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  1. Nucleoelectric energy in the Argentine Republic

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This text intends to reflect a coherent and sustained management in the Argentine nucleoelectrical policy. Through individual thematic unities connected between them, the basic structure consists of three principal parts. The first part introduces a broad panorama of atomic energy in the world, in the international treaties and organizations. Also the technical, economic and political aspects which had influence in the Argentine nuclear policies, particularly in the electrical production with nuclear power plants, are considered in this part. The second part describes the historical sequence of the principal achievements of the Argentine National Atomic Energy Commission (CNEA) in the nuclear industry. A mention of particular criteria adopted in each situation and the intention and motivations that guide the decisions are also considered. Finally, an actual balance of the nucleoelectrical technology situation in Argentine and in the world is presented. (Author)

  2. Radioactive wastes: the situation in the Argentine Republic

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The paper describes the present situation in the Argentine Republic relating to the treatment of radioactive wastes, the methodology used for siting a radioactive waste repository and the legal problems associated with the provincial jurisdiction on the chosen territory. It also describes related financing and nuclear liability problems (NEA)

  3. Progress of radiosterilization in the Argentine Republic

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The technological and economic advantages of radiation as a means of sterilization have led to a steady expansion of its use. With the significant increase in the radiosterilization of medical products, the health authorities have established standards for the use of radiation for that purpose. These standards will be incorporated in the next edition of the Argentine Pharmacopoeia. In general, Argentine legislation in this area is based on the IAEA's Code of Practice for Radiosterilization of Medical Products. The microbiology services of Argentina's National Atomic Energy Commission (CNEA) determine the number of viable microorganisms in each product and package the product before irradiation. The controls are carried out on random samples. At the same time, the chemistry laboratories carry out quality controls on new products which have received sterilizing doses of gamma radiation. The gas sterilization methods employed most widely in the industrial manufacture of thermolabile products involve the use of ethylene oxide or formaldehyde. The cost of this process is influenced considerably by the fact that Argentina has to import ethylene oxide. The low penetrating power of formaldehyde means that the package containing the product must still be open at the time of sterilization if an adequate safety margin is to be ensured; consequently, one needs sterile installations for the post-irradiation sealing of packages. The capital and operating coats of such installations are high. A comparison has been made of the costs of sterilizing 11000 m3 of a product with a density of 0.1 g/cm3 and the following relative values obtained: ethylene oxide, 399.2; formaldehyde, 947.5; gamma radiation, 166.0. Studies of the effects of sterilizing doses on certain pharmaceutical products have demonstrated that the radiosterilization of some drugs is possible. The CNEA has designed an installation for the radiosterilization of medical products; the installation would have a 500000-Ci

  4. From 1962 the teaching of Methodology of Radioisotopes is continuous in the University of Buenos Aires of the Argentine Republic; Desde 1962 la ensenanza de Metodologia de Radioisotopos es continua en la Universidad de Buenos Aires de la Republica Argentina

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rivera, E.; Cremaschi, G.; Martin, G.; Zubillaga, M.; Cricco, G.; Davio, C.; Genaro, A.; Bianchin, A.; Mohamad, N.; Klecha, A.; Calmanovici, G.; Goldman, G.; Salgueiro, J.; Nunez, M.; Medina, V.; Gutierrez, A.; Leonardi, N.; Bergoc, R. [Laboratorio de Radioisotopos, Facultad de Farmacia y Bioquimica, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Junin 956, 1113- Buenos Aires (Argentina)]. e-mail: rmbergoc@arnet.com.ar

    2006-07-01

    methodologies is dictated. Formation of university extension: f) Methodology of Radioisotopes like Technicature. From 1962, the training of technicians was made parallel to that of professionals. From 1997 a Specific Course of Technicians in Nuclear Medicine is dictated, with an own curricular organization and chord to the basic formation of the assistants and its particular professional expectation. All the courses are credited by the Argentine Nuclear Regulatory Authority (ARN). The approval requires of a written exam and a colloquy in which the assistants demonstrate to be able to implement the measures of radiological protection in their labor environments. In their dictation participate professionals of the more high academic level (Ph.D.) and noted member specialists of the ARN. (Author)

  5. Communication of 31 March 2000 received from the Permanent Mission of the Argentine Republic to the International Atomic Energy Agency

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The document reproduces the text of a letter dated 31 March 2000 from the Resident Representative of the Argentine Republic, including as attachment the declaration of the Advisory and Political Harmonisation Forum of MERCOSUR (Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay), Bolivia and Chile, issued on 27 March 2000, with regard to the 30th Anniversary of the entry into force of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons

  6. Training and the personnel accreditation of regulatory functions in the Argentine Republic

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Teaching and the training are indispensable for the development of the human resources in all disciplines and occupations of the man in the world scale. About the applications of the radionuclides in the nuclear industry, in Argentina, during the last years, the efforts have been intensified. The necessity of improving the capacity of answer in radiation protection and nuclear safety demands an focus integrated in the teaching and the training. The radiological protection and the nuclear safety presents elements of the applied physics, the chemistry, the biology, the nuclear technology and other specialized subjects. However, in relation with the development of the human resources, specially those that belong to regulatory bodies and perform inspection functions, have important differences, necessities and specific problems. Some differences and problems emerge of the wide diversity and reach of the radiological and nuclear applications. Nowadays, in the world, the applications of the radiation and radioactive sources are being diversified in the medicine (diagnosis, radiotherapy, nuclear medicine, the industry, the agricultures, and the investigation and teaching), that involve a permanent knowledge and actualization of the personnel of the regulatory bodies. For that exposed this work describe training program for the personnel with regulatory functions (inspectors) of the Nuclear Regulatory Authority in the Argentine Republic. Also, this document includes the description of the basic formation and specialized in each case and it reach. (author)

  7. Agreement of 13 December 1991 between the Republic of Argentina, the Federative Republic of Brazil, the Brazilian-Argentine agency for accounting and control of nuclear materials and the International Atomic Energy Agency for the application of safeguards

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The document reproduces the text of an agreement by exchange of letters with the Argentine Republic in connection with the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons and the Treaty for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean. The agreement was approved by the Board of Governors on 18 March 1997 and entered into force on that date

  8. Agreement of 13 December 1991 between the Republic of Argentina, the Federative Republic of Brazil, the Brazilian-Argentine Agency for Accounting and Control of Nuclear Materials and the International Atomic Energy Agency for the Application of Safeguards

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The text of the Agreement (and the Protocol thereto) between the Republic of Argentina, the Federative Republic of Brazil, the Brazilian-Argentine Agency for Accounting and Control of Nuclear Materials and the International Atomic Energy Agency for the Application of Safeguards is reproduced in this document for the information of all Members. The Agreement was approved by the Agency's Board of Governors on 7 December 1991 and signed in Vienna on 13 December 1991

  9. Communication received from the permanent mission of the Argentine Republic regarding guidelines for the export of nuclear material, equipment and technology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    On 11 May 1994, the Director General received a note verbale from the Permanent Mission of Argentina to the International Atomic Energy Agency relating to the export of nuclear material, equipment and technology. The purpose of this note verbale is to provide further information on nuclear export policies and practices of the Government of the Argentine Republic. In the light of the wish expressed at the end of the note verbale, the text of the note verbale is annexed hereto

  10. Communication received from the permanent mission of the Argentine Republic regarding guidelines for the export of nuclear material, equipment and technology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    On 11 May 1994, the Director General received a note verbale from the Permanent Mission of Argentina to the International Atomic Energy Agency relating to the export of nuclear material, equipment and technology. The purpose of this note verbale is to provide further information on the nuclear export policies and practices of the Government of the Argentine Republic. In the light of the wish expressed at the end of the note verbale, the text of the note verbale is annexed hereto

  11. The agreement between the Argentine Republic and Australia on the cooperation for the peaceful uses of nuclear energy and its fitting to the Argentine Constitution

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To analyze the legal aspects of the cooperation agreement between Australia and Argentina signed in Camberra on August 8, 2001, the authors elaborate upon the following points: 1. The interpretation of the constitutional texts. Its need; 2. Facts: the development of nuclear energy in Argentina. The contract INVAP-ANSTO. The cooperation agreement Argentina-Australia; 3. The great publicity campaign. The appeal to fear; 4. The difference with the case of power reactors. Distinction between power and research reactors; 5. The difference with the Chernobyl case; 6. Shipment safety; 7. Other clarifications; 8. Factual and juridical distinction between spent fuel and radioactive waste concepts; 9. The regulatory framework of the difference; 10. The essence of the adjective 'Immediate'. Its juridical meaning; 11. The concept of 'entry'. The need to overcome an intentional literalness; 12. The harmonious interpretation of the constitution; 13. The engagement with the future generations; 14. The adaptation to the global trends. The Kyoto protocol; 15. The bases of the constitutional doctrine. They conclude that nothing in the agreement is contrary to the Argentine constitution

  12. Activities with Argentina. Spring 1999. A U.S. Department of Energy Cooperative Program with the National Atomic Energy Commission of the Argentine Republic

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-06-01

    In 1989, the US Department of Energy (DOE) responded to the need to redirect resources from weapons production to environmental restoration and waste management by establishing the Office of Environmental Management (EM) and delegated to this office the responsibility of cleaning up the US nuclear weapons complex. Now in its eight year, EM`s mission has three central facets: (1) to assess, remediate, and monitor contaminated sites and facilities; (2) to store, treat, and dispose of waste from past and current operations; and (3) to develop and implement innovative technologies for environmental cleanup. To this end, EM has established domestic and international cooperative technology development programs, including one with the Republic of Argentina. Cooperating with Argentine scientific institutes and industries meets US cleanup objectives by: (1) identifying and accessing Argentine EM-related technologies, thereby leveraging investments and providing cost-savings; (2) improving access to technical information, scientific expertise, and technologies applicable to EM needs; and (3) fostering the development of innovative environmental technologies by increasing US private sector opportunities in Argentina in EM-related areas.

  13. Simulation of the park for electric generation of the Argentine Republic, analysis of its possible expansion with restrictions in the disposability of the fossil fuels

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this work one simulates, using the program MESSAGE, the generation park electric of the Argentine Republic and their possible expansion, with restrictions in the readiness of fossil fuels. This, as other models of planning energetics promoted by IAEA, optimizes the expansion of the net having as function objective the smallest cost in the system. 25 years they were simulated, adopting like base the anus 2000 and considering different scenarios of internal and external demands. It was analysed the increase of the demand with restrictions in the readiness of the natural gas in the winter periods, since the Argentinean electric system has a great dependence of this fuel. To cover the increase of the electric demand, were selected the machines and fuels, at the moment available, with more technical and economic possibilities. In the scenarios without restrictions to the use of natural gas the program selects to the nuclear power station of Atucha II, to the increase of bench mark of the hydraulic power station of Yacireta and combined cycles that burn natural gas. In those in that the supply of natural gas is limited, it selects previously besides the signal ones, other nuclear power stations, other hydroelectric projects and turbines of gas operating with gas oil to cover the top requirements. (Author)

  14. From 1962 the teaching of Methodology of Radioisotopes is continuous in the University of Buenos Aires of the Argentine Republic

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    . Formation of university extension: f) Methodology of Radioisotopes like Technicature. From 1962, the training of technicians was made parallel to that of professionals. From 1997 a Specific Course of Technicians in Nuclear Medicine is dictated, with an own curricular organization and chord to the basic formation of the assistants and its particular professional expectation. All the courses are credited by the Argentine Nuclear Regulatory Authority (ARN). The approval requires of a written exam and a colloquy in which the assistants demonstrate to be able to implement the measures of radiological protection in their labor environments. In their dictation participate professionals of the more high academic level (Ph.D.) and noted member specialists of the ARN. (Author)

  15. Protocol to suspend the application of safeguards pursuant to the Agreement of 26 February 1976 between the Agency, the Government of the Federative Republic of Brazil and the Government of the Federal Republic of Germany in the light of the provisions for the application of safeguards pursuant to the Quadripartite Safeguards Agreement between Argentina, Brazil, the Brazilian-Argentine Agency for the Accounting and Control of Nuclear Materials and the IAEA

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The document reproduces the text of the Protocol of 16 October 1998 suspending the application of safeguards under the Safeguards Agreement (INFCIRC/237) of 26 February 1976 between the Agency, Brazil and the Federal Republic of Germany in the light of the provisions for the application of safeguards pursuant to the Quadripartite Safeguards Agreement between the Agency, Brazil, the Brazilian-Argentine Agency for the Accounting and Control of Nuclear Materials and the IAEA. The Protocol entered into force on 21 October 1999

  16. Situation of the Science Libraries in Argentine

    OpenAIRE

    Gómez, Nancy-Diana

    2000-01-01

    The purpose of this work is to introduce the present-day situation of the Libraries of Science in the Argentine Republic, emphasising on there possibilities of access to information. The first division that we can do in this area is: special libraries and academic libraries. This is our starting point. We also point out the Programs or Projects originated in the Ministry of Culture and Education that directly affect the present situation of academic libraries, like the University Interc...

  17. National law of the nuclear activity of the Argentine Republic. (Sanctioned on April 2, 1997 and partially promulgated on April 23, 1997; B.O. 25-Apr-1997)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Argentine National State, will establish the nuclear policy and perform the functions of research, development, regulation and supervision through two organisations, the National Atomic Energy Commission (CNEA) and the Nuclear Regulatory Authority (ARN). The National Atomic Energy Commission will continue to function as an autonomous entity, depending from the Ministry of Culture and Education of the Nation. Among the activities under its responsibility it will have to advise the National Executive Power on nuclear policy issues, promote the training of highly-specialised human resources, scientific and technological developments, execute development programs, promote programs for technological innovation, perform the responsibility for radiation waste management, etc. The Nuclear Regulatory Authority will act as an aunotomous entity in the jurisdiction of the Presidency of the Nation and will be responsible for the functions of regulation and control of the nuclear activity in everything which is related to radiological and nuclear safety, physical protection and control of the use of nuclear materials, nuclear facilities, licensing and international safeguards and give advise to the National Executive Power. Both institutions will depend from a Board of Directors composed by six members, one of which will be the Chairman and they will be responsible for the actions to comply with the objectives and functions mentioned above. In its last chapter, the law declares as subject to the privatisation the activities of nuclear energy generation presently developed by Nucleoelectrica Argentina Sociedad Anonima (NASA), as well as the Nuyclear Fuel Cycle used for the nuclear energy generation for industry or research and the Production of Radioisotopes developed by CNEA. This law revokes the articles numbers 2, 5, 9, 11, 16 and 17 of the Decree-Law N' 22.498/56 (B.O. 28-Dec-1956)

  18. Agreement of 13 December 1991 between the Republic of Argentina, the Federative Republic of Brazil, the Brazilian-Argentine Agency for Accounting and Control of Nuclear Materials and the International Atomic Energy Agency for the applications of safeguards

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The document reproduces the text of an Agreement by exchange of letters with the Federative Republic of Brazil in connection with the Treaty for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean. The agreement reflected in the Exchange of Letters was approved by the Board of Governors on 10 June 1997 and entered into force on that date

  19. Agreement of 13 December 1991 between the Republic of Argentina, the Federative Republic of Brazil, the Brazilian-Argentine Agency for Accounting and Control of Nuclear Materials and the International Atomic Energy Agency for the application of safeguards

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The document reproduces the text of the Exchange of Letters concerning an agreement with the Federative Republic of Brazil in connection with the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons and the Treaty for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean. The agreement reflected in the Exchange of Letters was approved by the Board of Governors on 20 September 1999, and entered into force on that date

  20. Argentine republic intercomparation programme for personal dosimetry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    During the years 1997, 1998 and 1999 it was hold in Argentina, sponsored by Autoridad Regulatoria Nuclear (ARN) the first part of the intercomparison programme for personal dosimetry laboratories. The first aim of this programme was to know the true state of personal dosimetry laboratories in the country, and then to introduce the personal dose equivalent, Hp(10) into the dose measurements and to analyse the angular response of the different measuring systems. The personal dosimetry laboratories are 20, 12 of them belong to the government and the rest are private, they are distributed over all the country. The dosimetric detection systems are based, at a similar proportion, on TLD and films. The Physical Dosimetry Laboratory of ARN takes part in the programme as a verification laboratory. The dosimeters were irradiated in the Regional Reference Centre for Dosimetry of the Comision Nacional de Energia Atomica and in the ARN in radiation X beams, ISO WIDE SERIES W60, W110, W200 and Cs-137 and Co-60 sources. The dosimeters irradiations were performed kerma free in air and in phantom in order to study the availability of the service to evaluate the behaviour as a function of kerma free in air or the personal dose equivalent, Hp(10). The beam incidence was normal and also 20deg and 60deg. In order to know the operational conditions in each service for the dose assessment in normal and accidental situations high and low doses have been given to the dosimeters. At the same time several items have been asked to each participant referring to the action range, the detector characteristics, the availability of laboratory procedures, the existence of an algorithm and its use for the dosimeter evaluation and the wish to participate in a quality assurance programme. In this work the results of each laboratory and its performance based on the ICRP 60 and ICRP 35 acceptance criteria are shown. Also, the laboratory evolution and inquiry analyses have been included. At the same time suggestions for a better performance and the tendencies are presented. (author)

  1. Argentine radiation protection society

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Argentine Radiation Protection Society (SAR) is a non profit society, member of IRPA. It was originally launched in 1987 and a formal constitution was adopted in 1983. Presently, SAR has 220 active members, professionals and technicians dedicated to a variety of disciplines related to different radiation protection aspects: medicine, industry, research and teaching. The basic SAR objectives are: to promote research and knowledge exchange on radiation protection topics and related disciplines; to promote the comprehension of radiation protection criteria with regard to existence and handling of radioactive and fissile materials and any other radiation sources; to foster the conception of radiation protection as a professional discipline and to contribute to its permanent improvement; to promote the diffusion of the information related to all radiation protection and nuclear safety aspects, and radiation protection standards and recommendations, not only within the scientific, technical and academic areas, but also to general public

  2. Argentine National Pharmacopoeia (Argentine Codex Medicamentarius). 6. ed., suppl. 1982.

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Standards of mandatory application, established by Law No. 22729 of February, 1983, on radiopharmaceuticals and radiosterilization of products for medical use, issued as a supplement to the text of the Argentine National Pharmacopoeia. In particular, the general characteristics, identification and purity tests, radioactivity valuation, top date of utilization, and form of conservation of different radiopharmaceuticals are described. (C.A.K.)

  3. Simulation of the park for electric generation of the Argentine Republic, analysis of its possible expansion with restrictions in the disposability of the fossil fuels; Simulacion del parque de generacion electrica de la Republica Argentina, analisis de su posible expansion con restricciones en la disponibilidad de los combustibles fosiles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Giubergia, J.H.; Coppari, N.R. [Comision Nacional de Energia Atomica, Centro Atomico Constituyentes, Unidad de Actividad Reactores y Centrales Nucleares, Avda. Gral. Paz 1499 (1650) San Martin, Provincia de Buenos Aires (Argentina); Rey, F.C. [Comision Nacional de Energia Atomica, Centro Atomico Ezeiza, Presbitero Juan Gonzalez y Aragon 15, (B1802AYA) Ezeiza, Provincia de Buenos Aires (Argentina)]. E-mail: giuberg@cnea.gov.ar

    2004-07-01

    In this work one simulates, using the program MESSAGE, the generation park electric of the Argentine Republic and their possible expansion, with restrictions in the readiness of fossil fuels. This, as other models of planning energetics promoted by IAEA, optimizes the expansion of the net having as function objective the smallest cost in the system. 25 years they were simulated, adopting like base the anus 2000 and considering different scenarios of internal and external demands. It was analysed the increase of the demand with restrictions in the readiness of the natural gas in the winter periods, since the Argentinean electric system has a great dependence of this fuel. To cover the increase of the electric demand, were selected the machines and fuels, at the moment available, with more technical and economic possibilities. In the scenarios without restrictions to the use of natural gas the program selects to the nuclear power station of Atucha II, to the increase of bench mark of the hydraulic power station of Yacireta and combined cycles that burn natural gas. In those in that the supply of natural gas is limited, it selects previously besides the signal ones, other nuclear power stations, other hydroelectric projects and turbines of gas operating with gas oil to cover the top requirements. (Author)

  4. Appropriating "modernization" – indigenous anti-hegemonic resistance in the Argentine Chaco

    OpenAIRE

    S. Weißermel

    2014-01-01

    The incorporation of indigenous territories into the Argentine Republic must be considered as a complex process of colonization which encompassed space, the word and the body. It enabled the dominant settler society to establish socioeconomic and sociocultural hegemony. The example of the Toba community in Clorinda elucidates the extent to which hegemonic worldviews have infiltrated their self-perception and produced the barrio (urban district) and the campo (rural area), as...

  5. Influencia de compuestos azúcares y no azúcares en la calidad industrial de caña de azúcar en Tucumán (R. Argentina: Parte 1: caña limpia y despuntada Influence of sugar and nonsugar compounds on sugarcane industrial quality in Tucumán (Argentine Republic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B. Silvia Zossi

    Full Text Available Se estudió la concentración de compuestos azúcares y no azúcares, especialmente los que influyen en la formación del color y otros que inciden en el proceso industrial de producción de azúcar blanco directo, de las cuatro variedades comerciales de caña más difundidas en Tucumán (R. Argentina: TUCCP 77-42, LCP 85-384, CP 65-357 y RA 87-3. Estos ensayos fueron realizados durante las zafras 2004 a 2007 en caña limpia y despuntada. Los parámetros analizados fueron: extracción de jugo, Brix %, pol % en jugo y en caña, sacarosa y azúcar recuperable. Se estudiaron no azúcares inorgánicos, tales como cenizas, fosfato y sílice, y no azúcares orgánicos: fibra, almidón, compuestos antocianos y fenoles, nitrógeno amínico, ácidos cis y trans-aconítico, "indicator value" y color. De las cuatro variedades analizadas, la que mejor comportamiento presentó para producir azúcar blanco directo fue LCP 85-384, por su alto contenido en sacarosa y bajo contenido de componentes no azúcares. El segundo lugar le correspondió a la variedad RA 87-3, seguida por CP 65-357 y TUCCP 77-42.The concentration of sugar and nonsugar compounds, especially those which play a part in colour formation and others which affect direct white sugar manufacturing process, was studied in the four commercial cane varieties most widely grown in Tucumán (Argentine Republic: TUCCP 77-42, LCP 85-384, CP 65-357 and RA 87-3. Trials with clean cane were conducted during the 2004-2007 harvests. Analyzed parameters were: juice extraction, Brix %, pol % in juice and cane, sucrose and sugar recovery. Inorganic nonsugar compounds, such as ash, phosphate and silica, as well as organic ones, such as fibre, starch, anthocyanin and phenolic compounds, amino nitrogen, cis and trans-aconitic acids, indicator value and colour, were studied. Results showed that LCP 85-384 variety had the best factory performance to produce direct white sugar because of its high sucrose and low

  6. La inspección de primera enseñanza en Málaga, desde la II República al nuevo Estado The primary school inspectors in Málaga, from the Second Republic to the new State

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ángela CABALLERO CORTÉS

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo aborda la situación de la Inspección de Primera Enseñanza al comienzo de la II Repúbica Española y las disposiciones que posteriormente son dictadas con el nacimineto del «Nuevo Estado». Nuestro análisis pretende a través de la documentación consultada sobre el tema, poner de manifiesto en contenido de algunos Decretos y disposiciones publicadas en una etapa que abarca desde (1931 a 1939. En ellos se establecían la finalidad, del «cuerpo» se fijaban sus funciones, su distribución por provincias, así como la publicación por las Inspecciones provinciales del Boletín de Educación, como órgano de comunicación con las escuelas. Todos estos aspectos los hemos descrito en Málaga, analizando la composición de la Inspección Provincial, su ámbito de actuación, y las depuraciones que sufren en 1937, año en que la ciudad es «liberada por las tropas nacionales ».También reflejamos las «orientaciones y normas» dictadas en 1949, para las escuelas malacitanas.This article aproachs the suituation of the primary education inspection at the beginning of the Spanish republic and the dispositions that later are taken with the birth of the «New State». Our analysis claims to be able to show the contents of some decrees and dispositions published in a period that covers from 1931 to 1939 thanks to the documentation consulted about the theme. In them, aim functions of the «Porp» were established, as well as its provincial distribution and the provincial inspections, education bulletin publication, as comunication body with schools. We have described all these sides in Malaga, analyzing provincial inspection composition, its word enviroment in 1937, the year in wich the city is «liberated by the national troop». Whe also reflect «the orientations and rules» adopted on 1949 for the Malaga's schools.

  7. Intercomparison program of personal dosemeters in the Argentine Republic

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    During 1997, under the auspices of the Nuclear Regulatory Authority (ARN), its was held the third exercise of intercomparison of laboratories of personal dosimetry. The dosemeters were irradiated in X-ray beams ISO quality W60, W110, W200 and gamma sources cesium 137 and cobalt 60. The irradiation were performed kerma free in air and in phantom in order to study the capacity to evaluate both conditions. An extent range of doses (low-high) have been given 0.3 mSv- 20mSv in order to determine the operative performance o each laboratory. Over 19 laboratories of Argentina, participated 13 (65%) and finished the intercomparison 12 (60%) of them. The systems of dosimetry detection were based on film and TLD. During this intercomparison as inquiry about several items related with the laboratories have been made. In this work are shown the individual laboratory results of the intercomparison related with the acceptance curve criteria ICRP 60 and 55. (author)

  8. Tipología de las bibliotecas argentinas desde el período hispánico hasta 1830: Una primera clasificación provisional Typology of the Argentine Libraries since the Hispanic Period to 1830: A First Provisional Classification

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandro E. Parada

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo intenta trazar una breve clasificación de los distintos «tipos» de bibliotecas existentes en el actual territorio argentino durante la dominación hispánica hasta el año 1830. La tipología adoptada es, ante todo, una aproximación provisional y ampliamente perfectible. La contribución se dirige, en líneas generales, a quienes se inician en el estudio de la «Historia del libro, de las bibliotecas y de la lectura» en la Argentina. En este sentido, la bibliografía citada intenta suplir la falta de guías de estudio sobre esta temática. Las bibliotecas identificadas son las siguientes: de instituciones o corporaciones religiosas, particulares, pública catedralicia, pública conventual, pública, de sociedades de extranjeros (societarias, de institutos de enseñanza, circulantes (y gabinetes de lectura, y por encargo u ofrecidas por negociantes.This article tries to outline a brief classification of the different types of existing libraries in the present Argentine territory since the Hispanic domination to 1830. The typology adopted is, above all, a provisional approach greatly rectifiable. The contribution is aimed, in general terms, to whom start the study of the history of the books, libraries, and reading in Argentina. In that sense, the quoted bibliography tries to substitute the lack of study guides on the subject. The identified libraries belong to: institutions or religious corporations; private individuals; foreigners societies (i.e.: belonging to a society; educational institutes; and cathedral public libraries; conventual public libraries; public libraries; circulating libraries (and reading rooms; and libraries made to order or offered by businessmen.

  9. The worldwide expansion of the Argentine ant

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vogel, Valerie; Pedersen, Jes Søe; Giraud, Tatiana;

    2010-01-01

    the native range) and secondary introductions (from sites with established invasive supercolonies) were important in the global expansion of the Argentine ant. In combination with the similar social organization of colonies in the native and introduced range, this indicates that invasiveness did not...

  10. Leveraging the Potential of Argentine Cities

    OpenAIRE

    Muzzini, Elisa; Eraso Puig, Beatriz; Anapolsky, Sebastian; Lonnberg, Tara; Mora, Viviana

    2016-01-01

    OVERVIEW. FULL BOOK EXPECTED IN JUNE 2016. Argentina’s path to economic prosperity is through efficient, sustainable and economically thriving cities. Not only are cities a spatial concentration of people, but also they generate agglomeration economies by concentrating ideas, talent, and knowledge. Argentina is one of the most urbanized countries in Latin America, with 90 percent of Argentine people currently living in cities. Argentina’s cities are geographically and economically diverse, an...

  11. The Argentine-Brazilian fast reactor programme

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper summarizes the Argentine-Brazilian Fast Reactor Programme and gives reasons for the decision of a binational venture. The work carried out by both countries is described, showing how they complement each other, with the corresponding saving of resources. The main objectives of the Programme and tentative schedules in three progressing integrating stages are given and the present nuclear know-how in each country is identified as a good starting point. The paper also gives some details regarding the economical and human resources involved. (author). 1 graph

  12. Ninth Argentine congress on biology and nuclear medicine; fourth Southernmost sessions of ALASBIMN (Latin-American Association of Biology and Nuclear Medicine); first Spanish-Argentine congress on nuclear medicine; first Argentine sessions on nuclear cardiology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This work deals with all the papers presented at the 9. Argentine congress on biology and nuclear medicine; IV Southernmost sessions of ALASBIMN; I Spanish-Argentine congress on nuclear medicine and I Sessions Argentine sessions on nuclear cardiology held in Buenos Aires, Argentina, from October 14 - 18, 1991

  13. The application of radioisotopes in the Argentine technology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The different applications of radioisotopes: as sealed sources or tracers, as well as activation analysis have cast a new light on Argentine engineering and industry. The Argentine Atomic Energy Commission is carrying out an active plan for the developement and promotion of these techniques since the 60's. This report describes and analyzes the most outstanding applications, and brings up to date other previous papers on the same subject. It suggests some ideas for achieving a complete penetration of radioisotope techniques into Argentine technology. It also outlines some future perspectives, based on present statistical data. (author)

  14. Argentine-Brazilian declaration on common nuclear policy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The document reproduces the texts of the speeches made by the Presidents of Argentina and Brazil at Foz do Iguacu, Brazil, on 28 November 1990, at the signing of the Argentine-Brazilian Declaration on Common Nuclear Policy

  15. LES HYDROCARBURES EN ARGENTINE : RESEAUX, TERRITOIRES, INTEGRATION.

    OpenAIRE

    Carrizo, Silvina Cecilia

    2003-01-01

    Les réseaux d'hydrocarbures en Argentine ont vécu une restructuration brutale, lors de la réforme de l'Etat des années 1990. La dérégulation des activités et les privatisations des entreprises YPF et Gas del Estado ont induit la re-concentration du secteur, désormais sous l'empire des entreprises étrangères, dont Repsol YPF est le leader. La fédéralisation des ressources au bénéfice des provinces contribue à l'affaiblissent et à la décapitalisation de l'Etat. Ces changements ont entraîné une ...

  16. The Argentine remote monitoring and surveillance system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Scientific and Technical Support Department of the Argentine National Board of Nuclear Regulation (ENREN) has developed a Remote Monitoring and Surveillance System (RMSS) that provides a media to verify state of variables related to the monitoring and surveillance activities of nuclear facilities, mainly safeguard applications. RMSS includes a variety of on site installed sensors, an authenticated radiofrequency communication link, a receiver processing unit, an active vision set and a user friendly personal computer interface to collect, view and store pertinent histories of events. A real time data base allows consulting, maintenance, updating and checking activities. RMSS could be integrated into a LAN or WAN via modem for use in a remote operation scheme. In this paper a description of the RMSS is provided. Also, an overview of the RMSS operation at one facility under safeguards belonging to the National Commission of Atomic Energy (CNEA) is presented. Results and conclusions of the system associated with this facility are given. (author). 37 figs

  17. Pheromone disruption of Argentine ant trail integrity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suckling, D M; Peck, R W; Manning, L M; Stringer, L D; Cappadonna, J; El-Sayed, A M

    2008-12-01

    Disruption of Argentine ant trail following and reduced ability to forage (measured by bait location success) was achieved after presentation of an oversupply of trail pheromone, (Z)-9-hexadecenal. Experiments tested single pheromone point sources and dispersion of a formulation in small field plots. Ant walking behavior was recorded and digitized by using video tracking, before and after presentation of trail pheromone. Ants showed changes in three parameters within seconds of treatment: (1) Ants on trails normally showed a unimodal frequency distribution of walking track angles, but this pattern disappeared after presentation of the trail pheromone; (2) ants showed initial high trail integrity on a range of untreated substrates from painted walls to wooden or concrete floors, but this was significantly reduced following presentation of a point source of pheromone; (3) the number of ants in the pheromone-treated area increased over time, as recruitment apparently exceeded departures. To test trail disruption in small outdoor plots, the trail pheromone was formulated with carnuba wax-coated quartz laboratory sand (1 g quartz sand/0.2 g wax/1 mg pheromone). The pheromone formulation, with a half-life of 30 h, was applied by rotary spreader at four rates (0, 2.5, 7.5, and 25 mg pheromone/m(2)) to 1- and 4-m(2) plots in Volcanoes National Park, Hawaii. Ant counts at bait cards in treated plots were significantly reduced compared to controls on the day of treatment, and there was a significant reduction in ant foraging for 2 days. These results show that trail pheromone disruption of Argentine ants is possible, but a much more durable formulation is needed before nest-level impacts can be expected. PMID:19034574

  18. Reflexiones desde la Trinchera

    OpenAIRE

    Verónica Valenzuela; Ana B. Uribe; Karla Y. Covarrubias; Ma. Guadalupe Chávez Méndez; María Teresa Quinto; Ana Josefina Cuevas

    2007-01-01

    El hilo conductor de los textos de esta sección está formado por las reflexiones de colaboradoras estrechas de la revista, desde sus mismas entrañas y recovecos. Verónica Valenzuela, primera coordinadora editorial de ESCC, rememora la aventura (y la hazaña) de iniciar una revista académica hace dos décadas desde Colima. Ana B. Uribe recupera sus experiencias como segunda coordinadora editorial para repensar su formación académica al interior del Programa Cultura. Karla Y. Co...

  19. Carbohydrate supply limits invasion of natural communities by Argentine ants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rowles, Alexei D; Silverman, Jules

    2009-08-01

    The ability of species to invade new habitats is often limited by various biotic and physical factors or interactions between the two. Invasive ants, frequently associated with human activities, flourish in disturbed urban and agricultural environments. However, their ability to invade and establish in natural habitats is more variable. This is particularly so for the invasive Argentine ant (Linepithema humile). While biotic resistance and low soil moisture limits their invasion of natural habitats in some instances, the effect of food availability has been poorly explored. We conducted field experiments to determine if resource availability limits the spread and persistence of Argentine ants in remnant natural forest in North Carolina. Replicated transects paired with and without sucrose solution feeding stations were run from invaded urban edges into forest remnants and compared over time using baits and direct counts at feeding stations. Repeated under different timing regimes in 2006 and 2007, access to sucrose increased local Argentine ant abundances (1.6-2.5 fold) and facilitated their progression into the forest up to 73 +/- 21% of 50-m transects. Resource removal caused an expected decrease in Argentine ant densities in 2006, in conjunction with their retreat to the urban/forest boundary. However, in 2007, Argentine ant numbers unexpectedly continued to increase in the absence of sugar stations, possibly through access to alternative resources or conditions not available the previous year such as honeydew-excreting Hemiptera. Our results showed that supplementing carbohydrate supply facilitates invasion of natural habitat by Argentine ants. This is particularly evident where Argentine ants continued to thrive following sugar station removal. PMID:19452171

  20. Re-defining Anglo-Argentine literature: from travel writing to travelling identities

    OpenAIRE

    Ferradas, Claudia Mónica

    2011-01-01

    This study proposes a definition of Anglo-Argentine literature, a literary corpus that has not been explicitly defined, and provides a reading list of Anglo-Argentine works on the basis of that definition. The research is based on the presupposition that Anglo-Argentine texts can be used to contribute to an intercultural approach to language and literature teaching in the Argentine higher education context. Such texts can encourage reflection on how writing on Argentina in English has co...

  1. Detrimental effects of highly efficient interference competition: invasive Argentine ants outcompete native ants at toxic baits.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buczkowski, Grzegorz; Bennett, Gary W

    2008-06-01

    The Argentine ant (Linepithema humile) is an invasive species that disrupts the balance of natural ecosystems by displacing indigenous ant species throughout its introduced range. Previous studies that examined the mechanisms by which Argentine ants attain ecological dominance showed that superior interference and exploitation competition are key to the successful displacement of native ant species. The objective of this research was to test the hypothesis that effective interference competition by Argentine ants may also be detrimental to the survival of Argentine ant colonies where Argentine ants and native ants compete at toxic baits used to slow the spread of Argentine ants. To study this hypothesis, we examined the competitive interactions between Argentine ants and native odorous house ants, Tapinoma sessile, in the presence and absence of toxic baits. Results showed that Argentine ants aggressively outcompete T. sessile from toxic baits through efficient interference competition and monopolize bait resources. This has severe negative consequences for the survival of Argentine ants as colonies succumb to the toxic effects of the bait. In turn, T. sessile avoid areas occupied by Argentine ants, give up baits, and consequently suffer minimal mortality. Our results provide experimental evidence that highly efficient interference competition may have negative consequences for Argentine ants in areas where toxic baits are used and may provide a basis for designing innovative management programs for Argentine ants. Such programs would have the double benefit of selectively eliminating the invasive species while simultaneously protecting native ants from the toxic effects of baits. PMID:18559180

  2. URINARY INCONTINENCE: KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDES, AND PREVALENCE AMONG OLDER ARGENTINE FEMALES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jauregui JR

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: This study aimed to investigate the knowledge and attitudes of Argentine women 65 years of age and older regarding urinary incontinence (UI. Methods: A cross-sectional study of 238 community-dwelling Argentine women 65 years of age and older was conducted in San Justo, Argentina. Data were collected by in-person interviews. Results: Regarding knowledge, 232 (97.5% of the women surveyed were familiar with the term urinary incontinence, but 152 (63.9% falsely believed that UI is a normal part of aging and 163 (68.5% did not know about pelvic exercises or a surgical option to treat UI. A total of 106 (44.5% women reported symptoms of UI. Discussion: Older Argentine women are misinformed about UI. Interventions are necessary to increase their knowledge and healthcare seeking behaviors.

  3. The Text of the Agreement of 22 July 1977 between Argentina and the Agency for the Application of Safeguards in connection with a Contract Concluded between the Comision Nacional de Energia Atomica (Argentina) and the Reactor Brennelement Union Gmbh Hanau (Federal Republic Of Germany) for Co-Operation in The Field of Fabrication of Fuel Elements for Peaceful Nuclear Activities

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Agreement between the Republic of Argentina, the Federative Republic of Brazil, the Brazilian-Argentine Agency for Accounting and Control of Nuclear Materials and the International Atomic Energy Agency for the Application of Safeguards came into force on 4 March 1994

  4. Argentine intercomparison programme for personal dosimetry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: In 1997 began in Argentine, sponsored by Nuclear Regulatory Authority (ARN) the intercomparison program for personal dosimetry laboratories, on a voluntary basis. Up to know 6 exercises have been done. The program began with a workshop to present the quantities, personal dose equivalent, Hp(10) and extremities dose equivalent, Hs(d). The first aim of this program was to know the true sate of personal dosimetry laboratories in the country, and then introduce the personal dose equivalent, Hp(10) into the dose measurements. The Regional Reference Center for Dosimetry (CCR), belonging to CNEA and the Physical Dosimetry Laboratory of ARN performed the irradiation. Those were done air free and on ICRU phantom, using x-ray, quality ISO: W60, W110 and W200; and 137Cs and 60Co gamma rays. The irradiation was made following ISO 4037 (2) recommendations. There are studied the dose, energy and angular response of the different measuring system. The range of the dose analyzed was from 0.2 mSv up to 80 mSv. The beam incidence was normal and also 20o and 60o. The dosimeters irradiation's were performed kerma in free in air and in phantom in order to study the availability of the service to evaluate the behavior as a function of kerma free in air or Hp(10). At the same time several items have been asked to each participant referring to the action range, the detectors characteristics, the laboratory procedures, the existence of an algorithm and its use for the dosimeter evaluation and the wish to participate in a quality assurance program. The program worked in writing a standard of personal dosimetry laboratories, that was published in 2001. In this work the results of each laboratory and its performance based on the ICRP-60 and ICRP-35 acceptance criteria are shown. Also the laboratory evolution and inquiry analyses have been included. (author)

  5. Maintaining Roads : The Argentine Experience with Output-Based Contracts

    OpenAIRE

    Liautaud, Gerard

    2001-01-01

    The Argentine government is using output-based contracts with the private sector for rehabilitation and maintenance of its nonconcessioned road network. The multiyear lump sum contracts, funded by the government, specify required road service outputs and use incentive-based payment schedules to ensure the quality of the work. After three years of operation the 60 contracts (averaging US$10...

  6. Sino-Argentine SLR station making new progress

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    @@ The Sino-Argentine satellite laser ranging (SLR) system ranks second in the pass total of satellites it has observed among the SLR satellite observatories worldwide, according to statistics of the International Laser Ranging Service from October 2007 to September 2008. In addition, it tops the world in observing high orbit satellites, a difficult task to perform.

  7. A view on the future of Argentine nuclear exports

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In order to anticipate the possibilities of future nuclear technology exports, the technological capacities of the organizations and companies that make up the Argentine nuclear sector are analyzed together with the evolution of their possible markets. The main export opportunities are seen in the field of the research reactors, nuclear fuel elements, heavy water and radioisotopes for medical and industrial applications

  8. Czech Republic

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Nešpor, Zdeněk

    Los Angeles : Sage , 2012 - (Juergensmeyer, M.; Roof, W.), s. 275 ISBN 9780761927297 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z70280505 Keywords : Czech Republic * religion * sociology of religion Subject RIV: AO - Sociology, Demography

  9. Lithologic identification and characterization using ETM+ (Landsat 7. Study case of the Upsala glacier basin, Argentine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Lo Vecchio

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The object of this study aims to evaluate and analyze digital image processing techniques applied to the Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus (ETM+, in order to demark and characterize the outcropping lithologies on the Upsala Glacier basin, Santa Cruz, Argentine Republic. The prolific technological and spatial development experienced in the last decades has given place to the generation, without precedents, of multiple remote sensors capable of capturing information of the terrestrial surface and also the improvement of digital image processing techniques and software; amongst them, the amazing possibilities in the detection and differentiation of diverse covers present on the terrestrial surface can be highlighted, such as glaciers, volcanoes, vegetation, soils, water, types of rock outcrops, etc. This situation improves mapping and monitoring of natural phenomenon in the Earth Sciences field. The proposed methodology includes radiometric corrections, elimination of unwanted covers, statistical evaluation in the combination of the most appropriate bands, application of the Z index, discretization of the statistical series, entailing tasks of spectral classification with field samples and a later validation. Valuable results were obtained by means of digital processing of images, that were validated yielding a 82% of accuracy in the proposed classification, which are good results taking into account the diversity of covers present and the lithological heterogeneity that makes up each pixel (30m. These results were also validated with existing geological maps, obtaining a good agreement.

  10. Networks in Argentine agriculture: a multiple-case study approach

    OpenAIRE

    Sebastián Senesi; Fabio Ribas Chaddad; Hernán Palau

    2013-01-01

    Argentina is among the four largest producers of soybeans, sunflower, corn, and wheat, among other agricultural products. Institutional and policy changes during the 1990s fostered the development of Argentine agriculture and the introduction of innovative process and product technologies (no-till, agrochemicals, GMO, GPS) and new investments in modern, large-scale sunflower and soybean processing plants. In addition to technological changes, a "quiet revolution" occurred in the way agricultu...

  11. Liquid baits control Argentine ants sustainably in coastal vineyards

    OpenAIRE

    Cooper, Monica L; Daane, Kent M.; Nelson, Erik H; Varela, Lucia G; Battany, Mark; Tsutsui, Neil D.; Rust, M K

    2008-01-01

    Liquid ant baits are an alternative to broad-spectrum insecticide sprays conventionally used to control Argentine ants. We review the development of liquid ant baits, which capitalize on the ants’ sugar-feeding requirements and social structure to deliver small doses of toxicant throughout the colony. The ant bait program described here, developed for commercial vineyards, also has the potential to facilitate the use of biological controls for mealybug and scale pests. The implementation of a...

  12. Other-initiated repair in Argentine Sign Language

    OpenAIRE

    Manrique Elizabeth

    2016-01-01

    Other-initiated repair is an essential interactional practice to secure mutual understanding in everyday interaction. This article presents evidence from a large conversational corpus of a sign language, showing that signers of Argentine Sign Language (Lengua de Señas Argentina or ‘LSA’), like users of spoken languages, use a systematic set of linguistic formats and practices to indicate troubles of signing, seeing and understanding. The general aim of this article is to provide a...

  13. desde su cultura

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luz Ángela Argote O.

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Para explorar las prácticas sobre protección y cuidado durante la transición del climaterio a la menopausia se llevó a cabo un estudio en mujeres colombianas afrodescendientes que viven en el Distrito de Aguablanca, Cali, Colombia, a fin de evaluar los factores socioculturales que influyen en su cuidado. Se siguió la etnoenfermería con el objeto de averiguar la perspectiva femenina étnica, e identificar las prácticas beneficiosas y de riesgo para su salud. La investigación tuvo como participantes claves a 17 mujeres. En la consolidación de la muestra se aplicaron los criterios de saturación de datos. En los resultados se evidenció la relación de las mujeres con su propio cuerpo, su defensa y fortificación desde la menarquia como fase preparatoria de sus funciones reproductivas, hasta cuando aparece la menopausia. De acuerdo con su cultura, si no tienen en cuenta estas prácticas tradicionales, sufrirán diversas dolencias en la etapa final de su periodo de procreación. Los cuidados sobresalientes se relacionan con el significado de la sangre, así como con el ejercicio de la sexualidad, la limpieza, la alimentación especial y el equilibrio que se debe guardar entre el calor y el frío. Las entrevistadas atribuyen a la menopausia cambios en su cuerpo, en sus diferencias emocionales de conducta y en las expectativas de la sexualidad. Para el presente estudio estos hallazgos se agruparon en tres temas principales: sentir los profundos cambios en la vida: el cuerpo; sentir los cambios en los estados de ánimo; y vivir la sexualidad.

  14. Chemical quality of different argentine honey varieties, irradiated to control american foulbrood

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    'American foulbrood' is a disease that seriously affects bees. Honey may be contaminated with spores of the related bacteria, Paenibacillus larvae larvae, which is a great drawback for trade. The scientific literature reports that these spores, resistant to heat and chemicals, are inactivated in honey when it is irradiated al 10 kGy, being this treatment mandatory in the Republic of Southafrica. Irradiated food wholesomeness is endorsed by the World Health Organization. Considering that Argentina is an important honey producer and exporter, the aim of this work was to evaluate the effect of ionizing radiation on some of its commercial chemical parameters along storage time. Honeys with different characteristics, coming from five different regions of the country: Middle, Patagonia, North, Litoral, Humid Pampa, were provided by producers from a commission called 'Packaged honey' of the National Food, Fishery and Agriculture Ministry. Fifteen kg of each honey variety were packaged in 500 g polypropylene recipes with polyethylene lids, and irradiated at the semi industrial cobalt-60 facility of the Ezeiza Atomic Center, 500,000 Ci of activity, with doses of 0, 10 and 20 kilo Grays. Control and irradiated samples were stored at room temperature for 10 months. Some standardized chemical analysis required by the Argentine Food Code (AFC) were performed on the first, fourth and tenth storage months: water content, acidity, diastase content, reducing sugars, and hydroxymethylfurfural. Reducing sugars and diastase activity slightly diminished, and acidity slightly increased, along storage which is typical in this product; no significant differences were found between control and irradiated samples. Hydroxymethylfurfural values, related to aging or thermal abuse, diminished slightly though significantly due to irradiation, which would not affect the product quality as regulations require not to surpass a maximum value, 40 mg/kg in the AFC. So ionizing

  15. Czech Republic

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Hoskovec, Jiří

    New York: Oxford University Press, 2012 - (Baker, D.), s. 138-161. (Oxford Library of Psychology ). ISBN 9780195366556 Institutional support: RVO:68081740 Keywords : Czech Republic * history of psychology * psychology of personality * developmental psychology * health psychology * methodology of psychological research Subject RIV: AN - Psychology

  16. Czech Republic

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Linek, Lukáš

    2015-01-01

    Roč. 54, č. 1 (2015), s. 78-85. ISSN 2047-8852 R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GAP408/12/1474 Institutional support: RVO:68378025 Keywords : Czech politics * political parties * Czech Republic Subject RIV: AD - Politology ; Political Sciences http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/2047-8852.12082/abstract

  17. Czech Republic

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Linek, Lukáš

    2014-01-01

    Roč. 53, č. 1 (2014), s. 92-103. ISSN 2047-8852 R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GAP408/12/1474 Institutional support: RVO:68378025 Keywords : Czech politics * political parties * Czech Republic Subject RIV: AD - Politology ; Political Sciences http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/2047-8852.12043/abstract

  18. Multiple oscillatory modes of the Argentine Basin. Part II. The spectral origin of the basin modes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Weijer, W.; Vevier, F.; Gille, S.T.; Dijkstra, H.A.

    2007-01-01

    In this paper the spectrum of barotropic basin modes of the Argentine Basin is shown to be connected to the classical Rossby basin modes of a flat-bottom (constant depth), rectangular basin. First, the spectrum of basin modes is calculated for the Argentine Basin, by performing a normal-mode analysi

  19. XXXVIII Annual meeting of the Argentine Association of Nuclear Technology (AATN 2011)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The 38th Annual meeting of the Argentine Association of Nuclear Technology was organized by the AATN (Asociacion Argentina de Tecnologia Nuclear) in Buenos Aires, Argentine, between the 14 and 18 November of 2011. In this event 146 papers in 16 Sessions, with 13 Plenary Conferences and 3 Roundtables were presented.

  20. Genetic variability and population structure in loci related to milk production traits in native Argentine Creole and commercial Argentine Holstein cattle

    OpenAIRE

    C.D. Golijow; G. Giovambattista; M.V. Rípoli; F.N. Dulout; M.M. Lojo

    1999-01-01

    Many cattle breeds have been subjected to high selection pressure for production traits. Consequently, population genetic structure and allelic distribution could differ in breeds under high selection pressure compared to unselected breeds. Analysis of k-casein, aS1-casein and prolactin gene frequencies was made for Argentine Creole (AC) and Argentine Holstein (AH) cattle herds. The calculated FST values measured the degree of genetic differentiation of subpopulations, depending on the varian...

  1. Czech Republic

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This document provides information on the status of institutional and financial arrangements in the Czech Republic for the long term management of HLW and SNF, It includes the following elements: A consistent set of requirements for the technical and legal infrastructure including: funding, liability, institutional control, records management, and research activities; An organizational structure with clearly defined responsibilities; and Provisions for participation by interested parties in decisions and outcomes

  2. Dominican Republic.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-08-01

    The population of the Dominican Republic was estimated at 6.4 million in 1986, with an annual growth rate of 2.4%. The infant mortality rate is 96/1000, and life expectancy is 60 years. The literacy level is 68%. The gross domestic product (GDP) in the Dominican Republic in 1986 was US$5.59 billion, with a real annual growth rate of 1.3% and a per capita GDP of $873. The labor force is distributed as follows: agriculture, 45%; industry and commerce, 21% services, 14%; and government, 20%. The Dominican economy entered a recovery period in 1986, and expenditures were cut to create savings for a massive public investment program. This fiscal spending has created a domestically-led growth of the Dominican economy and increased purchasing power among the poor. However, it remains for the government to come to terms with fiscal and monetary imbalances so that a more sustainable, noninflationary growth of the Dominican economy is ensured. Since 1966, the Dominican Republic has been a representative democracy whose national powers are divided among independent executive, legislative, and judicial branches. PMID:12177938

  3. Radiation technology for sewage sludge treatment: The Argentine project

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Within the environmental applications of ionizing radiation, disinfection of wastewaters or sewage sludges is one of the most best known. Argentina based the project of a full scale irradiation plant on the gamma irradiation application, utilizing Argentine made Cobalt-60 sources. The design characteristics, process descriptions and costs are included. The research project developed information about the irradiation effects on the sludges with respect to plant performance. For the purpose of oxi-irradiation experiments, a lab-scale pool irradiator was constructed and is described. (author)

  4. The nuclear fuel elements' world market and the position of the Argentine Republic as producer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The development of the nuclear fuel elements' industry is analyzed, both in the present and projected world market, up to the year 2000, in the light of the situation affecting the nucleoelectric industry. By means of the offer/demand function, an analysis is made of the behaviour of the fuel elements' market throughout the fuel cycle structure. The regional unbalances between availability and demand of uranium resources are considered, as well as the factors having an unfavorable incidence on the fuel cycle's economic equation. The economic structure to be used for the calculation of the nucleoelectric generating cost is presented, in order to situate, within said nuclear economy, the component corresponding to the fuel cycle cost. Emphasis is placed on the 'front end' stages of the fuel cycle, but also considering those stages belonging to the 'back end'. Argentina's fuel elements market and its present and projected nucleoelectric park are analyzed, indicating their relative position in the world market. (R.J.S.)

  5. Uranium occurrences in the pegmatite 'Las Cuevas', province of San Luis, Argentine Republic

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mineral associations found in an uranium deposit of Sierras Pampeanas, San Luis, are considered in these papers. Damourite stands out among the uranium minerals related to uraninite and coffinite. Pyrite, marcasite and other sulphides are found together with apatite and gummite. Autunite is the uranium secondary mineral more abundant. A mineralization with epigenetic contribution by circulating solutions is suggested to the studied area. (Author)

  6. Levels of iodine 129 in coniferous plants in the Argentine Republic

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: Iodine-129 (129I) is produced by spontaneous fission of natural uranium and spallation reactions of cosmic radiation with xenon in the upper atmosphere. The nuclear weapons tests and the normal operation of nuclear facilities (particularly, irradiated nuclear fuel reprocessing plants) release into the environmental small amounts of 129I, as result of the uranium fission. From the point of view of environmental radiological surveillance and safeguards, the measurement of this radionuclide would permit the detection of undeclared spent fuel reprocessing activities. The resinous characteristic of the coniferous plants allows the accumulation of aerosols being an excellent matrix for the 129I determination. Pine, cedar and beef-wood needle samples were taken from the surroundings of Atucha and Embalse nuclear power plants as well as background areas. The obtained results, with the method developed at the N.R.A. laboratory, are the first ones published in this country. Although there is no available data of 129l in coniferous in the Southern hemisphere, concentration levels of 3.330 mBq/kg were reported in the surroundings of fuel reprocessing plants in U.S. and 0,37 mBq/kg of background level. Concentration levels of 532 mBq/kg were measured near Atucha nuclear power plants and 10 mBq/kg in the vicinity of Buenos Aires city. (author)

  7. ENTREPRENEURS RESILIENCE IN THE FORESTRY INDUSTRIAL SECTOR OF THE PROVINCE OF MISIONES – ARGENTINE REPUBLIC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nilda, Tañski

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available As part of the outcome of a research paper called associative management between SMEs (Small and Medium Enterprises in the field of industry and forestry-related activities in the Province of Misiones, this study is carried out. It analyzes the discourses of entrepreneurs of a group of SMEs in the sector of the forest-industry, to verify the existence or not of resilient behaviors and identify the characteristics of these behaviors or styles of fighting adversity by themselves. One describes the contextual hardships which they go through and detect the resilience factors as actions carried out in the different situations.

