WorldWideScience

Sample records for assertiveness

  1. Assertive Discipline and Research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barrett, Elden R.

    Assertive Discipline is an outgrowth of Canter and Associates' professional efforts in both working directly with children with behavior problems and consulting with teachers on how to deal effectively with such children. Assertive Discipline is an in-depth approach to classroom and school discipline. Lee and Marlene Canter first published…

  2. Assertiveness through Semantics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zuercher, Nancy T.

    1983-01-01

    Suggests that connotations of assertiveness do not convey all of its meanings, particularly the components of positive feelings, communication, and cooperation. The application of semantics can help restore the balance. Presents a model for differentiating assertive behavior and clarifying the definition. (JAC)

  3. Assertiveness and Physical Attractiveness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kleim, David M.; And Others

    Earlier research investigating the relationship between physical attractiveness and assertiveness found that physically attractive females were more assertive than other females. To investigate this relationship further and to broaden the scope of the study, 69 students were videotaped in groups of five to ten while responding to open-ended…

  4. ASSERT-4 user's manual

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    ASSERT-4 is an advanced subchannel code being developed primarily to model single- and two-phase flow and heat transfer in horizontal rod bundles. This manual is intended to facilitate the application of this code to the analysis of flow in reactor fuel channels. It contains a brief description of the thermalhydraulic model and ASSERT-4 solution scheme, and other information required by users. This other information includes a detailed discussion of input data requirements, a sample problem and solution, and information describing how to access and run ASSERT-4 on the Chalk River computers

  5. Vision, knowledge, and assertion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turri, John

    2016-04-01

    I report two experiments studying the relationship among explicit judgments about what people see, know, and should assert. When an object of interest was surrounded by visibly similar items, it diminished people's willingness to judge that an agent sees, knows, and should tell others that it is present. This supports the claim, made by many philosophers, that inhabiting a misleading environment intuitively decreases our willingness to attribute perception and knowledge. However, contrary to stronger claims made by some philosophers, inhabiting a misleading environment does not lead to the opposite pattern whereby people deny perception and knowledge. Causal modeling suggests a specific psychological model of how explicit judgments about perception, knowledge, and assertability are made: knowledge attributions cause perception attributions, which in turn cause assertability attributions. These findings advance understanding of how these three important judgments are made, provide new evidence that knowledge is the norm of assertion, and highlight some important subtleties in folk epistemology.

  6. Using assertions with trace

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nazimek, Piotr

    2015-09-01

    Algorithms for dynamic detection of assertions are designed to find different types of dependences in programs based only on information collected during their execution without static analysis. Specificity of those algorithms and limited quantity of data to analyze needs to investigate the usage principle of discovered assertions for software dependability increase. This article introduces techniques for increasing usage efficiency of detected assertions through using program execution trace. Concept of trace and of an assertion with trace were defined. The work describes algorithms for reducing the number of traces, shortening traces lengths and reducing the number of observation points identifiers in traces. For several applications fault injection based experiments were conducted in order to check the effectiveness of the proposed approach.

  7. Individual Assertiveness and Health

    OpenAIRE

    Sheinov V. P.

    2014-01-01

    An analytical overview of researches carried out abroad, where the relationship between individual’s assertiveness and their psychological health, depression and dangerous addictions were studied, is given in the article. It is stated that assertiveness supports psychological health, psychological maturity, adequate self-esteem; it helps to get rid of low self-reliance; decreases anxiety level and fears; boosts self-esteem and self-respect; protects from emotional problems; helps to overcome ...

  8. ASSERTIVE COMMUNICATION SKILLS

    OpenAIRE

    Maria Daniela Pipas; Mohammad Jaradat2

    2010-01-01

    Assertive communication is the ability to speak and interact in a manner thatconsiders and respects the rights and opinions of others while also standing up for your own rights,needs and personal boundaries. Assertive communication skills create opportunities for opendiscussion with a variety of opinions, needs and choices to be respectfully heard and considered inorder to achieve a win-win solution to certain problems. It can strengthen your relationships,reducing stress from conflict and pr...

  9. Individual Assertiveness and Health

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sheinov V. P.

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available An analytical overview of researches carried out abroad, where the relationship between individual’s assertiveness and their psychological health, depression and dangerous addictions were studied, is given in the article. It is stated that assertiveness supports psychological health, psychological maturity, adequate self-esteem; it helps to get rid of low self-reliance; decreases anxiety level and fears; boosts self-esteem and self-respect; protects from emotional problems; helps to overcome stress, to give up smoking and generally to be more successful and less prone to depression. For medical workers, it helps to improve treatment of their patients.

  10. Assertive Training in Groups

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sansbury, David L.

    1974-01-01

    This article describes a group approach to helping the nonassertive client. After describing the group composition and goals, he presents a session by session description for conducting the assertive training group. In addition, he presents suggestions based on experiences in leading the group. (Author)

  11. Assertive Training for Professional Women

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brockway, Barbara Stephens

    1976-01-01

    Many women have undergone assertive training to prepare themselves for the demands of a professional career or independent life style. In the case of professional women, this article suggests that assertive training should focus more on altering certain socialization processes than on increasing overt assertiveness skills. (Author)

  12. Therapeutic Issues in Assertiveness Training.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rotheram, Mary Jane

    1984-01-01

    Examines the application of systems analyses to assertive/unassertive communications. Contends that (1) the definition of assertiveness varies depending on one's frame of reference, (2) interpersonal networks must be considered in designing assertion programs, and (3) the trainee's initial communication style influences the effectiveness of the…

  13. A Perspective for Assertiveness Training for Blacks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Minor, Billy Joe

    1978-01-01

    This article discussess assertiveness in the Black-White encounter. The author delineates the assertive options available to Blacks, distortions in interpretation of assertive messages, and strategies for more effective and efficient assertions. (Author)

  14. Assertive behavior: advantages and perception

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sheinov V.

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available In this information-analytical paper analyzes and summarizes the results of all available international research and assertiveness assertive behavior relating to the identification of their strengths and the perception of these phenomena in society. Are some suggestions for overcoming the problems detected.

  15. A Historical Approach to Assertiveness

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivelina Peneva

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available A very important personal quality is to be able to advocate for yourself - your own positions, to achieve your objectives, to overcome difficulties,to be determined, but without harming the rights of others and to be able to control the aggressive impulses. The concept, which expressesthese personal characteristics, is called "assertiveness". Assertiveness is a part of the personal potential. It is a prerequisite for self-actualization.The goal we set in this historical-psychological paper is to explore the genesis, development and stabilization of the term "assertiveness". Inthis context, we will examine, compare and analyze the positions of the leading authors on this issue.

  16. A Historical Approach to Assertiveness

    OpenAIRE

    Ivelina Peneva; Stoil Mavrodiev

    2013-01-01

    A very important personal quality is to be able to advocate for yourself - your own positions, to achieve your objectives, to overcome difficulties,to be determined, but without harming the rights of others and to be able to control the aggressive impulses. The concept, which expressesthese personal characteristics, is called "assertiveness". Assertiveness is a part of the personal potential. It is a prerequisite for self-actualization.The goal we set in this historical-psychological paper is...

  17. Middle School PE--Assertiveness Training.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Banks, William H., Jr.; Smith-Fee, Cindy

    1989-01-01

    This article describes a promising approach to the implementation of psycho-social goals in middle school physical education: assertiveness training. Assertiveness is distinguished from aggressiveness, and several assertiveness activities for the curriculum are suggested. (IAH)

  18. Asertivnost in zdravstvo: Assertiveness and health care:

    OpenAIRE

    Černelič Bizjak, Maša

    2009-01-01

    The paper investigates the construct of assertiveness, the definitions, conceptions, components of assertiveness and measurements of assertive behavior. The results of various studies analyzing the relation between relevant correlates are presented. Special attention is focused on the importance of patient assertiveness and the assertiveness among professional nurses. It has been confirmed that nurses need to develop and use adequate assertiveness skills in order to protect themselves from em...

  19. The Pointer Assertion Logic Engine

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møller, Anders; Schwartzbach, Michael Ignatieff

    2001-01-01

    We present a new framework for verifying partial specifications of programs in order to catch type and memory errors and check data structure invariants. Our technique can verify a large class of data structures, namely all those that can be expressed as graph types. Earlier versions were...... restricted to simple special cases such as lists or trees. Even so, our current implementation is as fast as the previous specialized tools. Programs are annotated with partial specifications expressed in Pointer Assertion Logic, a new notation for expressing properties of the program store. We work...... in the logical tradition by encoding the programs and partial specifications as formulas in monadic second-order logic. Validity of these formulas is checked by the MONA tool, which also can provide explicit counterexamples to invalid formulas. To make verification decidable, the technique requires explicit loop...

  20. Assertiveness and problem solving in midwives

    OpenAIRE

    Yurtsal, Zeliha Burcu; Özdemir, Levent

    2015-01-01

    Background: Midwifery profession is required to bring solutions to problems and a midwife is expected to be an assertive person and to develop midwifery care. This study was planned to examine the relationship between assertiveness and problem-solving skills of midwives. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted with 201 midwives between July 2008 and February 2009 in the city center of Sivas. The Rathus Assertiveness Schedule (RAS) and Problem Solving Inventory (PSI) we...

  1. The structure of assertiveness: a confirmatory approach

    OpenAIRE

    ARRINDELL, WA; Sanderman, R; VANDERMOLEN, H; Vanderende, J.; MERSCH, PP

    1988-01-01

    By using confirmatory factor analysis, distress and performance factors of assertion identified previously in a sample of predomi- nantly agoraphobic club members (N = 703) employing the Scale for Interpersonal Behavior (SlB) - the factors being (I) Display of negative feelings; (II) Expression of and dealing with personal limitations; (III) Initiating assertiveness; and (IV) Praising others and the abili to deal with compliments/praise of others (positive assertion) - were shown to be reprod...

  2. THE ASSERTIVENESS OF PEOPLE WHO PRACTICE KARATE

    OpenAIRE

    Szark-Eckardt Miroslawa.; Golebiewski Piotr; Cieslicka Miroslawa.; Stankiewicz Blazej.

    2012-01-01

    Assertiveness is the ability to express your thoughts, beliefs and opinions without the feeling of internal tension, that is why it is a desired trait of character. One of the examples of sports disciplines in which assertiveness can play a desired role is karate. One of the aims of this paper was to answer the question, whether the act of doing karate influences the level of assertiveness among people who practice it and to compare the results with the level of assertiveness declared by peop...

  3. A Peer Assertiveness-Training Program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sandmeyer, Louise E.; And Others

    1979-01-01

    This program extends the availability of assertiveness training to students through the use of paraprofessionals as group leaders. This article describes a format for developing a peer assertiveness-training program and is based on the authors' experience conducting this program during the 1977-78 academic year at Pennsylvania State University.…

  4. Assertiveness Training and the Mentally Retarded.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Granat, Jay P.

    1978-01-01

    This article reviews some of the basic principles of assertiveness training and explains the application of this treatment to the habilitation of mentally retarded adults. It presents qualitative data regarding the value of assertiveness training in a counseling group of mentally retarded persons and proposes several guidelines for counselors.…

  5. 32 CFR 537.9 - Assertion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... STATES § 537.9 Assertion. (a) Asserting demands. If a prima facie claim exists under state law, a written...) Lost pay will be obtained from the leave or earnings statement or the active duty pay chart for the... did not receive either due to the length of time off assigned duty. The time off duty will be based...

  6. Staff's perceptions of voluntary assertiveness skills training.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McVanel, Sarah; Morris, Beth

    2010-01-01

    Clinicians' ability to be assertive when unsure or concerned about procedures, treatment modalities, or patients' symptoms is key in reducing risk and preventing sentinel events. In this article, the authors provide a framework for generic, voluntary assertiveness communication skills workshops that any educator can implement. PMID:21119378

  7. Assertiveness Training for Job-Seeking Skills

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ball, Patricia G.; McLoughlin, Mary Ellen

    1977-01-01

    Assertiveness Training for Job-Seeking Skills includes skill development in initiating the job search; arranging actual interviews; preparing a resume; articulating strengths, weaknesses, and career objectives; responding assertively in interviews; asking appropriate questions; accepting or rejecting job offers; confronting discrimination;…

  8. [Cognitive and emotional approach to assertiveness].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Azaïs, F; Granger, B; Debray, Q; Ducroix, C

    1999-01-01

    Assertiveness is an individual function which allows adaptation to social interaction. It needs an heterogeneous psychological processus using behavioral, cognitive and emotional components in its expression. Dysfunction in assertiveness contributes to anxious, depressive and personality disorders, representing a frequent impairment for patients. Assertiveness was measured in a population of patients with anxious disorders (n = 33) without concomitant major depression. Rathus Assertiveness Schedule was used for the clinical evaluation, Beck Depression Inventory, Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Inventory and Coopersmith Inventory was also used for clinical measure of depression, anxiety and self-esteem. Global score to Rathus Assertiveness, correlated no specifically with all the others emotional factors. This multidimensional function would benefit to a more discriminant approach, measuring first behavioral and cognitive skills employed in social adaptation and secondly the emotional component of the processus. PMID:10546092

  9. THE ASSERTIVENESS OF PEOPLE WHO PRACTICE KARATE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Szark-Eckardt Miroslawa

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Assertiveness is the ability to express your thoughts, beliefs and opinions without the feeling of internal tension, that is why it is a desired trait of character. One of the examples of sports disciplines in which assertiveness can play a desired role is karate. One of the aims of this paper was to answer the question, whether the act of doing karate influences the level of assertiveness among people who practice it and to compare the results with the level of assertiveness declared by people who do other sports. The method applied in this paper was the diagnostics survey, while the tool was the questionnaire form based on the Rathus Assertiveness Scale. 50 students who practice karate on regular basis and 50 students who do other sports participated in the research. It is undeniable that the level of assertiveness among people who practice karate is higher in comparison to people who do other sports. Karate doers, both men and women obtained better results compared to the second group of sportsmen/women. This regularity can be observed among men, but it is more perceptible among women. As the research presents, people who attend karate trainings at least three times a week are characterized by a higher level of assertiveness in comparison to those who attend the training once a week.

  10. ASSERT development and validation recent progress

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    At the time of the conference, the ASSERT code was being developed to address the three-dimensional computation of flow and phase distribution and fuel-element surface temperatures on a local or subchannel basis within CANDU PHWR fuel channels, and to provide a detailed prediction of critical heat flux (CHF) throughout the fuel channel. This paper briefly describes the ASSERT code and its CHF assessment methodology, and several recent validation exercises concerning applications of the code to simulations relevant to CANDU-PHWR fuel channel conditions. Results are presented of a preliminary ASSERT analysis of the Stern Laboratory full-scale water critical heat flux tests. The initial data from the nominal (uncrept) pressure tube tests for steady-state onset-of dryout conditions was applied to ASSERT. An advanced (pre-experiment) prediction of the Stern Laboratory tests in a crept pressure tube was completed using ASSERT. The purpose of the study was to give the relative reduction in initial fuel channel dryout power for a crept pressure tube compared to the nominal pressure tube for the same boundary conditions. This paper discusses recent ASSERT code validation of two CHF experiments with full-scale vertical flow bundles with Freon coolant; these experiments discussed the effect of fuel bundle radial heat flux distribution (RFD) on CHF. The purpose of the study was to confirm the ability of the ASSERT code to predict the correct parametric trends in dryout power for various RFD profiles. Some past ASSERT validation studies relevant to CANDU-PHWR fuel channel modelling are briefly reviewed. The status of, and future directions for, ASSERT code development are summarized. 40 refs., 9 figs., 1 tab

  11. Developing Processes of Voltan Acar Assertiveness Scale

    OpenAIRE

    Voltan Acar, Nilüfer; ÖĞRETMEN, Tuncay

    2007-01-01

    In order to measure assertiveness the Voltan-Acar Assertiveness Inventory is developed. The scale has 28 items. Test-retest coefficient is 0.89 and Cronbach Alpha is 0.87. According the confirmatory factor analysis of the scale, the internal concistancy coefficent for the passiveness factor is 0.83 (17 items), for the assertiveness factor is 0.78. Reliability coefficient of the whole test is 0.87. Later, second order confirmatory factor model is formulated and the goodness of fit is interpret...

  12. Assertive Skills Training for the Blind.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Everhart, Gary; And Others

    1980-01-01

    The article describes how a rehabilitation center for the blind, aware that many clients were inept in dealing with society at large, instituted an assertive skills training program to improve client skills in this area. (Author/SBH)

  13. Trial and Evaluation of Assertion Training Involving Nursing Students

    OpenAIRE

    Nishina, Yuko; Tanigaki, Shizuko

    2013-01-01

    Background The concept of assertion and conceptual/practical methods of assertion (assertiveness) training were originally developed in the United States and Europe. These principles were embraced and adapted in Japan in 1970’s. However, only a few studies relating to assertion (assertiveness) have been undertaken thus far in Japan, especially so in the domain of nursing students in comparison with other countries. The purpose of this study was to design and implement assertion training with ...

  14. Assertive Training: Teaching Women Not to Discriminate Against Themselves.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Butler, Pamela E.

    The process of assertive training is described with emphasis placed on its applicability to problems in female assertiveness. Male and female members of four assertive training groups were compared on the Wolpe-Lazarus assertive inventory. Male members obtained a significantly lower score than female members i.e., men reported themselves as…

  15. Assertiveness And Conflictive Thoughts Of Students”

    OpenAIRE

    K. N. Chattopadhyay And Papiya Upadhyay

    2012-01-01

    Aim of the study is to investigate that level of assertiveness can affect conflictive thoughts of students. For this investigation 160 college going students belonging to the age group of 17 to 23 years, out of which 80 students were higher assertiveness and 80 students were lower assertiveness from Beed District. To assess level of Assertive Inventory: - Assertive inventory developed by Dr. Tasneem Naqvi were used, and to assess the Conflictive Thoughts the Conflictive Thoughts Analysis Inve...

  16. The structure of assertiveness : a confirmatory approach

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    ARRINDELL, WA; SANDERMAN, R; VANDERMOLEN, H; VANDERENDE, J; MERSCH, PP

    1988-01-01

    By using confirmatory factor analysis, distress and performance factors of assertion identified previously in a sample of predomi- nantly agoraphobic club members (N = 703) employing the Scale for Interpersonal Behavior (SlB) - the factors being (I) Display of negative feelings; (II) Expression of a

  17. A Proposal for Evaluating Cognition in Assertiveness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vagos, Paula; Pereira, Anabela

    2010-01-01

    This article presents the development process and initial psychometric features of an instrument for evaluating cognition in assertiveness. This is an essential social skill for adolescent development and seems to encompass emotional, behavioral, and cognitive aspects. The instrument was created by combining both empirical and theoretical methods…

  18. Enhancing assertiveness in district nurse specialist practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Green, Julie

    2016-08-01

    District nurse (DN) care delivery has undergone substantial change in recent years due to changing demographics and service delivery demands that have called for a move of care delivery from secondary to primary care. The title District Nurse is recorded with the Nursing and Midwifery Council (NMC) on completion of the Specialist Practice Qualification in District Nursing (SPQ DN), which purports to be a 'transformational' course that prepares future caseload holders to manage their team and prioritise care delivery effectively. This article explores the need for assertiveness skills in this role in response to Australian research, and outlines the pedagogic interventions implemented during the SPQ DN course to enhance this skill. Assertiveness scores were monitored for the duration of the course and demonstrated a significant increase-a topic that is now the subject of a future, funded study. PMID:27479854

  19. Heidegger on Assertion, Method, and Metaphysics

    OpenAIRE

    Golob, Sacha

    2013-01-01

    In Sein und Zeit Heidegger makes several claims about the nature of ‘assertion’ [Aussage]. These claims are of particular philosophical interest: they illustrate, for example, important points of contact and divergence between Heidegger’s work and philosophical movements including Kantianism, the early Analytic tradition, and contemporary pragmatism. This article provides a new assessment of one of these claims: the claim that assertion is connected to a ‘present-at-hand’ ontology. I also ind...

  20. Approximate Assertional Reasoning Over Expressive Ontologies

    OpenAIRE

    Tserendorj, Tuvshintur

    2010-01-01

    In this thesis, approximate reasoning methods for scalable assertional reasoning are provided whose computational properties can be established in a well-understood way, namely in terms of soundness and completeness, and whose quality can be analyzed in terms of statistical measurements, namely recall and precision. The basic idea of these approximate reasoning methods is to speed up reasoning by trading off the quality of reasoning results against increased speed.

  1. [Relationship of perception conflict and assertiveness in nurses].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stojčić, Živko; Perković, Lada; Stašević, Ina; Stojčić, Nevena; Ropac, Darko

    2014-06-01

    At their workplace, nurses are exposed to a number of conflict situations. On dealing with such situations, a significant role is played by assertiveness skills. Assertiveness is the necessity of efficient communication between nurses and patients. Thus, development of these skills can enhance patient confidence in the nursing profession. The aim of the study was to determine whether there are differences in assertiveness with respect to age and sex, and whether there is and what is the connection between assertiveness, potential sources of conflict at work, conflicts due to the behavior of associates, resolving conflicts and self-assessment in resolving conflicts. The survey included 87 hospital nurses. The questionnaire included assessment of assertiveness. On processing the results, we calculated the indicators of descriptive statistics, carried out the variance analysis and t-test, and calculated Pearson's correlation coefficients. It was found that the majority of subjects expressed a medium level of assertiveness, i.e. they could be considered as relatively assertive persons. There were significant differences in assertiveness according to age of the subjects and length of service, where the oldest age group was significantly less assertive. More assertive subjects frequently observed behaviors that may be a source of conflict and problems in the organization of work. At the same time, they often had conflicts because of such behavior, which indicated that more assertive subjects were bolder and more secure. More assertive subjects believed that they were more successful in resolving conflicts than non-assertive subjects.

  2. [Relationship of perception conflict and assertiveness in nurses].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stojčić, Živko; Perković, Lada; Stašević, Ina; Stojčić, Nevena; Ropac, Darko

    2014-06-01

    At their workplace, nurses are exposed to a number of conflict situations. On dealing with such situations, a significant role is played by assertiveness skills. Assertiveness is the necessity of efficient communication between nurses and patients. Thus, development of these skills can enhance patient confidence in the nursing profession. The aim of the study was to determine whether there are differences in assertiveness with respect to age and sex, and whether there is and what is the connection between assertiveness, potential sources of conflict at work, conflicts due to the behavior of associates, resolving conflicts and self-assessment in resolving conflicts. The survey included 87 hospital nurses. The questionnaire included assessment of assertiveness. On processing the results, we calculated the indicators of descriptive statistics, carried out the variance analysis and t-test, and calculated Pearson's correlation coefficients. It was found that the majority of subjects expressed a medium level of assertiveness, i.e. they could be considered as relatively assertive persons. There were significant differences in assertiveness according to age of the subjects and length of service, where the oldest age group was significantly less assertive. More assertive subjects frequently observed behaviors that may be a source of conflict and problems in the organization of work. At the same time, they often had conflicts because of such behavior, which indicated that more assertive subjects were bolder and more secure. More assertive subjects believed that they were more successful in resolving conflicts than non-assertive subjects. PMID:26016217

  3. The Reciprocal Relationship Between Sexual Victimization and Sexual Assertiveness

    OpenAIRE

    Livingston, Jennifer A.; Testa, Maria; VanZILE-TAMSEN, CAROL

    2007-01-01

    Low sexual assertiveness has been proposed as a possible mechanism through which sexual revictimization occurs, yet evidence for this has been mixed. In this study, prospective path analysis was used to examine the relationship between sexual refusal assertiveness and sexual victimization over time among a community sample of women. Results provide support for a reciprocal relationship, with historical victimization predicting low sexual assertiveness and low sexual assertiveness predicting s...

  4. Components of Assertive Behavior: Are There Black-White Differences?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lineberger, Marilyn Hazzard; Beezley, Dana

    Most definitions and training of assertive behavior fail to consider cultural diversity in social skills. Verbal, nonverbal and cognitive components of assertive behavior were investigated to determine cultural variations in assertiveness. Black (N=30) and white (N=30) male and female college students enacted 16 role-play scenes with 4 role…

  5. ASSERT and COBRA predictions of flow distribution in vertical bundles

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    COBRA and ASSERT are subchannel codes which compute flow and enthalpy distributions in rod bundles. COBRA is a well known code, ASSERT is under development at CRNL. This paper gives a comparison of the two codes with boiling experiments in vertical seven rod bundles. ASSERT predictions of the void distribution are shown to be in good agreement with reported experimental results, while COBRA predictions are unsatisfactory. The mixing models in both COBRA and ASSERT are briefly discussed. The reasons for the failure of COBRA-IV and the success of ASSERT in simulating the experiments are highlighted

  6. The Level of Depression and Assertiveness among Nursing Students

    OpenAIRE

    Rezayat, Fatemeh; Dehghan Nayeri, Nahid

    2014-01-01

    Background: Nursing students are susceptible to a higher risk of depression. Recognition of depression, assertiveness and the relationship between them is important since if a relationship exists, probably enhancing the level of assertiveness can reduce depression in this high risk group. We aimed to investigate depression and assertiveness levels and the relationship between them in nursing students of Tehran University of Medical Sciences. Methods: The target population of this cross-sectio...

  7. The drift flux model in the ASSERT subchannel code

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The ASSERT subchannel code has been developed specifically to model flow and phase distributions within CANDU fuel bundles. ASSERT uses a drift-flux model which permits the phases to have unequal velocities, and can thus model phase separation tendencies which may occur in horizontal flow. The basic principles of ASSERT are outlined, and computed results are compared against data from various experiments for validation purposes. The paper concludes with an example of the code to predict critical heat flux in CANDU geometries

  8. Separation-individuation and assertiveness in late adolescents

    OpenAIRE

    Aslan, Sevda

    2013-01-01

    An adolescent can experience some problems regarding assertiveness during the course of separation-individuation from their caregivers. The purpose of this study is to describe the relationship between separation-individuation and assertiveness, which was examined in terms of how assertiveness predicts the separation-individuation of Turkish late adolescents. The sampling group consisted of 283 university students. The data gathered were analyzed by involving several simple regression analysi...

  9. Enjoy! Hedonic Consumption and Compliance with Assertive Messages

    OpenAIRE

    Kronrod, A.; Grinstein, A.; Wathieu, L.

    2012-01-01

    This paper examines the persuasiveness of assertive language (as in Nike's slogan "Just do it") as compared to nonassertive language (as in Microsoft's slogan "Where do you want to go today?"). Previous research implies that assertive language should reduce consumer compliance. Two experiments show that assertiveness is more effective in communications involving hedonic products, as well as hedonically advertised utilitarian products. This prediction builds on sociolinguistic research address...

  10. SVA the power of assertions in SystemVerilog

    CERN Document Server

    Cerny, Eduard; Havlicek, John; Korchemny, Dmitry

    2015-01-01

    This book is a comprehensive guide to assertion-based verification of hardware designs using System Verilog Assertions (SVA). It enables readers to minimize the cost of verification by using assertion-based techniques in simulation testing, coverage collection and formal analysis. The book provides detailed descriptions of all the language features of SVA, accompanied by step-by-step examples of how to employ them to construct powerful and reusable sets of properties.?The book also shows how SVA fits into the broader System Verilog language, demonstrating the ways that assertions can interact

  11. The status of the knowledge account of assertion

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hindriks, Frank

    2007-01-01

    According to the increasingly popular knowledge account, assertion is governed by the rule that speech acts of that kind require knowledge of their content. Timothy Williamson has argued that this knowledge rule is the constitutive rule of assertion. It is argued here that it is not the constitutive

  12. Enhancement of Self-Regulation, Assertiveness, and Empathy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanz de Acedo Lizarraga, M. Luisa; Ugarte, M. Dolores; Cardelle-Elawar, Maria; Iriarte, M. Dolores; Sanz de Acedo Baquedano, M. Teresa

    2003-01-01

    Examined the effects of teaching self-regulation strategies and social skills to 40 middle school students who presented difficulties in self-reflection, self-inquiry, assertiveness, and empathy. Significant gains were observed in the experimental group in self-regulation of learning, self-control of behavior, assertiveness, empathy, and…

  13. Separation-individuation and assertiveness in late adolescents

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aslan, Sevda

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available An adolescent can experience some problems regarding assertiveness during the course of separation-individuation from their caregivers. The purpose of this study is to describe the relationship between separation-individuation and assertiveness, which was examined in terms of how assertiveness predicts the separation-individuation of Turkish late adolescents. The sampling group consisted of 283 university students. The data gathered were analyzed by involving several simple regression analysis method. The findings revealed that aassertiveness predicts separation anxiety in a meaningful way. Furthermore, the assertiveness predicts engulfment anxiety, peer enmeshment, need denial, practicing-mirroring, rejection expectancy, and healthy separation. These findings suggest that psycho-educational studies improving assertiveness can be carried out for the late adolescents who experience separation-individuation problems.

  14. Effect of the Creative Drama-Based Assertiveness Program on the Assertiveness Skill of Psychological Counsellor Candidates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gundogdu, Rezzan

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this quasi-experimental research is to study the effects of the creative drama-based assertiveness program (CDBAP) on the assertiveness skill of Psychological Counselling and Guidance (PCG) department students. The opinions of experimental group students on the program were obtained through the CDBAP evaluation form. The sample of…

  15. Effect of assertive outreach after suicide attempt in the AID (assertive intervention for deliberate self harm) trial

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Morthorst, Britt; Krogh, Jesper; Erlangsen, Annette;

    2012-01-01

    To assess whether an assertive outreach intervention after suicide attempt could reduce the frequency of subsequent suicidal acts, compared with standard treatment.......To assess whether an assertive outreach intervention after suicide attempt could reduce the frequency of subsequent suicidal acts, compared with standard treatment....

  16. The drift flux model in the ASSERT subchannel code

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The ASSERT subchannel code has been developed specifically to model flow and phase distributions within CANDU fuel bundles. ASSERT uses a drift-flux model that permits the phases to have unequal velocities, and can thus model phase separation tendencies that may occur in horizontal flow. The basic principles of ASSERT are outlined, and computed results are compared against data from various experiments for validation purposes. The paper concludes with an example of the use of the code to predict critical heat flux in CANDU geometries

  17. Recent developments in ASSERT-PV code for subchannel thermalhydraulics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper summarises recent development of ASSERT-PV, and provides examples of applications to CANDU fuel bundles in predicting flow, heat transfer and sheath temperatures. The development work is intended to improve computational and phenomenological modelling capabilities of ASSERT-PV in simulating various flow scenarios in CANDU fuel bundles. The latest version of ASSERT-PV can be used for simulations of steady state or transient, subchannel thermalhydraulics in CANDU bundles under conditions up to and including post-dryout heat transfer. (author)

  18. MOTIVATIONAL AND VALUE-SEMANTIC DETERMINANTS OF INDIVIDUAL ASSERTIVENESS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lebedeva Inga Viktorovna

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available The paper attempts to reveal the concept of "determinants of assertiveness" of a personality, which are determined by motivational characteristics and life value and meaning orientations of the individual. The immediate driving force of human action is the motive or the system of motives. The system of motives of human behavior in different situations of activities, communication and cognition is determined by the personal world view (set of ideas, interests, and beliefs. The value orientation, influencing the direction of human activity, determines a person's behavior and is a personality determinant in the manifestations of assertive behavior and assertiveness. Therefore, the significant psychological factors that contribute to the development of assertiveness are high motivation to success, positive attitudes, and such values as compassion, tolerance, mutual understanding, sympathy, concern that oppose to violence, domination, suppression and submission. The article also presents the results of an empirical study of motivational and value-semantic characteristics of the individual.

  19. Assertion: A Technique for Handling Troublesome Library Patrons.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Groark, James J.

    1979-01-01

    Encourages the use of assertion training for librarians to aid them in providing reference service, interviewing for employment, and handling difficult patrons. A list of references and a selection of readers' comments on the article is included. (FM)

  20. Cognitive Mediation of Aggressive, Assertive, and Submissive Behavior in Children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deluty, Robert H.

    1985-01-01

    Examines three critical components of interpersonal cognitive problem solving (alternative-thinking ability, evaluative judgments of response alternatives, and consequential thinking) among 188 elementary school students with differing levels of aggressiveness, assertiveness, and submissiveness. Findings indicate interrelatedness of the cognitive…

  1. THE EFFECT OF ASSERTIVENESS ON CONFLICT HANDLING STYLES

    OpenAIRE

    ERGENELİ, Azize; KARAPINAR, Pınar BAYHAN; CAMGÖZ, Selin METİN

    2011-01-01

     The purpose of this study was determine the effect of assertiveness in predicting the preference of conflict handling style in the light of the authority position of the other party. We first explored assertiveness as determinant of preferred conflict handling styles and second; examined whether the status of the other party as a situational factor alters this relationship. Data were gathered using self-administered survey to 206 employees working at a textile manufacturing company.  In conf...

  2. Levels of Assertiveness and Peer Pressure of Nursing Students

    OpenAIRE

    Esin Arslan; Nazan Kiliç Akça; Mürüvvet Baser

    2013-01-01

    Background: The research was conducted in order to determine levels of assertiveness and peer pressure of the nursing students.Methodology: This descriptive research has been performed with 154 nursing students in Bozok University, The data were collected with Questionnaire Form, Rathus Assertiveness Inventory and Peer Pressure Scale. We used the data one way Anova, two samples t test, the relationship between several independent variables and scales were evaluated by Pearson correlation tech...

  3. Effect of assertive outreach after suicide attempt in the AID (assertive intervention for deliberate self harm) trial

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Morthorst, Britt; Krogh, Jesper; Erlangsen, Annette;

    2012-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To assess whether an assertive outreach intervention after suicide attempt could reduce the frequency of subsequent suicidal acts, compared with standard treatment. DESIGN: Randomised, parallel group, superiority trial with blinded outcome assessment. SETTING: Outpatient intervention a...

  4. Automated Synthesis of Assertion Monitors using Visual Specifications

    CERN Document Server

    Gadkari, Ambar A

    2011-01-01

    Automated synthesis of monitors from high-level properties plays a significant role in assertion-based verification. We present here a methodology to synthesize assertion monitors from visual specifications given in CESC (Clocked Event Sequence Chart). CESC is a visual language designed for specifying system level interactions involving single and multiple clock domains. It has well-defined graphical and textual syntax and formal semantics based on synchronous language paradigm enabling formal analysis of specifications. In this paper we provide an overview of CESC language with few illustrative examples. The algorithm for automated synthesis of assertion monitors from CESC specifications is described. A few examples from standard bus protocols (OCP-IP and AMBA) are presented to demonstrate the application of monitor synthesis algorithm.

  5. Optimal Decomposition of Service Level Objectives into Policy Assertions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rastegari, Yousef; Shams, Fereidoon

    2015-01-01

    WS-agreement specifies quality objectives that each partner is obligated to provide. To meet quality objectives, the corresponding partner should apply appropriate policy assertions to its web services and adjust their parameters accordingly. Transformation of WS-CDL to WSBPEL is addressed in some related works, but neither of them considers quality aspects of transformation nor run-time adaptation. Here, in conformance with web services standards, we propose an optimal decomposition method to make a set of WS-policy assertions. Assertions can be applied to WSBPEL elements and affect their run-time behaviors. The decomposition method achieves the best outcome for a performance indicator. It also guarantees the lowest adaptation overhead by reducing the number of service reselections. We considered securities settlement case study to prototype and evaluate the decomposition method. The results show an acceptable threshold between customer satisfaction-the targeted performance indicator in our case study-and adaptation overhead. PMID:26962544

  6. Social competence: evaluation of assertiveness in Spanish adolescents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Castedo, Antonio López; Juste, Margarita Pino; Alonso, José Domínguez

    2015-02-01

    Relations between assertiveness in adolescents' social behavior and demographic variables were assessed in 4,943 Spanish adolescents, ages 12 to 17 years, enrolled in 32 schools for Compulsory Secondary Education. Province of residence, school size, age, grade, and academic focus were statistically significant sources of variance in assertiveness scores. All effects were small. Patterns in responses indicate the items should be reviewed to improve the measure for adolescents, and as a tool for addressing teens' social competence in real life situations. PMID:25621673

  7. Run-time assertion checking of JML annotations in multithreaded applications with e-OpenJML

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kandziora, Jorne; Huisman, Marieke; Bockisch, Christoph; Zaharieva-Stojanovski, Marina; Monahan, R.

    2015-01-01

    Run-time assertion checking of multithreaded programs is challenging, as assertion evaluation should not interfere with the execution of other threads. This paper describes the prototype implementation of a run-time assertion checker that achieves this by evaluating assertions over snapshots of the

  8. Competency-Based Approach to Discipline--It's Assertive.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Canter, Lee

    1979-01-01

    Assertive Discipline (AD) advocates a systematic approach which enables teachers to set firm, consistent limits for students while remaining cognizant of students' need for warmth and positive support. This article describes effective and ineffective teacher disciplinary behaviors, AD competencies, and the implementation of AD at Rice Elementary…

  9. Using Assertive Training to Develop Positive Job Interviewing Skills.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zelenak, Bonnie McKnight

    1978-01-01

    This article reviews the differences between two types of workshops and a control group on the development of positive interviewing skills. An assertiveness training group, combined with the presentation of interviewing skills and a didactic group, were the two treatments. (Author)

  10. Assertion checking environment (ACE) for formal verification of C programs

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this paper we describe an Assertion Checking Environment (ACE) for compositional verification of programs, which are written in an industrially sponsored safe subset of C programming language called MISRA C [Guidelines for the Use of the C Language in Vehicle Based Software, 1998]. The theory is based on Hoare logic [Commun. ACM 12 (1969) 576] and the C programs are verified using static assertion checking technique. First the functional specifications of the program, captured in the form of pre- and post-conditions for each C function, are derived from the specifications. These pre- and post-conditions are then introduced as assertions (also called annotations or formal comments) in the program code. The assertions are then proved formally using ACE and theorem proving tool called Stanford Temporal Prover [The Stanford Temporal Prover User's Manual, 1998]. ACE has been developed by us and consists mainly of a translator c2spl, a GUI and some utility programs. The technique and tools developed are targeted towards verification of real-time embedded software

  11. Peer Teaching Assertive Communication Strategies for the Workplace.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cangelosi, Barbara R.; Peterson, M. Larry

    A unit in assertive communication strategies for the workplace was developed and tested with approximately 45 juniors and seniors at a Utah high school. For 4 weeks of a 6-week grading period, the students were exposed to basic information on verbal and nonverbal communication and administered a survey designed to tap their individual value system…

  12. Secure bindings of SAML assertions to TLS sessions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kohlar, Florian; Schwenk, Jörg; Jensen, Meiko;

    2010-01-01

    is to strengthen the Same Origin Policy of the browser by taking into account the security guarantees TLS gives. In this paper, we present a third approach which is of further interest beyond IDM protocols: we bind the SAML assertion to the TLS session that has been agreed upon between client and the service...

  13. Assessing Assertion: An Investigation of Construct Validity and Reliability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kern, Jeffrey M.; MacDonald, Marian L.

    The reliability and meaning of assertiveness tests were explored using 120 female undergraduates. Several self-report inventories (the College Self-Expression Scale, Conflict Resolution Inventory, and a global rating from one to seven) were administered, as were three anxiety measures (Timed Behavior Checklist, response latency, and response…

  14. MOTIVATIONAL AND VALUE-SEMANTIC DETERMINANTS OF INDIVIDUAL ASSERTIVENESS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Инга Викторовна Лебедева

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available The paper attempts to reveal the concept of "determinants of assertiveness" of a personality, which are determined by motivational characteristics and life value and meaning orientations of the individual. The immediate driving force of human action is the motive or the system of motives. The system of motives of human behavior in different situations of activities, communication and cognition is determined by the personal world view (set of ideas, interests, and beliefs. The value orientation, influencing the direction of human activity, determines a person's behavior and is a personality determinant in the manifestations of assertive behavior and assertiveness. Therefore, the significant psychological factors that contribute to the development of assertiveness are high motivation to success, positive attitudes, and such values as compassion, tolerance, mutual understanding, sympathy, concern that oppose to violence, domination, suppression and submission.The article also presents the results of an empirical study of motivational and value-semantic characteristics of the individual.DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12731/2218-7405-2013-4-15

  15. Cognitive adaptation training combined with assertive community treatment

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Jens Peter; Ostergaard, Birte; Nordentoft, Merete;

    2012-01-01

    Cognitive adaptation training (CAT) targets the adaptive behaviour of patients with schizophrenia and has shown promising results regarding the social aspects of psychosocial treatment. As yet, no reports have appeared on the use of CAT in combination with assertive community treatment (ACT). Our...

  16. Assertiveness Among Young Rural Adolescents: Relationship to Alcohol Use

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goldberg-Lillehoj, Catherine J.; Spoth, Richard; Trudeau, Linda

    2005-01-01

    There is evidence of higher prevalence rates for alcohol use among rural adolescents relative to urban adolescents. Strategies aimed at preventing adolescent alcohol use typically include the development of social skills to resist peer pressure; among the social skills frequently targeted is assertiveness. Self-report data were collected from a…

  17. Assertiveness by Older Adults with Visual Impairment: Context Matters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ryan, Ellen Bouchard; Anas, Ann P.; Mays, Heather

    2008-01-01

    Within a communication predicament of aging and disability framework, this study examined the impact of two types of contextual variation on perceptions of older adult assertiveness within problematic service encounters. Young (N = 66) and older (N = 66) participants evaluated conversational scenarios in which a visually-impaired older woman…

  18. Teaching Social Skills and Assertiveness to Students with Disabilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moffett, Aaron; Alexander, Melissa G. F.; Dummer, Gail M.

    2006-01-01

    This article discusses teaching social skills and assertiveness to students with disabilities. The National Association for Sport and Physical Education (NASPE) content standards for physical education emphasize teaching responsible personal and social behaviors to students of all abilities, to help them develop an understanding of and respect for…

  19. Between compassionateness and assertiveness: a trust matrix for leaders

    OpenAIRE

    Victor Manuel Monteiro Seco; Miguel Pereira Lopes

    2014-01-01

    Purpose: Construct the structure of trust-building perceived by principals in Portuguese public schools.Design/methodology/approach: A grounded theory approach applied to a survey of open questions answered by school’s principals.Findings: (1) self-trust is the single trait common to all respondents; (2) compassion is a striking antecedent in the process of other-trust; compassionateness and assertiveness must combine with one another to achieve leadership based on smart trust, what is outlin...

  20. Environmental marketing - element for asserting the management of sustainable development

    OpenAIRE

    Funaru, M.; Baranov, A.

    2012-01-01

    This paper presents a theoretical approach where the concept of sustainable development is integrated in terms of environmental marketing and sustainable development management. All these concepts are defined by showing the links between them, how they relate, finally leading to the objectives of firms in terms of sustainable development. The paper also presents the role of environmental marketing, asserting its importance as a tool for sustainable development management. Given the developmen...

  1. The Relevance of Wrestlers’ Assertiveness with Their Individual Success

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erdoğan Yılmaz

    Full Text Available Subjects has been chosen from wrestlers, have the right to take part in Turkey Wrestling Championship in 2006-2007 season, deal with the wrestling sport in various cities and clubs in Turkey. Subjects consist of total 213 wrestlers whose age range from 17 to 40 and participated in Turkey Wrestling championship, and these wrestlers include 169 free-styles and Greco-Roman style male wrestlers and 44 free-style female wrestlers. It has been aimed in this study to analyze assertiveness level of elite male and female wrestlers’ effect on their individual success. Firstly, information related to the aim of the survey has been given systematically by scanning literature. Thus, a theoretical framework about the topic has been established. Secondly, personal identification form created by the researcher, results ruler of athlete and assertiveness inventory developed by Rathus, adapted into Turkish by Voltan, applied on the male and female wrestlers randomly in order to achieve the object of this study. In the statistical analysis of data obtained from the research was used descriptive statistics One Way ANOVA and test t, besides Tukey test was used to determine the differences between the groups. As a result of statistical analyzes, Level of Assertiveness has been observed at a higher level in those wrestlers, who wrestles in greko-romen style, who are female, and have liberal families, than those wrestlers who wrestles in free-style, who are male, and have protective parents. As a result, it has been determined that high levels of assertiveness sports have been more successful than the others.

  2. Assertiveness in boys : evaluating the construct using template matching procedures

    OpenAIRE

    Weist, Mark D.

    1988-01-01

    The present investigation expanded on the template matching approach (Cone, 1980) to empirically evaluate whether assertiveness is associated with interpersonal success among a group of fourth grade boys. Using popular sociometric status as an index of success in interaction, the performances of 15 popular boys were compared with those of 15 rejected boys in a role-play measure of social behavior. An observation code containing behaviors traditionally associated with a...

