WorldWideScience

Sample records for architects

  1. Kindergarten Architects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sturdevant, Alexandria

    2008-01-01

    In this article, the author shares a lesson on architecture she introduced to her kindergarten students. Using wooden blocks as materials, she showed her students how to take on the role of an architect and create their own buildings. This project was beneficial to all students in that they learned to think flexibly and realized that the designs…

  2. Being Architect

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2016-01-01

    Being Architect The film relates to an ongoing collaboration between ´Resilient Vejle´ and Aarhus School of Architecture. It is based on a participatory workshop with Bachelor students in December 2015, where the former ticket hall of the station was transformed into a temporary and on site design...

  3. Sencha Architect app development

    CERN Document Server

    Groner, Loiane

    2013-01-01

    A standard tutorial-based approach for using Sencha Architect to develop applications in Ext JS and Sencha Touch.Sencha Architect App Development is for Ext JS and Sencha Touch developers that are looking to improve their productivity by using Sencha Architect for app development. Basic knowledge of Ext JS and Sencha Touch is required.

  4. Smart Cities need architects

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Architects and urban planners have always been at the forefront of technical and social innovation processes, researching and proposing new urban models and buildings based on cognitive materials from both their own and other fields of knowledge. In fact, current society, including our ways of life and habits, could not be comprehended without the open, curious minds and progressive even defiant attitudes of architects such as Brunelleschi, Violletle- Duc, Perret, Le Corbusier and Fuller, who defied the threshold of conceptual and vital convention and staked everything on exploring and applying the characteristic technological breakthroughs of their day to architecture and the design of cities. (Author)

  5. Architected Cellular Materials

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schaedler, Tobias A.; Carter, William B.

    2016-07-01

    Additive manufacturing enables fabrication of materials with intricate cellular architecture, whereby progress in 3D printing techniques is increasing the possible configurations of voids and solids ad infinitum. Examples are microlattices with graded porosity and truss structures optimized for specific loading conditions. The cellular architecture determines the mechanical properties and density of these materials and can influence a wide range of other properties, e.g., acoustic, thermal, and biological properties. By combining optimized cellular architectures with high-performance metals and ceramics, several lightweight materials that exhibit strength and stiffness previously unachievable at low densities were recently demonstrated. This review introduces the field of architected materials; summarizes the most common fabrication methods, with an emphasis on additive manufacturing; and discusses recent progress in the development of architected materials. The review also discusses important applications, including lightweight structures, energy absorption, metamaterials, thermal management, and bioscaffolds.

  6. The architects house

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Welling, Helen

    2007-01-01

    The architects house is an article on Edward Heiberg's own house built in 1924. Edward Heiberg was a strong advocate of functionalism, and of the notion that hitherto individualistic and emotional architecture should be replaced by an objective function-based architecture with dwellings...... for everyone. In 1924 he designed a house for himself and his family: one of the first examples of functionalism in Denmark....

  7. Architects and Materials

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kruse Aagaard, Anders

    2015-01-01

    . One of the reasons the digital drawing has become essential is clearly because of the level of interchange and versatility it provides. However, this is also where much capacity is still left unexplored and unused. Digital material has enormous potential to intermingle with the world, in which we live...... and for which architecture is created. Through the interface of digital drawing, data can feed into digital production, linking the architect directly to the materials. Drawing can morph directly into materialisation instead of representation....

  8. The architect Kha's protractor

    CERN Document Server

    Sparavigna, Amelia Carolina

    2011-01-01

    Kha was an architect at Deir El-Medina, Egypt, supervisor of some projects completed during the reigns of three kings of the 18th Dynasty (approximately 1440-1350 BC). Buried with his wife Merit, the items of their tomb are exposed at the Egyptian Museum, Torino. After a description of some devices of the ancient Egypt masonry (cubits, cords, plumb, levels and squares), that Kha used during his activity, I discuss an object among those found in his tomb, which, in my opinion, could be used a protractor.

  9. Architects, Bandits and Knights

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Konstantin Lidin

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available Some quotations: «A new disaster has been added to pollution of the unique lake–it is cottage development of the coast». «The trouble is that the projects are realized without even being seen by architectural society. Including the objects on the coast of Lake Baikal. We took Sergey Kiselev to see one of such objects, it was a halfcompleted building. Like other Moscow colleagues he admitted that it was an obviously conceited excess. In general almost every object recently built in Listvyanka represents a burst of excess… What is happening here with architecture and urban planning is absolutely inadmissible».«Current capital development at Lake Baikal visually pollutes the coast, bringing alien elements to the landscape and view (for example, the cottages of pseudorussian style and cabin cars».Acting as a client of architectural and design project Russian mafia has a number of individual characteristics.Firstly, an ordinary businessman is childishly confident that the architect's (or designer's work is a very interesting and fascinating stuff. He believes that this work gives lots of pleasure and entirely consists of creative discoveries and triumph.By the way already ancient Greeks considered creativity to be a sort of Eros. So the mafia client is eager to take part in such a pleasant thing. In spite of expressing his wishes clearly and giving the way to the professional, the client strives for being both a participant and a coauthor of the project. At best he is constantly bothering the architect with many pieces of advice and «valuable suggestions ». At worst the project, which is already finished, approved and even paid, is altered by the client during the process of its realization, while the author is not even informed about it. The building completed, the shocked architect sees a monster that has arisen from his project as a result of «the editing».Secondly, any typical Mafioso finds it very important to persistently exhibit

  10. Tianjin Architects & Consulting Engineers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    Tianjin Architects& Consulting Engineers (TACE), established in 1952,is the largest integrated architectural design institutein Tianjian. TACE has five A-Class certificates issued by the Ministry of Construction in areas such as engineering design, and it is rated as one of the top 100 exploration and design companies in China.

  11. De controller als choice architect

    OpenAIRE

    Maas, Victor

    2012-01-01

    textabstractManagement accountants are choice architects: they provide information that is used in managerial decision making and they have considerable influence on the monetary and non-monetary incentives that drive managers’ decision-making processes. Over the past two decades, our know - ledge of how people make economic decisions has increased tremendously. However, this has had only very little impact on the design of management accounting and control systems in organizations. Consequen...

  12. Quantum Computing for Computer Architects

    CERN Document Server

    Metodi, Tzvetan

    2011-01-01

    Quantum computers can (in theory) solve certain problems far faster than a classical computer running any known classical algorithm. While existing technologies for building quantum computers are in their infancy, it is not too early to consider their scalability and reliability in the context of the design of large-scale quantum computers. To architect such systems, one must understand what it takes to design and model a balanced, fault-tolerant quantum computer architecture. The goal of this lecture is to provide architectural abstractions for the design of a quantum computer and to explore

  13. The Education of the Architects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudio Sgarbi

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available A wide spectrum of tools, instruments, devices, apparatus, machines, prostheses, systems and technologies are available for every architect in the “western civilized world”. Some of the items in the spectrum are archaic like pencils while other are brand new like 3d printers or quantum computing. The bodies of the architects are transforming too. Many consolidated habits are changing very quickly: we do not draw as much as we were used to do in the recent past, we copy/paste more than writing, we think in a strange way, we travel a lot in different directions, we are exposed to a vertiginous amount of information, we are obsessed by our own waste we cannot avoid to produce and we do a lot of things in a state of permanent anxiety as if everything around us was in a state of threatening scarcity.The title of this issue of “IN_BO. Ricerche e progetti per il territorio, la città e l’architettura” is pretentious but its contents are simply honest. They demonstrate different attempts made by very different teachers and students to fathom the territory of public space from different directions.

  14. The Changing Role of the Enterprise Architect

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gøtze, John

    2013-01-01

    Enterprise architecture is practiced in different ways, and there are different types of enterprise architects with quite different roles. This paper looks closer at the role of enterprise architects and the importance of the enterprise architects’ understanding of boundary issues in their practice...

  15. QUELLINUS SCHOOL AND ARCHITECT COSMAN CITROEN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SANTOSO Joko Triwinarto

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This article describes the Quellinus School in Amsterdam where the Dutch architect Cosman Citroen (1881-1935, an advisory architect of the Municipality of Surabaya, studied architecture. It starts from the origin of the school in 1876 until around 1904. From the analysis, it can be identified the teachers who trained him and what subjects he learned during his study.

  16. SharePoint 2010 Enterprise Architect's Guidebook

    CERN Document Server

    Wilson, Brian; Baer, Bill; Kearn, Martin; Shah, Arpan; Adams, Jim; Bridport, Nigel; Esperanca, Huge; Gideon, Chris; Hassani, Sam; Hodgkinson, Neil; Juvonen, Vesa; Kleven, Scott; Morrish, Ian; Olenick, Paul; Ranlett, Matt; Voskresenskaya, Natalya; Walker, Simon; Whitehead, Chris

    2012-01-01

    Tips and techniques for becoming a successful SharePoint architect If you're eager to design and architect a successful deployment of SharePoint 2010, then this is the book for you. Packed with real-world experiences and solid processes, this guidebook provides you with everything you need to perform for designing and architecting enterprise portal services. Helpful examples examine the common design issues affecting SharePoint 2010 environments that can cause deployments to fail so you can learn what to avoid. Plus, key development and deployment issues are covered from an architecture perspe

  17. PostgreSQL for data architects

    CERN Document Server

    Maymala, Jayadevan

    2015-01-01

    This book is for developers and data architects who have some exposure to databases. It is assumed that you understand the basic concepts of tables and common database objects, including privileges and security.

  18. Simplified engineering for architects and builders

    CERN Document Server

    Ambrose, James

    2010-01-01

    The classic reference for structural design and construction-completely revised and updated Approaching its eighth decade as the industry leader, Simplified Engineering for Architects and Builders remains the reference of choice for designers and constructors. This new Eleventh Edition is thoroughly revised and updated to reflect the latest practices in the design of structures. Long considered a standard in the field, this perennial bestseller provides a clear, accessible presentation of the engineering information that is essential for architects and builders. Offeri

  19. Decadal opportunities for space architects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sherwood, Brent

    2012-12-01

    A significant challenge for the new field of space architecture is the dearth of project opportunities. Yet every year more young professionals express interest to enter the field. This paper derives projections that bound the number, type, and range of global development opportunities that may be reasonably expected over the next few decades for human space flight (HSF) systems so those interested in the field can benchmark their goals. Four categories of HSF activity are described: human Exploration of solar system bodies; human Servicing of space-based assets; large-scale development of space Resources; and Breakout of self-sustaining human societies into the solar system. A progressive sequence of capabilities for each category starts with its earliest feasible missions and leads toward its full expression. The four sequences are compared in scale, distance from Earth, and readiness. Scenarios hybridize the most synergistic features from the four sequences for comparison to status quo, government-funded HSF program plans. Finally qualitative, decadal, order-of-magnitude estimates are derived for system development needs, and hence opportunities for space architects. Government investment towards human planetary exploration is the weakest generator of space architecture work. Conversely, the strongest generator is a combination of three market drivers: (1) commercial passenger travel in low Earth orbit; (2) in parallel, government extension of HSF capability to GEO; both followed by (3) scale-up demonstration of end-to-end solar power satellites in GEO. The rich end of this scale affords space architecture opportunities which are more diverse, complex, large-scale, and sociologically challenging than traditional exploration vehicle cabins and habitats.

  20. Educators, Architects and the Tower of Babel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elhanini, Aba

    Architects need to understand sociology, psychology, philosophy, education, and many other fields in order to plan professional buildings. To illustrate this point, a distinction is drawn between teaching (imparting factual knowledge) and educating (imparting general understanding or basic appreciation of the subjects studied and applying this…

  1. Hugh Maaskant : architect van de vooruitgang

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Provoost, M.

    2003-01-01

    Hugh Maaskant (1907–1977) is best known as the architect who made the biggest mark on the post-war reconstruction of Rotterdam with such buildings as the Groothandelsgebouw, the Hilton Hotel and the Lijnbaan flats. Beginning his career in 1937 as the partner of Willem van Tijen, Maaskant embarked on

  2. Anticipatory Socialisation amongst Architects: A Qualitative Examination

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sang, Katherine; Ison, Stephen; Dainty, Andrew; Powell, Abigail

    2009-01-01

    Purpose: Those entering the architectural profession tend to be motivated by a desire to undertake creative design, although studies have revealed that many practicing architects feel they lack sufficient creative opportunities. Proponents of anticipatory socialisation argue that experiences prior to entering an occupation influence job…

  3. Learning to be an information architect

    OpenAIRE

    Wusteman, Judith

    2013-01-01

    This article describes a recently introduced module at University College Dublin School of Information and Library Studies (SILS), entitled Information Architecture: Designing the Web. The module provides students with a realistic experience of how information architects apply their skills to produce usable web sites, via a project to produce a documented Virtual Research Environment for information architecture researchers. The article discusses the importance of both...

  4. The Java EE architect's handbook how to be a successful application architect for Java EE applications

    CERN Document Server

    Ashmore, Derek C.

    2014-01-01

    This handbook is a concise guide to assuming the role of application architect for Java EE applications. This handbook will guide the application architect through the entire Java EE project including identifying business requirements, performing use-case analysis, object and data modeling, and guiding a development team during construction. This handbook will provide tips and techniques for communicating with project managers and management. This handbook will provide strategies for making your application easier and less costly to support. Whether you are about to architect your first Java EE application or are looking for ways to keep your projects on-time and on-budget, you will refer to this handbook again and again.

  5. Towards a Sustainable aesthetics. Architects constructing energy efficient buildings

    OpenAIRE

    Ryghaug, Marianne

    2003-01-01

    The project is a study of the role architects play in the design of buildings in relation to the buildings’ energy standard. Prior research indicates that architects have a key function, as they will often act as co-ordinators in the designing process of a building project. At the same time the profession is traditionally strongly oriented towards form and aesthetics. The project tries to examine the following set of questions: -What view do architects have on energy and environmental issues ...

  6. CAAD and Conceptual Design Collaboration between Architects and Structural Engineers

    OpenAIRE

    Luyten, Laurens

    2015-01-01

    Architectural design benefits from a design collaboration between architect and engineers that starts early in the design process. This paper presents a proposal for a new structural language developed to support an early design collaboration between architect and structural engineer. This language expresses the essential characteristics of the conceptual design of the structural engineer, and requires a limited amount of structural engineering knowledge for the architect to comprehend. The l...

  7. Hugh Maaskant: architect van de vooruitgang

    OpenAIRE

    Provoost, M.

    2003-01-01

    Hugh Maaskant (1907–1977) is best known as the architect who made the biggest mark on the post-war reconstruction of Rotterdam with such buildings as the Groothandelsgebouw, the Hilton Hotel and the Lijnbaan flats. Beginning his career in 1937 as the partner of Willem van Tijen, Maaskant embarked on his most prolific period after establishing an independent practice in 1955. He produced the lion’s share of his work in the 1950s and ’60s, the very period architectural critics generally regard ...

  8. 76 FR 20351 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; Information Collection; Architect-Engineer Qualifications (SF 330)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-12

    ... Regulation; Information Collection; Architect-Engineer Qualifications (SF 330) AGENCIES: Department of... the Architect-Engineer Qualifications form (SF 330). Public comments are particularly invited on..., Architect-Engineer Qualifications (SF 330), in all correspondence. Dated: April 4, 2011. Millisa...

  9. A Conversation with Erickson and Massey, SFU Architects

    OpenAIRE

    Simon Fraser University Retirees Association; Erickson, Arthur; Massey, Geoffrey

    2006-01-01

    An interview with Arthur Erickson and Geoffrey Massey, the original architects of Simon Fraser University. The two architects discuss the planning, design and implementation of their architectural plan for the original buildings of Simon Fraser University in response to questions from the Simon Fraser University Retirees Association.

  10. Towards a sustainable aesthetics. Architects constructing energy efficient buildings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ryghaug, Marianne

    2002-07-01

    This interdisciplinary study discusses challenges in energy economising in Norway as they involve the architect profession and their role in affecting the energy standard in buildings. The main research question is separated into two component research questions. The first is to analyse how the reality orientation of the architect profession is constituted and maintained, and how this in turn influences their values in connection to energy related decisions. How is the architects' professional role conception reflected in the educational system and architect journals, and how is it expressed among the 'green outsiders' of the profession? The second component research question is related to decision-making processes regarding design processes, particularly concerning energy in buildings and the role played by the architects in these processes as they interact with other actors and within institutional frames.

  11. Women Architects: History of Professional Education and Practice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Violeta Lakštauskienė

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available The article focuses on the development of activities performed by women architects in Lithuania. For a broader understanding of the object of study, the author also analysed analogous processes that took place in the US and Europe. This paper presents an overview of creative work and achievements of significant female architects. The purpose of this historical analysis of women in architecture is to introduce the first female architects in the US, Europe and Lithuania and to determine formation and development of women in architectural education, professional practice and their recognition.

  12. Noted Spanish architect to give lecture October 3

    OpenAIRE

    Chadwick, Heather Riley

    2007-01-01

    Award-winning architect Cesar Ruiz-Larrea Cangas, principal of Ruiz-Larrea and Associates, in Madrid, Spain, will discuss "Contemporary Architecture in Spain" on Wednesday, Oct. 3, at 7 p.m. in Hancock Hall.

  13. The Death and the Tomb of the Architect

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudio Sgarbi

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this contribution is to discuss the funerary architecture of the body of the architect in its moment of transition between the space of the living to the space of the dead and in its more or less eternal final destination. The encompassing cemetery of those who design cemeteries for everybody else is fragmented in a myriad of differences and loci. Yet this space has its symbols and its imaginary. Who is the architect who designs the cemetery for all the others, and how does she/he see her/his own death and tomb? The ambition of this paper is to violate the intimate space of the “last desires” of the architect. Are there some expectations, some commonplaces, some appropriate or shared intents that might give to the architect a specific dignity in relation to the dignity we imagine for the death of the others?

  14. Multisite Analytical Evaluation of the Abbott ARCHITECT Cyclosporine Assay.

    OpenAIRE

    Wallemacq, Pierre; Maine, Gregory,; Berg, Keith; Rosiere, Thomas; Marquet, Pierre; Aimo, Giuseppe; Mengozzi, Giulio; Young, Juliana; Wonigert, Kurt; Krestchmer, Robert; Wermuth, Bendicht; Schmid, Rainer,

    2010-01-01

    International audience The objective of this study was to evaluate the analytical performance of the Abbott ARCHITECT Cyclosporine (CsA) immunoassay in 7 clinical laboratories in comparison to liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry (LC/MS/MS), Abbott TDx, Cobas Integra 800, and the Dade Dimension Xpand immunoassay. The ARCHITECT assay uses a whole blood specimen, a pretreatment step with organic reagents to precipitate proteins and extract the drug, followed by a 2-step automated i...

  15. The power of landscape: the power of the landscape architect

    OpenAIRE

    Kotzen, Benz

    2012-01-01

    This paper discusses three aspects of power. Firstly the power of landscape architects to influence projects. LA’s are often seen to be ‘at the bottom of the food chain’ when it comes to large scale development and design matters. However, my experience working with Arup International on some of the largest development projects in Europe such as Stratford City illustrates that landscape architects can have enormous power in the decision making process and the impact of development regarding l...

  16. The Architect as Producer: Hannes Meyer and the Proletarianisation of the Western Architect

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amir Djalali

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available With the foundation of the Bauhaus, Walter Gropius advocated an end to the division between arts and crafts. Contrary to the idea of architecture as art, the programme of the school aimed to assimilate architecture with industry in order to satisfy collective social needs. Yet, despite this programmatic declaration, such a project was realised only after Gropius’ departure from the Bauhaus, under the controversial directorship (1927–1930 of the Swiss architect Hannes Meyer. Meyer achieved unprecedented success both in terms of academic production and financial performance. Yet his realisations were paralleled by the leftist radicalisation of the school’s politics: Meyer transformed the workshops into factory production units and the students into industrial workers. Eventually, the politicisation of the school cost Meyer his office and a negative reputation in historical records that still holds today. This article posits that Meyer achieved his success at the Bauhaus not despite his radical allegiance, but precisely because of it. The realism of Meyer’s strategy is evaluated through his capacity to anticipate many developments in the organisation of architectural production. In particular, his critique of intellectual labour in architecture is confronted with the contemporary proletarisation of architects in the Western world.

  17. Architects and Acousticians: are they able to understand each other?

    OpenAIRE

    MUCKENHIRN, Alicia

    2012-01-01

    International audience Good architectural projects need a suitable understanding between the various members of the design team. But can really people as different as an architect and an acoustician reach such an understanding? One is mainly concerned with the appearance of the building (and what it costs too!), while the other one usually happens to be concerned with plenty of non visible items. Does it mean that as long as it does not interfere with the architect’s vision of space, it’s ...

  18. WHEN CELEBRITY DESTROYS ARTISTIC REPUTATION: THE CASE OF FRENCH ARCHITECTS

    OpenAIRE

    Boutinot, Amélie; Mangematin, Vincent; Joly, Iragaël

    2010-01-01

    This paper suggests understanding better the debate between reputation and celebrity, by analyzing how various types of reputations can combine (or not) to achieve celebrity. Based on a quantitative analysis of the most reputed French architects, we contribute to the reputation and celebrity literatures.

  19. 48 CFR 36.605 - Government cost estimate for architect-engineer work.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Government cost estimate... Architect-Engineer Services 36.605 Government cost estimate for architect-engineer work. (a) An independent Government estimate of the cost of architect-engineer services shall be prepared and furnished to...

  20. 48 CFR 1336.605 - Government cost estimate for architect-engineer work.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Government cost estimate for architect-engineer work. 1336.605 Section 1336.605 Federal Acquisition Regulations System... Architect-Engineer Services 1336.605 Government cost estimate for architect-engineer work. After award,...

  1. 48 CFR 736.605 - Government cost estimate for architect-engineer work.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Government cost estimate for architect-engineer work. 736.605 Section 736.605 Federal Acquisition Regulations System AGENCY FOR... Architect-Engineer Services 736.605 Government cost estimate for architect-engineer work. See 736.602-3(c)(5)....

  2. An architect's perspective on contemporary academic library design.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foote, S M

    1995-07-01

    The making of space and place (architecture) requires cultural and financial consent as to societal value. Standards and values about the academic library of the immediate future are not always shared by librarians and architects; however, architects and librarians do possess several shared perceptions. Among these shared perceptions are that print collections will remain a primary function of libraries for the foreseeable future, flexibility in shelving arrangements are essential, adjacencies must be fluid, floor-to-floor heights should be generous, compact shelving has become commonplace, print and electronic media must coexist, and technology has not reduced library space requirements. Experience reinforces the continuing and increasing significance of the library on college and university campuses.

  3. 04511 Abstracts Collection -- Architecting Systems with Trustworthy Components

    OpenAIRE

    Reussner, Ralf; Stafford, Judith; Szyperski, Clemens A.

    2006-01-01

    From 12.12.04 to 17.12.04, the Dagstuhl Seminar 04511 ``Architecting Systems with Trustworthy Components'' was held in the International Conference and Research Center (IBFI), Schloss Dagstuhl. During the seminar, several participants presented their current research, and ongoing work and open problems were discussed. Abstracts of the presentations given during the seminar as well as abstracts of seminar results and ideas are put together in this paper. The first section descri...

  4. Ayn Rand, Alberti and the Authorial Figure of the Architect

    OpenAIRE

    Trachtenberg, Marvin

    2011-01-01

    Although the history of literary authorship has been deeply studied, the concept of architect-as-author is now so thoroughly naturalized that its historical contingency is rarely grasped; nor are its origins clearly understood. Its inception can be identified, however, in the very milieu from which the auctor of letters emerged. Perhaps not surprisingly, the architectural author was invented, defined, and promoted by Leon Battista Alberti in De re aedificatoria (ca. 1450) as a displacement ...

  5. Wu Liangyong: The Humanistic Architect of Our Timc

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    By XIN Ling (Staff Reporter)

    2012-01-01

    In the glow of the rising sun, a white-haired elder is slowly pushing a cart stuffed with books and walking across the campus of Tsinghua University towards his office. He is bowed with age, but his steps are steady and firm. His wrinkled face shines to tell a man of vigor and vision. He is Prof. WU Liangyong, a distinguished architect, city planner and educator, Senior Member of CAS and CAE,

  6. The role of architect in interdisciplinary collaborative design studios

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anja Jutraž

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Architectural design is a complex process involving different actors. While studying architecture, students usually work alone, and they do not have many opportunities to collaborate with other professions. Consequently, they end up lacking the knowledge regarding other professions, as well as regarding communic42ation and collaboration with other professionals. They become too proud of themselves, which eventually prevents them from engaging in active collaboration and accepting compromises. Furthermore, it is essential for their future professional careers that architects collaborate with other professions, adopt their ideas and requirements. Such collaboration is recommended from the early stages of the design process onwards. The main focus of this article is to determine the importance of interdisciplinary collaboration in architecture projects through the process of studying architecture, the role of the architect within this process, and the manner in which decisions are usually made within an interdisciplinary team. The following research is based on the AEC Global Teamwork Course, which took place during school years 2011/2012, 2012/2013 and 2013/2014, 2013 at Stanford University under the leadership of Prof. Dr. Renate Fruchter. Students from all around the world worked together on an architectural project from its initial stages. They met twice only: at the beginning and at the end of the project, otherwise they worked on a virtual basis, using different digital tools intended for long-distance interdisciplinary collaboration. There were three case studies examined for the purposes of this article in which the main focus was placed on architects, more specifically on the challenges and the problems they were facing, the knowledge architects gained through interdisciplinary collaboration, and lessons learned in such a course that could help them with their professional careers.

  7. Architecting Brands: Managerial Process and Control for Emerging Enterprises

    OpenAIRE

    Rajagopal

    2006-01-01

    The paper discusses the relevance of hierarchy of brands, and the role of brand audit to manage the brand portfolio of a firm emerging in competitive business arena. The discussion in the paper also delineates the steps involved in architecting a brand in a firm from the managerial perspective. The value of corporate brand endorsement across different products and product lines, and at lower levels of the brand hierarchy also needs to be assessed. Use of corporate brand endorsement either as ...

  8. Architects' perspectives on construction waste reduction by design

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The construction, demolition and excavation waste arising in England was estimated at 91 million tonnes in 2003. The current thinking on construction waste minimisation is heavily focussed on several issues relating to physical construction waste and recycling guides. Indeed, much had been published on ways to improve on-site waste management and recycling activities but very few attempts made to address the effect of design practices on waste generation. However, there is a consensus in the literature that the architect has a decisive role to play in helping to reduce waste by focussing on designing out waste. This paper examines previous studies on architects' approach towards construction waste minimisation; and by means of a postal questionnaire, investigates: the origins of waste; waste minimisation design practices in the UK; and responsibilities and barriers within the UK architectural profession. The findings reveal that waste management is not a priority in the design process. Additionally, the architects seemed to take the view that waste is mainly produced during site operations and rarely generated during the design stages; however, about one-third of construction waste could essentially arise from design decisions. Results also indicate that a number of constraints, namely: lack of interest from clients; attitudes towards waste minimisation; and training all act as disincentives to a proactive and sustainable implementation of waste reduction strategies during the design process

  9. ARCHITECT COSMAN CITROEN (1881-1935) Family Background, Arrival to- and Career in Surabaya

    OpenAIRE

    SANTOSO Joko Triwinarto

    2013-01-01

    A Dutch architect Cosman Citroen (1881-1935) was one of the most remarkable architects in the Netherlands Indies. He left his position in Amsterdam and then went to Surabaya to be an advisory architect of the Municipality of Surabaya. During his career in the city, he designed many buildings and constructions so that any discussion about Dutch colonial architecture in the city cannot be separated from his works. This article explains from which family he came, how situation of Surabaya when h...

  10. La « crise invisible » des architectes dans les Trente Glorieuses

    OpenAIRE

    Raynaud, Dominique

    2009-01-01

    French architects professional crisis is often said to result from the impact of two oil crises on the building trade. Several years of prosperity force to change this diagnosis. In spite of recent building records, French architects still claim to exercise a “disaster profession” that can be no more a sign of economic crisis. The two rival hypotheses, economic crisis vs. crisis of legitimacy, are tested during the ‘Trente Glorieuses' prosperous period. Architects' testimonies of these years ...

  11. 3D manufacturing of micro and nano-architected materials

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valdevit, Lorenzo

    2016-04-01

    Reducing mass without sacrificing mechanical integrity and performance is a critical goal in a vast range of applications. Introducing a controlled amount of porosity in a strong and dense material (hence fabricating a cellular solid) is an obvious avenue to weight reduction. The mechanical effectiveness of this strategy, though, depends strongly on the architecture of the resulting cellular material (i.e., the topology of the introduced porosity). Recent progress in additive manufacturing enables fabrication of macro-scale cellular materials (both single-phase and hybrid) with unprecedented dimensional control on the unit-cell and sub-unit-cell features, potentially producing architectures with structural hierarchy from the nano to the macro-scale. As mechanical properties of materials often exhibit beneficial size effects at the nano-scale (e.g., strengthening of metals and toughening of ceramics), these novel manufacturing approaches provide a unique opportunity to translate these beneficial effects to the macro-scale, further improving the mechanical performance of architected materials. The enormous design space for architected materials, and the strong relationship between the topological features of the architecture and the effective physical and mechanical properties of the material at the macro-scale, present both a huge opportunity and an urgent need for the development of suitable optimal design strategies. Here we present a number of strategies for the advanced manufacturing, characterization and optimal design of a variety of lightweight architected materials with unique combinations of mechanical properties (stiffness, strength, damping coefficient…). The urgent need to form strong synergies among the fields of additive manufacturing, topology optimization and architectureproperties relations is emphasized throughout.

  12. Project D.I.R.T.: A landscape architect's excavation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To a landscape architect interested in the creative manipulation of the land, mineral extraction presents a massive load for design exploration. The primary goal of Project D.I.R.T., Design Investigations Reclaiming Terrain, was to unearth the possibilities for renewing the perception of mining as creatively integral with the cultural and natural evolution of the landscape. The potential collaboration and planning inherent in the multidisciplinary task of reclamation became evident on a journey to document selected mining sites around the country. Various coal, gold, copper, and taconite operations visited represent a diversity of regional landscapes with specific mining and reclamation practices. Both active and abandoned mined sites serve as case studies presented from a landscape architect's perspective. Examining the legal, social, and economic factors uncovered the frustrations with the legislation governing reclamation and the financial and ethical dilemmas of future land use for dependent communities. Reviewing the technical and ecological aspects revealed the innovations and progress of reclamation technology, but also limited application of ecological principles. These current practices of mining and reclamation illustrate a need to revise the legislation and coordinate an interdisciplinary effort to form truly productive and sustainable landscapes. Moreover, from this landscape architect's point of view, a synthetic approach guided by a broader vision of mining must lead to the creation of meaningful places that objectively reveal and celebrate the industrial heritage of the landscape. Mined lands can be an expression of a reciprocal connection between communities and individuals with the land one cultivates and all nurture. These monumental landscapes may come to represent a dynamic relationship between culture and nature for the next century

  13. ARCHITECT COSMAN CITROEN (1881-1935 Family Background, Arrival to- and Career in Surabaya

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SANTOSO Joko Triwinarto

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available A Dutch architect Cosman Citroen (1881-1935 was one of the most remarkable architects in the Netherlands Indies. He left his position in Amsterdam and then went to Surabaya to be an advisory architect of the Municipality of Surabaya. During his career in the city, he designed many buildings and constructions so that any discussion about Dutch colonial architecture in the city cannot be separated from his works. This article explains from which family he came, how situation of Surabaya when he arrived, and what his activities other than as the Municipal architect.

  14. On-chip photonic interconnects a computer architect's perspective

    CERN Document Server

    Nitta, Christopher J; Akella, Venkatesh

    2013-01-01

    As the number of cores on a chip continues to climb, architects will need to address both bandwidth and power consumption issues related to the interconnection network. Electrical interconnects are not likely to scale well to a large number of processors for energy efficiency reasons, and the problem is compounded by the fact that there is a fixed total power budget for a die, dictated by the amount of heat that can be dissipated without special (and expensive) cooling and packaging techniques. Thus, there is a need to seek alternatives to electrical signaling for on-chip interconnection appli

  15. 48 CFR 53.236-2 - Architect-engineer services (SF's 252 and 330).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... services (SF's 252 and 330). 53.236-2 Section 53.236-2 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL... services (SF's 252 and 330). The following forms are prescribed for use in contracting for architect-engineer and related services: (a) SF 252 (Rev. 10/83), Architect-Engineer Contract. SF 252 is...

  16. 76 FR 55389 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; Submission for OMB Review; Architect-Engineer Qualifications (SF...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-07

    ... Register at 76 FR 20351, on April 12, 2011. One comment was received. General Comment A respondent... Regulation; Submission for OMB Review; Architect-Engineer Qualifications (SF 330) AGENCIES: Department of... Architect-Engineer Qualifications form (SF 330). Public comments are particularly invited on: Whether...

  17. The Nigerian Institute of Architects' Professional Practice Examination: Conceptions, Misconceptions and the Way Forward

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bobadoye, Sunday A.; Afolami, Adewale J.; Olabode, Ogunmakinde; Aribisala, Emmanuel E.

    2013-01-01

    This study examined the link between the Nigeria Institute of Architects and the Architects Registration Council of Nigeria (ARCON) with respect to the Professional Practice Examinations (PPE). It sought to establish why so many graduates are yet to write the PPE and to identify the perceptions about the examination and the professional…

  18. 48 CFR 436.605 - Government cost estimate for architect-engineer work.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Government cost estimate... Architect-Engineer Service 436.605 Government cost estimate for architect-engineer work. The contracting officer may release the Government's total cost estimate in accordance with FAR 36.605(b)....

  19. Mobile Augmented Reality Support for Architects based on feature Tracking Techniques

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Grønbæk, Kaj; Nielsen, Mikkel Bang; Kramp, Gunnar

    2004-01-01

    This paper presents a mobile Augmented Reality (AR) system called the SitePack supporting architects in visualizing 3D models in real-time on site. We describe how vision based feature tracking techniques can help architects making decisions on site concerning visual impact assessment. The AR...

  20. Mobile Augmented Reality Support for Architects Based on Feature Tracking Techniques

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bang Nielsen, Michael; Kramp, Gunnar; Grønbæk, Kaj

    2004-01-01

    This paper presents a mobile AR system called the SitePack supporting architects in annotating and visualizing models in real-time. We describe examples of how the SitePack visualization techniques help architects making decisions on site. One example is the effect of vegetation heights on the ho...

  1. Textiles in the Material Practice of Architects – Opportunities, Challenges and Ways of Stimulating Use

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wærsted, Elisabeth Heimdal; Lenau, Torben Anker; Brandt, Eva

    This dissertation reports on a design research project about textiles in the material practice of architects. Targeting practicing architects, its aim is to understand how textiles are currently part of their material practice, factors influencing their use and non-use of textiles, and how...... awareness of their benefits may be raised. The project’s three research questions are thus: 1) How are textiles currently used by architects? 2) Which challenges to the use of textiles in architecture can be found in the material practice of architects? 3) How can the use of textiles in architecture...... be stimulated? Based on Donald Schön’s view of design as reflective practice, material practice is defined as how architects work with, choose and apply materials. To reach the aim, the project integrates literature from material science, engineering design, textile engineering and design, as well...

  2. Design in the educational process for architects and engineers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabrizio Schiaffonati

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available The theme of education and scientific research for architects and engineers assumes a particular connotation due to the diverse polarity, today, of places where design occurs, its connection with the analyses, specialist in-depth examination and synthesis of the proposal. The very high ‘technological level’ reached in architectural design risks being uncritically applied. The persistence of the applicative aspect of design does not exclude the possibility of basic and experimental research being conducted in universities, although within the transmission of knowledge related to the acquisition of practical skills deriving from industrial technologies, for their current and correct use. Architectural design in the University must assume the connotation of «precompetitive development», in a system of objectives with undisputed ‘structural’ reason.

  3. Universal Design and Continuing Professional Development for Architects: An Irish Case Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shea, Eoghan C O; Basnak, Megan; Bucholz, Merritt; Steinfeld, Edward

    2016-01-01

    The Tomar Resolution urged that all occupations working in the built environment be educated in the principles and measures of Universal Design in order to facilitate all people playing a full role in society. For Architects and Architectural Technologists, under-graduate education will continue to have a major role to play. At the same time in the Republic of Ireland, and in an ever-growing number of other jurisdictions, Continuous Professional Development (CPD) is a requirement for all Architects and Architectural Technologists and can significantly affect knowledge, skill and competence in a number of subjects including Universal Design. This paper looks at the results of a recent survey of Architects and Architectural Technologists practising in Ireland, architectural educators, and client bodies that sought to assess the following: 1. How inherent is Universal Design knowledge to current building design practice? 2. What are the current Universal Design education and training needs of Architects and Architectural Technologists practising in Ireland? 3. Which Universal Design themes and topics are of most interest to Architects and Architectural Technologists practising in Ireland? 4. To what extent does existing CPD for Architects and Architectural Technologists practising in Ireland address Universal Design topics? 5. What can motivate Architects and Architectural Technologists practising in Ireland to access Universal Design CPD? 6. What are the most effective means by which to deliver Universal Design CPD to Architects and Architectural Technologists practising in Ireland? The survey discussed in this paper is one phase of a longer study aimed at providing a research base for developing CPD in Universal Design for Architects and Architectural Technologists practising in Ireland.

  4. Architects and Librarians under Pressure: Dialoguing about Renovation of a Library in a Constrained Environment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    André Lohisse

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available A librarian and an architect conduct the essential dialogue involved in renovating an academic library in Paris, comparing architectural concerns with the exigencies of public use, and juxtaposing technical requirements with the functional organisation of the library.

  5. Hox genes: The “Architects of Body Design”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jyoti A. Bhojwani

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Some of the questions prevailing in human mind since the evolution of human thinking are – How do we grow and develop into normal functional human beings? How do different organs get perfectly organized in our body plan? Are these positions pre-determined or do we have positional fates and/or spatio-temporal cues, that actually help in building up any organ as it is. Now we have a fairly better knowledge of how a unicellular embryo develops into multicellular organism with complex organization of its cells, tissues and organs. The “architects of body design” are the Hox genes, which are highly conserved across the animal kingdom. Since the dawn of human curiosity, efforts are being made to understand as to how nature lays out the architectural plan of any developing embryo, and later, sequentially programs the fine-tuning of intricate details in an adult. However, answers have begun to emerge only in the last two decades or so. An embryo is the most dynamic developmental entity, in which practically all of the patterning events are initiated and laid out, although the nature of patterning may differ from organism to organism.

  6. Architecting Secure Web Services using Model Driven Agile Modeling

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr.B.Padmaja Rani,

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available The importance of the software security has been profound, since most attacks to software systems are based on vulnerabilities caused by poorly designed and developed software. Design flaws account for fifty percent of security problems and risk analysis plays essential role in solid security problems. Service Web Services are an integral part of next generation Web applications. The development and use of these services is growing at an incredible rate, and so too security issues surrounding them. If the history of inter-application communication repeats itself, the ease with which web services architectures publish information about applications across thenetwork is only going to result in more application hacking. At the very least, it’s going to put an even greater burden on web architects and developers to design and write secure code. Developing specification like WS-Security should be leveraged as secure maturity happens over firewalls. In this paper, we want to discuss security architectures design patterns for Service Oriented Web Services. Finally, we validated this by implementing a case study of a Service Oriented Web Services application StockTrader Security using WS-Security and WS-Secure Conversation.

  7. From Building Blocks to Architects Empowering Learners for Success

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reyes Juana Mahissa

    2002-08-01

    Full Text Available Although our ultimate goal is to enable our learners to become autonomous and efficient in their use of the foreign language, whether or not they have the opportunity to ever live and interact in a foreign language setting, our work as teachers must involve a conscious analysis of the different factors involved in this process, as well as the conscious effort to put all the intervening factors into action. Furthermore, it is our responsibility to develop the learners¿ thinking skills as they increase their competence in the target language and at the same time make them aware of their responsibility for their own processes and success by enhancing their autonomy and making them aware of the value of learning strategies. It is our task as teachers to be present on this journey and guide our learners towards becoming architects and masters of their own foreign language construct. In order for this journey to be a successful one, we must make sure we provide the learner with a correct supply of building blocks. In this paper we present an analysis of the main components comprised in teaching English as a foreign language, including a historical overview of methods, approaches, strategies, the concept of learner¿s autonomy, social and psychological factors, aiming at contributing to every teacher¿s reflection on his/her task in the school context.

