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Sample records for argentine republic analysis

  1. Nucleoelectric energy in the Argentine Republic

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This text intends to reflect a coherent and sustained management in the Argentine nucleoelectrical policy. Through individual thematic unities connected between them, the basic structure consists of three principal parts. The first part introduces a broad panorama of atomic energy in the world, in the international treaties and organizations. Also the technical, economic and political aspects which had influence in the Argentine nuclear policies, particularly in the electrical production with nuclear power plants, are considered in this part. The second part describes the historical sequence of the principal achievements of the Argentine National Atomic Energy Commission (CNEA) in the nuclear industry. A mention of particular criteria adopted in each situation and the intention and motivations that guide the decisions are also considered. Finally, an actual balance of the nucleoelectrical technology situation in Argentine and in the world is presented. (Author)

  2. Radioactive wastes: the situation in the Argentine Republic

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The paper describes the present situation in the Argentine Republic relating to the treatment of radioactive wastes, the methodology used for siting a radioactive waste repository and the legal problems associated with the provincial jurisdiction on the chosen territory. It also describes related financing and nuclear liability problems (NEA)

  3. Progress of radiosterilization in the Argentine Republic

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The technological and economic advantages of radiation as a means of sterilization have led to a steady expansion of its use. With the significant increase in the radiosterilization of medical products, the health authorities have established standards for the use of radiation for that purpose. These standards will be incorporated in the next edition of the Argentine Pharmacopoeia. In general, Argentine legislation in this area is based on the IAEA's Code of Practice for Radiosterilization of Medical Products. The microbiology services of Argentina's National Atomic Energy Commission (CNEA) determine the number of viable microorganisms in each product and package the product before irradiation. The controls are carried out on random samples. At the same time, the chemistry laboratories carry out quality controls on new products which have received sterilizing doses of gamma radiation. The gas sterilization methods employed most widely in the industrial manufacture of thermolabile products involve the use of ethylene oxide or formaldehyde. The cost of this process is influenced considerably by the fact that Argentina has to import ethylene oxide. The low penetrating power of formaldehyde means that the package containing the product must still be open at the time of sterilization if an adequate safety margin is to be ensured; consequently, one needs sterile installations for the post-irradiation sealing of packages. The capital and operating coats of such installations are high. A comparison has been made of the costs of sterilizing 11000 m3 of a product with a density of 0.1 g/cm3 and the following relative values obtained: ethylene oxide, 399.2; formaldehyde, 947.5; gamma radiation, 166.0. Studies of the effects of sterilizing doses on certain pharmaceutical products have demonstrated that the radiosterilization of some drugs is possible. The CNEA has designed an installation for the radiosterilization of medical products; the installation would have a 500000-Ci

  4. Simulation of the park for electric generation of the Argentine Republic, analysis of its possible expansion with restrictions in the disposability of the fossil fuels

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this work one simulates, using the program MESSAGE, the generation park electric of the Argentine Republic and their possible expansion, with restrictions in the readiness of fossil fuels. This, as other models of planning energetics promoted by IAEA, optimizes the expansion of the net having as function objective the smallest cost in the system. 25 years they were simulated, adopting like base the anus 2000 and considering different scenarios of internal and external demands. It was analysed the increase of the demand with restrictions in the readiness of the natural gas in the winter periods, since the Argentinean electric system has a great dependence of this fuel. To cover the increase of the electric demand, were selected the machines and fuels, at the moment available, with more technical and economic possibilities. In the scenarios without restrictions to the use of natural gas the program selects to the nuclear power station of Atucha II, to the increase of bench mark of the hydraulic power station of Yacireta and combined cycles that burn natural gas. In those in that the supply of natural gas is limited, it selects previously besides the signal ones, other nuclear power stations, other hydroelectric projects and turbines of gas operating with gas oil to cover the top requirements. (Author)

  5. Communication of 31 March 2000 received from the Permanent Mission of the Argentine Republic to the International Atomic Energy Agency

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The document reproduces the text of a letter dated 31 March 2000 from the Resident Representative of the Argentine Republic, including as attachment the declaration of the Advisory and Political Harmonisation Forum of MERCOSUR (Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay), Bolivia and Chile, issued on 27 March 2000, with regard to the 30th Anniversary of the entry into force of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons

  6. Training and the personnel accreditation of regulatory functions in the Argentine Republic

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Teaching and the training are indispensable for the development of the human resources in all disciplines and occupations of the man in the world scale. About the applications of the radionuclides in the nuclear industry, in Argentina, during the last years, the efforts have been intensified. The necessity of improving the capacity of answer in radiation protection and nuclear safety demands an focus integrated in the teaching and the training. The radiological protection and the nuclear safety presents elements of the applied physics, the chemistry, the biology, the nuclear technology and other specialized subjects. However, in relation with the development of the human resources, specially those that belong to regulatory bodies and perform inspection functions, have important differences, necessities and specific problems. Some differences and problems emerge of the wide diversity and reach of the radiological and nuclear applications. Nowadays, in the world, the applications of the radiation and radioactive sources are being diversified in the medicine (diagnosis, radiotherapy, nuclear medicine, the industry, the agricultures, and the investigation and teaching), that involve a permanent knowledge and actualization of the personnel of the regulatory bodies. For that exposed this work describe training program for the personnel with regulatory functions (inspectors) of the Nuclear Regulatory Authority in the Argentine Republic. Also, this document includes the description of the basic formation and specialized in each case and it reach. (author)

  7. Agreement of 13 December 1991 between the Republic of Argentina, the Federative Republic of Brazil, the Brazilian-Argentine agency for accounting and control of nuclear materials and the International Atomic Energy Agency for the application of safeguards

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The document reproduces the text of an agreement by exchange of letters with the Argentine Republic in connection with the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons and the Treaty for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean. The agreement was approved by the Board of Governors on 18 March 1997 and entered into force on that date

  8. Agreement of 13 December 1991 between the Republic of Argentina, the Federative Republic of Brazil, the Brazilian-Argentine Agency for Accounting and Control of Nuclear Materials and the International Atomic Energy Agency for the Application of Safeguards

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The text of the Agreement (and the Protocol thereto) between the Republic of Argentina, the Federative Republic of Brazil, the Brazilian-Argentine Agency for Accounting and Control of Nuclear Materials and the International Atomic Energy Agency for the Application of Safeguards is reproduced in this document for the information of all Members. The Agreement was approved by the Agency's Board of Governors on 7 December 1991 and signed in Vienna on 13 December 1991

  9. Communication received from the permanent mission of the Argentine Republic regarding guidelines for the export of nuclear material, equipment and technology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    On 11 May 1994, the Director General received a note verbale from the Permanent Mission of Argentina to the International Atomic Energy Agency relating to the export of nuclear material, equipment and technology. The purpose of this note verbale is to provide further information on nuclear export policies and practices of the Government of the Argentine Republic. In the light of the wish expressed at the end of the note verbale, the text of the note verbale is annexed hereto

  10. Communication received from the permanent mission of the Argentine Republic regarding guidelines for the export of nuclear material, equipment and technology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    On 11 May 1994, the Director General received a note verbale from the Permanent Mission of Argentina to the International Atomic Energy Agency relating to the export of nuclear material, equipment and technology. The purpose of this note verbale is to provide further information on the nuclear export policies and practices of the Government of the Argentine Republic. In the light of the wish expressed at the end of the note verbale, the text of the note verbale is annexed hereto

  11. Simulation of the park for electric generation of the Argentine Republic, analysis of its possible expansion with restrictions in the disposability of the fossil fuels; Simulacion del parque de generacion electrica de la Republica Argentina, analisis de su posible expansion con restricciones en la disponibilidad de los combustibles fosiles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Giubergia, J.H.; Coppari, N.R. [Comision Nacional de Energia Atomica, Centro Atomico Constituyentes, Unidad de Actividad Reactores y Centrales Nucleares, Avda. Gral. Paz 1499 (1650) San Martin, Provincia de Buenos Aires (Argentina); Rey, F.C. [Comision Nacional de Energia Atomica, Centro Atomico Ezeiza, Presbitero Juan Gonzalez y Aragon 15, (B1802AYA) Ezeiza, Provincia de Buenos Aires (Argentina)]. E-mail: giuberg@cnea.gov.ar

    2004-07-01

    In this work one simulates, using the program MESSAGE, the generation park electric of the Argentine Republic and their possible expansion, with restrictions in the readiness of fossil fuels. This, as other models of planning energetics promoted by IAEA, optimizes the expansion of the net having as function objective the smallest cost in the system. 25 years they were simulated, adopting like base the anus 2000 and considering different scenarios of internal and external demands. It was analysed the increase of the demand with restrictions in the readiness of the natural gas in the winter periods, since the Argentinean electric system has a great dependence of this fuel. To cover the increase of the electric demand, were selected the machines and fuels, at the moment available, with more technical and economic possibilities. In the scenarios without restrictions to the use of natural gas the program selects to the nuclear power station of Atucha II, to the increase of bench mark of the hydraulic power station of Yacireta and combined cycles that burn natural gas. In those in that the supply of natural gas is limited, it selects previously besides the signal ones, other nuclear power stations, other hydroelectric projects and turbines of gas operating with gas oil to cover the top requirements. (Author)

  12. The agreement between the Argentine Republic and Australia on the cooperation for the peaceful uses of nuclear energy and its fitting to the Argentine Constitution

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To analyze the legal aspects of the cooperation agreement between Australia and Argentina signed in Camberra on August 8, 2001, the authors elaborate upon the following points: 1. The interpretation of the constitutional texts. Its need; 2. Facts: the development of nuclear energy in Argentina. The contract INVAP-ANSTO. The cooperation agreement Argentina-Australia; 3. The great publicity campaign. The appeal to fear; 4. The difference with the case of power reactors. Distinction between power and research reactors; 5. The difference with the Chernobyl case; 6. Shipment safety; 7. Other clarifications; 8. Factual and juridical distinction between spent fuel and radioactive waste concepts; 9. The regulatory framework of the difference; 10. The essence of the adjective 'Immediate'. Its juridical meaning; 11. The concept of 'entry'. The need to overcome an intentional literalness; 12. The harmonious interpretation of the constitution; 13. The engagement with the future generations; 14. The adaptation to the global trends. The Kyoto protocol; 15. The bases of the constitutional doctrine. They conclude that nothing in the agreement is contrary to the Argentine constitution

  13. The nuclear fuel elements' world market and the position of the Argentine Republic as producer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The development of the nuclear fuel elements' industry is analyzed, both in the present and projected world market, up to the year 2000, in the light of the situation affecting the nucleoelectric industry. By means of the offer/demand function, an analysis is made of the behaviour of the fuel elements' market throughout the fuel cycle structure. The regional unbalances between availability and demand of uranium resources are considered, as well as the factors having an unfavorable incidence on the fuel cycle's economic equation. The economic structure to be used for the calculation of the nucleoelectric generating cost is presented, in order to situate, within said nuclear economy, the component corresponding to the fuel cycle cost. Emphasis is placed on the 'front end' stages of the fuel cycle, but also considering those stages belonging to the 'back end'. Argentina's fuel elements market and its present and projected nucleoelectric park are analyzed, indicating their relative position in the world market. (R.J.S.)

  14. Activities with Argentina. Spring 1999. A U.S. Department of Energy Cooperative Program with the National Atomic Energy Commission of the Argentine Republic

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-06-01

    In 1989, the US Department of Energy (DOE) responded to the need to redirect resources from weapons production to environmental restoration and waste management by establishing the Office of Environmental Management (EM) and delegated to this office the responsibility of cleaning up the US nuclear weapons complex. Now in its eight year, EM`s mission has three central facets: (1) to assess, remediate, and monitor contaminated sites and facilities; (2) to store, treat, and dispose of waste from past and current operations; and (3) to develop and implement innovative technologies for environmental cleanup. To this end, EM has established domestic and international cooperative technology development programs, including one with the Republic of Argentina. Cooperating with Argentine scientific institutes and industries meets US cleanup objectives by: (1) identifying and accessing Argentine EM-related technologies, thereby leveraging investments and providing cost-savings; (2) improving access to technical information, scientific expertise, and technologies applicable to EM needs; and (3) fostering the development of innovative environmental technologies by increasing US private sector opportunities in Argentina in EM-related areas.

  15. From 1962 the teaching of Methodology of Radioisotopes is continuous in the University of Buenos Aires of the Argentine Republic

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    . Formation of university extension: f) Methodology of Radioisotopes like Technicature. From 1962, the training of technicians was made parallel to that of professionals. From 1997 a Specific Course of Technicians in Nuclear Medicine is dictated, with an own curricular organization and chord to the basic formation of the assistants and its particular professional expectation. All the courses are credited by the Argentine Nuclear Regulatory Authority (ARN). The approval requires of a written exam and a colloquy in which the assistants demonstrate to be able to implement the measures of radiological protection in their labor environments. In their dictation participate professionals of the more high academic level (Ph.D.) and noted member specialists of the ARN. (Author)

  16. Czech Republic gross domestic product analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Kabelková, Renata

    2010-01-01

    The topic of my essay is the analysis of the gross domestic product of the Czech Republic in years 1999-2009. It consists of methodological and analytic parts. The methodological part describes basic terms needed to understand given issues. The analytic part details GDP of the Czech Republic in the monitored period. Analysis is made by comparisons between years and between quarters in constant prices of the previous year. Causes of development are described in detail including their positive ...

  17. Quantitative analysis of the effects of the exotic Argentine ant on seed-dispersal mutualisms

    OpenAIRE

    Rodriguez-Cabal, Mariano A.; Stuble, Katharine L.; Nuñez, Martin A.; Sanders, Nathan J.

    2009-01-01

    Although it is increasingly clear that exotic invasive species affect seed-dispersal mutualisms, a synthetic examination of the effect of exotic invasive species on seed-dispersal mutualisms is lacking. Here, we review the impacts of the invasive Argentine ant (Linepithema humile) on seed dispersal. We found that sites with L. humile had 92 per cent fewer native ant seed dispersers than did sites where L. humile was absent. In addition, L. humile did not replace native seed dispersers, as rat...

  18. The Limits of Liberalism in Argentine Provinces 1890-1940: An Analysis of Provincial Expenditures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter J Ross

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines the liberal grounded provincial societies of Argentina from 1890 to 1940. A close examination of provincial government expenditures reveals that these states spent most of their revenues on law and order and education with little being directed to social welfare and to health. This form of government was extremely limited, therefore, in providing for the welfare of most of its citizens, and left many of them excluded from full participation in the political, economic and social life of the nation. The type of liberalism espoused by the Argentine elites effectively undermined the very project of state building that they espoused and resulted in the Peronist revolution of the 1940s when the state, under the slogan of social justice, became much more interventionist in the areas of welfare, health and housing, and much more inclusionist with regard to the Argentine people as a whole. The liberal state, and this includes the provinces, became a victim of its own chosen limitations.

  19. Protocol to suspend the application of safeguards pursuant to the Agreement of 26 February 1976 between the Agency, the Government of the Federative Republic of Brazil and the Government of the Federal Republic of Germany in the light of the provisions for the application of safeguards pursuant to the Quadripartite Safeguards Agreement between Argentina, Brazil, the Brazilian-Argentine Agency for the Accounting and Control of Nuclear Materials and the IAEA

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The document reproduces the text of the Protocol of 16 October 1998 suspending the application of safeguards under the Safeguards Agreement (INFCIRC/237) of 26 February 1976 between the Agency, Brazil and the Federal Republic of Germany in the light of the provisions for the application of safeguards pursuant to the Quadripartite Safeguards Agreement between the Agency, Brazil, the Brazilian-Argentine Agency for the Accounting and Control of Nuclear Materials and the IAEA. The Protocol entered into force on 21 October 1999

  20. Analysis of unemployment in the Czech Republic

    OpenAIRE

    Neumannová, Lucie

    2012-01-01

    Bachelor thesis, whose name sounds like an analysis of unemployment in the Czech Republic is divided into two parts, theoretical and analytical part. In the theoretical part are processed and přiblíženy basic knowledge unemployment — the issue of unemployment, its definition and measurement, the different types and causes of unemployment, unemployment policy is described and finally approached the historical development of unemployment by the year 1999. The analytical part consists of three p...

  1. Technical-economic analysis of the 'Tandem' fuel cycle. A study of the Brazil-Argentine case

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Advanced fuel cycles, nuclear power reactors, are studied all over the world nowadays, mainly as a way of enhancing the use of nuclear fuel. Such goal is usually decomposed under tree main aspects: environmental, economical and strategic. The Tandem Cycle has demonstrated, under these aspects, to be one of the most promising options among the advanced cycles. This cycle deals, basically, with the reutilization of irradiated ('burned') fuel in PWR type reactors, in CANDU type reactors, as this fuel also contains about 1.5% of fissile material. Brazilian and Argentine nucleoelectric generation options are, coincidentally, in accordance with this option of advanced cycle. This work thus deals with the viability analysis, both technical and economic, of the implementation of a Tandem cycle between the brazilian reactor of Angra-I (PWR) and the argentine reactor of Embalse (CANDU). Tree options of Tandem Cycle have been analysed specifically for the reactors in question. For this analysis, a methodology was developed and a computer program was designed to analyse the technical and economical parts of these options. Besides, countless details have been considered, such as: the influence of actinide elements, test and adjustment of the nuclear data library utilized in the calculations, observation of the safety and control of the CANDU reactor operating on the Tandem Cycle, etc. Given the analyses done, the adoption of the Tandem Cycle-2, in which the fuel irradiated from the PWR is diluted in depleted uranium, was suggested for an occasional implementation of this option of advanced fuel cycle between the reactors of Angra-I and Embalse as a general conclusion of this work. (author)

  2. Situation of the Science Libraries in Argentine

    OpenAIRE

    Gómez, Nancy-Diana

    2000-01-01

    The purpose of this work is to introduce the present-day situation of the Libraries of Science in the Argentine Republic, emphasising on there possibilities of access to information. The first division that we can do in this area is: special libraries and academic libraries. This is our starting point. We also point out the Programs or Projects originated in the Ministry of Culture and Education that directly affect the present situation of academic libraries, like the University Interc...

  3. Circadian analysis of myocardial infarction incidence in an Argentine and Uruguayan population

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicola-Siri Leonardo

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The occurrence of variations in the spectrum of cardiovascular disease between different regions of the world and ethnic groups have been the subject of great interest. This study report the 24-h variation of myocardial infarction (MI occurrence in patients recruited from CCU located in Argentina and Uruguay. Methods A cohort of 1063 patients admitted to the CCU within 24 h of the onset of symptoms of an acute MI was examined. MI incidence along the day was computed in 1 h-intervals. Results A minimal MI incidence between 03:00 and 07:00 h and the occurrence of a first maximum between 08:00 and 12:00 h and a second maximum between 15:00 and 22:00 h were verified. The best fit curve was a 24 h cosinor (acrophase ~ 19:00 h, accounting for 63 % of variance together with a symmetrical gaussian bell (maximum at ~ 10:00 h, accounting for 37 % of variance. A similar picture was observed for MI frequencies among different excluding subgroups (older or younger than 70 years; with or without previous symptoms; diabetics or non diabetics; Q wave- or non-Q wave-type MI; anterior or inferior MI location. Proportion between cosinor and gaussian probabilities was maintained among most subgroups except for older patients who had more MI at the afternoon and patients with previous symptoms who were equally distributed among the morning and afternoon maxima. Conclusion The results support the existence of two maxima (at morning and afternoon hours in MI incidence in the Argentine and Uruguayan population.

  4. National law of the nuclear activity of the Argentine Republic. (Sanctioned on April 2, 1997 and partially promulgated on April 23, 1997; B.O. 25-Apr-1997)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Argentine National State, will establish the nuclear policy and perform the functions of research, development, regulation and supervision through two organisations, the National Atomic Energy Commission (CNEA) and the Nuclear Regulatory Authority (ARN). The National Atomic Energy Commission will continue to function as an autonomous entity, depending from the Ministry of Culture and Education of the Nation. Among the activities under its responsibility it will have to advise the National Executive Power on nuclear policy issues, promote the training of highly-specialised human resources, scientific and technological developments, execute development programs, promote programs for technological innovation, perform the responsibility for radiation waste management, etc. The Nuclear Regulatory Authority will act as an aunotomous entity in the jurisdiction of the Presidency of the Nation and will be responsible for the functions of regulation and control of the nuclear activity in everything which is related to radiological and nuclear safety, physical protection and control of the use of nuclear materials, nuclear facilities, licensing and international safeguards and give advise to the National Executive Power. Both institutions will depend from a Board of Directors composed by six members, one of which will be the Chairman and they will be responsible for the actions to comply with the objectives and functions mentioned above. In its last chapter, the law declares as subject to the privatisation the activities of nuclear energy generation presently developed by Nucleoelectrica Argentina Sociedad Anonima (NASA), as well as the Nuyclear Fuel Cycle used for the nuclear energy generation for industry or research and the Production of Radioisotopes developed by CNEA. This law revokes the articles numbers 2, 5, 9, 11, 16 and 17 of the Decree-Law N' 22.498/56 (B.O. 28-Dec-1956)

  5. Analysis of genetic diversity and population structure in Argentine and Bolivian Creole cattle using five loci related to milk production

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lirón J.P.

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Data from five protein-coding loci related to dairy production were used to study the genetic diversity and population structure of Argentine and Bolivian Creole cattle breeds. Genomic DNA was extracted from blood samples of six Creole cattle breeds: Argentine (n = 230, Patagonian (n = 25; "Saavedreño" (n = 140, "Chaqueño Boliviano" (n = 30, "Yacumeño" (n = 27, and "Chusco" (n = 11. kappa-casein, beta-lactoglobulin, growth hormone and prolactin were measured by PCR-RFLP, while alphaS1-casein was typed by PCR-ASO. The results are discussed, focusing on: historical origin, recent differentiation and selection events, Zebu gene introgression, and population structure. This work shows that: (i For the studied genes, the observed gene frequency profiles of Argentine and Bolivian Creole cattle breeds were close to the data reported for Iberian breeds and for other South-American Creole cattle breeds which are historically related; (ii although Zebu gene introgression has been reported at the studied loci, these breeds seem to be far from the Zebu gene frequency profiles; and (iii the Argentine and Bolivian Creole cattle showed significant levels of subdivision, but each population has maintained its degree of genetic variability.

  6. Agreement of 13 December 1991 between the Republic of Argentina, the Federative Republic of Brazil, the Brazilian-Argentine Agency for Accounting and Control of Nuclear Materials and the International Atomic Energy Agency for the applications of safeguards

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The document reproduces the text of an Agreement by exchange of letters with the Federative Republic of Brazil in connection with the Treaty for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean. The agreement reflected in the Exchange of Letters was approved by the Board of Governors on 10 June 1997 and entered into force on that date

  7. Cointegration analysis of purchasing power parity in Republic of Croatia

    OpenAIRE

    Ivan Kozul

    2013-01-01

    This paper examines the validity of purchasing power parity (PPP) hypothesis in the Republic of Croatia. The main aim is to test whether the PPP Theory holds in the case of the Republic of Croatia and whether the PPP Theory is an appropriate method on which monetary policy makers can rely in determining the size of the market exchange rate deviations from its long-run value. The PPP Theory in the Republic of Croatia has been tested using methods of cointegration analysis. Two cointegration te...

  8. Agreement of 13 December 1991 between the Republic of Argentina, the Federative Republic of Brazil, the Brazilian-Argentine Agency for Accounting and Control of Nuclear Materials and the International Atomic Energy Agency for the application of safeguards

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The document reproduces the text of the Exchange of Letters concerning an agreement with the Federative Republic of Brazil in connection with the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons and the Treaty for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean. The agreement reflected in the Exchange of Letters was approved by the Board of Governors on 20 September 1999, and entered into force on that date

  9. Detailed dosimetry and clinical outcome analysis for the argentine BNCT trials of cutaneous nodular melanomas

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Three female patients with biopsy-proven nodular melanoma were treated to six separate sites as part of the Phase I/II BNCT clinical trial conducted at the Comision Nacional de Energia Atomica (CNEA) and the Instituto A. Roffo, Argentina. This work reports on the detailed dosimetry for the clinical trials, and presents a preliminary analysis to investigate the possible influence of tumor size and total equivalent dose on the observed local tumor response. Also, the appropriateness of applying 3.5 tumor-to-blood 10B concentration ratio for the BPA compound in nodular melanoma cases is discussed. The statistical analysis showed that tumor response depends not only on the dose but also, and highly, on the tumor size. For these three patients, there was no significant difference between minimum and mean equivalent doses as explicative for tumor response. The collection of sixteen experimental-based tumor-to-blood ratios determined by CNEA in nodular melanoma patients derived an average value and standard deviation of 2.5 ± 0.6. This result suggests that a lower ratio could be more suitable for estimating the clinical dosimetry. It is also consistent with the worse tumor control rate in nodular melanomas observed by other researchers. (author)

  10. The application of radioisotopes in the Argentine technology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The different applications of radioisotopes: as sealed sources or tracers, as well as activation analysis have cast a new light on Argentine engineering and industry. The Argentine Atomic Energy Commission is carrying out an active plan for the developement and promotion of these techniques since the 60's. This report describes and analyzes the most outstanding applications, and brings up to date other previous papers on the same subject. It suggests some ideas for achieving a complete penetration of radioisotope techniques into Argentine technology. It also outlines some future perspectives, based on present statistical data. (author)

  11. Analysis for making a regulatory decision to equipment of industrial gammagraphy in Argentin

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Industrial gammagraphy is a practice widely used as a nondestructive testing technique in Argentina. Experience worldwide has shown the need for an improvement in the intrinsic safety of the equipment used in this lab. In response to this reason, the board of the Nuclear Regulatory Authority (ARN) has considered a proposal to withdraw service movement and much of the equipment inventory scan belonging to industrial facilities nationwide. The main objective of this paper is to present the results of the analysis performed to support the above proposal. The main elements of evaluation can be summarized as follows: I) the teams that do not conform to international recommendations regarding compliance with key safety requirements of international standards such as ISO 3999:2004 (E) Radiation protection - Industrial Apparatus for gamma radiography - Specifications for performance, design and tests ; II) the decision by some manufacturers to discontinue production of certain models of equipment and the provision of spare parts, and III) the validity of certificates bulk type B (U) for transport. In conclusion, it highlights the importance of a regulatory decision supplementary to the Standard AR 7.9.1 concerning the operation of scan equipment industry, based on current international recommendations and Argentina's commitment to good practice and safety culture which can lead to a positive impact on radiation safety in this art

  12. COINTEGRATION ANALYSIS OF PURCHASING POWER PARITY IN REPUBLIC OF CROATIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivan Kozul

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines the validity of purchasing power parity (PPP hypothesis in the Republic of Croatia. The main aim is to test whether the PPP Theory holds in the case of the Republic of Croatia and whether the PPP Theory is an appropriate method on which monetary policy makers can rely in determining the size of the market exchange rate deviations from its long-run value. The PPP Theory in the Republic of Croatia has been tested using methods of cointegration analysis. Two cointegration tests have been applied: Engle-Granger test and ADL test. The existence of the long-run relationship between the price level in the EMU (expressed in Croatian Kuna and the price level in the Republic of Croatia has been tested using monthly observations of average nominal Croatian Kuna exchange rate against Euro, Consumer Prices Index in the Republic of Croatia (2005=100 and the Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices for the European Monetary Union (2005=100 in the period from January 2000. to December 2012. Based on the Engle-Granger test, it can't be concluded if there is a long-run relationship between the two price levels. The non-existence of the long-run relationship between two price levels has also been confirmed by the ADL cointegration test. Thus, on the basis of the cointegration tests it can be concluded that the PPP hypothesis in the Republic of Croatia has not been confirmed.

  13. Analysis of demand for travel insurance in Czech Republic

    OpenAIRE

    Kaiserová, Jana

    2009-01-01

    Bachelor's thesis is dealing with analysis of travel insurance and helth insurance of foreigners in Czech Republic. First part of thesis analyse theoretical terms and define these insuraces on czech insurance market. At the same time it is dealing with their analyse in detail. Second part is focused on analysis travel insurance and health insurance of foreigners on the czech market.

  14. Argentine republic intercomparation programme for personal dosimetry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    During the years 1997, 1998 and 1999 it was hold in Argentina, sponsored by Autoridad Regulatoria Nuclear (ARN) the first part of the intercomparison programme for personal dosimetry laboratories. The first aim of this programme was to know the true state of personal dosimetry laboratories in the country, and then to introduce the personal dose equivalent, Hp(10) into the dose measurements and to analyse the angular response of the different measuring systems. The personal dosimetry laboratories are 20, 12 of them belong to the government and the rest are private, they are distributed over all the country. The dosimetric detection systems are based, at a similar proportion, on TLD and films. The Physical Dosimetry Laboratory of ARN takes part in the programme as a verification laboratory. The dosimeters were irradiated in the Regional Reference Centre for Dosimetry of the Comision Nacional de Energia Atomica and in the ARN in radiation X beams, ISO WIDE SERIES W60, W110, W200 and Cs-137 and Co-60 sources. The dosimeters irradiations were performed kerma free in air and in phantom in order to study the availability of the service to evaluate the behaviour as a function of kerma free in air or the personal dose equivalent, Hp(10). The beam incidence was normal and also 20deg and 60deg. In order to know the operational conditions in each service for the dose assessment in normal and accidental situations high and low doses have been given to the dosimeters. At the same time several items have been asked to each participant referring to the action range, the detector characteristics, the availability of laboratory procedures, the existence of an algorithm and its use for the dosimeter evaluation and the wish to participate in a quality assurance programme. In this work the results of each laboratory and its performance based on the ICRP 60 and ICRP 35 acceptance criteria are shown. Also, the laboratory evolution and inquiry analyses have been included. At the same time suggestions for a better performance and the tendencies are presented. (author)

  15. Analysis of radiation situation in the Republic of Kazakhstan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the paper the analysis of radiation situation in the republic is carried out. It is noted, that the country posses the first place in the world by the nuclear explosions density per country's squire unit. The Semipalatinsk region remains to be the most unsuccessful in republic by the general parameters both health status and morbidity. In formation of radiation loads on Kazakhstan's population a huge uranium ore resources is taking place as well. Presence of uranium anomalies on the territory results the increased doses of natural radionuclides in the drinking water, increased radon emanation from soil and it release into the atmosphere. During few last years in the republic a certain work by the radiation situation improving is fulfilled. Up present time the serious problem of radioactive wastes disposal remains

  16. Biohydrometallurgy perspectives in the Argentine mining industry. Analysis of results obtained from copper, cobalt, nickel, manganese, silver and uranium recuperation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The application of biotechnology principles to metals recuperation from minerals or industrial wastes is a recent technology. It essentially consists in the utilization of bacteria which act as catalysts of metallic sulfur oxidation. This oxidation directly or indirectly produces soluble products from compounds present in the insoluble minerals in the lixiviating fluids media, as copper, cobalt, nickel sulfurs, uranium (IV) oxide and manganese (IV) oxide. The results obtained using Thiobacillus ferrooxidans and Thiobacillus thiooxidans bacteria permitted to establish the application of this technique to the Argentine minerals. The main advantages of the bacterian lixiviation lie upon its application to low content minerals, at low installation and operating costs and at important effects absence of environmental contamination. (Author)

  17. Analysis of food industry in Republic of Macedonia

    OpenAIRE

    Fotov, Risto; Lazarov, Darko

    2011-01-01

    Based on scientific research, the aim of this paper is economic analysis of food industry in Republic of Macedonia, from two points of view. First, we will see how the food industry influences onthe economic performance from an macroeconomic aspect, and second, we will try to get deepmicroeconomic analysis of food industry. When we speak about microanalysis we think of costs of production, investment and return of investment in food industry, analysis the influence of human capital and techno...

  18. The analysis of unemployment in the Czech Republic

    OpenAIRE

    Hafenrichterová, Alena

    2012-01-01

    The thesis titled The analysis of unemployment in the Czech Republic is focused on current issues in the labour market and the analysis of unemployment in the period from 2000 to 2010. The first part of the Bachelor thesis describes in more detail the characteristics of the labour market and unemployment from the standpoint of economic theory. Describing basic concepts, different types of unemployment and how to measure unemployment. The second part deals with a brief characteristic...

  19. The Republic of Tatartsan Petrochemical Complex Value Chain Structure Analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Safina Aida Anasovna

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this article is to study a redistributive process within a cluster, and the structural analysis of expenses which resulted development of a new model of finished products expenses structure analysis, and the studies of pricing by the main technological conversions on the example of petrochemical complex of the Republic of Tatarstan. It gives an economic assessment of efficiency of a petrochemical complex of the Republic of Tatarstan and quantitative calculation of reserves and the limits of products' cost reduction, as well as it reveals a financial stock of "durability" of a competitive position of a cluster in the region, that is expenses growth potential of the complex which won't cause critical loss of competitive edge. The offered technique promptly and visually analyzes the final product pricing in terms of conversions, and prime cost and profit elements.

  20. Analysis of the Industry Potential in Republic of Moldova

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Larisa BUGAIAN

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available This article identifies several competitive sectors of the economy that have potential to lead to sustainable economic growth for Republic of Moldova. Sectors were chosen for analysis combining quantitative and qualitative methods. A pool of sectors was selected based on export and sales performance over the last eight years. The final decision of the top sectors was based on the qualitative factors such as prevalence of the SMEs in the sector, gender makeup of the workforce and the regional presence, as well as employment levels and sales growth. The results of analysis showed that following industrial sectors: wine; textiles and apparel; information and communication technology; footwear; construction materials and furniture have the most potential for contributing to transformational growth in the Republic of Moldova economy.

  1. Argentine radiation protection society

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Argentine Radiation Protection Society (SAR) is a non profit society, member of IRPA. It was originally launched in 1987 and a formal constitution was adopted in 1983. Presently, SAR has 220 active members, professionals and technicians dedicated to a variety of disciplines related to different radiation protection aspects: medicine, industry, research and teaching. The basic SAR objectives are: to promote research and knowledge exchange on radiation protection topics and related disciplines; to promote the comprehension of radiation protection criteria with regard to existence and handling of radioactive and fissile materials and any other radiation sources; to foster the conception of radiation protection as a professional discipline and to contribute to its permanent improvement; to promote the diffusion of the information related to all radiation protection and nuclear safety aspects, and radiation protection standards and recommendations, not only within the scientific, technical and academic areas, but also to general public

  2. Analysis of production and consumption of beer in Czech Republic

    OpenAIRE

    Zamrzlová, Jiřina

    2013-01-01

    This bachelor thesis deals with the analysis of production, consumption, export and import of beer in the Czech Republic in the years 1990 - 2011. The lengths of the time period of the individual indicators vary according to availability of the necessary data. The aim of this work is to assess the development of these indicators and predict their value for the year 2012. The theoretical work introduces to the problems of brewing and describes the origins of beer and Czech brewing, present ...

  3. Multiple oscillatory modes of the Argentine Basin. Part II. The spectral origin of the basin modes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Weijer, W.; Vevier, F.; Gille, S.T.; Dijkstra, H.A.

    2007-01-01

    In this paper the spectrum of barotropic basin modes of the Argentine Basin is shown to be connected to the classical Rossby basin modes of a flat-bottom (constant depth), rectangular basin. First, the spectrum of basin modes is calculated for the Argentine Basin, by performing a normal-mode analysi

  4. ¿Democracia sindical en Argentina?: Un análisis sobre sus condiciones y posibilidades Democracy in unions argentine?: An analysis about their conditions and possibilities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luisina P. Radiciotti

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available El artículo plantea una reflexión teórica sobre algunos de los factores involucrados en la temática de la democracia en las organizaciones sindicales. Partimos de preguntarmos si existe un proceso de democratización en el sindicalismo argentino para esbozar distintos aspectos vinculados a un campo de estudio complejo y de escaso abordaje empírico (Bensusán, 2000. En este sentido, diferentes interrogantes guiaron nuestra labor exploratoria para plantear un debate que pretendió retomar diversas perspectivas teóricas e interpretativas sobre las posibilidades y los obstáculos que deben considerarse para reflexionar sobre la democracia sindical en nuestro país.This paper proposes a theoretical analysis about on some of the factors related with the thematic of democracy in unions. We wonder if there is a process of democratization in the Argentine unions (Bensusán, 2000 for reflect about several aspects linked to a complex field of study that presents scanty empirical research. In this sense, different questions guide our exploratory work to debate about the opportunities and obstacles that present in union democracy in Argentina. For that, we analized varied theoretical and interpretive perspectives.

  5. Irradiation of Argentine (U,Pu)O 2 MOX fuels. Post-irradiation results and experimental analysis with the BACO code

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marino, Armando Carlos; Pérez, Edmundo; Adelfang, Pablo

    1996-04-01

    The irradiation of the first Argentine prototypes of pressurized heavy water reactor (PHWR) (U,Pu)O 2 MOX fuels began in 1986. These experiments were carried out in the High Flux Reactor (HFR)-Petten, Holland. The rods were prepared and controlled in the CNEA's α Facility. The postirradiation examinations were performed in the Kernforschungszentrum, Karlsruhe, Germany and in the Joint Research Center (JRC), Petten. The first rod has been used for destructive pre-irradiation analysis. The second one as a pathfinder to adjust systems in the HFR. Two additional rods including iodine doped pellets were intended to simulate 15 000 MWd/T(M) burnup. The remaining two rods were irradiated until 15 000 MWd/T(M). One of them underwent a final ramp with the aim of verifying fabrication processes and studying the behaviour under power transients. BACO (BArra COmbustible) code was used to define the power histories and to analyse the experiments. This paper presents a description of the different experiments and a comparison between the results of the postirradiation examinations and the BACO outputs.

  6. Argentine National Pharmacopoeia (Argentine Codex Medicamentarius). 6. ed., suppl. 1982.

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Standards of mandatory application, established by Law No. 22729 of February, 1983, on radiopharmaceuticals and radiosterilization of products for medical use, issued as a supplement to the text of the Argentine National Pharmacopoeia. In particular, the general characteristics, identification and purity tests, radioactivity valuation, top date of utilization, and form of conservation of different radiopharmaceuticals are described. (C.A.K.)

  7. Characterization of the neutron flow for the implementation of an experimental analysis installation for rapid gamma activation in the Argentine Research Reactor RA-6

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This is the final work to obtain a Diploma on Specialization in Application of Nuclear Technological Energy, carried out at the Research Reactor RA-6, from March to December 1999. Different work has been realized on the Tangential Tube N of the 500 KW Argentine RA-6 research reactor, in order to add a new technique to the present existing analytical methods. This Prompt Gamma Neutron Activation Analysis technique (PGNAA) requires a beam of collimated thermal neutrons, a lowest possible gamma radiation, and a thermal component of the biggest possible cadmium rate. It also must have a high resolution detection system for the measurement of the gamma radiation emitted after the capture of the neutron produced in the study sample. Continuing with the facility's technical requirements, a collimator was installed inside the N passing tube, in order to concentrate the neutrons coming from the nuclear core and also to compensate possible losses during the path. This collimator is 440mm long and 200 mm in diameter and consists of lead and steel cylinders with different size holes on the inside, so that it can deliver a 50 mm diameter beam of thermal collimated neutrons. Two 100 mm thick bismuth filters are inside the passing tube, to reduce the gamma component inside de beam, coming from the reactor core. This work aims to the characterization of the thermal and epithermal component of the neutron beam in the collimator and at the exit of it , and also to prove experimentally that the collimator achieves the technical specifications for which it was designed and built, specifically by verifying its functioning (degree of convergence of the beam obtained). On the other hand, it is necessary to learn about the PGNAA technique in order to define the technical requirements for its adequate operation. (author)

  8. Genetic variability and population structure in loci related to milk production traits in native Argentine Creole and commercial Argentine Holstein cattle

    OpenAIRE

    C.D. Golijow; G. Giovambattista; M.V. Rípoli; F.N. Dulout; M.M. Lojo

    1999-01-01

    Many cattle breeds have been subjected to high selection pressure for production traits. Consequently, population genetic structure and allelic distribution could differ in breeds under high selection pressure compared to unselected breeds. Analysis of k-casein, aS1-casein and prolactin gene frequencies was made for Argentine Creole (AC) and Argentine Holstein (AH) cattle herds. The calculated FST values measured the degree of genetic differentiation of subpopulations, depending on the varian...

  9. From 1962 the teaching of Methodology of Radioisotopes is continuous in the University of Buenos Aires of the Argentine Republic; Desde 1962 la ensenanza de Metodologia de Radioisotopos es continua en la Universidad de Buenos Aires de la Republica Argentina

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rivera, E.; Cremaschi, G.; Martin, G.; Zubillaga, M.; Cricco, G.; Davio, C.; Genaro, A.; Bianchin, A.; Mohamad, N.; Klecha, A.; Calmanovici, G.; Goldman, G.; Salgueiro, J.; Nunez, M.; Medina, V.; Gutierrez, A.; Leonardi, N.; Bergoc, R. [Laboratorio de Radioisotopos, Facultad de Farmacia y Bioquimica, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Junin 956, 1113- Buenos Aires (Argentina)]. e-mail: rmbergoc@arnet.com.ar

    2006-07-01

    methodologies is dictated. Formation of university extension: f) Methodology of Radioisotopes like Technicature. From 1962, the training of technicians was made parallel to that of professionals. From 1997 a Specific Course of Technicians in Nuclear Medicine is dictated, with an own curricular organization and chord to the basic formation of the assistants and its particular professional expectation. All the courses are credited by the Argentine Nuclear Regulatory Authority (ARN). The approval requires of a written exam and a colloquy in which the assistants demonstrate to be able to implement the measures of radiological protection in their labor environments. In their dictation participate professionals of the more high academic level (Ph.D.) and noted member specialists of the ARN. (Author)

  10. The evolution of tax evasion in the Czech Republic: a Markov chain analysis

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Hanousek, Jan; Palda, F.

    Bern: Peter Lang, 2007 - (Hayoz, N.; Hug, S.), s. 327-360 ISBN 978-3-03910-651-6 Institutional research plan: CEZ:MSM0021620846 Keywords : tax evasion * Markov chain analysis * Czech Republic Subject RIV: AH - Economics

  11. Appropriating "modernization" – indigenous anti-hegemonic resistance in the Argentine Chaco

    OpenAIRE

    S. Weißermel

    2014-01-01

    The incorporation of indigenous territories into the Argentine Republic must be considered as a complex process of colonization which encompassed space, the word and the body. It enabled the dominant settler society to establish socioeconomic and sociocultural hegemony. The example of the Toba community in Clorinda elucidates the extent to which hegemonic worldviews have infiltrated their self-perception and produced the barrio (urban district) and the campo (rural area), as...

  12. THE ANALYSIS OF EMPLOYMENT DYNAMICS IN THE CHECHEN REPUBLIC BY EDUCATION LEVEL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ilyasov R. H.

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Analysis of the problems of employment and unemployment are relevant in any society. Special attention is paid to the issues of employment in postconflict economy of the Chechen Republic. The article examines the structure of employment by level of education in the Chechen Republic from 2006 to 2013. Changes in the shares of the employed by level of education are analyzed with respect to the average trends in Russia

  13. THE ANALYSIS OF EMPLOYMENT DYNAMICS IN THE CHECHEN REPUBLIC BY EDUCATION LEVEL

    OpenAIRE

    Ilyasov R. H.

    2015-01-01

    Analysis of the problems of employment and unemployment are relevant in any society. Special attention is paid to the issues of employment in postconflict economy of the Chechen Republic. The article examines the structure of employment by level of education in the Chechen Republic from 2006 to 2013. Changes in the shares of the employed by level of education are analyzed with respect to the average trends in Russia

  14. Analysis of non-cash Transactions in the Czech Republic

    OpenAIRE

    Boučková, Petra

    2010-01-01

    The thesis is focused on non-cash payments. It is divided into theoretical and practical part. The theoretical part describes the historical development of payment cards and forms that are accessible to the citizens. There are described current news and trends in non-cash payments. The practical part is focused on the development of non-cash transaction in the Czech Republic and comparison of the Member States of the European Union with Czech Republic. Attention is also given access to banks ...

  15. Analysis of possible gas sector economic regulation in the Republic of Croatia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Energy laws made effective by the Croatian Parliament in July 2001 introduce the term energy service regulation. The significance of the energy and thus also gas sector is expected to grow, particularly after the Republic of Croatia has joined the European Union. This paper sets forth elements relating to gas sector regulation and the analysis of possible gas sector economic regulation in the Republic of Croatia. The paper is a result of a one-year study of the Energy Institute Hrvoje Pozar and foreign consulting firms Petroleum Development Consultants and Economic Consulting Associates from London on gas tariff models (transportation and distribution). The study was commissioned by the Ministry of Economic Affairs of the Republic of Croatia. Based on the experience, questions arose appertaining to gas sector regulation in the Republic of Croatia, which then led to the elaboration of this paper. (author)

  16. Dominican Republic - Environmental Priorities and Strategic Options : Country Environmental Analysis

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank

    2004-01-01

    This report discusses the affects of rapid economic growth and increased urbanization on the environmental quality of the Dominican Republic's natural resource base (e.g., water resources management--water quality, quantity and watershed management and solid waste collection and disposal have become major environmental concerns). It notes that the lack of systematic data limits an accurat...

  17. Influencia de compuestos azúcares y no azúcares en la calidad industrial de caña de azúcar en Tucumán (R. Argentina: Parte 1: caña limpia y despuntada Influence of sugar and nonsugar compounds on sugarcane industrial quality in Tucumán (Argentine Republic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B. Silvia Zossi

    Full Text Available Se estudió la concentración de compuestos azúcares y no azúcares, especialmente los que influyen en la formación del color y otros que inciden en el proceso industrial de producción de azúcar blanco directo, de las cuatro variedades comerciales de caña más difundidas en Tucumán (R. Argentina: TUCCP 77-42, LCP 85-384, CP 65-357 y RA 87-3. Estos ensayos fueron realizados durante las zafras 2004 a 2007 en caña limpia y despuntada. Los parámetros analizados fueron: extracción de jugo, Brix %, pol % en jugo y en caña, sacarosa y azúcar recuperable. Se estudiaron no azúcares inorgánicos, tales como cenizas, fosfato y sílice, y no azúcares orgánicos: fibra, almidón, compuestos antocianos y fenoles, nitrógeno amínico, ácidos cis y trans-aconítico, "indicator value" y color. De las cuatro variedades analizadas, la que mejor comportamiento presentó para producir azúcar blanco directo fue LCP 85-384, por su alto contenido en sacarosa y bajo contenido de componentes no azúcares. El segundo lugar le correspondió a la variedad RA 87-3, seguida por CP 65-357 y TUCCP 77-42.The concentration of sugar and nonsugar compounds, especially those which play a part in colour formation and others which affect direct white sugar manufacturing process, was studied in the four commercial cane varieties most widely grown in Tucumán (Argentine Republic: TUCCP 77-42, LCP 85-384, CP 65-357 and RA 87-3. Trials with clean cane were conducted during the 2004-2007 harvests. Analyzed parameters were: juice extraction, Brix %, pol % in juice and cane, sucrose and sugar recovery. Inorganic nonsugar compounds, such as ash, phosphate and silica, as well as organic ones, such as fibre, starch, anthocyanin and phenolic compounds, amino nitrogen, cis and trans-aconitic acids, indicator value and colour, were studied. Results showed that LCP 85-384 variety had the best factory performance to produce direct white sugar because of its high sucrose and low

  18. Analysis of Traffic Accidents in the Area of Small Towns in the Republic of Croatia

    OpenAIRE

    Višnjić, Vinko; Pušić, Marko

    2009-01-01

    The safety of road traffic in small towns in the Republic of Croatia is not at a satisfactory level. As proof, the safety of road traffic participants in the area of the town of Nova Gradiška and its wider environment has been studied and analyzed. The paper includes the available data in the period from 2000 to 2007. The analysis and the assessment of road traffic safety can be applied also to other towns and counties of the Republic of Croatia. Having in mind that there are 531 settlements ...

  19. CORPORATE GOVERNANCE IN THE REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA AND THE REPUBLIC OF ALBANIA: A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS

    OpenAIRE

    Brikend Aziri; Izet Zeqiri; Jeton Mazllami

    2012-01-01

    In the last few decades corporations have grown to become the most important and widely spread form of business organization and therefore there has been an increased interest in their study all over the world. Parallel with this there has been an increased interest in the study of corporate governance. The main purpose of this paper is not to give an extensive review of the theoretical concepts regarding corporations and corporate governance, but rather to introduce a comparative analysis of...

  20. SWOT ANALYSIS OF THE REPUBLIC OF CROATIA AS AN INVESTMENT DESTINATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martina Hedda Sola

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Research has shown that foreign direct investments benefit the economic development of a host country. However, numerous examples of an inadequate investment structure point to the possible damages for an economic, as well as socio- political development of a country. The purpose of this paper is to looks into the structure of total foreign direct investments realised in the Republic of Croatia and, by using scientific methods, analyse the importance and the effect of foreign direct investments on the Croatian economy. Through following world’s the best practice, the paper offers a comparative analysis of the Republic of Croatia and the countries of the region, with the purpose of identifying the institutional obstacles for investment and producing a detailed SWOT analysis of the Republic of Croatia as an investment destination. Despite numerous existing conventions and protocols, a desired degree of adjustment to international conventions has not yet been achieved, which hinders investment. The Government should create a protection mechanism in order to keep the investors in the times of crisis, as well as policy of attracting the strategically oriented investments that will facilitate long-term economic growth. The first method through which it is possible to define a strategy of attracting strategically oriented investments into the economy, is the qualitative identification of the Republic of Croatia as an investment destination through SWOT analysis.

  1. Intercomparison program of personal dosemeters in the Argentine Republic

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    During 1997, under the auspices of the Nuclear Regulatory Authority (ARN), its was held the third exercise of intercomparison of laboratories of personal dosimetry. The dosemeters were irradiated in X-ray beams ISO quality W60, W110, W200 and gamma sources cesium 137 and cobalt 60. The irradiation were performed kerma free in air and in phantom in order to study the capacity to evaluate both conditions. An extent range of doses (low-high) have been given 0.3 mSv- 20mSv in order to determine the operative performance o each laboratory. Over 19 laboratories of Argentina, participated 13 (65%) and finished the intercomparison 12 (60%) of them. The systems of dosimetry detection were based on film and TLD. During this intercomparison as inquiry about several items related with the laboratories have been made. In this work are shown the individual laboratory results of the intercomparison related with the acceptance curve criteria ICRP 60 and 55. (author)

  2. Chemical quality of different argentine honey varieties, irradiated to control american foulbrood

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    'American foulbrood' is a disease that seriously affects bees. Honey may be contaminated with spores of the related bacteria, Paenibacillus larvae larvae, which is a great drawback for trade. The scientific literature reports that these spores, resistant to heat and chemicals, are inactivated in honey when it is irradiated al 10 kGy, being this treatment mandatory in the Republic of Southafrica. Irradiated food wholesomeness is endorsed by the World Health Organization. Considering that Argentina is an important honey producer and exporter, the aim of this work was to evaluate the effect of ionizing radiation on some of its commercial chemical parameters along storage time. Honeys with different characteristics, coming from five different regions of the country: Middle, Patagonia, North, Litoral, Humid Pampa, were provided by producers from a commission called 'Packaged honey' of the National Food, Fishery and Agriculture Ministry. Fifteen kg of each honey variety were packaged in 500 g polypropylene recipes with polyethylene lids, and irradiated at the semi industrial cobalt-60 facility of the Ezeiza Atomic Center, 500,000 Ci of activity, with doses of 0, 10 and 20 kilo Grays. Control and irradiated samples were stored at room temperature for 10 months. Some standardized chemical analysis required by the Argentine Food Code (AFC) were performed on the first, fourth and tenth storage months: water content, acidity, diastase content, reducing sugars, and hydroxymethylfurfural. Reducing sugars and diastase activity slightly diminished, and acidity slightly increased, along storage which is typical in this product; no significant differences were found between control and irradiated samples. Hydroxymethylfurfural values, related to aging or thermal abuse, diminished slightly though significantly due to irradiation, which would not affect the product quality as regulations require not to surpass a maximum value, 40 mg/kg in the AFC. So ionizing

  3. Materials flow analysis of neodymium, status of rare earth metal in the Republic of Korea.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swain, Basudev; Kang, Leeseung; Mishra, Chinmayee; Ahn, JoongWoo; Hong, Hyun Seon

    2015-11-01

    Materials flow analysis of neodymium, status of rare earth elements (REEs) in the Republic of Korea has been investigated. Information from various resources like the Korean Ministry of Environment, Korea international trade association, United Nations Commodity Trade Statistics Database and from individual industry were collected and analyzed for materials flow analysis of neodymium. Demand of neodymium in the Republic of Korea for the year 2010 was 409.5 tons out of which the majority of neodymium, i.e., 68.41% was consumed by domestic electronics industry followed by medical appliances manufacturing (13.36%). The Republic Korea is one of the biggest consumer and leading exporter of these industrial products, absolutely depends on import of neodymium, as the country is lacking natural resources. The Republic of Korea has imported 325.9 tons of neodymium permanent magnet and 79.5 tons of neodymium containing equipment parts mainly for electronics, medical appliances, and heavy/light vehicles manufacturing industry. Out of which 95.4 tons of neodymium permanent magnet get exported as an intermediate product and 140.6 tons of neodymium in the form of consumable products get exported. Worldwide the neodymium is at the high end of supply chain critical metal because of increasing demand, scarcity and irreplaceable for technological application. To bring back the neodymium to supply stream the recycling of end of life neodymium-bearing waste can be a feasible option. Out of total domestic consumption, only 21.9 tons of neodymium have been collected and subsequently recycled. From material flow analysis, the requirement for an efficient recycling system and element-wise material flow management for these REEs in the Republic of Korea were realized and recommended. PMID:26210233

  4. Analysis of selected areas of tax administration of the Czech republic

    OpenAIRE

    Ryšavá, Šárka

    2009-01-01

    The aim of this bachelor thesis "Analysis of selected areas of tax administration of the Czech republic" is a descriptive and quantitative analysis of tax administration, its participants and introduction to the upcoming modernization of tax administration. The work is divided into three chapters, the first deals with the participants in the tax proceedings. The second chapter is focused on tax administration. The last chapter summarizes the active steps of modernization and the steps which a...

  5. An in-depth analysis of pharmaceutical regulation in the Republic of Moldova

    OpenAIRE

    Ferrario, Alessandra; Sautenkova, Nina; Bezverhni, Zinaida; Seicas, Rita; Habicht, Jarno; Kanavos, Panos; Safta, Vladimir

    2014-01-01

    Objective Regulation of the pharmaceutical system is a crucial, yet often neglected, component in ensuring access to safe and effective medicines. The aim of this study was to provide an in-depth analysis of the existing pharmaceutical regulation, including recent changes, in the Republic of Moldova. Methods Data from field work conducted by the World Health Organization (WHO) together with a review of policy documents and quantitative secondary data analysis was used to achieve th...

  6. A multi-criteria analysis of the banking system in the Republic of Croatia

    OpenAIRE

    Visnja Vojvodic Rosenzweig; Hrvoje Volarevic; Mario Varovic

    2013-01-01

    This paper analysis business strategies of banks by solving a goal programming model using a multi-criteria decision making approach. Multi-criteria business performance is represented as the weighted sum of selected indicators, and the weights or importance of the indicators are a solution of the corresponding problem of goal programming. The ten biggest commercial banks (according to size of balance sheet assets) in the Republic of Croatia were chosen. For an analysis of the operations of t...

