WorldWideScience

Sample records for assertiveness

  1. Empathy and Assertive Communication.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lane, Shelley D.

    A review of communication research was conducted to (1) describe and clarify the nature of empathy, (2) investigate the construct of assertiveness, (3) posit a possible relationship between empathy and assertiveness, and (4) provide possible suggestions for future research. The literature indicates that conceptualizations of empathy primarily…

  2. Assertive Discipline and Research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barrett, Elden R.

    Assertive Discipline is an outgrowth of Canter and Associates' professional efforts in both working directly with children with behavior problems and consulting with teachers on how to deal effectively with such children. Assertive Discipline is an in-depth approach to classroom and school discipline. Lee and Marlene Canter first published…

  3. Debating China's assertiveness

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    He, Kai; Feng, Huiyun

    2012-01-01

    Engaging the recent debate on China's assertive foreign policy, we suggest that it is normal for China – a rising power – to change its policy to a confident or even assertive direction because of its transformed national interests. We argue also that it is better to understand future US...

  4. Assertiveness and Physical Attractiveness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kleim, David M.; And Others

    Earlier research investigating the relationship between physical attractiveness and assertiveness found that physically attractive females were more assertive than other females. To investigate this relationship further and to broaden the scope of the study, 69 students were videotaped in groups of five to ten while responding to open-ended…

  5. Assertiveness Training: A Communication Key.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Maria

    This program offers assistance in developing a workshop on assertiveness training for students. It discusses how assertiveness helps one learn self-control and take responsibility for one's own behavior. Examples of assertive and non-assertive behavior and exercises to increase assertiveness are delineated as they relate to classroom skills,…

  6. Assertiveness levels of nurses

    OpenAIRE

    Birgül Özkan

    2007-01-01

    Purpose: Assertiveness is defined as the feelings and thoughts of a person being expressed without anxiety and fear. This research is a descriptive study in order to determine the assertiveness levels of nurses and factors , which may influence assertiveness.Material and Methods: The study group of thîs research included 465 nurses working at Erciyes University Gevher Nesibe Medical School Hospital, Dr. Vedat Ali Özkan State Hospital, Kayseri state SSK Hospital and Güneş Private Hospital."Nur...

  7. ASSERT-4 user's manual

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    ASSERT-4 is an advanced subchannel code being developed primarily to model single- and two-phase flow and heat transfer in horizontal rod bundles. This manual is intended to facilitate the application of this code to the analysis of flow in reactor fuel channels. It contains a brief description of the thermalhydraulic model and ASSERT-4 solution scheme, and other information required by users. This other information includes a detailed discussion of input data requirements, a sample problem and solution, and information describing how to access and run ASSERT-4 on the Chalk River computers

  8. Using assertions with trace

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nazimek, Piotr

    2015-09-01

    Algorithms for dynamic detection of assertions are designed to find different types of dependences in programs based only on information collected during their execution without static analysis. Specificity of those algorithms and limited quantity of data to analyze needs to investigate the usage principle of discovered assertions for software dependability increase. This article introduces techniques for increasing usage efficiency of detected assertions through using program execution trace. Concept of trace and of an assertion with trace were defined. The work describes algorithms for reducing the number of traces, shortening traces lengths and reducing the number of observation points identifiers in traces. For several applications fault injection based experiments were conducted in order to check the effectiveness of the proposed approach.

  9. Individual Assertiveness and Health

    OpenAIRE

    Sheinov V. P.

    2014-01-01

    An analytical overview of researches carried out abroad, where the relationship between individual’s assertiveness and their psychological health, depression and dangerous addictions were studied, is given in the article. It is stated that assertiveness supports psychological health, psychological maturity, adequate self-esteem; it helps to get rid of low self-reliance; decreases anxiety level and fears; boosts self-esteem and self-respect; protects from emotional problems; helps to overcome ...

  10. Individual Assertiveness and Health

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sheinov V. P.

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available An analytical overview of researches carried out abroad, where the relationship between individual’s assertiveness and their psychological health, depression and dangerous addictions were studied, is given in the article. It is stated that assertiveness supports psychological health, psychological maturity, adequate self-esteem; it helps to get rid of low self-reliance; decreases anxiety level and fears; boosts self-esteem and self-respect; protects from emotional problems; helps to overcome stress, to give up smoking and generally to be more successful and less prone to depression. For medical workers, it helps to improve treatment of their patients.

  11. Assertive Training in Groups

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sansbury, David L.

    1974-01-01

    This article describes a group approach to helping the nonassertive client. After describing the group composition and goals, he presents a session by session description for conducting the assertive training group. In addition, he presents suggestions based on experiences in leading the group. (Author)

  12. Therapeutic Issues in Assertiveness Training.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rotheram, Mary Jane

    1984-01-01

    Examines the application of systems analyses to assertive/unassertive communications. Contends that (1) the definition of assertiveness varies depending on one's frame of reference, (2) interpersonal networks must be considered in designing assertion programs, and (3) the trainee's initial communication style influences the effectiveness of the…

  13. Assertive Training for Professional Women

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brockway, Barbara Stephens

    1976-01-01

    Many women have undergone assertive training to prepare themselves for the demands of a professional career or independent life style. In the case of professional women, this article suggests that assertive training should focus more on altering certain socialization processes than on increasing overt assertiveness skills. (Author)

  14. A Perspective for Assertiveness Training for Blacks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Minor, Billy Joe

    1978-01-01

    This article discussess assertiveness in the Black-White encounter. The author delineates the assertive options available to Blacks, distortions in interpretation of assertive messages, and strategies for more effective and efficient assertions. (Author)

  15. Assertive behavior: advantages and perception

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sheinov V.

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available In this information-analytical paper analyzes and summarizes the results of all available international research and assertiveness assertive behavior relating to the identification of their strengths and the perception of these phenomena in society. Are some suggestions for overcoming the problems detected.

  16. Assertion and Defense Mechanism Preference.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Massong, Stefan R.; And Others

    1982-01-01

    Investigated whether assertive and nonassertive individuals differ in defense mechanisms they most typically rely on when confronted with interpersonal stress and conflict. Results indicated assertive males and females both endorsed the most adaptive defense mechanism cluster, whereas nonassertive males and females endorsed more primitive defense…

  17. A Historical Approach to Assertiveness

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivelina Peneva

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available A very important personal quality is to be able to advocate for yourself - your own positions, to achieve your objectives, to overcome difficulties,to be determined, but without harming the rights of others and to be able to control the aggressive impulses. The concept, which expressesthese personal characteristics, is called "assertiveness". Assertiveness is a part of the personal potential. It is a prerequisite for self-actualization.The goal we set in this historical-psychological paper is to explore the genesis, development and stabilization of the term "assertiveness". Inthis context, we will examine, compare and analyze the positions of the leading authors on this issue.

  18. A Historical Approach to Assertiveness

    OpenAIRE

    Ivelina Peneva; Stoil Mavrodiev

    2013-01-01

    A very important personal quality is to be able to advocate for yourself - your own positions, to achieve your objectives, to overcome difficulties,to be determined, but without harming the rights of others and to be able to control the aggressive impulses. The concept, which expressesthese personal characteristics, is called "assertiveness". Assertiveness is a part of the personal potential. It is a prerequisite for self-actualization.The goal we set in this historical-psychological paper is...

  19. Middle School PE--Assertiveness Training.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Banks, William H., Jr.; Smith-Fee, Cindy

    1989-01-01

    This article describes a promising approach to the implementation of psycho-social goals in middle school physical education: assertiveness training. Assertiveness is distinguished from aggressiveness, and several assertiveness activities for the curriculum are suggested. (IAH)

  20. Asertivnost in zdravstvo: Assertiveness and health care:

    OpenAIRE

    Černelič Bizjak, Maša

    2009-01-01

    The paper investigates the construct of assertiveness, the definitions, conceptions, components of assertiveness and measurements of assertive behavior. The results of various studies analyzing the relation between relevant correlates are presented. Special attention is focused on the importance of patient assertiveness and the assertiveness among professional nurses. It has been confirmed that nurses need to develop and use adequate assertiveness skills in order to protect themselves from em...

  1. Communication Motives of Assertive and Responsive Communicators.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, Carolyn M.; Martin, Matthew M.

    1995-01-01

    Finds that competent communicators (high assertive, high responsive) communicated from needs for affection, pleasure, and inclusion more than noncompetent (low assertive, low responsive), submissive (low assertive, high responsive), and aggressive (high assertive, low responsive) individuals. Shows that aggressive types communicated more from…

  2. Assertive Communication for Foreign Languages.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walz, Joel

    The wide assortment of books and seminars on assertiveness training shows a growing desire among people to learn how to express their feelings. This paper attempts to adapt many of these techniques to the foreign language classroom. Sixteen activities which enable students to practice communication are proposed. They encompass all levels of…

  3. Responsible Assertive Behavior Promotes Effective Interpersonal Communication.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hulbert, Jack E.

    1983-01-01

    Assertive behavior promotes the development of mutually satisfying relationships, with none of the disadvantages of passive or aggressive behavior. Because of the interpersonal and organizational benefits, managers should encourage assertive behavior throughout their organizations. (SK)

  4. Assertive Management. A Guide for Supervisor Survival

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paulson, Terry L.

    1978-01-01

    In-house training programs and workshops of "assertive management" have been conducted by the Assertion Training Institute, whose goal is to help managers overcome their self-imposed hesitations and obstacles while teaching them communication skills. (LBH)

  5. RADICALLY CONTESTED ASSERTIONS IN ECOSYSTEM MANAGEMENT

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ecosystem management is a magnet for controversy, in part because some of its formulations rest on questionable assertions that are radically contested. These assertions are important to understanding much of the conflict surrounding ecosystem management and, therrefore, deserve...

  6. The Pointer Assertion Logic Engine

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møller, Anders; Schwartzbach, Michael Ignatieff

    2001-01-01

    restricted to simple special cases such as lists or trees. Even so, our current implementation is as fast as the previous specialized tools. Programs are annotated with partial specifications expressed in Pointer Assertion Logic, a new notation for expressing properties of the program store. We work......We present a new framework for verifying partial specifications of programs in order to catch type and memory errors and check data structure invariants. Our technique can verify a large class of data structures, namely all those that can be expressed as graph types. Earlier versions were...... in the logical tradition by encoding the programs and partial specifications as formulas in monadic second-order logic. Validity of these formulas is checked by the MONA tool, which also can provide explicit counterexamples to invalid formulas. To make verification decidable, the technique requires explicit loop...

  7. Assertiveness and problem solving in midwives

    OpenAIRE

    Yurtsal, Zeliha Burcu; Özdemir, Levent

    2015-01-01

    Background: Midwifery profession is required to bring solutions to problems and a midwife is expected to be an assertive person and to develop midwifery care. This study was planned to examine the relationship between assertiveness and problem-solving skills of midwives. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted with 201 midwives between July 2008 and February 2009 in the city center of Sivas. The Rathus Assertiveness Schedule (RAS) and Problem Solving Inventory (PSI) we...

  8. The structure of assertiveness: a confirmatory approach

    OpenAIRE

    ARRINDELL, WA; Sanderman, R; VANDERMOLEN, H; Vanderende, J.; MERSCH, PP

    1988-01-01

    By using confirmatory factor analysis, distress and performance factors of assertion identified previously in a sample of predomi- nantly agoraphobic club members (N = 703) employing the Scale for Interpersonal Behavior (SlB) - the factors being (I) Display of negative feelings; (II) Expression of and dealing with personal limitations; (III) Initiating assertiveness; and (IV) Praising others and the abili to deal with compliments/praise of others (positive assertion) - were shown to be reprod...

  9. Robust assertions and fail-bounded behavior

    OpenAIRE

    Prata, Paula; Rela, Mario; Madeira, Henrique; Silva, João Gabriel

    2005-01-01

    In this paper the behavior of assertion-based error detection mechanisms is characterized under faults injected according to a quite general fault model. Assertions based on the knowledge of the application can be very effective at detecting corruption of critical data caused by hardware faults. The main drawbacks of that approach are identified as being the lack of protection of data outside the section covered by assertions, namely during input and output, and the po...

  10. THE ASSERTIVENESS OF PEOPLE WHO PRACTICE KARATE

    OpenAIRE

    Szark-Eckardt Miroslawa.; Golebiewski Piotr; Cieslicka Miroslawa.; Stankiewicz Blazej.

    2012-01-01

    Assertiveness is the ability to express your thoughts, beliefs and opinions without the feeling of internal tension, that is why it is a desired trait of character. One of the examples of sports disciplines in which assertiveness can play a desired role is karate. One of the aims of this paper was to answer the question, whether the act of doing karate influences the level of assertiveness among people who practice it and to compare the results with the level of assertiveness declared by peop...

  11. Assertion Training: A Tool for Teacher Educators.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoffman, Darlene Haffner

    Assertion training should be an integral part of preservice teacher training so that, when beginning teachers enter the classroom, they will be confident and able to establish a positive learning climate and minimize discipline problems. A graduate course was developed to assist teachers to develop assertive communication and to use assertive…

  12. Staff's perceptions of voluntary assertiveness skills training.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McVanel, Sarah; Morris, Beth

    2010-01-01

    Clinicians' ability to be assertive when unsure or concerned about procedures, treatment modalities, or patients' symptoms is key in reducing risk and preventing sentinel events. In this article, the authors provide a framework for generic, voluntary assertiveness communication skills workshops that any educator can implement. PMID:21119378

  13. A Peer Assertiveness-Training Program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sandmeyer, Louise E.; And Others

    1979-01-01

    This program extends the availability of assertiveness training to students through the use of paraprofessionals as group leaders. This article describes a format for developing a peer assertiveness-training program and is based on the authors' experience conducting this program during the 1977-78 academic year at Pennsylvania State University.…

  14. Assertiveness Training and the Mentally Retarded.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Granat, Jay P.

    1978-01-01

    This article reviews some of the basic principles of assertiveness training and explains the application of this treatment to the habilitation of mentally retarded adults. It presents qualitative data regarding the value of assertiveness training in a counseling group of mentally retarded persons and proposes several guidelines for counselors.…

  15. Assertiveness Training for Job-Seeking Skills

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ball, Patricia G.; McLoughlin, Mary Ellen

    1977-01-01

    Assertiveness Training for Job-Seeking Skills includes skill development in initiating the job search; arranging actual interviews; preparing a resume; articulating strengths, weaknesses, and career objectives; responding assertively in interviews; asking appropriate questions; accepting or rejecting job offers; confronting discrimination;…

  16. [Cognitive and emotional approach to assertiveness].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Azaïs, F; Granger, B; Debray, Q; Ducroix, C

    1999-01-01

    Assertiveness is an individual function which allows adaptation to social interaction. It needs an heterogeneous psychological processus using behavioral, cognitive and emotional components in its expression. Dysfunction in assertiveness contributes to anxious, depressive and personality disorders, representing a frequent impairment for patients. Assertiveness was measured in a population of patients with anxious disorders (n = 33) without concomitant major depression. Rathus Assertiveness Schedule was used for the clinical evaluation, Beck Depression Inventory, Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Inventory and Coopersmith Inventory was also used for clinical measure of depression, anxiety and self-esteem. Global score to Rathus Assertiveness, correlated no specifically with all the others emotional factors. This multidimensional function would benefit to a more discriminant approach, measuring first behavioral and cognitive skills employed in social adaptation and secondly the emotional component of the processus. PMID:10546092

  17. THE ASSERTIVENESS OF PEOPLE WHO PRACTICE KARATE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Szark-Eckardt Miroslawa

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Assertiveness is the ability to express your thoughts, beliefs and opinions without the feeling of internal tension, that is why it is a desired trait of character. One of the examples of sports disciplines in which assertiveness can play a desired role is karate. One of the aims of this paper was to answer the question, whether the act of doing karate influences the level of assertiveness among people who practice it and to compare the results with the level of assertiveness declared by people who do other sports. The method applied in this paper was the diagnostics survey, while the tool was the questionnaire form based on the Rathus Assertiveness Scale. 50 students who practice karate on regular basis and 50 students who do other sports participated in the research. It is undeniable that the level of assertiveness among people who practice karate is higher in comparison to people who do other sports. Karate doers, both men and women obtained better results compared to the second group of sportsmen/women. This regularity can be observed among men, but it is more perceptible among women. As the research presents, people who attend karate trainings at least three times a week are characterized by a higher level of assertiveness in comparison to those who attend the training once a week.

  18. ASSERT development and validation recent progress

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    At the time of the conference, the ASSERT code was being developed to address the three-dimensional computation of flow and phase distribution and fuel-element surface temperatures on a local or subchannel basis within CANDU PHWR fuel channels, and to provide a detailed prediction of critical heat flux (CHF) throughout the fuel channel. This paper briefly describes the ASSERT code and its CHF assessment methodology, and several recent validation exercises concerning applications of the code to simulations relevant to CANDU-PHWR fuel channel conditions. Results are presented of a preliminary ASSERT analysis of the Stern Laboratory full-scale water critical heat flux tests. The initial data from the nominal (uncrept) pressure tube tests for steady-state onset-of dryout conditions was applied to ASSERT. An advanced (pre-experiment) prediction of the Stern Laboratory tests in a crept pressure tube was completed using ASSERT. The purpose of the study was to give the relative reduction in initial fuel channel dryout power for a crept pressure tube compared to the nominal pressure tube for the same boundary conditions. This paper discusses recent ASSERT code validation of two CHF experiments with full-scale vertical flow bundles with Freon coolant; these experiments discussed the effect of fuel bundle radial heat flux distribution (RFD) on CHF. The purpose of the study was to confirm the ability of the ASSERT code to predict the correct parametric trends in dryout power for various RFD profiles. Some past ASSERT validation studies relevant to CANDU-PHWR fuel channel modelling are briefly reviewed. The status of, and future directions for, ASSERT code development are summarized. 40 refs., 9 figs., 1 tab

  19. Developing Processes of Voltan Acar Assertiveness Scale

    OpenAIRE

    Voltan Acar, Nilüfer; ÖĞRETMEN, Tuncay

    2007-01-01

    In order to measure assertiveness the Voltan-Acar Assertiveness Inventory is developed. The scale has 28 items. Test-retest coefficient is 0.89 and Cronbach Alpha is 0.87. According the confirmatory factor analysis of the scale, the internal concistancy coefficent for the passiveness factor is 0.83 (17 items), for the assertiveness factor is 0.78. Reliability coefficient of the whole test is 0.87. Later, second order confirmatory factor model is formulated and the goodness of fit is interpret...

  20. On an assertion in Riemann's Habilitationvortrag

    OpenAIRE

    Di Scala, Antonio Jose

    2001-01-01

    We study an assertion in Riemann's Habilitation Lecture of 1854. Namely, the determination of the metric given $n\\frac{n-1}{2}$ sectional curvatures. We give several counterexamples to a Riemann's claim

  1. Assertive Skills Training for the Blind.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Everhart, Gary; And Others

    1980-01-01

    The article describes how a rehabilitation center for the blind, aware that many clients were inept in dealing with society at large, instituted an assertive skills training program to improve client skills in this area. (Author/SBH)

  2. Assertiveness and Anxiety in Midwifery & Nursing Students

    OpenAIRE

    T Taghavi Larijani; ** ND (MSc.) Sharifi Neiestanak; *** M (MSc.) Aghajani; A Mehran

    2009-01-01

    Background & Objective: High levels of assertiveness and low levels of anxiety are important factors that result in suitable communication. They also increase intellectual abilities, abstract thought, power & autonomy, and personal well-being among nursing and midwifery students. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between assertiveness and anxiety among midwifery and nursing students. Methods & Materials: In this correlational, cross-sectional stud...

  3. Trial and Evaluation of Assertion Training Involving Nursing Students

    OpenAIRE

    Nishina, Yuko; Tanigaki, Shizuko

    2013-01-01

    Background The concept of assertion and conceptual/practical methods of assertion (assertiveness) training were originally developed in the United States and Europe. These principles were embraced and adapted in Japan in 1970’s. However, only a few studies relating to assertion (assertiveness) have been undertaken thus far in Japan, especially so in the domain of nursing students in comparison with other countries. The purpose of this study was to design and implement assertion training with ...

  4. Assertive Training: Teaching Women Not to Discriminate Against Themselves.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Butler, Pamela E.

    The process of assertive training is described with emphasis placed on its applicability to problems in female assertiveness. Male and female members of four assertive training groups were compared on the Wolpe-Lazarus assertive inventory. Male members obtained a significantly lower score than female members i.e., men reported themselves as…

  5. Assertiveness And Conflictive Thoughts Of Students”

    OpenAIRE

    K. N. Chattopadhyay And Papiya Upadhyay

    2012-01-01

    Aim of the study is to investigate that level of assertiveness can affect conflictive thoughts of students. For this investigation 160 college going students belonging to the age group of 17 to 23 years, out of which 80 students were higher assertiveness and 80 students were lower assertiveness from Beed District. To assess level of Assertive Inventory: - Assertive inventory developed by Dr. Tasneem Naqvi were used, and to assess the Conflictive Thoughts the Conflictive Thoughts Analysis Inve...

  6. The Development of the Sexual Assertiveness Questionnaire (SAQ): A Comprehensive Measure of Sexual Assertiveness for Women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loshek, Eevett; Terrell, Heather K

    2015-01-01

    Sexual assertiveness has been defined in a number of ways by many researchers, with different aspects of sexual assertiveness emphasized in different measures. Most previous measures have included condom insistence as an important aspect of sexual assertiveness, but this may not translate well to women at all life stages or in varied types of relationships. The goal of the current study was to develop a comprehensive measure of sexual assertiveness that encompasses the aspects of sexual assertiveness that have been emphasized by previous researchers, with the exception of condom insistence. Items were generated based on previous measures and definitions, and an exploratory factor analysis was conducted (Study 1) to better understand the dimensions of sexual assertiveness. The proposed scale was revised and further refined using both exploratory factor analysis and confirmatory factor analysis in Study 2. The final scale consisted of 18 items that seem to capture three dimensions of sexual assertiveness: the ability to initiate and communicate about desired sex, the ability to refuse unwanted sex, and the ability to communicate about sexual history and risk. Model fit indices indicate that this three-factor solution fits the data well. Implications and suggestions for future research are discussed. PMID:25211014

  7. A Proposal for Evaluating Cognition in Assertiveness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vagos, Paula; Pereira, Anabela

    2010-01-01

    This article presents the development process and initial psychometric features of an instrument for evaluating cognition in assertiveness. This is an essential social skill for adolescent development and seems to encompass emotional, behavioral, and cognitive aspects. The instrument was created by combining both empirical and theoretical methods…

  8. 32 CFR 757.14 - Claims asserted.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 5 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Claims asserted. 757.14 Section 757.14 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY CLAIMS AFFIRMATIVE CLAIMS REGULATIONS..., retiree, or dependent is driving a vehicle and is injured in single-car accident, there is no...

  9. Enhancing assertiveness in district nurse specialist practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Green, Julie

    2016-08-01

    District nurse (DN) care delivery has undergone substantial change in recent years due to changing demographics and service delivery demands that have called for a move of care delivery from secondary to primary care. The title District Nurse is recorded with the Nursing and Midwifery Council (NMC) on completion of the Specialist Practice Qualification in District Nursing (SPQ DN), which purports to be a 'transformational' course that prepares future caseload holders to manage their team and prioritise care delivery effectively. This article explores the need for assertiveness skills in this role in response to Australian research, and outlines the pedagogic interventions implemented during the SPQ DN course to enhance this skill. Assertiveness scores were monitored for the duration of the course and demonstrated a significant increase-a topic that is now the subject of a future, funded study. PMID:27479854

  10. Heidegger on Assertion, Method, and Metaphysics

    OpenAIRE

    Golob, Sacha

    2013-01-01

    In Sein und Zeit Heidegger makes several claims about the nature of ‘assertion’ [Aussage]. These claims are of particular philosophical interest: they illustrate, for example, important points of contact and divergence between Heidegger’s work and philosophical movements including Kantianism, the early Analytic tradition, and contemporary pragmatism. This article provides a new assessment of one of these claims: the claim that assertion is connected to a ‘present-at-hand’ ontology. I also ind...

  11. Irish consumer law: asserting a domestic agenda

    OpenAIRE

    Donnelly, Mary; White, Fidelma

    2013-01-01

    This article asserts the importance of developing a distinct Irish consumer law and argues that the matter of consumer protection cannot simply be ceded to Europe. In developing this argument, the article first identifies the hybrid common law and European origins of Irish consumer law. It then traces the development of consumer law in this jurisdiction and focuses on the re-activation of the national consumer protection agenda, both in Ireland and across the European Union, in the last deca...

  12. Approximate Assertional Reasoning Over Expressive Ontologies

    OpenAIRE

    Tserendorj, Tuvshintur

    2010-01-01

    In this thesis, approximate reasoning methods for scalable assertional reasoning are provided whose computational properties can be established in a well-understood way, namely in terms of soundness and completeness, and whose quality can be analyzed in terms of statistical measurements, namely recall and precision. The basic idea of these approximate reasoning methods is to speed up reasoning by trading off the quality of reasoning results against increased speed.

  13. [Relationship of perception conflict and assertiveness in nurses].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stojčić, Živko; Perković, Lada; Stašević, Ina; Stojčić, Nevena; Ropac, Darko

    2014-06-01

    At their workplace, nurses are exposed to a number of conflict situations. On dealing with such situations, a significant role is played by assertiveness skills. Assertiveness is the necessity of efficient communication between nurses and patients. Thus, development of these skills can enhance patient confidence in the nursing profession. The aim of the study was to determine whether there are differences in assertiveness with respect to age and sex, and whether there is and what is the connection between assertiveness, potential sources of conflict at work, conflicts due to the behavior of associates, resolving conflicts and self-assessment in resolving conflicts. The survey included 87 hospital nurses. The questionnaire included assessment of assertiveness. On processing the results, we calculated the indicators of descriptive statistics, carried out the variance analysis and t-test, and calculated Pearson's correlation coefficients. It was found that the majority of subjects expressed a medium level of assertiveness, i.e. they could be considered as relatively assertive persons. There were significant differences in assertiveness according to age of the subjects and length of service, where the oldest age group was significantly less assertive. More assertive subjects frequently observed behaviors that may be a source of conflict and problems in the organization of work. At the same time, they often had conflicts because of such behavior, which indicated that more assertive subjects were bolder and more secure. More assertive subjects believed that they were more successful in resolving conflicts than non-assertive subjects. PMID:26016217

  14. The Reciprocal Relationship Between Sexual Victimization and Sexual Assertiveness

    OpenAIRE

    Livingston, Jennifer A.; Testa, Maria; VanZile-Tamsen, Carol

    2007-01-01

    Low sexual assertiveness has been proposed as a possible mechanism through which sexual revictimization occurs, yet evidence for this has been mixed. In this study, prospective path analysis was used to examine the relationship between sexual refusal assertiveness and sexual victimization over time among a community sample of women. Results provide support for a reciprocal relationship, with historical victimization predicting low sexual assertiveness and low sexual assertiveness predicting s...

  15. Stylistic Complexity and Verb Usage in Assertive and Passive Speech.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gervasio, Amy Herstein; And Others

    1983-01-01

    Studied conversation in a role play of assertive behavior of 58 college students and compared this with stylistic complexity derived from publications on assertiveness training. Results showed that for both samples assertive speakers used significantly more words, phrases and clauses than passive speakers. (LLL)

  16. Assertive Behavior and Likeability in Elementary School Boys.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wojnilower, Daniel A.; Gross, Alan M.

    1984-01-01

    The social impact of assertive versus nonassertive behavior in fourth- and fifth-grade boys was investigated. Subjects viewed and evaluated eight videotaped scenes of different ten-year-old male models responding assertively or nonassertively to given situations. Results suggest that assertive behavior is valued by elementary school boys. (RDN)

  17. Effects of Assertive Training on Hospitalized Adolescents and Young Adults.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fiedler, Phyllis E.; And Others

    1979-01-01

    This study focuses on reducing the hostility of hospitalized adolescent and young adult psychiatric patients through assertive training techniques designed to teach appropriate responses to interpersonal conflict. It was predicted that, after treatment, the assertive group would show greater assertiveness, less hostility, and a more positive…

  18. Assertiveness and Sexual Satisfaction in Employed Professional Women

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whitley, Marilyn Peddicord; Poulsen, Susan B.

    1975-01-01

    Examines the relationship between assertive personality traits and sexual satisfaction in 45 employed professional women. Results show: (1) a positive correlation between assertiveness and reported sexual satisfaction; (2) as age and length of marriage increase so does reported sexual satisfaction; and (3) as assertiveness increases so do reports…

  19. ASSERT and COBRA predictions of flow distribution in vertical bundles

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    COBRA and ASSERT are subchannel codes which compute flow and enthalpy distributions in rod bundles. COBRA is a well known code, ASSERT is under development at CRNL. This paper gives a comparison of the two codes with boiling experiments in vertical seven rod bundles. ASSERT predictions of the void distribution are shown to be in good agreement with reported experimental results, while COBRA predictions are unsatisfactory. The mixing models in both COBRA and ASSERT are briefly discussed. The reasons for the failure of COBRA-IV and the success of ASSERT in simulating the experiments are highlighted

  20. Enjoy! Hedonic Consumption and Compliance with Assertive Messages

    OpenAIRE

    Kronrod, A.; Grinstein, A.; Wathieu, L.

    2012-01-01

    This paper examines the persuasiveness of assertive language (as in Nike's slogan "Just do it") as compared to nonassertive language (as in Microsoft's slogan "Where do you want to go today?"). Previous research implies that assertive language should reduce consumer compliance. Two experiments show that assertiveness is more effective in communications involving hedonic products, as well as hedonically advertised utilitarian products. This prediction builds on sociolinguistic research address...

  1. The Level of Depression and Assertiveness among Nursing Students

    OpenAIRE

    Rezayat, Fatemeh; Dehghan Nayeri, Nahid

    2014-01-01

    Background: Nursing students are susceptible to a higher risk of depression. Recognition of depression, assertiveness and the relationship between them is important since if a relationship exists, probably enhancing the level of assertiveness can reduce depression in this high risk group. We aimed to investigate depression and assertiveness levels and the relationship between them in nursing students of Tehran University of Medical Sciences. Methods: The target population of this cross-sectio...

  2. The drift flux model in the ASSERT subchannel code

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The ASSERT subchannel code has been developed specifically to model flow and phase distributions within CANDU fuel bundles. ASSERT uses a drift-flux model which permits the phases to have unequal velocities, and can thus model phase separation tendencies which may occur in horizontal flow. The basic principles of ASSERT are outlined, and computed results are compared against data from various experiments for validation purposes. The paper concludes with an example of the code to predict critical heat flux in CANDU geometries

  3. Separation-individuation and assertiveness in late adolescents

    OpenAIRE

    Aslan, Sevda

    2013-01-01

    An adolescent can experience some problems regarding assertiveness during the course of separation-individuation from their caregivers. The purpose of this study is to describe the relationship between separation-individuation and assertiveness, which was examined in terms of how assertiveness predicts the separation-individuation of Turkish late adolescents. The sampling group consisted of 283 university students. The data gathered were analyzed by involving several simple regression analysi...

  4. SVA the power of assertions in SystemVerilog

    CERN Document Server

    Cerny, Eduard; Havlicek, John; Korchemny, Dmitry

    2015-01-01

    This book is a comprehensive guide to assertion-based verification of hardware designs using System Verilog Assertions (SVA). It enables readers to minimize the cost of verification by using assertion-based techniques in simulation testing, coverage collection and formal analysis. The book provides detailed descriptions of all the language features of SVA, accompanied by step-by-step examples of how to employ them to construct powerful and reusable sets of properties.?The book also shows how SVA fits into the broader System Verilog language, demonstrating the ways that assertions can interact

  5. Effectiveness of Assertive Discipline in a Rural Setting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferre, Victor; Ferre, Louise

    1991-01-01

    Assertive discipline can help teachers develop more consistent and effective communication strategies for influencing student behavior. Over a nine-week period, two teachers using assertive discipline reduced the off-task and disruptive behavior of a male kindergarten student by defining behavioral limits and providing positive and negative…

  6. Enhancement of Self-Regulation, Assertiveness, and Empathy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanz de Acedo Lizarraga, M. Luisa; Ugarte, M. Dolores; Cardelle-Elawar, Maria; Iriarte, M. Dolores; Sanz de Acedo Baquedano, M. Teresa

    2003-01-01

    Examined the effects of teaching self-regulation strategies and social skills to 40 middle school students who presented difficulties in self-reflection, self-inquiry, assertiveness, and empathy. Significant gains were observed in the experimental group in self-regulation of learning, self-control of behavior, assertiveness, empathy, and…

  7. The status of the knowledge account of assertion

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hindriks, Frank

    2007-01-01

    According to the increasingly popular knowledge account, assertion is governed by the rule that speech acts of that kind require knowledge of their content. Timothy Williamson has argued that this knowledge rule is the constitutive rule of assertion. It is argued here that it is not the constitutive

  8. Separation-individuation and assertiveness in late adolescents

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aslan, Sevda

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available An adolescent can experience some problems regarding assertiveness during the course of separation-individuation from their caregivers. The purpose of this study is to describe the relationship between separation-individuation and assertiveness, which was examined in terms of how assertiveness predicts the separation-individuation of Turkish late adolescents. The sampling group consisted of 283 university students. The data gathered were analyzed by involving several simple regression analysis method. The findings revealed that aassertiveness predicts separation anxiety in a meaningful way. Furthermore, the assertiveness predicts engulfment anxiety, peer enmeshment, need denial, practicing-mirroring, rejection expectancy, and healthy separation. These findings suggest that psycho-educational studies improving assertiveness can be carried out for the late adolescents who experience separation-individuation problems.

  9. Effect of the Creative Drama-Based Assertiveness Program on the Assertiveness Skill of Psychological Counsellor Candidates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gundogdu, Rezzan

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this quasi-experimental research is to study the effects of the creative drama-based assertiveness program (CDBAP) on the assertiveness skill of Psychological Counselling and Guidance (PCG) department students. The opinions of experimental group students on the program were obtained through the CDBAP evaluation form. The sample of…

  10. Effect of assertive outreach after suicide attempt in the AID (assertive intervention for deliberate self harm) trial

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Morthorst, Britt; Krogh, Jesper; Erlangsen, Annette; Alberdi Olano, Francisco Javier Lorenzo; Nordentoft, Merete

    2012-01-01

    To assess whether an assertive outreach intervention after suicide attempt could reduce the frequency of subsequent suicidal acts, compared with standard treatment.......To assess whether an assertive outreach intervention after suicide attempt could reduce the frequency of subsequent suicidal acts, compared with standard treatment....

  11. Levels of Assertiveness and Peer Pressure of Nursing Students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Esin Arslan

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: The research was conducted in order to determine levels of assertiveness and peer pressure of the nursing students.Methodology: This descriptive research has been performed with 154 nursing students in Bozok University, The data were collected with Questionnaire Form, Rathus Assertiveness Inventory and Peer Pressure Scale. We used the data one way Anova, two samples t test, the relationship between several independent variables and scales were evaluated by Pearson correlation technique in order to evaluate the data with normal distribution.Results: It was seen that 69.5% of the students was assertive and mean scores for assertiveness of the male students (19.4±17.9 were higher than that of the female students (29.0±14.1. However, mean scores for peer pressure of the male students (56.6±12.4 were higher than that of the female students (44.0±8.8. It was found out that there was a positive direction middle level significant correlation between mean assertiveness scores and mean peer pressure scores of the studentsConclusion: Although we did not find any significant correlation between mean assertiveness scores and mean peer pressure scores, it was seen that male students were more assertive than female students and male students experienced peer pressure more than female students.

  12. To assert or not to assert: conflict management and occupational therapy students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Landa-Gonzalez, Belkis

    2008-01-01

    As occupational therapists prepare to fulfill the vision of the profession and face the challenges of this century, asserting themselves professionally and effectively collaborating with others is of critical importance. The conflict resolution behaviors used to manage current and future practice environments have significant implications for job retention, work climate, patient care and the development of professional relationships. The literature suggests that occupational therapy students tend to use unassertive forms of conflict management. In an effort to identify potential inconsistencies between students' tendencies and professional demands, this study examined the conflict resolution behaviors that graduate, traditional, and nontraditional occupational therapy students, are likely to use (n = 145). The design of the study was descriptive and correlational. The Thomas Kilmann's MODE instrument and a Conflict Case questionnaire were used as measures of the conflict resolution styles. Results indicated that traditional students favored collaborating while nontraditional students preferred competing and avoiding. The management strategies used by the two groups differed based on the outcome focus and the power relationship between disputants. Findings are relevant for occupational therapy education and continuing professional development. Training in conflict management strategies that would strengthen students' assertiveness and interpersonal skills would be helpful in fostering the leadership needed for fulfilling the profession's vision. PMID:23930758

  13. The drift flux model in the ASSERT subchannel code

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The ASSERT subchannel code has been developed specifically to model flow and phase distributions within CANDU fuel bundles. ASSERT uses a drift-flux model that permits the phases to have unequal velocities, and can thus model phase separation tendencies that may occur in horizontal flow. The basic principles of ASSERT are outlined, and computed results are compared against data from various experiments for validation purposes. The paper concludes with an example of the use of the code to predict critical heat flux in CANDU geometries

  14. Recent developments in ASSERT-PV code for subchannel thermalhydraulics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper summarises recent development of ASSERT-PV, and provides examples of applications to CANDU fuel bundles in predicting flow, heat transfer and sheath temperatures. The development work is intended to improve computational and phenomenological modelling capabilities of ASSERT-PV in simulating various flow scenarios in CANDU fuel bundles. The latest version of ASSERT-PV can be used for simulations of steady state or transient, subchannel thermalhydraulics in CANDU bundles under conditions up to and including post-dryout heat transfer. (author)

  15. Automation of assertion testing - Grid and adaptive techniques

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andrews, D. M.

    1985-01-01

    Assertions can be used to automate the process of testing software. Two methods for automating the generation of input test data are described in this paper. One method selects the input values of variables at regular intervals in a 'grid'. The other, adaptive testing, uses assertion violations as a measure of errors detected and generates new test cases based on test results. The important features of assertion testing are that: it can be used throughout the entire testing cycle; it provides automatic notification of error conditions; and it can be used with automatic input generation techniques which eliminate the subjectivity in choosing test data.

  16. MOTIVATIONAL AND VALUE-SEMANTIC DETERMINANTS OF INDIVIDUAL ASSERTIVENESS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lebedeva Inga Viktorovna

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available The paper attempts to reveal the concept of "determinants of assertiveness" of a personality, which are determined by motivational characteristics and life value and meaning orientations of the individual. The immediate driving force of human action is the motive or the system of motives. The system of motives of human behavior in different situations of activities, communication and cognition is determined by the personal world view (set of ideas, interests, and beliefs. The value orientation, influencing the direction of human activity, determines a person's behavior and is a personality determinant in the manifestations of assertive behavior and assertiveness. Therefore, the significant psychological factors that contribute to the development of assertiveness are high motivation to success, positive attitudes, and such values as compassion, tolerance, mutual understanding, sympathy, concern that oppose to violence, domination, suppression and submission. The article also presents the results of an empirical study of motivational and value-semantic characteristics of the individual.

  17. Assertion: A Technique for Handling Troublesome Library Patrons.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Groark, James J.

    1979-01-01

    Encourages the use of assertion training for librarians to aid them in providing reference service, interviewing for employment, and handling difficult patrons. A list of references and a selection of readers' comments on the article is included. (FM)

  18. THE EFFECT OF ASSERTIVENESS ON CONFLICT HANDLING STYLES

    OpenAIRE

    ERGENELİ, Azize; KARAPINAR, Pınar BAYHAN; CAMGÖZ, Selin METİN

    2011-01-01

     The purpose of this study was determine the effect of assertiveness in predicting the preference of conflict handling style in the light of the authority position of the other party. We first explored assertiveness as determinant of preferred conflict handling styles and second; examined whether the status of the other party as a situational factor alters this relationship. Data were gathered using self-administered survey to 206 employees working at a textile manufacturing company.  In conf...

  19. Levels of Assertiveness and Peer Pressure of Nursing Students

    OpenAIRE

    Esin Arslan; Nazan Kiliç Akça; Mürüvvet Baser

    2013-01-01

    Background: The research was conducted in order to determine levels of assertiveness and peer pressure of the nursing students.Methodology: This descriptive research has been performed with 154 nursing students in Bozok University, The data were collected with Questionnaire Form, Rathus Assertiveness Inventory and Peer Pressure Scale. We used the data one way Anova, two samples t test, the relationship between several independent variables and scales were evaluated by Pearson correlation tech...

  20. Effect of assertive outreach after suicide attempt in the AID (assertive intervention for deliberate self harm) trial

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Morthorst, Britt; Krogh, Jesper; Erlangsen, Annette;

    2012-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To assess whether an assertive outreach intervention after suicide attempt could reduce the frequency of subsequent suicidal acts, compared with standard treatment. DESIGN: Randomised, parallel group, superiority trial with blinded outcome assessment. SETTING: Outpatient intervention a...