  8. ARGOS PHWR 380. Argentine offer of a safer pressurized heavy-water reactor of 380 MW. '...a many-eyed guardian...' concerned about nuclear power plant safety

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Reactor vendors in most countries have had lean pickings for the past decade, and ordering seems unlikely to show much growth until the shock wave from the Chernobyl accident has died away. Paradoxically, however, at least one firm sees a niche in the market. ENACE - the Empresa Nuclear Argentina de Centrales Electricas, or Argentine Nuclear Power Plant Corporation - is stepping out into the market place with a newly-designed 380 MWe nuclear power plant. The plant is equipped with a pressurized heavy-water reactor of the pressure vessel type (PHWR). ENACE has adopted new boundary design conditions and has embodied a number of special features to assure safety and economy in operation. The major shareholder in ENACE is the Argentine National Atomic Energy Commission (CNEA). ENACE is the architect-engineer for the NPP projects of the Argentine nuclear programme. It has a licensing agreement with Siemens AG's Kraftwerk Union AG, which is its minor shareholder. Under this agreement, ENACE has the right to use the Siemens-KWU PHWR technology, which was originally developed for the MZFR reactor in the Federal Republic of Germany, as well as their know-how in pressurized (light-) water reactors (PWRs) design and construction. The CNEA also has agreements with Atomic Energy of Canada Ltd. for the transfer of technology related to CANDU-type PTHWRs. The CNEA and ENACE have acquired considerable practical experience from the construction and operation of the 367 MWe Atucha I PHWR and the 648 MWe Embalse PTHWR; ENACE is currently building Argentina's third nuclear power plant, Atucha II, a 745 MWe PHWR. (author)

  9. Trail pheromone disruption of Argentine ant trail formation and foraging.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suckling, David Maxwell; Peck, Robert W; Stringer, Lloyd D; Snook, Kirsten; Banko, Paul C

    2010-01-01

    Trail pheromone disruption of invasive ants is a novel tactic that builds on the development of pheromone-based pest management in other insects. Argentine ant trail pheromone, (Z)-9-hexadecenal, was formulated as a micro-encapsulated sprayable particle and applied against Argentine ant populations in 400 m2 field plots in Hawai'i Volcanoes National Park. A widely dispersed point source strategy for trail pheromone disruption was used. Traffic rates of ants in bioassays of treated filter paper, protected from rainfall and sunlight, indicated the presence of behaviorally significant quantities of pheromone being released from the formulation for up to 59 days. The proportion of plots, under trade wind conditions (2–3 m s−1), with visible trails was reduced for up to 14 days following treatment, and the number of foraging ants at randomly placed tuna-bait cards was similarly reduced. The success of these trail pheromone disruption trials in a natural ecosystem highlights the potential of this method for control of invasive ant species in this and other environments. PMID:20077128

  10. Argentine Radiation Protection Society Experience in RP education and training

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Since its creation in 1967, the Argentine Radiation Protection Society (SAR) promotes all the radiation protection and nuclear safety aspects not only within the scientific, technical and academic areas, but also to general public. To fulfill this objective, SAR organised training and refresher courses, seminars and workshops on RP subjects. During 2002, SAR organised 7 basic and specialized courses regarding the uses of radioactive materials in industrial applications and the course on medical response in radiological accidents, that was attended by Argentine and other Latin American participants. The programmes of the courses are developed in compliance with the legal requirements and also considering specifics needs. In this paper, the characteristics of the courses are enunciated and basic statistics regarding courses and participants are presented. For the 2003 and 2004, SAR foresees the organisation of 18 courses per year and has the capacity to deliver other courses by request. all the courses are delivered in Spanish language. Based on this educational experience SAR consider a priority the inclusion, of a RP module in all the scientific graduate programmes to generate awareness on the importance of RP. Taking into account the migration of professionals to Europe and North America and the Globalization, SAR advocates the harmonization of RP syllabus to attain an international recognition. (Author)

  11. Evaluation of the international restraints and limitations on the Argentine nuclear policy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The first part of the book makes a short description of the nuclear development in the 20th. Century in the international, Latin American and Argentine frameworks. The second part outlines the relationship between the nuclear technology and the international relations in the light of the different theoretical models of international relations. Finally the third part analyzes in the international context the Argentine nuclear policy, from the presidency of J. D. Peron that of C. Menem. The international restraints to the Argentine nuclear policy are also described

  12. TGS pipeline primed for Argentine growth, CEO says

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nowhere in Latin America has the privatization process been more aggressively pursued than in Argentina where President Carlos Menem has successfully turned over the bulk of state companies to the private sector. In the energy sector, that meant the divestiture in 1992 of Gas del Estado, the state-owned integrated gas transportation and distribution company. It was split in two transportation companies: Transportadora de Gas del Sur (TGS) and Transportadora de Gas del Norte (TGN), and eight distribution companies. TGS is the largest transporter of natural gas in Argentina, delivering more than 60 percent of that nation's total gas consumption with a capacity of 1.9 Bcf/d. This is the second in a series of Pipeline and Gas Journal special reports that discuss the evolving strategies of the natural gas industry as it continues to restructure amid deregulation. The article focuses on TGS, the Argentine pipeline system in which Enron Corp. is a key participant

  13. Characterization of Argentine Loess and Paleosols by Moessbauer Spectroscopy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We have used Moessbauer spectroscopy to investigate iron-bearing mineral samples of loess and paleosols from a geologic section at La Plata, Argentina, 34 deg. 54' 14'' S and 58 deg. 2' W. Hematite is by far the dominant iron-bearing magnetic component in initial loess and paleosol samples. The samples were also subjected to magnetic separation. The magnetically enriched loess fractions show a remarkable increase in the content of magnetite. The enhancement of non-magnetic Fe3+ and a decrease of Fe2+ mineral phases in the paleosol layer seem to be a consequence of the process of pedogenesis which also caused a dissolution of magnetic iron oxides by weathering. The increase of magnetite in the silt fraction suggests that the wind could have been the main carrier of magnetic minerals, causing the major differences in the magnetic parameters between loess and paleosols in the Argentine loess plateau

  14. Native supercolonies of unrelated individuals in the invasive Argentine ant

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Jes Søe; Krieger, Michael J. B.; Vogel, Valérie;

    2006-01-01

    Kinship among group members has long been recognized as a main factor promoting the evolution of sociality and reproductive altruism, yet some ants have an extraordinary social organization, called unicoloniality, whereby individuals mix freely among physically separated nests. This type of social...... organization is not only a key attribute responsible for the ecological dominance of these ants, but also an evolutionary paradox because relatedness between nestmates is effectively zero. Recently, it has been proposed that, in the Argentine ant, unicoloniality is a derived trait that evolved after its...... introduction into new habitats. Here we test this basic assumption by conducting a detailed genetic analysis of four native and six introduced populations with five to 15 microsatellite loci and one mitochondrial gene. In contrast to the assumption that native populations consist of family-based colonies with...

  15. Colorado Basin Structure and Rifting, Argentine passive margin

    Science.gov (United States)

    Autin, Julia; Scheck-Wenderoth, Magdalena; Loegering, Markus; Anka, Zahie; Vallejo, Eduardo; Rodriguez, Jorge; Marchal, Denis; Reichert, Christian; di Primio, Rolando

    2010-05-01

    The Argentine margin presents a strong segmentation with considerable strike-slip movements along the fracture zones. We focus on the volcanic segment (between the Salado and Colorado transfer zones), which is characterized by seaward dipping reflectors (SDR) all along the ocean-continent transition [e.g. Franke et al., 2006; Gladczenko et al., 1997; Hinz et al., 1999]. The segment is structured by E-W trending basins, which differs from the South African margin basins and cannot be explained by classical models of rifting. Thus the study of the relationship between the basins and the Argentine margin itself will allow the understanding of their contemporary development. Moreover the comparison of the conjugate margins suggests a particular evolution of rifting and break-up. We firstly focus on the Colorado Basin, which is thought to be the conjugate of the well studied Orange Basin [Hirsch et al., 2009] at the South African margin [e.g. Franke et al., 2006]. This work presents results of a combined approach using seismic interpretation and structural, isostatic and thermal modelling highlighting the structure of the crust. The seismic interpretation shows two rift-related discordances: one intra syn-rift and the break-up unconformity. The overlying sediments of the sag phase are less deformed (no sedimentary wedges) and accumulated before the generation of oceanic crust. The axis of the Colorado Basin trends E-W in the western part, where the deepest pre-rift series are preserved. In contrast, the basin axis turns to a NW-SE direction in its eastern part, where mainly post-rift sediments accumulated. The most distal part reaches the margin slope and opens into the oceanic basin. The general basin direction is almost orthogonal to the present-day margin trend. The most frequent hypothesis explaining this geometry is that the Colorado Basin is an aborted rift resulting from a previous RRR triple junction [e.g. Franke et al., 2002]. The structural interpretation

  16. Knowledge management in the Argentine Nuclear Regulatory Authority

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In 2006, the Argentine Nuclear Regulatory Authority has initiated a regulatory knowledge management process to face the loss of knowledge resulting from retiring experts, the generation gap, and the existing need to train new human resources. A number of projects have been started together with the technical assistance of the National Public Administration Institute to preserve knowledge and render it explicit for the coming generations. These projects include 'The History of the Expert's Learning Process' in which the majority of the most critical experts have been interviewed so far. The results of this project help envision a training structure and prospective projects. An Internet Site has also been created on the Intranet in order to render knowledge explicit and facilitate the tools for knowledge management initiatives. Furthermore, ARN's knowledge map project has also been started. (author)

  17. Detection of Argentine onions treated with 60 Co irradiation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Brazil has been the most important MERCOSUL's purchaser of fresh onions from Argentina. The increased claim for this fresh product has forced a consensus between the members nations, as regards to phytosanitary restrictions. The radio inhibition is described on National Food Codes in Brazil and Argentina. Methods of food irradiation detection must be performed, since they increase the consumer confidence. Quick and simple screening tests indicate whether a food product has been irradiated or not. This present study verified the DNA fragments of argentine fresh onions, produced during radiation process and 6 months of storage period. The DNA fragments are analyzed for detection of irradiated foods. The irradiated onions presented extensive DNA migrations, as comets, when submitted to agarose gel electrophoresis. They also showed more shelf life compared to the unirradiated onions. The unirradiated samples exhibited only limited DNA migration. This initial screen method showed to be effective for detection of irradiated onions. (author)

  18. Annual Report ABACC 2003 - Brazilian-Argentine Agency for the Accounting and Control of Nuclear Materials

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This Report describes the actions of the Brazil-Argentine of Accounting and Control of Nuclear Materials (ABACC), during the year of 2003. The developed work allowed to concluded that there is no event indicating that any nuclear material non-accounted for were deviated for non permitted activities by the Agreement for Peaceful Use of Nuclear Energy between Argentine and Brazil and by the Four Parties Agreement among these countries, the ABACC and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)

  19. Testing baits to control Argentine ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in vineyards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Daane, Kent M; Cooper, Monica L; Sime, Karen R; Nelson, Erik H; Battany, Mark C; Rust, Michael K

    2008-06-01

    Liquid baits were evaluated for control of the Argentine ant, Linepithema humile (Mayr) (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), and associated mealybug and soft scale pests in California vineyards. In 2003, liquid baits with small doses ofimidacloprid, boric acid, or thiamethoxam dissolved in 25% sucrose water resulted in lower ant and mealybug densities and fruit damage, compared with an untreated control. Similar treatments in a soft scale-infested vineyard showed only a reduction of ant density and fruit infestation in only the boric acid and thiamethoxam treatments. In 2004, commercial and noncommercial formulations of liquid baits reduced ant densities in three separate trials, but they had inconsistent effects on mealybug densities and fruit infestation; granular protein bait had no effect. Using large plots and commercial application methodologies, liquid bait deployed in June resulted in lower ant density and fruit infestation, but it had no effect on mealybug density. Across all trials, liquid bait treatments resulted in lower ant density (12 of 14 trials) and fruit damage (11 of 14 sites), presenting the first report of liquid baits applied using commercial methodologies that resulted in a reduction of ants and their associated hemipteran crop damage. For commercialization of liquid baits, we showed that any of the tested insecticides can suppress Argentine ants when properly delivered in the crop system. For imidacloprid, bait dispensers must be protected from sunlight to reduce photodegradation. Results suggest that incomplete ant suppression can suppress mealybug densities. However, after ant populations are suppressed, there may be a longer period before hemipteran populations are effectively suppressed. Therefore, liquid baits should be considered part of a multiseason program rather than a direct, in-season control of hemipteran pest populations. PMID:18613568

  20. Networks in Argentine agriculture: a multiple-case study approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sebastián Senesi

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Argentina is among the four largest producers of soybeans, sunflower, corn, and wheat, among other agricultural products. Institutional and policy changes during the 1990s fostered the development of Argentine agriculture and the introduction of innovative process and product technologies (no-till, agrochemicals, GMO, GPS and new investments in modern, large-scale sunflower and soybean processing plants. In addition to technological changes, a "quiet revolution" occurred in the way agricultural production was carried out and organized: from self-production or ownership agriculture to a contract-based agriculture. The objective of this paper is to explore and describe the emergence of networks in the Argentine crop production sector. The paper presents and describes four cases that currently represent about 50% of total grain and oilseed production in Argentina: "informal hybrid form", "agricultural trust fund", "investor-oriented corporate structure", and "network of networks". In all cases, hybrid forms involve a group of actors linked by common objectives, mainly to gain scale, share resources, and improve the profitability of the business. Informal contracts seem to be the most common way of organizing the agriculture process, but using short-term contracts and sequential interfirm collaboration. Networks of networks involve long-term relationships and social development, and reciprocal interfirm collaboration. Agricultural trust fund and investor-oriented corporate structures have combined interfirm collaboration and medium-term relationships. These organizational forms are highly flexible and show a great capacity to adapt to challenges; they are competitive because they enjoy aligned incentives, flexibility, and adaptability.

  1. Cosmic radiation dosimetry in international flights argentine airlines

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: Introduction: In commercial aviation the most important determinants of radiation exposure in humans are the altitude, latitude, flight duration and the solar cycle's period. This study was conducted to address this type of exposure trough radiation dosimetry. Method: The study was performed in the business-class cabin of an Airbus 340-200 aircraft, provided by Argentine Airlines, during 2 flights routes: New York-Miami-Buenos Aires (trans equatorial) and Buenos Aires-Auckland (circumpolar). Measurements addressed the electromagnetic spectrum or low Linear Energy Transfer (LET) and corpuscular radiation (High LET). The instruments used were an Ion Chamber (IC), to measure the ionizing component of radiation (i.e., gamma radiation), the SWENDI, to measure only the neutron component, and the Tissue Equivalent Proportional Counter (TEPC) for measuring all radiation types. Results: The routes' dose rates are presented in the table. TEPC rates agreed with the LET findings. The total dose rates of high latitude flights were higher than those of low latitude flights. The SWENDI (High LET) results for the flights over the equator, at low latitude, represented only 1/3 of the total radiation. The New York-Miami and Buenos Aires-Auckland flights, at high latitude, represented just under 1/2 of the Total radiation (-45%). Conclusion: Based on the results of this study, the annual dose rates of radiation exposure of air crew personnel serving on international flights offered by Argentine Airlines is between 3 and 7 mSv. This rate is higher than the maximum recommended for the general population by the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP), which is 1 milli Sv./y. Therefore, these personnel must be officially considered 'Occupationally Exposed to Radiation' in way to provide the appropriate measures that must be implemented for their protection in accordance to ICRP guidelines. Dose(uSv): Route N Y-Miami, IC 6.07, SWENDI 5.07, TEPC 11.04; Route

  2. Education and training in radiological protection in the Argentine region- IAEA, toward a long term commitment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Argentine Republic has extensive antecedents in education and training in radiological protection. From the beginning of the nuclear activity in the country was given preponderance to the aspects related with the radiological protection and the personnel's training involved in the employment of ionizing radiations. At the present time these educational activities already overcome the 50 years, there being accumulated a rich and important experience in the matter. In the country the organisms that have assigned by law the responsibility of the regulation and the control of practice them with ionizing radiations are the Nuclear Regulatory Authority and the Ministry of Health and Atmosphere of the Nation. The first one has the mission of protecting people of the noxious effects of the ionizing radiations derived of nuclear activities, the second is in charge of the control of the equipment dedicated specifically to generate X-rays. This includes the responsibility of elaborating, to emit and to make complete the regulations, standards and other corresponding requirements, in particular - in the mark of the present work - regarding to establish demands and to promote education activities and training in radiological protection. The sure use of the benefits that offers the nuclear development in its diverse applications implies to overturn resources, experience and dedication for the personnel's training. In that sense the Argentina has committed recently to undertake the necessary actions to constitute a Regional Center of Education and Training for Latin America and the Caribbean, taking advantage of the important experience obtained in more of 25 years of imparting graduate degree courses in radiological protection and nuclear safety with inter regional and regional character. With that purpose a process of self evaluation has begun (self appraisal), following the limits settled down by the International Atomic Energy Agency in the document 'Education and

  3. Active tectonics in the Argentine Precordillera and Western Sierras Pampeanas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L.L. Siame

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available The Andean foreland of western Argentina (28°S-33°S corresponds to retroarc deformations associated with the ongoing flat subduction of the Nazca plate beneath the South American lithosphere. This region is characterized by high levels of seismic activity and crustal active faulting. To improve earthquake source identification and characterization in the San Juan region, data from seismology, structural geology and quantitative geomorphology were integrated and combined to provide a seismotectonic model. In this seismotectonic model, the Andean back-arc of western Argentina can be regarded as an obliquely converging foreland where Plio-Quaternary deformations are partitioned between strike-slip and thrust motions that are localized on the E-verging, thin-skinned Argentine Precordillera, and the W-verging thick-skinned Sierras Pampeanas, respectively. In this seismotectonic model, the Sierra Pie de Palo appears to be a key structure playing a major role in the partitioning of the Plio-Quaternary deformations.

  4. Argentine regulatory experience on industrial gammagraphy in radioprotection

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Industrial gammagraphy has always been responsible for the highest rates of radiological incidents in almost every part of the world. This is mainly due to the high activities of the radioactive sources used, which are constantly transported in the equipment that contains them between the storage and the areas of work, and is also due to work load pressures which may induce to negligence in following the operational procedures, if a strong Safety Culture does not exist. The purpose of this paper is to present the main aspects of the argentine regulations relating to radiation protection to control this practice and to contribute in this way to reduce the associated risks. In addition, some incidents occurred in Argentina during the latest years, the causes that led to those events and their relation to the in observance of the regulations in force, their consequences and the measures taken to repair them are described. Finally, the importance of the role that education and training has in the strengthening of Safety Culture, key element of all undertaking, is highlighted. (author)

  5. [Distribution of Lutzomyia longipalpis in the Argentine Mesopotamia, 2010].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salomon, Oscar D; Fernandez, Maria S; Santini, María S; Saavedra, Silvina; Montiel, Natalia; Ramos, Marina A; Rosa, Juan R; Szelag, Enrique A; Martinez, Mariela F

    2011-01-01

    The first case of visceral leishmaniasis (VL) in Argentina was reported in 2006 in Posadas, Misiones. During the summer 2008-2009 Lutzomyia longipalpis, the VL vector, and canine VL cases were already spread along the province of Corrientes. In order to know the distribution of VL risk, systematic captures of the vector were performed between February and March 2010, in 18 areas of the provinces of Entre Ríos and Corrientes, and the city of Puerto Iguazú, Misiones, with a total of 313 traps/night. We confirmed the presence of Lu. longipalpis, for the first time in Chajarí (Entre Ríos), Alvear, La Cruz, Curuzú Cuatiá and Bella Vista (Corrientes), and Puerto Iguazú (Misiones). In Santo Tome and Monte Caseros (Corrientes), where the vector had been previously reported, traps with more samples were obtained with 830 and 126 Lu. Longipalpis trap/site/night respectively. These results show that the vector of urban VL continues spreading in the Argentine territory. Simultaneously, the spread of the parasite and the resulting human VL cases are associated with the dispersion of reservoirs, infected dogs, with or without clinical symptoms or signs, due to human transit. PMID:21296716

  6. BNCT for skin melanoma in extremities: Updated Argentine clinical results

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    As part of phase I/II melanoma BNCT clinical trial conducted in Argentina in a cooperative effort of the Argentine Atomic Energy Commission (CNEA) and the Oncology Institute Angel H. Roffo (IOAHR), 7 patients (6 female-1 male) received eight treatment sessions covering ten anatomical areas located in extremities. Mean age of the patients was 64 years (51-74). The treatments were performed between October 2003 and June 2007. All patients presented multiple subcutaneous skin metastases of melanoma and received an infusion containing ∼14 gr/m2 of 10borophenyl-alanine (BPA) followed by the exposition of the area to a mixed thermal-epithermal neutron beam at the RA-6 reactor. The maximum prescribed dose to normal skin ranged from 16.5 to 24 Gy-Eq and normal tissue administered dose varied from 15.8 to 27.5 Gy-Eq. Considering evaluable nodules, 69.3% of overall response and 30.7% of no changes were seen. The toxicity was acceptable, with 3 out of 10 evaluable areas showing ulceration (30% toxicity grade 3).

  7. Argentine regulatory experience concerning radiation protection in industrial gammagraphy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Industrial gammagraphy has always been responsible for the highest rates of radiological incidents in almost every part of the world. This is mainly due to the high activities of the radioactive sources used, which are constantly transported in the equipment that contains them between the storage and the areas of work, and is also due to workload pressures which may induce to negligence in following the operational procedures, if a strong Safety Culture does not exist. The purpose of this paper is to present the main aspects of the Argentine Regulations relating to radiation protection to control this practice and to contribute in this way to reduce the associated risks. In addition, some incidents occurred in Argentina during the latest years, the causes that led to those events and their relation to the in observance of the regulations in force, their consequences and the measures taken to repair them are described. Finally, the importance of the role that education and training has in the strengthening of Safety Culture, key element of all undertaking, is highlighted. (author)

  8. Nuclear trade: an approach on the Argentine situation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Argentine nuclear trade regime. Nuclear Materials. Definitions. Stages. From early times of nuclear development an actual and strict monopoly governed the transfers of nuclear materials. That meant: the Federal State took the control as user, producer, purchaser or seller. This policy was inspired and clearly echoed a similar one developed by countries with important development in the nuclear field. Types of contracts on nuclear commerce. Relation with costs implied with the nuclear industry. Uranium mining. System of supplies. Development of factories of nuclear supplies. Incentives. Nuclear Power. Radioisotopes. Human Resources. Ways of intervention of the State on nuclear Commerce. The right of veto. The ownership of shares in private or public corporations. Export- import controls. Security and Safety standards. National Act of Nuclear Activity. Veto of the Executive Power to the monopoly of the exclusive national supply of uranium. Comparative policies on other fields or products in Argentina. A proposal of lege ferenda. State's right of transformation applicable to purchases and sales of nuclear materials. Exchange and loans. Cosignature of contracts, etc. (author)

  9. Insecticide transfer efficiency and lethal load in Argentine ants

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hooper-Bui, L. M.; Kwok, E. S. C.; Buchholz, B. A.; Rust, M. K.; Eastmond, D. A.; Vogel, J. S.

    2015-10-01

    Trophallaxis between individual worker ants and the toxicant load in dead and live Argentine ants (Linepithema humile) in colonies exposed to fipronil and hydramethylnon experimental baits were examined using accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS). About 50% of the content of the crop containing trace levels of 14C-sucrose, 14C-hydramethylnon, and 14C-fipronil was shared between single donor and recipient ants. Dead workers and queens contained significantly more hydramethylnon (122.7 and 22.4 amol/μg ant, respectively) than did live workers and queens (96.3 and 10.4 amol/μg ant, respectively). Dead workers had significantly more fipronil (420.3 amol/μg ant) than did live workers (208.5 amol/μg ant), but dead and live queens had equal fipronil levels (59.5 and 54.3 amol/μg ant, respectively). The distribution of fipronil differed within the bodies of dead and live queens; the highest amounts of fipronil were recovered in the thorax of dead queens whereas live queens had the highest levels in the head. Resurgence of polygynous ant colonies treated with hydramethylnon baits may be explained by queen survival resulting from sublethal doses due to a slowing of trophallaxis throughout the colony. Bait strategies and dose levels for controlling insect pests need to be based on the specific toxicant properties and trophic strategies for targeting the entire colony.

  10. Perspectives on Argentine Migration to Spain: Oral, Journal and Film Sources

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Susana Schmidt

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available This contribution takes up our doctoral research –Argentine migrationto Spain- to share some theoretical-methodological considerations.We refer to the conceptualization of "transnational social spaces," an approach that allows us to consider migration in its double dimension origin/destination and is particularly useful to thing the relationship between migration and creation of social and cultural ties in the Hispano-Argentine or Argentine-Spanish space. Similarly, the transnational spaces approach allows to put in dialog diverse social groups involved in the phenomenon: the migrants themselves, whose life stories are analysed by using oral sources; the society of origin and the host society, analysing collective image through journal sources; the filmmakers, whose migration stories we discussmigration through various fiction films; and, of course, historians and other social scientists who study these migrations.

  11. Coordination of the U.S. DOE-Argentine National Atomic Energy Commission (CNEA) science and technology implementing arrangement. Final report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In 1989, the US Department of Energy (DOE) established the Office of Environmental Management (EM) and delegated to the office the responsibility of cleaning up the US nuclear weapons complex. EM's mission has three primary activities: (1) to assess, remediate, and monitor contaminated sites and facilities; (2) to store, treat, and dispose of wastes from past and current operations; and (3) to develop and implement innovative technologies for environmental remediation. To this end, EM has established domestic and international cooperative technology development programs, including one with the Republic of Argentina. Cooperating with Argentine scientific institutes and industry meets US cleanup objectives by: (1) identifying and accessing Argentine EM-related technologies, thereby leveraging investments and providing cost-savings; (2) improving access to technical information, scientific expertise, and technologies applicable to EM needs; and (3) fostering the development of innovative environmental technologies by increasing US private sector opportunities in Argentina in EM-related areas. Florida International University's Hemispheric Center for Environmental Technology (FIU-HCET) serves as DOE-OST's primary technology transfer agent. FIU-HCET acts as the coordinating and managing body for the Department of Energy (DOE)-Argentina National Atomic Energy Commission (CNEA) Arrangement. Activities include implementing standard operating procedures, tracking various technical projects, hosting visiting scientists, advising DOE of potential joint projects based on previous studies, and demonstrating/transferring desired technology. HCET hosts and directs the annual Joint Coordinating Committee for Radioactive and Mixed Waste Management meeting between the DOE and CNEA representatives. Additionally, HCET is evaluating the possibility of establishing similar arrangements with other Latin American countries

  12. Coordination of the U.S. DOE-Argentine National Atomic Energy Commission (CNEA) science and technology implementing arrangement. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ebadian, M.A.

    1998-01-01

    In 1989, the US Department of Energy (DOE) established the Office of Environmental Management (EM) and delegated to the office the responsibility of cleaning up the US nuclear weapons complex. EM`s mission has three primary activities: (1) to assess, remediate, and monitor contaminated sites and facilities; (2) to store, treat, and dispose of wastes from past and current operations; and (3) to develop and implement innovative technologies for environmental remediation. To this end, EM has established domestic and international cooperative technology development programs, including one with the Republic of Argentina. Cooperating with Argentine scientific institutes and industry meets US cleanup objectives by: (1) identifying and accessing Argentine EM-related technologies, thereby leveraging investments and providing cost-savings; (2) improving access to technical information, scientific expertise, and technologies applicable to EM needs; and (3) fostering the development of innovative environmental technologies by increasing US private sector opportunities in Argentina in EM-related areas. Florida International University`s Hemispheric Center for Environmental Technology (FIU-HCET) serves as DOE-OST`s primary technology transfer agent. FIU-HCET acts as the coordinating and managing body for the Department of Energy (DOE)-Argentina National Atomic Energy Commission (CNEA) Arrangement. Activities include implementing standard operating procedures, tracking various technical projects, hosting visiting scientists, advising DOE of potential joint projects based on previous studies, and demonstrating/transferring desired technology. HCET hosts and directs the annual Joint Coordinating Committee for Radioactive and Mixed Waste Management meeting between the DOE and CNEA representatives. Additionally, HCET is evaluating the possibility of establishing similar arrangements with other Latin American countries.

  13. Combined effect of hemipteran control and liquid bait on Argentine ant populations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brightwell, R J; Bambara, S B; Silverman, J

    2010-10-01

    The invasive Argentine ant, Linepithema humile (Mayr), has become a worldwide problem capable of inflicting significant ecological and economic injury on urban, agricultural, and natural environments. The mobility of this pest ant has long been noted, rapidly moving nests to new food resources and then away as resources are depleted. This ant, like many pest ant species, has a special affinity for honeydew excreted by phloem-feeding Hemiptera. We investigated the effect of various hemipteran control strategies on terrapin scale densities and measured their indirect effect on local Argentine ant densities and foraging effort. We then determined whether this indirect treatment strategy improved the performance of an ant bait. We predicted that Argentine ants would move nests away from trees treated for Hemiptera and then move nests back when a liquid bait was offered, followed by a decline in ant numbers due to intake of the toxicant. A horticultural oil spray and soil application of the systemic insecticide, imidacloprid, had no effect on terrapin scale numbers. However, trunk-injected dicrotophos caused a reduction in scale and a decline in local Argentine ant nest density and canopy foraging effort. We also recorded a reduction in local Argentine ant ground foraging when large amounts of liquid bait were applied, and we found no evidence that combining dicrotophos with liquid ant bait performed better than each treatment alone. We suggest that a strategy of combined hemipteran control plus application of liquid ant bait can reduce local Argentine ant densities, when both components of this system are highly efficacious. PMID:21061981

  14. DNA barcoding identifies Argentine fishes from marine and brackish waters.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ezequiel Mabragaña

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: DNA barcoding has been advanced as a promising tool to aid species identification and discovery through the use of short, standardized gene targets. Despite extensive taxonomic studies, for a variety of reasons the identification of fishes can be problematic, even for experts. DNA barcoding is proving to be a useful tool in this context. However, its broad application is impeded by the need to construct a comprehensive reference sequence library for all fish species. Here, we make a regional contribution to this grand challenge by calibrating the species discrimination efficiency of barcoding among 125 Argentine fish species, representing nearly one third of the known fauna, and examine the utility of these data to address several key taxonomic uncertainties pertaining to species in this region. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Specimens were collected and morphologically identified during crusies conducted between 2005 and 2008. The standard BARCODE fragment of COI was amplified and bi-directionally sequenced from 577 specimens (mean of 5 specimens/species, and all specimens and sequence data were archived and interrogated using analytical tools available on the Barcode of Life Data System (BOLD; www.barcodinglife.org. Nearly all species exhibited discrete clusters of closely related haplogroups which permitted the discrimination of 95% of the species (i.e. 119/125 examined while cases of shared haplotypes were detected among just three species-pairs. Notably, barcoding aided the identification of a new species of skate, Dipturus argentinensis, permitted the recognition of Genypterus brasiliensis as a valid species and questions the generic assignment of Paralichthys isosceles. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: This study constitutes a significant contribution to the global barcode reference sequence library for fishes and demonstrates the utility of barcoding for regional species identification. As an independent assessment of alpha

  15. DNA Barcoding Identifies Argentine Fishes from Marine and Brackish Waters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mabragaña, Ezequiel; Díaz de Astarloa, Juan Martín; Hanner, Robert; Zhang, Junbin; González Castro, Mariano

    2011-01-01

    Background DNA barcoding has been advanced as a promising tool to aid species identification and discovery through the use of short, standardized gene targets. Despite extensive taxonomic studies, for a variety of reasons the identification of fishes can be problematic, even for experts. DNA barcoding is proving to be a useful tool in this context. However, its broad application is impeded by the need to construct a comprehensive reference sequence library for all fish species. Here, we make a regional contribution to this grand challenge by calibrating the species discrimination efficiency of barcoding among 125 Argentine fish species, representing nearly one third of the known fauna, and examine the utility of these data to address several key taxonomic uncertainties pertaining to species in this region. Methodology/Principal Findings Specimens were collected and morphologically identified during crusies conducted between 2005 and 2008. The standard BARCODE fragment of COI was amplified and bi-directionally sequenced from 577 specimens (mean of 5 specimens/species), and all specimens and sequence data were archived and interrogated using analytical tools available on the Barcode of Life Data System (BOLD; www.barcodinglife.org). Nearly all species exhibited discrete clusters of closely related haplogroups which permitted the discrimination of 95% of the species (i.e. 119/125) examined while cases of shared haplotypes were detected among just three species-pairs. Notably, barcoding aided the identification of a new species of skate, Dipturus argentinensis, permitted the recognition of Genypterus brasiliensis as a valid species and questions the generic assignment of Paralichthys isosceles. Conclusions/Significance This study constitutes a significant contribution to the global barcode reference sequence library for fishes and demonstrates the utility of barcoding for regional species identification. As an independent assessment of alpha taxonomy, barcodes provide

  16. Genetic variability and population structure in loci related to milk production traits in native Argentine Creole and commercial Argentine Holstein cattle

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Golijow C.D.

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available Many cattle breeds have been subjected to high selection pressure for production traits. Consequently, population genetic structure and allelic distribution could differ in breeds under high selection pressure compared to unselected breeds. Analysis of k-casein, aS1-casein and prolactin gene frequencies was made for Argentine Creole (AC and Argentine Holstein (AH cattle herds. The calculated FST values measured the degree of genetic differentiation of subpopulations, depending on the variances of gene frequencies.The AC breed had considerably more variation among herds at the aS1-casein and k-casein loci. Conservation strategies should consider the entire AC population in order to maintain the genetic variability found in this native breed.

  17. Effects of honeydew-producing hemipteran denial on local argentine ant distribution and boric acid bait performance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brightwell, R J; Silverman, J

    2009-06-01

    The Argentine ant is well known for its affinity for honeydew and is often associated with hemipteran outbreaks in agricultural and urban environments. It has been suggested that Argentine ants may be controlled by restricting access to honeydew, thereby forcing the ants to move or by encouraging increased liquid toxicant intake. We tested this possible control strategy by restricting Argentine ant access to the honeydew-producing terrapin scale within the canopy of red maple trees and monitoring ant numbers with pitfall traps and nest counts in the mulch around the tree base. Argentine ant nest numbers fell dramatically in the mulch around ant-excluded trees; however, there was no reduction in Argentine ant numbers caught in pitfalls around trees with or without canopy access. We added 0.5% boric acid bait stations at the base of the red maples and monitored bait consumption. Pitfall and nest counts were not affected by the addition of boric acid, although bait consumption was lower around ant-excluded trees, suggesting that restricting access to honeydew-producing Hemiptera did not enhance bait performance. We attribute this result to the increased distance Argentine ant workers had to trail from nest to bait station when not tending nearby terrapin scale. We suggest an alternative management strategy concentrating direct insecticidal control of Argentine ants around a few host plants infested with honeydew-producing Hemiptera by controlling Hemiptera in nearby host plants. PMID:19610434

  18. Behavioural and chemical evidence for multiple colonisation of the Argentine ant, Linepithema humile, in the Western Cape, South Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wossler Theresa C

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The Argentine ant, Linepithema humile, is a widespread invasive ant species that has successfully established in nearly all continents across the globe. Argentine ants are characterised by a social structure known as unicoloniality, where territorial boundaries between nests are absent and intraspecific aggression is rare. This is particularly pronounced in introduced populations and results in the formation of large and spatially expansive supercolonies. Although it is amongst the most well studied of invasive ants, very little work has been done on this ant in South Africa. In this first study, we investigate the population structure of Argentine ants in South Africa. We use behavioural (aggression tests and chemical (CHC approaches to investigate the population structure of Argentine ants within the Western Cape, identify the number of supercolonies and infer number of introductions. Results Both the aggression assays and chemical data revealed that the Western Cape Argentine ant population can be divided into two behaviourally and chemically distinct supercolonies. Intraspecific aggression was evident between the two supercolonies of Argentine ants with ants able to discriminate among conspecific non-nestmates. This discrimination is linked to the divergence in cuticular hydrocarbon profiles of ants originating from the two supercolonies. Conclusions The presence of these two distinct supercolonies is suggestive of at least two independent introductions of this ant within the Western Cape. Moreover, the pattern of colonisation observed in this study, with the two colonies interspersed, is in agreement with global patterns of Argentine ant invasions. Our findings are of interest because recent studies show that Argentine ants from South Africa are different from those identified in other introduced ranges and therefore provide an opportunity to further understand factors that determine the distributional and spread

  19. Schooling and Governance: Pedagogical Knowledge and Bureaucratic Expertise in the Genesis of the Argentine Educational System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Southwell, Myriam

    2013-01-01

    The consolidation of the Argentine Federal Government by the 1870s aimed to modernise local society, establish state institutions and reach political stabilisation. Building a modern schooling system articulated both utopia and bureaucracy by establishing the use of knowledge as an instrument of social intervention, vindicating and legitimising…

  20. Draft genome of the globally widespread and invasive Argentine ant (Linepithema humile).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Christopher D; Zimin, Aleksey; Holt, Carson; Abouheif, Ehab; Benton, Richard; Cash, Elizabeth; Croset, Vincent; Currie, Cameron R; Elhaik, Eran; Elsik, Christine G; Fave, Marie-Julie; Fernandes, Vilaiwan; Gadau, Jürgen; Gibson, Joshua D; Graur, Dan; Grubbs, Kirk J; Hagen, Darren E; Helmkampf, Martin; Holley, Jo-Anne; Hu, Hao; Viniegra, Ana Sofia Ibarraran; Johnson, Brian R; Johnson, Reed M; Khila, Abderrahman; Kim, Jay W; Laird, Joseph; Mathis, Kaitlyn A; Moeller, Joseph A; Muñoz-Torres, Monica C; Murphy, Marguerite C; Nakamura, Rin; Nigam, Surabhi; Overson, Rick P; Placek, Jennifer E; Rajakumar, Rajendhran; Reese, Justin T; Robertson, Hugh M; Smith, Chris R; Suarez, Andrew V; Suen, Garret; Suhr, Elissa L; Tao, Shu; Torres, Candice W; van Wilgenburg, Ellen; Viljakainen, Lumi; Walden, Kimberly K O; Wild, Alexander L; Yandell, Mark; Yorke, James A; Tsutsui, Neil D

    2011-04-01

    Ants are some of the most abundant and familiar animals on Earth, and they play vital roles in most terrestrial ecosystems. Although all ants are eusocial, and display a variety of complex and fascinating behaviors, few genomic resources exist for them. Here, we report the draft genome sequence of a particularly widespread and well-studied species, the invasive Argentine ant (Linepithema humile), which was accomplished using a combination of 454 (Roche) and Illumina sequencing and community-based funding rather than federal grant support. Manual annotation of >1,000 genes from a variety of different gene families and functional classes reveals unique features of the Argentine ant's biology, as well as similarities to Apis mellifera and Nasonia vitripennis. Distinctive features of the Argentine ant genome include remarkable expansions of gustatory (116 genes) and odorant receptors (367 genes), an abundance of cytochrome P450 genes (>110), lineage-specific expansions of yellow/major royal jelly proteins and desaturases, and complete CpG DNA methylation and RNAi toolkits. The Argentine ant genome contains fewer immune genes than Drosophila and Tribolium, which may reflect the prominent role played by behavioral and chemical suppression of pathogens. Analysis of the ratio of observed to expected CpG nucleotides for genes in the reproductive development and apoptosis pathways suggests higher levels of methylation than in the genome overall. The resources provided by this genome sequence will offer an abundance of tools for researchers seeking to illuminate the fascinating biology of this emerging model organism. PMID:21282631

  1. High-resolution stable isotope stratigraphy of the upper Cambrian and Ordovician in the Argentine Precordillera

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sial, A.N.; Peralta, S.; Gaucher, C.; Toselli, A.J.; Ferreira, V.P.; Frei, Robert; Parada, M.A.; Pimentel, M.M.; Pereira, Natan Silva

    2013-01-01

    We report the occurrence of important carbon isotope excursions in early Paleozoic formations of the Eastern and Central Argentine Precordillera. The Steptoean positive isotope carbon excursion (SPICE) is known from North America, Kazakhstan, South China, Australia and South America, and the nega...

  2. Abstracts of the 81. national meeting on physics of the Argentine Physics Association (AFA)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Abstracts are presented at the 81 Annual meeting of the Argentine Physics Association (AFA). The papers can be grouped under the following main topics: teaching, history and philosophy of physics; classical and quantum physics: particles and fields; statistical physics and thermodynamics; nuclear physics; atomic and molecular physics; optic; fluid dynamics and plasmas; condensed matter; instrumentation; geophysics and astrophysics. refs., ills

  3. Annual Report 2007 - ABACC - Brazilian-Argentine Agency for Accounting and Control of Nuclear Materials

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This document reports activities during the year 2007 related to: technical activities as application of safeguards; management of the Quadripartite Agreement and the SCCC - Common System for Accounting and Control of Nuclear Materials; training; technical cooperation; outlook for 2008 and; institutional, administrative and financial activities; technical glossary; list of brazilian facilities; list of argentine facilities and a list of institution of nuclear area

  4. Powerful motors: Kinship, citizenship and the transformation of the Argentine oil industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shever, Elana

    The privatization of the Argentine oil industry has been described as an unprecedented transfer of property, capital and control from the state to the corporate sphere, but this study demonstrates that the privatization process is better understood as a transformation of the historical configurations of oil-fueled development, political communities and human subjectivities. This dissertation probes the development of the state-led oil industry, and the shift to a corporate-led one, through an ethnography of Argentines differently positioned in relation to the global oil industry. The ethnography explores the lives of middle class oil workers and their families in Northwest Patagonia, impoverished residents of the shanty neighborhoods near the refineries in metropolitan Buenos Aires, and affluent employees of the translocal corporations operating in the Argentine oil fields. After the Introduction delineates this study's four principal interventions into anthropological scholarship, each subsequent chapter engages a particular problem that cuts across the Argentine oil fields and the anthropological theoretical fields. Chapter Two scrutinizes the historical construction of the Argentine subterritory as a "natural" space of value. Chapters Three and Four investigate the articulation of capitalist production and filial reproduction. These chapters argue that sentiment is a crucial generative force that has shaped the oil industry, company towns and worker families from the founding of the state-owned oil company in beginning of the twentieth century to its conversion into a corporate-owned one at the century's close. Chapters Five and Six examine the emergence of consumer citizenship and corporate citizenship out of Argentine neoliberalismo and its transformation of the oil industry. They argue that consumer and corporate citizenship are both reformulations of the older traditions of liberalism and Peronism. All the chapters of this dissertation illustrate that the

  5. Abiotic factors control invasion by Argentine ants at the community scale.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Menke, Sean B; Holway, David A

    2006-03-01

    1. A prominent and unresolved question in ecology concerns why communities differ in their susceptibility to invasion. While studies often emphasize biotic resistance, it is less widely appreciated how the physical environment affects community vulnerability to invasion. 2. In this study we performed field experiments to test how abiotic variation directly and indirectly influences the extent to which Linepithema humile Mayr (Argentine ants) invade seasonally dry environments in southern California. 3. In controlled and replicated experiments involving drip irrigation, we demonstrate (i) that elevated levels of soil moisture increased both the abundance of Argentine ants and their ability to invade native ant communities and (ii) that cessation of irrigation caused declines in the abundance of Argentine ants and led to their withdrawal from previously occupied areas. 4. Because drip irrigation stimulated plant growth, in an additional experiment we manipulated both soil moisture and plant cover to assess the direct vs. indirect effects of added water on the abundance of L. humile. 5. Local abundance of Argentine ants increased in irrigated plots but was 38% higher in irrigated plots with plants compared to irrigated plots where plant growth was suppressed. The results of this experiment thus argue for a direct role of soil moisture in influencing Argentine ant abundance but suggest that that the indirect effects of added water may also be important. 6. Our study illustrates more generally that fine-scale variation in the physical environment can control whether communities become invaded by non-native species and suggests that an understanding of community susceptibility to invasion will be improved by a better appreciation of interactions between the biotic and abiotic environment. PMID:16637990

  6. Democratic Republic of Congo

    OpenAIRE

    Bou-Habib, Chadi; Kebede, Ephraim

    2016-01-01

    The high level of exports and their product and market concentration exposes the Democratic Republic of Congo to the economic fluctuations of the country's trade partners. This paper uses the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development trade data set to analyze the Democratic Republic of Congo's export patterns for the period 1960-2014. The data confirm that the country's exports re...

  7. Retrieval of granular bait by the Argentine ant (Hymenoptera: Formicidae): effect of clumped versus scattered dispersion patterns.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silverman, Jules; Roulston, T'ai H

    2003-06-01

    Argentine ants, Linepithema humile (Mayr), use mass recruitment foraging, with clumped prey items being retrieved more efficiently than dispersed prey. However, in prior field experiments, granular baits, whether dispensed in containers or broadly scattered, had a similar impact on Argentine ant populations. In laboratory experiments, granular insecticide bait was encountered faster by Argentine ant workers and more granules were initially returned to the colony when the granules were scattered versus clumped. After 2 h, granules from both dispersion patterns were retrieved equally. Our results suggest that Argentine ant colonies adjust their foraging patterns to resources of different quality (prey versus bait). Also, foraging activity patterns for bait in the laboratory are consistent with prior field results demonstrating no efficacy advantages to discrete granular bait placements. PMID:12852629

  8. Making Sense of an Unstable Legislature: Committee Assignments in the Argentine Chamber of Deputies, 1946–2001

    OpenAIRE

    Silvina Lilian Danesi; Carleton University; Ludovic Rheault; University of Montreal

    2012-01-01

    Latin American legislatures have gone largely unstudied, with the functioning of the Argentine Chamber of Deputies prior to the 1980s being an entirely unexplored subject. This paper fills that gap by examining the organization of the Chamber, with particular focus on its standing committee system from 1946 to 2001. We assess the portability of two U.S.-based theoretical approaches to legislative organization by applying them to committee assignments. An original data set of Argentine deputie...

  9. Indirect effects of Argentine ant and honeydew-producing insect mutualisms on California red scale in a citrus agroecosystem

    OpenAIRE

    Kizner, Michelle Cara

    2010-01-01

    In San Diego County, a major economic impact of the Argentine ant occurs in citrus agroecosystems, where ants interfere with biological control of key insect pests, especially California red scale. Ant control is considered a critical component of integrated pest management (IPM) of several citrus pests, but IPM recommendations fail to consider quantitative relationships between levels of Argentine ant abundance and those of the economic pests. This serious gap in understanding impedes develo...

  10. Argentine ant invasion associated with loblolly pines in the southeastern United States: minimal impacts but seasonally sustained.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rowles, Alexei D; Silverman, Jules

    2010-08-01

    Invasive ants are notorious for directly displacing native ant species. Although such impacts are associated with Argentine ant invasions (Linepithema humile) worldwide, impacts within natural habitat are less widely reported, particularly those affecting arboreal ant communities. Argentine ants were detected in North Carolina mixed pine-hardwood forest for the first time but were localized on and around loblolly pines (Pinus taeda), probably because of association with honeydew-producing Hemiptera. We explored the potential impacts of L. humile on arboreal and ground-foraging native ant species by comparing interspersed loblolly pines invaded and uninvaded by Argentine ants. Impacts on native ants were assessed monthly over 1 yr by counting ants in foraging trails on pine trunks and in surrounding plots using a concentric arrangement of pitfall traps at 1, 2, and 3 m from the base of each tree. Of floristics and habitat variables, higher soil moisture in invaded plots was the only difference between plot types, increasing confidence that any ant community differences were caused by Argentine ants. Overall patterns of impact were weak. Composition differed significantly between Argentine ant invaded and uninvaded trunks and pitfalls but was driven only by the presence of Argentine ants rather than any resulting compositional change in native ant species. Native ant abundance and richness were similarly unaffected by L. humile. However, the abundance of individual ant species was more variable. Although numbers of the arboreal Crematogaster ashmeadi (Myrmicinae) declined on and around invaded pines, epigeic Aphaenogaster rudis (Myrmicinae) remained the most abundant species in all plots. Argentine ant densities peaked in late summer and fall, therefore overlapping with most native ants. Unexpected was their continued presence during even the coldest months. We provide evidence that Argentine ants can invade and persist in native North Carolina forests, probably

  11. Thermal facility for BNCT in RA-1 Argentine research reactor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: A thermal facility for BNCT experiments is being developed in an Argentine Research Reactor: RA-1 'Enrico Fermi'. RA-1 research nuclear reactor is working at Constituyentes Atomic Center, near Buenos Aires, and started operations in 1958. It worked at several power levels, up to 120 k W. Today, RA-1 is licensed to work at 40 k W. RA-1 was used to produce radioisotopes in the early 60's, and today gives irradiation services to test materials, to calibrate detectors and activation analysis. RA-1 users are CNEA researchers, Nuclear Regulatory Authority staff and private laboratories. Boron Neutron Capture Therapy (BNCT) is a method to fight against cancer. It consists to irradiate cancer tumors using thermal neutrons. The tumor tissue should include a dose of a boron solution. The Boron irradiation produces the following nuclear reactions: n + B10→ α + Li7 + γ. Being the α particle a radiation with short range, but high destructive energy, the tumor cells are destroyed. The neutron flux should be of 109 n/cm2seg, and the gamma dose lower than 0.48 s V/h. This method is oriented to treat brain tumors. Taking in account that the brain tumors usually are several centimeters deep in the head, to get thermal neutrons in the tumor is convenient to irradiate the patient using epithermal neutrons. moderation in the cells of the brain will permit to get more thermal neutrons in the tumor. In CNEA BNCT program there is in construction an epithermal clinical facility in the RA-6, a 500 k W research reactor that is at Bariloche Atomic Center. To perform some experiments for instance to test the boron compounds, RA-1 is used. In this experiments little animals like hamsters or bottles with cultivated cells are used, for that reasons thermal neutrons are used. The project in RA-1 consists in several stages. As the first stage a preliminary thermal facility was built. Irradiation times of 45-60 minutes were estimated, at power operation levels of 40 k W. Several

  12. Long-term field trial to control the invasive Argentine ant (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) with synthetic trail pheromone.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nishisue, K; Sunamura, E; Tanaka, Y; Sakamoto, H; Suzuki, S; Fukumoto, T; Terayama, M; Tatsuki, S

    2010-10-01

    Previous short-term experiments showed that trail following behavior of the Argentine ant, Linepithema humile (Mayr) (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), can be disrupted by a high concentration of synthetic trail pheromone component (Z)-9-hexadecenal. In this study, a long-term field trial was conducted in 100-m2 plots of house gardens in an urban area of Japan to see whether the control effect on Argentine ants can be obtained by permeating synthetic trail pheromone from dispensers. The dispensers were placed in the experimental plots during the ant's active season (April-November) for 2 yr with monthly renewal. To estimate Argentine ant population density, foraging activity of Argentine ants in the study plots was monitored by monthly bait surveys. Throughout the study period, Argentine ant foraging activity was suppressed in the presence of the dispensers, presumably via trail forming inhibition. In contrast, the level of foraging activity was not different between treatment and no-treatment plots when the dispensers were temporarily removed, suggesting that treatment with pheromone dispensers did not suppress Argentine ant density in the treatment plots. Population decline may be expected with larger-scale treatment that covers a significant portion of the ant colony or with improvement in the potency of the disruptant. PMID:21061980

  13. The Czech Republic

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Cepec, J.; Lízal, Lubomír; Ušlakar, A.; Homar, A.; Lotrič, J.

    Ljubljana: Časnik Finance , 2012 - (Prašnikar, J.), s. 309-325 ISBN 978-961-6541-41-1 Institutional support: RVO:67985998 Keywords : Czech Republic * capital and labor markets * firms' indebtedness Subject RIV: AH - Economics

  14. Central Asian Republic Info

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Agency for International Development — CAR Info is designed and managed by the Central Asian Republic Mission to fill in the knowledge and reporting gaps in existing agency systems for that Mission. It...

  15. Czech Republic; Selected Issues

    OpenAIRE

    International Monetary Fund

    1999-01-01

    This Selected Issues paper on the Czech Republic discusses issues relating to the enterprise sector and corporate governance. This includes an overview and assessment of enterprise performance along with a discussion of the concept of corporate governance and its application in the Czech Republic, including how corporate governance practices compare in an international context. The paper discusses issues related to financial sector performance and restructuring. It also takes stock of banking...

  16. Radiological impact of the management of radioactive waste arising from the Argentine Nuclear Programme

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Argentine nuclear programme, as it stands at present, provides for the construction of four nuclear power plants in addition to those of Atucha I and Embalse and for the establishment of such fuel cycle facilities as are required to supply all of these plants. This paper evaluates the radiological impact (collective dose commitment) expected from the management of the radioactive wastes arising in the facilities mentioned above throughout the useful life of the reactors. The maximum individual doses to be expected as a result of the planned high-level-waste repository are also estimated. The evaluations presented are partly specific to the sites under consideration, but they also include estimates of the total collective dose commitments resulting from the management of radioactive waste under the Argentine nuclear programme. (author)

  17. The source and market development of a premium product - Beef from the Argentine Pampas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Champredonde, M

    2008-07-01

    The two main features of beef from the Argentine Pampas are its quality and geographical origin. In addition to the normal aspects of meat quality detected by sensory panels or measured by scientific instruments, the quality of Pampean beef includes the powerful symbolic quality of pampas life - the immensity of the green grasslands and the culture of the gaucho, living on horseback or sipping mate while making an asado (barbecue). This review defines the qualities and geographical origin of Pampean beef, and explains their interrelationships in terms of animal breed, nutrition and production systems. The objective is to help secure Pampean beef against unfair encroachment from competing products which lack the true authenticity of beef from the Argentine Pampas. PMID:22062914

  18. Proceedings of the 6. Argentine congress on radiation protection and nuclear safety

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The 6th Argentine Congress on Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety was organized by the Radioprotection Argentine Society, in Buenos Aires, between the 22 and 24 of september of 1998. In this event, were presented almost 66 papers in the following sessions, about these subjects: 1.- Safety in nuclear installations. 2.- Control of nuclear material and physical protection of nuclear installations. 3.- Programs of quality assurance. 4.- Training, technical information and public information. 5.- Physical dosimetry. 6.- Physical dosimetry and occupational radiation protection. 7.- Exposure of the natural radiation. 8.- Environmental radiological safety. 9.- Biological effects of the ionizing radiations and biological dosimetry. 10.- Radiological protection of the medical practice and the radiological emergencies. 11.- Radioactive wastes management. 12.- Transport of radioactive materials

  19. Industry-Wide Work Rules and Productivity: Evidence from Argentine Union Contract Data

    OpenAIRE

    Lamarche, Carlos

    2013-01-01

    In the early 1990's, the Argentine government promoted a framework for productivity-based negotiations between firms and unions at low levels of organization. The policy weakened the industry-wide collective bargaining system, which sets working conditions for all firms in an industry. This paper employs newly developed quantile regression approaches to investigate the effect of union practices on productivity within the context of the reform. The findings show that (i) industry-wide practice...