  3. Assertiveness and anxiety effects in traditional and online Interactions

    OpenAIRE

    Baker, Amy E.; Jeske, Debora

    2015-01-01

    The present study explored the extent to which self-esteem is a significant predictor of social network use and the level of anxiety and assertiveness participants feel during traditional and online interactions. Using a survey design (N=184), it was found that lower self esteem was not associated with more intensive social network use, in contrast to the social compensationn theory. Self-esteem was a significant negative predictor of social anxiety as well as a positive predictor of assertiv...

  4. MOTIVATIONAL AND VALUE-SEMANTIC DETERMINANTS OF INDIVIDUAL ASSERTIVENESS

    OpenAIRE

    Инга Викторовна Лебедева

    2013-01-01

    The paper attempts to reveal the concept of "determinants of assertiveness" of a personality, which are determined by motivational characteristics and life value and meaning orientations of the individual. The immediate driving force of human action is the motive or the system of motives. The system of motives of human behavior in different situations of activities, communication and cognition is determined by the personal world view (set of ideas, interests, and beliefs). The value orientati...

  5. Literature Assertions of John Dryden Reflected in Mac Flecknoe

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JING Yun

    2015-01-01

    John Dryden’s poem Mac Flecknoe satirizes his literary enemy Thomas Shadwell by the aid of the image of Flecknoe while it reveals some of his literature assertions. This paper tries to expound them from the following three perspectives:the atti⁃tudes towards Ben Johnson, the proposals for drama language and the selection, and the attitudes towards French classicism for the purpose of a further understanding about John Dryden.

  6. Smart Dialogue for Smart Citizens: Assertive Approaches for Strategic Planning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isidoro Fasolino

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available It is very important to know how to communicate, but even more important is knowing how to listen. There is no dialogue without listening. Listening and speaking can generate a virtuous cycle that, enriching the field of information, allows the introduction of essential elements of innovation. It is relevant in this context the assertive ability of who manages and coordinates the decision-making processes. The potential of new approaches based on assertiveness are the new frontier of research discipline that is able to meet future challenges aiming to contribute to the construction of places and forms of living together in the growing interest of fairness and justice. Assertive facilitator knows how to guide difficult people and handle very hard situations without adopting manipulative behaviors. He is able to detect the potential conflict and to bring to light the reasons for disagreement , softening the tone and avoiding any possible uncontrolled escalation. He encourages debates and open discussions; he has to build links too, fueling reports profits, collaborating with others toward common goals; speaking and discussing in groups and among groups; seeking solutions in which, both parties, come out winning. So the view expressed is argument of discussion in the development of the tools of urban structure, with the aim of implementing a participatory methodology in the development of planning tools. We propose an application in the series of meetings of initial preparatory participation to the formation of a Preliminary Plan for a medium size town.

  7. "I'll Repeat Myself, "Again?!"" Empowering Students through Assertive Communication Strategies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kolb, Sharon M.; Griffith, Amy C. Stevens

    2009-01-01

    One goal parents and educators should have is to help children become assertive and emotionally intelligent individuals. In furthering this goal, it helps to have an understanding of the three basic communication styles: (1) passive; (2) aggressive; and (3) assertive. Because communication is most effective when a message is delivered assertively,…

  8. The Effects of Assertiveness Training on Enhancing the Social Skills of Adolescents with Visual Impairments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Young-il

    2003-01-01

    A study of the effects of assertiveness training to enhance the social/assertiveness skills of 36 adolescents with visual impairments found that parents, the students, teachers, and observers judged the adolescents' social skills differently. However, the training did have some specific effect on increasing assertiveness. (Contains references.)…

  9. Inter-Group and Intra-Group Assertiveness: Adolescents' Social Skills Following Cultural Transition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Korem, Anat; Horenczyk, Gabriel; Tatar, Moshe

    2012-01-01

    The goals of this study were to examine intra-group and inter-group assertiveness among adolescents, and to compare these two domains of assertiveness between cultural groups in Israel. Measures of intra-group and inter-group assertiveness were developed, and questionnaires were administrated to 441 immigrants from the Former Soviet Union (FSU),…

  10. Using Simulations in the Middle School: Does Assertiveness of Dyad Partners Influence Conceptual Change?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Windschitl, Mark

    2001-01-01

    Examines how academic assertiveness in junior high school students was related to conceptual change and the degree to which their assertiveness affected conceptual change in the partners paired with them for a series of activities using a simulation of the human cardiovascular system. Indicates that the assertiveness ratings of the individuals'…

  11. Effect of assertiveness training on homesickness in girls students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fariba Tabe bordbar

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available (Received 24 August, 2009 ; Accepted 13 January, 2010AbstractBackground and purpose: Homesickness is a complex cognitive, exciting and stimulating condition that comes into existence because of the individual’s transition into a new environment and it seems to present the reduction of coping strategies. This research aims to study the effectiveness of the method of assertiveness training on homesickness of female university students.Materials and methods: This was an interventional study pre and post test study. Among 249 female freshmen, 96 students were found to be suffering from homesickness among which 60 students were randomly selected and put in the intervention and control group. The information was gathered by Archer et al., homesickness questionnaire which involves 30 expressions, from 1 to 5 likert scale, and also by the researcher’s own questionnaire which involves demographic information. The pre test data were gathered within the first 2 weeks of their arrival to the dormitory. The experimental group took part in 12 90-minute training sessions followed by evaluation 3 weeks after the initial testing. The data were analyzed according to Mann-Whihtney test.Results: The pre- test data from the two groups showed no significant difference, however, with the presentation assertiveness training, the experimental group grades were significantly higher than control the group. Also, two factors of homesickness i.e., not-likening the university and strong attachment to their home did not show a difference in pre test, however, differences in post test were shown to be significant.Conclusion: The results of the study show that assertiveness training can be effective in alleviating problems that come up after the transition of the individual into the university and their new environment. J Mazand Univ Med Sci 2009; 19(73: 28-33 (Persian.

  12. Comparison of ASSERT subchannel code with Marviken bundle data

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this paper ASSERT predictions are compared with the Marviken 6-rod bundle and 36+1 rod bundle. The predictions are presented for two experiments in the 6-rod bundle and four experiments in the 36+1 rod bundle. For low inlet subcooling, the void predictions are in good agreement with the experimental data. For high inlet subcooling, however, the agreement is not as good. This is attributed to the fact that in the high inlet subcooling experiments, single phase turbulent mixing plays a more important role in determining flow conditions in the bundle

  13. Verification of Mixed-Signal Systems with Affine Arithmetic Assertions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carna Radojicic

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Embedded systems include an increasing share of analog/mixed-signal components that are tightly interwoven with functionality of digital HW/SW systems. A challenge for verification is that even small deviations in analog components can lead to significant changes in system properties. In this paper we propose the combination of range-based, semisymbolic simulation with assertion checking. We show that this approach combines advantages, but as well some limitations, of multirun simulations with formal techniques. The efficiency of the proposed method is demonstrated by several examples.

  14. Consistency of assertive, aggressive, and submissive behavior for children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deluty, R H

    1985-10-01

    The interpersonal behavior of 50 third- through fifth-grade children was assessed over an 8-month period in a wide variety of naturally occurring school activities. The consistency of the children's behavior was found to vary as a function of the child's sex, the class of behavior examined, and the similarity/dissimilarity of the contexts in which the behaviors occurred. Boys demonstrated remarkable consistency in their aggressive expression; 46 of 105 intercorrelations for the aggressiveness dimensions were statistically significant. In general, the consistency of assertive behavior for both boys and girls was unexpectedly high.

  15. Examining China’s Assertiveness through the Eyes of Chinese IR Scholars

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Feng, Huiyun; He, Kai

    China’s assertive diplomacy in recent years has ignited intense debates among International Relations (IR) scholars. Some argue that China’s assertive behavior is rooted in its perception of increasing power and capabilities. Others suggest that it is U.S. policies that triggered China’s assertive...... for an assertive Chinese foreign policy. We find that both the power perception and policy reaction arguments make sense in accounting for Chinese IR scholars’ attitude regarding China’s assertive diplomacy. However, our research suggests that a more pessimistic view on Chinese power is more likely...

  16. Achieving Security Assurance with Assertion-based Application Construction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos E. Rubio-Medrano

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Modern software applications are commonly built by leveraging pre-fabricated modules, e.g. application programming interfaces (APIs, which are essential to implement the desired functionalities of software applications, helping reduce the overall development costs and time. When APIs deal with security-related functionality, it is critical to ensure they comply with their design requirements since otherwise unexpected flaws and vulnerabilities may consequently occur. Often, such APIs may lack sufficient specification details, or may implement a semantically-different version of a desired security model to enforce, thus possibly complicating the runtime enforcement of security properties and making it harder to minimize the existence of serious vulnerabilities. This paper proposes a novel approach to address such a critical challenge by leveraging the notion of software assertions. We focus on security requirements in role-based access control models and show how proper verification at the source-code level can be performed with our proposed approach as well as with automated state-of-the-art assertion-based techniques.

  17. Teacher's asserting premises and possibilities of efficient managerial styles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudiu Marian Bunaiasu

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The issue of teacher's managerial styles is unitary approached along with educational styles issue and institutional management styles issue, and is part of the class' managerial dimension. Comparative, educational and managerial styles (of the school manager have a theoretical history and benefit from validated techniques and tools, whereas teacher's managerial styles issue are about to gain consistency as part of the pedagogical literature, and present researches emphasize their roles in efficientizing didactic activity. The article Teacher's asserting premises and possibilities of efficient managerial styles is based on multiple specific sub- themes: a analysis of the key-concepts outlining theme's theoretical framework; b teacher's managerial styles typology; c conditions and modalities in order to efficientize managerial styles. Premises of the topic speech consist in: situationally approach the educational process, the relation between teacher's educational and managerial styles, references to a personal research regarding the outline of the constructive teacher's managerial styles. Based on these key-concepts and in accordance with the multidimensional approach (conditions, factors, modalities in order to outline and assert styles, possibilities and modalities are being analyzed in order to efficientize teacher's managerial styles.

  18. Between compassionateness and assertiveness: A trust matrix for leaders

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Victor Manuel Monteiro Seco

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: Construct the structure of trust-building perceived by principals in Portuguese public schools.Design/methodology/approach: A grounded theory approach applied to a survey of open questions answered by school’s principals.Findings: (1 self-trust is the single trait common to all respondents; (2 compassion is a striking antecedent in the process of other-trust; compassionateness and assertiveness must combine with one another to achieve leadership based on smart trust, what is outlined in a matrix model built from the data.Research limitations/implications: The major limitation of this study was the impossibility to conduct face-to-face interviews given the limitation of free time alleged by the principals. In order to solve that limitation we decide to use the grounded theory approach.Practical implications: The consideration of a symbiosis category of the behaviors of principals can trigger positive expectations among the players who until now did not understand how it is possible to bring together the best of the worlds of management and leadership in a balanced way, with efficiency in authenticity.Social implications: The aforementioned dyadic model reflects a psychological state based on the belief that others do not take advantage of us, showing that trust is an essential element in positive human relations and becomes a strategic issue.Originality/value: The present study found that “pure” positive behaviors, as being compassionate, might need to be tempered or complemented with other behaviors such as assertiveness, to become really effective.

  19. HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS' PROBLEM SOLVING AND ASSERTIVENESS SKILLS AND THEIR RELATIONSHIPS WITH SOME VARIABLES

    OpenAIRE

    ÖZBULAK, Berrin (EMRAN); Ayşe AYPAY; Ahmet AYPAY

    2011-01-01

    This study investigated the relationship between assertiveness and problem solving skills of 200 9th grade high school students from İzmir high schools. In addition to descriptive statistics, t-tests, Anovas, and a multiple regression were used to analyze the data. Findings indicated that assertiveness and general problem solving skills did not differ based on gender, school type. Assertiveness differed based on mother's and father's educational level. General problem solving skill differed ...

  20. The assertive profile of the Bulgarian students in computer science and computer engineering

    OpenAIRE

    Peneva, Ivelina; Yordzhev, Krasimir

    2014-01-01

    Different points of view on the nature and content of the assertiveness are followed in this paper. The main purpose is to study the assertive profile of Bulgarian students in computer science and computer engineering by analyzing the components of assertiveness. Research was performed using testing methods. It was found that the level of expressivity of this personal quality among subjects were above-average level.

  1. Testing the independent species’ arrangement assertion made by theories of stochastic geometry of biodiversity

    OpenAIRE

    Wiegand, Thorsten; Huth, Andreas; Getzin, Stephan; Wang, Xugao; Hao, Zhanqing; Gunatilleke, C. V. Savitri; Gunatilleke, I. A. U. Nimal

    2012-01-01

    The assertion that the spatial location of different species is independent of each other is fundamental in major ecological theories such as neutral theory that describes a stochastic geometry of biodiversity. However, this assertion has rarely been tested. Here we use techniques of spatial point pattern analysis to conduct a comprehensive test of the independence assertion by analysing data from three large forest plots with different species richness: a species-rich tropical forest at Barr...

  2. Using Fuzzy Logic in Test Case Prioritization for Regression Testing Programs with Assertions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali M. Alakeel

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Program assertions have been recognized as a supporting tool during software development, testing, and maintenance. Therefore, software developers place assertions within their code in positions that are considered to be error prone or that have the potential to lead to a software crash or failure. Similar to any other software, programs with assertions must be maintained. Depending on the type of modification applied to the modified program, assertions also might have to undergo some modifications. New assertions may also be introduced in the new version of the program, while some assertions can be kept the same. This paper presents a novel approach for test case prioritization during regression testing of programs that have assertions using fuzzy logic. The main objective of this approach is to prioritize the test cases according to their estimated potential in violating a given program assertion. To develop the proposed approach, we utilize fuzzy logic techniques to estimate the effectiveness of a given test case in violating an assertion based on the history of the test cases in previous testing operations. We have conducted a case study in which the proposed approach is applied to various programs, and the results are promising compared to untreated and randomly ordered test cases.

  3. Using fuzzy logic in test case prioritization for regression testing programs with assertions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alakeel, Ali M

    2014-01-01

    Program assertions have been recognized as a supporting tool during software development, testing, and maintenance. Therefore, software developers place assertions within their code in positions that are considered to be error prone or that have the potential to lead to a software crash or failure. Similar to any other software, programs with assertions must be maintained. Depending on the type of modification applied to the modified program, assertions also might have to undergo some modifications. New assertions may also be introduced in the new version of the program, while some assertions can be kept the same. This paper presents a novel approach for test case prioritization during regression testing of programs that have assertions using fuzzy logic. The main objective of this approach is to prioritize the test cases according to their estimated potential in violating a given program assertion. To develop the proposed approach, we utilize fuzzy logic techniques to estimate the effectiveness of a given test case in violating an assertion based on the history of the test cases in previous testing operations. We have conducted a case study in which the proposed approach is applied to various programs, and the results are promising compared to untreated and randomly ordered test cases.

  4. Assessment of MLA assertiveness training for librarians: students' behavior changes after taking C.E. 669, Assertiveness and Human Relations Skills.

    OpenAIRE

    Caputo, J S

    1985-01-01

    C.E. 669, offered for three years, was MLA's first personal development continuing education course. Participants were asked to respond to a follow-up survey about their current assertive philosophy, awareness, and behavioral repertoire. They were also assessed by the Librarian's Assertiveness Inventory, a tool that indicates patterns of behavioral responses, for which some normative data were available from librarians who had not taken the class. Class participants were found to be more like...

  5. Virtual world for helping teens practice assertiveness skills

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nemire, Kenneth; Beil, Joshua; Swan, Ronald W.

    1999-05-01

    Smoking is on the rise among adolescents. This pilot project combined the well-documented benefits of Life Skills Training (LST) with the unique multisensory, 3D qualities of virtual environment (VE) technology to address some of the disadvantages of traditional prevention programs by engaging teens better, presenting information more persuasively, and making prevention programs continuously available in computer labs. In an eight-week pilot study, 45 seventh- grade students were randomly assigned to LST, VE, or non- intervention control groups. The VE system included goggles, synthesized speech, head and hand trackers, hand-held controller, and speech recognition. Questionnaires measured participants' smoking knowledge and behavior,a participants' reports on the usability of the VE system, and reports of simulator sickness symptoms. Structured interviews with randomly selected participants from each group revealed more detailed information. Data indicated the VE group retained more information and had more positive experiences learning about dangers of smoking and assertiveness skills than did the LST group. Usability data showed ease of use and learning of the VE system, with no significant symptoms of simulator sickness. These data indicated that this VE application is a promising tool for keeping teens healthy.

  6. Bill (declared urgency) asserting the national commitment for the environment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The bill asserting the French national commitment for the environment (also named 'Grenelle 2') is considered as the juridical tool-box of the French environmental policy. It confirms, strengthens, and concretizes the objectives defined by the Grenelle 1 law. The main dispositions of the bill concern the following domains: settlement and urbanism with the improvement of the energy efficiency, energy conservation and life-cycle of buildings; transports with the development of sustainable transportation systems; energy with the creation of regional climate, air and energy schemes with the aim of developing renewable energies (with some restrictions concerning wind power) and reducing CO2 emissions; biodiversity with the creation of ecological pathways between protected areas for the migration of flora and fauna species; environment and waste management with the reinforcement of measures for the abatement of environmental pollutant effects. Among the numerous dispositions involving more than 20 codes (urbanism, environment, buildings etc..) one concerns the progressive implementation of a 'carbon price' index taking into account the greenhouse gas emission costs during the whole life cycle of a product, another one concerns the monitoring of indoor air quality in public buildings. This document is made of three parts. Part 1 is the exposition of the intentions of each article of the bill, part 2 is the bill itself and part 3 is the impact study of the bill in terms of economical, social and environmental impact. (J.S.)

  7. Evaluation of Assertive Training and Homosexual Guidance Service Groups Designed to Improve Homosexual Functioning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Russell, A.; Winkler, R.

    1977-01-01

    It is proposed that clinicians should develop research-based assertiveness training procedures for homosexuals that are designed to facilitate homosexual functioning. Subjects (N=27) were assigned to a behaviorally oriented assertive training group or a non-directive group run by a homosexual guidance service. Self-report measures indicated…

  8. The Use of Stimulus/Modeling Videotapes in Assertive Training for Homosexuals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duehn, Wayne D.; Mayadas, Nazneen, S.

    1976-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to develop and apply an experimental approach for teaching assertive behaviors in selective problematic interpersonal situations encountered by homosexuals. Results of a single-subject interrupted time-series analysis suggest that the client displayed significantly more assertive behaviors on four of the six criterion…

  9. The Relationship between the Assertive Behavior of Parents and the Behavior of Their Children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shilling, Catherine S.

    1979-01-01

    Results indicate that, contrary to most literature on the family, assertiveness relates to affection rather than control; that assertiveness training should be subordinated to interpersonal skills training; that Fundamental Interpersonal Relations Orientation-Behavior (FIRO-B) instruments provide more effective assessment of family interaction…

  10. Adolescents' Self-Assertion in the Process of Upbringing and Instruction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Islamova, Z. B.

    2010-01-01

    Self-assertion involves an individual's search for and realization of his own special path in the world, his values and purpose in life in every given moment. It is a process that accompanies a person throughout his life. Self-assertion becomes exceptionally important in adolescence as it marks a turning point in one's attitude toward oneself; one…

  11. Counteracting the Effects of Sex-role Stereotyping Using Assertive Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poland, Elizabeth Young

    1977-01-01

    The article discussed the relationship between sex-role behaviors and assertiveness. It was concluded that assertive training is potentially valuable to students and educators alike in helping to modify some of the extreme behaviors associated with sex-role stereotypes and as such is beneficial in bringing about more adaptive forms of behavior in…

  12. Longitudinal Study of Assertion Training as a Drug Abuse Prevention Strategy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Horan, John J.; Williams, John M.

    1982-01-01

    Nonassertive junior high school students were assigned randomly to assertion training involving drug-use peer pressure. At posttest and at a three-year follow-up point, students continued to display high levels of assertiveness and less willingness to use alcohol and marijuana. (Author/PN)

  13. Correlates of Adolescent Assertiveness with HIV Avoidance in a Four-Nation Sample

    Science.gov (United States)

    Onuoha, Francis N.; Munakata, Tsunetsugu

    2005-01-01

    Adolescents are frequently admonished to be socially assertive in order to confront negative interpersonal peer influences. Since the advent of HIV/AIDS in human social chemistry, the admonition has become more critical than ever. But the warning is often proffered in the misguided presumption that social assertiveness is the all-required…

  14. Effects of Gender, Age, and Education on Assertiveness in a Nigerian Sample

    Science.gov (United States)

    Onyeizugbo, Eucharia U.

    2003-01-01

    Two hundred fourteen (214) married persons, 101 men and 113 women aged 20-60, with at least high school education, participated in the study which investigated the effects of gender, age, and educational attainment on assertiveness among married persons in Nigeria. The Assertive Behavior Assessment scale (ABAS; Onyeizugbo, 1998) was used to…

  15. Relation between Assertiveness, Academic Self-Efficacy, and Psychosocial Adjustment among International Graduate Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poyrazli, Senel; Arbona, Consuelo; Nora, Amaury; McPherson, Robert; Pisecco, Stewart

    2002-01-01

    Rathus Assertiveness Schedule, Academic Self-Efficacy Scale, The Inventory for Student Adjustment Strain, and UCLA Loneliness Scale were used to examine a total of 122 graduate international students. Findings indicate that English proficiency, assertiveness, and academic self-efficacy contributed uniquely to the variance in students' general…

  16. An Investigation of High School Seniors' Assertiveness Levels Based on Their Demographic Characteristics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Çam, Ibrahim

    2015-01-01

    High school students who are in the development age or in the last class and have chance to win the university exams or disposal stage of the business life must also have a high level of assertiveness. In this context, the purpose of this research is to compare the assertiveness levels of high school seniors. The study group consists of 312 high…

  17. Assertive Skills and Academic Performance in Primary and Secondary Education, Giftedness, and Conflictive Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marugan de Miguelsanz, Montserrat; Carbonero Martin, Miguel Angel; Palazuelo Martinez, Ma Marcela

    2012-01-01

    Introduction: This study explores the level of assertiveness in various samples of students from Primary and Secondary Education. With the data obtained, on the one hand, we analyzed the relation between assertiveness and academic performance and, on the other, we verified whether students who are excluded from the norm, either because of their…

  18. Relationships of Assertiveness, Depression, and Social Support Among Older Nursing Home Residents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Segal, Daniel

    2005-01-01

    This study assessed the relationships of assertiveness, depression, and social support among nursing home residents. The sample included 50 older nursing home residents (mean age=75 years; 75% female; 92% Caucasian). There was a significant correlation between assertiveness and depression (r=-.33), but the correlations between social support and…

  19. Sexual Assertiveness Mediates the Effect of Social Interaction Anxiety on Sexual Victimization Risk among College Women

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schry, Amie R.; White, Susan W.

    2013-01-01

    Sexual victimization is prevalent among college women and is associated with adverse psychological consequences. Social anxiety, particularly related to interpersonal interaction, may increase risk of sexual victimization among college women by decreasing sexual assertiveness and decreasing the likelihood of using assertive resistance techniques.…

  20. Prediction of Addiction Potential on the Basis of Aggression and Assertiveness in University Students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehrdad Hajihasani

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: The aim of present research was the prediction of addiction potential on the basis of aggression and assertiveness in Allameh Tabbatabaei girl students. Method: The research method was correlational design and population of research was girl students of Allameh Tabatabaei university. By available sampling 150 girls were selected and Ahvaz Aggression Questionnaire, Gambril & Rigy Assertiveness questionnaire and Zargari Addiction Potential Questionnaire administered among selected sample. Findings: the results of the Pearson correlation showed that the relationship between aggression, assertiveness, and addiction potential was significant. Also, the results of multivariate regression analysis showed that aggression, assertiveness and depression can predict the Addiction Potential. Conclusion: Addiction potential can be predicted by aggression and assertiveness.

  1. The Effect of Assertiveness Training on the Mobbing That Nurses Experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karakaş, Sibel Asi; Okanli, Ayşe

    2015-10-01

    This research was designed to determine the impact of assertiveness training on the mobbing experience of nurses. This study was conducted in two phases. In the first phase, 218 nurses completed the mobbing scale; the education group consisted of 38 nurses who received a score at or above 204 points. A total of 180 nurses were excluded from the education group because they received less than 204 points. The study was conducted with 30 nurses because 8 nurses did not agree to participate in the study. The 30 nurses received the assertiveness training program. Six months after training, the nurses completed the mobbing scale and Rathus Assertiveness Inventory (RAI) again. The assertiveness training positively affected the assertiveness and mobbing scores (p = .000). After the training, the assertiveness scores increased and the mobbing condition score decreased (p Assertiveness training is an effective method for decreasing mobbing. In line with these results, training programs, which support nurses' personal development by providing counseling and support to nurse victims of mobbing, are recommended. PMID:26242741

  2. Computation of two phase flow distribution and CHF in horizontal bundles using the assert subchannel code

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The ASSERT subchannel code has been developed specifically to model flow and phase distributions within CANDU fuel bundles. ASSERT uses a drift-flux model which permits the phases to have unequal velocities, and can thus model phase separation tendencies which may occur in horizontal flow. The basic principles of ASSERT are outlined, and computed results are compared against data from various experiments for validation purposes. The paper concludes with an example of the use of the code to predict critical heat flux in CANDU geometries

  3. ASSERT-PV simulations of two-phase flow in horizontal and vertical subchannels

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This is a part of the effort to assess the ASSERT-PV code which is supposedly capable of quantifying the effect of small flow boundary changes in the fuel channel of CANDU reactors. Two independently performed subchannel experiments are simulated by the ASSERT-PV code. The result includes the pressure and the void fraction distributions in each subchannel. It is found that the ASSERT-PV predicts both experimental data quite well by selecting the void diffusion constant properly for the adiabatic two-phase flows. (author)

  4. Comparison of ASSERT-4 CHF predictions with measurements in 28-element simulated fuel string

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The subchannel analysis code ASSERT-4 was used to model CHF experiments with a 28-element simulated fuel string carried out by Ontario Hydro at Columbia University. ASSERT was run with eleven CHF test conditions to determine dryout power using each of the five CHF models available in the code. The location of first dryout and the spreading of dryout with increasing power were also investigated. The five CHF models used in ASSERT are the Whalley mechanistic model; W-3, Bowring and Biasi correlations; and table lookup. Of these, implementation in ASSERT-4 of the Biasi correlation gives the most accurate dryout power predictions. Predictions using the table lookup method and the Whalley model are almost equally good, while those using the W-3 correlation and, especially, the Bowring correlation are inferior. In predicting dryout spreading patterns, use of the Whalley model comes the closest to adequately identifying the actual dryout location

  5. [Causal relationship between assertiveness and adjustment in children: A short-term longitudinal study].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eguchi, Megumi; Hamaguchi, Yoshikazu

    2015-08-01

    This study examined the causal relationships between assertiveness and both internal and external adjustment in children. Elementary school children in grades four through six (N = 284) participated in the study, which used a short-term longitudinal design. The children completed questionnaires twice during a 6-months period. They responded to assertiveness questionnaires that included two components: "self-expression" and "consideration of others". They also completed a self-esteem scale as an index of internal adjustment, and the Class Life Satisfaction scale as an index of external adjustment. There was a positive causative relationship between "self-expression" and internal adjustment and between "consideration for others" and external adjustment. In addition, the effects on adjustment varied according to the type of assertiveness. Cluster analysis and MANOVA indicated that the group with high "self-expression" and "consideration for others" had high internal and external adjustment, while the children with poor assertiveness showed the lowest degree of adaptivity. PMID:26402950

  6. Risk Taking Behaviour And Assertiveness Behaviour Of D.T.ED., Teacher Trainees – A Study

    OpenAIRE

    A.C. LAL KUMAR; R.Muthumanickam

    2012-01-01

    The aim of the study is to investigate the risk taking behaviour and assertiveness behaviour of D.T.Ed., Teacher Trainees. The sample of the study consisted of 400 D.T.Ed., Teacher Trainees (129 male and 271 female). The tools used in the study were the Risk Taking Behaviour Scale by Answer Yousuf and Assertiveness Inventory by Tasneem Naqvi (1988).After framing necessary objectives and hypotheses, appropriate analysis was carried out on the collected data .From this analysis ...

  7. Assertiveness training: Effects of treatment, maintenance of change and therapists' contribution in therapy outcome

    OpenAIRE

    Tovilović Snežana

    2005-01-01

    In this research is shown part of results concerning evaluation study of group assertiveness training. Treatment, which has been organized as structured program of assertiveness training, has been applied on 18 groups of subjects during 9 group sessions. This treatment has been adjusted to non-psychiatric clients from our country. Groups were lead by two therapists. During 20 months of our research 215 voluntary participants of full age have joined training groups. Final sample consisted of 1...

  8. The Impact of Exploring Feelings Training on The Assertiveness of University Students

    OpenAIRE

    Yücel ÖKSÜZ

    2004-01-01

    This study examines the effects of exploring feelings training on the assertiveness of university students. The research was carried out with students of class teacher department of the Educational Faculty of Ondokuz Mayıs University for the 2003-2004 academic year. The research was designed pre-test, post-test control group design and both, the experimantel group and the control group included 22 students each.The students’ loneliness level was measured by using the RAE, Rathus Assertiveness...

  9. Prediction of Addiction Potential on the Basis of Aggression and Assertiveness in University Students

    OpenAIRE

    Mehrdad Hajihasani; Abdoolah Shafiabadi; Fahmideh Pirsaghi; Mehrab Bashirpour

    2012-01-01

    Introduction: The aim of present research was the prediction of addiction potential on the basis of aggression and assertiveness in Allameh Tabbatabaei girl students. Method: The research method was correlational design and population of research was girl students of Allameh Tabatabaei university. By available sampling 150 girls were selected and Ahvaz Aggression Questionnaire, Gambril & Rigy Assertiveness questionnaire and Zargari Addiction Potential Questionnaire administered among selected...

  10. Effect of Meta-Cognitive Therapy on Self Assertiveness Skill in Patients with

    OpenAIRE

    Mohammad Hossein Bahadori; Marziyeh Jahanbakhsh; Fatemeh Mohammad Hosseinpour; Salar Faramarzi

    2014-01-01

    Background: Self assertiveness can be considered as hearth of interpersonal behavior and weakness in this area is one of the obvious characteristic in the patients with social phobia disorder. This study aimed to determine the effect of meta-cognitive therapy on the rate of self assertiveness skill in patients with social phobia disorder. Materials and Methods: This experimental study was conducted with pretest-posttest and follow-up design, using control group. From all social...

  11. PSYCHOLOGICAL SEX AND ASSERTIVE BEHAVIOUR AMONG STUDENTS OF UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION IN WROCLAW

    OpenAIRE

    Romanowska-tolloczko, Anna; Bartusiak, Irena; Nowak, Agata

    2009-01-01

    Psychological sex and assertiveness belong to human characteristics and abilities prone to social influence. These properties to a large extent determine the individuals' behaviour and their perception of themselves as well as of the surrounding world. The aim of the research was to establish the type of psychological sex and the level of assertive behaviour abilities among students of University School of Physical Education in Wrocław. The correlation between the two properties was also meas...

  12. The Use of Financial Reporting Assertions at the Various Stages of Audit

    OpenAIRE

    Alla Aleksandrovna Vasilenko

    2015-01-01

    In the context of unsustainable economic development, the requirements that apply to reliability of financial reporting are growing steadily. From the auditor’s perspective it means actualization of the audit methodology problems which can be solved both at the level of financial reporting and the level of its assertions. The article examines the correlation between the audit stages and the usage of financial reporting assertions by auditor in the context of progressive audit. The author prov...

  13. Chinese assertiveness in the South China Sea and Southeast Asian responses

    OpenAIRE

    Thayer, Carlyle A.

    2011-01-01

    This article reviews Chinese assertive behaviour towards the Philippines and Vietnam over South China Sea issues in 2011. The article compares and contrasts Chinese diplomatic behaviour in the period before and after the adoption by ASEAN member states and China of Guidelines for the Implementation the Declaration on Conduct of Parties in the South China Sea in July. In the first period China aggressively asserted its claims to sovereignty by interfering with commercial fishing and oil explor...

  14. Validation of the ASSERT subchannel code for MAPLE-X10 reactor conditions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The ASSERT subchannel analysis code has been developed specifically to model flow and phase distributions within CANDU fuel channels. Recently, ASSERT has been adapted for use in simulating the MAPLE-X10 reactor. ASSERT uses an advanced drift-flux model, which permits the phases to have unequal velocities and unequal temperatures (UVUT), and thus can model non-equilibrium effects such as phase separation tendencies and subcooled boiling. Modelling subcooled boiling accurately is particularly important for MAPLE-X10. This paper briefly summarizes the non-equilibrium model used in the ASSERT code, the equations used to represent these models, and the algorithms used to solve the equations numerically. Very few modifications to the ASSERT models were needed to address MAPLE conditions. These centered on the manner in which finned fuel rods are treated, and they are discussed in the paper. The paper also gives results from validation exercises, in which the ASSERT code predictions of subcooled boiling void-fraction and critical heat flux were compared to experiments using MAPLE-X10 finned fuel elements in annuli and various bundles. 18 refs., 13 figs., 3 tabs

  15. Assertiveness training: Effects of treatment, maintenance of change and therapists' contribution in therapy outcome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tovilović Snežana

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available In this research is shown part of results concerning evaluation study of group assertiveness training. Treatment, which has been organized as structured program of assertiveness training, has been applied on 18 groups of subjects during 9 group sessions. This treatment has been adjusted to non-psychiatric clients from our country. Groups were lead by two therapists. During 20 months of our research 215 voluntary participants of full age have joined training groups. Final sample consisted of 158 subjects who had finished treatment and who had fulfilled criteria for taking repeated measurement. Subjects had taken battery of questionnaires before the treatment and eight weeks after they had completed treatment. Subsample, which included 35 subjects from one therapist’s groups, took retest after twice longer time period. Results of conducted research have confirmed the hypothesis concerning the potentiality of assertiveness training to produce expected and significant improvements of treated subjects. Therapy effect is found on symptomatic level through reduction of symptoms of non-assertive behaviors, which were target of the treatment. Contrary to expectation interactive effect of treatment and therapist to reduction of symptoms of non-assertive behavior has been found, which implies need for further investigation of variables that are related to therapists. Through the medium of treatment therapeutic changes in structural level, in domain of general assertiveness, social anxiety and treated subjects' self-concept are produced. The effect of therapy we might consider stabled and maintained after 16 weeks of finishing the treatment.

  16. A STUDY ON THE ASSERTIVENESS LEVEL OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION AND SPORTS COLLEGE STUDENTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erdogan B.S.

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to examine some of the variables in the level of students’ boldness who study at Physical education and sports colleges and to compare the findings with the other studies in the literature. The Research Group contains 92 male and 64 female (/age = 21,612 + 1,921, in total 156 students from Selcuk University physical education and sports college. In order to reach the purpose of the study “Rathus Assertiveness Schedule” has been used as the methodology which is developed by Rathus [12,13], and adopted to Turkish by Voltan [18]. For the interpretation of the data, the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test, one way anova test have been applied and to determine the difference between the groups Turkey test has been applied too. The significance was P <0.05. According to the level of sports; the difference between the average levels of scores of the assertiveness is meaningful [t value = 4,327 P = 0,000 < 0.05]. Looking at average values; average levels of the assertiveness of students doing some sports is ( =86,5614, average levels of the assertiveness of students doing some sports is ( =80,7857. As a result of this study; According to the level of sports observations, the difference between the average levels of scores of the assertiveness is meaningful [t value = 4,327 P = 0,000 < 0.05]. Looking at average values we see that students, who engaged in sports, has been obtained more level of average score of assertiveness than students engaged in no sports. From the point of assertiveness, participation in sport from the perspective of individuals there is a difference in favor of those engaged in sports.

  17. Assessment of subchannel code ASSERT-PV for flow-distribution predictions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: • Assessment of the subchannel code ASSERT-PV 3.2 for the prediction of flow distribution. • Open literature and in-house experimental data to quantify ASSERT-PV predictions. • Model changes assessed against vertical and horizontal flow experiments. • Improvement of flow-distribution predictions under CANDU-relevant conditions. - Abstract: This paper reports an assessment of the recently released subchannel code ASSERT-PV 3.2 for the prediction of flow-distribution in fuel bundles, including subchannel void fraction, quality and mass fluxes. Experimental data from open literature and from in-house tests are used to assess the flow-distribution models in ASSERT-PV 3.2. The prediction statistics using the recommended model set of ASSERT-PV 3.2 are compared to those from previous code versions. Separate-effects sensitivity studies are performed to quantify the contribution of each flow-distribution model change or enhancement to the improvement in flow-distribution prediction. The assessment demonstrates significant improvement in the prediction of flow-distribution in horizontal fuel channels containing CANDU bundles

  18. Input modelling of ASSERT-PV V2R8M1 for RUFIC fuel bundle

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report describes the input modelling for subchannel analysis of CANFLEX-RU (RUFIC) fuel bundle which has been developed for an advanced fuel bundle of CANDU-6 reactor, using ASSERT-PV V2R8M1 code. Execution file of ASSERT-PV V2R8M1 code was recently transferred from AECL under JRDC agreement between KAERI and AECL. SSERT-PV V2R8M1 which is quite different from COBRA-IV-i code has been developed for thermalhydraulic analysis of CANDU-6 fuel channel by subchannel analysis method and updated so that 43-element CANDU fuel geometry can be applied. Hence, ASSERT code can be applied to the subchannel analysis of RUFIC fuel bundle. The present report was prepared for ASSERT input modelling of RUFIC fuel bundle. Since the ASSERT results highly depend on user's input modelling, the calculation results may be quite different among the user's input models. The objective of the present report is the preparation of detail description of the background information for input data and gives credibility of the calculation results

  19. Assessment of subchannel code ASSERT-PV for flow-distribution predictions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nava-Dominguez, A., E-mail: navadoma@aecl.ca; Rao, Y.F., E-mail: raoy@aecl.ca; Waddington, G.M., E-mail: waddingg@aecl.ca

    2014-08-15

    Highlights: • Assessment of the subchannel code ASSERT-PV 3.2 for the prediction of flow distribution. • Open literature and in-house experimental data to quantify ASSERT-PV predictions. • Model changes assessed against vertical and horizontal flow experiments. • Improvement of flow-distribution predictions under CANDU-relevant conditions. - Abstract: This paper reports an assessment of the recently released subchannel code ASSERT-PV 3.2 for the prediction of flow-distribution in fuel bundles, including subchannel void fraction, quality and mass fluxes. Experimental data from open literature and from in-house tests are used to assess the flow-distribution models in ASSERT-PV 3.2. The prediction statistics using the recommended model set of ASSERT-PV 3.2 are compared to those from previous code versions. Separate-effects sensitivity studies are performed to quantify the contribution of each flow-distribution model change or enhancement to the improvement in flow-distribution prediction. The assessment demonstrates significant improvement in the prediction of flow-distribution in horizontal fuel channels containing CANDU bundles.

  20. LEVEL OF SELF-RESPECT AND ASSERTIVENESS SKILLS AND TEACHERS’ EDUCATIONAL COMPETENCES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Romanowska-Tolloczko Anna

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: determining of self-respect level and assertiveness of teachers. Verification of whether there is a relationship between the measured trait and the correlation of educational competence. Material and methods: the study used three tools: Polish adaptation of SES M.Rosenberg's Self Esteem Scale, a questionnaire to determine the levels of assertiveness - P.Majewicz's Scale "I and others" and a questionnaire to examine the professional competence of teachers by A.Romanowska-Tołłoczko. The study examined 275 primary school teachers of different subjects. Results: after the statement of the research’s results in the field of self-respect and assertiveness, it turns out that there is some regularity in relation to the level of the studied traits. People with high self-respect also receive higher scores assertive skills compared with those of average and low self-respect. This pattern is seen in all groups of teachers. Conclusions: although the observed differences are not great and statistically significant, they show some evidence of the occurrence trend of interdependence in a range of predispositions. Moreover, a positive correlation between the level of self-respect and assertiveness and parental perception of their competence was noted.

  1. Body Type, Self-Esteem and Assertiveness among High School Students in Ghana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Bruce

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between body type, self-esteem and assertiveness among adolescents of ages between 13 and 19 years. To achieve this aim, the study sampled 56 male and 94 female adolescents of the Senior High School in Accra, Ghana. Results showed that, higher self-esteem leads to assertiveness. Results also showed that body type perception affects self-esteem. It is, therefore, recommended that Guidance and Counselling officers in our schools should educate adolescent students on the three body types and the advantages associated with being one of these body types. This may help prevent developing body dysmorphic disorder, low self-esteem and non-assertiveness among students with negative perceptions of their body types and the possible effects on their personal relationships with peers, general academic performance and in- school and out-of- school life.

  2. A Man's (Precarious) Place: Men's Experienced Threat and Self-Assertive Reactions to Female Superiors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Netchaeva, Ekaterina; Kouchaki, Maryam; Sheppard, Leah D

    2015-09-01

    Across three studies, we investigate men's reactions to women in superior roles. Drawing from precarious manhood theory, we hypothesize that when a woman occupies a superior organizational role, men in subordinate positions experience threat, which leads them to behave more assertively toward her and advocate for themselves. In Studies 1 and 2, we demonstrate that men feel more threatened (relative to women) by women in superior roles (relative to men in superior roles) and, as a result, engage in more assertive behaviors toward these women. In Study 3, we investigate a boundary condition to this effect and demonstrate that a woman in a superior role who displays qualities associated with administrative agency (e.g., directness, proactivity) rather than ambitious agency (e.g., self-promotion, power-seeking) elicits less assertive behavior from men. We conclude by discussing implications as well as directions for future research. PMID:26162611

  3. Assessment of ASSERT-PV for prediction of post-dryout heat transfer in CANDU bundles

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: • Assessment of the new Canadian subchannel code ASSERT-PV 3.2 for PDO sheath temperature prediction. • CANDU 28-, 37- and 43-element bundle PDO experiments. • Prediction improvement of ASSERT-PV 3.2 over previous code versions. • Sensitivity study of the effect of PDO model options. - Abstract: Atomic Energy of Canada Limited (AECL) has developed the subchannel thermalhydraulics code ASSERT-PV for the Canadian nuclear industry. The recently released ASSERT-PV 3.2 provides enhanced models for improved predictions of subchannel flow distribution, critical heat flux (CHF), and post-dryout (PDO) heat transfer in horizontal CANDU fuel channels. This paper presents results of an assessment of the new code version against PDO tests performed during five full-size CANDU bundle experiments conducted between 1992 and 2009 by Stern Laboratories (SL), using 28-, 37- and 43-element bundles. A total of 10 PDO test series with varying pressure-tube creep and/or bearing-pad height were analyzed. The SL experiments encompassed the bundle geometries and range of flow conditions for the intended ASSERT-PV applications for existing CANDU reactors. Code predictions of maximum PDO fuel-sheath temperature were compared against measurements from the SL PDO tests to quantify the code's prediction accuracy. The prediction statistics using the recommended model set of ASSERT-PV 3.2 were compared to those from previous code versions. Furthermore, separate-effects sensitivity studies quantified the contribution of each PDO model change or enhancement to the improvement in PDO heat transfer prediction. Overall, the assessment demonstrated significant improvement in prediction of PDO sheath temperature in horizontal fuel channels containing CANDU bundles

  4. Assessment of ASSERT-PV for prediction of critical heat flux in CANDU bundles

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: • Assessment of the new Canadian subchannel code ASSERT-PV 3.2 for CHF prediction. • CANDU 28-, 37- and 43-element bundle CHF experiments. • Prediction improvement of ASSERT-PV 3.2 over previous code versions. • Sensitivity study of the effect of CHF model options. - Abstract: Atomic Energy of Canada Limited (AECL) has developed the subchannel thermalhydraulics code ASSERT-PV for the Canadian nuclear industry. The recently released ASSERT-PV 3.2 provides enhanced models for improved predictions of flow distribution, critical heat flux (CHF), and post-dryout (PDO) heat transfer in horizontal CANDU fuel channels. This paper presents results of an assessment of the new code version against five full-scale CANDU bundle experiments conducted in 1990s and in 2009 by Stern Laboratories (SL), using 28-, 37- and 43-element (CANFLEX) bundles. A total of 15 CHF test series with varying pressure-tube creep and/or bearing-pad height were analyzed. The SL experiments encompassed the bundle geometries and range of flow conditions for the intended ASSERT-PV applications for CANDU reactors. Code predictions of channel dryout power and axial and radial CHF locations were compared against measurements from the SL CHF tests to quantify the code prediction accuracy. The prediction statistics using the recommended model set of ASSERT-PV 3.2 were compared to those from previous code versions. Furthermore, the sensitivity studies evaluated the contribution of each CHF model change or enhancement to the improvement in CHF prediction. Overall, the assessment demonstrated significant improvement in prediction of channel dryout power and axial and radial CHF locations in horizontal fuel channels containing CANDU bundles

  5. ASSERT/NUCIRC commissioning for CANDU 6 fuel channel CCP analysis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    CANDU PHWR fuel channel pressure tubes will expand or creep under long-term (aging process) influence of temperature, pressure, and neutron flux. This diametral pressure tube creep will influence the critical channel power (CCP), or conditions that lead to dryout. In order to provide safety analysis models to quantify the effect of diametral pressure tube creep on CCP, a COG (AECL/NBP/HQ) project is underway to commission the ASSERT and NUCIRC codes to establish reliable production tools for the assessment of CANDU6 CCP in nominal (uncrept) and crept pressure tube fuel channels. This paper gives an overview of the background and objectives of the project along with a brief introduction into the subchannel analysis code ASSERT and the 1-D thermalhydraulics code NUCIRC. This project is a multistage endeavour, for which the first stage results are presented. A detailed cross-comparison of the 1-D (NUCIRC) and subchannel (ASSERT) models of pressure drop (ΔP) and critical heat flux (CHF) has been undertaken and has led to several enhancements and refinements to the respective models. These results are presented in addition to results of ASSERT commissioning against NUCIRC for a matrix of ΔP and dryout cases in a nominal pressure tube, which are based upon Gentilly 2 and Point Lepreau site area. Additionally, the initial results of an assessment, using ASSERT, of the effects of creep on ΔP are presented. In concluding, the status and future directions for ASSERT/NUCIRC CANDU 6 CCP analysis project are summarized. (author). 2 refs., 12 figs

  6. Assessment of ASSERT-PV for prediction of critical heat flux in CANDU bundles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rao, Y.F., E-mail: raoy@aecl.ca; Cheng, Z., E-mail: chengz@aecl.ca; Waddington, G.M., E-mail: waddingg@aecl.ca

    2014-09-15

    Highlights: • Assessment of the new Canadian subchannel code ASSERT-PV 3.2 for CHF prediction. • CANDU 28-, 37- and 43-element bundle CHF experiments. • Prediction improvement of ASSERT-PV 3.2 over previous code versions. • Sensitivity study of the effect of CHF model options. - Abstract: Atomic Energy of Canada Limited (AECL) has developed the subchannel thermalhydraulics code ASSERT-PV for the Canadian nuclear industry. The recently released ASSERT-PV 3.2 provides enhanced models for improved predictions of flow distribution, critical heat flux (CHF), and post-dryout (PDO) heat transfer in horizontal CANDU fuel channels. This paper presents results of an assessment of the new code version against five full-scale CANDU bundle experiments conducted in 1990s and in 2009 by Stern Laboratories (SL), using 28-, 37- and 43-element (CANFLEX) bundles. A total of 15 CHF test series with varying pressure-tube creep and/or bearing-pad height were analyzed. The SL experiments encompassed the bundle geometries and range of flow conditions for the intended ASSERT-PV applications for CANDU reactors. Code predictions of channel dryout power and axial and radial CHF locations were compared against measurements from the SL CHF tests to quantify the code prediction accuracy. The prediction statistics using the recommended model set of ASSERT-PV 3.2 were compared to those from previous code versions. Furthermore, the sensitivity studies evaluated the contribution of each CHF model change or enhancement to the improvement in CHF prediction. Overall, the assessment demonstrated significant improvement in prediction of channel dryout power and axial and radial CHF locations in horizontal fuel channels containing CANDU bundles.

