WorldWideScience

Sample records for arvids vilde adolfs

  1. Vilde saladus lahendatud?

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2016-01-01

    Eduard Vilde kahtlustas, et tema teosest "Külmale maale" on tehtud film, aga tegemist oli arvatavasti 1931. aastal kinos Skandia jooksnud Ameerika filmiga, mis on tehtud John Oxenhami teose järgi ja on väga sarnane Vilde teosega

  2. Tartusse tuleb Wilde'i ja Vilde monument

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1998-01-01

    Tartu kesklinnas Wilde Irish Pubi ees peaks 1999. a. kevadel avatama kirjanike Oscar Wilde'i ja Eduard Vilde pronkskujud. Elusuuruses kirjanikud hakkavad istuma graniitistmel. Idee autorid - pubipidaja Liam Allen, ettevõtja Marju Unt, skulptor Tiiu Kirsipuu.

  3. Adolf Hitler's medical care.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doyle, D

    2005-02-01

    For the last nine years of his life Adolf Hitler, a lifelong hypochondriac had as his physician Dr Theodor Morell. Hitler's mood swings, Parkinson's disease, gastro-intestinal symptoms, skin problems and steady decline until his suicide in 1945 are documented by reliable observers and historians, and in Morell's diaries. The bizarre and unorthodox medications given to Hitler, often for undisclosed reasons, include topical cocaine, injected amphetamines, glucose, testosterone, estradiol, and corticosteroids. In addition, he was given a preparation made from a gun cleaner, a compound of strychnine and atropine, an extract of seminal vesicles, and numerous vitamins and 'tonics'. It seems possible that some of Hitler's behaviour, illnesses and suffering can be attributed to his medical care. Whether he blindly accepted such unorthodox medications or demanded them is unclear.

  4. Betydningen af pesticider for forekomsten af vilde bier

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bruus, Marianne; Dupont, Yoko Luise; Grant, Ruth

    Både i Danmark og andre steder er der observeret en nedgang i de insekter, der bestøver landmandens afgrøder og de vilde planter. Tilbagegangen falder sammen med, at landbrugsdriften er blevet mere intensiv, og anvendelsen af pesticider er øget. Vi ved imidlertid ikke, hvilken rolle pesticiderne ...

  5. Margarita Vilde ja Alban saabuvad aasta lõpuks koju / Gerli Romanovitsh

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Romanovitš, Gerli, 1977-

    2003-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Severnoje Poberezhje 24. dets. lk. 3,5. Afganistani-missioonilt naaseb Margarita Vilde, kes viibis missioonil pommikoerajuhina. Tema abikaasa, esimesel Afganistani-missioonil olnud Heiki Vilde sõnul võiks riik rohkem rõhku panna koerte ja demineerijate ettevalmistusele

  6. Adolf Hitler and His Parkinsonism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhattacharyya, Kalyan B

    2015-01-01

    Research works have suggested almost incontrovertibly, that Adolf Hitler suffered from Parkinsonism. However, the precise nature of his illness had always been controversial and post-encephalitic and idiopathic varieties were the ones which were most commonly thought as the possible etiology. He displayed features like oculogyric crisis, palilalia, and autonomic symptoms which strongly implicate post-encephalitic etiology in the genesis of his illness. Others on the contrary, observed premorbid personality traits like non-flinching mental rigidity, extreme inflexibility, and awesome pedantry; which are often observed in idiopathic Parkinson's disease. Moreover, nonmotor symptoms like disturbed sleep, proneness to temper tantrums, phases of depression, suspiciousness, and lack of trust on colleagues have also been described by various authors. Additionally, he was prescribed methamphetamine by his personal doctor and that might have led to the development of some of the later traits in his personality.

  7. Did Adolf Hitler have syphilis?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Retief, F P; Wessels, A

    2005-10-01

    The evidence that Adolf Hitler might have suffered from incapacitating syphilis is reviewed. Rumors that he acquired syphilis from a prostitute at the age of 20 years, with possible re-infection during World War I, can no longer be verified. Evidence is that he was sexually rather inactive throughout his life. Suggestions that Hitler's cardiac lesion and complaints such as transitory blindness, tremor of his left arm and leg, recurring abdominal pain and a skin lesion of the leg were of syphilitic aetiology cannot be supported. Hitler's progressive mental and physical deterioration after 1942, his growing paranoia, fits of rage, grandiosity and symptoms of possible dementia would fit in neurosyphilis. There are, however, also other explanations for his terminal syndrome, and evidence that repeated clinical examinations did not show the characteristic signs of dementia paralytica or tabes dorsalis, swings the balance of probability away from tertiary syphilis.

  8. Adolf Hitler and His Parkinsonism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kalyan B Bhattacharyya

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Research works have suggested almost incontrovertibly, that Adolf Hitler suffered from Parkinsonism. However, the precise nature of his illness had always been controversial and post-encephalitic and idiopathic varieties were the ones which were most commonly thought as the possible etiology. He displayed features like oculogyric crisis, palilalia, and autonomic symptoms which strongly implicate post-encephalitic etiology in the genesis of his illness. Others on the contrary, observed premorbid personality traits like non-flinching mental rigidity, extreme inflexibility, and awesome pedantry; which are often observed in idiopathic Parkinson′s disease. Moreover, nonmotor symptoms like disturbed sleep, proneness to temper tantrums, phases of depression, suspiciousness, and lack of trust on colleagues have also been described by various authors. Additionally, he was prescribed methamphetamine by his personal doctor and that might have led to the development of some of the later traits in his personality.

  9. Johann Friedrich Wilhelm Adolf von Baeyer

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Resonance – Journal of Science Education; Volume 19; Issue 6. Johann Friedrich Wilhelm Adolf von Baeyer: A Pioneer of Synthetic Organic Chemistry. Gopalpur Nagendrappa. General Article Volume 19 Issue 6 June 2014 pp 489-522 ...

  10. Adolf Loos y el despertar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Espuelas

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Walter Benjamin utiliza en el Libro de los Pasajes la metáfora de la acción de des­pertar para explicar la entrada en la modernidad de la sociedad burguesa del siglo XIX. Y pone la obra de Marcel Proust como ejemplo privilegiado de este cambio. Adolf Loos en arquitectura juega un papel similar al de Proust en literatura: despoja los interiores de las casas burguesas de oscuridad y simbolismo. La arquitectura de Loos incorpora dos rasgos del espíritu moderno: el dinamismo y la simultaneidad. Loos organiza los espacios de sus viviendas con una fuerte teatral­idad. La casa se hace con una suma de escenarios simultáneos puestos en relación por juegos de escaleras múltiples y aperturas visuales. La acción de subir o bajar una escalera introduce el dinamismo del que prescindía la casa burguesa del siglo XIX. Las piezas, situadas como pequeños escenarios, convierten a sus habitantes en instantáneos actores de lo cotidiano.

  11. "Vilde jootraha" : võimuvõitlus ressursside pärast või ideoloogiline konflikt? Sotsiaalne reaalsus meediatekstides / Kristel Rattus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rattus, Kristel

    2004-01-01

    "Vilde jootrahana" on ajalukku läinud 1913. aastal Eesti kirjandusringkondades puhkenud skandaal, mille tekitas Eesti Kirjanduse Seltsi otsus jätta auhinnast ilma Eduard Vilde näidend "Tabamata ime"

  12. Adolf Beck: A forgotten pioneer in electroencephalography

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Coenen, A.M.L.; Fine, E.; Zayachkivska, O.

    2014-01-01

    Adolf Beck, born in 1863 at Cracow (Poland), joined the Department of Physiology of the Jagiellonian University in 1880 to work directly under the supervision of the prominent physiology professor, Napoleon Cybulski. Following his suggestion, Beck started experimental studies on the electrical brain

  13. Viewpoint (Gustav-Adolf Voss)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    1995-01-01

    Retiring after a distinguished f i career, including 14 years at the Cambridge (Massachusetts) Electron Accelerator and 22 years as Head of the Accelerator Department at the DESY Laboratory in Hamburg (March/April, page 6), Gustav-Adolf Voss was invited to give a 'Personal Perspective of High Energy Accelerators' at the Particle Accelerator Conference in Dallas, Texas, in May, of which we publish an abbreviated version. At the beginning of this year I retired as Head of the Accelerator Department at the Deutsches Elektronen Synchrotron, DESY, in Hamburg, a position I had held for 22 years. An invitation to talk gives me a chance to thank my teachers, colleagues and friends from the 37 years I have been working in the accelerator field. My first teachers were Stanley M. Livingston, Ken Robinson and Tom L. Collins. It is widely known that Livingston built the first working cyclotron as his PhD thesis under Ernest Lawrence. It is also known that Lawrence was inspired with the cyclotron idea by reading Rolf Wideroe's pioneer linear accelerator paper in 1927. Rolf Wideroe, although 93 now, is still full of ideas, which he sometimes tries out on me. Accelerator science does not have a long history. Ken Robinson was the legendary genius who developed most of the theory of electron synchrotrons and storage rings single-handed and in whose unpublished papers, found after his death, the basics of the free electron laser had been developed, a full 10 years ahead of time. Tom Collins was Assistant Director at the Cambridge Electron Accelerator (CEA), my first real workplace. He developed the 'Collins Straight Section' and furthered my technical education. Among my CEA colleagues and friends were also Karl Strauch, John Rees, Ewan Paterson, Herman Winick and Albert Hofmann. When I started in the accelerator field, life was different. The first atomic bomb had been exploded not much more than a decade earlier and the prestige of the nuclear physicist was

  14. Kai Adolf Jensen, professor i almindelig patologi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Høiby, Niels

    2016-01-01

    for the Bacillus Calmette-Guérin vaccine production and supervised many young scientists’ doctoral theses on the aspects of tuberculosis. He became internationally recognized, and he revealed an important scientific fraud in the laboratory of the Austrian professor Ernst Löwenstein (1878-1950), who claimed that he...... could detect M. tuberculosis in blood cultures as a cause of a multitude of diseases. He was a pioneer in eradication of bovine tuberculosis in Denmark which became the first country in the world where this happened. Kai Adolf Jensen held the position as professor of general pathology from 1940 to 1965...

  15. A commentary on Adolf Eichmann's Rorschach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCully, R S

    1980-06-01

    A Rorschach was administered to Adolf Eichmann in Jerusalem in 1961 at the time of his trial for war crimes. The recent publication of this protocol offers an opportunity to compare his personal world against opinions formed about him by observers at his trial. Various professionals certified Eichmann as a banal, ordinary man, and a societal theory was proposed about Nazism based in part on impressions of Eichmann as an uncomplicated man. This commentary examines Eichmann's protocol and provides an opinion that in several important respects his record includes features uncharacteristic of an ordinary, banal mind.

  16. [Ophthalmologists in the proximity of Adolf Hitler].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rohrbach, J M

    2012-10-01

    Adolf Hitler met or at least knew about 5 ophthalmologists. The chair of ophthalmology in Berlin, Walther Löhlein, personally examined Hitler's eyes at least two times. The chair of ophthalmology in Breslau, Walter Dieter, developed "air raid protection spectacles" with the aid of high representatives of the NS-system and probably Adolf Hitler himself. Heinrich Wilhelm Kranz became rector of the universities of Giessen and Frankfurt/Main. He was known as a very strict advocate of the NS-race hygiene. Werner Zabel made plans for Hitler's diet and tried to interfere with Hitler's medical treatment. Finally, Hellmuth Unger was an influential representative of the medical press and a famous writer. Three of his novels with medical topics were made into a film which Hitler probably saw. Hitler had, so to say, a small "ophthalmological proximity" which, however, did not play a significant role for himself or the NS-state. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  17. Overvågning af aviær influenza i vilde fugle i Danmark 2014

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hjulsager, Charlotte Kristiane; Krog, Jesper Schak; Madsen, Jesper J.

    Overvågningen af aviær influenza (AI) virus i vilde fugle i Danmark i 2014 blev udført i samarbejde mellem Veterinærinstituttet, Danmarks Tekniske Universitet (DTU-VET), Fødevarestyrelsen (FVST) og Statens Naturhistoriske Museum, Københavns Universitet (SNM) i henhold til ” Projektplan vedr....... overvågningen af aviær influenza i vilde fugle i Danmark i 2014” (bilag 4). Overvågning af AI på EU niveau går tilbage til 2002, og Danmark er underlagt EU kommissionens bestemmelser for udformning af overvågningen, der dog har skiftet gennem årene i takt med indhøstede erfaringer. I 2014 blev der udført passiv...

  18. Adolf Hitler had post-encephalitic Parkinsonism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lieberman, A

    1996-04-01

    Adolf Hitler had Parkinson symptoms in 1934, at age 45 years. He may have had transient symptoms in 1923, at age 34 years. Young-onset parkinsonism, during the 1920s, favored a diagnosis of post-encephalitic rather than idiopathic parkinsonism. Hitler had oculogyric crises, phenomena only associated with post-encephalitic parkinsonism. In addition, he had dystonic facial spasms, palilalia and a sleep disorder, phenomena more likely to be associated with post-encephalitic than idiopathic parkinsonism. In November 1918, at age 29 years, Hitler may have had von Economo's encephalitis, while he was a patient in a hospital, recovering from poison gas. This paper looks at the possible relationship of von Economo's encephalitis to Hitler's asocial behavior; his obsessions and compulsions, his cruelty and rages. The influence of Hitler's parkinsonism on his conduct during World War II is discussed.

  19. [Adolf Lorenz's decision to study medicine].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holzer, Gerold

    2017-04-01

    The childhood and adolescence years are decisive in life. It was the aim of this study to analyze the pubertal years of Adolf Lorenz, the founder of Austrian orthopedics who left his mark in all parts of the world, with respect to his choice of profession. As the son of poor people from the former frontier region of the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy with Poland, then known as Austrian-Silesia, he was provided with a scholarship in a boys' choir at a Carinthian monastery and then continued his studies at a college in Klagenfurt, capital of Carinthia. He spent the last year at college as a private teacher in Transylvania and passed his maturity examination as an extraordinary pupil. During this time he decided to study medicine. The people he then met and the events leading to this decision are illustrated in this article.

  20. Adolf Eichmann: ¿"subjetividad" posmoderna?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ALBERTO SLADOGNA

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available La subjetividad es sólo social y se la estudia a partir de un caso: las actividades de Adolf Eichmann, burócrata del exterminio nazi, quien efectuaba el traslado ferroviario de las víctimas hacia las cámaras de gas de Auschwitz. Él pone a consideración de la clínica y del psicoanálisis una interrogación de la culpa descubierta por Freud e interrogada por Lacan: ya no estamos ante un sujeto culpable de haber nacido -su deuda-, sino que la culpa, a partir de Eichmann, es del otro/Otro. La posmodernidad surge de Auschwitz; el psicoanálisis está concernido por ese acontecimiento -Lacan, 9/10/1967-.

  1. Overvågning af aviær influenza i vilde fugle i Danmark 2013

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hjulsager, Charlotte Kristiane; Krog, Jesper Schak; Madsen, Jesper J.

    Overvågningen af aviær influenza (AI) virus i vilde fugle i Danmark i 2012 er udført i samarbejde mellem Fødevarestyrelsen (FVST), Veterinærinstituttet, Danmarks Tekniske Universitet (DTU-VET) og Statens Naturhistoriske Museum, Københavns Universitet (SNM) i henhold til ”Aftale mellem Fødevaresty......Overvågningen af aviær influenza (AI) virus i vilde fugle i Danmark i 2012 er udført i samarbejde mellem Fødevarestyrelsen (FVST), Veterinærinstituttet, Danmarks Tekniske Universitet (DTU-VET) og Statens Naturhistoriske Museum, Københavns Universitet (SNM) i henhold til ”Aftale mellem...... Fødevarestyrelsen og Veterinærinstituttet om overvågning af aviær influenza i vilde fugle i Danmark i 2012” (bilag 4). Overvågning af AI på EU niveau går tilbage til 2002, og Danmark er underlagt EU kommissionens bestemmelser for udformning af overvågningen, der dog har skiftet gennem årene i takt med indhøstede...... erfaringer. I 2012 blev der udført passiv overvågning af døde vilde fugle, der blev fundet i naturen på lokaliteter, der fordelte sig over det meste af landet. Der blev testet 18 fugle, og ingen af disse var positive for HPAI. To prøver var positive for LPAI virus, men disse virus var ikke af influenza A H5...

  2. Overvågning af aviær influenza i vilde fugle 2012 i Danmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hjulsager, Charlotte Kristiane; Trebbien, Ramona; Madsen, Jesper J.

    Overvågningen af aviær influenza (AI) virus i vilde fugle i Danmark i 2012 er udført i samarbejde mellem Fødevarestyrelsen (FVST), Veterinærinstituttet, Danmarks Tekniske Universitet (DTU-VET) og Statens Naturhistoriske Museum, Københavns Universitet (SNM) i henhold til ”Aftale mellem Fødevaresty......Overvågningen af aviær influenza (AI) virus i vilde fugle i Danmark i 2012 er udført i samarbejde mellem Fødevarestyrelsen (FVST), Veterinærinstituttet, Danmarks Tekniske Universitet (DTU-VET) og Statens Naturhistoriske Museum, Københavns Universitet (SNM) i henhold til ”Aftale mellem...... Fødevarestyrelsen og Veterinærinstituttet om overvågning af aviær influenza i vilde fugle i Danmark i 2012” (bilag 4). Overvågning af AI på EU niveau går tilbage til 2002, og Danmark er underlagt EU kommissionens bestemmelser for udformning af overvågningen, der dog har skiftet gennem årene i takt med indhøstede...... erfaringer. I 2012 blev der udført passiv overvågning af døde vilde fugle, der blev fundet i naturen på lokaliteter, der fordelte sig over det meste af landet. Der blev testet 18 fugle, og ingen af disse var positive for HPAI. To prøver var positive for LPAI virus, men disse virus var ikke af influenza A H5...

  3. Book Review: Adolf Hitler. Legende, mythe, werkelijkheid | Ploeger ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Abstract. Book Title: Adolf Hitler. Legende, mythe, werkelijkheid. Book Author: Werner Maser. Uitgeverij De Arbeiderspers, Amsterdam, 1973, pp. 531. Met aantekeninge [pp. 429 - 506] en bibliografie [pp. 507 - 531].

  4. Adolf Sandoz, an Orientalist Painter in Algeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wójcik, Agata

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Adolf Karol Sandoz was a 19th-century Polish artist who spent his life and developed his artistic career in France. In Paris, he studied painting and architecture, and worked as a professional illustrator. He can also be linked with a circle of artist-travellers, who searched for new sources of inspiration in the Orient. In 1879 and 1881, Sandoz travelled in Algeria. He described his impressions from the first journey in vividly written memoires published by the Krakow journal "Czas". His travels inspired several genre paintings, including: "Interior of a house in Biskra", "Dancer from the Uled Nail tribe", "Arab woman by a cradle", "Morning in the Sahara", "Evening in the Sahara", "Oasis", "On the Oued riverbank at El Kantara oasis", and "Sheik Mistress of El Kantara". At present, his works emerge at art auctions, are known from reproductions, or only from descriptions. Sandoz exhibited in Paris, Warsaw, Krakow, and Lviv, where he was appreciated by art critics. The aim of this article is to introduce Sandoz’s journey to Algeria, analyse his paintings with exotic subject matter, and locate them within a wider context of orientalist painting. It will also present the history of artistic travel to Algeria undertaken by 19th-century painters, including those from Poland.

  5. Overvågning af aviær influenza i vilde fugle i Danmark 2016

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hjulsager, Charlotte Kristiane; Krog, Jesper Schak; Madsen, Jesper J.

    H5 eller H7 subtype, påvist i en stormmåge. De øvrige 138 prøver var negative for AI virus. HPAI H5N8 blev også påvist i en hobby besætning i november 2016. Fund af HPAI H5N8 i vilde fugle fortsatte i 2017. Molekylærfylogenetisk analyse af HA genet i HPAI H5N8 virus fundet i Danmark i 2016 viste...

  6. Adolf Behne y la arquitectura moderna = Adolf Behne and the modern architecture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emilia Hernández Pezzi

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Resumen Adolf Behne fue un lúcido crítico alemán de entreguerras. Participó activamente en la evolución de las corrientes culturales de ese tiempo y, pese a su implicación en ellas, las interpretó y valoró con objetividad y acierto. Relacionó arte y arquitectura,  entendiendo que sólo un fuerte compromiso social podía fundamentar este vínculo, y así logró detectar la continuidad entre experiencias tan aparentemente distantes como el expresionismo y el racionalismo moderno y enlazarlas con las tendencias funcionalistas ortodoxas de finales de los veinte. Desde sus privilegiados contactos con artistas y arquitectos observó, analizó, juzgó y actuó como agente catalizador de las  intensas transformaciones que caracterizaron aquel tiempo convulso, seleccionando con hábil criterio los personajes que mejor las representaron. Abstract Adolf Behne was a lucid German critic from the period between the wars. He was actively involved in the evolution of the cultural trends of the time and, despite his own implication, he interpreted and valued them correctly. He related art and architecture, and understood that only a strong social  compromise could found this link, being able this way to detect the continuity between aparently distant experiences such as modern expresionism and rationalism and link them with the ortodox funcionalists trends from the end of the 1920s. From his privileged contacts with artists and architects he observed, analized, judged and acted as a catalyst for the intense transformations that marked those turbulent times, skilfully selecting the characters that pictured them best.

  7. Adol'f Černyj i belorusskaja literatura

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Černý, Marcel

    2014-01-01

    Roč. 6, č. 6 (2014), s. 51-68 ISSN 2081-2515 Institutional support: RVO:68378017 Keywords : Slavonic literary studies * Belarusian studies * Czech-Belarusian literary relations * literary reception * Belarusian literatur * Černý, Adolf (1864-1952) * Kupala, Janka (1882-1942) Subject RIV: AJ - Letters, Mass-media, Audiovision

  8. Mida Adolf Hitler tummfilmis ütles? / Priit Pruul

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pruul, Priit

    2006-01-01

    Frank Huberi poolt välja töötatud arvuti tarkvara ALR võimaldab Adolf Hitlerist tema mägimajas tehtud tummfilmidest välja lugeda füüreri suuliigutustega edasiantud teksti. (The Daily Telegraphi põhjal)

  9. Did Adolf Hitler have syphilis? | Retief | South African Medical Journal

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The evidence that Adolf Hitler may have suffered from incapacitating syphilis is reviewed. Rumours that he acquired syphilis from a prostitute at the age of 20 years, with possible re-infection during World War I, can no longer be verified. Evidence is that he was sexually rather inactive throughout his life. Suggestions that ...

  10. The other immigration to Argentina: the case of Adolf Eichmann

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christian Cwik

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Adolf Eichmann llegó a la Argentina como otros 500 Nazis forajidos a través de una red de traficantes ilegales de migrantes entre 1945 y 1955. Esta red fue el resuldado del interés de la República de Argentina, la Cruz Roja, la Caritas y el Vaticano por un lado y por el otro los delincuentes. Eichmann la cara de la ‘banalidad del mal’, como Hannah Arendt escribió en su libro “Eichmann en Jerusalén: un estudio sobre la banalidad del mal”(2ª. edición, traducción de Carlos Ribalta, Barcelona, Lumen, 1999 tuvo bastantes problemas para integrarse en la sociedad argentina y por ende, fracasó. Adolf Eichmann nacido en 1906 en Solingen/Alemania personificó un caractér típico de la sociedad en la posguerra austriaca-alemana, lo que hizo que fracasara en su vida laboral varias veces durante los veintes y los inicios de los treinta del siglo XX.Palabras Clave: Adolf Eichmann;  Holocausto; Tráfico Ilegal de Migrantes; Inmigración en Argentina; Peronismo; Tribunales Internacionales. La otra inmigración a Argentina: El caso de Adolf EichmannAbstractAdolf Eichmann arrived to Argentina along with other 500 runaway Nazis thorugh a smuggling network between 1945 and 1955. This network was the result of the interest shown by the The Republic of Argentina, the Red Cross, Caritas and the Vatican in one hand; in the other, the criminals of war. Eichmann, the face of Hanna Arendt’s t “Banality of Evil” had numerous troubles to integrate to argentinian society, failing as a result.Adolf Eichmann, born in 1906 in Solingen, Germany, personified a typical Austrian-german postwar character, a fact that conduced to his laboral failure in the twentys and early thirties of the twentieth century.Keywords:Adolf Eichmann; Holocaust; Nazi Criminals; Trafficking of migrants; Post War Period; Immigration to Argentina; Peronism; Mossad; International Tribunal. 

  11. Adolf Friedrich Fercher: a pioneer of biomedical optics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hitzenberger, Christoph K

    2017-11-01

    Adolf Friedrich Fercher, an outstanding pioneer of biomedical optics, passed away earlier this year. He was a brilliant and visionary researcher who pioneered various fields of biomedical optics, such as laser speckle flowgraphy, tissue interferometry, and optical coherence tomography (OCT). On the occasion of the 25th anniversary of OCT, this paper reviews and commemorates Fercher's pioneering work. (2017) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE).

  12. Personage Column:Prof. Dr.Adolf Grünert%人物专栏:Adolf Grünert

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    @@ Adolf Grünert was born in 1938 in Neuleiningen, a lovely western village of Germany in Palatinate (Pfalz).The first seven years of his life were overshadowed by the war as he was living in the war region of western front.Despite of this, his childhood was deeply influenced by the outstanding care and shelter of his parents and the family-life.

  13. The death of Adolf Hitler--forensic aspects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marchetti, Daniela; Boschi, Ilaria; Polacco, Matteo; Rainio, Juha

    2005-09-01

    The death of Adolf Hitler is one of the unsolved mysteries of the twentieth century. Numerous historians and journalists have attempted to piece together the details, but despite the interest in the forensic literature regarding the identification of the body, there has not been much scientific debate about the alleged cause of death--cyanide poisoning, gunshot injury, or both. The available literature concerning Hitler's cause of death is incomplete because the toxicological analysis has not been performed and because the skull bone fragment with a gunshot wound possibly from Hitler's corpse has not been properly examined. This has given basis for various theories, which are reviewed. We believe that mtDNA analysis of the skull fragments and of Hitler's jaw, now filed in Moscow, and samples from maternal relatives of Hitler are crucial linking the skull fragment with the gunshot wound to Hitler.

  14. The unmourned wound: Reflections on the psychology of Adolf Hitler.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferrell, D R

    1995-09-01

    Fifty years after his death by suicide, Adolf Hitler continues to arouse profound feelings of revulsion and attraction. This paper is an exploration of Hitler's psyche from the perspective of a depth psychology. After examining analyses of Hilter's personality by Richard Rubenstein and Alice Miller, the argument is made that we need C.G. Jung's concept of psychic inflation to understand more fully Hitler's impact upon the world. Hitler is seen as inflated by the compensating energies of the Self in response to his deeply wounded ego, a wound he could not mourn. Consequently, he became identified with the dark and destructive energies of the Self which inflated and then usurped his ego. Hitler's demonic and destructive career resulted from that inflation, which he was not able to neutralize. The paper concludes with reflections on the role of mourning in protecting us from the experience of psychic inflation, especially by the Self in its dark and destructive aspects.

  15. Capital Kinnisvara müüs poole Vilde 90 ühiselamust endale / Küllike Rooväli

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rooväli, Küllike, 1969-

    2005-01-01

    Capital Kinnisvara osanik tegi Vilde 90 ühiselamuga näilise müügitehingu, mis peaks sundima Tallinna linna maja juba kokkulepitust varem kõrgema hinnaga ostma, 18 miljni krooniga, mida linn peab liiga kõrgeks.

  16. "Allakäigu" Adolf Hitler paistab päris inimese moodi / Andres Laasik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laasik, Andres, 1960-2016

    2004-01-01

    Mängufilm, kus peategelaseks on Adolf Hitler - "Allakäik" ("Der Untergang") : stsenarist ja produtsent Bernd Eichinger : režissöör Oliver Hirschbiegel : Saksamaa 2004. Lisa "Pimedad Ööd tahavad Hitlerit"

  17. Book review. La forma degli animali. Adolf Portmann

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuel Graziani

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Nel 1931 il biologo Adolf Portmann era già talmente noto a livello internazionale per le sue ricerche da guadagnarsi la cattedra in zoologia nell'università della sua città natale, Basilea, all'età di appena 34 anni. All'attività di docente universitario ha sempre affiancato un'originale riflessione sul significato delle scienze della vita, imponendosi come una delle figure chiave nel dibattito tra biologia teoretica, estetica e antropologia filosofica. La forma degli animali, la sua opera più celebre, si pone al confine tra varie discipline e conserva un grande interesse ancora oggi che il dialogo tra estetica e biologia si è fatto nuovamente intenso. Pubblicata nel 1948 e in forma ampliata nel 1960 (da cui deriva questa prima edizione italiana a cura di Pietro Conte l'opera rappresenta il frutto più maturo delle sue ricerche "interdisciplinari".Un saggio che nasce dall'insoddisfazione nei confronti dei paradigmi scientifici consolidati e che ripropone l'idea morfologica in biologia sulla scorta del pensiero di J. W. Goethe il quale affermava che "tutto ciò che è deve anche dar cenno di sé e mostrarsi". Adolf Portmann è un convinto sostenitore che dalla forma si possano dedurne le complessive caratteristiche interne ed esterne degli animali. Secondo questa prospettiva la peculiare fisionomia dell'organismo dipende dalla congiunzione delle sue parti e dalle loro reciproche funzioni. Tuttavia l'autore non vede nello studio della forma l'alternativa al funzionalismo quanto, piuttosto, il suo necessario bilanciamento come dichiara nell'introduzione: "… per giungere alla conoscenza della vita animale di strade ce ne sono molte, e tutte possono contribuire ad arricchire la nostra esperienza. Questo lavoro si occupa della forma degli animali e si propone di mettere in luce la peculiare natura dell'aspetto visibile. Ci sono persone che si dedicano allo studio degli animali, conoscono moltissime specie, hanno imparato centinaia di nomi e

  18. Adolf Mayer (1843-1942) en zijn betekenis voor de Virologie als wetenschap

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vlak, J.M.

    2007-01-01

    In 2007 is het 125 jaar geleden dat Adolf Mayer voor het eerst zijn baanbrekend werk over het besmettelijk karakter van mozaiekziekte van tabak publiceerde (Mayer, 1882). Deze publicatie, in het Nederlands, in het Groningse Tijdschrift voor Landbouwkunde, markeert het begin van de virologie als

  19. Kuidas Adolf Hitler vahetult enne valimisi Püssirohukeldrisse jõuab / Agni Lass

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lass, Agni

    2005-01-01

    10. sept. esietendub Tartu Püssirohukeldris P. Uttoni "Adolf", mille M. Unt pidi lavastama. Kuid proovideni ta ei jõudnud. See etendub E. Õunapuu käe all, kes tegi M. Undi lavavariandi ümber. Heli- ja lavakujundus ning kostüümid on samuti E. Õunapuult

  20. The Trial of Adolf Eichmann, 1961: Educator's Guide. Live from the Past Series.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sesso, Gloria

    This guide provides information on the life and trial of Nazi Gestapo chief Adolf Eichmann. The guide includes suggested activities, discussion questions, suggested readings, a list of key players of the era, a vocabulary list, and a list of components and key events tied to "The New York Times" of the era. (EH)

  1. Legal-Historical Aspects of Punishment of Nazi Criminals on the Background of the Adolf Eichmann Trial

    OpenAIRE

    Kohout, David

    2013-01-01

    in English Dissertation Thesis David Kohout: Legal-Historical Aspects of Punishment of Nazi Criminals on the Background of the Adolf Eichmann Trial This Dissertation on the topic of "Legal-Historical Aspects of Punishment of Nazi Criminals on the Background of the Adolf Eichmann Trial" seeks to analyze the main approaches to the prosecution and punishment of the Nazi crimes. It was chosen to use the trial of Adolf Eichmann in Jerusalem in years 1961 - 1962 as a connecting thread of this whole...

  2. Seltskond : Tallinna Linnateatri 42. hooaja avasündmus ja kohtumine teatrilegendi Adolf Šapiroga / Annika Haas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Haas, Annika

    2006-01-01

    5. sept. toimus Tallinna Linnateatri 42. hooaja avamine, sai ülevaate teatri plaanidest ja toimus kohtumine Adolf Šapiroga. Uue hooaja plaanidesse kuulub ka töölepingu sõlmimine Tallinna Ülikooliga

  3. Adolf naef (1883-1949): on foundational concepts and principles of systematic morphology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rieppel, Olivier; Williams, David M; Ebach, Malte C

    2013-01-01

    During the early twentieth century, the Swiss Zoologist Adolf Naef (1883-1949) established himself as a leader in German comparative anatomy and higher level systematics. He is generally labeled an 'idealistic morphologist', although he himself called his research program 'systematic morphology'. The idealistic morphology that flourished in German biology during the first half of the twentieth century was a rather heterogeneous movement, within which Adolf Naef worked out a special theoretical system of his own. Following a biographical sketch, we present an English translation of a previously unpublished typescript from Naef's estate, which Naef intended as the introduction to a textbook on Comparative Anatomy for which he was unable to find a publisher before his sudden death in 1949. The typescript contains Naef's mature thoughts with unprecedented conciseness, focus, and clarity. The density of Naef's text warrants a historical and contextual explication of its content.

  4. Understanding the Influence of Parkinson Disease on Adolf Hitler's Decision-Making during World War II.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gupta, Raghav; Kim, Christopher; Agarwal, Nitin; Lieber, Bryan; Monaco, Edward A

    2015-11-01

    Parkinson disease (PD) is a common neurodegenerative disorder characterized by the presence of Lewy bodies and a reduction in the number of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra of the basal ganglia. Common symptoms of PD include a reduction in control of voluntary movements, rigidity, and tremors. Such symptoms are marked by a severe deterioration in motor function. The causes of PD in many cases are unknown. PD has been found to be prominent in several notable people, including Adolf Hitler, the Chancellor of Germany and Führer of Nazi Germany during World War II. It is believed that Adolf Hitler suffered from idiopathic PD throughout his life. However, the effect of PD on Adolf Hitler's decision making during World War II is largely unknown. Here we examine the potential role of PD in shaping Hitler's personality and influencing his decision-making. We purport that Germany's defeat in World War II was influenced by Hitler's questionable and risky decision-making and his inhumane and callous personality, both of which were likely affected by his condition. Likewise his paranoid disorder marked by intense anti-Semitic beliefs influenced his treatment of Jews and other non-Germanic peoples. We also suggest that the condition played an important role in his eventual political decline. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  5. Monsters and Clowns Incorporated: the Representations of Adolf Hitler in British and American WWII Propaganda Posters

    OpenAIRE

    Vallée, Cécile

    2012-01-01

    Dans les affiches de propagande britanniques et américaines de la Seconde Guerre mondiale, les représentations d’Adolf Hitler font de lui soit un monstre effrayant, sanguinaire et diabolique, soit un clown grotesque, un pantin ridicule et risible, une cible qu’il faut frapper, écraser, ou détruire d’une façon ou d’une autre. S’adressant au sens de l’humour du spectateur, à ses peurs ou à son aversion, les artistes de propagande des deux côtés de l’Atlantique utilisent des leviers émotionnels ...

  6. Thirty days at the shooting house: the strange case of Dr. Edmund Forster and Adolf Hitler

    OpenAIRE

    Lewis, David

    2006-01-01

    Em 1918, em um hospital militar da reserva situado na pequena cidade pomerânia de Pasewalk, o neuropsiquiatra Prof. Edmund Forster tratou de um cabo austríaco chamado Adolf Hitler, que apresentava uma neurose de guerra (cegueira histérica), utilizando-se de técnicas terapêuticas sugestivas. Logo após a ascensão de Hitler ao poder na Alemanha nazista, em 1933, o Prof. Forster reuniu-se com um grupo de escritores alemães exilados em Paris e secretamente passou a eles informações sobre o caso. O...

  7. The hysterical blindness of Adolf Hitler: record of a medical chart

    OpenAIRE

    Köpf, Gerhard

    2006-01-01

    Em 1918, no hospital militar de Pasewalk, o psiquiatra professor Edmund Forster trata, por meio da hipnose, o cabo Adolf Hitler de uma "neurose de guerra" (cegueira histérica). Em 1933, Hitler assume o poder sobre a Alemanha nazista. Pouco tempo depois, Forster entra em contato com um grupo de escritores que viviam em exílio em Paris e passa sigilosamente a eles os seus conhecimentos sobre o caso. O escritor Ernst Weiss, também médico, usa essas informações de Forster para escrever o seu roma...

  8. Trinta dias na casa de tiros: o estranho caso do Dr. Edmund Forster e Adolf Hitler

    OpenAIRE

    Lewis,David

    2006-01-01

    Em 1918, em um hospital militar da reserva situado na pequena cidade pomerânia de Pasewalk, o neuropsiquiatra Prof. Edmund Forster tratou de um cabo austríaco chamado Adolf Hitler, que apresentava uma neurose de guerra (cegueira histérica), utilizando-se de técnicas terapêuticas sugestivas. Logo após a ascensão de Hitler ao poder na Alemanha nazista, em 1933, o Prof. Forster reuniu-se com um grupo de escritores alemães exilados em Paris e secretamente passou a eles informações sobre o caso. O...

  9. In searching for the rots of minimalism in architecture: Formal silence of Adolf Loos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vasilski Dragana

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Architectural examples of minimalism, combined with strict forms of modern movements, and the possibilities offered by new materials and technologies, contributing to the triumph of aesthetics that has become a symbol of our times. Minimalism in architecture, as the most original contribution to the idea of simplicity in architecture today has its roots in different areas as well as creation of prominent individuals - copyright strong individualities that do not tolerate any kind of categorization. One such author is certainly Adolf Loos. His theoretical ideas regarding decorations were sensational, because while the modernists had a dilemma about where and how to place ornaments, Los was adamant: his drastic solution predicted the complete elimination of ornament. In our time, minimalist architecture brings the ease of Adolf Loosa, whose design is rejected historicism and its parasites, decoration, to the pronounced rationalism. It is possible to follow the guiding principle of his 'formal silence' by Carl Andre to Herzog i de Meuron, as well as over the Mediterranean vernacular architecture to Alberto Campo Baeza and Alvaro Siza.

  10. Die Wahrnehmung der Figur „Adolf Hitler“ in Daniel Levys „Mein Führer- die wirklich wahrste Wahrheit über Adolf Hitler“ durch internationales Filmpublikum.

    OpenAIRE

    Herzner, Dominik

    2017-01-01

    Filme beeinflussen die Wahrnehmungen von Figuren. Daniel Levys Film "Mein Führer" (die erste deutschsprachige Komödie über Adolf Hitler) führte zu einer positiven Wahrnehmung der Hauptfigur. In einer empirischen Untersuchung wurde gezeigt, dass sich dieser Effekt bei internationalem Filmpublikum, die einen anderen Zugang zur Thematik Nationalsozialismus haben, verstärkt.

  11. Moskvas hoitav Adolf Hitleri kolbatükk ei kuulu füürerile / Aadu Hiietamm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hiietamm, Aadu, 1954-

    2009-01-01

    USA arheoloogi Nick Bellantoni avastus, et Moskvas hoitav Adolf Hitleri kuuliauguga koljutükk ei kuulugi füürerile, annab tõenäoliselt uut hoogu vandenõuteoreetikutele, kes usuvad, et Hitler ei teinud 1945. aastal enesetappu, vaid põgenes välismaale

  12. Ein konservativer Aristokrat mit radikaler Unterstützung. Die jungtschechische Wahlagitation 1894 für Adolf Freiherrn Leonhardi

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Velek, Luboš

    2003-01-01

    Roč. 19, - (2003), s. 141-154 ISSN 0769-3656 R&D Projects: GA MŠk LN00A041 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z8063914 Keywords : political culture * Adolf Leonhardi * Young Czech Party Subject RIV: AB - History

  13. [Parkinson's disease of Adolf Hitler and its influence in the development of World War Second].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guerrero, A L

    2003-03-01

    Adolf Hitler very probably suffered from Parkinson's disease. The first symptoms of it began to appear in 1937/1938. It is likely that its appearance, and the fear that it caused regarding his survival, lead Hitler to advance his initial projects of military expansion of the great Germany beginning in 1943. Thus, the Second World War broke out in 1939, perhaps quite before the time in which Germany would be prepared. Chronic treatment carried out with opiates, cocaine, amphetamines, and strychnine may very well be related with a very abnormal judgement of the problems and absence of trust in the advice of his team. With this, he would make military decisions that would end up being ill-fated for his interests and which, after 1942, would lead to a change in the course of the war.

  14. Adolf Hitler's Parkinson's disease and an attempt to analyse his personality structure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gerstenbrand, F; Karamat, E

    1999-03-01

    It has been proved that Adolf Hitler suffered from idiopathic Parkinson's disease. No indication for postencephalitic parkinsonism was found in the clinical symptoms or the case history. Professor Max de Crinis established his diagnosis of Parkinson's disease in Hitler early in 1945 and informed the SS leadership, who decided to initiate treatment with a specially prepared 'antiparkinsonian mixture' to be administered by a physician. However, Hitler never received the mixture, this implies that the SS intended to remove the severely diseased 'Leader'. Two different character traits can be analysed in Hitler's personality: on the one hand the typical premorbid personality of parkinsonian patients with uncorrectable mental rigidity, extreme inflexibility and insupportable pedantry. On the other an antisocial personality disorder with lack of ethical and social values, a deeply rooted tendency to betray others and to deceive himself and uncontrollable emotional reactions. This special combination in Hitler's personality resulted in the uncritical conviction of his mission and an enormous driving for recognition. The neuropsychiatric analysis of Hitler's personality could lead to a better explanation of the pathological traits of one of the most conspicuous historical personalities. Copyright 1999 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

  15. Some aspects of Adolf von Harnack’s criticism on Orthodox tradition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Buda

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this article is to present the critique that Adolf von Harnack (1851–1930 formulated on the Orthodox tradition in his famous book Das Wesen des Christentums, as well as to comment on its affirmations in the context of his time and way of thinking and to try and find explanations for his criticism. The article concludes that although Harnack’s critique on the Orthodox tradition may have presented negative perception of Orthodoxy, particularly amongst Protestants and many Orthodox theologians who were furious after reading his paper, yet, his critical affirmations also have constructive aspects. However, some of the conclusions of Harnack’s criticism are genuinely rejected by the Orthodox theologians and are no longer sustainable. As a theologian, Harnack cannot be considered an opponent of the modern ecumenical movement, but rather as one of its pioneers. Harnack could be included in the category of frank ecumenists who prefer to express in a critical, but constructive way that which he believes about his own Christian tradition, as well as other Christian traditions.