  7. The worldwide expansion of the Argentine ant

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vogel, Valerie; Pedersen, Jes Søe; Giraud, Tatiana;

    2010-01-01

    the native range) and secondary introductions (from sites with established invasive supercolonies) were important in the global expansion of the Argentine ant. In combination with the similar social organization of colonies in the native and introduced range, this indicates that invasiveness did not...

  8. Analysis of Sovereign Risk Market Indicators: The Case of the Czech Republic

    OpenAIRE

    Zlatuse Komarkova; Jitka Lesanovska; Lubos Komarek

    2013-01-01

    In this article we discuss the credit default swap (CDS) as an indicator for measuring sovereign credit risk and the relationship between the sovereign CDS market and government bond market. We analyze the links between the sovereign CDS and sovereign yield spread and try to determine which of these markets is the leading one in the price discovery process in the case of the Czech Republic. We then apply quantile analysis to sovereign CDS spreads to demonstrate the cross-country spillover eff...

  9. Critical analysis of valuation report elements in the Republic of Slovenia

    OpenAIRE

    Rogelj, Boštjan

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this thesis is to present the legal regulations in the field of real estate appraisers work in the Republic of Slovenia and afterwards analyze a sample of publicly available valuation reports based on my own evaluation form, in order to determine their suitability and to carry out comparison between obtained results and the results of the analysis already presented. At first are presented legal regulations allready in use, specially the International Valuation Standards and Slo...

  10. Efficiency analysis of commercial grape-producing family farms in the Republic of Macedonia

    OpenAIRE

    Manevska-Tasevska, Gordana

    2011-01-01

    An empirical analysis was conducted on the efficiency of commercial grape-producing family farms in the Republic of Macedonia in order to examine how farm performance is influenced by selected aspects of the current Rural Development Programme (RDP) (2007-2013). The emphasis was on Macedonian grape production on family farms and on instruments for more efficient use of resources, production modernisation, vine revitalisation, and the knowledge and managerial capacity of Macedonian grape growe...

  11. Human Reliability Analysis in Frame of Probabilistic Safety Assessment Projects in Czech Republic

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Human reliability analysis has proved to be a very important part of probabilistic safety analysis all over the world. It has been also an integral part of both Probabilistic Safety Level-1 studies developed in Czech Republic - Nuclear Power Plant Dukovany Probabilistic Safety Assessment and Nuclear Power Plant Temelin Probabilistic Safety Assessment and most of their consequent applications. The methodology used in human reliability analysis in frame of these studies is described in the first part of the paper. In general, the methodology is based on the well-known and most frequently used methods Technique for Human Error Rate Prediction and ASEP. The up-to-date decision tree method is used to address procedure-driven operator's interventions during plant response to initiating event. Some interesting results of human reliability analysis performed for Nuclear Power Plant Dukovany are described in the second part of the paper. The recommendations resulting from the analysis led to the standardization of some, up to that time, non-standard operator's actions and to the development of procedures for them. Generally, the procedures were found to be deficient from several points of view, what contributed to the decision to develop quite new emergency procedures for Nuclear Power Plant Dukovany. The human reliability analysis projects going on or planned for the very next future are described in the final part of the paper. safety analysis; risk assessment; reliability; nuclear power plants; human factors; errors; Czech Republic; operators; emergencies;

  12. Leveraging the Potential of Argentine Cities

    OpenAIRE

    Muzzini, Elisa; Eraso Puig, Beatriz; Anapolsky, Sebastian; Lonnberg, Tara; Mora, Viviana

    2016-01-01

    OVERVIEW. FULL BOOK EXPECTED IN JUNE 2016. Argentina’s path to economic prosperity is through efficient, sustainable and economically thriving cities. Not only are cities a spatial concentration of people, but also they generate agglomeration economies by concentrating ideas, talent, and knowledge. Argentina is one of the most urbanized countries in Latin America, with 90 percent of Argentine people currently living in cities. Argentina’s cities are geographically and economically diverse, an...

  13. Draft genome of the globally widespread and invasive Argentine ant (Linepithema humile).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Christopher D; Zimin, Aleksey; Holt, Carson; Abouheif, Ehab; Benton, Richard; Cash, Elizabeth; Croset, Vincent; Currie, Cameron R; Elhaik, Eran; Elsik, Christine G; Fave, Marie-Julie; Fernandes, Vilaiwan; Gadau, Jürgen; Gibson, Joshua D; Graur, Dan; Grubbs, Kirk J; Hagen, Darren E; Helmkampf, Martin; Holley, Jo-Anne; Hu, Hao; Viniegra, Ana Sofia Ibarraran; Johnson, Brian R; Johnson, Reed M; Khila, Abderrahman; Kim, Jay W; Laird, Joseph; Mathis, Kaitlyn A; Moeller, Joseph A; Muñoz-Torres, Monica C; Murphy, Marguerite C; Nakamura, Rin; Nigam, Surabhi; Overson, Rick P; Placek, Jennifer E; Rajakumar, Rajendhran; Reese, Justin T; Robertson, Hugh M; Smith, Chris R; Suarez, Andrew V; Suen, Garret; Suhr, Elissa L; Tao, Shu; Torres, Candice W; van Wilgenburg, Ellen; Viljakainen, Lumi; Walden, Kimberly K O; Wild, Alexander L; Yandell, Mark; Yorke, James A; Tsutsui, Neil D

    2011-04-01

    Ants are some of the most abundant and familiar animals on Earth, and they play vital roles in most terrestrial ecosystems. Although all ants are eusocial, and display a variety of complex and fascinating behaviors, few genomic resources exist for them. Here, we report the draft genome sequence of a particularly widespread and well-studied species, the invasive Argentine ant (Linepithema humile), which was accomplished using a combination of 454 (Roche) and Illumina sequencing and community-based funding rather than federal grant support. Manual annotation of >1,000 genes from a variety of different gene families and functional classes reveals unique features of the Argentine ant's biology, as well as similarities to Apis mellifera and Nasonia vitripennis. Distinctive features of the Argentine ant genome include remarkable expansions of gustatory (116 genes) and odorant receptors (367 genes), an abundance of cytochrome P450 genes (>110), lineage-specific expansions of yellow/major royal jelly proteins and desaturases, and complete CpG DNA methylation and RNAi toolkits. The Argentine ant genome contains fewer immune genes than Drosophila and Tribolium, which may reflect the prominent role played by behavioral and chemical suppression of pathogens. Analysis of the ratio of observed to expected CpG nucleotides for genes in the reproductive development and apoptosis pathways suggests higher levels of methylation than in the genome overall. The resources provided by this genome sequence will offer an abundance of tools for researchers seeking to illuminate the fascinating biology of this emerging model organism. PMID:21282631

  14. Geomorphological risk analysis in the Republic of Belarus

    OpenAIRE

    Romanenko, Vlad; Kurlovich, Dzmitry

    2014-01-01

    Romanenko V. GIS-Mapping and Assessment of Geomorphological Risk in Belarus / V. Romanenko, D. Kurlovich // The geomorphology of natural hazards: mapping, analysis and prevention. Abstract book. 17th Joint Geomorphological Meeting, Liege (Belgium). 1-3 July 2014. – Liege. – P. 116.

  15. Analysis of selected bank accounts in the Czech Republic

    OpenAIRE

    Janovská, Tereza

    2013-01-01

    The thesis is divided into several parts. The first part introduces to history of banking and bank accounts. The next part focuses on the bank account. The following part describes the types of bank accounts and their requirements. The next part describes services that are linked to bank accounts. The following part focuses on the types of operations and transactions in bank accounts. The sixth part is an analysis of selected bank account and an account that is best suited to the requir...

  16. Genetic variability and population structure in loci related to milk production traits in native Argentine Creole and commercial Argentine Holstein cattle

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Golijow C.D.

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available Many cattle breeds have been subjected to high selection pressure for production traits. Consequently, population genetic structure and allelic distribution could differ in breeds under high selection pressure compared to unselected breeds. Analysis of k-casein, aS1-casein and prolactin gene frequencies was made for Argentine Creole (AC and Argentine Holstein (AH cattle herds. The calculated FST values measured the degree of genetic differentiation of subpopulations, depending on the variances of gene frequencies.The AC breed had considerably more variation among herds at the aS1-casein and k-casein loci. Conservation strategies should consider the entire AC population in order to maintain the genetic variability found in this native breed.

  17. ANALYSIS AND DEVELOPMENT OF AGRIBUSINESS AND AGRIFOOD MARKET OF THE REPUBLIC ADYGEA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bagmut S. V.

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The article presents an analysis of the development of agribusiness and agrifood market in the Republic of Adygea. It was found that the reasons for reducing the number of cattle is a drop in demand of the population, the gap in inter-regional relations, the growing disparity of prices for industrial and agricultural production, insufficient state support to agricultural producers. We have shown a reduction in food production, the incomplete development of production and technical capacity of the food industry due to physically and mentally worn out production equipment, lack of working capital for the technical and technological modernization. It is established that the consumer market of the Republic of Adygea is mainly filled with agricultural products and foodstuffs produced by foreign companies, as well as producers of other Russian regions. According to the authors, due to the low level of agricultural prices and limited sales producers annually lose profit on sales. For many households in the region the direct access to the wholesale market is limited, which implies a decrease of efficiency of realization of their products. Price discrimination of dealers and brokers promotes decrease in profit share of agricultural producers in the final retail price of products. It was found that the production of food is unstable and the amount of products is significantly lower than consumption rates. The analysis shows a gradual increase in the volume of food products produced in the Republic of Adygea, except butter, sugar and pasta. Level of consumption for most products exceeds intra production, the deficit is compensated mainly by imports

  18. Native supercolonies of unrelated individuals in the invasive Argentine ant

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Jes Søe; Krieger, Michael J. B.; Vogel, Valérie;

    2006-01-01

    Kinship among group members has long been recognized as a main factor promoting the evolution of sociality and reproductive altruism, yet some ants have an extraordinary social organization, called unicoloniality, whereby individuals mix freely among physically separated nests. This type of social...... organization is not only a key attribute responsible for the ecological dominance of these ants, but also an evolutionary paradox because relatedness between nestmates is effectively zero. Recently, it has been proposed that, in the Argentine ant, unicoloniality is a derived trait that evolved after its...... introduction into new habitats. Here we test this basic assumption by conducting a detailed genetic analysis of four native and six introduced populations with five to 15 microsatellite loci and one mitochondrial gene. In contrast to the assumption that native populations consist of family-based colonies with...

  19. The Argentine-Brazilian fast reactor programme

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper summarizes the Argentine-Brazilian Fast Reactor Programme and gives reasons for the decision of a binational venture. The work carried out by both countries is described, showing how they complement each other, with the corresponding saving of resources. The main objectives of the Programme and tentative schedules in three progressing integrating stages are given and the present nuclear know-how in each country is identified as a good starting point. The paper also gives some details regarding the economical and human resources involved. (author). 1 graph

  20. Neutron activation analysis of soils and loess deposits, for the investigation of the origin of the natural arsenic-contamination in the Argentine Pampa

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Neutron activation analysis has been applied to the investigation of the causes, and the primary and secondary sources, of the natural contamination with arsenic in the Pampa plain of Argentina. The elemental concentrations obtained for arsenic, as well as for Al, Ba, Br, Ca, Ce, Cl, Cr, Co, Cs, Dy, Eu, Fe, Ga, Hf, K, La, Mg, Mn, Na, Nd, Rb, Sb, Sc, Sm, Ta, Tb, Ti, U, V, Yb, Zn, and Zr, in soils and loess deposits, are presented. The implications of these results in the interpretation of the geological and environmental processes, connected with the contamination of the groundwater, are discussed. (orig.)

  1. Aviation Demand and Economic Growth in the Czech Republic: Cointegration Estimation and Causality Analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bilal Mehmood

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The main purpose of the paper is to empirically examine the aviation-led growth hypothesis for the Czech Republic by testing causality between aviation and economic growth. We resort to econometric tests such as unit root tests and test of cointegration purposed by Johansen (1988. Fully Modified OLS, Dynamic OLS and Conical Cointegration Regression are used to estimate the cointegration equation for time span of 42 years from 1970 to 2012. Empirical results reveal the existence of cointegration between aviation demand and economic growth. Graphic methods such as Cholesky impulse response function (both accumulated and non-accumulated and variance decomposition have also been applied to render the analysis rigorous. The positive contribution of aviation demand to economic growth is similar in all three estimation techniques of cointegration equation. Finally, Granger causality test is also applied to find the direction of causal relationship. Findings help in lime-lighting the importance of aviation industry in economic growth for a developing country like the Czech Republic.

  2. The macroeconomic analysis of public goods and their influence in the region of Czech Republic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Richard POSPÍŠIL

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available In the region of Czech Republic, the provision of public goods is one of the State’s most important activities with society-wide impacts. Therefore, the debate on the structure and scope of public budgets is legitimate and ongoing on a society-wide scale. Mainstream fiscal theory considers public goods to be one of the failures of market equilibrium, classifying them as being close to positive externalities. In this case, the activity of the State brings benefits to other entities that are not involved in this activity and do not even directly pay for it. The main characteristics of these goods include irreducibility of their amount in society, non-excludability and non-rivalry. There are a number of goods between purely private and purely public goods which, to varying extents, exhibit both elements. Today, the majority of goods provided by the public sector are of such a nature; as a result, the form of allocation and the subsequent redistribution of resources are crucial when analysing public goods. The present paper analyses public goods in the Czech Republic from an economic and legal perspective using Cost-Benefit Analysis, including their efficiency and society-wide benefits.

  3. Ninth Argentine congress on biology and nuclear medicine; fourth Southernmost sessions of ALASBIMN (Latin-American Association of Biology and Nuclear Medicine); first Spanish-Argentine congress on nuclear medicine; first Argentine sessions on nuclear cardiology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This work deals with all the papers presented at the 9. Argentine congress on biology and nuclear medicine; IV Southernmost sessions of ALASBIMN; I Spanish-Argentine congress on nuclear medicine and I Sessions Argentine sessions on nuclear cardiology held in Buenos Aires, Argentina, from October 14 - 18, 1991

  4. Fluctuation analysis of high frequency electric power load in the Czech Republic

    CERN Document Server

    Kracík, Jiří

    2016-01-01

    We analyze the electric power load in the Czech Republic (CR) which exhibits a seasonality as well as other oscillations typical for European countries. Moreover, we detect 1/f noise property of electrical power load with extra additional peaks that allows to separate it into a deterministic and stochastic part. We then focus on the analysis of the stochastic part using improved Multi-fractal Detrended Fluctuation Analysis method (MFDFA) to investigate power load datasets with a minute resolution. Extracting the noise part of the signal by using Fourier transform allows us to apply this method to obtain the fluctuation function and to estimate the generalized Hurst exponent together with the correlated Hurst exponent, its improvement for the non-Gaussian datasets. The results exhibit a strong presence of persistent behaviour and the dataset is characterized by a non-Gaussian skewed distribution. There are also indications for the presence of the probability distribution that has heavier tail than the Gaussian...

  5. Analysis for making a regulatory decision to equipment of industrial gammagraphy in Argentin; Analisis para la toma de decision regulatoria sobre equipos de gammagrafia industrial en Argentina

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ermacora, Marcela G.; Vidal, Dora N.; Alonso, Maria T., E-mail: mermacora@arn.gob.ar, E-mail: dvidal@arn.gob.ar, E-mail: malonso@arn.gob.ar [Autoridad Regulatoria Nuclear (ARN), Buenos Aires (Argentina)

    2013-10-01

    Industrial gammagraphy is a practice widely used as a nondestructive testing technique in Argentina. Experience worldwide has shown the need for an improvement in the intrinsic safety of the equipment used in this lab. In response to this reason, the board of the Nuclear Regulatory Authority (ARN) has considered a proposal to withdraw service movement and much of the equipment inventory scan belonging to industrial facilities nationwide. The main objective of this paper is to present the results of the analysis performed to support the above proposal. The main elements of evaluation can be summarized as follows: I) the teams that do not conform to international recommendations regarding compliance with key safety requirements of international standards such as ISO 3999:2004 (E) {sup R}adiation protection - Industrial Apparatus for gamma radiography - Specifications for performance, design and tests {sup ;} II) the decision by some manufacturers to discontinue production of certain models of equipment and the provision of spare parts, and III) the validity of certificates bulk type B (U) for transport. In conclusion, it highlights the importance of a regulatory decision supplementary to the Standard AR 7.9.1 concerning the operation of scan equipment industry, based on current international recommendations and Argentina's commitment to good practice and safety culture which can lead to a positive impact on radiation safety in this art.

  6. Analysis of the Types of Subsidies for Renewable Energy Sources in the Czech Republic

    OpenAIRE

    DVOŘÁKOVÁ, Kristýna

    2014-01-01

    This bachelor thesis deals with renewable energy sources (RES) in the Czech Republic. The theoretical part of the work describes the most widely used renewable energy sources in the Czech Republic, especially their history technology, advantages and disadvantages. It also deals with the legislation of the European Union and the Czech Republic, describes the laws and mentions the State Energy Policy of the CR and the National Action Plan of the CR, which are essential to the operation and d...

  7. Statistical analysis of the incoming tourism development in the Czech Republic and its prospects

    OpenAIRE

    Marušáková, Petra

    2013-01-01

    This bachelor thesis devotes with the development of incoming tourism in the Czech Republic. It monitors the current situation of tourism in the Czech Republic. The main work evaluates the development of arrivals of foreign visitors to the Czech Republic from 1989 to 2006, visitor arrivals for the type of transport used in 1993-2006 and in terms of section of the border, from which visitors come to the Czech Republic in 1996-2006. This thesis deals with the number of guests in accommodation e...

  8. Argentine-Brazilian declaration on common nuclear policy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The document reproduces the texts of the speeches made by the Presidents of Argentina and Brazil at Foz do Iguacu, Brazil, on 28 November 1990, at the signing of the Argentine-Brazilian Declaration on Common Nuclear Policy

  9. LES HYDROCARBURES EN ARGENTINE : RESEAUX, TERRITOIRES, INTEGRATION.

    OpenAIRE

    Carrizo, Silvina Cecilia

    2003-01-01

    Les réseaux d'hydrocarbures en Argentine ont vécu une restructuration brutale, lors de la réforme de l'Etat des années 1990. La dérégulation des activités et les privatisations des entreprises YPF et Gas del Estado ont induit la re-concentration du secteur, désormais sous l'empire des entreprises étrangères, dont Repsol YPF est le leader. La fédéralisation des ressources au bénéfice des provinces contribue à l'affaiblissent et à la décapitalisation de l'Etat. Ces changements ont entraîné une ...

  10. The Argentine remote monitoring and surveillance system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Scientific and Technical Support Department of the Argentine National Board of Nuclear Regulation (ENREN) has developed a Remote Monitoring and Surveillance System (RMSS) that provides a media to verify state of variables related to the monitoring and surveillance activities of nuclear facilities, mainly safeguard applications. RMSS includes a variety of on site installed sensors, an authenticated radiofrequency communication link, a receiver processing unit, an active vision set and a user friendly personal computer interface to collect, view and store pertinent histories of events. A real time data base allows consulting, maintenance, updating and checking activities. RMSS could be integrated into a LAN or WAN via modem for use in a remote operation scheme. In this paper a description of the RMSS is provided. Also, an overview of the RMSS operation at one facility under safeguards belonging to the National Commission of Atomic Energy (CNEA) is presented. Results and conclusions of the system associated with this facility are given. (author). 37 figs

  11. Pheromone disruption of Argentine ant trail integrity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suckling, D M; Peck, R W; Manning, L M; Stringer, L D; Cappadonna, J; El-Sayed, A M

    2008-12-01

    Disruption of Argentine ant trail following and reduced ability to forage (measured by bait location success) was achieved after presentation of an oversupply of trail pheromone, (Z)-9-hexadecenal. Experiments tested single pheromone point sources and dispersion of a formulation in small field plots. Ant walking behavior was recorded and digitized by using video tracking, before and after presentation of trail pheromone. Ants showed changes in three parameters within seconds of treatment: (1) Ants on trails normally showed a unimodal frequency distribution of walking track angles, but this pattern disappeared after presentation of the trail pheromone; (2) ants showed initial high trail integrity on a range of untreated substrates from painted walls to wooden or concrete floors, but this was significantly reduced following presentation of a point source of pheromone; (3) the number of ants in the pheromone-treated area increased over time, as recruitment apparently exceeded departures. To test trail disruption in small outdoor plots, the trail pheromone was formulated with carnuba wax-coated quartz laboratory sand (1 g quartz sand/0.2 g wax/1 mg pheromone). The pheromone formulation, with a half-life of 30 h, was applied by rotary spreader at four rates (0, 2.5, 7.5, and 25 mg pheromone/m(2)) to 1- and 4-m(2) plots in Volcanoes National Park, Hawaii. Ant counts at bait cards in treated plots were significantly reduced compared to controls on the day of treatment, and there was a significant reduction in ant foraging for 2 days. These results show that trail pheromone disruption of Argentine ants is possible, but a much more durable formulation is needed before nest-level impacts can be expected. PMID:19034574

  12. Analysis of Introducing One Stop Shop Administrative Services: A Case Study of the Republic of Macedonia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martin TODEVSKI

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Reforming the administrative procedures through the implementation of an e-Government programe is an on-going important process for governments around the world. The benefits of using ICT as a catalyst for increasing the efficiency of administrative procedures are well known and confirmed. The implementation of computer based information systems and providing a possibility for institutions to share data and documents among themselves will create conditions for introducing one stop shop electronic services, which will lead to simplifying administrative procedures. The new simplified administrative services will be of great benefit to citizens. Yet, the institutions will face a significant reduction in the number of issued documents required for providing administrative services, which will lead to positive financial implications. In that regard, the goal of this paper is to make an analysis of the financial aspects of introducing one stop shop services in the Republic of Macedonia by using computer based information systems. The analysis was conducted using public data for the administrative services which are currently provided by a closed set of 16 Macedonian government institutions. In this analysis we calculate the financial implications on citizens, businesses, institutions, and other entities in the society. The result of the analysis is the calculation of the overall savings for the society, which can be used by decision-makers in order to adjust the degree of investments in information systems and necessary complementary assets needed for introduction of these services.

  13. Carbohydrate supply limits invasion of natural communities by Argentine ants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rowles, Alexei D; Silverman, Jules

    2009-08-01

    The ability of species to invade new habitats is often limited by various biotic and physical factors or interactions between the two. Invasive ants, frequently associated with human activities, flourish in disturbed urban and agricultural environments. However, their ability to invade and establish in natural habitats is more variable. This is particularly so for the invasive Argentine ant (Linepithema humile). While biotic resistance and low soil moisture limits their invasion of natural habitats in some instances, the effect of food availability has been poorly explored. We conducted field experiments to determine if resource availability limits the spread and persistence of Argentine ants in remnant natural forest in North Carolina. Replicated transects paired with and without sucrose solution feeding stations were run from invaded urban edges into forest remnants and compared over time using baits and direct counts at feeding stations. Repeated under different timing regimes in 2006 and 2007, access to sucrose increased local Argentine ant abundances (1.6-2.5 fold) and facilitated their progression into the forest up to 73 +/- 21% of 50-m transects. Resource removal caused an expected decrease in Argentine ant densities in 2006, in conjunction with their retreat to the urban/forest boundary. However, in 2007, Argentine ant numbers unexpectedly continued to increase in the absence of sugar stations, possibly through access to alternative resources or conditions not available the previous year such as honeydew-excreting Hemiptera. Our results showed that supplementing carbohydrate supply facilitates invasion of natural habitat by Argentine ants. This is particularly evident where Argentine ants continued to thrive following sugar station removal. PMID:19452171

  14. Biomonitoring of air pollution with heavy metals in the Republic of Macedonia by neutron activation analysis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Atmospheric deposition of trace metals was studied over the entire territory of the Republic of Macedonia in 2002 and 2005. Samples of the terrestrial mosses Hypnum cupressiforme, Camptothecium lutescens, and Homalothecium sericeum were collected at 73 sites in 2002 and at 72 sites in 2005. Instrumental neutron activation analysis allowed determination of 41 elements in 2002 and 38 elements in 2005. Principal component factor analysis was used to identify the most polluted areas and characterize different pollution sources. The most important sources of trace metal deposition are ferrous and non-ferrous smelters, oil refineries, fertilizer production plants, and central heating station. four areas appear to be particularly exposed to metal pollution: Veles, Skopje, Tetovo, and Kavadarci - Negotino. Comparison of the results from the first and the second moss survey, showed that there is no significant difference in median values of elemental concentrations determined, besides Ni. The more then twofold increase of its median value is explained by renewed activity of ferronickel smelter in Kavadartsi. (Author)

  15. ANALYSIS OF THE LABOUR MARKET IN THE REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA ACCORDING TO THE LEVEL OF EDUCATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kostadinka Cabuleva

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The current educational system has to prepare the students for professions which should develop tomorrow. The key role of education at this moment in time ought to be the ability to predict the changes and to adapt to them successfully. The final resultant of the educational process is the acquisition of skills which will enable the pupils or students to adapt to the labour market quickly and easily. The connection of education with the labour market is the principal aim of the economy being based on knowledge.In this paper, we make an effort to create an analytic framework for the representation of the educational profiles at the labour market in the Republic of Macedonia. The data contained in the analysis points out to the fact that out of the total number of employees according to their education in the period of 2001-2012, the biggest per cent of employees belongs to the ones with secondary education (three-year and four-year secondary education. In 2001, this percentile participation was 49.6% whereas in 2012, this per cent increased to 53.6%. The second position is being taken up by the employees with primary and lower secondary education (25.42% in 2001. However, as a result of the fact the employment rate had been reducing year by year, in 2012, it was 18.53%. The employees with university education are taking up the third position. In 2001, the percentile participation of employees with university education was 10.53% whereas in 2012, it was 21.6%. This trend is due to the dispersed studies in a large number of towns in the Republic of Macedonia, which have led to increase in the number of graduates. Having in mind this analysis, the public educational institutions are facing the challenge to alter their current structure, to bring about a new structural change and to develop an organizational structure which will be compatible with the general changes at the labour market.

  16. Re-defining Anglo-Argentine literature: from travel writing to travelling identities

    OpenAIRE

    Ferradas, Claudia Mónica

    2011-01-01

    This study proposes a definition of Anglo-Argentine literature, a literary corpus that has not been explicitly defined, and provides a reading list of Anglo-Argentine works on the basis of that definition. The research is based on the presupposition that Anglo-Argentine texts can be used to contribute to an intercultural approach to language and literature teaching in the Argentine higher education context. Such texts can encourage reflection on how writing on Argentina in English has co...

  17. Indicative analysis of condition of the energetic safety in Azerbaijan Republic

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Necessity of the monitoring of condition of energetic safety has been shown. The indicators systems of the technological factors were offered. Their condition depending on electroenergetics branch of Azerbaijan Republic at present and in the immediate perspective is considered

  18. Responding to change? a cultural analysis of Garda perceptions of police reform agendas within in the Republic of Ireland

    OpenAIRE

    Corcoran, Donal

    2012-01-01

    In October 2008, Mr Justice Morris published the final of his eight reports concerned with police corruption in An Garda Síochána, the national police service of the Republic of Ireland. This thesis draws upon research conducted with Irish police officers to offer an operational-level cultural analysis of their perceptions of the post-scandal reform agendas introduced. It begins with an overview of the misconduct that happened in one Irish policing division and its related wider application. ...

  19. Economic Analysis of Wind Energy in the Czech Republic: A Case Study of a Chosen Firm

    OpenAIRE

    Motyčková, Šárka

    2013-01-01

    Summary This thesis deals with economic aspects of installing wind power plant in the Czech Republic with a closer look on process of returning our investment. It points to benefits of wind power plants and possible threats in this business sector. The theoretical part focuses on the basic knowledge of wind energy usage in history, brief description of the engine and its main parts and wind potential of the Czech Republic. Then there are compared various impacts on surroundings of a wi...

  20. Food market analysis: a case study of the Glocal methodology in the Dominican Republic

    OpenAIRE

    Briz de Felipe, Teresa; Felipe Boente, Isabel de

    2014-01-01

    The present paper provides an insight into the food value chain of three specific sectors (fruit and vegetables, poultry and rice) in the Dominican Republic. The Glocal methodology used for the study combines a global view with local conditions and thus it can be applied to food markets. Each of these food chains is analyzed by following traditional industrial organization theory, based on structure, conduct and performance. Regarding the specific case of the Dominican Republic, different sou...

  1. Detrimental effects of highly efficient interference competition: invasive Argentine ants outcompete native ants at toxic baits.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buczkowski, Grzegorz; Bennett, Gary W

    2008-06-01

    The Argentine ant (Linepithema humile) is an invasive species that disrupts the balance of natural ecosystems by displacing indigenous ant species throughout its introduced range. Previous studies that examined the mechanisms by which Argentine ants attain ecological dominance showed that superior interference and exploitation competition are key to the successful displacement of native ant species. The objective of this research was to test the hypothesis that effective interference competition by Argentine ants may also be detrimental to the survival of Argentine ant colonies where Argentine ants and native ants compete at toxic baits used to slow the spread of Argentine ants. To study this hypothesis, we examined the competitive interactions between Argentine ants and native odorous house ants, Tapinoma sessile, in the presence and absence of toxic baits. Results showed that Argentine ants aggressively outcompete T. sessile from toxic baits through efficient interference competition and monopolize bait resources. This has severe negative consequences for the survival of Argentine ants as colonies succumb to the toxic effects of the bait. In turn, T. sessile avoid areas occupied by Argentine ants, give up baits, and consequently suffer minimal mortality. Our results provide experimental evidence that highly efficient interference competition may have negative consequences for Argentine ants in areas where toxic baits are used and may provide a basis for designing innovative management programs for Argentine ants. Such programs would have the double benefit of selectively eliminating the invasive species while simultaneously protecting native ants from the toxic effects of baits. PMID:18559180

  2. INTERCULTURAL EDUCATION: ANALYSIS OF THE PRIMARY SCHOOL TEXTBOOKS IN THE REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena Achkovska Leshkovska

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The intercultural education is most explicitly accomplished trough textbook contents which encourage interaction, exchange, desegregation, interdependency and solidarity among people belonging to different cultural groups living in the same territory. The main goal of the research was to determine the quantity and quality of content that point to intercultural education in the textbooks used in elementary schools in the Republic of Macedonia, where the medium of teaching is in Macedonian. The analysis includes 44 textbooks. The research involved both quantitative and qualitative research methods, the late involved using deductive defining of categories. Nine categories, important for intercultural education were distinguished: identity, cooperation and friendship, respect, tolerance, cultural relativism, stereotype, prejudice, oppression and labeling. The results showed that the highest percent of contents promoting intercultural is found in textbooks for Civic education and History, while the lowest one in Nature and Geography. From the analyzed categories, identity is highly present, followed by cooperation, friendship and respect of the other. Themes regarding the categories such as: stereotype, prejudice, labeling and oppression are least represented and are not even mentioned as negative examples of behaviors which are not to be practiced. As a conclusion, we can say that it is very positive that depreciation and discrimination of other cultures, ethnicities or religious groups are not present. However, there is demand and need to enrich textbooks and syllabuses with large number of contents concerning above mentioned positive categories, in order to promote one set of values which are essential to build an intercultural society.  

  3. Analysis of Indicators of Wood Products Market in the Republic of Croatia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andreja Pirc

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Wood processing and furniture manufacture in the Republic of Croatia have been developed on high quality forest raw material, and their activities are based on the use of forest raw material, long wood-processing tradition and good quality of human resources. Therefore, this is an important economic segment of the country. However, due to global economic trends, and also due to inadequately developed and low production efficiency, insuffi cient use of capacities and underdeveloped production of higher processing stages, the total income of the industrial wood processing is relatively low with respect to the potential of raw materials. It is, therefore, important to determine the position of the sector with the focus on market research. For this reason, the analysis was conducted and comparison made between certain market indicators such as production, exports, imports, consumption, and sales share of Croatian manufacturers, wood processing (DD 20 and furniture manufacture (DN 36, in the domestic market. In the observed period, an increasing trend was recorded of the production of other wood products and furniture manufacture, in favor of production of other wood products. From 2000 to the end of 2008 export values of other wood products were higher in relation to furniture export values, while in the field of import determinant values reversed. In the observed period, product sales of Croatian manufacturers in sectors DD 20 and DN 36 in the domestic market were variable.

  4. Redesigning the Structure of Republic Indonesian Defense System; An Analysis of Systems Thinking

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ade Muhammad

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available The phenomenon of Shrinking Defense Capabilities is only the tip of the iceberg of Indonesian Defense System’s problem. The root of the problem that lies beneath and outside is keep untouched. This journal is the part of the efforts to reveal the phenomenon’s structure that binding as a system. The present structure is a cause of that phenomenon and the basis of the current organization responsible for Republic Indonesia Defense sector. With the Systems thinking analysis, the research has revealed the structure that become the problem cause and give a holistic solution trough redesigning new structure based on two theories namely the Strategic-Operational Management with Vision Dissemination of Prof. Dr. Jürgen Strohhecker and the Defense System Generic Dr. Ir. Muhammad Tasrif, M.Eng and Ir. Ade Muhammad, M.Han. The logical consequences would also changing of formation of Indonesian Defense Organization. Keywords : Design, Redesigning, Defense System, System, Defense, Holistic

  5. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS ON PROVIDING THE SERVICE IN IC TRAINS BETWEEN REPUBLIC OF SLOVAKIA AND REPUBLIC OF CROATIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Borna Abramović

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available In today's liberalized market of passenger railway services are in use trains ranks. Train rank means a level of service that has applied on train. The highest ranks trains are Eurocity and Intercity. Eurocity trains generally connect major cities between at least two countries, while the Intercity trains typically connect important cities in a state. The survey is the standard way to examine passenger’s satisfaction. Therefore, this survey has been conducted in the Slovak and Croatian Intercity trains. Analysis of survey results show some strong and some weak points of each operator and the habits and opinions of the passengers. Based on the results of the survey, improvements are necessary in the punctuality, comfort and in providing Wi-Fi services. It is necessary to establish methods for developing services that will bring higher satisfaction of passengers as the final aim.

  6. URINARY INCONTINENCE: KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDES, AND PREVALENCE AMONG OLDER ARGENTINE FEMALES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jauregui JR

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: This study aimed to investigate the knowledge and attitudes of Argentine women 65 years of age and older regarding urinary incontinence (UI. Methods: A cross-sectional study of 238 community-dwelling Argentine women 65 years of age and older was conducted in San Justo, Argentina. Data were collected by in-person interviews. Results: Regarding knowledge, 232 (97.5% of the women surveyed were familiar with the term urinary incontinence, but 152 (63.9% falsely believed that UI is a normal part of aging and 163 (68.5% did not know about pelvic exercises or a surgical option to treat UI. A total of 106 (44.5% women reported symptoms of UI. Discussion: Older Argentine women are misinformed about UI. Interventions are necessary to increase their knowledge and healthcare seeking behaviors.

  7. The Text of the Agreement of 22 July 1977 between Argentina and the Agency for the Application of Safeguards in connection with a Contract Concluded between the Comision Nacional de Energia Atomica (Argentina) and the Reactor Brennelement Union Gmbh Hanau (Federal Republic Of Germany) for Co-Operation in The Field of Fabrication of Fuel Elements for Peaceful Nuclear Activities

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Agreement between the Republic of Argentina, the Federative Republic of Brazil, the Brazilian-Argentine Agency for Accounting and Control of Nuclear Materials and the International Atomic Energy Agency for the Application of Safeguards came into force on 4 March 1994

  8. Argentine intercomparison programme for personal dosimetry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: In 1997 began in Argentine, sponsored by Nuclear Regulatory Authority (ARN) the intercomparison program for personal dosimetry laboratories, on a voluntary basis. Up to know 6 exercises have been done. The program began with a workshop to present the quantities, personal dose equivalent, Hp(10) and extremities dose equivalent, Hs(d). The first aim of this program was to know the true sate of personal dosimetry laboratories in the country, and then introduce the personal dose equivalent, Hp(10) into the dose measurements. The Regional Reference Center for Dosimetry (CCR), belonging to CNEA and the Physical Dosimetry Laboratory of ARN performed the irradiation. Those were done air free and on ICRU phantom, using x-ray, quality ISO: W60, W110 and W200; and 137Cs and 60Co gamma rays. The irradiation was made following ISO 4037 (2) recommendations. There are studied the dose, energy and angular response of the different measuring system. The range of the dose analyzed was from 0.2 mSv up to 80 mSv. The beam incidence was normal and also 20o and 60o. The dosimeters irradiation's were performed kerma in free in air and in phantom in order to study the availability of the service to evaluate the behavior as a function of kerma free in air or Hp(10). At the same time several items have been asked to each participant referring to the action range, the detectors characteristics, the laboratory procedures, the existence of an algorithm and its use for the dosimeter evaluation and the wish to participate in a quality assurance program. The program worked in writing a standard of personal dosimetry laboratories, that was published in 2001. In this work the results of each laboratory and its performance based on the ICRP-60 and ICRP-35 acceptance criteria are shown. Also the laboratory evolution and inquiry analyses have been included. (author)

  9. The nuclear community. An anthropological look on the Argentine nuclear development

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Argentine development in the nuclear field is analyzed from an anthropological and sociological standpoint. The author has made his 'field work' at the Reactor and Power Plants sector of the National Atomic Energy Commission. She examines the perception that the scientists and other workers of the nuclear field have of the role of its discipline and consequently of its own role in the society. The analysis is carried out into the framework of the situation of nuclear energy in the world and in Argentina in particular

  10. National monitoring of nicotine use in Czech and Slovak Republic based on wastewater analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mackuľak, Tomáš; Birošová, Lucia; Grabic, Roman; Škubák, Jaroslav; Bodík, Igor

    2015-09-01

    The aim of this study was to compare estimation of nicotine use in Slovakia (SR) and the Czech Republic (CR) based on cotinine analysis in wastewater from seven selected wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) with conventional estimation based on tobacco product sales. Urinary bio-markers of nicotine use were analyzed by liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). The study was performed concurrently at all the WWTPs (from 11 to 18 March 2014). Representative 24 h composite samples were analyzed with on line SPE/LC-MS/MS method. Based on the average residence time of wastewater in the sewers and the average time in the sampling device, specific correction coefficients were designed to improve estimation of nicotine consumption. Nicotine ingestion level was back-calculated and expressed as mass of pure drug consumed per day and per 1000 inhabitants for selected cities of both countries (mean, 2.2 g for Piešťany and 8.0 g for Nitra, respectively). Consequently, the cigarette consumption results were recalculated for each country separately and compared with the data of both national statistical offices (2362 cigarettes/year/person--SR and 2088 cigarettes/year/person--CR). Our results highly correspond to the data of national statistical offices (up to 99.9% in SR and to 96% in CR). The average amount of money invested in cigarette sales was estimated in the capitals of both countries. It is about 1 million EUR/day for Prague and about 0.3 million EUR/day for Bratislava. The calculation of nicotine consumption, utilizing a specific correction coefficient, is the correct way to obtain more accurate data in drug studies of this kind, thus allowing a better drug abuse assessment. PMID:25956519

  11. Aesthetic campaigns and counter-campaigns. Jorge Luis Borges and a century of the Argentine detective story (1877-1977)

    OpenAIRE

    Barrett, Eoin George

    2013-01-01

    This cultural history of Argentine crime fiction involves a comprehensive analysis of the literary and critical traditions within the genre, paying particular attention to the series of ‘aesthetic campaigns’ waged by Jorge Luis Borges and others during the period between 1933 and 1977. The methodological approach described in the introductory chapter builds upon the critical insight that in Argentina, generic discourse has consistently been the domain, not only of literary critics in the trad...

  12. Samosprávné podniky v Argentině jako sociální hnutí

    OpenAIRE

    Virtová, Tereza

    2011-01-01

    This thesis aims to elaborate a case study of self-managed factories, which has been emerging in Argentina after the economic crisis in 2001. Mainly the conflictive origin, organization, role of the state and the dynamics of the movement of self-managed factories is discussed. This paper is based on European tradition of social movements' analysis and seeks to characterize movement of Argentine self-managed factories as so called old or new social movement. This dividing line will ultimately ...

  13. Moderls of Internationzation of Two Argentine Pharmaceutical Companies in Historical Perspective: The Cases of Bagó and Sidus

    OpenAIRE

    Campins, Mónica

    2015-01-01

    Internationalization is not a simple decision but rather a complex strategy that requires the presence of tangible and intangible resources that, in the case of a family firm, call for careful analysis. To understand this process, the present study reconstructs the historical trajectories of two important Argentine laboratories, Bagó and Sidus, in historical perspective, using the stage approach of the Uppsala school (U-model) and the perspective of resources and capacities (resource-based vi...

  14. Molecular and Biological Analysis of Potato virus M (PVM) Isolates from the Czech Republic

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Plchová, Helena; Vaculík, Petr; Čeřovská, Noemi; Moravec, Tomáš; Dědič, P.

    2015-01-01

    Roč. 163, 11-12 (2015), s. 1031-1035. ISSN 0931-1785 R&D Projects: GA MŠk 1M06030 Institutional support: RVO:61389030 Keywords : Czech Republic * phylogeny * Potato virus M Subject RIV: EB - Genetics ; Molecular Biology Impact factor: 0.820, year: 2014

  15. An Analysis of Chinese Primary Reading and Writing Textbooks in the People's Republic of China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sheridan, E. Marcia

    This paper analyses elementary school Chinese language textbooks for teaching reading and writing in primary grades in the People's Republic of China. The paper begins by examining the characteristics of the Chinese written language, particularly how the reforms of written Chinese in China since the 1950s have affected instructional materials.…

  16. Maintaining Roads : The Argentine Experience with Output-Based Contracts

    OpenAIRE

    Liautaud, Gerard

    2001-01-01

    The Argentine government is using output-based contracts with the private sector for rehabilitation and maintenance of its nonconcessioned road network. The multiyear lump sum contracts, funded by the government, specify required road service outputs and use incentive-based payment schedules to ensure the quality of the work. After three years of operation the 60 contracts (averaging US$10...

  17. Sino-Argentine SLR station making new progress

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    @@ The Sino-Argentine satellite laser ranging (SLR) system ranks second in the pass total of satellites it has observed among the SLR satellite observatories worldwide, according to statistics of the International Laser Ranging Service from October 2007 to September 2008. In addition, it tops the world in observing high orbit satellites, a difficult task to perform.

  18. A view on the future of Argentine nuclear exports

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In order to anticipate the possibilities of future nuclear technology exports, the technological capacities of the organizations and companies that make up the Argentine nuclear sector are analyzed together with the evolution of their possible markets. The main export opportunities are seen in the field of the research reactors, nuclear fuel elements, heavy water and radioisotopes for medical and industrial applications

  19. Czech Republic

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Nešpor, Zdeněk

    Los Angeles : Sage , 2012 - (Juergensmeyer, M.; Roof, W.), s. 275 ISBN 9780761927297 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z70280505 Keywords : Czech Republic * religion * sociology of religion Subject RIV: AO - Sociology, Demography

  20. Transmission pricing in privately-owned electricity grids: An illustration from the Argentine electricity pool

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Abdala, Manuel A. [LECG, LLC, 1725 Eye St NW - Suite 800, Washington, DC 20006 (United States)

    2008-07-15

    The Argentine electricity reform of 1992 offers an interesting example of decentralized transmission pricing arrangements within a competitive system. This paper is a shortened version of an original analysis made in 1994 of the regulation of the Argentine transmission system, with emphasis on investment cost allocation rules. To make up for the limitation of short-run marginal cost (SRMC) pricing, incentives on service quality were put in place, including penalties for lack of line availability. The mechanism for capacity expansion, based on ad-hoc rules for allocations of investment costs, had the potential to produce non-optimal investment outcomes, as such rules ignored beneficiaries on the demand side. For fine tuning of this system, I proposed an alternative rule based on traditional welfare analysis that broadens the universe of identified beneficiaries, and thus can be expected to produce a fairer outcome on investment cost allocation, reducing the potential risks of non-optimal investment. A brief postscript comments on the paper from the perspective of 2007. (author)

  1. Transmission pricing in privately-owned electricity grids: An illustration from the Argentine electricity pool

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Argentine electricity reform of 1992 offers an interesting example of decentralized transmission pricing arrangements within a competitive system. This paper is a shortened version of an original analysis made in 1994 of the regulation of the Argentine transmission system, with emphasis on investment cost allocation rules. To make up for the limitation of short-run marginal cost (SRMC) pricing, incentives on service quality were put in place, including penalties for lack of line availability. The mechanism for capacity expansion, based on ad-hoc rules for allocations of investment costs, had the potential to produce non-optimal investment outcomes, as such rules ignored beneficiaries on the demand side. For fine tuning of this system, I proposed an alternative rule based on traditional welfare analysis that broadens the universe of identified beneficiaries, and thus can be expected to produce a fairer outcome on investment cost allocation, reducing the potential risks of non-optimal investment. A brief postscript comments on the paper from the perspective of 2007. (author)

  2. Activation analysis of microelement contents in food stuff of traditional children food in Republics Uzbekistan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: Recent years Hematogists and Pediatricians pay more attention to the issue of disturbance of microelement homeostasis which is the most important in formation of microelementosis in children. To prevent and to treat the deficient forms of microelementosis the determination of microelement contents in traditional food of the population in any particular region is an issue of great importance. Provision of school age children with essential microelements and deficiency of many micronutrients are not sufficiently studied. In this aspect the issue of microelement contents in food stuffs of the children of Zarafshan valley is not enough investigated. Therefore, it is advisable to study the specific weight of microelements such as iron, zinc, copper, cobalt and manganese in vegetable and animal products and phytomedium which are consumed as the traditional food of the population of this region. We have studied 47 types of food stuffs mainly of vegetable and animal origin as well as widely used phytomedium. Microelement concentration in food stuffs were defined by neutron-activation analysis method worked out at Nuclear Physics Institute Republic of Uzbekistan. For the first time we have investigated national dishes - sumalak, halisa, shinni which are the essential part of traditional food of Central Asian population and the contents of microelements being studied. As per results of investigation it was found out that the most highest contents of iron was in dried apricot (358 mg/kg), then in black (180 mg/kg) and white (110 mg/kg) raisins. National dish - shinni ( the grapes syrup) contained iron equal to 103 mg/kg, local apple - 100 mg/kg. It should be noted that not only raisins and shinni are rich with iron but the decoction from wild vineyard stalks too which contains 366 mg/l. Moderate iron contents ( 50-100 mg/kg) was found in the following dried fruits: blackberry, haw, bitter and sweet almond, dried fig, and mulberry. Low concentration of iron (less

  3. Landslide Detection Methods, Inventory Analysis and Susceptibility Mapping Applied to the Tien Shan, Kyrgyz Republic.

    OpenAIRE

    Danneels, Gaëlle; Havenith, Hans-Balder; Strom, A.; Pirard, Eric

    2008-01-01

    This paper presents results of the last five years of landslide detection and landslide susceptibility mapping in the Central and Southern Tien Shan. Landslide inventories have been compiled for areas of major interest in the Kyrgyz Republic. For those areas, landslides were first mapped manually using KFA satellite images and aerial photographs. Recently, a landslide detection method has been developed in order to map landslides automatically. This method is based on a neural network scheme ...

  4. Analysis of horse breeding and equestrian sports in the Republic of Croatia

    OpenAIRE

    Baban M.; Sakač M.; Korabi N.; Antunović B.; Mijić P.; Ivanković A.; Ramljak J.

    2011-01-01

    Horse breeding in the Republic of Croatia, before its entrance into European Union, is in the transitional period. In the breeding sense, Croatian horse breeding is set according to the model of European countries and is trying to counteract with “modern horse breeding countries”. Croatian Center for Horse Breeding - Dakovo and Lipik State Stud Farms (CCHB), with the Central register of equidae is, as the head national institution, responsible for running a...

  5. 8. THE CYTOGENETIC ANALYSIS IN OCCUPATIONALLY EXPOSED GROUPS IN THE CZECH REPUBLIC

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    @@Biomonitoring of the genotoxic potential of occupational and environmental factors and their biological effects in man is essential for ensuring primary prevention of human cancers and damage of genetic material. The groups of population monitored in the Czech Republic for the occupational exposure to clastogenic genotoxins comprise broad spectrum of exposure, the most of them involve complex mixtures of gases, vapors, and particular matters. The increase of the chromosomal aberration frequency

  6. A Resource Planning Analysis of District Hospital Surgical Services in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

    OpenAIRE

    Sion, Melanie; Rajan, Dheepa; Kalambay, Hyppolite; Lokonga, Jean-Pierre; Bulakali, Joseph; Mossoko, Mathias; Kwete, Dieudonne; Schmets, Gerard; Kelley, Edward; Elongo, Tarcisse; Sambo, Luis; Cherian, Meena

    2015-01-01

    Abstract Background: The impact of surgical conditions on global health, particularly on vulnerable populations, is gaining recognition. However, only 3.5% of the 234.2 million cases per year of major surgery are performed in countries where the world's poorest third reside, such as the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). Methods: Data on the availability of anesthesia and surgical services were gathered from 12 DRC district hospitals using the World Health Organization's (WHO's) Emergenc...

  7. Accountability and non-proliferation nuclear regime: a review of the mutual surveillance Brazilian-Argentine model for nuclear safeguards

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The regimes of accountability, the organizations of global governance and institutional arrangements of global governance of nuclear non-proliferation and of Mutual Vigilance Brazilian-Argentine of Nuclear Safeguards are the subject of research. The starting point is the importance of the institutional model of global governance for the effective control of non-proliferation of nuclear weapons. In this context, the research investigates how to structure the current arrangements of the international nuclear non-proliferation and what is the performance of model Mutual Vigilance Brazilian-Argentine of Nuclear Safeguards in relation to accountability regimes of global governance. For that, was searched the current literature of three theoretical dimensions: accountability, global governance and global governance organizations. In relation to the research method was used the case study and the treatment technique of data the analysis of content. The results allowed: to establish an evaluation model based on accountability mechanisms; to assess how behaves the model Mutual Vigilance Brazilian-Argentine Nuclear Safeguards front of the proposed accountability regime; and to measure the degree to which regional arrangements that work with systems of global governance can strengthen these international systems. (author)

  8. Efficacy of Argentine propolis formulation for topical treatment of canine otitis externa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L.A Lozina

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The therapeutic effects of Argentine propolis ear drop formulation on canine otitis externa were evaluated. Forty-eight dogs with symptoms of otitis externa were randomly assigned to double-blinded, controlled clinical trial to evaluate the efficacy of topical formulation with propolis versus a topical placebo in the treatment of otitis externa. The propolis preparation and placebo were administrated into both external ear canals, twice daily for 14 days. Throughout the study, clinical examination and microbiological analysis of dogs ear exudates were made. The most frequent microorganisms isolated in culture media were: Malassezia pachydermatis (54.2%, Staphylococcus aureus (43.8%, coagulase-negative Staphylococcus (25.0%, Pseudomonas aeruginosa (20.8%, Candida albicans (18.8%, Proteus mirabilis (16.7%, Streptococcus spp. (16.7%, Enteroccocus faecalis (12.5%, Escherichia coli (12.5%, Staphylococcus intermedius (6.3%, Klebsiella spp. (4.2%, andCandida glabrata (2.1%. Whereas the control group did not recover from the infectious ear disease, the propolis preparation exhibited antimicrobial activity against most of the microorganisms isolated from samples of the treated group. In addition, no propolis-adverse effects were observed. This allowed propolis-treated patients to show a significant improvement of the clinical parameters. Thus, this new Argentine propolis ear drop formulation may be used for topical treatment of otitis externa in dogs.

  9. Lithologic identification and characterization using ETM+ (Landsat 7. Study case of the Upsala glacier basin, Argentine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Lo Vecchio

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The object of this study aims to evaluate and analyze digital image processing techniques applied to the Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus (ETM+, in order to demark and characterize the outcropping lithologies on the Upsala Glacier basin, Santa Cruz, Argentine Republic. The prolific technological and spatial development experienced in the last decades has given place to the generation, without precedents, of multiple remote sensors capable of capturing information of the terrestrial surface and also the improvement of digital image processing techniques and software; amongst them, the amazing possibilities in the detection and differentiation of diverse covers present on the terrestrial surface can be highlighted, such as glaciers, volcanoes, vegetation, soils, water, types of rock outcrops, etc. This situation improves mapping and monitoring of natural phenomenon in the Earth Sciences field. The proposed methodology includes radiometric corrections, elimination of unwanted covers, statistical evaluation in the combination of the most appropriate bands, application of the Z index, discretization of the statistical series, entailing tasks of spectral classification with field samples and a later validation. Valuable results were obtained by means of digital processing of images, that were validated yielding a 82% of accuracy in the proposed classification, which are good results taking into account the diversity of covers present and the lithological heterogeneity that makes up each pixel (30m. These results were also validated with existing geological maps, obtaining a good agreement.

  10. Neighbourhood socioeconomic status and cardiovascular risk factors: a multilevel analysis of nine cities in the Czech Republic and Germany

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erbel Raimund

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Previous studies have shown that deprived neighbourhoods have higher cardiovascular mortality and morbidity rates. Inequalities in the distribution of behaviour related risk factors are one possible explanation for this trend. In our study, we examined the association between cardiovascular risk factors and neighbourhood characteristics. To assess the consistency of associations the design is cross-national with data from nine industrial towns from the Czech Republic and Germany. Methods We combined datasets from two population based studies, one in Germany ('Heinz Nixdorf Recall (HNR Study', and one in the Czech Republic ('Health, Alcohol and Psychosocial Factors in Eastern Europe (HAPIEE Study'. Participation rates were 56% in the HNR and 55% in the HAPIEE study. The subsample for this particular analysis consists of 11,554 men and women from nine German and Czech towns. Census based information on social characteristics of 326 neighbourhoods were collected from local administrative authorities. We used unemployment rate and overcrowding as area-level markers of socioeconomic status (SES. The cardiovascular risk factors obesity, hypertension, smoking and physical inactivity were used as response variables. Regression models were complemented by individual-level social status (education and relevant covariates. Results Smoking, obesity and low physical activity were more common in deprived neighbourhoods in Germany, even when personal characteristics including individual education were controlled for. For hypertension associations were weak. In the Czech Republic associations were observed for smoking and physical inactivity, but not for obesity and hypertension when individual-level covariates were adjusted for. The strongest association was found for smoking in both countries: in the fully adjusted model the odds ratio for 'high unemployment rate' was 1.30 [95% CI 1.02–1.66] in the Czech Republic and 1.60 [95% CI 1.29

  11. Networks in Argentine agriculture: a multiple-case study approach

    OpenAIRE

    Sebastián Senesi; Fabio Ribas Chaddad; Hernán Palau

    2013-01-01

    Argentina is among the four largest producers of soybeans, sunflower, corn, and wheat, among other agricultural products. Institutional and policy changes during the 1990s fostered the development of Argentine agriculture and the introduction of innovative process and product technologies (no-till, agrochemicals, GMO, GPS) and new investments in modern, large-scale sunflower and soybean processing plants. In addition to technological changes, a "quiet revolution" occurred in the way agricultu...

