WorldWideScience

Sample records for asa physical status

  1. Influence of pre-anaesthetic thoracic radiographs on ASA physical status classification and anaesthetic protocols in traumatized dogs and cats

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate if pre-anaesthetic thoracic radiographs contribute to the anaesthetic management of trauma patients by comparing American Society of Anesthesiologists Physical Status Classification (ASA grade) with and without information from thoracic radiography findings. Case records of 157 dogs and cats being anaesthetized with or without post-traumatic, pre-anaesthetic chest radiographs were retrospectively evaluated for clinical parameters, radiographic abnormalities and anaesthetic protocol. Animals were retrospectively assigned an ASA grade. ASA grades, clinical signs of respiratory abnormalities and anaesthesia protocols were compared between animals with and without chest radiographs. The group of animals without pre-anaesthetic radiographs was anaesthetized earlier after trauma and showed less respiratory abnormalities at presentation. The retrospectively evaluated ASA grade significantly increased with the information from thoracic radiography. Animals with a higher ASA grade were less frequently mechanically ventilated. Pre-anaesthetic radiographs may provide important information to assess the ASA grade in traumatized patients and may therefore influence the anesthesia protocol

  2. ASA branding

    OpenAIRE

    Kirkeby, Kennie; Jakobsen, Christian Yttergren; Birch, Frederik; Dalman, Newsha

    2014-01-01

    This thesis examines the company ASA Trading and how ASA, through branding, have used CSR and social entrepreneurship as a part of their branding. In order to illuminate these subjects, the thesis is based upon theory about branding, CSR, Story Telling and social entrepreneurship. In addition, the thesis uses a qualitative empirical data from interview with CEO of ASA Trading Julian Amery, and a rapport from CSE Roskilde University, 2008. This thesis discusses and analyses ASA’s us...

  3. Orbital and physical parameters of eclipsing binaries from the ASAS catalogue -- IX. Spotted pairs with red giants

    OpenAIRE

    Ratajczak, M.; Hełminiak, K. G.; Konacki, M.; Smith, A.M.S.; Kozłowski, S. K.; Espinoza, N.; Jordán, A.; Brahm, R.; Hempel, M; Anderson, D R; Hellier, C.

    2016-01-01

    We present spectroscopic and photometric solutions for three spotted systems with red giant components. Absolute physical and orbital parameters for these double-lined detached eclipsing binary stars are presented for the first time. These were derived from the V-, and I-band ASAS and WASP photometry, and new radial velocities calculated from high quality optical spectra we obtained with a wide range of spectrographs and using the two-dimensional cross-correlation technique (TODCOR). All of t...

  4. Orbital and physical parameters of eclipsing binaries from the ASAS catalogue -- IX. Spotted pairs with red giants

    CERN Document Server

    Ratajczak, M; Konacki, M; Smith, A M S; Kozłowski, S K; Espinoza, N; Jordán, A; Brahm, R; Hempel, M; Anderson, D R; Hellier, C

    2016-01-01

    We present spectroscopic and photometric solutions for three spotted systems with red giant components. Absolute physical and orbital parameters for these double-lined detached eclipsing binary stars are presented for the first time. These were derived from the V-, and I-band ASAS and WASP photometry, and new radial velocities calculated from high quality optical spectra we obtained with a wide range of spectrographs and using the two-dimensional cross-correlation technique (TODCOR). All of the investigated systems (ASAS J184949-1518.7, BQ Aqr, and V1207 Cen) show the differential evolutionary phase of their components consisting of a main sequence star or a subgiant and a red giant, and thus constitute very informative objects in terms of testing stellar evolution models. Additionally, the systems show significant chromospheric activity of both components. They can be also classified as classical RS CVn-type stars. Besides the standard analysis of radial velocities and photometry, we applied spectral disenta...

  5. Orbital and physical parameters of eclipsing binaries from the ASAS catalogue - IX. Spotted pairs with red giants

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ratajczak, M.; Hełminiak, K. G.; Konacki, M.; Smith, A. M. S.; Kozłowski, S. K.; Espinoza, N.; Jordán, A.; Brahm, R.; Hempel, M.; Anderson, D. R.; Hellier, C.

    2016-09-01

    We present spectroscopic and photometric solutions for three spotted systems with red giant components. Absolute physical and orbital parameters for these double-lined detached eclipsing binary stars are presented for the first time. These were derived from the V-, and I-band ASAS and WASP photometry, and new radial velocities calculated from high quality optical spectra we obtained with a wide range of spectrographs and using the two-dimensional cross-correlation technique (TODCOR). All of the investigated systems (ASAS J184949-1518.7, BQ Aqr, and V1207 Cen) show the differential evolutionary phase of their components consisting of a main-sequence star or a subgiant and a red giant, and thus constitute very informative objects in terms of testing stellar evolution models. Additionally, the systems show significant chromospheric activity of both components. They can be also classified as classical RS CVn-type stars. Besides the standard analysis of radial velocities and photometry, we applied spectral disentangling to obtain separate spectra for both components of each analysed system which allowed for a more detailed spectroscopic study. We also compared the properties of red giant stars in binaries that show spots, with those that do not, and found that the activity phenomenon is substantially suppressed for stars with Rossby number higher than ˜1 and radii larger than ˜20 R⊙.

  6. Experimental status of physics

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    H Yamamoto

    2000-07-01

    In a short period of time, we will have a large amount of results from -factories including ones on CP violation. In this talk, we briefly review the current experimental status of -physics. After a quick description of -facilities, we divide this vast field into two categories: (1) weak interaction and QCD, (2) unitarity triangle and CP violation. Only a few critical items are selected in each category for the sake of time and space.

  7. Orbital and physical parameters of eclipsing binaries from the ASAS catalogue - VIII. The totally-eclipsing double-giant system HD 187669

    CERN Document Server

    Hełminiak, K G; Konacki, M; Pilecki, B; Ratajczak, M; Pietrzyński, G; Sybilski, P; Villanova, S; Gieren, W; Pojmański, G; Konorski, P; Suchomska, K; Reichart, D E; Ivarsen, K M; B., J; Haislip,; LaCluyze, A P

    2014-01-01

    We present the first full orbital and physical analysis of HD 187669, recognized by the All-Sky Automated Survey (ASAS) as the eclipsing binary ASAS J195222-3233.7. We combined multi-band photometry from the ASAS and SuperWASP public archives and 0.41-m PROMPT robotic telescopes with our high-precision radial velocities from the HARPS spectrograph. Two different approaches were used for the analysis: 1) fitting to all data simultaneously with the WD code, and 2) analysing each light curve (with JKTEBOP) and RVs separately and combining the partial results at the end. This system also shows a total primary (deeper) eclipse, lasting for about 6 days. A spectrum obtained during this eclipse was used to perform atmospheric analysis with the MOOG and SME codes in order to constrain physical parameters of the secondary. We found that ASAS J195222-3233.7 is a double-lined spectroscopic binary composed of two evolved, late-type giants, with masses of $M_1 = 1.504\\pm0.004$ and $M_2=1.505\\pm0.004$ M$_\\odot$, and radii ...

  8. Orbital and physical parameters of eclipsing binaries from the ASAS catalogue - IV. A 0.61 + 0.45 M_sun binary in a multiple system

    CERN Document Server

    Hełminiak, K G; Rozyczka, M; Kaluzny, J; Ratajczak, M; Borkowski, J; Sybilski, P; Muterspaugh, M W; Reichart, D E; Ivarsen, K M; Haislip, J B; Crain, J A; Foster, A C; Nysewander, M C; LaCluyze, A P

    2012-01-01

    We present the orbital and physical parameters of a newly discovered low-mass detached eclipsing binary from the All-Sky Automated Survey (ASAS) database: ASAS J011328-3821.1 A - a member of a visual binary system with the secondary component separated by about 1.4 seconds of arc. The radial velocities were calculated from the high-resolution spectra obtained with the 1.9-m Radcliffe/GIRAFFE, 3.9-m AAT/UCLES and 3.0-m Shane/HamSpec telescopes/spectrographs on the basis of the TODCOR technique and positions of H_alpha emission lines. For the analysis we used V and I band photometry obtained with the 1.0-m Elizabeth and robotic 0.41-m PROMPT telescopes, supplemented with the publicly available ASAS light curve of the system. We found that ASAS J011328-3821.1 A is composed of two late-type dwarfs having masses of M_1 = 0.612 +/- 0.030 M_sun, M_2 = 0.445 +/- 0.019 M_sun and radii of R_1 = 0.596 +/- 0.020 R_sun, R_2 = 0.445 +/- 0.024 R_sun, both show a substantial level of activity, which manifests in strong H_alp...

  9. Experimental Status of $B$ Physics

    OpenAIRE

    Stone, Sheldon

    2006-01-01

    A short summary is given of the current status of B physics. Reasons for physics beyond the Standard Model are discussed. Constraints on New Physics are given using measurements of B mixing, Bs mixing, and CP violation, along with |Vub. Future goals, and upcoming new experiments are also mentioned.

  10. Verdsettelse av DOF ASA

    OpenAIRE

    Aalvik, Alexander

    2012-01-01

    Formålet med masteroppgaven er å verdsette selskapet DOF ASA den 31.desember 2010. Estimatet vil bli vurdert i forhold til aksjeprisen på Oslo Børs og tilnærmingen er basert på bruk av relevant informasjon og modeller innenfor temaet verdsettelse. I første del av oppgaven presenteres DOF ASA, og det gis en kort introduksjon av offshore supply industrien i Norge som virksomheten driver innenfor. Selskapene Solstad Offshore ASA og Farstad Shipping ASA danner grunnlaget for bransjen og bruke...

  11. Geriatric Hip Fractures and Inpatient Services: Predicting Hospital Charges Using the ASA Score

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rachel V. Thakore

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose. To determine if the American Society of Anesthesiologist (ASA score can be used to predict hospital charges for inpatient services. Materials and Methods. A retrospective chart review was conducted at a level I trauma center on 547 patients over the age of 60 who presented with a hip fracture and required operative fixation. Hospital charges associated with inpatient and postoperative services were organized within six categories of care. Analysis of variance and a linear regression model were performed to compare preoperative ASA scores with charges and inpatient services. Results. Inpatient and postoperative charges and services were significantly associated with patients’ ASA scores. Patients with an ASA score of 4 had the highest average inpatient charges of services of $15,555, compared to $10,923 for patients with an ASA score of 2. Patients with an ASA score of 4 had an average of 45.3 hospital services compared to 24.1 for patients with a score of 2. Conclusions. A patient’s ASA score is associated with total and specific hospital charges related to inpatient services. The findings of this study will allow payers to identify the major cost drivers for inpatient services based on a hip fracture patient’s preoperative physical status.

  12. Geriatric Hip Fractures and Inpatient Services: Predicting Hospital Charges Using the ASA Score.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thakore, Rachel V; Lee, Young M; Sathiyakumar, Vasanth; Obremskey, William T; Sethi, Manish K

    2014-01-01

    Purpose. To determine if the American Society of Anesthesiologist (ASA) score can be used to predict hospital charges for inpatient services. Materials and Methods. A retrospective chart review was conducted at a level I trauma center on 547 patients over the age of 60 who presented with a hip fracture and required operative fixation. Hospital charges associated with inpatient and postoperative services were organized within six categories of care. Analysis of variance and a linear regression model were performed to compare preoperative ASA scores with charges and inpatient services. Results. Inpatient and postoperative charges and services were significantly associated with patients' ASA scores. Patients with an ASA score of 4 had the highest average inpatient charges of services of $15,555, compared to $10,923 for patients with an ASA score of 2. Patients with an ASA score of 4 had an average of 45.3 hospital services compared to 24.1 for patients with a score of 2. Conclusions. A patient's ASA score is associated with total and specific hospital charges related to inpatient services. The findings of this study will allow payers to identify the major cost drivers for inpatient services based on a hip fracture patient's preoperative physical status. PMID:24876836

  13. ASA education outreach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hansen, Uwe J.; Everbach, E. Carr

    2003-04-01

    A number of very successful Hands-on demo sessions for high school students have been a part of regular ASA meetings for some time. In addition, the Education Committee has organized a series of teacher workshops. These workshops are designed to give high school teachers relatively sophisticated tools to enhance their laboratory content. Workshops for teachers in the elementary grades prepare teachers to use music as a vehicle to introduce additional science concepts. Content and methods associated with both workshops will be discussed. Cyberspace outreach by the ASA was accelerated by the establishment of a Home Page Committee, and more recently by the On-Line Education committee, which is creating an educational website. The website provides a fun way for users to access information including acoustics information, history, demos, and links to the Technical Committee's webpages. The ASA has joined other AIP member societies in developing additional mechanisms, including road shows and nightly news spots.

  14. Verdsettelse av Statoil ASA

    OpenAIRE

    Drangsholt, Bjørn Harald

    2011-01-01

    I løpet av denne oppgaven vil jeg utføre en fundamental verdsettelse av Statoil ASA basert på offentlig tilgjengelig informasjon. Med utgangspunkt i en strategisk analyse og en regnskapsanalyse ønsker jeg å finne verdien av Statoil-aksjen. Oppgaven innledes med en kort presentasjon av Statoil ASA, der det gis et innblikk i historie, foretningsområde og organisasjonsstruktur. Deretter følger en metodedel hvor jeg gir en rask innføring i verdsettelsesteori, samt gir en begrunnelse for mitt ...

  15. ATLAS status and physics program

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: The ATLAS detector will observe proton collisions in the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN, which is scheduled for commissioning in 2007. When operational the LHC will collide protons at a centre-of-mass energy of 14 TeV with nominally 2 X 108 collisions per second at each of four beam-crossing points. ATLAS has been optimised for the detection of the hypothesised Higgs Boson, the only missing component of the otherwise experimentally well-verified electro-weak theory. In addition ATLAS is also sensitive to many other physics processes including QCD, b-physics, heavy ion interactions and those that could provide first evidence for super-symmetry. The current status of the LHC and the various aspects of the ATLAS detector will be discussed as well as the ability of ATLAS to observe new physics. The Australian contributions to the ATLAS project will also be described. These include: 1. Development and implementation of components of the Semi-Conductor Tracker (SCT), which provides spatial information for charged particles traversing the ATLAS inner detector. 2. Fast algorithms for simulating electromagnetic events in the calorimeter. 3. Development and application of fast reconstruction algorithms within the ATLAS software framework. 4. Analysis of Monte-Carlo data produced using simulated models of the ATLAS detector. The information provided will determine the most efficient strategies in searching for new physics once collisions at the LHC commence. 5. Advances in grid computing to handle the storage, transfer and offline processing of data amassed by LHC experiments, which totals over 2.4 P-bytes per annum. Copyright (2005) Australian Institute of Physics

  16. Orbital and physical parameters of eclipsing binaries from the ASAS catalogue -- I. A sample of systems with components' masses between 1 and 2 M$_\\odot$

    CERN Document Server

    Hełminiak, K G; Ratajczak, M; Muterspaugh, M

    2009-01-01

    We derive the absolute physical and orbital parameters for a sample of 18 detached eclipsing binaries from the \\emph{All Sky Automated Survey} (ASAS) database based on the available photometry and our own radial velocity measurements. The radial velocities (RVs) are computed using spectra we collected with the 3.9-m Anglo-Australian Telescope and its \\emph{University College London Echelle Spectrograph} and the 1.9-m SAAO Radcliffe telescope and its \\emph{Grating Instrument for Radiation Analysis with a Fibre Fed Echelle}. In order to obtain as precise RVs as possible, most of the systems were observed with an iodine cell available at the AAT/UCLES and/or analyzed using the two-dimensional cross-correlation technique (TODCOR). The RVs were measured with TODCOR using synthetic template spectra as references. However, for two objects we used our own approach to the tomographic disentangling of the binary spectra to provide observed template spectra for the RV measurements and to improve the RV precision even mo...

  17. Verdsetting av Norsk Hydro ASA

    OpenAIRE

    Holmgren, Truls Ekhorn

    2014-01-01

    I denne oppgaven vil jeg finne ut om Norsk Hydro ASAs egenkapitalverdi gjenspeiles i aksjekursen som vi finner på Oslo Børs. Problemstillingen blir da som følger: "Hva er egenkapitalverdien til Norsk Hydro ASA?" Oppgaven begynner med en presentasjon av Norsk Hydro ASA og dets virke. Etterfulgt av en framlegging av aktuell teori innenfor verdsetting. Videre følger en vurdering av selskapets strategiske posisjon. Til den strategiske analysen benyttes rammeverkene Porters Five Forces og PE...

  18. ASA24-Kids-2014 and ASA24-Kids-2012

    Science.gov (United States)

    >ASA24-Kids-2014 was released in February 2014 and researchers can still register new studies in this version of the ASA24® system. A mobile accessible version is in development and is expected to be open to new studies later in 2016.

  19. Status of charm flavor physics

    OpenAIRE

    Shipsey, I.

    2006-01-01

    The role of charm in testing the Standard Model description of quark mixing and CP violation through measurements of lifetimes, decay constants and semileptonic form factors is reviewed. Together with Lattice QCD, charm has the potential this decade to maximize the sensitivity of the entire flavor physics program to new physics. and pave the way for understanding physics beyond the Standard Model at the LHC in the ...

  20. Current Status of Nuclear Physics Research

    OpenAIRE

    Bertulani, C.A.; Hussein, M. S.

    2015-01-01

    In this review we discuss the current status of research in nuclear physics which is being carried out in different centers in the World. For this purpose we supply a short account of the development in the area which evolved over the last 9 decades, since the discovery of the neutron. The evolution of the physics of the atomic nucleus went through many stages as more data become available. We briefly discuss models introduced to discern the physics behind the experimental discoveries, such a...

  1. Status of Women In Physics in Australia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foley, C. P.

    2009-04-01

    The status of women in physics is Australia has remained mostly steady until recently, with the appointment of several eminent women in major government of public roles. Australia seems to maintain the same gender ratio for those studying and working in physics. There is no overall coordination of programs to assist women into the workplace but there is generally goodwill. Success in attracting and retaining women in the physics workforce appears to depend on the local culture, initiatives, and attitude of the most senior person in the organization.

  2. Present status of nuclear cluster physics (Theory)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Present status is discussed, from the theoretical viewpoint, for some selected topics of nuclear cluster physics. What is stressed here is that many of basic concepts of nuclear cluster physics since the days of K. Wildermuth are now examined and revived in new lights. An important example is the duality character of the ground-state wave function which was well known already in 1950's and has been recently revived in order to explain observed large magnitudes of E0 transitions between cluster states and the ground state in many nuclei. The other topics we discuss are (1) spatial localization of clusters v.s. THSR wave function, (2) coexistence of cluster states with mean-field-type states, and (3) spatial localization of clusters and ab initio calculations of cluster states

  3. The Pre-Main-Sequence Eclipsing Binary ASAS J052821+0338.5

    CERN Document Server

    Stempels, H C; Stassun, K G; Holtzman, J; Dunstone, N; Glowienka, L; Frandsen, S

    2008-01-01

    In this paper we present the first results of a detailed spectroscopic and photometric analysis of the V = 11.7m eclipsing binary ASAS J052821+0338.5. With the FIES spectrograph at the Nordic Optical Telescope we have obtained a series of high-resolution spectra (R=47000) covering the entire orbit of the system. In addition we obtained simultaneous broadband photometry from three small aperture telescopes. From these spectroscopic and photometric data we have derived the system's orbital parameters and determined the fundamental stellar parameters of the two components. Our results indicate that ASAS J052821+0338.5 is a K1/K3 pre-main-sequence eclipsing binary, with component masses of 1.38 M_sun and 1.33 M_sun and a period of 3.87 days, located at a distance of 280 +/- 30 pc. The kinematics, physical location and the evolutionary status of the two stars suggest that ASAS J052821+0338.5 is a member of the approximately 11 Myr old Orion OB1a subassociation. The systems also exhibits smooth 0.15m out-of-eclipse...

  4. Current Status of Nuclear Physics Research

    CERN Document Server

    Bertulani, C A

    2015-01-01

    In this review we discuss the current status of research in nuclear physics which is being carried out in different centers in the World. For this purpose we supply a short account of the development in the area which evolved over the last 9 decades, since the discovery of the neutron. The evolution of the physics of the atomic nucleus went through many stages as more data become available. We briefly discuss models introduced to discern the physics behind the experimental discoveries, such as the shell model, the collective model, the statistical model, the interacting boson model, etc., some of these models may be seemingly in conflict with each other, but this was shown to be only apparent. The richness of the ideas and abundance of theoretical models attests to the important fact that the nucleus is a really singular system in the sense that it evolves from two-body bound states such as the deuteron, to few-body bound states, such as $^4$He, $^7$Li, $^9$Be etc. and up the ladder to heavier bound nuclei co...

  5. Current status of nuclear physics research

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this review, we discuss the current status of research in nuclear physics which is being carried out in different centers in the world. For this purpose, we supply a short account of the development in the area which evolved over the last nine decades, since the discovery of the neutron. The evolution of the physics of the atomic nucleus went through many stages as more data became available. We briefly discuss models introduced to discern the physics behind the experimental discoveries, such as the shell model, the collective model, the statistical model, the interacting boson model, etc., some of these models may be seemingly in conflict with each other, but this was shown to be only apparent. The richness of the ideas and abundance of theoretical models attests to the important fact that the nucleus is a really singular system in the sense that it evolves from two-body bound states such as the deuteron, to few-body bound states, such as 4He, 7Li, 9Be, etc. and up the ladder to heavier bound nuclei containing up to more than 200 nucleons. Clearly, statistical mechanics, usually employed in systems with very large number of particles, would seemingly not work for such finite systems as the nuclei, neither do other theories which are applicable to condensed matter. The richness of nuclear physics stems from these restrictions. New theories and models are presently being developed. Theories of the structure and reactions of neutron-rich and proton-rich nuclei, called exotic nuclei, halo nuclei, or Borromean nuclei, deal with the wealth of experimental data that became available in the last 35 years. Furthermore, nuclear astrophysics and stellar and Big Bang nucleosynthesis have become a more mature subject. Due to limited space, this review only covers a few selected topics, mainly those with which the authors have worked on. Our aimed potential readers of this review are nuclear physicists and physicists in other areas, as well as graduate students interested in

  6. Current Status of Nuclear Physics Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bertulani, Carlos A.; Hussein, Mahir S.

    2015-12-01

    In this review, we discuss the current status of research in nuclear physics which is being carried out in different centers in the world. For this purpose, we supply a short account of the development in the area which evolved over the last nine decades, since the discovery of the neutron. The evolution of the physics of the atomic nucleus went through many stages as more data became available. We briefly discuss models introduced to discern the physics behind the experimental discoveries, such as the shell model, the collective model, the statistical model, the interacting boson model, etc., some of these models may be seemingly in conflict with each other, but this was shown to be only apparent. The richness of the ideas and abundance of theoretical models attests to the important fact that the nucleus is a really singular system in the sense that it evolves from two-body bound states such as the deuteron, to few-body bound states, such as 4He, 7Li, 9Be, etc. and up the ladder to heavier bound nuclei containing up to more than 200 nucleons. Clearly, statistical mechanics, usually employed in systems with very large number of particles, would seemingly not work for such finite systems as the nuclei, neither do other theories which are applicable to condensed matter. The richness of nuclear physics stems from these restrictions. New theories and models are presently being developed. Theories of the structure and reactions of neutron-rich and proton-rich nuclei, called exotic nuclei, halo nuclei, or Borromean nuclei, deal with the wealth of experimental data that became available in the last 35 years. Furthermore, nuclear astrophysics and stellar and Big Bang nucleosynthesis have become a more mature subject. Due to limited space, this review only covers a few selected topics, mainly those with which the authors have worked on. Our aimed potential readers of this review are nuclear physicists and physicists in other areas, as well as graduate students interested in

  7. Current status of nuclear physics research

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bertulani, Carlos A. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Texas A and M University-Commerce (United States); Hussein, Mahir S., E-mail: hussein@if.usp.br [Instituto Tecnologico de Aeronautica (ITA), Sao Jose dos Campos, SP (Brazil). Dept. de Fisica

    2015-12-15

    In this review, we discuss the current status of research in nuclear physics which is being carried out in different centers in the world. For this purpose, we supply a short account of the development in the area which evolved over the last nine decades, since the discovery of the neutron. The evolution of the physics of the atomic nucleus went through many stages as more data became available. We briefly discuss models introduced to discern the physics behind the experimental discoveries, such as the shell model, the collective model, the statistical model, the interacting boson model, etc., some of these models may be seemingly in conflict with each other, but this was shown to be only apparent. The richness of the ideas and abundance of theoretical models attests to the important fact that the nucleus is a really singular system in the sense that it evolves from two-body bound states such as the deuteron, to few-body bound states, such as {sup 4}He, {sup 7}Li, {sup 9}Be, etc. and up the ladder to heavier bound nuclei containing up to more than 200 nucleons. Clearly, statistical mechanics, usually employed in systems with very large number of particles, would seemingly not work for such finite systems as the nuclei, neither do other theories which are applicable to condensed matter. The richness of nuclear physics stems from these restrictions. New theories and models are presently being developed. Theories of the structure and reactions of neutron-rich and proton-rich nuclei, called exotic nuclei, halo nuclei, or Borromean nuclei, deal with the wealth of experimental data that became available in the last 35 years. Furthermore, nuclear astrophysics and stellar and Big Bang nucleosynthesis have become a more mature subject. Due to limited space, this review only covers a few selected topics, mainly those with which the authors have worked on. Our aimed potential readers of this review are nuclear physicists and physicists in other areas, as well as graduate

  8. Edexcel Physics ASA2 student unit guide

    CERN Document Server

    Bridgeman, Keith

    2013-01-01

    Perfect for revision, these guides explain the unit requirements, summarise the content and include specimen questions with graded answers. Each full-colour New Edition Student Unit Guide provides ideal preparation for your unit exam:.; Feel confident you understand the unit: each guide comprehensively covers the unit content and includes topic summaries, knowledge check questions and a reference index.; Get to grips with the exam requirements: the specific skills on which you will be tested are explored and explained.; Analyse exam-style questions: graded student responses will help you focus

  9. Nanometer aerosol size analyzer (nASA) and data inversion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Han, Hee Siew

    A fast-response Nanometer Aerosol Size Analyzer (nASA) that is capable of scanning 30 size channels between 3 and 100 nm in a total time of 3 seconds was developed. The analyzer includes a bipolar charger (Po 210), an extended-length Nano DMA, and an electrometer. This combination of components provides particle size spectra at a scan rate of 0.1 second per channel free of uncertainties caused by response-time induced smearing. In addition, because of its thermodynamically stable means of particle detection, the nASA is useful for applications requiring measurements over a broad range of sample pressures and temperatures. Indeed, experimental transfer functions determined for the extended-length Nano-DMA using the Tandem Differential Mobility Analyzer technique indicate the nASA provides good size resolution at pressures as low as 200 Torr, corresponding to measurement at an altitude of 10 km. The second part of this study is devoted to the selection of an accurate data inversion algorithm. From the simulation results, it is found that MICRON provides the most stable solutions with good accuracy and reasonable convergent speed especially when aerosol distribution functions are bi-modal. All subsequent nASA measurement results are inverted using the MICRON algorithm. A second generation nASA was developed for the later series of engine exhaust measurements. Several improvements are implemented to the nASA to enhance its performance and ease of use. First, its physical size is reduced and the capability for controlling the DMA flow rates via computer software is added. The former improves the portability of the instrument and the latter allows the nASA to have an wider aerosol size ranges. Finally, the system was used in the EXperiment to Characterize Aircraft Volatile Aerosol and Trace species Emissions (EXCAVATE) workshop to investigate aerosol size distribution from a Boeing 757 engine. The results show that the aerosol size distributions from the engine are

  10. Identity statuses in upper-division physics students

    OpenAIRE

    Irving, Paul W.; Sayre, Eleanor C.

    2015-01-01

    We use the theories of identity statuses and communities of practice to describe three different case studies of students finding their paths through undergraduate physics and developing a physics subject-specific identity. Each case study demonstrates a unique path that reinforces the link between the theories of communities of practice and identity statuses. The case studies also illustrate how students progress and regress in their commitment to their subject-specific identities and their ...

  11. The role of physical formidability in human social status allocation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lukaszewski, Aaron W; Simmons, Zachary L; Anderson, Cameron; Roney, James R

    2016-03-01

    Why are physically formidable men willingly allocated higher social status by others in cooperative groups? Ancestrally, physically formidable males would have been differentially equipped to generate benefits for groups by providing leadership services of within-group enforcement (e.g., implementing punishment of free riders) and between-group representation (e.g., negotiating with other coalitions). Therefore, we hypothesize that adaptations for social status allocation are designed to interpret men's physical formidability as a cue to these leadership abilities, and to allocate greater status to formidable men on this basis. These hypotheses were supported in 4 empirical studies wherein young adults rated standardized photos of subjects (targets) who were described as being part of a white-collar business consultancy. In Studies 1 and 2, male targets' physical strength positively predicted ratings of their projected status within the organization, and this effect was mediated by perceptions that stronger men possessed greater leadership abilities of within-group enforcement and between-group representation. Moreover, (a) these same patterns held whether status was conceptualized as overall ascendancy, prestige-based status, or dominance-based status, and (b) strong men who were perceived as aggressively self-interested were not allocated greater status. Finally, 2 experiments established the causality of physical formidability's effects on status-related perceptions by manipulating targets' relative strength (Study 3) and height (Study 4). In interpreting our findings, we argue that adaptations for formidability-based status allocation may have facilitated the evolution of group cooperation in humans and other primates. (PsycINFO Database Record PMID:26653896

  12. Power, Control and Status in Physical Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomson, Ian

    2003-01-01

    For most of the 20th century, Scottish teacher education in physical education, sport, and recreation were divided by gender and philosophy and provided by two specialist colleges. Analysis of the government's 1986 decision to merge the colleges focuses on the shift in power and control from the self-contained world of physical education to…

  13. Heavy Quarkonium Physics-Theoretical Status

    OpenAIRE

    Brambilla, N.; Vairo, A.

    2007-01-01

    Comment: To be published in Acta Physica Polonica, based on the invited talk given at 31st International Conference of Theoretical Physics: Matter to the Deepest: Recent Development in Physics of Fundamental Interactions, Ustron, Katowice, Poland, 5-11 Sep 2007. References added

  14. Experimental nuclear physics in Vietnam - recent status

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    It is really difficult to determine the exact date for the starting of nuclear physics research in Vietnam. Serious research on experimental nuclear physics began only since 1972 with the installation of such nuclear instrument like microtron accelerator, neutron generator, etc. During the past 20 years, hundred of research works have been published in local and foreign scientific journals. In the 5th national conference in Physics held in Hanoi in October 1993, at the Nuclear Physics section, 62 reports were presented reflecting the situation of nuclear physics research in the recent years, especially in the past five years. This review introduces its main results and formulates some perspectives of development in the late nineties in Vietnam. (K.A.). 27 refs., 4 figs., 6 tabs

  15. Identity statuses in upper-division physics students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Irving, Paul W.; Sayre, Eleanor C.

    2016-07-01

    We use the theories of identity statuses and communities of practice to describe three different case studies of students finding their paths through undergraduate physics and developing a physics subject-specific identity. Each case study demonstrates a unique path that reinforces the link between the theories of communities of practice and identity statuses. The case studies also illustrate how students progress and regress in their commitment to their subject-specific identities and their professional identities. The progression/regression is dependent on their willingness to explore different aspects of a physics professional identity and their availability to carry out such exploration. Identity status and future identity crises can manifest in students' behavior in the classroom. Allowing students to engage in more legitimate practices of the physics community, especially in the form of undergraduate research, helps students to explore their opportunities and inform the level of commitment they wish to make to physics.

  16. Adaptive simulated annealing (ASA): Lessons learned

    OpenAIRE

    Ingber, L.

    2000-01-01

    Adaptive simulated annealing (ASA) is a global optimization algorithm based on an associated proof that the parameter space can be sampled much more efficiently than by using other previous simulated annealing algorithms. The author's ASA code has been publicly available for over two years. During this time the author has volunteered to help people via e-mail, and the feedback obtained has been used to further develop the code. Some lessons learned, in particular some which are relevant to ot...

  17. Plasma physics - a new definition of its status

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The authors review the new status of plasma physics following the many developments in the field during the past few years. Besides thermonuclear physics, plasma physics has applications in energy technology, production technology and the lighting industry. Here the emphasis is on fundamental plasma physics which is less important for thermonuclear work. The following topics are all briefly discussed: 1) Characteristics and models including high temperature plasmas, thermonuclear plasmas, low temperature plasmas with high degrees of ionisation and low temperature plasmas with low degrees of ionisation; 2) Tangents with other areas of physics including plasma-astrophysics, atomic and molecular physics, sources for nuclear physics, surface physics, solid state physics and theoretical physics; 3) Plasmas in technology including thermal plasmas, magnetohydrodynamic generators, gas discharges in electricity production, evaporation, etching and other surface treatments. (C.F.)

  18. Identity statuses in upper-division physics students

    CERN Document Server

    Irving, Paul W

    2015-01-01

    We use the theories of identity statuses and communities of practice to describe three different case studies of students finding their paths through undergraduate physics and developing a physics subject-specific identity. Each case study demonstrates a unique path that reinforces the link between the theories of communities of practice and identity statuses. The case studies also illustrate how students progress and regress in their commitment to their subject-specific identities and their professional identities. The progression/regression is dependent on their willingness to explore different aspects of a physics professional identity and their availability to carry out such exploration. Identity status and future identity crises can manifest in students' behavior in the classroom. Allowing students to engage in more legitimate practices of the physics community, especially in the form of undergraduate research, helps students to explore their opportunities and inform the level of commitment they wish to ...

  19. The Best and the Brightest: Tidal Disruption Events Discovered by ASAS-SN

    Science.gov (United States)

    Warren-Son Holoien, Thomas; ASAS-SN

    2016-01-01

    Even today only human eyes scan the entire optical sky for the violent, variable, and transient events that shape our universe. The All-Sky Automated Survey for SuperNovae (ASAS-SN or "Assassin") is changing this by monitoring the visible sky to 17th magnitude every 2-3 days using multiple telescopes in the northern and southern hemispheres. Having been in operation for two years, ASAS-SN is discovering new transient objects daily, and while the primary goal of ASAS-SN is a complete survey of bright, nearby supernovae, ASAS-SN also discovers many other interesting nearby transients. Notably, ASAS-SN has discovered three bright tidal disruption events (TDEs), the three closest such events ever discovered at optical wavelengths, providing the opportunity to obtain detailed follow-up data at many wavelengths. ASAS-SN is discovering roughly 1 TDE for every 60 Type Ia supernovae, a rate that is significantly higher than other surveys. By virtue of their brightness, TDEs discovered by ASAS-SN can also be studied in unprecedented detail for many months, allowing deeper insight into their physics.

  20. Status and hadron physics program of J-PARC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ozawa K.

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Current status and hadron physics programs of Japan Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC are reported. Several physics programs are proposed at the Hadron Hall of J-PARC. Strangeness and hyper nuclear physics is undertaken at K1.8 beam line. Study of meson nucleon bound system is underway at K1.8BR beam line. After the earthquake, all beam line components and experimental setups are reassembled. Protons are successfully accelerated in the last December and hadron physics experiments are resumed in this February. In this manuscript, status of on-going experiment and near future plans of such physics programs are reported. Especially, a new beam line for a primary protons and high momentum secondary particles is proposed to study meson properties in nucleus.

  1. Comparison of Risk Scoring Systems to Predict the Outcome in ASA-PS V Patients Undergoing Surgery: A Retrospective Cohort Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yurtlu, Derya Arslan; Aksun, Murat; Ayvat, Pnar; Karahan, Nagihan; Koroglu, Lale; Aran, Gülcin Önder

    2016-03-01

    Operative decision in American Society of Anesthesiology Physical Status (ASA-PS) V patient is difficult as this group of patients expected to have high mortality rate. Another risk scoring system in this ASA-PS V subset of patients can aid to ease this decision.Data of ASA-PS V classified patients between 2011 and 2013 years in a single hospital were analyzed in this study. Predicted mortality of these patients was determined with acute physiology and chronic health evaluations (APACHE) II, simplified acute physiology score (SAPS II), Charlson comorbidity index (CCI), Porthsmouth physiological and operative severity score for enumeration of mortality and morbidity (P-POSSUM), Surgical apgar score (SAS), and Goldman cardiac risk index (GCRI) scores. Observed and predicted mortality rates according to the risk indexes in these patients were compared at survivor and nonsurvivor group of patients. Risk stratification was made with receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curve analysis.Data of 89 patients were included in the analyses. Predicted mortality rates generated by APACHE II and SAPS II scoring systems were significantly different between survivor and nonsurvivor group of patients. Risk stratification with ROC analysis revealed that area under curve was 0.784 and 0.681 for SAPS II and APACHE II scoring systems, respectively. Highest sensitivity (77.3) is reached with SAPS II score.APACHE II and SAPS II are better predictive tools of mortality in ASA-PS V classified subset of patients. Discrimination power of SAPS II score is the best among the compared risk stratification scores. SAPS II can be suggested as an additional risk scoring system for ASA-PS V patients. PMID:27043696

  2. The current status of women in physics in Tanzania

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mohammed, Najat K.; Kazmili, Brenda

    2015-12-01

    Women's representation in physics in Tanzania is generally low. Various studies have shown that Tanzanian girls face obstacles to realizing their educational and intellectual capabilities. The situation is even worse in the field of physics because of the perception that the subject is too difficult. The number of women in physics at the university level is highly associated with their number in secondary school level as well as their performance. This paper analyzes the current status of women engaged in physics in Tanzania in the academic and research institutions.

  3. Status and hadron physics program of J-PARC

    OpenAIRE

    Ozawa K.

    2012-01-01

    Current status and hadron physics programs of Japan Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC) are reported. Several physics programs are proposed at the Hadron Hall of J-PARC. Strangeness and hyper nuclear physics is undertaken at K1.8 beam line. Study of meson nucleon bound system is underway at K1.8BR beam line. After the earthquake, all beam line components and experimental setups are reassembled. Protons are successfully accelerated in the last December and hadron physics experiments are resu...

  4. SNO+: Physics program and status update

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sibley, L. [Department of Physics, 4-181 CCIS, University of Alberta, Edmonton AB, T6G 2E1 (Canada); Collaboration: SNO+ Collaboration

    2014-06-24

    Joining the current generation of neutrinoless double beta decay experiments, SNO+ is a kilotonne-scale liquid scintillator neutrino detector housed 2 km underground in Vale Canada Ltd’s Creighton Mine near Sudbury, Ontario, Canada. Through re-purposing existing hardware in place for the now decommissioned Sudbury Neutrino Observatory (SNO), and employing a rigourous materials purification and selection program, SNO+ will investigate neutrinoless double beta decay of {sup 130}Te. Owing to its size, SNO+ expects a sensitivity to the effective Majorana neutrino mass near 100 meV with a 0.3% loading of natural Te and several years of data collection. Designed as a general purpose detector, SNO+ also has a robust physics program that includes investigations of solar and supernova neutrinos, and reactor and geo anti-neutrinos. Construction of the detector is nearly complete, with the first water-fill commissioning phase set to begin at the end of this year and the neutrinoless double beta decay phase following in late 2014.

  5. Verdsettelse av Renewable Energy Corporation ASA

    OpenAIRE

    Dahlberg, Jonas; Fredriksen, Marius Sletbakk

    2011-01-01

    I denne bacheloroppgaven har vi hatt verdsettelse som tema, der vi har sett nærmere på Renewable Energy Corporation ASA(REC). Problemstillingen vår har vært: “Hva er verdien av Renewable Energy Corporation ASA 1.1.2011?” REC er en vertikalt integrert bedrift som produserer solenergi. De er et konsern som driver i alle deler av verdikjeden, fra produksjon av silisium – wafere – solceller – solcellepanel – solcellemoduler. Selskapet ble notert på Oslo Børs i 2006 til en aksjekurs på 107,5...

  6. Physics potential and the status of DOE upgrade at Fermilab

    CERN Document Server

    Jaehoon, Yu

    2001-01-01

    The DOE experiment is one of the two collider experiments at Fermilab. The DOE detector is a multipurpose detector and took its data during Fermilab TeVatron collider run in 1992-1996. Both the DO detector and the Tevatron accelerator at Fermilab are currently undergoing significant upgrade to extend the reach to new physics and to further probe Standard Model. In this paper, physics potential of the upgraded DOE detector and the upgrade status are discussed.

  7. Asa Grant Hilliard III: Scholar Supreme

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watkins, William H.

    2008-01-01

    This integrative review uses two of Asa Grant Hilliard's books, "SBA: The Reawakening of the African Mind" and "The Maroon Within Us: Selected Essays on African American Community Socialization", to discuss aspects of his scholarly legacy in teaching, history, and psychology. His scholarship is provocative. Hilliard rejected the supremacy of the…

  8. Effects of Daily Physical Education on Physical Fitness and Weight Status in Middle School Adolescents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erfle, Stephen E.; Gamble, Abigail

    2014-01-01

    Background: In 2009, the Pennsylvania Department of Health developed the Active Schools Program (ASP) which required 30?minutes of daily physical education (PE) in middle schools to reduce childhood obesity. This investigation evaluated the ASP effects on physical fitness and weight status in middle school adolescents throughout 1 academic year.…

  9. Bullied Status and Physical Activity in Texas Adolescents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Case, Kathleen R; Pérez, Adriana; Saxton, Debra L; Hoelscher, Deanna M; Springer, Andrew E

    2016-06-01

    This study examined the association between having been bullied at school during the past 6 months ("bullied status") and not meeting physical activity (PA) recommendations of 60 minutes of daily PA during the past week among 8th- and 11th-grade Texas adolescents. Multiple logistic regression analysis was conducted to examine this association, adjusted for weight status, grade, race/ethnicity, and stratified by gender; furthermore, a significant interaction was found between bullied status and weight status. Results are presented by interaction status. Results indicated that overweight girls who reported never being bullied, as well as those who reported being bullied more than twice, had higher odds of not meeting PA recommendations than normal weight girls who were never bullied (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] = 2.12, 95% confidence interval [CI: 1.12, 3.99]; AOR = 9.18, 95% CI [2.26, 37.27], respectively). Obese girls who were bullied once or twice had higher odds of not meeting PA recommendations than normal weight girls who were never bullied (AOR = 2.89, 95% CI [1.06, 7.89]). Overweight boys who reported never being bullied had lower odds of not meeting PA recommendations than normal weight boys who were never bullied (AOR = 0.62, 95% CI [0.39, 0.97]). Conversely, obese boys who were bullied once or twice reported higher odds of not meeting PA recommendations than normal weight boys who were never bullied (AOR = 3.61, 95% CI [1.22, 10.67]). Findings from this study indicate that the association between bullied status and meeting PA recommendations is complex and may differ by gender and the interaction between bullied status and weight status. PMID:26304711

  10. ASAS = NASA's Advanced Solid-state Array Spectroradiometer: 1988 -2000

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — The Advanced Solid-State Array Spectroradiometer (ASAS) data collection contains data collected by the ASAS sensor flown aboard NASA aircraft. A fundamental use of...

  11. Status of plasma physics research activities in Egypt

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The status of plasma physics research activities in Egypt is reviewed. There are nine institutes with plasma research activities. The largest is the Atomic energy Authority (AEA), which has activities in fundamental plasma studies, fusion technology, plasma and laser applications, and plasma simulation. The experiments include Theta Pinches, a Z Pinch, a coaxial discharge, a glow discharge, a CO2 laser, and the EGYPTOR tokamak. (author)

  12. Anaesthesia related mortality in ASA-1 and 2 patients as a quality improvement indicator

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Quality and safety in anesthesia is usually monitored by analysis of perioperative mortality-morbidity and incidents. Clinical quality indicator, death within 48 hours of anaesthesia exposure is considered to be a flag that can alert to possible problems in individual patient care. The measurement of perioperative mortality as a quality indicator is a continuous peer reviewed quality improvement activity. Medical records and morbidity and mortality files were reviewed to see the trends and finding the benchmark of mortality in ASA-1 and 2 patient who died between 1992-2006 within 48 hours of anaesthesia exposure. Mortality in class 1 was nil. Anaesthetic mortality in ASA-1 and 2 patients were 0.35 per 10,000 and 0.74 per 10,000 of ASA-2 patient's volume. Anaesthesia-related mortality was 0.17 per 10,000 and 0.37 per 10,000 of ASA-2 patient's volume which is almost double of the overall calculated incidence. We suggest continuing monitoring of anaesthesia related mortality as a continuous quality indicator in developing countries. The reporting and analyzing of data according to the ASA status volume should be taken as a denominator. The available benchmark will help in evaluating the confounding factors and perioperative care of a particular group of patients. (author)

  13. Asa Gray and Charles Darwin: Corresponding Naturalists

    OpenAIRE

    Browne, Janet E

    2010-01-01

    Recent work on the rise of science in the nineteenth century has encouraged historians to look again at the role of correspondence. Naturalists relied extensively on this form of contact and correspondence was a major element in generating a community of experts who agreed on what comprised valid knowledge. As a leading figure in the development of North American botany, Asa Gray found that letters with botanists and collectors all over the world greatly expanded his areas of influence. La...

  14. Current status and improvement of the nuclear physics experiment course for speciality of nuclear physics and nuclear technology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The author reviews the current status of the nuclear physics experiment course for speciality of nuclear physics and nuclear technology in higher education and expresses author's views on the future improvement of the nuclear physics experiment course

  15. Predictive validity of the ASAS classification criteria for axial and peripheral spondyloarthritis after follow-up in the ASAS cohort

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sepriano, Alexandre; Landewé, Robert; van der Heijde, Désirée;

    2016-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To establish the predictive validity of the Assessment of SpondyloArthritis international Society (ASAS) spondyloarthritis (SpA) classification criteria. METHODS: 22 centres (N=909 patients) from the initial 29 ASAS centres (N=975) participated in the ASAS-cohort follow-up study. Patie...

  16. Current status and future trends of medical physics in Mexico

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Medical Physics is an area that applies the principles of physics to medicine, particularly in the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of diseases using ionizing and nonionizing radiation. The main attractive of medical physics is that it has a direct impact on the quality and safety of medical care in humans; this social component with direct implications for the population is of high value for Mexico. This paper describes the concepts of medical physics, trends and the current status of this discipline as a profession, which is directly related to the efforts of clinical research. It is also described what is, in my opinion, the future of medical physics in Mexico, emphasizing the fact that this field requires a substantial boost from universities and hospitals to recruit highly qualified young medical physicists and the support from government agencies such as Secretaria de Salud, Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social and Instituto de Seguridad y Servicios Sociales para los Trabajadores del Estado through clinical research projects that allow the necessary evolution of medical physics into the hospital setting

  17. Current status and future trends of medical physics in Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Azorin Nieto, J.

    2015-01-01

    Medical Physics is an area that applies the principles of physics to medicine, particularly in the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of diseases using ionizing and nonionizing radiation. The main attractive of medical physics is that it has a direct impact on the quality and safety of medical care in humans; this social component with direct implications for the population is of high value for Mexico. This paper describes the concepts of medical physics, trends and the current status of this discipline as a profession, which is directly related to the efforts of clinical research. It is also described what is, in my opinion, the future of medical physics in Mexico, emphasizing the fact that this field requires a substantial boost from universities and hospitals to recruit highly qualified young medical physicists and the support from government agencies such as Secretaria de Salud, Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social and Instituto de Seguridad y Servicios Sociales para los Trabajadores del Estado through clinical research projects that allow the necessary evolution of medical physics into the hospital setting.

  18. The Relationship between Occupational Status and Physical Activity in Korea.

    Science.gov (United States)

    So, Wi-Young; Yoo, Byoung-Wook; Sung, Dong Jun

    2016-10-01

    This study examined the association between occupational status and physical activity (PA) in Korea. A total of 9,000 Koreans age 10 to 89 years participated in the Korean Survey of Citizens' Sports Participation project in 2012. However, 3,851 participants were excluded from the analysis (housewives, students, and the jobless), providing a sample size of 5,149 participants (3,165 men and 1,984 women) for this study. The association between occupational status and PA was then evaluated using multivariate logistic regression analysis. The odds ratios (ORs; 95% confidence interval [CI]) for reporting at least weekly PA according to job intensity, after adjusting for sex and age, were as follows: moderate-intensity jobs, 1.164 [1.026, 1.320], p = .018; and vigorous-intensity jobs, 1.591 [1.318, 1.921], p Koreans. PMID:27177230

  19. International linear collider physics and detectors. 2011 status report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brau, James E. [Oregon Univ., OR (United States); Fuster, Juan [Instituto de Fisica Corpuscular, Valencia (Spain); Hesla, Leah [Fermi National Accelerator Lab., Batavia, IL (United States). NASA/Fermilab Astrophysics Center; Illenseer, Monika; Warmbein, Barbara [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany); Royole-Degieux, Perrine [CNRS/IN2P3, Paris (France); Takahashi, Rika [High Energy Accelerator Research Organization (KEK), Tsukuba, Ibaraki (Japan); Yamada, Sakue [High Energy Accelerator Research Organization (KEK), Tsukuba, Ibaraki (Japan); Tokyo Univ. (Japan); Yamamoto, Hitoshi [Tohoku Gakuin Univ., Sendai (Japan); Min, Zhang (eds.) [IHEP, Beijing (China)

    2011-07-01

    The studies of physics and detectors for the International Linear Collider are an important parallel element to the effort for the ILC Technical Design Report. The studies comprise the physics opportunities, detector requirements, and detector development to achieve the challenging high performance demanded by the physics, as well as integration of detectors into the accelerator. The current phase of this effort began with a call for Letters of Intent (LOIs) in 2007 and will lead to the submission of Detailed Baseline Design (DBD) report together with the ILC Technical Design Report at the end of 2012. Here we summarise the current status of this process, review what it has accomplished and identify the work that still needs to be completed. This report, titled International Linear Collider Physics and Detectors: 2011 Status Report, does just this. This report begins with a discussion of the outstanding issues in physics that motivate the construction of the ILC. It describes the organisation of the LOI process, the validation of the LOIs by the International Detector Advisory Group, and the results of R and D carried out to support the detector designs. The details of the concept detectors have already been published in the LOIs, which were completed in 2009. This report will, in a complementary way, describe the status of the detector R and D for each individual detector component and the status of the physics simulation infrastructure that has been built for the detector design process. Much of this work is carried out in cooperation between the two detector concept groups. This report describes the five common task groups and two working groups that have organised these cooperative activities. Many members of the detector concept groups and the common task groups have contributed to this report. Many more people have carried out the actual work that is reviewed. The complete list of members of each detector concept group can be found from the author lists of

  20. First Light Curve Analyses of Binary Systems AO Aqr, CW Aqr and ASAS 012206-4924.7

    CERN Document Server

    Ulas, Burak

    2015-01-01

    Using the data from the public database of the All Sky Automated Survey ({\\tt ASAS}) we performed the very first light curve analyses of the three eclipsing binary systems \\astrobj{AO~Aqr}, \\astrobj{CW~Aqr} and \\astrobj{ASAS~012206-4924.7}. The physical parameters of the systems were determined by the {\\tt PHOEBE} software. From an analysis of the ASAS data it was concluded that AO~Aqr was found to be a contact binary system while CW~Aqr and ASAS~012206-4924.7 were found to be near--contact and detached binaries, respectively. Finally, the locations of the components, corresponding to the estimated physical parameters, in the HR diagram were also discussed.

  1. Elementary particle physics and cosmology: current status and prospects

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The current status of elementary particle physics can be briefly summarized as follows: the Standard Model of elementary particles is perfectly (at the level of radiation effects!) adequate in describing all the available experimental data except for the recent indications of neutrino oscillations. At the same time, much (and possibly most) of today's cosmology is not encompassed by the Standard Model - a fact which, together with intrinsic theoretical difficulties and the neutrino oscillation challenge, strongly indicates that the Standard Model is incomplete. It is expected that in the current decade a 'new physics', i.e. particles and interactions beyond the Standard Model, will emerge. Major advances in cosmology, both in terms of qualitatively improved observations and theoretical analysis of the structure and evolution of the Universe, are expected as well. (special issue)

  2. Physical growth and nutritional status of elite rhythmic gymnasts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gómez-Campos, R.1 ; Camargo, C.2 ; Arruda, M.1 ; Cossio-Bolanos, M. A.1

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To compare the physical growth of weightand height of elite rhythmic gymnasts with referenceto the World Health Organization and determine thenutritional status through muscle and fat areas of arm,proposed by Frisancho.Material and Methods: We studied 136 elite rhythmicgymnasts from Brazil. The athletes were selected in anon-probabilistic (intentional. The anthropometric variables evaluated were weight, height, height-cephalictrunk, arm circumference and triceps skinfold relaxedright arm. Weight and height were compared with thereference of the World Health Organization and nutritional status was assessed by muscle and fat area proposed by Frisancho.Results: The gymnasts are low in body weight (p 0.05. Regarding nutritional status, we observed that 13.5% are at risk of malnutrition andmalnutrition 12.5% depending on the subject protein.In the case of caloric reserves, 11.5% are at risk ofmalnutrition and malnutrition 12.5%, respectively. Ingeneral, similar values gymnasts muscle area and lowvalues of fat area in relation to the reference whencompared to the p-50.Conclusion: The results suggest that young people ofthis sport have low caloric values of reserves due tohigh intensity training to which they are exposed.

  3. The effect of immigration status on physics identity and physical science career intentions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lung, Florin; Potvin, Geoff; Sonnert, Gerhard; Sadler, Philip M.

    2012-02-01

    Using data collected from a nationally-representative sample of first-year college students, we examine how students' identity development as physics persons and their likelihood to pursue a career in physical science is predicted by differing immigrant experiences. We consider broad factors having a social, economic, or cultural nature as covariates in a propensity score model that assesses differences due to immigrant generation. Our results show that, when controlling for such factors as race/ethnicity, socio-economic status, and gender, students' physics identities and the likelihood of choosing a career in physical science are significantly higher amongst first generation students than second generation (or later) students. We conclude that physical science as a career option can be influenced by the experiences of being an immigrant and through the relationship between origin and host culture.

  4. Nutritional status and physical activity of childhood leukemia survivors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Conny Tanjung

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Background Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL, the most common malignancy of childhood, has an overall cure rate of approximately 80%. Long-term survivors of childhood ALL are at increased risk for obesity and physical inactivity that may lead to the development of diabetes, dyslipidemia, metabolic syndrome, as well as cardiovascular diseases, and related mortality in the years following treatment. Objective To evaluate the physical activity and the propensity for developing obesity longer term in ALL survivors. Methods This retrospective cohort study included all ALL survivors from Pantai Indah Kapuk (PIK Hospital. We assessed their physical activity and nutritional status at the first time of ALL diagnosis and at the time of interview. Results Subjects were 15 ALL survivors aged 7 to 24 years. The median follow up time was 6.4 years (range 3 to 10 years. Only 2 out of 15 survivors were overweight and none were obese. All survivors led a sedentary lifestyle. Most female subjects had increased BMI, though most were not overweight/obese. Steroid therapy in the induction phase did not increase the risk of developing obesity in ALL survivors. Conclusion Long-term survivors of childhood ALL do not meet physical activity recommendations according to the CDC (Centers for Disease Control. However, steroid therapy do not seem to lead to overweight/obesity in ALL survivors

  5. Vitamin and mineral status: effects on physical performance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lukaski, Henry C

    2004-01-01

    Public health recommendations encourage the selection of a balanced diet and increasing physical activity to foster health and well-being. Whereas the adverse effects of restricted intakes of protein, fat, and carbohydrate on physical performance are well known, there is limited information about the impact of low intakes of vitamins and minerals on the exercise capacity and performance of humans. Physically active people generally consume amounts of vitamins and minerals consistent with the recommendations for the general public. However, when intakes are less than recommendations, some noticeable functional impairments occur. Acute or short-term marginal deficiencies, identified by blood biochemical measures of vitamin B status, had no impacts on performance measures. Severe deprivation of folate and vitamin B12 result in anemia and reduce endurance work performance. Evidence of vitamin A and E deficiencies in athletic individuals is lacking apparently because body storage is appreciable. In contrast to vitamins, marginal mineral deficiencies impair performance. Iron deficiency, with or without anemia, impairs muscle function and limits work capacity. Magnesium deprivation increases oxygen requirements to complete submaximal exercise and reduces endurance performance. Use of vitamin and mineral supplements does not improve measures of performance in people consuming adequate diets. Young girls and individuals participating in activities with weight classifications or aesthetic components are prone to nutrient deficiencies because they restrict food intake and specific micronutrient-rich foods. This information will be useful to professionals who counsel physically active people and scientific groups who make dietary recommendations to improve health and optimize genetic potential. PMID:15212745

  6. Theoretical physics department, june 96-may 98 status report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This status report presents the work done at SPhT (service de physique theorique, CEA) from june 96 to may 98. The topics have been classified into 3 themes: - statistical physics, - mathematical physics and field theory, - astrophysics, nuclear and particle physics. In the first theme relevant contributions have been made to phase transitions, correlated electronic systems, polymers, membranes, proteins, disordered systems and out of equilibrium processes. The second theme collects various works, some works dedicated to aleatory matrices and quantum chaos aim at developing investigation methods, other works like cord theories use these methods. As for the third theme, the recent discovery of the fluctuations of background cosmological radiation has fomented a great activity at SPhT. Mean field approximation and effective strength have been the starting point of research in the field of nuclear structure. High energy quantum chromodynamics has been applied to deep inelastic scattering where the proton structure is studied through electron-proton collisions. A list of all the publications made by SPhT is given. (A.C.)

  7. Theoretical and Phenomenological Status of Neutrino Physics: A Brief Review

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We present an overview of recent progress in the theoretical and phenomenological studies of neutrino masses, lepton avor mixing, and CP violation. Firstly, We discuss the status of neutrino mass with in the Standard Model (SM) of particle physics. Then the possible ways in which neutrino mass terms can be included in the SM are discussed. The inclusion of new physics beyond the SM inevitably brings new parameters which are not constrained by the present experimental data on neutrino masses and mixing angles and, thus, are free parameters of the theory. We, also, discuss various theoretically motivated phenomenological approaches which can be used to reduce the number of free parameters and, thus, provide an excellent tool to understand the underlying physics of neutrino masses and mixings. Current experimental constraints on the neutrino mass spectrum and the lepton avor mixing parameters, including the recent observation of nonzero θ13, have been summarized. Finally, We discuss the renewed interest in the possible existence of one or more sterile neutrinos and their phenomenology

  8. Sum-Trigger-II status and prospective physics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    MAGIC is a stereoscopic system of 2 Imaging Air Cherenkov Telescopes (IACTs) for very high energy gamma-ray astronomy, located at La Palma (Spain). Lowering the energy threshold of IACTs is crucial for the observation of Pulsars, high redshift AGNs and GRBs. A novel trigger strategy, based on the analogue sum of a patch of pixels, can lead to a lower threshold compared to conventional digital triggers. In the last years, a major upgrade of the MAGIC telescopes took place in order to optimize the performances, mainly in the low energy domain. The PMTs camera and the reflective surface of MAGIC-I, as well as both readout systems, have been deeply renovated. The last important milestone is the implementation of a new stereoscopic analogue trigger, dubbed Sum-Trigger-II. The installation successfully ended in 2014 and the first data set has been already taken. Currently the fine-tuning of the main parameters as well as the comparison with Monte Carlo studies is ongoing. In this talk the status of Sum-Trigger-II and the future prospective physics cases at very low energy are presented.

  9. Young today-adult tomorrow! Studies on physical status, physical activity, attitudes, and self-perception in children and adolescents

    OpenAIRE

    Sollerhed, Ann-Christin

    2006-01-01

    The aim was to gain knowledge of young people's physical status and physical activity, and to further the understanding of the role of school physical education in a salutogenic public health perspective. Two studies were performed in southern Sweden. Study 1 was performed in 1996 among 301 adolescents aged 16-19 in upper secondary school. It comprised three parts: a questionnaire, seven physical tests, anthropometrical measures and information on every student's grades. Study 2, with...

  10. THE CORRELATION BETWEEN PHYSICAL ACTIVITIES AND DEPRESSION STATUS AMONG THE UNIVERSITY STUDENTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    İrfan

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The study aimed at examining the correlation between physical activity levels and depression status among the university students. The study was a correlational research and was conducted with cross-sectional method. The sample of the study was composed of 906 students who studied at the Afyon Kocatepe University. The data of the study were collected using a questionnaire form consisted of items about personal information and physical activities and depression status. The data were evaluated with SPSS statistical software. First; descriptive statistical data were gathered. The correlational status among the variables was analyzed with Pearson Correlation Coefficients. The differences of depression status in terms of physical activity levels of the students were analyzed with ANOVA test. As a result of the study; it was found out that there was a statistically significant difference between physical activity levels and depression status of the students in terms of gender variable. It was identified that there was a significant difference in depression status of the students in terms of their physical activity levels (p<0.01. It was seen that there was a negative correlation between physical activity levels and depression status of the students (p<0.001. In conclusion; it was found out that physical activity MET scores of the female students were lower than male students while their depression levels were higher than male students and depression levels of the students decreased as their physical activity levels increased.

  11. The Role of Partnership Status on Late-Life Physical Function*

    OpenAIRE

    Clouston, Sean; Lawlor, Andrea; Verdery, Ashton

    2014-01-01

    This study examined the socioeconomic pathways linking partnership status to physical functioning, assessed using objective measures of late life physical functioning including peak flow and grip strength. Using Wave 4 of the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE), we ran multilevel models to examine the relationship between partnership status and physical function in late life, adjusting for social-network characteristics, socioeconomic factors, and health behaviours. We f...