  8. Role and functions of colour in the drawings of Portuguese architects

    OpenAIRE

    Moutinho, Natacha Antão; Durão, Maria João

    2013-01-01

    Drawings made by architects have been the object of several studies and publications, however, usually focused on themes that encompass skills, methods, conventions, or representations. This paper addresses drawings done by Portuguese architects, from a completely different standpoint: an enquiry directed to the role of colour. It is generally accepted that colour is a very significant tool and a powerful means of expression, operating at many perceptive levels that can add information and me...

  9. Chronicle of the Irkutsk Organization of the Union of Architects of the USSR-RF

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lyutsian Antipin

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available The Irkutsk Organization of the Union of Architects is 80. Our journal has published many articles and special issues about foundation, different life stages and prominent architects of the organization.As it is known, the Russian history of voluntary creative unions of registered architects and specialists takes origin from the Moscow Architectural Society with the Charter of 27 October 1876. Then followed the Saint Petersburg Society of Architects, and later on creative unions of architects, artists and civil engineers were established in different cities. In the XIXth century the present Union was initiated by such eminent masters as M. D. Bykovsky and F. O. Shekhtel followed by K. S. Alabyan and many other celebrities.The unions of architects have made a considerable contribution to research and development of architectural design and construction, and to cultural heritage protection. Numerous competitions were of particular importance. Their results are buildings that have gone down in history of architecture of the XXth century.

  10. Space and energy: relationships among architects from nature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvia Titotto

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available This research reflects on the possibility of architecture eco-sustainable development from the point of view of energy, space and environmental heritage, based on the constructive process of some species of social wasps (Hymenoptera and termites (Isoptera. It aimed at understanding via computational modelling and physical prototipation how their spacial design is developed by the “architect-insects” while they build their nests in nature as a way of preserving their bio-cultural heritage besides exploring other possibilites of eco-sustainable technological innovation within low energy consumption. The present work has been made to complement and converge the researches made both in the biomimicry area and the energy field by presenting how one can adapt the solutions in the built space of wasp nests and termite mounds that can be used in many ways at human constructions. Departing from some remarkable work done by entomologists, biologists and engineers, it was possible to get to structural details and how these tiny creatures build their dwellings little by little while they work as a united civilization. After getting to these details, strenghts and weaknesses were reported and one searched similar architectural human solutions for topics such as the crafting work on the surface of the buildings, the ventilation system created by the termites and the improvement of living spaces. By following the life of these little creatures and seeing how they can behave similarly to a human society up to an extent, one notes that one might learn and find architectural solutions by better understanding wasps and termites form-function challenges.

  11. The low-income single-family house and the effectiveness of architects in affecting affordability

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ron Dulaney Jr.

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Architects are increasingly engaged in efforts to provide affordable, owner-occupied housing in the United States. Yet architects’ roles in broadly addressing affordable housing remain marginal as was anecdotally evident by the absence of architects at a recent university-sponsored affordable housing workshop. Apparently, the potential contributions of architects in “the development of innovative approaches and best practices” related to affordable, owner-occupied housing is not always valued to housing policymakers and planners such as those who organized this workshop. This paper speculatively explores the gap between the potential value of architects and their actual effectiveness at realizing widespread relevancy, innovation, and change in improving the quality and attainability of affordable, owner occupied housing and how this gap may contribute to the undervaluation and marginalization of architects’ efforts to address affordable housing needs in the United States. Case studies of several recent U.S. house design competitions exemplify these gaps. Potential strategies for closing these gaps and thus appreciating the value of architects’ efforts in this endeavor are identified.To become central in providing much-needed affordable, owner-occupied housing, architects must make the value of their potential contributions evident. This requires a clear definition of design goals, a rigorous assessment of built projects, and the thorough dissemination of findings and methodologies. Architects must engage those fields to which they have, in the U.S., long relinquished affordable, single-family housing. Architects must demonstrate that qualitative design improvements are not just possible within the frameworks and agendas of those other fields but that good design will better enable the achievement of those extra-disciplinary goals.

  12. Structural equation modeling analysis of factors influencing architects' trust in project design teams

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    DING Zhi-kun; NG Fung-fai; WANG Jia-yuan

    2009-01-01

    This paper describes a structural equation modeling (SEM) analysis of factors influencing architects' trust in project design teams. We undertook a survey of architects, during which we distributed 193 questionnaires in 29 A-level architectural We used Amos 6.0 for SEM to identify significant personal construct based factors affecting interpersonal trust. The results show that only social interaction between architects significantly affects their interpersonal trust. The explained variance of trust is not very high in the model. Therefore, future research should add more factors into the current model. The practical implication is that team managers should promote the social interactions between team members such that the interpersonal trust level between team members can be improved.

  13. Smart Cities need architects; Las Smart Cities necesita a los arquitectos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lahoz Palacio, C. F.

    2016-07-01

    Architects and urban planners have always been at the forefront of technical and social innovation processes, researching and proposing new urban models and buildings based on cognitive materials from both their own and other fields of knowledge. In fact, current society, including our ways of life and habits, could not be comprehended without the open, curious minds and progressive even defiant attitudes of architects such as Brunelleschi, Violletle- Duc, Perret, Le Corbusier and Fuller, who defied the threshold of conceptual and vital convention and staked everything on exploring and applying the characteristic technological breakthroughs of their day to architecture and the design of cities. (Author)

  14. A study of architect Cosman Citroen (1881-1935) and his works in Surabaya

    OpenAIRE

    SANTOSO Joko Triwinarto

    2010-01-01

    This study presents an in-depth analysis of the works of the Dutch architect Cosman Citroen (1881-1935) in Surabaya. Citroen grew up in a Jewish-Dutch diamond worker family in Amsterdam. After graduating from the Quellinus School in 1902, he worked at the office of B.J. Ouëndag (1861-1932). He also was a teacher of geometry. From 1908 onwards he trained young members of Architectura et Amicitia. In 1915 Citroen arrived in Surabaya where he started as a Municipal architect. In 1930 he became a...

  15. Le Corbusier, an Architect on the Way to the East: Impressions and Drawings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rocío Peñalta CATALÁN

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available In May 1911, the architect known as Le Corbusier, set out on a journey to the Eastern part of Europe and he finally arrives to Constantinople. This travel, which can be placed in the romantic tradition of the Grand Tour, will have an important influence on his future work. In his adventure across the Mediterranean and Eastern Europe, the architect will set the starting point for the creation of a modern architecture based on the analogies and the re-reading of the universal patterns guessed in the classic art.

  16. Is bioclimatic architecture a new style of design? A letter to a young architect

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tombazis, Alexandros N. [Meletitiki - Alexandros N. Tombazis and Associates Architects Ltd., Polydroso-Athens (Greece)

    2008-07-01

    The paper presents a series of thoughts on what architecture is all about in the form of a letter from a ''grandpa'' architect to young architects. The letter touches the subjects of architecture, sustainability and energy efficient design, learning from tradition, the relation of architecture to the other arts, the use of technology and mechanical installations, the holistic approach to design, the elements of which architecture is composed, the constraints in architectural design, the notion of ''less is beautiful'' and many more, giving in this way some food for thought for the younger generations. (orig.)

  17. Identifying and Describing Tutor Archetypes: The Pragmatist, the Architect, and the Surveyor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harootunian, Jeff A.; Quinn, Robert J.

    2008-01-01

    In this article, the authors identify and anecdotally describe three tutor archetypes: the pragmatist, the architect, and the surveyor. These descriptions, based on observations of remedial mathematics tutors at a land-grant university, shed light on a variety of philosophical beliefs regarding and pedagogical approaches to tutoring. An analysis…

  18. Architect Critical Challenges as a Project Manager in Construction Projects: A Case Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammadreza Yadollahi

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available All construction professionals such as civil, mechanical, and electrical engineers, quantity surveyors, and architects have important roles in the construction process. Among these, architects are frequently appointed as a project manager (PM. The role of a PM will drive the success of the projects implementation. Therefore, the capability of an architect as a PM (ArPM is critical in reducing challenges encountered. Accordingly, the identification of these challenges is an important task in selecting an appropriate ArPM. The aim of this study is to identify the most critical challenges faced by an ArPM for construction projects. The data were collected through questionnaires and interviews with architects and professionals in the Malaysian construction industry. Because of the fuzziness and uncertainty of subjective responses, Fuzzy Set Ttheory is applied to identify critical challenges. A total of 65 questionnaires were distributed and 36 questionnaires were returned. The results revealed that the critical challenges faced by an ArPM are “poor planning,” “unfamiliar technology,” “unfamiliarity with green buildings and materials,” “inappropriate scheduling,” and “poor workmanship.” All critical challenges were then categorized into six main groups including technical, managerial, personal skills, contractual, psychological, and financial.

  19. An Architect's Perspective--How to Encourage Genuine Innovation in Library Design

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nimmo, Andrew

    2012-01-01

    Libraries have undergone an extraordinary transformation over the last twenty years--from glorified book warehouse to interactive learning environment. For an architect they are currently amongst the most exciting projects to be commissioned to design. Innovation and "Next Generation" are the buzz words. However instead of exploring a first…

  20. Architecting Cloud-Enabled Systems: A Systematic Survey of Challenges and Solutions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Chauhan, Aufeef; Babar, Muhammad Ali; Benatallah, Boualem

    2016-01-01

    to be designed range from pervasive embedded systems and enterprise applications to smart devices with Internet of Things (IoTs). We also conclude that there is a huge potential of research on architecting cloud-based systems in areas related to green computing, energy efficient systems, mobile cloud computing...... and IoTs....

  1. Daylighting simulation : comparison of softwares for architect's utilization

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Christakou, D.E.; Amorim, C.N.D. [Brazil Univ., Brasilia (Brazil). Faculty of Architecture and Urbanism

    2005-07-01

    This study analyzed and compared 4 daylighting software packages to determine the primary benefits and limits of each one, while considering the priorities for the use of the software by architects. The complex task of daylight simulation is an important step in designing buildings, particularly when the main objective is comfort and energy conservation. Simulation is not yet commonly practiced by professional architects because of the complexities of various software packages, the lack of user friendly interfaces and difficulty in interpreting results. The 4 software packages that were evaluated in this study were: (1) Desktop Radiance, (2) Rayfront, (3) Relux 2004 Vision, and (4) Lightscape. Criteria such as interfaces, flexibility, and help manuals were also analyzed in an effort to establish a frame of the main points to be considered when choosing daylighting software for architectural use, both in educational and office environments. Simulations of a test room were performed in which some parameters were modified to verify the performance of the following main criteria: flexibility in adapting to the architect's workflow; the use of state of the art algorithms; numerical precision; and, access possibility by Brazilian architects. The results demonstrate the potential of software's improvement, particular in terms of user interfaces and help manuals. The study showed that Relux 2004 Vision is the most adequate for architect's use. Rayfront and Desktop Radiance presented more difficulties in the design process, but Desktop Radiance had the advantage of being enclosed in AUTOCAD, a well known interface. Lightscape had a user friendly interface but was not as intuitive as Relux. It was concluded that the ideal daylighting simulation software does not yet exist. The ideal software should integrate diverse factors and combine edition and modeling tools beyond luminous evaluation and thermal consequences of daylight use. 5 refs., 3 tabs., 4 figs.

  2. The prequalified competition - how are architects appointed to invited architectural competitions?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Magnus Rönn

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available This article presents results from a study of prequalification in architectural competitions. The aim is to develop knowledge of how the organizer appoints candidates to invited competitions. Prequalification is a selection procedure used early in the competition process to identifysuitable candidates for the following design phase. Usually three to six teams are invited to develop design proposals. The overall research question in the study is about how organizers identify architects / design teams for competitions with limited participation. The methodology includes an inventory of competitions, case studies, document review and interviews of key-persons. Ten municipal and governmental competitions have been examined in the study. There are 375 applications from design teams in the competitions. 43 architect firms/teams (11 % have been invited. In five of the ten competitions 19 informants have reported their experiences of prequalification. The informants responded to an interview guide with questions on the background of the competition, development of the invitation, and the need for information about the candidates, assessment process and experience from the selection of architects / design teams. The invitation emerges during negotiation at the organizing body, which includes discussion with the Swedish Association of Architects.General conditions, submission requirements and criteria for the evaluation of applications by architect firms are part of an established practice. All clients have an assessment procedure made up of two distinct stages. First they check whether applications meet the specific “must requirements” in the invitation. Thereafter follows an evaluative assessment of the candidate’s professional profile, which is based on the criteria in the invitation. Reference projects and information from the referees are important sources of information in this stage. Decisivein the final assessment is the organizer

  3. The Role of Architects in Future%建筑师未来的角色

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林光祺

    2012-01-01

    Architects first played the role of the designer of buildings. Due to the increasing scale of building projects, technology development and the change of social expectation, architects have to take up more duties and responsibility. The future architects have lo lead the design team, supervise the construction works, take up the project management, coordinate buildings and the growth of the city, develop new building materials and construction technology, manage the cost and time of building development and so on. The architects have to be general and also skillful in certain areas. The speaker foresees that there will be specialist architects in future. The speaker expects China to contribute to the research and development of the construction technology in future.%在过去,建筑师可能只需负责建筑物的设计,但随着工程的规模愈来愈大,科技的创新以及社会对建筑要求的提升,建筑师要承担的工作和责任也越来越多.未来的建筑师要负责设计团队的管理、工程施工的监管、项目发展的策划、建筑与城市的协调、建材的创新和科研、工程造价和时间的掌握等多项工作,他们要能广又能专.预期未来会出现专科的建筑师,并期盼中国在建筑科技的改进中可以扮演重要角色.

  4. Alcatel-Lucent Service Routing Architect (SRA) self-study guide preparing for the BGP, VPRN and Multicast exams

    CERN Document Server

    Warnock, Glenn; Shaheen, Ghassan

    2015-01-01

    A comprehensive resource for professionals preparing for Alcatel-Lucent Service Routing Architect (SRA) certification Networking professionals are taking note of Alcatel-Lucent and its quick ascent in the networking and telecom industries. IP networking professionals looking for a comprehensive guide to obtaining the Alcatel-Lucent Service Routing Architect (SRA) certification will be pleased to learn of this new publication, Alcatel-Lucent Service Routing Architect (SRA) Self-Study Guide: Preparing for the BGP, VPRN and Multicast Exams. The book comprises approximately 2,600 pages of print a

  5. Insensitivity to Flaws Leads to Damage Tolerance in Brittle Architected Meta-Materials

    OpenAIRE

    Montemayor, L. C.; Wong, W. H.; Y.-W. Zhang; Greer, J.R.

    2016-01-01

    Cellular solids are instrumental in creating lightweight, strong, and damage-tolerant engineering materials. By extending feature size down to the nanoscale, we simultaneously exploit the architecture and material size effects to substantially enhance structural integrity of architected meta-materials. We discovered that hollow-tube alumina nanolattices with 3D kagome geometry that contained pre-fabricated flaws always failed at the same load as the pristine specimens when the ratio of notch ...

  6. Material Considerations in Architectural Design: A Study of the Aspects Identified by Architects for Selecting Materials

    OpenAIRE

    Wastiels, Lisa; Wouters, Ine

    2009-01-01

    Material selection in architecture is not only about choosing the strongest, cheapest, or most obvious materials available. Architects also choose warm, formal, functional, or local materials for buildings. And the material options are not limited by only these considerations. The material selection process is a complex process that is influenced and determined by numerous preconditions, decisions and considerations. The current material selection tools, however, focus mainly on the technical...

  7. User-friendliness of current building environmental impact assessment tools: an architect's perspective

    OpenAIRE

    Meex, Elke; KNAPEN, Elke; Verbeeck, Griet

    2016-01-01

    In the building sector, the global environmental impact of buildings is gaining attention. This environmental impact includes all impacts related to the building (materials) throughout the entire life cycle. A number of tools to assess the environmental impact of buildings as a whole has already been developed, usually with an underlying life cycle approach. As architects are a central actor in the design process, they are responsible for the building design and the accompanying environmen...

  8. 2004 Survey of United States architects on the subject of switchable glazings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The 21st century has ushered in an era marked by the growing integration of technology and other scientific advances into commercial buildings and residential homes. Of particular interest to many architects, developers and builders are 'switchable' glazing, a new category of technologically advanced glass and plastic building materials that can be used to control light, glare and heat entering an office or a home. Interest in switchable glazing technology is influenced by a variety of factors, including a growing movement to offer sustainable, energy-efficient building solutions, and the emerging desire by users to maintain greater control over their working and living environments. This paper examines the movement toward sustainable development and the end-user needs that are driving it. Further, it presents the results of a proprietary survey research study of United States architects on the subject of switchable glazing. This study includes an examination of the attributes most desired by architects regarding smart window technology, and provides additional insight into the potential application of this smart material to the building community

  9. The Sicilian Architect Tommaso Maria Napoli and the Baroque Cathedral of Dubrovnik

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Horvat-Levaj, Katarina

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available The design of the Dubrovnik Cathedral (1671-1713 – a monumental three-nave basilica with a dome over the crossing – was commissioned, thanks to Abbot Stjepan Gradić, from the Roman architect Andrea Bufalini. Among the leaders of construction, which lasted for over four decades, the Sicilian architect Tommaso Maria Napoli stands out. During his nine-year stay in Dubrovnik (1689-98 he was the only one who engaged in radical changes in the design. Through his changes to the vaulting and lighting of the main nave and sanctuary, as well as the introduction of terraces above the side chapels, he gave the building better proportions, and moreover he balanced its volume by enriching the Cathedral with the plastic expressiveness characteristic of Sicilian architecture at that time. Napoli was the only architect involved in the construction of the Dubrovnik Cathedral who had an international reputation, from his native Sicily, to Naples, Rome, and the Habsburg Monarchy. This makes his inventive corrections to Bufalini's design even more significant.

  10. Giulio Mongeri, an Architect Efficient in the Building of Capital City Ankara and his Biography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Damla Çinici

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The study is about Giulio Mongeri (1873 – 1951 who was the architect of Ottoman Bank (1926, Ziraat Bank (1926 – 1929, Monopolies Chief Directorate (1928 and Türkiye İş Bank (1929 buildings in Ankara in the first years of the Republic. Giulio Mongeri was one of the architects prominent in architectural activities both in the last years of Ottoman Empire and first years of the Republic and undertook an effective role in the architectural understanding of the next generation by raising the architects of the future as an instructor of the Academy of Fine Arts. In the study, it is aimed to gain especially the sketches and photos obtained from his diary and not published anywhere else to the scientific world as a new contribution to the knowledge in the available publications. Giulio Mongeri himself, his family and environs in which he was raised, his personality and attitude as a trainer have been appraised in the light of new information. The buildings of Mongeri in Ankara have been studied comparatively with the other buildings in Ankara in this period and an attempt is made to assess the differences in his approach.

  11. Evaluation of different confirmatory algorithms using seven treponemal tests on Architect Syphilis TP-positive/RPR-negative sera

    OpenAIRE

    S Jonckheere; Berth, M.; Esbroeck, M.; Blomme, S.; Lagrou, K.; Padalko, Elizaveta

    2015-01-01

    The Architect Syphilis TP is considered to be a suitable screening test due to its high sensitivity and full automation. According to the International Union against Sexually Transmitted Infections (IUSTI) 2014 guidelines, however, positive screening tests need confirmation with Treponema pallidum particle agglutination (TP.PA). Among Architect-positive results, samples with a negative non-treponemal test present the major diagnostic challenge. In this multicenter study, we investigated if ot...

  12. Comparison of AxSYM and Architect i1000 sr system for determination of digoxin concentration%AxSYM和Architect i1000 sr系统测定地高辛血药浓度的比较

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    秦英; 石秀锦; 林阳; 顾虹; 王海燕; 李骁; 周洋; 白玉国; 郑青敏

    2015-01-01

    目的:研究AxSYM和Architect i1000 sr系统测定地高辛血药浓度结果相关性,并比较其对内源性地高辛样免疫活性物质的敏感性.方法:同时采用AxSYM和Architect i1000 sr系统测定100例患者的地高辛血药浓度,以AxSYM的测定值为X,Architect i1000 sr的测定值为Y,进行线性回归,评价其相关性.同时采用两个系统测定56例未服用地高辛患者的表观地高辛血药浓度,比较其对内源性地高辛样免疫活性物质的敏感性.结果:Architect i1000 sr的测定值小于AxSYM的测定值,两者相关性良好(r = 0.931),回归方程为Y= 0.746X– 0.315 8.56例未服用地高辛患者Architect i1000 sr测得的表观地高辛浓度均为0,AxSYM测定时28例患者表观地高辛浓度大于0.3 ng·mL-1.结论:尽管AxSYM和Architect i1000 sr系统测定地高辛血药浓度结果相关性良好,然而Architect i1000 sr系统的测定值偏低,进行方法间切换时,药师和医师应予以注意.Architect i1000 sr系统对内源性地高辛样免疫活性物质的敏感性低于AxSYM系统.%Objective: To assess the correlation between the serum digoxin levels measured by AxSYM and Architect i1000 sr systems and compare the two systems with respect to interference from digoxin-like immunoreactive substances.Methods:Serum digoxin levels of 100 patients were determined by AxSYM and Architect i1000 sr systems. Regression analysis was performed to evaluate the correlation. The interference of digoxin-like immunoreactive substances on both assays was investigated in samples from 56 patients who were not taking digoxin.Results:Serum digoxin levels determined by Architect i1000 sr system were signiifcantly lower than those of AxSYM system. Concordance analysis revealed a positive and statistically signiifcant correlation coefifcient (r = 0.931). The equation wasY = 0.746X– 0.315 8. The apparent digoxin concentrations were 0 in all of the non digoxin-treated patients when measured with Architect i1000

  13. Directory of Associations; Directory of Architects; Directory of Companies; 2002 Catalog & Product Showcase; 2002 Magazine Showcase; Directory of Products & Services; Directory of Materials Suppliers; Advertiser Index.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Library Journal, 2001

    2001-01-01

    This buyer's guide for librarians lists associations, architects, companies (including contact information and Web sites), products, services, magazines, and materials that are geared toward libraries. (LRW)

  14. Christine Vendredi-Auzanneau/Antonin Raymond, un architecte occidental au Japon 1888-1976

    OpenAIRE

    Simonnot, Nathalie

    2012-01-01

    On est à présent habitué aux ouvrages de qualité de la collection Architecture contemporaine (dirigée par Gérard Monnier), qui permettent de révéler, sur les fondements de travaux scientifiques, universitaires pour la plupart, des figures représentatives de la modernité architecturale. On ne sera donc pas surpris par cette monographie sur Antonin Raymond, qui inscrit cet architecte d’origine tchèque travaillant au Japon dans une histoire des transferts culturels et des débats d’idées avec ses...

  15. Social architects

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nordentoft, Helle Merete; Thomsen, Rie; Hecksher, Kristine

    with young people. Secondly, guidance practitioners should be recognized more as organizational catalysts due to their inside knowledge of how transitions in the educational system work from the young peoples’ perspective. This implies that guidance practitioners get a mandate and also competences......In the Öresund region every fifth young person does not complete upper secondary in spite of a massive focus on guidance of and support to young people in education. This paper presents findings from a Nordic project: “The future of career guidance and educational counseling” in which researchers...... and guidance practitioners from upper secondary and youth guidance centers worked together in a research circle. A research circle is a method which takes point of departure in social learning theories for developing practice. Inspired by the action research tradition it focuses on the interconnectedness...

  16. Vladimir Pavlov: “Architect is at Fault in the Exchange House Case”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrei Katin

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Vladimir Pavlov was interviewed by Andrei Katin, correspondent of the “Chance” publishing house, to comment on the town-planning scandal concerning the new Exchange House built on Vasilievsky Island in St Petersburg and the officials’ idea of licensing the architects to permit realization of their projects in the historical city center. Vladimir Pavlov, giving an example of foreign licensing practice, believes that in Russia officials should not be involved in this process. In the case of the new Exchange House the bureaucracy arrogated to themselves the rights provided neither under the Constitution of the RF, nor under our Codes.In this situation Vladimir Pavlov blames the architect, who hides behind the official’s signature. Various dubious instructions and a common practice to cringe before the authorities still, unfortunately, exist.

  17. Listening in circles. Spoken drama and the architects of sound, 1750-1830.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tkaczyk, Viktoria

    2014-07-01

    The establishment of the discipline of architectural acoustics is generally attributed to the physicist Wallace Clement Sabine, who developed the formula for reverberation time around 1900, and with it the possibility of making calculated prognoses about the acoustic potential of a particular design. If, however, we shift the perspective from the history of this discipline to the history of architectural knowledge and praxis, it becomes apparent that the topos of 'good sound' had already entered the discourse much earlier. This paper traces the Europe-wide discussion on theatre architecture between 1750 and 1830. It will be shown that the period of investigation is marked by an increasing interest in auditorium acoustics, one linked to the emergence of a bourgeois theatre culture and the growing socio-political importance of the spoken word. In the wake of this development the search among architects for new methods of acoustic research started to differ fundamentally from an analogical reasoning on the nature of sound propagation and reflection, which in part dated back to antiquity. Through their attempts to find new ways of visualising the behaviour of sound in enclosed spaces and to rethink both the materiality and the mediality of theatre auditoria, architects helped pave the way for the establishment of architectural acoustics as an academic discipline around 1900.

  18. A Review of Le Corbusier & Lucien Hervé. The Architect & the Photographer: a Dialogue

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marco Iuliano

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Originally published in French under the evocative title 'Le Corbusier / Lucien Hervé / Contacts (L’ Atelier d’édition, 2011, Le Corbusier & Lucien Hervé. The Architect & the Photographer: a Dialogue 'turns our gaze, perhaps for the first time, away from the artistic importance of the photographs themselves that only indirectly illuminate the architectural value of the images. Jacques Sbriglio, editor of the book, has selected sixteen buildings by Le Corbusier - from Paris to Ronchamp, from Chandigarh to Roquebrune-Cap-Martin: he briefly describes each of them, and illustrates the texts with a selection of contact prints made by Hervé and held today in the Fondation Le Corbusier. In the Fondation there are thousands of contact prints, all assembled on 1,200 colourful pieces of cardboard: 184 of these can now be seen in this new publication. The sheets represent the channel of communication between the photographer and the architect, so the former could select images to illustrate particular aspects of each project. Sometimes Le Corbusier produced sketches from the contact prints and sent these drawings to Lucien Hervé so the photographer could select a particular image from the archive.

  19. Insensitivity to Flaws Leads to Damage Tolerance in Brittle Architected Meta-Materials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Montemayor, L C; Wong, W H; Zhang, Y-W; Greer, J R

    2016-01-01

    Cellular solids are instrumental in creating lightweight, strong, and damage-tolerant engineering materials. By extending feature size down to the nanoscale, we simultaneously exploit the architecture and material size effects to substantially enhance structural integrity of architected meta-materials. We discovered that hollow-tube alumina nanolattices with 3D kagome geometry that contained pre-fabricated flaws always failed at the same load as the pristine specimens when the ratio of notch length (a) to sample width (w) is no greater than 1/3, with no correlation between failure occurring at or away from the notch. Samples with (a/w) > 0.3, and notch length-to-unit cell size ratios of (a/l) > 5.2, failed at a lower peak loads because of the higher sample compliance when fewer unit cells span the intact region. Finite element simulations show that the failure is governed by purely tensile loading for (a/w) discrete-continuum duality of architected structural meta-materials may give rise to their damage tolerance and insensitivity of failure to the presence of flaws even when made entirely of intrinsically brittle materials. PMID:26837581

  20. Choosing architects for competitions - experiences from the selection of design teams in Sweden

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Magnus Rönn

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available This article presents results from a study of prequalification in architectural competitions. The aim is to develop knowledge of how the organizer appoints candidates to restricted competitions in Sweden. Prequalification is a selection procedure used early in the competition process to identify suitable candidates for the following design phase. The overall research question in the study is about how organizers identify architects / design teams. The methodology includes an inventory of competitions, case studies, document review and interviews of key-persons. Ten municipal and governmental competitions have been examined in the study. The invitation emerges during negotiation at the organizing body. General conditions, submission requirements and criteria for the evaluation of applications by architect firms are part of an established practice. All clients have an assessment procedure made up of two distinct stages. First they check whether applications meet the specific "must requirements" in the invitation. Thereafter follows an evaluative assessment of the candidate's professional profile, which is based on the criteria in the invitation. Reference projects and information from the referees are important sources of information in this stage. Decisive in the final assessment is the organizer's perception of the candidates' ability to produce projects of architectural quality, the ability to combine creative solutions with functional requirements and aptitude to work with developers and contractors.

  1. Listening in circles. Spoken drama and the architects of sound, 1750-1830.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tkaczyk, Viktoria

    2014-07-01

    The establishment of the discipline of architectural acoustics is generally attributed to the physicist Wallace Clement Sabine, who developed the formula for reverberation time around 1900, and with it the possibility of making calculated prognoses about the acoustic potential of a particular design. If, however, we shift the perspective from the history of this discipline to the history of architectural knowledge and praxis, it becomes apparent that the topos of 'good sound' had already entered the discourse much earlier. This paper traces the Europe-wide discussion on theatre architecture between 1750 and 1830. It will be shown that the period of investigation is marked by an increasing interest in auditorium acoustics, one linked to the emergence of a bourgeois theatre culture and the growing socio-political importance of the spoken word. In the wake of this development the search among architects for new methods of acoustic research started to differ fundamentally from an analogical reasoning on the nature of sound propagation and reflection, which in part dated back to antiquity. Through their attempts to find new ways of visualising the behaviour of sound in enclosed spaces and to rethink both the materiality and the mediality of theatre auditoria, architects helped pave the way for the establishment of architectural acoustics as an academic discipline around 1900. PMID:24908794

  2. Field Dependence, Efficiency of Information Processing in Working Memory and Susceptibility to Orientation Illusions among Architects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Młyniec Agnieszka

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available This study examined cognitive predictors of susceptibility to orientation illusions: Poggendorff, Ponzo, and Zöllner. It was assumed that lower efficiency of information processing in WM and higher field dependence are conducive to orientation illusions. 61 architects (30 women aged M = 29, +/- 1.6, and 49 university students (29 women aged M = 23.53, +/- 4.24, were tested with Witkin’s EFT to assess their field dependence; the SWATT method was used as a measure of WM efficiency, and susceptibility to visual illusions was verified with a series of computer tasks. We obtained a small range of the explained variance in the regression models including FDI and WM indicators. On the basis of WM efficiency indicators, we managed to confirm the existence of memory predictors of susceptibility to illusions (they are rather weak, as they explain from 6% to 14% of the variance of the dependent variable. Among the architects, lower efficiency of WM processing (weaker inhibition, task-switching and higher field dependence are responsible for greater susceptibility to orientation illusions.

  3. Evaluation of different confirmatory algorithms using seven treponemal tests on Architect Syphilis TP-positive/RPR-negative sera.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jonckheere, S; Berth, M; Van Esbroeck, M; Blomme, S; Lagrou, K; Padalko, E

    2015-10-01

    The Architect Syphilis TP is considered to be a suitable screening test due to its high sensitivity and full automation. According to the International Union against Sexually Transmitted Infections (IUSTI) 2014 guidelines, however, positive screening tests need confirmation with Treponema pallidum particle agglutination (TP.PA). Among Architect-positive results, samples with a negative non-treponemal test present the major diagnostic challenge. In this multicenter study, we investigated if other, preferable less labor-intensive treponemal tests could replace TP.PA. A total of 178 rapid plasma reagin (RPR)-negative sera with an Architect value between 1 and 15 S/CO were prospectively selected in three centers. These sera were analyzed with TP.PA and six alternative treponemal tests: three immunoblots and three tests on random-access analyzers. The diagnostic performance of the treponemal tests differed substantially, with the overall agreement between the six alternative tests ranging from 44.6 to 82.0%. Based on TP.PA as the gold standard, the INNO-LIA IgG blot, the BioPlex 2200 IgG, and the Syphilis TPA showed a high sensitivity, while the EUROLINE-WB IgG blot, recomLine Treponema IgG blot, and the Chorus Syphilis screen showed a high specificity. However, an Architect cut-off of 5.6 S/CO can serve as an alternative for these confirmatory treponemal tests in case of an RPR-negative result. Treponemal tests show poor agreement in this challenging group of Architect-positive/RPR-negative sera. The most optimal algorithm is obtained by assigning sera with an Architect value >5.6 S/CO as true-positives and sera with a value between 1 and 5.6 S/CO as undetermined, requiring further testing with TP.PA. PMID:26187433

  4. Deciding about Design Quality: Value judgements and decision making in the selection of architects by public clients under European tendering regulations

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Volker, L.

    2010-01-01

    In the past few years the image of tender procedures in which Dutch public clients selected an architect has been dominated by distressing newspaper headlines. Architects fear that the current tender culture will harm the quality of our built environment due to a potential lack of diversity, creativ

  5. 48 CFR 227.7107-1 - Architectural designs and data clauses for architect-engineer or construction contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Architectural designs and... construction involving architect-engineer services, is to obtain a unique architectural design of a building, a... CONTRACTING REQUIREMENTS PATENTS, DATA, AND COPYRIGHTS Rights in Technical Data 227.7107-1...

  6. 75 FR 13422 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; FAR Case 2008-015, Payments Under Fixed-Price Architect-Engineer...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-19

    ... services work. Discussion and Analysis A proposed rule was published in the Federal Register at 74 FR 20666... Federal Acquisition Regulation; FAR Case 2008-015, Payments Under Fixed-Price Architect-Engineer Contracts.... Suzanne Neurauter, Procurement Analyst, at 202-219-0310. For information pertaining to status...

  7. The Architect, the Museum, and the School: Working Together to Incorporate Architecture and Built Environment Education into the Curriculum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chalas, Agnieszka

    2015-01-01

    This article documents an innovative project at the Canadian Centre for Architecture (CCA) that placed teaching architects in six underprivileged elementary schools in Montreal in an effort to both improve the status of architectural education in schools and support teachers with integrating museum learning into the classroom. Throughout the…

  8. SLA Architects on the Representation of Landscape: Stig Lennart in conversation with Anne Elisabeth Toft and Christina Capetillo

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Toft, Anne Elisabeth; Capetillo, Christina

    2015-01-01

    Stig Lennart Andersson discussing the representational practices of SLA Architecs. Andersson reflects on the representation of landscapes and on what are, in his view, the inadequacies of traditional forms of representation in this context. Those inadequacies have led SLA Architects to experiment...

  9. Application of the EMIT 2000 Tacrolimus assay on the Abbott Architect c8000 high volume clinical chemistry analyzer

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    K. Boer; T. Deufel; D. Schmidt; S. Streck; M. Kiehntopf

    2006-01-01

    Objectives: Evaluation of the performance of the EMIT 2000 Tacrolimus assay on the Abbott Architect c8000 analyzer. Design and Methods: Imprecision studies were performed and patient samples were assayed by EMIT assay and by LC-MS/MS. Results: Limit of quantification was established at 2.8 mu g/L. A

  10. Architects and Design-Phase Cost Estimates: Design Professionals Should Reconsider the Value of Third-Party Estimates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coakley, John

    2010-01-01

    Professional cost estimators are widely used by architects during the design phases of a project to provide preliminary cost estimates. These estimates may begin at the conceptual design phase and are prepared at regular intervals through the construction document phase. Estimating professionals are frequently tasked with "selling" the importance…

  11. CONTINUOUS TRAINING OF ARCHITECTS AND A PRACTICAL COURSE IN ARCHITECTURAL COMPOSITION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gogoleva Natal'ya Arkad'evna

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available The problem of training of architects in architectural composition is relevant at each stages of the training process. Continuous training in architectural composition is to assure better mastering of fundamentals of composition. Specialized training courses is to be incorporated into each stage of the training process, namely, into each specialized discipline that shapes up the compositional thinking in the field of architecture and town planning patterns. The fundamental course is entitled "Three-dimensional spatial composition"; it is based on the theory of architecture and urban development, as well as practical classes in architectural analysis and modeling. The author proposes new methods of teaching three-dimensional composition through a cycle of exercises and term papers. The systemic approach contemplates a good knowledge of the theory to serve as the basis for workshops and practical classes, as well as a new idea of continuous training.

  12. Examining the Dynamics of Novation from the Principal Contractor's and Architect's Perspectives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alan Griffith

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Design and build is a popular form of procurement worldwide. In its conventional form, it is characterised by the integration between design and construction. Novation, a variant of design and build where design responsibility is transferred from designer to contractor as procurement evolves, has gained in popularity. However, the characteristics of the process, although well identified, continue to create confusion and problems for clients and contractors alike. This paper focuses on the dynamics of design and build novation from the principal contractor's and architect's perspectives. It embraces key aspects of both the pre-contract and post-contract environment. Its contribution forms a part of a major UK Government funded research project investigating design and build best practice. The findings presented in this paper broadly indicate that contractors believe novated design and build can be disadvantageous and that considerable fragmentation can be created in what should be an integrated procurement approach.

  13. Archives d’architectes et églises du XXe siècle

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simon Texier

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Depuis une vingtaine d’années, les archives d’architecture du XXe siècle, conservées au sein de la Cité de l’architecture et du patrimoine, ont été le support d’une considérable avancée de la recherche. L’architecture religieuse en a elle aussi bénéficié ; elle n’en souffre pas moins toujours d’un certain retard, et ce malgré l’extrême richesse des fonds d’architectes ou d’entrepreneurs. L’importance des études préparatoires et des projets non réalisés ou le développement massif de la construction d’édifices religieux après 1945 comptent parmi les axes des recherches possibles.Over the past twenty years, the 20th-century architectural archives held today at the Cité de l’Architecture et du Patrimoine have underpinned considerable progress in research in the history of architecture. Religious architecture has also benefited from this progress, although, despite the considerable interest of the archives of certain architects or building firms, studies in this particular field are still lacking,. Amongst the new research directions that can be suggested today, this article draws attention to two fields: the study of preliminary projects and of projects that, in the end, were not carried out, and the massive development of new religious building after 1945.

  14. Sustainable Infrastructure Upgrade in Slum Settlements of Lagos, Nigeria: The Role of the Architect

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anthony Kayode Adebayo

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Global attention was drawn to the severe and pervasive effects of urban slums when the United Nations included it in the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs a few years ago. Urban slums are areas or neighbourhoods that suffer infrastructure deprivation. Infrastructure refers to the physical framework of facilities through which goods and services are delivered to neighbourhood dwellers by the government. A fundamental issue in slum upgrading projects is the provision of adequate infrastructure. In a developing nation like Nigeria, there is a need to examine urban slum upgrading in a wider conceptual and technical context that will be more sustainable than what currently exists in large cities like Lagos. Nigerian architects and other professionals in the built-environment have been trying to grasp key concepts required to comprehend the phenomenon of slum upgrading and therefore be able to address it by sustainable design. The wider conceptual and technical perspectives constitute the main problem addressed in this study. The techniques employed include the review of the literature and review of interviews on slums and slum upgrading in some parts the globe. Observation technique and visits to nine large slum settlements in Lagos were also employed to validate the general information obtained from the literature. This paper discusses a wide range of urban slum characteristics and slum upgrading issues that are applicable to the study area. The paper examines specific aspects where the architect can contribute substantially to infrastructural upgrading of the built-form and spaces in Lagos’ slums. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5755/j01.erem.68.2.4794

  15. Conceiving Scenario-Based IS Support for Knowledge Synthesis: The Organization Architect

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kam Hou VAT

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines the idea of creating information systems (IS support for knowledge work through the elaboration of typical organizational scenarios. Specifically, our research is driven by a belief that the design issues of IS support must be situated in the context of social processes in which, in a specific organizational scenario, a particular group of people can conceptualize their knowledge work and hence the purposeful action they wish to undertake. This provides the basis for ascertaining what information support is needed by those who undertake that action, and how modern information technology can help to provide that support. Thereby, designing IS support for knowledge work requires attention to the purposeful action which the IS serves, and hence to the meanings which make those particular actions meaningful and relevant to particular groups of people in a particular situation. This is often facilitated by the provision of an important enquiry process constantly attended to, and integrated into organizational activities by which IS professionals could learn of the organization's continual adjustments to its changing world. Our discussion here brings forth the notion of the learning organization information systems (LOIS, through which each member of the organization is enabled to create his or her own knowledge space, which is subject to some level of description, and thus may be architected and integrated into an organization. Importantly, in order to develop the various LOIS support for knowledge work, we need the correspondent organization scenarios to contextualize the IS design. And we attribute this development philosophy to the essence of systems thinking in conceiving IS support. The paper concludes by reiterating the work of the organization architect, which entails understanding, analyzing, designing, and communicating the most relevant parts of the organization and how they fit together.