  12. Liquid baits control Argentine ants sustainably in coastal vineyards

    OpenAIRE

    Cooper, Monica L; Daane, Kent M.; Nelson, Erik H; Varela, Lucia G; Battany, Mark; Tsutsui, Neil D.; Rust, M K

    2008-01-01

    Liquid ant baits are an alternative to broad-spectrum insecticide sprays conventionally used to control Argentine ants. We review the development of liquid ant baits, which capitalize on the ants’ sugar-feeding requirements and social structure to deliver small doses of toxicant throughout the colony. The ant bait program described here, developed for commercial vineyards, also has the potential to facilitate the use of biological controls for mealybug and scale pests. The implementation of a...

  13. Other-initiated repair in Argentine Sign Language

    OpenAIRE

    Manrique Elizabeth

    2016-01-01

    Other-initiated repair is an essential interactional practice to secure mutual understanding in everyday interaction. This article presents evidence from a large conversational corpus of a sign language, showing that signers of Argentine Sign Language (Lengua de Señas Argentina or ‘LSA’), like users of spoken languages, use a systematic set of linguistic formats and practices to indicate troubles of signing, seeing and understanding. The general aim of this article is to provide a...

  14. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF INNOVATION PERFORMANCE IN CERTIFIED FIRMS IN MONTENEGRO AND REPUBLIC OF SRPSKA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zdravko Krivokapic

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Research subjects of this study are certified companies and their commitment to innovation, as well as their own development and implementation of innovation. Certified companies are those companies that have set one or more standards: ISO 9001:2008, ISO 14001: 2004, HACCP, OHSAS 18001, ISO 17025:2006, ISO 27001. The research is based on 60 certified companies in Montenegro and 165 certified companies Republic of Srpska. The research was conducted at certified companies from all regions, for every activity and sizes. For this purpose it was used questionnaire with 91 questions and it was filled in like interview.

  15. Genetic analysis of clinical mastitis data for Holstein cattle in the Czech Republic

    OpenAIRE

    L. Zavadilová; Štípková, M.; Šebková, N.; Svitáková, A.

    2015-01-01

    Cases of mastitis were recorded from 22 812 lactations of 10 294 cows on seven farms in the Czech Republic from 2000 to 2012. The per cow number of clinical mastitis (CM) cases per lactation (CM1), number of days of CM per lactation (CM2), and CM considered as an all-or-none trait (CM3) with values of 0 (no CM case) or 1 (at least 1 CM case) were analyzed with linear animal models. Bivariate linear animal models were used for estimation of genetic correlations between CM tra...

  16. Usage of R in Official Statistics – Survey Data Analysis at the Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jerneja Pikelj

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The paper has two practical purposes. The first one is to analyze how successfully R can be used for data analysis on surveys carried out by the Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia. In order to achieve this goal, we analyzed the data of the Monthly Statistical Survey on Earnings Paid by Legal Persons. The second purpose is to analyze how the assumption on the nonresponse mechanism, which occurs in the sample, impacts the estimated values of the unknown statistics in the survey. Depending on these assumptions, different approaches to adjust the problem caused by unit nonresponse are presented. We conclude the paper with the results of the analysis of the data and the main issues connected with the usage of R in official statistics.

  17. GENETIC ANALYSIS OF PURE ARABIAN BREEDING IN THE REPUBLIC OF CROATIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Čačić

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Pure arab breeding in the Republic of Croatia has very long tradition. Till the 18th century organized breeding was implemented only in bishop Stud Farm Đakovo. Afterwards pure arab breeding was implemented in many private Stud Farms mostly located in Slavonian and Srijem region. Pure arab, traditional arab and araber (arabrasse population of horses make together arabian breeding in the Republic of Croatia. Numerical strength of these three populations has increasing trend through out the years. First imports which were ground for foundation of pure arab breeding in Croatia realized in year 1991. Today, population of pure arab breeding count 37 head, from which 28 is imported and 9 born in Croatia. Pedigree depth in 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 and 10 generation show average coefficient of inbreeding of 1.899%, 3.15%, 4.413%, 5.434%, 6.243%, 6.974% and 7.552%. According to genealogy in all pedigree depths, coefficient of inbreeding was higher (P < 0.01 in imported arab horses than in those born in Croatia.

  18. The Pied Piper of Neo Liberalism Calls the Tune in the Republic of Ireland: An Analysis of Education Policy Text from 2000-2012

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simmie, Geraldine Mooney

    2012-01-01

    This article offers an analysis of the rhetoric of education policy text during the timeframe from 2000 to 2012 in the Republic of Ireland. The study was framed within two different discourses of the role of the teacher: one discourse regards the teacher as a professional within a dynamic system of democratic relations (Anyon, 2011; Apple, 2012;…

  19. Czech Republic

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Hoskovec, Jiří

    New York: Oxford University Press, 2012 - (Baker, D.), s. 138-161. (Oxford Library of Psychology ). ISBN 9780195366556 Institutional support: RVO:68081740 Keywords : Czech Republic * history of psychology * psychology of personality * developmental psychology * health psychology * methodology of psychological research Subject RIV: AN - Psychology

  20. Czech Republic

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Linek, Lukáš

    2015-01-01

    Roč. 54, č. 1 (2015), s. 78-85. ISSN 2047-8852 R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GAP408/12/1474 Institutional support: RVO:68378025 Keywords : Czech politics * political parties * Czech Republic Subject RIV: AD - Politology ; Political Sciences http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/2047-8852.12082/abstract

  1. Czech Republic

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Linek, Lukáš

    2014-01-01

    Roč. 53, č. 1 (2014), s. 92-103. ISSN 2047-8852 R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GAP408/12/1474 Institutional support: RVO:68378025 Keywords : Czech politics * political parties * Czech Republic Subject RIV: AD - Politology ; Political Sciences http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/2047-8852.12043/abstract

  2. XXXVIII Annual meeting of the Argentine Association of Nuclear Technology (AATN 2011)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The 38th Annual meeting of the Argentine Association of Nuclear Technology was organized by the AATN (Asociacion Argentina de Tecnologia Nuclear) in Buenos Aires, Argentine, between the 14 and 18 November of 2011. In this event 146 papers in 16 Sessions, with 13 Plenary Conferences and 3 Roundtables were presented.

  3. Analysis of macronutrients intake and body mass index in preschool children in the western region of the Republic of Srpska

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Đermanović Mirjana

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Childhood obesity is currently considered to be one of the most prevailing and challenging public health issues in industrialized countries and some developing countries, including the Republic of Srpska. Objective. Our objective was to determine macronutrients intake in collective diet of preschool children and to estimate the rate of obesity in this population. Methods. Samples of food intended for preschool children diet were collected in a preschool facility in the western region of the Republic of Srpska. In daily portions, the content of proteins, fats, carbohydrates, water and mineral matter were determined using standard methods. The body mass index was determined on the basis of anthropometric measurements. Results. An average daily meal contained 17.5 g of fats, 19.1 g of proteins and 101.5 g of carbohydrates. The energy value was 676 Kcal. The analysis of the data from the menu showed that the number of consumed servings of fruits, vegetables, legumes, milk and dairy products was less than one portion per day. However, the amount of consumed meat and meat products exceeded one portion per day. Out of the total number of children, 10.0% were undernourished, 16.7% were overweight and 13.3% were obese. Conclusion. Daily portions in the preschool facility are not in accordance with the recommended dietary allowance for energy and carbohydrates intake, and the composition of meals is inadequate. Parents and caregivers should be encouraged to expose young children to a wide variety of fruit and vegetables, whole grains, low-fat dairy products, and to balance food intake with the requirements.

  4. Adjective checklist to assess the big five personality factors in the Argentine population.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ledesma, Rubén D; Sánchez, Roberto; Díaz-Lázaro, Carlos M

    2011-01-01

    The aim of this work was to develop an adjective checklist to assess the Big Five personality factors in the Argentine population. The new instrument was administered to pilot (n= 112), validation (n= 372), and replication (n= 309) samples. The final version of the checklist included 67 adjectives encompassing its 5 dimensions. Factor analysis results were consistent with the Five-factor model. Internal consistency of scales was very good and convergent correlations with the Big Five Inventory (BFI; John, Donahue, & Kentle, 1991) were substantial. Face validity, as evaluated by 2 independent raters, was good. Preliminary evidence of validity for the checklist is presented. Finally, the Adjective Checklist for Personality Assessment and BFI are compared, taking into consideration their psychometric properties in our cultural context. Study limitations and future research are discussed. PMID:21184330

  5. Czech Republic

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This document provides information on the status of institutional and financial arrangements in the Czech Republic for the long term management of HLW and SNF, It includes the following elements: A consistent set of requirements for the technical and legal infrastructure including: funding, liability, institutional control, records management, and research activities; An organizational structure with clearly defined responsibilities; and Provisions for participation by interested parties in decisions and outcomes

  6. Dominican Republic.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-08-01

    The population of the Dominican Republic was estimated at 6.4 million in 1986, with an annual growth rate of 2.4%. The infant mortality rate is 96/1000, and life expectancy is 60 years. The literacy level is 68%. The gross domestic product (GDP) in the Dominican Republic in 1986 was US$5.59 billion, with a real annual growth rate of 1.3% and a per capita GDP of $873. The labor force is distributed as follows: agriculture, 45%; industry and commerce, 21% services, 14%; and government, 20%. The Dominican economy entered a recovery period in 1986, and expenditures were cut to create savings for a massive public investment program. This fiscal spending has created a domestically-led growth of the Dominican economy and increased purchasing power among the poor. However, it remains for the government to come to terms with fiscal and monetary imbalances so that a more sustainable, noninflationary growth of the Dominican economy is ensured. Since 1966, the Dominican Republic has been a representative democracy whose national powers are divided among independent executive, legislative, and judicial branches. PMID:12177938

  7. Radiation technology for sewage sludge treatment: The Argentine project

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Within the environmental applications of ionizing radiation, disinfection of wastewaters or sewage sludges is one of the most best known. Argentina based the project of a full scale irradiation plant on the gamma irradiation application, utilizing Argentine made Cobalt-60 sources. The design characteristics, process descriptions and costs are included. The research project developed information about the irradiation effects on the sludges with respect to plant performance. For the purpose of oxi-irradiation experiments, a lab-scale pool irradiator was constructed and is described. (author)

  8. Uranium occurrences in the pegmatite 'Las Cuevas', province of San Luis, Argentine Republic

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mineral associations found in an uranium deposit of Sierras Pampeanas, San Luis, are considered in these papers. Damourite stands out among the uranium minerals related to uraninite and coffinite. Pyrite, marcasite and other sulphides are found together with apatite and gummite. Autunite is the uranium secondary mineral more abundant. A mineralization with epigenetic contribution by circulating solutions is suggested to the studied area. (Author)

  9. Levels of iodine 129 in coniferous plants in the Argentine Republic

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: Iodine-129 (129I) is produced by spontaneous fission of natural uranium and spallation reactions of cosmic radiation with xenon in the upper atmosphere. The nuclear weapons tests and the normal operation of nuclear facilities (particularly, irradiated nuclear fuel reprocessing plants) release into the environmental small amounts of 129I, as result of the uranium fission. From the point of view of environmental radiological surveillance and safeguards, the measurement of this radionuclide would permit the detection of undeclared spent fuel reprocessing activities. The resinous characteristic of the coniferous plants allows the accumulation of aerosols being an excellent matrix for the 129I determination. Pine, cedar and beef-wood needle samples were taken from the surroundings of Atucha and Embalse nuclear power plants as well as background areas. The obtained results, with the method developed at the N.R.A. laboratory, are the first ones published in this country. Although there is no available data of 129l in coniferous in the Southern hemisphere, concentration levels of 3.330 mBq/kg were reported in the surroundings of fuel reprocessing plants in U.S. and 0,37 mBq/kg of background level. Concentration levels of 532 mBq/kg were measured near Atucha nuclear power plants and 10 mBq/kg in the vicinity of Buenos Aires city. (author)

  10. ENTREPRENEURS RESILIENCE IN THE FORESTRY INDUSTRIAL SECTOR OF THE PROVINCE OF MISIONES – ARGENTINE REPUBLIC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nilda, Tañski

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available As part of the outcome of a research paper called associative management between SMEs (Small and Medium Enterprises in the field of industry and forestry-related activities in the Province of Misiones, this study is carried out. It analyzes the discourses of entrepreneurs of a group of SMEs in the sector of the forest-industry, to verify the existence or not of resilient behaviors and identify the characteristics of these behaviors or styles of fighting adversity by themselves. One describes the contextual hardships which they go through and detect the resilience factors as actions carried out in the different situations.

  11. ARGOS PHWR 380. Argentine offer of a safer pressurized heavy-water reactor of 380 MW. '...a many-eyed guardian...' concerned about nuclear power plant safety

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Reactor vendors in most countries have had lean pickings for the past decade, and ordering seems unlikely to show much growth until the shock wave from the Chernobyl accident has died away. Paradoxically, however, at least one firm sees a niche in the market. ENACE - the Empresa Nuclear Argentina de Centrales Electricas, or Argentine Nuclear Power Plant Corporation - is stepping out into the market place with a newly-designed 380 MWe nuclear power plant. The plant is equipped with a pressurized heavy-water reactor of the pressure vessel type (PHWR). ENACE has adopted new boundary design conditions and has embodied a number of special features to assure safety and economy in operation. The major shareholder in ENACE is the Argentine National Atomic Energy Commission (CNEA). ENACE is the architect-engineer for the NPP projects of the Argentine nuclear programme. It has a licensing agreement with Siemens AG's Kraftwerk Union AG, which is its minor shareholder. Under this agreement, ENACE has the right to use the Siemens-KWU PHWR technology, which was originally developed for the MZFR reactor in the Federal Republic of Germany, as well as their know-how in pressurized (light-) water reactors (PWRs) design and construction. The CNEA also has agreements with Atomic Energy of Canada Ltd. for the transfer of technology related to CANDU-type PTHWRs. The CNEA and ENACE have acquired considerable practical experience from the construction and operation of the 367 MWe Atucha I PHWR and the 648 MWe Embalse PTHWR; ENACE is currently building Argentina's third nuclear power plant, Atucha II, a 745 MWe PHWR. (author)

  12. The effect of airborne particles and weather conditions on pediatric respiratory infections in Cordoba, Argentine

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We studied the effect of estimated PM10 on respiratory infections in children from Cordoba, Argentine as well as the influence of weather factors, socio-economic conditions and education. We analyzed upper and lower respiratory infections and applied a time-series analysis with a quasi-Poisson distribution link function. To control for seasonally varying factors we fitted cubic smoothing splines of date. We also examined community-specific parameters and differences in susceptibility by sex. We found a significant association between particles and respiratory infections. This relationship was affected by mean temperature, atmospheric pressure and wind speed. These effects were stronger in fall, winter and spring for upper respiratory infections while for lower respiratory infections the association was significant only during spring. Low socio-economic conditions and low education levels increased the risk of respiratory infections. These findings add useful information to understand the influence of airborne particles on children health in developing countries. - Highlights: ► Few information is available on children respiratory health from developing countries. ► We modeled the association between PM10 and children's respiratory infections. ► We checked the influence of weather factors, socio-economic conditions, education and sex. ► Temperature, pressure and wind speed modified the effect of particles. ► Low socio-economic conditions and low education levels increased the risk of infections. - The concentration of airborne particles as well as low socio-economic conditions and low education levels are significant risk factors for upper and lower respiratory infections in children from Cordoba, Argentine.

  13. Sensibility analysis of VORIS lava-flow simulations: application to Nyamulagira volcano, Democratic Republic of Congo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. M. Syavulisembo

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Assessment and management of volcanic risk are important scientific, economic, and political issues, especially in densely populated areas threatened by volcanoes. The Virunga area in the Democratic Republic of Congo, with over 1 million inhabitants, has to cope permanently with the threat posed by the active Nyamulagira and Nyiragongo volcanoes. During the past century, Nyamulagira erupted at intervals of 1–4 years – mostly in the form of lava flows – at least 30 times. Its summit and flank eruptions lasted for periods of a few days up to more than two years, and produced lava flows sometimes reaching distances of over 20 km from the volcano, thereby affecting very large areas and having a serious impact on the region of Virunga. In order to identify a useful tool for lava flow hazard assessment at the Goma Volcano Observatory (GVO, we tested VORIS 2.0.1 (Felpeto et al., 2007, a freely available software (http://www.gvb-csic.es based on a probabilistic model that considers topography as the main parameter controlling lava flow propagation. We tested different Digital Elevation Models (DEM – SRTM1, SRTM3, and ASTER GDEM – to analyze the sensibility of the input parameters of VORIS 2.0.1 in simulation of recent historical lava-flow for which the pre-eruption topography is known. The results obtained show that VORIS 2.0.1 is a quick, easy-to-use tool for simulating lava-flow eruptions and replicates to a high degree of accuracy the eruptions tested. In practice, these results will be used by GVO to calibrate VORIS model for lava flow path forecasting during new eruptions, hence contributing to a better volcanic crisis management.

  14. SOCIAL MOOD AND THE MIGRATION INTENTIONS OF YOUTH IN THE REPUBLIC OF MORDOVIA (SOCIOLOGICAL ANALYSIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katerina Vladislavovna Fofanova

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The article studies social mood and the migration intentions of the youth in the Republic of Mordovia. It is focused on theoretical and empirical approaches to the study of social mood, which reveals its integrative nature and the possibility of correlation between social mood and migration intentions. The article is based on the empirical study «Social transformation and the situation of youth in the region», carried out by questionnaire in 2015. The survey sampling is a quota on the basis of age from 16 to 30 years and gender (52% women, 48% men. A total of 260 persons were interrogated (sampling error 5%. The research questionnaire contained a sting of several thematic blocks: the social mood of youth, value orientation, the degree of satisfaction of needs.The results of the study showed that young people in the region can be divided into two almost equal groups with «positive» and «negative» moods. The half of youth assess their financial situation as «satisfactory» and «bad», in the region they has no opportunity to meet the needs associated with professional activities, estimate environmental situation in the region as low, but the spiritual components of their activities, expressed in the communication with friends and family members deserved a more positive evaluation. Pessimism concerning the economic situation and occupational prospects, the awareness of low social status strengthen migration intentions and causes increase in migration flows of young people.Based on the results of the study recommendations, aimed at addressing migration issues in the region, are made.

  15. Trail pheromone disruption of Argentine ant trail formation and foraging.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suckling, David Maxwell; Peck, Robert W; Stringer, Lloyd D; Snook, Kirsten; Banko, Paul C

    2010-01-01

    Trail pheromone disruption of invasive ants is a novel tactic that builds on the development of pheromone-based pest management in other insects. Argentine ant trail pheromone, (Z)-9-hexadecenal, was formulated as a micro-encapsulated sprayable particle and applied against Argentine ant populations in 400 m2 field plots in Hawai'i Volcanoes National Park. A widely dispersed point source strategy for trail pheromone disruption was used. Traffic rates of ants in bioassays of treated filter paper, protected from rainfall and sunlight, indicated the presence of behaviorally significant quantities of pheromone being released from the formulation for up to 59 days. The proportion of plots, under trade wind conditions (2–3 m s−1), with visible trails was reduced for up to 14 days following treatment, and the number of foraging ants at randomly placed tuna-bait cards was similarly reduced. The success of these trail pheromone disruption trials in a natural ecosystem highlights the potential of this method for control of invasive ant species in this and other environments. PMID:20077128

  16. Argentine Radiation Protection Society Experience in RP education and training

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Since its creation in 1967, the Argentine Radiation Protection Society (SAR) promotes all the radiation protection and nuclear safety aspects not only within the scientific, technical and academic areas, but also to general public. To fulfill this objective, SAR organised training and refresher courses, seminars and workshops on RP subjects. During 2002, SAR organised 7 basic and specialized courses regarding the uses of radioactive materials in industrial applications and the course on medical response in radiological accidents, that was attended by Argentine and other Latin American participants. The programmes of the courses are developed in compliance with the legal requirements and also considering specifics needs. In this paper, the characteristics of the courses are enunciated and basic statistics regarding courses and participants are presented. For the 2003 and 2004, SAR foresees the organisation of 18 courses per year and has the capacity to deliver other courses by request. all the courses are delivered in Spanish language. Based on this educational experience SAR consider a priority the inclusion, of a RP module in all the scientific graduate programmes to generate awareness on the importance of RP. Taking into account the migration of professionals to Europe and North America and the Globalization, SAR advocates the harmonization of RP syllabus to attain an international recognition. (Author)

  17. Insertion of Argentine firms in global value chains not oriented to the mass market: The cases of high-end footwear and the Basso group

    OpenAIRE

    González, Andrea; Hallak, Juan Carlos; Schott, Peter; Genta, Tatiana Soria

    2012-01-01

    This paper describes experiences of international insertion of Argentine producers of manufactured goods not oriented to the mass market. Based on these experiences, we develop a typology of potential alternatives of international insertion for this type of goods centered on the role of local agents in design activities. Our analysis follows the global value chain (GVC) approach and emphasizes the links between local producers and buyers in developed countries. First, we analyze experiences o...

  18. Distributional patterns of Argentine marine fishes

    OpenAIRE

    Menni, Roberto Carlos; López, Hugo Luis

    1984-01-01

    Durante un crucero de investigación pesquera llevado a cabo por el B/I "Shinkai Maru" (agosto-setiembre, 1978) los autores identificaron 86 especies de peces capturados en 52 estaciones en una amplia zona del Mar Argentino. Los datos fueron analizados con coeficientes de similitud, "cluster analysis" y análisis de la coordenada principal. Para todos los métodos utilizados se obtuvieron coeficientes de correlación cofenética muy elevados, lo que indica un grado de distorsión muy bajo en los fe...

  19. Argentine activities within the IWGATWR framework

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The status of power reactors and nuclear activity in Argentina for the period 1988-1990 are described. The reactor shutdown at the Central Nuclear Atucha I and repair works are discussed. Joint venture of the Comision Nacional de Energia Atomica and KWU developments are reported, including the conceptual design of an additional heat sink for pressurized water reactors, a feasibility analysis of the Co-60 production in pressure vessel PHWRs and a study of severe postulated accidents for pressure vessel PHWR. 11 refs, 4 figs

  20. Thermal facility for BNCT in RA-1 Argentine research reactor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: A thermal facility for BNCT experiments is being developed in an Argentine Research Reactor: RA-1 'Enrico Fermi'. RA-1 research nuclear reactor is working at Constituyentes Atomic Center, near Buenos Aires, and started operations in 1958. It worked at several power levels, up to 120 k W. Today, RA-1 is licensed to work at 40 k W. RA-1 was used to produce radioisotopes in the early 60's, and today gives irradiation services to test materials, to calibrate detectors and activation analysis. RA-1 users are CNEA researchers, Nuclear Regulatory Authority staff and private laboratories. Boron Neutron Capture Therapy (BNCT) is a method to fight against cancer. It consists to irradiate cancer tumors using thermal neutrons. The tumor tissue should include a dose of a boron solution. The Boron irradiation produces the following nuclear reactions: n + B10→ α + Li7 + γ. Being the α particle a radiation with short range, but high destructive energy, the tumor cells are destroyed. The neutron flux should be of 109 n/cm2seg, and the gamma dose lower than 0.48 s V/h. This method is oriented to treat brain tumors. Taking in account that the brain tumors usually are several centimeters deep in the head, to get thermal neutrons in the tumor is convenient to irradiate the patient using epithermal neutrons. moderation in the cells of the brain will permit to get more thermal neutrons in the tumor. In CNEA BNCT program there is in construction an epithermal clinical facility in the RA-6, a 500 k W research reactor that is at Bariloche Atomic Center. To perform some experiments for instance to test the boron compounds, RA-1 is used. In this experiments little animals like hamsters or bottles with cultivated cells are used, for that reasons thermal neutrons are used. The project in RA-1 consists in several stages. As the first stage a preliminary thermal facility was built. Irradiation times of 45-60 minutes were estimated, at power operation levels of 40 k W. Several

  1. Sending Money Home: An Analysis of the Remittance Market Between the United States and the Dominican Republic: Best Practices

    OpenAIRE

    Augusto Ruiz-Eldridge

    2004-01-01

    This slide is about a Sending Money Home, Remittance Market Between the United States and the Dominican Republic. Presents a Best Practices on Remesas Quisqueyana Inc: Innovative Products, Objective ¿The Ideal Remittance¿ and Ideal Remittance.

  2. Evaluation of the international restraints and limitations on the Argentine nuclear policy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The first part of the book makes a short description of the nuclear development in the 20th. Century in the international, Latin American and Argentine frameworks. The second part outlines the relationship between the nuclear technology and the international relations in the light of the different theoretical models of international relations. Finally the third part analyzes in the international context the Argentine nuclear policy, from the presidency of J. D. Peron that of C. Menem. The international restraints to the Argentine nuclear policy are also described

  3. The norwegian approach to peace : an analysis of the norwegian conflict preventive involvement between Haiti and the Dominican Republic

    OpenAIRE

    2005-01-01

    The overall aim of this thesis has been to examine how the Norwegian Ministry of foreign affairs (MFA) in cooperation with Norwegian Church Aid (NCA) has contributed to preventive conflict resolution through dialogues and negotiations between parties in a possible future conflict situation. The Norwegian involvement in the current peace process between Haiti and the Dominican Republic has constituted the basic case study of this project. The conflict between Haiti and the Dominican Republ...

  4. Cross-borehole flow analysis to characterize fracture connections in the Melechov Granite, Bohemian-Moravian Highland, Czech Republic

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paillet, Frederick L.; Williams, John H.; Urik, Joseph; Lukes, Joseph; Kobr, Miroslav; Mares, Stanislav

    2012-01-01

    Application of the cross-borehole flow method, in which short pumping cycles in one borehole are used to induce time-transient flow in another borehole, demonstrated that a simple hydraulic model can characterize the fracture connections in the bedrock mass between the two boreholes. The analysis determines the properties of fracture connections rather than those of individual fractures intersecting a single borehole; the model contains a limited number of adjustable parameters so that any correlation between measured and simulated flow test data is significant. The test was conducted in two 200-m deep boreholes spaced 21 m apart in the Melechov Granite in the Bohemian-Moravian Highland, Czech Republic. Transient flow was measured at depth stations between the identified transmissive fractures in one of the boreholes during short-term pumping and recovery periods in the other borehole. Simulated flows, based on simple model geometries, closely matched the measured flows. The relative transmissivity and storage of the inferred fracture connections were corroborated by tracer testing. The results demonstrate that it is possible to assess the properties of a fracture flow network despite being restricted to making measurements in boreholes in which a local population of discrete fractures regulates the hydraulic communication with the larger-scale aquifer system.

  5. Genotype analysis of enterotoxin H-positive Staphylococcus aureus strains isolated from food samples in the Czech Republic.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Růzicková, Vladislava; Karpísková, Renata; Pantůcek, Roman; Pospísilová, Markéta; Cerníková, Pavla; Doskar, Jirí

    2008-01-15

    Twenty-eight enterotoxin H-positive Staphylococcus aureus strains isolated from food samples collected in eleven districts of the Czech Republic between 2000 and 2005 were genotypically characterized by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) profiling, spa gene polymorphism analysis, enterobacterial repetitive intergenic consensus sequence-based PCR (ERIC-PCR) fingerprinting and prophage carriage detection. These strains accounted for about 21% of the food-derived, staphylococcal enterotoxin (SE)-positive isolates. One strain, detected in feta cheese, was implicated in a case of enterotoxinosis. Sixteen of the twenty-eight isolates carried the seh gene alone. The remaining twelve strains harbored the seh gene in combination with other enterotoxin genes, most often the seg and sei genes, followed by the sea, seb, sec and sed genes. Comparison of various genomic profiles resulted in the determination of twenty genotypes designated G-1 to G-20. Two new, to date not defined, spa types (t2000 and t2002) were identified in one strain isolated from raw meat and two strains obtained from prepacked pizza. Evidence has been given that the seh-positive S. aureus isolates from foodstuffs did not originate from a single source or a common ancestor. PMID:18054105

  6. Analysis of sediments and plants from the system of five fishponds in the Czech Republic using culture and PCR methods.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klanicova, B; Slany, M; Slana, I

    2014-02-15

    Nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) are ubiquitous organisms that have been isolated from a variety of environmental sources. Several NTM species are responsible for diseases in humans and/or animals known as mycobacterioses. The aim of this study was to determine the levels of NTM in the sediments and plants of five fish ponds in the Czech Republic using culture and quantitative real time PCR (qPCR). Additionally, we investigated if there was any link between environmental samples from the fish ponds and the fish occupying them. A total of 8 NTM (14.0%) were cultured from the aquatic environment. qPCR analysis showed that Mycobacterium avium hominissuis was most frequently present (54.4%), followed by Mycobacterium avium paratuberculosis (42.1%). The least frequently isolated NTM was Mycobacterium avium avium (5.3%). Thus, in this study we confirm the presence of mycobacteria in sediments and aquatic plants in fishponds, which are occupied by fish intended for human consumption. We successfully isolated NTM from the tissue of one fish and confirmed a possible transmission of mycobacteria from the aquatic environment to the fish. Consequently, the consumption of such fish represents a possible risk for consumers, particularly immunocompromised individuals. PMID:24342091

  7. The local scale, from the periphery. An analysis of the agriculture machinery industry in Las Parejas (province of Santa Fe, Argentina, in connection withits its context in the Argentine economy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patricio Narodowski

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper looks into the possibilities that local development strategies inspired in the reality of European countries may be applied to peripheral countries such as Argentina. A difference is made between a global/national context and a local one. the analysis takes into account geographical, sociological and economic discourses which, considering the Italian and French experience, among others, relativize the national scale as the axis of analysis and focus on the local birth as scale of reference. The agricultural machinery businesses of Las Parejas, in the province of Santa Fe, are used to exemplify how a medium-sized city can generate associative projects which help actors to deal with the context, though this is still a business performance and local productive networks life variable.

  8. TGS pipeline primed for Argentine growth, CEO says

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nowhere in Latin America has the privatization process been more aggressively pursued than in Argentina where President Carlos Menem has successfully turned over the bulk of state companies to the private sector. In the energy sector, that meant the divestiture in 1992 of Gas del Estado, the state-owned integrated gas transportation and distribution company. It was split in two transportation companies: Transportadora de Gas del Sur (TGS) and Transportadora de Gas del Norte (TGN), and eight distribution companies. TGS is the largest transporter of natural gas in Argentina, delivering more than 60 percent of that nation's total gas consumption with a capacity of 1.9 Bcf/d. This is the second in a series of Pipeline and Gas Journal special reports that discuss the evolving strategies of the natural gas industry as it continues to restructure amid deregulation. The article focuses on TGS, the Argentine pipeline system in which Enron Corp. is a key participant

  9. Characterization of Argentine Loess and Paleosols by Moessbauer Spectroscopy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We have used Moessbauer spectroscopy to investigate iron-bearing mineral samples of loess and paleosols from a geologic section at La Plata, Argentina, 34 deg. 54' 14'' S and 58 deg. 2' W. Hematite is by far the dominant iron-bearing magnetic component in initial loess and paleosol samples. The samples were also subjected to magnetic separation. The magnetically enriched loess fractions show a remarkable increase in the content of magnetite. The enhancement of non-magnetic Fe3+ and a decrease of Fe2+ mineral phases in the paleosol layer seem to be a consequence of the process of pedogenesis which also caused a dissolution of magnetic iron oxides by weathering. The increase of magnetite in the silt fraction suggests that the wind could have been the main carrier of magnetic minerals, causing the major differences in the magnetic parameters between loess and paleosols in the Argentine loess plateau

  10. Colorado Basin Structure and Rifting, Argentine passive margin

    Science.gov (United States)

    Autin, Julia; Scheck-Wenderoth, Magdalena; Loegering, Markus; Anka, Zahie; Vallejo, Eduardo; Rodriguez, Jorge; Marchal, Denis; Reichert, Christian; di Primio, Rolando

    2010-05-01

    The Argentine margin presents a strong segmentation with considerable strike-slip movements along the fracture zones. We focus on the volcanic segment (between the Salado and Colorado transfer zones), which is characterized by seaward dipping reflectors (SDR) all along the ocean-continent transition [e.g. Franke et al., 2006; Gladczenko et al., 1997; Hinz et al., 1999]. The segment is structured by E-W trending basins, which differs from the South African margin basins and cannot be explained by classical models of rifting. Thus the study of the relationship between the basins and the Argentine margin itself will allow the understanding of their contemporary development. Moreover the comparison of the conjugate margins suggests a particular evolution of rifting and break-up. We firstly focus on the Colorado Basin, which is thought to be the conjugate of the well studied Orange Basin [Hirsch et al., 2009] at the South African margin [e.g. Franke et al., 2006]. This work presents results of a combined approach using seismic interpretation and structural, isostatic and thermal modelling highlighting the structure of the crust. The seismic interpretation shows two rift-related discordances: one intra syn-rift and the break-up unconformity. The overlying sediments of the sag phase are less deformed (no sedimentary wedges) and accumulated before the generation of oceanic crust. The axis of the Colorado Basin trends E-W in the western part, where the deepest pre-rift series are preserved. In contrast, the basin axis turns to a NW-SE direction in its eastern part, where mainly post-rift sediments accumulated. The most distal part reaches the margin slope and opens into the oceanic basin. The general basin direction is almost orthogonal to the present-day margin trend. The most frequent hypothesis explaining this geometry is that the Colorado Basin is an aborted rift resulting from a previous RRR triple junction [e.g. Franke et al., 2002]. The structural interpretation

  11. Knowledge management in the Argentine Nuclear Regulatory Authority

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In 2006, the Argentine Nuclear Regulatory Authority has initiated a regulatory knowledge management process to face the loss of knowledge resulting from retiring experts, the generation gap, and the existing need to train new human resources. A number of projects have been started together with the technical assistance of the National Public Administration Institute to preserve knowledge and render it explicit for the coming generations. These projects include 'The History of the Expert's Learning Process' in which the majority of the most critical experts have been interviewed so far. The results of this project help envision a training structure and prospective projects. An Internet Site has also been created on the Intranet in order to render knowledge explicit and facilitate the tools for knowledge management initiatives. Furthermore, ARN's knowledge map project has also been started. (author)

  12. Detection of Argentine onions treated with 60 Co irradiation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Brazil has been the most important MERCOSUL's purchaser of fresh onions from Argentina. The increased claim for this fresh product has forced a consensus between the members nations, as regards to phytosanitary restrictions. The radio inhibition is described on National Food Codes in Brazil and Argentina. Methods of food irradiation detection must be performed, since they increase the consumer confidence. Quick and simple screening tests indicate whether a food product has been irradiated or not. This present study verified the DNA fragments of argentine fresh onions, produced during radiation process and 6 months of storage period. The DNA fragments are analyzed for detection of irradiated foods. The irradiated onions presented extensive DNA migrations, as comets, when submitted to agarose gel electrophoresis. They also showed more shelf life compared to the unirradiated onions. The unirradiated samples exhibited only limited DNA migration. This initial screen method showed to be effective for detection of irradiated onions. (author)

  13. Republic of Kazakhstan : Country Procurement Assessment Report

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank

    2002-01-01

    This Country Procurement Assessment Report (CPAR) is the first such report carried out for the Republic of Kazakhstan. It is based on an extensive review, qualitative analysis and discussion on the procurement environment in the Republic of Kazakhstan. The report includes: (i) the compatibility or otherwise of the national public procurement regime with the Bank's Procurement Guidelines; (...

  14. Annual Report ABACC 2003 - Brazilian-Argentine Agency for the Accounting and Control of Nuclear Materials

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This Report describes the actions of the Brazil-Argentine of Accounting and Control of Nuclear Materials (ABACC), during the year of 2003. The developed work allowed to concluded that there is no event indicating that any nuclear material non-accounted for were deviated for non permitted activities by the Agreement for Peaceful Use of Nuclear Energy between Argentine and Brazil and by the Four Parties Agreement among these countries, the ABACC and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)

  15. Testing baits to control Argentine ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in vineyards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Daane, Kent M; Cooper, Monica L; Sime, Karen R; Nelson, Erik H; Battany, Mark C; Rust, Michael K

    2008-06-01

    Liquid baits were evaluated for control of the Argentine ant, Linepithema humile (Mayr) (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), and associated mealybug and soft scale pests in California vineyards. In 2003, liquid baits with small doses ofimidacloprid, boric acid, or thiamethoxam dissolved in 25% sucrose water resulted in lower ant and mealybug densities and fruit damage, compared with an untreated control. Similar treatments in a soft scale-infested vineyard showed only a reduction of ant density and fruit infestation in only the boric acid and thiamethoxam treatments. In 2004, commercial and noncommercial formulations of liquid baits reduced ant densities in three separate trials, but they had inconsistent effects on mealybug densities and fruit infestation; granular protein bait had no effect. Using large plots and commercial application methodologies, liquid bait deployed in June resulted in lower ant density and fruit infestation, but it had no effect on mealybug density. Across all trials, liquid bait treatments resulted in lower ant density (12 of 14 trials) and fruit damage (11 of 14 sites), presenting the first report of liquid baits applied using commercial methodologies that resulted in a reduction of ants and their associated hemipteran crop damage. For commercialization of liquid baits, we showed that any of the tested insecticides can suppress Argentine ants when properly delivered in the crop system. For imidacloprid, bait dispensers must be protected from sunlight to reduce photodegradation. Results suggest that incomplete ant suppression can suppress mealybug densities. However, after ant populations are suppressed, there may be a longer period before hemipteran populations are effectively suppressed. Therefore, liquid baits should be considered part of a multiseason program rather than a direct, in-season control of hemipteran pest populations. PMID:18613568

  16. Networks in Argentine agriculture: a multiple-case study approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sebastián Senesi

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Argentina is among the four largest producers of soybeans, sunflower, corn, and wheat, among other agricultural products. Institutional and policy changes during the 1990s fostered the development of Argentine agriculture and the introduction of innovative process and product technologies (no-till, agrochemicals, GMO, GPS and new investments in modern, large-scale sunflower and soybean processing plants. In addition to technological changes, a "quiet revolution" occurred in the way agricultural production was carried out and organized: from self-production or ownership agriculture to a contract-based agriculture. The objective of this paper is to explore and describe the emergence of networks in the Argentine crop production sector. The paper presents and describes four cases that currently represent about 50% of total grain and oilseed production in Argentina: "informal hybrid form", "agricultural trust fund", "investor-oriented corporate structure", and "network of networks". In all cases, hybrid forms involve a group of actors linked by common objectives, mainly to gain scale, share resources, and improve the profitability of the business. Informal contracts seem to be the most common way of organizing the agriculture process, but using short-term contracts and sequential interfirm collaboration. Networks of networks involve long-term relationships and social development, and reciprocal interfirm collaboration. Agricultural trust fund and investor-oriented corporate structures have combined interfirm collaboration and medium-term relationships. These organizational forms are highly flexible and show a great capacity to adapt to challenges; they are competitive because they enjoy aligned incentives, flexibility, and adaptability.

  17. Democratic Republic of the Congo Poverty and Social Impact Analysis : Mine Sector Reform

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank

    2007-01-01

    Although the initial impetus for this poverty and social impact analysis (PSIA) was to inform the Gecamines retrenchment program, it quickly became evident during the scoping that the policy issues fell into two broad categories: a) Short term which involved the key issues of inquiry focusing on what the impact of this program might be, how to mitigate negative effects, and, according to t...

  18. PUBLIC INTEREST AND PRIVATE INTEREST: AN ANALYSIS FROM THE COLONY TO THE PROCLAMATION OF THE REPUBLIC IN BRAZIL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriel Dolabela Raemy Rangel

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to show that between colonization and the proclamation of the republic in Brazil, private institution played a prominent role in the formation of Brazilian bureaucracy, making the boundaries between public and private interest not so well defined. Soon after the discovery of the country, it was up to the private sector to explore and populate the country through the system of hereditary captaincies. This performance of the private sector was maintained throughout the colonization. On the other hand, the proclamation of the republic did not have the participation of the common people, on the contrary, it was marked by authoritarianism and satisfied the interests of a few.

  19. THE ANALYSIS OF THE ART MARKET FROM REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA WITH INNOVATIVE MARKETING ELEMENTS (based on the author's interview

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olga PERCINSCHI

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The actuality of this research consists in the less developed of art market in the Republic of Moldova and lack of researches in this domain. The goal of the article is to analyze the art market of the Republic of Moldova with innovative marketing elements. The method of this article is based on interviews conducted with painters, owners of art galleries, art salons were highlighted barriers that hinder the development of the art market in Moldova. The main results are identified ways to overcome and directions for the development of effective marketing that will enhance the country's competitiveness as a whole.

  20. The analysis of costs related to bovine spongiform encephalopathy disease occurrence in the Czech Republic in 2001–2014

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Richard POSPÍŠIL

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper pays attention to analysis of the economic impacts of the bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE occurrence in the Czech Republic, namely the financial compensations to the farmers whose herds had been affected and the costs of animal killing and carcass disposal in the rendering plant. Between February 2001 and the end of 2014, a total of 1 879 749 cows were examined and 30 cases of the BSE were detected. Consequently, 4 243 cows in cohorts were killed and their carcasses were safely disposed of. The farmers whose herds had been affected were provided compensations for the losses suffered. The total of the compensations in this period reached EUR 7 752 000. Of these, 83.3 % (EUR 6 458 000 were compensations for the value of the killed animals, 9.7 % (EUR 752 000 for the related costs, i.e., killing, safe disposal of carcasses and the examination for the BSE, and 6.9 % (EUR 535 000 for the losses due to non-materialised production. The average costs per 1 BSE-positive animal were EUR 258 400 and the average costs per 1 cohort animal were EUR 1 827. In the rendering plant responsible for killing the infected and cohort animals and safely disposing of their carcasses, the total of 2 342 tons of raw material was processed between March 2003 and 2009, and this cost EUR 363 777. The fact that there were only two last cases of the BSE in 2009 suggests a trend towards the disease eradication, which is in agreement with the situation in the other EU countries.

  1. Academic education in addictology (addiction science in the Czech Republic: Analysis of the (pre-1989 historical origins

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miovsky Michal

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND - In the Czech Republic, education in addiction science consists of a distinctive and interconnected system of non-medical healthcare education on the Bachelor’s (Bc and Master’s (MA levels, followed by a doctoral study programme (PhD. Addictology (addiction science as a new term is defined as a distinct and independent field of scientific inquiry on addictive behaviours and the risk environment of substance use, aiming at scientific and professional excellence relevant to society. AIMS - This case study seeks to identify, describe and explain important events in shaping the historical context of the Czech education and research programmes in addictology. DESIGN - The historical review is based on qualitative content analysis of central written documents. RESULTS - In the 19th century Czech territory, problematic alcohol use was addressed through self-help activities in the second half of the nineteenth century. During the 1950s and 1960s, a new generation of Czech psychiatrists emerged with an interest in alcohol treatment and in research of hallucinogenic drugs. A patient education bulletin Apolinárský zápisník [Apolinar Diary] was launched in 1951 and was later also used for education of treatment professionals in connection with other self-help and quasi-self-help activities. The monographs Alkoholism (1957 and Toxicomany (1973 conceptualised the core of abstinence-oriented historical traditions and developments. A separation of approaches to legal and illegal drugs can be observed in the 1970s. In 1967, a new and intensive training model was introduced for psychiatrists and psychotherapists, leading into specialisation in psychotherapy and addiction. Because of the Iron Curtain, Czech practitioners had to develop their own concept of addiction and ideas on training psychotherapists so they could not be labelled western or anti-state, or be subject to intense state control.

  2. Economy-wide material flow indicators in the Czech Republic: trends, decoupling analysis and uncertainties

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Kovanda, J.; Hák, T.; Janáček, Jiří

    2008-01-01

    Roč. 35, č. 1 (2008), s. 25-41. ISSN 0957-4352 Grant ostatní: GA ČR(CZ) GA205/04/0582; GA MŽP(CZ) SM/320/2/03 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z50110509 Keywords : material flow indicators * trends * decoupling analysis Subject RIV: AH - Economics Impact factor: 0.568, year: 2008

  3. Service marketing application analysis in the case of driving schools in the Republic of Croatia

    OpenAIRE

    Silvije Jerčinović

    2007-01-01

    In the contemporary era it is impossible not to observe the presence of marketing elements in all social segments and its activities. As marketing is a philosophy of universal principals, it could be applied in all areas including the service sector, although with certain modifications. An analysis of driving schools’ service marketing will provide general comprehension of services as an object of the interchange on the local service market. The survey that was conducted is an effort to creat...

  4. Activation analysis of toxic elements in meat and farinaceous foodstuffs of the Republic of Argentina

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    As a result of the industrial and agrochemical developments, there has been an increase of the environmental pollution. Foodstuffs are one of the ways of incorporating some heavy metals or other contaminants into the human body. So, it is important to know the amount of these elements in the food consumed by the population. Our project on determination of toxic elements in meat and farinaceous food largely consumed in our country, was carried out by neutron activation analysis. Different kinds of flours and noodles were analyzed as farinaceous, and hamburgers and sausages as manufactured meat products. Specific separation methods were developed by radiochemical neutron activation analysis for As, Sb, Se, Hg and Cd. All these separations were based on precipitation or coprecipitation of the elements as sulphides. Other elements such as Fe, Br, Co, Zn, Rb, and also Se, were analyzed using instrumental neutron activation analysis. Using daily intake of analyzed foodstuffs from consumption tables and their average elemental composition, an intake of the studied elements was calculated. The values obtained for toxic elements were lower than the maximum permissible levels in Argentina. The results of this project could serve as a basis of a wider study including more foodstuffs as raw meat and will be used by other research groups. (author). 8 refs, 3 figs, 4 tabs

  5. ANALYSIS OF SMEs FINANCING IN THE REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA – CONDITIONS AND PERSPECTIVES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ANETA RISTESKA

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available SMEs play a crucial role in furthering growth, innovation and prosperity. Unfortunately, they are strongly restricted in accessing the capital that they require to grow and expand. Banks in developing countries are in turn hampered by the lack of lender information and regulatory support to engage in SME lending. Hence, the main aim of the research is identification of factors that significantly influence the access to the capital, and determine the financial state of the investigated entities in Macedonia. Considering the facts from the analysis in the end of the paper will be propose many recommendations for improving the financial support for SMEs in Macedonia

  6. Acerca de la transitividad de los procesos de comunicación en el discurso económico de divulgación argentino (On the transitivity analysis of communication processes in Argentine economic media discourse

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juliana Montarcé

    2014-12-01

    Cardiff model (Fawcett, 2000, 2008, 2011, forthcoming a, forthcoming b, we explore the transitivity system of communication processes in the economic media discourse in Spanish. In the Cardiff Grammar, verbal processes are conceived as a subset of mental processes of cognition and they have a configuration of three participant roles: Agent + Affected Cognizant + Phenomenon. The participant role Agent gives information or knowledge to an Affected who, thereafter, becomes Cognizant, and so comes to know of some Phenomenon. It is assumed that these three roles are inherent in this process type, i.e., they are required at the level of meaning, even if they are covert and sometimes unrealized at the level of form (Fawcett, in preparation a, in preparation b. In this paper, we analyze a subset (50 texts of a corpus called DIDIECO (Economic Media Discourse, built according to the principles of Corpus Linguistics (Biber, 1993; McEnery & Wilson, 2001; Parodi, 2010. In order to annotate the corpus, syntactic and semantic analysis were made, applying verification tests (Fawcett, 2011 for participants roles. Our main purposes are: (i distinguish criteria to identify members of the class “communication process”; (ii determine the frequency of instantiation of each verb in this kind of discourse; (iii extend in delicacy the system network proposed by Fawcett, based on the concept of “lexis as most delicate grammar” (Halliday, 1961, and (iv consider the diversity of verbs that realize communication processes in the light of the discourse in which they are inserted.

  7. Analysis of Drug Policy in the Republic of Slovenia and in the EU Context: A Platform for Prevention in Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kvaternik, Ines; Rihter, Liljana

    2012-01-01

    Aims: This article presents an overview of the strategies and measures used in the context of school-based prevention in Slovenia, both on a declaratory and on a practical level. Methods: A review of the Resolution on the National Programme on Drugs in the Republic of Slovenia [ReNPPD (2004). Resolucija o nacionalnem programu na podrocju drog…

  8. Sampling and analysis of volcanic gases: the example of the Ardoukoba eruption (Republic of Djibouti, 7 - 14 November 1978)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gas chromatography has been applied successfully to determine many compounds of interest in air pollution work as well as in volcanological studies. A specially designed gas chromatographic procedure is thoroughly described (together with several other analytical methods). The chemical composition of volcanic gases from the Ardoukoba eruption (Republic of Djibouti, November 1978) are given as an example of applicability of these techniques

  9. AN OVERVIEW AND ANALYSIS OF ENERGY CHALLENGES IN THE REPUBLIC OF CROATIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rada Cristina IRIMIE

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines the key energy challenges that Croatia faces, how those challenges are likely to evolve in the coming years, and some possible solutions to the issues presented. While there is a wide variety of issues that Croatia will need to address, this paper will address two of the most pressing: reliance on energy imports, and an inadequate power grid and energy infrastructure. After identifying current vulnerabilities that the country is facing, the analysis points out the trends and the ongoing challenges regarding the demand for energy in Croatia. Finally, this paper concludes with the recommendation that Croatia pursue a multi-pronged approach to renewable energy generation, emphasizing decentralized production as the most time and cost effective strategy until the national power grid can be sufficiently upgraded and integrated to support more centralized approaches. Its geographic location, immanent admission to the EU and potential for diverse domestic sources of renewable energy combine to set the stage for a bright future for Croatia’s economic development, as long as the Croatian authorities place a priority on a multi - pronged approach to energy sources on the one hand, while continuing to work to a unified energy infrastructure on the other.

  10. Mutation analysis of the PALB2 gene in unselected pancreatic cancer patients in the Czech Republic.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Borecka, M; Zemankova, P; Vocka, M; Soucek, P; Soukupova, J; Kleiblova, P; Sevcik, J; Kleibl, Z; Janatova, M

    2016-05-01

    Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) has the worst prognosis among common solid cancer diagnoses. It has been shown that up to 10% of PDAC cases have a familial component. Characterization of PDAC-susceptibility genes could reveal high-risk individuals and patients that may benefit from tailored therapy. Hereditary mutations in PALB2 (Partner and Localizer of BRCA2) gene has been shown to predispose, namely to PDAC and breast cancers; however, frequencies of mutations vary among distinct geographical populations. Using the combination of sequencing, high-resolution melting and multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification analyses, we screened the entire PALB2 gene in 152 unselected Czech PDAC patients. Truncating mutations were identified in three (2.0%) patients. Genotyping of found PALB2 variants in 1226 control samples revealed one carrier of PALB2 truncating variant (0.08%; P = 0.005). The mean age at PDAC diagnosis was significantly lower among PALB2 mutation carriers (51 years) than in non-carriers (63 years; P = 0.016). Only one patient carrying germline PALB2 mutation had a positive family breast cancer history. Our results indicate that hereditary PALB2 mutation represents clinically considerable genetic factor increasing PDAC susceptibility in our population and that analysis of PALB2 should be considered not only in PDAC patients with familial history of breast or pancreatic cancers but also in younger PDAC patients without family cancer history. PMID:27106063

  11. Petrographic analysis of samples from the uranium deposit at Oklo, Republic of Gabon

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This study is preliminary to detailed X-ray diffraction analysis and additional electron microprobe analyses. Twenty samples were examined; seven from reactor zone 9 (RZ-9), ten from RZ-10, two from RZ-13 and one from RZ-16. This suite of samples includes examples from reactor cores and their associated hydrothermal alteration haloes. The most striking characteristic of the Oklo samples is their heterogeneity. In particular, the samples vary with respect to texture, mineralogy, uranium mineral content, and evidence for deformation. Deformation features provide evidence for both shear and extensional stresses and include brecciation and a variety of mineralized fractures. Opaque phases include orgainc matter, uraninite, coffinite, and sulfides. In many cases, the opaque assemblage is concentrated along fractures. Considerable textural evidence, viz., embayed grain margins and fractures with nonparallel margins, suggests partial dissolution of uraninite in the Oklo ores. Uraninite with embayed margins is commonly accompanied by organic matter. Oklo uraninites are, in many cases, altered to produce coffinite (USiO4.nH2O) and are associated with varying quantities of galena at grain boundaries, within fractures, and within individual grains at intracrystalline locations. Textural evidence suggests multiple periods of uraninite formation. Electron microprobe data are presented for uraninites from RZ-13. Analytical data are discussed for Oklo reactor zones 2, 9, 10, 13, and 16 and for the reactor at Bangombe. Uraninites are compositionally similar with respect to Pb for RZ-2, RZ-9, RZ-13, RZ-16 and for the Bangombe reactor (average content of PbO is 5.92 weight %). Lead contents for uraninites from RZ-10 are generally higher and more variable than for the other reactor zones (e.g., PbO content for RZ-10 uraninites ranges from approximately 12 to 18 weight %). (orig.)

  12. Cosmic radiation dosimetry in international flights argentine airlines

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: Introduction: In commercial aviation the most important determinants of radiation exposure in humans are the altitude, latitude, flight duration and the solar cycle's period. This study was conducted to address this type of exposure trough radiation dosimetry. Method: The study was performed in the business-class cabin of an Airbus 340-200 aircraft, provided by Argentine Airlines, during 2 flights routes: New York-Miami-Buenos Aires (trans equatorial) and Buenos Aires-Auckland (circumpolar). Measurements addressed the electromagnetic spectrum or low Linear Energy Transfer (LET) and corpuscular radiation (High LET). The instruments used were an Ion Chamber (IC), to measure the ionizing component of radiation (i.e., gamma radiation), the SWENDI, to measure only the neutron component, and the Tissue Equivalent Proportional Counter (TEPC) for measuring all radiation types. Results: The routes' dose rates are presented in the table. TEPC rates agreed with the LET findings. The total dose rates of high latitude flights were higher than those of low latitude flights. The SWENDI (High LET) results for the flights over the equator, at low latitude, represented only 1/3 of the total radiation. The New York-Miami and Buenos Aires-Auckland flights, at high latitude, represented just under 1/2 of the Total radiation (-45%). Conclusion: Based on the results of this study, the annual dose rates of radiation exposure of air crew personnel serving on international flights offered by Argentine Airlines is between 3 and 7 mSv. This rate is higher than the maximum recommended for the general population by the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP), which is 1 milli Sv./y. Therefore, these personnel must be officially considered 'Occupationally Exposed to Radiation' in way to provide the appropriate measures that must be implemented for their protection in accordance to ICRP guidelines. Dose(uSv): Route N Y-Miami, IC 6.07, SWENDI 5.07, TEPC 11.04; Route

  13. Analiza Strukture Nezaposlenosti Visokoobrazovanih Kadrova u Republici Srpskoj i Mjere za Njezino Smanjenje / Analysis Of the Unemployment Structure of Highly Educated Personnel in the Republic of Srpska and Measures for its Reduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mastilo

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The paper aims to analyse the structure of unemployed highly educated staff in the Republic of Srpska. As indicated, such structure shall enable analysis of unemployment of highly educated staff as well as of vacant jobs on the basis of gender and profession, thus demonstrating that more than 1/2 of the staff after graduation finds themselves at the Employment Agency. This survey shall provide data indicating the unemployment duration of highly educated staff, i.e. the time they spend waiting for their first job at the Employment Agency. Unemployment analysis throughout various regions of the Republic of Srpska shall be addressed in detail. Likewise, the relevant institutions of the Republic of Srpska, acting as proxies between highly educated people and the labour market, shall be integrated in the analysis. The paper shall be particularly focused on assessment of unemployment of highly educated people from the field of economy. The problem of unemployment in the Republic of Srpska has been particularly pronounced with the last few years (2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013 and 2014. It is constantly deepened due to the inadequate enrolment policy by the Ministry and the inability of the labour market to absorb the staff in the real and the public sector. The analysis is not based exclusively on the Republic of Srpska. The measures to reduce unemployment of highly educated people in the Republic of Srpska shall also be introduced. It is evident that today’s society faces massive unemployment, including the unemployment of highly educated people in the Republic of Srpska, which represents an enormous issue, and is after all, the focus of the paper itself.