  20. International Financial Contagion: Evidence from the Argentine Crisis of 2001-2002

    OpenAIRE

    Boschi, Melisso

    2004-01-01

    The aim of this paper is to look for evidence of financial contagion suffered by several countries as a result of the latest Argentine crisis. I focus my attention on a set of countries: Brazil, Mexico, Russia, Turkey, Uruguay, and Venezuela. I also focus exclusively on three financial markets: foreign exchange, stock exchange, and sovereign debt. In order to test the hypothesis of contagion, Vector Autoregression (VAR) models and instantaneous correlation coefficients corrected for het...

  1. The executive and legislative branches and trade unions in the Argentine social security reform

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sidney Jard da Silva

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available This article analyzes the interaction between organized labor and government during reform of the pension system in Argentina. The purpose is to investigate the political and institutional conditions favorable to the inclusion of trade unions in a negotiated pension reform process. The Argentine pattern of union-government interaction was shown to be shaped more by the peculiarities of the decision-making process than by the demands and power of union organizations.

  2. Managerial form, ownership and efficiency: a case-study of Argentine agriculture

    OpenAIRE

    Gallacher, Marcos; Goetz, Stephan J.; Debertin, David L.

    1994-01-01

    In agriculture, studies dealing with the separation of ownership from control have focused on sharecropping, paying little attention to the impact of management and ownership on efficiency. Using Argentine data, this study tests the hypothesis that efficiency is a function of type of management, concentration of ownership, and mechanisms for monitoring managers. Results show that management, ownership and monitoring have a greater impact on marketing efficiency than either on technical or cos...

  3. Draft genome of the globally widespread and invasive Argentine ant (Linepithema humile)

    OpenAIRE

    Smith, Christopher D.; Zimin, Aleksey; Holt, Carson; Abouheif, Ehab; Benton, Richard; Cash, Elizabeth; Croset, Vincent; Currie, Cameron R; Elhaik, Eran; Elsik, Christine G.; Fave, Marie-Julie; Fernandes, Vilaiwan; Gadau, Jürgen; Gibson, Joshua D.; Graur, Dan

    2011-01-01

    Ants are some of the most abundant and familiar animals on Earth, and they play vital roles in most terrestrial ecosystems. Although all ants are eusocial, and display a variety of complex and fascinating behaviors, few genomic resources exist for them. Here, we report the draft genome sequence of a particularly widespread and well-studied species, the invasive Argentine ant (Linepithema humile), which was accomplished using a combination of 454 (Roche) and Illumina sequencing and community-b...

  4. Quantitative analysis of the effects of the exotic Argentine ant on seed-dispersal mutualisms

    OpenAIRE

    Rodriguez-Cabal, Mariano A.; Stuble, Katharine L.; Nuñez, Martin A.; Sanders, Nathan J.

    2009-01-01

    Although it is increasingly clear that exotic invasive species affect seed-dispersal mutualisms, a synthetic examination of the effect of exotic invasive species on seed-dispersal mutualisms is lacking. Here, we review the impacts of the invasive Argentine ant (Linepithema humile) on seed dispersal. We found that sites with L. humile had 92 per cent fewer native ant seed dispersers than did sites where L. humile was absent. In addition, L. humile did not replace native seed dispersers, as rat...

  5. First Finding of Melanic Sylvatic Triatoma infestans (Hemiptera: Reduviidae) Colonies in the Argentine Chaco

    OpenAIRE

    Ceballos, L. A.; Piccinali, R. V.; BERKUNSKY, I.; Kitron, U.; Gürtler, R. E.

    2009-01-01

    Triatoma infestans (Klug), the most important vector of Chagas disease in southern South America, is a highly domiciliated species with well-known sylvatic foci only in the Bolivian Andean valleys and in the Bolivian Chaco, where melanic insects designated as “dark morphs” were found. After the tentative identification of two melanic bugs collected from parrot nests in a forest reserve in the Argentine Chaco as T. infestans, we conducted an intensive search there using mouse-baited sticky tra...

  6. How Argentine farmers overpowered Monsanto : the mobilization of knowledge-users and intellectual property regimes

    OpenAIRE

    Filomeno, Felipe Amin

    2013-01-01

    "Since the 1980s, governments and transnational corporations from core countries led by the United States have driven a global upward ratchet of intellectual property protection. In agriculture, this has meant strengthening the rights of seed companies over the plant varieties they develop and curtailing the rights of farmers over the seeds they cultivate. Exceptionally, from the 1990s to 2013, Argentine soy growers overcame the pressures from the seed industry, guaranteeing the right to free...

  7. Food habits of the great horned owl in northwestern Argentine Patagonia: the role of introduced lagomorphs

    OpenAIRE

    Donázar, José A.; Travaini, Alejandro; Ceballos, Olga; Delibes, M.; Hiraldo, F.

    1997-01-01

    —Pellets of adult and nestling Great Horned Owls (Bitho tirginianus) were collected at 12 owl territories nearJunin de los Andes (Neuquen, Argentine Patagonia) during the breeding seasons of 1991— 92 and 1994—95. Mammals represented 69% of the total prey items (N = 1324) identified and Reithrodon auritus (16%), Lepuseuwpaeus (12%) and Ctenomys haigi (12%) were the most common species. Anhropods aecounted for 27% of the total prey by numbers. The two main prey items b...

  8. Abiotic factors control invasion by Argentine ants at the community scale

    OpenAIRE

    Menke, Sean B.; Holway, D. A.

    2006-01-01

    A prominent and unresolved question in ecology concerns why communities differ in their susceptibility to invasion. While studies often emphasize biotic resistance, it is less widely appreciated how the physical environment affects community vulnerability to invasion. In this study we performed field experiments to test how abiotic variation directly and indirectly influences the extent to which Linepithema humile Mayr (Argentine ants) invade seasonally dry environments in southern California...

  9. Proceedings of the 76. meeting of the Argentine Physics Association (AFA). V.3

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Works are presented at the 76 Annual meeting of the Argentine Physics Association. The papers can be grouped under the following main topics: teaching, history and philosophy of physics, mathematical methods, classical and quantum physics, mechanics and fields, statistical physics and thermodynamics, elementary particle physics and fields, nuclear physics, and molecular physics, atomic collisions, optics, fluid dynamics and plasmas, condensed matter, instrumentation, geophysics, astronomy and astrophysics. refs., ills

  10. Draft Genome Sequences of Four Enterococcus faecium Strains Isolated from Argentine Cheese

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martino, Gabriela P.; Quintana, Ingrid M.; Espariz, Martín; Blancato, Victor S.; Gallina Nizo, Gabriel; Esteban, Luis

    2016-01-01

    We report the draft genome sequences of four Enterococcus faecium strains isolated from Argentine regional cheeses. These strains were selected based on their technological properties, i.e., their ability to produce aroma compounds (diacetyl, acetoin, and 2,3-butanediol) from citrate. The goal of our study is to provide further genetic evidence for the rational selection of enterococci strains based on their pheno- and genotype in order to be used in cheese production. PMID:26847907

  11. Current trends in Latin America and the Argentine perspective

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Laredo, V.G. [SOCMA Americana, Buenos Aires (Argentina)

    1992-12-31

    The authors discusses the changes that are taking place in Argentina as well as in all of Latin America today -- privatization, deregulation, and the modernization of the economy, changes which will serve to strengthen the governments and provide a better quality of life for all of them. He gives an insight into the factors which helped bring about these changes, the support they are receiving, the problems which persist, and the measures that still must be taken so that these positive changes remain in place. He offers some useful information that will perhaps contribute to their understanding of the vast area which he refers to as Latin America, and more specifically, gives a thumbnail sketch of what is happening today in the Republic of Argentina. For many years now, Latin American leaders have travelled to other parts of the world and spoken about the plans and expectations for the region`s future. When these well-intentioned projects and plans never materialized, partners and supporters in the United States and other countries were frustrated and disappointed by the failure to make things work. The author`s intention here today is to describe things as they are, not as they might be, to tell about what is already happening in the sphere of business and growth of the economies in Latin America.

  12. Quality assurance programmes and normalization for the Argentine-Brazilian integration

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Within the frame of the tasks developed by the Argentine-Brazilian Contractors Coordination Committee in the nuclear area, which was at the beginning promoted by the Contractor Committee of the Argentine Association of Nuclear Technology, a working team was created between both countries in order to analyze the existing regulations and the Quality Assurance systems applied in Brazil and Argentina for their nuclear projects. This paper describes the steps to be followed so as to fulfill the compatibility of the rules, quality assurance and firm certification, laboratories, personnel and materials, and the applicable quality assurance programmes. At first, the methodology applied was the collection of the information and the existing regulations in each one of the countries, to exchange them, analyze them and arrange joint meetings and organize a seminar with experts from both countries to develop and discuss the objectives of this working team. As a result of these activities, the criteria adopted will allow, together with another actions, that both Argentine and Brazilian firms make exchanges and integrations in the nuclear field to supply Atucha II and Angra II. (Author)

  13. Estudio histórico y bibliométrico de la revista argentina Diaeta Historical and bibliometric study of the argentine journal Diata

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V Aguirre

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Evaluar el desarrollo de la investigación y la publicación científica de los nutricionistas argentinos a través del análisis histórico y bibliométrico de la revista Diaeta. Método: Diseño descriptivo transversal. Todos los números de la revista Diaeta desde el comienzo de su edición en 1981 hasta fines de 2008 fueron incluidos. Se obtuvo una muestra de 63 ejemplares mediante muestreo estratificado por cada año. Resultados: Se observó un aumento en el porcentaje de Artículos Originales y el aumento en otras áreas temáticas diferentes de la tradicional de Dietoterapia. El promedio del número de autores por artículo científico, fue de tres por Artículo Original y dos autores por Trabajo de Actualización y/o Revisión. Las citas bibliográficas fueron en su mayoría en idioma inglés, en segundo término en español. Las profesiones de los autores más productivos, además de los Licenciados en Nutrición fueron; médicos, químicos, e ingenieros. Conclusiones: La revista DIAETA ha mostrado en pocos años un importante progreso acompañando el desarrollo de la investigación de los nutricionistas del país.Objective: To evaluate the development of research and scientific publications by Argentine nutritionists through the historical and bibliometric analysis of Diaeta journal. Methodology: Descriptive transversal design. All the issues of Diaeta journal, from the beginning of its edition in 1981 through late 2008, were included in this study. A sample of 63 units was obtained through a stratified sampling for each year. Results: An increase in the number of Original Articles and other thematic areas other than the traditional Diet Therapy was observed. The average number of authors per scientific article was three for Original Articles and two authors for Update and/or Review articles. The most frequent language for the bibliographical references was English, Spanish being in the second place. Professions of the most

  14. Oxigenoterapia en vuelos nacionales e internacionales en la Argentina Oxygen therapy during Argentine-based national and international flights

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandro Martínez Fraga

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available No existe estudio que evalúe el estado de la oxigenoterapia en vuelo (OV en nuestro país. El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar los requisitos, dificultades, sistemas y costos de la OV de las companías aéreas nacionales (N e internacionales (I que operan desde Buenos Aires. Se utilizó la misma encuesta telefónica y metodología que el estudio de Stoller y col.12. Los autores se comunicaron telefónicamente con 25 aerolíneas que operaban en los dos aeropuertos de Buenos Aires en julio de 2007, y se interrogó sobre los requisitos necesarios para viajar, sistemas y costos. Se usaron técnicas estadísticas convencionales siendo significativa pThere are no data about supplemental oxygen in flight in our country. The objective of our study was to evaluate arranging in-flight-oxygen required by a simulated traveler, system of administration and costs, and to compare the results between Argentine-based (A and international (I airlines. The questionnaire used was similar to that of Stoller et al12. Data collection consisted of telephone calls placed by one of the authors to all commercial air carriers listed in our two Buenos Aires City airports during July 2007. A structured interview with questions was addressed on issues that an oxygen-using air traveler would need to arrange in-flight oxygen. Of the 25 airlines, 6 were discarded because of lack of information (24%, three A -60%-and one I-16%-. All A allowed in-flightoxygen vs. 80% of I (p<0.05, 100% of A and 94% of I required a medical certificate (p=NS; 71% of A and 100% of I required previous notification (p<0.05; 50% of A and 87% of I provided patient interphases of oxygen administration (p=NS. Free of charge oxygen could be provided by 100% of A and 50% of I, with airline charge between 70 to 300 dollars. In conclusion, we observed different policies, rules, availability, and a pronounced lack of standardization of airline information. The cost of oxygen was very different between

  15. II. Derecho desde arriba y desde abajo: Physis y Nomos69

    OpenAIRE

    Rubio, Mauricio

    2014-01-01

    El ancestral debate entre las dos maneras de ver el mundo, desde arriba o desde abajo, ha tomado en la filosofía y el derecho la forma de dos conceptos paralelos, la naturaleza y la ley, physis y nomos. Desde Platón y Epicúreo, o la filosofía y la retórica entre los griegos, hasta el naturalismo y el historicismo, pasando por el conflicto entre la escolástica y el humanismo en el Renacimiento, se pueden distinguir dos visiones antagónicas, la una centrada en el universo, su estructura y sus t...

  16. Sociology - Czech Republic

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Illner, Michal

    Berlin a Budapešť : GESIS, 2002 - (Kaase, M.; Sparschuh, V.; Wenninger, A.), s. 405-424 ISBN 3-8206-0139-2 R&D Projects: GA AV ČR KSK9058117 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z7028912 Keywords : sociology * Czech republic * State of the discipline Subject RIV: AO - Sociology, Demography

  17. Czech republic (national report)

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Šturma, Pavel

    Warszawa: Centrum Stosunków Miedzynarodowych, 2006 - (Podolski, A.; Jaron, P.), s. 25-47 ISBN 83-88216-99-6 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z70680506 Keywords : European Union * Czech republic * Fundamental Rights Agency Subject RIV: AG - Legal Sciences

  18. Country report - Czech Republic

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Hašková, Hana; Křížková, Alena

    Vídeň : Austrian East and Southeastern Europe Institute, 2000, s. 51-58. [Frauenpolitik und/versus Familienpolitik. Vídeň (AT), 26.11.1999] Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z7028912 Keywords : gender * survey * Czech Republic Subject RIV: AO - Sociology, Demography

  19. Czech Republic, tourism

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Šauer, M.; Frantál, Bohumil

    1. Switzerland: Springer International Publishing, 2015 - (Jafar, J.; Honggen, H.) ISBN 978-3-319-01383-1 R&D Projects: GA MŠk EE2.3.20.0025 Institutional support: RVO:68145535 Keywords : tourism * Czech Republic * sustainability Subject RIV: DE - Earth Magnetism, Geodesy, Geography http://link.springer.com/referenceworkentry/10.1007/978-3-319-01669-6_439-1

  20. Hantavirus reservoir Oligoryzomys longicaudatus spatial distribution sensitivity to climate change scenarios in Argentine Patagonia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    González Paula LM

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Oligoryzomys longicaudatus (colilargo is the rodent responsible for hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS in Argentine Patagonia. In past decades (1967–1998, trends of precipitation reduction and surface air temperature increase have been observed in western Patagonia. We explore how the potential distribution of the hantavirus reservoir would change under different climate change scenarios based on the observed trends. Methods Four scenarios of potential climate change were constructed using temperature and precipitation changes observed in Argentine Patagonia between 1967 and 1998: Scenario 1 assumed no change in precipitation but a temperature trend as observed; scenario 2 assumed no changes in temperature but a precipitation trend as observed; Scenario 3 included changes in both temperature and precipitation trends as observed; Scenario 4 assumed changes in both temperature and precipitation trends as observed but doubled. We used a validated spatial distribution model of O. longicaudatus as a function of temperature and precipitation. From the model probability of the rodent presence was calculated for each scenario. Results If changes in precipitation follow previous trends, the probability of the colilargo presence would fall in the HPS transmission zone of northern Patagonia. If temperature and precipitation trends remain at current levels for 60 years or double in the future 30 years, the probability of the rodent presence and the associated total area of potential distribution would diminish throughout Patagonia; the areas of potential distribution for colilargos would shift eastwards. These results suggest that future changes in Patagonia climate may lower transmission risk through a reduction in the potential distribution of the rodent reservoir. Conclusion According to our model the rates of temperature and precipitation changes observed between 1967 and 1998 may produce significant changes in the rodent

  1. Suspending the next turn as a form of repair initiation: evidence from Argentine Sign Language

    OpenAIRE

    Manrique, Elizabeth; Enfield, N. J.

    2015-01-01

    Practices of other-initiated repair deal with problems of hearing or understanding what another person has said in the fast-moving turn-by-turn flow of conversation. As such, other-initiated repair plays a fundamental role in the maintenance of intersubjectivity in social interaction. This study finds and analyses a special type of other-initiated repair that is used in turn-by-turn conversation in a sign language: Argentine Sign Language (Lengua de Señas Argentina or LSA). We describe a type...

  2. The nuclear community. An anthropological look on the Argentine nuclear development

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Argentine development in the nuclear field is analyzed from an anthropological and sociological standpoint. The author has made his 'field work' at the Reactor and Power Plants sector of the National Atomic Energy Commission. She examines the perception that the scientists and other workers of the nuclear field have of the role of its discipline and consequently of its own role in the society. The analysis is carried out into the framework of the situation of nuclear energy in the world and in Argentina in particular

  3. Le Programme d’Agriculture Urbaine de la ville de Rosario en Argentine

    OpenAIRE

    Montiel, Marta Soler

    2015-01-01

    L’agriculture urbaine prétend répondre efficacement aux défis de la crise globale actuelle en apportant des emplois et des revenus à ceux qui travaillent la terre, des aliments sains et durables à ceux qui mangent les produits, et des services environnementaux à l’ensemble des citoyens. Dans la ville argentine de Rosario (province de Santa Fe), pour faire face à la crise de 2001, l’agriculture urbaine est passée du stade d’alternative agronomique et socioéconomique proposée par l’agroécologie...

  4. Social and cognitive determinants in entrepreneurial interest: an exploratory study among argentine students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ANA MARÍA ROMERO MARTÍNEZ

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we analyze the intentions in creating a business on the part of a group of Argentine students in Strategic Human Resources Management in the University of Buenos Aires. The results of the study show that these students want to create their own business, but their possibilities depend on several factors. Among all of them, self-effi cacy stands out; those students who show more self-effi cacy are those who demonstrate more intention for creating a business. This intention is minor for the students who possess more social support. Neither family charges nor previous experience in entrepreneurship have a signifi cant effect.

  5. Food habits of common barn-owls along an elevational gradient in Andean Argentine Patagonia

    OpenAIRE

    Travaini, Alejandro; Donázar, José A.; Ceballos, Olga; Rodríguez, Alejandro; Hiraldo, F.; Delibes, M.

    1997-01-01

    We evaluated the diet of Common Barn-owls (Tyto alba) along an elevational gradient in Argentine Patagonia. Small mammals (mainly rodents) were the main prey accounting for 93.2% of total prey items. Consumption of rodents appeared to be dependent on their availability. Sizes of mam­ malian prey were variable but most ranged from 10—100 g in body mass. We concluded that the diet of these barn owls could be used as an index of cricetid rodent populations along ...

  6. Graphic correlation of Argentine Precordillera and North American Lower/Middle Ordovician sections

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Walter C.Sweet; Guillermo L.Albanesi

    2006-01-01

    @@ Present work demonstrates that a level equivalent to the proposed Whiterockian basal GSSP can be located graphically in a composite section anchored by the Niquivil section of the Argentine Precordillera. The FAD of Cooperignathus aranda in the Niquivil composite section, a candidate for GSSP of the Lower/Middle Ordovician boundary, projects to a level very close to the FAD of Tripodus laevis in the Whiterockian reference section. The conodont-based framework reported here includes the potential for recognition of the proposed Whiterock Canyon-based GSSP, the Cooperignathus aranda-based GSSP, and, possibly, the Baltoniodus triangularisbased GSSP, recently proposed.

  7. Acceptance and intake of gel and liquid sucrose compositions by the Argentine ant (Hymenoptera: Formicidae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silverman, J; Roulston, T H

    2001-04-01

    Liquids and gels are common delivery forms used in commercial ant baits, but the relative effectiveness of each is unknown. We compared the feeding responses of the Argentine ant, Linepithema humile (Mayr), to liquid and gel compositions of sucrose. In choice assays, more workers were counted on gel than liquid; however, substantially more liquid was consumed. Because workers could stand on the gel, more workers could feed simultaneously on the gel. The feeding bouts of individual workers, however, were much less efficient at extracting sucrose in gel form. Workers fed eightfold longer on the gel, yet removed fivefold less sucrose than workers feeding on liquid. This potential bias should be considered during attraction and palatability studies that use physically different bait compositions. When the toxicant fipronil was added to the compositions, a greater proportion of the colony died after workers had fed on liquid than gel baits. This finding suggests that liquid formulations may provide more effective control of Argentine ants due to the greater speed and abundance in which it is ingested. PMID:11332847

  8. Improving liquid bait programs for Argentine ant control: bait station density.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nelson, Erik H; Daane, Kent M

    2007-12-01

    Argentine ants, Linepithema humile (Mayr), have a positive effect on populations of mealybugs (Pseudococcus spp.) in California vineyards. Previous studies have shown reductions in both ant activity and mealybug numbers after liquid ant baits were deployed in vineyards at densities of 85-620 bait stations/ha. However, bait station densities may need to be bait stations/ha before bait-based strategies for ant control are economically comparable to spray-based insecticide treatments-a condition that, if met, will encourage the commercial adoption of liquid baits for ant control. This research assessed the effectiveness of baits deployed at lower densities. Two field experiments were conducted in commercial vineyards. In experiment 1, baits were deployed at 54-225 bait stations/ha in 2005 and 2006. In experiment 2, baits were deployed at 34-205 bait stations/ha in 2006 only. In both experiments, ant activity and the density of mealybugs in grape fruit clusters at harvest time declined with increasing bait station density. In 2005 only, European fruit lecanium scale [Parthenolecanium corni (Bouché)] were also present in fruit clusters, and scale densities were negatively related to bait station density. The results indicate that the amount of ant and mealybug control achieved by an incremental increase in the number of bait stations per hectare is constant across a broad range of bait station densities. The results are discussed in the context of commercializing liquid ant baits to provide a more sustainable Argentine ant control strategy. PMID:18284776

  9. Efficacy of Argentine propolis formulation for topical treatment of canine otitis externa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L.A Lozina

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The therapeutic effects of Argentine propolis ear drop formulation on canine otitis externa were evaluated. Forty-eight dogs with symptoms of otitis externa were randomly assigned to double-blinded, controlled clinical trial to evaluate the efficacy of topical formulation with propolis versus a topical placebo in the treatment of otitis externa. The propolis preparation and placebo were administrated into both external ear canals, twice daily for 14 days. Throughout the study, clinical examination and microbiological analysis of dogs ear exudates were made. The most frequent microorganisms isolated in culture media were: Malassezia pachydermatis (54.2%, Staphylococcus aureus (43.8%, coagulase-negative Staphylococcus (25.0%, Pseudomonas aeruginosa (20.8%, Candida albicans (18.8%, Proteus mirabilis (16.7%, Streptococcus spp. (16.7%, Enteroccocus faecalis (12.5%, Escherichia coli (12.5%, Staphylococcus intermedius (6.3%, Klebsiella spp. (4.2%, andCandida glabrata (2.1%. Whereas the control group did not recover from the infectious ear disease, the propolis preparation exhibited antimicrobial activity against most of the microorganisms isolated from samples of the treated group. In addition, no propolis-adverse effects were observed. This allowed propolis-treated patients to show a significant improvement of the clinical parameters. Thus, this new Argentine propolis ear drop formulation may be used for topical treatment of otitis externa in dogs.

  10. The Limits of Liberalism in Argentine Provinces 1890-1940: An Analysis of Provincial Expenditures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter J Ross

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines the liberal grounded provincial societies of Argentina from 1890 to 1940. A close examination of provincial government expenditures reveals that these states spent most of their revenues on law and order and education with little being directed to social welfare and to health. This form of government was extremely limited, therefore, in providing for the welfare of most of its citizens, and left many of them excluded from full participation in the political, economic and social life of the nation. The type of liberalism espoused by the Argentine elites effectively undermined the very project of state building that they espoused and resulted in the Peronist revolution of the 1940s when the state, under the slogan of social justice, became much more interventionist in the areas of welfare, health and housing, and much more inclusionist with regard to the Argentine people as a whole. The liberal state, and this includes the provinces, became a victim of its own chosen limitations.

  11. Prosecuting International Crimes at National Level: Lessons from the Argentine ‘Truth-Finding Trials’

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena Maculan

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Truth-finding trials (juicios por la verdad constitute a novel solution devised by the Argentine judicial system to cope with crimes committed by the past military dictatorship. This mechanism uses criminal courts as well as criminal procedure in order to investigate the truth about the dictatorship's crimes; however, the trials allow judges neither to establish criminal responsibility nor to punish the perpetrators of crimes. This limitation is due to the inability, imposed by the Full Stop and Due Obedience Laws, to prosecute the perpetrators of crimes.From the perspective of criminal law, truth-finding trials present two problematic features: firstly, their creation and regulation are set by judges, which has caused the development of many non-homogeneous local solutions and, secondly, their hybrid nature, which entails a possible subversion of conventional forms and goals in the context of the criminal trial.The paper also describes the current situation, since the Argentine impunity laws were declared unconstitutional and criminal proceedings reopened. The new framework provokes questions about the relationship between the reopened criminal trials and the truth-finding investigations, not only with regard to evidentiary issues but also with respect to the reason why the truth-finding investigations are still held.Finally, the shift from a non-punitive approach to the current full criminal accountability seems to suggest that truth-finding trials were merely a temporary solution, while the notion of the full prosecution and punishment of State crimes was never really set aside.

  12. Potential application of Northern Argentine propolis to control some phytopathogenic bacteria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ordóñez, R M; Zampini, I C; Moreno, M I Nieva; Isla, M I

    2011-10-20

    The antimicrobial activity of samples of Northern Argentine propolis (Tucumán, Santiago del Estero and Chaco) against phytopathogenic bacteria was assessed and the most active samples were identified. Minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) values were determined by agar macrodilution and broth microdilution assays. Strong antibacterial activity was detected against Erwinia carotovora spp carotovora CECT 225, Pseudomonas syringae pvar tomato CECT 126, Pseudomonas corrugata CECT 124 and Xanthomonas campestris pvar vesicatoria CECT 792. The most active propolis extract (Tucumán, T1) was selected to bioguide isolation and identified for antimicrobial compound (2',4'-dihydroxychalcone). The antibacterial chalcone was more active than the propolis ethanolic extract (MIC values of 0.5-1 μg ml(-1) and 9.5-15 μg ml(-1), respectively). Phytotoxicity assays were realized and the propolis extracts did not retard germination of lettuce seeds or the growth of onion roots. Propolis solutions applied as sprays on tomato fruits infected with P. syringae reduced the severity of disease. Application of the Argentine propolis extracts diluted with water may be promising for the management of post harvest diseases of fruits. PMID:21237629

  13. Transmission pricing in privately-owned electricity grids: An illustration from the Argentine electricity pool

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Abdala, Manuel A. [LECG, LLC, 1725 Eye St NW - Suite 800, Washington, DC 20006 (United States)

    2008-07-15

    The Argentine electricity reform of 1992 offers an interesting example of decentralized transmission pricing arrangements within a competitive system. This paper is a shortened version of an original analysis made in 1994 of the regulation of the Argentine transmission system, with emphasis on investment cost allocation rules. To make up for the limitation of short-run marginal cost (SRMC) pricing, incentives on service quality were put in place, including penalties for lack of line availability. The mechanism for capacity expansion, based on ad-hoc rules for allocations of investment costs, had the potential to produce non-optimal investment outcomes, as such rules ignored beneficiaries on the demand side. For fine tuning of this system, I proposed an alternative rule based on traditional welfare analysis that broadens the universe of identified beneficiaries, and thus can be expected to produce a fairer outcome on investment cost allocation, reducing the potential risks of non-optimal investment. A brief postscript comments on the paper from the perspective of 2007. (author)

  14. Transmission pricing in privately-owned electricity grids: An illustration from the Argentine electricity pool

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Argentine electricity reform of 1992 offers an interesting example of decentralized transmission pricing arrangements within a competitive system. This paper is a shortened version of an original analysis made in 1994 of the regulation of the Argentine transmission system, with emphasis on investment cost allocation rules. To make up for the limitation of short-run marginal cost (SRMC) pricing, incentives on service quality were put in place, including penalties for lack of line availability. The mechanism for capacity expansion, based on ad-hoc rules for allocations of investment costs, had the potential to produce non-optimal investment outcomes, as such rules ignored beneficiaries on the demand side. For fine tuning of this system, I proposed an alternative rule based on traditional welfare analysis that broadens the universe of identified beneficiaries, and thus can be expected to produce a fairer outcome on investment cost allocation, reducing the potential risks of non-optimal investment. A brief postscript comments on the paper from the perspective of 2007. (author)

  15. Conflits et coopérations en territoire montagnard Mapuche (Argentine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renaud Miniconi

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available La question des autochtones est devenue, durant les deux dernières décennies, une préoccupation majeure dans différents pays du monde, comme en Argentine où environ 600 000 individus se reconnaissent comme tels, soit 1,5 % de sa population totale. Toutefois, ces populations sont encore trop souvent marginalisées à l’échelle de certaines régions, comme c’est le cas pour les Mapuche du Parc National Nahuel Huapi, situé dans les provinces du Rio Negro et de Neuquén. Si les textes internationaux et parfois nationaux réhabilitent certains droits humains essentiels de ces populations, les réalités locales sont plus contrastées, du fait d’intérêts souvent divergents des acteurs régionaux. Dans le contexte particulier d’une Argentine marquée par des difficultés d’accès à la propriété foncière pour une large part de la population, les parcs nationaux se révèlent être des outils pertinents, pour les populations autochtones, de recouvrement de leurs terres ancestrales, grâce en particulier aux processus de co-gestion participative mise en place sur ces territoires.

  16. Egyptian Arab Republic

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this work are given the principal news concerning petroleum and natural gas in Egyptian Arab Republic. An important discovery of natural gas has been made in Khalda (Egyptian Arab Republic). The discovery well will be temporarily abandoned until it is connected to the egyptian pipeline system. In 1996 the south Khalda will be explored with at least two well drilling. The transit duties by the Suez canal for liquefied natural gas exports have decreased of 35%. The Arab Petroleum Pipeline Company studies a connection project of the trans saudi pipeline with the Suez mediterranean pipeline. The Egyptian General Petroleum Corporation will furnish 2,5 milliards of m3 per year of natural gas to Israel during 20 years. (O.L.). 2 figs

  17. Kyrgyz Republic : Student Assessment

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank

    2009-01-01

    In 2009, the Kyrgyz Republic joined the Russia Education Aid for Development (READ) trust fund program, the goal of which is to help countries improve their capacity to design, carry out, analyze, and use assessments for improved student learning. As part of the READ trust fund program, and in order to gain a better understanding of the strengths and weaknesses of its existing assessment s...

  18. Azerbaijan Republic; Selected Issues

    OpenAIRE

    International Monetary Fund

    2005-01-01

    This Selected Issues paper on Azerbaijan Republic reports that the government has made substantial progress in dealing with energy-related subsidies. The domestic market for oil products has been tightly regulated by the government since Azerbaijan gained independence. Azerbaijan is largely self-sufficient in oil products because of its substantial endowment of exhaustible mineral deposits and existing refining capacity. Although Azerbaijan is self-sufficient in oil products, it needs to impo...

  19. Czech Republic [2011

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Linek, Lukáš

    2011-01-01

    Roč. 50, 7-8 (2011), s. 948-954. ISSN 0304-4130 R&D Projects: GA ČR GAP408/10/0584 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z70280505 Keywords : Czech politics * political parties * Czech republic Subject RIV: AD - Politology ; Political Sciences Impact factor: 1.478, year: 2011 http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1475-6765.2011.02017.x/full

  20. Desde el compromiso de las transferencias

    OpenAIRE

    Bonet Bertomeu, Josep María

    2005-01-01

    En Enero de 2002, los Servicios Sanitarios gestionados por el INSALUD fueron transferidos a las diez Comunidades Autónomas que todavía no los habían recibido. Se completó así el mapa territorial de Servicios de Salud Autonómicos, si exceptuamos Ceuta y Melilla que siguen gestionados por la Administración Central. Habiendo transcurrido más de tres años desde aquella fecha se puede ver con cierta perspectiva aquel proceso, algunos de sus componentes y aportar así algo al momento que vive n...

  1. CULTURA POLITICA: ACERCAMIENTO CONCEPTUAL DESDE AMERICA LATINA

    OpenAIRE

    Cecilia Millán La Rivera

    2008-01-01

    Este artículo analiza el concepto de cultura política planteado por los autores Almond y Verba, entregando una breve contextualización del término, para luego centrarse en ciertas críticas surgidas desde Europa y América Latina. A partir de lo anterior, se invita a la reflexión sobre la problemática del concepto de Cultura Política en América Latina, cuestionándose su pertinencia literal, debido al origen ajeno a nuestra realidad. Luego de este análisis, se describen algunos elementos que deb...

  2. Escritos desde la “frontera”

    OpenAIRE

    Serrano, Santiago

    2015-01-01

    Reflexiones sobre la práctica dramatúrgica. Concepción del espacio escénico como espacio de frontera. Sitio donde convergen distintas disciplinas artísticas y el público. Espacio lleno de condicionamientos, pero que permite desplegar desde él la creatividad. Breve reseña de mi trayectoria como dramaturgo y las fronteras que se presentaron a mi paso, no sólo geográficas sino también de lenguaje. La plataforma virtual como soporte para nuevas experiencias creativas. Comentario sobre el proceso ...

  3. Differential use of the Argentine shelf by wintering adults and juveniles southern giant petrels, Macronectes giganteus, from Patagonia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blanco, Gabriela S.; Quintana, Flavio

    2014-08-01

    To study habitat use and at-sea movements of southern giant petrels (SGP) during non-breeding period, we deployed 15 satellite transmitters (six adults, nine juveniles) at Isla Arce and Isla Gran Robredo colonies in Patagonia, Argentina. Birds were instrumented during 81.4 ± 37 days. Adult birds used 74% of the Argentine shelf concentrating mainly at the shelf break, middle shelf waters, and the surroundings of the colony. After fledging, juveniles spread to the Argentine, Uruguayan and Brazilian shelves within the South Atlantic. Adults alternated at-sea excursions (12 ± 5 days) with periods at the colony of 3 ± 0.3 days. Contrarily, juveniles moved first to the shelf break and then traveled northwards reaching the south of Brazil. There was some spatial overlap between age classes, but only during the first 30 days after juveniles had fledged; thereafter there was not overlap between the areas used by both age classes. The Argentine shelf is widely used by different species offering a suitable environment for foraging; this may be why adults SGP from Patagonian colonies spend all year-round within the Argentine shelf. The identification of used areas of non-breeding SGP fills a gap in the species knowledge contributing not only to the preservation the species, but also to the management of marine areas globally recognized as important for many other Procellariiformes.

  4. Analysis of genetic diversity and population structure in Argentine and Bolivian Creole cattle using five loci related to milk production

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lirón J.P.

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Data from five protein-coding loci related to dairy production were used to study the genetic diversity and population structure of Argentine and Bolivian Creole cattle breeds. Genomic DNA was extracted from blood samples of six Creole cattle breeds: Argentine (n = 230, Patagonian (n = 25; "Saavedreño" (n = 140, "Chaqueño Boliviano" (n = 30, "Yacumeño" (n = 27, and "Chusco" (n = 11. kappa-casein, beta-lactoglobulin, growth hormone and prolactin were measured by PCR-RFLP, while alphaS1-casein was typed by PCR-ASO. The results are discussed, focusing on: historical origin, recent differentiation and selection events, Zebu gene introgression, and population structure. This work shows that: (i For the studied genes, the observed gene frequency profiles of Argentine and Bolivian Creole cattle breeds were close to the data reported for Iberian breeds and for other South-American Creole cattle breeds which are historically related; (ii although Zebu gene introgression has been reported at the studied loci, these breeds seem to be far from the Zebu gene frequency profiles; and (iii the Argentine and Bolivian Creole cattle showed significant levels of subdivision, but each population has maintained its degree of genetic variability.

  5. Korea, Republic of

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Republic of Korea started its nuclear activities when it joined the International Atomic Energy Agency in 1957. In 1958 the Atomic Energy Law was enacted and the government established the Office of Atomic Energy in 1959. Its first research reactor was made critical in 1962, and commercial NPP operation began in 1978. From the middle of 1980s, The Republic of Korea launched its self-reliance programme for nuclear power, developing its own reactors, OPR-1000, which are in operation, and APR-1400 which is under construction. Han-Yang University and Seoul National University opened nuclear engineering courses in 1958 and 1959 respectively. Since then, the number of universities offering nuclear engineering courses increased gradually, amounting to seven. The universities have supplied key manpower for the Korean nuclear power programmes. In parallel, the Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute (KAERI) opened its Nuclear Training Centre in 1967, to support manpower development for the nuclear power programmes. Along with the progress of power programmes, a number of training centres have been created specializing in nuclear power operation, nuclear power maintenance, nuclear safety, etc. Nuclear human resource development in the Republic of Korea began with the establishment of a nuclear engineering department in two universities in the late 1950s. Then, the government awarded scholarships to more than 200 scientists for their study of nuclear energy abroad (1958-1962), as seeds for the future development of nuclear technology. In the 1960s, Korean nuclear education and training dealt with basic nuclear technology such as the utilization of radioisotopes and radiation protection. In the 1970s, education and training was oriented to basic nuclear power technology using the TRIGA Mark II research reactor at KAERI for personnel from the nuclear power project. This was expanded to include education and training in conventional fossil fuel power plants, and oversee on

  6. Investment Climate in Kyrgyz Republic

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank Group

    2015-01-01

    The World Bank Group’s investment climate project conducted a survey of foreign investors in the Kyrgyz Republic - both those currently operating and those that have terminated their operations for various reasons. The purpose of the survey was to assess selected aspects of the investment policy and legal environment in place in the Kyrgyz Republic, so as to determine whether the current r...

  7. Desde el compromiso de las transferencias

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bonet Bertomeu, Josep María

    2005-02-01

    Full Text Available En Enero de 2002, los Servicios Sanitarios gestionados por el INSALUD fueron transferidos a las diez Comunidades Autónomas que todavía no los habían recibido. Se completó así el mapa territorial de Servicios de Salud Autonómicos, si exceptuamos Ceuta y Melilla que siguen gestionados por la Administración Central. Habiendo transcurrido más de tres años desde aquella fecha se puede ver con cierta perspectiva aquel proceso, algunos de sus componentes y aportar así algo al momento que vive nuestro sistema, siempre con ánimo de enriquecer el debate.…

  8. CULTURA POLITICA: ACERCAMIENTO CONCEPTUAL DESDE AMERICA LATINA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cecilia Millán La Rivera

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo analiza el concepto de cultura política planteado por los autores Almond y Verba, entregando una breve contextualización del término, para luego centrarse en ciertas críticas surgidas desde Europa y América Latina. A partir de lo anterior, se invita a la reflexión sobre la problemática del concepto de Cultura Política en América Latina, cuestionándose su pertinencia literal, debido al origen ajeno a nuestra realidad. Luego de este análisis, se describen algunos elementos que debiesen tenerse en cuenta para adecuar el concepto a la realidad latinoamericana, a fin de hacer más pertinente su uso.

  9. Linux desde código fuente

    OpenAIRE

    Constantin Bungarzan, Adrian

    2014-01-01

    Compilación e instalación de un sistema operativo Linux desde código fuente. El resultado final es una versión de Linux mínima con interfaz gráfica y con algunas utilidades y librerías para realizar tareas de auditoría en redes y en el sistema. Compilació i instal·lació d'un sistema operatiu Linux des de codi font. El resultat final és una versió de Linux mínima amb interfície gràfica i amb algunes utilitats i llibreries per realitzar tasques d'auditoria en xarxes i en el sistema....

  10. Adjective checklist to assess the big five personality factors in the Argentine population.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ledesma, Rubén D; Sánchez, Roberto; Díaz-Lázaro, Carlos M

    2011-01-01

    The aim of this work was to develop an adjective checklist to assess the Big Five personality factors in the Argentine population. The new instrument was administered to pilot (n= 112), validation (n= 372), and replication (n= 309) samples. The final version of the checklist included 67 adjectives encompassing its 5 dimensions. Factor analysis results were consistent with the Five-factor model. Internal consistency of scales was very good and convergent correlations with the Big Five Inventory (BFI; John, Donahue, & Kentle, 1991) were substantial. Face validity, as evaluated by 2 independent raters, was good. Preliminary evidence of validity for the checklist is presented. Finally, the Adjective Checklist for Personality Assessment and BFI are compared, taking into consideration their psychometric properties in our cultural context. Study limitations and future research are discussed. PMID:21184330

  11. Dynamics and genetic structure of Argentine ant supercolonies in their native range

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vogel, Valérie; Pedersen, Jes S; d'Ettorre, Patrizia;

    2009-01-01

    analyses revealed the presence of 11 supercolonies (width 1 to 515 m) over a 3-km transect. As in the introduced range, there was always strong aggression between but never within supercolonies. The genetic data were in perfect agreement with the behavioral tests, all nests being assigned to identical......Some introduced ant populations have an extraordinary social organization, called unicoloniality, whereby individuals mix freely within large supercolonies. We investigated whether this mode of social organization also exists in native populations of the Argentine ant Linepithema humile. Behavioral...... units. Genetic and chemical distances between supercolonies were positively correlated, but there were no other significant associations between geographic, genetic, chemical, and behavioral distances. A comparison of supercolonies sampled in 1999 and 2005 revealed a very high turnover, with about one...

  12. Diet and genotype effects on the quality index of beef produced in the Argentine Pampeana region.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Latimori, N J; Kloster, A M; García, P T; Carduza, F J; Grigioni, G; Pensel, N A

    2008-07-01

    Steers of varying genotypes (Aberdeen Angus, Charolais x AA and Argentine Holstein) in four feeding systems were evaluated. Feeding systems were: S1=a diet based on pastures only; S2=a similar forage base as S1 plus a daily supplementation with cracked corn, at 0.7% of l.w./head/day; S3=a similar forage base as S1 plus a daily supplementation with cracked corn, at 1.0% of l.w./head/day; and S4=a regular feedlot diet. Tenderness and marbling were not affected by the feeding system. Feedlot meat showed an n-6/n-3 ratio significantly higher than meat produced with the diets based on pastures (S1=2.1; S2=3.1; S3=4.5; S4=14.2) (Pmeat with better nutritional characteristics than other productive alternatives, without significant effects of the biotypes. PMID:22062907

  13. Valvulopathy consistent with endocarditis in an Argentine boa (Boa constrictor occidentalis).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wernick, Morena B; Novo-Matos, José; Ebling, Alessia; Kühn, Karolin; Ruetten, Maja; Hilbe, Monika; Howard, Judith; Chang, Rita; Prohaska, Sarah; Hatt, Jean-Michel

    2015-03-01

    An Argentine boa (Boa constrictor occidentalis) of 5 yr 7 mo of age was presented for respiratory problems and regurgitation. Radiographs revealed evidence of cardiomegaly and pneumonia. Blood smear examination revealed the presence of intracytoplasmic inclusion bodies in peripheral lymphocytes, consistent with inclusion body disease. Cultures of a tracheal wash sample resulted in growth of Ochrobactrum intermedium and Pseudomonas putida. Echocardiographic examination revealed a large vegetative lesion on the right atrioventricular valve with valvular insufficiency, a mildly dilated right atrium, and pulmonary hypertension. Postmortem examination confirmed the presence of pneumonia and bacterial endocarditis with dystrophic mineralization of the right atrioventricular valve, associated with different bacteria than those cultured from the tracheal wash. The present case is the first report of endocarditis in a boa constrictor and contributes to the rare reports of cardiac disease in snakes. PMID:25831585

  14. Basis for the implementation of digital signature in Argentine's health environment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The growth of telemedical applications and electronic transactions in health environments is paced by the constant technology evolution. This implies a big cultural change in traditional medicine and in hospital information systems' users which arrival is delayed, basically, by the lack of solid laws and a well defined role-based infrastructure. The use of digital signature as a mean of identification, authentication, confidentiality and non-repudiation is the most suitable tool for assuring the electronic transactions and patient's data protection. The implementation of a Public Key Infrastructure (PKI) in health environment allows for authentication, encryption and use of digital signature for assuring confidentiality and control of the movement of sensitive information. This work defines the minimum technological, legal and procedural basis for a successful PKI implementation and establishes the roles for the different actors in the chain of confidence in the public health environment of Argentine

  15. Copi et Puig, ovnis du théâtre argentin ?

    OpenAIRE

    Souquet, Lionel

    2015-01-01

    C’est en 1968 que Copi (Raúl Damonte Botana, 1939-1987) publie sa première pièce, La journée d’une rêveuse puis, un an plus tard, la très iconoclaste Eva Peron. Par son milieu familial, Copi a baigné dès l’enfance dans la vie théâtrale internationale et a été fortement influencé par sa grand-mère, la dramaturge anarcho-féministe Salvadora Medina Onrubia de Botana. Mais, vivant en exil avec sa famille, Copi est coupé de la réalité de la scène argentine et il écrit d’ailleurs ses premières pièc...

  16. Pratiques alimentaires et (re)construction identitaire chez des migrants boliviens de retour d’Argentine

    OpenAIRE

    Suremain, Charles-Édouard de

    2010-01-01

    L’étude anthropologique des pratiques alimentaires de migrants boliviens de retour ayant longuement séjourné en Argentine permet d’aborder la problématique de la migration et de l’identité : la construction sociale, réelle et imaginaire, de la migration ne passe-t-elle pas aussi par l’alimentation ? Ce que l’on mange ici et là-bas éclaire, en creux, le succès ou l’échec donné à la migration par les migrants et aide à comprendre plus finement les significations locales données à la pauvreté et...

  17. Proceedings of the eighth scientific meeting; second latin american meeting; first engineering and argentine nuclear industry exposition at Buenos Aires, 5-10 november 1979

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Compilation of 59 papers of different authors, most of whom are personnel from the Argentine National Atomic Energy Commission (CNEA), the others belonging to the firms involved in the development of the Argentine Nuclear Programme. The papers are arranged in 7 sections comprising the following groups of subjects; experimental and power reactors; fuel elements' fabrication study; prospection, extraction, production and study of nuclear materials; radiological and nuclear safety; instrumentation and control; quality assurance, and technological applications. (R.J.S.)

  18. Variation in the proximate composition and fatty acid profile recovered from Argentine hake (Merluccius hubbsi) waste from Patagonia

    OpenAIRE

    Cretton, M.; Rost, E.; Mazzuca Sobczuk, T.; Mazzuca, M.

    2016-01-01

    The fish processing operations in Patagonia produce large amounts of waste. The main fishery resource in Argentina is the Argentine hake (Merluccius hubbsi). The ports of the province of Chubut (the most important of which are Puerto Madryn, Rawson and Comodoro Rivadavia), together with Caleta Paula Port (province of Santa Cruz), in the Argentine Patagonia, capture more than 82,000 tons of hake annualy, 80% of which are of M. hubbsi, which is mostly converted into fillets. From this capture, ...

  19. Development of virtual bait stations to control Argentine ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in environmentally sensitive habitats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Choe, Dong-Hwan; Vetter, Richard S; Rust, Michael K

    2010-10-01

    A novel bait station referred to as a virtual bait station was developed and tested against field populations of the invasive Argentine ant, Linepithema humile (Mayr) (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), at White Beach, Camp Pendleton, in Oceanside, CA. White Beach is a nesting habitat for an endangered seabird, the California least tern (Sterna antillarum browni Mearns). The beach is heavily infested with Argentine ants, one of the threats for the California least tern chicks. Conventional pest control strategies are prohibited because of the existence of the protected bird species and the site's proximity to the ocean. The bait station consisted of a polyvinyl chloride pipe that was treated on the inside with fipronil insecticide at low concentrations to obtain delayed toxicity against ants. The pipe was provisioned with an inverted bottle of 25% sucrose solution, then capped, and buried in the sand. Foraging ants crossed the treated surface to consume the sucrose solution. The delayed toxicity of fipronil deposits allowed the ants to continue foraging on the sucrose solution and to interact with their nestmates, killing them within 3-5 d after exposure. Further modification of the bait station design minimized the accumulation of dead ants in the sucrose solution, significantly improving the longevity and efficacy of the bait station. The virtual bait station exploits the foraging behavior of the ants and provides a low impact approach to control ants in environmentally sensitive habitats. It excluded all insects except ants, required only milligram quantities of toxicant, and eliminated the problem of formulating toxicants into aqueous sugar baits. PMID:21061977

  20. The effect of airborne particles and weather conditions on pediatric respiratory infections in Cordoba, Argentine

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We studied the effect of estimated PM10 on respiratory infections in children from Cordoba, Argentine as well as the influence of weather factors, socio-economic conditions and education. We analyzed upper and lower respiratory infections and applied a time-series analysis with a quasi-Poisson distribution link function. To control for seasonally varying factors we fitted cubic smoothing splines of date. We also examined community-specific parameters and differences in susceptibility by sex. We found a significant association between particles and respiratory infections. This relationship was affected by mean temperature, atmospheric pressure and wind speed. These effects were stronger in fall, winter and spring for upper respiratory infections while for lower respiratory infections the association was significant only during spring. Low socio-economic conditions and low education levels increased the risk of respiratory infections. These findings add useful information to understand the influence of airborne particles on children health in developing countries. - Highlights: ► Few information is available on children respiratory health from developing countries. ► We modeled the association between PM10 and children's respiratory infections. ► We checked the influence of weather factors, socio-economic conditions, education and sex. ► Temperature, pressure and wind speed modified the effect of particles. ► Low socio-economic conditions and low education levels increased the risk of infections. - The concentration of airborne particles as well as low socio-economic conditions and low education levels are significant risk factors for upper and lower respiratory infections in children from Cordoba, Argentine.

  1. Therapeutic Argentine tango dancing for people living with Parkinson’s disease: a feasibility study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura M Blandy

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Background: Individuals living with Parkinson’s disease (PD can experience a range of movement disorders. Therapeutic dance is enjoyable and thought to improve mobility, balance and well being in some people with PD. The primary objective of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and safety of a 4 week Argentine tango dance program for people with PD. Methods: Six community dwelling individuals with mild-moderate PD were recruited from Parkinson’s support groups, movement disorder clinics and the Parkinson’s disease Association in Australia. To minimise falls risk, participants were required to be less than 75 years of age and physically independent (Hoehn and Yahr stages I-III. They were also required to speak English. Participants attended a 1 hour dance class at a dance studio twice per week for 4 weeks. A professional dance instructor led and choreographed the classes. Physiotherapists were present to assist participants during the class and served as dance partners as necessary. The primary outcome was feasibility which was determined by measures of recruitment, adherence, attrition, safety (falls, near misses and adverse events and resource requirements. Secondary measures included the Beck Depression Inventory and the Euroqol-5D, administered at baseline and post intervention. Therapy outcomes pre and post-intervention were analysed descriptively as medians and inter-quartile ranges and using Wilcoxon matched pair signed-rank tests.Results: The Argentine tango dance intervention was shown to be safe, with no adverse events. Adherence to the dance program was 89%. Depression scores improved after intervention (p=0.04. Some challenges were associated with the need to quickly recruitment participants and supplying physiotherapists to act as dance partners. Conclusion: The program was shown to be feasible and safe for people with mild to moderately severe PD.

  2. Floral visitation by the Argentine ant reduces bee visitation and plant seed set.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hanna, Cause; Naughton, Ida; Boser, Christina; Alarcón, Ruben; Hung, Keng-Lou James; Holway, David

    2015-01-01

    Ants often visit flowers, but have only seldom been documented to provide effective pollination services. Floral visitation by ants can also compromise plant reproduction in situations where ants interfere with more effective pollinators. Introduced ants may be especially likely to reduce plant reproductive success through floral visitation, but existing experimental studies have found little support for this hypothesis. Here, we combine experimental and observational approaches to examine the importance of floral visitation by the nonnative Argentine ant (Linepithema humile) on plant species native to Santa Cruz Island, California, USA. First, we determine how L. humile affects floral visitor diversity, bee visitation rates, and levels of pollen limitation for the common, focal plant species island morning glory (Calystegia macrostegia ssp. macrostegia). Second, we assess the broader ecological consequences of floral visitation by L. humile by comparing floral visitation networks between invaded and uninvaded sites. The Argentine ant and native ants both visited island morning glory flowers, but L. humile was much more likely to behave aggressively towards other floral visitors and to be the sole floral occupant. The presence of L. humile in morning glory flowers reduced floral visitor diversity, decreased rates of bee visitation, and increased levels of pollen limitation. Network comparisons between invaded and uninvaded. sites revealed differences in both network structure and species-level attributes. In. invaded sites, floral visitors were observed on fewer plant species, ants had a higher per-plant interaction strength relative to that of other visitors, and interaction strengths between bees and plants were weaker. These results illustrate that introduced ants can negatively affect plant reproduction and potentially disrupt pollination services at an ecosystem scale. PMID:26236907

  3. Culture et propagande franquiste dans l’Argentine péroniste

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laurent Bonardi

    2004-09-01

    Full Text Available La fin de la Seconde Guerre Mondiale et la condamnation internationale de l’Espagne plongent le régime franquiste dans une situation très délicate. Cependant, le gouvernement argentin du général Peron devient un véritable gilet de sauvetage pour la dictature espagnole. Le régime du Caudillo profite de ce contexte pour développer une propagande très intense dans le Rio de la Plata. Pour mener à bien les différentes actions de propagande, les représentants espagnols en Argentine devront lutter contre les activités antifranquistes des exilés.La conclusión de la Segunda Guerra Mundial y la condena internacional de España sumen al régimen franquista en una muy delicada coyuntura. Sin embargo, el gobierno argentino del general Perón se convierte en un auténtico chaleco salvavidas para la dictadura española. El régimen del Caudillo aprovecha este contexto para desarrollar una intensa propaganda en el Río de la Plata. Para llevar a cabo las distintas acciones propagandísticas, los representantes españoles en Argentina tendrán que luchar contra las actividades antifranquistas de los exiliados.The end of World War II and the international condemnation of Spain put Franco’s regime in a very delicate situation. However, the Argentinian government of the general Peron appeared as a “life jacket” for the Spanish dictatorship. The government of the Caudillo used this context to develop a very intense propaganda in the Rio de la Plata. Still, to conclude their various propagandist actions, the Spanish representatives in Argentina had to fight against the activities of antifranquist people in exile.