  16. A cegueira histérica de Adolf Hitler: histórico de um boletim médico

    OpenAIRE

    Köpf,Gerhard

    2006-01-01

    Em 1918, no hospital militar de Pasewalk, o psiquiatra professor Edmund Forster trata, por meio da hipnose, o cabo Adolf Hitler de uma "neurose de guerra" (cegueira histérica). Em 1933, Hitler assume o poder sobre a Alemanha nazista. Pouco tempo depois, Forster entra em contato com um grupo de escritores que viviam em exílio em Paris e passa sigilosamente a eles os seus conhecimentos sobre o caso. O escritor Ernst Weiss, também médico, usa essas informações de Forster para escrever o seu roma...

  17. The Old Man and the Glass Booth: Adolf Eichmann and the Migration of an Under- and Overdetermined Iconography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matthias Steinle

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses the image of Adolf Eichmann, which has haunted the screen ever since his spectacular kidnapping in Argentina. Characterized by a lack of archive images from the Nazi era and an abundance of images from the trial in Jerusalem in 1962, the man in the glass booth is an interesting example of the role of archive images in cultural memory and the mediality of history. Eichmann as a “media phenomenon” is analysed in his different dimensions: first a semiologic study of the two iconic images which became “super signs” of the Holocaust, generating contradictory narratives; then an exhaustive overview of the films produced about Adolf Eichmann with their thematic and narrative approaches; the analysis of three films made after the Fall of the Berlin Wall and their link to German national memory; and finally a discussion of the central motive of the glass booth and its migration toward other filmic contexts, giving Eichmann a wider presence in popular culture.

  18. Adressaadi dünaamikast Harriet Jacobsi orjanarratiivis "Incidents in a Life of a Slave Girl ja Eduard Vilde ajaloolises romaanis "Mahtra Sõda" / The Impact of Implied Reader on Harriet Jacobs' Slave Narrative Incidents in a Life of a Slave Girl and Eduard Vilde's Historical Novel Mahtra sõda

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kadri Naanu

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Teesid: Orjust ja orjandust puudutavate kirjandusteoste kirjapanemise eesmärk ulatub sageli autori isiklikest kunstilistest taotlustest kaugemale ja on seotud sooviga teksti lugejat mõjutada, mistõttu on kirjutajate jaoks oluline võita nende publiku usaldus. Artikkel uurib, milliseid vahendeid eesti ja AafrikaAmeerika autorid kasutavad, et veenda lugejaid oma tekstide või minevikutõlgenduse tõeväärtuses. Analüüs toetub Harriet Jacobsi kanoonilisele orjanarratiivile „Incidents in a Life of a Slave Girl“ (1861 ja Eduard Vilde ajaloolisele romaanile „Mahtra sõda“ (1902. Kahte nõnda erinevasse kirjandustraditsiooni kuuluvate tekstide käsitlemine ühe artikli piirides aitas märgata huvitavat paralleeli – mõlemad analüüsitud autorid toetusid teostes dokumentaalsele abimaterjalile, et paigutada tekstis kirjeldatud sündmuseid tekstivälisesse maailma.   Texts that depict slavery or serfdom, both autobiographical and fictional, are often written with a purpose that is not restricted to the artistic objectives of a particular author. Their purpose may be to find supporters for the abolitionist cause, to provide the readers with an understanding of the everyday conditions of slavery or serfdom, or to use the past in order to speak about the present, etc. In order to reach these objectives and not alienate their audience, the literary work has to take into account the reader’s expectations (i.e., regarding the genre or their prejudice (i.e., regarding the author. This means that these supposed ideas or prejudices influence the ways in which authors tell the story. This article explores the dynamics of address in Harriet Jacobs’s autobiographical slave narrative Incidents in a Life of a Slave Girl (1861 and Eduard Vilde’s historical novel The War of Mahtra (1902 in order to outline the strategies the authors use to gain the reader’s trust and connect their work with the world outside the text. These strategies have also

  19. A cegueira histérica de Adolf Hitler: histórico de um boletim médico The hysterical blindness of Adolf Hitler: record of a medical chart

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gerhard Köpf

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Em 1918, no hospital militar de Pasewalk, o psiquiatra professor Edmund Forster trata, por meio da hipnose, o cabo Adolf Hitler de uma "neurose de guerra" (cegueira histérica. Em 1933, Hitler assume o poder sobre a Alemanha nazista. Pouco tempo depois, Forster entra em contato com um grupo de escritores que viviam em exílio em Paris e passa sigilosamente a eles os seus conhecimentos sobre o caso. O escritor Ernst Weiss, também médico, usa essas informações de Forster para escrever o seu romance A Testemunha Ocular (Der Augenzeuge, que é publicado somente em 1963. O professor Forster comete suicídio em 1933, depois de sofrer uma campanha de denúncias difamantes. Weiss também se suicida em 1940, quando as tropas alemãs invadem Paris. Várias outras pessoas relacionadas ao boletim médico sobre Hitler são assassinadas pela Gestapo.In 1918, in a military reserve hospital located in the small Pomeranian town of Pasewalk, the neuropsychiatrist Prof. Edmund Forster treated Adolf Hitler, an Austrian caporal suffering from a war neurosis (hysterical blindness, using suggestive techniques. Soon after the Hitler’s ascension to the power in the Nazi Germany, in 1933, Dr. Forster met with a group of exiled writers living in Paris and secretly gave them the information about the case. The writer Ernst Weiss, that was also a physician, latter used this information in order to produce his roman "The Eye Witness", which would be published only in 1963. In 1933, Prof. Forster committed suicide in strange circunstances after successive defamatory statements against him. Also Weiss committed suicide in 1940, when German troops invaded Paris. The Gestapo also murdered several other persons involved in the Hitler’s medical chart.

  20. Trinta dias na casa de tiros: o estranho caso do Dr. Edmund Forster e Adolf Hitler Thirty days at the shooting house: the strange case of Dr. Edmund Forster and Adolf Hitler

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Lewis

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Em 1918, em um hospital militar da reserva situado na pequena cidade pomerânia de Pasewalk, o neuropsiquiatra Prof. Edmund Forster tratou de um cabo austríaco chamado Adolf Hitler, que apresentava uma neurose de guerra (cegueira histérica, utilizando-se de técnicas terapêuticas sugestivas. Logo após a ascensão de Hitler ao poder na Alemanha nazista, em 1933, o Prof. Forster reuniu-se com um grupo de escritores alemães exilados em Paris e secretamente passou a eles informações sobre o caso. O escritor Ernst Weiss, também médico, mais tarde utilizou tais informações para escrever seu romance A Testemunha Ocular, que, porém, só seria publicado em 1963. Em circunstâncias estranhas, o Prof. Forster cometeu suicídio após uma campanha difamatória sistemática articulada pelos nazistas em 1933. Weiss também cometeu suicídio em 1940, quando as tropas alemãs invadiram Paris. A Gestapo também assassinou diversas outras pessoas envolvidas no prontuário médico de Hitler.In 1918, in a military reserve hospital located in the small pomeranian town of Pasewalk, the neuropsychiatrist Prof. Edmund Forster treated an Austrian caporal called Adolf Hitler, suffering from a war neurosis (hysterical blindness, by means of suggestive techniques. Soon after the Hitler's ascension to the power in the Nazi Germany, in 1933, Dr. Forster met with a group of exiled writers living in Paris and secretly gave them information about the case. The writer Ernst Weiss, also he a physician, latter used this information in order to produce his novel "The Eye Witness", which would be published only in 1963. In strange circumstances, Prof. Forster committed suicide after successive defamatory statements in 1933. Weiss also committed suicide in 1940, when German troops invaded Paris. The Gestapo murdered several other persons involved in the Hitler's medical chart.

  1. Ágai, Adolf: "Az örök zsidó. Régi naplók, életképek (1862-1906" [The Eternal Jew: Old Diaries and Life Sketches (1862-1906

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Mandler

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Ágai, Adolf. Az örök zsidó. Régi naplók, életképek (1862-1906 [The Eternal Jew: OldDiaries and Life Sketches (1862-1906]. Budapest-Jerusalem: Múlt és Jövő Kiadó,2010. Reviewed by David Mandler, Stuyvesant High School, New York City.

  2. Deconstructing the myth of Pasewalk: Why Adolf Hitler’s psychiatric treatment at the end of World War I bears no relevance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jan Armbruster

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Even more than 70 years after the end of WW II, questions regarding the personality of dictator Adolf Hitler (1889-1945 remain unresolved. Among them, there is a focus on the problem of his state of mental health, in particular on the possible relevance of the medical treatment he received for a war injury at the military hospital of the small German town of Pasewalk in the last days of WW I. Some authors have come to postulate a profound change of his personality due either to a psychic trauma suffered or a hypnotic therapy he supposedly underwent for curing a hysterical blindness. Objectives The assumptions about Hitler’s war injury which rely on only two significant sources shall be assessed for their validity. Methods Existing historical sources and inferred hypotheses will be discussed in the light of alternative interpretations. Results The mentioned suppositions reveal their highly arbitrary character: neither a hysterical blindness of Hitler’s nor a hypnotic treatment at Pasewalk military hospital can be substantiated. Discussion Given the fact that Hitler’s medical sheet is most likely irrevocably lost, the authors plea for the acceptance of the limitations of historical research, even more so since the occurrences in Pasewalk lack any deeper importance for a historic assessment of Hitler’s personality.

  3. Adolf Kussmaul and Kussmaul's sign

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Navreet Singh

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Kussmaul's has provided us with three important signs: Pulses paradoxus, Kussmaul's sign and Kussmaul Breathing. This article discusses Kussmaul's sign, its discovery, first description, pathophyiology and exceptions.

  4. Bureaugrafi, læsemaskiner og vilde visioner

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ørum, Tania

    2013-01-01

    Jan Bäcklund: Læseprøve, J.V. Martin (red.): Situationistisk Revolution, Henrik Have: The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog, Antonin Artaud: Revolutionære budskaber......Jan Bäcklund: Læseprøve, J.V. Martin (red.): Situationistisk Revolution, Henrik Have: The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog, Antonin Artaud: Revolutionære budskaber...

  5. De Vilde Unge i Aalborg Øst

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Sune Qvotrup

    og institutioner, småkriminalitet, hip hop stil, en tendens til at strejfe i rundt i byens rum samt en ekspressiv form for maskulinitet. Et af bogens vigtigste budskaber er, at skabelsen af en kollektiv subkultur med disse træk må forstås og forklares som en reaktion på, eller en kreativ bearbejdning...

  6. Konstruktivisme og konstruktionisme - læringsteori og vild forvirring

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Gerd

    2017-01-01

    Overordnet betragtet er konstruktivisme en forståelse inden for filosofi, psykologi, samfundsvidenskab m.m., ifølge hvil- ken man ikke kan opfatte fænomenerne direkte, men kun ved hjælp af begreber og tankefigurer. Konstruktivisme kan være mere eller mindre radikal, dvs. at virkelighedsopfattelse...

  7. Barrierer i landskabet - betyder de noget for de vilde dyr?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, A. B.; Simonsen, V.; Pertoldi, C.

    Mennesket har igennem mange århundreder ændret det danske landskab. Dette fremstår i dag som et mosaikagtigt kulturlandskab bestående af mange forskellige fragmenter af oprindelig natur omgivet af opdyrket land. De mest synlige menneskeskabte barrierer i landskabet er veje og jernbaner, som kan...... være mere eller mindre effektive hindringer for spredning af plante- og dyrepopulationer. Andre barrierer som vandløb og søer samt hav- og fjordområder er i stor udstrækning skabt af naturen selv. De zoologiske museers indsamling og dokumentation i det 19. og 20. århundrede viser sig nu at være af...... af barriererne i landskabet er de trafikdræbte dyr på vejene. Indsamler man data over antallet og fordelingen af trafikdræbte dyr, fås også et tydeligt billede af de barrierer i landskabet som vejene giver anledning til. Sandsynligheden for at små dyr bliver dræbt i trafikken kan beskrives i simple...

  8. The Khuner Haus by Adolf Loos

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fisker, Anna Marie; Hvejsel, Marie Frier; Møller, Hans Ramsgaard

    Haus, designed at the top of Loos’ career, show us that it is the universal beauty defined by nature that Loos has strived for all along? Do Loos leave the beauty to the mountains? Is there a beauty in the house also, that man must have the desire to explore? To follow Kant; a pleasure in beauty...

  9. Spiritual Pathology: The Case of Adolf Hitler

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    W. George Scarlett

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Hitler had a noble purpose (to save the world and a strong faith in the laws of Nature as he understood Nature. He was, then, a spiritual person, though his spirituality was pathological and destructive. Here, the example of Hitler, his faith, and his spiritual pathology is given to both understand spiritual pathology in general and, through contrast, to understand positive spiritual development.

  10. From Adolf Hitler to Saddam Hussein

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Raw, G.M. [British Coal Corporation (United Kingdom). Trentham Colliery

    1994-01-01

    This paper gives the history of the Bickershaw Colliery number 4 winder from 1938-1992. The electrification of number 4 shaft winding engine in 1938, included some large civil constructions which was said to have been carried out by a German company which, due to the increasing political turmoil between Great Britain and Germany, did not get paid for their work. The winder, from 1938-1992, had a varied and sometimes disastrous existence but, nevertheless, was in constant use up to the colliery closure and eventual demolition in 1992. Several major changes were made to Bickershaw number 4 winder, starting with the original installation prior to 1938, up to the installation of a modern rationalised winder in 1987. 8 figs., 1 tab.

  11. Spiritual Pathology: The Case of Adolf Hitler

    OpenAIRE

    W. George Scarlett

    2012-01-01

    Hitler had a noble purpose (to save the world) and a strong faith in the laws of Nature as he understood Nature. He was, then, a spiritual person, though his spirituality was pathological and destructive. Here, the example of Hitler, his faith, and his spiritual pathology is given to both understand spiritual pathology in general and, through contrast, to understand positive spiritual development.

  12. Johann Friedrich Wilhelm Adolf von Baeyer

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    IAS Admin

    ... did groundbreaking research in sixteen different areas of organic chemistry, such ... The methodology they used may seem to be primitive now, but that was a .... BASF chemical company by which he greatly contributed to the development of ...

  13. Monsters and Clowns Incorporated: the Representations of Adolf Hitler in British and American WWII Propaganda Posters Monstres, clowns et compagnie : les représentations d’Hitler dans les affiches de propagande britanniques et américaines pendant la Seconde Guerre mondiale

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cécile Vallée

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Dans les affiches de propagande britanniques et américaines de la Seconde Guerre mondiale, les représentations d’Adolf Hitler font de lui soit un monstre effrayant, sanguinaire et diabolique, soit un clown grotesque, un pantin ridicule et risible, une cible qu’il faut frapper, écraser, ou détruire d’une façon ou d’une autre. S’adressant au sens de l’humour du spectateur, à ses peurs ou à son aversion, les artistes de propagande des deux côtés de l’Atlantique utilisent des leviers émotionnels et des tons très variés pour faire du dictateur nazi un des ressorts principaux de la participation à l’effort de guerre. Ces caricatures d’Hitler, dont l’objectif final était d’encourager la production et les économies ou de lutter contre les bavardages intempestifs, révèlent une condamnation morale ou politique et font partie de la propagande de soutien au moral, qui vise à galvaniser les Troupes de l’Intérieur en présentant la victoire comme quelque chose de vital ou d’inéluctable. Qu’il soit monstre ou clown, on fait tomber le dictateur déshumanisé de son piédestal, un piédestal si soigneusement construit pour lui par la propagande nazie.

  14. Eduard Vilde "Mahtra sõda" kõlas Eeru kõrtsi ees nagu regilaul

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    30. mail Raplamaal Juurus ajaloolise Atla-Eeru kõrtsi ees toimunud "Mahtra sõja" ettelugemisest. Mahtra sõja 150. aastapäevale pühendatud lugemisetendust lavastas Ago-Endrik Kerge. Ettelugemist ilmestasid rahvamuusikud

  15. Jens Kraft og "De vilde Folk" (1760) - manden, forfatterskbet, værket

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Langkjær, Michael Alexander

    2000-01-01

    had "set cultural development in motion." 7. Brief Account of the Savage Peoples from 1760, together with an address to the Academy of Young Noblemen at Sorø and Critical Letters for the Betterment of Taste, both from 1761, might be viewed as an interrelated group of sources bearing on one particular...... as religious concerns. 9. Kraft's reactions, as revealed by the contradictory tendencies in Brief Account of the Savage Peoples, testify to his unease with the paradoxes of modernity and its concomitant sense of value-loss. The dissertation is divided into three volumes.The first volume introduces the subject...

  16. So zvjozdami na Lune / Adolf Käis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Käis, Adolf, 1946-2013

    1999-01-01

    Moskva "Teatr Lunõ" külalisetendused Tallinnas 15. ja 16. juunil Vene Draamateatris. Mängitakse Francis Scott Fitzgeraldi romaani "Sume on öö" instseneeringut. Instseneerija ja lavastaja Sergei Prohhanov, kunstnik Leonid Podossenov

  17. Did Adolf Hitler have syphilis? | Retief | South African Medical Journal

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    South African Medical Journal. Journal Home · ABOUT · Advanced Search · Current Issue · Archives · Journal Home > Vol 95, No 10 (2005) >. Log in or Register to get access to full text downloads. Username, Password, Remember me, or Register · Download this PDF file. The PDF file you selected should load here if your ...

  18. [Doctor's degree thesis of Tomasz Adolf Wołkowiński "Carditidis rheumaticae historia"].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stembrowicz, W

    2001-01-01

    In 1817 on the University of Vilnius Faculty of Medicine, T. A. Wołkowiński, a student of the eminent clinician Józef Frank, defended his doctor's degree thesis about a direct relation between rheumatic disease and cardiomegaly. It was probably the first paper in Poland describing with details the rheumatic heart disease. Unfortunately we don't know much about T. A. Wołkowiński's life.

  19. Euroopa integratsioon kirikuloolises perspektiivis / Adolf Martin Ritter ; tõlk. Siret Rutiku

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ritter, Adolf Martin

    1999-01-01

    Järg Nov/10. Ettekanne on peetud Tartu Ülikooli usuteaduskonnas Eesti-Saksa akadeemilise nädala Academica III raames. Käsitluse aluseks on teesid: Ida ja Lääs, ristiusk, misjonilugu, rahvakirik, oikumeenia, kirikute roll uuenevas Euroopas, usupuhastus, kirikuloo tänapäev

  20. Sadhana | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Sadhana. Arvid Naess. Articles written in Sadhana. Volume 31 Issue 4 August 2006 pp 429-443. Estimation of failure probabilities of linear dynamic systems by importance sampling · Anna Ivanova Olsen Arvid Naess · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF. An iterative method for estimating the failure ...

  1. Neiud meenutavad küüditamise aegu / Raimu Hanson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hanson, Raimu, 1957-

    2006-01-01

    Vilde Teatri noortestuudio esietendab 12. apr. Vilde Teatri keldrisaalis lavastust "Rong see...". Mängivad noored teatrihuvilised Karlova gümnaasiumist ja Reiniku Gümnaasiumist, lavastaja Meelis Hansing

  2. Etnograafiast elulugudeni : eestlased Krimmis / Livia Viitol

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Viitol, Livia, 1953-

    2004-01-01

    9. ja 10. IX Simferopolis toimunud, Eduard Vilde Krimmis-käigu 100. aastapäevale pühendatud teaduskonverentsist "Eestlased Krimmis. XIX-XX sajand", mille raames avati E. Vilde muuseumi koostatud eluloonäitus "Eduard Vilde ajakaaslane Amandus Adamson" ja tänapäevateemaline fotonäitus "Eestlased Krimmis"

  3. Literary awards 2003 / Piret Viires

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Viires, Piret, 1963-

    2004-01-01

    Riigi kultuuripreemia - Vello Salo (elutööpreemia) ; Eesti Kultuurkapitali aastapreemia - Toomas Liiv ("Luuletused 1968-2002") ; Kultuurkapitali kirjanduse aastapreemiad: proosa - Nikolai Baturin ("Kentaur"), luule - Asko Künnap ("Ja sisalikud vastasid (kolmes kirjas)"), esseistika - Toomas Raudam ("Teie"), näitekirjandus - Mati Unt ("Vend Antigone, ema Oidipus", "Stiil, ehk, Mis on maailma nimi", "Kärbeste saar"), lastekirjandus - Katrin Reimus ("Haldjatants"), tõlge eesti keelde - Jaak Rähesoo (J. Joyce'i "Kunstniku noorpõlve portree" ja "Pagulaste" tõlked), tõlge eesti keelest - Eric Dickens (J. Krossi "Paigallennu" tõlge), artiklipreemia - Arne Merilai (järelsõna antoloogiale "Eesti ballaad"), venekeelsete autorite kirjandusauhind - Marina Tervonen (luulekogu "Ületamine") ; B. Alveri kirjandusauhind - Erkki Luuk ("Ornitoloogi pealehakkamine") ; F. Tuglase novelliauhind - Lauri Pilter ("Teisik"), Ilmar Jaks (novell "Armer Adolf" ja novellikogu "Pimedus") ; A. H. Tammsaare nim. kirjanduspreemia - Rein Veidemann ("Lastekodu") ; E. Vilde nim. kirjandusauhind - Eeva Park ("Lõks lõpmatuses") ; Nukitsa auhind - Janno Põldma ja Heiki Ernits ("Lepatriinude jõulud") ; K. E. Söödi nim. lasteluulepreemia - Jaanus Vaiksoo (luulekogu "Kellassepaproua") ; Eesti Raudtee ja Sirbi kirjandusauhind - Andres Vanapa ("Päti vile") ja Kristiina Ehin ("Simunapäev")

  4. [What do we really know about how lance-corporal Adolf Hitler was treated by german military psychiatry?].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Theiss-Abendroth, Peter

    2009-01-01

    This paper inquires the hypothesis that Hitler's rise to power was in part due to a hypnotic therapy he had undergone when being treated for hysterical blindness at an army hospital in the town of Pasewalk in October 1918 - as recent contributions have argued. Edmund Forster, his psychiatrist at that time, is supposed to have suggested to Hitler that he would be ordained as Germany's redeemer in times of defeat, thus causing a profound change in his patient's personality. Following three lines of argument, this paper examines if such an assumption can be made plausible. Firstly, it takes a close look at the main historical source which is the novel THE EYEWITNESS, written in German language by the Czech-Jewish author Ernst Weiss. Then it asks if Forster is likely to have chosen hypnosis as a method of treatment. Finally, it exploits the work of the even lesser known author Alexander Moritz Frey who happened to serve close to Hitler as a medical orderly in WW I, thus trying to validate whether or not Hitler really underwent a change of personality in autumn 1918. Although the eventualities of such a hypnotic treatment or a profound change in Hitler's behaviour in that time cannot be disproved, both seem highly unlikely. S One should altogether abandon the notion of Hitler having suffered a permanent change of personality in 1918, be it due to psychiatric treatment or to psychological trauma itself.

  5. Biskup Adolf Piotr Szelążek w Zamku Bierzgłowskim (1946-1950)

    OpenAIRE

    Rozynkowski, Waldemar

    2018-01-01

    Od kilku lat niezwykle dynamicznie rozwijają się badania nad życiem i posługą ordynariusza diecezji łuckiej na Wołyniu biskupa Adolfa Piotra Szelążka (1865-1950). Związane jest to na pewno z podjętymi staraniami o wyniesienie biskupa na ołtarze. Dnia 9 lutego 2010 roku biskup toruński Andrzej Suski powołał Komisję Historyczną, której zadaniem było przeprowadzenie szczegółowej kwerendy źródłowej dotyczącej osoby biskupa Szelążka i przygotowanie materiałów do procesu beatyfikacyjnego. Jej skła...

  6. The Complexities of Moral Education in a Liberal, Pluralistic Society: The Cases of Socrates, Mrs. Pettit, and Adolf Eichmann.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beatty, Joseph

    1985-01-01

    The cases of three individuals charged with corrupting the young are considered in a discussion of the teacher's role in the moral education of youth. Focus is on Socrates, a Los Angeles teacher fired because of membership in a sexually-oriented club, and a Nazi war criminal. (MSE)

  7. Tondi Sõjakoolist laia maailma / Piret Kuusik ; juhendajad Merike Jürjo, Reet Viikholm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuusik, Piret

    2011-01-01

    Uurimistöö käsitleb Tondi Sõjakooliga seonduvat ning tolleaegseid etiketi- ja käitumisnorme. Töö annab ülevaate aspirant Arvid Tarsi ning temaga koos õppinud nelja kursuslase isikutest ja nende saatusest

  8. The CMS team celebrates the arrival of the "Tube". From left to right, sitting: Blanca Perea Solano, Jeannine Muffat-Joly, Ariella Cattai (Tracker Technical Coordinator). Standing: Georges Roiron, Hans Postema, Eric Albert, Paolo Petagna, Arvid Larsson, Nuno Bernardino Rodrigues, Enzo Carrone, Jack Hill.

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2004-01-01

    CMS: Aerospace goes underground : gleaming aluminium on the outside and carbon black on the inside, as long as a sedan and taller than a man, a strange hollow cylinder arrived at CERN by truck August 26.

  9. Muusikamaailm : Lihavõttefestivalid Euroopas. Uus kontserdimaja avati Barcelonas. Johann Adolf Hasse ئ 300. Märtsikuu teisi tähtpäevi / Priit Kuusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuusk, Priit, 1938-

    1999-01-01

    Lihavõttefestivalidest Salzburgis, Viinis ja Luzernis. kontsertidest, esinejatest. Barcelonas avatud uuest kontserdimajast L"Auditori. Helilooja 300. sünniaastapäeva puhul on mitmel pool Euroopas välja toodud tema ooperite uuslavastusi. Muusikute tähtpäevi märtsis 1999

  10. Adolf Černý jako první český překladatel novodobé běloruské literatury

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Černý, Marcel

    2013-01-01

    Roč. 82, 1-2 (2013), s. 69-111 ISSN 0037-6736. [Mezinárodní sjezd slavistů /15./. Minsk, 20.08.2013-27.08.2013] Institutional support: RVO:68378017 Keywords : Czech-Belarusian literary relations * Belarusian literatur * reception * translatology Subject RIV: AJ - Letters, Mass-media, Audiovision

  11. Ed & Os : kahe Wilde näitemäng / Mati Unt

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Unt, Mati, 1944-2005

    1998-01-01

    Mati Undi näidend Eduard Vilde ja Oscar Wilde'i kohtumisest. Illustratsiooniks Tiiu Kirsipuu Tartusse Wilde Irish Pubi ette loodava skulptuurigrupi kavand. Autori märkus : Tekst on kirjutatud Kahe Wilde Pubi avamiseks ja koostatud Wilde'i ja Vilde tekstidest.

  12. Nordic Branding Podcast 1

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2017-01-01

    Hvilke værdier er 'Nordiske'? Vi starter hos Brandbase i Odense og ser på WODENs Skandinaviske sneakers og Jim Lyngvilds vilde branding.......Hvilke værdier er 'Nordiske'? Vi starter hos Brandbase i Odense og ser på WODENs Skandinaviske sneakers og Jim Lyngvilds vilde branding....

  13. Pure and simple

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mackinney-Valentin, Maria; Brun Petersen, Trine

    An analysis of the rise of blandness in fashion through Adolf Loos' work on the ornament and visual sobriety......An analysis of the rise of blandness in fashion through Adolf Loos' work on the ornament and visual sobriety...

  14. Rahvavalgustajad, teadlased, kirjanikud... / Helmut Piirimäe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Piirimäe, Helmut, 1930-

    1980-01-01

    Tartu Ülikooli ajaloost. Naabermaade kultuuriloosse oma tegevusega jälgi jätnud TÜ kasvandikest Georg Manzel (Mancelius), Christian Fürecker, Janis Reiters (Johannes Reuter), Olof (Olaus) Verelius, Isak Börk (Björk), Johannes Terserus, Abraham Thauvonius, Arvid Moller ja Petrus Schomerus

  15. Systems-theory of psychosis--the relevance of "internal censorship".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Emrich, H M; Leweke, F M; Schneider, U

    2006-02-01

    The different aspects of the neurobiology of psychotic disorders are presently discussed under the perspective of Arvid Calssons neurochemical theory of mesolimbic/cortico-thalamic loops. In this regard the question as to whether--neuropsychologically--a "filter-defect" or a disturbance of "internal censorship" is causative for psychoses. This topic is discussed in the present paper.

  16. Muuseumisõbra tiitli sai Rein Veidemann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2017-01-01

    Muuseumiühing andis tänavuse muuseumisõbra tiitli ajakirjanikule ja kirjandusteadlasele Rein Veidemannile kirjanike muuseumide kaitseks meedias välja astumise ning Vilde ja Tammsaare Sõprade Seltsi loomisele kaasa aitamise eest

  17. "Nägemus" EKA galeriis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2003-01-01

    Tartu Kõrgema Kunstikooli tekstiilikunsti osakonna gobeläänide näitus "Nägemus". Osalejad: Triinu Pungits, Signe Vilde, Jaanika Terasmaa, Leeda Ots, Gerli Aimla, Merike Uiga, Irina Vizner-Laur, Mari Vaaderpall, Heike Sepp

  18. Bagatellid : Maailm / Nele-Eva Steinfeld

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Steinfeld, Nele-Eva

    2009-01-01

    Muusikasõnumeid maailmast: Sofya Gulyak võitis Leedsi rahvusvahelise pianistide konkursi. EMI plaadikompanii uus artist Vilde Frang. Lahkus Alicia de Larrocha. Moskva Suure Teatri juhiks sai Leonid Desjatnikov. Avastati maailma vanimad muusikainstrumendid

  19. Русская литература Эстонии 1920-1930-х гг. как историко-культурный феномен / Сергей Исаков

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Исаков, Сергей Геннадиевич, 1931-2013

    2002-01-01

    Ka korraga kahte keeleruumi kuulunud autoritest: Juri Ivask, Boriss Nartsissov, Boriss Vilde, Boriss Taggo-Novossadov, Valmar Adams (kasutas pseudonüümi Vladimir Aleksandrovski), Aleksis Rannit (sünd. Aleksei Dolgošev)

  20. Mängurõõm Göteborgi teatris ja auhinnatud rahvatants / Mai Raud-Pähn ; fotod: Okke Metsmaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raud-Pähn, Mai, 1920-

    2000-01-01

    25. novembril 2000 toimunud sisukast päevast Göteborgis, kus vaadati Eduard Vilde naljamängu "Vigased pruudid" ning anti üle Rootsi Eestlaste Liidu kultuuriauhinnad rahvatantsujuhtidele Geeni Ojasoole ja Udo Tohverile

  1. Eesti Maanteemuuseumis lavastub Roman Baskini käe all "Augustikuu teemaja"

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Veski, Rivo

    2009-01-01

    Roman Baskini lavastatud komöödia "Augustikuu teemaja" Maanteemuuseumis. Autor John Patrick, mängivad mitmed harrastusteatrite näitlejad, teiste hulgas MTÜ Vilde Teatri liikmed. Peaosas Marko Matvere

  2. Kas tunned maad Tobiki rannal? / Veiko Märka

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Märka, Veiko, 1964-

    2009-01-01

    Roman Baskini lavastatud komöödia "Augustikuu teemaja" Maanteemuuseumis. Autor John Patrick, mängivad mitmed harrastusteatrite näitlejad, teiste hulgas MTÜ Vilde Teatri liikmed. Peaosas Marko Matvere

  3. Komöödia täis Jaapani elutarkust/ Mari Hiiemäe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hiiemäe, Mari

    2009-01-01

    Roman Baskini lavastatud komöödia "Augustikuu teemaja" Maanteemuuseumis. Autor John Patrick, mängivad mitmed harrastusteatrite näitlejad, teiste hulgas MTÜ Vilde Teatri liikmed - peaosas Marko Matvere

  4. "Man skal altid gå tilbage til en fuser"

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Steen Nepper

    2012-01-01

    Anmeldelse af Center for Vild Analyse. Brian Benjamin Hansen, Rasmus Ugilt, Steen Thykjær, Kasper Porsgaard, Henrik Jøker Bjerre: Særklasse. Den tøvende revolution, Informations Forlag, 2012, 203 sider......Anmeldelse af Center for Vild Analyse. Brian Benjamin Hansen, Rasmus Ugilt, Steen Thykjær, Kasper Porsgaard, Henrik Jøker Bjerre: Særklasse. Den tøvende revolution, Informations Forlag, 2012, 203 sider...

  5. 5.-11. IX 2004 liikus bussi ja rongiga Krimmis... : eestlased Krimmis / Janika Kronberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kronberg, Janika, 1963-

    2004-01-01

    Vilde klubi Krimmi-reisist Eduard Vilde jälgedes. Simferopolis peetud konverentsi "Krimmi eestlased" raames pandi üles Amandus Adamsoni töid tutvustav näitus. Reisi tegi kaasa skulptori Rootsis elav tütar Maria Maddalena Carlson. Beregovoje (Zamruqi) küla postkontori seinal avati mälestustahvael (autor Anatoli Ljutov) Eduard Vildele. Amandus Adamsoni "Uputatud laevade" monumendist Sevastopolis

  6. Aia alt pilvekatusega kunstisaali / Meeli Müüripeal

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Müüripeal, Meeli, 1963-

    2006-01-01

    Sabile restaureeritud sünagoog-kunstisaalist (1890).1993. a. läti skulptori Ojars Arvids Feldbergsi (sünd. 1947) poolt avatud Pedvale keskkonnakunsti keskusest, sealsetest Brinkpedvale (18. sajand) ja Frikspedvale mõisahoonetest. 1999. a. pälvis Pedvale vabaõhu kunstisaal UNESCO Melina Mercouri auhinna. Pedvales on tuleetendusega esinenud Raul Meel, eesti kunstnike töödest nimetatud Villu Jaanisoo töö "Tugitool". 16 ill

  7. Saksa teadlane koostas Hitleri perekonna genealoogia / Urmas Kiil

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kiil, Urmas

    2007-01-01

    Saksa genealoog Ralf G. Jahn koostas detailse kroonika Hitleri perekonnast ning avaldas selle raamatuna "Hitlers Familiengeheimniss - Geschichte und Genealogie der Vorfahren und Verwandten von Adolf Hitler"

  8. Vertical Inset of the Latissimus Dorsi Flap Improves Reconstruction Aesthetics by Reducing Scar Burden in the "Social Breast".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steffen, Caleb M; Day, Kristopher M; Gilson, Aaron J; Zoog, Evon; Brzezienski, Mark A

    2018-06-01

    The skin paddle of the latissimus dorsi flap is typically inset horizontally (HILD) in breast reconstruction. We describe our experience with the vertical inset of the latissimus dorsi (VILD) and its aesthetic benefit. We performed a case-control study comparing the most recent cases of both VILD and HILD. Scar, as seen on anterior-posterior photographs, was digitally measured and compared from 3 clinically relevant areas: (1) all visible scarring ("mirror view"), (2) scarring above the nipple ("self-view"), and (3) scarring above or medial to the nipple ("social view"). Demographics and outcomes were statistically compared. Fifty of the most recent patients receiving HILD or VILD were selected for each group. Average patient age was 55.6 and 51.6 years (P = 0.32), and average follow-up was 531.6 and 606.7 days (P = 0.20), respectively. The VILD scar-length ratios were decreased by 17% in the mirror view (P ≤ 0.01), 37% in the self-view (P ≤ 0.01), and 37% in the social view (P ≤ 0.01). There were no statistically significant differences between groups regarding smoking (P = 0.75), diabetes (P = 0.70), body mass index (P = 0.74), seroma (P = 0.46), infection (P = 1.0), or flap necrosis (P = 0.70). The VILD is safe and reliable. Measurements from anterior-posterior photographs illustrate statistically significant decreases in overall scar burden (mirror view) and statistically significant reductions in the highly visible self-view and social view. Our study is the first to quantify a reduction in scar burden by using VILD technique.

  9. Jutuvõistluse "Musta mantliga mees" võitis Katrin Johanson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Eduard Vilde muuseumi poolt läbi viidud krimi- ja põnevusjuttude võistlusest "Musta mantliga mees". Žürii: Karl Martin Sinijärv, Juhan Habicht, Paul Pajos, Rebekka Lotman, Kristin Rammus, Piret Meos.Võitja: Katrin Johanson, teine koht: Taavet Kase, kolmas koht: Imre Kõuts. Ajalehe "Postimees" eriauhinnad said: Juhan Voolaid, Hella Riisalu, Stina Maria Vilt, Sirle Poikkanen, Märt Kivimäe. Tallinna noorte infokeskuse auhinnad: Juhan Voolaid, Sirle Poikkalainen, Lilli Anderson, Aino Rätsep. Eduard Vilde muuseumi eriauhinnad: Merilin Jürjo, Laura Pirso

  10. Naval Law Review, Number 55, 2008

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-01-01

    Law, 66 Tex. L. Rev. 785 (1988); see also Gary J. Bass, The Adolf Eichmann Case: Universal and National Jurisdiction, in UNIVERSAL JURISDICTION...supra note 181, at 77 (discussing Israel’s “responsible exercise of universal jurisdiction” to try Adolf Eichmann for his role in the extermination of

  11. Die Schönheit der Leere

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hoffmann, Birthe

    2011-01-01

    Stifter har i novellen „Bergkristall“ foretaget en kulturantropologisk-fænomenologisk analyse af fænomenet ‚livsverden‘, som først viser de kulturelle orienteringssystemers love og tegnsystemer fra flere perspektiver, for dernæst, da børnene farer vild i sneen, systematisk at sætte disse ud af kr...

  12. DVD-d "Läbi hägu", "Tabamata ime" / Andris Feldmanis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Feldmanis, Andris, 1982-

    2007-01-01

    Lühiarvustus kuue noorema põlve režissööri R. Sarneti, M. Kõrveri, M. Raati, A. Tammiksaare, J. Kilmi, A. Maimiku lühifilmide kogumikule E. Vilde näidendi "Tabamata ime" ainetel ning Richard Linklateri filmile "Läbi hägu" ("A Scanner Darkly"; USA 2006)

  13. Suvehooaeg Emajõe Ateenas liidab lugusid mitmest sajandist / Raimu Hanson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hanson, Raimu, 1957-

    2006-01-01

    Tartu suvelavastustest : Urmas Lennuki "Koidula" Andres Dvinjaninovi lavastuses (Emajõe Suveteater) ; Jan Rahmani "Sõit" Ain Mäeotsa lavastuses (Hansahoovi Teater), Raivo Adlase lavastus "Vaesed ja patused" August Jakobsoni ainetel Tartu raudteejaamas (Vilde Teater), G. Bizet' "Carmen" Ago-Endrik Kerge lavastuses (Muusikaline loomeühendus KaivConsort)

  14. Suvelavastuste hooaeg Tartus liidab endasse lugusid mitmest sajandist / Raimu Hanson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hanson, Raimu, 1957-

    2006-01-01

    Tartu suvelavastustest : Urmas Lennuki "Koidula" Andres Dvinjaninovi lavastuses (Emajõe Suveteater) ; Jan Rahmani "Sõit" Ain Mäeotsa lavastuses (Hansahoovi Teater), Raivo Adlase lavastus "Vaesed ja patused" August Jakobsoni ainetel Tartu raudteejaamas (Vilde Teater), G. Bizet' "Carmen" Ago-Endrik Kerge lavastuses (Muusikaline loomeühendus KaivConsort)

  15. Small intestinal glucose delivery affects the glucose-lowering effect of acute vildagliptin in type 2 diabetes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wu, T; Zhang, X; Trahair, LG

    2016-01-01

    of the DPP-4 inhibitor, vildagliptin (VILD), during intraduodenal (ID) glucose infusion at 2 different rates within the physiological range of gastric emptying, in type 2 diabetes. Participants and Design: A total of 16 diet-controlled type 2 diabetic patients were studied on 4 separate days in double...

  16. Nüüd läheb alles peoks! / Heret Pauskar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pauskar, Heret

    2013-01-01

    Tartu Maratonile eelneval nädalal, alates 11. veebruarist on Vilde tervisekohvikus üheks päevaroaks Itaalias toodetav Camporo käsitööpastast valmistatud roog. Maratoni pastanädal lõppes Eesti Maaülikooli spordihoones korraldatud pasta party'ga, kust sai osta ka www.myitali.ee Itaalia toidukaupu

  17. SNS ønsker DMUs (eventuelle) bemærkninger til de nye oplysninger i sagen. Dianthus caryophyllus (123.2.38/ 123.2.2). Supplerende materiale til Nellike-sagen. Modtaget 23-09-2005, deadline 13-10-2005, svar 13-10-2005

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjellsson, Gøsta; Damgaard, Christian

    2005-01-01

    "1. Yderligere informationer om de biokemiske analyser. De fremlagte oplysninger indikerer lav toksicitet af delphinidin. Andre oplysninger tyder på at sandsynligheden er meget lav for at de importerede GM-nelliker vil indgå i fødekæden. 2. Forekomst af vilde nelliker i Europa. Der er givet oplys...