  14. Education and training in radiological protection in the Argentine region- IAEA, toward a long term commitment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Argentine Republic has extensive antecedents in education and training in radiological protection. From the beginning of the nuclear activity in the country was given preponderance to the aspects related with the radiological protection and the personnel's training involved in the employment of ionizing radiations. At the present time these educational activities already overcome the 50 years, there being accumulated a rich and important experience in the matter. In the country the organisms that have assigned by law the responsibility of the regulation and the control of practice them with ionizing radiations are the Nuclear Regulatory Authority and the Ministry of Health and Atmosphere of the Nation. The first one has the mission of protecting people of the noxious effects of the ionizing radiations derived of nuclear activities, the second is in charge of the control of the equipment dedicated specifically to generate X-rays. This includes the responsibility of elaborating, to emit and to make complete the regulations, standards and other corresponding requirements, in particular - in the mark of the present work - regarding to establish demands and to promote education activities and training in radiological protection. The sure use of the benefits that offers the nuclear development in its diverse applications implies to overturn resources, experience and dedication for the personnel's training. In that sense the Argentina has committed recently to undertake the necessary actions to constitute a Regional Center of Education and Training for Latin America and the Caribbean, taking advantage of the important experience obtained in more of 25 years of imparting graduate degree courses in radiological protection and nuclear safety with inter regional and regional character. With that purpose a process of self evaluation has begun (self appraisal), following the limits settled down by the International Atomic Energy Agency in the document 'Education and

  15. Analysis of Influence of Terrain Relief Roughness on dem Accuracy Generated from LIDAR in the Czech Republic Territory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hubacek, M.; Kovarik, V.; Kratochvil, V.

    2016-06-01

    Digital elevation models are today a common part of geographic information systems and derived applications. The way of their creation is varied. It depends on the extent of area, required accuracy, delivery time, financial resources and technologies available. The first model covering the whole territory of the Czech Republic was created already in the early 1980's. Currently, the 5th DEM generation is being finished. Data collection for this model was realized using the airborne laser scanning which allowed creating the DEM of a new generation having the precision up to a decimetre. Model of such a precision expands the possibilities of employing the DEM and it also offers new opportunities for the use of elevation data especially in a domain of modelling the phenomena dependent on highly accurate data. The examples are precise modelling of hydrological phenomena, studying micro-relief objects, modelling the vehicle movement, detecting and describing historical changes of a landscape, designing constructions etc. Due to a nature of the technology used for collecting data and generating DEM, it is assumed that the resulting model achieves lower accuracy in areas covered by vegetation and in built-up areas. Therefore the verification of model accuracy was carried out in five selected areas in Moravia. The network of check points was established using a total station in each area. To determine the reference heights of check points, the known geodetic points whose heights were defined using levelling were used. Up to several thousands of points were surveyed in each area. Individual points were selected according to a different configuration of relief, different surface types, and different vegetation coverage. The sets of deviations were obtained by comparing the DEM 5G heights with reference heights which was followed by verification of tested elevation model. Results of the analysis showed that the model reaches generally higher precision than the declared one in

  16. Active tectonics in the Argentine Precordillera and Western Sierras Pampeanas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L.L. Siame

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available The Andean foreland of western Argentina (28°S-33°S corresponds to retroarc deformations associated with the ongoing flat subduction of the Nazca plate beneath the South American lithosphere. This region is characterized by high levels of seismic activity and crustal active faulting. To improve earthquake source identification and characterization in the San Juan region, data from seismology, structural geology and quantitative geomorphology were integrated and combined to provide a seismotectonic model. In this seismotectonic model, the Andean back-arc of western Argentina can be regarded as an obliquely converging foreland where Plio-Quaternary deformations are partitioned between strike-slip and thrust motions that are localized on the E-verging, thin-skinned Argentine Precordillera, and the W-verging thick-skinned Sierras Pampeanas, respectively. In this seismotectonic model, the Sierra Pie de Palo appears to be a key structure playing a major role in the partitioning of the Plio-Quaternary deformations.

  17. Argentine regulatory experience on industrial gammagraphy in radioprotection

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Industrial gammagraphy has always been responsible for the highest rates of radiological incidents in almost every part of the world. This is mainly due to the high activities of the radioactive sources used, which are constantly transported in the equipment that contains them between the storage and the areas of work, and is also due to work load pressures which may induce to negligence in following the operational procedures, if a strong Safety Culture does not exist. The purpose of this paper is to present the main aspects of the argentine regulations relating to radiation protection to control this practice and to contribute in this way to reduce the associated risks. In addition, some incidents occurred in Argentina during the latest years, the causes that led to those events and their relation to the in observance of the regulations in force, their consequences and the measures taken to repair them are described. Finally, the importance of the role that education and training has in the strengthening of Safety Culture, key element of all undertaking, is highlighted. (author)

  18. [Distribution of Lutzomyia longipalpis in the Argentine Mesopotamia, 2010].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salomon, Oscar D; Fernandez, Maria S; Santini, María S; Saavedra, Silvina; Montiel, Natalia; Ramos, Marina A; Rosa, Juan R; Szelag, Enrique A; Martinez, Mariela F

    2011-01-01

    The first case of visceral leishmaniasis (VL) in Argentina was reported in 2006 in Posadas, Misiones. During the summer 2008-2009 Lutzomyia longipalpis, the VL vector, and canine VL cases were already spread along the province of Corrientes. In order to know the distribution of VL risk, systematic captures of the vector were performed between February and March 2010, in 18 areas of the provinces of Entre Ríos and Corrientes, and the city of Puerto Iguazú, Misiones, with a total of 313 traps/night. We confirmed the presence of Lu. longipalpis, for the first time in Chajarí (Entre Ríos), Alvear, La Cruz, Curuzú Cuatiá and Bella Vista (Corrientes), and Puerto Iguazú (Misiones). In Santo Tome and Monte Caseros (Corrientes), where the vector had been previously reported, traps with more samples were obtained with 830 and 126 Lu. Longipalpis trap/site/night respectively. These results show that the vector of urban VL continues spreading in the Argentine territory. Simultaneously, the spread of the parasite and the resulting human VL cases are associated with the dispersion of reservoirs, infected dogs, with or without clinical symptoms or signs, due to human transit. PMID:21296716

  19. BNCT for skin melanoma in extremities: Updated Argentine clinical results

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    As part of phase I/II melanoma BNCT clinical trial conducted in Argentina in a cooperative effort of the Argentine Atomic Energy Commission (CNEA) and the Oncology Institute Angel H. Roffo (IOAHR), 7 patients (6 female-1 male) received eight treatment sessions covering ten anatomical areas located in extremities. Mean age of the patients was 64 years (51-74). The treatments were performed between October 2003 and June 2007. All patients presented multiple subcutaneous skin metastases of melanoma and received an infusion containing ∼14 gr/m2 of 10borophenyl-alanine (BPA) followed by the exposition of the area to a mixed thermal-epithermal neutron beam at the RA-6 reactor. The maximum prescribed dose to normal skin ranged from 16.5 to 24 Gy-Eq and normal tissue administered dose varied from 15.8 to 27.5 Gy-Eq. Considering evaluable nodules, 69.3% of overall response and 30.7% of no changes were seen. The toxicity was acceptable, with 3 out of 10 evaluable areas showing ulceration (30% toxicity grade 3).

  20. Argentine regulatory experience concerning radiation protection in industrial gammagraphy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Industrial gammagraphy has always been responsible for the highest rates of radiological incidents in almost every part of the world. This is mainly due to the high activities of the radioactive sources used, which are constantly transported in the equipment that contains them between the storage and the areas of work, and is also due to workload pressures which may induce to negligence in following the operational procedures, if a strong Safety Culture does not exist. The purpose of this paper is to present the main aspects of the Argentine Regulations relating to radiation protection to control this practice and to contribute in this way to reduce the associated risks. In addition, some incidents occurred in Argentina during the latest years, the causes that led to those events and their relation to the in observance of the regulations in force, their consequences and the measures taken to repair them are described. Finally, the importance of the role that education and training has in the strengthening of Safety Culture, key element of all undertaking, is highlighted. (author)

  1. Nuclear trade: an approach on the Argentine situation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Argentine nuclear trade regime. Nuclear Materials. Definitions. Stages. From early times of nuclear development an actual and strict monopoly governed the transfers of nuclear materials. That meant: the Federal State took the control as user, producer, purchaser or seller. This policy was inspired and clearly echoed a similar one developed by countries with important development in the nuclear field. Types of contracts on nuclear commerce. Relation with costs implied with the nuclear industry. Uranium mining. System of supplies. Development of factories of nuclear supplies. Incentives. Nuclear Power. Radioisotopes. Human Resources. Ways of intervention of the State on nuclear Commerce. The right of veto. The ownership of shares in private or public corporations. Export- import controls. Security and Safety standards. National Act of Nuclear Activity. Veto of the Executive Power to the monopoly of the exclusive national supply of uranium. Comparative policies on other fields or products in Argentina. A proposal of lege ferenda. State's right of transformation applicable to purchases and sales of nuclear materials. Exchange and loans. Cosignature of contracts, etc. (author)

  2. Insecticide transfer efficiency and lethal load in Argentine ants

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hooper-Bui, L. M.; Kwok, E. S. C.; Buchholz, B. A.; Rust, M. K.; Eastmond, D. A.; Vogel, J. S.

    2015-10-01

    Trophallaxis between individual worker ants and the toxicant load in dead and live Argentine ants (Linepithema humile) in colonies exposed to fipronil and hydramethylnon experimental baits were examined using accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS). About 50% of the content of the crop containing trace levels of 14C-sucrose, 14C-hydramethylnon, and 14C-fipronil was shared between single donor and recipient ants. Dead workers and queens contained significantly more hydramethylnon (122.7 and 22.4 amol/μg ant, respectively) than did live workers and queens (96.3 and 10.4 amol/μg ant, respectively). Dead workers had significantly more fipronil (420.3 amol/μg ant) than did live workers (208.5 amol/μg ant), but dead and live queens had equal fipronil levels (59.5 and 54.3 amol/μg ant, respectively). The distribution of fipronil differed within the bodies of dead and live queens; the highest amounts of fipronil were recovered in the thorax of dead queens whereas live queens had the highest levels in the head. Resurgence of polygynous ant colonies treated with hydramethylnon baits may be explained by queen survival resulting from sublethal doses due to a slowing of trophallaxis throughout the colony. Bait strategies and dose levels for controlling insect pests need to be based on the specific toxicant properties and trophic strategies for targeting the entire colony.

  3. Labour productivity of agricultural business companies and cooperatives in the Czech Republic: A micro-regional level analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ženka Jan

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Drawing on empirical evidence from the Czech Republic, differences in agricultural labour productivity at the micro-regional level are examined. The role of geographical factors: natural conditions, landscape fragmentation, localisation and urbanization economies, are discussed. In addition, we also test the effects of farm size structure to capture the results of internal scale economies. The key importance of natural conditions is confirmed: they were significantly more important than farm characteristics such as size structure, ownership status and mode of production. Regional agricultural labour productivity was positively influenced by the nominal price of agricultural land and population density. Surprisingly, micro-regions dominated by large farms performed at lower productivity levels than micro-regions with fragmented farm size structure in the Czech Republic.

  4. Forest baseline and deforestation map of the Dominican Republic through the analysis of time series of MODIS data.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sangermano, Florencia; Bol, Leslie; Galvis, Pedro; Gullison, Raymond E; Hardner, Jared; Ross, Gail S

    2015-09-01

    Deforestation is one of the major threats to habitats in the Dominican Republic. In this work we present a forest baseline for the year 2000 and a deforestation map for the year 2011. Maps were derived from Moderate Resolution Imaging Radiometer (MODIS) products at 250 m resolution. The vegetation continuous fields product (MOD44B) for the year 2000 was used to produce the forest baseline, while the vegetation indices product (MOD13Q1) was used to detect change between 2000 and 2011. Major findings based on the data presented here are reported in the manuscript "Habitat suitability and protection status of four species of amphibians in the Dominican Republic" (Sangermano et al., Appl. Geogr.,) [7].63, 2015, 55-65. PMID:26217817

  5. Social accountability for maternal health services in Muanda and Bolenge Health Zones, Democratic Republic of Congo: a situation analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Mafuta, Eric M; Dieleman, Marjolein A.; Hogema, Lisanne M.; Khomba, Paul N.; Zioko, François M.; Kayembe, Patrick K.; de Cock Buning, Tjard; Mambu, Thérèse N. M.

    2015-01-01

    Background The Democratic Republic of the Congo is one of the countries in Sub-Saharan Africa with the highest maternal mortality ratio estimated at 846 deaths per 100,000 live births. Innovative strategies such as social accountability are needed to improve both health service delivery and utilization. Indeed, social accountability is a form of citizen engagement defined as the ‘extent and capability of citizens to hold politicians, policy makers and providers accountable and make them respo...

  6. Analysis of macronutrients intake and body mass index in preschool children in the western region of the Republic of Srpska

    OpenAIRE

    Đermanović Mirjana; Miletić Ivanka; Pavlović Zoran

    2015-01-01

    Introduction. Childhood obesity is currently considered to be one of the most prevailing and challenging public health issues in industrialized countries and some developing countries, including the Republic of Srpska. Objective. Our objective was to determine macronutrients intake in collective diet of preschool children and to estimate the rate of obesity in this population. Methods. Samples of food intended for preschool children diet were collected in a...

  7. PUBLIC INTEREST AND PRIVATE INTEREST: AN ANALYSIS FROM THE COLONY TO THE PROCLAMATION OF THE REPUBLIC IN BRAZIL

    OpenAIRE

    Gabriel Dolabela Raemy Rangel

    2015-01-01

    This article aims to show that between colonization and the proclamation of the republic in Brazil, private institution played a prominent role in the formation of Brazilian bureaucracy, making the boundaries between public and private interest not so well defined. Soon after the discovery of the country, it was up to the private sector to explore and populate the country through the system of hereditary captaincies. This performance of the private sector was maintained throughout the coloniz...

  8. Realization of sport and recreation curriculum at University "Goce Delcev" Stip, Republic of Macedonia - analysis of students opinions

    OpenAIRE

    Popeska, Biljana; Jovanova-Mitkovska, Snezana

    2014-01-01

    University sport is a composed part of university curricula at all faculties at the University “Goce Delcev”in Sthip, Republic of Macedonia. It is realized as a university subject named as Sport and recreation. The aim of this paper is to present the realization of Sport and recreation curriculum analyzing student’s opinions for educational process of Sport and recreation, its organization, realization and the expected effects. The research was realized on a sample of 670 examiners, full time...

  9. Les intellectuels espagnols exilés dans l'Argentine peroniste

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laurent Bonardi

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available El gobierno argentino del general Perón reveló ser un verdadero chaleco salvavidas para la dictadura española. Esta política de cooperación provoca una viva oposición en Argentina. Este trabajo propone un análisis de las reacciones de los intelectuales españoles exiliados en Argentina. Observaremos de que manera los intelectuales españoles lucharon contra la dictadura franquista durante el idilio hispano-argentino y analizaremos el “modus operandi” adoptado por el gobierno peronista para obstaculizar las actividades anti-franquistas en el exilio.__________________ABSTRACT:The Argentine government of general Perón becomes an authentic life jacket for the Spanish dictatorship. This policy of cooperation triggers ample dispproval in Argentina. We propose an analysis of the reactions of the spanish intellectuals exiled in Argentina. We will see how the Spanish intellectuals fight against the Franco dictatorship during the honeymoon Hispanic-Argentinean. Also we will analyze the modus operandi adopted by the Peronist government to prevent the antifrancoist activities of the exiliados.

  10. Korea, Republic of

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    the job training in supplier's organizations. The first half of 1980s was a period when further education and training efforts were made to support the accumulation of nuclear power technology including nuclear safety control, and related fields for nuclear industries. The education and training in the second half of 1980s and the 1990s was devoted to the provision of courses mainly for the localization and transfer of foreign suppliers' technologies to Korean nuclear personnel through classroom based courses in the Republic of Korea as well as overseas on-the-job training and joint design in the suppliers' organizations. The courses covered NSSS design and reactor safety, the design of nuclear fuel, rod and assembly, safety analysis, thermal hydraulic core design, and nuclear fuel service. From this period, the Republic of Korea began providing its own international courses to other countries. Entering into the first decade of the new millennium, the Republic of Korea's nuclear education and training has become more active in sharing its experience with other countries

  11. Perspectives on Argentine Migration to Spain: Oral, Journal and Film Sources

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Susana Schmidt

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available This contribution takes up our doctoral research –Argentine migrationto Spain- to share some theoretical-methodological considerations.We refer to the conceptualization of "transnational social spaces," an approach that allows us to consider migration in its double dimension origin/destination and is particularly useful to thing the relationship between migration and creation of social and cultural ties in the Hispano-Argentine or Argentine-Spanish space. Similarly, the transnational spaces approach allows to put in dialog diverse social groups involved in the phenomenon: the migrants themselves, whose life stories are analysed by using oral sources; the society of origin and the host society, analysing collective image through journal sources; the filmmakers, whose migration stories we discussmigration through various fiction films; and, of course, historians and other social scientists who study these migrations.

  12. Coordination of the U.S. DOE-Argentine National Atomic Energy Commission (CNEA) science and technology implementing arrangement. Final report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In 1989, the US Department of Energy (DOE) established the Office of Environmental Management (EM) and delegated to the office the responsibility of cleaning up the US nuclear weapons complex. EM's mission has three primary activities: (1) to assess, remediate, and monitor contaminated sites and facilities; (2) to store, treat, and dispose of wastes from past and current operations; and (3) to develop and implement innovative technologies for environmental remediation. To this end, EM has established domestic and international cooperative technology development programs, including one with the Republic of Argentina. Cooperating with Argentine scientific institutes and industry meets US cleanup objectives by: (1) identifying and accessing Argentine EM-related technologies, thereby leveraging investments and providing cost-savings; (2) improving access to technical information, scientific expertise, and technologies applicable to EM needs; and (3) fostering the development of innovative environmental technologies by increasing US private sector opportunities in Argentina in EM-related areas. Florida International University's Hemispheric Center for Environmental Technology (FIU-HCET) serves as DOE-OST's primary technology transfer agent. FIU-HCET acts as the coordinating and managing body for the Department of Energy (DOE)-Argentina National Atomic Energy Commission (CNEA) Arrangement. Activities include implementing standard operating procedures, tracking various technical projects, hosting visiting scientists, advising DOE of potential joint projects based on previous studies, and demonstrating/transferring desired technology. HCET hosts and directs the annual Joint Coordinating Committee for Radioactive and Mixed Waste Management meeting between the DOE and CNEA representatives. Additionally, HCET is evaluating the possibility of establishing similar arrangements with other Latin American countries

  13. Coordination of the U.S. DOE-Argentine National Atomic Energy Commission (CNEA) science and technology implementing arrangement. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ebadian, M.A.

    1998-01-01

    In 1989, the US Department of Energy (DOE) established the Office of Environmental Management (EM) and delegated to the office the responsibility of cleaning up the US nuclear weapons complex. EM`s mission has three primary activities: (1) to assess, remediate, and monitor contaminated sites and facilities; (2) to store, treat, and dispose of wastes from past and current operations; and (3) to develop and implement innovative technologies for environmental remediation. To this end, EM has established domestic and international cooperative technology development programs, including one with the Republic of Argentina. Cooperating with Argentine scientific institutes and industry meets US cleanup objectives by: (1) identifying and accessing Argentine EM-related technologies, thereby leveraging investments and providing cost-savings; (2) improving access to technical information, scientific expertise, and technologies applicable to EM needs; and (3) fostering the development of innovative environmental technologies by increasing US private sector opportunities in Argentina in EM-related areas. Florida International University`s Hemispheric Center for Environmental Technology (FIU-HCET) serves as DOE-OST`s primary technology transfer agent. FIU-HCET acts as the coordinating and managing body for the Department of Energy (DOE)-Argentina National Atomic Energy Commission (CNEA) Arrangement. Activities include implementing standard operating procedures, tracking various technical projects, hosting visiting scientists, advising DOE of potential joint projects based on previous studies, and demonstrating/transferring desired technology. HCET hosts and directs the annual Joint Coordinating Committee for Radioactive and Mixed Waste Management meeting between the DOE and CNEA representatives. Additionally, HCET is evaluating the possibility of establishing similar arrangements with other Latin American countries.

  14. Combined effect of hemipteran control and liquid bait on Argentine ant populations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brightwell, R J; Bambara, S B; Silverman, J

    2010-10-01

    The invasive Argentine ant, Linepithema humile (Mayr), has become a worldwide problem capable of inflicting significant ecological and economic injury on urban, agricultural, and natural environments. The mobility of this pest ant has long been noted, rapidly moving nests to new food resources and then away as resources are depleted. This ant, like many pest ant species, has a special affinity for honeydew excreted by phloem-feeding Hemiptera. We investigated the effect of various hemipteran control strategies on terrapin scale densities and measured their indirect effect on local Argentine ant densities and foraging effort. We then determined whether this indirect treatment strategy improved the performance of an ant bait. We predicted that Argentine ants would move nests away from trees treated for Hemiptera and then move nests back when a liquid bait was offered, followed by a decline in ant numbers due to intake of the toxicant. A horticultural oil spray and soil application of the systemic insecticide, imidacloprid, had no effect on terrapin scale numbers. However, trunk-injected dicrotophos caused a reduction in scale and a decline in local Argentine ant nest density and canopy foraging effort. We also recorded a reduction in local Argentine ant ground foraging when large amounts of liquid bait were applied, and we found no evidence that combining dicrotophos with liquid ant bait performed better than each treatment alone. We suggest that a strategy of combined hemipteran control plus application of liquid ant bait can reduce local Argentine ant densities, when both components of this system are highly efficacious. PMID:21061981

  15. DNA barcoding identifies Argentine fishes from marine and brackish waters.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ezequiel Mabragaña

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: DNA barcoding has been advanced as a promising tool to aid species identification and discovery through the use of short, standardized gene targets. Despite extensive taxonomic studies, for a variety of reasons the identification of fishes can be problematic, even for experts. DNA barcoding is proving to be a useful tool in this context. However, its broad application is impeded by the need to construct a comprehensive reference sequence library for all fish species. Here, we make a regional contribution to this grand challenge by calibrating the species discrimination efficiency of barcoding among 125 Argentine fish species, representing nearly one third of the known fauna, and examine the utility of these data to address several key taxonomic uncertainties pertaining to species in this region. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Specimens were collected and morphologically identified during crusies conducted between 2005 and 2008. The standard BARCODE fragment of COI was amplified and bi-directionally sequenced from 577 specimens (mean of 5 specimens/species, and all specimens and sequence data were archived and interrogated using analytical tools available on the Barcode of Life Data System (BOLD; www.barcodinglife.org. Nearly all species exhibited discrete clusters of closely related haplogroups which permitted the discrimination of 95% of the species (i.e. 119/125 examined while cases of shared haplotypes were detected among just three species-pairs. Notably, barcoding aided the identification of a new species of skate, Dipturus argentinensis, permitted the recognition of Genypterus brasiliensis as a valid species and questions the generic assignment of Paralichthys isosceles. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: This study constitutes a significant contribution to the global barcode reference sequence library for fishes and demonstrates the utility of barcoding for regional species identification. As an independent assessment of alpha

  16. DNA Barcoding Identifies Argentine Fishes from Marine and Brackish Waters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mabragaña, Ezequiel; Díaz de Astarloa, Juan Martín; Hanner, Robert; Zhang, Junbin; González Castro, Mariano

    2011-01-01

    Background DNA barcoding has been advanced as a promising tool to aid species identification and discovery through the use of short, standardized gene targets. Despite extensive taxonomic studies, for a variety of reasons the identification of fishes can be problematic, even for experts. DNA barcoding is proving to be a useful tool in this context. However, its broad application is impeded by the need to construct a comprehensive reference sequence library for all fish species. Here, we make a regional contribution to this grand challenge by calibrating the species discrimination efficiency of barcoding among 125 Argentine fish species, representing nearly one third of the known fauna, and examine the utility of these data to address several key taxonomic uncertainties pertaining to species in this region. Methodology/Principal Findings Specimens were collected and morphologically identified during crusies conducted between 2005 and 2008. The standard BARCODE fragment of COI was amplified and bi-directionally sequenced from 577 specimens (mean of 5 specimens/species), and all specimens and sequence data were archived and interrogated using analytical tools available on the Barcode of Life Data System (BOLD; www.barcodinglife.org). Nearly all species exhibited discrete clusters of closely related haplogroups which permitted the discrimination of 95% of the species (i.e. 119/125) examined while cases of shared haplotypes were detected among just three species-pairs. Notably, barcoding aided the identification of a new species of skate, Dipturus argentinensis, permitted the recognition of Genypterus brasiliensis as a valid species and questions the generic assignment of Paralichthys isosceles. Conclusions/Significance This study constitutes a significant contribution to the global barcode reference sequence library for fishes and demonstrates the utility of barcoding for regional species identification. As an independent assessment of alpha taxonomy, barcodes provide

  17. Governing the sense of belonging: An anthropological analysis of "culture"and "identity" in the Constitution of the Republic of Serbia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Čarna Brković

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The topic of this work is critical reconsideration of a cultural idea which is standardized by the highest political-legal document of the Republic of Serbia. I am starting from the assumption that if in the Constitution as a "founding legal and political document of a state", are incorporated concepts of human rights, and, particularly, the rights of the minorities (as set apart and protected, then a certain idea is standardized by it, i.e., a concept about what is Culture or what it should be. The analysis points out to three main problems which stem from writings about culture in the Constitution of the Republic of Serbia from 2006. Firstly, the concept of culture used in the Constitution is grounded in the aged anthropological idea of culture as a complete, homogenous, and authentic whole. This idea of culture carries a great potential for creating cultural conflicts. Secondly, the ways of managing cultural belonging are not carefully considered. The writers of the Constitution have not offered the mechanisms to resolve the potential cultural clashes in which all conflicted parties respect the constitutionally offered solutions. Thirdly, in the Constitution, theses of liberal and multicultural policy of identity are not carefully united. Combining the idea of free and equal citizens with the recognition of specific cultural rights of the minority’s demands developing a specific system for overcoming their contradictions. Such a system has not been offered by the Constitution.

  18. Analysis of the indices of thermal comfort for the conditions of the Mexican Republic; Analisis de los indices de confort termico para las condiciones de la republica mexicana

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fuentes Freixanet, Victor; Rodriguez Viqueira, Manuel [Universidad Autonoma Metropolitana - Unidad Azcapotzalco (Mexico)

    2009-07-15

    The objective of this article is to analyze different indices of thermal comfort for the Mexican Republic. Among them the Fanger (PMV and PPD) physiological methods of comfort and the new effective temperature index are included. The standard effective temperature (SET), as well as the adaptive methods of Humphreys and Nicol, Auliciems, De Dear and Brager. A comparative analysis is done of the different indices through thematic maps determined by interpolation, using a climatic data base of 700 cities obtained from the observatories and stations of the National Meteorological Service. This article pretends to establish general criteria of the thermal comfort to later define design strategies for each one of the climatic regions of the Mexican Republic. [Spanish] El objetivo de este articulo es analizar distintos indices de confort termico para la Republica Mexicana. Entre ellos se incluyen los metodos fisiologicos de confort de Fanger (PMV y PPD), el indice de nueva temperatura efectiva. La temperatura efectiva estandar (SET), asi como los metodos adaptativos de Humphreys y Nicol, Auliciems, De Dear y Brager. Se hace un analisis comparativo de los distintos indices a traves de mapas tematicos determinados por interpolacion, usando una base de datos climaticos de 700 ciudades obtenidos de los observatorios y estaciones del Servicio Meteorologico Nacional. Este articulo presenta establecer criterios generales del confort termico para posteriormente definir estrategias de diseno para cada una de las regiones climaticas de la Republica Mexicana.

  19. The Competitive Threat Posed by the People's Republic of China to Latin America: An Analysis for 1990-2002

    OpenAIRE

    Lall, Sanjaya; Weiss, John

    2005-01-01

    This paper explores the competitive threat posed by the People’s Republic of China to markets in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC). It focuses on the impact of PRC’s rise as a major exporter of manufactures, but it also considers bilateral trade between LAC and PRC. In response to falling trade costs and greater international capital mobility, PRC has emerged as a major exporter at both the labor-intensive low technology and increasingly at the knowledge-intensive higher technology end of...

  20. Analysis on the Control Function of the Dewan Perwakilan Daerah (Regional Representatives Council The Republic of Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    - Fatmawati

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available The Dewan Perwakilan Daerah (Regional Representatives Council - DPD and the Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat (House of Representatives - DPR are institutions which represent the people in the parliament of the Republic of Indonesia. However, these two institutions do not have equal powers, including the powers related to the control function. The DPD’s function related to control is provided for under Article 22D paragraph (3, Article 23E paragraph (2, and Article 23F paragraph (1 of the Third Amendment to the 1945 Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia. The DPD can exercise control of the implementation of certain laws related to regional interests, the implementation of the State Budget, taxes, education and religion, reporting on the results of supervision exercised by it to the DPR; it receives the results of state finance audit conducted by the Badan Pemeriksa Keuangan (Audit Board - BPK, and provides its consideration to the DPR in electing members of BPK. Based on a comparison among various countries it is evident that although some countries have weaker control authorities compared to those of the DPD, it is the DPD elected directly through the general elections which has the weakest authority among them. Proportionate powers need to be granted to the DPD in order to ensure that that the objective of its establishment in representing the interests of the regions may be achieved.

  1. Effects of honeydew-producing hemipteran denial on local argentine ant distribution and boric acid bait performance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brightwell, R J; Silverman, J

    2009-06-01

    The Argentine ant is well known for its affinity for honeydew and is often associated with hemipteran outbreaks in agricultural and urban environments. It has been suggested that Argentine ants may be controlled by restricting access to honeydew, thereby forcing the ants to move or by encouraging increased liquid toxicant intake. We tested this possible control strategy by restricting Argentine ant access to the honeydew-producing terrapin scale within the canopy of red maple trees and monitoring ant numbers with pitfall traps and nest counts in the mulch around the tree base. Argentine ant nest numbers fell dramatically in the mulch around ant-excluded trees; however, there was no reduction in Argentine ant numbers caught in pitfalls around trees with or without canopy access. We added 0.5% boric acid bait stations at the base of the red maples and monitored bait consumption. Pitfall and nest counts were not affected by the addition of boric acid, although bait consumption was lower around ant-excluded trees, suggesting that restricting access to honeydew-producing Hemiptera did not enhance bait performance. We attribute this result to the increased distance Argentine ant workers had to trail from nest to bait station when not tending nearby terrapin scale. We suggest an alternative management strategy concentrating direct insecticidal control of Argentine ants around a few host plants infested with honeydew-producing Hemiptera by controlling Hemiptera in nearby host plants. PMID:19610434

  2. The Utility of Seasonal Climate Forecasts: Understanding Argentine Farmers' Attribute Priorities and Trade-Offs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seipt, E. C.; Easterling, W. E.

    2007-05-01

    A distinct El Niño - Southern Oscillation (ENSO) signal and its impacts have been confirmed in the Argentine Pampas, and precipitation variability is currently recognized as the region's most marked ENSO-driven influence. In the Pampas, precipitation is also a major limiting factor for agricultural production given spatial differences in soil water storage capacities and the region's relatively minimal use of irrigation. Seasonal climate forecasts that provide advanced knowledge of expected ENSO-driven precipitation anomalies may benefit farm management decision-making by helping to either mitigate potentially negative consequences or to take advantage of potentially positive influences. To be useful and applicable, however, these forecasts must suit the decisions that they are meant to inform. In this research, a case study is presented that investigates how farmers in the Pampas prioritize and trade off specific attributes of a seasonal climate forecast (i.e., mode of distribution, spatial resolution, lead time, and forecast performance) when judging its utility. A conjoint analysis evaluation decomposes holistic evaluations of forecasts into the part-worth utilities associated with their different attributes. Part-worth utilities combine to reveal the structure of farmers' forecast utility preferences - a model of the decision-making process. Utility preference structures are analyzed to compute the importance value of each attribute and to determine the trade-offs that farmers find acceptable between different attributes. Analysis indicates that, on average, spatial resolution is the most influential attribute in determining climate forecast utility. Attribute trade-off values suggest that advances in spatial resolution, forecast performance, and/or product dissemination via the Internet offer the greatest potential for increasing the utility of future seasonal climate forecasts for farmers in the Pampas.

  3. Behavioural and chemical evidence for multiple colonisation of the Argentine ant, Linepithema humile, in the Western Cape, South Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wossler Theresa C

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The Argentine ant, Linepithema humile, is a widespread invasive ant species that has successfully established in nearly all continents across the globe. Argentine ants are characterised by a social structure known as unicoloniality, where territorial boundaries between nests are absent and intraspecific aggression is rare. This is particularly pronounced in introduced populations and results in the formation of large and spatially expansive supercolonies. Although it is amongst the most well studied of invasive ants, very little work has been done on this ant in South Africa. In this first study, we investigate the population structure of Argentine ants in South Africa. We use behavioural (aggression tests and chemical (CHC approaches to investigate the population structure of Argentine ants within the Western Cape, identify the number of supercolonies and infer number of introductions. Results Both the aggression assays and chemical data revealed that the Western Cape Argentine ant population can be divided into two behaviourally and chemically distinct supercolonies. Intraspecific aggression was evident between the two supercolonies of Argentine ants with ants able to discriminate among conspecific non-nestmates. This discrimination is linked to the divergence in cuticular hydrocarbon profiles of ants originating from the two supercolonies. Conclusions The presence of these two distinct supercolonies is suggestive of at least two independent introductions of this ant within the Western Cape. Moreover, the pattern of colonisation observed in this study, with the two colonies interspersed, is in agreement with global patterns of Argentine ant invasions. Our findings are of interest because recent studies show that Argentine ants from South Africa are different from those identified in other introduced ranges and therefore provide an opportunity to further understand factors that determine the distributional and spread

  4. Schooling and Governance: Pedagogical Knowledge and Bureaucratic Expertise in the Genesis of the Argentine Educational System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Southwell, Myriam

    2013-01-01

    The consolidation of the Argentine Federal Government by the 1870s aimed to modernise local society, establish state institutions and reach political stabilisation. Building a modern schooling system articulated both utopia and bureaucracy by establishing the use of knowledge as an instrument of social intervention, vindicating and legitimising…

  5. High-resolution stable isotope stratigraphy of the upper Cambrian and Ordovician in the Argentine Precordillera

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sial, A.N.; Peralta, S.; Gaucher, C.; Toselli, A.J.; Ferreira, V.P.; Frei, Robert; Parada, M.A.; Pimentel, M.M.; Pereira, Natan Silva

    2013-01-01

    We report the occurrence of important carbon isotope excursions in early Paleozoic formations of the Eastern and Central Argentine Precordillera. The Steptoean positive isotope carbon excursion (SPICE) is known from North America, Kazakhstan, South China, Australia and South America, and the nega...

  6. Abstracts of the 81. national meeting on physics of the Argentine Physics Association (AFA)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Abstracts are presented at the 81 Annual meeting of the Argentine Physics Association (AFA). The papers can be grouped under the following main topics: teaching, history and philosophy of physics; classical and quantum physics: particles and fields; statistical physics and thermodynamics; nuclear physics; atomic and molecular physics; optic; fluid dynamics and plasmas; condensed matter; instrumentation; geophysics and astrophysics. refs., ills

  7. Annual Report 2007 - ABACC - Brazilian-Argentine Agency for Accounting and Control of Nuclear Materials

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This document reports activities during the year 2007 related to: technical activities as application of safeguards; management of the Quadripartite Agreement and the SCCC - Common System for Accounting and Control of Nuclear Materials; training; technical cooperation; outlook for 2008 and; institutional, administrative and financial activities; technical glossary; list of brazilian facilities; list of argentine facilities and a list of institution of nuclear area

  8. Morphostructures of the Czech Republic

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Demek, J.; Kirchner, Karel; Mackovčin, P.; Slavík, P.

    Pécs : Institute of Geography, University of Pécs, 2007 - (Varga, G.; Kovács, I.). s. 3-4 ISBN 978-963-9632-13-4. [Carpatho-Balkan-Dinaric conference on geomorphology. 24.10.2007-28.10.2007, Pécs] Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z30860518 Keywords : morphostructures * morphostructural analysis * tectonic evolution * Czech Republic Subject RIV: DE - Earth Magnetism, Geodesy, Geography

  9. Powerful motors: Kinship, citizenship and the transformation of the Argentine oil industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shever, Elana

    The privatization of the Argentine oil industry has been described as an unprecedented transfer of property, capital and control from the state to the corporate sphere, but this study demonstrates that the privatization process is better understood as a transformation of the historical configurations of oil-fueled development, political communities and human subjectivities. This dissertation probes the development of the state-led oil industry, and the shift to a corporate-led one, through an ethnography of Argentines differently positioned in relation to the global oil industry. The ethnography explores the lives of middle class oil workers and their families in Northwest Patagonia, impoverished residents of the shanty neighborhoods near the refineries in metropolitan Buenos Aires, and affluent employees of the translocal corporations operating in the Argentine oil fields. After the Introduction delineates this study's four principal interventions into anthropological scholarship, each subsequent chapter engages a particular problem that cuts across the Argentine oil fields and the anthropological theoretical fields. Chapter Two scrutinizes the historical construction of the Argentine subterritory as a "natural" space of value. Chapters Three and Four investigate the articulation of capitalist production and filial reproduction. These chapters argue that sentiment is a crucial generative force that has shaped the oil industry, company towns and worker families from the founding of the state-owned oil company in beginning of the twentieth century to its conversion into a corporate-owned one at the century's close. Chapters Five and Six examine the emergence of consumer citizenship and corporate citizenship out of Argentine neoliberalismo and its transformation of the oil industry. They argue that consumer and corporate citizenship are both reformulations of the older traditions of liberalism and Peronism. All the chapters of this dissertation illustrate that the

  10. Corruption in the Czech Republic. A situation analysis from the point of view of German companies in the Czech market

    OpenAIRE

    Lochman, Anna-Lena

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this research is to provide an overview of corruption in the Czech Republic, and especially in German companies operating in the Czech market. Moreover, the goal is to develop recommendations for German companies to better prevent and combat corruption while doing business in the Czech Republic. Primary data was collected both in the form of an online survey, by contacting a sample of German companies operating in the Czech Republic, and in the form of interviews with two relev...

  11. Forest baseline and deforestation map of the Dominican Republic through the analysis of time series of MODIS data

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Florencia Sangermano

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Deforestation is one of the major threats to habitats in the Dominican Republic. In this work we present a forest baseline for the year 2000 and a deforestation map for the year 2011. Maps were derived from Moderate Resolution Imaging Radiometer (MODIS products at 250 m resolution. The vegetation continuous fields product (MOD44B for the year 2000 was used to produce the forest baseline, while the vegetation indices product (MOD13Q1 was used to detect change between 2000 and 2011. Major findings based on the data presented here are reported in the manuscript “Habitat suitability and protection status of four species of amphibians in the Dominican Republic” (Sangermano et al., Appl. Geogr., [7].63, 2015, 55–65

  12. Abiotic factors control invasion by Argentine ants at the community scale.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Menke, Sean B; Holway, David A

    2006-03-01

    1. A prominent and unresolved question in ecology concerns why communities differ in their susceptibility to invasion. While studies often emphasize biotic resistance, it is less widely appreciated how the physical environment affects community vulnerability to invasion. 2. In this study we performed field experiments to test how abiotic variation directly and indirectly influences the extent to which Linepithema humile Mayr (Argentine ants) invade seasonally dry environments in southern California. 3. In controlled and replicated experiments involving drip irrigation, we demonstrate (i) that elevated levels of soil moisture increased both the abundance of Argentine ants and their ability to invade native ant communities and (ii) that cessation of irrigation caused declines in the abundance of Argentine ants and led to their withdrawal from previously occupied areas. 4. Because drip irrigation stimulated plant growth, in an additional experiment we manipulated both soil moisture and plant cover to assess the direct vs. indirect effects of added water on the abundance of L. humile. 5. Local abundance of Argentine ants increased in irrigated plots but was 38% higher in irrigated plots with plants compared to irrigated plots where plant growth was suppressed. The results of this experiment thus argue for a direct role of soil moisture in influencing Argentine ant abundance but suggest that that the indirect effects of added water may also be important. 6. Our study illustrates more generally that fine-scale variation in the physical environment can control whether communities become invaded by non-native species and suggests that an understanding of community susceptibility to invasion will be improved by a better appreciation of interactions between the biotic and abiotic environment. PMID:16637990

  13. Democratic Republic of Congo

    OpenAIRE

    Bou-Habib, Chadi; Kebede, Ephraim

    2016-01-01

    The high level of exports and their product and market concentration exposes the Democratic Republic of Congo to the economic fluctuations of the country's trade partners. This paper uses the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development trade data set to analyze the Democratic Republic of Congo's export patterns for the period 1960-2014. The data confirm that the country's exports re...

  14. Analysis of pharmacists' opinions, attitudes and experiences with generic drugs and generic substitution in the Czech Republic.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maly, Josef; Dosedel, Martin; Kubena, Ales; Vlcek, Jiri

    2013-01-01

    Generic substitution (GS) is an integral part of drug policy in many countries. Similarly to other countries its introduction in the Czech Republic gave rise to a vibrant discussion. The aim of the study was to map and analyze pharmacists' opinions of, attitudes towards and experiences with generic drugs and GS after the first year from its legislative embodiment in the Czech Republic. All 7,665 members of the Czech Chamber of Pharmacists were addressed to participate in a questionnaire survey between November 2008 and March 2009. The questionnaire consisted of 28 questions concerning the issue of generic drugs and GS and was divided into five sections. All collected data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and correlations were tested by selected parametric and non-parametric tests. A total of 615 completed questionnaire forms were returned (a questionnaire return rate of 8.0%). The demographic characteristics of the respondents were as follows: 470 (76.4%) females, mean age of 37.5 years (SD = 10.4) and 429 (69.6%) pharmacists with a practice specialization. Altogether 345 (56.1%) respondents became aware of the issue of brand name and generic drugs during their undergraduate studies. 378 (61.5%) respondents considered generic drugs as bioequivalent and 455 (74.0%) respondents as therapeutically equivalent to the respective brand name drugs. 99 (16.1%) pharmacists believed that generic products are of lower quality than branded drugs and 69 (11.2%) respondents expected generics to cause more adverse drug reactions. GS was perceived as a positive tool by 476 (77.4%) respondents. Only 71 (11.5%) respondents showed acquaintance with all the legal rules for GS. Legislation awareness and attitude towards GS was correlated with age (p awareness can minimize adverse drug events caused by generic drugs and at the same time enhance the professional status of pharmacists. PMID:24147373

  15. The experience of nuclear objects of the national nuclear center of the republic of Kazakhstan vulnerability analysis conducting with the help of assess analytic system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: In the Republic of Kazakhstan there is a number of nuclear objects which are potentially attractive to terrorists and criminal groups. They are also nuclear objects of the National Nuclear Center of the Republic of Kazakhstan (NNC RK) where there are research nuclear reactors with highly enriched nuclear fuel and nuclear materials storage. Within the international collaboration in the field of non-proliferation between the Republic of Kazakhstan and the United States of America in the period of 1996-1998 scientists of the Institute of Atomic Energy (IAE) of the NNC RK together with colleagues from the USA had conducted the system of works concerning vulnerability analysis of three nuclear objects of the NNC RK (reactor complexes IGR, 'Baikal-1' and WWR-K). It also concerned working out the projects of physical protection systems of the mentioned above objects modernization based on the conducted vulnerability analysis. These works included: identification of potential outer and inner threat for nuclear objects of the NNC RK; conducting of the analysis of vulnerability and expected risk of prospective threats for nuclear objects of the NNC RK with the help of analytical program for conducting of ASSESS nuclear objects vulnerability diagnosis; expert estimation of the results received in the course of vulnerability analysis and working out of recommendations on modernization of the systems of NNC RK nuclear objects (reactor complexes IGR, 'Baikal-1' and VVR-K) physical protection; working out of conceptual projects of NNC RK nuclear objects physical protection systems modification. The key point of the work was the vulnerability analysis conducting which required detailed examination of the basic data that provide modeling of aims, routes of movement and evaluation of potential violators detection probability in the protected zones, buildings and reactor systems premises. Analytic programming system of vulnerability estimation and protection effectiveness

  16. Retrieval of granular bait by the Argentine ant (Hymenoptera: Formicidae): effect of clumped versus scattered dispersion patterns.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silverman, Jules; Roulston, T'ai H

    2003-06-01

    Argentine ants, Linepithema humile (Mayr), use mass recruitment foraging, with clumped prey items being retrieved more efficiently than dispersed prey. However, in prior field experiments, granular baits, whether dispensed in containers or broadly scattered, had a similar impact on Argentine ant populations. In laboratory experiments, granular insecticide bait was encountered faster by Argentine ant workers and more granules were initially returned to the colony when the granules were scattered versus clumped. After 2 h, granules from both dispersion patterns were retrieved equally. Our results suggest that Argentine ant colonies adjust their foraging patterns to resources of different quality (prey versus bait). Also, foraging activity patterns for bait in the laboratory are consistent with prior field results demonstrating no efficacy advantages to discrete granular bait placements. PMID:12852629

  17. Making Sense of an Unstable Legislature: Committee Assignments in the Argentine Chamber of Deputies, 1946–2001

    OpenAIRE

    Silvina Lilian Danesi; Carleton University; Ludovic Rheault; University of Montreal

    2012-01-01

    Latin American legislatures have gone largely unstudied, with the functioning of the Argentine Chamber of Deputies prior to the 1980s being an entirely unexplored subject. This paper fills that gap by examining the organization of the Chamber, with particular focus on its standing committee system from 1946 to 2001. We assess the portability of two U.S.-based theoretical approaches to legislative organization by applying them to committee assignments. An original data set of Argentine deputie...

  18. Indirect effects of Argentine ant and honeydew-producing insect mutualisms on California red scale in a citrus agroecosystem

    OpenAIRE

    Kizner, Michelle Cara

    2010-01-01

    In San Diego County, a major economic impact of the Argentine ant occurs in citrus agroecosystems, where ants interfere with biological control of key insect pests, especially California red scale. Ant control is considered a critical component of integrated pest management (IPM) of several citrus pests, but IPM recommendations fail to consider quantitative relationships between levels of Argentine ant abundance and those of the economic pests. This serious gap in understanding impedes develo...

  19. Argentine ant invasion associated with loblolly pines in the southeastern United States: minimal impacts but seasonally sustained.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rowles, Alexei D; Silverman, Jules

    2010-08-01

    Invasive ants are notorious for directly displacing native ant species. Although such impacts are associated with Argentine ant invasions (Linepithema humile) worldwide, impacts within natural habitat are less widely reported, particularly those affecting arboreal ant communities. Argentine ants were detected in North Carolina mixed pine-hardwood forest for the first time but were localized on and around loblolly pines (Pinus taeda), probably because of association with honeydew-producing Hemiptera. We explored the potential impacts of L. humile on arboreal and ground-foraging native ant species by comparing interspersed loblolly pines invaded and uninvaded by Argentine ants. Impacts on native ants were assessed monthly over 1 yr by counting ants in foraging trails on pine trunks and in surrounding plots using a concentric arrangement of pitfall traps at 1, 2, and 3 m from the base of each tree. Of floristics and habitat variables, higher soil moisture in invaded plots was the only difference between plot types, increasing confidence that any ant community differences were caused by Argentine ants. Overall patterns of impact were weak. Composition differed significantly between Argentine ant invaded and uninvaded trunks and pitfalls but was driven only by the presence of Argentine ants rather than any resulting compositional change in native ant species. Native ant abundance and richness were similarly unaffected by L. humile. However, the abundance of individual ant species was more variable. Although numbers of the arboreal Crematogaster ashmeadi (Myrmicinae) declined on and around invaded pines, epigeic Aphaenogaster rudis (Myrmicinae) remained the most abundant species in all plots. Argentine ant densities peaked in late summer and fall, therefore overlapping with most native ants. Unexpected was their continued presence during even the coldest months. We provide evidence that Argentine ants can invade and persist in native North Carolina forests, probably

  20. Perception of Political Subjectivity on the Internet: Results of the Cross-national Cluster Analysis in the USA, United Kingdom, Mexico, Sweden, Russia, China, the Republic of South Africa

    OpenAIRE

    Vladimir Dmitrievich Nechaev; Elena Victorovna Brodovskaya; Anna Yurievna Dombrovskaya

    2015-01-01

    The paper presents the preliminary results of the cluster analysis devoted to the national databases research of theWorld Internet Project – 2012 in Russia, Sweden, China, United Kingdom, Mexico, USA and the Republic ofSouth Africa. The purpose of cluster analysis is to classify the respondents in accordance to the characteristics ofthe perception of political subjectivity on the Internet. Social profiles of different user groups in selectedcountries can help to identify different national st...

  1. Long-term field trial to control the invasive Argentine ant (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) with synthetic trail pheromone.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nishisue, K; Sunamura, E; Tanaka, Y; Sakamoto, H; Suzuki, S; Fukumoto, T; Terayama, M; Tatsuki, S

    2010-10-01

    Previous short-term experiments showed that trail following behavior of the Argentine ant, Linepithema humile (Mayr) (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), can be disrupted by a high concentration of synthetic trail pheromone component (Z)-9-hexadecenal. In this study, a long-term field trial was conducted in 100-m2 plots of house gardens in an urban area of Japan to see whether the control effect on Argentine ants can be obtained by permeating synthetic trail pheromone from dispensers. The dispensers were placed in the experimental plots during the ant's active season (April-November) for 2 yr with monthly renewal. To estimate Argentine ant population density, foraging activity of Argentine ants in the study plots was monitored by monthly bait surveys. Throughout the study period, Argentine ant foraging activity was suppressed in the presence of the dispensers, presumably via trail forming inhibition. In contrast, the level of foraging activity was not different between treatment and no-treatment plots when the dispensers were temporarily removed, suggesting that treatment with pheromone dispensers did not suppress Argentine ant density in the treatment plots. Population decline may be expected with larger-scale treatment that covers a significant portion of the ant colony or with improvement in the potency of the disruptant. PMID:21061980

  2. Analysis of auditor`s reports and bankruptcy risk in banking sector in the Republic of Serbia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Milovan Stanisic

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to point out the significance of external audit and auditor’s reports. The stability of banks and its operations are vital not only for efficient financial system functioning, but also for overall industry. The banking sector, both in developed and undeveloped countries, experienced financial crisis in the last few years. Considering these circumstances and the fact that demands of financial statements users grow in complexity, their control is essential. We provide the empirical evidence on the banking sector auditor’s reports in the Republic of Serbia, with particular reference to auditor’s opinions and audit agencies that had conducted banks audits. The review of the audit legislation and professional standards will be presented, as well as the notion of bankruptcy risk and its relevance for baking sector. Our research results indicate that special attention should be paid to banks which auditor’s report had some explanatory paragraphs or even qualification. In conclusion we highlight the red flags that may damage banks operations and emphasize the importance of keeping the high level of auditor’s independence with the intention to provide confidence to stakeholders who form their decisions based on their reports.

  3. Supervision Function Of Parliament Of The Republic Of Indonesia A Legal Analysis Of Government Regulation In Lieu Of Law

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hermanus Hattu

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The 1945 Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia as the highest law has been asserted that in urgency the President shall be entitled to stipulate a government regulation in lieu of law. Then the government regulation shall be approved by the House of Peoples Representative in the subsequent meeting. As it turns out in practice however it has certain weaknesses particularly in view of the accountability and legitimacy aspects of its establishment. This research was conducted by using normative legal research a theoretical studies on the legal aspects of a rule of law includes a process to make the rule of law principles of law as well as legal doctrines in order to answer the legal issue at hand. Data collecting techniques consisted of a literature study observation interview and questionnaire. In this study data collection techniques used was in-depth interviews against the informant and literature study. The results of the research indicated that to implement the peoples sovereignty Parliament is equipped with 3 three functions namely a the function of budgeting b the function of supervision and c the function of legislation. As it turns out in practice however the system of legal norms that are intended for normal circumstances cannot expected to be effective to be used in order to achieve the goal of law that guarantees the aspect of fairness certainty and usefulness.

  4. Accountability and non-proliferation nuclear regime: a review of the mutual surveillance Brazilian-Argentine model for nuclear safeguards; Accountability e regime de nao proliferacao nuclear: uma avaliacao do modelo de vigilancia mutua brasileiro-argentina de salvaguardas nucleares

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Xavier, Roberto Salles

    2014-08-01

    The regimes of accountability, the organizations of global governance and institutional arrangements of global governance of nuclear non-proliferation and of Mutual Vigilance Brazilian-Argentine of Nuclear Safeguards are the subject of research. The starting point is the importance of the institutional model of global governance for the effective control of non-proliferation of nuclear weapons. In this context, the research investigates how to structure the current arrangements of the international nuclear non-proliferation and what is the performance of model Mutual Vigilance Brazilian-Argentine of Nuclear Safeguards in relation to accountability regimes of global governance. For that, was searched the current literature of three theoretical dimensions: accountability, global governance and global governance organizations. In relation to the research method was used the case study and the treatment technique of data the analysis of content. The results allowed: to establish an evaluation model based on accountability mechanisms; to assess how behaves the model Mutual Vigilance Brazilian-Argentine Nuclear Safeguards front of the proposed accountability regime; and to measure the degree to which regional arrangements that work with systems of global governance can strengthen these international systems. (author)

  5. AN EMPIRICAL ANALYSIS OF THE INFLUENCE OF RISK FACTORS ON THE FREQUENCY AND IMPACT OF SEVERE EVENTS ON THE SUPPLY CHAIN IN THE CZECH REPUBLIC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José María Caridad

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: This paper is focused on an analysis and evaluation of severe events according to their frequency of occurrence and their impact on the company's manufacturing and distribution supply chains performance in the Czech Republic. Risk factors are introduced for critical events.Design/methodology: An identification and classification of severe events are realized on the basis of median mapping and mapping of ordinal variability acquired through the questionnaire survey of 82 companies. Analysis of 46 risk factors was sorted into 5 groups. We used asymmetric Somers's d statistics for testing the dependence of frequency and impact of a severe event on selected risk sources. The hierarchical cluster analysis is performed to identify relatively homogeneous groups of critical severe events according to their dependency on risk factors and its strength.Findings: Results showed that ‘a lack of contracts’ is considered to be the most critical severe event. Groups of demand and supply side and an external risk factor group were identified to be the most significant sources of risk factors. The worst cluster encompasses 11% of examined risk factors which should be prevented. We concluded that organizations need to adopt appropriate precautions and risk management methods in logistics.Originality: In this paper, the methodology for severe events evaluation in supply chain is designed. This methodology involves assessing the critical factors which influence the critical events and which should be prevented.