  7. Assessment of ASSERT-PV for prediction of post-dryout heat transfer in CANDU bundles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cheng, Z., E-mail: chengz@aecl.ca; Rao, Y.F., E-mail: raoy@aecl.ca; Waddington, G.M., E-mail: waddingg@aecl.ca

    2014-10-15

    Highlights: • Assessment of the new Canadian subchannel code ASSERT-PV 3.2 for PDO sheath temperature prediction. • CANDU 28-, 37- and 43-element bundle PDO experiments. • Prediction improvement of ASSERT-PV 3.2 over previous code versions. • Sensitivity study of the effect of PDO model options. - Abstract: Atomic Energy of Canada Limited (AECL) has developed the subchannel thermalhydraulics code ASSERT-PV for the Canadian nuclear industry. The recently released ASSERT-PV 3.2 provides enhanced models for improved predictions of subchannel flow distribution, critical heat flux (CHF), and post-dryout (PDO) heat transfer in horizontal CANDU fuel channels. This paper presents results of an assessment of the new code version against PDO tests performed during five full-size CANDU bundle experiments conducted between 1992 and 2009 by Stern Laboratories (SL), using 28-, 37- and 43-element bundles. A total of 10 PDO test series with varying pressure-tube creep and/or bearing-pad height were analyzed. The SL experiments encompassed the bundle geometries and range of flow conditions for the intended ASSERT-PV applications for existing CANDU reactors. Code predictions of maximum PDO fuel-sheath temperature were compared against measurements from the SL PDO tests to quantify the code's prediction accuracy. The prediction statistics using the recommended model set of ASSERT-PV 3.2 were compared to those from previous code versions. Furthermore, separate-effects sensitivity studies quantified the contribution of each PDO model change or enhancement to the improvement in PDO heat transfer prediction. Overall, the assessment demonstrated significant improvement in prediction of PDO sheath temperature in horizontal fuel channels containing CANDU bundles.

  8. Effect of Meta-Cognitive Therapy on Self Assertiveness Skill in Patients with

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Hossein Bahadori

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Background: Self assertiveness can be considered as hearth of interpersonal behavior and weakness in this area is one of the obvious characteristic in the patients with social phobia disorder. This study aimed to determine the effect of meta-cognitive therapy on the rate of self assertiveness skill in patients with social phobia disorder. Materials and Methods: This experimental study was conducted with pretest-posttest and follow-up design, using control group. From all social phobia disorder patients visited in psychology clinics in Shiraz, south western part of Iran in 2012, 22 patients were selected through the objective sampling method and randomly divided into two experimental (11 persons and control (11 persons groups. The instruments of this study were social phobia symptoms assessment questioner (SPSAQ and self assertiveness scale (SAS. The experimental group received 8 weeks of Wells’ meta-cognitive therapy sessions. Data were analyzed through covariance analysis method. Results: The results showed that the mean of the self assertiveness scores in post-test and follow up in the experimental group is significantly higher than that of the control group (p<0.05. The results of analysis of multivariate covariance showed that MCT had a significant effect on increscent of the self assertiveness skill scores of posttest (0.39 and follow up (0.38 in patients with social phobia disorder (p<0.001. Conclusion: This intervention is believed to improve self assertiveness skill in SPD patients by facilitating transmission from the object mode to the meta-cognitive mode and enhancing the efficient and flexible coping skills.

  9. Equivalence and standard scores of the Hurlbert Index of Sexual Assertiveness across Spanish men and women

    OpenAIRE

    Pablo Santos-Iglesias; Pablo Vallejo-Medina; Juan C. Sierra

    2014-01-01

    El objetivo de este estudio fue analizar la presencia de invarianza de medida y funcionamiento diferencial del ??tem de la versi??n espa??ola del Hurlbert Index of Sexual Assertiveness en funci??n del sexo. La muestra estuvo compuesta por 1.600 mujeres y 1.598 hombres de Espa??a, con edades comprendidas entre los 18 y 84 a??os. El Hurlbert Index of Sexual Assertiveness solo mostr?? invarianza d??bil entre hombres y mujeres. El an??lisis de funcionamiento diferencial del ??tem mostr?? que ??ni...

  10. SystemVerilog assertions and functional coverage guide to language, methodology and applications

    CERN Document Server

    Mehta, Ashok B

    2013-01-01

    This book provides a hands-on, application-oriented guide to the language and methodology of both SystemVerilog Assertions and SytemVerilog Functional Coverage.  Readers will benefit from the step-by-step approach to functional hardware verification, which will enable them to uncover hidden and hard to find bugs, point directly to the source of the bug, provide for a clean and easy way to model complex timing checks and objectively answer the question 'have we functionally verified everything'.  Written by a professional end-user of both SystemVerilog Assertions and SystemVerilog Functional Co

  11. The Effects of a Sport Education Season on Empathy and Assertiveness

    Science.gov (United States)

    García-López, L. M.; Gutiérrez, D.

    2015-01-01

    Background: One of the objectives of the new Spanish Education Act is for students to develop a series of social skills, largely derived from the ability variables of assertiveness and empathy. Sport Education is an instructional model that is deemed useful in the development of personal and social responsibility and social values. It requires…

  12. 40 CFR 68.151 - Assertion of claims of confidential business information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 15 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Assertion of claims of confidential business information. 68.151 Section 68.151 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) CHEMICAL ACCIDENT PREVENTION PROVISIONS Risk Management Plan §...

  13. Differentiating between Confrontive and Coercive Kinds of Parental Power-Assertive Disciplinary Practices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baumrind, Diana

    2012-01-01

    In this essay, I differentiate between coercive and confrontive kinds of power assertion to elucidate the significantly different effects on children's well-being of authoritarian and authoritative styles of parental authority. Although both parenting styles (in contrast to the permissive style) are equally demanding, forceful, and…

  14. ASSERT-PV 3.2: Advanced subchannel thermalhydraulics code for CANDU fuel bundles

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: • Introduction to a new version of the Canadian subchannel code, ASSERT-PV 3.2. • Enhanced models for flow-distribution, CHF and post-dryout heat transfer prediction. • Model changes focused on unique features of horizontal CANDU bundles. • Detailed description of model changes for all major thermalhydraulics models. • Discussion on rationale and limitation of the model changes. - Abstract: Atomic Energy of Canada Limited (AECL) has developed the subchannel thermalhydraulics code ASSERT-PV for the Canadian nuclear industry. The most recent release version, ASSERT-PV 3.2 has enhanced phenomenon models for improved predictions of flow distribution, dryout power and CHF location, and post-dryout (PDO) sheath temperature in horizontal CANDU fuel bundles. The focus of the improvements is mainly on modeling considerations for the unique features of CANDU bundles such as horizontal flows, small pitch to diameter ratios, high mass fluxes, and mixed and irregular subchannel geometries, compared to PWR/BWR fuel assemblies. This paper provides a general introduction to ASSERT-PV 3.2, and describes the model changes or additions in the new version to improve predictions of flow distribution, dryout power and CHF location, and PDO sheath temperatures in CANDU fuel bundles

  15. An Assertiveness Training Program for Indecisive Students Attending an Italian University.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nota, Laura; Soresi, Salvatore

    2003-01-01

    Indecisive students often present with social skills problems, which may make academic and vocational decision-making tasks difficult and complex for them. This article presents a training program devised to augment assertive competencies in indecisive students choosing a university course of study. Intended aims and the analyses to assess the…

  16. Investigation of flow blockage in a fuel channel with the ASSERT subchannel code

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    On behalf of New Brunswick Power, a study was undertaken to determine if safe operation of a CANDU-6 reactor can be maintained at low reactor powers with the presence of debris in the fuel channels. In particular, the concern was to address if a small blockage due to the presence of debris would cause a significant reduction in dryout powers, and hence, to determine the safe operation power level to maintain dryout margins. In this work the NUCIRC(1,2), ASSERT-IV(3), and ASSERT-PV(3) computer codes are used in conjunction with a pool boiling model to determine the safe operation power level which maintains dryout safety margins. NUCIRC is used to provide channel boundary conditions for the ASSERTcodes and to select a representative channel for analysis. This pool boiling model is provided as a limiting lower bound analysis. As expected, the ASSERT results predict higher CHF ratios than the pool boiling model. In general, the ASSERT results show that as the model comes closer to modelling a complete blockage it reduces toward, but does not reach the pool boiling model. (author)

  17. Function assertive community treatment (FACT) and psychiatric service use in patients diagnosed with severe mental illness

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Drukker, M.; van Os, J.; Sytema, S.; Driessen, G.; Visser, E.; Delespaul, Ph.

    2011-01-01

    Aim. Previous work suggests that the Dutch variant of assertive community treatment (ACT), known as Function ACT (FACT), may be effective in increasing symptomatic remission rates when replacing a system of hospital-based care and separate community-based facilities. FACT guidelines propose a differ

  18. Women are Warmer but No Less Assertive than Men: Gender and Language on Facebook

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Gregory; Schwartz, H. Andrew; Kern, Margaret L.; Eichstaedt, Johannes C.; Kosinski, Michael; Stillwell, David; Ungar, Lyle H.; Seligman, Martin E. P.

    2016-01-01

    Using a large social media dataset and open-vocabulary methods from computational linguistics, we explored differences in language use across gender, affiliation, and assertiveness. In Study 1, we analyzed topics (groups of semantically similar words) across 10 million messages from over 52,000 Facebook users. Most language differed little across gender. However, topics most associated with self-identified female participants included friends, family, and social life, whereas topics most associated with self-identified male participants included swearing, anger, discussion of objects instead of people, and the use of argumentative language. In Study 2, we plotted male- and female-linked language topics along two interpersonal dimensions prevalent in gender research: affiliation and assertiveness. In a sample of over 15,000 Facebook users, we found substantial gender differences in the use of affiliative language and slight differences in assertive language. Language used more by self-identified females was interpersonally warmer, more compassionate, polite, and—contrary to previous findings—slightly more assertive in their language use, whereas language used more by self-identified males was colder, more hostile, and impersonal. Computational linguistic analysis combined with methods to automatically label topics offer means for testing psychological theories unobtrusively at large scale. PMID:27223607

  19. ASSERT-PV 3.2: Advanced subchannel thermalhydraulics code for CANDU fuel bundles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rao, Y.F., E-mail: raoy@aecl.ca; Cheng, Z., E-mail: chengz@aecl.ca; Waddington, G.M., E-mail: waddingg@aecl.ca; Nava-Dominguez, A., E-mail: navadoma@aecl.ca

    2014-08-15

    Highlights: • Introduction to a new version of the Canadian subchannel code, ASSERT-PV 3.2. • Enhanced models for flow-distribution, CHF and post-dryout heat transfer prediction. • Model changes focused on unique features of horizontal CANDU bundles. • Detailed description of model changes for all major thermalhydraulics models. • Discussion on rationale and limitation of the model changes. - Abstract: Atomic Energy of Canada Limited (AECL) has developed the subchannel thermalhydraulics code ASSERT-PV for the Canadian nuclear industry. The most recent release version, ASSERT-PV 3.2 has enhanced phenomenon models for improved predictions of flow distribution, dryout power and CHF location, and post-dryout (PDO) sheath temperature in horizontal CANDU fuel bundles. The focus of the improvements is mainly on modeling considerations for the unique features of CANDU bundles such as horizontal flows, small pitch to diameter ratios, high mass fluxes, and mixed and irregular subchannel geometries, compared to PWR/BWR fuel assemblies. This paper provides a general introduction to ASSERT-PV 3.2, and describes the model changes or additions in the new version to improve predictions of flow distribution, dryout power and CHF location, and PDO sheath temperatures in CANDU fuel bundles.

  20. 48 CFR 252.227-7019 - Validation of asserted restrictions-Computer software.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... restrictions-Computer software. 252.227-7019 Section 252.227-7019 Federal Acquisition Regulations System...—Computer software. As prescribed in 227.7104(e)(3) or 227.7203-6(c), use the following clause: Validation of Asserted Restrictions—Computer Software (JUN 1995) (a) Definitions. (1) As used in this...

  1. 77 FR 25475 - Inquiry To Learn Whether Businesses Assert Business Confidentiality Claims Regarding Waste Import...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-30

    ... AGENCY Inquiry To Learn Whether Businesses Assert Business Confidentiality Claims Regarding Waste Import... notices similar to this one in the Federal Register, the latest one being at 76 FR 362, January 4, 2011... information at issue: the preliminary inquiry and the notice of opportunity to comment. a. Inquiry To...

  2. 75 FR 4812 - Inquiry To Learn Whether Businesses Assert Business Confidentiality Claims

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-29

    ... AGENCY Inquiry To Learn Whether Businesses Assert Business Confidentiality Claims AGENCY: Environmental... Information EPA has previously published notices similar to this one in the Federal Register, at 74 FR 20293, May 1, 2009, and 72 FR 21006, April 27, 2007 that address issues similar to those raised by...

  3. 76 FR 362 - Inquiry To Learn Whether Businesses Assert Business Confidentiality Claims

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-04

    ... AGENCY Inquiry To Learn Whether Businesses Assert Business Confidentiality Claims AGENCY: Environmental... previously published notices similar to this one in the Federal Register, the latest one being at 75 FR 4812... issue: The preliminary inquiry and the notice of opportunity to comment. a. Inquiry To Learn...

  4. 77 FR 109 - Inquiry To Learn Whether Businesses Assert Business Confidentiality Claims Regarding Waste Import...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-03

    ... AGENCY Inquiry To Learn Whether Businesses Assert Business Confidentiality Claims Regarding Waste Import... published notices similar to this one in the Federal Register, the latest one being at 76 FR 362, January 4... and the notice of opportunity to comment. a. Inquiry To Learn Whether Affected Businesses (Other...

  5. 75 FR 44951 - Inquiry To Learn Whether Businesses Assert Business Confidentiality Claims

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-30

    ... AGENCY Inquiry To Learn Whether Businesses Assert Business Confidentiality Claims AGENCY: Environmental... previously published notices similar to this one in the Federal Register, the latest one being at 75 FR 4812... issue: The preliminary inquiry and the notice of opportunity to comment. a. Inquiry To Learn...

  6. Cognitive Adaptation Training combined with assertive community treatment: A Randomised Longitudinal Trial

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hounsgaard, Lise; Hansen, J. P.; Østergaard, B.;

    2012-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Cognitive adaptation training (CAT) targets the adaptive behaviour of patients with schizophrenia and has shown promising results regarding the social aspects of psychosocial treatment. As yet, no reports have appeared on the use of CAT in combination with assertive community treatment...

  7. "Who You Dissin', Dude?" At-Risk Students Learn Assertive Communication Skills.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cangelosi, Barbara R.

    2000-01-01

    Describes a four-week unit developed by the author to teach her at-risk high school students assertive communication as a means of empowerment, a way of taking control of situations. Describes organizing the content and implementing the curriculum, and notes students' positive and enthusiastic feedback. (SR)

  8. Associations between assertiveness, psychological well-being, and self-esteem in adolescents

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sarkova, Maria; Bacikova-Sleskova, Maria; Orosova, Olga; Geckova, Andrea Madarasova; Katreniakova, Zuzana; Klein, Daniel; van den Heuvel, Wim; van Dijk, Jitse P.

    2013-01-01

    This study explored the associations between adolescents assertive behavior, psychological well-being, and self-esteem. The sample consisted of 1,023 students (14.9 +/-.51; 47.6% boys). Two dimensions of the Scale for Interpersonal Behavior (distress and performance), 2 factors of the General Health

  9. Women are Warmer but No Less Assertive than Men: Gender and Language on Facebook.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gregory Park

    Full Text Available Using a large social media dataset and open-vocabulary methods from computational linguistics, we explored differences in language use across gender, affiliation, and assertiveness. In Study 1, we analyzed topics (groups of semantically similar words across 10 million messages from over 52,000 Facebook users. Most language differed little across gender. However, topics most associated with self-identified female participants included friends, family, and social life, whereas topics most associated with self-identified male participants included swearing, anger, discussion of objects instead of people, and the use of argumentative language. In Study 2, we plotted male- and female-linked language topics along two interpersonal dimensions prevalent in gender research: affiliation and assertiveness. In a sample of over 15,000 Facebook users, we found substantial gender differences in the use of affiliative language and slight differences in assertive language. Language used more by self-identified females was interpersonally warmer, more compassionate, polite, and-contrary to previous findings-slightly more assertive in their language use, whereas language used more by self-identified males was colder, more hostile, and impersonal. Computational linguistic analysis combined with methods to automatically label topics offer means for testing psychological theories unobtrusively at large scale.

  10. 78 FR 2669 - Waste Import and Export; Inquiry To Learn Whether Businesses Assert Business Confidentiality Claims

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-14

    ... responses to this notice must be in the English language. 5. The Effect of Failure To Respond to This Notice... AGENCY Waste Import and Export; Inquiry To Learn Whether Businesses Assert Business Confidentiality... comments, identified by Docket ID No. EPA-HQ- OECA-2012-0957, by one of the following methods:...

  11. Mental health service users' and practitioners' experiences of engagement in assertive outreach: a qualitative study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wright, N; Callaghan, P; Bartlett, P

    2011-11-01

    Assertive outreach services have been central to community mental health policy within the UK. These multidisciplinary teams were established to engage with service users who have severe and enduring mental health problems and have found traditional community services unable to meet their needs. Mental health nurses have a pivotal role in these multidisciplinary teams, yet the nature of these relationships from the perspective of those who work in and receive care is poorly understood. This study set out to explore the nature and meaning of engagement for practitioners and service users within assertive outreach services. A qualitative approach, informed by philosophical hermeneutics, underpinned the study. Participants were recruited from a single assertive outreach team in the UK. To be eligible for the study, mental health practitioners needed to be employed within the assertive outreach team. All service users residing in the community and receiving care from the team were also eligible for inclusion. In total 14 interviews were conducted with mental health practitioners and 13 with service users. Data analysis was informed by Turner's method. Four themes emerged from the data; contact, dialogue, transformation and shared understanding. Meaningful engagement was found to manifest itself through experiences such as providing and receiving practical assistance, having a genuine two-way conversation and valuing the experiences and personal attributes of the other person. The findings indicate that engagement is an active, dynamic and skilled process, which leads practitioners and service users to transform together to create a new relationship. PMID:21985685

  12. 29 CFR 825.220 - Protection for employees who request leave or otherwise assert FMLA rights.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... otherwise assert FMLA rights. (a) The FMLA prohibits interference with an employee's rights under the law, and with legal proceedings or inquiries relating to an employee's rights. More specifically, the law... with” the exercise of an employee's rights would include, for example, not only refusing to...

  13. On the Comparison of Interpersonal Sensitivity and Assertiveness between Drug-Dependent Persons and Ordinary People

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Babak Vojudi

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Objective: The present study was aimed at comparing interpersonal sensitivity and assertiveness between drug-dependent persons and ordinary people. Method: The research method was causal-comparative. The statistical population of the study consisted of all narcotic addicts of Tabriz City who referred to Addiction Treatment Centers while the research was being conducted. The number of 30 addicted persons was selected through cluster sampling and 30 ordinary persons as control group through convenience sampling method. Gmbryl & Ritchie’s assertiveness questionnaire (1975 and Boyce & Parker’s Interpersonal Sensitivity Measure (IPSM 1989 were used for data collection purposes. Results: The results showed that there was a statistically significant difference between two groups in terms of interpersonal sensitivity and assertiveness. The addicts showed less assertiveness and more interpersonal sensitivity in comparison with their healthy counterparts. Conclusion: The findings show that people who are unable to express themselves and exert sensitivity in interpersonal relationships are more likely at high risk of substance dependence. However, it is possible to prevent these persons from turning to addiction by teaching them these skills.

  14. Perceived Social Support and Assertiveness as a Predictor of Candidates Psychological Counselors' Psychological Well-Being

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ates, Bünyamin

    2016-01-01

    In this research, to what extent the variables of perceived social support (family, friends and special people) and assertiveness predicted the psychological well-being levels of candidate psychological counselors. The research group of this study included totally randomly selected 308 candidate psychological counselors including 174 females…

  15. Effects of Assertiveness Training and Expressive Writing on Acculturative Stress in International Students: A Randomized Trial

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tavakoli, Shedeh; Lumley, Mark A.; Hijazi, Alaa M.; Slavin-Spenny, Olga M.; Parris, George P.

    2009-01-01

    International university students often experience acculturative stress, and culturally appropriate techniques to manage stress are needed. This randomized trial tested the effects of group assertiveness training, private expressive writing, their combination, and a wait-list control on the acculturative stress, affect, and health of 118…

  16. The effect of recreational physical exercise on depression and assertiveness levels of university students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gülcan Tekin

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of the recreational physical exercise on depression and assertiveness levels of the university students who had never participated in regular physical exercise before. There were 15 male and 15 female totally 30 students in control group and 15 male and 15 female students in exercise group of research. The students in control group carried on their usual life during the research while the students in exercise group participated in a 8 week exercise program including folk dances and step for an hour 3 times a week. The data collecting materials were the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI for depression scores, and the Rathus Assertiveness Inventory (RAI for the scores of assertiveness. Both Inventories were applied to the control group for 2 times as first and last measurement (at first week before exercise and last week after exercise and to the exercise group for 3 times as first, mid and last measurement (at first week before exercise, at eighth week after exercise, and last week after exercise. Mean, frequency, percent, standart deviation, t-test, ANOVA, and Tukey HSD Post Hoc tests scores were given in texts, figures, and tables. The results showed that participation in physical exercise in leisure affects the depression and assertiveness levels of students in both sex positively.

  17. The effect of recreational physical exercise on depression and assertiveness levels of university students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gülcan Tekin

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available  The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of the recreational physical exercise on depression and assertiveness levels of the university students who had never participated in regular physical exercise before. There were 15 male and 15 female totally 30 students in control group and 15 male and 15 female students in exercise group of research. The students in control group carried on their usual life during the research while the students in exercise group participated in a 8 week exercise program including folk dances and step for an hour 3 times a week. The data collecting materials were the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI for depression scores, and the Rathus Assertiveness Inventory (RAI for the scores of assertiveness. Both Inventories were applied to the control group for 2 times as first and last measurement (at first week before exercise and last week after exercise and to the exercise group for 3 times as first, mid and last measurement (at first week before exercise, at eighth week after exercise, and last week after exercise. Mean, frequency, percent, standart deviation, t-test, ANOVA, and Tukey HSD Post Hoc tests scores were given in texts, figures, and tables. The results showed that participation in physical exercise in leisure affects the depression and assertiveness levels of students in both sex positively

  18. Assertive Classroom Management Strategies and Students' Performance: The Case of EFL Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aliakbari, Mohammad; Bozorgmanesh, Bafrin

    2015-01-01

    Ample research findings support the effective role that classroom management strategies play in enhancing students' learning. Drawing upon Iranian high school teachers' classroom management strategies, this article is intended to examine the extent to which these teachers follow assertive classroom management strategies and if these strategies…

  19. Women are Warmer but No Less Assertive than Men: Gender and Language on Facebook.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Gregory; Yaden, David Bryce; Schwartz, H Andrew; Kern, Margaret L; Eichstaedt, Johannes C; Kosinski, Michael; Stillwell, David; Ungar, Lyle H; Seligman, Martin E P

    2016-01-01

    Using a large social media dataset and open-vocabulary methods from computational linguistics, we explored differences in language use across gender, affiliation, and assertiveness. In Study 1, we analyzed topics (groups of semantically similar words) across 10 million messages from over 52,000 Facebook users. Most language differed little across gender. However, topics most associated with self-identified female participants included friends, family, and social life, whereas topics most associated with self-identified male participants included swearing, anger, discussion of objects instead of people, and the use of argumentative language. In Study 2, we plotted male- and female-linked language topics along two interpersonal dimensions prevalent in gender research: affiliation and assertiveness. In a sample of over 15,000 Facebook users, we found substantial gender differences in the use of affiliative language and slight differences in assertive language. Language used more by self-identified females was interpersonally warmer, more compassionate, polite, and-contrary to previous findings-slightly more assertive in their language use, whereas language used more by self-identified males was colder, more hostile, and impersonal. Computational linguistic analysis combined with methods to automatically label topics offer means for testing psychological theories unobtrusively at large scale. PMID:27223607

  20. A Study of the Relationship between Assertive Parenting Styles and Career Indecision in College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cullen, Keith C.

    2013-01-01

    For a variety of reasons, higher levels of parental assertiveness have begun to impact even the basic conflicts college students encounter while in attendance. Called "helicopter parenting" within the popular press, these parents are described as involving themselves in the minutia of their child's college experience, engaging with…

  1. Comparing Locus of Control, Assertiveness and General Health among Young Drug Addicts in Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shahriar Shahidi

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available "n "nObjective:The aim of this research was to compare the characteristics of assertiveness, locus of control and general health among young drug dependent patients in Iran. "n "nMethods: Three groups of Iranians: were choosed. The first group included drug dependent patients who had volunteered for treatment and had registered in the local Welfare Organization; the second group included dependent patients who were in the prison; and the third group held nondependent patients. All the participants were male and were matched for age and educational level . The following instruments were used in the present study: locus of control  uestionnaire , Assertiveness Scale and the General Health Questionnaire, GHQ. "n "nResults: The results of the present research showed that there were significant differences among the three groups in ssertiveness, locus of control and GHQ scores. It was found that participants in the non addictive group were more assertive and more internal in their locus of control and had higher GHQ scores than the other two groups. The participants in the prison group reported less assertiveness and lower GHQ scores than the non addictive group ; and their locus of control was more external. Conclusion: "n The results this study may be useful in terms of possible strategies for changing an attributive style in young adults in the framework of psychotherapy

  2. Gender roles in relation to assertiveness and Eysenckian personality dimensions : Replication with a Spanish population sample

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Arrindell, W.A.; Vergara, A.I.; Torres, B.; Caballo, V.E.; Sanderman, R.; Calvo, M G; Vanderende, J.; Oosterhof, L.; Castro, J

    1997-01-01

    The objective of the present study was to evaluate the cross-national replicability of the usual pattern of associations observed in Anglo-Saxon samples between masculinity and femininity on the one hand and difficulty and distress in assertiveness and the major Eysenckian dimensions of personality

  3. A QUANTIFIER-ELIMINATION BASED HEURISTIC FOR AUTOMATICALLY GENERATING INDUCTIVE ASSERTIONS FOR PROGRAMS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Deepak KAPUR

    2006-01-01

    A method using quantifier-elimination is proposed for automatically generating program invariants/inductive assertions. Given a program, inductive assertions, hypothesized as parameterized formulas in a theory, are associated with program locations. Parameters in inductive assertions are discovered by generating constraints on parameters by ensuring that an inductive assertion is indeed preserved by all execution paths leading to the associated location of the program. The method can be used to discover loop invariants-properties of variables that remain invariant at the entry of a loop. The parameterized formula can be successively refined by considering execution paths one by one; heuristics can be developed for determining the order in which the paths are considered. Initialization of program variables as well as the precondition and postcondition, if available, can also be used to further refine the hypothesized invariant. The method does not depend on the availability of the precondition and postcondition of a program. Constraints on parameters generated in this way are solved for possible values of parameters. If no solution is possible, this means that an invariant of the hypothesized form is not likely to exist for the loop under the assumptions/approximations made to generate the associated verification condition. Otherwise, if the parametric constraints are solvable, then under certain conditions on methods for generating these constraints, the strongest possible invariant of the hypothesized form can be generated from most general solutions of the parametric constraints. The approach is illustrated using the logical languages of conjunction of polynomial equations as well as Presburger arithmetic for expressing assertions.

  4. Assertive classroom management strategies and students’ performance: The case of EFL classroom

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Aliakbari

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Ample research findings support the effective role that classroom management strategies play in enhancing students’ learning. Drawing upon Iranian high school teachers’ classroom management strategies, this article is intended to examine the extent to which these teachers follow assertive classroom management strategies and if these strategies affect students’ performance. Conducting a survey including 123 female students, it was found out that Iranian teachers apply classroom management strategies of organization, teaching management, teacher–student relationship, and teacher punishment–rewards (consequences with varying degrees. In the results section, Pearson correlation is applied between students’ achievement and each part of teacher management strategies. Finally, a positive relationship between teachers’ assertiveness and students’ performance was approved. The findings led to implications for in-service training programs for EFL teachers.

  5. Assertiveness and problem-solving training for mildly mentally retarded persons with dual diagnoses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nezu, C M; Nezu, A M; Arean, P

    1991-01-01

    This study investigated the differential effectiveness of assertiveness and problem-solving training on dually diagnosed patients' adaptive social behavior, distress and psychiatric symptoms, anger control, and problem-solving coping skills using a counterbalanced design. Assessments were conducted at pretreatment, midphase, posttreatment, and a 3-month follow-up examination. A combined assertiveness and problem-solving training package was effective for treatment of individuals with mild mental retardation with dual psychiatric diagnoses. Specifically, improvements occurred regarding both self-report measures of distress and caregiver ratings of adaptive functioning; however, no essential differences were found between these two treatment protocols. The importance of using self-regulatory models of therapy with this population is highlighted, and recommendations were made for future research.

  6. Assertion-Based Design Exploration of DVS in Network Processor Architectures

    CERN Document Server

    Yu, Jia; Chen, Xi; Hsieh, Harry; Yang, Jun; Balarin, Felice

    2011-01-01

    With the scaling of technology and higher requirements on performance and functionality, power dissipation is becoming one of the major design considerations in the development of network processors. In this paper, we use an assertion-based methodology for system-level power/performance analysis to study two dynamic voltage scaling (DVS) techniques, traffic-based DVS and execution-based DVS, in a network processor model. Using the automatically generated distribution analyzers, we analyze the power and performance distributions and study their trade-offs for the two DVS policies with different parameter settings such as threshold values and window sizes. We discuss the optimal configurations of the two DVS policies under different design requirements. By a set of experiments, we show that the assertion-based trace analysis methodology is an efficient tool that can help a designer easily compare and study optimal architectural configurations in a large design space.

  7. Equivalence and standard scores of the Hurlbert Index of Sexual Assertiveness across Spanish men and women

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pablo Santos-Iglesias

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of the present study was to analyze the measurement invariance and differential item functioning of the Spanish version of the Hurlbert Index of Sexual Assertiveness across gender. The sample was composed of 1,600 women and 1,598 men from Spain, with ages ranging from 18 to 84 years old. The Hurlbert Index of Sexual Assertiveness only showed weak invariance for men and women. The differential item functioning analysis showed that only item 2 ("I feel that I am shy when it comes to sex" flagged moderate uniform differential item functioning. More specifically, women tended to respond "Always" to this item more frequently than did men. Results strongly suggested eliminating item 2, resulting in a final version with 18 items clustered into two dimensions with good reliability values for men and women. Standard scores for both Initiation and No Shyness/Refusal reflected traditional sexual scripts for men and women.

  8. Assertive classroom management strategies and students’ performance: The case of EFL classroom

    OpenAIRE

    Mohammad Aliakbari; Bafrin Bozorgmanesh

    2015-01-01

    Ample research findings support the effective role that classroom management strategies play in enhancing students’ learning. Drawing upon Iranian high school teachers’ classroom management strategies, this article is intended to examine the extent to which these teachers follow assertive classroom management strategies and if these strategies affect students’ performance. Conducting a survey including 123 female students, it was found out that Iranian teachers apply classroom management stra...

  9. An Assertional Proof System for Multithreaded Java - Theory and Tool Support

    OpenAIRE

    Abraham, E

    2005-01-01

    Besides the features of a class-based object-oriented language, Java integrates concurrency via its thread classes, allowing for a multithreaded flow of control. The concurrency model includes shared-variable concurrency via instance variables, coordination via reentrant synchronization monitors, synchronous message passing, and dynamic thread creation. To reason about safety properties of multithreaded Java programs, we introduce a tool-supported assertional proof method for JavaMT ("Multi-T...

  10. Assertiveness Skills Training Efficiency on College Students’ Persuasive Subjective Norms against Substance Abuse

    OpenAIRE

    M Barati; H. Allahverdipour; B. Moeini; A. Farhadi Nasab; H. Mahjub; F. Jalilian

    2011-01-01

    Introduction & Objective: The prevalence of substance abuse among college students is increasing drastically and requires immediate skill-based substance abuse intervention such as assertive skills. The purpose of this study was to develope the healthy behavior to change the subjective norms of students in order to decrease their tendency towards substance abuse. Materials & Methods: A pre and post nonequivalent control group design study carried out on college students. A total number of 140...

  11. Effects of Assertiveness Training and Expressive Writing on Acculturative Stress in International Students: A Randomized Trial

    OpenAIRE

    Tavakoli, Shedeh; Lumley, Mark A.; Hijazi, Alaa M.; Slavin-Spenny, Olga M.; Parris, George P.

    2009-01-01

    International university students often experience acculturative stress, and culturally appropriate techniques to manage stress are needed. This randomized trial tested the effects of group assertiveness training, private expressive writing, their combination, and a wait-list control on the acculturative stress, affect, and health of 118 international students at an urban, American university. Interventions were conducted at the start of a semester, and assessments were conducted at baseline ...

  12. On the Comparison of Interpersonal Sensitivity and Assertiveness between Drug-Dependent Persons and Ordinary People

    OpenAIRE

    Babak Vojudi; Nastaran Otared; Hamid poursharifi

    2015-01-01

    Objective: The present study was aimed at comparing interpersonal sensitivity and assertiveness between drug-dependent persons and ordinary people. Method: The research method was causal-comparative. The statistical population of the study consisted of all narcotic addicts of Tabriz City who referred to Addiction Treatment Centers while the research was being conducted. The number of 30 addicted persons was selected through cluster sampling and 30 ordinary persons as control group through con...

  13. The effects of a sport education season on empathy and assertiveness

    OpenAIRE

    García López, Luis Miguel; Gutiérrez Díaz del Campo, David

    2013-01-01

    Background: One of the objectives of the new Spanish Education Act is for students to develop a series of social skills, largely derived from the ability variables of assertiveness and empathy. Sport Education is an instructional model that is deemed useful in the development of personal and social responsibility and social values. It requires interaction among students during group activities as there are many roles and responsibilities involved. Previous research on Sport Education reveals ...

  14. Women are Warmer but No Less Assertive than Men: Gender and Language on Facebook

    OpenAIRE

    Gregory Park; David Bryce Yaden; H Andrew Schwartz; Kern, Margaret L.; Eichstaedt, Johannes C.; Michael Kosinski; David Stillwell; Ungar, Lyle H.; Seligman, Martin E.P.

    2016-01-01

    Using a large social media dataset and open-vocabulary methods from computational linguistics, we explored differences in language use across gender, affiliation, and assertiveness. In Study 1, we analyzed topics (groups of semantically similar words) across 10 million messages from over 52,000 Facebook users. Most language differed little across gender. However, topics most associated with self-identified female participants included friends, family, and social life, whereas topics most asso...

  15. Efektifitas pelatihan SAT (self regulation, assertiveness and time management) untuk meningkatkan kedisiplinan remaja di SMA

    OpenAIRE

    Khairiah, Ummi

    2016-01-01

    Discipline adolescent is younger behavior to implement the role with self regulation, self motivation and time management. Self regulation, self motivation and time management to implement the rule reason of comprehension someboby. Missunderstanding making lose the capability self regulation, self motivation, and time management, and than maked behavior of desciplin. Cause of that need intervention psychologi with cognitive-behavior. The training is SAT (self regulation, assertiveness and tim...

  16. The Use of Financial Reporting Assertions at the Various Stages of Audit

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alla Aleksandrovna Vasilenko

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available In the context of unsustainable economic development, the requirements that apply to reliability of financial reporting are growing steadily. From the auditor’s perspective it means actualization of the audit methodology problems which can be solved both at the level of financial reporting and the level of its assertions. The article examines the correlation between the audit stages and the usage of financial reporting assertions by auditor in the context of progressive audit. The author provides the results of the synthesis approaches of researchers to allocation and justification of the audit stages. The audit process consists of two directions: achieving the overall audit objectives and achieving the objectives at the level of individual segments. It is proposed to consider the four audit stages in accordance with International Standards on Auditing: 1 planning an audit; 2 audit procedures and audit evidence; 3 evaluation of misstatements identified during the audit; 4 forming an opinion in the audit report. It is established that financial reporting assertions are applied at the three of four audit stages. The analysis of standards on auditing has revealed strong relationship between the audit procedures and the financial reporting assertions. The links which are described in the article are implemented in the practice of auditing organizations by the development of audit documentation set for the various stages of audit. It allows to structure process of planning and performing audit procedures basing on the requirements of the international standards on auditing. As a result, the optimal conditions are created for expressing the opinion by auditor in his report regarding the reliability of the financial statements.

  17. Self-Esteem and Assertiveness Levels of Nursing and Midwifery Students

    OpenAIRE

    DİNÇER, Uz. Hem.Feray; ÖZTUNÇ, Doç. Dr. Gürsel

    2009-01-01

    Nursing and midwifery education is a difficult and stressful process. In this process, nursing and midwifery students are expected to have a high self-confidence, to express themselves, to communicate effectively, and to be able to defend his/her herself. The population of our descriptive study, which was conducted to determine self-esteem and assertiveness levels of nursing and midwifery students, consisted of the students of Çukurova University Adana Health College. Data is collected by que...

  18. Moral Decision-Making among Assertive Community Treatment (ACT) Case Managers: A Focus Group Study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lerbæk, Birgitte; Aagaard, Jørgen; Andersen, Mette;

    2015-01-01

    The context of care in assertive community treatment (ACT) can be precarious and generate ethical issues involving the principles of autonomy and paternalism. This focus group study examined case managers’ situated accounts of moral reasoning. Our findings show how they expressed strong moral...... obligation towards helping the clients. Their moral reasoning reflected a paternalistic position where, on different occasions, the potential benefits of their interventions would be prioritised at the expense of protecting the clients’ personal autonomy. The case managers’ reasoning emphasised situational...

  19. Moral Decision-Making among Assertive Community Treatment (ACT) Case Managers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lerbæk, Birgitte; Aagaard, Jørgen; Andersen, Mette Braendstrup;

    2015-01-01

    The context of care in assertive community treatment (ACT) can be precarious and generate ethical issues involving the principles of autonomy and paternalism. This focus group study examined case managers' situated accounts of moral reasoning. Our findings show how they expressed strong moral...... obligation towards helping the clients. Their moral reasoning reflected a paternalistic position where, on different occasions, the potential benefits of their interventions would be prioritised at the expense of protecting the clients' personal autonomy. The case managers' reasoning emphasised situational...

  20. Diasporic Authenticity Assertions: Analysis of Amy Tan’s The Bonesetter’s Daughter

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Naeimeh Tabatabaei Lotfi

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available This essay is an attempt to examine the active interaction of history and memory, in formulation of a diasporic authentic picture of past, in Amy Tan’s The Bonesetter’s Daughter (2001. Amongst discursive disciplines, memory and history perform vitally, in picturing past; both attempt to reproduce events, by emblematic narrative acts. However, their erratic quality endorses the existence of counter- stories that endangers displaying a homogeneous past. Among miscellaneous categories of memories, autobiographical memory asserts to obtain an authentic presentation, but as any other forms of accounts, it exhibits an imprecise fictional image. This psychological alleviation ensures the future mental integrity of trauma victims. In memory narratives, the contingent temperament of power network and continual formulation of resisting frameworks might be explored. Tan’s diasporic assertion of authenticity, as a migrant writer, amalgamated with employment of fantasy is to obtain a shared diasporic identity, among her characters, although personal accounts of characters undergo an extensive amount of contingency. The newly forged identity is collective in nature and defies the geographical and temporal borders and grants a humane picture rather than a diasporic one; an identity that is established to venerate the cardinal role of personal memory, in endowing legitimate truth. Keywords: Amy Tan- Authenticity Assertion- Memory- History- Diasporic Narrative

  1. ASSERT validation against the Stern Laboratories' single-phase pressure drop tests

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper describes the preliminary validation of ASSERT-IV against the single-phase pressure drop tests from the 37-element CHF (critical heat flux) experiments conducted at Stern Laboratories, and shows how this study fits into the overall ASSERT validation plan. The effects on the pressure drop of several friction and form loss models are evaluated, including the geometry-based K-factor model. The choice of friction factor has a small effect on the predicted channel pressure drop, compared to the form loss model choice. Using the uniform K-factors of Hameed, the computed pressure drops are in excellent agreement with the experimental results from the nominal pressure tube tests. For future ASSERT applications, either Hameed's uniform K-factors or the geometry-based model using Idelchik's thick-edged orifice equation are recommended, as are the friction factor correlations of Colebrook-White, Selander, and Aly and Groeneveld. More analysis of the geometry-based K-factor model is required. (author). 23 refs., 4 tabs., 9 figs

  2. Formal verification of reactor process control software using assertion checking environment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Assertion Checking Environment (ACE) was developed in-house for carrying out formal (rigorous/ mathematical) functional verification of embedded software written in MISRA C. MISRA C is an industrially sponsored safe sub-set of C programming language and is well accepted in the automotive and aerospace industries. ACE uses static assertion checking technique for verification of MISRA C programs. First the functional specifications of the program are derived from the specifications in the form of pre- and post-conditions for each C function. These pre- and post-conditions are then introduced as assertions (formal comments) in the program code. The annotated C code is then formally verified using ACE. In this paper we present our experience of using ACE for the formal verification of process control software of a nuclear reactor. The Software Requirements Document (SRD) contained textual specifications of the process control software. The SRD was used by the designers to draw logic diagrams which were given as input to a code generator. The verification of the generated C code was done at 2 levels viz. (i) verification against specifications derived from logic diagrams, and (ii) verification against specifications derived from SRD. In this work we checked approximately 600 functional specifications of the software having roughly 15000 lines of code. (author)

  3. Chinese Assertiveness in the South China Sea and Southeast Asian Responses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlyle A. Thayer

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available This article reviews Chinese assertive behaviour towards the Philippines and Vietnam over South China Sea issues in 2011. The article compares and contrasts Chinese diplomatic behaviour in the period before and after the adoption by ASEAN member states and China of Guidelines for the Implementation the Declaration on Conduct of Parties in the South China Sea in July. In the first period China aggressively asserted its claims to sovereignty by interfering with commercial fishing and oil exploration activities of vessels operating in the Exclusive Economic Zones of Vietnam and the Philippines. Both states resisted Chinese actions. The Philippines allocated increased funding for defence modernization, lobbied ASEAN states and shored up its alliance with the United States. Vietnam too protested Chinese action and undertook symbolic steps to defend national sovereignty. In the second period all states moved to contain South China Sea tensions from affecting their larger bilateral relations. It remains to be seen, however, if proposed confidence building measures will ameliorate Chinese assertiveness.

