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Sample records for assess core competencies

  1. Assessing Core Competencies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Narayanan, M.

    2004-12-01

    Catherine Palomba and Trudy Banta offer the following definition of assessment, adapted from one provided by Marches in 1987. Assessment in the systematic collection, review, and use of information about educational programs undertaken for the purpose of improving student learning and development. (Palomba and Banta 1999). It is widely recognized that sophisticated computing technologies are becoming a key element in today's classroom instructional techniques. Regardless, the Professor must be held responsible for creating an instructional environment in which the technology actually supplements learning outcomes of the students. Almost all academic disciplines have found a niche for computer-based instruction in their respective professional domain. In many cases, it is viewed as an essential and integral part of the educational process. Educational institutions are committing substantial resources to the establishment of dedicated technology-based laboratories, so that they will be able to accommodate and fulfill students' desire to master certain of these specific skills. This type of technology-based instruction may raise some fundamental questions about the core competencies of the student learner. Some of the most important questions are : 1. Is the utilization of these fast high-powered computers and user-friendly software programs creating a totally non-challenging instructional environment for the student learner ? 2. Can technology itself all too easily overshadow the learning outcomes intended ? 3. Are the educational institutions simply training students how to use technology rather than educating them in the appropriate field ? 4. Are we still teaching content-driven courses and analysis oriented subject matter ? 5. Are these sophisticated modern era technologies contributing to a decline in the Critical Thinking Capabilities of the 21st century technology-savvy students ? The author tries to focus on technology as a tool and not on the technology

  2. Core skills assessment to improve mathematical competency

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carr, Michael; Bowe, Brian; Fhloinn, Eabhnat Ní

    2013-12-01

    Many engineering undergraduates begin third-level education with significant deficiencies in their core mathematical skills. Every year, in the Dublin Institute of Technology, a diagnostic test is given to incoming first-year students, consistently revealing problems in basic mathematics. It is difficult to motivate students to address these problems; instead, they struggle through their degree, carrying a serious handicap of poor core mathematical skills, as confirmed by exploratory testing of final year students. In order to improve these skills, a pilot project was set up in which a 'module' in core mathematics was developed. The course material was basic, but 90% or higher was required to pass. Students were allowed to repeat this module throughout the year by completing an automated examination on WebCT populated by a question bank. Subsequent to the success of this pilot with third-year mechanical engineering students, the project was extended to five different engineering programmes, across three different year-groups. Full results and analysis of this project are presented, including responses to interviews carried out with a selection of the students involved.

  3. Suicide Risk Assessment Training for Psychology Doctoral Programs: Core Competencies and a Framework for Training

    OpenAIRE

    Cramer, Robert J.; Johnson, Shara M.; McLaughlin, Jennifer; Rausch, Emilie M.; Conroy, Mary Alice

    2013-01-01

    Clinical and counseling psychology programs currently lack adequate evidence-based competency goals and training in suicide risk assessment. To begin to address this problem, this article proposes core competencies and an integrated training framework that can form the basis for training and research in this area. First, we evaluate the extent to which current training is effective in preparing trainees for suicide risk assessment. Within this discussion, sample and methodological issues are ...

  4. Validation of a New Instrument for Self-Assessment of Nurses’ Core Competencies in Palliative Care

    OpenAIRE

    Kari Slåtten; Ove Hatlevik; Lisbeth Fagerström

    2014-01-01

    Competence can be seen as a prerequisite for high quality nursing in clinical settings. Few research studies have focused on nurses’ core competencies in clinical palliative care and few measurement tools have been developed to explore these core competencies. The purpose of this study was to test and validate the nurses’ core competence in palliative care (NCPC) instrument. A total of 122 clinical nurse specialists who had completed a postbachelor program in palliative care at two university...

  5. A Quantitative Assessment of the Research Chefs Association Core Competencies for the Practicing Culinologist

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bissett, Rachel L.; Cheng, Michael S. H.; Brannan, Robert G.

    2010-01-01

    Professional organizations have linked core competency to professional success and competitive strategy. The Research Chefs Assn. (RCA) recently released 43 core competencies for practicing culinologists. Culinology[R] is a profession that links skills of culinary arts and food science and technology in the development of food products. An online…

  6. Competency Assessment in Senior Emergency Medicine Residents for Core Ultrasound Skills

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jessica N. Schmidt

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Quality resident education in point-of-care ultrasound (POC US is becoming increasingly important in emergency medicine (EM; however, the best methods to evaluate competency in graduating residents has not been established. We sought to design and implement a rigorous assessment of image acquisition and interpretation in POC US in a cohort of graduating residents at our institution. Methods: We evaluated nine senior residents in both image acquisition and image interpretation for five core US skills (focused assessment with sonography for trauma (FAST, aorta, echocardiogram (ECHO, pelvic, central line placement. Image acquisition, using an observed clinical skills exam (OSCE directed assessment with a standardized patient model. Image interpretation was measured with a multiple-choice exam including normal and pathologic images. Results: Residents performed well on image acquisition for core skills with an average score of 85.7% for core skills and 74% including advanced skills (ovaries, advanced ECHO, advanced aorta. Residents scored well but slightly lower on image interpretation with an average score of 76%. Conclusion: Senior residents performed well on core POC US skills as evaluated with a rigorous assessment tool. This tool may be developed further for other EM programs to use for graduating resident evaluation.

  7. Developing resources to teach and assess the core competencies: a collaborative approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reed, Virginia A; Jernstedt, G Christian; Ballow, Mark; Bush, Robert K; Gewurz, Anita T; McGeady, Stephen J

    2004-11-01

    Graduate medical education programs face new challenges as they seek to comply with the mandate from the Accreditation Council on Graduate Medical Education to demonstrate that they are teaching and assessing residents on the six core competencies. The authors describe a project designed as a collaborative venture between the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology (AAAAI) and the Center for Educational Outcomes at Dartmouth College (CEdO) to provide residency programs in allergy/immunology with resources for teaching and assessing the core competencies. The goal was to create a set of learning and assessment resources that maximized the content knowledge expertise provided by the AAAAI and the learning expertise provided by CEdO. A highly interactive, iterative process was used to create a set of Web-based modules. Bilateral communication, buy-in, and active involvement in the process were seen as crucial to the development of resources and their successful implementation. Approximately 18 months after the modules were made available to training program directors, 80% of the directors surveyed were aware of and had accessed the modules. The joint creation process used in this project, designed to be generally applicable across specialties, reveals how the burden of meeting new requirements can be decreased when experts in content knowledge and experts in learning collaborate. PMID:15504772

  8. Assessment of core competencies in childhood attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Jennifer J; Hertzer, John L; Findling, Robert L

    2011-02-01

    The study assessed competencies and practices of a large group of healthcare providers in childhood attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and identified barriers to improving care. Methods were self-assessment using an Internet questionnaire with a standardized patient case; analysis compared with professional association recommendations; and measurement of provider self-efficacy levels. Of 2,103 participants who completed the assessment, 44% were only "somewhat confident" and 20% "not at all confident" in being up-to-date in diagnosis and management of ADHD. Based on American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology's Child and Adolescent Core Competencies and American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Practice Parameters, participants selected appropriate responses 60% of the time, 57% for items on diagnosis, and 62% for treatment. Providers under-used the family interview, and relied on ADHD rating scales for diagnosis. Lack of effective communication between provider, child, family, and teachers was the top barrier cited, yet participants rated involving the child and family as very important. In conclusion, education should include training on effective communication with the family to improve care for children with ADHD and dedication of further health education resources in the area of ADHD is needed. PMID:21288120

  9. Adult educators' core competences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wahlgren, Bjarne

    2016-05-01

    Which competences do professional adult educators need? This research note discusses the topic from a comparative perspective, finding that adult educators' required competences are wide-ranging, heterogeneous and complex. They are subject to context in terms of national and cultural environment as well as the kind of adult education concerned (e.g. basic education, work-related education etc.). However, it seems that it is possible to identify certain competence requirements which transcend national, cultural and functional boundaries. This research note summarises these common or "core" requirements, organising them into four thematic subcategories: (1) communicating subject knowledge; (2) taking students' prior learning into account; (3) supporting a learning environment; and (4) the adult educator's reflection on his or her own performance. At the end of his analysis of different competence profiles, the author notes that adult educators' ability to train adult learners in a way which then enables them to apply and use what they have learned in practice (thus performing knowledge transfer) still seems to be overlooked.

  10. Adult educators' core competences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wahlgren, Bjarne

    2016-06-01

    Which competences do professional adult educators need? This research note discusses the topic from a comparative perspective, finding that adult educators' required competences are wide-ranging, heterogeneous and complex. They are subject to context in terms of national and cultural environment as well as the kind of adult education concerned (e.g. basic education, work-related education etc.). However, it seems that it is possible to identify certain competence requirements which transcend national, cultural and functional boundaries. This research note summarises these common or "core" requirements, organising them into four thematic subcategories: (1) communicating subject knowledge; (2) taking students' prior learning into account; (3) supporting a learning environment; and (4) the adult educator's reflection on his or her own performance. At the end of his analysis of different competence profiles, the author notes that adult educators' ability to train adult learners in a way which then enables them to apply and use what they have learned in practice (thus performing knowledge transfer) still seems to be overlooked.

  11. Competencies, skills and assessment

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Højgaard, Tomas

    2009-01-01

    This paper is an analysis of the challenge of assessing student learning and how that is affected by using descriptions of competencies as a core element when describing the aims of the learning process. Assessment is modelled as a three step process; characterising, identifying and judging, to...... allow for the following argument: Working with competency descriptions is rightly said to make judging more difficult. This potentially lowers the reliability of the assessment. But competency descriptions also carry a great potential of raising the validity of the assessment by focusing the...

  12. Adult educators' core competences

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wahlgren, Bjarne

    2016-01-01

    Abstract Which competences do professional adult educators need? This research note discusses the topic from a comparative perspective, finding that adult educators’ required competences are wide-ranging, heterogeneous and complex. They are subject to context in terms of national and cultural env...... profiles, the author notes that adult educators’ ability to train adult learners in a way which then enables them to apply and use what they have learned in practice (thus performing knowledge transfer) still seems to be overlooked....

  13. Core Competencies in Information Management Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gorman, G. E.; Corbitt, B. J.

    2002-01-01

    Discusses core competencies in library and information science and in information systems to use as a background for an examination of core competencies in information management. Suggests a set of core competencies and educational outcomes that might be applied to curricula in both developed and developing countries. (Author/LRW)

  14. Assessment of Innovation Competency

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Jan Alexis

    2015-01-01

    of the recorded talk in interaction that occurred in teacher group discussion sessions at 5 upper secondary schools. Based on the analysis, it was possible to extrapolate assessment criteria for 5 subcompetencies relevant to innovation (creative competency, collaboration competency, navigation competency, action......The author employed a 3-step qualitative research design with multiple instances of source validation to capture expert teachers’ (n = 28) reflections on which manifest signs they would look for when they asses students’ innovation competency. The author reports on the thematic analysis...... competency, and communication competency) as well as assessment criteria for a number of skills relevant to these subcompetencies. These assessment criteria, it is argued, largely resonate with existing literature and they provide a detailed glimpse into how assessment of innovation competency could...

  15. 75 FR 52596 - Financial Education Core Competencies; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-26

    ... Financial Education Core Competencies; Comment Request AGENCY: Department of the Treasury. ACTION: Notice... proposed set of financial education core competencies (``Core Competencies''). Comments are requested specifically on whether the list of Core Competencies referenced in the Supplementary Section is complete...

  16. Competencies and Their Assessment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drisko, James W.

    2014-01-01

    This article explores competencies and methods for their assessment in higher education and in social work's accreditation standards. Many contemporary policy and educational accreditation efforts employ the model of competency assessment. The current emphasis on accountability in higher education, including the Council on Social Work…

  17. Examine the Assessment Tools in Identifying and Sustaining a Company's Core-Competencies

    OpenAIRE

    Lim, Tze Hui

    2011-01-01

    Organisations have learned that it is essential to continuously defining and re-defining their directions and goals over the past several decades. Also, the increased of globalized competition and rapid innovation have generated a new focus on enterprise-wide transformation (Rouse, 2005) with broader measurement of enterprise performance. Therefore, organisations often adopted the maturity model to assess the performance of their operations, and benchmark the best practices in order to enhanc...

  18. Nonlinear Analysis of Core Competence for Real Estate Enterprise Using Evolutionary Fuzzy Neural Inference Model

    OpenAIRE

    Huawang Shi; Wei Hou

    2011-01-01

    The real estate development trade is a pillar industry of our national economy. The real estate companies must focus on core competence in order to succeed in the fierce competition. This paper presents a probabilistic model for core competence estimation of real estate firms. According to the nonlinear feature of real estate core competence, this paper establishes the fuzzy and neural network model to core competence assessment of real estate. We analyze the features of core competence, thus...

  19. Graduate students' self assessment of competency in grief education and training in core accredited rehabilitation counseling programs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cicchetti, Richard Jude

    The study examined whether 93 master's level rehabilitation counselor trainees from select Midwestern CORE-accredited schools report having been adequately trained to identify and work with clients who are having grief-related issues from a loss or disability. Using the Grief Counseling Competency Scale (GCCS), participants showed a wide range of scores regarding personal competency related to grief; however, scores tended to be low when examining skills and knowledge relating to grief, with most respondents scoring between "this barely describes me" and "this somewhat describes me." Although presence or history of a disability was found to be related to personal competency, a number of variables were not related, including: gender, age, race/ethnicity, course work in grief theories and grief interventions, practica/internship setting, and attitudes toward people with disabilities. Implications for further research are discussed.

  20. Future Directions for Research on Core Competencies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bradshaw, Catherine P.; Guerra, Nancy G.

    2008-01-01

    This concluding commentary highlights common themes that emerged across the chapters in this volume. We identify strengths and limitations of the core competencies framework and discuss the importance of context, culture, and development for understanding the role of the core competencies in preventing risk behavior in adolescence. We also outline…

  1. Assessing prescribing competence

    OpenAIRE

    Mucklow, John; Bollington, Lynne; Maxwell, Simon

    2011-01-01

    Prescribing of medicines is the key clinical activity in the working life of most doctors. In recent years, a broad consensus regarding the necessary competencies has been achieved. Each of these is a complex mix of knowledge, judgement and skills. Surveys of those on the threshold of their medical careers have revealed widespread lack of confidence in writing prescriptions. A valid and reliable assessment of prescribing competence, separate from an overall assessment of medical knowledge and...

  2. Core Competencies: What They Are and How To Use Them.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Naylor, Richard J.

    2000-01-01

    Describes characteristics of core competencies. Examines the competencies a librarian should possess. Discusses types of competence and reviews advantages of developing and improving core competencies. Looks at core competencies in terms of the major service areas of public libraries. Presents several steps for building core competencies.…

  3. Evaluating Community Health Advisor (CHA) Core Competencies: The CHA Core Competency Retrospective Pretest/Posttest (CCCRP).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Story, Lachel; To, Yen M

    2016-05-01

    Health care and academic systems are increasingly collaborating with community health advisors (CHAs) to provide culturally relevant health interventions that promote sustained community transformation. Little attention has been placed on CHA training evaluation, including core competency attainment. This study identified common CHA core competencies, generated a theoretically based measure of those competencies, and explored psychometric properties of that measure. A concept synthesis revealed five CHA core competencies (leadership, translation, guidance, advocacy, and caring). The CHA Core Competency Retrospective Pretest/Posttest (CCCRP) resulted from that synthesis, which was administered using multiple approaches to individuals who previously received CHA training (N= 142). Exploratory factor analyses revealed a two-factor structure underlying the posttraining data, and Cronbach's alpha indicated high internal consistency. This study suggested some CHA core competencies might be more interrelated than previously thought, and two major competencies exist rather than five and supported the CCCRP's use to evaluate core competency attainment resulting from training. PMID:25416701

  4. Assessing medical students' performance in core competencies using multiple admission programs for colleges and universities: From the perspective of multi-source feedback

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ji-Tseng Fang

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Background: Since 1994, Taiwanese medical universities have employed the multiple application method comprising "recommendations and screening" and "admission application." The purpose of this study is to examine whether medical students admitted using different admission programs gave different performances. Methods: To evaluate the six core competencies for medical students proposed by Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME, this study employed various assessment tools, including student opinion feedback, multi-source feedback (MSF, course grades, and examination results.MSF contains self-assessment scale, peer assessment scale, nursing staff assessment scale, visiting staff assessment scale, and chief resident assessment scale. In the subscales, the CronbachÊs alpha were higher than 0.90, indicating good reliability. Research participants consisted of 182 students from the School of Medicine at Chang Gung University. Results: Regarding studentsÊ average grade for the medical ethics course, the performance of students who were enrolled through school recommendations exceeded that of students who were enrolled through the National College University Entrance Examination (NCUEE p = 0.011, and all considered "teamwork" as the most important. Different entry pipelines of students in the "communication," "work attitude," "medical knowledge," and "teamwork" assessment scales showed no significant difference. The improvement rate of the students who were enrolled through the school recommendations was better than that of the students who were enrolled through the N CUEE in the "professional skills," "medical core competencies," "communication," and "teamwork" projects of self-assessment and peer assessment scales. However, the students who were enrolled through the NCUEE were better in the "professional skills," "medical core competencies," "communication," and "teamwork" projects of the visiting staff assessment scale and the

  5. Health services research doctoral core competencies

    OpenAIRE

    Holve Erin; Martin Diane P; Forrest Christopher B; Millman Anne

    2009-01-01

    Abstract This manuscript presents an initial description of doctoral level core competencies for health services research (HSR). The competencies were developed by a review of the literature, text analysis of institutional accreditation self-studies submitted to the Council on Education for Public Health, and a consensus conference of HSR educators from US educational institutions. The competencies are described in broad terms which reflect the unique expertise, interests, and preferred learn...

  6. What Core Competencies Are Related to Teachers' Innovative Teaching?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, Chang; Wang, Di; Cai, Yonghong; Engels, Nadine

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to investigate teachers' core competencies in relation to their innovative teaching performance. Based on the literature and previous studies in this field, four competencies (learning competency, educational competency, social competency and technological competency) are theorised as core competencies for teachers'…

  7. Linking Core Competence, Innovation and Firm Performance

    OpenAIRE

    Öznur Gökkaya; Gönül Kaya Özbağ

    2015-01-01

    Organizational resources and capabilities realized by business practitioners and researchershave significant importanceas they support firmperformance and competitive advantage. However, what exactly core competence is not clearly understood since terms such as resource, capability and compe tence are used interchangeably by researchers. From this point forth, this article provides a framework for separating organization's core...

  8. Health services research doctoral core competencies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Holve Erin

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract This manuscript presents an initial description of doctoral level core competencies for health services research (HSR. The competencies were developed by a review of the literature, text analysis of institutional accreditation self-studies submitted to the Council on Education for Public Health, and a consensus conference of HSR educators from US educational institutions. The competencies are described in broad terms which reflect the unique expertise, interests, and preferred learning methods of academic HSR programs. This initial set of core competencies is published to generate further dialogue within and outside of the US about the most important learning objectives and methods for HSR training and to clarify the unique skills of HSR training program graduates.

  9. [Essential professional core competencies for nurses].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Yu-Chih

    2010-10-01

    Core competency is vital to the nursing profession. Such helps guarantee the high quality and effectiveness of delivered care and maintains the social value and status of the nursing profession. This article introduces the definition of nursing core competency and its connotations. The core competency profile for the nursing profession embraces basic behavioral attributes as well as mastery of advanced practice skills. The former include such attributes as gentleness, willingness to serve, keen observation and judgment, efficiency, skillfulness, responsibility and accountability. The latter embraces skills in general care, communication and collaboration, management, self-development, innovation and research, and stress-adjustment. To cultivate competent nurses, academic education should emphasize critical thinking skills, integrate problem-based and evidence-based learning approaches into curricula, and use objective structured clinical examination to evaluate learning outcomes. In the healthcare sector, systematic professional training models such as the clinical ladder with multidiscipline rotation hold the potential to train novice nurses as expert professionals. Meanwhile, to advance the professional capabilities of nurses, nursing administrators should provide a positive work environment to fuel and maintain learning motivation. Education and healthcare systems should work closely together to promote the professional competence of nurses and to strengthen the value of the nursing profession. PMID:20878605

  10. Marketing Competencies: A Core Course of Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cicchetti, Elric A.

    The document provides a systematic analysis of curriculum in marketing, focusing on the design and evaluation of a vocational course in the distributive education curriculum. The core course, entitled basic marketing, was selected because marketing competencies are essential to every distributive education student. The following areas are…

  11. Core Competences in Engineering. An FEU View.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Further Education Unit, London (England).

    A framework for the education, training, and accreditation of engineering personnel in England, particularly those at the craft/technician level, is proposed. The competence-based core for engineering education and training is endorsed by the Basic Engineering Study Group, and is the result of a 2-year project to address problems of overlap,…

  12. Core Competencies for Training Effective School Consultants

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burkhouse, Katie Lynn Sutton

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this research was to develop and validate a set of core competencies of effective school-based consultants for preservice school psychology consultation training. With recent changes in service delivery models, psychologists are challenged to engage in more indirect, preventative practices (Reschly, 2008). Consultation emerges as…

  13. Core Competencies for Pain Management: Results of an Interprofessional Consensus Summit

    OpenAIRE

    Fishman, Scott M; Young, Heather M; Lucas Arwood, Ellyn; Chou, Roger; Herr, Keela; Murinson, Beth B.; Watt-Watson, Judy; Carr, Daniel B.; Gordon, Debra B.; Stevens, Bonnie J; Bakerjian, Debra; Ballantyne, Jane C; Courtenay, Molly; Djukic, Maja; Koebner, Ian J

    2013-01-01

    Objective The objective of this project was to develop core competencies in pain assessment and management for prelicensure health professional education. Such core pain competencies common to all prelicensure health professionals have not been previously reported. Methods An interprofessional executive committee led a consensus-building process to develop the core competencies. An in-depth literature review was conducted followed by engagement of an interprofessional Competency Advisory Comm...

  14. Core competencies in social constructionist supervision?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sutherland, Olga; Fine, Marshall; Ashbourne, Lynda

    2013-07-01

    Family therapy is moving increasingly toward evidence-based practice and competency-based training. This article explores what might seem to be an unlikely link between social constructionist supervision, which is based on dialogic and fluid processes of meaning-making, and the increasing reliance on discrete core competencies in the education and training of family therapists. We propose an alternate approach to competencies for supervision with therapists in training that, among other things, invites accountability and provides evaluative props. The approach we propose is based on a set of orientations that we hope reflect the dialogic and contextual nature of social constructionist practice and supervision. These orientations consist of reflexivity and attention to power, fostering polyphony and generativity, collaborative stance, and focus on client resourcefulness. Ideas and questions for supervisors and therapists in training to address the orientations are articulated. PMID:25059303

  15. Core Competence Analysis--Toyota Production System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钱璐宜

    2013-01-01

      Core competencies are the wel spring of new business development. It is the sharpest sword to penetrate the mature market, hold and enlarge the existing share. Toyota makes wel use of its TPS and form its own style which other car manufacturers hard to imitate.In contrast,the Chinese company---FAW only imitating the superficial aspects from Toyota and ignoring its own problems in manufacture line.

  16. Information professionals: core competencies and professional development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Flávia Ferreira

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. We discuss the concept of core competencies applied to policies for teaching and training information professionals, particularly librarians. Method. Sixty graduates of the Institute were employed as information professionals. These sixty were asked to attribute degrees of importance to specific items associated with knowledge and skills that, within the scope of this research, were considered core competencies for meeting the demands of their jobs. Participants were also asked to cite knowledge they acquired in school and knowledge they use in exercising their profession, the skills that they consider necessary but that they did not gain in school, and the difficulties they encounter in exercising their profession and for which they were not sufficiently well prepared. Analysis. Both quantitative and qualitative data analyses were performed. The data were tabulated using Access and several reports and cross-tabulations were generated. Results. The results suggest a gulf between knowledge and skills acquired in library school and those that are required by the job market. In particular, participants lacked the skills they needed to work with information and communication technologies. Conclusion. The concept of core competencies is increasingly taken into account by the productive sector of the economy. The educational system ought to keep up with this change. The empirical research described shows that there is a need to establish advanced and modern policies for the education of librarians, participants in the market for information professionals.

  17. Nonlinear Analysis of Core Competence for Real Estate Enterprise Using Evolutionary Fuzzy Neural Inference Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Huawang Shi

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available The real estate development trade is a pillar industry of our national economy. The real estate companies must focus on core competence in order to succeed in the fierce competition. This paper presents a probabilistic model for core competence estimation of real estate firms. According to the nonlinear feature of real estate core competence, this paper establishes the fuzzy and neural network model to core competence assessment of real estate. We analyze the features of core competence, thus define the core competence in real estate industry. The main competition factors of real estate industry include R&|D ability, innovation capability, strategic management capacity, marketing capacity and management capacity. We confirmed the weight of each index quantitatively by means of Analytical Hierarchy Process(AHP according to an established index system. Then analyze the ability of artificial neural network to real estate core competence assessment, and lays the theoretical foundation of artificial neural network using in the systematic optimization of real estate core competence assessment and getting reasonable accurate core competence assessment result.

  18. Proposed Core Competencies and Empirical Validation Procedure in Competency Modeling: Confirmation and Classification

    OpenAIRE

    Baczyńska, Anna K.; Rowiński, Tomasz; Cybis, Natalia

    2016-01-01

    Competency models provide insight into key skills which are common to many positions in an organization. Moreover, there is a range of competencies that is used by many companies. Researchers have developed core competency terminology to underline their cross-organizational value. The article presents a theoretical model of core competencies consisting of two main higher-order competencies called performance and entrepreneurship. Each of them consists of three elements: the performance compet...

  19. Assessing Culturally Competent Scholarship.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mendias, Elnora P.; Guevara, Edilma B.

    2001-01-01

    Eight criteria for culturally competent scholarship (contextuality, relevance, communication styles, awareness of identity and power differences, disclosure, reciprocation, empowerment, time) were applied to an international education/research nursing program. Appropriate measures for each were developed and ways to improve the program were…

  20. School Librarian's Bill of Responsibilities and the ALA Core Competences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bogel, Gayle

    2009-01-01

    In January 2009, the American Library Association (ALA) completed a ten-year reexamination of the core competences needed by professional librarians graduating from ALA-accredited institutions. The ALA's "Core Competences of Librarianship" encompass the basic knowledge expected of all graduates in all specializations. The core beliefs and policies…

  1. Creative group performances to assess core competencies in a first-year patient-centered medicine course

    OpenAIRE

    Carol A. Terregino; Norma S. Saks

    2010-01-01

    Introduction:A novel assessment of systems-based practice and practice-based learning and improvement learning objectives, implemented in a first-year patient-centered medicine course, is qualitatively described. Methods: Student learning communities were asked to creatively demonstrate a problem and solution for health care delivery. Skits, filmed performances, plays, and documentaries were chosen by the students. Video recordings were reviewed for themes and the presence of course competenc...

  2. Local Economic Development Strategy Based on Localindustrial Core Competence

    OpenAIRE

    Rahab Bintara; Najmudin Najmudin; Istiqomah Istiqomah

    2013-01-01

    Local economy can be promoted through the development of small and medium industries by building up localindustrial core competence. Local core competence is one of the strategies to increase local competitiveadvantage through the optimization of local competitive potency. This study was aimed at drafting the strategyof local economic development through local industrial core competence based on competitive commodities ofBanyumas district.This study employed qualitative as well as quantitativ...

  3. Direct Observation: Assessing Orthopaedic Trainee Competence in the Ambulatory Setting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Phillips, Donna P; Zuckerman, Joseph D; Kalet, Adina; Egol, Kenneth A

    2016-09-01

    The Accreditation Council of Graduate Medical Education requires that residency programs teach and assess trainees in six core competencies. Assessments are imperative to determine trainee competence and to ensure that excellent care is provided to all patients. A structured, direct observation program is feasible for assessing nontechnical core competencies and providing trainees with immediate constructive feedback. Direct observation of residents in the outpatient setting by trained faculty allows assessment of each core competency. Checklists are used to document residents' basic communication skills, clinical reasoning, physical examination methods, and medical record keeping. Faculty concerns regarding residents' professionalism, medical knowledge, fatigue, or ability to self-assess are tracked. Serial observations allow for the reinforcement and/or monitoring of skills and attitudes identified as needing improvement. Residents who require additional coaching are identified early in training. Progress in educational milestones is recorded, allowing an individualized educational program that ensures that future orthopaedic surgeons excel across all domains of medical and surgical competence. PMID:27479831

  4. Methods and effect assessment of new nurse core competence in pre- job training.%"六个前面"在特需病房护理工作中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘燕

    2011-01-01

    Objective: Discussion of pre - job training methods and results of new nurses' core competencies.Methods :Twenty - six new nurses' core competencies, assess their core competencies before training, analysis, formulate plans of training according to individual needs,hand out survey of satisfaction after training, assess the theory and skills.Results:New nurses' satisfaction of the new training methods reach up to 100% ,the difference of test results of nurses' training theory and skills were P < 0.05 ,which was reliable in statistically.Conclusion :The pre - job training of new nurses' core competence can obviously improve the theory and nursing skills, also urge the growth and delopment of attendance, that helping new nurses to adapt to the clinical environment.%为真正体现"以病人为中心"的新型护患关系,满足广大病人对服务的需求,结合特需病房特点,实行"六个前面"护理原则.通过改进工作方法,细化服务流程,加强培训,创建了服务品牌,使病人满意度大大提高.

  5. Geriatric Core Competencies for Family Medicine Curriculum and Enhanced Skills: Care of Elderly

    Science.gov (United States)

    Charles, Lesley; Triscott, Jean A.C.; Dobbs, Bonnie M.; McKay, Rhianne

    2014-01-01

    Background There is a growing mandate for Family Medicine residency programs to directly assess residents’ clinical competence in Care of the Elderly (COE). The objectives of this paper are to describe the development and implementation of incremental core competencies for Postgraduate Year (PGY)-I Integrated Geriatrics Family Medicine, PGY-II Geriatrics Rotation Family Medicine, and PGY-III Enhanced Skills COE for COE Diploma residents at a Canadian University. Methods Iterative expert panel process for the development of the core competencies, with a pre-defined process for implementation of the core competencies. Results Eighty-five core competencies were selected overall by the Working Group, with 57 core competencies selected for the PGY-I/II Family Medicine residents and an additional 28 selected for the PGY-III COE residents. The core competencies follow the CanMEDS Family Medicine roles. Both sets of core competencies are based on consensus. Conclusions Due to demographic changes, it is essential that Family Physicians have the required skills and knowledge to care for the frail elderly. The core competencies described were developed for PGY-I/II Family Medicine residents and PGY-III Enhanced Skills COE, with a focus on the development of geriatric expertise for those patients that would most benefit. PMID:24883163

  6. The Core Competencies for Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elfers, John; Carlton, Lidia; Gibson, Paul; Puffer, Maryjane; Smith, Sharla; Todd, Kay

    2014-01-01

    The Adolescent Sexual Health Work Group commissioned the development of core competencies that define the knowledge, skills, and attitudes necessary for all providers of adolescent sexual and reproductive health. This article describes the background and rationale for this set of competencies, the history and use of competencies, and the process…

  7. Core Competencies and the Prevention of Youth Violence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sullivan, Terri N.; Farrell, Albert D.; Bettencourt, Amie F.; Helms, Sarah W.

    2008-01-01

    We discuss how the five core competencies for healthy adjustment in adolescence (a positive sense of self, self-control, decision-making skills, a moral system of belief, and prosocial connectedness) are represented in theories of aggression and youth violence. We then discuss research supporting the relation between these core competencies and…

  8. An Answer to the AICPA Core Competencies Challenge

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hocking, Deborah E.; Hocking, Ralph T.

    2009-01-01

    For many years the accounting profession has called for a change in the way accounting classes are taught. The AICPA in its Core Competency Framework (1999) has identified three core competency areas that are vital to future success. In this paper we present one successful way to meet this challenge by using a holistic approach to service learning…

  9. ASSESSING INTERCULTURAL COMMUNICATIVE COMPETENCE

    OpenAIRE

    Brighton, Christopher

    2013-01-01

    The use of self-awareness inventories and self-reflection journals or blogs is an important part of modern intercultural communication training. The number of methodological approaches is imprecise as there is no detailed knowledge. There is an overall lack of guidelines and framework for developing individual assessment tools.

  10. Epidemiology Core Competencies for Master of Public Health Students

    OpenAIRE

    Moser, Michael; Ramiah, Kalpana; Ibrahim, Michel

    2008-01-01

    Competency-based education for public health professionals has been recommended by the Institute of Medicine. The Association of Schools of Public Health has developed a set of academic core competencies that it recommends that all Master of Public Health (MPH) students should possess prior to graduation. This article discusses the processes and reasoning used by the workgroup that prepared the epidemiology subset of MPH core competencies that appear in the association's 2006 report. These ac...

  11. Assessing Intercultural Competence: A Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lombardi, Marissa R.

    2010-01-01

    Educators and employers increasingly acknowledge the value of intercultural competence. While most higher education institutions consider these skills as important outcomes for their graduates, few have specifically addressed the means by which to measure the wide variety of results. Having and using intercultural assessment tools will allow…

  12. Validation of core competencies during residency training in anaesthesiology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Spies, Claudia

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Background and goal: Curriculum development for residency training is increasingly challenging in times of financial restrictions and time limitations. Several countries have adopted the CanMEDS framework for medical education as a model into their curricula of specialty training. The purpose of the present study was to validate the competency goals, as derived from CanMEDS, of the Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine of the Berlin Charité University Medical Centre, by conducting a staff survey. These goals for the qualification of specialists stipulate demonstrable competencies in seven areas: expert medical action, efficient collaboration in a team, communications with patients and family, management and organisation, lifelong learning, professional behaviour, and advocacy of good health. We had previously developed a catalogue of curriculum items based on these seven core competencies. In order to evaluate the validity of this catalogue, we surveyed anaesthetists at our department in regard to their perception of the importance of each of these items. In addition to the descriptive acquisition of data, it was intended to assess the results of the survey to ascertain whether there were differences in the evaluation of these objectives by specialists and registrars. Methods: The questionnaire with the seven adapted CanMEDS Roles included items describing each of their underlying competencies. Each anaesthetist (registrars and specialists working at our institution in May of 2007 was asked to participate in the survey. Individual perception of relevance was rated for each item on a scale similar to the Likert system, ranging from 1 (highly relevant to 5 (not at all relevant, from which ratings means were calculated. For determination of reliability, we calculated Cronbach’s alpha. To assess differences between subgroups, we performed analysis of variance.Results: All seven roles were rated as relevant. Three of the seven

  13. Core competencies of the entrepreneurial leader in health care organizations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guo, Kristina L

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to discuss core competencies that entrepreneurial health care leaders should acquire to ensure the survival and growth of US health care organizations. Three overlapping areas of core competencies are described: (1) health care system and environment competencies, (2) organization competencies, and (3) interpersonal competencies. This study offers insight into the relationship between leaders and entrepreneurship in health care organizations and establishes the foundation for more in-depth studies on leadership competencies in health care settings. The approach for identifying core competencies and designing a competency model is useful for practitioners in leadership positions in complex health care organizations, so that through the understanding and practice of these 3 areas of core competencies, they can enhance their entrepreneurial leadership skills to become more effective health care entrepreneurial leaders. This study can also be used as a tool by health care organizations to better understand leadership performance, and competencies can be used to further the organization's strategic vision and for individual improvement purposes. PMID:19225332

  14. Cultural Core Competencies: Perceptions of 4-H Youth Development Professionals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Janet E. Fox

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available As society grows increasingly diverse, it is critical that youth development professionals are equipped with cultural core competencies. This descriptive study gauged the perceived level of cultural competence among 4-H Youth Development professionals from a Southern state in the United States. Based on the 4-H Professional Research, Knowledge, and Competency (PRKC Model (Stone & Rennekamp, 2004, youth development professionals rated their cultural competence (equity, access, and opportunity in eight core competency areas. Based on a five-point Likert scale ranging from 0 = No knowledge to 4 = Expert, youth development professionals evaluated their cultural competence ranging from 0.66 to 4.00. According to an interpretive scale, most youth development professionals rated their competence as intermediate. Participants reported the skills of active listening and an open attitude as areas in which they felt most competent. Areas of least competence were community outreach policies and procedures. No significant relationships existed between the demographic variables of gender, degree earned, and field of study when compared to perceived cultural competence. The findings will be used to detect deficiencies and create opportunities for professional training and development experiences in supporting the cultural competence and growth of youth professionals.

  15. Domain Definition: The Foundation of Competency Assessment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zane, Thomas W.

    2008-01-01

    Western Governors University (WGU) is a competency-based institution that uses an integrated and holistic approach to competence definition, teaching, and assessment. Building a competency-based degree program begins with competence definition activities that focus on what successful graduates need to be able to "do" and the related skills and…

  16. Core Competencies of the Certified Pediatric Doctor of Chiropractic

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hewitt, Elise; Hestbaek, Lise; Pohlman, Katherine A

    2016-01-01

    An outline of the minimum core competencies expected from a certified pediatric doctor of chiropractic was developed using a Delphi consensus process. The initial set of seed statements and substatements was modeled on competency documents used by organizations that oversee chiropractic and medical...

  17. Fitness to plead and core competencies: problems and possibilities

    OpenAIRE

    Peay, Jill

    2012-01-01

    Written in the light of the Law Commission’s Consultation Paper on Unfitness to Plead, this paper examines some of the core competencies that should underpin a test of unfitness to plead. It comprises three broad sections: (i) an examination of the current problems with unfitness and the foundational principles for a revised test, (ii) a description of the prevailing test of unfitness and of those that might be used to reformulate it, and (iii) an examination of the core compet...

  18. A Comparative Study to Assess the Impact of 6 Days Core Competency Training of the ANMs of Damoh District of Madhya

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pradesh Pankaj Prasad, Rajendra Singh Arya, Manoj Bansal, S P Singh

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: In India, public health nursing in the villages today is still limited to services rendered by Auxiliary Nurse Midwife (ANM. ANMs are regarded as the first contact person between people and organization, between needs and services and between consumer and provider. Recognizing this fact Japanese International Cooperation Agency (JICA gave 6 days Core Competency Training to ANMs of Damoh district about Ante-Natal Care (ANC check-up. Objective: To confirm the impact of the 6 days Core Competency training of the ANMs. Materials & Methods: The present study was a Case Control Study which was carried out in JICA/MP, RHP (Japan International Cooperation Agency/ Madhya Pradesh – Reproductive Health Project intervened district i.e. Damoh and one of Non-Project district i.e. Sagar during January and February 2011. In total 30 ANMs were interviewed each from Damoh and Sagar district. Firstly, 3 blocks were randomly selected each from 7 blocks of Damoh and 11 blocks of Sagar respectively and than 10 ANMs were again randomly selected from each block. Statistical analysis: Percentage, proportions and appropriate Test of Significance (Fisher’s Exact Test were applied to interpret the result. Results: All the ANMs (100% in Damoh district enumerated PROM (Pre-Mature Rupture of Membrane as complication during Pregnancy as against 76.67% in Sagar district. 60% of ANMs in Damoh district appreciated Fetal Heart Sound (FHS correctly as compared to merely 16.67% in Sagar district. Conclusion: The findings in present study clearly show that such kind training which emphasize on improving the practical knowledge and skills of ANMs should be provided on regular basis. Impact of such training can be enhanced in the field if timely refresher or reorientation trainings are given to those who have been already trained.

  19. The Core Competencies of PhDs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Durette, Barthélémy; Fournier, Marina; Lafon, Matthieu

    2016-01-01

    In our knowledge society and economy, doctoral education is increasingly considered as a means to produce knowledge workers to feed the needs of the global employment market. This raises concerns about the competencies developed through doctoral training. Surprisingly, only a few studies have addressed this question and most of them are restricted…

  20. Comparing Written Competency in Core French and French Immersion Graduates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lappin-Fortin, Kerry

    2014-01-01

    Few studies have compared the written competency of French immersion students and their core French peers, and research on these learners at a postsecondary level is even scarcer. My corpus consists of writing samples from 255 students from both backgrounds beginning a university course in French language. The writing proficiency of core French…

  1. Core Competence, Distinctive Competence, and Competitive Advantage: What Is the Difference?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mooney, Ann

    2007-01-01

    Core competence, distinctive competence, and competitive advantage are 3 of the most important business concepts that managers, researchers, and educators rely on for decision making, pedagogy, and research. However, little attention has been paid to defining these concepts. As a result, they have become buzzwords that are used so frequently that…

  2. Core competencies for pharmaceutical physicians and drug development scientists

    OpenAIRE

    Honorio eSilva; Peter eStonier; Fritz R Buhler; Jean-Paul eDeslypere; Domenico eCriscuolo; Gerfried eNell; Joao eMassud; Stewart eGeary; Johanna eSchenk; Sandor eKerpel-Fronius; Greg eKoski; Norbert eClemens; Ingrid eKlingmann; Gustavo eKesselring; Rudolf evan Olden

    2013-01-01

    Professional groups, such as IFAPP (International Federation of Pharmaceutical Physicians and Pharmaceutical Medicine), are expected to produce the defined core competencies to orient the discipline and the academic programs for the development of future competent professionals and to advance the profession. On the other hand, PharmaTrain, an Innovative Medicines Initiative project, has become the largest public-private partnership in biomedicine in the European Continent and aims to provide ...

  3. [Developing the core competencies of long-term care professionals].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Huey-Tzy; Lee, Kuang-Ting

    2012-12-01

    Longer average life expectancies and an ageing society have made long-term care an urgent and important issue in Taiwan. Although the implementation of Long-Term Care Ten-year Project four years ago has begun showing success in terms of assessing Taiwan's needs in terms of long-term care services and resources, there has been little forward progress in terms of training, recruiting and maintaining more competent professionals in the long-term care sector. This paper explores the current state of long-term care competency in Taiwan and educational strategies in place to improve the competency of long-term care professionals. Results indicate that the term geriatric competency embraces sub-competencies in direct care, communication, assessment, teamwork, cultural sensitivities and career care competencies. The term long-term care competency embraces the sub-competencies of supervision, management, information technology, resource management, and organizational skill. As a main contributor to effective long-term care, the nursing profession must employ effective strategies to develop competency-based education. Also, the profession must have an adequate supply of competent manpower to effectively respond to Taiwan's aging society. PMID:23212250

  4. Beyond NAVMEC: competency-based veterinary education and assessment of the professional competencies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hodgson, Jennifer L; Pelzer, Jacquelyn M; Inzana, Karen D

    2013-01-01

    The implementation of competency-based curricula within the health sciences has been an important paradigm shift over the past 30 years. As a result, one of the five strategic goals recommended by the North American Veterinary Medical Education Consortium (NAVMEC) report was to graduate career-ready veterinarians who are proficient in, and have the confidence to use, an agreed-upon set of core competencies. Of the nine competencies identified as essential for veterinary graduates, seven could be classified as professional or non-technical competencies: communication; collaboration; management (self, team, system); lifelong learning, scholarship, value of research; leadership; diversity and multicultural awareness; and adaptation to changing environments. Traditionally, the professional competencies have received less attention in veterinary curricula and their assessment is often sporadic or inconsistent. In contrast, the same or similar competencies are being increasingly recognized in other health professions as essential skills and abilities, and their assessment is being undertaken with enhanced scrutiny and critical appraisal. Several challenges have been associated with the assessment of professional competencies, including agreement as to their definition and therefore their evaluation, the fact that they are frequently complex and require multiple integrative assessments, and the ability and/or desire of faculty to teach and assess these competencies. To provide an improved context for assessment of the seven professional competencies identified in the NAVMEC report, this article describes a broad framework for their evaluation as well as specific examples of how these or similar competencies are currently being measured in medical and veterinary curricula. PMID:23709107

  5. Education in Global Health: Experience in Health-Promoting Schools Provides Trainees with Defined Core Competencies

    OpenAIRE

    Shreya Moodley; Arabat Kasangaki; Macnab, Andrew J.

    2012-01-01

    Introduction. Medical education has defined essential “universal” core competencies. The value of global health education gained through participation in a health-promoting school project was assessed using Canada’s CanMEDS roles and competencies. Methods. The project involved health care trainees in delivery of “Brighter Smiles,” a global health education program addressing children’s oral health in Canada and Uganda based on the WHO health-promoting (HP) school model. Multidisciplinary team...

  6. Geriatric Core Competencies for Family Medicine Curriculum and Enhanced Skills: Care of Elderly

    OpenAIRE

    Charles, Lesley; Triscott, Jean A.C.; Dobbs, Bonnie M.; McKay, Rhianne

    2014-01-01

    Background There is a growing mandate for Family Medicine residency programs to directly assess residents’ clinical competence in Care of the Elderly (COE). The objectives of this paper are to describe the development and implementation of incremental core competencies for Postgraduate Year (PGY)-I Integrated Geriatrics Family Medicine, PGY-II Geriatrics Rotation Family Medicine, and PGY-III Enhanced Skills COE for COE Diploma residents at a Canadian University. Methods Iterative expert panel...

