WorldWideScience

Sample records for assertiveness

  1. Vision, knowledge, and assertion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turri, John

    2016-04-01

    I report two experiments studying the relationship among explicit judgments about what people see, know, and should assert. When an object of interest was surrounded by visibly similar items, it diminished people's willingness to judge that an agent sees, knows, and should tell others that it is present. This supports the claim, made by many philosophers, that inhabiting a misleading environment intuitively decreases our willingness to attribute perception and knowledge. However, contrary to stronger claims made by some philosophers, inhabiting a misleading environment does not lead to the opposite pattern whereby people deny perception and knowledge. Causal modeling suggests a specific psychological model of how explicit judgments about perception, knowledge, and assertability are made: knowledge attributions cause perception attributions, which in turn cause assertability attributions. These findings advance understanding of how these three important judgments are made, provide new evidence that knowledge is the norm of assertion, and highlight some important subtleties in folk epistemology.

  2. Stress Management: Being Assertive

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... or colleague and ask for blunt feedback. Use body language. Communication isn't just verbal. Act confident even ... your hands or use dramatic gestures. Practice assertive body language in front of a mirror or with a ...

  3. Debating China's assertiveness

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    He, Kai; Feng, Huiyun

    2012-01-01

    Engaging the recent debate on China's assertive foreign policy, we suggest that it is normal for China – a rising power – to change its policy to a confident or even assertive direction because of its transformed national interests. We argue also that it is better to understand future US–China...... relations as a bargaining process. Whereas China negotiates for a new status in the system with redefined interests, the United States and other countries need to adjust their old political practices. China's ‘core interest’ diplomacy launched in 2009 is the first step in revealing ‘private information...

  4. Individual Assertiveness and Health

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sheinov V. P.

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available An analytical overview of researches carried out abroad, where the relationship between individual’s assertiveness and their psychological health, depression and dangerous addictions were studied, is given in the article. It is stated that assertiveness supports psychological health, psychological maturity, adequate self-esteem; it helps to get rid of low self-reliance; decreases anxiety level and fears; boosts self-esteem and self-respect; protects from emotional problems; helps to overcome stress, to give up smoking and generally to be more successful and less prone to depression. For medical workers, it helps to improve treatment of their patients.

  5. Middle School PE--Assertiveness Training.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Banks, William H., Jr.; Smith-Fee, Cindy

    1989-01-01

    This article describes a promising approach to the implementation of psycho-social goals in middle school physical education: assertiveness training. Assertiveness is distinguished from aggressiveness, and several assertiveness activities for the curriculum are suggested. (IAH)

  6. Asserting Performance Expectations (Formerly Performance Assertions: A Performance Diagnosis Tool)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vetter, J S; Worley, P

    2002-07-24

    Traditional techniques for performance analysis provide a means for extracting and analyzing raw performance information from applications. Users then reason about and compare this raw performance data to their performance expectations for important application constructs. This comparison can be tedious, difficult, and error-prone for the scale and complexity of today's architectures and software systems. To address this situation, we present a methodology and prototype that allows users to assert performance expectations explicitly in their source code using performance assertions. As the application executes, each performance assertion in the application collects data implicitly to verify the assertion. By allowing the user to specify a performance expectation with individual code segments, the runtime system can jettison raw data for measurements that pass their expectation, while reacting to failures with a variety of responses. We present several compelling uses of performance assertions with our operational prototype including raising a performance exception, validating a performance model, and adapting an algorithm to an architecture empirically at runtime.

  7. 32 CFR 537.9 - Assertion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... STATES § 537.9 Assertion. (a) Asserting demands. If a prima facie claim exists under state law, a written...) Lost pay will be obtained from the leave or earnings statement or the active duty pay chart for the... did not receive either due to the length of time off assigned duty. The time off duty will be based...

  8. Effects of Conceptual Complexity on Assertive Behavior.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bruch, Monroe A.; And Others

    1981-01-01

    Compared the assertive behavior of two groups differing in information-processing style. In experiment one, high conceptual-complexity (CC) subjects demonstrated greater content knowledge, direct delivery skill, and fewer negative self-statements. In experiment two, high versus low CC females were more assertive in difficult situations. (Author/RC)

  9. Assertiveness Training for Job-Seeking Skills

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ball, Patricia G.; McLoughlin, Mary Ellen

    1977-01-01

    Assertiveness Training for Job-Seeking Skills includes skill development in initiating the job search; arranging actual interviews; preparing a resume; articulating strengths, weaknesses, and career objectives; responding assertively in interviews; asking appropriate questions; accepting or rejecting job offers; confronting discrimination;…

  10. THE ASSERTIVENESS OF PEOPLE WHO PRACTICE KARATE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Szark-Eckardt Miroslawa

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Assertiveness is the ability to express your thoughts, beliefs and opinions without the feeling of internal tension, that is why it is a desired trait of character. One of the examples of sports disciplines in which assertiveness can play a desired role is karate. One of the aims of this paper was to answer the question, whether the act of doing karate influences the level of assertiveness among people who practice it and to compare the results with the level of assertiveness declared by people who do other sports. The method applied in this paper was the diagnostics survey, while the tool was the questionnaire form based on the Rathus Assertiveness Scale. 50 students who practice karate on regular basis and 50 students who do other sports participated in the research. It is undeniable that the level of assertiveness among people who practice karate is higher in comparison to people who do other sports. Karate doers, both men and women obtained better results compared to the second group of sportsmen/women. This regularity can be observed among men, but it is more perceptible among women. As the research presents, people who attend karate trainings at least three times a week are characterized by a higher level of assertiveness in comparison to those who attend the training once a week.

  11. 32 CFR 757.14 - Claims asserted.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... of an insurance contract of the injured party. (2) Recovery may also be possible under State workers... Medical Care Recovery Act (MCRA) Claims and Claims Asserted Pursuant to 10 U.S.C. 1095 § 757.14 Claims... Government to non-Federal medical care providers. (e) Alternate theories of recovery. (1) Often,...

  12. The structure of assertiveness : a confirmatory approach

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    ARRINDELL, WA; SANDERMAN, R; VANDERMOLEN, H; VANDERENDE, J; MERSCH, PP

    1988-01-01

    By using confirmatory factor analysis, distress and performance factors of assertion identified previously in a sample of predomi- nantly agoraphobic club members (N = 703) employing the Scale for Interpersonal Behavior (SlB) - the factors being (I) Display of negative feelings; (II) Expression of a

  13. Enhancing assertiveness in district nurse specialist practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Green, Julie

    2016-08-02

    District nurse (DN) care delivery has undergone substantial change in recent years due to changing demographics and service delivery demands that have called for a move of care delivery from secondary to primary care. The title District Nurse is recorded with the Nursing and Midwifery Council (NMC) on completion of the Specialist Practice Qualification in District Nursing (SPQ DN), which purports to be a 'transformational' course that prepares future caseload holders to manage their team and prioritise care delivery effectively. This article explores the need for assertiveness skills in this role in response to Australian research, and outlines the pedagogic interventions implemented during the SPQ DN course to enhance this skill. Assertiveness scores were monitored for the duration of the course and demonstrated a significant increase-a topic that is now the subject of a future, funded study.

  14. [Relationship of perception conflict and assertiveness in nurses].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stojčić, Živko; Perković, Lada; Stašević, Ina; Stojčić, Nevena; Ropac, Darko

    2014-06-01

    At their workplace, nurses are exposed to a number of conflict situations. On dealing with such situations, a significant role is played by assertiveness skills. Assertiveness is the necessity of efficient communication between nurses and patients. Thus, development of these skills can enhance patient confidence in the nursing profession. The aim of the study was to determine whether there are differences in assertiveness with respect to age and sex, and whether there is and what is the connection between assertiveness, potential sources of conflict at work, conflicts due to the behavior of associates, resolving conflicts and self-assessment in resolving conflicts. The survey included 87 hospital nurses. The questionnaire included assessment of assertiveness. On processing the results, we calculated the indicators of descriptive statistics, carried out the variance analysis and t-test, and calculated Pearson's correlation coefficients. It was found that the majority of subjects expressed a medium level of assertiveness, i.e. they could be considered as relatively assertive persons. There were significant differences in assertiveness according to age of the subjects and length of service, where the oldest age group was significantly less assertive. More assertive subjects frequently observed behaviors that may be a source of conflict and problems in the organization of work. At the same time, they often had conflicts because of such behavior, which indicated that more assertive subjects were bolder and more secure. More assertive subjects believed that they were more successful in resolving conflicts than non-assertive subjects.

  15. Assertiveness and Sexual Satisfaction in Employed Professional Women

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whitley, Marilyn Peddicord; Poulsen, Susan B.

    1975-01-01

    Examines the relationship between assertive personality traits and sexual satisfaction in 45 employed professional women. Results show: (1) a positive correlation between assertiveness and reported sexual satisfaction; (2) as age and length of marriage increase so does reported sexual satisfaction; and (3) as assertiveness increases so do reports…

  16. Assertion and Family Violence: Correlates of Spouse Abuse.

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Leary, K. Daniel; Curley, Alison D.

    1986-01-01

    Abusive, discordant, and satisfactorily married couples were compared on self-report measures of general assertion, spouse-specific assertion, spouse-specific aggression, and spousal physical aggression in their families of origin. Low levels of spouse-specific assertion were characteristic of discordant couples whether abusive or not. Spousal…

  17. Rehousing homeless citizens with assertive community treatment

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Benjaminsen, Lars

    This report presents the results of a study of an ACT-programme (Assertive Community Treatment) in Copenhagen, Denmark, which has been part of the Danish national homelessness strategy. The ACT-programme is aimed at rehousing homeless individuals and providing floating support in the citizens own...... professionals including a psychiatrist, a nurse, an addiction councilor, and social workers with administrative authority from the social office and the job center. In the international research literature ACT has been shown in randomized controlled trials to be a very effective method in bringing individuals...

  18. Adaptable Assertion Checking for Scientific Software Components

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dahlgren, T L; Devanbu, P T

    2004-03-12

    We present a proposal for lowering the overhead of interface contract checking for science and engineering applications. Run-time enforcement of assertions is a well-known technique for improving the quality of software; however, the performance penalty is often too high for their retention during deployment, especially for long-running applications that depend upon iterative operations. With an efficient adaptive approach the benefits of run-time checking can continue to accrue with minimal overhead. Examples from scientific software interfaces being developed in the high performance computing research community will be used to measure the efficiency and effectiveness of this approach.

  19. SVA the power of assertions in SystemVerilog

    CERN Document Server

    Cerny, Eduard; Havlicek, John; Korchemny, Dmitry

    2015-01-01

    This book is a comprehensive guide to assertion-based verification of hardware designs using System Verilog Assertions (SVA). It enables readers to minimize the cost of verification by using assertion-based techniques in simulation testing, coverage collection and formal analysis. The book provides detailed descriptions of all the language features of SVA, accompanied by step-by-step examples of how to employ them to construct powerful and reusable sets of properties.?The book also shows how SVA fits into the broader System Verilog language, demonstrating the ways that assertions can interact

  20. Separation-individuation and assertiveness in late adolescents

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aslan, Sevda

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available An adolescent can experience some problems regarding assertiveness during the course of separation-individuation from their caregivers. The purpose of this study is to describe the relationship between separation-individuation and assertiveness, which was examined in terms of how assertiveness predicts the separation-individuation of Turkish late adolescents. The sampling group consisted of 283 university students. The data gathered were analyzed by involving several simple regression analysis method. The findings revealed that aassertiveness predicts separation anxiety in a meaningful way. Furthermore, the assertiveness predicts engulfment anxiety, peer enmeshment, need denial, practicing-mirroring, rejection expectancy, and healthy separation. These findings suggest that psycho-educational studies improving assertiveness can be carried out for the late adolescents who experience separation-individuation problems.

  1. Floating point fault tolerance with backward error assertions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Boley, D.; Golub, G.H.; Makar, S.; Saxena, N.; Mccluskey, E.J. [Univ. of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN (United States)

    1995-02-01

    This paper introduces an assertion scheme based on the backward error analysis for error detection in algorithms that solve dense systems of linear equations, Ax = b. Unlike previous methods, this Backward Error Assertion Model is specifically designed to operate in an environment of floating point arithmetic subject to round-off errors, and it can be easily instrumented in a Watchdog processor environment. The complexity of verifying assertions is Omicron (n(sup 2)), compared to the Omicron (n(sup 3)) complexity of algorithms solving Ax = b. Unlike other proposed error detection methods, this assertion model does not require any encoding of the matrix A. Experimental results under various error models are presented to validate the effectiveness of this assertion scheme. 22 refs.

  2. Effect of assertive outreach after suicide attempt in the AID (assertive intervention for deliberate self harm) trial

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Morthorst, Britt; Krogh, Jesper; Erlangsen, Annette;

    2012-01-01

    To assess whether an assertive outreach intervention after suicide attempt could reduce the frequency of subsequent suicidal acts, compared with standard treatment.......To assess whether an assertive outreach intervention after suicide attempt could reduce the frequency of subsequent suicidal acts, compared with standard treatment....

  3. Levels of Assertiveness and Peer Pressure of Nursing Students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Esin Arslan

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: The research was conducted in order to determine levels of assertiveness and peer pressure of the nursing students.Methodology: This descriptive research has been performed with 154 nursing students in Bozok University, The data were collected with Questionnaire Form, Rathus Assertiveness Inventory and Peer Pressure Scale. We used the data one way Anova, two samples t test, the relationship between several independent variables and scales were evaluated by Pearson correlation technique in order to evaluate the data with normal distribution.Results: It was seen that 69.5% of the students was assertive and mean scores for assertiveness of the male students (19.4±17.9 were higher than that of the female students (29.0±14.1. However, mean scores for peer pressure of the male students (56.6±12.4 were higher than that of the female students (44.0±8.8. It was found out that there was a positive direction middle level significant correlation between mean assertiveness scores and mean peer pressure scores of the studentsConclusion: Although we did not find any significant correlation between mean assertiveness scores and mean peer pressure scores, it was seen that male students were more assertive than female students and male students experienced peer pressure more than female students.

  4. MOTIVATIONAL AND VALUE-SEMANTIC DETERMINANTS OF INDIVIDUAL ASSERTIVENESS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lebedeva Inga Viktorovna

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available The paper attempts to reveal the concept of "determinants of assertiveness" of a personality, which are determined by motivational characteristics and life value and meaning orientations of the individual. The immediate driving force of human action is the motive or the system of motives. The system of motives of human behavior in different situations of activities, communication and cognition is determined by the personal world view (set of ideas, interests, and beliefs. The value orientation, influencing the direction of human activity, determines a person's behavior and is a personality determinant in the manifestations of assertive behavior and assertiveness. Therefore, the significant psychological factors that contribute to the development of assertiveness are high motivation to success, positive attitudes, and such values as compassion, tolerance, mutual understanding, sympathy, concern that oppose to violence, domination, suppression and submission. The article also presents the results of an empirical study of motivational and value-semantic characteristics of the individual.

  5. Cognitive Mediation of Aggressive, Assertive, and Submissive Behavior in Children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deluty, Robert H.

    1985-01-01

    Examines three critical components of interpersonal cognitive problem solving (alternative-thinking ability, evaluative judgments of response alternatives, and consequential thinking) among 188 elementary school students with differing levels of aggressiveness, assertiveness, and submissiveness. Findings indicate interrelatedness of the cognitive…

  6. Treatment Outcome in Patients Receiving Assertive Community Treatment

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kortrijk, H. E.; Mulder, C. L.; Roosenschoon, B. J.; Wiersma, D.

    2010-01-01

    In an observational study of severely mentally ill patients treated in assertive community treatment (ACT) teams, we investigated how treatment outcome was associated with demographic factors, clinical factors, and motivation for treatment. To determine psychosocial outcome, patients were routinely

  7. PENINGKATAN SELF ESTEEM SISWA KORBAN BULLYING MELALUI TEKNIK ASSERTIVE TRAINING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    author Mujiyati

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This study is based on students’ problem who undergone the decreasing of self-esteem due to bullying that students receive in their environment. The long-term goal which going to be achieved is related to self esteem problem of students bullying victims that is capable to solve problem by using effective and tested product through counseling with assertive training technique. This study used research and development method. The steps are: (1 preliminary research; (2 designing model; (3 developing model; (4 testing model restrictively; (5 analysing model; (6 revising model; (7 testing model widely; (8 dissemination of model; and (9 recommending tested model. The result of study showed that the model of counseling through assertive training was empirically proven effective to improve self esteem of students bullying victims.Keywords: Self Esteem, Bullying, Assertive Training

  8. Self-defeating personality, argumentativeness, and assertive self-statements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schill, T

    1996-12-01

    55 men and 55 women were administered Schill's Self-defeating Personality Scale, an argumentativeness scale, and a measure of assertive self-statements. Women with higher scores on the Self-defeating Personality Scale had lower scores on the argumentativeness scale. Both men and women scoring higher on the Self-defeating Personality Scale recalled having thoughts which inhibited them from making assertive statements. These results were discussed as supporting prior research showing that persons reporting more self-defeating characteristics were relatively unassertive.

  9. Run-time assertion checking of JML annotations in multithreaded applications with e-OpenJML

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kandziora, Jorne; Huisman, Marieke; Bockisch, Christoph; Zaharieva-Stojanovski, Marina; Monahan, R.

    2015-01-01

    Run-time assertion checking of multithreaded programs is challenging, as assertion evaluation should not interfere with the execution of other threads. This paper describes the prototype implementation of a run-time assertion checker that achieves this by evaluating assertions over snapshots of the

  10. Thought Stopping And Covert Assertion In The Treatment Of Phobias

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rimm, David C.

    1973-01-01

    The present paper describes a method combining thought stopping and covert assertion and reports its application in six case histories the majority of which would usually be classified as phobic rather than obsessional. The paper reports successful followups. (Author/LA)

  11. Assertive community treatment for elderly people with severe mental illness

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    J. Stobbe (Jolanda); N.C.L. Mulder (Niels); B.J. Roosenschoon (Bert); M. Depla (Marja); H. Kroon (Hans)

    2010-01-01

    textabstractBackground: Adults aged 65 and older with severe mental illnesses are a growing segment of the Dutch population. Some of them have a range of serious problems and are also difficult to engage. While assertive community treatment is a common model for treating difficult to engage severe m

  12. Cognitive adaptation training combined with assertive community treatment

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Jens Peter; Ostergaard, Birte; Nordentoft, Merete;

    2012-01-01

    Cognitive adaptation training (CAT) targets the adaptive behaviour of patients with schizophrenia and has shown promising results regarding the social aspects of psychosocial treatment. As yet, no reports have appeared on the use of CAT in combination with assertive community treatment (ACT). Our...

  13. Secure bindings of SAML assertions to TLS sessions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kohlar, Florian; Schwenk, Jörg; Jensen, Meiko;

    2010-01-01

    is to strengthen the Same Origin Policy of the browser by taking into account the security guarantees TLS gives. In this paper, we present a third approach which is of further interest beyond IDM protocols: we bind the SAML assertion to the TLS session that has been agreed upon between client and the service...

  14. Religious conversion and Dalit assertion amongst a Punjabi Dalit diaspora

    OpenAIRE

    Taylor, Steve

    2014-01-01

    Drawing upon original ethnographic research amongst Punjabi Dalit communities within the UK and India, this paper examines post-transnational migration religious conversion from Sikhism to neo-Buddhism and Christianity, assessing the extent to which this process is simultaneously one of Dalit assertion and resistance to caste-based oppression, thereby facilitating social change within the contemporary Punjabi transnational community. While it is generally accepted that, despite the Ambedkar m...

  15. The client experience of assertive community treatment: a qualitative study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leiphart, Linda R; Barnes, Madaline G

    2005-01-01

    Assertive Community Treatment (ACT) has demonstrated effectiveness in reducing hospital days for persons with schizophrenia. Utilizing depth interviews and Grounded Theory techniques (Strauss & Corbin, 1998), client reactions to this intensive form of treatment delivery were explored. This study illustrates the importance of the relationship between treatment providers and persons with schizophrenia. As providers assisted clients with practical needs, clients began to develop trust, which fostered a sense of belonging and relationship, leading toward a positive motivation regarding treatment.

  16. The Relevance of Wrestlers’ Assertiveness with Their Individual Success

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erdoğan Yılmaz

    Full Text Available Subjects has been chosen from wrestlers, have the right to take part in Turkey Wrestling Championship in 2006-2007 season, deal with the wrestling sport in various cities and clubs in Turkey. Subjects consist of total 213 wrestlers whose age range from 17 to 40 and participated in Turkey Wrestling championship, and these wrestlers include 169 free-styles and Greco-Roman style male wrestlers and 44 free-style female wrestlers. It has been aimed in this study to analyze assertiveness level of elite male and female wrestlers’ effect on their individual success. Firstly, information related to the aim of the survey has been given systematically by scanning literature. Thus, a theoretical framework about the topic has been established. Secondly, personal identification form created by the researcher, results ruler of athlete and assertiveness inventory developed by Rathus, adapted into Turkish by Voltan, applied on the male and female wrestlers randomly in order to achieve the object of this study. In the statistical analysis of data obtained from the research was used descriptive statistics One Way ANOVA and test t, besides Tukey test was used to determine the differences between the groups. As a result of statistical analyzes, Level of Assertiveness has been observed at a higher level in those wrestlers, who wrestles in greko-romen style, who are female, and have liberal families, than those wrestlers who wrestles in free-style, who are male, and have protective parents. As a result, it has been determined that high levels of assertiveness sports have been more successful than the others.

  17. Smart Dialogue for Smart Citizens: Assertive Approaches for Strategic Planning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isidoro Fasolino

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available It is very important to know how to communicate, but even more important is knowing how to listen. There is no dialogue without listening. Listening and speaking can generate a virtuous cycle that, enriching the field of information, allows the introduction of essential elements of innovation. It is relevant in this context the assertive ability of who manages and coordinates the decision-making processes. The potential of new approaches based on assertiveness are the new frontier of research discipline that is able to meet future challenges aiming to contribute to the construction of places and forms of living together in the growing interest of fairness and justice. Assertive facilitator knows how to guide difficult people and handle very hard situations without adopting manipulative behaviors. He is able to detect the potential conflict and to bring to light the reasons for disagreement , softening the tone and avoiding any possible uncontrolled escalation. He encourages debates and open discussions; he has to build links too, fueling reports profits, collaborating with others toward common goals; speaking and discussing in groups and among groups; seeking solutions in which, both parties, come out winning. So the view expressed is argument of discussion in the development of the tools of urban structure, with the aim of implementing a participatory methodology in the development of planning tools. We propose an application in the series of meetings of initial preparatory participation to the formation of a Preliminary Plan for a medium size town.

  18. Effect of assertiveness training on homesickness in girls students

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    Fariba Tabe bordbar

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available (Received 24 August, 2009 ; Accepted 13 January, 2010AbstractBackground and purpose: Homesickness is a complex cognitive, exciting and stimulating condition that comes into existence because of the individual’s transition into a new environment and it seems to present the reduction of coping strategies. This research aims to study the effectiveness of the method of assertiveness training on homesickness of female university students.Materials and methods: This was an interventional study pre and post test study. Among 249 female freshmen, 96 students were found to be suffering from homesickness among which 60 students were randomly selected and put in the intervention and control group. The information was gathered by Archer et al., homesickness questionnaire which involves 30 expressions, from 1 to 5 likert scale, and also by the researcher’s own questionnaire which involves demographic information. The pre test data were gathered within the first 2 weeks of their arrival to the dormitory. The experimental group took part in 12 90-minute training sessions followed by evaluation 3 weeks after the initial testing. The data were analyzed according to Mann-Whihtney test.Results: The pre- test data from the two groups showed no significant difference, however, with the presentation assertiveness training, the experimental group grades were significantly higher than control the group. Also, two factors of homesickness i.e., not-likening the university and strong attachment to their home did not show a difference in pre test, however, differences in post test were shown to be significant.Conclusion: The results of the study show that assertiveness training can be effective in alleviating problems that come up after the transition of the individual into the university and their new environment. J Mazand Univ Med Sci 2009; 19(73: 28-33 (Persian.

  19. Verification of Mixed-Signal Systems with Affine Arithmetic Assertions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carna Radojicic

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Embedded systems include an increasing share of analog/mixed-signal components that are tightly interwoven with functionality of digital HW/SW systems. A challenge for verification is that even small deviations in analog components can lead to significant changes in system properties. In this paper we propose the combination of range-based, semisymbolic simulation with assertion checking. We show that this approach combines advantages, but as well some limitations, of multirun simulations with formal techniques. The efficiency of the proposed method is demonstrated by several examples.

  20. The work of recovery on two assertive community treatment teams.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salyers, Michelle P; Stull, Laura G; Rollins, Angela L; Hopper, Kim

    2011-05-01

    The compatibility of recovery work with the Assertive Community Treatment (ACT) model has been debated; and little is known about how to best measure the work of recovery. Two ACT teams with high and low recovery orientation were identified by expert consensus and compared on a number of dimensions. Using an interpretive, qualitative approach to analyze interview and observation data, teams differed in the extent to which the environment, team structure, staff attitudes, and processes of working with consumers supported principles of recovery orientation. We present a model of recovery work and discuss implications for research and practice.

  1. Consistency of assertive, aggressive, and submissive behavior for children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deluty, R H

    1985-10-01

    The interpersonal behavior of 50 third- through fifth-grade children was assessed over an 8-month period in a wide variety of naturally occurring school activities. The consistency of the children's behavior was found to vary as a function of the child's sex, the class of behavior examined, and the similarity/dissimilarity of the contexts in which the behaviors occurred. Boys demonstrated remarkable consistency in their aggressive expression; 46 of 105 intercorrelations for the aggressiveness dimensions were statistically significant. In general, the consistency of assertive behavior for both boys and girls was unexpectedly high.

  2. Teacher's asserting premises and possibilities of efficient managerial styles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudiu Marian Bunaiasu

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The issue of teacher's managerial styles is unitary approached along with educational styles issue and institutional management styles issue, and is part of the class' managerial dimension. Comparative, educational and managerial styles (of the school manager have a theoretical history and benefit from validated techniques and tools, whereas teacher's managerial styles issue are about to gain consistency as part of the pedagogical literature, and present researches emphasize their roles in efficientizing didactic activity. The article Teacher's asserting premises and possibilities of efficient managerial styles is based on multiple specific sub- themes: a analysis of the key-concepts outlining theme's theoretical framework; b teacher's managerial styles typology; c conditions and modalities in order to efficientize managerial styles. Premises of the topic speech consist in: situationally approach the educational process, the relation between teacher's educational and managerial styles, references to a personal research regarding the outline of the constructive teacher's managerial styles. Based on these key-concepts and in accordance with the multidimensional approach (conditions, factors, modalities in order to outline and assert styles, possibilities and modalities are being analyzed in order to efficientize teacher's managerial styles.

  3. Achieving Security Assurance with Assertion-based Application Construction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos E. Rubio-Medrano

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Modern software applications are commonly built by leveraging pre-fabricated modules, e.g. application programming interfaces (APIs, which are essential to implement the desired functionalities of software applications, helping reduce the overall development costs and time. When APIs deal with security-related functionality, it is critical to ensure they comply with their design requirements since otherwise unexpected flaws and vulnerabilities may consequently occur. Often, such APIs may lack sufficient specification details, or may implement a semantically-different version of a desired security model to enforce, thus possibly complicating the runtime enforcement of security properties and making it harder to minimize the existence of serious vulnerabilities. This paper proposes a novel approach to address such a critical challenge by leveraging the notion of software assertions. We focus on security requirements in role-based access control models and show how proper verification at the source-code level can be performed with our proposed approach as well as with automated state-of-the-art assertion-based techniques.

  4. Effects of a single-session assertiveness music therapy role playing protocol for psychiatric inpatients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silverman, Michael J

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to implement and measure the effectiveness of a single-session assertiveness music therapy role playing protocol for psychiatric inpatients. Participants (N=133) were randomly assigned by group to one of three conditions: (a) Assertiveness Music Therapy, (b) No Music Assertiveness, or (c) Music No Assertiveness. Participants in both assertiveness conditions role played a number of different commonly occurring scenarios at an inpatient psychiatric facility and in the community. There were no significant between-group differences in posttest quality of life, locus of control, or other subscales. However, participants in both assertiveness conditions tended to have slightly higher internal locus of control and overall quality of life scores than participants in the music no assertiveness condition. Additionally, the assertiveness music therapy condition had higher attendance rates than the other conditions. A higher percentage of participants from both the assertiveness music therapy and music no assertiveness conditions indicated they thought their session was the most helpful/therapeutic group therapy session in which they had participated; this was not the case for the assertiveness no music condition. Future research is warranted to measure the effects of protocols that can help psychiatric patients generalize skills learned in treatment.

  5. Effect of assertive outreach after suicide attempt in the AID (assertive intervention for deliberate self harm) trial

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Morthorst, Britt; Krogh, Jesper; Erlangsen, Annette

    2012-01-01

    attempt, compared with 13/120 (11%) in the control group (odds ratio 1.60, 95% confidence interval 0.76 to 3.38; P=0.22). By contrast, self reported data on new events showed 11/95 (12%) in the intervention group versus 13/74 (18%) in the control group (0.61, 0.26 to 1.46; P=0.27). By imputing missing....... INTERVENTION: Case management through assertive outreach that provided crisis intervention and flexible problem solving. This approach incorporated motivational support and actively assisted patients to scheduled appointments to improve adherence with after-treatment as an add on to standard treatment. MAIN...... data on the selfreported outcomes, we estimated 15/123 (12%) events in the intervention group and 23/120 (19%) in the control group (0.69, 0.34 to 1.43; P=0.32). CONCLUSION: Assertive outreach showed no significant effect on subsequent suicide attempt. The difference in rates of events between register...

  6. Forensic Assertive Community Treatment: A Review of the Literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marquant, Thomas; Sabbe, Bernard; Van Nuffel, Meike; Goethals, Kris

    2016-11-01

    An extensive body of literature provides evidence supporting the effectiveness of assertive community treatment (ACT) with regard to non-forensic outcome measures, such as number of hospital admissions and length of stay. However, research findings on the effectiveness of ACT for forensic outcome measures, such as rearrests or detentions, is much less clear. The present review, therefore, focuses on the application of ACT in forensic populations, combining key elements of ACT with elements of forensic rehabilitation models. Specifically, a review of the literature was conducted using a systematic methodology in an attempt to combine evidence-based elements of 40 years of research on regular ACT with elements of forensic rehabilitation models. Results reveal limited yet promising evidence in support of the effectiveness of forensic ACT for forensic outcome measures. Implications for future research and clinical practice are discussed.

  7. County Government Fleet Purchasing Practices: Financial Efficiency vs. Need Assertion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Steve Modlin

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available An abundant amount of local government services are implemented through the use of automobiles each year. These costs include initial purchase, use, repair, and replacement. Traditional budgeting research is broad and does not isolate fleet costs or the influential actors in the process. This study examines the finance practices and need assertion associated with vehicle purchases and acquisition. Findings indicate most county governments in North and South Carolina choose to purchase vehicles on a cash basis, especially if there is a low resale value for surplus automobiles. In addition, county staff are very influential in additional vehicle purchases, especially if the sheriff can convince the county manager that additional automobiles of a particular make can enhance service delivery.

  8. Between compassionateness and assertiveness: A trust matrix for leaders

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Victor Manuel Monteiro Seco

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: Construct the structure of trust-building perceived by principals in Portuguese public schools.Design/methodology/approach: A grounded theory approach applied to a survey of open questions answered by school’s principals.Findings: (1 self-trust is the single trait common to all respondents; (2 compassion is a striking antecedent in the process of other-trust; compassionateness and assertiveness must combine with one another to achieve leadership based on smart trust, what is outlined in a matrix model built from the data.Research limitations/implications: The major limitation of this study was the impossibility to conduct face-to-face interviews given the limitation of free time alleged by the principals. In order to solve that limitation we decide to use the grounded theory approach.Practical implications: The consideration of a symbiosis category of the behaviors of principals can trigger positive expectations among the players who until now did not understand how it is possible to bring together the best of the worlds of management and leadership in a balanced way, with efficiency in authenticity.Social implications: The aforementioned dyadic model reflects a psychological state based on the belief that others do not take advantage of us, showing that trust is an essential element in positive human relations and becomes a strategic issue.Originality/value: The present study found that “pure” positive behaviors, as being compassionate, might need to be tempered or complemented with other behaviors such as assertiveness, to become really effective.

  9. The Effect of Assertiveness Training on the Mobbing That Nurses Experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karakaş, Sibel Asi; Okanli, Ayşe

    2015-10-01

    This research was designed to determine the impact of assertiveness training on the mobbing experience of nurses. This study was conducted in two phases. In the first phase, 218 nurses completed the mobbing scale; the education group consisted of 38 nurses who received a score at or above 204 points. A total of 180 nurses were excluded from the education group because they received less than 204 points. The study was conducted with 30 nurses because 8 nurses did not agree to participate in the study. The 30 nurses received the assertiveness training program. Six months after training, the nurses completed the mobbing scale and Rathus Assertiveness Inventory (RAI) again. The assertiveness training positively affected the assertiveness and mobbing scores (p = .000). After the training, the assertiveness scores increased and the mobbing condition score decreased (p mobbing. In line with these results, training programs, which support nurses' personal development by providing counseling and support to nurse victims of mobbing, are recommended.

  10. Using Fuzzy Logic in Test Case Prioritization for Regression Testing Programs with Assertions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali M. Alakeel

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Program assertions have been recognized as a supporting tool during software development, testing, and maintenance. Therefore, software developers place assertions within their code in positions that are considered to be error prone or that have the potential to lead to a software crash or failure. Similar to any other software, programs with assertions must be maintained. Depending on the type of modification applied to the modified program, assertions also might have to undergo some modifications. New assertions may also be introduced in the new version of the program, while some assertions can be kept the same. This paper presents a novel approach for test case prioritization during regression testing of programs that have assertions using fuzzy logic. The main objective of this approach is to prioritize the test cases according to their estimated potential in violating a given program assertion. To develop the proposed approach, we utilize fuzzy logic techniques to estimate the effectiveness of a given test case in violating an assertion based on the history of the test cases in previous testing operations. We have conducted a case study in which the proposed approach is applied to various programs, and the results are promising compared to untreated and randomly ordered test cases.

  11. Using fuzzy logic in test case prioritization for regression testing programs with assertions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alakeel, Ali M

    2014-01-01

    Program assertions have been recognized as a supporting tool during software development, testing, and maintenance. Therefore, software developers place assertions within their code in positions that are considered to be error prone or that have the potential to lead to a software crash or failure. Similar to any other software, programs with assertions must be maintained. Depending on the type of modification applied to the modified program, assertions also might have to undergo some modifications. New assertions may also be introduced in the new version of the program, while some assertions can be kept the same. This paper presents a novel approach for test case prioritization during regression testing of programs that have assertions using fuzzy logic. The main objective of this approach is to prioritize the test cases according to their estimated potential in violating a given program assertion. To develop the proposed approach, we utilize fuzzy logic techniques to estimate the effectiveness of a given test case in violating an assertion based on the history of the test cases in previous testing operations. We have conducted a case study in which the proposed approach is applied to various programs, and the results are promising compared to untreated and randomly ordered test cases.

  12. Virtual world for helping teens practice assertiveness skills

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nemire, Kenneth; Beil, Joshua; Swan, Ronald W.

    1999-05-01

    Smoking is on the rise among adolescents. This pilot project combined the well-documented benefits of Life Skills Training (LST) with the unique multisensory, 3D qualities of virtual environment (VE) technology to address some of the disadvantages of traditional prevention programs by engaging teens better, presenting information more persuasively, and making prevention programs continuously available in computer labs. In an eight-week pilot study, 45 seventh- grade students were randomly assigned to LST, VE, or non- intervention control groups. The VE system included goggles, synthesized speech, head and hand trackers, hand-held controller, and speech recognition. Questionnaires measured participants' smoking knowledge and behavior,a participants' reports on the usability of the VE system, and reports of simulator sickness symptoms. Structured interviews with randomly selected participants from each group revealed more detailed information. Data indicated the VE group retained more information and had more positive experiences learning about dangers of smoking and assertiveness skills than did the LST group. Usability data showed ease of use and learning of the VE system, with no significant symptoms of simulator sickness. These data indicated that this VE application is a promising tool for keeping teens healthy.

  13. The Relationship between the Assertive Behavior of Parents and the Behavior of Their Children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shilling, Catherine S.

    1979-01-01

    Results indicate that, contrary to most literature on the family, assertiveness relates to affection rather than control; that assertiveness training should be subordinated to interpersonal skills training; that Fundamental Interpersonal Relations Orientation-Behavior (FIRO-B) instruments provide more effective assessment of family interaction…

  14. Relation between Assertiveness, Academic Self-Efficacy, and Psychosocial Adjustment among International Graduate Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poyrazli, Senel; Arbona, Consuelo; Nora, Amaury; McPherson, Robert; Pisecco, Stewart

    2002-01-01

    Rathus Assertiveness Schedule, Academic Self-Efficacy Scale, The Inventory for Student Adjustment Strain, and UCLA Loneliness Scale were used to examine a total of 122 graduate international students. Findings indicate that English proficiency, assertiveness, and academic self-efficacy contributed uniquely to the variance in students' general…

  15. Relationships of Assertiveness, Depression, and Social Support Among Older Nursing Home Residents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Segal, Daniel

    2005-01-01

    This study assessed the relationships of assertiveness, depression, and social support among nursing home residents. The sample included 50 older nursing home residents (mean age=75 years; 75% female; 92% Caucasian). There was a significant correlation between assertiveness and depression (r=-.33), but the correlations between social support and…

  16. Examining China’s Assertiveness through the Eyes of Chinese IR Scholars

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Feng, Huiyun; He, Kai

    China’s assertive diplomacy in recent years has ignited intense debates among International Relations (IR) scholars. Some argue that China’s assertive behavior is rooted in its perception of increasing power and capabilities. Others suggest that it is U.S. policies that triggered China’s assertiv...

  17. Prediction of Addiction Potential on the Basis of Aggression and Assertiveness in University Students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehrdad Hajihasani

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: The aim of present research was the prediction of addiction potential on the basis of aggression and assertiveness in Allameh Tabbatabaei girl students. Method: The research method was correlational design and population of research was girl students of Allameh Tabatabaei university. By available sampling 150 girls were selected and Ahvaz Aggression Questionnaire, Gambril & Rigy Assertiveness questionnaire and Zargari Addiction Potential Questionnaire administered among selected sample. Findings: the results of the Pearson correlation showed that the relationship between aggression, assertiveness, and addiction potential was significant. Also, the results of multivariate regression analysis showed that aggression, assertiveness and depression can predict the Addiction Potential. Conclusion: Addiction potential can be predicted by aggression and assertiveness.

  18. Predictors of sexual assertiveness: the role of sexual desire, arousal, attitudes, and partner abuse.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santos-Iglesias, Pablo; Sierra, Juan Carlos; Vallejo-Medina, Pablo

    2013-08-01

    This study was conducted to test interpersonal, attitudinal, and sexual predictors of sexual assertiveness in a Spanish sample of 1,619 men and 1,755 women aged 18-87 years. Participants completed measures of sexual assertiveness, solitary and dyadic sexual desire, sexual arousal, erectile function, sexual attitudes, and frequency of partner abuse. In men, higher sexual assertiveness was predicted by less non-physical abuse, more positive attitudes toward sexual fantasies and erotophilia, higher dyadic desire, and higher sexual arousal. In women, higher sexual assertiveness was predicted by less non-physical abuse, less solitary sexual desire and higher dyadic sexual desire, arousal, erotophilia, and positive attitudes towards sexual fantasies. Results were discussed in the light of prevention and educational programs that include training in sexual assertiveness skills.