  16. Mapping the (Invisible Salaried Woman Architect: the Australian Parlour Research Project

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karen Lisa Burns

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Since the 1970s, feminist historians and polemicists have struggled to uncover the ordinary lives of women. They believe that gender ideals and biases are a critical part of the weft and weave of daily life. But the quotidian has been a restricted field in our discipline, often used to define a particular building type rather than the lives of architects. For example, we know little about the workdays of professionals or their labour in the workplace. The architectural office - its daily transactions and everyday culture - remains obscure. Even when represented in histories of the profession, the architectural office is filtered through a top-down lens trained on practice directors. The labour and lives of architecture’s male and female employees is unexplored terrain, but we could begin with the demographics: up to three-quarters of Australian women in architecture are salaried workers, continuing a historical trend. In the past, women generally worked for others. The gendering of salaried architectural workers raises questions about the relationship between gender and office work. Feminist historians and theorists have suggested that the office plays a role in forming gender ideals and practices. This paper endeavours to critically describe the lives and labour of women architects at the office, using survey and interview data from a large-scale Australian research project, publicly known through its website Parlour. This research inquires into gender disadvantage and investigates how gender ideals and norms shape the culture of the architectural workplace. The project’s research questions, evidence and explanations form the basis of this essay. The Parlour project is an ongoing platform for sharing information and research, but it gives particular voice to women’s experience in architecture, an experience largely shaped by salaried employment, studentship and the ownership of small practices.

  17. Independent or Bureaucratic? The Early Career Choice of an Architect at the Turn of the Twentieth Century in Germany, France and England

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andri Gerber

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available While the general historical perception of the architect conveys an image of him/her as an independent ‘genius-artist’ we should not forget how, in particular around the turn of the twentieth century, architects were primarily employed by communal, or state administrations. The need for architects in administrations was primarily a consequence of the rising independence of cities and the necessity to react to urbanization and property speculation, and later for the mass housing programs in the aftermath of the First World War.In this paper the professional reality of architects in three countries, Germany, France, and England will be addressed and the relationship of the profession to the administrations will be analyzed. This investigation looks at how architects perceived this relationship and the many advantages it gave them, as well as how their reaction against it was articulated and backed up. In each of these countries architects had a different disciplinary background; these differences will be compared and contrasted. This variance subsequently led to a different perception and attitude towards the relevant administrations. Yet, it ought to be added that no general rule can be extracted from these comparisons, as each architect had their own, unique career path. 

  18. ARCHITECT: The architecture-based technology evaluation and capability tradeoff method

    Science.gov (United States)

    Griendling, Kelly A.

    The use of architectures for the design, development, and documentation of system-of-systems engineering has become a common practice in recent years. This practice became mandatory in the defense industry in 2004 when the Department of Defense Architecture Framework (DoDAF) Promulgation Memo mandated that all Department of Defense (DoD) architectures must be DoDAF compliant. Despite this mandate, there has been significant confusion and a lack of consistency in the creation and the use of the architecture products. Products are typically created as static documents used for communication and documentation purposes that are difficult to change and do not support engineering design activities and acquisition decision making. At the same time, acquisition guidance has been recently reformed to move from the bottom-up approach of the Requirements Generation System (RGS) to the top-down approach mandated by the Joint Capabilities Integration and Devel- opment System (JCIDS), which requires the use of DoDAF to support acquisition. Defense agencies have had difficulty adjusting to this new policy, and are struggling to determine how to meet new acquisition requirements. This research has developed the Architecture-based Technology Evaluation and Capability Tradeoff (ARCHITECT) Methodology to respond to these challenges and address concerns raised about the defense acquisition process, particularly the time required to implement parts of the process, the need to evaluate solutions across capability and mission areas, and the need to use a rigorous, traceable, repeatable method that utilizes modeling and simulation to better substantiate early-phase acquisition decisions. The objective is to create a capability-based systems engineering methodology for the early phases of design and acquisition (specifically Pre-Milestone A activities) which improves agility in defense acquisition by (1) streamlining the development of key elements of JCIDS and DoDAF, (2) moving the

  19. Efficient modeling of plasma wakefield acceleration in quasi-non-linear-regimes with the hybrid code Architect

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marocchino, A.; Massimo, F.; Rossi, A. R.; Chiadroni, E.; Ferrario, M.

    2016-09-01

    In this paper we present a hybrid approach aiming to assess feasible plasma wakefield acceleration working points with reduced computation resources. The growing interest for plasma wakefield acceleration and especially the need to control with increasing precision the quality of the accelerated bunch demands for more accurate and faster simulations. Particle in cell codes are the state of the art technique to simulate the underlying physics, however the run-time represents the major drawback. Architect is a hybrid code that treats the bunch kinetically and the background electron plasma as a fluid, initialising bunches in vacuum so to take into account for the transition from vacuum to plasma. Architect solves directly the Maxwell's equations on a Yee lattice. Such an approach allows us to drastically reduce run time without loss of generality or accuracy up to the weakly non linear regime.

  20. ‘Spector - the sustainability inspector’: Participatory teaching, learning and evaluation game for architects, architecture students and pupils

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brkovic Marta

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Architects, whether they are researchers, practitioners or teachers need better and improved tools to enable them communicate more effectively, change power relationships, co-construct knowledge and engage in real life problems. It is this that stimulated us to develop our own tool in the form of a game to contribute to the debate. Architects should be able to use their creative potential to design innovative tools for evaluating architectural design, and its sustainable aspects. By using such tools they may also be able to put themselves in a teaching role and create a learning experience for participants. Our experience from testing the game internationally in two primary and one secondary school with pupils made us believe that games need serious attention and consideration as a useful alternative to traditional teaching and research tools.

  1. Arhitektid Hilla Rudanko ja Anssi Kankkunen viisid kokku vajadused ja võimalused = Architects Hilla Rudanko and Anssi Kankkunen on need and initiative in architecture / Hilla Rudanko

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rudanko, Hilla

    2011-01-01

    Aalto ülikooli magistrantuuris õppivad Hilla Rudenko ja Anssi Kankkunen (Architects Rudanko Kankkunen) kavandasid Kambodža stuudio raames ümberasustatud Sinise telgi kogukonnale Sra Pou kutsekooli hoone ja leidsid toetusraha maja ehituseks

  2. Le grand Architecte della Compagnie Pseudonymo (2013) e Sonno della compagnia OPERA (2011): due modalità narrative a confronto

    OpenAIRE

    Fabio Raffo

    2016-01-01

    This article wants to argue that the two theatrical shows, Sonno from the Italian company OPERA, and Le Grand Architecte, from the French company Pseudonymo, are model examples of the return to a certain kind of narrative dimension in the contemporary theatre. Over the past years, theatrical theory has often maintained that narrative drama has been completely replaced by visual dramaturgy in contemporary theater. However, an analysis of these two shows suggests that their visual dramaturgy, t...

  3. A New Collaborative Pattern between Landscape Architects and Urban Designers in Environmental Design

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mostafa Behzadfar

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: Nowadays professions such as architecture, landscape architecture and urban design are playing a unique role in environmental design process. Meanwhile architecture is being separated from two other majors: landscape architecture and urban design by paying so much attention to constructing buildings. Landscape architecture and urban design have parallel subjects and goals and both have the intention to improve the quality of urban open spaces. Approach: Since these two majors have partly the same approaches in confronting the topic of urban open spaces design, this study propounded the desirable method of collaboration between the professionals of these two majors. This research defined the role and position, each of these two professions have in the environmental design process by taking advantage of grounded theory procedure and the usage of content analysis, constant comparison and the questionnaire techniques. Results: Ideas found in this research were laying stress on the fact that by considering the three-level system from relations between the parameters: design/planning, control/co-ordination, management/policy making as the main common roles among the urban design and landscape architecture professionals, one can achieve the pattern of an efficient interaction. Conclusion: In this co-operation, landscape architects by preparing plans and implementing details and urban designers by making design structures and standards will obtain a supplemental role in the environmental design process.

  4. Insensitivity to Flaws Leads to Damage Tolerance in Brittle Architected Meta-Materials

    Science.gov (United States)

    Montemayor, L. C.; Wong, W. H.; Zhang, Y.-W.; Greer, J. R.

    2016-02-01

    Cellular solids are instrumental in creating lightweight, strong, and damage-tolerant engineering materials. By extending feature size down to the nanoscale, we simultaneously exploit the architecture and material size effects to substantially enhance structural integrity of architected meta-materials. We discovered that hollow-tube alumina nanolattices with 3D kagome geometry that contained pre-fabricated flaws always failed at the same load as the pristine specimens when the ratio of notch length (a) to sample width (w) is no greater than 1/3, with no correlation between failure occurring at or away from the notch. Samples with (a/w) > 0.3, and notch length-to-unit cell size ratios of (a/l) > 5.2, failed at a lower peak loads because of the higher sample compliance when fewer unit cells span the intact region. Finite element simulations show that the failure is governed by purely tensile loading for (a/w) structural meta-materials may give rise to their damage tolerance and insensitivity of failure to the presence of flaws even when made entirely of intrinsically brittle materials.

  5. European multicenter analytical evaluation of the Abbott ARCHITECT STAT high sensitive troponin I immunoassay

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Krintus, Magdalena; Kozinski, Marek; Boudry, Pascal;

    2014-01-01

    BACKGROUND: International recommendations highlight the superior value of cardiac troponins (cTns) for early diagnosis of myocardial infarction along with analytical requirements of improved precision and detectability. In this multicenter study, we investigated the analytical performance of a new...... of blank (LoB), limit of detection (LoD), limit of quantitation (LoQ) linearity of dilution, interferences, sample type, method comparisons, and 99th percentile URLs were evaluated in this study. RESULTS: Total imprecision of 3.3%-8.9%, 2.0%-3.5% and 1.5%-5.2% was determined for the low, medium and high...... hs-cTnI assay and contemporary cTnI assay at 99th percentile cut-off was found to be 95%. TnI was detectable in 75% and 57% of the apparently healthy population using the lower (1.1 ng/L) and upper (1.9 ng/L) limit of the LoD range provided by the ARCHITECT STAT hs-TnI package insert, respectively...

  6. Architecting the Communication and Navigation Networks for NASA's Space Exploration Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhassin, Kul B.; Putt, Chuck; Hayden, Jeffrey; Tseng, Shirley; Biswas, Abi; Kennedy, Brian; Jennings, Esther H.; Miller, Ron A.; Hudiburg, John; Miller, Dave; Jeffries, Alan; Sartwell, Tom

    2007-01-01

    NASA is planning a series of short and long duration human and robotic missions to explore the Moon and then Mars. A key objective of the missions is to grow, through a series of launches, a system of systems communication, navigation, and timing infrastructure at minimum cost while providing a network-centric infrastructure that maximizes the exploration capabilities and science return. There is a strong need to use architecting processes in the mission pre-formulation stage to describe the systems, interfaces, and interoperability needed to implement multiple space communication systems that are deployed over time, yet support interoperability with each deployment phase and with 20 years of legacy systems. In this paper we present a process for defining the architecture of the communications, navigation, and networks needed to support future space explorers with the best adaptable and evolable network-centric space exploration infrastructure. The process steps presented are: 1) Architecture decomposition, 2) Defining mission systems and their interfaces, 3) Developing the communication, navigation, networking architecture, and 4) Integrating systems, operational and technical views and viewpoints. We demonstrate the process through the architecture development of the communication network for upcoming NASA space exploration missions.

  7. Humdrum Tasks of the Salaried Men: Edwin Williams, a London County Council Architect at War

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nick Beech

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Working at the London County Council Architects’ Department through the 1930s to 1950s, and known (if at all as a member of the design team for the Royal Festival Hall, Edwin Williams is usually presented as a regressive figure, his design work marked by his Beaux Arts training. Using archival evidence and histories of the construction industry, this paper sets out Williams’s role in the organisation of rescue and recovery services in London during the Second World War. The paper argues that through his development of training schools and curricula for Rescue Service personnel, Williams played a key role in the formation of a skilled, mechanised, modern demolition industry. Operating complex emergency projects under extreme conditions, the same contractors and building operatives trained in Williams’s programme were later responsible for the clearance of bomb damaged sites and slums. This paper suggests that certain developments in modern architecture can be considered contingent upon practices of the demolition industry as developed by Williams. By concentrating on the ‘organisation’ and ‘progress’ of production that architects engaged with during the Second World War and after, new configurations of continuity and change emerge in which the ‘humdrum tasks’ of ‘salaried men’ appear crucial.

  8. NCloud - Experimenting with Architecting and Facilitating Utility Services for establishing Educational Cloud

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Madhuri Bhavsar

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Academic Institutions as well as Enterprises all over the globe have become heavily dependent on high performance computing systems for their day to day activities and hence it continues to seek opportunities to rationalize and optimize the utilization of resources. Continuous upgradation  of software and hardware have become important items of those organizations meetings creating budget pressure. In such scenario, Cloud computing services could provide many of those organizations to enhance the productivity keeping the budget expenditure low.The paper discusses the experiments carried out on our educational campus for architecting the cloud – hereafter referred as NCloud (Cloud built on Nirma Campus, configured using open source tools, furnishes the utility services which is leading towards an establishment of  a stepping stone for formation of knowledge cloud. Testbed formed for data center consists of 1 front-end and 16 worker node.  By using NCloud, user will be able to fulfill the demand  of infrastructure as a service in which user is provided an operating system with specific RAM and CPU cores. Utility oriented services in NCloud aims to charge user for what they use. For implementing utility oriented services, analysis of various major cloud providers is done including pricing models. Performance measures on heterogeneous platforms and the results obtained are included in the paper.

  9. Performance Comparison between Two Electrodes and Three Electrodes MEMS Capacitive Switch using Architect Coventorware

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Norhaslinawati Ramli

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the electromechanical and RF performance comparison between two electrodes and three electrodes MEMS capacitive switch using Architect Coventorware. The important of this study is to react to the industries in providing low actuation voltage MEMS capacitive switches with low loss and high isolation and make it possible to be integrated with CMOS circuit. MEMS capacitive switches with three different support structure namely fixed-fixed beam, single meander and double meander have been designed and simulated in both standard and proposed structure. A standard switch consists of two parallel electrodes and a proposed switch consists of three parallel electrodes. Designing using schematic capture begin by selecting the suitable component from electromechanical library to represent membrane, support structure, anchor, bottom electrode, top electrode, ground, transmission line-in and transmission line-out. The schematic diagram has been simulated and translated to 2D layout and 3D model for physical verification. The electromechanical analysis has been carried out using DC Transfer Analysis. In DC Transfer Analysis, the value of pull-in voltage, up-state and down-state capacitance can be attained. In Small Signal Frequency Analysis the value of resonant frequency is obtained. The measurement of RF performance was done using RF Electrical Analysis. Simulation result shows the pull-in voltage for all proposed design has been reduced 40%-50% as compared to their standard counterpart. While the result for other performance including capacitances for three electrodes switch has almost same value as two electrodes structure. The switch indicates low insertion loss (-26dB in the down-state position. This concludes that the additional top membrane does maintain the good electromechanical and RF performance of MEMS capacitive switch.

  10. [Collaboration between Physician Emerich Lindenmayer and Architect Jan Nevole in Restoring the Sokobanja Turkish Bath].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mitrović, Gordana; Nešković, Marina

    2015-01-01

    The Sokobanja Turkish bath is an exceptional example of two-section baths and quite particular in its style, structure type and technology used. It is one of the two of the same type that remained in Serbia and the only one that has retained its original function. About its construction we learn from the Vidin sanjak defter from the second half of the 16th century. In the lavish built heritage inventory, Turkish baths are quite unique secular public structures, playing a prominent role in the development of health culture. Based upon their specific function, these baths possess a special architectural expression, are often monumental, decorative and imaginative in their forms and ornamentation. Prince Miloš initiated repair works of the Soko Banja baths and spa springs immediately after the settlement became a part of the Serbian Principality in 1834. When work on restoring the men's baths started, a separate room with a tub was built for Prince Miloš, while the women's bath remained in ruins. In 1847, the Ministry of Interior sent Dr Emerich Lindenmayer and architect Jan Nevole, as an expert team, to assess the state of the hammam so that it could be included in the undertakings funded from the state budget. After the assessment and review of the existing issues and upon a detailed report submitted to the Ministry of Interior, complex repairs were conducted in 1850, according to Nevole's architectural design and his constant supervision. The approach implemented in the architectural renovation process was based on highly regarded principles of the time, thus preserving both the hammam's original function and its valuable architecture. PMID:26946778

  11. Collaboration between physician Emerich Lindenmayer and architect Jan Nevole in restoring the Sokobanja Turkish bath

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mitrović Gordana

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The Sokobanja Turkish bath is an exceptional example of twosection baths and quite particular in its style, structure type and technology used. It is one of the two of the same type that remained in Serbia and the only one that has retained its original function. About its construction we learn from the Vidin sanjak defter from the second half of the 16th century. In the lavish built heritage inventory, Turkish baths are quite unique secular public structures, playing a prominent role in the development of health culture. Based upon their specific function, these baths possess a special architectural expression, are often monumental, decorative and imaginative in their forms and ornamentation. Prince Miloš initiated repair works of the Soko Banja baths and spa springs immediately after the settlement became a part of the Serbian Principality in 1834. When work on restoring the men’s baths started, a separate room with a tub was built for Prince Miloš, while the women’s bath remained in ruins. In 1847, the Ministry of Interior sent Dr Emerich Lindenmayer and architect Jan Nevole, as an expert team, to assess the state of the hammam so that it could be included in the undertakings funded from the state budget. After the assessment and review of the existing issues and upon a detailed report submitted to the Ministry of Interior, complex repairs were conducted in 1850, according to Nevole’s architectural design and his constant supervision. The approach implemented in the architectural renovation process was based on highly regarded principles of the time, thus preserving both the hammam’s original function and its valuable architecture.

  12. Preliminary evaluation of CEA residual reagent recycling in Abbott ARCHITECT I2000SR%雅培ARCHITECT I2000SR化学发光CEA残余试剂再利用评估

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱波; 沈伟; 黄家勤; 严莉; 彭宇生; 王鹏

    2013-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the performance of recycling about CEA residual reagent in Abbott ARCHITECT I2000SR. Methods Recycle combined residual reagents, to evaluate the detection precision and recovery, and in accordance with the Committee of Clinical Laboratory Standards (NCCLS) EP9-A2 document solutions, comparative tests with the original reagents. Results The residual reagent CEA batch precision is 2.84%-3.69%, inter-day precision is 3.28%-4.86%, the recovery rate is 92.31%-104.53%, are in line with the relevant provisions; the two reagent CEA correlation coefficient r=0.996, the regression equation is Y=1.049X-0.521.The expected bias (Bc) was within allowed bias on the medical decision level (Xc), so two methods can be accepted. Conclusion About Abbott Architect i2000SR, the performance of CEA residual reagents accords with clinical requirement and can be recycled.%目的:评估雅培ARCHITECT I2000SR化学发光仪CEA残余试剂再利用的性能。方法回收合并残余试剂,评价其检测精密度和回收率,并依据美国临床实验室标准化委员会(NCCLS)EP9-A2文件方案,与原装试剂进行对比试验。结果残余试剂检测CEA的批内精密度2.84%~3.69%,天间精密度3.28~4.86%,回收率为92.31%~104.53%,均符合相关规定;两种试剂检测CEA的相关系数r=0.996,回归方程为Y=1.049X-0.521,在各医学决定水平(Xc)的预期偏倚(Bc)在允许偏倚内,两方法相当,可以被接受。结论雅培ARCHITECT I2000SR化学发光仪CEA残余试剂的性能符合临床要求,可以回收再利用。

  13. Architecting the cloud design decisions for cloud computing service models (SaaS, PaaS, and IaaS)

    CERN Document Server

    Kavis, Michael J

    2014-01-01

    An expert guide to selecting the right cloud service model for your business Cloud computing is all the rage, allowing for the delivery of computing and storage capacity to a diverse community of end-recipients. However, before you can decide on a cloud model, you need to determine what the ideal cloud service model is for your business. Helping you cut through all the haze, Architecting the Cloud is vendor neutral and guides you in making one of the most critical technology decisions that you will face: selecting the right cloud service model(s) based on a combination of both business and tec

  14. A Chicago architect in King Arthur's court:Mark Twain, Daniel Burnham, and the modernity of gilded-age imperialism

    OpenAIRE

    Hickman, Timothy

    2014-01-01

    This essay examines works of novelist Mark Twain and architect Daniel Burnham in terms of their contrasting productions of the sense of modernity in late nineteenth century US culture. It explores the consequences of their very different conceptions of the way that the term ‘modernity’ is constructed against and eclipses an imagined past that is also given a geographical location. It is thus a comparative study of the production of the sense of modernity as both a temporal and a spatial conce...

  15. The Perception of Malaysian Architects towards the Implementation of Green Roofs: A Review of Practices, Methodologies and Future Research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zahir M.H. Md.

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The implementation of green roofs or vegetated roof as a sustainable tool to mitigate the Urban Heat Island effect is relatively new in Malaysia. Although it has not been tested on an urban scale, many research findings have indicated that green roofs can contribute towards enhancing the environmental and aesthetical quality of the built environment. It was hypothesized that the low application of green roofs in the Malaysian construction industry is due to the lack of awareness, understanding and experience in its benefits especially among building practitioners. As a result, this research was initiated to determine the perception and understanding of Malaysian architects in green roofs implementation issues, as well as to identify their level of acceptance and readiness. This paper reviews practices and different research approaches in understanding the factors that influence architect’s perception towards the implementation of green roofs in the Malaysian construction industry. Architects were chosen as the only respondents due to their intensive involvement in the conceptualisation, planning, design and construction stage of a built environment project. Extensive literature review was conducted to explore past experiences in green roof implementation and to develop the theoretical framework for this research.

  16. ARCHITECT与TDx测定环孢素A血药浓度相关性研究%Correlation between Whole Blood Cyclosporine Concentration Assayed by ARCHITECT and TDx

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李朋梅; 刘晓; 张镭; 赵莉; 张相林

    2011-01-01

    目的 研究ARCHITECT与TDx两种方法测定环孢素A(CsA)血药浓度结果相关性.方法 利用ARCHITECT和TDx两种方法同时测定CsA血药浓度,以TDx测定值为X,ARCHITECT测定值为Y,进行线性回归,评价其相关性.结果 ARCHITECT测定值均比TDx低,pTDx/pARCHITECT为(1.29±0.22),两种方法的线性相关性较好,回归方程为Y=-26.26+0·993 9X(n=65,r=0.9665).结论 ARCHITECT测定CsA血药浓度结果较TDx偏低,两种方法相关性好,可以进行方法间切换.%OBJECTIVE To evaluate the correlation between the whole blood cyclosporine A (CsA) concentrations by ARCHITECT and TDx monoclonal assay. METHODS A total of 65 samples from renal allograft recipients were determined by ARCHITECT and TDx monoclonal analyzer simultaneously. Regression analyses were performed (ARCHITECT results as dependant, TDx as inde-pendant variable) for the evaluation of correlation. RESULTS ARCHITECT results were all lower than those from TDx. Pm/ Parchttect was (1.29 ±0.22). There existed good correlation with least-squares equation Y= -26.26 +0.993 9X(n =65,r =0.966 5). CONCLUSION There is good correlation between ARCHITECT and TDx assay results. ARCHITECT has achieved a definite improvement in specificity for the parent drug compared with TDx. It can be used for routine monitoring of CsA

  17. 从住宅设计看日本建筑师的传承性%The Inherited Character of Japanese Architects:From House Design in Japan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    殷实; 徐燊

    2011-01-01

    日本建筑师在国际建筑设计界中一直扮演着异军的角色.细观日本建筑的发展,可以察觉到很多建筑师之间的传承性.该文通过分析东京工业大学建筑学系的传承脉络,以及各建筑师的住宅设计手法和理论,来阐释日本建筑的发展和传承特征.%the Japanese architects have been ploying a maverick role in the international architecture industry. The inherited character among many Japanese architects can be detected, when people pay attention to the development of architecture in Japan. This thesis explains the development of architecture in Japan and the inherited character ol Japanese architects by analysising the venotion ol inheritance in the deportment of architecture ol Tokyo institute ol Technology and the methods of house design ond theories ol architects.

  18. En recuerdo de la Arquitecta Angela Schweitzer Lopetegui. / Words in tribute to the architect Angela Schweitzer Lopetegui on the occasion of his death.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guzmán Alvarez,l Euclides

    2002-07-01

    Full Text Available En memoria de una distinguida investigadora ex- alumna y ex-profesora de la F.A.U. de la Universidad de Chile. /Words in tribute to the architect Angela Schweitzer Lopetegui on the occasion of his death.

  19. Le grand Architecte della Compagnie Pseudonymo (2013 e Sonno della compagnia OPERA (2011: due modalità narrative a confronto

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabio Raffo

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available This article wants to argue that the two theatrical shows, Sonno from the Italian company OPERA, and Le Grand Architecte, from the French company Pseudonymo, are model examples of the return to a certain kind of narrative dimension in the contemporary theatre. Over the past years, theatrical theory has often maintained that narrative drama has been completely replaced by visual dramaturgy in contemporary theater. However, an analysis of these two shows suggests that their visual dramaturgy, their construction of sounds and lights, as well as the performer’s actions want to evoke in spectators clear narrative associations. I will set out by presenting the state of the art and the artistic process of the two companies, to then focus on the way in which these two shows produce a wealth of narrative associations in the audience.

  20. Modified Analytical Hierarchy Process (M-AHP) Based River-Line Flood Hazard Assessment Module Running on GIS: Netcad Architect Environment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Avdac, Dogus; Poyraz, Mert; Nefeslioglu, Hakan A.; Sezer, Ebru A.; Toptas, Tunc E.; Celik, Deniz; Orhun, Koray; Osna, Turgay; Ak, Serdar; Gokceoglu, Candan

    2014-05-01

    The main purpose of the present study is to introduce an expert based river-line flood hazard assessment approach, and develop a module running this approach on Netcad Architect environment. The spatial variability of river-line flood hazard was evaluated by considering two components of the phenomenon. The first component defines the heuristic infiltration rates of ground while the second one expresses the heuristic potential of water accumulation. In order to model these heuristic concepts geological, geomorphological, and environmental factors were implemented. Soil erosion observed on residual soils of volcanic rocks, slope gradient and slope aspect of natural topography, and normalized difference vegetation index acquired from natural vegetation were considered to be the primary conditioning factors controlling the infiltration rates during possible short-term or long-term rainfall events. Additionally, the slope gradient of topography, drainage channel density, and topographic wetness index of ground being one of the second derivatives of topography were evaluated to be the main conditioning factors controlling water accumulation on ground. The conditioning factors evaluated in the present study were handled in Netcad GIS 6.0 environment. Netcad GIS 6.0 has all of the abilities which expected from a traditional GIS. Additionally, it has a new module namely Netcad Architect which enables to describe processes visually. The majority of the Architect was developed within ".Net". The main concept of the Architect is "Operator" and it corresponds the complex routines which maps inputs coming from data sources to output. As can be seen from this definition, the M-AHP and other expert based approaches could be easily defined as new operators in the Architect. Some of operators are specifically named as "Geocalculator" which provides templates for different forms of linear formulae. Similarly, operators which present templates of matrix are called as "Geokernel". The

  1. Performance verification of Abbott ARCHITECT i2000 in detecting B type natriuretic peptide%雅培 ARCHITECT i2000检测 B-型脑尿钠肽性能验证

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗利梅; 王凤学; 郑光柄

    2015-01-01

    Objective To verify the analysis performance of the Abbott ARCHITECT i2000 system in the detection of B type brain natriuretic peptide ( BNP) , to ensure that the performance of the measure method could satisfy the quality requirements of laboratory and clinical diagnosis and treatment.Methods According to the method of CLSI EP15 -A2 file to verify the trueness and precision, and the reportable range was verified according to the method of CLSI EP6-A file.Results Laboratory variation coefficients ( CVl) of low and high values BNP were 3.43%and 2.89%, both were lower than the precision of 6.7%and 4.1%that manufacturers declared.The calibration value 75 pg/ml and 2500 pg/ml of BNP calibrator provided by manufacturer were included in the 95%confidence region of measured value.The relative biases between measured results and target values of 5 external quality assessment (EQA) samples provided by national center clinical laboratories(NCCL) were between -10.89% and 3.86%, all biases were in the allowable error range.The BNP analytical measurement range was from 10.23 to 4382.67pg/ml, basically consistent with the linear range of 10 to 5000 pg/ml provided by the manufacturers, the maximum dilution was 5 times, which consistent with dilution ratio of the instrument, the reportable range was 10.23-21913.35 pg/ml.Conclusions Trueness, precision and reportable range of BNP measured by Abbott ARCHITECT i2000 were verified, the analysis performance is satisfied the quality requirements of clinical laboratory and clinical diagnosis and treatment.%目的:验证雅培ARCHITECT i2000检测B型脑尿钠肽( BNP)的分析性能,确保检测方法的性能满足实验室及临床诊疗的质量要求。方法按CLSI EP15-A2文件的方法进行了正确度和精密度验证,按CLSI EP6-A文件的方法进行可报告范围进行验证。结果低值、高值样品BNP测定的实验室变异系数( CVl)分别为3.43%和2.89%,均

  2. Engineering Multi-scale Electrospun Structure for Integration into Architected 3-D Nanofibers for Cimex Annihilation: Fabrication and Mechanism Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    He, Shan; Zhang, Linxi; Liu, Ying; Rafailovich, Miriam; Garcia Center for Polymers at Engineered Interfaces Team

    In this study, engineered electrospun scaffolds with fibers oriented with designed curvature in three dimensions (3D) including the looped structure were developed based on the principle of electrostatic repulsion. Here we illustrate that 3D electrospun recycled polystyrene fibers could closely mimic the unique architectures of multi-direction and multi-layer nano-spiderweb. In contrast to virgin PS, the recycled PS (Dart Styrofoam) are known to contain zinc stearate which acts as a surfactant resulting in higher electrical charge and larger fiber curvature, hence, lower modulus. The surfactant, which is known to decrease the surface tension, may have also been effective at decreasing the confinement of the PS, where chain stretching was shown to occur, in response to the high surface tension at the air interface. Three dimensional flexible architecture with complex structures are shown to be necessary in order to block the motion of Cimex lectularius. Here we show how an engineered electrospun network of surfactant modified polymer fibers with calculated dimensions can be used to immobilize the insects. The mechanical response of the fibers has to be specifically tailored so that it is elastically deformed, without fracturing or flowing. Carefully controlling and tailoring the electrospinning parameters we can now utilize architected 3D nanofiber to create an environmental-friendly Cimex immobilization device which can lead to annihilation solution for all the other harmful insects.

  3. Electromagnetic self-consistent field initialization and fluid advance techniques for hybrid-kinetic PWFA code Architect

    Science.gov (United States)

    Massimo, F.; Marocchino, A.; Rossi, A. R.

    2016-09-01

    The realization of Plasma Wakefield Acceleration experiments with high quality of the accelerated bunches requires an increasing number of numerical simulations to perform first-order assessments for the experimental design and online-analysis of the experimental results. Particle in Cell codes are the state-of-the-art tools to study the beam-plasma interaction mechanism, but due to their requirements in terms of number of cores and computational time makes them unsuitable for quick parametric scans. Considerable interest has been shown thus in methods which reduce the computational time needed for the simulation of plasma acceleration. Such methods include the use of hybrid kinetic-fluid models, which treat the relativistic bunches as in a PIC code and the background plasma electrons as a fluid. A technique to properly initialize the bunch electromagnetic fields in the time explicit hybrid kinetic-fluid code Architect is presented, as well the implementation of the Flux Corrected Transport scheme for the fluid equations integrated in the code.

  4. The Architect, the Planner and the Bishop: the Shapers of ‘Ordinary’ Dublin, 1940–60

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ellen Rowley

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available From the 1930s through the 1960s, Dublin’s development occurred at its periphery: wheels of narrow roadways punctuated by green spaces provided the low-density frameworks for terraced residential boxes surmounted by pitched roofs and fronted by pocket gardens. Vast structures of ecclesiastic authority, Catholic (determinedly revivalist church building and the suite of Catholic (tentatively modernist schools were presented as support structures for mass housing, thereby completing the image and experience of Dublin’s new mid-twentieth-century suburbs.Taking the 1950s genesis of one vast north Dublin neighbourhood, Raheny/Coolock, as a case study, this paper sets previously unexamined archive material from the local Catholic bishopric and Dublin Corporation alongside critical thinking about Irish Catholicism and postwar suburbia generally. Startling hand-drawn maps by local priests reveal how John Charles McQuaid, archbishop of Dublin from 1940–71, influenced Dublin’s planning processes and controlled the architectural flavour of swathes of developing parishes. This paper seeks to unpick the variously silent and active roles of the architect, the planning office, the patron and the user, in the making of the more recent, everyday built environment that is Irish suburbia.

  5. PHP|architect's guide to PHP security a step-by-step guide to writing secure and reliable PHP applications

    CERN Document Server

    Alshanetsky, Ilia

    2005-01-01

    With the number of security flaws and exploits discovered and released every day constantly on the rise, knowing how to write secure and reliable applications is become more and more important every day. Written by Ilia Alshanetsky, one of the foremost experts on PHP security in the world, php|architect's Guide to PHP Security focuses on providing you with all the tools and knowledge you need to both secure your existing applications and writing new systems with security in mind. This book gives you a step-by-step guide to each security-related topic, providing you with real-world examples of proper coding practices and their implementation in PHP in an accurate, concise and complete way. Provides techniques applicable to any version of PHP, including 4.x and 5.x Includes a step-by-step guide to securing your applications Includes a comprehensive coverage of security design Teaches you how to defend yourself from hackers Shows you how to distract hackers with a "tar pit" to help you fend off potential attacks...

  6. Social responsibility of the architect under the vision of professional ethics%职业伦理视野下建筑师的社会责任

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    戴秋思

    2012-01-01

    In this paper,taking the analysis of two popular cultural events in the field of architecture current as an entry point,the author gives a deep thought on the social responsibility of the local architects.Through the rational analysis based on the architect of professional ethics,the thesis gives a interpretation about the social responsibility of the architect from four aspects: become creators for city beautification movement,the person promoting sustainable development of environmental awareness,disseminators for architectural and cultural knowledge and social workers for the national economy and people's livelihood.%以当前建筑界两个热门的文化事件为切入点,对本土建筑师的社会责任进行了深刻反思。通过对建筑师职业伦理的理性分析,从成为城市美化运动的创造者、可持续人居环境意识的推动者、建筑文化知识的传播者、国计民生的社会工作者4个方面对建筑师的社会责任做了诠释。

  7. Reading Muranów. Memory of a place / memory of an architect. Commentary on the postwar work of Bohdan Lachert

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Uchowicz, Katarzyna

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The text concentrates on the concept of South Muranów – a residential quarter / monument realised in the area of the Warsaw ghetto by the architect Bohdan Lachert. It attempts to show this work as an artistic myth created by the artist. An analysis of the architect's texts and a reconstruction of the circumstances in which the project was realised, as well as the details of Lachert's biography reveal new layers of this architectonic palimpsest. Clear references to the bold visions of Śródmieście (City Centre by Maciej Nowicki and an adaptation for the purposes of residential quarter / place of memory experiments at transforming rubble, popular in the 1940s, provoke questions about the originality of the concept of Muranów, whose unquestionable value is the spatial composition stemming from pioneering experiments by Katarzyna Kobro, organic architecture of Frank Lloyd Wright, and Nowicki'c new functionalism. The history of the quarter is at the same time a microcosm of the initial years of rebuilding Warsaw and of the socialist realist chaos after 1949, as well as a record of the search for artistic subjectivity of a Modernist architect in a new reality.

  8. 开放式座舱显示系统关键技术研究与实现%Research and Simulation on Open- architect Cockpit Display System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹猛; 孙永荣; 王岩; 周晓达; 黄鸣丰

    2011-01-01

    随着综合化航空电子技术的发展,众多的航空电子设备被开发出来,如何使用一个统一的、开放的显示通信接口变得尤为重要.ARINC 661作为一个标准,对座舱显示系统和用户应用系统进行了定义并规范化,对模块化的航空电子系统的开发具有重要的意义.基于ARINC 661规范,分析研究了开放式CDS(Cockpit Display System)结构,对开放式CDS系统中的窗体部件串行化、ARINC 661指令层实现、坐标系统与部件渲染等关键技术进行了研究,并通过模拟的座舱显示系统进行了实验验证,证明研究所取得的成果是可行的.%As the development of avionic, more and more avionic system was designed. It is very important to use a unified open- architect cockpit display interface. ARINC 661 is a standard which normalizes the interface between CDS (Cockpit Display System) and UA( User Application). This open- architect system is very useful for developing avionic system. This paper is based on ARINC 661 specification and discusses the details of some key techniques including serialization of widgets, ARINC 661 command protocol, coordinate system and rendering widgets of a open- architect CDS. At last it shows a set of UA and CDS software which are running in a emulation environment.

  9. Energy design for architects

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shaw, A. (ed.)

    1989-01-01

    This book contains techniques for energy efficiency in architectural design. Many aspects are covered including: cost; comfort and health; energy use; the design process; and analytical techniques. 202 figs. (JF)

  10. Reiulf Ramstad Architects

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    and was influenced by, among others, Aldo Rossi, Carlo Scarpa, and later by Sverre Fehn, whose unique design language, animated use of materials, and sense of tactility he has managed to both carry on and reinterpret. Ramstad has won several international prizes and competitions for his outstanding projects...

  11. Architects of the Intellect.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fogarty, Robin

    1999-01-01

    Today's best constructivist teaching reflects the legacies of educational visionaries such as John Dewey, Jean Piaget, Lev Vygotsky, Reuven Feuerstein, Howard Gardner, and Marian Diamond. Creative cognitive designs stem from three essential elements: creative teaching genius, excellent instructional methods, and expansive, interconnective…

  12. Architecting social TV

    Science.gov (United States)

    Figuerola Salas, Óscar; Kalva, Hari

    2013-09-01

    Video consumption patterns continue to change with consumers relying more and more on on-demand Internet video and portable devices rather than traditional TV services. This new form of video service delivery and consumption makes possible more interactive and social experiences for video consumers, commonly referred to as Social TV services. This paper presents an overview of technologies and guidelines for the development of Social TV applications. A prototype using three core technologies, WebRTC, DASH, and WebSocket was developed to understand the challenges and demonstrate the feasibility of such applications.