  4. First finding of melanic sylvatic Triatoma infestans (Hemiptera: Reduviidae) colonies in the Argentine Chaco.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ceballos, L A; Piccinali, R V; Berkunsky, I; Kitron, U; Gürtler, R E

    2009-09-01

    Triatoma infestans (Klug), the most important vector of Chagas disease in southern South America, is a highly domiciliated species with well-known sylvatic foci only in the Bolivian Andean valleys and in the Bolivian Chaco, where melanic insects designated as "dark morphs" were found. After the tentative identification of two melanic bugs collected from parrot nests in a forest reserve in the Argentine Chaco as T. infestans, we conducted an intensive search there using mouse-baited sticky traps in summer 2006 and 2007. Four live T. infestans bugs were collected in trees without parrot nests in 288 trap-nights, whereas no bug was collected from inside trees with active parrot nests in 51 trap-nights. To increase bug captures, hollow tree trunks that recently had had Amazona aestiva (Berlepsch) and Aratinga acuticaudata (Vieillot) parrot nests were treated with insecticide fumigant canisters exhibiting strong knockdown power. Four (22%) of 18 trees were positive for T. infestans with a dark phenotype. A fragment of the mitochondrial gene COI of 8 of the 14 triatomine bugs collected was successfully sequenced and confirmed as T. infestans. Most of the bugs were captured from Aspidosperma quebracho-blanco (Schlechter) hollow tree trunks harboring parrot nests. All of the T. infestans collected from the nearest house located at 10 km from the sylvatic foci displayed normal chromatic characters. The repeated finding of T. infestans in sylvatic habitats, albeit at very low density, shows that this species is capable of maintaining viable sylvatic foci in the absence of human hosts and immigration from domestic populations. These are the first confirmed findings of sylvatic T. infestans colonies in Argentina and of dark morphs in the Argentine Chaco. PMID:19769054

  5. First Finding of Melanic Sylvatic Triatoma infestans (Hemiptera: Reduviidae) Colonies in the Argentine Chaco

    Science.gov (United States)

    CEBALLOS, L. A.; PICCINALI, R. V.; BERKUNSKY, I.; KITRON, U.; GÜRTLER, R. E.

    2009-01-01

    Triatoma infestans (Klug), the most important vector of Chagas disease in southern South America, is a highly domiciliated species with well-known sylvatic foci only in the Bolivian Andean valleys and in the Bolivian Chaco, where melanic insects designated as “dark morphs” were found. After the tentative identification of two melanic bugs collected from parrot nests in a forest reserve in the Argentine Chaco as T. infestans, we conducted an intensive search there using mouse-baited sticky traps in summer 2006 and 2007. Four live T. infestans bugs were collected in trees without parrot nests in 288 trap-nights, whereas no bug was collected from inside trees with active parrot nests in 51 trap-nights. To increase bug captures, hollow tree trunks that recently had had Amazona aestiva (Berlepsch) and Aratinga acuticaudata (Vieillot) parrot nests were treated with insecticide fumigant canisters exhibiting strong knockdown power. Four (22%) of 18 trees were positive for T. infestans with a dark phenotype. A fragment of the mitochondrial gene COI of 8 of the 14 triatomine bugs collected was successfully sequenced and confirmed as T. infestans. Most of the bugs were captured from Aspidosperma quebracho-blanco (Schlechter) hollow tree trunks harboring parrot nests. All of the T. infestans collected from the nearest house located at 10 km from the sylvatic foci displayed normal chromatic characters. The repeated finding of T. infestans in sylvatic habitats, albeit at very low density, shows that this species is capable of maintaining viable sylvatic foci in the absence of human hosts and immigration from domestic populations. These are the first confirmed findings of sylvatic T. infestans colonies in Argentina and of dark morphs in the Argentine Chaco. PMID:19769054

  6. Marine fronts are important fishing areas for demersal species at the Argentine Sea (Southwest Atlantic Ocean)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alemany, Daniela; Acha, Eduardo M.; Iribarne, Oscar O.

    2014-03-01

    The high primary and secondary production associated with frontal systems attract a diversity of organisms due to high prey availability; this is why a strong relationship between fronts and pelagic fisheries has been shown worldwide. In the Argentine Sea, demersal resources are the most important, both in economical and in ecological sense; so we hypothesize that fronts are also preferred fishing areas for demersal resources. We evaluated the relationship between spatial distribution of fishing effort and oceanographic fronts, analyzing three of the most important frontal systems located in the Argentine Sea: the shelf-break front, the southern Patagonia front and the mid-shelf front. Individual vessel satellite monitoring system data (VMS; grouped by fleet type: ice-trawlers, freezer-trawlers and jigging fleet) were studied and fishing events were identified. Fishing events per area were used as a proxy of fishing effort and its spatial distribution by fleet type was visualized and analyzed with Geographic Information Systems. Oceanographic fronts were defined using polygons based on satellite chlorophyll amplitude values, and the percentage of fishing events within each polygon was calculated. Results showed a positive association between fronts and fishing activities of the different fleets, which suggests the aggregation of target species in these zones. The coupling of the freezer-trawler and jigging fleets (that operate on lower trophic level species; Macruronus magellanicus and Illex argentinus respectively) with fronts was higher than the ice-trawler fleet, targeting species of higher trophic level (Merluccius hubbsi). Marine fronts represent important fishing areas, even for demersal resources, as the distribution of fishing fleets and fishing effort are positively associated with frontal zones.

  7. Argentina; Argentine

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-04-01

    This economical study summarizes the energy situation of Argentina: energy institutions and policy, energy companies (oil, electricity, gas, coal), energy supplies (resources, power production, petroleum, natural gas), prices and tariffs, consumption, economical stakes and perspectives (investments, agreements, projects). Energy data for the 1971-1999 period are summarized in graphs and tables. (J.S.)

  8. Czech Republic [Country report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The safety indicators can provide valuable information concerning long-term safety of deep geological repository. Therefore, the research focused on safety indicators forms a part of the Czech deep disposal programme. It is supposed that around 3,720 t of spent nuclear fuel will be produced in the Czech Republic. The concept of deep disposal is based on granitic host rock using bentonites as buffer/backfill material. Brief geology of the Czech Republic is presented in the article. Three main sources were used for collection of reference data on concentration and fluxes of natural radionuclides - Geofond (hydrogeological objects), State Office for Nuclear Safety (potable water monitoring system - radionuclides) and Czech Hydrometeorological Institute (groundwater and surface water quality system). Large dataset was collected demonstrating existence of many rock bodies with radioactive element concentration above average values. This phenomenon also generally results in higher content of radionuclides in groundwater, radon in air and finally in radiation exposure of population (3.67 mSv/year). Extraordinary concentration of radioactivity is illustrated at the example of Joachimstahl radon spa waters (units of kBq/l). The most portion of data are available in a form of gross alpha and beta activities; data about individual radionuclides are much rare. Relevant data about past uranium production are specified. Finally, information about legislatively-determined limits of radionuclides in building materials and potable water are presented. (author)

  9. Educational Ethics and the DESD: Considering Trade-Offs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schlottmann, Christopher

    2008-01-01

    The United Nation's Decade of Education for Sustainable Development (DESD) aims to prepare students for pressing economic and environmental problems. In this article, I argue that an exclusive emphasis on an ambiguous goal, sustainable development, raises important questions for educational ethics. Specifically, I argue that DESD mission…

  10. The text of the agreement of 22 July 1977 between Argentina and the Agency for the application of safeguards in connection with a contract concluded between the Comision Nacional de Energia Atomica (Argentina) and the Reactor Brennelement Union GmbH Hanau (Federal Republic of Germany) for co-operation in the field of fabrication of fuel elements for peaceful nuclear activities

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Agreement between the Republic of Argentina, the Federative Republic of Brazil, the Brazilian-Argentine Agency for Accounting and Control of Nuclear Materials and the International Atomic Energy Agency for the Application of Safeguards came into force on 4 March 1994. As a result of the coming into force of the aforesaid Agreement for Argentina, the application of safeguards under the Agreement of 22 July 1977 between Argentina and the IAEA for the application of safeguards in connection with a contract concluded between the Comision Nacional de Energia Atomica (Argentina) and the Reactor Brennelement Union GmbH Hanau (Federal Republic of Germany) for co-operation in the field of fabrication of fuel elements for peaceful nuclear activities has been suspended

  11. Nuclear power in Czech and Slovak Republics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The nuclear power in Czech and Slovak Republics has been described. Nuclear power plants contribute 28% to the whole energy production (12.1 TWh in Czech republic and 11.7 in Slovak Republic). The Czech and Slovak Republics' nuclear power generation programme assumes to build in these Republics further nuclear power stations with higher efficiency and better safety parameters. 12 figs, 5 tabs

  12. Nestor Kirchner (2003-2007) : rupture ou continuite du peronisme ? Les mutations du populisme en Argentine

    OpenAIRE

    Doz, Emilie

    2015-01-01

    Ce texte est un extrait du quatrième chapitre de la thèse « Néstor Kirchner (2003-2007) : Rupture ou continuité du péronisme. Les mutations du populisme en Argentine ». Le 25 mai 2003, le peuple argentin assistait à l’investiture présidentielle du candidat du Frente Para la Victoria, Néstor Kirchner. Suite à la défection de Carlos Menem pendant l’entre-deux tours, il est élu avec 22% des suffrages. Malgré cette faible légitimité, il réussit à insuffler un changement certain dans la politique ...

  13. Network composition, collaborative ties, and upgrading in emerging-market firms: Lessons from the Argentine autoparts sector

    OpenAIRE

    Gerald A. McDermott; Rafael A Corredoira

    2010-01-01

    What types of relational and institutional mechanisms shape knowledge flows and the upgrading capabilities of emerging-market firms in the face of economic liberalization? We analyze the Argentine autoparts sector to distinguish the relative impact of different types of network relationships on a firm's process and product upgrading. A few social ties to international assemblers appear to be most beneficial for local suppliers, although they may be insufficient to compensate fully for the neg...

  14. Aesthetic campaigns and counter-campaigns. Jorge Luis Borges and a century of the Argentine detective story (1877-1977)

    OpenAIRE

    Barrett, Eoin George

    2013-01-01

    This cultural history of Argentine crime fiction involves a comprehensive analysis of the literary and critical traditions within the genre, paying particular attention to the series of ‘aesthetic campaigns’ waged by Jorge Luis Borges and others during the period between 1933 and 1977. The methodological approach described in the introductory chapter builds upon the critical insight that in Argentina, generic discourse has consistently been the domain, not only of literary critics in the trad...

  15. Samosprávné podniky v Argentině jako sociální hnutí

    OpenAIRE

    Virtová, Tereza

    2011-01-01

    This thesis aims to elaborate a case study of self-managed factories, which has been emerging in Argentina after the economic crisis in 2001. Mainly the conflictive origin, organization, role of the state and the dynamics of the movement of self-managed factories is discussed. This paper is based on European tradition of social movements' analysis and seeks to characterize movement of Argentine self-managed factories as so called old or new social movement. This dividing line will ultimately ...

  16. Motives for inter-firm cooperation on R&D and innovation: empirical evidence from Argentine and Spain

    OpenAIRE

    Edwards-Schachter, Mónica; Anlló, Guillermo; Castro-Martínez, Elena; Sánchez-Barrioluengo, Mabel; Fernández de Lucio, Ignacio

    2012-01-01

    Motives and determinants supporting inter-firm technological cooperation have been extensively investigated in developed countries but scarcely addressed in developing countries. This paper addresses these issues, investigating empirically several factors influencing the likelihood to cooperate on R&D and innovation between Argentine and Spanish firms, their strategic motives and firms characteristics which influence cooperation. We draw upon data collected through a survey of 104 firms and c...

  17. Cell-mediated immunity and lymphocyte populations in experimental Argentine hemorrhagic fever (Junín Virus).

    OpenAIRE

    Carballal, G; Oubiña, J. R.; Rondinone, S N; Elsner, B; Frigerio, M J

    1981-01-01

    Guinea pigs infected with the XJ prototype strain of Junín virus reproduce the main features of Argentine hemorrhagic fever, showing hemorrhages, leukothrombocytopenia, and focal lymphoid tissue necrosis. Viral lymphotropism is shown by the presence of viral antigens, severe cytopathic effect, and high virus titers in lymphoid organs. A pronounced depression of humoral immune response to sheep erythrocytes as well as to the virus is described. This study was carried out to determine whether c...

  18. Moderls of Internationzation of Two Argentine Pharmaceutical Companies in Historical Perspective: The Cases of Bagó and Sidus

    OpenAIRE

    Campins, Mónica

    2015-01-01

    Internationalization is not a simple decision but rather a complex strategy that requires the presence of tangible and intangible resources that, in the case of a family firm, call for careful analysis. To understand this process, the present study reconstructs the historical trajectories of two important Argentine laboratories, Bagó and Sidus, in historical perspective, using the stage approach of the Uppsala school (U-model) and the perspective of resources and capacities (resource-based vi...

  19. Slowdown of Circumpolar Deepwater flow during the Late Neogene: Evidence from a mudwave field at the Argentine continental slope

    OpenAIRE

    Gruetzner, Jens; Uenzelmann-Neben, Gabriele; Franke, Dieter; Arndt, Jan Erik

    2014-01-01

    Geochemical evidence from boreholes suggests enhanced transport of Northern Component Water (NCW) to southern latitudes from about 6 Ma onwards. However, information on how this change in transport influenced the intensity and position of current systems is sparse. Here we use seismic reflection profiles interpreted together with bathymetric data to investigate current derived deposits at the central Argentine Margin. Upslope migrating mudwaves overlying a late Miocene erosional unconformity ...

  20. Floral visitation by the Argentine ant reduces pollinator visitation and seed set in the coast barrel cactus, Ferocactus viridescens.

    Science.gov (United States)

    LeVan, Katherine E; Hung, Keng-Lou James; McCann, Kyle R; Ludka, John T; Holway, David A

    2014-01-01

    Mounting evidence indicates that trade-offs between plant defense and reproduction arise not only from resource allocation but also from interactions among mutualists. Indirect costs of plant defense by ants, for example, can outweigh benefits if ants deter pollinators. Plants can dissuade ants from occupying flowers, but such arrangements may break down when novel ant partners infiltrate mutualisms. Here, we examine how floral visitation by ants affects pollination services when the invasive Argentine ant (Linepithema humile) replaces a native ant species in a food-for-protection mutualism with the coast barrel cactus (Ferocactus viridescens), which, like certain other barrel cacti, produces extrafloral nectar. We compared the effects of floral visitation by the Argentine ant with those of the most prevalent native ant species (Crematogaster californica). Compared to C. californica, the Argentine ant was present in higher numbers in flowers. Cactus bees (Diadasia spp.), the key pollinators in this system, spent less time in flowers when cacti were occupied by the Argentine ant compared to when cacti were occupied by C. californica. Presumably as a consequence of decreased duration of floral visits by Diadasia, cacti occupied by L. humile set fewer seeds per fruit and produced fewer seeds overall compared to cacti occupied by C. californica. These data illustrate the importance of mutualist identity in cases where plants balance multiple mutualisms. Moreover, as habitats become increasingly infiltrated by introduced species, the loss of native mutualists and their replacement by non-native species may alter the shape of trade-offs between plant defense and reproduction. PMID:23892582

  1. Territorial plannnig in a river basin with high erosion level using multicriteria decision methods in cordoba province(argentine)

    OpenAIRE

    Grau Olive, Juan Bautista; Antón Corrales, José Manuel; Cisneros, J.M.; Andina de la Fuente, Diego; Tarquis Alfonso, Ana Maria; Prada, M.; A. Degioanni; Cantero, A.

    2010-01-01

    The erosion-sedimentation-flooding processes in large zones of Argentine are a critical problem that involve complex relationships with technological, economic, social and environmental cause-effect. The increasing of agricultural activities in new areas previously with forestry or pasture could produce irreversible environmental impacts. It is necessary to prepare a spatial plan taking into consideration, economic development, social cohesion, environmental quality and progressive desertific...

  2. Molina’s Touch and Dorda’s Music: The Schizophrenia of Gender in Post-dictatorial Argentine Fiction

    OpenAIRE

    Bhaumik, Munia

    2008-01-01

    This paper proposes to analyze the “woman question” in relation to tropes of schizophrenia in post-dictatorial queer Argentine fiction. Gilles Deleuze and Felix Guttari’s claim in Anti-Oedipus: Capitalism and Schizophrenia states: “schizoanalysis must devote itself with all its strength to the necessary destructions….. Destroying beliefs and representations, theatrical scenes. And when engaged in this task no activity will be too malevolent.” Similarly, Manuel Puig’s El Beso de la mujer ...

  3. Desde el proyecto 6x4

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diana Soto Arango

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available El Proyecto 6X4 tiene por objeto estudiar seis profesiones desde cuatro ejes de análisis bajo los lineamientos del denominado Proceso de Bolonia de la Unión Europea, en este caso, en concordancia con América Latina y el Caribe. En el proyecto general participan 60 universidades de América Latina y de Europa. En nuestro continente se localizan 12 países y actualmente, la dirección del Proyecto 6X4 está liderada por ASCUN en Colombia. Este trabajo presenta la situación actual en la formación de la carrera de “Historia” y de Ciencias Sociales en pregrado y postgrado, con el eje de análisis de “investigación e innovación” en el citado Proyecto 6X4. Específicamente, se presentan las competencias en el citado eje de análisis. Al final, se toma la experiencia de RUDECOLOMBIA, para replantear la formación en Maestrías y Doctorados. dentro de esta Red académica.

  4. Influence of toxic bait type and starvation on worker and queen mortality in laboratory colonies of Argentine ant (Hymenoptera: Formicidae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mathieson, Melissa; Toft, Richard; Lester, Philip J

    2012-08-01

    The efficacy of toxic baits should be judged by their ability to kill entire ant colonies, including the colony queen or queens. We studied the efficacy of four toxic baits to the Argentine ant, Linepithema humile (Mayr) (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). These baits were Xstinguish that has the toxicant fipronil, Exterm-an-Ant that contains both boric acid and sodium borate, and Advion ant gel and Advion ant bait arena that both have indoxacarb. Experimental nests contained 300 workers and 10 queen ants that were starved for either 24 or 48 h before toxic bait exposure. The efficacy of the toxic baits was strongly influenced by starvation. In no treatment with 24-h starvation did we observe 100% worker death. After 24-h starvation three of the baits did not result in any queen deaths, with only Exterm-an-Ant producing an average of 25% mortality. In contrast, 100% queen and worker mortality was observed in colonies starved for 48 h and given Xstinguish or Exterm-an-Ant. The baits Advion ant gel and Advion ant bait arena were not effective against Argentine ants in these trials, resulting in bait uptake, control efficacy may be maximized by applying bait when ants are likely to be starved. Our results suggest queen mortality must be assessed in tests for toxic bait efficacy. Our data indicate that of these four baits, Xstinguish and Exterm-an-Ant are the best options for control of Argentine ants in New Zealand. PMID:22928290

  5. Accountability and non-proliferation nuclear regime: a review of the mutual surveillance Brazilian-Argentine model for nuclear safeguards

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The regimes of accountability, the organizations of global governance and institutional arrangements of global governance of nuclear non-proliferation and of Mutual Vigilance Brazilian-Argentine of Nuclear Safeguards are the subject of research. The starting point is the importance of the institutional model of global governance for the effective control of non-proliferation of nuclear weapons. In this context, the research investigates how to structure the current arrangements of the international nuclear non-proliferation and what is the performance of model Mutual Vigilance Brazilian-Argentine of Nuclear Safeguards in relation to accountability regimes of global governance. For that, was searched the current literature of three theoretical dimensions: accountability, global governance and global governance organizations. In relation to the research method was used the case study and the treatment technique of data the analysis of content. The results allowed: to establish an evaluation model based on accountability mechanisms; to assess how behaves the model Mutual Vigilance Brazilian-Argentine Nuclear Safeguards front of the proposed accountability regime; and to measure the degree to which regional arrangements that work with systems of global governance can strengthen these international systems. (author)

  6. El empobrecimiento de los trabajadores como fuente de excedente en economías con débil dinámica productiva: Argentina desde mediados del siglo XX

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Damián Kennedy

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo se propone analizar el desempeño de la economía argentina desde mediados del siglo XX, recurriendo al análisis de la distribución funcional del ingreso y sus componentes –salario real y la productividad–, tanto para la economía agregada como para el sector industrial.A partir de la comparación con un conjunto de países desarrollados (Estados Unidos, Francia, Italia, Japón y España, encontramos que dichas variables presentan desde mediados de la década del setenta una evolución particularmente llamativa: la productividad crece a un ritmo inferior –incluso con momentos de caída o estancamiento– y el salario real retrocede marcadamente.En este marco, discutimos la explicación según la cual el empobrecimiento de los trabajadores argentinos es el resultado del proceso de desindustrialización sufrido –aunque sus indicadores se verifican con similar intensidad en aquellos países–, cambiando el eje hacia el débil desempeño de la productividad -y la consecuente ampliación de su brecha relativa–, que implica mayores costos para las empresas, que deben ser compensados con fuentes extraordinarias de ganancia. Una de ellas es, claro está, el salario real, de modo que el empobrecimiento de los trabajadores en Argentina resulta una pieza necesaria en el marco de la forma que adopta el proceso económico.This paper analyses the performance of the Argentine economy since the 1950s, through the analysis of the functional distribution of income and its components –real wage and productivity– for the economy and especially the manufacturing sector.Through comparisons with a group of developed countries (France, Italy, Japan and Spain, USA, we find that those variables have a striking evolution: the productivity grows at an inferior rate –including periods of stagnation– and the real wage falls dramatically.We then challenge the existing explanation of the impoverishment of the Argentine working class: the

  7. Computer Crime and Czech Republic

    OpenAIRE

    Glykner, Martin

    2011-01-01

    This bachelor thesis deals with computer crime in Czech Republic considering the legal point of view. It makes the reader familiar with development of cyber crime in the world and especially in Czech Republic. It deeply describes czech legal framework of fighting computer crime and its international context. This description contains examples of particular crimes and articles of law that apply to them. The paper also describes institutions that are engaged in combating this crime. Afterwards ...

  8. Perpetuating Social Movements amid Declining Opportunity: The Survival Strategies of Two Argentine Piquetero Groups

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edward C. Epstein

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available This article examines the recent behaviour in Argentina of two national protest groups of socalled ‘piqueteros’ or picketers (impoverished unemployed individuals who used the blockage of strategic roads and bridges to force government concessions that emerged politically in the buildup to the crisis of 2001-2002. Using theoretical concepts developed by McAdam, Tarrow, and Tilly in understanding social movements, the author analyses what he calls the ‘survival strategy’ adopted by their leaders as the political opportunities that produced their initial growth gave way to a more hostile environment with the normalization of Argentine politics under the Kirchner administration. While the two piquetero groups studied differ considerably in terms of their politics and ideology, both ended up depending on the same traditional tactic of utilizing important government contacts to obtain the resources necessary for organizational maintenance, despite their nominal identity as radical protesters against the present political system.Resumen: Perpetuando movimientos sociales y oportunidades decrecientes: las estrategias de sobrevivencia de dos grupos de piqueteros argentinesEste artículo examina el comportamiento reciente de dos grupos nacionales de protesta argentinos llamados ‘piqueteros’ (desempleados empobrecidos que usaron el bloqueo de calles y puentes estratégicos para forzar concesiones gubernamentales que aparecieron durante la crisis de 2001- 2002. Utilizando conceptos teóricos creados por McAdam, Tarrow, y Tilly en su discusión sobre los movimientos sociales, el autor analiza lo que describe como ‘estrategias de sobrevivencia’ adoptadas por sus dirigentes cuando las oportunidades que ocasionaron su crecimiento inicial cedieron ante un ambiente más hostil en el contexto de la normalización de la política argentina durante la administración de Kirchner. Aunque los dos grupos piqueteros estudiados se diferencian mucho en t

  9. Argentine ant (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) trail pheromone enhances consumption of liquid sucrose solution.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Greenberg, L; Klotz, J H

    2000-02-01

    We investigated whether the Argentine ant, Linepithema humile (Mayr), trail pheromone, Z9-16:Ald, could enhance recruitment to and consumption of liquid sucrose solutions. All tests were done as paired comparisons with a 10% sucrose solution as food. In the laboratory, mixing 20 microl of a 10-microg/ml solution of the pheromone with 50 microl of the 10% sucrose solution increased the number of ants feeding by >150%. In a field test, we combined the trail pheromone with a 10% sucrose solution in 50-ml vials. These vials were covered with a plastic membrane that has 1.5-mm-diameter holes punched uniformly across its surface. Ants could drink from the holes after the vials were inverted. For half of the vials, 1 microg of the pheromone was put onto the plastic membrane before the vials were filled with a 10% sucrose solution. The remaining vials had no pheromone on the plastic membrane. After 4 h we measured the consumption in each vial. Bait consumption with the pheromone was enhanced by 29%. In a 2nd series of tests, vials were left outside for 24 h. The consumption rate was 33% higher with the pheromone compared with the controls that didn't have pheromone. PMID:14658521

  10. Characterization of pectinase activity for enology from yeasts occurring in Argentine Bonarda grape

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Gabriela Merín

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Pectinolytic enzymes are greatly important in winemaking due to their ability to degrade pectic polymers from grape, contributing to enhance process efficiency and wine quality. This study aimed to analyze the occurrence of pectinolytic yeasts during spontaneous fermentation of Argentine Bonarda grape, to select yeasts that produce extracellular pectinases and to characterize their pectinolytic activity under wine-like conditions. Isolated yeasts were grouped using PCR-DGGE and identified by partial sequencing of 26S rRNA gene. Isolates comprised 7 genera, with Aureobasidium pullulans as the most predominant pectinolytic species, followed by Rhodotorula dairenensis and Cryptococcus saitoi. No pectinolytic activity was detected among ascomycetous yeasts isolated on grapes and during fermentation, suggesting a low occurrence of pectinolytic yeast species in wine fermentation ecosystem. This is the first study reporting R. dairenensis and Cr. saitoi species with pectinolytic activity. R. dairenensis GM-15 produced pectinases that proved to be highly active at grape pH, at 12 °C, and under ethanol and SO2 concentrations usually found in vinifications (pectinase activity around 1.1 U/mL. This strain also produced cellulase activity at 12 °C and pH 3.5, but did not produce β-glucosidase activity under these conditions. The strain showed encouraging enological properties for its potential use in low-temperature winemaking.

  11. Characterization of pectinase activity for enology from yeasts occurring in Argentine Bonarda grape.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Merín, María Gabriela; Martín, María Carolina; Rantsiou, Kalliopi; Cocolin, Luca; de Ambrosini, Vilma Inés Morata

    2015-01-01

    Pectinolytic enzymes are greatly important in winemaking due to their ability to degrade pectic polymers from grape, contributing to enhance process efficiency and wine quality. This study aimed to analyze the occurrence of pectinolytic yeasts during spontaneous fermentation of Argentine Bonarda grape, to select yeasts that produce extracellular pectinases and to characterize their pectinolytic activity under wine-like conditions. Isolated yeasts were grouped using PCR-DGGE and identified by partial sequencing of 26S rRNA gene. Isolates comprised 7 genera, with Aureobasidium pullulans as the most predominant pectinolytic species, followed by Rhodotorula dairenensis and Cryptococcus saitoi. No pectinolytic activity was detected among ascomycetous yeasts isolated on grapes and during fermentation, suggesting a low occurrence of pectinolytic yeast species in wine fermentation ecosystem. This is the first study reporting R. dairenensis and Cr. saitoi species with pectinolytic activity. R. dairenensis GM-15 produced pectinases that proved to be highly active at grape pH, at 12 °C, and under ethanol and SO2 concentrations usually found in vinifications (pectinase activity around 1.1 U/mL). This strain also produced cellulase activity at 12 °C and pH 3.5, but did not produce β-glucosidase activity under these conditions. The strain showed encouraging enological properties for its potential use in low-temperature winemaking. PMID:26413065

  12. The Argentine radioactive waste repository: Basic criteria, preliminary siting and design conceptual basis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The paper describes studies carried out for siting a repository for high level radioactive wastes originating in the nuclear programme of Argentina. A summary is given of the basic criteria governing the study, as well as a description of the activities involved in the selection of the site, its validation and the derivation of the design basis of the repository, together with conceptual definitions regarding its engineering. At the end of the 1970s the Argentine authorities decided to explore alternatives for disposing of the high level radioactive wastes that would eventually be generated by the country's nuclear programme. This programme involves nuclear power reactors that will generate a time integrated electric energy of about 100 GW·a by the end of the century. The programme also includes the reprocessing of the spent fuel. On the basis of the criteria adopted for the disposal of high level wastes, a site in stable, unfractured granite, near Gastre in the Province of Chubut, was selected for detailed studies out of about 200 potential sites. This site has been thoroughly investigated and its suitability will be validated. Work has also progressed on the design of the repository. (author)

  13. Reflections on the development of local suppliers for the Argentine nuclear industry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Argentina has given recently a new start to its nuclear power activities. Looking for background and experiences that can be useful under the new reality, the paper is a survey of the past development of local suppliers for the national nuclear industry. Based on the intention to answer the questions: Why so early it was decided to build a nuclear power plant? Why it was decided to buy it under a turnkey basis rather than developing an indigenous design? and what was the meaning of the 'opening of the technology package' at that time?, the paper describes the actions that led to the purchase of the Atucha I, Embalse and Atucha II nuclear power plants and how these decisions were implemented in order to maximize local participation and the technology transfer. It also analyzes the influence of the Argentine Nuclear Plan of the late seventies on the development of endogenous technology and describes the facts that helped to preserve until now the technological nuclear capabilities of the country in spite of the stopping of the Atucha II construction, and to create positive expectations regarding the revival of the local industry as a supplier of nuclear goods and services. (author)

  14. Les intellectuels espagnols exilés dans l'Argentine peroniste

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laurent Bonardi

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available El gobierno argentino del general Perón reveló ser un verdadero chaleco salvavidas para la dictadura española. Esta política de cooperación provoca una viva oposición en Argentina. Este trabajo propone un análisis de las reacciones de los intelectuales españoles exiliados en Argentina. Observaremos de que manera los intelectuales españoles lucharon contra la dictadura franquista durante el idilio hispano-argentino y analizaremos el “modus operandi” adoptado por el gobierno peronista para obstaculizar las actividades anti-franquistas en el exilio.__________________ABSTRACT:The Argentine government of general Perón becomes an authentic life jacket for the Spanish dictatorship. This policy of cooperation triggers ample dispproval in Argentina. We propose an analysis of the reactions of the spanish intellectuals exiled in Argentina. We will see how the Spanish intellectuals fight against the Franco dictatorship during the honeymoon Hispanic-Argentinean. Also we will analyze the modus operandi adopted by the Peronist government to prevent the antifrancoist activities of the exiliados.

  15. The projects for heavy water production of the Argentine National Atomic Energy Commission

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The bases and scope of the projects for heavy water production that are being currently developed by the Argentine National Atomic Energy Commission (CNEA) are described. As an introduction, the following points are presented: a) the fundamentals of heavy water utilization in a nuclear reactor, with a mention of its properties and uses, b) a review of the physicochemical bases of the principal methods for heavy water production: chemical exchange (monothermal and bithermal processes), distillation and electrolysis, with tables summarizing the fundamental characteristics of the first two ones, and an evaluation of the different production methods from the viewpoint of their application in an industrial scale; and c) a synthetic information, in the form of tables, about the world's heavy water production. The subject of heavy water production in Argentina is treated in the principal section, describing the scope, location, main characteristics and chemical processes corresponding to the projects being developed by CNEA, which currently are the installation of an Industrial Plant in Arroyito (Province of Neuquen), purchased on a turnkey basis and using the NH3/H2 isotopic exchange method; the installation of an Experimental Plant in Atucha (Province of Buenos Aires), for the development of the domestic technology of heavy-water production by the SH2/H2O isotopic exchange method, and the development of the engineering of an industrial plant (''Module 80''), based on the Experimental Plant's technology. (M.E.L.)

  16. Stability constants of some complexes of Argentine humic acids and micronutrients

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    One of the main aims in the study of the complexes of humic substances and plant mineral nutrients in the soil is to obtain thermodynamic data which, compared with known systems, can give the necessary information to calculate the element activity in solution. This information is essential for predicting the dynamics of such nutrients in the soil solution, since the latter is one of the main locations of fundamental reactions related to soil genesis and fertility. The distribution of radioactive 65Zn and non-radioactive Cu between a cation exchange resin and the humic systems was used to calculate the stability constants of these elements and the humic acids (HA) extracted from various Argentine soils. On the basis of these stability constants, the following conclusions were obtained: (1) Copper was more strongly complexed than zinc by the humic acid of a Solod soil. Copper had also almost the same value of the logarithm of the stability constant for several soils (8.1 to 9.1); (2) The value of the stability constant of the Zn-HA complex was higher for a Chestnut soil (Petrocalcic Paleustoll) than for the other soils studied; (3) Since HA is an important insoluble fraction in normal soil conditions, it is suggested that the mobility of Cu is low in the soil solution of these soils. Therefore, a Cu deficiency may be predicted or expected. (author)

  17. Urban Infestation Patterns of Argentine Ants, Linepithema humile, in Los Angeles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Smadar Gilboa

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Infestations of buildings by Argentine ants, Linepithema humile (Mayr, were monitored on the campus of the University of California, Los Angeles. Foraging ant activity peaked during the hotter months of the year. The mean monthly maximum temperature, but not rainfall, positively correlated with indoor infestation frequency. Neither garden size nor the predominant groundcover vegetation correlated with the number of foraging ants at baits within gardens. Although the number of foraging ants outside a building varied over 40-fold, ant density in gardens did not predict the likelihood of infestation within the building. Also, the type of vegetative groundcover employed did not predict infestation frequency. There was, however, a significant negative relationship between the size of the garden outside of a building and the number of infestations. Given the large foraging area of L. humile workers, buildings next to small gardens may be infested simply because they lie within the “normal” foraging area of a colony. The best predictor of which rooms were infested within buildings was the presence of a water source. Thus providing water for ant colonies outside and away from buildings may be one method of integrated pest management to reduce the proclivity of ants to infest structures.

  18. Argentine anchovy (Engraulis anchoita stock identification and incipient exploitation in southern Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Felipe M Carvalho

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available The Argentine anchovy (Engraulis anchoita is an essential species in the pelagic ecosystem of the southwest Atlantic Ocean, and a potentially important fishery resource. Exploitation has recently started in southern Brazil, so it requires a better understanding of their structure and population dynamics. This work aims to update the information on the population identification of E. anchoita. Parameters such as age and size composition, length-at-age data and other parameters using sagittae otoliths were used to compare anchovy of the continental shelf between 20° and 32°S. The results indicate the existence of different populations in the southeastern and southern regions of Brazil: the bonaerense stock in southern Brazil is shared with Argentina and Uruguay and exhibits migratory behavior, while in the southeast there is a population confined to this region and shows different population characteristics. This has implications for the management of this species and should be taken into account by the institutions responsible for the assessment and management of fisheries in Brazil.

  19. Argentine activities related to the development of low enriched fuel elements

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Within the framework of the RERTR Program and supported by the technical cooperation work agreed upon between the USA and Argentina in May 1979, the CNEA Nuclear Fuel Department - Low Enriched Fuel Elements Project (ECBE Project) has carried on its own program for developing fuels with low enrichment for research and test reactors. Up to the present, its main objective has been to replace the highly enriched fuel used in its only reactor (RA-3) for research, development and radioisotopes production. The basic stages of the Argentine Program are shown. The densities reached were within the range of 3.12 to 3.58 g/cm3 for U3O8-Al, 2.99 to 3.09 g/cm3 for UAl2-Al and 5.18 to 6.10 g/cm3 for U3Si-Al. If further miniplates can be irradiated, it is the purpose of the program to research uranium densities of 3.5 g/cm3 in UAl2-Al and 6.5 g/cm3 in U3Si-Al

  20. Guidelines to upgrade and convert the Argentine's research reactor RA6

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    It is been considered a proposal in order to define a project oriented to modify and to convert the Argentine's research reactor RA6 of 500 KW of thermal power. Its main guidelines are presented here. This reactor is in operation from 1982 in the Bariloche Atomic Center and was designed and constructed by CNEA and INVAP SE. Original core is composed by 25 old design RA3's fuel elements partially burned, that means containing high enriched uranium (HEU). The strategic objective of the project is to allow the use of this facility to produce radioisotopes as auxiliary alternative to the RA3. For these, it is proposed: - to adapt the facility in order to be able to increase the thermal power or neutron flux to adequate level enough to the mentioned use and regarding the compatibility with the general specifications and requiring a minimum of modifications; - to change the core, this implies: - to convert the reactor from HEU to LEU fuel opening the possibility to return spent fuel elements to USA through the RERTR previsions; to include new high density LEU fuels in developing in the country; - to complete the facilities to handle radioactive material in the RA6 building; No major problems are expected considering our long experience acquired with the RA3. Some preliminary studies are already under way. (author)

  1. F2-layer parameters long-term trends at the Argentine Islands and Port Stanley stations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. D. Danilov

    Full Text Available The ionospheric sounding data at two southern hemisphere stations, the Argentine Islands and Port Stanley, are analyzed using a method previously developed by the authors. Negative trends of the critical frequency foF2 are found for both stations. The magnitudes of the trends are close to those at the corresponding (close geomagnetic latitude stations of the northern hemisphere, as considered previously by the authors. The values of the F2 layer height hmF2 absolute trends ΔhmF2 are considered. The effect of ΔhmF2 dependence on hmF2 found by Jarvis et al. (1998 is reproduced. A concept is considered that long-term changes of the geomagnetic activity may be an important (if not the only cause of all the trends of foF2 and hmF2 derived by several groups of authors. The dependence of both parameters on the geomagnetic index Ap corresponds to a smooth scheme of the ionospheric storm physics and morphology; thus, a principal cause of the foF2 and hmF2 geomagnetic trends is most probably a trend found in several publications in the number and intensity of ionospheric storms.

    Key words. Ionosphere (ionosphere-atmosphere interaction; ionospheric disturbances

  2. Magnetic and Moessbauer Studies of Quaternary Argentine Loessic Soils and Paleosols

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper is a review of the current status about the remaining problems that are found in the investigation of the Quaternary Argentine soils and loessic sediments, and the way that Moessbauer studies can assist in solving them. There are two main types of investigations that make use of the magnetic response of the samples to correlate them with information gathered by other methods. On the one hand, there is the stratigraphic and chronological research, which is of importance from the geological and paleontological points of view. On the other hand, the paleoclimatic records, of significance toward a possible model of the past climate, are also studied because of their close relation to the sediments history. However, there is not yet a model that can tell the difference between the modifications due to the climatic conditions at the time when the soils were buried from processes that occurred after burial. Some examples are given that show that Moessbauer studies can be applied with a certain degree of success when cross-checked with magnetic measurements toward understanding the processes that occurred in alluvial B (paleosols) and C horizons (loess) from the eastern part of Buenos Aires Province. Although the application of Moessbauer studies to hydromorphic processes in soils is not straightforward, there are cases in which Moessbauer spectroscopy, if applied properly and correlated with other techniques, is able to characterize the type of iron oxides existing in the materials and thus assist theories about its origin and history.

  3. Mecanismos de tribalización en la patagonia: desde la gran crisis al primer gobierno peronista.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Walter Delrio

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available En 1937 el gobierno argentino decide desalojar y trasladar a la tribu Nahuelpán bajo acusaciones de extranjería e in-civilización. Luego de seis años, la medida es revisada y se inicia un proceso de restitución parcial de las tierras involucradas seleccionándose desde el estado a quienes se continuaría reconociendo como "tribu" Nahuelpán. A partir de este caso enmarcado en el contexto de las relaciones establecidas por las comunidades indígenas del territorio nacional de Chubut con las autoridades nacionales y las redes locales de poder, se propone un análisis del proceso de construcción del espacio social para los pueblos originarios en la matriz estado-nación-territorio en el período que va de la gran crisis del '30 al primer gobierno peronista. Se abordan en particular los mecanismos de tribalización en la interfase entre políticas oficiales y agencia aborigen.In 1937, the Argentine government decided to displace and remove the Nahuelpán tribe accused of foreign and uncivilized behavior. Six years later this measure was reviewed starting a process of partial land restitution in which the state selected who will continue to be considered as member of the above mentioned tribe. Focusing in that case, framed by the relationship established between indigenous communities of the national territory of Chubut and state authorities or local nets of power, this article analyzes the process leading to the construction of a social space in the state-nation-territory matrix since the 1930' great crisis until the first period of President Juan Perón.

  4. Situation Reports--Afghanistan, Cyprus, Iran, Kenya, Lebanese Republic, Malagasy Republic, Malaysia (West), People's Democratic Republic of Yemen.

    Science.gov (United States)

    International Planned Parenthood Federation, London (England).

    Data relating to population and family planning in eight foreign countries are presented in these situation reports. Countries included are Afghanistan, Cyprus, Iran, Kenya, Lebanese Republic, Malagasy Republic (Madagascar), Malaysia (West), and People's Democratic Republic of Yemen. Information is provided under two topics, general background and…

  5. The Constitution of the Republic of Estonia

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Raamat sisaldab ka: The Constitution of the Republic of Estonia amendment act ; The Constitution of the Republic of Estonia implementation act ; Act to amend the Constitution of the Republic of Estonia for election of local government councils for term of four years

  6. The Constitution of the Republic of Estonia

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2009-01-01

    Sisaldab ka: The Constitution of the Republic of Estonia Amendment Act. The Constitution of the Republic of Estonia Implementation Act. Act to Amend the Constitution of the Republic of Estonia for Election of Local Government Councils for Term of Four Years

  7. Equidad y politicas universitarias: perspectivas desde latinoamerica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Alberto Yuni

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo nos proponemos abordar algunas cuestiones de la equidad en la Educación Superior, desde la singular perspectiva de la realidad latinoamericana. Nuestro interés radica en dar cuenta de los modos y posiciones teóricas a través de las cuales se definen políticas de equidad en el campo de la Educación Superior y se establecen sentidos y significados sociales en torno a ellas. En la primera parte se realiza una breve caracterización de los escenarios de la Educación Superior en Latinoamérica, tanto en lo que se refiere a los procesos socio-políticos de carácter estructural, como a la dinámica de los sistemas de Educación Superior. En la segunda parte, se efectúa una reconstrucción conceptual que nos permita mostrar los desplazamientos operados en las políticas universitarias de las últimas décadas y que han desembocado en la implementación de las llamadas políticas de equidad. En la tercera parte del artículo, se analizan diferentes niveles de especificación del concepto de equidad en las dinámicas universitarias, las que dan cuenta de su potencial productivo de prácticas. Finalmente, se describen algunas de las iniciativas más importantes desplegadas en los últimos años por algunos países de la región, enmarcadas en políticas de equidad, señalando sus efectos y alcances.ABSTRACTIn this article we aim to address some issues of equity in higher education, from the particular perspective of Latin American reality. Our interest is highlight the fact of the theoretical and methodological positions through which equity policies are defined in the field of higher education and how social meanings and ways are established around them. In the first part, a brief description of the scenarios of higher education in Latin America is done, both in regard to the socio-political structural processes and the dynamics of higher education systems. In the second part, a conceptual reconstruction is approached to allow

  8. 15 June 2009 - President of the Argentine Nation C. Fernández visiting ATLAS experimental area.

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2009-01-01

    Tirage 1:President of the Argentine Nation, C. Fernández and Minister of Science, Technology and Innovative Production,L. Barañao Tirage 2-8:Arrival greetings Tirage 9-12:Introduction to CERN's activities by Director-General, R. Heuer Tirage 13-15:Signature of the guest book Tirage 16-25:M. Benedetti,R. Heuer and L.Barañao sit for the signature of the Agreement Tirage 26-33: Meeting with Argentinian scientists at CERN

  9. La construction territoriale de têtes de ponts antarctiques rivales : Ushuaia (Argentine) et Punta Arenas (Chili)

    OpenAIRE

    Guyot, Sylvain

    2012-01-01

    Ushuaia et Punta Arenas sont les villes les plus australes de leurs pays d’appartenance,  l’Argentine et le Chili. Elles ont joué le rôle de ville frontière au service de la consolidation et la légitimation de ces territoires nationaux austraux localisés en position de bout du monde. Depuis cinquante ans, ces deux villes portuaires s’affirment comme les deux portes d’entrée internationales principales des relations avec le continent Antarctique, et en particulier avec la Péninsule Antarctique...

  10. Ce qu'on en dit après - le Currency Board argentin et sa fin tragique

    OpenAIRE

    Sgard, Jérôme

    2004-01-01

    L'Argentine a mené entre 1991 et 2001 une des expériences de currency board les plus remarquables de la période moderne. Comment rendre compte de cette expérience, prise dans son ensemble ? Qu'apprend-elle sur les avantages et les inconvénients des currency board ? Comment expliquer son échec final et quelles conclusions plus générales en tirer ? Telles sont les questions auxquelles cet article souhaite apporter des éléments de réponse. Pour cela, l'auteur commence par rappeler les principaux...

  11. Circadian analysis of myocardial infarction incidence in an Argentine and Uruguayan population

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicola-Siri Leonardo

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The occurrence of variations in the spectrum of cardiovascular disease between different regions of the world and ethnic groups have been the subject of great interest. This study report the 24-h variation of myocardial infarction (MI occurrence in patients recruited from CCU located in Argentina and Uruguay. Methods A cohort of 1063 patients admitted to the CCU within 24 h of the onset of symptoms of an acute MI was examined. MI incidence along the day was computed in 1 h-intervals. Results A minimal MI incidence between 03:00 and 07:00 h and the occurrence of a first maximum between 08:00 and 12:00 h and a second maximum between 15:00 and 22:00 h were verified. The best fit curve was a 24 h cosinor (acrophase ~ 19:00 h, accounting for 63 % of variance together with a symmetrical gaussian bell (maximum at ~ 10:00 h, accounting for 37 % of variance. A similar picture was observed for MI frequencies among different excluding subgroups (older or younger than 70 years; with or without previous symptoms; diabetics or non diabetics; Q wave- or non-Q wave-type MI; anterior or inferior MI location. Proportion between cosinor and gaussian probabilities was maintained among most subgroups except for older patients who had more MI at the afternoon and patients with previous symptoms who were equally distributed among the morning and afternoon maxima. Conclusion The results support the existence of two maxima (at morning and afternoon hours in MI incidence in the Argentine and Uruguayan population.

  12. Variations in sediment transport at the central Argentine continental margin during the Cenozoic

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gruetzner, Jens; Uenzelmann-Neben, Gabriele; Franke, Dieter

    2012-10-01

    The construction of the sedimentary cover at most passive continental margins includes gravitational downslope transport and along-slope contourite deposition, which are controlled by tectonics, climate and oceanography. At the eastern continental margin of Argentina the history of deposition and erosion is intimately linked to the evolution of the South Atlantic and its water masses. Here we present a detailed seismic investigation of the mixed depositional system located between 41°S and 45°S. The study provides a northward complement to prior investigations from the southern Argentine margin and together with these may be used as background information for future ocean drilling in the region. Prominent features in our seismic cross sections are submarine canyons, mass wasting deposits, contourite channels, and sediment drifts. Four major seismic units above regional reflector PLe (˜65 Ma) are separated by distinct unconformities of regional extent. Using a dense grid of reflection seismic profiles, we mapped the depocenter geometries of the seismic units and derived a chronology of the depositional processes during the Cenozoic. While the Paleocene/Eocene (˜65-34 Ma) is characterized by hemipelagic sedimentation under relatively sluggish bottom water conditions, strong Antarctic bottom water (AABW) circulation led to widespread erosion on the slope and growth of a detached sediment drift during the Oligocene and early Miocene (˜34-17 Ma). After deposition of an aggradational seismic unit interpreted to represent the Mid-Miocene climatic optimum (˜17-14 Ma), gravitational downslope sediment transport increased during the middle to late Miocene (˜14-6 Ma) possibly related to tectonic uplift in South America. The Pliocene to Holocene unit (<˜6 Ma) is very heterogeneous and formed by interactions of downslope and along-slope sediment transport processes as indicated by the evolution of canyons, slope plastered drifts and channels.

  13. Suspending the next turn as a form of repair initiation: evidence from Argentine Sign Language

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elizabeth eManrique

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Practices of other-initiated repair deal with problems of hearing or understanding what another person has said in the fast-moving turn-by-turn flow of conversation. As such, other-initiated repair plays a fundamental role in the maintenance of intersubjectivity in social interaction. This study finds and analyses a special type of other-initiated repair that is used in turn-by-turn conversation in a sign language: Argentine Sign Language (Lengua de Señas Argentina or LSA. We describe a type of response termed a ‘freeze-look’, which occurs when a person has just been asked a direct question: instead of answering the question in the next turn position, the person holds still while looking directly at the questioner. In these cases it is clear that the person is aware of having just been addressed and is not otherwise accounting for their delay in responding (e.g., by displaying a ‘thinking’ face or hesitation, etc.. We find that this behavior functions as a way for an addressee to initiate repair by the person who asked the question. The ‘freeze-look’ results in the questioner ‘re-doing’ their action of asking a question, for example by repeating or rephrasing it. Thus we argue that the ‘freeze-look’ is a practice for other-initiation of repair. In addition, we argue that it is an ‘off-record’ practice, thus contrasting with known on-record practices such as saying ‘Huh?’ or equivalents. The findings aim to contribute to research on human understanding in everyday turn-by-turn conversation by looking at an understudied sign language, with possible implications for our understanding of visual bodily communication in spoken languages as well.

  14. The Utility of Seasonal Climate Forecasts: Understanding Argentine Farmers' Attribute Priorities and Trade-Offs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seipt, E. C.; Easterling, W. E.

    2007-05-01

    A distinct El Niño - Southern Oscillation (ENSO) signal and its impacts have been confirmed in the Argentine Pampas, and precipitation variability is currently recognized as the region's most marked ENSO-driven influence. In the Pampas, precipitation is also a major limiting factor for agricultural production given spatial differences in soil water storage capacities and the region's relatively minimal use of irrigation. Seasonal climate forecasts that provide advanced knowledge of expected ENSO-driven precipitation anomalies may benefit farm management decision-making by helping to either mitigate potentially negative consequences or to take advantage of potentially positive influences. To be useful and applicable, however, these forecasts must suit the decisions that they are meant to inform. In this research, a case study is presented that investigates how farmers in the Pampas prioritize and trade off specific attributes of a seasonal climate forecast (i.e., mode of distribution, spatial resolution, lead time, and forecast performance) when judging its utility. A conjoint analysis evaluation decomposes holistic evaluations of forecasts into the part-worth utilities associated with their different attributes. Part-worth utilities combine to reveal the structure of farmers' forecast utility preferences - a model of the decision-making process. Utility preference structures are analyzed to compute the importance value of each attribute and to determine the trade-offs that farmers find acceptable between different attributes. Analysis indicates that, on average, spatial resolution is the most influential attribute in determining climate forecast utility. Attribute trade-off values suggest that advances in spatial resolution, forecast performance, and/or product dissemination via the Internet offer the greatest potential for increasing the utility of future seasonal climate forecasts for farmers in the Pampas.