  7. Information Technology, Core Competencies, and Sustained Competitive Advantage.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Byrd, Terry Anthony

    2001-01-01

    Presents a model that depicts a possible connection between competitive advantage and information technology. Focuses on flexibility of the information technology infrastructure as an enabler of core competencies, especially mass customization and time-to-market, that have a relationship to sustained competitive advantage. (Contains 82…

  8. Stability and Change in Markers of Core Numerical Competencies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reeve, Robert; Reynolds, Fiona; Humberstone, Judi; Butterworth, Brian

    2012-01-01

    Dot enumeration (DE) and number comparison (NC) abilities are considered markers of core number competence. Differences in DE/NC reaction time (RT) signatures are thought to distinguish between typical and atypical number development. Whether a child's DE and NC signatures change or remain stable over time, relative to other developmental…

  9. Modeling of Core Competencies in the Registrar's Office

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pikowsky, Reta

    2009-01-01

    The Office of the Registrar at the Georgia Institute of Technology, in cooperation with the Office of Human Resources, has been engaged since February 2008 in a pilot project to model core competencies for the leadership team and the staff. It is the hope of the office of Human resources that this pilot will result in a model that can be used…

  10. Core Competencies and the Prevention of Adolescent Substance Use

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haegerich, Tamara M.; Tolan, Patrick H.

    2008-01-01

    Adolescence is a developmental period during which youth are at increased risk for using substances. An empirical focus on core competencies illustrates that youth are less likely to use substances when they have a positive future orientation, a belief in the ability to resist substances, emotional and behavioral control, sound decision-making…

  11. An Industrial Application of Resource-Based View of Firm in China: Identifying Core Competencies and Achieving Sustainability

    OpenAIRE

    Zhou, Wuzhen

    2013-01-01

    This thesis attempts to explore the theory application within one China based organisation, in this way to address the void in by studying the implications of applying resource based view, core competency and dynamic capability concepts to foreign organisation business management, by identifying the core competencies and the dynamic capabilities of the company. The theoretical framework consists of the strategy concept, resource based view, critical assessments about RBV, core competency,...

  12. Selection, competency development and assessment of nuclear power plant managers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This publication provides information on proven methods and good practices with respect to the selection, development and assessment of nuclear power plant (NPP) managers. The report is organized into four sections, a glossary, two appendices, and several annexes. The Introduction (Section 1) provides the framework for the report. Section 2 describes how appropriate management competencies can be used for the selection, development and assessment of NPP managers, including: -Selection which includes recruitment, promotion and succession management. -Management development programmes including formal training, job rotation, on the job training, mentoring, and outside assignments. -Assessment of individual performance. Section 3 describes a systematic process for identifying the competencies needed by NPP managers. This section culminates in a set of suggested core competencies for NPP managers which are further expanded in Appendix A. The annexes included provide specific examples of competency-based management selection, development, and assessment programmes in several Member States. -Annex A is one method to organize and display competencies. -Annex B is an example of using competencies for selection of first line managers. -Annex C is an example of using management competencies for succession management. -Annexes -H are examples of management development programmes. -Annexes I and J are examples of management assessment programmes. A glossary of terms is provided at the end of the report to explain the use of some key terms explain the use of some key terms

  13. Assessing Competence in Pediatric Cardiology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Apul E.; And Others

    1976-01-01

    In response to the need to assure physician competence, a rating scale was developed at the University of Minnesota Medical School for use in evaluating clinical competence in pediatric cardiology. It was tested on first- and second-year specialists. Development and testing procedures are described. (JT)

  14. Core Competencies in Vocational Welder Worker: Based on Thai Welding Industry Participator Perceptions

    OpenAIRE

    Pakamas Choosit; Chuchai Sujivorakul; Sak Kongsuwan

    2012-01-01

    A core competency facilitates the identification of training needs and guides the design of a professional development program. Thus, this research was to explore and examine the core competencies in vocational welder worker based on Thai welding industry participator perceptions. To synthesize core competencies first used the focus group technique with 17 experts to identify their perspectives on core competencies in vocational welder worker. After that competencies questionnaire survey was ...

  15. Engineering Geodesy - Definition and Core Competencies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuhlmann, Heiner; Schwieger, Volker; Wieser, Andreas; Niemeier, Wolfgang

    2014-11-01

    This article summarises discussions concerning the definition of "engineering geodesy" within the German Geodetic Commission. It is noted that engineering geodesy by means of its tasks, methods and characteristics is an application-oriented science whose research questions often arise from observed phenomena or from unsolved practical problems. In particular it is characterised by the professional handling of geometry-related problems in a cost-effective manner that includes comprehensive quality assessment at all phases of the problem solution - from planning through measurement to data processing and interpretation. The current methodical developments are primarily characterised by the increasing integration of the measurement and analysis into challenging construction, production and monitoring processes as well as by the transition to spatially continuous methods. A modern definition of engineering geodesy is proposed at the end of this article.

  16. Core Competencies: The Challenge for Graduate Peace and Conflict Studies Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Windmueller, John; Wayne, Ellen Kabcenell; Botes, Johannes

    2009-01-01

    This article uses a case study of the assessment of a graduate program in negotiations and conflict management as a springboard for discussing several critical, but unanswered questions in our field. It raises questions regarding the lack of clear core competencies and expectations regarding curricula at the graduate-level of peace and conflict…

  17. Core Competencies Of A Call Centre AgentCore Competencies Of A Call Centre Agent

    OpenAIRE

    Christine White; Vera Roos

    2005-01-01

    Call centre agents are becoming increasingly important in the call centre context. They act as a contact point between the customer and the company. Call centre agents should have certain competencies to perform their duties sufficiently. Identifying competencies, required to be effective agents, will ease the task of training and recruitment. Due to the interrelatedness of the call centre agent, the management of a call centre and customers, all relevant role players’ perceptions were taken ...

  18. Competences, competences assessment, validity of instruments, Preschool Education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rigoberto Marín Uribe

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this article is to describe the design process, validation and assurance of an instrument for the assessment of the success level of competences in preschool children. Initially is presented a theoretical and contextual framework of the competences in preschool. With this, it is problematized about the absence of tools for that the educators could perform the diagnostic evaluation of competences required in the reform of preschool education 2004. In the design of the instrument, the concept of “situation” is central. The validation and assurance included a process of pilotage with 512 preschool children with the implementing in practice of three different ways of application of the instrument. The results show high levels of assurance and power of discrimination that allow to distinguish significantly people by age and socioeconomic level, not finding differences by genre.

  19. Taxonomy for Assessing Evaluation Competencies in Extension

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodgers, Michelle S.; Hillaker, Barbara D.; Haas, Bruce E.; Peters, Cheryl

    2012-01-01

    Evaluation of public service programming is becoming increasingly important with current funding realities. The taxonomy of evaluation competencies compiled by Ghere et al. (2006) provided the starting place for Taxonomy for Assessing Evaluation Competencies in Extension. The Michigan State University Extension case study described here presents a…

  20. Core competencies for doctoral education in public health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Calhoun, Judith G; McElligott, John E; Weist, Elizabeth M; Raczynski, James M

    2012-01-01

    The Association of Schools of Public Health (ASPH) released the Doctor of Public Health (DrPH) Core Competency Model in 2009. Between 2007 and 2009, a national expert panel with members of the academic and practice communities guided by the ASPH Education Committee developed its 7 performance domains, including 54 competencies. We provide an overview and analysis of the challenges and issues associated with the variability in DrPH degree offerings, reflect on the model development process and related outcomes, and discuss the significance of the model, future applications, and challenges for integration across educational settings. With the model, ASPH aims to stimulate national discussion on the competencies needed by DrPH graduates with the new challenges of 21st-century public health practice and to better define the DrPH degree. PMID:22095342

  1. Proposed Core Competencies and Empirical Validation Procedure in Competency Modeling: Confirmation and Classification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baczyńska, Anna K; Rowiński, Tomasz; Cybis, Natalia

    2016-01-01

    Competency models provide insight into key skills which are common to many positions in an organization. Moreover, there is a range of competencies that is used by many companies. Researchers have developed core competency terminology to underline their cross-organizational value. The article presents a theoretical model of core competencies consisting of two main higher-order competencies called performance and entrepreneurship. Each of them consists of three elements: the performance competency includes cooperation, organization of work and goal orientation, while entrepreneurship includes innovativeness, calculated risk-taking and pro-activeness. However, there is lack of empirical validation of competency concepts in organizations and this would seem crucial for obtaining reliable results from organizational research. We propose a two-step empirical validation procedure: (1) confirmation factor analysis, and (2) classification of employees. The sample consisted of 636 respondents (M = 44.5; SD = 15.1). Participants were administered a questionnaire developed for the study purpose. The reliability, measured by Cronbach's alpha, ranged from 0.60 to 0.83 for six scales. Next, we tested the model using a confirmatory factor analysis. The two separate, single models of performance and entrepreneurial orientations fit quite well to the data, while a complex model based on the two single concepts needs further research. In the classification of employees based on the two higher order competencies we obtained four main groups of employees. Their profiles relate to those found in the literature, including so-called niche finders and top performers. Some proposal for organizations is discussed. PMID:27014111

  2. Study on the judgment model of dyeing and weaving corporation's core competence

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    On the basis of the dyeing and weaving corporations' characters, this paper put forward the dimensionality and index system to analyze the core competence. This paper divided the core competence into three layers and gave out the Dimensional-Hierarchical structure of core competence through combining the analysis dimensionalities with the competence layers. The model was described to evaluate, analyze and judge the dyeing and weaving corporation's competence.

  3. A note on intellectual capital, core competencies and business performance

    OpenAIRE

    Rodriguez-Castellanos, Arturo; Garcia-Merino, Jose Domingo; Garcia-Zambrano, Lidia

    2011-01-01

    This paper seeks to test the existence of links between core competencies –grouped according to the dimensions of intellectual capital (Human Capital, Structural Capital and Relational Capital) and business performance. With information from a survey conducted among business managers, and business performance data for 2007 and 2008 obtained from the SABI database, non-parametric contrasts were performed in order to verify such links. The results show a pos...

  4. Outsourcing of mutual funds' non-core competencies

    OpenAIRE

    Sorhage, Christoph

    2015-01-01

    I investigate the consequences for mutual funds' operational outcomes when fund families focus their efforts on their core competency, i.e. portfolio management, by outsourcing noncore activities to external providers. Specifically, I find that funds of families that outsource shareholder services have about 32 percent lower service fees than funds of families that cater for investors' service needs internally. Consistent with service outsourcing releasing tied resources that can be spent on ...

  5. AGR core safety assessment methodologies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To demonstrate the safety of its gas-cooled graphite-moderated AGR reactors, nuclear safety assessments of the cores are based upon a methodology which demonstrates no component failures, geometrical stability of the structure and material properties bounded by a database. All AGRs continue to meet these three criteria. However, predictions of future core behaviour indicate that the safety case methodology will eventually need to be modified to deal with new phenomena. A new approach to the safety assessment of the cores is currently under development, which can take account of these factors while at the same time providing the same level of protection for the cores. This approach will be based on the functionality of the core: unhindered movement of control rods, continued adequate cooling of the fuel and the core, continued ability to charge and discharge fuel. (author). 5 figs

  6. Developing a competence-based core curriculum in biomedical laboratory science: a Delphi study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Edgren, Gudrun

    2006-08-01

    In this study the Delphi technique has been used to develop a core curriculum for education of the biomedical scientist. The rapid development in biomedicine and the corresponding changes in methodology in biomedical laboratories demand careful planning of the education of biomedical scientists. The Delphi technique uses an anonymous panel of experts for suggestions and assessments aiming at consensus. Twenty-six experts from different kinds of hospital and university laboratories took part in the investigation. They suggested and assessed necessary competences for a recently graduated biomedical scientist, and if 75% or more of the participants agreed on a competence, it was included in the core curriculum. The final list consisted of 66 competences of varying depth, in three categories. This list contained several generic competences, concerning for example basic laboratory methods, handling of samples, dealing with apparatus and applying relevant rules and laws; basic knowledge in chemistry, preclinical medicine and laboratory methods; and finally attitudes that the panel expected in the recently graduated person. The core was sufficiently restricted to be used in a three-year programme and still leave space for about one year of electives/special study modules. It became rather traditional, e.g. it did not include competences that many recent reports consider important for the future professional. PMID:16973452

  7. Study on Construction of Knowledge Management System Based on Enhancing Core Competence of Industrial Clusters

    OpenAIRE

    Zhenfeng Chen; Xiangzhen Xu

    2010-01-01

    Under the background of the knowledge economy and globalization, knowledge becomes the firm's strategic resources, enhancing the core competence of industrial clusters requires knowledge management. In this paper, firstly, the connotation of the core competence of industrial clusters is analyzed. The mechanism of knowledge management affecting the core competence of industrial clusters is studied. Finally, the knowledge management system that helps to enhance the core competence of industrial...

  8. Capability and core competency identification of a knowledge-based organization

    OpenAIRE

    Calle, Christian

    2011-01-01

    The concept of core competencies has been discussed for the last 20 years; however concept itself has yet to be standardized. Using the theories concerning core competencies as laid out by Porter, Prahalad, and Hamel, and using a framework created by Clayton M. Christensen that adds support to the identification of core competencies through the examination of capabilities, this paper illustrates a path that supports a method of identifying core competencies through the capabilities of an orga...

  9. Core competences of brazilian beef exporters to Europe: a multi-case study

    OpenAIRE

    Jose Stamato Neto; Rosane Chicarelli Alcantara

    2013-01-01

    The main objective of the research was the analysis of the core competences of some of the most important Brazilian beef processors and exporters to European Union. These core competencies are sources of competitive advantage and could allow Brazilian beef processors increasing their competitiveness. The research was structured as a multi-case study. The research mapped 19 core competences which support beef exports to the European Union. The most important core competences which leverage Bra...

  10. COMPETENCE ASSESSMENT: BEST PRACTICES IN EUROPEAN COUNTRIES

    OpenAIRE

    VELCIU Magdalena; Liliana GRECU; Lungu, Eliza-Olivia

    2014-01-01

    In the current changing environment of work, the process of competence assessment is increasingly relevant as workers gain knowledge and practical skills through fulfilling different and new working tasks and through self-education. In this context, innovative tools for competence assessment and validation are very useful for encouraging movement of individuals between jobs and from unemployment or inactivity to employment and for increasing the capacity of companies to respond and adapt to c...

  11. 78 FR 22527 - Army Science Board Request for Information on Technology and Core Competencies

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-16

    ... Department of the Army Army Science Board Request for Information on Technology and Core Competencies AGENCY: Department of the Army, DoD. ] ACTION: Request for information regarding support to Army Core Competencies...) research, operational concepts, and mission support innovations to support Army core competencies. No...

  12. Clinical Core Competency Training for NASA Flight Surgeons

    Science.gov (United States)

    Polk, J. D.; Schmid, Josef; Hurst, Victor, IV; Doerr, Harold K.; Doerr, Harold K.

    2007-01-01

    Introduction: The cohort of NASA flight surgeons (FS) is a very accomplished group with varied clinical backgrounds; however, the NASA Flight Surgeon Office has identified that the extremely demanding schedule of this cohort prevents many of these physicians from practicing clinical medicine on a regular basis. In an effort to improve clinical competency, the NASA FS Office has dedicated one day a week for the FS to receive clinical training. Each week, an FS is assigned to one of five clinical settings, one being medical patient simulation. The Medical Operations Support Team (MOST) was tasked to develop curricula using medical patient simulation that would meet the clinical and operational needs of the NASA FS Office. Methods: The MOST met with the Lead FS and Training Lead FS to identify those core competencies most important to the FS cohort. The MOST presented core competency standards from the American Colleges of Emergency Medicine and Internal Medicine as a basis for developing the training. Results: The MOST identified those clinical areas that could be best demonstrated and taught using medical patient simulation, in particular, using high fidelity human patient simulators. Curricula are currently being developed and additional classes will be implemented to instruct the FS cohort. The curricula will incorporate several environments for instruction, including lab-based and simulated microgravity-based environments. Discussion: The response from the NASA FS cohort to the initial introductory class has been positive. As a result of this effort, the MOST has identified three types of training to meet the clinical needs of the FS Office; clinical core competency training, individual clinical refresher training, and just-in-time training (specific for post-ISS Expedition landings). The MOST is continuing to work with the FS Office to augment the clinical training for the FS cohort, including the integration of Web-based learning.

  13. Integrating the core competencies: proceedings from the 2005 Academic Assembly consortium.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stahmer, Sarah A; Ellison, Stefanie R; Jubanyik, Karen K; Felten, Scott; Doty, Christopher; Binder, Louis; Jouriles, Nicholas J

    2007-01-01

    The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education mandated the integration of the core competencies into residency training in 2001. To this end, educators in emergency medicine (EM) have been proactive in their approach, using collaborative efforts to develop methods that teach and assess the competencies. The first steps toward a collaborative approach occurred during the proceedings of the Council of Emergency Medicine Residency Directors (CORD-EM) academic assembly in 2002. Three years later, the competencies were revisited by working groups of EM program directors and educators at the 2005 Academic Assembly. This report provides a summary discussion of the status of integration of the competencies into EM training programs in 2005. PMID:17079791

  14. Human Capital as Source for Sustained Competitive Advantages in SMEs: A Core Competencies Approach

    OpenAIRE

    Carlos M. F-JARDON; Gonzalez-Loureiro, Miguel

    2013-01-01

    Human capital is a source of competitive advantage, since it helps to build core competencies which position the company above its competitors. Core competencies are dynamic competencies of superior hierarchy, which integrate, build and reconfigure internal and external factors of business to create value. Core competencies are competitive advantages when an organization gets better performance than competitors. Human capital is source of competitive advantage but it possibly does not directl...

  15. Assessing Students – Clinical Competence Versus Performance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John Ruedy

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available The recent elaboration of the range of physiciancompetencies upon which the quality of health care isdependent has fostered the development of a variety ofmethods of assessing medical student competencies andperformance. Such assessments are essential inproviding feedback to students to guide their learningand to faculty on the success of the curriculum inachieving competency outcomes. In addition theyprovide evidence that students have achieved minimumrequirements for progressing. Well-designed ObservedStructured Clinical Examinations (OSCEs, MiniClinical Examinations (Mini-CEXs and some forms ofMulti-Source Feedback (MSF can meet acceptablestandards of validity and reliability and are feasible.Competency assessments are limited in predicting howa student will actually act in the work situationparticularly in humanistic skills. More emphasis needsto be placed on student performance, in suchcompetencies as communication and professionalism, ina variety of settings by a number of observers.

  16. Human Capital as Source for Sustained Competitive Advantages in SMEs: A Core Competencies Approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos M. F-JARDON

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Human capital is a source of competitive advantage, since it helps to build core competencies which position the company above its competitors. Core competencies are dynamic competencies of superior hierarchy, which integrate, build and reconfigure internal and external factors of business to create value. Core competencies are competitive advantages when an organization gets better performance than competitors. Human capital is source of competitive advantage but it possibly does not directly affect to performance. It needs to associate with other elements in core competencies. These associations are not well known. That is the goal of this paper: to determine how human capital affects the organizational performance through core competencies. We argue that human capital needs other intellectual capital-based elements to constitute core competencies which finally improve and yields above average performance.

  17. Principled, Transformational Leadership: Analyzing the Discourse of Leadership in the Development of Librarianship's Core Competences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hicks, Deborah; Given, Lisa M.

    2013-01-01

    Using discourse analysis, this article explores three questions: (a) Why was "principled, transformational leadership" the leadership style added to Core Competences? (b) What was the discourse of leadership in the profession surrounding the development of the Core Competences? (c) How might this competence affect LIS education? And what measures,…

  18. Core Competencies: A Systems Approach for Training and Organizational Development in Extension

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liles, Richard T.; Mustian, R. David

    2004-01-01

    The authors present a rationale for developing core competencies for training and organizational development in extension. Core competencies are defined as "the basic knowledge, attitudes, skills, and observable behaviors that lead to excellence in the workplace." Competency-based models can be used to create an infrastructure that promotes…

  19. Family Skills for General Psychiatry Residents: Meeting ACGME Core Competency Requirements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berman, Ellen M.; Heru, Alison M.; Grunebaum, Henry; Rolland, John; Wood, Beatrice; Bruty, Heidi

    2006-01-01

    Objective: The authors discuss the knowledge, attitudes, and skills needed for a resident to be competent in supporting and working with families, as mandated by the residency review committee (RRC) core competencies. Methods: The RRC core competencies, as they relate to patients and their families, are reviewed. The Group for Advancement of…

  20. Assessment to Transform Competency-based Curricula

    OpenAIRE

    Farris, Karen B.; Demb, Ada; Janke, Kristin Kari; KELLEY, Katherine; Scott, Steven A.

    2009-01-01

    The objective of this paper was to apply Kotter's 8 steps to transforming organizations as a framework for the role of assessment in competency-based curricular reform. Two analyses were conducted including (1) environmental scan of literature about assessment in curricular reform and (2) qualitative analyses of data from a college of pharmacy which instituted curricular reform. These assessment-focused data sources were interpreted in view of Kotter's 8 steps. Creating a sense of urgency, fo...

  1. COMPETENCE ASSESSMENT: BEST PRACTICES IN EUROPEAN COUNTRIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Magdalena VELCIU

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available In the current changing environment of work, the process of competence assessment is increasingly relevant as workers gain knowledge and practical skills through fulfilling different and new working tasks and through self-education. In this context, innovative tools for competence assessment and validation are very useful for encouraging movement of individuals between jobs and from unemployment or inactivity to employment and for increasing the capacity of companies to respond and adapt to changing and challenging environments. This article presents an overview of best practices for competence assessment and validation in order to identify and select methods that have been effective in various European countries including Romania. The article concludes with a set of „learned lessons” and short recommendations in order to improve the framework of competence assessment in Romanian context. Our findings are useful for the new human resources management that aims toward efficiently usage of the workforce, inside companies and in a global labour market, encouraging flexibility and adaptability.

  2. Assessing clinical competency in the health sciences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Panzarella, Karen Joanne

    To test the success of integrated curricula in schools of health sciences, meaningful measurements of student performance are required to assess clinical competency. This research project analyzed a new performance assessment tool, the Integrated Standardized Patient Examination (ISPE), for assessing clinical competency: specifically, to assess Doctor of Physical Therapy (DPT) students' clinical competence as the ability to integrate basic science knowledge with clinical communication skills. Thirty-four DPT students performed two ISPE cases, one of a patient who sustained a stroke and the other a patient with a herniated lumbar disc. Cases were portrayed by standardized patients (SPs) in a simulated clinical setting. Each case was scored by an expert evaluator in the exam room and then by one investigator and the students themselves via videotape. The SPs scored each student on an overall encounter rubric. Written feedback was obtained from all participants in the study. Acceptable reliability was demonstrated via inter-rater agreement as well as inter-rater correlations on items that used a dichotomous scale, whereas the items requiring the use of the 4-point rubric were somewhat less reliable. For the entire scale both cases had a significant correlation between the Expert-Investigator pair of raters, for the CVA case r = .547, p process of developing cases and patient scenarios that were used in this study. Construct validity was obtained from the survey results analyzed from the experts and students. Future studies should examine the effect of rater training upon the reliability. Criterion or predictive validity could be further studied by comparing students' performances on the ISPE with other independent estimates of students' competence. The unique integration questions of the ISPE were judged to have good content validity from experts and students, suggestive that integration, a most crucial element of clinical competence, while done in the mind of the

  3. Assessing ICT Competencies among Postgraduate Students Based on the 21st Century ICT Competency Model

    OpenAIRE

    Mazalah Ahmad; Aidah Abdul Karim; Rosseni Din; Intan Safinas Mohd Ariff Albakri

    2013-01-01

    Assessing the ICT competency among Postgraduate students in the Higher Learning Institutions (HLI) is crucial. Therefore this paper presents in detail the process of developing an instrument to assess the competency in ICT which is called ICTC-Test (Information Communication Technology Competency Test). The details are on the utilization of the seven domains in the 21st Century ICT Competency Model to determine the competency level among students. The development of the items in ICTC-Test is ...

  4. Developing engineering design core competences through analysis of industrial products

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Claus Thorp; Lenau, Torben Anker

    2011-01-01

    Most product development work carried out in industrial practice is characterised by being incremental, i.e. the industrial company has had a product in production and on the market for some time, and now time has come to design a new and upgraded variant. This type of redesign project requires...... challenge in staging a course module, in which students develop knowledge, understanding and skills, which will prepare them for being able to participate in and contribute to redesign projects in industrial practice. In the course module Product Analysis and Redesign that has run for 8 years we have...... that the engineering designers have core design competences to carry through an analysis of the existing product encompassing both a user-oriented side and a technical side, as well as to synthesise solution proposals for the new and upgraded product. The authors of this paper see an educational...

  5. Integrating the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education Core competencies into the model of the clinical practice of emergency medicine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chapman, Dane M; Hayden, Stephen; Sanders, Arthur B; Binder, Louis S; Chinnis, Ann; Corrigan, Kelly; LaDuca, Tony; Dyne, Pam; Perina, Debra G; Smith-Coggins, Rebecca; Sulton, Larry; Swing, Susan

    2004-06-01

    In response to public pressure for greater accountability from the medical profession, a transformation is occurring in the approach to medical education and assessment of physician competency. Over the past 5 years, the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) has implemented the Outcomes and General Competencies projects to better ensure that physicians are appropriately trained in the knowledge and skills of their specialties. Concurrently, the American Board of Medical Specialties, including the American Board of Emergency Medicine (ABEM), has embraced the competency concept. The core competencies have been integral in ABEM's development of Emergency Medicine Continuous Certification and the development of the Model of Clinical Practice of Emergency Medicine (Model). ABEM has used the Model as a significant part of its blueprint for the written and oral certification examinations in emergency medicine and is fully supportive of the effort to more fully define and integrate the ACGME core competencies into training emergency medicine specialists. To incorporate these competencies into our specialty, an Emergency Medicine Competency Taskforce (Taskforce) was formed by the Residency Review Committee-Emergency Medicine to determine how these general competencies fit in the Model. This article represents a consensus of the Taskforce with the input of multiple organizations in emergency medicine. It provides a framework for organizations such as the Council of Emergency Medicine Residency Directors (CORD) and the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine to develop a curriculum in emergency medicine and program requirement revisions by the Residency Review Committee-Emergency Medicine. In this report, we describe the approach taken by the Taskforce to integrate the ACGME core competencies into the Model. Ultimately, as competency-based assessment is implemented in emergency medicine training, program directors, governing bodies such as the ACGME

  6. Research on the Intrinsic Relationship of Customer Value and Corporate Core Competence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ji, Guoping

    The article defined customer value and corporate core competence using induction method and described the characteristics of these two concepts. Then the author analyzed the intrinsic relationship of customer value and corporate core competence via the survey and case analysis methods. The author found that customer value was the basic point to cultivate corporate core competence which was the platform to achieve customer value. The article is of great help to provide some ideas of cultivating and developing corporate core competence based on customer value.

  7. Linguistic, sociolinguistic, and pragmatic competence as criteria in assessing vocational language skills: the case of Finland

    OpenAIRE

    Härmälä, Marita

    2010-01-01

    The content of the assessment criteria used in assessing vocationally oriented language competence in the Finnish Competency-Based Qualifications was examined. The data consisted of the National Core Curricula, eight education providers’ assessment criteria used in rating performances in the Qualification of Business and Administration, and thematic interviews conducted with 12 language teachers and four workplace experts. The data were analysed qualitatively. The results showed that on the l...

  8. Teaching Cultural Competence to Psychiatry Residents: Seven Core Concepts and Their Implications for Therapeutic Technique.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pena, Jose M; Manguno-Mire, Gina; Kinzie, Erik; Johnson, Janet E

    2016-04-01

    The authors describe the Tulane Model for teaching cultural competence to psychiatry residents in order to outline an innovative approach to curricula development in academic psychiatry. The authors focus on the didactic experience that takes place during the first and second postgraduate years and present seven core concepts that should inform the emerging clinician's thinking in the formulation of every clinical case. The authors discuss the correspondence between each core concept and the Outline for Cultural Formulation, introduced in Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM)-IV and updated in DSM-5. The authors illustrate how each of the core concepts is utilized as a guideline for teaching residents a process for eliciting culturally relevant information from their patients and their personal histories and how to apply that knowledge in the assessment and treatment of patients in clinical settings. PMID:25749919

  9. The CompHP Core Competencies Framework for Health Promotion in Europe

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barry, Margaret M.; Battel-Kirk, Barbara; Dempsey, Colette

    2012-01-01

    Background: The CompHP Project on Developing Competencies and Professional Standards for Health Promotion in Europe was developed in response to the need for new and changing health promotion competencies to address health challenges. This article presents the process of developing the CompHP Core Competencies Framework for Health Promotion across…

  10. Identification of Core Competencies for an Undergraduate Food Safety Curriculum Using a Modified Delphi Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnston, Lynette M.; Wiedmann, Martin; Orta-Ramirez, Alicia; Oliver, Haley F.; Nightingale, Kendra K.; Moore, Christina M.; Stevenson, Clinton D.; Jaykus, Lee-Ann

    2014-01-01

    Identification of core competencies for undergraduates in food safety is critical to assure courses and curricula are appropriate in maintaining a well-qualified food safety workforce. The purpose of this study was to identify and refine core competencies relevant to postsecondary food safety education using a modified Delphi method. Twenty-nine…

  11. Core Competencies Of New Drug Discovery Firms In A Local Business Network

    OpenAIRE

    Mäkinen, H

    1999-01-01

    The area covered by this paper is the development of a firm's core competence and related competitive advantage embedded in a network of relationships, but not the network's own core competence. The empirical issues are addressed in the context of small innovative drug discovery firms in the Turku district.

  12. Development of Core Competencies for Paraprofessional Nutrition Educators Who Deliver Food Stamp Nutrition Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baker, Susan S.; Pearson, Meredith; Chipman, Helen

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this project was to describe the process used for the development of core competencies for paraprofessional nutrition educators in Food Stamp Nutrition Education (FSNE). The development process included the efforts of an expert panel of state and multicounty FSNE leaders to draft the core competencies and the validation of those…

  13. Core Competencies in Advanced Training: What Supervisors Say about Graduate Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nelson, Thorana S.; Graves, Todd

    2011-01-01

    In an attempt to identify needed mental health skills, many professional organizations have or are in the process of establishing core competency standards for their professions. The AAMFT identified 128 core competencies for the independent practice of MFT. The aim of this study was to learn the opinions of AAMFT Approved Supervisors as to how…

  14. An identity crisis: the need for core competencies in undergraduate medical education

    OpenAIRE

    Jeffrey B. Russ; McKenney, Anna Sophia; Patel, Ankit B.

    2013-01-01

    A medical student perspective on the role of core competencies in undergraduate medical education in light of medical education reform associated with recent Flexner II.Keywords: undergraduate medical education; core competency; Flexner II(Published: 29 April 2013)Citation: Med Educ Online 2013, 18: 21028 - http://dx.doi.org/10.3402/meo.v18i0.21028

  15. Exploring Marriage and Family Therapy Supervisees' Perspectives about Postgraduate Supervision and the Acquisition of Core Competencies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steele, Stephanie J.

    2013-01-01

    The topic of core competencies has been a central focus in the marriage and family therapy field since 2003. There are currently no published studies from the supervisees' perspective about the role of supervision in the acquisition of core competencies. This qualitative study used transcendental phenomenology to explore supervisees' perspectives…

  16. Standardizing Assessment of Competences and Competencies of Oncology Nurses Working in Ambulatory Care.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beaver, Clara; Magnan, Morris A; Henderson, Denise; DeRose, Patricia; Carolin, Kathleen; Bepler, Gerold

    2016-01-01

    A nursing quality consortium standardized nursing practice across 17 independently functioning ambulatory oncology sites. Programs were developed to validate both competences and competencies. One program assessed nine competences needed to develop systems of care to detect and treat treatment-related side effects. A second program was developed to assess competencies needed to prevent harm to oncology patients. This manuscript describes a successful approach to standardizing nursing practice across geographically distant academic and community sites. PMID:26985750

  17. A competency transcript to assess and personalize new graduate competency.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roberts, Kathleen; Lockhart, Robin; Sportsman, Susan

    2009-01-01

    The competence of a new registered nurse (RN) at the time of graduation influences the rapidity with which the RN becomes an effective practitioner. One school of nursing offering a bachelor of science in nursing developed a competency documentation system, a "competency transcript," to better describe the graduate's clinical judgment and psychomotor skill. This transcript was used as a communication tool between a clinical agency and a university school of nursing and was also used to help one hospital personalize orientation based on the learning needs of the graduate, with the goal of decreasing orientation time and cost. PMID:19104283

  18. Quality assessment in competency based physiotherapy education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brandt, Jørgen

    2012-01-01

    monitor and improve didactics and teaching methods in alignment with these competencies. Description: This competence based assessment model for education is build on a combination of three curriculum types (Glatthorn;1987), 4 levels of evaluation (KirkPatrick;1998) and single and double loop learning...... connection is evaluated according to the learning level. One perspective of the learning level concerns tests and exams, where the student is being evaluated by teachers in formal settings. Another perspective is covered through a process, where the student evaluates her self, by marking her own judgement of......, managers, course coordinators and teachers with information at the level of premises, in relation to the development of the written curriculum and the institutional framework supporting the education. In this way the three curriculum types are interconnected through 4 levels of evaluation and single and...

  19. Competency assessments for nuclear industry personnel

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In 1996, the IAEA published Technical Reports Series No. 380, Nuclear Power Plant Personnel Training and its Evaluation: A Guidebook. This publication provides guidance for the development, implementation and evaluation of training programmes for all nuclear power plant personnel using the systematic approach to training (SAT) methodology. The SAT methodology has since been adopted and used for the development and implementation of training programmes for all types of nuclear facility and activities in the nuclear industry. The IAEA Technical Working Group on Training and Qualification of Nuclear Power Plant Personnel recommended that an additional publication be prepared to provide further guidance concerning competency assessments used for measuring the knowledge, skills and attitudes of personnel as the result of training. This publication has been prepared in response to that recommendation. A critical component of SAT (as part of the implementation phase) is the assessment of whether personnel have achieved the standards identified in the training objectives. The nuclear industry spends a significant amount of resources conducting competency assessments. Competency assessments are used for employee selection, trainee assessment, qualification, requalification and authorization (in some Member States the terminology may be 'certification' or 'licensing'), and job advancement and promotion. Ineffective testing methods and procedures, or inappropriate interpretation of test results, can have significant effects on both human performance and nuclear safety. Test development requires unique skills and, as with any skill, training and experience are needed to develop and improve them. Test item and examination development, use, interpretation of results and examination refinement, like all other aspects of SAT, should be part of an ongoing, systematic process. This publication is primarily intended for use by personnel responsible for developing and administering

  20. Assessment to transform competency-based curricula.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farris, Karen B; Demb, Ada; Janke, Kristin Kari; Kelley, Katherine; Scott, Steven A

    2009-12-17

    The objective of this paper was to apply Kotter's 8 steps to transforming organizations as a framework for the role of assessment in competency-based curricular reform. Two analyses were conducted including (1) environmental scan of literature about assessment in curricular reform and (2) qualitative analyses of data from a college of pharmacy which instituted curricular reform. These assessment-focused data sources were interpreted in view of Kotter's 8 steps. Creating a sense of urgency, forming a powerful guiding coalition, creating a vision and creating short-term wins were the 4 steps most evident in the literature. In the case study, creating a sense of urgency, forming a powerful guiding coalition, creating short-term wins, consolidating improvements, and producing additional change were most important. The case study also indicated that (a) the history or climate of the institution in dealing with change, and (b) involving individuals with specific expertise as part of the leadership group were also important. Recommendations (PREPARE) were developed. Assessment is an enabling and valuable element in each stage of curricular transformation when guided by Kotter's model. PMID:20221351

  1. Assessing Multicultural Competence of Helping-Profession Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hladik, Jakub

    2016-01-01

    In this article, I focus on assessing multicultural competence of helping-profession students. The "Multicultural Competence Scale of Helping-Profession Students" was used for data collection. The aim of the research was to find out the level of students' multicultural competence due to the current lack of this information in Central…

  2. Assessing Competencies in a Master of Science in Clinical Research Program: The Comprehensive Competency Review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robinson, Georgeanna F W B; Moore, Charity G; McTigue, Kathleen M; Rubio, Doris M; Kapoor, Wishwa N

    2015-12-01

    Competencies in Master of Science Clinical Research programs are becoming increasingly common. However, students and programs can only benefit fully from competency-based education if students' competence is formally assessed. Prior to a summative assessment, students must have at least one formative, formal assessment to be sure they are developing competence appropriate for their stage of training. This paper describes the comprehensive competency review (CCR), a milestone for MS students in Clinical Research at the University of Pittsburgh's Institute for Clinical Research Education. The CCR involves metacognitive reflection of the student's learning as a whole, written evidence of each competency, a narrative explaining the choice of evidence for demonstrating competencies, and a meeting in which two faculty members review the evidence and solicit further oral evidence of competence. CCRs allow for individualized feedback at the midpoint in degree programs, providing students with confidence that they will have the means and strategies to develop competence in all areas by the summative assessment of competence at their thesis defense. CCRs have also provided programmatic insight on the need for curricular revisions and additions. These benefits outweigh the time cost on the part of students and faculty in the CCR process. PMID:26332763

  3. Clinical Oral Examinations: Assessment of Competency in Radiation Therapy

    OpenAIRE

    Leech, Michelle; POOLE, CLAIRE; CRAIG, AGNELLA; COFFEY, MARY ANNE; NI CHUINNEAGAIN, SIOBHAN

    2009-01-01

    Matching assessment strategies to learning outcomes in radiation therapy education is of the utmost importance. Assessing clinical competence requires that `competence? be clearly defined prior to the start of any clinical programme. In this article, we report on our experience in using clinical oral examinations in assessing competence in second year undergraduate radiation therapy students. The shortcomings of clinical oral examinations such as `leaking? of the agenda are addressed and more...

  4. A Consensus Definition and Core Competencies for Being an Advocate for Pharmacy

    OpenAIRE

    Bzowyckyj, Andrew S.; Janke, Kristin K.

    2013-01-01

    Objective. To develop a consensus definition for “advocacy for the profession of pharmacy” and core competencies for doctor of pharmacy (PharmD) graduates to be effective advocates for the profession.

  5. An international perspective on common core competencies for occupational physicians: a modified Delphi study

    OpenAIRE

    Lalloo, Drushca; Demou, Evangelia; Kiran, Sibel; Cloeren, Mariane; Mendes, Réne; Macdonald, Ewan B

    2016-01-01

    Objectives: The competencies required of occupational physicians (OPs) have been the subject of peer-reviewed research in Europe and individual countries around the world. In the European Union (EU), there has been development of guidance on training and common competencies, but little research has extended beyond this. The aim of this study was to obtain consensus on and identify the common core competencies required of OPs around the world. Methods: A modified Delphi study was carried o...

  6. International perspective on common core competencies for occupational physicians: a modified Delphi study

    OpenAIRE

    Lalloo, Drushca; Demou, Evangelia; KIRAN, Sibel; Cloeren, Mariane; Mendes, Réne; Macdonald, Ewan B

    2016-01-01

    Objectives: The competencies required of occupational physicians (OPs) have been the subject of peer-reviewed research in Europe and individual countries around the world. In the European Union (EU), there has been development of guidance on training and common competencies, but little research has extended beyond this. The aim of this study was to obtain consensus on and identify the common core competencies required of OPs around the world. Methods: A modified Delphi study was carried o...

  7. Preservice Teachers and Self-Assessing Digital Competence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maderick, Joseph A.; Zhang, Shaoan; Hartley, Kendall; Marchand, Gwen

    2016-01-01

    This study compares matched surveys of subjective self-assessment and objective assessment on seven domains of digital competence for preservice teachers at a large Southwest public university. The results, consistent with earlier studies, confirm that the participating preservice teachers inaccurately self-assessed their digital competence. The…

  8. Peer and Self-Assessment of Teamwork Collaboration Competencies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Maribo, Peder

    2015-01-01

    competencies of each student are, however, very difficult to assess for external supervisors not being part of the team. As a consequence, a model for peer and self-assessment of this competence was included as a central part of the course assessment. Each team of 4 persons had a facilitated process of making...

  9. Measuring Students' Self-Perceived Competence in Home Economics Core Areas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Frances M.

    1990-01-01

    Using the self-efficacy concept from Bandura's social learning theory, researchers developed an instrument to measure students' self-perceived competence in home economics core areas. Administration to all graduate students at a midwestern university during 1982-88 verified eight original competence areas and added a ninth. (SK)

  10. Application of nursing core competency standard education in the training of nursing undergraduates

    OpenAIRE

    Fang-qin Wu; Yan-ling Wang; Ying Wu; Ming Guo

    2014-01-01

    Purpose: To evaluate the effectiveness of nursing core competency standard education in undergraduate nursing training. Methods: Forty-two nursing undergraduates from the class of 2007 were recruited as the control group receiving conventional teaching methods, while 31 students from the class of 2008 were recruited as the experimental group receiving nursing core competency standard education. Teaching outcomes were evaluated using comprehensive theoretical knowledge examination and objec...

  11. Pedagogical Conditions of University Students Professional Core Competencies Formation in the Process of Humanitarian Training

    OpenAIRE

    Alsu R. Nabiyeva; Yuliya L. Kamasheva; Elikanida P. Mutavchi; Albina N. Kudyasheva; Alfiya M. Ishmuradova; Nina D. Apraksina; Vera V. Murugova

    2015-01-01

    The development of university students’ professional core competencies today is one of the urgent problems in their humanitarian training. It is advisable to take into consideration the core competencies as a new unit of measurement in humanitarian education of a student – a future specialist, focusing on pedagogical conditions of their formation and results of learning process, which are considered not as the amount of learned knowledge, skills, but humanitarian ability to use this knowledge...

  12. The BRAIN Initiative Provides a Unifying Context for Integrating Core STEM Competencies into a Neurobiology Course

    OpenAIRE

    Schaefer, Jennifer E.

    2016-01-01

    The Brain Research through Advancing Innovative Neurotechnologies (BRAIN) Initiative introduced by the Obama Administration in 2013 presents a context for integrating many STEM competencies into undergraduate neuroscience coursework. The BRAIN Initiative core principles overlap with core STEM competencies identified by the AAAS Vision and Change report and other entities. This neurobiology course utilizes the BRAIN Initiative to serve as the unifying theme that facilitates a primary emphasis ...

  13. Core Competencies in Vocational Welder Worker: Based on Thai Welding Industry Participator Perceptions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pakamas Choosit

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available A core competency facilitates the identification of training needs and guides the design of a professional development program. Thus, this research was to explore and examine the core competencies in vocational welder worker based on Thai welding industry participator perceptions. To synthesize core competencies first used the focus group technique with 17 experts to identify their perspectives on core competencies in vocational welder worker. After that competencies questionnaire survey was developed to collect data from a participator sample consist of , 206 welding industry participators. Research methods were applied to collect quantitative data using questionnaires, forms, interviews, discussion groups and workshops. The resulting analysis revealed that the main elements of the competencies in vocational welder worker could be divided into three core competencies categories, namely: 1 The knowledge and skills generally: Basic skills and Information technology skills 2 The knowledge and skills specific: Process of connection and control, Welding process design, Metal structuring, The selection of proper welding process, Welding control, Inspection and testing process piece, Drawing and design product, Handmade sheet metal product, Produce and control manufacturing, and Pipe installation 3 The attitude: Personalities and human relation.

  14. Identification of Pediatric Oral Health Core Competencies through Interprofessional Education and Practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hallas, D; Fernandez, J B; Herman, N G; Moursi, A

    2015-01-01

    Over the past seven years, the Department of Pediatric Dentistry at New York University College of Dentistry (NYUCD) and the Advanced Practice: Pediatrics and the Pediatric Nurse Practitioner (PNP) program at New York University College of Nursing (NYUCN) have engaged in a program of formal educational activities with the specific goals of advancing interprofessional education, evidence-based practice, and interprofessional strategies to improve the oral-systemic health of infants and young children. Mentoring interprofessional students in all health care professions to collaboratively assess, analyze, and care-manage patients demands that faculty reflect on current practices and determine ways to enhance the curriculum to include evidence-based scholarly activities, opportunities for interprofessional education and practice, and interprofessional socialization. Through the processes of interprofessional education and practice, the pediatric nursing and dental faculty identified interprofessional performance and affective oral health core competencies for all dental and pediatric primary care providers. Students demonstrated achievement of interprofessional core competencies, after completing the interprofessional educational clinical practice activities at Head Start programs that included interprofessional evidence-based collaborative practice, case analyses, and presentations with scholarly discussions that explored ways to improve the oral health of diverse pediatric populations. The goal of improving the oral health of all children begins with interprofessional education that lays the foundations for interprofessional practice. PMID:25653873

  15. Identification of Pediatric Oral Health Core Competencies through Interprofessional Education and Practice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. Hallas

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Over the past seven years, the Department of Pediatric Dentistry at New York University College of Dentistry (NYUCD and the Advanced Practice: Pediatrics and the Pediatric Nurse Practitioner (PNP program at New York University College of Nursing (NYUCN have engaged in a program of formal educational activities with the specific goals of advancing interprofessional education, evidence-based practice, and interprofessional strategies to improve the oral-systemic health of infants and young children. Mentoring interprofessional students in all health care professions to collaboratively assess, analyze, and care-manage patients demands that faculty reflect on current practices and determine ways to enhance the curriculum to include evidence-based scholarly activities, opportunities for interprofessional education and practice, and interprofessional socialization. Through the processes of interprofessional education and practice, the pediatric nursing and dental faculty identified interprofessional performance and affective oral health core competencies for all dental and pediatric primary care providers. Students demonstrated achievement of interprofessional core competencies, after completing the interprofessional educational clinical practice activities at Head Start programs that included interprofessional evidence-based collaborative practice, case analyses, and presentations with scholarly discussions that explored ways to improve the oral health of diverse pediatric populations. The goal of improving the oral health of all children begins with interprofessional education that lays the foundations for interprofessional practice.