  1. Optimal Decomposition of Service Level Objectives into Policy Assertions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rastegari, Yousef; Shams, Fereidoon

    2015-01-01

    WS-agreement specifies quality objectives that each partner is obligated to provide. To meet quality objectives, the corresponding partner should apply appropriate policy assertions to its web services and adjust their parameters accordingly. Transformation of WS-CDL to WSBPEL is addressed in some related works, but neither of them considers quality aspects of transformation nor run-time adaptation. Here, in conformance with web services standards, we propose an optimal decomposition method to make a set of WS-policy assertions. Assertions can be applied to WSBPEL elements and affect their run-time behaviors. The decomposition method achieves the best outcome for a performance indicator. It also guarantees the lowest adaptation overhead by reducing the number of service reselections. We considered securities settlement case study to prototype and evaluate the decomposition method. The results show an acceptable threshold between customer satisfaction-the targeted performance indicator in our case study-and adaptation overhead. PMID:26962544

  2. Automated Synthesis of Assertion Monitors using Visual Specifications

    CERN Document Server

    Gadkari, Ambar A

    2011-01-01

    Automated synthesis of monitors from high-level properties plays a significant role in assertion-based verification. We present here a methodology to synthesize assertion monitors from visual specifications given in CESC (Clocked Event Sequence Chart). CESC is a visual language designed for specifying system level interactions involving single and multiple clock domains. It has well-defined graphical and textual syntax and formal semantics based on synchronous language paradigm enabling formal analysis of specifications. In this paper we provide an overview of CESC language with few illustrative examples. The algorithm for automated synthesis of assertion monitors from CESC specifications is described. A few examples from standard bus protocols (OCP-IP and AMBA) are presented to demonstrate the application of monitor synthesis algorithm.

  3. Secure bindings of SAML assertions to TLS sessions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kohlar, Florian; Schwenk, Jörg; Jensen, Meiko;

    2010-01-01

    strengthen the Same Origin Policy of the browser by taking into account the security guarantees TLS gives. In this paper, we present a third approach which is of further interest beyond IDM protocols: we bind the SAML assertion to the TLS session that has been agreed upon between client and the service......In recent research work, two approaches to protect SAML based Federated Identity Management (FIM) against man-in-the-middle attacks have been proposed. One approach is to bind the SAML assertion and the SAML artifact to the public key contained in a TLS client certificate. Another approach is to...

  4. Social competence: evaluation of assertiveness in Spanish adolescents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Castedo, Antonio López; Juste, Margarita Pino; Alonso, José Domínguez

    2015-02-01

    Relations between assertiveness in adolescents' social behavior and demographic variables were assessed in 4,943 Spanish adolescents, ages 12 to 17 years, enrolled in 32 schools for Compulsory Secondary Education. Province of residence, school size, age, grade, and academic focus were statistically significant sources of variance in assertiveness scores. All effects were small. Patterns in responses indicate the items should be reviewed to improve the measure for adolescents, and as a tool for addressing teens' social competence in real life situations. PMID:25621673

  5. Alcohol, aggression and assertiveness in men: dosage and expectancy effects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kreutzer, J S; Schneider, H G; Myatt, C R

    1984-05-01

    The effect of alcohol on aggression and assertiveness was examined in 54 men college students. A 2 (high vs low dosage expectancy) x 3 (0.0, 0.5 and 1.0 ml of 95% alcohol per kg of body weight) design was used. There was an increase in self-reported aggression at the moderate dosage but an increase only in profanity at the high dosage. The expectancy manipulation also produced an increase in self-reported aggression. Actual dosage and dosage expectancy did not influence assertiveness. PMID:6748671

  6. Assertiveness predicts threat and challenge reactions to potential stress among women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tomaka, J; Palacios, R; Schneider, K T; Colotla, M; Concha, J B; Herrald, M M

    1999-06-01

    In this study assertiveness as a moderator of stress reactions among women was examined. Specifically, the experimenters examined how high and low assertive women cognitively appraised, affectively and physiologically responded to, and behaviorally coped with the stress of giving an impromptu speech. High assertive women appraised the speech stressor as challenging, whereas low assertive women appraised the stressor as threatening. High assertive women also had a challenge pattern of autonomic response during the task, compared with the threat response of low assertive women. Afterward, the high assertive women reported experiencing less stress and negative emotion and greater positive emotion than did the low assertive women. Overall, the high assertive women's stress-related reactions indicated challenge, whereas the low assertive women's reactions indicated threat (see J. Tomaka, J. Blascovich, R. M. Kelsey, & C. L. Leitten, 1993). PMID:10402683

  7. Judgmental Force and Assertion in Brentano and Early Husserl

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Janoušek, Hynek

    -, č. 15 (2015), s. 107-128. ISSN 1582-5647 R&D Projects: GA ČR GA15-18149S Institutional support: RVO:67985955 Keywords : Brentano * Husserl * judgment * assertion * judgmental force * phenomenology Subject RIV: AA - Philosophy ; Religion

  8. MOTIVATIONAL AND VALUE-SEMANTIC DETERMINANTS OF INDIVIDUAL ASSERTIVENESS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Инга Викторовна Лебедева

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available The paper attempts to reveal the concept of "determinants of assertiveness" of a personality, which are determined by motivational characteristics and life value and meaning orientations of the individual. The immediate driving force of human action is the motive or the system of motives. The system of motives of human behavior in different situations of activities, communication and cognition is determined by the personal world view (set of ideas, interests, and beliefs. The value orientation, influencing the direction of human activity, determines a person's behavior and is a personality determinant in the manifestations of assertive behavior and assertiveness. Therefore, the significant psychological factors that contribute to the development of assertiveness are high motivation to success, positive attitudes, and such values as compassion, tolerance, mutual understanding, sympathy, concern that oppose to violence, domination, suppression and submission.The article also presents the results of an empirical study of motivational and value-semantic characteristics of the individual.DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12731/2218-7405-2013-4-15

  9. Competency-Based Approach to Discipline--It's Assertive.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Canter, Lee

    1979-01-01

    Assertive Discipline (AD) advocates a systematic approach which enables teachers to set firm, consistent limits for students while remaining cognizant of students' need for warmth and positive support. This article describes effective and ineffective teacher disciplinary behaviors, AD competencies, and the implementation of AD at Rice Elementary…

  10. Using Assertive Training to Develop Positive Job Interviewing Skills.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zelenak, Bonnie McKnight

    1978-01-01

    This article reviews the differences between two types of workshops and a control group on the development of positive interviewing skills. An assertiveness training group, combined with the presentation of interviewing skills and a didactic group, were the two treatments. (Author)

  11. Assertion checking environment (ACE) for formal verification of C programs

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this paper we describe an Assertion Checking Environment (ACE) for compositional verification of programs, which are written in an industrially sponsored safe subset of C programming language called MISRA C [Guidelines for the Use of the C Language in Vehicle Based Software, 1998]. The theory is based on Hoare logic [Commun. ACM 12 (1969) 576] and the C programs are verified using static assertion checking technique. First the functional specifications of the program, captured in the form of pre- and post-conditions for each C function, are derived from the specifications. These pre- and post-conditions are then introduced as assertions (also called annotations or formal comments) in the program code. The assertions are then proved formally using ACE and theorem proving tool called Stanford Temporal Prover [The Stanford Temporal Prover User's Manual, 1998]. ACE has been developed by us and consists mainly of a translator c2spl, a GUI and some utility programs. The technique and tools developed are targeted towards verification of real-time embedded software

  12. Peer Teaching Assertive Communication Strategies for the Workplace.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cangelosi, Barbara R.; Peterson, M. Larry

    A unit in assertive communication strategies for the workplace was developed and tested with approximately 45 juniors and seniors at a Utah high school. For 4 weeks of a 6-week grading period, the students were exposed to basic information on verbal and nonverbal communication and administered a survey designed to tap their individual value system…

  13. Teaching Social Skills and Assertiveness to Students with Disabilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moffett, Aaron; Alexander, Melissa G. F.; Dummer, Gail M.

    2006-01-01

    This article discusses teaching social skills and assertiveness to students with disabilities. The National Association for Sport and Physical Education (NASPE) content standards for physical education emphasize teaching responsible personal and social behaviors to students of all abilities, to help them develop an understanding of and respect for…

  14. Assertiveness by Older Adults with Visual Impairment: Context Matters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ryan, Ellen Bouchard; Anas, Ann P.; Mays, Heather

    2008-01-01

    Within a communication predicament of aging and disability framework, this study examined the impact of two types of contextual variation on perceptions of older adult assertiveness within problematic service encounters. Young (N = 66) and older (N = 66) participants evaluated conversational scenarios in which a visually-impaired older woman…

  15. Assertiveness Among Young Rural Adolescents: Relationship to Alcohol Use

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goldberg-Lillehoj, Catherine J.; Spoth, Richard; Trudeau, Linda

    2005-01-01

    There is evidence of higher prevalence rates for alcohol use among rural adolescents relative to urban adolescents. Strategies aimed at preventing adolescent alcohol use typically include the development of social skills to resist peer pressure; among the social skills frequently targeted is assertiveness. Self-report data were collected from a…

  16. Environmental marketing - element for asserting the management of sustainable development

    OpenAIRE

    Funaru, M.; Baranov, A.

    2012-01-01

    This paper presents a theoretical approach where the concept of sustainable development is integrated in terms of environmental marketing and sustainable development management. All these concepts are defined by showing the links between them, how they relate, finally leading to the objectives of firms in terms of sustainable development. The paper also presents the role of environmental marketing, asserting its importance as a tool for sustainable development management. Given the developmen...

  17. Relationship between Problem Solving and Assertiveness Skills among Nursing Students

    OpenAIRE

    Naiemeh Seyedfatemi; Zeinab Moshirabadi; Leili Borimnejad; Hamid Haghani

    2014-01-01

      Background & Aim: The nature of clinical practice has altered in recent years. It has been affected by different kinds of problem-solving models' so, the problem-solving skill is necessary in practice for nurse practitioners. Besides assertiveness is a critical element which persuades nurses and nursing students to establish good relationships and use their knowledge and professional skills effectively. The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between problem solving and asserti...

  18. Between compassionateness and assertiveness: a trust matrix for leaders

    OpenAIRE

    Victor Manuel Monteiro Seco; Miguel Pereira Lopes

    2014-01-01

    Purpose: Construct the structure of trust-building perceived by principals in Portuguese public schools.Design/methodology/approach: A grounded theory approach applied to a survey of open questions answered by school’s principals.Findings: (1) self-trust is the single trait common to all respondents; (2) compassion is a striking antecedent in the process of other-trust; compassionateness and assertiveness must combine with one another to achieve leadership based on smart trust, what is outlin...

  19. Assertiveness in boys : evaluating the construct using template matching procedures

    OpenAIRE

    Weist, Mark D.

    1988-01-01

    The present investigation expanded on the template matching approach (Cone, 1980) to empirically evaluate whether assertiveness is associated with interpersonal success among a group of fourth grade boys. Using popular sociometric status as an index of success in interaction, the performances of 15 popular boys were compared with those of 15 rejected boys in a role-play measure of social behavior. An observation code containing behaviors traditionally associated with a...

  20. MOTIVATIONAL AND VALUE-SEMANTIC DETERMINANTS OF INDIVIDUAL ASSERTIVENESS

    OpenAIRE

    Инга Викторовна Лебедева

    2013-01-01

    The paper attempts to reveal the concept of "determinants of assertiveness" of a personality, which are determined by motivational characteristics and life value and meaning orientations of the individual. The immediate driving force of human action is the motive or the system of motives. The system of motives of human behavior in different situations of activities, communication and cognition is determined by the personal world view (set of ideas, interests, and beliefs). The value orientati...

  1. Assertiveness and anxiety effects in traditional and online Interactions

    OpenAIRE

    Baker, Amy E.; Jeske, Debora

    2015-01-01

    The present study explored the extent to which self-esteem is a significant predictor of social network use and the level of anxiety and assertiveness participants feel during traditional and online interactions. Using a survey design (N=184), it was found that lower self esteem was not associated with more intensive social network use, in contrast to the social compensationn theory. Self-esteem was a significant negative predictor of social anxiety as well as a positive predictor of assertiv...

  2. The Relevance of Wrestlers’ Assertiveness with Their Individual Success

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erdoğan Yılmaz

    Full Text Available Subjects has been chosen from wrestlers, have the right to take part in Turkey Wrestling Championship in 2006-2007 season, deal with the wrestling sport in various cities and clubs in Turkey. Subjects consist of total 213 wrestlers whose age range from 17 to 40 and participated in Turkey Wrestling championship, and these wrestlers include 169 free-styles and Greco-Roman style male wrestlers and 44 free-style female wrestlers. It has been aimed in this study to analyze assertiveness level of elite male and female wrestlers’ effect on their individual success. Firstly, information related to the aim of the survey has been given systematically by scanning literature. Thus, a theoretical framework about the topic has been established. Secondly, personal identification form created by the researcher, results ruler of athlete and assertiveness inventory developed by Rathus, adapted into Turkish by Voltan, applied on the male and female wrestlers randomly in order to achieve the object of this study. In the statistical analysis of data obtained from the research was used descriptive statistics One Way ANOVA and test t, besides Tukey test was used to determine the differences between the groups. As a result of statistical analyzes, Level of Assertiveness has been observed at a higher level in those wrestlers, who wrestles in greko-romen style, who are female, and have liberal families, than those wrestlers who wrestles in free-style, who are male, and have protective parents. As a result, it has been determined that high levels of assertiveness sports have been more successful than the others.

  3. Cognitive adaptation training combined with assertive community treatment

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Jens Peter; Ostergaard, Birte; Nordentoft, Merete;

    2012-01-01

    Cognitive adaptation training (CAT) targets the adaptive behaviour of patients with schizophrenia and has shown promising results regarding the social aspects of psychosocial treatment. As yet, no reports have appeared on the use of CAT in combination with assertive community treatment (ACT). Our...... purpose was to evaluate the effect of CAT in comparison with ACT, focusing on social functions (primary outcome), symptoms, relapse, re-hospitalisation, and quality of life of outpatients with schizophrenia....

  4. Smart Dialogue for Smart Citizens: Assertive Approaches for Strategic Planning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isidoro Fasolino

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available It is very important to know how to communicate, but even more important is knowing how to listen. There is no dialogue without listening. Listening and speaking can generate a virtuous cycle that, enriching the field of information, allows the introduction of essential elements of innovation. It is relevant in this context the assertive ability of who manages and coordinates the decision-making processes. The potential of new approaches based on assertiveness are the new frontier of research discipline that is able to meet future challenges aiming to contribute to the construction of places and forms of living together in the growing interest of fairness and justice. Assertive facilitator knows how to guide difficult people and handle very hard situations without adopting manipulative behaviors. He is able to detect the potential conflict and to bring to light the reasons for disagreement , softening the tone and avoiding any possible uncontrolled escalation. He encourages debates and open discussions; he has to build links too, fueling reports profits, collaborating with others toward common goals; speaking and discussing in groups and among groups; seeking solutions in which, both parties, come out winning. So the view expressed is argument of discussion in the development of the tools of urban structure, with the aim of implementing a participatory methodology in the development of planning tools. We propose an application in the series of meetings of initial preparatory participation to the formation of a Preliminary Plan for a medium size town.

  5. Approaches to Increasing Assertive Behavior and Communication Skills in Blind and Visually Impaired Persons.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harrell, Rona L.; Strauss, Felice A.

    1986-01-01

    Components of assertive behavior are described with suggestions for enabling the visually impaired person to develop these skills. The underlying concepts of assertion training are explained along with specific techniques for use in schools or rehabilitative settings. (Author/CL)

  6. "I'll Repeat Myself, "Again?!"" Empowering Students through Assertive Communication Strategies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kolb, Sharon M.; Griffith, Amy C. Stevens

    2009-01-01

    One goal parents and educators should have is to help children become assertive and emotionally intelligent individuals. In furthering this goal, it helps to have an understanding of the three basic communication styles: (1) passive; (2) aggressive; and (3) assertive. Because communication is most effective when a message is delivered assertively,…

  7. The Effects of Assertiveness Training on Enhancing the Social Skills of Adolescents with Visual Impairments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Young-il

    2003-01-01

    A study of the effects of assertiveness training to enhance the social/assertiveness skills of 36 adolescents with visual impairments found that parents, the students, teachers, and observers judged the adolescents' social skills differently. However, the training did have some specific effect on increasing assertiveness. (Contains references.)…

  8. Using Simulations in the Middle School: Does Assertiveness of Dyad Partners Influence Conceptual Change?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Windschitl, Mark

    2001-01-01

    Examines how academic assertiveness in junior high school students was related to conceptual change and the degree to which their assertiveness affected conceptual change in the partners paired with them for a series of activities using a simulation of the human cardiovascular system. Indicates that the assertiveness ratings of the individuals'…

  9. Inter-Group and Intra-Group Assertiveness: Adolescents' Social Skills Following Cultural Transition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Korem, Anat; Horenczyk, Gabriel; Tatar, Moshe

    2012-01-01

    The goals of this study were to examine intra-group and inter-group assertiveness among adolescents, and to compare these two domains of assertiveness between cultural groups in Israel. Measures of intra-group and inter-group assertiveness were developed, and questionnaires were administrated to 441 immigrants from the Former Soviet Union (FSU),…

  10. Effect of assertiveness training on homesickness in girls students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fariba Tabe bordbar

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available (Received 24 August, 2009 ; Accepted 13 January, 2010AbstractBackground and purpose: Homesickness is a complex cognitive, exciting and stimulating condition that comes into existence because of the individual’s transition into a new environment and it seems to present the reduction of coping strategies. This research aims to study the effectiveness of the method of assertiveness training on homesickness of female university students.Materials and methods: This was an interventional study pre and post test study. Among 249 female freshmen, 96 students were found to be suffering from homesickness among which 60 students were randomly selected and put in the intervention and control group. The information was gathered by Archer et al., homesickness questionnaire which involves 30 expressions, from 1 to 5 likert scale, and also by the researcher’s own questionnaire which involves demographic information. The pre test data were gathered within the first 2 weeks of their arrival to the dormitory. The experimental group took part in 12 90-minute training sessions followed by evaluation 3 weeks after the initial testing. The data were analyzed according to Mann-Whihtney test.Results: The pre- test data from the two groups showed no significant difference, however, with the presentation assertiveness training, the experimental group grades were significantly higher than control the group. Also, two factors of homesickness i.e., not-likening the university and strong attachment to their home did not show a difference in pre test, however, differences in post test were shown to be significant.Conclusion: The results of the study show that assertiveness training can be effective in alleviating problems that come up after the transition of the individual into the university and their new environment. J Mazand Univ Med Sci 2009; 19(73: 28-33 (Persian.

  11. Comparison of ASSERT subchannel code with Marviken bundle data

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this paper ASSERT predictions are compared with the Marviken 6-rod bundle and 36+1 rod bundle. The predictions are presented for two experiments in the 6-rod bundle and four experiments in the 36+1 rod bundle. For low inlet subcooling, the void predictions are in good agreement with the experimental data. For high inlet subcooling, however, the agreement is not as good. This is attributed to the fact that in the high inlet subcooling experiments, single phase turbulent mixing plays a more important role in determining flow conditions in the bundle

  12. Assertive community treatment (ACT) case managers' professional identities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lerbaek, Birgitte; Aagaard, Jørgen; Andersen, Mette Braendstrup; Buus, Niels

    2016-01-01

    Assertive community treatment (ACT) case managers provide healthcare services to people with severe and persistent mental illness. These case managers take on generic roles in multidisciplinary teams and provide all-around services in the clients' private homes. This focus group study aimed to gain...... sustain interpersonal relationships with clients were an important part of their service. Basic nursing tasks were described as an important part of their everyday work, and even though such tasks were not distinctive for ACT case managers, the representations of their work seemed to give them a sense of...... worth as professionals and legitimized a unique role in the community mental healthcare services....

  13. Achieving Security Assurance with Assertion-based Application Construction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos E. Rubio-Medrano

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Modern software applications are commonly built by leveraging pre-fabricated modules, e.g. application programming interfaces (APIs, which are essential to implement the desired functionalities of software applications, helping reduce the overall development costs and time. When APIs deal with security-related functionality, it is critical to ensure they comply with their design requirements since otherwise unexpected flaws and vulnerabilities may consequently occur. Often, such APIs may lack sufficient specification details, or may implement a semantically-different version of a desired security model to enforce, thus possibly complicating the runtime enforcement of security properties and making it harder to minimize the existence of serious vulnerabilities. This paper proposes a novel approach to address such a critical challenge by leveraging the notion of software assertions. We focus on security requirements in role-based access control models and show how proper verification at the source-code level can be performed with our proposed approach as well as with automated state-of-the-art assertion-based techniques.

  14. County Government Fleet Purchasing Practices: Financial Efficiency vs. Need Assertion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Steve Modlin

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available An abundant amount of local government services are implemented through the use of automobiles each year. These costs include initial purchase, use, repair, and replacement. Traditional budgeting research is broad and does not isolate fleet costs or the influential actors in the process. This study examines the finance practices and need assertion associated with vehicle purchases and acquisition. Findings indicate most county governments in North and South Carolina choose to purchase vehicles on a cash basis, especially if there is a low resale value for surplus automobiles. In addition, county staff are very influential in additional vehicle purchases, especially if the sheriff can convince the county manager that additional automobiles of a particular make can enhance service delivery.

  15. Between compassionateness and assertiveness: A trust matrix for leaders

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Victor Manuel Monteiro Seco

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: Construct the structure of trust-building perceived by principals in Portuguese public schools.Design/methodology/approach: A grounded theory approach applied to a survey of open questions answered by school’s principals.Findings: (1 self-trust is the single trait common to all respondents; (2 compassion is a striking antecedent in the process of other-trust; compassionateness and assertiveness must combine with one another to achieve leadership based on smart trust, what is outlined in a matrix model built from the data.Research limitations/implications: The major limitation of this study was the impossibility to conduct face-to-face interviews given the limitation of free time alleged by the principals. In order to solve that limitation we decide to use the grounded theory approach.Practical implications: The consideration of a symbiosis category of the behaviors of principals can trigger positive expectations among the players who until now did not understand how it is possible to bring together the best of the worlds of management and leadership in a balanced way, with efficiency in authenticity.Social implications: The aforementioned dyadic model reflects a psychological state based on the belief that others do not take advantage of us, showing that trust is an essential element in positive human relations and becomes a strategic issue.Originality/value: The present study found that “pure” positive behaviors, as being compassionate, might need to be tempered or complemented with other behaviors such as assertiveness, to become really effective.

  16. The Effect of Assertiveness Training on the Mobbing That Nurses Experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karakaş, Sibel Asi; Okanli, Ayşe

    2015-10-01

    This research was designed to determine the impact of assertiveness training on the mobbing experience of nurses. This study was conducted in two phases. In the first phase, 218 nurses completed the mobbing scale; the education group consisted of 38 nurses who received a score at or above 204 points. A total of 180 nurses were excluded from the education group because they received less than 204 points. The study was conducted with 30 nurses because 8 nurses did not agree to participate in the study. The 30 nurses received the assertiveness training program. Six months after training, the nurses completed the mobbing scale and Rathus Assertiveness Inventory (RAI) again. The assertiveness training positively affected the assertiveness and mobbing scores (p = .000). After the training, the assertiveness scores increased and the mobbing condition score decreased (p mobbing. In line with these results, training programs, which support nurses' personal development by providing counseling and support to nurse victims of mobbing, are recommended. PMID:26242741

  17. The Utility of Hedged Assertions in the Emergence of Shared Categorical Labels

    OpenAIRE

    Lewis, Martha; Lawry, Jonathan

    2016-01-01

    We investigate the emergence of shared concepts in a community of language users using a multi-agent simulation. We extend results showing that negated assertions are of use in developing shared categories, to include assertions modified by linguistic hedges. Results show that using hedged assertions positively affects the emergence of shared categories in two distinct ways. Firstly, using contraction hedges like `very' gives better convergence over time. Secondly, using expansion hedges such...

  18. Trastornos de la conducta alimentaria y asertividad Lack of assertiveness in patients with eating disorders

    OpenAIRE

    Rosa Behar A; Rodrigo Manzo G; Dunny Casanova Z

    2006-01-01

    Background: Low self-assertion has been noted as an important feature among patients with eating disorders. Aim: To verify, in a female population, if assertiveness is related or has a predictive capacity for the development of eating disorders. Subjects and methods: An structured clinical interview, the Eating Attitudes Test (EAT-40) and the Rathus Assertiveness Scale (RAS) were administered to 62 patients that fulfilled the DSM-IV diagnostic criteria for eating disorders and to 120 female s...

  19. HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS' PROBLEM SOLVING AND ASSERTIVENESS SKILLS AND THEIR RELATIONSHIPS WITH SOME VARIABLES

    OpenAIRE

    ÖZBULAK, Berrin (EMRAN); Ayşe AYPAY; Ahmet AYPAY

    2011-01-01

    This study investigated the relationship between assertiveness and problem solving skills of 200 9th grade high school students from İzmir high schools. In addition to descriptive statistics, t-tests, Anovas, and a multiple regression were used to analyze the data. Findings indicated that assertiveness and general problem solving skills did not differ based on gender, school type. Assertiveness differed based on mother's and father's educational level. General problem solving skill differed ...

  20. The assertive profile of the Bulgarian students in computer science and computer engineering

    OpenAIRE

    Peneva, Ivelina; Yordzhev, Krasimir

    2014-01-01

    Different points of view on the nature and content of the assertiveness are followed in this paper. The main purpose is to study the assertive profile of Bulgarian students in computer science and computer engineering by analyzing the components of assertiveness. Research was performed using testing methods. It was found that the level of expressivity of this personal quality among subjects were above-average level.

  1. Testing the independent species’ arrangement assertion made by theories of stochastic geometry of biodiversity

    OpenAIRE

    Wiegand, Thorsten; Huth, Andreas; Getzin, Stephan; Wang, Xugao; Hao, Zhanqing; Gunatilleke, C. V. Savitri; Gunatilleke, I. A. U. Nimal

    2012-01-01

    The assertion that the spatial location of different species is independent of each other is fundamental in major ecological theories such as neutral theory that describes a stochastic geometry of biodiversity. However, this assertion has rarely been tested. Here we use techniques of spatial point pattern analysis to conduct a comprehensive test of the independence assertion by analysing data from three large forest plots with different species richness: a species-rich tropical forest at Barr...

  2. Using Fuzzy Logic in Test Case Prioritization for Regression Testing Programs with Assertions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali M. Alakeel

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Program assertions have been recognized as a supporting tool during software development, testing, and maintenance. Therefore, software developers place assertions within their code in positions that are considered to be error prone or that have the potential to lead to a software crash or failure. Similar to any other software, programs with assertions must be maintained. Depending on the type of modification applied to the modified program, assertions also might have to undergo some modifications. New assertions may also be introduced in the new version of the program, while some assertions can be kept the same. This paper presents a novel approach for test case prioritization during regression testing of programs that have assertions using fuzzy logic. The main objective of this approach is to prioritize the test cases according to their estimated potential in violating a given program assertion. To develop the proposed approach, we utilize fuzzy logic techniques to estimate the effectiveness of a given test case in violating an assertion based on the history of the test cases in previous testing operations. We have conducted a case study in which the proposed approach is applied to various programs, and the results are promising compared to untreated and randomly ordered test cases.

  3. Assessment of MLA assertiveness training for librarians: students' behavior changes after taking C.E. 669, Assertiveness and Human Relations Skills.

    OpenAIRE

    Caputo, J S

    1985-01-01

    C.E. 669, offered for three years, was MLA's first personal development continuing education course. Participants were asked to respond to a follow-up survey about their current assertive philosophy, awareness, and behavioral repertoire. They were also assessed by the Librarian's Assertiveness Inventory, a tool that indicates patterns of behavioral responses, for which some normative data were available from librarians who had not taken the class. Class participants were found to be more like...

  4. Virtual world for helping teens practice assertiveness skills

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nemire, Kenneth; Beil, Joshua; Swan, Ronald W.

    1999-05-01

    Smoking is on the rise among adolescents. This pilot project combined the well-documented benefits of Life Skills Training (LST) with the unique multisensory, 3D qualities of virtual environment (VE) technology to address some of the disadvantages of traditional prevention programs by engaging teens better, presenting information more persuasively, and making prevention programs continuously available in computer labs. In an eight-week pilot study, 45 seventh- grade students were randomly assigned to LST, VE, or non- intervention control groups. The VE system included goggles, synthesized speech, head and hand trackers, hand-held controller, and speech recognition. Questionnaires measured participants' smoking knowledge and behavior,a participants' reports on the usability of the VE system, and reports of simulator sickness symptoms. Structured interviews with randomly selected participants from each group revealed more detailed information. Data indicated the VE group retained more information and had more positive experiences learning about dangers of smoking and assertiveness skills than did the LST group. Usability data showed ease of use and learning of the VE system, with no significant symptoms of simulator sickness. These data indicated that this VE application is a promising tool for keeping teens healthy.

  5. Bill (declared urgency) asserting the national commitment for the environment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The bill asserting the French national commitment for the environment (also named 'Grenelle 2') is considered as the juridical tool-box of the French environmental policy. It confirms, strengthens, and concretizes the objectives defined by the Grenelle 1 law. The main dispositions of the bill concern the following domains: settlement and urbanism with the improvement of the energy efficiency, energy conservation and life-cycle of buildings; transports with the development of sustainable transportation systems; energy with the creation of regional climate, air and energy schemes with the aim of developing renewable energies (with some restrictions concerning wind power) and reducing CO2 emissions; biodiversity with the creation of ecological pathways between protected areas for the migration of flora and fauna species; environment and waste management with the reinforcement of measures for the abatement of environmental pollutant effects. Among the numerous dispositions involving more than 20 codes (urbanism, environment, buildings etc..) one concerns the progressive implementation of a 'carbon price' index taking into account the greenhouse gas emission costs during the whole life cycle of a product, another one concerns the monitoring of indoor air quality in public buildings. This document is made of three parts. Part 1 is the exposition of the intentions of each article of the bill, part 2 is the bill itself and part 3 is the impact study of the bill in terms of economical, social and environmental impact. (J.S.)

  6. Communication Skills for Career Success. A Programmed Textbook. Book II: Assertive Communication.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lombana, Judy H.; Pratt, Phillip A.

    This programmed text for self-study provides information on assertive communication in business. Part of a series of such texts, the book presents examples of familiar work situations involving interpersonal problems. The text then discusses each of the answers and explains why one or the other is appropriate for communicating assertively. Some of…

  7. Adolescents' Self-Assertion in the Process of Upbringing and Instruction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Islamova, Z. B.

    2010-01-01

    Self-assertion involves an individual's search for and realization of his own special path in the world, his values and purpose in life in every given moment. It is a process that accompanies a person throughout his life. Self-assertion becomes exceptionally important in adolescence as it marks a turning point in one's attitude toward oneself; one…

  8. Counteracting the Effects of Sex-role Stereotyping Using Assertive Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poland, Elizabeth Young

    1977-01-01

    The article discussed the relationship between sex-role behaviors and assertiveness. It was concluded that assertive training is potentially valuable to students and educators alike in helping to modify some of the extreme behaviors associated with sex-role stereotypes and as such is beneficial in bringing about more adaptive forms of behavior in…

  9. Effects of Gender, Age, and Education on Assertiveness in a Nigerian Sample

    Science.gov (United States)

    Onyeizugbo, Eucharia U.

    2003-01-01

    Two hundred fourteen (214) married persons, 101 men and 113 women aged 20-60, with at least high school education, participated in the study which investigated the effects of gender, age, and educational attainment on assertiveness among married persons in Nigeria. The Assertive Behavior Assessment scale (ABAS; Onyeizugbo, 1998) was used to…

  10. Sexual Assertiveness Mediates the Effect of Social Interaction Anxiety on Sexual Victimization Risk among College Women

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schry, Amie R.; White, Susan W.

    2013-01-01

    Sexual victimization is prevalent among college women and is associated with adverse psychological consequences. Social anxiety, particularly related to interpersonal interaction, may increase risk of sexual victimization among college women by decreasing sexual assertiveness and decreasing the likelihood of using assertive resistance techniques.…

  11. Correlates of Adolescent Assertiveness with HIV Avoidance in a Four-Nation Sample

    Science.gov (United States)

    Onuoha, Francis N.; Munakata, Tsunetsugu

    2005-01-01

    Adolescents are frequently admonished to be socially assertive in order to confront negative interpersonal peer influences. Since the advent of HIV/AIDS in human social chemistry, the admonition has become more critical than ever. But the warning is often proffered in the misguided presumption that social assertiveness is the all-required…

  12. Assertive Skills and Academic Performance in Primary and Secondary Education, Giftedness, and Conflictive Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marugan de Miguelsanz, Montserrat; Carbonero Martin, Miguel Angel; Palazuelo Martinez, Ma Marcela

    2012-01-01

    Introduction: This study explores the level of assertiveness in various samples of students from Primary and Secondary Education. With the data obtained, on the one hand, we analyzed the relation between assertiveness and academic performance and, on the other, we verified whether students who are excluded from the norm, either because of their…

  13. An Investigation of High School Seniors' Assertiveness Levels Based on Their Demographic Characteristics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Çam, Ibrahim

    2015-01-01

    High school students who are in the development age or in the last class and have chance to win the university exams or disposal stage of the business life must also have a high level of assertiveness. In this context, the purpose of this research is to compare the assertiveness levels of high school seniors. The study group consists of 312 high…

  14. Relation between Assertiveness, Academic Self-Efficacy, and Psychosocial Adjustment among International Graduate Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poyrazli, Senel; Arbona, Consuelo; Nora, Amaury; McPherson, Robert; Pisecco, Stewart

    2002-01-01

    Rathus Assertiveness Schedule, Academic Self-Efficacy Scale, The Inventory for Student Adjustment Strain, and UCLA Loneliness Scale were used to examine a total of 122 graduate international students. Findings indicate that English proficiency, assertiveness, and academic self-efficacy contributed uniquely to the variance in students' general…

  15. Relationships of Assertiveness, Depression, and Social Support Among Older Nursing Home Residents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Segal, Daniel

    2005-01-01

    This study assessed the relationships of assertiveness, depression, and social support among nursing home residents. The sample included 50 older nursing home residents (mean age=75 years; 75% female; 92% Caucasian). There was a significant correlation between assertiveness and depression (r=-.33), but the correlations between social support and…

  16. Longitudinal Study of Assertion Training as a Drug Abuse Prevention Strategy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Horan, John J.; Williams, John M.

    1982-01-01

    Nonassertive junior high school students were assigned randomly to assertion training involving drug-use peer pressure. At posttest and at a three-year follow-up point, students continued to display high levels of assertiveness and less willingness to use alcohol and marijuana. (Author/PN)

  17. Prediction of Addiction Potential on the Basis of Aggression and Assertiveness in University Students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehrdad Hajihasani

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: The aim of present research was the prediction of addiction potential on the basis of aggression and assertiveness in Allameh Tabbatabaei girl students. Method: The research method was correlational design and population of research was girl students of Allameh Tabatabaei university. By available sampling 150 girls were selected and Ahvaz Aggression Questionnaire, Gambril & Rigy Assertiveness questionnaire and Zargari Addiction Potential Questionnaire administered among selected sample. Findings: the results of the Pearson correlation showed that the relationship between aggression, assertiveness, and addiction potential was significant. Also, the results of multivariate regression analysis showed that aggression, assertiveness and depression can predict the Addiction Potential. Conclusion: Addiction potential can be predicted by aggression and assertiveness.

  18. Computation of two phase flow distribution and CHF in horizontal bundles using the assert subchannel code

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The ASSERT subchannel code has been developed specifically to model flow and phase distributions within CANDU fuel bundles. ASSERT uses a drift-flux model which permits the phases to have unequal velocities, and can thus model phase separation tendencies which may occur in horizontal flow. The basic principles of ASSERT are outlined, and computed results are compared against data from various experiments for validation purposes. The paper concludes with an example of the use of the code to predict critical heat flux in CANDU geometries

  19. ASSERT-PV simulations of two-phase flow in horizontal and vertical subchannels

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This is a part of the effort to assess the ASSERT-PV code which is supposedly capable of quantifying the effect of small flow boundary changes in the fuel channel of CANDU reactors. Two independently performed subchannel experiments are simulated by the ASSERT-PV code. The result includes the pressure and the void fraction distributions in each subchannel. It is found that the ASSERT-PV predicts both experimental data quite well by selecting the void diffusion constant properly for the adiabatic two-phase flows. (author)

  20. Examining China’s Assertiveness through the Eyes of Chinese IR Scholars

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Feng, Huiyun; He, Kai

    reactions. Relying on an original survey of China’s IR scholars conducted in Beijing in 2013 and using structural equation modeling (SEM), we empirically examine Chinese IR scholars’ attitude towards Chinese power versus the United States, their perceptions of U.S. policy in Asia, and their preference for...... an assertive Chinese foreign policy. We find that both the power perception and policy reaction arguments make sense in accounting for Chinese IR scholars’ attitude regarding China’s assertive diplomacy. However, our research suggests that a more pessimistic view on Chinese power is more likely to be...... associated with a preference for an assertive foreign policy....

  1. [Causal relationship between assertiveness and adjustment in children: A short-term longitudinal study].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eguchi, Megumi; Hamaguchi, Yoshikazu

    2015-08-01

    This study examined the causal relationships between assertiveness and both internal and external adjustment in children. Elementary school children in grades four through six (N = 284) participated in the study, which used a short-term longitudinal design. The children completed questionnaires twice during a 6-months period. They responded to assertiveness questionnaires that included two components: "self-expression" and "consideration of others". They also completed a self-esteem scale as an index of internal adjustment, and the Class Life Satisfaction scale as an index of external adjustment. There was a positive causative relationship between "self-expression" and internal adjustment and between "consideration for others" and external adjustment. In addition, the effects on adjustment varied according to the type of assertiveness. Cluster analysis and MANOVA indicated that the group with high "self-expression" and "consideration for others" had high internal and external adjustment, while the children with poor assertiveness showed the lowest degree of adaptivity. PMID:26402950

  2. Comparison of ASSERT-4 CHF predictions with measurements in 28-element simulated fuel string

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The subchannel analysis code ASSERT-4 was used to model CHF experiments with a 28-element simulated fuel string carried out by Ontario Hydro at Columbia University. ASSERT was run with eleven CHF test conditions to determine dryout power using each of the five CHF models available in the code. The location of first dryout and the spreading of dryout with increasing power were also investigated. The five CHF models used in ASSERT are the Whalley mechanistic model; W-3, Bowring and Biasi correlations; and table lookup. Of these, implementation in ASSERT-4 of the Biasi correlation gives the most accurate dryout power predictions. Predictions using the table lookup method and the Whalley model are almost equally good, while those using the W-3 correlation and, especially, the Bowring correlation are inferior. In predicting dryout spreading patterns, use of the Whalley model comes the closest to adequately identifying the actual dryout location

  3. ASSERTIVENESS AMONG MUSLIM ADOLESCENT GIRLS AND ITS ASSOCIATION WITH PARENTING STYLE

    OpenAIRE

    A.SAJITHA QADIR; V. Raji Sugumar

    2015-01-01

    he present study was conducted with an aim to study the assertiveness among Muslim adolescent girls in relation to selected demographic variables. The study also aimed to find the association between assertiveness and the parenting style adopted by the mothers of the selected girls. For the present study, 1500 Muslim girls studying in Muslim minority Arts and Science Colleges and Muslim Minority Engineering Colleges in Chennai Metropolitan Area, Tamil Nadu were selected. The Rathus Assertiven...

  4. Risk Taking Behaviour And Assertiveness Behaviour Of D.T.ED., Teacher Trainees – A Study

    OpenAIRE

    A.C. LAL KUMAR; R.Muthumanickam

    2012-01-01

    The aim of the study is to investigate the risk taking behaviour and assertiveness behaviour of D.T.Ed., Teacher Trainees. The sample of the study consisted of 400 D.T.Ed., Teacher Trainees (129 male and 271 female). The tools used in the study were the Risk Taking Behaviour Scale by Answer Yousuf and Assertiveness Inventory by Tasneem Naqvi (1988).After framing necessary objectives and hypotheses, appropriate analysis was carried out on the collected data .From this analysis ...

  5. Assertiveness training: Effects of treatment, maintenance of change and therapists' contribution in therapy outcome

    OpenAIRE

    Tovilović Snežana

    2005-01-01

    In this research is shown part of results concerning evaluation study of group assertiveness training. Treatment, which has been organized as structured program of assertiveness training, has been applied on 18 groups of subjects during 9 group sessions. This treatment has been adjusted to non-psychiatric clients from our country. Groups were lead by two therapists. During 20 months of our research 215 voluntary participants of full age have joined training groups. Final sample consisted of 1...

  6. The Impact of Exploring Feelings Training on The Assertiveness of University Students

    OpenAIRE

    Yücel ÖKSÜZ

    2004-01-01

    This study examines the effects of exploring feelings training on the assertiveness of university students. The research was carried out with students of class teacher department of the Educational Faculty of Ondokuz Mayıs University for the 2003-2004 academic year. The research was designed pre-test, post-test control group design and both, the experimantel group and the control group included 22 students each.The students’ loneliness level was measured by using the RAE, Rathus Assertiveness...