  4. Assertiveness Skills Training Efficiency on College Students’ Persuasive Subjective Norms against Substance Abuse

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Barati

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Introduction & Objective: The prevalence of substance abuse among college students is increasing drastically and requires immediate skill-based substance abuse intervention such as assertive skills. The purpose of this study was to develope the healthy behavior to change the subjective norms of students in order to decrease their tendency towards substance abuse. Materials & Methods: A pre and post nonequivalent control group design study carried out on college students. A total number of 140 students were selected through randomized cluster sampling and randomly assigned to the intervention (n=70 and the control (n=70 groups. The data-gathering tool consisted of a self-report questionnaire assessing the variables of moral , descriptive , and injunctive norms. After the diagnostic evaluation, assertive skills promoting program was applied to persuade the participants against substances abuse. Respondents in the control and experimental groups completed questionnaires at baseline and 2 months after the intervention. Results: The result showed that educational manipulation had significant effect on intervention group’s average response for moral norms (t= -3.36, P<0.001, descriptive norms (t= -3.07, P<0.003, and injunctive norms for persuading substance abuse (t=-3.79, P<0.000.Conclusion: These findings suggest that assertive skills training would be an efficient tool in drug abuse prevention programs among adolescents that should also be included in the comprehensive school health programs. (Sci J Hamadan Univ Med Sci 2011;18(3:40-49

  5. Alexithymia, emotion perception, and social assertiveness in adult women with Noonan and Turner syndromes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roelofs, Renée L; Wingbermühle, Ellen; Freriks, Kim; Verhaak, Chris M; Kessels, Roy P C; Egger, Jos I M

    2015-04-01

    Noonan syndrome (NS) and Turner syndrome (TS) are associated with cognitive problems and difficulties in affective information processing. While both phenotypes include short stature, facial dysmorphisms, and a webbed neck, genetic etiology and neuropsychological phenotype differ significantly. The present study examines putative differences in affective information processing and social assertiveness between adult women with NS and TS. Twenty-six women with NS, 40 women with TS, and 40 female controls were matched on age and intelligence, and subsequently compared on (1) alexithymia, measured by the Bermond-Vorst Alexithymia Questionnaire, (2) emotion perception, evaluated by the Emotion Recognition Task, and (3) social assertiveness and social discomfort, assessed by the Scale for Interpersonal Behavior. Women with TS showed higher levels of alexithymia than women with NS and controls (P-values assertiveness and the level of social discomfort. Women with NS and TS demonstrated different patterns of impairment in affective information processing, in terms of alexithymia and emotion perception. The present findings suggest neuropsychological phenotyping to be helpful for the diagnosis of specific cognitive-affective deficits in genetic syndromes, for the enhancement of genetic counseling, and for the development of personalized treatment plans. PMID:25711203

  6. The Effectiveness of Social Skills Training by Cognitive-Behavioral Group in the Increase of Girls’ Self-Esteem and Assertiveness with Addicted Parents

    OpenAIRE

    Maryam Esmaeili

    2011-01-01

    Objective: The aim of the study was the survey of social skills training by cognitive behavioral group in the increase of girls’ self-esteem and assertiveness with addicted parents in Isfahan. Method: 20 students with addicted parents who had the lowest rate of assertiveness were selected by semi-experimental method in third to fifth grades. Randomly research projects pre-test-post-test control group. Questionnaire to measure assertiveness and assertiveness Gmbryl and Richie Esteem Questionna...

  7. Analysis on the Level of Assertiveness of the Athletes Took Part in Eliminations for Adults Taekwondo National Team

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Taner YILMAZ

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Several elements may affect assertiveness. Woman's traditional sister or caretaker role causes her sometimes to become aggressive by behaving in a stiff, authoritarian way and sometimes passive. The aim of this study is to research the level of as sertiveness of the athletes took part in the Turkey Taekwondo National Team eliminations in 2014. 106 males at the average age of 21, 12 and 56 females at the average age of 20,39 took part in the research. RAE (Rathus Assertiveness Schedule developed by Rathus in 1977 and adapted to Turkish by Nilüfer Voltan Acar (1980 was used to determine the level of assertiveness. In conclusion, no significant difference was found between males and females in terms of assertiveness level scores.

  8. The Investigation of relation between elementary school second grade students’ self-esteem, different skills and assertiveness levels

    OpenAIRE

    Hakan Sarıçam; Elifcan Yılmaz; Arzu Gülbahçe; Öner Gülbahçe; Mehmet Çardak

    2013-01-01

    This study aims to examine the relation among the self esteem, different abilility levels and assertiveness levels of second grade primary education. An investigation has been done on over 180 students, chosen randomly, from the primary education schools of Erzurum MEB in accordance with the purpose of this study. Information Form, Rosenberg Self-Esteem Inventory, Basic Aptitude Test 6-8 and Rathus Assertiveness Inventory were used. SPSS 15.0/WINDOWS programme was used for data analysis. ‘t ...

  9. Women’s Condom Use Assertiveness and Sexual Risk-Taking: Effects of Alcohol Intoxication and Adult Victimization

    OpenAIRE

    Stoner, Susan A.; Norris, Jeanette; George, William H.; Morrison, Diane M.; Zawacki, Tina; DAVIS, KELLY CUE; Hessler, Danielle M

    2008-01-01

    This experiment examined relationships among adulthood victimization, sexual assertiveness, alcohol intoxication, and sexual risk-taking in female social drinkers (N = 161). Women completed measures of sexual assault and intimate partner violence history and sexual assertiveness before random assignment to 1 of 4 beverage conditions: control, placebo, low dose (.04%), or high dose (.08%). After drinking, women read a second-person story involving a sexual encounter with a new partner. As prot...

  10. The Relationship with Self Esteem Between Assertiveness Levels of Sub-Elite In-Door Soccer Players

    OpenAIRE

    Serdar SUCAN; TURAN, Mehmet Behzat; Osman PEPE; Doğan DOĞAN

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this study was investigated the relationship with self esteem between assertiveness levels of sub-elite in-door soccer players. For this aim, 18–28 aged, 86 male and 91 female athletes studying 7 universities which joined in-door soccer championship of Turkish University Sport Federation was participated to study volunteerly.Participants were performed socio- demographic data formi Rathus Assertiveness Schedule and Coopersmith Self-Esteem Inventory. Data were analyzed by using IBM ...

  11. The effect of recreational physical exercise on depression and assertiveness levels of university students

    OpenAIRE

    Gülcan Tekin; M. Tayfun Amman; Ali Tekin

    2009-01-01

     The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of the recreational physical exercise on depression and assertiveness levels of the university students who had never participated in regular physical exercise before. There were 15 male and 15 female totally 30 students in control group and 15 male and 15 female students in exercise group of research. The students in control group carried on their usual life during the research while the students in exercise group participated in a 8 week...

  12. Associations between assertiveness, psychological well-being, and self-esteem in adolescents

    OpenAIRE

    Sarkova, Maria; Bacikova-Sleskova, Maria; Orosova, Olga; Geckova, Andrea Madarasova; Katreniakova, Zuzana; Klein, Daniel; van den Heuvel, Wim; van Dijk, Jitse P.

    2013-01-01

    This study explored the associations between adolescents assertive behavior, psychological well-being, and self-esteem. The sample consisted of 1,023 students (14.9 +/-.51; 47.6% boys). Two dimensions of the Scale for Interpersonal Behavior (distress and performance), 2 factors of the General Health Questionnaire-12 (depression/anxiety and social dysfunction), and 2 factors of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (positive self-esteem and negative self-esteem) were used; data were analyzed using h...

  13. Comment on the Kundracute at-Lokajacute icek assertion about the applicability of the Martin formula

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Contrary to the assertion of Kundracute at and Lokajacute icek that the Martin formula, which relates the real part of the elastic hadron-hadron scattering amplitude with its imaginary part, can be used only at small momentum transfers |t|approx-lt 0.15(GeV/c)2 in the CERN ISR and Sp bar pS region, the formula can be used consistently at high energies for the observed experimental data in the whole region of the momentum transfer of the experiments. Their errors are due to an inappropriate numerical approach for solving the problem. copyright 1997 The American Physical Society

  14. A STUDY ON THE ASSERTIVENESS LEVEL OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION AND SPORTS COLLEGE STUDENTS

    OpenAIRE

    Erdogan B.S.; Erbasi F.Y.; Aldemir G.Y.; Eraslan M.; Kaya E.; Şahan, H; Yıldız, M.

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to examine some of the variables in the level of students’ boldness who study at Physical education and sports colleges and to compare the findings with the other studies in the literature. The Research Group contains 92 male and 64 female (/age = 21,612 + 1,921), in total 156 students from Selcuk University physical education and sports college. In order to reach the purpose of the study “Rathus Assertiveness Schedule” has been used as the methodology which ...

  15. Relationship of Depression and Assertiveness in Normal Population and Depressed Individuals

    OpenAIRE

    Ms. Maryam Khurshid; Ms. Bushra Mueen; Dr. Ishtiaq Hassan

    2006-01-01

    The present study is aimed at exploring the relationship between depression and self-assertiveness. Sample of the study consisted of 100 people (men = 50, women = 50), who were taken from different offices, houses, and hospitals. Their age ranged between 18 to 50 years, and education level was at least middle standard and above. Their marital status was of both types i.e. married and unmarried. They belonged to lower and middle socio-economic status. For the measurement of depression and self...

  16. Thermal-hydraulics performance optimization of Candu fuel using Assert subchannel code

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An optimization of fuel bundle geometry using the subchannel code ASSERT is performed in support of Candu fuel design to enhance the thermohydraulics performance. The new bundle design is based on a reference CANFLEX bundle with changes to the centre and inner-ring element diameters and pitch-circle diameters (PCDs) of various element rings. Different methods of varying the PCDs for reaching the optimized geometry are considered in an attempt to minimize the optimization effort. The optimized geometry in the present analysis is the one that maximizes the dryout power and that has simultaneous CHF (critical heat flux) initiation involving more than one subchannel rings. (authors)

  17. Prevalence and characteristics of parenting among people served by Assertive Community Treatment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gewurtz, Rebecca; Krupa, Terry; Eastabrook, Shirley; Horgan, Salinda

    2004-01-01

    This study examines the prevalence and the characteristics of parenting among people served by Assertive Community Treatment (ACT). Four semi-rural ACT teams in southeastern Ontario were surveyed. The findings suggest that a significant minority (38%) of persons receiving ACT services are parents, although most (84%) do not live with their children and many rarely see their children. These findings are surprising considering the lack of discussion in the literature about parenting among recipients of ACT services. The results are discussed in terms of the meaning for ACT services. PMID:15468638

  18. An exploratory study of sexual assertiveness and characteristics of African American women in negotiating condom use at an HBCU.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jenkins, Chalice C; Kennedy, Bernice Roberts

    2013-01-01

    The transmission of HIV/AIDS among African American women through heterosexual sex is an epidemic. Critical themes extracted from the HIV/AIDS sexual assertiveness literature revealed that: (a) sexual assertiveness is related to HIV risk, (b) sexual assertiveness is related to communication, and (c) women with low sexual assertiveness are at risk for HIV. This descriptive study sought to answer the following research question: What do young adult college attending African American women self-report about asking information about their partner's sexual history? The multifaceted model of HIV risk is the theoretical framework which guided this descriptive study. A basic tenet of the multifaceted model of HIV risk is that there is no single predictor of women's HIV risk behavior. Results revealed that 104 young adult college attending African American women who volunteered to attend a one day HIV prevention training overall scored high on a Sexual Assertive Scale on subscales of Information Communication, Refusal, and Pregnancy/STD Prevention Subscale, and scored in the medium range on the Initiation Subscales. The Information Communication and Pregnancy/ STD Prevention Subscale received the highest scores. More research is needed targeting diverse African American females with different socioeconomic status, various locations, and educated to determine their sexual assertiveness with partners which are essential in developing specific programs for diverse groups of African American females. PMID:24279130

  19. Promoting African American women and sexual assertiveness in reducing HIV/AIDS: an analytical review of the research literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kennedy, Bernice Roberts; Jenkins, Chalice C

    2011-01-01

    African American women, including adolescents and adults, are disproportionately affected by the transmission of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS). HIV/AID is a health disparity issue for African American females in comparison to other ethnic groups. According to data acquired from 33 states in 2005, 64% of women who have HIV/ AIDS are African American women. It is estimated that during 2001-2004, 61% of African Americans under the age of 25 had been living with HIV/AIDS. This article is an analytical review of the literature emphasizing sexual assertiveness of African American women and the gap that exists in research literature on this population. The multifaceted model of HIV risk posits that an interpersonal predictor of risky sexual behavior is sexual assertiveness. The critical themes extracted from a review of the literature reveal the following: (a) sexual assertiveness is related to HIV risk in women, (b) sexual assertiveness and sexual communication are related, and (c) women with low sexual assertiveness are at increased risk of HIV As a result of this comprehensive literature, future research studies need to use models in validating sexual assertiveness interventions in reducing the risk of HIV/AIDS in African American women. HIV/AIDs prevention interventions or future studies need to target reducing the risk factors of HIV/AIDS of African Americans focusing on gender and culture-specific strategies.

  20. The Relations h ip with Self Esteem Between Assertiveness Levels of Sub - Elite In - Door Soccer Players

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Serdar SUCAN

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was investigated the relationship with self esteem between assertiveness levels of sub - elite in - door soccer players. For this aim, 18 – 28 aged, 86 male and 91 female athletes studying 7 universities which joined in - door soccer champio nship of Turkish University Sport Federation was participated to study volunteerly. Participants were performed socio - demographic data formi Rathus Assertiveness Schedule and Coopersmith Self - Esteem Inventory. Data were analyzed by using IBM SPSS (versi on 20.0. Spearman Correlation parameter calculated in order to comment the relationship with data, Multiple regretion analysis was performed for the predictive power of self - esteem for assertiveness levels of participants. According to analysis, a positi ve relationship was found between self esteem and assertivenes levels and it was found that self - esteem levels predictived assertiveness levels substantially. As a result of this study, high self - eseteemed athletes could transfer their feelings to others a nd could increase their assertiveness levels. It was known that highly self - esteemed athletes could increase their performance. Therefore, we could say that necessary studies about athletes’ gaining assertiveness behaviors, should take part of primary stud ies of trainers.

  1. Barcroft's bold assertion: All dwellers at high altitudes are persons of impaired physical and mental powers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    West, John B

    2016-03-01

    Barcroft's bold assertion that everyone at high altitude has physical and mental impairment compared with sea level was very provocative. It was a result of the expedition that he led to Cerro de Pasco in Peru, altitude 4300 m. Although it is clear that newcomers to high altitude have reduced physical powers, some people believe that this does not apply to permanent residents who have been at high altitude for generations. The best evidence supports Barcroft's contention, although permanent residents often perform better than acclimatized lowlanders. Turning to neuropsychological function, newcomers to high altitude certainly have some impairment, and there is evidence that the same applies to highlanders. However the notion that permanent residents are impaired is anathema to many people. For example the eminent Peruvian physician Carlos Monge took great exception to Barcroft's remark and even attributed it to the fact that Barcroft was suffering from acute mountain sickness when he made it! Monge referred to 'climatic aggression', by which he meant the negative consequences of the inevitable hypoxia of high altitude. Recent technological advances such as oxygen enrichment of room air can overcome this 'aggression'. This might be useful in some settings at high altitude such as a nursery where newborn babies are cared for, and possibly operating rooms where the surgeon's dexterity may be enhanced. Other situations might be dormitories, conference rooms, and perhaps some school rooms. These constitute possible ways by which the effects of Barcroft's assertion might be countered. PMID:25962370

  2. Barcroft's bold assertion: All dwellers at high altitudes are persons of impaired physical and mental powers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    West, John B

    2016-03-01

    Barcroft's bold assertion that everyone at high altitude has physical and mental impairment compared with sea level was very provocative. It was a result of the expedition that he led to Cerro de Pasco in Peru, altitude 4300 m. Although it is clear that newcomers to high altitude have reduced physical powers, some people believe that this does not apply to permanent residents who have been at high altitude for generations. The best evidence supports Barcroft's contention, although permanent residents often perform better than acclimatized lowlanders. Turning to neuropsychological function, newcomers to high altitude certainly have some impairment, and there is evidence that the same applies to highlanders. However the notion that permanent residents are impaired is anathema to many people. For example the eminent Peruvian physician Carlos Monge took great exception to Barcroft's remark and even attributed it to the fact that Barcroft was suffering from acute mountain sickness when he made it! Monge referred to 'climatic aggression', by which he meant the negative consequences of the inevitable hypoxia of high altitude. Recent technological advances such as oxygen enrichment of room air can overcome this 'aggression'. This might be useful in some settings at high altitude such as a nursery where newborn babies are cared for, and possibly operating rooms where the surgeon's dexterity may be enhanced. Other situations might be dormitories, conference rooms, and perhaps some school rooms. These constitute possible ways by which the effects of Barcroft's assertion might be countered.

  3. Seropositive individuals willingness to communicate, self-efficacy, and assertiveness prior to HIV infection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crowell, Tara L

    2004-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine possible communication similarities between human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive and HIV negative individuals. Forty HIV positive heterosexuals, who were infected through heterosexual sex, completed an on-line questionnaire to assess their safer sexual communication, willingness to communicate, condom self-efficacy, and assertiveness prior to HIV infection. Results indicate that prior to infection, HIV positive heterosexuals reported having similar safer sexual communication behaviors to those not infected with the virus. Participants in this study reported high levels of willingness to engage in safer sex communication, but low levels of actual communication. Further, results reveal that participants who engaged more often in safer sex communication were more likely to use condoms. Additionally, participants reported high levels of condom self-efficacy and moderate levels of assertiveness; both variables positively correlated with condom use. Finally, participants reported that they believed they did not need to discuss using condoms because they were not at risk. Previous safer sexual communication research reveals HIV negative individuals reported engaging in the same behaviors and holding the same beliefs reported by seropositive individuals. Hence, discussion of the importance of safer sexual communication and the utility of personalization to increase the communication of HIV negative individuals is explored.

  4. Alexithymia, Assertiveness and Psychosocial Functioning in HIV: Implications for Medication Adherence and Disease Severity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McIntosh, Roger C; Ironson, Gail; Antoni, Michael; Fletcher, Mary Ann; Schneiderman, Neil

    2016-02-01

    Psychosocial function and adherence to antiretroviral regimen are key factors in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disease management. Alexithymia (AL) is a trait deficit in the ability to identify and describe feelings, emotions and bodily sensations. A structural equation model was used to test whether high levels of AL indirectly relate to greater non-adherent behavior and HIV disease severity via psychosocial dysfunction. Blood draws for HIV-1 viral load and CD4 T-lymphocyte, along with psychosocial surveys were collected from 439 HIV positive adults aged 18-73 years. The structural model supports significant paths from: (1) AL to non-active patient involvement, psychological distress, and lower social support, (2) psychological distress and non-active involvement to non-adherent behavior, and (3) non-adherence to greater HIV disease severity (CFI = .97, RMSEA = .04, SRMR = .05). A second model confirmed the intermediary effect of greater patient assertiveness on the path from AL to social support and non-active patient involvement (CFI = .94, RMSEA = .04, SRMR = .05). Altogether, AL is indirectly linked with HIV disease management through it's association with poor psychosocial function, however greater patient assertiveness buffers the negative impact of AL on relationship quality with healthcare providers and members of one's social support network.

  5. SystemVerilog assertions and functional coverage guide to language, methodology and applications

    CERN Document Server

    Mehta, Ashok B

    2016-01-01

    This book provides a hands-on, application-oriented guide to the language and methodology of both SystemVerilog Assertions and SystemVerilog Functional Coverage. Readers will benefit from the step-by-step approach to functional hardware verification using SystemVerilog Assertions and Functional Coverage, which will enable them to uncover hidden and hard to find bugs, point directly to the source of the bug, provide for a clean and easy way to model complex timing checks and objectively answer the question ‘have we functionally verified everything’. Written by a professional end-user of ASIC/SoC/CPU and FPGA design and Verification, this book explains each concept with easy to understand examples, simulation logs and applications derived from real projects. Readers will be empowered to tackle the modeling of complex checkers for functional verification, thereby drastically reducing their time to design and debug. This updated second edition addresses the latest functional set released in IEEE-1800 (2012) L...

  6. Assertive Communication and Teamwork: Results of an Intervention Program to the Supervisors of a Company

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jesús H. Montes de Oca

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available The study aimed to determine the effect of the implementation of the program "Manage your Talent" in competence assertive communication skills and teamwork. A quasi-experimental research design was used with pre-test - intervention - post-test with control group. The sample included 28 supervisors of a private company, 13 in the experimental group and 15 in the control group. A type of purposive sample was used. The results suggest a positive impact of the program to significantly increase competition achievement assertive communication (U = 3.5, Z = 4.58, *** P <.000, just as in effective dialogue dimensions (U = 8.0, feedback (U = 10.0, conflict resolution (U= 7.0 and non-verbal communication (U = 4.0, the skills of this competence in the highest increase was recorded were effective dialogue and nonverbal communication. In the other, the increase was lower. Regarding competition teamwork (U = 0.00, Z = 4.837, *** P <.000, just as in the dimensions (U = 9.0, Goal Achievement (U = 15.0, democratic environment (U= 12.0 and decision making (U = 7.0. The skills of this competence in the highest increase was recorded were the subject property, democratic environment and goal achievement. Minor increase in decision-making for managing consensus.

  7. Alexithymia, Assertiveness and Psychosocial Functioning in HIV: Implications for Medication Adherence and Disease Severity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McIntosh, Roger C; Ironson, Gail; Antoni, Michael; Fletcher, Mary Ann; Schneiderman, Neil

    2016-02-01

    Psychosocial function and adherence to antiretroviral regimen are key factors in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disease management. Alexithymia (AL) is a trait deficit in the ability to identify and describe feelings, emotions and bodily sensations. A structural equation model was used to test whether high levels of AL indirectly relate to greater non-adherent behavior and HIV disease severity via psychosocial dysfunction. Blood draws for HIV-1 viral load and CD4 T-lymphocyte, along with psychosocial surveys were collected from 439 HIV positive adults aged 18-73 years. The structural model supports significant paths from: (1) AL to non-active patient involvement, psychological distress, and lower social support, (2) psychological distress and non-active involvement to non-adherent behavior, and (3) non-adherence to greater HIV disease severity (CFI = .97, RMSEA = .04, SRMR = .05). A second model confirmed the intermediary effect of greater patient assertiveness on the path from AL to social support and non-active patient involvement (CFI = .94, RMSEA = .04, SRMR = .05). Altogether, AL is indirectly linked with HIV disease management through it's association with poor psychosocial function, however greater patient assertiveness buffers the negative impact of AL on relationship quality with healthcare providers and members of one's social support network. PMID:26143246

  8. Attachment, Sexual Assertiveness, and Sexual Outcomes in Women with Provoked Vestibulodynia and Their Partners: A Mediation Model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leclerc, Bianca; Bergeron, Sophie; Brassard, Audrey; Bélanger, Claude; Steben, Marc; Lambert, Bernard

    2015-08-01

    Provoked vestibulodynia (PVD) is a prevalent women's sexual pain disorder, which is associated with sexual function difficulties. Attachment theory has been used to understand adult sexual outcomes, providing a useful framework for examining sexual adaptation in couples confronted with PVD. Research to date indicates that anxious and avoidant attachment dimensions correlate with worse sexual outcomes in community and clinical samples. The present study examined the association between attachment, pain, sexual function, and sexual satisfaction in a sample of 101 couples in which the women presented with PVD. The actor-partner interdependence model was used in order to investigate both actor and partner effects. This study also examined the role of sexual assertiveness as a mediator of these associations via structural equation modeling. Women completed measures of pain intensity and both members of the couple completed measures of romantic attachment, sexual assertiveness, sexual function, and satisfaction. Results indicated that attachment dimensions did not predict pain intensity. Both anxious and avoidant attachment were associated with lower sexual satisfaction. Only attachment avoidance predicted lower sexual function in women. Partner effects indicated that higher sexual assertiveness in women predicted higher sexual satisfaction in men. Finally, women's sexual assertiveness was found to be a significant mediator of the relationship between their attachment dimensions, sexual function, and satisfaction. Findings highlight the importance of examining how anxious and avoidant attachment may lead to difficulties in sexual assertiveness and to less satisfying sexual interactions in couples where women suffer from PVD. PMID:24777439

  9. Evaluating the effect of self-awareness and communication techniques on nurses' assertiveness and self-esteem.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Unal, Sati

    2012-12-01

    The effect of a course on self-awareness and communication techniques on nursing students' assertiveness and self-esteem was examined. The Rathus Assertiveness Schedule and Coopersmith Self-Esteem Inventory were used to measure assertiveness and self-esteem in second-year students in an undergraduate nursing school. Seventy-nine students completed the course. The study was designed as a pre-test and post-test study. A significant difference between assertiveness and self-esteem scores of students in pre-test and post-test measurements was found. There was a positive relationship between assertiveness and self-esteem. The course lasted 14 weeks for a total of 3 h per week. The teaching methods focused mostly on active student participation, demonstration, role play, experience and experience sharing, homework, constructive feedback, and watching films. These educational approaches should be evaluated in future studies and adopted in the curriculum. This study provides a basis for the development of learner-centred teaching methods. PMID:23343237

  10. Lamb Buddha’s Migrant Workers: Self-Assertion on China’s Urban Fringe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael Brian Griffiths

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents an analysis of the everyday practices of individuality among the migrant workers with whom I worked at “Lamb Buddha”, a hotpot restaurant in Anshan City, Liaoning Province, during the summer of 2007. The majority of the data comes from four young men, meaning that the analysis complements extant studies of Chinese female migrant workers by allowing male-gendered inflections of discourse prominence. The paper examines the internal structure of “symbolic boundaries” drawn and managed in judgements, positioning statements, and so forth, attempting to regress the modalities by which these migrants assert themselves, thus showing how individuality arises from a discursive environment structured by relation to similar peers and distinctly different others.

  11. Costs and outcome of assertive community treatment (ACT) in a rural area in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hastrup, Lene Halling; Aagaard, Jørgen

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: Health economic evidence of assertive community treatment (ACT) in Denmark is limited. The aim of the study was to assess the costs and outcome of ACT among 174 patients with severe and persistent mental illness in a rural area of Denmark. Methods: The study was based on a quasi......-experimental design with a control group from the neighbouring region. Costs and retention in mental health services were analysed by using register data 1 year before and 4 years after inclusion in the study. Data on the use of supportive housing were available for the year before baseline and the subsequent 2 years...... only. Results: Seventy eight percent of the patients receiving ACT were in contact with psychiatric services at the 4-year follow-up, while 69% of the patients in the control group had contact with psychiatric services (P Days in supportive housing were lower for the ACT group before baseline...

  12. An analysis of the lateral void transfer mechanisms in the ASSERT subchannel code

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The current aim of this research is to conduct the verification of the hydraulic aspect of subchannel codes. The experiments were conducted on two laterally interconnected horizontal bundle type subchannels under adiabatic two-phase flow conditions. The two phase flow was a mixture of air and water initially having a different void fraction in each subchannel. The main parameters measured in the channels were: void fraction; liquid and gas mass flow rates; and, pressures. Since, in horizontal two-phase flow the mass exchanges between interconnected subchannels are greatly influenced by the relative position of the high void channel (denoted LV) with respect to the low void channel (denoted LV), the former channel has been rotated to different positions about the latter one. The experimental results are compared with the predictions of the ASSERT-4 (Version 1.5) subchannel code to ascertain how well they can be predicted. (8 refs., 8 figs.)

  13. Using Assertion Capabilities of an OWL-Based Ontology for Query Formulation

    CERN Document Server

    Munir, Kamran; Bloodsworth, Peter; McClatchey, Richard

    2008-01-01

    This paper reports on the development of a framework to assist users in formulating relational queries without requiring a complete knowledge of the information structure and access mechanisms to underlying data sources. The emphasis here is on exploiting the semantic relationships and assertion capabilities of OWL ontologies to assist clinicians in writing complex queries. This has been achieved using both a bottom-up and top-down approaches to build an ontology model to be the repository for complex end user queries. Relational database schemas are mapped into the newly generated ontology schema to reinforce the current domain ontology being developed. One of the key merits of this approach is that it does not require storing data interpretation, with the added advantage of even not storing database instances as part of the domain ontology, especially for systems with huge volume of data.

  14. Ontology Assisted Query Reformulation Using Semantic and Assertion Capabilities of OWL-DL Ontologies

    CERN Document Server

    Munir, Kamran; McClatchey, Richard

    2008-01-01

    End users of recent biomedical information systems are often unaware of the storage structure and access mechanisms of the underlying data sources and can require simplified mechanisms for writing domain specific complex queries. This research aims to assist users and their applications in formulating queries without requiring complete knowledge of the information structure of underlying data sources. To achieve this, query reformulation techniques and algorithms have been developed that can interpret ontology-based search criteria and associated domain knowledge in order to reformulate a relational query. These query reformulation algorithms exploit the semantic relationships and assertion capabilities of OWL-DL based domain ontologies for query reformulation. In this paper, this approach is applied to the integrated database schema of the EU funded Health-e-Child (HeC) project with the aim of providing ontology assisted query reformulation techniques to simplify the global access that is needed to millions ...

  15. The effect of five years versus two years of specialised assertive intervention for first episode psychosis - OPUS II

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Melau, Marianne; Jeppesen, Pia; Thorup, Anne;

    2011-01-01

    . Based on our sample size estimation, 400 patients treated in OPUS for two years will be randomized to further three years of OPUS treatment versus standard treatment. The specialized assertive OPUS treatment consists of three core elements: assertive community treatment, psycho-educational family...... treatment, and social skills training. Discussion It has been hypothesized that there is a critical period from onset up to five years, which represents a window of opportunity where a long-term course can be influenced. Extending the specialized assertive OPUS treatment up to five years may allow...... the beneficial effects to continue beyond the high-risk period, through consolidation of improved social and functional outcome. Trial registration Clinical Trial.gov NCT00914238...

  16. 基于断言的WISHBONE到AHB转换桥验证%Assertion-Based Verification to WISHBONE to AHB Bridge

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张挺; 陈岚; 冯燕

    2012-01-01

    随着集成电路设计复杂程度的不断提高,功能验证越来越受到重视.一种新兴的验证方法,基于断言的验证,得到越来越广泛的应用.介绍了基于断言的验证方法,及其在WISHBONE到AHB转换接口验证中的应用,总结了断言验证在功能验证中的优势和特点.%With the complexity of IC design increasing, functional verification is becoming more and more important.A novel verification method, assertion-based verification,is widely used currently. This paper introduces assertion- based verification and its application in WISHBONE to AHB bridge verification, then summarizes the advantage of assertion in functional verification.

  17. Investigation of coolant thermal mixing within 28-element CANDU fuel bundles using the ASSERT-PV thermal hydraulics code

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper presents the results of a study of the thermal mixing of single-phase coolant in 28-element CANDU fuel bundles under steady-state conditions. The study, which is based on simulations performed using the ASSERT-PV thermal hydraulic code, consists of two main parts. In the first part the various physical mechanisms that contribute to coolant mixing are identified and their impact is isolated via ASSERT-PV simulations. The second part is concerned with development of a preliminary model suitable for use in the fuel and fuel channel code FACTAR to predict the thermal mixing that occurs between flow annuli. (author)

  18. Synthèse de moniteurs asynchrones à partir d'assertions temporelles pour la surveillance robuste de circuits synchrones

    OpenAIRE

    Porcher, Alexandre

    2012-01-01

    With the advent of complex integrated systems, the assertion based verification(ABV) has emerged as a solution for the semi-formal circuits verification. The ABV is used to validate that a circuit satisfies a property(or assertion). Previous work has shown that it is possible to synthesize these properties in the form of hardware monitors. These can then be embeddded permanantly on a circuit so that they provide monitoring task. With a goal of security and surveillance, the use of such monito...

  19. Drug assertiveness and sexual risk-taking behavior in a sample of HIV-positive, methamphetamine-using men who have sex with men

    OpenAIRE

    Semple, Shirley J.; Strathdee, Steffanie A; Zians, Jim; McQuaid, John R.; PATTERSON, THOMAS L.

    2011-01-01

    Drug assertiveness skills have been demonstrated effective in reducing substance use behaviors among patients with alcohol- or heroin-use disorders. This study examined the association between drug assertiveness and methamphetamine use, psychological factors, and sexual risk behaviors in a sample of 250 HIV-positive men who have sex with men (MSM) enrolled in a safer sex intervention in San Diego, CA. Less assertiveness in turning down drugs was associated with greater frequency and larger am...

  20. Validation of the ASSERT subchannel code: Prediction of critical heat flux in standard and nonstandard CANDU bundle geometries

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The ASSERT code has been developed to address the three-dimensional computation of flow and phase distribution and fuel element surface temperatures within the horizontal subchannels of Canada uranium deuterium (CANDU) pressurized heavy water reactor fuel channels and to provide a detailed prediction of critical heat flux (CHF) distribution throughout the bundle. The ASSERT subchannel code has been validated extensively against a wide repertoire of experiments; its combination of three-dimensional prediction of local flow conditions with a comprehensive method of predicting CHF at these local conditions makes it a unique tool for predicting CHF for situations outside the existing experimental database. In particular, ASSERT is an appropriate tool to systematically investigate CHF under conditions of local geometric variations, such as pressure tube creep and fuel element strain. The numerical methodology used in ASSERT, the constitutive relationships incorporated, and the CHF assessment methodology are discussed. The evolutionary validation plan is also discussed and early validation exercises are summarized. More recent validation exercises in standard and nonstandard geometries are emphasized

  1. Simulation of the distribution of flow and phases in vertical and horizontal bundles using the ASSERT-4 subchannel code

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    ASSERT-4 is a subchannel code based on the non-equilibrium equations of two-fluid flow. The paper briefly describes the equations and constitutive models used in the code, and reviews a number of validation exercises in which code results were compared to measurements in vertical and horizontal two-phase flows. (orig.)

  2. A numerical study of the influence of the void drift model on the predictions of the assert subchannel code

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    One of the factors which is important in order to ensure the continued safe operation of nuclear reactors is the ability to accurately predict the 'Critical Heat Flux' (CHF) throughout the rod bundles in the fuel channel. One method currently used by the Canadian nuclear industry to predict the CHF in the fuel bundles of CANDU reactors is to use the ASSERT subchannel code to predict the local thermal-hydraulic conditions prevailing at each axial location in each subchannel in conjunction with appropriate correlations or the CHF look-up table. The successful application of the above methods depends greatly on the ability of ASSERT to accurately predict the local flow conditions throughout the fuel channel. In this paper, full range qualitative verification tests, using the ASSERT subchannel code are presented which show the influence of the void drift model on the predictions of the local subchannel quality. For typical cases using a 7 rod subset of a full 37 element rod bundle taken from the ASSERT validation database, it will be shown that the void drift term can significantly influence the calculated distribution of the quality in the rod bundle. In order to isolate, as much as possible, the influence of the void drift term this first numerical study is carried out with the rod bundle oriented both vertically and horizontally. Subsequently, additional numerical experiments will be presented which show the influence that the void drift model has on the predicted CHF locations. (author)

  3. Validation of the assert subchannel code: Prediction of CHF in standard and non-standard Candu bundle geometries

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The ASSERT code has been developed to address the three-dimensional computation of flow and phase distribution and fuel element surface temperatures within the horizontal subchannels of CANDU PHWR fuel channels, and to provide a detailed prediction of critical heat flux (CHF) distribution throughout the bundle. The ASSERT subchannel code has been validated extensively against a wide repertoire of experiments; its combination of three-dimensional prediction of local flow conditions with a comprehensive method of prediting CHF at these local conditions, makes it a unique tool for predicting CHF for situations outside the existing experimental data base. In particular, ASSERT is an appropriate tool to systematically investigate CHF under conditions of local geometric variations, such as pressure tube creep and fuel element strain. This paper discusses the numerical methodology used in ASSERT, the constitutive relationships incorporated, and the CHF assessment methodology. The evolutionary validation plan is discussed, and early validation exercises are summarized. The paper concentrates, however, on more recent validation exercises in standard and non-standard geometries

  4. Validation of the ASSERT subchannel code for prediction of CHF in standard and non-standard CANDU bundle geometries

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The ASSERT code has been developed to address the three-dimensional computation of flow and phase distribution and fuel element surface temperatures within the horizontal subchannels of CANDU PHWR fuel channels, and to provide a detailed prediction of critical heat flux distribution throughout the bundle. The ASSERT subchannel code has been validated extensively against a wide repertoire of experiments; its combination of three-dimensional prediction of local flow conditions with a comprehensive method of predicting critical heat flux (CHF) at these local conditions makes it a unique tool for predicting CHF for situations outside the existing experimental data base. In particular, ASSERT is the only tool available to systematically investigate CHF under conditions of local geometric variations, such as pressure tube creep and fuel element strain. This paper discusses the numerical methodology used in ASSERT, the constitutive relationships incorporated, and the CHF assessment methodology. The evolutionary validation plan is discussed, and early validation exercises are summarized. The paper concentrates, however, on more recent validation exercises in standard and non-standard geometries. 28 refs., 12 figs

  5. 22 CFR 40.25 - Certain aliens involved in serious criminal activity who have asserted immunity from prosecution...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Certain aliens involved in serious criminal activity who have asserted immunity from prosecution. 40.25 Section 40.25 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE VISAS REGULATIONS PERTAINING TO BOTH NONIMMIGRANTS AND IMMIGRANTS UNDER THE IMMIGRATION AND NATIONALITY ACT, AS AMENDED Criminal and...

  6. Run-Time Assertion Checking of Data- and Protocol-Oriented Properties of Java Programs: An Industrial Case Study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gouw, C.P.T. de; Boer, F.S. de; Johnsen, E.B.; Kohn, A.; Wong, P.Y.H.

    2014-01-01

    Run-time assertion checking is one of the useful techniques for detecting faults, and can be applied during any program execution context, including debugging, testing, and production. In general, however, it is limited to checking state-based properties. We introduce SAGA, a general framework that

  7. Targeting Interventions: Moderators of the Effects of Expressive Writing and Assertiveness Training on the Adjustment of International University Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hijazi, Alaa M.; Tavakoli, Shedeh; Slavin-Spenny, Olga M.; Lumley, Mark A.

    2011-01-01

    Acculturative stress is a common experience for international students and is associated with psychological and physical problems. In a previous study (Tavakoli "et al. Journal of Counseling Psychology 56":590-596, "2009"), the authors reported that two stress reduction interventions--expressive writing (EW) and assertiveness training (AT)--had…

  8. Self-Consciousness and Assertiveness as Explanatory Variables of L2 Oral Ability: A Latent Variable Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ockey, Gary

    2011-01-01

    Drawing on current theories in personality, second-language (L2) oral ability, and psychometrics, this study investigates the extent to which self-consciousness and assertiveness are explanatory variables of L2 oral ability. Three hundred sixty first-year Japanese university students who were studying English as a foreign language participated in…

  9. An Exploratory Study of Assertive Community Treatment for People with Intellectual Disability and Psychiatric Disorders: Conceptual, Clinical, and Service Issues

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, G.; Costello, H.; Leese, M.; Slade, M.; Bouras, N.; Higgins, S.; Holt, G.

    2005-01-01

    Assertive community treatment (ACT) has been applied to a number of disorders in the adult population, such as schizophrenia, with some degree of success; its use in the treatment of people with intellectual disability (ID) and mental illness has received little attention. Despite the high costs of ID in health and social care, there has been very…

  10. The representatives of the various intersubchannel transfer mechanisms and their effects on the predictions of the ASSERT-4 subchannel code

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this paper, effects of that the constitutive relations used to represent some of the intersubchannel transfer mechanisms have on the predictions of the ASSERT-4 subchannel code for horizontal flows are examined. In particular the choices made in the representation of the gravity driven phase separation phenomena, which is unique to the horizontal fuel channel arrangement seen in CANDU reactors, are analyzed. This is done by comparing the predictions of the ASSERT-4 subchannel code with experimental data on void fraction, mass flow rate, and pressure drop obtained for two horizontal interconnected subchannels. ASSERT-4, the subchannel code used by the Canadian nuclear industry, uses an advanced drift flux model which permits departure from both thermal and mechanical equilibrium between the phases to be accurately modeled. In particular ASSERT-4 contains models for the buoyancy effects which cause phase separation between adjacent subchannels in horizontal flows. This feature, which is of great importance in the subchannel analysis of CANDU reactors, is implemented in the constitutive relationship for the relative velocity required by the conservation equations. In order to, as much as is physically possible, isolate different inter-subchannel transfer mechanisms, three different subchannel orientations are analyzed. These are: the two subchannels at the same elevation, the high void subchannel below the low void subchannel, and the high void subchannel above the low void subchannel. It is observed that for all three subchannel orientations ASSERT-4 does a reasonably good job of predicting the experimental trends. However, certain modifications to the representation of the gravitational phase separation effects which seem to improve the overall predictions are suggested. (author). 12 refs., 12 figs

  11. Patient experiences of autonomy and coercion while receiving legal leverage in forensic assertive community treatment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lamberti, J Steven; Russ, Ann; Cerulli, Catherine; Weisman, Robert L; Jacobowitz, David; Williams, Geoffrey C

    2014-01-01

    Legal leverage is broadly defined as the use of legal authority to promote treatment adherence. It is widely utilized within mental health courts, drug courts, mandated outpatient treatment programs, and other intervention strategies for individuals with mental illness or chemical dependency who have contact with the criminal justice system. Nonetheless, the ethics of using legal authority to promote treatment adherence remains a hotly debated issue within public and professional circles alike. While critics characterize legal leverage as a coercive form of social control that undermines personal autonomy, advocates contend that it supports autonomy because treatment strategies using legal leverage are designed to promote health and independence. Despite the controversy, there is little evidence regarding the impact of legal leverage on patient autonomy as experienced and expressed by patients themselves. This report presents findings from a qualitative study involving six focus groups with severely mentally ill outpatients who received legal leverage through three forensic assertive community treatment (FACT) programs in Northeastern, Midwestern, and West Coast cities. Findings are discussed in the context of the self-determination theory of human motivation, and practical implications for the use of legal leverage are considered. PMID:24914490

  12. Self-Assertion in the Public Sphere: The Jewish Press on the Eve of Legal Emancipation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dieter J. Hecht

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Jews like Adolf Fischhof and Ludwig August Frankl were prominent participants in the revolution of 1848. Their speeches, poems, and portraits circulated in Vienna and throughout the Empire. With the suppression of the revolution, most of these prominent Jews had to either leave Vienna or retreat to the private sphere. Only in the late 1850s did Jews regain their public presence, starting with the opening of the Leopoldstaedter Tempel in 1858 and the building of the Ringstrasse from 1860 onwards. Many Jews hoped that the new liberal era would grant them civil rights and legal emancipation. Jewish intellectuals and journalists supported this struggle from within and outside the growing Jewish community. An important weapon in their struggle were Jewish newspapers. These newspapers not only provided information, but also served as mouthpieces for different Jewish movements. They featured biographies with portraits (in words and images of distinguished Jewish leaders (mostly men and a few women, which were supposed to present the social achievements of a certain group within Jewish society to a broader audience. In fact, these portraits served as a form of self-assertion for the publisher as well as for the audience. It projected the message that Jews not only merited emancipation, but also struggled for it on various levels. The paper therefore addresses questions of biography and the (Jewish identity these portraits at once reflected and shaped.