  16. Predictability of Competing Measures of Core Inflation: An Application for Peru Predictability of Competing Measures of Core Inflation: An Application for Peru

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis F. Zegarra

    1999-03-01

    Full Text Available A central element of an inflation targeting approach to monetary policy is a proper measure of inflation. The international evidence suggests the use of core inflation measures. In this paper we claim that core inflation should be measured as the underlying trend of inflation that comes from nominal shocks that have no real effect in the long term. However, most of the time core inflation is computed zero weighting observations at the tail of the inflation distribution. Quah and Vahey (1996 proposed a method of computing core inflation imposing theory restrictions to a SVAR specification. In this paper we present estimation for Peruvian data and compare the predictability properties of competing measures of inflation following an idea of Diebold and Killian (1997. A central element of an inflation targeting approach to monetary policy is a proper measure of inflation. The international evidence suggests the use of core inflation measures. In this paper we claim that core inflation should be measured as the underlying trend of inflation that comes from nominal shocks that have no real effect in the long term. However, most of the time core inflation is computed zero weighting observations at the tail of the inflation distribution. Quah and Vahey (1996 proposed a method of computing core inflation imposing theory restrictions to a SVAR specification. In this paper we present estimation for Peruvian data and compare the predictability properties of competing measures of inflation following an idea of Diebold and Killian (1997.

  17. Assessing ICT Competencies among Postgraduate Students Based on the 21st Century ICT Competency Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mazalah Ahmad

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Assessing the ICT competency among Postgraduate students in the Higher Learning Institutions (HLI is crucial. Therefore this paper presents in detail the process of developing an instrument to assess the competency in ICT which is called ICTC-Test (Information Communication Technology Competency Test. The details are on the utilization of the seven domains in the 21st Century ICT Competency Model to determine the competency level among students. The development of the items in ICTC-Test is based on the application of the performance-based assessment and the task-based assessment. The assessment of ICT competency using ICTC-Test is different compared to existing instruments where ICTC-Test changes the focus in assessing the competency in ICT from the ability to use and maintain the hardware, software and network to competency in ICT that includes technical ability and cognitive skills. Moreover, ICTC-Test also integrates the five generic skills highlighted in MQF which are critical thinking skill, problem solving skill, information technology and communication skill, communication and management skill.

  18. A psychometric approach to supervisory competency assessment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Vorster

    2003-10-01

    Full Text Available The primary purpose of this study was to evaluate the possibility of using a psychometric approach for assessing supervisory competencies relevant to the mining and refining environment. The competency questionnaire was developed using supervisory roles and registered supervisory unit standards from the United Kingdom (UK, as no registered unit standards exist in South Africa. Twenty-four supervisors from three departments (Production, Engineering and Laboratory were evaluated by 125 raters; besides by themselves, also by their managers, peers, customers and their sub-ordinates. Based on difference scores derived from the Importance and Performance scales, a single factor was extracted with an internal reliability of 0,965. No statistical significant differences were obtained (ANOVA’s, t-test and F-statistics between groups based on biographical variables or between rater groups. The findings and their implications are further discussed. Opsomming Die primêre doel van die studie was om die moontlikheid vir die gebruik van ’n psigometriese benadering tot toesighouerbevoegdheidsbeoordeling, te evalueer. Die bevoegdheidsvraelys is ontwikkel deur gebruik te maak van toesighouersrolle en geregistreerde toesighouerseenheidstandaarde van die Verenigde Koningkryk, as gevolg van ‘n gebrek aan bestaande eenheidstandaarde in Suid-Afrika. Vier-en-twintig toesighouers van drie departemente (Produksie, Ingenieurswese en Laboratorium is deur 125 beoordelaars geëvalueer; buiten deur hulself, ook deur hul bestuurders, kollegas, kliënte en hul ondergeskiktes. ’n Enkele faktor, met ’n betroubaarheid van 0,965, gebaseer op die verskiltellings van die Prestasie- en Belangrikheidskaal, is onttrek. Geen beduidende verskille (ANOVA’s, t-toetse en F-statistiek kon tussen groepe gebaseer op biografiese veranderlikes en die onderskeie beoordelaarsgroepe gevind word nie. Hierdie bevindinge en die implikasies daarvan word verder bespreek.

  19. A proposal for generic competence assessment in a serious game

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María José Bezanilla

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper focuses on the design of a serious game for the teaching and assessment of generic competences, placing particular emphasis on the competences assessment aspect. Taking into account important aspects of competence assessment such as context, feedback and transparency, among other aspects, and using the University of Deusto's Generic Competences Assessment Model based on the defining of levels, indicators and descriptors as a reference point, a serious game has been designed for the development and evaluation of two Generic Competences: Problem Solving and Entrepreneurship, aimed at final-year undergraduate and first-year postgraduate students. The design process shows that having a Competence Assessment Model based on levels, indicators and descriptors is of great help in defining the game's scenarios and learning and assessment activities. Serious games can also be excellent resources to help in the development and assessment of generic competences, but not as a unique tool, since the concept of competence in itself is highly complex (integrating knowledge, skills, attitudes and values and some elements might require other methods and techniques for its development. It also reveals the difficulties of evaluating competences in general and through serious games in particular.

  20. Facilitating creativity as a core competence in Engineering Education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersson, P.; Onarheim, Balder

    2015-01-01

    In Engineering Education (EE) there is a growing emphasis on providing students with skills and competences within innovation and entrepreneurship. This development has emerged from an identified need for establishment of new enterprises, creation of new possibilities for employment and to......, and design competences in EE [1]. Still it is well known that there is inertia in Engineering Education to develop new structures and traditions in teaching and learning [2]. In the whole education system there is a growing interest in creative engagement of pupils and students, and the body of...

  1. The Use of ICT for the Assessment of Key Competences

    OpenAIRE

    REDECKER CHRISTINE

    2012-01-01

    This report assesses current trends in the area of ICT for learning and assessment in view of their value for supporting the assessment of Key Competences. Based on an extensive review of the literature, it provides an overview of current ICT-enabled assessment practices, with a particular focus on more recent developments that support the holistic assessment of Key Competences for Lifelong Learning in Europe. The report presents a number of relevant cases, discusses the potential of emerging...

  2. Formation of core competencies in the process of learning schoolchildren

    OpenAIRE

    TURKENOV TALGAT; ZHAPANOVA RIZA

    2016-01-01

    Essences, structure, functions of process of development of competence of schoolchildren are exposed, planning methods and pedagogical terms are presented. Discloses a general training and skills and their combination provides a reliable basis for further training of pupils cognitive activity, they determine the acquisition of deep and tight knowledge.

  3. Identifying Core Mobile Learning Faculty Competencies Based Integrated Approach: A Delphi Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elbarbary, Rafik Said

    2015-01-01

    This study is based on the integrated approach as a concept framework to identify, categorize, and rank a key component of mobile learning core competencies for Egyptian faculty members in higher education. The field investigation framework used four rounds Delphi technique to determine the importance rate of each component of core competencies…

  4. Designing Class Activities to Meet Specific Core Training Competencies: A Developmental Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guth, Lorraine J.; McDonnell, Kelly A.

    2004-01-01

    This article presents a developmental model for designing and utilizing class activities to meet specific Association for Specialists in Group Work (ASGW) core training competencies for group workers. A review of the relevant literature about teaching group work and meeting core training standards is provided. The authors suggest a process by…

  5. Students Explaining Science--Assessment of Science Communication Competence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kulgemeyer, Christoph; Schecker, Horst

    2013-01-01

    Science communication competence (SCC) is an important educational goal in the school science curricula of several countries. However, there is a lack of research about the structure and the assessment of SCC. This paper specifies the theoretical framework of SCC by a competence model. We developed a qualitative assessment method for SCC that is…

  6. Competing risk theory and radiation risk assessment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    New statistical procedures are applied to estimate cumulative distribution functions (c.d.f.), force of mortality, and latent period for radiation-induced malignancies. It is demonstrated that correction for competing risks influences the shape of dose response curves, estimates of the latent period, and of the risk from ionizing radiations. The equivalence of the following concepts is demonstrated: force of mortality, hazard rate, and age or time specific incidence. This equivalence makes it possible to use procedures from reliability analysis and demography for radiation risk assessment. Two methods used by reliability analysts - hazard plotting and total time on test plots - are discussed in some detail and applied to characterize the hazard rate in radiation carcinogenesis. C.d.f.'s with increasing, decreasing, or constant hazard rate have different shapes and are shown to yield different dose-response curves for continuous irradiation. Absolute risk is shown to be a sound estimator only if the force of mortality is constant for the exposed and the control group. Dose-response relationships that use the absolute risk as a measure for the effect turn out to be special cases of dose-response relationships that measure the effect with cumulative incidence. (H.K.)

  7. Validation of core competencies during residency training in anaesthesiology

    OpenAIRE

    Spies, Claudia; Vargas Hein, Ortrud; Knigge, Michel; Rehberg, Benno; Ortwein, Heiderose

    2011-01-01

    Background and goal: Curriculum development for residency training is increasingly challenging in times of financial restrictions and time limitations. Several countries have adopted the CanMEDS framework for medical education as a model into their curricula of specialty training. The purpose of the present study was to validate the competency goals, as derived from CanMEDS, of the Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine of the Berlin Charité University Medical Centre, by co...

  8. [Current state of competence assessment in nursing].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Darmann-Finck, Ingrid; Reuschenbach, Bernd

    2013-01-01

    Competency measurement is central to the optimisation of outcome oriented educational processes in nursing, similar to the concept of evidence based practice. The classification of measurement tools provides the basis for describing the current state of research and development in relation to competence measurement in nursing science, and any gaps are identified. The article concludes with questioning the importance of outcome oriented quality orientation in order to achieve an increase in quality during training. Further methodological developments and qualitative studies are needed to examine the context specific processes of interaction and learning, beyond competence diagnostics. PMID:23415340

  9. Assessing continued competency through simulation: A call for stringent action.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Decker, Sharon; Utterback, Virginia Ann; Thomas, Mary Beth; Mitchell, Melinda; Sportsman, Susan

    2011-01-01

    This article proposes that simulation has potential as a method to validate critical and reflective thinking skills and continued competency of registered nurses. The authors recognize the challenges and benefits for using simulation in assessing competency. Furthermore, the authors stress that the potential use of simulation in competency testing cannot be achieved until educators and researchers acquire the specific knowledge and skills to make informed decisions and recommend policy. PMID:21667795

  10. Assessing Pragmatic Competence Of L2 Learners

    OpenAIRE

    Kusevska, Marija; Ulanska, Tatjana; Ivanovska, Biljana; Daskalovska, Nina; Mitkovska, Liljana

    2015-01-01

    Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to explore the components of pragmatic competence for L2 learners. Developing pragmatic competence in a second/foreign language has been addressed in many articles and publications on cross-cultural and interlanguage pragmatics (Bardovi-Harlig, 1999; Barron, 2003; Blum-Kulka, House, & Kasper, 1989; Cohen & Ishihara, 2005; Ishihara & Cohen, 2010; Kasper & Blum-Kulka, 1993; McConachy & Hata, 2013; Trosborg, 2010; Wigglesworth & Y...

  11. Competing Models of Librarianship: Do Core Values Make a Difference?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weissinger, Thomas

    2003-01-01

    Librarianship's worldview or philosophy preconditions understanding of ideas such as core value, diversity, and equity. Adherents to the orthodox version of this worldview restrict minority interests while aspiring to become a scientific profession. Those in favor of a modified version of the worldview support cultural diversity and non-positivist…

  12. Competing for space: female chimpanzees are more aggressive inside than outside their core areas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Jordan A; Pusey, Anne E; Gilby, Ian C; Schroepfer-Walker, Kara; Markham, A Catherine; Murray, Carson M

    2014-01-01

    Female space use can have important fitness consequences, which are likely due to differential access to food resources. Many studies have explored spatial competition in solitary species, but little is known about how individuals in social species compete over shared space. In this study, we investigate spatial patterns of aggression among female East African chimpanzees, Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii. This species provides an excellent opportunity to study spatial competition since (1) female chimpanzees occupy overlapping core areas (small areas of the community range in which individuals concentrate their space use) and (2) female core area quality is correlated with reproductive success, suggesting that females compete over long-term access to core areas. Here, we examine how female aggression towards other females varies inside and outside individual female core areas during a 14-year period at Gombe National Park, Tanzania. Overall, females showed higher rates of aggression inside than outside their own core areas. This pattern was driven by spatial variation in aggression in nonfeeding contexts. While food-related aggression did not vary spatially, females were more aggressive in nonfeeding contexts inside their core areas than they were outside their core areas. These results suggest that female chimpanzees follow a mixed strategy in which they compete for long-term access to resources in their core areas as well as for immediate access to food throughout the community range. PMID:24436495

  13. On the Assessment of Emotions and Emotional Competencies

    OpenAIRE

    Fontaine, Johnny J.R; Vanheule S

    2011-01-01

    The idea to devote a special issue on the Assessment of Emotional Functioning and Emotional Competence arose during the preparation of the 10th European Conference on Psychological Assessment that took place from the 16th until 19th September 2009 in Ghent. The conference theme was "The assessment of emotions and emotional competencies". Emotions have become a cross-cutting theme of research across theoretical and applied domains in psychology. The academic interest is especially voiced by sc...

  14. Friday Forum and the AICPA Core Competency Framework: Honing Students' Personal Competencies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Grace F.

    2013-01-01

    This paper shares one learning technique for honing undergraduate students' personal competencies. The senior accounting capstone course at a small Midwestern private liberal college includes a weekly seminar series, called the Friday Forum, where students and practitioners meet to discuss a current professional accounting article. Since Spring…

  15. Developing core competencies for monitoring and evaluation tracks in South Asian MPH programs

    OpenAIRE

    Negandhi, Himanshu; Negandhi, Preeti; Tiwari, Ritika; Sharma, Anjali; Zodpey, Sanjay; Kulatilaka, Hemali; Tikyani, Sangeeta

    2015-01-01

    Background Monitoring and evaluation (M&E) provides vital information for decision-making and its structures, systems and processes are expected to be integrated throughout the life-cycle of public health programs. The acquisition of these skills should be developed in a structured manner and needs educational systems to identify core competencies in M&E teaching. This article presents our work on harmonizing M&E competencies for Masters level programs in the South Asian context and undertaki...

  16. Recommendations for Training in Pediatric Psychology: Defining Core Competencies Across Training Levels

    OpenAIRE

    Palermo, Tonya M.; Janicke, David M; McQuaid, Elizabeth L.; Mullins, Larry L.; Robins, Paul M.; Wu, Yelena P.

    2014-01-01

    Objective As a field, pediatric psychology has focused considerable efforts on the education and training of students and practitioners. Alongside a broader movement toward competency attainment in professional psychology and within the health professions, the Society of Pediatric Psychology commissioned a Task Force to establish core competencies in pediatric psychology and address the need for contemporary training recommendations. Methods The Task Force adapted the framework proposed by th...

  17. APN Core Competencies: A Framework for Developing and Testing an APN Discharge Intervention

    OpenAIRE

    Cooke, Liz; Gemmill, Robin; Grant, Marcia

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to describe evidenced-based interventions as implemented by Advanced Practice Nurses (APN) conducting intervention research with a vulnerable population of blood and marrow transplant patients. In addition, each of the six core competencies of the APN role identified by Hamric are outlined and applied using a patient case study. These competencies are the following: direct clinical practice, expert coaching and advice, consultation, research skills, clinical and p...

  18. Core competence and dominant logic: contributions to the analysis of merger and acquisition process

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelo Pereira Binder

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Mergers and acquisitions are one of the most important strategic decisions a company can take. In the 1980s and 1990s, mergers and acquisitions have occurred in large numbers of companies and several theories have been developed to explain the phenomenon. However, most of these theories are related to the financial area. But, non-quantifiable aspects, such as core competencies and dominant logic, have been relegated to the background. Identified this gap, this paper proposes the inclusion of the concept of core competence and dominant logic as an analytical tool to validate a merger process. To do so, this article has rescued the discussion of these concepts in the business strategy field and a case that did not achieve the proposed goals with the merger was examined from this perspective. The result evidence that the adoption of the concepts of core competence and dominant logic helps explain a new insights with the merger process.

  19. Regulatory body core competencies: when should a regulator contract a TSO?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The main nuclear regulatory functions are authorization, safety review and assessment, inspection and enforcement and development of regulations and guides. Additionally, the following supplementary functions may be executed by the regulatory body: research and development, emergency response and international cooperation. In order to function properly, the regulatory body should also have the following support functions: general management, logistics, training, communication and information, information technology support, institutional relationship, internal controls and audits, ombudsman and legal support. Technical Support Organizations (TSOs) may assist the regulatory body in meeting the challenges in a rapid growing and changing environment. Specially when there is a temporary need for a wider technical expertise diversity, short time to finish a project or when the cost of developing and maintaining infrastructure of their own laboratories for analysis and research is too high and may deviate the focus on the regulator's mission. Decision on the 'size' of the regulatory body and on what can be contracted to a Technical Support Organization (TSO) depends on the resources and capabilities needed to fulfil the regulatory functions efficiently. It is important to establish the core competencies that must be at the regulatory body, keeping the focus on the regulatory goals and define the real need to contract a TSO, weighting the benefits and disadvantages. As a contribution to the definition of the regulatory core competencies, the paper discusses what is essential to be kept at the regulatory body and what can be delegated to a TSO; how to manage and control the work of the TSO; the cost effectiveness of contracting, sharing of tacit knowledge; how to handle eventual conflicts between the parties involved in the licensing process; contract types and risk evaluation, concerning the dependence on a TSO, eventual change of partners and the intellectual capital

  20. Implementation of Mock Competency Skill Assessments to Improve Student Outcomes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Payne, Camille; Ziegler, M Penny; Baughman, Diana M; Jones, Jackie

    2015-01-01

    A primary responsibility for nurse educators is to provide students with theoretical knowledge and clinical skills for professional nursing. In this study, laboratory faculty developed a creative pedagogical strategy to reduce nursing student stress during assessment of skill performance. Mock competencies were structured so that students participated in peer-to-peer evaluations in simulated competency assessments. The purpose of this study was to determine whether this pedagogical strategy had an impact on first-round pass rates for skills competency assessments. PMID:25950797

  1. The Comfort of Competence and the Uncertainty of Assessment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Griffin, Patrick

    2007-01-01

    This article argues that a "probabilistic" interpretation of competence can provide the basis for a link between assessment, teaching and learning, curriculum resources and policy development. Competence is regarded as a way of interpreting the quality of performance in a coherent series of hierarchical tasks. The work of Glaser is combined with…

  2. Defining and Assessing Generic Competencies in Australian Universities: Ongoing Challenges

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chapman, Elaine; O'Neill, Marnie

    2010-01-01

    In this paper, we discuss ongoing challenges in defining and assessing generic competencies in Australian universities. The paper begins with a discussion of factors that led to, and later fuelled, the focus on generic competencies in Australian higher education. Broad constructs that have underpinned research and practice in the field are then…

  3. Electronic Rubrics to Assess Competences in ICT Subjects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rivas, Manuela Raposo; De La Serna, Manuel Cebrian; Martinez-Figueira, Esther

    2014-01-01

    Helping students to acquire specific competences is nowadays one of the basic pillars of university teaching; therefore its evaluation and accreditation is of key importance. As of late, rubrics and in particular electronic rubrics (e-rubrics) have become an important resource to assess competences and guide students in their learning processes.…

  4. Identifying the core competence as a key requirement for business model innovation. The case of Airlines as a service industry

    OpenAIRE

    Nair, Sujith Krishnan Suchithra; Paulose, Hanna; Palacios Fernández, Miguel; Tafur Segura, José Javier

    2012-01-01

    Core competencies form the basis of an organization’s skills and the basic element of a successful strategic execution. Identifying and strengthening the core competencies enhances flexibility thereby strategically positioning a firm for responding to competition in the dynamic marketplace and can be the difference in quality among firms that follow the same business model. A correct understanding of the concept of business models, employing the right core competencies, organizing them ef...

  5. A Model for the Development and Implementation of Core Competencies in Restaurant Companies for Superior Financial Performance

    OpenAIRE

    de Chabert, Jacqueline M. IV

    1998-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to identify whether firms that implement and develop core competencies perform significantly better than firms that do not. A model of core competency implementation and development in restaurant firms was developed and tested in three casual dining restaurant firms. The amount of co-alignment in the core competency process was compared to financial performance. Results indicated that firms that had a greater amount of alignment performed better. The highest p...

  6. BASICS: Building a System to Ingrain Core Competencies within Students

    OpenAIRE

    Dorran, David

    2010-01-01

    The aim of the project is to develop a system which will promote a solid knowledge of programmes’ “core competencies” amongst students. This will be achieved by building a set of online quizzes which students will undertake on a regular basis throughout the delivery of programme modules. Quizzes will include feedback with links to web-based activities/information to help students develop their understanding.

  7. Assessing the ACEJMC Professional Values and Competencies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Christ, William G.; Henderson, Jennifer J.

    2014-01-01

    The accrediting body for media education, the Accrediting Council on Education in Journalism and Mass Communications (ACEJMC), has established twelve professional values and competencies that all students must demonstrate before graduating from accredited journalism and mass communication programs. A close reading suggests that these twelve…

  8. Influence Factors and Improvement Recommendations for Core Competency of Township Enterprises

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chengjun; ZHANG

    2014-01-01

    Core competency of township enterprises may be influenced from the property right,technology,scale operation,financial management and talent. In view of these influence factors,township enterprises should conduct technological innovation,bring into full play functions of talents,promote corporate culture of township enterprises,attach great importance to development of core products and innovation of relevant systems,and establish market information platform for township enterprises.

  9. Core competencies necessary for a managerial psycho-educational training programme for business team coaches

    OpenAIRE

    Jeanette E. Maritz; Marie Poggenpoel; Chris P.H. Myburgh

    2009-01-01

    The objective of this research was to explore and describe core competencies necessary for a managerial psycho-educational training programme for business team coaches. The total number of participants in this qualitative research was 30. A purposive and snowball sampling strategy was used. Triangulation was achieved through focus groups, in-depth individual interviews and naïve sketches. Data were analysed through an open inductive approach and descriptive analysis. The results describe core...

  10. Implementation of a nursing competency assessment system in public hospitals

    OpenAIRE

    Alonso Pérez, Laura; Landeta Rodríguez, Jon

    2014-01-01

    Numerous problems are frequently observed when nursing competency assessment systems (NCAS) are implemented. How to effectively implement a nursing competency assessment system, according to academic and practical contributions, is poorly reported in the literature. The purpose of this paper is to present a set of recommendations for public hospitals and nursing management in order to facilitate the implementation of a NCAS. To achieve this objective we have revised the existing literature an...

  11. The Principalship: Essential Core Competencies for Instructional Leadership and Its Impact on School Climate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ross, Dorrell J.; Cozzens, Jeffry A.

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this quantitative study was to investigate teachers' perceptions of principals' leadership behaviors influencing the schools' climate according to Green's (2010) ideologies of the 13 core competencies within the four dimensions of principal leadership. Data from the "Leadership Behavior Inventory" (Green, 2014) suggest 314…

  12. The Theoretical Connotation and Systematic Essence of Core Competence of Agricultural High-tech Enterprises

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    Six representative interpretations about the core competence of the corporate proposed by the researchers both at home and abroad from different perspectives are introduced,which includes "Resource theory","Capacity theory","Integration theory of assets and mechanism","Theory of consumer surplus","Theory of institutions and systems" and "Theory of innovation". It is pointed out that although these interpretations play an active role in enriching the theory of core competence,it still faces the problems to further deepen these interpretations:the first problem is how to give a precise definition;the second is about its extension;the third is on the logical and practical relationship between the production mechanism and its sustainable competitive advantages;the fourth is the problems in the production process and the corresponding management. Both the systematic essence and features of core competence are introduced:the first is the system self-organization process produced within the corporate;the second is the interaction between corporate system and environment;it needs a growing and evolution process. This paper briefly describes the essence of core competence of agricultural high-tech corporate,introduces its five features including systematicness,integration,non-imitation,ductility and non-equilibrium,and finally explains its component parts,mainly including corporate culture system,technological innovation system,human resource system,management capability system,corporate production and marketing system,financial capability system and adaptability system.

  13. 78 FR 43921 - Solicitation for a Cooperative Agreement-Core Competencies for Corrections Learning and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-22

    ... National Institute of Corrections Solicitation for a Cooperative Agreement--Core Competencies for... of Justice. ACTION: Solicitation for a Cooperative Agreement. SUMMARY: The National Institute of... cooperative agreement for a 12-month period to begin no later than September 15, 2013. Work under...

  14. A Practical Approach to Implementing the Core Competencies in a Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Residency Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dingle, Arden D.; Sexson, Sandra B.

    2007-01-01

    Objective: The authors describe the development and implementation of the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education's core competencies in a child and adolescent psychiatry residency program. Method: The authors identify the program's organizational approach and participants and detail various strategies and methods of defining,…

  15. The Relationship between Leadership Behavior, the Thirteen Core Competencies, and Teacher Job Satisfaction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crane, Detris Nanette

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this quantitative correlational study was to determine if teacher job satisfaction is enhanced when principals value and exhibit behaviors informed by the 13 core competencies. Principals and teachers from 70 elementary, middle, and high schools in the southeast United States participated in the study. The "Leadership Behavior…

  16. Study of Core Competency Elements and Factors Affecting Performance Efficiency of Government Teachers in Northeastern Thailand

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chansirisira, Pacharawit

    2012-01-01

    The research aimed to investigate the core competency elements and the factors affecting the performance efficiency of the civil service teachers in the northeastern region, Thailand. The research procedure consisted of two steps. In the first step, the data were collected using a questionnaire with the reliability (Cronbach's Alpha) of 0.90. The…

  17. Core Competencies and the Prevention of High-Risk Sexual Behavior

    Science.gov (United States)

    Charles, Vignetta Eugenia; Blum, Robert Wm.

    2008-01-01

    Adolescent sexual risk-taking behavior has numerous individual, family, community, and societal consequences. In an effort to contribute to the research and propose new directions, this chapter applies the core competencies framework to the prevention of high-risk sexual behavior. It describes the magnitude of the problem, summarizes explanatory…

  18. 核心竞争力系统的演化%Evolution of Core Competence System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周瑞凌; 王金桃; 叶瑾

    2001-01-01

    The evolution of core competence system is discussed based on theanalysis of the concept of core competence, and the transformation of production model in automobile industry. A new structure of core competence centered on knowledge and innovation is suggested and the new concept of core competence chain is fully developed to face the challenge of the knowledge economy.%在对核心竞争力认识的基础上,以汽车工业不同生产方式的转变为线索,探讨了企业核心竞争力系统的演化过程,并结合对当今知识经济、组织学习及创新的思考,提出基于知识与创新的核心竞争力,并就处于战略联盟的企业群体的竞争优势提出一种新的观念--核心能力链。

  19. Emergency Preparedness Education for Nurses: Core Competency Familiarity Measured Utilizing an Adapted Emergency Preparedness Information Questionnaire.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Georgino, Madeline M; Kress, Terri; Alexander, Sheila; Beach, Michael

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this project was to measure trauma nurse improvement in familiarity with emergency preparedness and disaster response core competencies as originally defined by the Emergency Preparedness Information Questionnaire after a focused educational program. An adapted version of the Emergency Preparedness Information Questionnaire was utilized to measure familiarity of nurses with core competencies pertinent to first responder capabilities. This project utilized a pre- and postsurvey descriptive design and integrated education sessions into the preexisting, mandatory "Trauma Nurse Course" at large, level I trauma center. A total of 63 nurses completed the intervention during May and September 2014 sessions. Overall, all 8 competencies demonstrated significant (P confidence interval) improvements in familiarity. In conclusion, this pilot quality improvement project demonstrated a unique approach to educating nurses to be more ready and comfortable when treating victims of a disaster. PMID:26352654

  20. Assessing photographer competence using face statistics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Greig, Darryl; Gao, Yuli

    2010-02-01

    The rapid growth of photo sharing websites has resulted in some new problems around the management of a large (and quickly increasing) number of photographers with different needs and usage characteristics. Despite significant advances in the field of computer vision, little has been done to leverage these technologies for photographer understanding and management, partly due to the high computational cost of extracting application-specific image features. Recently robust multi-view face detection technologies have been widely adopted by many photo sharing sites. This affords a limited but "standard" pre-computed set of face features to tackle these administrative problems in large scale settings. In this paper we present a principled statistical model to alleviate one such administrative task - the automatic analysis of photographer competency given only face detection results on a set of their photos. The model uses summary statistics to estimate the probability a given individual belongs to a population of high competence photographers over against a second population of lower competence photographers. Using this model, we have achieved high classification accuracy (respectively 84.3% and 90.9%) on two large image datasets. We discuss an application of this approach to assist in managing a photo-sharing website.

  1. Direct Assessment of Graduate Competencies through Collaboration of Classroom Assessment Technique as the Basic Evidences

    OpenAIRE

    Agnes Herawati

    2011-01-01

    Graduate competencies are the combination of knowledge, skills or abilities that play important roles in the successful completion of a task at work. However, that does not mean graduate competencies are proven most in the job occupation. The assessment during four years of undergraduate program will be effective ways to assess the achievement of graduate competencies. In the curriculum process, the graduate competencies are broken down into some related learning outcomes. As the main aims...

  2. The DHIN Strategy and Assessment by Competencies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nemecio Núñez Rojas

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available The Formative Competency Model is being implemented progressively in basic education and university, generating substantial changes in teaching, research, equipment, curriculum, among others. This study is a contribution to the development of this model, through the application of Dhin Strategy and Learning Maps for evaluating the performances which are: exposition, questions, comments, suggestions, conclusions and evaluation. The curriculum was developed with 125 participants, for four months, whose satisfactory results indicate the viability of implementing Dhin Strategy with elementary, secondary and higher university education students.

  3. Capturing Tacit Knowledge for Assessing Employees' Competency and Productivity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. A. Jabar

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: Organization has to evaluate the competencies of their workers to improve organizational productivity. However, this is difficult because organizations have difficulties to capture and retain knowledge especially tacit knowledge of their employees. Approach: The study reviewed selected literature on management knowledge and employers competencies. It also reviewed existing frameworks in knowledge management focusing on the capturing and storing tacit knowledge. Results: Results of this study will include theoretical concept for capturing tacit knowledge and storing them besides developing a model for measuring employee’s competencies in the organization. Conclusion/Recommendation: This study contributes in assessing knowledge workers performance to improve their productivity in an organization.

  4. Variability in multi-rater competency assessments

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. Theron

    1999-06-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to determine if significant differences exist between the multi-rater competency evaluations of employees operating within a flat organisational structure. Sixty-eight marketing employees were each evaluated by a number of raters including themselves, their managers, customers and peers. A competency questionnaire was developed by using the input of the employees who took part in the appraisal. Using paired t- tests significant differences between the various groups of raters were found. These findings and the implications thereof are discussed. Opsomming Die doel van hierdie studie was om te bepaal of daar beduidende verskille bestaan tussen die multi-beoordelaar bevoegdheidsevaluerings van werknemers wat binne 'n plat organisasiestruktuur funksioneer. Agt-en-sestig bemarkingswerknemers is elk beoordeel deur 'n aantal beoordelaars wat die werknemers self, hul bestuurders, kliente en kollegas ingesluit het. 'n Bevoegdheidsvraelys is ontwikkel deur gebruik te maak van die insette van die werknemers wat deel geneem het aan die evaluering. Deur die gebruik van gepaarde t-toetse is gevind dat daar beduidende verskille bestaan tussen sommige van die groepe beoordelaars. Hierdie bevindinge en die implikasies daarvan word bespreek.

  5. Applying Standard Competency Assessment in Vocational Teaching Practices

    OpenAIRE

    Mimi Mohaffyza Mohamad; Nabilah Abu Bakar; Nor Lisa Sulaiman; Kahirol Mohd Salleh; Lai Che Sern

    2015-01-01

    Teaching in vocational education is focused on knowledge and skills. Psychomotor is an aspect that emphasized in teaching competency in vocational education. Teaching based on psychomotor is a way to provide students with the hands on skills. Teachers are the main character in the teaching session. Therefore, this paper explained the differences among teachers in teaching based Standard Competency Assessment with their expertise in particular field. Research used survey design involved 301 te...

  6. INSTRUMENTS FOR THE ASSESSMENT OF STUDENT TRANSLATION COMPETENCE

    OpenAIRE

    Борислава Р. Ераковић

    2010-01-01

    The paper summarizes the main drawbacks of traditional restricted examinations as a method of evaluating student translation competence. It demonstrates how such examination conditions limit the evaluation of student translation competence to the analysis of linguistic errors and explains why this kind of evaluation does not provide an adequate assessment of the textual element of bilingual subcompetence, as well as for the instrumental and strategic translation subcompetences. It then procee...

  7. Needs Assessment Competencies: Are They Important for Extension Educators?

    OpenAIRE

    Nav R. Ghimire; Robert A. Martin

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine the importance of eleven professional competencies related to needs assessment and program development; a secondary purpose was to identify the best time these competencies should be learned. The study followed a survey research design, in which 441 randomly selected extension educators in the North Central Region of the United States responded to a questionnaire through an online survey. Results suggest that respondents perceived nine of the eleven ...

  8. An assessment of bioterrorism competencies among health practitioners in Australia

    OpenAIRE

    Deon Canyon

    2010-01-01

    Public health and medical professionals are expected to be well-prepared for emergencies since they assume an integral role in any response. They need to be aware of planning issues, be able to identify their roles in emergency situations, and show functional competence. However, media perceptions and non-empirical publications often lack an evidence base when addressing this topic. This study attempted to assess the competencies of various health professionals by obtaining quantitat...

  9. Assessing professional competence: from methods to programmes

    OpenAIRE

    van der Vleuten, Cees; Schuwirth, Lambert

    2005-01-01

    INTRODUCTION We use a utility model to illustrate that, firstly, selecting an assessment method involves context-dependent compromises, and secondly, that assessment is not a measurement problem but an instructional design problem, comprising educational, implementation and resource aspects. In the model, assessment characteristics are differently weighted depending on the purpose and context of the assessment. EMPIRICAL AND THEORETICAL DEVELOPMENTS Of the characteristics in the m...

  10. Core competency needs analysis for U.S. naval reserve training and administration Of reserve (TAR) officers

    OpenAIRE

    Newman, Carol E.

    2002-01-01

    Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited This thesis identifies fundamental Reserve management-related core competencies required for Training and Administration of the Reserve (TAR) officers. In-depth interviews were conducted with 21 experienced TAR officers who defined and described essential competencies for TAR officers. Additionally, they identified competency gaps and offered recommendations as to how TAR officers could better develop the competencies. Based on the ana...

  11. Validation of a rubric to assess innovation competence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frances Watts

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper addresses the development and validation of rubrics, materials and situations for the assessment of innovation competence. Research was carried out to verify the viability of the first draft of the assessment criteria, which led to refinement of the criteria and proposals to enhance the ensuing validation process that will include students and raters of different language backgrounds.

  12. The Comprehensiveness of Competing Higher Education Sustainability Assessments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bullock, Graham; Wilder, Nicholas

    2016-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to analyze the comprehensiveness of competing higher education sustainability assessments. Higher education institutions (HEIs) have been increasingly communicating their sustainability commitments to the public. To assist the public in evaluating these claims, a broad range of actors have assessed the…

  13. Student teacher self-efficacy and student perceptions of assessment in competence-based education

    OpenAIRE

    van Dinther, Martinus

    2015-01-01

    Teacher self-efficacy or “teachers’ beliefs in their ability to havea positive effect on student learning” (Ashton, 1985, p. 142), has beenevidenced as affecting student achievement, motivation and attitude towards school. Therefore, enhancing student teacher self-efficacy should be high on the agenda of teacher educational programmes. The core goal ofthis doctoral thesis is to provide evidence for how assessment in a competence-based teacher education programme influences student teacher sel...

  14. Scientific Skills as Core Competences in Medical Education: What do medical students think?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ribeiro, Laura; Severo, Milton; Pereira, Margarida; Amélia Ferreira, Maria

    2015-08-01

    Background: Scientific excellence is one of the most fundamental underpinnings of medical education and its relevance is unquestionable. To be involved in research activities enhances students' critical thinking and problem-solving capacities, which are mandatory competences for new achievements in patient care and consequently to the improvement of clinical practice. Purposes: This work aimed to study the relevance given by Portuguese medical students to a core of scientific skills, and their judgment about their own ability to execute those skills. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted on students attending the first, fourth and sixth years of medical course in the same period. An assessment istrument, exploring the importance given by Portuguese medical students to scientific skills in high school, to clinical practice and to their own ability to execute them, was designed, adapted and applied specifically to this study. Results: Students' perceptions were associated with gender, academic year, previous participation in research activities, positive and negative attitudes toward science, research integration into the curriculum and motivation to undertake research. The viewpoint of medical students about the relevance of scientific skills overall, and the ability to execute them, was independently associated with motivation to be enrolled in research. Conclusions: These findings have meaningful implications in medical education regarding the inclusion of a structural research program in the medical curriculum. Students should be aware that clinical practice would greatly benefit from the enrollment in research activities. By developing a solid scientific literacy future physicians will be able to apply new knowledge in patient care.

  15. Assessment for the development of professional competence

    OpenAIRE

    LORENZI, Francesca; RAMI, Justin

    2009-01-01

    Traditional forms of assessment such, as essays and end of term examinations, are still widely used in higher education in Ireland as the sole assessment methods. These forms of assessment, while the may be valid and reliable methods for collecting evidence of acquisition of theoretical knowledge, they rarely afford students the opportunity to apply knowledge to key professional scenarios. The authors draw on their experience as Lecturers and course designers for the module “Curriculum As...

  16. Developing a competency-based medical education curriculum for the core basic medical sciences in an African Medical School.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olopade, Funmilayo Eniola; Adaramoye, Oluwatosin Adekunle; Raji, Yinusa; Fasola, Abiodun Olubayo; Olapade-Olaopa, Emiola Oluwabunmi

    2016-01-01

    The College of Medicine of the University of Ibadan recently revised its MBBS and BDS curricula to a competency-based medical education method of instruction. This paper reports the process of revising the methods of instruction and assessment in the core basic medical sciences directed at producing medical and dental graduates with a sound knowledge of the subjects sufficient for medical and dental practice and for future postgraduate efforts in the field or related disciplines. The health needs of the community and views of stakeholders in the Ibadan medical and dental schools were determined, and the "old" curriculum was reviewed. This process was directed at identifying the strengths and weaknesses of the old curricula and the newer competences required for modern-day medical/dental practice. The admission criteria and processes and the learning methods of the students were also studied. At the end of the review, an integrated, system-based, community-oriented, person-centered, and competency-driven curriculum was produced and approved for implementation. Four sets of students have been admitted into the curriculum. There have been challenges to the implementation process, but these have been overcome by continuous faculty development and reorientation programs for the nonteaching staff and students. Two sets of students have crossed over to the clinical school, and the consensus among the clinical teachers is that their knowledge and application of the basic medical sciences are satisfactory. The Ibadan medical and dental schools are implementing their competency-based medical education curricula successfully. The modifications to the teaching and assessment of the core basic medical science subjects have resulted in improved learning and performance at the final examinations. PMID:27486351

  17. Developing a competency-based medical education curriculum for the core basic medical sciences in an African Medical School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olopade, Funmilayo Eniola; Adaramoye, Oluwatosin Adekunle; Raji, Yinusa; Fasola, Abiodun Olubayo; Olapade-Olaopa, Emiola Oluwabunmi

    2016-01-01

    The College of Medicine of the University of Ibadan recently revised its MBBS and BDS curricula to a competency-based medical education method of instruction. This paper reports the process of revising the methods of instruction and assessment in the core basic medical sciences directed at producing medical and dental graduates with a sound knowledge of the subjects sufficient for medical and dental practice and for future postgraduate efforts in the field or related disciplines. The health needs of the community and views of stakeholders in the Ibadan medical and dental schools were determined, and the “old” curriculum was reviewed. This process was directed at identifying the strengths and weaknesses of the old curricula and the newer competences required for modern-day medical/dental practice. The admission criteria and processes and the learning methods of the students were also studied. At the end of the review, an integrated, system-based, community-oriented, person-centered, and competency-driven curriculum was produced and approved for implementation. Four sets of students have been admitted into the curriculum. There have been challenges to the implementation process, but these have been overcome by continuous faculty development and reorientation programs for the nonteaching staff and students. Two sets of students have crossed over to the clinical school, and the consensus among the clinical teachers is that their knowledge and application of the basic medical sciences are satisfactory. The Ibadan medical and dental schools are implementing their competency-based medical education curricula successfully. The modifications to the teaching and assessment of the core basic medical science subjects have resulted in improved learning and performance at the final examinations. PMID:27486351

  18. What am I capable? Self-Assessment of Basic Competences

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonia Ramírez García

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The aims of this research are focus in evaluate linguistic communication and mathematics competences of students in sixth grade of primary education from their perception, and to develop a valid and reliable questionnaire in order to perform a self-assessment. The methodology has quantitative, descriptive and correlational character. In this research 1424 students from 46 schools in Cordova and its province participated. The results show that variables such as gender, age, number of siblings and type of center have influence for a better or worse self-assessment of students; but extracurricular activities undertaken by students and the increased weekly time devoted are those which cause a greater appreciation of each competence. On the other hand, a lower daily use of television, computer and games console allows that students make a self-assess more capeble to different aspects of both competences.

  19. Assessment In The Workplace: A Competency-Based Approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T. E. Potgieter

    2002-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper explores assessment in the workplace with a specific focus on using a competency-based approach. A normative process model for developing a competency-based assessment battery is also presented. The model is derived from practical experience and research in the development of competency-based assessment batteries and is rooted in a person-based approach. Opsomming Hierdie navorsing verken evaluering in die werkplek met spesieke verwysing na die gebruik van ’n bevoegdheids-gebaseerde benadering. ’n Model, wat ’n bepaalde proses vir die ontwikkeling van ’n bevoegdheidsgebaseerde evalueringsbattery voorstaan, word ook aangebied. Diemodel is afgelei uit praktiese ervaring en navorsing in die ontwikkeling van bevoegdheids-gebaseerde evalueringsbatterye en is gebaseer op ’n persoonsgeorienteerde benadering.

  20. Assessment of the digital competence in Russian adolescents and parents: Digital Competence Index.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Soldatova G.V.

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we developed a psychological model of digital competence including four components (knowledge, skills, motivation and responsibility and four spheres (work with online content, communication, technical activity and consumption. The Digital Competence Index (DCI is a 52-item instrument assessing an index and an entire profile of digital competence. In the Russian population study (1203 adolescents 12-17 years old and 1209 parents, acceptable reliability (.72-.90 for all of the scales, except motivation of DCI was demonstrated. Confirmatory factor analysis supported the superiority of the four-component structure with the second-order index. Mean DCI was 34% of the maximally possible level in adolescents and 31% in parents, indicating the necessity for the educational programs in Russia. The motivation component was both the lowest and the least homogeneous factor, indicating that important special efforts to improve motivation to learn in Russian adolescents are needed.

  1. Experience of Delphi technique in the process of establishing consensus on core competencies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raghav, Pankaja Ravi; Kumar, Dewesh; Bhardwaj, Pankaj

    2016-01-01

    Introduction: The Department of Community Medicine and Family Medicine (CMFM) has been started as a new model for imparting the components of family medicine and delivering health-care services at primary and secondary levels in all six newly established All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), but there is no competency-based curriculum for it. The paper aims to share the experience of Delphi method in the process of developing consensus on core competencies of the new model of CMFM in AIIMS for undergraduate medical students in India. Methods: The study adopted different approaches and methods, but Delphi was the most critical method used in this research. In Delphi, the experts were contacted by e-mail and their feedback on the same was analyzed. Results: Two rounds of Delphi were conducted in which 150 participants were contacted in Delphi-I but only 46 responded. In Delphi-II, 26 participants responded whose responses were finally considered for analysis. Three of the core competencies namely clinician, primary-care physician, and professionalism were agreed by all the participants, and the least agreement was observed in the competencies of epidemiologist and medical teacher. The experts having more experience were less consistent as responses were changed from agree to disagree in more than 15% of participants and 6% changed from disagree to agree. Conclusion: Within the given constraints, the final list of competencies and skills for the discipline of CMFM compiled after the Delphi process will provide a useful insight into the development of competency-based curriculum of the subject.

  2. Assessment of Proficiency and Competency in Laboratory Animal Biomethodologies

    OpenAIRE

    Clifford, Paula; Melfi, Natasha; Bogdanske, John; Elizabeth J Johnson; Kehler, James; Baran, Szczepan W

    2013-01-01

    Personnel working with laboratory animals are required by laws and guidelines to be trained and qualified to perform biomethodologic procedures. The assessment of competency and proficiency is a vital component of a laboratory animal training program, because this process confirms that the trainees have met the learning objectives for a particular procedure. The approach toward qualification assessment differs between organizations because laws and guidelines do not outline how the assessment...