  18. Harrastusteatrite riigifestivalil tõdesin : vajatakse naist / Anneli Saro

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Saro, Anneli, 1968-

    2005-01-01

    4.-6. nov. Võrus toimunud harrastusteatrite riigifesivalist, pikemalt Tartu Vilde teatri lavastusest "Vajatakse naist" (lav. R. Adlas), T. Tubina lavastusest "Ilma luuminõ & muu äri" Võru Teatriateljee esituses, M. Kivastiku "Nokia 3310" Kroonuaia Priitahtliku Näitemänguseltsi esituses ja K. Lutsu lavastuses, samuti S. Kane'i "Puhastatud" K. Kudu lavastuses Tartu Üliõpilasteatri esituses

  19. Watching the Detectives

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Knakkergård, Martin

    2010-01-01

     twang-guitar, der kan bringe både uhygge og komik, mystik og banalitet, fortid og fremtid – men vist aldrig samtid; samt en lang række idiomer og gestalter hentet fra symfoniorkesterets repertoirer og effekter: sweep’et i trækbasunerne, der understreger den elegante actionhelts dramatiske og vilde omgivelser; høje...

  20. Palju ilusaid etüüde liiga lihtsakoelisel liistul / Valle-Sten Maiste

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Maiste, Valle-Sten, 1972-

    2007-01-01

    Eduard Vilde romaani "Prohvet Maltsvet" ja vene kirjaniku Viktor Pelevini romaani aineil sündinud lavastusest "Proffet" Albu vallas Kukenoosi rehealuses (lavastaja Mart Koldits). Kunstnik Pille Jänes, lavastuse teksti kirjutasid Mart Koldits ja Urmas Lennuk. Esietendus 27. juulil

  1. 14. ja 15. X viibivad Hiina kunstiakadeemia kutsel...

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Hangzhou rahvusvahelisel moedisainiharidust analüüsival konverentsil viibivad Tartu Kõrgema Kunstikooli rektor Vallo Nuust, tekstiiliosakonna juhataja Aet Ollisaar ja tekstiiliosakonna meister Signe Vilde. TKK delegatsiooni üks eesmärke Hiinas on TKK ja Hiina kunstiakadeemia või mõne teise Hiina kunstikõrgkooli õppejõudude vahetuse programmi algatamine

  2. Eesti harrastusteatrite paremik sõidab Võrru / Raimu Hanson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hanson, Raimu, 1957-

    2005-01-01

    4.-6. nov. Võrus toimuvast harrastusteatrite riigifestivalist, kus põhiprogrammis osalemisõiguse said tartlastest Vilde Teater lavastusega "Vajatakse naist" (Ch. Bukowski ja A. Valtoni juttude põhjal dramatiseerinud ja lavastanud R. Adlas) ja Tartu Üliõpilasteater lavastusega "Puhastatud" (autor S. Kane ja lavastaja K. Kudu)

  3. Disruption fra øst

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hartelius, Anne Mette

    2017-01-01

    Efter en uge i 'Det vilde Østen' med alle sanser indstillet på østerlandsk æstetik kan man godt få den tanke, at vi alle har brug for designdisruption herhjemme i vores postmodernistiske vestlige del af verden....

  4. Eesti kirjanikumuuseumide pöördumine : [eesti keele ja kirjanduse tundide arvu vähendamise asjus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2009-01-01

    Alla kirjutanud: Dr. Fr. R. Kreutzwaldi Memoriaalmuuseum, Lydia Koidula Memoriaalmuuseum, Liivi Muuseum, Eduard Vilde Muuseum, SA A. H. Tammsaare Muuseum Vargamäel, A. H. Tammsaare Muuseum (Kadriorus), Palamuse O. Lutsu Kihelkonnakoolimuuseum, Oskar Lutsu Majamuuseum, Betti Alveri Muuseum, Muhu Muuseum

  5. Af Upraktiske Grunde

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vaaben, Nana Katrine

    2001-01-01

    som både Claude Levi-Strauss lægger op til i sine klassiske studier af "den vilde tanke", og som Jean Baudrillard siden har lagt op til i sine analyser af samlere som en slags ekstreme forbrugere, der er i færd med at komplettere deres identitet gennem besiddelser af genstande. Imidlertid tillægger...

  6. Nemtsõ razbivajut tabu i võvodjat na ekran Gitlera

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    2004.a. lõpul ja 2005.a. algul jõuavad saksa publikuni kaks linateost, kus peategelaseks on Adolf Hitler : Bernd Eichingeri "Allakäik" ("Der Untergang") ja Heinrich Breloeri "Speer ja tema" ("Speer und er")

  7. Hitler's Jewish Physicians.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weisz, George M

    2014-07-01

    The mystery behind the behavior of infamous personalities leaves many open questions, particularly when related to the practice of medicine. This paper takes a brief look at two Jewish physicians who played memorable roles in the life of Adolf Hitler.

  8. Cosmos of science philosophical problems of the internal and external worlds

    CERN Document Server

    Earman, John

    1998-01-01

    The inaugural volume of the series, devoted to the work of philosopher Adolf Grünbaum, encompasses the philosophical problems of space, time, and cosmology, the nature of scientific methodology, and the foundations of psychoanalysis.

  9. Lõppeva aasta külalisteatreid / Eino Baskin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Baskin, Eino, 1929-2015

    1984-01-01

    Riia Vene Draamateatri, Telavi Draamateatri, Itaalia balletitrupi "Aterballetto" ja Düsseldorfi Draamateatri külalisesinemised Eestis Arvustavad Eino Baskin, Eteri Kekelidze, Mai Murdmaa, Andres Ots ja Adolf Šapiro

  10. Nazi terror system and its practical use

    OpenAIRE

    Anvar M. Mamadaliev; Leon М. Bagdasaryan

    2011-01-01

    The article tells about reasons and consequences of Adolf Hitler’s terror. Special attention is attached to mechanism of Nazi dictatorship and its ideological bases, set in Hitler’s work ‘My Struggle’, the 25 Point Program.

  11. Shapiro pani Nüganeni Moskva publikule tõtt näkku ütlema / Jaanus Piirsalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Piirsalu, Jaanus, 1973-

    2008-01-01

    Moskvas Et Cetera teatris 24. dets. esietendunud Adolf Shapiro lavastusest "451 kraadi Fahrenheiti järgi" Ray Bradbury teose ainetel, peaosas Elmo Nüganen. Refereeritakse vene ajakirjanduses ilmunud arvustusi

  12. Ljubov bez ljubvi Luidzhi Pirandello / Jelena Skulskaja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Skulskaja, Jelena, 1950-

    2006-01-01

    Luigi Pirandello "Nii see on, kui teile nii näib" Tallinna Linnateatris, lavastaja Adolf Shapiro, kunstnik Vladimir Anshon, kostüümid Kristina Pasternaka Lätist ja valguskunstnik Gleb Filshtinski. Esietendus 11. nov

  13. Wolfgang Pauli at the 6th meeting of the Nobel Prize laureates

    CERN Multimedia

    Franz Thorbecke, Lindau

    1956-01-01

    From left to right : ?, Max Born, Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac, Adolf Friedrich Johann Butenandt, ?, Otto Hahn, Wolfgang Pauli, Franca Pauli, Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman, Isidor Isaac Rabi, and Leopold Ruzicka

  14. A Bad Person Leading a Costly Conflict: Saddam Hussein and the 1980-1988 Iran-Iraq War

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Carpenter, Mace; Fanale, Rosalie

    2000-01-01

    Saddam Hussein was much like Adolf Hitler in his leadership philosophy ...the ends justify the means, survival of the fittest, lack of personal empathy, and reduced respect for the value of human life...

  15. A Desperate Struggle to Save a Condemned Army--A Critical Review of the Stalingrad Airlift

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Thyssen, Mike

    1997-01-01

    ... blunders of Adolf Hitler. Given that, this essay reflects a study of primary source material collected from key German commanders, as well as numerous documents collected in 1956 as part of the "Karlsruhe Collection...

  16. The Battle of Crete: Hitler's Airborne Gamble

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Blank, Maria

    2003-01-01

    As Adolf Hitler conquered most of the European continent in 1939-1941, the small island of Crete in the Mediterranean Sea became vital to future operations in the Mediterranean region for both the Axis and Allied powers...

  17. Üritatakse parimat, aga välja tuleb nagu tavaliselt / Alar Niineväli

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Niineväli, Alar

    2009-01-01

    Bryan Singeri mängufilm "Operatsioon "Valküür"" ("Valkyrie"), peaosas Tom Cruise. Film räägib Claus von Stauffenbergi (1907-1944) poolt juhitud operatsioonist, mille eesmärgiks oli atendaat Adolf Hitlerile

  18. Ajalootund eetilistest natsidest / Jan Kaus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaus, Jan, 1971-

    2009-01-01

    Bryan Singeri mängufilm "Operatsioon "Valküür"" ("Valkyrie"), peaosas Tom Cruise. Film räägib Claus von Stauffenbergi (1907-1944) poolt juhitud operatsioonist, mille eesmärgiks oli atendaat Adolf Hitlerile

  19. Kirjad Hitlerile - Eestist! / Pekka Erelt

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Erelt, Pekka, 1965-

    2010-01-01

    Eesti Riigiarhiivis säilitatakse kümmekonda 1936.-1937. aastal Eesti elanikelt Adolf Hitlerile saadetud kirja. Need on osa 1945. aastal Berliinist saadud ja Moskvasse veetud sõjasaagist. Artikkel sisaldab katkendeid kirjadest

  20. Uhke ooberst von Stauffenberg põrus hästi suurelt / Andres Laasik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laasik, Andres, 1960-2016

    2009-01-01

    Bryan Singeri mängufilm "Operatsioon "Valküür"" ("Valkyrie"), peaosas Tom Cruise. Film räägib Claus von Stauffenbergi (1907-1944) poolt juhitud operatsioonist, mille eesmärgiks oli atendaat Adolf Hitlerile

  1. Teatripeegel : Milliseid elamusi on hooaeg pakkunud Mihkel Mutile / Mihkel Mutt

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mutt, Mihkel, 1953-

    1998-01-01

    Arthur Conan Doyle'i "Sherlock Holmes ja doktor Watson", lav. Ago-Endrik Kerge ja Bertold Brechti "Kolmekrossiooper", lav. Adolf Shapiro Tallinna Linnateatris. Humanitaarinstituudi teatrifakulteedi õpilaste esituses Jean Anouilh' "Antigone", lav. Lembit Peterson

  2. Modernistid modernismi vastu : Loos, Schenker ja ilustuste kriitika / Nicolas Cook

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Cook, Nicolas

    2008-01-01

    Seoseid tänapäeva tuntuima muusikaanalüüsi meetodi leiutaja Heinrich Schenkeri teooria ja Viini modernistliku arhitekti Adolf Loosi ornamendikriitika vahel. Ettekanne Pärnu Nüüdismuusika Päevade konverentsil 2005

  3. Ludwig Wittgenstein

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Munch, Anders V.

    2006-01-01

    Filosoffen Wittgenstein var involveret i et byggeri sammen med arkitekten Paul Engelmann, elev af Adolf Loos. De filosofiske overvejelser om begrebet livsform kan belyse ideerne om den moderne arkitektur hos Loos, mens Loos' stilbegreb omvendt kan belyse sprogfilosofien hos Wittgenstein....

  4. The German Physical Society Under National Socialism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoffmann, Dieter; Walker, Mark

    2004-12-01

    The history of the German Physical Society from 1933 to 1945 is not the same as a comprehensive history of physics under Adolf Hitler, but it does reflect important aspects of physicists' work and life during the Third Reich.

  5. Vaprad lucky loser'id / Jüri Aarma ; kommenteerinud Tanja Muravskaja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Aarma, Jüri, 1951-

    2009-01-01

    Tanja Muravskaja isikunäitus "Lucky Losers" Tallinna Linnagaleriis. Eksponeeritud videoportreed vene rahvusest Eesti kodanikest Dimitri Klenskist, Adolf Käisist, Anna Levandist, Tatjana Muravjovast, Mihhail Stalnuhhinist, Eduard Tomanist ja Boris Tuchist

  6. African Journal of Marine Science - Vol 28, No 5 (2006)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Pigment profile and toxin composition during a red tide of Gymnodinium .... Algicidal bacteria isolated from the surface of seaweeds from the coast of Osaka .... JE Adolf, TR Bachvaroff, DN Krupatkina, H Nonogaki, PJP Brown, AJ Lewitus, HR ...

  7. "Wien Modern 2001" - intermediaalne / Saale Kareda

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kareda, Saale, 1968-

    2001-01-01

    Muusikafestivalist "Wien Modern 2001", mis kestis 28. oktoobrist 26. novembrini. Festivalil esitati ka skisofreenikust šveitsi kunstniku Adolf Wölflini loomingust inspireeritud töid. Kunstniku töödest

  8. Театральная радуга в городе белых ночей / Борис Тух

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Тух, Борис, 1946-

    2015-01-01

    16. teatrifestival Vikerkaar toimus Peterburis mais-juunis 2015, korraldas Aleksandr Brjantsevi nimeline Noorsooteater. Pikemalt Brjantsevi nim. Noorsooteatri lavastusest Ray Bradbury romaani "Võilillevein" ainetel (lavastaja Adolf Šapiro)

  9. Gordaja tshaika i dranaja vorona / Eteri Kekelidze

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kekelidze, Eteri, 1944-

    1999-01-01

    VIII "Baltiiski Dom" 8. - 16. okt. 1998 Sankt-Peterburis. Lavastajapreemia sai Adolf Shapiro lavastuse eest "Kolmekrossiooper" Tallinna Linnateatris. Festivalil osales ka Elmo Nüganeni lavastus "Arkaadia" Peterburi Suures Draamateatris

  10. Baltoscandalistide massiline meeleavaldus : Hitler inglise moodi ja tantsuteater spordikirikus / Marko Mägi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mägi, Marko

    2000-01-01

    Meeldejäävaimaid "teatripärleid" Rakvere teatrifestivalilt "Baltoscandal 2000" : ameerika New York Wyoming Dance Theatre Projecti all tegutseva Pat Creminsi tantsuõhtu ja inglase Pit Upponi kehastatud Hitler monotükis "Adolf"

  11. Alfven. Symphony No 5 in A minor, Op. 54 / Robert Layton

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Layton, Robert

    1994-01-01

    Uuest heliplaadist "Alfven. Symphony No 5 in A minor, Op. 54. The Mountain King - Suite, Gustav II Adolf, Op. 49 - Elegy. Royal Stockholm Philarmonic Orchestra / Neeme Järvi. BIS CD 585 (68 minutes) Recorded in association with Trygg Hansa"

  12. Таллинн посетят короли танца

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2009-01-01

    Rahvusvahelise balletiprojekti " Tantsu kuningad 2009" raames esinevad 9. nov. Tallinnas 6 maailmakuulsat balletitähte. Projekti organiseerijateks on kunstiagentuur Ardani Artists (New York) ja Adolf Käisi Art Company (Eesti)

  13. At tænke stil

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Munch, Anders V.

    2004-01-01

    En overvejelse af stilbegrebets filosofiske betydning i Wien for både formsproget, kulturkritikken, historietænkningen og kunstvidenskaben. Arkitekten Adolf Loos og kunsthistorikeren Alois Riegl sammenlignes ud fra Friedrich Nietzsches historiesyn og brug af stilbegrebet.......En overvejelse af stilbegrebets filosofiske betydning i Wien for både formsproget, kulturkritikken, historietænkningen og kunstvidenskaben. Arkitekten Adolf Loos og kunsthistorikeren Alois Riegl sammenlignes ud fra Friedrich Nietzsches historiesyn og brug af stilbegrebet....

  14. Résistance - творческий акт культуры ХХ века / Людмила Глушковская

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Глушковская, Людмила, 1937-

    2012-01-01

    Boris Vildést, vene päritolu kirjanikust ja etnoloogist, Prantsuse vastupanuliikumisest osavõtjast. 1920-ndatel elas Vildé Tartus. Artiklis kajastuvad muljed kahest teosest: Сергей Исаков. Культура русской эмиграции в Эстонии. 1918-1940. Tallinn, 2011; Владимир Варшавский. Незамеченное поколение. Москва, 2010

  15. Gengangerhændelser

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Raahauge, Kirsten Marie

    2016-01-01

    hændelser med ekstraordinære overtoner; ofte i form af lyde i tilsyneladende tomme lokaler. For mange falder sådanne oplevelser ned mellem sprækkerne; de yder modstand mod common sense og åbner derved for en mere vild verdensfortolkning. Måske var det ikke et spøgelse, man så eller hørte, men hvad var det...

  16. Farestrategier og trampolinleg

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Karoff, Helle Skovbjerg

    Vild og farlig leg på havetrampoliner udfordrer børns sikkerhed og tryghed og er samtidig både udviklende og udfordrende. Børn kan lære at håndtere risici, når de leger på trampolinen. Helle Skovbjerg Karoff er adjunkt ved Aalborg Universitet/København og knyttet til forskningslaboratoriet for IT...

  17. Nástup Adolfa Hitlera k moci v politicko-společenském kontextu

    OpenAIRE

    HOREJŠ, Pavel

    2014-01-01

    The Bachelor thesis Adolf Hitler took up the power in the political and social context aims to map the path of Adolf Hitler to power. The Bachelor thesis starts at the Munich beer halls to his appointment as the Reich Chancellor. The aim is to highlight the social conditions and reasons which helped A. Hitler in the seizure of power. I focused on his dictatorial control of movement NSDAP, active attempts to seize power and political rise in the 1920s, political subsequent growth at the turn o...

  18. On the Concept of Causality in the Criminal Law

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adolf Reinach

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Adolf Reinach (1883–1917 was a German phenomenologist and legal theorist. This is a previously-unpublished translation (by Dr. Berit Brogaard of Reinach’s 1905 dissertation for his PhD earned under Theodor Lipps at the University of Munich, which was published as “Über den Ursachenbegriff im geltenden Strafrecht” (Leipzig: J. A. Barth 1905, and reprinted in Adolf Reinach, Sämtliche Werke. Textkritische Ausgabe [Collected Works: Critical Edition], Karl Schuhmann & Barry Smith, eds., 2 vols. (Munich: Philosophia Verlag, 1989, pp. 1–43.

  19. Právní aspekty jeruzalémského procesu s Adolfem Eichmannem

    OpenAIRE

    Kohout, David

    2009-01-01

    -89- 6 English Résumé, Key Words Právní aspekty jeruzalémského procesu s Adolfem Eichmannem Legal Aspects of the Jerusalem Trial of Adolf Eichmann Résumé In this diploma thesis I tried to provide a more or less complete overview of legal aspects of the trial of Adolf Eichmann and to point out some of its extra-legal consequences too. This trial took place in Jerusalem and together with the pre-trial proceedings it spanned more than two years. On the course of those two years (and predominan...

  20. Hõimupäevad 2004

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    Näitusi: Tallinna Pedagoogikaülikooli Akadeemilises Raamatukogus Eesti Kunstiakadeemia ekspeditsiooninäitus "Seto' täämbä" 12. X-13. XI. Obinitsas kontor-galeriis "Hal'as kunn" Vladimir Nagovitsõni näitus "Põhja-Udmurdi jumalad" 12. X-1. XI. E. Vilde ja A. H. Tammsaare memoriaalmuuseumis Valt Ernshtreidi ja Zane Graudina fotonäitus "Inter/rational" 13. X-1. XI. Eesti Rahva Muuseumi Näitustemajas näitus "Pruudi-vara" (kuraator Svetlana Karm, kujundaja Jane Liiv)15. X-31. XII

  1. Resenha de: Recueil des travaux historiques de Ferdinand Lot

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eurípedes Simões de Paula

    1968-03-01

    Full Text Available RECUEIL DES TRAVAUX HISTORIQUES DE FERDINAND LOT. Tome premier. Coleção "Hautes Études Médievales et Modernes". Centre de Recherches d'Histoire et de Philologie de la IVe Section de l'École Pratique des Hautes Études. Prefácio de Ch. Samaran e biografia por I. Vildé-Lot e M. Mahn-Lot. Publicado com o concurso do Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique. Genebra, Librairie Droz e Paris, Librairie Minard. In-89, XVIII -I- 780 pp

  2. Etendus ja mõtestus / Erkki Luuk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Luuk, Erkki, 1971-

    2006-01-01

    Gabriel Garcia Marqueze/ Toomas Hussari "Sada aastat..." Vanemuise teatris Hendrik Toomepere jun.lavastuses ja Ervin Õunapuu kujunduses, sotsiaaalselt mõtestatud teatri näiteina on juttu ka Mart Kivastiku näidendite "Külmetava kunstniku portree" ja "Põrgu wärk" ning Õunapuu-Uttoni monotüki "Adolf" lavastustest

  3. International Federation of Library Associations Annual Conference. Papers of the Special Libraries Division: Geographical and Map, Science and Technology and Social Science Libraries Sections (47th, Leipzig, East Germany, August 17-22, 1981).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sprudzs, Adolf; And Others

    This set of eight papers includes papers presented by participants from the United States, France, East Germany, the United Kingdom, West Germany, and the USSR: "Problems with Sources of Information in International Law and Relations: The Case of the World-Wide Treaty Jungle," by Adolf Sprudzs; "French Map Libraries and National and…

  4. Baginsky on Aphasia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Eling, P.A.T.M.

    2005-01-01

    The first functional representation of language processes, depicted in the form of a diagram, was probably produced by Adolf Baginsky in 1871. The present paper contains a short biography of him and a translation of the relevant part of Baginsky's paper. It appears that Baginsky attempted to

  5. Youth Reflect on Hitler: A Cross-National Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McRoy, James J.

    1985-01-01

    A content analysis of essays written by students from Great Britain and the United States on the topic "What I have heard about Adolf Hitler" showed that today's youth have only a very superficial knowledge about the events surrounding Hitler and Nazism. (RM)

  6. Roots and Routes: Road from Home to America, Middle East and Diaspora, about Being Armenian Genocide Female Survivor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aghajanian, Ani Derderian

    2011-01-01

    Adolf Hitler, on August 22, 1939 stated, "I have given orders to my Death Units to exterminate without mercy or pity men, women, and children belonging to the Polish-speaking race. It is only in this manner that we can acquire the vital territory which we need. After all, who remembers today the extermination of the Armenians?"…

  7. Why Study about F.D.R. and Hitler?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gross, Richard E.

    1983-01-01

    Both Franklin Delano Roosevelt and Adolf Hitler came to power in 1933. This 50th anniversary issue contains articles analyzing the two men, and the different political, social, moral, and artistic directions taken by the United States and Germany in the 1930's. American youth have much to learn from what occurred. (CS)

  8. Killing Hitler: A Writer's Journey and Angst.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thaler, Paul

    2002-01-01

    Describes the author's experiences in preparing a talk that "evokes the specter" of Adolf Hitler and in writing an historical account of a British plot to kill Hitler. Address the question of why the British allowed him to live that final year of the war. Muses on why scholars write, and the impact of violence and terrorism. (SG)

  9. Hitler and the Holocaust. Senior High School U.S. History, World History, English.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aldridge, Ron; Townsend, Kenneth

    This curriculum outline, designed for use in U.S. history, world history, or English courses, presents information about Adolf Hitler and the Holocaust. Part 1 provides a rationale for teaching about this subject, while part 2 presents an outline of historical information from 1887 to 1934 concerning Hitler's life and the rise of the Nazi Party.…

  10. Hitler’s Jewish Physicians

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weisz, George M.

    2014-01-01

    The mystery behind the behavior of infamous personalities leaves many open questions, particularly when related to the practice of medicine. This paper takes a brief look at two Jewish physicians who played memorable roles in the life of Adolf Hitler. PMID:25120923

  11. S voinoi pokontshili mõ stshjotõ? / Eteri Kekelidze

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kekelidze, Eteri, 1944-

    2004-01-01

    PÖFFi filme - mängufilm Teise maailmasõja viimastest päevadest Berliinis, peategelaseks Adolf Hitler - "Allakäik" : režissöör Oliver Hirschbiegel : Saksamaa 2004 ja Dmitri Meshijevi sõjafilm "Omad" : Venemaa 2004

  12. How to understand the parables of Jesus. A paradigm shift in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    For many years, the exegesis of the parables of Jesus was determined by assumptions that were largely purported by Adolf Jülicher and subsequently underwent only insignificant modification. The Kompendium der Gleichnisse Jesu (ed. R. Zimmermann, Gütersloh 2007), whose methodology and hermeneutics are ...

  13. Obraz hilsneriády ve vzájemné korespondenci Tomáše Garrigua Masaryka a Josefa Adolfa Bulovy

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Květová, Miroslava

    2017-01-01

    Roč. 9, č. 1 (2017), s. 51-84 ISSN 1803-9448 Institutional support: RVO:67985921 Keywords : Masaryk, Tomáš Garrigue * Bulova, Josef Adolf * correspondence Subject RIV: AB - History OBOR OECD: History (history of science and technology to be 6.3, history of specific sciences to be under the respective headings)

  14. Saksa krambiteater - levinud müüt / Laur Kaunissaare

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaunissaare, Laur, 1982-

    2004-01-01

    Saksa teatrites nähtud lavastustest - R. Wilsoni lavastus "Leonce ja Lena" Berliner Ensemble'is, T. Ostermeieri "Nukumaja" Schaubühnes, Berliner Ensemble'i proovilaval mängitav monodraama "Artaud meenutab Adolf Hitlerit ja Romanisches Cafed" (esitab M. Wuttke), M. Thalheimeri lavastus "Emilia Galotti" Deutsches Theateris

  15. Kuninglik kingitus Sofiero / Meeli Müüripeal

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Müüripeal, Meeli, 1963-

    2005-01-01

    Sofiero pargist, mille tulevane Rootsi kuningas Gustav VI Adolf ja kroonprintsess Margareta said 1905. a. pulmakingiks, mille nad tegid kauniks ja kuulsaks ning pärandasid Helsingborgi linnale. Margareta avaldatud aiaraamatutest. Juubelisuveks ilmus rootsi ja inglise keeles kogumik "Sofiero. Royal Residence and Glorius Garden". 18 ill

  16. Increased levels of deleted in malignant brain tumours 1 (DMBT1) in active bacteria-related appendicitis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kaemmerer, Elke; Schneider, Ursula; Klaus, Christina

    2012-01-01

    Kaemmerer E, Schneider U, Klaus C, Plum P, Reinartz A, Adolf M, Renner M, Wolfs T G A M, Kramer B W, Wagner N, Mollenhauer J & Gassler N (2012) Histopathology Increased levels of deleted in malignant brain tumours 1 (DMBT1) in active bacteria-related appendicitis Aims:  Deleted in malignant brain...

  17. Meie skandaalitsesime ka! Jaanipäeval võttis MM suuna teatrifestivalile "Baltoscandal" / Anu Aaremäe, Tiiu Suvi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Aaremäe, Anu

    2000-01-01

    Meeldejäävaimaid "teatripärleid" Rakvere teatrifestivalilt "Baltoscandal 2000" : Oskaras Korshunovas Theatre, Marius von Mayenburgi "Tule nägu" ("The Face of Fire"), lavastaja O. Korshunovas, Pit Uttoni ühemehetükk "Adolf", Sasha Pepeljajevi trupi "One Second Hand" ja poola "Moisture", lavastaja Madzik Leszek

  18. Alfred. První opera Antonína Dvořáka se vrací

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Kratochvílová, Markéta

    2014-01-01

    Roč. 19, č. 3 (2014), s. 6-7 Institutional support: RVO:68378076 Keywords : Gerd Albrecht * Adolf Heller * Karl Theodor Körner * opera * Antonín Dvořák * Alfred Subject RIV: AL - Art, Architecture, Cultural Heritage

  19. Alfred: Dvořák’s first opera and its fate

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Kratochvílová, Markéta

    -, č. 3 (2014), s. 7-11 ISSN 1211-0264 Institutional support: RVO:68378076 Keywords : Gerd Albrecht * Adolf Heller * Karl Theodor Körner * opera * Antonín Dvořák * Alfred Subject RIV: AL - Art, Architecture, Cultural Heritage

  20. Autentsuse ihalus ja strateegiad tänases Eesti teatris / Anneli Saro

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Saro, Anneli, 1968-

    2007-01-01

    Aluseks võetud lavastused "Rätsep" (lav. Mart Koldits) ja "Nii see on kui teile nii näib" (lav. Adolf Shapiro) Tallinna Linnateatris, "Hamletid" (lav. Sasha Pepeljajev) ja "Faust" (lav. Taavi Eelmaa) Von Krahli Teatris, Tiit Ojasoo ja Ene-Liis Semperi lavastus "Nafta!" NO99 teatris. Kasut. kirjandus lk. 126

  1. Briti näitekirjanik Utton astus Langi kaitseks välja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Justiitsminister Rein Lang tähistas oma sünnipäeva 4. juulil Tartus Püssirohukeldris Vanemuise teatri monotükiga "Adolf", autor Pip Utton. Šoti uudisteportaal Scotsman.com kirjutas, et vastuseks Vene meedia kriitikale kutsub autor etendust üheskoos Edinburghi vaatama

  2. "Allakäigu" realistlik tõepära rabab traagilisel moel / Andres Laasik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laasik, Andres, 1960-2016

    2004-01-01

    PÖFFi filme - mängufilm Teise maailmasõja viimastest päevadest Berliinis, peategelaseks Adolf Hitler - "Allakäik" ("Der Untergang") : režissöör Oliver Hirschbiegel : Saksamaa 2004. Lisa : Saksa meediast Urmet Koogi tõlgitud lühiintervjuu näitleja Bruno Ganziga "Ma ei parodeerinud Hitlerit"

  3. Chaos Theory and International Relations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-12-01

    King Oscar II 12 James E. Glenn, Chaos Theory: The Essentials for Military Applications (Newport, RI...Adolf Hitler in Germany, Alexander’s conquest of the Persian Empire, the arrival of Attila to Europe, the onset of the two Gulf Wars, the Arab Spring

  4. Hitler's Worldview and the Interwar Kulturkampf

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Weir, Todd Hagman

    2018-01-01

    This conceptual historical investigation of Adolf Hitler’s use and understanding of the term worldview (Weltanschauung) revisits the debate over the relationship of religion and National Socialism. The tendency of most studies of Hitler’s worldview to focus on the genealogy of his beliefs correlates

  5. Sound-tracking Germany: 70 years of imagining the nation from Schlager to Techno

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schiller, M.M.

    2016-01-01

    In the mid-seventies, Kraftwerk asked, "What is the sound of the German Bundesrepublik?" and answered with their international über-hit "Autobahn". In the eighties, Deutsch Amerikanische Freundschaft [DAF] ordered the dance-obsessed New German Wave youth to "shake your ass and do the Adolf Hitler!"

  6. Hitler’s Jewish Physicians

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    George M. Weisz

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available The mystery behind the behavior of infamous personalities leaves many open questions, particularly when related to the practice of medicine. This paper takes a brief look at two Jewish physicians who played memorable roles in the life of Adolf Hitler.

  7. Sport, kunst en propaganda in het Derde Rijk

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jan de Leeuw

    2017-01-01

    In de Duitse stad Bochum loopt op dit moment een tentoonstelling met als titel: 'Artige Kunst' (gewillige, gehoorzame kunst). Het is kunst die paste bij de cultuurpolitiek van het nationaalsocialisme van Adolf Hitler. In 1937 werd deze kunst getoond tijdens de eerste Grossen Deutschen

  8. Nazi terror system and its practical use

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anvar M. Mamadaliev

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available The article tells about reasons and consequences of Adolf Hitler’s terror. Special attention is attached to mechanism of Nazi dictatorship and its ideological bases, set in Hitler’s work ‘My Struggle’, the 25 Point Program.

  9. Test your self-leadership skills. How good are you in leading yourself?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    L.G. Tummers (Lars)

    2014-01-01

    textabstractWhen most people think of leaders, they think of famous people like Martin Luther King, John F. Kennedy, or (when talking about toxic leaders), Adolf Hitler. But why not think about ourselves in term of a leader? Academics and professionals interested in ‘self-leadership’ chose this

  10. Using Historical Empathy to Excite Students about the Study of History: Can You Empathize with Neville Chamberlain?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foster, Stuart

    1999-01-01

    Describes a historical empathy lesson that requires high school students to understand, explain, and evaluate why Neville Chamberlain followed the policy of appeasement in his negotiations with Adolf Hitler. Defines historical empathy and includes an appendix with list of key events, student investigation sheet, and resource materials. (CMK)

  11. William Healy, M.D., Father of the American Child Guidance Movement

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-08-01

    courts, was another important development, starting in 1899. Meyer, Sigmund Freud , and Healy all contributed to the next step, which coupled the...Dummer Papers lists 454 correspondents. The prominent psychiatrists include: Franz Alexander, Trigant Burrow, Havelock Ellis, Flanders Dunbar, Sigmund ... Freud , Roy Grinker, William Healy, Karen Homey, Marion E. Kenworthy, Lawson Lowrey, Julse Masserman, Karl Menninger, Adolf Meyer, Smith Ely Jelliffe

  12. Eesti rahvusliku tahte triumf? / Tarmo Jüristo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jüristo, Tarmo

    2010-01-01

    Autor analüüsib kaitseminister Jaak Aaviksoo Tartu rahu aastapäevale pühendatud kõnet, milles kaitseminister viitas tahtmatult 1934. aasta propagandafilmile "Tahte triumf" ("Triumph des Willens"), mis kujutas Adolf Hitleri saabumist natsionaalsotsialistliku partei Nürnbergi konverentsile

  13. Weimari vari / Kalle Muuli

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Muuli, Kalle, 1958-

    2008-01-01

    Enne Venemaa presidendivalimisi võrdles Eesti president Toomas Hendrik Ilves praegust Venemaad kunagise Weimari vabariigiga Saksamaal, jättes mainimata, et Weimari vabariik lõppes valimistega, mis tõid võimule natsionaalsotsialistliku partei eesotsas Adolf Hitleriga. Demokraatlike valimistega seotud ohtudest vähese demokraatiakogemusega maades

  14. 4R 31TR4SIE TY[)E~S [)IE EOEREOORLOG

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Adolf Hitler aangehaal deur F. L. Schuman,. International Politics, p. 174. Die belangrikste uitvloeisel van die Den Haag byeenkoms was sekerlik die feit dat daar vir die eerste keer in die geskiedenis 'n poging aangewend is om 'n internasionale organisa- sie in die Iewe te roep met regeringsteun, om oorlog te bekamp.

  15. R-ES-ONA--NCEI

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    In January 1933 Adolf Hitler came to power in. Germany. The policy of purging Germany of. Jews from its cultural life was set in motion. Jewish scientists were removed from their jobs and many of them migrated to other countries. Heisenberg decided to remain in Germany as he thought that by remaining there something of.

  16. Advising China, 1924-1948: The Role of Military Culture in Foreign Advisory Missions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-27

    part of Ludendorff’s ultra-nationalist circle, which had participated in Adolf Hitler’s failed Beer Hall Putsch in 1923. 73 The advisers... Sour ce: Charles F. Romanus and Riley Sunderland, United States Army in World War II, China-Burma-India Theater: Stilwell’s Mission to China

  17. Resonance journal of science education

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    IAS Admin

    (Credit: M S Pavan, IISc). Adolf von Baeyer. (1835–1917). (Illustration: Subhankar Biswas). Front Cover. Science Smiles. Ayan Guha. 488. Back Cover. Inside Back Cover. Flowering Trees. Credit: R Arun Singh, IISc. 483. REFLECTIONS. 570 Ramanujan's Circle. Inspirors, Patrons and Mentors. Utpal Mukhopadhyay. 489.

  18. Retrospective: Ivy Lee and the German Dye Trust.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hainsworth, Brad E.

    1987-01-01

    Examines the relationship between public relations trailblazer Ivy Lee and the German Dye Trust, which became an agent for the policies of Adolf Hitler. Discusses how Lee's efforts to use this relationship to persuade his contacts to influence the Nazi leadership failed because of his formal connection with this group. (JD)

  19. Teatrihuviline kisub end täna õhtul lõhki / Raimu Hanson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hanson, Raimu, 1957-

    2006-01-01

    26. jaan. on Tartus võimalik vaadata järgmisi lavastusi - Sagar Sagitta "Ajatud" Tampere majas, Vanemuise "Adolf" Püssirohukeldris, Võru Teatriateljee "Ilma luuminõ @ muu äri" Sadamateatris ja Emajõe Suveteatri "Frankenstein" vanas anatoomikumis

  20. Author Details

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Did Adolf Hitler have syphilis? Abstract PDF · Vol 44, No 2 (2007) - Articles Die problematisering van die etiese: Deon Meyer se Infanta as hardboiled misdaadroman. Abstract PDF · Vol 23, No 1 (2009) - Articles Book Review: O.J.O. Ferreira, Da Costa Leal in die Zuid-Afrikaanse Republiek: die sekretaris van 'n Portugese ...

  1. Intelligence and Security: Ingredients for Stable Polity, Food Security ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    In Nigeria, intelligence, especially military intelligence became like the Gestapo of Adolf Hitler during the regime of General Sani Abacha. Their allegiance was blindly to the government of the day, constructive intelligence gathering and Analysis was relegated to the background. The country became stagnant and moved ...

  2. Criticism over justice minister's Hitler party

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Justiitsminister Rein Lang tähistas 4. juulil Tartus Püssirohu keldris oma sünnipäeva, kus etendati monotükki "Adolf" Hitleri viimastest elutundidest. Venemaa reageering ja süüdistused, Rein Langi vastus kriitikale

  3. Mänguasjade valmistamisest ja turustamisest Tallinnas 1930. aastatel / Merike Metsna

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Metsna, Merike

    2007-01-01

    Tallinnas asunud mänguasjakaupluste loetelu. Esimene mänguasjade tööstuseks nimetatud ettevõte registreeriti Tallinnas 1925. aastal, omanikuks N. Heidelberg. 1933. aastal alustas tegevust Nõmme-Läänela Nukutööstus, omanikuks Cecelia Tehve. Väga tunnustatud nukumeistriks 1930. aastate Tallinnas oli Adolf Turba.

  4. 1972, pp. 136. 76

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    WERNER MASER: Adolf Hitler. legende, mythe, werkelijkheid. Uitgeverij De Arbeiders- pers, Amsterdam, 1973, pp. 531. Met aante- keninge [pp. 429 -. 506] en bibliografie. [pp. 507 - 531]. In 1945 het die skrywer van hierdie studie, op grond van 'n proefskrif oor die doelbewuste aankweek van die Hitlerlegende tot 1924,.

  5. Reflections on Antecedents of the Holocaust.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fritz, Stephen G.

    1990-01-01

    Examines the influence of Karl Marx's writings on Adolf Hitler, and asks whether there was a causal nexus between Russian and Nazi atrocities. Uses primary sources as a method for historical comparison. Compares Hitler's writings on antisemitism with those of Marx. (NL)

  6. Author Details

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Retief, Francois. Vol 95, No 10 (2005): - Articles Did Adolf Hitler have syphilis? Abstract PDF. ISSN: 0256-95749. AJOL African Journals Online. HOW TO USE AJOL... for Researchers · for Librarians · for Authors · FAQ's · More about AJOL · AJOL's Partners · Terms and Conditions of Use · Contact AJOL · News. OTHER ...

  7. torily resolved by the author in footnote 172 [p.113]. Then there are ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    WERNER MASER: Adolf Hitler. legende, mythe, werkelijkheid. Uitgeverij De Arbeiders- pers, Amsterdam, 1973, pp. 531. Met aante- keninge [pp. 429 -. 506] en bibliografie. [pp. 507 - 531]. In 1945 het die skrywer van hierdie studie, op grond van 'n proefskrif oor die doelbewuste aankweek van die Hitlerlegende tot 1924,.

  8. Nazi interne propaganda in die tweede wêreldoorlog | Kotze ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Adolf Hitler considered propaganda as a tactical weapon which should be used in warfare. The Second World War proved that it was no super weapon, and that it could not be used in isolation, but it is generally agreed that Nazi internal propaganda played a prominent part in upholding solidarity of morale in Germany ...

  9. "Structured Discovery": A Modified Inquiry Approach to Teaching Social Studies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lordon, John

    1981-01-01

    Describes structured discovery approach to inquiry teaching which encourages the teacher to select instructional objectives, content, and questions to be answered. The focus is on individual and group activities. A brief outline using this approach to analyze Adolf Hitler is presented. (KC)

  10. Charismatic Leaders: A Lesson Plan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johns, Robert W.

    1983-01-01

    Focusing upon Franklin D. Roosevelt and Adolf Hitler, these lessons for high school students in U.S. or world history courses deal with what charismatic leadership is, what circumstances and personality factors generate charismatic movements, and the role, results, and dangers of charismatic leadership. (RM)

  11. Content Analysis of Essays from a Cross-National Survey: Implications for Teaching Strategies in Holocaust Studies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McRoy, James J.

    The content of essays written by randomly selected samples of 1500 U.S. and 500 British secondary students on the topic "What have I learned about Adolf Hitler?" were partitioned into theme-related assertions and analyzed. An experimental group of 150 9th- and 11th-grade male students who had studied the Holocaust also contributed papers…

  12. Modelli tabamas / Andri Ksenofontov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ksenofontov, Andri, 1962-

    2009-01-01

    Tallinna Linnagaleriis 3. maini avatud Tanja Muravskaja isikunäitus "Lucky Losers" ("Õnnelikud kaotajad") esitab seitsme vene rahvusest Eestis tuntud inimese videoportreed. Portreteeritavad on Dimitri Klenski, Adolf Käis, Anna Levandi, Tatjana Muravjova, Mihhail Stalnuhhin, Eduard Toman ja Boris Tuch

  13. Linnateater - 16 nimetust / Boris Tuch

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tuch, Boris, 1946-

    2006-01-01

    Tallinna Linnateatri viimase kümne aasta lavastustest ja lavastajatest - Elmo Nüganen, Jaanus Rohumaa, Mart Koldits, Eva Klemets ja külalislavastajast Adolf Shapirost. Pikemalt peatutakse lavastustel "Pianoola ehk Mehhaaniline klaver", "Tõde ja õigus. Teine osa", Tshapajev ja Pustota", "Et keegi mind valvaks"

  14. Ritualnõi skandal / Mark Levin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Levin, Mark

    2000-01-01

    Rakvere teatrifestival "Baltoscandal 2000" : New Yorgi Wyoming Dance Theatre Projecti all tegutseva Pat Creminsi tantsuõhtu, inglase Pit Upponi kehastatud Hitler monotükis "Adolf", Oskaras Korshunovas Theatre, Marius von Mayenburgi "Tule nägu" ("The Face of Fire"), lavastaja Oskaras Korshunovas, jt.