  7. Prediction of Addiction Potential on the Basis of Aggression and Assertiveness in University Students

    OpenAIRE

    Mehrdad Hajihasani; Abdoolah Shafiabadi; Fahmideh Pirsaghi; Mehrab Bashirpour

    2012-01-01

    Introduction: The aim of present research was the prediction of addiction potential on the basis of aggression and assertiveness in Allameh Tabbatabaei girl students. Method: The research method was correlational design and population of research was girl students of Allameh Tabatabaei university. By available sampling 150 girls were selected and Ahvaz Aggression Questionnaire, Gambril & Rigy Assertiveness questionnaire and Zargari Addiction Potential Questionnaire administered among selected...

  8. Wu’s Characteristic Set Method for SystemVerilog Assertions Verification

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xinyan Gao

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available We propose a verification solution based on characteristic set of Wu’s method towards SystemVerilog assertion checking over digital circuit systems. We define a suitable subset of SVAs so that an efficient polynomial modeling mechanism for both circuit descriptions and assertions can be applied. We present an algorithm framework based on the algebraic representations using characteristic set of polynomial system. This symbolic algebraic approach is a useful supplement to the existent verification methods based on simulation.

  9. PSYCHOLOGICAL SEX AND ASSERTIVE BEHAVIOUR AMONG STUDENTS OF UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION IN WROCLAW

    OpenAIRE

    Romanowska-tolloczko, Anna; Bartusiak, Irena; Nowak, Agata

    2009-01-01

    Psychological sex and assertiveness belong to human characteristics and abilities prone to social influence. These properties to a large extent determine the individuals' behaviour and their perception of themselves as well as of the surrounding world. The aim of the research was to establish the type of psychological sex and the level of assertive behaviour abilities among students of University School of Physical Education in Wrocław. The correlation between the two properties was also meas...

  10. Chinese assertiveness in the South China Sea and Southeast Asian responses

    OpenAIRE

    Thayer, Carlyle A.

    2011-01-01

    This article reviews Chinese assertive behaviour towards the Philippines and Vietnam over South China Sea issues in 2011. The article compares and contrasts Chinese diplomatic behaviour in the period before and after the adoption by ASEAN member states and China of Guidelines for the Implementation the Declaration on Conduct of Parties in the South China Sea in July. In the first period China aggressively asserted its claims to sovereignty by interfering with commercial fishing and oil explor...

  11. The Use of Financial Reporting Assertions at the Various Stages of Audit

    OpenAIRE

    Alla Aleksandrovna Vasilenko

    2015-01-01

    In the context of unsustainable economic development, the requirements that apply to reliability of financial reporting are growing steadily. From the auditor’s perspective it means actualization of the audit methodology problems which can be solved both at the level of financial reporting and the level of its assertions. The article examines the correlation between the audit stages and the usage of financial reporting assertions by auditor in the context of progressive audit. The author prov...

  12. Effect of Meta-Cognitive Therapy on Self Assertiveness Skill in Patients with

    OpenAIRE

    Mohammad Hossein Bahadori; Marziyeh Jahanbakhsh; Fatemeh Mohammad Hosseinpour; Salar Faramarzi

    2014-01-01

    Background: Self assertiveness can be considered as hearth of interpersonal behavior and weakness in this area is one of the obvious characteristic in the patients with social phobia disorder. This study aimed to determine the effect of meta-cognitive therapy on the rate of self assertiveness skill in patients with social phobia disorder. Materials and Methods: This experimental study was conducted with pretest-posttest and follow-up design, using control group. From all social...

  13. Validation of the ASSERT subchannel code for MAPLE-X10 reactor conditions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The ASSERT subchannel analysis code has been developed specifically to model flow and phase distributions within CANDU fuel channels. Recently, ASSERT has been adapted for use in simulating the MAPLE-X10 reactor. ASSERT uses an advanced drift-flux model, which permits the phases to have unequal velocities and unequal temperatures (UVUT), and thus can model non-equilibrium effects such as phase separation tendencies and subcooled boiling. Modelling subcooled boiling accurately is particularly important for MAPLE-X10. This paper briefly summarizes the non-equilibrium model used in the ASSERT code, the equations used to represent these models, and the algorithms used to solve the equations numerically. Very few modifications to the ASSERT models were needed to address MAPLE conditions. These centered on the manner in which finned fuel rods are treated, and they are discussed in the paper. The paper also gives results from validation exercises, in which the ASSERT code predictions of subcooled boiling void-fraction and critical heat flux were compared to experiments using MAPLE-X10 finned fuel elements in annuli and various bundles. 18 refs., 13 figs., 3 tabs

  14. Assertiveness training: Effects of treatment, maintenance of change and therapists' contribution in therapy outcome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tovilović Snežana

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available In this research is shown part of results concerning evaluation study of group assertiveness training. Treatment, which has been organized as structured program of assertiveness training, has been applied on 18 groups of subjects during 9 group sessions. This treatment has been adjusted to non-psychiatric clients from our country. Groups were lead by two therapists. During 20 months of our research 215 voluntary participants of full age have joined training groups. Final sample consisted of 158 subjects who had finished treatment and who had fulfilled criteria for taking repeated measurement. Subjects had taken battery of questionnaires before the treatment and eight weeks after they had completed treatment. Subsample, which included 35 subjects from one therapist’s groups, took retest after twice longer time period. Results of conducted research have confirmed the hypothesis concerning the potentiality of assertiveness training to produce expected and significant improvements of treated subjects. Therapy effect is found on symptomatic level through reduction of symptoms of non-assertive behaviors, which were target of the treatment. Contrary to expectation interactive effect of treatment and therapist to reduction of symptoms of non-assertive behavior has been found, which implies need for further investigation of variables that are related to therapists. Through the medium of treatment therapeutic changes in structural level, in domain of general assertiveness, social anxiety and treated subjects' self-concept are produced. The effect of therapy we might consider stabled and maintained after 16 weeks of finishing the treatment.

  15. A STUDY ON THE ASSERTIVENESS LEVEL OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION AND SPORTS COLLEGE STUDENTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erdogan B.S.

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to examine some of the variables in the level of students’ boldness who study at Physical education and sports colleges and to compare the findings with the other studies in the literature. The Research Group contains 92 male and 64 female (/age = 21,612 + 1,921, in total 156 students from Selcuk University physical education and sports college. In order to reach the purpose of the study “Rathus Assertiveness Schedule” has been used as the methodology which is developed by Rathus [12,13], and adopted to Turkish by Voltan [18]. For the interpretation of the data, the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test, one way anova test have been applied and to determine the difference between the groups Turkey test has been applied too. The significance was P <0.05. According to the level of sports; the difference between the average levels of scores of the assertiveness is meaningful [t value = 4,327 P = 0,000 < 0.05]. Looking at average values; average levels of the assertiveness of students doing some sports is ( =86,5614, average levels of the assertiveness of students doing some sports is ( =80,7857. As a result of this study; According to the level of sports observations, the difference between the average levels of scores of the assertiveness is meaningful [t value = 4,327 P = 0,000 < 0.05]. Looking at average values we see that students, who engaged in sports, has been obtained more level of average score of assertiveness than students engaged in no sports. From the point of assertiveness, participation in sport from the perspective of individuals there is a difference in favor of those engaged in sports.

  16. Assessment of subchannel code ASSERT-PV for flow-distribution predictions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: • Assessment of the subchannel code ASSERT-PV 3.2 for the prediction of flow distribution. • Open literature and in-house experimental data to quantify ASSERT-PV predictions. • Model changes assessed against vertical and horizontal flow experiments. • Improvement of flow-distribution predictions under CANDU-relevant conditions. - Abstract: This paper reports an assessment of the recently released subchannel code ASSERT-PV 3.2 for the prediction of flow-distribution in fuel bundles, including subchannel void fraction, quality and mass fluxes. Experimental data from open literature and from in-house tests are used to assess the flow-distribution models in ASSERT-PV 3.2. The prediction statistics using the recommended model set of ASSERT-PV 3.2 are compared to those from previous code versions. Separate-effects sensitivity studies are performed to quantify the contribution of each flow-distribution model change or enhancement to the improvement in flow-distribution prediction. The assessment demonstrates significant improvement in the prediction of flow-distribution in horizontal fuel channels containing CANDU bundles

  17. Input modelling of ASSERT-PV V2R8M1 for RUFIC fuel bundle

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report describes the input modelling for subchannel analysis of CANFLEX-RU (RUFIC) fuel bundle which has been developed for an advanced fuel bundle of CANDU-6 reactor, using ASSERT-PV V2R8M1 code. Execution file of ASSERT-PV V2R8M1 code was recently transferred from AECL under JRDC agreement between KAERI and AECL. SSERT-PV V2R8M1 which is quite different from COBRA-IV-i code has been developed for thermalhydraulic analysis of CANDU-6 fuel channel by subchannel analysis method and updated so that 43-element CANDU fuel geometry can be applied. Hence, ASSERT code can be applied to the subchannel analysis of RUFIC fuel bundle. The present report was prepared for ASSERT input modelling of RUFIC fuel bundle. Since the ASSERT results highly depend on user's input modelling, the calculation results may be quite different among the user's input models. The objective of the present report is the preparation of detail description of the background information for input data and gives credibility of the calculation results

  18. LEVEL OF SELF-RESPECT AND ASSERTIVENESS SKILLS AND TEACHERS’ EDUCATIONAL COMPETENCES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Romanowska-Tolloczko Anna

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: determining of self-respect level and assertiveness of teachers. Verification of whether there is a relationship between the measured trait and the correlation of educational competence. Material and methods: the study used three tools: Polish adaptation of SES M.Rosenberg's Self Esteem Scale, a questionnaire to determine the levels of assertiveness - P.Majewicz's Scale "I and others" and a questionnaire to examine the professional competence of teachers by A.Romanowska-Tołłoczko. The study examined 275 primary school teachers of different subjects. Results: after the statement of the research’s results in the field of self-respect and assertiveness, it turns out that there is some regularity in relation to the level of the studied traits. People with high self-respect also receive higher scores assertive skills compared with those of average and low self-respect. This pattern is seen in all groups of teachers. Conclusions: although the observed differences are not great and statistically significant, they show some evidence of the occurrence trend of interdependence in a range of predispositions. Moreover, a positive correlation between the level of self-respect and assertiveness and parental perception of their competence was noted.

  19. A Man's (Precarious) Place: Men's Experienced Threat and Self-Assertive Reactions to Female Superiors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Netchaeva, Ekaterina; Kouchaki, Maryam; Sheppard, Leah D

    2015-09-01

    Across three studies, we investigate men's reactions to women in superior roles. Drawing from precarious manhood theory, we hypothesize that when a woman occupies a superior organizational role, men in subordinate positions experience threat, which leads them to behave more assertively toward her and advocate for themselves. In Studies 1 and 2, we demonstrate that men feel more threatened (relative to women) by women in superior roles (relative to men in superior roles) and, as a result, engage in more assertive behaviors toward these women. In Study 3, we investigate a boundary condition to this effect and demonstrate that a woman in a superior role who displays qualities associated with administrative agency (e.g., directness, proactivity) rather than ambitious agency (e.g., self-promotion, power-seeking) elicits less assertive behavior from men. We conclude by discussing implications as well as directions for future research. PMID:26162611

  20. Assessment of ASSERT-PV for prediction of post-dryout heat transfer in CANDU bundles

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: • Assessment of the new Canadian subchannel code ASSERT-PV 3.2 for PDO sheath temperature prediction. • CANDU 28-, 37- and 43-element bundle PDO experiments. • Prediction improvement of ASSERT-PV 3.2 over previous code versions. • Sensitivity study of the effect of PDO model options. - Abstract: Atomic Energy of Canada Limited (AECL) has developed the subchannel thermalhydraulics code ASSERT-PV for the Canadian nuclear industry. The recently released ASSERT-PV 3.2 provides enhanced models for improved predictions of subchannel flow distribution, critical heat flux (CHF), and post-dryout (PDO) heat transfer in horizontal CANDU fuel channels. This paper presents results of an assessment of the new code version against PDO tests performed during five full-size CANDU bundle experiments conducted between 1992 and 2009 by Stern Laboratories (SL), using 28-, 37- and 43-element bundles. A total of 10 PDO test series with varying pressure-tube creep and/or bearing-pad height were analyzed. The SL experiments encompassed the bundle geometries and range of flow conditions for the intended ASSERT-PV applications for existing CANDU reactors. Code predictions of maximum PDO fuel-sheath temperature were compared against measurements from the SL PDO tests to quantify the code's prediction accuracy. The prediction statistics using the recommended model set of ASSERT-PV 3.2 were compared to those from previous code versions. Furthermore, separate-effects sensitivity studies quantified the contribution of each PDO model change or enhancement to the improvement in PDO heat transfer prediction. Overall, the assessment demonstrated significant improvement in prediction of PDO sheath temperature in horizontal fuel channels containing CANDU bundles

  1. Assessment of ASSERT-PV for prediction of critical heat flux in CANDU bundles

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: • Assessment of the new Canadian subchannel code ASSERT-PV 3.2 for CHF prediction. • CANDU 28-, 37- and 43-element bundle CHF experiments. • Prediction improvement of ASSERT-PV 3.2 over previous code versions. • Sensitivity study of the effect of CHF model options. - Abstract: Atomic Energy of Canada Limited (AECL) has developed the subchannel thermalhydraulics code ASSERT-PV for the Canadian nuclear industry. The recently released ASSERT-PV 3.2 provides enhanced models for improved predictions of flow distribution, critical heat flux (CHF), and post-dryout (PDO) heat transfer in horizontal CANDU fuel channels. This paper presents results of an assessment of the new code version against five full-scale CANDU bundle experiments conducted in 1990s and in 2009 by Stern Laboratories (SL), using 28-, 37- and 43-element (CANFLEX) bundles. A total of 15 CHF test series with varying pressure-tube creep and/or bearing-pad height were analyzed. The SL experiments encompassed the bundle geometries and range of flow conditions for the intended ASSERT-PV applications for CANDU reactors. Code predictions of channel dryout power and axial and radial CHF locations were compared against measurements from the SL CHF tests to quantify the code prediction accuracy. The prediction statistics using the recommended model set of ASSERT-PV 3.2 were compared to those from previous code versions. Furthermore, the sensitivity studies evaluated the contribution of each CHF model change or enhancement to the improvement in CHF prediction. Overall, the assessment demonstrated significant improvement in prediction of channel dryout power and axial and radial CHF locations in horizontal fuel channels containing CANDU bundles

  2. ASSERT/NUCIRC commissioning for CANDU 6 fuel channel CCP analysis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    CANDU PHWR fuel channel pressure tubes will expand or creep under long-term (aging process) influence of temperature, pressure, and neutron flux. This diametral pressure tube creep will influence the critical channel power (CCP), or conditions that lead to dryout. In order to provide safety analysis models to quantify the effect of diametral pressure tube creep on CCP, a COG (AECL/NBP/HQ) project is underway to commission the ASSERT and NUCIRC codes to establish reliable production tools for the assessment of CANDU6 CCP in nominal (uncrept) and crept pressure tube fuel channels. This paper gives an overview of the background and objectives of the project along with a brief introduction into the subchannel analysis code ASSERT and the 1-D thermalhydraulics code NUCIRC. This project is a multistage endeavour, for which the first stage results are presented. A detailed cross-comparison of the 1-D (NUCIRC) and subchannel (ASSERT) models of pressure drop (ΔP) and critical heat flux (CHF) has been undertaken and has led to several enhancements and refinements to the respective models. These results are presented in addition to results of ASSERT commissioning against NUCIRC for a matrix of ΔP and dryout cases in a nominal pressure tube, which are based upon Gentilly 2 and Point Lepreau site area. Additionally, the initial results of an assessment, using ASSERT, of the effects of creep on ΔP are presented. In concluding, the status and future directions for ASSERT/NUCIRC CANDU 6 CCP analysis project are summarized. (author). 2 refs., 12 figs

  3. Assessment of ASSERT-PV for prediction of post-dryout heat transfer in CANDU bundles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cheng, Z., E-mail: chengz@aecl.ca; Rao, Y.F., E-mail: raoy@aecl.ca; Waddington, G.M., E-mail: waddingg@aecl.ca

    2014-10-15

    Highlights: • Assessment of the new Canadian subchannel code ASSERT-PV 3.2 for PDO sheath temperature prediction. • CANDU 28-, 37- and 43-element bundle PDO experiments. • Prediction improvement of ASSERT-PV 3.2 over previous code versions. • Sensitivity study of the effect of PDO model options. - Abstract: Atomic Energy of Canada Limited (AECL) has developed the subchannel thermalhydraulics code ASSERT-PV for the Canadian nuclear industry. The recently released ASSERT-PV 3.2 provides enhanced models for improved predictions of subchannel flow distribution, critical heat flux (CHF), and post-dryout (PDO) heat transfer in horizontal CANDU fuel channels. This paper presents results of an assessment of the new code version against PDO tests performed during five full-size CANDU bundle experiments conducted between 1992 and 2009 by Stern Laboratories (SL), using 28-, 37- and 43-element bundles. A total of 10 PDO test series with varying pressure-tube creep and/or bearing-pad height were analyzed. The SL experiments encompassed the bundle geometries and range of flow conditions for the intended ASSERT-PV applications for existing CANDU reactors. Code predictions of maximum PDO fuel-sheath temperature were compared against measurements from the SL PDO tests to quantify the code's prediction accuracy. The prediction statistics using the recommended model set of ASSERT-PV 3.2 were compared to those from previous code versions. Furthermore, separate-effects sensitivity studies quantified the contribution of each PDO model change or enhancement to the improvement in PDO heat transfer prediction. Overall, the assessment demonstrated significant improvement in prediction of PDO sheath temperature in horizontal fuel channels containing CANDU bundles.

  4. Effect of Meta-Cognitive Therapy on Self Assertiveness Skill in Patients with

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Hossein Bahadori

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Background: Self assertiveness can be considered as hearth of interpersonal behavior and weakness in this area is one of the obvious characteristic in the patients with social phobia disorder. This study aimed to determine the effect of meta-cognitive therapy on the rate of self assertiveness skill in patients with social phobia disorder. Materials and Methods: This experimental study was conducted with pretest-posttest and follow-up design, using control group. From all social phobia disorder patients visited in psychology clinics in Shiraz, south western part of Iran in 2012, 22 patients were selected through the objective sampling method and randomly divided into two experimental (11 persons and control (11 persons groups. The instruments of this study were social phobia symptoms assessment questioner (SPSAQ and self assertiveness scale (SAS. The experimental group received 8 weeks of Wells’ meta-cognitive therapy sessions. Data were analyzed through covariance analysis method. Results: The results showed that the mean of the self assertiveness scores in post-test and follow up in the experimental group is significantly higher than that of the control group (p<0.05. The results of analysis of multivariate covariance showed that MCT had a significant effect on increscent of the self assertiveness skill scores of posttest (0.39 and follow up (0.38 in patients with social phobia disorder (p<0.001. Conclusion: This intervention is believed to improve self assertiveness skill in SPD patients by facilitating transmission from the object mode to the meta-cognitive mode and enhancing the efficient and flexible coping skills.

  5. Equivalence and standard scores of the Hurlbert Index of Sexual Assertiveness across Spanish men and women

    OpenAIRE

    Pablo Santos-Iglesias; Pablo Vallejo-Medina; Juan C. Sierra

    2014-01-01

    El objetivo de este estudio fue analizar la presencia de invarianza de medida y funcionamiento diferencial del ??tem de la versi??n espa??ola del Hurlbert Index of Sexual Assertiveness en funci??n del sexo. La muestra estuvo compuesta por 1.600 mujeres y 1.598 hombres de Espa??a, con edades comprendidas entre los 18 y 84 a??os. El Hurlbert Index of Sexual Assertiveness solo mostr?? invarianza d??bil entre hombres y mujeres. El an??lisis de funcionamiento diferencial del ??tem mostr?? que ??ni...

  6. Investigate the assertiveness scores of the 5th grade students according to the several variables

    OpenAIRE

    Ateş, Bünyamin

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to investigate the assertiveness scores of the 5th grade students according to the several variables. The study group consists of the total number of 571, of whom 270 of them are girls, and 301 of them are boys studying in 2011-2012 Education Year. In the study, “Personal Data Form” which has been de- veloped by the researcher, and assertiveness measurement test developed by Topuk- çu(1982) have been utilized. In the process of analysis, independent groups t test ...

  7. SystemVerilog assertions and functional coverage guide to language, methodology and applications

    CERN Document Server

    Mehta, Ashok B

    2013-01-01

    This book provides a hands-on, application-oriented guide to the language and methodology of both SystemVerilog Assertions and SytemVerilog Functional Coverage.  Readers will benefit from the step-by-step approach to functional hardware verification, which will enable them to uncover hidden and hard to find bugs, point directly to the source of the bug, provide for a clean and easy way to model complex timing checks and objectively answer the question 'have we functionally verified everything'.  Written by a professional end-user of both SystemVerilog Assertions and SystemVerilog Functional Co

  8. The effect of recreational physical exercise on depression and assertiveness levels of university students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gülcan Tekin

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available  The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of the recreational physical exercise on depression and assertiveness levels of the university students who had never participated in regular physical exercise before. There were 15 male and 15 female totally 30 students in control group and 15 male and 15 female students in exercise group of research. The students in control group carried on their usual life during the research while the students in exercise group participated in a 8 week exercise program including folk dances and step for an hour 3 times a week. The data collecting materials were the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI for depression scores, and the Rathus Assertiveness Inventory (RAI for the scores of assertiveness. Both Inventories were applied to the control group for 2 times as first and last measurement (at first week before exercise and last week after exercise and to the exercise group for 3 times as first, mid and last measurement (at first week before exercise, at eighth week after exercise, and last week after exercise. Mean, frequency, percent, standart deviation, t-test, ANOVA, and Tukey HSD Post Hoc tests scores were given in texts, figures, and tables. The results showed that participation in physical exercise in leisure affects the depression and assertiveness levels of students in both sex positively

  9. The effect of recreational physical exercise on depression and assertiveness levels of university students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gülcan Tekin

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of the recreational physical exercise on depression and assertiveness levels of the university students who had never participated in regular physical exercise before. There were 15 male and 15 female totally 30 students in control group and 15 male and 15 female students in exercise group of research. The students in control group carried on their usual life during the research while the students in exercise group participated in a 8 week exercise program including folk dances and step for an hour 3 times a week. The data collecting materials were the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI for depression scores, and the Rathus Assertiveness Inventory (RAI for the scores of assertiveness. Both Inventories were applied to the control group for 2 times as first and last measurement (at first week before exercise and last week after exercise and to the exercise group for 3 times as first, mid and last measurement (at first week before exercise, at eighth week after exercise, and last week after exercise. Mean, frequency, percent, standart deviation, t-test, ANOVA, and Tukey HSD Post Hoc tests scores were given in texts, figures, and tables. The results showed that participation in physical exercise in leisure affects the depression and assertiveness levels of students in both sex positively.

  10. Computerized Laser Videodisc Programs for Training Speechreading and Assertive Communication Behaviors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tye-Murray, Nancy; And Others

    1988-01-01

    Three laser videodisc programs are described for training the communication skills of children and adults with hearing impairments. The programs are designed to provide analytic and synthetic speechreading practice and to encourage assertive communication behaviors. The report describes the training modules and test battery designed to assess the…

  11. Assertiveness for Librarians Harried by Inappropriate Lecture Hall and Classroom Assignments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parker, J. Carlyle

    1990-01-01

    Describes problems encountered by public librarians when assisting students with assignments that are difficult or impossible to complete. Examples of librarians' successes in assertive, tactful communication with instructors and a list of solutions to inappropriate assignments are provided. Special emphasis is given to assignments dealing with…

  12. Assertive/Leveling Communication and Empathy in Adolescent Drug Abuse Prevention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Englander-Golden, Paula; And Others

    This paper reports feedback from 349 fifth through eighth graders who participated in Say It Straight (SIS), a school-based drug abuse prevention program which combines assertiveness training with role playing and guided imagery. The feedback presented concerns students' feelings about sending and receiving messages using the following…

  13. "Who You Dissin', Dude?" At-Risk Students Learn Assertive Communication Skills.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cangelosi, Barbara R.

    2000-01-01

    Describes a four-week unit developed by the author to teach her at-risk high school students assertive communication as a means of empowerment, a way of taking control of situations. Describes organizing the content and implementing the curriculum, and notes students' positive and enthusiastic feedback. (SR)

  14. On the Comparison of Interpersonal Sensitivity and Assertiveness between Drug-Dependent Persons and Ordinary People

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Babak Vojudi

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Objective: The present study was aimed at comparing interpersonal sensitivity and assertiveness between drug-dependent persons and ordinary people. Method: The research method was causal-comparative. The statistical population of the study consisted of all narcotic addicts of Tabriz City who referred to Addiction Treatment Centers while the research was being conducted. The number of 30 addicted persons was selected through cluster sampling and 30 ordinary persons as control group through convenience sampling method. Gmbryl & Ritchie’s assertiveness questionnaire (1975 and Boyce & Parker’s Interpersonal Sensitivity Measure (IPSM 1989 were used for data collection purposes. Results: The results showed that there was a statistically significant difference between two groups in terms of interpersonal sensitivity and assertiveness. The addicts showed less assertiveness and more interpersonal sensitivity in comparison with their healthy counterparts. Conclusion: The findings show that people who are unable to express themselves and exert sensitivity in interpersonal relationships are more likely at high risk of substance dependence. However, it is possible to prevent these persons from turning to addiction by teaching them these skills.

  15. Assertive Classroom Management Strategies and Students' Performance: The Case of EFL Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aliakbari, Mohammad; Bozorgmanesh, Bafrin

    2015-01-01

    Ample research findings support the effective role that classroom management strategies play in enhancing students' learning. Drawing upon Iranian high school teachers' classroom management strategies, this article is intended to examine the extent to which these teachers follow assertive classroom management strategies and if these strategies…

  16. Women are Warmer but No Less Assertive than Men: Gender and Language on Facebook.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Gregory; Yaden, David Bryce; Schwartz, H Andrew; Kern, Margaret L; Eichstaedt, Johannes C; Kosinski, Michael; Stillwell, David; Ungar, Lyle H; Seligman, Martin E P

    2016-01-01

    Using a large social media dataset and open-vocabulary methods from computational linguistics, we explored differences in language use across gender, affiliation, and assertiveness. In Study 1, we analyzed topics (groups of semantically similar words) across 10 million messages from over 52,000 Facebook users. Most language differed little across gender. However, topics most associated with self-identified female participants included friends, family, and social life, whereas topics most associated with self-identified male participants included swearing, anger, discussion of objects instead of people, and the use of argumentative language. In Study 2, we plotted male- and female-linked language topics along two interpersonal dimensions prevalent in gender research: affiliation and assertiveness. In a sample of over 15,000 Facebook users, we found substantial gender differences in the use of affiliative language and slight differences in assertive language. Language used more by self-identified females was interpersonally warmer, more compassionate, polite, and-contrary to previous findings-slightly more assertive in their language use, whereas language used more by self-identified males was colder, more hostile, and impersonal. Computational linguistic analysis combined with methods to automatically label topics offer means for testing psychological theories unobtrusively at large scale. PMID:27223607

  17. Women are Warmer but No Less Assertive than Men: Gender and Language on Facebook.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gregory Park

    Full Text Available Using a large social media dataset and open-vocabulary methods from computational linguistics, we explored differences in language use across gender, affiliation, and assertiveness. In Study 1, we analyzed topics (groups of semantically similar words across 10 million messages from over 52,000 Facebook users. Most language differed little across gender. However, topics most associated with self-identified female participants included friends, family, and social life, whereas topics most associated with self-identified male participants included swearing, anger, discussion of objects instead of people, and the use of argumentative language. In Study 2, we plotted male- and female-linked language topics along two interpersonal dimensions prevalent in gender research: affiliation and assertiveness. In a sample of over 15,000 Facebook users, we found substantial gender differences in the use of affiliative language and slight differences in assertive language. Language used more by self-identified females was interpersonally warmer, more compassionate, polite, and-contrary to previous findings-slightly more assertive in their language use, whereas language used more by self-identified males was colder, more hostile, and impersonal. Computational linguistic analysis combined with methods to automatically label topics offer means for testing psychological theories unobtrusively at large scale.

  18. 77 FR 25475 - Inquiry To Learn Whether Businesses Assert Business Confidentiality Claims Regarding Waste Import...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-30

    ... AGENCY Inquiry To Learn Whether Businesses Assert Business Confidentiality Claims Regarding Waste Import... notices similar to this one in the Federal Register, the latest one being at 76 FR 362, January 4, 2011... information at issue: the preliminary inquiry and the notice of opportunity to comment. a. Inquiry To...

  19. 75 FR 4812 - Inquiry To Learn Whether Businesses Assert Business Confidentiality Claims

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-29

    ... AGENCY Inquiry To Learn Whether Businesses Assert Business Confidentiality Claims AGENCY: Environmental... Information EPA has previously published notices similar to this one in the Federal Register, at 74 FR 20293, May 1, 2009, and 72 FR 21006, April 27, 2007 that address issues similar to those raised by...

  20. 76 FR 362 - Inquiry To Learn Whether Businesses Assert Business Confidentiality Claims

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-04

    ... AGENCY Inquiry To Learn Whether Businesses Assert Business Confidentiality Claims AGENCY: Environmental... previously published notices similar to this one in the Federal Register, the latest one being at 75 FR 4812... issue: The preliminary inquiry and the notice of opportunity to comment. a. Inquiry To Learn...

  1. 77 FR 109 - Inquiry To Learn Whether Businesses Assert Business Confidentiality Claims Regarding Waste Import...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-03

    ... AGENCY Inquiry To Learn Whether Businesses Assert Business Confidentiality Claims Regarding Waste Import... published notices similar to this one in the Federal Register, the latest one being at 76 FR 362, January 4... and the notice of opportunity to comment. a. Inquiry To Learn Whether Affected Businesses (Other...

  2. 75 FR 44951 - Inquiry To Learn Whether Businesses Assert Business Confidentiality Claims

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-30

    ... AGENCY Inquiry To Learn Whether Businesses Assert Business Confidentiality Claims AGENCY: Environmental... previously published notices similar to this one in the Federal Register, the latest one being at 75 FR 4812... issue: The preliminary inquiry and the notice of opportunity to comment. a. Inquiry To Learn...

  3. ASSERT-PV 3.2: Advanced subchannel thermalhydraulics code for CANDU fuel bundles

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: • Introduction to a new version of the Canadian subchannel code, ASSERT-PV 3.2. • Enhanced models for flow-distribution, CHF and post-dryout heat transfer prediction. • Model changes focused on unique features of horizontal CANDU bundles. • Detailed description of model changes for all major thermalhydraulics models. • Discussion on rationale and limitation of the model changes. - Abstract: Atomic Energy of Canada Limited (AECL) has developed the subchannel thermalhydraulics code ASSERT-PV for the Canadian nuclear industry. The most recent release version, ASSERT-PV 3.2 has enhanced phenomenon models for improved predictions of flow distribution, dryout power and CHF location, and post-dryout (PDO) sheath temperature in horizontal CANDU fuel bundles. The focus of the improvements is mainly on modeling considerations for the unique features of CANDU bundles such as horizontal flows, small pitch to diameter ratios, high mass fluxes, and mixed and irregular subchannel geometries, compared to PWR/BWR fuel assemblies. This paper provides a general introduction to ASSERT-PV 3.2, and describes the model changes or additions in the new version to improve predictions of flow distribution, dryout power and CHF location, and PDO sheath temperatures in CANDU fuel bundles

  4. An Assertiveness Training Program for Indecisive Students Attending an Italian University.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nota, Laura; Soresi, Salvatore

    2003-01-01

    Indecisive students often present with social skills problems, which may make academic and vocational decision-making tasks difficult and complex for them. This article presents a training program devised to augment assertive competencies in indecisive students choosing a university course of study. Intended aims and the analyses to assess the…

  5. A Study of the Relationship between Assertive Parenting Styles and Career Indecision in College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cullen, Keith C.

    2013-01-01

    For a variety of reasons, higher levels of parental assertiveness have begun to impact even the basic conflicts college students encounter while in attendance. Called "helicopter parenting" within the popular press, these parents are described as involving themselves in the minutia of their child's college experience, engaging with…

  6. The Effects of a Sport Education Season on Empathy and Assertiveness

    Science.gov (United States)

    García-López, L. M.; Gutiérrez, D.

    2015-01-01

    Background: One of the objectives of the new Spanish Education Act is for students to develop a series of social skills, largely derived from the ability variables of assertiveness and empathy. Sport Education is an instructional model that is deemed useful in the development of personal and social responsibility and social values. It requires…

  7. Perceived Social Support and Assertiveness as a Predictor of Candidates Psychological Counselors' Psychological Well-Being

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ates, Bünyamin

    2016-01-01

    In this research, to what extent the variables of perceived social support (family, friends and special people) and assertiveness predicted the psychological well-being levels of candidate psychological counselors. The research group of this study included totally randomly selected 308 candidate psychological counselors including 174 females…

  8. Investigation of flow blockage in a fuel channel with the ASSERT subchannel code

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    On behalf of New Brunswick Power, a study was undertaken to determine if safe operation of a CANDU-6 reactor can be maintained at low reactor powers with the presence of debris in the fuel channels. In particular, the concern was to address if a small blockage due to the presence of debris would cause a significant reduction in dryout powers, and hence, to determine the safe operation power level to maintain dryout margins. In this work the NUCIRC(1,2), ASSERT-IV(3), and ASSERT-PV(3) computer codes are used in conjunction with a pool boiling model to determine the safe operation power level which maintains dryout safety margins. NUCIRC is used to provide channel boundary conditions for the ASSERTcodes and to select a representative channel for analysis. This pool boiling model is provided as a limiting lower bound analysis. As expected, the ASSERT results predict higher CHF ratios than the pool boiling model. In general, the ASSERT results show that as the model comes closer to modelling a complete blockage it reduces toward, but does not reach the pool boiling model. (author)

  9. Effects of Assertiveness Training and Expressive Writing on Acculturative Stress in International Students: A Randomized Trial

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tavakoli, Shedeh; Lumley, Mark A.; Hijazi, Alaa M.; Slavin-Spenny, Olga M.; Parris, George P.

    2009-01-01

    International university students often experience acculturative stress, and culturally appropriate techniques to manage stress are needed. This randomized trial tested the effects of group assertiveness training, private expressive writing, their combination, and a wait-list control on the acculturative stress, affect, and health of 118…

  10. 78 FR 51677 - Children's Online Privacy Protection Rule Proposed Parental Consent Method; AssertID, Inc...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-21

    ... meets the requirements for parental consent described in 16 CFR 312.5(b)(1). \\1\\ 64 FR 59888 (1999). \\2\\ 16 CFR part 312. \\3\\ 78 FR 3972 (2013). \\4\\ 16 CFR 312.12(a); 78 FR at 3991-3992, 4013. Pursuant to... Parental Consent Method; AssertID, Inc. Application for Approval of Parental Consent Method AGENCY:...

  11. Women are Warmer but No Less Assertive than Men: Gender and Language on Facebook

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Gregory; Schwartz, H. Andrew; Kern, Margaret L.; Eichstaedt, Johannes C.; Kosinski, Michael; Stillwell, David; Ungar, Lyle H.; Seligman, Martin E. P.

    2016-01-01

    Using a large social media dataset and open-vocabulary methods from computational linguistics, we explored differences in language use across gender, affiliation, and assertiveness. In Study 1, we analyzed topics (groups of semantically similar words) across 10 million messages from over 52,000 Facebook users. Most language differed little across gender. However, topics most associated with self-identified female participants included friends, family, and social life, whereas topics most associated with self-identified male participants included swearing, anger, discussion of objects instead of people, and the use of argumentative language. In Study 2, we plotted male- and female-linked language topics along two interpersonal dimensions prevalent in gender research: affiliation and assertiveness. In a sample of over 15,000 Facebook users, we found substantial gender differences in the use of affiliative language and slight differences in assertive language. Language used more by self-identified females was interpersonally warmer, more compassionate, polite, and—contrary to previous findings—slightly more assertive in their language use, whereas language used more by self-identified males was colder, more hostile, and impersonal. Computational linguistic analysis combined with methods to automatically label topics offer means for testing psychological theories unobtrusively at large scale. PMID:27223607

  12. Mental health service users' and practitioners' experiences of engagement in assertive outreach: a qualitative study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wright, N; Callaghan, P; Bartlett, P

    2011-11-01

    Assertive outreach services have been central to community mental health policy within the UK. These multidisciplinary teams were established to engage with service users who have severe and enduring mental health problems and have found traditional community services unable to meet their needs. Mental health nurses have a pivotal role in these multidisciplinary teams, yet the nature of these relationships from the perspective of those who work in and receive care is poorly understood. This study set out to explore the nature and meaning of engagement for practitioners and service users within assertive outreach services. A qualitative approach, informed by philosophical hermeneutics, underpinned the study. Participants were recruited from a single assertive outreach team in the UK. To be eligible for the study, mental health practitioners needed to be employed within the assertive outreach team. All service users residing in the community and receiving care from the team were also eligible for inclusion. In total 14 interviews were conducted with mental health practitioners and 13 with service users. Data analysis was informed by Turner's method. Four themes emerged from the data; contact, dialogue, transformation and shared understanding. Meaningful engagement was found to manifest itself through experiences such as providing and receiving practical assistance, having a genuine two-way conversation and valuing the experiences and personal attributes of the other person. The findings indicate that engagement is an active, dynamic and skilled process, which leads practitioners and service users to transform together to create a new relationship. PMID:21985685

  13. 40 CFR 68.151 - Assertion of claims of confidential business information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... business information. 68.151 Section 68.151 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) CHEMICAL ACCIDENT PREVENTION PROVISIONS Risk Management Plan § 68.151 Assertion of claims of confidential business information. (a) Except as provided in paragraph (b) of...

  14. Associations between assertiveness, psychological well-being, and self-esteem in adolescents

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sarkova, Maria; Bacikova-Sleskova, Maria; Orosova, Olga; Geckova, Andrea Madarasova; Katreniakova, Zuzana; Klein, Daniel; van den Heuvel, Wim; van Dijk, Jitse P.

    2013-01-01

    This study explored the associations between adolescents assertive behavior, psychological well-being, and self-esteem. The sample consisted of 1,023 students (14.9 +/-.51; 47.6% boys). Two dimensions of the Scale for Interpersonal Behavior (distress and performance), 2 factors of the General Health

  15. Comparing Locus of Control, Assertiveness and General Health among Young Drug Addicts in Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shahriar Shahidi

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available "n "nObjective:The aim of this research was to compare the characteristics of assertiveness, locus of control and general health among young drug dependent patients in Iran. "n "nMethods: Three groups of Iranians: were choosed. The first group included drug dependent patients who had volunteered for treatment and had registered in the local Welfare Organization; the second group included dependent patients who were in the prison; and the third group held nondependent patients. All the participants were male and were matched for age and educational level . The following instruments were used in the present study: locus of control  uestionnaire , Assertiveness Scale and the General Health Questionnaire, GHQ. "n "nResults: The results of the present research showed that there were significant differences among the three groups in ssertiveness, locus of control and GHQ scores. It was found that participants in the non addictive group were more assertive and more internal in their locus of control and had higher GHQ scores than the other two groups. The participants in the prison group reported less assertiveness and lower GHQ scores than the non addictive group ; and their locus of control was more external. Conclusion: "n The results this study may be useful in terms of possible strategies for changing an attributive style in young adults in the framework of psychotherapy

  16. 48 CFR 252.227-7019 - Validation of asserted restrictions-Computer software.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... restrictions-Computer software. 252.227-7019 Section 252.227-7019 Federal Acquisition Regulations System...—Computer software. As prescribed in 227.7104(e)(3) or 227.7203-6(c), use the following clause: Validation of Asserted Restrictions—Computer Software (JUN 1995) (a) Definitions. (1) As used in this...

  17. Differentiating between Confrontive and Coercive Kinds of Parental Power-Assertive Disciplinary Practices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baumrind, Diana

    2012-01-01

    In this essay, I differentiate between coercive and confrontive kinds of power assertion to elucidate the significantly different effects on children's well-being of authoritarian and authoritative styles of parental authority. Although both parenting styles (in contrast to the permissive style) are equally demanding, forceful, and…

  18. A QUANTIFIER-ELIMINATION BASED HEURISTIC FOR AUTOMATICALLY GENERATING INDUCTIVE ASSERTIONS FOR PROGRAMS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Deepak KAPUR

    2006-01-01

    A method using quantifier-elimination is proposed for automatically generating program invariants/inductive assertions. Given a program, inductive assertions, hypothesized as parameterized formulas in a theory, are associated with program locations. Parameters in inductive assertions are discovered by generating constraints on parameters by ensuring that an inductive assertion is indeed preserved by all execution paths leading to the associated location of the program. The method can be used to discover loop invariants-properties of variables that remain invariant at the entry of a loop. The parameterized formula can be successively refined by considering execution paths one by one; heuristics can be developed for determining the order in which the paths are considered. Initialization of program variables as well as the precondition and postcondition, if available, can also be used to further refine the hypothesized invariant. The method does not depend on the availability of the precondition and postcondition of a program. Constraints on parameters generated in this way are solved for possible values of parameters. If no solution is possible, this means that an invariant of the hypothesized form is not likely to exist for the loop under the assumptions/approximations made to generate the associated verification condition. Otherwise, if the parametric constraints are solvable, then under certain conditions on methods for generating these constraints, the strongest possible invariant of the hypothesized form can be generated from most general solutions of the parametric constraints. The approach is illustrated using the logical languages of conjunction of polynomial equations as well as Presburger arithmetic for expressing assertions.