  13. Adaptation and Validation of the Sexual Assertiveness Scale (SAS) in a Sample of Male Drug Users.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vallejo-Medina, Pablo; Sierra, Juan Carlos

    2015-01-01

    The aim of the present study was to adapt and validate the Sexual Assertiveness Scale (SAS) in a sample of male drug users. A sample of 326 male drug users and 322 non-clinical males was selected by cluster sampling and convenience sampling, respectively. Results showed that the scale had good psychometric properties and adequate internal consistency reliability (Initiation = .66, Refusal = .74 and STD-P = .79). An evaluation of the invariance showed strong factor equivalence between both samples. A high and moderate effect of Differential Item Functioning was only found in items 1 and 14 (∆R 2 Nagelkerke = .076 and .037, respectively). We strongly recommend not using item 1 if the goal is to compare the scores of both groups, otherwise the comparison will be biased. Correlations obtained between the CSFQ-14 and the safe sex ratio and the SAS subscales were significant (CI = 95%) and indicated good concurrent validity. Scores of male drug users were similar to those of non-clinical males. Therefore, the adaptation of the SAS to drug users provides enough guarantees for reliable and valid use in both clinical practice and research, although care should be taken with item 1. PMID:25896498

  14. Relationship satisfaction in women : A longitudinal case-control study about the role of breast cancer, personal assertiveness, and partners' relationship-focused coping

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hinnen, Chris; Hagedoorn, Mariet; Ranchor, Adelita V.; Sanderman, Robbert

    2008-01-01

    Objective. The aim of this study was to investigate whether a breast cancer diagnosis, personal assertiveness (i.e. frequency of assertive behaviour and tension associated with this behaviour), and partners' relationship-focused coping (i.e. active engagement and protective buffering) were sources o

  15. 一种基于断言的高效验证实现方法%An Implementation Method of Efficient Verification Based-on Assertion

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李森森; 张立朝; 徐金甫

    2014-01-01

    This paper proposes a method combining design error types with assertion classification .This method is based on common RTL errors to guide the assertion selection in different classification aiming to enhance the pertinence and purpose of inserting assertion . Furthermore , this paper also proposes the hierarchical assertion design method splitting the complex assertion design into multiple hierarchical steps to decrease the difficulty of assertion design and to reduce the errors of assertion codes .Verification examples show that the proposed methods can achieve efficient assertion insertion and improve the efficiency of function verification significantly .%提出了设计错误类型和断言分类相结合的方法,依据常见的RT L设计错误指导断言的分类选取,从而提高断言插入的针对性和目的性。同时,提出了断言层次化设计方法,将复杂的断言设计拆分成为多个层次化的步骤,以降低断言设计难度,减少断言代码自身错误。通过验证实例,证明了所提方法能够实现断言的高效嵌入,进而明显提升功能验证的效率。

  16. "You Don't Have to Like Me, but You Have to Respect Me": The Impacts of Assertiveness, Cooperativeness, and Group Satisfaction in Collaborative Assignments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lambertz-Berndt, Megan M.; Blight, Michael G.

    2016-01-01

    This study investigates cooperativeness, assertiveness, group satisfaction, leader grade, and leadership negotiation in a collaborative assignment conducted in a small group. Researchers manipulated the assignment of team members who reported on measures of group satisfaction and original scales of assertiveness and cooperativeness. Respondents…

  17. Sequence Learning Under Uncertainty in Children: Self-reflection vs. Self-Assertion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christiane eLange-Küttner

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available We know that stochastic feedback impairs children’s associative stimulus-response (S-R learning (Crone, Jennigs, & Van der Molen, 2004a; Eppinger, Mock, & Kray, 2009, but the impact of stochastic feedback on sequence learning that involves deductive reasoning has not been not tested so far. In the current study, 8- to 11-year-old children (N = 171 learned a sequence of four left and right button presses, LLRR, RRLL, LRLR, RLRL, LRRL and RLLR, that needed to be deduced from feedback because no directional cues were given. One group of children experienced consistent feedback only (deterministic feedback, 100% correct. In this condition, green feedback on the screen indicated that the children had been right when they were right, and red feedback indicated that the children had been wrong when they were wrong. Another group of children experienced inconsistent feedback (stochastic feedback, 85% correct, 15% false, where in some trials, green feedback on the screen could signal that children were right when in fact they were wrong, and red feedback could indicate that they were wrong when in fact they had been right. Independently of age, children’s sequence learning in the stochastic condition was initially much lower than in the deterministic condition, but increased gradually and improved with practice. Responses towards positive vs. negative feedback varied with age. Children were increasingly able to understand that they could have been wrong when feedback indicated they were right (self-reflection, but they remained unable to understand that they could have been right when feedback indicated they were wrong (self-assertion.

  18. 如何在先进工艺节点利用Virtuoso Check/Assertion Flow%How to use Virtuoso Check/Assertion Flow in advanced node IC design

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王超; 刘欢艳

    2016-01-01

    Virtuoso和MMSIM有效结合,完整的Check/Assertion flow包含:在图形界面设置Check/Assert,通过仿真得到Check/Assert的结果,在图形界面直接显示Check/Assert的结果,对结果进行各种灵活的后处理,并在schematic直接进行反标.该流程可以覆盖电路设计常用check需求,完全不依赖脚本,图形界面让工程师更容易上手,基于瞬态仿真的Dynamic Check相比其他工具更具优势.有效利用Check/Assert flow,可以帮助避免或及早发现设计中的一些常见问题,从而减少设计迭代,该流程在TSMC 16 nm和Intel 14 nm实际项目上得到应用,很大程度地提高了设计效率.

  19. A meta-analytic review of gender variations in adults' language use: talkativeness, affiliative speech, and assertive speech.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leaper, Campbell; Ayres, Melanie M

    2007-11-01

    Three separate sets of meta-analyses were conducted of studies testing for gender differences in adults' talkativeness, affiliative speech, and assertive speech. Across independent samples, statistically significant but negligible average effects sizes were obtained with all three language constructs: Contrary to the prediction, men were more talkative (d = -.14) than were women. As expected, men used more assertive speech (d = .09), whereas women used more affiliative speech (d = .12). In addition, 17 moderator variables were tested that included aspects of the interactive context (e.g., familiarity, gender composition, activity), measurement qualities (e.g., operational definition, observation length), and publication characteristics (e.g., author gender, publication source). Depending on particular moderators, more meaningful effect sizes (d > .2) occurred for each language construct. In addition, the direction of some gender differences was significantly reversed under particular conditions. The results are interpreted in relation to social-constructionist, socialization, and biological interpretations of gender-related variations in social behavior. PMID:18453467

  20. Chinese Maritime Assertiveness towards the East and South China Sea Disputes – A question of Regional Security Dynamics

    OpenAIRE

    Nilsen, Aurora Eck; Gill, Tina Sundree Lauge

    2013-01-01

    This report seeks to update the analysis conducted by Barry Buzan and Ole Wæver of the East Asian Regional Security Complex (RSC) in 2003. It argues for the relevance of doing so based in an observation of increased Chinese assertiveness in relation to its disputed territorial and maritime claims in the East and South China Sea disputes, especially evident within the timeframe dating from 2012 to the spring of 2013. Combining this observation with the expectations of Buzan ...

  1. The Effectiveness of Assertiveness Training on the Levels of Stress, Anxiety, and Depression of High School Students

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    Background: Adolescence is a transition period from childhood to early adulthood. Because of the immense pressure imposed on adolescents due to the complications and ambiguities of this transition, their level of excitement increases and sometimes it appears in the form of sensitivity and intense excitement. Objectives: This study aimed at determining the effectiveness of assertiveness training on the levels of stress, anxiety, and depression of high school students. Materials and Methods: Th...

  2. Targeting Interventions: Moderators of the Effects of Expressive Writing and Assertiveness Training on the Adjustment of International University Students

    OpenAIRE

    Hijazi, Alaa M.; Tavakoli, Shedeh; Slavin-Spenny, Olga M.; Lumley, Mark A.

    2011-01-01

    Acculturative stress is a common experience for international students and is associated with psychological and physical problems. In a previous study, the authors reported that two stress reduction interventions—expressive writing (EW) and assertiveness training (AT)—had limited overall benefits among international students at an American University. The current analyses of data from that study investigated whether individual differences moderated the effects of EW and AT. Results indicate t...

  3. FEMALE = SUBMISSIVE and MALE = ASSERTIVE Sexuality-priming leads to gender-based self-perception and automatic behavior

    OpenAIRE

    Hundhammer, Tanja

    2008-01-01

    Sexuality is a domain in which gender stereotypes thrive. A cultural standard for the sexual experience and expression of women and men prescribes different gender roles in sexuality. Women�s sexual role is submissive and tender, men�s assertive and dominant. These sexual roles reflect the stereotypical view of women as more communal and men as more agentic. If gender stereotypes and sexual roles are activated by sexuality cues, this may have consequences for subsequent thought and behavior. ...

  4. The Investigation of relation between elementary school second grade students’ self-esteem, different skills and assertiveness levels

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hakan Sarıçam

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to examine the relation among the self esteem, different abilility levels and assertiveness levels of second grade primary education. An investigation has been done on over 180 students, chosen randomly, from the primary education schools of Erzurum MEB in accordance with the purpose of this study. Information Form, Rosenberg Self-Esteem Inventory, Basic Aptitude Test 6-8 and Rathus Assertiveness Inventory were used. SPSS 15.0/WINDOWS programme was used for data analysis. ‘t test’ was used for determine the difference among the groups and ‘Pearson Moment Correlation Analysis’ was used for determine correlation among variables. In this study different abilities were examined in the subhead of Language ability, The Ability of Reasoning, Numerical Ability, and General Ability. It was found in this study that there is a meaningful relation between Sef-Esttem and Language ability, The Ability of Reasoning, Numerical Ability, General Ability, Assertiveness. In the view of the preceding findings, and in the scope of academic success this study is discussed and leads other investigations and applications.

  5. Predictions of Critical Heat Flux Using the ASSERT-PV Subchannel Code for a CANFLEX Variant Bundle

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The ASSERT-PV subchannel code developed by AECL has been applied as a design-assist tool to the advanced CANDU1 reactor fuel bundle. Based primarily on the CANFLEX2 fuel bundle, several geometry changes (such as element sizes and pitchcircle diameters of various element rings) were examined to optimize the dryout power and pressure-drop performances of the new fuel bundle. An experiment was performed to obtain dryout power measurements for verification of the ASSERT-PV code predictions. It was carried out using an electrically heated, Refrigerant-134a cooled, fuel bundle string simulator. The axial power profile of the simulator was uniform, while the radial power profile of the element rings was varied simulating profiles in bundles with various fuel compositions and burn-ups. Dryout power measurements are predicted closely using the ASSERT-PV code, particularly at low flows and low pressures, but are overpredicted at high flows and high pressures. The majority of data shows that dryout powers are underpredicted at low inlet-fluid temperatures but overpredicted at high inlet-fluid temperatures

  6. Improving the Physical Health Monitoring of City & Hackney Assertive Outreach Service Patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akyuz, Elvan; Jain, Amit; Phelan, Declan; Gupta, Susham

    2016-01-01

    Improving physical healthcare to reduce premature mortality in people with SMI (Serious Mental Illness) is a priority for ELFT (East London NHS Foundation Trust) and NHS England. It is well know that people with schizophrenia have a life expectancy which is approximately 20% shorter than that of the general population and a substantial mortality difference exists between people with schizophrenia and the general community.[1-2] Among other risk factors, such as poor diet, physical inactivity, and high rates of smoking, the iatrogenic effects of anti-psychotic medications have been found to increase the risk of metabolic syndrome. This can easily be detected through regular monitoring. Through this project, it was our aim to improve the physical health monitoring of City & Hackney Assertive Outreach Service (AOS) patients with a view to decrease mortality rate, increase life expectancy, increase the quality of life, and reduce harm from medication. This was done using quality improvement methods, including several change ideas, each of which started sequentially over the course of a nine month period from November 2014. Following QI methodology, this utilised cycles of iterative learning using PDSA methods and was supported by the Trust's extensive programme of quality improvement, including training provided by the Institute for Healthcare Improvement. The project involved setting a specific aim which was improving the physical health monitoring of AOS patients to 80% by July 2015 and for our patients to have physical health checks (blood tests, weight, ECG, BP) as a minimum annually. From baseline measurements of between 50-75%, we reached our target of 80% for weight, BP and blood tests monitoring, with 89%, 91%, and 84% achieved respectively by July 2015. Further progress still needs to be made on ECGs, with 77% achieved by July 2015, although the monitoring of ECG nearly doubled from 39% in November 2014 to 77% in July 2015. This project demonstrated that

  7. Improving the Physical Health Monitoring of City & Hackney Assertive Outreach Service Patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akyuz, Elvan; Jain, Amit; Phelan, Declan; Gupta, Susham

    2016-01-01

    Improving physical healthcare to reduce premature mortality in people with SMI (Serious Mental Illness) is a priority for ELFT (East London NHS Foundation Trust) and NHS England. It is well know that people with schizophrenia have a life expectancy which is approximately 20% shorter than that of the general population and a substantial mortality difference exists between people with schizophrenia and the general community.[1-2] Among other risk factors, such as poor diet, physical inactivity, and high rates of smoking, the iatrogenic effects of anti-psychotic medications have been found to increase the risk of metabolic syndrome. This can easily be detected through regular monitoring. Through this project, it was our aim to improve the physical health monitoring of City & Hackney Assertive Outreach Service (AOS) patients with a view to decrease mortality rate, increase life expectancy, increase the quality of life, and reduce harm from medication. This was done using quality improvement methods, including several change ideas, each of which started sequentially over the course of a nine month period from November 2014. Following QI methodology, this utilised cycles of iterative learning using PDSA methods and was supported by the Trust's extensive programme of quality improvement, including training provided by the Institute for Healthcare Improvement. The project involved setting a specific aim which was improving the physical health monitoring of AOS patients to 80% by July 2015 and for our patients to have physical health checks (blood tests, weight, ECG, BP) as a minimum annually. From baseline measurements of between 50-75%, we reached our target of 80% for weight, BP and blood tests monitoring, with 89%, 91%, and 84% achieved respectively by July 2015. Further progress still needs to be made on ECGs, with 77% achieved by July 2015, although the monitoring of ECG nearly doubled from 39% in November 2014 to 77% in July 2015. This project demonstrated that

  8. The Effectiveness of Social Skills Training by Cognitive-Behavioral Group in the Increase of Girls’ Self-Esteem and Assertiveness with Addicted Parents

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maryam Esmaeili

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Objective: The aim of the study was the survey of social skills training by cognitive behavioral group in the increase of girls’ self-esteem and assertiveness with addicted parents in Isfahan. Method: 20 students with addicted parents who had the lowest rate of assertiveness were selected by semi-experimental method in third to fifth grades. Randomly research projects pre-test-post-test control group. Questionnaire to measure assertiveness and assertiveness Gmbryl and Richie Esteem Questionnaire to measure students' self-esteem was used. After the pre-test training program assertiveness over 10 weeks, each week, one session, lasting from one hour and half and at the end of the test was performed after 40 days in both groups re-testing were results using software spss case were analyzed by descriptive statistical methods and two-factor analysis of variance with repeated measures on one factor was used. Results: The results showed that participants in the program and self-assertiveness therapy increased. These results were confirmed in a follow up phase. Conclusion: the training of social skills speeds up assertiveness and self-esteem of students.

  9. The Effectiveness of Assertiveness Training on the Levels of Stress, Anxiety, and Depression of High School Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eslami, Ahmad Ali; Rabiei, Leili; Afzali, Seyed Mohammad; Hamidizadeh, Saeed; Masoudi, Reza

    2016-01-01

    Background: Adolescence is a transition period from childhood to early adulthood. Because of the immense pressure imposed on adolescents due to the complications and ambiguities of this transition, their level of excitement increases and sometimes it appears in the form of sensitivity and intense excitement. Objectives: This study aimed at determining the effectiveness of assertiveness training on the levels of stress, anxiety, and depression of high school students. Materials and Methods: This quasi-experimental study was conducted on high school students of Isfahan in academic year 2012 - 13. A total of 126 second grade high school students were collected according to simple random sampling method and divided into two groups: experimental with 63 participants and control with the same number. Data gathering instruments included a demographic questionnaire, Gambill-Richey assertiveness scale, and depression anxiety stress scales (DASS-21). Assertiveness training was carried out on the experimental group in 8 sessions; after 8 weeks, posttest was carried out on both groups. Statistical tests such as independent t test, repeated measures ANOVA, Chi-square test, and the Mann-Whitney test were used to interpret and analyze the data. Results: The Chi-square and Mann-Whitney tests did not show significant statistical differences between the two groups in terms of demographic variables (P ≥ 0.05). Repeated measures ANOVA showed no significant difference between the mean scores for assertiveness before (100.23 ± 7.37), immediately after (101.57 ± 16.06), and 2 months after (100.77 ± 12.50) the intervention in the control group. However, the same test found a significant difference between the mean score for assertiveness in the experimental group before (101.6 ± 9.1), immediately after (96.47 ± 10.84), and 2 months after (95.41 ± 8.37) implementing the training program (P = 0.002). The independent t test showed no significant difference in the mean score for

  10. Propiedades psicom??tricas de la versi??n espa??ola de la Sexual Assertiveness Scale (SAS)

    OpenAIRE

    Sierra Freire, Juan Carlos; Vallejo-Medina, Pablo; Santos-Iglesias, Pablo

    2011-01-01

    La asertividad sexual se refiere a la capacidad de las personas para iniciar la actividad sexual, rechazar la actividad sexual no deseada y emplear m??todos anticonceptivos, desarrollando comportamientos saluda- bles. La Sexual Assertiveness Scale (SAS) es una escala de 18 ??tems que eval??a tres dimensiones: Inicio, Rechazo y Prevenci??n Embarazo-ETS (E-ETS). En este estudio 853 personas contestaron la SAS, junto a una bater??a de ins- trumentos afines. La puntuaci??n media de los ??tems ha ...

  11. Impact of bundle deformation on CHF: ASSERT-PV assessment of extended burnup Bruce B bundle G85159W

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper presents a subchannel thermalhydraulic analysis of the effect on critical heat flux (CHF) of bundle deformation such as element bow and diametral creep. The bundle geometry is based on the post-irradiation examination (PIE) data of a single bundle from the Bruce B Nuclear Generating Station, Bruce B bundle G85159W, which was irradiated for more than two years in the core during reactor commissioning. The subchannel code ASSERT-PV IST is used to assess changes in CHF and dryout power due to bundle deformation, compared to the reference, undeformed bundle. (author)

  12. Effects of Mentoring and Assertiveness Training on Adolescents¡¯ Self-Esteem in Lagos State Secondary Schools

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    The study investigated the effects of Mentoring and Assertiveness Training on Adolescents¡¯ self-esteem in Lagos State secondary schools. A total of 96 adolescents (48males and 48 females) drawn from three public schools randomly selected from three Education Districts in Lagos State constituted the final sample. The dependent variables for this study were self-worth and gender. Descriptive survey and quasi-experimental design using the pre-test post-test control group design were adopted for...

  13. Relaciones interpersonales adecuadas mediante una comunicación y conducta asertivas / Adequate human relationships through an assertive conducts and communication

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Naranjo Pereira, María Luisa

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available Resumen: Este artículo trata sobre la comunicación y la conducta asertivas como habilidades sociales, las cuales pueden ser desarrolladas y, de esta forma, mejorar el desempeño en las relaciones interpersonales. Se presentan diversas concepciones teóricas acerca de la asertividad, entendida básicamente como autoafirmación personal, la capacidad de respetar los derechos propios y los ajenos, y poder expresar de manera apropiada los sentimientos y pensamientos sin producir angustia o agresividad. Se estudian las características principales que definen y distinguen los comportamientos asertivos de aquellos que no lo son. Se analizan algunos de los principales estilos empleados por las personas para enfrentar las distintas situaciones de la vida, entre ellos el agresivo, el manipulador, el pasivo y el asertivo. Asimismo, se analiza la vinculación existente entre las dificultades que muestran algunas personas para comunicarse efectivamente y manifestar una conducta adecuada, y los problemas en la autoimagen y la autoestima de estas. Se comentan diversas creencias, pensamientos, derechos y principios asociados con las conductas asertivas y no asertivas. Finalmente, se hace referencia al campo educativo y la relación entre asertividad y adolescencia.Abstract:This paper deals with the assertive conducts and communication as social skills, so it is possible to develop and improve the performance in human relationships. There are many theoretical conceptions about assertively; it can be understood basically as the ability to express thoughts and feelings keeping the aggression and the anguish out. The main characteristic that defines the assertive and non-assertive behaviors are analyzed.Some of the main styles that the people uses to approach life such as the aggressive, the passive, the manipulative and the assertive, are studied. It also analyzes some of the challenges for the use of assertive conducts and communication and those are related

  14. An investigation of the constitutive relations for intersubchannel transfer mechanisms in horizontal flows as applied in the ASSERT-4 subchannel code

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this paper, the influence that the constitutive relations used to represent some of the intersubchannel transfer mechanisms has on the predictions of the ASSERT-4 subchannel code for horizontal flows is examined. In particular the choices made in the representation of the gravity driven phase separation phenomena are analyzed. This is done by comparing the predictions of the ASSERT subchannel code with experimental data on void fraction and mass flow rate, obtained for two horizontal interconnected subchannels. ASSERT uses a drift flux model which allows the two phases to have different velocities. In particular ASSERT contains models for the buoyancy effects which cause phase separation between adjacent subchannels in horizontal flows. This feature, which is of great importance in the subchannel analysis of CANDU reactors, is implemented in the constitutive relationship for the relative velocity. In order to isolate different intersubchannel transfer mechanisms, three different subchannel orientations are analyzed. These are the two subchannels at the same elevation, the high void subchannel below the low void subchannel, and the high void subchannel above the low void subchannel. It is observed that for all three subchannel orientations ASSERT does a reasonably good job of predicting the experimental trends. However, certain modifications to the representation of the gravitational phase separation effects which seem to improve the overall predictions are suggested. ((orig.))

  15. Mothers' power assertion; children's negative, adversarial orientation; and future behavior problems in low-income families: early maternal responsiveness as a moderator of the developmental cascade.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Sanghag; Kochanska, Grazyna

    2015-02-01

    Parental power assertion, a key dimension of family environment, generally sets in motion detrimental developmental cascades; however, evidence suggests that other qualities of parenting, such as responsiveness, can significantly moderate those processes. Mechanisms that account for such moderating effects are not fully understood. We propose a conceptual model of processes linking parental power assertion, parental responsiveness, children's negative, adversarial, rejecting orientation toward the parent, and behavior problems. We test that model in a short-term longitudinal design involving 186 low-income, ethnically diverse mothers and their toddlers. When children were 30 months, the dyads were observed in multiple, lengthy, naturalistic laboratory interactions to assess behaviorally mothers' responsiveness and their power-assertive control style. At 33 months, we observed behavioral indicators of children's negative, adversarial, rejecting orientation toward the mothers in several naturalistic and standardized paradigms. At 40 months, mothers rated children's behavior problems. The proposed moderated mediation sequence, tested using a new approach, PROCESS (Hayes, 2013), was supported. The indirect effect from maternal power assertion to children's negative, adversarial orientation to future behavior problems was present when mothers' responsiveness was either low or average but absent when mothers were highly responsive. This study elucidates a potential process that may link parental power assertion with behavior problems and highlights how positive aspects of parenting can moderate this process and defuse maladaptive developmental cascades. It also suggests possible targets for parenting intervention and prevention efforts.

  16. Mothers' power assertion; children's negative, adversarial orientation; and future behavior problems in low-income families: early maternal responsiveness as a moderator of the developmental cascade.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Sanghag; Kochanska, Grazyna

    2015-02-01

    Parental power assertion, a key dimension of family environment, generally sets in motion detrimental developmental cascades; however, evidence suggests that other qualities of parenting, such as responsiveness, can significantly moderate those processes. Mechanisms that account for such moderating effects are not fully understood. We propose a conceptual model of processes linking parental power assertion, parental responsiveness, children's negative, adversarial, rejecting orientation toward the parent, and behavior problems. We test that model in a short-term longitudinal design involving 186 low-income, ethnically diverse mothers and their toddlers. When children were 30 months, the dyads were observed in multiple, lengthy, naturalistic laboratory interactions to assess behaviorally mothers' responsiveness and their power-assertive control style. At 33 months, we observed behavioral indicators of children's negative, adversarial, rejecting orientation toward the mothers in several naturalistic and standardized paradigms. At 40 months, mothers rated children's behavior problems. The proposed moderated mediation sequence, tested using a new approach, PROCESS (Hayes, 2013), was supported. The indirect effect from maternal power assertion to children's negative, adversarial orientation to future behavior problems was present when mothers' responsiveness was either low or average but absent when mothers were highly responsive. This study elucidates a potential process that may link parental power assertion with behavior problems and highlights how positive aspects of parenting can moderate this process and defuse maladaptive developmental cascades. It also suggests possible targets for parenting intervention and prevention efforts. PMID:25401483

  17. Targeting Interventions: Moderators of the Effects of Expressive Writing and Assertiveness Training on the Adjustment of International University Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hijazi, Alaa M; Tavakoli, Shedeh; Slavin-Spenny, Olga M; Lumley, Mark A

    2011-06-01

    Acculturative stress is a common experience for international students and is associated with psychological and physical problems. In a previous study, the authors reported that two stress reduction interventions-expressive writing (EW) and assertiveness training (AT)-had limited overall benefits among international students at an American University. The current analyses of data from that study investigated whether individual differences moderated the effects of EW and AT. Results indicate that greater acculturative stress at baseline predicted greater improvement from both interventions, compared with control. Women benefited more from AT than EW, except that EW improved women's physical symptoms. Men benefited more from EW than AT. Students with limited emotional awareness and expression tended to benefit from both interventions, relative to control. Finally, nation of origin cultural differences generally did not predict outcomes. It is concluded that the benefits of EW and AT and can be enhanced by targeting these interventions to specific subgroups of international students. PMID:21660220

  18. Assertion based verification methodology for HDL designs of primary sodium pump speed and eddy current flow measurement systems of PFBR

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    With the growing complexity and size of digital designs, functional verification has become a huge challenge. The validation and testing process accounts for a significant percentage of the overall development effort and cost for electronic systems. Many studies have shown that up to 70% of the design development time and resources are spent on functional verification. Functional errors manifest themselves very early in the design flow, and unless they are detected upfront, they can result in severe consequences - both financially and from a safety viewpoint. This paper covers the various types of verification methodologies and focuses on Assertion Based Verification Methodology for HDL designs, taking as case studies, the Primary Sodium Pump Speed and Eddy Current Flow Measurement Systems of PFBR. (author)

  19. Razlike v asertivnem vedenju med študentkami zdravstvene nege in študentkami drugih fakultet: a comparative study: Differences of assertive behavior among female nursing students and female students of other faculties: primerjalna študija:

    OpenAIRE

    Ličen, Sabina; Plazar, Nadja

    2013-01-01

    Introduction: The aim of the study was to determine whether the nursing students are equally assertive as students of other faculties of the University of Primorska and the European Faculty of Law in Nova Gorica and whether assertiveness among students increases with age. Nursing has been considered to be a typical female profession where nurses function as nurturers, comforters and care providers. The assertive behaviour among nurses was accordingly considered less pronounced than in other p...

  20. The Scale for Interpersonal Behaviour and the Wolpe-Lazarus Assertiveness Scale : a correlational comparison in a non-clinical sample

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Arrindell, W A; Sanderman, R.; Ranchor, A.

    1990-01-01

    Despite an explosive proliferation af assertion measures, a hiatus has been observed by several authors to establish the psychometric adequacy of existing intstruments. In order to expand the construct validity of the Scale for Interpersonal Behaviour (SIB) further, its (sub)scale components of dist

  1. Assessing the Effects of a "Personal Effectiveness" Training on Psychological Capital, Assertiveness and Self-Awareness Using Self-Other Agreement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Demerouti, Evangelia; van Eeuwijk, Erik; Snelder, Margriet; Wild, Ulrike

    2011-01-01

    Purpose: This study seeks to examine the effects of a "personal effectiveness" training on both assertiveness and Psychological Capital (PsyCap) that were monitored before and after the training. Design/methodology/approach: In addition to self-ratings, other-ratings were assembled to explore two ways in which they can contribute to the monitoring…

  2. Application of Assertion Verification for Multi-layer AHB Bus in SoC%SoC中多层AHB总线的断言验证应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋小明; 薛红喜; 刘斌; 李宏

    2011-01-01

    随着SoC设计复杂程度的不断提高,芯片的功能验证面临的挑战越来越大.断言作为一种描述属性的方法,可以快速地验证设计代码是否满足系统要求.基于断言的验证方法学近年来发展极为迅速,应用也越来越广泛.在基于Multi-layer AHB总线架构上的SoC系统验证过程中,采用System Verilog Assertion验证方法,证明SVA是SoC设计过程中功能验证的一种有效的验证方法.%With the continuous increase of SoC design complexity, the functional verification for chips is confronted with the challenge. The assertion as a method of the property description can quickly verify whether a design code meets the system requirements. Assertion-based verification methodology develops rapidly in recent years and its applications are increasingly widespread. The System Verilog Assertion as a verification method is adopted in the SoC system verification based on Multilayer AHB bus architecture. The simulation result proves verifies that System Verilog Assertion is an effective method of the functional verification in SoC design.

  3. On the social-communicative function of justice: the influence of communication goals and personal involvement on the use of justice assertions

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wijn, R.; Bos, K. van den

    2010-01-01

    This article reveals how people strategically use justice assertions when attempting to persuade others. In three studies participants communicated about a negative situation they or someone else had experienced and did so in a persuasive manner (Studies 1-3), an accurate manner (Study 1), by asking

  4. Development of a Medication Monitoring System for an Integrated Multidisciplinary Program of Assertive Community Treatment (IMPACT Team

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicole B. Washington, DO, Assistant Professor

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: The primary goal was to improve medication management oversight for a severely mentally ill (SMI community-based population by developing a medication monitoring system based on current guidelines to optimize pharmacotherapy and minimize potential medication-related adverse effects. The secondary goal was improvement in coordination of care between healthcare providers. Methods: Guidelines for medication used for psychiatric indications were reviewed. A database of medication for psychiatric indications with monitoring recommendation was developed. Results: Medication regimens for 68 members of the Integrated Multidisciplinary Program of Assertive Community Treatment (IMPACT program qualified for review. Fourteen medications, carbamazepine, chlorpromazine, clozapine, fluphenazine and fluphenazine long-acting injections (LAI, haloperidol and haloperidol LAI, lithium, lurasidone, olanzapine, paliperidone and paliperidone LAI, perphenazine, quetiapine, risperidone and risperidone LAI, valproic acid/divalproex, and ziprasidone, were identified. In total, 111 medications are used on a monthly basis. Each member receives more than one medication qualifying for review. Additional monitoring parameters that were evaluated included changes in laboratory orders for members with insulin-dependent diabetes. Annual lipid panels were changed to every 6 months, if applicable. Conclusions and Future Directions: This medication monitoring program was developed to help ensure IMPACT members receive the most effective care and minimize potential medication-related adverse effects. The secondary goal was to improve coordination of care. Medication monitoring will be added as a continuous quality assurance measure. Lab results will be reviewed at least monthly. The medication monitoring program will be evaluated annually.

  5. Evaluation of ASSERT-PV V3R1 void fraction predictions against the OECD/NEA BFBT benchmark data

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The subchannel code ASSERT, developed by Atomic Energy of Canada Limited, is assessed against the steady-state void fraction cases from the OECD/NEA BFBT benchmark. Preliminary void fraction predictions from 84 BWR bundle tests were compared to experimentally reported values, and 45.2% of the simulated data fell within the reported experimental error. Overall, the code was able to predict the void fraction to within ±0.10 of the experimental value about 95% of the time, although calculations of the corner subchannels were not as accurate, falling within ±0.10 of the experimental value only 69.3% of the time. An analysis of four isolated cases suggested that the code over predicts the void fraction in the corner and side channels for cases at low pressure (∼1.0 MPa). A sensitivity analysis on one case demonstrated that the boundary condition uncertainties could affect the void fraction by up to 0.026. Accounting for the boundary condition uncertainties in this case increased the number of subchannel predictions falling within experimental error from 34 to 46. Additionally it was determined that for the case examined the boundary condition uncertainty most significantly affected the central subchannel void fraction prediction. (author)

  6. From Stigma to Assertion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Denne antologi indeholder otte bidrag af antropologer, historikere og religionsforskere til belysning af fortidens "urørlige kaster" og nutidens "dalits" i Indien. Specielt virkningerne af den indiske stats reservationspolitik over for disse grupper behandles. Denne politik har på én gang forbedr...

  7. Assertiveness and health care

    OpenAIRE

    Černelič Bizjak, Maša

    2015-01-01

    Prispevek obravnava konstrukt asertivnosti. Predstavljene so definicije in koncepcije asertivnosti, njene komponente ter merjenje asertivnosti. Povzeti so tudi rezultati raziskav, ki ugotavljajo povezanost z različnimi psihološkimi konstrukti. Posebej je obravnavan pomen asertivnosti z vidika pacienta in z vidika medicinske sestre. Študije v glavnem poudarjajo in potrjujejo potrebo medicinskih sester po učenju asertivnih veščin, saj le-te delujejo kot zaščita pred emocionalno izčrpanostjo, st...

  8. Assertive Community Treatment (ACT)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... services—including both ER visits and inpatient hospitalizations—ACT team members are also well-connected with local hospitals and have the ability to work with hospital and emergency room staff. ACT teams ...

  9. Debating China's assertiveness

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    He, Kai; Feng, Huiyun

    2012-01-01

    –China relations as a bargaining process. Whereas China negotiates for a new status in the system with redefined interests, the United States and other countries need to adjust their old political practices. China's ‘core interest’ diplomacy launched in 2009 is the first step in revealing ‘private information...

  10. Associations of Sexual Victimization, Depression, and Sexual Assertiveness with Unprotected Sex: A Test of the Multifaceted Model of HIV Risk Across Gender

    OpenAIRE

    Morokoff, Patricia J.; Colleen A. Redding; Harlow, Lisa L.; Cho, Sookhyun; Rossi, Joseph S.; Meier, Kathryn S; Mayer, Kenneth H.; Koblin, Beryl; Brown-Peterside, Pamela

    2009-01-01

    This study examined whether the Multifaceted Model of HIV Risk (MMOHR) would predict unprotected sex based on predictors including gender, childhood sexual abuse (CSA), sexual victimization (SV), depression, and sexual assertiveness for condom use. A community-based sample of 473 heterosexually active men and women, aged 18–46 years completed survey measures of model variables. Gender predicted several variables significantly. A separate model for women demonstrated excellent fit, while the m...

  11. The effects of a classroom-based social skills training program on the levels of assertiveness and aggressiveness of fourth-grade elementary school students

    OpenAIRE

    Aslı Uz Baş

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study is examine the effects of an classroom-based social skills training program on assertiveness and aggressiveness of fourth-grade elementary students. Subjects of the study are composed of 51 fourth-grade students. Twenty five of these students are assigned to experimental group and 26 of them are assigned to control group. Social skills training program was implemented to the experimental group for 10 weeks. However, no procedure was applied to the control group. The ...

  12. Identifying barriers to mental health system improvements: an examination of community participation in assertive community treatment programs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wakefield Patricia A

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Integrating the best available evidence into program standards is essential if system-wide improvements in the delivery of community-based mental health services are to be achieved. Since the beginning of the Assertive Community Treatment (ACT program movement, program standards have included a role for the community. In particular, ACT program standards have sought to ensure that members of the local community are involved in governance and that former clients participate in service delivery as "Peer Support Specialists". This paper reports on the extent to which ACT program standards related to community participation have been implemented and identifies barriers to full compliance. Methods Qualitative and quantitative data were collected through a telephone survey of ACT Program Coordinators in Ontario, Canada, using a census sample of the existing 66 ACT programs. A thematic approach to content analysis was used to analyze respondents' qualitative comments. Quantitative data were analyzed using SPSS 16.0 and included means, frequencies, independent t-tests and Pearson Correlations. Results An 85% response rate was achieved. Of the 33 program standards, the two that received the lowest perceived compliance ratings were the two standards directly concerning community participation. Specifically, the standard to have a functioning Community Advisory Body and the standard requiring the inclusion of a Peer Support Specialist. The three major themes that emerged from the survey data with respect to the barriers to fully implementing the Community Advisory Body were: external issues; standard related issues; and, organizational/structural related issues. The three major themes concerning barriers to implementing the Peer Support Specialist role were: human resource related issues; organizational/structural related issues; and, standard related issues. Conclusions The reasons for low compliance of ACT programs with community

  13. Rediscovering The Great Chichimeca: Regional Assertiveness and Social Anthropology in the Rehabilitation of a Mexican Ethnic Plurality

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tomé, Pedro

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available For centuries Mexicans have used the term “Chichimeca” as a synonym for “Barbarian” or “Savage.” However, in the past decades a deeper understanding of the Chichimeca peoples —largely affected by a political assertiveness of the regions in Mexico— has resulted in a fresh reconstruction of the memory of the Spanish conquest and, thereby, of the view of these peoples. To a unexpected extent, social anthropology —particularly, the “Seminario Permanente de Estudios de la Gran Chichimeca” (SPECH, promoting regular discussions and publications on the subject from different academic disciplines— has contributed to this rehabilitation as well. A convergence is thus emerging between new scholarly interest in the indigenous nations of Mexico’s northern frontier —taking the Chichimeca out of the ostracism to which official history in the country had confined them— and a newly found reason for pride among the rest of the population in belonging to the same area.

    Durante siglos el término “chichimeca” ha sido utilizado por los mexicanos como sinónimo de “bárbaro” o “salvaje”. Sin embargo, en las últimas décadas una profundización en el conocimiento de los grupos chichimecas —a la que no ha sido ajena una re-valorización política de las regiones en México— ha propiciado una nueva reconstrucción de la memoria de la conquista española que, en parte, ofrece una visión distinta de estos grupos humanos. En un grado no previsto, la antropología social —y, en particular, el “Seminario Permanente de Estudios de la Gran Chichimeca” (SPECH, en el que diferentes disciplinas académicas dialogan sobre un mismo tema y un mismo territorio— está contribuyendo a la misma revisión, con el resultado convergente de sacar a los pueblos chichimecas del ostracismo al que la historia oficial en México los había confinado, mientras se genera, entre otros habitantes de esa parte del país, un cierto orgullo

  14. The implications for the clinician of adopting a recovery model: the role of choice in assertive treatment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lunt, Alan

    2004-01-01

    Theory is something rarely referred to in psychiatric rehabilitation. But the following, though opinion at this point, is meant to be seen as part of a pursuit of theory in psychiatric rehabilitation and in social science. The ideas behind the writing here draw heavily from the work of Patricia Deegan, yet truly are as old as the Declaration of Independence. They are strongly tied to the values of freedom, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness, as choice was expressed as a value in the Bill of Rights, and the Declaration of Independence. The social sciences and the physical sciences are seen as differing, in the same way as the social sciences at root draw from personal experiences while the physical sciences are more objectively determined. Thus, the author believes it not possible to put forward social theory without going beyond the purely objective, and including implicit, non-removable aspects of subjectivity. The author is herein proposing that the implications for the clinician of adopting a recovery model impact the issue of client choice. The Western tradition is now tied to the personal freedom of individual choice and opportunity. This paper explores the benefits of offering people with mental illnesses tangible choices in those areas of life, which impact upon the individual's consequences. The goal is to place the client in maximal control of his/her consequences, to the degree that the individual is capable of comprehending the nature of the choices involved; for the alternative of professionals choosing for their clients will inevitably result in learned helplessness. Although all of case management involves assertive treatment, this paper refers to cases in any modality of treatment in which professionals strongly advocate within the lives of and with the cooperation of clients, with special focus on the clients who encounter the greatest obstacles to successful treatment. The term "client" is employed here as the author is clearly referring to the

  15. 高校固定资产管理与财务管理相结合的思考%Consideration on combining of capital asserts management and finance management in colleges and universities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李霞

    2012-01-01

    The combining of capital asserts management and finance management is a key aspect of university state-owned asserts management. A key issue of asserts management and finance management is the discrepancy between physical asserts and statement of accounts. Therefore, for asserts and finance managements, the interaction needs to be enhanced, the asserts management system needs to be set up, the equipment depreciation needs to be enforced, the procedure of assert disposition needs to be enhanced, and the information channel with other functions and sharing of resources need to be established.%固定资产管理与财务管理相结合是高校国有资产管理的主要方向.资产管理和财务管理面临的主要问题是资产实物账与财务总账不一致.对此,提出资产管理和财务管理需要加强联动,需要建立资产综合管理信息系统、实行仪器设备折旧、完善资产处置流程,还要与其他相关职能部门建立信息沟通和资源共享.

  16. Propiedades psicométricas de la versión española de la Sexual Assertiveness Scale (SAS)

    OpenAIRE

    Sierra , Juan Carlos; Vallejo Medina, Pablo; Santos Iglesias, Pablo

    2011-01-01

    La asertividad sexual se refiere a la capacidad de las personas para iniciar la actividad sexual, rechazar la actividad sexual no deseada y emplear métodos anticonceptivos, desarrollando comportamientos saludables. La Sexual Assertiveness Scale (SAS) es una escala de 18 ítems que evalúa tres dimensiones: Inicio, Rechazo y Prevención Embarazo-ETS (E-ETS). En este estudio 853 personas contestaron la SAS, junto a una batería de instrumentos afines. La puntuación media de los ítems ha sido simila...

  17. INFLUENCIA DE LOS ESTILOS DE COMUNICACIÓN ASERTIVA DE LOS DOCENTES EN EL APRENDIZAJE ESCOLAR - INFLUENCE OF ASSERTIVE COMUNICATION STYLES OF TEACHERS IN THE SCHOOL LEARNING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    VIVIANA MONJE MAYORCA

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available This research determined the level of influence that assertive style of communication of teachers in the school learning. We used an experimental design; the sample included twelve teachers for the experimental group, and other twelve for the control group of the Empresarial de los Andes School (Department of Huila. The results show that school’s a stage of social life where the educational processes of the teachers have a deep character communicative and the institution have not recognized the importance of communication in processes like the personality, socialization and learning development. Similarly, was established that both, teachers and students, use alternate indirect ways of communication, which does not allow a proper process of personal interaction. It was shown, that with appropriate intervention, the communication channels are optimized, improving the academic performance of students.

  18. A social work contribution to suicide prevention through assertive brief psychotherapy and community linkage: use of the Manchester Short Assessment of Quality of Life (MANSA).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Petrakis, Melissa; Joubert, Lynette

    2013-01-01

    There is a striking absence of literature articulating and evaluating clinical social work contributions to suicide prevention, despite considerable practice in this important field. This article reports on a model of assertive brief psychotherapeutic intervention and facilitated linkage to community services utilized in a prospective cohort study of emergency department suicide attempt aftercare. A key outcome measure, the Manchester Short Assessment of Quality of Life (MANSA), was used with 65 patients to assess psychosocial domains at initial presentation, 4-weeks, 3-months, and 6-months. There were significant improvements in the domains of work, finance, leisure, social life, living situation, personal safety and health by 3 months. There were highly significant correlations between psychosocial improvements and improved depression scores.

  19. 基于断言的SoC设计验证方法%Assertion Based Verification Methodology of SoC Design

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董杨鑫; 郑建宏

    2007-01-01

    随着SoC(System on-a-Chip)设计规模的指数增长,验证时的模拟时间也变得越来越长,已经到了令人无法忍受的地步.因此如何进行有效、充分的验证,尤其是功能验证已经成为SoC设计方法学中重要的内容.本文将要介绍的基于断言的验证(Assertion Based Verification,ABV)是SoC设计功能验证的一种有效的方法,能够有效地提高验证效率.