  19. [Causal relationship between assertiveness and adjustment in children: A short-term longitudinal study].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eguchi, Megumi; Hamaguchi, Yoshikazu

    2015-08-01

    This study examined the causal relationships between assertiveness and both internal and external adjustment in children. Elementary school children in grades four through six (N = 284) participated in the study, which used a short-term longitudinal design. The children completed questionnaires twice during a 6-months period. They responded to assertiveness questionnaires that included two components: "self-expression" and "consideration of others". They also completed a self-esteem scale as an index of internal adjustment, and the Class Life Satisfaction scale as an index of external adjustment. There was a positive causative relationship between "self-expression" and internal adjustment and between "consideration for others" and external adjustment. In addition, the effects on adjustment varied according to the type of assertiveness. Cluster analysis and MANOVA indicated that the group with high "self-expression" and "consideration for others" had high internal and external adjustment, while the children with poor assertiveness showed the lowest degree of adaptivity.

  20. Thought Stopping and Covert Assertion in the Treatment of Snake Phobics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rimm, David C.; And Others

    1975-01-01

    These findings in concert with case history data suggest that the thought-stopping-covert-assertion treatment "package" may hold considerable promise as an efficient and effective clinical tool. (Author)

  1. Salford alcohol assertive outreach team: a new model for reducing alcohol-related admissions

    OpenAIRE

    Hughes, Neill R; Houghton, Natalie; Nadeem, Haitham; Bell, Jackie; McDonald, Suzanne; Glynn, Noel; Scarfe, Christopher; Mackay, Bev; Rogers, Anthony; Walters, Melanie; Smith, Martin; McDonald, Andrew; Dalton, David

    2013-01-01

    Objective Alcohol-related admissions are increasing. A significant number of these admissions are attributable to a small number of complex patients with other comorbidities who do not engage well with mainstream services. Assertive outreach teams have been used in the field of psychiatry to engage patients who are poorly compliant. This study examines whether an alcohol assertive outreach team (AAOT) can engage with this group and reduce hospital admissions. Design The AAOT is a multidiscipl...

  2. Assertiveness training: Effects of treatment, maintenance of change and therapists' contribution in therapy outcome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tovilović Snežana

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available In this research is shown part of results concerning evaluation study of group assertiveness training. Treatment, which has been organized as structured program of assertiveness training, has been applied on 18 groups of subjects during 9 group sessions. This treatment has been adjusted to non-psychiatric clients from our country. Groups were lead by two therapists. During 20 months of our research 215 voluntary participants of full age have joined training groups. Final sample consisted of 158 subjects who had finished treatment and who had fulfilled criteria for taking repeated measurement. Subjects had taken battery of questionnaires before the treatment and eight weeks after they had completed treatment. Subsample, which included 35 subjects from one therapist’s groups, took retest after twice longer time period. Results of conducted research have confirmed the hypothesis concerning the potentiality of assertiveness training to produce expected and significant improvements of treated subjects. Therapy effect is found on symptomatic level through reduction of symptoms of non-assertive behaviors, which were target of the treatment. Contrary to expectation interactive effect of treatment and therapist to reduction of symptoms of non-assertive behavior has been found, which implies need for further investigation of variables that are related to therapists. Through the medium of treatment therapeutic changes in structural level, in domain of general assertiveness, social anxiety and treated subjects' self-concept are produced. The effect of therapy we might consider stabled and maintained after 16 weeks of finishing the treatment.

  3. Assessing the efficacy of a modified assertive community-based treatment programme in a developing country

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Botha Ulla A

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background A number of recently published randomized controlled trials conducted in developed countries have reported no advantage for assertive interventions over standard care models. One possible explanation could be that so-called "standard care" has become more comprehensive in recent years, incorporating some of the salient aspects of assertive models in its modus operandi. Our study represents the first randomised controlled trial assessing the effect of a modified assertive treatment service on readmission rates and other measures of outcome in a developing country. Methods High frequency service users were randomized into an intervention (n = 34 and a control (n = 26 group. The control group received standard community care and the active group an assertive intervention based on a modified version of the international model of assertive community treatment. Study visits were conducted at baseline and 12 months with demographic and illness information collected at visit 1 and readmission rates documented at study end. Symptomatology and functioning were measured at both visits using the PANSS, CDSS, ESRS, WHO-QOL and SOFAS. Results At 12 month follow-up subjects receiving the assertive intervention had significantly lower total PANSS (p = 0.02 as well as positive (p Conclusions Our results indicate that assertive interventions in a developing setting where standard community mental services are often under resourced can produce significant outcomes. Furthermore, these interventions need not be as expensive and comprehensive as international, first-world models in order to reduce inpatient days, improve psychopathology and overall levels of functioning in patients with severe mental illness.

  4. LEVEL OF SELF-RESPECT AND ASSERTIVENESS SKILLS AND TEACHERS’ EDUCATIONAL COMPETENCES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Romanowska-Tolloczko Anna

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: determining of self-respect level and assertiveness of teachers. Verification of whether there is a relationship between the measured trait and the correlation of educational competence. Material and methods: the study used three tools: Polish adaptation of SES M.Rosenberg's Self Esteem Scale, a questionnaire to determine the levels of assertiveness - P.Majewicz's Scale "I and others" and a questionnaire to examine the professional competence of teachers by A.Romanowska-Tołłoczko. The study examined 275 primary school teachers of different subjects. Results: after the statement of the research’s results in the field of self-respect and assertiveness, it turns out that there is some regularity in relation to the level of the studied traits. People with high self-respect also receive higher scores assertive skills compared with those of average and low self-respect. This pattern is seen in all groups of teachers. Conclusions: although the observed differences are not great and statistically significant, they show some evidence of the occurrence trend of interdependence in a range of predispositions. Moreover, a positive correlation between the level of self-respect and assertiveness and parental perception of their competence was noted.

  5. Assessment of subchannel code ASSERT-PV for flow-distribution predictions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nava-Dominguez, A., E-mail: navadoma@aecl.ca; Rao, Y.F., E-mail: raoy@aecl.ca; Waddington, G.M., E-mail: waddingg@aecl.ca

    2014-08-15

    Highlights: • Assessment of the subchannel code ASSERT-PV 3.2 for the prediction of flow distribution. • Open literature and in-house experimental data to quantify ASSERT-PV predictions. • Model changes assessed against vertical and horizontal flow experiments. • Improvement of flow-distribution predictions under CANDU-relevant conditions. - Abstract: This paper reports an assessment of the recently released subchannel code ASSERT-PV 3.2 for the prediction of flow-distribution in fuel bundles, including subchannel void fraction, quality and mass fluxes. Experimental data from open literature and from in-house tests are used to assess the flow-distribution models in ASSERT-PV 3.2. The prediction statistics using the recommended model set of ASSERT-PV 3.2 are compared to those from previous code versions. Separate-effects sensitivity studies are performed to quantify the contribution of each flow-distribution model change or enhancement to the improvement in flow-distribution prediction. The assessment demonstrates significant improvement in the prediction of flow-distribution in horizontal fuel channels containing CANDU bundles.

  6. Women's condom use assertiveness and sexual risk-taking: effects of alcohol intoxication and adult victimization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stoner, Susan A; Norris, Jeanette; George, William H; Morrison, Diane M; Zawacki, Tina; Davis, Kelly Cue; Hessler, Danielle M

    2008-09-01

    This experiment examined relationships among adulthood victimization, sexual assertiveness, alcohol intoxication, and sexual risk-taking in female social drinkers (N=161). Women completed measures of sexual assault and intimate partner violence history and sexual assertiveness before random assignment to 1 of 4 beverage conditions: control, placebo, low dose (.04%), or high dose (.08%). After drinking, women read a second-person story involving a sexual encounter with a new partner. As protagonist of the story, each woman rated her likelihood of condom insistence and unprotected sex. Victimization history and self-reported sexual assertiveness were negatively related. The less sexually assertive a woman was, the less she intended to insist on condom use, regardless of intoxication. By reducing the perceived health consequences of unprotected sex, intoxication indirectly decreased condom insistence and increased unprotected sex. Findings extend previous work by elucidating possible mechanisms of the relationship between alcohol and unprotected sex - perceived health consequences and situational condom insistence - and support the value of sexual assertiveness training to enhance condom insistence, especially since the latter relationship was robust to intoxication.

  7. Body Type, Self-Esteem and Assertiveness among High School Students in Ghana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Bruce

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between body type, self-esteem and assertiveness among adolescents of ages between 13 and 19 years. To achieve this aim, the study sampled 56 male and 94 female adolescents of the Senior High School in Accra, Ghana. Results showed that, higher self-esteem leads to assertiveness. Results also showed that body type perception affects self-esteem. It is, therefore, recommended that Guidance and Counselling officers in our schools should educate adolescent students on the three body types and the advantages associated with being one of these body types. This may help prevent developing body dysmorphic disorder, low self-esteem and non-assertiveness among students with negative perceptions of their body types and the possible effects on their personal relationships with peers, general academic performance and in- school and out-of- school life.

  8. Effect of Meta-Cognitive Therapy on Self Assertiveness Skill in Patients with

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Hossein Bahadori

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Background: Self assertiveness can be considered as hearth of interpersonal behavior and weakness in this area is one of the obvious characteristic in the patients with social phobia disorder. This study aimed to determine the effect of meta-cognitive therapy on the rate of self assertiveness skill in patients with social phobia disorder. Materials and Methods: This experimental study was conducted with pretest-posttest and follow-up design, using control group. From all social phobia disorder patients visited in psychology clinics in Shiraz, south western part of Iran in 2012, 22 patients were selected through the objective sampling method and randomly divided into two experimental (11 persons and control (11 persons groups. The instruments of this study were social phobia symptoms assessment questioner (SPSAQ and self assertiveness scale (SAS. The experimental group received 8 weeks of Wells’ meta-cognitive therapy sessions. Data were analyzed through covariance analysis method. Results: The results showed that the mean of the self assertiveness scores in post-test and follow up in the experimental group is significantly higher than that of the control group (p<0.05. The results of analysis of multivariate covariance showed that MCT had a significant effect on increscent of the self assertiveness skill scores of posttest (0.39 and follow up (0.38 in patients with social phobia disorder (p<0.001. Conclusion: This intervention is believed to improve self assertiveness skill in SPD patients by facilitating transmission from the object mode to the meta-cognitive mode and enhancing the efficient and flexible coping skills.

  9. Assessment of ASSERT-PV for prediction of critical heat flux in CANDU bundles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rao, Y.F., E-mail: raoy@aecl.ca; Cheng, Z., E-mail: chengz@aecl.ca; Waddington, G.M., E-mail: waddingg@aecl.ca

    2014-09-15

    Highlights: • Assessment of the new Canadian subchannel code ASSERT-PV 3.2 for CHF prediction. • CANDU 28-, 37- and 43-element bundle CHF experiments. • Prediction improvement of ASSERT-PV 3.2 over previous code versions. • Sensitivity study of the effect of CHF model options. - Abstract: Atomic Energy of Canada Limited (AECL) has developed the subchannel thermalhydraulics code ASSERT-PV for the Canadian nuclear industry. The recently released ASSERT-PV 3.2 provides enhanced models for improved predictions of flow distribution, critical heat flux (CHF), and post-dryout (PDO) heat transfer in horizontal CANDU fuel channels. This paper presents results of an assessment of the new code version against five full-scale CANDU bundle experiments conducted in 1990s and in 2009 by Stern Laboratories (SL), using 28-, 37- and 43-element (CANFLEX) bundles. A total of 15 CHF test series with varying pressure-tube creep and/or bearing-pad height were analyzed. The SL experiments encompassed the bundle geometries and range of flow conditions for the intended ASSERT-PV applications for CANDU reactors. Code predictions of channel dryout power and axial and radial CHF locations were compared against measurements from the SL CHF tests to quantify the code prediction accuracy. The prediction statistics using the recommended model set of ASSERT-PV 3.2 were compared to those from previous code versions. Furthermore, the sensitivity studies evaluated the contribution of each CHF model change or enhancement to the improvement in CHF prediction. Overall, the assessment demonstrated significant improvement in prediction of channel dryout power and axial and radial CHF locations in horizontal fuel channels containing CANDU bundles.

  10. Assessment of ASSERT-PV for prediction of post-dryout heat transfer in CANDU bundles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cheng, Z., E-mail: chengz@aecl.ca; Rao, Y.F., E-mail: raoy@aecl.ca; Waddington, G.M., E-mail: waddingg@aecl.ca

    2014-10-15

    Highlights: • Assessment of the new Canadian subchannel code ASSERT-PV 3.2 for PDO sheath temperature prediction. • CANDU 28-, 37- and 43-element bundle PDO experiments. • Prediction improvement of ASSERT-PV 3.2 over previous code versions. • Sensitivity study of the effect of PDO model options. - Abstract: Atomic Energy of Canada Limited (AECL) has developed the subchannel thermalhydraulics code ASSERT-PV for the Canadian nuclear industry. The recently released ASSERT-PV 3.2 provides enhanced models for improved predictions of subchannel flow distribution, critical heat flux (CHF), and post-dryout (PDO) heat transfer in horizontal CANDU fuel channels. This paper presents results of an assessment of the new code version against PDO tests performed during five full-size CANDU bundle experiments conducted between 1992 and 2009 by Stern Laboratories (SL), using 28-, 37- and 43-element bundles. A total of 10 PDO test series with varying pressure-tube creep and/or bearing-pad height were analyzed. The SL experiments encompassed the bundle geometries and range of flow conditions for the intended ASSERT-PV applications for existing CANDU reactors. Code predictions of maximum PDO fuel-sheath temperature were compared against measurements from the SL PDO tests to quantify the code's prediction accuracy. The prediction statistics using the recommended model set of ASSERT-PV 3.2 were compared to those from previous code versions. Furthermore, separate-effects sensitivity studies quantified the contribution of each PDO model change or enhancement to the improvement in PDO heat transfer prediction. Overall, the assessment demonstrated significant improvement in prediction of PDO sheath temperature in horizontal fuel channels containing CANDU bundles.

  11. SystemVerilog assertions and functional coverage guide to language, methodology and applications

    CERN Document Server

    Mehta, Ashok B

    2013-01-01

    This book provides a hands-on, application-oriented guide to the language and methodology of both SystemVerilog Assertions and SytemVerilog Functional Coverage.  Readers will benefit from the step-by-step approach to functional hardware verification, which will enable them to uncover hidden and hard to find bugs, point directly to the source of the bug, provide for a clean and easy way to model complex timing checks and objectively answer the question 'have we functionally verified everything'.  Written by a professional end-user of both SystemVerilog Assertions and SystemVerilog Functional Co

  12. Function assertive community treatment (FACT) and psychiatric service use in patients diagnosed with severe mental illness

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Drukker, M.; van Os, J.; Sytema, S.; Driessen, G.; Visser, E.; Delespaul, Ph.

    2011-01-01

    Aim. Previous work suggests that the Dutch variant of assertive community treatment (ACT), known as Function ACT (FACT), may be effective in increasing symptomatic remission rates when replacing a system of hospital-based care and separate community-based facilities. FACT guidelines propose a differ

  13. Problem-Solving in TV Shows Popular with Children: Assertion vs. Aggression.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dominick, Joseph R.; And Others

    1979-01-01

    A content analysis of the 23 prime time and Saturday morning television programs most popular with children suggested that in prime time programs, assertive and helping behavior were more frequent than aggression in efforts to solve problems, but that the rate of aggression was higher in Saturday programs. (GT)

  14. Comparing Locus of Control, Assertiveness and General Health among Young Drug Addicts in Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shahriar Shahidi

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available "n "nObjective:The aim of this research was to compare the characteristics of assertiveness, locus of control and general health among young drug dependent patients in Iran. "n "nMethods: Three groups of Iranians: were choosed. The first group included drug dependent patients who had volunteered for treatment and had registered in the local Welfare Organization; the second group included dependent patients who were in the prison; and the third group held nondependent patients. All the participants were male and were matched for age and educational level . The following instruments were used in the present study: locus of control  uestionnaire , Assertiveness Scale and the General Health Questionnaire, GHQ. "n "nResults: The results of the present research showed that there were significant differences among the three groups in ssertiveness, locus of control and GHQ scores. It was found that participants in the non addictive group were more assertive and more internal in their locus of control and had higher GHQ scores than the other two groups. The participants in the prison group reported less assertiveness and lower GHQ scores than the non addictive group ; and their locus of control was more external. Conclusion: "n The results this study may be useful in terms of possible strategies for changing an attributive style in young adults in the framework of psychotherapy

  15. Assertive Classroom Management Strategies and Students' Performance: The Case of EFL Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aliakbari, Mohammad; Bozorgmanesh, Bafrin

    2015-01-01

    Ample research findings support the effective role that classroom management strategies play in enhancing students' learning. Drawing upon Iranian high school teachers' classroom management strategies, this article is intended to examine the extent to which these teachers follow assertive classroom management strategies and if these strategies…

  16. Einstein's Equations for Spin 2 Mass 0 from Noether's Converse Hilbertian Assertion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pitts, J. Brian

    2016-11-01

    An overlap between the general relativist and particle physicist views of Einstein gravity is uncovered. Noether's 1918 paper developed Hilbert's and Klein's reflections on the conservation laws. Energy-momentum is just a term proportional to the field equations and a 'curl' term with identically zero divergence. Noether proved a converse "Hilbertian assertion": such "improper" conservation laws imply a generally covariant action.

  17. ASSERT4SOA: Toward Security Certification of Service-Oriented Applications

    OpenAIRE

    2010-01-01

    ASSERT4SOA project proposes machine readable certificates to be used to allow Web service requesters to automatically assess the security properties of Web services (and their providers) as certified by a trusted third party. This vision promises to open up an entire new market for certification services.

  18. The Effects of a Sport Education Season on Empathy and Assertiveness

    Science.gov (United States)

    García-López, L. M.; Gutiérrez, D.

    2015-01-01

    Background: One of the objectives of the new Spanish Education Act is for students to develop a series of social skills, largely derived from the ability variables of assertiveness and empathy. Sport Education is an instructional model that is deemed useful in the development of personal and social responsibility and social values. It requires…

  19. Differentiating between Confrontive and Coercive Kinds of Parental Power-Assertive Disciplinary Practices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baumrind, Diana

    2012-01-01

    In this essay, I differentiate between coercive and confrontive kinds of power assertion to elucidate the significantly different effects on children's well-being of authoritarian and authoritative styles of parental authority. Although both parenting styles (in contrast to the permissive style) are equally demanding, forceful, and…

  20. Effects of Assertiveness Training and Expressive Writing on Acculturative Stress in International Students: A Randomized Trial

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tavakoli, Shedeh; Lumley, Mark A.; Hijazi, Alaa M.; Slavin-Spenny, Olga M.; Parris, George P.

    2009-01-01

    International university students often experience acculturative stress, and culturally appropriate techniques to manage stress are needed. This randomized trial tested the effects of group assertiveness training, private expressive writing, their combination, and a wait-list control on the acculturative stress, affect, and health of 118…

  1. A Struggle for Leadership Recognition: The AIIB, Reactive Chinese Assertiveness, and Regional Order

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John H.S. Åberg

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to contribute to the ongoing debate about “Chinese assertiveness”. The paper dissects the central articles on the topic and evaluates their conceptual and theoretical insights. It ascertains that the concept of assertiveness is poorly substantiated; that proponents of “Chinese assertiveness” largely claim that it derives from structural factors that produced effects in Chinese foreign policy behavior prior to the US pivot to Asia; and ultimately, that critical accounts, since they reject the very concept, lack theories that can explain Chinese assertiveness. This article attempts to address these shortcomings. First, the article reconceptualizes assertiveness and connects it to grand strategy change. Second, this change is reactive and occurs after, not prior to the US pivot. Third, in order to provide greater theoretical adequacy, this article combines material factors with institutional factors and show how they dialectically interact with status aspiration, as part of the struggle for the positional good of leadership. To show the conceptual and theoretical plausibility of the argument, the paper outlines the dialectical interplay between positional barriers in the ADB and the US pivot to Asia, on the one hand, and reactive Chinese assertiveness and the AIIB, on the other.

  2. On the Comparison of Interpersonal Sensitivity and Assertiveness between Drug-Dependent Persons and Ordinary People

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Babak Vojudi

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Objective: The present study was aimed at comparing interpersonal sensitivity and assertiveness between drug-dependent persons and ordinary people. Method: The research method was causal-comparative. The statistical population of the study consisted of all narcotic addicts of Tabriz City who referred to Addiction Treatment Centers while the research was being conducted. The number of 30 addicted persons was selected through cluster sampling and 30 ordinary persons as control group through convenience sampling method. Gmbryl & Ritchie’s assertiveness questionnaire (1975 and Boyce & Parker’s Interpersonal Sensitivity Measure (IPSM 1989 were used for data collection purposes. Results: The results showed that there was a statistically significant difference between two groups in terms of interpersonal sensitivity and assertiveness. The addicts showed less assertiveness and more interpersonal sensitivity in comparison with their healthy counterparts. Conclusion: The findings show that people who are unable to express themselves and exert sensitivity in interpersonal relationships are more likely at high risk of substance dependence. However, it is possible to prevent these persons from turning to addiction by teaching them these skills.

  3. Women are Warmer but No Less Assertive than Men: Gender and Language on Facebook.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Gregory; Yaden, David Bryce; Schwartz, H Andrew; Kern, Margaret L; Eichstaedt, Johannes C; Kosinski, Michael; Stillwell, David; Ungar, Lyle H; Seligman, Martin E P

    2016-01-01

    Using a large social media dataset and open-vocabulary methods from computational linguistics, we explored differences in language use across gender, affiliation, and assertiveness. In Study 1, we analyzed topics (groups of semantically similar words) across 10 million messages from over 52,000 Facebook users. Most language differed little across gender. However, topics most associated with self-identified female participants included friends, family, and social life, whereas topics most associated with self-identified male participants included swearing, anger, discussion of objects instead of people, and the use of argumentative language. In Study 2, we plotted male- and female-linked language topics along two interpersonal dimensions prevalent in gender research: affiliation and assertiveness. In a sample of over 15,000 Facebook users, we found substantial gender differences in the use of affiliative language and slight differences in assertive language. Language used more by self-identified females was interpersonally warmer, more compassionate, polite, and-contrary to previous findings-slightly more assertive in their language use, whereas language used more by self-identified males was colder, more hostile, and impersonal. Computational linguistic analysis combined with methods to automatically label topics offer means for testing psychological theories unobtrusively at large scale.

  4. Women are Warmer but No Less Assertive than Men: Gender and Language on Facebook.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gregory Park

    Full Text Available Using a large social media dataset and open-vocabulary methods from computational linguistics, we explored differences in language use across gender, affiliation, and assertiveness. In Study 1, we analyzed topics (groups of semantically similar words across 10 million messages from over 52,000 Facebook users. Most language differed little across gender. However, topics most associated with self-identified female participants included friends, family, and social life, whereas topics most associated with self-identified male participants included swearing, anger, discussion of objects instead of people, and the use of argumentative language. In Study 2, we plotted male- and female-linked language topics along two interpersonal dimensions prevalent in gender research: affiliation and assertiveness. In a sample of over 15,000 Facebook users, we found substantial gender differences in the use of affiliative language and slight differences in assertive language. Language used more by self-identified females was interpersonally warmer, more compassionate, polite, and-contrary to previous findings-slightly more assertive in their language use, whereas language used more by self-identified males was colder, more hostile, and impersonal. Computational linguistic analysis combined with methods to automatically label topics offer means for testing psychological theories unobtrusively at large scale.

  5. ASSERT-PV 3.2: Advanced subchannel thermalhydraulics code for CANDU fuel bundles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rao, Y.F., E-mail: raoy@aecl.ca; Cheng, Z., E-mail: chengz@aecl.ca; Waddington, G.M., E-mail: waddingg@aecl.ca; Nava-Dominguez, A., E-mail: navadoma@aecl.ca

    2014-08-15

    Highlights: • Introduction to a new version of the Canadian subchannel code, ASSERT-PV 3.2. • Enhanced models for flow-distribution, CHF and post-dryout heat transfer prediction. • Model changes focused on unique features of horizontal CANDU bundles. • Detailed description of model changes for all major thermalhydraulics models. • Discussion on rationale and limitation of the model changes. - Abstract: Atomic Energy of Canada Limited (AECL) has developed the subchannel thermalhydraulics code ASSERT-PV for the Canadian nuclear industry. The most recent release version, ASSERT-PV 3.2 has enhanced phenomenon models for improved predictions of flow distribution, dryout power and CHF location, and post-dryout (PDO) sheath temperature in horizontal CANDU fuel bundles. The focus of the improvements is mainly on modeling considerations for the unique features of CANDU bundles such as horizontal flows, small pitch to diameter ratios, high mass fluxes, and mixed and irregular subchannel geometries, compared to PWR/BWR fuel assemblies. This paper provides a general introduction to ASSERT-PV 3.2, and describes the model changes or additions in the new version to improve predictions of flow distribution, dryout power and CHF location, and PDO sheath temperatures in CANDU fuel bundles.

  6. Women are Warmer but No Less Assertive than Men: Gender and Language on Facebook

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Gregory; Schwartz, H. Andrew; Kern, Margaret L.; Eichstaedt, Johannes C.; Kosinski, Michael; Stillwell, David; Ungar, Lyle H.; Seligman, Martin E. P.

    2016-01-01

    Using a large social media dataset and open-vocabulary methods from computational linguistics, we explored differences in language use across gender, affiliation, and assertiveness. In Study 1, we analyzed topics (groups of semantically similar words) across 10 million messages from over 52,000 Facebook users. Most language differed little across gender. However, topics most associated with self-identified female participants included friends, family, and social life, whereas topics most associated with self-identified male participants included swearing, anger, discussion of objects instead of people, and the use of argumentative language. In Study 2, we plotted male- and female-linked language topics along two interpersonal dimensions prevalent in gender research: affiliation and assertiveness. In a sample of over 15,000 Facebook users, we found substantial gender differences in the use of affiliative language and slight differences in assertive language. Language used more by self-identified females was interpersonally warmer, more compassionate, polite, and—contrary to previous findings—slightly more assertive in their language use, whereas language used more by self-identified males was colder, more hostile, and impersonal. Computational linguistic analysis combined with methods to automatically label topics offer means for testing psychological theories unobtrusively at large scale. PMID:27223607

  7. 29 CFR 825.220 - Protection for employees who request leave or otherwise assert FMLA rights.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... otherwise assert FMLA rights. (a) The FMLA prohibits interference with an employee's rights under the law, and with legal proceedings or inquiries relating to an employee's rights. More specifically, the law... with” the exercise of an employee's rights would include, for example, not only refusing to...

  8. [Relationship between assertiveness including consideration for others and adjustment in children].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eguchi, Megumi; Hamaguchi, Yoshikazu

    2012-06-01

    The relationship between assertiveness and internal and external adjustment was investigated. Elementary school children in grades four to six (n=207) and their classroom teachers (n=8) participated in the study. Internal and external adjustments were measured by using self-ratings, and self- and other- ratings respectively. The children responded to a questionnaires inquiring about assertiveness that included two components of assessment: "self expression" and "consideration for others". Then, the children were divided into 4 groups according to their scores on these two components of assertiveness. The results indicated that children scoring high on both components of assertiveness had higher self-rating scores than those scoring low on both components. Moreover, children that scored high on "consideration for others" tended to have high external adjustment. Also, boys that scored low on "self expression" had lower external adjustment as indicated by the negative ratings of teachers. Furthermore, girls that scored high on "consideration for others" had high external adjustment as indicated by positive ratings of teachers and same-sexed classmates.

  9. Associations between assertiveness, psychological well-being, and self-esteem in adolescents

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sarkova, Maria; Bacikova-Sleskova, Maria; Orosova, Olga; Geckova, Andrea Madarasova; Katreniakova, Zuzana; Klein, Daniel; van den Heuvel, Wim; van Dijk, Jitse P.

    2013-01-01

    This study explored the associations between adolescents assertive behavior, psychological well-being, and self-esteem. The sample consisted of 1,023 students (14.9 +/-.51; 47.6% boys). Two dimensions of the Scale for Interpersonal Behavior (distress and performance), 2 factors of the General Health

  10. A Study of the Relationship between Assertive Parenting Styles and Career Indecision in College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cullen, Keith C.

    2013-01-01

    For a variety of reasons, higher levels of parental assertiveness have begun to impact even the basic conflicts college students encounter while in attendance. Called "helicopter parenting" within the popular press, these parents are described as involving themselves in the minutia of their child's college experience, engaging with…

  11. A QUANTIFIER-ELIMINATION BASED HEURISTIC FOR AUTOMATICALLY GENERATING INDUCTIVE ASSERTIONS FOR PROGRAMS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Deepak KAPUR

    2006-01-01

    A method using quantifier-elimination is proposed for automatically generating program invariants/inductive assertions. Given a program, inductive assertions, hypothesized as parameterized formulas in a theory, are associated with program locations. Parameters in inductive assertions are discovered by generating constraints on parameters by ensuring that an inductive assertion is indeed preserved by all execution paths leading to the associated location of the program. The method can be used to discover loop invariants-properties of variables that remain invariant at the entry of a loop. The parameterized formula can be successively refined by considering execution paths one by one; heuristics can be developed for determining the order in which the paths are considered. Initialization of program variables as well as the precondition and postcondition, if available, can also be used to further refine the hypothesized invariant. The method does not depend on the availability of the precondition and postcondition of a program. Constraints on parameters generated in this way are solved for possible values of parameters. If no solution is possible, this means that an invariant of the hypothesized form is not likely to exist for the loop under the assumptions/approximations made to generate the associated verification condition. Otherwise, if the parametric constraints are solvable, then under certain conditions on methods for generating these constraints, the strongest possible invariant of the hypothesized form can be generated from most general solutions of the parametric constraints. The approach is illustrated using the logical languages of conjunction of polynomial equations as well as Presburger arithmetic for expressing assertions.

  12. The effect of five years versus two years of specialised assertive intervention for first episode psychosis - OPUS II

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Melau, Marianne; Jeppesen, Pia; Thorup, Anne;

    2011-01-01

    . Based on our sample size estimation, 400 patients treated in OPUS for two years will be randomized to further three years of OPUS treatment versus standard treatment. The specialized assertive OPUS treatment consists of three core elements: assertive community treatment, psycho-educational family...

  13. Costs and outcome of assertive community treatment (ACT) in a rural area in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hastrup, Lene Halling; Aagaard, Jørgen

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: Health economic evidence of assertive community treatment (ACT) in Denmark is limited. The aim of the study was to assess the costs and outcome of ACT among 174 patients with severe and persistent mental illness in a rural area of Denmark. Methods: The study was based on a quasi-experime......Purpose: Health economic evidence of assertive community treatment (ACT) in Denmark is limited. The aim of the study was to assess the costs and outcome of ACT among 174 patients with severe and persistent mental illness in a rural area of Denmark. Methods: The study was based on a quasi...... in use of supportive housing make the effects of ACT on overall costs more ambiguous. At worst, however, overall costs did not increase. Given the generally acknowledged clinical benefits of ACT over standard outpatient care, the results support further dissemination of ACT in Denmark....

  14. Equivalence and standard scores of the Hurlbert Index of Sexual Assertiveness across Spanish men and women

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pablo Santos-Iglesias

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of the present study was to analyze the measurement invariance and differential item functioning of the Spanish version of the Hurlbert Index of Sexual Assertiveness across gender. The sample was composed of 1,600 women and 1,598 men from Spain, with ages ranging from 18 to 84 years old. The Hurlbert Index of Sexual Assertiveness only showed weak invariance for men and women. The differential item functioning analysis showed that only item 2 ("I feel that I am shy when it comes to sex" flagged moderate uniform differential item functioning. More specifically, women tended to respond "Always" to this item more frequently than did men. Results strongly suggested eliminating item 2, resulting in a final version with 18 items clustered into two dimensions with good reliability values for men and women. Standard scores for both Initiation and No Shyness/Refusal reflected traditional sexual scripts for men and women.

  15. Assertiveness and problem-solving training for mildly mentally retarded persons with dual diagnoses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nezu, C M; Nezu, A M; Arean, P

    1991-01-01

    This study investigated the differential effectiveness of assertiveness and problem-solving training on dually diagnosed patients' adaptive social behavior, distress and psychiatric symptoms, anger control, and problem-solving coping skills using a counterbalanced design. Assessments were conducted at pretreatment, midphase, posttreatment, and a 3-month follow-up examination. A combined assertiveness and problem-solving training package was effective for treatment of individuals with mild mental retardation with dual psychiatric diagnoses. Specifically, improvements occurred regarding both self-report measures of distress and caregiver ratings of adaptive functioning; however, no essential differences were found between these two treatment protocols. The importance of using self-regulatory models of therapy with this population is highlighted, and recommendations were made for future research.

  16. Assertive classroom management strategies and students’ performance: The case of EFL classroom

    OpenAIRE

    Mohammad Aliakbari; Bafrin Bozorgmanesh

    2015-01-01

    Ample research findings support the effective role that classroom management strategies play in enhancing students’ learning. Drawing upon Iranian high school teachers’ classroom management strategies, this article is intended to examine the extent to which these teachers follow assertive classroom management strategies and if these strategies affect students’ performance. Conducting a survey including 123 female students, it was found out that Iranian teachers apply classroom management stra...

  17. Moral Decision-Making among Assertive Community Treatment (ACT) Case Managers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lerbæk, Birgitte; Aagaard, Jørgen; Andersen, Mette Braendstrup;

    2015-01-01

    The context of care in assertive community treatment (ACT) can be precarious and generate ethical issues involving the principles of autonomy and paternalism. This focus group study examined case managers' situated accounts of moral reasoning. Our findings show how they expressed strong moral...... obligation towards helping the clients. Their moral reasoning reflected a paternalistic position where, on different occasions, the potential benefits of their interventions would be prioritised at the expense of protecting the clients' personal autonomy. The case managers' reasoning emphasised situational...

  18. Moral Decision-Making among Assertive Community Treatment (ACT) Case Managers: A Focus Group Study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lerbæk, Birgitte; Aagaard, Jørgen; Andersen, Mette;

    2015-01-01

    The context of care in assertive community treatment (ACT) can be precarious and generate ethical issues involving the principles of autonomy and paternalism. This focus group study examined case managers’ situated accounts of moral reasoning. Our findings show how they expressed strong moral...... obligation towards helping the clients. Their moral reasoning reflected a paternalistic position where, on different occasions, the potential benefits of their interventions would be prioritised at the expense of protecting the clients’ personal autonomy. The case managers’ reasoning emphasised situational...

  19. Diasporic Authenticity Assertions: Analysis of Amy Tan’s The Bonesetter’s Daughter

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Naeimeh Tabatabaei Lotfi

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available This essay is an attempt to examine the active interaction of history and memory, in formulation of a diasporic authentic picture of past, in Amy Tan’s The Bonesetter’s Daughter (2001. Amongst discursive disciplines, memory and history perform vitally, in picturing past; both attempt to reproduce events, by emblematic narrative acts. However, their erratic quality endorses the existence of counter- stories that endangers displaying a homogeneous past. Among miscellaneous categories of memories, autobiographical memory asserts to obtain an authentic presentation, but as any other forms of accounts, it exhibits an imprecise fictional image. This psychological alleviation ensures the future mental integrity of trauma victims. In memory narratives, the contingent temperament of power network and continual formulation of resisting frameworks might be explored. Tan’s diasporic assertion of authenticity, as a migrant writer, amalgamated with employment of fantasy is to obtain a shared diasporic identity, among her characters, although personal accounts of characters undergo an extensive amount of contingency. The newly forged identity is collective in nature and defies the geographical and temporal borders and grants a humane picture rather than a diasporic one; an identity that is established to venerate the cardinal role of personal memory, in endowing legitimate truth. Keywords: Amy Tan- Authenticity Assertion- Memory- History- Diasporic Narrative

  20. Chinese Assertiveness in the South China Sea and Southeast Asian Responses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlyle A. Thayer

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available This article reviews Chinese assertive behaviour towards the Philippines and Vietnam over South China Sea issues in 2011. The article compares and contrasts Chinese diplomatic behaviour in the period before and after the adoption by ASEAN member states and China of Guidelines for the Implementation the Declaration on Conduct of Parties in the South China Sea in July. In the first period China aggressively asserted its claims to sovereignty by interfering with commercial fishing and oil exploration activities of vessels operating in the Exclusive Economic Zones of Vietnam and the Philippines. Both states resisted Chinese actions. The Philippines allocated increased funding for defence modernization, lobbied ASEAN states and shored up its alliance with the United States. Vietnam too protested Chinese action and undertook symbolic steps to defend national sovereignty. In the second period all states moved to contain South China Sea tensions from affecting their larger bilateral relations. It remains to be seen, however, if proposed confidence building measures will ameliorate Chinese assertiveness.

  1. Differences in assertive speech acts produced by children with autism, Asperger syndrome, specific language impairment, and normal development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ziatas, Kathryn; Durkin, Kevin; Pratt, Chris

    2003-01-01

    The assertive speech acts of children with autism (n = 12) and Asperger syndrome (n = 12), individually matched to children with specific language impairment (SLI; n = 24) and children with normal development (n = 24) were studied in the context of gently structured conversation. These children also completed the false belief test of theory of mind. The children with autism used significantly lower proportions of assertions involving explanations and descriptions than the children with SLI or normal development and significantly lower proportions of assertions involving internal state and explanations than the children with Asperger syndrome. The children with autism used a higher proportion of assertions involving identifications than any other group. The assertions of the children with Asperger syndrome were generally not different than those of the children with SLI or normal development except for a higher proportion of assertions involving own internal state. Further analysis of the mental assertions revealed that the children with autism and Asperger syndrome predominantly referred to desire and made few references to thought and belief, whereas the children with SLI and those with normal development used a higher proportion of references to thought and belief.

  2. "Sometimes What They Think is Helpful is Not Really Helpful": Understanding Engagement in the Program of Assertive Community Treatment (PACT).

    Science.gov (United States)

    George, Miriam; Manuel, Jennifer I; Gandy-Guedes, Megan E; McCray, Shenee; Negatu, Dina

    2016-11-01

    This exploratory study recruited a purposive sample of twelve clinical staff from a Program of Assertive Community Treatment (PACT) team in central Virginia to understand the perceptions and experiences related to assertive engagement. The researchers coded the transcribed data initially as twenty-three sub-themes and further refined the data into four overarching themes: characteristics of assertive engagement, PACT engagement strategies and engagement strategies for difficult to engage clients. Further analysis emphasized that PACT team members emphasized the importance of the therapeutic relationship for engagement, which proves challenging for hard-to-engage clients.

  3. Perceptions of coercion in the community: a qualitative study of patients in a Danish assertive community treatment team

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thøgersen, Marie Høgh; Morthorst, Britt; Nordentoft, Merete

    2010-01-01

    Assertive community treatment (ACT) has been claimed to be paternalistic and coercive, yet little is known about how patients experience the assertive aspects of ACT. To explore views on--and perceptions of--coercion of patients in Danish assertive community teams. In-depth interviews were...... central to perceptions of coercion. A collaborative and mutually trusting relationship, commitment, persistence and availability of staff, and recognition of the need for social support and help with everyday activities, were most important for counteracting such experiences. Perceptions of coercion were...

  4. Perceptions of coercion in the community: a qualitative study of patients in a Danish assertive community treatment team

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thøgersen, Marie Høgh; Morthorst, Britt; Nordentoft, Merete

    2010-01-01

    Assertive community treatment (ACT) has been claimed to be paternalistic and coercive, yet little is known about how patients experience the assertive aspects of ACT. To explore views on--and perceptions of--coercion of patients in Danish assertive community teams. In-depth interviews were...... not emphasised in patients' account of their engagement with ACT, and generally only related to patients' initial contact with ACT staff. The study suggests that developing mental health practices that enhance the formation of a therapeutic relationship with patients will minimize circumstances that induce...

  5. Analysis on the Level of Assertiveness of the Athletes Took Part in Eliminations for Adults Taekwondo National Team

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Taner YILMAZ

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Several elements may affect assertiveness. Woman's traditional sister or caretaker role causes her sometimes to become aggressive by behaving in a stiff, authoritarian way and sometimes passive. The aim of this study is to research the level of as sertiveness of the athletes took part in the Turkey Taekwondo National Team eliminations in 2014. 106 males at the average age of 21, 12 and 56 females at the average age of 20,39 took part in the research. RAE (Rathus Assertiveness Schedule developed by Rathus in 1977 and adapted to Turkish by Nilüfer Voltan Acar (1980 was used to determine the level of assertiveness. In conclusion, no significant difference was found between males and females in terms of assertiveness level scores.