  6. The Czech Republic

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Cepec, J.; Lízal, Lubomír; Ušlakar, A.; Homar, A.; Lotrič, J.

    Ljubljana: Časnik Finance , 2012 - (Prašnikar, J.), s. 309-325 ISBN 978-961-6541-41-1 Institutional support: RVO:67985998 Keywords : Czech Republic * capital and labor markets * firms' indebtedness Subject RIV: AH - Economics

  7. Central Asian Republic Info

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Agency for International Development — CAR Info is designed and managed by the Central Asian Republic Mission to fill in the knowledge and reporting gaps in existing agency systems for that Mission. It...

  8. Czech Republic; Selected Issues

    OpenAIRE

    International Monetary Fund

    1999-01-01

    This Selected Issues paper on the Czech Republic discusses issues relating to the enterprise sector and corporate governance. This includes an overview and assessment of enterprise performance along with a discussion of the concept of corporate governance and its application in the Czech Republic, including how corporate governance practices compare in an international context. The paper discusses issues related to financial sector performance and restructuring. It also takes stock of banking...

  9. Radiological impact of the management of radioactive waste arising from the Argentine Nuclear Programme

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Argentine nuclear programme, as it stands at present, provides for the construction of four nuclear power plants in addition to those of Atucha I and Embalse and for the establishment of such fuel cycle facilities as are required to supply all of these plants. This paper evaluates the radiological impact (collective dose commitment) expected from the management of the radioactive wastes arising in the facilities mentioned above throughout the useful life of the reactors. The maximum individual doses to be expected as a result of the planned high-level-waste repository are also estimated. The evaluations presented are partly specific to the sites under consideration, but they also include estimates of the total collective dose commitments resulting from the management of radioactive waste under the Argentine nuclear programme. (author)

  10. The source and market development of a premium product - Beef from the Argentine Pampas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Champredonde, M

    2008-07-01

    The two main features of beef from the Argentine Pampas are its quality and geographical origin. In addition to the normal aspects of meat quality detected by sensory panels or measured by scientific instruments, the quality of Pampean beef includes the powerful symbolic quality of pampas life - the immensity of the green grasslands and the culture of the gaucho, living on horseback or sipping mate while making an asado (barbecue). This review defines the qualities and geographical origin of Pampean beef, and explains their interrelationships in terms of animal breed, nutrition and production systems. The objective is to help secure Pampean beef against unfair encroachment from competing products which lack the true authenticity of beef from the Argentine Pampas. PMID:22062914

  11. Proceedings of the 6. Argentine congress on radiation protection and nuclear safety

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The 6th Argentine Congress on Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety was organized by the Radioprotection Argentine Society, in Buenos Aires, between the 22 and 24 of september of 1998. In this event, were presented almost 66 papers in the following sessions, about these subjects: 1.- Safety in nuclear installations. 2.- Control of nuclear material and physical protection of nuclear installations. 3.- Programs of quality assurance. 4.- Training, technical information and public information. 5.- Physical dosimetry. 6.- Physical dosimetry and occupational radiation protection. 7.- Exposure of the natural radiation. 8.- Environmental radiological safety. 9.- Biological effects of the ionizing radiations and biological dosimetry. 10.- Radiological protection of the medical practice and the radiological emergencies. 11.- Radioactive wastes management. 12.- Transport of radioactive materials

  12. Industry-Wide Work Rules and Productivity: Evidence from Argentine Union Contract Data

    OpenAIRE

    Lamarche, Carlos

    2013-01-01

    In the early 1990's, the Argentine government promoted a framework for productivity-based negotiations between firms and unions at low levels of organization. The policy weakened the industry-wide collective bargaining system, which sets working conditions for all firms in an industry. This paper employs newly developed quantile regression approaches to investigate the effect of union practices on productivity within the context of the reform. The findings show that (i) industry-wide practice...

  13. International Financial Contagion: Evidence from the Argentine Crisis of 2001-2002

    OpenAIRE

    Boschi, Melisso

    2004-01-01

    The aim of this paper is to look for evidence of financial contagion suffered by several countries as a result of the latest Argentine crisis. I focus my attention on a set of countries: Brazil, Mexico, Russia, Turkey, Uruguay, and Venezuela. I also focus exclusively on three financial markets: foreign exchange, stock exchange, and sovereign debt. In order to test the hypothesis of contagion, Vector Autoregression (VAR) models and instantaneous correlation coefficients corrected for het...

  14. The executive and legislative branches and trade unions in the Argentine social security reform

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sidney Jard da Silva

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available This article analyzes the interaction between organized labor and government during reform of the pension system in Argentina. The purpose is to investigate the political and institutional conditions favorable to the inclusion of trade unions in a negotiated pension reform process. The Argentine pattern of union-government interaction was shown to be shaped more by the peculiarities of the decision-making process than by the demands and power of union organizations.

  15. Managerial form, ownership and efficiency: a case-study of Argentine agriculture

    OpenAIRE

    Gallacher, Marcos; Goetz, Stephan J.; Debertin, David L.

    1994-01-01

    In agriculture, studies dealing with the separation of ownership from control have focused on sharecropping, paying little attention to the impact of management and ownership on efficiency. Using Argentine data, this study tests the hypothesis that efficiency is a function of type of management, concentration of ownership, and mechanisms for monitoring managers. Results show that management, ownership and monitoring have a greater impact on marketing efficiency than either on technical or cos...

  16. Draft genome of the globally widespread and invasive Argentine ant (Linepithema humile)

    OpenAIRE

    Smith, Christopher D.; Zimin, Aleksey; Holt, Carson; Abouheif, Ehab; Benton, Richard; Cash, Elizabeth; Croset, Vincent; Currie, Cameron R; Elhaik, Eran; Elsik, Christine G.; Fave, Marie-Julie; Fernandes, Vilaiwan; Gadau, Jürgen; Gibson, Joshua D.; Graur, Dan

    2011-01-01

    Ants are some of the most abundant and familiar animals on Earth, and they play vital roles in most terrestrial ecosystems. Although all ants are eusocial, and display a variety of complex and fascinating behaviors, few genomic resources exist for them. Here, we report the draft genome sequence of a particularly widespread and well-studied species, the invasive Argentine ant (Linepithema humile), which was accomplished using a combination of 454 (Roche) and Illumina sequencing and community-b...

  17. First Finding of Melanic Sylvatic Triatoma infestans (Hemiptera: Reduviidae) Colonies in the Argentine Chaco

    OpenAIRE

    Ceballos, L. A.; Piccinali, R. V.; BERKUNSKY, I.; Kitron, U.; Gürtler, R. E.

    2009-01-01

    Triatoma infestans (Klug), the most important vector of Chagas disease in southern South America, is a highly domiciliated species with well-known sylvatic foci only in the Bolivian Andean valleys and in the Bolivian Chaco, where melanic insects designated as “dark morphs” were found. After the tentative identification of two melanic bugs collected from parrot nests in a forest reserve in the Argentine Chaco as T. infestans, we conducted an intensive search there using mouse-baited sticky tra...

  18. How Argentine farmers overpowered Monsanto : the mobilization of knowledge-users and intellectual property regimes

    OpenAIRE

    Filomeno, Felipe Amin

    2013-01-01

    "Since the 1980s, governments and transnational corporations from core countries led by the United States have driven a global upward ratchet of intellectual property protection. In agriculture, this has meant strengthening the rights of seed companies over the plant varieties they develop and curtailing the rights of farmers over the seeds they cultivate. Exceptionally, from the 1990s to 2013, Argentine soy growers overcame the pressures from the seed industry, guaranteeing the right to free...

  19. Food habits of the great horned owl in northwestern Argentine Patagonia: the role of introduced lagomorphs

    OpenAIRE

    Donázar, José A.; Travaini, Alejandro; Ceballos, Olga; Delibes, M.; Hiraldo, F.

    1997-01-01

    —Pellets of adult and nestling Great Horned Owls (Bitho tirginianus) were collected at 12 owl territories nearJunin de los Andes (Neuquen, Argentine Patagonia) during the breeding seasons of 1991— 92 and 1994—95. Mammals represented 69% of the total prey items (N = 1324) identified and Reithrodon auritus (16%), Lepuseuwpaeus (12%) and Ctenomys haigi (12%) were the most common species. Anhropods aecounted for 27% of the total prey by numbers. The two main prey items b...

  20. Abiotic factors control invasion by Argentine ants at the community scale

    OpenAIRE

    Menke, Sean B.; Holway, D. A.

    2006-01-01

    A prominent and unresolved question in ecology concerns why communities differ in their susceptibility to invasion. While studies often emphasize biotic resistance, it is less widely appreciated how the physical environment affects community vulnerability to invasion. In this study we performed field experiments to test how abiotic variation directly and indirectly influences the extent to which Linepithema humile Mayr (Argentine ants) invade seasonally dry environments in southern California...

  1. Proceedings of the 76. meeting of the Argentine Physics Association (AFA). V.3

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Works are presented at the 76 Annual meeting of the Argentine Physics Association. The papers can be grouped under the following main topics: teaching, history and philosophy of physics, mathematical methods, classical and quantum physics, mechanics and fields, statistical physics and thermodynamics, elementary particle physics and fields, nuclear physics, and molecular physics, atomic collisions, optics, fluid dynamics and plasmas, condensed matter, instrumentation, geophysics, astronomy and astrophysics. refs., ills

  2. Draft Genome Sequences of Four Enterococcus faecium Strains Isolated from Argentine Cheese

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martino, Gabriela P.; Quintana, Ingrid M.; Espariz, Martín; Blancato, Victor S.; Gallina Nizo, Gabriel; Esteban, Luis

    2016-01-01

    We report the draft genome sequences of four Enterococcus faecium strains isolated from Argentine regional cheeses. These strains were selected based on their technological properties, i.e., their ability to produce aroma compounds (diacetyl, acetoin, and 2,3-butanediol) from citrate. The goal of our study is to provide further genetic evidence for the rational selection of enterococci strains based on their pheno- and genotype in order to be used in cheese production. PMID:26847907

  3. Current trends in Latin America and the Argentine perspective

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Laredo, V.G. [SOCMA Americana, Buenos Aires (Argentina)

    1992-12-31

    The authors discusses the changes that are taking place in Argentina as well as in all of Latin America today -- privatization, deregulation, and the modernization of the economy, changes which will serve to strengthen the governments and provide a better quality of life for all of them. He gives an insight into the factors which helped bring about these changes, the support they are receiving, the problems which persist, and the measures that still must be taken so that these positive changes remain in place. He offers some useful information that will perhaps contribute to their understanding of the vast area which he refers to as Latin America, and more specifically, gives a thumbnail sketch of what is happening today in the Republic of Argentina. For many years now, Latin American leaders have travelled to other parts of the world and spoken about the plans and expectations for the region`s future. When these well-intentioned projects and plans never materialized, partners and supporters in the United States and other countries were frustrated and disappointed by the failure to make things work. The author`s intention here today is to describe things as they are, not as they might be, to tell about what is already happening in the sphere of business and growth of the economies in Latin America.

  4. Quality assurance programmes and normalization for the Argentine-Brazilian integration

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Within the frame of the tasks developed by the Argentine-Brazilian Contractors Coordination Committee in the nuclear area, which was at the beginning promoted by the Contractor Committee of the Argentine Association of Nuclear Technology, a working team was created between both countries in order to analyze the existing regulations and the Quality Assurance systems applied in Brazil and Argentina for their nuclear projects. This paper describes the steps to be followed so as to fulfill the compatibility of the rules, quality assurance and firm certification, laboratories, personnel and materials, and the applicable quality assurance programmes. At first, the methodology applied was the collection of the information and the existing regulations in each one of the countries, to exchange them, analyze them and arrange joint meetings and organize a seminar with experts from both countries to develop and discuss the objectives of this working team. As a result of these activities, the criteria adopted will allow, together with another actions, that both Argentine and Brazilian firms make exchanges and integrations in the nuclear field to supply Atucha II and Angra II. (Author)

  5. Analysis of Large-Scale Privatisation in the Czech Republic in the Years 1991-2005 on the Sample of Selected Privatised Companies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karel Havlíček

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this paper is to analyse, evaluate and compare the individual methods of Czechoslovak and Czech privatisation in the years 1991-2005 based on long-term economic indicators. The empirical research focuses on a sample of 60 companies privatised between 1991 and 2005 which were selected from the list of 3500 large-scale privatised firms in the Czech Republic by the National Property Fund of the Czech Republic and divided into three groups.

  6. Object-based image analysis for the assessment of mineral extraction in conflict regions - a case study in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kranz, Olaf; Schoepfer, Elisabeth; Spröhnle, Kristin; Lang, Stefan

    2016-06-01

    In this study object-based image analysis (OBIA) techniques were applied to assess land cover changes related to mineral extraction in a conflict-affected area of the eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) over a period of five years based on very high resolution (VHR) satellite data of different sensors. Object-based approaches explicitly consider spatio-temporal aspects which allow extracting important information to document mining activities. The use of remote sensing data as an independent, up-to-date and reliable data source provided hints on the general development of the mining sector in relation to socio-economic and political decisions. While in early 2010, the situation was still characterised by an intensification of mineral extraction, a mining ban between autumn 2010 and spring 2011 marked the starting point for a continuous decrease of mining activities. The latter can be substantiated through a decrease in the extend of the mining area as well as of the number of dwellings in the nearby settlement. A following demilitarisation and the mentioned need for accountability with respect to the origin of certain minerals led to organised, more industrialized exploitation. This development is likewise visible on satellite imagery as typical clearings within forested areas. The results of the continuous monitoring in turn facilitate non-governmental organisations (NGOs) to further foster the mentioned establishment of responsible supply chains by the mining industry throughout the entire period of investigation.

  7. Rural energy survey and scenario analysis of village energy consumption. A case study in Lao People's Democratic Republic

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mustonen, S.M. [Finland Futures Research Centre, Turku School of Economics, Pinninkatu 47, 33100 Tampere (Finland)

    2010-02-15

    In developing countries, providing all citizens an access to modern forms of energy is among the central energy policy objectives, as the linkages between modern energy services and human development are widely recognized. This paper presents in a scenario analysis of rural energy consumption, how energy services in different sectors of a village economy contribute to the achievement of the UNDP Millennium Development Goals. In a rural village in Lao People's Democratic Republic, household energy demand and energy uses were surveyed immediately prior to the electrification of the village. Based on the situation preceding electrification of the village, the development of village electrification was studied by simulating the village energy system, accounting for all village energy uses but transportation. To study the potential development of electricity demand in the village, three scenarios were constructed using the LEAP model: 'residential demand', 'income generation' and 'public services'. Energy demand in each scenario was analyzed with reference to the Millennium Development Goals. (author)

  8. Rural energy survey and scenario analysis of village energy consumption: A case study in Lao People's Democratic Republic

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mustonen, S.M., E-mail: suvisanna.mustonen@tut.f [Finland Futures Research Centre, Turku School of Economics, Pinninkatu 47, 33100 Tampere (Finland)

    2010-02-15

    In developing countries, providing all citizens an access to modern forms of energy is among the central energy policy objectives, as the linkages between modern energy services and human development are widely recognized. This paper presents in a scenario analysis of rural energy consumption, how energy services in different sectors of a village economy contribute to the achievement of the UNDP Millennium Development Goals. In a rural village in Lao People's Democratic Republic, household energy demand and energy uses were surveyed immediately prior to the electrification of the village. Based on the situation preceding electrification of the village, the development of village electrification was studied by simulating the village energy system, accounting for all village energy uses but transportation. To study the potential development of electricity demand in the village, three scenarios were constructed using the LEAP model: 'residential demand', 'income generation' and 'public services'. Energy demand in each scenario was analyzed with reference to the Millennium Development Goals.

  9. ICT AND AGRITOURISM IN CZECH REPUBLIC

    OpenAIRE

    Havlicek, Zdenek; Lohr, Vaclav; Benda, Petr

    2009-01-01

    Tourism is regarded as the world’s future. Agritourism is a unique symbiosis of agriculture and tourism. Based on extensive analysis of the state agritourism in the Czech Republic, it was found that information on agritourism facilities is very diverse and disorderly, lacking a specialized portal for agro-tourism. Agritourism facilities in the Czech Republic is several thousand, but most of them have non-quality web sites, or none at all. It should be ensured that entrepreneurs in the agrit...

  10. Kyrgyz Republic : School Autonomy and Accountability

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank

    2012-01-01

    The Kyrgyz Republic is in a state of educational transition. Its process of reform is aimed at improving education quality by increasing the quality of its teachers, reducing inequity in education finance, and updating its curriculum and instructional materials. Improving school autonomy and accountability are two of the main recommendations made by recent analysis. Therefore, the benchmar...

  11. The Usefulness of Edible and Medicinal Fabaceae in Argentine and Chilean Patagonia: Environmental Availability and Other Sources of Supply

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Soledad Molares

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Fabaceae is of great ethnobotanical importance in indigenous and urban communities throughout the world. This work presents a revision of the use of Fabaceae as a food and/or medicinal resource in Argentine-Chilean Patagonia. It is based on a bibliographical analysis of 27 ethnobotanical sources and catalogues of regional flora. Approximately 234 wild species grow in Patagonia, mainly (60% in arid environments, whilst the remainder belong to Sub-Antarctic forest. It was found that 12.8% (30 species, mainly woody, conspicuous plants, are collected for food or medicines. Most of the species used grow in arid environments. Cultivation and purchase/barter enrich the Fabaceae offer, bringing it up to a total of 63 species. The richness of native and exotic species, and the existence of multiple strategies for obtaining these plants, indicates hybridization of knowledge and practices. Only 22% of the total species used are mentioned in bothcontexts of food and medicine, reflecting low-use complementation. This study suggests a significant ecological appearance and a high level of availability in shops and exchange networks in Patagonia, highlighting the need to consider the full set of environmental and socioeconomic factors in research related to the use and cultural importance of plants in regional contexts.

  12. Linearity in Rhetorical Organisation: A Comparative Cross-Cultural Analysis of Newstext from the People's Republic of China and Australia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramsay, Guy

    2000-01-01

    Employs the Rhetorical Structure Theory (RST) analytic framework to produce pictorial representations of lengthy Chinese and Australian news journal text. Results demonstrate the feasibility of using the RST framework in this type of analysis. (Author/VWL)

  13. Minimum wage in the Czech Republic and European Union

    OpenAIRE

    Šmíd, Marek

    2010-01-01

    The Master's thesis deals with analysis of the minimum wage in the Czech Republic and European Union. The first three chapters describe the function and development of the minimum wage, as well as the theoretical approaches of the minimum wage. Furthermore the arguments for and against the minimum wage are summarized. In the practical part the development of the minimum wage in the Czech Republic from 1991 is analyzed and the minimum wage across the EU countries is compared. The last analysis...

  14. Sociology - Czech Republic

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Illner, Michal

    Berlin a Budapešť : GESIS, 2002 - (Kaase, M.; Sparschuh, V.; Wenninger, A.), s. 405-424 ISBN 3-8206-0139-2 R&D Projects: GA AV ČR KSK9058117 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z7028912 Keywords : sociology * Czech republic * State of the discipline Subject RIV: AO - Sociology, Demography

  15. Czech republic (national report)

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Šturma, Pavel

    Warszawa: Centrum Stosunków Miedzynarodowych, 2006 - (Podolski, A.; Jaron, P.), s. 25-47 ISBN 83-88216-99-6 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z70680506 Keywords : European Union * Czech republic * Fundamental Rights Agency Subject RIV: AG - Legal Sciences

  16. Country report - Czech Republic

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Hašková, Hana; Křížková, Alena

    Vídeň : Austrian East and Southeastern Europe Institute, 2000, s. 51-58. [Frauenpolitik und/versus Familienpolitik. Vídeň (AT), 26.11.1999] Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z7028912 Keywords : gender * survey * Czech Republic Subject RIV: AO - Sociology, Demography

  17. Czech Republic, tourism

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Šauer, M.; Frantál, Bohumil

    1. Switzerland: Springer International Publishing, 2015 - (Jafar, J.; Honggen, H.) ISBN 978-3-319-01383-1 R&D Projects: GA MŠk EE2.3.20.0025 Institutional support: RVO:68145535 Keywords : tourism * Czech Republic * sustainability Subject RIV: DE - Earth Magnetism, Geodesy, Geography http://link.springer.com/referenceworkentry/10.1007/978-3-319-01669-6_439-1

  18. Hantavirus reservoir Oligoryzomys longicaudatus spatial distribution sensitivity to climate change scenarios in Argentine Patagonia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    González Paula LM

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Oligoryzomys longicaudatus (colilargo is the rodent responsible for hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS in Argentine Patagonia. In past decades (1967–1998, trends of precipitation reduction and surface air temperature increase have been observed in western Patagonia. We explore how the potential distribution of the hantavirus reservoir would change under different climate change scenarios based on the observed trends. Methods Four scenarios of potential climate change were constructed using temperature and precipitation changes observed in Argentine Patagonia between 1967 and 1998: Scenario 1 assumed no change in precipitation but a temperature trend as observed; scenario 2 assumed no changes in temperature but a precipitation trend as observed; Scenario 3 included changes in both temperature and precipitation trends as observed; Scenario 4 assumed changes in both temperature and precipitation trends as observed but doubled. We used a validated spatial distribution model of O. longicaudatus as a function of temperature and precipitation. From the model probability of the rodent presence was calculated for each scenario. Results If changes in precipitation follow previous trends, the probability of the colilargo presence would fall in the HPS transmission zone of northern Patagonia. If temperature and precipitation trends remain at current levels for 60 years or double in the future 30 years, the probability of the rodent presence and the associated total area of potential distribution would diminish throughout Patagonia; the areas of potential distribution for colilargos would shift eastwards. These results suggest that future changes in Patagonia climate may lower transmission risk through a reduction in the potential distribution of the rodent reservoir. Conclusion According to our model the rates of temperature and precipitation changes observed between 1967 and 1998 may produce significant changes in the rodent

  19. Multi-stage evolution of xenotime-(Y) from Písek pegmatites, Czech Republic: an electron probe micro-analysis and Raman spectroscopy study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Švecová, E.; Čopjaková, R.; Losos, Z.; Škoda, R.; Nasdala, L.; Cícha, J.

    2016-04-01

    The chemical variability, degree of radiation damage, and alteration of xenotime from the Písek granitic pegmatites (Czech Republic) were investigated by micro-chemical analysis and Raman spectroscopy. Dominant large xenotime-(Y) grains enriched in U, Th and Zr crystallized from a melt almost simultaneously with zircon, monazite and tourmaline. Xenotime is well to poorly crystalline depending on its U and Th contents. It shows complex secondary textures cutting magmatic growth zones as a result of its interaction with F,Ca,alkali-rich fluids during the hydrothermal stage of the pegmatite evolution. The magmatic xenotime underwent intense secondary alteration, from rims inwards, resulting in the formation of inclusion-rich well crystalline xenotime domains of near end-member composition. Two types of recrystallization were distinguished in relation to the type of inclusions: i) xenotime with coffinite-thorite, cheralite and monazite inclusions and ii) xenotime with zirconcheralite and zircon inclusions. Additionally, inner poorly crystalline U,Th-rich xenotime domains were locally altered, hydrated, depleted in P, Y, HREE, U, Si and radiogenic Pb, and enriched in fluid-borne cations (mainly Ca, F, Th, Zr, Fe). Interaction of radiation-damaged xenotime with hydrothermal fluids resulted in the disturbance of the U-Th-Pb system. Alteration of radiation-damaged xenotime was followed by intensive recrystallization indicating the presence of fluids >200 °C. Subsequently other types of xenotime formed as a consequence of fluid-driven alteration of magmatic monazite, and Y,REE,Ti,Nb-oxides or crystallized from hydrothermal fluids along cracks in magmatic monazite and xenotime.

  20. Radiological analysis of some Trona samples found in Yobe State: A case study of Yunusari/Yusufari local government areas of Yobe State and, Chad and Niger Republics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Trona is one of the complex salts that occur naturally as white crystalline hydrated salt which originated from the weathering activity of igneous rock and igneous rock has been classified active. This becomes an issue of concern since trona is consumed both raw and in cooked food and this formed a drive in the assessment of radiological effects of trona to consumers. The study investigated radiological problems of trona via gamma spectrometry analysis of samples collected from Yunusari and Yusufari Local Government Areas of Yobe State, Nigeria and products imported into the country from Chad and Niger Republics. The samples were assayed for NORMs using 7.62cm x 7.62cm NaI(Tl) detector and each gamma spectrum collected for 29,000 seconds. Spectral interpretation was conducted via ORTEC pulser system coupled to computerised MEASTRO card. The mean activity concentration levels of the natural radionuclides 40K, 226Ra and 232Th obtained from Yunusari are 380.02± 5.17, 23.17±1.51, and 77.50±1.44 Bq/Kg and that of Yusufari are 236.51±3.41, 276.94±2.48 and 35.44±1.14 Bq/Kg, respectively. The imported samples measured 595.55±3.55, 24.49±1.98 and 71.52±0.81 for 40K, 226Ra and 232Th respectIvely. 226Ra content is an issue of serious concern.

  1. Invasive breast cancer in Argentine women: association between risk and prognostic factors with antigens of a peptidic and carbohydrate nature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Croce MV

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Sandra O Demichelis, Marina T Isla-Larrain, Luciano Cermignani, Cecilio G Alberdi, Amada Segal-Eiras, María Virginia CroceCentre of Basic and Applied Immunological Research, Faculty of Medical Sciences, National University of La Plata, La Plata, ArgentinaObjective: In breast cancer, several tumor markers have been identified. The marker most extensively associated with breast cancer is MUC1. The objective of the study was to analyze prognostic and risk factors in relation to tumor markers in order to clarify breast cancer biology. A total of 349 primary tumor samples and lymph nodes from breast cancer patients were studied. Risk and prognostic factors were considered. An immunohistochemical approach was applied and an extensive statistical analysis was performed, including frequency analysis and analysis of variance. Correlation among variables was performed with principal component analysis.Results: All the antigens showed an increased expression according to tumor size increment; moreover, sialyl Lewis x expression showed a significant increase in relation to disease stage, whereas Tn and TF presented a positive tendency. Vascular invasion was related to sialyl Lewis x expression and number of metastatic lymph nodes. Taking into account risk factors, when a patient had at least one child, Lewis antigens diminished their expression. In relation to breastfeeding, sialyl Lewis x expression diminished, although its apical expression increased.Conclusion: Associations between MUC1 and carbohydrate antigens and risk and prognostic factors show the complexity of the cellular biological behavior that these antigens modulate in breast cancer.Keywords: breast cancer, Argentine women, risk factors, prognostic factors, antigenic expression

  2. Suspending the next turn as a form of repair initiation: evidence from Argentine Sign Language

    OpenAIRE

    Manrique, Elizabeth; Enfield, N. J.

    2015-01-01

    Practices of other-initiated repair deal with problems of hearing or understanding what another person has said in the fast-moving turn-by-turn flow of conversation. As such, other-initiated repair plays a fundamental role in the maintenance of intersubjectivity in social interaction. This study finds and analyses a special type of other-initiated repair that is used in turn-by-turn conversation in a sign language: Argentine Sign Language (Lengua de Señas Argentina or LSA). We describe a type...

  3. Le Programme d’Agriculture Urbaine de la ville de Rosario en Argentine

    OpenAIRE

    Montiel, Marta Soler

    2015-01-01

    L’agriculture urbaine prétend répondre efficacement aux défis de la crise globale actuelle en apportant des emplois et des revenus à ceux qui travaillent la terre, des aliments sains et durables à ceux qui mangent les produits, et des services environnementaux à l’ensemble des citoyens. Dans la ville argentine de Rosario (province de Santa Fe), pour faire face à la crise de 2001, l’agriculture urbaine est passée du stade d’alternative agronomique et socioéconomique proposée par l’agroécologie...

  4. Social and cognitive determinants in entrepreneurial interest: an exploratory study among argentine students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ANA MARÍA ROMERO MARTÍNEZ

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we analyze the intentions in creating a business on the part of a group of Argentine students in Strategic Human Resources Management in the University of Buenos Aires. The results of the study show that these students want to create their own business, but their possibilities depend on several factors. Among all of them, self-effi cacy stands out; those students who show more self-effi cacy are those who demonstrate more intention for creating a business. This intention is minor for the students who possess more social support. Neither family charges nor previous experience in entrepreneurship have a signifi cant effect.

  5. Food habits of common barn-owls along an elevational gradient in Andean Argentine Patagonia

    OpenAIRE

    Travaini, Alejandro; Donázar, José A.; Ceballos, Olga; Rodríguez, Alejandro; Hiraldo, F.; Delibes, M.

    1997-01-01

    We evaluated the diet of Common Barn-owls (Tyto alba) along an elevational gradient in Argentine Patagonia. Small mammals (mainly rodents) were the main prey accounting for 93.2% of total prey items. Consumption of rodents appeared to be dependent on their availability. Sizes of mam­ malian prey were variable but most ranged from 10—100 g in body mass. We concluded that the diet of these barn owls could be used as an index of cricetid rodent populations along ...

  6. Graphic correlation of Argentine Precordillera and North American Lower/Middle Ordovician sections

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Walter C.Sweet; Guillermo L.Albanesi

    2006-01-01

    @@ Present work demonstrates that a level equivalent to the proposed Whiterockian basal GSSP can be located graphically in a composite section anchored by the Niquivil section of the Argentine Precordillera. The FAD of Cooperignathus aranda in the Niquivil composite section, a candidate for GSSP of the Lower/Middle Ordovician boundary, projects to a level very close to the FAD of Tripodus laevis in the Whiterockian reference section. The conodont-based framework reported here includes the potential for recognition of the proposed Whiterock Canyon-based GSSP, the Cooperignathus aranda-based GSSP, and, possibly, the Baltoniodus triangularisbased GSSP, recently proposed.

  7. Numerical analysis of deep-seated mass movements in the Magura Nappe; Flysch Belt of the Western Carpathians (Czech Republic)

    OpenAIRE

    Baron, I.; Agliardi, F.; Ambrosi, C.; Crosta, G.B.

    2005-01-01

    International audience Deep-seated slope failures are common features in the mountains of the Raca Unit, Magura Nappe of the Flysch Belt of Western Carpathians. Since they represent very complicated system, understanding of their evolution and triggers still remains unclear. We tried to provide a back-analysis of their development by using a finite difference code (FDM) of continua (Flac 4.0). We confirmed that such large mass movements could be triggered by water saturation of the bedrock...

  8. A comparison of regional approaches to the frequency analysis of extreme precipitation events in Slovakia and Czech Republic

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Gaál, L.; Kyselý, Jan

    Helsinki: Finish Environment Institute, 2007 - (Heinonen, M.), s. 133-139 ISBN 978-952-11-2790-8. [International Conference on Climate and Water /3./. Helsinki (FI), 03.09.2007-06.09.2007] R&D Projects: GA AV ČR KJB300420601 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z30420517 Keywords : regional frequency analysis * region-of-influence approach * pooling groups * extreme 5-day precipitation events Subject RIV: DG - Athmosphere Sciences, Meteorology

  9. Kosovo - An Atypical Parliamentary Republic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Murat Jashari

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available The topic of this comparative study is the republican character of the system of governance in Kosovo. In the public discourse and political communication, as well as in academic discourse Kosovo is considered a Parliamentary Republic, based on the principle “of the separation of powers and checks and balances between them.” Although the constitutional definition of the relationship between the executive and legislative favors parliamentary republicanism, the constitutional powers of the president, the government and especially the constitutional and political power of the prime minister, significantly weaken the parliamentary character, in favor of a semi-presidential system. However, neither the current theories of government, nor constitutional provisions can rank Kosovo among semi-presidential systems, or pure parliamentary systems. Comparisons of competence powers relations in Kosovo, with similar relations and competences of the countries of the region and beyond, testify to the specific nature of parliamentary democracy in Kosovo. It is precisely the comparison of the Kosovo constitutional-legal system of governance with similar systems and theoretical analysis of parliamentary models facing Kosovo model which will be the basis of support of the hypothesis that Kosovo is not a typical parliamentary republic.

  10. Italian and Argentine olive oils: a NMR and gas chromatographic study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Segre, Annalaura

    2001-12-01

    Full Text Available High-field Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR spectroscopy and Gas Chromatography (GC were used to analyze 16 monovarietal olive oils obtained from few matched Mediterranean cultivars grown in experimental fields located in Italy and in the Catamarca region of Argentina. The Catamarca region is characterized by extreme pedoclimatic conditions and by a wild spontaneous vegetation. The proposed sampling allows to study the effect of different pedoclimatic conditions on olive oil composition. GC gives the fatty acid profile of olive oil samples. 1H and 13C NMR techniques provide different information: the 1H NMR spectrum allows the measurement of minor components of olive oils such as b-sytosterol, hexanal, trans-2-hexenal, formaldehyde, squalene, cycloartenol and linolenic acid; the 1C NMR spectrum allows to obtain information about glycerol tri-esters of olive oils, i.e., about their acyl composition and positional distribution on glycerol moiety. All the NMR and GC results have been submitted to Linear Discriminant Analysis (LDA and Tree Cluster Analysis (TCA. A careful analysis of the statistical results allows to select the Mediterranean cultivars less affected by the climatic conditions present in the Catamarca region. The selected cultivars produce olive oils which keep their Mediterranean characteristics and which can be proposed as colonizing plants in this wild Argentine region.La espectroscopía de Resonancia Magnética Nuclear de alta resolución (RMN y Cromatografía Gaseosa (CG fueron utilizadas para analizar 16 monovariedades de aceites de oliva, obtenidas de algunos olivares Mediterráneos cultivados contemporáneamente en campos experimentales localizados en Italia y en la región de Catamarca en Argentina. Estas muestras permiten estudiar diferentes condiciones pedoclimáticas en la composición de los aceite de oliva. La CG proporciona el perfil en ácidos grasos de los aceites de oliva y las técnicas RMN 1H y RMN 13C suministran

  11. Numerical analysis of deep-seated mass movements in the Magura Nappe; Flysch Belt of the Western Carpathians (Czech Republic)

    OpenAIRE

    Baron, I.; Agliardi, F.; Ambrosi, C.; Crosta, G.B.

    2005-01-01

    Deep-seated slope failures are common features in the mountains of the Raca Unit, Magura Nappe of the Flysch Belt of Western Carpathians. Since they represent very complicated system, understanding of their evolution and triggers still remains unclear. We tried to provide a back-analysis of their development by using a finite difference code (FDM) of continua (Flac 4.0). We confirmed that such large mass movements could be triggered by water saturation of the bedrock in the three particular g...

  12. MARKAL Application for Analysis of Energy Efficiency in Economic Activities of the Republic of Moldova and Feasible use of Renewable Energy Sources

    OpenAIRE

    Robu S.; Bicova E.; Siakkis P.; Giannakidis G.

    2010-01-01

    The paper presents results of analyses of energy efficiency measures and renewable energy sources implementation in the Republic of Moldova using MARKAL model. Detailed analyses of four scenarios are presented for: Reference Scenario; Energy Efficiency Scenario; Renewable Energy Sources Scenario; Energy Efficiency&Renewable Energy Scenario. Energy savings and costs are identified for implementation of renewable energy sources and Energy efficiency measures.

  13. Feasibility Analysis of an Evidence-Based Positive Prevention Intervention for Youth Living with HIV/AIDS in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parker, L.; Maman, S.; Pettifor, A.; Chalachala, J. L.; Edmonds, A.; Golin, C. E.; Moracco, K.; Behets, F.

    2013-01-01

    We evaluated the feasibility of a Positive Prevention intervention adapted for youth living with HIV/AIDS (YLWH) ages 15-24 in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo. We conducted in-depth interviews and focus group discussions with intervention facilitators and YLWH participants on the following four areas of a feasibility framework:…

  14. Numerical analysis of deep-seated mass movements in the Magura Nappe; Flysch Belt of the Western Carpathians (Czech Republic)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baron, I.; Agliardi, F.; Ambrosi, C.; Crosta, G. B.

    2005-04-01

    Deep-seated slope failures are common features in the mountains of the Raca Unit, Magura Nappe of the Flysch Belt of Western Carpathians. Since they represent very complicated system, understanding of their evolution and triggers still remains unclear. We tried to provide a back-analysis of their development by using a finite difference code (FDM) of continua (Flac 4.0). We confirmed that such large mass movements could be triggered by water saturation of the bedrock in the three particular geological and geomorphic settings. Such situation could have been caused by heavy rainfalls in humid phases of the Holocene or permafrost melting in Late Glacial. The effects of faulting, very deep weathering of the bedrock, low geotechnical parameters of smectite-rich material and the local slope geometry have also been accounted for in numerical models, as well as the other triggering factors of slope instability. FDM modelled shear zones are in agreement with observations.

  15. Numerical analysis of deep-seated mass movements in the Magura Nappe; Flysch Belt of the Western Carpathians (Czech Republic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I. Baron

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Deep-seated slope failures are common features in the mountains of the Raca Unit, Magura Nappe of the Flysch Belt of Western Carpathians. Since they represent very complicated system, understanding of their evolution and triggers still remains unclear. We tried to provide a back-analysis of their development by using a finite difference code (FDM of continua (Flac 4.0. We confirmed that such large mass movements could be triggered by water saturation of the bedrock in the three particular geological and geomorphic settings. Such situation could have been caused by heavy rainfalls in humid phases of the Holocene or permafrost melting in Late Glacial. The effects of faulting, very deep weathering of the bedrock, low geotechnical parameters of smectite-rich material and the local slope geometry have also been accounted for in numerical models, as well as the other triggering factors of slope instability. FDM modelled shear zones are in agreement with observations.

  16. Cost-Effectiveness Analysis of Endovascular Coiling versus Neurosurgical Clipping for Intracranial Aneurysms in Republic of Korea

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shin, Shang Hun; Suh, Sang Hyun; Kim, Bum-soo; Rho, Myung Ho

    2016-01-01

    Purpose The International Subarachnoid Aneurysm Trial (ISAT) revealed that in ruptured intracranial aneurysms (RA), endovascular coiling (EC) yields better clinical outcomes than neurosurgical clipping (NC) at 1 year. In unruptured aneurysms (UIA), EC is being increasingly used as an alternative to NC due to patients' preference. There is a lot of difference in treatment cost (EC vs. NC) between countries. There is one recently published study dealing with the comparative cost analysis only in UIAs in South Korea. But it is a hospital-based study. So, the authors performed a nation-wide cost effective comparison in our country. Materials and Methods This study was a retrospective analysis of healthcare big data open systems in Health Insurance Review & Assessment Service (HIRA). Hospital cost data of the recent 5 years (from January 2010 to December 2014) were analyzed according to patients' age and sex and the presence of subarachnoid hemorrhage. Results When comparing the total hospital costs for NC of a UIA (n=13,756) and EC of a UIA (n=17,666), NC [mean±standard deviation (SD): ₩7,987,179±3,855,029] resulted in significantly lower total hospital costs than EC [₩10,201,645±5,001,626, pcosts for NC of a RA (n=7,293) and EC of a RA (n=6,954), NC [₩13,914,993±6,247,914] resulted in significantly lower total hospital costs than EC [₩16,702,446±7,841,141, pcosts for the NC of both UIAs and RAs were found to be lower than those for EC in South Korea.

  17. Crecimiento en crustáceos decápodos: resultados de investigaciones realizadas en Argentina Growth of decapod crustaceans: results of research made on Argentine species

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana M. Petriella

    1997-01-01

    Full Text Available trabajo se refiere a los aspectos biológicos del crecimiento y a los métodos empleados para estudiar el aumento de tamaño en los crustáceos Decápodos del mar epicontinental argentino. Primeramente se reseñan los mecanismos endócrinos que controlan y desencadenan la muda. Luego se describen las características distintivas del crecimiento en los crustáceos, que se produce en forma discontinua y sujeto a las sucesivas mudas (cambio del exoesqueleto. Se mencionan los métodos usados por distintos autores, especialmente los referidos a especies argentinas, incluyendo algunos de los métodos cuantitativos empleados en Argentina para analizar el crecimiento. Se presentan ejemplos sobre el dimorfismo sexual y caracteres sexuales secundarios permanentes o transitorios relacionados con el ciclo reproductivo de algunas especies. Finalmente, se destaca la influencia de las condiciones ambientales (temperatura, salinidad, contaminación y de otros factores tales como la nutrición, la pérdida de apéndices y el parasitismo sobre el crecimientoThe paper deals with the aspect related to the growth and methods used to estimate the size and weight increment of the Decapod crustaceans in the Argentine Sea (Southwest Atlantic Ocean. At first are mentioned the endocrine mechanism which promote and control the molting cycle. Comments are made on the characteristcs of the discontinuous growth in crustaceans, depending on successive moults, i.e. changes of the exoskeleton. Details are given of the methods used by different authors, especially those on argentine species, including some methods quantitative of analysis of growth. Examples are given for sexual dimorphism and secondary sexual characters, permanent or transitory, which are related to the reproductive cycle in some species. Finally, influences of environmental conditions on growth are reviewed: temperature, ligth, salinity, pressure, pollution and other factor related to nutrition, limb loss, and

  18. Migration and exile: memories of recent Argentine history through film

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Osvaldo Esteban, Fernando

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available This article uses a selection of films to explore the causes that prompted the international migration of Argentinians, for political and economic reasons, using an insider's point of view. I examine the theme of identity, that is, the relationship of individuals with their place of origin, their environment and their country. Also, the aim of this paper is to discuss the validity of film as valuable material in the analysis of the subtleties of social meanings.

  19. Acceptance and intake of gel and liquid sucrose compositions by the Argentine ant (Hymenoptera: Formicidae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silverman, J; Roulston, T H

    2001-04-01

    Liquids and gels are common delivery forms used in commercial ant baits, but the relative effectiveness of each is unknown. We compared the feeding responses of the Argentine ant, Linepithema humile (Mayr), to liquid and gel compositions of sucrose. In choice assays, more workers were counted on gel than liquid; however, substantially more liquid was consumed. Because workers could stand on the gel, more workers could feed simultaneously on the gel. The feeding bouts of individual workers, however, were much less efficient at extracting sucrose in gel form. Workers fed eightfold longer on the gel, yet removed fivefold less sucrose than workers feeding on liquid. This potential bias should be considered during attraction and palatability studies that use physically different bait compositions. When the toxicant fipronil was added to the compositions, a greater proportion of the colony died after workers had fed on liquid than gel baits. This finding suggests that liquid formulations may provide more effective control of Argentine ants due to the greater speed and abundance in which it is ingested. PMID:11332847

  20. Improving liquid bait programs for Argentine ant control: bait station density.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nelson, Erik H; Daane, Kent M

    2007-12-01

    Argentine ants, Linepithema humile (Mayr), have a positive effect on populations of mealybugs (Pseudococcus spp.) in California vineyards. Previous studies have shown reductions in both ant activity and mealybug numbers after liquid ant baits were deployed in vineyards at densities of 85-620 bait stations/ha. However, bait station densities may need to be bait stations/ha before bait-based strategies for ant control are economically comparable to spray-based insecticide treatments-a condition that, if met, will encourage the commercial adoption of liquid baits for ant control. This research assessed the effectiveness of baits deployed at lower densities. Two field experiments were conducted in commercial vineyards. In experiment 1, baits were deployed at 54-225 bait stations/ha in 2005 and 2006. In experiment 2, baits were deployed at 34-205 bait stations/ha in 2006 only. In both experiments, ant activity and the density of mealybugs in grape fruit clusters at harvest time declined with increasing bait station density. In 2005 only, European fruit lecanium scale [Parthenolecanium corni (Bouché)] were also present in fruit clusters, and scale densities were negatively related to bait station density. The results indicate that the amount of ant and mealybug control achieved by an incremental increase in the number of bait stations per hectare is constant across a broad range of bait station densities. The results are discussed in the context of commercializing liquid ant baits to provide a more sustainable Argentine ant control strategy. PMID:18284776

  1. Prosecuting International Crimes at National Level: Lessons from the Argentine ‘Truth-Finding Trials’

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena Maculan

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Truth-finding trials (juicios por la verdad constitute a novel solution devised by the Argentine judicial system to cope with crimes committed by the past military dictatorship. This mechanism uses criminal courts as well as criminal procedure in order to investigate the truth about the dictatorship's crimes; however, the trials allow judges neither to establish criminal responsibility nor to punish the perpetrators of crimes. This limitation is due to the inability, imposed by the Full Stop and Due Obedience Laws, to prosecute the perpetrators of crimes.From the perspective of criminal law, truth-finding trials present two problematic features: firstly, their creation and regulation are set by judges, which has caused the development of many non-homogeneous local solutions and, secondly, their hybrid nature, which entails a possible subversion of conventional forms and goals in the context of the criminal trial.The paper also describes the current situation, since the Argentine impunity laws were declared unconstitutional and criminal proceedings reopened. The new framework provokes questions about the relationship between the reopened criminal trials and the truth-finding investigations, not only with regard to evidentiary issues but also with respect to the reason why the truth-finding investigations are still held.Finally, the shift from a non-punitive approach to the current full criminal accountability seems to suggest that truth-finding trials were merely a temporary solution, while the notion of the full prosecution and punishment of State crimes was never really set aside.

  2. Potential application of Northern Argentine propolis to control some phytopathogenic bacteria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ordóñez, R M; Zampini, I C; Moreno, M I Nieva; Isla, M I

    2011-10-20

    The antimicrobial activity of samples of Northern Argentine propolis (Tucumán, Santiago del Estero and Chaco) against phytopathogenic bacteria was assessed and the most active samples were identified. Minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) values were determined by agar macrodilution and broth microdilution assays. Strong antibacterial activity was detected against Erwinia carotovora spp carotovora CECT 225, Pseudomonas syringae pvar tomato CECT 126, Pseudomonas corrugata CECT 124 and Xanthomonas campestris pvar vesicatoria CECT 792. The most active propolis extract (Tucumán, T1) was selected to bioguide isolation and identified for antimicrobial compound (2',4'-dihydroxychalcone). The antibacterial chalcone was more active than the propolis ethanolic extract (MIC values of 0.5-1 μg ml(-1) and 9.5-15 μg ml(-1), respectively). Phytotoxicity assays were realized and the propolis extracts did not retard germination of lettuce seeds or the growth of onion roots. Propolis solutions applied as sprays on tomato fruits infected with P. syringae reduced the severity of disease. Application of the Argentine propolis extracts diluted with water may be promising for the management of post harvest diseases of fruits. PMID:21237629

  3. Conflits et coopérations en territoire montagnard Mapuche (Argentine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renaud Miniconi

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available La question des autochtones est devenue, durant les deux dernières décennies, une préoccupation majeure dans différents pays du monde, comme en Argentine où environ 600 000 individus se reconnaissent comme tels, soit 1,5 % de sa population totale. Toutefois, ces populations sont encore trop souvent marginalisées à l’échelle de certaines régions, comme c’est le cas pour les Mapuche du Parc National Nahuel Huapi, situé dans les provinces du Rio Negro et de Neuquén. Si les textes internationaux et parfois nationaux réhabilitent certains droits humains essentiels de ces populations, les réalités locales sont plus contrastées, du fait d’intérêts souvent divergents des acteurs régionaux. Dans le contexte particulier d’une Argentine marquée par des difficultés d’accès à la propriété foncière pour une large part de la population, les parcs nationaux se révèlent être des outils pertinents, pour les populations autochtones, de recouvrement de leurs terres ancestrales, grâce en particulier aux processus de co-gestion participative mise en place sur ces territoires.

  4. Egyptian Arab Republic

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this work are given the principal news concerning petroleum and natural gas in Egyptian Arab Republic. An important discovery of natural gas has been made in Khalda (Egyptian Arab Republic). The discovery well will be temporarily abandoned until it is connected to the egyptian pipeline system. In 1996 the south Khalda will be explored with at least two well drilling. The transit duties by the Suez canal for liquefied natural gas exports have decreased of 35%. The Arab Petroleum Pipeline Company studies a connection project of the trans saudi pipeline with the Suez mediterranean pipeline. The Egyptian General Petroleum Corporation will furnish 2,5 milliards of m3 per year of natural gas to Israel during 20 years. (O.L.). 2 figs

  5. Kyrgyz Republic : Student Assessment

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank

    2009-01-01

    In 2009, the Kyrgyz Republic joined the Russia Education Aid for Development (READ) trust fund program, the goal of which is to help countries improve their capacity to design, carry out, analyze, and use assessments for improved student learning. As part of the READ trust fund program, and in order to gain a better understanding of the strengths and weaknesses of its existing assessment s...

  6. Azerbaijan Republic; Selected Issues

    OpenAIRE

    International Monetary Fund

    2005-01-01

    This Selected Issues paper on Azerbaijan Republic reports that the government has made substantial progress in dealing with energy-related subsidies. The domestic market for oil products has been tightly regulated by the government since Azerbaijan gained independence. Azerbaijan is largely self-sufficient in oil products because of its substantial endowment of exhaustible mineral deposits and existing refining capacity. Although Azerbaijan is self-sufficient in oil products, it needs to impo...

  7. Czech Republic [2011

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Linek, Lukáš

    2011-01-01

    Roč. 50, 7-8 (2011), s. 948-954. ISSN 0304-4130 R&D Projects: GA ČR GAP408/10/0584 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z70280505 Keywords : Czech politics * political parties * Czech republic Subject RIV: AD - Politology ; Political Sciences Impact factor: 1.478, year: 2011 http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1475-6765.2011.02017.x/full

  8. Differential use of the Argentine shelf by wintering adults and juveniles southern giant petrels, Macronectes giganteus, from Patagonia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blanco, Gabriela S.; Quintana, Flavio

    2014-08-01

    To study habitat use and at-sea movements of southern giant petrels (SGP) during non-breeding period, we deployed 15 satellite transmitters (six adults, nine juveniles) at Isla Arce and Isla Gran Robredo colonies in Patagonia, Argentina. Birds were instrumented during 81.4 ± 37 days. Adult birds used 74% of the Argentine shelf concentrating mainly at the shelf break, middle shelf waters, and the surroundings of the colony. After fledging, juveniles spread to the Argentine, Uruguayan and Brazilian shelves within the South Atlantic. Adults alternated at-sea excursions (12 ± 5 days) with periods at the colony of 3 ± 0.3 days. Contrarily, juveniles moved first to the shelf break and then traveled northwards reaching the south of Brazil. There was some spatial overlap between age classes, but only during the first 30 days after juveniles had fledged; thereafter there was not overlap between the areas used by both age classes. The Argentine shelf is widely used by different species offering a suitable environment for foraging; this may be why adults SGP from Patagonian colonies spend all year-round within the Argentine shelf. The identification of used areas of non-breeding SGP fills a gap in the species knowledge contributing not only to the preservation the species, but also to the management of marine areas globally recognized as important for many other Procellariiformes.

  9. En torno a la desilusión argentina On Argentine disillusionment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrés Kozel

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Con base en una revisión de la bibliografía que aborda el tema del fracaso argentino, y tomando en consideración las obras de cinco intelectuales que fueron, de alguna manera, especialistas en nombrar "los males del país" -Lucas Ayarragaray, Leopoldo Lugones, Benjamín Villafañe, Ezequiel Martínez Estrada y Julio Irazusta-, el artículo explora respuestas posibles para los interrogantes siguientes: ¿cómo definir el concepto de fracaso?; ¿cuándo datar la emergencia del tópico en la historia cultural argentina?; ¿cómo articular su aparición con procesos económicos y sociales más generales?; ¿cómo jalonar las peripecias de esa idea?; ¿cómo caracterizar, cómo clasificar, sus principales expresiones?; ¿cómo pensar la significación global de toda esa dinámica…? El planteamiento general destaca que el tópico del fracaso argentino adquirió sus rasgos decisivos durante la primera mitad del siglo XX, a través de una dinámica compleja que, más allá de sus especificidades, parece haber contribuido a la erosión de una entera configuración ideológico-cultural, caracterizada por un notorio impulso de futuridad, a la que denomino ilusión argentina. Como telón de fondo del proceso cabe mencionar la creciente complejización social, la cada vez mayor y disonante diversificación discursiva (Tulio Halperín y la profunda crisis de hegemonía experimentadas por el país a lo largo del período.Considering a review of the bibliography that approaches the topic about the Argentinean failure, and taking into account the analysis of five intellectuals that had been, in some way, specialists in naming "the country's ills" -Lucas Ayarragaray, Leopoldo Lugones, Benjamín Villafañe, Ezequiel Martínez Estrada and Julio Irazusta- the article explores some commendable answers to the following questions: How to define the concept of failure?; When to date the emergency of this topic in the cultural history of Argentina?; How can we link

  10. Argentine folk medicine: genotoxic effects of Chenopodiaceae family.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gadano, A B; Gurni, A A; Carballo, M A

    2006-01-16

    Chenopodium ambrosioides L. and Chenopodium multifidum L. (Chenopodiaceae), common name: Paico, are medicinal plants. They are aromatic shrubs growing in South America. For centuries, they have been used due to its medicinal properties. However, there are few reports in literature about the genotoxic effects of these plants. There for, the aim of these work is the evaluation of genetic damage induced by decoction and infusion of this plants which were assayed in different concentrations (1, 10, 100, 1,000 microL extract/mL culture), by addition of the extract to human lymphocyte cell cultures, negative controls were included. The endpoints evaluated were chromosomal aberrations (CA), sister chromatid exchanges (SCE), cell proliferation kinetics (CPK) and mitotic index (MI). The repeated measure analysis of variance was used for statistic evaluation of the results. The results showed: (a) statistical increase in the percentage of cells with CA and in the frequency of SCE when cultures were exposed to both aromatic plants, (b) a decrease in MI of both Paicos assayed, although no modification in the CPK values was observed, (c) no effect was noticed in the analysis of Chenopodium album L., which was used as negative control of the essential oil. These results suggest a cyto and genotoxic effect of Chenopodium ambrosioides and Chenopodium multifidum aqueous extracts related to the essential oil of the plant (as Chenopodium album did not perform). PMID:16219440

  11. Neutron spectrometric evaluations in the Argentine research reactor RA-1

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: The determination of the quantities dose equivalent H*(10) and personal dose equivalent Hp(10) in mixed field (n,γ) needs the knowledge of the related spectrum. In order to fulfill this aim spectrometer system has been built based on the combination of polyethylene spheres of different diameters (Bonner Spheres System-BSS) and a He3 proportional counter detector sensitive to thermal neutrons. The detector is located in the geometrical centre of each of the spheres and has an associated electronics with a charge preamplifier, an amplifier and a multichannel system that allows the outgoing spectrum analysis. In order to determine the neutron spectrum a deconvolution method is applied based on the LOUHI82 code. In this work are shown the spectra and the related values of H*(10) that have been got in five places of the reactor and in the command room with the BSS. (author)

  12. Applying a small NPP in the Argentine mining industry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The CAREM 25 reactor project is a small PWR nuclear power plant of 27 MWe, based on advanced concepts: a self-pressurized integral primary with natural convection of the coolant and a more simple and reliable general design. The CAREM concept has many advantages as a power generator in small electrical grids. Besides, there are some non-electrical applications under consideration, since a co-generation scheme seems very interesting from the economical point of view. In this category two alternatives have been considered: a standard desalination facility and a process plant in the mining industry. In this paper, a conceptual analysis of the second alternative is presented. Mining is a branch of the domestic industry that has shown a remarkable growth in the past three years mainly due to a steady inflow of foreign investments (about two billion dollars for that period). And one of the most attractive markets is in the extraction and manufacturing of non-ferrous minerals, coming from deposits in the northwest of Argentina: sodium sulfate, lithium salts, and boron compounds. Nevertheless it faces an unsolved problem in the energy high prices due to the fact that the production sites are located in remote areas where the only achievable energy source is the transportation of fuel oil. In this scenario, a small NPP may be a competitive source of process heat and electricity, with enough autonomy to uncouple fuel requirements from production strategies. The present study analyses the possible application of the CAREM concept in the non-ferrous mining industry of the Northwest of Argentina, considering a co-generation scheme. The main results of this analysis and the inherent advantages of the approach, show that the alternative may be feasible both from the technical and the economical points of view. (author)

  13. INTER-COUNTRY EFFICIENCY EVALUATION IN INNOVATION ACTIVITY ON THE BASIS OF METHOD FOR DATA ENVELOPMENT ANALYSIS AMONG COUNTRIES WITH DEVELOPED AND DEVELOPING ECONOMY, INCLUDING THE REPUBLIC OF BELARUS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I. V. Zhukovski

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper considers a problem on efficiency evaluation of innovation activity in 63 countries with developed and developing economies while using a method for data envelopment analysis. The following results of innovation activity have been used for calculation of an efficiency factor: export of high-technology products as percentage of industrial product export, export of ICT services as percentage of services export and payments obtained due to realization of intellectual property rights (in US dollars. A model of the data envelopment analysis with a changeable scale-dependent effect and which is directed on maximization of the obtained results (output-oriented VRS model has been used for the analysis. The evaluation has shown that such countries as the USA, Israel, Sweden and some others have maximum efficiency of resource transformation into innovative activity output. The executed analysis has revealed that the Republic of Belarus has a potential for improvement of indices on innovation results.