  12. Socio-economic status and physical activity among adolescents: The mediating role of self-esteem

    OpenAIRE

    Veselska, Z.; Geckova, A. Madarasova; Reijneveld, S.A.; Dijk, J.P. van

    2011-01-01

    Objectives: Physical activity is an essential part of a healthy lifestyle in adolescence. Previous studies have shown physical activity to be associated with socio-economic status and self-esteem; the latter association may mediate the former, but evidence on this is lacking. The aim of this study was to explore the associations of socioeconomic status and the self-esteem of adolescents with physical activity, and their joint effects. Methods: A sample of 3694 elementary-school students from ...

  13. Analysis on factors of affecting the status of physical education in Chinese school

    OpenAIRE

    Jin Chengquan

    2016-01-01

    Focusing on the current marginalized status of school physical education in Chinese school education, using the method of literature, interview and investigation, this paper from the perspective of sociology analyzed the affecting factors of status of school physical education in our country and hoped to provide reference for the reform and development of school physical education and school education. The results showed much attention of government administration and school leaders paying to...

  14. The Cross-Cultural Association Between Marital Status and Physical Aggression Between Intimate Partners

    OpenAIRE

    Bernards, Sharon; Graham, Kathryn

    2013-01-01

    Some research suggests that the risk of physical aggression by an intimate partner is related to marital status, but this relationship may vary across cultures and by gender. In the present study, we systematically examine the relationship between marital status and physical partner aggression by gender across 19 countries. Logistic and multilevel regression confirmed previous findings of lower rates of physical aggression for legally married versus cohabiting and separated/divorced women and...

  15. DOF ASA : an offshore service company organized for expansion

    OpenAIRE

    Vad, Jan Tore; Engås, Aleksander

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this thesis is a valuation of DOF ASA with a thorough analysis of the offshore service market. The valuation is based on public available information up until November 2010, and discussions with CFO Hilde Drønnen at DOF ASA. The market analysis is based on reports and presentations obtained from various Norwegian investment houses that cover the offshore service and subsea market. We will compile and use them as input in a market model. The market analysis conclu...

  16. Italian: AS/A2 Digital Reading Practice Tests 2009

    OpenAIRE

    Bertoni, Silvia; Nocchi, Susanna

    2009-01-01

    AS/A2 Digital Reading Practice Tests 2009 consists of authentic reading material and practice test questions. This resource is ideal for practising, improving and building up students’ reading skills in preparation for the AS/A2 Level exams in the UK.The tests are also suitable practice materials for students preparing for other advanced level exams, such as Irish Leaving Certificate, International Baccalaureate or Advance Placement.

  17. The role of partnership status on late-life physical function.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clouston, Sean A P; Lawlor, Andrea; Verdery, Ashton M

    2014-12-01

    This study examined the socioeconomic pathways linking partnership status to physical functioning, assessed using objective measures of late life physical functioning, including peak flow and grip strength. Using Wave 4 of the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE), we ran multilevel models to examine the relationship between partnership status and physical function in late life, adjusting for social-network characteristics, socioeconomic factors, and health behaviours. We found a robust relationship between partnership status and physical function. Incorporating social-network characteristics, socioeconomic factors, and health behaviours showed independent robust relationships with physical function. Co-variates attenuated the impact of cohabitation, separation, and widowhood on physical function; robust effects were found for singlehood and divorce. Sex-segregated analyses suggest that associations between cohabitation, singlehood, divorce, and widowhood were larger for men than for women. Results suggest that social ties are important to improved physical function. PMID:25222477

  18. The Status of Women in Physics in Sudan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abdelbagi, Abdrazig M.; Sirelkhatim, Amna H.; Abdelrahman, Wafaa S.; Osman, Mai E.; Shatir, Tahani S.

    2009-04-01

    The progress of women in physics education in the last five years was surveyed in the six top universities in Sudan. The data reveal great increases in the number of females studying undergraduate physics. Most were studying experimental physics rather than theoretical physics, especially the laser and electronics fields. It appears undergraduate laboratory experiments are an important factor in attracting women to physics. Our survey found that girls are encouraged to study physics at the high school level. However, the data also showed that the fewer tendencies to study physics among the women after high school are due to the limited job opportunities and low income of teachers. Postgraduate physics study is handicapped by lack of institutions, financial constraints, and lack of qualified advisors. Improvement of education systems and new ways of teaching will have great influences on attracting women to physics in Sudan.

  19. Effects of paracetamol and propacetamol on gastric mucosal damage and gastric lipid peroxidation caused by acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) in rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Galunska, B; Marazova, K; Tankova, T; Popov, A; Frangov, P; Krushkov, I; Di Massa, A

    2002-08-01

    We have studied the effect of paracetamol and its pro-drug propacetamol on gastric mucosal damage induced by acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) and its possible relation to changes in gastric lipid peroxidation status in rats. Paracetamol or propacetamol were administered intragastrically 1h before ASA (300 mg kg(-1)) in the following equivalent doses: 62.5, 125.0 and 250.0 mg kg(-1) or 125.0, 250.0 and 500.0 mg kg(-1), respectively. The effects of the tested agents were compared to that of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) 15, 30 and 60 mg kg(-1). Gastric ulcer formation was estimated morphometrically 4h after ASA administration. Malondialdehyde (MDA), glutathione (reduced, GSH, and oxidized, GSSG) and uric acid (UA) were determined in gastric mucosa and blood plasma and used as biochemical markers of the oxidative status. The results showed that paracetamol (250, 125, 62.5 mg kg(-1)) and propacetamol (500, 250, 125 mg kg(-1)) diminished the area of ASA-induced gastric lesions. The effect of propacetamol was more pronounced than that of paracetamol and similar to that of PGE2. Gastric MDA increased 3-fold in the ASA-group. The tested agents reduced it by a range of 30-70%. In all pretreated groups gastric glutathione and UA levels were found higher than that of control group and lower than that of ASA-group. Paracetamol and propacetamol, as well as PGE2, diminished the lipid peroxidation in plasma to a lesser extent than in gastric mucosa, but maintained elevated levels of the selective plasma antioxidant UA. These results show that the ASA-induced gastric mucosal damage is accompanied by the development of oxidative stress, evidenced by the accumulation of MDA, and concomitant initial activation of cell antioxidant defences. As paracetamol and propacetamol tend to decrease gastric lesions caused by ASA and alter gastric mucosal MDA, glutathione and UA values in a favorable manner, it could be suggested that their effects on the gastric mucosa could be related to interference with

  20. Relations of Gender and Socioeconomic Status to Physics through Metacognition and Self-Efficacy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yerdelen-Damar, Sevda; Pesman, Haki

    2013-01-01

    The authors explored how gender and socioeconomic status (SES) predicted physics achievement as mediated by metacognition and physics self-efficacy. Data were collected from 338 high school students. The model designed for exploring how gender and SES-related differences in physics achievement were explained through metacognition and physics…

  1. Shifting and Narrowing Masculinity Hierarchies in Physical Education: Status Matters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tischler, Amy; McCaughtry, Nate

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine boys' perceptions of masculinity hierarchies in adventure physical education in relation to past experiences in sport-based physical education and their evolving views about physical activity in their lives. Theoretical principles of masculinity guided this study. Data were collected with 55 male high…

  2. Socialization of Physical and Social Aggression in Early Adolescents' Peer Groups: High-Status Peers, Individual Status, and Gender

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shi, Bing; Xie, Hongling

    2012-01-01

    The influence of high-status peers on a target individual's physical and manipulative social aggression in peer groups was examined in a diverse sample of seventh-grade students. A total of 245 individual members belonging to 65 groups were included in analyses. Aggression was assessed by peer and victim nominations in the fall and spring…

  3. Electroweak Physics at the Tevatron and LHC: Theoretical Status and Perspectives

    OpenAIRE

    Baur, U.

    2005-01-01

    I review the status of theoretical calculations relevant for electroweak physics at the Tevatron and LHC and discuss future directions. I also give a brief overview of current electroweak data and discuss future expectations.

  4. Physical Attractiveness in Preschoolers: Relationships with Power, Status, Aggression and Social Skills

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hawley, Patricia H.; Johnson, Sarah E.; Mize, Jennifer A.; McNamara, Kelly A.

    2007-01-01

    Several lines of theory and research suggest that power (e.g., social dominance) and status (e.g., social prominence and positive peer regard) are enjoyed by those blessed with good looks. The present work addresses the relations among physical attractiveness, power, status, and aggression from a resource control theoretic perspective that…

  5. Involvement in alcohol-related verbal or physical aggression. Does social status matter?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kraus Ludwig

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION -The analyses (1 assessed the association between social status variables and aggression when controlling for volume of alcohol consumption and episodic heavy drinking (EHD, (2 tested whether social status moderates the association between volume or EHD and verbal as well as physical aggression, and (3 investigated whether EHD moderates the effect of volume on aggression. METHODS - Swedish Alcohol Monitoring Survey (2003 to 2011; N=104,316 current drinkers; response rate: 51 to 38%. Alcohol-related aggression was defined as involvement in a quarrel or physical fight while drinking. Social status was defined as the highest education, monthly income and marital status. RESULTS - The associations between social status variables and aggression showed mixed results. Verbal aggression was associated with education in males and with marital status in both genders. Physical aggression was associated with education in both genders. No associations with aggression were found for income. With few exceptions, these associations remained significant when controlling for drinking patterns; social status did not moderate the association between drinking and aggression; EHD moderated the effect of volume on physical aggression in males. CONCLUSIONS - Groups of lower educated and nonmarried individuals experience verbal or physical aggression over and above different levels of consumption. Individual differences in aggression vulnerability rather than differences in aggression predisposition account for higher risks of aggression in these groups.

  6. The prevalence of physical, sexual and mental abuse among adolescents and the association with BMI status

    OpenAIRE

    Veldwijk Jorien; Proper Karin I; Hoeven-Mulder Henriëtte B; Bemelmans Wanda JE

    2012-01-01

    Abstract Background Studies among adults show an association between abuse and Body Mass Index (BMI) status. When an aberrant BMI status as a consequence of abuse is already prevalent in adolescence, early detection and treatment of abuse might prevent these adolescents from developing serious weight problems and other long-term social, emotional and physical problems in adulthood. Therefore, this study investigated the prevalence of physical, sexual and mental abuse among adolescents and exa...

  7. Improving the status of Iranian women in physics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iraji zad, A.; Roshani, F.; Izadi, D.

    2015-12-01

    Iranian women have shown improving contribution in the field of physics as students and researchers in recent years. More than 60% of BSc and MSc students, 47% of PhD students, and 18% of faculty members in the physics departments in Iran are female. However, in higher levels of academic fields and management, participation by women is still below the expected values. The Women in Physics branch of the Physics Society of Iran studies the related cases to find suitable strategies to improve the situation.

  8. The Current Status of Physical Therapy in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Alice Jones; Margot A Skinner

    2013-01-01

    The current health system in China has evolved by embracing both traditional Chinese medicine and Western medicine.China is the only country in the world where the number of doctors is larger than the number of nurses but education programmes for other health professions like physical therapy have been slow to develop.In the case of physical therapy it was not until China won the bid for the Olympic Games that permission to establish the first physical therapy programme was granted.Since then China has undergone a period of rapid economic growth enabling many people to have a higher standard of living and improved health,but at the same time the country is faced with massive urbanization,industrialization,increasing environmental health threats,increased health disparities and an aging population.With the support of the Chinese Association of Rehabilitation Medicine,an increased investment by the Government in public health and rehabilitation and engagement of international education experts,entry-level education programmes for physical therapy have started to develop and there are now nine which are modeled,at least to some extent,on the World Confederation for Physical Therapy's international guidelines.The paper explores the development of physical therapy education in China and discusses possible options for the way forward so that as the demand for physical therapy to service 1.4 billion people grows,the profession is prepared and the standards expected of the entry-level physical therapist will not be compromised.

  9. Differences in Amounts and Types of Physical Activity by Obesity Status in US Adults

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spees, Colleen K.; Scott, Jonathan M.; Taylor, Christopher A.

    2012-01-01

    Objectives: To describe the physical activity patterns across levels of obesity among US adults. Methods: The frequency, intensity, and duration of physical activities were compared across obesity status in 7695 adults from NHANES, 1999-2006. Results: Significantly more normal-weight adults engaged in moderate- and vigorous- intensity activities…

  10. Socio-economic status and physical activity among adolescents : The mediating role of self-esteem

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Veselska, Z.; Geckova, A. Madarasova; Reijneveld, S. A.; van Dijk, J. P.

    2011-01-01

    Objectives: Physical activity is an essential part of a healthy lifestyle in adolescence. Previous studies have shown physical activity to be associated with socio-economic status and self-esteem; the latter association may mediate the former, but evidence on this is lacking. The aim of this study w

  11. A Vision on the Status and Evolution of HEP Physics Software Tools

    CERN Document Server

    Canal, P; Hatcher, R; Jun, S Y; Mrenna, S

    2013-01-01

    This paper represents the vision of the members of the Fermilab Scientific Computing Division's Computational Physics Department (SCD-CPD) on the status and the evolution of various HEP software tools such as the Geant4 detector simulation toolkit, the Pythia and GENIE physics generators, and the ROOT data analysis framework. The goal of this paper is to contribute ideas to the Snowmass 2013 process toward the composition of a unified document on the current status and potential evolution of the physics software tools which are essential to HEP.

  12. Physical Status and Psychosocial Adjustment in Children with Spina Bifida.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wallander, Jan L.; And Others

    1989-01-01

    The study, in which mothers of 62 children with spina bifida completed the Child Behavior Checklist, found that children with differing degrees of physical problems and disability (determined from medical charts) did not differ significantly in their psychosocial adjustment. (Author/DB)

  13. Current status of neutron therapy. The physical aspects

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hess, A.; Schmidt, R.

    1988-12-01

    Current methods of generating high-energy neutrons are explained as far as relevant for clinical radiotherapy. The neutron generator of the clinical center in Hamburg-Eppendorf is taken as an example to show the significance of physical parameters, measuring quantities and beam characteristics with regard to radiation therapy and irradiation planning.

  14. The HERA-B experiment: physics programme and status

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The HERA-B experiment aims to measure CP-violation in the B system, by exploiting the interaction of the proton beam of the HERA accelerator at DESY with a wire fixed target.0 Besides the main goal of measuring the β angle of the CKM unitarity triangle, a wide experimental program on B physics will be pursued. (orig.)

  15. Genetic determinants of the physical status of human beings at different stages of ontogenesis.

    OpenAIRE

    Romanenko V.A.; Horyakov V.A.; Mosenz V.A.; Sokolova V.Y.; Krainyaya N.V.; Ivanova S.D.

    2012-01-01

    The changes in the structure of physical states at different stages of ontogenesis and the role of genetic factors in these transformations. It is proved that in the process of aging there are changes in physical conditions. Firstly, towards the dominance of aerobic capacity, and secondly - the speed-strength and coordination training. A survey of 125 women aged 20-25 years found that between the individual extrovert and the parameters of their physical status, there are ambiguous dependence ...

  16. Italian: AS/A2 Digital Listening Practice Tests 2009

    OpenAIRE

    Bertoni, Silvia; Nocchi, Susanna

    2009-01-01

    AS/A2 Digital Listening Comprehension Practice Tests 2009 consists of a book and audio files with authentic listening material and test questions. This book is ideal for practising, improving and building up students’ confidence in listening skills in preparation for the AS Level,A2 Level, the Irish Leaving Certificate and other advanced level exams.

  17. Eitzen Chemical ASA : strategisk regnskapsanalyse og verdsettelse basert syntetisk restrukturering

    OpenAIRE

    Berger, Atle

    2014-01-01

    Denne masterutredningen utfører strategisk regnskapsanalyse og verdsettelse basert på syntetisk restrukturering av Eitzen Chemical ASA (Eitzen Chemical, ECHEM eller selskapet). Utredningen er basert på offentlig tilgjengelig informasjon. Det benyttes fundamental verdsettelsesteknikk som suppleres med substansverdier for å justere verdiestimatet for selskapets konkurssannsynlighet. Utredningen begynner med å presentere Eitzen Chemical og kjemikalietankbransjen, samt hvordan selskapet avvike...

  18. ASAS classification criteria for axial spondyloarthritis: time to modify.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akkoc, Nurullah; Khan, Muhammad A

    2016-06-01

    The relationship between ankylosing spondylitis and the recently proposed entity called axial spondyloarthritis with its radiographic and non-radiographic forms that have been defined by the Assessment of Spondyloarthritis International Society (ASAS) criteria for axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA), is currently being debated. The Food and Drug Agency (FDA) had criticized the ASAS criteria and the studies which used these criteria to enroll patients in a clinical trial of certolizumab and adalimumab for the treatment of non-radiographic axial spondyloarthritis. The primary aim of classification criteria is to create homogenous patient populations for basic and clinical research. But the multi-arm construct of the ASAS criteria is a potential source of heterogeneity reducing their utility. Criteria sets should be regarded as dynamic concepts open to modifications or updates as our knowledge advances. We provide evidence to conclude that it is time to modify the ASAS Criteria for axSpA, and we propose some of the steps that can be taken to start moving forward in improving the validity of these criteria. PMID:27094940

  19. Refractive Status at Birth: Its Relation to Newborn Physical Parameters at Birth and Gestational Age

    OpenAIRE

    Varghese, Raji Mathew; Sreenivas, Vishnubhatla; Puliyel, Jacob Mammen; Varughese, Sara

    2009-01-01

    Background Refractive status at birth is related to gestational age. Preterm babies have myopia which decreases as gestational age increases and term babies are known to be hypermetropic. This study looked at the correlation of refractive status with birth weight in term and preterm babies, and with physical indicators of intra-uterine growth such as the head circumference and length of the baby at birth. Methods All babies delivered at St. Stephens Hospital and admitted in the nursery were e...

  20. The SuperB factory, physics potential and project status

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wiechczynski Jaroslaw

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The SuperB project is an international enterprise aiming at the construction of the high-luminosity asymmetric beam energy electron-positron accelerator, which would be located in the area of Rome. It would exploit several novel features allowing to achieve an unprecedented luminosities and to collect almost a hundred times more data than the current generation of ”B factories”. As for the leptonic colliders, it will maintain a clean, low-background experimental environment that is crucial for numerous measurements on the field of high energy physics

  1. Status of the ATLAS Forward Physics (AFP) project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chytka, Ladislav; Atlas Collaboration

    2013-04-01

    The ATLAS Forward Physics (AFP) project plans to add a set of detectors - silicon 3D pixel tracking detectors and QUARTIC time of flight detectors - in the forward region of the ATLAS experiment at the LHC. The AFP detectors will be placed around 210 m from the interaction point and are meant to detect protons produced at small angles. The detectors are to be housed in the so called Hamburg beam pipe - a movable beam pipe allowing horizontal movement of the detectors. The AFP is currently under approval with possible installation in 2014/15.

  2. Status of the ATLAS Forward Physics (AFP) Project

    CERN Document Server

    Chytka, L; The ATLAS collaboration

    2012-01-01

    The ATLAS Forward Physics (AFP) project plans to add a set of detectors --- silicon 3D pixel tracking detectors and QUARTIC time of flight detectors --- in the forward region of the ATLAS experiment at the LHC. The AFP detectors will be placed around 210 m from the interaction point and are meant to detect protons produced at small angles. The detectors are to be housed in the so called Hamburg beam pipe --- a movable beam pipe allowing horizontal movement of the detectors. The AFP is currently under approval with possible installation in 2014/15.

  3. Technical area status report for chemical/physical treatment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    These Appendices describe various technologies that may be applicable to the Mixed Waste Treatment Plant (MWTP) Chemical/Physical Treatment System (CPTS). These technologies were identified by the CPTS Technical Support Group (TSG) as potentially applicable to a variety of separation, volume reduction, and decontamination requirements. The purpose was to identify all available and developing technologies, and their characteristics, for subsequent evaluation for specific requirements identified for the CPTS. However, the technologies described herein are not necessarily all inclusive, nor are they necessarily all applicable

  4. Neutrino Factory: Physics and R and D Status

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In recent years exciting experimental discoveries have shown that neutrino flavors oscillate, and hence that neutrinos have nonzero masses and mixings. The Standard Model needs to be modified to accommodate neutrino mass terms, which require either the existence of right-handed neutrinos to create Dirac mass terms, and/or a violation of lepton number conservation to create Majorana mass terms. The observation that neutrino masses and mass-splittings are tiny compared to the masses of any of the other fundamental fermions suggests radically new physics, which perhaps originates at the GUT or Planck Scale, or perhaps indicates the existence of new spatial dimensions. Whatever the origin of the observed neutrino masses and mixings is, it will certainly require a profound extension to our picture of the physical world. The first step towards understanding this new physics is to pin down the measurable parameters, and address the first round of basic questions: (1) Are there only three neutrino flavors, or do light sterile neutrinos exist? Are there any other deviations to three-flavor mixing? (2) There is one angle θ13 in the mixing matrix which is unmeasured. Is it non-zero? (3) We don't know the mass-ordering of the neutrino mass eigenstates. There are two possibilities, the so-called ''normal'' or ''inverted'' hierarchies. Which is right? (4) There is one complex phase (delta) in the mixing matrix which is accessible to neutrino oscillation measurements. If both θ13 and sin (delta) are non-zero there will be CP Violation in the lepton sector. Is sin (delta) non-zero? (5) What precisely is the value of the lightest neutrino mass and are neutrino masses generated by Majorana mass terms, Dirac mass terms, or both? All of these questions, with the exception of the last one, can in principle be addressed by accelerator-based neutrino oscillation experiments. However, getting all of the answers will not be easy, and will require the right experimental tools. A Neutrino

  5. India-based neutrino observatory (INO): Physics reach and status report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We present a review of the physics reach and current status of the proposed India-based Neutrino Observatory (INO). We briefly outline details of the INO location and the present status of detector development. We then present the physics goals and simulation studies of the main detector, the magnetised Iron Calorimeter (ICAL) detector, to be housed in INO. The ICAL detector would make precision measurements of neutrino oscillation parameters with atmospheric neutrinos including a measurement of the neutrino mass hierarchy. Additional synergies with other experiments due to the complete insensitivity of ICAL to the CP phase are also discussed

  6. Light Sterile Neutrinos in Particle Physics: Experimental Status

    CERN Document Server

    Lasserre, Thierry

    2014-01-01

    Most of the neutrino oscillation results can be explained by the three-neutrino paradigm. However several anomalies in short baseline oscillation data could be interpreted by invoking a hypothetical fourth neutrino, separated from the three standard neutrinos by a squared mass difference of more than 0.1 eV$^2$. This new neutrino, often called sterile, would not feel standard model interactions but mix with the others. Such a scenario calling for new physics beyond the standard model has to be either ruled out or confirmed with new data. After a brief review of the anomalous oscillation results we discuss the world-wide experimental proposal aiming to clarify the situation.

  7. Technical area status report for chemical/physical treatment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Office of Environmental Restoration and Waste Management (EM) was established by the Department of Energy (DOE) to direct and coordinate waste management and site remediation programs and activities throughout the DOE Complex. The Mixed Waste Integrated Program (MWIP) was created by the DOE Office of Technology Development (OTD) to develop, deploy, and complete appropriate technologies for the treatment of an DOE low-level mixed waste (LLMW). The MWIP mission includes development of strategies related to enhanced waste form production, improvements to and testing of the EM-30 baseline flowsheet for mixed waste treatment, programmatic oversight for ongoing technical projects, and specific technical tasks related to the site specific Federal Facilities Compliance Agreement (FFCA). The MWIP has established five Technical Support Groups (TSGs) based on primary functional areas of the Mixed Waste Treatment Plant) identified by EM-30. These TSGs are: (1) Front-End Waste Handling, (2) Chemical/Physical Treatment, (3) Waste Destruction and Stabilization, (4) Second-stage Destruction and Offgas Treatment, and (5) Final Waste Forms. The focus of this document is the Chemical/Physical Treatment System (CPTS). The CPTS performs the required pretreatment and/or separations on the waste streams passing through the system for discharge to the environment or efficient downstream processing. Downstream processing can include all system components except Front-End Waste Handling. The primary separations to be considered by the CPTS are: (1) removal of suspended and dissolved solids from aqueous and liquid organic streams, (2) separation of water from organic liquids, (3) treatment of wet and dry solids, including separation into constituents as required, for subsequent thermal treatment and final form processing, (4) mercury removal and control, and (5) decontamination of equipment and waste classified as debris

  8. Prevalence of overweight, obesity and physical inactivity in 20- to 29-year-old, Danish men. Relation to sociodemography, physical dysfunction and low socioeconomic status

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, T L; Wraae, K; Brixen, K; Hermann, A P; Andersen, M; Hagen, C

    2006-01-01

    men and the 2042 questionnaire respondents matched the background population demographically. The 783 men matched the questionnaire respondents as regards BMI, physical activity, chronic disease, medication, smoking, sociodemography and socioeconomic status. The prevalence of overweight and obesity......OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of overweight, obesity and physical inactivity in 20- to 29-year-old men and to analyze whether sociodemography, physical dysfunction and low socioeconomic status are independent correlates of obesity and physical inactivity. DESIGN: Population-based, cross...

  9. Status of the SLC: Developments in Linear Collider physics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper reviews the performance of the SLAC Linear Collider, both from the perspective of a machine delivering high luminosity polarized beams for physics, and as a test for future linear colliders. The development of the SLC taken place over a number of years and the steady improvements have been documented in previous review papers. As a review paper, the list references also serves as a bibliography, pointing to the work of the many people contributing to the upgrades and commissioning of the various SLC systems. The major upgrades for this present run have been an improved final focus optics, new low impedance vacuum chambers for the damping rings and improved polarization from the electron source. The performance of the SLC is driven to some extent by its unique 3-beam operation in which the linac accelerates both the electron and positron bunches for collision, as well as the electron bunch to produce the positrons. The special attention required to maintain stable operation in the face of the interactions caused by beam loading from the bunches will (fortunately exclamation point) not be an issue in future linear colliders. They will deal instead with the problems associated with handling long bunch trains

  10. Effects of acetylsalicylic acid (ASA), ASA plus L-glutamine and L-glutamine on healing of chronic gastric ulcer in the rat.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Okabe, S; Takeuchi, K; Honda, K; Takagi, K

    1976-01-01

    A chronic gastric ulcer model was produced in rats by the subserosal injection of 20% acetic acid solution (0.015 ml) in order to examine whether (1) acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) irritates the chronic gastric ulcer in active or healed or diminished stage, (2) L-glutamine, given together with ASA, inhibits the adverse effect of ASA. Oral ASA 200 mg/kg/day, given in two divided doses for 10 consecutive days, apparently delayed the healing of the gastric ulcer and irritated the healed ulcer to reulcerate. L-Glutamine, 1,500 mg/kg/day, which was given together with ASA in two divided doses, markedly protected the gastric ulcer both in active and healed stages from the deleterious activity of ASA. PMID:955326

  11. 78 FR 32477 - ASA Gold and Precious Metals Limited; Notice of Application

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-30

    .... ASA also seeks relief to exercise in South Africa, Hong Kong, the United Kingdom, Canada, or Australia... COMMISSION ASA Gold and Precious Metals Limited; Notice of Application May 22, 2013. AGENCY: Securities and... Metals Limited (``ASA''), a Bermuda closed-end management investment company registered under section...

  12. Association of physical activity and health status with intelligence quotient of high school students in Jeddah

    OpenAIRE

    El-Kholy, Thanaa; Elsayed, Enas

    2015-01-01

    [Purpose] The present study investigated the relationships of physical activity and healthiness with the intelligence quotients of high school students in Jeddah. [Subjects and Methods] A total of 135 male and female students were randomly drawn from public and private secondary schools in Jeddah. A self-designed questionnaire was distributed to the students that included demographic, physical activity, and health status sections. Body mass index measurement and an intelligence quotient test ...

  13. Relationships between Psychosocial Resilience and Physical Health Status of Western Australian Urban Aboriginal Youth

    OpenAIRE

    Hopkins, Katrina D.; Shepherd, Carrington C. J.; Catherine L. Taylor; Stephen R Zubrick

    2015-01-01

    Background Psychosocial processes are implicated as mediators of racial/ethnic health disparities via dysregulation of physiological responses to stress. Our aim was to investigate the extent to which factors previously documented as buffering the impact of high-risk family environments on Aboriginal youths’ psychosocial functioning were similarly beneficial for their physical health status. Method and Results We examined the relationship between psychosocial resilience and physical health of...

  14. The status of the 1990 objectives for physical fitness and exercise.

    OpenAIRE

    Powell, K E; Spain, K G; Christenson, G M; Mollenkamp, M P

    1986-01-01

    During the past 5 years, considerable progress has been made in clarifying the relationship between physical activity and health and in collecting previously unavailable information about the activity levels of children and adults. Several of the objectives are likely to be achieved by 1990. Nevertheless, important questions remain to be answered, and data necessary to know the status of some objectives are not available. The established benefits of regular physical activity include a reduced...

  15. Body image dissatisfaction and its relationship with physical activity and nutritional status in university students

    OpenAIRE

    Elisa Pinheiro Ferrari; Alex Pinheiro Gordia; Cilene Rebolho Martins; Diego Augusto Santos Silva; Teresa Maria Bianchini de Quadros; Edio Luiz Petroski

    2012-01-01

    The aim of the present study was to evaluate the association of body image dissatisfaction with physical activity level and nutritional status in freshmen from a public Brazilian university. A total of 832 university students (485 men) with a mean age of 20.1 years (standard deviation = 4.6) participated in the study. Self-reported body weight and height were used for the calculation of body mass index. The students responded to the Body Shape Questionnaire and International Physical Activity...

  16. Women in Physics in Egypt: The Status and Needs of Female Physics Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    El-Sayed, Karimat; Hosny, Hala; Mohsen, Mona; Gadalla, Afaf

    2009-04-01

    Information is provided on a number of issues: the percentage of female students enrolled in physics in higher education, the percentage of women who earned BSc degrees in physics from Egyptian universities, and the percentage of women academic staff members in different universities and institutions relative to staff members in other fields of science. The results of a survey that features the ideas of female physics students are presented. The Africa and the Middle East Regional Conference on Women in Physics held in Egypt in 2007 is discussed.

  17. Multiples among detached eclipsing binaries from the ASAS catalog

    CERN Document Server

    Hełminiak, K G; Ratajczak, M; Jordán, A; Espinoza, N; Brahm, R; Kambe, E; Ukita, N

    2015-01-01

    For more than three years now we have been conducting a spectroscopic survey of detached eclipsing binaries (DEBs) from the All-Sky Automated Survey (ASAS) database. Thousands of high-resolution spectra of over 300 systems were secured, and used for radial velocity measurements and spectral analysis. In our sample we found a zoo of multiple systems, such as spectroscopic triples and quadruples, visual binaries with eclipsing components, and circumbinary low-mass companions, including sub-stellar-mass candidates

  18. Strategisk analyse og verdsettelse av Farstad Shipping ASA

    OpenAIRE

    Fladset, Marit; Gjendem, Mikael

    2013-01-01

    Hensikten med denne masteroppgaven var å verdsette egenkapitalen til Farstad Shipping ASA pr. 1.1.2013. Verdien ble beregnet ved anvendelse av fundamental verdsettelse hvor strategiske og regnskapsbaserte analyser utgjorde fundamentet. Komparativ- og opsjonsbasert verdsettelse ble benyttet som et supplement. Farstad Shipping er en betydelig aktør i offshore supply bransjen, og er i dag den 6. største aktøren i det internasjonale markedet for store og mellomstore supplyskip. Offshore supply...

  19. Physical Fitness, Academic Achievement, and Socioeconomic Status in School-Aged Youth

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coe, Dawn P.; Peterson, Thomas; Blair, Cheryl; Schutten, Mary C.; Peddie, Heather

    2013-01-01

    Background: This study examined the association between physical fitness and academic achievement and determined the influence of socioeconomic status (SES) on the association between fitness and academic achievement in school-aged youth. Methods: Overall, 1,701 third-, sixth-, and ninth-grade students from 5 school districts participated in the…

  20. Status of networking for high energy physics in the United States

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Networks are used extensively for High Energy Physics in the United States. Although the networks have grown in an ad hoc manner with connections typically being made to satisfy the needs of one detector group, they now encompass to large fraction of the US HEP community in one form or another. This paper summarizes the current status and experience with networks

  1. How to Raise the Status of Physical Education at Your School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lux, Karen M.

    2010-01-01

    Research has indicated that physical education (PE) teachers report feeling isolated, having limited (or no) access to resources, and struggling to be perceived as legitimate professionals by other teachers, students, administrators, and parents. As time and resources for PE continue to be reduced, PE's marginal status is intensified. This article…

  2. Status of the Tau-Charm Facility and highlights of its physics program

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this paper I will first discuss the history and current status of the Tau-Charm Facility. I will then focus on the unique aspects of the heavy meson and tau physics program of such a facility, which motivates its construction and operation in the mid-1090's

  3. Survey of health status and physical fitness in Royal Thai Naval Aircraft Carrier personnel

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Supanitayanon, Thanawat; Jensen, Olaf Chresten; Canals, ML;

    2011-01-01

    Background: In naval personnel, health status and physical fitness may be affected by work in confined spaces, stressful events, mission fulfillment, and long periods of time away from home on board ship. The aircraft carrier "H.T.M.S. Chakrinaruebet" is the flagship of the Royal Thai Navy, suppo...

  4. Academic performance of Korean children is associated with dietary behaviours and physical status.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Hye-Young P; Frongillo, Edward A; Han, Sung-Sook; Oh, Se-Young; Kim, Woo-Kyung; Jang, Young-Ai; Won, Hye-Sook; Lee, Hyun-Sook; Kim, Sook-He

    2003-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to obtain a fuller understanding of the association of dietary behaviours, physical status and socio-economic status with academic performance in Korean teenagers. The subjects in this study were 6,463 boys and girls, in grade 5, 8, and 11 in Korea. A self-administered questionnaire and the food-frequency form were used. Grade point average (GPA), height, weight, and physical fitness score for the year were recorded from the school record. The academic performance of students was strongly associated with dietary behaviours, especially with regularity of three meals even after control for parent's education level. Regular breakfast and lunch were more important in grades 5 and 8, while regular dinner was more related with academic performance in grade 11. Small, positive associations of height and physical fitness to academic performance were also found. The relative importance of regularity of meals was greater than that of socio-economic status and physical status in older teenagers. The results of this study suggest that accommodation of better dietary environment and nutrition education for three regular meals is recommended. PMID:12810409

  5. Physical Education Teacher Education: Creating a Foundation to Increase the Status of Physical Education in Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richardson, Karen Pagnano

    2011-01-01

    Physical education teacher education (PETE) programs have contributed to the marginalization of physical education in three significant ways. First, the nature of content knowledge is contested. Is content knowledge disciplinary knowledge, or is movement the content knowledge of our field? Second, PETE has failed to produce a critical mass of K-12…

  6. Genetic determinants of the physical status of human beings at different stages of ontogenesis.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Romanenko V.A.

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available The changes in the structure of physical states at different stages of ontogenesis and the role of genetic factors in these transformations. It is proved that in the process of aging there are changes in physical conditions. Firstly, towards the dominance of aerobic capacity, and secondly - the speed-strength and coordination training. A survey of 125 women aged 20-25 years found that between the individual extrovert and the parameters of their physical status, there are ambiguous dependence which determine constitutional peculiarities, somatotype and cardio-respiratory system. For a typical introverted women increased body weight and power characteristics, combined with lack of capacity oxygen-transport system.

  7. Associations of Subjective Social Status with Physical Activity and Body Mass Index across Four Asian Countries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leah Frerichs

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective. The aims of this study were to (1 assess physical activity and weight status differences and (2 explore the direction and shape of subjective social status (SSS association with physical activity and weight status within four Asian countries. Methods. Cross section data of adult respondents from the nationally representative East Asian Social Survey were used for analyses. Logistic regression stratified by gender was conducted for the first aim, and simple and quadratic logistic regression models were used for the second. Results. SSS was significantly associated with odds of weekly or daily physical activity across all countries and genders, except for South Korean and Japanese females. Quadratic models provided significantly better fit for Chinese males (LR (d.f. = 1 = 6.51, P value <.05 and females (LR (d.f. = 1 = 7.36, P value <.01, South Korean males (LR (d.f. = 1 = 4.40, P value <.05, and Taiwanese females (LR (d.f. = 1 = 4.87, P value <.05. Conclusions. This study provides a comparable cross Asian country measure of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity and new findings that a connection exists between SSS and physical activity. Differences of class distinction help explain the different shaped SSS relationships.

  8. A STATUS OF PHYSICAL ACTIVITY LIFE STYLE ACADEMY STUDENTS PHYSICAL EDUCATION AND SPORT IN GDANSK

    OpenAIRE

    Prusik, Katarzyna; Zaporozhanov, Vadym; Gцrner, Karol; Prusik, Krzysztof

    2009-01-01

    Based on the results of the analysis reached different conclusions. In a separate research problem with the physical activity mandatory time off, it was found that the vast majority of students spend their time actively, mostly a form of physical activity should be aerobic / fitness and gym. In the next issue, that associates the active leisure tourism, it was found that tourism is not unknown more than half of foreign students, in addition were taken hiking, biking and skiing. In the next is...

  9. Urban-Rural Differences in Overweight Status and Physical Inactivity among US Children Aged 10-17 Years

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Jihong; Bennett, Kevin J.; Harun, Nusrat; Probst, Janice C.

    2008-01-01

    Context: Few studies have examined the prevalence of overweight status and physical inactivity among children and adolescents living in rural America. Purpose: We examined urban and rural differences in the prevalence of overweight status and physical inactivity among US children. Methods: Data were drawn from the 2003 National Survey of…

  10. Serum Zinc Concentrations Correlate with Mental and Physical Status of Nursing Home Residents

    OpenAIRE

    Markiewicz-Żukowska, Renata; Gutowska, Anna; Borawska, Maria H.

    2015-01-01

    Introduction Zinc (Zn) is one of the most important trace elements in the body. Zn deficiency seems to play a role in the development of age-related diseases and impairment of quality of life. Zn status has been especially studied in free-living or hospitalised people, but data from older residents of nursing homes are scarce. This study aimed to determine the Zn status among the older individuals in correlation to their mental and physical performance. Methods A total of 100 participants age...

  11. Effects of inpatient physical therapy on the functional status of elderly individuals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zasadzka, Ewa; Kropińska, Sylwia; Pawlaczyk, Mariola; Krzymińska-Siemaszko, Roma; Lisiński, Przemysław; Wieczorowska-Tobis, Katarzyna

    2016-01-01

    Purpose] The aim of the study was to analyze the impact of inpatient rehabilitation on the functional status of the elderly. [Subjects and Methods] A total of 100 patients (>65 years of age) in a rehabilitation ward were enrolled in this study. Age, absence of depression and signs of dementia in screening tests constituted the inclusion criteria. A comprehensive geriatric assessment was performed of all of the subjects twice, at the beginning and end of hospitalization (Assessments I and II, respectively), and included fall risk assessment (Timed Up and Go Test, TUG), evaluation of physical function (Short Physical Performance Battery Test, SPPB), the handgrip strength test, as well as patients’ self-reports of pain intensity, well-being and functional status. [Results] At the end of inpatient rehabilitation, significant improvement was observed in reduction the TUG time, physical function, and handgrip strength, as well as in subjective parameters such as self-reported pain intensity, well-being, and functional status. [Conclusion] Our results show the high efficacy of inpatient rehabilitation as a means of improving functional independence. Hospital rehabilitation should be recommended for elderly people, not only in cases of absolute indications for hospital admission, but also periodically for patients at risk of physical disability. PMID:27065526

  12. Body image dissatisfaction and its relationship with physical activity and nutritional status in university students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elisa Pinheiro Ferrari

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the present study was to evaluate the association of body image dissatisfaction with physical activity level and nutritional status in freshmen from a public Brazilian university. A total of 832 university students (485 men with a mean age of 20.1 years (standard deviation = 4.6 participated in the study. Self-reported body weight and height were used for the calculation of body mass index. The students responded to the Body Shape Questionnaire and International Physical Activity Questionnaire. Data were analyzed using Fisher’s exact test, considering p < .05. The prevalence of body image dissatisfaction and physical inactivity was 10.1% and 14.5%, respectively. No significant association was observed between body image dissatisfaction and physical activity level. Body image dissatisfaction was associated with nutritional status in both genders (p < .05. University students with excess body weight should be encouraged to pursue a healthier lifestyle in order to promote an adequate nutritional status and also to improve their body image.

  13. A Pilot Physical Activity Initiative to Improve Mental Health Status amongst Iranian Institutionalized Older People

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hossein Matlabi

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Background: Sufficient level of physical activity may promote overall and mental health of old people. This study was carried out to investigate the practicability of a physical activity promotion initiative amongst institutionalized older people in Tabriz, Iran. Methods: Purposive sampling method was used in this semi-experimental study to recruit 31 older people living in a selected residential care in Tabriz. Moderate-intensity aerobic and muscle-strengthening activity was planned for those who had not severe baseline cognitive impairment or were not too frail to undertake the survey. The General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-28 was used to measure mental health status before and after intervention through a face-to-face interview. Descriptive statistics, Wilkcoxon rank-sum, Mann–Whitney U and Chi-Square tests were employed to analyses the data. Results: The applied intervention was significantly improved status of physical health, anxiety and insomnia, social dysfunction and severe depression. Conclusion: Incorporation of physical activity promotion programs into routines of older people residential care homes in Iran is feasible but may need training of physical activity specialists to work with older people based on their physical endurance and limitations.

  14. Good Mental Health Status of Medical Students: Is There A Role for Physical Activity?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Deepthi R

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Mental health problems are more commonly seen in youth, more so in medical students. Physical activity though known to improve mental health is difficult to follow among medical students. Aims & Objectives: This study aimed to investigate self-reported levels of anxiety and depression and compare these with self-reported physical activity among medical students in an institution of India. Material & Methods: A Cross sectional study was done among 430 medical students and interns of a medical college of rural Karnataka, India. Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS and International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ were administered to assess mental health status and physical activity levels respectively. Results: The prevalence of anxiety (65.1%, depression (39.5% and anxiety with depression (34.4% was high among medical students. Only 18.1% of students were highly active while 35.9% were inactive when physical activity levels were measured. Students who were highly active and minimally active in physical activity showed lower levels of depression and anxiety compared to low physical activity group. Conclusion: Mental health problems are high and physical activity levels are low among medical undergraduate students. Engagement in physical activity can be an important contributory factor in positive mental health of future doctors.

  15. How is Change in Physical Health Status Reflected by Reports of Nurses and Older People Themselves?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Puvill, Thomas; Lindenberg, Jolanda; Slaets, Joris P J;

    2016-01-01

    retrospectively appreciated their annual change in health. Functional status was assessed with the Groningen Activity Rating Scale and all were followed for vital status. RESULTS: Functional decline was reflected by all reports of change in health (all p < .001). When incongruent, change in nurse...... appreciation of health by older people is superior to change in self-ratings and nurse-ratings in reflecting change in physical health, possibly because similar norms and values are applied in the assessment. The nurse's norms, like the norms of older people, may shift with the ageing of the researched cohort......BACKGROUND: Self-rated health is assumed to closely reflect actual health status, but older people's shifting norms and values may influence this association. We investigated how older people's change in self-ratings, in comparison to their retrospective appreciation and change in nurse ratings...

  16. [Physical and sedentary activity as modulating factors of the nutritional status].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perea Sánchez, José Miguel; Aparicio Vizuete, Aránzazu; Mascaraque Camino, María; Ortega, Rosa M

    2015-01-01

    Sedentary behavior and physical exercise seem to influence the nutritional status of the population independently. In this sense, sedentary behavior is associated inversely with healthy eating patterns and directly with BMI, body fat, risk of chronic diseases and psychological problems. By contrast, regular exercise is associated with a healthier diet and health benefits as the prevention or reduction of excess weight and disease prevention. However, it seems difficult to completely compensate, sedentary behavior and risk factors for health, with physical activity. To improve the nutritional status and health of the population would be advisable to increase non-sedentary behaviors and decrease the time spent in front of the screen. Also, it is encouraged to exercise regularly. PMID:26267770

  17. The present status of medical physics education and training in Europe: an EFOMP survey

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eudaldo, T.; Olsen, K.

    2008-01-01

    The aim of this work is to present the results of an EFOMP's survey on the status of Education and Training of Medical Physics in Europe. This survey has been undertaken by EFOMP in 2005, to update the document "Policy Statement No. 1", which represents the starting point of the EFOMP...... recommendations on Education and Training in Medical Physics. Ultimate results have been collected at the end of 2006. To perform the survey, a questionnaire was sent to 34 National Member Organisations (NMOs) for Medical Physics, to collect information on the present state of education and training in each...... European country. Twenty-five countries participated in the enquiry and responded to it. The most outstanding results are as follows: In all countries, the basic requirement to enter the Medical Physics education is a university degree. The length of this university education ranges from 2 to 5 years...

  18. Diet, Physical Activity, Weight Status, and Culture in a Sample of Children from the Developing World

    OpenAIRE

    Nielsen, Anders L.; Maria Jackson; JaDon Knight; Devon Guy; Pamela Lai; Gaskin, Pamela S.

    2012-01-01

    Objective. Barbados, a small developing state at the end of the nutrition transition, faces an obesity epidemic. Although there is hope of stemming the epidemic in childhood, no descriptions of children's dietary and physical activity (PA) patterns are available for planning purposes. We describe the food and activity preferences and adult encouragement of active and sedentary behaviors for children 9–11 years in relation to weight status and the cultural context. Design. We used data from a ...

  19. Child overweight in France and its relationship with physical activity, sedentary behaviour and socioeconomic status

    OpenAIRE

    Lioret, S.; Maire, Bernard; Volatier, J. L.; Charles, M. A.

    2007-01-01

    Objective: (1) To assess the prevalence of childhood overweight (OW) and obesity in France; (2) to examine how physical activity and sedentary behaviour are involved in the association between socioeconomic status (SES) and OW, while taking into account total energy intake. Design and subjects: Representative sample of French children aged 3-14 years (n=1016) taken from the 1998-1999 cross-sectional French INCA (Enquete Individuelle et Nationale sur les Consommations Alimentaires) food consum...

  20. Child-caregivers’ body weight and habitual physical activity status is associated with overweight in kindergartners

    OpenAIRE

    Hoffmann, Sascha; Tug, Suzan; Simon, Perikles

    2014-01-01

    Background The aim of this study was to examine whether child-caregivers’, both parents and kindergarten teachers, health parameters (age, weight status, habitual physical activity score) are significantly associated with the risk of overweight in young children. Methods We assessed the individual body mass index standard deviation score in a regional cross-sectional health study and matched a representative sample of 434 kindergartners aged 3 to 6-years with their caregivers’ weight and habi...

  1. Nutritional status, body composition and physical activity among older people living in residential care facilities

    OpenAIRE

    Carlsson, Maine

    2011-01-01

    The main purpose of this thesis was to study, whether drinkable yoghurt enriched with probiotic bacteria could have any effect on constipation and body weight (BW) among older people with dementia. Further, it concerns poor nutritional status among older people with physical and cognitive impairments and its relationship with factors commonly occur in older people living in residential care facilities. It also discusses how body composition changes with ageing and the associations between cha...

  2. Influence of weight status on physical and mental health in Moroccan perimenopausal women

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oudghiri, Dia Eddine; Ruiz-Cabello, Pilar; Camiletti-Moirón, Daniel; Fernández, María Del Mar; Aranda, Pilar; Aparicio, Virginia Ariadna

    2016-01-01

    Introduction There is a lack of information about fitness and other health indicators in women from countries such as Morocco. This study aims to explore the association of weight status with physical and mental health in Moroccan perimenopausal women. Methods 151 women (45-65 years) from the North of Morocco were analyzed by standardized field-based fitness tests to assess cardiorespiratory fitness, muscular strength, flexibility, agility and balance. Quality of life was assessed by means of the Short-Form-36 Health Survey. Resting heart rate, blood pressure and plasma fasting glucose, total cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol and triglycerides were also measured. Results Blood pressure (P=0.001), plasma triglycerides (P=0.041) and the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (P<0.001) increased as weight status increased. Levels of cardiorespiratory fitness, upper-body flexibility (both, P<0.001), static balance (P<0.05) and dynamic balance (P<0.01) decreased as weight status increased. Pairwise comparisons showed differences mainly between normal-weight and overweight vs. obese groups. No differences between groups were observed on quality of life. Conclusion Cardiovascular and lipid profile and fitness, important indicators of cardiovascular disease risk, worsened as weight status increased, whereas quality of life appears to be independent of weight status. Exercise and nutritional programs focus on weight management may be advisable in this under studied population. PMID:27303571

  3. Calcaneal Quantitative Ultrasound Indicates Reduced Bone Status Among Physically Active Adult Forager-Horticulturalists.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stieglitz, Jonathan; Madimenos, Felicia; Kaplan, Hillard; Gurven, Michael

    2016-03-01

    Sedentary lifestyle contributes to osteoporosis and fragility fracture risks among modern humans, but whether such risks are prevalent in physically active preindustrial societies with lower life expectancies is unclear. Osteoporosis should be readily observable in preindustrial societies if it was regularly experienced over human history. In this study of 142 older adult Tsimane forager-horticulturalists (mean age ± SD, 62.1 ± 8.6 years; range, 50 to 85 years; 51% female) we used calcaneal quantitative ultrasonography (qUS) to assess bone status, document prevalence of adults with reduced bone status, and identify factors (demographic, anthropometric, immunological, kinesthetic) associated with reduced bone status. Men (23%) are as likely as women (25%) to have reduced bone status, although age-related decline in qUS parameters is attenuated for men. Adiposity and fat-free mass positively co-vary with qUS parameters for women but not men. Leukocyte count is inversely associated with qUS parameters controlling for potential confounders; leukocyte count is positively correlated within adults over time, and adults with persistently low counts have higher adjusted qUS parameters (6% to 8%) than adults with a high count. Reduced bone status characteristic of osteoporosis is common among active Tsimane with minimal exposure to osteoporosis risk factors found in industrialized societies, but with energetic constraints and high pathogen burden. © 2015 American Society for Bone and Mineral Research. PMID:26460548

  4. Reduced risk of breast cancer associated with recreational physical activity varies by HER2 status

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Convincing epidemiologic evidence indicates that physical activity is inversely associated with breast cancer risk. Whether this association varies by the tumor protein expression status of the estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR), human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2), or p53 is unclear. We evaluated the effects of recreational physical activity on risk of invasive breast cancer classified by the four biomarkers, fitting multivariable unconditional logistic regression models to data from 1195 case and 2012 control participants in the population-based Women’s Contraceptive and Reproductive Experiences Study. Self-reported recreational physical activity at different life periods was measured as average annual metabolic equivalents of energy expenditure [MET]-hours per week. Our biomarker-specific analyses showed that lifetime recreational physical activity was negatively associated with the risks of ER-positive (ER+) and of HER2-negative (HER2−) subtypes (both Ptrend ≤ 0.04), but not with other subtypes (all Ptrend > 0.10). Analyses using combinations of biomarkers indicated that risk of invasive breast cancer varied only by HER2 status. Risk of HER2–breast cancer decreased with increasing number of MET-hours of recreational physical activity in each specific life period examined, although some trend tests were only marginally statistically significant (all Ptrend ≤ 0.06). The test for homogeneity of trends (HER2– vs. HER2+) reached statistical significance only when evaluating physical activity during the first 10 years after menarche (Phomogeneity = 0.03). Our data suggest that physical activity reduces risk of invasive breast cancers that lack HER2 overexpression, increasing our understanding of the biological mechanisms by which physical activity acts

  5. High energy physics advisory panel's composite subpanel for the assessment of the status of accelerator physics and technology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In November 1994, Dr. Martha Krebs, Director of the US Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Energy Research (OER), initiated a broad assessment of the current status and promise of the field of accelerator physics and technology with respect to five OER programs -- High Energy Physics, Nuclear Physics, Basic Energy Sciences, Fusion Energy, and Health and Environmental Research. Dr. Krebs asked the High Energy Physics Advisory Panel (HEPAP) to establish a composite subpanel with representation from the five OER advisory committees and with a balance of membership drawn broadly from both the accelerator community and from those scientific disciplines associated with the OER programs. The Subpanel was also charged to provide recommendations and guidance on appropriate future research and development needs, management issues, and funding requirements. The Subpanel finds that accelerator science and technology is a vital and intellectually exciting field. It has provided essential capabilities for the DOE/OER research programs with an enormous impact on the nation's scientific research, and it has significantly enhanced the nation's biomedical and industrial capabilities. Further progress in this field promises to open new possibilities for the scientific goals of the OER programs and to further benefit the nation. Sustained support of forefront accelerator research and development by the DOE's OER programs and the DOE's predecessor agencies has been responsible for much of this impact on research. This report documents these contributions to the DOE energy research mission and to the nation

  6. Effects of physical activity on health status in older adults. II. Intervention studies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buchner, D M; Beresford, S A; Larson, E B; LaCroix, A Z; Wagner, E H

    1992-01-01

    This review has focused on a specific part of the relationship of exercise to health. The overall evidence supporting the health benefits of exercise is substantial and has been critically reviewed recently (18, 94). Thus, the United States Preventive Services Task Force recommends that all adults exercise regularly (94). The conclusions summarized below regarding older adults do not affect this basic recommendation. There is solid evidence that exercise can improve measures of fitness in older adults, particularly strength and aerobic capacity. These exercise effects occur in chronically ill adults, as well as in healthy adults. Because physical fitness is a determinant of functional status, it is logical to ask whether exercise can prevent or improve impairments in functional status in older adults. The evidence that exercise improves functional status is promising, but inconclusive. Problems with existing studies include a lack of randomized controlled trials, a lack of evidence that effects of exercise can be sustained over long periods of time, inadequate statistical power, and failure to target physically unfit individuals. Existing studies suggest that exercise may produce improvements in gait and balance. Arthritis patients may experience long-term functional status benefits from exercise, including improved mobility and decreased pain symptoms. Nonrandomized trials suggest exercise promotes bone mineral density and thereby decreases fracture risk. Recent studies have generally concluded that short-term exercise does not improve cognitive function. Yet the limited statistical power of these studies does not preclude what may be a modest, but functionally meaningful, effect of exercise on cognition. Future research, beyond correcting methodologic deficiencies in existing studies, should systematically study how functional status effects of exercise vary with the type, intensity, and duration of exercise. It should address issues in recruiting functionally

  7. Parental socioeconomic status and change in physical activity among children attending a family-based obesity treatment program

    OpenAIRE

    Tautra, Cathrine VIk

    2013-01-01

    Background: Physical activity is associated with health and a normal weight status and is therefore recommended in childhood obesity treatment. To produce more effective treatment for obese children, there is a need to investigate how social factors affect the outcome of these treatments. Children with low parental socioeconomic status (SES) are particularly at high risk for being obese and having a sedentary lifestyle. The impact of socioeconomic status in the treatment o...

  8. The prevalence of physical, sexual and mental abuse among adolescents and the association with BMI status

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Veldwijk Jorien

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Studies among adults show an association between abuse and Body Mass Index (BMI status. When an aberrant BMI status as a consequence of abuse is already prevalent in adolescence, early detection and treatment of abuse might prevent these adolescents from developing serious weight problems and other long-term social, emotional and physical problems in adulthood. Therefore, this study investigated the prevalence of physical, sexual and mental abuse among adolescents and examined the association of these abuse subtypes with BMI status. Methods In total, data of 51,856 secondary school students aged 13–16 who had completed a questionnaire on health, well-being and lifestyle were used. BMI was classified into four categories, underweight, normal weight, overweight and obesity. Adolescents reported if they had ever been physically, sexually or mentally abused. Crude and adjusted General Estimation Equation (GEE analyses were performed to investigate the association between abuse subtypes and BMI status. Analyses were adjusted for ethnicity and parental communication, and stratified for gender and educational level. Results Eighteen percent of the adolescents reported mental abuse, 7% reported sexual abuse, and 6% reported physical abuse. For underweight, overweight and obese adolescents these percentages were 17%, 25%, and 44%; 7%, 8%, and 16%; and 6%, 8%, 18% respectively. For the entire population, all these subtypes of abuse were associated with being overweight and obese (OR=3.67, 1.79 and 1.50 and all but sexual abuse were associated with underweight (OR=1.21 and 1.12. Stratified analyses showed that physical and sexual abuse were significantly associated with obesity among boys (OR=1.77 and 2.49 and among vocational school students (OR=1.60 and 1.69, and with underweight among girls (OR=1.26 and 0.83. Conclusion Mental abuse was reported by almost half of the obese adolescents and associated with underweight, overweight and

  9. Clinical relevance of optimizing vitamin D status in soldiers to enhance physical and cognitive performance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wentz, Laurel M; Eldred, Jerad D; Henry, Michael D; Berry-Cabán, Cristóbal S

    2014-01-01

    Vitamin D deficiency initiates a loss of combat effectiveness by impairing physical and cognitive functioning of combat Operators. Synthesized in response to sunlight and consumed in the diet, vitamin D functions as a hormone and regulates gene expression for nearly 300 genes throughout the human body. These target genes are involved processes essential to combat operations, such as immune function, response to stress, inflammation, and regulation of calcium movement. Since widespread vitamin D deficiency is observed across the U.S. population, poor vitamin D status is expected in Servicemembers. Physical conditions linked to vitamin D deficiency include increased risk for muscle or bone injury, muscle weakness, and reduced neuromuscular function. Hormonally, vitamin D levels have been positively correlated with testosterone levels. Vitamin D deficiency is also associated with cognitive decline, depression, and may prolong recovery following mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). Since vitamin D deficiency elevates systemic inflammation, poor vitamin D status at the time of brain injury may prolong the inflammatory response and exacerbate postconcussive symptoms. Furthermore, veterans with mTBI experience chronic endocrine dysfunction. While vitamin D status has not been assessed post-mTBI, it is plausible that vitamin D levels are altered along with testosterone and growth hormone, raising the question of whether vitamin D deficiency results from trauma-related hormonal abnormalities or whether vitamin D deficiency increases the risk for endocrine dysfunction. Through its association with testosterone production, vitamin D deficiency may increase the risk for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) since testosterone levels are altered in veterans with PTSD. Therefore, vitamin D status has a significant impact on Operator health and performance. Supplementing vita-min D to deficient Operators provides a noninvasive and low-cost intervention to maintain combat force

  10. Relationships between Psychosocial Resilience and Physical Health Status of Western Australian Urban Aboriginal Youth.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katrina D Hopkins

    Full Text Available Psychosocial processes are implicated as mediators of racial/ethnic health disparities via dysregulation of physiological responses to stress. Our aim was to investigate the extent to which factors previously documented as buffering the impact of high-risk family environments on Aboriginal youths' psychosocial functioning were similarly beneficial for their physical health status.We examined the relationship between psychosocial resilience and physical health of urban Aboriginal youth (12-17 years, n = 677 drawn from a representative survey of Western Australian Aboriginal children and their families. A composite variable of psychosocial resilient status, derived by cross-classifying youth by high/low family risk exposure and normal/abnormal psychosocial functioning, resulted in four groups- Resilient, Less Resilient, Expected Good and Vulnerable. Separate logistic regression modeling for high and low risk exposed youth revealed that Resilient youth were significantly more likely to have lower self-reported asthma symptoms (OR 3.48, p<.001 and carer reported lifetime health problems (OR 1.76, p<.04 than Less Resilient youth.The findings are consistent with biopsychosocial models and provide a more nuanced understanding of the patterns of risks, resources and adaptation that impact on the physical health of Aboriginal youth. The results support the posited biological pathways between chronic stress and physical health, and identify the protective role of social connections impacting not only psychosocial function but also physical health. Using a resilience framework may identify potent protective factors otherwise undetected in aggregated analyses, offering important insights to augment general public health prevention strategies.

  11. Multiple Measures of Physical Activity, Dietary Habits and Weight Status in African American and Hispanic or Latina Women

    OpenAIRE

    Lee, Rebecca E; Mama, Scherezade K.; Medina, Ashley V; Reese-Smith, Jacqueline Y; Banda, Jorge A.; Layne, Charles S.; Baxter, Meggin; O’Connor, Daniel P; McNeill, Lorna; Estabrooks, Paul A.

    2011-01-01

    Compared measures of physical activity and dietary habits used in the Health Is Power (HIP) study, and described the associations of physical activity and dietary habits among African American and Hispanic or Latino women, adjusted for weight status. Cross-sectional baseline data were compared for community dwelling, healthy African American (N = 262) and Hispanic or Latina women (N = 148) who participated in HIP. Physical activity was measured using the International Physical Activity Questi...