  6. Psychosocial child adjustment and family functioning in families reached with an assertive outreach intervention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rots-de Vries, Carin; van de Goor, Ien; Stronks, Karien; Garretsen, Henk

    2011-06-01

    Families who experience a chronic complex of socio-economic and psychosocial problems are hard to reach with mainstream care. Evidence exists that the core of this problem is a problematic interaction between this type of family and current systems of care and services. To improve access to problem families, an assertive outreach intervention was implemented into the field of preventive child health care, The Netherlands. The study aimed to provide a more detailed insight into characteristics of the target group. Although there is consensus about some general features of hard to reach problem families, little is known about their specific characteristics because empirical studies among this group are rarely conducted. Especially, the problems of the children is shed insufficient light on. The studied population consisted of families included in the assertive outreach intervention delivered during one year (N=116). To assess psychosocial adjustment of the children, the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire was filled in by the parents. Furthermore, a Dutch questionnaire on family functioning was completed by professional carers. Descriptive data were calculated. The findings show that by using the assertive outreach intervention, programme staff came into contact with families characterised by a considerably higher than average proportion of single parents and unemployed households receiving social benefits. The families faced a high level of risk and a wide range of severe and multiple difficulties, including a lack of basic child care, an inadequate social network and poor parenting. Children in these families were also facing a number of risks. The proportion of psychosocial problems was well above the (inter)national average. The findings reveal the problem areas of unreached families and a need to improve the access to care for these families.

  7. A review of assertions about the processes and outcomes of social learning in natural resource management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cundill, G; Rodela, R

    2012-12-30

    Social learning has become a central theme in natural resource management. This growing interest is underpinned by a number of assertions about the outcomes of social learning, and about the processes that support these outcomes. Yet researchers and practitioners who seek to engage with social learning through the natural resource management literature often become disorientated by the myriad processes and outcomes that are identified. We trace the roots of current assertions about the processes and outcomes of social learning in natural resource management, and assess the extent to which there is an emerging consensus on these assertions. Results suggest that, on the one hand, social learning is described as taking place through deliberative interactions amongst multiple stakeholders. During these interactions, it is argued that participants learn to work together and build relationships that allow for collective action. On the other hand, social learning is described as occurring through deliberate experimentation and reflective practice. During these iterative cycles of action, monitoring and reflection, participants learn how to cope with uncertainty when managing complex systems. Both of these processes, and their associated outcomes, are referred to as social learning. Where, therefore, should researchers and practitioners focus their attention? Results suggest that there is an emerging consensus that processes that support social learning involve sustained interaction between stakeholders, on-going deliberation and the sharing of knowledge in a trusting environment. There is also an emerging consensus that the key outcome of such learning is improved decision making underpinned by a growing awareness of human-environment interactions, better relationships and improved problem-solving capacities for participants.

  8. Improving Employment Outcomes in Assertive Community Treatment (ACT): The Role of the ACT Nurse.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waynor, William R; Dolce, Joni N

    2015-07-01

    Assertive community treatment (ACT) for individuals with serious mental illness is a community-based mental health service model where nurses play a significant leadership role as health and wellness educators and consultants to consumers and fellow staff members. The ACT model was designed to include a vocational focus as an important aspect of community integration. Nevertheless, research suggests that ACT does not assist a significant number of consumers in achieving employment goals. Nurses can play a critical part in the recovery and wellness of individuals receiving ACT services. Individual placement and support principles provide a foundation for implementing employment into current services.

  9. Staff Turnover in Assertive Community Treatment (Act) Teams: The Role of Team Climate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, Xi; Wholey, Douglas R; Cain, Cindy; Natafgi, Nabil

    2017-03-01

    Staff turnover in Assertive Community Treatment (ACT) teams can result in interrupted services and diminished support for clients. This paper examines the effect of team climate, defined as team members' shared perceptions of their work environment, on turnover and individual outcomes that mediate the climate-turnover relationship. We focus on two climate dimensions: safety and quality climate and constructive conflict climate. Using survey data collected from 26 ACT teams, our analyses highlight the importance of safety and quality climate in reducing turnover, and job satisfaction as the main mediator linking team climate to turnover. The findings offer practical implications for team management.

  10. The Investigation of relation between elementary school second grade students’ self-esteem, different skills and assertiveness levels

    OpenAIRE

    Hakan Sarıçam; Elifcan Yılmaz; Arzu Gülbahçe; Öner Gülbahçe; Mehmet Çardak

    2013-01-01

    This study aims to examine the relation among the self esteem, different abilility levels and assertiveness levels of second grade primary education. An investigation has been done on over 180 students, chosen randomly, from the primary education schools of Erzurum MEB in accordance with the purpose of this study. Information Form, Rosenberg Self-Esteem Inventory, Basic Aptitude Test 6-8 and Rathus Assertiveness Inventory were used. SPSS 15.0/WINDOWS programme was used for data analysis. ‘t ...

  11. Promoting African American women and sexual assertiveness in reducing HIV/AIDS: an analytical review of the research literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kennedy, Bernice Roberts; Jenkins, Chalice C

    2011-01-01

    African American women, including adolescents and adults, are disproportionately affected by the transmission of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS). HIV/AID is a health disparity issue for African American females in comparison to other ethnic groups. According to data acquired from 33 states in 2005, 64% of women who have HIV/ AIDS are African American women. It is estimated that during 2001-2004, 61% of African Americans under the age of 25 had been living with HIV/AIDS. This article is an analytical review of the literature emphasizing sexual assertiveness of African American women and the gap that exists in research literature on this population. The multifaceted model of HIV risk posits that an interpersonal predictor of risky sexual behavior is sexual assertiveness. The critical themes extracted from a review of the literature reveal the following: (a) sexual assertiveness is related to HIV risk in women, (b) sexual assertiveness and sexual communication are related, and (c) women with low sexual assertiveness are at increased risk of HIV As a result of this comprehensive literature, future research studies need to use models in validating sexual assertiveness interventions in reducing the risk of HIV/AIDS in African American women. HIV/AIDs prevention interventions or future studies need to target reducing the risk factors of HIV/AIDS of African Americans focusing on gender and culture-specific strategies.

  12. Alexithymia, Assertiveness and Psychosocial Functioning in HIV: Implications for Medication Adherence and Disease Severity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McIntosh, Roger C; Ironson, Gail; Antoni, Michael; Fletcher, Mary Ann; Schneiderman, Neil

    2016-02-01

    Psychosocial function and adherence to antiretroviral regimen are key factors in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disease management. Alexithymia (AL) is a trait deficit in the ability to identify and describe feelings, emotions and bodily sensations. A structural equation model was used to test whether high levels of AL indirectly relate to greater non-adherent behavior and HIV disease severity via psychosocial dysfunction. Blood draws for HIV-1 viral load and CD4 T-lymphocyte, along with psychosocial surveys were collected from 439 HIV positive adults aged 18-73 years. The structural model supports significant paths from: (1) AL to non-active patient involvement, psychological distress, and lower social support, (2) psychological distress and non-active involvement to non-adherent behavior, and (3) non-adherence to greater HIV disease severity (CFI = .97, RMSEA = .04, SRMR = .05). A second model confirmed the intermediary effect of greater patient assertiveness on the path from AL to social support and non-active patient involvement (CFI = .94, RMSEA = .04, SRMR = .05). Altogether, AL is indirectly linked with HIV disease management through it's association with poor psychosocial function, however greater patient assertiveness buffers the negative impact of AL on relationship quality with healthcare providers and members of one's social support network.

  13. Personality and facial morphology: Links to assertiveness and neuroticism in capuchins (Sapajus [Cebus] apella).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, V; Lefevre, C E; Morton, F B; Brosnan, S F; Paukner, A; Bates, T C

    2014-02-01

    Personality has important links to health, social status, and life history outcomes (e.g. longevity and reproductive success). Human facial morphology appears to signal aspects of one's personality to others, raising questions about the evolutionary origins of such associations (e.g. signals of mate quality). Studies in non-human primates may help to achieve this goal: for instance, facial width-to-height ratio (fWHR) in the male face has been associated with dominance not only in humans but also in capuchin monkeys. Here we test the association of personality (assertiveness, openness, attentiveness, neuroticism, and sociability) with fWHR, face width/lower-face height, and lower face/face height ratio in 64 capuchins (Sapajus apella). In a structural model of personality and facial metrics, fWHR was associated with assertiveness, while lower face/face height ratio was associated with neuroticism (erratic vs. stable behaviour) and attentiveness (helpfulness vs. distractibility). Facial morphology thus appears to associate with three personality domains, which may act as a signal of status in capuchins.

  14. Barcroft's bold assertion: All dwellers at high altitudes are persons of impaired physical and mental powers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    West, John B

    2016-03-01

    Barcroft's bold assertion that everyone at high altitude has physical and mental impairment compared with sea level was very provocative. It was a result of the expedition that he led to Cerro de Pasco in Peru, altitude 4300 m. Although it is clear that newcomers to high altitude have reduced physical powers, some people believe that this does not apply to permanent residents who have been at high altitude for generations. The best evidence supports Barcroft's contention, although permanent residents often perform better than acclimatized lowlanders. Turning to neuropsychological function, newcomers to high altitude certainly have some impairment, and there is evidence that the same applies to highlanders. However the notion that permanent residents are impaired is anathema to many people. For example the eminent Peruvian physician Carlos Monge took great exception to Barcroft's remark and even attributed it to the fact that Barcroft was suffering from acute mountain sickness when he made it! Monge referred to 'climatic aggression', by which he meant the negative consequences of the inevitable hypoxia of high altitude. Recent technological advances such as oxygen enrichment of room air can overcome this 'aggression'. This might be useful in some settings at high altitude such as a nursery where newborn babies are cared for, and possibly operating rooms where the surgeon's dexterity may be enhanced. Other situations might be dormitories, conference rooms, and perhaps some school rooms. These constitute possible ways by which the effects of Barcroft's assertion might be countered.

  15. SystemVerilog assertions and functional coverage guide to language, methodology and applications

    CERN Document Server

    Mehta, Ashok B

    2016-01-01

    This book provides a hands-on, application-oriented guide to the language and methodology of both SystemVerilog Assertions and SystemVerilog Functional Coverage. Readers will benefit from the step-by-step approach to functional hardware verification using SystemVerilog Assertions and Functional Coverage, which will enable them to uncover hidden and hard to find bugs, point directly to the source of the bug, provide for a clean and easy way to model complex timing checks and objectively answer the question ‘have we functionally verified everything’. Written by a professional end-user of ASIC/SoC/CPU and FPGA design and Verification, this book explains each concept with easy to understand examples, simulation logs and applications derived from real projects. Readers will be empowered to tackle the modeling of complex checkers for functional verification, thereby drastically reducing their time to design and debug. This updated second edition addresses the latest functional set released in IEEE-1800 (2012) L...

  16. Assertive Communication and Teamwork: Results of an Intervention Program to the Supervisors of a Company

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jesús H. Montes de Oca

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available The study aimed to determine the effect of the implementation of the program "Manage your Talent" in competence assertive communication skills and teamwork. A quasi-experimental research design was used with pre-test - intervention - post-test with control group. The sample included 28 supervisors of a private company, 13 in the experimental group and 15 in the control group. A type of purposive sample was used. The results suggest a positive impact of the program to significantly increase competition achievement assertive communication (U = 3.5, Z = 4.58, *** P <.000, just as in effective dialogue dimensions (U = 8.0, feedback (U = 10.0, conflict resolution (U= 7.0 and non-verbal communication (U = 4.0, the skills of this competence in the highest increase was recorded were effective dialogue and nonverbal communication. In the other, the increase was lower. Regarding competition teamwork (U = 0.00, Z = 4.837, *** P <.000, just as in the dimensions (U = 9.0, Goal Achievement (U = 15.0, democratic environment (U= 12.0 and decision making (U = 7.0. The skills of this competence in the highest increase was recorded were the subject property, democratic environment and goal achievement. Minor increase in decision-making for managing consensus.

  17. Einstein's Equations for Spin $2$ Mass $0$ from Noether's Converse Hilbertian Assertion

    CERN Document Server

    Pitts, J Brian

    2016-01-01

    An overlap between the general relativist and particle physicist views of Einstein gravity is uncovered. Noether's 1918 paper developed Hilbert's and Klein's reflections on the conservation laws. Energy-momentum is just a term proportional to the field equations and a 'curl' term with identically zero divergence. Noether proved a \\emph{converse} "Hilbertian assertion": such "improper" conservation laws imply a generally covariant action. Later and independently, particle physicists derived the nonlinear Einstein equations assuming the absence of negative-energy degrees of freedom ("ghosts") for stability, along with universal coupling: all energy-momentum including gravity's serves as a source for gravity. Those assumptions (all but) imply (for 0 graviton mass) that the energy-momentum is only a term proportional to the field equations and a symmetric "curl," which implies the coalescence of the flat background geometry and the gravitational potential into an effective curved geometry. The flat metric, though...

  18. Lamb Buddha’s Migrant Workers: Self-Assertion on China’s Urban Fringe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael Brian Griffiths

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents an analysis of the everyday practices of individuality among the migrant workers with whom I worked at “Lamb Buddha”, a hotpot restaurant in Anshan City, Liaoning Province, during the summer of 2007. The majority of the data comes from four young men, meaning that the analysis complements extant studies of Chinese female migrant workers by allowing male-gendered inflections of discourse prominence. The paper examines the internal structure of “symbolic boundaries” drawn and managed in judgements, positioning statements, and so forth, attempting to regress the modalities by which these migrants assert themselves, thus showing how individuality arises from a discursive environment structured by relation to similar peers and distinctly different others.

  19. Assertive Community Treatment For People With Alcohol Dependence: A Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gilburt, Helen; Burns, Tom; Copello, Alex; Crawford, Michael; Day, Ed; Deluca, Paolo; Godfrey, Christine; Parrott, Steve; Rose, Abigail; Sinclair, Julia; Coulton, Simon

    2017-01-01

    Abstract Aims A pilot randomized controlled trial (RCT) to assess the feasibility and potential efficacy of assertive community treatment (ACT) in adults with alcohol dependence. Methods Single blind, individually randomized, pilot RCT of 12 months of ACT plus treatment as usual (TAU) versus TAU alone in adults (age 18+ years) with alcohol dependence and a history of previous unsuccessful alcohol treatment attending specialist community alcohol treatment services. ACT aimed to actively engage participants for 12 months with assertive, regular, minimum weekly contact. ACT was combined with TAU. TAU comprised access to the full range of services provided by the community teams. Primary outcome is mean drinks per drinking day and percent days abstinent at 12 months follow up. Analysis of covariance was conducted using 80% confidence intervals, appropriate in the context of a pilot trial. Results A total of 94 participants were randomized, 45 in ACT and 49 in TAU. Follow-up was achieved with 98 and 88%, respectively at 12 months. Those in ACT had better treatment engagement, and were more often seen in their homes or local community than TAU participants. At 12 months the ACT group had more problems related to drinking and lower quality of life than TAU but no differences in drinking measures. The ACT group had a higher percentage of days abstinent but lower quality of life at 6 months. The ACT group had less unplanned healthcare use than TAU. Conclusions An trial of ACT was feasible to implement in an alcohol dependent treatment population. Trial registration ISRCTN22775534 PMID:27940571

  20. Striking back: A case study in addressing a skeptic's public assertions about sea ice data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meier, W. N.; Renfrow, S.; Serreze, M.

    2008-12-01

    The increasing visibility of climate change science-in international reports like the IPCC's, in day-to-day discussion on blogs like RealClimate.org, and in coverage by the mass media-has brought more exposure to the science behind the consensus. Some skeptics have become increasingly savvy about the availability of scientific information from public institutions like the National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC). What happens when a smart but nonscientific skeptic skims scientific data and publishes his findings online, confusing the public and adding to the false "debate"? We present a case study of just such a scenario, which took place during the Arctic sea ice melt season in 2008. A skeptic discovered that NSIDC and the University of Illinois both offer near-real-time images showing sea ice conditions; to him, the images did not tell the same story. He thought he saw proof that NSIDC was tampering with the data to tell a false story of sea ice decline and climate change, and he took no time in publicizing his assertions online in a popular information technology magazine. What the skeptic in question didn't realize is the complexity of how science works. Hundreds of scientists at different institutions around the world may study the same data. With different processing, scientists may report different results. These differences are usually small, with trends and major findings generally in agreement and the kinks worked out through publication in peer-reviewed journals. But to the non-scientist, and especially to the skeptic, this "disagreement" may be a source of doubt and confusion about climate change. Our role in communicating and protecting the process of real science threatened to expand. Should we go with our first instinct and ignore his assertions as scientifically invalid, hunkering down in our traditional scientific role? Or further expose ourselves by contacting the author and attempting an exchange? In this presentation, we'll take you from our

  1. Self-Consciousness and Assertiveness as Explanatory Variables of L2 Oral Ability: A Latent Variable Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ockey, Gary

    2011-01-01

    Drawing on current theories in personality, second-language (L2) oral ability, and psychometrics, this study investigates the extent to which self-consciousness and assertiveness are explanatory variables of L2 oral ability. Three hundred sixty first-year Japanese university students who were studying English as a foreign language participated in…

  2. Run-Time Assertion Checking of Data- and Protocol-Oriented Properties of Java Programs: An Industrial Case Study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gouw, C.P.T. de; Boer, F.S. de; Johnsen, E.B.; Kohn, A.; Wong, P.Y.H.

    2014-01-01

    Run-time assertion checking is one of the useful techniques for detecting faults, and can be applied during any program execution context, including debugging, testing, and production. In general, however, it is limited to checking state-based properties. We introduce SAGA, a general framework that

  3. An Exploratory Study of Assertive Community Treatment for People with Intellectual Disability and Psychiatric Disorders: Conceptual, Clinical, and Service Issues

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, G.; Costello, H.; Leese, M.; Slade, M.; Bouras, N.; Higgins, S.; Holt, G.

    2005-01-01

    Assertive community treatment (ACT) has been applied to a number of disorders in the adult population, such as schizophrenia, with some degree of success; its use in the treatment of people with intellectual disability (ID) and mental illness has received little attention. Despite the high costs of ID in health and social care, there has been very…

  4. Self-Assertion in the Public Sphere: The Jewish Press on the Eve of Legal Emancipation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dieter J. Hecht

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Jews like Adolf Fischhof and Ludwig August Frankl were prominent participants in the revolution of 1848. Their speeches, poems, and portraits circulated in Vienna and throughout the Empire. With the suppression of the revolution, most of these prominent Jews had to either leave Vienna or retreat to the private sphere. Only in the late 1850s did Jews regain their public presence, starting with the opening of the Leopoldstaedter Tempel in 1858 and the building of the Ringstrasse from 1860 onwards. Many Jews hoped that the new liberal era would grant them civil rights and legal emancipation. Jewish intellectuals and journalists supported this struggle from within and outside the growing Jewish community. An important weapon in their struggle were Jewish newspapers. These newspapers not only provided information, but also served as mouthpieces for different Jewish movements. They featured biographies with portraits (in words and images of distinguished Jewish leaders (mostly men and a few women, which were supposed to present the social achievements of a certain group within Jewish society to a broader audience. In fact, these portraits served as a form of self-assertion for the publisher as well as for the audience. It projected the message that Jews not only merited emancipation, but also struggled for it on various levels. The paper therefore addresses questions of biography and the (Jewish identity these portraits at once reflected and shaped.

  5. Sequence Learning Under Uncertainty in Children: Self-reflection vs. Self-Assertion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christiane eLange-Küttner

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available We know that stochastic feedback impairs children’s associative stimulus-response (S-R learning (Crone, Jennigs, & Van der Molen, 2004a; Eppinger, Mock, & Kray, 2009, but the impact of stochastic feedback on sequence learning that involves deductive reasoning has not been not tested so far. In the current study, 8- to 11-year-old children (N = 171 learned a sequence of four left and right button presses, LLRR, RRLL, LRLR, RLRL, LRRL and RLLR, that needed to be deduced from feedback because no directional cues were given. One group of children experienced consistent feedback only (deterministic feedback, 100% correct. In this condition, green feedback on the screen indicated that the children had been right when they were right, and red feedback indicated that the children had been wrong when they were wrong. Another group of children experienced inconsistent feedback (stochastic feedback, 85% correct, 15% false, where in some trials, green feedback on the screen could signal that children were right when in fact they were wrong, and red feedback could indicate that they were wrong when in fact they had been right. Independently of age, children’s sequence learning in the stochastic condition was initially much lower than in the deterministic condition, but increased gradually and improved with practice. Responses towards positive vs. negative feedback varied with age. Children were increasingly able to understand that they could have been wrong when feedback indicated they were right (self-reflection, but they remained unable to understand that they could have been right when feedback indicated they were wrong (self-assertion.

  6. [The relationship between four components of assertiveness and interpersonal behaviors, interpersonal adjustment in high school students' friendship].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watanabe, Asami

    2010-04-01

    This study examines the relationship between four components of assertiveness ("open expression", "control of emotion", "consideration for others" and "self-direction") and interpersonal behaviors on friends, interpersonal stress events, social anxiety. A questionnaire which included scales to measure the four components of assertiveness, activities with friend, considerate behavior for friends, interpersonal stress events and social anxiety was completed by 177 high school students. The results showed that "self-direction" had curvilinear relations with considerate behavior for friends, interpersonal stress events. An excessively high score for "self-direction" was associated with fewer considerate behavior and interpersonal stress events. An optimum score for "self-direction" was associated with more considerate behavior and interpersonal stress events.

  7. The Investigation of relation between elementary school second grade students’ self-esteem, different skills and assertiveness levels

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hakan Sarıçam

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to examine the relation among the self esteem, different abilility levels and assertiveness levels of second grade primary education. An investigation has been done on over 180 students, chosen randomly, from the primary education schools of Erzurum MEB in accordance with the purpose of this study. Information Form, Rosenberg Self-Esteem Inventory, Basic Aptitude Test 6-8 and Rathus Assertiveness Inventory were used. SPSS 15.0/WINDOWS programme was used for data analysis. ‘t test’ was used for determine the difference among the groups and ‘Pearson Moment Correlation Analysis’ was used for determine correlation among variables. In this study different abilities were examined in the subhead of Language ability, The Ability of Reasoning, Numerical Ability, and General Ability. It was found in this study that there is a meaningful relation between Sef-Esttem and Language ability, The Ability of Reasoning, Numerical Ability, General Ability, Assertiveness. In the view of the preceding findings, and in the scope of academic success this study is discussed and leads other investigations and applications.

  8. Improving the Physical Health Monitoring of City & Hackney Assertive Outreach Service Patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akyuz, Elvan; Jain, Amit; Phelan, Declan; Gupta, Susham

    2016-01-01

    Improving physical healthcare to reduce premature mortality in people with SMI (Serious Mental Illness) is a priority for ELFT (East London NHS Foundation Trust) and NHS England. It is well know that people with schizophrenia have a life expectancy which is approximately 20% shorter than that of the general population and a substantial mortality difference exists between people with schizophrenia and the general community.[1-2] Among other risk factors, such as poor diet, physical inactivity, and high rates of smoking, the iatrogenic effects of anti-psychotic medications have been found to increase the risk of metabolic syndrome. This can easily be detected through regular monitoring. Through this project, it was our aim to improve the physical health monitoring of City & Hackney Assertive Outreach Service (AOS) patients with a view to decrease mortality rate, increase life expectancy, increase the quality of life, and reduce harm from medication. This was done using quality improvement methods, including several change ideas, each of which started sequentially over the course of a nine month period from November 2014. Following QI methodology, this utilised cycles of iterative learning using PDSA methods and was supported by the Trust's extensive programme of quality improvement, including training provided by the Institute for Healthcare Improvement. The project involved setting a specific aim which was improving the physical health monitoring of AOS patients to 80% by July 2015 and for our patients to have physical health checks (blood tests, weight, ECG, BP) as a minimum annually. From baseline measurements of between 50-75%, we reached our target of 80% for weight, BP and blood tests monitoring, with 89%, 91%, and 84% achieved respectively by July 2015. Further progress still needs to be made on ECGs, with 77% achieved by July 2015, although the monitoring of ECG nearly doubled from 39% in November 2014 to 77% in July 2015. This project demonstrated that

  9. The Effectiveness of Social Skills Training by Cognitive-Behavioral Group in the Increase of Girls’ Self-Esteem and Assertiveness with Addicted Parents

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maryam Esmaeili

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Objective: The aim of the study was the survey of social skills training by cognitive behavioral group in the increase of girls’ self-esteem and assertiveness with addicted parents in Isfahan. Method: 20 students with addicted parents who had the lowest rate of assertiveness were selected by semi-experimental method in third to fifth grades. Randomly research projects pre-test-post-test control group. Questionnaire to measure assertiveness and assertiveness Gmbryl and Richie Esteem Questionnaire to measure students' self-esteem was used. After the pre-test training program assertiveness over 10 weeks, each week, one session, lasting from one hour and half and at the end of the test was performed after 40 days in both groups re-testing were results using software spss case were analyzed by descriptive statistical methods and two-factor analysis of variance with repeated measures on one factor was used. Results: The results showed that participants in the program and self-assertiveness therapy increased. These results were confirmed in a follow up phase. Conclusion: the training of social skills speeds up assertiveness and self-esteem of students.

  10. Relaciones interpersonales adecuadas mediante una comunicación y conducta asertivas / Adequate human relationships through an assertive conducts and communication

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Naranjo Pereira, María Luisa

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available Resumen: Este artículo trata sobre la comunicación y la conducta asertivas como habilidades sociales, las cuales pueden ser desarrolladas y, de esta forma, mejorar el desempeño en las relaciones interpersonales. Se presentan diversas concepciones teóricas acerca de la asertividad, entendida básicamente como autoafirmación personal, la capacidad de respetar los derechos propios y los ajenos, y poder expresar de manera apropiada los sentimientos y pensamientos sin producir angustia o agresividad. Se estudian las características principales que definen y distinguen los comportamientos asertivos de aquellos que no lo son. Se analizan algunos de los principales estilos empleados por las personas para enfrentar las distintas situaciones de la vida, entre ellos el agresivo, el manipulador, el pasivo y el asertivo. Asimismo, se analiza la vinculación existente entre las dificultades que muestran algunas personas para comunicarse efectivamente y manifestar una conducta adecuada, y los problemas en la autoimagen y la autoestima de estas. Se comentan diversas creencias, pensamientos, derechos y principios asociados con las conductas asertivas y no asertivas. Finalmente, se hace referencia al campo educativo y la relación entre asertividad y adolescencia.Abstract:This paper deals with the assertive conducts and communication as social skills, so it is possible to develop and improve the performance in human relationships. There are many theoretical conceptions about assertively; it can be understood basically as the ability to express thoughts and feelings keeping the aggression and the anguish out. The main characteristic that defines the assertive and non-assertive behaviors are analyzed.Some of the main styles that the people uses to approach life such as the aggressive, the passive, the manipulative and the assertive, are studied. It also analyzes some of the challenges for the use of assertive conducts and communication and those are related

  11. Mothers' power assertion; children's negative, adversarial orientation; and future behavior problems in low-income families: early maternal responsiveness as a moderator of the developmental cascade.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Sanghag; Kochanska, Grazyna

    2015-02-01

    Parental power assertion, a key dimension of family environment, generally sets in motion detrimental developmental cascades; however, evidence suggests that other qualities of parenting, such as responsiveness, can significantly moderate those processes. Mechanisms that account for such moderating effects are not fully understood. We propose a conceptual model of processes linking parental power assertion, parental responsiveness, children's negative, adversarial, rejecting orientation toward the parent, and behavior problems. We test that model in a short-term longitudinal design involving 186 low-income, ethnically diverse mothers and their toddlers. When children were 30 months, the dyads were observed in multiple, lengthy, naturalistic laboratory interactions to assess behaviorally mothers' responsiveness and their power-assertive control style. At 33 months, we observed behavioral indicators of children's negative, adversarial, rejecting orientation toward the mothers in several naturalistic and standardized paradigms. At 40 months, mothers rated children's behavior problems. The proposed moderated mediation sequence, tested using a new approach, PROCESS (Hayes, 2013), was supported. The indirect effect from maternal power assertion to children's negative, adversarial orientation to future behavior problems was present when mothers' responsiveness was either low or average but absent when mothers were highly responsive. This study elucidates a potential process that may link parental power assertion with behavior problems and highlights how positive aspects of parenting can moderate this process and defuse maladaptive developmental cascades. It also suggests possible targets for parenting intervention and prevention efforts.

  12. Targeting Interventions: Moderators of the Effects of Expressive Writing and Assertiveness Training on the Adjustment of International University Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hijazi, Alaa M; Tavakoli, Shedeh; Slavin-Spenny, Olga M; Lumley, Mark A

    2011-06-01

    Acculturative stress is a common experience for international students and is associated with psychological and physical problems. In a previous study, the authors reported that two stress reduction interventions-expressive writing (EW) and assertiveness training (AT)-had limited overall benefits among international students at an American University. The current analyses of data from that study investigated whether individual differences moderated the effects of EW and AT. Results indicate that greater acculturative stress at baseline predicted greater improvement from both interventions, compared with control. Women benefited more from AT than EW, except that EW improved women's physical symptoms. Men benefited more from EW than AT. Students with limited emotional awareness and expression tended to benefit from both interventions, relative to control. Finally, nation of origin cultural differences generally did not predict outcomes. It is concluded that the benefits of EW and AT and can be enhanced by targeting these interventions to specific subgroups of international students.

  13. Negotiating gender roles: gender differences in assertive negotiating are mediated by women's fear of backlash and attenuated when negotiating on behalf of others.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amanatullah, Emily T; Morris, Michael W

    2010-02-01

    The authors propose that gender differences in negotiations reflect women's contextually contingent impression management strategies. They argue that the same behavior, bargaining assertively, is construed as congruent with female gender roles in some contexts yet incongruent in other contexts. Further, women take this contextual variation into account, adjusting their bargaining behavior to manage social impressions. A particularly important contextual variable is advocacy-whether bargaining on one's own behalf versus on another's behalf. In self-advocacy contexts, women anticipate that assertiveness will evoke incongruity evaluations, negative attributions, and subsequent "backlash"; hence, women hedge their assertiveness, using fewer competing tactics and obtaining lower outcomes. However, in other-advocacy contexts, women achieve better outcomes as they do not expect incongruity evaluations or engage in hedging. In a controlled laboratory experiment, the authors found that gender interacts with advocacy context in this way to determine negotiation style and outcomes. Additionally, process measures of anticipated attributions and backlash statistically mediated this interaction effect.

  14. Is Parent Disciplinary Behavior Enduring or Situational? A Multilevel Modeling Investigation of Individual and Contextual Influences on Power Assertive and Inductive Reasoning Behaviors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Critchley, Christine R.; Sanson, Ann V.

    2006-01-01

    This research examined individual difference and contextual effects on the disciplinary behavior of a representative sample of 296 parents. Both the use of power assertion and inductive reasoning were found to be higher when the child's behavior violated a moral compared to a conventional principle, and in response to deliberate versus accidental…

  15. Improving the Confidence of Pre-Adolescent Girls by Focusing on the Development of Positive Self-Esteem, Body Image, and Assertiveness Skills.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Combes, Alice S.

    This practicum was designed to focus on: (1) the improvement of the confidence of pre-adolescent girls; (2) the establishment of a positive body image; and (3) the strengthening of assertiveness skills. The writer worked in a group of 20 girls over a period of 8 months using exercises designed to facilitate their growth. A curriculum was developed…

  16. A Closer Look at Social Skills and School Performance: Students' Peer Relations Skills and Assertion Skills as Predictors for Their Written and Oral Performances

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jurkowski, Susanne; Hänze, Martin

    2017-01-01

    Students' individual learning is supposed to be based on cognitive and social processes. Therefore, students' social skills are assumed to play an important role for school performance. This study set out to investigate the links between students' peer relations skills and assertion skills and their grades for written performances and oral…

  17. Assessing the Effects of a "Personal Effectiveness" Training on Psychological Capital, Assertiveness and Self-Awareness Using Self-Other Agreement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Demerouti, Evangelia; van Eeuwijk, Erik; Snelder, Margriet; Wild, Ulrike

    2011-01-01

    Purpose: This study seeks to examine the effects of a "personal effectiveness" training on both assertiveness and Psychological Capital (PsyCap) that were monitored before and after the training. Design/methodology/approach: In addition to self-ratings, other-ratings were assembled to explore two ways in which they can contribute to the…

  18. On the social-communicative function of justice: the influence of communication goals and personal involvement on the use of justice assertions

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wijn, R.; Bos, K. van den

    2010-01-01

    This article reveals how people strategically use justice assertions when attempting to persuade others. In three studies participants communicated about a negative situation they or someone else had experienced and did so in a persuasive manner (Studies 1-3), an accurate manner (Study 1), by asking

  19. The Scale for Interpersonal Behaviour and the Wolpe-Lazarus Assertiveness Scale : a correlational comparison in a non-clinical sample

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Arrindell, W A; Sanderman, R.; Ranchor, A.

    1990-01-01

    Despite an explosive proliferation af assertion measures, a hiatus has been observed by several authors to establish the psychometric adequacy of existing intstruments. In order to expand the construct validity of the Scale for Interpersonal Behaviour (SIB) further, its (sub)scale components of dist

  20. The role of a clinical director in developing an innovative assertive community treatment team targeting ethno-racial minority patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Law, Samuel

    2007-09-01

    Assertive Community Treatment (ACT) is a well established, evidence-based approach for delivering psychiatric care to clients with severe and persistent mental illness (SPMI). Research shows that special populations such as refugees, recent immigrants, and persons from ethnic minorities with cultural and language barriers are among the hardest to serve and one of the most underserved groups of mental health patients. Focusing on examples of the Clinical Directors' three main task domains, this paper discusses the unique role of the Clinical Director in developing an ACT team that specifically serves ethno-racial minority patients. A program evaluation process to validate the effectiveness of the team illustrates the administrative role; a strategy to incorporate the culturally sensitive and competent "illness narrative" model in all clinical encounters of the team illustrates the direct service role; and clinical programming and research addressing the unique family psychoeducation and other needs of this special client population illustrates the clinical collaboration role. The role of the Clinical Director on this special ACT team fits well with that of a program level Clinical Director as described in literature. The role demands specialized clinical, administrative, advocacy, and evaluative skills emphasized in programs such as the Columbia University Public Psychiatry Fellowship.

  1. Development of a Medication Monitoring System for an Integrated Multidisciplinary Program of Assertive Community Treatment (IMPACT Team

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicole B. Washington, DO, Assistant Professor

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: The primary goal was to improve medication management oversight for a severely mentally ill (SMI community-based population by developing a medication monitoring system based on current guidelines to optimize pharmacotherapy and minimize potential medication-related adverse effects. The secondary goal was improvement in coordination of care between healthcare providers. Methods: Guidelines for medication used for psychiatric indications were reviewed. A database of medication for psychiatric indications with monitoring recommendation was developed. Results: Medication regimens for 68 members of the Integrated Multidisciplinary Program of Assertive Community Treatment (IMPACT program qualified for review. Fourteen medications, carbamazepine, chlorpromazine, clozapine, fluphenazine and fluphenazine long-acting injections (LAI, haloperidol and haloperidol LAI, lithium, lurasidone, olanzapine, paliperidone and paliperidone LAI, perphenazine, quetiapine, risperidone and risperidone LAI, valproic acid/divalproex, and ziprasidone, were identified. In total, 111 medications are used on a monthly basis. Each member receives more than one medication qualifying for review. Additional monitoring parameters that were evaluated included changes in laboratory orders for members with insulin-dependent diabetes. Annual lipid panels were changed to every 6 months, if applicable. Conclusions and Future Directions: This medication monitoring program was developed to help ensure IMPACT members receive the most effective care and minimize potential medication-related adverse effects. The secondary goal was to improve coordination of care. Medication monitoring will be added as a continuous quality assurance measure. Lab results will be reviewed at least monthly. The medication monitoring program will be evaluated annually.

  2. Truth and Warranted Assertibility

    OpenAIRE

    Piazza, Tommaso

    2011-01-01

    Cet article soulève la question de savoir si le réaliste sémantique doit soutenir le principe selon lequel : (R) toute raison de penser qu’un énoncé est vrai est une raison de penser que l’énoncé est soutenable de manière garantie. A l’inverse de ce qui est proposé par W. Alston, qui dit que l’acceptation de (R) impose l’identification de l’extension du « vrai » et du « soutenable de manière garantie », l’article soutient que (R) peut être dérivé de l’hypothèse neutre entre le réalisme et l’a...

  3. Attachment insecurities and women's sexual function and satisfaction: the mediating roles of sexual self-esteem, sexual anxiety, and sexual assertiveness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brassard, Audrey; Dupuy, Emmanuelle; Bergeron, Sophie; Shaver, Phillip R

    2015-01-01

    We examined the potential role of three mediators--sexual self-esteem, sexual anxiety, and sexual assertiveness--of the association between romantic attachment insecurities (anxiety and avoidance) and two aspects of women's sexual functioning: sexual function and sexual satisfaction. A sample of 556 women aged 18 to 30 agreed to complete an online series of validated questionnaires assessing attachment insecurities and several aspects of sexual functioning. Lower sexual self-esteem and higher sexual anxiety mediated the associations between attachment anxiety and lower sexual function and satisfaction. Lower sexual self-esteem and higher sexual anxiety also partially mediated the links between attachment-related avoidance and the two sexual functioning variables. Sexual assertiveness, however, did not mediate these associations. A significant interaction between attachment anxiety and avoidance was also found to predict sexual satisfaction, with women high in avoidance and low in anxiety being the least satisfied. Results are discussed in terms of theoretical and clinical implications.

  4. The effect of five years versus two years of specialised assertive intervention for first episode psychosis - OPUS II: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gluud Christian

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The Danish OPUS I trial randomized 547 patients with first-episode psychosis to a two-year early-specialised assertive treatment programme (OPUS versus standard treatment. The two years OPUS treatment had significant positive effects on psychotic and negative symptoms, secondary substance abuse, treatment adherence, lower dosage of antipsychotic medication, and a higher treatment satisfaction. However, three years after end of the OPUS treatment, the positive clinical effects were not sustained, except that OPUS-treated patients were significantly less likely to be institutionalised compared with standard-treated patients. The major objective of the OPUS II trial is to evaluate the effects of five years of OPUS treatment versus two years of OPUS treatment. Methods The OPUS II trial is designed as a randomized, open label, parallel group trial with blinded outcome assessment. Based on our sample size estimation, 400 patients treated in OPUS for two years will be randomized to further three years of OPUS treatment versus standard treatment. The specialized assertive OPUS treatment consists of three core elements: assertive community treatment, psycho-educational family treatment, and social skills training. Discussion It has been hypothesized that there is a critical period from onset up to five years, which represents a window of opportunity where a long-term course can be influenced. Extending the specialized assertive OPUS treatment up to five years may allow the beneficial effects to continue beyond the high-risk period, through consolidation of improved social and functional outcome. Trial registration Clinical Trial.gov NCT00914238

  5. Rediscovering The Great Chichimeca: Regional Assertiveness and Social Anthropology in the Rehabilitation of a Mexican Ethnic Plurality

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tomé, Pedro

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available For centuries Mexicans have used the term “Chichimeca” as a synonym for “Barbarian” or “Savage.” However, in the past decades a deeper understanding of the Chichimeca peoples —largely affected by a political assertiveness of the regions in Mexico— has resulted in a fresh reconstruction of the memory of the Spanish conquest and, thereby, of the view of these peoples. To a unexpected extent, social anthropology —particularly, the “Seminario Permanente de Estudios de la Gran Chichimeca” (SPECH, promoting regular discussions and publications on the subject from different academic disciplines— has contributed to this rehabilitation as well. A convergence is thus emerging between new scholarly interest in the indigenous nations of Mexico’s northern frontier —taking the Chichimeca out of the ostracism to which official history in the country had confined them— and a newly found reason for pride among the rest of the population in belonging to the same area.