  3. Students'Professional Core Competencies%论学生职业核心能力的培养

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陆志伟

    2015-01-01

    Currently,social enterprises will employ professional core competencies as an important indicator of the election staff.The professional core competencies has played very important roles in Chinese university for students'future career devel-opment,also Chinese university has gradually increased efforts to train the students professional core competencies.This article specific elaborated the features of professional core competencies,analyzed the professional status of the core competencies in our colleges,and suggested the core competencies reform of vocational training system core competencies.%目前,社会企业将职业核心能力作为聘选员工的一个重要指标。职业核心能力对学生未来的职业发展起着非常重要的作用,我国高校也要逐步加大对学生职业核心能力的培养力度。本文章对职业核心能力的特征进行了具体的阐述,探讨分析了目前我国高校职业核心能力培养的状况,并对职业核心能力培体系的改革提出了建议。

  4. The Training Strategy of Professional Core Competencies of Talents in Competitive Intelligence

    OpenAIRE

    Zhou Yun; Wang Ziyan

    2013-01-01

    Competitive intelligence is the natural product of modern economic development. As the rapid development of competitive intelligence sources, new techniques and methods are required in competitive intelligence system. Enhancing the techniques of data mining, business administration and applied economics is adopted, in order to promote the professional core competencies. In the light of this, knowledge structure and ability structure of talents are improved for the benefit of development of co...

  5. The Training Strategy of Professional Core Competencies of Talents in Competitive Intelligence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhou Yun

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Competitive intelligence is the natural product of modern economic development. As the rapid development of competitive intelligence sources, new techniques and methods are required in competitive intelligence system. Enhancing the techniques of data mining, business administration and applied economics is adopted, in order to promote the professional core competencies. In the light of this, knowledge structure and ability structure of talents are improved for the benefit of development of competitive intelligence.

  6. Identification of core competencies for primary care of allergy patients using a modified Delphi technique.

    OpenAIRE

    Wallengren Joanna

    2011-01-01

    Abstract Background The majority of allergy patients who seek medical advice are seen in primary care. In-service training of professionals in general practice is needed in order to increase knowledge among primary care clinicians about allergy. Therefore it is important to establish a consensus about what primary care professionals should be able to do, and what the public can expect. We sought to identify core competencies for good practice amongst primary care providers with respect to dia...

  7. Core Competencies for Shared Decision Making Training Programs: Insights From an International, Interdisciplinary Working Group

    OpenAIRE

    Légaré, France; Moumjid-Ferdjaoui, Nora; Drolet, Renée; Stacey, Dawn; Härter, Martin; Bastian, Hilda; Beaulieu, Marie-Dominique; Borduas, Francine; Charles, Cathy; Coulter, Angela; Desroches, Sophie; Friedrich, Gwendolyn; Gafni, Amiram; Graham, Ian D; Labrecque, Michel

    2013-01-01

    Shared decision making is now making inroads in health care professionals’ continuing education curriculum, but there is no consensus on what core competencies are required by clinicians for effectively involving patients in health-related decisions. Ready-made programs for training clinicians in shared decision making are in high demand, but existing programs vary widely in their theoretical foundations, length, and content. An international, interdisciplinary group of 25 individuals met in ...

  8. Exploring core competencies for mental health and addictions work within a Family Health Team setting

    OpenAIRE

    Rush, Brian; McPherson-Doe, Catherine; Behrooz, Reneé C; Cudmore, Alan

    2013-01-01

    Approximately 200 Family Health Teams (FHTs) have been implemented in Ontario to improve access to primary healthcare, including mental health and addiction. The objectives of this project were to examine, through a focus group and qualitative methodology with three FHTs, the profile of patients' mental health and addiction-related needs and to identify the implications for the development of core competencies in these innovative organisations. A spectrum of needs and service trajectories was...

  9. 核心竞争力和企业的可持续性发展%Core Competence and the Sustained Development of the Enterpirse

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李伟超; 杨溢

    2003-01-01

    The article analyzes the basic theory of core competence and the practical significance of the theory of corecompetence of an enterprise. It discusses how to keep the advantages of core competence of an enterprise so as to help theenterprise achieve a sustained development. The article thinks that the essence of core competence is the combination ofknowledge and ability contained in the core products of an enterprise, which is the basis for an enterprise to obtain the last-ing competence advantage.

  10. Assessing Interprofessional Education Collaborative Competencies in Service-Learning Course

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hale, Kenneth M.; Brown, Nicole V.; McAuley, James W.

    2016-01-01

    Objective. To investigate the effect of an interprofessional service-learning course on health professions students’ self-assessment of Interprofessional Education Collaborative (IPEC) competencies. Design. The semester-long elective course consisted of two components: a service component where students provided patient care in an interprofessional student-run free clinic and bi-weekly workshops in which students reflected on their experiences and discussed roles, team dynamics, communication skills, and challenges with underserved patient populations. Assessment. All fifteen students enrolled in the course completed a validated 42-question survey in a retrospective post-then-pre design. The survey instrument assessed IPEC competencies in four domains: Values and Ethics, Roles and Responsibilities, Interprofessional Communication, and Teams and Teamwork. Students’ self-assessment of IPEC competencies significantly improved in all four domains after completion of the course. Conclusion. Completing an interprofessional service-learning course had a positive effect on students’ self-assessment of interprofessional competencies, suggesting service-learning is an effective pedagogical platform for interprofessional education. PMID:27073285

  11. Assessing Interprofessional Education Collaborative Competencies in Service-Learning Course.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sevin, Alexa M; Hale, Kenneth M; Brown, Nicole V; McAuley, James W

    2016-03-25

    Objective. To investigate the effect of an interprofessional service-learning course on health professions students' self-assessment of Interprofessional Education Collaborative (IPEC) competencies. Design. The semester-long elective course consisted of two components: a service component where students provided patient care in an interprofessional student-run free clinic and bi-weekly workshops in which students reflected on their experiences and discussed roles, team dynamics, communication skills, and challenges with underserved patient populations. Assessment. All fifteen students enrolled in the course completed a validated 42-question survey in a retrospective post-then-pre design. The survey instrument assessed IPEC competencies in four domains: Values and Ethics, Roles and Responsibilities, Interprofessional Communication, and Teams and Teamwork. Students' self-assessment of IPEC competencies significantly improved in all four domains after completion of the course. Conclusion. Completing an interprofessional service-learning course had a positive effect on students' self-assessment of interprofessional competencies, suggesting service-learning is an effective pedagogical platform for interprofessional education. PMID:27073285

  12. Assessment of CRBR core disruptive accident energetics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Theofanous, T.G.; Bell, C.R.

    1984-03-01

    The results of an independent assessment of core disruptive accident energetics for the Clinch River Breeder Reactor are presented in this document. This assessment was performed for the Nuclear Regulatory Commission under the direction of the CRBR Program Office within the Office of Nuclear Reactor Regulation. It considered in detail the accident behavior for three accident initiators that are representative of three different classes of events; unprotected loss of flow, unprotected reactivity insertion, and protected loss of heat sink. The primary system's energetics accommodation capability was realistically, yet conservatively, determined in terms of core events. This accommodation capability was found to be equivalent to an isentropic work potential for expansion to one atmosphere of 2550 MJ or a ramp rate of about 200 $/s applied to a classical two-phase disassembly.

  13. Assessment of CRBR core disruptive accident energetics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The results of an independent assessment of core disruptive accident energetics for the Clinch River Breeder Reactor are presented in this document. This assessment was performed for the Nuclear Regulatory Commission under the direction of the CRBR Program Office within the Office of Nuclear Reactor Regulation. It considered in detail the accident behavior for three accident initiators that are representative of three different classes of events; unprotected loss of flow, unprotected reactivity insertion, and protected loss of heat sink. The primary system's energetics accommodation capability was realistically, yet conservatively, determined in terms of core events. This accommodation capability was found to be equivalent to an isentropic work potential for expansion to one atmosphere of 2550 MJ or a ramp rate of about 200 $/s applied to a classical two-phase disassembly

  14. Key Considerations in Assessing Young Children's Emotional Competence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Denham, Susanne A.; Ferrier, David E.; Howarth, Grace Z.; Herndon, Kristina J.; Bassett, Hideko H.

    2016-01-01

    Recent years have witnessed a surge in evidence on preschoolers' emotional development as crucial for both concurrent and later well-being and mental health, and for learning and academic success. Given the importance of building such strengths, assessing emotional competence skills is important to aid early childhood educators in focusing…

  15. Assessment and Intervention for Academic Task Attack Strategy Competencies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Busse, R. T.; Lee, Charlene

    2015-01-01

    Many students who underachieve in schools may not be learning as effectively as they could. Direct assessments such as the Academic Competence Evaluation Scales (ACES), School Motivation and Learning Strategies Inventory (SMALSI), and the Academic Task Attack Checklist System (ATACS) can be used to evaluate students' knowledge and use of…

  16. Self-Assessment of Competences in Management Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hernández López, Lidia; de Saá Pérez, Petra; Ballesteros Rodríguez, Jose Luis; García Almeida, Desiderio

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to discuss the theoretical and practical need for research into the learning conditions that influence a student's self-assessment of their competences in management education. By means of a theoretical review, the paper introduces a model that integrates various learning conditions related to a student's…

  17. Clinical application of Assessment of Parenting Competencies (APC)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jacobsen, Stine Lindahl

    This paper is part of a symposium on music therapy with families with Kirsi Tuomi as Chair. It revolves around the clinical application of a new music therapy assessment model on parent-child interaction and parenting competencies. APC was developed for emotional neglected children and their......, child somatic hospitals, centers for refuges and other populations where it would be clinical relevant to assess the parent-child interaction. APC is an observational and improvisational based assessment model evaluating dyads of parent and child (child age range is 5-12). It produces information...... (numbers, graphs, and descriptions) of parent-child interaction and parenting competencies including nonverbal communication, level of attunement in the dyad, and level of emotional support from the parent. It is based on video analysis and a fixed assessment protocol. It was developed through a completed...

  18. Exploring examiner judgement of professional competence in rater based assessment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Naumann, Fiona L; Marshall, Stephen; Shulruf, Boaz; Jones, Philip D

    2016-10-01

    Exercise physiology courses have transitioned to competency based, forcing Universities to rethink assessment to ensure students are competent to practice. This study built on earlier research to explore rater cognition, capturing factors that contribute to assessor decision making about students' competency. The aims were to determine the source of variation in the examination process and document the factors impacting on examiner judgment. Examiner judgement was explored from both a quantitative and qualitative perspective. Twenty-three examiners viewed three video encounters of student performance on an OSCE. Once rated, analysis of variance was performed to determine where the variance was attributed. A semi-structured interview drew out the examiners reasoning behind their ratings. Results highlighted variability of the process of observation, judgement and rating, with each examiner viewing student performance from different lenses. However, at a global level, analysis of variance indicated that the examiner had a minimal impact on the variance, with the majority of variance explained by the student performance on task. One anomaly noted was in the assessment of technical competency, whereby the examiner had a large impact on the rating, linked to assessing according to curriculum content. The thought processes behind judgement were diverse and if the qualitative results had been used in isolation, may have led to the researchers drawing conclusions that the examined performances would have yielded widely different ratings. However, as a cohort, the examiners were able to distinguish good and poor levels of competency with the majority of student competency linked to the varying ability of the student. PMID:26796200

  19. Nurse Education and the Assessment of Nurse Competence

    OpenAIRE

    Olga Takahashi

    2006-01-01

    The issue in which I am interested is the assessment of nurse knowledge, skills and competence, and ways in which formative assessment can promote more effective learning. In this critical review of the relevant literature I consider some of the changes in nurse education, first in the UK in general, and then in the particular context of the University of Londrina, Parana, Brazil. I will then relate these changes to broader issues of professional education, and in particular developments in a...

  20. Study on the Measurement Systems and Implementation Methods of Strategic Distributor's Core Competence Under Supply Chain Management

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YANG Jianhua

    2006-01-01

    Under the circumstance of buyer's market, the general core competence of supply chain is radically determined by the core competence of distributors facing customers directly. Based on the analysis of channel management and creation model, the traditional Manufacture-Distributor relationship is discussed including the disadvantages of common distributor Core Competence evaluation. Meanwhile, In this paper, the Logarithm Triangular Fuzzy Number-AHP method is creatively used to evaluate the strategic distributor Core Competence evaluation index system. This method also overcomes some disadvantages that experts can directly give definite numbers when the traditional AHP method is used to value certainty and measure the qualitative index. More important, it is a scientific qualitative and quantitative evaluation tool. Then the real cases are researched based on all discussions above.

  1. The Seneca Babcock Business Plan: A Case Study in Using Service Learning to Meet the AICPA Core Competencies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tschopp, Daniel J.

    2004-01-01

    In this article, the author explains the trend toward service learning projects in higher education and justifies their use in the field of accounting. He describes a service learning project that was used to directly address the development of the competencies listed in the Core Competency Framework created by the American Institute of Certified…

  2. The Core Competencies and MFT Education: Practical Aspects of Transitioning to a Learning-Centered, Outcome-Based Pedagogy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gehart, Diane

    2011-01-01

    The MFT core competencies and latest COAMFTE accreditation standards usher in a new paradigm for MFT education. This transition necessitates not only measuring student mastery of competencies but also, more importantly, adopting a contemporary pedagogical model. This article provides an overview of the changes, a review of parallel trends in other…

  3. Core Competence And Sustainable Competitive Adventage Of Small Silk Weaving Industries (SIs) In Wajo District, South Sulawesi

    OpenAIRE

    Mappigau, Palmarudi; Hastang, Hastang

    2008-01-01

    The effect of core competences on small industries (Sis" competitiveness have been widely studied, however, very little studi connectedness between the research and practical use within SIs, specially within the framework of the development of regional competitiveness. The aim of this study is to identify and determine core competence and sustainable competitive advantage (SCA) of the small silk weaving industries in Wajo District, and to formulate its road map development. Data and ...

  4. Preceptors' experiences of using a competence assessment tool to assess undergraduate nursing students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burke, Eimear; Kelly, Marcella; Byrne, Evelyn; Ui Chiardha, Toni; Mc Nicholas, Miriam; Montgomery, Adrienne

    2016-03-01

    The purpose of this study was to explore Irish preceptors' experience of using a competence tool to assess undergraduate nursing students' clinical competence. This study used a mixed methods design. This study was conducted in two phases, the qualitative phase involved six focus group interviews to ascertain preceptors' experiences of using an assessment tool to assess clinical competence. The quantitative phase involved a descriptive survey measuring preceptors (N = 843) attitudes linked with the use of the assessment tool. The key themes that emerged from qualitative analysis were challenges of using the assessment tool, recognising competence and valuing adult learners. The challenges of using the tool included negotiating complex language and time constraints in completing assessments. Recognising competence revealed the use of intuition and subjectivity. While valuing adult learners acknowledged the reciprocal learning process between the preceptor and the learner. These findings reveal the inherent skills of preceptors to intuitively and subjectively recognise competence. The quantitative findings revealed merits and challenges for the preceptors using the assessment tool. In particular the complexity of the language was highlighted as an issue. A key recommendation from this research is the need to revise the assessment tool to support objective and subjective measurement of competence. PMID:27038082

  5. Criterion validity of a competency-based assessment center in medical education – a 4-year follow-up study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thomas Rotthoff

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Core competencies have progressively gained importance in medical education. In other contexts, especially personnel selection and development, assessment centers (ACs are used to assess competencies, but there is only a limited number of studies on competency-based ACs in medical education. To the best of our knowledge, the present study provides the first data on the criterion-related validity of a competency-based AC in medical education. Methods: We developed an AC tailored to measure core competencies relevant to medical education (social-ethical, communicative, self, and teaching and tested its validity in n=30 first-year medical students using 3- to 4-year follow-up measures such as (a objective structured clinical examinations (OSCE on basic clinical skills (n=26, (b OSCE on communication skills (n=21, and (c peer feedback (n=18. The AC contained three elements: interview, group discussion, and role play. Additionally, a self-report questionnaire was provided as a basis for the interview. Results: Baseline AC average score and teaching competency correlated moderately with the communication OSCE average score (r=0.41, p=0.03, and r=0.38, p=0.04, respectively. Social-ethical competency in the AC showed a very strong convergent association with the communication OSCE average score (r=0.60, p0.05. Conclusion: The results showed that competency-based ACs can be used at a very early stage of medical training to successfully predict future performance in core competencies.

  6. Core Competencies of the Certified Pediatric Doctor of Chiropractic: Results of a Delphi Consensus Process.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hewitt, Elise; Hestbaek, Lise; Pohlman, Katherine A

    2016-04-01

    An outline of the minimum core competencies expected from a certified pediatric doctor of chiropractic was developed using a Delphi consensus process. The initial set of seed statements and substatements was modeled on competency documents used by organizations that oversee chiropractic and medical education. These statements were distributed to the Delphi panel, reaching consensus when 80% of the panelists approved each segment. The panel consisted of 23 specialists in chiropractic pediatrics (14 females) from across the broad spectrum of the chiropractic profession. Sixty-one percent of panelists had postgraduate pediatric certifications or degrees, 39% had additional graduate degrees, and 74% were faculty at a chiropractic institution and/or in a postgraduate pediatrics program. The panel were initially given 10 statements with related substatements formulated by the study's steering committee. On all 3 rounds of the Delphi process the panelists reached consensus; however, multiple rounds occurred to incorporate the valuable qualitative feedback received. PMID:26739669

  7. “Are the Core Competencies of Cosmic Solutions sufficiently dynamic to enable the firm’s strategic vision?”

    OpenAIRE

    Leach, David

    2010-01-01

    Hamel and Prahalad (1990) state core competences are the ‘collective learning in the organisation’ and that they are the result of ‘complex harmonisation of individual technologies and production skills.’ However, this is a point in time assessment and sustained strategic advantage is gained from an ability to evolve over time, Teece et al, (1997) state ‘the firm’s ability to integrate, build, and reconfigure internal and external competences to address rapidly changing environments’ is key ...

  8. Students Explaining Science—Assessment of Science Communication Competence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kulgemeyer, Christoph; Schecker, Horst

    2013-12-01

    Science communication competence (SCC) is an important educational goal in the school science curricula of several countries. However, there is a lack of research about the structure and the assessment of SCC. This paper specifies the theoretical framework of SCC by a competence model. We developed a qualitative assessment method for SCC that is based on an expert-novice dialog: an older student (explainer, expert) explains a physics phenomenon to a younger peer (addressee, novice) in a controlled test setting. The explanations are video-recorded and analysed by qualitative content analysis. The method was applied in a study with 46 secondary school students as explainers. Our aims were (a) to evaluate whether our model covers the relevant features of SCC, (b) to validate the assessment method and (c) to find characteristics of addressee-adequate explanations. A performance index was calculated to quantify the explainers' levels of competence on an ordinal scale. We present qualitative and quantitative evidence that the index is adequate for assessment purposes. It correlates with results from a written SCC test and a perspective taking test (convergent validity). Addressee-adequate explanations can be characterized by use of graphical representations and deliberate switches between scientific and everyday language.

  9. Professional competence assessment of dispensary pharmacy technician. A methodological strategy.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Cristina Núñez Martínez

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available Background: The assessment of professional competences in one of the four principles the support training and improvement of human resources in health system; there are problems in this process that obstruct its correct assessment. Objective: To ratify a methodological strategy to solve gaps in the assessment process of technicians’ professional competences. Methods: Qualitative and Quantitative study. The ratification of this strategy was carried out through an intentional stratified sampling of graduated, experts and evaluators. This was applied with participative and integrative approach in Cienfuegos province between 2001 and 2004. Findings: It was proved that the strategy contributes to increase the quality of professional competences assessment process, and determines technicians´ learning needs on scientific bases and supports methodological and didactic training of professors, pedagogical assistants and directors. The individual satisfaction level express by strategy users is high and consulted experts approve it by major consensus. Conclusions: Proposed methodology has characteristics that allow it being applied and generalized to every working field within Dispensary Pharmacy and other technical specialities.

  10. Identifying and Using ‘Core Competencies’ to Help Design and Assess Undergraduate Neuroscience Curricula

    OpenAIRE

    Kerchner, Michael; Hardwick, Jean C.; Thornton, Janice E.

    2012-01-01

    There has been a growing emphasis on the use of core competencies to design and inform curricula. Based on our Faculty for Undergraduate Neuroscience workshop at Pomona we developed a set of neuroscience core competencies. Following the workshop, faculty members were asked to complete an online survey to determine which core competencies are considered most essential and the results are presented. Backward Design principles are then described and we discuss how core competencies, through a ba...

  11. Competence and teaching skills: reflections on the concept and assessment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isabel Guzmán Ibarra

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses some concepts of competence, to identify their common elements that can be transferred to educational practices on competition. The intention is to establish levels of consistency among the components of the concept with educational practices and competitions. On this basis, we discuss some strategies for teaching skills to identify and propose strategies and tools that focus on authentic assessment to evaluate teaching skills.

  12. 企业核心能力论%On the Core Competence of a Company

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王明夫

    2001-01-01

    1990年,C·K·普拉哈拉德和G·哈默在《哈佛商业评论》上发表论文“公司的核心能力”(“The Core Competence of the Corporation”),这是管理学界程碑式的一篇经典之作,它成为《哈佛商业评论》杂志有史以来重印次数最多的文章之一。从此,企业核心能力(“Core Competence”),的理论在欧美管理学界和企业界迅速成为战略管理的主流,流行至今十余载,依然强势不衰。

  13. Core skills requirement and competencies expected of quantity surveyors: perspectives from quantity surveyors, allied professionals and clients in Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joshua Oluwasuji Dada

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available AbstractDeployment of appropriate skills and competencies is crucial and germane to the development and continuous relevance of any profession. In the built environment, the science for selecting the required skills and competencies expected of quantity surveyors and understanding the inherent dependencies between them remains a research issue. The purpose of this study was to determine the skill requirements and competencies expected of quantity surveyors. A structured questionnaire was administered among quantity surveyors, architects, engineers, builders and clients in Nigeria. The respondents were asked to give rating, on a 5 point Likert scale, on usual skills and competencies required of quantity surveyors. A secondary objective of the study was to examine the important skills and competencies and categorized them into core skill, basic skill, core competence, optional competence and special competence. The results of the study indicate the important skills as computer literacy, building engineering, information technology, economics, measurement/quantification and knowledge of civil/heavy engineering works. The results also indicate the important competencies as cost planning and control, estimating, construction procurement system, contract documentation, contract administration and project management. It is emphasized that the findings of the research have considerable implications on the training and practice of quantity surveying in Nigeria.

  14. Core skills requirement and competencies expected of quantity surveyors: perspectives from quantity surveyors, allied professionals and clients in Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joshua Oluwasuji Dada

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Deployment of appropriate skills and competencies is crucial and germane to the development and continuous relevance of any profession. In the built environment, the science for selecting the required skills and competencies expected of quantity surveyors and understanding the inherent dependencies between them remains a research issue. The purpose of this study was to determine the skill requirements and competencies expected of quantity surveyors. A structured questionnaire was administered among quantity surveyors, architects, engineers, builders and clients in Nigeria. The respondents were asked to give rating, on a 5 point Likert scale, on usual skills and competencies required of quantity surveyors. A secondary objective of the study was to examine the important skills and competencies and categorized them into core skill, basic skill, core competence, optional competence and special competence. The results of the study indicate the important skills as computer literacy, building engineering, information technology, economics, measurement/quantification and knowledge of civil/heavy engineering works. The results also indicate the important competencies as cost planning and control, estimating, construction procurement system, contract documentation, contract administration and project management. It is emphasized that the findings of the research have considerable implications on the training and practice of quantity surveying in Nigeria.

  15. STUDENTS CONFLICTOLOGICAL COMPETENCE ASSESSMENT INVOLVED INTO PSYCHOLOGICAL AND PEDAGOGICAL MONITORING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yakovleva I. P.

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of the investigation is students’ conflictological competence assessment method elaboration. The methodological foundations are system approach (considered the pedagogical monitoring as education quality management component, personal oriented approach (focused the educational process on student persona, competence oriented approach (oriented the educational process to personally-professional abilities formation which integrated the knowledge, skills, motives, values and ability to their control and quality measurement approach (we have considered the conflictological competence preparedness as a multi-criterion parameter. The theoretical foundations are socially-philosophic works dedicated to students’ conflictological competence formation, and pedagogical works, dedicated to education quality management. The normative foundations of investigation are Law “About Education” (2012, state educational standards for vocational training (2009, “Strategy of state youth policy in Russian Federation”, state program “Patriotic education of Russian Federation citizens during 2011-2015”. The methods of investigation are scientific literature and pedagogical practice analysis, survey, modeling, pedagogical monitoring, quality measurement and complex systems polyvalent analysis

  16. Needs Assessment Competencies: Are They Important for Extension Educators?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nav R. Ghimire

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to determine the importanceof eleven professional competencies related to needs assessment and program development; a secondary purpose wasto identify the best time these competencies should be learned.The study followed a survey research design, in which 441randomly selected extension educators in the North CentralRegion of the United States responded to a questionnairethrough an online survey. Results suggest that respondentsperceived nine of the eleven competencies as highly importantfor their professional development. High percentages of therespondents also reported that six competencies should belearned on the job. Stepwise regression analysis revealed thedemographics of “gender” and “education” as statistically significant predictors in determining respondents’ perceptions.Findings indicate a need for flexible staff development programsfor extension educators through graduate education, in-serviceprograms, and on-the-job training. Findings have implicationsfor designing new policies for employee selection, training,professional development, and performance appraisal. Furtherstudy was recommended to determine whether the findingswould be valid at the national level.

  17. AMIA Board white paper: definition of biomedical informatics and specification of core competencies for graduate education in the discipline.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kulikowski, Casimir A; Shortliffe, Edward H; Currie, Leanne M; Elkin, Peter L; Hunter, Lawrence E; Johnson, Todd R; Kalet, Ira J; Lenert, Leslie A; Musen, Mark A; Ozbolt, Judy G; Smith, Jack W; Tarczy-Hornoch, Peter Z; Williamson, Jeffrey J

    2012-01-01

    The AMIA biomedical informatics (BMI) core competencies have been designed to support and guide graduate education in BMI, the core scientific discipline underlying the breadth of the field's research, practice, and education. The core definition of BMI adopted by AMIA specifies that BMI is 'the interdisciplinary field that studies and pursues the effective uses of biomedical data, information, and knowledge for scientific inquiry, problem solving and decision making, motivated by efforts to improve human health.' Application areas range from bioinformatics to clinical and public health informatics and span the spectrum from the molecular to population levels of health and biomedicine. The shared core informatics competencies of BMI draw on the practical experience of many specific informatics sub-disciplines. The AMIA BMI analysis highlights the central shared set of competencies that should guide curriculum design and that graduate students should be expected to master. PMID:22683918

  18. Creating value-focused healthcare delivery systems: Part three--Core competencies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beveridge, R N

    1997-01-01

    Value is created through the delivery of high-quality, cost--effective healthcare services. The ability to create value from the providers' perspective is facilitated through the development and implementation of essential, customer-focused core competencies. These core competencies include customer relationship management, payer/provider relationship management, disease management, outcomes management, financial/cost management, and information management. Customer relationship management is the foundation upon which all core competencies must be built. All of the core competencies must focus on the needs of the customers, both internal and external. Structuring all processes involved in the core competencies from the perspective of the customer will ensure that value is created throughout the system. Payer/provider relationship management will become a crucial pillar for healthcare providers in the future. As more vertical integration among providers occurs, the management of the relationships among providers and with payers will become more important. Many of the integration strategies being implemented across the country involve the integration of hospitals, physicians, and payers to form accountable health plans. The relationships must be organized to form "win/win" situations, where all parties are focused on a shared vision of creating value and none of the parties benefits at the expense of the others. Disease management in creating value requires that we begin examining the disease process along the entire continuum. Not only must providers be able to provide high-quality acute and chronic care, but they must also begin to focus more heavily on programs of prevention. Value is created throughout the system through reducing the prevalence and incidence of disease. Only through managing the full continuum of health will value be created throughout the healthcare delivery system. Outcomes management ensures that the outcomes are the highest quality at a cost

  19. INSTRUMENTS FOR THE ASSESSMENT OF STUDENT TRANSLATION COMPETENCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Борислава Р. Ераковић

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available The paper summarizes the main drawbacks of traditional restricted examinations as a method of evaluating student translation competence. It demonstrates how such examination conditions limit the evaluation of student translation competence to the analysis of linguistic errors and explains why this kind of evaluation does not provide an adequate assessment of the textual element of bilingual subcompetence, as well as for the instrumental and strategic translation subcompetences. It then proceeds to demonstrate how additional instruments, such as a peer translation commentary and a take-home translation complemented by a translation diary may be used to cover the full range of subcompetences targeted by a course in technical and scientific translation.

  20. 企业核心能力评价研究述评%Literature Review on Enterprises' Core Competence Evaluation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    龚素芳

    2012-01-01

    Core competence evaluation is an important part of core competence research. How to properly and accurately evaluate the core competence of various types of enterprises in various industries is catching more and more attention. This paper summarizes the basic principles of core competence evaluation, sorts out the existing evaluation methods from the qualitative, quantitative standpoints as well as the combination of these two and further studies the status quo of core competence evaluation in real estate, high — tech and manufacturing businesses.%企业核心能力评价是核心能力研究的重要环节,如何恰当、准确地对不同行业、不同类型企业的核心能力进行评价获得了越来越多的关注.首先归纳了企业核心能力评价的基本原则,从定性、定量、定性定量相结合三方面对现有的评价方法进行梳理,并进一步考察了房地产企业、高新技术企业、制造企业的核心能力评价研究现状.

  1. Assessing Globalization Competences in the Information Systems Domain – Instruments and Methods

    OpenAIRE

    Stén, Tiia

    2012-01-01

    Stén, Tiia Assessing Globalization Competences in the Information Systems Domain – Instruments and Methods Jyväskylä: University of Jyväskylä, 2012, 36 p. Information Systems Science, Bachelor’s thesis Supervisor: Pawlowski, Jan The goal of this bachelor’s thesis is to research suitable competence assessment instruments and methods for assessing globalization competence in the Infor-mation Systems domain. Within the framework of the study, globalization competences are the skil...

  2. Assessing competency in Evidence Based Practice: strengths and limitations of current tools in practice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ilic Dragan

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Evidence Based Practice (EBP involves making clinical decisions informed by the most relevant and valid evidence available. Competence can broadly be defined as a concept that incorporates a variety of domains including knowledge, skills and attitudes. Adopting an evidence-based approach to practice requires differing competencies across various domains including literature searching, critical appraisal and communication. This paper examines the current tools available to assess EBP competence and compares their applicability to existing assessment techniques used in medicine, nursing and health sciences. Discussion Only two validated assessment tools have been developed to specifically assess all aspects of EBP competence. Of the two tools (Berlin and Fresno tools, only the Fresno tool comprehensively assesses EBP competency across all relevant domains. However, both tools focus on assessing EBP competency in medical students; therefore neither can be used for assessing EBP competency across different health disciplines. The Objective Structured Clinical Exam (OSCE has been demonstrated as a reliable and versatile tool to assess clinical competencies, practical and communication skills. The OSCE has scope as an alternate method for assessing EBP competency, since it combines assessment of cognitive skills including knowledge, reasoning and communication. However, further research is needed to develop the OSCE as a viable method for assessing EBP competency. Summary Demonstrating EBP competence is a complex task – therefore no single assessment method can adequately provide all of the necessary data to assess complete EBP competence. There is a need for further research to explore how EBP competence is best assessed; be it in written formats, such as the Fresno tool, or another format, such as the OSCE. Future tools must also incorporate measures of assessing how EBP competence affects clinician behaviour and attitudes as

  3. Applying a Web and Simulation-Based System for Adaptive Competence Assessment of Spinal Anaesthesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hockemeyer, Cord; Nussbaumer, Alexander; Lövquist, Erik; Aboulafia, Annette; Breen, Dorothy; Shorten, George; Albert, Dietrich

    The authors present an approach for implementing a system for the assessment of medical competences using a haptic simulation device. Based on Competence based Knowledge Space Theory (CbKST), information on the learners’ competences is gathered from different sources (test questions, data from the simulator, and supervising experts’ assessments).

  4. Clinical competency assessment in intravenous therapy and vascular access: part 2.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Louise Hulse, Anna

    This article explores and critically evaluates clinical practice competencies as a form of assessment within post-registration nurse education, specifically relating to competence assessment of intravenous (IV) therapy. In the first article in this two-part series, 'Competency assessment in intravenous therapy and vascular access: part 1' (BJN, 22(16)), an in-depth literature review was carried out and applied to current competency assessment design. Clinical staff opinion was sought to evaluate users' opinions of this assessment method against recommended literature. The aim of both articles is to describe critically and analyse existing practice using this form of assessment, and relate other forms of assessment to IV therapy and vascular access clinical competence. A small-scale study was performed to evaluate whether clinical competency assessment is the most appropriate form of assessment of IV therapy and vascular access skills. A questionnaire was designed to assess nurse opinion in relation to advantages (positives) and disadvantages (negatives) of clinical practice competency assessment; 35 randomly selected post-registered nurses were included in the sample. Findings illustrated that clinical competency assessment is the most appropriate form for the assessment of clinical skills in IV therapy. However, recommendations were made for the possible use of Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE) assessment. Furthermore, this report recommends the assessment of theory and knowledge through written exams or multiple-choice questions (MCQs) as an addition to clinical practice competence assessment for IV therapy. PMID:24067310

  5. Partnering to provide simulated learning to address Interprofessional Education Collaborative core competencies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murphy, Judy I; Nimmagadda, Jayashree

    2015-05-01

    Learning to effectively communicate and work with other professionals requires skill, yet interprofessional education is often not included in the undergraduate healthcare provider curriculum. Simulation is an effective pedagogy to bring students from multiple professions together for learning. This article describes a pilot study where nursing and social work students learned together in a simulated learning activity, which was evaluated to by the Readiness for Interprofessional Learning Scale (RIPLS). The RIPLS was used before and after the simulated activity to determine if this form of education impacted students' perceptions of readiness to learn together. Students from both professions improved in their RIPLS scores. Students were also asked to identify their interprofessional strengths and challenges before and after the simulation. Changes were identified in qualitative data where reports of strengths and challenges indicated learning and growth had occurred. In conclusion, this pilot study suggests that interprofessional simulation can be an effective method to integrate Interprofessional Education Collaborative core competencies into the curriculum. PMID:25076021

  6. Teaching Competences Necessary for Developing Key Competences of Primary Education Students in Spain: Teacher Assessments

    Science.gov (United States)

    De-Juanas Oliva, Ángel; Martín del Pozo, Rosa; Pesquero Franco, Encarnación

    2016-01-01

    In Spain the syllabus of primary education students and their future teachers is broken down by competences. As teacher educators we were interested in finding out "which teaching competences teachers consider are most necessary to facilitate learning of student key competences." Therefore, we conducted a study with a sample of 286…

  7. On the Core Values and Core Competence of Universities%论大学核心价值观与核心竞争力

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马育秀

    2011-01-01

    大学核心竞争力由硬实力和软实力两部分组成。目前,学校往往只注重硬实力的建设,而相对忽视软实力的发展。大学核心价值观是大学软实力的中心环节,是一个大学区别于其他大学最重要的文化标志。在提升学校核心竞争力方面,核心价值观具有导向和规范、凝聚和激励、熏陶和辐射三大功能。凝练大学核心价值观应坚持共性和个性、继承和创新、简明性和深刻性、领导指引与全员参与四个方面的统一。弘扬大学核心价值观应从宣传、示范、熏陶等多方面着手,不断扩大影响力和知名度。%Core competence is composed of "hard competence'and "soft competence". At present, universities tend to attach more importance to the construction of hard competence.Core values is central elements of soft competence. As for enhancing core competence of universities, soft competence has three functions such as guidance and regulation, cohesion and motivation, influence and radiation, etc. To refine core values of universities, we should insist on four principle of the unification of commonality and individuality, inheritance and innovation, simplicity and profoundness. To carry forward core values of universities, we should adopt various methods such as publicity, demonstration and edification to constantly expand their influence and popularity.

  8. The impact of Core Competencies in improving the Organization commitment of employees in Mutah University in Jordan

    OpenAIRE

    Ahmad Izzoh Katawneh; Abdullah Osman

    2014-01-01

    This study aimed to identify the impact of Core Competencies (Core of Administrative functions, Administrative roles Communication Skills Self-development) in Improving the Organization commitment (normative commitment, affective commitment, continuous commitment) in Mutah University, To achieve the objectives of this study? a questionnaire was developed for data collection. The sample was valid for analysis was (329), where Version of (SPSS? 16) was used to analyze the questionnaire data ,Th...

  9. The New Reality of Competing: Strategic Marketing Intelligence and the Assessment of the Business Transformational Model Proposition

    OpenAIRE

    Nurhan Papatya; Gurcan Papatya

    2011-01-01

    Problem statement: The study contains "Strategic Marketing Intelligence (SMI)" contents and formation which are directed to the businesss permanent and continuous priority and the investigation of "transformational model proposition", designing bases, the thought of transformation to core competence and proposed models applicability and advantages. Approach: This study is handled as a qualitative assessment related to restricting content of the concepts and to theorize an explanatory hypothes...

  10. How to Establish the Core Competence in Enterprises%如何创建企业核心能力

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    齐捧虎; 穆耀

    2001-01-01

    运用系统分析方法,研究创建企业核心能力的问题,认为核心能力是企业竞争优势之根源,建立核心能力是企业决胜市场之关键。并进一步指出企业在创建核心能力时,要树立战略意图,借助资源杠杆,制定创建计划并坚持相应的原则,然后,通过内部的技术创新、功能整合,外部的知识联盟、兼并收购等途径,经过长期的不懈努力方可建立起核心能力。%Core competence is the source of competitive edge. The key to the market success of enterprises lies in the core competence.In the process of establishing core competence, the enterprise needs to set up the strategic intent, seek the aid of resource levers, work out the establishing plan and adhere to the relevant principles, and then make a sustained effort over a long period of time through the technical innovation and functional conformity within the enterprise as well as the knowledge alliance, external annexation and purchase, so as to establish its own core competence.

  11. The C's of Our Sea Change: Plans for Training Staff, from Core Competencies to Learning 2.0

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blowers, Helene; Reed, Lori

    2007-01-01

    This article explains a two-part plan, created by the people at the Public Library of Charlotte & Mecklenburg County (PLCMC), to help staff members keep up with the sea change of technology. A core competencies training program was developed. This keeps workers afloat by providing them with the technology skills they need to support the change…

  12. Linking the Prevention of Problem Behaviors and Positive Youth Development: Core Competencies for Positive Youth Development and Risk Prevention

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guerra, Nancy G.; Bradshaw, Catherine P.

    2008-01-01

    In this chapter, we present a brief review of the developmental literature linking healthy adjustment to five core competencies: (1) positive sense of self, (2) self-control, (3) decision-making skills, (4) a moral system of belief, and (5) prosocial connectedness. A central premise of this chapter and the rest of the volume is that promoting…

  13. Examining the Effects of a National League for Nursing Core Competencies Workshop as an Intervention to Improve Nurse Faculty Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    VanBever Wilson, Robin R.

    2010-01-01

    Due to the complex challenges facing schools of nursing, a research study was implemented to introduce nurse faculty at one small rural northeastern Tennessee school of nursing to the NLN "Core Competencies for Nurse Educators". Utilizing Kalb's Nurse Faculty Self-Evaluation Tool as a pre- and post-intervention test, 30 nurse faculty members…

  14. The Use of Cultural Historical Activity Theory (CHAT) within a Constructivist Learning Environment to Develop Core Competencies in Social Work

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fire, Nancy; Casstevens, W. J.

    2013-01-01

    Achieving foundation-level practice behaviors to develop social work core competencies involves integrating learning across a curriculum. This article focuses on two phases of foundation-level course redevelopment aimed to support graduate students in accomplishing this outcome. The first phase involved restructuring the course to become a…

  15. Genetic education and the challenge of genomic medicine: development of core competences to support preparation of health professionals in Europe

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skirton, Heather; Lewis, Celine; Kent, Alastair;

    2010-01-01

    professional education and regulation between European countries, setting curricula may not be practical. Core competences are used as a basis for health professional education in many fields and settings. An Expert Group working under the auspices of the EuroGentest project and European Society of Human...... Genetics Education Committee agreed that a pragmatic solution to the need to establish common standards for education and practice in genetic health care was to agree to a set of core competences that could apply across Europe. These were agreed through an exhaustive process of consultation with relevant......The use of genetics and genomics within a wide range of health-care settings requires health professionals to develop expertise to practise appropriately. There is a need for a common minimum standard of competence in genetics for health professionals in Europe but because of differences in...

  16. Assessing interprofessional competence using a prospective reflective portfolio.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Domac, Sezer; Anderson, Liz; O'Reilly, Michelle; Smith, Roger

    2015-05-01

    The assessment of interprofessional competence or capability following interprofessional education (IPE) remains essential if we are to ensure future practitioners who are able to work in teams and collaborate for improved health outcomes. Any IPE curriculum must design and describe its theoretical stance and this also applies to how learning will be assessed. This article reports on a study of the use of an IPE portfolio by students across 10 professions as a flexible framework for students to demonstrate their learning. Using a qualitative approach, the completed portfolios of a proportion of students from medicine, social work, and speech and language therapy were read, and a sub-set of students were interviewed to gain their perceptions of this assessment process. The findings are discussed in the light of the value of reflection for learning to consolidate interprofessional understanding. The study highlights how emotional and cognitive learning triggers lead to new understandings for collaborative practice reached only because students were able to reflect on their experiences. The portfolio is now summative and includes other assessment components. PMID:25421452

  17. The validity and reliability of an instrument to assess nursing competencies in spiritual care

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Leeuwen, Rene; Tiesinga, Lucas J.; Middel, Berrie; Post, Doeke; Jochemsen, Henk

    2009-01-01

    Aim. This study contributes to the development of a valid and reliable instrument, the spiritual care competence scale, as an instrument to assess nurses' competencies in providing spiritual care. Background. Measuring these competencies and their development is important and the construction of a r

  18. The validity and reliability of an instrument to assess nursing competencies in spiritual care

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Leeuwen, R.R.; Tiesinga, L.J.; Middel, L.J.; Post, D.; Jochemsen, H.

    2009-01-01

    Aim. This study contributes to the development of a valid and reliable instrument, the spiritual care competence scale, as an instrument to assess nurses’ competencies in providing spiritual care. Background. Measuring these competencies and their development is important and the construction of a r

  19. Administrative academicians or academic administrators: competence assessment model of university staff reserves

    OpenAIRE

    Lazarenko Victor Anatolyevich; Nikishina Vera Borisovna

    2015-01-01

    Modern academic functionality is focused on scientific and methodological, administrative and service competences. The developed competence-based assessment model of university staff reserves integrates a scoring approach in evaluating the effectiveness of teachers’ activities and the functionality process approach, within which the formation of competence-based potential of university staff reserve is carried out.

  20. E-assessment of student-teachers’ competence as new teachers

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Admiraal, Wilfried; Janssen, Tanja; Huizenga, Jantina; Kranenburg, Frans; Taconis, Ruurd; Corda, Alessandra

    2014-01-01

    In teacher education programmes, text-based portfolios are generally used to assess student-teachers’ competence as new teachers. However, striking discrepancies are known to exist between the competencies reflected in a written portfolio and the competencies observed in actual classroom practice. M

  1. Predictability of Competing Measures of Core Inflation: An Application for Peru Predictability of Competing Measures of Core Inflation: An Application for Peru

    OpenAIRE

    Luis F. Zegarra; Eduardo Morón

    1999-01-01

    A central element of an inflation targeting approach to monetary policy is a proper measure of inflation. The international evidence suggests the use of core inflation measures. In this paper we claim that core inflation should be measured as the underlying trend of inflation that comes from nominal shocks that have no real effect in the long term. However, most of the time core inflation is computed zero weighting observations at the tail of the inflation distribution. Quah and Vahey (1996) ...

  2. Core informatics competencies for clinical and translational scientists: what do our customers and collaborators need to know?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valenta, Annette L; Meagher, Emma A; Tachinardi, Umberto; Starren, Justin

    2016-07-01

    Since the inception of the Clinical and Translational Science Award (CTSA) program in 2006, leaders in education across CTSA sites have been developing and updating core competencies for Clinical and Translational Science (CTS) trainees. By 2009, 14 competency domains, including biomedical informatics, had been identified and published. Since that time, the evolution of the CTSA program, changes in the practice of CTS, the rapid adoption of electronic health records (EHRs), the growth of biomedical informatics, the explosion of big data, and the realization that some of the competencies had proven to be difficult to apply in practice have made it clear that the competencies should be updated. This paper describes the process undertaken and puts forth a new set of competencies that has been recently endorsed by the Clinical Research Informatics Workgroup of AMIA. In addition to providing context and background for the current version of the competencies, we hope this will serve as a model for revision of competencies over time. PMID:27121608

  3. EVALUATION OF A WEB-BASED COMPETENCY ASSESSMENT SYSTEM: A PROTOTYPING APPROACH IN TAIWAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sheng-I Sunc

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available A valid organization-wide needs assessment is a necessary precursor to successful competency development. This paper summarizes a framework for an effective needs assessment for competency-based development, and introduces an efficient web-based tool to manage the process. The web-based competency assessment system integrates survey design and on-line data collection with gap analysis techniques. A prototyping evaluation is conducted to assess the acceptability of the proposed framework. The evaluation of a prototype system by a group of Taiwan's experienced human resource managers showed a general acceptance and readiness in adopting efficiency-enhancing technologies to develop organizational competencies.