  13. ABBOTTARCHITECTC16000全自动生化分析仪性能评价%Evaluation on performance of ABBOTT ARCHITECT C16000 automatic biochemistry analyzer

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张娟; 蒋小燕; 李顺君; 黄文芳

    2014-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the main performance of ABBOTT ARCHITECT C160000 biochemistry analyzer,and to judge whether the performance meets the laboratory requirement.Methods According to the clinical laboratory management meth-od and the requirement of accreditation of national laboratory,the precision,accuracy and linearity of the 17 test items(Urea,Cre, UA,Glu,etc.)were analyzed by the CLSI EP5-A2 document,CLSI EP9-A2 document and CLSI EP6-P document;the quotative ref-erence ranges of the 17 test items were verified.Results The coefficient of variation(CV)in within-batch precision of Urea,Cre, UA,Glu,etc.was ≤1/4 CLIA′88 standard and CV in the between-batch precision ≤1/3CLIA′88 standard;in the accuracy test,the relative bias of the 17 test items≤1/2CLIA′88 standard;the linearity of the 17 items was good(r2 >0.95);the cited reference range of various detection items was suitable.Conclusion The performance of the ABBOTT ARCHITECT C160000 automatic biochem-istry analyzer meets the laboratory demand.%目的:对 ABBOTT ARCHITECT C16000生化分析仪主要性能进行评价,判断其是否能够满足本科实验室需求。方法依照实验室管理办法及国家实验室认可的要求,分别采用美国临床和实验室标准化协会(CLSI)的 EP5-A2、EP9-A2和EP6-A 文件评价方法分析尿素(Urea)、肌酐(Cre)、尿酸(UA)和葡萄糖(Glu)等17项检测项目的精密度、准确度和线性;并对各检测项目引用的参考区间进行验证。结果 ABBOTT ARCHITECT C16000生化分析仪 Urea、Cre、UA、Glu 等17项检测项目批内精密度变异系数(CV)均小于或等1/4CLIA′88标准,批间精密度 CV 均小于或等于1/3CLIA′88标准;在准确度试验中,该17项检测项目的相对偏倚均小于或等于1/2CLIA′88标准;线性良好(r2>0.95);各检测项目引用的参考区间合适。结论 ABBOTT ARCHITECT C16000生化分析仪性能满足本实验室需求。

  14. 罗氏 Cobas e601与雅培 Architect i2000检测乙肝表面抗原的比较%Comparison of HBsAg Results between Roche Cobas e601 and Abbott Architect i2000 analysis systems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙彬; 李康; 吴纯; 郭奉洁; 白光亮; 董梅

    2014-01-01

    目的:比较罗氏电化学发光检测仪Cobas e601与雅培化学发光微粒子免疫分析仪Architect i2000检测乙肝表面抗原的结果。方法选取在雅培 i2000检测仪上检测乙肝表面抗原结果为有反应性,且定量结果小于250 IU/mL 的标本,同时在罗氏 e601进行检测,分析比较检测结果间的差别,并进行直线相关和回归分析。结果共检测46份临床标本,剔除1份两台仪器上检测结果反应性不符的标本外,其余结果具有很好的相关性。其中雅培检测值为0.05~1.00 IU/mL 的15份,两者的直线回归方程为Y =17.49X +0.843,相关系数 r=0.979;1.1~10.00 IU/mL 的15份,两者的直线回归方程为Y =15.72X +21.06,相关系数 r=0.952;11~250 IU/mL 的15份,两者的直线回归方程为Y =29.17X -129,相关系数 r=1.000。结论两种方法的检测结果具有很好的相关性,并可以通过公式进行相互换算。%Objective To compare the difference of the HBsAg detected results between the Roche cobas e601 electrochemilumi-nescence immunoassay instrument and the Abbott Architect i2000chemiluminescent microparticle immunoassay instrument.Methods The HBsAg positive specimens with the quantitation results of lower than 250IU/mL detected by the Abbott Architect i2000 were selected and simultaneously detected by the Roche cobas e601.The differences of detected results were compared and per-formed the linear correlation and analysis regression.Results 46 clinical specimens were detected.The detected results had best correlation between the two instruments by getting rid of 1 specimen with unconformable reactivity of detected results.15 speci-mens had the HBsAg detected result of 0.05-1.00 IU/mL by the Abbott Architect i2000,the linear regression equation was Y =17.49X+0.843(r=0.979);15 specimens had the HBsAg detected result of 1.1 -10.00 IU/mL IU/mL by the Abbott Architect i2000,the linear

  15. Relationship between Perfectionism and Job Burnout of Architects%建筑设计师完美主义与工作倦怠的关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李洁; 甘怡群; 周宇

    2012-01-01

    To explore the relationship between perfectionism and job burnout, 203 architects were measured with FMPS, Brief COPE, and MBI-GS. The data was analyzed with the structural equation mode. There were significant negative correlation between worrying about mistake and job burnout, and significant positive correlation between order and job burnout. Avoiding coping mediates partly the relationship between worrying about mistake and job burnout, totally the relationship between order and job burnout. Avoiding coping maybe have mediate effect between perfectionism and job burnout of architect. Adaptive and non-adaptive perfectionism have different meaning for occupation.%为探索完美主义与工作倦怠之间的关系,选取北京某设计院在职建筑设计师203名,用Frost多维完美主义量表、简版应对方式问卷以及工作倦怠量表MBI-GS进行调查,并利用结构方程模型进行分析。结果显示:完美主义的错误在意维度与工作倦怠负相关显著;完美主义秩序维度与工作倦怠正相关显著。回避应对在错误在意和工作倦怠之间起部分中介作用,在高秩序和工作倦怠之间起完全中介作用。建筑设计师完美主义的适应维度与非适应维度不同于其他样本。

  16. Architects Performance Appraisal System Design%建筑师事务所绩效考核管理体系设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡红; 李树贤

    2013-01-01

    Modern management information is becoming an important way to create competitive advantage for bussiness,the core competitiveness of architects are those knowledge-based workers who have expertise,skills and professional knowledge,therefore,the enterprises have an urgent need for performance management information system which aims at its designer to motivate employees and improve its competitiveness.The paper bases on theories of performance evaluation,knowledge-based employee performance appraisal,uses the MBO,the KPI,the Balanced Score Card and so on,to study and design a performance appraisal system and management information system for architects.%现代企业管理信息化已成为创造企业竞争优势的重要手段.建筑师事务所的核心竞争力就是那些拥有专业技术、技能与专业知识的设计人员,因此,其迫切需要构筑针对设计人员的绩效考核管理信息系统,以激励员工、提升企业的竞争力.以绩效考核、知识型员工绩效考核相关理论为基础,综合运用目标管理法、关键绩效指标考核法、平衡计分卡等方法,研究搭建适合建筑师事务所的绩效考核体系和管理信息模型.

  17. FORMATION OF THE IMAGE OF AN ARCHITECT IN THE RENAISSANCE WORKS (EXEMPLIFIED BY THE WORKS OF L.B. ALBERTI "DE RE AEDIFICATORIA" (1485 AND F. COLONNA "HYPNEROTOMACHIA POLIPHILI" (1499

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Semenova Yuliya Sergeevna

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The author considers the process of development of the architect's personality depicted in Vitruvy's uomo universale and as a scientist-theorist based on the work of L.B. Alberti where his role is the one of the founder of the imaginary world generated in the XVIIth century. The image of an architect is not static, it is transformable. Each time changes in the architectural mode of thinking, as well as in science, technology and arts, are reflected in his "faces". The paper represents a comparative analysis of antique, medieval, renaissance architectural consciousness of the XVIIth century. The idea of a universally educated personality (uomo universale, generated by Vitruvy, loses its importance in the Middle Ages. According to Alberti, the true goal of an architect was reduced to consideration of a plan and to its implementation in detailed drawings. That was already enough to speak about the project as a work of architectural art. In that case implementation of a project in reality became the business of workers rather than architects. Ideas of Alberti will find their reflection in the almost unknown novel and treatise that dates back to the end of the XVth century. It is entitled "Hypnerotomachia Poliphili'. Its authorship is attributed to Francesco Colonna, a Venetian monk. The model of «the paper architecture» which deals with ideas, rather than their material implementation will be more explicit here. (In spite of the fact, that the concept of the «paper architecture» is related to the name of G. B. Piranesi, architect of the XVIIIth century, the sources of this phenomenon are found in the Age of the Renaissance. Colonna actually cited Alberti, telling him to deal with the plan in his soul, "to always keep its completeness and wholeness", and not to fall to the level of simple builders and make building decorations. However the author of "Hypnerotomachia Poliphili", in his turn, overcomes the architectural tradition of Early

  18. A Delphi-Based Framework for systems architecting of in-orbit exploration infrastructure for human exploration beyond Low Earth Orbit

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aliakbargolkar, Alessandro; Crawley, Edward F.

    2014-01-01

    The current debate in the U.S. Human Spaceflight Program focuses on the development of the next generation of man-rated heavy lift launch vehicles. While launch vehicle systems are of critical importance for future exploration, a comprehensive analysis of the entire exploration infrastructure is required to avoid costly pitfalls at early stages of the design process. This paper addresses this need by presenting a Delphi-Based Systems Architecting Framework for integrated architectural analysis of future in-orbit infrastructure for human space exploration beyond Low Earth Orbit. The paper is structured in two parts. The first part consists of an expert elicitation study to identify objectives for the in-space transportation infrastructure. The study was conducted between November 2011 and January 2012 with 15 senior experts involved in human spaceflight in the United States and Europe. The elicitation study included the formation of three expert panels representing exploration, science, and policy stakeholders engaged in a 3-round Delphi study. The rationale behind the Delphi approach, as imported from social science research, is discussed. Finally, a novel version of the Delphi method is presented and applied to technical decision-making and systems architecting in the context of human space exploration. The second part of the paper describes a tradespace exploration study of in-orbit infrastructure coupled with a requirements definition exercise informed by expert elicitation. The uncertainties associated with technical requirements and stakeholder goals are explicitly considered in the analysis. The outcome of the expert elicitation process portrays an integrated view of perceived stakeholder needs within the human spaceflight community. Needs are subsequently converted into requirements and coupled to the system architectures of interest to analyze the correlation between exploration, science, and policy goals. Pareto analysis is used to identify architectures

  19. L’architecture du discours, du caractère au type : Quatremère de Quincy et l’inversion des valeurs de l’architecte à la fin de l'âge classique

    OpenAIRE

    Salom, Kerim

    2014-01-01

    L'étude examine les rapports entre théorie de l'architecture et réflexions sur l'art à la fin de l'âge classique. À travers l'analyse du discours sur l'architecture, en considérant l'architecte comme un auteur, la recherche envisage la question de l'expressivité de l'objet architectural. Elle porte sur l'esthétique des architectes, en tant que théorie de la sensation du beau. Deux mots sont ainsi étudiés dans leur discours : caractère et type. Deux concepts qui résument à eux seuls deux théor...

  20. Preprint of the Fall 1996 Meeting of the Society of Naval Architects of Japan; Nippon zosen gakkai (1996 nen) shuki koen ronbun maezuri

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-12-31

    Among the papers made public in the Fall 1996 Meeting of the Society of Naval Architects of Japan, 35 papers pertaining to structure, materials, welding, construction and design were summed up as the second book. Concerning structure and materials relations, the book included papers titled An elasto-plastic analysis and the resisting mechanism during large deflection of thin shell structures; Collapse behaviour of stiffened plating under thrust; Post-yield behavior of ship plates; Strength of aluminum alloy members for hull structures; etc. With relation to welding and construction relations, Fatigue strength evaluation method using local and structural stress concentration factors for weld toe of welded joint; Practical evaluation of CTOD for highly strain concentrated structural components; Evaluation of HAZ fracture toughness of welded joints with strength mis-matching by the local approach; etc. As to the design relation, A study of structural optimization design system based on product model in shipbuilding; Basic studies on design supporting system of offshore structures; etc.

  1. Preprint of the papers of the Spring 1997 Meeting of the Society of Naval Architects of Japan; Nippon zosen gakkai (1997 nen) shunki koen ronbun maezuri

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-08-01

    This is a proceedings of the Spring 1997 Meeting of the Society of Naval Architects of Japan. It includes 19 papers on structures, materials, welding, building, design and machinery of ships and floating structures. For the automation of ocean surveys, a development is conducted of cruising-type autonomous underwater vehicles (AUV). The following are important studies: `Development of a small cruising-type AUV and training of constant altitude swimming,` `Visual feedback navigation for cable tracking by autonomous underwater vehicles,` and `Development of the hull inspection robot (RTV-SHIP).` Large floating bodies for the ocean space utilization are being proposed, and the following are useful for strength analyses: `Structural analyses of very large semi-submersibles in waves,` `An investigation on the dynamic response and strength of very long floating structures by beam modeling on an elastic foundation` relating especially to pontoon-type floating bodies with no mooring, and `A basic investigation on deflection wave propagation and strength of very large floating structures.` The title `Temperature effect on corrosion fatigue strength of coated ship structural steel` is very useful for prevention of the hull corrosion.

  2. FIRST STEPS IN URBAN PLANNING OF BULGARIAN CITIES WITH PARTICIPATION OF CZECH ARCHITECTS AND ENGINEERS AT THE TURN OF 19TH AND 20TH CENTURIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nikolay Brankov

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This article focuses on beginnings of the urban planning and first organized planning activities of Bulgarian cities at the turn of 19th and 20th centuries when many Czech engineers and architects participated in significantly. A common feature of all Bulgarian cities was irregular structure and build-up area. The main task of the Czech engineers was to cope with this situation and to design modern cities. In general, the original structure did not make planning easy and unambiguous. Planning of the cities destroyed in the Russian-Turkish war in 1877-78 was easier. A possibility to apply a new city structure freely existed in Stara Zagora and partially in Nova Zagora. A usual principle was straightening of the streets where the engineers used original street network and the new modern streets were built according to it, e.g. the centre of Kystendil and the old part of Nova Zagora. These principles were used also in some central parts of Sofia and Plovdiv. The city of Sofia itself is a distinctive example. Although the original structure was preserved during the war and in the first steps the principle of straightening of the streets in the centre was applied, the other parts of Sofia were designed with a new structure and the old city disappeared. Plovdiv is in contrary to Sofia and its original structure was preserved as an old city and the new one was joined to it in neighbourhoods.

  3. Preprint of the Fall 1996 Meeting of the Society of Naval Architects of Japan; Nippon zosen gakkai (1996 nen) shuki koen ronbun maezuri

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-12-31

    Among the papers made public in the Fall 1996 Meeting of the Society of Naval Architects of Japan, 40 papers pertaining to resistance, propulsion, motion, and ocean were summed up as the first book. Concerning the resistance relation, the book included papers titled Analysis of wave-making characteristics of ship form by Mathieu function expansions of wave-amplitude functions derived from wave analysis; Studies on surface tension effect on free surface flow around floating models; Numerical computation of viscous flows with free surface around a series 60 model; etc. As to the propulsion and motion, Design system for optimum contra-rotating propellers; Performance of the patrol icebreaker `TESHIO` in ice-covered waters; A study on effect of bow shape on icebreaking resistance; Time domain analysis of ship response in directional irregular wave; Study on prediction method for hydrodynamic force acting on a ship hull in swaying motion; etc. With relation to the ocean relation, On statistical properties of wave amplitudes in stormy sea; Statistical properties of encounter wave grouping phenomena in following and quartering seas; Development of hybrid type on board measuring system for directional wave spectrum; etc.

  4. Preprint of the papers of the Spring 1997 Meeting of the Society of Naval Architects of Japan; Nippon zoen gakkai (1997 nen) shunki koen ronbun mazezuri

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-08-01

    This is a proceedings of the Spring 1997 Meeting of the Society of Naval Architects of Japan. It includes 21 papers on resistance, propulsion, movement and ocean relating to ships and floating structures. Recently, large floating structures have been regarded as promising as ocean structures having potential usability for floating airports, etc., and the response to lots of waves is being studied. The title `Numerical response analysis of a large pontoon-type or mat-type floating structure in regular waves` will be useful. Moreover, the pontoon-type floating body being proposed as the floating airport is very large having a length of 5,000m and a width of 1,000m, but very small having a thickness of 5m at thickest, several figures smaller than the dimension of the horizontal plane. Therefore, it is predicted that large elastic deformation is induced by dynamic external force such as waves. Accordingly, the title `On the prediction of hydroelastic behaviors of a huge floating structure in waves` is a useful paper.

  5. Age- and Gender-Specific Reference Intervals for Fasting Blood Glucose and Lipid Levels in School Children Measured With Abbott Architect c8000 Chemistry Analyzer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tamimi, Waleed; Albanyan, Esam; Altwaijri, Yasmin; Tamim, Hani; Alhussein, Fahad

    2012-04-01

    Reference intervals for pubertal characteristics are influenced by genetic, geographic, dietary and socioeconomic factors. Therefore, the aim of this study was to establish age-specific reference intervals of glucose and lipid levels among local school children. This was cross-sectional study, conducted among Saudi school children. Fasting blood samples were collected from 2149 children, 1138 (53%) boys and 1011 (47%) girls, aged 6 to 18 years old. Samples were analyzed on the Architect c8000 Chemistry System (Abbott Diagnostics, USA) for glucose, cholesterol, triglycerides, HDL and LDL. Reference intervals were established by nonparametric methods between the 2.5th and 97.5th percentiles. Significant differences were observed between boys and girls for cholesterol and triglycerides levels in all age groups (P < 0.02). Only at age 6-7 years and at adolescents, HDL and LDL levels were found to be significant (P < 0.001). No significant differences were seen in glucose levels except at age 12 to 13 years. Saudi children have comparable serum cholesterol levels than their Western counterparts. This may reflect changing dietary habits and increasing affluence in Saudi Arabia. Increased lipid screening is anticipated, and these reference intervals will aid in the early assessment of cardiovascular and diabetes risk in Saudi pediatric populations.

  6. Information Requirements of Landscape Architects Çağdaş Bir Mesleğin Belge-Bilgi Gereksinimi: Peyzaj Mimarlığı

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oya Akkan

    1993-09-01

    Full Text Available Text of a speech given on 1 April 1993 during the Library Week . Difficulties faced by landcape architects, who do research work, in access to information have been expressed as lack of guidance on how and where to find information; limited open hours or not being able to take photocopies even if the service is open beyond office hours; lack of a thesaurus for landscape architecture to choose the right terms for an online literature search; insufficiency of the number of periodicals available in the country; lack of copying facilities for nonbook materials such as plans, slides, engravings, sound and video cassettes. Konuşmada, peyzaj mimarlarının bilgi edinme konusunda karşılaştıkları sorunlar, hangi bilginin nerede bulunduğunu saptamada karşılaşılan güçlükler, yöneltici rehber kaynakların eksikliği; kütüphane ve bilgi merkezlerinin açık olduğu saatlerin resmi çalışma saaatleri ile çakışması ya da bu saatlerin dışında açık olsalar bile fotokopi alınamaması, çevrimiçi yayın taraması yaptırabilmek için doğru anahtar sözcükleri seçmek için bir gömünün olmayışı; konuyla ilgili yeterli sayıda dergi bulunmaması; kitap dışı materyallere erişim ve kopya almada karşılaşılan güçlükler olarak dile getirilmiştir.

  7. The Performance Validation of Three Kinds Tumor Markers Measured by ABBOTT ARCHITECT I2000%雅培ARCHITECT i2000 SR型全自动免疫发光仪测量3种肿瘤标记物的性能验证

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘洋; 葛亮; 顾万建; 徐天

    2014-01-01

    目的:通过对科室购入的雅培ARCHITECT i2000 SR型全自动免疫发光仪3种瘤标志物的性能验证,探讨全自动免疫发光仪合适有效的验证方案和实验方法。方法按CLSI 推荐的方法测定3种肿瘤标志物(CAl25Ⅱ,CA153,CAl99-XR)的精密度、准确度、性范围、生物参考区间,并进行验证。结果3项肿瘤标志物的方法学评价结果均符合本科室的质量要求。结论雅培ARCHITECT i2000化学发光分析仪检测系统性能满足临床和科室要求,评价方案科学适当。仪器应按要求保养,每年至少进行一次性能验证。设备商提供的数据必须经过科室严格的性能评价,以验证厂家声明,保证实验结果准确可靠。%Objective By validating the performance of three kinds tumor marks to explore appropriate and effective programs of verification and experimental methods for automatic immune luminescence instrument .Results Three tumor markers methodological evaluation results are in line with the quality of the undergraduate chamber .Conclusions The performance of Abbott ARCHITECT i 2000 chemiluminescent analyzer system meet the requirements of clinical and labo -ratory.The evaluating programs are scientific and appropriate .The instrument must be maintained according to the re-quirements and complete performance verification at least once a year.Data supplied by equipment must undergo rigorous performance evaluation of department to verify the declare of manufacturers so ensuring the accurate and reliable results .

  8. Walter Menteth, lead consultant architect, Walter Menteth Architects

    OpenAIRE

    Menteth, Walter

    2013-01-01

    Be clear about the objectives for entering a competition as participation doesn't come cheap. Everyone wants to win but competitions can also be a valuable vehicle for the development of practice, presentation skills and, sometimes publicity.

  9. 从《职业展望手册》看美国风景园林师的职业发展现状%Current Situation Analysis of Landscape Architects in the United States through the Occupational Outlook Handbook

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨滨章

    2011-01-01

    美国风景园林师在土地资源利用以及自然和文化景观的规划、设计、保护与管理等方面发挥着重要的作用,他们与其他相关职业人员合作,为社会大众创造出了优美、健康而舒适的工作与生活环境.通过对1996-1997年至2010-2011年以来《职业展望手册》的分析,探寻该职业的发展与变化情况.具体分析的内容包括职业的工作性质与领域、就业的方式与条件、职业准人条件与教育、职业规模与薪酬等方面,并由此提出对我国风景园林师职业发展的几点启示.%Landscape architects in the United States play important roles in plan, design, protection and management for land use and landscape both of natural and cultural ones. Cooperating with other related professionals, they together create beautiful, healthy and comfortable environment for Americans' working and living. The paper presents the result of study by analyzing the Occupational Outlook Handbook from the 1996-1997 to 2010-2011 editions. The study in details focuses on the nature and fields of landscape architects' job in the United States, qualification and training and education, and employment and earning as well. Based on these, it points out some inspirations for the professional development of Chinese landscape architects by this study.

  10. Le concours pour la reconstruction de l’hôtel de Ville de Paris (1872-1873), un échec pour l’architecte Jean-Louis Pascal

    OpenAIRE

    Richard-Bazire, Anne

    2015-01-01

    Jean-Louis Pascal est un jeune architecte de trente-cinq ans quand il se lance dans l’aventure du concours pour la reconstruction de l’Hôtel de Ville de Paris. Désigné depuis 1871 comme inspecteur des travaux au Louvre, il est sous-employé par Hector Lefuel qui ne l’aime pas. Se trouvant dans un relatif désoeuvrement, il tente sa chance dans ce concours au programme ambigu et aux exigences contradictoires. La majorité des projets primés ne respecteront pas une des exigences du concours qui ét...

  11. Swedish Masters of Modernism: A Review of Nicholas Adams, Gunnar Asplund’s Gothenburg: The Transformation of Public Architecture in Interwar Europe, and Janne Ahlin, Sigurd Lewerentz, Architect 1885–1975

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter Blundell Jones

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Nicholas Adams, Gunnar Asplund’s Gothenburg: The Transformation of Public Architecture in Interwar Europe, University Park: Penn State University Press, 288 pages, 152 illustrations, 2014, ISBN: 978-0-271-05984-6 Janne Ahlin, Sigurd Lewerentz, Architect 1885–1975, with an epilog by Wilfried Wang, Zürich: Park Books, 204 pages, 29 colour and 307 b/w illustrations, plans and drawings, 2014, ISBN: 978-3-906027-48-7, (facsimile of the original edition by Byggförlaget, Stockholm and MIT Press, Cambridge MA, 1987

  12. Photovoltaic systems. A guide for electricians, roofers, projecting engineers and architects; Photovoltaische Anlagen. Leitfaden fuer Elektriker, Dachdecker, Fachplaner, Architekten und Bauherren

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Haselhuhn, R.; Berger, F.; Hasenoehrl, G.; Morsch, R.; Quaschning, V.; Rauscher, S.; Seltmann, T.; Hartmann, U.

    2001-07-01

    can-polluting and sustainable power supply will rely heavily on photovoltaic systems. Experience has shown that the development of PV systems cannot be assured without careful, high-quality planning dimensioning, installation, commissioning and maintenance. This guide contains comprehensive information on all aspects of PV systems. It addresses architects, projecting engineers, builder-owners, electricians and roofers, as well as decision-makers on state and community level with the intention of informing them on the latest state of the art. Contents: 1. Functional principles, design, characteristics and properties of components, modules and current inverters; 2. in situ analysis and site analysis; 3. shading analysis; 4. Optimal planning, dimensioning and design; 5. simulation programmes; 6. installation, commissioning, failure detection and maintenance; 7. assembly systems and integration options; 8. funding programmes. To facilitate updating, the book is in the form of a loose-leaf collection. [German] Fuer eine klimavertraegliche und nachhaltige zukuenftige Energieversorgung Deutschlands ist der massive Ausbau der Photovoltaik unabdingbar. Die Rahmenbedingungen fuer einen solchen Ausbau sind geschaffen, der Markt befindet sich zur Zeit im Umbruch. In Deutschland werden von einem solchen Ausbau in erster Linie netzgekoppelte PV-Anlagen betroffen sein. Die Erfahrungen mit der Performance solcher Anlagen (1.000-Daecher-Programm, Programm Sonne in der Schule, Schweizer Foerderprogramm etc.) haben allerdings gezeigt, dass ohne eine sorgfaeltige und auf hohem Niveau stehende Planung, Dimensionierung, Installation, Inbetriebnahme und Wartung der optimale Ertrag und damit der Beitrag zum Klimaschutz nicht gewaehrleistet werden kann. Aus diesen Gruenden ist es notwendig und sinnvill, Architekten, Planern, Bauherren, Installationsbetrieben (sowohl Elektrikern als auch Dachdeckern) und last but not least den Entscheidungstraegern in Laendern und Kommunen ein

  13. Security basics for computer architects

    CERN Document Server

    Lee, Ruby B

    2013-01-01

    Design for security is an essential aspect of the design of future computers. However, security is not well understood by the computer architecture community. Many important security aspects have evolved over the last several decades in the cryptography, operating systems, and networking communities. This book attempts to introduce the computer architecture student, researcher, or practitioner to the basic concepts of security and threat-based design. Past work in different security communities can inform our thinking and provide a rich set of technologies for building architectural support fo

  14. Architecting for usability : a survey

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Folmer, E; Bosch, J

    2004-01-01

    Over the years the software engineering community has increasingly realized the important role software architecture plays in fulfilling the quality requirements of a system. The quality attributes of a software system are, to a large extent determined by the system's software architecture. In recen

  15. Social architects in social systems?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thomsen, Rie; Nordentoft, Helle Merete; Sommerlund, Charlotte

    Theoretical background Presently Europe is facing a key challenge to keep young people in the educational system, to maintain and to stimulate their motivation to develop as humans and professional in spite of the devastating economic crisis Europe is going through. Many see guidance as a key...... of the circle was to investigate how future guidance practices can be structured in order to prevent young people from dropping out of the educational system. More specifically the practitioners in the research circle looked into the way in which how young people experience guidance practices and, they also...... their experiences, get proper and relevant advice rather than being looked at as expert professionals who provide information in 1-to-1 relationships with the young people. Secondly, the guidance practitioner should be given more credit for and responsibility as a kind of organizational catalyst in social systems...

  16. Architects of the Information Age

    CERN Document Server

    Curley, Robert

    2012-01-01

    The rapid development of computer technology since the mid-20th century would not have even been imaginable without the brainpower of individuals dedicated to innovation and turning the seemingly impossible into reality. As far back as the eighteenth century, inventors began setting the stage for future minds to advance hardware and software that would change our world forever. This engaging volume introduces readers to the titans of the technology industry, including Bill Gates, Steve Jobs, and Mark Zuckerberg, among many others.

  17. Architects in Danish Graphic Design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ejlers, Steen

    1997-01-01

    Danske arkitekter har ydet et afgørende bidrag til dansk grafisk design i det 20. århundrede. Artiklen omtaler Thorvald Bindesbøll, Knud V Engelhardt, Gunnar Biilmann Petersen, Ib Andersen, Claus Achton Friis og Naur Klint.  Udgivelsesdato: 1997......Danske arkitekter har ydet et afgørende bidrag til dansk grafisk design i det 20. århundrede. Artiklen omtaler Thorvald Bindesbøll, Knud V Engelhardt, Gunnar Biilmann Petersen, Ib Andersen, Claus Achton Friis og Naur Klint.  Udgivelsesdato: 1997...

  18. Architect-engineer-constructor's role

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A discussion of the issues facing the nuclear power industry in the near future was given. Included were safety, waste storage, regulation, public opinion and economics. Emphasis was given to discussions of operationsl safety and regulations

  19. nArchitects,美国

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ Design Concept An environmentally responsive exterior street configuration is proposed as a relevant, sustainable model for housing in Wuhan's sub-tropical climate. This strategy allows for cross ventilation, minimises the thermally conditioned envelope,and enfolding the building in a tempering layer that reduces heat gain to the units. Pre-fabricated structural steel components are kept small for ease of transport and assembly, and the design maximises the use of local trades and craftspeople.

  20. Comparative analysis on results of 6 serum enzymes detected by Hitachi 008 and ARCHITECT C16000 biochemical analyzers%日立-008和雅培 ARCHITECT C16000生化分析仪检测6种血清酶结果比对分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张娟; 蒋小燕; 李顺君; 黄文芳

    2014-01-01

    目的:探讨相同实验室不同检测系统间6种常用血清酶活性测定结果是否具有可比性,为实现血清酶测定的溯源性和可比性提供依据。方法以日立-008全自动生化分析仪及罗氏原装试剂、校准品、质控品等组成的检测系统为参比系统即比较方法(X),以 ABBOTT ARCHITECT C16000全自动生化分析仪及检测试剂、校准品、质控品等组成的系统为检测系统即实验方法(Y ),根据美国临床实验室标准化委员会(NCCLS)EP9-A2文件,测定患者新鲜血清中丙氨酸氨基转移酶(ALT)、天门冬氨酸氨基转移酶(AST)、碱性磷酸酶(ALP)、γ-谷氨酰转肽酶(GGT)、乳酸脱氢酶(LDH)和肌酸激酶(CK)共6种酶的准确度和精密度,对Y 和 X 两法的酶活性结果进行比较并计算其相对偏差(SE%),以美国临床实验室修正法规(CLIA′88)规定的室间质量评价允许误差范围的1/2为标准,判断不同系统测定结果是否具有可比性。结果日立-008和 ABBOTT ARCHITECT C16000全自动生化分析仪测定 ALT、AST、ALP、GGT、LDH、CK 6种血清酶活性结果的准确度和精密度均符合要求,系统误差临床可以接受。结论当用两个及以上的检测系统检测同一检验项目时,应进行方法比对和偏倚评估,判断临床可接受性,以保证检验结果的准确性和可比性。%Objective To investigate the comparability of the activity detection of 6 common serum enzymes by different bio-chemical detecting systems at the same laboratory to provide the basis for realizing the traceability and comparability of serum en-zyme detection.Methods The detection system consisted of the Hitachi 008 biochemical analyzer,and original reagents,C-fas cali-brator and controller of Roche was taken as the reference system X(comparison method)and the detection system consisted of the ABBOTT ARCHITECT C16000 biochemical analyzer,reagents and

  1. When Architects Start Coding An Introduction to Gramazio & Kohler's Practices%当建筑师开始撰写“代码” 从格拉玛兹与科勒的建筑实践谈起

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙澄宇

    2012-01-01

    In this paper, Gramazio and Kohier's Practices at ETH Zurich are introduced as clues to feed an exploration in the new technologies, methods, and thinking that architects are faced with, when they start to write codes fluently just as they draw sketches. Such codes executed by industrial robots can help architects exert direct control over their construction processes, which bring them back to the center of building activities.%文章以瑞士苏黎世联邦理工学院的格拉玛兹与科勒两位教授在建筑教学与实践中的作品为线索,探讨了当建筑师可以像绘制草图那样娴熟地撰写与建构逻辑相符的设计生成"代码"时,依靠现代工业机器人的柔性可编程制造技术,建筑师将面对的新技术、新方法、新思想。可以预见的是,建筑师在未来可以通过他们的"代码"来掌控建筑的建造过程,从而重新回到建筑活动的中心位置。

  2. Designing at Tongji The Path of Professionalisation of a Female Architect%在同济做设计 一名女建筑师的职业化之路

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    文小琴; 宋歌

    2011-01-01

    This article delineates the professionalization process of Wen Xiaoqin through a retrospect of her practising experience with references to the three projects she participated at Tongji Architectural Design and Research Institute (TJADRI). The architect's pertinacity and passion for architectural design is what motivates her to grow into a professional architect. Besides,she possesses the good quality of being attentive to details, to perfectness, to be on time and good in communication with clients, just as other female architects usually do.%文章通过建筑师文小琴对自身执业经历的回顾,结合在同济建筑设计研究院参与设计的三个实践项目的设计感悟,展现其职业化过程。建筑师所坚持的对建筑设计的热爱与执着,是其逐步从学生成为职业建筑师的重要动力,而作为女性建筑师,具有特有的对设计品质、细部、完成度的把控和较好的沟通能力。

  3. Ceremony for the laying of the foundation stone of Building 42. From left to right: Architect J. Perret, CERN Director-General R. Heuer, Geneva State Councillor in charge of the Institutions Department L. Moutinot, State Secretary for Education and Research M. Dell’Ambrogio and Mayor of Meyrin R .Sansonnen.

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien.brice

    2009-01-01

    Picture 01 : from left to right, architect J. Perret, Director-General R. Heuer, Geneva State Councillor Head of the Department of Institutions, State Secretary for Education and Research M. Dell'Ambrogio and the Mayor of the Commune of Meyrin R. Sansonnens on 9th September 2009

  4. Proceedings of the Spring Meeting of the Society of Naval Architects of Japan (1996). Part 2. Structure, materials, welding, construction, and design; Nihon zosen gakkai (1996 nen) shunki koen ronbun maezuri. 2. Kozo, zairyo, yosetsu, kosaku, sekkei

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-12-31

    This is a proceedings of the Spring Meeting of the Society of Naval Architects of Japan made public on May 15 and 16, 1996. In the basic research, the following are included: Basic studies on computer aided concurrent engineering for hull structure design and piping design; Fundamental study on the new method to estimate vibration level on a ship; Flat plate approximation in the three-dimensional slamming; Development of new finite element by source method, etc. As to fracture and cracks, Equivalent CTOD concept based on the local approach and its application to fracture performance evaluation of welded joints; Fracture mechanical modeling of brittle crack propagation and arrest of steel; An evaluation method for ductile crack propagation in pre-strained plates; Multiple fatigue cracks propagating in a stiffened panel, etc. Relating to fatigue strength, Fatigue life estimation of welded joints of an aluminum alloy under superimposed random load waves; Study on unified fatigue strength assessment method for welded structure, etc.

  5. 网络环境下文档流转管控系统的概念及架构%The Conception and Architect of Document Flow Systems in Network

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈晨; 张炜

    2013-01-01

      该文首先介绍网络环境下文档流转管控系统的概念,指出网络条件下文档流转应遵循的标准。其次给出文档流转管控系统的架构,分析系统各部分组成及功能。最后总结系统的特点,得出系统能有效防止文档泄漏的结论。%This article firstly introduces the conception of Document Flow System in network environment, which indicates the principles of managing and controlling documents. Secondly it shows the architect of the Document Flow System, analyzes the components and functions of the system. Finally it summarizes the characteristics of the system, concludes that the system can ef-fectively prevent the leakage of documents.

  6. Development of fully automated determination of marker-specific immunoglobulin G (IgG) avidity based on the avidity competition assay format: application for Abbott Architect cytomegalovirus and Toxo IgG Avidity assays.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Curdt, Ingo; Praast, Gerald; Sickinger, Eva; Schultess, Jan; Herold, Iris; Braun, Hans Bertram; Bernhardt, Stephanie; Maine, Gregory T; Smith, Darwin D; Hsu, Stephen; Christ, Heike M; Pucci, Dominick; Hausmann, Michael; Herzogenrath, Jörg

    2009-03-01

    Determination of the avidity of immunoglobulin G (IgG) directed against a specific marker has become an established diagnostic tool for identifying or excluding acute infections with pathogens. A novel assay format termed AVIcomp (avidity competition based on mass action) circumventing the conventional chaotropic format has been developed for determination of the avidity of marker-specific IgG in patient specimens. Its applications for cytomegalovirus (CMV) and Toxoplasma gondii are presented. Specific high-avidity IgG from the patient specimen is selectively blocked using a soluble antigen in a sample pretreatment reagent, and the amount of remaining specific low-avidity IgG is determined relative to that in an untreated control. The comparison of the conventional chaotropic format, represented by the Radim CMV IgG Avidity assay, and the newly developed AVIcomp method, as exemplified by the Architect CMV IgG Avidity assay, on blood drawn within 4 months after seroconversion revealed a sensitivity of 100% (97.3% by an alternative calculation) for the AVIcomp format versus 87.5% (75.7% by an alternative calculation) for the chaotropic avidity assay. The specificity on 312 CMV IgG reactive and CMV IgM nonreactive specimens from pregnant women was 100% for the AVIcomp assay and 99.7% for the conventional avidity assay. The Architect Toxo IgG Avidity assay showed an agreement of 97.2% with the bioMérieux Vidas Toxo IgG Avidity Assay employing chaotropic reagents. These performance data suggest that the AVIcomp format shows superior sensitivity and equivalent specificity for the determination of IgG avidity to assays based on the chaotropic method and that the AVIcomp format may also be applicable to other disease states.

  7. L’ensemble du Main Building au CERN à Genève, Peter Steiger et Rudolf Steiger architectes, Carl Hubacher, Fietz et Hauri ingénieurs, 1954-1960 recommandations pour une réhabilitation

    CERN Document Server

    Wohlschlag, Jérôme; Marino, Giulia

    Les bâtiments qui ont écrit l’histoire de l’architecture moderne vivent une période décisive: souffrant de nombreux maux dus à leurs âges, d’une méconnaissance, et parfois même d’une certaine impopularité, les menaces sont de plus en plus concrètes: d’une transformation normative et inadaptée jusqu’à la démolition. Ces oeuvres représentent un réel patrimoine pour la collectivité, que les effets du temps ont fini par occulter. Le vieillissement et le pragmatisme quotidien transformant l’édifice, les qualités qui l’ont placé au statut qu’on lui a reconnu ne sont presque plus perceptibles. Pourtant, ces édifices recèlent un grand potentiel; pour les maîtres d’ouvrage au bénéfice d’un bien valorisé, exploité et emblématique d’une part; pour la société enrichissant son patrimoine culturel d’autre part; finalement pour les architectes comme moyen de connaissance, source d’inspiration et ressource professionnelle. Le site du CERN à Meyrin, de par son extrater...

  8. Proceedings of the Spring Meeting of the Society of Naval Architects of Japan (1996). Part 1. Resistance, propulsion, advance, and ocean; Nihon zosen gakkai (1996 nen) shunki koen ronbun maezuri. 1. Teiko, suishin shindo, kaiyo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-12-31

    This is a proceedings of the Spring Meeting of the Society of Naval Architects of Japan made public on May 15 and 16, 1996. In the basic research, the following were included: Numerical simulation for submerged body fitted with hydrofoil; Simulation of tandem hydrofoils by finite volume method with moving grid system; Determination of the unknown method surface of planning plates by a formulation based on high aspect ratio approximation; Numerical simulation of a bubble flow by modified density function method, etc. As to floating bodies, Response characteristics of a long life type floating offshore airport in waves (3rd report: Response due to short waves and an attempt of active inclination control); Feasibility design of a floating airport and estimation of environmental forces on it; On the estimation method of hydrodynamic forces acting on a huge floating structure, etc. In addition, A numerical prediction with `DMDF` model of pack ice motion in the Okhotsk Sea; Development of an observation robot `Flying Fish` for comprehensive measurements of ocean environment; Water entry simulation of free-fall lifeboat, etc.