  12. Improvement in health status following bronchopulmonary hygiene physical therapy in patients with bronchiectasis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mutalithas, Kugathasan; Watkin, Gillian; Willig, Briony; Wardlaw, Andrew; Pavord, Ian D; Birring, Surinder S

    2008-08-01

    Chronic productive cough is a common symptom in patients with bronchiectasis that is associated with a reduction in health-related quality of life (QOL). Bronchopulmonary hygiene physical therapy (BHPT) is widely prescribed for patients with bronchiectasis, although the evidence for its efficacy is limited. We set out to prospectively evaluate the impact of BHPT on health-related QOL in patients with non-cystic fibrosis bronchiectasis. We assessed cough symptoms (0-100mm visual analogue scale; VAS) and cough-related QOL in 53 patients with stable non-cystic fibrosis bronchiectasis at baseline and >4 weeks after outpatient-based BHPT. Cough specific health status was assessed with the Leicester Cough Questionnaire (LCQ; total score range 3-21, higher scores representing better QOL). All patients with bronchiectasis complained of cough as the major symptom and had mean (SEM) FEV(1) of 2.1 (0.1)L. Cough-related health status was reduced at baseline; mean (SEM) LCQ score 14.3 (0.6). There were significant improvements in cough symptoms (mean cough VAS before 43.3 (3.6) vs after 27.5 (3.1); mean difference 15.8; 95% CI of difference 9.6-22; p<0.0001) and cough-related health status after BHPT (mean LCQ total score before 14.2 vs after 17.3; mean difference 3.1; 95% confidence interval of difference 2.4-3.9; p<0.001). A significant improvement was seen in all LCQ health-related domains (physical, psychological and social; all p<0.001). Our findings suggest that bronchopulmonary hygiene physical therapy can lead to a significant improvement in cough-related quality of life. PMID:18585027

  13. Status of the CKM matrix as of Summer 2009 and sensitivity to New Physics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We summarise the current status of the Cabbibo-Kobayaski-Maskawa matrix describing mixing and CP violation in the quark sector. We review the main ingredients of the global CKM analysis, with an emphasis on recent results and their impact. We assess the compatibility between various sources of information. We discuss the role of theoretical and experimental uncertainties. We use current data to analyse scenarios of potential deviations from the flavour sector in the Standard Model, by setting constraints on additional effective parameters accounting for possible New Physics effects. (author)

  14. Association of inflammation, dyslipidemia, obesity and physical activity status in children

    OpenAIRE

    Juliano Magalhães Guedes; José Bontempo Mamêde Neto; Alynne Christian Ribeiro Andaki; Patrícia Feliciano Pereira; Michelle Dias de Oliveira; Roberto Sousa Dias; Sérgio Oliveira de Paula; Antônio José Natali; Alexandre de Paula Rogério; Edmar Lacerda Mendes

    2016-01-01

    Abstract The aim of this study was to verify the association between inflammatory biomarkers, dyslipidemia, obesity and physical activity status in 10-years old children. Ninety-four children participated in this study and were classified into eutrophic (n=36), overweight (n=34) or obese (n=24) according to their body mass index (BMI). The genic expression of interleukin 6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) and chemokine C-C motif ligand 2 (CCL-2) mRNA; the serum concentration of hig...

  15. Adolescent Weight Status and Related Behavioural Factors: Web Survey of Physical Activity and Nutrition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kate E. Storey

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose. To identify whether non-overweight students were different from their overweight or obese peers with respect to diet, suboptimal meal behaviours, and physical activity using a self-administered web-based survey. Methods. 4097 adolescents living in Alberta, Canada completed Web-SPAN (Web Survey of Physical Activity and Nutrition. Students were classified as overweight or obese, and differences were described in terms of nutrient intakes, physical activity, and meal behaviours. Results. Non-overweight students consumed significantly more carbohydrate and fibre, and significantly less fat and high calorie beverages, and had a higher frequency of consuming breakfast and snacks compared to overweight or obese students. Both non-overweight and overweight students were significantly more active than obese students. Conclusions. This research supports the need to target suboptimal behaviours such as high calorie beverage consumption, fat intake, breakfast skipping, and physical inactivity. School nutrition policies and mandatory physical education for all students may help to improve weight status in adolescents.

  16. Testing satisfaction of basic psychological needs as a mediator of the relationship between socioeconomic status and physical and mental health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    González, Maynor G; Swanson, Dena P; Lynch, Martin; Williams, Geoffrey C

    2016-06-01

    This research applied self-determination theory to examine the degree to which satisfaction of basic psychological needs for autonomy, relatedness, and competence explained the association between socioeconomic status and physical and mental health outcomes, while controlling for age, exercise, and smoking status. This was a survey research study with 513 full-time employees in professions representative of a hierarchal organization. The results of the structural equation model verify that psychological need satisfaction mediates the inverse association between socioeconomic status and physical and mental health. Self-determination theory contributes to understanding the psychosocial roots of the uneven distribution of health across the socioeconomic gradient. PMID:25104782

  17. Physical preparedness and functional status of young players in the competition period

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Svystun Yu.D.

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Purpose : evaluate physical preparedness and functional status of young players in the competitive period. Material : the study involved two groups of players. One group - 18 athletes aged 13 years. The second group - 16 players aged 14-16 years. Athletes performed tests: running 15 m stroke and 15 m, 30 m from the spot. Determines the amount of creatinine in the urine of athletes. Results : the evaluation of physical preparedness of young players indicates a decrease in the speed of the players, as evidenced by indicators and creatinine excretion in the urine. Revealed hypertrophy of the left ventricle, systolic blood volume. Functional state of the older age group athletes is somewhat better than the younger players. Analysis of the studied parameters indicates incomplete recovery of the body of young players. Conclusions : It is recommended to use the results to correct the training process of young players.

  18. Current status of education and training in medical physics in developing and developed countries

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Significant resources are allocated for applying Medical Physics to health care. State-of-the-art technological developments have made this discipline valuable in early diagnosis and treatment of many diseases, particularly cancer. The current challenge is the dire need of harmonizing the standards of practice, including equipment, quality assurance, safety, education and training in Medical Physics across various countries. With experiences gained from the successes and failures in this field, standards of practice have evolved in the developed as well as the developing countries, but at different rates. Considerations of cost-benefit and priorities have led to increased gap in these standards of practice. In this presentation, the status of the education and training component of selected countries representing the two domains will be discussed. Possible causes, as well as the means adopted by the national and international organisations to bridge the gaps, will also be a part of the discussion. Suggestions for future improvements will be offered for consideration

  19. The relationship between adolescents' physical activity, fundamental movement skills and weight status.

    Science.gov (United States)

    O' Brien, Wesley; Belton, Sarahjane; Issartel, Johann

    2016-06-01

    The aim of this study was to determine if a potential relationship among physical activity (PA), fundamental movement skills and weight status exists amongst early adolescent youth. Participants were a sample of 85 students; 54 boys (mean age = 12.94 ± 0.33 years) and 31 girls (mean age = 12.75 ± 0.43 years). Data gathered during physical education class included PA (accelerometry), fundamental movement skills and anthropometric measurements. Standard multiple regression revealed that PA and total fundamental movement skill proficiency scores explained 16.5% (P obese adolescents, a significantly higher proportion of adolescents classified as normal weight achieved mastery/near-mastery in fundamental movement skills. Results from the current investigation indicate that weight status is an important correlate of fundamental movement skill proficiency during adolescence. Aligned with most recent research, school- and community-based programmes that include developmentally structured learning experiences delivered by specialists can significantly improve fundamental movement skill proficiency in youth. PMID:26437119

  20. Geography Influences Dietary Intake, Physical Activity and Weight Status of Adolescents

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shauna M. Downs

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose. The purpose of this study was to assess rural and urban differences in the dietary intakes, physical activity levels and weight status of a large sample of Canadian youth in both 2005 and 2008. Materials and Methods. A cross-sectional study of rural and urban adolescents (n=10,023 in Alberta was conducted in both 2005 and 2008 using a web-based survey. Results. There was an overall positive change in nutrient intakes between 2005 and 2008; however, rural residents generally had a poorer nutrient profile than urban residents (P<.001. They consumed less fibre and a greater percent energy from saturated fat. The mean physical activity scores increased among rural youth between 2005 and 2008 (P<.001, while remaining unchanged among urban youth. Residence was significantly related to weight status in 2005 (P=.017, but not in 2008. Conclusion. Although there were small improvements in nutrient intakes from 2005 to 2008, several differences in the lifestyle behaviours of adolescents living in rural and urban areas were found. The results of this study emphasize the importance of making policy and program recommendations to support healthy lifestyle behaviours within the context of the environments in which adolescents live.

  1. Screen time, weight status and the self-concept of physical attractiveness in adolescents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suchert, Vivien; Hanewinkel, Reiner; Isensee, Barbara

    2016-04-01

    Adolescents in modern societies spend about 3 h per day in front of small recreational screens. The present study aims at investigating the relationships between screen time and different indicators of overweight. In addition, associations with the self-concept of physical attractiveness and perceived weight status will be examined. In a total sample of 1228 students (47.5% girls) aged 12-17 years (M = 13.74, SD = 0.68) cross-sectional associations were determined by conducting multiple linear regression analyses. Screen time showed a significant positive dose-response relationship with body mass index percentile, waist circumference, body fat, waist-to-height-ratio, and a negative association with self-concept of physical attractiveness independent of age, gender and moderate to vigorous physical activity. Thus, screen time seems to be associated with adolescent overweight, abdominal obesity, and body dissatisfaction. Reducing adolescents' screen time could be a promising approach for primary prevention of obesity and for the promotion of a positive physical self-concept. PMID:26854729

  2. Efficacy of an Integrated School Curriculum Pedometer Intervention to Enhance Physical Activity and to Reduce Weight Status in Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duncan, Michael; Birch, Samantha; Woodfield, Lorayne

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the efficacy of an integrated school curriculum pedometer intervention on children's physical activity and weight status. Following ethics approval and informed consent, 59 children (22 boys, 27 girls, aged 10-11) from a primary school in central England completed a four-week integrated physical activity…

  3. PHYSICS

    CERN Multimedia

    P. Sphicas

    There have been three physics meetings since the last CMS week: “physics days” on March 27-29, the Physics/ Trigger week on April 23-27 and the most recent physics days on May 22-24. The main purpose of the March physics days was to finalize the list of “2007 analyses”, i.e. the few topics that the physics groups will concentrate on for the rest of this calendar year. The idea is to carry out a full physics exercise, with CMSSW, for select physics channels which test key features of the physics objects, or represent potential “day 1” physics topics that need to be addressed in advance. The list of these analyses was indeed completed and presented in the plenary meetings. As always, a significant amount of time was also spent in reviewing the status of the physics objects (reconstruction) as well as their usage in the High-Level Trigger (HLT). The major event of the past three months was the first “Physics/Trigger week” in Apri...

  4. GRAPE EXTRACT IMPROVES ANTIOXIDANT STATUS AND PHYSICAL PERFORMANCE IN ELITE MALE ATHLETES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sophie Lafay

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Excessive physical exercise overproduces reactive oxygen species. Even if elite sportsmen increase their antioxidant status by regular physical training, during the competition period, this improvement is not sufficient to limit free radical production which could be detrimental to the body. The aim of this randomized, double-blind, placebo controlled, and crossover study on 20 elite sportsmen (handball = 10, basketball = 5, sprint = 4, and volleyball = 1 during the competition period was to determine if the consumption of a grape extract (GE; Vitis vinifera L. was able to improve the parameters related to (i anti-oxidative status and oxidative stress and (ii physical performance. Specific biomarkers of antioxidant capacity, oxidative stress, skeletal cell muscle damage, and other general biomarkers were determined in plasma and urine before (D0 and after one month (D30 of placebo or GE supplementation (400mg·d-1. Effort tests were conducted using the Optojump® system, which allows determining the total physical performance (EnRJ45, explosive power (RJ110, and fatigue (RJL5. The plasma ORAC value was not modified in the placebo group; however, GE increased the ORAC value compared to the placebo at D30 (14 966+/-335 vs 14 242+/-339 µmol Teq·L-1; p < 0.05. The plasma FRAP value was significantly reduced in the placebo group, but not in the GE group. Therefore, GE limited the reduction of FRAP compared to the placebo at D30 (1 053.7+/-31.5 vs 993.7+/-26.7 µmol Teq·L-1; p < 0.05. Urinary isoprostane values were increased in the placebo group, but were not modified in the GE group. Consequently, GE limited the production of isoprostanes compared to the placebo at D30 (1.24+/-0.12 vs 1.26+/-0.13 ng·mg-1 creatinine; p < 0.05. GE administration, compared to the placebo at D30, reduced the plasmatic creatine phosphokinase concentration (CPK, 695.7+/-177.0 vs 480.0+/-81.1 IU·L-1, p = 0.1 and increased hemoglobin levels (Hb, 14.5+/-0.2 vs 14

  5. Refractive status at birth: its relation to newborn physical parameters at birth and gestational age.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raji Mathew Varghese

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Refractive status at birth is related to gestational age. Preterm babies have myopia which decreases as gestational age increases and term babies are known to be hypermetropic. This study looked at the correlation of refractive status with birth weight in term and preterm babies, and with physical indicators of intra-uterine growth such as the head circumference and length of the baby at birth. METHODS: All babies delivered at St. Stephens Hospital and admitted in the nursery were eligible for the study. Refraction was performed within the first week of life. 0.8% tropicamide with 0.5% phenylephrine was used to achieve cycloplegia and paralysis of accommodation. 599 newborn babies participated in the study. Data pertaining to the right eye is utilized for all the analyses except that for anisometropia where the two eyes were compared. Growth parameters were measured soon after birth. Simple linear regression analysis was performed to see the association of refractive status, (mean spherical equivalent (MSE, astigmatism and anisometropia with each of the study variables, namely gestation, length, weight and head circumference. Subsequently, multiple linear regression was carried out to identify the independent predictors for each of the outcome parameters. RESULTS: Simple linear regression showed a significant relation between all 4 study variables and refractive error but in multiple regression only gestational age and weight were related to refractive error. The partial correlation of weight with MSE adjusted for gestation was 0.28 and that of gestation with MSE adjusted for weight was 0.10. Birth weight had a higher correlation to MSE than gestational age. CONCLUSION: This is the first study to look at refractive error against all these growth parameters, in preterm and term babies at birth. It would appear from this study that birth weight rather than gestation should be used as criteria for screening for refractive error

  6. Polyunsaturated Fatty Acid Status and Physical Activity Level in Children Admitted with Severe Acute Malnutrition

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Babirekere-Iriso, Esther

    numbers of blood cells. Despite advances in the management of SAM, current therapeutic feeds do not correct whole-blood LCPUFA composition, particularly n-3 LCPUFA, in children with SAM. The level of physical activity at discharge among children with SAM is very low perhaps indicating inadequate recovery...... modulation, growth and development as well as maintenance of skin water barrier among others. The reduced relative contribution of PUFA may be linked to some of the clinical presentations in children with SAM. Treatment of SAM may be improved by better understanding of most of the nutritional deficiencies...... with the aim of achieving optimal nutritional status. The purpose of this thesis was to investigate whole blood PUFA composition and its correlates in children admitted with SAM and describe changes in the PUFA composition in these children during treatment and to determine predictors of change...

  7. Implementation status of the extreme light infrastructure - nuclear physics (ELI-NP) project

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gales, S., E-mail: sydney.gales@eli-np.ro; Zamfir, N. V., E-mail: sydney.gales@eli-np.ro [ELI-NP, Horia Hulubei National Institute for Physics and Nuclear Engineering, 30 Reactorului Street, RO-077125 Bucharest-Magurele (Romania)

    2015-02-24

    The Project Extreme Light Infrastructure (ELI) is part of the European Strategic Forum for Research Infrastructures (ESFRI) Roadmap. ELI will be built as a network of three complementary pillars at the frontier of laser technologies. The ELI-NP pillar (NP for Nuclear Physics) is under construction near Bucharest (Romania) and will develop a scientific program using two 10 PW lasers and a Compton back-scattering high-brilliance and intense gamma beam, a marriage of laser and accelerator technology at the frontier of knowledge. In the present paper, the technical description of the facility, the present status of the project as well as the science, applications and future perspectives will be discussed.

  8. Association of inflammation, dyslipidemia, obesity and physical activity status in children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juliano Magalhães Guedes

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract The aim of this study was to verify the association between inflammatory biomarkers, dyslipidemia, obesity and physical activity status in 10-years old children. Ninety-four children participated in this study and were classified into eutrophic (n=36, overweight (n=34 or obese (n=24 according to their body mass index (BMI. The genic expression of interleukin 6 (IL-6, tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α and chemokine C-C motif ligand 2 (CCL-2 mRNA; the serum concentration of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-c and triglycerides; BMI, percentage of body fat (% BF and waist circumference; and the number of steps per day were determined. The expression of IL-6, TNF-α and CCL-2 were associated (p 0.05 between pro-inflammatory biomarkers and number of steps per day was found.

  9. The scalable coherent interface, IEEE P1596, status and possible applications to data acquisition and physics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    IEEE P1596, the Scalable Coherent Interface (formerly known as SuperBus) is based on experience gained while developing Fastbus (ANSI/IEEE 960-1986, IEC 935), Futurebus (IEEE P896.x) and other modern 32-bit buses. SCI goals include a minimum bandwidth of 1 GByte/sec per processor in multiprocessor systems with thousands of processors; efficient support of a coherent distributed-cache image of distributed shared memory; support for repeaters which interface to existing or future buses; and support for inexpensive small rings as well as for general switched interconnections like Banyan, Omega, or crossbar networks. This paper presents a summary of current directions, reports the status of the work in progress, and suggests some applications in data acquisition and physics. 7 refs

  10. Survival of patients with head and neck cancer. Impact of physical status and comorbidities

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Prognostic factors (e.g., gender, tumor stage, and hypoxia) have an impact on survival in patients with head and neck cancer. Thus, the impact of physical status and comorbidities on treatment decision and survival were evaluated. Patients and methods A total of 169 primary, inoperable patients with squamous cell cancer of the head and neck were retrospectively investigated. Patients were treated with hyperfractionated accelerated radio(chemo)therapy (HARcT) or hypofractionated radio(chemo)therapy (HypoRcT). Depending on the individual patient's situation (Karnofsky Performance Index, KPI), treatment for patients with a KPI of 80-100% was generally radiochemotherapy and for patients with a KPI ≤ 70% treatment was radiotherapy alone. In addition, all comorbidities were evaluated. Uni- and multivariate proportional hazards model were used, and overall survival (OS) was estimated by the Kaplan-Meier method. Results Treatment consisted of HARcT for 76 patients (45%), HART for 28 patients (17%), HypoRcT for 14 patients(8%), and HypoRT for 51 patients (30%). Of the patients, 107 patients (63%) presented with a KPI of 80-100%. OS (20%) was significantly better for patients with a KPI of 80-100%, while the OS for patients with a KPI ≤ 70% was 8% (p 70 Gy), and chemotherapy were significant prognostic factors for better OS. Conclusion Our retrospective analysis shows that performance status with dependency on comorbidities was an independent risk factor for OS. (orig.)

  11. Spouse selection by health status and physical traits. Sardinia, 1856-1925.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manfredini, M; Breschi, M; Mazzoni, S

    2010-02-01

    Military medical information and data from civil registers of death and marriage have been used to study the role of physical characteristics and health conditions in explaining access to marriage for the male population of Alghero, a small city located in Sardinia Island (Italy), at the turn of 19th century. Literature data about contemporary populations have already demonstrated the influence of somatic traits in the mate choice. The results presented here show that men with low height and poor health status at the age of 20 were negatively selected for marriage. This holds true also in a society where families often arranged marriages for their children. This pattern of male selection on marriage was found to be particularly marked among the richest and wealthiest SES groups. Our hypothesis is that this social group carefully selected for marriage those individuals who were apparently healthier and therefore more likely to guarantee good health status and better life conditions to offspring. In evolutionary terms, the mate choice component of sexual selection suggests that the height of prospective partners could be claimed as one of the determinants, along with other environmental causes, of the observed higher stature of men belonging to the wealthiest social strata of the Alghero population. PMID:19902452

  12. Multiple measures of physical activity, dietary habits and weight status in African American and Hispanic or Latina women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Rebecca E; Mama, Scherezade K; Medina, Ashley V; Reese-Smith, Jacqueline Y; Banda, Jorge A; Layne, Charles S; Baxter, Meggin; O'Connor, Daniel P; McNeill, Lorna; Estabrooks, Paul A

    2011-12-01

    Compared measures of physical activity and dietary habits used in the Health Is Power (HIP) study, and described the associations of physical activity and dietary habits among African American and Hispanic or Latino women, adjusted for weight status. Cross-sectional baseline data were compared for community dwelling, healthy African American (N = 262) and Hispanic or Latina women (N = 148) who participated in HIP. Physical activity was measured using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) long form, the Check And Line Questionnaire (CALQ) log and accelerometry. Dietary habits were measured using NCI 24-h recall screeners, vegetable and fruit (VF) logs and the NCI Diet History Questionnaire (DHQ). Differences in physical activity and dietary habits were assessed using simultaneous 2 (ethnicity) × 3 (weight status) ANCOVAs adjusted for age and socioeconomic status. Women (M age = 44.4 ± 10.9 years) were obese (M = 34.0 ± 9.7 kg/m(2)), did not meet physical activity guidelines as measured by accelerometry (M = 19.4 ± 19.1 min MVPA/day) and ate few VF (M = 2.8 ± 2.7 servings/day). DHQ variables differed by weight status. IPAQ was associated with CALQ, and CALQ with accelerometry (P < .05). IPAQ was not associated with accelerometry. Regardless of ethnicity, normal weight women did more physical activity, reported more VF consumption, and consumed more fat calories than overweight and obese women (Ps < .05). African American women did more MVPA than Hispanic or Latino women (P < .001). Relationships between behaviors and weight status suggest accelerometry and DHQ are preferable, regardless of ethnicity; and studies may capture different domains of physical activity and dietary habits depending on measure used. PMID:21519867

  13. Beneficial influence of physical exercise following status epilepticus in the immature brain of rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gomes, F G Novaes; Gomes Da Silva, S; Cavalheiro, E A; Arida, R M

    2014-08-22

    Studies in adult animals have demonstrated a beneficial effect of physical exercise on epileptic insults. Although the effects of physical exercise on the mature nervous system are well documented, its influence on the developing nervous system subjected to injuries in childhood has been little explored. The purpose of our study was to investigate whether a physical exercise program applied during brain development could influence the hippocampal plasticity of rats submitted to status epilepticus (SE) induced by pilocarpine model at two different ages of the postnatal period. Male Wistar rats aged 18 (P18) and 28 (P28) days were randomly divided into four groups: Control (CTRL), Exercise (EX), SE (SE) and SE Exercise (SE/EX) (n=17 per group). After the aerobic exercise program, histological and behavioral (water maze) analyses were performed. Our results showed that only animals subjected to pilocarpine-induced SE at P28 presented spontaneous seizures during the observational period. A significant reduction in seizure frequency was observed in the SE/EX group compared to the SE group. In adulthood, animals submitted to early-life SE displayed impairment in long-term memory in the water maze task, while the exercise program reversed this deficit. Reduced mossy fiber sprouting in the dentate gyrus was noted in animals that presented spontaneous seizures (SE/EX vs SE). Exercise increased cell proliferation (Ki-67 staining) and anti-apoptotic response (bcl-2 staining) and reduced pro-apoptotic response (Bax staining) in animals of both ages of SE induction (P18/28). Exercise also modified the brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) levels in EX and SE/EX animals. Our findings indicate that in animals subjected to SE in the postnatal period a physical exercise program brings about beneficial effects on seizure frequency and hippocampal plasticity in later stages of life. PMID:24857853

  14. The present status of medical physics education and training in Europe. EFOMP recommendations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: 1. Introduction. Since its inauguration during the second conference of representatives from European organisations for Medical Physics in London in May 1980, one of the main objectives of the European Federation of Organisations for Medical Physics (EFOMP) has been to harmonize and promote the best practice of Medical Physics in Europe. To achieve this goal, EFOMP has produced a number of unanimously adopted documents called 'Policy Statements', making recommendations on the appropriate general responsibilities and roles of the Medical Physicist and proposing guidelines for Education, Training and Accreditation Programmes in Medical Physics. The total number of Policy Statements to date is 11. Policy Statement No. 1 was published at a very early stage, in 1984. It was entitled: 'Medical Physics Education and Training: The present European level and recommendations for its future development', and it represents the starting point of the EFOMP recommendations on Education and Training in Medical Physics. The first EFOMP recommendations on the schemes of Education and Training in Medical Physics and on the education programmes contents were based on these. New Directives from the Council of the European Union such as the medical exposures directive and the directive on the recognition of professional qualifications and the harmonization of the architecture of the European Higher Education System, arising from the 'Bologna declaration' have pointed to the need for an update of this policy. 2. The present status of education and training in Europe. To collect the needed information in an efficient way, a questionnaire has been sent to the Presidents of 34 National Organisation for Medical Physics (NMO) of the countries belonging to EFOMP, during 2005. Twenty-five countries responded to the questionnaire. The results from this survey forms the basis for the new EFOMP recommendations which are at present being discussed with the national organisations of

  15. Crystallization and preliminary X-ray diffraction studies of AsaP1_E294A and AsaP1_E294Q, two inactive mutants of the toxic zinc metallopeptidase AsaP1 from Aeromonas salmonicida subsp. achromogenes

    OpenAIRE

    Bogdanović, Xenia; Singh, Rajesh Kumar; Hentschke, Johanna; Gudmundsdóttir, Bjarnheidur K.; Hinrichs, Winfried

    2009-01-01

    Crystallization and preliminary X-ray diffraction studies of AsaP1_E294A and AsaP1_E294Q, two inactive mutants of the toxic zinc metallopeptidase AsaP1 from A. salmonicida subsp. achromogenes, are reported.

  16. ASA conference on radiation and health, Coolfont VI: Final report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The 1986 ASA Conference on Radiation and Health (Coolfont VI) continued the procedure established in 1981 of holding forenoon and evening sessions, leaving afternoons free for discussion and relaxation. One exception was made this year in that Michael and Marie Stoline were invited to discuss the Chernobyl Disaster on Monday afternoon. The program consisted of the following topics: a general overview of radiation and health problems; cytogenetics and radiation (human and animal studies and statistical analysis of dose-response curves); uranium and health effects, including continuing emphasis on radon, which has attracted considerable national interest lately; epidemiologic studies of workers at nuclear power plants and an uranium processing plant; the latest assessment of atomic bomb dosimetry. These Coolfont Conferences provide an excellent environment for an interchange of ideas and information in an assemblage of scientists from a variety of disciplines. Unfortunately there is one important factor which limits this interchange: language. In order to overcome the difficulty of statisticians understanding nuclear scientists and nuclear scientists understanding statisticians, I suggested one of two procedures: each group prepare a set of commonly used terms with definitions which would be understood by the other group(s); have an introductory session in which each group attempts to explain its language to the other group(s). This problem of communication is even more serious when scientists attempt to explain their research efforts to the general public. The Coolfont Conferences on Radiation and Health should be ideal forums for development of a language which could be understood by the general public as well as different scientific groups. This document contains the abstracts of 12 presented papers

  17. ASA conference on radiation and health: Coolfont 7: Final report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    These proceedings provide a summary of papers presented at the seventh annual ASA Conference on Radiation and Health, held at the Coolfont Conference Center in Berkeley Springs, West Virginia. More than forty scientists, including statisticians, epidemiologists, biologists, and physicists, participated in the conference. The 1987 conference focused on lung cancer risks, especially lung cancer risks due to radon. The BEIR IV report, which addresses health risks of radon and other internally deposited alpha-emitters, was summarized early in the conference. Results of analyses of data on miners in Colorado and in New Mexico were presented, as well as analyses of combined data from several studies, which were used as the basis of estimates in the BEIR IV report. Statistical issues related to appropriate analysis of chronic exposure and of smoking data received considerable attention and discussion. Papers describing models for lung cancer risks based on exposure to cigarette smoke, radiation, and other substances provided insights into general understanding of lung cancer mechanisms. Carcinogenic models were also the subject of a presentation on radiation-induced skin cancer in humans and animals. In addition, relevant data on animal experiments involving radon exposure were summarized. Understanding risks requires relating them to dose, and thus the presentation on dosimetry, both for miner populations and for residents of US homes, made an important contribution to the conference. Presentations on current efforts at the state and national level to assess radon levels in US homes were also of considerable interest to the participants. Individual papers were processed separately for the data base

  18. Rapid and Sensitive Detection of Physical Status of Human Papillomavirus Type 16 DNA by Quantitative Real-Time PCR

    OpenAIRE

    Nagao, Shoji; Yoshinouchi, Mitsuo; Miyagi, Yasunari; Hongo, Atsushi; Kodama, Junichi; Itoh, Sachio; Kudo,Takafumi

    2002-01-01

    A rapid quantitative real-time PCR method was employed to quantify the copy number of E2 and E6 genes for analysis of the physical status of human papillomavirus type 16 (HPV-16) DNA. Significant differences with respect to both copy numbers were found when more than 40% of HPV-16 DNA was integrated with disruption of the E2 gene in an experimental model. The physical status of HPV-16 DNA in 50 clinical samples was exclusively episomal in 21 cases (42%), concomitant in 14 cases (28%), and int...

  19. Status and Physics Opportunities of the STAR Heavy Flavor Tracker and the Muon Telescope Detector Upgrades

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The STAR Collaboration will complete the Heavy Flavor Tracker (HFT) and the Muon Telescope Detector (MTD) upgrades by 2014. HFT utilizes the state-of-art active pixel detector technology, which will greatly enhance the STAR physics capabilities by measuring heavy quark yield, collectivity and correlations via the topological reconstruction of charmed hadrons over a wide momentum range. The MTD is based on the long Multi-Gap Resistive Plate Chamber detector technology designed to measure muons penetrating the bulk of other detectors and the magnet yoke. It will enable STAR to study di-muon and electron-muon correlations and enhance heavy quarkonium studies. With the addition of these upgrades, STAR is well suited to perform precise measurements of production as well as correlations of rare probes (heavy flavors, dileptons) to systematically investigate the quark-gluon plasma properties at RHIC. For Run 13 63% of the MTD has been installed and data have been taken. Prototype PXL sectors (30% coverage) have also been installed and commissioned. Anticipated physics results and current status of these upgrades is reported

  20. Status and Physics Opportunities of the STAR Heavy Flavor Tracker and the Muon Telescope Detector Upgrades

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hao, Qiu; Star Collaboration

    2014-05-01

    The STAR Collaboration will complete the Heavy Flavor Tracker (HFT) and the Muon Telescope Detector (MTD) upgrades by 2014. HFT utilizes the state-of-art active pixel detector technology, which will greatly enhance the STAR physics capabilities by measuring heavy quark yield, collectivity and correlations via the topological reconstruction of charmed hadrons over a wide momentum range. The MTD is based on the long Multi-Gap Resistive Plate Chamber detector technology designed to measure muons penetrating the bulk of other detectors and the magnet yoke. It will enable STAR to study di-muon and electron-muon correlations and enhance heavy quarkonium studies. With the addition of these upgrades, STAR is well suited to perform precise measurements of production as well as correlations of rare probes (heavy flavors, dileptons) to systematically investigate the quark-gluon plasma properties at RHIC. For Run 13 63% of the MTD has been installed and data have been taken. Prototype PXL sectors (30% coverage) have also been installed and commissioned. Anticipated physics results and current status of these upgrades is reported.

  1. Status and neutrino oscillation physics potential of the Hyper-Kamiokande Project in Japan

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Rosa, Gianfranca; Hyper-Kamiokande Protocollaboration

    2016-05-01

    Hyper-Kamiokande (Hyper-K), a proposed one-megaton water Cherenkov detector to be built in Japan, is the logical continuation of the highly successful program of neutrino (astro) physics and proton decay using the water Cherenkov technique. In its baseline design, the Hyper-K detector consists of two cylindrical tanks lying side-by-side, the outer dimensions of each tank being 48m × 54m × 250m. The inner detector region will be instrumented with 99,000 20-inch photo-sensors. An international proto-collaboration has been intensively working on the R&D of key components such as optimization of cavern, tank construction, development of high performance photo-sensors, design of new near detectors and improvements to the J-PARC neutrino beam. Hyper-K will study the CP asymmetry in neutrino oscillations using the neutrino and anti-neutrino beams produced at J-PARC. With an exposure of 7.5 MW × 107 seconds, CP violating parameter delta can be measured to better than 19 degrees at all values of delta, and CP violation can be detected with more than 3 sigma significance for 76% of the values. An overview of the status of project and the studies of the sensitivity of this detector to physics quantities governing neutrino oscillation is presented.

  2. Development of technical standard for inspection and review of Nuclear Power Plant's physical protection status

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    All the nuclear power plants (NPP) should take a regular inspection on their physical protection status. The law for Physical Protection of Nuclear Material and Facility and Radiological Emergency Preparedness (LPPREP) which entered into force on Feb. 16, 2004 makes the NPP to take inspection every two years. The inspection has been carried out based on the order. The orders provide the guideline to prepare the security plan and contingency plan of the licensee. The items that should be included in the plan are well explained. Both review and inspection are conducted based on these items in a qualitative manner. However, the items designated in the orders are not so specific that more detailed standards including quantitative data are needed. In order to cope with increasing demand from both industries and competent authorities, KINAC (Korea Institute of Non-proliferation And Control) that has been performed review and inspection entrusted from the MOST has launched the program to develop more detailed technical standards in both quantitative and qualitative manner. This paper is written to introduce the activities of KINAC for developing the technical standards for review and inspection of the NPP. The results obtained from the study and future plan are explained

  3. The physical activity and health status of two generations of Black South African professional women

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel J.L. Venter

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Increased health risks associated with physical inactivity in the Black population have been reported in recent years. Black women, suffering the highest levels of inactivity, overweight and obesity, are at greatest risk of developing chronic diseases of lifestyle. This explorativedescriptive study investigated the physical activity patterns and health status of two generations of Black professional women, reflecting pre-democracy and post-democracy age groups. Quantitative measures were used, including the ActiGraph GT1M accelerometer, the Global Physical Activity Questionnaire and the Health-Promoting Lifestyle Profile. Sample groups comprised teachers, nurses, social workers and public sector managers. Participants aged between 35 and 45 years were allocated to the older generation group (n = 111, whilst those aged between 18 and 21 years (students in the mentioned professional fields were allocated to the younger generation group (n = 69. The results indicated that these women displayed lower levels of health-promoting behavioural practices than expected, significantly lower levels of physical activity and significantly higher levels of overweight and obesity than the South African norms. The observation that the younger group appeared to be replicating the patterns of the older women is a cause of concern. Greater compliance to health-promoting behaviours was expected in this group owing to participants’ professional involvement in health, education and social development fields. Wide-ranging initiatives are necessary to promote physical activity and health amongst the Black female population in South Africa.

    Opsomming
    Gedurende die afgelope jare het navorsing onder die Swart bevolking ʼn toename in gesondheidsrisiko’s wat met fisieke onaktiwiteit geassosieer is, getoon. Swart vroue, wat die hoogste vlakke van onaktiwiteit, oorgewig en obesiteit toon, blyk ook die grootste risiko te loop om

  4. ASA Kindlustus loodab lepingud kahe nädalaga Tšiili firmale anda / Margus Simson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Simson, Margus

    1999-01-01

    ASA Kindlustus ja AB Elukindlustus loodavad, et seltside tegevuslitsentside tühistamine lükatakse edasi veel kahe nädala võrra, kindlustusportfellide üleandmine Tšiili firmale Pacific Overseas Group

  5. Nutritional status and physical inactivity in moderated asthmatics: A pilot study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bruno, Andreina; Uasuf, Carina Gabriela; Insalaco, Giuseppe; Barazzoni, Rocco; Ballacchino, Antonella; Gjomarkaj, Mark; Pace, Elisabetta

    2016-08-01

    Preservation of nutritional status and of fat-free mass (FFM) and/or preventing of fat mass (FM) accumulation have a positive impact on well-being and prognosis in asthma patients. Physical inactivity is identified by World Health Organization as the fourth leading risk factor for global mortality. Physical activity (PA) may contribute to limit FM accumulation, but little information is available on the interactions between habitual PA and body composition and their association with disease severity in asthma severity.Associations between habitual PA, FM, FFM, and pulmonary function were investigated in 42 subjects (24 patients with mild-moderate asthma and 18 matched control subjects). Sensewear Armband was used to measure PA and metabolic equivalent of tasks (METs) continuously over 4 days, while body composition was measured by bioelectrical impedance analysis. Respiratory functions were also assessed in all study participants.FM and FFM were comparable in mild-moderate asthmatics and controls, but PA was lower in asthmatics and it was negatively correlated with FM and positively with the FFM marker body cell mass in all study subjects (P < 0.05). Among asthmatics, treated moderate asthmatics (ICS, n = 12) had higher FM and lower PA, METs, steps number/die, and forced expiratory volume in the 1st second (FEV1)/forced vital capacity (FVC) than in untreated intermittent asthmatics (UA, n = 12).This pilot study assesses that in mild-moderate asthma patients, lower PA is associated with higher FM and higher disease severity. The current results support enhancement of habitual PA as a potential tool to limit FM accumulation and potentially contribute to preserve pulmonary function in moderate asthma, considering the physical inactivity a strong risk factor for asthma worsening. PMID:27495092

  6. BOREAS RSS-2 Level-1B ASAS Image Data: At-Sensor Radiance in BSQ Format

    Science.gov (United States)

    Russell, C.; Hall, Forrest G. (Editor); Nickeson, Jaime (Editor); Dabney, P. W.; Kovalick, W.; Graham, D.; Bur, Michael; Irons, James R.; Tierney, M.

    2000-01-01

    The BOREAS RSS-2 team used the ASAS instrument, mounted on the NASA C-130 aircraft, to create at-sensor radiance images of various sites as a function of spectral wavelength, view geometry (combinations of view zenith angle, view azimuth angle, solar zenith angle, and solar azimuth angle), and altitude. The level-1b ASAS images of the BOREAS study areas were collected from April to September 1994 and March to July 1996.

  7. Nutritional status and physical activity level as risk factor for traumatic dental injuries occurrence: a systematic review

    OpenAIRE

    Goettems, Marília Leão; Schuch, Helena Silveira; Hallal, Pedro Curi; Torriani, Dione Dias; Flávio Fernando DEMARCO

    2014-01-01

    Aim To systematically review epidemiological articles assessing traumatic dental injuries (TDI) rates according to the physical activity habits and nutritional status. Methods A search was conducted using PubMed, ISI, Scopus, SciELO, LILACS, and gray literature in Brazilian Theses Databank. We searched for dental trauma, traumatic dental injuries, tooth injuries, tooth fractures, physical activity, motor activity, exercise, sedentary lifestyle, sports, obesity, body mass index (BMI), overweig...

  8. LEVEL OF NUTTRITION ADEQUACY, PHYSICAL ACTIVITY AND NUTRITIONAL STATUS OF YOUNG MEN ATHLETES SOCCER SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL IN DENPASAR 2011

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ni Luh Gede Karyamitha

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Soccer is a favorite sport for  people around the world including in Indonesia. Not only the method of training or talent that will determine the achievement, but the intake of daily nutrients directly proper also provide a positive influence on performance and achievements of athletes. The purpose of this study was to determine the adequacy of nutrition, physical activity, and nutritional status of young men athletes soccer. This study useds cross-sectional method. The number of samples taken as much as 96 athletes from all senior high schools in Denpasar and selected systematic random sampling. Results showed the average level of nutritional adequacy of athletes still in the category of less (<80%. Respectively for energy, carbohydrates, proteins, and fats are 75.95%, 77.24%, 78.96% and 75.83%. If seen the proportion of athletes that sufficient levels of nutrients in enough categories, then each for energy, carbohydrates, proteins, and fats are 58.3%, 57.3%, 51%, and 53.1%. Level of physical activity in athletes only low (56.3% and moderate category (43.8%. Most athletes have normal nutritional status (94.8%, there was only 1% having thin status, and 4.2% had nutritional status of overweight. The advice can be given to provide knowledges that related with intake of nutrients for the coaches and athletes, increasing physical activity for athletes who have low physical activity, and can be the nutritional status as a selection soccer athletes. However, further research can be done is to measure the physical endurance athletes associated with the intake of nutrients or physical activity.

  9. THE RELATION BETWEEN THE DIETARY HABITS AND CHOICES, THE NUTRITIONAL STATUS AND THE PHYSICAL ACTIVITY REGIME IN ROMANIAN ADOLESCENTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iconaru Elena Ioana

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Although adolescents are more active from a physical point of view than adults (the physical activitybeing considered a characteristic of this age stage, the reduction of their fitness level (especially in the conditionsof an inadequate diet represents a reduction of the protection against metabolic and cardio-vascular diseases offuture adults. The aim of this study was to determine the correlations between the alimentation type, the nutritionalstatus and the physical activity regime in Romanian adolescents. We realized a transversal correlational study byusing questionnaires for the physical activity regime (Physical Activity Index, PAI and the attitude towardsnutrition (Eating Attitude Test, EAT-26. We also evaluated anthropometrical data: weight, height and body massindex on 200 Romanian adolescents (average age 16.1 years, sex ratio 1/1. We ascertained that gender inducesmodifications at the nutritional status level in the context of a certain type of attitude towards alimentation andphysical activity regime (p≤0.05. The differences induced by gender among Romanian adolescents are basedespecially on the physical activity regime and less on the alimentation type and on the nutritional status. Wedetermined reduced correlations between the nutritional status, the attitude towards alimentation and the physicalactivity regime for both sexes.

  10. Puberty and Physical Self-Perceptions of Competitive Female Figure Skaters II: Maturational Timing, Skating Context, and Ability Status

    Science.gov (United States)

    Monsma, Eva V.

    2008-01-01

    One study of figure skaters found that menarcheal status was a stronger predictor than age in explaining the variance in their self-perceptions. Postmenarcheal skaters had significantly lower self-esteem and physical self-concept and were less satisfied with their appearance than premenarcheal skaters. Surprisingly, skating context (i.e., skating…

  11. The Araucaria Project. Accurate stellar parameters and distance to evolved eclipsing binary ASAS J180057-2333.8 in Sagittarius Arm

    CERN Document Server

    Suchomska, K; Smolec, R; Pietrzyński, G; Gieren, W; Stȩpień, K; Konorski, P; Pilecki, B; Villanova, S; Thompson, I B; Górski, M; Karczmarek, P; Wielgórski, P

    2015-01-01

    We have analyzed the double-lined eclipsing binary system ASAS J180057-2333.8 from the All Sky Automated Survey (ASAS) catalogue . We measure absolute physical and orbital parameters for this system based on archival $V$-band and $I$-band ASAS photometry, as well as on high-resolution spectroscopic data obtained with ESO 3.6m/HARPS and CORALIE spectrographs. The physical and orbital parameters of the system were derived with an accuracy of about 0.5 - 3%. The system is a very rare configuration of two bright well-detached giants of spectral types K1 and K4 and luminosity class II. The radii of the stars are $R_1$ = 52.12 $\\pm$ 1.38 and $R_2$ = 67.63 $\\pm$ 1.40 R$_\\odot$ and their masses are $M_1$ = 4.914 $\\pm$ 0.021 and $M_2$ = 4.875$\\pm$ 0.021 M$_\\odot$ . The exquisite accuracy of 0.5% obtained for the masses of the components is one of the best mass determinations for giants. We derived a precise distance to the system of 2.14 $\\pm$ 0.06 kpc (stat.) $\\pm$ 0.05 (syst.) which places the star in the Sagittariu...

  12. The relationship between vitamin D status, physical activity and insulin resistance in overweight and obese subjects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gülis Kavadar

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM incidence has been increasing worldwide along with the rise of obesity and sedantery lifestyle. Decreased physical activity (PA and obesity have also been associated with the low vitamin D levels. We aimed to determine the association between PA, vitamin D status and insulin resistance in overweight and obese subjects. A total of 294 (186 female, 108 male overweight or obese subjects were included in this cross-sectional study. 25-hydroxy vitamin D (25(OHD, insulin, fasting plasma glucose (FPG and HbA1c levels were measured in blood samples. Body mass index (BMI, HOMA-index and total score of International Physical Activity Questionnaire-long form (IPAQ were calculated. Insulin resistant subjects were compared with the non-resistant group. The mean age of the participants was 45±12.25 and 41.39±10.32; 25(OHD levels were 8.91 ± 4.30 and 17.62 ± 10.47 ng/dL; BMIs were 31.29 ± 4.48  and 28.2 ± 3.16 kg/m², IPAQ total scores were 548.71±382.81 and 998±486.21 in the insulin resistant and nonresistant subjects, respectively. There was a statistically significant difference in terms of 25(OHD, FPG, insulin levels, IPAQ  total score and BMI between the two groups (p = 0.001, p = 0.001, p = 0.001, p = 0.001, p = 0.001.Significantly low 25(OHD levels, high BMI and low PA in insulin resistant subjects confirm the importance of active lifestyle and the maintenance of normal vitamin D levels in overweight and obese subjects in prevention of T2DM.

  13. Lattice matrix elements and CP violation in and physics: Status and outlook

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Amarjit Soni

    2004-02-01

    Status of lattice calculations of hadron matrix elements along with CP violation in $B$ and in $K$ systems is reviewed. Lattice has provided useful input which, in conjunction with experimental data, leads to the conclusion that CP-odd phase in the CKM matrix plays the dominant role in the observed asymmetry in $B→ K_{s}$. It is now quite likely that any beyond the SM, CP-odd, phase will cause only small deviations in $B$-physics. Search for the effects of the new phase(s) will consequently require very large data samples as well as very precise theoretical predictions. Clean determination of all the angles of the unitarity triangle therefore becomes essential. In this regard $B→ KD^{0}$ processes play a unique role. Regarding $K$-decays, remarkable progress made by theory with regard to maintenance of chiral symmetry on the lattice is briefly discussed. First application already provide quantitative information on $B_{K}$ and the $ I=1/2$ rule. In the lattice calculation, the enhancement in Re $A_{0}$ appears to arise solely from tree operators, esp. $Q_{2}$; penguin contribution to Re $A_{0}$ appears to be very small. However, improved calculations are necessary for $'/$ as the contributions of QCD penguins and electroweak penguins largely seem to cancel. There are good reasons, though, to believe that these cancellations will not survive improvements that are now underway. Importance of determining the unitarity triangle purely from $K$-decays is also emphasized.

  14. Physical Training Status Determines Oxidative Stress and Redox Changes in Response to an Acute Aerobic Exercise

    Science.gov (United States)

    Damirchi, Arsalan; Farjaminezhad, Manoochehr

    2016-01-01

    Objective. To assess the influence of different physical training status on exercise-induced oxidative stress and changes in cellular redox state. Methods. Thirty male subjects participated in this study and were assigned as well-trained (WT), moderately trained (MT), and untrained (UT) groups. The levels of cortisol, creatine kinase, plasma reduced glutathione to oxidized glutathione (GSH/GSSG), cysteine/cystine (Cys/CySS), and GSH/GSSG ratio in red blood cells (RBCs) were measured immediately and 10 and 30 min after exercise. Results. Following the exercise, plasma GSH/GSSG (p = 0.001) and Cys/CySS (p = 0.005) were significantly reduced in all groups. Reduction in plasma GSH/GSSG ratio in all groups induced a transient shift in redox balance towards a more oxidizing environment without difference between groups (p = 0.860), while RBCs GSH/GSSG showed significant reduction (p = 0.003) and elevation (p = 0.007) in UT and MT groups, respectively. The highest level of RBCs GSH/GSSG ratio was recorded in MT group, and the lowest one was recorded in the WT group. Conclusion. Long term regular exercise training with moderate intensity shifts redox balance towards more reducing environment, versus intensive exercise training leads to more oxidizing environment and consequently development of related diseases. PMID:27064342

  15. The European Federation of Organisations for Medical Physics. Policy Statement No. 12: The present status of Medical Physics Education and Training in Europe. New perspectives and EFOMP recommendations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eudaldo, T.; Olsen, Kjeld

    2010-01-01

    A recently published EFOMP's survey on the status of Education and Training in Europe, has showed the important role played by the NMOs in the organisation of the Medical Physics education and training in most countries and their efforts to fulfil EFOMP recommendations. However, despite of this, ......, according to the new Directive. (C) 2009 Associazione Itatiana di Fisica Medica. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved...

  16. A report of the working group on the present and future status of medium and high energy physics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This is a report of the working group on the present and future status of medium and high energy physics. The heavy ion nuclear physics has been developed. On the other hand, the study of nuclear structure made clear the rotational motion of high spin state and its competition with the independent particle model. The development of new many body nucleon system is expected. The hadrons in nuclei and the multiple production of elementary particles may be future problems in high energy nucleus-nucleus collision. The topics discussed in this report are the recent study of unstable nuclei by using heavy ions, nuclear reaction with various nuclear density, nuclear physics in high temperature region, hyper nuclear physics, nuclear physics with π, K mesons, nuclear physics of anti-baryon, physics of small number of nucleons, the cascade model in high energy heavy ion reaction, the new phase of nuclear many body systems, high energy nucleus-nucleus collision, physics expected from high energy heavy ion collision, and quark gluon plasma formation in heavy ion collision. The relation between space physics and high energy heavy ion physics is also discussed. (Kato, T.)

  17. The ASAS-SN Bright Supernova Catalog I: 2013-2014

    CERN Document Server

    Holoien, T W -S; Kochanek, C S; Shappee, B J; Prieto, J L; Brimacombe, J; Bersier, D; Bishop, D W; Dong, Subo; Brown, J S; Danilet, A B; Simonian, G V; Basu, U; Beacom, J F; Falco, E; Pojmanski, G; Skowron, D M; Wozniak, P R; Avila, C G; Conseil, E; Contreras, C; Cruz, I; Fernandez, J M; Koff, R A; Guo, Zhen; Herczeg, G J; Hissong, J; Hsiao, E Y; Jose, J; Kiyota, S; Long, Feng; Monard, L A G; Nicholls, B; Nicolas, J; Wiethoff, W S

    2016-01-01

    We present basic statistics for all supernovae discovered by the All-Sky Automated Survey for SuperNovae (ASAS-SN) during its first year-and-a-half of operations, spanning 2013 and 2014. We also present the same information for all other bright ($m_V\\leq17$), spectroscopically confirmed supernovae discovered from 2014 May 1 through the end of 2014, providing a comparison to the ASAS-SN sample starting from the point where ASAS-SN became operational in both hemispheres. In addition, we present collected redshifts and near-UV through IR magnitudes, where available, for all host galaxies of the bright supernovae in both samples. This work represents a comprehensive catalog of bright supernovae and their hosts from multiple professional and amateur sources, allowing for population studies that were not previously possible because the all-sky emphasis of ASAS-SN redresses most previously existing biases. In particular, ASAS-SN systematically finds supernovae closer to the centers of host galaxies than either other...

  18. Commercial porters of eastern Nepal: health status, physical work capacity, and energy expenditure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malville, N J; Byrnes, W C; Lim, H A; Basnyat, R

    2001-01-01

    The purpose of the study was to compare full-time hill porters in eastern Nepal with part-time casual porters engaged primarily in subsistence farming. The 50 porters selected for this study in Kenja (elevation 1,664 m) were young adult males of Tibeto-Nepali origin. Following standardized interviews, anthropometry, and routine physical examinations, the porters were tested in a field laboratory for physiological parameters associated with aerobic performance. Exercise testing, using a step test and indirect calorimetry, included a submaximal assessment of economy and a maximal-effort graded exercise test. Energy expenditure was measured in the field during actual tumpline load carriage. No statistically significant differences were found between full-time and part-time porters with respect to age, anthropometric characteristics, health, nutritional status, or aerobic power. Mean VO2 peak was 2.38 +/- 0.27 L/min (47.1 +/- 5.3 ml/kg/min). Load-carrying economy did not differ significantly between porter groups. The relationship between VO2 and load was linear over the range of 10-30 kg with a slope of 9 +/- 4 ml O2/min per kg of load. During the field test of actual work performance, porters expended, on average, 348 +/- 68 kcal/hr in carrying loads on the level and 408 +/- 60 kcal/hr in carrying loads uphill. Most porters stopped every 2 min, on average, to rest their loads briefly on T-headed resting sticks (tokmas). The technique of self-paced, intermittent exercise together with the modest increase in energy demands for carrying increasingly heavier loads allows these individuals to regulate work intensity and carry extremely heavy loads without creating persistent medical problems. PMID:11466966

  19. Testing gravity beyond the standard model: status of GAP, an electrostatic accelerometer for interplanetary fundamental physics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berge, Joel; Christophe, Bruno; Liorzou, Françoise

    Theories beyond the standard model aim to face several challenges: connect gravitation with the other three known forces, and shed light on dark matter and dark energy. Although General Relativity has been incredibly successful at passing laboratory / Solar System scales tests to date, it is a classical theory (hence, incompatible with quantum physics scales) and it fails at explaining large scale astrophysical observations such as galaxy rotation curves and the accelerated expansion of the Universe without introducing dark matter and dark energy. Thus, most theories beyond the standard model explore modifications to General Relativity. Those modifications, whether they consist in adding an extra scalar field or adding a scale-dependence to the gravitation laws, allow us to predict small deviations from General Relativity at laboratory / Solar System scales. For instance, such a deviation could have explained the Pioneer anomaly, where the Pioneer probes were measured to undergo an unexpected acceleration. Although this anomaly has recently been accounted for by an instrumental thermal radiation, precise measurements of the non-gravitational forces applied to the probes would have helped decide whether the observed behavior was due to gravitational or non-gravitational physics. As a result, several missions have been proposed to embark an accelerometer on-board an interplanetary probe. Indeed, an accelerometer will measure the non-gravitational accelerations applied to the probe, thereby separating the potentially measured departures from a pure geodetic trajectory into their gravitational and non-gravitational components, and allowing us to easily constrain General Relativity in deep space. The Gravity Advanced Package (GAP) is an instrument developed for this purpose. It is composed of a 3-axes electrostatic accelerometer called MicroSTAR and a rotating platform called Bias Rejection System. It aims to provide an unbiased measurement of a spacecraft's non

  20. Anatomy of a catchment: the relation of physical attributes of the Plynlimon catchments to variations in hydrology and water status

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. Brandt

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available The Plynlimon headwater catchments in mid-Wales have been a landmark study of water resources in the UK uplands for over 30 years. The main physical features of the catchments have been digitised as the basis for linking new model developments and process understanding. Examples are given of how the main physical attributes are related to land management, hydrology and water quality. These data are also being used to provide insights into catchment processes that may underpin the development of new research. This work is particularly relevant given the need for the assessment of water status under the Water Framework Directive. The paper presents hypothetical management scenarios for the catchments, to show how ecological status may be improved, for example, by selectively restructuring areas of commercial forest. Keywords: Plynlimon, GIS, catchment study, forestry, hydrology, WFD

  1. Social and Physical Environmental Correlates of Adults’ Weekend Sitting Time and Moderating Effects of Retirement Status and Physical Health

    OpenAIRE

    Veerle Van Holle; McNaughton, Sarah A; Megan Teychenne; Anna Timperio; Delfien Van Dyck; Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij; Jo Salmon

    2014-01-01

    Emerging research suggests that prolonged sedentary behaviour (SB) is detrimental to health. Changes in SB patterns are likely to occur during particular life stages, for example at retirement age (55–65-year-old). Evidence on socio-ecological SB correlates is scarce and inconsistent in this age group. Moreover, the influence of socio-ecological correlates may vary depending on health and retirement status. This study examined social and environment correlates of overall weekend day sittin...

  2. Effects of Pilates-Based Exercise on Life Satisfaction, Physical Self-Concept and Health Status in Adult Women

    OpenAIRE

    A. Cruz-Ferreira; Fernandes, Jorge; Gomes, Dulce; Bernardo, Lisa Marie; Kirkcaldy, Bruce; Barbosa, Tiago; Silva, António

    2011-01-01

    The objective of this study was to determine the effect of Pilates- based mat exercises on life satisfaction, perception of appreciation by other people, perception of physical appearance, perception of functionality, total physical self-concept, and perception of health status in healthy women. A randomized controlled trial was con- ducted in Évora, Portugal, in 2008, in which 62 healthy adult women were randomized to a Pilates-based mat (experimental group) (n D 38, mean age ̇ SD, 41.08 ̇...

  3. Perceptions of the Built Environment in Relation to Physical Activity and Weight Status in British Adolescents from Central England

    OpenAIRE

    Duncan, Michael J.; Samantha Birch; Lorayne Woodfield; Yahya Al-Nakeeb

    2012-01-01

    The built environment may influence physical activity (PA) behaviour in young people. However, there is a dearth of data examining this issue in young people which considers weight status, physical activity, and environmental perceptions in the same analysis. Four hundred and five Year 10 pupils (223 boys, 182 girls, mean age ±   S.D. = 14.8 ± 0.6 years), from central England, completed self-report measures of PA and perceptions of the built environment. Additionally, body mass index (BMI) wa...

  4. Pharmacokinetics and tissue distribution of 14C-5-aminosalicylic acid (14C-5-ASA) in rats

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    5-Aminosalicylic acid (5-ASA) is effective in the treatment of ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease. As part of a preclinical metabolism profile with 5-ASA, we evaluated the tissue level and distribution of 14C-5-ASA in rats. Biodistribution of 14C-radioactivity was determined in the major organs of rats after a single oral dose (34 mg/kg; 15 uci/rat). Data from tissue area under the curve (AUC 0-72) indicated that the highest amounts of radioactivity were retained in cecum (481.1 hr.ug.equ/gm), colon-rectum (178.5 hr.ug.equ/gm), ileum (166.7 hr.ug.equ/gm), jejunum (65.5 hr.ug.equ/gm), followed by kidneys (58.0 hr.ug.equ/gm) and liver (14.8 hr.ug.equ/gm). The radioactivity retained in tissues at 72 hours postdose was wither nondetectable or less than 0.1 ppm. The radioactivity concentration in blood was highest at 0.5 hr (tmax) postdose and the terminal half-life (t1/2) of 14C-radioactivity (5-ASA + metabolite) was 2.7 hours. 14C-5-ASA is absorbed and distributed in the body. The greatest amount of 14C-radioactivity was found in the stomach and GI tract. 14C-5-ASA was eliminated completely (44.9% in the urine, 51.7% in the feces) 72 hours after administration without significant tissue retention

  5. PHYSICAL SELF-PERCEPTIONS AND SELF-ESTEEM IN RELATION TO BODY MASS STATUS AMONG FEMALE ADOLESCENTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Petra Dolenc

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of the study was to examine the physical self-concept and self-esteem in adolescent girls aged between 13 and 18 years in relation to their body mass status. The Slovenian version of the Self-Description Questionnaire (PSDQ was used to determine the multidimensional physical self-concept among participants. The results indicated that overweight girls reported greater body dissatisfaction in terms self-perceived body fat and physical appearance compared to normal-weight girls. Overweight girls also achieved significantly lower scores in the self-perceived physical abilities, as well as global physical-self and self-esteem than normal-weight peers. As expected, underweight girls reported the lowest amount of body fat. Moreover, they reported lower levels of physical activity than normal-weight peers and had less physical strength compared to the other body mass index categories. The findings has significant implications for the work with adolescent girls in terms of developing appropriate educational intervention and physical education programmes aimed towards reinforcing and increasing self-esteem and promoting active lifestyle.

  6. All Source Analysis System (ASAS): Migration from VAX to Alpha AXP computer systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sjoholm-Sierchio, Michael J.; Friedman, Steven Z. (Editor)

    1994-01-01

    The Jet Propulsion Laboratory's (JPL's) experience migrating existing VAX applications to Digital Equipment Corporation's new Alpha AXP processor is covered. The rapid development approach used during the 10-month period required to migrate the All Source Analysis System (ASAS), 1.5 million lines of FORTRAN, C, and Ada code, is also covered. ASAS, an automated tactical intelligence system, was developed by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory for the U. S. Army. Other benefits achieved as a result of the significant performance improvements provided by Alpha AXP platform are also described.

  7. VODENJE EVIDENCE DELOVNEGA ČASA S POMOČJO PAMETNE URE SAMSUNG GEAR S

    OpenAIRE

    Štravs, Rok

    2015-01-01

    Diplomsko delo obsega raziskavo na področju vodenja evidence delovnega časa delavcev ter izdelavo aplikacije. Vodenje delovnega časa temelji na dveh skupinah, in sicer skupini delavcev in delodajalcev. Vsak delavec se lahko prijavi in odjavi z dela ter ima možnost vpogleda v svoje opravljeno delo. Delodajalci imajo omogočen nadzor in pregled nad opravljenim delov vseh svojih delavcev. Pregled dela omogoča spletna aplikacija izdelana v tehnologiji ASP.NET MVC. Prijava in odjava na delo pa se o...