  15. Selgusid Tuglase novellipreemia saajad

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    Laureaadid on Lauri Pilter novelli "Teisik" eest ja Ilmar Jaks novelli "Armer Adolf" ja novellikogu "Pimedus" eest. Vt. ka Sirp, 2004, 27. veebr., lk. 18 ; Eesti Päevaleht : Arkaadia, 2004, 27. veebr., lk. 14 ; Postimees, 2004, 3. märts, lk. 15 ; Looming, 2004, nr. 4, lk. 629

  16. Muumi-Stalinid ja väikesed Hitler-Myd / Veiko Märka

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Märka, Veiko, 1964-

    2009-01-01

    Soomerootsi kirjaniku ja kunstniku Tove Janssoni (1914-2001) näitus "Adolf, Jossif ja sõda Tove sihikul - Tove Janssoni poliitilised karikatuurid ajakirjas Garm 1930.-1940. aastail" Soome Instituudi Tartu osakonnas (Vanemuise 19) 18. veebruarini 2009. a. Kunstniku eluloolisi andmeid ja loomingust

  17. Vaade hävingu epitsentrile / Mari Laaniste

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laaniste, Mari, 1977-

    2006-01-01

    Mängufilm Teise maailmasõja viimastest päevadest Berliinis, peategelaseks Adolf Hitler - "Allakäik" : režissöör Oliver Hirschbiegel : Saksamaa 2004. Lühidalt ka režissööri elust ja loomingust

  18. Eichmann was meer dan een radertje

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van den Brink, H.H.A.

    1999-01-01

    Hannah Arendt werd in 1963 verweten Adolf Eichmann te hebben afgeschilderd als een 'ambtenaar' van het kwaad, niet als een 'demon' van het kwaad. Bert van den Brink meent dat uit haar these van de 'banaliteit van het kwaad' geenszins volgt dat zij hem van schuld aan nazimisdaden zou hebben

  19. The Eichmann Trial on East German Television

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Keilbach, Judith

    2014-01-01

    abstractThe trial against Adolf Eichmann was one of the first transnational media events on television. Its world-wide coverage required transnational cooperation. Using East German television reports about the trial this article argues that although the event transcended national borders it

  20. Eichmann is my Father: Harry Mulisch, the Eichmann Trial and the Question of Guilt

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Corduwener, P.

    2014-01-01

    The trial of Adolf Eichmann in 1961 did much to stimulate the debate about the remembrance and nature of the Holocaust after the ‘Silent Fifties’ in Europe. This article studies the interpretation of this trial by the Dutch novelist Harry Mulisch. It contextualizes his work in the remembrance of the

  1. Manhunting: Counter-Network Organization for Irregular Warfare

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-09-01

    Buenos Aires, Argentina Israeli Mossad pursued Adolf Eichmann . Eichmann was finally identified in Buenos Aires. Apprehended on his way home, he...Malkin and Harry Stein, Eichmann in My Hands (New York: Warner Books, May 1990). Mossad is the Israeli intelligence service. 288. “Dr. Gerald Bull

  2. De banaliteit van het kwaad en de zin van straf

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rozemond, N.

    2017-01-01

    In her book Eichmann in Jerusalem Hannah Arendt argued that Adolf Eichmann did not fulfill a necessary condition for punishment: he did not have an 'intent to do wrong'. Eichmann wanted to be a law abiding citizen. Thus he was able to commit terrible acts that, according to the laws of Nazi Germany,

  3. Perspectives on Leadership

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-01-01

    over young children.22 Adolf Eichmann , often referred to as the architect of the Holocaust, represents an adult who operated at stage 1 according to...Kohlberg’s ratings of statements Eichmann made at his 1961 trial in Israel. The following statements illustrate Eichmann’s abdication of responsibility

  4. The Eichmann Trial on East German Television

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Judith Keilbach

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The trial against Adolf Eichmann was one of the first transnational media events on television. Its world-wide coverage required transnational cooperation. Using East German television reports about the trial this article argues that although the event transcended national borders it maintained at the same time ideological boundaries.

  5. Apostle Battery Table Bay Fire Command

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    part of a plan to upgrade port defences through- out the British Commonwealth and had come about as the result of Japan's increasingly ag- gressive stance in the East including her occu- pation of Manchuria and her withdrawal from the. League of Nations in March 1933, and the rise to power of Adolf Hitler in Germany.

  6. Aerodynamic and Related Hydrodynamic Studies Using Water Facilities, Symposium of the Fluid Dynamics Panel Held in Monterey, California on 20-23 October 1986.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-06-01

    dimensional simulation of the structure of this tip vortex can be carried out either on the Unigraphics UG-2 terminal or the Evans and Sutherland PS-300...fluid dynamics then to have close contact with John Stack (to whom we owe transonic developments then), Tony Ferri, Carl Kaplan, Adolf Busemann, Clint

  7. Towards a Tectonic Approach

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hvejsel, Marie Frier; Kirkegaard, Poul Henning; Mortensen, Sophie Bondgaard

    2015-01-01

    through this transformation is inevitably a tectonic question. By analyzing three historical examples, Adolf Loos’ Villa Moller, Le Corbusier’s Unité d’Habitation, and Frank Lloyd Wright’s Johnson Wax Administration Building, chosen for their tectonic ability to exploit the technical ‘principle’ defining...

  8. Tartu ülikooli Vene ajaloo professor Alexander Brückner (1834-1896) / Tiit Rosenberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rosenberg, Tiit, 1946-

    2004-01-01

    Alexander Brückneri elust, vaadetest, loomingust ja perekonnast. Alexander Brücknerist kui Õpetatud Eesti Seltsi liikmest. Tartu Ülikooli vene ajaloo õppejõududest. Lühidalt Tartust pärit vene ajaloo uurijast Ernst Adolf Herrmannist

  9. The role of culture in effective HIV/AIDS communication by theatre in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Chijioke Uwah

    2014-04-04

    Apr 4, 2014 ... which was adopted for anthropological use by Adolf Bastian. From Bastian the ... the need for theatre to adopt culture-sensitive models/theories in its health ...... go after rich men for financial gratification in exchange for sex.

  10. Hurwitz Centenary Conference, Centro Stefano Franscini

    CERN Document Server

    Mansour, Mohamed

    1996-01-01

    This book contains the historical development of the seminal paper of Adolf Hurwitz, professor in mathematics at ETH (1892~1919), and its impact on other fields. The major emphasis, however, is on modern results in stability theory and its application in the theory of control and numerics. In particular, stability of the following problems is treated: linear, nonlinear and time-dependent systems, discretizations of ordinary and partial differential equations, systems with time delay on multidimensional systems. In addition robust stability, pole placement and problems related to the stability radius are treated. The book is an outgrowth of the international conference "Centennial Hurwitz on Stability Theory" which was held to honor Adolf Hurwitz, whose arti­ cle on the location of roots of a polynomial was published one hundred years ago. The conference took place at the Centro Stefano Franscini, Monte Verita, Ascona, Switzerland, on May 21~26, 1995. This book contains a collection of the papers and open pro...

  11. Hitler's hysterical blindness: fact or fiction? A cegueira histérica de Hitler: fato ou ficção?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Péricles Maranhão-Filho

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available This article deals with a little known episode that occurred near the end of the Great War in a military reserve hospital located in the small town of Pasewalk, part of the distant region of Pomerania in northern Poland. The story is centered around the transient visual loss of a 29-year-old Austrian messenger of the 16th Bavarian Infantry Regiment. His name: Adolf Hitler.Este artigo trata de um episódio mal conhecido, ocorrido próximo ao final da Primeira Grande Guerra, em um hospital militar da reserva, situado na pequena cidade de Pasewalk, na distante região da Pomerania ao norte da Polônia. No centro desta história, a perda visual transitória de um cabo austríaco de 29 anos, mensageiro do 16º Regimento Bávaro de Infantaria. Seu nome: Adolf Hitler.

  12. Ku Klux Rising: Toward an Understanding of American Right Wing Terrorist Campaigns

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-01

    leadership of Adolf Hitler and his paramilitary Sturm Abteilung (SA); even Japanese succumbed to the ideas of the Society for the Preservation of the...Jihad (Hoboken, N.J.: John Wiley & Sons, 2008). 634 Tony Kaye, “American History X,” (United States: New Line Cinema , 1998). 241 and respected...Summer 1997). 262 Kaye, Tony. “American History X.” United States: New Line Cinema , 1998. Keefer, Philip, and Norman Loayza. Terrorism, Economic

  13. Teine nahk ehk Ornament ja meie / Hanno Soans

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Soans, Hanno, 1974-

    2003-01-01

    Arhitekt Adolf Loosi suhtumine ornamenti ja nahakaunistustesse, tattoo tagasitulek käibesse läänes XX sajandi II poolel. EKA nahakunsti eriala diplomandi Kerstin Raidma lõputööst, mis sisaldas seeria levinumaid tätoveeringupiirkondi katvaid nahast ehteid, lühidalt sama eriala lõpetaja Agnetha Kurusoni lõputööst "Kest" ja lõputööde hinnetest

  14. Hitler's hysterical blindness: fact or fiction?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maranhão-Filho, Péricles; Silva, Carlos Eduardo da Rocha E

    2010-10-01

    This article deals with a little known episode that occurred near the end of the Great War in a military reserve hospital located in the small town of Pasewalk, part of the distant region of Pomerania in northern Poland. The story is centered around the transient visual loss of a 29-year-old Austrian messenger of the 16th Bavarian Infantry Regiment. His name: Adolf Hitler.

  15. L’elogio del superficiale. Dal chiasma tattile a quello visivo, considerazioni tra Portmann e Merleau-Ponty

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alessandra Scotti

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available This work investigates Maurice Merleau-Ponty’s concept of chiasme and his philosophical link with the biology by Adolf Portmann. The paper invokes a different meaning of "profondeur" surfaces, according to the notion of self-presentation. Through the studies of Merleau-Ponty, Arendt and Portmann himself it emerges the possibility of overcaming the opposition between inside/outside and a new conception of inter-animal-ity.

  16. Combatting Terrorism through Study of the Genetic Psychology of Terrorist Leaders. The Early Development of the Terrorist Mind

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-12-01

    Time contained an article entitled, "Recollections from Jaruzelski and Mussolini’s Daughter." This article talked of a Time correspondent finding Edda ...still adores her father." 𔃾 Not only did Edda Mussolini look like her father, but also shared her father’s respect and friendship for Adolf Hitler. In...the September 4, 1989 issue of Time, in an article entitled "Remembrance: Edda Mussolini Ciano: A ’Very Polite Hitler’," Otto Friedrich quoted Edda

  17. Den 11. olympiade - Berlin 1936. De danske avisers syn på sport og politik i 1930erne

    OpenAIRE

    Jensen, Rasmus Camillo

    2016-01-01

    This masters-thesis will examine how the six big Danish newspapers Arbejderbladet, Berlingske Tidende, Fyns Tidende, Jyllands-Posten, Politiken and Social-Demokraten wrote about the 1936 Olympics. The 1936 Olympics was held in Berlin, Germany, in a time where the Nazis, with Adolf Hitler as its leader, had the power. The purpose of this masters-thesis is to examine whether the six chosen newspapers referred to Nazis legislation in their coverage of the Olympics, because this legislation had i...

  18. Moskovskije stsenõ / Eteri Kekelidze

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kekelidze, Eteri, 1944-

    2008-01-01

    Moskva teatrites nähtud lavastustest : Adolf Shapiro "451 kraadi Fahrenheiti järgi" (Et Cetera teater), Pjotr Fomenko "Kaasavaratu" ja Jevgeni Kamenkovitshi "Kõige tähtsam" (Pjotr Fomenko Meistriklass), Juri Butussovi "Kuningas Lear" (Satirikoni teater) Konstantin Raikini esituses (pälvis rolli eest Kuldse maski preemia) ja Rimas Tuminase "Häda mõistuse pärast" (Sovremenniku teatris)

  19. The red atom - the help to Russia of German scientists between 1945 - 1961

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Andurand, R.

    2009-01-01

    The fifth chapter of the cooperation between German scientists and USSR from 1945 to 1961 is tackled in this issue. It treats how the german scientists were ostracized and then, their return to Germany. The returns began in 1954. The lives of Gustav Hertz, Heinz Barwich, Bruno Pontecorvo, klaus Fuchs, Manfred von Ardenne, Peter Adolf von Thiessen, Max Christian Theodor Steenbeck, Gernot Zippe, Max Vollmer, are in relation with the development of nuclear research where they brought their contribution. (N.C.)

  20. Bojan Penev a jeho kontakty s Čechami a českou kulturou

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Černý, Marcel; Hronková, D.

    2016-01-01

    Roč. 85, č. 1 (2016), s. 86-121 ISSN 0037-6736 Institutional support: RVO:68378017 Keywords : Penev, Bojan * Czech-Bulgarian cultural relations * comparative literature studies * scientific correspondences * Novák, Arne * Tichý, František Rut (ps. Zdeněk Broman) * Murko, Matija * Černý, Adolf * Páta, Josef Subject RIV: AJ - Letters, Mass-media, Audiovision

  1. Hitlers Store Gennembrud

    OpenAIRE

    Kongsbøg, Andreas Aabye; Vesth, Mille; Grcic, Ema; Kampman, Anders Engelund; Nielsen, Magnus Nørhave

    2016-01-01

    This study examines the political landscape during the Weimar Republic, which led to Adolf Hitler and Nationalsozialistische Deutschhe Arbeiterpartei’s (NSDAP) rise to power. Through a historical examination of the German political system, we found a number of critical obstacles, which most likely led to the fall of the democratic majority. The government was forced to deal with the demands of war reparations, an economic crisis caused by the Great Depression and the rise in far-right populis...

  2. Test your self-leadership skills. How good are you in leading yourself?

    OpenAIRE

    Tummers, Lars

    2014-01-01

    textabstractWhen most people think of leaders, they think of famous people like Martin Luther King, John F. Kennedy, or (when talking about toxic leaders), Adolf Hitler. But why not think about ourselves in term of a leader? Academics and professionals interested in ‘self-leadership’ chose this path. Self-leadership literature can provide important lessons for professionals. Self-leadership has been shown to result in greater career success, more job satisfaction and less stress. Read this bl...

  3. Sotsiaalselt pime ja poliitiliselt impotentne teater / Alvar Loog

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Loog, Alvar

    2006-01-01

    Poliitilisest ja sotsiaalsest teatrist Eestis 2005. aasta lavastuste põhjal : Pip Upponi "Adolf" Tartu Püssirohukeldris, lavastaja Ervin Õunapuu; Merle Karusoo "Misjonärid" Rakvere Teatris; Alistair Beatoni "Õnnetunne" Ugalas, lavastaja Jaak Allik; Toomas Kalli " Viimane sent" Vana Baskini Teatris, lavastaja Eino Baskin; George Orwelli "Loomade farm" Tallinna Linnateatris, lavastaja Mart Koldits; Kai Henseli "Klammi sõda" VAT Teatris, lavastaja Aare Toikka

  4. The treatment of a dictator.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wade, Owen

    2003-05-01

    In 1973 Mr Richard Hughes, who was working on the third novel of his trilogy on the rise of the Nazi Party and Adolf Hitler, came to see me regarding a document, some 300 pages long, on the medical treatment given by Dr Theodore Morell to Hitler. The document had been obtained at the Nuremberg war trials. My original report to Hughes on the content of this document is reproduced here.

  5. Iskusstvo bumazhnogo lista / Galina Balashova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Balashova, Galina

    2006-01-01

    Tšehhi Vabariigi suursaatkonna vahendatud tšehhi graafika näitus "10 isiksust tšehhi graafikas" Eesti Rahvusraamatukogus. Tsehhi graafika ajaloost ja töödest näitusel. Esindatud on kunstnikud Eduard Ovèaèek, Kveta Pacovska, Alena Kuèerova, Mikolash Axman, Adolf Born, Ladislav €epelak, Jiri Shalamoun, Lubomir Paeibyl, Jaroslav Kralik ja Jiri Anderle

  6. If You Don’t Like This, You May Resign and Go Home: Commanders’ Considerations in Assaulting a Fortified Position

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-03-01

    Panther equipped battalion from the 1st SS Panzer Division (Leibstandarte Adolf Hitler) and two battle groups of infantry and Tiger tanks from the 12th...British left (the eastern side of the box) and its absence gave the German Tiger tanks around Emieville the chance to counterattack into troops who thought... Tiger tank platoon leader. Officer Candidates had to prove themselves in combat prior to commissioning. All subsequent references will be cited as

  7. Арт-салон объединит культурных людей / Ксения Репсон

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Репсон, Ксения

    2010-01-01

    Vene Teater ja Adolf Käis Art Company avasid teatris uue kunstisalongi GraO (Гражданское общество) "Королевский жираф" kompositsioon-etendusega "Hinge anatoomia". Performance'i etendasid Stanislav Varkki ja Larissa Lebedeva

  8. Obedience In Perspective: Psychology and the Holocaust

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-01-01

    Arendt , Hannah (1963). Eichmann in Jerusalem. London: Faber and Faber. Bartov, Omer. (2001). The Eastern Front, 1941-1945: German Troops and the...Nuremberg Tribunals following the defeat of Germany in World War II and the trial of Adolf Eichmann in Jerusalem in 1961 ( Arendt , 1963). Second...separated from the rest of us. After Hannah Arendt’s interpretation of Eichmann and the Milgram experiments, though, it seemed clear that absolutely

  9. At Tage Liv

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mikkelsen, Henrik Hvenegaard

    2013-01-01

    Siden Hannah Arendts bog om den tyske nazi-forbryder Adolf Eichmann har vi lært, at ekstrem vold muliggøres af "dehumani­sering". Man bliver nødt til at klassificere personer som mindre eller anderledes end et menneske for at kunne påføre dem lidelse; således sætter gerningsmanden sig ud over...

  10. Studies in Intelligence. Volume 53, Number 3, September 2009

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-09-01

    Genius for Deception 1914-1945, Nicholas Rankin Hunting Eichmann : How a Band of Survivors and a Young Spy Agency Chased Down the World’s Most...provides a conditionally useful introduc- tion to a subject not previously treated in this format. Historical Neal Bascomb, Hunting Eichmann : How a...bibliography, photos, index. During WW II, Nazi SS officer Adolf Eichmann arranged for the collection and shipment of thousands of Jews to

  11. The Socialization into Criminality: On Becoming a Prisoner and a Guard.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1974-02-15

    and deviance we assume produced their actions, as is dramatically documented in Arendt’s (1965) study of Adolf Eichmann : ...The trouble with Eichmann ...looking out for his personal advancement, [ Eichmann ] had no motives at all. And this diligence in itself was in no way criminal; he certainly would...Arendt, H. Eichmann in Jerusalem: A report on the banality of evil. New York: The Viking Press, 1965. Bagdikian, B. The shame of the prisons

  12. Kant og den moderne pliktbevissthet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hjördis Nerheim

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Kant’s rejection of rebellion as a political right seems to be problematic for his concept of duty. The paper discusses the trial of the Holocaust perpetrator Adolf Eichmann as a possible case against Kant’s political philosophy. It argues, however, that Kant in his Critique of Judgment and in his philosophy of religion has articulated a very sophisticated point of view.

  13. The Expanding Context of European and Mediterranean Security: A Joint Project Between the Center for Naval Analyses (CNA) and Centro Militare di Studi Strategici (CeMiSS)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-07-01

    viable state with its flag in Jerusalem . The final criterion is that there should be peacekeepers on the ground buffering between Israel and the...Observation Force) was further deployed in 1974. The war restored Egypt’s confidence, which permitted Sadat to go to Jerusalem , which then led to the...a Warsaw Pact attack on the west, NATO did not insist upon the turnover of fugitive Adolf Eichmann as a pre-condition for joining (note the contrast

  14. Working Towards Führer: A Chaotic View

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cakar, Ulas

    Leadership is a concept that has been discussed since the beginning of history. Even though there have been many theories in the field accepting leadership's role in bringing order, chaotic aspects of leadership are generally neglected. This chapter aims to examine the leadership beyond an orderly interpretation of universe. For this purpose, Third Reich period and leadership during this period will be examined. Ian Kershaw's "Working Towards Führer" concept provides a unique understanding of leadership concept. It goes beyond the dualist depiction of Third Reich, it does not state Adolf Hitler as an all powerful dictator, or a weak one. Rather, he expresses that due to the conditions in the Third Reich, Adolf Hitler was both of this. This complex situation can be understood deeper when it is examined through the lens of chaos theory. This study contributes to the field by being the first in using chaos theory for examining "Working Towards Führer" concept and its development. Seemingly orderly nature of synchronization process and its vortex will be shown. Adolf Hitler's storm spot position in the chaotic system and its dynamics are explained. War's entropic power and its effect on the downfall of the system is crucial in understanding this unique chaotic system. The chaotic pattern of "Working Towards Führer" offers an opportunity to analyze the complexities of the leadership concept.

  15. Arvustused / Priit Kenkmann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kenkmann, Priit

    2007-01-01

    Heliplaatidest: Mayhem "Ordo Ad Chao", Minotauri "II", Loits "Must album", Mithras "Behind The Shadows Lie Madness", Poison The Well "Versions", Conspiracy "Reincarnated", April "Tidelines", Devin Townsend "Ziltoid The Omniscient", Beggars Ball "Fight This Town", Breed "Breed", Black Witchery "Desecration of the Holy Kingdom", Blood Tsunami "Trash Metal", Vintersorg "Solens Rötter", HND "PatuRaamaT", W.A.S.P. "Dominator", Megadeth "United Abominations", Manowar "Gods of War", Dimmu Borgir "In Sorte Diaboli", Despised Icon "The Ills of Modern Man", Trouble "Simple Mind Condition", The Esoteric "Subverter", Orange Goblin "Healing Through Fire", Marduk "Rom 5:12", Nicole "Sivu syyttömistä", Korpiklaani "Tervaskanto", Gaia Epicus "Victory", Lumsk "Det Vilde Kor"

  16. A Protein Preload Enhances the Glucose-Lowering Efficacy of Vildagliptin in Type 2 Diabetes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wu, T; Little, TL; Bound, MJ

    2016-01-01

    to evaluate whether a proteinpreload could improve the efficacy of the dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4)inhibitor vildagliptin to increase incretin concentrations, slow gastric emptying,and lower postprandial glycemia in type 2 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODSTwenty-two patients with type 2 diabetes treated...... with metformin were studiedon four occasions, receiving either 50 mg vildagliptin (VILD) or placebo (PLBO) onboth the evening before and the morning of each study day. The latter dose wasfollowed after 60 min by a preload drink containing either 25 gwhey protein (WHEY)or control flavoring (CTRL), and after...... intact GLP-1 and GIP, slower gastric emptying, and lowerpostprandial glycemia (P vildagliptin to slow gastric emptying, increase plasma intactincretins, and reduce postprandial...

  17. Darwinkalenderen 2009

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjærgaard, Peter C.; Bek-Thomsen, Jakob; Grumsen, Stine

    Glæd din bionørdede kæreste (der ikke kan få nok af Darwin), din mor (der altid har været lidt vild med ham), din far (der elsker biller), dine søskende (som du endelig kan give en gave, du gerne selv ville have), dine børn (der trænger til lidt dannelse), din bedstefar (der ligner Darwin), din...... med sjove, spændende, oplysende, rystende og rørende citater af Darwin selv, hans familie, venner og fjender. Hver eneste dag byder på et nyt citat og en passende illustration....

  18. "Vi har ikke noget at sige, men vi gør det så koncentreret som muligt"

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Kamma Overgaard

    mellemposition mellem på den ene side Arthur C. Dantos udråbelse af postmodernismen som The End of Art og Fredric Jamesons kritiske udlægning af den postmoderne kunst som simulerende og hans begrædelse af en tabt autenticitet - og på den anden side Linda Hutcheons langt mere positive definering af det...... postmoderne som ironisk og parodisk og dermed nytænkende og metareflekterende. Herudfra karakteriserer jeg De Unge Vilde som ironikere ud fra Søren Kierkegaards karakteristisk af ironikeren som en mellemfase mellem det æstetiske og det etiske livsstadie. Videre argumenterer jeg for, at Dantos ’end of art...

  19. Mink kan også have influenza

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hjulsager, Charlotte Kristiane; Krog, Jesper Schak; Larsen, Gitte

    2017-01-01

    , hvis der opstår mistanke om influenza ved obduktionen, eller hvis der er alvorlige langvarige udbrud. For at kunne iværksætte foranstaltninger, der begrænser forekomsten af influenza hos mink, er det nødvendigt at kende udbredelsen af influenzavirus blandt farmede mink i Danmark. Formålet med denne...... minkobduktionskursus, samt vilde mink. Der blev påvist influenza A virus i mink fra otte farme. Genetiske analyser indikerede, at disse virus stammede fra både danske svin og mennesker. For at forebygge udbrud af influenza i farmede mink anbefales det, at undgå kontakt mellem mink og influenzasyge personer, samt sikre...

  20. My Struggle in Brazil: Editora Globo, 1934-1942

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eliane Hatherly Paz

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo é um recorte da minha pesquisa sobre a história editorial do livro Mein Kampf, de Adolf Hitler, no Brasil. Neste trabalho, investigo a produção, a circulação e a recepção do lançamento de Minha Luta – como seu título foi traduzido para o português – no país, em setembro de 1934, pela Editora Globo de Porto Alegre. Até agosto de 1942, quando a obra foi proibida pelo presidente Getúlio Vargas, foram impressas sete edições. Muito do pouco que se sabe sobre o lançamento nacional de Minha Luta encontra-se registrado em notícias esparsas e, muitas vezes, discordantes, nos periódicos da época e em obras de referência. Trazer à luz os detalhes dessa história preencherá uma lacuna nos estudos do livro.   PALAVRAS-CHAVE: Minha Luta; Adolf Hitler; Editora Globo; história editorial brasileira.     ABSTRACT This article is an excerpt from my research on the publishing history of Mein Kampf, by Adolf Hitler, in Brazil. In this paper, we investigate its production, circulation and reception in the country in September 1934, by Editora Globo, in Porto Alegre/RS. Until August 1942, when the work was banned by President Getulio Vargas, seven editions were printed. Much of the little that is known about the national launch of Mein Kampf is recorded in sparse and often discordant news in periodicals of the time and reference works. Bring to light the details of this story will fill a gap in the book studies.   KEYWORDS: Mein Kampf; Adolf Hitler; Editora Globo; Brazilian publishing history.     RESUMEN Este artículo es un extracto de mi investigación sobre la historia de la publicación del libro Mein Kampf, de Adolf Hitler, en Brasil. En este trabajo, investigamos la sua producción, circulación y recepción en el país en septiembre de 1934, por la Editora Globo, en Porto Alegre/RS. Hasta agosto de 1942, cuando la obra fue prohibida por el presidente Getúlio Vargas, se imprimieron siete ediciones. Gran parte de lo

  1. Why and How to Read Marx’s “Capital”? Reflections on Johan Fornäs’ Book “Capitalism. A Companion to Marx’s Economy Critique”.

    OpenAIRE

    Christian Fuchs

    2013-01-01

    This paper is a reflection on Johan Fornäs' book “Capitalism. A Companion to Marx’s Economy Critique” - a new introduction to all three volumes of Karl Marx's "Capital". It contextualizes the book with the help a comparison to other contemporary introductions to Marx's "Capital". The reflection is organized in the form of 7 sections: 1) Context 2) Method and Logic of Presentation 3) The Logical and the Historical in Marx’s Works 4) From Karl to Adolf Marx in German Marxist The...

  2. När autenticiteten utmanas : En föremålsundersökning och dess tänkbara konsekvenser för museiobjektet

    OpenAIRE

    Backman, Anna

    2010-01-01

    This paper deals with an object donated by a group of members of the public to the Royal Armoury in Stockholm, Sweden. The donators claimed to own a horse bit that had been used by King Gustav II Adolf's mount in the battle of Lützen, where the King was killed. The bit was a gift to the donators' ancestor, the farmer and politician Petter Jönsson, from the King of Sweden, Oscar I, in the 1850's. In this paper, the donated bit is examined and found unlikely to be the bit used at Lützen. The ex...

  3. Mrs Hitler and her doctor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Macleod, Sandy

    2005-12-01

    The doctor who attended the mother of Adolf Hitler in her terminal illness has been blamed as a cause of the Holocaust. The medical details recorded of this professional relationship are presented and discussed. Dr Bloch's medical care of Mrs Hitler was consistent with the prevailing medical practice of the management of fungating breast carcinoma. Indeed, the general practitioner's care and attention of the family appear to have been astute and supportive. There is nothing to suggest that Dr Bloch's medical care was other than competent. Doctors who have the (mis)fortune to professionally attend major figures of history may be unfairly viewed, despite their appropriate and adequate care.

  4. Hitler: a neurohistorical formulation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martindale, C; Hasenfus, N; Hines, D

    1976-01-01

    It is hypothesized that Adolf Hitler suffered from a constitutional left-side weakness that allowed his cerebral hemisphere to exert a strong influence on his thought and behavior. Physical characteristics such as trembling of the left extremities, lack of a left testicle, and tendency to exhibit leftward eye movements are interpreted as supportive of the hypothesis. Right hemisphere dominance is consistent with a number of Hitler's personal traits such as praise of the irrational, automatic speech, auditory hallucinations, hypochondriasis, uncontrolled rages, and spatial and musical interests. Right hemisphere dominated thought may also have formed a basis for his two basic political policies: Lebensraum and anti-Semitism.

  5. Deportace do Niska nad Sanem a jejich místo v historii holocaustu

    OpenAIRE

    Borák, Mečislav

    2010-01-01

    The first mass transports of Jews in Nazi–occupied Europe pulled out from Moravská Ostrava, Vienna and Katowice. They headed for Nisko nad Sanem in the eastern part of occupied Poland where the Jews, under the supervision of the SS guards, were supposed to build a concentration camp. This enterprise was administered by Adolf Eichmann and it affected about five thousand Jews from Bohemia, Poland and Austria. The SS guards drove the majority of prisoners to the Soviet Union where they were impr...

  6. Twenty-five years of simulator training

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    2002-01-01

    The first training simulator for nuclear power plant personnel in Germany was commissioned twenty-five years ago. The strategy of training by simulators was developed and pursued consistently and continuously in order to ensure sound training of nuclear power plant personnel. The present thirteen simulators cover a broad range of plants. A systematic training concept also helps to ensure a high level of competence and permanent qualification of plant personnel. The anniversary was marked by a festive event at which Erich K. Steiner read a paper on 'The Importance of Simulator Training', and Professor Dr. Adolf Birkhofer spoke about 'Nuclear Technology Education and Training'. (orig.)

  7. Towards a conceptual history of canonization in totalitarian societies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Postoutenko, Kirill

    2016-01-01

    a reference to his slogans and speeches. The article compares such a canonization in Soviet Union with parallel processes in Nazi Germany (where Adolf Hitler and his texts are revered to a much lesser degree) and United States of America (where this development is missing altogether despite Franklin D....... Roosevelt unprecedented media exposure). It turns out that Stalin’s discursive canonization has multiple reasons including his reliance on rigid radial networks of power and communication (as opposed to rotation of political and social roles in democracies), his interactional detachment from listeners and...

  8. Why and How to Read Marx’s “Capital”? Reflections on Johan Fornäs’ Book “Capitalism. A Companion to Marx’s Economy Critique”.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christian Fuchs

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper is a reflection on Johan Fornäs' book “Capitalism. A Companion to Marx’s Economy Critique” - a new introduction to all three volumes of Karl Marx's "Capital". It contextualizes the book with the help a comparison to other contemporary introductions to Marx's "Capital". The reflection is organized in the form of 7 sections: 1 Context 2 Method and Logic of Presentation 3 The Logical and the Historical in Marx’s Works 4 From Karl to Adolf Marx in German Marxist Theory? 5 Visualization 6 Crises 7 Read this Book!

  9. Igrzyska olimpijskie w Berlinie w roku 1936 w oczach przebywających w Niemczech Amerykanów

    OpenAIRE

    Sołuba, Paulina

    2014-01-01

    On 13th May 1931 the Weimar Republic was appointed by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) to host the Olympic Games 1936. Adolf Hitler, who was elected Chancellor of Germany January 30, 1933 finally responded positively to the idea of the Olympics. Due to the anti-Jewish policies of Berlin in Semitic environments appeared, especially in the U.S., the idea of a boycott of the Olympics in 1936 or move the event to another state. Do not, however, decided to take this step. The Olympic Game...

  10. Evelin Ilves esineb Moskvas konverentsil / Jaanus Piirsalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Piirsalu, Jaanus, 1973-

    2008-01-01

    Proua Evelin Ilves esineb Moskvas ülevenemaalises väliskirjanduse raamatukogus toimuval rahvusvahelisel konverentsil "Naised muutuvas maailmas" ettekandega "Kas meeste tervis on naiste probleem?" Proua E. Ilvese esinemise initsiaator on Moskva rahvusvahelisse naisteklubisse kuuluv Eesti suursaadik Marina Kaljurand. Proua E. Ilves külastab ka Teemandifondi Kremlis ja vaatab Et Cetera teatris Adolf Šapiro lavastatud "451 kraadi Fahrenheiti", kus peaosa mängib Elmo Nüganen. Vt. samas: Esimene esimene leedi Moskvas. Teadaolevalt on proua E. Ilves esimene Eesti riigipea abikaasa, kes ametlikult külastab oma abikaasa ametiaja jooksul Venemaa pealinna

  11. Řešení nezaměstnanosti v Německu ve třicátých letech 20. století

    OpenAIRE

    Liptáková, Alexandra

    2010-01-01

    This paper mediates a view on economic policies of avoiding mass unemployment in Germany in the 1930s. It is concerned with the causations and development, it introduces a number of programs for dealing with the unemployment, which originate in the Weimar Republic, during the cabinet of Heinrich Brüning, Franz von Papen and Kurt von Schleicher. A major arttention will be given to the national socialist economic policy of Adolf Hitler and his cabinet. In more detail it will concern the system ...

  12. Tallinna Linnateatri 5. rahvusvaheline teatrifestival "Talveöö unenägu" 28.-30. detsembril 2008 / Laur Kaunissaare

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaunissaare, Laur, 1982-

    2008-01-01

    Festivalilavastustest - Fjodor Dostojevski "Vendade Karamazovite" järgi "Suurinkvisiitor" (Théatre des Bouffes du Nord, lavastaja Peter Brook), Tom Peuckerti "Artaud meenutab Adolf Hitlerit ja Romanische Café'd" (Berliner Ensemble, lavastaja Paul Plamper), Tatjana Tolstaja "Sonja" (Riia Uus Teater, lavastaja Alvis Hermanis), Lot Vekemansi "Tema õde" (NT Gent, lavastaja Allan Zipson), Jan Jönsoni "Tõelushetked" (autor, lavastaja ja esitaja ühes isikus) ja festivalil esinevatest erakordsetest näitlejatest Peter Wuttkest, Bruce Myersist, Elsie de Brauwist, Jan Jönsonist

  13. The national socialism of the group valhalla 88: construction of a nazi movement in Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guilherme Ignácio Franco de Andrade

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available In this article, the racial issues present in the national-socialist ideology professed by the group Valhalla 88 are investigated. The primary element of Nazi ideology is Aryanism (eugenics, i.e., “race purification,” because the “chosen people” have the “right” to rule the world due to their “racial superiority” as understood by Adolf Hitler. The group Valhalla 88 seeks to spread national-socialist ideology, and the group’s interpretation of this ideology seeks to manipulate and adapt these ideas to provide a political alternative.

  14. Genocide in Volhynia and Eastern Galicia 1943–1944

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paweł Naleźniak

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Ukrainian nationalists tried to de-polonize the South-Eastern Borderlands by means of mass genocide and they achieved this goal to a great extent. That, however, puts them on a par with the criminal regimes of Joseph Stalin and Adolf Hitler. The author of this article describes the genocide of Polish inhabitants in Volhynia and Eastern Galicia committed by the Organisation of Ukrainian Nationalists (Orhanizatsiya Ukrayins’kykh Natsionalistiv, OUN and the Ukrainian Insurgent Army (Ukrainska Povstanska Armiya, UPA between 1943 and 1944. These events in European history are not well-known.

  15. NAZI REGIME IN THE PERIODICAL A NOTÍ­CIA.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bruna Luíza Barcellos

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available The periodical A Notícia, of Joinville, city colonized for Germans, supported the nazi regime since the ascension of Adolf Hitler to the power. Between 1932 and 1944, some editions had printed the figure of Hitler and the nazi symbol, beyond dither messages to that regime. Based in the Análise de conteúdo (BARDIN, 1977, this article searchs to understand the representation made for the periodical A Notícia on this historical landmark, in other words, bring to the light the consequences of a part of occured world-wide history in catarinense territory.

  16. El lugar de la persuasión en sociedades degradadas: sobre Albert Speer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ángela Uribe

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available In this paper I try to contrast the sense of the term "persuasion", as defined by Aristotle in his Rhetoric, with the sense of the term "fascination", proposed by Hannah Arendt in her Origins of Totalitarianism. I illustrate such contrast through references to the relationship between Albert Speer and Adolf Hitler. By considering the use of the two terms and the references, I reach a conclusion that shows why, in what I call "degraded social orders", there is no place for rhetoric.

  17. Agendid, nuhid, pealekaebajad / Tiit Noormets

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Noormets, Tiit, 1959-

    2012-01-01

    Siiani ei ole peaaegu üldse avaldatud Nõukogude julgeoleku tööriistade - agentide töö peamist "nähtavat" jälge - nende ettekandeid. Agent "Välk" ehk kodanikunimega Adolf Lõhmus oli üks tippagente, tänu kellele lõpuks langes vendade Saalistete metsavennasalk. Lisaks agentidele sai julgeolek andmeid omaalgatuslikelt pealekaebajatelt. Võrumaa komsomolitegelase Hans Valli töö näitab sihikindlat ja põhjalikku tööd inimeste järele nuhkimises. Lisatud agendi "Välk" ja Hans Valli töö näited

  18. Orígenes histórico-conceptuales de la teoría de la propaganda nazi

    OpenAIRE

    Pineda, Antonio

    2007-01-01

    Este artículo trata sobre algunos factores que influyeron en la concepción nazi de la propaganda, básicamente formulada por Adolf Hitler. Tales factores son teóricos e históricos. Entre los factores teóricos o conceptuales podemos citar la psicología de las masas y la teoría clásica de la comunicación de masas. Los factores históricos son relativos a la práctica de la propaganda, ejercida por los aliados en la Primera Guerra Mundial, el movimiento socialista, el fascismo italiano y otras fuen...

  19. OPERATION ODESSA: THE FLIGHT OF NAZI WAR CRIMINALS TO LATIN AMERICA AFTER WORLD WAR II AND THE NAZI HUNTERS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcos Eduardo Meinerz

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to analyze why Latin America, especially Argentina, was the region of the world that harbored the most Nazi war criminals—for example, Josef Mengele, Adolf Eichmann and Klaus Barbie—after World War II. It also aims to analyze how this fact has set the tone for the appearance of literary works about the fantastic adventures of “Nazi hunters” seeking the whereabouts of those individuals. For this purpose, in the first part of the article we will address Nazis’ escape to Latin America. Next, we analyze some literary works by authors who called themselves Nazi hunters.

  20. Nuclear Weapons Materials Gone Missing: What Does History Teach?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-11-01

    the team that captured Adolf Eichmann in Argentina in 1960. In later years, Eitan became an adviser to Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin and, in...He was a long-time Shabak agent and served as Eitan’s right-hand man in Eich- mann’s capture, in charge of logistics, that is, getting Eichmann ...for example, reports of visits to the NUMEC plant by the likes of the top Mossad agent who had managed the kidnapping of Eichmann in Ar- gentina, now

  1. Perpetrators

    OpenAIRE

    Mesnard, Philippe

    2015-01-01

    Courtroom of the Eichmann trial. Where the trial of Adolf Eichmann took place in 1961. Originally, it was Jerusalem’s Beit Ha’am (People’s House) theatre. © All rights reserved. Could it be that victims are overly exposed in our society? That they are too present? Endorsing their struggle for recognition, their demands and their hopes, should we be wary of the danger of saturating our collective memory? Of submerging or tainting it? Perhaps victims in general occupy a prominent position – an...

  2. Eichmann a Gerusalemme. Il processo, le polemiche, il perpetratore, la banalità del male:

    OpenAIRE

    Bethania Assy

    2011-01-01

    Eichmann in Jerusalem: The Trial, the Controversy, the Perpetrator, the Banality of Evil - The book Eichmann in Jerusalem - a Report on the Banality of Evil was the result of Hannah Arendt's coverage of the trial of Otto Adolf Eichmann in Jerusalem for the The New Yorker. Arendt identified three motives that led her to concern herself with the Eichmann trial: she wanted to know who Eichmann really was “in the flesh”; she wanted to assess the possibility of a new kind of crime and criminal in ...