  4. Assessment of SFR core disassembly behavior

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An effort has been made to analyze the hypothetical super-prompt-critical power excursions triggered by the reactivity insertion at an extremely large ramp rate into the sodium-voided core of a SFR. The system investigated in this study is the KALIMER-150 core, which is a pool-type sodium cooled prototype fast reactor that uses U-TRU-Zr metallic fuel to generate 392 MWt of power. The core utilizes a heterogeneous core configuration with the driver fuel and internal blanket zones alternately loaded in the radial direction. The density-dependent equations of state of pressure-energy density relationship developed for the metallic fuel U-Pu-Zr were implemented into the VENUS-II code, which was subsequently used in this study for analyzing the core disruptive accident. The equations of state for the single-phase liquid of the metallic uranium fuel were derived based on the van der Waals model, while a correlation recently developed for the saturated vapor pressure is used when the fuel is in the two-phase region. The results show that the extreme power excursion driven by inserting the reactivity at a rate of 100$/s is terminated without progressing into the single-phase region. (author)

  5. Assessing Toddler Language Competence: Agreement of Parents' and Preschool Teachers' Assessments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marjanovic-Umek, Ljubica; Fekonja, Urska; Podlesek, Anja; Kranjc, Simona

    2011-01-01

    According to the findings of several studies, parents' assessments of their toddler's language are valid and reliable evaluations of children's language competence, especially at early development stages. This study examined whether preschool teachers, who spend a relatively great deal of time with toddlers in various preschool activities and…

  6. Analytical Chemistry Core Capability Assessment - Preliminary Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Barr, Mary E. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Farish, Thomas J. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2012-05-16

    The concept of 'core capability' can be nebulous one. Even at a fairly specific level, where core capability equals maintaining essential services, it is highly dependent upon the perspective of the requestor. Samples are submitted to analytical services because the requesters do not have the capability to conduct adequate analyses themselves. Some requests are for general chemical information in support of R and D, process control, or process improvement. Many analyses, however, are part of a product certification package and must comply with higher-level customer quality assurance requirements. So which services are essential to that customer - just those for product certification? Does the customer also (indirectly) need services that support process control and improvement? And what is the timeframe? Capability is often expressed in terms of the currently utilized procedures, and most programmatic customers can only plan a few years out, at best. But should core capability consider the long term where new technologies, aging facilities, and personnel replacements must be considered? These questions, and a multitude of others, explain why attempts to gain long-term consensus on the definition of core capability have consistently failed. This preliminary report will not try to define core capability for any specific program or set of programs. Instead, it will try to address the underlying concerns that drive the desire to determine core capability. Essentially, programmatic customers want to be able to call upon analytical chemistry services to provide all the assays they need, and they don't want to pay for analytical chemistry services they don't currently use (or use infrequently). This report will focus on explaining how the current analytical capabilities and methods evolved to serve a variety of needs with a focus on why some analytes have multiple analytical techniques, and what determines the infrastructure for these analyses. This

  7. Analytical Chemistry Core Capability Assessment - Preliminary Report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The concept of 'core capability' can be nebulous one. Even at a fairly specific level, where core capability equals maintaining essential services, it is highly dependent upon the perspective of the requestor. Samples are submitted to analytical services because the requesters do not have the capability to conduct adequate analyses themselves. Some requests are for general chemical information in support of R and D, process control, or process improvement. Many analyses, however, are part of a product certification package and must comply with higher-level customer quality assurance requirements. So which services are essential to that customer - just those for product certification? Does the customer also (indirectly) need services that support process control and improvement? And what is the timeframe? Capability is often expressed in terms of the currently utilized procedures, and most programmatic customers can only plan a few years out, at best. But should core capability consider the long term where new technologies, aging facilities, and personnel replacements must be considered? These questions, and a multitude of others, explain why attempts to gain long-term consensus on the definition of core capability have consistently failed. This preliminary report will not try to define core capability for any specific program or set of programs. Instead, it will try to address the underlying concerns that drive the desire to determine core capability. Essentially, programmatic customers want to be able to call upon analytical chemistry services to provide all the assays they need, and they don't want to pay for analytical chemistry services they don't currently use (or use infrequently). This report will focus on explaining how the current analytical capabilities and methods evolved to serve a variety of needs with a focus on why some analytes have multiple analytical techniques, and what determines the infrastructure for these analyses. This information will be

  8. What Should Common Core Assessments Measure?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chandler, Kayla; Fortune, Nicholas; Lovett, Jennifer N.; Scherrer, Jimmy

    2016-01-01

    The Common Core State Standards for mathematics promote ideals about learning mathematics by providing specific standards focused on conceptual understanding and incorporating practices in which students must participate to develop conceptual understanding. Thus, how we define learning is pivotal because our current definition isn't aligned with…

  9. How does the medical graduates' self-assessment of their clinical competency differ from experts' assessment?

    OpenAIRE

    Abadel Fatima Taleb; Hattab Abdulla Saeed

    2013-01-01

    Abstract Background The assessment of the performance of medical school graduates during their first postgraduate years provides an early indicator of the quality of the undergraduate curriculum and educational process. The objective of this study was to assess the clinical competency of medical graduates, as perceived by the graduates themselves and by the experts. Methods This is a hospital based cross-sectional study. It covered 105 medical graduates and 63 experts selected by convenient s...

  10. Assessment of competence for caesarean section with global rating scale

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To establish as reliable and valid the nine-point global rating scale for assessing residents' independent performance of Caesarean Section. Methods: The validation study was conducted at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Aga Khan University Hospital, from April to December 2008, and comprised 15 residents during 40 Caesarean Sections over 9 months. Independently two evaluators rated each procedure and the difficulty of each case. Results: The observations per faculty ranged from 1-8 (mean 4.07+- 2.56). The Year 4 residents were observed the most i.e. 32 (40%), followed by Year 3, 30 (37.5%); Year 2; 14 (17.5%); and Year 1, 4 (5%). Mean time required for observation of the surgery was 43.81+-14.28 (range: 20-90) with a mode of 45 min. Mean aggregate rating on all items showed gradual progression with the year of residency. The assessment tool had an internal consistency reliability (Cronbach's alpha) of 0.9097 with low inter-rater reliability. Conclusion: The evaluation tool was found to be reliable and valid for evaluating a resident's competence for performing Caesarean Section. Training of the assessors is required for a better inter-rater agreement. (author)

  11. Reviewing Residents' Competence : A Qualitative Study of the Role of Clinical Competency Committees in Performance Assessment

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hauer, Karen E.; Chesluk, Benjamin; Iobst, William; Holmboe, Eric; Baron, Robert B.; Boscardin, Christy K.; ten Cate, Olle; O'Sullivan, Patricia S.

    2015-01-01

    Purpose Clinical competency committees (CCCs) are now required in graduate medical education. This study examined how residency programs understand and operationalize this mandate for resident performance review. Method In 2013, the investigators conducted semistructured interviews with 34 residency

  12. Training Needs Assessment for Leaders in Nursing Based on Comparison of Competency Models

    OpenAIRE

    Kvas Andreja; Seljak Janko; Stare Janez

    2014-01-01

    Background and Purpose: The main purpose behind the formation of leadership competency models must be the improvement of leadership. A competency model should serve as one of the tools for selecting the most suitable leaders, appraising their work, assessing training needs and preparing programmes of functional and formal education. The objective of this research is to assess the training needs of leaders in health care. A comparison of leadership competency models between different professio...

  13. Training needs assessment for leaders in nursing based on comparison of competency models:

    OpenAIRE

    Kvas, Andreja; Seljak, Janko; Stare, Janez

    2014-01-01

    Background and Purpose: The main purpose behind the formation of leadership competency models must be the improvement of leadership. A competency model should serve as one of the tools for selecting the most suitable leaders, appraising their work, assessing training needs and preparing programmes of functional and formal education. The objective of this research is to assess the training needs of leaders in health care. A comparison of leadership competency models between different professio...

  14. Programmatic assessment of competency-based workplace learning: when theory meets practice

    OpenAIRE

    Bok, H.G.; Teunissen, P.W.; Favier, R.P.; Rietbroek, N.J.; Theyse, L.F.; Brommer, H.; Haarhuis, J.C.; van Beukelen, P.; Van der Vleuten, C. P. M.; Jaarsma, D.A.

    2013-01-01

    BACKGROUND: In competency-based medical education emphasis has shifted towards outcomes, capabilities, and learner-centeredness. Together with a focus on sustained evidence of professional competence this calls for new methods of teaching and assessment. Recently, medical educators advocated the use of a holistic, programmatic approach towards assessment. Besides maximum facilitation of learning it should improve the validity and reliability of measurements and documentation of competence dev...

  15. Core meltdown assessment in the GCFR

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper discusses the chronological sequence of events and supporting analysis during a total loss of all coolant circulation in the GCFR with top supported core. Redundant and diverse cooling systems provided for decay heat removal reduce the probability of this postulated event below the range of plant design bases. It is nevertheless considered to investigate the potential for consequence mitigation and containment margin. Two distinct phases of the sequence are discussed: 1) the core response to a total loss of coolant circulation and 2) the capability of the PCRV to retain molten fuel debris. GCFR specific design features to prevent recriticality and fuel vaporization due to fuel slumping are under investigation. Analytical and experimental work is in progress to evaluate the feasibility of such early accident termination mechanisms. Several concepts for post accident fuel containment have been identified and appear technically feasible

  16. Predictive validity of measurements of clinical competence using the team objective structured bedside assessment (TOSBA): assessing the clinical competence of final year medical students.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Meagher, Frances M

    2009-11-01

    The importance of valid and reliable assessment of student competence and performance is gaining increased recognition. Provision of valid patient-based formative assessment is an increasing challenge for clinical teachers in a busy hospital setting. A formative assessment tool that reliably predicts performance in the summative setting would be of value to both students and teachers.

  17. Assessing Knowledge Base on Geriatric Competencies for Emergency Medicine Residents

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Teresita M. Hogan

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Emergency care of older adults requires specialized knowledge of their unique physiology, atypical presentations, and care transitions. Older adults often require distinctive assessment, treatment and disposition. Emergency medicine (EM residents should develop expertise and efficiency in geriatric care. Older adults represent over 25% of most emergency department (ED volumes. Yet many EM residencies lack curricula or assessment tools for competent geriatric care. Fully educating residents in emergency geriatric care can demand large amounts of limited conference time. The Geriatric Emergency Medicine Competencies (GEMC are high-impact geriatric topics developed to help residencies efficiently and effectively meet this training demand. This study examines if a 2-hour didactic intervention can significantly improve resident knowledge in 7 key domains as identified by the GEMC across multiple programs. Methods: A validated 29-question didactic test was administered at six EM residencies before and after a GEMC-focused lecture delivered in summer and fall of 2009. We analyzed scores as individual questions and in defined topic domains using a paired student t test. Results: A total of 301 exams were administered; 86 to PGY1, 88 to PGY2, 86 to PGY3, and 41 to PGY4 residents. The testing of didactic knowledge before and after the GEMC educational intervention had high internal reliability (87.9%. The intervention significantly improved scores in all 7 GEMC domains (improvement 13.5% to 34.6%; p<0.001. For all questions, the improvement was 23% (37.8% pre, 60.8% post; P<0.001 Graded increase in geriatric knowledge occurred by PGY year with the greatest improvement post intervention seen at the PGY 3 level (PGY1 19.1% versus PGY3 27.1%. Conclusion: A brief GEMC intervention had a significant impact on EM resident knowledge of critical geriatric topics. Lectures based on the GEMC can be a high-yield tool to enhance resident knowledge of

  18. Identification and Assessment of Intercultural Competence as a Student Outcome of Internationalization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deardorff, Darla K.

    2006-01-01

    This study seeks to determine a definition and appropriate assessment methods of inter-cultural competence as agreed on by a panel of internationally known intercultural scholars. This information is validated by a sample of higher education administrators and can be used by administrators in identifying and assessing intercultural competence as a…

  19. Assessment challenges in competency-based education: A case study in health professions education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fitzgerald, James T; Burkhardt, John C; Kasten, Steven J; Mullan, Patricia B; Santen, Sally A; Sheets, Kent J; Tsai, Antonius; Vasquez, John A; Gruppen, Larry D

    2016-05-01

    There is a growing demand for health sciences faculty with formal training in education. Addressing this need, the University of Michigan Medical School created a Master in Health Professions Education (UM-MHPE). The UM-MHPE is a competency-based education (CBE) program targeting professionals. The program is individualized and adaptive to the learner's situation using personal mentoring. Critical to CBE is an assessment process that accurately and reliably determines a learner's competence in educational domains. The program's assessment method has two principal components: an independent assessment committee and a learner repository. Learners submit evidence of competence that is evaluated by three independent assessors. The assessments are presented to an Assessment Committee who determines whether the submission provides evidence of competence. The learner receives feedback on the submission and, if needed, the actions needed to reach competency. During the program's first year, six learners presented 10 submissions for review. Assessing learners in a competency-based program has created challenges; setting standards that are not readily quantifiable is difficult. However, we argue it is a more genuine form of assessment and that this process could be adapted for use within most competency-based formats. While our approach is demanding, we document practical learning outcomes that assess competence. PMID:26052881

  20. Genetic education and the challenge of genomic medicine: development of core competences to support preparation of health professionals in Europe

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skirton, Heather; Lewis, Celine; Kent, Alastair;

    2010-01-01

    health professionals and patient groups. Sets of competences for practitioners working in primary, secondary and tertiary care have been agreed and were approved by the European Society of Human Genetics. The competences provide an appropriate framework for genetics education of health professionals...... professional education and regulation between European countries, setting curricula may not be practical. Core competences are used as a basis for health professional education in many fields and settings. An Expert Group working under the auspices of the EuroGentest project and European Society of Human...... across national boundaries, and the suggested learning outcomes are available to guide development of curricula that are appropriate to the national context, educational system and health-care setting of the professional involved. Collaboration between individuals from many European countries and...

  1. Analyzing the Dependency Between National Logistics Performance and Competitiveness: Which Logistics Competence is Core for National Strategy?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Burmaoglu Serhat

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available With the advancements in the strategic management field, logistics management has changed considerably and logistics competency has emerged as a new and important area of research. In this regard, the purpose of this study is to find the core logistics abilities, which enable nations to achieve a competitive advantage in the logistics market. Two different data sets, one from World Economic Forum and the other from the World Bank were used. Cluster and discriminant analysis were used to answer the research questions. The results indicated that while the logistics infrastructure and the customs were absolute in determining a high-competitive country, the logistics competence and the tracking & tracing were the core logistics abilities needed to sustain the competitive advantage in long term. The implications of these results are also discussed.

  2. Competency Assessment and Human Resource Management of County Extension Chairs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lindner, James R.

    The purpose of this descriptive and correlational study was to examine perceptions of Ohio State University Extension county chairs regarding their human resource management competencies and performance of human resource management activities. The study also sought to describe the relationship between human resource management competencies and…

  3. Video Narratives to Assess Student Teachers' Competence as New Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Admiraal, Wilfried; Berry, Amanda

    2016-01-01

    In teacher education programmes, written portfolios or text-based self-evaluations are generally used to document the development of student teachers' competence. However, such approaches do no justice to the complex nature of teaching as they tend to lead to evidence in which teacher competencies are disconnected and removed from the actual…

  4. Increasing Cultural Competence through Needs Assessment and Professional Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Natasha L.; Bahr, Michael W.

    2014-01-01

    The increasing cultural diversity of American students makes it imperative for school-based professionals to engage in culturally-competent practice, thereby ensuring high-quality mental health services. Although most cultural competence training occurs in university programs, research shows practicing mental health professionals would benefit…

  5. Reliable and valid assessment of ultrasound operator competence in obstetrics and gynecology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tolsgaard, M G; Ringsted, C; Dreisler, E;

    2014-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: To explore the reliability and validity of a recently developed instrument for assessment of ultrasound operator competence, the Objective Structured Assessment of Ultrasound Skills (OSAUS). METHODS: Three groups of 10 doctors with different levels of ultrasound experience in obstetrics...

  6. Self-assessment of nursing informatics competencies for doctor of nursing practice students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Choi, Jeungok; Zucker, Donna M

    2013-01-01

    This study examined the informatics competencies of doctor of nursing practice (DNP) students and whether these competencies differed between DNP students in the post-baccalaureate (BS) and post-master's (MS) tracks. Self-reported informatics competencies were collected from 132 DNP students (68 post-BS and 64 post-MS students) in their first year in the program (2007 to 2010). Students were assessed in 18 areas of 3 competency categories: computer skills, informatics knowledge, and informatics skills. Post-BS students were competent in 4 areas (computer skills in communication, systems, documentation, and informatics knowledge about impact of information management), whereas post-MS students were competent in only 1 area (computer skills in communication). Students in both tracks reported computer skills in decision support as their least competent area. Overall, post-BS students reported slightly higher than or similar competency scores as post-MS students, but scores were statistically significant in only 3 of 18 areas. The assessment indicated that knowledge and skills on informatics competencies need to be improved, especially in computer skills for data access and use of decision support systems. Strategies are suggested to integrate competencies into existing informatics course and DNP curricula. Further studies are recommended using an objective measure of informatics competencies. PMID:24267932

  7. Construct validation of teacher portfolio assessment : Procedures for improving teacher competence assessment illustrated by teaching students research skills

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schaaf, M.F. van der

    2005-01-01

    The study aims to design and test procedures for teacher portfolio assessments. What are suitable procedures to assess teachers' competencies in developing students' research skills? We first searched into the tasks teachers have in teaching students research skills and the competencies needed to f

  8. A scoring framework for assessing anatomy competence of undergraduate preclinical students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raubenheimer, Daleen; Raubenheimer, Jacques Eugene; van Zyl, Sanet

    2016-07-01

    Recent higher education changes toward outcomes-based education emphasize competent learners, but a widely accepted definition of competence is still lacking. Although the importance of anatomy in health professions education is recognized, there is still uncertainty about what anatomical competence entails and how to assess it. This study aimed to provide a framework for assessing anatomical competence, using an anatomy competence score, for the anatomy course in the undergraduate medical learning program at the University of the Free State in South Africa. All assessments within the dissection program of two student groups (July 2012 to June 2014) were explored to determine the representation of the three competence domains: knowledge, skill and application in context. Student performance in the final objective structured practical examination (OSPE) was investigated for the three domains and the different body regions. Knowledge had ±50% representation in assessments and the different body regions (in final OSPE) for both groups, and skill and application represented ±25% each in both groups. The best average student performance was in the skill domain (64% and 67% for the respective groups). All domains showed good reliabilities (> 0.75) and student performance correlated well between the domains (P competence assessment. However, this ratio depends on the assessment type, the stage of the anatomy course and the institutional context. Nonetheless, it provides a guideline for ensuring that assessments address all competence domains. Anat Sci Educ 9: 319-329. © 2015 American Association of Anatomists. PMID:26588194

  9. An industrial application of the resource based view: towards a universal methodology for identifying core competencies within an SME

    OpenAIRE

    Maddocks, Thomas

    2011-01-01

    Since the early 1990’s the resource based view and core competency concepts have been the focus of strategic management within academia and industry alike. However, it is largely documented that the vast majority of the research which has been conducted has been centred on large complex firms, often operating multibusiness and/ or multinational business strategies. This thesis addresses this void in the body of literature by studying the implications of applying the resource based view and co...

  10. Exploring the relationship between the configurations of international construction majors and the effectiveness with which they develop their core competencies

    OpenAIRE

    Zoiopoulos, I. I.

    2011-01-01

    This research explores the relationship between the configurations that international construction majors (ICMs) adopt and the effectiveness with which they develop their core competencies. Its significance lies with the fact that - due to the project-based, diversified and internationalized nature of ICMs - findings from this research not only contribute to our knowledge regarding the strategic management of large construction organizations, but also to our knowledge regarding...

  11. Life Cycle Theory of Firm's Core Competence%企业核心能力生命周期论

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭斌

    2001-01-01

    本文提出了“企业核心能力生命周期”理论,通过研究企业核心能力的动态演化来揭示企业创新过程对企业竞争优势的影响。技术过程与组织过程之间的交互作用对企业核心能力演化存在较强的影响力,而产业动态则对核心能力的演化起着选择机制的作用。在产业演化的不同阶段,存在着不同的“产业竞争焦点”,预见产业竞争焦点的变化并进行适时的企业核心能力跃迁对于企业竞争优势而言是非常重要的。企业为了获取持续竞争优势,必须适时完成“跃迁”过程,使企业核心能力能够适应产业动态的更迭。%This paper puts forward the Life Cycle Theory of Firm's Core Competence. By study on the dynamic evolution of firm's core competence, it reveals the impact of innovation process on the competitive advantage of the firm. The interactions between technological process and organizational process has strong influence on the evolution of firm's core competence., while the industry dynamics play an role as selection mechanism. In the different stage of industry evolution, there is different competition focus, foresights of industry competition focus changes are crucial to the sustainable competitive advantage, i.e., firms have to leap their core competence in a timely way.

  12. CUSTOMER RELATIONS INFLUENCE AND IT’S RELATIONSHIP WITH CORE COMPETENCE : A CASE OF MOBILE COMMUNICATION SERVICE PROVIDERS

    OpenAIRE

    Mussa, Emmanuel M Mwanakatwe; Joachim N

    2011-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this thesis is to study and show how a customer relation through its strategic key elements is related to Core competence. Design and Methodology: This is a case study approach involving multiple cases for mobile telecommunication service providers from two countries namely, Tanzania and Zambia employing a qualitative research design. Literature review and theoretical framework resulted into a proposal of a theoretical model of relationship between Customer relations a...

  13. Research and practice on the training mode of the core competence about the application-oriented electrical information engineering undergraduate

    OpenAIRE

    Bai Jing; Song Yanxia

    2016-01-01

    Nowadays, the method of cultivating talents in colleges and universities is out of line with the social demand on the training goal of electrical information talents in local application-oriented colleges and universities. To solve this problem, this paper put forward the concept of “five view” about the engineering education (practice) and the engineering core competence, systematically solved the key problems such as the training mode of application-oriented undergraduate, positioning, teac...

  14. Core Competence And Sustainable Competitive Adventage Of Small Silk Weaving Industries (SIs) In Wajo District, South Sulawesi

    OpenAIRE

    Mappigau, Palmarudi

    2008-01-01

    studi connectedness between the research and practical use within SIs, specially within the framework of the development of regional competitiveness. The aim of this study is to identify and determine core competence and sustainable competitive advantage (SCA) of the small silk weaving industries in Wajo District, and to formulate its road map development. Data and information are collected using several instruments : questionnaire, depth interview, and public consultation through...

  15. Core competencies in the science and practice of knowledge translation: description of a Canadian strategic training initiative

    OpenAIRE

    Straus Sharon E; Brouwers Melissa; Johnson David; Lavis John N; Légaré France; Majumdar Sumit R; McKibbon K Ann; Sales Anne E; Stacey Dawn; Klein Gail; Grimshaw Jeremy

    2011-01-01

    Abstract Background Globally, healthcare systems are attempting to optimize quality of care. This challenge has resulted in the development of implementation science or knowledge translation (KT) and the resulting need to build capacity in both the science and practice of KT. Findings We are attempting to meet these challenges through the creation of a national training initiative in KT. We have identified core competencies in this field and have developed a series of educational courses and ...

  16. Did concentration on core competencies drive merger and acquisition activities in the 1990s? Empirical evidence for Germany.

    OpenAIRE

    Hussinger, Katrin

    2005-01-01

    In the context of increasing globalization of markets, merger and acquisition activities in the 1990s are said to be driven by reorganization processes with respect to concentration on firms? core competencies in order to increase or maintain market power in international markets. This paper empirically investigates a sample of German domestic mergers in the 1990s to detect the impact of technology and market relatedness on the choice of the merging partner. Results from a conditional logit m...

  17. Assessment of ERANOS for HPLWR core analyses

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The High Performance Light Water Reactor (HPLWR) is an innovative thermal spectrum nuclear reactor concept in which water at supercritical pressure is used both as neutron moderator and as coolant. The usage of a deterministic tool for neutronic analyses of the HPLWR core is preferred to that of Monte Carlo techniques mainly because of computational time reduction but also because of higher flexibility in dealing with temperature dependent cross-sections; for these reasons, ERANOS has been chosen. Verification of the developed geometry models and selected calculation procedure is mandatory when applying ERANOS to this innovative reactor concept, since the code has been originally developed for fast reactors. This task is achieved by means of code-to-code comparison, choosing MCNP5, which ensures correct geometry representation and provides a continuous energy treatment, even if, to the authors' knowledge, lacks of extensive validation of the thermal scattering data for the considered water temperature and pressure ranges. Two main spatial scales, associated to the usage of a deterministic code, require attention: 1) cell calculations, in which macroscopic self-shielded cross-sections are generated, 2) 3D calculations. A very good agreement between the codes is obtained for both cell and 3D fuel assembly calculations. The developed 3D core model has been verified by a comparison of different ERANOS modules because of the high computational power request by MCNP5. The results shown ensure the applicability of ERANOS to HPLWR analyses when using adequate calculation procedures. (authors)

  18. Connotation research on core competence in higher vocational colleges%高职院校核心竞争力内涵研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王敏; 刘梅

    2014-01-01

    文章对高职院校核心竞争力内涵进行了深入研究。文章首先阐述了核心竞争力的概念,继而分析了高职院校核心竞争力的构成要素以及高职院校核心竞争力的六大特征,以期能为高职院校提升其核心竞争力提供有力的理论依据。%This paper studies the connotation of core competene in higher vocational colleges in detail. Firstly, it expounds the concept of core competence, and then analyzes the components of core competence in higher vocational colleges and the six characteristics of core competence so as to provide strong theoretical basis for higher vocational colleges to enhance their core competence.

  19. Competencies for public health finance: an initial assessment and recommendations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gillespie, Kathleen N; Kurz, Richard S; McBride, Timothy; Schmitz, Homer H

    2004-01-01

    The purpose of the study in this article was to identify The needs of public health managers with regard to public health finance. A survey of public health practitioners regarding competencies was conducted and a review of course offerings in finance among schools of public health was performed. Most public health practitioners surveyed believe that a broad array of management competencies are required to administer the finances of a public health facility or department. Respondents added 35 competencies to those initially given to them for review. Most added competencies that were more specific than the original competencies or could be viewed as subpoints of the original competencies. Many schools offered no courses specifically addressing public health care finance, with a few offering at most only one public health finance course. All schools offered at least one corporate finance course, and the majority offered two or more courses. We conclude with a number of recommendations for education and competency development, suggesting several next steps that can advance the field of public health's understanding of what managers need to master in public health finance to effectively function as public health managers. PMID:15552772

  20. Core identity e core competence dello psicologo nella cooperazione allo sviluppo e nell’assistenza umanitaria. Una ricerca

    OpenAIRE

    Lorenza Rossi

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this research is to examine in depth the role of psychologistsin development cooperation and humanitarian assistance,defining their competence and identity. We aim also at understandingwhich space can community psychology have in these contexts. Themethod used is the content analysis, performed on 21 interviews, 12with psychologists and 9 with humanitarian agencies. Thanks to thisresearch it was possible to define the functions of the psychologist asan operator which works in t...

  1. Predictive validity of measurements of clinical competence using the team objective structured bedside assessment (TOSBA): assessing the clinical competence of final year medical students.

    OpenAIRE

    Meagher, Frances M; Butler, Marcus W.; Miller, Stanley DW; Costello, Richard; Conroy, Ronán; McElvaney, Noel G.

    2009-01-01

    BACKGROUND: The importance of valid and reliable assessment of student competence and performance is gaining increased recognition. Provision of valid patient-based formative assessment is an increasing challenge for clinical teachers in a busy hospital setting. A formative assessment tool that reliably predicts performance in the summative setting would be of value to both students and teachers. AIM: This study explores the utility of the team objective structured bedside assessment (TOSBA),...

  2. How to assess global management competencies: An investigation of existing instruments

    OpenAIRE

    Bücker, Joost; Poutsma, Erik

    2010-01-01

    Managers and employees need global leadership competencies in order to operate effectively in international business. In order to prepare both managers and employees for operating in the global arena an instrument measuring global leadership competencies would be very useful. In this article we design a framework for systematically assessing measurement instruments designed to measure Global Management Competencies (GMC). Based on an elaborate search, we found 23 instruments of varying qualit...

  3. The validity and reliability of an instrument to assess nursing competencies in spiritual care

    OpenAIRE

    van Leeuwen, Rene; Tiesinga, Lucas J.; Middel, Berrie; Post, Doeke; Jochemsen, Henk

    2009-01-01

    Aim. This study contributes to the development of a valid and reliable instrument, the spiritual care competence scale, as an instrument to assess nurses' competencies in providing spiritual care. Background. Measuring these competencies and their development is important and the construction of a reliable and valid instrument is recommended in the literature. Design. Survey. Method. The participants were students from Bachelor-level nursing schools in the Netherlands (n = 197) participating ...

  4. Measuring and assessing the development of foreign language writing competence

    OpenAIRE

    de Haan, Pieter; Esch, Kees van

    2008-01-01

    This paper discusses the development of writing skills of Dutch students of English and Spanish as foreign languages. Essays written in three consecutive years were analyzed for essay length, word length, and type/token ratio ??? reflecting linguistic competence. A selection of essays was analyzed for argument structure and the use of cohesive devices. These same essays were ranked holistically by experienced lecturers. Students develop linguistic and discourse competences, but...

  5. The online Prescriptive Index platform for the assessment of managerial competencies and coaching needs: development and initial validation of the experience sampling Mood Wheel and the Manager-Rational and Irrational Beliefs Scale

    OpenAIRE

    David, O.A.

    2013-01-01

    The Prescriptive Index platform is dedicated to the appraisal and development of managerial competencies, and it is comprised of such measures as the multi-rater Freeman-Gavita Prescriptive Executive Coaching (PEC) Assessment for assessing core managerial skills, and the multi-rater Managerial Coaching Assessment System (MCAS) for the evaluation of coaching competencies in managers. The aim of this research was to present the development and psychometric properties of new tools, part of the P...

  6. Mental models as moderating variable in 360 degree competency assessments

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. Theron

    2000-06-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to determine whether raterroups have different mental models regarding the construct that is being assessed. Sixty-eight marketing employees, working in the petro-chemical industry, were evaluated by themselves, their managers, customers and peers. The performance dimensions included in the Marketing Competency Questionnaire (MCQ were generated on a consensus basis between representatives of the different rater-groups in an attempt to improve the inter-rater reliabilities of the questionnaire. Item scores were inter-correlated and simplified factor scores were compiled for each of the rater-groups. These simplified factor scores were again intercorrelated and single factors with high internal consistencies for each rater-group were obtained. An inter-battery factor analysis between these factors yielded a single factor with different factor loads from the various rater-groups' factors. The implications for these findings are further discussed. Opsomming Die doel van hierdie studie is om vas te stel of beoordelingsgroepe verskillende denkbeelde het met betrekking tot die konstruk wat beoordeel word. Agt-en-sestig bemarkingspersone wat in die petro-chemiese bedryfwerksaam is, is deur hulleself, hulle bestuurders, kliente en medewerkers geevalueer. Die prestasiedimensies wat in die Bemarkingsbevoegdheidsvraelys (MCQ ingesluit is, is op n konsensusbasis tussen verteenwoordigers van die verskillende beoordelingsgroepe gegenereer in n poging om die tussen-beoordelaarbetroubaarhede van die vraelys te verhoog. Itemtellings is geinterkorreleer en vereenvoudigde faktortellings is vir elke beoordelingsgroep bereken. Hierdie vereenvoudigde faktortellings is weer geinterkorreleer en enkelfaktore met hoe interne betroubaarhede vir eike groep is verkry 'n Inter-battery faktorontleding tussen hierdie faktore het 'n enkele faktor met verskillende faktorladings vir faktore van die verskillende beoordelingsgroepe opgelewer. Die

  7. An Empirical Research on the Relationship among Knowledge Management, Knowledge Competence and Core Competence%知识管理、知识竞争力与核心竞争力关系的实证研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    洪江涛; 杨晓雁; 陈俊芳

    2013-01-01

    This paper targets the current six leading domestic IT manufacturing companies. It uses structural equation model to analyze the relationship among knowledge management, knowledge competence and core competence in their different business activities. The research results are as follows. Knowledge management has a positive direct effect on knowledge competence. Knowledge competence has a positive direct effect on core competence. Knowledge management has a positive direct effect on core competence. However, it has an indirect effect on core competence by way of knowledge competence. Knowledge competence is a medium between knowledge management and core competence. Conclusions of this paper can provide some theoretical guidance for the increase of Chinese IT industry' s international competitiveness based on knowledge.%以目前国内处于领先地位的6家信息技术(IT)制造企业为研究对象,利用结构方程模型分析其在不同业务活动上知识管理能力、知识竞争力水平以及核心竞争力大小之间的促进关系.研究结果表明:知识管理对知识竞争力有着直接的正向影响;知识竞争力对核心竞争力有着直接的正向影响;知识管理对核心竞争力有着直接的正向影响,但也通过知识竞争力间接影响核心竞争力大小,知识竞争力是知识管理与核心竞争力之间的中介变量.

  8. Using cloud-based mobile technology for assessment of competencies among medical students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gary S. Ferenchick

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Valid, direct observation of medical student competency in clinical settings remains challenging and limits the opportunity to promote performance-based student advancement. The rationale for direct observation is to ascertain that students have acquired the core clinical competencies needed to care for patients. Too often student observation results in highly variable evaluations which are skewed by factors other than the student’s actual performance. Among the barriers to effective direct observation and assessment include the lack of effective tools and strategies for assuring that transparent standards are used for judging clinical competency in authentic clinical settings. We developed a web-based content management system under the name, Just in Time Medicine (JIT, to address many of these issues. The goals of JIT were fourfold: First, to create a self-service interface allowing faculty with average computing skills to author customizable content and criterion-based assessment tools displayable on internet enabled devices, including mobile devices; second, to create an assessment and feedback tool capable of capturing learner progress related to hundreds of clinical skills; third, to enable easy access and utilization of these tools by faculty for learner assessment in authentic clinical settings as a means of just in time faculty development; fourth, to create a permanent record of the trainees’ observed skills useful for both learner and program evaluation. From July 2010 through October 2012, we implemented a JIT enabled clinical evaluation exercise (CEX among 367 third year internal medicine students. Observers (attending physicians and residents performed CEX assessments using JIT to guide and document their observations, record their time observing and providing feedback to the students, and their overall satisfaction. Inter-rater reliability and validity were assessed with 17 observers who viewed six videotaped student

  9. The small GTPase Cdc42 modulates the number of exocytosis-competent dense-core vesicles in PC12 cells

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: ► Regulation of exocytosis by Rho GTPase Cdc42. ► Cdc42 increases the number of fusion events from newly recruited vesicles. ► Cdc42 increases the number of exocytosis-competent dense-core vesicles. -- Abstract: Although the small GTPase Rho family Cdc42 has been shown to facilitate exocytosis through increasing the amount of hormones released, the precise mechanisms regulating the quantity of hormones released on exocytosis are not well understood. Here we show by live cell imaging analysis under TIRF microscope and immunocytochemical analysis under confocal microscope that Cdc42 modulated the number of fusion events and the number of dense-core vesicles produced in the cells. Overexpression of a wild-type or constitutively-active form of Cdc42 strongly facilitated high-KCl-induced exocytosis from the newly recruited plasma membrane vesicles in PC12 cells. By contrast, a dominant-negative form of Cdc42 inhibited exocytosis from both the newly recruited and previously docked plasma membrane vesicles. The number of intracellular dense-core vesicles was increased by the overexpression of both a wild-type and constitutively-active form of Cdc42. Consistently, activation of Cdc42 by overexpression of Tuba, a Golgi-associated guanine nucleotide exchange factor for Cdc42 increased the number of intracellular dense-core vesicles, whereas inhibition of Cdc42 by overexpression of the Cdc42/Rac interactive binding domain of neuronal Wiskott–Aldrich syndrome protein decreased the number of them. These findings suggest that Cdc42 facilitates exocytosis by modulating both the number of exocytosis-competent dense-core vesicles and the production of dense-core vesicles in PC12 cells.

  10. Competing Core Processes in Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD): Do Working Memory Deficiencies Underlie Behavioral Inhibition Deficits?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alderson, R. Matt; Rapport, Mark D.; Hudec, Kristen L.; Sarver, Dustin E.; Kofler, Michael J.

    2010-01-01

    The current study examined competing predictions of the working memory and behavioral inhibition models of ADHD. Behavioral inhibition was measured using a conventional stop-signal task, and central executive, phonological, and visuospatial working memory components (Baddeley 2007) were assessed in 14 children with ADHD and 13 typically developing…

  11. Design of a Competency-Based Assessment Model in the Field of Accounting

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ciudad-Gómez, Adelaida; Valverde-Berrocoso, Jesús

    2012-01-01

    This paper presents the phases involved in the design of a methodology to contribute both to the acquisition of competencies and to their assessment in the field of Financial Accounting, within the European Higher Education Area (EHEA) framework, which we call MANagement of COMpetence in the areas of Accounting (MANCOMA). Having selected and…

  12. Assessing Multicultural Competence in Counselor Trainees: A Review of Instrumentation and Future Directions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hays, Danica G.

    2008-01-01

    As the diversity within the U.S. population continues to increase, multicultural counseling competency (MCC) remains a central focus in counselor education and research. Accordingly, assessment of competencies is necessary to ensure culturally appropriate counseling services to an increasingly diverse clientele. This article discusses available…

  13. Assessment of effectiveness of Chinese aid in competence building and financing development in Sudan

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nour, S.

    2014-01-01

    Assessment of effectiveness of Chinese aid in competence building and financing development in Sudan by S. Nour [abstract] This paper discusses the effectiveness of Chinese aid for competence building and financing development in Sudan using new primary data at the micro level. We find that Chinese

  14. Validity of Subjective Self-Assessment of Digital Competence among Undergraduate Preservice Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maderick, Joseph Andrew

    2013-01-01

    Technology is now integrated into the Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge (TPACK) required to be a highly qualified 21st century teacher. Accurate measurement of digital competence has become critical. Self-assessment has been used widely to measure the digital competence of preservice teachers who are expected to integrate technology into…

  15. THE ISSUES OF STANDARDIZATION OF TEACHERS’ INFORMATION-COMMUNICATION COMPETENCY ASSESSMENT

    OpenAIRE

    Degtyaryova, Galina

    2014-01-01

    In the article the approaches to standardization of teachers’ ICT-competence assessment in Ukraine and abroad are singled out. The attention to the necessity of standards’ working out in Ukraine for teachers’ ICT-competence in the system of postgraduate education is made.

  16. Programmatic assessment of competency-based workplace learning: when theory meets practice

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bok, H.G.; Teunissen, P.W.; Favier, R.P.; Rietbroek, N.J.; Theyse, L.F.; Brommer, H.; Haarhuis, J.C.; Beukelen, P. van; Vleuten, C.P.M. van der; Jaarsma, D.A.

    2013-01-01

    BACKGROUND: In competency-based medical education emphasis has shifted towards outcomes, capabilities, and learner-centeredness. Together with a focus on sustained evidence of professional competence this calls for new methods of teaching and assessment. Recently, medical educators advocated the use

  17. The seismic assessment of fast reactor cores in the UK

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The design of the UK Commercial Demonstration Fast Reactor (CDFR) has evolved over a number of years. The design has to meet two seismic requirements: (i) the reactor must cause no hazard to the public during or after the Safe Shutdown Earthquake (SSE); (ii) there must be no sudden reduction in safety for an earthquake exceeding the SSE. The core is a complicated component in the whole reactor. It is usually represented in a very simplified manner in the seismic assessment of the whole reactor station. From this calculation, a time history or response spectrum can be generated for the diagrid, which supports the core, and for the above core structure, which supports the main absorber rods. These data may then be used to perform a detailed assessment of the reactor core. A new simplified model of the core response may then be made and used in a further calculation of the whole reactor. The calculation of the core response only, is considered in the remainder of this paper. One important feature of the fast reactor core, compared with other reactors, is that the components are relatively thin and flexible to promote neutron economy and heat transfer. A further important feature is that there are very small gaps between the wrapper tubes. This leads to very strong fluid-coupling effects. These effects are likely to be beneficial, but adequate techniques to calculate them are only just being developed. 9 refs, figs

  18. Construct validation of teacher portfolio assessment : Procedures for improving teacher competence assessment illustrated by teaching students research skills

    OpenAIRE

    Van der Schaaf, M. F.

    2005-01-01

    The study aims to design and test procedures for teacher portfolio assessments. What are suitable procedures to assess teachers' competencies in developing students' research skills? We first searched into the tasks teachers have in teaching students research skills and the competencies needed to fulfill these tasks. For the development of assessment criteria, a delphi method based on stakeholders' judgments has been designed and tested. In three rounds, 21 stakeholders judged and revised cri...

  19. Core Competence of Rehabilitation Organization%试论康复机构如何培育核心竞争力

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程军; 李建军; 密忠祥

    2011-01-01

    Based on the conception and character of core competency, this paper analyzed the core competency in rehabilitation organization and suggested some strategy.%本文简要阐述了组织核心竞争力的概念及特征,重点就康复机构核心竞争力进行分析,并提出了培育核心竞争力的方法 与策略.

  20. Newly graduated doctors' competence in managing cardiopulmonary arrests assessed using a standardized Advanced Life Support (ALS) assessment

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Marianne Lidang; Hesselfeldt, R.; Rasmussen, M.B.;

    2008-01-01

    Aim of the study: Several studies using a variety of assessment approaches have demonstrated that young doctors possess insufficient resuscitation competence. The aims of this study were to assess newly graduated doctors’ resuscitation competence against an internationally recognised standard and...... to study whether teaching site affects their resuscitation competence. Materials and methods: The entire cohort of medical students from Copenhagen University expected to graduate in June 2006 was invited to participate in the study. Participants’ ALS- competence was assessed using the Advanced Life...... resuscitation teaching issued by the university. Results: Participation was accepted by 154/240 (64%) graduates. Only 23% of the participants met the ALS pass criteria. They primarily lacked skills in managing cardiopulmonary arrest. There were significant differences in ALS-competence between teaching sites....

  1. ASSESSMENT OF STUDENTS’ MEDIA COMPETENCE: TEST RESULTS ANALYSI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexander Fedorov

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Ascertaining levels of media competence (development in the field of media culture of students is based on the classification of indicators developed by the author. In accordance with this classification, audience is invited to a basic blocks of questions and tasks. The gargets are: to detect the levels of motivational indicators of audience’s media competence (genre, thematic, psychological, therapeutic, emotional, cognitive, moral, intellectual, creative and aesthetic reasons which the audience contact with media texts; to identify the level of the user / contact rate (frequency of contacts with various kinds of media, user skills in relation to the media; to identify the level of cognitive / information index (knowledge of terminology, history and theory of media culture of university students’ media competence.

  2. Self-assessment of Certified EFL Teachers in Central Sulawesi on Their Professional Competence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anshari Syafar

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The study intends to describe the level of certified EFL teachers’ self-assessment of their competence to teach English. A cross-sectional survey design and systematic random sampling strategy were applied to take 227 research respondents. Questionnaire and interview were used for collecting data whereas frequency, percentage and descriptive statistics were employed to analyze the data. Most respondents self-rated their abilities to teach English at ‘competent’ and ‘strongly competent’ levels. Yet, their self-rating of English teaching competence did not match up with the re-sults of teacher competence test done by the government. Accordingly, the self-assessment should be endorsed with teaching performance assessment to have more reliable data for validating EFL teachers’ self-grading abilities in English teaching practices. Key Words: self-assessment, teacher certification program, teacher standard of competence, certified EFL teachers, english teaching practices

  3. Teaching and Assessing Systems-based Competency in Ophthalmology Residency Training Programs

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lee, Andrew G.; Beaver, Hilary A.; Greenlee, Emily; Oetting, Thomas A.; Boldt, H. Culver; Olson, Richard; Abramoff, Michael; Carter, Keith

    2007-01-01

    The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) has mandated that residency programs, including ophthalmology, teach and assess specific competencies, including systems-based learning. We review the pertinent literature on systems-based learning for ophthalmology and recommend speci

  4. Benchmarking ACEJMC Competencies: What It Means for Assessment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henderson, Jennifer J.; Christ, William G.

    2014-01-01

    The Accrediting Council on Education in Journalism and Mass Communications (ACEJMC) has developed twelve professional values and competencies that all students in accredited programs must demonstrate before graduation. This study asked Association of Schools of Journalism and Mass Communication (ASJMC) program administrators which competencies…

  5. Assessment of Communication Competencies in Engineering Design Projects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brinkman, Gert W.; van der Geest, Thea M.