  8. Crystallization and preliminary X-ray diffraction studies of AsaP1-E294A and AsaP1-E294Q, two inactive mutants of the toxic zinc metallopeptidase AsaP1 from Aeromonas salmonicida subsp. achromogenes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Crystallization and preliminary X-ray diffraction studies of AsaP1-E294A and AsaP1-E294Q, two inactive mutants of the toxic zinc metallopeptidase AsaP1 from A. salmonicida subsp. achromogenes, are reported. Two mutants of the toxic extracellular zinc endopeptidase AsaP1 (AsaP1-E294Q and AsaP1-E294A) of Aeromonas salmonicida subsp. achromogenes were expressed in Escherichia coli and crystallized by the vapour-diffusion method. Crystals were obtained using several precipitants and different protein concentrations. Protein crystals were found in a monoclinic (C2) as well as an orthorhombic (P212121) space group. The crystals belonging to the monoclinic space group C2 had unit-cell parameters a = 103.4, b = 70.9, c = 54.9 Å, β = 109.3° for AsaP1-E294A, and a = 98.5, b = 74.5, c = 54.7 Å, β = 112.4° for AsaP1-E294Q. The unit-cell parameters of the orthorhombic crystal obtained for AsaP1-E294A were a = 57.9, b = 60.2, c = 183.6 Å. The crystals of the two different mutants diffracted X-rays beyond 2.0 Å resolution

  9. Impact of Physical Activity on Frailty Status and How to Start a Semiological Approach to Muscular System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maximiliano Smietniansky

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: The world population is aging, and this demographic fact is associated with an increased prevalence of sedentary lifestyles, sarcopenia and frailty; all of them with impact on health status. Biologic reserve determination in the elderly with comorbidity poses a challenge for medical activities. Frailty is an increasingly used concept in the geriatric medicine literature, which refers to an impairment in biologic reserve. There is a close and multidirectional relationship between physical activity, the muscular system function, and a fit status; decline in this dimensions is associated with poor outcomes. The aim of this article is to make a narrative review on the relationship between physical activity, sarcopenia and frailty syndrome. Results: The low level of physical activity, sarcopenia and frailty, are important predictors for development of disability, poor quality of life, falls, hospitalizations and all causes mortality. For clinical practice we propose a semiological approach based on measurement of muscle performance, mass and also level of physical activity, as a feasible way to determine the biologic reserve. This evidence shows us that the evaluation of muscle mass and performance, provides important prognostic information because the deterioration of these variables is associated with poor clinical outcomes in older adults followed up in multiple cohorts. Conclusions: Low activity is a mechanism and at the same time part of the frailty syndrome. The determination of biologic reserve is important because it allows the prognostic stratification of the patient and constitutes an opportunity for intervention. The clinician should be aware of the clinical tools that evaluate muscular system and level of physical activity, because they place us closer to the knowledge of health status.

  10. Correlation between nutritional status and comprehensive physical performance measures among older adults with undernourishment in residential institutions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Singh DKA

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Devinder KA Singh,1 Zahara A Manaf,2 Noor Aini M Yusoff,3 Nur A Muhammad,2 Mei Fang Phan,1 Suzana Shahar2 1Physiotherapy Program, School of Rehabilitation Sciences, 2Nutrition and Dietetics Program, School of Health Care Sciences, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, 3ASIA Metropolitan University, Cheras, Malaysia Purpose: The consequences of combined undernourishment and decreased physical ­performance in older adults are debilitating and increases cost of care. To date, the information regarding the association between nutritional status and physical performance does not provide a complete picture. Most studies used limited or self-reported measures to evaluate physical performance. The objective of this study was to examine the correlation between nutritional status and comprehensive physical performance measures among undernourished older adults who reside in residential institutions.Methods: Forty-seven older adults (26 males, 21 females aged ≥60 (69.23±8.63 years who were identified as undernourished from two residential institutions participated in this study. A battery of physical performance tests (10 m gait speed test, dominant hand grip strength test, timed five-repetition sit-to-stand test, ten step test, arm curl test, scratch test, and respiratory muscle strength test, biochemical profiles (serum albumin, hemoglobin, serum ferritin, and prealbumin levels, and falls risk using the short-form Physiological Profile Approach were performed. The Functional Ability Questionnaire and Geriatric Depression Scale were also administered.Results: The results demonstrated that generally older adults with undernourishment scored poorly on the physical performance tests, had depression, and a high risk of falls. Biochemical results demonstrated that 10.9% of the participants were anemic, 63% had hypoalbuminemia (<3.5 g/dL, and 21.7% were at risk of protein energy malnutrition with prealbumin level (100–170 mg/L. A significant

  11. Effects of Improving Physical Activity Level on Quality of Life and Functional Status of Patients Receiving Peritoneal Dialysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Deran OSKA

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine whether patients receiving peritoneal dialysis (PD experience an improvement in physical activity, quality of life and functional status as a result of exercise training at home by motivation about benefi ts of exercising. MATERIAL and METHODS: Twenty-one PD patients of 46.7±14.1 years participated in the study. Participants were encouraged by a physiotherapist to walk for 30 minutes, 3 days a week and motivated by explaining benefi ts of exercising. We assessed quality of life by Kidney Disease Quality of Life Questionnaire-Turkish Version (KDQOL-SF, functional status by Six Minute Walk Test (SMW, physical activity level by International Physical Activity Questionnaire – Long Form (IPAQ-LF. The antropometric measurements were performed with the bioelectrical impedance. Assessments were done at the beginning and 3 months later. RESULTS: Total physical activity score of IPAQ-LF increased signifi cantly 3 months later (p0.05. Improvements in pain and emotional score of KDQOL-SF were statistically signifi cant (p<0.05. CONCLUSION: Regular exercise should be allocated in the PD standard care. Participation of the patient into such a program could be possible by explaining the benefi ts of exercising at the beginning of the treatment.

  12. The Density Matrix Renormalization Group in Nuclear Physics: A Status Report

    OpenAIRE

    Pittel, S.; Dukelsky, J.; Dimitrova, S.; Stoitsov, M.

    2003-01-01

    Comment: 6 pages, 8 figures, $^*$ Talk presented at the XXVI$^{th}$ Symposium on Nuclear Physics, 6 pages, 8 figures, Talk presented at the XXVIth Symposium on Nuclear Physics,6-9 January 2003, Taxco, Mexico

  13. The status and prospects of development of physical education in higher educational institutions of Ukraine.

    OpenAIRE

    Krylychenko O.V.

    2011-01-01

    Several specific components of the current Ukrainian system of physical education in high school. The analysis of legislation and issues related to teaching the subject «Physical Education». Found that improvement of physical education in higher education requires: bringing the discipline into line with its current tasks, development of internal and external monitoring of its efficacy, principal compliance of the staff of the departments of physical education. This is only possible to stimula...

  14. Strategies for Increasing the Status and Value of Adapted Physical Education in Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lieberman, Lauren J.; Houston-Wilson, Cathy

    2011-01-01

    Physical education teachers and the profession are very often marginalized and minimized by administrators, parents, and students. Adapted physical education is no exception. There are several reasons for the lack of value given to teaching students with special needs in physical education, including issues with placement, stigmatization of…

  15. Making a Theist out of Darwin: Asa Gray's Post-Darwinian Natural Theology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hunter, T. Russell

    2012-01-01

    In March of 1860 the eminent Harvard Botanist and orthodox Christian Asa Gray began promoting the Origin of Species in hopes of securing a fair examination of Darwin's evolutionary theory among theistic naturalists. To this end, Gray sought to demonstrate that Darwin had not written atheistically and that his theory of evolution by natural…

  16. The Scholarship of Dr. Asa G. Hilliard, III: Implications for Black Principal Leadership

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tillman, Linda C.

    2008-01-01

    For over 40 years the scholarship of Dr. Asa G. Hilliard has impacted the fields of educational psychology, testing and measurement, teacher education, and African and African American history. Dr. Hilliard was also concerned about school leadership, and much of his work is closely aligned with current discussions about school reform and…

  17. Lung cancer risk perception and distress: difference by smoking status, and role of physical activity and race among US population

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sunil Mathur

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Background: cigarette smoking is the greatest known risk factor for lung cancer, and people with different smoking status may process risk information differently. While psychological distress has been linked with smoking status, little is known about the impact of distress on lung cancer perception or the moderating role of physical activity and race. This study explores the association of lung cancer perception and distress and investigates the effects of physical activity and race on that association.Methods: the study uses a national, biennial survey (the Health Information National Trends Survey that was designed to collect nationally representative data on the American public’s need for, access to, and use of cancer-related information using a cross-sectional, complex sample survey design. Out of 5 586 participants, 1 015 were current smokers, 1 599 were former smokers, 2 877 were never smokers. Of the sample, 1 765 participants answered the lung cancer risk perception question and had no personal history of lung cancer. Statistical analysis contrasts smokers, former smokers, and never smokers to examine the association of lung cancer perception and distress and the moderating role of physical activity and race.Results: distress and lung cancer risk perception were significantly positively associated (p value < 0.001. Respondents who were current smokers and were distressed had very high odds of agreeing that they have a somewhat high chance (odds ratio=900.8, CI: 94.23, 8 611.75; p value < 0.001 or a very high chance (odds ratio=500.44 CI: 56.53, 4 430.02, p value < 0.001 of developing lung cancer in the future as compared to not distressed never smokers. However, race and physical activity status did not significantly affect perception of risk. Perceptions of risk are important precursors of health change.Conclusions: elevated distress level and higher perceived risk, in addition to physical activity status and race, could potentially

  18. Modest phenotypic improvements in ASA-deficient mice with only one UDP-galactose:ceramide-galactosyltransferase gene

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    De Deyn PP

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available Summary Background Arylsulfatase A (ASA-deficient mice are a model for the lysosomal storage disorder metachromatic leukodystrophy. This lipidosis is characterised by the lysosomal accumulation of the sphingolipid sulfatide. Storage of this lipid is associated with progressive demyelination. We have mated ASA-deficient mice with mice heterozygous for a non-functional allele of UDP-galactose:ceramide-galactosyltransferase (CGT. This deficiency is known to lead to a decreased synthesis of galactosylceramide and sulfatide, which should reduce sulfatide storage and improve pathology in ASA-deficient mice. Results ASA-/- CGT+/- mice, however, showed no detectable decrease in sulfatide storage. Neuronal degeneration of cells in the spiral ganglion of the inner ear, however, was decreased. Behavioural tests showed small but clear improvements of the phenotype in ASA-/- CGT+/- mice. Conclusion Thus the reduction of galactosylceramide and sulfatide biosynthesis by genetic means overall causes modest improvements of pathology.

  19. Quorum sensing in Aeromonas salmonicida subsp. achromogenes and the effect of the autoinducer synthase AsaI on bacterial virulence

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schwenteit, Johanna; Gram, Lone; Nielsen, Kristian Fog;

    2011-01-01

    Ideficient mutant was 20-fold higher than that of the isogenic wt strain and the mean day to death of the mutant was significantly prolonged. Furthermore, the expression of two virulence factors (a toxic protease, AsaP1, and a cytotoxic factor) and a brown pigment were reduced in the mutant. AsaP1 productionwas...... an important virulence factor, AsaP1, without affecting bacterial growth, makes A. salmonicida subsp. achromogenes an interesting target organism to study the effects of QS in disease development and QSI in disease control.......The Gram-negative fish pathogenic bacterium Aeromonas salmonicida possesses the LuxIRtype quorum sensing (QS) system, termed AsaIR. In this study the role of QS in A. salmonicida subsp. achromogenes virulence and pigment production was investigated. Five wild-type Asa strains induced the N...

  20. Weight Status and Differences in Mobility Performance, Pain Symptoms, and Physical Activity in Older, Knee Osteoarthritis Patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matthew J. Garver

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Knee osteoarthritis (OA is a leading cause of functional disability among American adults. Obesity is a strong independent risk factor for OA. While research emphasizes the role of obesity in the OA-physical function relationship, the extent to which weight status impacts salient physical, health, and pain measures in older, knee OA patients is not well delineated. The primary aim of this study was to assess differences in mobility performance (stair climb and 400-meter walk, mobility-related self-efficacy, pain symptoms (WOMAC, and measures of accelerometer-determined physical activity (PA as a function of weight status. Analysis of covariance was conducted to examine differences on the dependent variables. Obese class III patients were outperformed by their counterparts on nearly every measure of mobility, mobility-related self-efficacy, and the assessment of pain symptoms. These outcomes did not differ among other weight comparisons. Normal weight subjects outperformed classes I, II, and III counterparts on most measures of PA (engagement in moderate or greater PA and total weekly steps. Additionally, overweight participants outperformed obese class II participants and obese class I participants outperformed obese classes II and III participants on total weekly steps. Collectively, these findings underscore the meaningful differences observed in relevant OA outcomes as a function of increasing levels of body weight.

  1. ACTN3 genotype, athletic status, and life course physical capability: meta-analysis of the published literature and findings from nine studies

    OpenAIRE

    Alfred, Tamuno; Ben-Shlomo, Yoav; Cooper, Rachel; Hardy, Rebecca; Cooper, Cyrus; Deary, Ian J.; Gunnell, David; Harris, Sarah E.; Kumari, Meena; Martin, Richard M.; Moran, Colin N.; Pitsiladis, Yannis P; Ring, Susan M; Sayer, Avan Aihie; Smith, George Davey

    2011-01-01

    The ACTN3 R577X (rs1815739) genotype has been associated with athletic status and muscle phenotypes, although not consistently. Our objective was to conduct a meta-analysis of the published literature on athletic status and investigate its associations with physical capability in several new population-based studies. Relevant data were extracted from studies in the literature, comparing genotype frequencies between controls and sprint/power and endurance athletes. For life course physical cap...

  2. ACTN3 Genotype, Athletic Status, and Life Course Physical Capability: Meta-Analysis of the Published Literature and Findings from Nine Studies

    OpenAIRE

    Alfred, Tamuno; Ben-Shlomo, Yoav; Cooper, Rachel; Hardy, Rebecca; Cooper, Cyrus; Deary, Ian J.; Gunnell, David; Harris, Sarah E.; Kumari, Meena; Martin, Richard M.; Moran, Colin N.; Pitsiladis, Yannis P; Ring, Susan M; Sayer, Avan Aihie; Smith, George Davey

    2011-01-01

    The ACTN3 R577X (rs1815739) genotype has been associated with athletic status and muscle phenotypes, although not consistently. Our objective was to conduct a meta-analysis of the published literature on athletic status and investigate its associations with physical capability in several new population-based studies. Relevant data were extracted from studies in the literature, comparing genotype frequencies between controls and sprint/power and endurance athletes. For life course physical cap...

  3. Vitamin D status is associated with cardiometabolic markers in 8-11 year-old children, independently of body fat and physical activity

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, Rikke Agnete

    2015-01-01

    Vitamin D status has been associated with cardiometabolic markers even in children, but the associations may be confounded by fat mass and physical behaviour. This study investigated associations between vitamin D status and cardiometabolic risk profile as well as the impact of fat mass and...... physical activity in Danish 8-11 year-old children, using baseline data from 782 children participating in the OPUS School Meal Study....

  4. Physical growth and nutritional status of Tsimane' Amerindian children of lowland Bolivia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foster, Z; Byron, E; Reyes-García, V; Huanca, T; Vadez, V; Apaza, L; Pérez, E; Tanner, S; Gutierrez, Y; Sandstrom, B; Yakhedts, A; Osborn, C; Godoy, R A; Leonard, W R

    2005-03-01

    This study examines patterns of growth and nutritional status of indigenous Tsimane' children under 9 years of age (n = 199 boys and 210 girls), based on a cross-sectional sample from 58 villages from the Beni Deparment of lowland Bolivia. Compared with US children, Tsimane' children are quite short, with linear growth tracking at or below the US 5th centile in both sexes. The prevalence of low height-for-age ("stunting;" HA Z-scores weight-for-height in Tsimane' children approximates the US median, with the prevalence of low weight-for-height ("wasting"; WH Z-scores children is similar to that of their US age peers, and this suggests that they are not experiencing acute protein malnutrition. Variation in measures of nutritional status of Tsimane' children is modestly correlated with village-level differences. Degree of isolation, as measured by distance to urban centers or to primary forest, was not a strong predictor of children's anthropometric status. Rather, in both boys and girls, nutritional status was most strongly associated with number of teachers in the village, a measure of access to education. Comparative analyses indicate that high levels of statural growth stunting are common among indigenous populations throughout lowland South America. This problem appears to be largely attributable to poor dietary quality (diets low in key micronutrients) and high disease loads. Further research is needed to identify the specific causes and potential interventions for the high rates of childhood growth stunting in this region. PMID:15386291

  5. RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN SELF CONFIDENCE, SOCIO-ECONOMIC STATUS AND PHYSICAL FITNESS COMPONENTS

    OpenAIRE

    Rajkumar Karve

    2015-01-01

    When the individual was exposed to the different environment, atmosphere and sociocultural conditions he would tend to develop different types of personality traits, the socio-economic status and self confidence are important factors, which would help him to excel in his sport performance.

  6. Socioeconomic and Demographic Factors for Spousal Resemblance in Obesity Status and Habitual Physical Activity in the United States

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hsin-Jen Chen

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Studies suggested that the married population has an increased risk of obesity and assimilation between spouses’ body weight. We examined what factors may affect married spouses’ resemblance in weight status and habitual physical activity (HPA and the association of obesity/HPA with spouses’ sociodemoeconomic characteristics and lifestyles. Medical Expenditure Panel Survey data of 11,403 adult married couples in the US during years 2006–2008 were used. Absolute-scale difference and relative-scale resemblance indices (correlation and kappa coefficients in body mass index (BMI and HPA were estimated by couples’ socioeconomic and demographic characteristics. We found that spousal difference in BMI was smaller for couples with a lower household income, for who were both unemployed, and for older spouses. Correlation coefficient between spouses’ BMI was 0.24, differing by race/ethnicity and family size. Kappa coefficient for weight status (obesity: BMI ≥ 30, overweight: 30 > BMI ≥ 25 was 0.11 and 0.35 for HPA. Never-working women’s husbands had lower odds of obesity than employed women’s husbands (OR = 0.69 (95% CI = 0.53–0.89. Men’s unemployment status was associated with wives’ greater odds of obesity (OR = 1.31 (95% CI = 1.01–1.71. HPA was associated with men’s employment status and income level, but not with women’s. The population representative survey showed that spousal resemblance in weight status and HPA varied with socioeconomic and demographic factors.

  7. Introduction to the status of reactor physics education in Tsinghua University

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper introduces the general situation of reactor physics education in Tsinghua University, including its history, the course series of the undergraduates and graduates and the reactor physics experiment education. This paper also simply introduces the students studying in nuclear engineering field and other nuclear engineering related courses. (author)

  8. Status and perspectives of atomic physics research at GSI : The new GSI accelerator project

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Stolker, T; Backe, H; Beyer, HF; Brauning-Demian, A; Hagmann, S; Ionescu, DC; Jungmann, K; Kluge, HJ; Kozhuharov, C; Kuhl, T; Liesen, D; Mann, R; Mokler, PH; Quint, W; Bosch, F.M.

    2003-01-01

    A short overview on the results of atomic physics research at the storage ring ESR is given followed by a presentation of the envisioned atomic physics program at the planned new GSI facility. The proposed new GSI facility will provide highest intensities of relativistic beams of both stable and uns

  9. Association between vitamin D status and physical function in the severely obese.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Ahern, T

    2014-07-01

    Mortality is 85% higher in severely obese subjects (body mass index [BMI] > 40 kg\\/m(2)) than in subjects with a healthy BMI; poor physical function may be contributory. Hypovitaminosis D is common in obese subjects and is associated with physical dysfunction in the elderly.

  10. A review on real time physical measurement techniques and their attempt to predict wear-out status of IGBT

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ghimire, Pramod; Beczkowski, Szymon; Munk-Nielsen, Stig;

    2013-01-01

    Insulated Gate Bipolar Transistors (IGBTs) are key component in power converters. Reliability of power converters depend on wear-out process of power modules. A physical parameter such as the on-state collector-emitter voltage (Vce) shows the status of degradation of the IGBT after a certain cycles...... spite of difficulties in the measurement, the offline and online Vce measurement topologies are implemented to study the reliability of the power converters. This paper presents a review in wear-out prediction methods of IGBT power modules and freewheeling diodes based on the real time Vce measurement...

  11. The status of physical training judoists of 14–16 years on indicators coordinating abilities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chumak Yuliia

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: to determine the impact of the special physical training aimed at developing coordination skills. Material and Methods: in 57 explored participated judo 14-16 years old male, who trained at the stage of the specially-basic training. Methods: Analysis of scientific and technical literature, testing physical properties, methods of mathematical statistics. Results: actual problems of physical training judo. the level of physical fitness for the performance of coordination abilities. Analyzed the typical training program for judo and determined its effectiveness. Conclusions: found that physical training judo 14–16 years on indicators of quality of coordination within the average. Therefore, to achieve good results in the need to improve the modern sport judo training program. Formed guidelines for building a training process designed to develop coordination skills.

  12. The influence of the combined treatment with Vadimezan (ASA404 and taxol on the growth of U251 glioblastoma xenografts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Milanović Dušan

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background One of the most important biological characteristics of Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM is high vascular density. Vadimezan (ASA404, DMXAA belongs to the class of small molecule vascular disrupting agents (VDA that cause disruption of established tumor vessels and subsequent tumor hemorrhagic necrosis. Its selective antivascular effect is mediated by intratumoral induction of several cytokines including tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α, granulocyte-colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF, interleukin 6 (IL-6 and macrophage inflammatory protein 1α (MIP-1α. Preclinical studies have demonstrated that ASA404 acts synergistically with taxanes. In this study, we investigated if treatment of mice bearing U251 human glioblastoma xenografts with ASA404 and taxol may be synergistic. Therapy response was evaluated by measuring changes in tumor size and metabolic activity using 18F-FDG PET (Fluorodeoxyglucose - positron emision tomography imaging. Methods U251 cells were inoculated s.c. in the right hind limb of NMRI-Foxn1nu athymic female nude mice. Animals were randomly assigned into 4 groups (7–9 animals/group for treatment: control, taxol, ASA404, and ASA404 plus taxol. The animals received either a single dose of taxol (10 mg/kg, ASA404 (27.5 mg/kg, or taxol (10 mg/kg plus ASA404 (27.5 mg/kg administered i.p.; ASA404 was administred 24 h after the treatment with taxol. 4 and 24 h after treatment with ASA404 (28 and 48 h hours after treatment with taxol 18 F-FDG PET scans were performed. Results The treatment with taxol did not affect the tumor growth in comparison to untreated controls. The treatment of animals with single dose ASA404 alone or in combination with taxol caused a significant delay in tumor growth. The combined treatment did not decrease the growth of the xenografts significantly more than ASA404 alone, but early changes in tumor 18 F-FDG uptake preceded subsequent growth inhibition. The tumor weights

  13. The influence of the combined treatment with Vadimezan (ASA404) and taxol on the growth of U251 glioblastoma xenografts

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    One of the most important biological characteristics of Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is high vascular density. Vadimezan (ASA404, DMXAA) belongs to the class of small molecule vascular disrupting agents (VDA) that cause disruption of established tumor vessels and subsequent tumor hemorrhagic necrosis. Its selective antivascular effect is mediated by intratumoral induction of several cytokines including tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), granulocyte-colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF), interleukin 6 (IL-6) and macrophage inflammatory protein 1α (MIP-1α). Preclinical studies have demonstrated that ASA404 acts synergistically with taxanes. In this study, we investigated if treatment of mice bearing U251 human glioblastoma xenografts with ASA404 and taxol may be synergistic. Therapy response was evaluated by measuring changes in tumor size and metabolic activity using 18F-FDG PET (Fluorodeoxyglucose - positron emision tomography) imaging. U251 cells were inoculated s.c. in the right hind limb of NMRI-Foxn1nu athymic female nude mice. Animals were randomly assigned into 4 groups (7–9 animals/group) for treatment: control, taxol, ASA404, and ASA404 plus taxol. The animals received either a single dose of taxol (10 mg/kg), ASA404 (27.5 mg/kg), or taxol (10 mg/kg) plus ASA404 (27.5 mg/kg) administered i.p.; ASA404 was administred 24 h after the treatment with taxol. 4 and 24 h after treatment with ASA404 (28 and 48 h hours after treatment with taxol) 18 F-FDG PET scans were performed. The treatment with taxol did not affect the tumor growth in comparison to untreated controls. The treatment of animals with single dose ASA404 alone or in combination with taxol caused a significant delay in tumor growth. The combined treatment did not decrease the growth of the xenografts significantly more than ASA404 alone, but early changes in tumor 18 F-FDG uptake preceded subsequent growth inhibition. The tumor weights, which were determined at the end of treatment, were lower in

  14. Physical Education Lessons and Activity Status of Visually Impaired and Sighted Adolescents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Demirturk, Funda; Kaya, Mustafa

    2015-01-01

    BACKGROUND This study investigated participation in physical education and sports lessons of visually impaired adolescents and their sighted peers and compared their physical activity levels. MATERIAL AND METHODS A total of 22 visually impaired children of mean age 13.59±1.14 years and 31 sighted children aged 13.61±0.50 years participated in the study. A questionnaire prepared for this study was used to investigate participation of visually impaired adolescents and their sighted peers in physical education and sports lessons at school and the problems they encounter while doing sports. The Turkish version of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire - short-form (IPAQ-SF) was used to evaluate the physical activity level of the subjects. RESULTS The results of our study suggest that physical activity levels of visually impaired children and their sighted children were similar (p>0.05). Totally blind children had lower IPAQ scores than those with low vision (pvisually impaired children, need to be more motivated and more encouraged to take part in various sports or physical activities. PMID:26568173

  15. High energy particle physics: Contract status report covering period 7/1/86-1/30/87

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The work reported includes the experimental study of charmonium production in hadronic interactions and direct photon production in hadronic interactions. The status of the direct photon experiment is reported with regards to the experimental apparatus, including drift chambers and beam chambers, a high P/sub t/ photon cluster finder and precision ADC system, triggering circuits, data acquisition system. Also discussed are offline reconstruction of events and online software

  16. Atomic physics with highly-charged ions at the future FAIR facility. A status report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stoehlker, T. [Gesellschaft fuer Schwerionenforschung, Darmstadt (Germany)]|[Frankfurt Univ. (Germany). Inst. fuer Kernphysik; Beyer, H.F.; Braeuning, H. [Gesellschaft fuer Schwerionenforschung, Darmstadt (DE)] (and others)

    2006-11-15

    The key features of the future international accelerator Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research (FAIR) offer a range of new and challenging opportunities for atomic physics research in the realm of highly-charged heavy ions and exotic nuclei. Centred on use of FAIR, the Stored Particle Atomic Physics Research Collaboration (SPARC), organized in working groups, has been formed. A short report on the tasks and activities of the various SPARC working groups, devoted to the realization of experimental equipments and setups required to reach the physics goals is given. (orig.)

  17. Atomic physics with highly-charged ions at the future FAIR facility: A status report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stoehlker, Th. [Gesellschaft fuer Schwerionenforschung (GSI), Darmstadt (Germany) and Institut fuer Kernphysik, University of Frankfurt (Germany)]. E-mail: t.stoehlker@gsi.de; Beyer, H.F. [Gesellschaft fuer Schwerionenforschung (GSI), Darmstadt (Germany); Braeuning, H. [Gesellschaft fuer Schwerionenforschung (GSI), Darmstadt (Germany); Braeuning-Demian, A. [Gesellschaft fuer Schwerionenforschung (GSI), Darmstadt (Germany); Brandau, C. [Gesellschaft fuer Schwerionenforschung (GSI), Darmstadt (Germany); Hagmann, S. [Institut fuer Kernphysik, University of Frankfurt (Germany); Kozhuharov, C. [Gesellschaft fuer Schwerionenforschung (GSI), Darmstadt (Germany); Kluge, H.J. [Gesellschaft fuer Schwerionenforschung (GSI), Darmstadt (Germany); Kuehl, Th. [Gesellschaft fuer Schwerionenforschung (GSI), Darmstadt (Germany); Liesen, D. [Gesellschaft fuer Schwerionenforschung (GSI), Darmstadt (Germany); Mann, R. [Gesellschaft fuer Schwerionenforschung (GSI), Darmstadt (Germany); Noertershaeuser, W. [Gesellschaft fuer Schwerionenforschung (GSI), Darmstadt (Germany); Quint, W. [Gesellschaft fuer Schwerionenforschung (GSI), Darmstadt (Germany); Schramm, U. [LMU, Munich (Germany); Schuch, R. [Stockholm University, Stockholm (Sweden)

    2007-08-15

    Key features of the future international accelerator Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research (FAIR) offer a range of new and challenging opportunities for atomic physics research in the realm of highly-charged heavy ions and exotic nuclei. Centred on use of FAIR, the Stored Particle Atomic Physics Research Collaboration (SPARC), organized in working groups, has been formed. A short report on the tasks and activities of the various SPARC working groups, devoted to the realization of experimental equipments and set-ups required to reach the physics goals is given.

  18. The Role Oxidative Stress in the Pathogenesis of Eye Diseases: Current Status and a Dual Role of Physical Activity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kruk, Joanna; Kubasik-Kladna, Katarzyna; Aboul-Enein, Hassan Y

    2015-01-01

    Extensive research during the past three decades has demonstrated the mechanisms by which an imbalance in the redox status of prooxidant/antioxidant reactions in cells with advantage of prooxidant reactions (oxidative stress, OS) can cause peroxidation of nucleic acids, bases, lipids, proteins and carbohydrates, thus resulting in their damage. These actions result in stimulation of signal transduction pathways and activation of transcription factors that can lead to chronic inflammation and cause tissue dysfunction. The most important oxidants are reactive oxygen species (ROS) and reactive nitrogen species (RNS) generated by various metabolic pathways, physical, chemical and biological factors, and pathological conditions. The eye is one of the major target of the ROS/RNS attack due to exposition on several environmental factors like high pressure of oxygen, light exposure, ultraviolet rays, ionizing radiation, chemical pollutants, irritant, and pathogenic microbes, which are able to shift the redox status of a cell towards oxidizing conditions. There is increasing evidence indicating that persistent OS contributes to the development of many ocular diseases. Increases in the accumulation of hydrogen peroxide and markers of the oxidative damage to DNA, lipids, proteins observed in several eye diseases and usage of antioxidants in their treatment and prevention emphasize the involvement of OS pathways. This paper summarizes the present state of knowledge in the involvement of OS in the etiology of non-cancer ocular diseases (dry eye syndrome; corneal and conjunctive diseases; cataract; glaucoma; age-related macular degeneration; retinitis pigmentosa; diabetic retinopathy, autoimmune and inflammatory uveitis) and cancer ocular diseases (melanoma; retinoblastoma; lymphoma). The paper also discusses the potential applications of antioxidants in the prevention of eye diseases and shows a duality of physical exercise actions: protection against the ROS/RNS damage by

  19. Status of searches for Higgs and physics beyond the standard model at CDF

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tsybychev, D.; /Florida U.

    2004-12-01

    This article presents selected experimental results on searches for Higgs and physics beyond the standard model (BSM) at the Collider Detector at Fermilab (CDF). The results are based on about 350 pb{sup -1} of proton-antiproton collisions data at {radical}s = 1.96 TeV, collected during Run II of the Tevatron. No evidence of signal was found and limits on the production cross section of various physics processes BSM are derived.

  20. A Pilot Physical Activity Initiative to Improve Mental Health Status amongst Iranian Institutionalized Older People

    OpenAIRE

    Hossein Matlabi; Abdolreza Shaghaghi; Shahriar Amiri

    2014-01-01

    Background: Sufficient level of physical activity may promote overall and mental health of old people. This study was carried out to investigate the practicability of a physical activity promotion initiative amongst institutionalized older people in Tabriz, Iran. Methods: Purposive sampling method was used in this semi-experimental study to recruit 31 older people living in a selected residential care in Tabriz. Moderate-intensity aerobic and muscle-strengthening activity was planned for t...

  1. Dynamic Social Networks and Physical Aggression: The Moderating Role of Gender and Social Status Among Peers

    OpenAIRE

    Rulison, Kelly L; Gest, Scott D.; Loken, Eric

    2013-01-01

    We examined three interrelated questions: (1) Who selects physically aggressive friends?; (2) Are physically aggressive adolescents influential?; and (3) Who is susceptible to influence from these friends? Using stochastic actor-based modeling, we tested our hypotheses using a sample of 480 adolescents (ages 11–13) who were followed across four assessments (fall and spring of 6th and 7th grade). After controlling for other factors that drive network and behavioral dynamics, we found that phys...

  2. Physical activity, weight status and diet in adolescents: are children meeting the guidelines

    OpenAIRE

    Walters, Stephen J; Spencer E. Boyle; Jones, Georgina L

    2010-01-01

    Childhood obesity is on the increase and maintaining regular physical activity and consuming a healthy diet have become essential tools to combat the condition. The United Kingdom government has recommended guidelines for optimal levels of diet and activity in children. The aim of this paper is to describe and compare self-reported physical activity levels, diet, and Body Mass Indices (BMI) amongst adolescent children, aged 11-15, in the South West (SW) and North West (NW) regions of England ...

  3. Atomic physics with highly-charged ions at the future FAIR facility. A status report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The key features of the future international accelerator Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research (FAIR) offer a range of new and challenging opportunities for atomic physics research in the realm of highly-charged heavy ions and exotic nuclei. Centred on use of FAIR, the Stored Particle Atomic Physics Research Collaboration (SPARC), organized in working groups, has been formed. A short report on the tasks and activities of the various SPARC working groups,

  4. Good Mental Health Status of Medical Students: Is There A Role for Physical Activity?

    OpenAIRE

    Deepthi R; Ashakiran S; Thota Venkat Akhilesh; Mohan Reddy

    2015-01-01

    Background: Mental health problems are more commonly seen in youth, more so in medical students. Physical activity though known to improve mental health is difficult to follow among medical students. Aims & Objectives: This study aimed to investigate self-reported levels of anxiety and depression and compare these with self-reported physical activity among medical students in an institution of India. Material & Methods: A Cross sectional study was done among 430 med...

  5. Physical activity, weight status and diet in adolescents: are children meeting the guidelines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stephen J. Walters

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Childhood obesity is on the increase and maintaining regular physical activity and consuming a healthy diet have become essential tools to combat the condition. The United Kingdom government has recommended guidelines for optimal levels of diet and activity in children. The aim of this paper is to describe and compare self-reported physical activity levels, diet, and Body Mass Indices (BMI amongst adolescent children, aged 11-15, in the South West (SW and North West (NW regions of England and to see if these children were meeting the current targets for optimal levels of: physical activity; fruit/vegetable consumption; fat consumption and BMI. We report the results of a cross-sectional survey of four secondary schools and 1,869 children using the self-reported Western Australian Child and Adolescent Physical Activity and Nutrition Survey (CAPANS physical activity instrument and a food intake screener questionnaire, in summer and winter. We found that 25% (469/1869 95% CI: 23% to 27%, of children engaged in 60 minutes of moderate to vigorous physical activity per day; 53% (995/1866 95% CI: 51% to 56%, took 5 portions of fruit and vegetables per day; while 22% (407/1861 95% CI: 20% to 24% consumed recommended amount of fats, and 23.7% (276/1164 95% CI: 21% to 26%, of pupils were obese or overweight as classified by their BMI. Self reported physical activity in young people regardless of area is lower than previously reported and the lack of students engaging in 60 minutes moderate to vigorous activity could have serious public health consequences. If sustained, this could lead to more overweight adults, and more ill health.

  6. Nutritional status, physical performance and functional capacity in an elderly population in southern Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Lúcia Danielewicz

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Objective: to investigate the association between nutritional status and functional limitation and disability in an elderly population in southern Brazil. Methods: epidemiological, cross-sectional household-based study carried out with 477 elderly of both sexes (60 to 100 years. Body mass index (BMI served to assess the nutritional status: underweight (BMI 27 kg/m2. The sum score (0-5 obtained in three tests: "chair stand" and "pick up a pen" (measured by time and standing balance (four static measurements assessed the functional limitation. The disability was evaluated by the difficulty in performing one or more self-reported tasks related to basic activities of daily living (ADLs and instrumental activities of daily living (IADLs. Crude and adjusted analyzes (3 models were carried out using Poisson regression; prevalence ratios (PR and 95% confidence intervals (CI were calculated. Results: crude analyzes showed a positive association between underweight and functional limitation (PR = 2.71, 95% CI = 1.63 to 4.51; overweight and disability in ADLs (PR = 2.20, CI 95% = 1.44 to 3.35; overweight and disability in IADLs (PR = 1.56, CI 95% = 1.20 to 2.03. The additional adjustments for gender, age, level of education, living arrangements, current work, cognitive function and number of morbidities reduced the strength of the associations, without changing the statistical strength. Conclusion: nutritional status is a factor that is independently and positively associated with functional limitation and disability. We recommend the use of this indicator to monitor the health of the elderly.

  7. Dose-Related Effects of Acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) on Gamma Radiation-Induced Teratogenicity in Pregnant Albino Rats

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Reviews of acetylsalicylic acid (ASA), a widely used nonsteroidal anti- inflammatory drug, has consistently suggested a possible association between prenatal ASA ingestion and adverse effects in the pregnant mothers and their developing fetuses. The objective of the current study was to comprehensively define the effect of relatively low and high doses of ASA (25 mg/kg body wt. and 200 mg/kg body wt. respectively) on gestating rats and their possible impact on the irradiated ones. Therefore 36 pregnant rats were randomly divided into 6 equal groups. Three rat groups were daily orally gavaged from the 7th to the 18th gestational days with: distilled water (Group 1), 25 mg/kg body wt. ASA (Group 2) and 200 mg/kg body wt. ASA (Group 3). The other three groups similarly received the same previous treatments besides 2 Gy whole body gamma irradiation of each, to serve as: Group 4 (distilled water + irradiation), Group 5 (25 mg/kg body wt. ASA + irradiation) and Group 6 (200 mg/kg body wt. ASA + irradiation). All rat groups were sacrificed on the 20th day of pregnancy and the uterine contents were examined. The lower ASA dose (25 mg/kg body wt.) treated group (Group 2) displayed healthy mothers and fetuses whereas that of the higher dose (200 mg/kg body wt.) (Group 3) despite not showing significant maternal or fetal mortalities, yet the intrauterine contents presented fetal developmental disorders including stunted growth and resorption together with some head and limb anomalies including plagiocephaly, marked acampsia and acrocontracture. Meanwhile, results have unexpectedly shown a radioprotective role of the lower ASA dose (25 mg/kg. body wt.) (Group 5) to pregnant rats and their fetuses as inspected by its efficacy in retrieving the radiation induced maternal weight loss together with its noticeable ameliorating effects on the intrauterine lethality of the affected fetuses and their externally detected abnormalities in addition toits effectiveness in retaining some

  8. Entry and operation modes of international oil companies : focus on Statoil ASA

    OpenAIRE

    Skogekker, Marius Haug

    2009-01-01

    This paper examines entry and operation modes of international oil companies on the Norwegian Continental Shelf, in the Gulf of Mexico, in Brazil and in Russia. The theoretical basis is the Integrated Transaction Cost Economics Model, and the focus is on implementation of company resources and capabilities in order to achieve optimal performance. The analysis is based on information of the Norwegian company Statoil ASA. The discussion concern; which organizational form is optimal ...

  9. Geriatric Hip Fractures and Inpatient Services: Predicting Hospital Charges Using the ASA Score

    OpenAIRE

    Thakore, Rachel V.; Young M. Lee; Vasanth Sathiyakumar; Obremskey, William T.; Sethi, Manish K.

    2014-01-01

    Purpose. To determine if the American Society of Anesthesiologist (ASA) score can be used to predict hospital charges for inpatient services. Materials and Methods. A retrospective chart review was conducted at a level I trauma center on 547 patients over the age of 60 who presented with a hip fracture and required operative fixation. Hospital charges associated with inpatient and postoperative services were organized within six categories of care. Analysis of variance and a linear regression...

  10. Influence of physical culture and sports on health status of pupils of industrial city

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kapranov S.V.

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available The aim was to study in the city with large enterprises of ferrous metallurgy and coke health of schoolchildren under the influence of physical education and sports. The research of blood pressure and heart rate (HR were 295 pupils aged 15-17 years, 390 - anthropometric study of body length, body weight, chest circumference and head, while the 584 teenagers - the prevalence of dental caries. HR assessment is made by comparing with the age norms, and indicators of physical development of pupils - centile method. It is shown that under the influence of employment morning gymnastics school students marked normalization of their heart rate. Waiver of physical exercise leads to a decrease in students in body length and circumference of the chest. Classes in morning exercises and sports are the factors antirisk caries among high school students. Proposed preventive recommendations.

  11. Physical Education Lessons and Activity Status of Visually Impaired and Sighted Adolescents

    OpenAIRE

    Demirturk, Funda; Kaya, Mustafa

    2015-01-01

    Background This study investigated participation in physical education and sports lessons of visually impaired adolescents and their sighted peers and compared their physical activity levels. Material/Methods A total of 22 visually impaired children of mean age 13.59±1.14 years and 31 sighted children aged 13.61±0.50 years participated in the study. A questionnaire prepared for this study was used to investigate participation of visually impaired adolescents and their sighted peers in physica...

  12. ATLAS Physics Objects: Status and Performance at 13 TeV

    CERN Document Server

    Riu, Imma; The ATLAS collaboration

    2016-01-01

    The ATLAS experiment is designed to study the proton-proton collisions produced at the Large Hadron Collider at CERN. During the early Run 2 data-taking period, the ATLAS trigger and data acquisition system has been used to collect a data sample useful to study the initial performance of the detector and physics objects at the new center-of-mass-energy of 13 TeV. This note describes in general the identification and reconstruction efficiencies, resolution and performance of the ATLAS physics objects by using proton-proton collisions collected since the spring until the summer of 2015.

  13. Solar Physics Research in the Russian Subcontinent - Current Status and Future

    CERN Document Server

    Pevtsov, A A; Tlatov, A G; Demidov, M L

    2016-01-01

    Modern research in solar physics in Russia is a multifaceted endeavor, which includes multi-wavelength observations from the ground- and space-based instruments, extensive theoretical and numerical modeling studies, new instrument development, and cross-disciplinary and international research. The research is conducted at the research organizations under the auspices of the Russian Academy of Sciences and to a lesser extent, by the research groups at Universities. Here, we review the history of solar physics research in Russia, and provide an update on recent developments.

  14. A study of the status of women in physics in Nagpur

    Science.gov (United States)

    Darisi, Sridevi; Ubale, Seema

    2015-12-01

    Networking plays an important role in ensuring that women participate equally in science and technology. In Nagpur, India, a growing city in the center of the country, a small and local network called Women in Physics in Nagpur was launched in July 2013 with about 10-15 members. A Google group of the same name was also launched. The main aim of the network was to set collective goals towards a vision for Indian women physicists. This paper reports on one of our early activities, a survey of women in Nagpur who have a physics background, and suggests future activities.

  15. Human brucellosis mimicking axial spondyloarthritis: a challenge for rheumatologists when applying the 2009 ASAS criteria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ye, Cong; Shen, Gui-Fen; Li, Shou-Xin; Dong, Ling-Li; Yu, Yi-Kai; Tu, Wei; Zhu, Ying-Zi; Hu, Shao-Xian

    2016-06-01

    Although the development of the 2009 SpA classification criteria by Assessment of SpondyloArthritis international Society (ASAS) represents an important step towards a better definition of the early disease stage particularly in axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA), the specificity of the criteria has been criticized these days. As the commonest zoonotic infection worldwide, human brucellosis can mimic a large number of diseases, including SpA. This study was performed to determine the frequency of rheumatologic manifestations in patients with brucellosis and the chance of misdiagnosing them as having axSpA in central China. The results showed that clinical manifestations of axSpA could be observed in brucellosis. Over half of patients had back pain, and one fifth of the patients with back pain were less than 45 years old at onset and had the symptom for more than 3 months. Two young males were falsely classified as suffering from axSpA according to the ASAS criteria, and one with MRI proved sacroiliitis was once given Etanercept for treatment. Therefore, differential diagnosis including human brucellosis should always be kept in mind when applying the ASAS criteria, even in traditionally non-endemic areas. PMID:27376805

  16. CONFRONTING THE VULNERABILITY AND SOCIAL defencelessness: THE EXPERIENCE OF THE JOINT Brazilian semiarid region (ASA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Uende Aparecida Figueiredo Gomes

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available  Este trabalho tem por objetivo apresentar e discutir as ações do Programa de Formação e Mobilização Social para Convivência com o Semiárido – Um milhão de Cisternas Rurais (P1MC e o trabalho realizado pela Articulação no Semiárido Brasileiro (ASA. Para avaliar as ações do programa foram realizadas entrevistas abertas com gestor do Ministério do Desenvolvimento Social e Combate à Fome, com membro da coordenação da ASA e com um beneficiário integrante do Movimento dos Trabalhadores Rurais Sem Terra. A análise dos dados indica que as ações da ASA têm sido efetivas ao instituírem práticas de convivência com o semiárido por meio de tecnologias de coleta e armazenamento de água de chuva, no entanto, o fortalecimento político das populações beneficiadas pelas ações ainda permanece como desafio.

  17. The Curious Case of ASAS J174600-2321.3: an Eclipsing Symbiotic Nova in Outburst?

    CERN Document Server

    Huemmerich, Stefan; Tisserand, Patrick; Bernhard, Klaus

    2015-01-01

    The star ASAS J174600-2321.3 was found to exhibit peculiar photometric variability (conspicuous brightening of about 4 magnitudes (V), fast luminosity declines, intrinsic pulsations). It was rejected as an RCB candidate in recent investigations on spectroscopic grounds. We have collected and present all available data from public sky surveys, photometric catalogues, and the literature. From an analysis of these data, we have identified ASAS J174600-2321.3 as a long-period eclipsing binary (Porb = 1011.5 days). The primary star, which is probably a white dwarf, is currently in outburst and exhibits the spectral characteristics of a reddened, early F-type supergiant; the secondary star is a giant of spectral type late M. We discuss the possible origin of the observed brightening, which is related to the primary component. ASAS J174600-2321.3 is most certainly an eclipsing symbiotic binary - probably a symbiotic nova of GCVS type NC - that is currently in outburst. However, further photometric and spectroscopic ...

  18. Present status of reactor physics in the United States and Japan-II. 6. Present Status of GNF New Nodal Simulator

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper presents core simulator consolidation work done at Global Nuclear Fuel (GNF). The unified simulator needs to supersede the capabilities of past simulator packages from the original GNF partners: GE (Ref. 1), Hitachi (Ref. 2), and Toshiba (Ref. 3). At the same time, an effort is being made to produce a simulation package that will be a state-of-the-art analysis tool when released, in terms of the physics solution methodology and functionality. The core simulator will be capable and qualified for (a) high-energy cycles in the U.S. markets, (b) mixed-oxide (MOX) introduction in Japan, and (c) high-power density plants in Europe, etc. The unification of the lattice physics code is also in progress based on a transport model with collision probability methods. The AETNA core simulator is built upon the PANAC11 software base. The goal is to essentially replace the 1.5-energy group model with a higher-order multigroup nonlinear nodal solution capable of the required modeling fidelity, while keeping highly automated library generation as well as functionality. All required interfaces to PANAC11 will be preserved, which minimizes the impact on users and process automation. Preliminary results show statistical accuracy improvement over the 1.5- group model. The status of the GNF new nodal simulator is presented. It is built on a highly automated software base by combining the best technologies of GE, Hitachi, and Toshiba and will provide a BWR core analysis tool with high functionality and fidelity. (authors)

  19. Influence of socio-economic status on habitual physical activity and sedentary behavior in 8- to 11-year old children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heelan Kate

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background While socio-economic status has been shown to be an important determinant of health and physical activity in adults, results for children and adolescents are less consistent. The purpose of this study, therefore, is to examine whether physical activity and sedentary behavior differs in children by socio-economic status (SES independent of body mass index. Methods Data were from two cohorts including 271 children (117 males; 154 females in study 1 and 131 children in study 2 (63 males; 68 females. The average age was 9.6 and 8.8 years respectively. Height and body mass were assessed according to standard procedures and body mass index (BMI, kg/m2 was calculated. Parent-reported household income was used to determine SES. Habitual, free-living physical activity (PA was assessed by a pedometer (steps/day in study 1 and accelerometer (time spent in moderate-to-vigorous PA in study 2. Self-reported time spent watching TV and on the computer was used as measure of sedentary behavior. Differences in PA and sedentary behavior by SES were initially tested using ANOVA. Further analyses used ANCOVA controlling for BMI, as well as leg length in the pedometer cohort. Results In study 1, mean daily steps differed significantly among SES groups with lower SES groups approximating 10,500 steps/day compared to about 12,000 steps/day in the higher SES groups. These differences remained significant (p Conclusions Children from a low SES show a trend of lower PA levels and spend more time in sedentary behavior than high SES children; however, differences in PA were influenced by BMI. The higher BMI in these children might be another factor contributing to increased health risks among low SES children compared to children from with a higher SES.

  20. The preparative status for draft amendment of the physical protection convention and domestic countermeasures

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    As a part of the countermeasures against the recent threats such as illicit trafficking, unauthorized removal of nuclear material and sabotage of nuclear facilities, which have significant effect on the international regime of physical protection, Working Group meetings including the Informal Open-Ended Expert Meetings to Discuss Whether there is a Need to Revise the Physical Protection Convention(INFCIRC/274/Rev.1) have been held under auspice of IAEA Secretariat for about two year. Moreover, the terrorism of last September 11th in the United States has been considered as a real threat for the nuclear facility, and then the preparation for draft amendment of the Convention has been speeded up and the Member States have discussed, through 2nd Draft Expert meeting, the detailed methodology for its amendment. Its main topic would be the methodology on how to incorporate the 'Fundamental Principles' in the Convention and the domestic implementation to have effect on the Member States 'system of physical protection. This paper presents the consideration on main issues related to preparation for draft amendment of the Convention, and the countermeasures available to establish domestic system of physical protection in accordance with the amendment of the Convention in near future

  1. Effective Teaching in Physical Education: Using Transportation Metaphors to Assess Our Status and Drive Our Future

    Science.gov (United States)

    Solmon, Melinda A.; Garn, Alex C.

    2014-01-01

    In our reflection on Rink's (2013), McKenzie and Lounsbery's (2013), and Ward's (2013) characterizations of effective teaching in physical education (PE), 2 themes emerged that permeate these diverse perspectives: policy and accountability. In our commentary, we focus our initial discussion on the implications that policy and…

  2. Status after the first LHC run: Looking for new directions in the physics landscape

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pich, Antonio

    2016-07-01

    The LHC data have confirmed the Standard Model as the correct theory at the electroweak scale. It successfully explains the experimental results with high precision and all its ingredients, including the Higgs boson, have been finally verified. At the same time, the negative searches for signals of new phenomena challenge our previous theoretical wisdom on new-physics scenarios.

  3. The Investigation of Physical Performance Status of Visually and Hearing Impaired Applying Judo Training Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karakoc, Onder

    2016-01-01

    It was aimed to investigate the physical performances of visually and hearing impaired doing judo training in this study. 32 male athletes, who were doing judo training, volunteer and, visually and hearing impaired, participated in this study. The investigation was applied to visually impaired (N = 12, mean ± SD; age: 25.75 ± 3.55 years, height:…

  4. How socio-economic status contributes to participation in leisure-time physical activity

    Science.gov (United States)

    The aim of this cross-sectional study was to identify individual, social, and environmental contributors (mediators) to individual- and area-level differences in leisure-time physical activity across socio-economic groups. A two-stage stratified sampling design was used to recruit 20– to 65-year-old...

  5. An overview of the current status of resonance theory in reactor physics applications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The neutron resonance phenomena constitute one of the most fundamental subjects in nuclear physics as well as in reactor physics. It is the area where the concepts of nuclear interaction and the treatment of the neutronic balance in reactor lattices become intertwined. The later requires the detailed knowledge of resonance structures of many nuclide of practical interest to the development of nuclear energy. The key issue of the resonance treatment in reactor applications is directly associated with the use of the microscopic cross sections in the macroscopic reactor cells with a wide range of composition, temperature,and geometric configurations. It gives rise to the so called self-shielding effect. The accurate estimations of such a effect is essential not only in the calculation of the criticality of a reactor but also from the point of view of safety considerations. The latter manifests through the Doppler effect particularly crucial to the fast reactor development. The task of accurate treatment of the self-shielding effect, however, is by no means simple. In fact, it is perhaps the most complicated problem in neutron physics which, strictly speaking, requires the dependence of many physical variables. Two important elements of particular interest are : (1) a concise description of the resonance cross sections as a function of energy and temperature; (2) accurate estimation of the corresponding neutron flux where appropriate. These topics will be discussed from both the historical as well as the state-of-art perspectives

  6. PE Teacher and Classmate Support in Level of Physical Activity: The Role of Sex and BMI Status in Adolescents from Kosovo

    OpenAIRE

    Michal Bronikowski; Malgorzata Bronikowska; Ida Laudańska - Krzemińska; Adam Kantanista; Besnik Morina; Shemsedin Vehapi

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this paper is to examine the role of physical education (PE) teacher and classmate support in relation to sex and BMI status in adolescents' physical activity (PA) in Kosovo. A Classmate and Teacher Support Scale (with additional questions) was used on a cross-sectional sample of 608 girls and 620 boys aged 15–18, randomly selected from secondary schools of seven major municipalities in Kosovo. PA level was determined with a Physical Activity Screening Measure questionnaire. Descri...

  7. The contribution of Nikola Tesla to plasma physics and current status of plasmas that he studied

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Petrović Zoran Lj.

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available One of the main Interests in science of Nikola Tesla were gas discharges plasmas, their application in lighting and in production of ozone as well as their role in conduction of electricity through the atmosphere. In particular Tesla is well known as the first person to produce rf plasmas. Such plasmas in the present day constitute the main technology required to produce integrated circuits (IC and have been essential in the revolution that resulted from IC technologies. In addition Tesla participated in studies of arcs especially arcs used as a source of light, corona discharges required to induce plasma chemical reactions and produce ozone and was involved in various aspects of gas breakdown and gaseous dielectrics. His ideas, level of his understanding and current status of these fields are discussed in this review.

  8. A full tungsten divertor for ITER: Physics issues and design status

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pitts, R.A., E-mail: richard.pitts@iter.org [ITER Organization, Route de Vinon sur Verdon, 13115 Saint Paul Lez Durance (France); Carpentier, S.; Escourbiac, F.; Hirai, T.; Komarov, V.; Lisgo, S.; Kukushkin, A.S.; Loarte, A.; Merola, M.; Sashala Naik, A.; Mitteau, R.; Sugihara, M. [ITER Organization, Route de Vinon sur Verdon, 13115 Saint Paul Lez Durance (France); Bazylev, B. [Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, IHM, P.O. Box 3640, 76021 Karlsruhe (Germany); Stangeby, P.C. [University of Toronto Institute Aerospace Studies, Ontario, Canada M3H 5T6 (Canada)

    2013-07-15

    Budget restrictions have forced the ITER Organization to reconsider the baseline divertor strategy, in which operations would begin with carbon (C) in the high heat flux regions, changing out to a full-tungsten (W) variant before the first nuclear campaigns. Substantial cost reductions can be achieved if one of these two divertors is eliminated. The new strategy implies not only that ITER would start-up on a full-W divertor, but that this component should survive until well into the nuclear phase. This paper considers the risks engendered by such an approach with regard to known W plasma-material interaction issues and briefly presents the current status of a possible full-W divertor design.

  9. A full tungsten divertor for ITER: Physics issues and design status

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Budget restrictions have forced the ITER Organization to reconsider the baseline divertor strategy, in which operations would begin with carbon (C) in the high heat flux regions, changing out to a full-tungsten (W) variant before the first nuclear campaigns. Substantial cost reductions can be achieved if one of these two divertors is eliminated. The new strategy implies not only that ITER would start-up on a full-W divertor, but that this component should survive until well into the nuclear phase. This paper considers the risks engendered by such an approach with regard to known W plasma-material interaction issues and briefly presents the current status of a possible full-W divertor design

  10. Prospective analysis of body mass index, physical activity, and colorectal cancer risk associated with β-catenin (CTNNB1) status.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morikawa, Teppei; Kuchiba, Aya; Lochhead, Paul; Nishihara, Reiko; Yamauchi, Mai; Imamura, Yu; Liao, Xiaoyun; Qian, Zhi Rong; Ng, Kimmie; Chan, Andrew T; Meyerhardt, Jeffrey A; Giovannucci, Edward; Fuchs, Charles S; Ogino, Shuji

    2013-03-01

    Dysregulation of the WNT/β-catenin (CTNNB1) signaling pathway is implicated in colorectal carcinoma and metabolic diseases. Considering these roles and cancer prevention, we hypothesized that tumor CTNNB1 status might influence cellular sensitivity to obesity and physical activity. In clinical follow-up of 109,046 women in the Nurses' Health Study and 47,684 men in the Health Professionals Follow-up Study, there were 861 incident rectal and colon cancers with tissue immunohistochemistry data on nuclear CTNNB1 expression. Using this molecular pathological epidemiology database, we conducted Cox proportional hazards regression analysis using data duplication method to assess differential associations of body mass index (BMI) or exercise activity with colorectal cancer risk according to tumor CTNNB1 status. Greater BMI was associated with a significantly higher risk of CTNNB1-negative cancer [multivariate HR = 1.34; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.18-1.53 for 5.0 kg/m(2) increment; Ptrend = 0.0001] but not with CTNNB1-positive cancer risk (multivariate HR = 1.07; 95% CI, 0.92-1.25 for 5.0 kg/m(2) increment; Ptrend = 0.36; Pheterogeneity = 0.027, between CTNNB1-negative and CTNNB1-positive cancer risks). Physical activity level was associated with a lower risk of CTNNB1-negative cancer (multivariate HR = 0.93; 95% CI, 0.87-1.00 for 10 MET-h/wk increment; Ptrend = 0.044) but not with CTNNB1-positive cancer risk (multivariate HR = 0.98; 95% CI, 0.91-1.05 for 10 MET-h/wk increment; Ptrend = 0.60). Our findings argue that obesity and physical inactivity are associated with a higher risk of CTNNB1-negative colorectal cancer but not with CTNNB1-positive cancer risk. Furthermore, they suggest that energy balance and metabolism status exerts its effect in a specific carcinogenesis pathway that is less likely dependent on WNT/CTNNB1 activation. Cancer Res; 73(5); 1600-10. ©2012 AACR. PMID:23442321

  11. Functional Movement Is Negatively Associated with Weight Status and Positively Associated with Physical Activity in British Primary School Children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael J. Duncan

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Although prior studies have suggested that overweight and obesity in childhood are associated with poorer functional movement performance, no study appears to have examined this issue in a pediatric population. The relations between BMI, ambulatory physical activity and functional movement screen (FMS performance were compared in 58, 10-11-year-old children. Total FMS score was significantly, negatively correlated with BMI (=.0001 and positively related to PA (=.029. Normal weight children scored significantly better for total FMS score compared to children classified as overweight/obese (=.0001. Mean ± S.D. of FMS scores were 15.5±2.2 and 10.6±2.1 in normal weight and overweight/obese children, respectively. BMI and PA were also significant predictors of functional movement (=.0001, Adjusted 2=.602 with BMI and PA predicting 52.9% and 7.3% of the variance in total FMS score, respectively. The results of this study highlight that ambulatory physical activity and weight status are significant predictors of functional movement in British children. Scientists and practitioners therefore need to consider interventions which develop functional movement skills alongside physical activity and weight management strategies in children in order to reduce the risks of orthopaedic abnormality arising from suboptimal movement patterns in later life.

  12. Status and perspectives of atomic physics research at GSI: The new GSI accelerator project

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stoehlker, Th. E-mail: t.stoehlker@gsi.de; Backe, H.; Beyer, H.F.; Bosch, F.; Braeuning-Demian, A.; Hagmann, S.; Ionescu, D.C.; Jungmann, K.; Kluge, H.-J.; Kozhuharov, C.; Kuehl, Th.; Liesen, D.; Mann, R.; Mokler, P.H.; Quint, W

    2003-05-01

    A short overview on the results of atomic physics research at the storage ring ESR is given followed by a presentation of the envisioned atomic physics program at the planned new GSI facility. The proposed new GSI facility will provide highest intensities of relativistic beams of both stable and unstable heavy nuclei - up to a Lorentz factor of 24. At those relativistic velocities, the energies of optical transitions, such as for lasers, are boosted into the X-ray region and the high-charge state ions generate electric and magnetic fields of exceptional strength. Together with high beam intensities a range of important experiments can be anticipated, for example electronic transitions in relativistic heavy-ion collisions such as dynamically induced e{sup +}e{sup -} pairs, test of quantum electrodynamics (QED) in strong fields, and ions and electrons in ultra-high intensity femtosecond laser fields.

  13. Status of Verification and Validation of Physics Codes in COSINE Code Package

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    COre and System INtegrated Engine for design and analysis (COSINE), an integrated nuclear engineering code package, is being developed by State Nuclear Power Software Development Center (SNPSDC) in China since 2011. A brief introduction of V and V strategy for the LATC/CORE reactor physics codes in COSINE code package was presented. And some results are shown as above. The preliminary results of V and V shows that the codes could give reasonable results, but still need to be continuously improved. In the next few years, the SNPSDC will build a test data base, including data from the critical experiments and operation plants, in order to continuously carry out the V and V of physics codes in COSINE

  14. Induction-accelerator heavy-ion fusion: Status and beam physics issues

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Inertial confinement fusion driven by beams of heavy ions is an attractive route to controlled fusion. In the U.S., induction accelerators are being developed as open-quote open-quote drivers close-quote close-quote for this process. This paper is divided into two main sections. In the first section, the concept of induction-accelerator driven heavy-ion fusion is briefly reviewed, and the U.S. program of experiments and theoretical investigations is described. In the second, a open-quote open-quote taxonomy close-quote close-quote of space-charge-dominated beam physics issues is presented, accompanied by a brief discussion of each area. copyright 1996 American Institute of Physics

  15. Present and Future Kaon Physics (Kaon Decays: Status and Prospects of Experiments)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Study of the ultra-rare K → πν(bar ν) decays is highly motivated by their unique theoretical access to short distance physics allowing deep probing of physics beyond the Standard Model including possible new sources of CP violation and flavor symmetry breaking. It also appears that through the development of targeted experimental techniques, both the charged and neutral processes, K+ → π+ν(bar ν) and KL0 → π0ν(bar ν), are accessible to detailed measurement. Three events consistent with K+ → π+ν(bar ν) decay have been observed by BNL E787/E949 and further measurements of this reaction are being planned. The new KOPIO experiment at BNL is aiming to study the special CP-violating decay KL0 → π0ν(bar ν) with a precision of 10%. The motivations, experimental methods, prospects, and possible impact of KOPIO and other future measurements will be discussed.