  3. アイヒマンの悪における「陳腐さ」について

    OpenAIRE

    香月, 恵里

    2016-01-01

    Adolf Eichmann, einer der bekanntesten Täter des Holocaust, der seit 1950 in Argentinien untertaucht war, wurde im Mai 1960 vom israelischen Geheimdienst entführt und saß im folgenden Jahr vor dem Jerusalemer Gericht. Die Philosophin Hannah Arendt hat als Reporterin Eichmann hinter dem Panzerglas im Gericht beobachtet und die Reportage „Eichmann in Jerusalem“ geschrieben. Doch der Untertitel ihres Berichtes, die „Banalität des Bösen“ hat eine wilde Kontroverse ausgelöst. Man hat ihre These al...

  4. Vysídlení německého obyvatelstva na Chebsku 1945 - 1948

    OpenAIRE

    RAMBOUSKOVÁ, Ivana

    2011-01-01

    The handed bachelor?s work concerns with Czech-German relationship after Second World War particularly between years 1945-1948. It is focused on the sad sequel of Second World War when occurred the biggest transport of people in the Czech state history- displacement of Sudeten Germans. In the first part of my work is sketched the characteristic of the period which preceded turn of events. These events resulted with the start of Adolf Hitler?s power and with Second World War. Then I described ...

  5. The Cut of the Scythe

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-06-03

    Adolf Hitler, the German dictator, however, had different ideas. His Wehrmecht Adjutant, Colonel Rudolf Schmudt 2 , discussed the Fuehrer’s desire...fl A,- 1.. 4Wr uCCe a A ft nha Zf iao zar *s*wft 194I (Wiesbaden: Franz Steiner Yerleg GMBh, 1957), p. 9. 2Rudolf Schmunt vas born on Auguot 13, 1896...of Chief, Army Personnel Office. General of the Infantry, Rudolf Schmundt died from his wounds on October 10, 1944, In a field hospital at Ratzeburg

  6. Biblioteca y residencia para estudiantes - Viena (Austria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lippert, G.

    1972-02-01

    Full Text Available The recently completed Municipal Library of Vienna, includes the lending of books, reading rooms, information services, children's library, municipal library and lecture rooms. The hostel Adolf Schärf «Vindobona» is a tall building, of 33 m height, which in addition to many rooms for the communal life of students, has 54 double bedrooms, and 147 single rooms, equipped with standards of comfort comparable to those of an hotel, since the hostel is used by students in winter, and as an hotel in the summer.El conjunto terminado Casa del Libro-Biblioteca Municipal de Viena alberga los servicios de autoalquiler, salas de lectura, información, biblioteca infantil, biblioteca municipal, salas de conferencias, etc. La Residencia Hogar Adolf Schärf «Vindobona» es una torre de 33 m de altura que, además de los numerosos locales para el desarrollo de la vida en común de los estudiantes, alberga 54 habitaciones con dos camas, y 147 sencillas, equipadas todas ellas a escala hotelera, dado que el hogar es explotado por los mismos estudiantes como tal hotel durante las vacaciones.

  7. SNS ønsker kommentarer til ansøgningen og en faglig vurdering. Beta vulgaris (A5/15). Vurdering af ansøgning om forsøgsudsætning. Modtaget 24-02-2005, deadline 30-03-2005, svar 23-03-2005

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjellsson, Gøsta; Strandberg, Morten Tune; Damgaard, Christian

    2005-01-01

    beskrives nærmere i ansøgningen hvad dette er og hvilket formål det har, f.eks. at reducere pollenspredning fra marken eller krydsbestøvning ind i marken. Da pollenet er overvejende vindspredt desuden om det involverer fysisk isolation (barrier crops) eller biologisk udelukkelse (pollen dilution, evt. male...... sterility) samt bredden af bæltet. Det bør ligeledes beskrives hvordan det kontrolleres at der ikke er vildroer inden for en km's afstand. Endelig bør det beskrives hvor mange gange i dyrkningssæsonen (f.eks. 3) der moniteres for stokløbere og ukrudtsroer i forsøgsmarken og omgivelserne. Anbefaling. I og...... områder hvor der er frøproduktion og vilde roer i nærheden Ubetydelig risiko Ved en eventuel markedsføring foreslås: Undersøgelser af genets forekomst i udvalgte bestande af strandbeden Planten eller hybrider udvikler sig til at blive et ukrudtsproblem Problemet er overvejende landbrugsmæssigt, men...

  8. Viruses in wild European fishes and their significance for aquaculture, with special emphasis on viral haemorrhagic septicamia virus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skall, Helle Frank

    2004-01-01

    Viral hæmorrhagisk septikæmi virus (VHSV) er en af de vigtigste virale patogener i opdrættet regnbueørred (Oncorhynchus mykiss) i Europa. Det Europæiske Fællesskabs (EU's) fiskehelse lovgivning (Direktiv 91/67/EEC) opregner VHS som en kategori 2 sygdom, hvilket er defineret som en sygdom med stor...... økonomisk betydning for Fællesskabet. VHSV er i det sidste 1½ årti blevet isoleret fra et stadig stigende antal fritlevende marine fiskearter. Indtil nu er VHSV blevet isoleret fra 46 forskellige fiskearter på den nordlige halvkugle (USA, Canada, Japan og Europa), heraf 15 forskellige fritlevende marine...... opdrættet pighvar var patogene for pighvar. Helt (Coregonus lavaretus) er blevet mistænkt for at overføre VHSV til opdrættede fisk. For at undersøge dette blev 148 vilde helt fanget i Skjern Å i december, når helten svømmer opstrøms fra Ringkøbing Fjord for at gyde. Der blev ikke isoleret virus fra helt...

  9. Kan nye VHS udbrud i regnbueørred forebygges ved vaccination eller avl?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lorenzen, Niels

    laboratoriet ved forskellige temperaturer med godt resultat. En mindre afprøvning under dambrugsforhold har også givet gode resultater. Før det kan komme på tale bruge vaccinen ude, skal den dog godkendes af sundhedsmyndighederne. Egtvedsyge findes i flere lande i Europa og er kendt som en meget tabsvoldende......Tørlægning og desinfektion har traditionelt været brugt til at bekæmpe virussygdommen Egtvedsyge (VHS) i danske ørred-dambrug og lige nu regnes VHS for udryddet. Det har dog vist sig, at der hos vilde fiskebestande i havet findes VHS virus, som under visse omstændigheder må forventes at kunne...... koder for virusets overfladeprotein. Når plasmidet sprøjtes ind i en fisks rygmuskel, vil det blive optaget af en del af muskelcellerne på injektionsstedet, dog uden at plasmidets gener kommer ind i cellernes egne kromosomer. Fidusen er, at disse muskelceller herefter kan lave virusproteinet på samme...

  10. Literary awards 2002 / Piret Viires

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Viires, Piret, 1963-

    2003-01-01

    Riigi kultuuripreemia - Hando Runnel (elutööpreemia) ; Balti Assamblee kirjandusauhind - Jaan Tätte ("Sild" ja "Palju õnne argipäevaks") ; A. H. Tammsaare nim. romaaniauhind - Andrus Kivirähk ("Rehepapp") ; Eesti Kultuurkapitali aastapreemia - Aleksander Suuman ("Tondihobu tõugud vetikatega") ; Kultuurkapitali kirjanduse aastapreemiad: proosa - Jüri Ehlvest ("Hobune eikusagilt"), luule - Karl Martin Sinijärv ("Artutart & 39"), esseistika - Peeter Mudist ("Ratsukäik"), näitekirjandus - Vaino Vahing ("Mängud ja kõnelused"), lastekirjandus - Heino Kiik ("Kuresaapad"), tõlge eesti keelde - Mati Sirkel (Franz Kafka "Hiina müüri ehitamisel" tõlge), tõlge eesti keelest - Antoine Chalvin (Jaan Kaplinski "Le désir de la pousicre" tõlge), artiklipreemia - Tõnu Õnnepalu ("Kui... Küpsemine. Aleksander Suumani kaks luuletust ja üks raamat ("Meil siin Hüperboreas")", ilmus Loomingus, nr. 5-6), venekeelsete autorite kirjandusauhind - Mihhail Veller (viimase 10 aasta proosaloomingu eest) ; B. Alveri kirjandusauhind - Leo Kunnas ("Sõdurjumala teener") ja Ülar Ploom ("Üks ja kogu"); 2002. a. romaanivõistluse võitja - Nikolai Baturin ("Kentaur") ; A. H. Tammsaare nim. kirjanduspreemia - Elem Treier ("Tammsaare elu härra Hansenina") ; E. Vilde nim. kirjandusauhind - Doris Kareva ("Mandragora") ; F. Tuglase novelliauhind - Jüri Ehlvest ("Hobune eikusagilt", Looming, 2002, nr. 1) ja Jaan Undusk ("Armastus raamatu vastu", ilmus kogumikus "Puudutus"); Juhan Liivi luuleauhind - Andres Ehin (luuletus "sügaval maa all elavad...", Looming, 2002, nr. 4)

  11. The detail is dead - long live the detail!

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Steen Nepper; Dalgaard, Kim; Kerstens, Vencent

    2018-01-01

    architecture when we look into architectural history. Too classic examples are; Adolf Loos who provoked already in 1908 with his statement; "Ornament and Crime", which contested the unconscious decorations of contemporary architects. Similarly, referring to the little need for superfluous detailing; "Less...... not change the fact that it is more important than ever to bring this 'small' architectural world to attention. Today, the construction industry is dictated by an economic management that does not leave much room for thorough studies of architectural details or visionary experiments. Today's more efficient......_Delft about the Symposium; "The Detail is Dead - Long Live the Detail". For this occasion a number of leading Danish and Northern European architects, researchers and companies were invited to discuss and suggest their 'architectural detail' and the challenges they face in today's construction. This book...

  12. One Hundred Years of Psychiatry at Johns Hopkins: A Story of Meyer to McHugh.

    Science.gov (United States)

    DePaulo, J Raymond

    2017-04-01

    This article describes a history of clinical methods and constructs that guide Psychiatry at Johns Hopkins Phipps Clinic today. The contributions of Adolf Meyer and Paul McHugh are central and closely connected. Both emphasize the clinical examination as the central practice of psychiatry as a specialty within medicine. Meyer's comprehensive examination of the patient became the centerpiece of his approach and was the standard for psychiatrists in the English-speaking world. McHugh, with Phillip Slavney, developed a pluralistic and practical framework for interpreting that history and examination. Both argued against the uncritical use of the modern disease construct. McHugh argues that the disease construct, although fundamental, is but one of four useful "perspectives of psychiatry" and is, thus, an insufficient basis for psychiatric practice. The perspectives could be used as an organizing framework by all physicians who seek a practical and truly personalized approach to the care of patients.

  13. [Paths taken by Dr. Jorge Clarke Bleyer in the fields of tropical medicine and Brazilian prehistory].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bleyer Martins Costa, Terezinha de Jesus Thibes

    2003-01-01

    This research note presents a preliminary evaluation of the life history of Georg Carl Adolf Bleyer, physician, hygienist and naturalist who played a crucial role in the institution of public health in Santa Catarina and was a pioneer in tropical medicine, anthropology and archeology of Brazil. Adolpho Lutz was one of the main partners in Brazil of this equally multifacted physician who published important articles in German journals. His most thorough study was important to the history of the disciplines which which he worked; it provides the basis for understanding the conditions of medical and scientific practice in places far from the urban centers of southeastern Brazil that dominate the historiography of medicine and science.

  14. Personality and culture, the Social Science Research Council, and liberal social engineering: the Advisory Committee on Personality and Culture, 1930-1934.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bryson, Dennis

    2009-01-01

    The field of personality and culture was given a significant impetus during the 1930s with the establishment of the Advisory Committee on Personality and Culture (1930-1934) by the Social Science Research Council. This committee provided an early formulation of personality and culture that emphasized the interdisciplinary focus on the processes of personality formation within small-scale social settings. The committee's formulation also coupled personality and culture with a liberal social engineering approach geared toward cultural reconstruction. Major social scientists and clinicians were involved in the activities of the committee, including Edward Sapir, W. I. Thomas, E. W. Burgess, E. A. Bott, Robert S. Woodworth, Harry Stack Sullivan, C. M. Hincks, and Adolf Meyer.

  15. [The history of the Kaiser Wilhelm Society during the Third Reich. Interim reports of the president's commission of the Max Planck Society].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weber, M M

    2002-11-01

    In 1997 the Max Planck Society set up a presidential commission to do research on the historical development of its precursor organization, the Kaiser Wilhelm Society (KWG), during the Third Reich. This paper presents some of the important results given in the interim reports of this commission that are relevant to psychiatry. It focuses on brain research, anthropology, psychiatric genetics, and the role of the well-known biochemist Adolf Butenandt. In general, the interim reports reflect the numerous links between the biomedical research of the KWG and the institutions of the National Socialist (Nazi) state. However, they do not yet allow a final historical assessment as to the complex situation of this field of research during National Socialism.

  16. The Battle of Moscow - Turning Point of World War II

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V M Falin

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The article is dedicated to the Battle of Moscow in October- December, 1941. Author analyzes the causes of the failure of German army, who tries to encircle and capture Moscow, the events taking place on the outskirts of Moscow, German troops attempts to encircle Moscow. The author presents data on the speech by Adolf Hitler in Berlin on October 5, 1941, in which he acknowledged the failure of the Blitzkrieg and the Battle for Moscow and its suburbs. The researcher uses the documents of the Wehrmacht High Command, which stated that after the Battle of Moscow, German troops could not on any further stage of the war to restore the quality and morale of the armed forces, with whom Reich rushed to a campaign for world domination. The author, a prominent public and political figure of the USSR, also relies on personal recollections, interviews with prominent generals of World War II, including I. Konev.

  17. O crepúsculo de um tirano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Henrique Rattner

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available O título leva a uma associação com uma ópera de Richard Wagner, (“O crepúsculo dos Deuses” particularmente apreciada por outro ditador sanguinário, Adolf Hitler, que preferiu assistir à destruição total da Alemanha para não render-se às tropas aliadas que avançaram sobre Berlim do ocidente e do oriente. Como Hitler, também Qadaffi apresenta traços de personalidade paranóica e de extrema crueldade para com seus adversários, reais ou imaginados.

  18. Hitler and Humor: Coming to Terms with the Past Through Parody

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giuliana Sorce

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Recent developments in German television programming represent Adolf Hitler and his Nazi regime through comedic entertainment. While these programs do not poke fun at the Holocaust itself, they are utilizing the image of Hitler for parodistic purposes. Similar to existing foreign media depicting Hitler as a foolish ruler with farcical mannerisms, newer programs such as the comedy show Switch Reloaded and the movie Hotel Lux show a clumsy and gullible Hitler. This essay argues that these recent representations of Hitler are contributing to the ongoing cultural conversation of the Holocaust, while also encouraging new ways in how Germans can culturally cope with their recent past. Drawing on parody and cultural trauma research, this essay offers evidence from German national media reviews and newspaper articles.

  19. Spellbinding and crooning: sound amplification, radio, and political rhetoric in international comparative perspective, 1900-1945.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wijfjes, Huub

    2014-01-01

    This article researches in an interdisciplinary way the relationship of sound technology and political culture at the beginning of the twentieth century. It sketches the different strategies that politicians--Franklin D. Roosevelt, Adolf Hitler, Winston Churchill, and Dutch prime minister Hendrikus Colijn--found for the challenges that sound amplification and radio created for their rhetoric and presentation. Taking their different political styles into account, the article demonstrates that the interconnected technologies of sound amplification and radio forced a transition from a spellbinding style based on atmosphere and pathos in a virtual environment to "political crooning" that created artificial intimacy in despatialized simultaneity. Roosevelt and Colijn created the best examples of this political crooning, while Churchill and Hitler encountered problems in this respect. Churchill's radio successes profited from the special circumstances during the first period of World War II. Hitler's speeches were integrated into a radio regime trying to shape, with dictatorial powers, a national socialistic community of listeners.

  20. Eleven years that changed the face of particle physics

    CERN Multimedia

    2000-01-01

    Director General Luciano Maiani opens the proceedings at the LEP Celebration. Members of government from around the world gathered at CERN on Monday 9 October to celebrate the achievements of the Large Electron Positron collider (LEP), the Laboratory’s flagship particle accelerator. Over the eleven years of its operational lifetime, LEP has not only added greatly to mankind’s pool of knowledge about the Universe, but has also changed the way that particle physics research is done, and proved to be a valuable training ground for young professionals in many walks of life. The celebration took place in building 180 and the audience of politicians and scientists listened to speeches from:   Prof. Luciano Maiani CERN’s Director-General Prof. Martinus Veltman Nobel Prize Laureat 1999 M. Adolf Ogi President of the Swiss Confederation Switzerland M. Roger-Gérard Schwartzenberg Minister of Research  France Mme Edelgard Bulmahn Minister of Education and R...

  1. On the Aging of Objects

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Bjørn Schiermer

    2016-01-01

    The article seeks to develop a new conceptual framework suitable for analysing the ageing processes of objects in modern culture. The basic intuition is that object experience cannot be analysed separately from collective participation. The article focuses on the question of the ‘timeless’ nature...... of modernist design and seeks to understand why modernist objects age more slowly than other objects. First, inspired by the late Durkheim’s account of symbolism, I turn to the experiential effects of collective embeddedness. Second, I enter the field of architectural practices and architectural theory....... Visiting early modernist ideologue Adolf Loos, I seek to understand the modernist attitude as a direct response to experiences of the acceleration of ageing processes characteristic of modern culture. I then try to show how Loos’s explicit awareness of the collective dimension is ignored by the subsequent...

  2. Elementary Ratiocination: Anticipating Sherlock Holmes in a Slovene Setting

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michelle Gadpaille

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available The paper reevaluates an obscure, German-language crime novel from the nineteenth century and its better-known English translation: Carl Adolf Streckfuss’s Das einsame Haus: nach den Tagebüchern des Herrn Professor Döllnitz: Roman (1888, translated as The Lonely House (1907. Although written in German by an author from Berlin, the novel is set on the territory of Slovenia. The paper situates the novel geographically and historically, while considering its place in the developing genres of crime and later detective fiction. Moreover, the novel’s depiction of intraethnic tension in the Slovenian village where the crime occurs will be shown to reflect the ethnic tensions on the frontiers of Austro-Hungarian territory, and to align with later trends in English detective fiction towards the use of ethnic taxonomies in constructing and solving crime.

  3. L’estetica del camuffamento animale. Riflessioni sul mimetismo biologico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valeria Maggiore

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available This article wants to investigate the logic of mimicry and their communicative function in animal life adopting an aesthetical perspective. The relationship between appearance and not-appearance, between the act of making itself visible and the act of disguising itself, is investigated starting from the morphological thought of the Swiss biologist Adolf Portmann, in a continuous dialogue with great thinkers of past and actual time – Johann Wolfgang Goethe, Hannah Arendt and Roger Caillois – and with the artistic illustrations of the American painter Abbott Thayer, concerned with the laws of color camouflage. This productive relationship among biology, aesthetics and artistic practice allows us to show that the sphere of the skin, far from being "superficial" and meaningless, is the privileged point of view for a true semiotics of the visible.

  4. Psychoanalysis as a science: a response to the new challenges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wallerstein, R S

    1986-07-01

    Few theoretical issues in psychoanalysis have been more constantly argued than the status of our discipline as a science. For long the attack has been from the logical positivists and the extensions of their argument by Karl Popper. Over recent decades the debate about the place of our metapsychology has intensified the concerns about our scientific status. In this paper I respond briefly to the logical positivist, the Popperian, and the information-processing systems theory arguments and then develop at greater length a response to the two current, most widespread philosophy-of-science assaults upon our credibility as science, that of the hermeneuticists (Ricoeur, Habermas, Gadamer, and others), and the newest, that of the philosopher, Adolf Grünbaum.

  5. Kolmas mask : Eesti kutselise teatri sünniloo käsitlused tänapäeva lavadel / Veiko Märka

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Märka, Veiko, 1964-

    2006-01-01

    Veiko Märka, Katri Aaslav-Tepandi, Raivo Adlas, Andrus Kivirähk, Jaanus Rohumaa ja Ilmar Raag teevad kokkuvõtteid Eesti kutselise teatri sünniloo käsitlustest nii teatris kui kinos. Vaatluse all on lavastused : Ilmar Külveti "Menning" Vanemuises (1990) Raivo Adlase lavastuses, Jaanus Rohumaa/Mari Tuulingu "Ainus ja igavene elu" Tallinna Linnateatris (1996) Jaanus Rohumaa lavastuses, "Udumäe kuningas" Palamuse harrastusteatris (2003), autor ja lavastaja Raivo Adlas, Andrus Kivirähki "Adolf Rühka lühikene elu" Eesti Draamateatris (2005) Ingomar Vihmari lavastuses ja "Libahundi needus" (ETV ja Shop of Dreams, 2005), režissöör Rainer Sarnet, stsenaristid Ilmar Raag, Margus Kasterpalu, Rainer Sarnet

  6. The politics of choice: roles of the medical profession under Nazi rule.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lekisch, K; McDonald, J H

    1989-06-01

    In 1933, when Adolf Hitler took power, the German medical community was faced with intense crisis and change. Because social processes become more clearly defined in times of crisis, the days of Nazi rule offer an excellent opportunity to examine health care and moral issues. This article describes historical events that illustrate physicians' and medical students' role in the political process. In addition, we detail four types of responses made by physicians and students: flight, conformism, individual resistance, and group resistance. We conclude that if the role of physicians is to aid and protect patients against disease or experimentation on humans, then he or she must maintain heightened political awareness in order to deal with social crises before they overwhelm any response.

  7. Reporting on the Holocaust: the view from Jim Crow Alabama.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Puckett, Dan J

    2011-01-01

    The press in Alabama covered major events taking place in Germany from the rise of Adolf Hitler and the Nazis in 1933 through the Nuremberg Trials in 1946. Journalists in the state provided extensive coverage, and editors did not hesitate to opine on the persecution of the Jews in Europe. Yet, Alabama’s white-run press failed in the end to explain the events as a singularly Jewish tragedy. The state’s black-run press, for its part, used the news of the mass killings of the Jews to warn against the dangers of conceptions of racial superiority—a primary concern for black southerners living in the Jim Crow South.

  8. Hermeneutics versus science in psychoanalysis: a resolution to the controversy over the scientific status of psychoanalysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fusella, Paul

    2014-12-01

    The controversy over the scientific status of psychoanalysis is investigated and a resolution is proposed. The positions held by the hermeneuticists, conveyed through the hermeneutic interpretation of psychoanalysis put forth by Jurgen Habermas and Paul Ricoeur, are reviewed. The views of psychoanalysis as a science held by the philosopher of science Adolf Grünbaum and by American psychoanalyst Robert S. Wallerstein are also considered. Psychoanalysis remains relevant today because it has situated itself among the other disciplines as a hybrid science, not quite a pure hermeneutic on the one hand, and not quite a pure science on the other, while at the same time having proven to be both these things-and in doing so has revolutionized the way we think about human nature.

  9. Il processo Eichmann. Il ruolo del diritto nella ridefinizione della memoria e dell’identità nazionale israeliana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alberto Scigliano

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to analyze the relations between the trial of Adolf Eichmann and the Israeli national identity. It analyzes a trial which has its roots in the ius gentium and continues until the reappropriation of the memory of the Holocaust by Israel. The trial of Nazi criminal represents the moment when the Jewish state integrates his national experience to the memory of the destruction of European Jewry during the Second World War. Through the trials against Eichmann and its consequences on the Israeli public opinion, Ben Gurion strove for a nationalist rewriting of the Holocaust. The role of justice and law is central to the development of the national identity of Israel, providing a renewed civil identity that makes Israel the ‘guardian’ of memory and shifting the focus from the classic themes of Zionism.

  10. Perpetrators

    OpenAIRE

    Mesnard, Philippe

    2015-01-01

    Salle du tribunal du procès Eichmann. Où a eu lieu le procès d’Adolf Eichmann, en 1961. À l’origine, il s’agissait de la salle de spectacle du Beit Ha’am (Maison du Peuple) de Jérusalem. © DR. Les victimes seraient-elles surexposées ? Trop voyantes ? La multitude des discours qui portent leur reconnaissance, leurs revendications, leurs espoirs viendrait-elle saturer la mémoire collective ? L’encombrer ? La polluer ? Peut-être occupent-elles aujourd’hui une grande place – d’aucuns diraient tr...

  11. Spontaneous trait inference and spontaneous trait transference are both unaffected by prior evaluations of informants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zengel, Bettina; Ambler, James K; McCarthy, Randy J; Skowronski, John J

    2017-01-01

    This article reports results from a study in which participants encountered either (a) previously known informants who were positive (e.g. Abraham Lincoln), neutral (e.g., Jay Leno), or negative (e.g., Adolf Hitler), or (b) previously unknown informants. The informants ostensibly described either a trait-implicative positive behavior, a trait-implicative negative behavior, or a neutral behavior. These descriptions were framed as either the behavior of the informant or the behavior of another person. Results yielded evidence of informant-trait linkages for both self-informants and for informants who described another person. These effects were not moderated by informant type, behavior valence, or the congruency or incongruency between the prior knowledge of the informant and the behavior valence. Results are discussed in terms of theories of Spontaneous Trait Inference and Spontaneous Trait Transference.

  12. Antonin Dvorakin Mustalaislaulut, Op. 55

    OpenAIRE

    Vuorijärvi, Mari

    2012-01-01

    Opinnäytetyöni käsittelee Antonin Dvorakin säveltämiä pianosäestyksellisiä lauluja Adolf Heydukin saksankielisiin runoihin, säveltäjän elämää ja sitä kuinka ne nivoutuvat yhteen. Työ sisältää kirjallisen osuuden. Olen valinnut kyseisen aiheen siksi, koska esitin Mustalaislaulut osana solistisia erikoistumisopintoja käsittävässä A-kurssin resitaalissa. Laulut on sävelletty sopraanolle. Lauluista löytyy tulisia rytmejä ja dramaattisuutta, mutta toisaalta myös herkkyyttä ja haikeutta. Omassa...

  13. La victoria de Décimo Junio Bruto sobre los galaicos y la retirada de Emilio Lépido de Pallantia: algunas consideraciones sobre su cronología

    OpenAIRE

    San Vicente González de Aspuru, José Ignacio

    2013-01-01

    El trabajo propone una revisión cronológica de una serle de hechos relacionados con la campaña de Lépido contra Pallantia: la victoria de Décimo Bruto sobre los galaicos; el sitio de Pallantia por Lépido y Bruto; la entrega de Mancino a los numantinos y el abandono del cerco, que Adolf Schulten fechó el 1 de abril del año 136 a. C.El articulo adelanta la cronología tradicional en un año y, siguiendo la teoría de Schulten de que los pallantinos se retiraron por un eclipse lunar, plantea que el...

  14. Unterrichtsentwurf: Die Entwicklung eines nationalen Identitätsbewusstseins in den von Napoleon besetzten Ländern

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natalie Fridrich

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Nathalie Friedrichs proposes the following lesson plan for the senior classes of the German Gymnasium (grammar-school: „Die Entwicklung eines nationalen Identitätsbewusstseins in den von Napoleon besetzten Ländern“ (The Development of a National Sense of Identity in the Countries Occupied by Napeoleon.The central question, however, is whether this new German national consciousness at the dawn of the 19th century can be traced back to Napoleon’s reign in the Rhineland region or whether it emerged during the wars of liberation as a result of a firm rejection of Napoleon.The following materials will be given to the pupils beforhand: A short preparatory text with essential background information, a pithy quote , and two historical sources, namely the appeal of Ludwig Adolf Peter Graf von Sayn-Wittgenstein to support the war of liberation, and another more francophile source by the physician Adolf Kußmaul. The latter source points in the direction of a positive experience during the time of French occupation and therefore relativises the claim of a German patriotism as a direct result of the war against France. From a didactical viewpoint, the lesson aims to develop the prerequisites for a critical analysis of historical source texts and different points of view on the topic. Finally, a table listing the respective pros and cons of the Napoleonic arguments is sketched out, visualising the perspectives of the students and leading to the final discussion, which should produce answers to the questions of the role of Napoleon for the Germans.

  15. The phytotoxic effects and biodegradability of stored rapeseed oil and rapeseed oil methyl ester

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. VAUHKONEN

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available The aims of this study were to determine the phytotoxicity of stored rapeseed (Brassica rapa oil (RSO and rapeseed oil methyl ester (RME after "spill like" contamination on the growth of barley (Hordeum vulgare and the biodegradability of these substances in OECD 301F test conditions and in ground water. Rapeseed oil and rapeseed oil methyl ester were both stored for a period of time and their fuel characteristics (e.g. acid number had changed from those set by the fuel standards and are considered to have an effect on its biodegradation. The phytotoxicity was tested using two different types of barley cultivars: ‘Saana’ and ‘Vilde’. The phytotoxic effect on the barley varieties was determined, after the growth season, by measuring the total biomass growth and the mass of 1000 kernels taken from the tests plots. Also visual inspection was used to determine what the effects on the barley growth were. These measurements suggest that both RSO and RME have a negative impact on barley sprouts and therefore the total growth of the barley. RSO and RME both decreased the total amount of harvested phytomass. The weight of 1000 kernels increased with low concentrations of these contaminants and high contamination levels reduced the mass of the kernels. The results of these experiments suggest that the stored rapeseed oil and rapeseed oil methyl ester are both phytotoxic materials and therefore will cause substantial loss of vegetation in the case of a fuel spill. The RSO and RME biodegraded effectively in the measurement period of 28 days under OECD test conditions: the degree of biodegradation being over 60%. The biodegradation in the ground water was much slower: the degree of biodegradation being about 10% after 28 days.;

  16. Žanr : suvelavastus? / Jaak Allik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Allik, Jaak, 1946-

    2007-01-01

    Kahekümnest suvisest teatriõhtust: Carlo Gozzi "Ronk" Tallinna Linnateatri lavaaugus (lavastaja Elmo Nüganen), Komöödiateatri suvetuuri lavastus "Elu parim puhkus" (lavastaja Ago-Endrik Kerge), muusikal "Tutvumiskuulutus" (lavastaja Mait Malmsten), Bernard Kangermanni laulumäng "Naabri Mari" (lavastaja Margus Vaher) ja Mara Zalite "Sirelikassid" (lavastaja Peeter Tammearu) Ugalas, Paul Barzi komöödia "Võimalik kohtumine" (lavastaja Raivo Trass) Vanemuise teatri suvelavastus Muhumaal Pädaste mõisas, muusikaline estraadietendus "Tähtede sadu", Endla "Tsirkus!!!" Paikuse-Reiu vabaõhulaval (autor ja lavastaja Tiit Palu), Andrus Kivirähki näidend "Uljas Neitsi" Laulasmaa Resort' rannametsas (lavastaja Taavi Teplenkov), Marti Kivastik "Eesti asi" (lavastaja Ingomar Vihmar) MTÜ Ühendus R.A.A.A.M. Viinistu kunstimuuseumi vabaõhulaval, Emajõe Suveteatri suvelavastus "Jumalaema kiriku kellamees" Victor Hugo romaani järgi (lavastaja Andres Dvinjaninov), "Muna EÜE ehk Viimane kava" (autor Lauri Vahtre, lavastaja Andrus Vaarik) Suure Munamäe vabaõhulaval, Aino Kalda "Reigi õpetaja" Kuressaares (lavastaja ja dramatiseerija Aare Toikka), Vana Baskini Teateris Pierre Chesnot "Kes aevastas?" (lavastaja Eino Baskin), Eduard Vilde romaani "Prohvet Maltsvet" ja vene kirjaniku Viktor Pelevini romaani aineil sündinud lavastus "Proffet" Albu vallas Kukenoosi rehealuses (lavastaja Mart Koldits), Enn Vetemaa "Roosiaed" Raasiku vallas Kiviloo mõisas (lavastaja Eva Klemets), Jim Ashilevi "Portselansuits" (lavastaja Lauri Lagle) Eesti Teatriliidu saalis, Andres Keili "Rooside sõda" Leigo Järveteatris (lavastaja Tõnu Lensment), Võru Teatriateljee suvelavastus Madis Kõivu "Castrozza ehk illusionist" (lavastaja Taago Tubin), Villu Tamme "Haned võlgu" (lavastaja ja kunstnik Jaanika Juhanson) Teatrilabor Von Krahli teatris

  17. The medical treatment of Parkinson disease from James Parkinson to George Cotzias.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fahn, Stanley

    2015-01-01

    It took exactly 150 years since James Parkinson's description in 1817 of the illness bearing his name until the development of effective therapy for this disorder, namely, the introduction of high-dosage levodopa by George Cotzias in 1967. During the first 50 years, no effective therapy was available, but neurologists reported using different agents, including metals. Then, around 1867, Charcot found solanaceous alkaloids to be somewhat helpful, and these became the accepted and popular therapy for the next 75 years. When basic scientists discovered that these alkaloids had central antimuscarinic activity, pharmaceutical chemists developed synthetic chemical agents that were equally effective, with possibly less adverse effects, and around 1950 these synthetic drugs became the standard medical therapy for Parkinson's disease (PD). The link between dopamine and PD did not take place until 1957, 140 years after Parkinson's Essay. The clue came from research on reserpine, a drug derived from the Rauwolfia plant that caused a sedative effect, now recognized as a drug-induced parkinsonian state. Initial investigations revealed that reserpine caused the release and depletion of serotonin stores in the brain. With that knowledge, Arvid Carlsson, a young pharmacologist in Sweden, decided to explore the possibility that reserpine might also affect brain catecholamines. In his now famous, elegant, and simple experiment, he showed that injecting l-dopa, the precursor of catecholamines, alleviated the reserpine-induced parkinsonian state in animals, whereas the precursor of serotonin failed to do so. Carlsson then developed a highly sensitive assay to measure dopamine, and his lab found that dopamine is selectively present in high concentrations in the striatum and that administered l-dopa could restore the dopamine depleted by reserpine. Carlsson postulated that all these findings implicate dopamine in motor disorders. Oleh Hornykiewicz, a young pharmacologist in Vienna, on

  18. The Problem with Hitler. The Man Nobody Knows

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ben Novak

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Conocemos mucho sobre Adolf Hitler. Probablemente tenemos más información –hechos, detalles y horarios- sobre la vida de este hombre que la de cualquier otra figura significativa de la contemporaneidad. Sin embargo, todavía sentimos que desconocemos a este hombre. Su vida es uno de los mayores misterios en la historia de la Humanidad. ¿Por qué Hitler, sobre el que conocemos mayores hechos y detalles que ninguna otra figura en la historia contemporánea (quizás en la historia, permanece siendo un misterio? Hitler frustró a sus oponentes, sorprendió a observadores neutrales, y deleitó a sus seguidores consiguiendo lo “imposible”. Él jamás habría accedido al poder sin haber conseguido estos cinco “improbabilidades” que describiremos a continuación, y lo que es más, consiguiendo el apoyo incondicional de sus seguidores, le dio un aura de excepcionalidad y catapultó a este pequeño y feo hombre al poder. Este artículo tratará sobre esas cinco “improbabilidades” y su influencia en la personalidad de Hitler: sus primeros años (1919-1923; el juicio por el Putsch; la refundación del partido; el terremoto político de 1930 y su ascenso al poder._____________________ABSTRACT:We know so much about Adolf Hitler. We probably have more information—facts, details, and minutiae—about this man’s life than any other major figure of modern times. Nonetheless, we still feel that we do not know the man. His life is one of the greatest mysteries in human history. Why is it that Hitler, about whom more facts and details are known than perhaps any other figure in modern history (perhaps in all history, remains such a mystery?  Hitler frustrated his opponents, amazed neutral observers, and delighted his supporters by pulling off the seemingly “impossible”. He never would have made it into power except by accomplishing these five “impossibilities”; and it was this, more than anything else, that bound his supporters to him

  19. Proloog : [luuletused] / Henrik Visnapuu ; [Impressioonid]: Viiu Härm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Visnapuu, Henrik, 1890-1951

    2004-01-01

    Sisu: Proloog ; Igavesti ; Kui kuurdub armulill ; Neitsi saunas ; Metsatalu ; Eokene eo-eo ; Õdango laul ; Langes lund, langes verist lund ; Sireli ; Ole tervitet, tervitet ; Kahe ääretuse vahel ; Jääb inimene ikka, ikka meil veel velleks : J. Kuperjanovi mälestuseks ; Ärge tapke inimest ; Noor-Eestile 1905-1915 1-3 ; Surnuk sõnade surise ; Autobiograafia ; Matsin mulda ; Jõuluöö ; Laske mul olla kurb ; Esimene kiri Inglile ; Teine kiri Ingile ; Kolmas kiri Ingile ; Neljas kiri Ingile ; Viies kiri Ingile ; Kuues kiri Ingile ; Seitsmes kiri Ingile ; Kaheksas kiri Ingile ; Üheksas kiri Ingile ; Kümnes kiri Ingile ; Maga Alaea ; Kuu on end riputand ; Ilo kavva on kahele ; Tartu oktoober 1-2, 5 ; Suur kirjanik on nagu vana vein : Eduard Vilde mälestusele ; Üle kodumäe ; Vana-aasta kuu 1 ; Meie aja muinasjutt ; kevad ; Vaikne palve ; Maarjamaa laulud 8 ; Sula unelm ; Koduhaldjas ; Valgus on lõhnavan lehen ; Heinakuu öö 1-2 ; Viimne teekond ; Ema lill ; Vana kell ; Kuuvalgus ; Umbra apocalyptica ; Öö ja päev ; Laul vabadusest ; Magdaleena : Jõuluöö legend 1-2 ; Hommik ; Tuisk ; Pööripäeva eel ; Nii pidulik valgus ; Sügav suvi ; Paadil ; Öö ja meres 1 ; Öö ja meres 2 ; Tulease ; Aed ja aeg ; Idaruum ; Vanaema surm ; Emale ; Endeline öö ; Õnnis suvine öö ; Leegitsev liiv ; Vanad talud ; Sõnatu kuu ; Nii kargelt hingab ; Vihkan kevadet ; Aastaajad : 1. Hiline öökülm ; 2. Hiline sügis ; 3. Sügav talv ; 4. Ma usun taas ; Rahu ; Mul on sinu pärast nii kitsas ; Üle värskete kalmuküngaste ; pea vastu ; Ikka viirastub ; Jõulutäht ; Nii suured on sinu mured ; Mis armas, kõik on tuna ; Viimne söömaaeg ; Astuge tasa ; Periheel ; Ingi haual ; Eksin tänavate kurrus ; Manamine ; Kuues küünal ; Astendus ; Vahimees, ons ikka veel öö ; Karukellad ; Lein ; Kutse ; Kõik muutub lauluks ; Suvine öö 1-2 ; Sügis 1-2 ; Talv ; Talveöö ; Astugem isamaa palge ette ; Viimne kevad

  20. We await for the F¨uhrer’s orders: the Nazi perversion in cinematography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renata Aparecida Frigeri

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This work aims to investigate the ideological and intertextual parallels between Triumph of the Will, the movie, produced by Leni Riefenstahl and the book Mein Kampf, by Adolf Hitler. Triumph of the Will is the film registry of the National Socialist Party in 1934, at the city of Nuremberg and Mein Kampf was written by Hitler in 1924 while He was in jail; the book aims to guide the members of the Nazi party. For this, the research resumes History by the Nazi’s rise using authors like Elias Canetti (1995 and Hannah Arendt (1989; we also study German film production by Siegrief Kracauer (1988. After, this work investigates the movies made by Riefenstahl from Ray Müller’s documentary (1993, and also by the book from Steven Bach (2008 and Riefenstahl’s autobiography (1991. This research constitutes as metodology the books by Mikhail Bakhtin (2010, Robert Stam (1992 and Jacques Durand (1973, to make the movie’s découpage we use Laurent Jullier and Michel Marie (2009. We separated sixteen movie scenes and they were compared between each other to investigate if the movie was made to be seen by all of the german people, to convince them about the Nazi’s ideal – originally present and described in Mein Kampf.

  1. [Emancipation of the works of artists with psychiatric illness - Artistic reflections from the twentieth century and the Art Brut].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Plesznivy, Edit

    2015-01-01

    The study presents the emancipation of the artworks of psychiatric patients through the review of four centuries, focusing on some of the most important medical cultural and art historical stages of the period between the 18th and the 21st century, which is a particularly relevant era in this regard. It touches on the collections linked to psychiatrists and hospitals that were formed primarily on the basis of the researches that were analyzing the connection between creativity and mental illness. After that, the study discusses the ever-changing attitudes and preferences of artists' and major artistic movements towards psychosis and the pictorial world of the psychotic. With great care, it analyses the aesthetic category of the art brut, which is connected to the French painter Jean Dubuffet and was born in the middle of the 1940s, and the relationship between contemporary art and art brut. In connection with some of the most significant art brut collections and exhibitions, the works of a few classical and contemporary art brut artists are also discussed (Adolf Wolfli, Louis Soutter, Aloise Corbaz, August Walla ).

  2. War, sanity, and the Nazi mind: the last passion of Joseph Jastrow.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Behrens, Peter J

    2009-11-01

    The career of Joseph Jastrow (1863-1944) spanned more than 50 years in service to psychology. For 40 years he represented academic psychology at the University of Wisconsin as chair of the psychology department (1886 to 1927), but also was never far from popularizing psychology through books, articles, public lectures, newspaper columns, and finally radio lectures (e.g., Jastrow, 1900, 1935b). Providing a scientific and progressive psychology for the general public was always a strong penchant for Jastrow on several subjects, such as spiritualism (Jastrow, 1911) and effective living (Jastrow, 1935b). About 1939, while he was well into his 70s, his efforts focused on exposing the menace that Adolf Hitler and Nazism posed, so he undertook to enlist prominent editors to publish his work, Hitler: Mask and Myth, as articles or a book. He was not successful in gaining support for the project. His failing can be understood from the perspectives of the American market for Hitler material, the shortcomings of the manuscript, and how he represented psychology to the American public.