    2003-01-01

    Notes that reforms in engineering education have caused a shift from the traditional stand-alone courses in technical communication for engineering students towards communication training integrated in courses and design projects that allows students to develop four levels of competence. Describes three formats for integrated communication…

  6. Assessment of Primary 5 Students' Mathematical Modelling Competencies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chan, Chun Ming Eric; Ng, Kit Ee Dawn; Widjaja, Wanty; Seto, Cynthia

    2012-01-01

    Mathematical modelling is increasingly becoming part of an instructional approach deemed to develop students with competencies to function as 21st century learners and problem solvers. As mathematical modelling is a relatively new domain in the Singapore primary school mathematics curriculum, many teachers may not be aware of the learning outcomes…

  7. Structural assessment of TAPS core shroud under accident loads

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Over the last few years, the Core Shroud of Boiling Water Reactors (BWRs) operating in foreign countries, have developed cracks at weld locations. As a first step for assessment of structural safety of Tarapur Atomic Power Station (TAPS) core shroud, its detailed stress analysis was done for postulated accident loads. This report is concerned with structural assessment of core shroud, of BWR at TAPS, subjected to loads resulting from main steam line break (MSLB), recirculation line break (RLB) and safe shut down earthquake. The stress analysis was done for core shroud in healthy condition and without any crack since, visual examination conducted till now, do not indicate presence of any flaw. Dynamic structural analysis for MSLB and RLB events was done using dynamic load factor (DLF) method. The complete core shroud and its associated components were modelled and analysed using 3D plate/shell elements. Since, the components of core shroud are submerged in water, hence, hydrodynamic added mass was also considered for evaluation of natural frequencies. It was concluded that from structural point of view, adequate safety margin is available under all the accident loads. Nonlinear analysis was done to evaluate buckling/collapse load. The collapse/buckling load have sufficient margin against the allowable limits. The displacements are low hence, the insertion of control rod may not be affected. (author)

  8. Assessing Motor Skill Competency in Elementary School Students: A Three-Year Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Weiyun; Mason, Steve; Hypnar, Andrew; Bennett, Austin

    2016-01-01

    This study was to examine how well fourth- and fifth-grade students demonstrated motor skill competency assessed with selected PE Metrics assessment rubrics (2009). Fourth- and fifth-grade students (n = 1,346-1,926) were assessed on their performance of three manipulative skills using the PE Metrics Assessment Rubrics during the pre-intervention year, the post-intervention year 1, and the post-intervention year 3. Descriptive statistics, independent t-test, ANOVA, and follow-up comparisons were conducted for data analysis. The results indicated that the post-intervention year 2 cohort performed significantly more competent than the pre-intervention cohort and the post-intervention year 1 cohort on the three manipulative skill assessments. The post-intervention year 1 cohort significantly outperformed the pre-intervention cohort on the soccer dribbling, passing, and receiving and the striking skill assessments, but not on the throwing skill assessment. Although the boys in the three cohorts performed significantly better than the girls on all three skills, the girls showed substantial improvement on the overhand throwing and the soccer skills from baseline to the post-intervention year 1 and the post-intervention year 2. However, the girls, in particular, need to improve striking skill. The CTACH PE was conducive to improving fourth- and fifth-grade students’ motor skill competency in the three manipulative skills. This study suggest that PE Metrics assessment rubrics are feasible tools for PE teachers to assess levels of students’ demonstration of motor skill competency during a regular PE lesson. Key points CATCH PE is an empirically-evidenced quality PE curricular that is conducive to improving students’ manipulative skill competency. Boys significantly outperformed than girls in all three manipulative skills. Girls need to improve motor skill competency in striking skill. PE Metrics are feasible assessment rubrics that can be easily used by trained

  9. Methodological Considerations concerning the Assessment of Oral Competency in a Second Language (L2

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José González-Such

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we review methodological considerations about the assessment of oral proficiency in a second language. We discuss the characteristics of the construct and its definition, in this case with reference to proficiency, including competence in listening comprehension and oral expression. Also, we review concepts like how to design instruments and/or evaluative techniques for assessing the competencies that are involved, and considerations about reliability, validity and standard setting.

  10. Assessing the patient safety competencies of healthcare professionals: a systematic review

    OpenAIRE

    Okuyama, Ayako; Martowirono, Kartinie; Bijnen, Bart

    2011-01-01

    Background Patient safety training of healthcare professionals is a new area of education. Assessment of the pertinent competencies should be a part of this education. This review aims to identify the available assessment tools for different patient safety domains and evaluate them according to Miller's four competency levels. Methods The authors searched PubMed, MEDLINE, the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), Web of Science, psycINFO and the Education Resource...

  11. Research and practice on the training mode of the core competence about the application-oriented electrical information engineering undergraduate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bai Jing

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays, the method of cultivating talents in colleges and universities is out of line with the social demand on the training goal of electrical information talents in local application-oriented colleges and universities. To solve this problem, this paper put forward the concept of “five view” about the engineering education (practice and the engineering core competence, systematically solved the key problems such as the training mode of application-oriented undergraduate, positioning, teaching system, training methods, evaluation methods and criteria, thus making that the application-oriented undergraduate students can meet the needs and target of enterprise after graduation.

  12. 科研组织的核心竞争力体系研究%Research on Core Competences System in Scientific Research Organizations

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    霍国庆; 董帅; 肖建华; 谢晔

    2011-01-01

    应用资源基础理论,系统分析了科研组织必需的关键资源和关键能力,重新探讨了核心竞争力的识别标准,并据此分析了科研组织核心竞争力的构成,提出科研组织的核心竞争力是由战略领导力、人才凝聚力、科教激发力、科研协同力与合作竞争力等构成的完整体系,最后以著名的卡文迪什实验室为案例分析了其核心竞争力体系.%Based on resource-based view, this paper concludes the key resources and key capacities in scientific research organizations.According to criteria of core competencies, five core competences are identified, namely strategic leadership competence, talent cohesion competence, research & teaching inspiration competence, research synergy competence, and co-competition competence.Finally, the paper analyzes core competences system of Cavendish laboratory.

  13. Scientific Skills as Core Competences in Medical Education: What Do Medical Students Think?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ribeiro, Laura; Severo, Milton; Pereira, Margarida; Ferreira, Maria Amélia

    2015-01-01

    Background: Scientific excellence is one of the most fundamental underpinnings of medical education and its relevance is unquestionable. To be involved in research activities enhances students' critical thinking and problem-solving capacities, which are mandatory competences for new achievements in patient care and consequently to the improvement…

  14. Core Competencies and the Prevention of School Failure and Early School Leaving

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bradshaw, Catherine P.; O'Brennan, Lindsey M.; McNeely, Clea A.

    2008-01-01

    There is an increasing awareness that school failure and early school leaving are processes, rather than discrete events, that often co-occur and can have lasting negative effects on children's development. Most of the literature has focused on risk factors for failure and dropout rather than on the promotion of competencies that can increase…

  15. Assessment Criteria for Competency-Based Education: A Study in Nursing Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fastré, Greet M. J.; van der Klink, Marcel R.; Amsing-Smit, Pauline; van Merriënboer, Jeroen J.

    2014-01-01

    This study examined the effects of type of assessment criteria (performance-based vs. competency-based), the relevance of assessment criteria (relevant criteria vs. all criteria), and their interaction on secondary vocational education students' performance and assessment skills. Students on three programmes in the domain of nursing and care…

  16. Applications of children's reading and digital competencies: assess before teaching

    OpenAIRE

    Araceli García Rodríguez

    2014-01-01

    The training of students in digital reading skills, is a task that educators, teachers and librarians will have to address in the coming years. This implies a change in its initial and ongoing training, allowing their training and professional improvement and that the University should be directly involved through the explicit presence of competences and digital content in undergraduate and graduate curricular designs. But not all the content available allow us to acquire these skills in d...

  17. New Hybrid Multiple Attribute Decision-Making Model for Improving Competence Sets: Enhancing a Company’s Core Competitiveness

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kuan-Wei Huang

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available A company’s core competitiveness depends on the strategic allocation of its human resources in alignment with employee capabilities. Competency models can identify the range of capabilities at a company’s disposal, and this information can be used to develop internal or external education training policies for sustainable development. Such models can ensure the importation of a strategic orientation reflecting the growth of its employee competence set and enhancing human resource sustainably. This approach ensures that the most appropriate people are assigned to the most appropriate positions. In this study, we proposed a new hybrid multiple attributed decision-making model by using the Decision-making trial and Evaluation Laboratory Technique (DEMATEL to construct an influential network relation map (INRM and determined the influential weights by using the basic concept of the analytic network process (called DEMATEL-based ANP, DANP; the influential weights were then adopted with a modified Vise Kriterijumska Optimizacija I Kompromisno Resenje (VIKOR method. A simple forecasting technique as an iteration function was also proposed. The proposed model was effective. We expect that the proposed model can facilitate making timely revisions, reflecting the growth of employee competence sets, reducing the performance gap toward the aspiration level, and ensuring the sustainability of a company.

  18. Music therapy for the Assessment of Parental Competencies for Children in need of Care

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jacobsen, Stine; Wigram, Tony

    2007-01-01

    The assessment for parenting competencies for parents of children potentially in need of care involves an evaluation of their relationship with their child, and the interaction that underpins that relationship. The "Assessment of Parenting Competences" (APC) music therapy assessment provides a...... structured series of interactional exercises that allow the therapist to explore the nature of the relationship both as a tool in every day clinical work and as a research method. The method of the assessment involves free improvisation, turn-taking exercises, and following leading exercises and is evaluated...

  19. Competing for space: female chimpanzees are more aggressive inside than outside their core areas

    OpenAIRE

    Miller, Jordan A.; Pusey, Anne E.; Gilby, Ian C.; Schroepfer-Walker, Kara; MARKHAM, A. CATHERINE; Murray, Carson M.

    2014-01-01

    Female space use can have important fitness consequences, which are likely due to differential access to food resources. Many studies have explored spatial competition in solitary species, but little is known about how individuals in social species compete over shared space. In this study, we investigate spatial patterns of aggression among female East African chimpanzees, Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii. This species provides an excellent opportunity to study spatial competition since (1) fem...

  20. A dialogical approach to developing professional competence in assessment

    OpenAIRE

    RAMI, Justin; LORENZI, Francesca

    2012-01-01

    Improving the students learning experience is closely connected with the promotion an implementation of an assessment strategy whose effectiveness relies on the quality of the formative aspect. Assessment can promote or hinder learning and it is therefore a powerful force to be reckoned within Education. The literature on assessment makes it quite clear that assessment shapes and drives learning in powerful, though not always helpful, ways (Ramsden, 1997). If we assume that assessment sh...

  1. The Use of the Cultural Competence Assessment Tool (Ccatool) In Community Nurses: The Pilot Study and Test-Retest Reliability

    OpenAIRE

    Marios Vasiliou; Christiana Kouta; Vasilios Raftopoulos

    2013-01-01

    Background: Nurses are responsible and accountable for their nursing practice and there is a need to be culturally and linguistically competent in all of their encounters. To be culturally competent community nurses should have the appropriate transcultural education. It is therefore important to assess the level of cultural competence of the community nurses, within their everyday practice.Aim: The aim of the article was the cultural adaptation of the cultural competence assessment tool base...

  2. An Inventory for Self-assessment of Teaching Competences as Foundation for Faculty Development Training

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    de Graaff, Erik; Kolmos, Anette

    the curriculum. In particular when a school wants to change to a new pedagogical methods the skills and commitment of the teaching staff are essential. In order to set up a programme for training pedagogical competences of teachers in higher education it is necessary to assess the present level of......Traditionally, a university professor qualifies through achievements in research. However, presently, at the age of mass-higher education, teaching competences become more and more important for the success of a university study programme. It is recognized that the professors are at the heart of...... competences. Based on experiences with the development of several faculty development programmes an instrument has been developed allowing professors to list their relevant teaching training and to assess their own teaching competences. As the instrument is based on the same grid as that of a teaching...

  3. Applications of children's reading and digital competencies: assess before teaching

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Araceli García Rodríguez

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available The training of students in digital reading skills, is a task that educators, teachers and librarians will have to address in the coming years. This implies a change in its initial and ongoing training, allowing their training and professional improvement and that the University should be directly involved through the explicit presence of competences and digital content in undergraduate and graduate curricular designs. But not all the content available allow us to acquire these skills in digital reading, therefore, is necessary to evaluate and critically select resources to articulate systems for collecting information and valuation that allow the mediators, have objective criteria to choose those products that are best suited to the attainment of these competences. To do this, based on the indicators traditionally used to children's literature, and the direct analysis of different applications of reading, proposed a series of evaluation parameters, articulated around ten items: devices, operating system, content, reading stages, price and options of purchase, access to the store, organization of collection, interaction and organization of the collection, interaction out and honors.

  4. 企业核心竞争力与企业人力资源开发%Core Competence & Human Resource Development of Corporation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张堃

    2001-01-01

    Based on the analysis of core competence's connotation and function,the author highlighted the relationship between the core competence and human resource development of corporation.The core competence of corporation depends on its human resource.The process of cultivating its core competence is the process of developing its human resource.And the aim of human resource development is to increase the core competence of corporation.%在分析企业核心竞争力的内涵和作用的基础上,阐述了企业核心竞争力与企业人力资源开发的关系:企业核心竞争力的强弱决定于企业人力资源的状况,企业核心竞争力的培育过程是企业人力资源的开发过程,企业核心竞争力的增强是企业人力资源开发的根本目的。

  5. 企业动态核心能力重构机制研究%Research on Reconstruction Mechanism of Dynamic Core Competence of Corporation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    武建龙; 王宏起; 崔嵩

    2012-01-01

    Facing dynamic, complex and uncertain environment, reconstruction of dynamic core competence becomes crucial to the maintenance and promotion of sustainable competitive advantage of corporation. Around formation and evolution law of dynamic core competence of corporation, the paper puts forward key dimensions of reconstruction of dynamic core competence of corporation, and designs periodic reconstruction ways of dynamic core competence of corporation, and sets up responding reconstruction support tactics, so as to offer theory method guidance to reconstruct dynamic core competence of corporation effectively.%面对动态、复杂、不确定环境,动态核心能力重构成为了企业持续竞争优势保持与提升的关键.围绕企业动态核心能力的形成与演化规律,提出企业动态核心能力重构的关键维度,构建企业动态核心能力周期性重构方式,并设计相应的重构支撑策略,旨在为企业动态核心能力有效重构提供理论方法支持.

  6. Development and Assessment of the Competence Creativity Applied to Technical Drawing

    OpenAIRE

    García García, María Jesús; González García, Concepción; Dorado Martin, Gabriel Antonio; Fernández, L.J.

    2011-01-01

    The results obtained after incorporating the competence “creativity” to the subject Technical Drawing of the first course of the Degree in Forestry, Technical University of Madrid, are presented in this study.At first, learning activities which could serve two functions at the same time -developing students’ creativity and developing other specific competences of the subject- were considered. Besides, changes in the assessment procedure were made and a method which analyzes two aspects...

  7. Implementation of a competency assessment tool for agency nurses working in an acute paediatric setting.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Hennerby, Cathy

    2012-02-01

    AIM: This paper reports on the implementation of a competency assessment tool for registered general agency nurses working in an acute paediatric setting, using a change management framework. BACKGROUND: The increased number of registered general agency nurses working in an acute children\\'s hospital alerted concerns around their competency in working with children. These concerns were initially raised via informal complaints about \\'near misses\\

  8. The Scandinavian hospitality industry vs. Norwegian hospitality students. A competency assessment

    OpenAIRE

    Salomonsen, Karoline

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to assess the competency criteria employed by Scandinavian hospitality industry managers when hiring a potential full time employee in their respective departments and student perspectives of these. To achieve the best comparison students answered the survey as what they believed a recruiter would rate as important when making hiring decisions. This theses introduces competency criteria research in the Scandinavian hotel industry and can be considered to open for...

  9. Psychometric Properties of the Self-Assessment of Nursing Informatics Competencies Scale

    OpenAIRE

    Yoon, Sunmoo; Yen, Po-Yin; Bakken, Suzanne

    2009-01-01

    The objective of this study was to examine the factor structure, internal consistency reliability, and responsiveness of the Self-Assessment of Nursing Informatics Competencies Scale (SANICS). Combined BS/MS nursing students (N=336) completed the 93-item scale, which was based upon published and locally-developed nursing informatics competency statements. Exploratory principal component analysis with oblique promax rotation extracted five factors comprising 30 items that explained 63.7% of th...

  10. Assessment of digital competence and attitudes towards ict of university students

    OpenAIRE

    Centeno Moreno, Guadalupe; Cubo Delgado, Sixto

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this research study was to assess university students´ digital competence and explore their attitudes towards ICT. We used a descriptive quantitative research design, and administered a previously validated questionnaire to a sample of 101 e-learning and face-to-face Psychopedagogy students at the University of Extremadura, Spain. The results showed students lacked adequate digital competence, but had a positive attitude towards ICT. A significant relationship between attitudes and...

  11. Assessing the Quality of Students’ Acquired Competencies in a Master Programme

    OpenAIRE

    Sumedrea, S.

    2014-01-01

    Developing and monitoring the quality of the educational process in higher institutions is a key issue of the Bologna process. The aim of this paper is to present the results of an empirical study concerned with assessing the quality of the competencies gained by Master’s students in strategic financial management. Prior to this paper, a research study has been carried out to identify the managers’ perception over the Master’s students’ competencies and the results indicated that competen...

  12. The Assessment of Competence in University Adult Education: A Dynamic Approach

    OpenAIRE

    Núria Mancebo; Assumpció Rafart; Andrea Bikfalvi

    2013-01-01

    The present paper aims to explore the field of adult education and competence development in university settings. An ICT-based tool was used to assess three successive target groups of professionals considered adult students. Our results have a research and practical series of implications. Individuals gain self-knowledge and perception in terms of present and future competences; furthermore, the process of self-analysis could be initiated. Group level results are important for teachers and e...

  13. ASSESSMENT OF STUDENTS’ PROFESSIONAL COMPETENCIES – THE FUTURE TEACHERS OF MATHEMATICS

    OpenAIRE

    Mariya B. Shashkina; Ekaterina A. Ayoshina

    2015-01-01

    The aim of the investigation is to describe the authors’ approach to the assessment of the professional competence of the future teacher of mathematics.Methods. The methods involve comparative analysis of the Professional Standard of the teacher and the Federal State Educational Standards in teacher education, as well as the method of predictive analysis of modern educational situation.Results. Qualimetric approach to the structuring of the professional competencies of students is described; ...

  14. Assessing Engineering Competencies: The Conditions for Educational Improvement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Musekamp, Frank; Pearce, Jacob

    2015-01-01

    Low-stakes assessment is supposed to improve educational practice by providing feedback to different actors in educational systems. However, the process of assessment from design to the point of a final impact on student learning outcomes is complex and diverse. It is hard to identify reasons for substandard achievement on assessments, let alone…

  15. Assistência pré-natal: competências essenciais desempenhadas por enfermeiros Atención prenatal: competencias esenciales desempeñadas por enfermeros Prenatal care: core competencies performed by nurses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Margarida de Aquino Cunha

    2009-03-01

    para mejorar la calidad de los servicios a fin de alcanzar un nivel óptimo de competencia en la atención prenatal.This research aimed to analyze the core competencies developed in practice by nurses working in prenatal care. This descriptive study with a quantitative approach was carried out at 16 basic health network units in Rio Branco-AC, Brazil, in 2006. Data were collected through systematic and non-participant observation. Only two (11.76% of the nurses working in prenatal consultations had taken a specialization course in obstetrics. Although the large majority of core competencies expected in prenatal care were developed, some were practiced with low frequency levels, that is, not in all consultations. The results revealed that, despite the nurses' good performance, the need for clarifications should be assessed, about the importance of incorporating care protocols to improve service quality, with a view to reach an excellent competency level in prenatal care.

  16. Cross-Cultural Adaptations of the MacArthur Competence Assessment Tool for Treatment in Iran

    OpenAIRE

    Saber; Tabatabaei; Akasheh; Sehat; Zanjani; Larijani

    2016-01-01

    Background According to general ethical and legal principles, valid consent must be obtained before starting any procedure. Objectives Due to the lack of a standard tool for assessing patients’ capacity to consent to medical treatment in Iran, the present study was carried out aiming to devise a Persian version of a cross-cultural adaptation of the MacArthur competence assessment tool. Patients...

  17. Mapping Patterns of Perceptions: A Community-Based Approach to Cultural Competence Assessment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davis, Tamara S.

    2007-01-01

    Unclear definitions and limited system-level assessment measures inhibit cultural responsiveness in children's mental health. This study explores an alternative method to conceptualize and assess cultural competence in four children's mental health systems of care communities from family and professional perspectives. Concept Mapping was used to…

  18. Aligning CASAS Competencies and Assessments to Basic Skills Content Standards. Second Edition

    Science.gov (United States)

    CASAS - Comprehensive Adult Student Assessment Systems (NJ1), 2009

    2009-01-01

    Since its inception, the Comprehensive Adult Student Assessment System (CASAS) has focused on teaching and assessing basic skills in contexts that are relevant and important to adult learners. CASAS has developed and continues to refine a highly formalized hierarchy of competencies, the application of basic skills that adults need to be fully…

  19. Assessment Practices at Spanish Universities: From a Learning to a Competencies Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ion, Georgeta; Cano, Elena

    2011-01-01

    This research examines the practices used in assessing students' competencies in the European Higher Education Area. The main objective is to describe the current situation in the Spanish universities, concentrating upon the following questions: what are the most common assessment practices used by academics; how do university academics evaluate…

  20. Safety assessment of KUR low-enriched uranium silicide core

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kyoto University Research Reactor (KUR) is a light-water moderated and cooled tank-type reactor operated at the rated thermal power of 5 MW. The operation of KUR with highly enriched uranium fuel ended on February 23, 2006 after its successful operation for 42 years. Since then, the conversion processes to the use of low-enriched uranium fuel have been performed. The operation of KUR with low-enriched uranium fuel is due to begin in the second half of FY2009. This report describes the abnormal transient and accident analysis for the safety assessment of KUR silicide core which have been carried out as a part of KUR silicide fuel project. The following 10 cases for the anticipated operational transients and accidents have been selected and analyzed for the safety assessment. Anticipated operational transients: (1) Due to reactivity or power distribution changes in the core. 1) Uncontrolled control rod withdrawal (from zero power, during natural circulation operation, during steady-state operation), 2) Reactivity insertion by cold water insertion, 3) Reactivity insertion by removal of irradiation samples. (2) Due to heat generation or heat removal changes in the core. 1) Primary coolant pump failure and flow coast down, 2) Secondary coolant pump failure and flow coast down, 3) Loss of commercial electric power supply. Accidents: Due to the effluent of primary coolant or the significant change of heat removal in the core. 1) Reactivity insertion by mishandling of a fuel assembly, 2) Effluent of primary coolant due to pipe rapture, 3) Primary coolant pump abrupt failure without coast down, 4) Flow channel blockage in the core. The transient analysis for the safety assessment of KUR silicide core after the earthquake was also carried out in present study. The analyses have been performed by THYDE-W, EUREA-2/RR and COOLOD-N2. Various operational conditions were studied to obtain critical results in the analyses. The results show that all cases meet the safety criteria

  1. Cross-cultural competencies in the psychiatric assessment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhui, K; Bhugra, D

    We live in an increasingly multicultural society and thus the cross-cultural application of assessment procedures is likely to become more common. However, little attention has been directed to the limitations of such unconditional application of what are essentially ethnocentric procedures. This article outlines the limitations of the psychiatric assessment when applied across cultures and presents the template for a culture sensitive assessment. PMID:9329996

  2. 武警学院核心竞争力培育研究%The Research on Core Competence of the Armed Police Academy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高士杰; 刘永泉

    2012-01-01

    The core competence of a university is an ability to maintain a sustainable edge. Based on the analysis and definition of core competence, this pager discusses the way to enforce the core competence of the Armed Police Academy from discipline construction, talent cultivation, academic research, campus culture.%核心竞争力是指高校具有持续竞争优势的一种能力。通过对学院核心竞争力的分析与界定,从学科建设、人才培养、学术研究、校园文化等方面对如何增强核心竞争力进行论述,对学院的建设与发展具有一定的理论探索意义。

  3. 关于高校图书馆核心竞争力的几点思考%The thinking on the Core Competence in the University Library

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨珏

    2012-01-01

    本文通过对高校图书馆核心竞争力的理论简述,分析了高校图书馆核心竞争力的特点及构成要素,最后提出了提升高校图书馆核心竞争力的途径,即:加强人力资源建设,进行特色资源建设,努力提高整体服务水平和营造良好的高校图书馆文化。%This paper describes the theory of the core competence in the university library, analyses features and elements of the core competence in the university library, finally, this paper proposes the way of upgrading the core competence in the university library.

  4. Preliminary assessment on the competency of technical staff of Atomic Energy Licensing Board

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The main purpose of this study is to carry out a preliminary assessment on the competency level of technical staff of Atomic Energy Licensing Board (AELB), the nuclear regulatory body in Malaysia for effectively monitoring and supervising the activities of the first nuclear power plant in Malaysia. The study is conducted out on the whole group of AELB technical staff, comprising 81 personnel from the supporting and professional categories. Findings showed that AELB technical staff who have been in the workforce for more than ten years have the required competency level for legal and regulatory processes competencies, regulatory practices competencies and effectiveness in personal and inter-personal competencies. Regression analysis between competency and working experience (length of service) showed a weak positive correlation, which could be contributed by job not related to the competency parameters for major functions of a regulatory body in controlling nuclear activity of a nuclear power plant. Results obtained could assist AELB in manpower development once Malaysia makes the decision to embark on a nuclear power programme. (author)

  5. Objective assessment of surgical competence in gynaecological laparoscopy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, C R; Grantcharov, Teodor; Schouenborg, L; Ottosen, C; Sørensen, Jette Led; Ottesen, B

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to develop a global- and a procedure-specific rating scale based on a well-validated generic model (objective structured assessment of technical skills) for assessment of technical skills in laparoscopic gynaecology. Furthermore, we aimed to investigate the construct...

  6. Learning Strategies Used while Developing Motor Skill Assessment Competency

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kelly, Luke E.; Bishop, Jason

    2013-01-01

    This study investigated the effectiveness of a web-based assessment training program and whether explicitly guiding the participants toward the recommended learning sequence would improve their performance on assessing the underhand roll compared to participants that were given free choice of their learning sequence. Participants were 48 volunteer…

  7. Assessing the fate of radioactive nickel in cultivated soil cores

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Parameters regarding fate of 63Ni in the soil-plant system (soil: solution distribution coefficient, Kd and soil plant concentration ratio, CR) are mostly determined in controlled pot experiments or from simple models involving a limited set of soil parameters. However, as migration of pollutants in soil is strongly linked to the water migration, variation of soil structure in the field and seasonal variation of evapotranspiration will affect these two parameters. The aim of this work was to explore to what extent the downward transfer of 63Ni and its uptake by plants from surface-contaminated undisturbed soil cores under cultivation can be explained by isotopic dilution of this radionuclide in the pool of stable Ni of soils. Undisturbed soil cores (50 cm x 50 cm) were sampled from a brown rendzina (Rendzic Leptosol), a colluvial brown soil (Fluvic Cambisol) and an acidic brown soil (Dystric Cambisol) using PVC lysimeter tubes (three lysimeters sampled per soil type). Each core was equipped with a leachate collector. Cores were placed in a greenhouse and maize (DEA, Pioneer) was sown. After 44 days, an irrigation was simulated at the core surfaces to supply 10 000 Bq 63NiCl2. Maize was harvested 135 days after 63Ni input and radioactivity determined in both vegetal and water samples. Effective uptake of 63Ni by maize was calculated for leaves and kernels. Water drainage and leaching of 63Ni were monitored over the course of the experiment. Values of Kd in surface soil samples were calculated from measured parameters of isotopic exchange kinetics. Results confirmed that 63Ni was strongly retained at the soil surface. Prediction of the 63Ni downward transfer could not be reliably assessed using the Kd values, since the soil structure, which controls local water fluxes, also affected both water and Ni transport. In terms of 63Ni plant uptake, the effective uptake in undisturbed soil cores is controlled by isotope dilution as previously shown at the pot experiment

  8. Training Needs Assessment for Leaders in Nursing Based on Comparison of Competency Models

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kvas Andreja

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Background and Purpose: The main purpose behind the formation of leadership competency models must be the improvement of leadership. A competency model should serve as one of the tools for selecting the most suitable leaders, appraising their work, assessing training needs and preparing programmes of functional and formal education. The objective of this research is to assess the training needs of leaders in health care. A comparison of leadership competency models between different professional groups should serve as one of the tools with which to assess the training needs of various levels of leaders. Design/Methodology/Approach: A descriptive study using a survey design was conducted on 141 nurse leaders in Slovenia. Respondents indicated to what extent each of 95 different behaviours was characteristic of a person at their leadership level. Results: The most important competence dimensions (groups of behaviours for leaders in health care are (1 at the first - top leadership level: strategic thinking, openness to change and responsibility; (2 for leaders at the second - middle leadership level: relations with co-workers, animation, resistance to stress; and (3 for leaders at the third leadership level: realisation skills, execution of procedures, communication. Training needs assessments were done for three leadership levels in nursing care. Conclusions: The greatest need for training of nurse leaders can be observed at the third leadership level. Special training programmes should be organised in the competency areas of realisation skills, execution of procedures, communication, education and ethics

  9. The development of a family intervention competency assessment and reflection scale (FICARS) for psychosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gamble, C; Sin, J; Kelly, M; O'Loughlin, D; Moone, N

    2013-10-01

    Family intervention (FI) for psychosis has a robust evidence base. In recommending its use the revised NICE schizophrenia guideline states 'Healthcare professionals providing psychological interventions should have an appropriate level of competence'. Yet, no definitive instrument exists to outline what competences are required during and post FI training or help recruit staff with the appropriate knowledge and skill. This paper reports on the development of a Family Intervention competency assessment and reflection scale (FICARS). Using a systematic three-staged approach commonly used in health outcomes measurement development, a comprehensive literature review on UK-based FI training and commonly used assessment tools was undertaken. A FICARS draft was then constructed and revised in consultation with expert FI clinicians. Finally, a content validity study with FI trainers and students across three FI training programmes was undertaken to optimize FICARS aim to promote reflective assessment and professional development in FI skills and practice. PMID:23163778

  10. Using Competencies to Assess Entry-Level Knowledge of Students Graduating from Parks and Recreation Academic Programs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hurd, Amy R.; Elkins, Daniel J.; Beggs, Brent A.

    2014-01-01

    To address the Council on Accreditation of Parks, Recreation, Tourism, and Related Professions accreditation standard 7.01.01, the Entry Level Competency Assessment was developed to measure 46 competencies in four categories needed by entry level professionals. Students rated their competence prior to beginning their senior internship. The results…

  11. Non satis scire : To know is not enough e-assessment of student-teachers' competence as new teachers

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Admiraal, Wilfried; Janssen, Tanja; Huizenga, Jantina; Kranenburg, Frans; Taconis, Ruurd; Corda, Alessandra

    2014-01-01

    In teacher education programmes, text-based portfolios are generally used to assess student-teachers' competence as new teachers. However, striking discrepancies are known to exist between the competencies reflected in a written portfolio and the competencies observed in actual classroom practice. M

  12. Core competencies in the science and practice of knowledge translation: description of a Canadian strategic training initiative

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Straus Sharon E

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Globally, healthcare systems are attempting to optimize quality of care. This challenge has resulted in the development of implementation science or knowledge translation (KT and the resulting need to build capacity in both the science and practice of KT. Findings We are attempting to meet these challenges through the creation of a national training initiative in KT. We have identified core competencies in this field and have developed a series of educational courses and materials for three training streams. We report the outline for this approach and the progress to date. Conclusions We have prepared a strategy to develop, implement, and evaluate a national training initiative to build capacity in the science and practice of KT. Ultimately through this initiative, we hope to meet the capacity demand for KT researchers and practitioners in Canada that will lead to improved care and a strengthened healthcare system.

  13. Assessing the Impact of IT Competency on Organizational Learning Capability of Indonesian Manufacturing Firms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alizar Hasan

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper attempt to assessing the impact of IT competency on organizational learning capability by using the measurement scale that have been developed by Tippins et al. and Gomes et al. These studies cover a sample of 192 manufacturing firms. IT competencies are classified into three dimensions: IT knowledge, IT operations, and IT objects, and organizational learning capability are classified into four dimensions: Managerial commitment, System perspec-tive, Openness and experimentation, and Knowledge transfer and integration. The result of factor analysis on IT competency and Organizational learning capability show that all items have high loading only on a single factor with ranging from .60 to .84. The findings revealed that IT competency positively and significantly influences the organizational learning capability of Indonesian manufacturing firms.

  14. Development of a self-assessment tool for measuring competences of obstetric nurses in rooming-in wards in China

    OpenAIRE

    Zhang, Ju; Ye, Wenqin; Fan, Fan

    2015-01-01

    Introduction: To provide high-quality nursing care, a reliable and feasible competency assessment tool is critical. Although several questionnaire-based competency assessment tools have been reported, a tool specific for obstetric nurses in rooming-in wards is lacking. Therefore, the purpose of this research is to develop a competency assessment tool for obstetric rooming-in ward nurses. Methods: A literature review was conducted to create an individual intensive interview with 14 nurse manag...

  15. Analysis of the factors influencing the core competence of nursing staff in Shandong province%山东省护理人员核心能力影响因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贾玉秀; 许玉华; 赵静

    2015-01-01

    目的:通过对山东省三级甲等综合医院临床护理人员自评和他评核心能力的调查,分析山东省临床护士核心能力的影响因素。方法:应用护士一般资料问卷、中国注册护士核心能力量表对临床护士进行问卷调查。结果:年龄、医院与科室、工作年限、劳动关系、家庭支持程度等社会人口学因素是临床护士核心能力的主要影响因素。结论:山东省临床护理人员的核心能力处于中等能力水平。护理管理者可通过干预影响因素来提高护理人员的核心能力水平。%Objective:To analyze the factors influencing the core competence of nursing staff in Shandong province through the self eval-uation and assessment of core competence of clinical nurses in the general hospitals at the level of grade III class A in Shandong province. Methods:The questionnaire survey was conducted to investigate the clinical nurses by using general information questionnaire for nurses and the scale for the core competence of Chinese registered nurses. Results:The main factors influencing the core competence of nursing staff were age,working years,different hospitals and departments,labor relations,the degree of family support and the social and demo-graphic factors. Conclusion:The core competence of clinical nursing personnel in Shandong province is in the middle level. Nursing manag-ers can improve the core competence of nursing staff through some intervention.

  16. Current Market Demand for Core Competencies of Librarianship—A Text Mining Study of American Library Association’s Advertisements from 2009 through 2014

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Qinghong Yang

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available As librarianship evolves, it is important to examine the changes that have taken place in professional requirements. To provide an understanding of the current market demand for core competencies of librarianship, this article conducts a semi-automatic methodology to analyze job advertisements (ads posted on the American Library Association (ALA Joblist from 2009 through 2014. There is evidence that the ability to solve unexpected complex problems and to provide superior customer service gained increasing importance for librarians during those years. The authors contend that the findings in this report question the status quo of core competencies of librarianship in the US job market.

  17. The Impact of Elaborated Feedback on Competency Assessment of IT Professionals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena Alexandra TOADER

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Feedback represents an important component in the process of assessing the competencies of the IT professionals as it allows to evaluate their performance and helps their managers to personalize the learning content according to employees’ needs and profiles. In the current paper we propose a computer-based formative feedback framework that provides personalized feedback for the technical employees. Extensive research has been carried out focusing on formative assessment aspects that includes the elaborate feedback. An online competency assessment tool was designed and it is going to be implemented in order to measure the professionals’ performance in software organizations. The subjects of the study are going to be software developers, working in departments of IT Romanian companies. Their performance is going to be evaluated through the competency-based assessment tool. At the end of the assessment process, an elaborate feedback is provided in order to improve their current level of competency acquired. The current paper reveals the role of the computer-based formative assessment within software organizations as well as the importance of an elaborate feedback that can improve the employees’ knowledge and skills.

  18. Review of criticality safety assessments for transport packages by the German competent authority

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In Germany, the criticality safety assessment of a transport package for fissile material is reviewed by the Bundesamt fuer Strahlenschutz as the competent authority for package design approvals, in close cooperation with the Bundesanstalt fuer Materialforschung und -pruefung, which is the German competent authority for the mechanical and thermal testing of the packages. The review of the criticality safety assessment covers the whole chain starting from the problem basic data and the method of the analysis, including the modelling assumptions for the cases required by the regulations, the creation of numerical models and the calculations with these models and finishing with the interpretation of the results of the study. (author)

  19. The COA360: a tool for assessing the cultural competency of healthcare organizations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    LaVeist, Thomas A; Relosa, Rachel; Sawaya, Nadia

    2008-01-01

    The U.S. Census Bureau projects that by 2050, non-Hispanic whites will be in the numerical minority. This rapid diversification requires healthcare organizations to pay closer attention to cross-cultural issues if they are to meet the healthcare needs of the nation and continue to maintain a high standard of care. Although scorecards and benchmarking are widely used to gauge healthcare organizations' performance in various areas, these tools have been underused in relation to cultural preparedness or initiatives. The likely reason for this is the lack of a validated tool specifically designed to examine cultural competency. Existing validated cultural competency instruments evaluate individuals, not organizations. In this article, we discuss a study to validate the Cultural Competency Organizational Assessment--360 or the COA360, an instrument designed to appraise a healthcare organization's cultural competence. The Office of Minority Health and the Joint Commission have each developed standards for measuring the cultural competency of organizations. The COA360 is designed to assess adherence to both of these sets of standards. For this validation study, we enlisted a panel of national experts. The panel rated each dimension of the COA360, and the combination of items for each of the scale's 14 dimensions was rated above 4.13 (on 5-point scale). Our conclusion points to the validity of the COA360. As such, it is a valuable tool not only for assessing a healthcare organization's cultural readiness but also for benchmarking its progress in addressing cultural and diversity issues. PMID:18720687

  20. Radiology education. The evaluation and assessment of clinical competence

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hibbert, Kathryn M.; Van Deven, Teresa [The Univ. of Western Ontario, London, ON (Canada). Dept. of Medical Imaging; Chhem, Rethy K. [Medical Univ. of Vienna (Austria). Dept. of Radiology; Nagasaki Univ. (Japan). Atomic Bomb Disease Inst.; Wang, Shih-chang (eds.) [Univ. of Sydney Westmead Hospital (Australia). Dept. of Radiology; Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Radiologists, Sydney (Australia). Faculty of Radiodiagnosis

    2012-11-01

    Third volume of a trilogy devoted to radiology education and improvement of medical imaging students' learning, teaching, and scholarship. Reviews the philosophies, theories, and principles that underpin assessment and evaluation in radiology education. Includes a series of rich case studies. Written by an international group of experienced educators and medical professionals. This book reviews the philosophies, theories, and principles that underpin assessment and evaluation in radiology education, highlighting emerging practices and work done in the field. The sometimes conflicting assessment and evaluation needs of accreditation bodies, academic programs, trainees, and patients are carefully considered. The final section of the book examines assessment and evaluation in practice, through the development of rich case studies reflecting the implementation of a variety of approaches. This is the third book in a trilogy devoted to the scholarship of radiology education and is the culmination of an important initiative to improve medical imaging students' learning, teaching, and scholarship by bringing together experienced educators and medical professionals. The previous two books focused on the culture and the learning organizations in which our future radiologists are educated and on the application of educational principles in the education of radiologists. Here, the trilogy comes full circle: attending to the assessment and evaluation of the education of its members has much to offer back to the learning of the organization.

  1. Radiology education. The evaluation and assessment of clinical competence

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Third volume of a trilogy devoted to radiology education and improvement of medical imaging students' learning, teaching, and scholarship. Reviews the philosophies, theories, and principles that underpin assessment and evaluation in radiology education. Includes a series of rich case studies. Written by an international group of experienced educators and medical professionals. This book reviews the philosophies, theories, and principles that underpin assessment and evaluation in radiology education, highlighting emerging practices and work done in the field. The sometimes conflicting assessment and evaluation needs of accreditation bodies, academic programs, trainees, and patients are carefully considered. The final section of the book examines assessment and evaluation in practice, through the development of rich case studies reflecting the implementation of a variety of approaches. This is the third book in a trilogy devoted to the scholarship of radiology education and is the culmination of an important initiative to improve medical imaging students' learning, teaching, and scholarship by bringing together experienced educators and medical professionals. The previous two books focused on the culture and the learning organizations in which our future radiologists are educated and on the application of educational principles in the education of radiologists. Here, the trilogy comes full circle: attending to the assessment and evaluation of the education of its members has much to offer back to the learning of the organization.

  2. A Study of Core Humanistic Competency for Developing Humanism Education for Medical Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jung, Hee-Yeon; Kim, Jae-Won; Lee, Seunghee; Yoo, Seong Ho; Jeon, Ju-Hong; Kim, Tae-Woo; Park, Joong Shin; Jeong, Seung-Yong; Oh, Seo Jin; Kim, Eun Jung; Shin, Min-Sup

    2016-06-01

    The authors conducted a survey on essential humanistic competency that medical students should have, and on teaching methods that will effectively develop such attributes. The participants consisted of 154 medical school professors, 589 medical students at Seoul National University College of Medicine, 228 parents, and 161 medical school and university hospital staff. They answered nine questions that the authors created. According to the results, all groups chose "morality and a sense of ethics," a "sense of accountability," "communication skills," and "empathic ability" were selected as essential qualities. According to the evaluation on the extent to which students possess each quality, participants believed students had a high "sense of accountability" and "morality," whereas they thought students had low "empathic ability," "communicate," or "collaborate with others". In terms of effective teaching methods, all sub-groups preferred extracurricular activities including small group activities, debates, and volunteer services. With regard to the speculated effect of humanism education and the awareness of the need for colleges to offer it, all sub-groups had a positive response. However the professors and students expressed a relatively passive stance on introducing humanism education as a credited course. Most participants responded that they preferred a grading method based on their rate of participation, not a relative evaluation. In order to reap more comprehensive and lasting effects of humanism education courses in medical school, it is necessary to conduct faculty training, and continuously strive to develop new teaching methods. PMID:27247489

  3. A Study of Core Humanistic Competency for Developing Humanism Education for Medical Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-01-01

    The authors conducted a survey on essential humanistic competency that medical students should have, and on teaching methods that will effectively develop such attributes. The participants consisted of 154 medical school professors, 589 medical students at Seoul National University College of Medicine, 228 parents, and 161 medical school and university hospital staff. They answered nine questions that the authors created. According to the results, all groups chose "morality and a sense of ethics," a "sense of accountability," "communication skills," and "empathic ability" were selected as essential qualities. According to the evaluation on the extent to which students possess each quality, participants believed students had a high "sense of accountability" and "morality," whereas they thought students had low "empathic ability," "communicate," or "collaborate with others". In terms of effective teaching methods, all sub-groups preferred extracurricular activities including small group activities, debates, and volunteer services. With regard to the speculated effect of humanism education and the awareness of the need for colleges to offer it, all sub-groups had a positive response. However the professors and students expressed a relatively passive stance on introducing humanism education as a credited course. Most participants responded that they preferred a grading method based on their rate of participation, not a relative evaluation. In order to reap more comprehensive and lasting effects of humanism education courses in medical school, it is necessary to conduct faculty training, and continuously strive to develop new teaching methods. PMID:27247489

  4. Counselor Competence, Performance Assessment, and Program Evaluation: Using Psychometric Instruments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tate, Kevin A.; Bloom, Margaret L.; Tassara, Marcel H.; Caperton, William

    2014-01-01

    Psychometric instruments have been underutilized by counselor educators in performance assessment and program evaluation efforts. As such, we conducted a review of the literature that revealed 41 instruments fit for such efforts. We described and critiqued these instruments along four dimensions--"Target Domain," "Format,"…

  5. Dental Students' Self-Assessed Competence in Geriatric Dentistry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kiyak, H. Asuman; Brudvik, James

    1992-01-01

    A study of four classes of dental students (n=172) exposed to both didactic and clinical geriatric dental training found that the students perceived significant improvements in their abilities to manage geriatric patients in all areas assessed, notably treatment planning, preventive dentistry, referrals, and providing care in alternative settings.…

  6. 国外社区护士 "核心能力"概况%Review of community nurse's "core competencies" in foreign countries/WANG Min, SHANG Shao -mei *

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王敏; 尚少梅

    2011-01-01

    "核心能力"在国外社区护士培养、考核以及社区护理课程设置中发挥了重要作用.我国社区护士的培养和管理机制等方面亟待完善,需要学习和借鉴国外经验.文章从社区护士 "核心能力"的概念、范畴和内涵3个方面进行描述,希望为构建我国社区护士"核心能力"框架以及社区护士培养的课程设置、评价和考核提供参考.%"Core competencies" plays an important role in the training and assessment of community nurses as well as in the curriculum design of community nursing in foreign countries. Therefore,the education and administrative mechanism of community nurse in China can draw lessons from them. The concept,category and connotation of core competencies were introduced and described in details in this article,so as to provide references for the construction of the framework of core competencies,the formulation of community nursing curriculum and the development of the system of evaluation and examination in China.

  7. Semi-autonomous competency assessment of powered mobility device users.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miro, Jaime Valls; Black, Ross; De Bruijn, Freek; Dissanayake, Dissanayake

    2011-01-01

    This paper describes a stand-alone sensor package and algorithms for aiding the assessment by an occupational therapist whether a person has the capacity to safely and effectively operate a powered mobility device such as a walking aid or a wheelchair. The sensor package employed consists of a laser range finder, an RGB camera and an inertial measurement unit that can be attached to any mobility device with minimal modifications. Algorithms for capturing the data received by the sensor package and for generating the map of the environment as well as the trajectory of the mobility device have been developed. Such information presents occupational therapists with the capability to provide a quantitative assessment of whether patients are ready to be safely deployed with mobile aids for their daily activities. Preliminary evaluation of the sensor package and associated algorithms based on experiments, conducted at the premises of the Prince of Wales Hospital in Sydney, are presented. PMID:22275568

  8. Assessment of Professional Competence in a Construction Management Problem-based Learning Setting

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcus Jefferies

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper discusses the congruence between problem-based learning (PBL and competencybased assessment and describes how competency based assessment has been implementedin a professional construction management programme. The design andunderlying principles of assessment approaches used to determine students' professionalcompetence through use of professional standards to frame learning and assessment arediscussed. Through presentation of preliminary findings of a case study that explores staffand student experiences in the construction management programme, the authors describethe issues and challenges they have encountered in implementing competencybased assessment in a PBL programme within the context of higher education.