  16. Sexual orientation and mental and physical health status: findings from a Dutch population survey.

    OpenAIRE

    Sandfort, T.G.M.; Bakker, F.; Schellevis, F.G.; Vanwesenbeeck, I.

    2006-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: We sought to determine whether sexual orientation is related to mental and physical health and health behaviors in the general population. METHODS: Data was derived from a health interview survey that was part of the second Dutch National Survey of General Practice, carried out in 2001 among an all-age random sample of the population. Of the 19685 persons invited to participate, 65% took part in the survey. Sexual orientation was assessed in persons aged 18 years and older and rep...

  17. Solar Physics Research in the Russian Subcontinent - Current Status and Future

    OpenAIRE

    Pevtsov, A.A.; Nagovitsyn, Yu. A.; Tlatov, A. G.; Demidov, M. L.

    2016-01-01

    Modern research in solar physics in Russia is a multifaceted endeavor, which includes multi-wavelength observations from the ground- and space-based instruments, extensive theoretical and numerical modeling studies, new instrument development, and cross-disciplinary and international research. The research is conducted at the research organizations under the auspices of the Russian Academy of Sciences and to a lesser extent, by the research groups at Universities. Here, we review the history ...

  18. Exploring nutritional status, physical activity and body mass index of Pakistani teens

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kiran Khan

    2016-08-01

    Conclusions: This study indicates that a large proportion of school and college students had physical inactivity, unhealthy dietary habits and they were overweight. All these interrelated factors were independent of their household socioeconomic condition and ethnicity. There is a need to educate and create awareness about healthy lifestyle among the adolescents and the community at large. [Int J Res Med Sci 2016; 4(8.000: 3563-3569

  19. Physics and present status of the GSI-SIS/ESR project

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The author describes the relativistic heavy ion projects at the GSI Darmstadt. After a short description of the accelerator facilities the study of intermediate-energy heavy ion reactions, the production of radioactive ion beams, and some proposed nuclear physics experiments are discussed. Finally the production of a crystalline beam structure by cooling beams of highly stripped high Z ions is briefly considered together with applications to high precision mass measurement and laser spectroscopy. (HSI)

  20. Status Report of the DPHEP Collaboration: A Global Effort for Sustainable Data Preservation in High Energy Physics

    CERN Document Server

    Amerio, Silvia; Berghaus, Frank; Blomer, Jakob; Branson, Andrew; Cancio, Germán; Cartaro, Concetta; Chen, Gang; Dallmeier-Tiessen, Sünje; Diaconu, Cristinel; Ganis, Gerardo; Gheata, Mihaela; Hara, Takanori; Herner, Ken; Hildreth, Mike; Jones, Roger; Kluth, Stefan; Krücker, Dirk; Lassila-Perini, Kati; Maggi, Marcello; Marco de Lucas, Jesus; Mele, Salvatore; Pace, Alberto; Schröder, Matthias; Shamdasani, Jetendr; Shiers, Jamie; Smith, Tim; Sobie, Randall; South, David Michael; Verbytskyi, Andrii; Viljoen, Matthew; Wang, Lu; Zimmermann, Markus

    2015-01-01

    Data from High Energy Physics (HEP) experiments are collected with significant financial and human effort and are mostly unique. An inter-experimental study group on HEP data preservation and long-term analysis was convened as a panel of the International Committee for Future Accelerators (ICFA). The group was formed by large collider-based experiments and investigated the technical and organizational aspects of HEP data preservation. An intermediate report was released in November 2009 addressing the general issues of data preservation in HEP and an extended blueprint paper was published in 2012. In July 2014 the DPHEP collaboration was formed as a result of the signature of the Collaboration Agreement by seven large funding agencies (others have since joined or are in the process of acquisition) and in June 2015 the first DPHEP Collaboration Workshop and Collaboration Board meeting took place. This status report of the DPHEP collaboration details the progress during the period from 2013 to 2015 inclusive.

  1. Age-related changes in the brain antioxidant status: modulation by dietary supplementation of Decalepis hamiltonii and physical exercise.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ravikiran, Tekupalli; Sowbhagya, Ramachandregowda; Anupama, Sindhghatta Kariyappa; Anand, Santosh; Bhagyalakshmi, Dundaiah

    2016-08-01

    The synergistic effects of physical exercise and diet have profound benefits on brain function. The present study was aimed to determine the effects of exercise and Decalepis hamiltonii (Dh) on age-related responses on the antioxidant status in discrete regions of rat brain. Male Wistar albino rats of 4 and 18 months old were orally supplemented with Dh extract and swim trained at 3 % intensity for 30 min/day, 5 days/week, for a period of 30 days. Supplementation of 100 mg Dh aqueous extract/kg body weight and its combination with exercise significantly elevated the antioxidant enzyme activities irrespective of age. Age-related and region-specific changes were observed in superoxide levels, and protein carbonyl and malondialdehyde contents, and were found to be decreased in both trained and supplemented groups. Levels of total thiols, protein, and nonprotein thiols decreased with age and significantly increased in the SW-T(+100 mg) groups. Our results demonstrated that the interactive effects of two treatments enhanced the antioxidant status and decreased the risk of protein and lipid oxidation in the rat brain. PMID:27379504

  2. A Nanometer Aerosol Size Analyzer (nASA) for Rapid Measurement of High-concentration Size Distributions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We have developed a fast-response nanometer aerosol size analyzer (nASA) that is capable of scanning 30 size channels between 3 and 100 nm in a total time of 3 s. The analyzer includes a bipolar charger (Po210), an extended-length nanometer differential mobility analyzer (Nano-DMA), and an electrometer (TSI 3068). This combination of components provides particle size spectra at a scan rate of 0.1 s per channel free of uncertainties caused by response-time-induced smearing. The nASA thus offers a fast response for aerosol size distribution measurements in high-concentration conditions and also eliminates the need for applying a de-smearing algorithm to resulting data. In addition, because of its thermodynamically stable means of particle detection, the nASA is useful for applications requiring measurements over a broad range of sample pressures and temperatures. Indeed, experimental transfer functions determined for the extended-length Nano-DMA using the tandem differential mobility analyzer (TDMA) technique indicate the nASA provides good size resolution at pressures as low as 200 Torr. Also, as was demonstrated in tests to characterize the soot emissions from the J85-GE engine of a T-38 aircraft, the broad dynamic concentration range of the nASA makes it particularly suitable for studies of combustion or particle formation processes. Further details of the nASA performance as well as results from calibrations, laboratory tests and field applications are presented below

  3. In Vivo Evaluation of 5-ASA Colon-Specific Tablets Using Experimental-Induced Colitis Rat Animal Model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sawarkar, Sujata P; Deshpande, S G; Bajaj, A N; Nikam, V S

    2015-12-01

    Colonic drug delivery is intended not only for local treatment in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) but also for systemic delivery of therapeutics. Intestinal myeloperoxidase (MPO) determination could be used to estimate the average level of inflammation in colon as well as to determine the efficacy of drugs to be used in the treatment of inflammatory bowel diseases or study the specificity of dosage forms to be used for colonic targeting of anti-inflammatory drugs. Colonic prodrug sulfasalazine (SASP) gets metabolized to give 5-aminosalicylic acid (5-ASA), which is the active portion of SASP. However, when given orally, 5-ASA is absorbed in upper part of gastrointestinal tract (GIT) and not made available in colon. In the present study, colon-targeted delivery of 5-ASA was achieved by formulating tablets with two natural polymers namely guar gum and pectin using compression coating method. Colonic specificity of 5-ASA tablets (prepared using guar gum and pectin as polymers) was evaluated in vitro using simulated fluids mimicking in vivo environment as well as in vivo method using chemically (2,4,6-trinitrobenzenesulfonic acid and acetic acid)-induced colitis rat model. Both colon-specific formulations of 5-ASA (guar gum and pectin) were observed to be more effective in reducing inflammation in chemically induced colitis rat models when compared to colon-specific prodrug sulfasalazine as well as conventional 5-ASA administered orally. PMID:26017284

  4. Physical activity of adult residents of Katowice and selected determinants of their occupational status and socio-economic characteristics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Puciato

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Background: The issue of physical activity (PA is often addressed in the literature, but its socio-economic determinants are not fully recognized. To date no studies of the adult population of Katowice have been carried out. Research in this area is of great importance in the context of the documented influence of PA on health and extension of retirement age in Poland. The aim of this paper is to evaluate the relationship between PA and socio-economic status of adult residents of Katowice. Materials and Methods: The study carried out in 2010 comprised 2053 people (987 women and 1066 men aged 30-65 years. To evaluate PA in the study group the diagnostic survey method and a research tool in the form of an abridged version of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ, with specification expanded by the authors, were used. In the statistical analysis logistic regression was employed. Results: The likelihood of meeting the standards of health-enhancing PA was higher in men than in women, and it decreased with age and education level of the respondents. The highest proportion of those meeting the recommendation of health-enhancing PA was observed among blue-collar workers, operators, teachers, police and soldiers. The lowest probability of meeting the recommendations of the American College of Sports Medicine was found among economists and lawyers, office workers, the unemployed, managers, and engineers, pensioners and health care professionals. Conclusions: The study demonstrates the correlation between PA and socio-economic status of the respondents. The analysis of the results indicates the necessity to promote PA programs mainly among women, the elderly, the unemployed, pensioners and representatives of professions, such as economists, lawyers, managers, engineers, and health professionals. Med Pr 2013;64(5:649–657

  5. Induction-accelerator heavy-ion fusion: Status and beam physics issues

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Inertial confinement fusion driven by beams of heavy ions is an attractive route to controlled fusion. In the U.S., induction accelerators are being developed as open-quotes driversclose quotes for this process. This paper is divided into two main sections. In the first section, the concept of induction-accelerator driven heavy-ion fusion is briefly reviewed, and the U.S. program of experiments and theoretical investigations is described. In the second, a open-quotes taxonomyclose quotes of space-charge-dominated beam physics issues is presented, accompanied by a brief discussion of each area

  6. Effect of L-carnitine Supplementation on Nutritional Status and Physical Performance Under Calorie Restriction

    OpenAIRE

    Jain, Swati; Singh, Som Nath

    2014-01-01

    L-carnitine is popular as a potential ergogenic aid because of its role in the conversion of fat into energy. The present study was undertaken to investigate the effect of short term supplementation of L-carnitine on metabolic markers and physical efficiency tests under short term calorie restriction. Male albino rats were divided into four groups (n = 12 in each)—control, calorie restricted (CR for 5 days, 25 % of basal food intake), L-carnitine supplemented (CAR, given orally for 5 days at ...

  7. ''FASTBUS'': status of development of a standard high speed data acquisition bus for high energy physics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In late 1975 the US NIM Committee initiated a study group, known as the Advanced System Study Group, to review the future data acquisition modular interface requirements for high-energy physics. The final report of this group recommended the development of a new standard system, now known as ''FASTBUS,'' which would have as principal features improved speed by a factor of 10 over CAMAC, more generalized architecture to accommodate distributed parallel processing and fast preprocessing, special scan modes of particular use in high-energy particle detection systems, and standardized bus structures and mechanics. A brief summary of current activity is given. 7 figures, 3 tables

  8. Technical area status report for chemical/physical treatment. Volume 2, Appendices

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brown, C.H. Jr. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Schwinkendorf, W.E. [BDM Federal, Inc., Arlington, VA (United States)

    1993-08-01

    These Appendices describe various technologies that may be applicable to the Mixed Waste Treatment Plant (MWTP) Chemical/Physical Treatment System (CPTS). These technologies were identified by the CPTS Technical Support Group (TSG) as potentially applicable to a variety of separation, volume reduction, and decontamination requirements. The purpose was to identify all available and developing technologies, and their characteristics, for subsequent evaluation for specific requirements identified for the CPTS. However, the technologies described herein are not necessarily all inclusive, nor are they necessarily all applicable.

  9. Physical Distress, Emotional Status, and Quality of Life in Patients With Nasopharyngeal Cancer Complicated by Post-Radiotherapy Endocrinopathy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purpose: To explore factors affecting quality of life (QOL) among patients with nasopharyngeal cancer (NPC) complicated by post-radiotherapy endocrinopathy. Methods and Materials: This cross-sectional study was conducted in a tertiary medical center and involved a total of 43 post-radiotherapy, recurrence-free NPC patients with endocrinopathy. They performed self-assessment of their emotional status using the Beck Anxiety Inventory and Beck Depression Inventory-II, and their QoL with the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire (EORTC QLQ-C30) questionnaire and the H and N35 cancer module. Results: Emotional and cognitive functioning of EORTC QLQ-C30 were the most affected. Fatigue, insomnia, and pain were the main concerns. Of the patients, 22 (51.2%) had anxiety and 19 (44.2%) had depression. Both depression and anxiety were negatively correlated with functional scales and global QoL but positively correlated with symptom scales. Multiple linear regression analysis revealed that physical distress symptoms of QLQ-C30 and physical functioning were the significant predictors of global QoL. Emotional and social functioning could predict depression, whereas emotional and physical functioning were significant predictors of anxiety. Conclusions: NPC patients with post-radiotherapy endocrinopathy exhibit impaired cognitive function and negative emotions. Symptoms of physical distress play an important role in QoL perception. Measurement of EORTC QLQ-C30 can be a useful instrument for the early detection of patients' impaired cognitive function and psychological morbidity. The high psychological distress related to the endocrine disturbances or the impact of NPC itself needs further study

  10. Is oxidative status influenced by dietary carotenoid and physical activity after moult in the great tit (Parus major)?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vaugoyeau, Marie; Decencière, Beatriz; Perret, Samuel; Karadas, Filiz; Meylan, Sandrine; Biard, Clotilde

    2015-07-01

    In the context of sexual and natural selection, an allocation trade-off for carotenoid pigments may exist because of their obligate dietary origin and their role both in the antioxidant and immune systems and in the production of coloured signals in various taxa, particularly birds. When birds have expended large amounts of carotenoids to feather growth such as after autumn moult, bird health and oxidative status might be more constrained. We tested this hypothesis in a bird species with carotenoid-based plumage colour, by manipulating dietary carotenoids and physical activity, which can decrease antioxidant capacity and increase reactive oxygen metabolite (ROM) concentration. Great tits were captured after moult and kept in aviaries, under three treatments: physical handicap and dietary supplementation with carotenoids, physical handicap and control diet, and no handicap and control diet. We measured plasma composition (antioxidant capacity, ROM concentration, and vitamin A, vitamin E and total carotenoid concentrations), immune system activation (blood sedimentation) and stress response (heterophil/lymphocyte ratio) and predicted that handicap treatment should influence these negatively and carotenoid supplementation positively. Coloration of yellow feathers was also measured. Carotenoid supplementation increased total plasma carotenoid concentration, decreased feather carotenoid chroma and marginally increased ROM concentration. Handicap increased blood sedimentation only in males but had no clear influence on oxidative stress, which contradicted previous studies. Further studies are needed to investigate how physical activity and carotenoid availability might interact and influence oxidative stress outside the moult period, and their combined potential influence on attractiveness and reproductive investment later during the breeding season. PMID:25964421

  11. The status of United States R and D programs in safeguards and physical protection

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The breakup of former Soviet Union and the strategic nuclear arms reduction agreements, START 1 and 2, when fully implemented, will result in the significant reduction and dismantlement of nuclear weapons. These events will produce the significant increase of stored nuclear materials requiring the utmost control and care for indefinite future. Some of these materials in addition to existing wastes and residues may need further processing. The control of nuclear materials through safeguards, both domestic and international, is one of only a few effective barriers to nuclear proliferation. The improved technology is the key to the cost effective safeguards of nuclear materials. The Department of Energy carries out the research and development programs at its national laboratories. As the most notable demonstration and training efforts of new technologies, there is International Training Courses on the State System of Accounting and Control and the Physical Protection of Nuclear Facilities and Materials. The Office of Research and Development of the Office of Intelligence and National Security Affairs, the Department of Energy, the Office of Safeguards and Security, International Safeguards Division and so on carry out the activities of the R and D on safeguards and physical protection. (K.I.)

  12. Present and Future Kaon Physics ( Kaon Decays: Status and Prospects of Experiments)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bryman, Doug (University of British Columbia)

    2005-05-04

    Study of the ultra-rare K {yields} {pi}{nu}{bar {nu}} decays is highly motivated by their unique theoretical access to short distance physics allowing deep probing of physics beyond the Standard Model including possible new sources of CP violation and flavor symmetry breaking. It also appears that through the development of targeted experimental techniques, both the charged and neutral processes, K{sup +} {yields} {pi}{sup +}{nu}{bar {nu}} and K{sub L}{sup 0} {yields} {pi}{sup 0}{nu}{bar {nu}}, are accessible to detailed measurement. Three events consistent with K{sup +} {yields} {pi}{sup +}{nu}{bar {nu}} decay have been observed by BNL E787/E949 and further measurements of this reaction are being planned. The new KOPIO experiment at BNL is aiming to study the special CP-violating decay K{sub L}{sup 0} {yields} {pi}{sup 0}{nu}{bar {nu}} with a precision of 10%. The motivations, experimental methods, prospects, and possible impact of KOPIO and other future measurements will be discussed.

  13. Status Report for Remediation Decision Support Project, Task 1, Activity 1.B – Physical and Hydraulic Properties Database and Interpretation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rockhold, Mark L.

    2008-09-26

    The objective of Activity 1.B of the Remediation Decision Support (RDS) Project is to compile all available physical and hydraulic property data for sediments from the Hanford Site, to port these data into the Hanford Environmental Information System (HEIS), and to make the data web-accessible to anyone on the Hanford Local Area Network via the so-called Virtual Library. In past years efforts were made by RDS project staff to compile all available physical and hydraulic property data for Hanford sediments and to transfer these data into SoilVision{reg_sign}, a commercial geotechnical software package designed for storing, analyzing, and manipulating soils data. Although SoilVision{reg_sign} has proven to be useful, its access and use restrictions have been recognized as a limitation to the effective use of the physical and hydraulic property databases by the broader group of potential users involved in Hanford waste site issues. In order to make these data more widely available and useable, a decision was made to port them to HEIS and to make them web-accessible via a Virtual Library module. In FY08 the objectives of Activity 1.B of the RDS Project were to: (1) ensure traceability and defensibility of all physical and hydraulic property data currently residing in the SoilVision{reg_sign} database maintained by PNNL, (2) transfer the physical and hydraulic property data from the Microsoft Access database files used by SoilVision{reg_sign} into HEIS, which has most recently been maintained by Fluor-Hanford, Inc., (3) develop a Virtual Library module for accessing these data from HEIS, and (4) write a User's Manual for the Virtual Library module. The development of the Virtual Library module was to be performed by a third party under subcontract to Fluor. The intent of these activities is to make the available physical and hydraulic property data more readily accessible and useable by technical staff and operable unit managers involved in waste site assessments

  14. The RICH detector of the AMS-02 experiment: status and physics prospects

    CERN Document Server

    Pereira, Rui; Arruda, L; Barão, F; Baret, B; Barrau, A; Barreira, G; Belmont, E; Berdugo, J; Borges, J; Buénerd, M; Casadei, D; Casaus, J; Cortina, E; Costado, M; Crespo, D; Delgado, C; Díaz, C; Derome, L; Gonçalves, P; Garcia-Lopez, R; de la Guia, C; Herrero, A; Lanciotti, E; Laurenti, G; Malinin, A; Maña, C; Marin, J; Mangin-Brinet, M; Martínez, G; Menchaca-Rocha, A; Palomares, C; Pimenta, M; Putze, A; Sallaz-Damaz, Y; Seo, E S; Sevilla, I; Torrento, A; Vargas-Trevino, M; Veziant, O

    2008-01-01

    The Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer (AMS), whose final version AMS-02 is to be installed on the International Space Station (ISS) for at least 3 years, is a detector designed to measure charged cosmic ray spectra with energies up to the TeV region and with high energy photon detection capability up to a few hundred GeV. It is equipped with several subsystems, one of which is a proximity focusing RICH detector with a dual radiator (aerogel+NaF) that provides reliable measurements for particle velocity and charge. The assembly and testing of the AMS RICH is currently being finished and the full AMS detector is expected to be ready by the end of 2008. The RICH detector of AMS-02 is presented. Physics prospects are briefly discussed.

  15. Status of the Experimental Physics and Industrial Control System at NSTX

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The NSTX achieved first plasma in 1999. The Experimental Physics and Industrial Control System (EPICS) is used to provide data-integration services for monitoring and control of all NSTX engineering subsystems. EPICS is a set of software initially developed at U.S. DOE laboratories. It is currently used and maintained through a global collaboration of hundreds of scientists and engineers. This paper will relate some of our experiences using and supporting the EPICS software. Topics include reliability and maintainability, lessons learned, recently added engineering subsystems, new EPICS software tools, and a review of our first EPICS software upgrade. Steps to modernize the technical infrastructure of EPICS to ensure effective support for NSTX will also be described

  16. Improving physical fitness and emotional well-being in adolescents of low socioeconomic status in Chile: results of a school-based controlled trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bonhauser, Marco; Fernandez, Gonzalo; Püschel, Klaus; Yañez, Fernando; Montero, Joaquín; Thompson, Beti; Coronado, Gloria

    2005-06-01

    Regular physical activity is associated with a reduced risk of all-cause mortality, and mortality due to cardiovascular disease and cancer. Among adolescents, physical activity is associated with benefits in the prevention and control of emotional distress, and improvement of self-esteem. Countries in transitional epidemiological scenarios, such as Chile, need to develop effective strategies to improve physical activity as a way to face the epidemic of chronic diseases. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of a school-based physical activity program on physical fitness and mental health status of adolescents living in a low socioeconomic status area in Santiago, Chile. A quasi-experimental design was used to evaluate the effects of the program over one academic year. The study included 198 students aged 15 years old. Two ninth grade classes were randomly selected as the intervention group, with two classes of the same grade as controls. A social planning approach was used to develop the intervention. The program was designed and implemented based on student preferences, teachers' expertise and local resources. Changes in physiological and mental health status were assessed. After the intervention, maximum oxygen capacity achieved a significant increase of 8.5% in the intervention versus 1.8% in the control group (p performance scores improved significantly more in the intervention versus the control group (p > 0.01). Anxiety score decreased 13.7% in the intervention group versus 2.8% in the control group (p 80%. To conclude, a school-based program to improve physical activity in adolescents of low socioeconomic status, obtained a high level of participation and achieved significant benefits in terms of physical fitness and mental health status. PMID:15788528

  17. Deriving albedo maps for HAPEX-Sahel from ASAS data using kernel-driven BRDF models

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. Lewis

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper describes the application and testing of a method for deriving spatial estimates of albedo from multi-angle remote sensing data. Linear kernel-driven models of surface bi-directional reflectance have been inverted against high spatial resolution multi-angular, multi- spectral airborne data of the principal cover types within the HAPEX-Sahel study site in Niger, West Africa. The airborne data are obtained from the NASA Airborne Solid-state Imaging Spectrometer (ASAS instrument, flown in Niger in September and October 1992. The maps of model parameters produced are used to estimate integrated reflectance properties related to spectral albedo. Broadband albedo has been estimated from this by weighting the spectral albedo for each pixel within the map as a function of the appropriate spectral solar irradiance and proportion of direct and diffuse illumination. Partial validation of the results was performed by comparing ASAS reflectance and derived directional-hemispherical reflectance with simulations of a millet canopy made with a complex geometric canopy reflectance model, the Botanical Plant Modelling System (BPMS. Both were found to agree well in magnitude. Broadband albedo values derived from the ASAS data were compared with ground-based (point sample albedo measurements and found to agree extremely well. These results indicate that the linear kernel-driven modelling approach, which is to be used operationally to produce global 16 day, 1 km albedo maps from forthcoming NASA Earth Observing System spaceborne data, is both sound and practical for the estimation of angle-integrated spectral reflectance quantities related to albedo. Results for broadband albedo are dependent on spectral sampling and on obtaining the correct spectral weigthings.

  18. Physical principles and current status of emerging non-volatile solid state memories

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, L.; Yang, C.-H.; Wen, J.

    2015-07-01

    Today the influence of non-volatile solid-state memories on persons' lives has become more prominent because of their non-volatility, low data latency, and high robustness. As a pioneering technology that is representative of non-volatile solidstate memories, flash memory has recently seen widespread application in many areas ranging from electronic appliances, such as cell phones and digital cameras, to external storage devices such as universal serial bus (USB) memory. Moreover, owing to its large storage capacity, it is expected that in the near future, flash memory will replace hard-disk drives as a dominant technology in the mass storage market, especially because of recently emerging solid-state drives. However, the rapid growth of the global digital data has led to the need for flash memories to have larger storage capacity, thus requiring a further downscaling of the cell size. Such a miniaturization is expected to be extremely difficult because of the well-known scaling limit of flash memories. It is therefore necessary to either explore innovative technologies that can extend the areal density of flash memories beyond the scaling limits, or to vigorously develop alternative non-volatile solid-state memories including ferroelectric random-access memory, magnetoresistive random-access memory, phase-change random-access memory, and resistive random-access memory. In this paper, we review the physical principles of flash memories and their technical challenges that affect our ability to enhance the storage capacity. We then present a detailed discussion of novel technologies that can extend the storage density of flash memories beyond the commonly accepted limits. In each case, we subsequently discuss the physical principles of these new types of non-volatile solid-state memories as well as their respective merits and weakness when utilized for data storage applications. Finally, we predict the future prospects for the aforementioned solid-state memories for

  19. Fragment o dimenzijah emocije, "mathesisa" in časa v čisto glasbenem

    OpenAIRE

    Popović Mlađenović, Tijana

    2015-01-01

    V dialogu iz Kaj je glasba? Carla Dahlhausa in Hansa Heinricha Eggebrecht je glasba opredeljena kot "matematizirana emocija" ali "emocionalizirani 'mathesis'". Kot poudarja Marija Bergamo, gre za način izpostavljanja enakosti, neizogibnosti konstituiranja glasbe kot emotivno in racionalne organizacije v dimenziji časa. Marija Bergamo nenehno išče tista določila glasbenega dela kot "avtonomnega estetskega dejstva", ki temeljijo in katerih resnično bistvo leži "znotraj narave in bistva glasbe s...

  20. New ICP-MS laboratory at the Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics: status report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: The Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics, Kolkata, has initiated a state-of-the-art Trace Analysis laboratory in the XIth five year plan project. The trace analysis laboratory is equipped with both nuclear and nonnuclear detection systems. The most noteworthy ultra-trace detection system is ICP-MS (XSeries-II), procured from Thermo Fisher Scientific. The ICP-MS is one of the most versatile machines amongst the available models. The machine has collision cell technology to suppress the isobaric interference. The machine has option to use NH3 as collision gas in addition to H2, He, H2-He mixture, O2, N2 gases. Presently the machine has been calibrated by aqueous multi-elemental standard. However in near future it will be coupled with HPLC and GC, so that information on the speciation can be obtained in ultra-trace level. It has also been planned to couple the machine with Laser Ablation (LA) system, so that LA-ICPMS can directly determine trace elements in solid matrix. The trace analysis laboratory of SINP also equipped with ICP-OES, high purity Ge detector and a powerful compton suppression system. Therefore, the results can be validated in more than one competing method

  1. Possibilities of increasing the physical health status of students different modes of racing loads

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Serorez T.B.

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Purpose : to substantiate theoretically and experimentally verify technology aimed at improving the process of university students in extracurricular athletics. Material : the study involved 413 male students aged 21-23 years. Results : organize and compile materials 26 references, extracurricular training program designed jogging, investigated the level of aerobic and anaerobic productivity first men of mature age, experimentally proved improving technologies for university students on the basis of cross-country use loads. Investigation of the influence of cross-country training of different directions on aerobic and anaerobic performance of the body indicates the advantage of cross-country loads that stimulate anaerobic energy processes. Confirmed the close correlation between aerobic and anaerobic performance and endurance of the organism, which gives grounds to consider the latter as one of the main components of physical fitness. Found that the relationship of aerobic and anaerobic capacity of the organism to other quality parameters of motor activity is weak or absent. Conclusions : it was found that the effectiveness of training depends on the energy of work and energy.

  2. Status in physical properties of coloured rice varieties before and after inducing retro-gradation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Itagi, HameedaBanu N; Singh, Vasudeva

    2015-12-01

    Three varieties of paddy in brown, red (non-waxy) and black (waxy) forms were de-husked and milled before and after inducing retro-gradation and their physical properties were studied. Normalized grain weight, porosity of parboiled paddy (PP) and its de-husked rice (DR), were high compared to their respective native. True and bulk density were lowest for black variety, its DR, its raw and parboiled forms compared to other varieties of paddy. Angle of repose increased from raw paddy to PP whereas it decreased from raw DR to parboiled DR. Under similar conditions of milling of DR, raw and parboiled milled rice of black variety was the darkest. Raw husk showed higher EMC compared to husk of parboiled. Hardness followed the pattern: Raw: Paddy (~230-280 N) > DR (~120-260 N) > Milled rice (~110 N); for parboiled: DR (~270-480 N) > PP (~260-425 N) > Parboiled milled rice (~250-340 N). Cooking time was high for DR of parboiled ones and least for waxy raw milled rice. Results of this study will be helpful in understanding the quality of pigmented rice cultivars, design and fabrication of some of the equipments in rice processing industry. PMID:26604348

  3. Status of the Gen-IV Proliferation Resistance and Physical Protection (PRPP) Evaluation Methodology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Methodologies have been developed within the Generation IV International Forum (GIF) to support the assessment and improvement of system performance in the areas safeguards, security, economics and safety. Of these four areas, safeguards and security are the subjects of the GIF working group on Proliferation Resistance and Physical Protection (PRPP). Since the PRPP methodology (now at Revision 6) represents a mature, generic, and comprehensive evaluation approach, and is freely available on the GIF public website, several non-GIF technical groups have chosen to utilize the PRPP methodology for their own goals. Indeed, the results of the evaluations performed with the methodology are intended for three types of generic users: system designers, programme policy makers, and external stakeholders. The PRPP Working Group developed the methodology through a series of demonstration and case studies. In addition, over the past few years various national and international groups have applied the methodology to inform nuclear energy system designs, as well as to support the development of approaches to advanced safeguards. A number of international workshops have also been held which have introduced the methodology to design groups and other stakeholders. In this paper we summarize the technical progress and accomplishments of the PRPP evaluation methodology, including applications outside GIF, and we outline the PRPP methodology's relationship with the IAEA's INPRO methodology. Current challenges with the efficient implementation of the methodology are outlined, along with our path forward for increasing its accessibility to a broader stakeholder audience - including supporting the next generation of skilled professionals in the nuclear non-proliferation field. (author)

  4. ECRH on ASDEX Upgrade - System Status, Feed-Back Control, Plasma Physics Results -

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Flamm J.

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available The ASDEX Upgrade (AUG ECRH system now delivers a total of 3.9 MW to the plasma at 140 GHz. Three new units are capable of 2-frequency operation and may heat the plasma alternatively with 2.1 MW at 105 GHz. The system is routinely used with X2, O2, and X3 schemes. For Bt = 3.2 T also an ITER-like O1-scheme can be run using 105 GHz. The new launchers are capable of fast poloidal movements necessary for real-time control of the location of power deposition. Here real-time control of NTMs is summarized, which requires a fast analysis of massive data streams (ECE and Mirnov correlation and extensive calculations (equilibria, ray-tracing. These were implemented at AUG using a modular concept of standardized real-time diagnostics. The new realtime capabilities have also been used during O2 heating to keep the first reflection of the non-absorbed beam fraction on the holographic reflector tile which ensures a well defined second pass of the beam through the central plasma. Sensors for the beam position are fast thermocouples at the edge of the reflector tile. The enhanced ECRH power was used for several physics studies related to the unique feature of pure electron heating without fueling and without momentum input. As an example the effect of the variation of the heating mix in moderately heated H-modes is demonstrated using the three available heating systems, i.e. ECRH, ICRH and NBI. Keeping the total input power constant, strong effects are seen on the rotation, but none on the pedestal parameters. Also global quantities as the stored energy are hardly modified. Still it is found that the central ion temperature drops as the ECRH fraction exceeds a certain threshold.

  5. Positive Modulation Effect of 8-Week Consumption of Kaempferia parviflora on Health-Related Physical Fitness and Oxidative Status in Healthy Elderly Volunteers

    OpenAIRE

    Jintanaporn Wattanathorn; Supaporn Muchimapura; Terdthai Tong-Un; Narisara Saenghong; Wipawee Thukhum-Mee; Bungorn Sripanidkulchai

    2012-01-01

    Health-related physical fitness declines as the age advances. Oxidative stress is reported to contribute the crucial role on this phenomenon. This condition is also enhanced by antioxidant. Therefore, we aimed to determine the effect of Kaempferia parviflora, a plant reputed for antifatigue, longevity promotion, and antioxidant effects, on health-related quality physical fitness and oxidative status of the healthy elderly volunteers. Total 45 subjects had been randomized to receive placebo or...

  6. Physical activity based intervention program on health, bone mineral density and fitness status for rheumatology patient over 60 years of age

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kopkáné Plachy Judit

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Study aim: regular physical activity is important both for the prevention of illnesses and for rehabilitation purposes because it has significant impact on the physical and mental health of the elderly. The purpose of this study was to assess whether two different half-year regular training programmes had positive effects on health dimensions, bone mineral density, and fitness status in population of women aged over 60 years.

  7. Fall Risk Factors in Community-Dwelling Elderly Depending on Their Physical Function, Cognitive Status and Symptoms of Depression

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Magdalena Sylwia Kamińska

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Falls are the leading cause of unintentional injuries and injury-related disability, morbidity and mortality in the geriatric population. Therefore, they may also lower quality of life. The aim of this study was to analyze the fall risk factors in the community-dwelling elderly depending on their physical function, cognitive status and symptoms of depression. The study involved 304 individuals aged 65–100 years with a mean age of 78.6 ± 7.4. This survey-based study was conducted using the Geriatric Environmental Inquiry, the Barthel Scale (BS, the Abbreviated Mental Test Score (AMTS, the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS and the Tinetti Test (TT. There was a statistically significant correlation between the BS, the TT and the incidence of falls (p < 0.05. The number of falls correlated significantly with the results of the BS (R = −0.39, the GDS (R = 0.18, and the TT (R = −0.40. A statistically significant correlation was also noted between the TT results and the results of the BS (R = 0.77, the AMTS (R = 0.40 and the GDS (R = −0.37. The incidence of falls may significantly increase in people with a lower functional status, which may be related to cognitive process disturbances and lower affective functioning. A comprehensive geriatric assessment, related to all aspects of advanced-age patients’ efficiency, is recommended. Fall prevention strategies should include actions undertaken to evaluate and treat depression and cognitive disturbances.

  8. Nutritional Quality of Breakfast and Physical Activity Independently Predict the Literacy and Numeracy Scores of Children after Adjusting for Socioeconomic Status

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Dea, Jennifer A.; Mugridge, Anna C.

    2012-01-01

    Health-related behaviors [physical activity (PA), nutritional quality of breakfast and sleep]; personal variables (self-esteem, attitudes to PA and gender) and socioeconomic status (SES) (school SES and parental education), were examined in relation to literacy and numeracy scores of 824 grade 3-7 children. Participants completed a questionnaire,…

  9. Are Physical Activity Interventions Equally Effective in Adolescents of Low and High Socio-Economic Status (SES): Results from the European Teenage Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Bourdeaudhuij, I.; Simon, C.; De Meester, F.; Van Lenthe, F.; Spittaels, H.; Lien, N.; Faggiano, F.; Mercken, L.; Moore, L.; Haerens, L.

    2011-01-01

    The aim was to study whether physical activity (PA) interventions in European teenagers are equally effective in adolescents of low versus high socio-economic status (SES). Based on a systematic review (Project TEENAGE), three school-based studies for secondary analyses were selected. SES stratified analyses were run in: (i) a Belgian…

  10. Vitamin D status is associated with cardiometabolic markers in 8-11-year-old children, independently of body fat and physical activity

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, Rikke A.; Dalskov, Stine-Mathilde; Sørensen, Louise B.;

    2015-01-01

    and physical activity in Danish 8-11-year-old children, using baseline data from 782 children participating in the Optimal well-being, development and health for Danish children through a healthy New Nordic Diet (OPUS) School Meal Study. We assessed vitamin D status as serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH...

  11. The role of daily physical activity and nutritional status on bone turnover in cystic fibrosis: a cross-sectional study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergio Tejero

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT Background Nutritional status and daily physical activity (PA may be an excellent tool for the maintenance of bone health in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF. Objective To evaluate the relationship between nutritional status, daily physical activity and bone turnover in cystic fibrosis patients. Method A cross-sectional study of adolescent and adult patients diagnosed with clinically stable cystic fibrosis was conducted. Total body, femoral neck, and lumbar spine bone mineral density (BMD were determined by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry and bone metabolism markers ALP, P1NP, PICP, and ß-CrossLaps. PA monitoring was assessed for 5 consecutive days using a portable device. Exercise capacity was also determined. Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D and vitamin K were also determined in all participants. Results Fifty patients (median age: 24.4 years; range: 16-46 were included. BMI had positive correlation with all BMD parameters, with Spearman’s coefficients ranging from 0.31 to 0.47. Total hip bone mineral density and femoral neck BMD had positive correlation with the daily time spent on moderate PA (>4.8 metabolic equivalent-minutes/day; r=0.74, p7.2 metabolic equivalent-minutes/day; r=0.45 p<0.001, body mass index (r=0.44, p=0.001, and muscle mass in limbs (r=0.41, p=0.004. Levels of carboxy-terminal propeptide of type 1 collagen were positively associated with the daily time spent on moderate (r=0.33 p=0.023 and vigorous PA (r=0.53, p<0.001. Conclusions BMI and the daily time spent on moderate PA were found to be correlated with femoral neck BMD in CF patients. The association between daily PA and biochemical markers of bone formation suggests that the level of daily PA may be linked to bone health in this patient group. Further research is needed to confirm these findings.

  12. Discovery of Bright Galactic R Coronae Borealis and DY Persei Variables: Rare Gems Mined from ASAS

    CERN Document Server

    Miller, A A; Bloom, J S; Cenko, S B; Silverman, J M; Starr, D L; Stassun, K G

    2012-01-01

    We present the results of a machine-learning (ML) based search for new R Coronae Borealis (RCB) stars and DY Persei-like stars (DYPers) in the Galaxy using cataloged light curves obtained by the All-Sky Automated Survey (ASAS). RCB stars - a rare class of hydrogen-deficient carbon-rich supergiants - are of great interest owing to the insights they can provide on the late stages of stellar evolution. DYPers are possibly the low-temperature, low-luminosity analogs to the RCB phenomenon, though additional examples are needed to fully establish this connection. While RCB stars and DYPers are traditionally identified by epochs of extreme dimming that occur without regularity, the ML search framework more fully captures the richness and diversity of their photometric behavior. We demonstrate that our ML method recovers ASAS candidates that would have been missed by traditional search methods employing hard cuts on amplitude and periodicity. Our search yields 13 candidates that we consider likely RCB stars/DYPers: n...

  13. A new bright eclipsing hot subdwarf binary from the ASAS and SuperWASP surveys

    CERN Document Server

    Schaffenroth, V; Drechsel, H; Heber, U; Wils, P; Oestensen, R H; Maxted, P F L; di Scala, G

    2013-01-01

    We report the discovery of a bright (V=11.6 mag) eclipsing hot subdwarf binary of spectral type B with a late main sequence companion from the All Sky Automated Survey (ASAS 102322-3737.0). Such systems are called HW Vir stars after the prototype. The lightcurve shows a grazing eclipse and a strong reflection effect. An orbital period of P=0.13927 d, an inclination of i=65.86{\\deg}, a mass ratio q=0.34, a radial velocity semiamplitude K_1=81.0 kms^-1, and other parameters are derived from a combined spectroscopic and photometric analysis. The short period can only be explained by a common envelope origin of the system. The atmospheric parameters (T_eff=28400 K, log g=5.60) are consistent with a core helium-burning star located on the extreme horizontal branch. In agreement with that we derived the most likely sdB mass to be M_sdB=0.46M_sun, close to the canonical mass of such objects. The companion is a late M-dwarf with a mass of M_comp=0.16 M_sun. ASAS 102322-3737.0 is the third brightest of only 12 known H...

  14. Comparison between 3-Nitrooxyphenyl acetylsalicylate (NO-ASA) and O2-(acetylsalicyloxymethyl)-1-(pyrrolidin-1-yl)diazen-1-ium-1,2-diolate (NONO-ASA) as Safe Anti-Inflammatory, Analgesic, Antipyretic, Antioxidant Prodrugs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chattopadhyay, Mitali; Velazquez, Carlos A.; Pruski, April; Nia, Kamran V.; Abdellatif, Khaled R.; Keefer, Larry K.

    2010-01-01

    Chronic inflammation is an underlying etiological factor in carcinogenesis; nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and their chemically modified NO-releasing prodrugs (NO-NSAIDs) are promising chemopreventive agents. The aim of this study was to conduct a head-to-head comparison between two NO-ASAs possessing different NO donor groups, an organic nitrate [3-nitrooxyphenyl acetylsalicylate (NO-ASA; NCX-4016)] and an N-diazeniumdiolate [NONO-ASA, O2- (acetylsalicyloxymethyl)-1-(pyrrolidin-1-yl)diazen-1-ium-1,2-diolate (NONO-ASA; CVM-01)], as antiulcerogenic, analgesic, anti-inflammatory, and antipyretic agents. All drugs were administered orally at equimolar doses. For antiulcerogenic study, 6 h after administration, the number and size of hemorrhagic lesions in stomachs from euthanized animals were counted. Tissue samples were frozen for prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), superoxide dismutase (SOD), and malondialdehyde determination. For anti-inflammatory study, 1 h after drug administration, the volume of carrageenan-induced rat paw edemas was measured for 6 h. For antipyretic study, 1 h after dosing, fever was induced by intraperitoneal LPS, and body core temperatures measured for 5 h. For analgesic study, time-dependent analgesic effect of prodrugs was evaluated by carrageenan-induced hyperalgesia. Drugs were administered 30 min after carrageenan. NO-ASA and NONO-ASA were equipotent as analgesic and anti-inflammatory agents but were better than aspirin. Despite a drastic reduction of PGE2 in stomach tissue, both prodrugs were devoid of gastric side effects. Lipid peroxidation induced by aspirin was higher than that observed by prodrugs. SOD activity induced by both prodrugs was similar, but approximately 2-fold higher than that induced by aspirin. CVM-01 is as effective as NCX-4016 in anti-inflammatory, analgesic, and antipyretic assays in vivo, and it showed an equivalent safety profile in the stomach. These results underscore the use of N-diazeniumdiolate moieties

  15. Challenges in converting an interviewer-administered food probe database to self-administration in the National Cancer Institute Automated Self-administered 24-Hour Recall (ASA24)

    OpenAIRE

    Zimmerman, Thea Palmer; Hull, Stephen G.; McNutt, Suzanne; Mittl, Beth; Islam, Noemi; Guenther, Patricia M.; Thompson, Frances E; Potischman, Nancy A.; Subar, Amy F.

    2009-01-01

    The National Cancer Institute (NCI) is developing an automated, self-administered 24-hour dietary recall (ASA24) application to collect and code dietary intake data. The goal of the ASA24 development is to create a web-based dietary interview based on the US Department of Agriculture (USDA) Automated Multiple Pass Method (AMPM) instrument currently used in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). The ASA24 food list, detail probes, and portion probes were drawn from the ...

  16. Socioeconomic Status and Physical Activity in Chinese Adults: A Report from a Community-Based Survey in Jiaxing, China.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mingling Chen

    Full Text Available This study examines the associations of socioeconomic status (SES with intensity of different types of physical activity (PA in Chinese adults, aimed at outlining and projecting socioeconomic disparities in PA among the population undergoing a rapid nutrition transition.A community-based survey was conducted among 3,567 residents aged 30-65 years old in Jiaxing, China, in 2010. SES and PA were assessed by a structured questionnaire. SES was assessed as socioeconomic index (SEI score based on self-reported educational attainment, household income and occupation. Metabolic equivalents (METs were calculated for each subject to quantify the total amount of PA from occupation, exercise, transportation and housework.Intensity of overall PA in this population was 165 MET-hours/week, in which energy expenditure in occupational PA accounted for 82%. Both types and intensity of PA were significantly different by SES: middle SES groups had higher intensity of occupational activities; lower SES subjects engaged in more household work; whereas higher SES subjects were more likely to exercise, more active during commuting and had longer sedentary time. All the three components of SES, education attainment, income and occupation, contributed to socioeconomic disparities in PA in this population.Our results suggest an overall insufficiency and socioeconomic inequalities in PA among Chinese adults in Jiaxing, a typical city experiencing a rapid urbanization in China. There is an urgent need to promote leisure-time activities in this population.

  17. Physical Activity Status and Position of Governmental Employees in Changing Stage Based on the Trans-Theoretical Model in Hamadan, Iran.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abdi, Jalal; Eftekhar, Hassan; Mahmoodi, Mahmood; Shojayzadeh, Davood; Sadeghi, Roya

    2015-01-01

    Physical inactivity is the fourth leading risk factor for death worldwide. Given the key role of employees as valuable human resources and increasing sedentary life style among them, the aim of this study was to evaluate physical activity status and position of governmental employees in changing stage based on the Trans-Theoretical Model (TTM) in Hamadan, Iran, in 2014.This descriptive-analytical study was performed on 1200 government employees selected using proportional stratified random sampling. Data collection was performed using a three-section questionnaire containing demographic characteristics, SQUASH (Short questionnaire to assess health-enhancing physical activity) questionnaire and Marcus et al's five-part algoritm. Data were analyzed by multiple linear and logistic regression, Chi-square, T-test and ANOVA using SPSS-20. The mean age of the participants was 38.12±8.04 years. About a half of the employees were in the preparatory stage of TTM.49.2% and 50.8% of the sample were classified as active and inactive, respectively .Associations between physical activity status and exercise stage of change were found. The associations between exercise stage of change and age, sex, work experience, education and marital status were significant (p<0.05). Work experience and education were strongly predictors of physical activity (PA) status and accounted for 31.2% of variance in PA (adjusted R2=0.312, R2 change=0.01). The results of this study showed that TTM was useful to evaluate and predict physical activity behavior among the Iranian governmental employees and can be utilized by health planners to inform appropriate intervention strategies, specifically in work place. PMID:26156899

  18. Present status and future expectation of muon nuclear physics. Collaborative researches of Sugimoto and Yamazaki groups and whereafter

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The collaboration with late Prof. K. Sugimoto was begun in 1974 at Berkley on muon experiments. Since then, the author has been involved in the construction and utilization of the facilities at KEK booster, TRIUMPF-M9 muon channel, RIKEN RAL muon facility and J-PARC MUSE. In this note, however, only the matters related to the fundamental physics of nuclei and elementary particles are reviewed. In section (2), 'Binding effects of negative muons' are taken up and general properties of negative muons are summarized. Then, in 2.1) magnetic moment data in the groundbreaking years of the collaborative research and recent data, in 2.2) re-polarization of the muonic atoms, and in 2.3) decay electron spectra are described. In section (3) of 'Negative muon nuclear absorption reactions', two urgent problems of 3.1.1) preparation and applications of radioactive 99Tc and 3.1.2) confirmation of the transmutation of the nuclear reactor waste are mentioned. In section (4) of 'Ultra-fine spectroscopic elementary particle physics of muon atomic levels', 4.1) laser spectroscopy of the negative muon hydrogen atoms, and 4.2) atomic spectroscopy of the positive muon antiproton atoms and CPT theorem are pointed out. In section (5) of 'Frontier measurements of muon fundamental physics', 5.1) ultra-low velocity positive muons and positive muon anomalous magnetic moment, and 5.2) ultra-low velocity highly polarized negative muons and negative muon anomalous magnetic moment are mentioned. In section (6) of 'Toward the new developments of the muon nuclear fusion', 6.1) Present status of research with two subsections and realization of the break even by strongly correlated muon catalyzed fusion, and 6.2) realization of break even by the strongly correlated muon catalyzed nuclear fusion are discussed. In section 7, other muon nuclear science, internal exploration and imaging radiography are picked up. Finally, three agenda are described not only

  19. Influence of age, menopause status, body mass index and physical activity on body composition and body fat distribution in midlife women

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wei Dai-min; Yu Qi; Zhang Ying; Chen Feng-ling

    2012-01-01

    Objective: To investigate the influence of age,menopause status,body mass index (BMI) and physical activity on body composition and body fat distribution in Chinese midlife women.Methods: The healthy women who underwent anniversary health checkup in Peking Union Medical College Hospital were recruited cross-sectionally.The level of physical activity was determined via International Physical Activity Questionnaire-Short in Chinese Version.The body composition and fat distribution were measured by dualenergy X-ray absorptiometry.Results: A total of 162 women with average age 52 years (40-62 years) were recruited.Multivariate linear regression analysis was performed to test the relationship between age,menopause status,BMI and physical activity and parameters of body composition and body fat distribution.The total fat tissue percentage was positively associated with BMI (standardized partial regression coefficient: b=0.70),menopause status (b=0.19,grading variables 1,2,3 were assigned to represent for reproductive group,menopausal transition group and postmenopausal group,respectively),and negatively associated with physical activity energy expenditure (b=-0.17) with model determination coefficient 0.55.Total body fat-free-tissue mass was positively associated with BMI (b =0.61),negatively associated with menopause status (b =-0.14) with model determination coefficient 0.39.The ratio of trunk fat-tissue mass/total body fat-tissue mass (Tr/T) was positively associated with BMI (b=0.32) and menopause status (b= 0.30) with model determination coefficient 0.20.After adjusted the effects of BMI,menopause status and physical activity,age was not significantly related with total fat tissue percentage,body fat-free-tissue mass,nor ratio of (Tr/T).Conclusion: Menopause impacts body composition and body fat distribution independently.During the process of female reproductive aging,body fat tissue mass and centrally distributed fat tissue mass increase,while body fatfree

  20. Fatty Acid Blood Levels, Vitamin D Status, Physical Performance, Activity, and Resiliency: A Novel Potential Screening Tool for Depressed Mood in Active Duty Soldiers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barringer, Nicholas D; Kotwal, Russ S; Lewis, Michael D; Funderburk, Leslee K; Elliott, Timothy R; Crouse, Stephen F; Smith, Stephen B; Greenwood, Michael; Kreider, Richard B

    2016-09-01

    This study examined whether blood fatty acid levels, vitamin D status, and/or physical activity are associated with physical fitness scores; a measure of mood, Patient Health Questionnaire-9; and a measure of resiliency, Dispositional Resiliency Scale-15 in active duty Soldiers. 100 active duty males at Fort Hood, Texas, underwent a battery of psychometric tests, anthropometric measurements, and fitness tests, and they also provided fasting blood samples for fatty acid and vitamin D analysis. Pearson bivariate correlation analysis revealed significant correlations among psychometric tests, anthropometric measurements, physical performance, reported physical inactivity (sitting time), and fatty acid and vitamin D blood levels. On the basis of these findings, a regression equation was developed to predict a depressed mood status as determined by the Patient Health Questionnaire-9. The equation accurately predicted depressed mood status in 80% of our participants with a sensitivity of 76.9% and a specificity of 80.5%. Results indicate that the use of a regression equation may be helpful in identifying Soldiers at higher risk for mental health issues. Future studies should evaluate the impact of exercise and diet as a means of improving resiliency and reducing depressed mood in Soldiers. PMID:27612362

  1. ASAS-SN 13cl : A Newly-Discovered Cataclysmic Binary with an Anomalously Warm Secondary

    CERN Document Server

    Thorstensen, John R

    2015-01-01

    The spectrum of the recently discovered cataclysmic variable star (CV) ASAS-SN 13cl shows that a secondary star with spectral type K4 (+- 2 subclasses) contributes roughly half the optical light. The radial velocities of the secondary are modulated on an orbital period P_orb = 4.86 hr with a velocity semiamplitude K = 246 +- 9 km/s, and the light curve shows ellipsoidal variations and an apparent grazing eclipse. At this orbital period, the secondary stars in most CVs are substantially cooler, with spectral types near M3. ASN-13cl therefore joins the small group of CVs with anomalously warm secondary stars, which apparently form when the onset of mass transfer occurs after the secondary has undergone significant nuclear evolution.

  2. Population-Based Estimates of Physical Activity for Adults with Type 2 Diabetes: A Cautionary Tale of Potential Confounding by Weight Status

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ronald C. Plotnikoff

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available At a population level, the method used to determine those meeting physical activity guidelines has important implications, as estimating “sufficient” physical activity might be confounded by weight status. The objective of this study was to test the difference between three methods in estimating the prevalence of “sufficient activity” among Canadian adults with type 2 diabetes in a large population sample (N=1614 while considering the role of weight status as a potential confounder. Our results revealed that estimates of physical activity levels vary by BMI categories, depending on the methods examined. Although physical activity levels were lower in the obese, their energy expenditure estimates were not different from those who were overweight or of a healthy weight. The implications of these findings are that biased estimates of physical activity at a population level may result in inappropriate classification of adults with type 2 diabetes as “sufficiently active” and that the inclusion of body weight in estimating physical activity prevalence should be approached with caution.

  3. Home environment relationships with children’s physical activity, sedentary time, and screen time by socioeconomic status

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tandon Pooja S

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Children in households of lower socioeconomic status (SES are more likely to be overweight/obese. We aimed to determine if home physical activity (PA environments differed by SES and to explore home environment mediators of the relation of family SES to children’s PA and sedentary behavior. Methods Participants were 715 children aged 6 to 11 from the Neighborhood Impact on Kids (NIK Study. Household SES was examined using highest educational attainment and income. Home environment was measured by parent report on a survey. Outcomes were child’s accelerometer-measured PA and parent-reported screen time. Mediation analyses were conducted for home environment factors that varied by SES. Results Children from lower income households had greater media access in their bedrooms (TV 52% vs. 14%, DVD player 39% vs. 14%, video games 21% vs. 9% but lower access to portable play equipment (bikes 85% vs. 98%, jump ropes 69% vs. 83% compared to higher income children. Lower SES families had more restrictive rules about PA (2.5 vs. 2.0. Across SES, children watched TV/DVDs with parents/siblings more often than they engaged in PA with them. Parents of lower SES watched TV/DVDs with their children more often (3.1 vs. 2.5 days/week. Neither total daily and home-based MVPA nor sedentary time differed by SES. Children’s daily screen time varied from 1.7 hours/day in high SES to 2.4 in low SES families. Media in the bedroom was related to screen time, and screen time with parents was a mediator of the SES--screen time relationship. Conclusions Lower SES home environments provided more opportunities for sedentary behavior and fewer for PA. Removing electronic media from children’s bedrooms has the potential to reduce disparities in chronic disease risk.

  4. Physical activity pattern, cardiorespiratory fitness, and socioeconomic status in the SCAPIS pilot trial - A cross-sectional study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lindgren, Martin; Börjesson, Mats; Ekblom, Örjan; Bergström, Göran; Lappas, Georgios; Rosengren, Annika

    2016-12-01

    Living in a low socioeconomic status (SES) area is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular events and all-cause mortality. Previous studies have suggested a socioeconomic gradient in daily physical activity (PA), but have mainly relied on self-reported data, and individual rather than residential area SES. This study aimed to investigate the relationships between residential area SES, PA pattern, compliance with PA-recommendations and fitness in a Swedish middle-aged population, using objective measurements. We included 948 individuals from the SCAPIS pilot study (Gothenburg, Sweden, 2012, stratified for SES, 49% women, median age: 58 years), in three low and three high SES districts. Accelerometer data were summarized into intensity-specific categories: sedentary (SED), low (LIPA), and medium-to-vigorous PA (MVPA). Fitness was estimated by submaximal ergometer testing. Participants of low SES areas had a more adverse cardiovascular disease risk factor profile (smoking: 20% vs. 6%; diabetes: 9% vs. 3%; hypertension: 38% vs. 25%; obesity: 31% vs. 13%), and less frequently reached 150 min of MVPA per week (67% vs. 77%, odds ratio [OR] = 0.61; 95% confidence interval [95% CI] = 0.46-0.82), from 10-minute bouts (19% vs. 31%, OR = 0.53, 95% CI = 0.39-0.72). Individuals in low SES areas showed lower PA levels (mean cpm: 320 vs. 348) and daily average MVPA (29.9 vs. 35.5 min), and 12% lower fitness (25.1 vs. 28.5 mL × min(- 1) × kg(- 1)) than did those in high SES areas. Reduced PA and fitness levels may contribute to social inequalities in health, and should be a target for improved public health in low SES areas. PMID:27413660

  5. PHYSICS

    CERN Document Server

    D. Acosta

    2010-01-01

    A remarkable amount of progress has been made in Physics since the last CMS Week in June given the exponential growth in the delivered LHC luminosity. The first major milestone was the delivery of a variety of results to the ICHEP international conference held in Paris this July. For this conference, CMS prepared 15 Physics Analysis Summaries on physics objects and 22 Summaries on new and interesting physics measurements that exploited the luminosity recorded by the CMS detector. The challenge was incorporating the largest batch of luminosity that was delivered only days before the conference (300 nb-1 total). The physics covered from this initial running period spanned hadron production measurements, jet production and properties, electroweak vector boson production, and even glimpses of the top quark. Since then, the accumulated integrated luminosity has increased by a factor of more than 100, and all groups have been working tremendously hard on analysing this dataset. The September Physics Week was held ...

  6. PHYSICS

    CERN Multimedia

    J. Incandela

    There have been numerous developments in the physics area since the September CMS week. The biggest single event was the Physics/Trigger week in the end of Octo¬ber, whereas in terms of ongoing activities the “2007 analyses” went into high gear. This was in parallel with participation in CSA07 by the physics groups. On the or¬ganizational side, the new conveners of the physics groups have been selected, and a new database for man¬aging physics analyses has been deployed. Physics/Trigger week The second Physics-Trigger week of 2007 took place during the week of October 22-26. The first half of the week was dedicated to working group meetings. The ple¬nary Joint Physics-Trigger meeting took place on Wednesday afternoon and focused on the activities of the new Trigger Studies Group (TSG) and trigger monitoring. Both the Physics and Trigger organizations are now focused on readiness for early data-taking. Thus, early trigger tables and preparations for calibr...

  7. PHYSICS

    CERN Multimedia

    P. Sphicas

    The CPT project came to an end in December 2006 and its original scope is now shared among three new areas, namely Computing, Offline and Physics. In the physics area the basic change with respect to the previous system (where the PRS groups were charged with detector and physics object reconstruction and physics analysis) was the split of the detector PRS groups (the old ECAL-egamma, HCAL-jetMET, Tracker-btau and Muons) into two groups each: a Detector Performance Group (DPG) and a Physics Object Group. The DPGs are now led by the Commissioning and Run Coordinator deputy (Darin Acosta) and will appear in the correspond¬ing column in CMS bulletins. On the physics side, the physics object groups are charged with the reconstruction of physics objects, the tuning of the simulation (in collaboration with the DPGs) to reproduce the data, the provision of code for the High-Level Trigger, the optimization of the algorithms involved for the different physics analyses (in collaboration with the analysis gr...

  8. ASA conference on radiation and health: Health effects of electric and magnetic fields: Statistical support for research strategies. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1990-05-01

    This report is a collection of papers documenting presentations made at the VIII ASA (American Statistical Association) Conference on Radiation and Health entitled Health Effects of Electric and Magnetic Fields: Statistical Support for Research Strategies. Individual papers are abstracted and indexed for the database.

  9. PE Teacher and Classmate Support in Level of Physical Activity: The Role of Sex and BMI Status in Adolescents from Kosovo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michal Bronikowski

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to examine the role of physical education (PE teacher and classmate support in relation to sex and BMI status in adolescents’ physical activity (PA in Kosovo. A Classmate and Teacher Support Scale (with additional questions was used on a cross-sectional sample of 608 girls and 620 boys aged 15–18, randomly selected from secondary schools of seven major municipalities in Kosovo. PA level was determined with a Physical Activity Screening Measure questionnaire. Descriptive statistics and a three-way ANOVA, along with Tukey’s HSD post hoc test, were employed. The findings showed the levels of teacher and classmate support to be important factors in stimulating adolescents’ PA. It was found that boys with normal weight, high support from teachers, and medium or high support from classmates were more physically active, compared with girls.

  10. PE Teacher and Classmate Support in Level of Physical Activity: The Role of Sex and BMI Status in Adolescents from Kosovo

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bronikowski, Michal; Bronikowska, Malgorzata; Laudańska-Krzemińska, Ida; Kantanista, Adam; Morina, Besnik; Vehapi, Shemsedin

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this paper is to examine the role of physical education (PE) teacher and classmate support in relation to sex and BMI status in adolescents' physical activity (PA) in Kosovo. A Classmate and Teacher Support Scale (with additional questions) was used on a cross-sectional sample of 608 girls and 620 boys aged 15–18, randomly selected from secondary schools of seven major municipalities in Kosovo. PA level was determined with a Physical Activity Screening Measure questionnaire. Descriptive statistics and a three-way ANOVA, along with Tukey's HSD post hoc test, were employed. The findings showed the levels of teacher and classmate support to be important factors in stimulating adolescents' PA. It was found that boys with normal weight, high support from teachers, and medium or high support from classmates were more physically active, compared with girls. PMID:26380268

  11. Soil chemical and physical status in semideciduous Atlantic Forest fragments affected by atmospheric deposition in central-eastern São Paulo State, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Lopes MIMS; Ribeiro Dos Santos A; Zuliani Sandrin Camargo C; Bulbovas P; Giampaoli P; Domingos M.