  3. Die Deutsche Statistische Gesellschaft in der Weimarer Republik und während der Nazidiktatur

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilke, Jürgen

    Nach anfänglichen Schwierigkeiten durch den 1. Weltkrieg erlangte die Deutsche Statistische Gesellschaft (DStatG) unter dem renommierten Statistiker und Vorsitzenden der DStatG, Friedrich Zahn, durch eine Vielzahl von Aktivitäten hohes Ansehen. Es gab Bestrebungen, Statistiker aus allen Arbeitsfeldern der Statistik in die DStatG zu integrieren, wobei die "Mathematische Statistik" nur zögerlich akzeptiert wurde (Konjunkturforschung, Zeitreihenanalyse). Nach der Machtübernahme 1933 durch Adolf Hitler geriet die DStatG in das Fahrwasser nationalsozialistischer Ideologie und Politik (Führerprinzip, Gleichschaltung des Vereinswesens). Damit war eine personelle Umstrukturierung in der DStatG verbunden. Politisch Missliebige und rassisch Verfolgte mussten die DStatG verlassen (Bernstein, Freudenberg, Gumbel u.a.). Unter den Statistikern gab es alle Abstufungen im Verhalten zum Regime von Ablehnung und zwangsweiser Anpassung über bereitwilliges Mitläufertum bis zu bewusster Täterschaft. Besonders die Bevölkerungsstatistik wurde durch die NS- Rassenpolitik auf lange Sicht diskreditiert. Im Rahmen von Wirtschaftsplanung und Aufrüstung wurden neue zukunftsträchtige statistische Modelle (Grünig, Bramstedt, Leisse) entwickelt.

  4. From Wilhelm von Humboldt to Hitler-are prominent people more prone to have Parkinson's disease?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Horowski; Horowski; Calne; Calne

    2000-10-01

    We describe Parkinsonism in prominent people, where Wilhelm von Humboldt and Adolf Hitler provide just two spectacular, opposing examples. In both of them, there is little if any evidence that the disease did influence their life ambitions, methods of achieving them or cognitive function in general. Thus, Hitler's Parkinsonism should remain a 'footnote' to history, and historians should acknowledge that in his last years, his trembling, his curbed posture, his slow walking, mask-like face and low voice did not indicate remorse, fear or depression as a consequence of his crimes, but were mere expressions of his disease which, until the end, had no impact on his intellectual skills and methods. The apparently higher incidence of Parkinsonism in prominent people may be just due to their higher visibility, or a consequence of disease-related personality traits (e.g. ambition, perfectionism, rigidity) which may contribute to becoming, e.g., a prominent authoritarian person. Perhaps even some early behaviour pattern (such as repressed emotions or acting in public-which could even increase the risk of some infection) contributes to a greater vulnerability for developing Parkinsonism. Further studying other prominent cases might lead us to better understanding of risk factors and the expression of early Parkinsonism.

  5. Letting students discover the power, and the limits, of simple models: Coulomb's law

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bohacek, Peter; Vonk, Matthew; Dill, Joseph; Boehm, Emma

    2017-09-01

    The inverse-square law pops up all over. It's a simplified model of reality that describes light, sound, gravity, and static electricity. But when it's brought up in class, students are often just handed the equations. They rarely have an opportunity to discover Coulomb's law or Newton's law of gravitation for themselves. It's not hard to understand why. A quantitative demonstration of Coulomb's law can be difficult. The forces are smaller than many force sensors can measure and static electricity tends to be finicky. In addition, off-the-shelf units are expensive or difficult to use. As a result, many instructors skip this lab in favor of qualitative demonstrations or simulations. Adolf Cortel sought to remedy this by designing a straightforward experiment for measuring Coulomb's law using charged metalized-glass spheres (Christmas ornaments) and an electronic balance. Building on Cortel's design, we've made a series of video-based experiments that students can use to discover the relationships that underlie electric force.

  6. Research on 18th Century Music in Poland. An Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paczkowski Szymon

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Research on 18th-century music has been one of the key areas of interest for musicologists ever since the beginnings of musicological studies in Poland. It initially developed along two distinct lines: general music history (with publications mostly in foreign languages and local history (mostly in Polish. In the last three decades the dominant tendency among Polish researchers has been, however, to relate problems of 18th-century Polish musical culture to the political history of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and more generally – to the political history of Central Europe at large. The most important subjects taken up in research on 18th-century music include: the musical cultures of the royal court in 18th-century Warsaw (primarily in the works of Alina Żórawska-Witkowska as well as Polish aristocratic residences (e.g. studies by Szymon Paczkowski and Irena Bieńkowska, the ecclesiastical and monastic circles (publications by Alina Mądry, Paweł Podejko, Remigiusz Pośpiech and Tomasz Jeż; problems of musical style (texts by Szymon Paczkowski; research on sources containing music by European composers (e.g. by Johann Adolf Hasse; the musical culture of cities (of Gdańsk, first and foremost; studies concerning the transfer of music and music-related materials, the musical centres and peripheries, etc.

  7. Some early cases of aphasia and the capacity to sing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Julene K; Graziano, Amy B

    2015-01-01

    This chapter examines early cases of aphasia that include observations of the capacity to sing. Although the majority of these cases were published in the late nineteenth century, earlier reports exist and provide insights into the early thinking about the capacity to sing in aphasia, a topic that continues to the present day. The observation that some patients with aphasia and limited speech output were able to sing the texts of songs inspired scholars to examine the relationship between music and language. Early ideas about the capacity to sing were provided by well-known neurologists, such as John Hughlings Jackson and Adolf Kussmaul. The work of Herbert Spencer about the origins and function of music heavily influenced Jackson and others in their thinking about aphasia. This work also led to an increased interest in understanding music abilities in persons with aphasia and, later, in the brain mechanisms of music. The chapter provides a background as to why there was an interest in the capacity to sing in persons with aphasia and what influenced early thinking on this topic. © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  8. Cine Club

    CERN Multimedia

    Cine Club

    2014-01-01

    Thursday 27 March 2014 at 20:00 CERN Council Chamber Zelig     Directed by Woody Allen (USA, 1983) 79 minutes   Leonard Zelig, the “human chameleon”, is profiled in this mock-documentary. Woody Allen appears as Zelig in scenes that purport to be vintage newsreel clips of the 1920s and 1930s, but are actually clever recreations, “aged” and scratched-up.  An appropriately pompous narrator details the life and times of Leonard Zelig, whose overwhelming desire for conformity is manifested in his ability to take on the facial and vocal characteristics of whomever he happens to be around at the moment. He shows up at batting practice with Babe Ruth, among William Randolph Hearst’s guests as San Simeon, side by side with Pope Pius at the Vatican, and peering anxiously over the shoulder of Adolf Hitler at the Nuremberg Rally. Becoming a celebrity in his own right, Zelig inspires a song, a dance craze, and...

  9. Cine-Club

    CERN Multimedia

    Cine-Club

    2014-01-01

    Thursday 27 March 2014 at 20:00 CERN Council Chamber Zelig     Directed by Woody Allen (USA, 1983) 79 minutes   Leonard Zelig, the “human chameleon”, is profiled in this mock-documentary. Woody Allen appears as Zelig in scenes that purport to be vintage newsreel clips of the 1920s and 1930s, but are actually clever recreations, “aged” and scratched-up.  An appropriately pompous narrator details the life and times of Leonard Zelig, whose overwhelming desire for conformity is manifested in his ability to take on the facial and vocal characteristics of whomever he happens to be around at the moment. He shows up at batting practice with Babe Ruth, among William Randolph Hearst’s guests as San Simeon, side by side with Pope Pius at the Vatican, and peering anxiously over the shoulder of Adolf Hitler at the Nuremberg Rally. Becoming a celebrity in his own right, Zelig inspires a song, a dance craze, and...

  10. Using "Big Data" Versus Alternative Measures of Aggregate Data to Predict the U.S. 2016 Presidential Election.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ma-Kellams, Christine; Bishop, Brianna; Zhang, Mei Fong; Villagrana, Brian

    2017-01-01

    To what extent could "Big Data" predict the results of the 2016 U.S. presidential election better than more conventional sources of aggregate measures? To test this idea, the present research used Google search trends versus other forms of state-level data (i.e., both behavioral measures like the incidence of hate crimes, hate groups, and police brutality and implicit measures like Implicit Association Test (IAT) data) to predict each state's popular vote for the 2016 presidential election. Results demonstrate that, when taken in isolation, zero-order correlations reveal that prevalence of hate groups, prevalence of hate crimes, Google searches for racially charged terms (i.e., related to White supremacy groups, racial slurs, and the Nazi movement), and political conservatism were all significant predictors of popular support for Trump. However, subsequent hierarchical regression analyses show that when these predictors are considered simultaneously, only Google search data for historical White supremacy terms (e.g., "Adolf Hitler") uniquely predicted election outcomes earlier and beyond political conservatism. Thus, Big Data, in the form of Google search, emerged as a more potent predictor of political behavior than other aggregate measures, including implicit attitudes and behavioral measures of racial bias. Implications for the role of racial bias in the 2016 presidential election in particular and the utility of Google search data more generally are discussed.

  11. Reaching for Success: Picasso’s Rise in the Market (The First Two Decades

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Enrique Mallen

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available This article explores the exhibitions of Picasso’s works in the first two decades of his artistic career, as well as the dealers and collectors who came into contact with them. It describes the relationship between Picasso and his first dealers, Pere Manyach, Berthe Weill, Clovis Sagot, Père Soulier, Ambroise Vollard, Daniel-Henry Kahnweiler, Georg Caspari, L. W. Guthier, Hans Goltz, Heinrich Thannhauser, Otto Feldmann, Alfred Flechtheim, Emil Richter, Gottfried Tanner, Michael Brenner, R. J. Coady, Léonce Rosenberg, Paul Rosenberg, etc.; as well as his first collectors, Leo and Gertrude Stein, Olivier Sainsère, Joachim Gasquet, Wilhelm Uhde, Herman Rupf, Vincenc Kramář, Frank Stoop, Hugo Perls, Edwin Suermondt, Dr. Paul Ferdinand Schmidt, Princess Mechtilde Lichnowsky, Henry Simms, Ludwig and Rosy Fischer, Professor Wilhelm Kreis, Adolf Erblösch, Justin K. Thannhauser, Sergei Ivanovich Shchukin, Ivan A. Morosov, etc. It also identifies all important Picasso expositions in this time period and how those dealers and collectors were involved in their arrangement. The information provided here has been excerpted from an exhaustive study of the critical literature on Pablo Picasso, as well as from published exhibition catalogues.

  12. Nobel Prizes: Contributions to Cardiology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mesquita, Evandro Tinoco; Marchese, Luana de Decco; Dias, Danielle Warol; Barbeito, Andressa Brasil; Gomes, Jonathan Costa; Muradas, Maria Clara Soares; Lanzieri, Pedro Gemal; Gismondi, Ronaldo Altenburg

    2015-01-01

    The Nobel Prize was created by Alfred Nobel. The first prize was awarded in 1901 and Emil Adolf von Behring was the first laureate in medicine due to his research in diphtheria serum. Regarding cardiology, Nobel Prize’s history permits a global comprehension of progress in pathophysiology, diagnosis and therapeutics of various cardiac diseases in last 120 years. The objective of this study was to review the major scientific discoveries contemplated by Nobel Prizes that contributed to cardiology. In addition, we also hypothesized why Carlos Chagas, one of our most important scientists, did not win the prize in two occasions. We carried out a non-systematic review of Nobel Prize winners, selecting the main studies relevant to heart diseaseamong the laureates. In the period between 1901 and 2013, 204 researches and 104 prizes were awarded in Nobel Prize, of which 16 (15%) studies were important for cardiovascular area. There were 33 (16%) laureates, and two (6%) were women. Fourteen (42%) were American, 15 (45%) Europeans and four (13%) were from other countries. There was only one winner born in Brazil, Peter Medawar, whose career was all in England. Reviewing the history of the Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine area made possible to identify which researchers and studies had contributed to advances in the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of cardiovascular diseases. Most winners were North Americans and Europeans, and male

  13. W. Horsley Gantt, Nick, and the Pavlovian Science at Phipps Clinic.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruiz, Gabriel; Sánchez, Natividad

    2016-10-24

    William Horsley Gantt is well known as one to the principal proponents of Pavlovian methodology in the U.S. After a long stay at Ivan Petrovich Pavlov's laboratory in Leningrad from 1925 to 1929, Gantt was invited by Adolf Meyer to join the Henry Phipps Psychiatric Clinic, where he founded and directed the Pavlovian Laboratory from 1930 to 1964. Soon after his arrival at Phipps Clinic in 1931, Gantt began a Pavlovian research program that included the investigation of nervous disturbances in dogs and clinical researches with psychiatric patients. In these studies, Gantt combined a physiological method (the conditional reflexes approach), with a psychiatric problem (nervous disorders) in the context of Meyer's psychobiology that established the person or individual as unit of analysis. This fact, concentrating upon a single individual, made Gantt studies with dogs recognizable and interesting to physicians, psychologists, and psychiatrists who also worked on individuals. In this paper, we use archival materials -including correspondence, notebooks, and unpublished autobiographical material- to present a case study, that of William Horsley Gantt and his dog Nick. We will explore the reasons why Gantt' studies on nervous disturbances with this dog captured the interest of psychiatrists and clinical psychologists.

  14. The "Biogenetic Law" in zoology: from Ernst Haeckel's formulation to current approaches.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olsson, Lennart; Levit, Georgy S; Hoßfeld, Uwe

    2017-06-01

    150 years ago, in 1866, Ernst Haeckel published a book in two volumes called "Generelle Morphologie der Organismen" (General Morphology of Organisms) in which he formulated his biogenetic law, famously stating that ontogeny recapitulates phylogeny. Here we describe Haeckel's original idea and follow its development in the thinking of two scientists inspired by Haeckel, Alexei Sewertzoff and Adolf Naef. Sewertzoff and Naef initially approached the problem of reformulating Haeckel's law in similar ways, and formulated comparable hypotheses at a purely descriptive level. But their theoretical viewpoints were crucially different. While Sewertzoff laid the foundations for a Darwinian evolutionary morphology and is regarded as a forerunner of the Modern Synthesis, Naef was one of the most important figures in 'idealistic morphology', usually seen as a type of anti-Darwinism. Both Naef and Sewertzoff aimed to revise Haeckel's biogenetic law and came to comparable conclusions at the empirical level. We end our review with a brief look at the present situation in which molecular data are used to test the "hour-glass model", which can be seen as a modern version of the biogenetic law.

  15. Nazis on the State Payroll in 1930s Ireland

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David O’Donoghue

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The Austro-German population of Ireland in 1936 was 529. Approximately 25% of the adult male cohort were, or became, members of Hitler’s Nazi Party (NSDAP. A small cadre of senior figures in the party were active in recruiting new members as Nazi Germany’s fortunes rose from 1933 to 1939. Some 32 Germans and Austrians resident in pre-war Ireland have been identified as Nazi Party members, although a small number of these were exchange students rather than full-time residents. This paper examines the six NSDAP members who held senior positions in the Irish public service. As Irish state employees they were in a contradictory position: swearing loyalty to Adolf Hitler’s Third Reich while attempting to hold down important jobs on the Irish state payroll. Dr. David O’Donoghue’s article scrutinises the activities of these six men, as well as explaining how they tried, by varying degrees, to serve two masters. The paper also examines their wartime and post-war lives.

  16. Justicia penal en el Estado arbitrario. La reforma procesal penal durante el nacionalsocialismo, de Javier Llobet Rodríguez

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Camilo Ernesto Bernal Sarmiento

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available La obra del profesor Dr. Javier Llobet Rodríguez, catedrático de la Universidad de Costa Rica y abogado litigante, se inserta en una corriente de trabajos surgidos en los últimos diez años en Alemania, España y Latinoamérica relacionados con la identificación del papel que pudieron haber cumplido el derecho penal y la criminología, lo mismo que sus académicos y operadores judiciales, en el proceso de justificación, legitimación formal y aplicación práctica de la barbarie del régimen nacional socialista que lideró Adolf Hitler. En línea de continuidad con sus trabajos de investigación sobre la presunción de inocencia, la detención preventiva y las garantías procesales, Llobet nos propone en Justicia penal en el Estado arbitrario, la reforma procesal penal durante el nacionalsocialismo, analizar la importancia de las garantías del debido proceso estudiando para ello su antítesis, ejemplificada en la actuación meramente policial y la reforma procesal penal que se llevo a cabo durante el nacionalsocialismo   

  17. Ideologias e regimes autocráticos chauvinistas: fundamentos e influências.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jefferson Rodrigues Barbosa

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available As ideologias chauvinistas são expressões de pensamentos nacionalistas exacerbados, caracterizados por debilidades argumentativas e fundamentalismos, que legitimam princípios de ordenamento social de caráter autocrático. A presente pesquisa investiga os fundamentos argumentativos presentes nos escritos de Benito Mussolini e Adolf Hitler, como expressões das concepções em questão. Em perspectiva crítica através da análise histórica e dos fundamentos da Teoria Política marxista, temas como Estado, partido e nação serão privilegiados com o objetivo de compreensão das aproximações e distanciamentos destas concepções legitimadoras de Estados de Exceção nas primeiras décadas do século XX, com experiências que ocorreram na América do Sul, especificamente o integralismo brasileiro.

  18. Berlin 1936: The Creation of the “Myth” Jesse Owens

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leite Werlayne Stuart Soares

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available Throughout the twentieth century, the sport has gained much importance in society and sparked interest from various sectors, including the political. Adolf Hitler used the XI 1936 Summer Olympic Games to show the world the strength of Nazi Germany and its rebirth after the defeat in World War I and the impositions of the Versailles Treaty. However, many of the facts historically reported on the 1936 Olympics are contested. The most famous and mythical case of these Olympic Games, and one of the most famous in the history of sport, relates to events that occurred between the American athlete Jesse Owens and the Nazi Führer. The aim of this work is to try to show, as faithfully as possible, as some important facts occurred during this event (the contest between Owens and Long in the long jump; if Hitler snubbed Owens; etc. that helped create the “myth” around Owens; and to present reports of the global media coverage, analyzing the perpetuation of these mythical reports in current media. As methodology was conducted an ample bibliographical research: reports taken from newspapers of the time and current, books, scientific papers, master's thesis, documentaries, etc. Without claiming to prove a single fact, it is intended to provide insight to the reader to draw their own conclusions.

  19. La fuga negata. Marie Luise Kaschnitz e il nazismo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucia Mor

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Nel gennaio del 1946 la scrittrice tedesca Marie Luise Kaschnitz pubblica sulla neonata rivista “Die Wandlung” (Il cambiamento il saggio Von der Schuld (Sulla colpa nel quale reagisce, a pochi mesi dalla fine della guerra, alle accuse rivolte da più parti ai Tedeschi di aver consentito al nazismo di trascinare il mondo nella tragedia della Seconda Guerra Mondiale. Le pagine della Kaschnitz sono un documento dimenticato del dibattito, ad oggi inconcluso, sul tema della colpa dei Tedeschi che non opposero resistenza al regime di Adolf Hitler: esse non sono recuperate per decidere sulla condanna o sull’assoluzione della scrittrice e di chi con lei si definì ‘vigliacco’ per aver taciuto, bensì per cercare di comprendere le cause dal punto di vista umano del fenomeno della Innere Emigration, causato dal potere paralizzante esercitato dal regime del terrore, che chiuse ai più ogni via di fuga concreta e, soprattutto, la via della coscienza.

  20. Hitler na crônica militante de Jorge Amado

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Márcio Henrique Muraca

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Militante comunista até meados da década de 1950, Jorge Amado configura sua obra com sopros panfletários. Escritor prolífero, seus escritos vão além dos romances, sendo o baiano um assíduo colaborador em jornais de seu tempo. Entre 1942 e 1945, Amado escreveu a colona “Hora da Guerra”, no jornal O Imparcial, de Salvador. Umas das figuras mais citadas e tratadas pelo autor é Adolf Hitler, sobretudo como metonímia do mal. A figuração demoníaca do líder alemão está articulada, no plano internacional, ao movimento comunista encabeçado por Moscou e, no plano nacional, ao engajamento esquerdista antifascista que enxerga no período da Guerra a oportunidade de virada democrática no Brasil. Em termos literários, a crônica de Amado estabelece uma dicção modernista da linguagem, enquanto ideologicamente pretende convencer pela emoção, ao associar Hitler a uma tríade: ódio-vingança-repúdio, tudo em oposição a uma identidade nacional baseada na miscigenação.

  1. The National Socialist Sisterhood: an instrument of National Socialist health policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schweikardt, Christoph

    2009-06-01

    When Adolf Hitler (1889-1945) came to power in 1933, the new Nazi government focused the German health system on their priorities such as the creation of a racially homogeneous society and the preparation of war. One of the measures to bring nursing under their control was the foundation of a new sisterhood. In 1934, Erich Hilgenfeldt (1897-1945), the ambitious head of the National Socialist People's Welfare Association (Nationalsozialistische Volkswohlfahrt), founded the National Socialist (NS) Sisterhood (Nationalsozialistische Schwesternschaft) to create an elite group that would work for the goals of the National Socialist German Workers' Party (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei, NSDAP). Hilgenfeldt proclaimed community nursing as a priority for NS Sisterhood nurses. Catholic and Protestant sisters, who were traditionally dedicated to community nursing, were to be gradually replaced. However, other competing priorities, such as hospital service for the training of junior nurses and work in conquered regions, as well as the lack of NS nursing personnel, hampered the expansion of community nursing. The paper also addresses areas for future research: everyday activities of NS nurses, the service of NS Sisterhood nurses for NSDAP organisations such as the elite racist paramilitary force SS (Schutzstaffel, Protective Squadron), and involvement in their crimes have hardly been investigated as yet.

  2. Tobacco policies in Austria during the Third Reich.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bachinger, E; McKee, M

    2007-09-01

    The anti-smoking stance taken by Adolf Hitler, coupled with Nazi support for research on smoking and lung cancer and campaigns to discourage smoking, have encouraged pro-smoking groups to equate tobacco control activities with totalitarianism. Previous work has described the situation in Germany. To examine the situation in Austria, also part of the Reich after 1938. Iterative analysis of documents and reports about the situation in Austria in the 1930s and 1940s, supplemented by a review of Reich legal ordinances, party newspapers, health behaviour guidelines issued by Nazi party organisations and interviews with expert informants. In contrast to the situation in Germany where, albeit to a much lesser degree than is commonly believed, some anti-smoking policies were adopted, the Nazi authorities in Austria made almost no attempt to discourage smoking and the Austrian tobacco company worked closely with the Nazi authorities to ensure that supplies were maintained. Especially when looked at in the Austrian context, the much-cited link between anti-smoking policies and Nazism is a gross over-simplification. This purported link should not be used to justify the continued failure to act effectively against smoking in Germany and Austria.

  3. Dermatologic relationships between the United States and German-speaking countries: part 2--the exodus of Jewish dermatologists.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burgdorf, Walter H C; Bickers, David R

    2013-09-01

    The rise to power of the National Socialist (Nazi) party led by Adolf Hitler and the subsequent tumultuous 12 years of their rule in Germany resulted in catastrophes including World War II, the most destructive war ever, and the premeditated and systematic murder of 5 to 6 million European Jews. Despite their notable contributions to the academic excellence that existed in German-speaking countries at that time, Jewish physicians were particularly vulnerable to persecution and death. Between 1933 and 1938, a series of repressive measures eliminated them from the practice of medicine in Germany and other countries. Although some died in concentration camps and others committed suicide, many were able to emigrate from Europe. Dermatology in the United States particularly benefited from the influx of several stellar Jewish dermatologists who were major contributors to the subsequent flowering of academic dermatology in the United States. A number of representative biographies of these immigrants are briefly recounted to illustrate their lasting influence on our specialty.

  4. Managers can drive their subordinates mad.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kets de Vries, M F

    1979-01-01

    This article explores the phenomenon of "folie à deux"--an aberrant relationship between manager and subordinates that is characterized by shared delusions. Though most visible among public figures like Adolf Hitler, J. Edgar Hoover and Jim Jones, the problem also surfaces among private managers and their associates with dangerous implications for the firm. In folie à deux, the unusual behavior patterns of a manager in an isolated setting become mirrored by dependent subordinates, and the organization loses touch with its original goals and strategies. The author describes the dynamics of this phenomenon and details steps to remedy the situation. Once recognized, he suggests that the manager establish a trusting relationship with the instigator as a prelude to altering the behavior patterns, then transfer the subordinates and reorient the work climate so that independence and responsibility are encouraged. If the instigator is a powerful executive, the author suggests enlisting the support of a countervailing force, such as the government or a union, to guide the organization away from possible self-destructive adventures.

  5. ["In Stockholm they apparently had some kind of countermovement" - Ferdinand Sauerbruch (1875-1951) and the Nobel prize].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hansson, Nils; Schagen, Udo

    2014-01-01

    The archive of the Nobel Assembly for Physiology or Medicine in Solna, Sweden, is a remarkable repository that contains reports and dossiers of the Nobel Prize nominations of senior and junior physicians from around the world. Although this archive has begun to be used more by scholars, it has been insufficiently examined by historians of surgery. No other German surgeon was nominated as often as Ferdinand Sauerbruch for the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in the first half of the 20th century. This contribution reconstructs why and by whom Sauerbruch was nominated, and discusses the Nobel committee evaluations of his work. Political factors did not play an obvious role in the Nobel committee discussions, in spite of the fact that Adolf Hitler in 1937 had prohibited all German citizens to accept the Nobel Prize. The main reasons why Sauerbruch ultimately was not considered prize- worthy were that Sauerbruch's achievements were marked by scientific priority disputes, and that his work was not seen as original enough.

  6. The history of natural progesterone, the never-ending story.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Piette, P

    2018-05-28

    The term progesterone should only be used for the natural hormone produced by the ovaries or included in a registered drug. The modern history of progesterone begins with the first book-length description of the female reproductive system including the corpus luteum and later with the Nobel Prize winner, Adolf Butenandt who took a crucial step when he succeeded in converting pregnanediol into a chemically pure form of progesterone, the corpus luteum hormone. The deficient production of progesterone was shown first to be the cause of the luteal-phase deficiency responsible for infertility and early pregnancy loss due to inadequate secretory transformation of the endometrium. Later, progesterone was confirmed to be the best and safest method of providing luteal-phase support in assisted reproductive technology. Progesterone provides adequate endometrial protection and is suggested to be the optimal progestagen in menopausal hormone therapy in terms of cardiovascular effects, venous thromboembolism, probably stroke and even breast cancer risk. Neuroprotective effects of progesterone have also been demonstrated in several of experimental models including cerebral ischemic stroke and Alzheimer's disease. Vaginal progesterone was shown to decrease the risk of preterm birth in women with a mid-trimester sonographic short cervix and to improve perinatal outcomes in singleton and twin gestations.

  7. The experience of the Hitler Youth - boys in national-socialism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dominik Figiel

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Losing the First World War, unemployment, the generation gap and the cult of youth led to the party of Adolf Hitler gaining popularity in the Weimar Republic. Using slogans of the restoration of a strong Germany the national socialists organized structures, which formed and educated German Youth. Hitler Youth – brought up according to the rule: “youth leads youth” – was a very fertile environment for the spread of the idea of national-socialism. The specific values – racial supremacy, honour, obedience – handed down by parents were the beginning of the Nazi indoctrination. In the later period such organizations as Bund Deutscher Madel or Hitlerjugend took power over German youth. Education, upbringing, ideological content used by the institutions in Nazi Germany are described in the extensive literature on the subject. However, very important are the experiences of individual members of the Hitler Youth that show the Nazi youth activities from a time perspective. Experiences such as the wisdom of life, and gained knowledge, enable recognition and description of the reality which is discussed. The scope of historical and pedagogical research shows the essential facts constituting the full picture of the life of young people during Nazi era.

  8. Nobel Prizes: Contributions to Cardiology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mesquita, Evandro Tinoco; Marchese, Luana de Decco; Dias, Danielle Warol; Barbeito, Andressa Brasil; Gomes, Jonathan Costa; Muradas, Maria Clara Soares; Lanzieri, Pedro Gemal; Gismondi, Ronaldo Altenburg, E-mail: ronaldo@floralia.com.br [Universidade Federal Fluminense, Niterói, RJ (Brazil)

    2015-08-15

    The Nobel Prize was created by Alfred Nobel. The first prize was awarded in 1901 and Emil Adolf von Behring was the first laureate in medicine due to his research in diphtheria serum. Regarding cardiology, Nobel Prize’s history permits a global comprehension of progress in pathophysiology, diagnosis and therapeutics of various cardiac diseases in last 120 years. The objective of this study was to review the major scientific discoveries contemplated by Nobel Prizes that contributed to cardiology. In addition, we also hypothesized why Carlos Chagas, one of our most important scientists, did not win the prize in two occasions. We carried out a non-systematic review of Nobel Prize winners, selecting the main studies relevant to heart diseaseamong the laureates. In the period between 1901 and 2013, 204 researches and 104 prizes were awarded in Nobel Prize, of which 16 (15%) studies were important for cardiovascular area. There were 33 (16%) laureates, and two (6%) were women. Fourteen (42%) were American, 15 (45%) Europeans and four (13%) were from other countries. There was only one winner born in Brazil, Peter Medawar, whose career was all in England. Reviewing the history of the Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine area made possible to identify which researchers and studies had contributed to advances in the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of cardiovascular diseases. Most winners were North Americans and Europeans, and male.

  9. Re: The Search for Human Pheromones: The Lost Decades and the Necessity of Returning to First Principles

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    Fehmi Narter

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available EDITORIAL COMMENT Pheromones are chemical signals that have evolved for communication with other members of the same species. We do not know yet if humans have pheromones. Over the last 45 years, some scientists have claimed that a number of molecules are human pheromones, but these claims have little scientific validity. The first chemical identification of a pheromone, the silk moth’s female sex pheromone (bombykol, achieved by the German chemist Adolf Butenandt and after this finding, four steroid molecules have been described as human pheromones: androstenone, androstenol, androstadienone and estratetraenol. The possibility of human pheromones has been downplayed in part because in the past, it has been assumed erroneously that we have a poor sense of smell. Humans have a “main olfactory system” but they do not have a functional vomeronasal organ (or “second nose”; Jacobson’s organ, is an auxiliary olfactory sense organ that is found in many animals. It lies close to the vomer and nasal bones. In the near future, researches will be focused on identification and synthesis of these bioactive molecule(s, followed by bioassay techniques, again. Especially, comparison of secretions from adult and pre-pubertal humans may highlight potential molecules involved in sexual behaviour. Further search will benefit from the techniques developed by olfactory researchers including those who have worked on the steroids previously.

  10. The founding of ISOTT: the Shamattawa of engineering science and medical science.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bruley, Duane F

    2014-01-01

    The founding of ISOTT was based upon the blending of Medical and Engineering sciences. This occurrence is portrayed by the Shamattawa, the joining of the Chippewa and Flambeau rivers. Beginning with Carl Scheele's discovery of oxygen, the medical sciences advanced the knowledge of its importance to physiological phenomena. Meanwhile, engineering science was evolving as a mathematical discipline used to define systems quantitatively from basic principles. In particular, Adolf Fick's employment of a gradient led to the formalization of transport phenomena. These two rivers of knowledge were blended to found ISOTT at Clemson/Charleston, South Carolina, USA, in 1973.The establishment of our society with a mission to support the collaborative work of medical scientists, clinicians and all disciplines of engineering was a supporting step in the evolution of bioengineering. Traditional engineers typically worked in areas not requiring knowledge of biology or the life sciences. By encouraging collaboration between medical science and traditional engineering, our society became one of the forerunners in establishing bioengineering as the fifth traditional discipline of engineering.

  11. The German genius Europe's third renaissance, the second scientific revolution, and the twentieth century

    CERN Document Server

    Watson, Peter

    2010-01-01

    Peter Watson's virtuoso sweep through modern German thought and culture, from 1750 to the present day, will challenge and confound both the stereotypes the world has of Germany and those that Germany has of itself. From the end of the Baroque era and the death of Bach to the rise of Hitler in 1933, Germany was transformed from a poor relation among Western nations into a dominant intellectual and cultural force—more creative and influential than France, Britain, Italy, Holland, and the United States. In the early decades of the twentieth century, German artists, writers, scholars, philosophers, scientists, and engineers were leading their freshly unified country to new and unimagined heights. By 1933, Germans had won more Nobel Prizes than any other nationals, and more than the British and Americans combined. Yet this remarkable genius was cut down in its prime by Adolf Hitler and his disastrous Third Reich—a brutal legacy that has overshadowed the nation's achievements ever since. How did the Germans t...

  12. Impactul imaginilor audiovizuale asupra structurii teatrului modern

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Violeta Tipa

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available With the development of digital technologies, the universe of theatrical performance knows a new wave of visual image invasion. Almost a century from the first attempts to introduce elements of cinematic language, theater people offer new opportunities for including movie images (video in the performance structure, expanding the space and time of the dramatic actions. Being more sophisticated and used at maximum, they have generated some new forms of theater, such as media theater and visual theater. The trend toward the modernization of the performance, by imposing video sequences, often change the optics of the traditional performance. Theater performances of the theatres from Poland: Hamlet by Krzysztof Garbaczewski, the performances Hommage to Chagall and Metamorphosis by director Adolf Weltschek; the Romanian performances Everything is Well between Us by Radu Afrim, the show King Ubu by Slava Sambris and the ones presented within BITEI 2016 are among the experiments in this context. Having a significant impact on the theatrical language, as well as on the structure of modern performance, the presence of the audio-visual causes a phenomenon worthy of research under various aspects.

  13. Theodor Waitz on psychic unity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jahoda, Gustav

    2014-06-01

    The tolerant stance on 'race' by prominent Enlightenment figures was followed in the 19th century by a powerful wave of biological racism. Many of its proponents took the view that human 'races' constitute separate species, and that most non-white ones are of inferior mentality. An early opponent of this claim was James Cowles Prichard, who used mainly missionary reports in seeking to refute it. Far more extensive work was undertaken by the Herbartian psychologist Theodor Waitz, who collected ethnographic material from all over the world. It was published in six volumes - the last two after his death by his former student Georg Gerland. Waitz aim was to demonstrate the 'psychic unity' of mankind. Initially extracts from the volume on African peoples are presented in order to show how he dealt with his material. The main focus is on his first volume entitled Introduction to Anthropology, in which he elaborates his general thesis. In it Waitz maintains, against the biological racists, that mankind is a single species. Furthermore he discusses the changes from savagery to civilization, attributing them to a combination of geography and history. He was followed by Adolf Bastian who, unlike Waitz, was a great traveller with personal experience of peoples all over the globe. Both firmly believed in the psychic unity of mankind, but Bastian's approach to psychology was very different.

  14. "Just as the Structural Formula Does": Names, Diagrams, and the Structure of Organic Chemistry at the 1892 Geneva Nomenclature Congress.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hepler-Smith, Evan

    2015-02-01

    At the Geneva Nomenclature Congress of 1892, some of the foremost organic chemists of the late nineteenth century crafted a novel relationship between chemical substances, chemical diagrams, and chemical names that has shaped practices of chemical representation ever since. During the 1880s, the French chemist Charles Friedel organised the nomenclature reform effort that culminated in the Geneva Congress; in the disorderly nomenclature of German synthetic chemistry, Friedel saw an opportunity to advance French national interests and his own pedagogical goals. Friedel and a group of close colleagues reconceived nomenclature as a unified field, in which all chemical names ought to relate clearly to one another and to the structure of the compounds they represented. The German chemist Adolf von Baeyer went a step farther, arguing for names that precisely and uniquely corresponded to the structural formula of each compound, tailored for use in chemical dictionaries and handbooks. Baeyer's vision prevailed at the Geneva Congress, which consequently codified rules for rigorously mapping structural formulas into names, resulting in names that faithfully represented the features of these diagrams but not always the chemical behaviour of the compounds themselves. This approach ultimately limited both the number of chemical compounds that the Geneva rules were able to encompass and the breadth of their application. However, the relationship between diagram and name established at the Geneva Congress became the foundation not only of subsequent systems of chemical nomenclature but of methods of organising information that have supported the modern chemical sciences.

  15. Opfer des NS-Bücherraubes – 10 Fälle aus medizinischen Bibliotheken in Wien: Provenienzforschungsprojekt an der Universitätsbibliothek der Medizinischen Universität Wien / Victims of book expropriation during nazi regime – 10 examples from medical libraries in Vienna: provenance research project at the university library at the Medical University Vienna

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bauer, Bruno

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Since 2007 the university library at the Medical University Vienna runs a provenance research project. Books, stolen between 1938 and 1945, were acquired by at that time discrete libraries at institutions and clinics of the former medical faculty at Vienna University. A systematic survey of the now centralised book collection should bring to light these misgotten book acquisitions. Aim of the project is to document such cases and to restitute books to their lawful owners or their legal successors. Until Novemver 2008 about 80,000 volumes were scrutinised directly at the shelves by so-called autopsy. So far about 200 definitely stolen books and approximately 1800 suspicious books were dedected. This paper describes the initial position, method and hitherto existing results of the provenance research project. Ten cases of such book theft, recorded in the now centralised collection of the university library of the Medical University Vienna (former medical faculty, should depict victims of book expropiation during nazi regime. These cases include second-hand bookshops (Alois Fantl, Hans Peter Kraus, an university professor from the former medical faculty at Vienna University (Markus Hajek, general practitioners not associated with the former medical faculty (Adolf Kronfeld, Richard Löwi, private persons (Lily Fuchs, Raoul Fernand Jellinek-Mercedes and books from public and private libraries (Akademischer Verein jüdischer Mediziner, Bibliothek Sassenbach, Ortskrankenkasse Dresden.

  16. Illusionists

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    N.J Wade

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Illusions have been displayed in art for millennia but they were not addressed seriously by visual science until the mid-nineteenth century when Johann Joseph Oppel referred to the small spatial distortions as ‘geometrical optical illusions’. Many of the illusion figures described thereafter bear the names of those who illustrated them. Original forms of the illusions were shown together with illusory portrayals of those who described them. These included (in chronological sequence: Jan Evangelista Purkyně, Louis Albert Necker, Michel Eugène Chevreul, Adolf Fick, Johann Karl Friedrich Zöllner, Johann Christian Poggendorff, Karl Ewald Konstantin Hering, August Kundt, Joseph-Rémi-Léopold Delbæuf, Ernst Mach, Hermann Ludwig Ferdinand Helmholtz, Ludimar Hermann, Wilhelm von Bezold, Henri Beaunis, Franz Carl Müller-Lyer, Theodor Lipps, Armand Thiéry, Wilhelm Maximilian Wundt, Hugo Münsterberg, Friedrich Schumann, Hermann Ebbinghaus, Edward Bradford Titchener, Joseph Jastrow, James Fraser, Mario Ponzo, Edgar Rubin, Matthew Luckiesh, Friedrich Sander, Walter Ehrenstein, Adelbert Ames, Richard Gregory, Gaetano Kanizsa, Michael White, Roger Shepard, and Bernd Lingelbach.

  17. Self-Assertion in the Public Sphere: The Jewish Press on the Eve of Legal Emancipation

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    Dieter J. Hecht

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Jews like Adolf Fischhof and Ludwig August Frankl were prominent participants in the revolution of 1848. Their speeches, poems, and portraits circulated in Vienna and throughout the Empire. With the suppression of the revolution, most of these prominent Jews had to either leave Vienna or retreat to the private sphere. Only in the late 1850s did Jews regain their public presence, starting with the opening of the Leopoldstaedter Tempel in 1858 and the building of the Ringstrasse from 1860 onwards. Many Jews hoped that the new liberal era would grant them civil rights and legal emancipation. Jewish intellectuals and journalists supported this struggle from within and outside the growing Jewish community. An important weapon in their struggle were Jewish newspapers. These newspapers not only provided information, but also served as mouthpieces for different Jewish movements. They featured biographies with portraits (in words and images of distinguished Jewish leaders (mostly men and a few women, which were supposed to present the social achievements of a certain group within Jewish society to a broader audience. In fact, these portraits served as a form of self-assertion for the publisher as well as for the audience. It projected the message that Jews not only merited emancipation, but also struggled for it on various levels. The paper therefore addresses questions of biography and the (Jewish identity these portraits at once reflected and shaped.

  18. Eichmann a Gerusalemme. Il processo, le polemiche, il perpetratore, la banalità del male:

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    Bethania Assy

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Eichmann in Jerusalem: The Trial, the Controversy, the Perpetrator, the Banality of Evil - The book Eichmann in Jerusalem - a Report on the Banality of Evil was the result of Hannah Arendt's coverage of the trial of Otto Adolf Eichmann in Jerusalem for the The New Yorker. Arendt identified three motives that led her to concern herself with the Eichmann trial: she wanted to know who Eichmann really was “in the flesh”; she wanted to assess the possibility of a new kind of crime and criminal in their juridical aspects; she was concerned about the nature of evil. Starting from these Arendtian motivations, this article analyzes the juridical implications of the Eichmann trial; the controversy over the Jewish question; the concept of the "banality of evil" and its importance in Arendt´s thinking. Although Arendt asserted the failure of traditional thought to grasp the phenomenon of evil in her analysis of radical evil in The Origins of Totalitarianism, only after the Eichmann book and the "banality of evil" did she cultivate this interest in a new move toward ethics. What Arendt detected in Eichmann was not stupidity; in her words, he displayed something entirely negative: thoughtlessness. Eichmann’s ordinariness manifested itself in an incapacity for independent thought. Eichmann became the protagonist of an apparently unexceptional experience: the absence of the critical thought.