  19. Equivalence and standard scores of the Hurlbert Index of Sexual Assertiveness across Spanish men and women

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pablo Santos-Iglesias

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of the present study was to analyze the measurement invariance and differential item functioning of the Spanish version of the Hurlbert Index of Sexual Assertiveness across gender. The sample was composed of 1,600 women and 1,598 men from Spain, with ages ranging from 18 to 84 years old. The Hurlbert Index of Sexual Assertiveness only showed weak invariance for men and women. The differential item functioning analysis showed that only item 2 ("I feel that I am shy when it comes to sex" flagged moderate uniform differential item functioning. More specifically, women tended to respond "Always" to this item more frequently than did men. Results strongly suggested eliminating item 2, resulting in a final version with 18 items clustered into two dimensions with good reliability values for men and women. Standard scores for both Initiation and No Shyness/Refusal reflected traditional sexual scripts for men and women.

  20. Assertion-Based Design Exploration of DVS in Network Processor Architectures

    CERN Document Server

    Yu, Jia; Chen, Xi; Hsieh, Harry; Yang, Jun; Balarin, Felice

    2011-01-01

    With the scaling of technology and higher requirements on performance and functionality, power dissipation is becoming one of the major design considerations in the development of network processors. In this paper, we use an assertion-based methodology for system-level power/performance analysis to study two dynamic voltage scaling (DVS) techniques, traffic-based DVS and execution-based DVS, in a network processor model. Using the automatically generated distribution analyzers, we analyze the power and performance distributions and study their trade-offs for the two DVS policies with different parameter settings such as threshold values and window sizes. We discuss the optimal configurations of the two DVS policies under different design requirements. By a set of experiments, we show that the assertion-based trace analysis methodology is an efficient tool that can help a designer easily compare and study optimal architectural configurations in a large design space.

  1. An Assertional Proof System for Multithreaded Java - Theory and Tool Support

    OpenAIRE

    Abraham, E

    2005-01-01

    Besides the features of a class-based object-oriented language, Java integrates concurrency via its thread classes, allowing for a multithreaded flow of control. The concurrency model includes shared-variable concurrency via instance variables, coordination via reentrant synchronization monitors, synchronous message passing, and dynamic thread creation. To reason about safety properties of multithreaded Java programs, we introduce a tool-supported assertional proof method for JavaMT ("Multi-T...

  2. Assertive classroom management strategies and students’ performance: The case of EFL classroom

    OpenAIRE

    Mohammad Aliakbari; Bafrin Bozorgmanesh

    2015-01-01

    Ample research findings support the effective role that classroom management strategies play in enhancing students’ learning. Drawing upon Iranian high school teachers’ classroom management strategies, this article is intended to examine the extent to which these teachers follow assertive classroom management strategies and if these strategies affect students’ performance. Conducting a survey including 123 female students, it was found out that Iranian teachers apply classroom management stra...

  3. Asserted and neglected issues linking evidence-based and Chinese medicines for cardiac rehabilitation

    OpenAIRE

    Ferreira, Arthur Sá; de Moura, Nathalia Gomes Ribeiro

    2014-01-01

    High blood pressure is among the most prevalent chronic disease in adults that impacts on the quality of life of patients, which are often subjected to physical rehabilitation. Chinese medicine intervention in patients with hypertension presents promising albeit inconclusive results, mostly due to methodological issues. This paper discusses asserted and neglected issues linking evidence-based and Chinese medicines as related to systemic arterial hypertension, as well as their impact on the ph...

  4. The effects of a sport education season on empathy and assertiveness

    OpenAIRE

    García López, Luis Miguel; Gutiérrez Díaz del Campo, David

    2013-01-01

    Background: One of the objectives of the new Spanish Education Act is for students to develop a series of social skills, largely derived from the ability variables of assertiveness and empathy. Sport Education is an instructional model that is deemed useful in the development of personal and social responsibility and social values. It requires interaction among students during group activities as there are many roles and responsibilities involved. Previous research on Sport Education reveals ...

  5. The Use of Financial Reporting Assertions at the Various Stages of Audit

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alla Aleksandrovna Vasilenko

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available In the context of unsustainable economic development, the requirements that apply to reliability of financial reporting are growing steadily. From the auditor’s perspective it means actualization of the audit methodology problems which can be solved both at the level of financial reporting and the level of its assertions. The article examines the correlation between the audit stages and the usage of financial reporting assertions by auditor in the context of progressive audit. The author provides the results of the synthesis approaches of researchers to allocation and justification of the audit stages. The audit process consists of two directions: achieving the overall audit objectives and achieving the objectives at the level of individual segments. It is proposed to consider the four audit stages in accordance with International Standards on Auditing: 1 planning an audit; 2 audit procedures and audit evidence; 3 evaluation of misstatements identified during the audit; 4 forming an opinion in the audit report. It is established that financial reporting assertions are applied at the three of four audit stages. The analysis of standards on auditing has revealed strong relationship between the audit procedures and the financial reporting assertions. The links which are described in the article are implemented in the practice of auditing organizations by the development of audit documentation set for the various stages of audit. It allows to structure process of planning and performing audit procedures basing on the requirements of the international standards on auditing. As a result, the optimal conditions are created for expressing the opinion by auditor in his report regarding the reliability of the financial statements.

  6. Women are Warmer but No Less Assertive than Men: Gender and Language on Facebook

    OpenAIRE

    Gregory Park; David Bryce Yaden; H Andrew Schwartz; Kern, Margaret L.; Eichstaedt, Johannes C.; Michael Kosinski; David Stillwell; Ungar, Lyle H.; Seligman, Martin E.P.

    2016-01-01

    Using a large social media dataset and open-vocabulary methods from computational linguistics, we explored differences in language use across gender, affiliation, and assertiveness. In Study 1, we analyzed topics (groups of semantically similar words) across 10 million messages from over 52,000 Facebook users. Most language differed little across gender. However, topics most associated with self-identified female participants included friends, family, and social life, whereas topics most asso...

  7. The Relation between Assertiveness Levels, Locus of Control and Academic Success of Turkish Language Teacher Candidates

    OpenAIRE

    Ahmet Güneyli; Sibel Dinçyürek; Mehmet Çağlar

    2012-01-01

    Before they start their career, candidate teachers must have deep knowledge about the characteristics that a successful teachers should have. The purpose is to create awareness that personal traits of a teacher are critical during education period and to improve and develop these traits. The research is a descriptive one and the basic purpose of this study is to examine the relation between the assertiveness levels and locus of control, on one hand, and academic success, on the other, of seni...

  8. Moral Decision-Making among Assertive Community Treatment (ACT) Case Managers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lerbæk, Birgitte; Aagaard, Jørgen; Andersen, Mette Braendstrup;

    2015-01-01

    The context of care in assertive community treatment (ACT) can be precarious and generate ethical issues involving the principles of autonomy and paternalism. This focus group study examined case managers' situated accounts of moral reasoning. Our findings show how they expressed strong moral...... obligation towards helping the clients. Their moral reasoning reflected a paternalistic position where, on different occasions, the potential benefits of their interventions would be prioritised at the expense of protecting the clients' personal autonomy. The case managers' reasoning emphasised situational...

  9. Assertiveness Skills Training Efficiency on College Students’ Persuasive Subjective Norms against Substance Abuse

    OpenAIRE

    M Barati; H. Allahverdipour; B. Moeini; A. Farhadi Nasab; H. Mahjub; F. Jalilian

    2011-01-01

    Introduction & Objective: The prevalence of substance abuse among college students is increasing drastically and requires immediate skill-based substance abuse intervention such as assertive skills. The purpose of this study was to develope the healthy behavior to change the subjective norms of students in order to decrease their tendency towards substance abuse. Materials & Methods: A pre and post nonequivalent control group design study carried out on college students. A total number of 140...

  10. Effects of Assertiveness Training and Expressive Writing on Acculturative Stress in International Students: A Randomized Trial

    OpenAIRE

    Tavakoli, Shedeh; Lumley, Mark A.; Hijazi, Alaa M.; Slavin-Spenny, Olga M.; Parris, George P.

    2009-01-01

    International university students often experience acculturative stress, and culturally appropriate techniques to manage stress are needed. This randomized trial tested the effects of group assertiveness training, private expressive writing, their combination, and a wait-list control on the acculturative stress, affect, and health of 118 international students at an urban, American university. Interventions were conducted at the start of a semester, and assessments were conducted at baseline ...

  11. On the Comparison of Interpersonal Sensitivity and Assertiveness between Drug-Dependent Persons and Ordinary People

    OpenAIRE

    Babak Vojudi; Nastaran Otared; Hamid poursharifi

    2015-01-01

    Objective: The present study was aimed at comparing interpersonal sensitivity and assertiveness between drug-dependent persons and ordinary people. Method: The research method was causal-comparative. The statistical population of the study consisted of all narcotic addicts of Tabriz City who referred to Addiction Treatment Centers while the research was being conducted. The number of 30 addicted persons was selected through cluster sampling and 30 ordinary persons as control group through con...

  12. Cognitive adaptation training combined with assertive community treatment:- A randomised longitudinal trial

    OpenAIRE

    Hansen, Jens Peter; Østergaard, Birte; Nordentoft, Merete; Hounsgaard, Lise

    2012-01-01

    Cognitive adaptation training (CAT) targets the adaptive behaviour of patients with schizophrenia and has shown promising results regarding the social aspects of psychosocial treatment. As yet, no reports have appeared on the use of CAT in combination with assertive community treatment (ACT). Our purpose was to evaluate the effect of CAT in comparison with ACT, focusing on social functions (primary outcome), symptoms, relapse, re-hospitalisation, and quality of life of outpatients with schizo...

  13. Self-Esteem and Assertiveness Levels of Nursing and Midwifery Students

    OpenAIRE

    DİNÇER, Uz. Hem.Feray; ÖZTUNÇ, Doç. Dr. Gürsel

    2009-01-01

    Nursing and midwifery education is a difficult and stressful process. In this process, nursing and midwifery students are expected to have a high self-confidence, to express themselves, to communicate effectively, and to be able to defend his/her herself. The population of our descriptive study, which was conducted to determine self-esteem and assertiveness levels of nursing and midwifery students, consisted of the students of Çukurova University Adana Health College. Data is collected by que...

  14. Diasporic Authenticity Assertions: Analysis of Amy Tan’s The Bonesetter’s Daughter

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Naeimeh Tabatabaei Lotfi

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available This essay is an attempt to examine the active interaction of history and memory, in formulation of a diasporic authentic picture of past, in Amy Tan’s The Bonesetter’s Daughter (2001. Amongst discursive disciplines, memory and history perform vitally, in picturing past; both attempt to reproduce events, by emblematic narrative acts. However, their erratic quality endorses the existence of counter- stories that endangers displaying a homogeneous past. Among miscellaneous categories of memories, autobiographical memory asserts to obtain an authentic presentation, but as any other forms of accounts, it exhibits an imprecise fictional image. This psychological alleviation ensures the future mental integrity of trauma victims. In memory narratives, the contingent temperament of power network and continual formulation of resisting frameworks might be explored. Tan’s diasporic assertion of authenticity, as a migrant writer, amalgamated with employment of fantasy is to obtain a shared diasporic identity, among her characters, although personal accounts of characters undergo an extensive amount of contingency. The newly forged identity is collective in nature and defies the geographical and temporal borders and grants a humane picture rather than a diasporic one; an identity that is established to venerate the cardinal role of personal memory, in endowing legitimate truth.Keywords: Amy Tan- Authenticity Assertion- Memory- History- Diasporic Narrative

  15. Alexithymia, emotion perception, and social assertiveness in adult women with Noonan and Turner syndromes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roelofs, Renée L; Wingbermühle, Ellen; Freriks, Kim; Verhaak, Chris M; Kessels, Roy P C; Egger, Jos I M

    2015-04-01

    Noonan syndrome (NS) and Turner syndrome (TS) are associated with cognitive problems and difficulties in affective information processing. While both phenotypes include short stature, facial dysmorphisms, and a webbed neck, genetic etiology and neuropsychological phenotype differ significantly. The present study examines putative differences in affective information processing and social assertiveness between adult women with NS and TS. Twenty-six women with NS, 40 women with TS, and 40 female controls were matched on age and intelligence, and subsequently compared on (1) alexithymia, measured by the Bermond-Vorst Alexithymia Questionnaire, (2) emotion perception, evaluated by the Emotion Recognition Task, and (3) social assertiveness and social discomfort, assessed by the Scale for Interpersonal Behavior. Women with TS showed higher levels of alexithymia than women with NS and controls (P-values recognizing angry facial expressions in comparison with controls (P = 0.01). No significant group differences were found for the frequency of social assertiveness and the level of social discomfort. Women with NS and TS demonstrated different patterns of impairment in affective information processing, in terms of alexithymia and emotion perception. The present findings suggest neuropsychological phenotyping to be helpful for the diagnosis of specific cognitive-affective deficits in genetic syndromes, for the enhancement of genetic counseling, and for the development of personalized treatment plans. PMID:25711203

  16. ASSERT validation against the Stern Laboratories' single-phase pressure drop tests

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper describes the preliminary validation of ASSERT-IV against the single-phase pressure drop tests from the 37-element CHF (critical heat flux) experiments conducted at Stern Laboratories, and shows how this study fits into the overall ASSERT validation plan. The effects on the pressure drop of several friction and form loss models are evaluated, including the geometry-based K-factor model. The choice of friction factor has a small effect on the predicted channel pressure drop, compared to the form loss model choice. Using the uniform K-factors of Hameed, the computed pressure drops are in excellent agreement with the experimental results from the nominal pressure tube tests. For future ASSERT applications, either Hameed's uniform K-factors or the geometry-based model using Idelchik's thick-edged orifice equation are recommended, as are the friction factor correlations of Colebrook-White, Selander, and Aly and Groeneveld. More analysis of the geometry-based K-factor model is required. (author). 23 refs., 4 tabs., 9 figs

  17. Assertiveness Skills Training Efficiency on College Students’ Persuasive Subjective Norms against Substance Abuse

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Barati

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Introduction & Objective: The prevalence of substance abuse among college students is increasing drastically and requires immediate skill-based substance abuse intervention such as assertive skills. The purpose of this study was to develope the healthy behavior to change the subjective norms of students in order to decrease their tendency towards substance abuse. Materials & Methods: A pre and post nonequivalent control group design study carried out on college students. A total number of 140 students were selected through randomized cluster sampling and randomly assigned to the intervention (n=70 and the control (n=70 groups. The data-gathering tool consisted of a self-report questionnaire assessing the variables of moral , descriptive , and injunctive norms. After the diagnostic evaluation, assertive skills promoting program was applied to persuade the participants against substances abuse. Respondents in the control and experimental groups completed questionnaires at baseline and 2 months after the intervention. Results: The result showed that educational manipulation had significant effect on intervention group’s average response for moral norms (t= -3.36, P<0.001, descriptive norms (t= -3.07, P<0.003, and injunctive norms for persuading substance abuse (t=-3.79, P<0.000.Conclusion: These findings suggest that assertive skills training would be an efficient tool in drug abuse prevention programs among adolescents that should also be included in the comprehensive school health programs. (Sci J Hamadan Univ Med Sci 2011;18(3:40-49

  18. Formal verification of reactor process control software using assertion checking environment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Assertion Checking Environment (ACE) was developed in-house for carrying out formal (rigorous/ mathematical) functional verification of embedded software written in MISRA C. MISRA C is an industrially sponsored safe sub-set of C programming language and is well accepted in the automotive and aerospace industries. ACE uses static assertion checking technique for verification of MISRA C programs. First the functional specifications of the program are derived from the specifications in the form of pre- and post-conditions for each C function. These pre- and post-conditions are then introduced as assertions (formal comments) in the program code. The annotated C code is then formally verified using ACE. In this paper we present our experience of using ACE for the formal verification of process control software of a nuclear reactor. The Software Requirements Document (SRD) contained textual specifications of the process control software. The SRD was used by the designers to draw logic diagrams which were given as input to a code generator. The verification of the generated C code was done at 2 levels viz. (i) verification against specifications derived from logic diagrams, and (ii) verification against specifications derived from SRD. In this work we checked approximately 600 functional specifications of the software having roughly 15000 lines of code. (author)

  19. Chinese Assertiveness in the South China Sea and Southeast Asian Responses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlyle A. Thayer

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available This article reviews Chinese assertive behaviour towards the Philippines and Vietnam over South China Sea issues in 2011. The article compares and contrasts Chinese diplomatic behaviour in the period before and after the adoption by ASEAN member states and China of Guidelines for the Implementation the Declaration on Conduct of Parties in the South China Sea in July. In the first period China aggressively asserted its claims to sovereignty by interfering with commercial fishing and oil exploration activities of vessels operating in the Exclusive Economic Zones of Vietnam and the Philippines. Both states resisted Chinese actions. The Philippines allocated increased funding for defence modernization, lobbied ASEAN states and shored up its alliance with the United States. Vietnam too protested Chinese action and undertook symbolic steps to defend national sovereignty. In the second period all states moved to contain South China Sea tensions from affecting their larger bilateral relations. It remains to be seen, however, if proposed confidence building measures will ameliorate Chinese assertiveness.

  20. The Effectiveness of Social Skills Training by Cognitive-Behavioral Group in the Increase of Girls’ Self-Esteem and Assertiveness with Addicted Parents

    OpenAIRE

    Maryam Esmaeili

    2011-01-01

    Objective: The aim of the study was the survey of social skills training by cognitive behavioral group in the increase of girls’ self-esteem and assertiveness with addicted parents in Isfahan. Method: 20 students with addicted parents who had the lowest rate of assertiveness were selected by semi-experimental method in third to fifth grades. Randomly research projects pre-test-post-test control group. Questionnaire to measure assertiveness and assertiveness Gmbryl and Richie Esteem Questionna...

  1. Analysis on the Level of Assertiveness of the Athletes Took Part in Eliminations for Adults Taekwondo National Team

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Taner YILMAZ

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Several elements may affect assertiveness. Woman's traditional sister or caretaker role causes her sometimes to become aggressive by behaving in a stiff, authoritarian way and sometimes passive. The aim of this study is to research the level of as sertiveness of the athletes took part in the Turkey Taekwondo National Team eliminations in 2014. 106 males at the average age of 21, 12 and 56 females at the average age of 20,39 took part in the research. RAE (Rathus Assertiveness Schedule developed by Rathus in 1977 and adapted to Turkish by Nilüfer Voltan Acar (1980 was used to determine the level of assertiveness. In conclusion, no significant difference was found between males and females in terms of assertiveness level scores.

  2. Women’s Condom Use Assertiveness and Sexual Risk-Taking: Effects of Alcohol Intoxication and Adult Victimization

    OpenAIRE

    Stoner, Susan A.; Norris, Jeanette; George, William H.; Morrison, Diane M.; Zawacki, Tina; DAVIS, KELLY CUE; Hessler, Danielle M

    2008-01-01

    This experiment examined relationships among adulthood victimization, sexual assertiveness, alcohol intoxication, and sexual risk-taking in female social drinkers (N = 161). Women completed measures of sexual assault and intimate partner violence history and sexual assertiveness before random assignment to 1 of 4 beverage conditions: control, placebo, low dose (.04%), or high dose (.08%). After drinking, women read a second-person story involving a sexual encounter with a new partner. As prot...

  3. The Investigation of relation between elementary school second grade students’ self-esteem, different skills and assertiveness levels

    OpenAIRE

    Hakan Sarıçam; Elifcan Yılmaz; Arzu Gülbahçe; Öner Gülbahçe; Mehmet Çardak

    2013-01-01

    This study aims to examine the relation among the self esteem, different abilility levels and assertiveness levels of second grade primary education. An investigation has been done on over 180 students, chosen randomly, from the primary education schools of Erzurum MEB in accordance with the purpose of this study. Information Form, Rosenberg Self-Esteem Inventory, Basic Aptitude Test 6-8 and Rathus Assertiveness Inventory were used. SPSS 15.0/WINDOWS programme was used for data analysis. ‘t ...

  4. The Relationship with Self Esteem Between Assertiveness Levels of Sub-Elite In-Door Soccer Players

    OpenAIRE

    Serdar SUCAN; TURAN, Mehmet Behzat; Osman PEPE; Doğan DOĞAN

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this study was investigated the relationship with self esteem between assertiveness levels of sub-elite in-door soccer players. For this aim, 18–28 aged, 86 male and 91 female athletes studying 7 universities which joined in-door soccer championship of Turkish University Sport Federation was participated to study volunteerly.Participants were performed socio- demographic data formi Rathus Assertiveness Schedule and Coopersmith Self-Esteem Inventory. Data were analyzed by using IBM ...

  5. An exploratory study of sexual assertiveness and characteristics of African American women in negotiating condom use at an HBCU.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jenkins, Chalice C; Kennedy, Bernice Roberts

    2013-01-01

    The transmission of HIV/AIDS among African American women through heterosexual sex is an epidemic. Critical themes extracted from the HIV/AIDS sexual assertiveness literature revealed that: (a) sexual assertiveness is related to HIV risk, (b) sexual assertiveness is related to communication, and (c) women with low sexual assertiveness are at risk for HIV. This descriptive study sought to answer the following research question: What do young adult college attending African American women self-report about asking information about their partner's sexual history? The multifaceted model of HIV risk is the theoretical framework which guided this descriptive study. A basic tenet of the multifaceted model of HIV risk is that there is no single predictor of women's HIV risk behavior. Results revealed that 104 young adult college attending African American women who volunteered to attend a one day HIV prevention training overall scored high on a Sexual Assertive Scale on subscales of Information Communication, Refusal, and Pregnancy/STD Prevention Subscale, and scored in the medium range on the Initiation Subscales. The Information Communication and Pregnancy/ STD Prevention Subscale received the highest scores. More research is needed targeting diverse African American females with different socioeconomic status, various locations, and educated to determine their sexual assertiveness with partners which are essential in developing specific programs for diverse groups of African American females. PMID:24279130

  6. The Relations h ip with Self Esteem Between Assertiveness Levels of Sub - Elite In - Door Soccer Players

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Serdar SUCAN

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was investigated the relationship with self esteem between assertiveness levels of sub - elite in - door soccer players. For this aim, 18 – 28 aged, 86 male and 91 female athletes studying 7 universities which joined in - door soccer champio nship of Turkish University Sport Federation was participated to study volunteerly. Participants were performed socio - demographic data formi Rathus Assertiveness Schedule and Coopersmith Self - Esteem Inventory. Data were analyzed by using IBM SPSS (versi on 20.0. Spearman Correlation parameter calculated in order to comment the relationship with data, Multiple regretion analysis was performed for the predictive power of self - esteem for assertiveness levels of participants. According to analysis, a positi ve relationship was found between self esteem and assertivenes levels and it was found that self - esteem levels predictived assertiveness levels substantially. As a result of this study, high self - eseteemed athletes could transfer their feelings to others a nd could increase their assertiveness levels. It was known that highly self - esteemed athletes could increase their performance. Therefore, we could say that necessary studies about athletes’ gaining assertiveness behaviors, should take part of primary stud ies of trainers.

  7. Verification of Correspondence Assertions in a Calculus for Mobile Ad Hoc Networks

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hüttel, Hans; Kühnrich, Morten; Godskesen, Jens Christian

    We introduce a novel process calculus called DBSPI (distributed broadcast SPI-calculus) which models mobile ad hoc networks (MANET). The calculus is a cryptographic broadcast calculus with locations and migration. Communication and migration are limited to neighborhoods. Neighborhood definitions...... are explicitly part of the syntax allowing dynamic extension using bound identifiers. In this semantic setting we study authentication of agents in MANET protocols. A safety property dealing with authentication correspondence assertions is defined. Later a dependent type and effect system is given and...

  8. Un estudio psicométrico del Hurlbert Index of Sexual Assertiveness en mujeres hispanas

    OpenAIRE

    Juan Carlos Sierra; Pablo Santos; José Ricardo Gutiérrez-Quintanilla; Pilar Gómez; María Dolores Maeso

    2008-01-01

    La asertividad sexual constituye un factor determinante de la salud sexual que requiere en su evaluación de instrumentos con adecuadas garantías científi cas. En este estudio instrumental se analizan algunas propiedades psicométricas del Hurlbert Index of Sexual Assertiveness (HISA) en dos muestras de mujeres hispanas (230 españolas y 300 salvadoreñas) de la población general, con edades comprendidas entre 17 y 70 años, que mantenían una relación de pareja heterosexual desde al me...

  9. The effect of recreational physical exercise on depression and assertiveness levels of university students

    OpenAIRE

    Gülcan Tekin; M. Tayfun Amman; Ali Tekin

    2009-01-01

     The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of the recreational physical exercise on depression and assertiveness levels of the university students who had never participated in regular physical exercise before. There were 15 male and 15 female totally 30 students in control group and 15 male and 15 female students in exercise group of research. The students in control group carried on their usual life during the research while the students in exercise group participated in a 8 week...

  10. Comment on the Kundracute at-Lokajacute icek assertion about the applicability of the Martin formula

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Contrary to the assertion of Kundracute at and Lokajacute icek that the Martin formula, which relates the real part of the elastic hadron-hadron scattering amplitude with its imaginary part, can be used only at small momentum transfers |t|approx-lt 0.15(GeV/c)2 in the CERN ISR and Sp bar pS region, the formula can be used consistently at high energies for the observed experimental data in the whole region of the momentum transfer of the experiments. Their errors are due to an inappropriate numerical approach for solving the problem. copyright 1997 The American Physical Society

  11. A STUDY ON THE ASSERTIVENESS LEVEL OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION AND SPORTS COLLEGE STUDENTS

    OpenAIRE

    Erdogan B.S.; Erbasi F.Y.; Aldemir G.Y.; Eraslan M.; Kaya E.; Şahan, H; Yıldız, M.

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to examine some of the variables in the level of students’ boldness who study at Physical education and sports colleges and to compare the findings with the other studies in the literature. The Research Group contains 92 male and 64 female (/age = 21,612 + 1,921), in total 156 students from Selcuk University physical education and sports college. In order to reach the purpose of the study “Rathus Assertiveness Schedule” has been used as the methodology which ...

  12. Relationship of Depression and Assertiveness in Normal Population and Depressed Individuals

    OpenAIRE

    Ms. Maryam Khurshid; Ms. Bushra Mueen; Dr. Ishtiaq Hassan

    2006-01-01

    The present study is aimed at exploring the relationship between depression and self-assertiveness. Sample of the study consisted of 100 people (men = 50, women = 50), who were taken from different offices, houses, and hospitals. Their age ranged between 18 to 50 years, and education level was at least middle standard and above. Their marital status was of both types i.e. married and unmarried. They belonged to lower and middle socio-economic status. For the measurement of depression and self...

  13. Thermal-hydraulics performance optimization of Candu fuel using Assert subchannel code

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An optimization of fuel bundle geometry using the subchannel code ASSERT is performed in support of Candu fuel design to enhance the thermohydraulics performance. The new bundle design is based on a reference CANFLEX bundle with changes to the centre and inner-ring element diameters and pitch-circle diameters (PCDs) of various element rings. Different methods of varying the PCDs for reaching the optimized geometry are considered in an attempt to minimize the optimization effort. The optimized geometry in the present analysis is the one that maximizes the dryout power and that has simultaneous CHF (critical heat flux) initiation involving more than one subchannel rings. (authors)

  14. Associations between assertiveness, psychological well-being, and self-esteem in adolescents

    OpenAIRE

    Sarkova, Maria; Bacikova-Sleskova, Maria; Orosova, Olga; Geckova, Andrea Madarasova; Katreniakova, Zuzana; Klein, Daniel; van den Heuvel, Wim; van Dijk, Jitse P.

    2013-01-01

    This study explored the associations between adolescents assertive behavior, psychological well-being, and self-esteem. The sample consisted of 1,023 students (14.9 +/-.51; 47.6% boys). Two dimensions of the Scale for Interpersonal Behavior (distress and performance), 2 factors of the General Health Questionnaire-12 (depression/anxiety and social dysfunction), and 2 factors of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (positive self-esteem and negative self-esteem) were used; data were analyzed using h...

  15. Improving Employment Outcomes in Assertive Community Treatment (ACT): The Role of the ACT Nurse.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waynor, William R; Dolce, Joni N

    2015-07-01

    Assertive community treatment (ACT) for individuals with serious mental illness is a community-based mental health service model where nurses play a significant leadership role as health and wellness educators and consultants to consumers and fellow staff members. The ACT model was designed to include a vocational focus as an important aspect of community integration. Nevertheless, research suggests that ACT does not assist a significant number of consumers in achieving employment goals. Nurses can play a critical part in the recovery and wellness of individuals receiving ACT services. Individual placement and support principles provide a foundation for implementing employment into current services. PMID:26151149

  16. Alexithymia, Assertiveness and Psychosocial Functioning in HIV: Implications for Medication Adherence and Disease Severity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McIntosh, Roger C; Ironson, Gail; Antoni, Michael; Fletcher, Mary Ann; Schneiderman, Neil

    2016-02-01

    Psychosocial function and adherence to antiretroviral regimen are key factors in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disease management. Alexithymia (AL) is a trait deficit in the ability to identify and describe feelings, emotions and bodily sensations. A structural equation model was used to test whether high levels of AL indirectly relate to greater non-adherent behavior and HIV disease severity via psychosocial dysfunction. Blood draws for HIV-1 viral load and CD4 T-lymphocyte, along with psychosocial surveys were collected from 439 HIV positive adults aged 18-73 years. The structural model supports significant paths from: (1) AL to non-active patient involvement, psychological distress, and lower social support, (2) psychological distress and non-active involvement to non-adherent behavior, and (3) non-adherence to greater HIV disease severity (CFI = .97, RMSEA = .04, SRMR = .05). A second model confirmed the intermediary effect of greater patient assertiveness on the path from AL to social support and non-active patient involvement (CFI = .94, RMSEA = .04, SRMR = .05). Altogether, AL is indirectly linked with HIV disease management through it's association with poor psychosocial function, however greater patient assertiveness buffers the negative impact of AL on relationship quality with healthcare providers and members of one's social support network. PMID:26143246

  17. SystemVerilog assertions and functional coverage guide to language, methodology and applications

    CERN Document Server

    Mehta, Ashok B

    2016-01-01

    This book provides a hands-on, application-oriented guide to the language and methodology of both SystemVerilog Assertions and SystemVerilog Functional Coverage. Readers will benefit from the step-by-step approach to functional hardware verification using SystemVerilog Assertions and Functional Coverage, which will enable them to uncover hidden and hard to find bugs, point directly to the source of the bug, provide for a clean and easy way to model complex timing checks and objectively answer the question ‘have we functionally verified everything’. Written by a professional end-user of ASIC/SoC/CPU and FPGA design and Verification, this book explains each concept with easy to understand examples, simulation logs and applications derived from real projects. Readers will be empowered to tackle the modeling of complex checkers for functional verification, thereby drastically reducing their time to design and debug. This updated second edition addresses the latest functional set released in IEEE-1800 (2012) L...

  18. Applying active learning to assertion classification of concepts in clinical text.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Yukun; Mani, Subramani; Xu, Hua

    2012-04-01

    Supervised machine learning methods for clinical natural language processing (NLP) research require a large number of annotated samples, which are very expensive to build because of the involvement of physicians. Active learning, an approach that actively samples from a large pool, provides an alternative solution. Its major goal in classification is to reduce the annotation effort while maintaining the quality of the predictive model. However, few studies have investigated its uses in clinical NLP. This paper reports an application of active learning to a clinical text classification task: to determine the assertion status of clinical concepts. The annotated corpus for the assertion classification task in the 2010 i2b2/VA Clinical NLP Challenge was used in this study. We implemented several existing and newly developed active learning algorithms and assessed their uses. The outcome is reported in the global ALC score, based on the Area under the average Learning Curve of the AUC (Area Under the Curve) score. Results showed that when the same number of annotated samples was used, active learning strategies could generate better classification models (best ALC-0.7715) than the passive learning method (random sampling) (ALC-0.7411). Moreover, to achieve the same classification performance, active learning strategies required fewer samples than the random sampling method. For example, to achieve an AUC of 0.79, the random sampling method used 32 samples, while our best active learning algorithm required only 12 samples, a reduction of 62.5% in manual annotation effort. PMID:22127105

  19. Assertive Communication and Teamwork: Results of an Intervention Program to the Supervisors of a Company

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jesús H. Montes de Oca

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available The study aimed to determine the effect of the implementation of the program "Manage your Talent" in competence assertive communication skills and teamwork. A quasi-experimental research design was used with pre-test - intervention - post-test with control group. The sample included 28 supervisors of a private company, 13 in the experimental group and 15 in the control group. A type of purposive sample was used. The results suggest a positive impact of the program to significantly increase competition achievement assertive communication (U = 3.5, Z = 4.58, *** P <.000, just as in effective dialogue dimensions (U = 8.0, feedback (U = 10.0, conflict resolution (U= 7.0 and non-verbal communication (U = 4.0, the skills of this competence in the highest increase was recorded were effective dialogue and nonverbal communication. In the other, the increase was lower. Regarding competition teamwork (U = 0.00, Z = 4.837, *** P <.000, just as in the dimensions (U = 9.0, Goal Achievement (U = 15.0, democratic environment (U= 12.0 and decision making (U = 7.0. The skills of this competence in the highest increase was recorded were the subject property, democratic environment and goal achievement. Minor increase in decision-making for managing consensus.

  20. Barcroft's bold assertion: All dwellers at high altitudes are persons of impaired physical and mental powers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    West, John B

    2016-03-01

    Barcroft's bold assertion that everyone at high altitude has physical and mental impairment compared with sea level was very provocative. It was a result of the expedition that he led to Cerro de Pasco in Peru, altitude 4300 m. Although it is clear that newcomers to high altitude have reduced physical powers, some people believe that this does not apply to permanent residents who have been at high altitude for generations. The best evidence supports Barcroft's contention, although permanent residents often perform better than acclimatized lowlanders. Turning to neuropsychological function, newcomers to high altitude certainly have some impairment, and there is evidence that the same applies to highlanders. However the notion that permanent residents are impaired is anathema to many people. For example the eminent Peruvian physician Carlos Monge took great exception to Barcroft's remark and even attributed it to the fact that Barcroft was suffering from acute mountain sickness when he made it! Monge referred to 'climatic aggression', by which he meant the negative consequences of the inevitable hypoxia of high altitude. Recent technological advances such as oxygen enrichment of room air can overcome this 'aggression'. This might be useful in some settings at high altitude such as a nursery where newborn babies are cared for, and possibly operating rooms where the surgeon's dexterity may be enhanced. Other situations might be dormitories, conference rooms, and perhaps some school rooms. These constitute possible ways by which the effects of Barcroft's assertion might be countered. PMID:25962370

  1. Attachment, Sexual Assertiveness, and Sexual Outcomes in Women with Provoked Vestibulodynia and Their Partners: A Mediation Model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leclerc, Bianca; Bergeron, Sophie; Brassard, Audrey; Bélanger, Claude; Steben, Marc; Lambert, Bernard

    2015-08-01

    Provoked vestibulodynia (PVD) is a prevalent women's sexual pain disorder, which is associated with sexual function difficulties. Attachment theory has been used to understand adult sexual outcomes, providing a useful framework for examining sexual adaptation in couples confronted with PVD. Research to date indicates that anxious and avoidant attachment dimensions correlate with worse sexual outcomes in community and clinical samples. The present study examined the association between attachment, pain, sexual function, and sexual satisfaction in a sample of 101 couples in which the women presented with PVD. The actor-partner interdependence model was used in order to investigate both actor and partner effects. This study also examined the role of sexual assertiveness as a mediator of these associations via structural equation modeling. Women completed measures of pain intensity and both members of the couple completed measures of romantic attachment, sexual assertiveness, sexual function, and satisfaction. Results indicated that attachment dimensions did not predict pain intensity. Both anxious and avoidant attachment were associated with lower sexual satisfaction. Only attachment avoidance predicted lower sexual function in women. Partner effects indicated that higher sexual assertiveness in women predicted higher sexual satisfaction in men. Finally, women's sexual assertiveness was found to be a significant mediator of the relationship between their attachment dimensions, sexual function, and satisfaction. Findings highlight the importance of examining how anxious and avoidant attachment may lead to difficulties in sexual assertiveness and to less satisfying sexual interactions in couples where women suffer from PVD. PMID:24777439

  2. Evaluating the effect of self-awareness and communication techniques on nurses' assertiveness and self-esteem.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Unal, Sati

    2012-12-01

    The effect of a course on self-awareness and communication techniques on nursing students' assertiveness and self-esteem was examined. The Rathus Assertiveness Schedule and Coopersmith Self-Esteem Inventory were used to measure assertiveness and self-esteem in second-year students in an undergraduate nursing school. Seventy-nine students completed the course. The study was designed as a pre-test and post-test study. A significant difference between assertiveness and self-esteem scores of students in pre-test and post-test measurements was found. There was a positive relationship between assertiveness and self-esteem. The course lasted 14 weeks for a total of 3 h per week. The teaching methods focused mostly on active student participation, demonstration, role play, experience and experience sharing, homework, constructive feedback, and watching films. These educational approaches should be evaluated in future studies and adopted in the curriculum. This study provides a basis for the development of learner-centred teaching methods. PMID:23343237

  3. Using Assertion Capabilities of an OWL-Based Ontology for Query Formulation

    CERN Document Server

    Munir, Kamran; Bloodsworth, Peter; McClatchey, Richard

    2008-01-01

    This paper reports on the development of a framework to assist users in formulating relational queries without requiring a complete knowledge of the information structure and access mechanisms to underlying data sources. The emphasis here is on exploiting the semantic relationships and assertion capabilities of OWL ontologies to assist clinicians in writing complex queries. This has been achieved using both a bottom-up and top-down approaches to build an ontology model to be the repository for complex end user queries. Relational database schemas are mapped into the newly generated ontology schema to reinforce the current domain ontology being developed. One of the key merits of this approach is that it does not require storing data interpretation, with the added advantage of even not storing database instances as part of the domain ontology, especially for systems with huge volume of data.

  4. Ontology Assisted Query Reformulation Using Semantic and Assertion Capabilities of OWL-DL Ontologies

    CERN Document Server

    Munir, Kamran; McClatchey, Richard

    2008-01-01

    End users of recent biomedical information systems are often unaware of the storage structure and access mechanisms of the underlying data sources and can require simplified mechanisms for writing domain specific complex queries. This research aims to assist users and their applications in formulating queries without requiring complete knowledge of the information structure of underlying data sources. To achieve this, query reformulation techniques and algorithms have been developed that can interpret ontology-based search criteria and associated domain knowledge in order to reformulate a relational query. These query reformulation algorithms exploit the semantic relationships and assertion capabilities of OWL-DL based domain ontologies for query reformulation. In this paper, this approach is applied to the integrated database schema of the EU funded Health-e-Child (HeC) project with the aim of providing ontology assisted query reformulation techniques to simplify the global access that is needed to millions ...

  5. Assertive outreach in Slovenia; identification of target group and goals of treatment in a new program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Furlan, Mirjana

    2009-09-01

    A team from the Rehabilitation unit of Ljubljana psychiatric clinic attended a course on community care in London in October and November 2005. Because we decided that the methods presented to us could be of great use in Slovenia where the Health system is lacking such services we decided to implement them after our return. Immediately after we returned we started to carry out our plan. We designated our target group which were patients who poorly participated in treatment or had multiple and severe difficulties functioning and retaining their progress after discharge. Our goals were to improve patient participation in treatment before and after discharge, less and shorter hospitalizations and better integration of patients into society. Initial results are very positive, which leaves me much hope for further implementation of assertive outreach and community care in Slovenia. PMID:19789482

  6. An analysis of the lateral void transfer mechanisms in the ASSERT subchannel code

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The current aim of this research is to conduct the verification of the hydraulic aspect of subchannel codes. The experiments were conducted on two laterally interconnected horizontal bundle type subchannels under adiabatic two-phase flow conditions. The two phase flow was a mixture of air and water initially having a different void fraction in each subchannel. The main parameters measured in the channels were: void fraction; liquid and gas mass flow rates; and, pressures. Since, in horizontal two-phase flow the mass exchanges between interconnected subchannels are greatly influenced by the relative position of the high void channel (denoted LV) with respect to the low void channel (denoted LV), the former channel has been rotated to different positions about the latter one. The experimental results are compared with the predictions of the ASSERT-4 (Version 1.5) subchannel code to ascertain how well they can be predicted. (8 refs., 8 figs.)

  7. Lamb Buddha’s Migrant Workers: Self-Assertion on China’s Urban Fringe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael Brian Griffiths

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents an analysis of the everyday practices of individuality among the migrant workers with whom I worked at “Lamb Buddha”, a hotpot restaurant in Anshan City, Liaoning Province, during the summer of 2007. The majority of the data comes from four young men, meaning that the analysis complements extant studies of Chinese female migrant workers by allowing male-gendered inflections of discourse prominence. The paper examines the internal structure of “symbolic boundaries” drawn and managed in judgements, positioning statements, and so forth, attempting to regress the modalities by which these migrants assert themselves, thus showing how individuality arises from a discursive environment structured by relation to similar peers and distinctly different others.