    Durante siglos el término “chichimeca” ha sido utilizado por los mexicanos como sinónimo de “bárbaro” o “salvaje”. Sin embargo, en las últimas décadas una profundización en el conocimiento de los grupos chichimecas —a la que no ha sido ajena una re-valorización política de las regiones en México— ha propiciado una nueva reconstrucción de la memoria de la conquista española que, en parte, ofrece una visión distinta de estos grupos humanos. En un grado no previsto, la antropología social —y, en particular, el “Seminario Permanente de Estudios de la Gran Chichimeca” (SPECH, en el que diferentes disciplinas académicas dialogan sobre un mismo tema y un mismo territorio— está contribuyendo a la misma revisión, con el resultado convergente de sacar a los pueblos chichimecas del ostracismo al que la historia oficial en México los había confinado, mientras se genera, entre otros habitantes de esa parte del país, un cierto orgullo

  6. Identifying barriers to mental health system improvements: an examination of community participation in assertive community treatment programs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wakefield Patricia A

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Integrating the best available evidence into program standards is essential if system-wide improvements in the delivery of community-based mental health services are to be achieved. Since the beginning of the Assertive Community Treatment (ACT program movement, program standards have included a role for the community. In particular, ACT program standards have sought to ensure that members of the local community are involved in governance and that former clients participate in service delivery as "Peer Support Specialists". This paper reports on the extent to which ACT program standards related to community participation have been implemented and identifies barriers to full compliance. Methods Qualitative and quantitative data were collected through a telephone survey of ACT Program Coordinators in Ontario, Canada, using a census sample of the existing 66 ACT programs. A thematic approach to content analysis was used to analyze respondents' qualitative comments. Quantitative data were analyzed using SPSS 16.0 and included means, frequencies, independent t-tests and Pearson Correlations. Results An 85% response rate was achieved. Of the 33 program standards, the two that received the lowest perceived compliance ratings were the two standards directly concerning community participation. Specifically, the standard to have a functioning Community Advisory Body and the standard requiring the inclusion of a Peer Support Specialist. The three major themes that emerged from the survey data with respect to the barriers to fully implementing the Community Advisory Body were: external issues; standard related issues; and, organizational/structural related issues. The three major themes concerning barriers to implementing the Peer Support Specialist role were: human resource related issues; organizational/structural related issues; and, standard related issues. Conclusions The reasons for low compliance of ACT programs with community

  7. 高校固定资产管理与财务管理相结合的思考%Consideration on combining of capital asserts management and finance management in colleges and universities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李霞

    2012-01-01

    The combining of capital asserts management and finance management is a key aspect of university state-owned asserts management. A key issue of asserts management and finance management is the discrepancy between physical asserts and statement of accounts. Therefore, for asserts and finance managements, the interaction needs to be enhanced, the asserts management system needs to be set up, the equipment depreciation needs to be enforced, the procedure of assert disposition needs to be enhanced, and the information channel with other functions and sharing of resources need to be established.%固定资产管理与财务管理相结合是高校国有资产管理的主要方向.资产管理和财务管理面临的主要问题是资产实物账与财务总账不一致.对此,提出资产管理和财务管理需要加强联动,需要建立资产综合管理信息系统、实行仪器设备折旧、完善资产处置流程,还要与其他相关职能部门建立信息沟通和资源共享.

  8. Evaluating Intellectual Property and Data Rights in Competition Source Selections - Leveraging the Assertions Process to a New Level to Foster Open Systems Architecture

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-04-30

    ååì~ä=^Åèìáëáíáçå= oÉëÉ~êÅÜ=póãéçëáìã= qÜìêëÇ~ó=pÉëëáçåë= sçäìãÉ=ff= = Evaluating Intellectual Property and Data Rights in Competition Source...SUBTITLE Evaluating Intellectual Property and Data Rights in Competition Source Selections - Leveraging the ’Assertions Process’ to a New Level to...effectively evaluate intellectual property in source selections to ensure the Government gets the intellectual property rights it needs to procure

  9. ASSERT--the Autism Symptom SElf-ReporT for adolescents and adults: bifactor analysis and validation in a large adolescent population.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Posserud, Maj-Britt; Breivik, Kyrre; Gillberg, Christopher; Lundervold, Astri J

    2013-12-01

    With a view to developing a brief screening instrument for autism symptoms in a general population of adolescents, seven items from the Asperger syndrome (and high-functioning autism) diagnostic interview were adapted for use as self-report in an online questionnaire for youths aged 16-19 years (N=10,220). The selected items target lack of social understanding (4 items) and rigid and repetitive behavior and interests (RRBI; 3 items). Factor analyses were performed, and the seven items were also validated against self-reported ASD diagnosis. Best statistical model fit was found for a bifactor model with one general factor and two domain specific factors tied to social difficulties and RRBI. Both the general and the domain specific factors were associated with self-reported ASD diagnoses. The scale (referred to as the Autism Symptom SElf-ReporT for Adolescents and Adults--ASSERT) had good screening properties with a receiver operating curve-area under the curve (ROC-AUC) of 0.87 and a diagnostic odds ratio (DOR) of 15.8. Applying a modified scoring of the scale further improved the screening properties leading to a ROC-AUC of 0.89 and a DOR of 24.9. The ASSERT holds promise as a brief self-report screen for autism symptoms in adolescents, and further studies should explore its usefulness for adults.

  10. A social work contribution to suicide prevention through assertive brief psychotherapy and community linkage: use of the Manchester Short Assessment of Quality of Life (MANSA).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Petrakis, Melissa; Joubert, Lynette

    2013-01-01

    There is a striking absence of literature articulating and evaluating clinical social work contributions to suicide prevention, despite considerable practice in this important field. This article reports on a model of assertive brief psychotherapeutic intervention and facilitated linkage to community services utilized in a prospective cohort study of emergency department suicide attempt aftercare. A key outcome measure, the Manchester Short Assessment of Quality of Life (MANSA), was used with 65 patients to assess psychosocial domains at initial presentation, 4-weeks, 3-months, and 6-months. There were significant improvements in the domains of work, finance, leisure, social life, living situation, personal safety and health by 3 months. There were highly significant correlations between psychosocial improvements and improved depression scores.

  11. INFLUENCIA DE LOS ESTILOS DE COMUNICACIÓN ASERTIVA DE LOS DOCENTES EN EL APRENDIZAJE ESCOLAR - INFLUENCE OF ASSERTIVE COMUNICATION STYLES OF TEACHERS IN THE SCHOOL LEARNING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    VIVIANA MONJE MAYORCA

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available This research determined the level of influence that assertive style of communication of teachers in the school learning. We used an experimental design; the sample included twelve teachers for the experimental group, and other twelve for the control group of the Empresarial de los Andes School (Department of Huila. The results show that school’s a stage of social life where the educational processes of the teachers have a deep character communicative and the institution have not recognized the importance of communication in processes like the personality, socialization and learning development. Similarly, was established that both, teachers and students, use alternate indirect ways of communication, which does not allow a proper process of personal interaction. It was shown, that with appropriate intervention, the communication channels are optimized, improving the academic performance of students.

  12. The effects of assertive community treatment including integrated dual diagnosis treatment on nuisance acts and crimes in dual-diagnosis patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Staring, A B P; Blaauw, E; Mulder, C L

    2012-04-01

    We investigated whether Assertive Community Treatment (ACT) combined with Integrated Dual Diagnosis Treatment (IDDT) is associated with a decrease in nuisance acts and crime convictions in dual-diagnosis repeated offenders. Forty-three patients were monitored from 21 months before until 12 months after the start of ACT-IDDT, using police data and the Health of the Nation Outcome Scales (HoNOS). Results show that while nuisance acts and convictions increased in the 21 months before the start of ACT-IDDT, nuisance acts decreased and convictions stabilized during the next 12 months. The decrease in nuisance acts was associated with a decrease in substance abuse.

  13. 基于策略断言的SOAP消息签名包装攻击检测%SOAP Messages Based on Policy Assertions Signature Wrapping Attacks Detection

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李根来; 赵逢禹

    2011-01-01

    Naive use of XML Signature may result in signed documents remaining vulnerable to undetected modification by an adversary.In the typical usage of XML Signature to protect SOAP messages,an adversary may be capable of modifying valid messages in order to gain unauthorized access to protected resources.In this paper,we first introduce the definition of signature wrapping attacks,then provide a possible scenario that enable these signature wrapping attacks,and last propose appropriate customized policy assertions.Our experiments show that the signature wrapping attacks detection based on customized policy assertions work very well.%不合理的使用XML签名会使经过签名的SOAP消息文档的安全性下降,容易受到恶意者的攻击。人们通常使用XML签名来保护SOAP消息,然而恶意者有能力通过改变有效的SOAP消息,以到达其在未获得合法授权的条件下访问被保护的消息的目的。文章首先介绍签名包装攻击的含义,然后模拟出签名包装攻击场景,最后提出一个合理的自定义检测策略断言。实验证明基于可选元素的签名包装攻击的自定义检测策略断言是可行的。

  14. Secure Range Query with Single Assertion on Encrypted Data%基于单断言的安全的密文区间检索

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡克; 张敏; 冯登国

    2011-01-01

    为解决数据外包所带来的敏感数据的数据安全问题,数据所有者更多地选择外包敏感数据的密文.而外包密文的形式,为数据所有者对这些数据的使用带来了不便,如数据所有者无法对密文数据进行区间检索等.目前的密文区间检索方案中,为实现密文的区间检索,服务器需要对区间索引进行多次断言.而断言次数越多,向服务器泄露的信息也越多.文中提出采用单断言实现敏感数据的区间判断,同时使用可逆矩阵对区间索引和区间陷门进行安全保护,不仅减少了整个方案的信息泄露,而且保证了区间索引和区间陷门的安全.文中对方案复杂性进行了分析.该方案在安全性方面的提升并不以效率损失为代价.%The outsourcing of sensitive data will bring in some security issues to the data. In order to avoid it, the data owner prefers to encrypt the sensitive data before outsourcing them. Thought the encryption can protect this confidentiality of sensitive data, it is inconvenient for the data owner to use them. For example, the data owner cannot directly make a range query on these encrypted sensitive data any more. To solve it, we usually build interval index for every sensitive data. To realizing whether a sensitive data belongs to a search range, in the previous solutions, the server needs to assert the interval index many times. The more times the server asserts the interval index, the more information that will be revealed to the server. These revealed information risk the confidentiality sensitive data. In this paper, we propose a schema of range query on encrypted data, which reduces the amount of information leakage by only asserting the interval index once. This revealed information such as interval indexes and interval trapdoors, are multiplied with invertible matrix to guarantee the security issues of the sensitive data and the search range. The analyses of complicity can tell the truth, that

  15. Deinstitutionalization revisited: a 5-year follow-up of a randomized clinical trial of hospital-based rehabilitation versus specialized assertive intervention (OPUS) versus standard treatment for patients with first-episode schizophrenia spectrum disorders

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nordentoft, Merete; Øhlenschlæger, Johan; Thorup, Anne Amalie Elgaard

    2010-01-01

    BACKGROUND: The effects of hospital-based rehabilitation including weekly supportive psychodynamic therapy compared with specialized assertive intervention and standard treatment has not previously been investigated in first-episode psychosis. The aim of the study was to examine long-term effect ...

  16. Involving clients and their relatives and friends in psychiatric care: Case managers' experiences of training in resource group assertive community treatment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nordén, Tommy; Eriksson, Anders; Kjellgren, Anette; Norlander, Torsten

    2012-06-01

    The purpose of this project was to do a qualitative study of an integrated and flexible ACT model, the Resource Group Assertive Community Treatment (RACT), as seen from the perspective of case managers in training. The resource group normally consists of the client, the case manager and other available personnel in the medical and support areas, as well as family members. Nineteen theses were randomly chosen from a set of 80 theses written by a group of Swedish trainee case managers. The exams were conducted as case studies and concerned 19 clients with psychotic problems, 11 men and 8 women. "The Empirical Phenomenological Psychological Method" was used in the analysis, which generated five overarching themes: (a) the RACT program; (b) the resource group; (c) the empowerment of the client; (d) progress in treatment; and (e) the case manager. These together constituted a "therapeutic circle," in which methods and tools used within the RACT made it possible for the resource group to empower the clients who, as a result, experienced progress with treatment, during which the case manager was the unifying and connecting link.

  17. Bill (declared urgency) asserting the national commitment for the environment; Projet de Loi (urgence declaree), portant engagement national pour l'environnement

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2009-01-15

    The bill asserting the French national commitment for the environment (also named 'Grenelle 2') is considered as the juridical tool-box of the French environmental policy. It confirms, strengthens, and concretizes the objectives defined by the Grenelle 1 law. The main dispositions of the bill concern the following domains: settlement and urbanism with the improvement of the energy efficiency, energy conservation and life-cycle of buildings; transports with the development of sustainable transportation systems; energy with the creation of regional climate, air and energy schemes with the aim of developing renewable energies (with some restrictions concerning wind power) and reducing CO{sub 2} emissions; biodiversity with the creation of ecological pathways between protected areas for the migration of flora and fauna species; environment and waste management with the reinforcement of measures for the abatement of environmental pollutant effects. Among the numerous dispositions involving more than 20 codes (urbanism, environment, buildings etc..) one concerns the progressive implementation of a 'carbon price' index taking into account the greenhouse gas emission costs during the whole life cycle of a product, another one concerns the monitoring of indoor air quality in public buildings. This document is made of three parts. Part 1 is the exposition of the intentions of each article of the bill, part 2 is the bill itself and part 3 is the impact study of the bill in terms of economical, social and environmental impact. (J.S.)

  18. Asserting the primacy of health over patent rights: a comparative study of the processes that led to the use of compulsory licensing in Thailand and Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosenberg, Stephanie T

    2014-08-01

    Since the 1970s, the United States has adopted a trade policy agenda that has forced countries to trade away flexible patent provisions for access to US markets. While pharmaceutical companies have argued that the recognition of patent rights is essential for recovering investments in research and development of pharmaceuticals and incentivizing future innovation, the lack of competition has had damaging consequences for public health, as companies tend to set the prices of treatments beyond the reach of consumers and government programs. Thailand and Brazil are bound by law to provide universal access to anti-retroviral treatment (ART) to People Living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA). This has been made possible in part due to the universal health care systems in each country and the countries' local technical and industrial capacities that provide the government with affordable generic medicines. The introduction of stronger intellectual property protection laws however, has limited possibilities for procuring generic medicines and inflated the cost of treatment. Between 2006-2008, Thailand and Brazil used compulsory licensing to authorize generic competition against the consent of the pharmaceutical companies in order to guarantee the right to health and ensure the viability of government health budgets. This paper will demonstrate how the interaction between individual / collective action and structural and institutional elements in Thailand and Brazil produced propitious conditions for each country to assert the primacy of health over patent rights.

  19. The Pointer Assertion Logic Engine

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møller, Anders; Schwartzbach, Michael Ignatieff

    2001-01-01

    We present a new framework for verifying partial specifications of programs in order to catch type and memory errors and check data structure invariants. Our technique can verify a large class of data structures, namely all those that can be expressed as graph types. Earlier versions were restric...

  20. Chinese Companies Poised to Assert

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Audrey GUO

    2009-01-01

    @@ Businesses in China are increasingly working with government and civil society to shift markets to reward sustainable development.These responsible business practices are becoming more and more embedded in the country s emerging green industrial policy and low carbon development pathways.In some areas,China is set to leapfrog into the elite group of global green innovators.

  1. The Functional Meanings of English Article in Logical Assertion%英语逻辑断言中冠词的功能语义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    夏虹

    2012-01-01

    英语冠词产生于中国象思维和西方概念思维方式的交会点,高级英语使用者也难确保冠词使用十分安全。冠词有定意义与无定意义根源在于对“隐喻名词”的一次断言。冠词与所修饰的隐喻性的名词有复杂的逻辑断言关系。在逻辑断言言语行为中冠词的特殊功能语义发挥独特作用。中国学生传统思维与西方冠词思维习惯真正接轨,在于理顺思维重围与语意纠结、明确指称分歧与知识周延.进行冠词与名词地道搭配的英语思维,避免随意省略冠词。%An English article crosses traditional English thinking of Chinese. An advanced English user of Chinese could not ensure that English articles are often used in safety. Either definite or indefinite meaning of English article results from the "first assertion" of metaphorical noun. There exist many agreements between English articles and metaphorical nouns. The special functional meanings of English article are peculiar in logical assertion. The English students should revolve the traditional Chinese minds to avoid article omission at random. A native-like collocation of article and noun helps to unlock thinking perplex and theme knot, to mark sign diversity and knowledge pertinence.

  2. The quality of life among persons with severe mental illness enrolled in an assertive community treatment program in Japan: 1-year follow-up and analyses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matsuoka Hiroo

    2006-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Toward effective community care for persons with severe mental illness and deinstitutionalization in Japan, we assessed the impact of the first trial of an assertive community treatment program on the lives and subjective perceptions of persons with mental illness without closing hospitals. Methods Forty-three subjects were enrolled from the newly admitted patients of a hospital, who met our criteria of problematic hospital use, severity of psychiatric disorders, and behavioral problems. The intervention team aimed to intensively support them in various life domains in their communities to decrease clients' admissions. The Quality of Life Interview was administered at baseline and after 12 months. Data were analyzed to assess the pre-post changes in their QOL, and were explained in association with other descriptive variables. Results The objective changes included increase in persons whose longest residence in a year were in communities, increase in income, and decrease in family contacts. Most subjective items were not changed except the decrease in satisfaction with family relationships. Satisfaction with family relationships was negatively correlated with hospital days at 1 year follow-up after controlling for symptoms, but was not so at baseline. Also, correlation between satisfaction with family relationships and global well-being was attenuated. A change in the positioning of family by clients and the autonomy of clients were suggested. However, previous studies showed that dissatisfaction with family relationships predicted rehospitalizations independently from symptoms, and our findings suggest our subjects' characteristics and a possible improvement in community-based care. Conclusion Our program predominantly fulfilled the primary goal, but it must be further refined to reflect the detailed characteristics of the target population and resource distribution. Assessing subjective perceptions, or the QOL of clients is

  3. Deinstitutionalization revisited: a 5-year follow-up of a randomized clinical trial of hospital-based rehabilitation versus specialized assertive intervention (OPUS) versus standard treatment for patients with first-episode schizophrenia spectrum disorders

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nordentoft, Merete; Øhlenschlæger, Johan; Thorup, Anne Amalie Elgaard;

    2010-01-01

    in a special part of the Copenhagen OPUS trial and randomized to either the specialized assertive intervention program (OPUS), standard treatment or hospital-based rehabilitation. RESULTS: It was a stable pattern that patients randomized to hospital-based rehabilitation spent more days in psychiatric wards......BACKGROUND: The effects of hospital-based rehabilitation including weekly supportive psychodynamic therapy compared with specialized assertive intervention and standard treatment has not previously been investigated in first-episode psychosis. The aim of the study was to examine long-term effect...... and in supported housing throughout the 5-year follow-up period compared with the two other groups. Patients in OPUS treatment spent significantly fewer days in psychiatric wards and supported housing in the first 3 years compared with patients in hospital-based rehabilitation. Due to attrition and small sample...

  4. Model study and system implementation of measuring asserts life cycle management%计量资产全寿命周期管理模型研究及系统实现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭楚宁; 叶剑斌; 沈秋英

    2015-01-01

    With the system reform of group management in the planning, construction, operation, maintenance, mar-keting of five aspects and centralized management in human, financial, material of three aspects, and the marketing system construction of customer-oriented, flattening organization, intensive business, professional management, real-time control and coordinated service which proposed by the state grid corporation of china, the intensive management of measuring asserts has become the core business of measurement center in each provincial company, and the life cy-cle management is the best way to achieve this goal.Measuring asserts have characteristics of large number, low unit price, wide use range and easy replacement, and it directly relates to social factors such as people’ s livelihood, har-mony and stability, so quality management is the core of measuring asserts life cycle management.Around this core, study on analysis evaluation model of measuring asserts life cycle management is carried out, and the system architec-ture is designed, finally, the system function and application is stated in the paper.%随着国家电网公司“三集五大”体制改革和“一型五化”大营销体系的建设,各省公司计量资产的集中集约管理已成为计量中心的核心业务,全寿命周期管理是实现这一目标的最佳途径。由于计量资产具有数量庞大、单价低、使用面广、易更换的特点,并且直接涉及国计民生、和谐稳定等社会因素,因此质量管理是计量资产全寿命周期管理的核心。文章围绕这一核心开展了计量资产周期管理的分析评价模型研究,并设计了系统架构,阐述了系统功能和应用情况。

  5. Experimental Study to Compare the Use of Metamorphic Testing and Assertion Checking%蜕变测试和断言检查的比较与实验研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张震宇; 陈荣光; 谢俊谦; 胡佩锋

    2009-01-01

    在软件测试中,测试预言是一种用于检查程序在测试中是否正常运行的机制.然而在某些实际情况下,还无法制定测试预言或者难以有效地应用测试预言.针对此类测试预言问题,蜕变测试于近年应运而生,但蜕变测试的效率问题还没有被充分地加以研究.作者用控制实验的方法研究了使用蜕变测试的成本及效率,进而将蜕变测试和常用的断言检查两种方法的错误检测率和时间成本进行了比较和分析.实验结果表明,相比于断言检查方法,蜕变测试具有检测到更多错误的潜力.通过分析蜕变测试的效率和性能,与断言测试相比,蜕变测试的错误检测率更高效而效率有待提高,可适用于较为粗粒度的测试需求.%A test oracle in software testing is a mechanism for checking whether the program under test behaves correctly for any execution. In some practical situations, oracles can be unavailable or too expensive to apply. Metamorphic testing (MT) was proposed to alleviate this problem so that software can be delivered under the time-to-market pressure. However, the effectiveness of MT has not been studied adequately. This paper conducts a controlled experiment to investigate the cost effectiveness of using MT. The fault detection capability and time cost of MT are compared with the standard assertion checking method. The results show that MT has potentials to detect more faults than the assertion checking method. The experimental results also show a trade-off between the two testing methods: MT can be less efficient but more effective, and can be defined at a coarser level of granularity than the assertion checking method.

  6. La comunicación y la asertividad del discurso durante las interacciones grupales presenciales y por computadora Communication and assertiveness on the discourse during face-to-face and computer-mediated group interactions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nancy Noemí Terroni

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo se reportan los resultados del análisis reticular en la comunicación, y los puntajes de la asertividad del discurso de los partipantes de pequeños grupos que resuelven una tarea de recuperación de memoria (La guerra de los fantasmas, Bartlett, 1932. El diseño es cuasiexperimental y los 90 participantes alumnos de la Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata, debieron reconstruir la misma en forma grupal colaborativa. Los sujetos fueron asignados aleatoriamente a los grupos y a las dos condiciones (grupos cara a cara y mediados por computadora. Se registraron las interacciones presenciales mediante video filmaciones y las electrónicas quedaron almacenadas en el canal de chat. En general, la asertividad del discurso y la comunicación presentaron asociaciones significativas, con algunas diferencias según el canal comunicacional empleado. Se discuten estos resultados con relación al tipo de tarea y a las restricciones de los medios electrónicos.This work reports the results of reticular analysis in communication, and the scores from the discourse assertiveness of the participants of small groups who solve a recall memory task (The war of the ghosts, Bartlett, 1932. The design is a quasi-experimental one and the 90 subjects, students from Mar del Plata University had to reconstruct the same story in collaborative groups. The subjects were assigned in an aleatory way, to both conditions (face to face and computer-mediated groups. The subjects' interactions in face-to-face communication groups were recorded in video films and the electronic ones were stored in the chat channel. In general, the discourse assertiveness and the communication presented significant associations, with some differences according to the communication channel used. These results are discussed about the type of task and the restrictions of the electronic media.

  7. Enhancing assertiveness in district nurse specialist practice

    OpenAIRE

    Green, J.

    2016-01-01

    District nurse (DN) care delivery has undergone substantial change in recent years due to changing demographics and service delivery demands that have called for a move of care delivery from secondary to primary care. The title District Nurse is recorded with the Nursing and Midwifery Council (NMC) on completion of the Specialist Practice Qualification in District Nursing (SPQ DN), which purports to be a 'transformational' course that prepares future caseload holders to manage their team and ...

  8. On the Critical Spirit of Tan Sitong in His Assertion of Humanity and Rejection of Rites%论谭嗣同“崇仁斥礼”的批判精神

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于阿专

    2011-01-01

    谭嗣同的《仁学》堪称近代中国伦理思想史的“旋风”。在这本巨著中,谭嗣同在吸取中国优秀传统文化的基础上,融合了西方先进的自然科学知识以及佛教精华,形成了自己独具特色的“崇仁斥礼”的批判精神。这一精神成为当时社会民族资产阶级伦理思想两面性的真实写照,对封建纲常礼教给予了无情的抨击,同时也唤醒了当时追求革命的诸多知识分子对中国黑暗社会以及当时革命任务的清晰认识,从而对当时革命形势的发展产生了巨大的推动作用。%As a thunderstorm in ethical thought of modern Chinese history, Philosophy of Humanity by Tan Sitong is based on the good tradition of Chinese culture and also combines Buddhism and Western natural sciences and is therefore characterized by a critical spirit in the assertion of humanity and rejection of rites. The book is a reflection of the spirit of the national bourgeoisie at that time; it lashes at the feudal moral human relations and helps intellectuals understand Chinese society and the task of the reform, pushing forward the wake of the Reform Movement of 1898.

  9. The Investigation of relation between elementary school second grade students’ self-esteem, different skills and assertiveness levels İlköğretim II. kademe öğrencilerinde benlik saygısı, farklı yetenek ve atılganlık düzeyleri arasındaki ilişkinin incelenmesi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hakan Sarıçam

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to examine the relation among the self esteem, different abilility levels and assertiveness levels of second grade primary education. An investigation has been done on over 180 students, chosen randomly, from the primary education schools of Erzurum MEB in accordance with the purpose of this study. Information Form, Rosenberg Self-Esteem Inventory, Basic Aptitude Test 6-8 and Rathus Assertiveness Inventory were used. SPSS/WINDOWS programme was used for data analysis. ‘t test’ was used for determine the difference among the groups and ‘Pearson Moment Correlation Analysis’ was used for determine correlation among variables. In this study different abilities were examined in the subhead of Language ability, The Ability of Reasoning, Numerical Ability, General Ability. It was found in this study that there is a meaningful relation between Sef-Esttem and Language ability, The Ability of Reasoning, Numerical Ability, General Ability, Assertiveness. In the view of the preceding findings, and in the scope of academic success this study is discussed and leads other investigations and applications.

  10. Influence of assertiveness training on the Self-esteem and the Quality of Life of Female Patients with Schizophrenia%自信心训练对女性精神分裂症患者自尊及生活质量的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张凌芳; 陈慧敏; 朱雪丽; 何益群

    2014-01-01

    目的:探讨自信心训练对女性精神分裂症患者自尊及生活质量的影响。方法:将78例康复期女性精神分裂症患者随机分为观察组和对照组2组各39例,并给予常规抗精神病药物治疗及护理,观察组在此基础上进行自信心训练8周。采用自尊量表( SES)和世界卫生组织生活质量量表( WH O, QOL~100)分别于入组训练前后进行评估。结果:观察组进行自信心训练后,与对照组相比较,SES及QOL~100评分均高于对照组差异具有统计学意义( P <0.05)。结论:自信心训练有助于提高女性精神分裂症患者自尊水平,继而提高其生活质量。%Objective:To explore the influence of assertiveness training on the self -esteem and the quality of life of female patients with schizophrenia .Motheds:78 female patients with schizophrenia who had rehabilitated were randomly divided into observation group and control group .They were offered the conventional antipsychotic drug therapy and nursing .And then only the observation group would be offered Assertiveness training for 8 weeks.They were evaluated in The Self -Esteem Scale(SES) and The WHO Quality of Life Scale (WHO,QOL-100) before assertiveness training and after it.Results:After assertiveness training, training group scores were higher in SES and QOL-100 than control group ( p<0 .05 ) .Conclusion: Assertiveness training will improve the level of self -esteem of female schizophrenia patients , and then improve their quality of life .

  11. Embryology review of the assertion-the leadership of the party is the most essential characteristic of socialism with Chinese characteristics%党的领导是中国特色社会主义最本质特征的发生学审视

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王振民; 马征; 彭青

    2015-01-01

    习近平总书记提出的“党的领导是中国特色社会主义最本质的特征”的重大论断,不仅是对马克思主义关于社会主义社会特征理论的继承和发展,也是对当代中国特色社会主义何以能富有蓬勃生机和发展前景的关键缘由的科学回答。从发生学的维度对这一重大论断生成和发展的历史和逻辑进行初步梳理,阐明其是如何生成和为何发生的构境。概而言之,从理论理性到实践理性,即从隐性到显性,是判据生发的内驱力;从并行结构到层次结构,即从意指转向能指,是判据布展的外驱力;理论语境与现实情境相结合是判据的基本要求。%The assertion that the leadership of the party is the most essential characteristic of socialism with Chinese characteristics proposed by general secretary XI Jin-ping is not only the inheritance and development of Marxism on the characteristics of socialism , but also the scientific answer to the question why socialism with Chinese characteristics in the contemporary era can be prosperous .The paper primarily sorts out the history and logic of this assertion's generation and development from the perspective of embryology .In a word, the inside drive to judge generation is from the theoretical reason to practical reason , namely from implicit to explicit , and the outside drive to judge development is from the parallel structure to hierarchical structure , namely from the connotation to denotation .The combination of context of theory with the real situation is the basic requirement of the criterion .

  12. Bill asserting the national commitment for the environment (declared urgency), text from the commission of economy, sustainable development and town and country planning; Projet de Loi portant engagement national pour l'environnement (urgence declaree), Texte de la Commission de L'Economie, du Developpement Durable et de L'Amenagement du Territoire

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2009-07-15

    The bill asserting the French national commitment for the environment (also named 'Grenelle 2') is considered as the juridical tool-box of the French environmental policy. It confirms, strengthens, and concretizes the objectives defined by the Grenelle 1 law. The main dispositions of the bill concern the following domains: settlement and urbanism with the improvement of the energy efficiency, energy conservation and life-cycle of buildings; transports with the development of sustainable transportation systems; energy with the creation of regional climate, air and energy schemes with the aim of developing renewable energies (with some restrictions concerning wind power) and reducing CO{sub 2} emissions; biodiversity with the creation of ecological pathways between protected areas for the migration of flora and fauna species; environment and waste management with the reinforcement of measures for the abatement of environmental pollutant effects. Among the numerous dispositions involving more than 20 codes (urbanism, environment, buildings etc..) one concerns the progressive implementation of a 'carbon price' index taking into account the greenhouse gas emission costs during the whole life cycle of a product, another one concerns the monitoring of indoor air quality in public buildings. This document is the text of the bill as prepared by the Commission of economy, sustainable development and town and country planning. (J.S.)

  13. Positioning localities from spatial assertions based on Voronoi neighboring

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    With the rapid development of Internet,much spatial information contained in non-structured or semi-structured documents is available on the World Wide Web.In such documents,localities are always textually described using spatial relationships and named places,instead of numerical coordinates.Hence,extracting positional information from locality descriptions is an important task.In this paper,we bridge two aspects of locality descriptions,namely generating locality descriptions and positioning localities,and provide a method to compute probability density according to the selection probability of a reference object to describe the position of the target object.Refinement operation on uncertainty field is used to deal with locality description involving multiple reference objects.Three metrics are introduced to measure the results of positioning localities.We choose the mixed selection probability function based on Euclidean distance and Voronoi stolen-area to compute probability density function.Finally,we use three cases to demonstrate the proposed methods.

  14. 32 CFR 757.18 - Asserting the claim.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... agency or department. (ii) Similarly, where a DoN MTF provides care to personnel of another Federal... assistance in scheduling the testimony of the treating physician and the JAG designee will coordinate...

  15. Combining monitoring with run-time assertion checking

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gouw, Stijn de

    2013-01-01

    We develop a new technique for Run-time Checking for two object-oriented languages: Java and the Abstract Behavioral Specification language ABS. In object-oriented languages, objects communicate by sending each other messages. Assuming encapsulation, the behavior of objects is completely determine

  16. Assertive Discipline and Its Impact on Disruptive Behavior

    Science.gov (United States)

    Etheridge, Tasha R.

    2010-01-01

    Past research studies suggested that many students could benefit from well-structured classroom management strategies to help in the reduction of discipline problems that some may have. The research, however, was inconclusive as to which classroom management strategies are the most effective in managing behaviors within the classroom setting. The…

  17. 40 CFR 350.13 - Sufficiency of assertions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... competitors cannot readily discover the specific chemical identity by analysis of the submitter's products or... following: (i) Either: (A) Competitors do not know or the submitter is not aware that competitors know that... submitter uses it, and competitors cannot easily duplicate the specific use of this chemical through...

  18. Libya: A Country in Transition Seeking to Assert its Influence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-06-02

    has been characterized by the buildup of a formidable arsenal, a near tripling in armed manpower since 1970, and the training of youth in particular...in control of the political system despite enactment of a resocialization program which has cut into the very core of Libyan society by attacking...how effective the new institutional structure will be in terms of increasing popular support for the revolution and facilitating the resocialization

  19. Na trilha das “garrafadas”: a abdicação de D. Pedro I e a afirmação da identidade nacional brasileira na Bahia On the trail of the Garrafadas: The abdication of Dom Pedro I and the assertion of Brazil’s national identity in Bahia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel António Silva

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available O texto analisa os momentos finais do reinado do primeiro imperador brasileiro e as tensões políticas que impuseram a sua abdicação: o acirramento da distinção entre “português” e “brasileiro” e a afirmação de uma certa identidade nacional brasileira conducente à procura de uma definição de cidadania entre os baianos. Os protestos populares e militares ocorridos aí e no Rio de Janeiro mostram a existência de uma íntima relação e complementaridade entre portugueses e brasileiros. O duelo ocorrido entre eles em março de 1831 no Rio de Janeiro, que se convencionou chamar a “noite das garrafadas” e os diversos protestos de rua ocorridos em Salvador da Bahia no mesmo contexto, são a chave do presente estudo.We analyze in this essay the final moments of the reign of the first Brazilian emperor and the political tensions that led to his abdication: the growing stress on the distinction between “Portuguese” and “Brazilian” and the assertion of a kind of Brazilian national identity leading to the construction of a definition of citizenship, particularly among the residents of Bahia. The popular and military unrest in Bahia and Rio de Janeiro show that there were close relations and complementarities between Portuguese and Brazilians. The duel that took place between them in March 1831 in Rio de Janeiro that came to be known as the noite das garrafadas (night of the “bottle riot” and the street protests that occurred in Salvador da Bahia, are the key to the present study.

  20. Notice made on behalf of the Commission of economic affairs about the bill, adopted by the Senate after urgency declaration, asserting the national commitment for the environment (no. 1965); Avis fait Au nom de la Commission des Affaires Economiques sur le projet de loi, adopte par le Senat, apres declaration d'urgence, portant engagement national pour l'environnement (no. 1965)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2010-04-15

    The bill asserting the French national commitment for the environment (also named 'Grenelle 2') is considered as the juridical tool-box of the French environmental policy. It confirms, strengthens, and concretizes the objectives defined by the Grenelle 1 law. The main dispositions of the bill concern the following domains: settlement and urbanism with the improvement of the energy efficiency, energy conservation and life-cycle of buildings; transports with the development of sustainable transportation systems; energy with the creation of regional climate, air and energy schemes with the aim of developing renewable energies (with some restrictions concerning wind power) and reducing CO{sub 2} emissions; biodiversity with the creation of ecological pathways between protected areas for the migration of flora and fauna species; environment and waste management with the reinforcement of measures for the abatement of environmental pollutant effects. Among the numerous dispositions involving more than 20 codes (urbanism, environment, buildings etc..) one concerns the progressive implementation of a 'carbon price' index taking into account the greenhouse gas emission costs during the whole life cycle of a product, another one concerns the monitoring of indoor air quality in public buildings. This document recalls first the objectives of the bill adopted by the Senate, then it presents the proposals of the rapporteurs of the French House of Commons, followed by the auditions of the Junior Ministers in charge of ecology, accommodation and urbanism, energy, sustainable development, green technologies and climate. Finally, each article of the bill is described, and examined by the deputies. (J.S.)

  1. Bill, adopted by the Senate after urgency declaration, asserting the national commitment for the environment, transmitted by M. Prime Minister to M. President of the House of Commons; Projet de loi adopte par le Senat apres declaration d'urgence, portant engagement national pour l'environnement transmis par M. le Premier Ministre a M. le President de l'Assemblee Nationale

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2009-10-15

    The bill asserting the French national commitment for the environment (also named 'Grenelle 2') is considered as the juridical tool-box of the French environmental policy. It confirms, strengthens, and concretizes the objectives defined by the Grenelle 1 law. The main dispositions of the bill concern the following domains: settlement and urbanism with the improvement of the energy efficiency, energy conservation and life-cycle of buildings; transports with the development of sustainable transportation systems; energy with the creation of regional climate, air and energy schemes with the aim of developing renewable energies (with some restrictions concerning wind power) and reducing CO{sub 2} emissions; biodiversity with the creation of ecological pathways between protected areas for the migration of flora and fauna species; environment and waste management with the reinforcement of measures for the abatement of environmental pollutant effects. Among the numerous dispositions involving more than 20 codes (urbanism, environment, buildings etc..) one concerns the progressive implementation of a 'carbon price' index taking into account the greenhouse gas emission costs during the whole life cycle of a product, another one concerns the monitoring of indoor air quality in public buildings. This document is the text of the bill adopted in first lecture by the Senate and transmitted by the Prime Minister to the President of the House of Commons. (J.S.)

  2. The fiction of zora neale hurston: an assertion of black womanhood The fiction of zora neale hurston: an assertion of black womanhood

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rita Terezinha Schmidt

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available Contrary to what official historical records show, recent studies convincingly prove that women have been writing for centuries, in a variety of literary modes and genres. However, an historical examination of the role of woman as writer reveals that she has suffered from the persistent cultural ideal of woman's silence, an invisibility which has rendered her works marginal to what the guardians of the great tradition call 'the serious enterprise of art.' Denied legitimacy for so long by a traditional canon which has prescribed standards of literary excellence on the basis of pre-existing social bias, women writers are just beginning to be reviewed in major literary publications, included in literary histories and university curricula as a result of the efforts geared to the body of studies in literature which has emerged as an important part of the post-60's upsurge of work in woman's studies, especially in the United States. Contrary to what official historical records show, recent studies convincingly prove that women have been writing for centuries, in a variety of literary modes and genres. However, an historical examination of the role of woman as writer reveals that she has suffered from the persistent cultural ideal of woman's silence, an invisibility which has rendered her works marginal to what the guardians of the great tradition call 'the serious enterprise of art.' Denied legitimacy for so long by a traditional canon which has prescribed standards of literary excellence on the basis of pre-existing social bias, women writers are just beginning to be reviewed in major literary publications, included in literary histories and university curricula as a result of the efforts geared to the body of studies in literature which has emerged as an important part of the post-60's upsurge of work in woman's studies, especially in the United States.