  20. 基于策略断言的SOAP消息签名包装攻击检测%SOAP Messages Based on Policy Assertions Signature Wrapping Attacks Detection

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李根来; 赵逢禹

    2011-01-01

    Naive use of XML Signature may result in signed documents remaining vulnerable to undetected modification by an adversary.In the typical usage of XML Signature to protect SOAP messages,an adversary may be capable of modifying valid messages in order to gain unauthorized access to protected resources.In this paper,we first introduce the definition of signature wrapping attacks,then provide a possible scenario that enable these signature wrapping attacks,and last propose appropriate customized policy assertions.Our experiments show that the signature wrapping attacks detection based on customized policy assertions work very well.%不合理的使用XML签名会使经过签名的SOAP消息文档的安全性下降,容易受到恶意者的攻击。人们通常使用XML签名来保护SOAP消息,然而恶意者有能力通过改变有效的SOAP消息,以到达其在未获得合法授权的条件下访问被保护的消息的目的。文章首先介绍签名包装攻击的含义,然后模拟出签名包装攻击场景,最后提出一个合理的自定义检测策略断言。实验证明基于可选元素的签名包装攻击的自定义检测策略断言是可行的。

  1. Secure Range Query with Single Assertion on Encrypted Data%基于单断言的安全的密文区间检索

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡克; 张敏; 冯登国

    2011-01-01

    为解决数据外包所带来的敏感数据的数据安全问题,数据所有者更多地选择外包敏感数据的密文.而外包密文的形式,为数据所有者对这些数据的使用带来了不便,如数据所有者无法对密文数据进行区间检索等.目前的密文区间检索方案中,为实现密文的区间检索,服务器需要对区间索引进行多次断言.而断言次数越多,向服务器泄露的信息也越多.文中提出采用单断言实现敏感数据的区间判断,同时使用可逆矩阵对区间索引和区间陷门进行安全保护,不仅减少了整个方案的信息泄露,而且保证了区间索引和区间陷门的安全.文中对方案复杂性进行了分析.该方案在安全性方面的提升并不以效率损失为代价.%The outsourcing of sensitive data will bring in some security issues to the data. In order to avoid it, the data owner prefers to encrypt the sensitive data before outsourcing them. Thought the encryption can protect this confidentiality of sensitive data, it is inconvenient for the data owner to use them. For example, the data owner cannot directly make a range query on these encrypted sensitive data any more. To solve it, we usually build interval index for every sensitive data. To realizing whether a sensitive data belongs to a search range, in the previous solutions, the server needs to assert the interval index many times. The more times the server asserts the interval index, the more information that will be revealed to the server. These revealed information risk the confidentiality sensitive data. In this paper, we propose a schema of range query on encrypted data, which reduces the amount of information leakage by only asserting the interval index once. This revealed information such as interval indexes and interval trapdoors, are multiplied with invertible matrix to guarantee the security issues of the sensitive data and the search range. The analyses of complicity can tell the truth, that

  2. Can the Health of the Nation Outcome Scales for Children and Adolescents predict the necessity of inpatient stay during assertive community treatment?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Urben, Sébastien; Mantzouranis, Gregory; Baier, Vanessa; Halfon, Olivier; Villard, Eva; Holzer, Laurent

    2016-08-30

    Understanding the trajectories of youths within Child and Adolescents Mental Health Service (CAMHS) is of primary importance. Our objective is to assess the usefulness of the Health of the Nation Outcome Scales for Children and Adolescents (HoNOSCA) to predict inpatient (IP) stay for youths followed by assertive community treatment (ACT) teams. 82 youths followed exclusively by ACT and 42 who needed IP were assessed with the HoNOSCA at admission to the program. The HoNOSCA allowed the computing of three scores: a total score, an externalizing symptoms (Ext) score and an emotional problems (Emo) score. Logistic regressions revealed that the three HoNOSCA scores at admission of ACT predicted later need for hospitalization. Using ROC curve analyses, we set up cut off scores with appropriate sensitivity and specificity for the HoNOSCA Total and Ext to optimally predict the need for hospitalization. This study revealed that the HoNOSCA may be a useful tool to predict the need for later IP during ACT. Such knowledge is important to set up the best therapeutic strategies. PMID:27341331

  3. Bill (declared urgency) asserting the national commitment for the environment; Projet de Loi (urgence declaree), portant engagement national pour l'environnement

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2009-01-15

    The bill asserting the French national commitment for the environment (also named 'Grenelle 2') is considered as the juridical tool-box of the French environmental policy. It confirms, strengthens, and concretizes the objectives defined by the Grenelle 1 law. The main dispositions of the bill concern the following domains: settlement and urbanism with the improvement of the energy efficiency, energy conservation and life-cycle of buildings; transports with the development of sustainable transportation systems; energy with the creation of regional climate, air and energy schemes with the aim of developing renewable energies (with some restrictions concerning wind power) and reducing CO{sub 2} emissions; biodiversity with the creation of ecological pathways between protected areas for the migration of flora and fauna species; environment and waste management with the reinforcement of measures for the abatement of environmental pollutant effects. Among the numerous dispositions involving more than 20 codes (urbanism, environment, buildings etc..) one concerns the progressive implementation of a 'carbon price' index taking into account the greenhouse gas emission costs during the whole life cycle of a product, another one concerns the monitoring of indoor air quality in public buildings. This document is made of three parts. Part 1 is the exposition of the intentions of each article of the bill, part 2 is the bill itself and part 3 is the impact study of the bill in terms of economical, social and environmental impact. (J.S.)

  4. Research on SSO Based on Security Assertion Markup Language%基于SAML的单点登录技术研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄坤; 董晓明; 姚晋

    2012-01-01

    Security is a key point of the development of Web Service. SAML makes security systems of different types communicate with a valida-tion function based on attribute. In this paper, SAML(Security Assertion Markup Language) and it's two ways of implementing SSO are discussed, and JSAML, an example of SSO(single sign-on) implementation based on SAML, is introduced. Finally, the security about SAML is analyzed.%对于Web服务的发展,安全是一个重要课题,安全声明标记语言SAML提供了基于属性的身份认证,可令不同类型的安全服务系统之间实现交互.文章阐述了SAML的主要内容,讨论了SAML实现SSO的两种认证授权方式和一个具体实现实例JSAML,最后对SAML的安全性进行了分析.

  5. Asserting the primacy of health over patent rights: a comparative study of the processes that led to the use of compulsory licensing in Thailand and Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosenberg, Stephanie T

    2014-08-01

    Since the 1970s, the United States has adopted a trade policy agenda that has forced countries to trade away flexible patent provisions for access to US markets. While pharmaceutical companies have argued that the recognition of patent rights is essential for recovering investments in research and development of pharmaceuticals and incentivizing future innovation, the lack of competition has had damaging consequences for public health, as companies tend to set the prices of treatments beyond the reach of consumers and government programs. Thailand and Brazil are bound by law to provide universal access to anti-retroviral treatment (ART) to People Living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA). This has been made possible in part due to the universal health care systems in each country and the countries' local technical and industrial capacities that provide the government with affordable generic medicines. The introduction of stronger intellectual property protection laws however, has limited possibilities for procuring generic medicines and inflated the cost of treatment. Between 2006-2008, Thailand and Brazil used compulsory licensing to authorize generic competition against the consent of the pharmaceutical companies in order to guarantee the right to health and ensure the viability of government health budgets. This paper will demonstrate how the interaction between individual / collective action and structural and institutional elements in Thailand and Brazil produced propitious conditions for each country to assert the primacy of health over patent rights.

  6. Chinese Companies Poised to Assert

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Audrey GUO

    2009-01-01

    @@ Businesses in China are increasingly working with government and civil society to shift markets to reward sustainable development.These responsible business practices are becoming more and more embedded in the country s emerging green industrial policy and low carbon development pathways.In some areas,China is set to leapfrog into the elite group of global green innovators.

  7. The Functional Meanings of English Article in Logical Assertion%英语逻辑断言中冠词的功能语义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    夏虹

    2012-01-01

    英语冠词产生于中国象思维和西方概念思维方式的交会点,高级英语使用者也难确保冠词使用十分安全。冠词有定意义与无定意义根源在于对“隐喻名词”的一次断言。冠词与所修饰的隐喻性的名词有复杂的逻辑断言关系。在逻辑断言言语行为中冠词的特殊功能语义发挥独特作用。中国学生传统思维与西方冠词思维习惯真正接轨,在于理顺思维重围与语意纠结、明确指称分歧与知识周延.进行冠词与名词地道搭配的英语思维,避免随意省略冠词。%An English article crosses traditional English thinking of Chinese. An advanced English user of Chinese could not ensure that English articles are often used in safety. Either definite or indefinite meaning of English article results from the "first assertion" of metaphorical noun. There exist many agreements between English articles and metaphorical nouns. The special functional meanings of English article are peculiar in logical assertion. The English students should revolve the traditional Chinese minds to avoid article omission at random. A native-like collocation of article and noun helps to unlock thinking perplex and theme knot, to mark sign diversity and knowledge pertinence.

  8. The quality of life among persons with severe mental illness enrolled in an assertive community treatment program in Japan: 1-year follow-up and analyses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matsuoka Hiroo

    2006-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Toward effective community care for persons with severe mental illness and deinstitutionalization in Japan, we assessed the impact of the first trial of an assertive community treatment program on the lives and subjective perceptions of persons with mental illness without closing hospitals. Methods Forty-three subjects were enrolled from the newly admitted patients of a hospital, who met our criteria of problematic hospital use, severity of psychiatric disorders, and behavioral problems. The intervention team aimed to intensively support them in various life domains in their communities to decrease clients' admissions. The Quality of Life Interview was administered at baseline and after 12 months. Data were analyzed to assess the pre-post changes in their QOL, and were explained in association with other descriptive variables. Results The objective changes included increase in persons whose longest residence in a year were in communities, increase in income, and decrease in family contacts. Most subjective items were not changed except the decrease in satisfaction with family relationships. Satisfaction with family relationships was negatively correlated with hospital days at 1 year follow-up after controlling for symptoms, but was not so at baseline. Also, correlation between satisfaction with family relationships and global well-being was attenuated. A change in the positioning of family by clients and the autonomy of clients were suggested. However, previous studies showed that dissatisfaction with family relationships predicted rehospitalizations independently from symptoms, and our findings suggest our subjects' characteristics and a possible improvement in community-based care. Conclusion Our program predominantly fulfilled the primary goal, but it must be further refined to reflect the detailed characteristics of the target population and resource distribution. Assessing subjective perceptions, or the QOL of clients is

  9. Deinstitutionalization revisited: a 5-year follow-up of a randomized clinical trial of hospital-based rehabilitation versus specialized assertive intervention (OPUS) versus standard treatment for patients with first-episode schizophrenia spectrum disorders

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nordentoft, Merete; Øhlenschlæger, Johan; Thorup, Anne Amalie Elgaard;

    2010-01-01

    in a special part of the Copenhagen OPUS trial and randomized to either the specialized assertive intervention program (OPUS), standard treatment or hospital-based rehabilitation. RESULTS: It was a stable pattern that patients randomized to hospital-based rehabilitation spent more days in psychiatric wards......BACKGROUND: The effects of hospital-based rehabilitation including weekly supportive psychodynamic therapy compared with specialized assertive intervention and standard treatment has not previously been investigated in first-episode psychosis. The aim of the study was to examine long-term effect...... and in supported housing throughout the 5-year follow-up period compared with the two other groups. Patients in OPUS treatment spent significantly fewer days in psychiatric wards and supported housing in the first 3 years compared with patients in hospital-based rehabilitation. Due to attrition and small sample...

  10. The research about relationship between Confucian coping and life meaning searching and assertion%儒家式应对思想与生命意义追寻肯定的关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭霞; 王鑫强

    2011-01-01

    目的 探讨儒家式应对思想与生命意义的追寻肯定之间的关系.方法 采用生命态度剖面图(LAP)中的"生命意义的追寻与肯定"分量表和儒家应对问卷,整群随机抽取378名大学生进行调查.结果 挫折评价作用、挫折内在乐观性和人的责任性均与生命意义的追寻与肯定及其各因子呈显著正相关(分别为r=0.412,r=0.630,r=0.374,P<0.01),"命"认识因子仅与生命目的和生命控制呈显著负相关(r=-0.113,r=-0.141,P<0.05);逐步回归分析表明挫折评价作用、挫折内在乐观性和人的责任性是生命意义的追寻与肯定的主要预测因素.结论 儒家式应对思想能在一定程度上预测个体的生命意义的追寻与肯定水平.%Objective To explore the relationship between Confucian coping and life meaning searching and assertion. Methods 378 undergraduates were assessed by the subscale " Meaning Searching and Assertion" in the life attitude profile scale (LAP) and the Confucian coping questionnaire. Results The role of adversity to individual growing,optimism in the adversity and the responsibility as human being were significantly related to life meaning searching and assertion,as well as each factor( r = 0. 412, r = 0. 630, r = 0. 374, P<0. 01). The viewpoints to "fate" was significantly related to life purpose and life control( r= -0. 113, r= -0. 141, P<0. 05). Regression analysis showed the role of adversity to individual growing,optimism in the adversity and the responsibility as human being are main predictor of life meaning searching and assertion. Conclusion Confucian coping can predict the individual level of life meaning searching and assertion.

  11. The Investigation of relation between elementary school second grade students’ self-esteem, different skills and assertiveness levels İlköğretim II. kademe öğrencilerinde benlik saygısı, farklı yetenek ve atılganlık düzeyleri arasındaki ilişkinin incelenmesi

    OpenAIRE

    Hakan Sarıçam; Elifcan Yılmaz; Arzu Gülbahçe; Öner Gülbahçe; Mehmet Çardak

    2013-01-01

    This study aims to examine the relation among the self esteem, different abilility levels and assertiveness levels of second grade primary education. An investigation has been done on over 180 students, chosen randomly, from the primary education schools of Erzurum MEB in accordance with the purpose of this study. Information Form, Rosenberg Self-Esteem Inventory, Basic Aptitude Test 6-8 and Rathus Assertiveness Inventory were used. SPSS/WINDOWS programme was used for data analysis. ‘t test’...

  12. Model study and system implementation of measuring asserts life cycle management%计量资产全寿命周期管理模型研究及系统实现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭楚宁; 叶剑斌; 沈秋英

    2015-01-01

    With the system reform of group management in the planning, construction, operation, maintenance, mar-keting of five aspects and centralized management in human, financial, material of three aspects, and the marketing system construction of customer-oriented, flattening organization, intensive business, professional management, real-time control and coordinated service which proposed by the state grid corporation of china, the intensive management of measuring asserts has become the core business of measurement center in each provincial company, and the life cy-cle management is the best way to achieve this goal.Measuring asserts have characteristics of large number, low unit price, wide use range and easy replacement, and it directly relates to social factors such as people’ s livelihood, har-mony and stability, so quality management is the core of measuring asserts life cycle management.Around this core, study on analysis evaluation model of measuring asserts life cycle management is carried out, and the system architec-ture is designed, finally, the system function and application is stated in the paper.%随着国家电网公司“三集五大”体制改革和“一型五化”大营销体系的建设,各省公司计量资产的集中集约管理已成为计量中心的核心业务,全寿命周期管理是实现这一目标的最佳途径。由于计量资产具有数量庞大、单价低、使用面广、易更换的特点,并且直接涉及国计民生、和谐稳定等社会因素,因此质量管理是计量资产全寿命周期管理的核心。文章围绕这一核心开展了计量资产周期管理的分析评价模型研究,并设计了系统架构,阐述了系统功能和应用情况。

  13. 面向硬件仿真的SystemVerilog断言检查电路生成研究%Checker circuit generation for System Verilog assertion in hardware emulation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏启欣

    2011-01-01

    提出了一种针对SystemVerilog断言的断言检查电路综合方法.综合而成的断言检查电路可以被用于硬件仿真中.方法基于移位寄存器链保存电路信号的历史数据,并利用断言电路间寄存器共用减少硬件资源使用.实验结果表明,与已有的断言综合方法比较,本方法具有有效性.%In this paper, a method to generate hardware checker circuits from SystemVerilog assertions for hardware emulation is proposed. The main idea is to construct the checker circuit based on shiftregister chain. It also introduce a method to minimize the hardware resource consumption by sharing registers among different assertions. The experimental results comparing with former the researches show the effectiveness of the proposed method.

  14. Experimental Study to Compare the Use of Metamorphic Testing and Assertion Checking%蜕变测试和断言检查的比较与实验研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张震宇; 陈荣光; 谢俊谦; 胡佩锋

    2009-01-01

    在软件测试中,测试预言是一种用于检查程序在测试中是否正常运行的机制.然而在某些实际情况下,还无法制定测试预言或者难以有效地应用测试预言.针对此类测试预言问题,蜕变测试于近年应运而生,但蜕变测试的效率问题还没有被充分地加以研究.作者用控制实验的方法研究了使用蜕变测试的成本及效率,进而将蜕变测试和常用的断言检查两种方法的错误检测率和时间成本进行了比较和分析.实验结果表明,相比于断言检查方法,蜕变测试具有检测到更多错误的潜力.通过分析蜕变测试的效率和性能,与断言测试相比,蜕变测试的错误检测率更高效而效率有待提高,可适用于较为粗粒度的测试需求.%A test oracle in software testing is a mechanism for checking whether the program under test behaves correctly for any execution. In some practical situations, oracles can be unavailable or too expensive to apply. Metamorphic testing (MT) was proposed to alleviate this problem so that software can be delivered under the time-to-market pressure. However, the effectiveness of MT has not been studied adequately. This paper conducts a controlled experiment to investigate the cost effectiveness of using MT. The fault detection capability and time cost of MT are compared with the standard assertion checking method. The results show that MT has potentials to detect more faults than the assertion checking method. The experimental results also show a trade-off between the two testing methods: MT can be less efficient but more effective, and can be defined at a coarser level of granularity than the assertion checking method.

  15. Deinstitutionalization revisited: a 5-year follow-up of a randomized clinical trial of hospital-based rehabilitation versus specialized assertive intervention (OPUS) versus standard treatment for patients with first-episode schizophrenia spectrum disorders

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nordentoft, Merete; Øhlenschlæger, Johan; Thorup, Anne Amalie Elgaard;

    2010-01-01

    in a special part of the Copenhagen OPUS trial and randomized to either the specialized assertive intervention program (OPUS), standard treatment or hospital-based rehabilitation. RESULTS: It was a stable pattern that patients randomized to hospital-based rehabilitation spent more days in psychiatric wards...... and in supported housing throughout the 5-year follow-up period compared with the two other groups. Patients in OPUS treatment spent significantly fewer days in psychiatric wards and supported housing in the first 3 years compared with patients in hospital-based rehabilitation. Due to attrition and small sample...... size, differences in level of psychotic and negative symptoms at 5-year follow-up could not be evaluated. CONCLUSIONS: The study indicates that hospital-based rehabilitation together with weekly supportive psychodynamic therapy was associated with a continued increased use of psychiatric bed days...

  16. La comunicación y la asertividad del discurso durante las interacciones grupales presenciales y por computadora Communication and assertiveness on the discourse during face-to-face and computer-mediated group interactions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nancy Noemí Terroni

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo se reportan los resultados del análisis reticular en la comunicación, y los puntajes de la asertividad del discurso de los partipantes de pequeños grupos que resuelven una tarea de recuperación de memoria (La guerra de los fantasmas, Bartlett, 1932. El diseño es cuasiexperimental y los 90 participantes alumnos de la Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata, debieron reconstruir la misma en forma grupal colaborativa. Los sujetos fueron asignados aleatoriamente a los grupos y a las dos condiciones (grupos cara a cara y mediados por computadora. Se registraron las interacciones presenciales mediante video filmaciones y las electrónicas quedaron almacenadas en el canal de chat. En general, la asertividad del discurso y la comunicación presentaron asociaciones significativas, con algunas diferencias según el canal comunicacional empleado. Se discuten estos resultados con relación al tipo de tarea y a las restricciones de los medios electrónicos.This work reports the results of reticular analysis in communication, and the scores from the discourse assertiveness of the participants of small groups who solve a recall memory task (The war of the ghosts, Bartlett, 1932. The design is a quasi-experimental one and the 90 subjects, students from Mar del Plata University had to reconstruct the same story in collaborative groups. The subjects were assigned in an aleatory way, to both conditions (face to face and computer-mediated groups. The subjects' interactions in face-to-face communication groups were recorded in video films and the electronic ones were stored in the chat channel. In general, the discourse assertiveness and the communication presented significant associations, with some differences according to the communication channel used. These results are discussed about the type of task and the restrictions of the electronic media.

  17. Assertion and Proof Generation for Assembly Code in Certifying Compiler%一种出具证明编译器中的汇编级断言和证明生成的方法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张臻婷; 李兆鹏; 陈意云; 杨思敏; 庄重

    2011-01-01

    Proof-carrying code (PCC) is a technique that allows the code consumer to check whether the code is safe to execute via a formal safety proof provided by the code producer. A certifying compiler implements the technology of PCC by compiling annotated source code into low-level code and proof which can be checked by Coq. In this paper, we present a low-level verification framework following Hoare-style certification methods. Based on the framework, we give a definition of assertion language for assembly code and a feasible method to automatically generate assertions and proof for assembly code.%携带证明代码允许代码消费方通过检查代码生产方提供的证明,来判断代码是否满足相应的安全规范.本文实现了一个类C语言的出具证明编译器原型,它在将带有规范标注的源代码编译成汇编代码的同时,还能产生汇编代码满足相应规范的Coq可检查证明,从而保证汇编代码的安全性.本文设计了一种Hoare风格的汇编级验证框架,并在此框架下提出并实现一种新的自动生成汇编级断言和证明的方法.

  18. The Raising of Mao Zedong's Assertion for "United Government" and Its Realization Process%毛泽东“联合政府”主张的提出及其实现过程

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡为雄

    2012-01-01

    Mao Zedong's assertion for "united government" originated from three factors: U.S.A President Roosevelt's proposal,the growth of the CPC's military force,and the dictatorship,corruption and military failure of Kuomintang.Primarily he attempted to strive for a part of state power from the Kuomintang's hands by peaceful means,and this assertion was supported by the democratic parties and non-party personage and became a political goal of multi-party united government.During the process of implementation,it is finally transformed into the form of united governance of the CPC together with democratic parties and non-party personage under the CPC's leadership after the Party won the armed struggle.%毛泽东"联合政府"主张的提出起源于三大因素:国际上美国总统罗斯福最初提议,国内共产党军事力量不断壮大,国民党政府独裁、腐败和军事上失利。毛泽东在实施"联合政府"主张过程中,最初是想利用和平手段从国民党手中争取一部分执政权,它一经提出就得到民主党派及无党派人士的拥护并成为一种多党联合执政的政治目标,在实施过程中最终演变成经过武装斗争胜利后共产党与民主党派及非党人士联合执政的政权形式。

  19. Notice made on behalf of the Commission of economic affairs about the bill, adopted by the Senate after urgency declaration, asserting the national commitment for the environment (no. 1965)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The bill asserting the French national commitment for the environment (also named 'Grenelle 2') is considered as the juridical tool-box of the French environmental policy. It confirms, strengthens, and concretizes the objectives defined by the Grenelle 1 law. The main dispositions of the bill concern the following domains: settlement and urbanism with the improvement of the energy efficiency, energy conservation and life-cycle of buildings; transports with the development of sustainable transportation systems; energy with the creation of regional climate, air and energy schemes with the aim of developing renewable energies (with some restrictions concerning wind power) and reducing CO2 emissions; biodiversity with the creation of ecological pathways between protected areas for the migration of flora and fauna species; environment and waste management with the reinforcement of measures for the abatement of environmental pollutant effects. Among the numerous dispositions involving more than 20 codes (urbanism, environment, buildings etc..) one concerns the progressive implementation of a 'carbon price' index taking into account the greenhouse gas emission costs during the whole life cycle of a product, another one concerns the monitoring of indoor air quality in public buildings. This document recalls first the objectives of the bill adopted by the Senate, then it presents the proposals of the rapporteurs of the French House of Commons, followed by the auditions of the Junior Ministers in charge of ecology, accommodation and urbanism, energy, sustainable development, green technologies and climate. Finally, each article of the bill is described, and examined by the deputies. (J.S.)

  20. Supply and demand assert their roles

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The last 12 months have been a period when the most fundamental of economic factors, supply and demand, took control of the global upstream market. Supply affected the market in terms of equipment and manpower, or more precisely, the growing lack thereof. Demand made its presence felt strongly as regards growth of oil consumption. Indeed, the pace of world oil demand growth is accelerating. According to the International Energy Agency (IEA), demand rose 1.9% in 1994. In 1995, the pace got faster, rising 2.2%. Last year, the rate of increase jumped again, with global oil demand growing 2.4% to 72.0 million bopd. IEA predicts that 1997's growth rate will go higher, to 2.5%, resulting in demand of 73.8 million bopd. Data are presented on drilling activities for gas and oil wells, oil/gas condensate production, and gas and oil reserves

  1. Monitoring Assertion-Based Business Processes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Aiello, Marco; Lazovik, Alexander

    2006-01-01

    Business processes that span organizational borders describe the interaction between multiple parties working towards a common objective. They also express business rules that govern the behavior of the process and account for expressing changes reflecting new business objectives and new market situ

  2. The Investigation of relation between elementary school second grade students’ self-esteem, different skills and assertiveness levels İlköğretim II. kademe öğrencilerinde benlik saygısı, farklı yetenek ve atılganlık düzeyleri arasındaki ilişkinin incelenmesi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hakan Sarıçam

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to examine the relation among the self esteem, different abilility levels and assertiveness levels of second grade primary education. An investigation has been done on over 180 students, chosen randomly, from the primary education schools of Erzurum MEB in accordance with the purpose of this study. Information Form, Rosenberg Self-Esteem Inventory, Basic Aptitude Test 6-8 and Rathus Assertiveness Inventory were used. SPSS/WINDOWS programme was used for data analysis. ‘t test’ was used for determine the difference among the groups and ‘Pearson Moment Correlation Analysis’ was used for determine correlation among variables. In this study different abilities were examined in the subhead of Language ability, The Ability of Reasoning, Numerical Ability, General Ability. It was found in this study that there is a meaningful relation between Sef-Esttem and Language ability, The Ability of Reasoning, Numerical Ability, General Ability, Assertiveness. In the view of the preceding findings, and in the scope of academic success this study is discussed and leads other investigations and applications.

  3. Influence of assertiveness training on the Self-esteem and the Quality of Life of Female Patients with Schizophrenia%自信心训练对女性精神分裂症患者自尊及生活质量的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张凌芳; 陈慧敏; 朱雪丽; 何益群

    2014-01-01

    目的:探讨自信心训练对女性精神分裂症患者自尊及生活质量的影响。方法:将78例康复期女性精神分裂症患者随机分为观察组和对照组2组各39例,并给予常规抗精神病药物治疗及护理,观察组在此基础上进行自信心训练8周。采用自尊量表( SES)和世界卫生组织生活质量量表( WH O, QOL~100)分别于入组训练前后进行评估。结果:观察组进行自信心训练后,与对照组相比较,SES及QOL~100评分均高于对照组差异具有统计学意义( P <0.05)。结论:自信心训练有助于提高女性精神分裂症患者自尊水平,继而提高其生活质量。%Objective:To explore the influence of assertiveness training on the self -esteem and the quality of life of female patients with schizophrenia .Motheds:78 female patients with schizophrenia who had rehabilitated were randomly divided into observation group and control group .They were offered the conventional antipsychotic drug therapy and nursing .And then only the observation group would be offered Assertiveness training for 8 weeks.They were evaluated in The Self -Esteem Scale(SES) and The WHO Quality of Life Scale (WHO,QOL-100) before assertiveness training and after it.Results:After assertiveness training, training group scores were higher in SES and QOL-100 than control group ( p<0 .05 ) .Conclusion: Assertiveness training will improve the level of self -esteem of female schizophrenia patients , and then improve their quality of life .

  4. 断定、否定、承诺、资格与不相容性(以及一些推论)%Assertion, Denial, Commitment, Entitlement, and Incompatibility (And Some Consequence)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    戈莱格·莱斯特尔

    2008-01-01

    在这篇短文里,我将比较Huw Price([7])和我本人([9])关于否定的对称性处理的两种不同方式,并与Robert Brandom关于承诺、资格和不相容性的分析进行对比.这两种方式都可以归为Brandom所谓的规范语用学,是一种关于意义的语义学反实在论:语汇的含义是由人们的受规则支配(即规范的)的语用实践(语用学)予以明确的.这样的处理不同于直觉主义者的语义学反实在论,因为它提供了一种方式,使得我们可以区分"A"和"A得以保证"的推理意义.尽管"证明"具有某种中心地位,但"实证"并不是意义的首要承载者.而这种区分植根于对人们语用实践的细致分析.一方面,根据Price以及我本人的看法,人们既做断定也做否定:另一方面,Brandom则区分了自上而下的承诺与自下而上的资格,以及据此而定义的不相容性概念.本文考察这些不同进路之间的各种关联,并讨论从这些考察中浮现出的一种关于证明的看法.%In this short paper, I compare and contrast the kind of symmetric treatment of negation favoured in different ways by Huw Price ([8]) and by me ([9]) with Robert Brandom's analysis of scorekeeping in terms of commitment, entitlement and incompatibility. Both kinds of account are what Brandom calls a normative pragmatics. They are both semantic anti-realist accounts of meaning in the significance of vocabulary is explained in terms of our rule-governed (normative) practice (pragmatics). These accounts differ from intuitionist semantic anti-realism by providing a way to distinguish the inferential significance of "A" and "A is warranted." Although proof plays a central role, in neither account is verification the primary bearer of meaning. Our accounts make these distinctions in terms of a subtle analysis of our practices. On the one hand according to Price and me, we assert as well as deny; on the other, Brandom distinguishes downstream commitments from upstream

  5. Embryology review of the assertion-the leadership of the party is the most essential characteristic of socialism with Chinese characteristics%党的领导是中国特色社会主义最本质特征的发生学审视

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王振民; 马征; 彭青

    2015-01-01

    习近平总书记提出的“党的领导是中国特色社会主义最本质的特征”的重大论断,不仅是对马克思主义关于社会主义社会特征理论的继承和发展,也是对当代中国特色社会主义何以能富有蓬勃生机和发展前景的关键缘由的科学回答。从发生学的维度对这一重大论断生成和发展的历史和逻辑进行初步梳理,阐明其是如何生成和为何发生的构境。概而言之,从理论理性到实践理性,即从隐性到显性,是判据生发的内驱力;从并行结构到层次结构,即从意指转向能指,是判据布展的外驱力;理论语境与现实情境相结合是判据的基本要求。%The assertion that the leadership of the party is the most essential characteristic of socialism with Chinese characteristics proposed by general secretary XI Jin-ping is not only the inheritance and development of Marxism on the characteristics of socialism , but also the scientific answer to the question why socialism with Chinese characteristics in the contemporary era can be prosperous .The paper primarily sorts out the history and logic of this assertion's generation and development from the perspective of embryology .In a word, the inside drive to judge generation is from the theoretical reason to practical reason , namely from implicit to explicit , and the outside drive to judge development is from the parallel structure to hierarchical structure , namely from the connotation to denotation .The combination of context of theory with the real situation is the basic requirement of the criterion .

  6. Bill asserting the national commitment for the environment (declared urgency), text from the commission of economy, sustainable development and town and country planning; Projet de Loi portant engagement national pour l'environnement (urgence declaree), Texte de la Commission de L'Economie, du Developpement Durable et de L'Amenagement du Territoire

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2009-07-15

    The bill asserting the French national commitment for the environment (also named 'Grenelle 2') is considered as the juridical tool-box of the French environmental policy. It confirms, strengthens, and concretizes the objectives defined by the Grenelle 1 law. The main dispositions of the bill concern the following domains: settlement and urbanism with the improvement of the energy efficiency, energy conservation and life-cycle of buildings; transports with the development of sustainable transportation systems; energy with the creation of regional climate, air and energy schemes with the aim of developing renewable energies (with some restrictions concerning wind power) and reducing CO{sub 2} emissions; biodiversity with the creation of ecological pathways between protected areas for the migration of flora and fauna species; environment and waste management with the reinforcement of measures for the abatement of environmental pollutant effects. Among the numerous dispositions involving more than 20 codes (urbanism, environment, buildings etc..) one concerns the progressive implementation of a 'carbon price' index taking into account the greenhouse gas emission costs during the whole life cycle of a product, another one concerns the monitoring of indoor air quality in public buildings. This document is the text of the bill as prepared by the Commission of economy, sustainable development and town and country planning. (J.S.)

  7. 积极式个案管理对社区精神分裂症复发及卫生经济学影响%The effect of assertive case management on relapse and health economic evaluation in schizophrenics living in communities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵静; 谢红涛; 易正辉; 吕钦谕; 郭向晴; 胡国芹; 汪作为; 姜雅琴; 陈健; 路聚保; 伍毅

    2014-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the effect of assertive case management on relapse and health economic evalua⁃tion in schizophrenics living in communities. Methods Two hundred outpatients were randomly divided into the study group (107 enrolled, 107 completed) which received assertive case management and the control group (93 enrolled, 91 completed) which received normal management treatment for 12 months. Clinical global impression scale (CGI) and the cost of treatment were assessed every three months. Medication adherence and family burden were evaluated before treat⁃ment and 3, 6 and 12 months after the treatment using Medication Adherence Rating Scale (MARS) and Family Burden Instructing, respectively. Results The study group was less likely to relapse compared with the control group over the 12-month follow-up and the relapse rates were 1.9%and 11.0%in study and control groups, respectively (P<0.01). The repeated-measures analysis of variance indicated that time main effect was significant in severity of illness factor score of CGI (P<0.01). The time main effect and group main effect in factor 1 and factor 3 scores of MARS were significant (all P<0.05) and there was an interaction effect in factor1 score of MARS (P<0.01). In the study group, time effect were signifi⁃cant in factor 1 score of MARS (P<0.01). The time main effects in indirect cost and total cost were significant and so were interaction effects in direct cost and total cost (P<0.05). In the study group, time effects were significant in direct cost and total cost (P<0.01). Comparison of FBI dimensions before and after the intervention showed that family relation⁃ship was much more decreased in the study group than in the control group (P<0.01). Conclusions Assertive Case Man⁃agement can reduce the recurrence of schizophrenia living in communities, improve compliance medication and family re⁃lationship as well as reduce the cost of treatment.%目的:积极式个案管理模式(assertive case

  8. Assertive Discipline and Its Impact on Disruptive Behavior

    Science.gov (United States)

    Etheridge, Tasha R.

    2010-01-01

    Past research studies suggested that many students could benefit from well-structured classroom management strategies to help in the reduction of discipline problems that some may have. The research, however, was inconclusive as to which classroom management strategies are the most effective in managing behaviors within the classroom setting. The…

  9. Changes in self-concept: female assertiveness in weblog writing

    OpenAIRE

    García Gómez, Antonio

    2009-01-01

    La psicología discursiva es especialmente relevante en el estudio de la construcción de la identidad femenina en las narrativas de adolescentes en sus diarios personales en red, en tanto en cuanto permite al analista arrojar luz sobre cómo estas adolescentes no sólo «producen discurso» sino que además son producto del discurso. El presente trabajo tiene como objetivo analizar estos discursos o posicionamientos como un intento de esclarecer algunas cuestiones sobre comunicación, acción social ...

  10. 40 CFR 350.13 - Sufficiency of assertions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... submitter uses it, and competitors cannot easily duplicate the specific use of this chemical through their... title does not contain sufficient information to enable competitors to determine the specific chemical... competitors cannot readily discover the specific chemical identity by analysis of the submitter's products...

  11. Offline Analysis of Independent Guarded Assertions in Automotive Integration Testing

    OpenAIRE

    Rodriguez-Navas, Guillermo; Kobetski, Avenir; Sundmark, Daniel; Gustafsson, Thomas

    2015-01-01

    The size and complexity of software in automotive systems have increased steadily over the last decades. Modern vehicles typically contain numerous electrical control units (ECUs), and more and more features require real-time interaction between several dedicated ECUs (e.g., gearbox, brake and engine control units) in order to perform their tasks. Since system safety and reliability must not be adversely affected by this increase in complexity, proper quality assurance is a must. Such quality...

  12. Social encounters among young children: Assertiveness, aggression and prosocial behavior

    OpenAIRE

    Silva, Judite Maria Brito

    1992-01-01

    Tese de Doutoramento apresentada à Faculdade de Ciências Sociais, Escola de Educação, Universidade de Bristol Psychological literature on the social development of children is extensive and many experimental and naturalistic investigations have been carried out. The picture of the young child as egocentric and having limited social competence has been replaced by one of an agent who understands and actively manipulates his social world to achieve goals and establish relationships necessary...

  13. Early detection and assertive community treatment of young psychotics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, P; Nordentoft, M; Abel, M B;

    2000-01-01

    Recent research indicates that early detection of young persons suffering from psychosis and subsequent intensive intervention enhances treatment response and prognosis, but the data are only preliminary and suggestive....

  14. Librarians as Experts: Using the Web to Assert Our Value

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pressley, Lauren; Gilbertson, Kevin

    2011-01-01

    People see challenges to libraries in funding, in ebooks, and in the internet. However, in this information-rich age, librarians' roles are even more important. They are information experts. They know how to think about the changing information environment, and they know the impact--both positive and negative--it can have on people whose jobs…

  15. Positioning localities from spatial assertions based on Voronoi neighboring

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    With the rapid development of Internet,much spatial information contained in non-structured or semi-structured documents is available on the World Wide Web.In such documents,localities are always textually described using spatial relationships and named places,instead of numerical coordinates.Hence,extracting positional information from locality descriptions is an important task.In this paper,we bridge two aspects of locality descriptions,namely generating locality descriptions and positioning localities,and provide a method to compute probability density according to the selection probability of a reference object to describe the position of the target object.Refinement operation on uncertainty field is used to deal with locality description involving multiple reference objects.Three metrics are introduced to measure the results of positioning localities.We choose the mixed selection probability function based on Euclidean distance and Voronoi stolen-area to compute probability density function.Finally,we use three cases to demonstrate the proposed methods.

  16. Na trilha das “garrafadas”: a abdicação de D. Pedro I e a afirmação da identidade nacional brasileira na Bahia On the trail of the Garrafadas: The abdication of Dom Pedro I and the assertion of Brazil’s national identity in Bahia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel António Silva

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available O texto analisa os momentos finais do reinado do primeiro imperador brasileiro e as tensões políticas que impuseram a sua abdicação: o acirramento da distinção entre “português” e “brasileiro” e a afirmação de uma certa identidade nacional brasileira conducente à procura de uma definição de cidadania entre os baianos. Os protestos populares e militares ocorridos aí e no Rio de Janeiro mostram a existência de uma íntima relação e complementaridade entre portugueses e brasileiros. O duelo ocorrido entre eles em março de 1831 no Rio de Janeiro, que se convencionou chamar a “noite das garrafadas” e os diversos protestos de rua ocorridos em Salvador da Bahia no mesmo contexto, são a chave do presente estudo.We analyze in this essay the final moments of the reign of the first Brazilian emperor and the political tensions that led to his abdication: the growing stress on the distinction between “Portuguese” and “Brazilian” and the assertion of a kind of Brazilian national identity leading to the construction of a definition of citizenship, particularly among the residents of Bahia. The popular and military unrest in Bahia and Rio de Janeiro show that there were close relations and complementarities between Portuguese and Brazilians. The duel that took place between them in March 1831 in Rio de Janeiro that came to be known as the noite das garrafadas (night of the “bottle riot” and the street protests that occurred in Salvador da Bahia, are the key to the present study.

  17. Notice made on behalf of the Commission of economic affairs about the bill, adopted by the Senate after urgency declaration, asserting the national commitment for the environment (no. 1965); Avis fait Au nom de la Commission des Affaires Economiques sur le projet de loi, adopte par le Senat, apres declaration d'urgence, portant engagement national pour l'environnement (no. 1965)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2010-04-15

    The bill asserting the French national commitment for the environment (also named 'Grenelle 2') is considered as the juridical tool-box of the French environmental policy. It confirms, strengthens, and concretizes the objectives defined by the Grenelle 1 law. The main dispositions of the bill concern the following domains: settlement and urbanism with the improvement of the energy efficiency, energy conservation and life-cycle of buildings; transports with the development of sustainable transportation systems; energy with the creation of regional climate, air and energy schemes with the aim of developing renewable energies (with some restrictions concerning wind power) and reducing CO{sub 2} emissions; biodiversity with the creation of ecological pathways between protected areas for the migration of flora and fauna species; environment and waste management with the reinforcement of measures for the abatement of environmental pollutant effects. Among the numerous dispositions involving more than 20 codes (urbanism, environment, buildings etc..) one concerns the progressive implementation of a 'carbon price' index taking into account the greenhouse gas emission costs during the whole life cycle of a product, another one concerns the monitoring of indoor air quality in public buildings. This document recalls first the objectives of the bill adopted by the Senate, then it presents the proposals of the rapporteurs of the French House of Commons, followed by the auditions of the Junior Ministers in charge of ecology, accommodation and urbanism, energy, sustainable development, green technologies and climate. Finally, each article of the bill is described, and examined by the deputies. (J.S.)

  18. 唐代法律体系正确理解的转捩点--辨《新唐书》“唐之刑书有四说”并复有关观点%The Turning Point to Correctly Understand the Legal System in Tang Dynasty---A Debate over and Pertinent Opinions on the Assertion of“Four Criminal Codes”in the New Book of Tang

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钱大群

    2015-01-01

    在分析唐代法律体系及唐律性质的史籍中,《唐六典》及《新唐书·刑法志》的有关观点曾起了不同的导向作用。《新唐书》由于错误地以“四刑书”概括唐代法律,违反了唐人“文法有四”的正确概括;《新唐书》的“四刑书说”促使后代有些学者提出了唐代法律“皆刑法”的主张;“四刑书说”与其自身对唐四法的界定,有不可克服的矛盾;与汉、北齐、唐、五代、宋、元各代政治家与史学界的概括之法相乖违;支持“四刑法说”之观点与方法皆失之偏颇。%In accordance with the analysis of legal systems in Tang Dynasty and pertinent historic studies, some thoughts on the Tang Liu Dian and the Criminal Code in the New Book of Tang have played rather differ-ent guidance. The New Book of Tang has erroneously summarized that there are four criminal codes in Tang Dynasty but actually the correct understanding is that there are four forms of law. The above erroneous theory of“Four Criminal Codes”have caused the assertion proposed by later scholars that laws in Tang Dynasty are“all criminal laws”. Thus the erroneous assertion of“Four Criminal Codes”has insurmountable contradiction with that of four forms of laws,which has also been contradicted with summaries of laws proposed by politi-cians and historians studying on dynasties of Han,Northern Qi,Tang,the Five Dynasties,Song and Yuan. Therefore,the assertion of“Four Criminal Codes”has fault both in theory and methodology.

  19. Bill, adopted by the Senate after urgency declaration, asserting the national commitment for the environment, transmitted by M. Prime Minister to M. President of the House of Commons; Projet de loi adopte par le Senat apres declaration d'urgence, portant engagement national pour l'environnement transmis par M. le Premier Ministre a M. le President de l'Assemblee Nationale

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2009-10-15

    The bill asserting the French national commitment for the environment (also named 'Grenelle 2') is considered as the juridical tool-box of the French environmental policy. It confirms, strengthens, and concretizes the objectives defined by the Grenelle 1 law. The main dispositions of the bill concern the following domains: settlement and urbanism with the improvement of the energy efficiency, energy conservation and life-cycle of buildings; transports with the development of sustainable transportation systems; energy with the creation of regional climate, air and energy schemes with the aim of developing renewable energies (with some restrictions concerning wind power) and reducing CO{sub 2} emissions; biodiversity with the creation of ecological pathways between protected areas for the migration of flora and fauna species; environment and waste management with the reinforcement of measures for the abatement of environmental pollutant effects. Among the numerous dispositions involving more than 20 codes (urbanism, environment, buildings etc..) one concerns the progressive implementation of a 'carbon price' index taking into account the greenhouse gas emission costs during the whole life cycle of a product, another one concerns the monitoring of indoor air quality in public buildings. This document is the text of the bill adopted in first lecture by the Senate and transmitted by the Prime Minister to the President of the House of Commons. (J.S.)

  20. The fiction of Zora Neale Hurston: an assertion of black womanhood* The fiction of Zora Neale Hurston: an assertion of black womanhood*

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rita Terezinha Schmidt

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available Contrary to what oficial historical records show, recentstudies convincingly prove that women have been writing forcenturies, in a variety of literary modes and genres. However,an historical examination of the role of woman as writer revealsthat she has suffered from the persistent cultural ideal ofwoman's silence, an invisibility which has rendered her worksmarginal to what the guardians of the great tradition call 'theserious enterprise of art.' Denied legitimacy for so long by atraditional canon which has prescribed standards of literaryexcellence on the basis of pre-existing social bias, womenwriters are just beginning to be reviewed in major literarypublications, included in literary histories and universitycurricula as a result of the efforts geared to the body ofstudies in literature which has emerged as an important part ofthe post-60's upsurge of work in woman's studies, especially inthe United States. Certain ideas, perpetuated in the theory andpractice of literature, (such as the domain of the male creatorthrough whose agency and power man acquired the Word, becomingthe sacer vates, or the exclusively male transcendental images of creativity as opposed to earth-bound images of female nature, which have invested all significance in the experience, ideasand discourse of men, are now being called to question.Retrieving woman's texts and the literary expression of thefemale experience is a sign of basic changes in the consciousness of western art and society and a task in which weall should join as professionais concerned with the relationshipbetween women and literature. Contrary to what oficial historical records show, recentstudies convincingly prove that women have been writing orcenturies, in a variety of literary modes and genres. However,an historical examination of the role of woman as writer revealsthat she has suffered from the persistent cultural ideal ofwoman's silence, an invisibility which has rendered her worksmarginal to what the guardians of the great tradition call 'theserious enterprise of art.' Denied legitimacy for so long by atraditional canon which has prescribed standards of literaryexcellence on the basis of pre-existing social bias, womenwriters are just beginning to be reviewed in major literarypublications, included in literary histories and universitycurricula as a result of the efforts geared to the body ofstudies in literature which has emerged as an important part ofthe post-60's upsurge of work in woman's studies, especially inthe United States. Certain ideas, perpetuated in the theory andpractice of literature, (such as the domain of the male creatorthrough whose agency and power man acquired the Word, becomingthe sacer vates, or the exclusively male transcendental images of creativity as opposed to earth-bound images of female nature, which have invested all significance in the experience, ideasand discourse of men, are now being called to question.Retrieving woman's texts and the literary expression of thefemale experience is a sign of basic changes in the consciousness of western art and society and a task in which weall should join as professionais concerned with the relationshipbetween women and literature.