  8. Costs and outcome of assertive community treatment (ACT) in a rural area in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hastrup, Lene Halling; Aagaard, Jørgen

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: Health economic evidence of assertive community treatment (ACT) in Denmark is limited. The aim of the study was to assess the costs and outcome of ACT among 174 patients with severe and persistent mental illness in a rural area of Denmark. Methods: The study was based on a quasi......-experimental design with a control group from the neighbouring region. Costs and retention in mental health services were analysed by using register data 1 year before and 4 years after inclusion in the study. Data on the use of supportive housing were available for the year before baseline and the subsequent 2 years...... only. Results: Seventy eight percent of the patients receiving ACT were in contact with psychiatric services at the 4-year follow-up, while 69% of the patients in the control group had contact with psychiatric services (P < 0.17). Days in supportive housing were lower for the ACT group before baseline...

  9. Cognitive Adaptation Training combined with assertive community treatment: A Randomised Longitudinal Trial

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hounsgaard, Lise; Hansen, J. P.; Østergaard, B.;

    2012-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Cognitive adaptation training (CAT) targets the adaptive behaviour of patients with schizophrenia and has shown promising results regarding the social aspects of psychosocial treatment. As yet, no reports have appeared on the use of CAT in combination with assertive community treatment...... (ACT). Our purpose was to evaluate the effect of CAT in comparison with ACT, focusing on social functions (primary outcome), symptoms, relapse, re-hospitalisation, and quality of life of outpatients with schizophrenia. METHODS: The trial was a parallel, randomised, multicentre trial conducted in three...... centres treating patients with a first episode of schizophrenia disorder. A total of 62 outpatients diagnosed as having schizophrenia were randomly assigned to CAT+ACT or ACT alone. The CAT was conducted in the patient's home and included instruction in prompting for specific actions. The treatment lasted...

  10. Perceptions of coercion in the community: a qualitative study of patients in a Danish assertive community treatment team

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thøgersen, Marie Høgh; Morthorst, Britt; Nordentoft, Merete

    2010-01-01

    Assertive community treatment (ACT) has been claimed to be paternalistic and coercive, yet little is known about how patients experience the assertive aspects of ACT. To explore views on--and perceptions of--coercion of patients in Danish assertive community teams. In-depth interviews were...... central to perceptions of coercion. A collaborative and mutually trusting relationship, commitment, persistence and availability of staff, and recognition of the need for social support and help with everyday activities, were most important for counteracting such experiences. Perceptions of coercion were...... induce perceptions of coercion. ACT, with its engaged and committed staff with sufficient time, focusing on social and practical issues, is successful in facilitating such a contact, as experienced by patients....

  11. Perceptions of coercion in the community: a qualitative study of patients in a Danish assertive community treatment team

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thøgersen, Marie Høgh; Morthorst, Britt; Nordentoft, Merete

    2010-01-01

    Assertive community treatment (ACT) has been claimed to be paternalistic and coercive, yet little is known about how patients experience the assertive aspects of ACT. To explore views on--and perceptions of--coercion of patients in Danish assertive community teams. In-depth interviews were conduc...... induce perceptions of coercion. ACT, with its engaged and committed staff with sufficient time, focusing on social and practical issues, is successful in facilitating such a contact, as experienced by patients....... central to perceptions of coercion. A collaborative and mutually trusting relationship, commitment, persistence and availability of staff, and recognition of the need for social support and help with everyday activities, were most important for counteracting such experiences. Perceptions of coercion were...... not emphasised in patients' account of their engagement with ACT, and generally only related to patients' initial contact with ACT staff. The study suggests that developing mental health practices that enhance the formation of a therapeutic relationship with patients will minimize circumstances that...

  12. Investigation of coolant thermal mixing within 28-element CANDU fuel bundles using the ASSERT-PV thermal hydraulics code

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper presents the results of a study of the thermal mixing of single-phase coolant in 28-element CANDU fuel bundles under steady-state conditions. The study, which is based on simulations performed using the ASSERT-PV thermal hydraulic code, consists of two main parts. In the first part the various physical mechanisms that contribute to coolant mixing are identified and their impact is isolated via ASSERT-PV simulations. The second part is concerned with development of a preliminary model suitable for use in the fuel and fuel channel code FACTAR to predict the thermal mixing that occurs between flow annuli. (author)

  13. Synthèse de moniteurs asynchrones à partir d'assertions temporelles pour la surveillance robuste de circuits synchrones

    OpenAIRE

    Porcher, Alexandre

    2012-01-01

    With the advent of complex integrated systems, the assertion based verification(ABV) has emerged as a solution for the semi-formal circuits verification. The ABV is used to validate that a circuit satisfies a property(or assertion). Previous work has shown that it is possible to synthesize these properties in the form of hardware monitors. These can then be embeddded permanantly on a circuit so that they provide monitoring task. With a goal of security and surveillance, the use of such monito...

  14. Drug assertiveness and sexual risk-taking behavior in a sample of HIV-positive, methamphetamine-using men who have sex with men

    OpenAIRE

    Semple, Shirley J.; Strathdee, Steffanie A; Zians, Jim; McQuaid, John R.; PATTERSON, THOMAS L.

    2011-01-01

    Drug assertiveness skills have been demonstrated effective in reducing substance use behaviors among patients with alcohol- or heroin-use disorders. This study examined the association between drug assertiveness and methamphetamine use, psychological factors, and sexual risk behaviors in a sample of 250 HIV-positive men who have sex with men (MSM) enrolled in a safer sex intervention in San Diego, CA. Less assertiveness in turning down drugs was associated with greater frequency and larger am...

  15. Run-Time Assertion Checking of Data- and Protocol-Oriented Properties of Java Programs: An Industrial Case Study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gouw, C.P.T. de; Boer, F.S. de; Johnsen, E.B.; Kohn, A.; Wong, P.Y.H.

    2014-01-01

    Run-time assertion checking is one of the useful techniques for detecting faults, and can be applied during any program execution context, including debugging, testing, and production. In general, however, it is limited to checking state-based properties. We introduce SAGA, a general framework that

  16. Validation of the ASSERT subchannel code: Prediction of critical heat flux in standard and nonstandard CANDU bundle geometries

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The ASSERT code has been developed to address the three-dimensional computation of flow and phase distribution and fuel element surface temperatures within the horizontal subchannels of Canada uranium deuterium (CANDU) pressurized heavy water reactor fuel channels and to provide a detailed prediction of critical heat flux (CHF) distribution throughout the bundle. The ASSERT subchannel code has been validated extensively against a wide repertoire of experiments; its combination of three-dimensional prediction of local flow conditions with a comprehensive method of predicting CHF at these local conditions makes it a unique tool for predicting CHF for situations outside the existing experimental database. In particular, ASSERT is an appropriate tool to systematically investigate CHF under conditions of local geometric variations, such as pressure tube creep and fuel element strain. The numerical methodology used in ASSERT, the constitutive relationships incorporated, and the CHF assessment methodology are discussed. The evolutionary validation plan is also discussed and early validation exercises are summarized. More recent validation exercises in standard and nonstandard geometries are emphasized

  17. Simulation of the distribution of flow and phases in vertical and horizontal bundles using the ASSERT-4 subchannel code

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    ASSERT-4 is a subchannel code based on the non-equilibrium equations of two-fluid flow. The paper briefly describes the equations and constitutive models used in the code, and reviews a number of validation exercises in which code results were compared to measurements in vertical and horizontal two-phase flows. (orig.)

  18. Targeting Interventions: Moderators of the Effects of Expressive Writing and Assertiveness Training on the Adjustment of International University Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hijazi, Alaa M.; Tavakoli, Shedeh; Slavin-Spenny, Olga M.; Lumley, Mark A.

    2011-01-01

    Acculturative stress is a common experience for international students and is associated with psychological and physical problems. In a previous study (Tavakoli "et al. Journal of Counseling Psychology 56":590-596, "2009"), the authors reported that two stress reduction interventions--expressive writing (EW) and assertiveness training (AT)--had…

  19. A numerical study of the influence of the void drift model on the predictions of the assert subchannel code

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    One of the factors which is important in order to ensure the continued safe operation of nuclear reactors is the ability to accurately predict the 'Critical Heat Flux' (CHF) throughout the rod bundles in the fuel channel. One method currently used by the Canadian nuclear industry to predict the CHF in the fuel bundles of CANDU reactors is to use the ASSERT subchannel code to predict the local thermal-hydraulic conditions prevailing at each axial location in each subchannel in conjunction with appropriate correlations or the CHF look-up table. The successful application of the above methods depends greatly on the ability of ASSERT to accurately predict the local flow conditions throughout the fuel channel. In this paper, full range qualitative verification tests, using the ASSERT subchannel code are presented which show the influence of the void drift model on the predictions of the local subchannel quality. For typical cases using a 7 rod subset of a full 37 element rod bundle taken from the ASSERT validation database, it will be shown that the void drift term can significantly influence the calculated distribution of the quality in the rod bundle. In order to isolate, as much as possible, the influence of the void drift term this first numerical study is carried out with the rod bundle oriented both vertically and horizontally. Subsequently, additional numerical experiments will be presented which show the influence that the void drift model has on the predicted CHF locations. (author)

  20. Self-Consciousness and Assertiveness as Explanatory Variables of L2 Oral Ability: A Latent Variable Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ockey, Gary

    2011-01-01

    Drawing on current theories in personality, second-language (L2) oral ability, and psychometrics, this study investigates the extent to which self-consciousness and assertiveness are explanatory variables of L2 oral ability. Three hundred sixty first-year Japanese university students who were studying English as a foreign language participated in…

  1. Validation of the assert subchannel code: Prediction of CHF in standard and non-standard Candu bundle geometries

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The ASSERT code has been developed to address the three-dimensional computation of flow and phase distribution and fuel element surface temperatures within the horizontal subchannels of CANDU PHWR fuel channels, and to provide a detailed prediction of critical heat flux (CHF) distribution throughout the bundle. The ASSERT subchannel code has been validated extensively against a wide repertoire of experiments; its combination of three-dimensional prediction of local flow conditions with a comprehensive method of prediting CHF at these local conditions, makes it a unique tool for predicting CHF for situations outside the existing experimental data base. In particular, ASSERT is an appropriate tool to systematically investigate CHF under conditions of local geometric variations, such as pressure tube creep and fuel element strain. This paper discusses the numerical methodology used in ASSERT, the constitutive relationships incorporated, and the CHF assessment methodology. The evolutionary validation plan is discussed, and early validation exercises are summarized. The paper concentrates, however, on more recent validation exercises in standard and non-standard geometries

  2. Validation of the ASSERT subchannel code for prediction of CHF in standard and non-standard CANDU bundle geometries

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The ASSERT code has been developed to address the three-dimensional computation of flow and phase distribution and fuel element surface temperatures within the horizontal subchannels of CANDU PHWR fuel channels, and to provide a detailed prediction of critical heat flux distribution throughout the bundle. The ASSERT subchannel code has been validated extensively against a wide repertoire of experiments; its combination of three-dimensional prediction of local flow conditions with a comprehensive method of predicting critical heat flux (CHF) at these local conditions makes it a unique tool for predicting CHF for situations outside the existing experimental data base. In particular, ASSERT is the only tool available to systematically investigate CHF under conditions of local geometric variations, such as pressure tube creep and fuel element strain. This paper discusses the numerical methodology used in ASSERT, the constitutive relationships incorporated, and the CHF assessment methodology. The evolutionary validation plan is discussed, and early validation exercises are summarized. The paper concentrates, however, on more recent validation exercises in standard and non-standard geometries. 28 refs., 12 figs

  3. 22 CFR 40.25 - Certain aliens involved in serious criminal activity who have asserted immunity from prosecution...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Certain aliens involved in serious criminal activity who have asserted immunity from prosecution. 40.25 Section 40.25 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE VISAS REGULATIONS PERTAINING TO BOTH NONIMMIGRANTS AND IMMIGRANTS UNDER THE IMMIGRATION AND NATIONALITY ACT, AS AMENDED Criminal and...

  4. The representatives of the various intersubchannel transfer mechanisms and their effects on the predictions of the ASSERT-4 subchannel code

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this paper, effects of that the constitutive relations used to represent some of the intersubchannel transfer mechanisms have on the predictions of the ASSERT-4 subchannel code for horizontal flows are examined. In particular the choices made in the representation of the gravity driven phase separation phenomena, which is unique to the horizontal fuel channel arrangement seen in CANDU reactors, are analyzed. This is done by comparing the predictions of the ASSERT-4 subchannel code with experimental data on void fraction, mass flow rate, and pressure drop obtained for two horizontal interconnected subchannels. ASSERT-4, the subchannel code used by the Canadian nuclear industry, uses an advanced drift flux model which permits departure from both thermal and mechanical equilibrium between the phases to be accurately modeled. In particular ASSERT-4 contains models for the buoyancy effects which cause phase separation between adjacent subchannels in horizontal flows. This feature, which is of great importance in the subchannel analysis of CANDU reactors, is implemented in the constitutive relationship for the relative velocity required by the conservation equations. In order to, as much as is physically possible, isolate different inter-subchannel transfer mechanisms, three different subchannel orientations are analyzed. These are: the two subchannels at the same elevation, the high void subchannel below the low void subchannel, and the high void subchannel above the low void subchannel. It is observed that for all three subchannel orientations ASSERT-4 does a reasonably good job of predicting the experimental trends. However, certain modifications to the representation of the gravitational phase separation effects which seem to improve the overall predictions are suggested. (author). 12 refs., 12 figs

  5. Patient experiences of autonomy and coercion while receiving legal leverage in forensic assertive community treatment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lamberti, J Steven; Russ, Ann; Cerulli, Catherine; Weisman, Robert L; Jacobowitz, David; Williams, Geoffrey C

    2014-01-01

    Legal leverage is broadly defined as the use of legal authority to promote treatment adherence. It is widely utilized within mental health courts, drug courts, mandated outpatient treatment programs, and other intervention strategies for individuals with mental illness or chemical dependency who have contact with the criminal justice system. Nonetheless, the ethics of using legal authority to promote treatment adherence remains a hotly debated issue within public and professional circles alike. While critics characterize legal leverage as a coercive form of social control that undermines personal autonomy, advocates contend that it supports autonomy because treatment strategies using legal leverage are designed to promote health and independence. Despite the controversy, there is little evidence regarding the impact of legal leverage on patient autonomy as experienced and expressed by patients themselves. This report presents findings from a qualitative study involving six focus groups with severely mentally ill outpatients who received legal leverage through three forensic assertive community treatment (FACT) programs in Northeastern, Midwestern, and West Coast cities. Findings are discussed in the context of the self-determination theory of human motivation, and practical implications for the use of legal leverage are considered. PMID:24914490

  6. Adaptation and Validation of the Sexual Assertiveness Scale (SAS) in a Sample of Male Drug Users.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vallejo-Medina, Pablo; Sierra, Juan Carlos

    2015-01-01

    The aim of the present study was to adapt and validate the Sexual Assertiveness Scale (SAS) in a sample of male drug users. A sample of 326 male drug users and 322 non-clinical males was selected by cluster sampling and convenience sampling, respectively. Results showed that the scale had good psychometric properties and adequate internal consistency reliability (Initiation = .66, Refusal = .74 and STD-P = .79). An evaluation of the invariance showed strong factor equivalence between both samples. A high and moderate effect of Differential Item Functioning was only found in items 1 and 14 (∆R 2 Nagelkerke = .076 and .037, respectively). We strongly recommend not using item 1 if the goal is to compare the scores of both groups, otherwise the comparison will be biased. Correlations obtained between the CSFQ-14 and the safe sex ratio and the SAS subscales were significant (CI = 95%) and indicated good concurrent validity. Scores of male drug users were similar to those of non-clinical males. Therefore, the adaptation of the SAS to drug users provides enough guarantees for reliable and valid use in both clinical practice and research, although care should be taken with item 1. PMID:25896498

  7. "You Don't Have to Like Me, but You Have to Respect Me": The Impacts of Assertiveness, Cooperativeness, and Group Satisfaction in Collaborative Assignments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lambertz-Berndt, Megan M.; Blight, Michael G.

    2016-01-01

    This study investigates cooperativeness, assertiveness, group satisfaction, leader grade, and leadership negotiation in a collaborative assignment conducted in a small group. Researchers manipulated the assignment of team members who reported on measures of group satisfaction and original scales of assertiveness and cooperativeness. Respondents…

  8. Sequence Learning Under Uncertainty in Children: Self-reflection vs. Self-Assertion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christiane eLange-Küttner

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available We know that stochastic feedback impairs children’s associative stimulus-response (S-R learning (Crone, Jennigs, & Van der Molen, 2004a; Eppinger, Mock, & Kray, 2009, but the impact of stochastic feedback on sequence learning that involves deductive reasoning has not been not tested so far. In the current study, 8- to 11-year-old children (N = 171 learned a sequence of four left and right button presses, LLRR, RRLL, LRLR, RLRL, LRRL and RLLR, that needed to be deduced from feedback because no directional cues were given. One group of children experienced consistent feedback only (deterministic feedback, 100% correct. In this condition, green feedback on the screen indicated that the children had been right when they were right, and red feedback indicated that the children had been wrong when they were wrong. Another group of children experienced inconsistent feedback (stochastic feedback, 85% correct, 15% false, where in some trials, green feedback on the screen could signal that children were right when in fact they were wrong, and red feedback could indicate that they were wrong when in fact they had been right. Independently of age, children’s sequence learning in the stochastic condition was initially much lower than in the deterministic condition, but increased gradually and improved with practice. Responses towards positive vs. negative feedback varied with age. Children were increasingly able to understand that they could have been wrong when feedback indicated they were right (self-reflection, but they remained unable to understand that they could have been right when feedback indicated they were wrong (self-assertion.

  9. Chinese Maritime Assertiveness towards the East and South China Sea Disputes – A question of Regional Security Dynamics

    OpenAIRE

    Nilsen, Aurora Eck; Gill, Tina Sundree Lauge

    2013-01-01

    This report seeks to update the analysis conducted by Barry Buzan and Ole Wæver of the East Asian Regional Security Complex (RSC) in 2003. It argues for the relevance of doing so based in an observation of increased Chinese assertiveness in relation to its disputed territorial and maritime claims in the East and South China Sea disputes, especially evident within the timeframe dating from 2012 to the spring of 2013. Combining this observation with the expectations of Buzan ...

  10. INFERIORITY COMPLEX AND ASSERTIVENESS AMONG UG STUDENTS STUDIED IN ENGLISH th AND VERNACULAR LANGUAGE IN 12 STANDARD.

    OpenAIRE

    S. Shalini

    2014-01-01

    The present paper focused on the aspects of inferiority complex and assertiveness among students .By participating in student life, students realize their abilities and creativity. But some students develop inferiority complex in their life. The problem of Inferiority complex among adolescents is becoming increasingly alarming. Teenage years are the prime years of bearing the burden of inferiority feelings. This study was done to assess the inferiority complex ( measured b...

  11. The Effectiveness of Assertiveness Training on the Levels of Stress, Anxiety, and Depression of High School Students

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    Background: Adolescence is a transition period from childhood to early adulthood. Because of the immense pressure imposed on adolescents due to the complications and ambiguities of this transition, their level of excitement increases and sometimes it appears in the form of sensitivity and intense excitement. Objectives: This study aimed at determining the effectiveness of assertiveness training on the levels of stress, anxiety, and depression of high school students. Materials and Methods: Th...

  12. FEMALE = SUBMISSIVE and MALE = ASSERTIVE Sexuality-priming leads to gender-based self-perception and automatic behavior

    OpenAIRE

    Hundhammer, Tanja

    2008-01-01

    Sexuality is a domain in which gender stereotypes thrive. A cultural standard for the sexual experience and expression of women and men prescribes different gender roles in sexuality. Women�s sexual role is submissive and tender, men�s assertive and dominant. These sexual roles reflect the stereotypical view of women as more communal and men as more agentic. If gender stereotypes and sexual roles are activated by sexuality cues, this may have consequences for subsequent thought and behavior. ...

  13. Targeting Interventions: Moderators of the Effects of Expressive Writing and Assertiveness Training on the Adjustment of International University Students

    OpenAIRE

    Hijazi, Alaa M.; Tavakoli, Shedeh; Slavin-Spenny, Olga M.; Lumley, Mark A.

    2011-01-01

    Acculturative stress is a common experience for international students and is associated with psychological and physical problems. In a previous study, the authors reported that two stress reduction interventions—expressive writing (EW) and assertiveness training (AT)—had limited overall benefits among international students at an American University. The current analyses of data from that study investigated whether individual differences moderated the effects of EW and AT. Results indicate t...

  14. Predictions of Critical Heat Flux Using the ASSERT-PV Subchannel Code for a CANFLEX Variant Bundle

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The ASSERT-PV subchannel code developed by AECL has been applied as a design-assist tool to the advanced CANDU1 reactor fuel bundle. Based primarily on the CANFLEX2 fuel bundle, several geometry changes (such as element sizes and pitchcircle diameters of various element rings) were examined to optimize the dryout power and pressure-drop performances of the new fuel bundle. An experiment was performed to obtain dryout power measurements for verification of the ASSERT-PV code predictions. It was carried out using an electrically heated, Refrigerant-134a cooled, fuel bundle string simulator. The axial power profile of the simulator was uniform, while the radial power profile of the element rings was varied simulating profiles in bundles with various fuel compositions and burn-ups. Dryout power measurements are predicted closely using the ASSERT-PV code, particularly at low flows and low pressures, but are overpredicted at high flows and high pressures. The majority of data shows that dryout powers are underpredicted at low inlet-fluid temperatures but overpredicted at high inlet-fluid temperatures

  15. The Investigation of relation between elementary school second grade students’ self-esteem, different skills and assertiveness levels

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hakan Sarıçam

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to examine the relation among the self esteem, different abilility levels and assertiveness levels of second grade primary education. An investigation has been done on over 180 students, chosen randomly, from the primary education schools of Erzurum MEB in accordance with the purpose of this study. Information Form, Rosenberg Self-Esteem Inventory, Basic Aptitude Test 6-8 and Rathus Assertiveness Inventory were used. SPSS 15.0/WINDOWS programme was used for data analysis. ‘t test’ was used for determine the difference among the groups and ‘Pearson Moment Correlation Analysis’ was used for determine correlation among variables. In this study different abilities were examined in the subhead of Language ability, The Ability of Reasoning, Numerical Ability, and General Ability. It was found in this study that there is a meaningful relation between Sef-Esttem and Language ability, The Ability of Reasoning, Numerical Ability, General Ability, Assertiveness. In the view of the preceding findings, and in the scope of academic success this study is discussed and leads other investigations and applications.

  16. The Effectiveness of Social Skills Training by Cognitive-Behavioral Group in the Increase of Girls’ Self-Esteem and Assertiveness with Addicted Parents

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maryam Esmaeili

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Objective: The aim of the study was the survey of social skills training by cognitive behavioral group in the increase of girls’ self-esteem and assertiveness with addicted parents in Isfahan. Method: 20 students with addicted parents who had the lowest rate of assertiveness were selected by semi-experimental method in third to fifth grades. Randomly research projects pre-test-post-test control group. Questionnaire to measure assertiveness and assertiveness Gmbryl and Richie Esteem Questionnaire to measure students' self-esteem was used. After the pre-test training program assertiveness over 10 weeks, each week, one session, lasting from one hour and half and at the end of the test was performed after 40 days in both groups re-testing were results using software spss case were analyzed by descriptive statistical methods and two-factor analysis of variance with repeated measures on one factor was used. Results: The results showed that participants in the program and self-assertiveness therapy increased. These results were confirmed in a follow up phase. Conclusion: the training of social skills speeds up assertiveness and self-esteem of students.

  17. Improving the Physical Health Monitoring of City & Hackney Assertive Outreach Service Patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akyuz, Elvan; Jain, Amit; Phelan, Declan; Gupta, Susham

    2016-01-01

    Improving physical healthcare to reduce premature mortality in people with SMI (Serious Mental Illness) is a priority for ELFT (East London NHS Foundation Trust) and NHS England. It is well know that people with schizophrenia have a life expectancy which is approximately 20% shorter than that of the general population and a substantial mortality difference exists between people with schizophrenia and the general community.[1-2] Among other risk factors, such as poor diet, physical inactivity, and high rates of smoking, the iatrogenic effects of anti-psychotic medications have been found to increase the risk of metabolic syndrome. This can easily be detected through regular monitoring. Through this project, it was our aim to improve the physical health monitoring of City & Hackney Assertive Outreach Service (AOS) patients with a view to decrease mortality rate, increase life expectancy, increase the quality of life, and reduce harm from medication. This was done using quality improvement methods, including several change ideas, each of which started sequentially over the course of a nine month period from November 2014. Following QI methodology, this utilised cycles of iterative learning using PDSA methods and was supported by the Trust's extensive programme of quality improvement, including training provided by the Institute for Healthcare Improvement. The project involved setting a specific aim which was improving the physical health monitoring of AOS patients to 80% by July 2015 and for our patients to have physical health checks (blood tests, weight, ECG, BP) as a minimum annually. From baseline measurements of between 50-75%, we reached our target of 80% for weight, BP and blood tests monitoring, with 89%, 91%, and 84% achieved respectively by July 2015. Further progress still needs to be made on ECGs, with 77% achieved by July 2015, although the monitoring of ECG nearly doubled from 39% in November 2014 to 77% in July 2015. This project demonstrated that

  18. Propiedades psicom??tricas de la versi??n espa??ola de la Sexual Assertiveness Scale (SAS)

    OpenAIRE

    Sierra Freire, Juan Carlos; Vallejo-Medina, Pablo; Santos-Iglesias, Pablo

    2011-01-01

    La asertividad sexual se refiere a la capacidad de las personas para iniciar la actividad sexual, rechazar la actividad sexual no deseada y emplear m??todos anticonceptivos, desarrollando comportamientos saluda- bles. La Sexual Assertiveness Scale (SAS) es una escala de 18 ??tems que eval??a tres dimensiones: Inicio, Rechazo y Prevenci??n Embarazo-ETS (E-ETS). En este estudio 853 personas contestaron la SAS, junto a una bater??a de ins- trumentos afines. La puntuaci??n media de los ??tems ha ...

  19. Self-denial and self-assertion in some plays of Thomas kilroy: The Madame MacAdam Travelling Theatre

    OpenAIRE

    Hayley, Barbara

    2012-01-01

    Thomas Kilroy has always been preoccupied with the notion of self-denial as the only way in which certain personalities can assert themselves. His latest play, The Madame MacAdam Travelling Theatre , is the most subtle and disturbing of his expressions of this phenomenon, calling upon the resources, illusions and dislocations of Jacobean drama to examine it. Earlier works prepare the ground for it. Talbot’s Box, first performed at the Peacock Theatre, Dublin, on 13 October 1977, holds such a ...

  20. Rediscovering The Great Chichimeca: Regional Assertiveness and Social Anthropology in the Rehabilitation of a Mexican Ethnic Plurality

    OpenAIRE

    Tomé, Pedro

    2010-01-01

    For centuries Mexicans have used the term “Chichimeca” as a synonym for “Barbarian” or “Savage.” However, in the past decades a deeper understanding of the Chichimeca peoples —largely affected by a political assertiveness of the regions in Mexico— has resulted in a fresh reconstruction of the memory of the Spanish conquest and, thereby, of the view of these peoples. To a unexpected extent, social anthropology —particularly, the “Seminario Permanente de Estudios de la Gran Chichimeca” (SPECH),...

  1. Impact of bundle deformation on CHF: ASSERT-PV assessment of extended burnup Bruce B bundle G85159W

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper presents a subchannel thermalhydraulic analysis of the effect on critical heat flux (CHF) of bundle deformation such as element bow and diametral creep. The bundle geometry is based on the post-irradiation examination (PIE) data of a single bundle from the Bruce B Nuclear Generating Station, Bruce B bundle G85159W, which was irradiated for more than two years in the core during reactor commissioning. The subchannel code ASSERT-PV IST is used to assess changes in CHF and dryout power due to bundle deformation, compared to the reference, undeformed bundle. (author)

  2. Effects of Mentoring and Assertiveness Training on Adolescents¡¯ Self-Esteem in Lagos State Secondary Schools

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    The study investigated the effects of Mentoring and Assertiveness Training on Adolescents¡¯ self-esteem in Lagos State secondary schools. A total of 96 adolescents (48males and 48 females) drawn from three public schools randomly selected from three Education Districts in Lagos State constituted the final sample. The dependent variables for this study were self-worth and gender. Descriptive survey and quasi-experimental design using the pre-test post-test control group design were adopted for...

  3. Relaciones interpersonales adecuadas mediante una comunicación y conducta asertivas / Adequate human relationships through an assertive conducts and communication

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Naranjo Pereira, María Luisa

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available Resumen: Este artículo trata sobre la comunicación y la conducta asertivas como habilidades sociales, las cuales pueden ser desarrolladas y, de esta forma, mejorar el desempeño en las relaciones interpersonales. Se presentan diversas concepciones teóricas acerca de la asertividad, entendida básicamente como autoafirmación personal, la capacidad de respetar los derechos propios y los ajenos, y poder expresar de manera apropiada los sentimientos y pensamientos sin producir angustia o agresividad. Se estudian las características principales que definen y distinguen los comportamientos asertivos de aquellos que no lo son. Se analizan algunos de los principales estilos empleados por las personas para enfrentar las distintas situaciones de la vida, entre ellos el agresivo, el manipulador, el pasivo y el asertivo. Asimismo, se analiza la vinculación existente entre las dificultades que muestran algunas personas para comunicarse efectivamente y manifestar una conducta adecuada, y los problemas en la autoimagen y la autoestima de estas. Se comentan diversas creencias, pensamientos, derechos y principios asociados con las conductas asertivas y no asertivas. Finalmente, se hace referencia al campo educativo y la relación entre asertividad y adolescencia.Abstract:This paper deals with the assertive conducts and communication as social skills, so it is possible to develop and improve the performance in human relationships. There are many theoretical conceptions about assertively; it can be understood basically as the ability to express thoughts and feelings keeping the aggression and the anguish out. The main characteristic that defines the assertive and non-assertive behaviors are analyzed.Some of the main styles that the people uses to approach life such as the aggressive, the passive, the manipulative and the assertive, are studied. It also analyzes some of the challenges for the use of assertive conducts and communication and those are related

  4. An investigation of the constitutive relations for intersubchannel transfer mechanisms in horizontal flows as applied in the ASSERT-4 subchannel code

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this paper, the influence that the constitutive relations used to represent some of the intersubchannel transfer mechanisms has on the predictions of the ASSERT-4 subchannel code for horizontal flows is examined. In particular the choices made in the representation of the gravity driven phase separation phenomena are analyzed. This is done by comparing the predictions of the ASSERT subchannel code with experimental data on void fraction and mass flow rate, obtained for two horizontal interconnected subchannels. ASSERT uses a drift flux model which allows the two phases to have different velocities. In particular ASSERT contains models for the buoyancy effects which cause phase separation between adjacent subchannels in horizontal flows. This feature, which is of great importance in the subchannel analysis of CANDU reactors, is implemented in the constitutive relationship for the relative velocity. In order to isolate different intersubchannel transfer mechanisms, three different subchannel orientations are analyzed. These are the two subchannels at the same elevation, the high void subchannel below the low void subchannel, and the high void subchannel above the low void subchannel. It is observed that for all three subchannel orientations ASSERT does a reasonably good job of predicting the experimental trends. However, certain modifications to the representation of the gravitational phase separation effects which seem to improve the overall predictions are suggested. ((orig.))

  5. Mothers' power assertion; children's negative, adversarial orientation; and future behavior problems in low-income families: early maternal responsiveness as a moderator of the developmental cascade.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Sanghag; Kochanska, Grazyna

    2015-02-01

    Parental power assertion, a key dimension of family environment, generally sets in motion detrimental developmental cascades; however, evidence suggests that other qualities of parenting, such as responsiveness, can significantly moderate those processes. Mechanisms that account for such moderating effects are not fully understood. We propose a conceptual model of processes linking parental power assertion, parental responsiveness, children's negative, adversarial, rejecting orientation toward the parent, and behavior problems. We test that model in a short-term longitudinal design involving 186 low-income, ethnically diverse mothers and their toddlers. When children were 30 months, the dyads were observed in multiple, lengthy, naturalistic laboratory interactions to assess behaviorally mothers' responsiveness and their power-assertive control style. At 33 months, we observed behavioral indicators of children's negative, adversarial, rejecting orientation toward the mothers in several naturalistic and standardized paradigms. At 40 months, mothers rated children's behavior problems. The proposed moderated mediation sequence, tested using a new approach, PROCESS (Hayes, 2013), was supported. The indirect effect from maternal power assertion to children's negative, adversarial orientation to future behavior problems was present when mothers' responsiveness was either low or average but absent when mothers were highly responsive. This study elucidates a potential process that may link parental power assertion with behavior problems and highlights how positive aspects of parenting can moderate this process and defuse maladaptive developmental cascades. It also suggests possible targets for parenting intervention and prevention efforts. PMID:25401483

  6. Assertion based verification methodology for HDL designs of primary sodium pump speed and eddy current flow measurement systems of PFBR

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    With the growing complexity and size of digital designs, functional verification has become a huge challenge. The validation and testing process accounts for a significant percentage of the overall development effort and cost for electronic systems. Many studies have shown that up to 70% of the design development time and resources are spent on functional verification. Functional errors manifest themselves very early in the design flow, and unless they are detected upfront, they can result in severe consequences - both financially and from a safety viewpoint. This paper covers the various types of verification methodologies and focuses on Assertion Based Verification Methodology for HDL designs, taking as case studies, the Primary Sodium Pump Speed and Eddy Current Flow Measurement Systems of PFBR. (author)

  7. Razlike v asertivnem vedenju med študentkami zdravstvene nege in študentkami drugih fakultet: a comparative study: Differences of assertive behavior among female nursing students and female students of other faculties: primerjalna študija:

    OpenAIRE

    Ličen, Sabina; Plazar, Nadja

    2013-01-01

    Introduction: The aim of the study was to determine whether the nursing students are equally assertive as students of other faculties of the University of Primorska and the European Faculty of Law in Nova Gorica and whether assertiveness among students increases with age. Nursing has been considered to be a typical female profession where nurses function as nurturers, comforters and care providers. The assertive behaviour among nurses was accordingly considered less pronounced than in other p...

  8. The Scale for Interpersonal Behaviour and the Wolpe-Lazarus Assertiveness Scale : a correlational comparison in a non-clinical sample

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Arrindell, W A; Sanderman, R.; Ranchor, A.

    1990-01-01

    Despite an explosive proliferation af assertion measures, a hiatus has been observed by several authors to establish the psychometric adequacy of existing intstruments. In order to expand the construct validity of the Scale for Interpersonal Behaviour (SIB) further, its (sub)scale components of dist

  9. Assessing the Effects of a "Personal Effectiveness" Training on Psychological Capital, Assertiveness and Self-Awareness Using Self-Other Agreement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Demerouti, Evangelia; van Eeuwijk, Erik; Snelder, Margriet; Wild, Ulrike

    2011-01-01

    Purpose: This study seeks to examine the effects of a "personal effectiveness" training on both assertiveness and Psychological Capital (PsyCap) that were monitored before and after the training. Design/methodology/approach: In addition to self-ratings, other-ratings were assembled to explore two ways in which they can contribute to the monitoring…

  10. [Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and Assertive Community Treatment Reduces Days in Hospital and Delays Hospital Admission in Severe Psychotic Disorders].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Müller, H; Haag, I; Jessen, F; Kim, E H; Klaus, J; Konkol, C; Bechdolf, A

    2016-02-01

    The primary aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of integrated home treatment (IV, i. e. intensive cognitive behavioral therapy and pharmacotherapy provided within a framework of assertive community treatment) in individuals with severe mental disorders (n = 13) within the German healthcare system. A treatment-as-usual group (TAU, n = 13) was identified by propensity score matching. Symptoms (CGI), functioning (GAF) and service engagement (SES) were assessed. Quality of life (MSLQ-R) was rated by the IV patients. A reduction of days spent in hospital [IV: 2.3 (6.1); TAU: 33.6 (53.6); Z = 45; p = 0.044], time to admission (IV: 384 days 95 % CI 309 - 459.1; TAU: 234.9 days 95 % CI 127.2 - 342.5; log rank: Chi-square = 4.31, p methodological limitation is that symptom ratings were not performed by independent and blinded raters. PMID:26953546

  11. Evaluation of ASSERT-PV V3R1 void fraction predictions against the OECD/NEA BFBT benchmark data

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The subchannel code ASSERT, developed by Atomic Energy of Canada Limited, is assessed against the steady-state void fraction cases from the OECD/NEA BFBT benchmark. Preliminary void fraction predictions from 84 BWR bundle tests were compared to experimentally reported values, and 45.2% of the simulated data fell within the reported experimental error. Overall, the code was able to predict the void fraction to within ±0.10 of the experimental value about 95% of the time, although calculations of the corner subchannels were not as accurate, falling within ±0.10 of the experimental value only 69.3% of the time. An analysis of four isolated cases suggested that the code over predicts the void fraction in the corner and side channels for cases at low pressure (∼1.0 MPa). A sensitivity analysis on one case demonstrated that the boundary condition uncertainties could affect the void fraction by up to 0.026. Accounting for the boundary condition uncertainties in this case increased the number of subchannel predictions falling within experimental error from 34 to 46. Additionally it was determined that for the case examined the boundary condition uncertainty most significantly affected the central subchannel void fraction prediction. (author)

  12. Hospital utilization outcome of an assertive outreach model for schizophrenic patients - results of a quasi-experimental study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Büchtemann, Dorothea; Kästner, Denise; Warnke, Ingeborg; Radisch, Jeanett; Baumgardt, Johanna; Giersberg, Steffi; Kleine-Budde, Katja; Moock, Jörn; Kawohl, Wolfram; Rössler, Wulf

    2016-07-30

    We assessed whether an Assertive Outreach (AO) program for patients with schizophrenia implemented in German routine care in rural areas reduces psychiatric hospital admissions and/or psychiatric hospital days. We conducted a quasi-experimental controlled study with 5 assessments in 12 months. Data collection included health care utilization (Client Sociodemographic and Service Receipt Inventory), and clinical parameters. The assessments took place in the practices of the psychiatrists. Admission incidence rates were calculated. For bivariate group comparison, we used U-tests, T-tests and Chi(2)-Tests, multivariate analysis was conducted using zero-inflated regression models. For hospital outcomes, data of 295 patients was analysed. No statistically significant differences between AO and TAU patients in terms of hospital admissions or hospital days were found. Overall hospital utilization was low (8%). Advantages of AO over TAU referring to hospital utilization were not found. However, a spill-over effect might have reduced hospital utilization in both groups. Further research should differentiate patient subgroups. These two appear to be key factors to explain effects or absence of effects and to draw conclusions for the mental health care delivery. PMID:27208511

  13. Development of a Medication Monitoring System for an Integrated Multidisciplinary Program of Assertive Community Treatment (IMPACT Team

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicole B. Washington, DO, Assistant Professor

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: The primary goal was to improve medication management oversight for a severely mentally ill (SMI community-based population by developing a medication monitoring system based on current guidelines to optimize pharmacotherapy and minimize potential medication-related adverse effects. The secondary goal was improvement in coordination of care between healthcare providers. Methods: Guidelines for medication used for psychiatric indications were reviewed. A database of medication for psychiatric indications with monitoring recommendation was developed. Results: Medication regimens for 68 members of the Integrated Multidisciplinary Program of Assertive Community Treatment (IMPACT program qualified for review. Fourteen medications, carbamazepine, chlorpromazine, clozapine, fluphenazine and fluphenazine long-acting injections (LAI, haloperidol and haloperidol LAI, lithium, lurasidone, olanzapine, paliperidone and paliperidone LAI, perphenazine, quetiapine, risperidone and risperidone LAI, valproic acid/divalproex, and ziprasidone, were identified. In total, 111 medications are used on a monthly basis. Each member receives more than one medication qualifying for review. Additional monitoring parameters that were evaluated included changes in laboratory orders for members with insulin-dependent diabetes. Annual lipid panels were changed to every 6 months, if applicable. Conclusions and Future Directions: This medication monitoring program was developed to help ensure IMPACT members receive the most effective care and minimize potential medication-related adverse effects. The secondary goal was to improve coordination of care. Medication monitoring will be added as a continuous quality assurance measure. Lab results will be reviewed at least monthly. The medication monitoring program will be evaluated annually.

  14. Assertive Community Treatment (ACT)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... services—including both ER visits and inpatient hospitalizations—ACT team members are also well-connected with local hospitals and have the ability to work with hospital and emergency room staff. ACT teams ...

  15. From Stigma to Assertion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Denne antologi indeholder otte bidrag af antropologer, historikere og religionsforskere til belysning af fortidens "urørlige kaster" og nutidens "dalits" i Indien. Specielt virkningerne af den indiske stats reservationspolitik over for disse grupper behandles. Denne politik har på én gang forbedr...