  3. The fiction of Zora Neale Hurston: an assertion of black womanhood* The fiction of Zora Neale Hurston: an assertion of black womanhood*

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rita Terezinha Schmidt

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available Contrary to what oficial historical records show, recentstudies convincingly prove that women have been writing forcenturies, in a variety of literary modes and genres. However,an historical examination of the role of woman as writer revealsthat she has suffered from the persistent cultural ideal ofwoman's silence, an invisibility which has rendered her worksmarginal to what the guardians of the great tradition call 'theserious enterprise of art.' Denied legitimacy for so long by atraditional canon which has prescribed standards of literaryexcellence on the basis of pre-existing social bias, womenwriters are just beginning to be reviewed in major literarypublications, included in literary histories and universitycurricula as a result of the efforts geared to the body ofstudies in literature which has emerged as an important part ofthe post-60's upsurge of work in woman's studies, especially inthe United States. Certain ideas, perpetuated in the theory andpractice of literature, (such as the domain of the male creatorthrough whose agency and power man acquired the Word, becomingthe sacer vates, or the exclusively male transcendental images of creativity as opposed to earth-bound images of female nature, which have invested all significance in the experience, ideasand discourse of men, are now being called to question.Retrieving woman's texts and the literary expression of thefemale experience is a sign of basic changes in the consciousness of western art and society and a task in which weall should join as professionais concerned with the relationshipbetween women and literature. Contrary to what oficial historical records show, recentstudies convincingly prove that women have been writing orcenturies, in a variety of literary modes and genres. However,an historical examination of the role of woman as writer revealsthat she has suffered from the persistent cultural ideal ofwoman's silence, an invisibility which has rendered her worksmarginal to what the guardians of the great tradition call 'theserious enterprise of art.' Denied legitimacy for so long by atraditional canon which has prescribed standards of literaryexcellence on the basis of pre-existing social bias, womenwriters are just beginning to be reviewed in major literarypublications, included in literary histories and universitycurricula as a result of the efforts geared to the body ofstudies in literature which has emerged as an important part ofthe post-60's upsurge of work in woman's studies, especially inthe United States. Certain ideas, perpetuated in the theory andpractice of literature, (such as the domain of the male creatorthrough whose agency and power man acquired the Word, becomingthe sacer vates, or the exclusively male transcendental images of creativity as opposed to earth-bound images of female nature, which have invested all significance in the experience, ideasand discourse of men, are now being called to question.Retrieving woman's texts and the literary expression of thefemale experience is a sign of basic changes in the consciousness of western art and society and a task in which weall should join as professionais concerned with the relationshipbetween women and literature.

  4. The Role of Science in the Information Society asserted in CERN conference

    CERN Multimedia

    2004-01-01

    A key objective of the RSIS conference (CERN, 8-9 December) was to respond to a challenge made by the UN Secretary-General, Kofi Annan, last March, when he called on the world's scientists to work with the United Nations to extend the benefits of modern science to developing countries. In hosting the Role of Science in the Information Society (RSIS) conference, CERN took a bold step forward into the policy arena. The conference, which was organised jointly by CERN, UNESCO, the International Council for Science, and the Third World Academy of Sciences, was held at CERN on 8-9 December as a Summit Event to the first phase of the World Summit on the Information Society (Geneva, 10-12 December). "This event has helped to develop a vision for how information and communication technologies can be applied for the greater benefit of all," said Luciano Maiani, Director General of CERN until the end of 2003, who gave a summary of the conference. The globalisation of the information society has the...

  5. An Assertional Proof System for Multithreaded Java - Theory and Tool Support

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Abraham, E.

    2005-01-01

    Besides the features of a class-based object-oriented language, Java integrates concurrency via its thread classes, allowing for a multithreaded flow of control. The concurrency model includes shared-variable concurrency via instance variables, coordination via reentrant synchronization monitors, s

  6. On the Asserted Clash between the Freud and the Bianchi Identities

    CERN Document Server

    Antoci, S

    1995-01-01

    Through a constructive method it is shown that the claim advanced in recent times about a clash that should occur between the Freud and the Bianchi identities in Einstein's general theory of relativity is based on a faulty argument.

  7. On the asserted clash between the Freud and the Bianchi identities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Antoci, S.

    1995-09-01

    Through a constructive method it is shown that the claim advanced in recent times about a clash that should occur between the Freud and the Bianchi identities in Einstein's general theory of relativity is based on a faulty argument.

  8. Verification of Correspondence Assertions in a Calculus for Mobile Ad Hoc Networks

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hüttel, Hans; Kühnrich, Morten; Godskesen, Jens Christian

    2009-01-01

    We introduce a novel process calculus called DBSPI (distributed broadcast SPI-calculus) which models mobile ad hoc networks (MANET). The calculus is a cryptographic broadcast calculus with locations and migration. Communication and migration are limited to neighborhoods. Neighborhood definitions...... and it is shown to be sound, i.e. protocols which are typeable are also safe. This result is lifted to open systems which involves Dolev-Yao attackers. Our Dolev-Yao attacker may use public keys for encryption and can attack any neighborhood it wishes. Our technique is applied to the Mobile IP registration...

  9. Is Mandarin Chinese a truth-based language? Rejecting responses to negative assertions and questions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Feifei Li

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper addresses the central question of whether Mandarin Chinese (MC is a canonical truth-based language, a language that is expected to express the speaker’s disagreement to a negative proposition by means of a negative particle followed by a positive sentence. Eight native speakers of MC participated in an oral Discourse Completion Task which elicited rejecting responses to negative propositions and broad focus statements (control condition. Results show that MC speakers convey REJECT by relying on a combination of lexico-syntactic strategies (e.g., negative particles such as bù, méi(yǒu, and positive sentences together with prosodic (e.g., mean pitch and gestural strategies (mainly, the use of head nods. Importantly, the use of a negative particle, which was the expected outcome in truth-based languages, only appeared in 52% of the rejecting answers. This system puts into question the macroparametric division between truth-based and polarity-based languages and calls for a more general view of the instantiation of a REJECT speech act that integrates lexical and syntactic strategies with prosodic and gestural strategies.

  10. The consequences of increasing assertiveness of trans-national religious communities for international relations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Najamudin Najamudin

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The transnational communities, or in other terms, the migrant communities whowent to the US and the UK, or to any other European states had strong belief intheir religion in which they might not be contaminated by the secular ideology inthe Western countries. In this respect, the phenomenology of religion in internationalrelations is a relatively new and surprising. Accordingly, this paper aims atinvestigating the implications of the emergence of trans-national religious groupsfor international relations. The paper will argue that the rise of trans-nationalreligious groups has produced a profound impact on international relations. Thefactors that influenced this transformation in international relations is the contemporaryprocesses of globalization which scholars argue, are pivotal to bringingreligion to the centre stage of international relations. In order to deepen theunderstanding of this process, two case scenarios will be analyzed, namely, theSikh Diasporas and the imagined Islamic community, the umma. In this paper, ithas been argued that the rise of trans-national religious actors may affect statesovereignty in one way or another. Under secular ideology, the role of religion ismarginalized from the public sphere, in particular, the domain of politics and religion is being obviously separated. This separation, according to both groups,is problematic. It is therefore, the emergence of Islamic and Sikh communities isconsidered by some liberal democratic countries like India as a peril to its statesovereignty. In Islamic doctrines, the Muslims hold a principle in din wa dawla,the unity of state and religion, while in Sikhism, the Sikhs have to trust miri andpiri, the unification of religious and political institution.Masyarakat transnasional atau dalam terma lain disebut juga sebagai masyarakatmigran yang menetap di Amerika dan Inggris, atau ke negara-negara Eropalainnya memiliki keyakinan yang kuat terhadap agama mereka dan tidakterkontaminasi oleh ideologi sekuler Barat. Pada konteks ini, fenomenologi agamadalam perspektif hubungan internasional merupakan kajian baru dan menarikuntuk dibahas. Berdasarkan hal tersebut, makalah ini bertujuan untuk menyelidikiimplikasi dari munculnya kelompok trans-nasional tersebut terhadap kajianhubungan internasional. Makalah ini berasumsi bahwa munculnya kelompok sosialkeagamaan yang bersifat trans-nasional berdampak besar terhadap hubunganinternasional. Faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi perubahan ini adalah prosesglobalisasi yang menarik agama ke dalam pola hubungan internasional. Untuklebih jelasnya, dua skenario kasus akan dianalisis, yaitu Diaspora Sikh dan konsepsi‘keummatan’ dalam Islam. Dalam pembahasan makalah ini, didapati bahwamunculnya kelompok masyarakat trans-nasional dapat mengancam kedaulatansuatu negara dalam berbagai bentuknya. Dalam ideologi sekuler, peran agamatermarjinalkan dari ruang publik, khususnya ranah politik. Pemisahan ini, menurutkedua kelompok tersebut, memiliki sejumlah permasalahan. Oleh karena itu,munculnya masyarakat transnasional Islam dan Sikh dianggap oleh beberapanegara demokrasi liberal seperti India sebagai ancaman bagi kedaulatan negara.Dalam perspektif Islam, prinsip din wa dawlah merupakan konsepsi kesatuannegara dan agama, sementara dalam ajaran Sikhisme, doktrin miri piri, merupakankonsepsi penyatuan lembaga keagamaan dan politik.

  11. The kulaks assertion of Mao between the final form of the socialist transformation of agriculture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈君锋

    2013-01-01

    In the transition period, Mao's attitudes to the kulak and kulak economy turned a few degrees. This article at-tempts to elaborate on the whole process of saving the rich peasant economy economically, and remaining neutral kulak politically at the formation beginning of the People's Republic, moreover,this article also analyses its causes, in order to understand the initial conditions of the attitude to the kulak policy conversion.

  12. L’assertion, ou les formes discursives de l’engagement

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    Dans une formule célèbre Simone de Beauvoir définissait l’engagement comme « la présence totale de l’écrivain à l’écriture ». Evoquant Esprit et les Temps modernes, Roland Barthes parlait à son tour, mais en mauvaise part, d’un « langage professionnel de la présence ». Entendu comme modalité du discours l’engagement suppose en effet une implication (l’écrivain prête sa substance à son écriture), une responsabilité et un rapport à l’avenir de son discours (il accepte d’être embarqué et contrai...

  13. Evaluating Security Requirements in a General-Purpose Processor by Combining Assertion Checkers with Code Coverage

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-01

    some some DFA Minimization partial 3 Full Boolean-Layer Optimization 3 VHDL and Verilog Output 3 B. The Property Specification Language The Property...used in functional verification of processor designs in hardware design language (HDL) format, such as VHDL or Verilog. For a detailed look at PSL, the...boolean simplifica- tions, and support for both VHDL and Verilog output. Because the method uses automata as an intermediate representation, we also

  14. [Different aspects of the cognitive activities of patients with schizophrenia. IV. Imbalance between assertions and negations].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blein, G; Azorin, J M; Dufour, H; Tissot, R

    1990-12-01

    Not being able to equilibrate affirmations and negations, the schizophrenic patient accedes only exceptionally to the majoring equilibrations of the second and third levels. In the logico-mathematic field, he does not approach the constructive synthetizing generalisations of reasoning. Lacking reflective abstraction, he cannot balance his logico-mathematic reasoning and differentiate what is structurally possible from what is materially possible, thus explaining his inaccessibility to perceive logic necessities, contrasting with the certainties of his delirium. In the logico-experimental domain, he reaches only rarely clause reasoning generalisation, and relapses regularly to the level of inappropriate generalisations of the extended inductive type. It is useless to try to find the "primum movens" of his difficulties, either in his imbalance assimilation/accommodation, or in his impossibility to see his contradictions, or even in his incapacity to equilibrate affirmations and negations. The majoring equilibrations, of which he is unable, are the functional expression of structures which do not follow the linear causality of Laplace's determinism but the circular causality characteristic of teleonomic processes. After a month of neuroleptic treatment, the decompensated schizophrenic's balance between assimilation and accommodation is partially restored.

  15. Duration of assertive community treatment and the interpretation of routine outcome data

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kortrijk, Hans E.; Mulder, Cornelis L.; Drukker, Marjan; Wiersma, Durk; Duivenvoorden, Hugo J.

    2012-01-01

    Objective: Statistical inferences based on routine outcome monitoring data are susceptible to biases. Because this process may be influenced by differences in attrition and treatment duration, we wished to gain an insight into the relationship between treatment duration and clinical outcome. Method:

  16. Sweden and the making of nuclear non-proliferation: from indecision to assertiveness

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dassen, L. van [Uppsala Univ. (Sweden). Dept. of Peace and Conflict Research

    1998-03-01

    Swedish research on nuclear weapons started at a modest scale in 1945 but was soon expanded. By the early 1950s the research programme started to face some of the problems that were going to accompany it for the rest of its life: different priorities and cost-estimates were made by the sectors that wanted to develop nuclear energy and those working on the bomb. Moreover, an introduction of nuclear weapons would lead to a major redistribution of resources to the disadvantage of the navy and army. The public and political debates intensified during the 1950s and culminated in 1960. At first, pro-nuclear voices had been strongest but were soon challenged by interest groups, unions and peace movements. 1960, a committee within the government had established a compromise: Nuclear weapons research for production of weapons would be terminated, while research on the consequences of nuclear weapons would continue. It was a cosmetic decision that could cover for a continued research on weapons design. Nevertheless, there are some general qualities from the debates that indicate why the outcome was that Sweden signed the NPT in 1968. First, the number of interested persons, groups movements and party politicians engaged in the issue increased every time the issue came up. Secondly, the segments of society that supported the nuclear option remained roughly the same. No strong movements rallied to the defence of this position. On the other hand, the anti-nuclear wing received more and more followers. Third, there was a marked tendency by virtually all actors (except the military) to include every sign of progress in international disarmament and non-proliferation efforts as arguments against Swedish proliferation. Since 1968, the non-proliferation choice has ben manifested through Sweden``s adherence to the NPT and this has been accompanied by a strong commitment to other non-proliferation initiatives. Refs.

  17. The Confidence Information Ontology: a step towards a standard for asserting confidence in annotations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bastian, Frederic B; Chibucos, Marcus C; Gaudet, Pascale; Giglio, Michelle; Holliday, Gemma L; Huang, Hong; Lewis, Suzanna E; Niknejad, Anne; Orchard, Sandra; Poux, Sylvain; Skunca, Nives; Robinson-Rechavi, Marc

    2015-01-01

    Biocuration has become a cornerstone for analyses in biology, and to meet needs, the amount of annotations has considerably grown in recent years. However, the reliability of these annotations varies; it has thus become necessary to be able to assess the confidence in annotations. Although several resources already provide confidence information about the annotations that they produce, a standard way of providing such information has yet to be defined. This lack of standardization undermines the propagation of knowledge across resources, as well as the credibility of results from high-throughput analyses. Seeded at a workshop during the Biocuration 2012 conference, a working group has been created to address this problem. We present here the elements that were identified as essential for assessing confidence in annotations, as well as a draft ontology--the Confidence Information Ontology--to illustrate how the problems identified could be addressed. We hope that this effort will provide a home for discussing this major issue among the biocuration community. Tracker URL: https://github.com/BgeeDB/confidence-information-ontology Ontology URL: https://raw.githubusercontent.com/BgeeDB/confidence-information-ontology/master/src/ontology/cio-simple.obo

  18. Polarity particle responses as a window onto the interpretation of questions and assertions

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Roelofsen, F.; Farkas, D.F.

    2015-01-01

    This article provides an account of the distribution and interpretation of polarity particles in responses, starting with yes and no in English, and then extending the coverage to their crosslinguistic kin. Polarity particles are used in responses to both declarative and interrogative sentences, and

  19. City branding : An effective assertion of identity or a transitory marketing trick?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kavaratzis, M; Ashworth, GJ

    2005-01-01

    Cities throughout Europe are increasingly importing the concept and techniques of product branding for use within place marketing, in pursuit of wider urban management goals, especially within the new conditions created by European integration. However, there is as yet little consensus about the nat

  20. Use of routine outcome monitoring data for evaluating assertive community treatment

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    H.E. Kortrijk (Hans Erik)

    2013-01-01

    textabstractThis thesis presents data on outcomes in patients with a severe mental illness (SMI) treated in ACT-teams, and is organized into five successive parts. Part I states our underlying contention and sets out our theoretical orientation. For readability purposes, Part I starts with discussin

  1. 77 FR 109 - Inquiry To Learn Whether Businesses Assert Business Confidentiality Claims Regarding Waste Import...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-03

    ...) 564-8186; email address: kreisler.eva@epa.gov . SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Today's notice relates to... requests for information in EPA database systems and/or contained in one or more of the following documents... today's notice. They consist of any business that actually submitted information responsive to a...

  2. 76 FR 362 - Inquiry To Learn Whether Businesses Assert Business Confidentiality Claims

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-04

    ...) 564-8186; e-mail address: kreisler.eva@epa.gov . SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Today's notice relates to... ``consignees,'' \\3\\ of the requests for information in EPA database systems and/or contained in one or more of... this information by mail to the address identified in the ADDRESSES section of today's notice...

  3. 78 FR 2669 - Waste Import and Export; Inquiry To Learn Whether Businesses Assert Business Confidentiality Claims

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-14

    ...) 564-8186; email address: kreisler.eva@epa.gov . SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Today's notice relates to... requests for information in EPA database systems and/or contained in one or more of the following documents... its database systems information that was originally contained in documents from submitting...

  4. 77 FR 25475 - Inquiry To Learn Whether Businesses Assert Business Confidentiality Claims Regarding Waste Import...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-30

    ...) 564-8186; email address: kreisler.eva@epa.gov . SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Today's notice relates to... requests for information in EPA database systems and/or contained in one or more of the following documents... submit this information by mail to the address identified in the ADDRESSES section of today's notice...

  5. 75 FR 44951 - Inquiry To Learn Whether Businesses Assert Business Confidentiality Claims

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-30

    ...) 564-8186; e-mail address: kreisler.eva@epa.gov . SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Today's notice relates to... ``consignees,'' \\3\\ of the requests for information in EPA database systems and/or contained in one or more of... organize into its database systems information that was originally contained in documents from...

  6. 75 FR 4812 - Inquiry To Learn Whether Businesses Assert Business Confidentiality Claims

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-29

    ... INFORMATION: Today's notice relates to any documents or data in the following areas: (1) Export of Resource...\\ of the requests for information in EPA database systems and/or contained in one or more of the... today's notice. They consist of any business that actually submitted information responsive to a...

  7. Evaluation on how to use SystemVerilog as a design and assertion language

    OpenAIRE

    2006-01-01

    SystemVerilog är det första design och verifieringsspråk som har standardiserats och dess syfte är att bemöta de krav som kommer med den komplexitet dagens chip har. SystemVerilog är en expansion till det hårdvarubeskrivande språket Verilog-2001 och det har en rad bra funktioner för både design och verifiering. För tillfället finns det dock ingen definition på vilka delar av språket som kan användas för konstruktion och verktygstillverkarna kan själva bestämma vad som kan användas för syntes....

  8. News for Consumer Citizens: Corporate Pressure, Political Criticism and Middle Class Assertion in the Indian Media

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ursula Rao

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Mass media have always played a crucial role for negotiating the image of the nation. This holds true also for India. My article reflects changes in the Indian media market and examines how reshaped media outlets contribute towards generating fresh images of the nation for public consumption. The focus is on English language newspapers which are consumed by the growing Indian middle classes. How do newspapers influence the relation between commerce and politics and shape its public images? The case study elaborates the role journalists play towards shaping a public culture that devalues politics and hails consumerism. I argue that in a high pressure corporate environment reporters find a new voice as political commentators while accommodating within a discursive formation that promotes positive thinking about corporations, markets and commodities. News articles are an uneasy compromise that implement companies’ directives, realise a critical political ethos and expresse a longing for a new India.

  9. QoS Assertion in MANET Routing based on Trusted AODV (ST-AODV

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sridhar Subramanian

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Mobile ad hoc network is a standalone network capab le of autonomous operation where nodes communicate with each other without the need of any existing infrastructure. They are self configuring , autonomous, quickly deployable and operate without infrastructure. Mobile ad hoc networks consist of nodes that cooperate to provide connectivity and ar e free to move and organize randomly. Every node is router or an end host, in general autonomous and sh ould be capable of routing traffic as destination nodes sometimes might be out of range. Nodes are mo bile since topology is very dynamic and they have limited energy and computing resources . These nodes are often vulnerable to failure thus m aking mobile ad hoc networks open to threats and attacks. Commun ication in MANET relies on mutual trust between the participating nodes but the features of MANET m ake this hard. Nodes sometimes fail to transmit and start dropping packets during the transmission. Suc h nodes are responsible for untrustworthy routing. A trust based scheme can be used to track these untru stworthy nodes and isolate them from routing, thus provide trustworthiness. In this paper a trusted AO DV (ST-AODV protocol is presented which assigns a trust value for each node. Nodes are allowed to par ticipate in routing based on their trust values. A threshold value is assigned and if the nodes trust value is greater than this value its marked as trustworthy node and allowed to participate in rout ing else the node is marked untrustworthy. The ST- AODV increases PDR and decreases delay thereby enha ncing the QoS metrics and trustworthiness in AODV based MANET routing. The work is implemented a nd simulated on NS-2. The simulation result shows the proposed ST-AODV provides more trustworth y routing compared with general AODV in presence of packet dropping nodes in MANET.

  10. Asserting the Right to Play. Women’s Football in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brus, Anne Birgitte; Trangbæk, Else

    2004-01-01

    In 1970 the Danish Football club Boldklubben Femina (BK Femina) became unofficial world champions. The success of BK Femina women's football team was not a coincidence and should be placed in the context of a ten-year struggle to have football accepted as a sport for women in Denmark. This essay...... examines three consecutive periods in Danish women's football: the establishment of women's football in Denmark before 1970; the time of women's admission to the Danish Football Association (DBU) in 1970–72; and finally, the development of women's football in the DBU from 1972 to 2002....

  11. Psychosocial child adjustment and family functioning in families reached with an assertive outreach intervention

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    C. Rots-de Vries; I. van de Goor; K. Stronks; H. Garretsen

    2011-01-01

    Families who experience a chronic complex of socio-economic and psychosocial problems are hard to reach with mainstream care. Evidence exists that the core of this problem is a problematic interaction between this type of family and current systems of care and services. To improve access to problem

  12. Asserting National Sovereignty in Cyberspace: The Case for Internet Border Inspection

    Science.gov (United States)

    2003-06-01

    Beach Hillsboro Coos Bay Bandon San Francisco Manchester Monterey Morro Bay San Luis Obispo Grover Beach Santa Barbara Los Angeles San Diego Tijuana ...Juan St Croix Internal to US Territory External to US Territory Vero Beach Boca Raton Hollywood N. Miami Beach On the Pacific coast, 12 trans...Whittier Valdez Juneau Oahu Stations Spencer Beach Source: TeleGeography research, Submarine Bandwidth 2002 Internal to US Territory External to US

  13. Use of Statechart Assertions for Modeling Human-in-the-Loop Security Analysis and Decision-Making Processes

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-01

    THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK xv LIST OF ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS BPM Business Process Model BPMN Business Process Modeling Notation C&A...checking leads to an improvement in the quality and success of enterprise software development. Business Process Modeling Notation ( BPMN ) is an...emerging standard that allows business processes to be captured in a standardized format. BPMN lacks formal semantics which leaves many of its features

  14. Pausing and activating thread state upon pin assertion by external logic monitoring polling loop exit time condition

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chen, Dong; Giampapa, Mark; Heidelberger, Philip; Ohmacht, Martin; Satterfield, David L; Steinmacher-Burow, Burkhard; Sugavanam, Krishnan

    2013-05-21

    A system and method for enhancing performance of a computer which includes a computer system including a data storage device. The computer system includes a program stored in the data storage device and steps of the program are executed by a processer. The processor processes instructions from the program. A wait state in the processor waits for receiving specified data. A thread in the processor has a pause state wherein the processor waits for specified data. A pin in the processor initiates a return to an active state from the pause state for the thread. A logic circuit is external to the processor, and the logic circuit is configured to detect a specified condition. The pin initiates a return to the active state of the thread when the specified condition is detected using the logic circuit.

  15. Five-year cohort study of Nosema spp. in Germany: does climate shape virulence and assertiveness of Nosema ceranae?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gisder, Sebastian; Hedtke, Kati; Möckel, Nadine; Frielitz, Marie-Charlotte; Linde, Andreas; Genersch, Elke

    2010-05-01

    Nosema ceranae and Nosema apis are two fungal pathogens belonging to the phylum Microsporidia and infecting the European honeybee, Apis mellifera. Recent studies have suggested that N. ceranae is more virulent than N. apis both at the individual insect level and at the colony level. Severe colony losses could be attributed to N. ceranae infections, and an unusual form of nosemosis is caused by this pathogen. In the present study, data from a 5-year cohort study of the prevalence of Nosema spp. in Germany, involving about 220 honeybee colonies and a total of 1,997 samples collected from these colonies each spring and autumn and analyzed via species-specific PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP), are described. Statistical analysis of the data revealed no relation between colony mortality and detectable levels of infection with N. ceranae or N. apis. In addition, N. apis is still more prevalent than N. ceranae in the cohort of the German bee population that was analyzed. A possible explanation for these findings could be the marked decrease in spore germination that was observed after even a short exposure to low temperatures (+4 degrees C) for N. ceranae only. Reduced or inhibited N. ceranae spore germination at low temperatures should hamper the infectivity and spread of this pathogen in climatic regions characterized by a rather cold winter season.

  16. Evaluation of the Emotional Education Program "Happy 8-12" for the Assertive Resolution of Conflicts among Peers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Filella, G.; Cabello, E.; Pérez-Escoda, N.; Ros-Morente, A.

    2016-01-01

    Introduction: Coexistence in schools inevitably implies conflicts among peers, which can have a negative impact in both the students' well-being and their academic achievement. In this sense, the main objective of the present article is to introduce and describe the evaluation of the Training Program in Emotional Management Happy 8-12. This…

  17. Assessment of the Effectiveness of Extracorporeal Shock Wave Therapy (ESWT) For Soft Tissue Injuries (ASSERT): An Online Database Protocol

    OpenAIRE

    Maffulli, G; Hemmings, Steph; Maffulli, Nicola

    2014-01-01

    Background Soft tissue injuries and tendinopathies account for large numbers of chronic musculoskeletal disorders. Extracorporeal shockwave therapy (ESWT) is popular, and effective in the management of chronic tendon conditions in the elbow, shoulder, and pain at and around the heel. Methods/Design Ethical approval was granted from the South East London Research Ethics Committee to implement a database for the Assessment of Effectiveness of Extracorporeal Shock Wave Therapy for Soft Tis...

  18. Simone De Beauvoir's Ethics and Postmodern Ambiguity: The Assertion of Freedom in the Face of the Absurd.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Slattery, Patrick; Morris, Marla

    1999-01-01

    Despite de Beauvoir's language of bifurcations in her writings, she actually initiates a process of deconstructing Cartesian distinctions between the individual and society, past and present, present and future, means and ends, and ethics and freedom. The paper reconceptualizes her book, "The Ethics of Ambiguity," proposing a movement…

  19. Design and Construction of an Entity Resolution System that Supports Entity Identity Information Management and Asserted Resolution

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nelson, Eric Derrand

    2011-01-01

    This work describes the design and construction of an open source, entity resolution system that enables users to assign and maintain persistent identifiers for master data items. Two key features of this system that are not available in current ER systems and that make persistent identification possible are (1) The capture and management of…

  20. ASSERT Progress Report for Contract N00014-85-J-1240 (Dept. of Integrative Biology, Univ. of California)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-05-31

    original proposal was submitted. Mauricio Schabes proposed to investigate the hydrodynamic consequences of deploying particle- capturing devices on flexible...in water. M. Schabes completed his project sooner than anticipated. When I asked the Scientific Officer for this AASERT at O.N.R. (R. S. Alberte...what I should do about the funds that had been earmarked for Schabes in the proposal, he instructed me to use those funds to support other graduate

  1. More Jabber about the Collatz Conjecture and a Closed Form for Detecting Cycles on Special Subsequences [Assertion: Collatz cycles

    CERN Document Server

    Lynch, Thomas W

    2011-01-01

    Professor Cadogan at the University of the West Indies identified special starting points that yield long subsequences where the normalization constant, k, is always one. I studied these special sequences and found an implicit mixed integer equation in closed form which if solved would produce seed values in cycling subsequences. Such cycles only occur among extremely large numbers, causing the equation to be difficult to solve numerically.

  2. It's Not About the Failure of Catholic Schools: Its About Demographic Transformations; More Assertions Not Backed By Data.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baker, David P.; Riordan, Cornelius; Greeley, Andrew

    1999-01-01

    Baker and Riordan express disappointment with Father Greeley's sharp comments concerning their September 1998 "Kappan" article. Their major point was that 1990s Catholic schools are no longer educating the disadvantaged, due to changing demographics. Father Greeley's second rebuttal deplores Baker and Riordan's gratuitous scholarship and…

  3. Picking up the mantle of “expert”: Assigned roles, assertion of identity, and peer recognition within a programming class

    OpenAIRE

    Fields, Deborah A.; Enyedy, N

    2013-01-01

    Changing an established role in a classroom is difficult. It involves constructing a new set of relations within a community. In this article we investigate how students with newly developed interest and experience in programming developed outside the classroom pick up and establish their roles as experts in programming within the classroom community. More specifically, we focus on how two 11-year-old software designers shifted their established roles in their classroom to gain status as expe...

  4. Picking Up the Mantle of "Expert": Assigned Roles, Assertion of Identity, and Peer Recognition within a Programming Class

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fields, Deborah; Enyedy, Noel

    2013-01-01

    Changing an established role in a classroom is difficult. It involves constructing a new set of relations within a community. In this article we investigate how students with newly developed interest and experience in programming developed outside the classroom pick up and establish their roles as experts in programming within the classroom…

  5. Nuclear. In China, the CEA asserts itself as a team leader; Nucleaire: en Chine, le CEA s'impose en meneur de jeu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dupin, L.

    2011-03-15

    As the French government gave the CEA the responsibility of negotiating the nuclear French-Chinese nuclear strategic partnership, this article outlines the personality of the CEA's chairman, Bernard Bigot, but also the tensions which exist between the two main actors of the French nuclear industry, EDF and Areva, notably about their respective projects of development of a new reactor with China as far as EDF is concerned, and with Japan as far as Areva is concerned. In fact, China is asking France, not to build new reactors but to improve the performance and the safety in the existing ones

  6. Comparison of changes in bone density and turnover with abacavir-lamivudine versus tenofovir-emtricitabine in HIV-infected adults: 48-week results from the ASSERT study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stellbrink, Hans-Jürgen; Orkin, Chloe; Arribas, Jose Ramon;

    2010-01-01

    Abacavir-lamivudine and tenofovir DF-emtricitabine fixed-dose combinations are commonly used as first-line antiretroviral therapies. However, few studies have comprehensively compared their relative safety profiles....

  7. The Ascendance of Iran: A Study of the Emergence of an Assertive Iranian Foreign Policy and Its Impact on Iranian-Soviet Relations

    Science.gov (United States)

    1979-06-01

    p. 1. Monroe, Elizabeth, ed. The Changing Balance of Power in the Persian Gulf. New York: American Universities Field Staff, 1977. Mosca , Gaetano . The...Ibid., p. 63. 2o.Zonsi, 126. Billy PoliticS of Iran, p. 10. GOaetano Mosca . The-Ruling Class. Translated by la-mnah D. Kahn. (New York2 1939) p. 345. 20

  8. Chiral discrimination asserted by enantiomers of Ni (II), Cu (II) and Zn (II) Schiff base complexes in DNA binding, antioxidant and antibacterial activities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khan, Noor-ul Hasan; Pandya, Nirali; Prathap, K Jeya; Kureshy, Rukhsana Ilays; Abdi, Sayed Hasan Razi; Mishra, Sandhya; Bajaj, Hari Chandra

    2011-10-15

    Chiral Schiff base ligands (S)-H(2)L and (R)-H(2)L and their complexes (S-Ni-L, R-Ni-L, S-Cu-L, R-Cu-L, S-Zn-L and R-Zn-L) were synthesized, characterized and examined for their DNA binding, antioxidant and antibacterial activities. The complexes showed higher binding affinity to calf thymus DNA with binding constant ranging from 2.0×10(5) to 4.5×10(6) M(-1). All the complexes also exhibited remarkable superoxide (56-99%) and hydroxyl scavenging (45-89%) activities as well as antibacterial activities against gram (+) and gram (-) bacteria. However, none of the complexes showed antifungal activity. Conclusively, S enantiomers of the complexes were found to be relatively more efficient for DNA interaction, antioxidant and antibacterial activities than their R enantiomers. This study reveals the possible utilization of chiral Schiff base complexes for pharmaceutical applications.

  9. Debunking 'race' and asserting social determinants as primary causes of cancer health disparities: outcomes of a science education activity for teens.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Márquez-Magaña, Leticia; Samayoa, Cathy; Umanzor, Carol

    2013-06-01

    Cancer health disparities are often described as the unequal burden of cancer deaths in one racial/ethnic group compared to another. For example, national cancer statistics in the USA shows that Blacks die the most for 9 of the top 10 cancers in men and women. When asked about the underlying causes for this disparity, teen participants speculated that it is primarily due to genetics or biology. This speculation appears to be based on a false concept of 'race.' A science activity was created to counter the false concept that genetics/biology underlie the categorization of humans into different 'races.' This activity provided teen participants with first-hand evidence of how they are all related at one genetic locus, and how they are more genetically related across racial/ethnic groups than within them. Results of surveys given before and after the activity show that they change their perceptions of 'race.' Before the activity, they view themselves as most related at the genetic level to 1-2 well-known individuals (i.e., celebrities) who they perceive as members of their own 'race' mainly because of similar appearance. After the activity, they view themselves as related to more/all the celebrities or they state that they do not know to whom they are most related. This increased awareness of the uncertainty between the apparent 'race' of an individual and their genetics drives teens to dismiss genetics or biology as the primary cause of racial/ethnic disparities in cancer outcomes. Instead, they consider the unequal distribution of the social determinants of health as the primary cause of cancer disparities.

  10. Heparin-Based Coacervate of FGF2 Improves Dermal Regeneration by Asserting a Synergistic Role with Cell Proliferation and Endogenous Facilitated VEGF for Cutaneous Wound Healing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Jiang; Ye, Jingjing; Zhu, Jingjing; Xiao, Zecong; He, Chaochao; Shi, Hongxue; Wang, Yadong; Lin, Cai; Zhang, Hongyu; Zhao, Yingzheng; Fu, Xiaobing; Chen, Hong; Li, Xiaokun; Li, Lin; Zheng, Jie; Xiao, Jian

    2016-06-13

    Effective wound healing requires complicated, coordinated interactions and responses at protein, cellular, and tissue levels involving growth factor expression, cell proliferation, wound closure, granulation tissue formation, and vascularization. In this study, we develop a heparin-based coacervate consisting of poly(ethylene argininylaspartate digylceride) (PEAD) as a storage matrix, heparin as a bridge, and fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF2) as a cargo (namely heparin-FGF2@PEAD) for wound healing. First, in vitro characterization demonstrates the loading efficiency and control release of FGF2 from the heparin-FGF2@PEAD coacervate. The following in vivo studies examine the wound healing efficiency of the heparin-FGF2@PEAD coacervate upon delivering FGF2 to full-thickness excisional skin wounds in vivo, in comparison with the other three control groups with saline, heparin@PEAD as vehicle, and free FGF2. Collective in vivo data show that controlled release of FGF2 to the wounds by the coacervate significantly accelerates the wound healing by promoting cell proliferation, stimulating the secretion of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) for re-epithelization, collagen deposition, and granulation tissue formation, and enhancing the expression of platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule (CD31) and alpha-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) for blood vessel maturation. In parallel, no obvious wound healing effect is found for the control, vehicle, and free FGF2 groups, indicating the important role of the coavervate in the wound healing process. This work designs a suitable delivery system that can protect and release FGF2 in a sustained and controlled manner, which provides a promising therapeutic potential for topical treatment of wounds.

  11. Comparison of changes in bone density and turnover with abacavir-lamivudine versus tenofovir-emtricitabine in HIV-infected adults: 48-week results from the ASSERT study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stellbrink, Hans-Jürgen; Orkin, Chloe; Arribas, Jose Ramon;

    2010-01-01

    Abacavir-lamivudine and tenofovir DF-emtricitabine fixed-dose combinations are commonly used as first-line antiretroviral therapies. However, few studies have comprehensively compared their relative safety profiles.......Abacavir-lamivudine and tenofovir DF-emtricitabine fixed-dose combinations are commonly used as first-line antiretroviral therapies. However, few studies have comprehensively compared their relative safety profiles....

  12. Comparison of Changes in Bone Density and Turnover with Abacavir-Lamivudine versus Tenofovir-Emtricitabine in HIV-Infected Adults : 48-Week Results from the ASSERT Study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Stellbrink, Hans-Juergen; Orkin, Chloe; Arribas, Jose Ramon; Compston, Juliet; Gerstoft, Jan; Van Wijngaerden, Eric; Lazzarin, Adriano; Rizzardini, Giuliano; Sprenger, Herman G.; Lambert, John; Sture, Gunta; Leather, David; Hughes, Sara; Zucchi, Patrizia; Pearce, Helen

    2010-01-01

    Background. Abacavir-lamivudine and tenofovir DF-emtricitabine fixed-dose combinations are commonly used as first-line antiretroviral therapies. However, few studies have comprehensively compared their relative safety profiles. Methods. In this European, multicenter, open-label, 96-week study, antir

  13. Five-Year Cohort Study of Nosema spp. in Germany: Does Climate Shape Virulence and Assertiveness of Nosema ceranae?▿ †

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gisder, Sebastian; Hedtke, Kati; Möckel, Nadine; Frielitz, Marie-Charlotte; Linde, Andreas; Genersch, Elke

    2010-01-01

    Nosema ceranae and Nosema apis are two fungal pathogens belonging to the phylum Microsporidia and infecting the European honeybee, Apis mellifera. Recent studies have suggested that N. ceranae is more virulent than N. apis both at the individual insect level and at the colony level. Severe colony losses could be attributed to N. ceranae infections, and an unusual form of nosemosis is caused by this pathogen. In the present study, data from a 5-year cohort study of the prevalence of Nosema spp. in Germany, involving about 220 honeybee colonies and a total of 1,997 samples collected from these colonies each spring and autumn and analyzed via species-specific PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP), are described. Statistical analysis of the data revealed no relation between colony mortality and detectable levels of infection with N. ceranae or N. apis. In addition, N. apis is still more prevalent than N. ceranae in the cohort of the German bee population that was analyzed. A possible explanation for these findings could be the marked decrease in spore germination that was observed after even a short exposure to low temperatures (+4°C) for N. ceranae only. Reduced or inhibited N. ceranae spore germination at low temperatures should hamper the infectivity and spread of this pathogen in climatic regions characterized by a rather cold winter season. PMID:20228103

  14. Skew(er)ing Identities: the assertion of self in Gish Jen’s Mona in the promised land and Colson Whitehead’s Sag Harbor

    OpenAIRE

    Alves, Dorothy Mary

    2012-01-01

    Dissertação apresentada para cumprimento dos requisitos necessários à obtenção do grau de Mestre em Línguas Literatura e Cultura Através duma leitura pormenorizada dos textos em epígrafe e à luz da história norte-americana de opressão racial, a minha investigação destina-se a determinar em que medida Gish Jen e Colson Whitehead se sentem prezos do ‘nós’ das suas identidades étnicas, ou se por ventura, as suas obras são posições auto assertivos contra o determinismo hegemónico percepcionado...

  15. Rockeras en Chile: negación de la reivindicación Women Rock Musicians in Chile: Negation of Self-Assertion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guadalupe Becker

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available A través de un estudio comparativo de algunas rockeras nacionales, el presente trabajo busca reflexionar críticamente acerca del rol adjudicado a la mujer dentro de los círculos fuertemente masculinos que circundan este movimiento musical, junto con examinar cómo se refleja en performances y atributos musicales que responden a otros paradigmas simbólicos.Based on a comparative study of some women rock musicians from Chile, this article presents a critical reflection about the roles cast on women within the predominantly male rock circuits in Chile. Besides, an analysis is presented of the relationships of these roles with performances and musical attributes pertaining to other symbolic paradigms.