  1. The fiction of zora neale hurston: an assertion of black womanhood The fiction of zora neale hurston: an assertion of black womanhood

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rita Terezinha Schmidt

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available Contrary to what official historical records show, recent studies convincingly prove that women have been writing for centuries, in a variety of literary modes and genres. However, an historical examination of the role of woman as writer reveals that she has suffered from the persistent cultural ideal of woman's silence, an invisibility which has rendered her works marginal to what the guardians of the great tradition call 'the serious enterprise of art.' Denied legitimacy for so long by a traditional canon which has prescribed standards of literary excellence on the basis of pre-existing social bias, women writers are just beginning to be reviewed in major literary publications, included in literary histories and university curricula as a result of the efforts geared to the body of studies in literature which has emerged as an important part of the post-60's upsurge of work in woman's studies, especially in the United States. Contrary to what official historical records show, recent studies convincingly prove that women have been writing for centuries, in a variety of literary modes and genres. However, an historical examination of the role of woman as writer reveals that she has suffered from the persistent cultural ideal of woman's silence, an invisibility which has rendered her works marginal to what the guardians of the great tradition call 'the serious enterprise of art.' Denied legitimacy for so long by a traditional canon which has prescribed standards of literary excellence on the basis of pre-existing social bias, women writers are just beginning to be reviewed in major literary publications, included in literary histories and university curricula as a result of the efforts geared to the body of studies in literature which has emerged as an important part of the post-60's upsurge of work in woman's studies, especially in the United States.

  2. On the assertion that PCT violation implies Lorentz non-invariance

    CERN Document Server

    Duetsch, Michael

    2012-01-01

    Out of conviction or expediency, some current research programs take for granted that "PCT violation implies violation of Lorentz invariance". We point out that this claim is still on somewhat shaky ground. In fact, for many years there has been no strengthening of the evidence in this direction. However, using causal perturbation theory, we prove here that when starting with a local PCT-invariant interaction, PCT symmetry can be maintained in the process of renormalization.

  3. On the assertion that PCT violation implies Lorentz non-invariance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dütsch, Michael; Gracia-Bondía, José M.

    2012-05-01

    Out of conviction or expediency, some current research programs (Kostelecký (2008) [1], Kostelecký and Russell (2011) [2], Ferrero and Altschul (2011) [3], Anselmi (2009) [4]) take for granted that "PCT violation implies violation of Lorentz invariance". We point out that this claim (Greenberg (2002) [5]) is still on somewhat shaky ground. In fact, for many years there has been no strengthening of the evidence in this direction. However, using causal perturbation theory, we prove here that when starting with a local PCT-invariant interaction, PCT symmetry can be maintained in the process of renormalization.

  4. City branding : An effective assertion of identity or a transitory marketing trick?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kavaratzis, M; Ashworth, GJ

    2005-01-01

    Cities throughout Europe are increasingly importing the concept and techniques of product branding for use within place marketing, in pursuit of wider urban management goals, especially within the new conditions created by European integration. However, there is as yet little consensus about the nat

  5. Asserting "Needs" and Claiming "Rights": The Cultural Politics of Community Language Education in England.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hall, Kathleen

    2002-01-01

    Discusses the paradox involved in constructing a language policy: language is invoked as a reified object associated with essentialist constructs of identity to stand for much more complex and changing patterns of language use. Considers this paradox from the perspective of a campaign led by Sikh parents to have Punjabi introduced into curriculum…

  6. Alexithymia, emotion perception, and social assertiveness in adult women with Noonan and Turner syndromes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Roelofs, R.L.; Wingbermühle, P.A.M.; Freriks, K.; Verhaak, C.M.; Kessels, R.P.C.; Egger, J.I.M.

    2015-01-01

    Noonan syndrome (NS) and Turner syndrome (TS) are associated with cognitive problems and difficulties in affective information processing. While both phenotypes include short stature, facial dysmorphisms, and a webbed neck, genetic etiology and neuropsychological phenotype differ significantly. The

  7. Teacher’s asserting premises and possibilities of efficient managerial styles

    OpenAIRE

    Claudiu Marian Bunaiasu

    2014-01-01

    The issue of teacher's managerial styles is unitary approached along with educational styles issue and institutional management styles issue, and is part of the class' managerial dimension. Comparative, educational and managerial styles (of the school manager) have a theoretical history and benefit from validated techniques and tools, whereas teacher's managerial styles issue are about to gain consistency as part of the pedagogical literature, and present researches emphasize their roles in e...

  8. Astute, Assertive, and Alpha-1: Quantifying Empowerment in a Rare Genetic Community

    Science.gov (United States)

    Finn, Symma

    2008-01-01

    We investigated empowerment in the Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency (Alpha-1) community, a rare, genetic disease network in the United States. The research was motivated by nine years of observations in the community. After observing what seemed to be a heightened amount of activism among Alpha-1 community members, I had hypothesized that this…

  9. The kulaks assertion of Mao between the final form of the socialist transformation of agriculture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈君锋

    2013-01-01

    In the transition period, Mao's attitudes to the kulak and kulak economy turned a few degrees. This article at-tempts to elaborate on the whole process of saving the rich peasant economy economically, and remaining neutral kulak politically at the formation beginning of the People's Republic, moreover,this article also analyses its causes, in order to understand the initial conditions of the attitude to the kulak policy conversion.

  10. Personality and facial morphology: Links to assertiveness and neuroticism in capuchins (Sapajus [Cebus] apella)

    OpenAIRE

    Wilson, V; Lefevre, C. E.; Morton, F. B.; Brosnan, S.F.; Paukner, A.; Bates, T C

    2013-01-01

    Personality has important links to health, social status, and life history outcomes (e.g. longevity and reproductive success). Human facial morphology appears to signal aspects of one’s personality to others, raising questions about the evolutionary origins of such associations (e.g. signals of mate quality). Studies in non-human primates may help to achieve this goal: for instance, facial width-to-height ratio (fWHR) in the male face has been associated with dominance not only in humans but ...

  11. Economic Dependence and Unprotected Sex: The Role of Sexual Assertiveness among Young Urban Mothers

    OpenAIRE

    Biello, Katie Brooks; Heather L Sipsma; Ickovics, Jeannette R.; Kershaw, Trace

    2010-01-01

    In the USA, sexual intercourse is the leading route of human immunodeficiency virus transmission among women, primarily through their main partner. Because male condom use is not directly under a woman's control, gender inequalities may help shape this sexual risk behavior. To examine this association, data came from follow-up interviews of young, primarily minority, pregnant women enrolled in a prospective, randomized controlled trial. Specifically, we aimed to determine the relationship bet...

  12. Assertion of environmental interests in administrative proceedings exemplified by general alignment planning

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In his analysis of the proceedings of town and country planning the author shows that the enforcement of environmental interests can be followed in two different ways. The procedural enforcement of environmental interests that is characterized by a direct reference to an individual is obtained primarily through the people concerned by the plan, namely through participation of the public and a complaint to the Administrative Court. The procedural enforcement of environmental interests, however, that lack such an individual reference is carried out by official bodies, that can do so by means of an environmental compatibility test. The amalgamation in respect to form and contents between those two segmences of proceedings and the resulting control mechanism has already been mentioned. (orig./HSCH)

  13. On the assertion that PCT violation implies Lorentz non-invariance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Out of conviction or expediency, some current research programs (Kostelecký (2008) , Kostelecký and Russell (2011) , Ferrero and Altschul (2011) , Anselmi (2009) ) take for granted that “PCT violation implies violation of Lorentz invariance”. We point out that this claim (Greenberg (2002) ) is still on somewhat shaky ground. In fact, for many years there has been no strengthening of the evidence in this direction. However, using causal perturbation theory, we prove here that when starting with a local PCT-invariant interaction, PCT symmetry can be maintained in the process of renormalization.

  14. The Effectiveness of Group Assertiveness Training on Happiness in Rural Adolescent Females with Substance Abusing Parents

    OpenAIRE

    Hojjat, Seyed Kaveh; Golmakani, Ebrahim; Khalili, Mina Norozi; Chenarani, Maryam Shakeri; Hamidi, Mahin; Akaberi, Arash; Ardani, Amir Rezaei

    2015-01-01

    Background: Parental substance abuse confronts children with a variety of psychological, social, and behavioral problems. Children of substance abusing parents show higher levels of psychiatric disorders including anxiety and depression and exert lower levels of communication skills. Weak social skills in this group of adolescents put them at a higher risk for substance abuse. Many studies showed school based interventions such as life skill training can effective on future substance abusing ...

  15. LEVEL OF SELF-RESPECT AND ASSERTIVENESS SKILLS AND TEACHERS’ EDUCATIONAL COMPETENCES

    OpenAIRE

    Romanowska-Tolloczko Anna; Nowak Agata; Gnitecka Jolanta

    2015-01-01

    Цель : Определение уровня самооценки и уверенности в себе учителей. Определение существования связи между измеряемыми элементами и корреляции образовательных компетенций. Материал и методы: исследовательская группа состояла из 275 учителей различных предметов, работающих в начальных школах. Были использованы: польская адаптация шкалы оценки SES M.Rosenberga, анкета уверенности - шкала «Я и другие» P.Majewicza, а также анкета исследования профессиональных компетенций учителя Романовской-Толлоч...

  16. A study of coolant thermal mixing within CANDU fuel bundles using ASSERT-PV

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper presents the results of a study of the thermal mixing of single-phase coolant in 28-element CANDU fuel bundles. The approach taken in the present work is to identify the physical mechanisms contributing to coolant mixing, and to systematically assess the importance of each mechanism. Coupled effects were also considered by flow simulation with mixing mechanisms modelled simultaneously. For the limited range of operating conditions considered and when all mixing mechanisms were modelled simultaneously, the flow was found to be very close to fully mixed. A preliminary model of coolant mixing, suitable for use in the fuel and fuel channel code FACTAR, is also presented. (author)

  17. Applications: fission, nuclear reactors. Safety, its importance assertion and its implementation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The various safety levels for nuclear reactors are reviewed: the first one is related to the quality of design, the second one to the assurance of quality during operation, the third one to the safety measures limiting the system and material failure consequences, the fourth one to the management of severe accidents, and the fifth one to the population safety measures. In parallel to these deterministic measures, probabilistic studies have been also undertaken in order to evaluate risks dealing with the core fusion, radioactive product release and effects on population. Safety is also concerned with material and electronic material ageing, software reliability, fire risks and diphasic thermohydraulics

  18. Sweden and the making of nuclear non-proliferation: from indecision to assertiveness

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Swedish research on nuclear weapons started at a modest scale in 1945 but was soon expanded. By the early 1950s the research programme started to face some of the problems that were going to accompany it for the rest of its life: different priorities and cost-estimates were made by the sectors that wanted to develop nuclear energy and those working on the bomb. Moreover, an introduction of nuclear weapons would lead to a major redistribution of resources to the disadvantage of the navy and army. The public and political debates intensified during the 1950s and culminated in 1960. At first, pro-nuclear voices had been strongest but were soon challenged by interest groups, unions and peace movements. 1960, a committee within the government had established a compromise: Nuclear weapons research for production of weapons would be terminated, while research on the consequences of nuclear weapons would continue. It was a cosmetic decision that could cover for a continued research on weapons design. Nevertheless, there are some general qualities from the debates that indicate why the outcome was that Sweden signed the NPT in 1968. First, the number of interested persons, groups movements and party politicians engaged in the issue increased every time the issue came up. Secondly, the segments of society that supported the nuclear option remained roughly the same. No strong movements rallied to the defence of this position. On the other hand, the anti-nuclear wing received more and more followers. Third, there was a marked tendency by virtually all actors (except the military) to include every sign of progress in international disarmament and non-proliferation efforts as arguments against Swedish proliferation. Since 1968, the non-proliferation choice has ben manifested through Sweden''s adherence to the NPT and this has been accompanied by a strong commitment to other non-proliferation initiatives

  19. An Assertional Proof System for Multithreaded Java - Theory and Tool Support

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Abraham, E.

    2005-01-01

    Besides the features of a class-based object-oriented language, Java integrates concurrency via its thread classes, allowing for a multithreaded flow of control. The concurrency model includes shared-variable concurrency via instance variables, coordination via reentrant synchronization monitors, s

  20. On the asserted clash between the Freud and the Bianchi identities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Antoci, S.

    1995-09-01

    Through a constructive method it is shown that the claim advanced in recent times about a clash that should occur between the Freud and the Bianchi identities in Einstein's general theory of relativity is based on a faulty argument.

  1. On the Asserted Clash between the Freud and the Bianchi Identities

    CERN Document Server

    Antoci, S

    1995-01-01

    Through a constructive method it is shown that the claim advanced in recent times about a clash that should occur between the Freud and the Bianchi identities in Einstein's general theory of relativity is based on a faulty argument.

  2. Use of routine outcome monitoring data for evaluating assertive community treatment

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    H.E. Kortrijk (Hans Erik)

    2013-01-01

    textabstractThis thesis presents data on outcomes in patients with a severe mental illness (SMI) treated in ACT-teams, and is organized into five successive parts. Part I states our underlying contention and sets out our theoretical orientation. For readability purposes, Part I starts with discussin

  3. A description of the semiotic metaphor in biology teaching: assertions about the animal cell

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marlon Dantas Trevisan

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available The main objective of this survey is describing signly the metaphor learning resource, with focus on biology education. Our teorical reference is the peircean semiotics, because it means solid heritage to code surveys implicated at science education, it led us to do an explanation about the main lines about that reference, addressed to researchers and lecturers interested in those reasonings. In the description yearned, another objectives appear: demonstrate diferences between metaphor/analogy and pragmatic analogy; to list metaphors, from cell representation analysis, and argue about principals diferences and probable cognitive consequences between the metaphor event in the visual representation and speech sentences. Therefore we analysed the animal cell of a high school first grade studying book – biology – cell biology – used by São Paulo and another state students. The findings demonstrate the undeniable importance of the metaphor as a learning tool in the biology education, and new findings about that, such as its limits in the concept elaboration, gnosiologic consequences for receptioning, the search needs for propositions– pictures between concept relations – in the science speech construction, and other results.

  4. A description of the semiotic metaphor in biology teaching: assertions about the animal cell

    OpenAIRE

    Marlon Dantas Trevisan; Marcelo Carbone Carneiro

    2010-01-01

    The main objective of this survey is describing signly the metaphor learning resource, with focus on biology education. Our teorical reference is the peircean semiotics, because it means solid heritage to code surveys implicated at science education, it led us to do an explanation about the main lines about that reference, addressed to researchers and lecturers interested in those reasonings. In the description yearned, another objectives appear: demonstrate diferences between metaphor/analo...

  5. Sexual assertiveness in low-income African American women: unwanted sex, survival, and HIV risk.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whyte Iv, James

    2006-01-01

    The objective of this study was to determine the relationship of social variables related to sexual relationships in African American women. The study used a quantitative descriptive design to gather data from a convenience sample of 524 African American women aged 18 to 49 who dwelled in the southeastern United States. The study utilized the HIV Risk Behavior Questionnaire to determine the participant's level of HIV risk. Results indicated substantial levels of sex in the women due to violence or fear of violence, relationship loss, lost shelter, and high levels of unwanted sex. There was a positive correlation between level of survival sex and high-risk behavior (R = .651, p definition of HIV-related risk in high-risk populations. PMID:17064233

  6. The Diet Cola Man and Other Fantasies: Sexual Assertiveness or Harassment?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Floerchinger, Debra

    1995-01-01

    The literature of sexual harassment, particularly on college campuses, is reviewed. Topics discussed include definition of sexual harassment, legal implications, the role of individual perceptions, victim and peer response to harassment, and development of institutional policy and strategies for combatting harassment. A substantial bibliography is…

  7. The Role of Science in the Information Society asserted in CERN conference

    CERN Multimedia

    2004-01-01

    A key objective of the RSIS conference (CERN, 8-9 December) was to respond to a challenge made by the UN Secretary-General, Kofi Annan, last March, when he called on the world's scientists to work with the United Nations to extend the benefits of modern science to developing countries. In hosting the Role of Science in the Information Society (RSIS) conference, CERN took a bold step forward into the policy arena. The conference, which was organised jointly by CERN, UNESCO, the International Council for Science, and the Third World Academy of Sciences, was held at CERN on 8-9 December as a Summit Event to the first phase of the World Summit on the Information Society (Geneva, 10-12 December). "This event has helped to develop a vision for how information and communication technologies can be applied for the greater benefit of all," said Luciano Maiani, Director General of CERN until the end of 2003, who gave a summary of the conference. The globalisation of the information society has the...

  8. Sweden and the making of nuclear non-proliferation: from indecision to assertiveness

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dassen, L. van [Uppsala Univ. (Sweden). Dept. of Peace and Conflict Research

    1998-03-01

    Swedish research on nuclear weapons started at a modest scale in 1945 but was soon expanded. By the early 1950s the research programme started to face some of the problems that were going to accompany it for the rest of its life: different priorities and cost-estimates were made by the sectors that wanted to develop nuclear energy and those working on the bomb. Moreover, an introduction of nuclear weapons would lead to a major redistribution of resources to the disadvantage of the navy and army. The public and political debates intensified during the 1950s and culminated in 1960. At first, pro-nuclear voices had been strongest but were soon challenged by interest groups, unions and peace movements. 1960, a committee within the government had established a compromise: Nuclear weapons research for production of weapons would be terminated, while research on the consequences of nuclear weapons would continue. It was a cosmetic decision that could cover for a continued research on weapons design. Nevertheless, there are some general qualities from the debates that indicate why the outcome was that Sweden signed the NPT in 1968. First, the number of interested persons, groups movements and party politicians engaged in the issue increased every time the issue came up. Secondly, the segments of society that supported the nuclear option remained roughly the same. No strong movements rallied to the defence of this position. On the other hand, the anti-nuclear wing received more and more followers. Third, there was a marked tendency by virtually all actors (except the military) to include every sign of progress in international disarmament and non-proliferation efforts as arguments against Swedish proliferation. Since 1968, the non-proliferation choice has ben manifested through Sweden``s adherence to the NPT and this has been accompanied by a strong commitment to other non-proliferation initiatives. Refs.

  9. Correlated biased random walk with latency in one and two dimensions: Asserting patterned and unpredictable movement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodriguez-Horta, E.; Estevez-Rams, E.; Lora-Serrano, R.; Fernández, B. Aragón

    2016-09-01

    The correlated biased random walk with latency in one and two dimensions is discussed with regard to the portion of irreducible random movement and structured movement. It is shown how a quantitative analysis can be carried out by using computational mechanics. The stochastic matrix for both dynamics are reported. Latency introduces new states in the finite state machine description of the system in both dimensions, allowing for a full nearest neighbor coordination in the two dimensional case. Complexity analysis is used to characterize the movement, independently of the set of control parameters, making it suitable for the discussion of other random walk models. The complexity map of the system dynamics is reported for the two dimensional case.

  10. Asserting or Deflecting Expertise? Exploring the Rhetorical Practices of Master's Theses in the Philosophy of Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peters, Stephen

    2011-01-01

    This paper is a preliminary investigation into how the context of student life influences student writing. Specifically, activity theory is drawn upon to explore how the role of assessment affects students' attempts to participate in knowledge-producing communities, a relatively under-researched aspect of student writing. To identify rhetorical…

  11. States of the Business Concepts Model: Structural Assertions' Impact on Natural Language Business Rules

    OpenAIRE

    Svensson, Björn; van Biert, Lucas

    2014-01-01

    Organizations constantly need to adapt to the rapidly changing macro environment. Information systems, that hinder and restrain flexibility, may jeopardize the ability for organizations to survive. A new method for developing information systems called the Business Rules Approach has emerged with promises of business agility. The Business Rules Approach focuses on business rules which are reliant on a Business Concepts Model for their structure and vocabulary. This paper examines the rela...

  12. QoS Assertion in MANET Routing based on Trusted AODV (ST-AODV

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sridhar Subramanian

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Mobile ad hoc network is a standalone network capab le of autonomous operation where nodes communicate with each other without the need of any existing infrastructure. They are self configuring , autonomous, quickly deployable and operate without infrastructure. Mobile ad hoc networks consist of nodes that cooperate to provide connectivity and ar e free to move and organize randomly. Every node is router or an end host, in general autonomous and sh ould be capable of routing traffic as destination nodes sometimes might be out of range. Nodes are mo bile since topology is very dynamic and they have limited energy and computing resources . These nodes are often vulnerable to failure thus m aking mobile ad hoc networks open to threats and attacks. Commun ication in MANET relies on mutual trust between the participating nodes but the features of MANET m ake this hard. Nodes sometimes fail to transmit and start dropping packets during the transmission. Suc h nodes are responsible for untrustworthy routing. A trust based scheme can be used to track these untru stworthy nodes and isolate them from routing, thus provide trustworthiness. In this paper a trusted AO DV (ST-AODV protocol is presented which assigns a trust value for each node. Nodes are allowed to par ticipate in routing based on their trust values. A threshold value is assigned and if the nodes trust value is greater than this value its marked as trustworthy node and allowed to participate in rout ing else the node is marked untrustworthy. The ST- AODV increases PDR and decreases delay thereby enha ncing the QoS metrics and trustworthiness in AODV based MANET routing. The work is implemented a nd simulated on NS-2. The simulation result shows the proposed ST-AODV provides more trustworth y routing compared with general AODV in presence of packet dropping nodes in MANET.

  13. Verification of Correspondence Assertions in a Calculus for Mobile Ad Hoc Networks

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hüttel, Hans; Kühnrich, Morten; Godskesen, Jens Christian

    2009-01-01

    We introduce a novel process calculus called DBSPI (distributed broadcast SPI-calculus) which models mobile ad hoc networks (MANET). The calculus is a cryptographic broadcast calculus with locations and migration. Communication and migration are limited to neighborhoods. Neighborhood definitions...... and it is shown to be sound, i.e. protocols which are typeable are also safe. This result is lifted to open systems which involves Dolev-Yao attackers. Our Dolev-Yao attacker may use public keys for encryption and can attack any neighborhood it wishes. Our technique is applied to the Mobile IP registration...

  14. "Being Underdog": Supporting Nonnative English-Speaking Teachers (NNESTs) in Claiming and Asserting Professional Legitimacy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reis, D. S.

    2012-01-01

    The author reports on a case study investigating how one nonnative English-speaking teacher (NNEST) struggled to claim professional legitimacy as a university-level ESL writing instructor. Using Vygotskian sociocultural theory (Vygotsky, 1978, 1986; Wertsch, 1985) and Bucholtz and Hall's (2005) indexicality principle, the author explores the…

  15. Asserting the Right to Play. Women’s Football in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brus, Anne Birgitte; Trangbæk, Else

    2004-01-01

    In 1970 the Danish Football club Boldklubben Femina (BK Femina) became unofficial world champions. The success of BK Femina women's football team was not a coincidence and should be placed in the context of a ten-year struggle to have football accepted as a sport for women in Denmark. This essay...... examines three consecutive periods in Danish women's football: the establishment of women's football in Denmark before 1970; the time of women's admission to the Danish Football Association (DBU) in 1970–72; and finally, the development of women's football in the DBU from 1972 to 2002....

  16. INFLUENCING MECHANISMS – PERSUASION, ASSERTION AND BRIDGING – KEY SKILLS FOR A SUCCESSFUL SALES MANAGER

    OpenAIRE

    Gabriel TOADER

    2011-01-01

    In any relationship, both parties have power which will ebb and flow over time. The manager needs to understand the types of power they have, the power available to his organizational network and the power available to his clients. The manager will not necessarily have line control over the internal – organizational – resources and therefore will need to influence individuals and departments to support their external main clients. Before exploring the different types of influence it is import...

  17. [Assertive community treatment: promoting engagement with care of people suffering severe addiction].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morandi, Stéphane; Silva, Benedetta; Monnat, Martine; Bonsack, Charles

    2016-06-01

    Despite the increasing number of specialized addiction services and the constant deployment of health care resources, a coordinated needs-based treatment is not always available for people with severe drugs and/or alcohol problems. Too often the involved health care professionals feel helpless and overwhelmed by the complexity of the situation. In order to promote the treatment engagement of the hard-to-reach substance users, a multidisciplinary mobile team project for addiction (SIMA) was developed in Lausanne, Switzerland, in 20174. This paper describes the model of intervention, the profile of the population followed during the first year of intervention and illustrates, through two clinical cases, the advantages of this approach. PMID:27451516

  18. Assertive and Responsive Conversational Skills of Italian-Speaking Late Talkers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bonifacio, Serena; Girolametto, Luigi; Bulligan, Manuela; Callegari, Monica; Vignola, Sandra; Zocconi, Elisabetta

    2007-01-01

    Background: Previous research on the pragmatic abilities of late talkers at 24 months of age indicates that they have difficulties initiating conversational interactions, but possess intact responsiveness skills. This study uses a parent-administered questionnaire for evaluating the conversational skills of late talkers and suggesting pragmatic…

  19. Apples and Oranges: Comparing Assertions of SEPs and Differentiating Patents from an Antitrust Perspective

    OpenAIRE

    Jay Jurata; Adya Baker

    2015-01-01

    Avoiding confusion between SEPs and differentiating patents is critical to ensuring that the goals of both the antitrust and patent systems are achieved. Jay Jurata & Adya Baker (Orrick, Herrington & Sutcliffe LLP)

  20. Psychosocial child adjustment and family functioning in families reached with an assertive outreach intervention

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    C. Rots-de Vries; I. van de Goor; K. Stronks; H. Garretsen

    2011-01-01

    Families who experience a chronic complex of socio-economic and psychosocial problems are hard to reach with mainstream care. Evidence exists that the core of this problem is a problematic interaction between this type of family and current systems of care and services. To improve access to problem

  1. News for Consumer Citizens: Corporate Pressure, Political Criticism and Middle Class Assertion in the Indian Media

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ursula Rao

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Mass media have always played a crucial role for negotiating the image of the nation. This holds true also for India. My article reflects changes in the Indian media market and examines how reshaped media outlets contribute towards generating fresh images of the nation for public consumption. The focus is on English language newspapers which are consumed by the growing Indian middle classes. How do newspapers influence the relation between commerce and politics and shape its public images? The case study elaborates the role journalists play towards shaping a public culture that devalues politics and hails consumerism. I argue that in a high pressure corporate environment reporters find a new voice as political commentators while accommodating within a discursive formation that promotes positive thinking about corporations, markets and commodities. News articles are an uneasy compromise that implement companies’ directives, realise a critical political ethos and expresse a longing for a new India.

  2. Use of Statechart Assertions for Modeling Human-in-the-Loop Security Analysis and Decision-Making Processes

    OpenAIRE

    Schumann, Michael A.

    2012-01-01

    Processes are a fundamental component of most activities undertaken by humans. In software engineering and information assurance, in particular, it is important that processes be understandable, documented, and repeatable so as to ensure that the process outcomes are consistent and predictable. This dissertation provides a novel approach to process creation, documentation, checking, and maintenance that applies mathematical formalism to the engineering of processes that rely in large measure ...

  3. Perceptions of coercion in the community: a qualitative study of patients in a Danish assertive community treatment team

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thøgersen, Marie Høgh; Morthorst, Britt; Nordentoft, Merete

    2010-01-01

    conducted with six purposefully selected patients and analysed using thematic analysis. Patients reported lack of influence on treatment process and a poor alliance with case-mangers, not being recognised as an autonomous person, and experiences of staff crossing the line and intruding privacy, as most...... central to perceptions of coercion. A collaborative and mutually trusting relationship, commitment, persistence and availability of staff, and recognition of the need for social support and help with everyday activities, were most important for counteracting such experiences. Perceptions of coercion were...... not emphasised in patients' account of their engagement with ACT, and generally only related to patients' initial contact with ACT staff. The study suggests that developing mental health practices that enhance the formation of a therapeutic relationship with patients will minimize circumstances that induce...

  4. Analysis on the Level of Assertiveness of the Athletes Took Part in Eliminations for Adults Taekwondo National Team

    OpenAIRE

    Taner YILMAZ; Mehmet ACET; Metin ŞAHİN; CANBAZ, Muammer

    2015-01-01

    Atılgan olmayı birçok faktör etkileyebilir. Kadının geleneksel kız kardeş ve bakıcı rolü zaman zaman onun katı ve otoriter davranarak saldırgan olmasına, zaman zamanda pasif davranmasına neden olmaktadır. Bu çalışmanın amacı 2014 yılı Türkiye büyükler taekwondo milli takım seçmelerine katılan sporcuların atılganlık düzeylerinin incelenmesidir. Bu araştırmaya; yaş ortalaması 20,39 olan 56 bayan sporcu ve yaş ortalaması 21,12 olan 106 erkek sporcu katılmıştır. Toplam 162 katılımcının atılganlık...

  5. Perceptions of coercion in the community: a qualitative study of patients in a Danish assertive community treatment team

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thøgersen, Marie Høgh; Morthorst, Britt; Nordentoft, Merete

    2010-01-01

    conducted with six purposefully selected patients and analysed using thematic analysis. Patients reported lack of influence on treatment process and a poor alliance with case-mangers, not being recognised as an autonomous person, and experiences of staff crossing the line and intruding privacy, as most...... central to perceptions of coercion. A collaborative and mutually trusting relationship, commitment, persistence and availability of staff, and recognition of the need for social support and help with everyday activities, were most important for counteracting such experiences. Perceptions of coercion were...... perceptions of coercion. ACT, with its engaged and committed staff with sufficient time, focusing on social and practical issues, is successful in facilitating such a contact, as experienced by patients....

  6. An implication of Gödel's incompleteness theorem II: Not referring to the validity of oneself's assertion

    OpenAIRE

    Kitada, Hitoshi

    2011-01-01

    In [10] we reviewed Gödel's incompleteness theorem and gave a new proof along with an application which leads to a contradiction when applying the Gödel's discussion to the set theory ZFC itself. We stated a possible solution to avoid contradiction by removing the self-reference by appealing to the axiomatic formulation of a theory with referring to its validity in no explicit ways. We will in this paper give a more specific possible solution that one can avoid the Gödel typ...

  7. Sexual Revictimization during Women's First Year of College: Self-Blame and Sexual Refusal Assertiveness as Possible Mechanisms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Katz, Jennifer; May, Pamela; Sorensen, Silvia; DelTosta, Jill

    2010-01-01

    Although sexual victimization during adolescence increases risk for later revictimization, mechanisms for increased risk among new college students have not been identified. Female undergraduates (N = 87) were assessed at the start and end of their first academic year. Those who reported initial sexual victimization at Time 1 were more likely than…

  8. It's Not About the Failure of Catholic Schools: Its About Demographic Transformations; More Assertions Not Backed By Data.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baker, David P.; Riordan, Cornelius; Greeley, Andrew

    1999-01-01

    Baker and Riordan express disappointment with Father Greeley's sharp comments concerning their September 1998 "Kappan" article. Their major point was that 1990s Catholic schools are no longer educating the disadvantaged, due to changing demographics. Father Greeley's second rebuttal deplores Baker and Riordan's gratuitous scholarship and…

  9. The monastery of St.Benedict of Cástris as a space of assertion and power: from the mystic marriage to musical praxis

    OpenAIRE

    Conde, Antónia Fialho; Lalanda, Margarida Sá Nogueira

    2015-01-01

    The life in contemplative female communities was characterized by the ideal of purity fostered in the monasteries and based on the vows of chastity, poverty and obedience, reinforced by the cloistered life. Especially from the Council of Trent, in Portugal as in Europe, its compliance underlines the paradigms of virtue: the religious woman should be unique in patience, humility, mortification, piety and charity. In this environment, increasingly demanding since the late Middle Ages, betting o...

  10. Comparison of Changes in Bone Density and Turnover with Abacavir-Lamivudine versus Tenofovir-Emtricitabine in HIV-Infected Adults : 48-Week Results from the ASSERT Study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Stellbrink, Hans-Juergen; Orkin, Chloe; Arribas, Jose Ramon; Compston, Juliet; Gerstoft, Jan; Van Wijngaerden, Eric; Lazzarin, Adriano; Rizzardini, Giuliano; Sprenger, Herman G.; Lambert, John; Sture, Gunta; Leather, David; Hughes, Sara; Zucchi, Patrizia; Pearce, Helen

    2010-01-01

    Background. Abacavir-lamivudine and tenofovir DF-emtricitabine fixed-dose combinations are commonly used as first-line antiretroviral therapies. However, few studies have comprehensively compared their relative safety profiles. Methods. In this European, multicenter, open-label, 96-week study, antir

  11. ASSERT - The Autism Symptom SElf-ReporT for adolescents and adults: Bifactor analysis and validation in a large adolescent population

    OpenAIRE

    Posserud, Maj-Britt Rocio; Breivik, Kyrre; Gillberg, Christopher; Lundervold, Astri

    2013-01-01

    With a view to developing a brief screening instrument for autism symptoms in a general population of adolescents, seven items from the Asperger syndrome (and high-functioning autism) diagnostic interview were adapted for use as self-report in an online questionnaire for youths aged 16–19 years (N = 10,220). The selected items target lack of social understanding (4 items) and rigid and repetitive behavior and interests (RRBI; 3 items). Factor analyses were performed, and the seven items were ...

  12. Does ductal lavage assert its role as a noninvasive diagnostic modality to identify women at low risk of breast cancer development?

    OpenAIRE

    Konstandiadou, Ioanna; Mastoraki, Aikaterini; Kotsilianou, Olympia; Karakitsos, Petros; Athanasas, George; Smyrniotis, Vasilios; Arkadopoulos, Nikolaos

    2012-01-01

    Objective Ductal lavage (DL) involves evaluation of the ductal system of the breast for detection of intra-ductal carcinomas and precursor lesions by collecting breast epithelial cells using a small-gauge catheter inserted into a ductal orifice on the nipple. The aim of this survey was to analyze cytologic features of samples obtained from low-risk women with DL and to elucidate the efficacy of this diagnostic modality in evaluating fluid production, cannulating and determining atypical breas...

  13. Does ductal lavage assert its role as a noninvasive diagnostic modality to identify women at low risk of breast cancer development?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Konstandiadou, Ioanna; Kotsilianou, Olympia; Karakitsos, Petros; Athanasas, George; Smyrniotis, Vasilios; Arkadopoulos, Nikolaos

    2012-01-01

    Objective Ductal lavage (DL) involves evaluation of the ductal system of the breast for detection of intra-ductal carcinomas and precursor lesions by collecting breast epithelial cells using a small-gauge catheter inserted into a ductal orifice on the nipple. The aim of this survey was to analyze cytologic features of samples obtained from low-risk women with DL and to elucidate the efficacy of this diagnostic modality in evaluating fluid production, cannulating and determining atypical breast epithelial cells. Methods Into this prospective study were consecutively registered 80 women between ages 28 to 67. Nipple aspiration was performed to identify all fluid-yielding ducts. According to the grading of specific features the interpretation of the sample included: normal/benign (category, 0), mild atypical (category, I), markedly atypical (category, II) or malignant (category, III) disorders. Results Ninety five percent (316/334) of the nipple aspirate fluid samples were classified as category 0, 4.8% (16/334) as category I and 0.2% (2/334) as category II changes. Category III disorders were not detected. Therefore, in 80% of the women examined results were within normal limits while 17.5% of the participants presented mild atypical and 2.5% markedly atypical rates. Conclusion DL collection procedure proved to be rapid as well as acceptable by the women studied. It retains the advantage over other methods of nipple aspirate fluid in that it is easy to perform, thereby removing most clinician variability. It also helped low risk women to discriminate those with breast disorders that require additional investigation, further follow-up or administration of preventive medication. PMID:22523627

  14. Relaciones interpersonales adecuadas mediante una comunicación y conducta asertivas / Adequate human relationships through an assertive conducts and communication

    OpenAIRE

    Naranjo Pereira, María Luisa

    2008-01-01

    Resumen: Este artículo trata sobre la comunicación y la conducta asertivas como habilidades sociales, las cuales pueden ser desarrolladas y, de esta forma, mejorar el desempeño en las relaciones interpersonales. Se presentan diversas concepciones teóricas acerca de la asertividad, entendida básicamente como autoafirmación personal, la capacidad de respetar los derechos propios y los ajenos, y poder expresar de manera apropiada los sentimientos y pensamientos sin producir angustia o agresivida...

  15. Comparison of changes in bone density and turnover with abacavir-lamivudine versus tenofovir-emtricitabine in HIV-infected adults: 48-week results from the ASSERT study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stellbrink, Hans-Jürgen; Orkin, Chloe; Arribas, Jose Ramon;

    2010-01-01

    Abacavir-lamivudine and tenofovir DF-emtricitabine fixed-dose combinations are commonly used as first-line antiretroviral therapies. However, few studies have comprehensively compared their relative safety profiles....

  16. Heparin-Based Coacervate of FGF2 Improves Dermal Regeneration by Asserting a Synergistic Role with Cell Proliferation and Endogenous Facilitated VEGF for Cutaneous Wound Healing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Jiang; Ye, Jingjing; Zhu, Jingjing; Xiao, Zecong; He, Chaochao; Shi, Hongxue; Wang, Yadong; Lin, Cai; Zhang, Hongyu; Zhao, Yingzheng; Fu, Xiaobing; Chen, Hong; Li, Xiaokun; Li, Lin; Zheng, Jie; Xiao, Jian

    2016-06-13

    Effective wound healing requires complicated, coordinated interactions and responses at protein, cellular, and tissue levels involving growth factor expression, cell proliferation, wound closure, granulation tissue formation, and vascularization. In this study, we develop a heparin-based coacervate consisting of poly(ethylene argininylaspartate digylceride) (PEAD) as a storage matrix, heparin as a bridge, and fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF2) as a cargo (namely heparin-FGF2@PEAD) for wound healing. First, in vitro characterization demonstrates the loading efficiency and control release of FGF2 from the heparin-FGF2@PEAD coacervate. The following in vivo studies examine the wound healing efficiency of the heparin-FGF2@PEAD coacervate upon delivering FGF2 to full-thickness excisional skin wounds in vivo, in comparison with the other three control groups with saline, heparin@PEAD as vehicle, and free FGF2. Collective in vivo data show that controlled release of FGF2 to the wounds by the coacervate significantly accelerates the wound healing by promoting cell proliferation, stimulating the secretion of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) for re-epithelization, collagen deposition, and granulation tissue formation, and enhancing the expression of platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule (CD31) and alpha-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) for blood vessel maturation. In parallel, no obvious wound healing effect is found for the control, vehicle, and free FGF2 groups, indicating the important role of the coavervate in the wound healing process. This work designs a suitable delivery system that can protect and release FGF2 in a sustained and controlled manner, which provides a promising therapeutic potential for topical treatment of wounds.

  17. Debunking 'race' and asserting social determinants as primary causes of cancer health disparities: outcomes of a science education activity for teens.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Márquez-Magaña, Leticia; Samayoa, Cathy; Umanzor, Carol

    2013-06-01

    Cancer health disparities are often described as the unequal burden of cancer deaths in one racial/ethnic group compared to another. For example, national cancer statistics in the USA shows that Blacks die the most for 9 of the top 10 cancers in men and women. When asked about the underlying causes for this disparity, teen participants speculated that it is primarily due to genetics or biology. This speculation appears to be based on a false concept of 'race.' A science activity was created to counter the false concept that genetics/biology underlie the categorization of humans into different 'races.' This activity provided teen participants with first-hand evidence of how they are all related at one genetic locus, and how they are more genetically related across racial/ethnic groups than within them. Results of surveys given before and after the activity show that they change their perceptions of 'race.' Before the activity, they view themselves as most related at the genetic level to 1-2 well-known individuals (i.e., celebrities) who they perceive as members of their own 'race' mainly because of similar appearance. After the activity, they view themselves as related to more/all the celebrities or they state that they do not know to whom they are most related. This increased awareness of the uncertainty between the apparent 'race' of an individual and their genetics drives teens to dismiss genetics or biology as the primary cause of racial/ethnic disparities in cancer outcomes. Instead, they consider the unequal distribution of the social determinants of health as the primary cause of cancer disparities.

  18. "He is still unwanted": women's assertions of authority over abortion in letters to the Royal Commission on the Status of Women in Canada.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stettner, Shannon

    2012-01-01

    Throughout the 1960s, the public abortion debate was dominated by men. While women's voices were not absent, they are harder to locate. This article highlights one forum in which women eloquently expressed their feelings about abortion. In submissions to the Royal Commission on the Status of Women in Canada, women demonstrated their "right" to speak on the issue in many ways, including by sharing their experiences as mothers or with unplanned and unwanted pregnancies; referencing their professional lives, especially in care giving fields; and drawing moral authority from or opposing religious beliefs. This article analyzes women's efforts to convey their authority to speak to the legality of abortion, highlighting a component of the 1960s abortion law reform discussion often overlooked. PMID:22849255

  19. Five-Year Cohort Study of Nosema spp. in Germany: Does Climate Shape Virulence and Assertiveness of Nosema ceranae?▿ †

    OpenAIRE

    Gisder, Sebastian; Hedtke, Kati; Möckel, Nadine; Frielitz, Marie-Charlotte; Linde, Andreas; Genersch, Elke

    2010-01-01

    Nosema ceranae and Nosema apis are two fungal pathogens belonging to the phylum Microsporidia and infecting the European honeybee, Apis mellifera. Recent studies have suggested that N. ceranae is more virulent than N. apis both at the individual insect level and at the colony level. Severe colony losses could be attributed to N. ceranae infections, and an unusual form of nosemosis is caused by this pathogen. In the present study, data from a 5-year cohort study of the prevalence of Nosema spp...

  20. Acceptability of Behavioral Bully Interventions: Mexican Descent and White American Elementary School Students' Ratings of Assertiveness and Seeking Adult Help Skills

    OpenAIRE

    Healey, Devin J

    2008-01-01

    Research has demonstrated the effectiveness of school-based interventions for children to use to deal with being bullied. However, the research has not looked at the effectiveness of these interventions for Latino students. These students come to school with different cultural experiences and values. In theory, treatment that is evaluated as acceptable and potentially effective is more likely to be used. This study investigates and compares the treatment acceptability ratings of White America...

  1. China-Russia relations in Central Asia. Energy policy, Beijing's new assertiveness and 21{sup st} century geopolitics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Eder, Thomas Stephan [Wien Univ. (Austria). Inst. fuer Ostasienwissenschaften

    2014-07-01

    Publication in the field of social sciences. As China rises to global power status, its relations with other major powers, including Russia, are constantly renegotiated. Energy figures prominently in both countries' foreign policy. An extensive analysis of Chinese language sources - academic debate 1997-2012 - confirms a collision of interests over Central Asian reserves. While unanimous appeals to compromise render previous predictions of impending confrontation unconvincing, descriptions of Sino-Central Asian energy relations as ''central to energy security'', and the explicit rejection of a Russian ''sphere of influence'', also exclude a retreat. In the long term, China will likely replace Russia as the dominant force in Central Asia's energy sector, causing the Kremlin to perceive another ''encroachment''. The current notion of a ''strategic partnership'' will inevitably be challenged.

  2. Non-assertive Meaning Affirmative Sentence in English%英语中非肯定意义的肯定句

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈彦捷

    2011-01-01

    In the English expression, some affirmative form sentences express negative meaning, these non-affirmative meaning affirmative sentences generally have a negative meaning word or phrase to express its negative meaning according to complete negative and local negative.%在英语表示中,有些形式上是肯定句的句子却表达否定的意义,这些非肯定意义的肯定句按完全否定意义与局部否定意义的不同,一般都会有表示否定意义的词,词组或习惯表示法等表示其否定意义.

  3. NF ISO 14064-3. Greenhouse gases. - Part 3: specifications with guidance for the validation and verification of greenhouse gas assertions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This document describes methodology for validation and monitoring of inventories or projects. Thus it suggests a framework to facilitate the granting of credits and changes relating to greenhouse gas emission reduction or deletions increases. It provides a definition of the terms used, the principles, the ethical conduct, the validation and verification requirements. (A.L.B.)

  4. Comparison of changes in bone density and turnover with abacavir-lamivudine versus tenofovir-emtricitabine in HIV-infected adults: 48-week results from the ASSERT study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stellbrink, Hans-Jürgen; Orkin, Chloe; Arribas, Jose Ramon;

    2010-01-01

    Abacavir-lamivudine and tenofovir DF-emtricitabine fixed-dose combinations are commonly used as first-line antiretroviral therapies. However, few studies have comprehensively compared their relative safety profiles.......Abacavir-lamivudine and tenofovir DF-emtricitabine fixed-dose combinations are commonly used as first-line antiretroviral therapies. However, few studies have comprehensively compared their relative safety profiles....