  16. Assertiveness and health care

    OpenAIRE

    Černelič Bizjak, Maša

    2015-01-01

    Prispevek obravnava konstrukt asertivnosti. Predstavljene so definicije in koncepcije asertivnosti, njene komponente ter merjenje asertivnosti. Povzeti so tudi rezultati raziskav, ki ugotavljajo povezanost z različnimi psihološkimi konstrukti. Posebej je obravnavan pomen asertivnosti z vidika pacienta in z vidika medicinske sestre. Študije v glavnem poudarjajo in potrjujejo potrebo medicinskih sester po učenju asertivnih veščin, saj le-te delujejo kot zaščita pred emocionalno izčrpanostjo, st...

  17. Attachment insecurities and women's sexual function and satisfaction: the mediating roles of sexual self-esteem, sexual anxiety, and sexual assertiveness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brassard, Audrey; Dupuy, Emmanuelle; Bergeron, Sophie; Shaver, Phillip R

    2015-01-01

    We examined the potential role of three mediators--sexual self-esteem, sexual anxiety, and sexual assertiveness--of the association between romantic attachment insecurities (anxiety and avoidance) and two aspects of women's sexual functioning: sexual function and sexual satisfaction. A sample of 556 women aged 18 to 30 agreed to complete an online series of validated questionnaires assessing attachment insecurities and several aspects of sexual functioning. Lower sexual self-esteem and higher sexual anxiety mediated the associations between attachment anxiety and lower sexual function and satisfaction. Lower sexual self-esteem and higher sexual anxiety also partially mediated the links between attachment-related avoidance and the two sexual functioning variables. Sexual assertiveness, however, did not mediate these associations. A significant interaction between attachment anxiety and avoidance was also found to predict sexual satisfaction, with women high in avoidance and low in anxiety being the least satisfied. Results are discussed in terms of theoretical and clinical implications. PMID:24350570

  18. Involving clients and their relatives and friends in psychiatric care : Case managers' experiences of training in resource group assertive community training

    OpenAIRE

    Nordén, Tommy; Eriksson, Anders; Kjellgren, Anette; Norlander, Torsten

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this project was to do a qualitative study of an integrated and flexible ACT model, the Resource Group Assertive Community Treatment (RACT), as seen from the perspective of case managers in training. The resource group normally consists of the client, the case manager and other available personnel in the medical and support areas, as well as family members. Nineteen theses were randomly chosen from a set of 80 theses written by a group of Swedish trainee case managers. The exam...

  19. Associations of Sexual Victimization, Depression, and Sexual Assertiveness with Unprotected Sex: A Test of the Multifaceted Model of HIV Risk Across Gender

    OpenAIRE

    Morokoff, Patricia J.; Colleen A. Redding; Harlow, Lisa L.; Cho, Sookhyun; Rossi, Joseph S.; Meier, Kathryn S; Mayer, Kenneth H.; Koblin, Beryl; Brown-Peterside, Pamela

    2009-01-01

    This study examined whether the Multifaceted Model of HIV Risk (MMOHR) would predict unprotected sex based on predictors including gender, childhood sexual abuse (CSA), sexual victimization (SV), depression, and sexual assertiveness for condom use. A community-based sample of 473 heterosexually active men and women, aged 18–46 years completed survey measures of model variables. Gender predicted several variables significantly. A separate model for women demonstrated excellent fit, while the m...

  20. The effects of a classroom-based social skills training program on the levels of assertiveness and aggressiveness of fourth-grade elementary school students

    OpenAIRE

    Aslı Uz Baş

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study is examine the effects of an classroom-based social skills training program on assertiveness and aggressiveness of fourth-grade elementary students. Subjects of the study are composed of 51 fourth-grade students. Twenty five of these students are assigned to experimental group and 26 of them are assigned to control group. Social skills training program was implemented to the experimental group for 10 weeks. However, no procedure was applied to the control group. The ...

  1. The effect of five years versus two years of specialised assertive intervention for first episode psychosis - OPUS II: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial

    OpenAIRE

    Gluud Christian; Petersen Lone; Bertelsen Mette; Thorup Anne; Jeppesen Pia; Melau Marianne; Krarup Gertrud; Nordentoft Merete

    2011-01-01

    Abstract Background The Danish OPUS I trial randomized 547 patients with first-episode psychosis to a two-year early-specialised assertive treatment programme (OPUS) versus standard treatment. The two years OPUS treatment had significant positive effects on psychotic and negative symptoms, secondary substance abuse, treatment adherence, lower dosage of antipsychotic medication, and a higher treatment satisfaction. However, three years after end of the OPUS treatment, the positive clinical eff...

  2. Identifying barriers to mental health system improvements: an examination of community participation in assertive community treatment programs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wakefield Patricia A

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Integrating the best available evidence into program standards is essential if system-wide improvements in the delivery of community-based mental health services are to be achieved. Since the beginning of the Assertive Community Treatment (ACT program movement, program standards have included a role for the community. In particular, ACT program standards have sought to ensure that members of the local community are involved in governance and that former clients participate in service delivery as "Peer Support Specialists". This paper reports on the extent to which ACT program standards related to community participation have been implemented and identifies barriers to full compliance. Methods Qualitative and quantitative data were collected through a telephone survey of ACT Program Coordinators in Ontario, Canada, using a census sample of the existing 66 ACT programs. A thematic approach to content analysis was used to analyze respondents' qualitative comments. Quantitative data were analyzed using SPSS 16.0 and included means, frequencies, independent t-tests and Pearson Correlations. Results An 85% response rate was achieved. Of the 33 program standards, the two that received the lowest perceived compliance ratings were the two standards directly concerning community participation. Specifically, the standard to have a functioning Community Advisory Body and the standard requiring the inclusion of a Peer Support Specialist. The three major themes that emerged from the survey data with respect to the barriers to fully implementing the Community Advisory Body were: external issues; standard related issues; and, organizational/structural related issues. The three major themes concerning barriers to implementing the Peer Support Specialist role were: human resource related issues; organizational/structural related issues; and, standard related issues. Conclusions The reasons for low compliance of ACT programs with community

  3. Rediscovering The Great Chichimeca: Regional Assertiveness and Social Anthropology in the Rehabilitation of a Mexican Ethnic Plurality

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tomé, Pedro

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available For centuries Mexicans have used the term “Chichimeca” as a synonym for “Barbarian” or “Savage.” However, in the past decades a deeper understanding of the Chichimeca peoples —largely affected by a political assertiveness of the regions in Mexico— has resulted in a fresh reconstruction of the memory of the Spanish conquest and, thereby, of the view of these peoples. To a unexpected extent, social anthropology —particularly, the “Seminario Permanente de Estudios de la Gran Chichimeca” (SPECH, promoting regular discussions and publications on the subject from different academic disciplines— has contributed to this rehabilitation as well. A convergence is thus emerging between new scholarly interest in the indigenous nations of Mexico’s northern frontier —taking the Chichimeca out of the ostracism to which official history in the country had confined them— and a newly found reason for pride among the rest of the population in belonging to the same area.

    Durante siglos el término “chichimeca” ha sido utilizado por los mexicanos como sinónimo de “bárbaro” o “salvaje”. Sin embargo, en las últimas décadas una profundización en el conocimiento de los grupos chichimecas —a la que no ha sido ajena una re-valorización política de las regiones en México— ha propiciado una nueva reconstrucción de la memoria de la conquista española que, en parte, ofrece una visión distinta de estos grupos humanos. En un grado no previsto, la antropología social —y, en particular, el “Seminario Permanente de Estudios de la Gran Chichimeca” (SPECH, en el que diferentes disciplinas académicas dialogan sobre un mismo tema y un mismo territorio— está contribuyendo a la misma revisión, con el resultado convergente de sacar a los pueblos chichimecas del ostracismo al que la historia oficial en México los había confinado, mientras se genera, entre otros habitantes de esa parte del país, un cierto orgullo

  4. A caracterização da lógica pela força assertórica em frege. Resposta a Marco Ruffino

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dirk Greimann

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Segundo a caracterização padrão da lógica nos escritos fregeanos, a palavra "verdadeiro" indica a essência da lógica, assim como a palavra "bom" indica a essência da ética e a palavra "belo" a essência da estética. Num escrito póstumo de 1915, porém, Frege afirma que é a força assertórica, e não a palavra "verdadeiro", que indica a essência da lógica. Prima facie, esta correção está em conflito com a crítica fregeana à concepção psicologista da lógica. Pois, segundo esta crítica, a lógica não é a ciência das leis "do ser tomado como verdadeiro", mas a ciência das leis "do ser verdadeiro", ao passo que a força assertórica expressa o ser tomado como verdadeiro. Em escritos anteriores, tentei resolver este conflito por uma reconstrução da concepção fregeana da verdade baseada na tese fregeana de que verdade é expressa na linguagem natural pela "forma da sentença assertórica". A meta do presente trabalho é defender esta interpretação contra as objeções recentemente feitas por Marco Ruffino.

  5. Propiedades psicométricas de la versión española de la Sexual Assertiveness Scale (SAS)

    OpenAIRE

    Sierra , Juan Carlos; Vallejo Medina, Pablo; Santos Iglesias, Pablo

    2011-01-01

    La asertividad sexual se refiere a la capacidad de las personas para iniciar la actividad sexual, rechazar la actividad sexual no deseada y emplear métodos anticonceptivos, desarrollando comportamientos saludables. La Sexual Assertiveness Scale (SAS) es una escala de 18 ítems que evalúa tres dimensiones: Inicio, Rechazo y Prevención Embarazo-ETS (E-ETS). En este estudio 853 personas contestaron la SAS, junto a una batería de instrumentos afines. La puntuación media de los ítems ha sido simila...

  6. INFLUENCIA DE LOS ESTILOS DE COMUNICACIÓN ASERTIVA DE LOS DOCENTES EN EL APRENDIZAJE ESCOLAR - INFLUENCE OF ASSERTIVE COMUNICATION STYLES OF TEACHERS IN THE SCHOOL LEARNING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    VIVIANA MONJE MAYORCA

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available This research determined the level of influence that assertive style of communication of teachers in the school learning. We used an experimental design; the sample included twelve teachers for the experimental group, and other twelve for the control group of the Empresarial de los Andes School (Department of Huila. The results show that school’s a stage of social life where the educational processes of the teachers have a deep character communicative and the institution have not recognized the importance of communication in processes like the personality, socialization and learning development. Similarly, was established that both, teachers and students, use alternate indirect ways of communication, which does not allow a proper process of personal interaction. It was shown, that with appropriate intervention, the communication channels are optimized, improving the academic performance of students.

  7. Deinstitutionalization revisited: a 5-year follow-up of a randomized clinical trial of hospital-based rehabilitation versus specialized assertive intervention (OPUS) versus standard treatment for patients with first-episode schizophrenia spectrum disorders

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nordentoft, Merete; Øhlenschlæger, Johan; Thorup, Anne Amalie Elgaard; Petersen, Lone; Jeppesen, Pia; Bertelsen, Mette

    BACKGROUND: The effects of hospital-based rehabilitation including weekly supportive psychodynamic therapy compared with specialized assertive intervention and standard treatment has not previously been investigated in first-episode psychosis. The aim of the study was to examine long-term effect on...... special part of the Copenhagen OPUS trial and randomized to either the specialized assertive intervention program (OPUS), standard treatment or hospital-based rehabilitation. RESULTS: It was a stable pattern that patients randomized to hospital-based rehabilitation spent more days in psychiatric wards and...

  8. Asserting the primacy of health over patent rights: a comparative study of the processes that led to the use of compulsory licensing in Thailand and Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosenberg, Stephanie T

    2014-08-01

    Since the 1970s, the United States has adopted a trade policy agenda that has forced countries to trade away flexible patent provisions for access to US markets. While pharmaceutical companies have argued that the recognition of patent rights is essential for recovering investments in research and development of pharmaceuticals and incentivizing future innovation, the lack of competition has had damaging consequences for public health, as companies tend to set the prices of treatments beyond the reach of consumers and government programs. Thailand and Brazil are bound by law to provide universal access to anti-retroviral treatment (ART) to People Living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA). This has been made possible in part due to the universal health care systems in each country and the countries' local technical and industrial capacities that provide the government with affordable generic medicines. The introduction of stronger intellectual property protection laws however, has limited possibilities for procuring generic medicines and inflated the cost of treatment. Between 2006-2008, Thailand and Brazil used compulsory licensing to authorize generic competition against the consent of the pharmaceutical companies in order to guarantee the right to health and ensure the viability of government health budgets. This paper will demonstrate how the interaction between individual / collective action and structural and institutional elements in Thailand and Brazil produced propitious conditions for each country to assert the primacy of health over patent rights. PMID:24750542

  9. Can the Health of the Nation Outcome Scales for Children and Adolescents predict the necessity of inpatient stay during assertive community treatment?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Urben, Sébastien; Mantzouranis, Gregory; Baier, Vanessa; Halfon, Olivier; Villard, Eva; Holzer, Laurent

    2016-08-30

    Understanding the trajectories of youths within Child and Adolescents Mental Health Service (CAMHS) is of primary importance. Our objective is to assess the usefulness of the Health of the Nation Outcome Scales for Children and Adolescents (HoNOSCA) to predict inpatient (IP) stay for youths followed by assertive community treatment (ACT) teams. 82 youths followed exclusively by ACT and 42 who needed IP were assessed with the HoNOSCA at admission to the program. The HoNOSCA allowed the computing of three scores: a total score, an externalizing symptoms (Ext) score and an emotional problems (Emo) score. Logistic regressions revealed that the three HoNOSCA scores at admission of ACT predicted later need for hospitalization. Using ROC curve analyses, we set up cut off scores with appropriate sensitivity and specificity for the HoNOSCA Total and Ext to optimally predict the need for hospitalization. This study revealed that the HoNOSCA may be a useful tool to predict the need for later IP during ACT. Such knowledge is important to set up the best therapeutic strategies. PMID:27341331

  10. Bill asserting the national commitment for the environment (declared urgency), text from the commission of economy, sustainable development and town and country planning

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The bill asserting the French national commitment for the environment (also named 'Grenelle 2') is considered as the juridical tool-box of the French environmental policy. It confirms, strengthens, and concretizes the objectives defined by the Grenelle 1 law. The main dispositions of the bill concern the following domains: settlement and urbanism with the improvement of the energy efficiency, energy conservation and life-cycle of buildings; transports with the development of sustainable transportation systems; energy with the creation of regional climate, air and energy schemes with the aim of developing renewable energies (with some restrictions concerning wind power) and reducing CO2 emissions; biodiversity with the creation of ecological pathways between protected areas for the migration of flora and fauna species; environment and waste management with the reinforcement of measures for the abatement of environmental pollutant effects. Among the numerous dispositions involving more than 20 codes (urbanism, environment, buildings etc..) one concerns the progressive implementation of a 'carbon price' index taking into account the greenhouse gas emission costs during the whole life cycle of a product, another one concerns the monitoring of indoor air quality in public buildings. This document is the text of the bill as prepared by the Commission of economy, sustainable development and town and country planning. (J.S.)

  11. Chinese Companies Poised to Assert

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Audrey GUO

    2009-01-01

    @@ Businesses in China are increasingly working with government and civil society to shift markets to reward sustainable development.These responsible business practices are becoming more and more embedded in the country s emerging green industrial policy and low carbon development pathways.In some areas,China is set to leapfrog into the elite group of global green innovators.

  12. Qualitative Assertions as Prescriptive Statements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nolen, Amanda; Talbert, Tony

    2011-01-01

    The primary question regarding prescriptive appropriateness is a difficult one to answer for the qualitative researcher. While there are certainly qualitative researchers who have offered prescriptive protocols to better define and describe the terrain of qualitative research design and there are qualitative researchers who offer research…

  13. The quality of life among persons with severe mental illness enrolled in an assertive community treatment program in Japan: 1-year follow-up and analyses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matsuoka Hiroo

    2006-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Toward effective community care for persons with severe mental illness and deinstitutionalization in Japan, we assessed the impact of the first trial of an assertive community treatment program on the lives and subjective perceptions of persons with mental illness without closing hospitals. Methods Forty-three subjects were enrolled from the newly admitted patients of a hospital, who met our criteria of problematic hospital use, severity of psychiatric disorders, and behavioral problems. The intervention team aimed to intensively support them in various life domains in their communities to decrease clients' admissions. The Quality of Life Interview was administered at baseline and after 12 months. Data were analyzed to assess the pre-post changes in their QOL, and were explained in association with other descriptive variables. Results The objective changes included increase in persons whose longest residence in a year were in communities, increase in income, and decrease in family contacts. Most subjective items were not changed except the decrease in satisfaction with family relationships. Satisfaction with family relationships was negatively correlated with hospital days at 1 year follow-up after controlling for symptoms, but was not so at baseline. Also, correlation between satisfaction with family relationships and global well-being was attenuated. A change in the positioning of family by clients and the autonomy of clients were suggested. However, previous studies showed that dissatisfaction with family relationships predicted rehospitalizations independently from symptoms, and our findings suggest our subjects' characteristics and a possible improvement in community-based care. Conclusion Our program predominantly fulfilled the primary goal, but it must be further refined to reflect the detailed characteristics of the target population and resource distribution. Assessing subjective perceptions, or the QOL of clients is

  14. Deinstitutionalization revisited: a 5-year follow-up of a randomized clinical trial of hospital-based rehabilitation versus specialized assertive intervention (OPUS) versus standard treatment for patients with first-episode schizophrenia spectrum disorders

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nordentoft, Merete; Øhlenschlæger, Johan; Thorup, Anne Amalie Elgaard; Petersen, Lone; Jeppesen, Pia; Bertelsen, Mette

    BACKGROUND: The effects of hospital-based rehabilitation including weekly supportive psychodynamic therapy compared with specialized assertive intervention and standard treatment has not previously been investigated in first-episode psychosis. The aim of the study was to examine long-term effect on...... special part of the Copenhagen OPUS trial and randomized to either the specialized assertive intervention program (OPUS), standard treatment or hospital-based rehabilitation. RESULTS: It was a stable pattern that patients randomized to hospital-based rehabilitation spent more days in psychiatric wards and...... in supported housing throughout the 5-year follow-up period compared with the two other groups. Patients in OPUS treatment spent significantly fewer days in psychiatric wards and supported housing in the first 3 years compared with patients in hospital-based rehabilitation. Due to attrition and small...

  15. The Investigation of relation between elementary school second grade students’ self-esteem, different skills and assertiveness levels

    İlköğretim II. kademe öğrencilerinde benlik saygısı, farklı yetenek ve atılganlık düzeyleri arasındaki ilişkinin incelenmesi

    OpenAIRE

    Hakan Sarıçam; Elifcan Yılmaz; Arzu Gülbahçe; Öner Gülbahçe; Mehmet Çardak

    2013-01-01

    This study aims to examine the relation among the self esteem, different abilility levels and assertiveness levels of second grade primary education. An investigation has been done on over 180 students, chosen randomly, from the primary education schools of Erzurum MEB in accordance with the purpose of this study. Information Form, Rosenberg Self-Esteem Inventory, Basic Aptitude Test 6-8 and Rathus Assertiveness Inventory were used. SPSS/WINDOWS programme was used for data analysis. ‘t test’...

  16. The Investigation of relation between elementary school second grade students’ self-esteem, different skills and assertiveness levels İlköğretim II. kademe öğrencilerinde benlik saygısı, farklı yetenek ve atılganlık düzeyleri arasındaki ilişkinin incelenmesi

    OpenAIRE

    Hakan Sarıçam; Elifcan Yılmaz; Arzu Gülbahçe; Öner Gülbahçe; Mehmet Çardak

    2013-01-01

    This study aims to examine the relation among the self esteem, different abilility levels and assertiveness levels of second grade primary education. An investigation has been done on over 180 students, chosen randomly, from the primary education schools of Erzurum MEB in accordance with the purpose of this study. Information Form, Rosenberg Self-Esteem Inventory, Basic Aptitude Test 6-8 and Rathus Assertiveness Inventory were used. SPSS/WINDOWS programme was used for data analysis. ‘t test’...

  17. La comunicación y la asertividad del discurso durante las interacciones grupales presenciales y por computadora Communication and assertiveness on the discourse during face-to-face and computer-mediated group interactions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nancy Noemí Terroni

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo se reportan los resultados del análisis reticular en la comunicación, y los puntajes de la asertividad del discurso de los partipantes de pequeños grupos que resuelven una tarea de recuperación de memoria (La guerra de los fantasmas, Bartlett, 1932. El diseño es cuasiexperimental y los 90 participantes alumnos de la Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata, debieron reconstruir la misma en forma grupal colaborativa. Los sujetos fueron asignados aleatoriamente a los grupos y a las dos condiciones (grupos cara a cara y mediados por computadora. Se registraron las interacciones presenciales mediante video filmaciones y las electrónicas quedaron almacenadas en el canal de chat. En general, la asertividad del discurso y la comunicación presentaron asociaciones significativas, con algunas diferencias según el canal comunicacional empleado. Se discuten estos resultados con relación al tipo de tarea y a las restricciones de los medios electrónicos.This work reports the results of reticular analysis in communication, and the scores from the discourse assertiveness of the participants of small groups who solve a recall memory task (The war of the ghosts, Bartlett, 1932. The design is a quasi-experimental one and the 90 subjects, students from Mar del Plata University had to reconstruct the same story in collaborative groups. The subjects were assigned in an aleatory way, to both conditions (face to face and computer-mediated groups. The subjects' interactions in face-to-face communication groups were recorded in video films and the electronic ones were stored in the chat channel. In general, the discourse assertiveness and the communication presented significant associations, with some differences according to the communication channel used. These results are discussed about the type of task and the restrictions of the electronic media.

  18. Notice made on behalf of the Commission of economic affairs about the bill, adopted by the Senate after urgency declaration, asserting the national commitment for the environment (no. 1965)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The bill asserting the French national commitment for the environment (also named 'Grenelle 2') is considered as the juridical tool-box of the French environmental policy. It confirms, strengthens, and concretizes the objectives defined by the Grenelle 1 law. The main dispositions of the bill concern the following domains: settlement and urbanism with the improvement of the energy efficiency, energy conservation and life-cycle of buildings; transports with the development of sustainable transportation systems; energy with the creation of regional climate, air and energy schemes with the aim of developing renewable energies (with some restrictions concerning wind power) and reducing CO2 emissions; biodiversity with the creation of ecological pathways between protected areas for the migration of flora and fauna species; environment and waste management with the reinforcement of measures for the abatement of environmental pollutant effects. Among the numerous dispositions involving more than 20 codes (urbanism, environment, buildings etc..) one concerns the progressive implementation of a 'carbon price' index taking into account the greenhouse gas emission costs during the whole life cycle of a product, another one concerns the monitoring of indoor air quality in public buildings. This document recalls first the objectives of the bill adopted by the Senate, then it presents the proposals of the rapporteurs of the French House of Commons, followed by the auditions of the Junior Ministers in charge of ecology, accommodation and urbanism, energy, sustainable development, green technologies and climate. Finally, each article of the bill is described, and examined by the deputies. (J.S.)

  19. 32 CFR 537.9 - Assertion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... leave will be lost time. (4) The amount recoverable for personal property losses is limited to its value... demand the better. A demand will not be delayed until the exact amount of medical expenses or lost pay is determined. The demand letter will state that the amount will be furnished when known. A copy of the...

  20. Assertiveness: To Be or Not To Be.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Friedley, Sheryl A.

    Despite the increase in the number of women entering the work force, the organizational setting is not typically conducive to upward mobility for most women. According to a variety of research studies, the impact of sex role stereotyping clearly suggests a set of communication behaviors appropriate for male managers and a different set appropriate…

  1. Supply and demand assert their roles

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The last 12 months have been a period when the most fundamental of economic factors, supply and demand, took control of the global upstream market. Supply affected the market in terms of equipment and manpower, or more precisely, the growing lack thereof. Demand made its presence felt strongly as regards growth of oil consumption. Indeed, the pace of world oil demand growth is accelerating. According to the International Energy Agency (IEA), demand rose 1.9% in 1994. In 1995, the pace got faster, rising 2.2%. Last year, the rate of increase jumped again, with global oil demand growing 2.4% to 72.0 million bopd. IEA predicts that 1997's growth rate will go higher, to 2.5%, resulting in demand of 73.8 million bopd. Data are presented on drilling activities for gas and oil wells, oil/gas condensate production, and gas and oil reserves

  2. The Investigation of relation between elementary school second grade students’ self-esteem, different skills and assertiveness levels İlköğretim II. kademe öğrencilerinde benlik saygısı, farklı yetenek ve atılganlık düzeyleri arasındaki ilişkinin incelenmesi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hakan Sarıçam

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to examine the relation among the self esteem, different abilility levels and assertiveness levels of second grade primary education. An investigation has been done on over 180 students, chosen randomly, from the primary education schools of Erzurum MEB in accordance with the purpose of this study. Information Form, Rosenberg Self-Esteem Inventory, Basic Aptitude Test 6-8 and Rathus Assertiveness Inventory were used. SPSS/WINDOWS programme was used for data analysis. ‘t test’ was used for determine the difference among the groups and ‘Pearson Moment Correlation Analysis’ was used for determine correlation among variables. In this study different abilities were examined in the subhead of Language ability, The Ability of Reasoning, Numerical Ability, General Ability. It was found in this study that there is a meaningful relation between Sef-Esttem and Language ability, The Ability of Reasoning, Numerical Ability, General Ability, Assertiveness. In the view of the preceding findings, and in the scope of academic success this study is discussed and leads other investigations and applications.

  3. Influence of assertiveness training on the Self-esteem and the Quality of Life of Female Patients with Schizophrenia%自信心训练对女性精神分裂症患者自尊及生活质量的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张凌芳; 陈慧敏; 朱雪丽; 何益群

    2014-01-01

    目的:探讨自信心训练对女性精神分裂症患者自尊及生活质量的影响。方法:将78例康复期女性精神分裂症患者随机分为观察组和对照组2组各39例,并给予常规抗精神病药物治疗及护理,观察组在此基础上进行自信心训练8周。采用自尊量表( SES)和世界卫生组织生活质量量表( WH O, QOL~100)分别于入组训练前后进行评估。结果:观察组进行自信心训练后,与对照组相比较,SES及QOL~100评分均高于对照组差异具有统计学意义( P <0.05)。结论:自信心训练有助于提高女性精神分裂症患者自尊水平,继而提高其生活质量。%Objective:To explore the influence of assertiveness training on the self -esteem and the quality of life of female patients with schizophrenia .Motheds:78 female patients with schizophrenia who had rehabilitated were randomly divided into observation group and control group .They were offered the conventional antipsychotic drug therapy and nursing .And then only the observation group would be offered Assertiveness training for 8 weeks.They were evaluated in The Self -Esteem Scale(SES) and The WHO Quality of Life Scale (WHO,QOL-100) before assertiveness training and after it.Results:After assertiveness training, training group scores were higher in SES and QOL-100 than control group ( p<0 .05 ) .Conclusion: Assertiveness training will improve the level of self -esteem of female schizophrenia patients , and then improve their quality of life .

  4. Early detection and assertive community treatment of young psychotics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, P; Nordentoft, M; Abel, M B; Gouliaev, G; Jeppesen, P; Kassow, Pernille Brændstrup

    2000-01-01

    Recent research indicates that early detection of young persons suffering from psychosis and subsequent intensive intervention enhances treatment response and prognosis, but the data are only preliminary and suggestive....

  5. Changes in self-concept: female assertiveness in weblog writing

    OpenAIRE

    García Gómez, Antonio

    2009-01-01

    La psicología discursiva es especialmente relevante en el estudio de la construcción de la identidad femenina en las narrativas de adolescentes en sus diarios personales en red, en tanto en cuanto permite al analista arrojar luz sobre cómo estas adolescentes no sólo «producen discurso» sino que además son producto del discurso. El presente trabajo tiene como objetivo analizar estos discursos o posicionamientos como un intento de esclarecer algunas cuestiones sobre comunicación, acción social ...

  6. Offline Analysis of Independent Guarded Assertions in Automotive Integration Testing

    OpenAIRE

    Rodriguez-Navas, Guillermo; Kobetski, Avenir; Sundmark, Daniel; Gustafsson, Thomas

    2015-01-01

    The size and complexity of software in automotive systems have increased steadily over the last decades. Modern vehicles typically contain numerous electrical control units (ECUs), and more and more features require real-time interaction between several dedicated ECUs (e.g., gearbox, brake and engine control units) in order to perform their tasks. Since system safety and reliability must not be adversely affected by this increase in complexity, proper quality assurance is a must. Such quality...

  7. Associating Assertions with Business Processes and Monitoring their Execution

    OpenAIRE

    Lazovik, Alexander; Aiello, Marco; Papazoglou, Mike

    2004-01-01

    Business processes that span organizational borders describe the interaction between multiple parties working towards a common objective. They also express business rules that govern the behavior of the process and account for expressing changes reflecting new business objectives and new market situations. In our previous work we developed a service request language and support framework that allow users to formulate their requests against standard business processes. In this paper we extend ...

  8. Librarians as Experts: Using the Web to Assert Our Value

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pressley, Lauren; Gilbertson, Kevin

    2011-01-01

    People see challenges to libraries in funding, in ebooks, and in the internet. However, in this information-rich age, librarians' roles are even more important. They are information experts. They know how to think about the changing information environment, and they know the impact--both positive and negative--it can have on people whose jobs…

  9. Physical Assertiveness. Title IX--Prospects and Problems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boslooper, Thomas

    1976-01-01

    As boys and girls develop individual physical skills and learn in games and sports how to compete with one another playfully, they will be on the way toward learning to relate constructively in marriage, business, professions, and politics. (MM)

  10. Who, When, and Where? Location Proof Assertion for Mobile Devices

    OpenAIRE

    Khan, Rasib; Zawoad, Shams; Haque, Md,; Hasan, Ragib

    2014-01-01

    In recent years, location of mobile devices has become an important factor. Mobile device users can easily access various customized applications from the service providers based on the current physical location information. Nonetheless, it is a significant challenge in distributed architectures for users to prove their presence at a particular location in a privacy-protected and secured manner. So far, researchers have proposed multiple schemes to implement a secure location proof collection...

  11. Social encounters among young children: Assertiveness, aggression and prosocial behavior

    OpenAIRE

    Silva, Judite Maria Brito

    1992-01-01

    Tese de Doutoramento apresentada à Faculdade de Ciências Sociais, Escola de Educação, Universidade de Bristol Psychological literature on the social development of children is extensive and many experimental and naturalistic investigations have been carried out. The picture of the young child as egocentric and having limited social competence has been replaced by one of an agent who understands and actively manipulates his social world to achieve goals and establish relationships necessary...

  12. Na trilha das “garrafadas”: a abdicação de D. Pedro I e a afirmação da identidade nacional brasileira na Bahia On the trail of the Garrafadas: The abdication of Dom Pedro I and the assertion of Brazil’s national identity in Bahia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel António Silva

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available O texto analisa os momentos finais do reinado do primeiro imperador brasileiro e as tensões políticas que impuseram a sua abdicação: o acirramento da distinção entre “português” e “brasileiro” e a afirmação de uma certa identidade nacional brasileira conducente à procura de uma definição de cidadania entre os baianos. Os protestos populares e militares ocorridos aí e no Rio de Janeiro mostram a existência de uma íntima relação e complementaridade entre portugueses e brasileiros. O duelo ocorrido entre eles em março de 1831 no Rio de Janeiro, que se convencionou chamar a “noite das garrafadas” e os diversos protestos de rua ocorridos em Salvador da Bahia no mesmo contexto, são a chave do presente estudo.We analyze in this essay the final moments of the reign of the first Brazilian emperor and the political tensions that led to his abdication: the growing stress on the distinction between “Portuguese” and “Brazilian” and the assertion of a kind of Brazilian national identity leading to the construction of a definition of citizenship, particularly among the residents of Bahia. The popular and military unrest in Bahia and Rio de Janeiro show that there were close relations and complementarities between Portuguese and Brazilians. The duel that took place between them in March 1831 in Rio de Janeiro that came to be known as the noite das garrafadas (night of the “bottle riot” and the street protests that occurred in Salvador da Bahia, are the key to the present study.

  13. The fiction of zora neale hurston: an assertion of black womanhood The fiction of zora neale hurston: an assertion of black womanhood

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rita Terezinha Schmidt

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available Contrary to what official historical records show, recent studies convincingly prove that women have been writing for centuries, in a variety of literary modes and genres. However, an historical examination of the role of woman as writer reveals that she has suffered from the persistent cultural ideal of woman's silence, an invisibility which has rendered her works marginal to what the guardians of the great tradition call 'the serious enterprise of art.' Denied legitimacy for so long by a traditional canon which has prescribed standards of literary excellence on the basis of pre-existing social bias, women writers are just beginning to be reviewed in major literary publications, included in literary histories and university curricula as a result of the efforts geared to the body of studies in literature which has emerged as an important part of the post-60's upsurge of work in woman's studies, especially in the United States. Contrary to what official historical records show, recent studies convincingly prove that women have been writing for centuries, in a variety of literary modes and genres. However, an historical examination of the role of woman as writer reveals that she has suffered from the persistent cultural ideal of woman's silence, an invisibility which has rendered her works marginal to what the guardians of the great tradition call 'the serious enterprise of art.' Denied legitimacy for so long by a traditional canon which has prescribed standards of literary excellence on the basis of pre-existing social bias, women writers are just beginning to be reviewed in major literary publications, included in literary histories and university curricula as a result of the efforts geared to the body of studies in literature which has emerged as an important part of the post-60's upsurge of work in woman's studies, especially in the United States.

  14. The fiction of Zora Neale Hurston: an assertion of black womanhood* The fiction of Zora Neale Hurston: an assertion of black womanhood*

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rita Terezinha Schmidt

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available Contrary to what oficial historical records show, recentstudies convincingly prove that women have been writing forcenturies, in a variety of literary modes and genres. However,an historical examination of the role of woman as writer revealsthat she has suffered from the persistent cultural ideal ofwoman's silence, an invisibility which has rendered her worksmarginal to what the guardians of the great tradition call 'theserious enterprise of art.' Denied legitimacy for so long by atraditional canon which has prescribed standards of literaryexcellence on the basis of pre-existing social bias, womenwriters are just beginning to be reviewed in major literarypublications, included in literary histories and universitycurricula as a result of the efforts geared to the body ofstudies in literature which has emerged as an important part ofthe post-60's upsurge of work in woman's studies, especially inthe United States. Certain ideas, perpetuated in the theory andpractice of literature, (such as the domain of the male creatorthrough whose agency and power man acquired the Word, becomingthe sacer vates, or the exclusively male transcendental images of creativity as opposed to earth-bound images of female nature, which have invested all significance in the experience, ideasand discourse of men, are now being called to question.Retrieving woman's texts and the literary expression of thefemale experience is a sign of basic changes in the consciousness of western art and society and a task in which weall should join as professionais concerned with the relationshipbetween women and literature. Contrary to what oficial historical records show, recentstudies convincingly prove that women have been writing orcenturies, in a variety of literary modes and genres. However,an historical examination of the role of woman as writer revealsthat she has suffered from the persistent cultural ideal ofwoman's silence, an invisibility which has rendered her worksmarginal to what the guardians of the great tradition call 'theserious enterprise of art.' Denied legitimacy for so long by atraditional canon which has prescribed standards of literaryexcellence on the basis of pre-existing social bias, womenwriters are just beginning to be reviewed in major literarypublications, included in literary histories and universitycurricula as a result of the efforts geared to the body ofstudies in literature which has emerged as an important part ofthe post-60's upsurge of work in woman's studies, especially inthe United States. Certain ideas, perpetuated in the theory andpractice of literature, (such as the domain of the male creatorthrough whose agency and power man acquired the Word, becomingthe sacer vates, or the exclusively male transcendental images of creativity as opposed to earth-bound images of female nature, which have invested all significance in the experience, ideasand discourse of men, are now being called to question.Retrieving woman's texts and the literary expression of thefemale experience is a sign of basic changes in the consciousness of western art and society and a task in which weall should join as professionais concerned with the relationshipbetween women and literature.

  15. [Assertive community treatment: promoting engagement with care of people suffering severe addiction].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morandi, Stéphane; Silva, Benedetta; Monnat, Martine; Bonsack, Charles

    2016-06-01

    Despite the increasing number of specialized addiction services and the constant deployment of health care resources, a coordinated needs-based treatment is not always available for people with severe drugs and/or alcohol problems. Too often the involved health care professionals feel helpless and overwhelmed by the complexity of the situation. In order to promote the treatment engagement of the hard-to-reach substance users, a multidisciplinary mobile team project for addiction (SIMA) was developed in Lausanne, Switzerland, in 20174. This paper describes the model of intervention, the profile of the population followed during the first year of intervention and illustrates, through two clinical cases, the advantages of this approach. PMID:27451516

  16. An Assertional Proof System for Multithreaded Java - Theory and Tool Support

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Abraham, E.

    2005-01-01

    Besides the features of a class-based object-oriented language, Java integrates concurrency via its thread classes, allowing for a multithreaded flow of control. The concurrency model includes shared-variable concurrency via instance variables, coordination via reentrant synchronization monitors, s

  17. On the assertion that PCT violation implies Lorentz non-invariance

    CERN Document Server

    Duetsch, Michael

    2012-01-01

    Out of conviction or expediency, some current research programs take for granted that "PCT violation implies violation of Lorentz invariance". We point out that this claim is still on somewhat shaky ground. In fact, for many years there has been no strengthening of the evidence in this direction. However, using causal perturbation theory, we prove here that when starting with a local PCT-invariant interaction, PCT symmetry can be maintained in the process of renormalization.

  18. On the assertion that PCT violation implies Lorentz non-invariance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dütsch, Michael; Gracia-Bondía, José M.

    2012-05-01

    Out of conviction or expediency, some current research programs (Kostelecký (2008) [1], Kostelecký and Russell (2011) [2], Ferrero and Altschul (2011) [3], Anselmi (2009) [4]) take for granted that "PCT violation implies violation of Lorentz invariance". We point out that this claim (Greenberg (2002) [5]) is still on somewhat shaky ground. In fact, for many years there has been no strengthening of the evidence in this direction. However, using causal perturbation theory, we prove here that when starting with a local PCT-invariant interaction, PCT symmetry can be maintained in the process of renormalization.

  19. Asserting the Possible: Gunzenhauser's "Ethics of the Everyday." Response to the Presidential Address

    Science.gov (United States)

    Worley, Virginia

    2013-01-01

    In this article, the author responds to the Presidential address, "Ethics for the New Political Economy: What Can It Mean to Be Professionally Responsible?" in which Michael G. Gunzenhauser defines, names, and proposes a professional ethics for educators: an ethics of the everyday. The author introduces her response by stating that…

  20. Astute, Assertive, and Alpha-1: Quantifying Empowerment in a Rare Genetic Community

    Science.gov (United States)

    Finn, Symma

    2008-01-01

    We investigated empowerment in the Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency (Alpha-1) community, a rare, genetic disease network in the United States. The research was motivated by nine years of observations in the community. After observing what seemed to be a heightened amount of activism among Alpha-1 community members, I had hypothesized that this…

  1. Asserting the Right to Play. Women’s Football in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brus, Anne Birgitte; Trangbæk, Else

    2004-01-01

    In 1970 the Danish Football club Boldklubben Femina (BK Femina) became unofficial world champions. The success of BK Femina women's football team was not a coincidence and should be placed in the context of a ten-year struggle to have football accepted as a sport for women in Denmark. This essay...... examines three consecutive periods in Danish women's football: the establishment of women's football in Denmark before 1970; the time of women's admission to the Danish Football Association (DBU) in 1970–72; and finally, the development of women's football in the DBU from 1972 to 2002....

  2. Asserting "Needs" and Claiming "Rights": The Cultural Politics of Community Language Education in England.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hall, Kathleen

    2002-01-01

    Discusses the paradox involved in constructing a language policy: language is invoked as a reified object associated with essentialist constructs of identity to stand for much more complex and changing patterns of language use. Considers this paradox from the perspective of a campaign led by Sikh parents to have Punjabi introduced into curriculum…

  3. Alexithymia, emotion perception, and social assertiveness in adult women with Noonan and Turner syndromes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Roelofs, R.L.; Wingbermühle, P.A.M.; Freriks, K.; Verhaak, C.M.; Kessels, R.P.C.; Egger, J.I.M.

    2015-01-01

    Noonan syndrome (NS) and Turner syndrome (TS) are associated with cognitive problems and difficulties in affective information processing. While both phenotypes include short stature, facial dysmorphisms, and a webbed neck, genetic etiology and neuropsychological phenotype differ significantly. The

  4. Moral Decision-Making among Assertive Community Treatment (ACT) Case Managers: A Focus Group Study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lerbæk, Birgitte; Aagaard, Jørgen; Andersen, Mette;

    2015-01-01

    obligation towards helping the clients. Their moral reasoning reflected a paternalistic position where, on different occasions, the potential benefits of their interventions would be prioritised at the expense of protecting the clients’ personal autonomy. The case managers’ reasoning emphasised situational...