  16. Experimental Tests of PTAPS Performance in Three Types of Production System Structures. An Investigation of the Compatibility of a Platform-Track Association Production Subsystem with STAMMER 1, STAMMER 2, and ROSIE.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-09-17

    RETRIEVE3B TR ’MEMBER ’RTF) (SET[V N ( GENSYM ’F)) * Actions: ((ASSERT TR ’MEMBER IRTF) (ASSERT ’RTF ’MEMBER* TR) (ASSERT N ’ORFILE TR) ( ASSERT TR IORFILE* N...8217EMITTEDINREGION) (SETQ N ( GENSYM ’E))) Actions: ((ASSERT S ’MEMBER ’REF) (ASSERT ’REF ’MEMBER* S) (ASSERT N ’ORFILE S) (ASSERT S ’ORFILE* N)) Impos-Emitter

  17. Mestiçagem, igualdade e afirmação da diferença: pensando a política de cotas na universidade Miscegenation, equality and asserting differences: thinking on quota policies in the university

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandra Azeredo

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available Escrito num momento em que no Brasil a mestiçagem estava na ordem do dia, pela relação que se estabelecia entre ela e a questão das cotas nas universidades para pessoas pobres, negras e indígenas, contida no anteprojeto de reforma universitária proposto pelo Ministério da Educação, este ensaio se inspirou no trabalho de Gloria Anzaldúa no sentido de contribuir para o debate sobre a introdução de cotas, através da discussão da noção de mestiçagem, analisando a fundamentação do anteprojeto formulada pelo então ministro da Educação, Tarso Genro, e por Boaventura de Sousa Santos e quatro textos publicados na época com posições contrárias à introdução de cotas. Tomando como base o conceito de consciência mestiça de Anzaldúa, o ensaio termina por argumentar que a reforma pressupõe uma reestruturação profunda da universidade, que está em crise justamente por seu caráter excludente ao longo de sua história.This essay was written during the intense debate in Brazil around the introduction of affirmative action in the public universities according to a project proposed by the Ministry of Education. Inspired in the work of Gloria Anzaldúa, this article contributes to the debate by discussing the notion of miscegenation. The essay analyzes some texts that argue in favor of the Ministry's project, as well texts that present a dissenting view. Taking as its point of departure Anzaldúa's concept of consciencia mestiza, the essay contends that to introduce a project of affirmative action in the public university system in Brazil requires a radical restructuring of the university, since the crises that confronts this institution emanates from its exclusionary practices.

  18. Judicial Assertion of Problems of Bribery Crime for Non-government Employees%非国家工作人员受贿罪客观方面的司法认定

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑高键; 谢杰

    2010-01-01

    由于对非国家工作人员受贿罪和受贿罪在客观方面的表述不尽相同,也使非国家工作人员受贿罪在客观方面认定上存在一定争议.对非国家工作人员受贿罪在客观方面刑法适用具体问题进行探讨,期待对非国家工作人员受贿罪的司法适用更具有操作性.

  19. STAMMER2 Production System for Tactical Situation Assessment. Volume 2. Code.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1979-10-01

    MASSAGESPEC))) I (T (SETQ NEWFLG ( GENSYM ] (SETQ RESULTLIST (CONS NEWNODE RESULTLIST)) [PUTPROP NEWNODE (QUOTE DERIVE*) (CONS (REVERSE EV) (GETPROP...CAR (GETSTRIP ARGLIST] [SETQ REPLY (COND (NODENAME) (T ( GENSYM ] (SETQ ASSERTIONS (CONS REPLY ASSERTIONS)) (SET REPLY ARGLIST) (SAVEPULSAR REPLY) (SERT...set to zero.) (PROG (NEWNODE) [COND ((GETSTRIP SPEC) (RETURN (CAR (GETSTRIP SPEC] (SETQ NEWNODE ( GENSYM )) (SETQ ASSERTIONS (CONS NEWNODE ASSERTIONS

  20. 78 FR 61352 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-03

    ... communication since January 1, 2008 between the Firm and any investor or potential investor, financial or... asserting patents in the wireless communications sector, including manufacturers and other non-practicing... entities asserting patents in the wireless communications sector, including manufacturing...

  1. Normative studies with the Scale for Interpersonal Behaviour (SIB) : I. Nonpsychiatric social skills trainees

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Arrindell, WA; van der Ende, J; Sanderman, R; Oosterhof, L; Stewart, R; Lingsma, MM

    1999-01-01

    The Scale for Interpersonal Behavior (SIB) (Arrindell & Van der Ende, 1985) is a multidimensional self-report measure of state assertiveness. The SIE measures both discomfort (anxiety) associated with self-assertion in specific situations and the likelihood of engaging in a specific assertive respon

  2. In Defense of the Rational Credibility Account : A Reply to Casalegno

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Douven, Igor; Kelp, Christoph

    2012-01-01

    A majority of philosophers nowadays hold that the practice of assertion is governed by the rule that one must assert only what one knows. In his last published paper, Paolo Casalegno sides with this view and criticizes rival accounts of assertion on which rational belief or rational credibility will

  3. A Circuit Extraction System and Graphical Display for VLSI (Very Large Scale Integrated) Design.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-12-01

    drain ?source ? ? ?x ?y) (not (ntrans ? ?gate ?drain ?source ? ?)) (not (ntrans ? ?gate ?source ?drain ? ?)) (retract ?n) (assert (ntrans =( gensym ... gensym ) ?gate ?drain ?source ?x ?y))) ;; del-id-n deletes a n type transistor if it has already been asserted, with the same gate, source and drain...ptrans ? ?gate ?drain ?source ? ?)) (not (ptrans ? ?gate ?source ?drain ? ?)) (retract ?p) (assert (ptrans =( gensym ) ?gate ?drain ?source ?x ?y))) ;; del

  4. Extraction and Measurement of Multi-Level Parallelism in Productions Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-12-14

    tasks, such as piloting an aircraft, that trained humans do better than coimput- ers. Attempts to apply traditional computer programming approaches to...tasks traditionally requiring trained human operators. Although these applications are theoretically possible, current single processor computer...gate or ?inl ?in2 ?out) => ?in2 retract ?gate) bind ?x gensym ) bind ?y gensym ) (assert (gate inv ?inl ?x)) ?inut (assert (gate inv ?in2 ?y)) (assert

  5. 78 FR 63519 - New Postal Product

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-24

    ... revenue data. In the Statement of Supporting Justification, Dennis R. Nicoski, Manager, Field Sales Strategy and Contracts, asserts that the instant contract will cover its attributable costs, make...

  6. 40 CFR 49.7 - Request by an Indian tribe for eligibility determination and Clean Air Act program approval.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... resolutions that support the tribe's assertion of authority. (4) A narrative statement describing the... exercise the executive, legislative, and judicial functions of the tribal government; (iv) A description...

  7. 78 FR 37569 - Certain Kinesiotherapy Devices and Components Thereof Final Commission Determination of Violation...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-21

    ... of the following activities in the United States: importing, selling, marketing, advertising... section 337. The ALJ found, however, that the accused products infringe the asserted claims, that...

  8. 75 FR 45124 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-02

    ... techniques or other forms of information technology. Proposed Project: Program Evaluation for Assertive..., monitoring/coaching/mentoring/support for clinicians and supervisors, implementation calls and...

  9. A concentration inequality for product spaces

    OpenAIRE

    Dodos, Pandelis; Kanellopoulos, Vassilis; Tyros, Konstantinos

    2014-01-01

    We prove a concentration inequality which asserts that, under some mild regularity conditions, every random variable defined on the product of sufficiently many probability spaces exhibits pseudorandom behavior.

  10. 75 FR 66085 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Certification of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-27

    ...? Affected entities: As identified by their North American Industrial Classification System (NAICS) code... of anthrax-related pesticide products that assert claims to inactivate bacillus anthracis...

  11. 76 FR 58537 - In the Matter of Certain Personal Data and Mobile Communications Devices and Related Software...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-21

    ... were earlier asserted by Apple in Investigation No. 337- TA-704 against Nokia Corp. of Finland and Nokia Inc. of White Plains, New York (collectively, ``Nokia''). On motion by the Commission... Chief ALJ transferred Apple's assertion of overlapping patents against Nokia from the 704...

  12. Organic Insulation Materials, the Effect on Indoor Humidity, and the Necessity of a Vapor Barrier

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rode, Carsten

    1998-01-01

    Examples of organic insulation products are cellulose fiber, other plant fiber, and animal wool. These materials, which are all very hygroscopic, are associated with certain assertions about their building physical behavior that need to be verified.Examples of such assertions are: "A vapor barrie...

  13. Discourses of power in mathematics education research: Concepts and possibilities for action

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Valero, Paola

    2008-01-01

    Mathematics education is powerful. This is an assertion that appears often in mathematics education research papers. However, the meaning of the assertion is far from being clear. An analysis of different ways of talking about power in relation to mathematics education, in research literature, is...

  14. Disability and treatment of specific mental and physical disorders across the world

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ormel, Johan; Petukhova, Maria; Chatterji, Somnath; Aguilar-Gaxiola, Sergio; Alonso, Jordi; Angermeyer, Matthias C.; Bromet, Evelyn J.; Burger, Huibert; Demyttenaere, Koen; de Girolamo, Giovanni; Maria Haro, Josep; Hwang, Irving; Karam, Elie; Kawakami, Norito; Lepine, Jean Pierre; Elena Medina-Mora, Maria; Posada-Villa, Jose; Sampson, Nancy; Scott, Kate; Uestuen, T. Bedirhan; Von Korff, Michael; Williams, David R.; Zhang, Mingyuan; Kessler, Ronald C.

    2008-01-01

    Background Advocates of expanded mental health treatment assert that mental disorders are as disabling as physical disorders, but little evidence supports this assertion. Aims To establish the disability and treatment of specific mental and physical disorders in high-income and low- and middle-incom

  15. Sports and Politics: Los Angeles Times' Coverage of the 1984 Summer Olympic Games.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salwen, Michael B.; Garrison, Bruce

    To investigate whether political assertions were interjected into American sports coverage of the 1984 Olympic games and which direction those assertions took, a study examined the Los Angeles Times' coverage of the games in its award-winning special supplement sections. The "Times" included these special supplements in its papers from July 22,…

  16. Black Teenage Pregnancy in South Africa: Some Considerations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cunningham, Peter W.; Boult, Brenda E.

    1996-01-01

    Asserts black teenage pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases in South Africa are at threatening levels. Outlines selected consequences based on the assertion that teenage pregnancy is multi-causational. Hypothesizes teenage pregnancy needs reexamination in terms of the pheronomal climate's impact on prepuberial girls; and nature's way of…

  17. Why Community Works: The Use of Alfred Adler's Individual Psychology as a Foundational Theory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Glenn, Robert K.; Keith, Edwin M.

    2002-01-01

    Asserts that the Individual Psychology of Alfred Adler should be used as a foundational theory for student affairs work. The success of community building programs is explained and the concepts of Individual Psychology are summarized. Also asserts that the current drive to develop programs to develop community on college campuses is firmly rooted…

  18. Can Law Become Curricula's Guidance Counselor?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goslin, Kimberly G.

    2008-01-01

    This article asserts that curricula, a living text, ought to take into consideration the virtues of fairness, justice, and integrity as found in law, in order to judge controversial issues of curriculum. This assertion is argued through a comparison of jurisprudence and pedagogy, as well as law and curricula. Dworkin's (1986) contention of "law as…

  19. How Mathematicians Obtain Conviction: Implications for Mathematics Instruction and Research on Epistemic Cognition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weber, Keith; Inglis, Matthew; Mejia-Ramos, Juan Pablo

    2014-01-01

    The received view of mathematical practice is that mathematicians gain certainty in mathematical assertions by deductive evidence rather than empirical or authoritarian evidence. This assumption has influenced mathematics instruction where students are expected to justify assertions with deductive arguments rather than by checking the assertion…

  20. The Effect of Personality Style and Team Organization on Team Performance

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-12-01

    of work, quantity of work, initiative, interpersonal skills, planning and allocation, commitment to the team, and overall team performance. The...which a person is outgoing and is willing to interact with other people. The facets of extraversion are warmth , gregariousness, assertiveness...Discipline Impulsiveness Deliberation Vulnerability Extraversion Warmth Gregariousness Assertiveness Avtivity Excitement-Seeking Positive Emotions Figure

  1. The Fundamental Theorem of Prevision. Technical Report No. 506. November 1987.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lad, F. R.; And Others

    B. De Finetti's "Fundamental Theorem of Probability" is reformulated as a computable linear programming problem. The theorem is substantially extended, and shown to have fundamental implications for the theory and practice of statistics. It supports an operational meaning for the partial assertion of prevision via asserted bounds. The…

  2. Parental Expression of Disappointment: Should It Be a Factor in Hoffman's Model of Parental Discipline?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patrick, Renee B.; Gibbs, John C.

    2007-01-01

    The authors addressed whether parental expression of disappointment should be included as a distinct factor in M. L. Hoffman's (2000) well-established typology of parenting styles (induction, love withdrawal, power assertion). Hoffman's 3-factor model, along with a more inclusive 4-factor model (induction, love withdrawal, power assertion, and…

  3. The "Psychosomatic Family" Reconsidered: Diabetes in Context--A Reply.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosman, Bernice L.; Baker, Lester

    1988-01-01

    Responds to the critical evaluation of Coyne and Anderson in the previous article, of "Psychosomatic Families: Anorexia Nervosa in Context" (Minuchin, Rosman, and Baker). Asserts that indeed certain very specifically defined diabetic patients' physiological disturbance serves a function in their families, an assertion strongly supported by…

  4. Early Attachment Organization Moderates the Parent-Child Mutually Coercive Pathway to Children's Antisocial Conduct

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kochanska, Grazyna; Barry, Robin A.; Stellern, Sarah A.; O'Bleness, Jessica J.

    2009-01-01

    This multimethod study of 101 mothers, fathers, and children elucidates poorly understood role of children's attachment security as "moderating" a common maladaptive trajectory: from parental power assertion, to child resentful opposition, to child antisocial conduct. Children's security was assessed at 15 months, parents' power assertion observed…

  5. Relations between Attachment, Gender, and Behavior with Peers in Preschool.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turner, Patricia J.

    1991-01-01

    Preschool children's security of attachment was assessed in the laboratory, and their interactions with peers were observed in the preschool. Insecure boys showed more aggressive, disruptive, assertive, and controlling behavior than secure children. Insecure girls showed more dependent and compliant behavior, and less assertive and controlling…

  6. Suicide Postvention as Suicide Prevention: Improvement and Expansion in the United States

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aguirre, Regina T. P.; Slater, Holli

    2010-01-01

    The authors asserted the need for increased postvention efforts for suicide survivors, individuals left behind to grieve the loss of a loved one by suicide, because they have an increased risk for suicide. Indeed, Shneidman (1972) asserted that suicide postvention efforts serve the dual purpose of assisting survivors through the grief process and…

  7. The Role of Affordances in the Evolutionary Process Reconsidered A Niche Construction Perspective

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Withagen, Rob; van Wermeskerken, Margot

    2010-01-01

    Gibson asserted that affordances are the primary objects of perception. Although this assertion is especially attractive when considered in the context of evolutionary theory, the role that affordances play in the evolution of animals' perceptual and action systems is still unclear. Trying to combin

  8. School Violence, the Media's Phanton Epidemic.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Best, Joel

    2002-01-01

    Argues that public perceptions of an epidemic of school violence are media-induced; asserts that violence in schools declined during the 1990s; supports assertion with evidence from the National School Safety Center; states the estimates of bullying in school are exaggerated. (PKP)

  9. Normative studies with the Scale for Interpersonal Behaviour (SIB) : III. Psychiatric inpatients

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Arrindell, W.A; Akkerman, A.; van der Ende, J.; Schreurs, P.J.G.; Brugman, A.; Stewart, R.E.; Bouhuys, A.; van Ooijen, N.; Bridges, K.Robert; Sanderman, R.

    2005-01-01

    The Scale for Interpersonal Behaviour (SIB), a multidimensional self-report measure of difficulty and distress in state assertiveness, was psychometrically evaluated in a large sample comprising 1242 unselected psychiatric inpatients. In addition to an overall measure of assertion, the SIB contains

  10. Housewives' Self-Esteem and Their Husbands' Success: The Myth of Vicarious Involvement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Macke, Anne Statham; And Others

    1979-01-01

    This study tests the common assertion that women, especially upper-middle-class housewives, vicariously experience their husbands' success. Findings for 121 mostly upper-middle-class housewives disprove this assertion. Husband's success does positively affect a housewife's self-esteem, but only indirectly, through its effect on perceived marital…

  11. Are Dual Enrollment Students College Ready? Evidence from the Wabash National Study of Liberal Arts Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    An, Brian P.; Taylor, Jason L.

    2015-01-01

    We examine whether dual enrolled students display greater levels of college readiness than nonparticipants. Advocates assert that dual enrollment improves students' college readiness, but despite these assertions, few researchers have evaluated this relationship. Moreover, researchers that do consider whether dual enrollment improves college…

  12. 48 CFR 52.233-1 - Disputes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    .... (c) Claim, as used in this clause, means a written demand or written assertion by one of the... demand or written assertion by the Contractor seeking the payment of money exceeding $100,000 is not a... to use alternative dispute resolution (ADR). If the Contractor refuses an offer for ADR,...

  13. The Role of Antisociality in the Psychopathy Construct: Comment on Skeem and Cooke (2010)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hare, Robert D.; Neumann, Craig S.

    2010-01-01

    J. Skeem and D. J. Cooke (2010) asserted that Hare and Neumann consider criminality to be an essential component of the psychopathy construct. The assertion, presented in the guise of a debate on the nature of psychopathy, is neither accurate nor consistent with the clinical and empirical literature on psychopathy to which Hare and Neumann have…

  14. Computer verification of the Ankeny-Artin-Chowla conjecture for all primes less than 100 000 000 000

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Poorten, A.J. van der; Riele, H.J.J. te; Williams, H.C.

    1999-01-01

    Let $p$ be a prime congruent to 1 modulo~4 and let $t, u$ be rational integers such that $(t+usqrt{p,)/2$ is the fundamental unit of the real quadratic field ${mathbb Q(sqrt{p,)$. The Ankeny-Artin-Chowla Conjecture (AACC) asserts that $p$ will not divide $u$. This is equivalent to the assertion th

  15. The Power of Porch Talk in Their Eyes Were Watching God

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李楠

    2013-01-01

    Porch talk, as a common setting in Their Eyes Were Watching God, is empowered by Zora Neale Hurston to make political and cultural assertion of African Americans and self-autonomy assertion of black female, providing the reader an authentic African American oral tradition and black heritage.

  16. Separation Logic

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Reynolds, John C.

    2002-01-01

    expressions) for accessing and modifying shared structures, and for explicit allocation and deallocation of storage. Assertions are extended by introducing a "separating conjunction" that asserts that its sub-formulas hold for disjoint parts of the heap, and a closely related "separating implication". Coupled......, dynamically allocated arrays, and recursive procedures. We will also discuss promising future directions....

  17. Agoraphobia Related to Unassertiveness in Panic Disorder.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Levitan, Michelle Nigri; Simoes, Pedro; Sardinha, Aline G; Nardi, Antonio E

    2016-05-01

    Despite developments in panic disorder (PD) research, a significant percentage of patients do not benefit from conventional treatments. Interpersonal factors have been identified as potential predictors of treatment failures. We aimed to evaluate assertiveness in a sample of patients with PD and its implications for treatment. Forty-six symptomatic patients with PD and 46 college students responded to assessment scales regarding assertiveness and clinical data. Seventy-five percent of the patients had a secondary diagnosis of agoraphobia. We found that the PD group was characterized as nonassertive and slightly less assertive than control subjects. Furthermore, the deficit in the level of assertiveness correlated with the severity of the PD. The diagnosis of agoraphobia was correlated with unassertiveness (p Agoraphobia predisposes individuals to dependency and insecurity about their ability to overcome anxiogenic situations. These data demonstrate the importance of managing assertiveness in patients with PD accompanied by agoraphobia.

  18. Goal preference shapes confrontations of sexism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mallett, Robyn K; Melchiori, Kala J

    2014-05-01

    Although most women assume they would confront sexism, assertive responses are rare. We test whether women's preference for respect or liking during interpersonal interactions explains this surprising tendency. Women report preferring respect relative to liking after being asked sexist, compared with inappropriate, questions during a virtual job interview (Study 1, n = 149). Women's responses to sexism increase in assertiveness along with their preference for being respected, and a respect-preference mediates the relation between the type of questions and response assertiveness (Studies 1 and 2). In Study 2 (n = 105), women's responses to sexist questions are more assertive when the sense of belonging is enhanced with a belonging manipulation. Moreover, preference for respect mediates the effect of the type of questions on response assertiveness, but only when belonging needs are met. Thus the likelihood of confrontation depends on the goal to be respected outweighing the goal to be liked.

  19. Predictive factors of alcohol and tobacco use in adolescents

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alicia Alvarez-Aguirre

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVES: to analyze the effect of self-esteem, assertiveness, self-efficacy and resiliency on alcohol and tobacco consumption in adolescents.METHOD: a descriptive and correlational study was undertaken with 575 adolescents in 2010. The Self-Esteem Scale, the Situational Confidence Scale, the Assertiveness Questionnaire and the Resiliency Scale were used.RESULTS: the adjustment of the logistic regression model, considering age, sex, self-esteem, assertiveness, self-efficacy and resiliency, demonstrates significance in the consumption of alcohol and tobacco. Age, resiliency and assertiveness predict alcohol consumption in the lifetime and assertiveness predicts alcohol consumption in the last year. Similarly, age and sex predict tobacco consumption in the lifetime and age in the last year.CONCLUSION: this study can offer important information to plan nursing interventions involving adolescent alcohol and tobacco users.

  20. Discursive Justification and Skepticism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gerken, Mikkel

    2012-01-01

    In this paper, I consider how a general epistemic norm of action that I have proposed in earlier work should be specified in order to govern certain types of acts: assertive speech acts. More specifically, I argue that the epistemic norm of assertion is structurally similar to the epistemic norm ......’s whereabouts. In conclusion, I briefly consider whether a type of skeptical argument—often labeled Agrippa’s Trilemma—is motivated, at least in part, by the fact that responses to it violate the relevant epistemic norm of assertion...

  1. Amending Contracts for Choreographies

    CERN Document Server

    Bocchi, Laura; Tuosto, Emilio; 10.4204/EPTCS.59.10

    2011-01-01

    Distributed interactions can be suitably designed in terms of choreographies. Such abstractions can be thought of as global descriptions of the coordination of several distributed parties. Global assertions define contracts for choreographies by annotating multiparty session types with logical formulae to validate the content of the exchanged messages. The introduction of such constraints is a critical design issue as it may be hard to specify contracts that allow each party to be able to progress without violating the contract. In this paper, we propose three methods that automatically correct inconsistent global assertions. The methods are compared by discussing their applicability and the relationships between the amended global assertions and the original (inconsistent) ones.

  2. A Plea for a Simple Solution

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Widell, Peter

    2010-01-01

    This paper presents a criticism of the classical speech act theory (Austin, Searle). In contrast to this theory, which operates with four to five types of basic illocutionary acts, I will argue for just one type: the assertive. Assertives are speech acts which can make locutions (propositions) tr...... and false. It is the major argument in the paper that the assertive is the only kind of illocution we need, and that any suggestion that it should be otherwise has bad consequences for ontology, logic and a decent theory of meaning....

  3. The functional asymmetry of negative and positive self-statements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Safran, J D

    1982-09-01

    Subjects were divided into high and low negative self-statement and high and low positive-self-statement groups on the basis of the assertiveness self-statement test (Schwartz & Gottman, 1976). High negative self-statement subjects reported more anxiety during assertion role plays than did low negative self-statement subjects and were rated by judges as exhibiting more non-verbal anxiety and performing less assertively than low negative self-statement subjects. Judges rated high positive self-statement subjects as more irritable and brusque than low positive self-statement subjects. Theoretical implications are discussed.

  4. Concept-Flow Diagrams: Method for Design of Computer-Aided Instruction

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-03-01

    past st 1 10_30 miss..again)), (assert, help), st_1-_1-45), (("NO" I "No" I "no" I "n" I "N") & (past st_ 1 _10 10 miss left), stilO 025), (("NO" I "No...9, input, keyboard)) ((click-left, (assert, move-detector), st_1_7_10), (45 seconds, (assert, wait), stilO 020), ("Help" I "I do not know" I "How

  5. Gruithuisen, Franz von Paula (1744-1852)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murdin, P.

    2000-11-01

    German astronomer, became professsor at Munich, asserted to a skeptical astronomical community that he had seen a city, a forest and artificial structures on the Moon, near Sinus Aestuum. Proposed the impact theory of lunar craters....

  6. Sur les traces de l'icône Michelle Bachelet à Genève

    CERN Multimedia

    Jourdan, Alain

    2007-01-01

    Chilean President visited CERN on Sunday and meeted her compatriots living in Geneva; she went to the CICR with the Swiss President, Micheline Calmy-Rey and asserted that there was no political prisoner in Chile (1,5 page)

  7. The craft of scientific presentations critical steps to succeed and critical errors to avoid

    CERN Document Server

    Alley, Michael

    2013-01-01

    The Craft of Scientific Presentations, 2nd edition aims to strengthen you as a presenter of science and engineering. The book does so by identifying what makes excellent presenters such as Brian Cox, Jane Goodall, Richard Feynman, and Jill Bolte Taylor so strong. In addition, the book explains what causes so many scientific presentations to flounder. One of the most valuable contributions of this text is that it teaches the assertion-evidence approach to scientific presentations. Instead of building presentations, as most engineers and scientists do, on the weak foundation of topic phrases and bulleted lists, this assertion-evidence approach calls for building presentations on succinct message assertions supported by visual evidence. Unlike the commonly followed topic-subtopic approach that PowerPoint leads presenters to use, the assertion-evidence approach is solidly grounded in research. By showing the differences between strong and weak presentations, by identifying the errors that scientific presenters ty...

  8. Les fabricants de superlourds

    CERN Multimedia

    Thivent, Viviane

    2006-01-01

    Who said that russian science was not competitive any more? Today, the nuclear physics laboratory in Dubna asserts the record of the heaviest chimical element ever manufactured: 118 protons. (4 pages)

  9. Multicultural Issues: Dilemmas and Hopes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Peter

    1994-01-01

    Asserts that multiculturalism is an inevitable feature of future curriculum development. Describes four approaches to multiculturalism: (1) attack multiculturalism; (2) escape multiculturalism; (3) transformative multiculturalism; and (4) repair multiculturalism. (CFR)

  10. Assessment: A Driving Force.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rakow, Steven J.

    1992-01-01

    Asserts that educational assessment drives the curriculum. Thus, assessment is very important in contemplating reform in science education. Assessment should be an integral part of the instructional process, utilizing diagnostic testing, monitoring, and summative evaluations. (PR)

  11. Classifying running-related injuries based upon etiology, with emphasis on volume and pace

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Rasmus Oestergaard; Nohr, Ellen Aagaard; Rasmussen, Sten;

    2013-01-01

    of patellofemoral pain syndrome, iliotibial band syndrome, and patellar tendinopathy, while change in running pace may be associated with the development of achilles tendinopathy, gastrocnemius injuries, and plantar fasciitis. DISCUSSIONRELATION TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: If this assertion is correct, bias may...

  12. From Adelphi to Enron.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lauter, Paul

    2002-01-01

    Encourages the dismantling of the "corporatization" of higher education, asserting that the unalloyed promotion of the free market as the standard of value has, as Adelphi and Enron make clear, led neither to truth seeking nor to sound education. (EV)

  13. Biometric Subject Verification Based on Electrocardiographic Signals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dusan, Sorin V. (Inventor); Jorgensen, Charles C. (Inventor)

    2014-01-01

    A method of authenticating or declining to authenticate an asserted identity of a candidate-person. In an enrollment phase, a reference PQRST heart action graph is provided or constructed from information obtained from a plurality of graphs that resemble each other for a known reference person, using a first graph comparison metric. In a verification phase, a candidate-person asserts his/her identity and presents a plurality of his/her heart cycle graphs. If a sufficient number of the candidate-person's measured graphs resemble each other, a representative composite graph is constructed from the candidate-person's graphs and is compared with a composite reference graph, for the person whose identity is asserted, using a second graph comparison metric. When the second metric value lies in a selected range, the candidate-person's assertion of identity is accepted.

  14. 76 FR 80241 - Revisions to Rules of Conduct and Standards of Responsibility for Representatives

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-23

    ... clients. Our rule will not limit the freedom of speech guaranteed in the First Amendment to the... commenter asserted that several of our proposed prohibited actions sought to regulate speech in violation...

  15. 77 FR 47885 - New Postal Product

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-10

    ... information under seal. In the Statement of Supporting Justification, Dennis R. Nicoski, Manager, Field Sales Strategy and Contracts, asserts that the contract will cover its attributable costs, make a...

  16. 78 FR 36795 - New Postal Product

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-19

    ... information under seal. In the Statement of Supporting Justification, Dennis R. Nicoski, Manager, Field Sales Strategy and Contracts, asserts that the contract will cover its attributable costs, make a...

  17. 75 FR 41902 - License Nos. DPR-31 and DPR-41; Florida Power & Light Company; Notice of Issuance of Director's...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-19

    ..., and management has not emphasized the program values to employees. (2) The ECP is of low quality and... Company's good name or business reputation * * *'' Mr. Saporito asserts that this clause violates 10...

  18. Stepsiblings

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... it. Should a stepfather, for example, discipline his wife's children, or should she be the only one ... new husband becomes too assertive in parenting his wife's children, the children may resent him and complain ...

  19. 75 FR 56098 - Amitraz; Receipt of Application for Emergency Exemption, Solicitation of Public Comment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-15

    ... as part of this request. As part of this request, the applicant asserts that the beekeeping industry.... South Dakota is a top ranking honey producing state and the beekeeping industry is important to...

  20. Design for Sustainable Learning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Christopher, Gaylaird

    2002-01-01

    Asserts that the greatest benefit to the design of green sustainable schools is the opportunity to provide meaningful, ecological learning experiences for children. Offers examples of learning opportunities within the environment and a list of related resources. (EV)

  1. A REGULAR VALUE OF COMPACT DEFORMATION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    J.M.Soriano

    2006-01-01

    Sufficient conditions were given to assert that between any two Banach spaces over K, Fredholm mappings share at least one value in a specific open ball. The proof of the result is constructive and based upon continuation methods.

  2. 78 FR 53784 - Notice of Lodging of Proposed Consent Decree Under the Clean Air Act

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-30

    ... and Ohio are co-plaintiffs in this action. The State of Illinois asserts claims in this action... Haverhill Facility under Chapter 3745 of the Ohio Revised Code (``ORC''), and the rules adopted...

  3. 78 FR 39770 - Notice of Lodging of Proposed Consent Decree Under the Clean Air Act

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-02

    ... and Ohio are co-plaintiffs in this action. The State of Illinois asserts claims in this action... Haverhill Facility under Chapter 3745 of the Ohio Revised Code (``ORC''), and the rules adopted...

  4. Cross-examining dissociative identity disorder : Neuroimaging and etiology on trial

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Reinders, A. A. T. Simone

    2008-01-01

    Dissociative identity disorder (DID) is probably the most disputed of psychiatric diagnoses and of psychological forensic evaluations in the legal arena. The iatrogenic proponents assert that DID phenomena originate from psychotherapeutic treatment while traumagenic proponents state that DID develop

  5. 76 FR 35004 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-15

    ... wave of $19.97 for U.S. workforce eligible from the Bureau of Labor Statistics 4. Screening, Brief... Treatment for Homeless; Adult Criminal Justice Treatment; Assertive Adolescent Family Treatment; HIV/...

  6. A Re-examination of Sign Language Diglossia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    American Annals of the Deaf, 1983

    1983-01-01

    An examination of C. Ferguson's characteristics of diglossia (function, prestige, literary heritage, acquisition, standardization, stability, grammar, lexicon, and phonology) questions the assertion that American Sign Language is inferior to signed English. (CL)

  7. 12 CFR 269.1 - Definition of a labor organization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ...) Which asserts the right to strike against the government of the United States, the Board of Governors of... the constitutional form of the government of the United States; or (d) Which discriminates with...

  8. Time Well Spent: Preparation for Impromptu Speaking.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dean, Kevin W.

    1987-01-01

    Asserts that impromptu speaking should be viewed as an event which develops students' organizational ability, creative thinking, audience analysis, and delivery skills. Presents various techniques to aid students and coaches in pre-tournament preparation for impromptu speaking. (MM)

  9. 49 CFR 40.293 - What is the SAP's function in conducting the initial evaluation of an employee?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... violation of a DOT drug or alcohol regulation (e.g., related to assertions of use of hemp oil, “medical marijuana” use, “contact positives,” poppy seed ingestion, job stress); or (3) Personal opinions you...

  10. Pluss ja miinus / Hendrik Alla

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Alla, Hendrik, 1976-

    1998-01-01

    Jõuluteemalistest ja jõuluvanalistest arvutireklaamidest. Halb: MicroLink (idee: MicroLink, teostus: Division) 'Arreteeriti jõuluvana!', Assert (Limit Reklaam) 'Viktor (57), näärivana'. Parem: PCT (Snaiper) 'Sa ju lubasid...'.

  11. Differences in Communication Competence among Administrator Social Styles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Snavely, William B.; Walters, Ellen V.

    1983-01-01

    Assessed coworkers' perceptions of public school superintendents' behavior related to social style (assertiveness, responsiveness, versatility) and interpersonal communication competence (empathy, social anxiety, listening, self-disclosure, flexibility). Found that superintendents with highly responsive styles were perceived as more competent than…

  12. Green Activism. The European Parliament's Environmental Committee promoting a European Environmental Policy in the 1970s

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Meyer, Jan-Henrik

    2011-01-01

    This article challenges the standard assumption in the academic literature on the European Parliament (EP) that the EP only became a more assertive and activist institution after the first direct elections of 1979. Instead, I argue that already in the 1970s the EP was asserting its role as a repr......This article challenges the standard assumption in the academic literature on the European Parliament (EP) that the EP only became a more assertive and activist institution after the first direct elections of 1979. Instead, I argue that already in the 1970s the EP was asserting its role...... as a representative assembly, for example, by trying to promote and shape the emerging environmental policy. The article focuses on the responsible parliamentary Committee on Public Health and the Environment, whose members devoted much skill and energy trying to place the environment on the EC agenda, to influence...... further research to verify whether this claim holds more generally....

  13. ANALISIS PUTUSAN HAKIM NOMOR: 113/Pid.B/2007/PN.Pml TENTANG TINDAK PIDANA PENYALAHGUNAAN NARKOTIKA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saryono Hanadi

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Decree Number: 113/Pid.B/2007/PN.Pml relating with the case of abuse of narcotic that conducted by Bambang Suroto alias Gentolet bin Rifa’i. In this case, public Prosecutor assert with laminated assertion which are Primer Assertion by article 81 sentence (1 letter a Law No.22 Year 1997 and subsidiary assertion by article 85 letter a Law No.22 Year 1997 concerning Narcotic. In this case, the decree cannot be told as a progressive decree because it not considering article 47 Law No. 12 Year 1997 concerning Narcotic. Judge ought to be considering the way to solve the problem by commanding the defendant to have the rehabilitation as a prevention without punishment to influencing views of society on crime.

  14. Internationalization, Interculturality, and the Role of Foreign Languages in Higher Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vogel, Thomas

    2001-01-01

    Describes the Foreign Language Center at the European University Viadrina in Germany, asserting the necessity of foreign language training for Europeanization and globalization. Also discusses several ways of structuring foreign language programs. (EV)

  15. The Case for Empiricism: Clarifying Fundamental Issues in Communication Theory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bostrom, Robert; Donohew, Lewis

    1992-01-01

    Focuses on recent critiques of empiricism. Discusses the present state of communication research and theory. Asserts that examining levels of language and explanation helps to solve logical inconsistencies that have appeared to present philosophical problems in the past. (PRA)

  16. An Interdisciplinary Approach to Teaching Elementary School Children about Water Management and Local Government.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Araboglou, Argy

    1993-01-01

    Asserts that students have little knowledge about the operation of local government. Discusses a three-day interdisciplinary lesson about water management and local government for the elementary grades. Includes descriptions of laboratory exercises, homework assignments, and class discussions. (CFR)

  17. A White President of a Predominantly Black College Speaks Out About Race.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tschechtelin, James D.

    1999-01-01

    Asserts that racism and white supremacy are threatening America's social, economic, and political stability. Suggests that inviting community dialog on these taboo topics may lead to solutions, and recounts such steps taken at Baltimore City Community College. (VWC)

  18. TEL4Health research at University College Cork (UCC)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Drachsler, Hendrik

    2013-01-01

    Drachsler, H. (2013, 12 May). TEL4Health research at University College Cork (UCC). Invited talk given at Application of Science to Simulation, Education and Research on Training for Health Professionals Centre (ASSERT for Health Care), Cork, Ireland.

  19. Pathwise Strategies for Stochastic Differential Games with an Erratum to 'Stochastic Differential Games with Asymmetric Information'

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cardaliaguet, P., E-mail: cardaliaguet@ceremade.dauphine.fr [Universite Paris-Dauphine, Ceremade (France); Rainer, C., E-mail: Catherine.Rainer@univ-brest.fr [Universite de Bretagne Occidentale (France)

    2013-08-01

    We introduce a new notion of pathwise strategies for stochastic differential games. This allows us to give a correct meaning to some statement asserted in Cardaliaguet and Rainer (Appl. Math. Optim. 59: 1-36, 2009)

  20. 49 CFR 40.265 - What happens when an employee is unable to provide a sufficient amount of breath for an alcohol...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... expertise in the medical issues raised by the employee's failure to provide a sufficient specimen. (1) You... medically documented pre-existing psychological disorder, but does not include unsupported assertions...

  1. Accelerated UV Test Methods for Encapsulants of Photovoltaic Modules: Preprint

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kempe, M. D.

    2008-05-01

    This paper asserts that materials used for PV encapsulation must be evaluated for their ability to transmit light and to maintain mechanical integrity for extended periods of time under long term UV exposure.

  2. Conflict Management Training in China: The Value of Cooperative Conflict Theory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tjosvold, Dean; Ding, Daniel

    2001-01-01

    Asserts the value of a theory for conflict management training and summarizes the theory of cooperative and competitive conflict and its empirical base. Outlines the theory's specific implications for conflict management training in China. (EV)

  3. Teaching the Bible: A Legal and Objective Approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woods, Jimmy L.

    1980-01-01

    Asserting that the Supreme Court's 1963 Schempp decision does not prohibit biblical instruction in the public schools, but only mandates that it be objective, the author suggests several techniques for incorporating Biblical allusions and stories into literature instruction. (SJL)

  4. Levelling in the German Verb Paradigm

    Science.gov (United States)

    Newman, John

    1974-01-01

    Levelling processes in the history of the German verb paradigm from Old High German to the present are discussed. It is asserted that the theory of transformational generative grammar provides a proper framework for the study of linguistic change. (RM)

  5. On the Theoretical Trappings of the Thesis of Anti-Theory; or, Why the Idea of Theory May Not, After All, Be All That Bad: A Response to Gary Thomas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rajagopalan, Kanavillil

    1998-01-01

    Asserts that Thomas's atheoretical posture is not realistically possible. Makes three counter-arguments: humans may naturally be theorizing creatures; Thomas uses theory to argue against theory; and the problem is not "theory" but particular theories. (SK)

  6. PR Educators Stress Computers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fleming, Charles A.

    1988-01-01

    Surveys the varied roles computers play in public relations education. Asserts that, because computers are used extensively in the public relations field, students should become acquainted with the varied capabilities of computers and their role in public relations practice. (MM)

  7. 75 FR 9960 - First Trust/Aberdeen Global Opportunity Income Fund, et al.; Notice of Application

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-04

    ... those dividends contain an element of long-term capital gain. 7. Applicants assert that the application..., as an exhibit to its next filed Form N-CSR; and C. The fund will post prominently on the Web...

  8. 76 FR 52363 - Tortoise Power and Energy Infrastructure Fund, Inc. and Tortoise Capital Advisors, L.L.C.; Notice...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-22

    ... those dividends contain an element of capital gain. 7. Applicants assert that the application of rule... disclosure required by condition 2.a.ii. above, as an exhibit to its next filed Form N-CSR; c. The Fund...

  9. 77 FR 26052 - Invesco Total Property Market Income Fund, et al.; Notice of Application

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-02

    ... contain an element of capital gain. 7. Applicants assert that the application of rule 19b-1 to a Plan... an exhibit to its next filed Form N-CSR; and (c) The Fund will post prominently a statement on...