  5. 对水利事业单位固定资产计提折旧的探讨%Discuss on Capital Asserts Depreciation in Water Conservancy Institutions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    施昭

    2008-01-01

    随着市场经济的发展和事业单位分类改革的推进,事业单位固定资产损耗补偿的局限性越来越大,已经无法满足单位发展和资产管理的要求.在对原有的事业单位固定资产损耗补偿制度进行利弊分析的基础上,提出了对事业单位固定资产计提折旧的建议.

  6. The relationship of capital asserts devaluation and total depreciation%浅议固定资产减值准备与累计折旧的关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王燕; 陈一华

    2003-01-01

    @@ 玻璃行业的固定资产一般数额较大,使用寿命较长.根据会计"持续经营"这一假设,固定资产不需要在短期内变现,是以历史成本为计价基础的.一般情况下其帐面价值不考虑市价变动影响.事实上,固定资产和存货、短期投资一样,时刻面临价值减损的风险,有可能削弱其产生未来经济利益的能力,同时,在科学技术高速发展的今天,企业固定资产的更新也越来越快,这就要求我们及时反映固定资产的现行价值,提高会计信息质量.

  7. ASERTIVNН ZPŮSOB KOMUNIKACE

    OpenAIRE

    Mikљovskб, Ja

    2012-01-01

    This article discusses the phenomenon of assertive behavior. The sense of confidence and healthy self-assertion are investigated. The difference between assertiveness, aggressiveness and passivity is explained

  8. [THE SCIENTIFIC REVOLUTION IN MEDICINE OF THE LAST QUARTER OF XIX-FIRST HALF OF XX CENTURIES. REPORT III. FROM K. BERNARD TO W. CANNON: ASSERTION OF NEW PICTURE OF OBSERVABLE REALITY].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stochik, A M; Zatravkin, S N

    2015-01-01

    The article presents main scientific discoveries" of the last quarter of XIX-first half of XX centuries ensuring that conceptions of human organism as opened self-regulative system became firmly established in physiology and medicine. It is demonstrated that decisive role in these processes played the transition into biology and medicine of fundamental ideas and concepts of physical chemistry, discovery of immune and endocrine systems, development of new conceptions of principles and concrete mechanisms of nervous regulation of physiologicalfunctions and creative generalization of total aggregate of new factual data by W Cannon in developed by him concept of homeostasis. The world-wide recognition of concept of homeostasis marked definitive establishment ofnew picture of observable reality in medicine.

  9. La comunicación y la asertividad del discurso durante las interacciones grupales presenciales y por computadora Communication and assertiveness on the discourse during face-to-face and computer-mediated group interactions

    OpenAIRE

    Nancy Noemí Terroni

    2009-01-01

    En este trabajo se reportan los resultados del análisis reticular en la comunicación, y los puntajes de la asertividad del discurso de los partipantes de pequeños grupos que resuelven una tarea de recuperación de memoria (La guerra de los fantasmas, Bartlett, 1932). El diseño es cuasiexperimental y los 90 participantes alumnos de la Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata, debieron reconstruir la misma en forma grupal colaborativa. Los sujetos fueron asignados aleatoriamente a los grupos y a la...

  10. Mestiçagem, igualdade e afirmação da diferença: pensando a política de cotas na universidade Miscegenation, equality and asserting differences: thinking on quota policies in the university

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandra Azeredo

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available Escrito num momento em que no Brasil a mestiçagem estava na ordem do dia, pela relação que se estabelecia entre ela e a questão das cotas nas universidades para pessoas pobres, negras e indígenas, contida no anteprojeto de reforma universitária proposto pelo Ministério da Educação, este ensaio se inspirou no trabalho de Gloria Anzaldúa no sentido de contribuir para o debate sobre a introdução de cotas, através da discussão da noção de mestiçagem, analisando a fundamentação do anteprojeto formulada pelo então ministro da Educação, Tarso Genro, e por Boaventura de Sousa Santos e quatro textos publicados na época com posições contrárias à introdução de cotas. Tomando como base o conceito de consciência mestiça de Anzaldúa, o ensaio termina por argumentar que a reforma pressupõe uma reestruturação profunda da universidade, que está em crise justamente por seu caráter excludente ao longo de sua história.This essay was written during the intense debate in Brazil around the introduction of affirmative action in the public universities according to a project proposed by the Ministry of Education. Inspired in the work of Gloria Anzaldúa, this article contributes to the debate by discussing the notion of miscegenation. The essay analyzes some texts that argue in favor of the Ministry's project, as well texts that present a dissenting view. Taking as its point of departure Anzaldúa's concept of consciencia mestiza, the essay contends that to introduce a project of affirmative action in the public university system in Brazil requires a radical restructuring of the university, since the crises that confronts this institution emanates from its exclusionary practices.

  11. Randomized comparison of renal effects, efficacy, and safety with once-daily abacavir/lamivudine versus tenofovir/emtricitabine, administered with efavirenz, in antiretroviral-naive, HIV-1-infected adults: 48-week results from the ASSERT study

    OpenAIRE

    Post, F; Moyle, G.; Stellbrink, H; Domingo, P.; D Podzamczer; Fisher, M.; Norden, A; Cavassini, M; A Rieger; Khuong-Josses, MA; Branco, T; Pearce, H.; Givens, N; Vavro, C; Lim, M.

    2010-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Abacavir/lamivudine and tenofovir/emtricitabine fixed-dose combinations are commonly used first-line antiretroviral therapies, yet few studies have comprehensively compared their safety profiles. METHODS: Forty-eight-week data are presented from this multicenter, randomized, open-label study comparing the safety profiles of abacavir/lamivudine and tenofovir/emtricitabine, both administered with efavirenz, in HLA-B*5701-negative HIV-1-infected adults. RESULTS: Three hundred e...

  12. Verification of ARINC429 communication card based on OVL assertion library%OVL断言验证库的ARINC429通讯板卡设计验证

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周德新; 李珊

    2010-01-01

    针对由设计复杂程度不断增加造成的功能验证困难的问题,提出了OVL在ARINC429通讯板卡设计验证中的使用方法.介绍了断言开放式验证库OVL及OVL断言监视器的结构、功能、分类及参数,在此基础上设计了符合航空运输工业标准的ARINC429通讯板卡,并提出了一种新的对ARINC429通讯板卡设计时序的验证方法.实验结果表明了OVL断言验证方法在设计验证中的可行性,降低了设计验证的复杂度,增加了验证覆盖率,提高了验证效率.

  13. Judicial Assertion of Problems of Bribery Crime for Non-government Employees%非国家工作人员受贿罪客观方面的司法认定

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑高键; 谢杰

    2010-01-01

    由于对非国家工作人员受贿罪和受贿罪在客观方面的表述不尽相同,也使非国家工作人员受贿罪在客观方面认定上存在一定争议.对非国家工作人员受贿罪在客观方面刑法适用具体问题进行探讨,期待对非国家工作人员受贿罪的司法适用更具有操作性.

  14. On the Depreciation Method of Capital Asserts in Oil and Gas Field Enterprises%浅谈油气田企业固定资产折旧方法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    武苏亚; 王秀芝; 杨湘龙; 白兴盈; 宋秋银

    2004-01-01

    以油田开发过程中油气井固定资产的特点及产量变化规律为依据,与财务会计制度和经济效益变化规律相结合,论述了含水上升和产量递减对折旧成本的影响,指出了油气田企业折旧方法的选择,使折旧的计提方法更符合油气田开发的经济运行规律.

  15. İLKÖĞRETİM II. KADEME ÖĞRENCİLERİNİN ATILGANLIK DÜZEYLERİNİN SPORA KATILIMLARI BAKIMINDAN İNCELENMESİ (ANKARA-ELMADAĞ İLÇESİ ÖRNEĞİ) / THE DETERMINE OF LEVEL OF ASSERTIVENESS OF SECOND GRADE PRIMARY SCHOOL STUDENTS ACCORDING TO WHETHER THEY EXERCISE SPORT

    OpenAIRE

    Kırımoğlu, Hüseyin; KEPOĞLU, Abdurrahman; Dereceli, Çağatay; Parlak, Necmettin; Erdoğan TOZOĞLU

    2010-01-01

    Bu araştınnanm amacı, ilköğretim ikinci kademe öğrencilerinin atılganlık düzeylerinin spor yapıp yap~mama durumlarına göre belirlenmesidir. Katılımcılarm atılganilk düzeyleri cinsiyetIerine, sporcu veya sedanterolmalarına, takıın ve bireysel sporlara katılımlan bakımıanndan karşılaştırılmıştır. Veri toplama aracı olarak(Rathus, 1973) "Rathus Atılganlık Envanteri" uygulanmıştır. Araştırmada ilköğretim II. Kadernede öğrenimgören (379'n bayan, 396'SI erkek...

  16. On the Entity and Procedure Means of the Key Element Assertion of the Norm Form from the Angle of Obscene Nature%由"淫秽性"谈规范构成要件要素认定的实体及程序路径

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈洪兵; 麻侃

    2005-01-01

    "淫秽性"属于规范的构成要件要素,规范的构成要件要素是故意的认识因素.欠缺"淫秽性"认识的认识错误属于事实错误,阻却故意,不构成淫秽物品犯罪.应该在将淫秽物品犯罪的法定最高刑大为降低的前提下,将欠缺"淫秽性"认识的证明责任分配给被告承担.

  17. Superconductivity and macroscopic quantum phenomena

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    It is often asserted that superconducting systems are manifestations of quantum mechanics on a macroscopic scale. In this review article it is demonstrated that this quantum assertion is true within the framework of the microscopic theory of superconductivity. (Auth.)

  18. 韓国における行動的・認知的主張訓練が小学生の主張行動に及ぼす効果

    OpenAIRE

    金, 奎卓; 野島, 一彦

    2002-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of Behavioral Assertiveness Training (BAT), and those of Cognitive Assertiveness Training (CAT), also to compare the effects of these trainings accoiding to the distinction of sex. The subjects were thirty two elementary school students who voluntarily participated in this study. These thirty two subjects were randomly divided into two groups, behavioral assertiveness training group and cognitive assertiveness training group, and each group...

  19. Normative studies with the Scale for Interpersonal Behaviour (SIB) : I. Nonpsychiatric social skills trainees

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Arrindell, WA; van der Ende, J; Sanderman, R; Oosterhof, L; Stewart, R; Lingsma, MM

    1999-01-01

    The Scale for Interpersonal Behavior (SIB) (Arrindell & Van der Ende, 1985) is a multidimensional self-report measure of state assertiveness. The SIE measures both discomfort (anxiety) associated with self-assertion in specific situations and the likelihood of engaging in a specific assertive respon

  20. In Defense of the Rational Credibility Account : A Reply to Casalegno

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Douven, Igor; Kelp, Christoph

    2012-01-01

    A majority of philosophers nowadays hold that the practice of assertion is governed by the rule that one must assert only what one knows. In his last published paper, Paolo Casalegno sides with this view and criticizes rival accounts of assertion on which rational belief or rational credibility will

  1. Ontology enrichment by discovering multi-relational association rules from ontological knowledge bases

    OpenAIRE

    d'Amato, Claudia; Staab, Steffen; Tettamanzi, Andrea G. B.; Van Minh, Tran; Gandon, Fabien

    2016-01-01

    International audience In the Semantic Web context, OWL ontologies represent the con-ceptualization of domains of interest while the corresponding as-sertional knowledge is given by the heterogeneous Web resources referring to them. Being strongly decoupled, ontologies and assertion can be out-of-sync. An ontology can be incomplete, noisy and sometimes inconsistent with regard to the actual usage of its conceptual vocabulary in the assertions. Data mining can support the discovery of hidde...

  2. Predictive factors of alcohol and tobacco use in adolescents

    OpenAIRE

    Alicia Alvarez-Aguirre; María Magdalena Alonso-Castillo; Ana Carolina Guidorizzi Zanetti

    2014-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: to analyze the effect of self-esteem, assertiveness, self-efficacy and resiliency on alcohol and tobacco consumption in adolescents. METHOD: a descriptive and correlational study was undertaken with 575 adolescents in 2010. The Self-Esteem Scale, the Situational Confidence Scale, the Assertiveness Questionnaire and the Resiliency Scale were used. RESULTS: the adjustment of the logistic regression model, considering age, sex, self-esteem, assertiveness, self-efficacy and resiliency...

  3. Differences in Interpersonal Skills Between Engineering and Organizational Leadership and Supervision Majors

    OpenAIRE

    Mhaskar, Anuj A

    2010-01-01

    This study explored the differences in interpersonal communication skills – assertiveness and conflict management in particular between students with a senior academic standing in the college of engineering and the department of organizational leadership and supervision at Purdue University, West Lafayette. The Rathus Assertiveness Schedule and the Putnam-Wilson OCCI were used to measure assertiveness levels and conflict management styles in students. Results from the study indicated that the...

  4. Kompetencje społeczne nauczyciela a skuteczność pracy w szkole

    OpenAIRE

    Jarmużek, Joanna

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this article is to show the importance of social skills and competences (assertiveness, authority) in every social profession, especially in teaching. It defines assertiveness as a certain social attitude which enables people to being genuine in living their own lives. It is an attitude towards oneself and other people, which relays on giving freedom and acceptance to one’s decisions and choices. The only limit of assertiveness is other people’s freedom. Every teacher h...

  5. Lise Öğrencilerinin Atılganlık Düzeylerinin Bazı Değişkenler Açısından İncelenmesi

    OpenAIRE

    ARSLANTAŞ, Hülya

    2014-01-01

    Aim: This study has been carried out to determine the assertiveness levels of high school students in relation to certain variablesMethod: The sample of descriptive study included 949 students studying in secondary schools subordinate to Istanbul National Education Directorate. A questionnaire prepared by the researchers and Rathus Assertiveness Inventory were used for data collection.Results: Demographic characteristics and Rathus Assertiveness Inventory scores of the students were compared....

  6. To the question of the formation of personal qualities of future doctors by means of combat sports

    OpenAIRE

    Khripunova L.D.

    2014-01-01

    Purpose : to provide theoretical analysis of the notion of „assertiveness” and rationale of approaches to the development of future doctors’ assertiveness by means of combat sports (Sambo and Judo). Material : analysis of regulatory documents, literary sources. Results : the author has analysed the essence of the notion of assertiveness, and ideas about the relevance of the quality in doctors’ professional activity. The notion of assertiveness has been defined as the subject quality of an ind...

  7. Iran's Foreign Policy during Ahmadinejad: From Confrontation to Accommodation

    OpenAIRE

    Haji-Yousefi, Amir M.

    2010-01-01

    Some scholars have observed that Iran's foreign policy has leaned toward assertiveness since MahmoodAhmadinejad came to power in 2005. They have tried to attribute this assertiveness to some internal andexternal factors. After reviewing the literature, we argue that the assertiveness of Iran's foreign policyduring the first period of Ahmadinejad`s presidency is rooted in psychological (Ahmadinejad beliefsystem), social (the social base of the new government), political (factional rivalries), ...

  8. What is a Question?

    OpenAIRE

    Kevin H. Knuth

    2004-01-01

    A given question can be defined in terms of the set of statements or assertions that answer it. Application of logical inference to these sets of assertions allows one to derive the logic of inquiry among questions. There are interesting symmetries between the logics of inference and inquiry; where probability describes the degree to which a premise implies an assertion, there exists an analogous measure that describes the bearing or relevance that a question has on an outstanding issue. Thes...

  9. An Uninformative Truth: The Logic of Amarin’s Off-Label Promotion

    OpenAIRE

    Hey, Spencer Phillips; Kesselheim, Aaron S.

    2016-01-01

    Spencer Phillips Hey and Aaron Kesselheim propose that informativeness—asserting scientific facts—rather than truthfulness ought to be the standard for regulating commercial speech about pharmaceuticals.

  10. An Uninformative Truth: The Logic of Amarin's Off-Label Promotion.

    OpenAIRE

    Spencer Phillips Hey; Kesselheim, Aaron S.

    2016-01-01

    Spencer Phillips Hey and Aaron Kesselheim propose that informativeness—asserting scientific facts—rather than truthfulness ought to be the standard for regulating commercial speech about pharmaceuticals.

  11. 75 FR 45124 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-02

    ... techniques or other forms of information technology. Proposed Project: Program Evaluation for Assertive..., monitoring/coaching/mentoring/support for clinicians and supervisors, implementation calls and...

  12. ANALISIS PUTUSAN HAKIM NOMOR: 113/Pid.B/2007/PN.Pml TENTANG TINDAK PIDANA PENYALAHGUNAAN NARKOTIKA

    OpenAIRE

    Saryono Hanadi

    2010-01-01

    Decree Number: 113/Pid.B/2007/PN.Pml relating with the case of abuse of narcotic that conducted by Bambang Suroto alias Gentolet bin Rifa’i. In this case, public Prosecutor assert with laminated assertion which are Primer Assertion by article 81 sentence (1) letter a Law No.22 Year 1997 and subsidiary assertion by article 85 letter a Law No.22 Year 1997 concerning Narcotic. In this case, the decree cannot be told as a progressive decree because it not considering article 47 Law No. 12 Year 19...

  13. Early Attachment Organization Moderates the Parent-Child Mutually Coercive Pathway to Children's Antisocial Conduct

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kochanska, Grazyna; Barry, Robin A.; Stellern, Sarah A.; O'Bleness, Jessica J.

    2009-01-01

    This multimethod study of 101 mothers, fathers, and children elucidates poorly understood role of children's attachment security as "moderating" a common maladaptive trajectory: from parental power assertion, to child resentful opposition, to child antisocial conduct. Children's security was assessed at 15 months, parents' power assertion observed…

  14. Relations between Attachment, Gender, and Behavior with Peers in Preschool.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turner, Patricia J.

    1991-01-01

    Preschool children's security of attachment was assessed in the laboratory, and their interactions with peers were observed in the preschool. Insecure boys showed more aggressive, disruptive, assertive, and controlling behavior than secure children. Insecure girls showed more dependent and compliant behavior, and less assertive and controlling…

  15. The Role of Affordances in the Evolutionary Process Reconsidered A Niche Construction Perspective

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Withagen, Rob; van Wermeskerken, Margot

    2010-01-01

    Gibson asserted that affordances are the primary objects of perception. Although this assertion is especially attractive when considered in the context of evolutionary theory, the role that affordances play in the evolution of animals' perceptual and action systems is still unclear. Trying to combin

  16. Immigration in the United States and the Golden Years of Education: Was Ravitch Right?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jeynes, William H.

    2004-01-01

    In this article I address some assertions made by one of the most outstanding educational historians, Diane Ravitch, regarding the relation between immigration rates and academic achievement among children in the United States. In her book The Great School Wars Ravitch asserted that low immigration levels during the 1920s to early 1960s period…

  17. Disability and treatment of specific mental and physical disorders across the world

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ormel, Johan; Petukhova, Maria; Chatterji, Somnath; Aguilar-Gaxiola, Sergio; Alonso, Jordi; Angermeyer, Matthias C.; Bromet, Evelyn J.; Burger, Huibert; Demyttenaere, Koen; de Girolamo, Giovanni; Maria Haro, Josep; Hwang, Irving; Karam, Elie; Kawakami, Norito; Lepine, Jean Pierre; Elena Medina-Mora, Maria; Posada-Villa, Jose; Sampson, Nancy; Scott, Kate; Uestuen, T. Bedirhan; Von Korff, Michael; Williams, David R.; Zhang, Mingyuan; Kessler, Ronald C.

    2008-01-01

    Background Advocates of expanded mental health treatment assert that mental disorders are as disabling as physical disorders, but little evidence supports this assertion. Aims To establish the disability and treatment of specific mental and physical disorders in high-income and low- and middle-incom

  18. The Digital Carrot, the Digital Stick

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jackson, Gregory A.

    2007-01-01

    In this article, the author asserts that technology is not the answer to digital piracy at colleges and universities. Citing the three most common explanations given for copyright infringement--that students cannot always get what they want, cannot always use what they can get, or think the price of what they can get is unfair--he asserts that the…

  19. Not a Hearing Loss, a Deaf Gain: Power, Self-Naming, and the Deaf Community

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomas, David James

    2013-01-01

    Self-naming has long stood as the primary assertion of power for disenfranchised communities in the western world. While person first language (e.g. "person who is deaf") has been the preferred language of disability and disability services for the last 20 years, members of the Deaf community have asserted their cultural capital, and…

  20. A Plea for a Simple Solution

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Widell, Peter

    2010-01-01

    This paper presents a criticism of the classical speech act theory (Austin, Searle). In contrast to this theory, which operates with four to five types of basic illocutionary acts, I will argue for just one type: the assertive. Assertives are speech acts which can make locutions (propositions) tr...

  1. Does the Situational Couple Violence-Intimate Terrorism Typology Explain Cohabitors' High Risk of Intimate Partner Violence?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brownridge, Douglas A.

    2010-01-01

    This study examines M. P. Johnson's assertion that violence in marital unions is more likely to be intimate terrorism (IT) and violence in cohabiting unions is more likely to be situational couple violence (SCV). Having overcome limitations of the data on which Johnson based his assertion, the results show that cohabiting and married victims of…

  2. How Mathematicians Obtain Conviction: Implications for Mathematics Instruction and Research on Epistemic Cognition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weber, Keith; Inglis, Matthew; Mejia-Ramos, Juan Pablo

    2014-01-01

    The received view of mathematical practice is that mathematicians gain certainty in mathematical assertions by deductive evidence rather than empirical or authoritarian evidence. This assumption has influenced mathematics instruction where students are expected to justify assertions with deductive arguments rather than by checking the assertion…

  3. The MMPI-2 Symptom Validity Scale (FBS) Not Influenced by Medical Impairment: A Large Sleep Center Investigation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Greiffenstein, Manfred F.

    2010-01-01

    The Symptom Validity Scale (Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2-FBS [MMPI-2-FBS]) is a standard MMPI-2 validity scale measuring overstatement of somatic distress and subjective disability. Some critics assert the MMPI-2-FBS misclassifies too many medically impaired persons as malingering symptoms. This study tests the assertion of…

  4. Parental Expression of Disappointment: Should It Be a Factor in Hoffman's Model of Parental Discipline?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patrick, Renee B.; Gibbs, John C.

    2007-01-01

    The authors addressed whether parental expression of disappointment should be included as a distinct factor in M. L. Hoffman's (2000) well-established typology of parenting styles (induction, love withdrawal, power assertion). Hoffman's 3-factor model, along with a more inclusive 4-factor model (induction, love withdrawal, power assertion, and…

  5. The Role of Antisociality in the Psychopathy Construct: Comment on Skeem and Cooke (2010)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hare, Robert D.; Neumann, Craig S.

    2010-01-01

    J. Skeem and D. J. Cooke (2010) asserted that Hare and Neumann consider criminality to be an essential component of the psychopathy construct. The assertion, presented in the guise of a debate on the nature of psychopathy, is neither accurate nor consistent with the clinical and empirical literature on psychopathy to which Hare and Neumann have…

  6. Can Law Become Curricula's Guidance Counselor?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goslin, Kimberly G.

    2008-01-01

    This article asserts that curricula, a living text, ought to take into consideration the virtues of fairness, justice, and integrity as found in law, in order to judge controversial issues of curriculum. This assertion is argued through a comparison of jurisprudence and pedagogy, as well as law and curricula. Dworkin's (1986) contention of "law as…

  7. School Violence, the Media's Phanton Epidemic.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Best, Joel

    2002-01-01

    Argues that public perceptions of an epidemic of school violence are media-induced; asserts that violence in schools declined during the 1990s; supports assertion with evidence from the National School Safety Center; states the estimates of bullying in school are exaggerated. (PKP)

  8. Discourses of power in mathematics education research: Concepts and possibilities for action

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Valero, Paola

    2008-01-01

    Mathematics education is powerful. This is an assertion that appears often in mathematics education research papers. However, the meaning of the assertion is far from being clear. An analysis of different ways of talking about power in relation to mathematics education, in research literature, is...

  9. Sports and Politics: Los Angeles Times' Coverage of the 1984 Summer Olympic Games.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salwen, Michael B.; Garrison, Bruce

    To investigate whether political assertions were interjected into American sports coverage of the 1984 Olympic games and which direction those assertions took, a study examined the Los Angeles Times' coverage of the games in its award-winning special supplement sections. The "Times" included these special supplements in its papers from July 22,…

  10. 7 CFR 245.9 - Special assistance certification and reimbursement alternatives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... large so that it can be asserted with 95 percent confidence that the true percentage of students who are... asserted with 95 percent confidence that the true percentage of participating students who are eligible for... participating students at no charge, schools must take daily meal counts of reimbursable student meals by...

  11. Why Community Works: The Use of Alfred Adler's Individual Psychology as a Foundational Theory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Glenn, Robert K.; Keith, Edwin M.

    2002-01-01

    Asserts that the Individual Psychology of Alfred Adler should be used as a foundational theory for student affairs work. The success of community building programs is explained and the concepts of Individual Psychology are summarized. Also asserts that the current drive to develop programs to develop community on college campuses is firmly rooted…

  12. Voices from the Field: Obtaining, Processing, and Constructing English: Blogging in the ESL Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Glori H.

    2009-01-01

    To fully acculturate into society, English language learners (ELLs) need to be conversant with the language and culture of their peers. The National Association for Media Literacy (NAMLE) asserts that media, including the electronic media, are an integral component of modern culture and function as an agent of socialization. They assert that to be…

  13. Suicide Postvention as Suicide Prevention: Improvement and Expansion in the United States

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aguirre, Regina T. P.; Slater, Holli

    2010-01-01

    The authors asserted the need for increased postvention efforts for suicide survivors, individuals left behind to grieve the loss of a loved one by suicide, because they have an increased risk for suicide. Indeed, Shneidman (1972) asserted that suicide postvention efforts serve the dual purpose of assisting survivors through the grief process and…

  14. What Makes Psychotherapy Humanistic?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tisdale, John R.

    Based on an earlier list of characteristics, ten assertions were derived about the nature of psychotherapy upon which it was believed that humanistic therapists would agree. These assertions were then submitted to three groups of therapists (111 returns) listed in the "National Register of Health Service Providers in Psychology": behaviorists,…

  15. Another Test of the Effect of Group Composition on Member Behavior Change.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bixenstine, V. Edwin; Abascal, Juan

    1985-01-01

    Examined the effects of personal warmth and success modeling on behavior change among females experiencing assertion deficits. Results indicated both confederate warmth and success modeling influenced the level of assertion change behavior reported by group members. Attributions for influence to effect change and change performance are discussed.…

  16. Enhancing Women's Resistance to Sexual Coercion: A Randomized Controlled Trial of the DATE Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simpson Rowe, Lorelei; Jouriles, Ernest N.; McDonald, Renee; Platt, Cora G.; Gomez, Gabriella S.

    2012-01-01

    Objective: Despite extensive efforts to develop sexual assault prevention programs for college women, few have been rigorously evaluated, and fewer have demonstrable effects on victimization. This study pilots the Dating Assertiveness Training Experience (DATE), designed to train young women in assertiveness skills for responding to sexual…

  17. The Power of Porch Talk in Their Eyes Were Watching God

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李楠

    2013-01-01

    Porch talk, as a common setting in Their Eyes Were Watching God, is empowered by Zora Neale Hurston to make political and cultural assertion of African Americans and self-autonomy assertion of black female, providing the reader an authentic African American oral tradition and black heritage.

  18. Refusal Skill Ability: An Examination of Adolescent Perceptions of Effectiveness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nichols, Tracy R.; Birnel, Sara; Graber, Julia A.; Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne; Botvin, Gilbert J.

    2010-01-01

    This pilot study examined whether refusal assertion as defined by a proven drug prevention program was associated with adolescent perceptions of effectiveness by comparing two sets of coded responses to adolescent videotaped refusal role-plays (N = 63). The original set of codes was defined by programmatic standards of refusal assertion and the…

  19. Implementing Problem-Based Learning in the Counseling Session.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hall, Kimberly R.

    This study examined the use of problem-based learning (PBL) in an actual counseling session and the effects on student assertiveness skills. A group of seventh-grade students, who were all victims of bullies, participated in the study. The students, two boys and one girls, were 13 and 14 years old. Teachers rated the level of assertiveness skills…

  20. Normative studies with the Scale for Interpersonal Behaviour (SIB) : III. Psychiatric inpatients

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Arrindell, W.A; Akkerman, A.; van der Ende, J.; Schreurs, P.J.G.; Brugman, A.; Stewart, R.E.; Bouhuys, A.; van Ooijen, N.; Bridges, K.Robert; Sanderman, R.

    2005-01-01

    The Scale for Interpersonal Behaviour (SIB), a multidimensional self-report measure of difficulty and distress in state assertiveness, was psychometrically evaluated in a large sample comprising 1242 unselected psychiatric inpatients. In addition to an overall measure of assertion, the SIB contains

  1. 26 CFR 1.461-0 - Table of contents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... arising under the Nuclear Waste Policy Act of 1982. (i) (j) Contingent liabilities. (k) Special effective... accounting for a liability in a prior taxable year. (4) Deductions attributable to certain foreign income. (b.... (b) Contest of asserted liability. (1) Asserted liability. (2) Definition of the term “contest.”...

  2. Housewives' Self-Esteem and Their Husbands' Success: The Myth of Vicarious Involvement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Macke, Anne Statham; And Others

    1979-01-01

    This study tests the common assertion that women, especially upper-middle-class housewives, vicariously experience their husbands' success. Findings for 121 mostly upper-middle-class housewives disprove this assertion. Husband's success does positively affect a housewife's self-esteem, but only indirectly, through its effect on perceived marital…

  3. Are Dual Enrollment Students College Ready? Evidence from the Wabash National Study of Liberal Arts Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    An, Brian P.; Taylor, Jason L.

    2015-01-01

    We examine whether dual enrolled students display greater levels of college readiness than nonparticipants. Advocates assert that dual enrollment improves students' college readiness, but despite these assertions, few researchers have evaluated this relationship. Moreover, researchers that do consider whether dual enrollment improves college…

  4. Subchannel analysis of CANDU 37-element fuel bundles

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The subchannel analysis codes COBRA-IV and ASSERT-4 have been used to predict the mass and enthalpy imbalance within a CANDU 37-element fuel channel under various system conditions. The objective of this study was to assess the various capabilities of the ASSERT code and highlight areas where further validation or development may be needed. The investigation indicated that the ASSERT code has all the basic models required to accurately predict the flow and enthalpy imbalance for complex rod bundles. The study also showed that the code modelling of void drift and diffusion requires refinement to some coefficients and that further validation is needed at high flow rate and high void fraction conditions, where ASSERT and COBRA are shown to predict significantly different trends. The results of a recent refinement of ASSERT modelling are also discussed

  5. Discursive Justification and Skepticism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gerken, Mikkel

    2012-01-01

    In this paper, I consider how a general epistemic norm of action that I have proposed in earlier work should be specified in order to govern certain types of acts: assertive speech acts. More specifically, I argue that the epistemic norm of assertion is structurally similar to the epistemic norm...... of action. First, I argue that the notion of warrant operative in the epistemic norm of a central type of assertion is an internalist one that I call ‘discursive justification.’ This type of warrant is internalist insofar as it requires that the agent is capable of articulating reasons for her belief....... The idea, roughly, is that when one asserts that p, one is supposed to be in a position to give reasons for believing that p. Bonjour’s reliable clairvoyant Norman, for example, is not in an epistemic position to make assertions regarding the president’s whereabouts—even if Norman knows the president...

  6. Predictive factors of alcohol and tobacco use in adolescents

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alicia Alvarez-Aguirre

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVES: to analyze the effect of self-esteem, assertiveness, self-efficacy and resiliency on alcohol and tobacco consumption in adolescents.METHOD: a descriptive and correlational study was undertaken with 575 adolescents in 2010. The Self-Esteem Scale, the Situational Confidence Scale, the Assertiveness Questionnaire and the Resiliency Scale were used.RESULTS: the adjustment of the logistic regression model, considering age, sex, self-esteem, assertiveness, self-efficacy and resiliency, demonstrates significance in the consumption of alcohol and tobacco. Age, resiliency and assertiveness predict alcohol consumption in the lifetime and assertiveness predicts alcohol consumption in the last year. Similarly, age and sex predict tobacco consumption in the lifetime and age in the last year.CONCLUSION: this study can offer important information to plan nursing interventions involving adolescent alcohol and tobacco users.

  7. Goal preference shapes confrontations of sexism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mallett, Robyn K; Melchiori, Kala J

    2014-05-01

    Although most women assume they would confront sexism, assertive responses are rare. We test whether women's preference for respect or liking during interpersonal interactions explains this surprising tendency. Women report preferring respect relative to liking after being asked sexist, compared with inappropriate, questions during a virtual job interview (Study 1, n = 149). Women's responses to sexism increase in assertiveness along with their preference for being respected, and a respect-preference mediates the relation between the type of questions and response assertiveness (Studies 1 and 2). In Study 2 (n = 105), women's responses to sexist questions are more assertive when the sense of belonging is enhanced with a belonging manipulation. Moreover, preference for respect mediates the effect of the type of questions on response assertiveness, but only when belonging needs are met. Thus the likelihood of confrontation depends on the goal to be respected outweighing the goal to be liked.

  8. Agoraphobia Related to Unassertiveness in Panic Disorder.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Levitan, Michelle Nigri; Simoes, Pedro; Sardinha, Aline G; Nardi, Antonio E

    2016-05-01

    Despite developments in panic disorder (PD) research, a significant percentage of patients do not benefit from conventional treatments. Interpersonal factors have been identified as potential predictors of treatment failures. We aimed to evaluate assertiveness in a sample of patients with PD and its implications for treatment. Forty-six symptomatic patients with PD and 46 college students responded to assessment scales regarding assertiveness and clinical data. Seventy-five percent of the patients had a secondary diagnosis of agoraphobia. We found that the PD group was characterized as nonassertive and slightly less assertive than control subjects. Furthermore, the deficit in the level of assertiveness correlated with the severity of the PD. The diagnosis of agoraphobia was correlated with unassertiveness (p assertiveness in patients with PD accompanied by agoraphobia. PMID:26915016

  9. Mediators of sexual revictimization risk in adult sexual assault victims.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ullman, Sarah E; Vasquez, Amanda L

    2015-01-01

    This study examined sexual risk behaviors and sexual refusal assertiveness in relationship to child sexual abuse, emotion dysregulation, and adult sexual revictimization. Path analyses of 1,094 survivors who had sex in the past year were done to examine sexual risk behavior and sexual refusal assertiveness mediational pathways by which child sexual abuse severity and emotion dysregulation may affect revictimization over one year in adult female sexual assault survivors. Exchanging sex for money and sexual refusal assertiveness were significantly associated with emotion dysregulation, whereas exchanging sex for money, and not sexual refusal assertiveness, was only significantly related to child sexual abuse severity. Both exchanging sex for money and sex refusal assertiveness mediated the relationship between emotion dysregulation and adult sexual revictimization. Exchanging sex for money mediated the child sexual abuse severity-revictimization relationship. These findings demonstrate the importance of considering both risky and protective sexual behaviors in research and prevention programming that address sexual revictimization in women. PMID:25942287

  10. Amending Contracts for Choreographies

    CERN Document Server

    Bocchi, Laura; Tuosto, Emilio; 10.4204/EPTCS.59.10

    2011-01-01

    Distributed interactions can be suitably designed in terms of choreographies. Such abstractions can be thought of as global descriptions of the coordination of several distributed parties. Global assertions define contracts for choreographies by annotating multiparty session types with logical formulae to validate the content of the exchanged messages. The introduction of such constraints is a critical design issue as it may be hard to specify contracts that allow each party to be able to progress without violating the contract. In this paper, we propose three methods that automatically correct inconsistent global assertions. The methods are compared by discussing their applicability and the relationships between the amended global assertions and the original (inconsistent) ones.

  11. 76 FR 6702 - Private Transfer Fees

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-08

    ... fees for comment on ] August 16, 2010 (75 FR 49932) and requested public comments during a 60-day... ``scam'' against homeowners, robbing them of their equity. Many asserted that the U.S. Department...

  12. Effective Structural Relief in U.S. v. Microsoft

    OpenAIRE

    Litan, Robert E.; Nordhaus, William D.

    2000-01-01

    Mr. Litan and Mr. Nordhaus argue for 'full divestiture' of Microsoft. They assert that splitting the rights to Microsoft's operating systems among three separate companies would be the best way to promote innovation.

  13. Data Mining for IVHM using Sparse Binary Ensembles Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — In response to NASA SBIR topic A1.05, "Data Mining for Integrated Vehicle Health Management", Michigan Aerospace Corporation (MAC) asserts that our unique SPADE...

  14. 78 FR 53784 - Notice of Lodging of Proposed Consent Decree Under the Clean Air Act

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-30

    ... and Ohio are co-plaintiffs in this action. The State of Illinois asserts claims in this action... Haverhill Facility under Chapter 3745 of the Ohio Revised Code (``ORC''), and the rules adopted...

  15. 78 FR 39770 - Notice of Lodging of Proposed Consent Decree Under the Clean Air Act

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-02

    ... and Ohio are co-plaintiffs in this action. The State of Illinois asserts claims in this action... Haverhill Facility under Chapter 3745 of the Ohio Revised Code (``ORC''), and the rules adopted...

  16. Bribery and co-operation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, E

    1997-10-01

    NHS trusts are still looking for ways to maintain intensive continuing care in the community for people with severe mental illness. The US model of assertive community treatment (ACT) may be the answer. PMID:9400206

  17. Internationalization, Interculturality, and the Role of Foreign Languages in Higher Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vogel, Thomas

    2001-01-01

    Describes the Foreign Language Center at the European University Viadrina in Germany, asserting the necessity of foreign language training for Europeanization and globalization. Also discusses several ways of structuring foreign language programs. (EV)

  18. TEL4Health research at University College Cork (UCC)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Drachsler, Hendrik

    2013-01-01

    Drachsler, H. (2013, 12 May). TEL4Health research at University College Cork (UCC). Invited talk given at Application of Science to Simulation, Education and Research on Training for Health Professionals Centre (ASSERT for Health Care), Cork, Ireland.

  19. What Is English? The Relevance of James Moffett's "Teaching the Universe of Discourse."

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sooby, Andrew

    1980-01-01

    Offers five reasons for the uncertainty in the state of the art of English instruction. Asserts the need for a theory of English instruction and offers James Moffett's theory on the universe of discourse as the one to use. (RL)

  20. The Wif of Richmonde's Tale.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Risman, Ann

    1991-01-01

    The British government's White Paper asserts that courses of "leisure interests" should be self-supporting. The administrator of an adult college tries to show a political visitor the much broader context and value of adult and community education. (SK)

  1. 75 FR 41902 - License Nos. DPR-31 and DPR-41; Florida Power & Light Company; Notice of Issuance of Director's...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-19

    ..., and management has not emphasized the program values to employees. (2) The ECP is of low quality and... Company's good name or business reputation * * *'' Mr. Saporito asserts that this clause violates 10...

  2. 76 FR 18549 - Casmalia Disposal Site; Notice of Proposed CERCLA Administrative De Minimis Settlement

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-04

    ... liability for response costs and potential natural resource ] damage claims by the United States Fish and...&T, Inc., and Alcatel-Lucent USA Inc. as successor in interest to the claims asserted against...

  3. Classifying running-related injuries based upon etiology, with emphasis on volume and pace

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Rasmus Oestergaard; Nohr, Ellen Aagaard; Rasmussen, Sten;

    2013-01-01

    of patellofemoral pain syndrome, iliotibial band syndrome, and patellar tendinopathy, while change in running pace may be associated with the development of achilles tendinopathy, gastrocnemius injuries, and plantar fasciitis. DISCUSSIONRELATION TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: If this assertion is correct, bias may...

  4. Advancing description and explanation in clinical linguistics: a legacy of Martin J. Ball.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Damico, Jack S; Damico, Holly L; Nelson, Ryan L

    2011-11-01

    This article asserts the importance of explication of order and disorder in language as a privileged objective of clinical linguistics and service delivery and reviews the contributions of Martin Ball in advancing this agenda.

  5. Zombies, Truants, and Flash Mobs: How Youth Organizers Respond to and Shape Youth Policy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Conner, Jerusha Osberg; Rosen, Sonia M.

    2015-01-01

    This chapter explores how youth organizers have injected themselves into education policy conversations in Philadelphia, asserting their agency and using their voices to shape how policymakers view them as well as the problems that confront them.

  6. Nonexistence of Quantum Nonlocality

    OpenAIRE

    Griffiths, Robert B.

    2013-01-01

    What violations of Bell inequalities teach us is that the world is quantum mechanical, i.e., nonclassical. Assertions that they imply the world is nonlocal arise from ignoring differences between quantum and classical physics.

  7. PR Educators Stress Computers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fleming, Charles A.

    1988-01-01

    Surveys the varied roles computers play in public relations education. Asserts that, because computers are used extensively in the public relations field, students should become acquainted with the varied capabilities of computers and their role in public relations practice. (MM)

  8. 78 FR 21428 - Royce Focus Trust, Inc., et al.;

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-10

    ... those dividends contain an element of long-term capital gains. 7. Applicants assert that the application... disclosure required by condition 2(a)(ii) above, as an exhibit to its next filed Form N-CSR; and (c) The...

  9. 75 FR 9960 - First Trust/Aberdeen Global Opportunity Income Fund, et al.; Notice of Application

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-04

    ... those dividends contain an element of long-term capital gain. 7. Applicants assert that the application..., as an exhibit to its next filed Form N-CSR; and C. The fund will post prominently on the Web...

  10. 76 FR 52363 - Tortoise Power and Energy Infrastructure Fund, Inc. and Tortoise Capital Advisors, L.L.C.; Notice...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-22

    ... those dividends contain an element of capital gain. 7. Applicants assert that the application of rule... disclosure required by condition 2.a.ii. above, as an exhibit to its next filed Form N-CSR; c. The Fund...

  11. 77 FR 26052 - Invesco Total Property Market Income Fund, et al.; Notice of Application

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-02

    ... contain an element of capital gain. 7. Applicants assert that the application of rule 19b-1 to a Plan... an exhibit to its next filed Form N-CSR; and (c) The Fund will post prominently a statement on...

  12. 76 FR 45303 - ING Asia Pacific High Dividend Equity Income Fund, et al.; Notice of Application

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-28

    ... those dividends contain an element of capital gain. 7. Applicants assert that the application of rule... disclosure required by condition 2(a)(ii) above, as an exhibit to its next filed Form N-CSR; and (c) The...

  13. 75 FR 56603 - Tri-Continental Corporation, et al.; Notice of Application

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-16

    ..., whether or not those dividends contain an element of capital gain. 7. Applicants assert that the... required by condition 2.a.ii. above, as an exhibit to its next filed Form N-CSR; and c. Each Fund will...

  14. A White President of a Predominantly Black College Speaks Out About Race.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tschechtelin, James D.

    1999-01-01

    Asserts that racism and white supremacy are threatening America's social, economic, and political stability. Suggests that inviting community dialog on these taboo topics may lead to solutions, and recounts such steps taken at Baltimore City Community College. (VWC)

  15. Music Videos: The Look of the Sound

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aufderheide, Pat

    1986-01-01

    Asserts that music videos, rooted in mass marketing culture, are reshaping the language of advertising, affecting the flow of information. Raises question about the society that creates and receives music videos. (MS)

  16. A Littlewood-Paley type theorem on orthoprojectors onto wavelet subspaces

    CERN Document Server

    Kudryavtsev, S N

    2012-01-01

    The article proves an assertion analogous to the Littlewood-Paley theorem for the orthoprojectors onto wavelet subspaces corresponding to the multidimensional multiresolution analysis generated as tensor product of smooth finite scaling functions of one variable.

  17. Sexuality and the Developmentally Handicapped: Health Education Strategies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, Mary-Lou; Forchuk, Cheryl

    1987-01-01

    The article describes a sex education program for small groups of developmentally handicapped adolescents and young adults which includes information on and discussion of body parts, acceptable social behavior, assertiveness, birth control, and sexually transmitted diseases. (Author/JW)

  18. Drug Abuse Hysteria: The Challenge of Keeping Perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Engs, Ruth C.; Fors, Stuart W.

    1988-01-01

    Some well-meaning federal health and medical educational activities are unrealistic and overzealous. Drug education curricula should address issues such as self-esteem, decision making, assertion skills, stress reduction, recreational activities, and factual information. (CB)

  19. 76 FR 50773 - Pax World Funds Series Trust I and Pax World Management LLC; Notice of Application

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-16

    ... standard for the reasons discussed below. 6. Applicants assert that the shareholders expect the Adviser... agreements without shareholder approval and would grant ] relief from certain disclosure requirements... amend Sub-Advisory Agreements without obtaining shareholder approval. The requested relief will...

  20. 77 FR 68854 - Highland Associates, Inc. and Financial Investors Trust; Notice of Application

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-16

    ... standard. 3. Applicants assert that the shareholders expect the Adviser and the Board to select the... without shareholder approval. Applicants: Highland Associates, Inc. (the ``Adviser'') and Financial... approval, to enter into and materially amend Subadvisory Agreements without obtaining shareholder...