    2015-01-01

    The expansion of agricultural, urban and industrial areas in the São Paulo State (SE Brazil) led to the fragmentation of the original semideciduous Atlantic Fo­rest into small, patchy forest remnants. Anthropogenic activities produce a variety of pollutants affecting many ecological processes in these remaining fo­rest fragments through soil acidification and fertilization. In this study, we investigated the soil chemical and physical status of six forest remnants (Paulínia, Holambra, America...

  12. PHYSICS

    CERN Multimedia

    Submitted by

    Physics Week: plenary meeting on physics groups plans for startup (14–15 May 2008) The Physics Objects (POG) and Physics Analysis (PAG) Groups presented their latest developments at the plenary meeting during the Physics Week. In the presentations particular attention was given to startup plans and readiness for data-taking. Many results based on the recent cosmic run were shown. A special Workshop on SUSY, described in a separate section, took place the day before the plenary. At the meeting, we had also two special DPG presentations on “Tracker and Muon alignment with CRAFT” (Ernesto Migliore) and “Calorimeter studies with CRAFT” (Chiara Rovelli). We had also a report from Offline (Andrea Rizzi) and Computing (Markus Klute) on the San Diego Workshop, described elsewhere in this bulletin. Tracking group (Boris Mangano). The level of sophistication of the tracking software increased significantly over the last few months: V0 (K0 and Λ) reconstr...

  13. Monitoring of the physical status of Mars-500 subjects as a model of structuring an automated system in support of the training process in an exploration mission

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fomina, Elena; Savinkina, Alexandra; Kozlovskaya, Inesa; Lysova, Nataliya; Angeli, Tomas; Chernova, Maria; Uskov, Konstantin; Kukoba, Tatyana; Sonkin, Valentin; Ba, Norbert

    Physical training sessions aboard the ISS are performed under the permanent continuous control from Earth. Every week the instructors give their recommendations on how to proceed with the training considering the results of analysis of the daily records of training cosmonauts and data of the monthly fitness testing. It is obvious that in very long exploration missions this system of monitoring will be inapplicable. For this reason we venture to develop an automated system to control the physical training process using the current ISS locomotion test parameters as the leading criteria. Simulation of an extended exploration mission in experiment MARS-500 enabled the trial application of the automated system for assessing shifts in cosmonauts’ physical status in response to exercises of varying category and dismissal periods. Methods. Six subjects spent 520 days in the analog of an interplanetary vehicle at IBMP (Moscow). A variety of training regimens and facilities were used to maintain a high level of physical performance of the subjects. The resistance exercises involved expanders, strength training device (MDS) and vibrotraining device (Galileo). The cycling exercises were performed on the bicycle ergometer (VB-3) and a treadmill with the motor in or out of motion. To study the effect of prolonged periods of dismissal from training on physical performance, the training flow was interrupted for a month once in the middle and then at the end of isolation. In addition to the in-flight locomotion test integrated into the automated training control system, the physical status of subjects was attested by analysis of the records of the monthly incremental testing on the bicycle ergometer and MDS. Results. It was demonstrated that the recommended training regimens maintained high physical performance levels despite the limited motor activities in isolation. According to the locomotion testing, the subjects increased velocity significantly and reduced the physiological

  14. PHYSICS

    CERN Multimedia

    D. Futyan

    A lot has transpired on the “Physics” front since the last CMS Bulletin. The summer was filled with preparations of new Monte Carlo samples based on CMSSW_3, the finalization of all the 10 TeV physics analyses [in total 50 analyses were approved] and the preparations for the Physics Week in Bologna. A couple weeks later, the “October Exercise” commenced and ran through an intense two-week period. The Physics Days in October were packed with a number of topics that are relevant to data taking, in a number of “mini-workshops”: the luminosity measurement, the determination of the beam spot and the measurement of the missing transverse energy (MET) were the three main topics.  Physics Week in Bologna The second physics week in 2009 took place in Bologna, Italy, on the week of Sep 7-11. The aim of the week was to review and establish how ready we are to do physics with the early collisions at the LHC. The agenda of the week was thus pac...

  15. PHYSICS

    CERN Multimedia

    D. Futyan

    A lot has transpired on the “Physics” front since the last CMS Bulletin. The summer was filled with preparations of new Monte Carlo samples based on CMSSW_3, the finalization of all the 10 TeV physics analyses [in total 50 analyses were approved] and the preparations for the Physics Week in Bologna. A couple weeks later, the “October Exercise” commenced and ran through an intense two-week period. The Physics Days in October were packed with a number of topics that are relevant to data taking, in a number of “mini-workshops”: the luminosity measurement, the determination of the beam spot and the measurement of the missing transverse energy (MET) were the three main topics.   Physics Week in Bologna The second physics week in 2009 took place in Bologna, Italy, on the week of Sep 7-11. The aim of the week was to review and establish (we hoped) the readiness of CMS to do physics with the early collisions at the LHC. The agenda of the...

  16. International 7{sup th} ASA waste days. Mechanical-biological waste treatment - performance of MBT. Proceedings; Internationale 7. ASA-Abfalltage. Mechanisch-Biologische Restabfallbehandlung - Leistungsfaehigkeit der MBA. Tagungsunterlagen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Barth, Josef; Rohring, Daniel (comps.)

    2008-07-01

    Within the International 7th ASA Waste Days at 13th to 15th February, 2008, at the Congress Center Hanover (Federal Republic of Germany), the following lectures were held: (1) Climate change and resource protection (M. Stock); (2) Legal requirements for immission protection of thermal and biological waste treatment (U. Lahl); (3) MBT and requirements in Europe incl. the Integrated Pollution prevention and Control IPPC Guideline (B. Zambrzycki); (4) MBT in Italy - A case study for a successful introduction (A. Confalonieri); (5) MBT with dry digestion - Example of Pohlsche Heide aus Bassum (B. Schulte); (6) MBT with dry digestion - Example of MBT Hanover (B. Vielhaber, C. Nuelle); (7) MBT with percolation - Example of Kahlenberg (G. Person, M. Schreiber, G. Gibis); (8) MBT with tunnel and table windrows decomposition process - Example Havelland; (9) MBT with tunnel and table windrows decomposition process - Example Linkenbach (S. Kraus, T. Sterk); (10) MBS Mechanical Biological Stabilisation Process - Example Osnabrueck (C. Niehaves); (11) Complete Eco-efficient Material and Energetic Recovery of Dried Municipal Solid Wastes (M. Monzel); (12) MPS Mechanical Physical Stabilisation Process - Example Berlin (D. Michalski, A. Wendt, U. Buell); (13) Secondary Fuels - Pretreatment, Specialities, Requirements, Current Sales and Markets (S. Flamme); (14) Corrosion in Biological Waste Treatment Plants (K. Fricke, T. Thiel, T. Bahr, R. Wallmann); (15) Problems at the Operation of Plants with the RTO Exhaust Gas Treatment in the Frame of MBT Processes (O. Carlowitz, O. Neese); (16) Problems and Solutions with the Analysis and Emission Measuring According to AbfABIV and 30. BImSchV (K. Ketelsen); (17) Securing of a High Plant Availability by Self-Supporting Cleansing, Maintenance and Care Programmes - Example of MBT Plant Croebern (J. Burchert); (18) Fire Control - Conceptions, Safety Measures, Cause of Fires - Example of MBT Ennigerloh and MBT Vorketzin (M. Pahlenkemper, B

  17. PHYSICS

    CERN Document Server

    J. Incandela

    The all-plenary format of the CMS week in Cyprus gave the opportunity to the conveners of the physics groups to present the plans of each physics analysis group for tackling early physics analyses. The presentations were complete, so all are encouraged to browse through them on the Web. There is a wealth of information on what is going on, by whom and on what basis and priority. The CMS week was followed by two CMS “physics events”, the ICHEP08 days and the physics days in July. These were two weeks dedicated to either the approval of all the results that would be presented at ICHEP08, or to the review of all the other Monte-Carlo based analyses that were carried out in the context of our preparations for analysis with the early LHC data (the so-called “2008 analyses”). All this was planned in the context of the beginning of a ramp down of these Monte Carlo efforts, in anticipation of data.  The ICHEP days are described below (agenda and talks at: http://indic...

  18. PHYSICS

    CERN Multimedia

    Joe Incandela

    There have been two plenary physics meetings since the December CMS week. The year started with two workshops, one on the measurements of the Standard Model necessary for “discovery physics” as well as one on the Physics Analysis Toolkit (PAT). Meanwhile the tail of the “2007 analyses” is going through the last steps of approval. It is expected that by the end of January all analyses will have converted to using the data from CSA07 – which include the effects of miscalibration and misalignment. January Physics Days The first Physics Days of 2008 took place on January 22-24. The first two days were devoted to comprehensive re¬ports from the Detector Performance Groups (DPG) and Physics Objects Groups (POG) on their planning and readiness for early data-taking followed by approvals of several recent studies. Highlights of POG presentations are included below while the activities of the DPGs are covered elsewhere in this bulletin. January 24th was devo...

  19. Results of a 3-Year, Nutrition and Physical Activity Intervention for Children in Rural, Low-Socioeconomic Status Elementary Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    King, Kristi McClary; Ling, Jiying

    2015-01-01

    Improving children's nutrition and physical activity have become priorities in the United States. This quasi-experimental study evaluated the longitudinal effects of a 3-year, school-based, health promotion intervention (i.e. nutrition and physical education, classroom physical activity, professional development and health promotion for teachers…

  20. Physics

    CERN Document Server

    Cullen, Katherine

    2005-01-01

    Defined as the scientific study of matter and energy, physics explains how all matter behaves. Separated into modern and classical physics, the study attracts both experimental and theoretical physicists. From the discovery of the process of nuclear fission to an explanation of the nature of light, from the theory of special relativity to advancements made in particle physics, this volume profiles 10 pioneers who overcame tremendous odds to make significant breakthroughs in this heavily studied branch of science. Each chapter contains relevant information on the scientist''s childhood, research, discoveries, and lasting contributions to the field and concludes with a chronology and a list of print and Internet references specific to that individual.

  1. Making a Theist out of Darwin: Asa Gray's Post-Darwinian Natural Theology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Russell Hunter, T.

    2012-07-01

    In March of 1860 the eminent Harvard Botanist and orthodox Christian Asa Gray began promoting the Origin of Species in hopes of securing a fair examination of Darwin's evolutionary theory among theistic naturalists. To this end, Gray sought to demonstrate that Darwin had not written atheistically and that his theory of evolution by natural selection had not presented any new scientific or theological difficulties for traditional Christian belief. From his personal correspondence with the author of the Origin, Gray well knew that Darwin did not affirm God's "particular" design of nature but conceded to the possibility that evolution proceeded according to "designed laws." From this concession, Gray attempted to develop a post-Darwinian natural theology which encouraged theistic naturalists to view God's design of nature through the evolutionary process in a manner similar to the way in which they viewed God's Providential interaction with human history. Indeed, securing a fair reading of the Origin was not Gray's sole aim as a promoter of Darwinian ideas. In Darwin's theory of natural selection, Gray believed he had discovered the means by which a more robust natural theological conception of the living and evolving natural world could be developed. In this paper I outline Gray's efforts to produce and popularize a theistic interpretation of Darwinian theory in order to correct various misconceptions concerning Gray's natural theological views and their role in the Darwinian Revolution.

  2. VARIABILITY OF LUMINOUS STARS IN THE LARGE MAGELLANIC CLOUD USING 10 YEARS OF ASAS DATA

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Motivated by the detection of a recent outburst of the massive luminous blue variable LMC-R71, which reached an absolute magnitude MV = -9.3 mag, we undertook a systematic study of the optical variability of 1268 massive stars in the Large Magellanic Cloud, using a recent catalog by Bonanos et al. as the input. The ASAS All Star Catalog provided well-sampled light curves of these bright stars spanning 10 years. Combining the two catalogs resulted in 599 matches, on which we performed a variability search. We identified 117 variable stars, 38 of which were not known before, despite their brightness and large amplitude of variation. We found 13 periodic stars that we classify as eclipsing binary (EB) stars, 8 of which are newly discovered bright massive EBs composed of OB-type stars. The remaining 104 variables are either semi- or non-periodic, the majority (85) being red supergiants (RSGs). Most (26) of the newly discovered variables in this category are also RSGs with only three B and four O stars.

  3. A search for photometric variability in magnetic chemically peculiar stars using ASAS-3 data

    CERN Document Server

    Bernhard, K; Otero, S; Paunzen, E

    2015-01-01

    The (magnetic) chemically peculiar (CP) stars of the upper main sequence are well-suited laboratories for investigating the influence of magnetic fields on the stellar surface because they produce abundance inhomogeneities (spots), which results in photometric variability that is explained in terms of the oblique rotator model. CP stars exhibiting this phenomenon are normally classified as alpha2 Canum Venaticorum (ACV) variables. It is important to increase the sample of known rotational periods among CP stars by discovering new ACV variables. The ASAS-3 data were cross-correlated with the Catalogue of Ap, HgMn, and Am stars in order to analyse the light curves of bona fide CP and related stars. The light curves were downloaded and cleaned of outliers and data points with a flag indicating bad quality. Promising candidates showing a larger scatter than observed for constant stars in the corresponding magnitude range were searched for periodic signals using a standard Fourier technique. In total, we found 323...

  4. PENERAPAN ASAS UMUM PEMERINTAHAN YANG BAIK DALAM SISTEM PELAYANAN PERIZINAN SATU PINTU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dwi Haryati

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available This study will discuss the implementation of General Principles of Good Governance (AUPB in the One Stop Licensing System in the city of Yogyakarta. Some things that would be an important consideration in this study were changes to Local Government Law No. 22 of 1999 as Law No. 32 of 2004 and its consequence, the issuance of Government Regulation No. 84 of 2000 governing the organization’s guidelines in the area of technical authority in issuing permits and Ministerial Decree No. PAN 63/KEP/M.PAN/7/2003 On Implementation Guidelines for Public Service and Administrative Reform Decree No. 26/KEP/M.PAN/2/2004 About Help Technical Transparency and Accountability. Penelitian ini akan membahas penerapan Asas Umum Pemerintahan yang Baik (AUPB dalam Sistem Perijinan Satu Pintu di Kota Yogyakarta. Beberapa hal yang akan menjadi pertimbangan penting dalam penelitian ini adalah Perubahan UU Otonomi Daerah Nomor 22 Tahun 1999 menjadi UU Nomor 32 Tahun 2004 beserta konsekuensinya. Penerbitan Peraturan Pemerintah Nomor 84 Tahun 2000 yang mengatur tentang pedoman organisasi perangkat daerah dalam kewenangan teknisnya mengeluarkan ijin di daerah serta Kepmen PAN Nomor 63/KEP/M.PAN/7/2003 tentang Pedoman Penyelenggaraan Pelayanan Publik dan Keputusan Menteri Pendayagunaan Aparatur Negara Nomor 26/KEP/M. PAN/2/2004 tentang Petunjuk Teknis Transparansi dan Akuntabilitas.

  5. VizieR Online Data Catalog: ASAS 101538-5933.1 BV light curves (Berdnikov, 2013)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berdnikov, L. N.

    2013-04-01

    In the plate collection of the Harvard College Observatory, we have obtained 528 photographic magnitude estimates for the recently discovered long-period classical Cepheid ASAS 101538-5933.1 (P=51.4-days). Together with the published photoelectric and CCD observations, our data have allowed us to construct an O-C diagram spanning a time interval of 120 years. The O-C diagram has the shape of a parabola, which has made it possible to determine for the first time the quadratic light elements and to calculate the rate of evolutionary increase in the period, dP/dt=51.8(+/-4.8)s/yr or (dP/dt)/P=7.3(+/-0.7)s, in agreement with the results of theoretical calculations for the third crossing of the instability strip. The available data reduced by the method of Eddington and Plakidis reveal small random period fluctuations that do not distort the evolutionary trend in the O-C residuals. (1 data file).

  6. PHYSICS

    CERN Multimedia

    Chris Hill

    2012-01-01

    The months that have passed since the last CMS Bulletin have been a very busy and exciting time for CMS physics. We have gone from observing the very first 8TeV collisions produced by the LHC to collecting a dataset of the collisions that already exceeds that recorded in all of 2011. All in just a few months! Meanwhile, the analysis of the 2011 dataset and publication of the subsequent results has continued. These results come from all the PAGs in CMS, including searches for the Higgs boson and other new phenomena, that have set the most stringent limits on an ever increasing number of models of physics beyond the Standard Model including dark matter, Supersymmetry, and TeV-scale gravity scenarios, top-quark physics where CMS has overtaken the Tevatron in the precision of some measurements, and bottom-quark physics where CMS made its first discovery of a new particle, the Ξ*0b baryon (candidate event pictured below). Image 2:  A Ξ*0b candidate event At the same time POGs and PAGs...

  7. PHYSICS

    CERN Multimedia

    Guenther Dissertori

    The time period between the last CMS week and this June was one of intense activity with numerous get-together targeted at addressing specific issues on the road to data-taking. The two series of workshops, namely the “En route to discoveries” series and the “Vertical Integration” meetings continued.   The first meeting of the “En route to discoveries” sequence (end 2007) had covered the measurements of the Standard Model signals as necessary prerequisite to any claim of signals beyond the Standard Model. The second meeting took place during the Feb CMS week and concentrated on the commissioning of the Physics Objects, whereas the third occurred during the April Physics Week – and this time the theme was the strategy for key new physics signatures. Both of these workshops are summarized below. The vertical integration meetings also continued, with two DPG-physics get-togethers on jets and missing ET and on electrons and photons. ...

  8. PHYSICS

    CERN Multimedia

    D. Acosta

    2011-01-01

    Since the last CMS Week, all physics groups have been extremely active on analyses based on the full 2010 dataset, with most aiming for a preliminary measurement in time for the winter conferences. Nearly 50 analyses were approved in a “marathon” of approval meetings during the first two weeks of March, and the total number of approved analyses reached 90. The diversity of topics is very broad, including precision QCD, Top, and electroweak measurements, the first observation of single Top production at the LHC, the first limits on Higgs production at the LHC including the di-tau final state, and comprehensive searches for new physics in a wide range of topologies (so far all with null results unfortunately). Most of the results are based on the full 2010 pp data sample, which corresponds to 36 pb-1 at √s = 7 TeV. This report can only give a few of the highlights of a very rich physics program, which is listed below by physics group...

  9. Synthesis and hydrocracking performance of Y/ASA composite%Y/ASA复合材料的制备及加氢裂化性能

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孟庆磊; 刘百军; 盖有东; 何琳琳

    2012-01-01

    采用原位包覆技术制备了无定形硅铝(ASA)包覆Y型分子筛的Y/ASA复合材料.分别以Y/ASA复合材料和工业Y分子筛与ASA的机械混合材料Y-ASA为载体,Ni-W为活性组分,制备了两种负载型催化剂,并考察了两种催化剂的加氢裂化性能,通过XRD、SEM、吸附吡啶的原位红外光谱和N2吸附-脱附对载体和催化剂进行了表征.结果表明,Y/ASA载体和Ni-W/Y/ASA的总酸量较低,但强酸量和强弱酸比例均高于Y-ASA和Ni-W/Y-ASA,Y/ASA载体和Ni-W/Y/ASA催化剂拥有更大的介孔比表面积、孔容及平均孔径.正癸烷的加氢裂化反应结果表明,Ni-W/Y/ASA催化剂上正癸烷的转化率和中间组分(C5-9)收率比Ni-W/Y-ASA催化剂分别高7.6%和12.4%.%In-situ covering technology was used to prepare the Y/ASA composite material in which Y zeolite was covered around with amorphous silica-alumina ( ASA). Two kinds of supported Ni-W catalysts for hydrocracking of decane were prepared using Y/ASA and Y-ASA as supports, respectively. Y-ASA was a kind of mechanical mixture of industrial Y zeolite and ASA. The supports and catalysts were characterized by X-ray powder diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, infrared spectroscopy of pyridine adsorption and N2 adsorption-desorption. The results showed that, while there were less total acid sites on Y/ASA and Ni-W/Y/ ASA, there were more strong acid sites. The ratios of strong acid sites to weak acid sites of Y/ASA and Ni-W/ Y/ASA were higher than those of Y-ASA and Ni-W/Y-ASA. The average pore diameter, mesopore surface area and pore volume of Y/ASA and Ni-W/Y/ASA were larger than those of the comparative samples, respectively. The hydrocracking of decane over the Ni-W/Y/ASA catalyst revealed that the conversion and yield of middle-component (C5 -9) were improved by 7.6 % and 12.4 % , respectively, compared with that over Ni-W/Y-ASA catalyst.

  10. Vitamin D status is associated with cardiometabolic markers in 8-11-year-old children, independently of body fat and physical activity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Petersen, Rikke A; Dalskov, Stine-Mathilde; Sørensen, Louise B; Hjorth, Mads F; Andersen, Rikke; Tetens, Inge; Krarup, Henrik; Ritz, Christian; Astrup, Arne; Michaelsen, Kim F; Mølgaard, Christian; Damsgaard, Camilla T

    2015-11-28

    Vitamin D status has been associated with cardiometabolic markers even in children, but the associations may be confounded by fat mass and physical activity behaviour. This study investigated associations between vitamin D status and cardiometabolic risk profile, as well as the impact of fat mass and physical activity in Danish 8-11-year-old children, using baseline data from 782 children participating in the Optimal well-being, development and health for Danish children through a healthy New Nordic Diet (OPUS) School Meal Study. We assessed vitamin D status as serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) and measured blood pressure, fasting plasma glucose, homoeostasis model of assessment-insulin resistance, plasma lipids, inflammatory markers, anthropometry and fat mass by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, and physical activity by 7 d accelerometry during August-November. Mean serum 25(OH)D was 60·8 (sd 18·7) nmol/l. Each 10 mmol/l 25(OH)D increase was associated with lower diastolic blood pressure (-0·3 mmHg, 95 % CI -0·6, -0·0) (P=0·02), total cholesterol (-0·07 mmol/l, 95 % CI -0·10, -0·05), LDL-cholesterol (-0·05 mmol/l, 95 % CI -0·08, -0·03), TAG (-0·02 mmol/l, 95 % CI -0·03, -0·01) (P≤0·001 for all lipids) and lower metabolic syndrome (MetS) score (P=0·01). Adjustment for fat mass index did not change the associations, but the association with blood pressure became borderline significant after adjustment for physical activity (P=0·06). In conclusion, vitamin D status was negatively associated with blood pressure, plasma lipids and a MetS score in Danish school children with low prevalence of vitamin D deficiency, and apart from blood pressure the associations were independent of body fat and physical activity. The potential underlying cause-effect relationship and possible long-term implications should be investigated in randomised controlled trials. PMID:26382732

  11. The program "Psychodiagnostics" as a means of determining psychophysiological characteristics and functional status in physical education students.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kozina Zh.L

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available The characteristics of developed and tested by the authors of the program «Psychodiagnostics». The program is designed to determine the psycho-physiological characteristics, functional status and individual characteristics of higher nervous activity for processing visual information of varying difficulty. Determination of the structural features of the psychophysiological capacity and functional status can be used to create psycho-physiological models of students from different majors and sports to help students in the implementation of quick and correct choice of sports specialization.

  12. Exposure to partner violence and child behavior problems: a prospective study controlling for child physical abuse and neglect, child cognitive ability, socioeconomic status, and life stress.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yates, Tuppett M; Dodds, Michele F; Sroufe, L Alan; Egeland, Byron

    2003-01-01

    Previous research suggests an association between partner violence and child behavior problems. However, methodological shortcomings have precluded the formation of directional conclusions. These limitations include failure to control for the effects of child physical abuse and general life stress, employment of nonrepresentative samples from battered women's shelters, and reliance on a single contemporaneous reporter, usually the mother, for information on both independent and dependent measures. This study used prospective, longitudinal data (N = 155) and multiple informants to examine the relation between maternal reports of partner violence in the homeand teacher- and youth-report ratings of concurrent and prospective child behavior problems. Hierarchical multiple regression analyses were used to control for the effects of child physical abuse, child physical neglect, socioeconomic status, child cognitive ability, and life stress. The contribution of partner violence to child behavior problems was confirmed for boys' (n = 81) externalizing problems and girls' (n = 74) internalizing problems. Child developmental status at the time of exposure further influenced these relations. For boys, behavior problems in middle childhood were most strongly related to contemporaneous partner violence, whereas behavior problems among both boys and girls at age 16 were most strongly related to partner violence exposure during the preschool years. PMID:12848442

  13. PHYSICS

    CERN Multimedia

    the PAG conveners

    2011-01-01

    The delivered LHC integrated luminosity of more than 1 inverse femtobarn by summer and more than 5 by the end of 2011 has been a gold mine for the physics groups. With 2011 data, we have submitted or published 14 papers, 7 others are in collaboration-wide review, and 75 Physics Analysis Summaries have been approved already. They add to the 73 papers already published based on the 2010 and 2009 datasets. Highlights from each physics analysis group are described below. Heavy ions Many important results have been obtained from the first lead-ion collision run in 2010. The published measurements include the first ever indications of Υ excited state suppression (PRL synopsis), long-range correlation in PbPb, and track multiplicity over a wide η range. Preliminary results include the first ever measurement of isolated photons (showing no modification), J/ψ suppression including the separation of the non-prompt component, further study of jet fragmentation, nuclear modification factor...

  14. PHYSICS

    CERN Multimedia

    C. Hill

    2012-01-01

      The period since the last CMS Bulletin has been historic for CMS Physics. The pinnacle of our physics programme was an observation of a new particle – a strong candidate for a Higgs boson – which has captured worldwide interest and made a profound impact on the very field of particle physics. At the time of the discovery announcement on 4 July, 2012, prominent signals were observed in the high-resolution H→γγ and H→ZZ(4l) modes. Corroborating excess was observed in the H→W+W– mode as well. The fermionic channel analyses (H→bb, H→ττ), however, yielded less than the Standard Model (SM) expectation. Collectively, the five channels established the signal with a significance of five standard deviations. With the exception of the diphoton channel, these analyses have all been updated in the last months and several new channels have been added. With improved analyses and more than twice the i...

  15. PHYSICS

    CERN Document Server

    Darin Acosta

    2010-01-01

    The collisions last year at 900 GeV and 2.36 TeV provided the long anticipated collider data to the CMS physics groups. Quite a lot has been accomplished in a very short time. Although the delivered luminosity was small, CMS was able to publish its first physics paper (with several more in preparation), and commence the commissioning of physics objects for future analyses. Many new performance results have been approved in advance of this CMS Week. One remarkable outcome has been the amazing agreement between out-of-the-box data with simulation at these low energies so early in the commissioning of the experiment. All of this is testament to the hard work and preparation conducted beforehand by many people in CMS. These analyses could not have happened without the dedicated work of the full collaboration on building and commissioning the detector, computing, and software systems combined with the tireless work of many to collect, calibrate and understand the data and our detector. To facilitate the efficien...

  16. PHYSICS

    CERN Multimedia

    D. Acosta

    2010-01-01

    The Physics Groups are actively engaged on analyses of the first data from the LHC at 7 TeV, targeting many results for the ICHEP conference taking place in Paris this summer. The first large batch of physics approvals is scheduled for this CMS Week, to be followed by four more weeks of approvals and analysis updates leading to the start of the conference in July. Several high priority analysis areas were organized into task forces to ensure sufficient coverage from the relevant detector, object, and analysis groups in the preparation of these analyses. Already some results on charged particle correlations and multiplicities in 7 TeV minimum bias collisions have been approved. Only one small detail remains before ICHEP: further integrated luminosity delivered by the LHC! Beyond the Standard Model measurements that can be done with these data, the focus changes to the search for new physics at the TeV scale and for the Higgs boson in the period after ICHEP. Particle Flow The PFT group is focusing on the ...

  17. PHYSICS

    CERN Multimedia

    C. Hill

    2012-01-01

      2012 has started off as a very busy year for the CMS Physics Groups. Planning for the upcoming higher luminosity/higher energy (8 TeV) operation of the LHC and relatively early Rencontres de Moriond are the high-priority activities for the group at the moment. To be ready for the coming 8-TeV data, CMS has made a concerted effort to perform and publish analyses on the 5 fb−1 dataset recorded in 2011. This has resulted in the submission of 16 papers already, including nine on the search for the Higgs boson. In addition, a number of preliminary results on the 2011 dataset have been released to the public. The Exotica and SUSY groups approved several searches for new physics in January, such as searches for W′ and exotic highly ionising particles. These were highlighted at a CERN seminar given on 24th  January. Many more analyses, from all the PAGs, including the newly formed SMP (Standard Model Physics) and FSQ (Forward and Small-x QCD), were approved in February. The ...

  18. PHYSICS

    CERN Multimedia

    L. Demortier

    Physics-wise, the CMS week in December was dominated by discussions of the analyses that will be carried out in the “next six months”, i.e. while waiting for the first LHC collisions.  As presented in December, analysis approvals based on Monte Carlo simulation were re-opened, with the caveat that for this work to be helpful to the goals of CMS, it should be carried out using the new software (CMSSW_2_X) and associated samples.  By the end of the week, the goal for the physics groups was set to be the porting of our physics commissioning methods and plans, as well as the early analyses (based an integrated luminosity in the range 10-100pb-1) into this new software. Since December, the large data samples from CMSSW_2_1 were completed. A big effort by the production group gave a significant number of events over the end-of-year break – but also gave out the first samples with the fast simulation. Meanwhile, as mentioned in December, the arrival of 2_2 meant that ...

  19. Advanced Steganography Algorithm Using Randomized Intermediate QR Host Embedded With Any Encrypted Secret Message: ASA_QR Algorithm

    OpenAIRE

    Somdip Dey; Kalyan Mondal; Joyshree Nath; Asoke Nath

    2012-01-01

    Due to tremendous growth in communication technology, now it is a real problem / challenge to send some confidential data / information through communication network. For this reason, Nath et al. developed several information security systems, combining cryptography and steganography together, and the present method, ASA_QR, is also one of them. In the present paper, the authors present a new steganography algorithm to hide any small encrypted secret message inside QR CodeTM , which is then ...

  20. A Survey of Social Support Status for Persons with Physical Disabilities%肢体残疾人社会支持现状调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    兰继军; 刘悦; 赵辉; 杜娟; 吴靖萱

    2015-01-01

    Social support was defined as mental and physical support from social relationship. To understand the social support status and influence factors with physical disabilities, the survey investigated 83 persons with physical disabilities by questionnaires. Conclusions: (1) Social support scores of the people with physical disabilities were below the national average; (2) Marital status, gender, work status, disability level and education level were all influence factors on social support for the physical disabled. The countermeasure and suggestions of the research were as followed: (1) The basic social support system should be provide by their family members; (2) To establish a targeted and multi-level social support system; (3) To improve legislations related to healthcare, education, employment of the physical disabled; (4) To provide mental health service system.%社会支持是指个体从其所拥有的社会关系中获得的精神上和物质上的支持,这些支持能减轻个体的心理应激反应,缓解精神紧张状态,提高社会适应能力.为了解肢体残疾人社会支持现状及影响因素,对83名肢体残疾人进行了问卷调查.结果发现肢体残疾人社会支持的总分低于全国平均水平;婚姻状况、性别、工作状况、文化程度等均会对肢体残疾人的社会支持情况产生影响.研究提出的对策建议有优先利用肢体残疾人家属为其提供基础性支持;建立有针对性、多层次的社会支持体系;完善肢体残疾人医疗、教育、就业的相关法律法规;为肢体残疾人提供心理健康服务体系.

  1. Mental health starts with physical health: current status and future directions of non-pharmacological interventions to improve physical health in first-episode psychosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gates, Jesse; Killackey, Eóin; Phillips, Lisa; Álvarez-Jiménez, Mario

    2015-08-01

    People with psychotic disorders have reduced life expectancy compared with the general population. This difference is primarily due to increased prevalence of cardiovascular disease associated with antipsychotic drugs and with modifiable risk factors, including weight gain, low exercise, poor diet, and high prevalence of cigarette smoking. We review non-pharmacological interventions for physical health behaviour in patients with chronic and first-episode psychosis. Our findings suggest that weight loss and attenuation of weight gain are achievable but limited and might not persist beyond the end of an intervention. Evidence for smoking cessation interventions is scarce. The case for early intervention to prevent deterioration of physical health is strong. We propose a framework for development of interventions, which addresses three main factors largely absent in previous research: (1) examination of aetiological factors related to poor physical health, (2) theory-driven interventions that target aetiological factors, and (3) assessment of feasibility. PMID:26249304

  2. PHYSICS

    CERN Multimedia

    Christopher Hill

    2013-01-01

    Since the last CMS Bulletin, the CMS Physics Analysis Groups have completed more than 70 new analyses, many of which are based on the complete Run 1 dataset. In parallel the Snowmass whitepaper on projected discovery potential of CMS for HL-LHC has been completed, while the ECFA HL-LHC future physics studies has been summarised in a report and nine published benchmark analyses. Run 1 summary studies on b-tag and jet identification, quark-gluon discrimination and boosted topologies have been documented in BTV-13-001 and JME-13-002/005/006, respectively. The new tracking alignment and performance papers are being prepared for submission as well. The Higgs analysis group produced several new results including the search for ttH with H decaying to ZZ, WW, ττ+bb (HIG-13-019/020) where an excess of ~2.5σ is observed in the like-sign di-muon channel, and new searches for high-mass Higgs bosons (HIG-13-022). Search for invisible Higgs decays have also been performed both using the associ...

  3. PHYSICS

    CERN Document Server

    C. Hill

    2013-01-01

    In the period since the last CMS Bulletin, the LHC – and CMS – have entered LS1. During this time, CMS Physics Analysis Groups have performed more than 40 new analyses, many of which are based on the complete 8 TeV dataset delivered by the LHC in 2012 (and in some cases on the full Run 1 dataset). These results were shown at, and well received by, several high-profile conferences in the spring of 2013, including the inaugural meeting of the Large Hadron Collider    Physics Conference (LHCP) in Barcelona, and the 26th International Symposium on Lepton Photon Interactions at High Energies (LP) in San Francisco. In parallel, there have been significant developments in preparations for Run 2 of the LHC and on “future physics” studies for both Phase 1 and Phase 2 upgrades of the CMS detector. The Higgs analysis group produced five new results for LHCP including a new H-to-bb search in VBF production (HIG-13-011), ttH with H to γ&ga...

  4. PHYSICS

    CERN Multimedia

    C. Hill

    2013-01-01

    The period since the last CMS bulletin has seen the end of proton collisions at a centre-of-mass energy 8 TeV, a successful proton-lead collision run at 5 TeV/nucleon, as well as a “reference” proton run at 2.76 TeV. With these final LHC Run 1 datasets in hand, CMS Physics Analysis Groups have been busy analysing these data in preparation for the winter conferences. Moreover, despite the fact that the pp run only concluded in mid-December (and there was consequently less time to complete data analyses), CMS again made a strong showing at the Rencontres de Moriond in La Thuile (EW and QCD) where nearly 40 new results were presented. The highlight of these preliminary results was the eagerly anticipated updated studies of the properties of the Higgs boson discovered in July of last year. Meanwhile, preparations for Run 2 and physics performance studies for Phase 1 and Phase 2 upgrade scenarios are ongoing. The Higgs analysis group produced updated analyses on the full Run 1 dataset (~25 f...

  5. PHYSICS

    CERN Multimedia

    J. D'Hondt

    The Electroweak and Top Quark Workshop (16-17th of July) A Workshop on Electroweak and Top Quark Physics, dedicated on early measurements, took place on 16th-17th July. We had more than 40 presentations at the Workshop, which was an important milestone for 2007 physics analyses in the EWK and TOP areas. The Standard Model has been tested empirically by many previous experiments. Observables which are nowadays known with high precision will play a major role for data-based CMS calibrations. A typical example is the use of the Z to monitor electron and muon reconstruction in di-lepton inclusive samples. Another example is the use of the W mass as a constraint for di-jets in the kinematic fitting of top-quark events, providing information on the jet energy scale. The predictions of the Standard Model, for what concerns proton collisions at the LHC, are accurate to a level that the production of W/Z and top-quark events can be used as a powerful tool to commission our experiment. On the other hand the measure...

  6. Effects of socioeconomic status on physical and mental health of hemodialysis patients in Japan: differences by age, period, and cohort

    OpenAIRE

    Sugisawa, Hidehiro

    2016-01-01

    Hidehiro Sugisawa,1 Yumiko Shimizu,2 Tamaki Kumagai,3 Hiroaki Sugisaki,4 Seiji Ohira,5 Toshio Shinoda6 1Graduate School of Gerontology, J.F. Oberlin University, Machida, 2Faculty of Nursing, The Jikei University School of Medicine, Chofu, 3School of Nursing, Osaka City University, Osaka, 4Hachioji Azumacho Clinic, Hachioji, 5Sapporo Kita Clinic, Sapporo, 6Kawakita General Hospital, Suginami, Japan Study purpose: Whether or not socioeconomic status (SES)-related differences in the health of he...

  7. Association of psychological status and patient-reported physical outcome measures in joint arthroplasty: a lack of divergent validity

    OpenAIRE

    Giesinger, Johannes M; Kuster, Markus S.; Behrend, Henrik; Giesinger, Karlmeinrad

    2013-01-01

    Background Patient-reported outcome measures have become a well-recognised part of outcome assessment in orthopaedic surgery. These questionnaires claim to measure joint-specific dimensions like pain, function in activities of daily living, joint awareness or stiffness. Interference of the patient’s psychological status with these orthopaedic questionnaires however may make accurate interpretation difficult. Methods We recruited 356 patients after unilateral, primary THA or TKA and performed ...

  8. Relationships between cognition, depression, health status, mobility, physical activity and grip strength: what is important for physiotherapists?

    OpenAIRE

    Pinheira, Vítor; Alves, Daniela; Pires, Marília

    2014-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: The effects associated with aging may lead to changes in the functional status and cognitive ability, resulting in a set offunctional weaknesses and limitations, with consequent loss of mobility, autonomy and quality of life and a higher probability of anincrease of health problems. A better understanding of the factors that contribute to quality of life related to health can help physicaltherapists to select, to develop and implement strategies to promote the health of the e...

  9. Physics Overview

    OpenAIRE

    Kuang, Yu-Ping

    1999-01-01

    Recent developments of physics at the TeV energy scale, especially physics related to the electron-positron linear colliders are briefly reviewed. The topics include the present status of the standard model, Higgs physics, supersymmetry, strongly interacting electroweak symmetry breaking mechanism, and top quark physics.

  10. Comparison of Physical Fitness Status between Middle-aged and Elderly Male Laborers According to Lifestyle Behaviors

    OpenAIRE

    Yong, Mi-hyun; Shin, Joong-il; Yang, Dong-joo; Yang, Yeong-ae

    2014-01-01

    [Purpose] We sought to examine the relationship between lifestyle behavior and physical fitness in middle-aged and elderly laborers. [Subjects] In total, 2,469 male laborers between 45 and 64 years of age residing in eight cities in South Korea were studied between January and December 2007. [Methods] Age, height, and weight were evaluated as general characteristics. Lifestyle behavior items included exercise, dietary habits, smoking, drinking, and sleeping hours. Physical fitness was assesse...

  11. Risk of upper gastrointestinal bleeding in a cohort of new users of low-dose ASA for secondary prevention of cardiovascular outcomes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    LucíaCea Soriano

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available The Health Improvement Network UK primary care database was used to identify a cohort of 38 077 individuals aged 50–84 years with a first prescription of low-dose acetylsalicylic acid (ASA; 75–300 mg/day for secondary prevention of cardiovascular or cerebrovascular events during 2000–2007. From this cohort, 169 incident cases of upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB were identified. Controls with no UGIB (n = 2000 were frequency-matched to the cases by age, sex and follow-up time. A nested case–control analysis was performed to determine risk factors associated with UGIB. The incidence of UGIB was 1.1 per 1000 person-years (95% CI, 1.0–1.3. Low-dose ASA users with a history of peptic ulcer disease had an increased risk of UGIB compared with those without (rate ratio [RR], 4.59; 95% CI, 2.87–7.33. Concomitant use of ASA and clopidogrel (RR, 1.61; 95% CI, 0.85–3.05 or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs; RR, 2.92; 95% CI, 1.77–4.82 conferred an increased risk of UGIB compared with ASA monotherapy. Discontinuation of ASA therapy (RR: 0.71, 95% CI, 0.42–1.20 and PPI co-treatment given since the start of ASA therapy (RR, 0.56; 95% CI, 0.33–0.96 were associated with a reduced risk of UGIB. In conclusion, in a cohort of individuals receiving low-dose ASA for secondary prevention of cardiovascular or cerebrovascular events, patients with a history of peptic ulcer disease, or who were receiving clopidogrel or NSAIDs had an increased risk of UGIB. The prescription of PPI therapy at the initiation of low-dose ASA reduced the risk of UGIB by almost half.

  12. Fat Mass Centile Charts for Brazilian Children and Adolescents and the Identification of the Roles of Socioeconomic Status and Physical Fitness on Fat Mass Development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simonete Silva

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents fat mass centile charts for Brazilian youth and investigates the roles of socioeconomic status and physical fitness (PF on fat mass (FM development. Two northeast Brazilian samples were used: a cross-sectional sample of 3659 (1921 girls aged 8 to 16 years and a mixed-longitudinal series of cohorts (8–10, 10–12, 12–14, 14–16 years with 250 boys and 250 girls. A measure of somatic maturity was used as a marker of biological maturation; PF comprised agility, explosive and static strength, and aerobic capacity. Socioeconomic status was based on school attended; public or private. Slaughter’s anthropometric equations were used to estimate FM. Percentile charts was constructed using the LMS method. HLM (Hierarchical Linear Model 7 software modeled FM changes, identifying inter-individual differences and their covariates. Girls and boys had different FM percentile values at each age; FM increased nonlinearly in both girls and boys. Higher PF levels reduced FM changes across time in both sexes. Sex-specific non-linear FM references were provided representing important tools for nutritionists, pediatriciann and educators. Physical fitness levels were found to act as a protective factor in FM increases. As such, we emphasize PF importance as a putative health marker and highlight the need for its systematic development across the school years.

  13. Positive Modulation Effect of 8-Week Consumption of Kaempferia parviflora on Health-Related Physical Fitness and Oxidative Status in Healthy Elderly Volunteers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jintanaporn Wattanathorn

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Health-related physical fitness declines as the age advances. Oxidative stress is reported to contribute the crucial role on this phenomenon. This condition is also enhanced by antioxidant. Therefore, we aimed to determine the effect of Kaempferia parviflora, a plant reputed for antifatigue, longevity promotion, and antioxidant effects, on health-related quality physical fitness and oxidative status of the healthy elderly volunteers. Total 45 subjects had been randomized to receive placebo or K. parviflora extract at doses of 25 or 90 mg once daily for 8 weeks. They were determined baseline data of physical performance using 30 sec chair stand test, hand grip test, 6 min walk test, and tandem test. Serum oxidative stress markers including malondialdehde (MDA level and the activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD, catalase (CAT, and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px were also assayed. All assessments were performed every 4 weeks throughout the 8-week study period. The results showed that K. parviflora increased performance in 30-second chair stand test and 6 min walk test together with the increased all scavenger enzymes activities and the decreased MDA level. Therefore, K. parviflora can enhance physical fitness partly via the decreased oxidative stress. In conclusion, K. parviflora is the potential health supplement for elderly. However, further study is required.

  14. Positive Modulation Effect of 8-Week Consumption of Kaempferia parviflora on Health-Related Physical Fitness and Oxidative Status in Healthy Elderly Volunteers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wattanathorn, Jintanaporn; Muchimapura, Supaporn; Tong-Un, Terdthai; Saenghong, Narisara; Thukhum-Mee, Wipawee; Sripanidkulchai, Bungorn

    2012-01-01

    Health-related physical fitness declines as the age advances. Oxidative stress is reported to contribute the crucial role on this phenomenon. This condition is also enhanced by antioxidant. Therefore, we aimed to determine the effect of Kaempferia parviflora, a plant reputed for antifatigue, longevity promotion, and antioxidant effects, on health-related quality physical fitness and oxidative status of the healthy elderly volunteers. Total 45 subjects had been randomized to receive placebo or K. parviflora extract at doses of 25 or 90 mg once daily for 8 weeks. They were determined baseline data of physical performance using 30 sec chair stand test, hand grip test, 6 min walk test, and tandem test. Serum oxidative stress markers including malondialdehde (MDA) level and the activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) were also assayed. All assessments were performed every 4 weeks throughout the 8-week study period. The results showed that K. parviflora increased performance in 30-second chair stand test and 6 min walk test together with the increased all scavenger enzymes activities and the decreased MDA level. Therefore, K. parviflora can enhance physical fitness partly via the decreased oxidative stress. In conclusion, K. parviflora is the potential health supplement for elderly. However, further study is required. PMID:22899957

  15. Status of National Physical Fitness in Hainan and Its Change Law%海南省国民体质状况及变化规律研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    房殿生; 肖水平; 梁振成; 蒙丽华

    2012-01-01

    Based on the monitoring data on national physical fitness in Hainan in 2000, 2005 and 2010,the quantitatively and qualitatively analysis of the health status and physical exercise of children, adults, and the old people in Hainan province were performed. The results indicated that the national constitution was in good condition and presents a benign development state during 10 years; the physical development level of infants continued to grow; the obesity rate and physical strength ( grip strength and back strength) of adults and old people de-%以2000,2005和2010年海南省国民体质监测数据为研究对象,对海南省幼儿、青壮年、老年人的体质状况进行了定量统计和定性分析.结果表明:10年间,海南省国民体质状况良好,呈现出良性发展态势;幼儿身体发育水平持续增长,体质水平有所提高;青壮年和老年人肥胖率有所下降,力量指标呈下降趋势,主要体现在握力和背力指标上.

  16. Obesidade e sobrepeso em adolescentes: relação com atividade física, aptidão física, maturação biológica e "status" socioeconômico Obesity and overweight in adolescents: relationship among physical activity, physical fitness, biological maturity and socioeconomic status

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cláudia Figueiredo

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo relaciona atividade física (AF, aptidão física (AptF, maturação biológica e "status" socioe-conômico (ESE com as prevalências de risco ponderal de adolescentes. Foi desenvolvido no Concelho de Santo Tirso, região norte de Portugal e amostrou 961 alunos (463 meninos e 498 meninas com idades variando entre os 11 e os 18 anos. O índice de massa corporal foi utilizado para estabelecer o "status" ponderal com base nos pontos de corte propostos por COLE et al. A AF foi avaliada através do questionário de Baecke e a AptF com quatro testes da bateria Fitnessgram. O ESE foi estimado a partir do acesso aos escalões atribuídos pela Ação Social Escolar e a maturação biológica a partir do "offset" maturacional. A análise estatística foi efetuada nos "softwares" Pepi versão 4.0 e SPSS 18.0. O nível de significância foi mantido em 5%. Seis por cento dos alunos eram obesos e 19,5% tinham sobrepeso; meninos e meninas têm prevalências semelhantes de sobrepeso e obesidade. Os níveis médios de AF foram baixos a moderados independentemente do sexo ou "status" ponderal. Os meninos eram mais ativos que as meninas (p The aim of this study was to relate physical activity, physical fitness, maturation and socioeconomic status with the prevalence of ponderal risk in adolescents. This was a transversal study made in the Council of Santo Tirso in the north of Portugal. The sample consisted of 961students (463 boys and 498 girls, aged 11 to 18. Body mass index was used to establish ponderal status based on the cut points from COLE et al. Physical activity was evaluated by Baecke's questionnaire and physical fitness with four tests from Fitnessgram battery. Socioeconomic status was ranked according to the grades assigned by state school subsidies, while biological maturation estimation was based on maturational offset. Software programs Pepi version 4.0 and SPSS 18.0 were used for statistical analysis. The level of significance was kept

  17. PHYSICS

    CERN Document Server

    V.Ciulli

    2011-01-01

    The main programme of the Physics Week held between 16th and 20th May was a series of topology-oriented workshops on di-leptons, di-photons, inclusive W, and all-hadronic final states. The goal of these workshops was to reach a common understanding for the set of objects (ID, cleaning...), the handling of pile-up, calibration, efficiency and purity determination, as well as to revisit critical common issues such as the trigger. Di-lepton workshop Most analysis groups use a di-lepton trigger or a combination of single and di-lepton triggers in 2011. Some groups need to collect leptons with as low PT as possible with strong isolation and identification requirements as for Higgs into WW at low mass, others with intermediate PT values as in Drell-Yan studies, or high PT as in the Exotica group. Electron and muon reconstruction, identification and isolation, was extensively described in the workshop. For electrons, VBTF selection cuts for low PT and HEEP cuts for high PT were discussed, as well as more complex d...

  18. Changes in the physical status of the typical and leached chernozems of Kursk oblast within 40 years

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuznetsova, I. V.

    2013-04-01

    The changes in the physical properties of the chernozems in the Central Russian province of the forest-steppe zone (Kursk oblast) that took place from 1964 to 2002 are analyzed in relation to the corresponding changes in the agrotechnology, agroeconomy, and agroecology. Three periods of the soil transformation are distinguished. The first period was characterized by the use of machines with relatively small pressure on the soil and by the dynamic equilibrium between the physical state of the soils and the processes of the humification-mineralization of the soil organic matter. The use of power-intensive machines in the next period resulted in greater soil compaction with negative changes in the soil physical properties. At the same time, the physical properties of the chernozems remained close to optimum on the fields where heavy machines were not used. The third period was characterized by the use of heavy machines and by the decrease in the rates of the organic and mineral fertilizers and certain disturbances in the crop rotation systems because of the economic difficulties. The negative tendencies of the changes in the soil physical properties observed during the preceding period continued.

  19. [German patient version of the ASAS/EULAR recommendations for the management of ankylosing spondylitis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kiltz, U; Feldtkeller, E; Braun, J

    2010-03-01

    The evidence-based recommendations on the management of ankylosing spondylitis (AS) have enjoyed a high level of acceptance and circulation in Germany, as well as in other European countries. To make patient participation in the decision-making process regarding their disease easier, as well as to strengthen the physician-patient relationship, the ASAS and EULAR have set up an initiative to formulate a patient-friendly version of the recommendations, initially in English. In order that this lay version can also be used in German-speaking countries, a group predominantly comprising patients was formed to ensure that the German translation of this version has the broadest possible basis. In cooperation with the German (DVMB), Austrian (OVMB) and Swiss Morbus Bechterew Associations (SVMB), as well as the German Rheumatology League, patients from Germany, Austria and Switzerland with appropriate English skills were invited to a meeting in 2008. The aim of the translation was to leave the content unchanged while finding a level of speech easily understandable to the lay person. The translated text was considered as accepted when a minimum of 12 patients (>80%) gave their approval on the wording of the translation of individual recommendations in an open vote. The rheumatologist given the function of moderator was not entitled to vote. The level of approval for each recommendation was determined (0: no approval to 10: full approval). The 14 patients were able to translate the English patient version into German. Choice of words and style of speech were discussed intensively. Acceptance of the translation of the 10 recommendations was generally high. The content was clearly accepted with an approval rate of 8.4+/-1.6. This was the first time that patients, in cooperation with rheumatologists, have translated an international patient version on AS management into German under controlled conditions. The translation text was approved by the majority in terms of both form and

  20. Changes in the health status and functional outcomes in acute traumatic hand injury patients, during physical therapy treatment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rebecca John

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Traumatic hand injury causes chronic disability. A large number of studies have reported impairments in clinical parameters, but few studies have described their disability experience. Aims To examine the functional disability and quality of life in traumatic hand injured patients receiving physical therapy. Settings and Design: The physiotherapy department in a multi-specialty public sector hospital. Convenient sampling method was used. Materials and Methods: The 36-item short-form health survey-MOS (SF-36, v2 and disabilities of arm, shoulder and hand (DASH questionnaire were obtained and subjects were given physiotherapy, accordingly to their condition. Questionnaires were re-administered every month till discharge. Statistical Analysis Used: A One-way ANOVA test. Results: At end of 6 months, among eight subscales of SF-36, there is improvement in mean scores of physical functioning (39.1%. The bodily pain, general health, vitality, social function, and mental health had more than 100% improvement. DASH showed regression in disability (50.8%. Conclusions: Measuring quality of life (QOL can provide detailed assessment of physical disability and treatment effects as well as the global impact of those effects on the person′s daily life. Hence, the use of self-report questionnaires such as DASH and SF-36, combined with physical performance score, helps to achieve more comprehensive evaluation of outcome.

  1. Independent effect of physical workload and childhood socioeconomic status on low back pain among health care workers in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Marie Birk; Nabe-Nielsen, Kirsten; Clausen, Thomas;

    2013-01-01

    on LBP independently from CSES is still subject to controversy. METHODS: We used questionnaire data from 1661 female social and health care workers responding to a questionnaire in 2004, 2005, and 2006. We collected information on CSES (parental occupation), physical workload, and LBP-prevalence (no...

  2. Associations of health, physical activity and weight status with motorised travel and transport carbon dioxide emissions: a cross-sectional, observational study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Goodman Anna

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Motorised travel and associated carbon dioxide (CO2 emissions generate substantial health costs; in the case of motorised travel, this may include contributing to rising obesity levels. Obesity has in turn been hypothesised to increase motorised travel and/or CO2 emissions, both because heavier people may use motorised travel more and because heavier people may choose larger and less fuel-efficient cars. These hypothesised associations have not been examined empirically, however, nor has previous research examined associations with other health characteristics. Our aim was therefore to examine how and why weight status, health, and physical activity are associated with transport CO2 emissions. Methods 3463 adults completed questionnaires in the baseline iConnect survey at three study sites in the UK, reporting their health, weight, height and past-week physical activity. Seven-day recall instruments were used to assess travel behaviour and, together with data on car characteristics, were used to estimate CO2 emissions. We used path analysis to examine the extent to which active travel, motorised travel and car engine size explained associations between health characteristics and CO2 emissions. Results CO2 emissions were higher in overweight or obese participants (multivariable standardized probit coefficients 0.16, 95% CI 0.08 to 0.25 for overweight vs. normal weight; 0.16, 95% CI 0.04 to 0.28 for obese vs. normal weight. Lower active travel and, particularly for obesity, larger car engine size explained 19-31% of this effect, but most of the effect was directly explained by greater distance travelled by motor vehicles. Walking for recreation and leisure-time physical activity were associated with higher motorised travel distance and therefore higher CO2 emissions, while active travel was associated with lower CO2 emissions. Poor health and illness were not independently associated with CO2 emissions. Conclusions Establishing

  3. Photometric study and preliminary elements of the low-mass ratio W UMa system ASAS 021209+2708.3

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Francesco Acerbi; Carlo Barani; Massimiliano Martignoni

    2011-01-01

    We present CCD B and V light curves, obtained in the year 2006, and a photometric solution of the Iow-mass ratio contact binary ASAS 021209+2708.3.With our data we were able to determine six new times of minimum light and refine the orbital period of the system to 0.3181963 days. The light curves are analyzed using the 2003 version of the Wilson-Devinney program and the analysis was performed with and without adding a spot on the surface of one star because the light curves appear to exhibit a typical O'Connell effect, with Maximum I brighter than Maximum 11. The results show that ASAS 021209+2708.3 may be classified as an A-subtype W Ursae Majoris system with a small mass ratio q = 0.1889, a large over-contact degree of f=0.587, a very small difference between the component temperatures of △T = 53 K and an orbital inclination of i= 81°. It is known that deep (f > 50%), low-mass ratio (q < 0.25) overcontact binary stars are a very important resource for understanding the phenomena of Blue Straggler/FK Com-type stars. The formations of Blue Straggler stars and FK Com-type stars are unsolved problems in stellar astrophysics. One of the possible explanations for their formation is from the coalescence of W UMa-type overcontact binary systems. The absolute dimensions of ASAS 021209+2708.3 are estimated and its dynamical evolution is inferred.

  4. [Patient evaluation of the German version of the ASAS/EULAR recommendations for the management of ankylosing spondylitis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kiltz, U; Feldtkeller, E; Braun, J

    2008-12-01

    On the initiative of the ASAS (Assessment of SpondyloArthritis International Society) and EULAR (European League against Rheumatism), evidence-based recommendations for the management of ankylosing spondylitis (AS) were drawn up, with healthcare professionals as the target group for these recommendations. To facilitate patient participation in the decision-making process with regard to their disease, and to further improve the doctor-patient relationship, the ASAS and EULAR are working on a patient-friendly version of the recommendations.In order to establish to what extent the ASAS/EULAR recommendations, as translated by German experts, can be understood by patients, the recommendations for health care professionals, together with an evaluation form, was distributed to 105 delegates of the German society for ankylosing spondylitis (Deutschen Vereinigung Morbus Bechterew, DVMB). Responders were questioned on text comprehension and their level of agreement (0: not agree at all to 10: fully agree). Space was also provided for additional comments.In total, 59 delegates filled out the questionnaire (rate of return: 56.2%). For recommendation Nos. 1, 2, 5, 6 and 7, text comprehension was moderate. On average, the recommendations were positively assessed with 8.38+/-1.9. Recommendation No. 4 (non-pharmacological therapy) was given the highest agreement (9.54+/-1.02), while recommendation No. 7 (corticosteroids, 6.54+/-2.55) received the lowest agreement. The acceptance of the recommendation was high with 87.9% questions answered.For the first time, the German expert translation of recommendations for the management of AS patients was evaluated by patients. The present translation met with broad approval. To minimize text comprehension problems, patients should be involved in compiling a future patient version. PMID:19011877

  5. Theoretical physics department, june 96-may 98 status report; Service de physique theorique, rapport d`activite juin 1996 - mai 1998

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1998-12-31

    This status report presents the work done at SPhT (service de physique theorique, CEA) from june 96 to may 98. The topics have been classified into 3 themes: - statistical physics, - mathematical physics and field theory, - astrophysics, nuclear and particle physics. In the first theme relevant contributions have been made to phase transitions, correlated electronic systems, polymers, membranes, proteins, disordered systems and out of equilibrium processes. The second theme collects various works, some works dedicated to aleatory matrices and quantum chaos aim at developing investigation methods, other works like cord theories use these methods. As for the third theme, the recent discovery of the fluctuations of background cosmological radiation has fomented a great activity at SPhT. Mean field approximation and effective strength have been the starting point of research in the field of nuclear structure. High energy quantum chromodynamics has been applied to deep inelastic scattering where the proton structure is studied through electron-proton collisions. A list of all the publications made by SPhT is given. (A.C.)

  6. Analysis on Status of Disabled People's Physical Exercise%关于残疾人参加体育锻炼的现状分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周义平

    2012-01-01

      That disabled people take an active part in physical exercise is an important component for constructing a socialist harmonious society. This topic uses the status of disabled people's physical exercise as the research object, studies and analyzes it with the method of literature,questionnaire,and inte-rviews with experts and so on. The goal is to analyze the basic situation about their participation in physical exercise, provide reference for better development, and offer theoretical ground for better participation.%  残疾人积极参加体育锻炼是构建社会主义和谐社会的重要组成部分。本课题是以残疾人参加体育锻炼现状为研究对象,主要采用文献资料法、问卷调查法、专家访谈法等对残疾人参加体育锻炼的现状进行调查和分析。目的在于:通过调查分析残疾人参加体育锻炼的基本情况,为更好地开展残疾人参加体育锻炼提供参考;为残疾人更好地参加体育锻炼提供理论依据

  7. Status Report of the DPHEP Study Group: Towards a Global Effort for Sustainable Data Preservation in High Energy Physics

    CERN Document Server

    Akopov, Zaven; Asner, David; Avetisyan, Eduard; Barring, Olof; Beacham, James; Bellis, Matthew; Bernardi, Gregorio; Bethke, Siegfried; Boehnlein, Amber; Brooks, Travis; Browder, Thomas; Brun, Rene; Cartaro, Concetta; Cattaneo, Marco; Chen, Gang; Corney, David; Cranmer, Kyle; Culbertson, Ray; Dallmeier-Tiessen, Sunje; Denisov, Dmitri; Diaconu, Cristinel; Dodonov, Vitaliy; Doyle, Tony; Dubois-Felsmann, Gregory; Ernst, Michael; Gasthuber, Martin; Geiser, Achim; Gianotti, Fabiola; Giubellino, Paolo; Golutvin, Andrey; Gordon, John; Guelzow, Volker; Hara, Takanori; Hayashii, Hisaki; Heiss, Andreas; Hemmer, Frederic; Hernandez, Fabio; Heyes, Graham; Holzner, Andre; Igo-Kemenes, Peter; Iijima, Toru; Incandela, Joe; Jones, Roger; Kemp, Yves; van Dam, Kerstin Kleese; Knobloch, Juergen; Kreincik, David; Lassila-Perini, Kati; Le Diberder, Francois; Levonian, Sergey; Levy, Aharon; Li, Qizhong; Lobodzinski, Bogdan; Maggi, Marcello; Malka, Janusz; Mele, Salvatore; Mount, Richard; Neal, Homer; Olsson, Jan; Ozerov, Dmitri; Piilonen, Leo; Punzi, Giovanni; Regimbal, Kevin; Riley, Daniel; Roney, Michael; Roser, Robert; Ruf, Thomas; Sakai, Yoshihide; Sasaki, Takashi; Schnell, Gunar; Schroeder, Matthias; Schutz, Yves; Shiers, Jamie; Smith, Tim; Snider, Rick; South, David M.; St. Denis, Rick; Steder, Michael; Van Wezel, Jos; Varnes, Erich; Votava, Margaret; Wang, Yifang; Weygand, Dennis; White, Vicky; Wichmann, Katarzyna; Wolbers, Stephen; Yamauchi, Masanori; Yavin, Itay; von der Schmitt, Hans

    2012-01-01

    Data from high-energy physics (HEP) experiments are collected with significant financial and human effort and are mostly unique. An inter-experimental study group on HEP data preservation and long-term analysis was convened as a panel of the International Committee for Future Accelerators (ICFA). The group was formed by large collider-based experiments and investigated the technical and organisational aspects of HEP data preservation. An intermediate report was released in November 2009 addressing the general issues of data preservation in HEP. This paper includes and extends the intermediate report. It provides an analysis of the research case for data preservation and a detailed description of the various projects at experiment, laboratory and international levels. In addition, the paper provides a concrete proposal for an international organisation in charge of the data management and policies in high-energy physics.