  9. Atributos críticos de satisfação em serviços de arquitetura: visão do cliente × visão do arquiteto Critical satisfaction attributes in architectural services: comparison of clients' and architects' points of view

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isabela Winter Almada

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho tem por objetivo identificar se a percepção sobre os atributos necessários para a satisfação do cliente em projetos residenciais (construção ou reformas são os mesmos entre clientes e arquitetos. Trata-se de uma pesquisa quantitativa exploratória, que emprega questionários estruturados não disfarçados como instrumento de coleta de dados. Os 15 atributos pesquisados foram definidos por meio da literatura. A coleta de dados foi realizada com 100 clientes pessoas físicas e 30 profissionais. Os resultados da pesquisa indicam que os clientes esperam que o arquiteto resolva o seu problema e consiga entender as suas necessidades, sem necessidade de alterações ou muitas interações com o cliente. Na visão dos clientes, o serviço a ser prestado pelos arquitetos é um serviço técnico. Já os arquitetos percebem que o serviço deve ser construído em conjunto com o cliente e que seu serviço está mais concentrado na criação, no design. Como conclusão, levando em conta a visão dos clientes, o escritório de arquitetura que quiser ter um diferencial competitivo deve entender que seu serviço engloba desde a criação até a entrega da obra, com garantia dos serviços prestados. Deve entender também que o cliente pressupõe que o arquiteto deve saber de suas necessidades e que o atendimento ao cronograma e orçamento iniciais são atributos atrativos.The purpose of the present work was to identify the perception of clients and architects on critical attributes of customers' satisfaction in services of home architecture. It is an exploratory and quantitative research which uses questionnaires to collect data. The 15 researched attributes were identified based on literature review. One hundred clients and thirty architects were interviewed. Results indicate that clients expect architects solve their problems from the design to the construction phases, and that they should understand customers needs without further

  10. Solar thermal power systems. Practical guide for heating and air conditioning experts, electricians and roofers, planners and architects, builder-owners and training institutions; Solarthermische Anlagen. Leitfaden fuer SHK-, Elektro- und Dachdeckerhandwerk, fuer Fachplaner und Architekten, Bauherren und Weiterbildungsinstitutionen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-07-01

    There is a growing market for solar thermal power systems. Builder-owners, planners, architects, fitters and heating systems experts as well as roofers require knowledge of solar thermal power generation. This includes technical and marketing information as well as the aspects of consulting, projecting, dimensioning, cost structure, and solar marketing. This guide will give decision aids and contribute to quality-minded projecting and installation of solar thermal power systems. The following aspects are discussed: Assembly and mounting, with many details to account for all possible in-situ conditions; Industrial-scale systems and solar district heating systems; Simulation tools, in detail; Solar swimming pool heating and air heating; Practical strategies for successful solar marketing; Market survey of suppliers of solar systems and components. [German] Der Markt fuer die thermische Nutzung der Sonnenenergie entwickelt sich kraeftig. Bauherren, Planer, Architekten, Gas/Wasser- und Heizungsinstallateure sowie Dachdecker werden in zunehmendem Masse mit der Solarthermie in Beruehrung kommen. Dies betrifft nicht nur die Kenntnis ueber den Stand der Technik und die aktuelle Marktsituation, sondern auch die Bereiche Beratung, Planung, Dimensionierung, Kostenstruktur und das Solarmarketing. Der vorliegende Leitfaden will Entscheidungshilfen geben und dazu beitragen, dass solarthermische Anlagen nach dem neuesten Stand der Technik qualitaetsbewusst geplant und sorgfaeltig installiert werden. Im Vergleich zu seinem Vorgaenger wurden im Leitfaden wurden folgende Schwerpunkte bearbeitet: 1 Der Montagebereich wurde erheblich ausgeweitet, um den vielfaeltigen Vor-Ort-Gegebenheiten bei der Installation gerecht zu werden 2 Der Bereich der Grossanlagen bis zu solaren Nahwaermenetzen wurde vertieft 3 Die Simulationswerkzeuge werden detailliert dargestellt 4 Den Anwendungsbereichen solare Schwimmbadwassererwaermung und Luftheizung ist jeweils ein eigenes Kapitel gewidmet worden 5

  11. Sebastian lrarrazaval Architects,智利

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ Design Concept: Y Lego Designed around three key ideas, the concept proposes a modular unit that maximises cross ventilation through a design that avoids corridors and always gives double orientation to every space. Geometric "Y" lego units can be adjusted to suit different site conditions in a range of different configurations.The structural approach highlights steel's credentials of lightness and high performance under tension.

  12. Hubert Curien, architect of science in Europe

    CERN Multimedia

    2005-01-01

    Professor Hubert Curien, former French Research Minister and President of the CERN Council from 1994 to 1996, passed away on 6 February 2005 at the age of 80. Hubert Curien (in the middle) with the Japanese Minister for Education, Science and Culture, Kaoru Yosano, and CERN's Director-General, Christopher Llewellyn Smith, at the ceremony marking the start of collaboration between CERN and Japan in 1995. It is impossible to summarise all of Professor Curien's many contributions to the fields of science, politics and management in a few lines. One of the dominating features of his career, however, was undoubtedly his tireless promotion and crafting of a strong and united scientific Europe. Born in 1924, Professor Curien passed the physics agrégation, a competitive teaching examination, at the Ecole Normale Supérieure in 1949. His speciality was crystallography, a field in which he obtained his doctorate in 1952. A lecturer at the Ecole Normale Supérieure and subsequently the ...

  13. Resilient 3D hierarchical architected metamaterials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meza, Lucas R; Zelhofer, Alex J; Clarke, Nigel; Mateos, Arturo J; Kochmann, Dennis M; Greer, Julia R

    2015-09-15

    Hierarchically designed structures with architectural features that span across multiple length scales are found in numerous hard biomaterials, like bone, wood, and glass sponge skeletons, as well as manmade structures, like the Eiffel Tower. It has been hypothesized that their mechanical robustness and damage tolerance stem from sophisticated ordering within the constituents, but the specific role of hierarchy remains to be fully described and understood. We apply the principles of hierarchical design to create structural metamaterials from three material systems: (i) polymer, (ii) hollow ceramic, and (iii) ceramic-polymer composites that are patterned into self-similar unit cells in a fractal-like geometry. In situ nanomechanical experiments revealed (i) a nearly theoretical scaling of structural strength and stiffness with relative density, which outperforms existing nonhierarchical nanolattices; (ii) recoverability, with hollow alumina samples recovering up to 98% of their original height after compression to ≥ 50% strain; (iii) suppression of brittle failure and structural instabilities in hollow ceramic hierarchical nanolattices; and (iv) a range of deformation mechanisms that can be tuned by changing the slenderness ratios of the beams. Additional levels of hierarchy beyond a second order did not increase the strength or stiffness, which suggests the existence of an optimal degree of hierarchy to amplify resilience. We developed a computational model that captures local stress distributions within the nanolattices under compression and explains some of the underlying deformation mechanisms as well as validates the measured effective stiffness to be interpreted as a metamaterial property. PMID:26330605

  14. Multidisciplinary systems engineering architecting the design process

    CERN Document Server

    Crowder, James A; Demijohn, Russell

    2016-01-01

    This book presents Systems Engineering from a modern, multidisciplinary engineering approach, providing the understanding that all aspects of systems design, systems, software, test, security, maintenance and the full life-cycle must be factored in to any large-scale system design; up front, not factored in later. It lays out a step-by-step approach to systems-of-systems architectural design, describing in detail the documentation flow throughout the systems engineering design process. It provides a straightforward look and the entire systems engineering process, providing realistic case studies, examples, and design problems that will enable students to gain a firm grasp on the fundamentals of modern systems engineering.  Included is a comprehensive design problem that weaves throughout the entire text book, concluding with a complete top-level systems architecture for a real-world design problem.

  15. Interior Design and the Socratic architect

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eriksen, Kaare

    2006-01-01

    Dette paper har til formål at inspirere indretningsarkitekter og -designere til at udvikle deres værktøjer og metoder med henblik på at skabe bedre resultater baseret på tæt samarbejde med brugerne og ved inspiration fra andre professioner. I dette paper beskrives det forhold, at indretningsarkit...

  16. Microclimates. Can Architects Change the Weather?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sattrup, Peter Andreas

    2009-01-01

    By the year 2100 the world will be at least 2 degrees warmer than today. Add to this the "urban heat island effect" with city centres being several degrees hotter than their rural hinterlands, and it becomes evident that city planning has to devise new methods to cope with overheating. A new appr...

  17. Arhitektuuribüroo Pluss = Pluss Architects

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2009-01-01

    Büroohoones Delta Plaza (Pärnu mnt. 141, Tallinn) asuva AB Pluss ruumide sisekujundusest. Sisearhitektid Argo Vaikla, Katrin Vaikla ja Riin Luuk. Büroohoone arhitektid Jüri Okas ja Marika Lõoke. Kogu mööblikomplekt on erilahendusega. Sisearhitektide tähtsamate tööde loetelu

  18. An Architect of the Golden Years

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zeiler, Michael D.

    2006-01-01

    William H. Morse has played a major role in the experimental analysis of behavior. His view of operant behavior as the outcome of differential reinforcement provides an invaluable lesson in scientific research and theory. He studied schedules of reinforcement to generate an in-depth analysis of the complex interactions existing when contingencies…

  19. Probabilistic System Summaries for Behavior Architecting

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Borth, M.

    2015-01-01

    Smart system of systems adapt to their context, current situation, and configuration. To engineer such systems’ behavior, we need to design and eval-uate system-level control strategies and the intelligent management of key scenarios. We propose a model-based approach called probabilistic system sum

  20. Sino-Sun Architects & Engineers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    Sino-Sun is an A-Class state architectural design company organized by a group of experts who have returned to China after studying abroad. In the 10 yearssince its establishment, it has grown into an outstanding andwell-known design team, which has influence in the national archi-tectural design field.

  1. Architecting the smart grid as a holarchy

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Negeri, E.; Baken, N.

    2012-01-01

    The ever increasing concerns for energy security, energy efficiency, and sustainable energy is offering various challenges for the power grid. With increasing penetration of the distributed generations, the electricity power system is facing an era of prosumerization, whereby all stakeholders can au

  2. Evaluation of urban soundscape by future architects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Mei; Kang, Jian

    2001-05-01

    Urban soundscape design has drawn great attention along with the ever increasing urban noise level. Previous research shows that people with different social and demographic backgrounds may have different sound preferences in urban environment. For example, gender, age, and cultural background have been proved to affect peoples soundscape evaluation. In this research the soundscape evaluation by a group of architectural students was made, investigating how the future architectural/urban designers value the urban soundscape they experience everyday, and how they would like to design urban soundscape. The soundscape evaluation/walk was conducted with 60 students in a number of urban open public spaces in Sheffield, UK. The evaluation was both for the overall soundscape and for individual sounds. Eighteen indices with seven-point bipolar rating scale were used. Both connotative meanings of urban environment sounds, such as calming-agitating, interesting-boring and like-dislike, and denotative meanings, such as quiet-noisy, sharp-flat and smooth-rough, were considered. In addition, the students were asked to give design suggestions. The semantic differential technique was applied for the analysis. Comparison was also made between this special group and general public. The results are useful for studying the links/interactions between general architectural/urban design and the soundscape design. [Work supported by British Academy.

  3. How artists learn to love architects

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Unterrainer, Walter

    2015-01-01

    and other buildings for art: how should public spaces in democratic societies be supported by art and how can public art support ´cityness´ versus spaces of consumerism. Famous but egocentric buildings with their main purpose of ´uniqueness´ often fail to be a ´home´ or a productive space for communicating...

  4. Vonklev arhitektimaja = An Architect's Rambling House

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Kaarja põhiplaaniga puidust eramu (220 m2). Sauna ja kuuri ühendavad elamuga terrass ja laudtee, terrassi otsa jääb kasvuhoone. Arhitekt ja omanik Karmo Tõra. Projektbüroo: ROK-Projekt. Sisearhitekt Hillar Mänd. Valmis: 2006. 3 plaani, 3 värv. välisvaadet, sisevaade

  5. Topology Optimization for Architected Materials Design

    Science.gov (United States)

    Osanov, Mikhail; Guest, James K.

    2016-07-01

    Advanced manufacturing processes provide a tremendous opportunity to fabricate materials with precisely defined architectures. To fully leverage these capabilities, however, materials architectures must be optimally designed according to the target application, base material used, and specifics of the fabrication process. Computational topology optimization offers a systematic, mathematically driven framework for navigating this new design challenge. The design problem is posed and solved formally as an optimization problem with unit cell and upscaling mechanics embedded within this formulation. This article briefly reviews the key requirements to apply topology optimization to materials architecture design and discusses several fundamental findings related to optimization of elastic, thermal, and fluidic properties in periodic materials. Emerging areas related to topology optimization for manufacturability and manufacturing variations, nonlinear mechanics, and multiscale design are also discussed.

  6. Funkey architecting : an integrated approach to system architecting using functions, key drivers and system budgets

    OpenAIRE

    Bonnema, Gerrit Maarten

    2008-01-01

    Present state of the art products consist of integrated electronic, mechanical and software modules. Integration is present both within and between modules; even more so for complex systems like wafer steppers, aircraft, and medical imaging systems. Designing such systems requires close cooperation of electrical, mechanical and software engineers. However, these engineers speak different languages, and are presently ever more spread around the world. These specialist engineers often have a vi...

  7. Funkey architecting : an integrated approach to system architecting using functions, key drivers and system budgets

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bonnema, Gerrit Maarten

    2008-01-01

    Present state of the art products consist of integrated electronic, mechanical and software modules. Integration is present both within and between modules; even more so for complex systems like wafer steppers, aircraft, and medical imaging systems. Designing such systems requires close cooperation

  8. The Architect as Producer: Hannes Meyer and the Proletarianisation of the Western Architect

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Djalali, A.

    2015-01-01

    With the foundation of the Bauhaus, Walter Gropius advocated an end to the division between arts and crafts. Contrary to the idea of architecture as art, the programme of the school aimed to assimilate architecture with industry in order to satisfy collective social needs. Yet, despite this programm

  9. La tesis de título de Guillermo Ulriksen Becker (1952: Bases para la Planeación Regional del Norte Chico: Provincias de Atacama y Coquimbo. /Graduation Project (Thesis of the architect William Ulriksen Becker (1952: Basis for Region Planning of the “Norte Chico”: Atacama and Coquimbo provinces.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pávez Reyes, María Isabel

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Se presenta la tesis de título en planeamiento regional de Guillermo Ulriksen Becker (n.1905 – m. 1979 presentada en 1953 en la, entonces, “Facultad de Arquitectura” de la Universidad de Chile: Bases para la Planeación Regional del Norte Chico: Provincias de Atacama y Coquimb. Este estudio que constituye no sólo una radiografía del estado del desarrollo del Norte Chico hace cincuenta y cinco años, sino que también un señalamiento del potencial posible de desarrollar en la perspectiva del largo plazo, y de los aspectos negativos que se van sucediendo o pudieran suceder atentando contra dicho potencial./This work presents the graduation project of Guillermo Ulriksen (1905-1979. That thesis was presented to get the title of architect in the then called "Facultad de Arquitectura" of the Universidad de Chile, and it shows a complete scan of the development of the "Norte Chico", 55 years ago, indicating its potentials in a long term basis.

  10. Part of the architect Nikola Dobrović in implementation of the Modern Urban Planning and Architectural theories and poetry in institutional planning of the urban development of Belgrade: Contribution to the insight and interpretation of “Dobrović General Staff” within the context of the “Big Belgrade” vision

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vukotić-Lazar Marta M.

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available “Dobrović Generalstaff“ is the complex of buildings in the crossroads of Nemanjina and Kneza Miloša streets (Kneza Miloša no. 33-41, so called „building A“ (till the bombardment in 1999 „Generalstaff of the Yugoslav army“ and „building B“ with the tower (till the bombardment in 1999. “Yugoslav Secretariat for National defense“. As the urban planning motif of “Big Belgrade“, with its symbolism matched with the symbolism of New Belgrade erection, this space of great artistic-ambience potentials, of a specific typology, character and design, represents central point of continuity and integrity of Belgrade. „Meta square“ or the „Square Sutjeska“, as Dobrović named this intersection (Dobrović 1960, 10-11 carries various meanings of the different historic layers, and the complex of buildings itself is the most representative work of the Serbian architecture in 20th century, created in accordance to European trends in architecture and urban planning of that time. The complex is demolished in NATO bombardment of Belgrade in 1999. Despite the fact that the functional role of these structure no longer exists, symbolic character of the place is still living and warning, and even in ruins it is the central point of Belgrade's identity. “Dobrović Generalstaff“ was declared a cultural monument on December 12th 2005. As a „victim“ of violence and destruction, the complex is still under attack of individuals decreasing its significance, identifying it with ideology and politics of SFRJ and introducing it as a symbol of „oppressors and enemies“, not deserving as such to be renewed and preserved. Visionary work of the architect Nikola Dobrović (1897, Pécs - 1967, Belgrade on conceptualization of “Big Belgrade“, metropolis on the Sava and Danube, and his role in construction of New Belgrade, central part of the future “Big Belgrade” according to his idea, and on elaboration of the Concept design of

  11. The American Institute of Architects Committee on The Environment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gordon, H.T.

    1995-12-31

    In response to growing concerns about the impact of the building industry on the global environment, the AIA formed a committee to increase awareness of the relationship between the designer and the built environment. This paper includes the mission statement and summarizes the major accomplishments and primary issues.

  12. The Architect and the Builder: Hobbs and Loughmiller

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doncaster, James

    2011-01-01

    This issue celebrates the fiftieth anniversary of the Re-ED model for troubled and troubling children. Long before concepts like "strength-based" and "evidence-based" entered the field, these were central to the principles of Re-Education. Guest editor James Doncaster of Pressley Ridge in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, begins by introducing the…

  13. Micro-architected Composite Lattices with Tunable Negative Thermal Expansions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Qiming

    Solid materials with minimum or negative thermal expansion (NTE) have broad applications, from dental fillings to thermal-sensitive precision instruments. Previous studies on NTE structures were mostly focused on theoretically design and 2D experimental demonstrations. Here, aided with multimaterial projection micro-stereolithography, we experimentally fabricate multi-material composite lattices that exhibit significant negative thermal expansion in three directions and over a large range of temperature variations. The negative thermal expansion is induced by the structural interaction of material components with distinct thermal expansion coefficients. The NTE performance can be tuned over a large range by varying the thermal expansion coefficient difference between constituent beams and geometrical arrangement. Our experimental results match qualitatively with a simple scaling law and quantitatively consistently with computational models.

  14. Transposable Elements: From DNA Parasites to Architects of Metazoan Evolution

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oliver Piskurek

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available One of the most unexpected insights that followed from the completion of the human genome a decade ago was that more than half of our DNA is derived from transposable elements (TEs. Due to advances in high throughput sequencing technologies it is now clear that TEs comprise the largest molecular class within most metazoan genomes. TEs, once categorised as "junk DNA", are now known to influence genomic structure and function by increasing the coding and non-coding genetic repertoire of the host. In this way TEs are key elements that stimulate the evolution of metazoan genomes. This review highlights several lines of TE research including the horizontal transfer of TEs through host-parasite interactions, the vertical maintenance of TEs over long periods of evolutionary time, and the direct role that TEs have played in generating morphological novelty.

  15. Architecting Fault Tolerance with Exception Handling: Verification and Validation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Patrick H. S. Brito; Rogério de Lemos; Cecília M. F. Rubira; Eliane Martins

    2009-01-01

    When building dependable systems by integrating untrusted software components that were not originally designed to interact with each other, it is likely the occurrence of architectural mismatches related to assumptions in their failure behaviour. These mismatches, if not prevented during system design, have to be tolerated during runtime. This paper presents an architectural abstraction based on exception handling for structuring fault-tolerant software systems.This abstraction comprises several components and connectors that promote an existing untrusted software element into an idealised fault-tolerant architectural element. Moreover, it is considered in the context of a rigorous software development approach based on formal methods for representing the structure and behaviour of the software architecture. The proposed approach relies on a formal specification and verification for analysing exception propagation, and verifying important dependability properties, such as deadlock freedom, and scenarios of architectural reconfiguration. The formal models are automatically generated using model transformation from UML diagrams: component diagram representing the system structure, and sequence diagrams representing the system behaviour. Finally, the formal models are also used for generating unit and integration test cases that are used for assessing the correctness of the source code. The feasibility of the proposed architectural approach was evaluated on an embedded critical case study.

  16. Professor DS Kothari : The Architect of Defence Science in India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. S. Venkatesan

    1994-07-01

    Full Text Available Defence science in India owes its origin and early growth to Professor DS Kothari. From humble beginnings the Defence Research and Development Organization (DRDO has grown into a major national scientific agency over the last four and a half decades.

  17. Architecting Service Based Sensor Networks for the Intelligent Assimilation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. S. Ponmagal

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to propose an architectural model for assimilating distributed sensor networks through cloud paradigm. This strategy can be applied to monitor and control the physical parameters such as temperature, pressure, and level. It is proposed to consider the use of service oriented architecture to program and deploy the sensed parameters. The service oriented architecture for sensor network has been implemented in such a way that, for every specific requirement of the monitor center, the assimilation agent invokes the services of the sensors through a registry and the specific changes in the sensed parameters are also notified as auditable event using push interaction pattern of SOA. The assimilation agent serves as an intelligent component by providing authentication services. This SOA is extended to integrate different types of sensor networks through cloud environment. Hence several sensors can be networked together to monitor different process parameters and they have been assimilated with Internet by registering them as services, hence a complete distributed assimilation environment is exploited.

  18. Prantsuse maastikuarhitektid Berliinist = French Landscape Architects from Berlin / Katrin Koov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koov, Katrin, 1973-

    2003-01-01

    Berliinis töötavad prantsuse maastikuarhitektid Veronique Faucheur, Marc Pouzol ja Laurent Dugua büroost le balto kujundavad Tallinnasse "Heliose" kino hoovi valgusaia. Valminud on projekti I etapp, aed valmib 2004. a. kevadeks. Arhitektide loomingust (projekt "Ajutised Aiad" ja Kunst-Werke aed Berliinis, Palais de Tokyo aed Pariisis, Padula kloostri aed Itaalias)

  19. Application of morphologic burrow architects: lungfish or crayfish?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hasiotis, Stephen T.; Mitchell, Charles E.; Dubiel, Russell R.

    1993-01-01

    A methodology for trace fossil identification using burrowing signatures is tested by evaluating ancient and modern lungfish and crayfish burrows and comparing them to previously undescribed burrows in a stratigraphic interval thought to contain both lungfish and crayfish burrows. Permian burrows that bear skeletal remains of the lungfish Gnathorhiza, from museum collections, were evaluated to identify unique burrow morphologies that could be used to distinguish lungfish from crayfish burrows when fossil remains are absent. The lungfish burrows were evaluated for details of the burrowing mechanism preserved in the burrow morphologies together forming burrowing signatures and were compared to new burrows in the Chinle Formation of western Colorado to test the methodology of using burrow signatures to identify unknown burrows. Permian lungfish aestivation burrows show simple, nearly vertical, unbranched architectures and relatively smooth surficial morphologies with characteristic quasi‐horizontal striae on the burrow walls and vertical striae on the bulbous terminus. Burrow lengths do not exceed 0.5 m. In contrast, modern and ancient crayfish burrows exhibit simple to highly complex architectures with highly textured surficial morphologies. Burrow lengths may reach 4 to 5 m. Burrow morphologies unlike those identified in Gnathorhiza aestivation burrows were found in four burrow groups from museum collections. Two of these groups exhibit simple architectures and horizontal striae that were greater in sinuosity and magnitude, respectively. One of these burrows contains the remains of Lysorophus, but the burrow surface reveals no reliable surficial characteristics. It is not clear whether Lysorophus truly burrowed or merely occupied a pre‐existing structure. The other two groups exhibit surficial morphologies similar to those found on modern and ancient crayfish burrows and may provide evidence of freshwater crayfish in the Permian. Burrows from the Upper Triassic Chinle Formation in western Colorado exhibit simple to moderately complex architectural morphologies, ranging from predominantly vertical, unbranched, with little or no chamber development to predominantly vertical, few branches, and with minor chamber development. Surficial burrow morphologies are moderate to highly textured. The burrows have scrape marks, scratch marks, mud and lag‐liners, knobby surfaces, pleopod striae, and body impressions. Although no fossil remains of the burrowing organism were found within or associated with the Chinle burrows from western Colorado, the similarity of architectural and surficial burrow morphologies to those in the Chinle of Canyonlands, Utah and to modern crayfish burrows, clearly indicates that the Colorado burrows are the product of burrowing crayfish rather than lungfish. Evaluation of burrowing signatures preserved in the architectural and surficial burrow morphologies is a very useful tool to compare and contrast Chinle burrows from different regions on the Colorado Plateau. Documentation of crayfish burrows in the Chinle of Utah and Colorado strongly suggests that other large‐diameter Chinle burrows elsewhere on the Colorado Plateau and in stratigraphically equivalent units may also be the product of crayfish activity.

  20. Engaging architects and architectural students in global warming awareness

    OpenAIRE

    Elnokaly, Amira; Elseragy, Ahmed; Elgebaly, Ingy

    2008-01-01

    Today, Global warming is a major dilemma facing our globe that has changed the world concerns to reconsider the pollution sources affecting planet earth. This along with the tremendous increase in carbon dioxide emissions all over the world in the last decade has simulated the EDRG (Environmental Design Research Group, at the Architectural Engineering and Environmental Design Department) at the AAST (Arab Academy for Science and Technology) to setting the Environmental awareness c...

  1. Gamow, not Hilbert: The Architect of Hilbert's Grand Hotel

    CERN Document Server

    Kragh, Helge

    2014-01-01

    What is known as "Hilbert's hotel" is a story of an imaginary hotel with infinitely many rooms that illustrates the bizarre consequences of assuming an actual infinity of objects or events. Since the 1970s it has been used in a variety of arguments, some of them relating to cosmology and others to philosophy and theology. It turns out that the name is a misnomer, as Hilbert was not responsible for the story. The originator was George Gamow, who invented the hotel in 1947, jokingly attributing it to Hilbert. Although well known, the counter-intuitive hotel only attracted wide interest in the 1970s, first in philosophical and theological contexts. The paper outlines the origin and early history of what might be called the Gamow-Hilbert hotel paradox.

  2. Why the sun sucks - Architects versus the sun

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    De Lange, N.; Niesten, J.; Taminiau, P.

    2014-01-01

    This "designers' manual" is made during the TIDO-course AR0531 Innovation and Sustainability This manual will show how not to design with the Sun. By showing examples how buildings have failed that have not taken the Sun and its effects in consideration, one should get a clearer picture of how you

  3. 3-D structures viewed with the architect's approach

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vanggaard, Ole

    2002-01-01

    to generate the surfaces. At the same time, the limited value of these means is shown, and the author tries to crawl into the difficult area between architecture and structure. This area is found to be an important, but not very appreciated area of research. Most of the figures shown relate to the Academy...

  4. Architecting for connected healthcare - a case of telehomecare and hypertension

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tambo, Torben; Hoffmann-Petersen, Nikolai; Bejder, Karsten

    2012-01-01

    The healthcare system is in many countries operated by the governments, and interaction with the healthcare system is one of the most frequent interactions between citizen and government. Demographic, medical and technological changes are likely to bring new aspects of connectedness...... into the everyday life of people and place healthcare and homecare professionals in new roles. A transformation is taking place where hospital best practices are constantly reducing patient’s in-hospital stays to alternative, less-costly care – notably at home. Telemedicine, telehealth, home-monitoring and self......-care are essential aspects of this transformation. Many issues are influencing this transformation and new barriers are showing up where others are removed. A broadly oriented enterprise architecture effort is presented for the underpinning of the change process. The architectural approach encompasses views...

  5. Architecting the Firm - Coherency and Consistency in Managing the Enterprise

    OpenAIRE

    Turner, Patrick; Gøtze, John; Bernus, Peter

    2010-01-01

    Traditional Enterprise Architecture (EA) practice lacks a clear and effective governance and management layer that is easily understandable and intuitive to senior decision makers with the modern organisation. This paper uses three case studies to demonstrate the relative maturity of different EA practice groups within these organisations to demonstrate the strengths and weaknesses of a traditional ICT management approach versus those that include EA practice in all levels and domains of mana...

  6. Architecting Data Quality for Continuous Student Behaviour Management

    OpenAIRE

    Hellmuth, Wayne; Stewart, Glenn

    2016-01-01

    Data capture and use is vital for the continuous improvement of both student learning and behavior management. Previous studies on data use in the education sector have highlighted a number of problems associated with data quality and its subsequent use. These include the accuracy, consistency, completeness, and timeliness of data. Engagement issues with data have centred on the interpretation and application of the knowledge that data can provide. No study to date has investigated the link b...

  7. Power-aware architecting for data-dominated applications

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ditzel, M.

    2004-01-01

    Chip designers face increasingly complex designs and multiple competing design objectives and constraints. Early in the design cycle, a designer has to make choices relying on insufficient or inaccurate information. For instance, the designer has to decide which parts to implement in software and wh

  8. The role of architect in interdisciplinary collaborative design studios

    OpenAIRE

    Anja Jutraž; Tadeja Zupančič

    2014-01-01

    Architectural design is a complex process involving different actors. While studying architecture, students usually work alone, and they do not have many opportunities to collaborate with other professions. Consequently, they end up lacking the knowledge regarding other professions, as well as regarding communic42ation and collaboration with other professionals. They become too proud of themselves, which eventually prevents them from engaging in active collaboration and accepting compromises....

  9. Abscisic Acid: Hidden Architect of Root System Structure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jeanne M. Harris

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Plants modulate root growth in response to changes in the local environment, guided by intrinsic developmental genetic programs. The hormone Abscisic Acid (ABA mediates responses to different environmental factors, such as the presence of nitrate in the soil, water stress and salt, shaping the structure of the root system by regulating the production of lateral roots as well as controlling root elongation by modulating cell division and elongation. Curiously, ABA controls different aspects of root architecture in different plant species, perhaps providing some insight into the great diversity of root architecture in different plants, both from different taxa and from different environments. ABA is an ancient signaling pathway, acquired well before the diversification of land plants. Nonetheless, how this ancient signaling module is implemented or interacts within a larger signaling network appears to vary in different species. This review will examine the role of ABA in the control of root architecture, focusing on the regulation of lateral root formation in three plant species, Arabidopsis thaliana, Medicago truncatula and Oryza sativa. We will consider how the implementation of the ABA signaling module might be a target of natural selection, to help contribute to the diversity of root architecture in nature.

  10. The experience city and challenges for architects and urban designers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Marling, Gitte

    2008-01-01

    Hybride kulturprojekter i kina skaber nye public domains i det offentlige rum. Arkitektonisk arbejdes der med performativ arkitektur. Artiklen præsenterer et interessant projekt og stiller på den baggrund spørgsmål til den kulturelle satsning i skandinaviske byer Udgivelsesdato: 2008...

  11. Architecting boron nanostructure on the diamond particle surface

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bai, H.; Dai, D.; Yu, J.H. [Key Laboratory of Marine New Materials and Application Technology, Ningbo Institute of Materials Technologies and Engineering, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 519 Zhuangshi Road, Zhenhai, Ningbo 315201 (China); Nishimura, K. [Key Laboratory of Marine New Materials and Application Technology, Ningbo Institute of Materials Technologies and Engineering, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 519 Zhuangshi Road, Zhenhai, Ningbo 315201 (China); Kochi FEL Co. Ltd., 3-1,Shinonome-cho, Kochi-shi 780-0805 (Japan); Sasaoka, S. [Kochi FEL Co. Ltd., 3-1,Shinonome-cho, Kochi-shi 780-0805 (Japan); Jiang, N., E-mail: jiangnan@nimte.ac.cn [Key Laboratory of Marine New Materials and Application Technology, Ningbo Institute of Materials Technologies and Engineering, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 519 Zhuangshi Road, Zhenhai, Ningbo 315201 (China)

    2014-02-15

    The present study provides an efficient approach for nano-functionalization of diamond powders. Boron nanostructure can be grown on diamond particle entire surface by a simple heat-treatment process. After treatment, various boron nanoforms were grown on the diamond particle surface at different processing temperature. High-density boron nanowires (BNWs) grow on the diamond particle entire surface at 1333 K, while nanopillars cover diamond powders when the heat treatment process is performed at 1393 K. The influence of the pretreatment temperature on the microstructure and thermal conductivity of Cu/diamond composites were investigated. Cu/diamond composites with high thermal conductivity of 670 W (m K){sup −1} was obtained, which was achieved by the formation of large number of nanowires and nanopillars on the diamond particle surface.

  12. Architecting Communication Network of Networks for Space System of Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhasin, Kul B.; Hayden, Jeffrey L.

    2008-01-01

    The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) and the Department of Defense (DoD) are planning Space System of Systems (SoS) to address the new challenges of space exploration, defense, communications, navigation, Earth observation, and science. In addition, these complex systems must provide interoperability, enhanced reliability, common interfaces, dynamic operations, and autonomy in system management. Both NASA and the DoD have chosen to meet the new demands with high data rate communication systems and space Internet technologies that bring Internet Protocols (IP), routers, servers, software, and interfaces to space networks to enable as much autonomous operation of those networks as possible. These technologies reduce the cost of operations and, with higher bandwidths, support the expected voice, video, and data needed to coordinate activities at each stage of an exploration mission. In this paper, we discuss, in a generic fashion, how the architectural approaches and processes are being developed and used for defining a hypothetical communication and navigation networks infrastructure to support lunar exploration. Examples are given of the products generated by the architecture development process.

  13. Highly-stretchable 3D-architected Mechanical Metamaterials

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiang, Yanhui; Wang, Qiming

    2016-09-01

    Soft materials featuring both 3D free-form architectures and high stretchability are highly desirable for a number of engineering applications ranging from cushion modulators, soft robots to stretchable electronics; however, both the manufacturing and fundamental mechanics are largely elusive. Here, we overcome the manufacturing difficulties and report a class of mechanical metamaterials that not only features 3D free-form lattice architectures but also poses ultrahigh reversible stretchability (strain > 414%), 4 times higher than that of the existing counterparts with the similar complexity of 3D architectures. The microarchitected metamaterials, made of highly stretchable elastomers, are realized through an additive manufacturing technique, projection microstereolithography, and its postprocessing. With the fabricated metamaterials, we reveal their exotic mechanical behaviors: Under large-strain tension, their moduli follow a linear scaling relationship with their densities regardless of architecture types, in sharp contrast to the architecture-dependent modulus power-law of the existing engineering materials; under large-strain compression, they present tunable negative-stiffness that enables ultrahigh energy absorption efficiencies. To harness their extraordinary stretchability and microstructures, we demonstrate that the metamaterials open a number of application avenues in lightweight and flexible structure connectors, ultraefficient dampers, 3D meshed rehabilitation structures and stretchable electronics with designed 3D anisotropic conductivity.

  14. Collins And Turner Architects,澳大利亚

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ Design Concept The concepts apartments are based on a repeating module allowing the standardisation of building components and systems. Its narrow floor plates maximise cross-ventilation, generous balconies shield the building from the eastern sun and provide outdoor spaces, and steel meshes provide additional shading. A spacious residential retreat has been envisioned.

  15. The Experience City and challenges for Architects and Urban Designers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Marling, Gitte

    2008-01-01

    emphasise experiences that challenge, that urge reflection and that contain elements of learning just as the Nordic welfare city must strive for a socially and culturally inclusive urban life which includes offers for many different lifestyles and cultures in its diversity.     Consequently......The article discusse the challenges of the experience economy from a Nordic welfare perspective. It argues that the challenges of the experience economy must be combined with the ambition that our cities are not reduced to entertainment engines. The urban life in the Nordic "welfare cities" must...

  16. The struggle for life of the genome's selfish architects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Filée Jonathan

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Transposable elements (TEs were first discovered more than 50 years ago, but were totally ignored for a long time. Over the last few decades they have gradually attracted increasing interest from research scientists. Initially they were viewed as totally marginal and anecdotic, but TEs have been revealed as potentially harmful parasitic entities, ubiquitous in genomes, and finally as unavoidable actors in the diversity, structure, and evolution of the genome. Since Darwin's theory of evolution, and the progress of molecular biology, transposable elements may be the discovery that has most influenced our vision of (genome evolution. In this review, we provide a synopsis of what is known about the complex interactions that exist between transposable elements and the host genome. Numerous examples of these interactions are provided, first from the standpoint of the genome, and then from that of the transposable elements. We also explore the evolutionary aspects of TEs in the light of post-Darwinian theories of evolution. Reviewers This article was reviewed by Jerzy Jurka, Jürgen Brosius and I. King Jordan. For complete reports, see the Reviewers' reports section.

  17. Architecting the Firm: Coherency and Consistency in Managing the Enterprise

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Turner, Patrick; Gøtze, John; Bernus, Peter

    2010-01-01

    Traditional Enterprise Architecture (EA) practice lacks a clear and effective governance and management layer that is easily understandable and intuitive to senior decision makers with the modern organisation. This paper uses three case studies to demonstrate the relative maturity of different EA...

  18. Optical coherence tomography: imaging architect for dermal microdialysis in psoriasis

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Connell, M.-L.; O'Connor, W.; Ramsay, B.; Guihen, E.; Ho, W. L.; Leahy, M. J.

    2011-03-01

    Optical coherence tomography (OCT) has been used as part of a ground breaking translational study to shed some light on one of the worlds most prevalent autoimmune diseases; psoriasis. The work successfully integrates the fields of optical imaging, biochemistry and dermatology in conducting a dermal microdialysis (DMD) trial for quantitative histamine assessment amongst a group of psoriasis sufferers. The DMD process involves temporary insertion of microscopic hollow tubes into a layer of skin to measure the levels of histamine and other important biological molecules in psoriasis. For comparison purposes, DMD catheters were implanted into healthy, peri-lesional and lesional skin regions. The catheters' entry and exit points and their precise locations in the epidermal layer of the skin were confirmed using OCT thus obtaining high resolution, wide-field images of the affected skin as well as catheter placement whilst local microdialysis enabled a tissue chemistry profile to be obtained from these three skin regions including histamine, a local immune system activator known to contribute towards itch and inflammation. Together these tools offer a synergistic approach in the clinical assessment of the disease. In addition, OCT delivered a non-invasive and rapid method for analyzing the affected skin architecture.

  19. Allan Sandage : L'architecte de l'expansion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bonnet-Bidaud, J. M.

    1998-07-01

    Il fut de cette poignee de pionniers qui ouvrirent le monde extragalactique. Depuis pres de 50 ans, Allan Sandage poursuit la quete amorcee par le "maitre" Edwin Hubble : mesurer le taux d'expansion de l'Univers. Rencontre avec une legende vivante de la cosmologie...

  20. Designing the Architects Foundation According to Sustainable Development Approach

    OpenAIRE

    GOLBADINEZHAD, Golnaz; ZANDIAN, Jalal

    2015-01-01

    Unfavorable environmental and climatic condition has been the inseparable principles of architecture and building, and recognition of the architecture and environment and mutual interaction between them, and creating an architecture coordinated with environment is one of the basic concepts in architectural designing which should be known and examined seriously. Hence, nowadays, environmental condition setting is widely discussed in academic and technical circles of architecture and building w...

  1. UCLA SARA (System Architect's Apprentice) demonstration

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fenchel, R.S.; Razouk, R.R.

    1978-06-01

    A sample session with the SARA system is given. The system is a set of design and modeling tools which are implemented on the MIT-Multics computer system. This demonstration is intended to acquaint all interested persons with the state of implementation of the SARA system and the flavor of its use. The system is currently under implementation; however, all the demonstrated tools are available to any user with access to the MIT-Multics system. Additional tools will soon be available.

  2. Developing a living city process : an architect's approach to enabling interdisciplinary practice in infrastructure development

    OpenAIRE

    Webb, Rosemarie

    2010-01-01

    peer-reviewed This research project develops a methodology for creating multifunctional infrastructure projects. It focuses on enabling an interdisciplinary approach to the establishment of a brief for the redesign of a road, the orbital route, in Galway City, Ireland. The research begins with the premise that infrastructure projects are unavoidably multifunctional in nature, having both social and utilitarian aspects. The project defines a method of conceiving of these projects using mapp...

  3. Quark: a method to assist software architects in architectural decision-making

    OpenAIRE

    Ameller, David; Franch Gutiérrez, Javier

    2013-01-01

    Quality attributes (QAs) and constraints are among the principal drivers of architectural decision-making. QAs are improved or dam- aged by architectural decisions (ADs), while constraints directly include or exclude parts of the architecture (e.g., logical components or technologies). We may determine the impact of a AD, or which parts of the architecture are a ected by a constraint, but at the end it is hard to know if we are respecting the quality requirements (requirements over the ...

  4. Listening in Circles: Spoken Drama and the Architects of Sound, 1750-1830

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    V. Tkaczyk

    2013-01-01

    The establishment of the discipline of architectural acoustics is generally attributed to the physicist Wallace Clement Sabine, who developed the formula for reverberation time around 1900, and with it the possibility of making calculated prognoses about the acoustic potential of a particular design

  5. Initiating Improvements: The HR Department as the Architect of Quality-of-Life Initiatives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reis, Frank William

    2002-01-01

    Describes how a wellness program, campus safety and security program, and institutional knowledge management program are succeeding at Cuyahoga Community College after the human resources (HR) department won administrative support for their implementation. (EV)

  6. Planning and installing photovoltaic systems a guide for installers, architects and engineers

    CERN Document Server

    Deutsche Gesellschaft für Sonnenenergie (DGS)

    2013-01-01

    New third edition of the bestselling manual from the German Solar Energy Society (DGS), showing you the essential steps to plan and install a solar photovoltaic system. With a global focus, it has been updated to include sections on new technology and concepts, new legislation and the current PV market.Updates cover:new developments in inverter and module technologymarket situation worldwide and outlookintegration to the grid (voltage stabilization, frequency, remote control)new legal requirements for installation and planningoperational costs for dismantling and recyclingfeed-in managementnew requirements for fire protectionnew requirements in Europe for electric waste (Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment, WEEE) and the restriction of the use of certain hazardous substances (RoHS).Also providing information on current developments in system design, economic analysis, operation and maintenance of PV systems, as well as new software tools, hybrid and tracking systems.An essential manual for installers, e...