  14. THE EMOTIONAL EXPRESSIVITY SCALE VALIDATION IN ARGENTINE UNIVERSITY STUDENTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sebastián Eduardo Piemontesi

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Emotional Expressivity, defined as the ability to express emotional states in ob-servable behaviors, is essential for individuals healthy functioning, and was po -sitively associated with wellbeing, self-esteem, life satisfaction and negatively related with diseases such as schizophrenia, depression, personality disorders and post traumatic stress disorder. To answer the need for an instrument which can evaluate this construct in a valid and reliable manner, this study explored the psychometric properties of the Emotional Expressivity Scale adapted into Spa-nish. For this reason, an exploratory factor analysis replicating the one-dimension solution was performed, a coefficient alpha of .94 was obtained, gender differen -ces with higher scores in women, and test-retest coefficients for a 4-week interval with values of .88 in women and .86 in men. Additionally, confirmatory factor analyzes were performed separately for each gender obtaining appropriate va-lues for all fit indices, but not in men. Finally the results, scope and limitations of this paper are discussed.

  15. Hydrogeology aspects of the Tandilia piedmont region (Buenos Aires, Argentine)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Sierras de Tandilia piedmont area is a region trending NW-SE from the Atlantic Ocean to the China Hills (Olavarria) in the southeast of the province of Buenos Aires. Despite the intense demand for groundwater in the area, more so than in almost any other part of Argentina, knowledge about the aquifers is very scarce or highly localized. In a large part of the region little or nothing is known about the aquifer units, which might afford very important comparative benefits in terms of potential water exploitation rates. The aim of this study has been to analyse the main features of these aquifers, bearing in mind their different sedimentary architectures (depositional characteristics of the region), to define the basic hydrogeologic models. We also include a brief analysis of the hydraulic characteristics determined in these aquifers with reference to their architectural types. We have identified various types of aquifer: leaky, unconfined, semi-unconfined, and fractured, and obtained very diverse transmissivity values, from 30 m2/d with specific flow capacities of 1 m3/hm, to 500 m2/d with specific flow capacities of 20 m3/hm or more. We propose that these variations in the hydraulic characteristics of the aquifers conditioned to a great extent by the hydro stratigraphy and, especially, the types of sedimentary architecture that go to framing the hydrogeologic models in this region. (Author) 37 refs.

  16. Application of ALD Images and Caliper Data for the breakout analysis from the wells which were drilled in the Caspian Sea of the Azerbaijan Republic

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amirov, Elnur

    2016-04-01

    compressive strength of the rock. This can create the enlargement of the borehole with two failure zones opposite to each other with circumference at 180 degrees (for instance top side vs bottom side of the borehole or right side vs left side of the borehole). The image tracks for Rhob (density), Pe (photoelectric absorption) and Caliper can show the data such as edges of the track from the top, right, bottom and left sides of the hole (the center of the track is the bottom side of the borehole). Generally the color gradation (different spectrums) can be used in order to show the orientation change in the measurement around the wellbore. The azimuthal density, Pe, and Caliper data can be pointed and visualized as a log curves which can represent the average of all available data (an average of the top, right, bottom and left sides (or quadrants) or as 8 (RT) or 16 (RM) individual bins and as an ALD Image log. In addition, the Caliper data can give us information about the diameter and geometry of the borehole while drilling, trip in and trip out activities (for more detailed breakout analysis and interpretations). This paper (abstract) will present the results of a breakout analysis conducted from the wells which were drilled in the Caspian Sea of the Azerbaijan Republic in order to evaluate the available ALD images, caliper information and eventually incorporation of all available data into the wellbore stability monitoring service (breakout analysis).

  17. Selection and characterization of Argentine isolates of Trichoderma harzianum for effective biocontrol of Septoria leaf blotch of wheat.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stocco, Marina C; Mónaco, Cecilia I; Abramoff, Cecilia; Lampugnani, Gladys; Salerno, Graciela; Kripelz, Natalia; Cordo, Cristina A; Consolo, Verónica F

    2016-03-01

    Species of the genus Trichoderma are economically important as biocontrol agents, serving as a potential alternative to chemical control. The applicability of Trichoderma isolates to different ecozones will depend on the behavior of the strains selected from each zone. The present study was undertaken to isolate biocontrol populations of Trichoderma spp. from the Argentine wheat regions and to select and characterize the best strains of Trichoderma harzianum by means of molecular techniques. A total of 84 out of the 240 strains of Trichoderma were able to reduce the disease severity of the leaf blotch of wheat. Thirty-seven strains were selected for the reduction equal to or greater than 50 % of the severity, compared with the control. The percentage values of reduction of the pycnidial coverage ranged between 45 and 80 %. The same last strains were confirmed as T. harzianum by polymerase chain reaction amplification of internal transcribed spacers, followed by sequencing. Inter-simple sequence repeat was used to examine the genetic variability among isolates. This resulted in a total of 132 bands. Further numerical analysis revealed 19 haplotypes, grouped in three clusters (I, II, III). Shared strains, with different geographical origins and isolated in different years, were observed within each cluster. The origin of the isolates and the genetic group were partially related. All isolates from Paraná were in cluster I, all isolates from Lobería were in cluster II, and all isolates from Pergamino and Santa Fe were in cluster III. Our results suggest that the 37 native strains of T. harzianum are important in biocontrol programs and could be advantageous for the preparation of biopesticides adapted to the agroecological conditions of wheat culture. PMID:26873560

  18. Efficiency of hospitals in the Czech Republic

    OpenAIRE

    Procházková, Jana; Šťastná, Lenka

    2011-01-01

    The paper estimates cost efficiency of 99 general hospitals in the Czech Republic during 2001-2008 using Stochastic Frontier Analysis. We estimate a baseline model and also a model accounting for various inefficiency determinants. Group-specific inefficiency is present even having taken care of a number of characteristics. We found that inefficiency increases with teaching status, more than 20,000 treated patients a year, not-for-profit status and a larger share of the elderly in the municipa...

  19. Investment Climate in Kyrgyz Republic

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank Group

    2015-01-01

    The World Bank Group’s investment climate project conducted a survey of foreign investors in the Kyrgyz Republic - both those currently operating and those that have terminated their operations for various reasons. The purpose of the survey was to assess selected aspects of the investment policy and legal environment in place in the Kyrgyz Republic, so as to determine whether the current r...

  20. Variation in the proximate composition and fatty acid profile recovered from Argentine hake (Merluccius hubbsi waste from Patagonia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cretton, M.

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The fish processing operations in Patagonia produce large amounts of waste. The main fishery resource in Argentina is the Argentine hake (Merluccius hubbsi. The ports of the province of Chubut (the most important of which are Puerto Madryn, Rawson and Comodoro Rivadavia, together with Caleta Paula Port (province of Santa Cruz, in the Argentine Patagonia, capture more than 82,000 tons of hake annualy, 80% of which are of M. hubbsi, which is mostly converted into fillets. From this capture, about 2,296 tons of liver would be available for the extraction of oil. To promote the recovery and industrial use of fish oil, in the present study, we determined the variation in the proximate composition and fatty acid profile of Argentine hake waste from the ports mentioned above at different catch times. Proximate composition was determined according of the Official Methods of Analysis (AOAC. Fatty acid profile was analyzed by gas chromatography of the fatty acid methyl esters (FAMEs. A standard mixture of FAMEs was run under identical conditions to identify the compounds on the basis of their retention times. Fatty acids were quantified using heptadecanoic acid (C17:0 as internal standard. The highest lipid recovery (27.0 to 41.8% of total lipids was obtained from the liver fraction. Palmitic acid (C16:0, oleic acid (18:1 n9, docosahexaenoic acid (22:6 n3, eicosapentaenoic acid (20:5 n3 and palmitoleic acid (16:1 were the main constituents. Protein levels in viscera without livers (V-L were higher than those in the liver. The extraction of marine fish oil and the production of fish offal meal from waste from fish factories would contribute to the sustainability of the regional industry, because it would also decrease the volume of waste, with benefits to the environment.El procesamiento de pescados en Patagonia produce gran cantidad de residuos. El recurso de pesca más importante en la Argentina es la merluza argentina (Merluccius hubbsi. En Patagonia

  1. Dynamics and genetic structure of Argentine ant supercolonies in their native range

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vogel, Valérie; Pedersen, Jes S; d'Ettorre, Patrizia;

    2009-01-01

    analyses revealed the presence of 11 supercolonies (width 1 to 515 m) over a 3-km transect. As in the introduced range, there was always strong aggression between but never within supercolonies. The genetic data were in perfect agreement with the behavioral tests, all nests being assigned to identical......Some introduced ant populations have an extraordinary social organization, called unicoloniality, whereby individuals mix freely within large supercolonies. We investigated whether this mode of social organization also exists in native populations of the Argentine ant Linepithema humile. Behavioral...... units. Genetic and chemical distances between supercolonies were positively correlated, but there were no other significant associations between geographic, genetic, chemical, and behavioral distances. A comparison of supercolonies sampled in 1999 and 2005 revealed a very high turnover, with about one...

  2. Diet and genotype effects on the quality index of beef produced in the Argentine Pampeana region.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Latimori, N J; Kloster, A M; García, P T; Carduza, F J; Grigioni, G; Pensel, N A

    2008-07-01

    Steers of varying genotypes (Aberdeen Angus, Charolais x AA and Argentine Holstein) in four feeding systems were evaluated. Feeding systems were: S1=a diet based on pastures only; S2=a similar forage base as S1 plus a daily supplementation with cracked corn, at 0.7% of l.w./head/day; S3=a similar forage base as S1 plus a daily supplementation with cracked corn, at 1.0% of l.w./head/day; and S4=a regular feedlot diet. Tenderness and marbling were not affected by the feeding system. Feedlot meat showed an n-6/n-3 ratio significantly higher than meat produced with the diets based on pastures (S1=2.1; S2=3.1; S3=4.5; S4=14.2) (Pmeat with better nutritional characteristics than other productive alternatives, without significant effects of the biotypes. PMID:22062907

  3. Valvulopathy consistent with endocarditis in an Argentine boa (Boa constrictor occidentalis).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wernick, Morena B; Novo-Matos, José; Ebling, Alessia; Kühn, Karolin; Ruetten, Maja; Hilbe, Monika; Howard, Judith; Chang, Rita; Prohaska, Sarah; Hatt, Jean-Michel

    2015-03-01

    An Argentine boa (Boa constrictor occidentalis) of 5 yr 7 mo of age was presented for respiratory problems and regurgitation. Radiographs revealed evidence of cardiomegaly and pneumonia. Blood smear examination revealed the presence of intracytoplasmic inclusion bodies in peripheral lymphocytes, consistent with inclusion body disease. Cultures of a tracheal wash sample resulted in growth of Ochrobactrum intermedium and Pseudomonas putida. Echocardiographic examination revealed a large vegetative lesion on the right atrioventricular valve with valvular insufficiency, a mildly dilated right atrium, and pulmonary hypertension. Postmortem examination confirmed the presence of pneumonia and bacterial endocarditis with dystrophic mineralization of the right atrioventricular valve, associated with different bacteria than those cultured from the tracheal wash. The present case is the first report of endocarditis in a boa constrictor and contributes to the rare reports of cardiac disease in snakes. PMID:25831585

  4. Basis for the implementation of digital signature in Argentine's health environment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The growth of telemedical applications and electronic transactions in health environments is paced by the constant technology evolution. This implies a big cultural change in traditional medicine and in hospital information systems' users which arrival is delayed, basically, by the lack of solid laws and a well defined role-based infrastructure. The use of digital signature as a mean of identification, authentication, confidentiality and non-repudiation is the most suitable tool for assuring the electronic transactions and patient's data protection. The implementation of a Public Key Infrastructure (PKI) in health environment allows for authentication, encryption and use of digital signature for assuring confidentiality and control of the movement of sensitive information. This work defines the minimum technological, legal and procedural basis for a successful PKI implementation and establishes the roles for the different actors in the chain of confidence in the public health environment of Argentine

  5. Copi et Puig, ovnis du théâtre argentin ?

    OpenAIRE

    Souquet, Lionel

    2015-01-01

    C’est en 1968 que Copi (Raúl Damonte Botana, 1939-1987) publie sa première pièce, La journée d’une rêveuse puis, un an plus tard, la très iconoclaste Eva Peron. Par son milieu familial, Copi a baigné dès l’enfance dans la vie théâtrale internationale et a été fortement influencé par sa grand-mère, la dramaturge anarcho-féministe Salvadora Medina Onrubia de Botana. Mais, vivant en exil avec sa famille, Copi est coupé de la réalité de la scène argentine et il écrit d’ailleurs ses premières pièc...

  6. Pratiques alimentaires et (re)construction identitaire chez des migrants boliviens de retour d’Argentine

    OpenAIRE

    Suremain, Charles-Édouard de

    2010-01-01

    L’étude anthropologique des pratiques alimentaires de migrants boliviens de retour ayant longuement séjourné en Argentine permet d’aborder la problématique de la migration et de l’identité : la construction sociale, réelle et imaginaire, de la migration ne passe-t-elle pas aussi par l’alimentation ? Ce que l’on mange ici et là-bas éclaire, en creux, le succès ou l’échec donné à la migration par les migrants et aide à comprendre plus finement les significations locales données à la pauvreté et...

  7. Proceedings of the eighth scientific meeting; second latin american meeting; first engineering and argentine nuclear industry exposition at Buenos Aires, 5-10 november 1979

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Compilation of 59 papers of different authors, most of whom are personnel from the Argentine National Atomic Energy Commission (CNEA), the others belonging to the firms involved in the development of the Argentine Nuclear Programme. The papers are arranged in 7 sections comprising the following groups of subjects; experimental and power reactors; fuel elements' fabrication study; prospection, extraction, production and study of nuclear materials; radiological and nuclear safety; instrumentation and control; quality assurance, and technological applications. (R.J.S.)

  8. Variation in the proximate composition and fatty acid profile recovered from Argentine hake (Merluccius hubbsi) waste from Patagonia

    OpenAIRE

    Cretton, M.; Rost, E.; Mazzuca Sobczuk, T.; Mazzuca, M.

    2016-01-01

    The fish processing operations in Patagonia produce large amounts of waste. The main fishery resource in Argentina is the Argentine hake (Merluccius hubbsi). The ports of the province of Chubut (the most important of which are Puerto Madryn, Rawson and Comodoro Rivadavia), together with Caleta Paula Port (province of Santa Cruz), in the Argentine Patagonia, capture more than 82,000 tons of hake annualy, 80% of which are of M. hubbsi, which is mostly converted into fillets. From this capture, ...

  9. Development of virtual bait stations to control Argentine ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in environmentally sensitive habitats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Choe, Dong-Hwan; Vetter, Richard S; Rust, Michael K

    2010-10-01

    A novel bait station referred to as a virtual bait station was developed and tested against field populations of the invasive Argentine ant, Linepithema humile (Mayr) (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), at White Beach, Camp Pendleton, in Oceanside, CA. White Beach is a nesting habitat for an endangered seabird, the California least tern (Sterna antillarum browni Mearns). The beach is heavily infested with Argentine ants, one of the threats for the California least tern chicks. Conventional pest control strategies are prohibited because of the existence of the protected bird species and the site's proximity to the ocean. The bait station consisted of a polyvinyl chloride pipe that was treated on the inside with fipronil insecticide at low concentrations to obtain delayed toxicity against ants. The pipe was provisioned with an inverted bottle of 25% sucrose solution, then capped, and buried in the sand. Foraging ants crossed the treated surface to consume the sucrose solution. The delayed toxicity of fipronil deposits allowed the ants to continue foraging on the sucrose solution and to interact with their nestmates, killing them within 3-5 d after exposure. Further modification of the bait station design minimized the accumulation of dead ants in the sucrose solution, significantly improving the longevity and efficacy of the bait station. The virtual bait station exploits the foraging behavior of the ants and provides a low impact approach to control ants in environmentally sensitive habitats. It excluded all insects except ants, required only milligram quantities of toxicant, and eliminated the problem of formulating toxicants into aqueous sugar baits. PMID:21061977

  10. Therapeutic Argentine tango dancing for people living with Parkinson’s disease: a feasibility study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura M Blandy

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Background: Individuals living with Parkinson’s disease (PD can experience a range of movement disorders. Therapeutic dance is enjoyable and thought to improve mobility, balance and well being in some people with PD. The primary objective of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and safety of a 4 week Argentine tango dance program for people with PD. Methods: Six community dwelling individuals with mild-moderate PD were recruited from Parkinson’s support groups, movement disorder clinics and the Parkinson’s disease Association in Australia. To minimise falls risk, participants were required to be less than 75 years of age and physically independent (Hoehn and Yahr stages I-III. They were also required to speak English. Participants attended a 1 hour dance class at a dance studio twice per week for 4 weeks. A professional dance instructor led and choreographed the classes. Physiotherapists were present to assist participants during the class and served as dance partners as necessary. The primary outcome was feasibility which was determined by measures of recruitment, adherence, attrition, safety (falls, near misses and adverse events and resource requirements. Secondary measures included the Beck Depression Inventory and the Euroqol-5D, administered at baseline and post intervention. Therapy outcomes pre and post-intervention were analysed descriptively as medians and inter-quartile ranges and using Wilcoxon matched pair signed-rank tests.Results: The Argentine tango dance intervention was shown to be safe, with no adverse events. Adherence to the dance program was 89%. Depression scores improved after intervention (p=0.04. Some challenges were associated with the need to quickly recruitment participants and supplying physiotherapists to act as dance partners. Conclusion: The program was shown to be feasible and safe for people with mild to moderately severe PD.

  11. Floral visitation by the Argentine ant reduces bee visitation and plant seed set.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hanna, Cause; Naughton, Ida; Boser, Christina; Alarcón, Ruben; Hung, Keng-Lou James; Holway, David

    2015-01-01

    Ants often visit flowers, but have only seldom been documented to provide effective pollination services. Floral visitation by ants can also compromise plant reproduction in situations where ants interfere with more effective pollinators. Introduced ants may be especially likely to reduce plant reproductive success through floral visitation, but existing experimental studies have found little support for this hypothesis. Here, we combine experimental and observational approaches to examine the importance of floral visitation by the nonnative Argentine ant (Linepithema humile) on plant species native to Santa Cruz Island, California, USA. First, we determine how L. humile affects floral visitor diversity, bee visitation rates, and levels of pollen limitation for the common, focal plant species island morning glory (Calystegia macrostegia ssp. macrostegia). Second, we assess the broader ecological consequences of floral visitation by L. humile by comparing floral visitation networks between invaded and uninvaded sites. The Argentine ant and native ants both visited island morning glory flowers, but L. humile was much more likely to behave aggressively towards other floral visitors and to be the sole floral occupant. The presence of L. humile in morning glory flowers reduced floral visitor diversity, decreased rates of bee visitation, and increased levels of pollen limitation. Network comparisons between invaded and uninvaded. sites revealed differences in both network structure and species-level attributes. In. invaded sites, floral visitors were observed on fewer plant species, ants had a higher per-plant interaction strength relative to that of other visitors, and interaction strengths between bees and plants were weaker. These results illustrate that introduced ants can negatively affect plant reproduction and potentially disrupt pollination services at an ecosystem scale. PMID:26236907

  12. Culture et propagande franquiste dans l’Argentine péroniste

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laurent Bonardi

    2004-09-01

    Full Text Available La fin de la Seconde Guerre Mondiale et la condamnation internationale de l’Espagne plongent le régime franquiste dans une situation très délicate. Cependant, le gouvernement argentin du général Peron devient un véritable gilet de sauvetage pour la dictature espagnole. Le régime du Caudillo profite de ce contexte pour développer une propagande très intense dans le Rio de la Plata. Pour mener à bien les différentes actions de propagande, les représentants espagnols en Argentine devront lutter contre les activités antifranquistes des exilés.La conclusión de la Segunda Guerra Mundial y la condena internacional de España sumen al régimen franquista en una muy delicada coyuntura. Sin embargo, el gobierno argentino del general Perón se convierte en un auténtico chaleco salvavidas para la dictadura española. El régimen del Caudillo aprovecha este contexto para desarrollar una intensa propaganda en el Río de la Plata. Para llevar a cabo las distintas acciones propagandísticas, los representantes españoles en Argentina tendrán que luchar contra las actividades antifranquistas de los exiliados.The end of World War II and the international condemnation of Spain put Franco’s regime in a very delicate situation. However, the Argentinian government of the general Peron appeared as a “life jacket” for the Spanish dictatorship. The government of the Caudillo used this context to develop a very intense propaganda in the Rio de la Plata. Still, to conclude their various propagandist actions, the Spanish representatives in Argentina had to fight against the activities of antifranquist people in exile.

  13. First finding of melanic sylvatic Triatoma infestans (Hemiptera: Reduviidae) colonies in the Argentine Chaco.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ceballos, L A; Piccinali, R V; Berkunsky, I; Kitron, U; Gürtler, R E

    2009-09-01

    Triatoma infestans (Klug), the most important vector of Chagas disease in southern South America, is a highly domiciliated species with well-known sylvatic foci only in the Bolivian Andean valleys and in the Bolivian Chaco, where melanic insects designated as "dark morphs" were found. After the tentative identification of two melanic bugs collected from parrot nests in a forest reserve in the Argentine Chaco as T. infestans, we conducted an intensive search there using mouse-baited sticky traps in summer 2006 and 2007. Four live T. infestans bugs were collected in trees without parrot nests in 288 trap-nights, whereas no bug was collected from inside trees with active parrot nests in 51 trap-nights. To increase bug captures, hollow tree trunks that recently had had Amazona aestiva (Berlepsch) and Aratinga acuticaudata (Vieillot) parrot nests were treated with insecticide fumigant canisters exhibiting strong knockdown power. Four (22%) of 18 trees were positive for T. infestans with a dark phenotype. A fragment of the mitochondrial gene COI of 8 of the 14 triatomine bugs collected was successfully sequenced and confirmed as T. infestans. Most of the bugs were captured from Aspidosperma quebracho-blanco (Schlechter) hollow tree trunks harboring parrot nests. All of the T. infestans collected from the nearest house located at 10 km from the sylvatic foci displayed normal chromatic characters. The repeated finding of T. infestans in sylvatic habitats, albeit at very low density, shows that this species is capable of maintaining viable sylvatic foci in the absence of human hosts and immigration from domestic populations. These are the first confirmed findings of sylvatic T. infestans colonies in Argentina and of dark morphs in the Argentine Chaco. PMID:19769054

  14. First Finding of Melanic Sylvatic Triatoma infestans (Hemiptera: Reduviidae) Colonies in the Argentine Chaco

    Science.gov (United States)

    CEBALLOS, L. A.; PICCINALI, R. V.; BERKUNSKY, I.; KITRON, U.; GÜRTLER, R. E.

    2009-01-01

    Triatoma infestans (Klug), the most important vector of Chagas disease in southern South America, is a highly domiciliated species with well-known sylvatic foci only in the Bolivian Andean valleys and in the Bolivian Chaco, where melanic insects designated as “dark morphs” were found. After the tentative identification of two melanic bugs collected from parrot nests in a forest reserve in the Argentine Chaco as T. infestans, we conducted an intensive search there using mouse-baited sticky traps in summer 2006 and 2007. Four live T. infestans bugs were collected in trees without parrot nests in 288 trap-nights, whereas no bug was collected from inside trees with active parrot nests in 51 trap-nights. To increase bug captures, hollow tree trunks that recently had had Amazona aestiva (Berlepsch) and Aratinga acuticaudata (Vieillot) parrot nests were treated with insecticide fumigant canisters exhibiting strong knockdown power. Four (22%) of 18 trees were positive for T. infestans with a dark phenotype. A fragment of the mitochondrial gene COI of 8 of the 14 triatomine bugs collected was successfully sequenced and confirmed as T. infestans. Most of the bugs were captured from Aspidosperma quebracho-blanco (Schlechter) hollow tree trunks harboring parrot nests. All of the T. infestans collected from the nearest house located at 10 km from the sylvatic foci displayed normal chromatic characters. The repeated finding of T. infestans in sylvatic habitats, albeit at very low density, shows that this species is capable of maintaining viable sylvatic foci in the absence of human hosts and immigration from domestic populations. These are the first confirmed findings of sylvatic T. infestans colonies in Argentina and of dark morphs in the Argentine Chaco. PMID:19769054

  15. Marine fronts are important fishing areas for demersal species at the Argentine Sea (Southwest Atlantic Ocean)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alemany, Daniela; Acha, Eduardo M.; Iribarne, Oscar O.

    2014-03-01

    The high primary and secondary production associated with frontal systems attract a diversity of organisms due to high prey availability; this is why a strong relationship between fronts and pelagic fisheries has been shown worldwide. In the Argentine Sea, demersal resources are the most important, both in economical and in ecological sense; so we hypothesize that fronts are also preferred fishing areas for demersal resources. We evaluated the relationship between spatial distribution of fishing effort and oceanographic fronts, analyzing three of the most important frontal systems located in the Argentine Sea: the shelf-break front, the southern Patagonia front and the mid-shelf front. Individual vessel satellite monitoring system data (VMS; grouped by fleet type: ice-trawlers, freezer-trawlers and jigging fleet) were studied and fishing events were identified. Fishing events per area were used as a proxy of fishing effort and its spatial distribution by fleet type was visualized and analyzed with Geographic Information Systems. Oceanographic fronts were defined using polygons based on satellite chlorophyll amplitude values, and the percentage of fishing events within each polygon was calculated. Results showed a positive association between fronts and fishing activities of the different fleets, which suggests the aggregation of target species in these zones. The coupling of the freezer-trawler and jigging fleets (that operate on lower trophic level species; Macruronus magellanicus and Illex argentinus respectively) with fronts was higher than the ice-trawler fleet, targeting species of higher trophic level (Merluccius hubbsi). Marine fronts represent important fishing areas, even for demersal resources, as the distribution of fishing fleets and fishing effort are positively associated with frontal zones.

  16. Argentina; Argentine

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-04-01

    This economical study summarizes the energy situation of Argentina: energy institutions and policy, energy companies (oil, electricity, gas, coal), energy supplies (resources, power production, petroleum, natural gas), prices and tariffs, consumption, economical stakes and perspectives (investments, agreements, projects). Energy data for the 1971-1999 period are summarized in graphs and tables. (J.S.)

  17. Czech Republic [Country report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The safety indicators can provide valuable information concerning long-term safety of deep geological repository. Therefore, the research focused on safety indicators forms a part of the Czech deep disposal programme. It is supposed that around 3,720 t of spent nuclear fuel will be produced in the Czech Republic. The concept of deep disposal is based on granitic host rock using bentonites as buffer/backfill material. Brief geology of the Czech Republic is presented in the article. Three main sources were used for collection of reference data on concentration and fluxes of natural radionuclides - Geofond (hydrogeological objects), State Office for Nuclear Safety (potable water monitoring system - radionuclides) and Czech Hydrometeorological Institute (groundwater and surface water quality system). Large dataset was collected demonstrating existence of many rock bodies with radioactive element concentration above average values. This phenomenon also generally results in higher content of radionuclides in groundwater, radon in air and finally in radiation exposure of population (3.67 mSv/year). Extraordinary concentration of radioactivity is illustrated at the example of Joachimstahl radon spa waters (units of kBq/l). The most portion of data are available in a form of gross alpha and beta activities; data about individual radionuclides are much rare. Relevant data about past uranium production are specified. Finally, information about legislatively-determined limits of radionuclides in building materials and potable water are presented. (author)

  18. Analysis of interactions of logistics elements of K-1 tracked vehicles in the Republic of Korea Army by using simulation model

    OpenAIRE

    Park, Si-Won

    2007-01-01

    The K-1 Tracked Vehicle (K-1 TV) has been the main battle tank of the Republic of Korea Army (ROKA) for the last twenty years. Maintaining the highest level of combat readiness of the K-1 TV is one of the most critical missions for ROKA logisticians. This research focuses on the improvement of the depot level maintenance (DLM) since it has considerable influence over the combat readiness of the K-1 TV. A simulation model of the DLM process has been built. Four major logistics element...

  19. The text of the agreement of 22 July 1977 between Argentina and the Agency for the application of safeguards in connection with a contract concluded between the Comision Nacional de Energia Atomica (Argentina) and the Reactor Brennelement Union GmbH Hanau (Federal Republic of Germany) for co-operation in the field of fabrication of fuel elements for peaceful nuclear activities

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Agreement between the Republic of Argentina, the Federative Republic of Brazil, the Brazilian-Argentine Agency for Accounting and Control of Nuclear Materials and the International Atomic Energy Agency for the Application of Safeguards came into force on 4 March 1994. As a result of the coming into force of the aforesaid Agreement for Argentina, the application of safeguards under the Agreement of 22 July 1977 between Argentina and the IAEA for the application of safeguards in connection with a contract concluded between the Comision Nacional de Energia Atomica (Argentina) and the Reactor Brennelement Union GmbH Hanau (Federal Republic of Germany) for co-operation in the field of fabrication of fuel elements for peaceful nuclear activities has been suspended

  20. Nuclear power in Czech and Slovak Republics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The nuclear power in Czech and Slovak Republics has been described. Nuclear power plants contribute 28% to the whole energy production (12.1 TWh in Czech republic and 11.7 in Slovak Republic). The Czech and Slovak Republics' nuclear power generation programme assumes to build in these Republics further nuclear power stations with higher efficiency and better safety parameters. 12 figs, 5 tabs

  1. Characterizing and predicting species distributions across environments and scales: Argentine ant occurrences in the eye of the beholder

    Science.gov (United States)

    Menke, S.B.; Holway, D.A.; Fisher, R.N.; Jetz, W.

    2009-01-01

    Aim: Species distribution models (SDMs) or, more specifically, ecological niche models (ENMs) are a useful and rapidly proliferating tool in ecology and global change biology. ENMs attempt to capture associations between a species and its environment and are often used to draw biological inferences, to predict potential occurrences in unoccupied regions and to forecast future distributions under environmental change. The accuracy of ENMs, however, hinges critically on the quality of occurrence data. ENMs often use haphazardly collected data rather than data collected across the full spectrum of existing environmental conditions. Moreover, it remains unclear how processes affecting ENM predictions operate at different spatial scales. The scale (i.e. grain size) of analysis may be dictated more by the sampling regime than by biologically meaningful processes. The aim of our study is to jointly quantify how issues relating to region and scale affect ENM predictions using an economically important and ecologically damaging invasive species, the Argentine ant (Linepithema humile). Location: California, USA. Methods: We analysed the relationship between sampling sufficiency, regional differences in environmental parameter space and cell size of analysis and resampling environmental layers using two independently collected sets of presence/absence data. Differences in variable importance were determined using model averaging and logistic regression. Model accuracy was measured with area under the curve (AUC) and Cohen's kappa. Results: We first demonstrate that insufficient sampling of environmental parameter space can cause large errors in predicted distributions and biological interpretation. Models performed best when they were parametrized with data that sufficiently sampled environmental parameter space. Second, we show that altering the spatial grain of analysis changes the relative importance of different environmental variables. These changes apparently result

  2. Nestor Kirchner (2003-2007) : rupture ou continuite du peronisme ? Les mutations du populisme en Argentine

    OpenAIRE

    Doz, Emilie

    2015-01-01

    Ce texte est un extrait du quatrième chapitre de la thèse « Néstor Kirchner (2003-2007) : Rupture ou continuité du péronisme. Les mutations du populisme en Argentine ». Le 25 mai 2003, le peuple argentin assistait à l’investiture présidentielle du candidat du Frente Para la Victoria, Néstor Kirchner. Suite à la défection de Carlos Menem pendant l’entre-deux tours, il est élu avec 22% des suffrages. Malgré cette faible légitimité, il réussit à insuffler un changement certain dans la politique ...

  3. Network composition, collaborative ties, and upgrading in emerging-market firms: Lessons from the Argentine autoparts sector

    OpenAIRE

    Gerald A. McDermott; Rafael A Corredoira

    2010-01-01

    What types of relational and institutional mechanisms shape knowledge flows and the upgrading capabilities of emerging-market firms in the face of economic liberalization? We analyze the Argentine autoparts sector to distinguish the relative impact of different types of network relationships on a firm's process and product upgrading. A few social ties to international assemblers appear to be most beneficial for local suppliers, although they may be insufficient to compensate fully for the neg...

  4. Motives for inter-firm cooperation on R&D and innovation: empirical evidence from Argentine and Spain

    OpenAIRE

    Edwards-Schachter, Mónica; Anlló, Guillermo; Castro-Martínez, Elena; Sánchez-Barrioluengo, Mabel; Fernández de Lucio, Ignacio

    2012-01-01

    Motives and determinants supporting inter-firm technological cooperation have been extensively investigated in developed countries but scarcely addressed in developing countries. This paper addresses these issues, investigating empirically several factors influencing the likelihood to cooperate on R&D and innovation between Argentine and Spanish firms, their strategic motives and firms characteristics which influence cooperation. We draw upon data collected through a survey of 104 firms and c...

  5. Cell-mediated immunity and lymphocyte populations in experimental Argentine hemorrhagic fever (Junín Virus).

    OpenAIRE

    Carballal, G; Oubiña, J. R.; Rondinone, S N; Elsner, B; Frigerio, M J

    1981-01-01

    Guinea pigs infected with the XJ prototype strain of Junín virus reproduce the main features of Argentine hemorrhagic fever, showing hemorrhages, leukothrombocytopenia, and focal lymphoid tissue necrosis. Viral lymphotropism is shown by the presence of viral antigens, severe cytopathic effect, and high virus titers in lymphoid organs. A pronounced depression of humoral immune response to sheep erythrocytes as well as to the virus is described. This study was carried out to determine whether c...

  6. Slowdown of Circumpolar Deepwater flow during the Late Neogene: Evidence from a mudwave field at the Argentine continental slope

    OpenAIRE

    Gruetzner, Jens; Uenzelmann-Neben, Gabriele; Franke, Dieter; Arndt, Jan Erik

    2014-01-01

    Geochemical evidence from boreholes suggests enhanced transport of Northern Component Water (NCW) to southern latitudes from about 6 Ma onwards. However, information on how this change in transport influenced the intensity and position of current systems is sparse. Here we use seismic reflection profiles interpreted together with bathymetric data to investigate current derived deposits at the central Argentine Margin. Upslope migrating mudwaves overlying a late Miocene erosional unconformity ...

  7. Floral visitation by the Argentine ant reduces pollinator visitation and seed set in the coast barrel cactus, Ferocactus viridescens.

    Science.gov (United States)

    LeVan, Katherine E; Hung, Keng-Lou James; McCann, Kyle R; Ludka, John T; Holway, David A

    2014-01-01

    Mounting evidence indicates that trade-offs between plant defense and reproduction arise not only from resource allocation but also from interactions among mutualists. Indirect costs of plant defense by ants, for example, can outweigh benefits if ants deter pollinators. Plants can dissuade ants from occupying flowers, but such arrangements may break down when novel ant partners infiltrate mutualisms. Here, we examine how floral visitation by ants affects pollination services when the invasive Argentine ant (Linepithema humile) replaces a native ant species in a food-for-protection mutualism with the coast barrel cactus (Ferocactus viridescens), which, like certain other barrel cacti, produces extrafloral nectar. We compared the effects of floral visitation by the Argentine ant with those of the most prevalent native ant species (Crematogaster californica). Compared to C. californica, the Argentine ant was present in higher numbers in flowers. Cactus bees (Diadasia spp.), the key pollinators in this system, spent less time in flowers when cacti were occupied by the Argentine ant compared to when cacti were occupied by C. californica. Presumably as a consequence of decreased duration of floral visits by Diadasia, cacti occupied by L. humile set fewer seeds per fruit and produced fewer seeds overall compared to cacti occupied by C. californica. These data illustrate the importance of mutualist identity in cases where plants balance multiple mutualisms. Moreover, as habitats become increasingly infiltrated by introduced species, the loss of native mutualists and their replacement by non-native species may alter the shape of trade-offs between plant defense and reproduction. PMID:23892582

  8. Territorial plannnig in a river basin with high erosion level using multicriteria decision methods in cordoba province(argentine)

    OpenAIRE

    Grau Olive, Juan Bautista; Antón Corrales, José Manuel; Cisneros, J.M.; Andina de la Fuente, Diego; Tarquis Alfonso, Ana Maria; Prada, M.; A. Degioanni; Cantero, A.

    2010-01-01

    The erosion-sedimentation-flooding processes in large zones of Argentine are a critical problem that involve complex relationships with technological, economic, social and environmental cause-effect. The increasing of agricultural activities in new areas previously with forestry or pasture could produce irreversible environmental impacts. It is necessary to prepare a spatial plan taking into consideration, economic development, social cohesion, environmental quality and progressive desertific...

  9. Molina’s Touch and Dorda’s Music: The Schizophrenia of Gender in Post-dictatorial Argentine Fiction

    OpenAIRE

    Bhaumik, Munia

    2008-01-01

    This paper proposes to analyze the “woman question” in relation to tropes of schizophrenia in post-dictatorial queer Argentine fiction. Gilles Deleuze and Felix Guttari’s claim in Anti-Oedipus: Capitalism and Schizophrenia states: “schizoanalysis must devote itself with all its strength to the necessary destructions….. Destroying beliefs and representations, theatrical scenes. And when engaged in this task no activity will be too malevolent.” Similarly, Manuel Puig’s El Beso de la mujer ...

  10. Small Business Support in the Czech Republic

    OpenAIRE

    Karmašová, Alice

    2009-01-01

    The objective of the master´s thesis „Small business support in the Czech republic“ is to carry out analysis of current system of Small business based on a created scope of knowledge necessary for orientation in the respective topic, find deficiencies and suggest innovations. The first part is focused on history, on small and medium enterprise terms definition and the evolution of small business in the Czech Republic in the years 2000 - 2007. The second part is attended to analysis of particu...

  11. Books, Not Bombs: Teaching Peace since the Dawn of the Republic. Peace Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Howlett, Charles; Harris, Ian,

    2010-01-01

    "Books Not Bombs: Teaching Peace Since the Dawn of the Republic" is an important work relevant to peace scholars, practitioners, and students. This incisive book offers an exciting and comprehensive historical analysis of the origins and development of peace education from the creation of the New Republic at the end of the Eighteenth Century to…

  12. Influence of toxic bait type and starvation on worker and queen mortality in laboratory colonies of Argentine ant (Hymenoptera: Formicidae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mathieson, Melissa; Toft, Richard; Lester, Philip J

    2012-08-01

    The efficacy of toxic baits should be judged by their ability to kill entire ant colonies, including the colony queen or queens. We studied the efficacy of four toxic baits to the Argentine ant, Linepithema humile (Mayr) (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). These baits were Xstinguish that has the toxicant fipronil, Exterm-an-Ant that contains both boric acid and sodium borate, and Advion ant gel and Advion ant bait arena that both have indoxacarb. Experimental nests contained 300 workers and 10 queen ants that were starved for either 24 or 48 h before toxic bait exposure. The efficacy of the toxic baits was strongly influenced by starvation. In no treatment with 24-h starvation did we observe 100% worker death. After 24-h starvation three of the baits did not result in any queen deaths, with only Exterm-an-Ant producing an average of 25% mortality. In contrast, 100% queen and worker mortality was observed in colonies starved for 48 h and given Xstinguish or Exterm-an-Ant. The baits Advion ant gel and Advion ant bait arena were not effective against Argentine ants in these trials, resulting in bait uptake, control efficacy may be maximized by applying bait when ants are likely to be starved. Our results suggest queen mortality must be assessed in tests for toxic bait efficacy. Our data indicate that of these four baits, Xstinguish and Exterm-an-Ant are the best options for control of Argentine ants in New Zealand. PMID:22928290

  13. L’identité argentine ou la construction d’un mythe littéraire entre Europe et Amérique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lionel Souquet

    2002-06-01

    Full Text Available Cet article propose une approche de quelques archétypes qui, jusqu’en Europe, ont contribué à construire une image un peu théâtrale et parfois floue de l’Argentin. Une image littéraire avant tout, mais paradoxalement, souvent proche de la réalité socioculturelle car l’identité du romancier latino-américain est souvent liée à un profond engagement qui se traduit par la description et l’analyse – philosophique, politique, historique, sociologique… - du réel. C’est en étudiant le portrait que les intellectuels du XIXème siècle dressent du gaucho, personnage emblématiquement fort mais aussi victime de toutes les manipulations idéologiques, que l’on voit comment l’identité argentine a été forgée autour d’une dichotomie civilisation-barbarie dont le mythe semble encore vivant dans l’Argentine d’aujourd’hui. L’article aborde ensuite le thème de l’immigration, facteur essentiel de la mutation de cette société et de son entrée dans le XXème siècle. Le portrait de l’Argentin de classe moyenne (groupe social qui distingue particulièrement l’Argentine du reste de l’Amérique latine est ensuite dessiné plus en détail, mais à travers le miroir à la fois déformant et grossissant de l’écrivain Manuel Puig. Il est indéniable que l’imaginaire modèle la réalité. La littérature est certes un miroir déformant et contradictoire de la réalité mais elle appartient aussi à cette réalité.This paper focuses on some of the archetypes which have contributed to the construction of the rather theatrical and blurred picture of the Argentinian – including in Europe. Paradoxically enough, this literary image is not so far removed from the socio-cultural reality as the identity of the Latin-American novelist is often defined by his or her engagement with reality through (philosophical, political, historical and sociological description and analysis. A study of the portrayal by 19th

  14. Computer Crime and Czech Republic

    OpenAIRE

    Glykner, Martin

    2011-01-01

    This bachelor thesis deals with computer crime in Czech Republic considering the legal point of view. It makes the reader familiar with development of cyber crime in the world and especially in Czech Republic. It deeply describes czech legal framework of fighting computer crime and its international context. This description contains examples of particular crimes and articles of law that apply to them. The paper also describes institutions that are engaged in combating this crime. Afterwards ...

  15. Analysis of Life Insurance Premium in Regard to Net Income as an Influencing Factor– the Case of the Republic of Serbia

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    Olja Munitlak Ivanović

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available In current business conditions, insurance market in the Republic of Serbia notes positive but relatively slow growing trend. During the last few years, life insurance market in Serbia has an upward trend, however, it still significantly falls back in comparison to developed European countries. Insufficient development of life insurance sector is in direct relation to insufficient economic development, weak financial market, high unemployment rate and poor implementation of economic reforms. Additionally there is a problem due to the lack of both quality and quantity of education with insufficient basic knowledge of potentials that this type of insurance offers. The aim of this paper is to present the projection of life insurance premium on the basis of linear trend parameters and correlation degree between average net income and the amount of life insurance premium and to emphasize the necessity of intense development of life insurance market. Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE X-NONE

  16. Perpetuating Social Movements amid Declining Opportunity: The Survival Strategies of Two Argentine Piquetero Groups

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    Edward C. Epstein

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available This article examines the recent behaviour in Argentina of two national protest groups of socalled ‘piqueteros’ or picketers (impoverished unemployed individuals who used the blockage of strategic roads and bridges to force government concessions that emerged politically in the buildup to the crisis of 2001-2002. Using theoretical concepts developed by McAdam, Tarrow, and Tilly in understanding social movements, the author analyses what he calls the ‘survival strategy’ adopted by their leaders as the political opportunities that produced their initial growth gave way to a more hostile environment with the normalization of Argentine politics under the Kirchner administration. While the two piquetero groups studied differ considerably in terms of their politics and ideology, both ended up depending on the same traditional tactic of utilizing important government contacts to obtain the resources necessary for organizational maintenance, despite their nominal identity as radical protesters against the present political system.Resumen: Perpetuando movimientos sociales y oportunidades decrecientes: las estrategias de sobrevivencia de dos grupos de piqueteros argentinesEste artículo examina el comportamiento reciente de dos grupos nacionales de protesta argentinos llamados ‘piqueteros’ (desempleados empobrecidos que usaron el bloqueo de calles y puentes estratégicos para forzar concesiones gubernamentales que aparecieron durante la crisis de 2001- 2002. Utilizando conceptos teóricos creados por McAdam, Tarrow, y Tilly en su discusión sobre los movimientos sociales, el autor analiza lo que describe como ‘estrategias de sobrevivencia’ adoptadas por sus dirigentes cuando las oportunidades que ocasionaron su crecimiento inicial cedieron ante un ambiente más hostil en el contexto de la normalización de la política argentina durante la administración de Kirchner. Aunque los dos grupos piqueteros estudiados se diferencian mucho en t

  17. The analysis of the recent economic and social aspects important for the management of the radiation protection in the Czech Republic

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: The management system of the radiation protection in the Czech Republic is using already more that ten years as a one tool a monetary value of man Sv. The appropriate values are published in the Decree on radiation protection and they are distinguished for different types and levels of exposure. The derivation of these values has been done about 15 years ago based on studies performed at the 90's. Recently the State Office for Nuclear Safety initiated a new pilot study with the following scope: 1-) To analyze the current economic approaches and techniques used for the determination of the monetary statistical value of the human life under new economical, political and social conditions; 2-) To design the mathematical model for the determination of the lost production and to gain economic and demographic data necessary for the calculation; 3-) To organize a pilot survey of the public opinion in the Czech Republic with the accent on the detriment caused by ionizing radiation and on the willingness to pay for the averted risk or to accept the compensation of the elevated risk. The first evaluation of the results shows that a new evaluated values are not significantly different for the currently used values in the legislation. Although the approaches of the life value estimation are different the valuation is relatively consistent and the average value of the statistical life fall into the range between 300 - 350 thousands CZK (app.10-13 ths EUR) per one year of life. The study confirmed a fact that the optimization of the processes covering the threat of the human health and life is very complicated, complex and demanding a multidisciplinary approach. The study and research will continue in the future focusing to the particular aspects of the problem. The poster will describe in details the methods used and will present the results achieved. (author)

  18. Estudio histórico y bibliométrico de la revista argentina Diaeta Historical and bibliometric study of the argentine journal Diata

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V Aguirre

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Evaluar el desarrollo de la investigación y la publicación científica de los nutricionistas argentinos a través del análisis histórico y bibliométrico de la revista Diaeta. Método: Diseño descriptivo transversal. Todos los números de la revista Diaeta desde el comienzo de su edición en 1981 hasta fines de 2008 fueron incluidos. Se obtuvo una muestra de 63 ejemplares mediante muestreo estratificado por cada año. Resultados: Se observó un aumento en el porcentaje de Artículos Originales y el aumento en otras áreas temáticas diferentes de la tradicional de Dietoterapia. El promedio del número de autores por artículo científico, fue de tres por Artículo Original y dos autores por Trabajo de Actualización y/o Revisión. Las citas bibliográficas fueron en su mayoría en idioma inglés, en segundo término en español. Las profesiones de los autores más productivos, además de los Licenciados en Nutrición fueron; médicos, químicos, e ingenieros. Conclusiones: La revista DIAETA ha mostrado en pocos años un importante progreso acompañando el desarrollo de la investigación de los nutricionistas del país.Objective: To evaluate the development of research and scientific publications by Argentine nutritionists through the historical and bibliometric analysis of Diaeta journal. Methodology: Descriptive transversal design. All the issues of Diaeta journal, from the beginning of its edition in 1981 through late 2008, were included in this study. A sample of 63 units was obtained through a stratified sampling for each year. Results: An increase in the number of Original Articles and other thematic areas other than the traditional Diet Therapy was observed. The average number of authors per scientific article was three for Original Articles and two authors for Update and/or Review articles. The most frequent language for the bibliographical references was English, Spanish being in the second place. Professions of the most

  19. Czech Republic as an Important Producer of Poppy Seed

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. Smutka

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Poppy seed (Papaver somniferum l. is an important oilseed, whose cultivation has a long tradition in the Czech Republic. Poppy seed grown in the Czech Republic has good quality and, therefore, is preferred to poppy seeds in other parts of the world. The objective of this paper is to characterize the current position of the Czech poppy seed production and foreign trade in the world. Czech Republic is the main world producer of poppy seed and price maker of the European and world prices. With regards to trade, the Czech Republic is also the main producer and seller both in Europe and in the world. The poppy seed crop grown in the Czech Republic is mainly produced for exports, because the domestic consumption consists of only between four and five thousand tons. Major export markets of Czech poppy seed are European countries with a population of Slavic origin or those influenced by Slavic cuisine. Another important markets are overseas countries, that were settled by Slavic immigrants. The paper stresses out the position of the Czech Republic as a major player in the world market with poppy seed. The paper provides analysis of the market position of the Czech production and Czech foreign trade participation. Development of production and trade, as well as some other factors affecting the poppy seed economy, are analyzed such as prices, hectarage, yields, volume of production and volume of trade. This paper is part of a research project carried out by the authors within the grant no. 6046070906, funded by the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports of the Czech Republic.

  20. Market survey Czech Republic. Bio-energy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Basic characteristics of the market for bioenergy (biomass, biogas and biofuels) in the Czech Republic and consequences for business environment are summarized, based on a SWOT analysis. The Czech biomass market is still developing and is segmented and disintegrated to many regional or sector markets where also prices of biomass differ significantly and could be affected by dominant players. There were several attempts to establish a kind of biomass exchange, but were unsuccessful. The biomass trade is done usually on bilateral basis but without clear long-term agreements on contracts which would secure stable supply and prices

  1. Argentine ant (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) trail pheromone enhances consumption of liquid sucrose solution.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Greenberg, L; Klotz, J H

    2000-02-01

    We investigated whether the Argentine ant, Linepithema humile (Mayr), trail pheromone, Z9-16:Ald, could enhance recruitment to and consumption of liquid sucrose solutions. All tests were done as paired comparisons with a 10% sucrose solution as food. In the laboratory, mixing 20 microl of a 10-microg/ml solution of the pheromone with 50 microl of the 10% sucrose solution increased the number of ants feeding by >150%. In a field test, we combined the trail pheromone with a 10% sucrose solution in 50-ml vials. These vials were covered with a plastic membrane that has 1.5-mm-diameter holes punched uniformly across its surface. Ants could drink from the holes after the vials were inverted. For half of the vials, 1 microg of the pheromone was put onto the plastic membrane before the vials were filled with a 10% sucrose solution. The remaining vials had no pheromone on the plastic membrane. After 4 h we measured the consumption in each vial. Bait consumption with the pheromone was enhanced by 29%. In a 2nd series of tests, vials were left outside for 24 h. The consumption rate was 33% higher with the pheromone compared with the controls that didn't have pheromone. PMID:14658521

  2. Characterization of pectinase activity for enology from yeasts occurring in Argentine Bonarda grape

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Gabriela Merín

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Pectinolytic enzymes are greatly important in winemaking due to their ability to degrade pectic polymers from grape, contributing to enhance process efficiency and wine quality. This study aimed to analyze the occurrence of pectinolytic yeasts during spontaneous fermentation of Argentine Bonarda grape, to select yeasts that produce extracellular pectinases and to characterize their pectinolytic activity under wine-like conditions. Isolated yeasts were grouped using PCR-DGGE and identified by partial sequencing of 26S rRNA gene. Isolates comprised 7 genera, with Aureobasidium pullulans as the most predominant pectinolytic species, followed by Rhodotorula dairenensis and Cryptococcus saitoi. No pectinolytic activity was detected among ascomycetous yeasts isolated on grapes and during fermentation, suggesting a low occurrence of pectinolytic yeast species in wine fermentation ecosystem. This is the first study reporting R. dairenensis and Cr. saitoi species with pectinolytic activity. R. dairenensis GM-15 produced pectinases that proved to be highly active at grape pH, at 12 °C, and under ethanol and SO2 concentrations usually found in vinifications (pectinase activity around 1.1 U/mL. This strain also produced cellulase activity at 12 °C and pH 3.5, but did not produce β-glucosidase activity under these conditions. The strain showed encouraging enological properties for its potential use in low-temperature winemaking.