  8. Status Report of the DPHEP Study Group: Towards a Global Effort for Sustainable Data Preservation in High Energy Physics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Akopov, Zaven [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany); Amerio, Silvia [Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN), Padova (Italy); Asner, David [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Avetisyan, Eduard [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany); Barring, Olof [European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), Geneva (Switzerland); Beacham, James [New York Univ., NY (United States); Bernardi, Gregorio [Lab. Nuclear Physics and High Energies (LPNHE), Paris (France); Bethke, Siegfried [Max Planck Institute for Physics (MPI), Munich (Germany); Boehnlein, Amber [SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); Brooks, Travis [SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); Browder, Thomas [Univ. of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI (United States); Brun, Rene [European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), Geneva (Switzerland); Cartaro, Concetta [SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); Cattaneo, Marco [European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), Geneva (Switzerland); Chen, Gang [Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), Beijing (China). Inst. of High Energy Physics (IHEP); Corney, David [Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC), Oxford (United Kingdom). Rutherford Appleton Lab. (RAL); Cranmer, Kyle [New York Univ., NY (United States); Culbertson, Ray [Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States); Dallmeier-Tiessen, Sunje [European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), Geneva (Switzerland); Denisov, Dmitri [Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States). et al.

    2013-03-27

    Data from high-energy physics (HEP) experiments are collected with significant financial and human effort and are mostly unique. An inter-experimental study group on HEP data preservation and long-term analysis was convened as a panel of the International Committee for Future Accelerators (ICFA). The group was formed by large collider-based experiments and investigated the technical and organisational aspects of HEP data preservation. An intermediate report was released in November 2009 addressing the general issues of data preservation in HEP. This paper includes and extends the intermediate report. It provides an analysis of the research case for data preservation and a detailed description of the various projects at experiment, laboratory and international levels. In addition, the paper provides a concrete proposal for an international organisation in charge of the data management and policies in high-energy physics.

  9. RACIONALIZACIJA ČASA MENJAVE ORODIJ ZA BRIZGANJE PLASTIČNIH MAS V PODJETJU ISKRA MEHANIZMI D.D. LIPNICA

    OpenAIRE

    Oblak, Tomaž

    2010-01-01

    Spremembe, ki so stalnica današnjega časa, nastajajo zelo hitro. S tem se tudi okolje, v katerem živimo, nenehno in zelo intenzivno spreminja. Takšemu okolju se morajo hitro in nenehno prilagajati tudi podjetja, če si želijo zagotoviti svoj dolgoročni obstoj. V diplomski nalogi je predstavljeno nekaj osnov o brizganju plastičnih mas in preoblikovanje sistema menjav orodij na strojih za brizganje plastičnih mas s pomočjo uporabe metode SMED. V nalogi so predstavljene prednosti, ki jih met...

  10. Estimation of the sensitivity and specificity of ASAS criteria for peripheral spondyloarthritis in patients with early psoriatic arthritis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. Yu. Loginova

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: to estimate the sensitivity and specificity of ASAS (Assessment of Spondyloarthritis International Society criteria for peripheral spondyloarthritis (SpA in patients with early psoriatic arthritis (ePsA.Subjects and methods. Examinations was made in 45 patients (17 men and 28 women with ePsA meeting the CASPAR (ClASsification criteria for Psoriatic ARthritis criteria (mean age, 37 years; disease duration, 1 year and in 20 patients (9 men and 11 women with signs of peripheral SpA meeting the ESSG (European Spondyloarthropathy Study Group criteria (mean age, 23 years; disease duration, 2.25 years; control group. The investigators estimated 78/76 tender/swollen joints and enthuses using MASES (Maastricht Ankylosing Spondylitis Enthesitis Score and assessed the presence of inflammatory spinal pain according to the ASAS criteria, psoriasis, uveitis, inflammatory bowel diseases, genitourinary and/or enteric infections, and a family history of SpA. They also performed X-ray studies of the hand and distal portions of the foot and pelvis and graded sacroilitis using the Kellgren scores. HLA-B27, C-reactive protein, and erythrocyte sedimentation rate were determined. The sensitivity/specificity, likelihood ratios, and clinical value of criteria were calculated.Results. 41/4 and 31/14 patents with ePsA met/unmet Criteria Sets I and II. The sensitivity/specificity of Sets I and II was 91.1/10% and 68.8/95%, respectively. One patient with ePsA and two patients in the control group did not meet one of the sing sets. The total sensitivity/specificity was 97.8/10%. In the control group, the sensitivity/specificity of Sets I and II was 91.1/100% and 68.8/100%, respectively. For ePsA, the positive likelihood ratio proved to be high for Set II (13.78% and low for Set I (1.01.Conclusion. ASAS Criteria Set I for peripheral SpA is of low value in identifying ePsA and Sign Set II shows a high value in diagnosing ePsA as it includes the major clinical

  11. Psychometric Factors Affecting Female Employees Physical Activity Status: Applying Trans-Theoretical Model and Theory of Planned Behavior

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Shafieinia

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction & Objective: Sedentary women are at risk for problems such as obesity, diabetes, depression and cardiovascular disease. Meanwhile, due to long working hours and excessive travel time from home to work and vice versa the employees have minimal physical activity .The purpose of this study was to investigate the effective psychometric factors on physical activity of female employees, according to the Trans-theoretical Model and theory of planned behavior. Materials & Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 95 female staff of Tehran University was selected through a call. In order to collect data, a questionnaire with acceptable, reliability and validity, including demographic data, and constructs of planned behavior theory as well as Trans-theoretical Model was used. The data was analyzed using SPSS version 21 statisti-cal tests; correlation and stepwise regression were also performed. Results: In this study, 72% of the population was in the inactive stages (pre-contemplation, contemplation and preparation and only 28% of patients had regular physical activity. There was a significant positive correlation between the behavioral intention and attitude scores (P = 0.02, perceived behavioral control (P = 0.000, self-efficacy (P = 0.000 and stage of change (P = 0.000, but subjective norms score (P = 0.605 was irrelevant. Conclusion: The results of this study showed that self-efficacy and perceived behavioral con-trol can affect female employees’ intention and physical activity behaviors. So, the authori-ties should seriously consider these factors in educational planning for this stratum of society, remove barriers for the participation of more employees in sporting activities, and offer fa-cilitators at the community level. (Sci J Hamadan Univ Med Sci 2015; 21(4:350-359

  12. The Relationship Between Lower Limb Bone and Muscle in Military Recruits, Response to Physical Training, and Influence of Smoking Status

    OpenAIRE

    Puthucheary, Z; Kordi, M.; Rawal, J.; Eleftheriou, K I; Payne, J.; Montgomery, H. E.

    2015-01-01

    The relationship between bone and skeletal muscle mass may be affected by physical training. No studies have prospectively examined the bone and skeletal muscle responses to a short controlled exercise-training programme. We hypothesised that a short exercise-training period would affect muscle and bone mass together. Methods: Femoral bone and Rectus femoris Volumes (RFVOL) were determined by magnetic resonance imaging in 215 healthy army recruits, and bone mineral density (BMD) by Dual X-Ray...

  13. Present status and progress of safeguards activities and physical protection on the eve of year 2000 in Bulgaria

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    From the very beginning of the IAEA safeguards implementation in Bulgaria, up to now the IAEA inspections verified no deviations or uncertainties in accounting of the nuclear materials. According to the official IAEA reports Bulgaria has fulfilled completely its duties under the safeguards and the Non-proliferation Treaty and has fully assisted the IAEA inspection activity. As for the physical protection, the complicated up-to-date system was established contributing to the safety of Kozloduy NPP and the plant operation

  14. Regular Physical Exercise as a Strategy to Improve Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Status: Benefits in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

    OpenAIRE

    Edite Teixeira de Lemos; Jorge Oliveira; João Páscoa Pinheiro; Flávio Reis

    2012-01-01

    Over the last 30 years the combination of both a sedentary lifestyle and excessive food availability has led to a significant increase in the prevalence of obesity and aggravation of rates of metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Several lines of scientific evidence have been demonstrating that a low level of physical activity and decreased daily energy expenditure leads to the accumulation of visceral fat and, consequently, the activation of the oxidative stress/inflammatio...

  15. Double-blind, placebo-controlled evaluation of 5-ASA suppositories in active distal proctitis and measurement of extent of spread using /sup 99m/Tc-labeled 5-ASA suppositories

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Patients with active distal proctitis received either 5-aminosalicylic (5-ASA) acid or identical placebo suppositories, 500 mg t.i.d. for 6 weeks. Activity at 3 and 6 wks was assessed using a Disease Activity Index (DAI), derived from four categories: number of daily evacuations more than usual, evacuations containing blood, sigmoidoscopy appearance, and physician's overall assessment. Each category was graded 0-3. There was thus 0-12 points scored ranging from complete remission to severe disease. A minimum score of 3 from two categories was necessary for study entry. Of 27 patients randomized, 14 received active medication and 13 placebo. Of the 14 patients, with initial mean DAI 7.1 +/- 1.8, 11 were in complete remission at 6 wks (78.6%). Whereas, there was no significant change in the placebo group, with initial mean DAI 7.1 +/- 1.8. An additional 6 patients with inflammatory bowel disease and 6 healthy volunteers were given /sup 99m/Tc-labelled 5-aminosalicylic acid suppositories. The extent of spread was limited to the rectum, and the suppositories were retained for 3 hours. There was no absorbed radioactivity. 5-ASA suppositories are safe, well-tolerated, and effective treatment for active distal proctitis

  16. Frequent Physical Health Monitoring as Vital Signs with Psychological Status Monitoring for Search and Rescue of Handicapped, Diseased and Eldery Persons

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kohei Arai

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Method and system for frequent health monitoring as vital signs with psycholo9gical status monitoring for search and rescue of handicapped person is proposed. Heart beat pulse rate, body temperature, blood pressure, blesses and consciousness is well known vital signs. In particular for Alzheimer diseased persons, handicapped peoples, etc. it is very important to monitor vital signs in particular in the event of evacuation from disaster occurred areas together with location and attitude information. Then such persons who need help for evacuation can be survived. Through experiments wearing the proposed sensors with three normal persons including male and female, young and elder persons and one diseased person, it is found that the proposed system is useful. It is also found that the proposed system can be used for frequent health condition monitoring. Furthermore, physical health monitoring error due to psychological condition can be corrected with the proposed system.

  17. Built environment score related to leisure-time physical activity: application in a region of low socioeconomic status. http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/1980-0037.2013v15n2p243

    OpenAIRE

    Emanuel Péricles Salvador; Vanessa Valente Guimarães; Leandro Martin Totaro Garcia; Alex Antonio Florindo; Homero Fonseca; Rodrigo Siqueira Reis; José Cazuza Farias Júnior

    2013-01-01

    There is little evidence on the relationship between leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) and built environment in Brazil, especially in areas of low socioeconomic status. The objective of this study was to describe indicators of built environment score related to LTPA for adults living in a region of low socioeconomic status. We conducted a cross-sectional study of 767 adults living in Ermelino Matarazzo district in São Paulo, 2007. The dependent variable was the practice of LTPA (in minute...

  18. Physical activity, screen time and obesity status in a nationally representative sample of Maltese youth with international comparisons

    OpenAIRE

    Decelis, Andrew; Jago, Russell; Fox, Kenneth R.

    2014-01-01

    Background There is some evidence that physical activity (PA), sedentary time and screen time (ST) are associated with childhood obesity, but research is inconclusive and studies are mainly based on self-reported data. The literature is dominated by data from North American countries and there is a shortage of objective data from Malta which has one of the highest prevalences of childhood obesity in the world. The aims of this study were to assess the PA levels and ST patterns of Maltese boys...

  19. Achievements, current status and prospects for Russian-American cooperation in nuclear material physical protection, control and accounting - 1998

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The process of upgrading the material physical protection, control and accounting systems is an ongoing and long-term process that consists of modernization measuring equipment and methodologies, improving, data exchange and processing technologies, and improving administrative procedures. The positive results that was already achieved form a foundation upon which this collaboration may extend into other new and important areas, such as - the second and third lines of defence, which are directed toward countering illegal trafficking not only in nuclear materials, but in other hazardous substances that constitute a threat to the nuclear sites and national security of the countries

  20. An Investigation and Analysis of the Status Quo of the Old People's Physical Exercise in Haikou City%海口市老年人体育锻炼的现状调查与分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈猛醒; 金德阳

    2012-01-01

    In this study, literature review and mathematical statistics are used to investigate and analyze the status quo of the old people participating in physical exercise in Haikou city. The results show that the status quo of old people' s physical exercise is influenced by such factors as politics, economic and cultural levels in the local areas. This paper also puts forward some suggestions according to the status quo and characteristics of their physical exercise.%对海口市老年人参与体育锻炼的现状进行了调查分析.研究结果表明,老年人体育开展状况受其所在地区政治、经济和文化发展水平等多方面因素的影响,本研究同时针对其体育锻炼的现状和特点,提出建议.

  1. The effects of ball possession status on physical and technical indicators during the 2014 FIFA World Cup Finals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    da Mota, Gustavo Ribeiro; Thiengo, Carlos Rogério; Gimenes, Samuel Valencia; Bradley, Paul S

    2016-01-01

    This study examined the effect of high- (HPBPT) and low-percentage ball possession (LPBPT) on physical and technical indicators during 2014 FIFA World Cup matches. This would enable a regression model to be constructed to further understand the impact of different ball possession (BP) strategies on match performance. Data were collected from 346 international soccer players using a multiple-camera computerised tracking system. Although players in HPBPT covered lower distances (P 0.05) at medium and high speeds. Players in LPBPT covered more distance without BP but less with BP than HPBPT (P < 0.01; ES large). All positions in LPBPT spent less time in the opposing half and attacking third than the players in HPBPT (P < 0.01; ES small-moderate), but all positions in HPBPT completed more short and medium passes than LPBPT (P < 0.01; ES moderate). Players in HPBPT produced more solo runs into the attacking third and penalty area than LPBPT (P < 0.05, ES small). The equation to predict BP from physical and technical indicators highlighted the importance of distances covered (total, with and without BP), time spent in the attacking third and successful short passes during matches. In practical terms, high or low BP does not influence the activity patterns of international matches although HPBPT spend more time in offensive areas of the pitch. PMID:26703781

  2. Present status and future prospect of the ultra-high intensity physics experiments and high-energy ion generation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Recently, ultra-high intensity short pulse lasers have been applied to the fields of hard x-ray generation and high energy particle generation [1, 2]. The essence of the laser-produced plasma is that a laser can feed its ultra-high energy density into the matter via the ponderomotive heating of electrons. Then the electron energy is transferred into the atoms and ions, which include excitation, ionization by collisions. The electron energy is also converted into the energy of energetic ions by electro-static potential driven by charge separation field which is caused by electron ejection from a plasma. Subsequently, high flux few tens of MeV x-ray can drive nuclear reactions, which open up the new fields of plasma physics and applications. The ultra-high intensity short pulse lasers will also contribute to the cancer therapy as a source of energetic particles. We are now characterizing laser-driven ion source [3] in collaboration with several domestic Institutes and Universities. The basic laser-plasma interaction study with a practical point of view opens up the new attractive fields not only the practical applications but also the new aspects of the basic sciences such as control of a high temperature and high-density relativistic plasma. The high intensity physics experiments of this project are schematically shown in Fig. 1. (author)

  3. 青少年身心发展状况及趋势分析%Physical and psychological development status and trend analysis among adolescents

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐永云; 潘尧云; 张财; 臧渝梨

    2011-01-01

    Objective: To describe the physical and psychological development status of adolescents, explore the differences of physical development and psychological development of adolescents at different age stages, provide a basis for health education targeting to adolescents at different age stages. Methods: Adolescents pubertal development and psychosocial development questionnaire were used to investigate 510 young students, their pubertal development and psychosocial development status were understood. Results: The physical development scores of boys and girls were (12. 5 ± 3. 57) and (11.4 ±2. 90), respectively, which increased and tended to stable with age; 80. 4% of the boys were in medium and late periods of puberty, and 83. 4% of the girls were in late period of puberty, the sexual development of girls was earlier than that of boys; the psychosocial development scores of boys and girls were (76. 2 ±37. 42) and (69. 0 ±32. 85) , respectively, there was significant difference between boys and girls, the psychosocial development score increased first and then decreased with age, the score of senior high school adolescents in Grade One was the highest, the psychological status of boys was inferior to that of girls; there was a mild negative correlation between physical development and psychological development. Conclusion: Physical development and psychological development of adolescents during puberty follow certain rules, educators and health workers should conduct health education according to the rules, more attention should be paid to them during the stage that changed evidently.%目的:描述青少年身心发展状况,探讨青少年不同年龄阶段生理发育和心理发展的差异,为针对不同年龄阶段的青少年的健康教育提供依据.方法:采用“青少年青春期发育与心理社会发展问卷”对510名青少年学生进行调查,了解其青春期发育及心理社会发展状况.结果:生理方面,男孩得分为(12.5±3.57)

  4. TAIGA the Tunka Advanced Instrument for cosmic ray physics and Gamma Astronomy — present status and perspectives

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    TAIGA stands for ''Tunka Advanced Instrument for cosmic ray physics and Gamma Astronomy'' and is a project to built a complex, hybrid detector system for ground-based gamma-ray astronomy from a few TeV to several PeV, and for cosmic ray studies from 100 TeV to 1 EeV. TAIGA will search for ''PeVatrons'' (ultra-high energy gamma-ray sources) and measure the composition and spectrum of cosmic rays in the knee region (100 TeV–10 PeV) with good energy resolution and high statistics. TAIGA will include Tunka-HiSCORE — an array of wide-angle air Cherenkov stations, an array of Imaging Atmospheric Cherenkov Telescopes, an array of particle detectors, both on the surface and underground and the TUNKA-133 air Cherenkov array

  5. On-line measurement center of the Laboratory of neutrop physics. Present status and prospects of development

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    On-line measurement center of the JINR Laboratory of neutron physics intended for performing investigations at the IBR-30 and the IBR-2 pulse reactors is described. The PD P-11/70 computer is used as a central processor. The electronic equipment is realized in the CAMAC standard. The central computer terminal network is described. The methods of organizing computer spectrometric information storage are shown. For initiation of experiment programs the technological complex SANPO is developed as well as DUM (dual memory) interpreter which permits to perform simultaneously two experiments using one computer. For realizing electrical intermachine communications the units which enable to perform data acquisition and transmission by a serial code under asynchronous regime. Intermachine communications software is developed towards the creation of the computer network oriented to the problems of aUtomation of scientific researches and called SONET (Scientific Oriented Network), Prospects of development of on-line measurement center are described

  6. Present status of reactor physics in the United States and Japan-III. 2. Nuclear Fuel Management Optimization Capabilities

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nuclear fuel management is a very difficult design optimization problem in that decisions ranging from the microscopic level, e.g., pin enrichment, to the macroscopic level, e.g., core flow rate, and spanning time horizons of several reload cycles are strongly coupled. Added to these attributes are the highly constrained design, disjointed decision space, multimodal objective function, mixed integer type decision variables, highly nonlinear objective and constraint functions, and computationally demanding evaluation of the objective and constraint functions. Not surprisingly, after years of research on nuclear fuel management optimization, only limited progress has been made. The traditional approach to partially overcome these difficulties involves constraining the search space via heuristic rules, decomposing the problem into sub-optimization problems, and utilizing simplified core physics models. These approaches have sometimes proven effective, but to claim that the design decisions are global optimum decisions would not be appropriate. Given the increasingly tight constraints and design complexities of nuclear cores, and stronger desire to reduce generating costs, the nuclear fuel management design optimization problem has grown more challenging and important with the passage of time. In this paper, we summarize our research on this design optimization problem. A suite of computer codes that aid in making nuclear fuel management decisions has been developed. From Table I, it is obvious that decomposition of the global optimization problem into suboptimum problems has been employed. All of these computer codes utilize stochastic optimization techniques to search the decision space for determining the family of near-optimum decisions in the sub-optimization problem being solved. A stochastic optimization approach has been selected since it is well suited to address the problems' attributes noted earlier. The drawback of employing a stochastic optimization

  7. Status of A3 foresight collaboration among China, Japan and Korea on critical physics issues specific to steady state sustainment of high-performance plasmas

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The collaboration among China, Japan and Korea based on the A3 foresight program on plasma physics has newly started from August 2012 under the auspice of The National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC, China), The Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS, Japan), National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF, Korea). The period of cooperation is set as five years. The A3 Foresight collaboration on critical physics for the steady state operation of high-performance plasmas is mainly made by three superconducting devices of EAST, KSTAR and LHD, while small devices also contribute to this collaboration program. The A3 collaboration activity is categorized by the following four issues; (I) Steady state sustainment of magnetic configuration - Current drive and profile control (II) Edge and divertor plasma control - (IIa) Transport of edge and divertor plasmas - (IIb) Stability of edge plasma (III) Confinement of alpha particles - Interaction of energetic particle and bulk plasma (IV) Theory and simulation for (I) - (III). During past three years several productive results have been obtained with fruitful discussions through personal exchange among three countries of China, Japan and Korea. The purpose of A3 Foresight program is also focused on education of young scientists including graduate students. In the conference the status and recent progress in A3 Foresight program are presented with productive results from the collaboration

  8. Anniversary Paper: History and status of CAD and quantitative image analysis: The role of Medical Physics and AAPM

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The roles of physicists in medical imaging have expanded over the years, from the study of imaging systems (sources and detectors) and dose to the assessment of image quality and perception, the development of image processing techniques, and the development of image analysis methods to assist in detection and diagnosis. The latter is a natural extension of medical physicists' goals in developing imaging techniques to help physicians acquire diagnostic information and improve clinical decisions. Studies indicate that radiologists do not detect all abnormalities on images that are visible on retrospective review, and they do not always correctly characterize abnormalities that are found. Since the 1950s, the potential use of computers had been considered for analysis of radiographic abnormalities. In the mid-1980s, however, medical physicists and radiologists began major research efforts for computer-aided detection or computer-aided diagnosis (CAD), that is, using the computer output as an aid to radiologists--as opposed to a completely automatic computer interpretation--focusing initially on methods for the detection of lesions on chest radiographs and mammograms. Since then, extensive investigations of computerized image analysis for detection or diagnosis of abnormalities in a variety of 2D and 3D medical images have been conducted. The growth of CAD over the past 20 years has been tremendous--from the early days of time-consuming film digitization and CPU-intensive computations on a limited number of cases to its current status in which developed CAD approaches are evaluated rigorously on large clinically relevant databases. CAD research by medical physicists includes many aspects--collecting relevant normal and pathological cases; developing computer algorithms appropriate for the medical interpretation task including those for segmentation, feature extraction, and classifier design; developing methodology for assessing CAD performance; validating the

  9. The effects of regular consumption of a multiple micronutrient fortified milk beverage on the micronutrient status of school children and on their mental and physical performance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuriyan, Rebecca; Thankachan, Prashanth; Selvam, Sumithra; Pauline, Maria; Srinivasan, K; Kamath-Jha, Shilpa; Vinoy, Sophie; Misra, Situn; Finnegan, Yvonne; Kurpad, Anura V

    2016-02-01

    Multiple micronutrient deficiencies exist in school going children in India and bridging the gap between nutrient intake and requirements is an effective way to combat the deficiencies. This study aimed to test the effect of a multi-micronutrient fortified malt and cocoa based milk beverage on the micronutrient status, cognition, physical performance and nutritional deficiencies of 7-10 years old south Indian children. A randomized, double blind placebo controlled study design was used with normal healthy children from low to middle income families, aged 7-10 years randomly assigned to receive either a multi-micronutrient fortified or an unfortified milk based control drink. The drinks were provided 6 days/week for 5 months. Assessments included anthropometry, blood biochemistry, physical performance and cognition at baseline and endline. The baseline characteristics of the study groups were similar. The changes in body weight and height were similar between the groups at the end of the study. Levels of vitamin B12, red cell folate and vitamin B2 significantly improved in the intervention group, while vitamin D, selenium and body iron showed no difference. The Hemoglobin (Hb) and serum ferritin levels of the control group decreased at endline, while those in the intervention group maintained their levels. The serum transferrin receptor levels increased in both the groups. The prevalence of iron deficiency and Vitamin B2 deficiency were significantly lower in the intervention group at endline. Overall improvement in cognitive and physical performance was seen in both the groups at endline, with no significant differences between the groups. The micronutrient fortified milk based drink was efficacious in improving the micronutrient status of Vitamin B2, Vitamin B12 and red cell folate and in preventing a decline in Hb level compared to an unfortified milk based drink. It also reduced anemia and the risk of deficiencies of iron, and B12, in apparently healthy children

  10. The status of modern five-dimensional gravity (A short review: Why physics needs the fifth dimension)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wesson, Paul S.

    2015-11-01

    Recent criticism of higher-dimensional extensions of Einstein's theory is considered. This may have some justification in regard to string theory, but is misguided as applied to five-dimensional (5D) theories with a large extra dimension. Such theories smoothly embed general relativity, ensuring recovery of the latter's observational support. When the embedding of spacetime is carried out in accordance with Campbell's theorem, the resulting 5D theory naturally explains the origin of classical matter and vacuum energy. Also, constraints on the equations of motion near a high-energy surface or membrane in the 5D manifold lead to quantization and quantum uncertainty. These are major returns on the modest investment of one extra dimension. Instead of fruitless bickering about whether it is possible to "see" the fifth dimension, it is suggested that it be treated on par with other concepts of physics, such as time. The main criterion for the acceptance of a fifth dimension (or not) should be its usefulness.

  11. Atividade física e estado de saúde mental de idosos Physical activity and mental health status among elderly people

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tânia R Bertoldo Benedetti

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Avaliar a associação entre nível de atividade física e o estado de saúde mental de pessoas idosas. MÉTODOS: Inquérito de base populacional com amostragem probabilística, incluindo 875 idosos da cidade de Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, em 2002. Foram aplicados os questionários: Internacional de Atividades Físicas e Brazil Old Age Schedule. Os problemas de saúde mental avaliados foram depressão e demência, além da prática de atividade física total (lazer, ocupação, deslocamentos e serviços domésticos. Após análises descritivas e bivariadas, realizou-se análise ajustada por meio de regressão logística, com ajuste para os fatores de atividade física total, atividade de lazer, escores de depressão e demência. RESULTADOS: Verificou-se associação estatisticamente significativa e inversa de demência e depressão com atividade física total e atividade física no lazer. A odds ratio ajustada para demência entre os sujeitos sedentários para atividade física total comparada à dos ativos foi de 2,74 (IC 95%: 1,85; 4,08, enquanto o respectivo valor para depressão foi de 2,38 (IC 95%: 1,70; 3,33. CONCLUSÕES: Os resultados reforçam a importância de estilo de vida ativo para prevenção de problemas de saúde mental de idosos. Infere-se que a atividade física tem conseguido reduzir e/ou atrasar os riscos de demência, embora não se possa afirmar que a atividade física evita a demência.OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between physical activity level and mental health status among elderly people. METHODS: This was a population-based survey with a probabilistic sample of 875 elderly people from a city of Southern Brazil, in 2002. The International Physical Activity Questionnaire and the Brazil Old Age Schedule questionnaire were applied. The mental health problems evaluated were depressions and dementia. Total physical activity (leisure-time, occupation, transportation and housework. After descriptive and

  12. Status Report on Transfer of Physical and Hydraulic Properties Databases to the Hanford Environmental Information System - PNNL Remediation Decision Support Project, Task 1, Activity 6

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rockhold, Mark L.; Middleton, Lisa A.; Cantrell, Kirk J.

    2009-06-30

    This document provides a status report on efforts to transfer physical and hydraulic property data from PNNL to CHPRC for incorporation into HEIS. The Remediation Decision Support (RDS) Project is managed by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) to support Hanford Site waste management and remedial action decisions by the U.S. Department of Energy and their contractors. The objective of Task 1, Activity 6 of the RDS project is to compile all available physical and hydraulic property data for sediments from the Hanford Site, to port these data into the Hanford Environmental Information System (HEIS), and to make the data web-accessible to anyone on the Hanford Local Area Network via the so-called Virtual Library. These physical and hydraulic property data are used to estimate parameters for analytical and numerical flow and transport models that are used for site risk assessments and evaluation of remedial action alternatives. In past years efforts were made by RDS project staff to compile all available physical and hydraulic property data for Hanford sediments and to transfer these data into SoilVision{reg_sign}, a commercial geotechnical software package designed for storing, analyzing, and manipulating soils data. Although SoilVision{reg_sign} has proven to be useful, its access and use restrictions have been recognized as a limitation to the effective use of the physical and hydraulic property databases by the broader group of potential users involved in Hanford waste site issues. In order to make these data more widely available and useable, a decision was made to port them to HEIS and to make them web-accessible via a Virtual Library module. In FY08 the original objectives of this activity on the RDS project were to: (1) ensure traceability and defensibility of all physical and hydraulic property data currently residing in the SoilVision{reg_sign} database maintained by PNNL, (2) transfer the physical and hydraulic property data from the Microsoft

  13. Defining active sacroiliitis on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for classification of axial spondyloarthritis: a consensual approach by the ASAS/OMERACT MRI group

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rudwaleit, M; Jurik, A G; Hermann, K-G A;

    2009-01-01

    to reach consensus on which MRI findings are essential for the definition of sacroiliitis. METHODS: Ten doctors (two radiologists and eight rheumatologists) from the ASAS/OMERACT MRI working group reviewed and discussed in three workshops MR images depicting sacroiliitis associated with SpA and other...... relevant for sacroiliitis have been defined by consensus by a group of rheumatologists and radiologists. These definitions should help in applying correctly the imaging feature "active sacroiliitis by MRI" in the new ASAS classification criteria for axial SpA....

  14. The Association Between Physical Activity, Mental Status, and Social and Family Support with Five Major Non-Communicable Chronic Diseases Among Elderly People: A Cross-Sectional Study of a Rural Population in Southern China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Xiang; Yang, Huajie; Wang, Harry H.X.; Qiu, Yongjun; Lai, Xiujuan; Zhou, Zhiheng; Li, Fangjian; Zhang, Liwei; Wang, Jiaji; Lei, Jimin

    2015-01-01

    Background: Non-communicable chronic diseases (NCDs) have become the top threat in China. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of major NCDs among the elderly population in rural areas in southern China and explore its associated social determinants. Methods: A multistage cluster random sampling methodology was adopted to select a total of 9245 rural elderly people from 3860 rural households in Guangdong Province. Interviews and physical examinations were performed to collect patient information. Descriptive and logistic regression analyses were conducted to explore factors associated with the presence of major NCDs. Results: Over one-third (38.5%) of the study population suffered from five major NCDs. The grade of activities of daily living (ADL), mental status, and social relationship of elderly people without NCDs were better than those with NCDs. The major factors associated with the presence of NCDs among the elderly people included age (70–79 years group and 80–89 years group), education level (senior high/technical secondary school and junior college and above), mental status (concentration, enrichment and happy life and memory), relationship with neighbours, activities of daily living (ADL) (being able to climb three floors and bend over), physical activity, marital status (bereft), and living conditions (with offspring and family members). Conclusions: The study identified several social determinants associated with the presence of major NCDs. A higher level of family support and physical exercise might contribute to improved physical condition, mental status, and ADL among the elderly people in rural areas in southern China. PMID:26506364

  15. Advanced Steganography Algorithm Using Randomized Intermediate QR Host Embedded With Any Encrypted Secret Message: ASA_QR Algorithm

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Somdip Dey

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Due to tremendous growth in communication technology, now it is a real problem / challenge to send some confidential data / information through communication network. For this reason, Nath et al. developed several information security systems, combining cryptography and steganography together, and the present method, ASA_QR, is also one of them. In the present paper, the authors present a new steganography algorithm to hide any small encrypted secret message inside QR CodeTM , which is then randomized and then, finally embed that randomized QR Code inside some common image. Quick Response Codes (or QR Codes are a type of two-dimensional matrix barcodes used for encoding information. It has become very popular recently for its high storage capacity. The present method is ASA_QR is a combination of strong encryption algorithm and data hiding in two stages to make the entire process extremely hard to break. Here, the secret message is encrypted first and hide it in a QR CodeTM and then again that QR CodeTM is embed in a cover file (picture file in random manner, using the standard method of steganography. In this way the data, which is secured, is almost impossible to be retrieved without knowing the cryptography key, steganography password and the exact unhide method. For encrypting data The authors used a method developed by Nath et al i.e. TTJSA, which is based on generalized modified Vernam Cipher, MSA and NJJSA method; and from the cryptanalysis it is seen that TTJSA is free from any standard cryptographic attacks, like differential attack, plain-text attack or any brute force attack. After encrypting the data using TTJSA,the authors have used standard steganographic method To hide data inside some host file. The present method may be used for sharing secret key, password, digital signature etc.

  16. Modeling bidirectional radiance measurements collected by the advanced solid-state array spectroradiometer (ASAS) over Oregon transect conifer forests

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A geometric-optical model of the bidirectional reflectance of a forest canopy, developed by Li and Strahler, fits observed directional radiance measurements with good accuracy. This model treats the forest cover as a scene of discrete, three-dimensional objects (trees) that are illuminated and viewed from different positions in the hemisphere. The shapes of the objects, their count densities and patterns of placement, are the driving variables, and they condition the mixture of sunlit and shaded objects and background that are observed from a particular viewing direction, given a direction of illumination. This mixture, in turn, controls the brightness apparent to an observer or a radiometric instrument. The Advanced Solid-State Array Spectroradiometer (ASAS) was used to validate this model. This aircraft sensor presently acquires images in 29 spectral bands in the range (465–871 nm) and is pointable fore-and-aft, allowing directional measurements of radiance as a target is approached and imaged at view angles ranging ± 45° from nadir. Through atmospheric correction, ASAS radiances were reduced to bidirectional reflectance factors (BRFs). These were compared to corresponding BRF values computed from the Li-Strahler model using, wherever possible, ground measured component BRFs for calibration. The comparisons showed a good match between the modeled and measured reflectance factors for four of the five Oregon Transect Sites. Thus, the geometric-optical approach provides a realistic model for the bidirectional reflectance distribution function of such natural vegetation canopies. Further modifications are suggested to improve the predicted BRFs and yield still better results. (author)

  17. Analysis of the Status of Antenatal Physical Activity among Pregnant Women%孕妇产前运动现状分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈红华; 李玲

    2014-01-01

    Objectives To explore the status and determinant factors of antenatal physical activity among pregnant women ,and provide guidelines for prenatal care .Methods All pregnant women who took antenatal examination in department of Maternal and Child Health of a certain hospital in Wuhan city from Mar to Nov in 2012 and agreed to participate in our study were recruited and investigated .The socio‐demographic characteristics and the mode ,dura‐tion ,and intensity of physical exercise among pregnant women were measured .Results The mean time of physical activity among pregnant women was 1 .34 hours per week ,and the mean duration of active exercise ,household‐re‐lated ,care‐related and occupational activity was 0 .48 ,0 .36 ,0 .16 and 0 .23 hours per week respectively .There were significant association between educational level ,residence and duration of various physical activities among pregnant women .The proportion of active exercise among pregnant women with higher educational level ,being ur‐ban residents was higher than their counterparts ,while the percentage of household‐related activity among rural pregnant women was relatively high (41% ) .Conclusions The duration of physical activity among pregnant women is insufficient .The kinds and the duration of physical activity among pregnant women with different socio‐demo‐graphic characteristics are different .It is needed to strength education concentrated on physical activity during preg‐nancy .%目的:分析孕妇产前运动的现状,明确其影响因素,从而为孕期保健工作提供指导建议。方法以2012年3月-2012年11月间在武汉某医院妇幼保健科进行产前检查的所有孕妇作为研究对象进行现场调查,调查内容包括孕妇基本情况和产前运动情况。结果孕妇产前运动平均时间为1.34小时/周,其中自主运动、家务劳动、家庭照顾、工作类运动时间分别为0.48小时/周、0.36小时/周、0.16

  18. Analysis of the Status of Antenatal Physical Activity among Pregnant Women%孕妇产前运动现状分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈红华; 李玲

    2014-01-01

    目的:分析孕妇产前运动的现状,明确其影响因素,从而为孕期保健工作提供指导建议。方法以2012年3月-2012年11月间在武汉某医院妇幼保健科进行产前检查的所有孕妇作为研究对象进行现场调查,调查内容包括孕妇基本情况和产前运动情况。结果孕妇产前运动平均时间为1.34小时/周,其中自主运动、家务劳动、家庭照顾、工作类运动时间分别为0.48小时/周、0.36小时/周、0.16小时/周、0.23小时/周。不同特征孕妇各类运动时间所占比例不同,高文化程度、城市户籍的孕妇自主运动所占的比例较高,达到40%以上,农村户籍的孕妇家务劳动所占的比例较高,达到41%。结论我国孕妇产前运动时间不足,不同特征孕妇产前运动的种类和时间不同,有必要加强孕妇产前运动指导和健康教育。%Objectives To explore the status and determinant factors of antenatal physical activity among pregnant women ,and provide guidelines for prenatal care .Methods All pregnant women who took antenatal examination in department of Maternal and Child Health of a certain hospital in Wuhan city from Mar to Nov in 2012 and agreed to participate in our study were recruited and investigated .The socio‐demographic characteristics and the mode ,dura‐tion ,and intensity of physical exercise among pregnant women were measured .Results The mean time of physical activity among pregnant women was 1 .34 hours per week ,and the mean duration of active exercise ,household‐re‐lated ,care‐related and occupational activity was 0 .48 ,0 .36 ,0 .16 and 0 .23 hours per week respectively .There were significant association between educational level ,residence and duration of various physical activities among pregnant women .The proportion of active exercise among pregnant women with higher educational level ,being ur‐ban residents was higher than their counterparts ,while the

  19. Physical activity, alcohol consumption, BMI and smoking status before and after prostate cancer diagnosis in the ProtecT trial: opportunities for lifestyle modification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hackshaw-McGeagh, Lucy E; Penfold, Chris M; Walsh, Eleanor; Donovan, Jenny L; Hamdy, Freddie C; Neal, David E; Jeffreys, Mona; Martin, Richard M; Lane, J Athene

    2015-09-15

    Associations between certain lifestyle characteristics and prostate cancer risk have been reported, and continuation post-diagnosis can adversely affect prognosis. We explored whether men make spontaneous changes to their physical activity and alcohol intake, body mass index (BMI) and smoking status, following a diagnosis of localised prostate cancer. A detailed diet, health and lifestyle questionnaire was completed by 511 participants within the Prostate Testing for Cancer and Treatment (ProtecT) randomised controlled trial, both before and 9 months after a diagnosis of prostate cancer. Of 177 men who were insufficiently active before their diagnosis (median 0 activity units/week; IQR 0-9), 40.7% had increased their activity by a median of 22 U week(-1) (IQR 15-35) 9 months later, and there was weak evidence that men were more active after diagnosis than before (p = 0.07). Men categorised as "working" occupational social class and who were insufficiently active before diagnosis were 2.03 (95%, CI = 1.03-3.99, p = 0.04) times more likely to have increased their physical activity levels compared to men classified as "managerial or professional." Similarly, men who were insufficiently active pre-diagnosis and with T-stage 2 compared with T-stage 1 prostate cancer were 2.47 (95%, CI = 1.29-4.71, p = 0.006) times more likely to be sufficiently active post-diagnosis. Following diagnosis, there was an overall reduction in alcohol intake (p = 0.03) and the proportion of current smokers (p = 0.09), but no overall change in BMI. We conclude that some men spontaneously change certain lifestyle behaviours on receiving a diagnosis of prostate cancer. For many men, however, additional support through lifestyle interventions is probably required to facilitate and maintain these changes. PMID:25761662

  20. In Situ Remediation Integrated Program. In situ physical/chemical treatment technologies for remediation of contaminated sites: Applicability, developing status, and research needs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Siegrist, R.L.; Gates, D.D.; West, O.R.; Liang, L.; Donaldson, T.L.; Webb, O.F.; Corder, S.L.; Dickerson, K.S.

    1994-06-01

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) In Situ Remediation Integrated Program (ISR IP) was established in June 1991 to facilitate the development and implementation of in situ remediation technologies for environmental restoration within the DOE complex. Within the ISR IP, four subareas of research have been identified: (1) in situ containment, (2) in situ physical/chemical treatment (ISPCT), (3) in situ bioremediation, and (4) subsurface manipulation/electrokinetics. Although set out as individual focus areas, these four are interrelated, and successful developments in one will often necessitate successful developments in another. In situ remediation technologies are increasingly being sought for environmental restoration due to the potential advantages that in situ technologies can offer as opposed to more traditional ex situ technologies. These advantages include limited site disruption, lower cost, reduced worker exposure, and treatment at depth under structures. While in situ remediation technologies can offer great advantages, many technology gaps exist in their application. This document presents an overview of ISPCT technologies and describes their applicability to DOE-complex needs, their development status, and relevant ongoing research. It also highlights research needs that the ISR IP should consider when making funding decisions.

  1. In Situ Remediation Integrated Program. In situ physical/chemical treatment technologies for remediation of contaminated sites: Applicability, developing status, and research needs

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) In Situ Remediation Integrated Program (ISR IP) was established in June 1991 to facilitate the development and implementation of in situ remediation technologies for environmental restoration within the DOE complex. Within the ISR IP, four subareas of research have been identified: (1) in situ containment, (2) in situ physical/chemical treatment (ISPCT), (3) in situ bioremediation, and (4) subsurface manipulation/electrokinetics. Although set out as individual focus areas, these four are interrelated, and successful developments in one will often necessitate successful developments in another. In situ remediation technologies are increasingly being sought for environmental restoration due to the potential advantages that in situ technologies can offer as opposed to more traditional ex situ technologies. These advantages include limited site disruption, lower cost, reduced worker exposure, and treatment at depth under structures. While in situ remediation technologies can offer great advantages, many technology gaps exist in their application. This document presents an overview of ISPCT technologies and describes their applicability to DOE-complex needs, their development status, and relevant ongoing research. It also highlights research needs that the ISR IP should consider when making funding decisions

  2. Tevatron status

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Fermilab Tevatron is both the world's highest energy accelerator system and first large-scale superconducting synchrotron. Since Tevatron commissioning in July 1983, the accelerator has operated in 1984, 1985 and 1987 with extracted beams of 800 GeV for three runs of fixed target physics, and in 1987, and 1988, with proton-antiproton colliding beams at 900 /times/ 900 GeV. This paper will focus on the collider operation of the Tevatron: its present status and the outlook for its longer-term future evolution. 18 refs., 3 figs., 2 tabs

  3. Crescimento físico e estado nutricional de populações indígenas brasileiras Physical growth and nutritional status of Brazilian indian populations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo V. Santos

    1993-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho revisa a literatura sobre crescimento físico de populações indígenas do Brasil. Os estudos voltados para caracterização do estado nutricional através da antropometria são relativamente recentes e, ainda, não chegam a prover um quadro claro da situação. Quando comparadas com crianças brasileiras ou com populações-referência internacionais (NCHS, as indígenas são em média de menor estatura e peso, ainda que mantenham a proporcionalidade corporal, avaliada pelo indicador 'peso para estatura'. Estes resultados podem ser interpretados como evidência de altas freqüências de desnutrição energética-protéico crônica. Pelo menos para alguns grupos, dados oriundos de inquéritos de saúde provêem evidências favoráveis à existência de condições nutricionais marginais. É indicado, contudo, que curvas de referências internacionais talvez não sejam adequadas para avaliar o crescimento físico de populações específicas, incluindo as crianças indígenas brasileiras. Chama-se atenção, também, para o fato de que mudanças nas práticas tradicionais de subsistência e nas condições de saúde devido ao processo aculturativo podem contribuir para a deterioração do estado de nutrição das populações indígenas.This paper reviews the literature on the physical growth of native populations from Brazil. Studies aiming at relating the physical growth patterns of these populations to their nutritional status are relatively recent and still do not provide a comprehensive picture of the situation. Compared to non-indigenous Brazilian children and international reference populations (NCHS, indigenous children are short and light for their age, although they maintain their body proportionality, as evaluated by weight for height. These findings could be interpreted as an indication of high rates of chronic protein-energy undernutrition. At least for some groups, data derived from health surveys provide further

  4. Influences of Intermittent Anaerobic Exercise Program on Physical Fitness and Plasma Lactate, Oxidant and Anti-oxidant Status in Smokers and Non-smokers Judo Players

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bushra H. El-Zawahry*; Gamal A. Shawer**

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Background: There is evidence of smoking's negative impact and physical activity's positive impact on long-term health. However, evidences regarding the association between smoking and exercise activity and the independent effects of these factors on antioxidant defense are lacking. The aim of this study is to investigate the association between smoking and the intermittent anaerobic exercise on the physical fitness, oxidant and antioxidant status in Judo player. Methods: Twenty male Judo player student from Department of Physical Education Al-Azhar University were enrolled in the study. They were of 2 groups, Non-smokers (NS and smokers (SM. Both groups were subjected to regular Judo training program (2 hours/day, 3 sessions/week for 12 weeks. Also, both groups were subjected to an effort test (running of submaximal intensity until exhaustion and record of the maximum oxygen capacity (VO2max using an ergometric bicycle. Heart rate (HR, mean arterial blood pressure (MBP were recorded and blood samples were taken pre and post-effort test for determination of malondialdehyde (MDA,total antioxidant capacity (TAC, uric acid (Ua and lactate (La in the plasma. Also the time to exhaustion was recorded during the effort test. These measures were performed pre and post the training program. Results: At rest the pre-program data of SM showed significantly higher H.R., and plasma MDA ,and significantly lower TAC with tendency to increase in MBP and La levels, and decrease in VO2max, and Ua levels compared to NS. Before program and in response to acute exercise SM showed significantly higher H.R, MDA and La levels with significantly lower TAC, Ua and time to exhaustion compared to NS. On the other hand, after the program and in response to acute exercise, SM showed more pronounced significantly higher HR, MBP, MDA and La with significantly lower VO2max, time to exhaustion and TAC with insignificant changes in the Ua compared to the NS that showed

  5. Status of chiral meson physics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bijnens, Johan [Department of Astronomy and Theoretical Physics, Lund University, Sölvegatan 14A, SE 22362 Lund (Sweden)

    2016-01-22

    This talk includes a short introduction to Chiral Perturbation Theory in the meson sector concentrating on a number of recent developments. I discuss the latest fit of the low-energy constants. Finite volume corrections are discussed for the case with twisted boundary conditions for form-factors and first results at two-loops for three flavours for masses. The last part discusses the extension to other symmetry breaking patterns relevant for technicolour and related theories as well as the calculation of leading logarithms to high loop orders.

  6. MANIFESTO FOR PHYSICAL EDUCATION AND SPORTS

    OpenAIRE

    Adrian Dragnea; Aura Bota; Silvia Teodorescu,; Monica Stanescu

    2009-01-01

    This manifesto elaboration was dictated by the necessity of rendering aware and consolidating, amongthe people and the decision bodies, the role of physical education and sports1 in the modern Romanian society, asa health, education and social integration factor.The formative-educative motor activities are confronted with newly-issued dangers and challenges thathave imposed this approach:- the statistics about the population’s health state, particularly among the young people, emphasizealarmi...

  7. Soil chemical and physical status in semideciduous Atlantic Forest fragments affected by atmospheric deposition in central-eastern São Paulo State, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lopes MIMS

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The expansion of agricultural, urban and industrial areas in the São Paulo State (SE Brazil led to the fragmentation of the original semideciduous Atlantic Fo­rest into small, patchy forest remnants. Anthropogenic activities produce a variety of pollutants affecting many ecological processes in these remaining fo­rest fragments through soil acidification and fertilization. In this study, we investigated the soil chemical and physical status of six forest remnants (Paulínia, Holambra, Americana, Jaguariúna, Campinas and Cosmópolis differently affected by industrial, rural and urban pollution in central-eastern São Paulo in order to determine the soil potential to buffer the inputs of pollutants. Soil samples from 0-10, 10-20 and 20-40 cm depths were collected in the dry and the wet season and the following variables were analyzed: soil texture, pH in CaCl2 solution, exchangeable cations and exchange capacity, organic carbon, total nitrogen, extractable sulfur, phosphorus and heavy metals. Distinct buffering capacities were observed in industrial and in rural and urban areas, primarily due to the natural characteristics of the soils, such as soil texture, acidification and organic matter. The forest soils affected by atmospheric deposition from the industrial complex (Paulínia and Americana were more sandy and acidic (pH = 3.6 than those near rural and urban sources (pH = 4.5. The optimal chemical conditions (high contents of organic matter, exchangeable bases, nitrogen, phosphorus and sulfur were found in the clay soils of fo­rest remnants located in Campinas and Jaguariúna, which were more affected by rural or urban pollution than by industrial emissions. Such clay soils provide the highest buffering capacity against environmental impacts in the study region.

  8. Feeling of Pleasure to High-Intensity Interval Exercise Is Dependent of the Number of Work Bouts and Physical Activity Status.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Danniel Thiago Frazão

    Full Text Available To examine the affective responses during a single bout of a low-volume HIIE in active and insufficiently active men.Fifty-eight men (aged 25.3 ± 3.6 years volunteered to participate in this study: i active (n = 29 and ii insufficiently active (n = 29. Each subject undertook i initial screening and physical evaluation, ii maximal exercise test, and iii a single bout of a low-volume HIIE. The HIIE protocol consisted of 10 x 60s work bouts at 90% of maximal treadmill velocity (MTV interspersed with 60s of active recovery at 30% of MTV. Affective responses (Feeling Scale, -5/+5, rating of perceived exertion (Borg's RPE, 6-20, and heart rate (HR were recorded during the last 10s of each work bout. A two-factor mixed-model repeated measures ANOVA, independent-samples t test, and chi-squared test were used to data analysis.There were similar positive affective responses to the first three work bouts between insufficiently active and active men (p > 0.05. However, insufficiently active group displayed lower affective responses over time (work bout 4 to 10 than the active group (p 0.05.Insufficiently active and active men report feelings of pleasure to few work bouts (i.e., 3-4 during low-volume HIIE, while the affective responses become more unpleasant over time for insufficiently active subjects. Investigations on the effects of low-volume HIIE protocols including a fewer number of work bouts on health status and fitness of less active subjects would be interesting, especially in the first training weeks.

  9. Socioeconomic status influences physical fitness in European adolescents independently of body fat and physical activity: the HELENA Study El estatus socioeconómico influencia la condición física en adolescentes europeos: El estudio HELENA

    OpenAIRE

    Jiménez Pavón, D.; Ortega, F.B. (Francisco B.); Ruiz, J. R.; V. España Romero; E. García Artero; D. Moliner Urdiales; S. Gómez Martínez; Vicente Rodríguez, G.; Manios, Y.; Béghin, L.; J. Répasy; M. Sjöstrom; Moreno, L A; González Gross, M.; Castillo, M.J. (Manuel J.)

    2010-01-01

    Introduction: The influence of socioeconomic status on health-related fitness is not clear. Aim: To examine the influence of socioeconomic status on health-related fitness in adolescents. Methods: A total of 3,259 adolescents (15.0 ± 1.3 y) from the Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence Cross-Sectional Study (HELENA-CSS) participated in the study. Socioeconomic status was assessed by the family affluence scale (FAS). Speed-agility, muscular strength and cardiorespirat...

  10. Comorbidity burden is associated with poor psychological well-being and physical health status in patients with an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hoogwegt, Madelein T; Kupper, Nina; Jordaens, Luc;

    2013-01-01

    Comorbidity burden has been linked to survival in patients with an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD), but no study has examined the influence on psychological well-being and health status. We examined the relationship between comorbidity burden and anxiety, depression, and health status...

  11. New Photometric Observations and the 2015 Eclipse of the Symbiotic Nova Candidate ASAS J174600-2321.3

    CERN Document Server

    Hambsch, Franz-Josef; Bernhard, Klaus; Otero, Sebastián

    2015-01-01

    The eclipsing binary system ASAS J174600-2321.3, which has shown a conspicuous brightening of ~4 magnitudes (V) in the past, was recently identified as a symbiotic nova candidate. A long-term photometric monitoring program was initiated in July 2014. In its present active stage, the system shows deep eclipses with an amplitude of ~3.5 magnitudes (V) that occur about every 33 months. In order to monitor the eclipse of 2015, AAVSO Alert Notice 510 was issued. During the ensuing campaign, AAVSO observers obtained 338 measurements in Johnson B, 393 measurements in Johnson V, and 369 measurements in Cousins I, as well as 27 visual observations. The present paper presents and analyzes these data from the AAVSO International Database, along with observations from the aforementioned photometric monitoring program. From these data, we were able to refine the orbital period to Porb = 1012.4 days. Furthermore, the data are suggestive of a slight decrease in mean brightness, which -if proven real- might indicate a declin...

  12. Search for evolutionary changes in Cepheid periods using the Harvard plate collection: ASAS 101538-5933.1

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berdnikov, L. N.

    2010-08-01

    In the plate collection of the Harvard College Observatory, we have obtained 528 photographic magnitude estimates for the recently discovered long-period classical Cepheid ASAS 101538-5933.1 ( P = 51.4 days). Together with the published photoelectric and CCD observations, our data have allowed us to construct an O-C diagram spanning a time interval of 120 years. The O-C diagram has the shape of a parabola, which has made it possible to determine for the first time the quadratic light elements and to calculate the rate of evolutionary increase in the period, dP/dt = 51.8 (±4.8) s yr-1 or dot P / P = 7.3 (±0.7) s, in agreement with the results of theoretical calculations for the third crossing of the instability strip. The available data reduced by the method of Eddington and Plakidis reveal small random period fluctuations that do not distort the evolutionary trend in the O-C residuals.

  13. Development of the Oxford Hills Healthy Moms Project using a social marketing process: a community-based physical activity and nutrition intervention for low-socioeconomic-status mothers in a rural area in Maine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dharod, Jigna M; Drewette-Card, Rebecca; Crawford, David

    2011-03-01

    A physical activity and nutrition community intervention called the Oxford Hills Healthy Moms (OHHM) Project was developed using a multifaceted social marketing process, including review of state surveillance results, key informant interviews, and a survey and focus group discussions with low-socioeconomic-status (low-SES) mothers. This formative work was used to make key decisions on the selection of the intervention region, segmentation of the audience, and design of intervention strategies addressing multiple levels of the socioecological model. The OHHM Project aims to increase fruit and vegetable consumption and physical activity levels among low-SES mothers in the Oxford Hills region of Maine. The OHHM Project includes five components: (a) physical activity buddy program, (b) cooking club with education, (c) fruit and vegetable discount buying club with education, (d) increased access to produce vendors, and (e) increased access to places for physical activity. PMID:20660151

  14. The Association Between Physical Activity, Mental Status, and Social and Family Support with Five Major Non-Communicable Chronic Diseases Among Elderly People: A Cross-Sectional Study of a Rural Population in Southern China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiang Huang

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Background: Non-communicable chronic diseases (NCDs have become the top threat in China. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of major NCDs among the elderly population in rural areas in southern China and explore its associated social determinants. Methods: A multistage cluster random sampling methodology was adopted to select a total of 9245 rural elderly people from 3860 rural households in Guangdong Province. Interviews and physical examinations were performed to collect patient information. Descriptive and logistic regression analyses were conducted to explore factors associated with the presence of major NCDs. Results: Over one-third (38.5% of the study population suffered from five major NCDs. The grade of activities of daily living (ADL, mental status, and social relationship of elderly people without NCDs were better than those with NCDs. The major factors associated with the presence of NCDs among the elderly people included age (70–79 years group and 80–89 years group, education level (senior high/technical secondary school and junior college and above, mental status (concentration, enrichment and happy life and memory, relationship with neighbours, activities of daily living (ADL (being able to climb three floors and bend over, physical activity, marital status (bereft, and living conditions (with offspring and family members. Conclusions: The study identified several social determinants associated with the presence of major NCDs. A higher level of family support and physical exercise might contribute to improved physical condition, mental status, and ADL among the elderly people in rural areas in southern China.

  15. Increased glutamine in leaves of poplar transgenic with pine GS1a caused greater anthranilate synthetase α-subunit (ASA1) transcript and protein abundances: an auxin-related mechanism for enhanced growth in GS transgenics?

    OpenAIRE

    Man, Huimin; Pollmann, Stephan; Weiler, Elmar W.; Kirby, Edward G.

    2011-01-01

    The initial reaction in the pathway leading to the production of indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) in plants is the reaction between chorismate and glutamine to produce anthranilate, catalysed by the enzyme anthranilate synthase (ASA; EC 4.1.3.27). Compared with non-transgenic controls, leaves of transgenic poplar with ectopic expression of the pine cytosolic glutamine synthetase (GS1a; EC 6.3.1.2) produced significantly greater glutamine and significantly enhanced ASA α-subunit (ASA1) transcript an...

  16. The Efficacy of Probiotic (Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG) and 5-ASA (Aminosalicylic Acid) in the Treatment of Experimental Radiation Proctitis in Rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dandin, Özgür; Akin, Mehmet Levhi; Balta, Ahmet Ziya; Yücel, Ergün; Karakaş, Dursun Özgür; Demirbaş, Sezai; Özdemir, Sevim; Haholu, Apdullah

    2015-12-01

    The aims of the study are to demonstrate the effect of probiotic use on the healing of radiation proctitis (RP) and evaluate the efficiency of fecal biomarkers at follow-up of the treatment. Thirty-two male/female rats were randomly separated into four groups of eight rats. The first group (control) was not radiated. RP was created by 17.5 Gy single dose rectal irradiation. The second group (RP) was subjected to RP, but not treated. The third group (RP+ASA) was treated with 5-aminosalicylic acid (5-ASA) 250 mg/kg daily by gastric lavage for 14 days after the irradiation, and the forth group (RP+LGG) was treated with Lactobacillus GG (LGG) 25 × 100 million CFU daily. Feces samples were taken at the 7th and 14th day of the treatment for fecal biomarkers. Rectums of the rats were resected at the 14th day by laparotomy. Samples were evaluated both macroscopically and microscopically. RP was achieved both macroscopically and microscopically. Weight loss of RP group is statistically significant (p < 0.005) than other groups. The healing ratio of RP+ASA and RP+LGG groups was significantly better than the RP group (p < 0.005) both macroscopically and microscopically. But there was no significant difference between ASA and LGG groups. Biochemically, fecal calprotectin was found to be more effective than fecal myeloperoxidase and fecal lactoferrin to show the efficacy of treatment of radiation proctitis. The results of our study demonstrate that probiotic is as effective as 5-aminosalicylic in the treatment of radiation proctitis, and fecal calprotectin is a useful biomarker in determining the response to the treatment. PMID:26730065

  17. Arabidopsis ERF1 Mediates Cross-Talk between Ethylene and Auxin Biosynthesis during Primary Root Elongation by Regulating ASA1 Expression.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jie-Li Mao

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The gaseous phytohormone ethylene participates in the regulation of root growth and development in Arabidopsis. It is known that root growth inhibition by ethylene involves auxin, which is partially mediated by the action of the WEAK ETHYLENE INSENSITIVE2/ANTHRANILATE SYNTHASE α1 (WEI2/ASA1, encoding a rate-limiting enzyme in tryptophan (Trp biosynthesis, from which auxin is derived. However, the molecular mechanism by which ethylene decreases root growth via ASA1 is not understood. Here we report that the ethylene-responsive AP2 transcription factor, ETHYLENE RESPONSE FACTOR1 (ERF1, plays an important role in primary root elongation of Arabidopsis. Using loss- and gain-of-function transgenic lines as well as biochemical analysis, we demonstrate that ERF1 can directly up-regulate ASA1 by binding to its promoter, leading to auxin accumulation and ethylene-induced inhibition of root growth. This discloses one mechanism linking ethylene signaling and auxin biosynthesis in Arabidopsis roots.