  10. High School Counselors' Perceptrons of the Academic and Personality Attributes Important to a Career in Nursing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blasdell, Alison L.; Hudgins-Brewer, Sandra

    1999-01-01

    High school counselors (n=95) identified characteristics they considered important for nursing. Leadership and academic achievement were rated less important than for other careers. compassion, kindness, and obedience were considered important but not decision making or assertiveness. (SK)

  11. Older Adults with Alzheimer’s Disease, Comorbid Arthritis and Prescription of Psychotropic Medications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Judith E Balfour

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVES: It is assumed that analgesia is underutilized among those with Alzheimer disease and that these patients may be inappropriately prescribed neuroleptics and benzodiazepines. The current study examines this assertion.

  12. Migrant labour Culture in Post-Mao China

    OpenAIRE

    Florence, Eric

    2013-01-01

    Against a backdrop of economic growth and growing spate of collective actions, rural migrant workers have developed narratives of migrant labour. This essay studies articles, diaries, poems and online songs asserting their collective subaltern identity and specific norms and values.

  13. 76 FR 42015 - Prohibition Against Payment of Interest on Demand Deposits

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-18

    ... sensitive position.'' Commenters also expected detrimental effects for institutions' customers, including... and profitability, as well as increased regulatory burden, particularly with new interchange fee... compete. Some commenters asserted that these customers, once drawn away to larger banks, will...

  14. Bibliotherapy as a Counseling Adjunct: Research Findings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schrank, Frederick A.; Engels, Dennis W.

    1981-01-01

    Reviews research relating to various aspects of bibliotherapy, including academic achievement, assertiveness, attitude change, behavioral change, fear reduction, helper effectiveness, marital accord, self-development, and therapeutic gains. Discusses implications for using bibliotherapy as an adjunct to counseling. (RC)

  15. Handicapped Infants and Euthanasia: A Challenge to Our Advocacy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, J. David

    1985-01-01

    The issue of pediatric euthanasia for handicapped newborns is examined and contrasting viewpoints emphasizing the quality and the sanctity of life are considered. The author asserts that advocacy for handicapped children involves decisions regarding the euthanasia question. (CL)

  16. CAS to Further Strengthen Cooperation with the EU

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    @@ In light of the concept that scientific knowledge should serve humanity, CAS is open to the whole world and will further cooperate with the European Union in various fields, asserts CAS President Lu Yongxiang.

  17. Advancing description and explanation in clinical linguistics: a legacy of Martin J. Ball.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Damico, Jack S; Damico, Holly L; Nelson, Ryan L

    2011-11-01

    This article asserts the importance of explication of order and disorder in language as a privileged objective of clinical linguistics and service delivery and reviews the contributions of Martin Ball in advancing this agenda.

  18. 10 CFR 1003.20 - Purpose and scope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... by 5 U.S.C. 551(4), based on an assertion of serious hardship, gross inequity or unfair distribution of burdens, and for consideration of such application by the OHA. The procedures contained in...

  19. General Education in the University of Massachusetts Amherst: A New Rationale.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jenkins, John A.

    2002-01-01

    Describes the University of Massachusetts Amherst's commitment to and program of general education for undergraduates, asserting that a curriculum balanced between professional specialization and general education provides the most practical education for a life of visionary leadership. (EV)

  20. Data Mining for IVHM using Sparse Binary Ensembles Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — In response to NASA SBIR topic A1.05, "Data Mining for Integrated Vehicle Health Management", Michigan Aerospace Corporation (MAC) asserts that our unique SPADE...

  1. Aspect-Oriented Programming is Quantification and Obliviousness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Filman, Robert E.; Friedman, Daniel P.; Norvig, Peter (Technical Monitor)

    2000-01-01

    This paper proposes that the distinguishing characteristic of Aspect-Oriented Programming (AOP) systems is that they allow programming by making quantified programmatic assertions over programs written by programmers oblivious to such assertions. Thus, AOP systems can be analyzed with respect to three critical dimensions: the kinds of quantifications allowed, the nature of the actions that can be asserted, and the mechanism for combining base-level actions with asserted actions. Consequences of this perspective are the recognition that certain systems are not AOP and that some mechanisms are expressive enough to allow programming an AOP system within them. A corollary is that while AOP can be applied to Object-Oriented Programming, it is an independent concept applicable to other programming styles.

  2. Education of the Young Harry Potter: Socialization and Schooling for Wizards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Black, Mary S.; Eisenwine, Marilyn J.

    2001-01-01

    Examines the "Harry Potter" books for the messages they convey about schools, teachers, and education. Asserts that the present positive images of schooling as well as moral dilemmas and their resolution. (Contains 23 references.) (SK)

  3. Scientific text as a special form of communication

    OpenAIRE

    CHERNYAKOVA NATALIA STEPANOVNA

    2016-01-01

    It is asserted in the article that scientific text, even being a product of spiritual culture, never ceased to be the main form of an objectivization of scientific thought and the means of special scientific communication.

  4. MyUniversity.com? Personalized Education and Personalized News.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sunstein, Cass R.

    2002-01-01

    Explores risks for higher education and democracy that accompany technology-enabled personalization of information. Asserts that these institutions need people to have "unanticipated encounters" with information and a range of "common experiences." (EV)

  5. An Uninformative Truth: The Logic of Amarin's Off-Label Promotion.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Spencer Phillips Hey

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Spencer Phillips Hey and Aaron Kesselheim propose that informativeness-asserting scientific facts-rather than truthfulness ought to be the standard for regulating commercial speech about pharmaceuticals.

  6. Language as Constitutive: Critical Thinking for Multicultural Education and Practice in the 21st Century.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Phillips, Debby A.

    2000-01-01

    Asserts that working through postmodern positions on language offers nursing different approaches to critical thinking and cultural competence, two components of multicultural education. Describes examples relevant to topics in nursing education. (SK)

  7. Inception: How the Unsaid May Become Public Knowledge

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kock, Christian Erik J

    apt to suggest to audiences something that Bush never asserted and ostensibly denied, namely that he believed Saddam Hussein to have been complicit in the 9/11 terrorist acts. Three types of suggestive mechanism are analyzed. They are offered as examples of rhetorical devices used in political...... communication that may create a kind of “public knowledge” that has not been asserted, supported with reasons, or reflected upon....

  8. Key Concepts in an Educational Program Conceptos claves en un programa educativo Conceitos chave em um programa educativo

    OpenAIRE

    ARANGO MARTÍNEZ CATHERINE; RAMOS ANACONA YURI PATRICIA; SANTACRUZ PARDO KAREN TATIANA; PARDO TORRES MYRIAM PATRICIA

    2010-01-01

    The results of the review are hereby presented on literature regarding assertive communication concepts, feelings and visions of nursing as a reciprocal and a simultaneous support for an educational program based on intervention with adolescents to promote responsible procreation. The present literature review took Ebsco-Host and Scielo as databases.

    Conclusion: Assertive communication is a learned socia...

  9. Comment on "Critical wind speed at which trees break"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Albrecht, Axel; Badel, Eric; Bonnesoeur, Vivien; Brunet, Yves; Constant, Thiéry; Défossez, Pauline; de Langre, Emmanuel; Dupont, Sylvain; Fournier, Meriem; Gardiner, Barry; Mitchell, Stephen J.; Moore, John R.; Moulia, Bruno; Nicoll, Bruce C.; Niklas, Karl J.; Schelhaas, Mart-Jan; Spatz, Hans-Christof; Telewski, Frank W.

    2016-12-01

    Virot et al. [E. Virot et al., Phys. Rev. E 93, 023001 (2016), 10.1103/PhysRevE.93.023001] assert that the critical wind speed at which ⩾50% of all trees in a population break is ≈42 m/s, regardless of tree characteristics. We show that empirical data do not support this assertion, and that the assumptions underlying the theory used by Virot et al. are inconsistent with the biomechanics of trees.

  10. Very-High Level Concurrent Programming.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-12-01

    not necessary if only understAnding of the general ideas is desired. In order to let the interested reader examine the working environment of the two...the modifications to the MODEL compiler in the following chapters follow the order of the phases in the MODEL compiler. The reader who desires...RECORD IN FTLE SINJILATI WRITE RECORD A ITERATION FOR ill UNTIL CONSTANT LIMIT’, 45 ASS220 ASSERTION 105 INTERIM.NIUrtRES FIELD TAROT OF AS.SERTION

  11. Phase Transitions for Gödel Incompleteness

    OpenAIRE

    Weiermann, Andreas

    2009-01-01

    Gödel's first incompleteness result from 1931 states that there are true assertions about the natural numbers which do not follow from the Peano axioms. Since 1931 many researchers have been looking for natural examples of such assertions and breakthroughs have been obtained in the seventies by Jeff Paris (in part jointly with Leo Harrington and Laurie Kirby) and Harvey Friedman who produced first mathematically interesting independence results in Ramsey theory (Paris) and well-order an...

  12. Increasing the Confidence in Student's $t$ Interval

    OpenAIRE

    Goutis, Constantinos; Casella, George

    1992-01-01

    The usual confidence interval, based on Student's $t$ distribution, has conditional confidence that is larger than the nominal confidence level. Although this fact is known, along with the fact that increased conditional confidence can be used to improve a confidence assertion, the confidence assertion of Student's $t$ interval has never been critically examined. We do so here, and construct a confidence estimator that allows uniformly higher confidence in the interval and is closer (than $1 ...

  13. Formalizing the Analysis of Algorithms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1979-06-01

    took. Mike Spivak used the single adjective "yellow" for each new concept that he introduced: only after that concept had been developed somewhat would...Assertions of the Frequency System ..................... SO Derivations in the Assertion Calculus ....................... 52 W orking with Vanilla... calculus , in which certain properties of the state of a process can be described. The verification system then chooses some method for associating

  14. Students' vocational choices and voluntary action: A 12-nation study

    OpenAIRE

    Haski-Leventhal, Debbie; Cnaan, Ram; Handy, Femida; Brudney, Jeffrey; Holmes, Kirsten; Hustinx, Lesley; Kang, ChulHee; Kassam, Meenaz; Meijs, Lucas; Ranade, Bhagyashree; Yamauchi, Naoto; Yeung, Anne Birgitta; Zrinscak, Sinisa

    2008-01-01

    textabstractPrevious research on student involvement suggested that business and engineering students manifest lowest rates of voluntary action. Similarly, it was thought that social science students are the most involved in voluntary action, with students of natural sciences and humanities in the middle. However, there were very few studies that empirically compared these assertions. Furthermore, these assertions were not investigated from cross-cultural perspectives. Based on a study of stu...

  15. Military Power of the People’s Republic of China 2008: Annual Report to Congress

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-01-01

    groups, and Macclesfield Bank – claims disputed by Brunei, the Philippines, Malaysia , Taiwan, and Vietnam. A PRC spokesperson asserted that China...Brunei, the Philippines, Malaysia , Taiwan, and Vietnam. In December 2007, China announced the establishment of “Sansha City” to assert...been 51,000 pollution-related protests in 2005 (almost 1,000 per week). Pollution and deforestation in China have worldwide implications. China may

  16. 児童の主張性と養育者の養育態度との関連の検討

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    The relationship between assertiveness and parenting attitude was investigated. Elementary school children in grades four to six completed a questionnaire about their assertiveness included two components of assessment:“ self expression” and“ consideration for others”, and their parent’s child-care styles. 358 responses were collected, and 330( 159 boys and 171 girls) were analyzed( 92.6%). The results indicated that children whose parent was receptive child-care attitude scored high on self ...

  17. Human Capital, Population Growth and Economic Development: Beyond Correlations

    OpenAIRE

    Rosenzweig, Mark R.

    1987-01-01

    Empirical evidence on three assertions commonly-made by population policy advocates about the relationships among population growth, human capital formation and economic development is discussed and evaluated in the light of economic-biological models of household behavior and of its relevance to population policy. The three assertions are that (a) population growth and human capital investments jointly reflect and respond to changes in the economic environment, (b) larger families directly i...

  18. [Evidence-based treatment of mentally ill homeless persons].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Larsen, Maja; Nordentoft, Merete

    2010-05-31

    A systematic review of the literature shows that it is possible to reduce homelessness among mentally ill homeless persons, partly by offering access to housing and partly by providing intensive care through Assertive Community Treatment. Assertive Community Treatment can, to some extent, decrease psychiatric symptoms and increase quality of life. It is evident that by offering housing, homelessness may be reduced, but the comparison of independent housing and group living did not reveal big differences.

  19. Cultural mismatch and the education of Aboriginal youths: the interplay of cultural identities and teacher ratings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fryberg, Stephanie A; Troop-Gordon, Wendy; D'Arrisso, Alexandra; Flores, Heidi; Ponizovskiy, Vladimir; Ranney, John D; Mandour, Tarek; Tootoosis, Curtis; Robinson, Sandy; Russo, Natalie; Burack, Jacob A

    2013-01-01

    In response to the enduring "deficit" approach to the educational attainment of Aboriginal students in North America, we hypothesized that academic underperformance is related to a cultural mismatch between Aboriginal students' cultural background, which emphasizes connectedness and interdependence, and the mainstream White model of education, which focuses on independence and assertiveness. The participants included virtually all the secondary students (N = 115) in the Naskapi community of Kawawachikamach, Quebec, Canada. We obtained self-reports of identification with Aboriginal and White culture, teacher reports of assertiveness, and official grades. We found that high identification with either Aboriginal or White culture was related to higher grades, regardless of whether the students were perceived as assertive by their teacher. Conversely, at low levels of cultural identification toward Aboriginal or White culture, being perceived as low in assertiveness by one's teacher predicted lower grades. This suggests that both high cultural identification and assertiveness can contribute to enhancing the educational outcomes of Aboriginal students, but that Aboriginal students with low levels of both cultural identification and assertiveness are at particular risk as they are mismatched with the culture of mainstream schools and do not benefit from the protective effects of identity. The relationships among identity, cultural values, and academic performance point to the need to reject the notion of an inherent deficit in education among Aboriginal youths in favor of a different framework in which success can be attained when alternative ways of being are fostered and nurtured in schools.

  20. Efficient Consistency Achievement of Federated Identity and Access Management Based on a Novel Self-Adaptable Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cha, Shi-Cho; Chang, Hsiang-Meng

    Federated identity and access management (FIAM) systems enable a user to access services provided by various organizations seamlessly. In FIAM systems, service providers normally stipulate that their users show assertions issued by allied parties to use their services as well as determine user privileges based on attributes in the assertions. However, the integrity of the attributes is important under certain circumstances. In such a circumstance, all released assertions should reflect modifications made to user attributes. Despite the ability to adopt conventional certification revocation technologies, including CRL or OCSP, to revoke an assertion and request the corresponding user to obtain a new assertion, re-issuing an entirely new assertion if only one attribute, such as user location or other environmental information, is changed would be inefficient. Therefore, this work presents a self-adaptive framework to achieve consistency in federated identity and access management systems (SAFIAM). In SAFIAM, an identity provider (IdP), which authenticates users and provides user attributes, should monitor access probabilities according to user attributes. The IdP can then adopt the most efficient means of ensuring data integrity of attributes based on related access probabilities. While Internet-based services emerge daily that have various access probabilities with respect to their user attributes, the proposed self-adaptive framework significantly contributes to efforts to streamline the use of FIAM systems.

  1. What is a Question?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knuth, Kevin H.; Clancy, Daniel (Technical Monitor)

    2002-01-01

    A given question can be defined in terms of the set of statements or assertions that answer it. Application of the logic of inference to this set of assertions allows one to derive the logic of inquiry among questions. There are interesting symmetries between the logics of inference and inquiry; where probability describes the degree to which a premise implies an assertion, there exists an analogous quantity that describes the bearing or relevance that a question has on an outstanding issue. These have been extended to suggest that the logic of inquiry results in functional relationships analogous to, although more general than, those found in information theory. Employing lattice theory, I examine in greater detail the structure of the space of assertions and questions demonstrating that the symmetries between the logical relations in each of the spaces derive directly from the lattice structure. Furthermore, I show that while symmetries between the spaces exist, the two lattices are not isomorphic. The lattice of assertions is described by a Boolean lattice 2(sup N) whereas the lattice of real questions is shown to be a sublattice of the free distributive lattice FD(N) = 2(sup 2(sup N)). Thus there does not exist a one-to-one mapping of assertions to questions, there is no reflection symmetry between the two spaces, and questions in general do not possess unique complements. Last, with these lattice structures in mind, I discuss the relationship between probability, relevance and entropy.

  2. Mathematical algorithms for approximate reasoning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murphy, John H.; Chay, Seung C.; Downs, Mary M.

    1988-01-01

    Most state of the art expert system environments contain a single and often ad hoc strategy for approximate reasoning. Some environments provide facilities to program the approximate reasoning algorithms. However, the next generation of expert systems should have an environment which contain a choice of several mathematical algorithms for approximate reasoning. To meet the need for validatable and verifiable coding, the expert system environment must no longer depend upon ad hoc reasoning techniques but instead must include mathematically rigorous techniques for approximate reasoning. Popular approximate reasoning techniques are reviewed, including: certainty factors, belief measures, Bayesian probabilities, fuzzy logic, and Shafer-Dempster techniques for reasoning. A group of mathematically rigorous algorithms for approximate reasoning are focused on that could form the basis of a next generation expert system environment. These algorithms are based upon the axioms of set theory and probability theory. To separate these algorithms for approximate reasoning various conditions of mutual exclusivity and independence are imposed upon the assertions. Approximate reasoning algorithms presented include: reasoning with statistically independent assertions, reasoning with mutually exclusive assertions, reasoning with assertions that exhibit minimum overlay within the state space, reasoning with assertions that exhibit maximum overlay within the state space (i.e. fuzzy logic), pessimistic reasoning (i.e. worst case analysis), optimistic reasoning (i.e. best case analysis), and reasoning with assertions with absolutely no knowledge of the possible dependency among the assertions. A robust environment for expert system construction should include the two modes of inference: modus ponens and modus tollens. Modus ponens inference is based upon reasoning towards the conclusion in a statement of logical implication, whereas modus tollens inference is based upon reasoning away

  3. Women's Behavioral Responses to the Threat of a Hypothetical Date Rape Stimulus: A Qualitative Analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, RaeAnn E; Brouwer, Amanda M; Wendorf, Angela R; Cahill, Shawn P

    2016-05-01

    One in four college women experience sexual assault on campus; yet, campuses rarely provide the in-depth self-defense programs needed to reduce sexual assault risk. Further, little is known about the range of possible behaviors elicited by sexual assault threat stimuli besides assertion. To fill this gap, the aim of the current study was to explore qualitative themes in women's intended behavioral responses to a hypothetical sexual assault threat, date rape, by using a laboratory-controlled threat. College women (N = 139) were randomly assigned to one of four different levels of sexual assault threat presented via an audio-recorded vignette. Participants articulated how they would hypothetically respond to the experimentally assigned threat. Responses were blinded and analyzed using Consensual Qualitative Research methodology. Six major themes emerged: assertion, compliance/acceptance, conditional decision making, avoidance, expressions of discomfort, and allusion to future contact. Although almost all participants described assertion, a number of non-assertive responses were described that are not currently recognized in the literature. These non-assertive responses, including compliance/acceptance, conditional decision making, and avoidance, may represent unique behavioral response styles and likely reflect the complex psychological process of behavioral response to threat. The variety of themes found illustrates the great range of behavioral responses to threat. This broad range is not currently well represented or measured in the literature and better understanding of these responses can inform future interventions, advocacy efforts, and policies focused on sexual assault.

  4. Curation accuracy of model organism databases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keseler, Ingrid M; Skrzypek, Marek; Weerasinghe, Deepika; Chen, Albert Y; Fulcher, Carol; Li, Gene-Wei; Lemmer, Kimberly C; Mladinich, Katherine M; Chow, Edmond D; Sherlock, Gavin; Karp, Peter D

    2014-01-01

    Manual extraction of information from the biomedical literature-or biocuration-is the central methodology used to construct many biological databases. For example, the UniProt protein database, the EcoCyc Escherichia coli database and the Candida Genome Database (CGD) are all based on biocuration. Biological databases are used extensively by life science researchers, as online encyclopedias, as aids in the interpretation of new experimental data and as golden standards for the development of new bioinformatics algorithms. Although manual curation has been assumed to be highly accurate, we are aware of only one previous study of biocuration accuracy. We assessed the accuracy of EcoCyc and CGD by manually selecting curated assertions within randomly chosen EcoCyc and CGD gene pages and by then validating that the data found in the referenced publications supported those assertions. A database assertion is considered to be in error if that assertion could not be found in the publication cited for that assertion. We identified 10 errors in the 633 facts that we validated across the two databases, for an overall error rate of 1.58%, and individual error rates of 1.82% for CGD and 1.40% for EcoCyc. These data suggest that manual curation of the experimental literature by Ph.D-level scientists is highly accurate. Database URL: http://ecocyc.org/, http://www.candidagenome.org//

  5. SOP for pathway inference in Integrated Microbial Genomes (IMG).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, Iain; Chen, Amy; Markowitz, Victor; Kyrpides, Nikos; Ivanova, Natalia

    2011-12-31

    One of the most important aspects of genomic analysis is the prediction of which pathways, both metabolic and non-metabolic, are present in an organism. In IMG, this is carried out by the assignment of IMG terms, which are organized into IMG pathways. Based on manual and automatic assignment of IMG terms, the presence or absence of IMG pathways is automatically inferred. The three categories of pathway assertion are asserted (likely present), not asserted (likely absent), and unknown. In the unknown category, at least one term necessary for the pathway is missing, but an ortholog in another organism has the corresponding term assigned to it. Automatic pathway inference is an important initial step in genome analysis.

  6. THE SPANISH MOOD/SUBORDINATION/REFERENCE INTERFACE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amy E. Gregory

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available This study deals with the discourse function of the Spanish subjunctive mood. Traditional approaches focus on its semantics, invoking the notions of volition, doubt, negation, and emotion while maintaining the importance of the clause's subordinate status and change of subject from matrix verb to subordinate verb. Notwithstanding, thirty years of linguistic research on the Spanish mood contrast have given rise to the descriptors ± assertion: indicative is +assertive while subjunctive is -assertive. Although these descriptors are appropriate, viewing the subjunctive mood as a discourse cohesive device makes apparent the true nature of the mood contrast. Anaphoric, exophoric, and cataphoric features of languages refer to antecedents, elements of the physical context, or foreshadowed events/information, respectively. This article proposes a mechanism by which Spanish subjunctive clauses fulfill all three functions, circumscribing the Spanish mood contrast within the language's deictic system, and suggests avenues for future research.

  7. Exploring the process of inference generation in sarcasm: a review of normal and clinical studies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McDonald, S

    1999-07-01

    This article evaluates two theoretical accounts of how sarcasm is understood; the traditional model, which asserts that listeners derive a counterfactual inference from the sarcastic comment, and relevance theory, which asserts that listeners recognize sarcasm as a scornful echo of a previous assertion. Evidence from normal speakers provides only partial support for both theories. Evidence from brain-injured populations suggests that aspects of the pragmatic process can be arrested in ways not predicted by either theory. It is concluded that sarcasm is more effortful to process than nonsarcastic comments and that inferences about the facts of the situation and the mental state of the speaker (e.g., attitudes, knowledge, and intentions) are important to comprehending sarcasm. It is questioned whether inferences about mental state are relatively more difficult for brain-injured subjects and, if so, whether this is a continuum of difficulty or reflects reliance upon different cognitive processes.

  8. If you're going to be a leader, at least act like it! Prejudice towards women who are tentative in leader roles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bongiorno, Renata; Bain, Paul G; David, Barbara

    2014-06-01

    Role congruity theory predicts prejudice towards women who meet the agentic requirements of the leader role. In line with recent findings indicating greater acceptance of agentic behaviour from women, we find evidence for a more subtle form of prejudice towards women who fail to display agency in leader roles. Using a classic methodology, the agency of male and female leaders was manipulated using assertive or tentative speech, presented through written (Study 1, N = 167) or verbal (Study 2, N = 66) communications. Consistent with predictions, assertive women were as likeable and influential as assertive men, while being tentative in leadership reduced the likeability and influence of women, but not of men. Although approval of agentic behaviour from women in leadership reflects progress, evidence that women are quickly singled out for disapproval if they fail to show agency is important for understanding how they continue to be at a distinct disadvantage to men in leader roles.

  9. Structural logical relations with case analysis and equality reasoning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Ulrik Terp; Filinski, Andrzej

    2013-01-01

    requires the assertion logic to be extended with reasoning principles not present in the original presentation of the formalization method. We address this by generalizing the assertion logic to include dependent sorts, and demonstrate that the original cut elimination proof continues to apply without......Formalizing proofs by logical relations in the Twelf proof assistant is known to be notoriously difficult. However, as demonstrated by Schürmann and Sarnat [In Proc. of 23rd Symp. on Logic in Computer Science, 2008] such proofs can be represented and verified in Twelf if done so using a Gentzen......-style auxiliary assertion logic which is subsequently proved consistent via cut elimination. We demonstrate in this paper an application of the above methodology to proofs of observational equivalence between expressions in a simply typed lambda calculus with a call-by-name operational semantics. Our use case...

  10. An inference engine for embedded diagnostic systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fox, Barry R.; Brewster, Larry T.

    1987-01-01

    The implementation of an inference engine for embedded diagnostic systems is described. The system consists of two distinct parts. The first is an off-line compiler which accepts a propositional logical statement of the relationship between facts and conclusions and produces data structures required by the on-line inference engine. The second part consists of the inference engine and interface routines which accept assertions of fact and return the conclusions which necessarily follow. Given a set of assertions, it will generate exactly the conclusions which logically follow. At the same time, it will detect any inconsistencies which may propagate from an inconsistent set of assertions or a poorly formulated set of rules. The memory requirements are fixed and the worst case execution times are bounded at compile time. The data structures and inference algorithms are very simple and well understood. The data structures and algorithms are described in detail. The system has been implemented on Lisp, Pascal, and Modula-2.

  11. A Simple Strategy to Start Domain Ontology from Scratch

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivo Wolff Gersberg

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Aiming the usage of Domain Ontology as an educational tool for neophyte students and focusing in a fast and easy way to start Domain Ontology from scratch, the semantics are set aside to identify contexts of concepts (terms to build the ontology. Text Mining, Link Analysis and Graph Analysis create an abstract rough sketch of interactions between terms. This first rough sketch is presented to the expert providing insights into and inspires him to inform or communicate knowledge, through assertive sentences. Those assertive sentences subsidize the creation of the ontology. A web prototype tool to visualize the ontology and retrieve book contents is also presented.

  12. The Monodromy Conjecture for hyperplane arrangements

    CERN Document Server

    Budur, Nero; Teitler, Zach

    2009-01-01

    The Monodromy Conjecture asserts that if c is a pole of the local topological zeta function of a hypersurface, then exp(2\\pi c) is an eigenvalue of the monodromy on the cohomology of the Milnor fiber. A stronger version of the conjecture asserts that every pole is a root of the Bernstein-Sato polynomial of the hypersurface. In this note we prove the weak version of the conjecture for hyperplane arrangements. Furthermore, we reduce the strong version to the following conjecture: -n/d is always a root of the Bernstein-Sato polynomial of an indecomposable essential central hyperplane arrangement of d hyperplanes in the affine n-space.

  13. Liberal intolerance in European education debates

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olsen, Tore Vincents

    2016-01-01

    The reaction against non-western immigrants and especially Muslims has been analysed both in terms of an exclusionary civic nationalism and in terms of an assertive liberalism. Similar to exclusionary civic nationalism, assertive liberalism purports to defend liberal democratic principles...... by subdividing it into four categories of liberal intolerance and demonstrates this by analysing six national debates on the accommodation of cultural and religious diversity in education. The analysis indicates that the nature of liberal intolerance understood as the combination of the four categories...

  14. Challenging the coherence of social justice as a shared nursing value.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lipscomb, Martin

    2011-01-01

    Normative and prescriptive claims regarding social justice are often inadequately developed in the nursing literature and, in consequence, they must be rejected in their current form. Thus, claims regarding social justice are frequently presented as mere assertion (without clarification or supporting argument) or, alternatively, when assertions are supported that support may be weak (e.g. social justice is repeated juxtaposed against contentious assumptions regarding market disutility). This paper challenges the coherence of social justice as a shared nursing value and it is suggested that claims regarding the concept should be tempered.

  15. Changes over time in academic dishonesty at the collegiate level.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spiller, S; Crown, D F

    1995-06-01

    Recent assertions that collegiate cheating has risen dramatically have increased in frequency. We examine the possibility that these assertions are based on comparisons of studies of different behaviors with varied methodologies, and different opportunities to cheat. To assess the increase in cheating we identified a cheating behavior which had been empirically studied consistently from the early 1900s. When the percentages of students who cheated in these studies were compared across time periods, while controlling for methodological differences, no significant linear trend was found.

  16. JPRS Report, East Europe.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    independent Slovak state were asserted in everyday practice only with difficulty. Much like Hur- banov’s one-time assertion that "...what was to strengthen...AFFAIRS Table 2 Development of the Share of Negative Ratings of the Standard of Living of Households FaU 1990 Spring 1991 FaU 1991 Winter 1991 Spring...Development of the Share of Positive Ratings of the Level of Supply FaU 1990 Spring 1991 FaU 1991 Winter 1991 Spring 1992 Summer 1992 FaU 1992 CR

  17. Falsified by History

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Clausen, Mads

    2008-01-01

    Former Australian Prime Minister Robert Menzies gave the East-West Center's 1969 Dillingham Lecture at the University of Hawaii. Menzies, then almost four years into retirement, seized the opportunity not only to give his assessment of contemporary politics in the Asia-Pacific, but also to assert...... writings. Several Liberal contemporaries made similar assertions in the mid-to-late-1960s, attempting to align themselves with increasingly resonant narratives about an emergent Asia. While acknowledging that the emergence of Australia's regional dialogue with Asia has been a bipartisan process...

  18. The Significance of Xi Jinping’s “Chinese Dream” for Chinese Foreign Policy: From “Tao Guang Yang Hui” to “Fen Fa You Wei”

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Camilla T. N.

    2015-01-01

    In order to gain a better understanding of the newer and more assertive features of Chinese foreign policy in recent years, this article examines Xi Jinping’s “Chinese dream” for clues of how the Chinese leadership sees China’s international role evolve. In their speeches and statements on the “C......In order to gain a better understanding of the newer and more assertive features of Chinese foreign policy in recent years, this article examines Xi Jinping’s “Chinese dream” for clues of how the Chinese leadership sees China’s international role evolve. In their speeches and statements...

  19. Hope for happy endings: stories of clients and clinicians.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hinckley, Jacqueline

    2010-01-01

    In this introduction to the issue, it is asserted that a positive therapeutic relationship may be equally important to good rehabilitation outcomes as the administration of an effective, evidence-based treatment. The author illustrates this assertion with two variations of a clinical story in which aspects of the therapeutic relationship are manipulated. The narrative methodologies used in the articles in this issue, including ethnography, autoethnography, and personal narrative, are defined. Because details of the therapeutic relationship can best be explored through narrative methodologies, there will always be a role for narratives in the understanding of best clinical practice.

  20. An Evaluation of an Ada Implementation of the Rete Algorithm for Embedded Flight Processors

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-12-01

    assert rule I running at a higher salience than the retract rule. This assert rule makes use of the CLIPS/Ada GENSYM function to generate new object...names. GENSYM concatenates an incremented symbol count to the string "gen" (e.g. successive calls to GENSYM might 3 produce genl, gen2, gen3,...). This...is offset by the use of the GENSYM function, which generated the distinct object names. The offset is 3 evident when comparing the performances of the

  1. The role of specification in public procurement of innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rolfstam, Max

    A taken for granted assertion in the literature discussing how public procurement can be used as a way of stimulating innovation is that functional specification should be applied. Unlike technical specification, where the exact details of the item to be procured is defined, it is assumed that......, by specifying only the function or envisaged performance of the item to be procured, this would allow the submission of bids involving innovative technology and solutions previously unknown to the procurer. The starting point for the article is the perception that these views are commonly held assertions which...

  2. Lattice Duality: The Origin of Probability and Entropy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knuth, Kevin H.

    2004-01-01

    Bayesian probability theory is an inference calculus, which originates from a generalization of inclusion on the Boolean lattice of logical assertions to a degree of inclusion represented by a real number. Dual to this lattice is the distributive lattice of questions constructed from the ordered set of down-sets of assertions, which forms the foundation of the calculus of inquiry-a generalization of information theory. In this paper we introduce this novel perspective on these spaces in which machine learning is performed and discuss the relationship between these results and several proposed generalizations of information theory in the literature.

  3. National Sovereignty Vs. Globalization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michele Marsonet

    2017-01-01

    Globalization is frequently discussed as a counterpoint to national sovereignty. It is commonly asserted that globalization has eroded national sovereignty or that it has rendered borders obsolete. In particular, it is asserted that, in a globalized world economy, governments have no alternative but to adopt neoliberal economic policies of privatization, deregulation and reductions in public expenditure. However, in the contest between social democracy and neoliberal globalization, the nation—state per se is only marginally relevant. The crucial issue is whether policy will respond to the wishes of a democratic electorate, or be tightly constrained by the ‘Golden Straightjacket’ of international financial markets.

  4. A reflection of the coding of meaning in patient-physician interaction: Jürgen Habermas' theory of communication applied to sequence analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skirbekk, Helge

    2004-08-01

    This paper introduces parts of Jürgen Habermas' theory of communication in an attempt to understand how meaning is coded in patient-physician communication. By having a closer look at how patients and physicians make assertions with their utterances, light will be shed on difficult aspects of reaching understanding in the clinical encounter. Habermas' theory will be used to differentiate assertions into validity claims referring to truth, truthfulness and rightness. An analysis of hypothetical physician-replies to a patient suffering from back pains will substantiate the necessity for such a theory.

  5. A Critique of Mark Lemley’s “The Myth of the Sole Inventor”

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Howells, John; Katznelson, RD

    2011-01-01

    Professor Mark Lemley advances a thesis that “the canonical story of the lone genius inventor is largely a myth” and describes a selection of pioneer inventions to support his thesis. We show that Lemley has many of his facts wrong. We examine his assertions and set the record straight in the pio......Professor Mark Lemley advances a thesis that “the canonical story of the lone genius inventor is largely a myth” and describes a selection of pioneer inventions to support his thesis. We show that Lemley has many of his facts wrong. We examine his assertions and set the record straight...

  6. Extracting diagnosis from Japanese radiological report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Imai, Takeshi; Onogi, Yuzo

    2003-01-01

    This study is aimed at extracting diagnosis with positive or negative assertion from radiological report written in Japanese Natural Language. We get frequency of verb patterns that indicate pos/neg assertion, and extract a rule in order of the occurrence. We made customized dictionary of 36,152 terms relating to disease names or radiological findings, and tried to extract pairs of (pos/neg, disease and verb pattern ) by using rules according to the most frequent pattern from 1,524/5,000 CT reports (each report consists of 15.1 words on the average). We tried only a few rules so far, and continue to find other rules.

  7. Making Culture and Language Real in a Rural Setting: The Technology Connection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Elizabeth A.

    2000-01-01

    Asserts that with the growth of the Internet, e-mail, synchronous chat, and videoconferencing, students in rural (and urban) areas have virtually endless access to culture and language from their school or home. Describes the utilization of technology as a means of cultural exchange between Southwest Virginia Community College and the University…

  8. Conceptual Difficulties Experienced by Prospective Teachers in Electrochemistry: Half-Cell Potential, Cell Potential, and Chemical and Electrochemical Equilibrium in Galvanic Cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ozkaya, Ali Riza

    2002-01-01

    A previous study of prospective teachers found that students from different countries and different levels of electrochemistry hold common misconceptions, indicating that concepts were presented to them poorly. Reports on how prospective teachers' scientifically incorrect ideas were used to form assertion-reason-type questions and how these…

  9. Living the Orwellian Nightmare: New Media and Digital Dystopia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diglin, Greg

    2014-01-01

    This article offers an academic critique of new media culture, as viewed comparatively with George Orwell's "1984." The author makes the argument that a number of plot elements of "1984" are reflected within contemporary Western societies. The assertion is made that these parallels have developed as a consequence of new…

  10. Virtual and composite fundamentals in the ERM

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Knot, KHW; Sturm, JE

    1999-01-01

    A latent-variable approach is applied to identify the appropriate driving process for fundamental exchange rates in the ERM. From the time-series characteristics of so-called "virtual fundamentals" and "composite fundamentals", a significant degree of mean reversion can be asserted. The relative deg

  11. Group devaluation and group identification

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Leach, C.W.; Rodriguez Mosquera, P.M.; Vliek, M.L.W.; Hirt, E.

    2010-01-01

    In three studies, we showed that increased in-group identification after (perceived or actual) group devaluation is an assertion of a (preexisting) positive social identity that counters the negative social identity implied in societal devaluation. Two studies with real-world groups used order manip

  12. Legal Bases for the Use of Force Against International Terrorism: The U.S. Paradigm of Humanitarian Self-Defense

    Science.gov (United States)

    1999-04-01

    n. 59, (Citing H. KELSEN , PRINCIPLES OF INTERNATIONAL LAW 383 (1966)). 127 STONE, supra note 43, at 94-101. 36 ... the extreme view asserts that...also Thomas M. Franck, United Nations Based Prospects for a New Global Order, 22 N.Y.U. J. INT’L L. & POL. 601, 614 (1990); HANS KEESEN, THE LAW OF

  13. Targeting DNA-repair systems brings hopes to cancer patients

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ CAS researchers have recently raised a hypothesis to circumvent tumor resistance to radio- and chemo-therapy and to enhance the efficacy of DNAdamaging agents by interfering with DNA repair. "There are emerging anticancer therapeutic opportunities in targeting DNA-repair systems," they asserted.

  14. Values and marginal preferences in international business

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Maseland, Robbert; van Hoorn, Andre

    2010-01-01

    In a recent paper in this journal, Maseland and van Hoorn argued that values surveys tend to conflate values and marginal preferences. This assertion has been challenged by Brewer and Venaik, who claim that the wording of most survey items does not suggest that these elicit marginal preferences. Thi

  15. Deciphering Maya Hieroglyphic Writing: The State of the Art.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fields, Virginia M.

    1990-01-01

    Describes the historical approaches to the decipherment of ancient Maya writing. Asserts that Mayan hieroglyphics are recognized as true writing because they represent the sounds and structure of spoken language. Discusses the history of Maya hieroglyphic writing and how it was used in that civilization. (PRA)

  16. Preventing and Profiling Malicious Insider Attacks

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-01

    who commit insider acts tend to be introverted individuals (Pocius, 1991). Introverts are individuals who are reserved, prefer solitary activities...and are less assertive in social situations. Approximately 40% of the general population can be classified as introverted individuals. It is a trait

  17. 78 FR 75942 - Certain Mobile Phones and Tablet Computers, and Components Thereof; Commission Determination To...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-13

    ... filed by Nokia Corp., Nokia Inc., and Intellisync Corp. (collectively, ``Nokia''). 77 FR 34063-64. The..., Nokia asserted numerous claims from nine patents against HTC. Throughout the course of the investigation... based on Nokia's motion to withdraw the patents), not reviewed (Apr. 30, 2013); Order No. 14 (May...

  18. Insiders and Outsiders: Exploring Ethnocentricism and Cultural Relativity in Sociology Courses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schopmeyer, Kim D.

    1993-01-01

    Asserts that central goal of sociology is to provide students with sociological perspective or the ability to reflect on their own society from a distance. Argues that ethnocentricism can be affected by an "insider's bias" and an "outsider's bias." Describes the use of Horace Miner's "Body Ritual of the Nacirema" as a classroom activity designed…

  19. Transformational Leadership in Research Universities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gilmore, Ryann M.