  15. Dynamic infrared imaging for cancer: research and development in the Argentine Boron neutron capture therapy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the framework of the Argentine Boron Neutron Capture Therapy (BNCT) project for treating metastatic cutaneous melanoma, we have initiated a research and development program aimed at obtaining a noninvasive methodology for following-up the treated patients. The technique is called Dynamic Infrared Imaging (DIRI) and comprises the acquisition of infrared images as a function of time of the anatomical part under study, when the region is subjected to a mild cold stress. Vascular, metabolic and regulating differences between normal and tumor tissues appear as differences in the pattern of temperature evolution, which can be correlated with the anatomical and functional aspects of both. Two patients enrolled in the BNCT protocol were studied with DIRI. A good spatial correlation between dose, temperature recovery velocity and skin reaction distributions was observed at the time of maximum expression of the erythematous reaction. Melanoma nodules appear as highly localized hyperthermic regions, surrounded and interconnected by elevated temperature areas. Their temperature recovery velocity after the thermal cold stress was substantially faster than that of normal skin with an appreciably large temperature difference (6 degreesC to 10 degreesC). These tissue differences can be related with the thermal conductivity and metabolic rate as explained by a simple one-directional heat transport model. Compared with other imaging modalities (CT and Doppler ultrasound) DIRI has had a similar ability for confirming the already diagnosed nodules. Together with the clinical observation, DIRI provides a potentially useful amount of information, at a competitive cost-benefit relationship suitable for performing a non-invasive functional assessment of this kind of cutaneous lesions and the evaluation of the acute skin reaction following irradiation. (author)

  16. Suspending the next turn as a form of repair initiation: evidence from Argentine Sign Language.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manrique, Elizabeth; Enfield, N J

    2015-01-01

    Practices of other-initiated repair deal with problems of hearing or understanding what another person has said in the fast-moving turn-by-turn flow of conversation. As such, other-initiated repair plays a fundamental role in the maintenance of intersubjectivity in social interaction. This study finds and analyses a special type of other-initiated repair that is used in turn-by-turn conversation in a sign language: Argentine Sign Language (Lengua de Señas Argentina or LSA). We describe a type of response termed a "freeze-look," which occurs when a person has just been asked a direct question: instead of answering the question in the next turn position, the person holds still while looking directly at the questioner. In these cases it is clear that the person is aware of having just been addressed and is not otherwise accounting for their delay in responding (e.g., by displaying a "thinking" face or hesitation, etc.). We find that this behavior functions as a way for an addressee to initiate repair by the person who asked the question. The "freeze-look" results in the questioner "re-doing" their action of asking a question, for example by repeating or rephrasing it. Thus, we argue that the "freeze-look" is a practice for other-initiation of repair. In addition, we argue that it is an "off-record" practice, thus contrasting with known on-record practices such as saying "Huh?" or equivalents. The findings aim to contribute to research on human understanding in everyday turn-by-turn conversation by looking at an understudied sign language, with possible implications for our understanding of visual bodily communication in spoken languages as well. PMID:26441710

  17. [Suitability of wild underexploited vegetables from the Argentine Chaco as a food resource].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Freyre, M R; Baigorria, C M; Rozycki, V R; Bernardi, C M; Charpentier, M

    2000-12-01

    The nutritional value of wild underexploited vegetable samples collected in the Argentine Chaco was investigated. Leaves from Hipochaeris sp.-, Coronopus didimus and Portulaca olearacea; fruits from Zyziphus sativa, Brumelia obtusifolia and Eugenia uniflora; and roots of Canna coccinea were included in this work; several separate samples being taken at least during two consecutive harvesting seasons. Values for moisture, protein, total lipids, crude fiber, ash, reducing and total sugars, starch, total pectins and energy are given. Mineral micronutrient contents are reported for calcium, potassium, magnesium, iron and phosphorus, as well as vitamin values (ascorbic acid and beta-carotene). Higher concentrations of macronutrients were found in the leafy vegetables (32-50 Kcal/100 g) than in commercially exploited cultivars (14-30 Kcal/100 g), as shown by an increased energy value, the protein content of Portulaca olearacea (3.74 g/100 g) being highly remarkable. Unusually high micronutrient figures were also determined in Coronopus didimus, with 172.3; 3.98, and 46.7 mg/100 g, for calcium, iron and magnesium, respectively. In general, fruits also showed higher macronutrient contents, with the exception of proteins, with less but constant values (1.58 to 1.74 g/100 g), although contributing more energy than commercial cultivars (70 to 147 Kcal/100 g). Equally important proved to be the provitamin A content in Eugenia uniflora (11.98 mg/100 g). Roots of Canna coccinea revealed the lowest energy value (34 Kcal/100 g) but surprisingly, the highest content of phosphorus of all the species under study. PMID:11464672

  18. Ordovician K-bentonites in the Argentine Precordillera: relations to Gondwana margin evolution

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huff, W.D.; Bergstrom, Stig M.; Kolata, Dennis R.; Cingolani, C.A.; Astini, R.A.

    1998-01-01

    This paper is included in the Special Publication entitled 'The proto- Andean margin of Gondwana', edited by R.J. Pankhurst and C.W. Rapela. Ordovician K-bentonites have now been recorded from >20 localities in the vicinity of the Argentine Precordillera. Most occur in the eastern thrust belts, in the San Juan Limestone and the overlying the Gualcamayo Formation, but a few ash beds are known also from the central thrust belts. The oldest occur in the middle Arenig I, victoriae lunatus graptolite (Oe. evae conodont) Zone, and the youngest in the middle Llanvirn P. elegans (P. suecicus) Zone. Mineralogical characteristics, typical of other Ordovician K-bentonites, include a matrix of illite/smectite mixed-layer clay and a typical felsic volcanic phenocryst assemblage: biotite, beta-form quartz, alkali and plagioclase feldspar, apatite, and zircon, with lesser amounts of hornblende, clinopyroxene, titanite and Fe-Ti oxides. The proportions of the mineral phases and variations in their crystal chemistry are commonly unique to individual (or small groups of) K-bentonite beds. Glass melt inclusions preserved in quartz are rhyolitic in composition. The sequence is unique in its abundance of K-bentonite beds, but a close association between the Precordillera and other Ordovician sedimentary basins cannot be established. The ash distribution is most consistent with palaeogeographical reconstructions in which early Ordovician drifting of the Precordillera occurred in proximity to one or more volcanic arcs, and with eventual collision along the Andean margin of Gondwana during the mid-Ordovician Ocloyic event of the Famatinian orogeny. The Puna-Famatina terrane northeast of the Precordillera might have served as the source of the K-bentonite ashes, possibly in concert with active arc magmatism on the Gondwana plate itself.

  19. Scheme of 3 interfaces with local isostatic compensation on the Argentine continental margin

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pedraza De Marchi, A. C.; Ghidella, M. E.; Tocho, C.

    2013-05-01

    The segment of Argentine continental margin located between 39°S and the Malvinas platform (~49°S) is of passive type and volcanic characteristics revealed by seaward-dipping seismic reflectors sequences (SDRs). The free air gravity edge-effect associated with passive continental margins is one of the most distinctive characteristics of gravity in marine regions. This effect is in large part due to the transition between continental and oceanic crusts, because of their different thicknesses. In this presentation we investigate the Airy type isostatic compensation scheme by using three interfaces in a forward calculation with different approximations of Parker's expression to obtain the isostatic anomaly. After that we perform the inversion of the anomaly thus obtained in order to find the Moho's deflection necessary to compensate it (or minimize it) by using the same scheme of interfaces and the iterative Parker-Oldenburg method (Oldenburg, D., 1974) with more terms in the inversion. The crust-mantle interface (Moho) thus calculated represents a more realistic surface than the one calculated using one term in the inversion and the surface estimated with topographic data and sediment thickness. Even considering that the experiment constitutes a schematic assumption just to test the numerical methods involved, we find that in the comparison with the only available digitized refraction profile, the inverted Moho interface reproduces fairly well the Moho that the seismic profile yields, for the case of the iterative method. This suggests that the inverse calculation with the iterative method is sensible to the presence of the SDRS, at least for this sole profile. Keywords: isostatic anomaly, Moho, passive continental margins Oldenburg, D., 1974. The inversion and interpretation of gravity anomalíes, Geophysics, vol. 39, no. 4, p. 526-536.

  20. Nuclear legislation in Czech Republic

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The paper presents the status of nuclear legislation in the Czech Republic, specifying the fields of nuclear activities covered, partially covered and uncovered by the present legislation. The licensing process and the competence and powers of the State Office for Nuclear Safety are also briefly described

  1. Dominican Republic : Accounting and Auditing

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank

    2004-01-01

    This report provides an assessment of accounting, financial reporting and auditing practices within the corporate sector in the Dominican Republic (DR), using International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) and International Standards on Auditing (ISA) as benchmarks, and drawing on international experience and good practices in those fields. The principal objective of this ROSC assessm...

  2. Enfermería desde una unidad de conductas adictivas

    OpenAIRE

    Santiago Forcada

    2004-01-01

    La unidad de conductas adictivas es un recurso asistencial para drogodependientes desde el que mediante un enfoque biopiscosocial se aborda la deshabituación-desintoxicación de sujetos que sufren cualquier subtipo de patología adictiva (abuso/ dependencia).El equipo profesional de la UCA esta compuesto por un médico, un psicólogo y un ATS/ DUE. Las funciones que se realizan desde el área de enfermería difieren a las que se realizan en otros dispositivos asistenciales de índole sanitaria, debi...

  3. Comunicación social desde contextos de encierro

    OpenAIRE

    López, Yemina

    2015-01-01

    “Comunicación Social desde los contextos de encierro. Desafíos y representaciones de acceder a una carrera de grado desde el penal” es una investigación de grado que desarrolé entre los años 2014 y 2015, con el fin de analizar las representaciones sociales que se dan a partir del Programa Educación Superior en Cárceles de la Facultad de Periodismo y Comunicación Social. En el devenir de este tiempo busqué recoger y analizar los discursos procedentes de los/as estudiantes que, privados/as de l...

  4. Psychology Publications by Professors at Argentine Psychology Programs: 1958-1982

    OpenAIRE

    María Andrea Piñeda

    2012-01-01

    Desde un punto de vista historiográfico se realizó una descripción de la investigación y publicaciones producida por docentes de los años fundacionales de las carreras de psicología en universidades nacionales argentinas. A partir de un trabajo archivístico y de relevamiento bibliográfico, se indagaron las condiciones institucionales, políticas y sociales de dichas carreras. En particular, se analizaron cuatro de las cinco primeras carreras en universidades nacionales: Universidad de Buenos A...

  5. Radon gas measurements inside houses of the Argentine Republic; Mediciones de gas radon en el interior de viviendas de la Republica Argentina

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Canoba, Analia C.; Arnaud, Marta I.; Lopez, Fabio O.; Oliveira, Antonio [Autoridad Regulatoria Nuclear Argentina, Buenos Aires (Argentina)

    2001-07-01

    Indoor radon gas concentrations were measured in dwellings in various cities of Argentina. Solid-state nuclear track, electrets and activated charcoal detectors were the methods used for monitoring the radon concentration.A total of 2034 homes were monitored since the beginning of this project in 1983. The monitored homes are constructed of a variety of building materials but most of them are built predominantly of bricks and concrete. The mean values calculated for the different cities are below 50 Bq m{sup -3}. Very few values above 200 Bq m{sup -3} were found and none exceeded 300 Bq m{sup -3}. The mean value for the whole country is 34.6 Bq m{sup -3} with a geometric mean of 25.0 Bq m{sup -3} and the corresponding annual effective dose is 0.86 mSv. (author)

  6. Determining the foraging range and origin of resurgence after treatment of Argentine ant (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in urban areas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vega, S Y; Rust, M K

    2003-06-01

    The foraging range and distribution of Argentine ant, Linepithema humile (Mayr), colonies in urban areas of southern California extended at least 61 m (200 feet) from feeding stations and structures. Ants were fed at 25% sucrose feeding stations containing 0.01% fluorescent brighter (FB28). Within 14 d, from 77-90% of the ants sampled next to the feeding stations were positive for FB28. The percentage of ants with FB28 declined gradually to approximately 55% 61 m away from the feeding station. The percentage of marked ants in the controls didn't change over the 4-wk-test period. There were approximately 290,000 ants visiting the monitored stations each night before treatments. The 0.0001% fipronil baits and 0.06% fipronil SC sprays provided significant reductions in at least 4 wk. The percentage of ants marked with FB28 decreased significantly in both bait and spray treatments over 4 wk suggesting that the resurgence of ants in treated areas were because of immigration from untreated areas. It is likely that much larger areas will need to be treated to control Argentine ants in urban settings, especially if baits are being used. PMID:12852625

  7. Hydroacoustical evidence of the expansion of pelagic swarms of Munida gregaria (Decapoda, Munididae) in the Beagle Channel and the Argentine Patagonian Shelf, and its relationship with habitat features

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diez, Mariano J.; Cabreira, Ariel G.; Madirolas, Adrián; Lovrich, Gustavo A.

    2016-08-01

    Squat lobsters are highly diversified and widespread decapods, of which only three species form pelagic swarms. Here we infer the expansion of Munida gregaria populations in the Beagle Channel and the Argentine Patagonian Shelf by means of acoustic surveys of pelagic swarms. We also describe the habitat characteristics in which these swarms occur. Acoustic data was collected during three multidisciplinary scientific cruises on board of the R/V Puerto Deseado during 2009, 2012 and 2014. Despite differences in the environmental conditions between the two surveyed areas, between 2009 and 2014 pelagic swarms increased their occurrence and abundance both in the Beagle Channel and on the Argentine Patagonian Shelf. Towards the end of the studied period, pelagic swarms of M. gregaria occurred in new locations, supporting the notion of a population expansion. Within the Beagle Channel swarm expansions were more marked than on the Patagonian Shelf. We here postulate that M. gregaria expansions occur in association with productive areas of the Argentine continental shelf, such as frontal zones, favoured by the squat lobster phenotypic plasticity that permit to exploit resources in both the neritic and benthic environments. At a regional scale on the Patagonian Shelf, three main groups of pelagic swarms of M. gregaria were clearly associated to respective frontal zones. The information presented here is necessary to understand fluctuations in both distribution and abundance patterns of a key species on the Argentine continental shelf. These fluctuations could be direct or indirect indicators of changes in the ecosystem.

  8. Experience of the Argentine Radioprotection Society in training in radiological protection

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    From its creation in 1967, the Argentine Radioprotection Society (SAR) has as basic purpose promoting all the aspects related with the radiological protection and the nuclear safety. Due to the great increment in the use of radioactive sources in diverse areas, soon it was evident for the SAR the importance and necessity to promote the knowledge of the radioprotection approaches between the users of radioactive sources and ionizing radiations in all its application fields, be these industrial, academic or doctors. From the year 2000, the SAR comes organizing in regular and periodical form basic and specialized courses about radiological safety of radioactive sources for industrial use and profile of oil wells, among others. In this work, the characteristics of the different dictated courses are described whose programs have been developed keeping in mind the requirements of the competent authorities of Argentina. Also, statistical information on the dictated courses and its participants is presented. The number of dictated courses was incremented from 6 (year 2000) up to 16 (year 2005), being also increased significantly the number of participants for course. The dictated courses are theoretical-practical, with a duration average of 20 hs. The educational body is constituted by specialists in the different topics with recognized experience. Its given to the participants notes and support material, as well as copies of the material presented to develop the course. When concluding the courses, its deliver to the participants certifies of attendance and/or approval, as it corresponds. In their headquarters the SAR has didactic facilities and specific equipment for the dictation of the courses. Also accounts with the easiness of dictating those courses outside of their headquarters. This is particularly advantageous for companies or organizations that are seated in points far from the main cities and they should qualify in radiological safety to the personnel but, by

  9. Large-Scale Agricultural Management and Soil Meso- and Macrofauna Conservation in the Argentine Pampas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Camilo Bedano

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Soil is the most basic resource for sustainable agricultural production; it promotes water quality, is a key component of the biogeochemical cycles and hosts a huge diversity of organisms. However, we are not paying enough attention to soil degradation produced by land use. Modern agriculture has been successful in increasing yields but has also caused extensive environmental damage, particularly soil degradation. In the Argentine Pampas, agriculturization reached a peak with the generalized use of the no-till technological package: genetically modified soybeans tolerant to glyphosate, no-till, glyphosate, and inorganic fertilizers. This phenomenon has been widely spread in the country; the no-till package has been applied in large areas and has been used by tenants in a 60%–70% of cultivated lands. Thus, those who were involved in developing management practices may not be the same as those who will face degradation issues related to those practices. Indeed, most evidence reviewed in this paper suggests that the most widely distributed practices in the Pampas region are actually producing severe soil degradation. Biological degradation is particularly important because soil biota is involved in numerous soil processes on which soil functioning relies, affecting soil fertility and productivity. For example, soil meso- and macrofauna are especially important in nutrient cycling and in soil structure formation and maintenance, and they are key components of the network that links microbial process to the scale of fields and landscapes where ecosystem services are produced. However, the knowledge of the impact of different agricultural managements on soil meso- and macrofauna in Pampas agroecosystems is far from conclusive at this stage. The reason for this lack of definite conclusions is that this area has been given less attention than in other parts of the world; the response of soil fauna to agricultural practices is complex and taxa

  10. The Information Center of the Argentine National Board of Nuclear Regulation (ENREN)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper is addressed particularly to the scientific community users and, as a whole, to any individual in society, whichever his profession or working environment, who is interested in getting acquainted of improving his/her knowledge in the areas of radiological protection and nuclear safety, as well as in other related areas of medicine, biology, engineering, mathematics and physics. The purpose of this paper is the diffusion of the broad spectrum of bibliography and the introduction of the technological-computerized media utilized as tools by the Argentine National Board of Nuclear Regulation in providing responses to a huge number of both internal and external requests for information. There is a large number of professionals and/or researchers who visit the facilities of our Information Center or who get in touch - through the post service, e-mail or telephone - consulting on the available material, either in paper (books, periodical publications, etc.) or in the form of microfilms, video, tapes, CD-ROM, etc. This paper is both descriptive and explanatory; a description is provided of the bibliographical material managed by the Information Center and a brief explanation is given on the techniques and methods used in providing the information requested by the users. Fundamentally, the Center's bibliographical material includes: periodical publications, books, reports, microfilms, etc., all of them related to radiological protection and nuclear safety. Data bases are available in CD-ROM, the most important one being the International Nuclear Information System (INIS) developed by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). The Center has also its own data bases, such as the GPRS (primary documents) and standards (both domestic and international), UNESCO's MicroIsis software is used for the Center's data bases: PERSIS (periodical publications), DOCSIS (books) and ARCAL (magazines from the Latin American territory). This paper will definitely serve as a safe

  11. Crisis vital desde una perspectiva de género

    OpenAIRE

    Castro, Eva; Flores López, Olga

    2004-01-01

    A continuación se presenta el caso de una mujer de 55 años que presenta una crisis de identidad, abordado desde una perspectiva de género y un modelo explicativo y terapéutico que incluye elementos del análisis transaccional y la terapia constructivista.

  12. SPSS: Importar desde hoja de cálculo

    OpenAIRE

    González Such, José

    2014-01-01

    S'ilustra la forma d'importar dades des de una fulla de càlcul a SPSS Se indica la forma de importar datos a SPSS desde una hoja de cálculo It is described the way for import data from an Excell Sheet

  13. Kosovo - An Atypical Parliamentary Republic

    OpenAIRE

    Murat Jashari; Behar Selimi

    2016-01-01

    The topic of this comparative study is the republican character of the system of governance in Kosovo. In the public discourse and political communication, as well as in academic discourse Kosovo is considered a Parliamentary Republic, based on the principle “of the separation of powers and checks and balances between them.” Although the constitutional definition of the relationship between the executive and legislative favors parliamentary republicanism, the constitutional powers of the pres...

  14. Morphostructures of the Czech Republic

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Demek, J.; Kirchner, Karel; Mackovčin, P.; Slavík, P.

    Pécs : Institute of Geography, University of Pécs, 2007 - (Varga, G.; Kovács, I.). s. 3-4 ISBN 978-963-9632-13-4. [Carpatho-Balkan-Dinaric conference on geomorphology. 24.10.2007-28.10.2007, Pécs] Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z30860518 Keywords : morphostructures * morphostructural analysis * tectonic evolution * Czech Republic Subject RIV: DE - Earth Magnetism, Geodesy, Geography

  15. Cybercrime in the Czech Republic

    OpenAIRE

    Libovický, Radek

    2013-01-01

    With advancement in computer technology new kinds of computer crimes being spread and this is a main theme of this bachelor work. In theoretic part of this work reader will be introduced into most known types of illegal behavior first and this part is followed by concrete paragraphs from Czech criminal law which what sanction is taking for. The element of the theoretical part is statistics which are identifying rate of computer criminality in the Czech Republic. The main contribution of this ...

  16. Trichinella infection in Czech Republic

    OpenAIRE

    Jarošová, Eva

    2012-01-01

    Sumary This work deals with issues of trichinosis, gender Trichinella in Czech Republic, describes the best-known types of trichinosis, their occurrence, adaptation mechanisms important for survival, real danger of disease and preventative measures aimed at protection against the infection. Trichinellas are parasites that may cause a very dangerous disease called trichinelosa which can be fatal to humans. It occurs mainly in carnivores and humans may be infected by ingestion of under ...

  17. Restructuring in SMEs: Czech Republic

    OpenAIRE

    Bučinová, Lucie; Bučina, Petr; Dužár, Jiří; Hruška, Vladan

    2013-01-01

    Based on information derived from 85 case studies across all EU Member States and other sources, the project outlines the features peculiar to SMEs in their anticipation and management of restructuring, explores the main drivers of change and analyses the factors influencing successful restructuring. It offers some insight into how restructuring impacts on workers and the company itself and sets out several policy pointers for future action. This is the country report for the Czech Republic.

  18. Shanghai's Fashion During Republic Period

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卞向阳

    2004-01-01

    The goal of this research is to describe and analyze Shanghai's fashion during Republic Period. Shanghai's fashion during Republic Period plays a special role in fashion history of China and Shanghai history. In the paper, three aspects including the fashion centre of China as well as Far East, men's fashion and women's fashion in Shanghai are discussed. The style, textiles, color, decoration and combination of clothing are described. Many costumes from the Clothing Museum at Donghua University and private collections as well as some historical writings, photographs and publications are elucidated and corroborated to give a more detailed description about Shanghai's fashion during that period.Here are some tentative conclusions. Firstly, Shanghai had always been the fashion center in China even Far East during Republic Period. Modeng was the main reflection of Shanghai fashion. Secondly, the traditional clothing exerted less influence and was less widely used, some kinds and combinations were out of fashion gradually. The fashion was described to be highly stylized, exquisite and concise. Thirdly, the influence of Western Style was further greater. The fashion in Shanghai was almost synchronous with fashion of Paris. Some western clothing was directly used in daily life and the elements of Western Style had an increasingly wide utilization. Fourthly, the New Chinese Style whose representatives were Qipao and Zhongshan Zhuang appeared and popularized in Shanghai. The fashion of Qipao changed frequently. Finally, the fashion in Shanghai called Shanghai Style could be summarized fashionable, exquisite, rapidly changeable, which is harmonious of both ancient and modern, Chinese and foreign.

  19. Czech Republic,TOUCHING THE DREAMLAND

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    @@ Briefly about the Czech Republic Since time immemorial, the Czech lands have been the crossroads of European cultures. The cultural character of Czech cities, villages and spa towns has always been a source of inspiration to visitors and guests, who come here from all comers of the world. The Czech Republic,the youngest in the family of European countries, was born in 1993 when the Czechoslovak Federal Republic split into two independent states.

  20. Integration of foreigners in the Czech Republic

    OpenAIRE

    Horčicová, Helena

    2011-01-01

    How successful is the government of the Czech Republic at supporting social integration of foreigners? What is the immigrant integration policy in the Czech Republic? The aim of this theses is to overview and analyse the immigrant integration in the Czech Republic. The concept of immigrant integration is crucial to the process of immigrant integration, therefore I focus on it and analyse it in detail. In the past few years, there has been a clear shift of immigrant policy from multiculturalis...

  1. SIG Y TELEDETECCIÓN EN INVESTIGACIONES ARQUEOLÓGICAS DEL CHACO ARGENTINO (GIS and Remote Sensing in the Archaeological Research of the Argentine Chaco

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guillermo N. Lamenza

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo se enmarca dentro de un proyecto interdisciplinario cuyo objetivo general es reconstruir el proceso biocultural prehispánico y el uso del espacio en el Gran Chaco sudamericano (Proyecto UNLP-CONICET: Dinámica Cultural Chaqueña en el Holoceno Tardío. Esta región se presenta como una extensa llanura caracterizada por sus bosques y humedales, comprende un territorio que supera el millón de km² y se ubica en la porción centro-sur del continente. De manera específica, el sector correspondiente al territorio argentino se extiende desde el río Pilcomayo hasta aproximadamente el paralelo 30°, incluyendo las provincias de Chaco, Formosa, Santiago del Estero y, parcialmente, las de Salta, Jujuy, Tucumán, La Rioja, Catamarca, San Juan, San Luis, Córdoba, Santa Fe y Corrientes. Se presentan los resultados de las últimas investigaciones arqueológicas abocadas a la localización de asentamientos humanos prehispánicos y su vinculación con el paisaje. Se procedió a la utilización de Sistemas de Información Geográfica (SIG, procesamiento digital de imágenes y teledetección para la sistematización y creación de nueva información. Como resultado, se obtuvo un algoritmo que integra cartografía temática de utilidad arqueológica y permite establecer zonas de potencialidad diferencial para la localización de sitios arqueológicos. Esta contribución constituye un avance en las investigaciones arqueológicas regionales permitiendo, por un lado, la puesta en valor patrimonial y, a su vez, optimizar las tareas de prospección y relevamiento de sitios. ENGLISH: This work is part of an interdisciplinary project whose overall objective is to reconstruct the pre-Hispanic biocultural process and use of space in the South American Gran Chaco (UNLP-CONICET Project Dinámica Cultural Chaqueña en el Holoceno Tardío. This region appears as a vast plain characterized by its forests and wetlands, comprising an area of over one million km

  2. Co-operation agreement. The text of the agreement of 25 May 1998 between the International Atomic Energy Agency and the Brazilian-Argentine Agency for accounting and control of nuclear materials

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The document reproduces the text of the Co-operation Agreement between the International Atomic Energy Agency and the Brazilian-Argentine Agency for Accounting and Control of Nuclear Materials which entered into force on 25 May 1998

  3. Biohydrometallurgy perspectives in the Argentine mining industry. Analysis of results obtained from copper, cobalt, nickel, manganese, silver and uranium recuperation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The application of biotechnology principles to metals recuperation from minerals or industrial wastes is a recent technology. It essentially consists in the utilization of bacteria which act as catalysts of metallic sulfur oxidation. This oxidation directly or indirectly produces soluble products from compounds present in the insoluble minerals in the lixiviating fluids media, as copper, cobalt, nickel sulfurs, uranium (IV) oxide and manganese (IV) oxide. The results obtained using Thiobacillus ferrooxidans and Thiobacillus thiooxidans bacteria permitted to establish the application of this technique to the Argentine minerals. The main advantages of the bacterian lixiviation lie upon its application to low content minerals, at low installation and operating costs and at important effects absence of environmental contamination. (Author)

  4. Tectonique Cénozoïque du Haut Plateau de la Puna, Nord Ouest Argentin, Andes Centrales.

    OpenAIRE

    Coutand, Isabelle

    1999-01-01

    Mémoires de Géosciences Rennes, n° 92, 381 p., ISBN: 2-905532-91-2 Les Andes Centrales sont l'exemple type d'une chaîne se développant le long d'une marge active en contexte non collisionel et résultent de la subduction légèrement oblique (-N75°E) de la plaque océanique Nazca sous le continent sud-américain. Elles sont caractérisées par la présence du haut plateau de l'Altiplano-Puna s'étendant depuis le Pérou au Nord jusqu'en Argentine au Sud et présentant une altitude moyenne avoisinant ...

  5. Temps de la métropole, temps des déchets. Le cas de Buenos Aires (Argentine)

    OpenAIRE

    Carré, Marie-Noëlle

    2015-01-01

    La gestion des déchets à Buenos Aires, métropole argentine de 14,5 millions d’habitants, a connu des reconfigurations importantes depuis les années 2000. Les revendications citoyennes en faveur d’une gestion plus respectueuse de l’environnement émergent en pleine crise de 2001, et ne sont pas sans rappeler les débuts du système sociotechnique instauré en 1977. Au lendemain du coup d’État militaire, le gouvernement de facto lançait l’un des projets d’aménagement du territoire métropolitain des...

  6. Images and symbols of nuclear energy and environment in Argentine public opinion: the need of a new strategy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The need to create in the Argentine public opinion new positives symbols and images on nuclear energy and on the benefits of its peaceful applications, is al present so important as the development of new technical tools to improve the nuclear industry. These positives symbols and imagines on nuclear energy must be created in the framework of a joint strategy of all the country's nuclear institutions as well as other public organizations, in view of the new nuclear plan recently announced. This joint strategy will permit to create not only the new positives symbols and images in the public opinion, but also to obtain the support of the mass media and new spaces for negotiation in the national, provincial and municipal levels. (author)

  7. Secrets, Trauma, and the Memory Market (or the return of the repressed in recent Argentine post-dictatorship cultural production

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvia R Tandeciarz

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Since the end of the last Argentine Dictatorship (1976-1983, a number of feature-length films have engaged in the public debate over the legacies of state terrorism. El secreto de sus ojos (2009, Argentina's most recent Oscar winner, is the latest to do so, exploring the effects of more than a decade of impunity on those who lost their loved ones. Suggesting that restoration of a justice system that works can lead to the restoration of full civic engagement in a healthy body politic, the film raises important questions about citizenship and belonging in a post-national era. This essay explores the film's phenomenal success in the global memory market to illuminate what remains at stake in contemporary narratives of reconciliation.

  8. En torno a la desilusión argentina On Argentine disillusionment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrés Kozel

    2007-12-01

    its emergence with general social and economic processes?; How can we extract the incidents of this idea?; How can we characterize and classify its main expressions?; How can we think about the global meaning of this ideological and political process? The general exposition of the research is focused on showing that the topic of the failure acquired its decisive attributes during the first half of the 20th century, through a complex dynamic, comprised of diverse channels which should be captured in their specificity, although without losing sight of the more general movement of which they form a part: seen globally, this movement contributed to the erosion of an entire ideological-cultural configuration, which I call "argentine illusion". The backdrop of the process was none other than the growing social complexity, the greater and more dissonant discursive diversification (Tulio Halperín and the profound hegemony crisis which the country experienced throughout the period.

  9. Italian and Argentine olive oils: a NMR and gas chromatographic study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Segre, Annalaura

    2001-12-01

    Full Text Available High-field Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR spectroscopy and Gas Chromatography (GC were used to analyze 16 monovarietal olive oils obtained from few matched Mediterranean cultivars grown in experimental fields located in Italy and in the Catamarca region of Argentina. The Catamarca region is characterized by extreme pedoclimatic conditions and by a wild spontaneous vegetation. The proposed sampling allows to study the effect of different pedoclimatic conditions on olive oil composition. GC gives the fatty acid profile of olive oil samples. 1H and 13C NMR techniques provide different information: the 1H NMR spectrum allows the measurement of minor components of olive oils such as b-sytosterol, hexanal, trans-2-hexenal, formaldehyde, squalene, cycloartenol and linolenic acid; the 1C NMR spectrum allows to obtain information about glycerol tri-esters of olive oils, i.e., about their acyl composition and positional distribution on glycerol moiety. All the NMR and GC results have been submitted to Linear Discriminant Analysis (LDA and Tree Cluster Analysis (TCA. A careful analysis of the statistical results allows to select the Mediterranean cultivars less affected by the climatic conditions present in the Catamarca region. The selected cultivars produce olive oils which keep their Mediterranean characteristics and which can be proposed as colonizing plants in this wild Argentine region.La espectroscopía de Resonancia Magnética Nuclear de alta resolución (RMN y Cromatografía Gaseosa (CG fueron utilizadas para analizar 16 monovariedades de aceites de oliva, obtenidas de algunos olivares Mediterráneos cultivados contemporáneamente en campos experimentales localizados en Italia y en la región de Catamarca en Argentina. Estas muestras permiten estudiar diferentes condiciones pedoclimáticas en la composición de los aceite de oliva. La CG proporciona el perfil en ácidos grasos de los aceites de oliva y las técnicas RMN 1H y RMN 13C suministran

  10. Technical-economic analysis of the 'Tandem' fuel cycle. A study of the Brazil-Argentine case

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Advanced fuel cycles, nuclear power reactors, are studied all over the world nowadays, mainly as a way of enhancing the use of nuclear fuel. Such goal is usually decomposed under tree main aspects: environmental, economical and strategic. The Tandem Cycle has demonstrated, under these aspects, to be one of the most promising options among the advanced cycles. This cycle deals, basically, with the reutilization of irradiated ('burned') fuel in PWR type reactors, in CANDU type reactors, as this fuel also contains about 1.5% of fissile material. Brazilian and Argentine nucleoelectric generation options are, coincidentally, in accordance with this option of advanced cycle. This work thus deals with the viability analysis, both technical and economic, of the implementation of a Tandem cycle between the brazilian reactor of Angra-I (PWR) and the argentine reactor of Embalse (CANDU). Tree options of Tandem Cycle have been analysed specifically for the reactors in question. For this analysis, a methodology was developed and a computer program was designed to analyse the technical and economical parts of these options. Besides, countless details have been considered, such as: the influence of actinide elements, test and adjustment of the nuclear data library utilized in the calculations, observation of the safety and control of the CANDU reactor operating on the Tandem Cycle, etc. Given the analyses done, the adoption of the Tandem Cycle-2, in which the fuel irradiated from the PWR is diluted in depleted uranium, was suggested for an occasional implementation of this option of advanced fuel cycle between the reactors of Angra-I and Embalse as a general conclusion of this work. (author)

  11. Structure, composition and metagenomic profile of soil microbiomes associated to agricultural land use and tillage systems in Argentine Pampas.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Belén Carbonetto

    Full Text Available Agriculture is facing a major challenge nowadays: to increase crop production for food and energy while preserving ecosystem functioning and soil quality. Argentine Pampas is one of the main world producers of crops and one of the main adopters of conservation agriculture. Changes in soil chemical and physical properties of Pampas soils due to different tillage systems have been deeply studied. Still, not much evidence has been reported on the effects of agricultural practices on Pampas soil microbiomes. The aim of our study was to investigate the effects of agricultural land use on community structure, composition and metabolic profiles on soil microbiomes of Argentine Pampas. We also compared the effects associated to conventional practices with the effects of no-tillage systems. Our results confirmed the impact on microbiome structure and composition due to agricultural practices. The phyla Verrucomicrobia, Plactomycetes, Actinobacteria, and Chloroflexi were more abundant in non cultivated soils while Gemmatimonadetes, Nitrospirae and WS3 were more abundant in cultivated soils. Effects on metabolic metagenomic profiles were also observed. The relative abundance of genes assigned to transcription, protein modification, nucleotide transport and metabolism, wall and membrane biogenesis and intracellular trafficking and secretion were higher in cultivated fertilized soils than in non cultivated soils. We also observed significant differences in microbiome structure and taxonomic composition between soils under conventional and no-tillage systems. Overall, our results suggest that agronomical land use and the type of tillage system have induced microbiomes to shift their life-history strategies. Microbiomes of cultivated fertilized soils (i.e. higher nutrient amendment presented tendencies to copiotrophy while microbiomes of non cultivated homogenous soils appeared to have a more oligotrophic life-style. Additionally, we propose that conventional

  12. Huincúl Kimvn. Mirando la Historia "desde arriba".

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro Canales Tapia

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available El siguiente trabajo es una proposición histórica regional, de carácter etnográfica, que amparada en las técnicas y propuestas emanadas desde la historia oral y los estudios de la memoria, presentan una descripción de la situación vivencial de dos ancianos mapuche. Este relato muestra, a partir de la oralidad de los sujetos, la conexión, disociación y conflicto entre historia de vida e historia nacional - hegemónica, dando cuenta del sitial marginal y pauperizado, que la población mapuche experimenta de manera estructural, desde la pérdida de su territorio y la desarticulación de éste en el siglo XIX en adelante. De este modo, la historia mapuche se articula a partir de los dispositivos de la memoria y su vínculo con la alteridad, desde posiciones marcadas por la colonialidad de las relaciones sociales entre sí y con otros/as. De esta forma, rescatar la memoria histórica de dos  ancianos mapuche, nos adentra en la discusión acerca dela construcción constante de identidad étnica y despliegue de la etnicidad entre los miembros de un grupo determinado, emergiendo de allí discursos culturales, políticos y demandas sociales,que interpelan a la sociedad colonizadora y hegemónica, desde ámbitos tan diversos como laritualidad, el medio ambiente y la relación hombre – naturaleza.

  13. Climatic scenarios for the Czech Republic

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Kalvová, J.; Nemešová, Ivana

    Budapešť : Eötvös Lorand University, 1995, s. 41-49. - (963 463 042 1). [Workshop on regional climate change in Central-East Europe. Budapešť (HU), 28.11.1994-30.11.1994] Grant ostatní: EPA (CZ-US) Czech Republic`s Country Study Keywords : climate change

  14. Republic of Kazakhstan : Country Procurement Assessment Report

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank

    2002-01-01

    This Country Procurement Assessment Report (CPAR) is the first such report carried out for the Republic of Kazakhstan. It is based on an extensive review, qualitative analysis and discussion on the procurement environment in the Republic of Kazakhstan. The report includes: (i) the compatibility or otherwise of the national public procurement regime with the Bank's Procurement Guidelines; (...

  15. Kosovo - An Atypical Parliamentary Republic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Murat Jashari

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available The topic of this comparative study is the republican character of the system of governance in Kosovo. In the public discourse and political communication, as well as in academic discourse Kosovo is considered a Parliamentary Republic, based on the principle “of the separation of powers and checks and balances between them.” Although the constitutional definition of the relationship between the executive and legislative favors parliamentary republicanism, the constitutional powers of the president, the government and especially the constitutional and political power of the prime minister, significantly weaken the parliamentary character, in favor of a semi-presidential system. However, neither the current theories of government, nor constitutional provisions can rank Kosovo among semi-presidential systems, or pure parliamentary systems. Comparisons of competence powers relations in Kosovo, with similar relations and competences of the countries of the region and beyond, testify to the specific nature of parliamentary democracy in Kosovo. It is precisely the comparison of the Kosovo constitutional-legal system of governance with similar systems and theoretical analysis of parliamentary models facing Kosovo model which will be the basis of support of the hypothesis that Kosovo is not a typical parliamentary republic.

  16. Cucurto's Cardboard Coloring Book: Argentine Independence and other Stories to Recycle

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Doris Sommer

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo busca probar el carácter de materiales reciclables de los actuales discursos histórico y literario, como se puede constatar en el marco de las celebraciones oficiales con motivo del bicentenario de la independencia argentina. Para ello se analiza el trabajo adelantado por Washington Cucurto, seudónimo del escritor argentino Santiago Vega (1973, en su editorial Eloísa Cartonera (edición de textos a partir de materiales reciclables adquiridos a los cartoneros bonaerenses, su aguda mirada de los procesos migratorios desde diferentes lugares de Latinoamérica hacia Argentina y su peculiar manera de concebir la re-escritura de la literatura.This article tries to prove how present historical and literary discourses are recyclable materials, as the framework of Argentina’s Bicentennial Independence official celebrations shows. The work done by Washington Cucurto in his Eloisa Cartonera’s press (editing texts from recyclable materials, acquired from the Buenos Aires’ cardboards, his sharp view on the migratory processes from different places of Latin America toward Argentina and his particular way of thinking the re-writing of literature contribute to prove the recyclable character of these discourses.

  17. The Argentine electric market indicative planning. The transport systems reference guides; Planificacion indicativa del mercado electrico argentino. Las guias de referencia de los sistemas de transporte

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nizovoy, Jorge Alberto; Puleri, Cesar Anibal [Transener S.A., Buenos Aires (Argentina)]. E-mail: Jorge.Nizovoy@transx.com.ar

    2001-07-01

    This work describes the foreseen tool in the Argentine electric market to guide the users regarding transport systems probable evolution, whereas they have to make inversion decisions in order to enlarge the power transportation networks. The Transportation System Reference Guides constitute such tools. Besides referring to its contents and experiences that have guided to improvements on its edition process, the work approaches aspects of the Argentine electric system development, which illustrate the challenger context on which they have been accomplishing and the obtained knowledge from comparison between what has been really accomplished and what has been proposed by the guides. For this, it is used the Transener S.A. company private experience by means of real examples from its seven published Reference Guides.

  18. Urbanismo colonial temprano en la República Argentina: Aportes desde la arqueología Early Colonial Urbanism in Republica Argentina: Archaeological Contributions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Igareta

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Tradicionalmente, la arqueología argentina ha centrado su interés en el análisis de problemáticas relativas a las sociedades que habitaron el territorio en tiempos prehispánicos; solo en menor medida y más tardíamente, sitios y problemáticas históricas atrajeron la atención de los investigadores. Un tema en particular, el del surgimiento y estructuración de ciudades durante el período colonial, resultó poco abordado por los arqueólogos, pese al intensivo análisis y construcción de modelos interpretativos desarrollados desde otras disciplinas históricas. Investigaciones arqueológicas recientes han dado cuenta del gran potencial informativo de un conjunto de centros urbanos hasta ahora dejados de lado: las ciudades creadas y destruidas durante el siglo XVI, cuya morfología claramente se alejó del modelo clásico de regularidad propuesto pero que influyó en la posterior estructuración del sistema urbano.Argentine archaeology traditionally has been focused on the analysis of prehistoric societies; just recently and in a smaller proportion historical problems and sites captured their attention. Urban development during the colonial period was a subject little boarded by the archaeologists, despite the intensive analysis other historical disciplines dedicated to the theme. Recent archaeological investigations evidenced the great informative potential of cities created and destroyed during the century XVI, whose morphology clearly diverged from the classic regular model and had significant influence in the later structuring of the urban system.

  19. Insertion of Argentine firms in global value chains not oriented to the mass market: The cases of high-end footwear and the Basso group

    OpenAIRE

    González, Andrea; Hallak, Juan Carlos; Schott, Peter; Genta, Tatiana Soria

    2012-01-01

    This paper describes experiences of international insertion of Argentine producers of manufactured goods not oriented to the mass market. Based on these experiences, we develop a typology of potential alternatives of international insertion for this type of goods centered on the role of local agents in design activities. Our analysis follows the global value chain (GVC) approach and emphasizes the links between local producers and buyers in developed countries. First, we analyze experiences o...

  20. The effects of nitric oxide cooling and the photodissociation of molecular oxygen on the thermosphere/ionosphere system over the Argentine Islands

    OpenAIRE

    G. D. Wells; Rodger, A. S.; Moffett, R. J.; G. J. Bailey; Fuller-Rowell, T. J.

    1997-01-01

    In the past the global, fully coupled, time-dependent mathematical model of the Earth's thermosphere/ionosphere/plasmasphere (CTIP) has been unable to reproduce accurately observed values of the maximum plasma frequency, foF2, at extreme geophysical locations such as the Argentine Islands during the summer solstice where the ionosphere remains in sunlight throughout the day. This is probably because the seasonal dependence of thermospheric cooling by 5.3 µm nitric oxid...

  1. Essential Oils of Plants as Biocides against Microorganisms Isolated from Cuban and Argentine Documentary Heritage.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Borrego, Sofía; Valdés, Oderlaise; Vivar, Isbel; Lavin, Paola; Guiamet, Patricia; Battistoni, Patricia; Gómez de Saravia, Sandra; Borges, Pedro

    2012-01-01

    Natural products obtained from plants with biocidal activity represent an alternative and useful source in the control of biodeterioration of documentary heritage, without negative environmental and human impacts. In this work, we studied the antimicrobial activity of seven essential oils against microorganisms associated with the biodeterioration of documentary heritage. The essential oils were obtained by steam distillation. The antimicrobial activity was analyzed using the agar diffusion method against 4 strains of fungi and 6 bacterial strains isolated from repositories air and documents of the National Archive of the Republic of Cuba and the Historical Archive of the Museum of La Plata, Argentina. Anise and garlic oils showed the best antifungal activity at all concentrations studied, while oregano oil not only was effective against fungi tested but also prevented sporulation of them all. Orange sweet and laurel oils were ineffective against fungi. Clove, garlic, and oregano oils showed the highest antibacterial activity at 25% against Enterobacter agglomerans and Streptomyces sp., while only clove and oregano oils were effective against Bacillus sp. at all concentrations studied. This study has an important implication for the possible use of the natural products from plants in the control of biodeterioration of documentary heritage. PMID:23762760

  2. Argentine activities related to the development of low enriched fuel elements

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Within the framework of the RERTR Program and supported by the technical cooperation work agreed upon between the U.S.A. and Argentina in May 1979, the CNEA Nuclear Fuel Department - Low Enriched Fuel Elements Project (ECBE Project), has carried on its own program for developing fuels with low enrichment for research and test reactors. Up to the present, its main objective has been to replace the highly enriched fuel used in its only reactor (RA-3) for research, development and radioisotopes production. The basic stages of the Argentine Program are shown in Table 1. At a meeting held in Vienna in March, 1980, the CNEA stated that its development of fuels with low enrichment would be in two fuel lines: UAlx-Al and U3O8-Al, and that its aim would be to reach uranium densities of 18-2.2 g/cm3 for the UAIx-Al line and 2.4-3.0 g/cm3 for the U3O8 line. At the international meeting held at ANL in November, 1980, and after having received depleted uranium and uranium with 20% and 45% enrichment (purchased from the U.S.A. for manufacturing miniplates and possible standard fuels) to carry on the proposed development, CNEA anticipated -- after its first tests -- that the conditions were satisfactory for reaching uranium densities of 2.4-3.0 g/cm3 in U3O8-Al fuel and of 2.4 g/cm3 in UAIx-Al fuel. In February 1981, after Argentina accepted the obligation of paying for the irradiation service, authorization was obtained for irradiating miniplates in the Oak Ridge Reactor within the RERTR Program. In June 1981, the first set of miniplates was sent to Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). The maximum actual densities reached at that time were 3.12 g/cm3 with U3O8-Al and 2.52 g/cm3 with UAlx-Al. During a visit of the CNEA Project Technical Manager to the Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) in July 1981, and after exchanging ideas with ANL professional staff, the CNEA decided to incorporate a new line of development, that of U3Si-Al. Three months later, in October 1981 a second set of

  3. El grupo editor de la revista Nosotros visto desde dentro. Argentina, 1907-1920

    OpenAIRE

    Miranda Lida

    2015-01-01

    The cultural magazine Nosotros, founded in Buenos Aires by Alfredo Bianchi and Roberto Giusti, occupied an undisputed place in Argentine culture during the first half of the 20th century. This article offers a reconstruction of its editorial group in the period between 1907 and 1920, from a perspective of social and intellectual history. It suggests that the institutionalization of the editorial group around a Cooperative Society was decisive in its growth as a magazine and publishing house, ...

  4. Crisis en la Argentina: una respuesta desde la historia de las bibliotecas públicas

    OpenAIRE

    Alejandro E. Parada

    2002-01-01

    The author defines and epitomizes the concept of crisis and associates the duration with the likely outcome. States that in 2002 Argentina is in crisis and offers a look at the problem from the Library Science with the question: what tells us the history of public libraries in Argentina during their continuous and endless crisis? To outline some answers presents four Argentine library events occurred in the late colonial period (1794), in the May Revolution (1810-1812), in 1870 with the enact...

  5. The environment of the Slovak Republic

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report of the Ministry of the Environment of the Slovak Republic deals with next areas of the environment of the Slovak Republic in 1999: (1) Basic information about the Slovak republic; (2) The environmental protection; (3) The cultural monuments protection; (4) The world and natural heritage; (5) The biodiversity; (6) The territorial system of ecological stability; (7) The environmental regional partition; (8) Components of the environment and their protection; (9) Environmental risk factors (radiation and others); (10) Health and age of population; (11) Ministration on environment; (12 ) International co-operation. Alphabetical list of abbreviations and texts to pictures are included

  6. El barroco visto desde la historia intelectual japonesa

    OpenAIRE

    Falero Folgoso, Alfonso

    2004-01-01

    [ES] El término "barroco" en la historia cultural e intelectual japonesa es importado desde la lexicología europea. Por tanto más allá de posibles fenómenos estéticos paralelos que puedan haberse dado en los siglos XVII-XVIII en Japón, y en particular la historia del teatro kabuki o de la arquitectura de Nikko, este ensayo hace una revisión semiótica del uso del término "barroco" en los discursos que configuran la intelectualidad japonesa del siglo XX, y explora la heterogeneidad de su incide...

  7. Desde los bordes, hacia una natación regional

    OpenAIRE

    Tévez, Nora Beatriz

    2011-01-01

    Los CEF de nuestra provincia constituyen instituciones educativas que construyen con la comunidad una Educación Física que atiende a la corporeidad y motricidad de los sujetos. El proyecto Desde los Bordes hacia una Natación Regional instituye una propuesta hacia lo político singular. Singular no como particular, sino como modo de hacer situacionales. Considera la diversidad cultural, la heterogeneidad de posibilidades, intereses y deseos que respondan a las múltiples infancias y adolescencia...

  8. EL CAPITAL INTELECTUAL CONSOLIDADO DESDE EL MODELO DE LIDERAZGO AMCO

    OpenAIRE

    SANDRA ESTRADA MEJÍA; LUZ STELLA RESTREPO DE OCAMPO; MARÍA ESPERANZA LÓPEZ DUQUE

    2009-01-01

    Este artículo presenta una propuesta para fortalecer el capital intelectual desde la aplicación del modelo de liderazgo AMCO estructurado en 3 niveles: individual, social y de gestión, desarrollada a través de estrategias de intervención al capital humano, estructural y cliente. Es así como se logrará que la organización basada en el conocimiento oriente sus procesos a la generación de ciencia y tecnología para impactar las necesidades que hoy en día requiere la sociedad.

  9. Capital de Marca desde la perspectiva del consumidor

    OpenAIRE

    José Luis Saavedra Torres

    2004-01-01

    El objetivo de este artículo es explorar los conceptos teóricos del Capital de Marca desde la perspectiva del comportamiento del consumidor, como un intento de revisar los basamentos que constituyen su formación. Los planteamientos realizados forman parte de una investigación cualitativa de las propuestas de cuatro autores que formulan modelos para definir las fuentes, métodos para construir y elementos para determinar los beneficios del Capital de Marca, tanto para la organizació...

  10. Las necesidades humanas desde la psicología moral

    OpenAIRE

    Martí Vilar, Manuel

    2008-01-01

    En este texto se presentan las aportacionesde la psicología del desarrollo moral y de la prosocialidad a la reflexión sobre las necesidades humanas, especialmente en el contexto presente, haciendo especial hincapié en propuestas psicoeducativas con una solución positiva a la situación actual. La delimitación conceptual que se plantea pretende ayudar a entender aquellos términos que más se utilizan y que se consideran una buena aportación desde la psicología moral a las necesidades humanas. AB...

  11. Lo escrito desde el análisis del discurso

    OpenAIRE

    Daniel Cassany

    2013-01-01

    El objetivo de este artículo es sintetizar las principales aportacionesque se han realizado desde el ámbito lingüístico (pragmática,análisis del discurso, lingüística del texto, sociolingüística; ver Lavandera1985) y etnográfico {estudio de comunidades orales y escritas;ver Saville-Troike 1989), para orientar tanto la tarea investigadoradel linguista y del psicopedagogo de la lectoescritura como laactividad didáctica del docente en el aula.

  12. Lo escrito desde el análisis del discurso

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Cassany

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este artículo es sintetizar las principales aportacionesque se han realizado desde el ámbito lingüístico (pragmática,análisis del discurso, lingüística del texto, sociolingüística; ver Lavandera1985 y etnográfico {estudio de comunidades orales y escritas;ver Saville-Troike 1989, para orientar tanto la tarea investigadoradel linguista y del psicopedagogo de la lectoescritura como laactividad didáctica del docente en el aula.

  13. Concretar respuestas desde el trabajo comunitario-1. parte

    OpenAIRE

    Barbero, Josep Manel; Jornada INMODELS-UV: Nuevos desafíos sociales, nuevos modelos de intervención. Valencia, Abril 2011

    2011-01-01

    Aproximación al Trabajo Social desde una perspectiva metodológica, cuyo objetivo es la transformación de situaciones sociales, mediante una estrategia de organización colectiva. El Trabajo Comunitario se enfrenta al reto de constituir y sostener grupos motor, elaborar diagnósticos colectivos, y de proyectos de desarrollo social (generar nuevos grupos y nuevas relaciones entre grupos, intensificar la vida social), y la evaluación de su aplicación, con objetivos de proceso y objetivos de habil...

  14. PASIÓN, MEMORIA Y FANTASMAS DESDE EL PATIO 29

    OpenAIRE

    Claudio Andrés Maldonado Rivera

    2008-01-01

    La memoria es uno de los mecanismos de reconstrucción cultural que posibilita entender la gestación de la identidad colectiva. En esta investigación se intenta dar cuenta, desde una perspectiva semiótica, de cómo la memoria activa la (re)construcción y mantenimiento identitario de la colectividad de la izquierda chilena dentro de un lugar codificado ideológicamente, la Necrópolis, en específico el Cementerio General de Santiago (C.G.S), en particular el patio 29, el cual acoge los cuerpos de ...

  15. La salud mental desde la transdisciplinariedad y el modelo integral

    OpenAIRE

    José Domingo Flórez Moreno; Heimi Darlyn Gallego Jacded

    2011-01-01

    Se trata sobre la transdisciplinariedad, con el objetivo de analizar la temática y tener más elementos para el abordaje de la salud mental desde la integralidad en la psicología, teniendo como base el modelo integral de Ken Wilber. Para tal fin se realizó la búsqueda de información con base en seis ejes temáticos: salud mental, transdisciplinariedad, diferentes áreas de la salud mental y sus contribuciones, el modelo integral, nuevos paradigmas y la psicología integral. Se revisaron 89 artícu...

  16. La Conservación Integral Alternativa desde el Sur

    OpenAIRE

    Torrealba, Isa; Carbonell, Fabricio

    2014-01-01

    Esbozamos los elementos de un nuevo modelo conceptual para entender desde la perspectiva latinoamericana qué ocasiona el desbalance entre naturaleza y sociedad y vislumbrar así las verdaderas oportunidades y amenazas de soslayar el abismo entre lo ambiental y lo social al integrar efectivamente desarrollo y conservación.  Como propuesta teórica endógena compatible con la perdurabilidad del bienestar humano y producto de 10 años de investigación en el medio rural latinoamericano (sur), present...

  17. El alcoholismo desde la perspectiva de género

    OpenAIRE

    Janette Góngora Soberanes; Marco Antonio Leyva Piña

    2005-01-01

    Es evidente que ser mujer y presentar un consumo problemático de alcohol reta a los estereotipos sociales y culturales de una sociedad sexista. Se cree que, en relación con los hombres, las mujeres con problemas de alcohol tienen la tendencia a experimentar un estigma doloroso que destruye la imagen que tienen de ellas ante los demás, a diferencia de ellos. Así, además del estigma asociado a ser mujer enfer-ma para toda su vida desde su espacio privado, es mal juzgada en el ejercicio de surol...

  18. Crisis institucional en la Universidad Argentina Institutional crisis in the Argentine University

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Mazzola

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available En Argentina se ha abierto una discusión en torno a la modificación de la ley de educación superior vigente desde el año 1995. Entre los aspectos que ese marco normativo no pudo resolver se encuentra la tensión entre autonomía universitaria con la evaluación estatal. En el presente trabajo se analiza esta problemática haciendo referencia al contexto en que la misma se ha producido, la llamada década de los 90', y se analiza también el marco legal que en Argentina ha estado vigente hasta estos días. Dado que se viene produciendo un debate en torno a los ejes que debería abordar una nueva ley, el presente trabajo concluye con una propuesta en torno la tensión entre autonomía y evaluación.There is a discussion in Argentina about the changes in the higher education law in effect since 1995. Among the aspects that this law cannot resolve is the tension between university autonomy and state evaluation. This study analyses this issue in reference to the context in which it was produced - the 90s - and analyses the law that has been in effect until today. Given this ongoing debate concerning the aspects that should be considered by a new law, the present study concludes with a proposal about the tension between autonomy and evaluation.