  5. Nuclear. In China, the CEA asserts itself as a team leader

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    As the French government gave the CEA the responsibility of negotiating the nuclear French-Chinese nuclear strategic partnership, this article outlines the personality of the CEA's chairman, Bernard Bigot, but also the tensions which exist between the two main actors of the French nuclear industry, EDF and Areva, notably about their respective projects of development of a new reactor with China as far as EDF is concerned, and with Japan as far as Areva is concerned. In fact, China is asking France, not to build new reactors but to improve the performance and the safety in the existing ones

  6. Sweden and the making of nuclear non-proliferation: from indecision to assertiveness

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dassen, L. van [Uppsala Univ. (Sweden). Dept. of Peace and Conflict Research

    1998-03-01

    Swedish research on nuclear weapons started at a modest scale in 1945 but was soon expanded. By the early 1950s the research programme started to face some of the problems that were going to accompany it for the rest of its life: different priorities and cost-estimates were made by the sectors that wanted to develop nuclear energy and those working on the bomb. Moreover, an introduction of nuclear weapons would lead to a major redistribution of resources to the disadvantage of the navy and army. The public and political debates intensified during the 1950s and culminated in 1960. At first, pro-nuclear voices had been strongest but were soon challenged by interest groups, unions and peace movements. 1960, a committee within the government had established a compromise: Nuclear weapons research for production of weapons would be terminated, while research on the consequences of nuclear weapons would continue. It was a cosmetic decision that could cover for a continued research on weapons design. Nevertheless, there are some general qualities from the debates that indicate why the outcome was that Sweden signed the NPT in 1968. First, the number of interested persons, groups movements and party politicians engaged in the issue increased every time the issue came up. Secondly, the segments of society that supported the nuclear option remained roughly the same. No strong movements rallied to the defence of this position. On the other hand, the anti-nuclear wing received more and more followers. Third, there was a marked tendency by virtually all actors (except the military) to include every sign of progress in international disarmament and non-proliferation efforts as arguments against Swedish proliferation. Since 1968, the non-proliferation choice has ben manifested through Sweden``s adherence to the NPT and this has been accompanied by a strong commitment to other non-proliferation initiatives. Refs.

  7. Apples and Oranges: Comparing Assertions of SEPs and Differentiating Patents from an Antitrust Perspective

    OpenAIRE

    Jay Jurata; Adya Baker

    2015-01-01

    Avoiding confusion between SEPs and differentiating patents is critical to ensuring that the goals of both the antitrust and patent systems are achieved. Jay Jurata & Adya Baker (Orrick, Herrington & Sutcliffe LLP)

  8. ASSERTIVE OUTREACH IN SLOVENIA; IDENTIFICATION OF TARGET GROUP AND GOALS OF TREATMENT IN A NEW PROGRAM

    OpenAIRE

    Furlan, Mirjana

    2009-01-01

    A team from the Rehabilitation unit of Ljubljana psychiatric clinic attended a course on community care in London in October and November 2005. Because we decided that the methods presented to us could be of great use in Slovenia where the Health system is lacking such services we decided to implement them after our return. Immediately after we returned we started to carry out our plan. We designated our target group which were patients who poorly participated in treatment or had multiple ...

  9. 78 FR 2669 - Waste Import and Export; Inquiry To Learn Whether Businesses Assert Business Confidentiality Claims

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-14

    ...The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) receives from time to time Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) requests for documentation received or issued by EPA or data contained in EPA database systems pertaining to the export and import of Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) hazardous waste from/to the United States, the export of cathode ray tubes (CRTs) and spent lead acid batteries......

  10. QoS Assertion in MANET Routing based on Trusted AODV (ST-AODV

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sridhar Subramanian

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Mobile ad hoc network is a standalone network capab le of autonomous operation where nodes communicate with each other without the need of any existing infrastructure. They are self configuring , autonomous, quickly deployable and operate without infrastructure. Mobile ad hoc networks consist of nodes that cooperate to provide connectivity and ar e free to move and organize randomly. Every node is router or an end host, in general autonomous and sh ould be capable of routing traffic as destination nodes sometimes might be out of range. Nodes are mo bile since topology is very dynamic and they have limited energy and computing resources . These nodes are often vulnerable to failure thus m aking mobile ad hoc networks open to threats and attacks. Commun ication in MANET relies on mutual trust between the participating nodes but the features of MANET m ake this hard. Nodes sometimes fail to transmit and start dropping packets during the transmission. Suc h nodes are responsible for untrustworthy routing. A trust based scheme can be used to track these untru stworthy nodes and isolate them from routing, thus provide trustworthiness. In this paper a trusted AO DV (ST-AODV protocol is presented which assigns a trust value for each node. Nodes are allowed to par ticipate in routing based on their trust values. A threshold value is assigned and if the nodes trust value is greater than this value its marked as trustworthy node and allowed to participate in rout ing else the node is marked untrustworthy. The ST- AODV increases PDR and decreases delay thereby enha ncing the QoS metrics and trustworthiness in AODV based MANET routing. The work is implemented a nd simulated on NS-2. The simulation result shows the proposed ST-AODV provides more trustworth y routing compared with general AODV in presence of packet dropping nodes in MANET.

  11. The Confidence Information Ontology: a step towards a standard for asserting confidence in annotations

    OpenAIRE

    Bastian F.B.; Chibucos M.C.; Gaudet P.; Giglio M.; Holliday G.L.; Huang H; Lewis S.E.; Niknejad A.; Orchard S.; Poux S.; Skunca N.; Robinson-Rechavi M.

    2015-01-01

    Biocuration has become a cornerstone for analyses in biology, and to meet needs, the amount of annotations has considerably grown in recent years. However, the reliability of these annotations varies; it has thus become necessary to be able to assess the confidence in annotations. Although several resources already provide confidence information about the annotations that they produce, a standard way of providing such information has yet to be defined. This lack of standardization undermines ...

  12. Personality and facial morphology: Links to assertiveness and neuroticism in capuchins (Sapajus [Cebus] apella)

    OpenAIRE

    Wilson, V; Lefevre, C. E.; Morton, F. B.; Brosnan, S.F.; Paukner, A.; Bates, T C

    2013-01-01

    Personality has important links to health, social status, and life history outcomes (e.g. longevity and reproductive success). Human facial morphology appears to signal aspects of one’s personality to others, raising questions about the evolutionary origins of such associations (e.g. signals of mate quality). Studies in non-human primates may help to achieve this goal: for instance, facial width-to-height ratio (fWHR) in the male face has been associated with dominance not only in humans but ...

  13. Economic Dependence and Unprotected Sex: The Role of Sexual Assertiveness among Young Urban Mothers

    OpenAIRE

    Biello, Katie Brooks; Heather L Sipsma; Ickovics, Jeannette R.; Kershaw, Trace

    2010-01-01

    In the USA, sexual intercourse is the leading route of human immunodeficiency virus transmission among women, primarily through their main partner. Because male condom use is not directly under a woman's control, gender inequalities may help shape this sexual risk behavior. To examine this association, data came from follow-up interviews of young, primarily minority, pregnant women enrolled in a prospective, randomized controlled trial. Specifically, we aimed to determine the relationship bet...

  14. Assertion of environmental interests in administrative proceedings exemplified by general alignment planning

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In his analysis of the proceedings of town and country planning the author shows that the enforcement of environmental interests can be followed in two different ways. The procedural enforcement of environmental interests that is characterized by a direct reference to an individual is obtained primarily through the people concerned by the plan, namely through participation of the public and a complaint to the Administrative Court. The procedural enforcement of environmental interests, however, that lack such an individual reference is carried out by official bodies, that can do so by means of an environmental compatibility test. The amalgamation in respect to form and contents between those two segmences of proceedings and the resulting control mechanism has already been mentioned. (orig./HSCH)

  15. On the assertion that PCT violation implies Lorentz non-invariance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Out of conviction or expediency, some current research programs (Kostelecký (2008) , Kostelecký and Russell (2011) , Ferrero and Altschul (2011) , Anselmi (2009) ) take for granted that “PCT violation implies violation of Lorentz invariance”. We point out that this claim (Greenberg (2002) ) is still on somewhat shaky ground. In fact, for many years there has been no strengthening of the evidence in this direction. However, using causal perturbation theory, we prove here that when starting with a local PCT-invariant interaction, PCT symmetry can be maintained in the process of renormalization.

  16. The Effectiveness of Group Assertiveness Training on Happiness in Rural Adolescent Females with Substance Abusing Parents

    OpenAIRE

    Hojjat, Seyed Kaveh; Golmakani, Ebrahim; Khalili, Mina Norozi; Chenarani, Maryam Shakeri; Hamidi, Mahin; Akaberi, Arash; Ardani, Amir Rezaei

    2015-01-01

    Background: Parental substance abuse confronts children with a variety of psychological, social, and behavioral problems. Children of substance abusing parents show higher levels of psychiatric disorders including anxiety and depression and exert lower levels of communication skills. Weak social skills in this group of adolescents put them at a higher risk for substance abuse. Many studies showed school based interventions such as life skill training can effective on future substance abusing ...

  17. LEVEL OF SELF-RESPECT AND ASSERTIVENESS SKILLS AND TEACHERS’ EDUCATIONAL COMPETENCES

    OpenAIRE

    Romanowska-Tolloczko Anna; Nowak Agata; Gnitecka Jolanta

    2015-01-01

    Цель : Определение уровня самооценки и уверенности в себе учителей. Определение существования связи между измеряемыми элементами и корреляции образовательных компетенций. Материал и методы: исследовательская группа состояла из 275 учителей различных предметов, работающих в начальных школах. Были использованы: польская адаптация шкалы оценки SES M.Rosenberga, анкета уверенности - шкала «Я и другие» P.Majewicza, а также анкета исследования профессиональных компетенций учителя Романовской-Толлоч...

  18. A study of coolant thermal mixing within CANDU fuel bundles using ASSERT-PV

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper presents the results of a study of the thermal mixing of single-phase coolant in 28-element CANDU fuel bundles. The approach taken in the present work is to identify the physical mechanisms contributing to coolant mixing, and to systematically assess the importance of each mechanism. Coupled effects were also considered by flow simulation with mixing mechanisms modelled simultaneously. For the limited range of operating conditions considered and when all mixing mechanisms were modelled simultaneously, the flow was found to be very close to fully mixed. A preliminary model of coolant mixing, suitable for use in the fuel and fuel channel code FACTAR, is also presented. (author)

  19. Applications: fission, nuclear reactors. Safety, its importance assertion and its implementation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The various safety levels for nuclear reactors are reviewed: the first one is related to the quality of design, the second one to the assurance of quality during operation, the third one to the safety measures limiting the system and material failure consequences, the fourth one to the management of severe accidents, and the fifth one to the population safety measures. In parallel to these deterministic measures, probabilistic studies have been also undertaken in order to evaluate risks dealing with the core fusion, radioactive product release and effects on population. Safety is also concerned with material and electronic material ageing, software reliability, fire risks and diphasic thermohydraulics

  20. Sweden and the making of nuclear non-proliferation: from indecision to assertiveness

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Swedish research on nuclear weapons started at a modest scale in 1945 but was soon expanded. By the early 1950s the research programme started to face some of the problems that were going to accompany it for the rest of its life: different priorities and cost-estimates were made by the sectors that wanted to develop nuclear energy and those working on the bomb. Moreover, an introduction of nuclear weapons would lead to a major redistribution of resources to the disadvantage of the navy and army. The public and political debates intensified during the 1950s and culminated in 1960. At first, pro-nuclear voices had been strongest but were soon challenged by interest groups, unions and peace movements. 1960, a committee within the government had established a compromise: Nuclear weapons research for production of weapons would be terminated, while research on the consequences of nuclear weapons would continue. It was a cosmetic decision that could cover for a continued research on weapons design. Nevertheless, there are some general qualities from the debates that indicate why the outcome was that Sweden signed the NPT in 1968. First, the number of interested persons, groups movements and party politicians engaged in the issue increased every time the issue came up. Secondly, the segments of society that supported the nuclear option remained roughly the same. No strong movements rallied to the defence of this position. On the other hand, the anti-nuclear wing received more and more followers. Third, there was a marked tendency by virtually all actors (except the military) to include every sign of progress in international disarmament and non-proliferation efforts as arguments against Swedish proliferation. Since 1968, the non-proliferation choice has ben manifested through Sweden''s adherence to the NPT and this has been accompanied by a strong commitment to other non-proliferation initiatives

  1. Assertive and Responsive Conversational Skills of Italian-Speaking Late Talkers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bonifacio, Serena; Girolametto, Luigi; Bulligan, Manuela; Callegari, Monica; Vignola, Sandra; Zocconi, Elisabetta

    2007-01-01

    Background: Previous research on the pragmatic abilities of late talkers at 24 months of age indicates that they have difficulties initiating conversational interactions, but possess intact responsiveness skills. This study uses a parent-administered questionnaire for evaluating the conversational skills of late talkers and suggesting pragmatic…

  2. Lamb Buddha's migrant workers: self-assertion on China's urban fringe

    OpenAIRE

    Michael Brian Griffiths

    2010-01-01

    This paper presents an analysis of the everyday practices of individuality among the migrant workers with whom I worked at “Lamb Buddha”, a hotpot restaurant in Anshan City, Liaoning Province, during the summer of 2007. The majority of the data comes from four young men, meaning that the analysis complements extant studies of Chinese female migrant workers by allowing male-gendered inflections of discourse prominence. The paper examines the internal structure of “symbolic boundaries” drawn an...

  3. Design of Logic Controllers Thanks to Symbolic Computation of Simultaneously Asserted Boolean Equations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-Marc Roussel

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Formal methods can strongly contribute to improve dependability of controllers during design, by providing means to avoid flaws due to designers' omissions or specifications misinterpretations. This paper presents a synthesis method dedicated to logic controllers. Its goal is to obtain the control laws from specifications given in natural language by symbolic computation. The formal framework that underlies this method is the Boolean algebra of n-variable switching functions. In this algebra, thanks to relations and theorems presented in this paper, it is possible to formally express logical controllers specifications, to automatically detect inconsistencies in specifications, and to obtain automatically the set of solutions or to choose an optimal solution according to given optimization criteria. The application of this synthesis method to an example allows illustrating its main advantages.

  4. Correlated biased random walk with latency in one and two dimensions: Asserting patterned and unpredictable movement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodriguez-Horta, E.; Estevez-Rams, E.; Lora-Serrano, R.; Fernández, B. Aragón

    2016-09-01

    The correlated biased random walk with latency in one and two dimensions is discussed with regard to the portion of irreducible random movement and structured movement. It is shown how a quantitative analysis can be carried out by using computational mechanics. The stochastic matrix for both dynamics are reported. Latency introduces new states in the finite state machine description of the system in both dimensions, allowing for a full nearest neighbor coordination in the two dimensional case. Complexity analysis is used to characterize the movement, independently of the set of control parameters, making it suitable for the discussion of other random walk models. The complexity map of the system dynamics is reported for the two dimensional case.

  5. The Role of Science in the Information Society asserted in CERN conference

    CERN Document Server

    2004-01-01

    A key objective of the RSIS conference (CERN, 8-9 December) was to respond to a challenge made by the UN Secretary-General, Kofi Annan, last March, when he called on the world's scientists to work with the United Nations to extend the benefits of modern science to developing countries. In hosting the Role of Science in the Information Society (RSIS) conference, CERN took a bold step forward into the policy arena. The conference, which was organised jointly by CERN, UNESCO, the International Council for Science, and the Third World Academy of Sciences, was held at CERN on 8-9 December as a Summit Event to the first phase of the World Summit on the Information Society (Geneva, 10-12 December). "This event has helped to develop a vision for how information and communication technologies can be applied for the greater benefit of all," said Luciano Maiani, Director General of CERN until the end of 2003, who gave a summary of the conference. The globalisation of the information society has the...

  6. Asserting or Deflecting Expertise? Exploring the Rhetorical Practices of Master's Theses in the Philosophy of Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peters, Stephen

    2011-01-01

    This paper is a preliminary investigation into how the context of student life influences student writing. Specifically, activity theory is drawn upon to explore how the role of assessment affects students' attempts to participate in knowledge-producing communities, a relatively under-researched aspect of student writing. To identify rhetorical…

  7. City branding : An effective assertion of identity or a transitory marketing trick?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kavaratzis, M; Ashworth, GJ

    2005-01-01

    Cities throughout Europe are increasingly importing the concept and techniques of product branding for use within place marketing, in pursuit of wider urban management goals, especially within the new conditions created by European integration. However, there is as yet little consensus about the nat

  8. "Being Underdog": Supporting Nonnative English-Speaking Teachers (NNESTs) in Claiming and Asserting Professional Legitimacy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reis, D. S.

    2012-01-01

    The author reports on a case study investigating how one nonnative English-speaking teacher (NNEST) struggled to claim professional legitimacy as a university-level ESL writing instructor. Using Vygotskian sociocultural theory (Vygotsky, 1978, 1986; Wertsch, 1985) and Bucholtz and Hall's (2005) indexicality principle, the author explores the…

  9. News for Consumer Citizens: Corporate Pressure, Political Criticism and Middle Class Assertion in the Indian Media

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ursula Rao

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Mass media have always played a crucial role for negotiating the image of the nation. This holds true also for India. My article reflects changes in the Indian media market and examines how reshaped media outlets contribute towards generating fresh images of the nation for public consumption. The focus is on English language newspapers which are consumed by the growing Indian middle classes. How do newspapers influence the relation between commerce and politics and shape its public images? The case study elaborates the role journalists play towards shaping a public culture that devalues politics and hails consumerism. I argue that in a high pressure corporate environment reporters find a new voice as political commentators while accommodating within a discursive formation that promotes positive thinking about corporations, markets and commodities. News articles are an uneasy compromise that implement companies’ directives, realise a critical political ethos and expresse a longing for a new India.

  10. INFLUENCING MECHANISMS – PERSUASION, ASSERTION AND BRIDGING – KEY SKILLS FOR A SUCCESSFUL SALES MANAGER

    OpenAIRE

    Gabriel TOADER

    2011-01-01

    In any relationship, both parties have power which will ebb and flow over time. The manager needs to understand the types of power they have, the power available to his organizational network and the power available to his clients. The manager will not necessarily have line control over the internal – organizational – resources and therefore will need to influence individuals and departments to support their external main clients. Before exploring the different types of influence it is import...

  11. On the asserted clash between the Freud and the Bianchi identities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Antoci, S.

    1995-09-01

    Through a constructive method it is shown that the claim advanced in recent times about a clash that should occur between the Freud and the Bianchi identities in Einstein's general theory of relativity is based on a faulty argument.

  12. On the Asserted Clash between the Freud and the Bianchi Identities

    CERN Document Server

    Antoci, S

    1995-01-01

    Through a constructive method it is shown that the claim advanced in recent times about a clash that should occur between the Freud and the Bianchi identities in Einstein's general theory of relativity is based on a faulty argument.

  13. States of the Business Concepts Model: Structural Assertions' Impact on Natural Language Business Rules

    OpenAIRE

    Svensson, Björn; van Biert, Lucas

    2014-01-01

    Organizations constantly need to adapt to the rapidly changing macro environment. Information systems, that hinder and restrain flexibility, may jeopardize the ability for organizations to survive. A new method for developing information systems called the Business Rules Approach has emerged with promises of business agility. The Business Rules Approach focuses on business rules which are reliant on a Business Concepts Model for their structure and vocabulary. This paper examines the rela...

  14. A description of the semiotic metaphor in biology teaching: assertions about the animal cell

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marlon Dantas Trevisan

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available The main objective of this survey is describing signly the metaphor learning resource, with focus on biology education. Our teorical reference is the peircean semiotics, because it means solid heritage to code surveys implicated at science education, it led us to do an explanation about the main lines about that reference, addressed to researchers and lecturers interested in those reasonings. In the description yearned, another objectives appear: demonstrate diferences between metaphor/analogy and pragmatic analogy; to list metaphors, from cell representation analysis, and argue about principals diferences and probable cognitive consequences between the metaphor event in the visual representation and speech sentences. Therefore we analysed the animal cell of a high school first grade studying book – biology – cell biology – used by São Paulo and another state students. The findings demonstrate the undeniable importance of the metaphor as a learning tool in the biology education, and new findings about that, such as its limits in the concept elaboration, gnosiologic consequences for receptioning, the search needs for propositions– pictures between concept relations – in the science speech construction, and other results.

  15. A description of the semiotic metaphor in biology teaching: assertions about the animal cell

    OpenAIRE

    Marlon Dantas Trevisan; Marcelo Carbone Carneiro

    2010-01-01

    The main objective of this survey is describing signly the metaphor learning resource, with focus on biology education. Our teorical reference is the peircean semiotics, because it means solid heritage to code surveys implicated at science education, it led us to do an explanation about the main lines about that reference, addressed to researchers and lecturers interested in those reasonings. In the description yearned, another objectives appear: demonstrate diferences between metaphor/analo...

  16. Enclosure resistance in Middlesex, 1656 - 1889: a study of common right assertion

    OpenAIRE

    Carter, Paul

    1998-01-01

    This study provides a detailed examination of resistance to enclosure in Middlesex from the closing stages of the English Republic to the late Victorian period. The evidence presented in the following chapters establishes that resistance was widely spread both over time, (before, during and after any individual enclosure) and geographical location within the county. The study itself is divided into four general sections. The first section is divided into two chapters each having a separate...

  17. Assertive toddler, self-efficacious adult: Child temperament predicts personality over 40 years

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Blatný, Marek; Jelínek, Martin; Osecká, Terezie

    2007-01-01

    Roč. 43, č. 8 (2007), s. 2127-2136. ISSN 0191-8869 R&D Projects: GA ČR GA406/06/1408 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z70250504 Keywords : Personality stability and change * early child temperament * adult personality Subject RIV: AN - Psychology Impact factor: 1.400, year: 2007

  18. Use of Statechart Assertions for Modeling Human-in-the-Loop Security Analysis and Decision-Making Processes

    OpenAIRE

    Schumann, Michael A.

    2012-01-01

    Processes are a fundamental component of most activities undertaken by humans. In software engineering and information assurance, in particular, it is important that processes be understandable, documented, and repeatable so as to ensure that the process outcomes are consistent and predictable. This dissertation provides a novel approach to process creation, documentation, checking, and maintenance that applies mathematical formalism to the engineering of processes that rely in large measure ...

  19. Asserting our place in the “value of libraries” conversation: the evolving role and future of cataloguing

    OpenAIRE

    Borie, Juliya; Macdonald, Kate; Sze, Elisa

    2014-01-01

    With the widespread availability of online resources and the associated expectations from library users that these resources be easy to find, libraries must offer increasingly sophisticated and seamless access to their collections and services. As a result, much of the recent library literature, including research reports from major library associations such as OCLC’s Perceptions of Libraries, 2010: Context and Community; ACRL’s The Value of Academic Libraries: A Comprehensive Research Review...

  20. The Evolution of Political Control of the Romanian Laws. The Stimuli of Assertion of the Control Policy during the Communism

    OpenAIRE

    Mircea Criste

    2010-01-01

    The jurisdictional review, a control carried out by an organ independent in relation to the legislative, seems definitively won for the constitutionalist world. In the absence of expresses dispositions that regulate the control of constitutionality, the judiciary decided that this right belong to him in a very naturally way, as an issue of the separation of power and of the function that he fills. Because he was controlling the acts of the Parliament, the judge won a strong position in relati...

  1. The Evolution of Political Control of the Romanian Laws. The Stimuli of Assertion of the Control Policy during the Communism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mircea Criste

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available The jurisdictional review, a control carried out by an organ independent in relation to the legislative, seems definitively won for the constitutionalist world. In the absence of expresses dispositions that regulate the control of constitutionality, the judiciary decided that this right belong to him in a very naturally way, as an issue of the separation of power and of the function that he fills. Because he was controlling the acts of the Parliament, the judge won a strong position in relation to the legislative power. This situation could not be accepted by a powerful legislative. While presenting itself as mandatory of the sovereignty of the people, it claims for him the right to control his own acts.However, in the case of Romania such a manifestation demonstration intervened only in Communist period. After a presentation of the conditions in which the constitutional review is passed to thepolitical, the second part of the article will present how this control is exert by an organ dependent to the Parliament.

  2. Picking Up the Mantle of "Expert": Assigned Roles, Assertion of Identity, and Peer Recognition within a Programming Class

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fields, Deborah; Enyedy, Noel

    2013-01-01

    Changing an established role in a classroom is difficult. It involves constructing a new set of relations within a community. In this article we investigate how students with newly developed interest and experience in programming developed outside the classroom pick up and establish their roles as experts in programming within the classroom…

  3. Sexual Revictimization during Women's First Year of College: Self-Blame and Sexual Refusal Assertiveness as Possible Mechanisms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Katz, Jennifer; May, Pamela; Sorensen, Silvia; DelTosta, Jill

    2010-01-01

    Although sexual victimization during adolescence increases risk for later revictimization, mechanisms for increased risk among new college students have not been identified. Female undergraduates (N = 87) were assessed at the start and end of their first academic year. Those who reported initial sexual victimization at Time 1 were more likely than…

  4. Analysis on the Level of Assertiveness of the Athletes Took Part in Eliminations for Adults Taekwondo National Team

    OpenAIRE

    Taner YILMAZ; Mehmet ACET; Metin ŞAHİN; CANBAZ, Muammer

    2015-01-01

    Atılgan olmayı birçok faktör etkileyebilir. Kadının geleneksel kız kardeş ve bakıcı rolü zaman zaman onun katı ve otoriter davranarak saldırgan olmasına, zaman zamanda pasif davranmasına neden olmaktadır. Bu çalışmanın amacı 2014 yılı Türkiye büyükler taekwondo milli takım seçmelerine katılan sporcuların atılganlık düzeylerinin incelenmesidir. Bu araştırmaya; yaş ortalaması 20,39 olan 56 bayan sporcu ve yaş ortalaması 21,12 olan 106 erkek sporcu katılmıştır. Toplam 162 katılımcının atılganlık...

  5. 40 CFR 2.203 - Notice to be included in EPA requests, demands, and forms; method of asserting business...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Notice to be included in EPA requests... at time of submission. 2.203 Section 2.203 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY..., proprietary, or company confidential. Allegedly confidential portions of otherwise non-confidential...

  6. Pausing and activating thread state upon pin assertion by external logic monitoring polling loop exit time condition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Dong; Giampapa, Mark; Heidelberger, Philip; Ohmacht, Martin; Satterfield, David L; Steinmacher-Burow, Burkhard; Sugavanam, Krishnan

    2013-05-21

    A system and method for enhancing performance of a computer which includes a computer system including a data storage device. The computer system includes a program stored in the data storage device and steps of the program are executed by a processer. The processor processes instructions from the program. A wait state in the processor waits for receiving specified data. A thread in the processor has a pause state wherein the processor waits for specified data. A pin in the processor initiates a return to an active state from the pause state for the thread. A logic circuit is external to the processor, and the logic circuit is configured to detect a specified condition. The pin initiates a return to the active state of the thread when the specified condition is detected using the logic circuit.

  7. An implication of Gödel's incompleteness theorem II: Not referring to the validity of oneself's assertion

    OpenAIRE

    Kitada, Hitoshi

    2011-01-01

    In [10] we reviewed Gödel's incompleteness theorem and gave a new proof along with an application which leads to a contradiction when applying the Gödel's discussion to the set theory ZFC itself. We stated a possible solution to avoid contradiction by removing the self-reference by appealing to the axiomatic formulation of a theory with referring to its validity in no explicit ways. We will in this paper give a more specific possible solution that one can avoid the Gödel typ...

  8. The effect of five years versus two years of specialised assertive intervention for first episode psychosis - OPUS II

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Melau, Marianne; Jeppesen, Pia; Thorup, Anne;

    2011-01-01

    substance abuse, treatment adherence, lower dosage of antipsychotic medication, and a higher treatment satisfaction. However, three years after end of the OPUS treatment, the positive clinical effects were not sustained, except that OPUS-treated patients were significantly less likely to be...

  9. Development of a Medication Monitoring System for an Integrated Multidisciplinary Program of Assertive Community Treatment (IMPACT) Team

    OpenAIRE

    Nicole B. Washington, DO, Assistant Professor; Nancy C. Brahm, PharmD, MS, BCPP, CGP, Clinical Professor; Bruce R. Winchester, PharmD Candidate; Sarah C. Watkins, PharmD Candidate

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: The primary goal was to improve medication management oversight for a severely mentally ill (SMI) community-based population by developing a medication monitoring system based on current guidelines to optimize pharmacotherapy and minimize potential medication-related adverse effects. The secondary goal was improvement in coordination of care between healthcare providers. Methods: Guidelines for medication used for psychiatric indications were reviewed. A database of medication for ps...

  10. The Chinese business community at a crossroads between crisis response and China’s assertive global strategy : the case of Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Bongardt, Annette; SANTOS NEVES, Miguel

    2014-01-01

    This paper assesses the transformation of the Chinese business community in Portugal in result of the interaction between China’s ‘Go Global’ policy and the impact of the 2008/2009 global crisis. It analyses the small-business community’s coping strategies; the impact of recent large-scale Chinese direct investments; and changes to Portuguese immigration laws. It concludes that the small-business community adopted pro-active coping strategies and re-assessed its insertion patterns in the loca...

  11. ASSERT - The Autism Symptom SElf-ReporT for adolescents and adults: Bifactor analysis and validation in a large adolescent population

    OpenAIRE

    Posserud, Maj-Britt Rocio; Breivik, Kyrre; Gillberg, Christopher; Lundervold, Astri

    2013-01-01

    With a view to developing a brief screening instrument for autism symptoms in a general population of adolescents, seven items from the Asperger syndrome (and high-functioning autism) diagnostic interview were adapted for use as self-report in an online questionnaire for youths aged 16–19 years (N = 10,220). The selected items target lack of social understanding (4 items) and rigid and repetitive behavior and interests (RRBI; 3 items). Factor analyses were performed, and the seven items were ...

  12. Comparison of changes in bone density and turnover with abacavir-lamivudine versus tenofovir-emtricitabine in HIV-infected adults: 48-week results from the ASSERT study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stellbrink, Hans-Jürgen; Orkin, Chloe; Arribas, Jose Ramon;

    2010-01-01

    Abacavir-lamivudine and tenofovir DF-emtricitabine fixed-dose combinations are commonly used as first-line antiretroviral therapies. However, few studies have comprehensively compared their relative safety profiles....

  13. Relaciones interpersonales adecuadas mediante una comunicación y conducta asertivas / Adequate human relationships through an assertive conducts and communication

    OpenAIRE

    Naranjo Pereira, María Luisa

    2008-01-01

    Resumen: Este artículo trata sobre la comunicación y la conducta asertivas como habilidades sociales, las cuales pueden ser desarrolladas y, de esta forma, mejorar el desempeño en las relaciones interpersonales. Se presentan diversas concepciones teóricas acerca de la asertividad, entendida básicamente como autoafirmación personal, la capacidad de respetar los derechos propios y los ajenos, y poder expresar de manera apropiada los sentimientos y pensamientos sin producir angustia o agresivida...

  14. Does ductal lavage assert its role as a noninvasive diagnostic modality to identify women at low risk of breast cancer development?

    OpenAIRE

    Konstandiadou, Ioanna; Mastoraki, Aikaterini; Kotsilianou, Olympia; Karakitsos, Petros; Athanasas, George; Smyrniotis, Vasilios; Arkadopoulos, Nikolaos

    2012-01-01

    Objective Ductal lavage (DL) involves evaluation of the ductal system of the breast for detection of intra-ductal carcinomas and precursor lesions by collecting breast epithelial cells using a small-gauge catheter inserted into a ductal orifice on the nipple. The aim of this survey was to analyze cytologic features of samples obtained from low-risk women with DL and to elucidate the efficacy of this diagnostic modality in evaluating fluid production, cannulating and determining atypical breas...

  15. Does ductal lavage assert its role as a noninvasive diagnostic modality to identify women at low risk of breast cancer development?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Konstandiadou, Ioanna; Kotsilianou, Olympia; Karakitsos, Petros; Athanasas, George; Smyrniotis, Vasilios; Arkadopoulos, Nikolaos

    2012-01-01

    Objective Ductal lavage (DL) involves evaluation of the ductal system of the breast for detection of intra-ductal carcinomas and precursor lesions by collecting breast epithelial cells using a small-gauge catheter inserted into a ductal orifice on the nipple. The aim of this survey was to analyze cytologic features of samples obtained from low-risk women with DL and to elucidate the efficacy of this diagnostic modality in evaluating fluid production, cannulating and determining atypical breast epithelial cells. Methods Into this prospective study were consecutively registered 80 women between ages 28 to 67. Nipple aspiration was performed to identify all fluid-yielding ducts. According to the grading of specific features the interpretation of the sample included: normal/benign (category, 0), mild atypical (category, I), markedly atypical (category, II) or malignant (category, III) disorders. Results Ninety five percent (316/334) of the nipple aspirate fluid samples were classified as category 0, 4.8% (16/334) as category I and 0.2% (2/334) as category II changes. Category III disorders were not detected. Therefore, in 80% of the women examined results were within normal limits while 17.5% of the participants presented mild atypical and 2.5% markedly atypical rates. Conclusion DL collection procedure proved to be rapid as well as acceptable by the women studied. It retains the advantage over other methods of nipple aspirate fluid in that it is easy to perform, thereby removing most clinician variability. It also helped low risk women to discriminate those with breast disorders that require additional investigation, further follow-up or administration of preventive medication. PMID:22523627

  16. Assertive or antiquated: ProMedica vows to appeal loss against FTC as questions loom over whether mergers lead to efficiencies or clout.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carlson, Joe

    2011-12-12

    ProMedica vows to fight the feds over the acquisition of St. Luke's Hospital. Here is what they have to say. "The cost of healthcare is a real problem for all Americans, and the commission seeks to address this national problem by using all the tools Congress gave to us, and by devoting significant resources so that competition will enable market participants to deliver on the promises of cost-containment and continued excellence and innovation," says the FTC's Jon Leibowitz. PMID:22299225

  17. The monastery of St.Benedict of Cástris as a space of assertion and power: from the mystic marriage to musical praxis

    OpenAIRE

    Conde, Antónia Fialho; Lalanda, Margarida Sá Nogueira

    2015-01-01

    The life in contemplative female communities was characterized by the ideal of purity fostered in the monasteries and based on the vows of chastity, poverty and obedience, reinforced by the cloistered life. Especially from the Council of Trent, in Portugal as in Europe, its compliance underlines the paradigms of virtue: the religious woman should be unique in patience, humility, mortification, piety and charity. In this environment, increasingly demanding since the late Middle Ages, betting o...

  18. "He is still unwanted": women's assertions of authority over abortion in letters to the Royal Commission on the Status of Women in Canada.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stettner, Shannon

    2012-01-01

    Throughout the 1960s, the public abortion debate was dominated by men. While women's voices were not absent, they are harder to locate. This article highlights one forum in which women eloquently expressed their feelings about abortion. In submissions to the Royal Commission on the Status of Women in Canada, women demonstrated their "right" to speak on the issue in many ways, including by sharing their experiences as mothers or with unplanned and unwanted pregnancies; referencing their professional lives, especially in care giving fields; and drawing moral authority from or opposing religious beliefs. This article analyzes women's efforts to convey their authority to speak to the legality of abortion, highlighting a component of the 1960s abortion law reform discussion often overlooked. PMID:22849255

  19. Five-Year Cohort Study of Nosema spp. in Germany: Does Climate Shape Virulence and Assertiveness of Nosema ceranae?▿ †

    OpenAIRE

    Gisder, Sebastian; Hedtke, Kati; Möckel, Nadine; Frielitz, Marie-Charlotte; Linde, Andreas; Genersch, Elke

    2010-01-01

    Nosema ceranae and Nosema apis are two fungal pathogens belonging to the phylum Microsporidia and infecting the European honeybee, Apis mellifera. Recent studies have suggested that N. ceranae is more virulent than N. apis both at the individual insect level and at the colony level. Severe colony losses could be attributed to N. ceranae infections, and an unusual form of nosemosis is caused by this pathogen. In the present study, data from a 5-year cohort study of the prevalence of Nosema spp...

  20. Acceptability of Behavioral Bully Interventions: Mexican Descent and White American Elementary School Students' Ratings of Assertiveness and Seeking Adult Help Skills

    OpenAIRE

    Healey, Devin J

    2008-01-01

    Research has demonstrated the effectiveness of school-based interventions for children to use to deal with being bullied. However, the research has not looked at the effectiveness of these interventions for Latino students. These students come to school with different cultural experiences and values. In theory, treatment that is evaluated as acceptable and potentially effective is more likely to be used. This study investigates and compares the treatment acceptability ratings of White America...

  1. Comparison of Changes in Bone Density and Turnover with Abacavir-Lamivudine versus Tenofovir-Emtricitabine in HIV-Infected Adults : 48-Week Results from the ASSERT Study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Stellbrink, Hans-Juergen; Orkin, Chloe; Arribas, Jose Ramon; Compston, Juliet; Gerstoft, Jan; Van Wijngaerden, Eric; Lazzarin, Adriano; Rizzardini, Giuliano; Sprenger, Herman G.; Lambert, John; Sture, Gunta; Leather, David; Hughes, Sara; Zucchi, Patrizia; Pearce, Helen

    2010-01-01

    Background. Abacavir-lamivudine and tenofovir DF-emtricitabine fixed-dose combinations are commonly used as first-line antiretroviral therapies. However, few studies have comprehensively compared their relative safety profiles. Methods. In this European, multicenter, open-label, 96-week study, antir

  2. Comparison of changes in bone density and turnover with abacavir-lamivudine versus tenofovir-emtricitabine in HIV-infected adults: 48-week results from the ASSERT study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stellbrink, Hans-Jürgen; Orkin, Chloe; Arribas, Jose Ramon;

    2010-01-01

    Abacavir-lamivudine and tenofovir DF-emtricitabine fixed-dose combinations are commonly used as first-line antiretroviral therapies. However, few studies have comprehensively compared their relative safety profiles.......Abacavir-lamivudine and tenofovir DF-emtricitabine fixed-dose combinations are commonly used as first-line antiretroviral therapies. However, few studies have comprehensively compared their relative safety profiles....

  3. NF ISO 14064-3. Greenhouse gases. - Part 3: specifications with guidance for the validation and verification of greenhouse gas assertions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This document describes methodology for validation and monitoring of inventories or projects. Thus it suggests a framework to facilitate the granting of credits and changes relating to greenhouse gas emission reduction or deletions increases. It provides a definition of the terms used, the principles, the ethical conduct, the validation and verification requirements. (A.L.B.)

  4. China-Russia relations in Central Asia. Energy policy, Beijing's new assertiveness and 21{sup st} century geopolitics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Eder, Thomas Stephan [Wien Univ. (Austria). Inst. fuer Ostasienwissenschaften

    2014-07-01

    Publication in the field of social sciences. As China rises to global power status, its relations with other major powers, including Russia, are constantly renegotiated. Energy figures prominently in both countries' foreign policy. An extensive analysis of Chinese language sources - academic debate 1997-2012 - confirms a collision of interests over Central Asian reserves. While unanimous appeals to compromise render previous predictions of impending confrontation unconvincing, descriptions of Sino-Central Asian energy relations as ''central to energy security'', and the explicit rejection of a Russian ''sphere of influence'', also exclude a retreat. In the long term, China will likely replace Russia as the dominant force in Central Asia's energy sector, causing the Kremlin to perceive another ''encroachment''. The current notion of a ''strategic partnership'' will inevitably be challenged.

  5. ASERTIVNН ZPŮSOB KOMUNIKACE

    OpenAIRE

    Mikљovskб, Ja

    2012-01-01

    This article discusses the phenomenon of assertive behavior. The sense of confidence and healthy self-assertion are investigated. The difference between assertiveness, aggressiveness and passivity is explained

  6. La comunicación y la asertividad del discurso durante las interacciones grupales presenciales y por computadora Communication and assertiveness on the discourse during face-to-face and computer-mediated group interactions

    OpenAIRE

    Nancy Noemí Terroni

    2009-01-01

    En este trabajo se reportan los resultados del análisis reticular en la comunicación, y los puntajes de la asertividad del discurso de los partipantes de pequeños grupos que resuelven una tarea de recuperación de memoria (La guerra de los fantasmas, Bartlett, 1932). El diseño es cuasiexperimental y los 90 participantes alumnos de la Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata, debieron reconstruir la misma en forma grupal colaborativa. Los sujetos fueron asignados aleatoriamente a los grupos y a la...

  7. Randomized comparison of renal effects, efficacy, and safety with once-daily abacavir/lamivudine versus tenofovir/emtricitabine, administered with efavirenz, in antiretroviral-naive, HIV-1-infected adults: 48-week results from the ASSERT study

    OpenAIRE

    Post, F; Moyle, G.; Stellbrink, H; Domingo, P.; D Podzamczer; Fisher, M.; Norden, A; Cavassini, M; A Rieger; Khuong-Josses, MA; Branco, T; Pearce, H.; Givens, N; Vavro, C; Lim, M.

    2010-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Abacavir/lamivudine and tenofovir/emtricitabine fixed-dose combinations are commonly used first-line antiretroviral therapies, yet few studies have comprehensively compared their safety profiles. METHODS: Forty-eight-week data are presented from this multicenter, randomized, open-label study comparing the safety profiles of abacavir/lamivudine and tenofovir/emtricitabine, both administered with efavirenz, in HLA-B*5701-negative HIV-1-infected adults. RESULTS: Three hundred e...