  3. Characterization of pectinase activity for enology from yeasts occurring in Argentine Bonarda grape.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Merín, María Gabriela; Martín, María Carolina; Rantsiou, Kalliopi; Cocolin, Luca; de Ambrosini, Vilma Inés Morata

    2015-01-01

    Pectinolytic enzymes are greatly important in winemaking due to their ability to degrade pectic polymers from grape, contributing to enhance process efficiency and wine quality. This study aimed to analyze the occurrence of pectinolytic yeasts during spontaneous fermentation of Argentine Bonarda grape, to select yeasts that produce extracellular pectinases and to characterize their pectinolytic activity under wine-like conditions. Isolated yeasts were grouped using PCR-DGGE and identified by partial sequencing of 26S rRNA gene. Isolates comprised 7 genera, with Aureobasidium pullulans as the most predominant pectinolytic species, followed by Rhodotorula dairenensis and Cryptococcus saitoi. No pectinolytic activity was detected among ascomycetous yeasts isolated on grapes and during fermentation, suggesting a low occurrence of pectinolytic yeast species in wine fermentation ecosystem. This is the first study reporting R. dairenensis and Cr. saitoi species with pectinolytic activity. R. dairenensis GM-15 produced pectinases that proved to be highly active at grape pH, at 12 °C, and under ethanol and SO2 concentrations usually found in vinifications (pectinase activity around 1.1 U/mL). This strain also produced cellulase activity at 12 °C and pH 3.5, but did not produce β-glucosidase activity under these conditions. The strain showed encouraging enological properties for its potential use in low-temperature winemaking. PMID:26413065

  4. The Argentine radioactive waste repository: Basic criteria, preliminary siting and design conceptual basis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The paper describes studies carried out for siting a repository for high level radioactive wastes originating in the nuclear programme of Argentina. A summary is given of the basic criteria governing the study, as well as a description of the activities involved in the selection of the site, its validation and the derivation of the design basis of the repository, together with conceptual definitions regarding its engineering. At the end of the 1970s the Argentine authorities decided to explore alternatives for disposing of the high level radioactive wastes that would eventually be generated by the country's nuclear programme. This programme involves nuclear power reactors that will generate a time integrated electric energy of about 100 GW·a by the end of the century. The programme also includes the reprocessing of the spent fuel. On the basis of the criteria adopted for the disposal of high level wastes, a site in stable, unfractured granite, near Gastre in the Province of Chubut, was selected for detailed studies out of about 200 potential sites. This site has been thoroughly investigated and its suitability will be validated. Work has also progressed on the design of the repository. (author)

  5. Reflections on the development of local suppliers for the Argentine nuclear industry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Argentina has given recently a new start to its nuclear power activities. Looking for background and experiences that can be useful under the new reality, the paper is a survey of the past development of local suppliers for the national nuclear industry. Based on the intention to answer the questions: Why so early it was decided to build a nuclear power plant? Why it was decided to buy it under a turnkey basis rather than developing an indigenous design? and what was the meaning of the 'opening of the technology package' at that time?, the paper describes the actions that led to the purchase of the Atucha I, Embalse and Atucha II nuclear power plants and how these decisions were implemented in order to maximize local participation and the technology transfer. It also analyzes the influence of the Argentine Nuclear Plan of the late seventies on the development of endogenous technology and describes the facts that helped to preserve until now the technological nuclear capabilities of the country in spite of the stopping of the Atucha II construction, and to create positive expectations regarding the revival of the local industry as a supplier of nuclear goods and services. (author)

  6. The projects for heavy water production of the Argentine National Atomic Energy Commission

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The bases and scope of the projects for heavy water production that are being currently developed by the Argentine National Atomic Energy Commission (CNEA) are described. As an introduction, the following points are presented: a) the fundamentals of heavy water utilization in a nuclear reactor, with a mention of its properties and uses, b) a review of the physicochemical bases of the principal methods for heavy water production: chemical exchange (monothermal and bithermal processes), distillation and electrolysis, with tables summarizing the fundamental characteristics of the first two ones, and an evaluation of the different production methods from the viewpoint of their application in an industrial scale; and c) a synthetic information, in the form of tables, about the world's heavy water production. The subject of heavy water production in Argentina is treated in the principal section, describing the scope, location, main characteristics and chemical processes corresponding to the projects being developed by CNEA, which currently are the installation of an Industrial Plant in Arroyito (Province of Neuquen), purchased on a turnkey basis and using the NH3/H2 isotopic exchange method; the installation of an Experimental Plant in Atucha (Province of Buenos Aires), for the development of the domestic technology of heavy-water production by the SH2/H2O isotopic exchange method, and the development of the engineering of an industrial plant (''Module 80''), based on the Experimental Plant's technology. (M.E.L.)

  7. Stability constants of some complexes of Argentine humic acids and micronutrients

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    One of the main aims in the study of the complexes of humic substances and plant mineral nutrients in the soil is to obtain thermodynamic data which, compared with known systems, can give the necessary information to calculate the element activity in solution. This information is essential for predicting the dynamics of such nutrients in the soil solution, since the latter is one of the main locations of fundamental reactions related to soil genesis and fertility. The distribution of radioactive 65Zn and non-radioactive Cu between a cation exchange resin and the humic systems was used to calculate the stability constants of these elements and the humic acids (HA) extracted from various Argentine soils. On the basis of these stability constants, the following conclusions were obtained: (1) Copper was more strongly complexed than zinc by the humic acid of a Solod soil. Copper had also almost the same value of the logarithm of the stability constant for several soils (8.1 to 9.1); (2) The value of the stability constant of the Zn-HA complex was higher for a Chestnut soil (Petrocalcic Paleustoll) than for the other soils studied; (3) Since HA is an important insoluble fraction in normal soil conditions, it is suggested that the mobility of Cu is low in the soil solution of these soils. Therefore, a Cu deficiency may be predicted or expected. (author)

  8. Urban Infestation Patterns of Argentine Ants, Linepithema humile, in Los Angeles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Smadar Gilboa

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Infestations of buildings by Argentine ants, Linepithema humile (Mayr, were monitored on the campus of the University of California, Los Angeles. Foraging ant activity peaked during the hotter months of the year. The mean monthly maximum temperature, but not rainfall, positively correlated with indoor infestation frequency. Neither garden size nor the predominant groundcover vegetation correlated with the number of foraging ants at baits within gardens. Although the number of foraging ants outside a building varied over 40-fold, ant density in gardens did not predict the likelihood of infestation within the building. Also, the type of vegetative groundcover employed did not predict infestation frequency. There was, however, a significant negative relationship between the size of the garden outside of a building and the number of infestations. Given the large foraging area of L. humile workers, buildings next to small gardens may be infested simply because they lie within the “normal” foraging area of a colony. The best predictor of which rooms were infested within buildings was the presence of a water source. Thus providing water for ant colonies outside and away from buildings may be one method of integrated pest management to reduce the proclivity of ants to infest structures.

  9. Argentine anchovy (Engraulis anchoita stock identification and incipient exploitation in southern Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Felipe M Carvalho

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available The Argentine anchovy (Engraulis anchoita is an essential species in the pelagic ecosystem of the southwest Atlantic Ocean, and a potentially important fishery resource. Exploitation has recently started in southern Brazil, so it requires a better understanding of their structure and population dynamics. This work aims to update the information on the population identification of E. anchoita. Parameters such as age and size composition, length-at-age data and other parameters using sagittae otoliths were used to compare anchovy of the continental shelf between 20° and 32°S. The results indicate the existence of different populations in the southeastern and southern regions of Brazil: the bonaerense stock in southern Brazil is shared with Argentina and Uruguay and exhibits migratory behavior, while in the southeast there is a population confined to this region and shows different population characteristics. This has implications for the management of this species and should be taken into account by the institutions responsible for the assessment and management of fisheries in Brazil.

  10. Argentine activities related to the development of low enriched fuel elements

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Within the framework of the RERTR Program and supported by the technical cooperation work agreed upon between the USA and Argentina in May 1979, the CNEA Nuclear Fuel Department - Low Enriched Fuel Elements Project (ECBE Project) has carried on its own program for developing fuels with low enrichment for research and test reactors. Up to the present, its main objective has been to replace the highly enriched fuel used in its only reactor (RA-3) for research, development and radioisotopes production. The basic stages of the Argentine Program are shown. The densities reached were within the range of 3.12 to 3.58 g/cm3 for U3O8-Al, 2.99 to 3.09 g/cm3 for UAl2-Al and 5.18 to 6.10 g/cm3 for U3Si-Al. If further miniplates can be irradiated, it is the purpose of the program to research uranium densities of 3.5 g/cm3 in UAl2-Al and 6.5 g/cm3 in U3Si-Al

  11. Guidelines to upgrade and convert the Argentine's research reactor RA6

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    It is been considered a proposal in order to define a project oriented to modify and to convert the Argentine's research reactor RA6 of 500 KW of thermal power. Its main guidelines are presented here. This reactor is in operation from 1982 in the Bariloche Atomic Center and was designed and constructed by CNEA and INVAP SE. Original core is composed by 25 old design RA3's fuel elements partially burned, that means containing high enriched uranium (HEU). The strategic objective of the project is to allow the use of this facility to produce radioisotopes as auxiliary alternative to the RA3. For these, it is proposed: - to adapt the facility in order to be able to increase the thermal power or neutron flux to adequate level enough to the mentioned use and regarding the compatibility with the general specifications and requiring a minimum of modifications; - to change the core, this implies: - to convert the reactor from HEU to LEU fuel opening the possibility to return spent fuel elements to USA through the RERTR previsions; to include new high density LEU fuels in developing in the country; - to complete the facilities to handle radioactive material in the RA6 building; No major problems are expected considering our long experience acquired with the RA3. Some preliminary studies are already under way. (author)

  12. F2-layer parameters long-term trends at the Argentine Islands and Port Stanley stations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. D. Danilov

    Full Text Available The ionospheric sounding data at two southern hemisphere stations, the Argentine Islands and Port Stanley, are analyzed using a method previously developed by the authors. Negative trends of the critical frequency foF2 are found for both stations. The magnitudes of the trends are close to those at the corresponding (close geomagnetic latitude stations of the northern hemisphere, as considered previously by the authors. The values of the F2 layer height hmF2 absolute trends ΔhmF2 are considered. The effect of ΔhmF2 dependence on hmF2 found by Jarvis et al. (1998 is reproduced. A concept is considered that long-term changes of the geomagnetic activity may be an important (if not the only cause of all the trends of foF2 and hmF2 derived by several groups of authors. The dependence of both parameters on the geomagnetic index Ap corresponds to a smooth scheme of the ionospheric storm physics and morphology; thus, a principal cause of the foF2 and hmF2 geomagnetic trends is most probably a trend found in several publications in the number and intensity of ionospheric storms.

    Key words. Ionosphere (ionosphere-atmosphere interaction; ionospheric disturbances

  13. Magnetic and Moessbauer Studies of Quaternary Argentine Loessic Soils and Paleosols

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper is a review of the current status about the remaining problems that are found in the investigation of the Quaternary Argentine soils and loessic sediments, and the way that Moessbauer studies can assist in solving them. There are two main types of investigations that make use of the magnetic response of the samples to correlate them with information gathered by other methods. On the one hand, there is the stratigraphic and chronological research, which is of importance from the geological and paleontological points of view. On the other hand, the paleoclimatic records, of significance toward a possible model of the past climate, are also studied because of their close relation to the sediments history. However, there is not yet a model that can tell the difference between the modifications due to the climatic conditions at the time when the soils were buried from processes that occurred after burial. Some examples are given that show that Moessbauer studies can be applied with a certain degree of success when cross-checked with magnetic measurements toward understanding the processes that occurred in alluvial B (paleosols) and C horizons (loess) from the eastern part of Buenos Aires Province. Although the application of Moessbauer studies to hydromorphic processes in soils is not straightforward, there are cases in which Moessbauer spectroscopy, if applied properly and correlated with other techniques, is able to characterize the type of iron oxides existing in the materials and thus assist theories about its origin and history.

  14. Considerations on forest ecosystems evolution in the Republic of Moldova

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Petru COCÎRȚĂ

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Certain statistical data on forest ecosystems evolution in Republic of Moldova’s territory in 200 years period are analyzed in the article.  The history of forest fund and ecosystems’ development on the territory between Prut andNistru Rivers and of data presentation methods during different periods of territories’social economical development is summarized. Forest ecosystems development issues instudy and specifically those of forests’ continuity and conservation are extremely important for Republic of Moldova, which is a country with high population density, oldtraditions in agricultural branch and with a major negative attitude towards biological diversity maintaining and forest ecosystems’ viable development. Goals and objectives of the present work are to analyze forest evolution and to identifyhigher priority issues in order to rectify the situation in forest sector in Republic of Moldova. Basic characteristics of forest ecosystems are presented and causes of differences in datainterpretation were described on the basis of statistical data study and analysis during different periods and from different sources, as well as maps dated 1910 and 2004. Certainbasic elements of ecological management in forestry that exist in Republic of Moldova in present are described, such as legal normative base, infrastructure and others. The final part of work contains conclusions and some suggestions on forest ecosystems’viable development in Republic of Moldova according to European and internationalrequirements.

  15. Ocenění podniku T-Mobile Czech Republic a.s.

    OpenAIRE

    Holmanová, Alena

    2008-01-01

    The diploma thesis aims to determinate the value of the company T-Mobile Czech Republic a.s., which provides mobile telecommunications services in the Czech Republic. The theoretical part describes the basic valuation terminology, provides an overview of a valuation procedure and introduces business valuation methods. The practical part contains the strategic analysis, the financial analysis, the analysis and the forecast of value drivers followed by the financial plan and the final valuation...

  16. Situation Reports--Afghanistan, Cyprus, Iran, Kenya, Lebanese Republic, Malagasy Republic, Malaysia (West), People's Democratic Republic of Yemen.

    Science.gov (United States)

    International Planned Parenthood Federation, London (England).

    Data relating to population and family planning in eight foreign countries are presented in these situation reports. Countries included are Afghanistan, Cyprus, Iran, Kenya, Lebanese Republic, Malagasy Republic (Madagascar), Malaysia (West), and People's Democratic Republic of Yemen. Information is provided under two topics, general background and…

  17. Analysis of 226Ra, 232Th 40К and 137Cs in samples of soil from some areas of Republic of Macedonia by using gamma spectrometry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Todorovik Aleksandra

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Taking into consideration the importance of the distribution and transfer of radio nuclides in soil, an attempt was made in this work to determine the concentration of 226Ra, 232Th 40К and 137Cs in the same. The concentrations of activity in the gamma-absorbed dose rates of the terrestrial naturally occurring radio nuclides, as follows, 226Ra, 232Th and 40K were determined in samples of soil collected from some parts of Republic of Macedonia, i.e. from three major cities in the Republic of Macedonia. The samples are taken by means of a special dosage dispenser which enables sampling of samples at a depth of 0-5 cm, 5-10cm and 10-15cm, thus disabling the sampling above these layers of soil. An identification of radio nuclides and assessment of their activity has been performed by applying gamma spectrometry. The time of counting for each sample was 65000 s. in order to obtain statistically small mistake. The spectrums were analyzed by a commercially available software GENIE-2000 received from Canberra, Austria. The activity of soil had wide range of values: 20.3 to 82.9 Bq kg-1for 226Ra, 16.1 to 82.5 Bq kg-1 for 232Th, 325 to 799.0 Bq kg-1for 40К and 9.1 to 24.3 Bq kg-1for 137Cs, respectively. The concentrations of these radio nuclides have been compared with the available data from the other countries. Natural environmental radioactivity and the associated external exposure due to gamma radiation depend primarily on the geological and geographical conditions. Namely, the specific levels of terrestrial environmental radiation are related to the type of rocks from which the soils originate. The obtained data indicate that the average value of activity of 232Th is about higher than the one of 226Ra The concentration of activity of 40К in the soil has greater value than 32Th and 226Ra in all soils. The causes for the existence of 137Cs in these soils are the nuclear explosions, waste radioactive materials and other incidents. It reaches the

  18. Comparison of bauxites from Jamaica, the Dominican Republic and Suriname

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Neutron activation analysis, energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence and natural radioactivity measurements were used to determine 32 elements in three NIST bauxite SRMs from Jamaica, the Dominican Republic and Suriname, and the data related to the concentrations in 25 Jamaican bauxite soil samples. The SRMs from Jamaica and the Dominican Republic fit the profile of typical bauxitic soils from Central Jamaica, and the observed similar high values of Cd suggest that these bauxites may have similar origins. Except for Al, the bauxite from Suriname exhibits a very different elemental profile. (author)

  19. Educational Expansion and Inequality in Taiwan and the Czech Republic

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Michael; Tsai, Shu-Ling; Mateju, Petr; Huang, Min-Hsiung

    2016-01-01

    This article presents a comparative analysis of educational inequality by family background and gender in Taiwan and the Czech Republic, which have both experienced substantial educational expansion in the last half-century under different educational systems. We highlight the specific institutional histories of both countries and examine the role…

  20. Quality manual. Nuclear Regulatory Authority of the Slovak Republic

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This quality manual of the Nuclear Regulatory Authority of the Slovak Republic (UJD) is presented. Basic characteristics of the UJD, Quality manual operative control, and Quality management system (QMS) are described. Management responsibility, Processes realization, Measurement, analysis (assessment) and improvement of the quality management system, Cancellation provision as well as abbreviations used in the Quality Manual are presented.

  1. Local Budget Transparency and Participation : Evidence from the Kyrgyz Republic

    OpenAIRE

    Esenaliev, Damir; Kisunko, Gregory

    2015-01-01

    The paper investigates determinants of civic participation in local budget processes in rural areas in the Kyrgyz Republic by using data from the Life in Kyrgyzstan survey, conducted in 2012. The analysis of the data suggests that although civic awareness and interest in local budget processes is relatively high, the participation rate in local budgeting processes is low. The paper also sh...

  2. How Far Can Citizens Influence the Decision-Making Process? Analysis of the Effectiveness of Referenda in the Czech Republic, Slovakia and Hungary in 1989–2015

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kużelewska Elżbieta

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available This article explores the political role of a referendum in Central European countries, in particular in Hungary, Slovakia, and the Czech Republic. In this article, political effectiveness is understood as a possibility to influence the decision-making process by citizens through a referendum. The transformation of political systems in Central European states from socialist/communist to democratic ones resulted in increasing interest in the notion of referendum, one of the common forms of direct democracy. However, most referenda have been abused for political purposes. The focus of this article is a referendum used at the national level. This study examines the use of a referendum in Central European states from 1989 to 2015. The database presents, country by country, the subject matter of voting, people’s participation and the results in order to show the citizens’ opportunity (or lack of it to express their opinions and to contribute to policy-making by circumventing the standard legislative process. The aim of this paper is to analyze referenda in the selected countries and to verify two hypotheses. Firstly, the weak use of a referendum and a small size of complementation of representative democracy. Secondly, the citizens’ belief in a referendum as an element of communication and consultation between authorities and society.

  3. Health and Social Needs in Three Migrant Worker Communities around La Romana, Dominican Republic, and the Role of Volunteers: A Thematic Analysis and Evaluation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Aaron S; Lin, Henry C; Kang, Chang-Berm; Loh, Lawrence C

    2016-01-01

    Objective. For decades, Haitian migrant workers living in bateyes around La Romana, Dominican Republic, have been the focus of short-term volunteer medical groups from North America. To assist these efforts, this study aimed to characterize various health and social needs that could be addressed by volunteer groups. Design. Needs were assessed using semistructured interviews of community and professional informants, using a questionnaire based on a social determinants of health framework, and responses were qualitatively analysed for common themes. Results. Key themes in community responses included significant access limitations to basic necessities and healthcare, including limited access to regular electricity and potable water, lack of health insurance, high out-of-pocket costs, and discrimination. Healthcare providers identified the expansion of a community health promoter program and mobile medical teams as potential solutions. English and French language training, health promotion, and medical skills development were identified as additional strategies by which teams could support community development. Conclusion. Visiting volunteer groups could work in partnership with community organizations to address these barriers by providing short-term access to services, while developing local capacity in education, healthcare, and health promotion in the long-term. Future work should also carefully evaluate the impacts and contributions of such volunteer efforts. PMID:27579046

  4. The Constitution of the Republic of Estonia

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Raamat sisaldab ka: The Constitution of the Republic of Estonia amendment act ; The Constitution of the Republic of Estonia implementation act ; Act to amend the Constitution of the Republic of Estonia for election of local government councils for term of four years

  5. The Constitution of the Republic of Estonia

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2009-01-01

    Sisaldab ka: The Constitution of the Republic of Estonia Amendment Act. The Constitution of the Republic of Estonia Implementation Act. Act to Amend the Constitution of the Republic of Estonia for Election of Local Government Councils for Term of Four Years

  6. Positioning značky World Class Czech Republic

    OpenAIRE

    Rakoušová, Sandra

    2010-01-01

    My diploma thesis called "Brand positioning World Class Czech Republic" is focused on the analysis of the position of the brand on the Prague market of fitness centers. As the result of this analysis, I conclude my work by the recommendations to improve marketing communication of World Class company. In the theoretical part, I defined the concept of marketing, I have summarized his history, describing the various elements of the marketing mix and SWOT analysis. The next chapter is devoted to ...

  7. Innovative potential in the regions of the Czech Republic, economic, societal and regional aspects

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Kunc, J.; Klapka, Pavel; Frantál, Bohumil

    Brno : Masarykova univerzita, 2008, s. 246-251 ISBN 978-80-210-4600-9 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z30860518 Keywords : innovative potential * correlation analysis * regions of the Czech Republic Subject RIV: AH - Economics

  8. 76 FR 17837 - Certain Frozen Fish Fillets From the Socialist Republic of Vietnam: Initiation of Antidumping...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-31

    ... Republic of Vietnam, 68 FR 47909 (August 12, 2003). On February 28, 2011, pursuant to section 751(a)(2)(B... produced and exported. To assist in its analysis of the bona fides of Tafishco's sales, upon initiation...

  9. 15 June 2009 - President of the Argentine Nation C. Fernández visiting ATLAS experimental area.

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2009-01-01

    Tirage 1:President of the Argentine Nation, C. Fernández and Minister of Science, Technology and Innovative Production,L. Barañao Tirage 2-8:Arrival greetings Tirage 9-12:Introduction to CERN's activities by Director-General, R. Heuer Tirage 13-15:Signature of the guest book Tirage 16-25:M. Benedetti,R. Heuer and L.Barañao sit for the signature of the Agreement Tirage 26-33: Meeting with Argentinian scientists at CERN

  10. La construction territoriale de têtes de ponts antarctiques rivales : Ushuaia (Argentine) et Punta Arenas (Chili)

    OpenAIRE

    Guyot, Sylvain

    2012-01-01

    Ushuaia et Punta Arenas sont les villes les plus australes de leurs pays d’appartenance,  l’Argentine et le Chili. Elles ont joué le rôle de ville frontière au service de la consolidation et la légitimation de ces territoires nationaux austraux localisés en position de bout du monde. Depuis cinquante ans, ces deux villes portuaires s’affirment comme les deux portes d’entrée internationales principales des relations avec le continent Antarctique, et en particulier avec la Péninsule Antarctique...

  11. Ce qu'on en dit après - le Currency Board argentin et sa fin tragique

    OpenAIRE

    Sgard, Jérôme

    2004-01-01

    L'Argentine a mené entre 1991 et 2001 une des expériences de currency board les plus remarquables de la période moderne. Comment rendre compte de cette expérience, prise dans son ensemble ? Qu'apprend-elle sur les avantages et les inconvénients des currency board ? Comment expliquer son échec final et quelles conclusions plus générales en tirer ? Telles sont les questions auxquelles cet article souhaite apporter des éléments de réponse. Pour cela, l'auteur commence par rappeler les principaux...

  12. Variations in sediment transport at the central Argentine continental margin during the Cenozoic

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gruetzner, Jens; Uenzelmann-Neben, Gabriele; Franke, Dieter

    2012-10-01

    The construction of the sedimentary cover at most passive continental margins includes gravitational downslope transport and along-slope contourite deposition, which are controlled by tectonics, climate and oceanography. At the eastern continental margin of Argentina the history of deposition and erosion is intimately linked to the evolution of the South Atlantic and its water masses. Here we present a detailed seismic investigation of the mixed depositional system located between 41°S and 45°S. The study provides a northward complement to prior investigations from the southern Argentine margin and together with these may be used as background information for future ocean drilling in the region. Prominent features in our seismic cross sections are submarine canyons, mass wasting deposits, contourite channels, and sediment drifts. Four major seismic units above regional reflector PLe (˜65 Ma) are separated by distinct unconformities of regional extent. Using a dense grid of reflection seismic profiles, we mapped the depocenter geometries of the seismic units and derived a chronology of the depositional processes during the Cenozoic. While the Paleocene/Eocene (˜65-34 Ma) is characterized by hemipelagic sedimentation under relatively sluggish bottom water conditions, strong Antarctic bottom water (AABW) circulation led to widespread erosion on the slope and growth of a detached sediment drift during the Oligocene and early Miocene (˜34-17 Ma). After deposition of an aggradational seismic unit interpreted to represent the Mid-Miocene climatic optimum (˜17-14 Ma), gravitational downslope sediment transport increased during the middle to late Miocene (˜14-6 Ma) possibly related to tectonic uplift in South America. The Pliocene to Holocene unit (<˜6 Ma) is very heterogeneous and formed by interactions of downslope and along-slope sediment transport processes as indicated by the evolution of canyons, slope plastered drifts and channels.

  13. Suspending the next turn as a form of repair initiation: evidence from Argentine Sign Language

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elizabeth eManrique

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Practices of other-initiated repair deal with problems of hearing or understanding what another person has said in the fast-moving turn-by-turn flow of conversation. As such, other-initiated repair plays a fundamental role in the maintenance of intersubjectivity in social interaction. This study finds and analyses a special type of other-initiated repair that is used in turn-by-turn conversation in a sign language: Argentine Sign Language (Lengua de Señas Argentina or LSA. We describe a type of response termed a ‘freeze-look’, which occurs when a person has just been asked a direct question: instead of answering the question in the next turn position, the person holds still while looking directly at the questioner. In these cases it is clear that the person is aware of having just been addressed and is not otherwise accounting for their delay in responding (e.g., by displaying a ‘thinking’ face or hesitation, etc.. We find that this behavior functions as a way for an addressee to initiate repair by the person who asked the question. The ‘freeze-look’ results in the questioner ‘re-doing’ their action of asking a question, for example by repeating or rephrasing it. Thus we argue that the ‘freeze-look’ is a practice for other-initiation of repair. In addition, we argue that it is an ‘off-record’ practice, thus contrasting with known on-record practices such as saying ‘Huh?’ or equivalents. The findings aim to contribute to research on human understanding in everyday turn-by-turn conversation by looking at an understudied sign language, with possible implications for our understanding of visual bodily communication in spoken languages as well.

  14. Dynamic infrared imaging for cancer: research and development in the Argentine Boron neutron capture therapy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the framework of the Argentine Boron Neutron Capture Therapy (BNCT) project for treating metastatic cutaneous melanoma, we have initiated a research and development program aimed at obtaining a noninvasive methodology for following-up the treated patients. The technique is called Dynamic Infrared Imaging (DIRI) and comprises the acquisition of infrared images as a function of time of the anatomical part under study, when the region is subjected to a mild cold stress. Vascular, metabolic and regulating differences between normal and tumor tissues appear as differences in the pattern of temperature evolution, which can be correlated with the anatomical and functional aspects of both. Two patients enrolled in the BNCT protocol were studied with DIRI. A good spatial correlation between dose, temperature recovery velocity and skin reaction distributions was observed at the time of maximum expression of the erythematous reaction. Melanoma nodules appear as highly localized hyperthermic regions, surrounded and interconnected by elevated temperature areas. Their temperature recovery velocity after the thermal cold stress was substantially faster than that of normal skin with an appreciably large temperature difference (6 degreesC to 10 degreesC). These tissue differences can be related with the thermal conductivity and metabolic rate as explained by a simple one-directional heat transport model. Compared with other imaging modalities (CT and Doppler ultrasound) DIRI has had a similar ability for confirming the already diagnosed nodules. Together with the clinical observation, DIRI provides a potentially useful amount of information, at a competitive cost-benefit relationship suitable for performing a non-invasive functional assessment of this kind of cutaneous lesions and the evaluation of the acute skin reaction following irradiation. (author)

  15. Suspending the next turn as a form of repair initiation: evidence from Argentine Sign Language.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manrique, Elizabeth; Enfield, N J

    2015-01-01

    Practices of other-initiated repair deal with problems of hearing or understanding what another person has said in the fast-moving turn-by-turn flow of conversation. As such, other-initiated repair plays a fundamental role in the maintenance of intersubjectivity in social interaction. This study finds and analyses a special type of other-initiated repair that is used in turn-by-turn conversation in a sign language: Argentine Sign Language (Lengua de Señas Argentina or LSA). We describe a type of response termed a "freeze-look," which occurs when a person has just been asked a direct question: instead of answering the question in the next turn position, the person holds still while looking directly at the questioner. In these cases it is clear that the person is aware of having just been addressed and is not otherwise accounting for their delay in responding (e.g., by displaying a "thinking" face or hesitation, etc.). We find that this behavior functions as a way for an addressee to initiate repair by the person who asked the question. The "freeze-look" results in the questioner "re-doing" their action of asking a question, for example by repeating or rephrasing it. Thus, we argue that the "freeze-look" is a practice for other-initiation of repair. In addition, we argue that it is an "off-record" practice, thus contrasting with known on-record practices such as saying "Huh?" or equivalents. The findings aim to contribute to research on human understanding in everyday turn-by-turn conversation by looking at an understudied sign language, with possible implications for our understanding of visual bodily communication in spoken languages as well. PMID:26441710

  16. [Suitability of wild underexploited vegetables from the Argentine Chaco as a food resource].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Freyre, M R; Baigorria, C M; Rozycki, V R; Bernardi, C M; Charpentier, M

    2000-12-01

    The nutritional value of wild underexploited vegetable samples collected in the Argentine Chaco was investigated. Leaves from Hipochaeris sp.-, Coronopus didimus and Portulaca olearacea; fruits from Zyziphus sativa, Brumelia obtusifolia and Eugenia uniflora; and roots of Canna coccinea were included in this work; several separate samples being taken at least during two consecutive harvesting seasons. Values for moisture, protein, total lipids, crude fiber, ash, reducing and total sugars, starch, total pectins and energy are given. Mineral micronutrient contents are reported for calcium, potassium, magnesium, iron and phosphorus, as well as vitamin values (ascorbic acid and beta-carotene). Higher concentrations of macronutrients were found in the leafy vegetables (32-50 Kcal/100 g) than in commercially exploited cultivars (14-30 Kcal/100 g), as shown by an increased energy value, the protein content of Portulaca olearacea (3.74 g/100 g) being highly remarkable. Unusually high micronutrient figures were also determined in Coronopus didimus, with 172.3; 3.98, and 46.7 mg/100 g, for calcium, iron and magnesium, respectively. In general, fruits also showed higher macronutrient contents, with the exception of proteins, with less but constant values (1.58 to 1.74 g/100 g), although contributing more energy than commercial cultivars (70 to 147 Kcal/100 g). Equally important proved to be the provitamin A content in Eugenia uniflora (11.98 mg/100 g). Roots of Canna coccinea revealed the lowest energy value (34 Kcal/100 g) but surprisingly, the highest content of phosphorus of all the species under study. PMID:11464672

  17. Ordovician K-bentonites in the Argentine Precordillera: relations to Gondwana margin evolution

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huff, W.D.; Bergstrom, Stig M.; Kolata, Dennis R.; Cingolani, C.A.; Astini, R.A.

    1998-01-01

    This paper is included in the Special Publication entitled 'The proto- Andean margin of Gondwana', edited by R.J. Pankhurst and C.W. Rapela. Ordovician K-bentonites have now been recorded from >20 localities in the vicinity of the Argentine Precordillera. Most occur in the eastern thrust belts, in the San Juan Limestone and the overlying the Gualcamayo Formation, but a few ash beds are known also from the central thrust belts. The oldest occur in the middle Arenig I, victoriae lunatus graptolite (Oe. evae conodont) Zone, and the youngest in the middle Llanvirn P. elegans (P. suecicus) Zone. Mineralogical characteristics, typical of other Ordovician K-bentonites, include a matrix of illite/smectite mixed-layer clay and a typical felsic volcanic phenocryst assemblage: biotite, beta-form quartz, alkali and plagioclase feldspar, apatite, and zircon, with lesser amounts of hornblende, clinopyroxene, titanite and Fe-Ti oxides. The proportions of the mineral phases and variations in their crystal chemistry are commonly unique to individual (or small groups of) K-bentonite beds. Glass melt inclusions preserved in quartz are rhyolitic in composition. The sequence is unique in its abundance of K-bentonite beds, but a close association between the Precordillera and other Ordovician sedimentary basins cannot be established. The ash distribution is most consistent with palaeogeographical reconstructions in which early Ordovician drifting of the Precordillera occurred in proximity to one or more volcanic arcs, and with eventual collision along the Andean margin of Gondwana during the mid-Ordovician Ocloyic event of the Famatinian orogeny. The Puna-Famatina terrane northeast of the Precordillera might have served as the source of the K-bentonite ashes, possibly in concert with active arc magmatism on the Gondwana plate itself.

  18. Scheme of 3 interfaces with local isostatic compensation on the Argentine continental margin

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pedraza De Marchi, A. C.; Ghidella, M. E.; Tocho, C.

    2013-05-01

    The segment of Argentine continental margin located between 39°S and the Malvinas platform (~49°S) is of passive type and volcanic characteristics revealed by seaward-dipping seismic reflectors sequences (SDRs). The free air gravity edge-effect associated with passive continental margins is one of the most distinctive characteristics of gravity in marine regions. This effect is in large part due to the transition between continental and oceanic crusts, because of their different thicknesses. In this presentation we investigate the Airy type isostatic compensation scheme by using three interfaces in a forward calculation with different approximations of Parker's expression to obtain the isostatic anomaly. After that we perform the inversion of the anomaly thus obtained in order to find the Moho's deflection necessary to compensate it (or minimize it) by using the same scheme of interfaces and the iterative Parker-Oldenburg method (Oldenburg, D., 1974) with more terms in the inversion. The crust-mantle interface (Moho) thus calculated represents a more realistic surface than the one calculated using one term in the inversion and the surface estimated with topographic data and sediment thickness. Even considering that the experiment constitutes a schematic assumption just to test the numerical methods involved, we find that in the comparison with the only available digitized refraction profile, the inverted Moho interface reproduces fairly well the Moho that the seismic profile yields, for the case of the iterative method. This suggests that the inverse calculation with the iterative method is sensible to the presence of the SDRS, at least for this sole profile. Keywords: isostatic anomaly, Moho, passive continental margins Oldenburg, D., 1974. The inversion and interpretation of gravity anomalíes, Geophysics, vol. 39, no. 4, p. 526-536.

  19. Older people--recipients but also providers of informal care: an analysis among community samples in the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    McGee, Hannah M

    2008-09-01

    Data on both the provision and receipt of informal care among populations of older adults are limited. Patterns of both informal care provided and received by older adults in the Republic of Ireland (RoI) and Northern Ireland (NI) were evaluated. A cross-sectional community-based population survey was conducted. Randomly selected older people (aged 65+, n = 2033, mean age (standard deviation): 74.1 years (6.8), 43% men, 68% response rate) provided information on the provision and receipt of care, its location, and the person(s) who provided the care. Twelve per cent of the sample (251\\/2033) identified themselves as informal caregivers (8% RoI and 17% NI). Caregivers were more likely to be women, married, have less education and have less functional impairment. Forty-nine per cent (1033\\/2033, 49% RoI and 48% NI) reported receiving some form of care in the past year. Care recipients were more likely to be older, married, have more functional impairment, and poorer self-rated health. Receiving regular informal care (help at least once a week) from a non-resident relative was the most common form of help received [28% overall (578\\/2033); 27% RoI and 30% NI]. Five per cent (n = 102\\/2033) of the sample reported both providing and receiving informal care. Levels of informal care provided by community-dwelling older adults were notably higher than reported in single-item national census questions. The balance of formal and informal health and social care will become increasingly important as populations age. It is essential, therefore, to evaluate factors facilitating or impeding informal care delivery.

  20. Analysis of genetic mutations associated with anti-malarial drug resistance in Plasmodium falciparum from the Democratic Republic of East Timor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cravo Pedro VL

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background In response to chloroquine (CQ resistance, the policy for the first-line treatment of uncomplicated malaria in the Democratic Republic of East Timor (DRET was changed in early 2000. The combination of sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine (SP was then introduced for the treatment of uncomplicated falciparum malaria. Methods Blood samples were collected in two different periods (2003–2004 and 2004–2005 from individuals attending hospitals or clinics in six districts of the DRET and checked for Plasmodium falciparum infection. 112 PCR-positive samples were inspected for genetic polymorphisms in the pfcrt, pfmdr1, pfdhfr and pfdhps genes. Different alleles were interrogated for potential associations that could be indicative of non-random linkage. Results Overall prevalence of mutations associated with resistance to CQ and SP was extremely high. The mutant form of Pfcrt (76T was found to be fixed even after five years of alleged CQ removal. There was a significant increase in the prevalence of the pfdhps 437G mutation (X2 = 31.1; p = 0.001 from the first to second survey periods. A non-random association was observed between pfdhfr51/pfdhps437 (p = 0.001 and pfdhfr 59/pfdhps 437 (p = 0.013 alleles. Conclusion Persistence of CQ-resistant mutants even after supposed drug withdrawal suggests one or all of the following: local P. falciparum may still be inadvertently exposed to the drug, that mutant parasites are being "imported" into the country, and/or reduced genetic diversity and low parasite transmission help maintain mutant haplotypes. The association between pfdhfr51/pfdhps437 and pfdhfr 59/pfdhps 437 alleles indicates that these are undergoing concomitant positive selection in the DRET.

  1. Elimination of malaria due to Plasmodium vivax in central part of the People’s Republic of China: analysis and prediction based on modelling

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhao Chen

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Five provinces in central People’s Republic of China (P.R. China have successfully reduced the burden of malaria due to Plasmodium vivax in the last 7 years. The results of the Action Plan of China Malaria Elimination (APCME that com- menced in 2010 are analysed against the background of the progress reached by the national malaria control programme (NMEP that was launched in 2006. We examined the epidemiological changes in the number of autochthonous cases over time and discuss the feasibility of achieving the goal of malaria elimination by 2020. There was a total decline of 34,320 malaria cases between 2006 and 2012 arriving at an average annual incidence of 0.04 per 10,000 people by 2012. At the same time, the number of counties reporting autochthonous cases declined from 290 to 19. Spatial autocorrelation and Bayesian modelling were used to evaluate the datasets and predict the spatio-temporal pattern in the near future. The former approach showed that spatial clusters of P. vivax malaria existed in the study region during the study period, while the risk prediction map generated by the Bayesian model indicates that only sporadic malaria cases will appear during in the future. The results suggest that the initial NMEP approach and the follow-up APCME strategy have played a key role in reducing the threat of malaria in central P.R. China. However, to achieve the goal of malaria elimination by the end of the current decade, interven- tion plans must be adjusted with attention paid to those endemic counties still at risk according to the prediction map.

  2. THE ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL AND NON-FINANCIAL SUPPORT TO THE SECTOR OF SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISES IN THE REPUBLIC OF SRPSKA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Boban Sašić

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to analize the role and importance of financial and non-financial instruments of supporting the sector of small and medium enterprises (SMEs in the Republic of Srpska (RS. For that purpose, in late 2013 and early 2014, there was conducted a quantitative research on a sample of 110 respondents on the whole territory of RS, with the aim of finding the answers to the following question: What is the reason that a large number of SMEs in RS fail to provide adequate financial and non-financial support to their business activity and what measures should be taken in order to improve the current situation? In order to specify the research problem, we ask ourselves if the existing instruments of financial and non-financial support to the sector of SMEs in the RS are sufficiently developed and accessible, as to contribute to the successful growth and development of the said enterprises? We found that the above mentioned instruments of support to the SME sector in RS are not sufficiently developed. Respondents were acquainted with the sole instruments and models of financial and non-financial support that exist in RS. According to the results of the empirical research, we conclude that creating and mastering the models and instruments of financial and non-financial support to SME sector in the RS and providing the adequate business climate for their successful functioning, will increase the availability of favourable financial means for SMEs, as well as the possibility of using the positive aspects of clusters, guarantee funds, factorings and other forms of entrepreneurship infrastructure.

  3. An Analysis on Mining Investment Environments of the Republic of Kazakhstan%哈萨克斯坦共和国矿业投资环境分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈良玺; 陈超

    2013-01-01

    本文主要介绍了哈萨克斯坦共和国的优势矿产资源情况、矿业管理部门及法规、投资政策等,分析了投资哈萨克斯坦共和国矿业的有利及不利因素,建议在政府合作框架下利用上合组织合作机制和优惠贷款在哈萨克斯坦矿业市场进行融资开发,深入哈外资企业中进行考察,确保项目手续齐全、依法经营,妥善解决环境污染问题,理性投资,为我国企业“走出去”提供支持.%This paper introduces the advantageous ore resources of the Republic of Kazakhstan,mining administration and laws,and investment and mining policies in this country.It also analyzes its pros and cons in the mining sector,and recommends to using the cooperation mechanisms and concessional loans under the framework of the SCO to finance and develop the Kazakh mining market.Investigations to foreign-investment enterprises in Kazakhstan are also required.So that a series of problems can be solved,such as the complete procedures of projects,being in compliance with business laws,properly dealing with environmental pollution problems,and rational investments,to provide support for Chinese mining investors going abroad.

  4. Nuclear legislation in Czech Republic

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The paper presents the status of nuclear legislation in the Czech Republic, specifying the fields of nuclear activities covered, partially covered and uncovered by the present legislation. The licensing process and the competence and powers of the State Office for Nuclear Safety are also briefly described

  5. Dominican Republic : Accounting and Auditing

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank

    2004-01-01

    This report provides an assessment of accounting, financial reporting and auditing practices within the corporate sector in the Dominican Republic (DR), using International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) and International Standards on Auditing (ISA) as benchmarks, and drawing on international experience and good practices in those fields. The principal objective of this ROSC assessm...

  6. The Development of Low-Level Measurement Capabilities for Total and Isotopic Uranium in Environmental Samples at Brazilian and Argentine Laboratories by ABACC

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In June 1998, the Brazilian-Argentine Agency for Accounting and Control of Nuclear Materials (ABACC), with assistance from the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), began a program to assess environmental sampling and analysis capabilities at laboratories in Argentina and Brazil. The program began with staff training conducted in South America and the United States by Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) and Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL). Both laboratories are participating members of DOE's Network of Analytical Laboratories (NWAL) that support IAEA's environmental sampling program. During the initial planning meeting, representatives from ABACC and all the participating analytical laboratories supporting ABACC were briefed on how the first exercise would be managed and on key aspects necessary to analyze low-level environmental samples for uranium. Subsequent to this training, a laboratory evaluation exercise (Exercise 1) was conducted using standard swipe samples prepared for this exercise by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). The results of Exercise 1 determined that sample contamination was a major factor in the analysis, and a thorough review of laboratory procedures was required to reduce the level of contamination to acceptable levels. Following modification of sample preparation procedures, the laboratories performed Exercise 2, an analysis of a National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Standard Reference Material (SRM) 1547, Peach Leaves. The results of Exercise 2 demonstrated that several laboratories were capable of accurately determining the total uranium and uranium isotopic distribution in the peach leaves. To build on these successes, Exercise 3 was performed using a series of standard swipe samples prepared by the IAEA and distributed to laboratories supporting ABACC and to PNNL and ORNL. The results of Exercise 3 demonstrate that ABACC now has support laboratories in both Argentina and Brazil, which are capable of

  7. Detección de Neospora caninum en fetos bovinos abortados espontáneamente en el nordeste argentino Neospora caninum detection in spontaneously aborted bovine fetuses from Argentine northeast

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    W.J. Lertora

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo del presente trabajo fue detectar Neospora caninum en neonatos y fetos bovinos de abortos espontáneos del nordeste argentino. Sobre un total de 26 fetos bovinos abortados espontáneamente (23 de cría y 3 de tambo se detectaron lesiones histopatológicas compatibles con neosporosis en 4 de ellos. La presencia de Neospora caninum fue confirmada mediante inmunohistoquímica en el encéfalo de 3/4 fetos (2 de cría y 1 de tambo con lesiones microscópicas compatibles con neosporosis. Las lesiones histopatológicas más relevantes fueron la asociación de encefalitis, miocarditis y hepatitis no purulenta multifocales. De 10 neonatos bovinos procesados (8 de cría y 2 de tambo, no se detectaron animales con lesiones compatibles con neosporosis. Este trabajo confirma la presencia de Neospora caninum en fetos abortados espontáneamente en bovinos de rodeos de cría y de tambo del nordeste argentino.The aim of this work was to detect the presence of Neospora caninum in bovine neonates and bovine spontaneous abortions from Argentine northeast. Histopathological lesions compatible with neosporosis were found in 4 of 26 bovine spontaneous abortions (23 beef herds and 3 dairy herds. The Neospora caninum presence was confirmed with immunohistochemical analysis in encephalic tissue in 3 of 4 fetuses (2 beef herds and 1 dairy herd that displayed microscopical lesions of neosporosis. Multifocal non-purulent encephalitis, myocarditis and hepatitis were the most relevant lesions. There were no lesions of neosporosis in 10 bovine neonates (8 beef herds and 2 dairy herds. This work confirms the presence of Neospora caninum in spontaneous bovine abortions of beef herds and dairy herds of the Argentine northeast.

  8. Regional Innovation Strategies in the Czech Republic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hájek Oldřich

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Lately, the concept of innovation has become a development mantra in the fierce global competition. Competition is not limited to firms; it is also relevant for territories. An observed trend which is not surprising is the number of support tools that have been developed to reinforce the position of territories and their actors in the innovation processes. Clusters and regional innovation systems are the most important of them. However, both are rather underdeveloped in the CEE countries, including the Czech Republic. Faced with this situation, a number of Czech regional authorities (Regions took measures to stimulate the process of creating cluster and regional innovation system (RISs. Hence, strategic planning in the form of regional innovation strategies has become an overarching concept. So far, eleven Czech Regions have elaborated on RISs and analysis of these documents was the main focus of this article. The main finding of this paper is that, there is an increasing quality of RISs in the Czech Republic. Moreover, some common and some differentiated features of RISs were also identified. Consequently, the paper emphasizes numerous problems of RISs that is perceived as a key barrier towards real regional innovation system.

  9. Radon gas measurements inside houses of the Argentine Republic; Mediciones de gas radon en el interior de viviendas de la Republica Argentina

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Canoba, Analia C.; Arnaud, Marta I.; Lopez, Fabio O.; Oliveira, Antonio [Autoridad Regulatoria Nuclear Argentina, Buenos Aires (Argentina)

    2001-07-01

    Indoor radon gas concentrations were measured in dwellings in various cities of Argentina. Solid-state nuclear track, electrets and activated charcoal detectors were the methods used for monitoring the radon concentration.A total of 2034 homes were monitored since the beginning of this project in 1983. The monitored homes are constructed of a variety of building materials but most of them are built predominantly of bricks and concrete. The mean values calculated for the different cities are below 50 Bq m{sup -3}. Very few values above 200 Bq m{sup -3} were found and none exceeded 300 Bq m{sup -3}. The mean value for the whole country is 34.6 Bq m{sup -3} with a geometric mean of 25.0 Bq m{sup -3} and the corresponding annual effective dose is 0.86 mSv. (author)

  10. Determining the foraging range and origin of resurgence after treatment of Argentine ant (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in urban areas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vega, S Y; Rust, M K

    2003-06-01

    The foraging range and distribution of Argentine ant, Linepithema humile (Mayr), colonies in urban areas of southern California extended at least 61 m (200 feet) from feeding stations and structures. Ants were fed at 25% sucrose feeding stations containing 0.01% fluorescent brighter (FB28). Within 14 d, from 77-90% of the ants sampled next to the feeding stations were positive for FB28. The percentage of ants with FB28 declined gradually to approximately 55% 61 m away from the feeding station. The percentage of marked ants in the controls didn't change over the 4-wk-test period. There were approximately 290,000 ants visiting the monitored stations each night before treatments. The 0.0001% fipronil baits and 0.06% fipronil SC sprays provided significant reductions in at least 4 wk. The percentage of ants marked with FB28 decreased significantly in both bait and spray treatments over 4 wk suggesting that the resurgence of ants in treated areas were because of immigration from untreated areas. It is likely that much larger areas will need to be treated to control Argentine ants in urban settings, especially if baits are being used. PMID:12852625

  11. Personality correlates of music preferences in the Czech Republic

    OpenAIRE

    Franek, Marek

    2009-01-01

    This study examines the structure of music preferences in the sample of participants from the Czech Republic (n=521), differences in structure of music preferences among various age groups and the associations between these preferences and certain personality characteristics. The exploratory factor analysis revealed five music preference dimensions. Further analysis addressed the question how music preferences are related to personality characteristics. Preferences for these music dimensions ...

  12. External environment of tertiary education in the Czech Republic

    OpenAIRE

    Švrček, Roman

    2014-01-01

    This bachelor's thesis deals with analysis of external environment of tertiary education institutions in the Czech Republic. In the thesis the analysis of the environment is done according to Porter's model of five forces -- given model is also critically looked upon to verify it's suitability to task at hand. Main goal of the thesis is however to suggest changes and recommendations that should lead to influencing the external environment in favor of instututions operating in the field of ter...

  13. Democracy and the Unity of Culture: Cultural Policy during the Weimar Period and the Consequences for the Federal Republic.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fuhr, Christoph

    1985-01-01

    Many problems of educational policy are influenced by the distribution of tasks between the federal government and the Lander as prescribed by the German constitution. How the experiences of the Weimar Republic have affected education in the Federal Republic is shown through an analysis of constitutional history. (RM)

  14. 76 FR 4289 - Honey From the People's Republic of China: Final Results and Rescission of Antidumping Duty New...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-25

    ... the People's Republic of China: Preliminary Intent To Rescind New Shipper Reviews, 75 FR 55307... People's Republic of China: Extension of Time Limit for the Final Results for New Shipper Review, 75 FR... our analysis of the comments received, and after reexamining the bona fides of the sales made...

  15. 78 FR 68411 - Freshwater Crawfish Tail Meat From the People's Republic of China: Initiation of Antidumping Duty...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-14

    ... Meat From the People's Republic of China, 62 FR 41347 (August 1, 1997), as amended by Notice of... Crawfish Tail Meat From the People's Republic of China, 62 FR 48218 (September 15, 1997). \\3\\ See Hubei... Hubei Nature and produced and exported by Hubei Zhenghe. To assist in its analysis of the bona fides...

  16. An Analysis on Powder Packaging Label Designs During the Period of the Republic of China%民国时期香粉包装盒标贴图样设计探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    左旭初

    2015-01-01

    民国时期的香粉大多采用纸质包装盒,这些包装盒不仅使用各种彩色的凹凸花纹纸或皱纹纸进行包装装潢,而且标贴图样精美,是当时商业艺术设计领域的精华所在。这一时期的香粉包装盒标贴图样分为人物形象、动植物、几何图形等几大类。通过分析这些标贴图样,能够了解当时商业美术设计的人文思想与时代特征。%During the period of the Republic of China, paper packaging box was mostly used in powder packaging. A variety of colorful and delicate embossed paper or wrinkled paper was adopted as packaging material. The packaging labels indicated the essence of commercial art design at that time, and could be divided into several categories as characters, animals, plants, geometry figures. Through analysis of these labeling patterns, the humanistic thoughts of commercial art design at that time could be understood.

  17. Hydroacoustical evidence of the expansion of pelagic swarms of Munida gregaria (Decapoda, Munididae) in the Beagle Channel and the Argentine Patagonian Shelf, and its relationship with habitat features

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diez, Mariano J.; Cabreira, Ariel G.; Madirolas, Adrián; Lovrich, Gustavo A.

    2016-08-01

    Squat lobsters are highly diversified and widespread decapods, of which only three species form pelagic swarms. Here we infer the expansion of Munida gregaria populations in the Beagle Channel and the Argentine Patagonian Shelf by means of acoustic surveys of pelagic swarms. We also describe the habitat characteristics in which these swarms occur. Acoustic data was collected during three multidisciplinary scientific cruises on board of the R/V Puerto Deseado during 2009, 2012 and 2014. Despite differences in the environmental conditions between the two surveyed areas, between 2009 and 2014 pelagic swarms increased their occurrence and abundance both in the Beagle Channel and on the Argentine Patagonian Shelf. Towards the end of the studied period, pelagic swarms of M. gregaria occurred in new locations, supporting the notion of a population expansion. Within the Beagle Channel swarm expansions were more marked than on the Patagonian Shelf. We here postulate that M. gregaria expansions occur in association with productive areas of the Argentine continental shelf, such as frontal zones, favoured by the squat lobster phenotypic plasticity that permit to exploit resources in both the neritic and benthic environments. At a regional scale on the Patagonian Shelf, three main groups of pelagic swarms of M. gregaria were clearly associated to respective frontal zones. The information presented here is necessary to understand fluctuations in both distribution and abundance patterns of a key species on the Argentine continental shelf. These fluctuations could be direct or indirect indicators of changes in the ecosystem.

  18. Political science - Czech Republic

    OpenAIRE

    Holzer, Jan; Pseja, Pavel

    2002-01-01

    Analysis of the pre-1989 situation; Redefinition of the discipline since 1990; Core theoretical and methodological orientations; Thematic orientation and funding; Public space and academic debates; Views on further development.

  19. Economics - Czech Republic

    OpenAIRE

    Turnovec, Frantisek

    2002-01-01

    Analysis of the pre-1989 situation; Redefinition of the discipline since 1990; Core theoretical and methodological orientations; Thematic orientation and funding; Public space and academic debates; Views on further development.

  20. Sociology - Czech Republic

    OpenAIRE

    Illner, Michal

    2002-01-01

    Analysis of the pre-1989 situation; Redefinition of the discipline since 1990; Core theoretical and methodological orientations; Thematic orientation and funding; Public space and academic debates; Views on further development.

  1. Experience of the Argentine Radioprotection Society in training in radiological protection

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    From its creation in 1967, the Argentine Radioprotection Society (SAR) has as basic purpose promoting all the aspects related with the radiological protection and the nuclear safety. Due to the great increment in the use of radioactive sources in diverse areas, soon it was evident for the SAR the importance and necessity to promote the knowledge of the radioprotection approaches between the users of radioactive sources and ionizing radiations in all its application fields, be these industrial, academic or doctors. From the year 2000, the SAR comes organizing in regular and periodical form basic and specialized courses about radiological safety of radioactive sources for industrial use and profile of oil wells, among others. In this work, the characteristics of the different dictated courses are described whose programs have been developed keeping in mind the requirements of the competent authorities of Argentina. Also, statistical information on the dictated courses and its participants is presented. The number of dictated courses was incremented from 6 (year 2000) up to 16 (year 2005), being also increased significantly the number of participants for course. The dictated courses are theoretical-practical, with a duration average of 20 hs. The educational body is constituted by specialists in the different topics with recognized experience. Its given to the participants notes and support material, as well as copies of the material presented to develop the course. When concluding the courses, its deliver to the participants certifies of attendance and/or approval, as it corresponds. In their headquarters the SAR has didactic facilities and specific equipment for the dictation of the courses. Also accounts with the easiness of dictating those courses outside of their headquarters. This is particularly advantageous for companies or organizations that are seated in points far from the main cities and they should qualify in radiological safety to the personnel but, by

  2. Large-Scale Agricultural Management and Soil Meso- and Macrofauna Conservation in the Argentine Pampas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Camilo Bedano

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Soil is the most basic resource for sustainable agricultural production; it promotes water quality, is a key component of the biogeochemical cycles and hosts a huge diversity of organisms. However, we are not paying enough attention to soil degradation produced by land use. Modern agriculture has been successful in increasing yields but has also caused extensive environmental damage, particularly soil degradation. In the Argentine Pampas, agriculturization reached a peak with the generalized use of the no-till technological package: genetically modified soybeans tolerant to glyphosate, no-till, glyphosate, and inorganic fertilizers. This phenomenon has been widely spread in the country; the no-till package has been applied in large areas and has been used by tenants in a 60%–70% of cultivated lands. Thus, those who were involved in developing management practices may not be the same as those who will face degradation issues related to those practices. Indeed, most evidence reviewed in this paper suggests that the most widely distributed practices in the Pampas region are actually producing severe soil degradation. Biological degradation is particularly important because soil biota is involved in numerous soil processes on which soil functioning relies, affecting soil fertility and productivity. For example, soil meso- and macrofauna are especially important in nutrient cycling and in soil structure formation and maintenance, and they are key components of the network that links microbial process to the scale of fields and landscapes where ecosystem services are produced. However, the knowledge of the impact of different agricultural managements on soil meso- and macrofauna in Pampas agroecosystems is far from conclusive at this stage. The reason for this lack of definite conclusions is that this area has been given less attention than in other parts of the world; the response of soil fauna to agricultural practices is complex and taxa

  3. The Information Center of the Argentine National Board of Nuclear Regulation (ENREN)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper is addressed particularly to the scientific community users and, as a whole, to any individual in society, whichever his profession or working environment, who is interested in getting acquainted of improving his/her knowledge in the areas of radiological protection and nuclear safety, as well as in other related areas of medicine, biology, engineering, mathematics and physics. The purpose of this paper is the diffusion of the broad spectrum of bibliography and the introduction of the technological-computerized media utilized as tools by the Argentine National Board of Nuclear Regulation in providing responses to a huge number of both internal and external requests for information. There is a large number of professionals and/or researchers who visit the facilities of our Information Center or who get in touch - through the post service, e-mail or telephone - consulting on the available material, either in paper (books, periodical publications, etc.) or in the form of microfilms, video, tapes, CD-ROM, etc. This paper is both descriptive and explanatory; a description is provided of the bibliographical material managed by the Information Center and a brief explanation is given on the techniques and methods used in providing the information requested by the users. Fundamentally, the Center's bibliographical material includes: periodical publications, books, reports, microfilms, etc., all of them related to radiological protection and nuclear safety. Data bases are available in CD-ROM, the most important one being the International Nuclear Information System (INIS) developed by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). The Center has also its own data bases, such as the GPRS (primary documents) and standards (both domestic and international), UNESCO's MicroIsis software is used for the Center's data bases: PERSIS (periodical publications), DOCSIS (books) and ARCAL (magazines from the Latin American territory). This paper will definitely serve as a safe

  4. Kosovo - An Atypical Parliamentary Republic

    OpenAIRE

    Murat Jashari; Behar Selimi

    2016-01-01

    The topic of this comparative study is the republican character of the system of governance in Kosovo. In the public discourse and political communication, as well as in academic discourse Kosovo is considered a Parliamentary Republic, based on the principle “of the separation of powers and checks and balances between them.” Although the constitutional definition of the relationship between the executive and legislative favors parliamentary republicanism, the constitutional powers of the pres...