  7. Influence of oxygen in architecting large scale nonpolar GaN nanowires

    CERN Document Server

    Patsha, Avinash; Pandian, Ramanathaswamy; Dhara, S

    2015-01-01

    Manipulation of surface architecture of semiconducting nanowires with a control in surface polarity is one of the important objectives for nanowire based electronic and optoelectronic devices for commercialization. We report the growth of exceptionally high structural and optical quality nonpolar GaN nanowires with controlled and uniform surface morphology and size distribution, for large scale production. The role of O contamination (~1-10^5 ppm) in the surface architecture of these nanowires is investigated with the possible mechanism involved. Nonpolar GaN nanowires grown in O rich condition show the inhomogeneous surface morphologies and sizes (50 - 150 nm) while nanowires are having precise sizes of 40(5) nm and uniform surface morphology, for the samples grown in O reduced condition. Relative O contents are estimated using electron energy loss spectroscopy studies. Size-selective growth of uniform nanowires is also demonstrated, in the O reduced condition, using different catalyst sizes. Photoluminescen...

  8. 48 CFR 31.105 - Construction and architect-engineer contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... shall be used in the pricing of contracts and contract modifications in this category if cost analysis... accounting practice used is in accordance with the contractor's established and consistently followed cost accounting practices for all work. (4) Rental and any other costs, less any applicable credits incurred...

  9. ARCHITECT'S LIGHT AND HEAVY%建筑师的轻与重

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    2000年由帕布罗·卡斯特洛和詹妮弗·李共同创立的OBRA建筑事务所,今年在北京建立了他们的第二个工作室.OBRA负责的项目范围很广,并一致通过对于材料、结构、选址和体验的探索追求发明的灵感和兴趣.他们的实践试图挑战并拓展建筑挖掘其自身意义/涵义的隐喻范畴.OBRA把每个项目都视为与其周边环境、外延的选址以及对建筑作品的理念理解密切相关.因此,很多他们的方案和已完成的作品包括户外元素和大自然融合的因素.

  10. Enabling Reuse of Documentation in New Medical Device Development: A Systematic Architecting Approach

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Troels Victor; Parslov, Jakob Filippson; Mortensen, Niels Henrik

    2015-01-01

    Medical device companies are continuously challenged with the ability to prove compliance with increasingly complex regulatory frameworks. Operating under heavy regulatory requirements may therefore cause significant delays to the lead time of new medical devices and thus contribute significantly...... to time-to-market for even simple medical device development projects. In this paper we illustrate how medical device companies can reduce their research and development (R&D) efforts needed to prove compliance when developing new product families by means of platforming and modularization. The results......&D efficiency while reducing time-to-market for new medical device development....

  11. Arhitekt ja sotsiaalne linnaruum = Architect and Social Urban Space / Krista Kodres

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kodres, Krista, 1957-

    2005-01-01

    Eesti arhitektuuris domineeriva arhitekt-skulptori positsiooni, kehva avaliku ruumi kvaliteedi ning linnaplaneerimise taseme põhjustest. On vaadeldud eelkõige kaasaegse eesti arhitektuuri liidergruppe, keskendutud põhiliselt sellele, mis seostub arhitekti kui sotsiaalse tellimuse täitja rolliga. Artiklist inspireeritud arutlus (eesti k.) Krista Kodrese ja ajakirja peatoimetaja Triin Ojari vahel

  12. Lisbon Treaty – the architect of a new European institutional structure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria POPESCU

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The European Union is today managed by the Lisbon Treaty, which stated, in his time, and rightly so, that is a step towards European integration, both at the institutional and human level, a treaty that succeed, despite difficulties, to move forward the European project that combined his account about half a century. The changes introduced by the Lisbon Treaty have a significant impact on EU governance. Treaty of Lisbon makes substantial changes in the management of the EU, especially with regard to the European Council, the Council of Ministers and the EU's rotating presidency. The main task of the research in this paper is the approach of the provisions of the EU Reform Treaty (Lisbon Treaty in terms of constitutional law. Research conducted prior to permit formulation of a general belief, namely that common European history of all its successes and difficulties demonstrates the viability of the European idea and the correct direction of institutional developments in the EU and the Member States.

  13. Angry young architects: Counterculture and the critique of modernism in Brisbane, 1967-72

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gosseye, J.

    2014-01-01

    By 1967, Brisbane architecture students had had enough. Disenchantment with their “out-dated” architectural education and the rigidity of the Australian architectural establishment opened out onto the wider context of the Moratorium opposing the Vietnam War, and the peculiarly conservative and react

  14. Investigation into a Layered Approach to Architecting Security-Informed Safety Cases

    OpenAIRE

    Netkachova, K.; Müller, K.; Paulitsch, M.; Bloomfield, R. E.

    2015-01-01

    The paper describes a layered approach to analysing safety and security in a structured way and creating a security-informed safety case. The approach is applied to a case study – a Security Gateway controlling data flow between two different security domains implemented with a separation kernel based operating system in an avionics environment. We discuss some findings from the case study, show how the approach identifies and ameliorates important interactions between safety and security and...

  15. 48 CFR 52.232-26 - Prompt payment for fixed-price architect-engineer contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... include its TIN on the invoice only if required elsewhere in this contract. (ix) Electronic funds transfer... of Electronic Funds Transfer Information with Offer), contract clause (e.g., 52.232-33, Payment by... interest penalty in accordance with the Office of Management and Budget prompt payment regulations at 5...

  16. An Information Architect's View of Earth Observations for Disaster Risk Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moe, K.; Evans, J. D.; Cappelaere, P. G.; Frye, S. W.; Mandl, D.; Dobbs, K. E.

    2014-12-01

    Satellite observations play a significant role in supporting disaster response and risk management, however data complexity is a barrier to broader use especially by the public. In December 2013 the Committee on Earth Observation Satellites Working Group on Information Systems and Services documented a high-level reference model for the use of Earth observation satellites and associated products to support disaster risk management within the Global Earth Observation System of Systems context. The enterprise architecture identified the important role of user access to all key functions supporting situational awareness and decision-making. This paper focuses on the need to develop actionable information products from these Earth observations to simplify the discovery, access and use of tailored products. To this end, our team has developed an Open GeoSocial API proof-of-concept for GEOSS. We envision public access to mobile apps available on smart phones using common browsers where users can set up a profile and specify a region of interest for monitoring events such as floods and landslides. Information about susceptibility and weather forecasts about flood risks can be accessed. Users can generate geo-located information and photos of local events, and these can be shared on social media. The information architecture can address usability challenges to transform sensor data into actionable information, based on the terminology of the emergency management community responsible for informing the public. This paper describes the approach to collecting relevant material from the disasters and risk management community to address the end user needs for information. The resulting information architecture addresses the structural design of the shared information in the disasters and risk management enterprise. Key challenges are organizing and labeling information to support both online user communities and machine-to-machine processing for automated product generation.

  17. Sidwell Friends Quaker School, Washington, DC, by KieranTimberlake Architects

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vibæk, Kasper Sánchez; Stylsvig Madsen, Ulrik

    2012-01-01

    In 2006 the new Middle School Building on the campus of Sidwell Friends School in Washington DC was completed at a cost of $28 million. The project is a renovation and addition to a fifty-year-old educational facility transforming the building and the surrounding landscape into a green expression...

  18. Eesti Maastikuarhitektide Liidu "Aasta tegu 2014" = Estonian Landscape Architects' Union annual achievment award 2014 / Minea Kaplinski

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaplinski, Minea

    2015-01-01

    Eesti Arhitektide Liidu algatatud EV 100 arhitektuuriprogramm "Hea avalik ruum" pälvis Eesti Maastikuarhitektide Liidu preemia "Aasta tegu 2014". Töögrupi koosseis: Kalle Vellevoog, Ingrid-Mald Villand, Ylle Rajasaar. Loetletud 2015. aasta oktoobriks toimunud arhitektuurikonkursid ja nende võitjad

  19. Small and Local until it hurts? -Architects and Engineers development in a Professional knowledge industry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Koch, Christian; Buser, Martine

    2009-01-01

      Micro, Small and Mediumsize enterprises are important in European Economy, both in terms of employment and innovation. Equally these firms are assigned an important role in the Architectural, Engineering and Construction industry (AEC). This article reports research made amongst small professio...

  20. Changing Pedagogic Codes in a Class of Landscape Architects Learning "Ecologically Sustainable Development"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lawson, G. M.

    2010-01-01

    Professional discourse in education has been the focus of research conducted mostly with teachers and professional practitioners, but the work of students in the built environment has largely been ignored. This article presents an analysis of students' visual discourse in the final professional year of a landscape architecture course in Brisbane,…

  1. Securing Location Services Infrastructures: Practical Criteria for Application Developers and Solutions Architects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karamanian, Andre

    2013-01-01

    This qualitative, exploratory, normative study examined the security and privacy of location based services in mobile applications. This study explored risk, and controls to implement privacy and security. This study was addressed using components of the FIPS Risk Management Framework. This study found that risk to location information was…

  2. Understandability of goal-oriented requirements engineering concepts for enterprise architects

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Engelsman, Wilco; Wieringa, Roel

    2014-01-01

    ArchiMate is a graphical language for modelling business goals and enterprise architecture. In previous work we identified possible understandability issues with the goal-oriented notations in ArchiMate. [Problem] We investigated how understandable the goal-oriented concepts really were in two quasi

  3. Focusing on natural elements in the early design process, new potentials for architects?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sjøstedt, Victoria

    2010-01-01

    solutions. Furthermore the result shows that a more elaborated use of natural elements acts as a means to better implement environmental concerns in the early design process, and reinforces the connection to the local context, of particular importance in China, where rapid transformation processes make...

  4. Architecting end-to-end convergence of Web and Telco services

    OpenAIRE

    Nicolas, Gérard; Sbata, Karim; Najm, Elie

    2011-01-01

    International audience Over the last few years, significant evolutions such as the mobile phones' enhanced Web-browsing capabilities and the technical incursion of Web major players into the Telco world (e.g. Google, Facebook) have reduced the gap between Telecom and Web worlds. In this context, converging IMS or Internet Protocol Multimedia Subsystem and Web service platforms has become a key challenge that needs to be addressed by both Web and telecom players. Several interesting solutio...

  5. The CEOS Global Observation Strategy for Disaster Risk Management: An Enterprise Architect's View

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moe, K.; Evans, J. D.; Frye, S.

    2013-12-01

    The Committee on Earth Observation Satellites (CEOS) Working Group on Information Systems and Services (WGISS), on behalf of the Global Earth Observation System of Systems (GEOSS), is defining an enterprise architecture (known as GA.4.D) for the use of satellite observations in international disaster management. This architecture defines the scope and structure of the disaster management enterprise (based on disaster types and phases); its processes (expressed via use cases / system functions); and its core values (in particular, free and open data sharing via standard interfaces). The architecture also details how a disaster management enterprise describes, obtains, and handles earth observations and data products for decision-support; and how it draws on distributed computational services for streamlined operational capability. We have begun to apply this architecture to a new CEOS initiative, the Global Observation Strategy for Disaster Risk Management (DRM). CEOS is defining this Strategy based on the outcomes of three pilot projects focused on seismic hazards, volcanoes, and floods. These pilots offer a unique opportunity to characterize and assess the impacts (benefits / costs) of the GA.4.D architecture in practice. In particular, the DRM Floods Pilot is applying satellite-based optical and radar data to flood mitigation, warning, and response, including monitoring and modeling at regional to global scales. It is focused on serving user needs and building local institutional / technical capacity in the Caribbean, Southern Africa, and Southeast Asia. In the context of these CEOS DRM Pilots, we are characterizing where and how the GA.4D architecture helps participants to: - Understand the scope and nature of hazard events quickly and accurately - Assure timely delivery of observations into analysis, modeling, and decision-making - Streamline user access to products - Lower barriers to entry for users or suppliers - Streamline or focus field operations in disaster reduction - Reduce redundancies and gaps in inter-organizational systems - Assist in planning / managing / prioritizing information and computing resources - Adapt computational resources to new technologies or evolving user needs - Sustain capability for the long term Insights from this exercise are helping us to abstract best practices applicable to other contexts, disaster types, and disaster phases, whereby local communities can improve their use of satellite data for greater preparedness. This effort is also helping to assess the likely impacts and roles of emerging technologies (such as cloud computing, "Big Data" analysis, location-based services, crowdsourcing, semantic services, small satellites, drones, direct broadcast, or model webs) in future disaster management activities.

  6. Conceiving Scenario-Based IS Support for Knowledge Synthesis: The Organization Architect

    OpenAIRE

    Kam Hou VAT

    2005-01-01

    This paper examines the idea of creating information systems (IS) support for knowledge work through the elaboration of typical organizational scenarios. Specifically, our research is driven by a belief that the design issues of IS support must be situated in the context of social processes in which, in a specific organizational scenario, a particular group of people can conceptualize their knowledge work and hence the purposeful action they wish to undertake. This provides the basis for asce...

  7. The Use of Native Hawaiian Plants by Landscape Architects in Hawaii

    OpenAIRE

    Tamimi, Laila N.

    1996-01-01

    Hawaii has lost significant numbers of native flora and fauna resulting from introduced grazing animals, invasive flora, fire and a loss of habitat due to urbanization and agricultural use. Scientists believe that protecting these plants can be achieved by eliminating or reducing threats to native ecosystems, generating and maintaining genetic back-up and by outplanting. The Endangered Species Act and Acts 73 and 236 (State Law requiring the use of native Hawaiian plants in State funded pro...

  8. Architecting Prodiguer: the next generation French climate modelling data management platform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morgan, Mark; Denvil, Sebastien; Bhardwaj, Ashish

    2010-05-01

    The Pierre Simon Laplace Institute (IPSL), like many other climate modeling groups, is involved in the international development of a comprehensive Earth System Model (ESM) to study the interactions between chemical, physical, and biological processes. This work entails the coupling of different components (land, ocean, atmosphere, chemistry...etc) and requires an execution environment platform that can tackle the entire range of interdependent model configurations. Furthermore, the ever-increasing number of simulations, executed against model configurations within scientific computing centres, is generating a huge volume of data and meta-data that must be made available to the international community of researchers, modelers, students and general users. IPSL is in the process of implementing a French national project called Prodiguer whose objective is to ensure that the data and meta-data can be delivered to the French & international communities in a timely and appropriate fashion, hence acheiving the strategic goals outlined above. Prodiguer aims to leverage, extend and build upon the work of international projects such as Earth System Grid, METAFOR and IS-ENES. Thus Prodiguer is to be seen as one actor amongst many attempting the difficult task of information integration within a complex enterprise space. We will present the technical architecture being put in place to achieve the goals of Prodiguer. Such an architecture necessarily encompasses many aspects of Service / Resource Orientated Architural practice. From security to messaging patterns, from message queues to failover strategies, we will illustrate how pragmatism is inevitably the main driver behind such an architecture. We will also illustrate that as the number of actors increases so does workflow complexity, and as a consequence simplicity becomes an important guiding factor in itself.

  9. 48 CFR 52.236-23 - Responsibility of the Architect-Engineer Contractor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... performance of this contract, and the Contractor shall be and remain liable to the Government in accordance... ACQUISITION REGULATION (CONTINUED) CLAUSES AND FORMS SOLICITATION PROVISIONS AND CONTRACT CLAUSES Text of... coordination of all designs, drawings, specifications, and other services furnished by the Contractor...

  10. Humdrum Tasks of the Salaried Men: Edwin Williams, a London County Council Architect at War

    OpenAIRE

    Nick Beech

    2015-01-01

    Working at the London County Council Architects’ Department through the 1930s to 1950s, and known (if at all) as a member of the design team for the Royal Festival Hall, Edwin Williams is usually presented as a regressive figure, his design work marked by his Beaux Arts training. Using archival evidence and histories of the construction industry, this paper sets out Williams’s role in the organisation of rescue and recovery services in London during the Second World War. The paper argues that...

  11. Space architecture education for engineers and architects designing and planning beyond earth

    CERN Document Server

    Häuplik-Meusburger, Sandra

    2016-01-01

    This book considers two key educational tools for future generations of professionals with a space architecture background in the 21st century: (1) introducing the discipline of space architecture into the space system engineering curricula; and (2) developing space architecture as a distinct, complete training curriculum.  Professionals educated this way will help shift focus from solely engineering-driven transportation systems and “sortie” missions towards permanent off-world human presence. The architectural training teaches young professionals to operate at all scales from the “overall picture” down to the smallest details, to provide directive intention–not just analysis–to design opportunities, to address the relationship between human behavior and the built environment, and to interact with many diverse fields and disciplines throughout the project lifecycle. This book will benefit individuals and organizations responsible for planning transportation and habitat systems in space, while a...

  12. An Engineer, an Architect, and an Anthropologist Walk into a Conference Room...

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aiken, Jo

    2016-01-01

    Ethnographers are urged to "be there", in the field, in order to gain insight about a particular culture. When the field is unreachable, or does not yet exist, the applied anthropologist must adapt their methods accordingly while maintaining the integrity of their research. The space industry presents a unique case study for such a dilemma. Drawing on Bourdieu's 1977 reflection on the structural constraints and the forming of unconscious schemes of thought imposed by the material world on the body, this paper considers the effect of the presence and absence of place in applied, collaborative anthropological work.

  13. The architects of crenarchaeal chromatin : A biophysical characterization of chromatin proteins from Sulfolobus solfataricus

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Driessen, Rosalie Paula Catharina

    2014-01-01

    Understanding of chromatin organization and compaction in Archaea is currently limited. The genome of several megabasepairs long is folded by a set of small chromatin proteins to fit into the micron-sized cell. A first step in understanding archaeal chromatin organization is to study the action of i

  14. CTCF-cohesin complex: architect of chromatin structure regulates V(D)J rearrangement

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ann J Feeney; Jiyoti Verma-Gaur

    2012-01-01

    The CTCF/cohesin complex regulates higher order chromatin structure by creating long-range chromatin loops and by insulating neighboring genes from each other.The lymphocyte antigen receptor loci have large numbers of CTCF/cohesin binding sites,and recent studies demonstrate that the CTCF/cohesin complex plays several important roles in regulating the process of V(D)J recombination at these megabase-sized receptor loci.

  15. The practical SoundLab for architects: sound parameters as a design tool

    OpenAIRE

    Bauer, Juergen

    2013-01-01

    The experience gained from exploring the subject of Acoustics with architectural students in Waterford Institute of Technology (Ireland) suggests that a studio situation can be exploited and used as a case study for young designers to become familiar with basic sound phenomena. From phase 1 of previous research, the student "audiovisual design workshop" concluded that class rooms, that perform poorly acoustically, can help to strengthen the students' understanding of the sonic environment, in...

  16. BioClimatic Architecture without Architects: Green Design Tips by Insects, Animals and Vernacular Buildings

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Christodoulou, A.

    2011-01-01

    This "designers' manual" is made during the TIDO-course AR0531 Smart & Bioclimatic Design. In our struggle towards a smarter building approach we can get our inspiration from natural and vernacular buildings, which survived for thousands of years and integrated well with nature, without the technol

  17. SARA (System ARchitects Apprentice): Modeling, analysis, and simulation support for design of concurrent systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Estrin, G.; Fenchel, R.S.; Razouk, R.R.; Vernon, M.K.

    1986-02-01

    An environment to support designers in the modeling, analysis and simulation of concurrent systems is described. It is shown how a fully nested structure model supports multilevel design and focuses attention on the interfaces between the modules which serve to encapsulate behavior. Using simple examples the paper indicates how a formal graph model can be used to model behavior in three domains: control flow, data flow, and interpretation. The effectiveness of the explicity environment model in SARA is discussed and the capability to analyze correctness and evaluate performance of a system model are demonstrated. A description of the integral help designed into SARA shows how the designer can be offered consistent use of any new tool introduced to support the design process.

  18. Collaboration between physician Emerich Lindenmayer and architect Jan Nevole in restoring the Sokobanja Turkish bath

    OpenAIRE

    Mitrović Gordana; Nešković Marina

    2015-01-01

    The Sokobanja Turkish bath is an exceptional example of twosection baths and quite particular in its style, structure type and technology used. It is one of the two of the same type that remained in Serbia and the only one that has retained its original function. About its construction we learn from the Vidin sanjak defter from the second half of the 16th century. In the lavish built heritage inventory, Turkish baths are quite unique secular public structur...

  19. 7 CFR 1788.11 - Minimum insurance requirements for contractors, engineers, and architects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... catastrophe form. c. Automobile liability insurance on all motor vehicles used in connection with the contract...)(b) and (a)(1)(c) of this section. In any such event, the additional premium or premiums...

  20. Op zoek naar de tropenstijl, Leven en werk van prof. ir. C.P. Wolff Schoemaker, Indisch architect

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dullemen, C.J. van

    2008-01-01

    This thesis is about the life and work of Charles Prosper Wolff Schoemaker. He was born on Java in 1882 and died on the same island in May 1949. For his secondary school education and study at the KMA (Royal Military Academy), Charles was sent to the Netherlands. In 1905 he returned to the Dutch Eas

  1. Non-uniform hybrid strategy for architecting and modeling flight vehicle focused system-of-systems operations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tian Yifeng

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available To balance the contradiction between comprehensiveness of system-of-systems (SoS description and cost of modeling and simulation, a non-uniform hybrid strategy (NUHYS is proposed. NUHYS groups elements of an SoS operation into system community or relatively independent system based on contributors complexity and focus relationship according to the focus of SoS problem. Meanwhile, modeling methods are categorized based on details attention rate and dynamic attention rate, seeking for matching contributors. Taking helicopter rescue in earthquake relief as an example, the procedure of applying NUHYS and its effectiveness are verified.

  2. Põhuteater ehk Salto arhitektide must monoliit = Straw Theatre or the Black Monolith by the Salto Architects / Risto Kozer

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kozer, Risto

    2011-01-01

    Tallinnas 2011. a. valminud NO99 Põhuteatrist. Arhitektid: Maarja Kask, Karli Luik, Ralf Lõoke, Pelle-Sten Viiburg (Salto AB). Projekt: 2010. Loodud ajaperioodiks 30.04.-01.10.2011. Skoone bastionist enne Põhuteatrit

  3. Op zoek naar de tropenstijl, Leven en werk van prof. ir. C.P. Wolff Schoemaker, Indisch architect

    OpenAIRE

    Dullemen, C.J. van

    2008-01-01

    This thesis is about the life and work of Charles Prosper Wolff Schoemaker. He was born on Java in 1882 and died on the same island in May 1949. For his secondary school education and study at the KMA (Royal Military Academy), Charles was sent to the Netherlands. In 1905 he returned to the Dutch East Indies, where, after a short career in the KNIL (Royal Dutch East Indies Army), he held positions as engineer with de Water Works Department of the Ministry of Civil Public Works, director of Pub...

  4. The Perception of Malaysian Architects towards the Implementation of Green Roofs: A Review of Practices, Methodologies and Future Research

    OpenAIRE

    Zahir M.H. Md.; Raman S.N.; Mohamed M.F.; Jamiland M.; Nopiah Z.M.

    2014-01-01

    The implementation of green roofs or vegetated roof as a sustainable tool to mitigate the Urban Heat Island effect is relatively new in Malaysia. Although it has not been tested on an urban scale, many research findings have indicated that green roofs can contribute towards enhancing the environmental and aesthetical quality of the built environment. It was hypothesized that the low application of green roofs in the Malaysian construction industry is due to the lack of awareness, understandin...

  5. Henry Currey FRIBA (1820-1900): leading Victorian hospital architect, and early exponent of the "pavilion principle".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cook, G C

    2002-06-01

    The "pavilion plan" for hospital design originated in France in the 18th century and was popularised in England by John Roberton and George Godwin in the mid-19th century; the underlying rationale was that with improved ventilation the mortality rate (at that time exceedingly high) was significantly reduced. Among the enthusiasts for this new style was Florence Nightingale (herself a miasmatist)--who had experienced astronomically high death rates in the hospital at Scutari during the Crimean War (1854-6). One of the leading exponents of this style of hospital architecture was Henry Currey (1820-1900) whose greatest achievement was undoubtedly the design for the new St Thomas's Hospital on the Lambeth Palace Road.

  6. A letter about Water and Sensing & Dancing - an architect reflecting upon Fortuny and Wagner - Wagnerism in the visual arts

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fisker, Anna Marie

    2013-01-01

    Contribution to symposium catalogue - presenting the vision for a future dance performance devoted to sensing and water. Published at the final symposium for the artistic research project "Sense & Dance".......Contribution to symposium catalogue - presenting the vision for a future dance performance devoted to sensing and water. Published at the final symposium for the artistic research project "Sense & Dance"....

  7. Uuriv arhitektuur : intervjuu arhitekt Sten Gromarkiga = Exploring Architecture : Interview with architect Sten Gromark / Sten Gromark ; interv. Katrin Paadam

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Gromark, Sten

    2007-01-01

    Üks toimetajatest ja autoritest 2006. a. Stockholmis ilmunud arhitektuurikogumikust "Utforskande Arkitektur" ("Uuriv arhitektuur"), mille kandev idee on uuriv suhtumine arhitektuuri sotsiaalsetesse ja kultuurilistesse võimalustesse ja võimalikkusesse

  8. Danish and British Architects at Work: A Micro-Study of Architectural Encounters after the Second World War

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Coninck-Smith, Ning

    2010-01-01

    Invoking a statement by the cultural geographer David Livingstone--that location is essential to knowing--this paper focuses on Danish school architecture during the 1950s and 1960s and the interplay between local geography and developments and discussions on the national and international scene. Through exhibitions and study tours and…

  9. Acoustics and the Performance of Music Manual for Acousticians, Audio Engineers, Musicians, Architects and Musical Instrument Makers

    CERN Document Server

    Meyer, Jürgen

    2009-01-01

    Acoustics and the Performance of Music connects scientific understandings of acoustics with practical applications to musical performance. Of central importance are the tonal characteristics of musical instruments and the singing voice including detailed representations of directional characteristics. Furthermore, room acoustical concerns related to concert halls and opera houses are considered. Based on this, suggestions are made for musical performance. Included are seating arrangements within the orchestra and adaptations of performance techniques to the performance environment. In the presentation we dispense with complicated mathematical connections and deliberately aim for conceptual explanations accessible to musicians, particularly for conductors. The graphical representations of the directional dependence of sound radiation by musical instruments and the singing voice are unique. Since the first edition was published in 1978, this book has been completely revised and rewritten to include current rese...

  10. Teachers as Architects of Transformation: The Change Process of an Elementary-School Teacher in a Practitioner Research Group

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vetter, Amy

    2012-01-01

    Lasting change in teacher practice is difficult because it expects that teachers challenge and reconstruct deeply embedded practices and beliefs. Less research has examined teachers' change process to better understand what professional spaces foster teachers as they construct their own transformation. This qualitative study examined the following…

  11. 抽象的本质:nred的建筑实践%Abstract Natures from nred Architects

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    Nred Arquitectos事务所由Magui Gonza1ez和Jose Antonio Sosa两位建筑师的工作室组成,他们在教学及实验实践中发展出一套“抽象”的机制,这种理论性框架以逻辑关系为基础,立足于双重空间的分析与实践,使建筑师能应对不同的概念,并能适用于特定项目。

  12. Applying the art of systems and organizational architecting in order to implement operational design into Marine Corps planning doctrine

    OpenAIRE

    Rogers, Claiborne H.

    2011-01-01

    Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. In 2010, the USMC changed its Marine Corps Planning Process (MCPP) to include operational design in response to direction from the Commander of United States Joint Forces Command (USJFCOM). This updated process however has proven to be misunderstood and fundamentally no different from the previous edition based upon the classical decision making model. This thesis therefore presents an alternative planning process for the United State...

  13. Service architecting and dynamic composition in pervasive smart ecosystems for the Internet of things based on sensor network technology

    OpenAIRE

    Familiar Cabero, Miguel Santos

    2014-01-01

    Why pervasive awareness and Ambient Intelligence are perceived by a great part of the academia and industry as a massive revolution in the short-term? In our best knowledge, a cornerstone of this thought is based on the fact that the ultimate nature of the smart environment paradigm is not in the technology itself, but on a people-centered approach. Perhaps, is in this apparently simple conception where precisely lies the boldness of this promising vision, which has been consolidated in recen...

  14. Making Effective Decisions in Computer Architects' Real-World: Lessons and Experiences with Godson-2 Processor Designs

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wei-Wu Hu; Jian Wang

    2008-01-01

    Although the design of many kinds of microprocessors has been under developing for several decades, the computer architecture R&D community lacks well documented lessons and experiences about design decisions in the research literature. In this paper, we systematically present the design decisions we made during the designing and prototyping of Godson-2 series processors. The 250MHz Godson-2B, 450MHz Godson-2C, and 1GHz Godson-2E processors that implement 64-bit, four-issue, out-of-order architecture were taped out in 2003, 2004, and 2005, respectively. Each processor triples its predecessor in the SPEC CPU2000 rates. Our first-hand experiences and lessons gained from these designs would provide unique perspectives and insights that are not available in any existing text books and/or published papers. We summarize 10 critical lessons and experiences based on hundreds of our attempts at architectural and design optimizations for performance improvement of Godson-2 series processors. Tile issues include silicon-simulation correlation, design balancing, performance optimizing, and pico-architecture tuning. We conclude that persistent improvement, attitude towards work-on-silicon design,and insightful understanding of software and fabrication process are the three most important factors for designing a high performance processor with low energy consumption.

  15. Was Rumi the Chief Architect of Islamism? A Deconstruction Attempt of the Current (MisUse of the Term "Islamism"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ihsan Yilmaz

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This study problematizes the current usage of the term Islamism and endeavors to deconstruct it. The distinction between Islam, Islamic and Islamism is difficult to discern as they are used interchangeably. Its current usage does not allow it be an analytical definition and tool to analyze socio-political phenomena. Some scholars label even socially active observant Muslims as Islamists. Such usage of the term blurs the differences between individuals who take Islam as an ideology and individuals who simply see life as a divine test and try to follow religion's basic tenets that demand social activism. A good case in point is Rumi who lived in the thirteenth century. His life and activities show that today's habit of defining socially active Muslims ---who do not espouse an anti-West rhetoric and stay away from daily politics--- as Islamists is applicable to Rumi as well, showing that a more refined and fine tuned definition of Islamism is needed and its arbitrary use to label every observant and socially active Muslim to somehow imply that a good Muslim is a non-practicing and socially inactive Muslim should be avoided. The paper also proffers that new terms should be coined to discern several Islamist ideologies and groups from each other.

  16. To School under a Big Sky: A Review of Extension to Carnaun National School by Paul Dillon Architects

    OpenAIRE

    Murphy, Orla

    2013-01-01

    Originally dating from 1891, Carnaun National School is one of the model primary schools rolled out by the State. The brief for the most recent extension to the school called for an additional classroom, resource room, and general office. non-peer-reviewed

  17. Shedding New Light on the 18th Dynasty Mummies of the Royal Architect Kha and His Spouse Merit.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raffaella Bianucci

    Full Text Available The mummies of Kha and his wife Merit were found intact in an undisturbed tomb in western Thebes near the ancient workers' village of Deir el-Medina. Previous MDCT (this abbreviation needs spelling out investigations showed that the bodies of Kha and Merit did not undergo classical royal 18th Dynasty artificial mummification, which included removal of the internal organs. It was, therefore, concluded that the retention of the viscera in the body, combined with an absence of canopic jars in the burial chamber, meant the couple underwent a short and shoddy funerary procedure, despite their relative wealth at death. Nevertheless, all internal organs - brain, ocular bulbs/ocular nerves, thoracic and abdominal organs - showed a very good state of preservation, which contradicts the previous interpretation above. In order to better understand the type of mummification used to embalm these bodies, both wrapped mummies were reinvestigated using new generation X-ray imaging and chemical microanalyses Here we provide evidence that both individuals underwent a relatively high quality of mummification, fundamentally contradicting previous understanding. Elucidated "recipes", whose components had anti-bacterial and anti-insecticidal properties, were used to treat their bodies. The time and effort undoubtedly employed to embalm both Kha and Merit and the use of imported costly resins, notably Pistacia, do not support the previously held view that the two individuals were poorly mummified. Despite a lack of evisceration, the approach clearly allowed their in situ preservation as well as affording a fairly successful mummification.

  18. Shedding New Light on the 18th Dynasty Mummies of the Royal Architect Kha and His Spouse Merit.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bianucci, Raffaella; Habicht, Michael E; Buckley, Stephen; Fletcher, Joann; Seiler, Roger; Öhrström, Lena M; Vassilika, Eleni; Böni, Thomas; Rühli, Frank J

    2015-01-01

    The mummies of Kha and his wife Merit were found intact in an undisturbed tomb in western Thebes near the ancient workers' village of Deir el-Medina. Previous MDCT (this abbreviation needs spelling out) investigations showed that the bodies of Kha and Merit did not undergo classical royal 18th Dynasty artificial mummification, which included removal of the internal organs. It was, therefore, concluded that the retention of the viscera in the body, combined with an absence of canopic jars in the burial chamber, meant the couple underwent a short and shoddy funerary procedure, despite their relative wealth at death. Nevertheless, all internal organs - brain, ocular bulbs/ocular nerves, thoracic and abdominal organs - showed a very good state of preservation, which contradicts the previous interpretation above. In order to better understand the type of mummification used to embalm these bodies, both wrapped mummies were reinvestigated using new generation X-ray imaging and chemical microanalyses Here we provide evidence that both individuals underwent a relatively high quality of mummification, fundamentally contradicting previous understanding. Elucidated "recipes", whose components had anti-bacterial and anti-insecticidal properties, were used to treat their bodies. The time and effort undoubtedly employed to embalm both Kha and Merit and the use of imported costly resins, notably Pistacia, do not support the previously held view that the two individuals were poorly mummified. Despite a lack of evisceration, the approach clearly allowed their in situ preservation as well as affording a fairly successful mummification.

  19. Non-uniform hybrid strategy for architecting and modeling flight vehicle focused system-of-systems operations

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Tian Yifeng; Liu Hu; Luo Mingqiang; Huang Jun

    2016-01-01

    To balance the contradiction between comprehensiveness of system-of-systems (SoS) description and cost of modeling and simulation, a non-uniform hybrid strategy (NUHYS) is pro-posed. NUHYS groups elements of an SoS operation into system community or relatively indepen-dent system based on contributors complexity and focus relationship according to the focus of SoS problem. Meanwhile, modeling methods are categorized based on details attention rate and dynamic attention rate, seeking for matching contributors. Taking helicopter rescue in earthquake relief as an example, the procedure of applying NUHYS and its effectiveness are verified.

  20. 78 FR 21938 - Notice of Issuance of Final Air Permit; Architect of the Capitol-Capitol Power Plant

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-12

    ... plantwide applicability limit (PAL) for emissions of oxides of nitrogen as an indicator for nitrogen dioxide, particulate matter less than or equal to ten micrometers in diameter, and greenhouse gases. This action...

  1. Pritzker Architecture Prize Winning Architect: Tadao Ando (Ⅲ)%普利茨克建筑奖获奖建筑师——安藤忠雄(下)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张荣华; 刘松茯; 张作魁

    2009-01-01

    @@ 日本建筑师安藤忠雄是当今世界最具影响的建筑大师之一,他的作品在简洁的建筑形态中蕴含深厚的东方文化意蕴,充分挖掘和体现了东方独特的环境心理和精神内涵.安藤忠雄通过对日本民族深层文化的不断探索研究,找到了传统和现代的契合点,从而将现代建筑的发展推向了一个新的高度.上一期主要介绍了安藤忠雄建筑作品中东方文化意蕴的形态特点,本期将阐释其东方文化意蕴的个性化凝练.

  2. Pritzker Architecture Prize Winning Architect: Tadao Ando (Ⅱ)%普利茨克建筑奖获奖建筑师——安藤忠雄(中)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张荣华; 刘松茯; 张作魁

    2009-01-01

    @@ 日本建筑师安藤忠雄是当今世界最具影响的建筑大师之一,他的作品充分挖掘和体现了东方独特的环境心理和精神内涵,简洁的建筑形态中蕴含深厚的东方文化意蕴.他通过对日本民族深层文化的不断探索研究,找到了传统和现代的契合点,从而将现代建筑的发展推向了一个新的高度.

  3. 普利茨克建筑奖获奖建筑师——扎哈˙哈迪德(下)%Pritzker Architecture Prize Winning Architect:

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李静薇; 刘松茯

    2009-01-01

    @@ 英国建筑师扎哈·哈迪德以前卫激进的建筑形式和艺术化的建筑草图闻名于世.啥迪德"创新无畏",其创作思想和作品随着时代和社会的变迁呈现出令人瞠目结舌的变化.2009年02期主要介绍了扎哈·哈迪德前瞻性的创作思想,本期内容阐释其个性化的设计手法.

  4. 建筑师勒·柯布西耶的建筑风格评析%An Review on the Creative Style of the Architect Le Corbusier

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨玲; 张力

    2002-01-01

    勒·柯布西耶是现代建筑运动的激进分子和主将,也是二十世纪最重要的建筑师之一.本文通过对其具有代表性的建筑作品的评析,阐明了其多变、新奇的创作风格.

  5. Efficient thinking for architects & building engineers - a guide of the ETAB method with different processes and new approaches based on the automotive industry, marine industry and aerospace engineering

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Van Ellen, L.; Huitema, A.; Verlaan, B.

    2016-01-01

    This "designers' manual" is made during the TIDO-course AR0531 Innovation and Sustainability We have come with a new thinking and design method (the ETAB method) which is based on design methods used by the car industry, marine industry and aerospace engineering. With this method, easy and innovati

  6. Reconstrucción virtual del palacio medieval de Pedro I en los Reales Alcázares de Sevilla: the architect´s cut

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Concepción Rodríguez Moreno

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Es obvio que sin un adecuado análisis arqueológico e histórico no podríamos hacer una lectura rigurosa y científica del Patrimonio Arquitectónico pero no siempre resulta tan claro que, en esa lectura, también deberían valorarse los factores que diferencian al hecho arquitectónico del resto de producciones artísticas: la funcionalidad o la lógica compositiva del espacio, la importancia de la luz, el color y la belleza, los significados y las emociones que aquella arquitectura debió transmitir en su época, etc. Creemos que el estudio de la arquitectura histórica que se ha hecho, y en parte se sigue haciendo, no satisface completamente los requerimientos para comprender los fenómenos arquitectónicos de una determinada época. Muchas veces falta en él la visión sensitiva y vital de los arquitectos, con toda la subjetividad que esa visión implica.

  7. View on residence of Mexico architect Luis Barragan%墨西哥建筑师路易斯·巴拉干住宅赏析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    任彦涛; 李雪玲; 周术

    2007-01-01

    通过对巴拉干住宅的起居室、书房、小庭院、厨房、餐厅、屋顶平台等各建筑空间的详细介绍剖析,阐述了路易斯·巴拉干独特的设计思想及其设计理念,为后来设计者的设计提供了一些参考思路.

  8. Landscape Architects and the Site Construction of 2000 Sydney Olympic Games%风景园林师与悉尼奥运会的场地建设

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张红卫

    2003-01-01

    在悉尼奥运会场地建设中,风景园林师发挥了重要的作用,在奥林匹克公园、千年公园和奥运村规划设计中,风景园林师都扮演了重要的角色,并证明了自己专业的价值.

  9. 巴洛克建筑师波洛米尼的建筑思想%Architectural ideas of Baroque architect Poirot Minnie

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王鸣娇

    2011-01-01

    通过分析波洛米尼的晚期代表作--传道总会的神学院,阐述了传道总会神学院的平、立面设计,试图谨慎且恰当地总结波洛米尼的建筑语言特征,进而阐明了波洛米尼的建筑思想.