  8. Mestiçagem, igualdade e afirmação da diferença: pensando a política de cotas na universidade Miscegenation, equality and asserting differences: thinking on quota policies in the university

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandra Azeredo

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available Escrito num momento em que no Brasil a mestiçagem estava na ordem do dia, pela relação que se estabelecia entre ela e a questão das cotas nas universidades para pessoas pobres, negras e indígenas, contida no anteprojeto de reforma universitária proposto pelo Ministério da Educação, este ensaio se inspirou no trabalho de Gloria Anzaldúa no sentido de contribuir para o debate sobre a introdução de cotas, através da discussão da noção de mestiçagem, analisando a fundamentação do anteprojeto formulada pelo então ministro da Educação, Tarso Genro, e por Boaventura de Sousa Santos e quatro textos publicados na época com posições contrárias à introdução de cotas. Tomando como base o conceito de consciência mestiça de Anzaldúa, o ensaio termina por argumentar que a reforma pressupõe uma reestruturação profunda da universidade, que está em crise justamente por seu caráter excludente ao longo de sua história.This essay was written during the intense debate in Brazil around the introduction of affirmative action in the public universities according to a project proposed by the Ministry of Education. Inspired in the work of Gloria Anzaldúa, this article contributes to the debate by discussing the notion of miscegenation. The essay analyzes some texts that argue in favor of the Ministry's project, as well texts that present a dissenting view. Taking as its point of departure Anzaldúa's concept of consciencia mestiza, the essay contends that to introduce a project of affirmative action in the public university system in Brazil requires a radical restructuring of the university, since the crises that confronts this institution emanates from its exclusionary practices.

  9. Seen and Heard: Teaching Kids To Stand Up for Themselves.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hess, Lisa Lawmaster

    1997-01-01

    Presents a framework for teaching upper elementary students about assertiveness: teaching them differences between passive, aggressive, and assertive behavior; encouraging role playing; discussing when assertive behavior is appropriate; constantly reinforcing the lessons; and teaching alternatives. Tips for assertive communication are provided.…

  10. A AFIRMAÇÃO DA CULTURA BRASILEIRA: DOS SERTÕES DA BAHIA ÀS METAMORFOSES DE CASAS-GRANDES E DE SENZALAS / The assertion of Brazilian culture: from the hinterland of Bahia to the metamorphoses of big houses and slave quarters

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Afranio García

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo examina a contribuição de escritores ensaístas para a valorização da coletividade brasileira entre os anos de 1930 a 1960, substituindo a preocupação com a degenerescência de um povo de mestiços, pela objetivação da pesada herança histórica deixada pelo regime escravocrata das grandes plantações coloniais. Inicialmente é estudada a obra de Euclides da Cunha -Os Sertões- onde o significado do massacre de Canudos é amplificado por sua concepção como vinculado à liquidação do embrião de nova raça forte originada do cruzamento de brancos com índios. O estudo de três das obras fundamentais dos anos 30-40- Casa-grande e senzala de Gilberto Freyre, Raízes do Brasil de Sérgio Buarque de Holanda e Formação do Brasil Contemporâneo de Caio Prado Jr.- permite demonstrar como se objetivou a matriz social da mestiçagem no Brasil e o pesado legado deixado pela escravatura nos modos de funcionamento do espaço político, do campo econômico e na recriação das hierarquias sociais; sobretudo pelo exame desse legado sobre a “psicologia íntima” dos Brasileiros. São assim explicitados os desafios a serem enfrentados para consolidar a nação como uma democracia moderna e assegurar seu futuro autônomo.Palabras clave: Brasil; intelectuales; mesuizaje; cultura nacionalAbstractThis article investigates the contributions of intellectuals to the valorization of the Brazilian community during the years 1930-1940; substituting the objectivation of the heavy historical legacy inherited from the slavery system of large colonialplantations to the study of a miscigenated population. First this article reviews the book Os sertoes by Euclides da Cunha, where the signification of the war against the Canudos village is deciphered in terms of elimination of an emergingrace resulting from the cross-breeding of the Whites and the Indians. Then the study of three of the main works of the years 30-40, Casa Grande e Senzala (Masters and Slaves by Gilberto Freyre, Raizes do Brasil (Brazil’Rootsby Sérgio Buarque de Hollanda and Formaçao do Brasil contemporâneo ( The making of contemporary Brazil intends to explain how the social matrix of miscegenation in Brazil and the strong legacy of the slavery system having imprinted the ways of functioning of the political space, the economic field and the rebuilding of social hierarchies have been objectified. The author thus explicits the challenges the nation has to face in order to preserve itself and to build the future.Keywords: Brazil; intellectuals;miscegenation, national culture

  11. İLKÖĞRETİM II. KADEME ÖĞRENCİLERİNİN ATILGANLIK DÜZEYLERİNİN SPORA KATILIMLARI BAKIMINDAN İNCELENMESİ (ANKARA-ELMADAĞ İLÇESİ ÖRNEĞİ) / THE DETERMINE OF LEVEL OF ASSERTIVENESS OF SECOND GRADE PRIMARY SCHOOL STUDENTS ACCORDING TO WHETHER THEY EXERCISE SPORT

    OpenAIRE

    Kırımoğlu, Hüseyin; KEPOĞLU, Abdurrahman; Dereceli, Çağatay; Parlak, Necmettin; Erdoğan TOZOĞLU

    2010-01-01

    Bu araştınnanm amacı, ilköğretim ikinci kademe öğrencilerinin atılganlık düzeylerinin spor yapıp yap~mama durumlarına göre belirlenmesidir. Katılımcılarm atılganilk düzeyleri cinsiyetIerine, sporcu veya sedanterolmalarına, takıın ve bireysel sporlara katılımlan bakımıanndan karşılaştırılmıştır. Veri toplama aracı olarak(Rathus, 1973) "Rathus Atılganlık Envanteri" uygulanmıştır. Araştırmada ilköğretim II. Kadernede öğrenimgören (379'n bayan, 396'SI erkek...

  12. Superconductivity and macroscopic quantum phenomena

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    It is often asserted that superconducting systems are manifestations of quantum mechanics on a macroscopic scale. In this review article it is demonstrated that this quantum assertion is true within the framework of the microscopic theory of superconductivity. (Auth.)

  13. Student Trust of Teacher as a Function of Socio-Communicative Style of Teacher and Socio-Communicative Orientation of Student.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wooten, Andrea G.; McCroskey, James C.

    1996-01-01

    States that trust is a necessary component of a student-teacher relationship for maximal learning to occur. Finds that highly assertive teachers did well with assertive students but fared poorly with less assertive students. Concludes that the positive relationship of teacher responsiveness with student trust was not affected by differing levels…

  14. 78 FR 71613 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Extension of Public Comment Period

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-29

    ... state identification number or foreign country ] equivalent, passport number, financial account number... soliciting public comments on proposed information requests to Patent Assertion Entities (``PAEs'') asserting patents in a variety of sectors, as well as a group of other entities asserting patents specifically...

  15. 26 CFR 1.461-0 - Table of contents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... accounting for a liability in a prior taxable year. (4) Deductions attributable to certain foreign income. (b.... (b) Contest of asserted liability. (1) Asserted liability. (2) Definition of the term “contest.” (3) Example. (c) Transfer to provide for the satisfaction of an asserted liability. (1) In general....

  16. 26 CFR 1.461-2 - Contested liabilities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... an accrual method of accounting, in 1964 contests a $100 asserted liability. In 1967 the contested...) Taxable year of deduction. If— (i) The taxpayer contests an asserted liability, (ii) The taxpayer transfers money or other property to provide for the satisfaction of the asserted liability, (iii)...

  17. Ontology enrichment by discovering multi-relational association rules from ontological knowledge bases

    OpenAIRE

    d'Amato, Claudia; Staab, Steffen; Tettamanzi, Andrea G. B.; Van Minh, Tran; Gandon, Fabien

    2016-01-01

    International audience In the Semantic Web context, OWL ontologies represent the con-ceptualization of domains of interest while the corresponding as-sertional knowledge is given by the heterogeneous Web resources referring to them. Being strongly decoupled, ontologies and assertion can be out-of-sync. An ontology can be incomplete, noisy and sometimes inconsistent with regard to the actual usage of its conceptual vocabulary in the assertions. Data mining can support the discovery of hidde...

  18. What is a Question?

    OpenAIRE

    Kevin H. Knuth

    2004-01-01

    A given question can be defined in terms of the set of statements or assertions that answer it. Application of logical inference to these sets of assertions allows one to derive the logic of inquiry among questions. There are interesting symmetries between the logics of inference and inquiry; where probability describes the degree to which a premise implies an assertion, there exists an analogous measure that describes the bearing or relevance that a question has on an outstanding issue. Thes...

  19. Predictive factors of alcohol and tobacco use in adolescents

    OpenAIRE

    Alicia Alvarez-Aguirre; María Magdalena Alonso-Castillo; Ana Carolina Guidorizzi Zanetti

    2014-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: to analyze the effect of self-esteem, assertiveness, self-efficacy and resiliency on alcohol and tobacco consumption in adolescents. METHOD: a descriptive and correlational study was undertaken with 575 adolescents in 2010. The Self-Esteem Scale, the Situational Confidence Scale, the Assertiveness Questionnaire and the Resiliency Scale were used. RESULTS: the adjustment of the logistic regression model, considering age, sex, self-esteem, assertiveness, self-efficacy and resiliency...

  20. Differences in Interpersonal Skills Between Engineering and Organizational Leadership and Supervision Majors

    OpenAIRE

    Mhaskar, Anuj A

    2010-01-01

    This study explored the differences in interpersonal communication skills – assertiveness and conflict management in particular between students with a senior academic standing in the college of engineering and the department of organizational leadership and supervision at Purdue University, West Lafayette. The Rathus Assertiveness Schedule and the Putnam-Wilson OCCI were used to measure assertiveness levels and conflict management styles in students. Results from the study indicated that the...

  1. Kompetencje społeczne nauczyciela a skuteczność pracy w szkole

    OpenAIRE

    Jarmużek, Joanna

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this article is to show the importance of social skills and competences (assertiveness, authority) in every social profession, especially in teaching. It defines assertiveness as a certain social attitude which enables people to being genuine in living their own lives. It is an attitude towards oneself and other people, which relays on giving freedom and acceptance to one’s decisions and choices. The only limit of assertiveness is other people’s freedom. Every teacher h...

  2. Lise Öğrencilerinin Atılganlık Düzeylerinin Bazı Değişkenler Açısından İncelenmesi

    OpenAIRE

    ARSLANTAŞ, Hülya

    2014-01-01

    Aim: This study has been carried out to determine the assertiveness levels of high school students in relation to certain variablesMethod: The sample of descriptive study included 949 students studying in secondary schools subordinate to Istanbul National Education Directorate. A questionnaire prepared by the researchers and Rathus Assertiveness Inventory were used for data collection.Results: Demographic characteristics and Rathus Assertiveness Inventory scores of the students were compared....

  3. To the question of the formation of personal qualities of future doctors by means of combat sports

    OpenAIRE

    Khripunova L.D.

    2014-01-01

    Purpose : to provide theoretical analysis of the notion of „assertiveness” and rationale of approaches to the development of future doctors’ assertiveness by means of combat sports (Sambo and Judo). Material : analysis of regulatory documents, literary sources. Results : the author has analysed the essence of the notion of assertiveness, and ideas about the relevance of the quality in doctors’ professional activity. The notion of assertiveness has been defined as the subject quality of an ind...

  4. Iran's Foreign Policy during Ahmadinejad: From Confrontation to Accommodation

    OpenAIRE

    Haji-Yousefi, Amir M.

    2010-01-01

    Some scholars have observed that Iran's foreign policy has leaned toward assertiveness since MahmoodAhmadinejad came to power in 2005. They have tried to attribute this assertiveness to some internal andexternal factors. After reviewing the literature, we argue that the assertiveness of Iran's foreign policyduring the first period of Ahmadinejad`s presidency is rooted in psychological (Ahmadinejad beliefsystem), social (the social base of the new government), political (factional rivalries), ...

  5. Presupposition, perceptional relativity and translation theory

    OpenAIRE

    El-Gamal, Ayman

    2001-01-01

    The intertwining of assertions and presuppositions in utterances affects the way a text is perceived in the source language (SL) and the target language (TL). Presuppositions can be thought of as shared assumptions that form the background of the asserted meaning. To translate presuppositions as assertions, or vice versa, can distort the thematic meaning of the SL text and produce a text with a different information structure. Since a good translation is not simply concerned with transferr...

  6. An Uninformative Truth: The Logic of Amarin’s Off-Label Promotion

    OpenAIRE

    Hey, Spencer Phillips; Kesselheim, Aaron S.

    2016-01-01

    Spencer Phillips Hey and Aaron Kesselheim propose that informativeness—asserting scientific facts—rather than truthfulness ought to be the standard for regulating commercial speech about pharmaceuticals.

  7. An Uninformative Truth: The Logic of Amarin's Off-Label Promotion.

    OpenAIRE

    Spencer Phillips Hey; Kesselheim, Aaron S.

    2016-01-01

    Spencer Phillips Hey and Aaron Kesselheim propose that informativeness—asserting scientific facts—rather than truthfulness ought to be the standard for regulating commercial speech about pharmaceuticals.

  8. Cultural Arrogance and Realism in Judy Blume's "Superfudge."

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nodelman, Perry

    1988-01-01

    Argues that Judy Blume's "Superfudge" presents an unrealistic, "generic" portrayal of middle class existence. Asserts that training children to identify with characters fosters personal and cultural blindness. (MM)

  9. 77 FR 74855 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-18

    ... Treatment; Assertive Adolescent Family Treatment; HIV/ AIDS Outreach; Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention-- Brief Intervention and Referral to Treatment (OJJDP-BIRT); OJJDP- Juvenile Drug...

  10. 29 CFR 34.24 - Data and information collection; confidentiality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... and equal opportunity provisions of JTPA or this part. (2) Asserted considerations of privacy or... Directorate from evaluating or seeking to enforce compliance with the nondiscrimination and equal...

  11. ANALISIS PUTUSAN HAKIM NOMOR: 113/Pid.B/2007/PN.Pml TENTANG TINDAK PIDANA PENYALAHGUNAAN NARKOTIKA

    OpenAIRE

    Saryono Hanadi

    2010-01-01

    Decree Number: 113/Pid.B/2007/PN.Pml relating with the case of abuse of narcotic that conducted by Bambang Suroto alias Gentolet bin Rifa’i. In this case, public Prosecutor assert with laminated assertion which are Primer Assertion by article 81 sentence (1) letter a Law No.22 Year 1997 and subsidiary assertion by article 85 letter a Law No.22 Year 1997 concerning Narcotic. In this case, the decree cannot be told as a progressive decree because it not considering article 47 Law No. 12 Year 19...

  12. Suicide Postvention as Suicide Prevention: Improvement and Expansion in the United States

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aguirre, Regina T. P.; Slater, Holli

    2010-01-01

    The authors asserted the need for increased postvention efforts for suicide survivors, individuals left behind to grieve the loss of a loved one by suicide, because they have an increased risk for suicide. Indeed, Shneidman (1972) asserted that suicide postvention efforts serve the dual purpose of assisting survivors through the grief process and…

  13. Positional Expletives in Danish, German, and Yiddish

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Müller, Stefan; Ørsnes, Bjarne

    subject is locally extracted from an SVO configuration in non-assertive clauses. In Yiddish wh clauses are formed from a wh phrase and a V2 clause. If no element would be fronted in the embedded V2 clause, an expletive is inserted in non-assertive clauses in order to meet the V3 requirement. In addition...

  14. Unlocking Doors: A Guide to Effective Communication.

    Science.gov (United States)

    PACER Center, Inc., Minneapolis, MN.

    The booklet is intended to help parents understand and acquire more assertive communication styles in matters of special education. Assertive behavior is introduced, distinguished from less productive behavior styles, and considered in terms of barriers to effectiveness. The booklet proceeds with a discussion of basic legal and human rights that…

  15. 75 FR 16713 - Endangered and Threatened Wildlife; Notice of 90-Day Finding on a Petition to List the Bumphead...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-02

    ... also asserts that degradation of its coral habitat through coral bleaching and ocean acidification is a... asserts that the negative effects of coral bleaching and ocean acidification present a significant threat... habitat). The petition cites examples of coral bleaching events in American Samoa (citing Aeby et...

  16. Immigration in the United States and the Golden Years of Education: Was Ravitch Right?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jeynes, William H.

    2004-01-01

    In this article I address some assertions made by one of the most outstanding educational historians, Diane Ravitch, regarding the relation between immigration rates and academic achievement among children in the United States. In her book The Great School Wars Ravitch asserted that low immigration levels during the 1920s to early 1960s period…

  17. Completeness Results for Linear Logic on Petri Nets

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Engberg, Uffe Henrik; Winskel, Glynn

    1993-01-01

    shown sound and complete with respect to atomic nets (these include nets in which every transition leads to a nonempty multiset of places). The logic is remarkably expressive, enabling descriptions of the kinds of properties one might wish to show of nets; in particular, negative properties, asserting...... the impossibility of an assertion, can also be expressed....

  18. The MMPI-2 Symptom Validity Scale (FBS) Not Influenced by Medical Impairment: A Large Sleep Center Investigation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Greiffenstein, Manfred F.

    2010-01-01

    The Symptom Validity Scale (Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2-FBS [MMPI-2-FBS]) is a standard MMPI-2 validity scale measuring overstatement of somatic distress and subjective disability. Some critics assert the MMPI-2-FBS misclassifies too many medically impaired persons as malingering symptoms. This study tests the assertion of…

  19. Refusal Skill Ability: An Examination of Adolescent Perceptions of Effectiveness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nichols, Tracy R.; Birnel, Sara; Graber, Julia A.; Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne; Botvin, Gilbert J.

    2010-01-01

    This pilot study examined whether refusal assertion as defined by a proven drug prevention program was associated with adolescent perceptions of effectiveness by comparing two sets of coded responses to adolescent videotaped refusal role-plays (N = 63). The original set of codes was defined by programmatic standards of refusal assertion and the…

  20. Enhancing Women's Resistance to Sexual Coercion: A Randomized Controlled Trial of the DATE Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simpson Rowe, Lorelei; Jouriles, Ernest N.; McDonald, Renee; Platt, Cora G.; Gomez, Gabriella S.

    2012-01-01

    Objective: Despite extensive efforts to develop sexual assault prevention programs for college women, few have been rigorously evaluated, and fewer have demonstrable effects on victimization. This study pilots the Dating Assertiveness Training Experience (DATE), designed to train young women in assertiveness skills for responding to sexual…

  1. Implementing Problem-Based Learning in the Counseling Session.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hall, Kimberly R.

    This study examined the use of problem-based learning (PBL) in an actual counseling session and the effects on student assertiveness skills. A group of seventh-grade students, who were all victims of bullies, participated in the study. The students, two boys and one girls, were 13 and 14 years old. Teachers rated the level of assertiveness skills…

  2. Does the Situational Couple Violence-Intimate Terrorism Typology Explain Cohabitors' High Risk of Intimate Partner Violence?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brownridge, Douglas A.

    2010-01-01

    This study examines M. P. Johnson's assertion that violence in marital unions is more likely to be intimate terrorism (IT) and violence in cohabiting unions is more likely to be situational couple violence (SCV). Having overcome limitations of the data on which Johnson based his assertion, the results show that cohabiting and married victims of…

  3. Discursive Justification and Skepticism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gerken, Mikkel

    2012-01-01

    In this paper, I consider how a general epistemic norm of action that I have proposed in earlier work should be specified in order to govern certain types of acts: assertive speech acts. More specifically, I argue that the epistemic norm of assertion is structurally similar to the epistemic norm ...

  4. School Violence, the Media's Phanton Epidemic.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Best, Joel

    2002-01-01

    Argues that public perceptions of an epidemic of school violence are media-induced; asserts that violence in schools declined during the 1990s; supports assertion with evidence from the National School Safety Center; states the estimates of bullying in school are exaggerated. (PKP)

  5. Voices from the Field: Obtaining, Processing, and Constructing English: Blogging in the ESL Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Glori H.

    2009-01-01

    To fully acculturate into society, English language learners (ELLs) need to be conversant with the language and culture of their peers. The National Association for Media Literacy (NAMLE) asserts that media, including the electronic media, are an integral component of modern culture and function as an agent of socialization. They assert that to be…

  6. The Power of Porch Talk in Their Eyes Were Watching God

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李楠

    2013-01-01

    Porch talk, as a common setting in Their Eyes Were Watching God, is empowered by Zora Neale Hurston to make political and cultural assertion of African Americans and self-autonomy assertion of black female, providing the reader an authentic African American oral tradition and black heritage.

  7. Discourses of power in mathematics education research: Concepts and possibilities for action

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Valero, Paola

    2008-01-01

    Mathematics education is powerful. This is an assertion that appears often in mathematics education research papers. However, the meaning of the assertion is far from being clear. An analysis of different ways of talking about power in relation to mathematics education, in research literature...

  8. Early Attachment Organization Moderates the Parent-Child Mutually Coercive Pathway to Children's Antisocial Conduct

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kochanska, Grazyna; Barry, Robin A.; Stellern, Sarah A.; O'Bleness, Jessica J.

    2009-01-01

    This multimethod study of 101 mothers, fathers, and children elucidates poorly understood role of children's attachment security as "moderating" a common maladaptive trajectory: from parental power assertion, to child resentful opposition, to child antisocial conduct. Children's security was assessed at 15 months, parents' power assertion observed…

  9. Disability and treatment of specific mental and physical disorders across the world

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ormel, Johan; Petukhova, Maria; Chatterji, Somnath; Aguilar-Gaxiola, Sergio; Alonso, Jordi; Angermeyer, Matthias C.; Bromet, Evelyn J.; Burger, Huibert; Demyttenaere, Koen; de Girolamo, Giovanni; Maria Haro, Josep; Hwang, Irving; Karam, Elie; Kawakami, Norito; Lepine, Jean Pierre; Elena Medina-Mora, Maria; Posada-Villa, Jose; Sampson, Nancy; Scott, Kate; Uestuen, T. Bedirhan; Von Korff, Michael; Williams, David R.; Zhang, Mingyuan; Kessler, Ronald C.

    2008-01-01

    Background Advocates of expanded mental health treatment assert that mental disorders are as disabling as physical disorders, but little evidence supports this assertion. Aims To establish the disability and treatment of specific mental and physical disorders in high-income and low- and middle-incom

  10. Parental Expression of Disappointment: Should It Be a Factor in Hoffman's Model of Parental Discipline?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patrick, Renee B.; Gibbs, John C.

    2007-01-01

    The authors addressed whether parental expression of disappointment should be included as a distinct factor in M. L. Hoffman's (2000) well-established typology of parenting styles (induction, love withdrawal, power assertion). Hoffman's 3-factor model, along with a more inclusive 4-factor model (induction, love withdrawal, power assertion, and…

  11. Why Community Works: The Use of Alfred Adler's Individual Psychology as a Foundational Theory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Glenn, Robert K.; Keith, Edwin M.

    2002-01-01

    Asserts that the Individual Psychology of Alfred Adler should be used as a foundational theory for student affairs work. The success of community building programs is explained and the concepts of Individual Psychology are summarized. Also asserts that the current drive to develop programs to develop community on college campuses is firmly rooted…

  12. Organic Insulation Materials, the Effect on Indoor Humidity, and the Necessity of a Vapor Barrier

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rode, Carsten

    1998-01-01

    Examples of organic insulation products are cellulose fiber, other plant fiber, and animal wool. These materials, which are all very hygroscopic, are associated with certain assertions about their building physical behavior that need to be verified.Examples of such assertions are: "A vapor barrie...

  13. 76 FR 1446 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-10

    ... Assertive Adolescent & Family Treatment (AAFT) Program--NEW The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration's (SAMHSA), Center for Substance Abuse Services (CSAT) has implemented the Assertive Adolescent... providers in the ] area of adolescent substance use treatment. The AAFT program provides...

  14. The Digital Carrot, the Digital Stick

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jackson, Gregory A.

    2007-01-01

    In this article, the author asserts that technology is not the answer to digital piracy at colleges and universities. Citing the three most common explanations given for copyright infringement--that students cannot always get what they want, cannot always use what they can get, or think the price of what they can get is unfair--he asserts that the…

  15. Not a Hearing Loss, a Deaf Gain: Power, Self-Naming, and the Deaf Community

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomas, David James

    2013-01-01

    Self-naming has long stood as the primary assertion of power for disenfranchised communities in the western world. While person first language (e.g. "person who is deaf") has been the preferred language of disability and disability services for the last 20 years, members of the Deaf community have asserted their cultural capital, and…

  16. Leadership's First Virtue: Be Courageous

    Science.gov (United States)

    Treasurer, Bill

    2011-01-01

    Leaders complain that people agree with them too much and do not assert their true opinions and ideas. But then when they do so, leaders get upset and view their subordinates' assertive behavior as disrespectful. Many leaders, unfortunately, desire courage but reinforce subservience. A superintendent's most important job is to inspire courageous…

  17. Defending the ICRP principles of radiation protection. An answer to Zbigniew Jaworowski

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In an article ''Radiation Risk and Ethics'' in the September 1999 issue of Physics Today, Professor Zbigniew Jaworowski (a Polish member of UNSCEAR) makes 12 highly controversial and unsubstantiated assertions. In this reply, Lars Persson and Kristin Shrader-Frechette show why they think that the 12 assertions are both ethically and scientifically doubtful, if not false. (orig./CB)

  18. A Plea for a Simple Solution

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Widell, Peter

    2010-01-01

    This paper presents a criticism of the classical speech act theory (Austin, Searle). In contrast to this theory, which operates with four to five types of basic illocutionary acts, I will argue for just one type: the assertive. Assertives are speech acts which can make locutions (propositions) true...

  19. Subchannel analysis of CANDU 37-element fuel bundles

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The subchannel analysis codes COBRA-IV and ASSERT-4 have been used to predict the mass and enthalpy imbalance within a CANDU 37-element fuel channel under various system conditions. The objective of this study was to assess the various capabilities of the ASSERT code and highlight areas where further validation or development may be needed. The investigation indicated that the ASSERT code has all the basic models required to accurately predict the flow and enthalpy imbalance for complex rod bundles. The study also showed that the code modelling of void drift and diffusion requires refinement to some coefficients and that further validation is needed at high flow rate and high void fraction conditions, where ASSERT and COBRA are shown to predict significantly different trends. The results of a recent refinement of ASSERT modelling are also discussed

  20. Agoraphobia Related to Unassertiveness in Panic Disorder.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Levitan, Michelle Nigri; Simoes, Pedro; Sardinha, Aline G; Nardi, Antonio E

    2016-05-01

    Despite developments in panic disorder (PD) research, a significant percentage of patients do not benefit from conventional treatments. Interpersonal factors have been identified as potential predictors of treatment failures. We aimed to evaluate assertiveness in a sample of patients with PD and its implications for treatment. Forty-six symptomatic patients with PD and 46 college students responded to assessment scales regarding assertiveness and clinical data. Seventy-five percent of the patients had a secondary diagnosis of agoraphobia. We found that the PD group was characterized as nonassertive and slightly less assertive than control subjects. Furthermore, the deficit in the level of assertiveness correlated with the severity of the PD. The diagnosis of agoraphobia was correlated with unassertiveness (p assertiveness in patients with PD accompanied by agoraphobia. PMID:26915016

  1. Mediators of sexual revictimization risk in adult sexual assault victims.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ullman, Sarah E; Vasquez, Amanda L

    2015-01-01

    This study examined sexual risk behaviors and sexual refusal assertiveness in relationship to child sexual abuse, emotion dysregulation, and adult sexual revictimization. Path analyses of 1,094 survivors who had sex in the past year were done to examine sexual risk behavior and sexual refusal assertiveness mediational pathways by which child sexual abuse severity and emotion dysregulation may affect revictimization over one year in adult female sexual assault survivors. Exchanging sex for money and sexual refusal assertiveness were significantly associated with emotion dysregulation, whereas exchanging sex for money, and not sexual refusal assertiveness, was only significantly related to child sexual abuse severity. Both exchanging sex for money and sex refusal assertiveness mediated the relationship between emotion dysregulation and adult sexual revictimization. Exchanging sex for money mediated the child sexual abuse severity-revictimization relationship. These findings demonstrate the importance of considering both risky and protective sexual behaviors in research and prevention programming that address sexual revictimization in women. PMID:25942287

  2. Predictive factors of alcohol and tobacco use in adolescents

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alicia Alvarez-Aguirre

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVES: to analyze the effect of self-esteem, assertiveness, self-efficacy and resiliency on alcohol and tobacco consumption in adolescents.METHOD: a descriptive and correlational study was undertaken with 575 adolescents in 2010. The Self-Esteem Scale, the Situational Confidence Scale, the Assertiveness Questionnaire and the Resiliency Scale were used.RESULTS: the adjustment of the logistic regression model, considering age, sex, self-esteem, assertiveness, self-efficacy and resiliency, demonstrates significance in the consumption of alcohol and tobacco. Age, resiliency and assertiveness predict alcohol consumption in the lifetime and assertiveness predicts alcohol consumption in the last year. Similarly, age and sex predict tobacco consumption in the lifetime and age in the last year.CONCLUSION: this study can offer important information to plan nursing interventions involving adolescent alcohol and tobacco users.

  3. Amending Contracts for Choreographies

    CERN Document Server

    Bocchi, Laura; Tuosto, Emilio; 10.4204/EPTCS.59.10

    2011-01-01

    Distributed interactions can be suitably designed in terms of choreographies. Such abstractions can be thought of as global descriptions of the coordination of several distributed parties. Global assertions define contracts for choreographies by annotating multiparty session types with logical formulae to validate the content of the exchanged messages. The introduction of such constraints is a critical design issue as it may be hard to specify contracts that allow each party to be able to progress without violating the contract. In this paper, we propose three methods that automatically correct inconsistent global assertions. The methods are compared by discussing their applicability and the relationships between the amended global assertions and the original (inconsistent) ones.

  4. 76 FR 6702 - Private Transfer Fees

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-08

    ... fees for comment on ] August 16, 2010 (75 FR 49932) and requested public comments during a 60-day... ``scam'' against homeowners, robbing them of their equity. Many asserted that the U.S. Department...

  5. Design for Sustainable Learning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Christopher, Gaylaird

    2002-01-01

    Asserts that the greatest benefit to the design of green sustainable schools is the opportunity to provide meaningful, ecological learning experiences for children. Offers examples of learning opportunities within the environment and a list of related resources. (EV)

  6. What Is English? The Relevance of James Moffett's "Teaching the Universe of Discourse."

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sooby, Andrew

    1980-01-01

    Offers five reasons for the uncertainty in the state of the art of English instruction. Asserts the need for a theory of English instruction and offers James Moffett's theory on the universe of discourse as the one to use. (RL)

  7. A White President of a Predominantly Black College Speaks Out About Race.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tschechtelin, James D.

    1999-01-01

    Asserts that racism and white supremacy are threatening America's social, economic, and political stability. Suggests that inviting community dialog on these taboo topics may lead to solutions, and recounts such steps taken at Baltimore City Community College. (VWC)

  8. Pluss ja miinus / Hendrik Alla

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Alla, Hendrik, 1976-

    1998-01-01

    Jõuluteemalistest ja jõuluvanalistest arvutireklaamidest. Halb: MicroLink (idee: MicroLink, teostus: Division) 'Arreteeriti jõuluvana!', Assert (Limit Reklaam) 'Viktor (57), näärivana'. Parem: PCT (Snaiper) 'Sa ju lubasid...'.

  9. Interpersonal Conflict: Effects of Variations in Manner of Expressing Anger and Justification for Anger upon Perceptions of Appropriateness, Competence, and Satisfaction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sereno, Kenneth K.; And Others

    1987-01-01

    Examines how an expression of anger affects the receiver's perceptions of anger in a close interpersonal relationship. Reports that findings contradicted conventional wisdom and research findings on assertive communication. (MM)

  10. Enhancing Work and Family.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lawhon, Tommie

    1984-01-01

    To be successful at home and at work, one must use support systems and assertive behavior; know oneself; use appropriate communication techniques, behavior, and appearance; and have a flexible and healthy attitude about changing oneself. (JOW)

  11. A Challenging Role for the School Counsellor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gorman, Betty

    1976-01-01

    The author describes programs at her school designed to extend the outreach of counseling services. Programs for human relations, assertive training, relaxation training and communications skills are described briefly. (EJT)

  12. The Wif of Richmonde's Tale.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Risman, Ann

    1991-01-01

    The British government's White Paper asserts that courses of "leisure interests" should be self-supporting. The administrator of an adult college tries to show a political visitor the much broader context and value of adult and community education. (SK)

  13. 78 FR 23800 - JPMorgan Chase & Co., et al.; Notice of Application

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-22

    ... obligation to a JPMorgan Chase Third Party Fund, will not be subject to condition 3 below. All other side-by... documents, rather than by negotiable certificates that could be misappropriated. Applicants assert...

  14. Surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Control Bills News: FDA Asserts Oversight Authority over Cigars, E-Cigarettes, Other Tobacco Products Blog: Questions and ... Diseases > Asthma Lung Diseases > COPD Lung Diseases > Lung Cancer Lung Diseases > Other Lung Diseases Lung Health & Wellness Lung ...

  15. Biometric Subject Verification Based on Electrocardiographic Signals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dusan, Sorin V. (Inventor); Jorgensen, Charles C. (Inventor)

    2014-01-01

    A method of authenticating or declining to authenticate an asserted identity of a candidate-person. In an enrollment phase, a reference PQRST heart action graph is provided or constructed from information obtained from a plurality of graphs that resemble each other for a known reference person, using a first graph comparison metric. In a verification phase, a candidate-person asserts his/her identity and presents a plurality of his/her heart cycle graphs. If a sufficient number of the candidate-person's measured graphs resemble each other, a representative composite graph is constructed from the candidate-person's graphs and is compared with a composite reference graph, for the person whose identity is asserted, using a second graph comparison metric. When the second metric value lies in a selected range, the candidate-person's assertion of identity is accepted.

  16. Nonexistence of Quantum Nonlocality

    OpenAIRE

    Griffiths, Robert B.

    2013-01-01

    What violations of Bell inequalities teach us is that the world is quantum mechanical, i.e., nonclassical. Assertions that they imply the world is nonlocal arise from ignoring differences between quantum and classical physics.

  17. Zombies, Truants, and Flash Mobs: How Youth Organizers Respond to and Shape Youth Policy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Conner, Jerusha Osberg; Rosen, Sonia M.

    2015-01-01

    This chapter explores how youth organizers have injected themselves into education policy conversations in Philadelphia, asserting their agency and using their voices to shape how policymakers view them as well as the problems that confront them.

  18. Closing the Books on Alchemy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kolln, Martha

    1981-01-01

    Finds serious flaws in the research asserting the uselessness of teaching grammar to composition classes. Proposes that writing teachers acknowledge the presence and importance of grammar in the writing class. (RL)

  19. Effective Structural Relief in U.S. v. Microsoft

    OpenAIRE

    Litan, Robert E.; Nordhaus, William D.

    2000-01-01

    Mr. Litan and Mr. Nordhaus argue for 'full divestiture' of Microsoft. They assert that splitting the rights to Microsoft's operating systems among three separate companies would be the best way to promote innovation.

  20. Aloha Aina: Native Hawaiians Fight for Survival

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kealoha, Gard

    1976-01-01

    Discusses the history, values, and cultural background of the native Hawaiian population, asserting that Hawaiians want to recapture and reaffirm the native rights guaranteed by the constitution of Hawaii in 1846. (Author/JM)

  1. After the Wake: Postpositivistic Educational Thought.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Phillips, D.C.

    1983-01-01

    Outlines the positions of Comtean-type positivism, logical positivism, behaviorism, and empiricism. Holds that despite assertions to the contrary, educational theory, research, and practice still reflect aspects of positivist traditions. (GC)

  2. The Case for Empiricism: Clarifying Fundamental Issues in Communication Theory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bostrom, Robert; Donohew, Lewis

    1992-01-01

    Focuses on recent critiques of empiricism. Discusses the present state of communication research and theory. Asserts that examining levels of language and explanation helps to solve logical inconsistencies that have appeared to present philosophical problems in the past. (PRA)

  3. From Adelphi to Enron.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lauter, Paul

    2002-01-01

    Encourages the dismantling of the "corporatization" of higher education, asserting that the unalloyed promotion of the free market as the standard of value has, as Adelphi and Enron make clear, led neither to truth seeking nor to sound education. (EV)

  4. Music Videos: The Look of the Sound

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aufderheide, Pat

    1986-01-01

    Asserts that music videos, rooted in mass marketing culture, are reshaping the language of advertising, affecting the flow of information. Raises question about the society that creates and receives music videos. (MS)

  5. Conflict Management Training in China: The Value of Cooperative Conflict Theory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tjosvold, Dean; Ding, Daniel

    2001-01-01

    Asserts the value of a theory for conflict management training and summarizes the theory of cooperative and competitive conflict and its empirical base. Outlines the theory's specific implications for conflict management training in China. (EV)

  6. 32 CFR 1636.5 - Exclusion from Class 1-A-0 and Class 1-0.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... participation in war does not rest at all upon moral, ethical, or religious principle, but instead rests solely... be excluded from Class 1-A-0 or Class 1-0: (a) Who asserts beliefs which are of a religious, moral...

  7. Merger Filing Regime in the PRC: Uncertainty Still Remains in the Concept of “Control†– Complex Dilemma Faced by Foreign Investors

    OpenAIRE

    Kiyoko Yagami

    2015-01-01

    Given MOFCOM’s more assertive enforcement of the merger control regime, foreign investors with a business presence in China may face a catch-22 situation when entering into a minority acquisition. Kiyoko Yagami (Anderson MŠri & Tomotsune)

  8. When the Mission Is Teaching: Does Nursing Faculty Practice Fit?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sherwen, Laurie

    1998-01-01

    Asserts that nursing programs in liberal arts colleges must document that clinical practice is scholarship and conforms to the teaching mission. Discusses scholarly practice from nursing literature and from the work of Schon and Boyer. (SK)

  9. Comments on ''Analysis of spherical imploding shocks''

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    It is asserted that Fujimoto and Mishkin's article is incorrect in its claim for a pressure extremum at or behind the shock for all values of γ and in its claim for an analytical form for the similarity exponent

  10. A Littlewood-Paley type theorem on orthoprojectors onto wavelet subspaces

    CERN Document Server

    Kudryavtsev, S N

    2012-01-01

    The article proves an assertion analogous to the Littlewood-Paley theorem for the orthoprojectors onto wavelet subspaces corresponding to the multidimensional multiresolution analysis generated as tensor product of smooth finite scaling functions of one variable.

  11. Sexuality and the Developmentally Handicapped: Health Education Strategies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, Mary-Lou; Forchuk, Cheryl

    1987-01-01

    The article describes a sex education program for small groups of developmentally handicapped adolescents and young adults which includes information on and discussion of body parts, acceptable social behavior, assertiveness, birth control, and sexually transmitted diseases. (Author/JW)

  12. Les fabricants de superlourds

    CERN Multimedia

    Thivent, Viviane

    2006-01-01

    Who said that russian science was not competitive any more? Today, the nuclear physics laboratory in Dubna asserts the record of the heaviest chimical element ever manufactured: 118 protons. (4 pages)

  13. 36 CFR 1150.41 - Informal resolution.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    .... Considerations of privacy or confidentiality asserted by an agency or person may not bar the Executive Director from evaluating such materials or seeking to enforce compliance. The Executive Director may seek...

  14. 34 CFR 100.6 - Compliance information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... efforts it has made to obtain the information. Asserted considerations of privacy or confidentiality may not operate to bar the Department from evaluating or seeking to enforce compliance with this...

  15. 29 CFR 32.44 - Compliance information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... forth what efforts it has made to obtain the information. Asserted considerations of privacy or... evaluating or seeking to enforce compliance with this part. (d) Posters and information. The recipient...

  16. 29 CFR 37.40 - What access to sources of information must grant applicants and recipients provide the Director?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... and equal opportunity provisions of WIA or this part. (b) Asserted considerations of privacy or... seeking to enforce compliance with the nondiscrimination and equal opportunity provisions of WIA and...

  17. Internet X.509 Public Key Infrastructure -- LDAP Schema for PKIs

    OpenAIRE

    Chadwick, David W; Legg, S.

    2002-01-01

    This document describes LDAP schema features that are needed to support X.509 Public Key Infrastructures. Specifically, X.509 attribute types, object classes, matching rules, attribute value syntaxes and attribute value assertion syntaxes needed for PKIs are defined.

  18. A Bertini-type theorem for free arithmetic linear series

    OpenAIRE

    Ikoma, Hideaki

    2015-01-01

    In this paper, we prove a version of the arithmetic Bertini theorem asserting that there exists a strictly small and generically smooth section of a given arithmetically free graded arithmetic linear series.

  19. Understanding the New Economy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morrell, Louis R.

    2001-01-01

    Asserts that while the Nasdaq bubble did burst, the new economy is real and that failure to understand the rules of the digital economy can lead to substandard investment portfolio performance. Offers guidelines for higher education institutional investors. (EV)

  20. Pronominal Case-Errors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaper, Willem

    1976-01-01

    Contradicts a previous assertion by C. Tanz that children commit substitution errors usually using objective pronoun forms for nominative ones. Examples from Dutch and German provide evidence that substitutions are made in both directions. (CHK)