  19. Making Sense of an Unstable Legislature: Committee Assignments in the Argentine Chamber of Deputies, 1946–2001 La lógica de una legislatura inestable: la distribución de comisiones en la Cámara de Diputados Argentina, 1946-2001

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvina Lilian Danesi

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Latin American legislatures have gone largely unstudied, with the functioning of the Argentine Chamber of Deputies prior to the 1980s being an entirely unexplored subject. This paper fills that gap by examining the organization of the Chamber, with particular focus on its standing committee system from 1946 to 2001. We assess the portability of two U.S.-based theoretical approaches to legislative organization by applying them to committee assignments. An original data set of Argentine deputies was constructed and a way of measuring political power in committees was devised for this study. Despite weak democratic governments, military interventions, and changes to the electoral system, we find that ruling parties have consistently influenced the committee system, shaping its structure and securing an over-proportion of their deputies in key committee positions. These results support the applicability of the U.S. originated Cartel Theory of legislative organization to understanding and studying legislatures outside that country.Las legislaturas latinoamericanas no han recibido debida atención. Un caso emblemático es la Cámara de Diputados Argentina, cuyo funcionamiento previo a los 1980’s ha sido inexplorado. Este artículo persigue llenar ese vacío examinando la organización de su sistema de comisiones permanentes desde 1946 hasta 2001. Para ello, evaluamos la aplicabilidad de dos teorías norteamericanas sobre organización legislativa para analizar la integración de comisiones, creamos una base de datos de diputados argentinos y diseñamos una forma de medir su poder político en las comisiones. A pesar de la inestabilidad institucional y los cambios de sistema electoral, los resultados demuestran que los partidos que controlaron la Cámara influenciaron en forma sistemática el sistema de comisiones, cambiando su estructura y asegurando la sobrerrepresentación de sus diputados en cargos clave. El estudio confirma, asimismo, la

  20. Comparative leaf anatomy in argentine Galactia species Anatomía comparada de hoja en especies argentinas de Galactia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. M. Tourn

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available A comparative study of anatomical characters of the leaves of argentine species of Genera Galactia was carried out in order to evaluate their potential value in Taxonomy. In Argentine 14 species and some varieties from Sections Odonia and Collaearia can be found. Section Odonia: G. benthamiana Mich., G. dubia DC., G. fiebrigiana Burkart var. correntina Burkart, G. glaucophylla Harms, G. gracillima Benth., G. latisiliqua Desv., G. longifolia (Jacq. Benth., G. marginalis Benth., G. striata (Jacq. Urban, G. martioides Burkart, G. neesi D. C. var. australis Malme, G. pretiosa Burkart var. pretiosa, G. texana (Scheele A. Gray and G. boavista (Vell. Burkart from Section Collaearia. The characterization of sections is mainly based on reproductive characters, vegetative ones (exomorphological aspects are scarcely considered. The present paper provides a description of anatomical characters of leaves in argentine species of Galactia. Some of them, may have diagnostic value in taxonomic treatment. Special emphasis is placed on the systematic significance of the midvein structure. The aim of the present study, covering 10 species (named in bold, is a to add more data of leaf anatomy characters, thus b to evaluate the systematic relevance and/ or ecological significance.Se realizó un estudio comparativo de la anatomía foliar de especies argentinas del género Galactia (Fabaceae, a fin de evaluar su potencial en taxonomía. En la Argentina se reconocen 14 especies (con algunas variedades, 13 de la sección Odonia -G. benthamiana Mich., G. fiebrigiana Burkart var. correntina Burkart , G. gracillima Benth., G. latisiliqua Desv., G. marginalis Benth., G. striata (Jacq. Urban y G. texana (Scheele A. Gray, G. dubia DC., G. glaucophylla Harms, G. longifolia (Jacq. Benth., G. martioides Burkart, G. neesi DC. var. australis Malme, G. pretiosa Burkart var. Pretiosa- y G. boavista (Vell. Burkart de la sección Collaearia (Burkart, 1971. Los estudios se realizaron en

  1. Problemática del arsénico en la llanura sudeste de la provincia de Córdoba: Biotransferencia a leche bovina Arsenic in the southeast plains of Cordoba province, Argentine: Biotransference to bovine milk

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A Pérez Carrera

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available La transferencia de elementos traza desde matrices ambientales a la cadena agroalimentaria es un fenómeno que está siendo estudiado en distintas regiones del mundo. Sin embargo, la información acerca de los niveles en alimentos, particularmente la leche, es escasa. En nuestro país, un elemento de particular relevancia es el arsénico (As, por su ocurrencia natural en aguas subterráneas en una amplia zona de nuestro territorio. En este trabajo se determinaron las concentraciones de As en agua de bebida animal, suelo, forraje y leche en establecimientos lecheros del sudeste de la provincia de Córdoba. Los niveles de As determinados en agua de bebida, en particular en aquellos establecimientos que extraían el agua de la capa freática, sugerían la posibilidad de transferencia de As a la leche bovina. Los niveles en suelo y forraje estuvieron dentro de los rangos de valores normales para regiones de abundancia natural de As. Las concentraciones de As determinadas en muestras de leche no revestían toxicidad para consumo humano. Los resultados obtenidos permitieron estimar un factor de biotransferencia (FBT de As a leche bovina a partir de la ingesta de este elemento por parte de los animales, en las condiciones productivas y edafoclimáticas de nuestro país.Trace element transference from environmental matrices to the agricultural food chain is an actual phenomenon that is being analyzed in different regions of the world. Nevertheless, knowledge about trace element content in food, particularly in milk, is scarce. In Argentine, an element of great concern is arsenic due to its natural occurrence in groundwater in large areas of the country. The aim of the present work was determine arsenic content in livestock drinking water and milk from dairy farms located in the southeast of the Cordoba province. Arsenic concentrations in all collected phreatic samples suggested the possibility of transference to bovine milk. Arsenic levels in soils and

  2. Energy policy of the Czech Republic

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this presentation author deals with the state and perspectives of energy production in the Czech Republic up to 2030 year. Share of energy consumption as well as perspectives of nuclear energy are discussed

  3. English in the Czech Republic: Linguists’ perspectives

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Kaderka, Petr; Prošek, Martin

    -, č. 28 (2014), s. 173-198. ISSN 0933-1883 Institutional support: RVO:68378092 Keywords : language situation * English as a global language * attitudes towards English * national language institution * sociolinguistics * Czech Republic Subject RIV: AI - Linguistics

  4. EL LENGUAJE DESDE LA BIOLOGÍA DEL AMOR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    JOSÉ DE LA FUENTE

    1997-01-01

    Full Text Available En el presente trabajo se intenta una lectura descriptiva, sistemática y analítica del aporte del biólogo Humberto Maturana sobre su invitación teórica a la biología del conocimiento y además correlatos conceptuales remitidos al lenguaje desde la biología del amor. Su planteamiento "conspirativo" es ontológico, fundado en la conversación y en la democracia. Cuando se pierde la congruencia entre nosotros y el medio, simplemente no somos. En esta teoría aparecen íntimamente ligadas las nociones de lenguaje, lenguajear, conversar, emocionar, observar y autopoiesis. Se reseña a la persona y al investigador y se esbozan controversias, se precisa qué es la biología del amor, el lenguaje, los sistemas de convivencia y dominios, la relación del lenguaje con la realidad, la observación desde los caminos explicativos de la objetividad sin paréntesis y de la objetividad en paréntesis, la importancia de la experiencia estética y se sugiere qué mundo nos espera a partir de la educación

  5. La prostitución, una mirada desde sus actores

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luisa Fernanda Montoya Restrepo

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo surge de la investigación Aspectos sociales y familiares que conllevan al ejercicio de la prostitución a 14 jóvenes de la ciudad de Medellín, a partir de sus relatos de vida, que en su proceso de generación de información implementó entre otras estrategias, una serie de talleres con población –hombres y mujeres– en ejercicio de la prostitución y con el equipo profesional que les brinda atención psicosocial, como parte del desarrollo del diseño metodológico planteado para la generación de información. Con esta publicación se pretende reflexionar sobre las diferentes concepciones y significados que se le ha dado a la palabra prostitución, estigmatizada no solo desde el imaginario social, sino también desde la religión. Se retoman para ello algunas posturas disciplinares y especialmente las voces de los actores que participaron como fuentes originales en el proceso de investigación; por ende, se realizará un breve recorrido que recoja las connotaciones más comunes de las personas que ejercen cotidianamente la prostitución.

  6. Education and training in radiological protection in the Argentine region- IAEA, toward a long term commitment; Educacion y entrenamiento en proteccion radiologica en la region Argentina- OIEA, hacia un compromiso de largo plazo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Terrado, C.; Arbor G, A.; Bozzo, R.; Larcher, A.; Menossi, C.; Sajaroff, P. [Autoridad Regulatoria Nuclear, Libertador 8250, Buenos Aires (Argentina)]. e-mail: cterrado@sede.arn.gov.ar

    2006-07-01

    The Argentine Republic has extensive antecedents in education and training in radiological protection. From the beginning of the nuclear activity in the country was given preponderance to the aspects related with the radiological protection and the personnel's training involved in the employment of ionizing radiations. At the present time these educational activities already overcome the 50 years, there being accumulated a rich and important experience in the matter. In the country the organisms that have assigned by law the responsibility of the regulation and the control of practice them with ionizing radiations are the Nuclear Regulatory Authority and the Ministry of Health and Atmosphere of the Nation. The first one has the mission of protecting people of the noxious effects of the ionizing radiations derived of nuclear activities, the second is in charge of the control of the equipment dedicated specifically to generate X-rays. This includes the responsibility of elaborating, to emit and to make complete the regulations, standards and other corresponding requirements, in particular - in the mark of the present work - regarding to establish demands and to promote education activities and training in radiological protection. The sure use of the benefits that offers the nuclear development in its diverse applications implies to overturn resources, experience and dedication for the personnel's training. In that sense the Argentina has committed recently to undertake the necessary actions to constitute a Regional Center of Education and Training for Latin America and the Caribbean, taking advantage of the important experience obtained in more of 25 years of imparting graduate degree courses in radiological protection and nuclear safety with inter regional and regional character. With that purpose a process of self evaluation has begun (self appraisal), following the limits settled down by the International Atomic Energy Agency in the document &apos

  7. Czech Republic gross domestic product analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Kabelková, Renata

    2010-01-01

    The topic of my essay is the analysis of the gross domestic product of the Czech Republic in years 1999-2009. It consists of methodological and analytic parts. The methodological part describes basic terms needed to understand given issues. The analytic part details GDP of the Czech Republic in the monitored period. Analysis is made by comparisons between years and between quarters in constant prices of the previous year. Causes of development are described in detail including their positive ...

  8. Psychology Publication Issues in the Czech Republic

    OpenAIRE

    JOSEF ŠVANCARA

    2009-01-01

    The aim of this paper is to present the current situation and the view of psychology publication policy in Czech Republic. The presentation provided a platform for discussion. It summarized sixth-century progress in the development of scientific language. The current publication situation in Psychology in the Czech Republic was described. The present article reports on the journals: Czechoslovak Psychology (Prague) in comparison with the journal Studia psychologica (Bratislava), about their i...

  9. Waste management in the Czech Republic

    OpenAIRE

    Houšková, Alice

    2014-01-01

    The key theme of this Bachelor thesis is to waste management in the Czech Republic. First, the basic concepts are defined and valid legislation, summarized the issue of waste management in the Czech Republic, including waste management and its different activities. It is also characterized by the Ústí region, including waste management and waste management plan. In the practical part are evaluated by interview investigation oriented to two important companies of the Ústí region engaged in the...

  10. Renewable energy support in Republic of Macedonia

    OpenAIRE

    Minovski, Dragan; Sarac, Vasilija; Bozinovski, Goran

    2013-01-01

    Republic of Macedonia is, highly dependent on energy commodities import. Apart the whole consumption of natural gas and oil, 30% from the total annual consumption of electrical energy is from import. In order to increase electrical energy production from RES Government of the Republic of Macedonia, together with Energy Regulatory Commission and Energy Agency brought new Energy Law and new regulations for renewable energy sources. For the different type of renewable energy source is determinat...

  11. Agritourism business in the Czech Republic

    OpenAIRE

    Marie Pourová

    1999-01-01

    The article deals with possibilities and problems of agritourism development in the Czech Republic from the viewpoint of local authorities. The survey indicates that agritourism is at the beginning of its development in the Czech Republic and is accompanied with difficulties. The interest in agritourism development is identified in North-Moravian region, where the unemployment rate is the highest, then in South-Bohemian, South-Mora via n and East-Bohemian regions. Conditions tor agritourism a...

  12. Export policy of the Czech Republic

    OpenAIRE

    Tomišková, Dominika

    2009-01-01

    This thesis focuses on the export policy of the Czech Republic. It describes the Export strategy of the Czech Republic for 2012--2020 and covers a number of institutions that currently support Czech exporters. The thesis includes a review of the export policy of Slovakia and its comparison with the current Czech export policy. In conclusion, pros and cons of the Czech export policy are highlighted. There are also suggestions to improve the Czech export support in the future.

  13. Protecting and Enlarging the Digital Republic

    OpenAIRE

    David Bollier

    2009-01-01

    The Internet and various digital technologies are enabling the rise of the "Digital Republic," a new trans-national global culture that is based on principles of openness, participation, and decentralised control. A sprawling federation of digital tribes, from hackers and Wikipedians to artists using Creative Commons licenses and academics managing their own open-access journals, is creating their own "sharing economy" based on self-organized virtual commons. If the Digital Republic is going ...

  14. Private banking in the Czech Republic

    OpenAIRE

    Palička, Ondřej

    2014-01-01

    The main goal of this thesis is to compare private banking of two selected institutions in the Czech Republic from the perspective of client segmentation, investment products, client approach, private bankers and premium services. Bibliographic research summerizes history of private banking in the Czech Republic and in the world and gives an overview of the main differences between retail banking and private banking. Alongside defines client segmentation in private banking, describes a pri...

  15. Thermal evolution of inverted basins: Constraints from apatite fission track thermochronology in the Cuyo Basin, Argentine Precordillera

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Apatite fission track thermochronology (AFTT) was applied to derive the thermal history of formation and inversion of the oil-bearing Triassic-Cretaceous Cuyo Basin, Argentine Precordillera. The obtained central fission track ages range from 13 to 163Ma, and the mean track lengths from 8.2 to 13.1μm. Based on the integration of AFTT, stratigraphic and structural data, five evolutionary phases are here proposed for the studied area: I-Late Permian cooling related to the extrusion of basement volcanics, and initial extensional regime responsible for the Cuyo Basin formation, II-Triassic-Jurassic heating linked with the filling, and consequent burial, of the Cuyo Basin, III-Jurassic-Paleogene tectonic stabilization, IV-Early Miocene heating related to the load of foreland sedimentation, V-Late Miocene rapid cooling related to the Cuyo Basin inversion. During the Late Miocene, rock units formed in different crustal levels were juxtaposed through thrust, reverse and normal faulting, resulting in contrasting old and very young central fission track ages in closely spaced samples

  16. Les corps disparus. La fictionnalisation de la guerre sale dans l’Argentine de la dictature militaire (1976-1983

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jordi Bonells

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available À travers l’analyse de certains romans en langue espagnole sur la dictature militaire en Argentine (1976-1983, l’auteur aborde la question de la disparition comme réalité historique et comme thème littéraire à travers une double approche : analyser l’intentionnalité qui porte ces récits sur le « Proceso » ; rendre compte des mécanismes qui régissent ce que l’on peut appeler la « mise en dictature du roman ».A través del análisis de algunas novelas en lengua española sobre la dictadura militar en Argentina (1976-1983, el autor aborda la cuestión de la desaparición como realidad histórica y como tema literario a partir de un doble enfoque: analizar la intencionalidad subyacente de dichos relatos sobre el Proceso; dar cuenta de los mecanismos que regulan lo que podemos denominar «la novela en dictadura».

  17. The Usefulness of Edible and Medicinal Fabaceae in Argentine and Chilean Patagonia: Environmental Availability and Other Sources of Supply

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Soledad Molares

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Fabaceae is of great ethnobotanical importance in indigenous and urban communities throughout the world. This work presents a revision of the use of Fabaceae as a food and/or medicinal resource in Argentine-Chilean Patagonia. It is based on a bibliographical analysis of 27 ethnobotanical sources and catalogues of regional flora. Approximately 234 wild species grow in Patagonia, mainly (60% in arid environments, whilst the remainder belong to Sub-Antarctic forest. It was found that 12.8% (30 species, mainly woody, conspicuous plants, are collected for food or medicines. Most of the species used grow in arid environments. Cultivation and purchase/barter enrich the Fabaceae offer, bringing it up to a total of 63 species. The richness of native and exotic species, and the existence of multiple strategies for obtaining these plants, indicates hybridization of knowledge and practices. Only 22% of the total species used are mentioned in bothcontexts of food and medicine, reflecting low-use complementation. This study suggests a significant ecological appearance and a high level of availability in shops and exchange networks in Patagonia, highlighting the need to consider the full set of environmental and socioeconomic factors in research related to the use and cultural importance of plants in regional contexts.

  18. Situation Report--Barbados, Finland, German Democratic Republic, Italy, Lesotho, Luxembourg, Malagasy Republic (Madagascar), Malaysia (West), Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Singapore, Sweden, Syrian Arab Republic, and Yugoslavia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    International Planned Parenthood Federation, London (England).

    Data relating to population and family planning in 15 foreign countries are presented in these situation reports. Countries included are Barbados, Finland, German Democratic Republic, Italy, Lesotho, Luxembourg, Malagasy Republic, Malaysia (West), Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Singapore, Sweden, Syrian Arab Republic, and Yogoslavia. Information…

  19. Biological patterns of the Argentine shortfin squid Illex argentinus in the slope trawl fishery off Brazil Patrones biológicos del calamar argentino Illex argentinus en la pesquería de arrastre en el talud continental de Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Angel Alvarez Perez

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Commercial exploitation of the Argentine shortfin squid (Illex argentinus was virtually non-existent in Brazilian waters until 2000 when foreign trawlers initiated their operations on slope grounds as part of a government-induced chartering program. Since then, the species has been included among the targets of a developing slope trawl fishing off southeastern and southern Brazil. Biological samples were collected from commercial catches of 25 national and seven foreign (chartered trawlers between 23°-33°S and 170-740 m depth. These samples represent two periods of the commercial exploitation of Illex argentinus in Brazil: 2001-2003, when both chartered and national trawlers operated simultaneously, and 2006-2007, when only national vessels continued to exploit I. argentinus along with other slope stocks. Catches contained immature and ma-turing squid throughout the year, as well as at least two distinct, fully mature, spawning groups: one composed of small-sized males and females present year-round on the shelf-break/ upper slope (La explotación comercial del calamar argentino (Illex argentinus no existía en aguas brasilenas hasta el año 2000, cuando buques extranjeros iniciaron sus operaciones en el talud como parte de un programa gubernamental de arrendamiento. Desde entonces la especie forma parte de un conjunto de recursos que han motivado el desarrollo de una pesquería de arrastre en el talud del sur y sureste de Brasil. Se colectaron muestras biológicas de las capturas comerciales de 25 buques arrastreros nacionales y siete extranjeros entre los paralelos 23°-33°S y en profundidades de 170 a 740 m. Estas muestras representaron dos periodos de la explotación comercial de I. argentinus en Brasil: 2001-2003, cuando buques nacionales y extranjeros operaron simultáneamente, y 2006-2007 cuando sólo buques nacionales permanecieron explotando el calamar argentino en conjunto con otros recursos del talud. Las capturas estuvieron

  20. Desarrollo sostenible: enfoques desde las ciencias económicas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Andrés Vergara Tamayo

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available El concepto de desarrollo sostenible ha sido objeto de gran discusión y controversia durante décadas, de cuestionamientos y debates teórico–prácticos en el ámbito disciplinar económico. Las teorías que soportan esta diversidad conceptual permiten identificar en el tiempo no solo la construcción del concepto, sino también la transformación que este sufre, ya sea por parte de enfoques disciplinares o también multidisciplinares, como una diversidad de posturas frente a la evolución del mismo. A partir de allí surge la necesidad de relacionar algunos elementos clave, así como los diferentes puntos del desarrollo sostenible, dadas las condiciones que dieron origen a este desde la economía como ciencia social.

  1. Republic of Korea: Ingestion study

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The samples of one day total diet of an adult Korean, based on the food intake data survey of 108 healthy subjects in the age range 20-50 a were prepared in typical Korean style for the intake study. The sampling was based on market basket concept. In all, five samples of total cooked diet were prepared. The samples were thoroughly mixed in a mixer blender fitted with Titanium coated blade and 20% of it was drawn from the lot for freeze drying. The analytical methods used for Cs, U, Th, Sr, I were a combination of INAA, RNAA as well as ICP-MS. For the determination of Ca, Cs, K, Sr and Zn, INAA/ICP-MS were employed and the rest of elements were analysed using both RNAA and ICPMS. Four most commonly consumed foodstuffs in the Republic of Korea, namely Kimchi, fish, pork and beef combination were also analysed to determine their contribution to the daily elemental intakes. However, the four commonly consumed foodstuffs from Korea did not represent the total intake in terms of the major or micronutrients. The data inputs from these food materials were therefore not considered for the Asian diet. They however represent important sources of trace element intakes in Korean diet and this information will be included in another technical document to be prepared at the IAEA with compilation of final country reports on the CRP from all the participating countries

  2. The People's Republic of China

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Concern about the proliferation of nuclear weapons has undergone a perceptible shift in focus. As the contributions to this book attest, we are placing more emphasis on the multiplication of sources for weapons-related materials and technology, the growth of sophisticated industrial and engineering capabilities in threshold states, and the condition of latent---or potential---proliferation they can create. A cardinal feature of this picture is the role played by new suppliers in the nuclear marketplace who offer a variety of materials, equipment, and services that cover an impressive span of the fuel cycle. Most prominent among them is the People's Republic of China. China is in the forefront of our attention for several notable reasons. It is, for one thing, a weapons state possessing a significant nuclear force comprising hundreds of warheads and a formidable array of delivery systems (including ballistic missiles and nuclear submarines). The size and composition of its forces bespeaks a sophisticated set of resource, engineering, and manufacturing capabilities covering uranium processing and enrichment, heavy water, fuel fabrication, warhead design, plutonium reprocessing, and nuclear waste management. This formidable military program, dating back to the 1950s, has endowed the PRC with extensive experience in nearly all facets of nuclear operations and management

  3. Algunas reflexiones desde la acuarela de Mario Conde

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pamela Romano

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available This brief reflection on the work of Mario Conde starts paying attention to the special relationship the artist has with the watercolor technique, deploying from that relationship a copy-based ethics. From that materiality Conde builds his response to the postmodern moment in which art in general, and particularly Bolivian art, is been developed given its current social conditions. The ethics of the copy is explored especially in two of his works: "Exterminator Angel" where  copying addresses colonial issues that return to question and challenge the very notion of homeland, and "Drunk with power (Géricault in Los Andes" where the copy,  adapted to Andean latitudes, exudes a desire to restore the sacred and  auratic character of artwork as well as of the Andean imagery.Esta breve reflexión sobre la obra de Mario Conde se inicia poniendo atención en la relación particular que tiene el pintor con la técnica de la acuarela, desplegando desde esa relación una ética basada en la copia. Desde esa materialidad Conde concretiza su respuesta al momento posmoderno en que se desarrolla el arte en general, y el boliviano en particular dadas sus condiciones sociales actuales. La ética de la copia es explorada especialmente en dos de sus obras: “Ángel exterminador” donde la copia aborda temáticas coloniales que retornan para poner en cuestión y entredicho la noción de patria, y “Ebrios de poder (Géricault en Los Andes” donde la copia adaptada a latitudes andinas destila un deseo de restablecer el carácter sagrado y aurático de la obra de arte como del imaginario andino.

  4. Sawing Capacities in the Czech Republic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Petr Pražan

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available The author recapitulates the development of the sawmilling in the Czech Republic after the World War II, and describes the major investments in the nineties of the past century and since 2000 until today. The paper shows the main timber-processing plants bordering with the surrounding countries, which fundamentally affect the exports of the logs from the Czech Republic. In the next part the author presents the summary of roundwood cutting in the period 1991 to 2009, and describes the creation of the database of the important sawmill plants in the Czech Republic. These plants are then divided into 7 groups according to the size, and their list is available in Table 2. Subsequently the paper provides a general division of the sawmill plants into individual groups according to the used technology. Then the author compares the sawmill sawing of more than 50,000 m3 of logs per year in the Czech Republic, Switzerland, Germany and Austria. The conclusion of the paper deals with the potential future development of the sawmill capacities in the Czech Republic and with the level of their expected concentration.

  5. Race and nation in the Dominican Republic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michiel Baud

    2002-07-01

    Full Text Available [First paragraph] Coloring the Nation: Race and Ethnicity in the Dominican Republic. DAVID HOWARD. Oxford: Signal; Boulder: Lynne Rienner, 2001. x + 227 pp. (Paper US$ 19.95 Race and Politics in the Dominican Republic. ERNESTO SAGAS. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 2000. xii + 161 pp. (Cloth US$ 49.95, Paper US$ 24.95 Peasants and Religion: A Socioeconomic Study of Dios Olivorio and the Palma Sola Movement in the Dominican Republic. JAN LUNDIUS & MATS LUNDAHL. London: Routledge, 2000. xxvi + 774 pp. (Cloth US$ 135.00 The social and political relations between the Dominican Republic and Haiti, and especially their racial and ethnic contents, are extremely difficult to approach in an even- handed and unbiased way. Much ink has been spilled over the conflictive relations between these two countries, and on race relations in the Dominican Republic. Much of what has been said must be considered unfounded or biased, not to mention sensationalist. The books under review try to pro vide new insights into the issue and at the same time to steer clear of these problems.

  6. Cincuentenario de la Asociación Argentina de Dermatología: (1907-1957 Fiftieth anniversary of the Argentine Association of Dermatology: (1907-1957

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. L. Iribas

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available Transcurrimos en el año del Centenario de la Asociación Argentina de Dermatología, con la intención de comprender cabalmente ese momento. Hallamos en su historia hechos trascendentes, que nos muestran el camino recorrido y nos orientan hacia la concreción de objetivos, en pro del engrandecimiento de la entidad como tal. La revisión del Cincuentenario Institucional, a través de la lectura del acto oficial y evento científico, que se acompañó con la presencia de un número importante de médicos, representativo de la Medicina y Dermatología Argentina, nos nutre de información, estimula a la revisión histórica e invita a trabajar por la vigencia y consolidación del patrimonio cultural-educativo de nuestro país con proyección internacional, que concentra la Asociación Argentina de Dermatología.We go through the year of the Anniversary of the Argentine Association of Dermatology with the intention of fully understanding this moment. Therefore, we have looked for important facts in its history, which show us the distance covered and guide us through the realization of goals, which exalt the institution as such. Through the reading of the first official ceremony and the scientific event which accompanied it -which was full of several important physicians representing Argentine foreign Medicine and Dermatology-, the review of the Fiftieth Institutional Anniversary nurtures us with information and stimulates us to work for the validity and consolidation of the educational and cultural heritage of our country that constitutes the Argentine Association of Dermatology.

  7. Sawmilling in the Czech Republic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jan Bomba

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available This article deals with the development of sawmilling over the area of the Czech Republic from the invention of the waterwheel drive until the present day. This survey is based on the writings of various Czech authors who were engaged, or still are, in this subject. The two most common types of machines in water-driven sawmills were both used at that time: the single-blade vertical frame saw and, less often, the horizontal saw. The development of the steam engine drive can be traced to the second half of the 19th century, while electric power generation with a dynamo was first introduced to some mills at the turn of the 20th century. During the 19th century, a new sawing machine was developed: a multi-blade frame saw with all-metal construction. As it turned out, this type of machine dominated the entire 20th century. In the year 1918, an independent Czechoslovakia was established, and sawmilling, just like other branches of industry, thrived in the new environment. Alas, the favorable conditions for development were impaired by World War II, and soon after that by nationalization and an imposed, centrally-planned economy. In the period 1945 – 1948, during overall nationalization, most sawmills were either closed or converted to other operations. The timber industry was not classified as an important sector and was therefore one to be reduced. Compared with the number of sawmill units in 1925, there was a sharp drop of 80% in the early 1950s, and as much as 90% in 1986. Nevertheless, the velvet revolution in 1989 restored freedom of enterprise and Czechoslovakian traditions. Wood processing experienced an outstanding revival and restructuring of the entire industry.

  8. Decision theories used in planning of areas around La Colacha basin in Córdoba (Argentine) considering natural and human hazards

    OpenAIRE

    Antón Corrales, José Manuel; Grau Olive, Juan Bautista; Tarquis Alfonso, Ana Maria; Cisneros, J M; Andina de la Fuente, Diego

    2010-01-01

    The authors of U.P.M. have had relations with Argentine Universities and Administrations, in part with J.M.Cisneros that is Professor at Universidad Nacional de Rio Cuarto in Prov. de Córdoba Arg., and have applied Decision Theories with Mathematic tools for the planning of defences and uses of soils in these areas and especially of La Colacha bassin enlarged with larger areas around it as “Cuenca de los Arroyos Menores” at West and South of Rio Cuarto. These large flat lands have loess soils ...

  9. Preservation of primary information related to radiological protection and nuclear safety in the Argentine Nuclear Regulatory Authority

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The preservation of primary information related to Radiological Protection and Nuclear Safety in the Argentine Nuclear Regulatory Authority began as a need of and as significant contribution to the future activities of the institution. Since 2005 a high number of experts have retired from the organization and will continue to do so until 2010. Besides, the primary information that experts possess is technical information produced at the beginning of Argentina's regulatory activity in the 50 's. If this information on account of its relevance - could not be preserved properly or be made available to the future generation of scientists and technicians, such an issue could have a negative impact on the efficiency and effectiveness of the institution in the future. The methodology selected for the project comprises several stages. Overall, the first stage consists in identifying primary information and expert's explicit knowledge through interviews and personal consultations. The second stage consists in converting to digital format the documentation that experts have traditionally kept in paper format. The third stage deals with transferring to a new database the already digitalized information from the computers of experts who are about to retire. The final stage is based on managing this information by creating knowledge maps and socio-grams, experts personal Web sites and a database with a mega browser to make information readily accessible. During the early months of the project, 190 pages have on average been converted to digital format on a daily basis, the equivalent of around 8 MB of information. The men/hours employed for this task has been around 40 minutes per day. As time went by, the method turned more efficient and as a result, some 400 pages were converted to digital format on a daily basis, accounting for 16 MB of information. The men/hours employed for this task has been around 60 minutes per day. Up until mid 2008, more than 1,000 documents have been

  10. From biophysical to social-ecological trade-offs: integrating biodiversity conservation and agricultural production in the Argentine Dry Chaco

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matias E. Mastrangelo

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Agricultural intensification in rural areas of developing countries compromises the provision of ecosystem services. Social conflict arises among landholders with different preferences for ecosystem services and land-use practices in agricultural frontiers of the Argentine Dry Chaco. We explored policy and management options by assessing the actual and potential outcomes of alternative land-use systems and scenarios. We first constructed the efficiency frontier for avian habitat and agricultural productivity to analyze the combinations of ecosystem services that can be achieved under different land-use intensities. A nonlinear, concave efficiency frontier indicated opportunities to achieve large gains for production with small losses for conservation, for instance, by transitioning from low- to intermediate-intensity systems. Second, we projected production and conservation outcomes, which can be achieved through the implementation of five alternative policy options. The land sharing with conservation scenario, 70% of the landscape covered by intermediate-intensity systems and 30% by undisturbed forests, yielded the higher combination of avian habitat and agricultural productivity. Third, we constructed indifference curves of three landholder groups, i.e., preproductivist, multifunctional, and productivist, by assessing their intentions (proxies for preferences to conserve and convert remnant forests in their landholdings. Multifunctional landholders showed balanced preferences for conserving and converting forests in their landholdings, and maintaining intermediate-intensity systems. A general willingness to conserve forests coexisted in preproductivist landholders with the intention to clear some portions of the landholding and intensify landuse, indicating the potential of an endogenously motivated transition toward a multifunctional regime. Such transition may increase their productivity by 35-65% without compromising avian habitat

  11. Selection and characterization of Argentine isolates of Trichoderma harzianum for effective biocontrol of Septoria leaf blotch of wheat.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stocco, Marina C; Mónaco, Cecilia I; Abramoff, Cecilia; Lampugnani, Gladys; Salerno, Graciela; Kripelz, Natalia; Cordo, Cristina A; Consolo, Verónica F

    2016-03-01

    Species of the genus Trichoderma are economically important as biocontrol agents, serving as a potential alternative to chemical control. The applicability of Trichoderma isolates to different ecozones will depend on the behavior of the strains selected from each zone. The present study was undertaken to isolate biocontrol populations of Trichoderma spp. from the Argentine wheat regions and to select and characterize the best strains of Trichoderma harzianum by means of molecular techniques. A total of 84 out of the 240 strains of Trichoderma were able to reduce the disease severity of the leaf blotch of wheat. Thirty-seven strains were selected for the reduction equal to or greater than 50 % of the severity, compared with the control. The percentage values of reduction of the pycnidial coverage ranged between 45 and 80 %. The same last strains were confirmed as T. harzianum by polymerase chain reaction amplification of internal transcribed spacers, followed by sequencing. Inter-simple sequence repeat was used to examine the genetic variability among isolates. This resulted in a total of 132 bands. Further numerical analysis revealed 19 haplotypes, grouped in three clusters (I, II, III). Shared strains, with different geographical origins and isolated in different years, were observed within each cluster. The origin of the isolates and the genetic group were partially related. All isolates from Paraná were in cluster I, all isolates from Lobería were in cluster II, and all isolates from Pergamino and Santa Fe were in cluster III. Our results suggest that the 37 native strains of T. harzianum are important in biocontrol programs and could be advantageous for the preparation of biopesticides adapted to the agroecological conditions of wheat culture. PMID:26873560

  12. Consumo de álcool e violência entre adolescentes argentinos Alcohol consumption and violence among Argentine adolescents

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariaelena Pierobon

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Este estudo investigou a associação entre álcool e violência na população de jovens argentinos. MÉTODOS: Dados da Global School-based Student Health Survey (GSHS de 2007, uma pesquisa representativa em termos nacionais com alunos do ensino médio, foram examinados utilizando-se modelos de regressão logística ajustados por idade. RESULTADOS: Dos 1328 alunos participantes entre 13 e 15 anos de idade, 51,9% declararam ter consumido álcool no último mês, com taxas mais elevadas entre meninos (p = 0,04 e alunos mais velhos (p OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the association between alcohol and violence among Argentine youth. METHODS: Data from the 2007 Argentina Global School-based Student Health Survey (GSHS, a nationally representative survey of middle school students, were examined using age-adjusted logistic regression models. RESULTS: Of the 1,328 participating students aged 13 to 15 years old, 51.9% reported drinking alcohol in the previous month, with higher rates among males (p = 0.04 and older students (p < 0.01. Both male and female drinkers were nearly twice as likely as non-drinkers to report being physically attacked, being in a physical fight, and having thoughts about self-directed violence. Among drinkers, those who reported poor mental health, were victims of bullying, used tobacco or drugs, or skipped school without permission were approximately twice as likely as other drinkers to have engaged in violent activities. CONCLUSION: Public health interventions targeting violence among young adolescents should be developed in combination with alcohol education programs.

  13. Faulting and erosion in the Argentine Precordillera during changes in subduction regime: Reconciling bedrock cooling and detrital records

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fosdick, Julie C.; Carrapa, Barbara; Ortíz, Gustavo

    2015-12-01

    The Argentine Precordillera is an archetypal retroarc fold-and-thrust belt that records tectonics associated with changing subduction regimes. The interactions between exhumation and faulting in the Precordillera were investigated using apatite and zircon (U-Th-Sm)/He and apatite fission track thermochronometry from the Precordillera and adjacent geologic domains. Inverse modeling of thermal histories constrains eastward in-sequence rock cooling associated with deformation and erosion from 18 to 2 Ma across the Central Precordillera tracking thrusting during this time. The youngest AHe ages (5-2 Ma) and highest erosion rates are located in the eastern and western extremities of the Precordillera and indicate that recent denudation is concentrated at its structural boundaries. Moreover, synchronous rapid Pliocene cooling of the Frontal Cordillera, Eastern Precordillera, and Sierra del Valle Fértil was coeval with initiation of basement-involved faulting in the foreland. Detrital zircon U-Pb geochronology from the ca. 16-8.1 Ma Bermejo foreland basin strata suggests fluvial connectivity westward beyond the Frontal Cordillera to the Main Cordillera and Coast Range followed by an important shift in sediment provenance at ca. 10 Ma. At this time, we suggest that a substantial decrease in Permo-Triassic igneous sources in the Frontal Cordillera and concurrent increase in recycled zircons signatures of Paleozoic strata are best explained by uplift and erosion of the Precordillera during widening of the thrust-belt. Bedrock thermochronology and modeling indicate a 2-6 Myr lag time between faulting-related cooling in the hinterland and the detrital record of deformation in the foreland basin, suggesting that for tectonically active semi-arid settings, bedrock cooling may be more sensitive to onset of faulting. We suggest that high erosion rates in the Frontal Cordillera and Eastern Precordillera are associated with increased interplate coupling during shallowing of the

  14. Invasive breast cancer in Argentine women: association between risk and prognostic factors with antigens of a peptidic and carbohydrate nature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Croce MV

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Sandra O Demichelis, Marina T Isla-Larrain, Luciano Cermignani, Cecilio G Alberdi, Amada Segal-Eiras, María Virginia CroceCentre of Basic and Applied Immunological Research, Faculty of Medical Sciences, National University of La Plata, La Plata, ArgentinaObjective: In breast cancer, several tumor markers have been identified. The marker most extensively associated with breast cancer is MUC1. The objective of the study was to analyze prognostic and risk factors in relation to tumor markers in order to clarify breast cancer biology. A total of 349 primary tumor samples and lymph nodes from breast cancer patients were studied. Risk and prognostic factors were considered. An immunohistochemical approach was applied and an extensive statistical analysis was performed, including frequency analysis and analysis of variance. Correlation among variables was performed with principal component analysis.Results: All the antigens showed an increased expression according to tumor size increment; moreover, sialyl Lewis x expression showed a significant increase in relation to disease stage, whereas Tn and TF presented a positive tendency. Vascular invasion was related to sialyl Lewis x expression and number of metastatic lymph nodes. Taking into account risk factors, when a patient had at least one child, Lewis antigens diminished their expression. In relation to breastfeeding, sialyl Lewis x expression diminished, although its apical expression increased.Conclusion: Associations between MUC1 and carbohydrate antigens and risk and prognostic factors show the complexity of the cellular biological behavior that these antigens modulate in breast cancer.Keywords: breast cancer, Argentine women, risk factors, prognostic factors, antigenic expression

  15. Interactive effects of large- and small-scale sources of feral honey-bees for sunflower in the Argentine Pampas.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agustín Sáez

    Full Text Available Pollinators for animal pollinated crops can be provided by natural and semi-natural habitats, ranging from large vegetation remnants to small areas of non-crop land in an otherwise highly modified landscape. It is unknown, however, how different small- and large-scale habitat patches interact as pollinator sources. In the intensively managed Argentine Pampas, we studied the additive and interactive effects of large expanses (up to 2200 ha of natural habitat, represented by untilled isolated "sierras", and narrow (3-7 m wide strips of semi-natural habitat, represented by field margins, as pollinator sources for sunflower (Helianthus annus. We estimated visitation rates by feral honey-bees, Apis mellifera, and native flower visitors (as a group at 1, 5, 25, 50 and 100 m from a field margin in 17 sunflower fields 0-10 km distant from the nearest sierra. Honey-bees dominated the pollinator assemblage accounting for >90% of all visits to sunflower inflorescences. Honey-bee visitation was strongly affected by proximity to the sierras decreasing by about 70% in the most isolated fields. There was also a decline in honey-bee visitation with distance from the field margin, which was apparent with increasing field isolation, but undetected in fields nearby large expanses of natural habitat. The probability of observing a native visitor decreased with isolation from the sierras, but in other respects visitation by flower visitors other than honey-bees was mostly unaffected by the habitat factors assessed in this study. Overall, we found strong hierarchical and interactive effects between the study large and small-scale pollinator sources. These results emphasize the importance of preserving natural habitats and managing actively field verges in the absence of large remnants of natural habitat for improving pollinator services.

  16. Development of low-level environmental sampling capabilities for uranium at Brazilian and Argentine laboratories by ABACC

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Brazilian-Argentine Agency for Accounting and Control of Nuclear Materials (ABACC) with assistance from the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) began a program to evaluate environmental sampling capabilities at laboratories in Argentina and Brazil in June 1998. The program included staff training conducted in South America and the United States. Several laboratory evaluation exercises were also conducted using standard swipe samples prepared by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and a National Institute of Standards and Technology Standard Reference Material 1547, Peach Leaves. The results of these exercises demonstrated that several laboratories were capable of accurately determining the total uranium and uranium isotopic distribution in the peach leaves. To build on these successes, another exercise using standard swipe samples prepared by the IAEA was conducted. A total of 8 sets of 15 swipe samples were prepared and distributed to the six ABACC support laboratories and to two of DOE's Network of Analytical Laboratories (NWAL) that support IAEA's environmental sampling program Throughout this project, the ABACC laboratories have shown steady progress in contamination control and improvements to the accuracy and precision of their measurements. The results of the latest exercises demonstrate that ABACC now has support laboratories in both Argentina and Brazil that have the capability to measure both the amount and isotopic composition of uranium at levels expected in typical environmental samples (i.e., sub-microgram quantities). This presentation will discuss the final results for the exercise with uranium swipe samples and discuss future activities to develop measurement capabilities for total and isotopic plutonium in environmental samples. (author)

  17. THE MAIN DIRECTION INCREASING LEVEL OF INTERNATIONAL ECONOMIC RELATIONS BETWEEN AZERBAIJAN REPUBLIC AND PEOPLE''S REPUBLIC OF CHINA

    OpenAIRE

    ABDULLAYEV KAMRAN

    2015-01-01

    The article dedicated increasing level of international economic relations between Azerbaijan Republic and People's Republic of China. In article realized analyze and gave estimation modern condition of economic collaboration between two countries.

  18. Variation in the proximate composition and fatty acid profile recovered from Argentine hake (Merluccius hubbsi waste from Patagonia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cretton, M.

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The fish processing operations in Patagonia produce large amounts of waste. The main fishery resource in Argentina is the Argentine hake (Merluccius hubbsi. The ports of the province of Chubut (the most important of which are Puerto Madryn, Rawson and Comodoro Rivadavia, together with Caleta Paula Port (province of Santa Cruz, in the Argentine Patagonia, capture more than 82,000 tons of hake annualy, 80% of which are of M. hubbsi, which is mostly converted into fillets. From this capture, about 2,296 tons of liver would be available for the extraction of oil. To promote the recovery and industrial use of fish oil, in the present study, we determined the variation in the proximate composition and fatty acid profile of Argentine hake waste from the ports mentioned above at different catch times. Proximate composition was determined according of the Official Methods of Analysis (AOAC. Fatty acid profile was analyzed by gas chromatography of the fatty acid methyl esters (FAMEs. A standard mixture of FAMEs was run under identical conditions to identify the compounds on the basis of their retention times. Fatty acids were quantified using heptadecanoic acid (C17:0 as internal standard. The highest lipid recovery (27.0 to 41.8% of total lipids was obtained from the liver fraction. Palmitic acid (C16:0, oleic acid (18:1 n9, docosahexaenoic acid (22:6 n3, eicosapentaenoic acid (20:5 n3 and palmitoleic acid (16:1 were the main constituents. Protein levels in viscera without livers (V-L were higher than those in the liver. The extraction of marine fish oil and the production of fish offal meal from waste from fish factories would contribute to the sustainability of the regional industry, because it would also decrease the volume of waste, with benefits to the environment.El procesamiento de pescados en Patagonia produce gran cantidad de residuos. El recurso de pesca más importante en la Argentina es la merluza argentina (Merluccius hubbsi. En Patagonia

  19. La Silvicultura: Desde sus Origenes hasta el Siglo XIX

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Del Valle A Jorge Ignacio

    1997-06-01

    Full Text Available Para este ensayo se empleó información secundaria publicado en revistas y libros que documentan el origen de la actividad silvícuola, coincidiendo y aun antecediendo al desarrollo de la agricultura. Luego se centra en la transformación de esta actividad en una ciencia, la silvicultura, o más propiamente, la dasonomía, la cual se consolidó desde mediados del siglo XVIII cuando se empezó a enseñar formalmente en Alemania y otros países germánicos y se crearon, además, servicios forestales como el de Prusia. De esta época datan los primeros conceptos teóricos del rendimiento sostenido de los bosques (G. L. Harting, H. von Cotta, aunque desde comienzos del siglo XIII ya existían bosques empíricamente ordenados con esta filosofía en el Centro de Europa. La sustentabilidad o sostenibilidad tan en boga hoy en la ecología y la economía, tiene allí su antecedente más remoto. También Francia jugó un papel preponderante en el desarrollo de la dasonomía, sobre todo por haber involucrado el manejo de las cuencas hidrográficas dentro de las ciencias forestales, en tanto que los aportes de los germanos fueron en economía y medición forestal. El origen de la profesión forestal parece situarse tanto en los guardabosques ingleses como en los maestros de aguas y bosques franceses, de principios de los siglos XII y XIII, respectivamente. Durante el periodo analizado las ciencias forestales evidenciaron relaciones estrechas con las ciencias agropecuarias con las cuales parece haberse asociado sólo durante el presente siglo por razones coyunturales. El siglo XIX vio nacer la silvicultura tropical en la India; los primeros profesores e investigadores fueron alemanes contratados por la corona inglesa. También en América fueron forestales alemanes quienes fundaron en Estados Unidos de América la primera escuela forestal y contribuyeron a crear el Servicio Forestal de dicho país.

  20. The case of the Czech Republic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2004-04-01

    Full Text Available Since the collapse of the socialist system at the beginning of the 1990s, the health situation in the Czech Republic has improved more rapidly than in other CEE countries. Mortality from circulatory diseases decreased significantly at higher ages. The recent decline in mortality is likely to be attributable to technical progress in medical treatment and less affected by the change in lifestyle. While the use of cardiovascular drugs and the number of operations of invasive heart-surgery considerably improved, smoking and alcohol consumption have somewhat augmented at the same time. The recent favourable turnover has currently brought the Czech Republic a little closer to the European average.

  1. ICT AND AGRITOURISM IN CZECH REPUBLIC

    OpenAIRE

    Havlicek, Zdenek; Lohr, Vaclav; Benda, Petr

    2009-01-01

    Tourism is regarded as the world’s future. Agritourism is a unique symbiosis of agriculture and tourism. Based on extensive analysis of the state agritourism in the Czech Republic, it was found that information on agritourism facilities is very diverse and disorderly, lacking a specialized portal for agro-tourism. Agritourism facilities in the Czech Republic is several thousand, but most of them have non-quality web sites, or none at all. It should be ensured that entrepreneurs in the agrit...

  2. Voces distantes, otras miradas examinan el círculo de hierro: política, emigración y exilio en la declinación Argentina Distant voices, different visions examine the iron circle: Politics, emigration and exile in the Argentine decline

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guillermo MIRA DELLI-ZOTTI

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Desde la década de 1950 los argentinos abandonan su país por razones económicas, políticas, familiares o culturales. Este artículo relaciona este fenómeno tan negativo para el desarrollo social con las prácticas y la cultura política dominantes en la Argentina de los últimos 50 años. E identifica la pérdida continua de capital humano como síntoma y componente de la miríada de causas que pueden explicar la declinación argentina y su profunda crisis actual.Since the 1950s, Argentines left their country for economic reasons, political, familiar and cultural. The article relates this very negative phenomenon in terms of social development, to the practices and dominant political culture in Argentina in the last 50 years. It also identifies the continuous loss of human capital as both a symptom and consequence of the myriad of causes which can explained the decline of Argentina and its current crisis.

  3. Homofobia: apreciaciones desde tres perspectivas psicológicas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Alonso Andrade-Salazar

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available La presente investigación busca aproximarse a las causas psicosociales de la homofobia a través de una investigación cualitativa, con base al paradigma comprensivo-hermenéutico abordada desde los principios epistemológicos de tres escuelas psicológicas: psicoanálisis, humanismo y conductual. En la región latinoamericana, la homofobia es un fenómeno concebido aún como tabú, diferentes víctimas de este tipo de discriminación han recibido por parte de los victimarios agresiones de diversa índole. Estos aspectos pueden explicarse por efectos del reforzamiento de conductas por parte de la familia, grupo de pares y diversas representaciones sociales en el plano biopsicosocial. En síntesis, la homofobia es una problemática real que a la fecha perturba la salud mental y física de personas homosexuales, al provenir de un sistema en donde la homogeneidad y la “normalidad” es lo prioritario y fundamental para encajar dentro de una sociedad.

  4. LA GRAMÁTICA DESDE 1973 HASTA 2010

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuel Marticorena Quintanilla

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available En el presente trabajo, hacemos una reseña de dieciocho textos de gramática difundidas en el Perú desde el año 1973. Iniciando con la publicación del Esbozo de una Nueva Gramática de la Lengua Española, que marca los cambios en los estudios gramaticales, pasando luego por textos excelentes como la Gramática Española de Juan Alcina Franch y José Manuel Blecua. En el Perú es un texto innovador la obra de Teodoro Ortiz Dueñas: Gramática Estructural. Ortografía. Composición, así como el de Luis Hernán Ramírez Introducción en la Gramática del Español Contemporáneo  (1984; y marca un claro hito en el estudio de la gramática estructural lindante con la generativa El Grupo Océano con su publicación la Enciclopedia Didáctica de Gramática (2002. Finalizamos con la Nueva Gramática de la lengua española (2010 de la Real Academia Española, integrada por dos tomos.

  5. Comprendiendo el community-based tourism desde la comunidad

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Esteban Ruiz

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available El creciente impulso del Community-based tourism (CBT como vía para un turismo sostenible y estrategia para el desarrollo social nos obliga a profundizar en su comprensión. En este artículo proponemos como táctica teórico-metodológica la focalización analítica en la comunidad. El referente empírico de la investigación es el turismo comunitario (TC en Ecuador, donde se han seleccionado cinco comunidades para llevar a cabo un estudio etnográfico en profundidad. Como conclusión planteamos un marco comprensivo del TC que tiene tres pilares básicos: la centralidad analítica de las comunidades, la consideración del TC como `traducción´ antes que como `adaptación´ al mercado, y el carácter fortalecedor —antes que debilitador— del TC para las comunidades. De aquí se derivan una serie de indicadores cualitativos que sirven para encarar, desde el punto de vista teórico, la comprensión general del CBT y asimismo son útiles para la evaluación de la sostenibilidad de proyectos y experiencias de CBT

  6. La salud mental desde la transdisciplinariedad y el modelo integral

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Domingo Flórez Moreno

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Se trata sobre la transdisciplinariedad, con el objetivo de analizar la temática y tener más elementos para el abordaje de la salud mental desde la integralidad en la psicología, teniendo como base el modelo integral de Ken Wilber. Para tal fin se realizó la búsqueda de información con base en seis ejes temáticos: salud mental, transdisciplinariedad, diferentes áreas de la salud mental y sus contribuciones, el modelo integral, nuevos paradigmas y la psicología integral. Se revisaron 89 artículos y 23 capítulos de libros publicados entre 2000 y 2010. Finalmente se reflexiona respecto a la identidad del sujeto en el nuevo paradigma, teniendo en cuenta al mediador,el cual interactúa entre la mente y la materia, la energía sutil y el cuerpo en la salud mental.

  7. El "régimen dual" en Israel desde 1967

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lev Grinberg

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo aborda el establecimiento del peculiar régimen de dominación dual de Israel desde 1967, argumentando que la estructura de este régimen convierte a las élites militares en un actor político crucial. El régimen dual se basa en la separación geográfi ca entre dos regímenes diferentes de control y legitimación. Argumentaré aquí que la guerra de 1967 fue un parteaguas histórico, ya que acarreó un desdibujamiento de las fronteras israelíes y la llegada de un régimen dual que legitima la división del poder político entre las élites militares y civiles que gobiernan Israel-Palestina. Mi objetivo es mostrar las contradicciones inherentes de este régimen dual de “ocupación democrática” y así arrojar luz sobre la dinámica de los espacios políticos de acuerdo a la población ocupada: su apertura, por reconocimiento y negociación, y su cancelación, por el uso de la violencia.

  8. ILUMINANDO A LOS AGLOMERADOS PRODUCTIVOS DESDE LA FILOSOFÍA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marsanasco, Ana María

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Durante las últimas décadas se ha observado en la Argentina el desarrollo de estructuras asociativas caracterizadas por la integración de actores empresariales y no empresariales. Como parte de este proceso, surgen los aglomerados productivos y, conjuntamente, un marco teórico que da respuesta a las especificidades y demandas de este tipo de organizaciones.Este corpus teórico, denominado enfoque tradicional, reúne modelos y teorías que establecen la formación y desarrollo de los aglomerados productivos en Argentina. Es decir, es el paradigma predominante desde el cual se ilumina a estas organizaciones.En este contexto, el presente trabajo expone los principios de la teoría elaborada a fin de comprender las representaciones que los actores empresariales de las Pequeñas y Medianas Empresas (PyMEs construyen acerca de la conformación y morfología del aglomerado productivo que integran, y su relación con la generación de innovaciones. Estos principios comprenden las perspectivas epistemológicas de Cornelius Castoriadis y Martin Heidegger.

  9. Cooperation of nuclear authority offices of Slovak Republic and the Czech Republic

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this presentation author deals with responsibilities of the Nuclear Regulatory Authority of the Slovak Republic (UJD). Laws and decrees of of the UJD as well as international agreements relevant in atomic energy control are reviewed.

  10. Democracia y partidos: el caso italiano desde una perspectiva comparativa Democracia y partidos: el caso italiano desde una perspectiva comparativa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oreste Massari

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available La democracia italiana –desde después de la segunda guerra mundial hasta hoy– ha estado marcada, para bien y para mal, por el papel dominante de los partidos políticos. La relación entre democracia y partidos políticos se analiza a nivel teórico, comparativo e histórico. Concretamente se analiza la difícil transición, que todavía hoy está en marcha, desde la democracia proporcional (1945-1992 caracterizada primero por los partidos de masas y más tarde por la partitocracia, hacia la democracia mayoritaria (1994-, caracterizada primero por el bipolarismo de coalición y más tarde por el intento de conformar partidos mayoritarios. La última parte del artículo se detiene en analizar críticamente el PDL (Popólo della Libertá, dominado por el populismo de Berlusconi y el PD (Partito Democrático, planteado inicialmente como partido del líder y por esa razón todavía en crisis.The Italian democracy –from the second post-war period to today– has been marked, in the good and in the evil, from the dominant role of the political parties. The relationship between Italian democracy and political parties is analyzed on the theoretical, comparative and historical ground. Particularly the difficult passage is examined, still in progress, from the proportional democracy (1945-1992, characterized by the mass parties before and the partitocracy then, to the majority democracy (1994-, characterized before by the coalition bipolarism and by the attempt to build majority parties in recent times. In the last part of the article the PDL (People of the Liberty, dominated by the populism of Berlusconi, and the PD (Democratic Party, initially planned as party of the leader and for this still in crisis, are critically examined.