  10. 新加坡建筑师及建筑实践介绍%AN INTRODUCTION TO SINGAPORE ARCHITECTS AND PRACTICES

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马裕华; 宋晔皓

    2000-01-01

    从艰难的20世纪60年代到繁荣的90年代,在推进国家建筑环境的发展方面,不论是各个商业机构还是个人,新加坡际遇了很多角色.表现优异的组织、大型或小型的建筑师事务所、政府机构和私家公司、建筑师,数量众多,难以囊括于文中.本文简述了新加坡独立前,建筑业实践的一些壳面,并以此为背景,介绍了几个当代的组织和建筑师.作者力图整理出他们设计思维和设计作品的纲要,因为这些思维和作品影响了建筑环境,影晌了社会的经济共同体,赢得了杰出的竞赛奖项或赞赏,并为新加坡及该地区30年来的建筑设计贡献了创新观点和指导要则.

  11. Eesti Arhitektide Liidu aastapreemia 2015 = The annual prize of 2015 of the Union of Estonian Architects / Rainer Mahlamäki

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mahlamäki, Rainer

    2015-01-01

    Soome arhitekti Rainer Mahlamäki mõtteid Eesti kaasaegsest arhitektuurist, tema ringsõidust Tallinnasse, Kuressaarde, Pärnusse ja Tartusse. Eesti Arhitektide Liidu aastapreemia 2015 äramärkimine: villa Pärnus Lõuna 2a restaureerimine (arhitekt Jaak Huimerind, sisearhitekt Mari Kurismaa). Eesti Arhitektide Liidu aastapreemia 2015 kandidaadid: elu- ja ärihoone Tallinnas Kentmanni 6 (arhitekt Indrek Allmann); büroohoone Tallinnas Sõpruse pst 157 (arhitekt Indrek Suigusaar); Tallinna Tehnikaülikooli Kuressaare kolledži väikelaevaehituse kompetentsikeskuse katsebasseini ja laboratooriumite hoone Kuressaares Tallinna 19 (arhitektid Kalle Komissarov, Aet Ader, Mari Hunt, Kadri Klementi, Lembit-Kaur Stöör); White Beach golfi klubihoone Valgerannas Pärnumaal (arhitektid Jaan Port, Markus Nimik, Katrin Kaevats, Neeme Tiimus)

  12. Sisearhitektid Väino Tamm ja Vello Asi. Näitusekataloog = Interior architects Väino Tamm and Vello Asi. Exhibition catalogue

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Näitusekataloogi "Tamm ja Asi" autor ja koostaja Karen Jagodin ning kujundaja Tiit Jürna pälvisid Eesti Sisearhitektide Liidu 2007. a. publitsistika preemia. Enamik raamatus publitseeritud fotodest pärineb fotograaf Rein Vainküla kogust. K. Jagodinist ja T. Jürnast, nende fotod

  13. Cartwright Pickard Architects,英国%Winners of Living Steel 2nd International Architecture Competition for Sustainable Housing in U.K.

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ Design Concept The concept proposes volumetric steel modules constructed from a fully welded hot and cold rolled steel frame, which will be used for the substructure of the dwellings. The pre-fabricated modules are factory built and fully fitted out prior to delivery to site. The proposed project places apartments in staggered, terrace arrangements. The design promotes flexibility through its modular design, and low costs through energy saving measures, a high degree of insulation and building orientation.

  14. Was Rumi the Chief Architect of Islamism? A Deconstruction Attempt of the Current (MisUse of the Term “Islamism”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ihsan Yilmaz

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available This study problematizes the current usage of the term Islamism and endeavors to deconstruct it. The distinction between Islam, Islamic and Islamism is difficult to discern as they are used interchangeably. Its current usage does not allow it be an analytical definition and tool to analyze socio-political phenomena. Some scholars label even socially active observant Muslims as Islamists. Such usage of the term blurs the differences between individuals who take Islam as an ideology and individuals who simply see life as a divine test and try to follow religion’s basic tenets that demand social activism. A good case in point is Rumi who lived in the thirteenth century. His life and activities show that today’s habit of defining socially active Muslims ---who do not espouse an anti-West rhetoric and stay away from daily politics--- as Islamists is applicable to Rumi as well, showing that a more refined and fine tuned definition of Islamism is needed and its arbitrary use to label every observant and socially active Muslim to somehow imply that a good Muslim is a non-practicing and socially inactive Muslim should be avoided. The paper also proffers that new terms should be coined to discern several Islamist ideologies and groups from each other.

  15. Architecting Big Data: Challenges, Studies and Forecasts%架构大数据:挑战、现状与展望

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王珊; 王会举; 覃雄派; 周烜

    2011-01-01

    大数据分析相比于传统的数据仓库应用,具有数据量大、查询分析复杂等特点.为了设计适合大数据分析的数据仓库架构,文中列举了大数据分析平台需要具备的几个重要特性,对当前的主流实现平台——并行数据库、MapReduce及基于两者的混合架构进行了分析归纳,指出了各自的优势及不足,同时也对各个方向的研究现状及作者在大数据分析方面的努力进行了介绍,对未来研究做了展望.%Compared with traditional data warehouse applications, big data analytics are huge and complex. To design a favorable architecture for big data analytics, this paper lists some key features for big data analytics, summarizes current main implementation platforms(parallel databases, MapReduce, and hybrid architectures based on them), and points their pros and cons. Some current researches are also investigated, our work are introduced and some challenging research problems in the future are discussed.

  16. Optimising for sun and light - the environmental performance of bio-climatic high-rise offices by Malaysian architect Kenneth Yeang

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ip, K.; Puteri Shireen Jahnkassim [University of Brighton (United Kingdom). School of the Environment

    2000-07-01

    Bioclimatic highrises represent an architectural response to the problem of regionalism in highrises and are based mainly on climate as a form determinant. They integrate sky courts, the use of vertical landscaping and vegetation, sun shading and use of natural ventilation in transitional areas such as the lift and ground floor lobbies. Sensitivity studies on bioclimatic highrises in tropical climate have shown that the use of daylight to save electric light and the optimum design of the building envelope can achieve significant energy savings by maintaining the balance between thermal and lighting requirements. In this study the overall envelope of two of Ken Yeang's highrise design, Menara Mesiniaga and Menara UMNO, are optimised with regards to the balance between the opposing impacts - daylight and solar gain. Apart from the external design features, the applications of photovoltaic systems to enhance the energy efficiency of these buildings are also investigated. The optimisation is carried out through the use of the FACET computer program that incorporates the use of dynamic thermal simulation program APACHE and lighting simulation RADIANCE. The paper concludes with the energy saving potential of bioclimatic design and limitations of the current study. (author)

  17. Designing Shelter in New Buildings. A Manual for Architects on the Preliminary Designing of Shielding from Fallout Gamma Radiation in Normally Functioning Spaces in New Buildings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knott, Albert

    Analysis of radiation fallout prevention factors in new construction is presented with emphasis on architectural shielding principles. Numerous diagrams and charts illustrate--(1) radiation and fallout properties, (2) building protection principles, (3) details and planning suggestions, and (4) tabular data interpretation. A series of charts is…

  18. 森佩尔——一位建筑师及建筑史家%Gottfried Semper: Architect and Historian

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    约瑟夫·里克沃特; 包志禹; 王贵祥

    2006-01-01

    @@ 编者按: 原文载于Gottfried Semper,The Four Elements of Architecture and Other Writings,Translated by Harry Francis Mallgrave & Wolfgang Herrmann,Cambridge University Press,New York-New RochellMelbourne-Sydney,1989,ppvii-xviii.作者约瑟夫·里克沃特(Joseph Rykwert)在北京参加"首届《建筑师》国际论坛"(北京,2005.06.01-03)之际,译者征得里克沃特先生中文翻译版权,求教并廓清文中诸多艺术历史的疑难.文中所有注释均为译者注.

  19. Berliini ehitusühingud: kogukonnad siselinnas = Berliner Baugruppe: Building Neighborhoods in the Inner-city / Kristien Ring

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ring, Kristien

    2010-01-01

    Arhitektide algatusel moodustatud Berliini ehitusühingute üheskoos ehitatud kortermajadest Berliini siselinnas. Mitmele põlvkonnale loodud majast (Gruentuch Ernst Architects), aiaga villast (Zoomarchitekten), 7-korruselisest puitelamust (Kaden Klingbeil Architects), kaksikmajast (Zanderroth Architects)

  20. A collaboration process for enterprise architecture creation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nakakawa, Agnes

    2012-01-01

    Designing an enterprise architecture involves architect-specific tasks (those that are executed by enterprise architects) and collaboration dependent tasks (those whose proper execution requires enterprise architects to collaborate with organizational stakeholders). Enterprise architecture framework

  1. 构筑数字地球促进中国和全球的可持续发展%Architect digital earth to promote the sustainable development at home and abroad

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐冠华

    1999-01-01

    @@ 在迎接21世纪的历史时刻,我们来自世界五大洲的科学家、工程师和管理专家亲切聚会,展示"数字地球"相关领域已经取得的丰硕成果,探讨21世纪人类社会面临的机遇与挑战,交流对"数字地球"理论、技术、应用等各方面的认识,展望"数字地球"的前景,倍感欣慰.

  2. ESL aastapreemia 2007 žürii koosoleku protokoll : 7. aprill 2008 = Estonian Society of Interior Architects annual award 2007 : official minutes of the meeting of the jury : 7 April 2008

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    2007. a. ühiskondliku interjööri preemia: Tea Tammelaan, Malle Jürgenson, Krista Lepland (Lotte lasteaed), ajaloolise interjööri preemia: Külli Salum, Riina Harik (hotell Telegraaf), büroointerjööri preemia: Urmo Vaikla, Tüüne-Kristin Vaikla (Sakubü büroo), publitsistika preemia: Karen Jagodin, Tiit Jürna (näitusekataloog "Tamm ja Asi", eripreemia: Margus Mänd (klubi Underground). Žürii koosseis

  3. 普利茨克建筑奖获奖建筑师——让·努维尔(中)%Pritzker Architecture Prize Winning Architect:Jean Nouvel(II)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁格菲; 刘松茯; 徐刚

    2009-01-01

    @@ 法国建筑师让·努维尔以创作富有时代意义、多元融合的诗意建筑而闻名于世.他对于创造性建筑实践有着无止境的追求,这一品质也使他荣获2008年普利茨克建筑奖.上一期从时代精神与历史文化融合的角度剖析了让·努维尔的建筑创作实践,本期将从技术手段层面进一步加以阐释.

  4. Pritzker Architecture Prize Winning Architect Rem Koollhaas (Ⅰ)%普利茨克建筑奖获奖建筑师——雷姆·库哈斯(上)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙巍巍; 刘松茯

    2009-01-01

    荷兰著名建筑师雷姆·库哈斯是一位勇于创新的普利茨克建筑奖获得者,他关注当代文化对城市与建筑的影响,他对建筑的锐利敏感和非凡的创造力为他赢得了广泛的赞誉。

  5. Pritzker Architecture Prize Winning Architect:Rem Koollhaas(Ⅱ)%普利茨克建筑奖获奖建筑师——雷姆·库哈斯(中)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙巍巍; 刘松茯

    2009-01-01

    荷兰著名建筑师雷姆·库啥斯是一位勇于创新、关注当代文化对城市、建筑影响的普利茨克建筑奖获得者,他对建筑的锐利敏感和非凡的创造性为他赢得了广泛的赞誉。

  6. 普利茨克建筑奖获奖建筑师——理查德·迈耶(中)%Pritzker Architecture Prize Winning Architect:Richard Meier(Ⅱ)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈辉; 刘松茯

    2010-01-01

    @@ 在异彩纷呈的建筑领域,理查德·迈耶是一位风格独特的建筑大师,他热衷于对建筑形式的捕捉、对建筑空间的营造和光与影的游戏,以独特的建筑作品和理论丰富了现代建筑原则.品味迈耶的建筑,总是可以感受到形式和功能、空间的完美结合,体会到一种强烈的连续性和统一性.上一期从建筑的创作理念和思想方面阐述了迈耶建筑作品形式特质的本源,本期将进一步通过建筑实例来解析其设计手法.

  7. 普利茨克建筑奖获奖建筑师——安藤忠雄(上)%Pritzker Architecture Prize Winning Architect: Tadao Ando(Ⅰ)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张荣华; 刘松茯; 张作魁

    2009-01-01

    日本建筑师安藤忠雄是当今世界最具影响的建筑大师之一,其作品于简洁的建筑形态中蕴含深厚的东方文化意蕴,并充分挖掘和体现了东方文化独特的环境心理和精神内涵。安藤忠雄通过对日本民族深层文化的不断探索研究,找到了传统和现代的契合点,从而将现代主义建筑的发展推向了一个新的高度。

  8. Pritzker Architecture Prize Winning Architect: Richard Meier (Ⅲ)%普利茨克建筑奖获奖建筑师——理查德·迈耶(下)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈辉; 刘松茯

    2010-01-01

    @@ 在异彩纷呈的建筑领域,理查德·迈耶是一位风格独特的建筑大师,他热衷于建筑形式的捕捉建筑空间的营造和光与影的游戏,以独特的建筑作品和理论丰富了现代建筑原则.品味迈耶的建筑,总是可以感受到形式和功能、空间的完美结合,体会到一种强烈的连续性和统一性.上一期通过建筑实例的解析阐述了迈耶建筑作品形式特质的设计手法,本期将进一步解读其形式特质创作最终的物化表现.

  9. 普利茨克建筑奖获奖建筑师——让·努维尔(中)%Pritzker Architecture Prize Winning Architect: Jean Nouvel(Ⅱ)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁格菲; 刘松茯; 徐刚

    2009-01-01

    @@ 法国建筑师让·努维尔以创作时代感强、多元融合的诗意建筑而闻名于世.他对于创造性建筑实践有着无止境的追求,这一品质使他荣获2008年普利茨克建筑奖的桂冠.让·努维尔的突出成就在于他抓住了新时代文化融合的契机,实现了新建筑文化的建构和建筑技术与情感的平衡,探索出独具特色的新现代主义建筑创作之路.

  10. 从坂茂获普利兹克奖看建筑师的社会责任%Thinking of Architect's Social Responsibility from Pritzker Prize by Shigeru Ban

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐望松

    2014-01-01

    2014年普利兹克建筑奖颁发给日本建筑师坂茂,不仅缘于他对自然材料尤其是纸质材料的运用表现出的创新精神,也不仅在于他的众多的杰出建筑作品,更是由于他人道主义救助所表现出的超乎寻常的社会责任感.从坂茂获得被誉为建筑界的诺贝尔奖——普利兹克奖,对比、反思中国建筑师的社会责任感,我们有些建筑师放弃建筑师职业道德底线,有的建筑师表现出极端个人主义,有的建筑师则追随浅薄的时尚和潮流,有的建筑师关注个人名利.我们应该从坂茂获普利兹克奖受到启发,坚守建筑师的职业精神,担当起应有的建筑师的社会责任.

  11. 普利茨克建筑奖获奖建筑师——扎哈·哈迪德(下)%Pritzker Architecture Prize Winning Architect: Zaha Hadid(III)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李静薇; 刘松茯

    2009-01-01

    英国建筑师扎哈·啥迪德以前卫激进的建筑形式和艺术化的建筑草图闻名于世。啥迪德“创新无畏”,其创作思想和作品随着时代和社会的变迁呈现出令人瞠目结舌地变化。《城市建筑》09年03期内容阐释扎啥·哈迪德的个性化设计手法,本期主要介绍其艺术化的表现媒介。

  12. Pritzker Architecture Prize Winning Architect:Rem Koolhaas(III)%普利茨克建筑奖获奖建筑师——雷姆·库哈斯(下)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙巍巍; 刘松茯

    2009-01-01

    荷兰著名建筑师雷姆·库哈斯是一位勇于创新、关注当代文化对城市与建筑影响的普利茨克建筑奖获得者,他对建筑的锐利敏感和非凡的创造性为他赢得了广泛的赞誉。库啥斯的建筑作品不拘一格、形式多变,但始终坚持为当代现实生活和人的使用要求服务,是一种本质的、思想赋形的建筑。《城市建筑》上一期介绍了库哈斯的建筑创作手法,本期将分析其建筑美学。

  13. 从建筑师的创新成就看集合住宅的发展与演变%The Development and Evolution of Multifamily Housing in View of the Innovative Achievements of Architect

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

      在新视角下,集合住宅可谓是针对住宅建筑实施有效的分类与细化所得出的相关产物。伴随着城市化进程的不断深化,集合住宅已然成为现代化城市主体内容。在此,本文将从建筑创新成就角度出发,充分结合实例,针对集合住宅的发展演变进行简要探讨。%In the new perspective, multifamily housing is the effective implementation of the related products of classificati-on and refinement in residential building. Along with the dee-pening process of the city, multifamily housing has become the main content of modern city. Then, this article wil from the angle of building innovation achievements, combined exampl-es, makes a brief discussion aiming at the development of mu-ltifamily housing.

  14. Report 2000 of EDF nuclear park '' Humans, architects of the progress; Bilan 2000 du parc nucleaire d'EDF ''les hommes, artisans du progres''

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stricker, L.

    2001-03-01

    This report presents the results of the EDF nuclear park, during 2000, in matter of safety, environment and competitiveness. In 2000, the EDF nuclear installations safety still improved. Hopeful the nuclear energy part in its power production, EDF avoids the carbon dioxide diffusion in the atmosphere. EDF also commits itself to reduce the liquid effluents, the gaseous emissions and the solid wastes. At the same time EDF remained competitive with a decrease of the kWh price of 7%. (A.L.B.)

  15. History as the Architect of the Present : What Made Kashmir the Nucleus of South Asia Terrorism India-Pakistan Conflict and its Impact on U.S. Homeland Security

    OpenAIRE

    Dutta, Sunil

    2012-01-01

    This thesis focuses on the root causes of conflict in South Asia that have created the environment in the Afghan Pakistan border areas, which nurtures insurgency. The causes are rooted in the decisions, made by the British Empire in the 19th and 20th centuries, to perpetuate her rule in the Indian subcontinent. A disregard for the history and its impact on the current events has lead to prolonging of U.S. war in Afghanistan. The conclusion is that colonial history of South Asia has shaped cur...

  16. 梦幻建筑师——路易斯·巴拉干与弗雷德里克·基斯勒%Dreamful Architects: Luis Barragan & Frederick Kiesler

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王晖

    2009-01-01

    本文通过对路易斯·巴拉干和弗雷德里克·基斯勒的代表作:巴拉干自宅和无尽宅的分析,探讨了两人之间隐秘的关系.作者认为对洞穴、迷宫,连续性,梦境和超现实的执着追寻使两位建筑师超越了线性一非线性的分野而紧密联系在一起.

  17. 潮流之外——墨西哥建筑师路易斯·巴拉干%BEYOND THE FASHION——ON THE MEXICAN ARCHITECT, LUIS BARRAGAN

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王丽方

    2000-01-01

    路易斯·巴拉干是一个沉默寡言的人,终其一生,只设计了一些不起眼的小住宅、小园林.与风起云涌的建筑潮流中心几乎没有往来,他独自探索着自己的路,巴拉干在建筑中表现美和情感,给作品注入了诗意.巴拉干成为20世纪最重要的建筑师之一.今天,从世界各地赶来的建筑师、艺术家,还有更多的无名学子,来体验巴拉干创造的美,在他的空间中捕捉灵感,寻求艺术的启迪.

  18. On the Design Idea and Conception of the Architect Luis Barragan%浅析墨西哥景观设计师巴拉干的设计理念与设计意境

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    秦柯; 吴岩

    2008-01-01

    介绍了墨西哥景观设计师巴拉干的成长历程,他的设计理念,并阐释了他的设计语言和设计意境.作者从色彩、先与影、水、空间与尺度4个方面分析了巴拉干的设计作品中设计语言,笔者认为巴拉干的作品其设计意境是诗意、静谧且孤独的.

  19. Thinking on curriculum setting of Landscape Architect Business Practicum%《园林设计师业务实践实习》课程设置的思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邵大伟

    2015-01-01

    针对社会、行业、学校学科发展需要所设置的园林设计师业务实践实习,给用人单位、学生、教师均起到诸多积极帮助,但在学生机遇、知识能力以及管理等方面也存有一些问题.建议通过优化教学培养计划、加强校企合作平台建设、充实师资力量、建立对实习单位的遴选机制等系列举措,保障课程持续健康发展.

  20. From the perspective of research methods analysis the exploration of architect SouFujimoto liubinyan%从研究方法的角度分析建筑师藤本壮介的探索之路

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘彬艳

    2015-01-01

    The article introduces Sou Fujimoto's life briefly. The main part is based on scientific research methods (experimental method )to explain and analyze vine in the residence design and the brief analysis of the source of his thoughts. Finally, summarize the content by the design concept of Sou Fujimoto and his interview.%文章首先介绍藤本壮介的生平介绍,主要部分是以科学研究方法来解释与分析藤本在住宅设计中对实验法的应用以及他的思想的来源简要分析。最后以藤本的设计理念和他的访谈内容来总结全文。

  1. The Research and Praxis of the New Strickbau form Swiss Architect Gion A. Camina%瑞士建筑师Gion A.Caminada关于新型井干式木建筑的探索和实践

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王小红

    2012-01-01

    在瑞士建筑师Gion A.Caminada新型井干式木建筑和卒姆托的建筑齐名,不仅仅是他发展了传统井干式建筑,同时也是因为他对建筑本质的理解没有脱离本土文化及生活。他设计的建筑采用当地材料—木材,创造的场所和空间符合现代人的生活方式和需求,在建造上方式沿袭井干式建筑特点,墙体端部咬合强调井干式建筑的编织特点,为当代轻木建筑的发展建立新的阐释和视野。%In Switzerland, Gion A.Caminada is equally celebrated as Peter Zumtor for his new well structural wooden buildings(Strickbau), for his achievement is not only in development of traditional well-frame constrtlction, but in his understanding of the construction as well, which is close with the local culture and life. His architectures are used local materia-wooden. He creates site and space, where the buildings answer liar the modern life and demand. The buildings are built with well wooden structure, express the intertexture al the end of wall. His architecture based new explain and view for contemporary limber architeclure.

  2. Thermal comfort in low energy buildings. Pt. 2. summery conditions. Planning guides for architects and specialist planners; Thermische Behaglichkeit im Niedrigenergiehaus. T. 2. Sommerliche Verhaeltnisse. Planungsleitfaden fuer Architekten und Fachplaner

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Richter, Wolfgang; Felsmann, Clemens; Gritzki, Ralf; Perschk, Alf; Roesler, Markus; Abdel Fattah, Annina [Technische Univ. Dresden (Germany). Inst. fuer Energietechnik; Hartmann, Thomas [ITG Institut fuer Technische Gebaeudeausruestung Dresden - Forschung und Anwendung GmbH, Dresden (Germany)

    2011-11-15

    Within the contribution under consideration, the German Energy Agency GmbH (Berlin, Federal Republic of Germany) reports on the thermal comfort in low energy buildings under special consideration of summary conditions. After the presentation of an overview of variants, the chapter 'Fundamentals' consists of contributions to thermal comfort, methodical remarks, boundary conditions, uncooled rooms, precooling and full cooling. Other chapters of this contribution are concerned to heat protection and masses in building materials; shading and proportion of windows area; systems engineering.

  3. Thermal comfort in low-energy building. Pt. 1. Wintery conditions. Planning manual for architects and specialist planners; Thermische Behaglichkeit im Niedrigenergiehaus. T. 1. Winterliche Verhaeltnisse. Planungsleitfaden fuer Architekten und Fachplaner

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Richter, Wolfgang [Technische Univ. Dresden (Germany). Inst. fuer Thermodynamik und Technische Gebaeudeausruestung; Hartmann, Thomas [ITG Institut fuer Technische Gebaeudeausruestung Dresden - Forschung und Anwendung GmbH, Dresden (Germany)

    2007-07-01

    The contribution under consideration on the thermal comfort in low-energy buildings starts with an outline of the practice of construction and modernization. The compliance with the thermal comfort is an important requirement for economic construction, optimized energy conservation or reduction of CO{sub 2} emissions and healthy benefits. The impact of thermal protection, the arrangement of the heating surfaces, the proportion of the window areas, the air exchange rate, the heating system and ventilation system on the thermal comfort are described.

  4. Emmanuel Dias: o principal artífice do combate à doença de Chagas nas Américas Emmanuel Dias: the principal architect of the fight against Chagas disease in the Americas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    João Carlos Pinto Dias

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available Comemora-se em 2008 o centenário de nascimento do Dr. Emmanuel Dias, cuja vida foi intensamente dedicada ao estudo, reconhecimento e controle da doença de Chagas. Esta súmula se incorpora às diversas homenagens feitas no Brasil e no Exterior, resgatando alguns elementos históricos na trajetória do cientista e o enorme impacto social resultante direta e indiretamente de seu trabalho. Afilhado e assistente de Carlos Chagas, Emmanuel foi considerado por Chagas Filho como o mais profícuo dos seguidores de seu pai. Em trinta anos de atividades, Dias iniciou-se como brilhante protozoologista depois passando ao enfrentamento da doença humana. Trabalhou intensivamente em diagnóstico, epidemiologia, clinica e controle. Idealizou estratégias de prospecção, mapeou a doença nas Américas, participou diretamente da sistematização da cardiopatia crônica e descreveu o primeiro inseticida eficaz contra os triatomíneos, também formatando a estratégia de seu controle. Mais ainda, estendeu suas atividades para toda a área endêmica, divulgando a doença e seu controle, de um lado, e impulsionando autoridades sanitárias e centros de decisão com vistas a implantação de ações, de outro. De seu trabalho resultaram programas nacionais e regionais que reduziram significativamente a transmissão da doença humana em todo o Continente. Foi recentemente considerado como o cientista que teve o maior impacto no enfrentamento desta tripanossomíase, em todos os tempos.In 2008, the centenary of the birth of Emmanuel Dias, whose life was intensely dedicated to the study, recognition and control of Chagas disease, is being celebrated. This summary of his life joins with the various homages paid in Brazil and abroad, to recall some of the key historical points in this scientist's career and the enormous social impact that resulted directly and indirectly from his work. Dias, who was Carlos Chagas' protégée and assistant, was considered by Chagas Filho to be the most proficient of his father's followers. Over the course of thirty years of activities, Dias began as a brilliant protozoologist and later on turned his attention towards facing the human disease. He worked intensively on diagnostics, epidemiology, clinical studies and control. He devised prospection strategies, mapped out the disease in the Americas, participated directly in systematizing chronic cardiopathy and described the first effective insecticide against triatomines, along with laying out the strategy for their control. Furthermore, he extended his activities throughout the field of this endemic disease: on the one hand, raising awareness about the disease and its control and, on the other hand, propelling health authorities and decision-making centers into action, to implement control measures. His work resulted in national and regional programs that have significantly reduced the transmission of the human disease throughout the continent. Dias was recently said to be the scientist who had had the all-time greatest impact on this trypanosomiasis.

  5. Architecture Design Construction Factors of Denmark Architect Bjarke Ingles%丹麦建筑师比亚克·因格尔斯的建筑设计因子建构

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张智慧; 张秀莲

    2012-01-01

    Design factors are distinct from other design elements. The design elements are basic units in the design, and design factor is the motivation of the evolution of the design. Design factors are not reflected in the building itself, but it was the motivation to promote building logical construction. In a healthy design, design factor is central to its rational design logical strategy.%设计因子有别于设计元素,设计元素是设计中的基本单元,设计因子是设计中促使设计演变的动因.设计因子不体现在建筑造型本身,它是促进建筑逻辑建构的动因.一个健康的设计,设计因子是其理性设计逻辑策略的核心.

  6. IT barometer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Howard, Rob; Samuelson, Olle

    1998-01-01

    The results of parallel surveys of IT use by architects, engineers, contractors and property managers in Denmark and Sweden......The results of parallel surveys of IT use by architects, engineers, contractors and property managers in Denmark and Sweden...

  7. Hvad er universelt design, og hvem udfører det?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Herriott, Richard; Colfelt, Solvej

    2010-01-01

    The article reviews the status of universal design among Danish industrial designers and architects.......The article reviews the status of universal design among Danish industrial designers and architects....

  8. London´s erotic masterpiece

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kerchlango, Jørg

    2004-01-01

    Londoners call it the erotic ghurkin. Architects proclaim Norman Foster´s new building a revolutionary masterwork......Londoners call it the erotic ghurkin. Architects proclaim Norman Foster´s new building a revolutionary masterwork...

  9. 48 CFR 736.603 - Collecting data on and appraising firms' qualifications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT SPECIAL CATEGORIES OF CONTRACTING CONSTRUCTION AND ARCHITECT-ENGINEER CONTRACTS... Disadvantaged Business Utilization. Architect-engineers wishing to perform contracts for USAID should file the... Business Daily, as provided in FAR part 5....

  10. 41 CFR 102-75.235 - May disposal agencies transfer excess property to the Senate, the House of Representatives, and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... transfer excess property to the Senate, the House of Representatives, and the Architect of the Capitol? 102... the Senate, the House of Representatives, and the Architect of the Capitol? Yes, disposal agencies may transfer excess property to the Senate, the House of Representatives, and the Architect of the Capitol...

  11. Unlock performance secrets of next-gen Intel hardware

    CERN Document Server

    CERN. Geneva

    2015-01-01

    Intel® Xeon Phi Product. About the speaker Zakhar is a software architect in Intel SSG group. His current role is Parallel Studio architect with focus on SIMD vector parallelism assistance tools. Before it he was working as Intel Advisor XE software architect and software development team-lead. Before joining Intel he was...

  12. De Amsterdamse bouwmeester en landmeter Jan Jacobszoon Bolten (1738-na 1811)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    T.H. von der Dunk

    2013-01-01

    The Amsterdam architect and surveyor Jan Jacobszoon Bolten (1738-after 1811) is one of many private architects whose name pops up now and then in the literature. This essay, for the first time, sketches his quite varied career. Since mid-1768 he held the post of architect and surveyor in the distric

  13. THE CONCEPT OF MODERN DUTCH COLONIAL ARCHITECTURE TO THE DEVELOPMENT OF JAVANESE ARCHITECTURE

    OpenAIRE

    ARDIYANTO Antonius; DJUNAEDI Achmad; IKAPUTRA Suryabrata; DJADMIKA Adi

    2014-01-01

    Modern architecture colonial present in the early 20th century, when several Dutch graduate architects had begun profession in the Dutch East Indies. The architects of had understood that the development of modern architecture in the East Indies must include the local environment and climate aspects of traditional architecture that has existed in the Dutch East Indies. In this case, two famous architects, the Thomas Karsten and Henri Maclaine Pont, became a pioneers in this movement. The conc...

  14. Brüssel Euroopa pealinnaks? / Ülar Mark

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mark, Ülar, 1968-

    2009-01-01

    Brüsseli Euroopa kvartali planeerimisvõistlusest, mille peakorraldaja oli Brüsseli pealinna piirkond koos Brüsseli linna ja Euroopa Komisjoniga. Eestist osales žüriis arhitekt Ülar Mark. Meeskonna Atelier Christian de Portzamparc võidutööst ja teiste teise vooru pääsenud nelja meeskonna (JDS / Julien De Smedt Architects, OMA / Office for Metropolitan Architecture, Xaveer De Geyter Architect, Fletcher Priest Architects) töödest

  15. Essential software architecture

    CERN Document Server

    Gorton, Ian

    2011-01-01

    Job titles like ""Technical Architect"" and ""Chief Architect"" nowadays abound in software industry, yet many people suspect that ""architecture"" is one of the most overused and least understood terms in professional software development. Gorton's book tries to resolve this dilemma. It concisely describes the essential elements of knowledge and key skills required to be a software architect. The explanations encompass the essentials of architecture thinking, practices, and supporting technologies. They range from a general understanding of structure and quality attributes through technical i

  16. 48 CFR 970.1504-1-7 - Fee base.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ..., buildings and facilities whether to be leased, purchased or constructed; depreciation of Government... the policies applying to architect-engineer or construction contracts. Fees paid for such...

  17. 21. sajandi linnavilla kvintessents / Risto Kozer

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kozer, Risto

    2008-01-01

    Nihkes korrustega linnavilla Tartus Jõekaare elamurajoonis Siili t. 6. Arhitektid: Thomas Pucher, Alfred Bramberger (Atelier Thomas Pucher & Bramberger Architects). Loetletud 8 kaasautorit. Ehituse algus 2007

  18. Jõekaare elurajoon Tartus = Jõekaare housing area in Tartu / Tiit Sild

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sild, Tiit, 1977-

    2009-01-01

    Jõekaare elurajooni arhitektuurikonkursist, lahendusest, 2009. a. valminud korterelamust. Projekteerija Atelier Thomas Pucher & Bramberger Architects, autorid Thomas Pucher ja Alfred Bramberger. Projekt 2006

  19. On the Integration of Digital Design and Analysis Tools

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Klitgaard, Jens; Kirkegaard, Poul Henning; Mullins, Michael

    2006-01-01

    possible approaches for working with digital tectonics by means of acoustics: The architects, the architect-engineer or hybrid practitioner and finally a prototype for a possible digital tectonic tool. For the third approach in the case study a prototype digital tectonic tool is tested on the design...... into integrated digital design and analysis tools in order to find out if it is suited for use by architects and designers or only by specialists and technicians - and if not, then to look at what can be done to make them more available to architects and designers. The paper contains a case study of three...

  20. Understanding Patterns for System of Systems Integration

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kazman, Rick; Schmid, Klaus; Nielsen, Claus Ballegård;

    2013-01-01

    Architecting systems of systems is well known to be a formidable challenge. A major aspect in this is defining the integration among the systems that constitute the system of systems. In this paper, we aim to support the SoS architect by systematically developing a way to characterize system...... of systems integration patterns. These characteristics at the same time support the architecting process by highlighting important issues a SoS architect needs to consider. We discuss the consolidated template and illustrate it with an example pattern. We also discuss the integration of this novel pattern...

  1. 全球趋势——绿色建筑

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苏蕾

    2009-01-01

    @@ LEED is an internationally recognized green building certification system developed by the US Green Building Council (USGBC); There is also a professional certification for building and landscape architects.

  2. A Building Connecting Separated Communities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Axel, Erik

    abroad was constructed by different professional groups architects/engineers/craft persons, and how it was used by some groupings of students. In the beginning of the construction process our interviews with the architects revealed that the architect designing the house collaborated with an architect...... with students from other dormitories, and connect with the Danes from other sections of the building isolating themselves. The janitor was surprised at the supposed function of the washing machines. Since other dormitories at the campus did not provide washing machines, the ones at the house investigated were...

  3. Maailm ehitab / Maria-Kristiina Soomre

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Soomre, Maria-Kristiina, 1978-

    2001-01-01

    Arhitekt Zaha Hadid on valitud Singapuri teaduskeskuse peaarhitektiks. Ehitamist alustatakse biomeditsiini uurimiskompleksiga "Biopolis". Büroo Zaha Hadid Architects tegeleb kaasaegse kunstikeskuste projekteerimisega Rooma ja Cincinnatisse

  4. 48 CFR 5.205 - Special situations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ...) Architect-engineering services. Contracting officers must publish notices of intent to contract for... Competitive Sourcing Official, name of the contracting officer, name of the Agency Tender Official,...

  5. The Commensal Stages of Mankind and Nature--The Works of Netherlandish Landscape Architect Adriaan Geuze%人类和自然共生的舞台——荷兰景观设计师高伊策的设计作品

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王向荣; 张晋石

    2002-01-01

    荷兰景观设计师高伊策的设计思想源于多种艺术思潮的影响和他对自然的独特理解.他的设计作品个性鲜明、风格多样,反映了荷兰景观的典型特征,是人类和自然共生的舞台.

  6. 体验建筑记1985年普利兹克奖得主汉斯·霍莱因(Hans Hollein)和著名建筑师鲍里斯米加中国·湖南讲学%EXPERIENCING ARCHITECTURE Lecture of 1985 Pritzker Prize winner Hans Hollein and Famous Architect Boris Micka in Hunan.

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许昊皓; 黄子云; 湖南省建筑师学会

    2011-01-01

    @@ 2011年3月10日晚,曾获得1985年普利兹克奖的建筑大师,现任维也纳应用艺术大学(theAcademy of Applied Arts)教授汉斯·霍莱因(Hans Hollein)先生来到长沙,在湖南大学建筑学院为大家作了一场题为"EXPERIENCING ARCHITECTURE体验建筑"的学术讲座,这是继著名建筑大师安藤忠雄来湘后湖南建筑学界又一次学术盛会.汉斯·霍莱因教授是一个注重建筑气氛、舒适度等非量化因素的功能主义者,他认为"建筑是一种由建筑物来实现的精神上的秩序", "一切建筑都是有宗教意义的".

  7. The Pritzker Architecture Prize and Contemporary Architectural Trends:and some Thoughts on Chinese Architect Wang Shu who won the Prize 2012%普利茨克建筑奖与当代建筑思潮——从中国建筑师王澍获奖谈起

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    方海

    2013-01-01

    论文从建筑设计奖项发展史的视角入手,讨论包括普利茨克建筑奖在内的两百年来全球主要建筑奖项,评价普利茨克建筑奖的得与失和王澍获奖的原因,并对中国当代建筑创作和王澍的作品进行了评述.

  8. A New Generation of Italian Architects A Review on the Works of Studio Archea%新一代意大利建筑师解读兼评阿克雅建筑师事务所的实践

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    乔瓦尼·莱奥尼; 刘临安; 徐迪彦

    2006-01-01

    今天,活跃在国际建筑舞台上的建筑师是50来岁的一代人,与现代主义建筑大师们相比较,这一代建筑师具有更为特殊的位置.因为他们知道如何糅合不同的建筑创作模式,创造出体现设计者独立个性的做法,善于处理历史文化与当前现实的关系,适宜的合作规模和在建筑作品中巧妙地不事张扬.可是,意大利50来岁的建筑师却不知道处理这样一种恰如其分的平衡,例如如何体现设计者建筑语言的肯定性、在合作过程中如何认识自身的位置,以及面对当今复杂的施工要求如何保证建筑作品在实施过程中不失去个性,正是因为这些问题的处理不当,致使在国际建筑舞台上缺少他们的身影.今天,可以肯定的倒是30-40来岁的意大利建筑师,阿克雅建筑师事务所就是其中的一员.他们能够娴熟地运用国际流行的建筑语言,并且不局限在某种作者定式和个人魅力,致力于把纯粹的学术研究与建筑实践结合在一起.这一代意大利建筑师表现出来的特点是把每一次设计作为一次积极展示他们个人特点的机会,表现出强烈的希望设计作品付诸实施的愿望,以及作品中展现出扎实的结构专业能力.

  9. To Make Each Part of the City Beautiful:An Interview with Li Hu,Partner of Steven Holl Architects%"做好每个城市的片段"——访斯蒂文霍尔建筑师事务所合伙人李虎先生

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钟广丽

    2010-01-01

    @@ 当代MOMA在2009年12月被高层建筑与城市住宅协会(CTBUH)选为全球最佳高层建筑,当初有四个建筑,即采自亚洲区的当代MOMA、美洲区的Mardtoba Hydro Place、中东区的Tornado大楼和欧洲的Broadgate大厦,被评为各区最佳高层建筑,这些大楼都被认为是当地的标志性建筑和环保模范.

  10. Contradiction and Split——Regarding Architect Adolf Luz and the Interpretation of His Ideas%矛盾与分裂——关于建筑师阿道夫·路斯及其思想的解读

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱鹏程

    2014-01-01

    建筑师阿道夫.路斯(Aldof Loos)无疑是二十世纪最伟大同时也最具争论的建筑师之一.自二十世纪以来,不乏建筑理论家(如塔夫里、佩夫斯纳、弗兰姆普顿等)对路斯及其建筑思想的进行研究与解读.而他不仅仅只是提出了“饰面理论”与“体积规划”等建筑理论,也给我们留下了谜一般的背影.对于这样一位独特的建筑师,人们对他的态度总是矛盾的.Alan Colquhoun在其著作《现代建筑》 (Modern Architecture)中用“特立独行” (“maverick”)①这个词汇来描述这位充满迷幻色彩的现代建筑史上“非先锋”的先锋②.本文,作者用关键字矛盾与分裂表述自己对于路斯及其现代性的理解.