  19. [Surgical technique for cesarean section of Eduardo Porro (1842-1902) and its significance for obstetric development. In the 150th anniversary year of the method's creator].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waszyński, E

    1994-04-01

    It has passed 150th birth anniversary of a great, Italian Obstetrician Eduardo Porro, author of a cesarean section technique consisted of uterine corpus amputation and suturing of the cervix stump into the abdominal wall incision. Eduardo Porro was born in 1842 in Padwa. In 1876, he became the Head of Obstetrics Department in Pawia, and since 1882, the Head of Midwifery School in Milano. He died on May 25th, 1901. That original cesarean section method was introduced by him in 1876. Its main idea was exsection of the uterus, infected at the time of labor. The operation was also performed because of other reasons, such as: wide uterine ruptures, osteomalation, spacions vaginal cicatrization, and uterine atony. In the second part of the 18th century, maternal mortality following so called, classical cesarean section was nearly 100 percent. Introducing the Porro's operative technique decreased maternal mortality to 58%. This method aroused an interest of cesarean section technique improvement at all. The twilight, of the Porro's operation took place in the 1920s as the new method appeared, elaborated by Adolf Kehrer--uterine lower segment transverse incision.

  20. The construction of human body--from model to reality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Motoc, A; Motoc, Marilena; Bolintineanu, S; Muşuroi, Corina; Munteanu, M

    2005-01-01

    The human body building represented a complex research topic for the scientist in the most diverse domains. Although their interests and reasons were different, the goal was always the same: establishing a relation to verify the ratio between the dimensions of the constituent segments It appears that the mystery was solved out in the XIX-th century by Adolf Zeising, a German, who, using the statistic calculus, defined the division of a segment by the gold section. This purely mathematic logic confirms the human body's integration in proportion to the finest segments, thus providing the technical instrument of building a fully harmonious human body. The present study aims to compare the ideal, the calculated perfection to the reality, namely the theoretically obtained values to the average values of an 18-year-old male. It appears that the differences refer especially to the limbs; both the superior ones and the inferior ones being longer comparing to the ideal pattern while the bust is shorter and broader.

  1. The origins of medical physics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duck, Francis A

    2014-06-01

    The historical origins of medical physics are traced from the first use of weighing as a means of monitoring health by Sanctorius in the early seventeenth century to the emergence of radiology, phototherapy and electrotherapy at the end of the nineteenth century. The origins of biomechanics, due to Borelli, and of medical electricity following Musschenbroek's report of the Leyden Jar, are included. Medical physics emerged as a separate academic discipline in France at the time of the Revolution, with Jean Hallé as its first professor. Physiological physics flowered in Germany during the mid-nineteenth century, led by the work of Adolf Fick. The introduction of the term medical physics into English by Neil Arnott failed to accelerate its acceptance in Britain or the USA. Contributions from Newton, Euler, Bernoulli, Nollet, Matteucci, Pelletan, Gavarret, d'Arsonval, Finsen, Röntgen and others are noted. There are many origins of medical physics, stemming from the many intersections between physics and medicine. Overall, the early nineteenth-century definition of medical physics still holds today: 'Physics applied to the knowledge of the human body, to its preservation and to the cure of its illnesses'. Copyright © 2014 Associazione Italiana di Fisica Medica. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  2. Opstand adelt? De rechtvaardiging van het politieke verzet van de adel in de Vlaamse Opstand (1482-1492

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jelle Haemers

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Can a Revolt be Ennobling? Justification of the Political Opposition of the Nobility during the Flemish Revolt (1482-1492This article analyses the political ideas of the late mediaeval nobility. In 1491, Archduke Maximilian of Austria accused three noblemen, Louis of Bruges, Adolf of Cleves and his son Philip, of lese majesty. The pleas made by the above-mentioned noblemen in this particular case are used to reconstruct their political ideology. The three noblemen maintained that service to the sovereign was one the most noble virtues of a nobleman, but they also considered that this political service had to be reciprocal. Using customary law, judicial treatises and political practices, they argued that the sovereign was the keystone of the political order, as long as he obtained advice from the noblemen when setting out his policies. He was also not allowed to violate any laws, traditions or privileges. These ideas had a long history in mediaeval political thought, and they would continue to dominate sixteenth-century society.

  3. Noor eesti teater ja Noor-Eesti. Young Estonian Theatre and Young Estonia

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    Katri Aaslav-Tepandi

    2012-04-01

    connections with either theatre: none of them worked at ”Estonia” or ”Vanemuine”, nor did they hold positions in the respective Societies or boards of directors; neither did they have direct influence as creators of a new dramaturgy.Indirectly, however, Young Estonia’s relations with the theatre were very strong: they might even be regarded as the creators of a new idea of the theatre. The Young Estonians’ manifesto for the theatre was Teatri-raamat (Theatre-Book, published on the occasion of the opening of ”Estonia’s” new building in 1913. The authors represented in the volume were Bernhard Linde, Johannes Barbarus, Johannes Semper, Jaan Kärner, Anton Hansen Tammsaare, and Gustav Suits. In Teatri-raamat, Young Estonians critically analyze the development of Estonian theatre, and its place in Estonian culture in light of modern European currents in the arts (psychological realism, symbolism, impressionism, and expressionism. In this article, the ideals of the authors of Teatri-raamat are closely examined and compared with the counterarguments published in newspapers 1916 by Karl Menning, who had by then left the position of director of the Vanemuise theatre. Finally, we will consider the connections between the Young Estonia movement and the dramaturgy of its time, more specifically that of three writers for the theatre: August Kitzberg, Oskar Luts, and Eduard Vilde. Kitzberg interacted intensively with the Young Estonians without sharing their ideals concerning modern art. His plays Tuulte pöörises (In the Whirlwind, ”Enne kukke ja koitu” (Before Cock’s Crow at Dawn, Libahunt (Werewolf, and Kauka Jumal (The God of Kauka were highly esteemed by the Young Estonians. A more indirect influence of the Young Estonians can be seen in the case of young Oskar Luts, who like his contemporaries, was influenced by newer, more modern currents, especially symbolism, along with models such as Hamsun, Strindberg, and Maeterlinck. Luts wrote his plays Laul õnnest

  4. Mostre e musei nei cinegiornali dell’Archivio Luce tra le due guerre / Exhibitions and museums in the newsreels of the Institute Luce Archive between the WWI and the WWII

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    Tommaso Casini

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Il patrimonio cinematografi co dell’Istituto Nazionale Luce raccoglie alcune centinaia di ore di fi lmati che riguardano la storia delle mostre e dei musei del ‘900 in Italia e non solo. Sin dalla sua nascita, nel 1925, il LUCE (L’Unione Cinematografi ca Educativa inviò i suoi operatori a documentare musei, gallerie e mostre, specialmente in occasione di visite ufficiali dei sovrani e di esponenti del regime fascista. Cinegiornali e documentari didattici sono visibili on-line sul sito dell’Archivio, e parzialmente anche sul canale dedicato di YouTube. Il contributo traccia una prima ricognizione di un vasto panorama di materiali documentari e informativi, dando conto dell’uso del mezzo fi lmico per documentare le esposizioni temporanee e i musei. L’importanza del materiale del LUCE, che a partire dal 1931 diventa anche sonoro, offre uno spaccato ancora poco conosciuto di questa forma di documentazione in relazione al coevo dibattito sui musei, tra propaganda e uso pedagogico dell’immagine. Vengono esaminate modalità e strategie di presentazione visive e testuali distinguendo tra gli i musei di archeologia, arte antica, arte moderna e contemporanea, considerando alcuni casi specifi ci di esposizioni temporanee come la Biennale di Venezia e la Quadriennale di Roma. La conclusione è dedicata ad una rifl essione sui viaggi di Adolf Hitler in Italia in rapporto al patrimonio artistico e architettonico. The film heritage of the National Institute Luce collects several hundred hours of footage covering the history of the exhibitions and museums of the ‘900 in Italy and beyond. Since its inception in 1925, the LUCE (The Union Educational Film sent his workers to document museums, galleries and exhibitions, especially on the occasion of offi cial visits of kings and members of the fascist regime. Newsreels and educational documentaries and that for some years on-line are also visible on the Archive audiovisual database, and partly also

  5. El concepto de límite en el B-Mu de François Roche

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    Eugenio Pandolfini

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available

    Resumen

    Algunos proyectos, como el Dusty relief/B‐mu (2002 de François Roche demuestran como edificios complejos, que toman distancia desde los modelos mecanicistas para referirse a nuevos paradigmas, se pueden interpretar y comprenderse  mejor gracias a un análisis perceptivo que acerca el proyecto de arquitectura a cuestiones como la relación psicológica del hombre con la arquitectura, el miedo al espacio, y las  patologías  vinculadas a la percepción y a las neurosis modernas.
    En este caso, aparte de las repercusiones que la fachada de  polvo podría tener en el ámbito de la ecología urbana, es interesante analizar algunos aspectos ligados a la dicotomía  entre forma externa y volúmenes internos para la que François Roche cita como referencia el raumplan de Adolf Loos, pero que presenta motivos para una reflexión vinculada a los aspectos  perceptivos.
    El artículo trata de analizar como François Roche proyecta sus edificios extremando la dicotomía entre interior/visual y  exterior/táctil, desarrollando así una nueva relación con el lugar. Roche diseña la fachada exterior del B‐mu autoimponiéndose  una limitación del sentido de la vista, a favor de una dimensión háptica del proyecto y lo hace envolviendo los ámbitos arquitectónicos más familiares de una interfaz abstracta y táctil.

    Palabras clave

    edificio, percepción, entorno, envolvente, límite

    Abstract

    Some projects such as Dusty relief/B‐mu (2002 by François  Roche demonstrate how complex buildings, which distance themselves from the mechanicist models in order to refer  themselves to new paradigms, can be better understood and interpreted thanks to a perceptive analysis.
    This analysis brings the architectural project closer to matters  such as man’s psychological relationship to Architecture, the fear of space

  6. Forensic evidence in apparel fabrics due to stab events.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kemp, S E; Carr, D J; Kieser, J; Niven, B E; Taylor, M C

    2009-10-30

    Stab injuries and fatalities have been reported to be the most common crimes of violence in several countries, particularly in those where access to firearms is restricted [J.M. Taupin, F.-P. Adolf, J. Robertson, Examination of damage to textiles, in: J. Robertson, M. Grieve (Eds.), Forensic Examination of Fibres, CRC Press, United States of America, 1999, pp. 65-87; A.C. Hunt, R.J. Cowling, Murder by stabbing, Forensic Sci. Int. 52 (1991) 107-112; D.A. Rouse, Patterns of stab wounds: a six year study, Med. Sci. Law 34 (1994) 67-71]. Analysis of damaged apparel may provide important information about the cause of death and the events leading up to and after the victim's final moments [M.T. Pailthorpe, N.A.G. Johnson, The private forensic scientist and the criminal justice system, in: D. Biles, J. Vernon (Eds.), Private Sector and Community Involvement in the Criminal Justice System: Conference Proceedings, vol. 23, Australian Institute of Criminology, Wellington, 1994, 231-240]. A high proportion of stab wounds occur in the chest and as this area is generally clothed many sharp force cases involve damage to fabrics [J.M. Taupin, F.-P. Adolf, J. Robertson, Examination of damage to textiles, in: J. Robertson, M. Grieve (Eds.), Forensic Examination of Fibres, CRC Press, United States of America, 1999, pp. 65-87; A.C. Hunt, R.J. Cowling, Murder by stabbing, Forensic Sci. Int. 52 (1991) 107-112; D.A. Rouse, Patterns of stab wounds: a six year study, Med. Sci. Law 34 (1994) 67-71]. The structural stabilisation and degradation of fabric due to laundering significantly alters fabric properties [S.E. Gore, R.M. Laing, C.A. Wilson, D.J. Carr, B.E. Niven, Standardizing a pre-treatment cleaning procedure and effects of application on apparel fabrics, Text. Res. J. 76 (2006) 455-464], yet the effect of such on severance morphology does not appear to have been investigated. In this work the effect of blade type (hunting knife, kitchen knife, screwdriver) on new and laundered

  7. Using BYOD (bring your own device) in lesson.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Naissoo, Tiina

    2015-04-01

    We live in rapidly advancing world. Our homes and offices are conquered by new technological achievements. School is a part of the society and many students use smartphones and tablet pc`s every day. Also they are very skillful with smartphones. It is very important that school and teachers give them advice how to manage in such miracle world and how to use this kind of equipment in studies. In the other hand teachers complain about their hand-operation, concentration and self-expression skills. So it is very important to use exercises for developing these skills. Also, when you do something practically, then you should do it actively and then it will be fixed better. I have made a lesson plan for learning animal and plant cell structures. First students need to read about cell structures and make animal and plant cell models using rope, noodles and different buttons. Then they used their smartphones and made a video where they explain meaning of the rope, noodles and buttons and what are the common share and differences between animal and plant cell. Example of the student videos you can see here: http://youtu.be/SH5oCpDRJPg https://docs.google.com/a/gag.ee/file/d/0Bz4muZaQGXADVlNrYTNkc2VxbE0/edit In feedback they said that it was very interesting and educational practical task. It was only one example how to use BYOD. In Gustav Adolf Grammar School we use BYOD a lot in different subjects. In today's school it's really important to link modern technology, surrounding environment and learning.

  8. Woodrow Wilson's hidden stroke of 1919: the impact of patient-physician confidentiality on United States foreign policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Menger, Richard P; Storey, Christopher M; Guthikonda, Bharat; Missios, Symeon; Nanda, Anil; Cooper, John M

    2015-07-01

    World War I catapulted the United States from traditional isolationism to international involvement in a major European conflict. Woodrow Wilson envisaged a permanent American imprint on democracy in world affairs through participation in the League of Nations. Amid these defining events, Wilson suffered a major ischemic stroke on October 2, 1919, which left him incapacitated. What was probably his fourth and most devastating stroke was diagnosed and treated by his friend and personal physician, Admiral Cary Grayson. Grayson, who had tremendous personal and professional loyalty to Wilson, kept the severity of the stroke hidden from Congress, the American people, and even the president himself. During a cabinet briefing, Grayson formally refused to sign a document of disability and was reluctant to address the subject of presidential succession. Wilson was essentially incapacitated and hemiplegic, yet he remained an active president and all messages were relayed directly through his wife, Edith. Patient-physician confidentiality superseded national security amid the backdrop of friendship and political power on the eve of a pivotal juncture in the history of American foreign policy. It was in part because of the absence of Woodrow Wilson's vocal and unwavering support that the United States did not join the League of Nations and distanced itself from the international stage. The League of Nations would later prove powerless without American support and was unable to thwart the rise and advance of Adolf Hitler. Only after World War II did the United States assume its global leadership role and realize Wilson's visionary, yet contentious, groundwork for a Pax Americana. The authors describe Woodrow Wilson's stroke, the historical implications of his health decline, and its impact on United States foreign policy.

  9. Soft Plastic Robots and Artificial Muscles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohsen Shahinpoor

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available Ionic polymeric materials suitably made into a functionally-graded composite with a conductor such as a metal, graphite or synthetic metal such as conductive polymers that act as a distributed electrode can exhibit large dynamic deformation if placed in a time-varying electric field (see Fig.s 1and 2 [Shahinpoor 1992, 1993, Adolf, Shahinpoor, Segalman and Witkowski, 1993]. A recent book by Shahinpoor, Kim and Mojarrad (2004 and 4 fundamental review papers by Shahinpoor and Kim (2001, 2003, 2004 and 2005 presents a thorough coverage of the existing knowledge in connection with ionic polymeric cond uctor composites (IPCC?s including ionic polymeric metal composites (IPMC?s as biomimetic distributed nanosensors, nanoactuators and artificial muscles and electrically controllable polymeric network structures. Furthermore, in reference [Shahinpoor, Kim and Mojarrad, 2004], methods of fabrication of several electrically and chemically active ionic polymeric gel muscles such as polyacrylonitrile (PAN, poly(2- acrylamido-2-methyl-1-propane sulfonic acid (PAMPS, and polyacrylic-acid-bis-acrylamide (PAAM as well as a new class of electrically active composite muscle such as Ionic Polymeric Conductor Composites (IPCC?s or Ionic Polymer Metal Composites (IPMC?s made with perfluorinated sulfonic or carboxylic ionic membranes (chlor-alkali family are introduced and investigated that have resulted in seven US patents regarding their fabrication and application capabilities as distributed biomimetic nanoactuators, nanotransducers, nanorobots and nanosensors. Theories and numerical simulations associated with ionic polymer gels electrodynamics and chemodynamics are also discussed, analyzed and modeled for the manufactured material.

  10. Social disorder and diagnostic order: the US Mental Hygiene Movement, the Midtown Manhattan study and the development of psychiatric epidemiology in the 20th century.

    Science.gov (United States)

    March, Dana; Oppenheimer, Gerald M

    2014-08-01

    Recent scholarship regarding psychiatric epidemiology has focused on shifting notions of mental disorders. In psychiatric epidemiology in the last decades of the 20th century and the first decade of the 21st century, mental disorders have been perceived and treated largely as discrete categories denoting an individual's mental functioning as either pathological or normal. In the USA, this grew partly out of evolving modern epidemiological work responding to the State's commitment to measure the national social and economic burdens of psychiatric disorders and subsequently to determine the need for mental health services and to survey these needs over time. Notably absent in these decades have been environmentally oriented approaches to cultivating normal, healthy mental states, approaches initially present after World War II. We focus here on a set of community studies conducted in the 1950s, particularly the Midtown Manhattan study, which grew out of a holistic conception of mental health that depended on social context and had a strong historical affiliation with: the Mental Hygiene Movement and the philosophy of its founder, Adolf Meyer; the epidemiological formation of field studies and population surveys beginning early in the 20th century, often with a health policy agenda; the recognition of increasing chronic disease in the USA; and the radical change in orientation within psychiatry around World War II. We place the Midtown Manhattan study in historical context--a complex narrative of social institutions, professional formation and scientific norms in psychiatry and epidemiology, and social welfare theory that begins during the Progressive era (1890-1920) in the USA. © The Author 2014; all rights reserved. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the International Epidemiological Association.

  11. Análise do uso da estratégia na segunda guerra mundial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adriana Bernadete Barros Carvalho Garcia

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to analyze the strategies and techniques used by the Nazis in Hitler's propaganda in order to convince a legion to follow their ideals. Amid the confused German scenario, the persuasiveness of words of Adolf Hitler and Joseph Goebbels had repercussions throughout the mass and thus managed to raise thousands of adepts to their thoughts Germany out. Hitler and Goebbels, with great harmony, spread their messages in the same tone, seeking to attract the population with a doctrine. The Nazi government until the end, used propaganda effectively to incite the German people to support his war achievements. The advertisement was a substantial factor to stimulate those who carried out the mass extermination of Jews and other victims of the Nazi regime and served to ensure that thousands of people become spectators of all that was happening: the racial persecution, mass extermination, which made them witnesses of all over the massacre. Hitler used the media to influence public opinion through the creation of the Ministry of the Reich, which aimed to ensure that the Nazi message was successfully transmitted. He used art, music, theater, movies, radio stations and press to send your messages, always with persuasive speeches, strong impact statements, preparing the people for war, insisting on a chase, seeking to generate a political loyalty. The triumph of Nazi propaganda was assured by repetition and consistency - the pillars of marketing and advertising - launched during the Nazi campaign by Joseph Goebbels. They were used with equal success, the public opinion control techniques, which unified the whole country and shaped the modern advertising.

  12. Dienogest in long-term treatment of endometriosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Schindler AE

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Adolf E SchindlerInstitute for Medical Research and Education, Essen, GermanyAbstract: Endometriosis is a chronic disease primarily affecting women of childbearing age, in which endometriotic lesions form outside the uterus, typically leading to painful symptoms, fatigue, and infertility. The symptoms of endometriosis may cause significant impairment in quality of life and represent a substantial economic burden to patients, families, and society. There is no cure for endometriosis; management consists of alleviating pain and other symptoms, reducing endometriotic lesions, and improving quality of life. Recurrence after surgical intervention is common, while the clinical evidence to support the efficacy and safety of many medications currently used in endometriosis is limited. Dienogest is an oral progestin that has been investigated extensively in the treatment of endometriosis in two clinical programs performed in Europe and Japan, including dose-ranging, placebo-controlled, active comparator-controlled, and long-term (up to 65 weeks studies. These studies demonstrated that dienogest 2 mg daily effectively alleviates the painful symptoms of endometriosis, reduces endometriotic lesions, and improves indices of quality of life. Dienogest showed a favorable safety and tolerability profile in these studies, with predictable adverse effects, high rates of patient compliance, and low withdrawal rates. This review article describes the clinical trial evidence that characterizes the efficacy and safety of dienogest in endometriosis, including two studies characterizing dienogest in long-term use. The relevance of these findings to the management of endometriosis in clinical practice is discussed.Keywords: dienogest, endometriosis, progestins, long-term treatment, quality of life, symptoms, pain

  13. [250 years of English psychiatry].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Freeman, H

    1996-08-01

    The history of British psychiatry is considered from five main viewpoints: clinical practice, the institutional basis, the legislative basis, lay perspectives of-mental disorder, and European influences. Its philosophical basis can be traced back to the work of the seventeenth-century philosophers. Thomas Hobbes and John Locke. In Scotland, both 'philosophy of mind' and new clinical methods flourished during its Enlightenment; the concept of 'neurosis' was developed by William Cullen. Around 1800, James Prichard's concept of 'moral insanity' became the foundation of modern work on personality disorder and psychopathy. The psychotic illness of King George III, beginning in 1788, led to greater public sympathy for the mentally ill. Attitudes since then have varied, with 'antipsychiatry' becoming very influential in the 1960s. By the mid-eighteenth century, specialised institutions for the mentally ill existed in a number of cities, there were also units attached to charitable general hospitals, but none of these continued after about 1830. The neglect of patients in private madhouses, prisons, and poorhouses led to increasing concern by Parliament, which resulted in the development of public asylums throughout the country. Severe legal restrictions on their activities were modified in 1930 and completely reformed in 1959. From the mid-nineteenth century, French and German influences became increasingly strong, but British universities played no active part in psychiatry until the 1950s. Psycho-analysis did not develop strongly in Britain, where the main contribution was through translation and biography, but some leading analysts came as refugees in the 1930s-as did other psychiatrists from central Europe. Another important influence was that of Adolf Meyer at the Institute of Psychiatry, London, particularly through Sir Aubrey Lewis; physical treatment methods also came to Britain from Europe. In the second half of this century, the most important British

  14. Thermocurrent dosimetry with high purity aluminum oxide

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fullerton, G.D.; Cameron, J.R.; Moran, P.R.

    1976-01-01

    The application of thermocurrent (TC) to ionizing radiation dosimetry was studied. It was shown that TC in alumina (Al 2 O 3 ) has properties that are suited to personnel dosimetry and environmental monitoring. TC dosimeters were made from thin disks of alumina. Aluminum electrodes were evaporated on each side: on one face a high voltage electrode and on the opposite face a measuring electrode encircled by a guard ring. Exposure to ionizing radiation resulted in stored electrons and holes in metastable trapping sites. The signal was read-out by heating the dosimeter with a voltage source and picnometer connected in series between the opposite electrodes. The thermally remobilized charge caused a transient TC. The thermogram, TC versus time or temperature, is similar to a TL glow curve. Either the peak current or the integrated current is a measure of absorbed dose. Six grades of alumina were studied from a total of four commercial suppliers. All six materials displayed radiation induced TC signals. Sapphire of uv-grade quality from the Adolf Meller Co. (AM) had the best dosimetry properties of those investigated. Sources of interference were studied. Thermal fading, residual signal and radiation damage do not limit TC dosimetry. Ultraviolet light can induce a TC response but it is readily excluded with uv-opaque cladding. Improper surface preparation prior to electrode evaporation was shown to cause interference. A spurious TC signal resulted from polarization of surface contaminants. Spurious TC was reduced by improved cleaning prior to electrode application. Polished surfaces resulted in blocking electrodes and caused a sensitivity shift due to radiation induced thermally activated polarization. This was not observed with rough cut surfaces

  15. Thermocurrent dosimetry with high purity aluminum oxide

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fullerton, G.D.; Cameron, J.R.; Moran, P.R.

    1976-01-01

    The application of thermocurrent (TC) to ionizing radiation dosimetry was studied. It was shown that TC in alumina (Al/sub 2/O/sub 3/) has properties that are suited to personnel dosimetry and environmental monitoring. TC dosimeters were made from thin disks of alumina. Aluminum electrodes were evaporated on each side: on one face a high voltage electrode and on the opposite face a measuring electrode encircled by a guard ring. Exposure to ionizing radiation resulted in stored electrons and holes in metastable trapping sites. The signal was read-out by heating the dosimeter with a voltage source and picnometer connected in series between the opposite electrodes. The thermally remobilized charge caused a transient TC. The thermogram, TC versus time or temperature, is similar to a TL glow curve. Either the peak current or the integrated current is a measure of absorbed dose. Six grades of alumina were studied from a total of four commercial suppliers. All six materials displayed radiation induced TC signals. Sapphire of uv-grade quality from the Adolf Meller Co. (AM) had the best dosimetry properties of those investigated. Sources of interference were studied. Thermal fading, residual signal and radiation damage do not limit TC dosimetry. Ultraviolet light can induce a TC response but it is readily excluded with uv-opaque cladding. Improper surface preparation prior to electrode evaporation was shown to cause interference. A spurious TC signal resulted from polarization of surface contaminants. Spurious TC was reduced by improved cleaning prior to electrode application. Polished surfaces resulted in blocking electrodes and caused a sensitivity shift due to radiation induced thermally activated polarization. This was not observed with rough cut surfaces.

  16. [On the history of barbiturates].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Norn, Svend; Permin, Henrik; Kruse, Edith; Kruse, Poul R

    2015-01-01

    Throughout the history of humanity, numerous therapeutic agents have been employed for their sedative and hypnotic properties such as opium, henbane (Hyoscyamus niger) and deadly nightshade (Atropa belladonna), but also alcohol and wine. In the 19th century potassium bromide was introduced as a sedative - and antiepileptic drug and chloral hydrate as sedative-hypnotics. A new era was reached by the introduction of barbiturates. The story started with the chemist Adolf von Baeyer. His breakthrough in the synthesis of new agents as barbituric acid and indigo and his education of young chemists was of great importance for the science of organic chemistry and the development of the dye and medicine industry in the late 19th century. The next important step was the development of barbiturates. The pioneers were Josef von Mering and Emil Fischer. Using the Grimaux-method they synthesized various barbiturates. It was von Mering who got the idea of introducing ethyl groups in the inactive barbituric acid to obtain sedatives, but the synthesis was succeeded by the chemist Emil Fischer. Experiments with dogs clearly showed sedative and hypnotic effect of the barbiturates and the oral administration of barbital (Veronal) confirmed the effect in humans. Barbital was commercialized in 1903 and in 1911 phenobarbital (Luminal) was introduced in the clinic, and this drug showed hypnotic and antiepileptic effects. Thereafter a lot of new barbiturates appeared. Dangerous properties of the drugs were recognized as abuse, addiction, and poisoning. An optimum treatment of acute barbiturate intoxication was obtained by the "Scandinavian method", which was developed in the Poison Centre of the Bispebjerg Hospital in Copenhagen. The centre was established by Carl Clemmesen in 1949 and the intensive care treatment reduced the mortality of the admitted persons from 20% to less than 2%. To-day only a few barbiturates are used in connection with anaesthesia and for the treatment of epilepsy

  17. Reflections on the concept “crisis”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jiří Šubrt

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available In the preface to the book “The Crisis of Our Age” its author Pitirim Aleksandrovich Sorokin argues that “every important aspect of the life, organization and the culture of Western society is in extraordinary crisis”. And he continues his words of prophecy: “Its body and mind are sick and there is hardly a spot on its body which is not sore” [Sorokin, 1948 (1942: 7]. Sorokin, of course, was not the only one who perceived their modernity as being in a crisis. T.G. Masaryk wrote about many aspects of the “crisis” of his time in the late 19th century. Georg Simmel studied the crisis of culture in the beginning of the 20th century [Simmel, 1983]; Sigmund Freud warned about the dangerous potential of human destructiveness, Oswald Spengler announced the “decline of the West” [Spengler, 2011], and Joseph Alois Schumpeter argued that cyclical manifestations of economic crises1 relate to the economy like heartbeat to a living organism. While Adolf Hitler was consolidating his power, Edmund Husserl [Husserl, 1972] lectured on “the crisis of the European Sciences”, and Georges Friedmann spoke about the “crisis of progress” [Friedmann, 1937]. The subject of “crisis” is still relevant and it continues to hold a special position in the context of the social sciences after World War II, when political and international crises become a frequently discussed issue. Since the 1970s the energy crisis and environmental crisis have been widely discussed. The late 1980s witnessed the collapse of the socialist system, and the onset of postmodernism emphasizes the issue of identity crisis. And that is not all: the warnings and critical visions of that time are highlighted also due to other concepts, which easily become an integral part of the conceptual luggage of social scientists from many countries – the concepts of “risk”, “catastrophe” and “collapse”

  18. Anatomy during the Third Reich--the Institute of Anatomy at the University of Marburg, as an example.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aumüller, G; Grundmann, K

    2002-05-01

    A complete documentation of German anatomical science and its representatives during the period of national socialism has not been published as yet--contrary to the situation in other medical disciplines. Instead of German anatomists, American anatomists have occasionally addressed this issue during their meetings and have reported on special aspects, such as the use of Nazi symbols in anatomical textbooks and atlases (Pernkopf 1952) and the use of corpses of justice victims for anatomical research and student education. Also, the genesis of the atrocious collection of "racial" skulls, initiated along with the SS-institution of the "Ahnenerbe" by the anatomist August Hirt of Strasbourg (who ordered more than 90 inmates from concentration camps to be murdered in the gas chamber built in the concentration camp of Natzweiler-Struthof close to Strasbourg, Alsace) has been described by Frederic Kasten and others. A broader view of the patterns of behaviour and political actions and fates of contemporary scientists, ranging from dismissal to clandestine opportunism, affirmative cooperation and fanatic activism can be obtained by the analysis of the activities in research, medical education and academic positions of the following members of the Institute of Anatomy at the Philipp-University in Marburg: Ernst Göppert, Eduard Jacobshagen, Ernst-Theodor Nauck, Adolf Dabelow, Helmut Becher and Alfred Benninghoff, whose activities and fates differ in several respects and allow more general deductions. Also, the individual fates of a number of prosecuted Jewish anatomists (Wassermann, München; Poll, Hamburg), of devoted and active members of the Nazi party (Clara, Leipzig; Blotevogel, Breslau) and of criminal fanatics (Hirt, Strasbourg; Kremer, Münster) are briefly discussed. The present contribution is an attempt to initiate a more detailed study of all German departments of anatomy during the Hitler regime and to generate a public discussion among the younger generation of

  19. Ideology and ethics. The perversion of German psychiatrists' ethics by the ideology of national socialism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singer, L

    1998-01-01

    As soon as Adolf Hitler came to into power in 1933, four laws on racial segregation and race protection were edicted between 1934 and 1935. Schizophrenia, manic-depressive psychoses, epilepsy and alcoholism were regarded as hereditary mental illnesses. These laws were responsible for the sterilisation of 350,000 individuals who were thought to be at the source of the propagation of hereditary illnesses which might endanger the health and the future of the Aryan Germans. On September 1, 1939, Action T4 was launched: it required that all the mentally ill be exterminated. This action, which was run by the highest level of the Reich's chancellery with the help of psychiatrists coming from all backgrounds including university professors, was supposed to grant a serene death to all the mentally ill considered as untreatable. The death sentences were carried out by the medical staff in psychiatric hospitals specially equipped with gas chambers. Following protests, Action T4 was officially stopped on August 24, 1941, but, in reality, continued until the end of the war. The death sentences were carried out using either lethal doses of medication or food deprivation. One hundred and fifty thousand individuals fell victim to that therapeutic extermination which played an economic role as important as the one deemed to social protection. Many German academics, researchers, psychiatrists, geneticians and anthropologists played and active part in these murders which were carried out in the name of Nazi ideology based upon the supremacy of the Northern Germanic race and the necessity to protect it from miscegenation, especially from Jews. In the final part of this paper, the author gives an explanation of the perversion of ethics carried out by German psychiatrists.

  20. The Path of Carbon in Photosynthesis [Nobel Prize Lecture

    Science.gov (United States)

    Calvin, Melvin

    1961-12-11

    It is almost sixty years since Emil Fischer was describing on a platform such as this one some of the work which led to the basic knowledge of the structure of glucose and its relatives. Today we will be concerned with a description of the experiments which have led to a knowledge of the principal reactions by which those carbohydrate structures are created by photosynthetic organisms from carbon dioxide and water, using the energy of light. The speculations on the way in which carbohydrate was built from carbon dioxide began not long after the recognition of the basic reaction and were carried forward first by Justus von Liebig and then by Adolf von Baeyer and, finally, by Richard Wilstatter and Arthur Stoll into this century. Actually, the route by which animal organisms performed the reverse reaction, that is, the combustion of carbohydrate to carbon dioxide and water with the utilization of the energy resulting from this combination, turned out to be the first one to be successfully mapped, primarily by Otto Meyerhoi and Hans Krebs. Our own interest in the basic process of solar energy conversion by green plants began some time in the years between 1935 and 1937, during my postdoctoral studies with Professor Michael Polanyi at Manchester. It was there I first became conscious of the remarkable properties of coordinated metal compounds, particularly metalloporphyins as represented by heme and chlorophyll. A study was begun at that time, which is still continuing, on the electronic behavior of such metalloporphyrins. It was extended and generalized by the stimulus of Professor Gilbert N. Lewis upon my arrival in Berkeley. I hope these continuing studies may one day contribute to the understanding of the precise way in which chlorophyll and its relatives accomplish the primary quantum conversion into chemical potential which is used to drive the carbohydrate synthesis reaction.

  1. Günther Anders’ Undiscovered Critical Theory of Technology in the Age of Big Data Capitalism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christian Fuchs

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Günther Anders (1902-1992 was an Austrian philosopher, critical theorist, political activist, and a writer of poems, short stories and novels. His works on the critical theory of technology have remained rather undiscovered. His main work Die Antiquiertheit des Menschen (The Antiquatedness of the Human Being appeared in two volumes and has thus far not been published in English. This essay reviews key aspects of Anders’ works and uses them to critically assess big data capitalism. It first discusses Anders’ concept of the Promethean gap; the gap between what humans can produce with the help of technologies and the capacity of imagining the negative effects these technologies can have. The essay also engages with Anders’ analysis of commercial television and radio. Anders sees capitalism as having catastrophic potentials. He argues that Auschwitz and Hiroshima are two symbols of 20th-century catastrophism. The article discusses Anders’ letter to Klaus Eichmann, the son of Adolf Eichmann, who was in charge of the organisation of the displacement and deportation of Jews in the Third Reich. It furthermore analyses the exchange of letters between Anders and Claude Eatherly, the pilot of an aircraft that supported dropping the nuclear bomb “Little Boy” on Hiroshima. Finally, the paper engages with Anders’ critique of Martin Heidegger’s philosophy. In the age of the Internet and big data capitalism, Anders’ warnings about the potential negative effects of capitalist technologies and capitalism remain of crucial relevance and have taken on new qualities. Anders’ philosophy is an undiscovered critical theory of technology that allows us to critically understand power structures in the age of big data and social media. Günther Anders and Hannah Arendt. Source: posted on Flickr as CC by acido nucleio, https://www.flickr.com/photos/guntheranders/4248063814

  2. Os Paradigmas da Lei no Pensamento de Hannah Arendt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gustavo Jaccottet Freitas

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available A legitimidade jurídica dos atos políticos é vinculada ao problema da Lei. Os elementos filosóficos do que diz respeito à legitimidade jurídica dos atos políticos são constantemente tratados nas obras de Hannah Arendt (1906-1975, como Origens do Totalitarismo, Sobre a Revolução e Eichmann em Jerusalém, além de estarem presentes no pensamento de outros autores, como Austin e Hart. A fim de contextualizar o pensamento da Autora, é necessário ter por conta que o Regime Nazista foi responsável pela prática de crimes contra a humanidade cujos precedentes não podem ser encontrados em nenhum documento histórico. Os delitos cometidos pelos Nazistas, todavia, não eram novidade. O genocídio, a tortura e a privação imotivada da liberdade já eram praticadas antes mesmo da antiguidade, porém não da maneira como o Regime Totalitário fez uso dessas ações ilícitas. Um único regime político foi capaz de conjugar uma série de práticas contrárias à dignidade da pessoa humana, de forma a negar a própria personalidade jurídica do ser humano. A engenharia usada para criar fábricas de morte, os sistemas de logística para o transporte de pessoas para essas fábricas e a maneira de como elas eram exterminadas e depois esquecidas tinha uma função institucional no corpo político guiado por Adolf Hitler.

  3. Karol Wojtyla: el surgimiento de una vocación a indagar por la verdad del hombre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrés Felipe López López

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available El incesante retorno de Karol Wojtyla al estudio del hombre y la defensa de la dignidad de la persona no son hechos producto del azar o del mero interés del pensador, sino que son resultado de la experiencia del fenómeno del totalitarismo durante el transcurso de la Segunda Guerra Mundial; además, sufrió todo el desprecio de la barbarie nazi y la posterior llegada del comunismo a su nación; estas “ideologías del mal” como él las llamó, dan cuenta de la naturaleza verdadera y radical del mal, del olvido del otro y de la desestimación sistemática por la vida humana. Este artículo es una descripción del ejercicio de poder y dominación ejecutados concretamente por Adolf Hitler a Polonia durante el paso de la guerra por ese país, tierra natal del Papa. El objeto de estudio es la comprensión, en términos de causalidad, del pensamiento de Wojtyla: personalismo y humanismo cristiano; los términos “totalitarismo”, “geopolíica”, “personalismo” y la figura de Hitler son esenciales. Los pensadores no se hacen solos, su temperamento es fruto del contexto en el que vivieron. En este análisis, para hacer más fina esa comprensión pretendida, son citados otros autores que han ampliado el horizonte de comprensión sobre el fenómeno citado, por ejemplo Hannah Arendt y Joan Carles Mélich.

  4. THE PATH OF CARBON IN PHOTOSYNTHESIS

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Calvin, Melvin (Nobel Prize lecture)

    1961-12-11

    It is almost sixty years since Emil Fischer was describing on a platform such as this one some of the work which led to the basic knowledge of the structure of glucose and its relatives. Today we will be concerned with a description of the experiments which have led to a knowledge of the principal reactions by which those carbohydrate structures are created by photosynthetic organisms from carbon dioxide and water, using the energy of light. The speculations on the way in which carbohydrate was built from carbon dioxide began not long after the recognition of the basic reaction and were carried forward first by Justus von Liebig and then by Adolf von Baeyer and, finally, by Richard Wilstatter and Arthur Stoll into this century. Actually, the route by which animal organisms performed the reverse reaction, that is, the combustion of carbohydrate to carbon dioxide and water with the utilization of the energy resulting from this combination, turned out to be the first one to be successfully mapped, primarily by Otto Meyerhoi and Hans Krebs. Our own interest in the basic process of solar energy conversion by green plants began some time in the years between 1935 and 1937, during my postdoctoral studies with Professor Michael Polanyi at Manchester. It was there I first became conscious of the remarkable properties of coordinated metal compounds, particularly metalloporphyins as represented by heme and chlorophyll. A study was begun at that time, which is still continuing, on the electronic behavior of such metalloporphyrins. It was extended and generalized by the stimulus of Professor Gilbert N. Lewis upon my arrival in Berkeley. I hope these continuing studies may one day contribute to the understanding of the precise way in which chlorophyll and its relatives accomplish the primary quantum conversion into chemical potential which is used to drive the carbohydrate synthesis reaction.

  5. ELABORAÇÃO DE CERVEJA COM DIFERENTES TEORES ALCOÓLICOS ATRAVÉS DE PROCESSO ARTESANAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andressa Einloft da SILVA

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available

    O presente trabalho teve por objetivo elaborar cerveja de alto e médio teor alcoólico, através do processo artesanal, verifi cando-se o teor alcoólico, a quantidade de açúcares totais e a aceitabilidade das amostras. Foram analisadas sensorialmente três amostras de cervejas: alto e médio teor alcoólico elaboradas por processo artesanal e outra industrializada adquirida comercialmente. Sessenta avaliadores não treinados receberam uma fi cha de avaliação, com os seguintes atributos: odor, sabor, aparência, textura, coloração e concentração de gás. Para a determinação de açúcares totais e teor alcoólico seguiu-se a metodologia descrita pelo Instituto Adolf Lutz. As cervejas elaboradas neste estudo tiveram menor aceitação na aparência, coloração, odor, textura, sabor e gás. A cerveja de alto teor alcoólico apresentou maior concentração de açúcares. O teor alcoólico não apresentou diferença estatística entre os tratamentos. Com isso, sugerem-se novas pesquisas relacionadas à produção de cerveja artesanal, pois o assunto é de grande relevância na literatura, de acordo com o consumo de cervejas no Brasil.

  6. Los hallazgos de armas en los campamentos romanos alrededor de Numancia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luik, Martin

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper provides an overview of the finds of arms and armour from the Roman camps around Numantia, i.e. the circumvallation surrounding the oppidum of Renieblas. Virtually all of the material presented was recovered during the 1906-1912 excavations led by Adolf Schulten. Since the conclusion of these research campaigns, there have only been isolated surface finds. The entire corpus of finds was drawn and - in part - photographed. The material was furher analysed and published as a monograph (Luik 2002. A particularly interesting result of this analysis is that there are relatively few defensive items such as body-armour or shield bosses. Offensive weaponry, and ranged weapons in particular, on the other hand, are frequent and include spearheads, socketed as well as tanged pila and various types of arrow and bolt heads. Interestingly, there are few swords or daggers, and little associated equipment parts. All in all, the presented fi nds provide a unique insight into the equipment and arms of the Roman Army during the Late Republic. At the same time, the corpus of material discussed and presented provides new information regarding the internal structure of the Roman Army at the time.