  18. Arabidopsis ERF1 Mediates Cross-Talk between Ethylene and Auxin Biosynthesis during Primary Root Elongation by Regulating ASA1 Expression

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Zhen; Yu, Lin-Hui; Cai, Xiao-Teng; Xiang, Cheng-Bin

    2016-01-01

    The gaseous phytohormone ethylene participates in the regulation of root growth and development in Arabidopsis. It is known that root growth inhibition by ethylene involves auxin, which is partially mediated by the action of the WEAK ETHYLENE INSENSITIVE2/ANTHRANILATE SYNTHASE α1 (WEI2/ASA1), encoding a rate-limiting enzyme in tryptophan (Trp) biosynthesis, from which auxin is derived. However, the molecular mechanism by which ethylene decreases root growth via ASA1 is not understood. Here we report that the ethylene-responsive AP2 transcription factor, ETHYLENE RESPONSE FACTOR1 (ERF1), plays an important role in primary root elongation of Arabidopsis. Using loss- and gain-of-function transgenic lines as well as biochemical analysis, we demonstrate that ERF1 can directly up-regulate ASA1 by binding to its promoter, leading to auxin accumulation and ethylene-induced inhibition of root growth. This discloses one mechanism linking ethylene signaling and auxin biosynthesis in Arabidopsis roots. PMID:26745809

  19. Transactions of the Asae

    OpenAIRE

    Matak, K. E.; Wilson, J. H.; Duncan, S. E.; E. J. Wilson; Hackney, C. R.; Sumner, S S

    2003-01-01

    Lactose hydrolysis was investigated as a method of producing a more extrudable ice cream product. Ice cream mixes were treated with lactase from the microbial sources Kluyveromyces lactis and Aspergillus oryzae to produce 0% to 100% lactose hydrolysis. Compression measurements and yield stress tests of frozen ice cream were both affected by the temperature of the samples. As the temperature decreased, the work required to compress the ice cream 10 mm (firmness) and the torsional shear stress ...

  20. Verdsettelse av Ekornes ASA

    OpenAIRE

    Brakestad, Anniken Stokvik; Pedersen, Erika

    2011-01-01

    Denne oppgaven er en verdsettelse av Ekornes-konsernet. Verdsettelsen er i hovedsak basert på offentlig tilgjengelig informasjon, samt intervju med konsernsjefen i Ekornes Øyvind Tørlen og møbelhistoriker Eldar Høidal. Verdsettelsesmetoden vi har benyttet er kontantstrømsbasert modell. Verdien av konsernet er beregnet med utgangspunkt i en strategisk analyse, en regnskapsanalyse, beregnet avkastningskrav og estimerte fremtidige kontantoverskudd. Problemstillingen for oppgave...

  1. Study of ASA Algorithms

    OpenAIRE

    Ardam, Nagaraju

    2010-01-01

    Hearing aid devices are used to help people with hearing impairment. The number of people that requires hearingaid devices are possibly constant over the years, however the number of people that now have access to hearing aiddevices increasing rapidly. The hearing aid devices must be small, consume very little power, and be fairly accurate.Even though it is normally more important for the user that hearing impairment look good (are discrete). Once thehearing aid device prescribed to the user,...

  2. COMMUNICATION ABOUT SOCIAL STATUS

    OpenAIRE

    Fernald, Russell D.

    2014-01-01

    Dominance hierarchies are ubiquitous in social species and serve to organize social systems. Social and sexual status is communicated directly among animals via sensory systems evolved in the particular species. Such signals may be chemical, visual, auditory, postural or a combination of signals. In most species, status is initially established through physical conflict between individuals that leads to ritualized conflict or threats, reducing possibly dangerous results of fighting. Many of t...

  3. Lifetime Victimization and Physical Health Outcomes among Lesbian and Heterosexual Women

    OpenAIRE

    Andersen, Judith P; HUGHES, TONDA L.; Zou, Christopher; Wilsnack, Sharon C.

    2014-01-01

    Background Lifetime victimization experiences, including child sexual abuse (CSA), child physical abuse (CPA), adult sexual assault (ASA), and adult physical assault (APA), are associated with health problems. Purpose To examine relationships between cumulative victimization and physical health among heterosexual and lesbian women and determine whether these relationships differ by sexual identity. Methods Large samples of heterosexual (n = 482) and lesbian women (n = 394) were interviewed. Q...

  4. Status of the OPERA Experiment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this article the physics motivation and the detector design of the OPERA experiment will be reviewed. The construction status of the detector, which will be situated in the CNGS beam from CERN to the Gran Sasso laboratory, will be reported. A survey on the physics performance will be given and the physics plan in 2006 will be presented. (author)

  5. Effects of exercise on physical self-concept, global self-esteem, and depression in women of low socioeconomic status with elevated depressive symptoms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Legrand, Fabien D

    2014-08-01

    We examined the possible mediating role of physical self-perceptions, physical self-esteem, and global self-esteem in the relationships between exercise and depression in a group of socioeconomically disadvantaged women with elevated symptoms of depression. Forty-four female residents of a low-income housing complex were randomized into a 7-week-long exercise-training group or a wait-list group. Depression, physical self-perceptions and self-esteem were measured repeatedly. Significant changes were found for depression, self-esteem, physical self-worth, and self-perceived physical condition in the exercise-training group. Intent-to-treat analyses did not alter the results. Most of the reduction in depression occurred between Week 2 and Week 4 while initial improvement in physical self-worth and self-perceived physical condition was observed between baseline and Week 2. These variables can be seen as plausible mechanisms for effects of exercise on depression. PMID:25226604

  6. Frequent Physical Health Monitoring as Vital Signs with Psychological Status Monitoring for Search and Rescue of Handicapped, Diseased and Eldery Persons

    OpenAIRE

    Kohei Arai

    2013-01-01

    Method and system for frequent health monitoring as vital signs with psycholo9gical status monitoring for search and rescue of handicapped person is proposed. Heart beat pulse rate, body temperature, blood pressure, blesses and consciousness is well known vital signs. In particular for Alzheimer diseased persons, handicapped peoples, etc. it is very important to monitor vital signs in particular in the event of evacuation from disaster occurred areas together with location and attitude inform...

  7. Six months of multiwavelength follow-up of the tidal disruption candidate ASASSN-14li and implied TDE rates from ASAS-SN

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holoien, T. W.-S.; Kochanek, C. S.; Prieto, J. L.; Stanek, K. Z.; Dong, Subo; Shappee, B. J.; Grupe, D.; Brown, J. S.; Basu, U.; Beacom, J. F.; Bersier, D.; Brimacombe, J.; Danilet, A. B.; Falco, E.; Guo, Z.; Jose, J.; Herczeg, G. J.; Long, F.; Pojmanski, G.; Simonian, G. V.; Szczygieł, D. M.; Thompson, T. A.; Thorstensen, J. R.; Wagner, R. M.; Woźniak, P. R.

    2016-01-01

    We present ground-based and Swift photometric and spectroscopic observations of the candidate tidal disruption event (TDE) ASASSN-14li, found at the centre of PGC 043234 (d ≃ 90 Mpc) by the All-Sky Automated Survey for SuperNovae (ASAS-SN). The source had a peak bolometric luminosity of L ≃ 1044 erg s-1 and a total integrated energy of E ≃ 7 × 1050 erg radiated over the ˜6 months of observations presented. The UV/optical emission of the source is well fitted by a blackbody with roughly constant temperature of T ˜ 35 000 K, while the luminosity declines by roughly a factor of 16 over this time. The optical/UV luminosity decline is broadly consistent with an exponential decline, L∝ e^{-t/t_0}, with t0 ≃ 60 d. ASASSN-14li also exhibits soft X-ray emission comparable in luminosity to the optical and UV emission but declining at a slower rate, and the X-ray emission now dominates. Spectra of the source show broad Balmer and helium lines in emission as well as strong blue continuum emission at all epochs. We use the discoveries of ASASSN-14li and ASASSN-14ae to estimate the TDE rate implied by ASAS-SN, finding an average rate of r ≃ 4.1 × 10-5 yr-1 per galaxy with a 90 per cent confidence interval of (2.2-17.0) × 10-5 yr-1 per galaxy. ASAS-SN found roughly 1 TDE for every 70 Type Ia supernovae in 2014, a rate that is much higher than that of other surveys.

  8. Status of the SLC

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The goals of the SLAC Linear Collider, SLC, are to develop the techniques of linear colliders and to do physics at and slightly above the energy necessary to produce the Z0. A short review is given of the physics goals of the SLC, followed by the status of the SLC and its detectors. Plans for accelerating polarized electrons at SLC are also discussed. 6 figs

  9. 810-nm InGaA1As/A1GaAs double quantum well semiconductor lasers with asymmetric waveguide structures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Lin Li; Guojun Liu; Zhanguo Li; Mei Li; Xiaohua Wang; Hui Li; Chunming Wan

    2008-01-01

    @@ The 810-nm InGaA1As/A1GaAs double quantum well (QW) semiconductor lasers with asymmetric waveguide structures, grown by molecular beam epitaxy, show high quantum efficiency and high-power conversion efficiency at continuous-wave (CW) power output. The threshold current density and slope efficiency of the device are 180 A/cm2 and 1.3 W/A, respectively. The internal loss and the internal quantum efficiency are 1.7 cm-1 and 93%, respectively. The 70% maximum power conversion efficiency is achieved with narrow far-field patterns.

  10. HMSRP Hawaiian Monk Seal Specimen Data (includes physical specimens, collection information, status, storage locations, and laboratory results associated with individual specimens)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set includes physical specimens, paper logs and Freezerworks database of all logged information on specimens collected from Hawaiian monk seals since...

  11. Functional independence and health-related functional status following spinal cord injury : a prospective study of the association with physical capacity

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Haisma, Janneke A.; Post, Marcel W.; van der Woude, Lucas H.; Stam, Henk J.; Bergen, Michael P.; Sluis, Tebbe A.; van den Berg-Emons, Hendrika J.; Bussmann, Johannes B.

    2008-01-01

    Objective: To determine changes in functional independence following spinal cord injury and to evaluate the association between functional independence and physical capacity. Design: Multi-centre prospective cohort study. Subjects: Patients with spinal cord injury admitted for initial rehabilitation

  12. The effect of a physical activity intervention on selective markers of the metabolic syndrome in adolescents with low socio-economic status / Annemarié Zeelie

    OpenAIRE

    Zeelie, Annemarié

    2009-01-01

    Background Physical inactivity causes obesity, a condition which is related to insulin resistance, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, dyslipidemia and the metabolic syndrome (MS). MS is the collective description of lifestyle diseases associated with significant morbidity and premature mortality. MS has recently been observed in youth, and if left untreated could lead to cardiovascular diseases. Regular physical activity (PA) and exercise training appear to modify the independent risk facto...

  13. Current Status and Trends of Physical Activity Research%体力活动研究的现状及趋势

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王超; 陈佩杰

    2012-01-01

    Physical activity has gained more and more research focuses in recent years.This review took the examples of the papers published in the 59th annual meeting of American College of Sports Medicine to summarize the current situation of the physical activity researches.Findings were presented in five areas: physical activity and health,physical activity survey,instruments for measuring physical activity,correlates of physical activity,and promotion of physical activity.It finds that the research papers published in the annual meeting relating to physical activities have the features of wide selection of topic,in-depth and detailed research and significant application value.It is recommended that in the physical activity research in China,the researchers shall adopt objective and accurate methods to measure the physical activity level and health indicators,clarify the quantitative and effect relation between them so as to provide feasible physical activity guide suitable to the Chinese people.In the epidemiology relating physical activity research,we shall try our best to apply objective measurement tool and use the traceable research design to accurately evaluate the physical activity level and changing trend of the Chinese people.The physical activity intervention plan design shall be based on mature theories and reliable evidence while the effect and cost-efficient level of the implementation of the plan shall also be considered.%体力活动研究近年来受到越来越多的关注。以2012年第59届美国运动医学会年会交流论文为例,从体力活动与健康、体力活动现状调查、体力活动测量工具、体力活动影响因素、体力活动促进五个方面对当前体力活动研究的现状进行总结。结果表明第59届美国运动医学会年会发表的体力活动相关研究具有选题范围广、研究深入细致、实践应用价值大等特点。建议在我国进行体力活动研究时采用客观准确的方法测量

  14. 中美两国体能训练发展现状和趋势%Status Quo and Trend of the Physical Training Development in China and USA

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    闫琪

    2011-01-01

    Physical training has become a hot topic in sports scientific researches in China. And many sports scientists around the world pay great attention to this issue. Based on the development status of physical training in China, the basic requirements made by NSCA for trainers and the fine results achieved by some provincial and municipal sports scientific research institutes on physical training, the article elaborates on the necessity of developing physical training researches in the different provincial and municipal sports scientific research institutes.%体能训练已经成为目前国内体育科研的热点研究领域,在世界范围内也是众多运动科学专家所关注的焦点。通过国内体能训练发展现状、美国体能协会对体能教练的基本要求以及部分省市体育科研所发展体能训练所取得的良好效果分析,论述了各省市体育科研所开展体能训练研究的必要性。

  15. 河南大学课外体育锻炼开展现状与对策研究%The Status Quo of the Developmen t of Extracurricular Physical Exercise in Henan University and Its Countermeasure

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜丹

    2014-01-01

    Using methods of documentary and investigation , this paper investigates to the status quo of ex-tracurricular physical exercise in Minglun School District of Henan university, It is found that there are a series of problems, such as there is no sound management system of extracurricular physical exercise ;the number of students participating in extracurricular physical exercise is less, and the contents of extracur-ricular physical exercise is inferior interesting.A diversified, multi-level and comprehensive content of extracurricular physical exercise should be established and the elastic management system should be es-tablished, to ensure the operation of the extracurricular physical exercise, and to offer the students larger selective space, to meet the needs of students as much as possible.%运用文献资料法、调查法对河南大学明伦校区的课外体育锻炼的情况进行了调查研究,结果发现没有健全的课外体育锻炼管理系统;参加课外体育锻炼的人数少、课外体育锻炼内容的趣味性低等一系列问题。为保障课外体育锻炼的顺利进行,要建立课外体育锻炼的弹性管理系统,建立多元化、多层次、全方位的课外体育锻炼内容,给学生以较大的选择性空间,尽可能地满足学生的需求。

  16. Tidal Effects on Groundwater in a Very Small Tropical Island: A Study on the Groundwater Resources of Pag-asa Island, Kalayaan Island Group

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John Ong

    2000-12-01

    Full Text Available The Pag-asa Island, with its very small land area and low relief, has a very limited fresh water supply occurring as a thin freshwater lens. Climate, topography, vegetation, lithology, human abstractions, and tides affect the volume of the freshwater lens. Topographic and hydrogeologic surveys, coupled with a 72-hour groundwater-monitoring program were done to assess the effects of tides on the freshwater lens.Groundwater parameters measured in wells during the monitoring program include variations in water table depths, specific electrical conductivity (SEC, and temperature. Changes in these parameters were then correlated with the observed variations of the tides.The groundwater levels oscillate with the tides at varying amplitudes. The hydraulic properties of the lithologies making up the island's aquifer influence the amplitude of the oscillations. Groundwater level oscillations are least in the reef materials and greatest in the sandy materials where it is nearly simultaneous with the tidal variations. High electrical conductivity values are marked in wells built near the coasts and in sandy materials.The average annual precipitation is approximately 2,020 mm. Based on empirical studies, the estimated sustainable yield for small tropical islands is 6% of the lowest annual rainfall or about 20,300 m3/yr for Pag-asa Island.

  17. Hypernuclear physics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A brief overview of progress made in the study of hypernuclear physics is presented. The use of Λ-hypernuclei to study properties of conventional (nonstrange) nuclei is explored. Our knowledge of the hyperon-nucleon force is reviewed. Anecdotal examples of interesting hypernuclear phenomena are discussed. The status of Σ-hypernuclei is considered along with a search for the ''H'' dibaryon. 30 refs., 10 figs

  18. Long-term effects of 1-year maintenance training on physical functioning and health status in patients with COPD: A randomized controlled study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ringbaek, Thomas; Brondum, Eva; Martinez, Gerd; Thogersen, Jane; Lange, Peter

    2010-01-01

    PURPOSE: To examine whether maintenance training (MT) for 1 year improved the long-term effects of a 7-week chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) rehabilitation program. METHODS: After a 7-week outpatient rehabilitation program, 96 patients with COPD were randomized to either an MT group (n...... = 55) or a control group (n = 41). Both groups were requested to continue unsupervised training at home. The MT group received weekly supervised training the first 6 months, supervised training every second week the next 6 months, and finally no supervised training the last 6 months of the 18-month...... study period. Primary effect parameters were Endurance Shuttle Walk Test (ESWT) time and health status (St. George's Respiratory Questionnaire, SGRQ). Secondary effect parameters were adherence to supervised training, dropout rates, and hospitalization. RESULTS: Compared with the control group, the MT...

  19. Long-term effects of 1-year maintenance training on physical functioning and health status in patients with COPD: A randomized controlled study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ringbaek, Thomas; Brondum, Eva; Martinez, Gerd; Thogersen, Jane; Lange, Peter

    2010-01-01

    study period. Primary effect parameters were Endurance Shuttle Walk Test (ESWT) time and health status (St. George's Respiratory Questionnaire, SGRQ). Secondary effect parameters were adherence to supervised training, dropout rates, and hospitalization. RESULTS: Compared with the control group, the MT...... months, the score was 1.7 units (95% confidence interval: -0.7 to 4.1) worse than at randomization. There was no difference between the 2 groups regarding dropout rates or hospitalization. DISCUSSION: Weekly MT for 12 months improved walking time but had no influence on health-related quality of life or......PURPOSE: To examine whether maintenance training (MT) for 1 year improved the long-term effects of a 7-week chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) rehabilitation program. METHODS: After a 7-week outpatient rehabilitation program, 96 patients with COPD were randomized to either an MT group (n...

  20. Physic status and working ability of the persons affected at the Chernobyl accident during recovery and short-term effects of acute radiation disease

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Analysis of the results of clinicopsychological investigation of persons developing ARS (1-3 degree of severity) as a result of the Chernobyl accident has shown that 4-6 mos. after the exposure the psychic status and mental working ability of the affected persons showed close correlation with a degree of ARS. In 12-18 mos. profession and adequate employment played a decisive role in the formation of unfavorable psychic conditions and limited working ability. Later on in 2.5-3 years after exposure a decrease in psychic working ability, the development of unfavorable psychic conditions was noted more frequently in patients with ARS of more severe types and in examinees of older age. At all stages of rehabilitation personality traits of the affected persons play an important role in the revival of working abilities

  1. Status of graduate students participating in physical activity in Tianjin University%天津高校研究生参加体育锻炼的现状研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    原丽颖

    2011-01-01

    With questionnaire survey, interview and mathematical statistics, it made an analysis of six university students in Tianjin for physical activity status, The results show that the graduals' physical exercise is not optimistic. Issues of exercise venues, funding, sports organizations . lacking., sports. knowledge are the restricting factors for Tianjin University graduate students to participate in physical exercise.%采用问卷调查法、访谈法、数理统计法,对天津六所高校研究生体育锻炼的现状进行了调查。结果显示,在读研究生体育锻炼情况不容乐观。体育锻炼的场地、经费、体育活动组织、体育知识匮乏等问题是制约天津高校研究生参加体育锻炼的因素。

  2. Functional independence and health-related functional status following spinal cord injury: A prospective study of the association with physical capacity

    OpenAIRE

    Haisma, Janneke; Post, Marcel; van der Woude, Lucas; Stam, Henk; Bergen, Michael; Sluis, Tebbe; Berg-Emons, Rita; Bussmann, Hans

    2008-01-01

    textabstractObjective: To determine changes in functional independence following spinal cord injury and to evaluate the association between functional independence and physical capacity. Design: Multi-centre prospective cohort study. Subjects: Patients with spinal cord injury admitted for initial rehabilitation. Methods: The motor Functional Independence Measure (FIMmotor) was determined at the start of rehabilitation (n=176), 3 months later (n=124), at discharge (n=160) and one year after di...

  3. 物理治疗师胜任特征研究现状%Research Status of Competency for Physical Therapist (review)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    萧敦武; 王詠; 伊丽奇

    2016-01-01

    胜任特征是管理学领域得到深入研究的热点之一。本文简要介绍胜任特征和胜任特征模型的概念、构建胜任特征模型的方法;详细介绍爱尔兰、英国、加拿大、美国、世界物理治疗联盟、澳大利亚发布的有关物理治疗师胜任特征文件(或类似文件),并简单介绍国内物理治疗师胜任特征研究的情况。%Competency has been talked and studied a lot on management science. This article briefly reviewed the concept of competen-cy and competency model with its construction methodology. The details of the documents (or analogous documents), that described the competencies for physical therapist published by Ireland, UK, Canada, USA, World Confederation for Physical Therapy, and Australia, were introduced. Then the research development of competencies for physical therapist in China was represented.

  4. Brief Report: Understanding Intention to Be Physically Active and Physical Activity Behaviour in Adolescents from a Low Socio-Economic Status Background: An Application of the Theory of Planned Behaviour

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duncan, Michael J.; Rivis, Amanda; Jordan, Caroline

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this brief report is to report on the utility of the Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB) for predicting the physical activity intentions and behaviour of British adolescents from lower-than-average socio-economic backgrounds. A prospective questionnaire design was employed with 197, 13-14 year olds (76 males, 121 females). At time 1…

  5. Estado nutricional, medidas antropométricas, nivel socioeconómico y actividad física en universitarios brasileños Nutritional status, anthropometrical measurements, socio-economic status, and physical activity in Brazilian university students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F. Martins Bion

    2008-06-01

    el lugar de realización de las comidas, el desayuno, en su mayoría (76%, era realizado en casa, seguido de la cena (56%. Mientras que el almuerzo (41% y la merienda 1 (34%, en la Universidad. Entre las alumnas que no han informado del lugar en el que hacían las comidas ha habido un porcentaje mayor para las grandes y menor para las pequeñas comidas. Los tipos principales de comidas consumidas han sido desayuno, almuerzo y cena (98%. Para las pequeñas comidas, los valores han sido: merienda 1 (54%, merienda 2 (61%, merienda 3 (45%. El análisis del consumo alimentario por tres días ha revelado ingestión de energía con déficit del 21% en relación a lo recomendado (p Introduction: The physical activity and adequate food plays a key role in improving health and the control of diseases. Objective: This paper aims at determining the nutritional state through antropometric measures, socioeconomic level, the most common illnesses and type of physical activity, beyond food consumption and the place where meals are taken, of under-graduate students of the Nutrition course in UFPE. Methods: The sample is constituted of 68 female students, of different periods and at ages between 18 and 27 years old. The process of selection of the sample was for convenience. The students voluntarily participated and answered three questionnaires, respectively, on their socioeconomic level (income of the family and possible illnesses they had, measures of the cutaneous folds and type of practiced physical activity; register of consumed foods and local where the meals were carried. Statistical analysis was performed by absolute frequency, percentage, average and standard deviation. The margin of error used in the testing employees was 5%. Results: In relation to the incomes, they had predominated above three minimum wages (86%, the parents have a predominant role in the expenditure of their study (46%, followed by the father (24%, mother (9%, husband (4%, other responsible ones (10%; 7

  6. Demographic and socio-economic factors affecting the physical development, haemoglobin and parasitic infection status of schoolchildren in Sanliurfa province, Turkey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ulukanligil, M; Seyrek, A

    2004-03-01

    A cross-sectional population-based survey was undertaken to evaluate the relationship between nutritional status and parasitic infections of schoolchildren and demographic, socio-economic factors in Sanliurfa province, southern Turkey. Nine hundred and eight schoolchildren took part in the survey: 57.2% boys and 42.7% girls. The children's mean z scores were as follows: height for age-0.8 (+/-1.0) and weight for age-1.0 (+/-0.9). The mean haemoglobin concentration was 123 g/l (+/-2.1) and the prevalence of parasitic infections was 55.1%. In total, 50.2% of children were hungry when they arrived at school and 13.4% worked after school. Over 70% (70.4%) of mothers and 18.1% of fathers were illiterate, 16.1% of fathers were unemployed and 46.3% of fathers were engaged in low-income labour. The mean number of children in each family was 5.4 (+/-2.5), and the mean number of children from each family who attended school was 2.1 (+/-1.1). The school-attendance ratio was 0.4 (+/-1.0). Data indicated that older children had significantly lower mean z scores of height (P school had significantly lower mean haemoglobin concentrations than those who had eaten (P : 0.04). Multiple regression analyses indicated that mean z scores of height for age were significantly related to maternal (multiple R = 0.183; P school health programmes may improve the nutritional and health status of schoolchildren. The participation of the local community, which such a programme would entail, may help to increase maternal awareness regarding the feeding of their children before sending them to school. School health programmes may also motivate parents to send their daughters to school, thus increasing maternal literacy in the future. In turn, better levels of maternal literacy will positively affect the socio-economic development of society. PMID:15037047

  7. Status Quo of Sports Activities of Handicapped College Students and Physical Exercise Participation Values%我国残疾大学生体育现状及其参与锻炼的价值研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘辉; 刘利江; 唐军

    2011-01-01

    Analysis is conducted to study the status quo of handicapped college student about their participation in sports,obstacles against participation and values of participating in physical exercises on their part,to emphasize the importance of developing sport activities of handicapped college students in times of constructing socialist harmonious society.%对我国残疾大学生体育现状、制约残疾大学生参加体育锻炼的因素和残疾大学生参与体育运动的价值进行分析,提出在构建社会主义和谐社会中发展残疾大学生体育的重要性.

  8. A retrospective study on anthropometrical, physical fitness and motor coordination characteristics that influence drop out, contract status and first-team playing time in high-level soccer players, aged 8 to 18 years.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deprez, Dieter; Fransen, Job; Lenoir, Matthieu; Philippaerts, Renaat M; Vaeyens, Roel

    2014-12-01

    The goal of this manuscript was twofold and a two-study approach was conducted. The first study aimed to expose the anthropometrical, physical performance and motor coordination characteristics that influence drop out from a high-level soccer training program in players aged 8-16 years. The mixed-longitudinal sample included 388 Belgian youth soccer players who were assigned to either a 'club group' or a 'drop out group'. In the second study, cross-sectional data of anthropometry, physical performance and motor coordination were retrospectively explored to investigate which characteristics influence future contract status (contract vs. no contract group) and first-team playing time for 72 high-level youth soccer players (mean age=16.2 y).Generally, club players outperformed their drop out peers for motor coordination, soccer-specific aerobic endurance and speed. Anthropometry and estimated maturity status did not discriminate between club and drop out players. Contract players jumped further (p=0.011) and had faster times for a 5m sprint (p=0.041) than no contract players. The following prediction equation explains 16.7% of the variance in future playing minutes in adolescent youth male soccer players: -2869.3 + 14.6 * standing broad jump.Practitioners should include the evaluation of motor coordination, aerobic endurance and speed performances to distinguish high-level soccer players further succeeding a talent development program and future drop out players, between 8 and 16 years. From the age of 16 years, measures of explosivity are supportive when selecting players into a future professional soccer career. PMID:25474335

  9. A retrospective study on anthropometrical, physical fitness, and motor coordination characteristics that influence dropout, contract status, and first-team playing time in high-level soccer players aged eight to eighteen years.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deprez, Dieter N; Fransen, Job; Lenoir, Matthieu; Philippaerts, Renaat M; Vaeyens, Roel

    2015-06-01

    The goal of this article was twofold, and a 2-study approach was conducted. The first study aimed to expose the anthropometrical, physical performance, and motor coordination characteristics that influence dropout from a high-level soccer training program in players aged 8-16 years. The mixed-longitudinal sample included 388 Belgian youth soccer players who were assigned to either a "club group" or a "dropout group." In the second study, cross-sectional data of anthropometry, physical performance, and motor coordination were retrospectively explored to investigate which characteristics influence future contract status (contract vs. no contract group) and first-team playing time for 72 high-level youth soccer players (mean age = 16.2 years). Generally, club players outperformed their dropout peers for motor coordination, soccer-specific aerobic endurance, and speed. Anthropometry and estimated maturity status did not discriminate between club and dropout players. Contract players jumped further (p = 0.011) and had faster times for a 5-m sprint (p = 0.041) than no contract players. The following prediction equation explains 16.7% of the variance in future playing minutes in adolescent youth male soccer players: -2,869.3 + 14.6 × standing broad jump. Practitioners should include the evaluation of motor coordination, aerobic endurance, and speed performances to distinguish high-level soccer players further succeeding a talent development program and future dropout players, between 8 and 16 years. From the age of 16 years, measures of explosivity are supportive when selecting players into a future professional soccer career. PMID:26010800

  10. Challenges in Hadron Physics

    OpenAIRE

    Meissner, U.G.

    2007-01-01

    The status of hadron physics at the end of the HADRON07 Conference is reviewed. The latest results presented at the conference, as well as those important developments in the field which were not represented, are included.

  11. Elementary particle physics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perkins, D. H.

    1986-01-01

    Elementary particle physics is discussed. Status of the Standard Model of electroweak and strong interactions; phenomena beyond the Standard Model; new accelerator projects; and possible contributions from non-accelerator experiments are examined.

  12. The effect of Nordic Walking on joint status, quality of life, physical ability, exercise capacity and pain in adult persons with haemophilia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salim, Maryem; Brodin, Elisabeth; Spaals-Abrahamsson, Yvonne; Berntorp, Erik; Zetterberg, Eva

    2016-06-01

    Nordic Walking is an exercise form requiring significant energy consumption, but where the use of poles minimizes the risk of injury. The aim of this pilot study was to examine the effect of 3 months of Nordic Walking on males (>40 years of age) with haemophilia, regarding joint function (Haemophilia Joint Health Score), physical ability (Haemophilia Exercise Project - Test-Questionnaire), exercise capacity (6-min walking test), pain (visual analogue scale) and quality of life (the Swedish version of The Short Form Health Survey, SF-36). Pre-interventional and post-interventional scores of above-mentioned parameters were analysed, using Wilcoxon Signed Ranks Test. Eleven participants were recruited to the study. Statistically significant improvements were observed in physical ability (P value: 0.01) and body perception (P value: 0.02). The intervention did not increase number of bleedings or factor consumption. This is the first study ever evaluating Nordic Walking in persons with haemophilia. Our results suggest that Nordic Walking is safe and efficient, also in patients with haemophilic arthropathy. PMID:27124104

  13. Consideration on the current status and issues of sensitive information management concerning the physical protection of nuclear material and nuclear facilities

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The confidentiality system concerning the physical protection of nuclear materials and nuclear facilities was enacted by revision of the Nuclear Reactor Regulation Law in 2005. We made a comparative analysis with the information security in governmental agencies or financial sectors, in order to consider the way the sensitive information management concerning the physical protection of nuclear materials and nuclear facilities should be. The considerations in this paper are as follows. (1) In order to secure a suitable level of security, close cooperation should be achieved among related governmental agencies. (2) A cycle that continuously evaluates whether suitable management is performed should be established. (3) Excessive secretiveness should be eliminated. (4) An information-sharing system among the related persons beyond the frame of governmental agencies and electricity companies should be established. (5) Improvement in the social acceptability of the sensitive information management is important. (6) Although it is important to perform evaluation by the consideration of suitable balance with information disclosure, it is also important that it is positively shown to society. (author)

  14. Aspects of Computability in Physics

    OpenAIRE

    Shipman, Joseph

    1997-01-01

    This paper reviews connections between physics and computation, and explores their implications. The main topics are computational "hardness" of physical systems, computational status of fundamental theories, quantum computation, and the Universe as a computer.

  15. TDPAC measurements of the EFG in Hf2Fe compound and the interpretation of the results by the FP-LMTO-ASA Method

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The time differential perturbed angular correlation (TDPAC) technique has been used to investigate the temperature dependence of the electric field gradient (EFG) at 181Ta ion probe in the intermetallic compound Hf2Fe. The results of the measurements at 78 K are compared with the theoretical calculations performed by the first-principle full potential (FP) linear muffin tin orbital (LMTO) method in the atomic sphere approximation (ASA). The experimental results for two inequivalent Hf sites in Hf2Fe reveal very large differences concerning the EFG values and their temperature dependencies. These facts are confirmed by the theoretical calculations and could be explained by the existence of different mechanisms of formation of the EFG's at these sites. (authors)

  16. Discovery of a Promissing Candidate of WZ Sge-Type Dwarf Novae, ASAS 160048-4846.2: Evidence for Double-Peaked Humps

    CERN Document Server

    Imada, A; Imada, Akira

    2005-01-01

    We report on time-resolved CCD photometry during the 2005 June outburst of a dwarf nova, ASAS160048-4846.2. The observed light curves unambiguously showed embryonic humps with a period of 0.063381(41) days, after which genuine superhumps emerged with a period of 0.064927(3) days. Based on evidence for double-peaked humps in the earlier stage of the outburst, this object might be qualified as the seventh member of WZ Sge-type dwarf novae after Var Her 04. If the former period is the same as, or very close to the orbital period of the system, as in other WZ Sge systems, the fractional superhump excess is about 2.4${%}$. This value is unexpectedly larger than that of other WZ Sge-type dwarf novae. The early phase of our observing run provided evidence for the transition from chaotic humps to genuine superhumps, together with increasing the amplitude.

  17. The interrelationship of research in the laboratory and the field to assess hydration status and determine mechanisms involved in water regulation during physical activity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stachenfeld, Nina S

    2014-05-01

    Changes in skin blood and sweating are the primary mechanisms for heat loss in humans. A hot, humid environment concomitant with dehydration limits the ability to increase skin blood flow for the purpose of transferring heat from the body core to skin surface and evaporate sweat to maintain core temperature within safe limits during exercise. Adequate hydration improves thermoregulation by maintaining blood volume to support skin blood flow and sweating. Humans rely on fluid intake to maintain total body water and blood volume, and have developed complex mechanisms to sense changes in the amount and composition of fluid in the body. This paper addresses the interrelationship of research in the laboratory and the field to assess hydration status involved in body water and temperature regulation during exercise. In the controlled setting of a research laboratory, investigators are able to investigate the contributions of volume and tonicity of fluid in the plasma to body water and temperature regulation during exercise and recovery. For example, laboratory studies have shown that tonicity in a rehydration beverage maintains the thirst mechanism (and stimulates drinking), and contributes to the ongoing stimulation of renal fluid retention hormones, ultimately leading to a more complete rehydration. Research in the field cannot control the environment precisely, but these studies provide a natural, 'real-life' setting to study fluid and temperature regulation during exercise. The conditions encountered in the field are closest to the environment during competition, and data collected in the field can have an immediate impact on performance and safety during exercise. There is an important synergy between these two methods of collecting data that support performance and protect athletes from harm during training and improve performance during competition. PMID:24791921

  18. n-3 PUFA status in school children is associated with beneficial lipid profile, reduced physical activity and increased blood pressure in boys

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Damsgaard, Camilla T.; Stark, Ken D.; Hjorth, Mads F.;

    2013-01-01

    relationship between fasting whole-blood EPA or DHA (w/w% of the total fatty acids, FA%) and markers of the MetS (anthropometry, blood pressure, plasma lipids and glucose homeostasis) cross-sectionally in seventy-three 8–11-year-old Danish children from the OPUS School Meal Pilot Study (OPUS is an acronym of......:TAG increased with whole-blood EPA (β>0·25, P<0·05), and HDL increased 0·35 (sem 0·13) mmol/l per FA% EPA increase (β = 0·30, P= 0·008). Unexpectedly, DHA was positively associated with mean arterial pressure in boys (6·3 (sem 1·7) mmHg/FA% DHA increase, β = 0·62, P= 0·001) and reduced physical activity in both...

  19. Stock Status

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — These data inform the public of the most recent stock status for all stocks (FSSI and non-FSSI) in the fishery management unit contained in a fishery managment...

  20. DUMAND II status report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The scientific goals, design, capabilities, and status of the DUMAND II detector system are described. In June, 1989, the High Energy Physics Advisory Panel recommended support for construction of DUMAND II to the U.S. Department of Energy. Funding began in 1990, and prototype development for various detector subsystems is under way. Current plans include deployment of the shore cable, junction box and three strings of optical detector modules in 1992, and expansion to the full 9-string configuration in 1993

  1. Monte Carlo transport in radiotherapy - current status and prospects, and physical data needs. Report of a consultants' meeting 25-29 September 2000, IAEA, Vienna

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The IAEA has maintained an interest in computerized radiotherapy dose calculations going as far back as the nineteen sixties with several publications in the field. In the meantime, powerful general-purpose Monte Carlo codes applicable to the energy range of interest to radiotherapy (roughly 100 keV to 50 MeV photons, electrons and positrons) have emerged. These codes, ETRAN, the ITS system, the EGS system, MCNP, FLUKA, GEANT and more recently PENELOPE and EGSnrc are general-purpose codes intended to address not only the radiotherapy problem, but also dosimetry, high-energy physics, surface analysis, and a wide variety of challenging applications. As these codes are of a general-purpose nature, and designed to address a very wide variety of applications, they are necessarily complex, and contain algorithms and techniques that are either not required for the radiotherapy applications, or are unnecessarily stringent. Consequently, several new Monte Carlo systems and application codes specifically addressed to radiotherapy treatment planning (RTP); namely, MCDOSE, MMC, PEREGRINE, SMC, VMC, VMC++ and DPM have been developed. The design goal of these systems is to provide sufficiently accurate dose calculation and great increases in speed over their general-purpose brethren

  2. Effects of uprooting tree on herbaceous species diversity, woody species regeneration status and soft physical characteristics in a temperate mixed forest of Iran

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Y.Kooch; S.M.Hosseini; J.Mohammadi; S.M.Hojjati

    2012-01-01

    We conducted a study to examine the pattern of development of herbaceous plant species,woody species regeneration and soil physical characteristics after tree uprooting in 20-ha areas of Experimental Forest Station of Tarbiat Modares University located in a temperate forest of Mazandaran province in the north of Iran.Soil bulk density,soil texture and moisture from pit and mound (PM) were measured in the laboratory.Results show that the soil bulk density was most in soil deeper layers at mound top,and the soil moisture content was most in soil deeper layers at Pit bottom.Our study supports that the micro-topography of PM (pit and mound) topography will create a mosaic of environmental conditions.This environmental heterogeneity could be responsible for the diversity of herbaceous plant species and regeneration of woody species.It is recommend that the fallen trees with PM structure should remain in the protected area without clearing as the best option for forest restoration.This information can be useful for forest management that attempts to emulate natural processes.

  3. 廊坊市农村儿童体格发育状况及动向分析%Analysis on Physical Development Status and Trend of Rural Children in Langfang City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张庆菊; 高萍

    2015-01-01

    目的:为掌握我市农村地区儿童的生长发育状况及动向,为我市农村地区儿童的保健工作提供决策依据。方法将我市农村地区1999、2004、2014三个年度的3~7岁儿童生长发育监测资料对照我省城市及全国九市城区的评价标准进行分析。结果1999~2014年的15年中我市农村3~7岁儿童的体格发育速度正处于明显加速增长的时期。结论为了保证我市3~7岁儿童体格快速均匀发展,在今后的育儿工作中既要进一步重视营养均衡,又要加强体育锻炼,尤其是促进胸围发育的锻炼。%Objective To grasp the city rural children's growth and development status and trend and provide basis for decision-making.Methods The age of 3~7 years old children in 1999,2004, 2014 in rural areas of our country were analyzed and refered to the evaluation standard of nine city.Results From 1999 to 2014 the physical development of children in rural areas was in a period of accelerated growth. Conclusion In order to ensure the development of physical and fast development of children aged 3 to 7 years old, in the future child care should further pay attention to nutritional balance, and to strengthen physical exercise, especialy promote breast development.

  4. Status of reactor physics activities on cross section generation and functionalization for the prismatic very high temperature reactor, and development of spatially-heterogeneous codes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    by using the discontinuity factors along with the nodal cross sections. In order to efficiently manage the cross section generation procedures, the X-MANAGER toolkit has been developed, with its functions programmed with UNIX shell commands. The toolkit helps to (1) submit multiple DRAGON jobs for different temperature conditions, (2) merge many ISOTXS files into one ISOTAB file, (3) generate reflector cross sections by executing DRAGON and an auxiliary finite difference code for the 1-D fuel-reflector model, (4) create delta-macroscopic cross sections for control rods comparing un-rodded and rodded ISOTAB files, and so on. In the future, the X-MANAGER toolkit will be extended with more functions for an advanced level of automation. The parallel development of spatially heterogeneous codes is being pursued under other USDOE and international programs. The status of two of these codes (UNIC and DeCART), being leveraged by this project, was reviewed in this work. It was found that much effort is required before these codes can be used for routine evaluations of the prismatic VHTR design

  5. Investigation and Research on the Health Status of Normal Physical Education Teachers in Hubei Province%湖北省师范类体育教师的健康现状调查与研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谭晶晶

    2014-01-01

    为探索改善湖北省师范类体育教师中存在的亚健康现状的有效措施,采用数理统计法、文献资料法、问卷调查法、实验研究法等方法,对湖北省师范类体育教师的健康及健康行为现状进行调查,调查结果显示:湖北省师范类体育教师的身体健康状况不容乐观,患病率最高的疾病为咽炎,占总人数的33.0%,其次是腰背痛、颈椎病和肩周炎,分别占总数的23.0%、19.3%和16.7%;44岁以上的超重人员比较多,体育教师的BMI值及超重和肥胖的比例随年龄的增长有增长的趋势,男体育教师的超重及肥胖的比例高于女体育教师,肥胖较容易发生在60-74岁之间,体育教师晚睡晚起,缺乏健康饮食的关注,吸烟喝酒现象比较多,对自己所患疾病一直进行相关治疗的教师只占调查总人数的11.0%。%Effective measures for improving the normal physical education teachers in Hubei province in the sub-health status, using the mathematical statistics method, literature data method, questionnaire survey method, experimental method, investigation of health and health behavior status of Hubei province teachers of physical education teachers, the survey results showed that: health condition in Hubei normal physical education teachers is not optimistic, the highest prevalence rate of diseases for pharyngitis, accounting for 33% of the total number, followed by low back pain, cervical vertebra diseases and scapulohumeral per arthritis, which accounted for 23%, 19.3% and 16.7%;more overweight people over the age of 44, the proportion of PE Teachers' value of BMI and overweight and obese with the growth of the age growth trend, male physical education teachers in overweight and obesity is higher than the proportion of female physical education teachers, obesity is easy to occur between the ages of 60-74, PE teachers stay up late and get up late, lack of attention to healthy eating, drinking and

  6. Aptidão física, idade e estado nutricional em militares Aptitud física, edad y estado nutricional en militares Physical fitness, age and nutritional status of military personnel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Clarissa Stefani Teixeira

    2010-04-01

    of this decrease due to the aging process and the nutritional status in adult male individuals is not well-known, especially in the Brazilian population. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the levels of physical fitness according to age and the nutritional status in adult male individuals. METHODS: Aerobic and muscular endurance tests as well as flexibility tests and nutritional status assessment were carried out in 1,011 male individuals. Analyses of correlation, covariance and prevalence ratio were performed through Poisson regression. RESULTS: The individuals presented a moderate performance at the physical fitness tests. A decrease in the levels of physical performance according to the aging process was verified, considering all age ranges analyzed. The analysis of covariance corrected by age showed differences (p<0.001 for all tests comparing normal individuals and those with overweight/obesity. The prevalence ratios showed a strong trend toward the decrease in the physical fitness from 18 to 54 years. Individuals aged 41 to 54 years presented prevalences of low VO2max index that were 3.22-fold higher when compared to those aged 18 to 20 and 1.40-fold higher when compared to individuals aged 21 to 25 years. There was a decrease in the VO2max scores in the 18 to 20 age range, when compared to the 41 to 54 age range, of 11.45% in the normal group and 20.91% in the group with overweight and obesity. CONCLUSION: Age and the nutritional status have a strong influence on the decreased physical performance scores, mainly after 30 years of age.

  7. Predictors of Sociometric Status for Low Socioeconomic Status Elementary Mainstreamed Students with and without Special Needs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baydik, Berrin; Bakkaloglu, Hatice

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of the present study is to compare the sociometric status of low socioeconomic status elementary school students with and without special needs and investigate the effects of different variables (gender, age, physical appearance, social skills, behavior problems, and academic competence) on students' sociometric status. Elementary…

  8. Introduction of structured physical examination skills to second year undergraduate medical students [v1; ref status: indexed, http://f1000r.es/xi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rano M Piryani

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Effective learning of physical examination skills (PES requires suitable teaching and learning techniques and assessment methods. The Tribhuvan University (Nepal curriculum recommends involving the departments of Medicine and Surgery in PES training (PEST for second year students as a part of early clinical exposure. The project was developed to make teaching/learning of PES structured, involving eight clinical sciences departments and using appropriate methods for teaching and assessment in KIST Medical College, Nepal. Methods: Irby’s three stages of clinical teaching model (Preparation, Teaching, Reflection, was applied for teaching. Skill acquisition was based on Millers’ learning pyramid at “show how level” and Dreyfus’ competency model at “competent level”. Teaching/learning was conducted in small groups. A tutorial, demonstration and practice (TDS model was developed for teaching/learning techniques based on a simple five-step method for teaching clinical skills. Assessment of effectiveness of training was done at “reaction level” as per Kirkpatrick’s model based on students’ feedback, “shows how level” as per Miller’s pyramid of learning by OSCE and “competent level” as per Dreyfus’ model using retro-pre questionnaire. Results: The analysis of retro-pre questionnaire based on the Dreyfus model found the average skill score (max score 184, before the introduction of the project module as 15.9 (median = 13.5 and after as 116.5 (median = 116. A paired t-test showed the difference to be statistically significant (100.5±23 and 95% CI 95.45 – 105.59. The average overall feedback score for the students on PES training based on seven items on a five point Likert scale was found to be 4.30. The mean total objective structured clinical examination (OSCE score was 3.77 (SD+/- 0.33 out of 5; 80% of students scored more than 70%. Conclusion: Students learned most of the skills with the implementation

  9. Status of physical activities among 379 pupils in Beijing%北京市379名小学生身体活动状况检测分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王晶晶; 李百惠; 王海俊; 马军

    2012-01-01

    Objective Using the objective detection devices to explore the physical activity status in order to provide evidence reated to the physical activity intervention program on child obesity in elementary students.Methods Subjects were elementary students from grades 1-5 of 4 schools in Haidian and Dongcheng districts,Beijing.After measuring their height and weight,an motion sensor was applied to measure physical activities in these 379 pupils.Results Time on moderate to vigorous physical activities (MVPA) among pupils was 74.09 min and the ratio of meeting the recommended time of physical activity was 68.9%.The MVPA time in males (79.46 min) was more than that in females (66.07 min) (P<0.05),with the ratio of meeting the recommended physical activity time in males (78.0%) also larger than that in females (55.3%) (P<0.05).There was no significant difference between low age group and high age group (P>0.05),however,there showed significant difference in light physical activity time among the normal group,overweight group and the obese group (P<0.05).However,there was no significant difference found in MVPA time among the three groups (P> 0.05).Conclusion The ratio of meeting the recommend physical activity time was low.MVPA time should be increased to guarantee the athletic effects and to improve the health stutas in the pupils.%目的 对小学生身体活动状况进行客观检测分析.方法 研究对象为北京市海淀区和东城区4所小学的1~5年级学生共379名,测量其身高、体重后,应用运动感应器进行身体活动的测量.结果 379名小学生中重度身体活动时间每日平均值为74.09 min,其满足身体活动推荐值的比例为68.9%.男生中重度身体活动时间(79.46 min)高于女生(66.07 min) (P<0.05),其满足推荐值的比例(78.0%)也高于女生组(55.3%)(P<0.05).不同年龄组间中重度身体活动时间差异无统计学意义(P>0 05).正常组、超重组和肥胖组学生轻

  10. 乌鲁木齐市中小学教师的健康状况及缺勤情况%Physical Health Status and Related Absenteeism of Teachers in Middle and Elementary Schools in Urumq

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李建光; 白云峰; 刘锡丹; 连玉龙; 刘继文

    2011-01-01

    [目的] 了解乌鲁木齐市中小学教师的生理健康状况及缺勤情况.[方法] 采用整群抽样的方法,对乌鲁木齐市1500名中小学教师进行生理健康状况及缺勤情况的调查.[结果] 女教师、汉族教师、长工龄教师、高中教师的慢性肌肉骨骼损伤患病率偏高(P<0.01);男教师的高血压构成比高于女教师,小学和高中教师的高血糖和高血脂构成比高于初中教师,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);男教师、长工龄教师、高中教师、物理和化学教师的反应灵敏度、运动灵敏度偏低(P<0.01或P<0.05);女教师、初高中教师、大中专教师的缺勤率偏高(P<0.01).[结论] 不同性别、民族、工龄、年级的教师生理健康状况均不同,女教师、初高中教师、大中专教师的缺勤率偏高.%[ Objective ] To study the physical health status and its related absence from work in the middle and elementary school teachers. [ Methods ] One thousand and five hundred teachers were recruited by cluster sampling technique.Information on musculoskeletal disorders and related work leave were collected using the Nordic musculoskeletal disorders standard questionnaire. [ Results ] An elevated prevalence of the chronic muscular skeletal disorders was found in female Han ethnic teachers and teachers with longer teaching history, as well as those who working for senior high schools ( P < 0.01 ). There were more hypertension cases in males versus females. The proportions of hyperglycemia and hyperlipemia in teachers of the primary and senior high schools were higher than that of the junior high schools( P< 0.05 ). Furthermore, lower sensitivity of reaction and movement was observed in male teachers, teachers with longer working history, and teachers in senior high school, as well as those who were teaching physics and chemistry than that of others ( P< 0.01 or P < 0.05 ); and higher absenteeismrate was found in female and teachers both in junior and

  11. Present status of reactor physics in the United States and Japan-II. 2. Three-dimensional nodal transport theory code and its applications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Three-dimensional (3-D) nodal transport methods have been developed in Cartesian and hexagonal geometry as efficient methods for reactor calculations. We have developed a nodal method that is based on the Sn method, which is considered to be more effective than the double P1 (DP1) approximation to describe the angular dependence of the node boundary currents. The efficiency of the method was proved through the Nuclear Energy Agency Committee on Reactor Physics 3-D neutron transport benchmarks in Cartesian geometry. However, for a small fast breeder reactor model with hexagonal geometry (Model 4), accuracy of the method was not so good, and differences from Monte Carlo results were >0.5% in eigenvalue. Moreover, the solution algorithm was found unstable in some cases and failed to converge. To solve the problem, we have made several improvements on the formulation. In the hexagonal nodal code, the Discrete Nodal Transport Method was used, which was originally proposed by Lawrence in Cartesian geometry. Then, to enhance the stability of the solution algorithm, the NEFD algorithm by Badruzzaman was adapted. The advantages of the NEFD algorithm are as follows: 1. The node-averaged angular flux is calculated via the neutron balance equation, while the zeroth-order intra-node angular flux moments are not required. It leads to a considerable decrease in the number of unknowns to be solved (∼40% reduction in total procedures). 2. The outgoing angular flux is independent of the zeroth-order source moment. 3. The ordinary Sn scheme can be used to obtain the node-average angular flux. We found that the treatment of the radial and axial leakage of the node boundary currents is very important for the stability of the solution algorithm. In the quadratic leakage approximation method, the radial distribution of the axial leakage at a relevant node (node n) is expressed by the three averages of the axial leakage at the nodes n-1, n, n+1 using the second-order polynomial series

  12. Present status of reactor physics in the United States and Japan-II. 4. Development of Angular Eigenvalue Method for Radiation Transport Problems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper describes the development of a new semi-analytical method for radiation transport problems in slabs, i.e., the angular eigenvalue method (AEM), and its application to the penetration of gamma rays in slabs. The AEM has been developed as a new method for radiation transport problems in slabs. Detailed mathematical derivation of the method is given in Ref. 1. The AEM is fundamentally based on the method of invariant embedding. A boundary value problem for flux distribution of radiation in a slab is transformed to an initial value problem for a transmission function by the method of invariant embedding. The radiation transport problem in a slab can further be reduced to a more tractable form by using a modified transmission function introduced by the author. It is defined physically as representing the current density of the transmitted radiations through a slab due to radiation from a source in an arrangement where a semi-infinite medium of composition the same as the slab is placed behind the source. The equation for the modified transmission function is a first-order differential equation with a constant coefficient with respect to the slab thickness. According to the AEM, the equation can be solved analytically as a function of the slab thickness, based on the multigroup approximation for energy and the discrete ordinates approximation for the angular variable. The analytical method of solution with respect to the slab thickness can provide solutions free from errors associated with the spatial meshes and from those for deep penetration more easily than other dependable methods. The present method was applied to the penetration of gamma rays. Energy and angular distribution of gamma rays transmitted through a slab due to a monoenergetic and mono-directional source was calculated by the method. The buildup factors of water, iron, and lead for plane isotropic sources in an infinite medium were obtained by combining solutions for mono-directional sources

  13. Theoretical Summary, Electroweak Physics

    OpenAIRE

    Langacker, Paul

    1999-01-01

    Aspects of theoretical electroweak physics are summarized, including the status of electroweak radiative corrections, the hadronic contribution to the running of alpha, global fits to precision data and their implication for testing the standard model and constraining new physics, and electroweak baryogenesis.

  14. Compliance status

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Black, D.G.

    1995-06-01

    This section of the 1994 Hanford Site Environmental Report summarizes the activities conducted to ensure that the Hanford Site is in compliance with federal environmental protection statutes and related Washington State and local environmental protection regulations and the status of Hanford`s compliance with these requirements. Environmental permits required under the environmental protection regulations are discussed under the applicable statute.

  15. Properties of eclipsing binaries from all-sky surveys - I. Detached eclipsing binaries in ASAS, NSVS, and LINEAR

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee ( ), Chien-Hsiu

    2015-11-01

    Eclipsing binaries provide a unique opportunity to measure fundamental properties of stars. With the advent of all-sky surveys, thousands of eclipsing binaries have been reported, yet their light curves are not fully exploited. The goal of this work is to make use of the eclipsing binary light curves delivered by all-sky surveys. We attempt to extract physical parameters of the binary systems from their light curves and colour. Inspired by the work of Devor et al., we use the Detached Eclipsing Binary Light curve fitter (DEBIL) and the Method for Eclipsing Component Identification (MECI) to derive basic properties of the binary systems reported by the All Sky Automated Survey, the Northern Sky Variability Survey, and the Lincoln Near Earth Asteroids Research. We derive the mass, fractional radius, and age for 783 binary systems. We report a subsample of eccentric systems and compare their properties to the tidal circularization theory. With MECI, we are able to estimate the distance of the eclipsing binary systems and use them to probe the structure of the Milky Way. Following the approach of Devor et al., we demonstrate that DEBIL and MECI are instrumental to investigate eclipsing binary light curves in the era of all-sky surveys, and provide estimates of stellar parameters of both binary components without spectroscopic information.

  16. The European Federation of Organisations for Medical Physics. Policy Statement No. 7.1: The roles, responsibilities and status of the medical physicist including the criteria for the staffing levels in a Medical Physics Department approved by EFOMP Council on 5th February 2016.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Evans, Stephen; Christofides, Stelios; Brambilla, Marco

    2016-04-01

    This EFOMP Policy Statement is an amalgamation and an update of the EFOMP Policy Statements No. 2, 4 and 7. It presents guidelines for the roles, responsibilities and status of the medical physicist together with recommended minimum staffing levels. These recommendations take into account the ever-increasing demands for competence, patient safety, specialisation and cost effectiveness of modern healthcare services, the requirements of the European Union Council Directive 2013/59/Euratom laying down the basic safety standards for protection against the dangers arising from exposure to ionising radiation, the European Commission's Radiation Protection Report No. 174: "Guidelines on medical physics expert", as well as the relevant publications of the International Atomic Energy Agency. The provided recommendations on minimum staffing levels are in very good agreement with those provided by both the European Commission and the International Atomic Energy Agency. PMID:27142957

  17. Six Months of Multi-Wavelength Follow-up of the Tidal Disruption Candidate ASASSN-14li and Implied TDE Rates from ASAS-SN

    CERN Document Server

    Holoien, T W -S; Prieto, J L; Stanek, K Z; Dong, Subo; Shappee, B J; Grupe, D; Brown, J S; Basu, U; Beacom, J F; Bersier, D; Brimacombe, J; Danilet, A B; Falco, E; Guo, Z; Jose, J; Herczeg, G J; Long, F; Pojmanski, G; Simonian, G V; Szczygiel, D M; Thompson, T A; Thorstensen, J R; Wozniak, P R

    2016-01-01

    We present ground-based and Swift photometric and spectroscopic observations of the candidate tidal disruption event (TDE) ASASSN-14li, found at the center of PGC 043234 ($d\\simeq90$~Mpc) by the All-Sky Automated Survey for SuperNovae (ASAS-SN). The source had a peak bolometric luminosity of $L\\simeq10^{44}$ ergs s$^{-1}$ and a total integrated energy of $E\\simeq7\\times10^{50}$ ergs radiated over the $\\sim6$ months of observations presented. The UV/optical emission of the source is well-fit by a blackbody with roughly constant temperature of $T\\sim35,000$ K, while the luminosity declines by roughly a factor of 16 over this time. The optical/UV luminosity decline is broadly consistent with an exponential decline, $L\\propto e^{-t/t_0}$, with $t_0\\simeq60$ days. ASASSN-14li also exhibits soft X-ray emission comparable in luminosity to the optical and UV emission but declining at a slower rate, and the X-ray emission now dominates. Spectra of the source show broad Balmer and helium lines in emission as well as st...

  18. An analysis on physical development and nutrient status of 3-6-year-old children in kindergartens%3~6岁幼儿园儿童体格发育与营养状况分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    傅燕青

    2013-01-01

    目的探讨深圳市西乡街道3~6岁幼儿园儿童体格发育与营养状况情况。方法对2008~2012年深圳市西乡街道3~6岁幼儿园儿童的体格发育及营养状况进行走访调查,内容包括对儿童的身高、体重、血常规等方面进行评价,并对调查结果进行分析记录。结果儿童身高、体重、生长发育合格率逐年上升,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);营养不良、发育迟缓、消瘦、贫血患儿逐年下降而肥胖儿逐年升高趋势,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论加强对幼儿园儿童体格发育的检查,可及时掌握儿童身高、体重、营养等身体状况,从而促进其生长发育水平,此外,加强幼儿园卫生保健工作的管理,提高保教人员的卫生知识培训,保证儿童膳食营养的均衡,可避免由营养缺乏和过剩而导致的营养不良、肥胖等问题的发生,同时加强儿童的体格锻炼,保证儿童健康快乐成长。%Objective To probe into the physical development and nutrient status of 3-6-year-old children in kindergartens in Xixiang Street of Shenzhen city. Methods The 3-6-year-old children in kindergartens in Xixiang Street of Shenzhen was interviewed and investigated from 2008 to 2012. The content covered the evaluations of height,weight and routine blood test. And,the investigation results were recorded and analyzed. Results The acceptance rate of height,weight and growing development of children were increased year by year,and the difference was significant(P<0.05);the number of children with malnutrition,hypoevolutism,marasmus and anemia was reduced yearly,and obese children showed an increasing trend,and the difference was significant(P < 0.05). Conclusion The examination of the physical development of children in kindergartens should be enhanced. Thus,we can grasp timely the health of children including height,weight and nutrient status,and promote their growing development

  19. Status Epilepticus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seinfeld, Syndi; Goodkin, Howard P; Shinnar, Shlomo

    2016-01-01

    Although the majority of seizures are brief and cause no long-term consequences, a subset is sufficiently prolonged that long-term consequences can result. These very prolonged seizures are termed "status epilepticus" (SE) and are considered a neurological emergency. The clinical presentation of SE can be diverse. SE can occur at any age but most commonly occurs in the very young and the very old. There are numerous studies on SE in animals in which the pathophysiology, medication responses, and pathology can be rigorously studied in a controlled fashion. Human data are consistent with the animal data. In particular, febrile status epilepticus (FSE), a form of SE common in young children, is associated with injury to the hippocampus and subsequent temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) in both animals and humans. PMID:26931807

  20. 基于症状自评量表的老年躯体疾病患者心理健康状况分析%The Mental Health Status of Elderly Patients With Physical Diseases Based on SCL-90

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    方必基; 刘彩霞; 方菁

    2015-01-01

    Objective To explore the mental health status of elderly patients with physical diseases based on SCL - 90,in order to provide references for the mental nursing and relevant work for elderly patients with physical diseases. Methods We made a retrieval in CNKI,Wanfang,ⅤIP and other electronic databases for 2004—2013 literatures about the assessment of the mental health status of elderly patients with physical diseases by SCL - 90. A total of 71 pieces of literature that accorded with inclusion criteria were acquired,including 90 effective samples and 8 632 subjects. According to ICD- 10,the subjects were divided into seven categories including digestive system,circulatory system,respiratory system, orthopedics,five sense organs,tumor( all kinds of cancer)and others( such as sleep disorder and unidentified disease) . Compared with the SCL - 90 adult norm,related statistics of meta - analysis are computed by SPSS 11. 5 on the collected data. Comparison was made in SCL - 90 factor scores among elderly patients with different categories of physical diseases. Results The average effect size of the SCL - 90 factor scores of the seven categories of subjects was - 0. 09 ~ 1. 43. The subjects were not significantly different from the adult norm in the scores of interpersonal sensitivity of subjects with diseases of digestive system, respiratory system and orthopaedics and the score of obsessive - compulsive symptom of subjects with diseases of respiratory system (P > 0. 05),while all other factor scores of subjects were higher than the adult norm(P < 0. 05). The subjects with different physical diseases were significantly different in SCL - 90 factor scores(P < 0. 05). Conclusion The mental health of elderly patients with physical diseases is in an alarming condition,and different physical diseases have different influences on the mental health of elderly patients. Therefore,it's necessary to carry out corresponding mental interventions to them.%目的:探讨