  11. Comparison of land cadastre in the Republic of Slovenia and the Republic of Croatia

    OpenAIRE

    Vidaković, Goran

    2011-01-01

    This degree thesis discusses the comparison of the Slovene and the Croatian cadastres. The first part describes the historical development of cadastre after the World War II. At that time, Slovenia and Croatia were both part of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. Further on, the Land Cadastre in the Republic of Slovenia is described with the focus on administrative proceedings such as lot partitioning, boundary determination and entry of a building in the register of buildings, and ...

  12. Spatial patterns of copepod biodiversity in relation to a tidal front system in the main spawning and nursery area of the Argentine hake Merluccius hubbsi

    Science.gov (United States)

    Temperoni, B.; Viñas, M. D.; Martos, P.; Marrari, M.

    2014-11-01

    Copepods play an important role in marine ecosystems as a direct link of energy transfer between primary producers and higher trophic level consumers, such as fish. In the Argentine Sea, the Patagonian stock of Argentine hake Merluccius hubbsi spawns from late austral spring (December) to early autumn (April) in the northern Patagonian shelf region (43°-45°30‧S), in association with a highly productive tidal front system. Since hake larvae prey mainly upon copepods, the objective of this study was to assess the spatial variability in the abundance and diversity of these potential food items in different sectors of the front, as one of the possible factors affecting hake recruitment success. Two complementary mesh sizes (67 and 300 μm) were used to accurately target the entire copepod size spectrum. The copepod community was dominated by developmental stages relative to the stratified sector of the system. Such sector would provide the appropriate conditions to sustain M. hubbsi larval growth resulting from high availability of adequate prey, the suitable thermal ranges, and the existence of retention mechanisms.

  13. Argentine Radiation Protection Society Experience in RP education and training; Experiencia de la Sociedad Argentina de Radioproteccion en capacitacion en Proteccion Radiologica

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bomben, A. M.; Ciallella, N. R.; Thomasz, E.; Rudelli, M.; Gisone, P.; Ventura, M.; Gomez Parada, I.; Signoretta, C.

    2003-07-01

    Since its creation in 1967, the Argentine Radiation Protection Society (SAR) promotes all the radiation protection and nuclear safety aspects not only within the scientific, technical and academic areas, but also to general public. To fulfill this objective, SAR organised training and refresher courses, seminars and workshops on RP subjects. During 2002, SAR organised 7 basic and specialized courses regarding the uses of radioactive materials in industrial applications and the course on medical response in radiological accidents, that was attended by Argentine and other Latin American participants. The programmes of the courses are developed in compliance with the legal requirements and also considering specifics needs. In this paper, the characteristics of the courses are enunciated and basic statistics regarding courses and participants are presented. For the 2003 and 2004, SAR foresees the organisation of 18 courses per year and has the capacity to deliver other courses by request. all the courses are delivered in Spanish language. Based on this educational experience SAR consider a priority the inclusion, of a RP module in all the scientific graduate programmes to generate awareness on the importance of RP. Taking into account the migration of professionals to Europe and North America and the Globalization, SAR advocates the harmonization of RP syllabus to attain an international recognition. (Author)

  14. Towards Kurdish studies in the Czech Republic

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Kubálek, Petr

    Wien : Wiener Verlag für Sozialforschung, 2014, s. 193-234 ISBN 978-3-944690-32-2. - (Wiener Jahrbuch für Kurdische Studien. Österreichische Gesellschaft zur Förderung der Kurdologie, Europäisches Zentrum für Kurdische Studien) Institutional support: RVO:68378009 Keywords : Czech Republic * Czecoslovakia * Kurds Subject RIV: AB - History

  15. Kyrgyz Republic : Overview of Climate Change Activities

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank

    2013-01-01

    This overview of climate change activities in the Kyrgyz Republic is part of a series of country notes for five Central Asian countries that summarize climate portfolio in a number of sectors, namely agriculture, forestry, water, health, energy, and transport. Recognizing the nature and significance of climate change contribution to an increase in disaster risk, the note also looks into th...

  16. Health Financing in the Republic of Gabon

    OpenAIRE

    Saleh, Karima; Bernard F. Couttolenc; Barroy, Helene

    2014-01-01

    This is a review of the health financing situation in the Republic of Gabon. The book reviews the situation in the country under the lens of the principles of health financing: revenue mobilization for health, risk pooling, and purchasing services. The book also estimates the fiscal space in health that is, looking at options that can increase resources for health within a macroeconomic and ...

  17. COORDINATION CHEMISTRY IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

    OpenAIRE

    Ion Bulhac; Aurelian Gulea; Dumitru Batâr

    2009-01-01

    This article is dedicated to the history of apparition and development of Coordination chemistry in Moldova.The main scientific centres are characterized, as well as their main research directions. The most valuable results in fundamental and applicative research are described, obtained in the field of coordination chemistry in the republic.

  18. Plant biotechnology in the Czech Republic

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Špak, Josef

    Warszawa: Polska Akademia Nauk, 2005, s. 27-36. (Conference Proceedings and Monographs. Biotechnology. 5). [International Review Conference. Vienna, (AT), 14.11.2004-18.11.2004] Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z50510513 Keywords : plant biotechnology * Czech Republic Subject RIV: EI - Biotechnology ; Bionics

  19. Republic In Shakespeare's ' The Tempest ‘

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pradnyashailee Bhagwan Sawai

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The Tempest' is believed to have been written by Shakespeare late in the Year 1610 and is regarded as Shakespeare's last complete play. One of the pleasant characters of the piece is Gonzalo, the witty and loyal courtier. There is nothing heroic about him. He would not refuse to carry out the design against Prospero and Miranda which was entrusted to his execution, but made a compromise with his natural Kindness of heart by doing them a timely service and the same kindness is seen in his efforts to comfort Alonso. Forgiveness and freedom are the keynotes of the play and Gonzalo is an honest old counsellor who cherishes the dream of republic. His dream of Republic comprises of establishment of an ideal society. A society in which there would be no work to be done by anybody, and in which there would be no industry, no agriculture, no crime, no wealth and no poverty. Further in his Republic there would be no need for the use of swords or daggers or guns or any other weapons of war. All the men and women would be idle, and the women would be innocent and pure. There would be no sovereignty. Gonzalo's description of his ideal Republic is certainly absurd.

  20. COORDINATION CHEMISTRY IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ion Bulhac

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available This article is dedicated to the history of apparition and development of Coordination chemistry in Moldova.The main scientific centres are characterized, as well as their main research directions. The most valuable results in fundamental and applicative research are described, obtained in the field of coordination chemistry in the republic.

  1. The Republic of Uzbekistan : Accounting and Auditing

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank

    2008-01-01

    This report describes the results of an assessment of the accounting, financial reporting and auditing requirements and practices of the Republic of Uzbekistan's enterprise and financial sectors. The report uses, inter alia, International Accounting Standards (IAS), International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS), and International Standards on Auditing (ISA) as benchmarks, and draws on...

  2. Radiation monitoring network of the Czech Republic

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Radiation Monitoring Network of the Czech Republic (RMN) was established after the Chernobyl accident. It consists of technical centers, laboratories and monitoring groups of State Office for Nuclear Safety, National Radiation Protection Institute, nuclear power plants, hydrometeorological service, army and Civil Defense, research institutes and other institutions. The structure of RMN, its basic components and responsible institutions are described. (author)

  3. Kyrgyz Republic : Country Financial Accountability Assessment

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank

    2004-01-01

    This report has identified the following major issues in the public sector financial accountability of the Kyrgyz Republic: 1) weak internal controls in several areas such as treasury, budget implementation, procurement, human resources, accounting and reporting as evidenced by large amounts o f illegal unintended expenditures, embezzlements and other financial offences reported by the ext...

  4. Destructive winds in the Czech Republic

    Science.gov (United States)

    Honsova, D.

    2009-09-01

    Strong destructive winds in central Europe occurs as a consequence of high pressure gradient, crossing fronts or summer thunderstorms. Contribution summarize three recent destructive wind storms Kyrril, Emma and Johanna that affected the Czech Republic in last three years. All of them were caused by high pressure gradient between low in north and high in south of Europe. Some other historical events in the Czech Republic (Sumava Mts. In 1870) and in Slovakia (1965, Tatry 2004) are also introduced. Evaluation of number of days with wind gust (equal or higher than 60 km per hour, 17 m/s respectively) for period of 1980 to 2004 was done for selected stations in the Czech Republic. Results proved increase of wind gust days in lowlands 250 - 450 a.s.l. with significance on 95 %. Subjectively also the stress on meteorologist - forecaster from media has increased after Kyrril significantly both in demand on frequency and amount of information as well as in the timeliness of the media awareness. Keyworlds: destructive winds, wind gust, Czech Republic

  5. OECD Reviews of School Resources: Slovak Republic

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santiago, Paulo; Halász, Gábor; Levacic, Rosalind; Shewbridge, Claire

    2016-01-01

    This report for the Slovak Republic forms part of the OECD Review of Policies to Improve the Effectiveness of Resource Use in Schools. The purpose of the Review is to explore how school resources can be governed, distributed, utilised and managed to improve the quality, equity and efficiency of school education. School resources are understood in…

  6. English Teaching Profile: Yemen Arab Republic.

    Science.gov (United States)

    British Council, London (England). English Language and Literature Div.

    A description of the role and status of the English language in the Yemen Arab Republic begins with a general statement concerning the distribution of English speakers and the use of English language materials. Subsequent sections outline: (1) the use and status of English within the educational system at all levels, including teacher education;…

  7. Housing Finance Efficiency in the Czech Republic

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Sunega, Petr; Lux, Martin

    Ljubljana : Urban Planning Institute of the Republic of Slovenia, 2006, s. 1-20. [Housing in an expanding Europe: theory , policy, implementation and participation. Ljubljana (SI), 02.07.2006-05.07.2006] R&D Projects: GA ČR GA403/06/0915 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z70280505 Keywords : housing finance * efficiency Subject RIV: AO - Sociology, Demography

  8. Energy Policy of the Czech Republic

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The presentation by the Czech Deputy Minister of Industry and Trade contains many graphs illustrating the past, current and prospective situation in the power sector in the Czech Republic and worldwide and gives an outline of the Czech energy policy. (P.A.)

  9. Grey Literature in the Czech Republic

    OpenAIRE

    Pejšová, Petra; Pfeiferová, Martina

    2008-01-01

    Contribution summarizes activities concerning grey literature in the Czech Republic. Contribution describes relationships between systems/projects collecting grey literature and position grey literature in the Czech Digital Library. Contribution is especially focused on a project “The Digital Library for Grey Literature –Functional Model and Pilot Implementation”, which solves the State Technical Library.

  10. Hantavirus Infection in the Republic of Georgia

    OpenAIRE

    Kuchuloria, Tinatin; Clark, Danielle V.; Hepburn, Matthew J.; Tsertsvadze, Tengiz; Pimentel, Guillermo; Imnadze, Paata

    2009-01-01

    We describe a laboratory-confirmed case of hantavirus infection in the Republic of Georgia. Limited information is available about hantavirus infections in the Caucasus, although the infection has been reported throughout Europe and Russia. Increasing awareness and active disease surveillance contribute to our improved understanding of the geographic range of this pathogen.

  11. Kyrgyz Republic : Update on the Mining Sector

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank, (WB)

    2002-01-01

    The study, discussed at large with the Government of the Kyrgyz Republic, outlines several development objectives envisaged for the mining sector, namely, to maintain production, and social well-being at existing "kombinats"; to create competitive legal, and fiscal conditions, attractive to private sector investment; to increase the value added of the sector in terms of taxes, jobs, and in...

  12. Forensic Psychology in the Czech Republic

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Polišenská, Veronika

    2007-01-01

    Roč. 44, č. 1 (2007), s. 55-67. ISSN 1544-4759 R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GA406/07/0261 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z70250504 Keywords : forensic psychology * Czech Republic * institutions Subject RIV: AN - Psychology

  13. Hillfort investigations in the Czech Republic

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Křivánek, Roman

    Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2015 - (Carver, M.; Gaydarska, B.; Montón-Subías, S.), s. 157-161. (Springer Briefs in Archaeology ). ISBN 978-3-319-09818-0 Institutional support: RVO:67985912 Keywords : geophysical survey * non-destructive archaeology * hillfort * Czech Republic Subject RIV: AC - Archeology, Anthropology, Ethnology

  14. Kyrgyz Republic : School Autonomy and Accountability

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank

    2012-01-01

    The Kyrgyz Republic is in a state of educational transition. Its process of reform is aimed at improving education quality by increasing the quality of its teachers, reducing inequity in education finance, and updating its curriculum and instructional materials. Improving school autonomy and accountability are two of the main recommendations made by recent analysis. Therefore, the benchmar...

  15. Metropolitan Governance in the Czech Republic

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Kostelecký, Tomáš; Illner, Michal; Vobecká, Jana

    Sainte-Foy (Quebec City): Presses de l’Université Laval, 2007 - (Collin, J.; Robertson, M.), s. 235-258 ISBN 978-2-7637-8524-0 R&D Projects: GA AV ČR IAA7028406 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z70280505 Keywords : metropolitan government * metropolitan governance * Czech Republic Subject RIV: AO - Sociology, Demography

  16. Radiation safety actuality in Republic of Moldova

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Radioecological monitoring issues and radiation safety are actual in the Republic of Moldova. Japan events show us the possibility of natural disasters. Republic of Moldova is surrounded by 8 NPPs, the closest being at the distance of 160 km. Moldovas territory is in seismic zone where underground earthquake shocks reaches 7 points or more. Thatis why radiation safety and radioecological monitoring is actual in our republic. Traces of Chernobyl were left in Moldovas soils. The fallouts of radio nuclides formed on the soil surfaces in the Republic of Moldova following the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Station Accident have been continuously affected by attacks of both natural and technicaly generated agents since the time of fallout. During the past decade a shift in emphasis has taken place regarding the need for more complete and accurate information on reservoir sedimentation. Classical sedimentation surveys involve repeated field measurement and, therefore, this is probably the most costly and time consuming method. The application of radio nuclides, particularly Cs 137, for water erosion and sedimentation studies in Republic of Moldova has not been attempted so far. This paper presents the results obtained on reservoir sedimentation rates in an area subjected to wide range in land degradation dy sheet-rill erosion. The profil characteristics support the assumption that in most undisturbed sites there is a sharp decline in Cs 137 activity with increasing dept. Such an asymmetrical distribution of the Cs 137 would suggest a standard pattern in the form of a cantilever. If the validity of this assamption is accepted it is possible to define two major types of Cs 137 cantilever distribution: shallow and deep buried cantilever. The main criterion in classifying these pattents lies generally in the shape of Cs 137 depth profile and particularly in burial magnitude of Cs 137 peak derived from Chernobyl. Hills area has been impacted by greatest sendimentation. This regional

  17. Annual Report ABACC 2009 - Brazilian-Argentine Agency for the Accounting and Control of Nuclear Materials; Relatorio anual 2009 - Agencia Brasileiro-Argentina de Contabilidade e Controle de Materiais Nucleares (ABACC)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2009-07-01

    This document reports the actives during the year 2009 related to: technical activities as application of safeguards; management of the Quadripartite Agreement and the SCCC - Common System for Accounting and Control of Nuclear Materials; training; technical cooperation; institutional, administrative and financial activities; perspectives for 2010; list of inspectors; list of Brazilian and Argentine facilities subject to the Quadripartite Agreement

  18. Annual Report 2007 - ABACC - Brazilian-Argentine Agency for Accounting and Control of Nuclear Materials; Relatorio anual 2007 - ABACC - Agencia Brasileiro-Argentina de Contabilidade e Controle de Materiais Nucleares

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2007-07-01

    This document reports activities during the year 2007 related to: technical activities as application of safeguards; management of the Quadripartite Agreement and the SCCC - Common System for Accounting and Control of Nuclear Materials; training; technical cooperation; outlook for 2008 and; institutional, administrative and financial activities; technical glossary; list of brazilian facilities; list of argentine facilities and a list of institution of nuclear area.

  19. Co-operation Agreement. The Text of the Agreement of 25 May 1998 between the International Atomic Energy Agency and the Brazilian-Argentine Agency for Accounting and Control of Nuclear Materials

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The text of the Co-operation Agreement between the International Atomic Energy Agency and the Brazilian-Argentine Agency for Accounting and Control of Nuclear Materials is reproduced herein for the information of all Members. The Agreement entered into force on 25 May 1998, pursuant to Article 8

  20. CONOCIMIENTO, ECONOMÍA, DESARROLLO Y SOCIEDAD: TRAZOS DESDE LA COMPLEJIDAD

    OpenAIRE

    Ricardo Guzmán Díaz; Aurora Adriano Anaya

    2013-01-01

    Ante el surgimiento en las últimas décadas de las llamadas economías basadas en el conocimiento, han aparecido diversas propuestas explicativas o marcos teóricos para la comprensión de las mismas. En este trabajo tenemos el propósito de reflexionar, con una visión humanística como eje conductor, en torno a diversos conceptos introducidos por pensadores como Dominique Foray, desde la teoría económica, Javier Echeverría, desde la filosofía de la ciencia, Manuel Castells, desde la sociología y E...

  1. Gestionar cambios desde la óptica cultural

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ramón Antonio Piña Rodríguez

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Se proponen enfoques de cómo abordar los cambios organizacionales en las pequeñas y medianas empresas cubanas (PYMEs desde la óptica cultural. La experiencia y conocimientos acumulados en los servicios de consultoría a empresas cubanas y relativos a la implementación de nuevas herramientas gerenciales, -muy a tono con el desarrollo de la espiral evolutiva de la economía- , muestran la necesidad de enfatizar la óptica cultural en el ámbito de las pequeñas y medianas empresas cubanas. Se describe el contexto empresarial cubano abordado en calidad de objeto de consultorías, la relación y correspondencia de las teorías del cambio y enfoques culturales con la teoría marxista, así como la introducción de la propia técnica descriptiva cultural ya aplicada con éxito en empresas cubanas. Además, son abordados conceptos primarios imprescindibles para la comprensión del cambio organizacional, el reconocimiento de su existencia y necesidad de gerenciarlo a partir del dominio de los rasgos culturales propios que apalancan o pueden constituir barreras para el cambio. Describe el artículo y responde además en calidad de soporte académico, al curso de post grado asociado a la introducción de la consultoría gerencial .Es intención de los autores argumentar, promover y presentar al empresariado cubano las herramientas que le permitan asumir su propia capacidad de cambio en las organizaciones que dirigen, minimizando los costos materiales y emocionales que cada proceso de cambio contrae.

  2. La violencia escolar desde la infancia hasta la juventud

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Oliva-Zárate

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available La violencia escolar se ha convertido en foco de atención no sólo de investigadores, sino de todos aquellos involucrados en el quehacer educativo y de la sociedad en general. Lo anterior debido a la creciente ola de violencia que se presenta en los distintos ámbitos de la actividad humana. El punto de interés del presente estudio tiene como objetivo la descripción de la violencia narrada por los mismos alumnos de los distintos niveles educativos. Para ello, se utilizó la técnica de grupo de discusión para rescatar los discursos individuales y colectivos de 37 estudiantes (16 mujeres y 21 varones entre 3 y 22 años provenientes de 27 escuelas de diversos niveles educativos de la ciudad de Xalapa, México. El análisis cualitativo de los datos se realizó mediante el programa ATLAS.ti. Los resultados indicaron la existencia de violencia en todos los niveles escolares estudiados. Sin embargo, las formas, tipos, lugares y la dirección de la violencia, así como el género en la expresión de la violencia cambió desde niños preescolares hasta jóvenes universitarios. Los resultados señalaron que con respecto a la dirección de la violencia, el maltrato entre iguales se presentó con mayor frecuencia al igual que la violencia de tipo psicológico. Respecto a las formas predominaron los golpes y las agresiones verbales con manifestación principalmente en el baño y los espacios abiertos de la escuela. Los datos encontrados en cada nivel escolar permiten concluir que el comportamiento violento se encuentra relacionado con la edad y que junto con la influencia cultural determinan su expresión.

  3. Characterizing and predicting species distributions across environments and scales: Argentine ant occurrences in the eye of the beholder

    Science.gov (United States)

    Menke, S.B.; Holway, D.A.; Fisher, R.N.; Jetz, W.

    2009-01-01

    Aim: Species distribution models (SDMs) or, more specifically, ecological niche models (ENMs) are a useful and rapidly proliferating tool in ecology and global change biology. ENMs attempt to capture associations between a species and its environment and are often used to draw biological inferences, to predict potential occurrences in unoccupied regions and to forecast future distributions under environmental change. The accuracy of ENMs, however, hinges critically on the quality of occurrence data. ENMs often use haphazardly collected data rather than data collected across the full spectrum of existing environmental conditions. Moreover, it remains unclear how processes affecting ENM predictions operate at different spatial scales. The scale (i.e. grain size) of analysis may be dictated more by the sampling regime than by biologically meaningful processes. The aim of our study is to jointly quantify how issues relating to region and scale affect ENM predictions using an economically important and ecologically damaging invasive species, the Argentine ant (Linepithema humile). Location: California, USA. Methods: We analysed the relationship between sampling sufficiency, regional differences in environmental parameter space and cell size of analysis and resampling environmental layers using two independently collected sets of presence/absence data. Differences in variable importance were determined using model averaging and logistic regression. Model accuracy was measured with area under the curve (AUC) and Cohen's kappa. Results: We first demonstrate that insufficient sampling of environmental parameter space can cause large errors in predicted distributions and biological interpretation. Models performed best when they were parametrized with data that sufficiently sampled environmental parameter space. Second, we show that altering the spatial grain of analysis changes the relative importance of different environmental variables. These changes apparently result

  4. Comprensión de fenómenos naturales desde la perspectiva científica desde el contexto ecosistemas

    OpenAIRE

    Zepeda Navarrete, José Alejandro; Zacarías Pérez, Patricia; Ramírez Ponce, Ramón; Martínez Díaz, Francisco René; Reyes Matias, Danilka

    2012-01-01

    • Información General • Evaluación Diagnóstica • Contenido o Tema 1 - ¿Qué significa la competencia comprensión de fenómenos y procesos naturales desde la perspectiva científica en el contexto de los ecosistemas?  Objetivos específicos del tema  Actividad inicial del tema  Desarrollo del tema  Actividad final del tema  Recursos adicionales o Tema 2 - ¿Por qué es relevante que adquiera la competencia comprensión de fenómenos y procesos naturales desde la perspec...

  5. La subjetividad desde la perspectiva histórico cultural: un tránsito desde el pensamiento dialéctico al pensamiento complejo.

    OpenAIRE

    Oscar Hernández

    2009-01-01

    En el presente artículo se expone conceptualmente la categoría de la subjetividad y los elementos que la sustentan desde las propuestas provenientes de la psicología histórico cultural. Para ello se hizo una revisión de las principales ideas de la filosofía del materialismo dialéctico, y de los elementos en la obra de L.Vigotsky que se relacionancon su develamiento. Adicionalmente, se realizó una breve exposición de las contribuciones más destacadas que desde la psicología soviética, facilita...

  6. Pensar la Complejidad desde la praxis cognoscente de la racionalidad intersubjetiva.

    OpenAIRE

    Álvaro B. Márquez-Fernández

    2007-01-01

    En este ensayo se aborda la transdisciplinariedad desde la perspectiva de la Complejidad se destaca el supuesto filosófico que permite pensar la transdisciplinariedad desde una relación epistémica mucho más holística y contingente, entre el sujeto conociente y el objeto cognitivo, que nos permita desfundamentar los principios positivistas de la razón moderna.

  7. Astronomía Gamma desde El Leoncito

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rovero, A. C.; Colombo, E.; Sahade, J.; Weekes, T. C.

    La astronomía gamma, en el extremo de energías detectadas hasta el presente, se encuentra en desarrollo en muchas partes del mundo y proporciona resultados sorprendentes a medida que la tecnología avanza en el desarrollo de nuevos detectores. La técnica Cherenkov Atmosférica es la utilizada para la detección, mediante telescopios en tierra, del efecto secundario causado por la radiación gamma de muy altas energías (E ≈ TeV). Por medio de telescopios o arreglos de detectores y utilizando la técnica mencionada, se han podido detectar algunas fuentes puntuales de mucha importancia astrofísica como la Nebulosa del Cangrejo y la galaxia de núcleo activo Markarian 421. El sistema instalado en San Juan, en cooperación con el grupo de Radiación Gamma del Observatorio Whipple, está constituído por tres colectores de 1.5m que registran pulsos de luz generados por las cascadas de partículas producidas por rayos cósmicos de todo tipo al entrar en la atmósfera terrestre. El sistema opera por barrido en ascención recta de la fuente observada que, para esta etapa del experimento, es el Centro Galáctico. Esta fuente extensa es conocida como emisor gamma de energías inferiores al TeV y ha sido observada anteriormente en este rango de energía desde el hemisferio norte pero con elevaciones bajas, situación no óptima para este tipo de técnica. Se presentan los primeros resultados del análisis de los datos obtenidos observando la región del Centro Galáctico, luego de dos años de observaciones, así como una descripción de la técnica Cherenkov Atmosférica y del equipo utilizado en la experiencia.

  8. Controlling in the Conditions of Czech Republic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I.Chrenková

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available The paper deals with the issue of controlling the Agriculture of the Czech Republic, using methods of activitybased costing. The basic premise of knowledge is based on a given topic, especially the nature of the method ABC (Activity Based Costing. The paper described the application of the ABC design method in Microsoft Excel applicable in the agricultural sector of the Czech Republic. The proposed application of the ABC method, using Microsoft Excel, is an alternative to using expensive costing ABC special software. Created ABC method application also demonstrates that if somebody wants to improve approach in the overheads management, so it can be used by using quite common user knowledge of Microsoft Excel.

  9. Landscape Atlas of the Slovak Republic. CD

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Atlas on the CD-ROM is being published as the electronic book and is the exact copy of the printed version in the PDF format. The bilingual version (Slovak and English) makes the Atlas accessible to the majority of the national and foreign users. Landscape Atlas of the Slovak Republic brings comprehensive information applicable in the state administration, scientific institutions, educational sphere, research centres, as well as the designing and planning organisations. Landscape Atlas of the Slovak Republic - CD version consists of ten chapters: Chapter I: Landscape and its representation; Chapter II: Development of settlement and map representation; Chapter III: Situation; Chapter IV: Primary landscape structure; Chapter V: Secondary landscape structure; Chapter VI: Population and its activities in landscape; Chapter VII: Natural-settlement regions; Chapter VIII: Protected areas and natural resources; Chapter IX: Stress phenomena in landscape; Chapter X: Landscape as the human environment. Files with the Foreword, Introduction, Contents, List of authors as well as editors pages are included

  10. Occupational radiation exposure in the Slovak Republic

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Recently are 2 nuclear power plants in operation in the Slovak republic. Apart from nuclear facilities there are 450 licensed undertakings with monitored workers. The majority of the licensed undertakings are active in health care. In Slovak republic are five dosimetry services performing assessments on personal doses due to external exposure and two dosimetry services are approved to carry out monitoring of internal exposure. Dosemeters used for the monitoring of external individual exposure include: personal whole-body film dosemeters, thermoluminescence dosemeters (TLD) or optically stimulated luminescence dosimeters (OSL) for measurements of beta and gamma radiation; TLD for measurements of neutron radiation and TLD for extremities. The measured operational dose quantities are Hp(10), Hp(3) and Hp(0.07). Approved dosimetry service reports the measured dose data to the employers and to the Central register of occupational doses (CROD). Annually are monitored about 12500 - 16200 active workers. Average effective doses per one monitored worker are presented. (authors)

  11. Republic of Congo; Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper

    OpenAIRE

    International Monetary Fund

    2012-01-01

    The government of the Republic of Congo launched a program aimed at consolidating peace and promoting economic and social development. The objectives included improvement of governance and consolidation of peace and security, promotion of growth and macroeconomic stability, improvement of public access to basic social services, improvement of the social environment, integration of disadvantaged groups, and combating HIV/AIDS. The review shows that much remains to be accomplished, and building...

  12. Republic of Congo; 2013 Article IV Consultation

    OpenAIRE

    International Monetary Fund

    2013-01-01

    This paper assesses the Republic of Congo’s discussions in 2013 Article IV Consultation. Though having abundance of natural resources, notably oil and iron ore, Congo has achieved limited progress in poverty alleviation, and remains vulnerable to external shocks. Weak governance and business conditions are significant constraints to private sector development and growth inclusiveness. The IMF report shows that Congo’s main challenge is to ensure long-term macroeconomic stability in the fa...

  13. Brucellosis in Islamic republic of Iran

    OpenAIRE

    Hossein Esmaeili

    2015-01-01

    Brucellosis is a zoonotic disease that is widely distributed throughout the developing countries.In this review, an overview of the epidemiological and epizootic status of brucellosis in Islamic republic of Iran is presented. In Iran, the disease was first recognized in 1932, which is now endemic in the entire country. The first animal vaccination program was carried out in 1949. Brucellosis has been found in humans, cattle, sheep, goats, camels, horses, buffaloes, dogs and the prevalence of ...

  14. Air pollution in the Slovak Republic, 2001

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A report on air quality and contribution of individual sources on its pollution in the Slovak Republic in 2001 is presented. This report consists of two parts: (1) Ambient air and (2) Emission. Ambient air part is divided into the following chapters: Regional air pollution and quality of precipitation; Local air pollution; Atmospheric ozone. Emission part is divided into the following chapters: Emission and air pollution source inventory, Greenhouse gas emissions

  15. Migration groups in the Czech Republic

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Uherek, Zdeněk

    Bratislava: The Institute for Sociology of the Slovak Academy of Sciences, 2015 - (Falťan, Ľ.), s. 222-231 ISBN 978-80-85544-88-6. [Cross-border migration and its implications for the Central European Area. Bratislava (SK), 05.11.2014-07.11.2014] Institutional support: RVO:68378076 Keywords : migration * Czech Republic * Social Anthropology Subject RIV: AC - Archeology, Anthropology, Ethnology

  16. Radioactive waste management in the Czech Republic

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Radioactive waste and spent nuclear fuel are generated in the Czech Republic as a consequence of the peaceful use of nuclear energy and ionising radiation in many industries, particularly in the generation of nuclear energy, health care (therapy, diagnostics), research, and agriculture. The current extent of utilisation of nuclear energy and ionising radiation in the Czech Republic is comparable with that of other developed countries. The Concept of Radioactive Waste and Spent Nuclear Fuel Management is a fundamental document formulating government and state authority strategy for the period up to approximately 2025 (affecting policy up to the end of the 21st century), concerning the organizations which generate radioactive waste and spent nuclear fuel. The Concept puts forward solutions to provide for the disposal of waste in compliance with requirements for the protection of human health and the environment without excessively transferring any of the current impacts of nuclear energy and ionising radiation utilisation to future generations. The Concept was approved by the government of the Czech Republic in 2002. According to the Concept high level waste and spent nuclear fuel generated at the Dukovany and Temelin nuclear power plants will eventually be disposed of in a deep geological repository. Such a repository should commence operation in 2065. Work aimed at selecting potentially suitable sites began in 1992, but the final site has not yet been determined. In compliance with the aforementioned Concept, the Radioactive Waste Repository Authority (RAWRA) is responsible for finding two suitable sites before 2015. The current stage of evaluation covers the whole of the Czech Republic and includes detailed criteria and requirements. Based on the latest findings RAWRA suggested six potential sites for further investigation at the beginning of 2003. (author)

  17. Republic of Estonia: Financial System Stability Assessment

    OpenAIRE

    International Monetary Fund

    2009-01-01

    This paper presents key findings of the Financial System Stability Assessment of the Republic of Estonia. The Estonian financial sector is highly concentrated and foreign owned. Financial indicators suggest a sound banking sector, and show particular strength in asset quality and earnings. The paper reveals that the Estonian banking sector has significant vulnerabilities from its real-estate lending. The rapid expansion of the banking sector has been funded, to a large extent, by short-term f...

  18. RENEWABLE ENERGY IN THE REPUBLIC OF ARMENIA

    OpenAIRE

    VAHE ODABASHIAN; SUSANNA KHACHATRYAN

    2008-01-01

    Greater independence of domestic energy systems is quite important for the sustainabledevelopment of the Republic of Armenia. In Armenia’s context this impliesreduced dependence on imported fuel, which, in its turn, will have a positiveimpact on Armenia’s trade balance, increased competitiveness on the internationalarena and security.High importance is attached to the issue of revealing the renewable energypotential and its efficient application in the economy. The article provides ananalysis...

  19. Air pollution in the Slovak Republic, 2003

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A report on air quality and contribution of individual sources on its pollution in the Slovak Republic in 2003 is presented. This report consists of two parts: (1) Pollutants part and (2) Emission part. Pollutants part is divided into the following chapters: Regional air pollution and quality of of precipitation; Local air pollution; Atmospheric ozone. Emission part is divided into the following chapters: Inventory control of emissions and sources of pollution, Emission of greenhouse gases

  20. Air pollution in the Slovak Republic, 2004

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A report on air quality and contribution of individual sources on its pollution in the Slovak Republic in 2004 is presented. This report consists of two parts: (1) Pollutants part and (2) Emission part. Pollutants part is divided into the following chapters: Regional air pollution and quality of precipitation; Local air pollution; Atmospheric ozone. Emission part is divided into the following chapters: Inventory control of emissions and sources of pollution, Emission of greenhouse gases

  1. Republic of Lithuania; 2011 Article IV Consultation

    OpenAIRE

    International Monetary Fund

    2011-01-01

    The 2011 Article IV Consultation reports that the economy in the Republic of Lithuania has staged an impressive recovery based on a supportive global environment and determined policy adjustment. The main driver of the recovery was export growth. Executive Directors commended the authorities for Lithuania’s impressive economic recovery, noting in particular the sizable fiscal consolidation and the maintenance of confidence in the banking system. Directors also supported the authorities’ g...

  2. Magnesite industry in the Slovak Republic

    OpenAIRE

    Csikósoya Adriana; Ćulkoya Katarina; Antośoya Maria

    2013-01-01

    The reserve base of magnesite in the Slovak Republic is 3,400 million tonnes of magnesium raw material. Identified world resources of magnesite total some 12 billion tonnes, and there are also large resources of magnesium-bearing substitutes such as dolomite, brucite, and olivine. Furthermore, magnesium compounds can be recovered economically from well and lake brines, and fromsea water. The latter, which contains 0.13% by weight of magnesium, is a major source of this raw material and its co...

  3. Analysis of unemployment in the Czech Republic

    OpenAIRE

    Neumannová, Lucie

    2012-01-01

    Bachelor thesis, whose name sounds like an analysis of unemployment in the Czech Republic is divided into two parts, theoretical and analytical part. In the theoretical part are processed and přiblíženy basic knowledge unemployment — the issue of unemployment, its definition and measurement, the different types and causes of unemployment, unemployment policy is described and finally approached the historical development of unemployment by the year 1999. The analytical part consists of three p...

  4. The Czech Republic in the European Union

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Burger, I.; Dušek, Libor; Fungáčová, Z.; Hanousek, Jan; Klein, A.; Knot, O.; Ostatnický, M.; Vavrejnová, Marie

    Praha: CERGE UK, 2004 - (Dušek, L.; Jurajda, Š.), s. 67-84 ISBN 80-7343-008-8 R&D Projects: GA AV ČR KSK9058117; GA MŠk ME 595 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z7085904 Keywords : European Union * Czech Republic 2003/2004 Subject RIV: AH - Economics http://www.cerge-ei.cz/pdf/books/pdf_0304/VIII.pdf

  5. TAX EXPENDITURES IN THE DOMINICAN REPUBLIC

    OpenAIRE

    Glenn Jenkins; Chun-Yan Kuo

    2004-01-01

    This paper takes a broad approach in the sense that only the fundamental structure elements of each tax system are considered as part of the benchmark tax system. Moreover, this paper will go beyond the traditional tax expenditure reporting by taking into account an ideal tax system with minor distortions as part of the benchmark. Because of having an ideal tax system as a norm, the report makes some judgments about the appropriateness of the ideal tax structure in the Dominican Republic and ...

  6. Logistics Service Providers in the Czech Republic

    OpenAIRE

    HRNEČKOVÁ, Kateřina

    2010-01-01

    The main purpose of the thesis is to analyze the developement of providing logistics services in the Czech Republic and analyze the current situation and expected trends in the near future. The thesis presents the implementation process of logistics outsourcing and follows up the influence of the outsourcing at the level of logistics costs. Manufacturing companies see in logistics the potential tool to improve the efficiency in their operations and they include the logistics in their strategi...

  7. Efficiency of hospitals in the Czech Republic

    OpenAIRE

    Procházková, Jana; Šťastná, Lenka

    2011-01-01

    The paper estimates cost efficiency of 99 general hospitals in the Czech Republic during 2001-2008 using Stochastic Frontier Analysis. We estimate a baseline model and also a model accounting for various inefficiency determinants. Group-specific inefficiency is present even having taken care of a number of characteristics. We found that inefficiency increases with teaching status, more than 20,000 treated patients a year, not-for-profit status and a larger share of the elderly in the municipa...

  8. Online Buying Behaviour In The Czech Republic

    OpenAIRE

    Pilík, Michal

    2014-01-01

    The paper deals with the Internet and its impact on online shopping behaviour of customers in the Czech Republic. A large part of Czech population has already shopped online. Customers view it as a quick and convenient shopping where they can save money. But what are the other factors that influence their shopping behaviour? This paper tries to find the answer to this question. Each customer is an individual therefore models of customer behaviour often cannot be generalized, particularly not ...

  9. Republic of Congo : Mining Sector Review

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank, (WB)

    2012-01-01

    The Republic of Congo covers an area of 342,000 square kilometers (km), of which forests occupy three-fifths, the rest being dominated by savannah. Oil has long been the principal resource of Congo. Since the first exploitations were launched in 1970, the oil sector has become the dominant economic activity and major source of income for the state. The growth rate in real terms was 8.8 per...

  10. OECD environmental performance reviews: Czech Republic

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2005-10-11

    This book presents the results of a peer review of the Czech Republic's environmental policies and programmes. It systematically covers air, water, and waste management; nature and biodiversity management; the environmental/economic interface; the environmental/social interface; and international co-operation. It includes extensive statistical information as well as specific recommendations in each of the topics covered. 7 refs., 34 figs., 34 tabs.

  11. President of the Slovak Republic visits CERN

    CERN Multimedia

    Caroline Duc

    2012-01-01

    On 11 September 2012, the President of the Slovak Republic, Ivan Gašparovič, visited CERN accompanied by the First Lady and a delegation of 67, including the Deputy Prime Minister, the Minister of Foreign Affairs, the Minister of Economy and the Ambassadors of the Slovak Republic to Switzerland, France and the Office of the United Nations. The visit by representatives of the Slovak Republic follows the Slovak Republic’s hosting of the CERN Accelerator School in the region of Bratislava. After being welcomed to CERN in the morning by CERN Director-General Rolf Heuer, the members of the Slovak government were given the opportunity to get a glimpse of the LHC and to visit the ALICE experiment at Point 2. The President and other members of the Slovak delegation then met representatives of Slovak universities and industries at an exhibition of their work in the hall of Building 500. The President then briefly spoke to Slovak journalists and signed the VIP visitors book. The visit last...

  12. Protecting and Enlarging the Digital Republic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Bollier

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available The Internet and various digital technologies are enabling the rise of the "Digital Republic," a new trans-national global culture that is based on principles of openness, participation, and decentralised control. A sprawling federation of digital tribes, from hackers and Wikipedians to artists using Creative Commons licenses and academics managing their own open-access journals, is creating their own "sharing economy" based on self-organized virtual commons. If the Digital Republic is going to survive the opposition of large telecommunications and content industries, many of which oppose open platforms, collaborative production and less stringent copyright laws, then the "commoners" will need to pursue an agenda that enables them to 1 study and fortify the commons as a means of value-creation; 2 secure government support for the commons just as it already supports the market; 3 explore open business models that work in tandem with the commons; 4 consolidate the diverse tribes of the Digital Republic into a more coordinated political movement; and 5 change the neoliberal discourse by introducing a new language of the commons.

  13. Environmental health in the Karelian Republic

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tynkkynen, V.P.

    1999-11-01

    When looking at environmental health risks in the Karelian Republic from the viewpoint of environmental history, the cause and effect relationships of present environmental health risks can be comprehensively understood. The decrease experienced in drinking water quality, which has been induced by the extensive environmental changes, has been exposing the Karelian population to significant health risks. Several waterborne gastrointestinal epidemics witnessed in the Republic and the excess cancer risk of strongly chlorinated humus-rich drinking water are, together with the industrial and traffic and pollution, the most significant environmental health risks in the Karelian Republic today. In order to diminish the health risks related to drinking water, the use of surface water bodies as a drinking water source should be restricted and the so called shallow ground water sources, located near the settlements should be taken into use. In those locations where the water supply cannot be solely based on ground water resources, the raw water intake site should at least be moved further away from polluted water areas. (orig.)

  14. Energy policy of the Czech Republic

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cerny, M. [Ministry of Industry and Trade, Prague (Czechoslovakia)

    1995-12-01

    On February 16, 1992, the Government of the Czech Republic sanctioned, by its Decree No. 112/82, its first Energy Policy. Since that time, a number of conditions have changed: first of all, there was the partition of the former Federal Czechoslovak Republic, then the privatization of most of energy producing corporations, the deregulation of a significant proportion of power and energy commodities, the decision to bring to an end the construction of the Temelin nuclear power station, the creation of conditions for the construction of the Ingoldstadt oil pipeline, etc. These steps, on which the final decisions have been made, have brought about the necessity of updating the existing general Energy Policy. The updated Energy Policy is based on the Programme Statement by the Government of the Czech Republic of July 1992, as well as on other materials associated with energy and power generation, either approved or negotiated by the Government, in particular the State Environmental Policy the Rules of the State Raw Materials Policy, the European Association Agreement, the European Energy Charter, the results of the Uruguayan Round of GATT, the Convention on Climate Changes, the Ecological Action Programme for central and East-European countries, and other international documents that have either been, or are likely to be sanctioned by the Czech Government (especially the European Energy Charter Treaty, and the protocol on Trans-boundary Air Pollution and on Further Reduction of Sulphur Oxide Emissions).

  15. Fiscal reform and corporate governance in the Czech Republic

    OpenAIRE

    Szarowska, Irena

    2008-01-01

    The Czech Republic became a Member State of the European Union in May 2004. Under the EU legislation, prior to adopting the euro the Czech Republic must therefore be an EU Member State and must have fulfilled the Maastricht convergence criteria. The Czech Republic is currently reporting an excessive deficit, which poses an obstacle on the way towards compliance with Maastrich convergence criteria. Therefore Czech government has decided to solve primarily public finance problems. Early Apr...

  16. Sobre las etapas políticas de los doscientos años argentinos On political stages of two centuries argentines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo Sidicaro

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Las diferentes etapas del desarrollo político de los dos siglos argentinos son analizadas por el autor considerando interpretaciones de actores políticos y de sociólogos de cada época que centraron el foco de su interés en los sistemas de poder y en los modos de acción de los dirigentes del Estado y de los partidos políticos.Different stages of political development of two centuries argentines are analyzed by the author considering interpretations of political actors and sociologists of each era that centered the focus of interest in systems of power and modes of action of the leaders of the State and political parties.

  17. Pratiques alimentaires et (re)construction identitaire chez des migrants boliviens de retour d’Argentine Foodways and identity (re)construction among Bolivian migrants returning from Argentina

    OpenAIRE

    Charles-Édouard de Suremain

    2010-01-01

    L’étude anthropologique des pratiques alimentaires de migrants boliviens de retour ayant longuement séjourné en Argentine permet d’aborder la problématique de la migration et de l’identité : la construction sociale, réelle et imaginaire, de la migration ne passe-t-elle pas aussi par l’alimentation ? Ce que l’on mange ici et là-bas éclaire, en creux, le succès ou l’échec donné à la migration par les migrants et aide à comprendre plus finement les significations locales données à la pauvreté et...

  18. A Argentina entre as reformas econômicas neoliberais e a redefinição das negociações com o FMI (1989-2007 L'Argentine entre les réformes économiques néoliberales et la redéfinition des négociations avec le FMI (1989-2007 Argentina: between neoliberal economic reform and redefinitions of negotiations with the IMF (1989-2007

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberta Rodrigues Marques da Silva

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo tem por objetivo analisar a influência da crise econômica sobre a formação de novas coalizões políticas na Argentina dos anos 2000, as quais levaram a uma ruptura em relação à política econômica adotada pelos governos Menem e De la Rúa. Essas transformações permitiram uma mudança na estratégia do governo Kirchner nas relações com o Fundo Monetário Internacional (FMI, levando a uma posição mais dura do governo argentino em rechaço às posições do Fundo. A política econômica sustentada pelos governos Duhalde e Kirchner teve como base o regime cambial competitivo, em substituição ao regime de conversibilidade vigente nos anos 1990, e contou com o apoio dos grupos empresariais voltados para o mercado doméstico, favorecidos pela desvalorização do peso. A proposta desses governos para a promoção do crescimento econômico excluiu atores com vínculos externos, que faziam parte das coalizões de apoio nas gestões Menem e De la Rúa. Entre os excluídos estavam os credores que detinham papéis da dívida em moratória desde 2001 e empresas prestadoras de serviços públicos privatizadas na década de 1990, que recebiam apoio do FMI. Essas razões explicam o fato das negociações com o Fundo durante o governo Kirchner terem sido marcadas por impasses e pela postura firme dos negociadores argentinos. Transformações no contexto internacional também tiveram impacto sobre as negociações do governo Kirchner com o FMI. Com a eleição de George W. Bush nos Estados Unidos, em 2000, enfraqueceu-se o apoio norte-americano à concessão de empréstimos do Fundo a países em desenvolvimento. O governo republicano defendeu ainda a redução do papel do FMI na intermediação das negociações entre países devedores e credores privados. O governo argentino sentia que já poderia, nessa altura, dispensar a intermediação de instituições financeiras internacionais nas negociações referentes à dívida p

  19. 78 FR 5416 - Certain Frozen Warmwater Shrimp From the People's Republic of China, Ecuador, India, Indonesia...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-25

    ..., Malaysia, Thailand, and the Socialist Republic of Vietnam: Initiation of Countervailing Duty Investigations..., Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, and the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, dated December 28, 2012, (``the... People's Republic of China (``China''), Ecuador, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, and the...

  20. 78 FR 13325 - Certain Frozen Warmwater Shrimp From the People's Republic of China, Ecuador, India, Indonesia...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-27

    ..., Malaysia, Thailand, and the Socialist Republic of Vietnam: Postponement of Preliminary Determinations in... frozen warmwater shrimp from the People's Republic of China, Ecuador, India, Indonesia, Malaysia... of China,Ecuador, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, and the Socialist Republic of...

  1. Making Sense of an Unstable Legislature: Committee Assignments in the Argentine Chamber of Deputies, 1946–2001 La lógica de una legislatura inestable: la distribución de comisiones en la Cámara de Diputados Argentina, 1946-2001

    OpenAIRE

    Silvina Lilian Danesi; Ludovic Rheault

    2011-01-01

    Latin American legislatures have gone largely unstudied, with the functioning of the Argentine Chamber of Deputies prior to the 1980s being an entirely unexplored subject. This paper fills that gap by examining the organization of the Chamber, with particular focus on its standing committee system from 1946 to 2001. We assess the portability of two U.S.-based theoretical approaches to legislative organization by applying them to committee assignments. An original data set of Argentine deputie...

  2. Mutations in CFTR gene and clinical correlation in Argentine patients with congenital bilateral absence of the vas deferens Correlación de las características clínicas con mutaciones del gen CFTR en pacientes argentinos con ausencia bilateral congénita de vasos deferentes

    OpenAIRE

    Levy, Estrella M; Patricia Granados; Vanesa Rawe; Santiago Brugo Olmedo; María C Luna; Eduardo Cafferata; Omar H Pivetta

    2004-01-01

    Congenital bilateral absence of the vas deferens (CBAVD) is a form of male infertility in which mutations in the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene have been identified. Here we identify different mutations of CFTR and the poly-T variant of intron 8 (IVS8) in Argentine patients and analyze sweat test values and clinical characteristic related to Cystic Fibrosis (CF). For counseling purposes the two most frequent mutations in Argentine CF population: DF508 and G542...

  3. Landscape Atlas of the Slovak Republic. DVD

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This DVD version of the contains dynamic database application (GIS) facilitates the random combination and interpretation of the information contained in the printed version of the Atlas. The data processed in the form of hybrid DVD (Digital Versatile Disk) medium represent qualitatively new possibilities of presentation of this work. Included in this DVD is the LASR program, which makes it possible to use the extensive digital map database that complies in content with the printed version of the Landscape Atlas of the Slovak Republic. The DVD version of the Atlas consists of 793 layers in 400 map compositions assembled according to the Landscape Atlas of the Slovak Republic. The digital form, when compared with the classical printed version, offers better possibilities in terms of the quality of map utilisation. Dynamic display, choice of the user's own graphical interpretation of map elements, display of any combination of information from various maps and saving the user's own map compositions, connection of graphical data with the table description of properties and the possibility of selection based on these criteria are the basic advantages of the LASR program. Printing of the map and database window content is possible. The bilingual version (Slovak and English) makes the Atlas accessible to the majority of the national and foreign users. The DVD-ROM form with Landscape Atlas of the Slovak Republic brings comprehensive information applicable in the state administration, scientific institutions, educational sphere, research centres, as well as the designing and planning organisations. Landscape Atlas of the Slovak Republic is a new cartographic feat, which aspires to offer the comprehensive picture of Slovak's territory as the culmination of the scientific efforts concentrated on compilation of all accessible information on the landscape at the beginning of the 3rd millennium. Landscape Atlas of the Slovak Republic - DVD version consists of ten chapters

  4. Crecimiento en crustáceos decápodos: resultados de investigaciones realizadas en Argentina Growth of decapod crustaceans: results of research made on Argentine species

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana M. Petriella

    1997-01-01

    Full Text Available trabajo se refiere a los aspectos biológicos del crecimiento y a los métodos empleados para estudiar el aumento de tamaño en los crustáceos Decápodos del mar epicontinental argentino. Primeramente se reseñan los mecanismos endócrinos que controlan y desencadenan la muda. Luego se describen las características distintivas del crecimiento en los crustáceos, que se produce en forma discontinua y sujeto a las sucesivas mudas (cambio del exoesqueleto. Se mencionan los métodos usados por distintos autores, especialmente los referidos a especies argentinas, incluyendo algunos de los métodos cuantitativos empleados en Argentina para analizar el crecimiento. Se presentan ejemplos sobre el dimorfismo sexual y caracteres sexuales secundarios permanentes o transitorios relacionados con el ciclo reproductivo de algunas especies. Finalmente, se destaca la influencia de las condiciones ambientales (temperatura, salinidad, contaminación y de otros factores tales como la nutrición, la pérdida de apéndices y el parasitismo sobre el crecimientoThe paper deals with the aspect related to the growth and methods used to estimate the size and weight increment of the Decapod crustaceans in the Argentine Sea (Southwest Atlantic Ocean. At first are mentioned the endocrine mechanism which promote and control the molting cycle. Comments are made on the characteristcs of the discontinuous growth in crustaceans, depending on successive moults, i.e. changes of the exoskeleton. Details are given of the methods used by different authors, especially those on argentine species, including some methods quantitative of analysis of growth. Examples are given for sexual dimorphism and secondary sexual characters, permanent or transitory, which are related to the reproductive cycle in some species. Finally, influences of environmental conditions on growth are reviewed: temperature, ligth, salinity, pressure, pollution and other factor related to nutrition, limb loss, and

  5. V Argentine - matriarhat

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Argentina presidendi Nestor Kirchneri abikaasa Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner edestas presidendivalimistel oma konkurente. C. Kirchneri edu põhjusest, tema võrdlemisest Evita Peroni ja Hillary Clintoniga

  6. Gombrovicz en Argentine

    OpenAIRE

    Cichocka, Marta

    2005-01-01

    ...Esas, pues, son las fundamentales, capitales y filosóficas razones que me indujeron a edificar la obra sobre la base de partes sueltas - conceptuando la obra como una partícula de la obra - y tratando al hombre como una fusión de partes de cuerpo y partes de alma - mientras que a la Humanidad entera la trato como a un mezclado de partes. Pero si alguien me hiciese tal objeción: que esta parcial concepción mía no es, en verdad, ninguna concepción, sino una mofa, chanza, fisga y engaño, y qu...

  7. Argentine nuclear program

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The paper describes Argentina's nuclear program, detailing its objectives, the schedule of construction of nuclear plants and local production of required equipment. The technologies adopted so far, the local industrial and engineering participation, the preliminary study for the construction of the next power station and Argentina's nonproliferation nuclear policy are analyzed. Argentina's point of view on Canadian nonproliferation policy and CANDU reactor export is discussed

  8. El grupo editor de la revista Nosotros visto desde dentro. Argentina, 1907-1920

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miranda Lida

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The cultural magazine Nosotros, founded in Buenos Aires by Alfredo Bianchi and Roberto Giusti, occupied an undisputed place in Argentine culture during the first half of the 20th century. This article offers a reconstruction of its editorial group in the period between 1907 and 1920, from a perspective of social and intellectual history. It suggests that the institutionalization of the editorial group around a Cooperative Society was decisive in its growth as a magazine and publishing house, as was its management by the poet Rafael Obligado, since Nosotros would soon become a prolific publishing label. Under the influence of World War I and the Russian Revolution, the magazine went through intense political and ideological debates that undermined the cohesion of the editorial group and threatened its continuity. The history of the magazine is reconstructed here on the basis of a wide variety of sources (correspondence, a complete collection of the magazine, and memoirs from the period.