    Este artículo pretende ofrecer un panorama general de los hallazgos de armas en los campamentos romanos alrededor de Numancia (línea de circunvalación en torno al oppidum, Renieblas. Los descubrimientos proceden casi en su totalidad de las excavaciones que se realizaron en los años 1906 a 1912 bajo la dirección de Adolf Schulten. Desde entonces, sólo hay que sumar algunos hallazgos aislados. La totalidad de los objetos ha sido documentada y sometida a un nuevo estudio científico y, finalmente, se presentó en forma de monografía en el año 2002 (Luik, 2002 con resumen español: 173-sq. En general, llama la atención la reducida proporción de armas defensivas (corazas de discos, cotas de malla, umbo de escudos. Por el contrario, las armas

  7. Editorial Seminar.net Issue 3 Vol. 6

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yngve Nordkvelle

    2010-11-01

    reflected in the questions of each test they have developed and suggest functionalities for a future test tool to support an improved design process.Hugo Nordseth, Sonja Ekker and Robin Munkvold of Nord-Trøndelag University College present their joint article: “Tools for peer assessment in an e-learning environment”. They explore the functionalities of tools for peer assessment within the LMS used for two different topics taught at their college, in combination with a set of rubrics and a tool called “Six Thinking Hats”. They report that using these in combination stimulate students to write better assignments and provide a deeper understanding of the subjects taught.Arvid Staupe of The Norwegian University of Science and Technology, argues in his article “Experiences from Blended Learning, Net-based Learning and Mind Tools” that in spite of a strong increase in the number of students attending classes, it is possible to improve the quality of the course when blended teaching approaches are employed, using net-based learning material and mind tools, and founded firmly on an educational philosophy.The last article, by Ana Laws, of the University of Bergen, is about “Digital Storytelling as an emerging documentary form”. She claims that digital storytelling can be fruitfully studied using concepts and perspectives from documentary theory. She offers two definitions of digital storytelling and compares to how documentary filmmaking has been characterized. She further argues that contemporary discussions in the field of documentary theory are applicable to the ongoing theorising of “Digital storytelling” and therefore might benefit from the reflections on authorial responsibility and claims of realism and truthfulness in this area.[1] http://www.insidehighered.com/news/focus/technology/recent/pearson (accessed Nov.16.2010

  8. Risk for Arterial and Venous Thrombosis in Patients With Myeloproliferative Neoplasms: A Population-Based Cohort Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hultcrantz, Malin; Björkholm, Magnus; Dickman, Paul W; Landgren, Ola; Derolf, Åsa R; Kristinsson, Sigurdur Y; Andersson, Therese M L

    2018-03-06

    Patients with myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs) are reported to be at increased risk for thrombotic events. However, no population-based study has estimated this excess risk compared with matched control participants. To assess risk for arterial and venous thrombosis in patients with MPNs compared with matched control participants. Matched cohort study. Population-based setting in Sweden from 1987 to 2009, with follow-up to 2010. 9429 patients with MPNs and 35 820 matched control participants. The primary outcomes were rates of arterial and venous thrombosis. Flexible parametric models were used to calculate hazard ratios (HRs) and cumulative incidence with 95% CIs. The HRs for arterial thrombosis among patients with MPNs compared with control participants at 3 months, 1 year, and 5 years were 3.0 (95% CI, 2.7 to 3.4), 2.0 (CI, 1.8 to 2.2), and 1.5 (CI, 1.4 to 1.6), respectively. The corresponding HRs for venous thrombosis were 9.7 (CI, 7.8 to 12.0), 4.7 (CI, 4.0 to 5.4), and 3.2 (CI, 2.9 to 3.6). The rate was significantly elevated across all age groups and was similar among MPN subtypes. The 5-year cumulative incidence of thrombosis in patients with MPNs showed an initial rapid increase followed by gentler increases during follow-up. The HR for venous thrombosis decreased during more recent calendar periods. No information on individual laboratory results or treatment. Patients with MPNs across all age groups have a significantly increased rate of arterial and venous thrombosis compared with matched control participants, with the highest rates at and shortly after diagnosis. Decreases in the rate of venous thrombosis over time likely reflect advances in clinical management. The Cancer Research Foundations of Radiumhemmet, Blodcancerfonden, the Swedish Research Council, the regional agreement on medical training and clinical research between Stockholm County Council and Karolinska Institutet, the Adolf H. Lundin Charitable Foundation, and Memorial Sloan

  9. Belle de Zuylen / Isabelle de Charrière et l’incrédulité. De la correspondance à la fiction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laurence Vanoflen

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Existe-t-il une incrédulité pensable et dicible pour une femme de milieu cultivé, au siècle des Lumières ? C’est la question que soulève la correspondance, puis la fiction d’Isabelle de Charrière (1740-1805. Vers 1764, la jeune fille de l’aristocratie hollandaise fait l’expérience des difficultés et des limites de la liberté intellectuelle, et de l’exercice de sa raison face au puritain John Boswell, puis à son compatriote Van Pallandt. Dans ses fictions et sa correspondance ultérieures, elle prend de plus en plus de recul vis-à-vis de dogmes religieux ou de convictions dont elle n’est plus bien sûre, d’ailleurs, qu’ils influent sur les conduites. Sans pour autant réhabiliter la « femme esprit fort » dans son roman Caliste (1785, comme le l’affirme C. Cazenobe, la femme mûre s’approche de plus en plus d’un nécessitarisme à relents matérialistes, avec pour seul bémol l’affirmation du pouvoir instructif de l’expérienceIncredulity is not an easy or evident posture for a woman, even in the middle of the eighteenth century. This is what Isabelle de Charrière’s (1740-1805 correspondence and fiction suggest. Towards 1764, the young woman, raised in Dutch aristocracy, tested the gender boundaries of intellectual freedom and the exercise of reason, in matter of religion. She preferred pyrrhonism to the reputation of an « esprit fort », be it with regards to the Puritain James Boswell, her fellow countryman Adolf van Pallandt, or Constant d’Hermenches. This is underlined by what we learned from the recent publication of inedits by Kees van Strien. She takes greater distance from protestant dogmas and religious convictions after 1784 when she became a novelist. While she does not quite rehabilitate the woman’s « esprit fort » in her novel Calista (1785, as C. Cazenobe asserts, her letters show how she is quite close to materialist views about human freedom, even though the lessons of

  10. "Cognitive, emotion control, and motor performance of adolescents in the NCANDA study: Contributions from alcohol consumption, age, sex, ethnicity, and family history of addiction": Correction to Sullivan et al. (2016).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-10-01

    Reports an error in "Cognitive, emotion control, and motor performance of adolescents in the NCANDA study: Contributions from alcohol consumption, age, sex, ethnicity, and family history of addiction" by Edith V. Sullivan, Ty Brumback, Susan F. Tapert, Rosemary Fama, Devin Prouty, Sandra A. Brown, Kevin Cummins, Wesley K. Thompson, Ian M. Colrain, Fiona C. Baker, Michael D. De Bellis, Stephen R. Hooper, Duncan B. Clark, Tammy Chung, Bonnie J. Nagel, B. Nolan Nichols, Torsten Rohlfing, Weiwei Chu, Kilian M. Pohl and Adolf Pfefferbaum ( Neuropsychology , 2016[May], Vol 30[4], 449-473). A problem with a computation to invert speed scores is noted and explained in this correction. All statements indicating group differences in speed scores, as well as Table 5 and Figure 8A, have been corrected in the online version of this article. (The following abstract of the original article appeared in record 2016-00613-001.) To investigate development of cognitive and motor functions in healthy adolescents and to explore whether hazardous drinking affects the normal developmental course of those functions. Participants were 831 adolescents recruited across 5 United States sites of the National Consortium on Alcohol and NeuroDevelopment in Adolescence 692 met criteria for no/low alcohol exposure, and 139 exceeded drinking thresholds. Cross-sectional, baseline data were collected with computerized and traditional neuropsychological tests assessing 8 functional domains expressed as composite scores. General additive modeling evaluated factors potentially modulating performance (age, sex, ethnicity, socioeconomic status, and pubertal developmental stage). Older no/low-drinking participants achieved better scores than younger ones on 5 accuracy composites (general ability, abstraction, attention, emotion, and balance). Speeded responses for attention, motor speed, and general ability were sensitive to age and pubertal development. The exceeds-threshold group (accounting for age, sex

  11. [The German Ophthalmological Society (DOG) during the Period of National Socialism].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rohrbach, J M

    2006-11-01

    Sixty-one years after the end of the Hitler dictatorship, the history of the German Ophthalmological Society (DOG) has still hardly been investigated. According to different sources, especially the reports of the DOG congresses 1934, 1936, 1938, and 1940, the following picture can be drawn: 1. The seizure of power ("Machtergreifung") of Adolf Hitler was appreciated by most of the DOG members. 2. After a change of the constitution the DOG came under the control of the "Reichsinnenministerium". However, it escaped the egalitarianism ("Gleichschaltung") and remained relatively independent. 3. Approximately 40 % of the heads of the German university eye clinics who were the most influential DOG representatives were members of the national socialistic German working party (NSDAP). Almost all of these joined the party in 1933 or later. 4. Up to the last congress in Dresden, 1940, the DOG activities were quite extensive. After that time the activities strongly declined. 5. The "Law for the prevention of genetically disabled offspring" ("Gesetz zur Verhütung erbkranken Nachwuchses") from January 1st 1934 was intensely discussed by the DOG. Some prominent ophthalmologists and DOG members were at least in part responsible for the sterilisations because of "congenital blindness". However, as far as it is known, the DOG itself did not intervene directly concerning the practice of sterilisation. 6. Between 1932 and 1940, the DOG lost approximately 12 % of its members. Many of these stemmed from foreign countries, and many were German Jews. The latter left the DOG, as Walther Löhlein stated after the end of the war, "voluntarily". However, a main reason for leaving the DOG was very likely the feeling of being unwanted. The national socialism had several disastrous effects on ophthalmology. Although single DOG members participated in the excesses, the DOG as an organization was not directly involved. However, taking into consideration that more than 10 % of the members of the

  12. Syphilis, sex and psychiatry, 1789-1925: Part 2.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaplan, Robert M

    2010-02-01

    Syphilis has changed the course of history, shaped the path of medicine and had more influence on psychiatry than any other illness. This paper, part two of a two-part series, investigates the historical, social and cultural aspects of the interaction of syphilis and psychiatry. By the end of the 19th century, social changes such as population growth, mass migration from Eastern Europe and technological developments led to a great rise in syphilis. By 1900, it was estimated that 5-20% of the population of Europe and the USA had, or would have, syphilis. By 1914, there were over 100,00 new cases and 3 million cases of syphilis in Great Britain. There was a constant interaction between syphilis, prostitution and sexual crime; it was the likely motivation for the Jack the Ripper murders, if not many in the next century. The idea of hereditary syphilis fitted perfectly into the theory of degeneration and coursed through psychiatry and caught the attention of Adolf Hitler, facilitating his antisemitic paranoia. Psychiatric progress passed to the German school, led by Kraepelin who did his first research into the symptoms and course of neurosyphilis. In 1906, Wasserman's serological test for syphilis showed that latent lesions could be present. Any doubt about the cause of syphilis was finally eliminated when Noguchi and Moore demonstrated the presence of treponema pallidum in paretic brains in 1913. German academic psychiatry defined psychiatric practice for the next century but malariotherapy, the first physical treatment in psychiatry, was announced by Julius Wagner-Juarreg in Vienna in 1917, bringing hope to the incurable and destroying the climate of therapeutic nihilism that haunted psychiatry. The first trial of malariotherapy in Australia was done by Reginald Ellery at Mont Park Hospital In 1927 in Melbourne. The discovery of penicillin was a caesura, ending malariotherapy and leading many to regard syphilis as a night-extinct illness, but this turned out to be

  13. [German ophthalmologists and NSDAP

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rohrbach, Jens Martin

    2008-01-01

    Approximately 40-45 % of all German physicians joined the National Socialist German Workers Party (NSDAP) until 1945. Reasons for party membership are manifold and still a matter of debate. Very likely, the extraordinary high representation of medical doctors in the NSDAP was rather a result of active entry than recruitment by the party. There are only few data concerning the willingness of ophthalmologists to become a party member ("Parteigenosse", "Pg"). According to the list of University teachers in Germany ("Hochschullehrerkarte"; Federal Archive, Berlin), the list of the members of the German Ophthalmological Society (DOG) of 1934 and especially the list of NSDAP-members (Federal Archive, Berlin) the following conclusions can be drawn: 1. Directors of German University eye hospitals (chairmen) were members of the NSDAP with a frequency of 23% in 1933 and 48% in 1938 as well as in 1943. The motivation for joining the party was most likely the perspective of acceleration of the academic career. 2. "Only" 30% of the ophthalmologists working in private praxis were "Pg" (until 1945). 3. Both chairmen and ophthalmologists in private praxis were equally hindered to join the NSDAP between May 1st 1933 and May 1st 1937 when the party temporarily stopped registration. 4. The majority of ophthalmologists who joined the NSDAP were born between 1880 and 1900 and thus had taken part in World War I as soldiers or had experienced the times of need after WW I. Only few ophthalmologists succeeded in the NS-hierarchy and probably only one ophthalmologist, Walther Löhlein from Berlin, came in personal contact with Adolf Hitler who was constantly in fear for his sight after his eye injury in October 1918. The "Law for the prevention of genetically disabled offsprings" ("Gesetz zur Verhütung erbkranken Nachwuchses") from July 14th, 1933 separated ophthalmologists into two parties: those advocating sterilization to a high degree and those recommending sterilization only

  14. Strengthening the ties between university and school - Bilingual geography is the future for our multifarious subject

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barnikel, F.

    2003-04-01

    An incessantly growing interaction between numerous fields of human activity asks for an open-minded approach and interdisciplinarity. No subject matches geography when it comes to bridging the gaps between different aspects of human life. Geography does not only describe, analyse and explain the "natural" state of the world we live in, it does also connect the disciplines within the physical branch of the subject with disciplines in the human or anthropogenic part, which describes the state of the world "as is". Geography is, therefore, in itself multi-disciplinary. Considering the immense importance of geography as the subject dealing with our environment and facing the fact that it is this environment which is already endangered by the multiple forms of human interference, geography and its multi-disciplinary character deserve even increased attention. The growth of the world's population, future climatic change and shortages of natural resources add to the importance of geography as the one subject in school dealing with these problems. In our societies, which are constantly growing together in political and economic issues, the structures of communication additionally mainly rely on an easily accessible and widely spread language like English to serve the needs of modern international contact. In Bavaria, the signs of the times have been recognized quite early. Nearly 8000 pupils at more than 80 high-level secondary schools ("Gymnasien") attend bilingual teaching, a large part of which is performed in geography. The Adolf-Weber-Gymnasium serves as an example, since it has the largest group of pupils instructed in bilingual geography in Munich. Next term, more than 150 boys and girls from five grades will be taught geography in English. Our goal is, in contrast to concepts of bilingual teaching in some other German states, not only to improve the language capability of our pupils. It is more an investment in scientific propaedeutics. It strenghtens the ties

  15. The Swedish Bohus granite - a stone with a fascinating history

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schouenborg, Björn; Eliasson, Thomas

    2015-04-01

    One of the most well-known and well spread Swedish stone types used as building stones is the Bonus granite. It outcrops in an area north of Gothenburgh (SW Sweden), along the coastline, approximately 35 km wide and 85 km long. The granite continues into Norway as the Iddefjord granite. The Bohus granite is one of Sweden's youngest granites. Isotopic dating shows that the magma cooled at about 920 M years ago and thus marking the end of the Sveconorwegian orogoney. It is a composite granite massif area with several granitic intrusions but with rather homogeneous mineralogy. However, colour and texture varies quite a lot and the colour ranges from red to reddish grey although some pure grey varieties occur sparsely. The grain size ranges from medium grained to coarse grained and even with some porphyric parts. Quarrying in an industrial scale started 1842. The merchant A C Kullgren opened the first quarry and produced stones for the construction of the 86 km long Trollhättan channel connecting lake Vänern and the Atlantic ocean in the SW Sweden The stone was used for constructing harbors and wharves along the channel. Several quarries opened in the late 1800 around 1870 - 1890 and the export increased steadily with deliveries to Germany, Denmark, Holland, England and even to South America. The stone industries in Bohuslän (Bohus county), at its peak in 1929, engaged around 7 000 employees. During the depression in 1930 almost all of them became unemployed. However, as a curiosity, production and export continued to Germany for construction of Germania, the future World capital city ("Welthauptstadt Germania"), planned by Adolf Hitler and Albert Speer. About 500 stone workers were kept employed for this project during the late thirties. Today several varieties are still produced: Evja/Ävja, Tossene, Brastad, Näsinge, Broberg, Nolby, Allemarken and Skarstad. However, the number of stone workers is far from that of the early 1900. The Swedish production is mainly

  16. Testosterone deficiency: a historical perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eberhard Nieschlag

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available The biological effects of the testes and testosterone are known since antiquity. Aristotle knew the effects of castration and his hypothesis on fertilization is one of the first scientific encounters in reproductive biology. Over centuries, castration has been performed as punishment and to produce obedient slaves, but also to preserve the soprano voices of prepubertal boys. The Chinese imperial (and other oriental courts employed castrates as overseers in harems who often obtained high-ranking political positions. The era of testis transplantation and organotherapy was initiated by John Hunter in London who transplanted testes into capons in 1786. The intention of his experiments was to prove the 'vital principle' as the basis for modern transplantation medicine, but Hunter did not consider endocrine aspects. Arnold Adolph Berthold postulated internal secretion from his testicular transplantation experiments in 1849 in Göttingen and is thus considered the father of endocrinology. Following his observations, testicular preparations were used for therapy, popularized by self-experiments by Charles-Edouard Brown-Séquard in Paris (1889, which can at best have placebo effects. In the 1920s Sergio Voronoff transplanted testes from animals to men, but their effectiveness was disproved. Today testicular transplantation is being refined by stem cell research and germ cell transplantation. Modern androgen therapy started in 1935 when Enrest Lacquer isolated testosterone from bull testes in Amsterdam. In the same year testosterone was chemically synthesized independently by Adolf Butenandt in Göttingen and Leopold Ruzicka in Basel. Since testosterone was ineffective orally it was either compressed into subcutaneous pellets or was used orally as 17α-methyl testosterone, now obsolete because of liver toxicity. The early phases of testosterone treatment coincide with the first description of the most prominent syndromes of hypogonadism by Klinefelter, by

  17. "Tjednik bjelovarsko-križevački" (weekly journal: the importance of periodicals for the research in local history

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zorka Renić

    2009-04-01

    publishing and printing in Bjelovar was made by Adolf Kolesar whose printing outfit opened in 1885. Soon after the outfit opened for business, he started publishing the first newspaper bearing the title Tjednik bjelovarsko-križevački: newspaper for education, economy, social and public life. The first issue came out 1 November 1890, marking the beginning of the development of periodicals in Bjelovar and the District. Adolf Kolesar furnished the technical base for the onset of newspaper publishing in Bjelovar, but the major creators of the content of Tjednik were the long-standing members of the editorial board and reputed columnists, Professor Gustav Fleischer, and solicitor and politician Milan Rojc. Literature, so far published on this matter, stresses that Tjednik ranked among the best regional papers of its time. The paper started out by publishing only the news, curios, items of educational and didactic content, reviews, short stories, sports news and advertisements. Its ambition was to cover matters of interest and reach the readers of the entire Bjelovar-Križevci District, but it had no particular political ambitions. In 1907 the owner and the editorial board changed and the paper became a political bulletin for the Croatian-Serbian coalition, with greater emphasis on the state, political, communal, social and economic matters, important in the life of the District. The last issue came out 30 August 1919, after which date the name was changed to Demokratski glas and the publication became the bulletin for the Yugoslav Democratic Party. In 1924 the paper resumed the old name, Tjednik, but survived only a short time. The research for this paper was greatly impeded by a scantiness of sources, as there are only very few copies of Tjednik preserved in the State Archives and the Bjelovar Town Museum, whereas the Petar Preradović Library in Bjelovar does not own a single copy. Furthermore, there was the matter of reliability of the information found in literature, as it

  18. Jutustuse ja romaani vahel: Elisabeth Aspe linn. Between a story and a novel : Elisabeth Aspe’ s town

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    Elle-Mari Talivee

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available The following article analyses the description of towns in the short novels of Elisabeth Aspe: Kasuõde (Stepsister, 1887, Ennosaare Ain (Ain From Ennosaare Farm, 1888, Anna Dorothea (1891 and Aastate pärast (After Many Years, 1910. Aspe (1860–1927, one of the first Estonian female writers and an early realist, lived on the town border of Pärnu in south-west Estonia. During this historically interesting period, towns grew rapidly, but the ideology initiated by the national awakening movement concentrated on the idea of a nation being tightly bound to the countryside. Aspe’s works are like a litmus test of her time, and were influenced by German authors (Ottilie Wildermuth, W. Heimburg and Eugenie Marlitt, as well as by the Estonian national awakening period. Her first (epistolary novel is based on a pure opposition between the city and the country; in her later novels, the emphasis has changed: the contrasts are suddenly more ambivalent. One possible explanation is the impelling emergence of city thematics, and the early city novel replacing the village story – a process that began in Estonian literature at that time – resulting in a more complicated picture than a simple black-and-white opposition. This was a period of mapping, describing and exploring the townscape with curiosity and eagerness; also, it was a period of warning social criticism. For example, Eduard Vilde wrote a novel about factories consuming their workers, and men from country villages coming to a town. It was also a time of a fight for Estonia’s own town space, persuading the Estonian reader that he/she had the same right to live in towns, and even to govern towns, as the existing upper classes from other nationalities. In Ain From Ennosaare Farm, the protagonist has a double Estonian- German identity, belonging simultaneously to the town and to the countryside; finally, he acknowledges his ethnic origin. Throughout Aspe’s novels, the word “city” has a

  19. Eesti autobiograafilise kirjutuse kujunemisest 18. sajandist Teise maailmasõjani. The Development of Estonian Autobiographical Writing from the 18th Century to the Second World War

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rutt Hinrikus

    2012-04-01

    : “Märt Mitt`s life story, told in a manner connected with history”. Other recollections of Estonian peasants appeared at the very end of the 19th century, including Gustav Malts’ stories about Estonian settlers in the Crimea. Autobiographical writing oriented toward documenting somebody’s life was regarded merely as “material” and distinct from literary or fictional writing. With little persuasion, Gustav Malts handed over the first version of his memoirs to a writer; relying heavily on Malts’ manuscript, Eduard Vilde composed his historical novel Prophet Maltsvet in 1905–1908. Among the recollections of the peasants, the so-called Jaan Kuldkepp Chronicle is one of the most original. Jaan Kuldkepp uses folk history and family heritage, attempting in his Chronicle to combine fictional and documentary material. The first Estonian-language memoirs were published in the early 20th century, mainly at the end of 1920s and the beginning of the 1930s; by that time the generation who had received their education in the 19th century reached an age during which memoirs are traditionally written. Two writers who blazed the path were August Kitzberg (An Old Windhover’s Memories of Youth, 1924-25 and Lilli Suburg (The Suburg Family, 1923-24. They do not limit themselves to local historical events or the family history style of ‘what life was like in the old times’, but instead strive to give an overview of the characteristic socio-cultural processes of the period. The number of printed memoirs increased year by year, and by the end of the 1930s it amounted to ten books per year. The authors were mostly journalists and writers. There were few women writers, but their memoirs attracted attention. Lilli Suburg was one of the first autobiography writers, Marta Lepp was a legendary female revolutionary, and Mari Raamot was the founder of the Defence League’s women’s corps’ “Women’s Home Defence”. In the 1930s many of the prominent Estonian writers

  20. People and things. CERN Courier, Sep 1995, v. 35(6)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anon.

    1995-09-15

    Gunter Wolf is formerly spokesman of the ZEUS experiment at DESY's HERA electron-proton collider. He is also Chairman of CERN's Scientific Policy Committee. Sau Lan Wu is a member of the Aleph collaboration at CERN's LEP electronpositron collider. Their work, which was done in 1979 when all four were members of the TASSO collaboration, demonstrated that the gluons of the strong interactions were a physical reality. The existence of such three-jet events in electron-positron collisions had been predicted in a pioneer CERN Theory Division paper by John Ellis, Mary K. Gaillard and Graham Ross. There has always been keen rivalry between the four 1979 PETRA collaborations - JADE, MARK-J, PLUTO and TASSO. In recognition of this, and in an unprecedented move, the EPS Executive Committee has awarded a special complementary prize to the four collaborations 'for establishing the existence of the gluon in independent and simultaneous ways'. Also playing major roles in the 1979 accomplishments were Herwig Schopper, Chairman of the DESY Board of Directors at the time, and PETRA project leader Gustav-Adolf Voss, who ensured that such an excellent machine was built on schedule and within the allocated budget.

  1. El papel de España en la derrota de la Alemania nazi durante la Segunda Guerra Mundial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bertram M. GORDON

    2010-02-01

    Africa, down the West African coast, and possibly even into the South Atlantic and South America. Britain might have been forced to consider dropping out of the war. Surprised by the speed and thoroughness of their military victory in France, however, Hitler and his command structure had no plans for a follow- up other than to wait for Britain to surrender. When gradually in July and August Hitler and his aides began to consider the advantages of capturing Gibraltar and bringing Spain into the war, they had already made their armistice with the French with whom they had seduced themselves into visions of future arrangements in Africa, at the expense of Spanish interests. Hitler had little to offer Franco when they met at Hendaye in October 1940. Franco's role in keeping Spain out of the war at Hendaye was less significant than has sometimes been suggested. Indeed, Franco did promise at Hendaye to enter the war. Only after February 1941 did Franco work to keep Spain out of the war. The story of Germany's missed opportunities in 1940 highlights the importance of Spain in determining the direction the war took. Key Words: Second World War, military strategy, Spain, Francisco Franco, Adolf Hitler.

  2. M-learning in a geography lesson

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mirski, Katri

    2014-05-01

    their work in Google Earth where they did a tour of their journey. In the feedback students said that it was a very interesting and an educational practical task. A new opportunity in M-learning is to use QR codes. This means that you don't have to print out worksheets with questions. You can hide question in the code and students can read them with their own devices on site. From the Master's thesis I also developed a tutorial material named "M-learning in a geography lesson" (in Estonian: M-õpe geograafiatunnis), you can see it in the webpage katrimope@wordpress.com. The tutorial received a second place on the Estonian study material contest in 2013. This is only one example on how to use M-learning. In Gustav Adolf Grammar School we use M-learning in lots of different subjects because it's really important in modern school to link new technologies, surrounding environment and learning for the purpose of better obtainment of knowledge.

  3. Le sexe des indigènes. Adolphe Kocher et la médecine légale en Algérie The Sex-Lives of Indigenous People. Adolphe Kocher and Forensic Medicine in Algeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabien Gouriou

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available En 1884, Adolphe Kocher, élève de Lacassagne, publie une thèse de médecine intitulée De la criminalité chez les Arabes au point de vue de la pratique médico-judiciaire en Algérie. Authentique traité médico-légal à destination des médecins amenés à exercer en Algérie, ce travail constitue l’une des premières études systématiques, de langue française, sur la criminalité au sein d’un peuple colonisé. Après un bref rappel du contexte de rencontre du savoir médical avec la question coloniale, puis du contexte de réception de la thèse elle-même, une lecture critique se propose dans un premier temps de discuter la manière avec laquelle cette étude de la criminalité envisage, non sans paradoxes, la question de la responsabilité pénale de « l’Arabe ». Dans un second temps, il s’agit de montrer comment celui-ci devient peu à peu une figure exemplaire du criminel, en prenant pour illustration principale la catégorie médico-légale des attentats aux mœurs. Jusqu’où soutenir l’étude d’une sexualité indigène en tant que perversion édifiante d’un standard occidental sans définitivement l’indexer à une série exclusive de variations pathologiques ?In 1884, Adolf Kocher, a student of Lacassagne, published a medical thesis entitled De la criminalité chez les Arabes au point de vue de la pratique médico-judiciaire en Algérie (On criminality among the Arabs from the perspective of medico-judicial practice in Algeria. An authentic medico-legal treatise intended for doctors posted in Algeria, this work constitutes one of the first systematic studies, in French, on criminality in a colonial context. A brief review of the context in which medical knowledge encounters the colonial question is followed by discussion of the context of the reception of the thesis.  A critical reading unfolds in two parts: first discussing the manner by which this study of criminality envisions – not without paradox

  4. Substituição da gordura hidrogenada por óleo de soja na elaboração de pães de linhaça e avaliação da aceitabilidade Substitution of hydrogenated fat by soy oil in the elaboration of flaxseed bread and evaluation of sensory acceptance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valéria Alcântara Santos Calderelli

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available A semente de linhaça apresenta cerca de 60% de ácidos graxos ômega-3, os quais auxiliam na prevenção de células malignas, enquanto que os ácidos graxos trans podem levar a implicações nutricionais negativas. Foi objetivo do trabalho elaborar uma nova formulação de pão de linhaça com a substituição da gordura hidrogenada por óleo de soja. Foi verificada a aceitação e realizada a quantificação dos ácidos graxos trans e ácidos graxos ômega-3 e ômega-6 nos produtos padrão e modificado. Foram, ainda, avaliados parâmetros instrumentais de cor e textura. As análises físico-químicas e de composição centesimal seguiram as metodologias do Instituto Adolf Lutz e AOAC. Para determinação de ácidos graxos utilizou-se cromatografia gasosa. A nova formulação apresentou maiores teores de ácidos graxos ômega-6 e ômega-3 e de poliinsaturados em relação ao padrão. Inversamente, a quantidade de ácidos graxos trans foi significativamente maior no pão padrão. Não foi observada diferença na cor de casca, mas a formulação com óleo de soja apresentou miolo mais amarelado e maior maciez que o padrão. O pão formulado com óleo de soja apresentou boa aceitação sensorial.Flaxseed presents about 60% omega-3 fatty acids, which aid in the prevention of the growth of cancerous cells, while trans fatty acids can lead to negative nutritional implications. This work aimed at elaborating a novel formulation of flaxseed bread with the substitution of hydrogenated fat by soy oil. Sensory acceptance was verified and the quantification of trans fatty acids and omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids was accomplished in the modified and standard products. Instrumental parameters of color and texture were evaluated. Physical-chemical analysis and proximate composition were carried out according to Adolfo Lutz Institute and AOAC methodology. Gas chromatography was used to determine fatty acid composition. The novel formulation presented higher

  5. People and things. CERN Courier, Sep 1995, v. 35(6)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    1995-01-01

    institute atZeuthen, Berlin, and Gunter Wolf is formerly spokesman of the ZEUS experiment at DESY's HERA electron-proton collider. He is also Chairman of CERN's Scientific Policy Committee. Sau Lan Wu is a member of the Aleph collaboration at CERN's LEP electronpositron collider. Their work, which was done in 1979 when all four were members of the TASSO collaboration, demonstrated that the gluons of the strong interactions were a physical reality. The existence of such three-jet events in electron-positron collisions had been predicted in a pioneer CERN Theory Division paper by John Ellis, Mary K. Gaillard and Graham Ross. There has always been keen rivalry between the four 1979 PETRA collaborations - JADE, MARK-J, PLUTO and TASSO. In recognition of this, and in an unprecedented move, the EPS Executive Committee has awarded a special complementary prize to the four collaborations 'for establishing the existence of the gluon in independent and simultaneous ways'. Also playing major roles in the 1979 accomplishments were Herwig Schopper, Chairman of the DESY Board of Directors at the time, and PETRA project leader Gustav-Adolf Voss, who ensured that such an excellent machine was built on schedule and within the allocated budget

  6. Energy from waste. Vol. 2; Energie aus Abfall. Bd. 2

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Thome-Kozmiensky, K.J.; Beckmann, M.

    2007-07-01

    In the book under consideration, the thermal treatment in waste incinerators, in industrial power stations and in coal-fired power stations is in the foreground. Possibilities of gasification are described. The chapter 'Developments of thermal waste treatment' consists of the following chapter: (a) Maximal size of waste incineration plants (Johannes J.E. Martin); (b) Trends and highlights of the thermal waste treatment in Europe (Martin Brunner); (c) Utilization of waste heat from Vienna waste incinerators for the operation of a district cooling grid - Effects on the primary energy efficiency of district heating and district cooling in Vienna (Franz Schindelar, Alexander Wallisch); (d) Evolutionary plant development based on experiences (Hans-Peter Buechner); (e) Effects of increased chlorine freights at the cocombustion of secondary fuels at the site of the brown coal fired power station Jaenschwalde (Frank Mielke, Andreas Sparmann, Sven Kappa); (f) Refuse-fueled power stations and waste incinerators - different plant technology? (Hendrik Seeger); (g) Generation of fuel gas from high calorific wastes (Udo Hellwig, Michael Beyer); (h) Strength testing of steam vessels with increased testing pressure (Wolfgang Rossmaier). The chapter 'Energy efficiency of waste incinerators' consists the following contributions: (a) Evaluation of energy efficiency in plants of thermal waste treatment; (b) Scientific-technical and juridical rationality - a contradiction? Comments to the judgement o the VGH Baden-Wuerttemberg according to waste incineration (Bodo A. Baars and Adolf Nottrodt); (c) Determination of the energy efficiency in plants of thermal waste incineration - To the difficulties of equivalent values and calculation of the calorific value (Michael Beckmann, Reinhard Scholz). The chapter 'Optimization of the plant technology' contains the following contributions: (a) Stay a while - Considerations according to the first tank of thermal waste

  7. Dergilerden Özetler

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Osman Eren Karpuzoğlu

    2000-08-01

    Resulting from Assault Rutty GN, Busuttil A. AmJ Forensic Med Pathol. 2000, Jun;21(2:151-4. Nekrotizan fasiit subkutanöz dokular ve fasyanın genellikle mikst enfeksiyonu veya Gmp A Strepteco- ccus Piyogenes'\\e birlikte veya ayrı Stafilococcus Aenıs tarafından oluştunılan ilerleyici, ölümcül, hızlı, nekrotizan bir enfeksiyondur. Adli tıp uygulamaları sırasında karşılaşılan üç olgu sunulmuştur. İki olgu saldırı sonucu, ve üçüncüsü ise saldırı ve hırsızlık taklidi sırasında meydana gelmişti. Hikaye, olay yeri ve patolojik bulgular kısa bir litaratür özeti ile birlikte sunulmuştur. ADOLFS ANLARIN MADDE KULLANIMINA BAŞLAMASINDA ETNİK FARKLILIKLAR Ethnic Differences in Adolescent Substance Initiation Sequences Guerra LM, Romano PS, Samuels SJ, Kass PH. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2000, 154: 1089-95. Çalışmada; Amerikalı lise öğrencilerinin tütün, alkol, marijuana ve kokaine başlamasındaki etnik farklılıkları incelemek ve etnik kökenin yasal (meşru maddelerden yasa dışı olanlara doğru bir kullanım sırası izlenmesinde veya yasa dışı maddelere yasal olanlardan önce başlamada bir etken olup olmadığını belirlemek amaçlanmıştır. 1995 yılında toplam 8550 lise öğrencisi gruplama yöntemi kullanılarak, rastlantısal olarak seçilmiştir. Katılımcılar, madde kullanımına başlama sırasına göre; hiç kullanmayanlar, sadece yasal maddeleri kullananlar, önce yasal maddeler daha sonra yasa dışı maddeleri kullananlar (tipik, ilk önce yasa dışı maddeleri kullananlar (tersine durum, yasal maddeler ve yasa dışı maddeleri aynı zamanda (eş zamanlı kullananlar olmak üzere 4 kategoriye ayrılmıştır. Yaş, annenin eğitimi ve yaşanılan bölge istatistiki olarak belirlendikten sonra, yasal maddelerle başlayıp, daha sonra yasa dışı madde kullanımına geçmenin siyah etnik köken ve erkek cinsiyeti ile anlamlı derecede ilişkisi olduğu görülmüştür. Anneleri en az lise mezunu olan

  8. Obituary: Wulff-Dieter Heintz, 1930-2006

    Science.gov (United States)

    Augensen, Harry John; Geyer, Edward Heinrich

    2006-12-01

    Wulff Dieter Heintz, Professor Emeritus of Astronomy at Swarthmore College, passed away at his home on 10 June 2006, following a two-year battle with lung cancer. He had turned seventy-six just one week earlier. Wulff was a leading authority on visual double stars and also a chess master. A prominent educator, researcher, and scholar, Wulff was noted for being both succinct and meticulous in everything he did. Wulff Heintz was born on 3 June 1930 in Würzburg (Bavaria), Germany. Naturally left-handed, his elementary school teachers forced him to learn to write "correctly" using his right hand, and so he became ambidextrous. During the 1930s, Wulff's family saw the rise of Adolf Hitler and lived under the repressive Nazi regime. As a teenager during World War II, Wulff listened to his family radio for any news from the outside world. He used to say that he loved the blackouts during the bombing runs because it made it much easier to see the stars. On the night of 16 March 1945, Wulff's home town of Würzburg was heavily bombed, resulting in the destruction of eighty-five percent of the city and the deaths of several thousand civilians. One incendiary bomb landed on the roof of his family home, but Wulff climbed up to the roof and extinguished it before the flames could spread. The next morning, he discovered (with some delight) that his high school had burned to the ground. As Germany continued to suffer massive losses, teenage boys as young as fifteen were inducted into the military and sent off to replenish the troops. To avoid an uncertain fate, Wulff hid out in a farmhouse in the countryside outside of Munich. When the allied troops invaded Germany in 1945, Wulff volunteered to be a translator between the American and British soldiers and the local villagers. In return for his valuable service, the soldiers taught Wulff how to smoke cigarettes, a habit that he continued until his final days even after having been diagnosed with lung cancer. Shortly after the war

  9. Obituary: James Gilbert Baker, 1914-2005

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baker, Neal Kenton

    2005-12-01

    -tracking camera to support the Air Force's early satellite tracking and space surveillance networks. Because of his foresight, cameras were in place to track the Sputnik Satellite in October 1957. These cameras allowed the precise orbital determination of all orbiting spacecraft for over three decades until the tracking cameras were retired from service. He continued to advise top Government officials in the evolution of reconnaissance systems during the 1960s and 1970s. He received a Space Pioneer Award from the US Air Force. He received the Pioneers of National Reconnaissance Medal (2000) with the citation, "As a young Harvard astronomer, Dr. James G. Baker designed most of the lenses and many of the cameras used in aerial over flights of 'denied territory' enabling the success of the U.S. peacetime strategic reconnaissance policy." Around 1968, he undertook a consulting contract with Polaroid Corporation after Dr. Edwin Land persuaded him that only he could design the optical system for his new SX-70 Land. He was also responsible for the design of the Quintic focusing system for the Polaroid Spectra Camera system that employed a revolutionary combination of non-rotational aspherics to achieve focusing function. In 1958 he became a Fellow of the Optical Society of America (OSA). In 1960 he was elected President of the Society for one year and helped establish the Applied Optics Journal. He was the recipient of numerous OSA awards, spanning the breadth of the field, and has been honored with the Adolf Lomb Award, Ives Medal, Fraunhofer Award, and Richardson Award. He was made an honorary member of OSA in 1993. He also was the recipient of the 1978 Gold Medal, the highest award of the International Society of Optical Engineers (SPIE). Furthermore, he was the Recipient of the Elliott Cresson Medal of the Franklin Institute for his many innovations in astronomical tools. Dr. Baker was elected a Member of the National Academy of Sciences (1965), the American Philosophical Society

  10. Interesantes hitos de las Ciencias Médicas en marzo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Suárez Lezcano

    2015-12-01

    funda la Liga Contra el Cáncer. El 10 de marzo de 1855 se gradúa de médico en el Jefferson Medical College de Filadelfia, Estados Unidos, Carlos J. Finlay y Barrés. El 12 de marzo de 1847 el doctor Vicente Antonio de Castro publica en el Diario de La Habana un artículo, titulado Modo de operar sin dolor, donde informa haber hecho uso por primera vez en Cuba de las inspiraciones del éter. El 13 de marzo de 1854 nace en Strehlen, Paul Ehrlich, serólogo alemán. Es premio Nobel de Medicina y Fisiología de 1908, junto con Elie Metchnikoff, zoólogo y bacteriólogo ruso, en reconocimiento a que sus investigaciones permitieron dar un nuevo basamento a la teoría de la inmunidad. El 14 de marzo de  1825 comienza un servicio de guardias por una semana, para atender urgencias de medicina y cirugía. En el Diario de Gobierno se relacionaban los nombres de los facultativos de turno: 14 de marzo, doctor Agustín Encinoso y doctor Hermenegildo Rodríguez; en 1897 queda inaugurada la quinta Covadonga , hoy hospital Salvador Allende. Y en  1908 se reúne un grupo de personalidades médicas cubanas, entre las que se encontraban los doctores Juan Guiteras Gener, Arístides Agramonte Simoní, Diego Tamayo Figueredo, Hugo Roberts Fernández y otros, en los salones de la Junta Nacional de Sanidad, para dejar constituida la Sociedad Cubana de Medicina Tropical. El 15 de marzo de 1836 nace en Santiago de Cuba José Joaquín Navarro, graduado de médico en el New York Medical College. Al regresar a Cuba incorpora su título a la Universidad de La Habana. Ejerció como médico homeópata, introdujo nuevos medicamentos e hizo estudios originales de Botánica aplicada a la Medicina. En 1876, en la Convención Universal de Filadelfia, presentó un trabajo de fiebre amarilla que fue muy celebrado. Escribió el Manual popular de medicina homeopática. En  1854 nace Emil Adolf von Behring. Bacteriólogo alemán, nacido en Hansdorf,  integra la lista de los Nobel