  5. Cybercrime in the Czech Republic

    OpenAIRE

    Libovický, Radek

    2013-01-01

    With advancement in computer technology new kinds of computer crimes being spread and this is a main theme of this bachelor work. In theoretic part of this work reader will be introduced into most known types of illegal behavior first and this part is followed by concrete paragraphs from Czech criminal law which what sanction is taking for. The element of the theoretical part is statistics which are identifying rate of computer criminality in the Czech Republic. The main contribution of this ...

  6. Trichinella infection in Czech Republic

    OpenAIRE

    Jarošová, Eva

    2012-01-01

    Sumary This work deals with issues of trichinosis, gender Trichinella in Czech Republic, describes the best-known types of trichinosis, their occurrence, adaptation mechanisms important for survival, real danger of disease and preventative measures aimed at protection against the infection. Trichinellas are parasites that may cause a very dangerous disease called trichinelosa which can be fatal to humans. It occurs mainly in carnivores and humans may be infected by ingestion of under ...

  7. Restructuring in SMEs: Czech Republic

    OpenAIRE

    Bučinová, Lucie; Bučina, Petr; Dužár, Jiří; Hruška, Vladan

    2013-01-01

    Based on information derived from 85 case studies across all EU Member States and other sources, the project outlines the features peculiar to SMEs in their anticipation and management of restructuring, explores the main drivers of change and analyses the factors influencing successful restructuring. It offers some insight into how restructuring impacts on workers and the company itself and sets out several policy pointers for future action. This is the country report for the Czech Republic.

  8. Shanghai's Fashion During Republic Period

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卞向阳

    2004-01-01

    The goal of this research is to describe and analyze Shanghai's fashion during Republic Period. Shanghai's fashion during Republic Period plays a special role in fashion history of China and Shanghai history. In the paper, three aspects including the fashion centre of China as well as Far East, men's fashion and women's fashion in Shanghai are discussed. The style, textiles, color, decoration and combination of clothing are described. Many costumes from the Clothing Museum at Donghua University and private collections as well as some historical writings, photographs and publications are elucidated and corroborated to give a more detailed description about Shanghai's fashion during that period.Here are some tentative conclusions. Firstly, Shanghai had always been the fashion center in China even Far East during Republic Period. Modeng was the main reflection of Shanghai fashion. Secondly, the traditional clothing exerted less influence and was less widely used, some kinds and combinations were out of fashion gradually. The fashion was described to be highly stylized, exquisite and concise. Thirdly, the influence of Western Style was further greater. The fashion in Shanghai was almost synchronous with fashion of Paris. Some western clothing was directly used in daily life and the elements of Western Style had an increasingly wide utilization. Fourthly, the New Chinese Style whose representatives were Qipao and Zhongshan Zhuang appeared and popularized in Shanghai. The fashion of Qipao changed frequently. Finally, the fashion in Shanghai called Shanghai Style could be summarized fashionable, exquisite, rapidly changeable, which is harmonious of both ancient and modern, Chinese and foreign.

  9. Czech Republic,TOUCHING THE DREAMLAND

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    @@ Briefly about the Czech Republic Since time immemorial, the Czech lands have been the crossroads of European cultures. The cultural character of Czech cities, villages and spa towns has always been a source of inspiration to visitors and guests, who come here from all comers of the world. The Czech Republic,the youngest in the family of European countries, was born in 1993 when the Czechoslovak Federal Republic split into two independent states.

  10. Integration of foreigners in the Czech Republic

    OpenAIRE

    Horčicová, Helena

    2011-01-01

    How successful is the government of the Czech Republic at supporting social integration of foreigners? What is the immigrant integration policy in the Czech Republic? The aim of this theses is to overview and analyse the immigrant integration in the Czech Republic. The concept of immigrant integration is crucial to the process of immigrant integration, therefore I focus on it and analyse it in detail. In the past few years, there has been a clear shift of immigrant policy from multiculturalis...

  11. Gravimetric determination of the continental-oceanic boundary of the Argentine continental margin (from 36°S to 50°S)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arecco, María Alejandra; Ruiz, Francisco; Pizarro, Guillermo; Giménez, Mario; Martínez, Patricia; Ramos, Víctor A.

    2016-01-01

    This paper presents the gravimetric analysis together with seismic data as an integral application in order to identify the continental-oceanic crust boundary (COB) of the Argentine continental margin from 36°S to 50°S in a continuous way. The gravimetric and seismic data are made up of large grids of data obtained from satellite altimetry and marine research. The methodology consists of three distinct methods: (i) the application of enhancement techniques to gravimetric anomalies, (ii) the calculation of crustal thinning from 3-D gravity inversion modelling of the crust-mantle discontinuity and (iii) 2-D gravimetric modelling supported by multichannel reflection and refraction seismic profiles. In the first method, the analytic signal, Theta map, and tilt angle and its horizontal derivative were applied. In the second method, crustal thickness was obtained as the difference in the depths of the crystalline basement and the crust-mantle discontinuity; the latter was obtained via gravimetric inversion. Finally, 2-D modelling was performed from free-air anomalies in two representative sections by considering as restriction surfaces those coming from the interpretation of seismic data. The results of the joint application of enhancement techniques and 2-D and 3-D modelling have enabled continuous interpretation of the COB. In this study, the COB was determined continuously from the integration of 2-D profiles of the enhancement techniques, taking account of crustal thickness and performing 2-D gravimetric modelling. The modelling technique was complemented by regional studies integrated with multichannel seismic reflection and seismic refraction lines, resulting in consistent enhancement techniques.

  12. The Democratisation in the Czech Republic and Slovakia: The Influence of Transitional Justice and Europeanisation

    OpenAIRE

    Zachariassen, Anne

    2015-01-01

    After more than four decades under the totalitarian regime of the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic, the Velvet Revolution initiated democratisation in the Czech Republic and Slovakia. In a comparison of the two processes of transitional justice, this project analyses through a few case study method the respective transitional justice measures implemented in the two countries. The analysis is based on interviews and secondary empirical data in order to answer if transitional justice is importan...

  13. Democratic Republic of the Congo; Enhanced Initiative for Heavily Indebted Poor Countries-Decision Point Document

    OpenAIRE

    International Monetary Fund

    2003-01-01

    This paper presents an assessment of the Democratic Republic of the Congo's eligibility for assistance under the enhanced initiative for heavily indebted poor countries. The country has made remarkable progress in consolidating the peace process, stabilizing the economic situation, and creating the conditions for sustainable economic growth and poverty reduction. The analysis supporting the poverty reduction strategy finds that structural constraints prevent the Democratic Republic of the Con...

  14. Income inequalities within couples in the Czech Republic and European countries

    OpenAIRE

    Mysíková, Martina

    2011-01-01

    This study analyses the income distribution within couples in the Czech Republic and ten European countries using the EU-SILC 2005 database. Data from the Luxembourg Income Study (LIS) database supplement the analysis with previous period (1986 - 2000). Women, on average, contribute less to a couple's income than men. Among the included countries, within-couple income inequality tends to be lower in the new EU member states than in the old ones, with the Czech Republic being the exception. Wi...

  15. Corporate Social Responsibility in the Tourist Industry in the Czech Republic

    OpenAIRE

    Hemerková, Veronika

    2014-01-01

    Hemerková, V. Corporate Social Responsibility in the Tourist Industry in the Czech Republic. Bachelor thesis. Brno: Mendel University in Brno, 2013. The bachelor thesis is focused on Corporate Social Responsibility in the tourist industry in the Czech Republic. Based on the quantitave research in travel agencies in Brno and its surroundings an analysis was performed and current CSR situation was evaluated. Two third of respondents did not know what corporate social responsibility is. But they...

  16. Description and Consequences of Sexual Violence in Ituri Province, Democratic Republic of Congo

    OpenAIRE

    Duroch Françoise; McRae Melissa; Grais Rebecca F

    2011-01-01

    Abstract Background The war in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo has been the subject of numerous studies related to the problem of sexual violence. Historically, such violence is known to be part of strategic war plans to conquer and destroy communities, but it is now unfortunately prevalent in times of relative calm. Methods We describe the characteristics and consequences of sexual violence in Ituri province of Democratic Republic of Congo through the retrospective analysis of 2,565 pat...

  17. The Retail Sales in the Czech Republic and the European Union and the Comparison of Evolution

    OpenAIRE

    Kamil Pícha; Leoš Vítek; Hana Doležalová; Josef Navrátil; Roman Švec

    2012-01-01

    The paper deals with the evolution of the retail sales in the Czech Republic and the European Union. Retail sales are a very important element of the total performance of a national economy. The aim of this article is to analyze the tendency of the retail sales and to compare their evolution in the Czech Republic with the results of the whole European Union. The paper presents graphical analysis studying relations between the retail sales and the macroeconomic development (GDP growth rate and...

  18. THE ANALYSIS OF FUEL CONSUMPTION STRUCTURE AND CARBON DIOXIDE EMISSIONS BY VIEW OF ENERGY SECURITY IN ENERGETICS OF THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bicova E.V.

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available In the paper the analysis of fuel consumption block indicators dynamics of energy security indicators system is presented. Calculations results of carbon dioxide emissions in energy security indicators system ecological block are presented as well.

  19. "Apuntes sobre el Curso gradual de gramática castellana (ca. 1930 de José Hidalgo Martínez y su lugar en la tradición escolar argentina" ["Notes on José Hidalgo Martínez’s Curso gradual de gramática castellana (c. 1930 and its Place in Argentine School Grammar Traditions"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Luisa Calero Vaquera

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available School grammar is branch of linguistic studies that needs further descriptive and interpretative study to reveal its contributions to the development of modern grammar, even within the limits imposed by its educational purpose. With the aim of contributing to this task, this paper briefly analyzes José Hidalgo Martínez’s Curso gradual de gramática castellana (Buenos Aires, a widely used book in Argentine schools, as shown by its at least nineteen successive editions since the first one in 1884. The analysis reveals a model of grammar heavily dependent on Spanish theoretical sources, especially the Royal Academy of Language, and the strong presence of Andrés Bello,although gradually overshadowed by the former. To this we should add traces of French philosophical grammar, which becomes more visible in the chapter on syntax and the exercises of syntactic analysis. The resulting handbook is a sort of “patchwork” lacking in coherence but still useful to several generations of Argentine schoolchildren in their training in grammar and, even more so, to the history of school grammar in the Spanish-speaking world.

  20. Co-operation agreement. The text of the agreement of 25 May 1998 between the International Atomic Energy Agency and the Brazilian-Argentine Agency for accounting and control of nuclear materials

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The document reproduces the text of the Co-operation Agreement between the International Atomic Energy Agency and the Brazilian-Argentine Agency for Accounting and Control of Nuclear Materials which entered into force on 25 May 1998

  1. Democratic Republic of the Congo; Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix

    OpenAIRE

    International Monetary Fund

    2003-01-01

    This Selected Issues paper and Statistical Appendix investigates the sources of growth in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) and evaluates the relative importance of productivity growth and factor accumulation. The analysis is extended to the key sectors of the economy: agriculture, mining, and transport. The paper assesses the DRC’s medium-term growth prospects and compares them with both the post-conflict growth experience to date and the growth objectives of the Poverty Reduction...

  2. Geosector Status Overview in the Republic of Serbia

    OpenAIRE

    Ivan ALEKSIĆ; Marija RAŠKOVIĆ

    2013-01-01

    Organizations operating in geosector in the Republic of Serbia are gathered around a common goal – the establishment of geodata infrastructure at the national level. State of play was done as one of the tasks in order to conduct proper planning and establishment. Questionnaire included 80 organizations from all levels of government, public enterprises, academic institutions, and other entities doing business with geodata. Results were statistically presented and the expert analysis was conduc...

  3. Income Distribution and Poverty in the Republic of Haiti

    OpenAIRE

    Evans Jadotte

    2006-01-01

    After decades of stagnation and economic decline coupled with political upheavals, the Republic of Haiti is today the poorest nation in the Western Hemisphere and one of the poorest in the world. The present research reveals that this country is also where income is worst distributed in the most unequal region of the world, viz., Latin America and the Carribbean. We use the 2001 Haiti Living Conditions Survey for distributive analysis and poverty assessment to try to make manifest the potenti...

  4. Sustainable Health Care Financing in the Republic of Palau

    OpenAIRE

    Asian Development Bank

    2012-01-01

    The government and the people of the Republic of Palau have been working with the Asian Development Bank (ADB) since 2005. Since Palau is one of ADB’s newest members, ADB conducted an extensive analysis of the constraints to development before agreeing on the country partnership strategy with the government in 2009. The strategy focuses on improving public sector effectiveness to meet the government’s fiscal strategy, supporting private sector development, reforming the water and sanitation s...

  5. Local budget transparency and participation : evidence from the Kyrgyz Republic

    OpenAIRE

    Esenaliev, Damir; Gregory Kisunko; Kisunko, Gregory

    2015-01-01

    The paper investigates determinants of civic participation in local budget processes in rural areas in the Kyrgyz Republic by using data from the Life in Kyrgyzstan survey, conducted in 2012. The analysis of the data suggests that although civic awareness and interest in local budget processes is relatively high, the participation rate in local budgeting processes is low. The paper also shows that interest, awareness, and participation are positively associated with the age, education, employ...

  6. Intimate Encounters: Affective Economies in Cuba and the Dominican Republic

    OpenAIRE

    Amalia L. Cabezas

    2011-01-01

    Drawing on research in Cuba and the Dominican Republic this paper explores the uses of intimacy in both the corporate sector and in romantic relationships. I use research with hotel workers and with people involved in sexual-affective exchanges connected to tourism to link intimacy to the political economic structures of transnational tourism. These are new spaces of analysis that present practices of transnational corporategenerated intimacy that combine love – or the exploitation of worker’...

  7. Tectonique Cénozoïque du Haut Plateau de la Puna, Nord Ouest Argentin, Andes Centrales.

    OpenAIRE

    Coutand, Isabelle

    1999-01-01

    Mémoires de Géosciences Rennes, n° 92, 381 p., ISBN: 2-905532-91-2 Les Andes Centrales sont l'exemple type d'une chaîne se développant le long d'une marge active en contexte non collisionel et résultent de la subduction légèrement oblique (-N75°E) de la plaque océanique Nazca sous le continent sud-américain. Elles sont caractérisées par la présence du haut plateau de l'Altiplano-Puna s'étendant depuis le Pérou au Nord jusqu'en Argentine au Sud et présentant une altitude moyenne avoisinant ...

  8. Temps de la métropole, temps des déchets. Le cas de Buenos Aires (Argentine)

    OpenAIRE

    Carré, Marie-Noëlle

    2015-01-01

    La gestion des déchets à Buenos Aires, métropole argentine de 14,5 millions d’habitants, a connu des reconfigurations importantes depuis les années 2000. Les revendications citoyennes en faveur d’une gestion plus respectueuse de l’environnement émergent en pleine crise de 2001, et ne sont pas sans rappeler les débuts du système sociotechnique instauré en 1977. Au lendemain du coup d’État militaire, le gouvernement de facto lançait l’un des projets d’aménagement du territoire métropolitain des...

  9. Images and symbols of nuclear energy and environment in Argentine public opinion: the need of a new strategy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The need to create in the Argentine public opinion new positives symbols and images on nuclear energy and on the benefits of its peaceful applications, is al present so important as the development of new technical tools to improve the nuclear industry. These positives symbols and imagines on nuclear energy must be created in the framework of a joint strategy of all the country's nuclear institutions as well as other public organizations, in view of the new nuclear plan recently announced. This joint strategy will permit to create not only the new positives symbols and images in the public opinion, but also to obtain the support of the mass media and new spaces for negotiation in the national, provincial and municipal levels. (author)

  10. Secrets, Trauma, and the Memory Market (or the return of the repressed in recent Argentine post-dictatorship cultural production

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvia R Tandeciarz

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Since the end of the last Argentine Dictatorship (1976-1983, a number of feature-length films have engaged in the public debate over the legacies of state terrorism. El secreto de sus ojos (2009, Argentina's most recent Oscar winner, is the latest to do so, exploring the effects of more than a decade of impunity on those who lost their loved ones. Suggesting that restoration of a justice system that works can lead to the restoration of full civic engagement in a healthy body politic, the film raises important questions about citizenship and belonging in a post-national era. This essay explores the film's phenomenal success in the global memory market to illuminate what remains at stake in contemporary narratives of reconciliation.

  11. Landslide risk analysis and its application in regional planning: an example from the highlands of the Outer Western Carpathians, Czech Republic

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Klimeš, Jan; Blahůt, Jan

    2012-01-01

    Roč. 64, č. 2 (2012), s. 1779-1803. ISSN 0921-030X R&D Projects: GA ČR GP205/09/P383 Institutional support: RVO:67985891 Keywords : landslides * risk analysis * susceptibility Subject RIV: DE - Earth Magnetism, Geodesy, Geography Impact factor: 1.639, year: 2012

  12. Developing Military Socialism Ideology in the Democratic People's Republic of Korea: A Comparative Analysis of “Juche” and “Songun” Ideas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oksana Valeryevna Apteyeva

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available The article is devoted to a historical analysis of the ideological framework of North Korea, its peculiarities and contradictions. The ideas of “Juche” and the “Songun” are of special importance. The author concludes that these ideas will be further employed by the political elite of the country in the years to come.

  13. Structure, composition and metagenomic profile of soil microbiomes associated to agricultural land use and tillage systems in Argentine Pampas.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Belén Carbonetto

    Full Text Available Agriculture is facing a major challenge nowadays: to increase crop production for food and energy while preserving ecosystem functioning and soil quality. Argentine Pampas is one of the main world producers of crops and one of the main adopters of conservation agriculture. Changes in soil chemical and physical properties of Pampas soils due to different tillage systems have been deeply studied. Still, not much evidence has been reported on the effects of agricultural practices on Pampas soil microbiomes. The aim of our study was to investigate the effects of agricultural land use on community structure, composition and metabolic profiles on soil microbiomes of Argentine Pampas. We also compared the effects associated to conventional practices with the effects of no-tillage systems. Our results confirmed the impact on microbiome structure and composition due to agricultural practices. The phyla Verrucomicrobia, Plactomycetes, Actinobacteria, and Chloroflexi were more abundant in non cultivated soils while Gemmatimonadetes, Nitrospirae and WS3 were more abundant in cultivated soils. Effects on metabolic metagenomic profiles were also observed. The relative abundance of genes assigned to transcription, protein modification, nucleotide transport and metabolism, wall and membrane biogenesis and intracellular trafficking and secretion were higher in cultivated fertilized soils than in non cultivated soils. We also observed significant differences in microbiome structure and taxonomic composition between soils under conventional and no-tillage systems. Overall, our results suggest that agronomical land use and the type of tillage system have induced microbiomes to shift their life-history strategies. Microbiomes of cultivated fertilized soils (i.e. higher nutrient amendment presented tendencies to copiotrophy while microbiomes of non cultivated homogenous soils appeared to have a more oligotrophic life-style. Additionally, we propose that conventional

  14. AER Working Group D on VVER safety analysis minutes of the meeting in Rez, Czech Republic 18-20 May 1998

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    AER Working Group D on VVER reactor safety analysis held its seventh meeting in Hotel Vltava in Rez near Prague during the period 18-20 May 1998. There were altogether 11 participants from 8 member organisations. The coordinator for the working group, Mr. P. Siltanen (IVO) served as chairman. In addition to the general information exchange on recent activities, the topics of the meeting included: First review of solutions to the 3-dimensional AER Dynamic Benchmark Problem No. 5 on a steam line break accident. This benchmark involves a break of the main steam header. Safety analysis of reactivity events. Recent code development work and fuel behaviour. Coolant mixing calculations and experiments related to diluted slugs. A list of participants and a list of handouts distributed at the meeting are attached to the minutes. (author)

  15. THE ROLE OF INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGY OF THE ANALYSIS OF LITERATURE TEXT IN STUDYING SYSTEM «RUSSIAN AS FOREIGN» (on a material of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia)

    OpenAIRE

    Petrova Svetlana Maksimovna

    2012-01-01

    The analysis of the globalization processes occurring in the modern world, caused transformation of a traditional education system is carried out in the article. It is told about the main directions of reform of Russian education, about quality of vocational training of the teacher of a new formation, about Russian role as nonnative, as foreign, being a metasubject integrating factor of educational system. A literature place in training system to Russian as foreign and the author's innovative...

  16. Climatic scenarios for the Czech Republic

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Kalvová, J.; Nemešová, Ivana

    Budapešť : Eötvös Lorand University, 1995, s. 41-49. - (963 463 042 1). [Workshop on regional climate change in Central-East Europe. Budapešť (HU), 28.11.1994-30.11.1994] Grant ostatní: EPA (CZ-US) Czech Republic`s Country Study Keywords : climate change

  17. DEM-Based Analysis of Interactions between Tectonics and Landscapes in the Ore Mountains and Eger Rift (East Germany and NW Czech Republic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Louis Andreani

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Tectonics modify the base-level of rivers and result in the progressive erosion of landscapes. We propose here a new method to classify landscapes according to their erosional stages. This method is based on the combination of two DEM-based geomorphic indices: the hypsometric integral, which highlights elevated surfaces, and surface roughness, which increases with the topographic elevation and the incision by the drainage network. The combination of these two indices allows one to produce a map of erosional discontinuities that can be easily compared with the known structural framework. In addition, this method can be easily implemented (e.g., in MATLAB and provides a quick way to analyze regional-scale landscapes. We propose here an example of a region where this approach becomes extremely valuable: the Ore Mountains and adjacent regions. The lack of young stratigraphic markers prevents a detailed analysis of recent fault activity. However, discontinuities in mapped geomorphic indices coupled to the analysis of river longitudinal profiles suggest a tight relationship between erosional discontinuities and main tectonic lineaments.

  18. Culture Analysis: The Interaction of Organizational and National Culture

    OpenAIRE

    Marina Arnoldovna Makarchenko

    2015-01-01

    The article is devoted to the interaction between organizational culture factors. A comparative analysis of the Russian and Argentine companies culture using different methods shows the impact of the national mentality in organizational culture. The thesis is the need to introduce the term "regional culture" in relation to modern Russia.

  19. 77 FR 65667 - Freshwater Crawfish Tail Meat From the People's Republic of China: Initiation of Antidumping Duty...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-30

    ... the People's Republic of China, 62 FR 48218 (September 15, 1997). \\2\\ See Freshwater Crawfish Tail... analysis of the bona fides of Deyan Aquatic's sales, upon initiation of this NSR, the Department...

  20. 77 FR 45587 - Tapered Roller Bearings and Parts Thereof, Finished and Unfinished, from the People's Republic of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-01

    ... Republic of China, 52 FR 22667 (June 15, 1987) (``Order''). \\2\\ See 19 CFR 351.214(d). In its submission... Zhengda produced and exported. To assist in its analysis of the bona fides of Zhejiang Zhengda's...

  1. 77 FR 45588 - Tapered Roller Bearings and Parts Thereof, Finished and Unfinished, From the People's Republic of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-01

    ... Republic of China, 52 FR 22667 (June 15, 1987) (``Order''). \\2\\ See 19 CFR 351.214(d). In its submission... produced and exported. To assist in its analysis of the bona fides of Haining Automann's sales,...

  2. 76 FR 61088 - Certain Frozen Fish Fillets From the Socialist Republic of Vietnam: Initiation of New Shipper...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-03

    ... Republic of Vietnam, 68 FR 47909 (August 12, 2003). On August 3, 4, and 16, 2011, respectively, we received... review in order to assist in its analysis of the bona fides of the sales of the three...

  3. 78 FR 24723 - Freshwater Crawfish Tail Meat From the People's Republic of China: Initiation of Antidumping Duty...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-26

    ... Order: Freshwater Crawfish Tail Meat From the People's Republic of China, 62 FR 48218 (September 15... merchandise which Hubei Nature both produced and exported. To assist in its analysis of the bona fides...

  4. The contemporary cartographic presentation of geographical names of objects lying on the border between Poland and the Czech Republic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zych Maciej

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is the analysis of the names used on cartographic publications in Poland and the Czech Republic for transboundary geographical objects lying on the common boundary.

  5. The economic results of farms in the Czech Republic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaroslav Svoboda

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Czech agrarian sector has undergone significant changes during last ten years. Since the Czech Republic has entered the European Union in 2004, agrarian sector has had to adapt to conditions of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP. This policy is taken as a crucial within the EU policies as it includes orientation of food production as well as a broader sense of sustainable development and employment. The paper assesses profit/loss and its efficiency of a sample of farms in the Czech Republic (about 830 farms in 2004 2010. This analysis employed methods of financial analysis both traditional ratios and systems of bankruptcy and value models. Time series is long enough to monitor results after establishing the UE and the CAP principles in the Czech Republic. The paper shows that although since 2004, revenue per employee has been increasing, the value added per worker has been static without any major changes. However, farms on average were profitable with the exception of 2009. It was verified by bankruptcy and value models that an average farm is in a relatively good financial situation (without any problems or debt and sufficiently liquid.

  6. The Argentine electric market indicative planning. The transport systems reference guides; Planificacion indicativa del mercado electrico argentino. Las guias de referencia de los sistemas de transporte

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nizovoy, Jorge Alberto; Puleri, Cesar Anibal [Transener S.A., Buenos Aires (Argentina)]. E-mail: Jorge.Nizovoy@transx.com.ar

    2001-07-01

    This work describes the foreseen tool in the Argentine electric market to guide the users regarding transport systems probable evolution, whereas they have to make inversion decisions in order to enlarge the power transportation networks. The Transportation System Reference Guides constitute such tools. Besides referring to its contents and experiences that have guided to improvements on its edition process, the work approaches aspects of the Argentine electric system development, which illustrate the challenger context on which they have been accomplishing and the obtained knowledge from comparison between what has been really accomplished and what has been proposed by the guides. For this, it is used the Transener S.A. company private experience by means of real examples from its seven published Reference Guides.

  7. The effects of nitric oxide cooling and the photodissociation of molecular oxygen on the thermosphere/ionosphere system over the Argentine Islands

    OpenAIRE

    G. D. Wells; Rodger, A. S.; Moffett, R. J.; G. J. Bailey; Fuller-Rowell, T. J.

    1997-01-01

    In the past the global, fully coupled, time-dependent mathematical model of the Earth's thermosphere/ionosphere/plasmasphere (CTIP) has been unable to reproduce accurately observed values of the maximum plasma frequency, foF2, at extreme geophysical locations such as the Argentine Islands during the summer solstice where the ionosphere remains in sunlight throughout the day. This is probably because the seasonal dependence of thermospheric cooling by 5.3 µm nitric oxid...

  8. The European Union as a Security Provider: The Securitization of the Conflict in the Central African Republic

    OpenAIRE

    Olsen, Helene; Bak, Camilla; Jensen, Camilla

    2014-01-01

    This project investigates the EU as a provider of security outside the EU. As an example, we chose to analyse, why the EU decided to intervene militarily in the Central African Republic. Our analysis is grounded in a securitization framework and therefore focusses on how the conflict in the Central African Republic has been constructed as a problem within an EU context. To operationalise the analysis we utilised Kingdon’s “Three Stream Model”, which provided a more comprehensive understanding...

  9. Essential Oils of Plants as Biocides against Microorganisms Isolated from Cuban and Argentine Documentary Heritage.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Borrego, Sofía; Valdés, Oderlaise; Vivar, Isbel; Lavin, Paola; Guiamet, Patricia; Battistoni, Patricia; Gómez de Saravia, Sandra; Borges, Pedro

    2012-01-01

    Natural products obtained from plants with biocidal activity represent an alternative and useful source in the control of biodeterioration of documentary heritage, without negative environmental and human impacts. In this work, we studied the antimicrobial activity of seven essential oils against microorganisms associated with the biodeterioration of documentary heritage. The essential oils were obtained by steam distillation. The antimicrobial activity was analyzed using the agar diffusion method against 4 strains of fungi and 6 bacterial strains isolated from repositories air and documents of the National Archive of the Republic of Cuba and the Historical Archive of the Museum of La Plata, Argentina. Anise and garlic oils showed the best antifungal activity at all concentrations studied, while oregano oil not only was effective against fungi tested but also prevented sporulation of them all. Orange sweet and laurel oils were ineffective against fungi. Clove, garlic, and oregano oils showed the highest antibacterial activity at 25% against Enterobacter agglomerans and Streptomyces sp., while only clove and oregano oils were effective against Bacillus sp. at all concentrations studied. This study has an important implication for the possible use of the natural products from plants in the control of biodeterioration of documentary heritage. PMID:23762760

  10. Do Digital Public Services Matter? A Comparative Study of the Czech Republic and the Republic of Kazakhstan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Ulman

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Provision of quality public services has been in great concern of many governments for longer period of time. An interesting fact could be observed that, as to the demand and supply of digital public services, some developed European countries could lag behind some upper-middle-income countries. The paper explores differences in digital public services provision (supply side and use (demand side between the Czech Republic and Kazakhstan. A document analysis was done and a comparative study based on secondary data was elaborated. We can confirm that even a country from outside of the EU (Kazakhstan can provide a better organized supply of digital services than an EU member state (Czech Republic at least on the national level. According to the Digital Economy and Society Index (DESI benchmarking, there are also significant discrepancies among national, regional and local services in the EU. The same phenomenon is also reported from transitional countries like Kazakhstan.

  11. Argentine activities related to the development of low enriched fuel elements

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Within the framework of the RERTR Program and supported by the technical cooperation work agreed upon between the U.S.A. and Argentina in May 1979, the CNEA Nuclear Fuel Department - Low Enriched Fuel Elements Project (ECBE Project), has carried on its own program for developing fuels with low enrichment for research and test reactors. Up to the present, its main objective has been to replace the highly enriched fuel used in its only reactor (RA-3) for research, development and radioisotopes production. The basic stages of the Argentine Program are shown in Table 1. At a meeting held in Vienna in March, 1980, the CNEA stated that its development of fuels with low enrichment would be in two fuel lines: UAlx-Al and U3O8-Al, and that its aim would be to reach uranium densities of 18-2.2 g/cm3 for the UAIx-Al line and 2.4-3.0 g/cm3 for the U3O8 line. At the international meeting held at ANL in November, 1980, and after having received depleted uranium and uranium with 20% and 45% enrichment (purchased from the U.S.A. for manufacturing miniplates and possible standard fuels) to carry on the proposed development, CNEA anticipated -- after its first tests -- that the conditions were satisfactory for reaching uranium densities of 2.4-3.0 g/cm3 in U3O8-Al fuel and of 2.4 g/cm3 in UAIx-Al fuel. In February 1981, after Argentina accepted the obligation of paying for the irradiation service, authorization was obtained for irradiating miniplates in the Oak Ridge Reactor within the RERTR Program. In June 1981, the first set of miniplates was sent to Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). The maximum actual densities reached at that time were 3.12 g/cm3 with U3O8-Al and 2.52 g/cm3 with UAlx-Al. During a visit of the CNEA Project Technical Manager to the Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) in July 1981, and after exchanging ideas with ANL professional staff, the CNEA decided to incorporate a new line of development, that of U3Si-Al. Three months later, in October 1981 a second set of

  12. Entre el "deber" y el "derecho": patrimonio arqueológico y obligaciones sociales en Patagonia Argentina Among "duty" and "rights": Archaeological heritage and social obligations in Argentine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carolina Crespo

    2006-12-01

    actualized around this heritage, the change of meanings of these artefacts that such relationships motivate and the effects they produce on the management of the archaeological heritage. An analysis of the exchange of services and of the mutual obligations that arise serves as an example of the new meanings acquired by archaeological goods - especially rock art in Argentine Patagonia - in recent years, as well as the complexities of its management.

  13. The environment of the Slovak Republic

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report of the Ministry of the Environment of the Slovak Republic deals with next areas of the environment of the Slovak Republic in 1999: (1) Basic information about the Slovak republic; (2) The environmental protection; (3) The cultural monuments protection; (4) The world and natural heritage; (5) The biodiversity; (6) The territorial system of ecological stability; (7) The environmental regional partition; (8) Components of the environment and their protection; (9) Environmental risk factors (radiation and others); (10) Health and age of population; (11) Ministration on environment; (12 ) International co-operation. Alphabetical list of abbreviations and texts to pictures are included

  14. Two-Step Classification of Unemployed People in the Czech Republic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zdeněk Šulc

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The paper analyzes structure and behavior of unemployed people in the Czech Republic by means of latent class analysis (LCA and CHAID analysis where the output of LCA serves as the input for CHAID. The unemployed are classified in two steps; for each step different characteristics are used. In the first step, respondents are split into latent classes according to their answers to questions concerning ways of searching for a new job. In the second step, CHAID analysis is performed with results obtained from LCA as a dependent variable. In the paper, data from periodical Labor Force Survey conducted in Czech Republic in spring 2011 are used. The results indicate that unemployed people in the Czech Republic can be divided into four segments: Active, Passive, Typical and Specific. A special attention is paid to extreme segments Active and Passive.

  15. Comparative leaf anatomy in argentine Galactia species Anatomía comparada de hoja en especies argentinas de Galactia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. M. Tourn

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available A comparative study of anatomical characters of the leaves of argentine species of Genera Galactia was carried out in order to evaluate their potential value in Taxonomy. In Argentine 14 species and some varieties from Sections Odonia and Collaearia can be found. Section Odonia: G. benthamiana Mich., G. dubia DC., G. fiebrigiana Burkart var. correntina Burkart, G. glaucophylla Harms, G. gracillima Benth., G. latisiliqua Desv., G. longifolia (Jacq. Benth., G. marginalis Benth., G. striata (Jacq. Urban, G. martioides Burkart, G. neesi D. C. var. australis Malme, G. pretiosa Burkart var. pretiosa, G. texana (Scheele A. Gray and G. boavista (Vell. Burkart from Section Collaearia. The characterization of sections is mainly based on reproductive characters, vegetative ones (exomorphological aspects are scarcely considered. The present paper provides a description of anatomical characters of leaves in argentine species of Galactia. Some of them, may have diagnostic value in taxonomic treatment. Special emphasis is placed on the systematic significance of the midvein structure. The aim of the present study, covering 10 species (named in bold, is a to add more data of leaf anatomy characters, thus b to evaluate the systematic relevance and/ or ecological significance.Se realizó un estudio comparativo de la anatomía foliar de especies argentinas del género Galactia (Fabaceae, a fin de evaluar su potencial en taxonomía. En la Argentina se reconocen 14 especies (con algunas variedades, 13 de la sección Odonia -G. benthamiana Mich., G. fiebrigiana Burkart var. correntina Burkart , G. gracillima Benth., G. latisiliqua Desv., G. marginalis Benth., G. striata (Jacq. Urban y G. texana (Scheele A. Gray, G. dubia DC., G. glaucophylla Harms, G. longifolia (Jacq. Benth., G. martioides Burkart, G. neesi DC. var. australis Malme, G. pretiosa Burkart var. Pretiosa- y G. boavista (Vell. Burkart de la sección Collaearia (Burkart, 1971. Los estudios se realizaron en

  16. Intensity of the extreme rainfalls in the Republic of Macedonia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The object of this research is the analysis of intensity of rainfalls with different duration and returning period over the Republic of Macedonia. There are 8 meteorological stations in the Republic of Macedonia that have long-term (>30 years) pluviograph data. This data was completed and generated in some previous analyses. maximal daily (24 hours) values of rainfalls registered with Helmans totalizers, in Macedonia are 188 mm (g.s. Popova Sapka in 1979), and 175 mm (g.s. Demir Kapija) in 1995. Probabilities of their occurrence have been estimated testing and using difference distribution (Gumbel, Galton, Pirson, Freget, Bernoulli, Gauss). For that purpose the intensity of rainfall with different returning period (0,1 -50%) and duration (5-1440') has been processed In the follow table, theoretically estimated extreme rainfalls with 1% probability of occurrence on difference area RM are presented. After that, the intensity of the rainfalls expressed as [mm/min] and [1/s.ha] was estimated. The results have been used to draw the diagrams of intensity of rainfall for all 8 main meteorological stations in the Republic of Macedonia that have long-term pluviografic data. Based on the scatter diagrams some functions were defined. These functions in fact show correlation between rainfall intensity and their duration (i = f (t)). This paper gives two benefits. Firstly, the results are contribution to defining spatial-time defining of the extreme rainfalls in the Republic of Macedonia. Secondary, the results of this research gives us the opportunity, using the proper method, to define the probability of torrential rains in particular watersheds and to estimate real maximal water discharge with difference occurrence.(Author)

  17. The future market in electricity in the Czech Republic

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Czech Republic has signed the Association Agreement with the European Union in early nineties and it has been the Republic's goal to accede to full membership in the European Union. In the power sector, the Directive 96/92/EC is, in this respect, the most important document. The Czech Energy Law was become effective from 1995 in a compromise form which proved to stay well short of perfection. Unfortunately, a number of articles and provisions fail to be consistent with the relevant EU documents, and even far less so with Directive 96/92/EC. The draft Energy Policy of the Czech Republic as presented officially in May 1997, has already definitely stressed some basic features of the future market in electricity. Regrettably, also in the draft Energy Policy some pressing long-term problems fail to be recognized or addressed and also areas failing to conform with the European power industry laws can be found in it. For the Czech Republic, it will be useful to utilize the experience of mainly the smaller EU countries and to proceed in pursuance of the findings of a thorough analysis and in a stepwise manner. In the first phase, it will be enough to make those moves which are common for all the conceivable solutions. Directive 96/92/EC does not prescribe a change in the structure of the existing electric power sector and far less any change in the ownership relation. In the same token, Directive 96/92/EC does not charge the member states with any duty to launch a wholesale market in electricity (pool of exchange). That is reserved under the discretion of the member states. Nowhere throughout the Directive is encountered any requirement to reduce the market strength of the dominant entities, if such exist

  18. Sociodemographic signs and features of carriers of suicide behaviour in Republic Bashkortostan

    OpenAIRE

    Lvova, Irina Nikolaevna

    2012-01-01

    Presented article is devoted the analysis of sociodemographic characteristics of carriers of suicide behavior in Republic Bashkortostan, for the purpose of definition of groups of the raised suicide risk. This analysis mentions such base signs, as a sex, age, a residence, an educational level, the socially-professional status, marital status, a standard of living and material well-being.

  19. 78 FR 52501 - Glycine From the People's Republic of China: Preliminary Rescission of Antidumping Duty New...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-23

    ... the order; see also Antidumping Duty Order: Glycine From the People's Republic of China, 60 FR 16116... conducted a detailed bona fides analysis for these preliminary results due to the preliminary decision that... new shipper review as detailed above, we will conduct a full bona fides analysis of Donghua...

  20. Wind energy development: global demands – local controversies (A social-geographical analysis of public perception and attitudes to wind energy in respect of some specifics from the Czech Republic)

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Frantál, Bohumil

    Sofia : University St. Kliment Ohridski, 2009, s. 82-88. ISBN 978-954-07-2900-8. [Global Changes: Vulnerability , Mitigation and Adaptation. Sofia (BG), 17.04.2008-18.04.2008] R&D Projects: GA AV ČR(CZ) KJB700860801 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z30860518 Keywords : wind energy * social acceptance * Czech Republic Subject RIV: AO - Sociology, Demography

  1. Energy policy of the Czech Republic

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this presentation author deals with the state and perspectives of energy production in the Czech Republic up to 2030 year. Share of energy consumption as well as perspectives of nuclear energy are discussed

  2. English in the Czech Republic: Linguists’ perspectives

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Kaderka, Petr; Prošek, Martin

    -, č. 28 (2014), s. 173-198. ISSN 0933-1883 Institutional support: RVO:68378092 Keywords : language situation * English as a global language * attitudes towards English * national language institution * sociolinguistics * Czech Republic Subject RIV: AI - Linguistics

  3. Adaptation of regulatory information and knowledge through knowledge maps in the Argentine Nuclear Regulatory Authority within the framework of nuclear renaissance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: In the new framework of nuclear renaissance in the world in general, and in Argentina in particular, proper and efficient management of information and knowledge produced in the past and to be produced during renaissance becomes critically important. The fact that in the nuclear sector across the world human resources are going through significant change as a result of the massive number of experts who are retiring from the workforce, the ensuing general gap, the new generation of workers who are joining the nuclear rank and file with different training, values and cultural beliefs, and the slow information and knowledge transfer process call for carefully considering and assessing new methods to manage information and knowledge. This paper discusses the topic of knowledge maps as a method to adapt historical information and knowledge and to make it more readily available for future workers; the paper also deals with a new management approach to such information. Knowledge maps probably represent an up-to-date method to manage both historical and new information and knowledge, adapting to a number of new cultural features, including but not limited to the intensive use of information technologies and the tendency to summarize and integrate concepts. A distinguishing feature of this new method of organizing information and knowledge is the need for a closer interrelation across the organisation's sectors. As a result, knowledge maps help create and improve manuals and procedures related to the specific tasks performed in the institution, based on the analysis carried out by those creating the maps. This tool also helps better analyze the tasks already conducted or to be conducted by workers, all of which optimizes the job description process in the area of human resources. Another benefit of knowledge maps is that they help preserve the information and knowledge that can be used to train the staff in merely technical or induction issues as well as in an

  4. Education and training in radiological protection in the Argentine region- IAEA, toward a long term commitment; Educacion y entrenamiento en proteccion radiologica en la region Argentina- OIEA, hacia un compromiso de largo plazo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Terrado, C.; Arbor G, A.; Bozzo, R.; Larcher, A.; Menossi, C.; Sajaroff, P. [Autoridad Regulatoria Nuclear, Libertador 8250, Buenos Aires (Argentina)]. e-mail: cterrado@sede.arn.gov.ar

    2006-07-01

    The Argentine Republic has extensive antecedents in education and training in radiological protection. From the beginning of the nuclear activity in the country was given preponderance to the aspects related with the radiological protection and the personnel's training involved in the employment of ionizing radiations. At the present time these educational activities already overcome the 50 years, there being accumulated a rich and important experience in the matter. In the country the organisms that have assigned by law the responsibility of the regulation and the control of practice them with ionizing radiations are the Nuclear Regulatory Authority and the Ministry of Health and Atmosphere of the Nation. The first one has the mission of protecting people of the noxious effects of the ionizing radiations derived of nuclear activities, the second is in charge of the control of the equipment dedicated specifically to generate X-rays. This includes the responsibility of elaborating, to emit and to make complete the regulations, standards and other corresponding requirements, in particular - in the mark of the present work - regarding to establish demands and to promote education activities and training in radiological protection. The sure use of the benefits that offers the nuclear development in its diverse applications implies to overturn resources, experience and dedication for the personnel's training. In that sense the Argentina has committed recently to undertake the necessary actions to constitute a Regional Center of Education and Training for Latin America and the Caribbean, taking advantage of the important experience obtained in more of 25 years of imparting graduate degree courses in radiological protection and nuclear safety with inter regional and regional character. With that purpose a process of self evaluation has begun (self appraisal), following the limits settled down by the International Atomic Energy Agency in the document &apos

  5. Psychology Publication Issues in the Czech Republic

    OpenAIRE

    JOSEF ŠVANCARA

    2009-01-01

    The aim of this paper is to present the current situation and the view of psychology publication policy in Czech Republic. The presentation provided a platform for discussion. It summarized sixth-century progress in the development of scientific language. The current publication situation in Psychology in the Czech Republic was described. The present article reports on the journals: Czechoslovak Psychology (Prague) in comparison with the journal Studia psychologica (Bratislava), about their i...

  6. Waste management in the Czech Republic

    OpenAIRE

    Houšková, Alice

    2014-01-01

    The key theme of this Bachelor thesis is to waste management in the Czech Republic. First, the basic concepts are defined and valid legislation, summarized the issue of waste management in the Czech Republic, including waste management and its different activities. It is also characterized by the Ústí region, including waste management and waste management plan. In the practical part are evaluated by interview investigation oriented to two important companies of the Ústí region engaged in the...

  7. Renewable energy support in Republic of Macedonia

    OpenAIRE

    Minovski, Dragan; Sarac, Vasilija; Bozinovski, Goran

    2013-01-01

    Republic of Macedonia is, highly dependent on energy commodities import. Apart the whole consumption of natural gas and oil, 30% from the total annual consumption of electrical energy is from import. In order to increase electrical energy production from RES Government of the Republic of Macedonia, together with Energy Regulatory Commission and Energy Agency brought new Energy Law and new regulations for renewable energy sources. For the different type of renewable energy source is determinat...

  8. Agritourism business in the Czech Republic

    OpenAIRE

    Marie Pourová

    1999-01-01

    The article deals with possibilities and problems of agritourism development in the Czech Republic from the viewpoint of local authorities. The survey indicates that agritourism is at the beginning of its development in the Czech Republic and is accompanied with difficulties. The interest in agritourism development is identified in North-Moravian region, where the unemployment rate is the highest, then in South-Bohemian, South-Mora via n and East-Bohemian regions. Conditions tor agritourism a...

  9. Export policy of the Czech Republic

    OpenAIRE

    Tomišková, Dominika

    2009-01-01

    This thesis focuses on the export policy of the Czech Republic. It describes the Export strategy of the Czech Republic for 2012--2020 and covers a number of institutions that currently support Czech exporters. The thesis includes a review of the export policy of Slovakia and its comparison with the current Czech export policy. In conclusion, pros and cons of the Czech export policy are highlighted. There are also suggestions to improve the Czech export support in the future.

  10. Protecting and Enlarging the Digital Republic

    OpenAIRE

    David Bollier

    2009-01-01

    The Internet and various digital technologies are enabling the rise of the "Digital Republic," a new trans-national global culture that is based on principles of openness, participation, and decentralised control. A sprawling federation of digital tribes, from hackers and Wikipedians to artists using Creative Commons licenses and academics managing their own open-access journals, is creating their own "sharing economy" based on self-organized virtual commons. If the Digital Republic is going ...

  11. Private banking in the Czech Republic

    OpenAIRE

    Palička, Ondřej

    2014-01-01

    The main goal of this thesis is to compare private banking of two selected institutions in the Czech Republic from the perspective of client segmentation, investment products, client approach, private bankers and premium services. Bibliographic research summerizes history of private banking in the Czech Republic and in the world and gives an overview of the main differences between retail banking and private banking. Alongside defines client segmentation in private banking, describes a pri...

  12. Youth Labour Flows and Unemployment in Great Recession: Comparing Spain and the Czech Republic

    OpenAIRE

    Flek Vladislav; Mysíková Martina

    2015-01-01

    Using Spain and the Czech Republic as examples of two EU countries with different labour market performance, we apply a gross flow analysis based on EU-SILC longitudinal data. We find that while in Spain the increases in youth unemployment are driven mostly by young people who lose their jobs, in the Czech Republic, this is mainly due to new labour market entrants who failed to find a job. The analysis of flow transition rates suggests that youth labour markets with enormously high unemployme...

  13. Road Tax in the Czech Republic during the Period 1993 – 2011

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ANDRLÍK

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available The paper provides descriptive analysis of the road tax performance in the CR in connection to relevant legal amendments to the Act No. 16/1993 Coll. Data on road tax from 1993 to 2011 were used in this analysis and are available from the Ministry of Finance of the Czech Republic. Road tax in the Czech Republic represents only a small part of the total tax revenue and its collection provides insufficient funds for maintenance and development of road infrastructure in the Czech Republic. Road tax collection is expected to grow in the future as a result of ongoing replacement and modernization of vehicle fleet, growing number of vehicles, strengthening of environmental aspects of taxes and internalisation of costs of transport.

  14. Thermal evolution of inverted basins: Constraints from apatite fission track thermochronology in the Cuyo Basin, Argentine Precordillera

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Apatite fission track thermochronology (AFTT) was applied to derive the thermal history of formation and inversion of the oil-bearing Triassic-Cretaceous Cuyo Basin, Argentine Precordillera. The obtained central fission track ages range from 13 to 163Ma, and the mean track lengths from 8.2 to 13.1μm. Based on the integration of AFTT, stratigraphic and structural data, five evolutionary phases are here proposed for the studied area: I-Late Permian cooling related to the extrusion of basement volcanics, and initial extensional regime responsible for the Cuyo Basin formation, II-Triassic-Jurassic heating linked with the filling, and consequent burial, of the Cuyo Basin, III-Jurassic-Paleogene tectonic stabilization, IV-Early Miocene heating related to the load of foreland sedimentation, V-Late Miocene rapid cooling related to the Cuyo Basin inversion. During the Late Miocene, rock units formed in different crustal levels were juxtaposed through thrust, reverse and normal faulting, resulting in contrasting old and very young central fission track ages in closely spaced samples

  15. Les corps disparus. La fictionnalisation de la guerre sale dans l’Argentine de la dictature militaire (1976-1983

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jordi Bonells

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available À travers l’analyse de certains romans en langue espagnole sur la dictature militaire en Argentine (1976-1983, l’auteur aborde la question de la disparition comme réalité historique et comme thème littéraire à travers une double approche : analyser l’intentionnalité qui porte ces récits sur le « Proceso » ; rendre compte des mécanismes qui régissent ce que l’on peut appeler la « mise en dictature du roman ».A través del análisis de algunas novelas en lengua española sobre la dictadura militar en Argentina (1976-1983, el autor aborda la cuestión de la desaparición como realidad histórica y como tema literario a partir de un doble enfoque: analizar la intencionalidad subyacente de dichos relatos sobre el Proceso; dar cuenta de los mecanismos que regulan lo que podemos denominar «la novela en dictadura».

  16. Situation Report--Barbados, Finland, German Democratic Republic, Italy, Lesotho, Luxembourg, Malagasy Republic (Madagascar), Malaysia (West), Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Singapore, Sweden, Syrian Arab Republic, and Yugoslavia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    International Planned Parenthood Federation, London (England).

    Data relating to population and family planning in 15 foreign countries are presented in these situation reports. Countries included are Barbados, Finland, German Democratic Republic, Italy, Lesotho, Luxembourg, Malagasy Republic, Malaysia (West), Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Singapore, Sweden, Syrian Arab Republic, and Yogoslavia. Information…

  17. Koncept společenské odpovědnosti v podniku Iveco Czech Republic, a. s.

    OpenAIRE

    Kličková, Adéla

    2015-01-01

    Kličková A., Concept of corporate social responsibility in company Iveco Czech republic, Ltd.. Brno: Mendel University, 2015. This bachelor thesis deals with the issue of corporate social responsibility. Corpo-rate social responsibility is the value of responsibility of companies for their im-pacts on society and is based on voluntary commitment. The aim of thesis is based on business analysis devise and appropriate strategy for the company Iveco Czech Republic, Ltd. in CSR. The result is an ...

  18. Republic of Korea: Ingestion study

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The samples of one day total diet of an adult Korean, based on the food intake data survey of 108 healthy subjects in the age range 20-50 a were prepared in typical Korean style for the intake study. The sampling was based on market basket concept. In all, five samples of total cooked diet were prepared. The samples were thoroughly mixed in a mixer blender fitted with Titanium coated blade and 20% of it was drawn from the lot for freeze drying. The analytical methods used for Cs, U, Th, Sr, I were a combination of INAA, RNAA as well as ICP-MS. For the determination of Ca, Cs, K, Sr and Zn, INAA/ICP-MS were employed and the rest of elements were analysed using both RNAA and ICPMS. Four most commonly consumed foodstuffs in the Republic of Korea, namely Kimchi, fish, pork and beef combination were also analysed to determine their contribution to the daily elemental intakes. However, the four commonly consumed foodstuffs from Korea did not represent the total intake in terms of the major or micronutrients. The data inputs from these food materials were therefore not considered for the Asian diet. They however represent important sources of trace element intakes in Korean diet and this information will be included in another technical document to be prepared at the IAEA with compilation of final country reports on the CRP from all the participating countries

  19. The People's Republic of China

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Concern about the proliferation of nuclear weapons has undergone a perceptible shift in focus. As the contributions to this book attest, we are placing more emphasis on the multiplication of sources for weapons-related materials and technology, the growth of sophisticated industrial and engineering capabilities in threshold states, and the condition of latent---or potential---proliferation they can create. A cardinal feature of this picture is the role played by new suppliers in the nuclear marketplace who offer a variety of materials, equipment, and services that cover an impressive span of the fuel cycle. Most prominent among them is the People's Republic of China. China is in the forefront of our attention for several notable reasons. It is, for one thing, a weapons state possessing a significant nuclear force comprising hundreds of warheads and a formidable array of delivery systems (including ballistic missiles and nuclear submarines). The size and composition of its forces bespeaks a sophisticated set of resource, engineering, and manufacturing capabilities covering uranium processing and enrichment, heavy water, fuel fabrication, warhead design, plutonium reprocessing, and nuclear waste management. This formidable military program, dating back to the 1950s, has endowed the PRC with extensive experience in nearly all facets of nuclear operations and management

  20. Drinking water purification from uranium in the Czech Republic

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The following topics are described: Analysis of legal (hygienic) requirements for drinking water treatment technologies with focus on uranium removal; Technological drinking water treatment processes; State Office for Nuclear Safety requirements for operation of equipment for uranium removal from drinking water and for handling saturated sorbents emerging from the process ; Material requirements for the use of ionex filters for uranium separation from drinking water; and Technologies which are usable/used for drinking water purification from uranium in the Czech Republic. (P.A.)