    2011-01-01

    In order to preserve research integrity, leaders at postsecondary research institutions must utilize transformational leadership behaviors in order to promote a campus culture that is the most conducive to responsible research conduct. In support of this assertion, the issue of research misconduct and its potential consequences for both…

  20. Adolescent Girls' Perceptions of Daily Conflicts With Their Mothers : Within-Conflict Sequences and Their Relationship to Autonomy

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lichtwarck-Aschoff, Anna; Kunnen, Saskia; van Geert, Paul

    2010-01-01

    This article reports on a 1-year diary study of conflicts between seventeen 15-year-old girls and their mothers assessing (a) within-conflict sequences according to the emotional processes related to a girl's level of self-assertion and perceived control and (b) the relationship between these within

  1. Adolescent girls' perceptions of daily conflicts with their mothers: Within-conflict sequences and their relationship to autonomy

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lichtwarck-Aschoff, A.; Kunnen, E.S.; Geert, P.L.C. van

    2010-01-01

    This article reports on a 1-year diary study of conflicts between seventeen 15-year-old girls and their mothers assessing (a) within-conflict sequences according to the emotional processes related to a girl's level of self-assertion and perceived control and (b) the relationship between these within

  2. Adolescent Girls' Perceptions of Daily Conflicts with Their Mothers: Within-Conflict Sequences and Their Relationship to Autonomy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lichtwarck-Aschoff, Anna; Kunnen, Saskia; van Geert, Paul

    2010-01-01

    This article reports on a 1-year diary study of conflicts between seventeen 15-year-old girls and their mothers assessing (a) within-conflict sequences according to the emotional processes related to a girl's level of self-assertion and perceived control and (b) the relationship between these within-conflict sequences and the level of autonomy.…

  3. Maximizing Teaching through Brain Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pattridge, Gregory C.

    2009-01-01

    Teachers and parents who read about the brain on the Internet should do so critically to determine fact from opinion. Are the assertions real about certain methods/strategies that claim to be based on brain research? Will they make a difference in their teaching and in achievement levels? Turning theory into fact take time and replication of solid…

  4. Transforming Your Regional Economy through Uncertainty and Surprise: Learning from Complexity Science, Network Theory and the Field

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holley, June

    The field of regional development blossomed in the last decade, as researchers and practitioners increasingly asserted that the region was the most effective geographic unit for supporting the excellence and innovation of entrepreneurs. See, for example, the many studies by the European Union and the work by Michael Porter.

  5. Gender Leadership in Cape Coast Municipality Primary Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Agezo, Clement K.; Hope, Warren C.

    2011-01-01

    Leadership literature has over the years, included assertions about differences between female and male leadership. Although no definitive conclusion has been reached concerning one gender being more effective at leadership than another, female and male leadership characteristics have been proffered. The literature posits that females are more…

  6. Dance and Essence: Reflections on Morality and Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hodes, Stuart

    1995-01-01

    Asserts that the self-actualizing and expressive nature of dance contributes to an intuitive sense of morality. Criticizes the body versus mind dualism and antibody bias implicit in the Western intellectual tradition. Contrasts the aggressive nature of sports with the expressive character of dance. (MJP)

  7. The Ecological Approach to Language Development: A Radical Solution to Chomsky's and Quine's Problems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reed, Edward S.

    1995-01-01

    Asserts that several of the assumptions underlying Noam Chomsky's and W. V. O. Quine's theories of language acquisition and development are misleading or false. It is argued, among other things, that children do not "acquire" language, but rather learn how to participate in the linguistic community surrounding them. (99 references) (MDM)

  8. Forget Me Not: Dementia in Prison

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maschi, Tina; Kwak, Jung; Ko, Eunjeong; Morrissey, Mary B.

    2012-01-01

    The number of older adults with dementia in U.S. prisons is rapidly rising. Yet, the vast majority of this marginalized subgroup of the aging population is left neglected behind bars without access to adequate medical and mental health care services. We assert that proactive, interdisciplinary collaborative efforts to improve practice, policy, and…

  9. Problematizing Assumptions, Examining Dilemmas, and Exploring Promising Possibilities in Culturally Relevant Pedagogy. A Response to "'I Didn't See It as a Cultural Thing': Supervisors of Student Teachers Define and Describe Culturally Responsive Supervision"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dantas-Whitney, Maria; Ulveland, R. Dana

    2016-01-01

    In response to the study and recommendations presented in the article "I Didn't See it as a Cultural Thing," written by Linda Griffin, Dyan Watson and Tonda Liggett, we explore three interrelated topics. First, we seek to problematize some of the assumptions in the study. We review some of the authors' approaches and assertions that seem…

  10. An Overview of the Literature Measuring Education Cost Differentials

    Science.gov (United States)

    Golebiewski, Julie Anna

    2011-01-01

    Educational cost functions are used to estimate the additional costs associated with certain student and school district characteristics. Scholars and policymakers often assert that the results of cost function analysis can be used to distribute state aid more equitably among school districts. This technique, commonly referred to as "costing out,"…

  11. Multiculturalism and the Liberal Arts College: Faculty Perceptions of Pedagogy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aleman, Ana M. Martinez; Salkever, Katya

    This is a qualitative study of faculty perceptions of the relationship between pedagogy, liberal education, and multiculturalism. The incompatibility of liberal education and multiculturalism ground this study along with the assertion that teaching and learning are central to the liberal education mission. Nineteen faculty members participated in…

  12. Developing Adolescents' Resistance to Sexual Coercion through Role-Playing Activities in a Virtual World

    Science.gov (United States)

    McGinn, Marion; Arnedillo-Sánchez, Inmaculada

    2015-01-01

    This paper explores the use of a three dimensional virtual world (3-DVW) to delivery assertiveness training to young adolescents. The case study aims to understand how a sense of presence in VWs facilitates and affect the performance of students role-playing activities to enhance their ability to resist sexual coercion. The results indicate that a…

  13. Oral History in the Gender and Communication Course

    Science.gov (United States)

    Treinen, Kristen

    2014-01-01

    The power of stories is well documented. Scott Russell Sanders (1997) maintained that stories have the power to build community and help us see the world through others' eyes. Furthermore, Sanders (1997) asserted that "stories teach us that every gesture, every act, every choice we make sends ripples of influence into the future" (p. 3).…

  14. The Three Roots of Cuban Heritage. (Los Tres Raices de la Herencia Cubana.)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alzaga, Florinda

    1980-01-01

    Discusses legacies of traits left by Cuba's three ethnic streams--the Spanish, Black, and Taino--that together explain Cuban personality and way of life. Asserts that by understanding what each group has contributed, Cubans can better know themselves and better project for their future, both individually and collectively. (DS)

  15. 77 FR 64567 - Product List Change

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-22

    ... Justification, Larry E. Richardson, Manager of Alliance Integration and Support, asserts that because the Postal... instant Request. Request, Attachment B at 2. Mr. Richardson contends that removal of the product from the... Commission's Web site ( http://www.prc.gov ). The Commission appoints James F. Callow to serve as...

  16. Incorporating Student-Centred Learning in Innovation and Entrepreneurship Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harkema, Saskia J. M.; Schout, Henk

    2008-01-01

    Innovation and entrepreneurship are vital for economic growth, as was already asserted by Schumpeter in 1934. In a recent survey carried out by the Ministry of Economic Affairs (Dutch Ministry of Economic Affairs, 2006) a picture emerges of The Netherlands as lagging behind when it comes to starting a company, whereby start-ups of students coming…

  17. Public Relations and Its Education: 21st Century Challenges in Definition, Role and Function.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kruckeberg, Dean

    This paper asserts that the greatest challenge for 21st century public relations practitioners will be the identification of organizational values and their reconciliation with societal values within the context of a quickly and seemingly chaotic syncretizing popular culture. This function of public relations requires considerable practitioner…

  18. Toward a Political Economy of Mathematics Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harouni, Houman

    2015-01-01

    Why do schools teach the mathematics that they do? In this essay, Houman Harouni asserts that educational institutions offer mathematics standards and curricula without providing convincing justifications and that students are tested on content whose purpose neither they nor their teachers clearly understand. He proposes a theoretical framework…

  19. School Is Hell: Gendered Fears in Teenage Horror.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jarvis, Christine

    2001-01-01

    Explores the use of schools as settings for teenage horror films. Asserts that these narratives reflect the stress of social pressures and uncertainties, particularly young girls. Focuses on the television show, "Buffy the Vampire Slayer," while making this argument. Includes references. (CMK)

  20. Content Analysis of Essays from a Cross-National Survey: Implications for Teaching Strategies in Holocaust Studies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McRoy, James J.

    The content of essays written by randomly selected samples of 1500 U.S. and 500 British secondary students on the topic "What have I learned about Adolf Hitler?" were partitioned into theme-related assertions and analyzed. An experimental group of 150 9th- and 11th-grade male students who had studied the Holocaust also contributed papers…

  1. 77 FR 69501 - Certain DC-DC Controllers and Products Containing Same; Decision To Affirm-in-Part, Reverse-in...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-19

    ... (``Consent Order'') by respondent uPI Semiconductor Corp. (``uPI'') of Hsinchu, Taiwan, and has issued a...''); 6,414,470 (``the '470 patent''); and 7,132,717 (``the '717 patent''); or that contain or use Richtek... or use Richtek's asserted trade secrets. He found that uPI's products developed after the...

  2. 77 FR 49022 - Certain DC-DC Controllers and Products Containing Same; Notice of Commission Decision To Review...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-15

    ..., 2010 consent order by respondent uPI Semiconductor Corp. (``uPI'') of Hsinchu, Taiwan, and is... 7,132,717 (``the `717 patent''); or that contain or use Richtek's asserted trade secrets. The... into the United States, or the sale, offer for sale, or use in the United States after...

  3. How Unexamined Premises Lead to World Oppression: John Locke, The Theory of Private Property and Money. The Iconoclast.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McMurtry, John

    1997-01-01

    Criticizes some of the basic principles expounded in John Locke's "Second Treatise on Government." Argues that Locke's ideas on private property, capital investment, and social good are inherently contradictory. Asserts that the market theory of property inevitably leads to endemic economic exploitation and oppression. (MJP)

  4. Modality, Probability, and Mental Models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hinterecker, Thomas; Knauff, Markus; Johnson-Laird, P. N.

    2016-01-01

    We report 3 experiments investigating novel sorts of inference, such as: A or B or both. Therefore, possibly (A and B). Where the contents were sensible assertions, for example, "Space tourism will achieve widespread popularity in the next 50 years or advances in material science will lead to the development of antigravity materials in the…

  5. 18 CFR 1b.16 - Rights of witnesses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... the witness and his employer, said counsel shall inform the Investigating Officer and each client of... confidence, upon his initiative or the witness' with respect to any question, and if the witness refuses to... grounds of self-incrimination, the witness must assert the privilege personally. (3) Following...

  6. Denigrating Carl Rogers: William Coulson's Last Crusade.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kirschenbaum, Howard

    1991-01-01

    Reviews William Coulson's assertions that Carl Rogers, Abraham Maslow, and he initiated the humanistic education field, that Rogers repudiated his philosophy late in life, and that they owe the nation's parents an apology. Argues that these charges are groundless and provides examples and quotations from Rogers' later writings to show how Rogers…

  7. Nobility, Competence, and Disruption: Challenges to Teacher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fenstermacher, Gary D.

    2015-01-01

    This article was comprises the keynote address presented by Gary D. Fenstermacher, at the Conference of the California Council on Teacher Education (CCTE), March 19, 2015, in San Jose, California. The subject covered Nobility, Competence, and Disruption and what they mean in teacher education. Fenstermacher presents his subject in four assertions:…

  8. A Comparison between the American Institute of Architects’ and the United States Navy’s Construction Contract General Provisions

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-01-01

    modifications would be decided on principles of promissory estoppel , authority of the party making the modification, course of conduct, waiver and estoppel ...Government from asserting their agent lacked the authority to bind the Government when it would be unjust to protect the Government and when the Government

  9. 42 CFR 2.51 - Medical emergencies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... identifying information may be disclosed to medical personnel who have a need for information about a patient... information may be disclosed to medical personnel of the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) who assert a... forth in writing: (1) The name of the medical personnel to whom disclosure was made and...

  10. The Elderly Mystique: Constraints on the Autonomy of the Elderly with Disabilities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cohen, Elias S.

    1988-01-01

    Asserts that constraints on autonomy of elderly people with disabilities arise from low goal formulation and underestimated potentials for self-realization and full participation in society. Suggests utility of reviewing effects of Women's, Mentally Retarded, and Independent Living Movements to assess presence or absence of elements analogous or…

  11. Sharpening Citizenship Skills through Electronic Discussion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Snyder, Catherine

    2008-01-01

    At the heart of social studies education is the notion that social studies teachers teach core civic values that educate citizens and perpetuate democracy. The author of this article asserts that as the democratic system continues to evolve, technology is playing a greater role in how people learn and communicate. It makes sense, then, that social…

  12. Revisiting the Process of Normalization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zener, Rita Schaefer

    1999-01-01

    Defines normalization and deviations in child development. Discusses the three different levels in the normalization process. Asserts that guiding the process of normalization should drive the practice of Montessori education. Concludes that whenever there are brief episodes of normalization, the true nature of the child shows itself. (JS)

  13. Total Quality Management (TQM) of Teaching and Learning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chizmar, John F.

    1994-01-01

    Asserts that a possible avenue for achieving national goals for undergraduate education lies in the application of total quality management (TQM) principles to teaching and learning. Discusses the TQM approach in industry and presents a TQM teaching/learning model in which the student is perceived as a customer. (CFR)

  14. Are the Odds Against the Origin of Life Too Great?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carrier, Richard

    2000-01-01

    Statistics are offered to "prove" odds against the origin of life. Presents a summary analysis of all known examples to be used to check these claims whenever they are brought up in conversations, debates, books, or articles. Addresses scientific work misused by anti-evolutionists and the pseudoscientific assertions of the anti-evolutionists…

  15. Segregation Levels in Cleveland Public Schools and the Cleveland Voucher Program. School Choice Issues in the State

    Science.gov (United States)

    Forster, Greg

    2006-01-01

    Examining the widespread claims that private schools have high segregation levels and vouchers will lead to greater segregation, this study finds that both assertions are empirically unsupportable. Private schools participating in Cleveland's voucher program are much less segregated than Cleveland's public schools. This means that students using…

  16. General Music and Children Living in Poverty

    Science.gov (United States)

    McAnally, Elizabeth Ann

    2013-01-01

    A review of recent writing makes the case that children living in poverty (urban, rural, or other) are more in jeopardy now than ever. As teachers attest and research asserts, poverty affects children in profound, complicated, and lasting ways. However, the general music program is uniquely positioned to meet children’s needs, especially those…

  17. Why Aren't Philosophers and Educators Speaking to Each Other? Some Reasons for Hope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ellett, Frederick S., Jr.

    2002-01-01

    Responds to Arcilla's article, "Why Aren't Philosophers and Educators Speaking to One Another?" noting complexities that complicate the answer and suggesting that they are indeed communicating if one accepts a broader definition of philosophers and educators. The essay asserts that little educational research and theory has had much influence on…

  18. The Dilemma of Philosophy of Education: "Relevance" or Critique? Part Two.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burbules, Nicholas C.

    2002-01-01

    Comments on several responses to Arcilla's article, "Why Aren't Philosophers and Educators Speaking to One Another?" asserting that Arcilla is correct and that there must be conversation between philosophy and education. The article recommends situated philosophy and concludes that demonstrating the viability of philosophy of education as a field,…

  19. Hedlund Paranoia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    George, Joseph C.

    1985-01-01

    Reviews Tarasoff vs. Regents of University of California (1976) and several important issues that have emerged from that decision. A review of Hedlund vs. Superior Court (1983) asserts that the Hedlund decision has been misread and that many psychologists are misinformed. (Author/NRB)

  20. Global Games

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Bottenburg, Maarten

    2001-01-01

    Why is soccer the sport of choice in South America, while baseball has soared to popularity in the Carribean? How did cricket become India's national sport, while China is a stronghold of table tennis? In Global Games, Maarten van Bottenburg asserts that it is the 'hidden competition' of social and

  1. On the Beilinson-Hodge conjecture for $H^2$ and rational varieties

    CERN Document Server

    Chatzistamatiou, Andre

    2011-01-01

    The Beilinson-Hodge conjecture asserts the surjectivity of the cycle map $$H^n_M(X,\\Q(n)) \\to {\\rm Hom}_{MHS}(\\Q(-n),H^n(X,\\Q))$$ for all positive integers $n$ and every smooth complex algebraic variety $X$. For $n=2$, we prove the conjecture if $X$ is rational.

  2. Language as Identity: Toward an Ethnography of Welsh Nationalism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khlief, Bud B.

    1979-01-01

    In Wales, the current emphasis on revival of the Welsh language and on seeking institutional supports for Welsh is an index of the resurgence of a suppressed identity, an assertion of a sense of community, and a quest for socioeconomic change. (Author/GC)

  3. Vaccine-Related Beliefs and Practices of Parents of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bazzano, Alicia; Zeldin, Ari; Schuster, Erica; Barrett, Christopher; Lehrer, Danise

    2012-01-01

    Although the assertion of a link between vaccines and autism has been scientifically rejected, the theory continues to be popular and may influence the attitudes of parents of children with autism spectrum disorders. The authors sought to assess how often parents change or discontinue their child's vaccine schedule after autism spectrum disorder…

  4. Rewarding Excellent Teaching: The Translation of a Policy Initiative in the United Kingdom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turner, Rebecca; Gosling, David

    2012-01-01

    The need to provide more significant rewards for "teaching excellence" in order to provide parity of status with research in higher education has often been asserted. This paper examines ways in which the idea of rewarding excellent teaching has been understood and translated within a large teaching and learning initiative that was…

  5. A validation study of the Brief Irrational Thoughts Inventory

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    L.M. Hoogsteder; I.B. Wissink; G.J.J.M. Stams; J.E. van Horn; J. Hendriks

    2014-01-01

    This study examines the reliability and validity of the "Brief Irrational Thoughts Inventory" (BITI) in a sample of 256 justice-involved youths. The BITI is a questionnaire used to determine the nature and severity of irrational thoughts related to aggressive (externalizing), sub-assertive (internal

  6. The Effects of Single versus Mixed Gender Treatment for Adolescent Girls with ADHD

    Science.gov (United States)

    Babinski, Dara E.; Sibley, Margaret H.; Ross, J. Megan; Pelham, William E.

    2013-01-01

    This study evaluated the social behavior of adolescents with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in single and mixed gender treatment settings. We collected ratings of social behavior (i.e., prosocial peer interactions, assertiveness, self-management, compliance, physical aggression, relational aggression) during single and mixed…

  7. Public Service Employment as Macroeconomic Policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baily, Martin N.; Solow, Robert M.

    1979-01-01

    Authors assert that public service employment (PSE) is one form of macroeconomic policy and compare PSE to tax reduction, federal subsidies, and other forms. They propose a design for an ongoing federal employment program and conclude that a PSE program aimed at the structurally unemployed creates more jobs per GNP dollar than other policies. (SK)

  8. What Do We Know about Good Community College Leaders: A Study in Leadership Trait Theory and Behavioral Leadership Theory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goff, Donald Gary

    Provides a comprehensive review of recent scholarship pertaining to leadership and community college presidents. Particular attention is paid to trait and behavioral theories of leadership. The trait theory asserts that the individual requires leadership traits as part of his or her personality and that the traits can be polished in order to be a…

  9. Dream and Creative Writing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨公建

    2015-01-01

    Freud asserts that the unconscious will express its suppressed wishes and desires. The unconscious will then redirect andreshape these concealed wishes into acceptable social activities, presenting them in the form of images or symbols in our dreams and/or our writings. Dream is the unconscious which promotes the creative writing.

  10. Reduction of crime in first-onset psychosis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stevens, Hanne; Agerbo, Esben; Dean, Kimberlie

    2013-01-01

    Violence and criminality are adverse outcomes for some persons who develop psychotic illnesses. The extent to which treatment can reduce offending has rarely been studied. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether assertive specialized treatment would reduce the rate of crime in patients...

  11. The Effects of Forgiveness Therapy on Depression, Anxiety, and Posttraumatic Stress for Women after Spousal Emotional Abuse

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reed, Gayle L.; Enright, Robert D.

    2006-01-01

    Emotionally abused women experience negative psychological outcomes long after the abusive spousal relationship has ended. This study compares forgiveness therapy (FT) with an alternative treatment (AT; anger validation, assertiveness, interpersonal skill building) for emotionally abused women who had been permanently separated for 2 or more years…

  12. Leading with Soul and Spirit.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bolman, Lee G.; Deal, Terrence E.

    2002-01-01

    Describes five qualities of effective leaders: Focus, passion, wisdom, courage, and integrity. Asserts that these qualities are rooted in faith and soul. Uses Harry Potter and Beowulf stories to illustrate spiritual development. Describes four gifts leaders can bestow on others: Authorship, love or caring, power, and significance. Authors wrote…

  13. Postscript: Winnowing out Some Take-Home Points

    Science.gov (United States)

    Botvinick, Matthew M.; Plaut, David C.

    2009-01-01

    Presents a postscript to the current authors' response to the comments by J. S. Bowers, M. F. Damian, and C. J. Davis on the current authors' original article, "Short-term memory for serial order: A recurrent neural network model,". Here, Botvinick and Plaut address Bowers et al's assertions that neurophysiological studies that have reported…

  14. Secrecy versus openness: Internet security and the limits of open source and peer production

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schmidt, A.

    2014-01-01

    Open source and peer production have been praised as organisational models that could change the world for the better. It is commonly asserted that almost any societal activity could benefit from distributed, bottom-up collaboration — by making societal interaction more open, more social, and more d

  15. Developing a Character Education Program: One School District's Experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huffman, Henry A.

    This book tells the story of a character-education effort implemented in Mt. Lebanon, Pennsylvania. It is asserted that school board members, administrators, faculty, classified staff, parents, and students all have key roles in developing a districtwide ethos that supports the core ethical values at every opportunity. The first chapter offers…

  16. ON THE EXISTENCE OF ZERO POINTS OF A CONTINUOUS FUNCTION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    A sufficient condition is given to assert that a continuous mapping between Rm and Rn has a zero. The constructive proof of the result is based upon continuation methods and supplies the existence of a path leading to the zero point.

  17. Situating the Rural Teacher Labor Market in the Broader Context: A Descriptive Analysis of the Market Dynamics in New York State

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Luke C.

    2012-01-01

    Expanding accountability systems that impose policies across all schools have amplified assertions that rural teacher labor markets differ from non-rural labor markets in meaningful ways that complicate rural schools' efforts to comply with the policy directives. The analysis presented here examines this claim by exploring teacher labor market…

  18. The Relationship between Pain, Self-Injury, and Other Problem Behaviors in Young Children with Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Courtemanche, Andrea B.; Black, William R.; Reese, R. Matthew

    2016-01-01

    Research has suggested that individuals who engage in self-injurious behavior may have enhanced expressions of pain, which contradicts previous assertions of blunted pain sensitivity in this population. The purpose of this study was to measure expressions of pain among young children being evaluated for autism and other neurodevelopmental…

  19. Evolution: a fixed-nitrogen fix in the early ocean?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lyons, Timothy W; Reinhard, Christopher T; Planavsky, Noah J

    2014-03-31

    A new study asserts that a late evolutionary leap in cyanobacterial nitrogen fixation terminated a long history of nitrogen-limited primary production in the ocean--and contributed to a dramatic increase in biospheric oxygen coincident with the rise of animals.

  20. The Emergence of Untrained Mands and Tacts in Children with Autism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Finn, Heather E.; Miguel, Caio F.; Ahearn, William H.

    2012-01-01

    Despite Skinner's (1957) assertion that verbal operants are initially functionally independent, recent studies have suggested that in some cases the acquisition of one verbal operant (e.g., mand) gives rise to the other (e.g., tact) without explicit training. The present study aimed to evaluate the functional independence of mands and tacts during…

  1. Buscando la Voz que Siempre Tenia -- In Search of the Voice I Always Had.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cline, Zulmara

    2003-01-01

    Describes the growth, development, and learning that a middle school administrative dean experienced with a Latina student who felt arbitrary rules and intercultural misunderstandings were stifling her growth. Asserts that all educators must make a personal commitment to finding their voice and promoting and understanding family, culture,…

  2. The Dalcroze Approach to Music Education: Theory and Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, William Todd

    2012-01-01

    The methods of the Dalcroze approach to music education--eurhythmics, solfege, and improvisation--have had a profound influence on modern music education. In particular, the overt training in kinesthetic abilities, and the assertion that the relationship between music and movement is an intimate one, is at the heart of Dalcroze's approach to…

  3. Linux Adventures on a Laptop. Computers in Small Libraries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roberts, Gary

    2005-01-01

    This article discusses the pros and cons of open source software, such as Linux. It asserts that despite the technical difficulties of installing and maintaining this type of software, ultimately it is helpful in terms of knowledge acquisition and as a beneficial investment librarians can make in themselves, their libraries, and their patrons.…

  4. Facebook, Social Networking, and Business Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taylor, Steven A.; Mulligan, Jamie R.; Ishida, Chiharu

    2012-01-01

    Brown (2012) asserts that faculty perceptions of Web 2.0 for teaching will influence its adoption. For example, social media's influence on educational delivery is growing (Hrastinski and Dennon 2012). Zulu et al. (2011) note that business educators are only beginning to understand social networking related to education. We report an exploratory…

  5. The Coming of the French Revolution in Multi-Media.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Gregory S.

    2001-01-01

    Asserts that the use of multimedia furthers historians' work as opposed to changing it. Explores three objectives that multimedia allows historians to achieve: (1) the issue of representation; (2) the concern with emphasizing historical thinking skills; and (3) the topic of how others appropriate history. (CMK)

  6. Liberal and Conservative Multiculturalism after September 11.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Antonette, Lesliee

    2003-01-01

    Asserts that learning to navigate tensions within the discourse on multiculturalism requires understanding of the concept itself. Describes the history of multiculturalism; conservative and liberal multiculturalism; globalism and the formation of American identity; and how educators can restore balance. Concludes that using a multicultural…

  7. Acquisition of English by Korean Children: A Longitudinal Analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Eun-Joo

    1998-01-01

    Longitudinally investigated the development of interlanguage by two Korean speakers of English to better understand the second-language acquisition process. In particular it tested the aspect hypothesis that asserts that verb inflections in early interlanguage systems function primarily as markers of lexical aspect. (Author/VWL)

  8. 75 FR 50859 - Airworthiness Directives; The Boeing Company Model 737-600, -700, -700C, -800, and -900 Series...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-18

    ... Boeing Commercial Airplanes, Attention: Data & Services Management, P.O. Box 3707, MC 2H-65, Seattle... assembly and through the housing. AirTran asserts that an arc of this significance would trip the currently... conditions identified in the NPRM. CAL contends that the use of arc fault circuit interrupters (AFCIs) is...

  9. Selection and Effects of Channels in Distributed Communication and Decision-Making Tasks: A Theoretical Review and a Proposed Research Paradigm

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-04-01

    sociolinguistic and conversational analysis and (2) studies of code selection and mdality constraints. Sociolinguists and conversational analysts have...involve what is accomplished by what is said or assert speaker intent). Workinq with texts of naturally occurinq communications, sociolinguists have...personal confidence. Conversational analysts have also developed powerful predictive models for sociolinguistic variables in discourse structure. Sacks

  10. Rethinking Formalisms in Formal Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nathan, Mitchell J.

    2012-01-01

    I explore a belief about learning and teaching that is commonly held in education and society at large that nonetheless is deeply flawed. The belief asserts that mastery of "formalisms"--specialized representations such as symbolic equations and diagrams with no inherent meaning except that which is established by convention--is prerequisite to…

  11. Technē/Technology : Researching Cinema and Media Technologies - Their Development, Use, and Impact

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van den Oever, Annie

    2014-01-01

    Technē/Technology is the up-to-date critical volume on the theories, philosophies, and debates on technology and their productivity for the fields of film and media studies. Comprehensive as well as innovative, it is not organised around a single thesis - except the assertion that technique is a maj

  12. The Role of Islam in the Public Square

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sachedina, Abdulaziz

    2006-01-01

    The Role of Islam in the Public Square tackles the critical role of religion in the development of democratic institutions in Afghanistan and Iraq. Constitutional debates, Abdulaziz Sachedina asserts, have yet to address the role of religious convictions alongside their citizens's basic freedoms and

  13. The Gifted and the Shadow of the Night: Dabrowski's Overexcitabilities and Their Correlation to Insomnia, Death Anxiety, and Fear of the Unknown

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harrison, Gregory E.; Van Haneghan, James P.

    2011-01-01

    Purportedly fear of the unknown, death anxiety, and insomnia are prevalent problems among some gifted individuals. The present study tested this assertion and examined the relationship of these variables to Dabrowski's (1967) overexcitabilities. The study involved 73 gifted and 143 typical middle and high school adolescents who were given a death…

  14. Identification of Psychological Dysfunctions and Eating Disorders in Obese Women Seeking Weight Loss: Cross-Sectional Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maude Panchaud Cornut

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective. The aim of this study is to analyse associations between eating behaviour and psychological dysfunctions in treatment-seeking obese patients and identify parameters for the development of diagnostic tools with regard to eating and psychological disorders. Design and Methods. Cross-sectional data were analysed from 138 obese women. Bulimic Investigatory Test of Edinburgh and Eating Disorder Inventory-2 assessed eating behaviours. Beck Depression Inventory II, Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, form Y, Rathus Assertiveness Schedule, and Marks and Mathews Fear Questionnaire assessed psychological profile. Results. 61% of patients showed moderate or major depressive symptoms and 77% showed symptoms of anxiety. Half of the participants presented with a low degree of assertiveness. No correlation was found between psychological profile and age or anthropometric measurements. The prevalence and severity of depression, anxiety, and assertiveness increased with the degree of eating disorders. The feeling of ineffectiveness explained a large degree of score variance. It explained 30 to 50% of the variability of assertiveness, phobias, anxiety, and depression. Conclusion. Psychological dysfunctions had a high prevalence and their severity is correlated with degree of eating disorders. The feeling of ineffectiveness constitutes the major predictor of the psychological profile and could open new ways to develop screening tools.

  15. INSTABILITY OF TRAVELING WAVES OF THE KURAMOTO-SIVASHINSKY EQUATION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    Consider any traveling wave solution of the Kuramoto-Sivashinsky equation that is asymptotic to a constant as x → +∞. The authors prove that it is nonlinearly unstable under H1perturbations. The proof is based on a general theorem in Banach spaces asserting that linear instability implies nonlinear instability.

  16. To Stay or Not to Stay: Non-Combatant Evacuation Operations and Their Impact on Host Nation/Regional Stability

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-06-13

    conflicted claims. Japan, Taiwan, Vietnam, Malaysia , Philippines and Brunei have continued to assert their territorial claims which have resulted in...departments have cultural biases, vastly different planning capacities and resources. These differences in the way personnel of State and Defense...150 people were killed and over a thousand others were injured. The Presidential Guard also publicly raped many of the female protestors. Forty

  17. The Territorial Sea: Prospects for the United States.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Littleton, Richard K.

    The history of the territorial sea and legislative practices associated with its boundaries are examined in this study. The survey includes information related to: (l) the history of territorial zones (tracing evolutionary development and impacts); (2) United States practices (examining the purpose of authority asserted in the territorial sea);…

  18. Early Childhood Education in Nigeria: A Reality or a Mirage?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ajayi, Hannah O.

    2008-01-01

    Education is the right of every child and must not be denied it for any reason. This has been the assertion of the World Summit on the state of global children, which has led to the inclusion and expansion of early childhood care and education in the global Education for All programme (EFA). As Nigeria has pledged its commitment to this, with the…

  19. Evolving Systems of Care with Total Clinical Outcomes Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lyons, John S.; Epstein, Richard A.; Jordan, Neil

    2010-01-01

    The current article proposes that further specification of the system of care concept is required. Based on the assertions that the system of care concept (a) refers to an ideal as opposed to an observable phenomenon, and (b) is engaged in offering transformational experiences, the authors propose that the system of care definition must be…

  20. The Burnout Syndrome: Caring for Yourself.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muldoon, John F.

    1980-01-01

    The author explores the problem of burnout among staff in human services fields. Three causes of burnout are cited: environmental factors, cultural predispositions, and personal characteristics. Burnout, the author asserts, can be prevented through self-reflection, care of the body, learning to relax, and working on aspects of the work environment…

  1. Environmental History in the American West.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rothman, Hal K.

    1994-01-01

    Asserts that environmental history is an important component of the history of the American west. Discusses the historiography of the American west in relationship to environmental issues. Concludes that environmental history opened the door for scholars to study the way human beings interact with the physical world around them. (CFR)

  2. Book Review of "Learning and Development: Making Connections To Enhance Teaching" by S. L. Silverman and M. E. Casazza.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gallineau, Timothy L.

    2001-01-01

    Asserts that use of case studies and reflection statements in Silverman and Casazza's book helps to link educational theory to practice and reinforce the TRPP (theory, research, principles, and practice) model. Concludes that this book can help learners, educators, and teachers work toward an active learning environment and that the book would…

  3. Explaining the Development of False Memories.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reyna, Valerie F.; Holliday, Robyn; Marche, Tammy

    2002-01-01

    Reviews explanatory dimensions of children's false memory relevant to forensic practice: measurement, development, social factors, individual differences, varieties of memories and memory judgments, and varieties of procedures inducing false memories. Asserts that recent studies fail to use techniques that separate acquiescence from memory…

  4. What Is Essential in Standard Setting and Construct Maps? Commentary on Adam E. Wyse's "Construct Maps as a Foundation for Standard Setting"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schulz, E. Matthew

    2013-01-01

    In this article, E. Matthew Schulz responds to Adam Wyse's article, "Construct Maps as a Foundation for Standard Setting." In doing so, he asserts that one of the most important ideas in Wyse's work is that information used in standard setting needs to be better represented through the use of graphics. However, he's not…

  5. Cultural Agents Creating Texts: A Collaborative Space Adventure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Daniels, Karen

    2014-01-01

    This paper discusses the ways in which young children collaboratively use narrative play and the available space and materials around them in order to exert cultural agency. The collaborative creation of texts is asserted as central to this expression of agency. By presenting an illustrative vignette of a group of 5-year-old boys as they engage in…

  6. Facilitating Better Teamwork: Analyzing the Challenges and Strategies of Classroom-Based Collaboration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fredrick, Terri A.

    2008-01-01

    To help students develop teamwork skills, teachers should be aware of the strategies students already employ to assert authority and manage conflict. Researchers studying engineering students have identified two such approaches: transfer-of-knowledge sequences, in which students emulate teacher and pupil roles; and collaborative sequences, in…

  7. The Development of a Sport-Based Life Skills Scale for Youth to Young Adults, 11-23 Years of Age

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cauthen, Hillary Ayn

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to develop a sport-based life skills scale that assesses 20 life skills: goal setting, time management, communication, coping, problem solving, leadership, critical thinking, teamwork, self-discipline, decision making, planning, organizing, resiliency, motivation, emotional control, patience, assertiveness, empathy,…

  8. The Need for Educational Freedom in the Nation's Capital. Policy Analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lartigue, Casey J.

    This report asserts that the the District of Columbia Public Schools (DCPS) are failing. The report claims that teacher incompetence, bureaucratic corruption, crumbling infrastructure, violence, lax academic standards, and wasteful spending are some of the many problems, and children attending the DCPS are not receiving a quality education.…

  9. Corrupting the Curriculum? The Case of Geography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lambert, David; Morgan, John

    2009-01-01

    This paper considers influences on the contemporary school curriculum in England. It does so mainly through a critical analysis of one significant critique of the curriculum made by the think tank Civitas in their collection of essays asserting the "corruption" of the curriculum, published in 2007. The paper places the Civitas position in a wider…

  10. Dual Language Exposure and Early Bilingual Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoff, Erifka; Core, Cynthia; Place, Silvia; Rumiche, Rosario; Senor, Melissa; Parra, Marisol

    2012-01-01

    The extant literature includes conflicting assertions regarding the influence of bilingualism on the rate of language development. The present study compared the language development of equivalently high-SES samples of bilingually and monolingually developing children from 1 ; 10 to 2 ; 6. The monolingually developing children were significantly…

  11. Raising Children Who Care.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kohn, Alfie

    2000-01-01

    Presents excerpt from Kohn's 1990 book, asserting that parents are most important to children and need to project a positive view of life. Argues that caring, the absence of physical punishment, guiding and explaining, cooperating, and taking children seriously are required to offset the pressure and negative values that a competitive culture…

  12. Deficiency in the Opioid Hypotheses of Self-Injurious Behavior.

    Science.gov (United States)

    King, Bryan H.; And Others

    1991-01-01

    This commentary critiques two papers by Curt Sandman, pointing out interpretive problems in models explaining self-injurious behavior in terms of opioids. Withdrawal effects are emphasized as an alternative to hypotheses asserting congenital opioid excess as a cause of sensory depression or an addiction to a relative excess of opioid activity in…

  13. 75 FR 35123 - Notice of Buy America Waiver for Minivans and Minivan Chassis

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-21

    ... Toyota has not responded to public procurements.\\1\\ \\1\\ Contrary to Chrysler's assertion that Toyota has not responded to public procurements, in May 2010 FTA learned that Toyota may have certified... to communicate with Toyota by letter, e-mail, and telephone to determine whether Toyota is...

  14. The NaNO3-KNO3 system: the position of solidus and sub-solidus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kerridge, D. H.; Berg, Rolf W.

    2004-01-01

    as was earlier believed and has again been asserted recently. Additional evidence from Raman spectroscopy and Raman mapping on the 50:50 mole % (minimum melting point) composition is now presented, supporting the eutectic classification. Abrupt changes in wavenumber, or in the wavenumber-temperature gradient...

  15. A Developmental Inquiry into Biophilia: Children's Affiliation with Nature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kahn, Peter H., Jr.

    This paper examines the biophilia hypothesis put forth by E. O. Wilson, which asserts the existence of a fundamental, genetically-based human need and propensity to affiliate with other living organisms and lifelike processes. It reviews research by Wilson and others that supports the biophilia hypothesis, and examines some of the issues and…

  16. Mediated Language Immersion and Teacher Ideologies: Investigating Trauma Pedagogy within a "Physics in Spanish" Course Activity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Settlage, John; Gort, Mileidis; Ceglie, Robert J.

    2014-01-01

    Trauma pedagogy occupies an intriguing space within the discourse about effective teaching of culturally and linguistically diverse students, particularly in relation to preservice teacher notions of power. One set of messages received by future teachers strongly advocates for asserting authority within the classroom by taking control via strict…

  17. Testing to Learn: A Personal View of Language Testing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tomlinson, Brian

    2005-01-01

    This article advocates making the provision of opportunities for learning the main objective of language testing. It recognizes the need for tests to be fair, valid, and reliable, but asserts the priority of what it calls "learning validity", in order to prevent time being wasted on language courses on tests, and the preparation for them. The…

  18. Ethics in person centered medicine: conceptual place and ongoing developments.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mezzich, J.E.; Appleyard, J.; Botbol, M.; Ghebrehiwet, T.; Groves, J.; Salloum, I.; Dulmen, S. van

    2013-01-01

    Person centered medicine may be defined by its placing the whole person at the center of health and health care. And because of this, ethics seems to be at the core of person centered medicine. The bases for this assertion are briefly delineated in this statement along with a capsular review of the

  19. Does Ethnolinguistic Vitality Theory Account for the Actual Vitality of Ethnic Groups? A Critical Evaluation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yagmur, Kutlay

    2011-01-01

    Ethnolinguistic vitality theory asserts that Status, Demographic, Institutional Support and Control factors make up the vitality of ethnolinguistic groups. An assessment of a group's strengths and weaknesses in each of these dimensions provides a rough classification of ethnolinguistic groups into those having low, medium, or high vitality. Low…

  20. A Lesson for High-School Students: The Vietnamese Economy since 1986.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sweeney, Jo Ann; Foster, Stuart

    1995-01-01

    Presents an inquiry lesson about social, economic, and political changes in Vietnam since 1986. Discusses the background for the lesson and asserts that students will use processes of inquiry and critical thinking to complete the assignments. Includes instructional materials and suggestions. (CFR)