  9. ASSESSING STUDENTS’ COMPETENCE IN DEVELOPING CHOROPLETH MAPS COMBINED WITH DIAGRAM MAPS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    GABRIELA OSACI-COSTACHE

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Choropleth maps combined with diagram maps are frequently used in geography. For this reason, based on the maps developed by students, the study aims at the following: identifying and analyzing the errors made by the students; establishing and analyzing the competence level of the students; identifying the causes that led to these errors; and finding the best solutions to improve both the educational process aiming at the formation of this kind of competences and the students’ results. The map assessment was accomplished during two academic years (2013-2014 and 2014-2015, in the aftermath of the activities meant to train the competence. We assessed 105 maps prepared by the students in Cartography (Faculty of Geography, University of Bucharest based on an analytical evaluation grid, with dichotomous scale, comprising 15 criteria. This tool helped us identify the errors made by the students, as well as their competence level. By applying a questionnaire, we identified the source of the errors from the students’ perspective, while by comparing the errors and the competence levels at the end of the two academic years we were able to come up with potential solutions for the improvement of the teaching and learning process.

  10. Emotional competencies in geriatric nursing: empirical evidence from a computer based large scale assessment calibration study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaspar, Roman; Hartig, Johannes

    2016-03-01

    The care of older people was described as involving substantial emotion-related affordances. Scholars in vocational training and nursing disagree whether emotion-related skills could be conceptualized and assessed as a professional competence. Studies on emotion work and empathy regularly neglect the multidimensionality of these phenomena and their relation to the care process, and are rarely conclusive with respect to nursing behavior in practice. To test the status of emotion-related skills as a facet of client-directed geriatric nursing competence, 402 final-year nursing students from 24 German schools responded to a 62-item computer-based test. 14 items were developed to represent emotion-related affordances. Multi-dimensional IRT modeling was employed to assess a potential subdomain structure. Emotion-related test items did not form a separate subdomain, and were found to be discriminating across the whole competence continuum. Tasks concerning emotion work and empathy are reliable indicators for various levels of client-directed nursing competence. Claims for a distinct emotion-related competence in geriatric nursing, however, appear excessive with a process-oriented perspective. PMID:26108300

  11. Assessing Students' Emotional Competence in Higher Education: Development and Validation of the Widener Emotional Learning Scale

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Ning; Young, Thomas; Wilhite, Stephen C.; Marczyk, Geoffrey

    2011-01-01

    This article reports the development and validation studies of the Widener Emotional Learning Scale (WELS), a self-report measure, for assessing students' social and emotional competence in higher education. Conceptual specifications, item development, psychometric properties, and factor structure of the instrument are reported in the article. The…

  12. Using Simulated Parent-Teacher Talks to Assess and Improve Prospective Teachers' Counseling Competence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gerich, Mara; Schmitz, Bernhard

    2016-01-01

    In research on parental involvement and teacher professionalization, counseling parents on the support of their children's learning processes is considered to be an increasingly important competence area of teachers. However, to date little research has been conducted on the development of appropriate approaches to the assessment of teachers'…

  13. Student perceptions of assessment and student self-efficacy in competence-based education

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dinther, van M.; Dochy, F.; Segers, M.; Braeken, J.

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to provide insight into the interplay between student perceptions of competence-based assessment and student self-efficacy, and how this influences student learning outcomes. Results reveal that student perceptions of the form authenticity aspect and the quality feedbac

  14. Implementation of Portfolio Assessment in a Competency-based Dental Hygiene Program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gadbury-Amyot, Cynthia C.; Holt, Lorie P.; Overman, Pamela R.; Schmidt, Colleen R.

    2000-01-01

    Describes the implementation of a portfolio assessment program in the dental hygiene program at the University of Missouri School of Dentistry. Tables provide examples of program competencies and related portfolio entries, the complete scoring rubric for portfolios, and the student portfolio evaluation survey. Concludes that although portfolio…

  15. Workplace-Based Competence Measurement: Developing Innovative Assessment Systems for Tomorrow's VET Programmes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Achtenhagen, Frank; Winther, Esther

    2014-01-01

    As a consequence of the large-scale assessment studies (TIMMS; PISA) in compulsory schooling, attention is now being given to the modelling and measurement of competencies in initial vocational education and training. This new output-led perspective of teaching/training and learning/working processes demands new approaches to research. Using the…

  16. Modelling the Virtual Company Educational Scenario Competence Assessment in the Cooper environment

    OpenAIRE

    Spoelstra, Howard; Posea, Vlad; Van Bruggen, Jan; Koper, Rob

    2007-01-01

    Spoelstra, H., Posea, V., van Bruggen, J., & Koper, R. (2007, September). Modelling the Virtual Company Educational Scenario Competence Assessment in the Cooper environment. Presentation given at the 1st International Workshop on Collaborative Open Environments for Project-Centered Learning, Crete, Greece.

  17. Modeling the Virtual Company Educational Scenario Competence Assessment in the Cooper environment.

    OpenAIRE

    Spoelstra, Howard; Posea, Vlad; Van Bruggen, Jan; Koper, Rob

    2007-01-01

    Spoelstra, H., Posea, V., van Bruggen, J., & Koper, R. (2007, September). Modelling the Virtual Company Educational Scenario Competence Assessment in the Cooper environment. Paper presented at the 1st International Workshop on Collaborative Open Environments for Project-Centered Learning, Crete, Greece.

  18. Emotional Competencies in Geriatric Nursing: Empirical Evidence from a Computer Based Large Scale Assessment Calibration Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaspar, Roman; Hartig, Johannes

    2016-01-01

    The care of older people was described as involving substantial emotion-related affordances. Scholars in vocational training and nursing disagree whether emotion-related skills could be conceptualized and assessed as a professional competence. Studies on emotion work and empathy regularly neglect the multidimensionality of these phenomena and…

  19. An Outcome Approach to Assessing the Cultural Competence of MSW Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manoleas, Peter

    1994-01-01

    Outlines a model for assessing the cultural competence of graduate students in social work. Describes objectives for cultural knowledge covering human development, life events, care giving patterns, nature, time, spirituality, and group (versus individual) focus; skill objectives related to diagnosis, interviewing techniques, psychosocial…

  20. Modelling the Virtual Company Educational Scenario Competence Assessment in the Cooper environment

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Spoelstra, Howard; Posea, Vlad; Van Bruggen, Jan; Koper, Rob

    2007-01-01

    Spoelstra, H., Posea, V., van Bruggen, J., & Koper, R. (2007, September). Modelling the Virtual Company Educational Scenario Competence Assessment in the Cooper environment. Presentation given at the 1st International Workshop on Collaborative Open Environments for Project-Centered Learning, Crete,

  1. Modeling the Virtual Company Educational Scenario Competence Assessment in the Cooper environment.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Spoelstra, Howard; Posea, Vlad; Van Bruggen, Jan; Koper, Rob

    2007-01-01

    Spoelstra, H., Posea, V., van Bruggen, J., & Koper, R. (2007, September). Modelling the Virtual Company Educational Scenario Competence Assessment in the Cooper environment. Paper presented at the 1st International Workshop on Collaborative Open Environments for Project-Centered Learning, Crete, Gre

  2. Refining a self-assessment of informatics competency scale using Mokken scaling analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yoon, Sunmoo; Shaffer, Jonathan A; Bakken, Suzanne

    2015-01-01

    Healthcare environments are increasingly implementing health information technology (HIT) and those from various professions must be competent to use HIT in meaningful ways. In addition, HIT has been shown to enable interprofessional approaches to health care. The purpose of this article is to describe the refinement of the Self-Assessment of Nursing Informatics Competencies Scale (SANICS) using analytic techniques based upon item response theory (IRT) and discuss its relevance to interprofessional education and practice. In a sample of 604 nursing students, the 93-item version of SANICS was examined using non-parametric IRT. The iterative modeling procedure included 31 steps comprising: (1) assessing scalability, (2) assessing monotonicity, (3) assessing invariant item ordering, and (4) expert input. SANICS was reduced to an 18-item hierarchical scale with excellent reliability. Fundamental skills for team functioning and shared decision making among team members (e.g. "using monitoring systems appropriately," "describing general systems to support clinical care") had the highest level of difficulty, and "demonstrating basic technology skills" had the lowest difficulty level. Most items reflect informatics competencies relevant to all health professionals. Further, the approaches can be applied to construct a new hierarchical scale or refine an existing scale related to informatics attitudes or competencies for various health professions. PMID:26652630

  3. Positive Biases in Self-Assessment of Mathematics Competence, Achievement Goals, and Mathematics Performance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dupeyrat, Caroline; Escribe, Christian; Huet, Nathalie; Regner, Isabelle

    2011-01-01

    The study examined how biases in self-evaluations of math competence relate to achievement goals and progress in math achievement. It was expected that performance goals would be related to overestimation and mastery goals to accurate self-assessments. A sample of French high-school students completed a questionnaire measuring their math…

  4. Vocational Rehabilitation Counselor Training Needs Assessment and Competence Measure: An Exploratory Factor Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kundu, Madan M.; Dutta, Alo; Chan, Fong; Torres, Viviana; Fleming, Kayla

    2011-01-01

    Purpose: To validate an 80-item self-report measure, A Systems Approach to Placement: Self-Assessment for Students and Counselors (SAP-SASC), designed to identify critical areas of knowledge, skills, and competencies possessed by rehabilitation counselors in state vocational rehabilitation (VR) agency settings. Participants: 275 rehabilitation…

  5. Development of the Teacher Assessment of Student Communicative Competence (TASCC) for Grades 1 through 5.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Ann R.; McCauley, Rebecca; Guitar, Barry

    2000-01-01

    This article describes the development and possible applications of the Teacher Assessment of Student Communicative Competencies (TASCC) for use with students in the first through fifth grades. The TASCC allowed 20 teachers to successfully observe and measure their students' verbal and nonverbal communicative abilities and use of compensatory…

  6. Assessing children’s competence to consent in research by a standardized tool: a validity study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hein Irma M

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Currently over 50% of drugs prescribed to children have not been evaluated properly for use in their age group. One key reason why children have been excluded from clinical trials is that they are not considered able to exercise meaningful autonomy over the decision to participate. Dutch law states that competence to consent can be presumed present at the age of 12 and above; however, in pediatric practice children’s competence is not that clearly presented and the transition from assent to active consent is gradual. A gold standard for competence assessment in children does not exist. In this article we describe a study protocol on the development of a standardized tool for assessing competence to consent in research in children and adolescents. Methods/design In this study we modified the MacCAT-CR, the best evaluated competence assessment tool for adults, for use in children and adolescents. We will administer the tool prospectively to a cohort of pediatric patients from 6 to18 years during the selection stages of ongoing clinical trials. The outcomes of the MacCAT-CR interviews will be compared to a reference standard, established by the judgments of clinical investigators, and an expert panel consisting of child psychiatrists, child psychologists and medical ethicists. The reliability, criterion-related validity and reproducibility of the tool will be determined. As MacCAT-CR is a multi-item scale consisting of 13 items, power was justified at 130–190 subjects, providing a minimum of 10–15 observations per item. MacCAT-CR outcomes will be correlated with age, life experience, IQ, ethnicity, socio-economic status and competence judgment of the parent(s. It is anticipated that 160 participants will be recruited over 2 years to complete enrollment. Discussion A validity study on an assessment tool of competence to consent is strongly needed in research practice, particularly in the child and adolescent population. In

  7. Objective Structured Assessment of Technical Skill in assessing technical competence to carry out caesarean section with increasing seniority.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Landau, Alex; Reid, Wendy; Watson, Andrew; McKenzie, Clare

    2013-04-01

    Since the incorporation of workplace-based assessment within the specialty training programme in obstetrics and gynaecology, the assessment of technical competence to carry out caesarean section has been undertaken by the Objective Structured Assessment of Technical Skill tool. This requirement has been formalised in the Matrix of Educational Progression, ensuring that the tool must assess trainees' technical competence in caesarean section procedures of varying levels of complexity throughout training. Trainee feedback suggests that the effectiveness of the tool diminishes as the seniority of the trainee increases, with technical competence assessed less effectively in more complex procedures. This seems to be a result of the generic design of the tool and insufficient training on the part of assessors. Both of these are due to be addressed within a division of the Objective Structured Assessment of Technical Skill tool into explicitly formative and summative assessments of technical skill, following a General Medical Council-led consultation on the future of workplace-based assessment. PMID:23062591

  8. Piaac: A New Strategy for Assessing Adult Competencies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schleicher, Andreas

    2008-11-01

    At a time when governments face the challenges of maintaining competitiveness in a global economy, it is necessary to have high-quality comparative information regarding the fundamental skills of the adult population. Such information can help governments to evaluate policies and design more effective interventions. This article describes a strategy currently being developed by the OECD for assessing the literacy skills of adults, including familiarity with information and communication technologies and the ability to manage information, construct new knowledge and communicate with others. The work will enhance understanding of the effectiveness of education and training systems in developing basic cognitive skills and key generic work skills.

  9. Desire and reality - teaching and assessing communicative competencies in undergraduate medical education in German-speaking Europe - a survey

    OpenAIRE

    Härtl, A; Bachmann, C; Blum, K.; Höfer, S.; Peters, T; Preusche, I; Raski, B; Rüttermann, S; Wagner-Menghin, M; Wünsch, A; Kiessling, C.; GMA-Ausschuss Kommunikative und Soziale Kompetenzen

    2015-01-01

    Objectives: Increasingly, communicative competencies are becoming a permanent feature of training and assessment in German-speaking medical schools (n=43; Germany, Austria, Switzerland - "D-A-CH"). In support of further curricular development of communicative competencies, the survey by the "Communicative and Social Competencies" (KusK) committee of the German Society for Medical Education (GMA) systematically appraises the scope of and form in which teaching and assessment take place.Method...

  10. Relative Importance of the Institute of Food Technologists (IFT) Core Competencies--A Case Study Survey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morgan, Mark T.; Ismail, Baraem; Hayes, Kirby

    2006-01-01

    Nearly 90% of graduating seniors from the Food Science program at Purdue University gain employment in the food industry. Ensuring the program is meeting employers' needs is one mission of our curriculum committee with input from an Industrial Advisory Board (IAB). In light of the recent outcomes-based assessment requirements outlined by IFT,…

  11. Enterprise Information Strategy & Enterprise Core Competence%企业信息化战略与企业核心竞争力

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王晓光

    2003-01-01

    As an organic part of enterprise strategy, information strategy is becoming more and more important thanbefore. It' s related not only with the daily management of an enterprise, but also with the creation and protection of anenterprise' s core competence. It' s changing the survival environment and the competitive structure of an enterprise thor-oughly.

  12. Nursing Faculty Professional Development: A Study Using the National League for Nursing (NLN) Core Competencies for Nurse Educators for Development of Novice to Expert Nurse Educators

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luoma, Kari L.

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this quantitative research study was to identify core competencies that are most significant for nursing faculty to develop as they transition from novice to expert faculty. Professional development in a systematic approach may guide faculty to learn what is significant as they progress in the nurse faculty role. A quantitative…

  13. Developing a Consensus-Driven, Core Competency Model to Shape Future Audio Engineering Technology Curriculum: A Web-Based Modified Delphi Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tough, David T.

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this online study was to create a ranking of essential core competencies and technologies required by AET (audio engineering technology) programs 10 years in the future. The study was designed to facilitate curriculum development and improvement in the rapidly expanding number of small to medium sized audio engineering technology…

  14. 高校图书馆核心竞争力培育研究%Research on the Cultivation of Core Competence of University Library

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄海韵; 李隽波

    2015-01-01

    This paper expounds the background of building university library’s its core competence,analyzes in depth the problems existing in the development of the core competence of university library, and separately from the core competence positioning, service mode optimization, technology and management innovation, and talent team construction,etc., probes into the core competence cultivation system in accordance with the sustainable development of university library.%介绍了高校图书馆构建自身核心竞争力的背景,深入分析了高校图书馆核心竞争力发展中存在的问题,从核心竞争力定位、服务模式优化、技术与管理创新、人才队伍建设等多个角度出发,探讨了符合高校图书馆持续发展的核心竞争力培育体系。

  15. Assessing the fate of radioactive nickel in cultivated soil cores

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Denys, Sebastien [Laboratoire Sols et Environnement, UMR 1120 ENSAIA-INPL/INRA, 2, av. de la Foret de Haye, BP. 172, 54 505 Vandoeuvre-les-Nancy (France); Andra, Agence Nationale pour la gestion des dechets radioactifs, 1-7 rue Jean Monnet, 92 290 Chatenay-Malabry (France)], E-mail: Sebastien.Denys@ineris.fr; Echevarria, Guillaume; Florentin, Louis [Laboratoire Sols et Environnement, UMR 1120 ENSAIA-INPL/INRA, 2, av. de la Foret de Haye, BP. 172, 54 505 Vandoeuvre-les-Nancy (France); Leclerc, Elisabeth [Andra, Agence Nationale pour la gestion des dechets radioactifs, 1-7 rue Jean Monnet, 92 290 Chatenay-Malabry (France); Morel, Jean-Louis [Laboratoire Sols et Environnement, UMR 1120 ENSAIA-INPL/INRA, 2, av. de la Foret de Haye, BP. 172, 54 505 Vandoeuvre-les-Nancy (France)

    2009-10-15

    Parameters regarding fate of {sup 63}Ni in the soil-plant system (soil: solution distribution coefficient, K{sub d} and soil plant concentration ratio, CR) are mostly determined in controlled pot experiments or from simple models involving a limited set of soil parameters. However, as migration of pollutants in soil is strongly linked to the water migration, variation of soil structure in the field and seasonal variation of evapotranspiration will affect these two parameters. The aim of this work was to explore to what extent the downward transfer of {sup 63}Ni and its uptake by plants from surface-contaminated undisturbed soil cores under cultivation can be explained by isotopic dilution of this radionuclide in the pool of stable Ni of soils. Undisturbed soil cores (50 cm x 50 cm) were sampled from a brown rendzina (Rendzic Leptosol), a colluvial brown soil (Fluvic Cambisol) and an acidic brown soil (Dystric Cambisol) using PVC lysimeter tubes (three lysimeters sampled per soil type). Each core was equipped with a leachate collector. Cores were placed in a greenhouse and maize (DEA, Pioneer) was sown. After 44 days, an irrigation was simulated at the core surfaces to supply 10 000 Bq {sup 63}NiCl{sub 2}. Maize was harvested 135 days after {sup 63}Ni input and radioactivity determined in both vegetal and water samples. Effective uptake of {sup 63}Ni by maize was calculated for leaves and kernels. Water drainage and leaching of {sup 63}Ni were monitored over the course of the experiment. Values of K{sub d} in surface soil samples were calculated from measured parameters of isotopic exchange kinetics. Results confirmed that {sup 63}Ni was strongly retained at the soil surface. Prediction of the {sup 63}Ni downward transfer could not be reliably assessed using the K{sub d} values, since the soil structure, which controls local water fluxes, also affected both water and Ni transport. In terms of {sup 63}Ni plant uptake, the effective uptake in undisturbed soil cores is

  16. The NGWA Experience with Education and Core Competencies for Groundwater Scientists and Engineers

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCray, K. B.

    2014-12-01

    Since 1988, the National Ground Water Association has formally supported recognition, through certification or some other means, of the unique qualifications necessary to perform hydrogeologic investigations. NGWA has believed reliance on professional engineers or individuals certified in an allied field without a determination as to their knowledge of groundwater science is not a justified position. Observation today suggests a need remains for greater hydrogeologic awareness among those that may create infrastructure intrusions into the groundwater environment, such as those designing and installing large-scale installations of geothermal heating and cooling systems. NGWA has responded with development of hydrogeologic guidelines for such projects. Also in partial response to the above named circumstances, the Association has begun development of an ANSI/NGWA standard defining the skills and competencies of groundwater personnel - from the trades to the science, and has explored the potential value of creating a career pathways guidance document for groundwater science professionals. Historically, NGWA scientific members have resisted the idea of accreditation of academic geosciences programs, including those for hydrogeology, although such discussions continue to be raised from time to time by groups such as the Geological Society of America and the American Geosciences Institute. The resistance seems to have been born out of recognition of the multi-disciplinary reality of groundwater science. NGWA funded research found that more than half of the respondents to a study of the business development practices for consulting groundwater professionals had been involved with groundwater issues for more than 20 years, and less than one percent had worked in the field for fewer than two years, raising the question of whether too few young people are being attracted to hydrogeology. Some speculate the seemingly minor emphasis on Earth science education in the U.S. K-12

  17. Comparative assessment of young learners' foreign language competence in three Eastern European countries

    OpenAIRE

    Brumen, Mihaela; Čagran, Branka; Rixon, Shelagh

    2012-01-01

    This paper concerns teacher practices in, and beliefs about, the assessment of young learners' progress in English in three Eastern European countries (Slovenia, Croatia, and the Czech Republic). The central part of the paper focuses on an international project involving empirical research into assessment of young learners' foreign language competence in Slovenia, Croatia and the Czech Republic. With the help of an adapted questionnaire, we collected data from a non-random sample of primary a...

  18. Competing Ecosystem Services: an Assessment of Carbon and Timber in the Tropical Forests of Central America

    OpenAIRE

    Khatun, Kaysara

    2010-01-01

    The Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (MEA 2005) has classified a number of ecosystems good and services (EGS) provided by tropical forests, namely cultural, provisioning, regulatory and support services. The primary focus of this paper is to carry out an economic assessment by comparing the financial costs and returns of selected EGS, namely carbon and timber in the tropical forests of Central America. Timber is unlike the other EGS provided by forests in that it competes with the other servic...

  19. Development of scales to assess patients' perception of physicians' cultural competence in health care interactions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahmed, Rukhsana; Bates, Benjamin R

    2012-07-01

    This study describes the development of scales to measure patients' perception of physicians' cultural competence in health care interactions and thus contributes to promoting awareness of physician-patient intercultural interaction processes. Surveys were administrated to a total of 682 participants. Exploratory factor analyses were employed to assess emergent scales and subscales to develop reliable instruments. The first two phases were devoted to formative research and pilot study. The third phase was devoted to scale development, which resulted in a five-factor solution to measure patient perception of physicians' cultural competence for patient satisfaction. PMID:22477717

  20. Assessment of Advanced Life Support competence when combining different test methods--reliability and validity

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ringsted, C; Lippert, F; Hesselfeldt, R;

    2007-01-01

    Summary Robust assessment of Advanced Life Support (ALS) competence is paramount to the credibility of ALS-provider certification and for estimating the learning outcome and retention of ALS competence following the courses. The Euro- pean Resuscitation Council (ERC) provides two sets of MCQs and...... Correlation Coefficients between 0.766 and 0.977. Inter-rater agreements on pass/fail decisions were not perfect. The one MCQ test was significantly more difficult than the other. There were no significant differences between CASTests....

  1. Intersubjectivity as a Measure of Social Competence among Children Attending Head Start: Assessing the Measure's Validity and Relation to Context

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garte, Rebecca R.

    2015-01-01

    The present paper reported on a new method and procedure for assessing preschooler's social competence. This method utilized an observational measure of intersubjectivity to assess the social competence that develops in real time during interaction between two or more children. The measure of intersubjectivity reflected a conceptualization of the…

  2. The Range of the Availability and Practice of Authentic Assessment Competencies for Intermediate Stage Teachers in Sharurah Governorate

    Science.gov (United States)

    AL-Shehri, Mohammad; Otoum, Abedalqader; AL-Magableh, Mohammad

    2015-01-01

    This study aimed to identify the range of the availability and practice of authentic assessment competencies for intermediate stage teachers in Sharurah governorate, and to know the effect of these variables (gender, major, experience) on the range of the availability and practice of authentic assessment competencies. A questionnaire was designed…

  3. Assessing the Quality of Students’ Acquired Competencies in a Master Programme

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sumedrea, S.

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Developing and monitoring the quality of the educational process in higher institutions is a key issue of the Bologna process. The aim of this paper is to present the results of an empirical study concerned with assessing the quality of the competencies gained by Master’s students in strategic financial management. Prior to this paper, a research study has been carried out to identify the managers’ perception over the Master’s students’ competencies and the results indicated that competencies in strategic financial management are crucial for future managers. The research is focused on improving the quality of the educational process by developing a wider base for communication with the Master’s students in order to help them develop better learning skills and to facilitate their forthcoming insertion in the labour market.

  4. Assessing doctors' competencies using multisource feedback: validating a Japanese version of the Sheffield Peer Review Assessment Tool (SPRAT).

    OpenAIRE

    Sasaki, Hatoko; Archer, Julian; Yonemoto, Naohiro; Mori, Rintaro; Nishida, Toshihiko; Kusuda, Satoshi; Nakayama, Takeo

    2015-01-01

    [Objective] To assess the validity and reliability of the Sheffield Peer Review Assessment Tool (SPRAT) Japanese version for evaluating doctors’ competencies using multisource feedback. [Methods] SPRAT, originally developed in the UK, was translated and validated in three phases: (1) an existing Japanese version of SPRAT was back-translated into English; (2) two expert panel meetings were held to develop and assure content validity in a Japanese setting; (3) the newly devised Japanese SPRAT i...

  5. Assessing doctors’ competencies using multisource feedback: validating a Japanese version of the Sheffield Peer Review Assessment Tool (SPRAT)

    OpenAIRE

    Sasaki, Hatoko; Archer, Julian; Yonemoto, Naohiro; Mori, Rintaro; Nishida, Toshihiko; Kusuda, Satoshi; Nakayama, Takeo

    2015-01-01

    Objective To assess the validity and reliability of the Sheffield Peer Review Assessment Tool (SPRAT) Japanese version for evaluating doctors’ competencies using multisource feedback. Methods SPRAT, originally developed in the UK, was translated and validated in three phases: (1) an existing Japanese version of SPRAT was back-translated into English; (2) two expert panel meetings were held to develop and assure content validity in a Japanese setting; (3) the newly devised Japanese SPRAT instr...

  6. Influencing Factors of Core Competence of Library%图书馆核心竞争力影响因素研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏茜

    2012-01-01

    The article defines the core competence of library, analyzes the influencing factors of the library core competence, and gets the final conclusion: the core competitiveness of the library is the unique resources which is difficult to copy and imitate and capabilities in the process of the knowledge integration, knowledge sharing, knowledge dissemination, knowledge reconstruction and knowledge service.%本文对图书馆核心竞争力概念进行了阐述,并分析了图书馆核心竞争力的影响因素,最后得出结论:图书馆的核心竞争力是图书馆在知识整合、知识共享、知识传播、知识再造以及知识服务过程中独特的、难以复制和模仿的资源和能力.

  7. Commentary: Urgently needed: a safe place for self-assessment on the path to maintaining competence and improving performance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bellande, Bruce J; Winicur, Zev M; Cox, Kathleen M

    2010-01-01

    Traditional continuing medical education (CME), necessary for keeping physicians current and competent, is insufficient in translating physician practice into better patient outcomes. CME, then, must be transformed from a system of episodic interventions to a more personalized, contextual, flexible, and targeted process within a continuing professional development framework. The core of this transformation must be a formal process of physician self-assessment. Unfortunately, health care providers tend toward inaccurate self-assessment, regardless of training, specialty, or manner of self-assessment. Therefore, the development of an external validation system conducted by credible, informal peer review in a safe environment is essential. Clinicians must be able to access practice and patient data without concerns about accuracy, timeliness, confidentiality, attribution, or unintended consequences. New analytical tools are also needed to illuminate the data compilations and present them in compelling, individualized, and comparative formats. However, such developmental work will not be possible without strong community leadership coordinating a collaboration of resources and a sharing of data. Ensuring physician competence has long been an issue for medical societies, state licensing boards, and others invested in improving patient care. Now it's time to get serious. Current efforts at massive health care reform provide the perfect opportunity to fully integrate physician self-assessment and performance improvement into the larger health care system through a continuing professional development model. Practitioners in CME have been far too complacent with the current practices. A shift to a focused and dedicated sense of urgency must occur to ensure physicians' continuous learning and change. PMID:20042814

  8. The Use of the Cultural Competence Assessment Tool (Ccatool In Community Nurses: The Pilot Study and Test-Retest Reliability

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marios Vasiliou

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Nurses are responsible and accountable for their nursing practice and there is a need to be culturally and linguistically competent in all of their encounters. To be culturally competent community nurses should have the appropriate transcultural education. It is therefore important to assess the level of cultural competence of the community nurses, within their everyday practice.Aim: The aim of the article was the cultural adaptation of the cultural competence assessment tool based on Papadopoulos,Tilki and Taylor Model in a sample of Cypriot community nurses.Methodology: To explore the psychometric properties of the Cultural Competence Assessment Tool that has been distributed in a sample of 28 community nurses. Also, a pre and post-measurement has been applied as to assess the test-retest reliability of the tool.Results: The analysis has shown that the Cultural Competence Assessment Tool has good psychometric properties and it iseasy to understand by the community healthcare professionals. Results showed that 60.7% disagreed that there is the samelevel of cultural competency with other European countries and 89.3% reported that assessment of their cultural competence is needed. Using the special analysis software for this tool, the pilot study showed that Cypriot community nurses have some degree of cultural awareness.Conclusion: Culturally competent care is both a legal and a moral requirement for health and social care professionals.Valuing diversity in health and social care enhances the delivery and effectiveness of care for all people, whether they are members of a minority or a majority cultural group. Using an appropriate tool for assessing cultural competence is very important and useful for health professionals to be culturally competence.

  9. Risk communication as a core public health competence in infectious disease management: Development of the ECDC training curriculum and programme.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dickmann, Petra; Abraham, Thomas; Sarkar, Satyajit; Wysocki, Piotr; Cecconi, Sabrina; Apfel, Franklin; Nurm, Ülla-Karin

    2016-01-01

    Risk communication has been identified as a core competence for guiding public health responses to infectious disease threats. The International Health Regulations (2005) call for all countries to build capacity and a comprehensive understanding of health risks before a public health emergency to allow systematic and coherent communication, response and management. Research studies indicate that while outbreak and crisis communication concepts and tools have long been on the agenda of public health officials, there is still a need to clarify and integrate risk communication concepts into more standardised practices and improve risk communication and health, particularly among disadvantaged populations. To address these challenges, the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) convened a group of risk communication experts to review and integrate existing approaches and emerging concepts in the development of a training curriculum. This curriculum articulates a new approach in risk communication moving beyond information conveyance to knowledge- and relationship-building. In a pilot training this approach was reflected both in the topics addressed and in the methods applied. This article introduces the new conceptual approach to risk communication capacity building that emerged from this process, presents the pilot training approach developed, and shares the results of the course evaluation. PMID:27103616

  10. 高职院校学生核心能力的调查%An Investigation on the Core Competence of Vocational College Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙成正

    2015-01-01

    Core competence is the ability which can be sustainably developed accompanying human life.Comprehen-sive quality based on the core competence has become the main factor of enrollment and promotion in enterprises. When the graduates of the class of 2010 went back school to apply for graduation procedures,the author conducted a questionnaire survey on their understanding,mastering and training of core competence,as well as the relation of employment and core competence.The result shows that:some core competence,especially the mastering of some easy core competence,such as self-study ability,communication skills and so on,rely on the efforts of students themselves mainly,while the core competence uneasy to master should be trained in colleges,such as information processing capability,mathematics application ability,and so on.Most of students believe that the colleges should pay attention to the training of core competence,but with an unsatisfactory attitude for the current cultivation of col-leges.Therefore,colleges should promote the quality of campus cultural construction,put emphasis on the cultivation of humanistic qualities,change their teaching idea,so as to train the core competence of vocational college students.%核心能力是伴随人终生的可持续发展能力,以核心能力为主体的综合素质已经成为企事业单位录取、提升员工的主要考核因素。利用安徽财贸职业学院2010级毕业生返校办理毕业手续的机会,对学生核心能力的了解、掌握、培养及就业与核心能力的关系等问题进行了调查研究。结果显示:部分核心能力尤其是掌握较好的核心能力,如自我学习能力、与人交流能力等主要靠学生的自我努力来完成,而掌握不好的能力,如信息处理能力、数学应用能力等主要通过学院培养。大部分学生认为学院应重视培养核心能力,但对学院目前的培养状况不满意。因此,学院要提升校园文化

  11. Evaluation Study of Core Competence of Higher Vocational College Library%高职院校图书馆核心竞争力评价研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王涛

    2012-01-01

    紧密结合高职院校自身性质和发展特点,从高职院校图书馆核心竞争力内涵出发,提出高职院校图书馆核心竞争力评价指标体系,包括核心资源的配置、创新与开发能力、行业文化服务、团队文化塑造四大类指标,以期促进高职院校图书馆形成核心竞争力。%Based on the connotation of core competence of higher vocational college library and closely combining its own nature and development characteristics of higher vocational college,This paper puts forward evaluation index system of core competence,containing the configuration of core resource,the ability of innovation and development,the service of industry culture and the establishing of team culture,in order to make higher vocational college form the core competence.

  12. Do educational outcomes correspond with the requirements of nursing practice: educators' and managers' assessments of novice nurses' professional competence

    OpenAIRE

    Numminen, Olivia; Laine, Tuija; Isoaho, Hannu; Hupli, Maija; Leino-Kilpi, Helena; Meretoja, Riitta

    2014-01-01

    Objective This study evaluated weather educational outcomes of nurse education meet the requirements of nursing practice by exploring the correspondence between nurse educators' and nurse managers' assessments of novice nurses' professional competence. The purpose was to find competence areas contributing to the acknowledged practice–theory gap. Design A cross-sectional, comparative design using the Nurse Competence Scale was applied. Subjects The sample comprised nurse educators (n = 86) and...

  13. Assessing an organizational culture instrument based on the Competing Values Framework: Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses

    OpenAIRE

    Mohr David C; Li Yu-Fang; Helfrich Christian D; Meterko Mark; Sales Anne E

    2007-01-01

    Abstract Background The Competing Values Framework (CVF) has been widely used in health services research to assess organizational culture as a predictor of quality improvement implementation, employee and patient satisfaction, and team functioning, among other outcomes. CVF instruments generally are presented as well-validated with reliable aggregated subscales. However, only one study in the health sector has been conducted for the express purpose of validation, and that study population wa...

  14. Assessment as a factor encouraging the learning-to-learn competency

    OpenAIRE

    Ivanuš-Grmek, Milena; Bakračevič Vukman, Karin; Vršič, Barbara

    2015-01-01

    The paper presents the learning to learn competence, and teacher's role in promoting its development through assessment and providing feedback. Teaching for learning to learn affects teacher behavior in the classroom, resulting in greater accountability and in revised attitudes towards the students. From teachers it requires a different conception of their own knowledge, teaching and learning, and contributes to increased autonomy of learners. Among the factors of learning school can influenc...

  15. Assessment as a Factor Encouraging the Learning-to-Learn Competency

    OpenAIRE

    Milena Ivanus Grmek; Barbara Rozman; Karin Bakracevic Vukman

    2014-01-01

    The paper presents the learning to learn competence, and teacher’s role in promoting its development through assessment and providing feedback. Teaching for learning to learn affects teacher behavior in the classroom, resulting in greater accountability and in revised attitudes towards the students. From teachers it requires a different conception of their own knowledge, teaching and learning, and contributes to increased autonomy of learners. Among the factors of learning school can influenc...

  16. Impact Assessment of an Entrepreneurship Course on Students’ Entrepreneurial Competencies: A Constructivist Perspective

    OpenAIRE

    Izquierdo, E.; D. BUYENS

    2008-01-01

    This paper reports on educational issues of an entrepreneurship course, supported by a constructivist perspective. The study discusses the relevance of constructivism in entrepreneurship education. As a way of assessing this issue, a pre-test-post-test multiple-group quasi-experimental design was performed with the data collected during an academic term. Data were collected by using three instruments to examine the students’ entrepreneurial competencies and self-efficacy levels; two of them w...

  17. Assessment of Knowledge and Competencies in 3D Virtual Worlds: A Proposal

    OpenAIRE

    Ibáñez, María Blanca; Crespo, Raquel M.; Kloos, Carlos Delgado

    2010-01-01

    Digital natives demand a more active approach to learning. Moreover, the acquisition and assessment of competencies, rather than the mere transmission of information, is becoming more relevant in the Knowledge Society. 3D virtual worlds are a promising environment to meet both of these requirements. In a 3D virtual world, learners are immersed in a rich environment that allows them to have an active experience through their avatars and interaction devices. The learning process in traditional ...

  18. Assessing Physical Activity as a Core Component in Cardiac Rehabilitation: A POSITION STATEMENT OF THE AMERICAN ASSOCIATION OF CARDIOVASCULAR AND PULMONARY REHABILITATION.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaminsky, Leonard A; Brubaker, Peter H; Guazzi, Marco; Lavie, Carl J; Montoye, Alexander H K; Sanderson, Bonnie K; Savage, Patrick D

    2016-01-01

    Physical inactivity is a well-established major risk factor for cardiovascular disease. As such, physical activity counseling is 1 of the 10 core components of cardiac rehabilitation/secondary prevention programs recommended by the American Heart Association and the American Association of Cardiovascular and Pulmonary Rehabilitation (AACVPR). In addition, the ability to perform a physical activity assessment and report outcomes is 1 of the 10 core competencies of cardiac rehabilitation/secondary prevention professionals published by the AACVPR. Unfortunately, standardized procedures for physical activity assessment of cardiac rehabilitation patients have not been developed and published. Thus, the objective of this AACVPR statement is to provide an overview of physical activity assessment concepts and procedures and to provide a recommended approach for performing a standardized assessment of physical activity in all comprehensive cardiac rehabilitation programs following the core components recommendations. PMID:27307067

  19. Competences. Diagnosis and Assessment Models Competencias: modelos de diagnóstico y evaluación.

    OpenAIRE

    Maria Cristina Núñez Martínez; Felicia Margarita Llerena Bermúdez

    2009-01-01

    A bibliographic review was carried out about the professional competence assessment of human resources in the Health System and the main characteristics of different models that contribute to their improvement, establishing direct links with the present context of National Health System in Cuba. We include trends and common practices related with assessment models, highlighting those aspects associated with professional competence assessment and its inclusion in the dynamic of a strategy to i...

  20. Methods of sociological diagnostics in the assessment of staff's competencies: a case of a state museum (St. Petersburg, Russia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asiia Usiaeva

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The study is dedicated to research of methods of sociological diagnostics, which can be used in the assessment of staff's competencies. Theoretical framework of this survey is T. Parson’s structural functionalism, the approach that sees the society as a complex system. The research questions were how we can analyze competencies by using sociological diagnostics and what the features of sociological diagnostics are. In order to achieve the target, it was analyzed the assessment of staff's competencies in the museum complex “The Cathedral”, Saint-Petersburg, Russia. Methodology of the research was structured observation, data collected by using “Mystery shopper” method. As a result, it was showed which techniques were applied in the staff’s assessment in this museum. Besides, the researcher discovered the level of museum staff’s competencies and revealed that the least developed employees’ competence was communication with visitors.

  1. Methodology for the Systematic Assessment of the Regulatory Competence Needs (SARCoN) for Regulatory Bodies of Nuclear Installations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A regulatory body’s competence is dependent, among other things, on the competence of its staff. A necessary, but not sufficient, condition for a regulatory body to be competent is that its staff can perform the tasks related to the functions of the regulatory body. In 2001, the IAEA published TECDOC 1254, Training the Staff of the Regulatory Body for Nuclear Facilities: A Competency Framework, which examines the manner in which the recognized regulatory functions of a nuclear regulatory body results in competence needs. Using the internationally recognized systematic approach to training, TECDOC 1254 provides a framework for regulatory bodies for managing training and developing, and maintaining the competence of its staff. It has been successfully used by many regulatory bodies all over the world, including States embarking on a nuclear power programme. The IAEA has also introduced a methodology and an assessment tool — Guidelines for Systematic Assessment of Regulatory Competence Needs (SARCoN) — which provides practical guidance on analysing the training and development needs of a regulatory body and, through a gap analysis, guidance on establishing competence needs and how to meet them. In 2013, the IAEA published Safety Reports Series No. 79, Managing Regulatory Body Competence, which provides generic guidance based on IAEA safety requirements in the development of a competence management system within a regulatory body’s integrated management system. An appendix in the Safety Report deals with the special case of building up the competence of regulatory bodies as part of the overall process of establishing an embarking State’s regulatory system. This publication provides guidance for the analysis of required and existing competences to identify those required by the regulatory body to perform its functions and therefore associated needs for acquiring competences. Hence, it is equally applicable to the needs of States embarking on nuclear power

  2. Construction of Core Competency Model of Peacekeeping Nurses%维和护士核心胜任力模型构建

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    牛艳萍; 刘辉; 彭海文; 王哲

    2015-01-01

    Objective To provide standard and evidence for selecting, training and evaluating military peacekeeping nurses.Methods With competence theory as a guide, on the basis of the theory of peacekeeping medical support, to analyze the role of nursing in medical support in peacekeeping.Key competencies for peace-keeping nurses were determined through the analysis of the connotation of the core competence of peacekeeping nurses.Delphi method was used for consultation in 21 peacekeeping medical team members to construct core competency model.Results Knowledge, ability, skills, and personal qualities were the core competence of the peacekeeping nurses.Professional loyalty, military quality, psychological quality, professional quality, manage-ment ability and learning ability , were the second core competencies .Conclusion The connotation and exten-sion of 6 modules of the core competence of peacekeeping nurses were discussed by the research of core compe-tency model.The research results laid the foundation for the further refinement of the core competency index sys-tem of the peacekeeping nurses, thereby to establish a set of model of the selection and training of the peacekeep-ing nurses.%目的:通过维和护士核心胜任力研究,为我军维和护士选拔、培训、评价提供标准和依据。方法以胜任力理论为指导,依据护士核心胜任力,以维和卫勤保障理论为基础,分析维和护理在维和卫勤保障中的作用地位。通过对维和护理勤务岗位和维和护士核心胜任力内涵分析,确定维和护士必须具备的能力,运用Delphi法对21名参与维和的医疗分队骨干,进行“维和护士”等重要概念界定咨询,构建维和护士核心胜任力模型。结果在确立维和护士核心胜任力模型基础上,确定维和护士的知识、能力、技能和个人特质为一级核心能力;职业忠诚、军事素质、心理素质、专业素质、管理能力和学习能力,构

  3. Competencies in Geriatric Nursing: Empirical Evidence from a Computer-Based Large-Scale Assessment Calibration Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaspar, Roman; Döring, Ottmar; Wittmann, Eveline; Hartig, Johannes; Weyland, Ulrike; Nauerth, Annette; Möllers, Michaela; Rechenbach, Simone; Simon, Julia; Worofka, Iberé

    2016-01-01

    Valid and reliable standardized assessment of nursing competencies is needed to monitor the quality of vocational education and training (VET) in nursing and evaluate learning outcomes for care work trainees with increasingly heterogeneous learning backgrounds. To date, however, the modeling of professional competencies has not yet evolved into…

  4. Assessment of Management Competencies Possessed by Postgraduate University Business Education Students to Handle Entrepreneurship Business Challenges in Nigeria

    Science.gov (United States)

    Okoro, James

    2015-01-01

    University Business Education graduates, by the nature of their programme, ought to possess relevant management competencies for successful entrepreneurship but casual observation and empirical reports indicate that they are not doing well in this aspect. Therefore, this study assessed the management competencies possessed by the university…

  5. The effects of self-assessment and supervisor feedback on residents' patient-education competency using videoed outpatient consultations

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wouda, Jan C.; van de Wiel, Harry B. M.

    2014-01-01

    Objectives: To determine the effects of residents' communication self-assessment and supervisor feedback on residents' communication-competency awareness, on their patient-education competency, and on their patients' opinion. Methods: The program consisted of the implementation of a communication se

  6. The New Reality of Competing: Strategic Marketing Intelligence and the Assessment of the Business Transformational Model Proposition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nurhan Papatya

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: The study contains "Strategic Marketing Intelligence (SMI" contents and formation which are directed to the business’s permanent and continuous priority and the investigation of "transformational model proposition", designing bases, the thought of transformation to core competence and proposed model’s applicability and advantages. Approach: This study is handled as a qualitative assessment related to restricting content of the concepts and to theorize an explanatory hypothesis under the base of data and document analysis. Now therefore, it’s evaluated as a conceptual study connected to theorizing model. Results: SMI transformational model proposition has been assessed related to settling the telescoping system which is connected to the new reality of competition and integrated system leadership and helpful at determining their own system development and at easing the obtainment of the system leadership by presenting a reliable topographic map. Conclusion: A business’s existing in today/future, not being a follower but to be the followed one, always without losing setting sail in a free soul, handling integral system leadership are all depend on creating permanent values/being in action oriented activities. Creating permanent values/being in action oriented activities can be possible just with correct assessed/lead informatics, inclusive/completive SMI, which is reachable, correct, full in time, cross coordinative, shared.