  9. “La patria es una e indivisible” “A pátria é uma e indivisível”: Os modos de narrar a história territorial da Argentina "La patrie est une et indivisible". Les stratégies de récit de l'histoire territoriale de l'Argentine “The nation is one and indivisible”: Ways of telling the Argentinean territorial history

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carla Lois

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Una ley sancionada en 2010 determina la obligatoriedad del uso del llamado "mapa bicontinental" (donde la parte continental y el sector antártico reclamado por el estado argentino se representan en la misma escala en todos los niveles educativos. Como consecuencia de esta norma, en lo sucesivo el mapa político de la Argentina tendrá un aspecto uniforme, nuevos contornos cristalizados a partir de la reproducción repetida de la misma silueta territorial. Este modo de intervenir sobre el mapa político mediante dispositivos legales no es novedoso: desde la segunda mitad del siglo XIX, se implementaron diversas políticas educativas, diplomáticas y culturales que buscaron incidir sobre los modos de visualizar, pensar y concebir el territorio nacional.A partir de un repaso a través de la historia del mapa político de la Argentina, este artículo propone repensar los modos en que ha sido narrada y enseñada la historia territorial de la Argentina y poner en cuestión los prejuicios sobre el imaginario construido en torno a la “pérdida de territorios”.Uma lei sancionada em 2010 determina a obrigatoriedade do uso do chamado “mapa bicontinental” (em que a parte continental e o sector antártico reclamado pelo Estado argentino representam-se na mesma escala em todos os níveis educativos. Como consequência desta norma, no sucessivo o mapa político da Argentina terá um aspecto uniforme, novos contornos cristalizados a partir da reprodução repetida da mesma silhueta territorial. Este modo de intervir sobre o mapa político mediante dispositivos legais não é novidade: desde a segunda metade do século XIX implementaram-se diversas políticas educativas, diplomáticas e culturais que procuraram incidir sobre os modos de visualizar, pensar e conceber o território nacional. A partir dum repasso a través da história do mapa político da Argentina, este artigo propõe repensar os modos em que tem sido narrada e ensinada a hist

  10. Measuring Variance in Subnational Regimes: Results from an Expert-Based Operationalization of Democracy in the Argentine Provinces Midiendo la variación de los regímenes subnacionales: Resultados de una operacionalización basada en expertos de la democracia en las provincias argentinas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Gervasoni

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents an expert-based operationalization strategy to measure the degree of democracy in the Argentine provinces. Starting with a mainstream and “thick” definition of regime type, I assess each of its aspects using a subjective or perception-based approach that taps the knowledge of experts on the politics of each province. I present and justify the methodological design of the resulting Survey of Experts on Provincial Politics (SEPP and conduct a preliminary analysis of its results. Some aspects of the provincial regimes appear to be clearly democratic, while others are mixed or even leaning towards authoritarianism. Moreover, some show little interprovincial variance, while others vary considerably from province to province. An analysis of the central tendency and dispersion of the survey items allows for a general description of the Argentine provincial regimes. Inclusion is the most democratic dimension, while the effectiveness of institutional constraints on the power of the Executive is the most deficient. Electoral contestation is generally free of traditional forms of fraud, but incumbents often command far more campaign resources and media attention than do their challengers. Physical repression is rare, but opponents in some provinces face subtler forms of punishment. While the survey does not uncover any clear cases of subnational authoritarianism, stricto sensu, provincial regimes do vary significantly from basically democratic to clearly hybrid. Este artículo presenta una estrategia de operacionalización basada en expertos para medir el grado de democracia en las provincias argentinas. Partiendo de una definición convencional y “densa” del tipo de régimen, se evalúan cada uno de sus aspectos usando un enfoque subjetivo o basado en percepciones, que explota el conocimiento de expertos en la política de cada provincia. Se presenta y justifica el diseño metodológico de la resultante Encuesta de Expertos en

  11. 78 FR 74115 - Monosodium Glutamate From the People's Republic of China and the Republic of Indonesia...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-10

    ... China and the Republic of Indonesia: Initiation of Countervailing Duty Investigations, 78 FR 65269... Administrative Determination Deadlines Pursuant to the Tariff Act of 1930, as Amended, 70 FR 24533 (May 10, 2005... Indonesia: Postponement of Preliminary Determination in the Countervailing Duty Investigations...

  12. Landscape Atlas of the Slovak Republic

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Atlas is being published in several different forms, the printed hard-cover version and loose sheets, and in electronic form (CD-ROM and DVD). CD-ROM as the electronic book is the exact copy of the printed version in the PDF format. DVD consists from the DVD-Video, which contains the popularised film (∼ 1 hour; Audio languages: Slovak, English, German, Russian, and subtitles: English, Spanish, French) and it supplements the printed cartographic work. The DVD-ROM form with dynamic database application (GIS) facilitates the random combination and interpretation of the information contained in the printed version of the Atlas. The data processed in the form of hybrid DVD (Digital Versatile Disk) medium represent qualitatively new possibilities of presentation of this work. The bilingual version (Slovak and English) makes the Atlas accessible to the majority of the national and foreign users. Landscape Atlas of the Slovak Republic brings comprehensive information applicable in the state administration, scientific institutions, educational sphere, research centres, as well as the designing and planning organisations. Landscape Atlas of the Slovak Republic is a new cartographic feat, which aspires to offer the comprehensive picture of Slovak's territory as the culmination of the scientific efforts concentrated on compilation of all accessible information on the landscape at the beginning of the 3rd millennium. Landscape Atlas of the Slovak Republic consists of ten chapters: Chapter I: Landscape and its representation; Chapter II: Development of settlement and map representation; Chapter III: Situation; Chapter IV: Primary landscape structure; Chapter V: Secondary landscape structure; Chapter VI: Population and its activities in landscape; Chapter VII: Natural-settlement regions; Chapter VIII: Protected areas and natural resources; Chapter IX: Stress phenomena in landscape; Chapter X: Landscape as the human environment

  13. Spent fuel management in the Slovak Republic

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Presentation describes the history, present and future of the spent fuel management in the Slovak Republic. First experiences with spent fuel were gained in the seventies. Spent fuel form A-1 NPP was handled at Jaslovske Bohunice site, in order to prepare the spent fuel for the transport to the former USSR. After shut down of the A-1 NPP, all spent fuel was transported to the USSR. In 1978 first unit of V-1 NPP was set into operation. Actually there are six NPP units of the WWER type at Jaslovske Bohunice and Mochovce sites in operation in the Slovak Republic. These six units produce about 500 spent fuel assemblies per year. In 1988 an Interim spent fuel storage facility was build at Jaslovske Bohunice site. These facility stores spent fuel from four Jaslovske Bohunice units. In 2000 this facility was subject to a reconstruction, seismic upgrade and capacity enlargement. In 2004 Nuclear Regulatory Authority of the Slovak Republic approved transport container C-30 for transport of forty-eight spent fuel assemblies. The transport capacity has risen, so the number of transports could be reduced. In 2006 Slovak Electric Plc. (SE) will start transports of spent fuel from Mochovce site to Interim spent fuel storage facility (ISFSF) Jaslovske Bohunice. In addition, a project of Interim spent fuel storage facility at Mochovce site is going on. In the future Slovakia plans to find definitive solution for the spent fuel. One solution could be reprocessing and further usage in the power reactors, the other solution could be final deposition of spent fuel. (author)

  14. Communication Received from the Islamic Republic of Iran

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The text of a letter of 30 June 1992 from the Vice-President of the Islamic Republic of Iran and President of the Atomic Energy Organization of Iran was transmitted to the Director General by the Resident Representative of the Islamic Republic of Iran and is, as requested in the letter, being circulated for the information of all Member States in Annex 1

  15. Striving for Inclusive Education in the Czech Republic

    Science.gov (United States)

    Strnadova, Iva; Hajkova, Vanda

    2012-01-01

    Inclusive education does not have a strong history in the Czech Republic. Initial efforts to educate students with different types of disabilities within the mainstream education system in the Czech Republic date back to the mid-20th century. These efforts were primarily from parent initiatives, which in some cases resulted in ensuring that the…

  16. Slovak Republic - Joining the EU : A Development Policy Review

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank, (WB)

    2003-01-01

    The Slovak Republic's external current account and fiscal deficits (net of privatization receipts) are unsustainably high (at about 8 percent of GDP in 2002), despite some recent declines. With a capital account surplus of perhaps 20 percent of GDP this year, the Slovak Republic may not find it particularly difficult to finance these deficits, but this favorable situation will not last. Fu...

  17. MANAGEMENT OF EMPLOYEES’ VOCATIONAL TRAINING IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

    OpenAIRE

    COLESNICOVA Tatiana; Reviewer: Rodica PERCIUN

    2013-01-01

    In the paper is analyzed the management of employees’ vocational training in the Republic of Moldova. The paper highlights the main aspects of employees’ vocational background in different economic activities and expenditures on vocational training of employees in the Republic of Moldova.

  18. Management of employees’ vocational training in the Republic of Moldova

    OpenAIRE

    Colesnicova Tatiana

    2013-01-01

    In the paper is analyzed the management of employees’ vocational training in the Republic of Moldova. The paper highlights the main aspects of employees’ vocational background in different economic activities and expenditures on vocational training of employees in the Republic of Moldova

  19. SOME FISCAL ASPECTS OF EUROPEAN INTEGRATION OF REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivan LUCHIAN

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available European integration of Republic of Moldova requires solvation of many issues, including those relating to fiscal aspects. The main of them are related to the harmonization of tax legislation of the Republic of Moldova to the European and the operation of the shadow economy and tax fraud. This article will be devoted to reflection problems and some ways of resolving them.

  20. Teaching Writing in the Republic of Colombia, 1800-1850

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clark, Meri L.

    2010-01-01

    This article examines the enduring importance of handwriting in the early republic of Colombia. Colonial practice informed writing instruction but Colombians re-established it in national terms from the 1820s onward. Teaching writing became a critical tool of state formation: an ideal republic of virtuous functionaries depended on uniform…

  1. National report on sustainable development of the Slovak Republic

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The National Report on sustainable development of the Slovak Republic is presented. This report on the Slovak Republic after the UNO Conference of Environment and development - Rio de Janeiro, 1992 was prepared for the Johannesburg World Summit on sustainable development (26 August - 4 September 2002)

  2. Kyrgyz Republic Public Expenditure Review Policy Notes : Intergovernmental Fiscal Relations

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank

    2014-01-01

    Intergovernmental fiscal relations have advanced over the last decade in the Kyrgyz Republic. Since the previous public expenditure review in 2004, the government of the Kyrgyz Republic has developed a number of policy changes in the area of intergovernmental fiscal relations. These policy changes helped the country to introduce a more transparent and equitable system of local government f...

  3. Un parcours collectif autour du militantisme politique en Argentine : de la mémoire des « combattants révolutionnaires » aux discours sur la victimisation

    OpenAIRE

    Sombra, Paula

    2014-01-01

    Les Forces Armées Péronistes (FAP) furent une organisation politico-militaire d’origine péroniste, créée dans la province de Buenos Aires (Argentine) en 1967. Malgré la notoriété qu’a connue le débat sur le thème de la mémoire dans l’espace public argentin, les FAP ont toujours gardé le silence, alors que ses membres, dans leur quasi-totalité, poursuivent actuellement leur engagement politique, et témoignent souvent d’une faible prise de distance avec leur passé. Comment appréhender et aborde...

  4. La Educación Física [Escolar]: reflexiones desde la Gimnasia

    OpenAIRE

    Meneses, Gastón

    2013-01-01

    Este trabajo intenta abordar el problema acerca de la educación física en relación al objeto de estudio y a la especificidad del campo, a partir de una reflexión desde la práctica. La educación física como práctica pedagógica se legitima desde su origen en el seno de la institución escolar. Es decir, hay educación física porque hay escuela. O dicho de otra manera, si hay algo que define a la educación física desde su génesis, es su carácter de escolar. ¿Pero de qué concepto de escuela h...

  5. LA ENSEÑANZA DE LENGUAS EXTRANJERAS DESDE LA PERSPECTIVA DE LA TEORÍA VIGOTSKIANA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raúl Conrado Sánchez Cortina

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available La teoría vigotskiana y sus ideas esenciales sobre la formación de la personalidad humana son tomadas como punto de partida en el presente artículo, en el cual se realiza un análisis de esas ideas, las que van dando sustento a diversas teorías referidas a la enseñanza de idiomas extranjeros desde el llamado “Enfoque cognitivo, comunicativo y sociocultural”, o desde los matices que a esta enseñanza se ofrece a partir de la “Didáctica interactiva”. En el presente artículo se revelan otras concepciones que intervienen en el proceso de la enseñanza de idiomas y que están estrechamente vinculadas con la identidad cultural de los actores del proceso y los valores que llegan desde la nueva lengua que se estudia.

  6. Forests and Landscapes of Dominican Republic

    OpenAIRE

    Cano-Ortiz, Ana; Musarella, Carmelo Maria; Piñar-Fuentes, José Carlos; Pinto-Gomes, Carlos; Cano-Carmona, Eusébio

    2015-01-01

    Aims: This, in conjunction with the diversity of the substrates and the fact that the island is home to the highest mountains in the Caribbean and with a high rate of endemic species, allows them to be differentiated into three major groups –dry forest, cloud forest and the transition between dry and cloud forests. The forests in the Dominican Republic grow in a tropical climate with ombrotypes ranging from arid to humid-hyperhumid due to the moisture-laden Atlantic winds; and inf...

  7. Renewable energy projects in the Dominican Republic

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Viani, B.

    1997-12-01

    This paper describes a US/Dominican Republic program to develop renewable energy projects in the country. The objective is to demonstrate the commercial viability of renewable energy generation projects, primarily small-scale wind and hydropower. Preliminary studies are completed for three micro-hydro projects with a total capacity of 262 kWe, and two small wind power projects for water pumping. In addition wind resource assessment is ongoing, and professional training and technical assistance to potential investors is ongoing. Projects goals include not less than ten small firms actively involved in installation of such systems by September 1998.

  8. Safeguards system in the Republic of Belarus

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    At the time of signing of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (1993), the Republic of Belarus did not have any state system of nuclear material accountancy and control. Accounting for and control were performed by departmental systems which did not involve computer data processing, generation of reports, independent measurements, data coding, etc. They were no able to perform accounting for and control in real time. In this paper the existing system of nuclear material accounting for and control is briefly discussed as well as system of physical protection of nuclear materials, export/import measures and measures to combat illicit trafficking. (author)

  9. Small Business Support in the Czech Republic

    OpenAIRE

    Karmašová, Alice

    2009-01-01

    The objective of the master´s thesis „Small business support in the Czech republic“ is to carry out analysis of current system of Small business based on a created scope of knowledge necessary for orientation in the respective topic, find deficiencies and suggest innovations. The first part is focused on history, on small and medium enterprise terms definition and the evolution of small business in the Czech Republic in the years 2000 - 2007. The second part is attended to analysis of particu...

  10. Cancer in the Republic of Palau (Belau).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wong, Vanessa; Taoka, Sharyl; Kuartei, Stevenson; Demei, Yorah; Soaladaob, Francisca

    2004-09-01

    This study, funded by the National Cancer Institute, assessed cancer awareness and service needs in the Republic of Belau (Belau) in April 2003. Cancer prevention and control is a concern for Belau, and this country maintains a cancer registry to track cases and outcomes. However, assistance is needed to strengthen and expand existing cancer-related services. Key informants requested help to develop a comprehensive cancer prevention and control program, increase the capacity of professional staff in diagnosing and treating cancer, and improve laboratory and pathology services. PMID:16281680

  11. Republic of Palau; Recent Economic Developments

    OpenAIRE

    International Monetary Fund

    2002-01-01

    This paper examines recent economic developments in the Republic of Palau. Palau has made a modest recovery in 2000 and 2001. Real GDP growth has been about 1 percent in 2000 and 2001, after the recession brought about by the Asian crisis reached its trough of negative 5½ percent growth in 1999. This recovery was mainly owing to grant-financed large infrastructure projects. However, the outlook on tourism, Palau’s major industry, remains weak owing to the events on September 11, and the ex...

  12. Market survey Czech Republic. Bio-energy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Basic characteristics of the market for bioenergy (biomass, biogas and biofuels) in the Czech Republic and consequences for business environment are summarized, based on a SWOT analysis. The Czech biomass market is still developing and is segmented and disintegrated to many regional or sector markets where also prices of biomass differ significantly and could be affected by dominant players. There were several attempts to establish a kind of biomass exchange, but were unsuccessful. The biomass trade is done usually on bilateral basis but without clear long-term agreements on contracts which would secure stable supply and prices

  13. Country programme review Republic of Cameroon

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A multi-disciplinary country programme review and programming mission was undertaken to the Republic of Cameroon, from 21 to 25 June 1993. This report reflects the findings and recommendations of the mission and falls into four sections. The first section describes the country profile and includes information about its economy and its development plans and policies. The second reviews the Agency's past and present technical co-operation programmes in Cameroon. The third section deals with a sectoral programme and institutional review, and the fourth section presents possible future technical co-operation activities

  14. Media education in the Czech Republic

    OpenAIRE

    Křivková, Michaela

    2012-01-01

    The Bachelor's Thesis deals with media literacy and its education in the Czech Republic. It shows areas where it is possible to gain and to acquire this skill and to use it afterwards. A special focus is on marketing communication in relationship with this subject. Development of interest concerning this issue is included as well. The aim of the survey in a particular school is to clarify the implementation of the topic into an educational program. It examines the system of integration and ed...

  15. Trade business in the Czech Republic

    OpenAIRE

    Prokešová, Renáta

    2009-01-01

    The objective of my work was to describe trade business in the Czech Republic and to resolve issues associated with the trade business. In my work I focused on the impacts following the more complex amendments of The Trades Licensing Act, implemented by the Act no. 130/2008 Coll. The first part of this work deals with the legal regulations of trade business, it also defines the basic concepts of trade activities - the term trade business, subjects, types and conditions of trade business and o...

  16. EL ANÁLISIS DE COYUNTURA DESDE LA PERSPECTIVA DE UNA ECONOMÍA PARA LA VIDA

    OpenAIRE

    Henry Mora Jiménez

    2007-01-01

    Resumen Analizar la coyuntura económica, social y ambiental desde la perspectiva de una economía para la vida exige objetividad científica y un compromiso político con el bien común. Además, no es un análisis desde “lo económico” o desde “lo social”. Se trata de un análisis desde los efectos (directos e indirectos, intencionales y no intencionales) que las tendencias hacia la irracionalidad del sistema capitalista provocan sobre el ser humano y el medio ambiente. Hablamos de estos efectos com...

  17. Networks in Argentine agriculture: a multiple-case study approach Redes en la agricultura argentina: un estudio de caso múltiple Redes na agricultura argentina: um estudo de caso múltiplo

    OpenAIRE

    Sebastián Senesi; Fabio Ribas Chaddad; Hernán Palau

    2013-01-01

    Argentina is among the four largest producers of soybeans, sunflower, corn, and wheat, among other agricultural products. Institutional and policy changes during the 1990s fostered the development of Argentine agriculture and the introduction of innovative process and product technologies (no-till, agrochemicals, GMO, GPS) and new investments in modern, large-scale sunflower and soybean processing plants. In addition to technological changes, a "quiet revolution" occurred in the way agricultu...

  18. ABACC: annual report 2012 - Brazilian-Argentine Agency for the Accounting and Control of Nuclear Materials; ABACC: informe annual 2012 - Agencia Brasileiro-Argentina de Contabilidade e Controle de Materiais Nucleares

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2012-07-01

    This document reports the actives during the year 2012 related to: technical activities as safeguards application and advances in application of safeguards; main activities conducted in Brazil and main activities developed at ABACC headquarters; management of the Quadripartite Agreement and of the SCCC - Common System for Accounting and Control of Nuclear Materials; training; technical cooperation; institutional, administrative and financial activities; perspectives for 2013; list of inspectors; list of Brazilian and Argentine facilities subject to the Quadripartite Agreement.

  19. Diferencia y otredad desde la fenomenología de Husserl

    OpenAIRE

    Rosemary Rizo-Patrón

    2010-01-01

    El tema del “pluralismo”, frecuentemente abordado desde la sola perspectiva de los retos éticos, políticos y culturales que la era de la globalización plantea a las comunidades humanas en todo el orbe, nos enfrenta a profundos dilemas racionales sobre los que ha reflexionado la humanidad desde la aurora de la filosofía griega. El texto se refiere a dos de ellos: a la relación, por un lado, entre unidad y multiplicidad; y, por el otro, entre “semejanza” y “otredad”, a saber, entre “identidad” ...

  20. El clima organizacional en universidades de Bogotá desde la perspectiva de los estudiantes

    OpenAIRE

    José Javier Bermudez-Aponte; Alexandra Pedraza Ortiz; Clara Inés Rincón Rivera

    2015-01-01

    Esta investigación planteó como objetivo caracterizar el clima organizacional de seis universidades, localizadas en la ciudad de Bogotá Distrito Capital (D.C.), Colombia, a partir de las percepciones expresadas por algunos de sus estudiantes. La metodología se abordó desde el enfoque cualitativo, con alcance descriptivo, busca comprender el fenómeno objeto de análisis desde la visión de conjunto, las posibilidades de análisis de lo subyacente y el sentido de construcción del objeto. Los halla...

  1. El estudio de la infancia desde la psicología cultural: un encuentro de perspectivas

    OpenAIRE

    Juan José Yoseff Bernal

    2005-01-01

    El estudio cultural de la infancia parte de la premisa de que cultura y mente se relacionan estrechamente, en una relación de constitución mutua. Implica que el infante es un ser activo desde que nace (quizá desde antes) y que en interacción con los otros, sus ‘próximos”, es que va constituyéndose su psiquismo. La forma particular que se vaya constituyendo a lo largo del desarrollo devendrá tanto de lo que el infante aporte como de lo que su entorno social le proporcione a través de las costu...

  2. Un juego de espejos : pensar la diferencia desde la pedagogía intercultural

    OpenAIRE

    Eduardo S. VILA MERINO

    2012-01-01

    Con este artículo se pretenden aportar reflexiones que nos permitan pensar las diferencias que nos constituyen desde el tamiz intercultural para, a partir de su consideración, ver otras maneras de entender las relaciones educativas bajo los principios de la equidad y la inclusión. Para ello, en primer lugar se desgrana el concepto de diferencia en consonancia con el de identidad, de forma que obtengamos un sustrato teórico desde el que elevar nuestros análisis y propuestas. En segundo lugar s...

  3. LA DISCAPACIDAD COMO FENÓMENO SOCIAL: UN ACERCAMIENTO DESDE LA SOCIOLOGÍA

    OpenAIRE

    Alexandro Rodríguez Lores

    2012-01-01

    El presente artículo aborda un acercamiento el estudio contemporáneo sobre discapacidad desde el punto de vista sociológico, explica este fenómeno como un hecho social, estudiado por su particularidad por varias ciencias y el aporte de algunas teorías que desde el funcionalismo, el estructural funcionalismo y el interaccionismo simbólico han pretendido a través de sus aristas explorar, explicar y analizar el mundo de la discapacidad. Se refleja que en discapacidad no todo esta plenamente solu...

  4. Los laboratorios de enseñanza desde una perspectiva histórica y social

    OpenAIRE

    Santilli Traba, H.

    2009-01-01

    A partir de un estudio de caso (Física en Ingeniería), se indaga la evolución de los laboratorios de enseñanza, desde el marco de las olas históricas. El enfoque es cualitativo, holístico e interpretativo, se analizan procesos desde la perspectiva de los actores sociales involucrados. Se identifican los cambios en los objetivos y actividades planteados, con miras a desarrollar los conocimientos, científico e ingenieril, de los estudiantes. Se reconocen los cambios en los modelos de ciencia y ...

  5. La rentabilidad desde la organización industrial: Una revisión de trabajos

    OpenAIRE

    Ortiz Correa, Javier Santiago

    2003-01-01

    Resumen:El tema de la rentabilidad ha sido abordado desde diferentes tradiciones del análisis económico, en el presente artículo se presenta el análisis, que sobre la rentabilidad, realiza la teoría de la organización industrial. La organización industrial es la parte de la economía que estudia como se organizan los productores en los mercados; se ha desarrollado desde las vertientes clásicas, que resaltan la importancia del análisis a nivel de la industria para explicar las diferencias en lo...

  6. LA ENSEÑANZA DE LENGUAS EXTRANJERAS DESDE LA PERSPECTIVA DE LA TEORÍA VIGOTSKIANA

    OpenAIRE

    Raúl Conrado Sánchez Cortina; Raúl Sánchez Muñagorri

    2014-01-01

    La teoría vigotskiana y sus ideas esenciales sobre la formación de la personalidad humana son tomadas como punto de partida en el presente artículo, en el cual se realiza un análisis de esas ideas, las que van dando sustento a diversas teorías referidas a la enseñanza de idiomas extranjeros desde el llamado “Enfoque cognitivo, comunicativo y sociocultural”, o desde los matices que a esta enseñanza se ofrece a partir de la “Didáctica interactiva”. En el presente artículo se revelan otras conce...

  7. Trabajo social y salud mental. Intervención desde el Tercer Sector.

    OpenAIRE

    Acinas Fernández, Patxi

    2014-01-01

    En los últimos años se ha producido un incremento del número de personas con enfermedad mental, como consecuencia de ello, se han visto aumentadas las necesidades tanto de atención, y cuidado como reivindicativas en pro de los derechos del colectivo. El trabajador/a Social, desde unos conocimientos y técnicas propias proporciona una atención integral, tanto a las personas afectadas como a sus familiares, realizando la intervención social desde las dimensiones micro como macro, y siendo esta l...

  8. The Volkshochschule: A Comparative Study of Adult Education in the Federal Republic of Germany and the German Democratic Republic.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schadt, Armin Ludwig

    The Volkschochschule (people's college) is the primary institution for adult education in both the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany) and the German Democratic Republic (East Germany). The general purpose of this study is to assess similarities and differences not only in the basic aims of adult education but to examine where possible the…

  9. 77 FR 29315 - Utility Scale Wind Towers From the People's Republic of China and the Socialist Republic of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-17

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration Utility Scale Wind Towers From the People's Republic of China and the Socialist Republic of Vietnam: Postponement of Preliminary Determinations of Antidumping Duty Investigations AGENCY: Import...

  10. Situation Report--Bahrain, Central African Republic, Gabon, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lesotho, Libya, Saudi Arabia, Swaziland, Syria, Yemen Arab Republic.

    Science.gov (United States)

    International Planned Parenthood Federation, London (England).

    Data relating to population and family planning in twelve foreign countries are presented in these situation reports. Countries included are Bahrain, Central African Republic, Gabon, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lesotho, Libya, Saudi Arabia, Swaziland, Syria, and Yemen Arab Republic. Information is provided, where appropriate and available, under two…

  11. Agreement between the Republic of Argentina and the Federative Republic of Brazil for the exclusively peaceful use of nuclear energy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The document reproduces the text of the Agreement between the Republic of Argentina and the Federative Republic of Brazil for the Exclusively Peaceful Use of Nuclear Energy, signed by the Ministers for Foreign Affairs of Argentina and Brazil in Guadalajara, Mexico, on 18 July 1991

  12. Situation Report--Dominican Republic, Ethiopia, Gilbert and Ellice Islands, Laos, Liberia, Republic of Vietnam, Seychelles, Tahiti (French Polynesia).

    Science.gov (United States)

    International Planned Parenthood Federation, London (England).

    Data relating to population and family planning in eight foreign countries are presented in these situation reports. Countries included are Dominical Republic, Ethiopia, Gilbert and Ellice Islands, Laos, Liberia, Republic of Vietnam, Seychelles, and Tahiti (French Polynesia). Information is provided, where appropriate and available, under two…

  13. L’identité argentine ou la construction d’un mythe littéraire entre Europe et Amérique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lionel Souquet

    2002-06-01

    Full Text Available Cet article propose une approche de quelques archétypes qui, jusqu’en Europe, ont contribué à construire une image un peu théâtrale et parfois floue de l’Argentin. Une image littéraire avant tout, mais paradoxalement, souvent proche de la réalité socioculturelle car l’identité du romancier latino-américain est souvent liée à un profond engagement qui se traduit par la description et l’analyse – philosophique, politique, historique, sociologique… - du réel. C’est en étudiant le portrait que les intellectuels du XIXème siècle dressent du gaucho, personnage emblématiquement fort mais aussi victime de toutes les manipulations idéologiques, que l’on voit comment l’identité argentine a été forgée autour d’une dichotomie civilisation-barbarie dont le mythe semble encore vivant dans l’Argentine d’aujourd’hui. L’article aborde ensuite le thème de l’immigration, facteur essentiel de la mutation de cette société et de son entrée dans le XXème siècle. Le portrait de l’Argentin de classe moyenne (groupe social qui distingue particulièrement l’Argentine du reste de l’Amérique latine est ensuite dessiné plus en détail, mais à travers le miroir à la fois déformant et grossissant de l’écrivain Manuel Puig. Il est indéniable que l’imaginaire modèle la réalité. La littérature est certes un miroir déformant et contradictoire de la réalité mais elle appartient aussi à cette réalité.This paper focuses on some of the archetypes which have contributed to the construction of the rather theatrical and blurred picture of the Argentinian – including in Europe. Paradoxically enough, this literary image is not so far removed from the socio-cultural reality as the identity of the Latin-American novelist is often defined by his or her engagement with reality through (philosophical, political, historical and sociological description and analysis. A study of the portrayal by 19th

  14. Accountability and non-proliferation nuclear regime: a review of the mutual surveillance Brazilian-Argentine model for nuclear safeguards; Accountability e regime de nao proliferacao nuclear: uma avaliacao do modelo de vigilancia mutua brasileiro-argentina de salvaguardas nucleares

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Xavier, Roberto Salles

    2014-08-01

    The regimes of accountability, the organizations of global governance and institutional arrangements of global governance of nuclear non-proliferation and of Mutual Vigilance Brazilian-Argentine of Nuclear Safeguards are the subject of research. The starting point is the importance of the institutional model of global governance for the effective control of non-proliferation of nuclear weapons. In this context, the research investigates how to structure the current arrangements of the international nuclear non-proliferation and what is the performance of model Mutual Vigilance Brazilian-Argentine of Nuclear Safeguards in relation to accountability regimes of global governance. For that, was searched the current literature of three theoretical dimensions: accountability, global governance and global governance organizations. In relation to the research method was used the case study and the treatment technique of data the analysis of content. The results allowed: to establish an evaluation model based on accountability mechanisms; to assess how behaves the model Mutual Vigilance Brazilian-Argentine Nuclear Safeguards front of the proposed accountability regime; and to measure the degree to which regional arrangements that work with systems of global governance can strengthen these international systems. (author)

  15. Geothermal resources in the Republic of Macedonia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Republic of Macedonia is situated in the central part of the Balcan Peninsula and covers a surface of 25. 713 km2 Its territory is found in one of the most significant geothermal zones in this part of Balkans. The earths crust in this region suffers poli phase structural deformations, which as a result gives different structural features. The geothermal explorations in the Republic of Macedonia intensively started to conduct after 1970, after the first effects of the energy crisis. As a result of these explorations, more than 50 springs of mineral and thermo mineral waters with a total yield of more than 1.400 I./sec. And proved exploitation reservoirs of more than 1.000 I./sec. with temperatures higher than the medium year seasons hesitations for this part of the Earth in the boundaries of 20-75oC with significant quantities of geothermal energy. This paper will shortly present the available geothermal resources and classification, according the type of geothermal energy, hydro geothermal, lithogeothermal and according the way of transport of the geothermal energy, convective and conductive systems. The next will present short descriptions of the resources, the degree of exploitation and the prognosis dimensions of the reservoirs. (Original)

  16. National energy efficiency study. The Czech Republic

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Energy efficiency and renewable energy production contribute to the three major goals of the national energy policy of the Czech Republic: overall competitiveness, security of supply; and environmental protection. Therefore, the Czech Government aims to promote these two sustainable options. The National Energy Efficiency Study has developed specific policies for the promotion of end use energy efficiency and renewables. These are described in two Action Plans, and in this report which serves as a background document. It contains detailed information on options and measures, potentials, barriers and policy instruments for energy efficiency and renewables. The main part is a detailed outline for a new energy efficiency and renewable policy, including a listing of actions for implementation. Also, it includes recommendations for financing schemes to overcome the investment constraints in the Czech Republic. Finally, a list of concrete projects is presented to support project identification. In addition, two separate Action Plans have been published: (1) The Energy Efficiency Action Plan focuses on promotion of energy efficiency in end-use (separate document, ECN-C-99-065); and (2) The Renewable Energy Action Plan (separate document, ECN-C-99-064) deals with policy on promotion of renewable energy production. These two policy documents should provide policy makers in the Czech Government with essential information on potentials, targets, the required budget, and recommended policy instruments. The core of the Action Plans is the list of concrete policy actions, ready for implementation

  17. The abortion debate in the Dominican Republic.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-01-01

    Faced with a situation in which an estimated 60,000 illegal abortions (a major cause of maternal mortality) were performed annually, the Dominican Republic has adopted a new Health Code which contains a chapter dedicated to maternal health. Included in the new code are cases in which abortion is allowed: 1) when 2 specialists affirm that the pregnancy or childbirth constitutes a risk to the mother's health or life; 2) if the medical history of the parents and 2 doctors confirm the likelihood of the baby being born seriously disabled or deformed; or 3) if the mother's mental health is put in jeopardy by continuing the pregnancy. Despite the disapproval of church representatives, the legalization of abortion was unanimously approved by the Congress. The debate which surrounded the process was increased by a petition signed by more than 260 women decrying the lack of input that women had in the decision-making process. Women's action groups have been trying to widen the context in which the political discussion is taking place to stress the importance of viewing abortion from a reproductive rights perspective. The women's groups wish to prevent a situation in which the discussion surrounding the issue will be limited to legislators and church leaders. The women have pointed out that women should make the decisions about their lives and their bodies. In the meantime, the president of the Congress predicts that illegal abortion will continue in the Dominican Republic regardless of the current provisions for legal abortion. PMID:12286344

  18. Statistics of Remittances in the Czech Republic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martina Šimková

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Remittances represent transfers of earned money of foreigners to home country and they belong to often discussed topics in the connection with migration issues. The reason is the recent increase of the number of migrants and the amount of sent remittances. Since the Czech Republic became the immigration country, remittances have gained the importance. Many foreigners come to the Czech Republic because of work or study. However, many of them send earned money back to their country of origin, to their families and relatives. The information about the foreigners is crucial for describing their behaviour (incomes, consumption expenditures and recording the transactions in national accounts and balance of payments. Permanent lack of data sources causes problems with such statistics. The aim of the paper is the description and interpretation of the issue of remittances. Procedures that are used for these estimates are briefly described with respect to the users’ needs. The description is mainly focused on the estimates of numbers and structures of foreigners, covering the length of stay, economic activity, their behaviour and estimation of sent remittances.

  19. Digitization of Cultural Heritage of Slovak Republic

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brehovská, J.; Brunčák, P.; Dedík, L.; Kravjanská, I.; Sučíková, A.

    2016-06-01

    The Monuments Board of the Slovak Republic within the Operational Programme Information Society from 2012, is digital documenting selected national cultural monuments of the Slovak Republic. Within this project 1,855 architectural objects in Slovakia has been digitized by internal component of the The Monuments Board SR and external suppliers. For measurement there were used the most modern surveying technologies - digital photogrammetry (DP) of land and aerial images and terrestrial laser scanning (TLS). The outputs of digitization are point cloud, highly detailed polygon models, orthoimages, gigapixel images and 2D drawing documentations. During the project, arose the need to process the huge number of images (thousands or tens of thousands) and also need a TLS connection to DP. For this reason, started Slovak commercial firm developing of new software which enable this processing and connection. The outcomes are unique spatial models of large architectural complexes (castles, monasteries, churches...) with high detail and accuracy up to 1 cm. Article is devoted to the project description and the method of digitization for the specific types of the cultural monuments.

  20. Uranium deposits of the Czech Republic

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The existing uranium production in the Czech Republic has a long tradition for about 100 years. The unimportant production of uranium ores used in the glass and ceramic industries and medicine was replaced after World War II by an intense evolution of uranium ore exploration, mining and processing activities. This whole period is characterized by a steadily increasing level, of exploration work and of linked research activities in a few stages. A substantial reduction in the volume of geological exploratory works aimed at the detection and development of new deposits occurred as a result of the contraction programme of the uranium industry, pronounced in 1989. There are only two regions with prospective uranium deposits at present time. The first one is in northern Bohemia with the Hamr and the Straz deposits in production. These deposits are connected with basal Cretaceous sediments (sandstones). The other one is in western Moravia (Moldanubian) with the Rozna and the Brzkov deposits. These deposits are connected with metamorphosed rocks of the Moldanubian. All the exploration, extraction and processing activities were operated by the state for approximately 50 years. Nowadays the only uranium producer in the Czech Republic is the DIAMO state enterprise, based in Straz pod Ralskem. The continuation of extraction is planned at the Rozna and the Hamr deposits in the near future. The ISL-production of uranium is planned at the Straz deposit during the restoration activities. (author). 4 figs, 3 tabs

  1. Regional Innovation Strategies in the Czech Republic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hájek Oldřich

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Lately, the concept of innovation has become a development mantra in the fierce global competition. Competition is not limited to firms; it is also relevant for territories. An observed trend which is not surprising is the number of support tools that have been developed to reinforce the position of territories and their actors in the innovation processes. Clusters and regional innovation systems are the most important of them. However, both are rather underdeveloped in the CEE countries, including the Czech Republic. Faced with this situation, a number of Czech regional authorities (Regions took measures to stimulate the process of creating cluster and regional innovation system (RISs. Hence, strategic planning in the form of regional innovation strategies has become an overarching concept. So far, eleven Czech Regions have elaborated on RISs and analysis of these documents was the main focus of this article. The main finding of this paper is that, there is an increasing quality of RISs in the Czech Republic. Moreover, some common and some differentiated features of RISs were also identified. Consequently, the paper emphasizes numerous problems of RISs that is perceived as a key barrier towards real regional innovation system.

  2. Tanto andar a los mandobles para terminar a los besuqueos: acerca de la relegitimación de los políticos argentinos Tanto andar a los mandobles para terminar a los besuqueos: on the re-legitimacy of Argentine politicians

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Waldo Ansaldi

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Desde el 10 de diciembre de 1983 hasta el momento de escribir estas líneas han trascurrido, en Argentina, veintitrés y medio años ininterrumpidos de vida democrática. Es la primera vez que ello ocurre en la historia del país, superando la primera experiencia de los años 1912-1916 a 1930. El articulo considera la crisis de representatividad de los partidos políticos y, más exactamente, la crisis de la legitimación de los políticos, tan duramente cuestionados cuando la movilización de los días 19 y 20 de diciembre de 2001 (con la consigna: "que se vayan todos". La crisis de 2001 hoy muestra un viraje, en particular, porque los políticos han sido relegitimados por la misma ciudadanía que los hizo objeto de escarnio. En el breve lapso entre abril y setiembre de 2003, el escenario político argentino experimentó una rápida, notable y (para muchos inesperada transformación. Contra las radicales consignas del caliente verano 2001-2002, son demasiados los casos de quienes han recuperado, por el voto popular, su continuidad en cargos políticos.Since December, 10, 1983, twenty-three and a half years have passed of uninterrupted democracy in Argentina. This is the first time in the history of the country that such a thing happens, going beyond the first experience of the years 1912-1926 to 1930. This article considers the crisis of representativity of political parties and, more exactly, the crisis of legitimacy of politicians, so hard questioned during the mobilization of December 19 and 20, 2001 (with the motto: "Let them all go away". The crisis of 2001 is now showing a turning point, particularly because politicians have been relegitimated by the same citizenship that made them object of insult. In the short lapse between April and September 2003, the Argentine political scene experienced a remarkable and rapid and (for many people unexpected transformation. Against the radicals mottos of the hot summer 2001-2002, many politicians

  3. 75 FR 2858 - Negotiation of a Reciprocal Defense Procurement Memorandum of Understanding With the Czech Republic

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-19

    ... Negotiation of a Reciprocal Defense Procurement Memorandum of Understanding With the Czech Republic AGENCY... Defense Procurement Memorandum of Understanding with the Czech Republic. DoD is requesting industry... components. If DoD signs an RDP MOU with the Czech Republic, the Czech Republic would be listed as one of...

  4. 31 CFR 586.308 - Government of the Republic of Serbia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Government of the Republic of Serbia... (SERBIA & MONTENEGRO) KOSOVO SANCTIONS REGULATIONS General Definitions § 586.308 Government of the Republic of Serbia. The term Government of the Republic of Serbia means the government of the Republic...

  5. Discussion about decision support systems using continuous multi-criteria methods for planning in areas with hydro-basins, agriculture and forests, from examples in Argentine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anton, J. M.; Grau, J. B.; Tarquis, A. M.; Andina, D.; Cisneros, J. M.; Sanchez, E.

    2012-04-01

    The authors were involved last years in projects considering diverse decision problems on the use of some regions in Argentine, and also related to rivers or rural services in them. They used sets of multi-criteria decision methods, first discrete when the problem included few distinct alternatives, such as e.g. forestry, traditional or intensive agriculture. For attributes they were different effects, classified then in environmental, economic and social criteria. Extending to other gentler areas, such as at South of the Province of Córdoba, Arg., they have balanced more delicately effects of continuous levels of actions, with a combination of Goal Programming linked methods, and they adopted compromises to have precise solutions. That has shown, and in part open, a line of research, as the setting of such models require various kinds of definitions and valuations, including optimizations, goals with penalties in deviations and restrictions. That can be in diverse detail level and horizon, in presence of various technical and human horizons, and that can influence politics of use of terrain and production that will require public and private agents. The research will consider consideration of use and conservation of soils, human systems and agro productions, and hence models for optimization, preferably in such Goal Programming ways. That will require considering various systems of models, first in theory to be reliable, and then in different areas to evaluate the quality of conclusions, and maybe that successively if results are found advantageous. The Bayesian ways will be considered, but they would require a prospective of sets of precise future states of nature or markets with elicited probabilities, which are neither evident nor decisive for the moment, as changes may occur in years but will be very unexpected or uncertain. The results will be lines of models to aid to establish policies of use of territories, by public agencies setting frames for private

  6. Registro fósil y distribución de Anadenathera en Argentina desde el Mioceno hasta la actualidad

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernández-Pacella, L.

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Currently Fabaceae, is one of the dominant families of the Seasonally Dry Tropical Forests or Neotropical seasonal dry forests. Anadenanthera which integrates the family, has wide geographical distribution in South America and the West Indies, but in Argentina it`s only present Anadenantera colubrina var. cebil in the north and their records are represented from the Miocene to the present through palynomorphs and mineralized woods. The main objective of this work is to contribute to the understanding in the context of the history of Anadenanthera during the Neogene and Quaternary in Argentina, on the basis of the review and integration of the paleobotanical history, geological and climatic available that have affected the genre in the country. Studied fossil materials come from different geological formations of Argentina: Chenque Formation (Miocene, Paraná Formation (Middle Miocene, San José Formation (Middle Miocene, Ituzaingó Formation (Pliocene and Iberá (Holocene. The material found on the Chenque Formation is referred to Polyadopollenites coincides with the described material for the Middle Miocene of the central-eastern Argentina and the Pliocene of northeast Argentina. On the other hand in Paraná and Ituzaingó Formation studied sample of mineralized woods of Anadenantheroxylon villaurquisense, finally the sample found in Holocene of Iberá Corrientes Province corresponds to Anadenanthera colubrina var. macrocarpa. With these data it can be concluded that Anadenathera had a wide geographical record in Miocene and Holocene of Argentina, it was found in sediments from the lower Miocene of Patagonia by integrating a Subtropical Paleoflora. From the Middle-Upper Miocene integrated the vegetation in northeast Argentine constituting xerophiles forests. Their last record is equivalent to the Middle Holocene of sediments from Ibera integrating the regional vegetation and indicating an open vegetation characteristics of dry environments

  7. Experiencias y vivencias del embarazo en adolescentes explicadas desde lo social

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    VIRGINIA INÉS SOTO

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Describir y explicar desde lo social las experiencias y vivencias de las adolescentes embarazadas, como el contexto para una provisión de cuidado integral, individualizado y contextualizado, es necesario para la práctica de enfermería, y tratar este fenómeno como hecho social exige asimilar las realidades del mundo social a las del mundo exterior, adoptando el principio de que se ignora por completo lo que son, reconociendo que el hecho social no puede ser modificado por un simple decreto de la voluntad, sino que exige un esfuerzo laborioso, considerando la experiencia desde los ámbitos interno y externo. Presentar un marco conceptual y referencial desde lo social, interpretando la experiencia y la vivencia, permitirá a la enfermera comprender este fenómeno cuando dichas experiencias involucran o ponen en riesgo la salud de la adolescente gestante, máxime que la práctica clínica de enfermería se ha estudiado primariamente desde una perspectiva sociológica, pues comparte una importancia social destacada y un fin social, centrada en facilitar, apoyar y atender a los individuos, familias, comunidades y/o sociedades para realzar, mantener y recuperar la salud, y reducir y aliviar los efectos de la enfermedad, con el resultado explícito de promover la calidad de vida relacionada con la salud dentro de contextos ambientales inmediatos y más amplios.

  8. CONSTRUCCIÓN DE POLÍTICAS DE MEMORIA DESDE LA VIDA COTIDIANA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María José Reyes Andreani

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available En las últimas décadas, en aquellas sociedades occidentales que han enfrentado situaciones de violencia política, se ha generado un debate sobre los efectos políticos que implica recordar/olvidar dicho pasado. Es así como, las Ciencias Sociales desde los años 90, han hecho de las políticas de memoria un campo de estudios. El presente artículo tiene por objetivo sostener a través de un trabajo teórico, que las políticas de memoria, al contrario de lo que usualmente se plantea, no solo se producen desde acciones estratégicas emanadas de ámbitos políticos-institucionales, sino también desde acciones no planificadas y espontáneas que emergen desde el espacio cotidiano. Lo anterior se sustenta pues al recordar cotidianamente, junto con apelar al pasado en un escenario de conflictos, se producen posicionamientos que generan un ordenamiento de hegemonías y resistencias respecto a lo que se recuerda y al lugar que se le otorga en el presente.

  9. Algunas cuestiones prácticas de los arrendamientos financieros desde un punto de vista contable

    OpenAIRE

    Tejada Ximénez de Olaso. Mª Carmen

    2013-01-01

    El presente artículo describe, utilizando casos prácticosy desde un punto de vista contable, algunas cuestiones para clarificar el estudio del arrendamiento financiero, bajo el el Plan Contable, aprobado por el Real Decreto 1514/2007 de 16 de noviembre.

  10. Algunas cuestiones prácticas de los arrendamientos financieros desde un punto de vista contable

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tejada Ximénez de Olaso. Mª Carmen

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo describe, utilizando casos prácticosy desde un punto de vista contable, algunas cuestiones para clarificar el estudio del arrendamiento financiero, bajo el el Plan Contable, aprobado por el Real Decreto 1514/2007 de 16 de noviembre.

  11. THE ROLE AND IMPORTANCE OF REPUBLIC OF TURKEY WITHIN EUROPEAN UNION NETWORK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Serkan GÜZEL

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines Republic of Turkey’s relationships with Western world in general, and with EU in special. Putting forth the relationship betweeen EU and Republic of Turkey in a clear manner, underlying factors of Republic of Turkey’s accession to the EU has been discussed in accordance with the main problem of Republic of Turkey, including overpopulation and unemployment rate. However, it is essential for EU to consider geostrategical position of Republic of Turkey bringing Europe and Asia continent together and taking place amidst Caucasus and therefore Turkish nations. After all, if Republic of Turkey’s full membership will not materialize, Republic of Turkey should seek another unions to join or form a new one. In any case, EU like Republic of Turkey is well aware of that the reasons of Republic of Turkey’s efforts in joining to the EU greatly depend on Republic of Turkey’s westernization policy.

  12. The Development of Mental Health Policies in the Czech Republic and Slovak Republic since 1989

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dobiášová Karolína

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available The article aims to describe the key events in the development of mental health care policies after 1990 in the two countries and identify the main reasons for stagnation or incremental changes to the institutional setting in the field of mental health care. The process of mental health care reform is explained using the framework of historical institutionalism. The explanation shows that the lack of political interest in combination with the tradition of institutional care resulted in poor availability of psychiatric care, outdated network of inpatient facilities and critical lack of community care facilities in both countries. Even though Slovak Republic adopted national programme at the governmental level, it still struggles with its implementation. The ongoing reform attempt in the Czech Republic may bring some change, thanks to a new approach towards strategic governance of the mental health care system and the mechanism of layering that the promoters of the reform use.

  13. La Cultura de la Inteligencia desde la Perspectiva de la Investigación Histórica

    OpenAIRE

    Goberna Falque, Juan

    2006-01-01

    Desde las más altas instancias del Centro Nacional de Inteligencia (CNI) se viene proponiendo desde hace algunos años la creación y difusión de algo que se ha dado en llamar la «cultura de la inteligencia». Como miembro de un equipo de investigaci

  14. Situation on zoonoses in Kyrgyz Republic

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Problems of occurrence, distribution and control of zoonotic infections as factors to risk of biological threats are priority tasks of medical and veterinary services of the Kyrgyz Republic. The necessity of solving is also a question of maintenance of biosafety and biosecurity, and all these questions are extraordinary actual today. In our republic brucellosis of cattle and small cattle animals is spread widely that causes in difficult epidemiological situation in several areas. In addition the number of people who are suffering from brucellosis is increasing every year. The number of ill people is increasing respectively to the number of ill animals. In the Kyrgyz Republic at the moment to eradicate brucellosis carried out research and practical work: (1) Carried out serological monitoring of all susceptible animals, (2) As a result to serological monitoring of positive animals are sent for slaughter, and (3) at this time, started small-cattle vaccination of livestock in one area (sheep and goats), REV-1 vaccine. This experience will be spread across the country. In addition, are designing new methods for rapid - diagnosis. Serological blood researches of 974.2 thousand heads of cattle on brucellosis were carried out in 2008. Among which 8719 tests gave a positive result that makes 0,8 % from a total of the investigated tests. In 2008 have been existed not an easy epizootic situation of rabies and had been registered 196 pockets of the disease rabies, of which 157 were eliminated pockets. By type of animal's were showing: cattle - 64, sheep and goats - 11 horses - 12 dogs - 106 cats - 1, wild animals - 4. Antiepizootic and veterinary-sanitary measures were organized in the places where niduses of infection were registered. Veterinary experts carried out vaccination of 385 thousand heads of cattle, and also were provided liquidation of vagrant dogs and cats was done in order to prevent an epizootic of rabies. As shown in our study the cases of human and animal

  15. Foreign policy of the Czech Republic and Slovak Republic in Central Asian region

    OpenAIRE

    Maksut, Kuralay

    2015-01-01

    Post-Soviet Central Asian region (former Soviet Socialist Republics, sharing borders with Afghanistan) in particular, so called “Great Central Asia” or “Eurasian Balkans” according to a superficial Eurasian continent geopolitical importance to global actors. The region has been the center of geopolitical pluralism and multiculturalism, which itself engender the ethnic problems and tension. Many experts are concordant with idea that geo-strategic clarity of Central Asia today has been undersco...

  16. Protocol Additional to the Agreement between the Republic of Austria, the Kingdom of Belgium, the Kingdom of Denmark, the Republic of Finland, the Federal Republic of Germany, the Hellenic Republic, Ireland, the Italian Republic, the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, the Kingdom of The Netherlands, the Portuguese Republic, the Kingdom of Spain, the Kingdom of Sweden, the European Atomic Energy Community and the International Atomic Energy Agency in implementation of Article III, (1) and (4) of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons. Accession of the Czech Republic

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Protocol Additional to the Agreement between the Republic of Austria, the Kingdom of Belgium, the Kingdom of Denmark, the Republic of Finland, the Federal Republic of Germany, the Hellenic Republic, Ireland, the Italian Republic, the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, the Kingdom of The Netherlands, the Portuguese Republic, the Kingdom of Spain, the Kingdom of Sweden, the European Atomic Energy Community and the International Atomic Energy Agency in implementation of Article III, (1) and (4) of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons. Accession of the Czech Republic

  17. Price elasticity of household water demand in the Czech Republic

    OpenAIRE

    Hortová, Jana; Krištoufek, Ladislav

    2014-01-01

    In the Czech Republic, water prices have been steadily increasing while water consumption has been decreasing during the last decades. A great deal of literature is devoted to the price elasticity of water demand but to the best of our knowledge, no similar study has been devoted entirely to the Czech Republic. In the paper, we examine the short and long-run price elasticities of water demand in the Czech Republic between years 2000 and 2011. We fi nd that the water demand is inelastic (lower...

  18. State of the environment report - the Slovak Republic 1997

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report of the Ministry of the Environment of the Slovak Republic deals with next areas of the environment of the Slovak Republic in 1997: (1) Basic information about the Slovak republic; (2) Integrated environmental monitoring and information system; (3) Components of the environment; (4) Nature and landscape protection; (5) The state of environment in selected regions; (6) State of the environment - causes and consequences; (7) Environmental risk factors and pressures; (8) Environmental protection; International co-operation. Alphabetical list of abbreviations and texts to the pictures are included

  19. Cointegration analysis of purchasing power parity in Republic of Croatia

    OpenAIRE

    Ivan Kozul

    2013-01-01

    This paper examines the validity of purchasing power parity (PPP) hypothesis in the Republic of Croatia. The main aim is to test whether the PPP Theory holds in the case of the Republic of Croatia and whether the PPP Theory is an appropriate method on which monetary policy makers can rely in determining the size of the market exchange rate deviations from its long-run value. The PPP Theory in the Republic of Croatia has been tested using methods of cointegration analysis. Two cointegration te...

  20. Planning for environmental restoration in Slovak Republic

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The restoration in the Slovak Republic concerns to the contaminated banks of the waste water recipient of the Bohunice NPP. The identified contamination, consisting of mainly from 137Cs, is a result of two accidents on the CO2 - cooled and heavy water moderated NPP - A1 unit of NPP Bohunice complex. Two type of radiation risk scenarios, namely the bank use and contaminated soil (from bank) use scenario were investigated in relation to decision making on the planning for restoration of the contaminated banks. Results of dose assessments and the approach to planning for restoration of contaminated banks are summarized in the paper. Some details from the worked out technical design of the contaminated soil removing from the banks its safe disposal in a subsurface isolated basin are introduced in the paper too. (author). 7 refs, 1 fig., 4 tabs