  7. Create Core Competence

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    Reporter: Qingdao International Convention Center(QICC) has brought forward its goal, which is to come up top on 2nd team of China exhibition cities in 3-5 years. What measures have been taken by this center and how about the effects? Li Yongqiang: It was one of goals for us in 2002, and we have taken 4 measures, as follows: firstly, we have kept a fair and impartial exhibition environment and define strategic goal of

  8. Dry Process Fuel Core Characteristics Assessment Technology Development

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    For the normal operating condition of a dry-process fuel CANDU reactor, the fuel integrity was assessed using the fuel design curves. Sensitivity calculations were performed to improve the fuel performance and the results showed that the plenum volume had a dominant effect. When an additional plenum volume of 0.5 mm3/K was applied, the internal pressure and the sheath plastic strain satisfied the design values of the natural uranium fuel. Benchmark calculations of the WIMS-DRAGON-RFSP was performed using the Phase-B measurement data of Wolsong-2/3/4. The benchmark calculation showed that the critical boron concentration, reactivity device worth and the flux distribution were predicted within the uncertainty level of the measurement. Sensitivity calculations also showed that the use of a 2-energy group is mandatory to obtain reliable physics calculation results. A feasibility study was performed for the oxide fuel recycling in a sodium-cooled fast reactor (SFR). If fission products are removed by more than 70% during the dry process, the spent fuel can be recycled in the core without using fissile material feed. If carbon is mixed with the recycled fuel, the physics performance of the core can also be improved. Fuel cycle analyses were performed by the DYMOND code for the DUPIC, thorium-DUPIC, SFR and an accelerator driven system (ADS) cycles, and the results showed that the spent fuel inventory was reduced by more than 90% in the fast reactor cycle when compared to the once-through fuel cycle. However the fuel cycle cost was 2.5 and 1.3 times higher for the fast reactor and CANDU reactor recycle, respectively, when compared to the once-through fuel cycle. Also the radiation and decay heat data of the spent fuel were generated to establish the fuel cycle analysis system

  9. Core Competency and Strategic Choice of New Energy Companies%新能源企业的核心能力分析和战略选择

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    裴玉

    2011-01-01

    The sustainable development of human depends on the development of new energy industry. The paper analyzes the core competency paints of new energy companies in China: industrial advantage, potential market, technological innovation and so on, and expounds that the strategic choice should depends on core competency about new energy companies for sustainable development.%人类的可持续发展依赖新能源产业的发展.从核心能力角度分析了我国新能源企业的核心能力点:产业优势、潜在市场、技术创新等.新能源企业应根据核心能力点进行战略选择,进行可持续发展.

  10. Core skills requirement and competencies expected of quantity surveyors: perspectives from quantity surveyors, allied professionals and clients in Nigeria

    OpenAIRE

    Joshua Oluwasuji Dada; Godwin Onajite Jagboro

    2012-01-01

    AbstractDeployment of appropriate skills and competencies is crucial and germane to the development and continuous relevance of any profession. In the built environment, the science for selecting the required skills and competencies expected of quantity surveyors and understanding the inherent dependencies between them remains a research issue. The purpose of this study was to determine the skill requirements and competencies expected of quantity surveyors. A structured questionnaire was admi...

  11. Core skills requirement and competencies expected of quantity surveyors: perspectives from quantity surveyors, allied professionals and clients in Nigeria

    OpenAIRE

    Joshua Oluwasuji Dada; Godwin Onajite Jagboro

    2015-01-01

    Abstract Deployment of appropriate skills and competencies is crucial and germane to the development and continuous relevance of any profession. In the built environment, the science for selecting the required skills and competencies expected of quantity surveyors and understanding the inherent dependencies between them remains a research issue. The purpose of this study was to determine the skill requirements and competencies expected of quantity surveyors. A structured questionnaire was...

  12. Assessing engineering students' demonstration of workplace competencies in experiential learning environments through internships and cooperative work experiences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laingen, Mark A.

    This study investigates the relationships between supervisor assessments and internship students' self-assessments for 15 workplace competencies, demonstrated in an internship or cooperative work environment. The 15 workplace competencies were developed by Iowa State University in collaboration with over 200 constituents comprised of Iowa State University COE alumni, engineering employers, COE faculty, partnering international faculty, and COE students, to provide clear, independent, and assessable measures for the eleven learning outcomes identified in the ABET Criterion 3 (a-k) outcomes. The study investigated workplace competency assessment data collected over ten years, commencing with the fall 2001 internship assessment term and concluding with the fall 2011 assessment term. The study used three separate methodologies to analyze workplace competency assessments in the COE. Part 1 analyzed data across the fifteen workplace competencies, and across ten programs in the College of Engineering, that have been involved with the workplace competency assessment of internship and cooperative students from the beginning of data collection in 2001. Supervisor assessment ratings were compared to internship student self-assessment ratings across the ten-year span from 2001-11using the non-parametric equivalent of the paired t-test; the Wilcoxon singed rank test for paired data. Part 2 of the study investigated the relationship between supervisor and student self-assessment data across assessment terms related to the 2001-05 and 2006-11 ABET accreditation cycles. The third part investigated how data tracking workplace competency strengths and weaknesses and ABET outcomes achievement percentages have changed between the assessment terms across accreditation cycles. Part 3 included an on-line survey sent to program curriculum committee members involved with workplace competency assessment data that investigated how the engineering programs are utilizing this data in support

  13. Core Competence Dilemma,Organization Rigidity and Cultivation of Dynamic Core Competence:A study from the perspective of knowledge management%核心能力困境、组织僵化与动态核心能力的构建--基于知识管理的视角

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘刚; 李佳; 刘静

    2016-01-01

    培育动态核心能力是解决企业所面临的核心能力困境与组织僵化两大难题的关键。在分析知识、能力与资产的关系基础上提出 ACE 范式,可将核心能力解构为新资产引入能力、软性资产培育能力和能力系统自我更新能力三个部分。从知识管理的视角可给出构建动态核心能力的具体路径,即建立多层级的知识转化系统以及基于知识创新的核心能力更新系统。%The key of solving core competence dilemma and organization rigidity lies in cultivating dy-namic core competence.This paper sets up the ACE model based on the research of the relationship between knowledge,competence and assets,and decomposes core competence into new assets intro-ducing capabilities,soft assets cultivating capabilities and system self-renewal capabilities.From the perspective of knowledge management,this paper maps the specific path of cultivating dynamic core competence,i.e.,establishing multi-level knowledge transferring system and core competence self-re-newal system based on knowledge innovation.

  14. Financial Sector Assessment Program : Malaysia - Core Principles for Effective Deposit Insurance Systems

    OpenAIRE

    International Monetary Fund; World Bank

    2013-01-01

    This assessment of compliance with the Core Principles for Effective Deposit Insurance Systems (Core Principles) was conducted as a part of the Financial Sector Assessment Program (FSAP) performed by the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank at the request of the Malaysian government. This assessment was conducted by Claire McGuire, Senior Financial Sector Specialist with the Worl...

  15. Training in Vocational Assessment: Preparing Rehabilitation Counselors and Meeting the Requirements of the CORE Standards

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tansey, Timothy N.

    2008-01-01

    Assessment represents a foundational component of rehabilitation counseling services. The revised Council on Rehabilitation Education (CORE) standards implemented in 2004 resulted in the redesign of the knowledge and outcomes under the Assessment standard. The author reviews the current CORE standard for training in assessment within the context…

  16. Grey Relational Evaluation Method for Core Competence of Enterprises%企业核心竞争力的灰色关联度评价方法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    范莉莉; 高喜超; 叶常发

    2011-01-01

    核心竞争力的评价可以从多个维度进行,从核心竞争力的特征中抽取出获利能力和不可模仿性2个主要因素,建立二维评价空间,每个企业核心竞争力在该空间中都有唯一对应的位置.依据科学的评价指标体系,通过计算各企业核心竞争力与“理想公司”核心竞争力的灰色关联度,对其核心竞争力大小进行评价,并在二维评价空间中进行定位,观察不同企业核心竞争力在空间中的分布情况,即可比较其核心竞争力的相对强弱.%Core competence can be evaluated from multiple dimensions. From the characters of core competence, this study extracts two major factors which are profitability and inimitability, and establish a two-dimension space. Every enterprise has the unique corresponding position in the space. Based on scientific evaluation index system, through calculating the grey relationship between each enterprise and 'the ideal enterprise', we can evaluate core competence of each enterprise, and fix position in the two-dimension space. Through observing the distribution of every enterprise in the space, we can compare the relative strength of core competence of each enterprise.

  17. 高校图书馆核心竞争力评价指标体系%Evaluation Index System of Core Competence for University Libraries

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴有梅

    2012-01-01

    阐述高校图书馆核心竞争力的概念,从评价目标和评价要素着手,为高校图书馆核心竞争力的评价制定了一套科学的评价指标体系。%This paper described the concept of core competence of university library,and made a scientific evaluation index system from evaluation objective and evaluation elements.

  18. Current Market Demand for Core Competencies of Librarianship—A Text Mining Study of American Library Association’s Advertisements from 2009 through 2014

    OpenAIRE

    Qinghong Yang; Xingzhi Zhang; Xiaoping Du; Arlene Bielefield; Yan Quan Liu

    2016-01-01

    As librarianship evolves, it is important to examine the changes that have taken place in professional requirements. To provide an understanding of the current market demand for core competencies of librarianship, this article conducts a semi-automatic methodology to analyze job advertisements (ads) posted on the American Library Association (ALA) Joblist from 2009 through 2014. There is evidence that the ability to solve unexpected complex problems and to provide superior customer service ga...

  19. Core competence is the key for hospitals to survive and develop%医院核心能力的构建与运用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苏国同; 何志成

    2003-01-01

    介绍了核心能力(core competence)的概念,论述了建立核心价值观念,培养医院核心能力应注意的问题.指出在核心能力的运用中要坚持以能为本,以德为先,自我超越.

  20. Brief Discussion on Strategies of Improving Core Competences of Small and Medium-sized Enterprises%提升中小企业核心竞争力策略初探

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘振宇; 郝翔宇; 赵敏; 田建红

    2012-01-01

    介绍了企业核心竞争力的概念,阐述了企业核心竞争力的特征和要素,提出了如何打造和构建企业核心竞争力的相关策略。%The authors introduced concept of core competences of enterprises.Then,the authors expounded features and elements of core competences of enterprises.Finally,the authors put forward related strategies of building core competences of enterprises.

  1. Competencies development and self-assessment in maintenance management e-training

    Science.gov (United States)

    Papathanassiou, Nikos; Pistofidis, Petros; Emmanouilidis, Christos

    2013-10-01

    The maintenance management function requires staff to possess a truly multidisciplinary set of skills. This includes competencies from engineering and information technology to health and safety, management and finance, while also taking into account the normative and legislative issues. This body of knowledge is rarely readily available within a single university course. The potential of e-learning in this field is significant, as it is a flexible and less costly alternative to conventional training. Furthermore, trainees can follow their own pace, as their available time is often a commodity. This article discusses the development of tools to support competencies development and self-assessment in maintenance management. Based on requirements arising from professional bodies' guidelines and a user survey, the developed tools implement a dedicated maintenance management training curriculum. The results from pilot testing on academic and industrial user groups are discussed and user evaluations are linked with specific e-learning design issues.

  2. Assessing Patients’ Cognitive Therapy Skills: Initial Evaluation of the Competencies of Cognitive Therapy Scale

    Science.gov (United States)

    Strunk, Daniel R.; Hollars, Shannon N.; Adler, Abby D.; Goldstein, Lizabeth A.; Braun, Justin D.

    2014-01-01

    In Cognitive Therapy (CT), therapists work to help patients develop skills to cope with negative affect. Most current methods of assessing patients’ skills are cumbersome and impractical for clinical use. To address this issue, we developed and conducted an initial psychometric evaluation of self and therapist reported versions of a new measure of CT skills: the Competencies of Cognitive Therapy Scale (CCTS). We evaluated the CCTS at intake and post-treatment in a sample of 67 patients participating in CT. The CCTS correlated with a preexisting measure of CT skills (the Ways of Responding Questionnaire) and was also related to concurrent depressive symptoms. Across CT, self-reported improvements in CT competencies were associated with greater changes in depressive symptoms. These findings offer initial evidence for the validity of the CCTS. We discuss the CCTS in comparison with other measures of CT skills and suggest future research directions. PMID:25408560

  3. Materials Assessment for the Canadian SCWR Core Concept

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zheng, Wenyue; Guzonas, David; Boyle, Kevin P.; Li, Jian; Xu, Su

    2016-02-01

    As part of the development effort of the Generation IV Forum, Canada has undertaken research to support the conceptual design of a pressure-tube-based supercritical water-cooled reactor (SCWR). With an outlet temperature of 625°C and a coolant pressure of 25 MPa, this concept requires fuel-cladding materials that can sustain very harsh in-core conditions. After reviewing the worldwide efforts in SCWR materials since the 1950s, a materials program was created to identify and assess candidate alloys that have potential to operate for 3.5 years as a fuel cladding. An overview of the key aspects and the overall results of this program are presented in this paper, while detailed discussions of individual projects in this program are provided in the accompanying papers of this issue. Further materials R&D work should focus on improving the resistance to stress corrosion cracking, high-temperature strength and ductility as well as microstructural stability.

  4. Dry Process Fuel Core Characteristics Assessment Technology Development

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Major research activities of the Phase I study are the analysis of the dry process fuel irradiation test in HANARO research reactor, review of the DUPIC fuel compatibility analysis results and supplementary calculations, and the feasibility study of the dry process technology for the application to the future fuel cycle. The irradiation test of the dry process fuel was successfully performed in the HANARO research reactor. For the compatibility analysis of the DUPIC fuel, the mechanical integrity and safety of the DUPIC fuel were analyzed. Especially the radiation source term of the DUPIC fuel core was re-evaluated so that the credibility of the radiation effect calculation is improved. In order to assess the applicability of the dry process technology, a fuel cycle analysis code DYMOND was imported and a DUPIC fuel cycle model was developed to be implemented in the DYMOND code. The fuel cycle analyses were performed for the criticality of the dry process, fast reactor cycle, thorium fuel cycle and the light water reactor cycle. The fuel cycle analysis showed that the dry process should be appropriately introduced into the fuel cycle in the time domain. However the recycle analysis also showed that the fission products should be effectively removed from the spent fuel in order to establish the fuel cycle and, therefore, it is recommended to perform theoretical and experimental analyses in the Phase II study

  5. Follow-up of the core radioactivity inventory of an LWR: Assessment of core damage in accident situations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Estimating the isotopic inventory is the starting point for assessing the quantities of nuclides which would be released into the environment in the event of an emergency (source term). It would also be possible to evaluate the damage caused within the core in the event of an accident. An automatic calculation procedure, which can be periodically updated in accordance with the operating conditions of the power plant, is used to obtain the inventory. The procedure is based on the ORIGEN-2 code and is supplemented by other auxiliary codes which process the data and the results. To simulate core burnup, the core is divided into a number of zones which would display similar behaviour during burnup. A number of isotopic inventories are obtained for each zone. The total inventory within the core is worked out by adding together the contributions made by each zone. Assessment of core damage in an accident siutation is made by comparing the quantities of isotopes given off from the fuel with those present in the core at the time of the accident. Assessment of the damage involves estimating the type of damage (cladding damage, core overheating, core meltdown) and the approximate extent of the damage. The amounts of activity given off from the fuel are calculated on the basis of the isotopic analysis of samples, duly corrected, taken from the coolant and the containment atmosphere following the accident. The results are compared with other experimental measurements such as: water level in the vessel, thermocouple temperatures, hydrogen concentration and radiation levels in the containment. (author)

  6. The Application of Fuzzy-ANP and SD Software in the Assessment of Organic Chemistry Teachers' Bilingual Teaching Competency

    OpenAIRE

    Yijun Zhang

    2013-01-01

    The assessment of organic chemistry teachers' bilingual teaching competency plays a crucial role in improving their teaching quality. In this study, 13 indices in five aspects: teaching quality, teaching content, teaching organization, teaching methods, and teaching effects, have been identified as impact indices for assessing the bilingual teaching competency of organic chemistry teachers. Meanwhile, the ANP (Analytic Network Process) model is set up, and the Super Decisions software is used...

  7. Methods of sociological diagnostics in the assessment of staff's competencies: a case of a state museum (St. Petersburg, Russia)

    OpenAIRE

    Asiia Usiaeva; Mariia Rubtcova; Irina Pavlenkova; Svetlana Petropavlovskaya

    2016-01-01

    The study is dedicated to research of methods of sociological diagnostics, which can be used in the assessment of staff's competencies. Theoretical framework of this survey is T. Parson’s structural functionalism, the approach that sees the society as a complex system. The research questions were how we can analyze competencies by using sociological diagnostics and what the features of sociological diagnostics are. In order to achieve the target, it was analyzed the assessment of staff's comp...

  8. Investigation research of blood purification nurse's core competence%血液净化专业护士核心能力的调查研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    戴欢欢; 常美; 吉小静; 刘顺玉

    2013-01-01

    Objective:To describe the status quo of core competency of nurses in the profession of the blood purification. Methods:A total of 68 clinical nur-ses in the profession of the blood purification were recruited by convenience sampling method and were investigated with competency inventory for registered and general characteristics of questionnaire of nurses. Results:The core competency of nurses in the profession of the blood purification was only at medium level, the highest was personal relationship, the lowest was critical thinking. Hospital level, occupational tenure, education background affect core competen-cy. Conclusion:Clinical nursing core ability remains to be further improved, the hospital nursing managers should strengthen the clinical nurse education, training and practice, in order to raise the core competencies of nurses.%目的:探讨血液净化中心专业护士的核心能力.方法:采用便利取样的方法选取10所医院68名血液净化中心的临床护理人员,采用护士一般人口情况调查表、中国注册护士核心能力量表进行调查.结果:血液净化中心的专业护士核心能力处于中等水平,得分最高的为人际关系,得分最低的是批判性思维能力.医院级别、护龄、学历、职称能影响核心能力.结论:临床护士核心能力有待于进一步提高,医院的护理管理者应该加强对临床护士的教育、培训和实践,以此提高护士核心能力.

  9. Assessing Social Competence and Behavior Problems in a Sample of Italian Preschoolers Using the Social Competence and Behavior Evaluation Scale

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sette, Stefania; Baumgartner, Emma; MacKinnon, David P.

    2015-01-01

    Research Findings: The main goals of this study were to examine the factor validity of the Social Competence and Behavior Evaluation (SCBE-30) scale using exploratory factor analysis and confirmatory factor analysis and to test factor invariance across gender in a sample of Italian preschool-age children (241 boys, 252 girls). The concurrent…

  10. Developing standards for malaria microscopy: external competency assessment for malaria microscopists in the Asia-Pacific

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ashraf Sania

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Malaria diagnosis has received renewed interest in recent years, associated with the increasing accessibility of accurate diagnosis through the introduction of rapid diagnostic tests and new World Health Organization guidelines recommending parasite-based diagnosis prior to anti-malarial therapy. However, light microscopy, established over 100 years ago and frequently considered the reference standard for clinical diagnosis, has been neglected in control programmes and in the malaria literature and evidence suggests field standards are commonly poor. Microscopy remains the most accessible method for parasite quantitation, for drug efficacy monitoring, and as a reference of assessing other diagnostic tools. This mismatch between quality and need highlights the importance of the establishment of reliable standards and procedures for assessing and assuring quality. This paper describes the development, function and impact of a multi-country microscopy external quality assurance network set up for this purpose in Asia. Methods Surveys were used for key informants and past participants for feedback on the quality assurance programme. Competency scores for each country from 14 participating countries were compiled for analyses using paired sample t-tests. In-depth interviews were conducted with key informants including the programme facilitators and national level microscopists. Results External assessments and limited retraining through a formalized programme based on a reference slide bank has demonstrated an increase in standards of competence of senior microscopists over a relatively short period of time, at a potentially sustainable cost. The network involved in the programme now exceeds 14 countries in the Asia-Pacific, and the methods are extended to other regions. Conclusions While the impact on national programmes varies, it has translated in some instances into a strengthening of national microscopy standards and offers a

  11. A longitudinal assessment of vocabulary retention in symbol-competent chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael J Beran

    Full Text Available A number of studies from the 1960s to 1990s assessed the symbolic competence of great apes and other animals. These studies provided varying forms of evidence that some species were capable of symbolically representing their worlds, both through productive symbol use and comprehension of symbolic stimuli. One such project at the Language Research Center involved training chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes to use lexigram symbols (geometric visual stimuli that represented objects, actions, locations, and individuals. Those studies now are more than 40 years old, and only a few of the apes involved in those studies are still alive. Three of these chimpanzees (and a fourth, control chimpanzee were assessed across a 10-year period from 1999 to 2008 for their continued knowledge of lexigram symbols and, in the case of one chimpanzee, the continued ability to comprehend human speech. This article describes that longitudinal assessment and outlines the degree to which symbol competence was retained by these chimpanzees across that decade-long period. All chimpanzees showed retention of lexigram vocabularies, although there were differences in the number of words that were retained across the individuals. One chimpanzee also showed continual retention of human speech perception. These retained vocabularies largely consisted of food item names, but also names of inedible objects, locations, individuals, and some actions. Many of these retained words were for things that are not common in the daily lives of the chimpanzees and for things that are rarely requested by the chimpanzees. Thus, the early experiences of these chimpanzees in symbol-rich environments have produced long-lasting memories for symbol meaning, and those competencies have benefited research in a variety of topics in comparative cognition.

  12. Assessment as a Factor Encouraging the Learning-to-Learn Competency

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Milena Ivanus Grmek

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents the learning to learn competence, and teacher’s role in promoting its development through assessment and providing feedback. Teaching for learning to learn affects teacher behavior in the classroom, resulting in greater accountability and in revised attitudes towards the students. From teachers it requires a different conception of their own knowledge, teaching and learning, and contributes to increased autonomy of learners. Among the factors of learning school can influence assessment and self-assessment and the content and forms of feedback were exposed. The survey results remind us that a majority of participating teachers in basic school estimate they perform the activities to promote learning to learn carried relatively frequently, there are, however, differences depending on teachers’ work experience.

  13. 中式快餐企业的核心竞争力分析%An Analysis of Core Competence of Chinese Fast Food Enterprise

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘鑫

    2012-01-01

    随着快餐业的迅速发展,中西快餐的竞争也越加明显,当前中式快餐企业面临着巨大的挑战和机遇,现代中式快餐业发展的关键在于建立长期的优势,形成自己的核心竞争力。本文首先介绍了企业核心竞争力及快餐的相关概念,然后阐述了我国现代快餐业的发展概况,接着分析了乡村基在形成核心竞争力过程中所面临的问题,最后针对问题提出相应的建议,以进一步提高中式快餐企业的核心竞争力。%With the rapid development of fast food industry, the competition between Chinese and western fast food is increasingly apparent. At present, the Chinese fast food enterprises are facing unprecedented challenges and opportunities. Having long - term advantages and forming its own core competition are the keys to the development of modem Chinese fast food industry. This paper introduces some concepts of enterprises'core competence and fast food in the beginning, and describes the profile of the development of domestic modern fast food industry. Next, it analyzes the problems the CSC faces while forming its core competence, At last, we worked out some suggestions for these problems to further improve CSC's core competence.

  14. Intercultural competence in medical education - essential to acquire, difficult to assess.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamilton, John

    2009-09-01

    Determining student acquisition of intercultural competence (awareness, skills, knowledge and attitudes) is necessary in medical courses. However, addressing students' learning needs and developing effective tools to measure development of intercultural competence is challenging. Where this is done inadequately, skills may be overlooked or simplistic, one dimensional notions of culture be reinforced. This article examines aspects of the OSCE station development process, raising questions about how and when to assess acquisition of IC in undergraduate medical courses. It cautions against development of assessment tools which may lack authenticity and require students to engage in interactions which are unnatural. It argues for skills consistent with IC to be viewed as part of, and not separate from, the broad spectrum of skills which are a feature of any sensitive and appropriate doctor-patient interaction. Finally it advocates careful consideration of the optimum time to assess students' capacity to demonstrate IC in their interactions with patients, peers and staff, suggesting that this should come in later rather than earlier years, following theoretical, experiential and reflective learning. PMID:19811193

  15. Research on Core Professional Competence Training of Marketing Students%高职市场营销专业学生职业核心能力培养研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李旭芳

    2014-01-01

    Professional competence training is the core of vocational education .T his paper in-troduces the definition of professional core competence ,and points out some problems about marketing students'professional core competence ,and puts forward methods on how to en-hance their core professional competence .%职业核心能力是高职教育的重要内容,本文从营销职业核心能力的定义出发,总结了高职市场营销专业学生的职业核心能力结构现状,并指出提升营销专业学生职业核心能力的几种有效途径。

  16. 浅谈地方高校图书馆核心竞争力管理%On the management of the core competence of the local university library

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何敏

    2014-01-01

    An overview of the core competence of localuniversity library, points out the necessity, the management of the core competence of Local University Library in combination with the actual situation, from the characteristics of the core competence of local university library, analyzes some principles of the management of the core competence of the local university library should follow.%对地方高校图书馆核心竞争力进行概述,指出地方高校图书馆核心竞争力管理的必要性,结合实际,从地方高校图书馆核心竞争力特点出发,分析了地方高校图书馆核心竞争力管理应该遵循的一些原则。

  17. A Study of the Dynamic Evolution and Cultivation of the Core Competence of Public Information Service Institutions%公共信息服务机构核心能力动态演进及培育研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    石艳霞; 崔珍

    2015-01-01

    Core competence play a fundamental role in terms of the survival and development of public information service institutions. In a dynamic competitive environment, the competitive advantages and future development of a public information service institution are decided by its core competence. We addressed the elements of the core competence of public information service institutions. Taking the dynamics of the core competence into account, we also explained the dynamic evolution process of the core competence, using DYNAMO language. Strategies to cultivate the core competence are suggested based on the knowledge of the dynamic evolution process.%核心能力是公共信息服务机构生存和发展的根本.在动态变化的竞争环境中,公共信息服务机构所具备的能力决定了该机构的竞争优势及未来发展.文章分析公共信息服务机构核心能力构成因素,并结合核心能力动态性特点运用DYNAMO语言对公共信息服务机构核心能力动态演进过程进行阐释,最后针对演进过程提出公共信息服务机构核心能力动态培育策略.

  18. Agreement Among Dental Students, Peer Assessors, and Tutor in Assessing Students' Competence in Preclinical Skills.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foley, Jennifer I; Richardson, Gillian L; Drummie, Joyce

    2015-11-01

    The aim of this study was to determine the level of agreement regarding assessments of competence among dental students, their student peers, and their clinical skills tutors in a preclinical skills program. In 2012-13 at the University of Edinburgh, second-year dental students learned to perform the following seven cavity preparations/restorations on primary and permanent Frasaco teeth: single-surface adhesive occlusal cavity; single-surface adhesive interproximal cavity; single-surface adhesive labial cavity; multi-surface adhesive cavity; multi-surface amalgam cavity; pre-formed metal crown preparation; and composite resin buildup of a fractured maxillary central incisor tooth. Each student, a randomly allocated student peer, and the clinical skills tutor used standardized descriptors to assign a competency grade to all the students' preparations/restorations. The grades were analyzed by chi-square analysis. Data were available for all 59 second-year students in the program. The results showed that both the students and their peers overestimated the students' competence compared to the tutor at the following levels: single-surface adhesive occlusal cavity (χ(2)=10.63, p=0.005); single-surface adhesive interproximal cavity (χ(2)=11.40, p=0.003); single-surface labial cavity (χ(2)=23.70, p=0.001); multi-surface adhesive cavity (χ(2)=12.56, p=0.002); multi-surface amalgam cavity (χ(2)=38.85, p=0.001); pre-formed metal crown preparation (χ(2)=40.41, p=0.001); and composite resin buildup (χ(2)=57.31, p=0.001). As expected, the lowest levels of agreement occurred on the most complicated procedures. These findings support the need for additional ways to help students better self-assess their work. PMID:26522637

  19. Research on Evolution of Enterprise Core Competence in the Era of Knowledge Economy%知识经济背景下企业核心竞争力演化研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张建华

    2013-01-01

    It is known that sustainable competition advantage is the basic guarantee for enterprise sustainable development, and enterprise core competence is the source of its sustainable competition advantage. The stability of core competence is relative, whereas dynamic evolvement is absolute. In different economy eras, there are differences in core resource and core capability. In order to adapt to the new characteristic and demand of knowledge economy era, enterprise core competence develops and evolves driven by the transformation from industrial economy to knowledge economy. Therefore, in this paper, the summary of research on the connotation and its e-volving process of enterprise core competence are carried out firstly. Then, three challenges and two opportunities are deeply analyzed, which enterprise core competence is up against in the era of knowledge economy. On the basis, the direction, track and evaluation standard of enterprise core competence evolution is studied, in the background of knowledge economy. All the work is expected to enhance enterprise ability to rebuild and improve its core competence, to win competition and realize sustainable development in knowledge economy era.%本文首先综述研究了核心竞争力的内涵及其演变历程,而后分析了在知识经济时代企业核心竞争力演化面临的三大挑战与两重机遇;在此基础上,进一步讨论了知识经济背景下企业核心竞争力演化的方向、路径、规律及其评价标准.本文研究内容将有助于企业在知识经济时代重塑、提升其核心竞争力,赢得竞争与发展.

  20. Metrics for Success: Strategies for Enabling Core Facility Performance and Assessing Outcomes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turpen, Paula B; Hockberger, Philip E; Meyn, Susan M; Nicklin, Connie; Tabarini, Diane; Auger, Julie A

    2016-04-01

    Core Facilities are key elements in the research portfolio of academic and private research institutions. Administrators overseeing core facilities (core administrators) require assessment tools for evaluating the need and effectiveness of these facilities at their institutions. This article discusses ways to promote best practices in core facilities as well as ways to evaluate their performance across 8 of the following categories: general management, research and technical staff, financial management, customer base and satisfaction, resource management, communications, institutional impact, and strategic planning. For each category, we provide lessons learned that we believe contribute to the effective and efficient overall management of core facilities. If done well, we believe that encouraging best practices and evaluating performance in core facilities will demonstrate and reinforce the importance of core facilities in the research and educational mission of institutions. It will also increase job satisfaction of those working in core facilities and improve the likelihood of sustainability of both facilities and personnel. PMID:26848284

  1. [A structured ePortfolio to handle a programme of professional competences assessment in the area of transfusion medicine].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Staccini, P; Hergon, E; Bordonado, C; Jullien, S; Quaranta, J-F

    2007-08-01

    In order to organize a nationwide program for the evaluation of professional practices in the area of blood transfusion, the French National Blood Transfusion Institute and the Nice-Sophia Antipolis University designed and implemented a web based service aimed at following-up and guiding the physicians involved in such an assessment program. The core component is a structured electronic portfolio (ePortfolio), the implementation of which was based on an object-oriented environment combined with a content management system. The modelling of the global evaluation system makes it possible to describe this type of portfolio according to six axes: an axis "objectives" (competencies accreditation); an axis "target" (heath care professionals); an axis "content" (numerical documents); an axis "structure" (matrix of answer defined in space and time); an axis "source" (single source peer-reviewed); an axis "level of evidence" (validation of the proof after its deposit by an identified and authenticated peer user, whole tracking of the exchanges and interactions between users and device). PMID:17466558

  2. Validity and reliability of portfolio assessment of competency in a baccalaureate dental hygiene program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gadbury-Amyot, Cynthia C.

    This study examined validity and reliability of portfolio assessment using Messick's (1996, 1995) unified framework of construct validity. Theoretical and empirical evidence was sought for six aspects of construct validity. The sample included twenty student portfolios. Each portfolio were evaluated by seven faculty raters using a primary trait analysis scoring rubric. There was a significant relationship (r = .81--.95; p Dental Hygiene Board Examination (r = .60; p Dental Testing Service examination was both weak and nonsignificant (r = .19; p > .05). An open-ended survey was used to elicit student feedback on portfolio development. A majority of the students (76%) perceived value in the development of programmatic portfolios. In conclusion, the pattern of findings from this study suggest that portfolios can serve as a valid and reliable measure for assessing student competency.

  3. CORE

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Krigslund, Jeppe; Hansen, Jonas; Hundebøll, Martin;

    2013-01-01

    different flows. Instead of maintaining these approaches separate, we propose a protocol (CORE) that brings together these coding mechanisms. Our protocol uses random linear network coding (RLNC) for intra- session coding but allows nodes in the network to setup inter- session coding regions where flows...... increase the benefits of XORing by exploiting the underlying RLNC structure of individual flows. This goes beyond providing additional reliability to each individual session and beyond exploiting coding opportunistically. Our numerical results show that CORE outperforms both forwarding and COPE......-like schemes in general. More importantly, we show gains of up to 4 fold over COPE-like schemes in terms of transmissions per packet in one of the investigated topologies....

  4. Assessment of HCDA energetics in the CRBRP heterogeneous reactor core

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The results of hypothetical core disruptive event analyses for the CRBRP heterogeneous reactor core are reported. The analytical results cover a large number of parametric cases including variations in design parameters and phenomenological assumptions. Reactor core configurations at the beginning of cycle one and end of cycle four are evaluated. The energetic consequences are evaluated based upon both fuel expansion thermodynamic work potential and a relative probability assignment. It is concluded that the structural loads, which result from 101 megajoules of available expansion work at sodium slug impact on the reactor closure head (equivalent to 661 megajoules of fuel expansion work to one atmosphere), is an adequate energetic consequence envelope for use in specifying the Structural Margins Beyond the Design Basis

  5. Review of neutronic assessments applied to small reactor core physics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In its design division for material test reactors and research reactors, AREVA TA has to characterize these manufactured cores. This step is sequential with neutronics benchmarks associated with validation (standard Verification and Validation approach). The previous two points are embedded in core projects and can be run separately especially when experimental tests are foreseen for validation database enrichment. Methodological standard is given in order to match validation and benchmark process illustrated alongside with two specific items on critical research reactors (AZUR - JHR) and subcritical mock up (AZUR). (author)

  6. Environmental Management System and Enterprises Core Competence%环境管理体系与企业的核心竞争力

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢芳

    2003-01-01

    进入新的世纪,环境问题已是企业发展战略中的重大问题.企业实施环境管理体系,能够有效地建立自己的竞争优势,增强企业核心竞争力(core competence)以应对新的环境和挑战,从而使企业获得持续的发展和在市场竞争中的地位.

  7. Assessment Training: A Precondition for Teachers' Competencies and Use of Classroom Assessment Practices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koloi-Keaikitse, Setlhomo

    2016-01-01

    Student assessment, particularly at classroom level, remains an integral part of teaching and learning and is a driving force for the implementation of educational policies and practices in many countries. Nevertheless, problems associated with teachers' classroom assessment practices continue to exist in schools and research shows that teachers…

  8. Cross-Cultural Adaptations of the MacArthur Competence Assessment Tool for Treatment in Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saber

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Background According to general ethical and legal principles, valid consent must be obtained before starting any procedure. Objectives Due to the lack of a standard tool for assessing patients’ capacity to consent to medical treatment in Iran, the present study was carried out aiming to devise a Persian version of a cross-cultural adaptation of the MacArthur competence assessment tool. Patients and Methods By reviewing different methods of cultural translation and adaptation for assessment tools, and due to the lack of consensus on its processes, we selected Wild’s model as one of the most comprehensive methods in this regard. Wild’s (2005 10-stage model includes preparation, forward translation, reconciliation of the forward translation, back translation of reconciliation, back translation review, cognitive debriefing and cognitive review, and finalization, proofreading and final reporting. Using this model, we translated the MacArthur assessment tool and made it adaptable to Iranian patients. Results The MacArthur assessment tool is not dependent on any specific culture and language. As a result, if translation and its scientific adaptation are done based on an integrated and detailed model, the tool can be used for every culture and language. In other words, this tool is not culture-specific; so, it is applicable in cases where a translation is needed, and it can be culturally adapted to suit different societies. Conclusions In the present study, we are able to focus on and prove the efficacy and benefits of this measurement tool.

  9. Development and Evaluation of a Student-Centred Multimedia Self-Assessment Instrument for Social-Communicative Competence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bakx, Anouke W. E. A.; Sijtsma, Klaas; van der Sanden, Johan M. M.; Taconis, Ruurd

    2002-01-01

    Describes a study that developed formative, self-regulated multimedia self-assessment via the Internet of social-communicative competencies for social work students. Discusses a pilot study that was used to design guidelines for the development of the assessment instrument to incorporate students' perceptions, instructional preferences, and…

  10. Tying Together the Common Core of Standards, Instruction, and Assessments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Phillips, Vicki; Wong, Carina

    2010-01-01

    Clear, high standards will enable us to develop an education system that ensures that high school graduates are ready for college. The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation has been working with other organizations to develop a Common Core of Standards. The partners working with the foundation are developing tools that will show teachers what is…

  11. Formative Assessment for the Common Core Literacy Standards

    Science.gov (United States)

    Calfee, Robert; Wilson, Kathleen M.; Flannery, Brian; Kapinus, Barbara A.

    2014-01-01

    Background/Context: As implementation of the Common Core Literacy Standards moves ahead, teachers, students, and schools are discovering that the standards demand a great deal of them in order to achieve the vision of college, career, and citizenship in the global-digital world outlined in the standards. To accomplish the goals and high…

  12. Research on Core Competence of Higher Vocational Colleges---From the View of Prahalad and Hamel ’ s Core Competence Theory%高职院校核心竞争力研究--基于普拉哈拉德与哈默尔核心竞争力理论的视角

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金泽

    2014-01-01

    According to Prahalad and Hamel ’ s core competence theory ,the content of core competence includes the competence of collective learning ,school managing ,trans-organization communication ,participation and devotion .The competence of more rapidly constructing com-petitive advantage with lower cost may benefit the employers and hence the schools will adapt to the market change .Since it is special and difficult to copy ,the vocational schools ’ school man-aging competence is vital .This type of schools should know the goal of core competition and construct the strategic framework .%根据普拉哈拉德与哈默尔的核心竞争力理论,高职院校核心竞争力内涵包括高职院校的集体学习能力,办学能力,跨组织的沟通、参与及奉献能力,以更低的成本和更快的速度构建竞争优势的能力,这些能力会随着使用与分享而加强,会为用人单位带来巨大的好处,会使学校更加适应市场的变化。它是独特的、难以复制的,其最终的落脚点就是高职院校的办学能力。高职院校要利用一定的分析方法明确核心竞争力建设目标,构建核心竞争力战略框架图并认真组织实施。

  13. Customized, Outcome-Based, Relevant Evaluation (CORE) at Lipscomb University: A Competency-Based Education Case Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klein-Collins, Rebecca; Olson, Rick

    2014-01-01

    In recent years, there has been a surge of interest in competency-based degree programs at the postsecondary level. These programs are promising for the future of higher education because they establish clear expectations for what graduates must know and be able to do, and many models have been designed to allow students to learn and earn a degree…

  14. Development and assessment of generic competences in engineering degrees through creativity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diego Anguís

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Now more than ever, the social demands on the University require huge amounts of creativity to respond to the socio-economic context of today’s society. Creativity is an ability that requires teamwork as a framework for discussion of the particular ideas of its members, and a scenario for the development of necessary attitudes of tolerance. The experience described was developed with the help received by the University of Seville, within the Call for Teaching Innovation and Improvement Projects of the University’s First Teaching Plan during the 2010-2011 academic year, in a subject corresponding to the second term of the first year of Building Engineering. The experience was designed to develop a very short video with subject-related content to motivate the development of creativity among the students, and which would allow them to understand their own strengths and weaknesses in this area. It was also designed to achieve certain transverse competences included within the learning objectives of the subject, such as the ability to communicate through word and image in the context of a project in which teamwork is promoted. Given that such competences are always difficult to assess, the experience also sought to explore different approaches through peer assessment (using rubrics designed specifically for this case and assessments involving agents external to the educational process. The results obtained show that, from the context of teaching technical subjects, it is possible to develop creativity together with the specific knowledge of the subject, and this experience is proposed as a new model for its teaching.

  15. The online Prescriptive Index platform for the assessment of managerial competencies and coaching needs: development and initial validation of the experience sampling Mood Wheel and the Manager-Rational and Irrational Beliefs Scale

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    David, O.A.

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The Prescriptive Index platform is dedicated to the appraisal and development of managerial competencies, and it is comprised of such measures as the multi-rater Freeman-Gavita Prescriptive Executive Coaching (PEC Assessment for assessing core managerial skills, and the multi-rater Managerial Coaching Assessment System (MCAS for the evaluation of coaching competencies in managers. The aim of this research was to present the development and psychometric properties of new tools, part of the Prescriptive Index platform, for the assessment of managerial emotional competencies: the web and mobile based Mood Wheel measure using experience sampling procedures, for the assessment of current/previous distress and positive emotions; and the self-report Manager Rational and Irrational Beliefs Scale (M-RIBS for the assessment of managerial attitudes involved in emotion-regulation processes. Results obtained show that both instruments integrated in the Prescriptive Index platform have adequate initial psychometric support and predictive validity. Practical implications of our findings are discussed in the light of the importance of enabling organizations to accurately identify managerial competencies and coaching needs.

  16. COMPETENCY ASSESSMENT OF CLOTHING FASHION DESIGN: RASCH MEASUREMENT MODEL FOR CONSTRUCT VALIDITY AND RELIABILITY

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    Arasinah Kamis

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The Clothing Fashion Design (CFaD assessment instrument was used to measure the level of competence among instructors in Skills Training Institute (STI. This study was conducted to select items that are valid, fair, and of quality. The CFaD instrument consists of 97 Likert scale items with six constructs of designing, pattern drafting, computer, sewing, creative, and trade/entrepreneurship. The instrument was administered for the first stage of testing to 95 instructors in STI who teach in the field of fashion and clothing. The Rasch measurement model was used to obtain the reliability, validity, relevance of person items and unidimensionality of items. Therefore, Winsteps software version 3.72.3 was used to analyze the data. The findings showed that the items in the six constructs of skill competency have high reliability, from 0.63 to 0.96 for the Likert scale items. Meanwhile, the reliability of the respondents was estimated between 0.93-0.98. The analysis also indicate that 11 out of the 97 items were misfit while 32 items need to be repaired prior to the decision of dropping some of them due to lack of unidimensionality and differing levels of difficulty. Decisions to remove or repair were made so that the instrument is more fair and equitable to all respondents, and reliable.

  17. Assessing Nephrological Competence among Geriatricians: A Proof of Concept Internet Survey.

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    Raffaele Antonelli Incalzi

    Full Text Available Chronic kidney disease (CKD is highly prevalent in the elderly and negatively impacts survival and health status. Thus, nephrological competence is mandatory for a skilled geriatrician. The present study aimed to assess nephrological competence in a sample of geriatricians recruited through a web survey. To this aim, a 12-items questionnaire was produced by an expert panel of nephrologists and geriatricians and was available online for members of the Italian Society of Gerontology and Geriatrics (SIGG. Two-hundred-eighty-seven geriatricians volunteered to fill in the questionnaire. The majority of them indirectly estimated the glomerular filtration rate (GFR using mainly the Cockroft-Gault (C-G formula. Selected nephrological exams, such as urinary Na and serum D-vitamin measurements, did not qualify as routine exams although the majority of geriatricians supplemented their patients with fat-soluble secosteroids. Ten percent of geriatricians asked for nephrological consultation only for stage 5 CKD patients and 30,9% only for stage 4 or 5. Erythropoietin supplementation was common practice for the majority of geriatricians, while only one third of them systematically used a procedure intended to prevent the contrast induced nephropathy (CIN. Finally, an alleged 50% adherence to the international guidelines for the management of CKD patients emerged from the questionnaire. Overall, results from this survey strongly recommend promoting nephrological education among geriatricians. Didactic standards for in training geriatricians need to be updated and the cooperation between geriatrics and nephrological societies promoted.

  18. Student representational competence and self-assessment when solving physics problems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kohl, Patrick B.; Finkelstein, Noah D.

    2005-12-01

    Student success in solving physics problems is related to the representational format of the problem. We study student representational competence in two large-lecture algebra-based introductory university physics courses with approximately 600 participants total. We examined student performance on homework problems given in four different representational formats (mathematical, pictorial, graphical, verbal), with problem statements as close to isomorphic as possible. In addition to the homeworks, we examine students’ assessment of representations by providing follow-up quizzes in which they chose between various problem formats. As a control, some parts of the classes were assigned a random-format follow-up quiz. We find that there are statistically significant performance differences between different representations of nearly isomorphic statements of quiz and homework problems. We also find that allowing students to choose which representational format they use improves student performance under some circumstances and degrades it in others. Notably, one of the two courses studied shows much greater performance differences between the groups that received a choice of format and those that did not, and we consider possible causes. Overall, we observe that student representational competence is tied to both micro- and macrolevel features of the task and environment.

  19. Getting on with your computer is associated with job satisfaction in primary care: entrants to primary care should be assessed for their competency with electronic patient record systems

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    Simon de Lusignan

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Job satisfaction in primary care is associated with getting on with your computer. Many primary care professionals spend longer interacting with their computer than anything else in their day. However, the computer often makes demands rather than be an aid or supporter that has learned its user’s preferences. The use of electronic patient record (EPR systems is underrepresented in the assessment of entrants to primary care, and in definitions of the core competencies of a family physician/general practitioner. We call for this to be put right: for the use of the EPR to support direct patient care and clinical governance to be given greater prominence in training and assessment. In parallel, policy makers should ensure that the EPR system use is orientated to ensuring patients receive evidence-based care, and EPR system suppliers should explore how their systems might better support their clinician users, in particular learning their preferences.

  20. Getting on with your computer is associated with job satisfaction in primary care: entrants to primary care should be assessed for their competency with electronic patient record systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Lusignan, Simon; Pearce, Christopher; Munro, Neil

    2013-01-01

    Job satisfaction in primary care is associated with getting on with your computer. Many primary care professionals spend longer interacting with their computer than anything else in their day. However, the computer often makes demands rather than be an aid or supporter that has learned its user's preferences. The use of electronic patient record (EPR) systems is underrepresented in the assessment of entrants to primary care, and in definitions of the core competencies of a family physician/general practitioner. We call for this to be put right: for the use of the EPR to support direct patient care and clinical governance to be given greater prominence in training and assessment. In parallel, policy makers should ensure that the EPR system use is orientated to ensuring patients receive evidence-based care, and EPR system suppliers should explore how their systems might better support their clinician users, in particular learning their preferences. PMID:24629650