  11. Environmental and ecological architects: Guidelines for the Chilean temperate rainforest management derived from the monito del monte (Dromiciops gliroides conservation Arquitectos ambientales y ecológicos: Pautas para la gestión ambiental del bosque templado lluvioso de Chile derivadas de la conservación del monito del monte (Dromiciops gliroides

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    FRANCISCO E FONTÚRBEL

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Land use change is one of the main biodiversity threats. Due to this change, natural habitats such as the South American temperate rainforests have been rapidly degraded, fragmented, and lost. Consequently, the management and conservation of the remaining forest is a priority and having an appropriate environmental policy is mandatory for this purpose. Conservation actions in the temperate rainforest have been addressed from an individual species perspective, giving less attention to the ecosystem level conservation. Moreover, conservation-related information has not reflected yet on environmental policy development. We used the case study of the monito del monte (Dromiciops gliroides to illustrate how our current ecological and conservation knowledge of a species could be used to generate a new environmental policy. Dromiciops gliroides is a forest-dependent species with an important ecological role and quite unique evolutionary status. In order to guarantee the persistence of D. gliroides, we propose two habitat management components to be incorporated in management plans: structure and connectivity. Structure refers to spatial arrangement and key structural elements that determine habitat quality and connectivity refers to functional connectivity at the landscape level. The conservation of the monito del monte might also contribute to the conservation of many other forest-dependent species. By conserving such species it will be possible to conserve the ecological interactions and the eco-evolutionary processes, which ultimately determine the conservation of the temperate rainforest.El cambio de uso de la tierra es una de las principales amenazas a la biodiversidad. Hábitats naturales como el bosque templado lluvioso de Sudamérica han sido degradados, fragmentados y eliminados rápidamente. En consecuencia, es prioritario el manejo y conservación de los remanentes, para lo que es necesario contar con una política ambiental acorde. Las acciones de conservación referentes al bosque lluvioso templado se han abordado mayormente desde una perspectiva de especies individuales, con poco énfasis en la conservación a nivel de ecosistema. Más aún, la información generada en este ámbito tampoco ha permeado en el desarrollo de políticas ambientales. Utilizamos el estudio de caso del monito del monte (Dromiciops gliroides para ilustrar cómo el conocimiento actual en ecología y conservación de una especie puede ser utilizado para generar una nueva política ambiental. Dromiciops gliroides es una especie dependiente del bosque, con un importante rol ecológico y un gran interés evolutivo y de conservación. Para garantizar su persistencia, proponemos dos componentes de gestión del hábitat, a incorporarse en los planes de manejo: la estructura y la conectividad. La estructura hace referencia al arreglo espacial y la presencia de elementos estructurales clave que influyen en la calidad del hábitat, mientras que conectividad se refiere a la conectividad funcional del paisaje. Conservando al monito del monte, se conservarían también otras especies dependientes del bosque y así las interacciones ecológicas y los procesos ecoevolutivos, que determinan finalmente la conservación del bosque lluvioso templado.

  12. Summary of the papers of the 95th Meeting of the West Japan Society of Naval Architects. Joint meeting of three shipbuilding societies in fall, fiscal 1997; Seibu Zosenkai dai 95 kai reikai ronbun gaiko. 1997 nendo shuki zosen sangakkai rengo koenkai

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-10-01

    The paper summarized the papers on the following: estimation of the propulsion performance by the surface vortex lattice method using model ship flow field data; wave-making resistance calculation and performance estimation by the Rankine source method; calculation method of wave-making resistance of Catamaran and solution method of the hydrofoil problem using the convenient panel method; study of estimation of hydrodynamic forces acting on ship in maneuvering motion; study of the combined plant using generator use diesel exhaust heat; mathematical structure of the ocean container transport system; developmental OTEC plants in Indonesia. In relation to structural dynamics/strength problems, reports were made on the hull longitudinal strength theory, FEM modeling in analyses of buckling/plasticity collapse of deflection panels, etc. Further reported were a consideration of the use classification of hull use steel sheets considering fracture toughness, and changes of aspect ratios of small surface cracks emanating from a toe of corner boxing. Concerning ocean structures, there are experimental studies on vibration in water of a semi-spherical shell fixed in water, and a behavior of huge floating structures in regular waves

  13. Invisible photovoltaics - PV basics + 25 design examples

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Meekma, L.T.; Valdes Cano, N.A.; Zhindon Andrade, P.

    2015-01-01

    This "designers' manual" is made during the TIDO-course AR0531 Innovation and Sustainability This manual is intended for architects and designers. Its main objective is to address PV technology as a building material alternative for the architect to incorporate in his design repertoire.

  14. Advanced quality prediction model for software architectural knowledge sharing

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Liang, Peng; Jansen, Anton; Avgeriou, Paris; Tang, Antony; Xu, Lai

    2011-01-01

    In the field of software architecture, a paradigm shift is occurring from describing the outcome of architecting process to describing the Architectural Knowledge (AK) created and used during architecting. Many AK models have been defined to represent domain concepts and their relationships, and the

  15. Gottlieb Bindesbøll and Romantic Historicism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kristensen, Peter Thule

    2013-01-01

    The article demonstrates how the Danish architect Gottlieb Bindesbøll (1800-1856) employed a form of repetition of motifs many places in his architecture, regardless of style. A closer look shows that this is not only a distinctive feature of a single architect's work, but also a new way of achie...

  16. From Vision to Reality

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    Architecture means team work. Within the team the architect plays a key role but must at all times remain flexible. I have often asked myself how much of its design the Casa Malaparte owes to its owner, the poet Malaparte, and how much to the architect Libera. There are no hierarchies within the science of architecture,

  17. 48 CFR 836.606-72 - Contract price.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contract price. 836.606-72... CATEGORIES OF CONTRACTING CONSTRUCTION AND ARCHITECT-ENGINEER CONTRACTS Architect-Engineer Services 836.606-72 Contract price. (a) Where negotiations with the top-rated firm are unsuccessful, the...

  18. 48 CFR 2936.604 - Performance evaluation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Performance evaluation... Performance evaluation. (a) The HCA must establish procedures to evaluate architect-engineer contractor... reports must be made using Standard Form 1421, Performance Evaluation (Architect-Engineer) as...

  19. 48 CFR 236.604 - Performance evaluation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Performance evaluation... Architect-Engineer Services 236.604 Performance evaluation. (a) Preparation of performance reports. Use DD Form 2631, Performance Evaluation (Architect-Engineer), instead of SF 1421. (2) Prepare a...

  20. Context-free pragmatism in Danish campus architecture

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Knudsen, Lars Emmerik Damgaard

    to the philosophies of James Williams, John Dewey, and Richard Rorty. Danish architects such as Bjarke Ingels and Henning Larsen Architects are playing key roles in the Danish wave and are enjoying a status as superheroes by making architecture relevant to the media and politicians again. On the other hand critics...

  1. 78 FR 73502 - Multistakeholder Process To Develop Consumer Data Privacy Code of Conduct Concerning Facial...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-06

    ... meetings will be held in the Boardroom at the American Institute of Architects, 1735 New York Avenue NW... Framework for Protecting Privacy and Promoting Innovation in the Global Digital Economy (the ``Privacy...: The meeting will be held in the Boardroom at the American Institute of Architects, 1735 New...

  2. 77 FR 75409 - Multistakeholder Meetings To Develop Consumer Data Privacy Code of Conduct Concerning Mobile...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-20

    ... meetings will be held in the Boardroom at the American Institute of Architects, 1735 New York Avenue NW... Privacy and Promoting Innovation in the Global Digital Economy (the ``Privacy Blueprint'').\\1\\ The Privacy... the Boardroom at the American Institute of Architects, 1735 New York Avenue NW., Washington, DC...

  3. Two departments to merge to form Office of Campus Planning, Space, and Real Estate

    OpenAIRE

    Owczarski, Mark

    2010-01-01

    With the forthcoming retirements of University Architect Scott Hurst and Elizabeth Reed, director of Real Estate Management, Virginia Tech will merge the offices of Real Estate Management and the University Architect to form the Office of Campus Planning, Space, and Real Estate.

  4. Shape and Topology Optimization Methodologies Used in Architectural Design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Frier, Christian; Kirkegaard, Poul Henning; Christiansen, Karl

    2004-01-01

    Architects and engineers both employ iterative multi-stage design procedures, starting with initial conceptual design and progressing to more detailed final design. The conceptual design for an architect can be very abstract, with content that might be more poetic than geometric. On the other hand...

  5. Sustainability: Sustaining Cities and Community Cultural Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blandy, Doug; Fenn, John

    2012-01-01

    Urgency and ambitiousness have characterized the conversation about the serious and significant environmental challenges occurring internationally. Steffen (2006) demonstrated a remarkable breadth of public and private sector constituent groups contributing to the conversation along with possible responses. Architects, landscape architects,…

  6. IMPROVING KNOWLEDGE CAPTURE DURING CONCEPTUAL DESIGN PHASE OF BUILDING PROJECTS

    OpenAIRE

    POURZOLFAGHAR, ZOHREH

    2010-01-01

    Incomplete knowledge flow between architects and mechanical/electrical engineers engenders large expense and untimely delivery of building projects. It is essential to consider mechanical/electrical requirements from the early stages of design; and many experienced architects acknowledge this knowledge entities and the necessity for considering them at the right time. Therefore, inefficient knowledge flow among professionals during architectural conceptual design is emphasiz...

  7. Design for Learning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, Frank Edgerton

    2003-01-01

    Describes how Richard Macias, a landscape architect and the university planner at San Jose State University, has learned to push the boundaries of how landscape architects coordinate the many disciplines involved in managing a modern campus that must constantly adapt to change. Offers lessons learned over the course of a career spanning the…

  8. Landscape Design Dialogue. Bridging the gap between knowledge and action

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jonge, de J.M.; Valk, van der A.J.J.

    2010-01-01

    Spatial planners and landscape architects do not excel in theory development. The authors, being a practicing landscape architect-planner and a planning scholar, explore new roads to a middle range theory of landscape design and planning. Building on theories-in-use in regional planning practice the

  9. The Lycee Francais in New York: A Showcase for the French-Speaking Community

    Science.gov (United States)

    Michel, Florence

    2004-01-01

    In New York they say that the architecture of the new "Lycee francais" (serving French students from kindergarten through upper secondary education) was inspired by the rationalism of Descartes. What is beyond doubt, however, is that the design and materials chosen by the American firm of architects, "Polshek Partnership Architects," which…

  10. Dualism and Sensory Awareness in Architecture and Design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fisker, Anna Marie; Danielsen, Mads Harder

    2012-01-01

    By using the term less we focus on architectural heritage; can a heritage from a modernist architect show that less does not exclude more? In the search for a hierarchy of relevant sustainable investment in architecture our paper focuses on the architect Arne Jacobsen. We focus on the dualism of ...

  11. Interactive Construction Digital Tools With Real Time Analysis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Klitgaard, Jens; Kirkegaard, Poul Henning

    2007-01-01

    an architect-engineer or hybrid practitioner works simultaneously with both aesthetic and technical design requirements. In this paper the problem of a vague or not existing link between digital design tools, used by architects and designers, and the analysis tools developed by and for engineers is considered......The recent developments in computational design tools have evolved into a sometimes purely digital process which opens up for new perspectives and problems in the sketching process. One of the interesting possibilities lay within the hybrid practitioner- or architect-engineer approach, where....... The aim of this research is to look into integrated digital design and analysis tools in order to find out if it is suited for use by architects and designers or only by specialists and technicians - and if not, then to look at what can be done to make them more available to architects and designers...

  12. Affecting Change in Architectural Education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leonard R. Bachman

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Architecture concerns not so much an explicit body of transmittable knowledge and protocols as it does a set of implicit understandings, sensitivities and sensibilities. The education of an architect therefore concerns the mission of endowing candidates with those implicit traits. This is not to say that architects do not possess and wield prodigious amounts of explicit cognitive knowledge, because they certainly do. But that explicit component of architectural know-how is actually vested in and deployed by the architect not so much because the knowledge has been invented, discovered, or developed by architects; but rather because they have assimilated it from other disciplines in a special way that gives architects adductive and hermeneutic insight into vast, detailed, and complex design challenges. Engineers make better machines, artists make more meaningful artifacts, and psychologists provide better human environments; but architects are trained to see the underlying opportunity and potential celebration of how those constituent menus might become a feast. In any unresolved complex of space, material and form, architects grasp a unique essence in how they perceive the “happily ever after” of what it might be and how that vision might be made whole and concrete. By the time a student of architecture is fully indoctrinated, this grasp of an underlying ideal essence is so potent that it becomes the student’s identity… and the purpose of that insight becomes an irresistible intention.

  13. ESL aastapreemia 2009 žürii koosoleku protokoll = The Estonian Society of Interior Architects annual prize 2009 - minutes of the jury meeting = Протокол собрания жюри о присуждении премии Эстонского �

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2010-01-01

    Eesti Sisearhitektide Liidu aastapreemia 2009 žürii otsustas 1. märtsil 2010. a. välja anda ühiskondliku interjööri (Eesti Maaülikooli spordihoone), büroo interjööri (Baltika bürooruumid), kaupluse interjööri (Apollo raamatupood) ja ajaloolise interjööri (Röa pargipaviljon) preemia

  14. Design for reliability information and computer-based systems

    CERN Document Server

    Bauer, Eric

    2010-01-01

    "System reliability, availability and robustness are often not well understood by system architects, engineers and developers. They often don't understand what drives customer's availability expectations, how to frame verifiable availability/robustness requirements, how to manage and budget availability/robustness, how to methodically architect and design systems that meet robustness requirements, and so on. The book takes a very pragmatic approach of framing reliability and robustness as a functional aspect of a system so that architects, designers, developers and testers can address it as a concrete, functional attribute of a system, rather than an abstract, non-functional notion"--Provided by publisher.

  15. Integrating acoustic analysis in the architectural design process using parametric modelling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Peters, Brady

    2011-01-01

    This paper discusses how parametric modeling techniques can be used to provide architectural designers with a better understanding of the acoustic performance of their designs and provide acoustic engineers with models that can be analyzed using computational acoustic analysis software. Architects...... parametric modeling, acoustic performance can inform the geometry and material logic of the design. In this way, the architectural design and the acoustic analysis model become linked........ This can provide a method by which architects and engineers can work together more efficiently and communicate better. This research is illustrated through the design of an architectural project, a new school in Copenhagen, Denmark by JJW Architects, where parametric modeling techniques have been used...

  16. Translating Space and Mass into Danish

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Munch, Anders V.

    2012-01-01

    Reconsideration of the role of the later controversial Danish art historian Vilhelm Wanscher that was the strongest link between the new formalistic science of art history in Germany around World War One and the Danish architects. He was important in inspiring the young architects as Poul Henning...... Henningsen and engaged in debates in both journals and news papers. Due to collaboration with the Danish Nazi Party he became persona non grata in academia, so it has been hard to follow the inspiration he has given to both architects and art historians....

  17. Deep Space Navigation and Timing Architecture and Simulation Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — The Microcosm team will complete the simulation tool architecture early in Phase II, and in parallel begin to develop the simulation. The tool is architected for...

  18. Application of knowledge-based approaches in software architecture : A systematic mapping study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Li, Zengyang; Liang, Peng; Avgeriou, Paris

    2013-01-01

    Context: Knowledge management technologies have been employed across software engineering activities for more than two decades. Knowledge-based approaches can be used to facilitate software architecting activities (e.g., architectural evaluation). However, there is no comprehensive understanding on

  19. A catalog of architectural primitives for modeling architectural patterns

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zdun, Uwe; Avgeriou, Paris

    2008-01-01

    Architectural patterns are a fundamental aspect of the architecting process and subsequently the architectural documentation. Unfortunately, there is only poor support for modeling architectural patterns for two reasons. First, patterns describe recurring design solutions and hence do not directly m

  20. Multi-Cluster Network on a Chip Reconfigurable Radiation Hardened Radio Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — The objective of the Phase-I research is to architect, model and simulate a multi-cluster Network on a Chip (NoC) reconfigurable Radio in SystemC RTL, with...

  1. Accessible Knowledge - Knowledge on Accessibility

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kirkeby, Inge Mette

    2015-01-01

    Although serious efforts are made internationally and nationally, it is a slow process to make our physical environment accessible. In the actual design process, architects play a major role. But what kinds of knowledge, including research-based knowledge, do practicing architects make use of when...... designing accessible environments? The answer to the question is crucially important since it affects how knowledge is distributed and how accessibility can be ensured. In order to get first-hand knowledge about the design process and the sources from which they gain knowledge, 11 qualitative interviews...... were conducted with architects with experience of designing for accessibility. The analysis draws on two theoretical distinctions. The first is research-based knowledge versus knowledge used by architects. The second is context-independent knowledge versus context-dependent knowledge. The practitioners...

  2. Technical Support Document: Development of the Advanced Energy Design Guide for Grocery Stores--50% Energy Savings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hale, E. T.; Macumber, D. L.; Long, N. L.; Griffith, B. T.; Benne, K. S.; Pless, S. D.; Torcellini, P. A.

    2008-09-01

    This report provides recommendations that architects, designers, contractors, developers, owners, and lessees of grocery store buildings can use to achieve whole-building energy savings of at least 50% over ASHRAE Standard 90.1-2004.

  3. Renzo Piano's NEMO. Example of integration. Decentralization of technical spaces; Renzo's Piano NEMO. Voorbeeld van integratie. Sterke decentralisatie van technische ruimten

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zeiler, W. [Installatietechnologie, Technische Universiteit Eindhoven, Eindhoven (Netherlands)

    2007-11-15

    At the time of the opening of Nemo, which was designed by the architect Renzo Piano, it was immediately the largest 'science center' of the Netherlands with 300,000 visitors annually. It started under the name NewMetropolis and is now called Nemo. Fitting in the installations requires closer collaboration between the architect and the advisor.(mk) [Dutch] Bij opening was het door de architect Renzo Piano ontworpen Nemo direct het grootste 'science-center' van Nederland met jaarlijks ruim 300.000 bezoekers. Het begon onder de naam NewMetropolis en heet nu Nemo. De inpassing van de installaties vroeg om een nauwe samenwerking tussen architect en adviseur.

  4. Värske tuulepuhang

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1997-01-01

    Tutvustatakse firma KE Ajakirjanduse OÜ kaudu tellitavaid ajakirju The Architectural Review (Inglise), de Architect (Hollandi), l'Arca (Itaalia), Detail (Saksa), Bauen (Saksa), Abitare (Itaalia), Case da Abitare (Itaalia), The World of Interiors (Inglise), Interior Design (Ameerika).

  5. College/University Facilities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Athletic Business, 2002

    2002-01-01

    Describes the building designs of 117 state-of-the-art of college athletic and recreational facilities, including the educational contexts and design goals. Includes information on architects and designers, construction cost, size, and occupancy date. Also provides photographs. (EV)

  6. Building perservation practice

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pilegaard, Marie Kirstine

    of architects and planners is primarily to reconcile the conservation prospects with the future use of buildings and sites. They intermediary the site through selections of the narratives, and in practice the restoration or transformation projects becomes a communication of the selected story, utilized...... planning? In this paper I will focus on the communication of the architects working with building preservation and planning, how they communicate the building, the interventions and the storytelling in practice. The methods used by the architects are based on a practice, where some skills are learned...... through education, such as documentation of buildings and the restoration as a way of communicating the architect's intervention on the building, meanwhile the communication of the buildings history is seen as a "natural" skill and the methods are not questioned in the practice. The storytelling has today...

  7. Disappearance of La Caille Plaque

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    A bronze plaque erected to the memory of N.-L. de La Caille near the site of his observatory in Central Cape Town, has been stolen by metal thieves. It was designed by the famous architect Sir Herbert Baker.

  8. Renewed Legacy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sadler, Mary Harding

    2002-01-01

    Describes the building design of Maggie L. Walker Governor's School in Richmond, Virginia, including the educational context, design goals, and architects and construction manager. Also provides the floor plan and photographs. (EV)

  9. Architecture of SAP ERP understand how successful software works

    CERN Document Server

    Boeder, Jochen

    2014-01-01

    This book - compiled by software architects from SAP - is a must for consultants, developers, IT managers, and students working with SAP ERP, but also users who want to know the world behind their SAP user interface.

  10. 7 CFR 1726.403 - Project construction contract closeout.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ..., architect or engineer, contractor, and the respective RUS General Field Representative (GFR), if the GFR has... closeout documents for RUS approval (through the GFR except for generation projects): (A) RUS Form...

  11. Teamwork Takes All.

    Science.gov (United States)

    American School and University, 1983

    1983-01-01

    Participatory management among Gallaudet College's administration, the architect-engineer, and the construction company saved the college almost half a million dollars and still resulted in an award-winning field house. (MLF)

  12. 48 CFR 52.215-14 - Integrity of Unit Prices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ...: acquisitions at or below the simplified acquisition threshold in FAR Part 2; construction or architect-engineer...; commercial items; and petroleum products. (End of clause) Alternate I (OCT 1997). As prescribed in...

  13. Learning Axure RP interactive prototypes

    CERN Document Server

    Krahenbuhl, John Henry

    2015-01-01

    If you are a user experience professional, designer, information architect, or business analyst who wants to gain interactive prototyping skills with Axure, then this book is ideal for you. Some familiarity with Axure is preferred but not essential.

  14. Maagiliste momentide mütoloogia : intervjuu Peter Cook'iga / Peter Cook ; interv. Vilen Künnapu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Cook, Peter

    2002-01-01

    5. Põhja- ja Baltimaade Arhitektuuritriennaalil esinenud inglise arhitekt P. Cook endast, oma loomingust, rühmitusest Archigram, mis pälvis 2002. a. RIBA (Royal Institute of British Architects) kuldmedali, Tallinnast jm. Kommenteerinud Triin Ojari

  15. Instructions and Manuals

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2007-01-01

    -Pavilion for Nestlé (Rojkind Arquitectos) -Casa Figini (Luigi Figini) -AnAn – Noodle bar (Hosoya Schaefer Architects) -Diane von Fürstenberg Headquarters (WORKac) -Bel Air – Air purifier (Mathieu Lehanneur) -Solar Tree (Ross Lovegrove)...

  16. SajOS的萨米文化中心

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王冰(译); 周荃(审)

    2012-01-01

    建筑师: HALO Architects Ltd (www.halo-arkkitehdit.fi)合伙人:Janne Laukka, Architect M.Sc. SAFA ;Tuomas Niemela甲方:Senate Properties 首席设计师:Architects m3 Ltd, Janne Pihlajaniemi, Architect M.Sc. SAFA .结构工程师:Ramboll Finland Ltd, Timo Turunen, Ismo Kovalainen 建造顾问:ISS Proko Ltd, Lauri Nurmela 开放时间:20121摄影师:Decopic Ltd, Mika Huisman芬兰Sajos的萨米文化中心位于芬兰北部拉普兰的伊纳里村,Juutua河从北面缓缓流过。Sajos是萨米人的文化与行政中心,他们是欧盟唯一的土著居民。

  17. Beyond Alignment

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Beyond Alignment: Applying Systems Thinking to Architecting Enterprises is a comprehensive reader about how enterprises can apply systems thinking in their enterprise architecture practice, for business transformation and for strategic execution. The book's contributors find that systems thinking...

  18. Geniaalne aines, hämmastav film / Tarmo Teder

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Teder, Tarmo, 1958-

    2006-01-01

    Oktoobri algul Kuressaares peetud Saaremaalt pärit ameerika arhitekti Louis Kahni konverentsi raames Kuressaare Linnateatris näidatud dokumentaalfilmist "Minu arhitekt" ("My Architect") : režissöör Nathaniel Kahn : Ameerika Ühendriigid 2003

  19. Arhitektuuriuudised / Urmas Oja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Oja, Urmas, 1981-2012

    2009-01-01

    Silotorni otsas asuvast eramust USAs Alabama osariigis Hale'i maakonnas, Artechic Architects'i Ovaalsest majast Jaapanis, Boeri Studio korterelamust Itaalias Seregnos ja arhitekt Antonio Jiménez Torrecillas'i sotsiaalmajast Andaluusias

  20. Scaling big data with Hadoop and Solr

    CERN Document Server

    Karambelkar, Hrishikesh Vijay

    2015-01-01

    This book is aimed at developers, designers, and architects who would like to build big data enterprise search solutions for their customers or organizations. No prior knowledge of Apache Hadoop and Apache Solr/Lucene technologies is required.

  1. Souli millenniumivärav / Maria-Kristiina Soomre

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Soomre, Maria-Kristiina, 1978-

    2001-01-01

    Millenniumi tähistamiseks Souli plaanitavast hiigelehitisest "Souli ring", mis peaks valmima 2003. a. Arhitektuurse lahenduse autorid Lee Eun-seok ja Woo Dae-seung firmast Op'us Architects & Co. Eri ringkondade arvamusi projekti kohta.

  2. Kümne kriitiku portreed / Andres Kurg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kurg, Andres, 1975-

    2001-01-01

    Raamatust: 10 x 10 : 10 critics, 100 architects / autorid: Haig Beck, Jackie Cooper, Aaron Betsky, Roger Connah, Kristin Feireiss, Jorge Glusberg, Tom Heneghan, Mohsen Mostafavi, Terence Riley, Jaime Salazar, Neil Spiller. London : Phaidon, 2001

  3. The Oxbow School, California.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pearson, Clifford A.

    2003-01-01

    Describes the design of the Oxbow School, an art- and design-oriented high school in Napa, California, including the educational context and design goals. Includes information on the architects, as well as floor plans and photographs. (EV)

  4. Security Shift in Future Network Architectures

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hartog, T.; Schotanus, H.A.; Verkoelen, C.A.A.

    2010-01-01

    In current practice military communication infrastructures are deployed as stand-alone networked information systems. Network-Enabled Capabilities (NEC) and combined military operations lead to new requirements which current communication architectures cannot deliver. This paper informs IT architect

  5. Great Indoors Awards 2007

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Hollandis Maastrichtis jagati 17. XI esimest korda rahvusvahelist auhinda The Great Indoors Award. Aasta sisekujundusfirmaks valiti Masamichi Katayama asutatud Wonderwall. Auhinna said veel Zaha Hadid, Heatherwick Studio, Ryui Nakamura Architects ja Item Idem

  6. 29 CFR 541.3 - Scope of the section 13(a)(1) exemptions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ..., paramedics, emergency medical technicians, ambulance personnel, rescue workers, hazardous materials workers... fighters, paramedics, emergency medical technicians and similar employees have college degrees, a... professional employees such as medical doctors, architects and archeologists. Thus, for example,...

  7. EU green paper on the modernisation of EU public procurement policy:towards a more efficient European procurement market: response paper

    OpenAIRE

    Menteth, Walter

    2011-01-01

    This response to the EU Green Paper Consultation from Walter Menteth Architects, the RIBA Small Practice Public Sector Procurement Working Group and the RIBA, has been prepared by Walter Menteth on behalf of the group.

  8. Architecture of Brazil 1900-1990

    CERN Document Server

    Segawa, Hugo

    2013-01-01

    Architecture of Brazil: 1900-1990 examines the processes that underpin modern Brazilian architecture under various influences and characterizes different understandings of modernity, evident in the chapter topics of this book. Accordingly, the author does not give overall preference to particular architects nor works, with the exception of a few specific works and architects, including Warchavchik, Niemeyer, Lucio Costa, and Vilanova Artigas. In summary, this book: Meticulously examines the controversies, achievements, and failures in constructing spaces, buildings, and cities in a dynamic country Gives a broad view of Brazilian architecture in the twentieth century Proposes a reinterpretation of the varied approaches of the modern movement up to the Second World War Analyzes ideological impacts of important Brazilian architects including Oscar Niemeyer, Lucio Costa and Vilanova Artigas Discusses work of expatriate architects in Brazil Features over 140 illustrations In Architecture of Brazil: 1900-1990, S...

  9. The GRIFFIN Collaborative Virtual Community for Architectural Knowledge Management

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lago, Patricia; Farenhorst, Rik; Avgeriou, Paris; Boer, Remco C. de; Clerc, Viktor; Jansen, Anton; Vliet, Hans van

    2010-01-01

    Modern software architecting increasingly often takes place in geographically distributed contexts involving teams of professionals and customers with different backgrounds and roles. So far, attention and effort have been mainly dedicated to individuals sharing already formalized knowledge and less

  10. Tükk demokraatlikku arhitektuuri / Karin Paulus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paulus, Karin, 1975-

    2008-01-01

    Taani firma Schmidt Hammer Lassen Architects koostab Tallinnasse Paljassaare poolsaarele kavandatava ECOBAY-linnaku planeeringut. Projekti kontseptsiooni kirjeldus. Taani projekteerimisfirma iseloomustus. Asutajad Morten Schmidt, Bjarne Hammer, John Lassen. Morten Holmi kommentaar

  11. Eesti Sisearhitektide Liit / Juta Lember

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lember, Juta, 1943-

    2008-01-01

    ESL-i peasekretäri Juta Lemberiga Eesti Sisearhitektide Liidu asutamisest 1990. a., liikmetest, tegevusest. ESL on 1995. aastast rahvusvahelise liidu IFI (International Federation of Interior Architects) liige. ESL-i juhatuse esimees on Priit Põldme

  12. The architectural image: space, movement and myth

    OpenAIRE

    Al-Saati, Maha Zeini

    2013-01-01

    This thesis is a descriptive analysis of the architectural image. In it, I aim to uncover some foundational principles that architects rely upon when creating architectural images. I argue why the methods architects use to communicate architectural space in images may sometimes be lacking. Architectural animations were shown to interviewed image-makers, who identified three points of criticism: (1) the restless, roaming camera; (2) the marketing myths these images portray; and (3) the lifeles...

  13. WS-BPEL 2.0 beginner's guide

    CERN Document Server

    Juric, Matjaz B

    2014-01-01

    If you are a software architect, a designer, a software developer, an SOA and BPM architect, a project manager, or a business process analyst who is responsible for the design and development of business processes, composite applications, and BPM/SOA solutions, then this book is for you. You should have a clear grasp of general SOA concepts including business processes and web services, but no prior knowledge of the BPEL language is required.

  14. Dancing-drawing fields of presence in SeaUnSea

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ramsgaard Thomsen, Mette

    2008-01-01

    Dance and architecture have much in common as both are concerned with practices of space. For a dancer, the act of choreography occurs through the unfolding of spaces by means of gesture and embodied movement, whereas for an architect, space is the medium through which form emerges and habitation...... as part of Dance Umbrella in London, October 2006. SeaUnSea is a collaboration between the authors, choreographer Carol Brown and architect Mette Ramsgard Thomsen, working with programmer Chiron Mottram....

  15. On the Importance of Conceptual Thinking Outside the Simulation Box

    CERN Document Server

    Loeb, Abraham

    2013-01-01

    Any ambitious construction project requires architects for its design and engineers who apply the design to the real world. As scientific research shifts towards large groups which focus on the engineering aspects of linking data to existing models, architectural skills are becoming rare among young theorists. Senior researchers should mentor qualified students and postdocs to think creatively about the big picture without unwarranted loyalty to ancient blueprints from past generations of architects.

  16. A Multi-Agent Mah Jong Playing System: Towards Real-Time Recognition of Graphic Units in Graphic Representations

    OpenAIRE

    H. Achten; Jessurun, J

    2003-01-01

    In architectural design, sketching is an important means to explore the first conceptual developments in the design process. It is necessary to understand the conventions of depiction and encoding in sketches and drawings if we want to support the architect in the sketching activity. The theory of graphic units provides a comprehensive list of conventions of depiction and encoding that are widely used among architects. These graphic units form useful building blocks to understand design drawi...

  17. The Architecture of Information at Plateau Beaubourg

    OpenAIRE

    Branda, Ewan

    2012-01-01

    During the course of the 1960s, computers and information networks made their appearance in the public imagination. To architects on the cusp of architecture's postmodern turn, information technology offered new forms, metaphors, and techniques by which modern architecture's technological and utopian basis could be reasserted. Yet by the end of the 1970s, when computers and networks fully appeared in the workplace, schools, and even homes, architects had all but abandoned information technolo...

  18. Architecture, science and colour in Britain 1945-1976.

    OpenAIRE

    Neumann, E. M.

    1999-01-01

    The development of a scientific theory of colour and of standardized colour ranges by a small group of modernist architects is a fascinating but Little-known episode of post-war British architectural history. In many articles, official publications, and conferences, and from within key organizations of the building industry, these architects promoted a theory of colour selection and application based on seemingly 'functional' and 'rational' criteria such as the 'aesthetic of...

  19. L'identification et la recherche de routines comme contribution à la veille créative

    OpenAIRE

    Stéphane Goria

    2012-01-01

    Innovation has become very important for companies, notably for their competitiveness. In this context, we focus on creative competitive intelligence and its potential contributions. Then, we consider that the goals of a creative competitive intelligence are to identify innovation opportunity signals for organizations and relevant information for creative workers (designers, stylists, architects, landscape architects, artists, craftsmen, R&D engineers ...). With this in mine, we propose to lo...

  20. Archaeologist Of Meanings

    OpenAIRE

    Bourgeois, Carl; De Smet, Annelies

    2014-01-01

    ABSTRACT for the CREATIVE ADJACENCIES conference Archaeologist of Meanings Architecture exists, it does not always need a design. Sometimes you need to build to see Architecture, sometimes you need to destroy it. In a best case (and certainly from an ecological point of view) you need to do nothing. The architect is no artist. The art of Architecture emerges from a conjunction of special actions undertaken by people and elements. The architect only tells a part of the story....

  1. Integrating Real-Time Room Acoustics Simulation into a CAD Modeling Software to Enhance the Architectural Design Process

    OpenAIRE

    Sönke Pelzer; Lukas Aspöck; Dirk Schröder; Michael Vorländer

    2014-01-01

    For architects, real-time 3D visual rendering of CAD-models is a valuable tool. The architect usually perceives the visual appearance of the building interior in a natural and realistic way during the design process. Unfortunately this only emphasizes the role of the visual appearance of a building, while the acoustics often remain disregarded. Controlling the room acoustics is not integrated into most architects’ workflows—due to a lack of tools. The present contribution describes a newly de...

  2. To submit is to relate: A study of architectural competitions within networks of practice

    OpenAIRE

    Gottschling, Paul Thomas

    2016-01-01

    This is a study of architectural competitions as they engage with the design practices of architects within the UK and Europe. Since only one firm or one design emerges at the end, and the project programme exists prior to the submissions, there tends to be a gap between programme and practice, past and future, language and situation. It is the aim of this research to investigate what changes in our understanding of architectural practice when we acknowledge that architects work to linear pro...

  3. Behind the scenes at Effekt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brorman Jensen, Boris

    2006-01-01

    Effect´s breakthrough was dramatic, and was one of the factors that led to changes in the debate concerning planning. Today young architects work on many varied assignments that include everything from showcase design to architecture in Central America......Effect´s breakthrough was dramatic, and was one of the factors that led to changes in the debate concerning planning. Today young architects work on many varied assignments that include everything from showcase design to architecture in Central America...

  4. Espacio y empatía en "I Tatti" : el utillaje conceptual de la crítica de la arquitectura después de la Segunda Guerra Mundial

    OpenAIRE

    Martínez Martínez, Raúl

    2014-01-01

    This thesis belongs to the field of the history of architectural theory and criticism. lt focuses on an innovative architectural analysis and design method which was first introduced in the Anglo-American tradition by the masterpiece of the English architect, poet, essayist and critic Geoffrey Scott (1884-1929), The Architecture of Humanism : A Study in the History· of Taste (1914), a reference work for many architects, historians and critics of modern architecture in the period following Wor...

  5. A prototype sketch-based architecture modeling system with traditional design habits

    OpenAIRE

    Yu, Jun

    2008-01-01

    Widely used for architectural design, CAD systems such as AutoCAD, 3ds MAX, provide powerful modeling functionality. However, they are often too complex for an architect to use, especially during the conceptualization stage involving primarily sketching of design ideas. Also, interactions with conventional CAD systems are typically driven by mouse and keyboard, but these devices cannot be used as freely as a pencil. For an architect, a tabletPC with stylus provides an ideal interface for desi...

  6. ‘The 19th-century construction of the Renaissance’: Katherine Wheeler, Victorian Perceptions of Renaissance Architecture, Farnham England and Burlington, Vermont: Ashgate, 2014

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Medina Lasansky

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Katherine Wheeler’s Victorian Perceptions of Renaissance Architecture provides a study of the architecture profession and the history of Renaissance architecture in nineteenth century England. Establishing a canon of Renaissance architectural history was key to the rise of architectural professionalism as well as the education of the architect. As we discover, the study of the Renaissance influenced design in England on all scales while also influencing the design of the architect himself.

  7. Prefab Apartment Blocks in Singapore

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjærbye, Per Oluf H

    1997-01-01

    Skaarup & Jespersen, Architects and Planners, has designed and built 625 housing units for Housing Development Board in Singapore after an international competition.Experiences from the Danish precast systems have been used.......Skaarup & Jespersen, Architects and Planners, has designed and built 625 housing units for Housing Development Board in Singapore after an international competition.Experiences from the Danish precast systems have been used....

  8. Integrated Digital Design Tool for Form Finding

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kirkegaard, Poul Henning

    2009-01-01

    Building design on one hand requires significant thought about structural, functional and cost-demands, while on the other hand it sometimes also has to fulfil the aesthetic demands from the architect or designer.......Building design on one hand requires significant thought about structural, functional and cost-demands, while on the other hand it sometimes also has to fulfil the aesthetic demands from the architect or designer....

  9. Measuring-up in timber: A critical perspective on mid- and high-rise timber building design

    OpenAIRE

    Fleming, Patrick; Smith, Simon; Ramage, Michael

    2014-01-01

    Architects, engineers, and researchers alike often cite practical reasons for building with wood. Since the development of curved glulam beams and columns over a century ago, the widespread use of massive structural timber elements has allowed architects and engineers to design and build in wood with unprecedented speed and scale. Moreover, rising concerns of climate change and the carbon dioxide emissions associated with construction encourage the use of wood as a viable alternative to steel...

  10. SOA Modeling Patterns for Service Oriented Discovery and Analysis

    CERN Document Server

    Bell, Michael

    2010-01-01

    Learn the essential tools for developing a sound service-oriented architecture. SOA Modeling Patterns for Service-Oriented Discovery and Analysis introduces a universal, easy-to-use, and nimble SOA modeling language to facilitate the service identification and examination life cycle stage. This business and technological vocabulary will benefit your service development endeavors and foster organizational software asset reuse and consolidation, and reduction of expenditure. Whether you are a developer, business architect, technical architect, modeler, business analyst, team leader, or manager,

  11. Un informe de Pedro de Ribera para Nueva España: el abastecimiento de agua a Guadalajara

    OpenAIRE

    Recio Mir, Álvaro

    2014-01-01

    The project proposed by the Franciscan architect Pedro Antonio de Buzeta to supply water to the New Spanish city of Guadalajara was sent to Madrid for review and supervision by the Council of the Indies. The Madrid architect Pedro de Ribera dealt with its technical aspects, and in 1735 he wrote an interesting critique of the plan. Among other questions, he defended the use of underground aqueducts, demonstrated his erudition and considered diverse improvements to Buzeta’s project.El proyecto ...

  12. Individual atmospheres - A pedagogic experience of design and communication

    OpenAIRE

    Guimaraens, Guillermo; Tuset, Juan José; Navalón, Virginia

    2012-01-01

    International audience The sensations and the meanings rendered from the experience of an architectural atmosphere depend directly on the inhabitant. The architect, helped on multiple disciplines, lay out a wide palette of resources to characterize an abstract space and turn it into a singular one. Normally, the architect works with all the sensory possibilities that can interact between the architecture and the inhabitant. In consequence, the architectural atmosphere turns into something ...

  13. Performance characteristics of microparticle enzyme and chemiluminescence immunoassays for measurement of anti-HBc immunoglobulin M in sera of patients with HBeAg-negative chronic hepatitis B virus infection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hadziyannis, Emilia; Manesis, Emanuel; Vassilopoulos, Dimitrios; Georgiou, Anastasia; Archimandritis, Athanasios

    2008-02-01

    The IMx, AxSym, and Architect immunoglobulin M anti-HBc assay systems for detecting hepatitis B virus e antigen-negative chronic hepatitis B virus infection were compared. Despite good intra- and interassay coefficients of variation, significantly different values and low correlation (overestimation by AxSym and underestimation by Architect) were observed. Association and cutoff values for distinguishing patients with viral replication should be established for all methods. PMID:18077614

  14. Performance Characteristics of Microparticle Enzyme and Chemiluminescence Immunoassays for Measurement of Anti-HBc Immunoglobulin M in Sera of Patients with HBeAg-Negative Chronic Hepatitis B Virus Infection▿

    OpenAIRE

    Hadziyannis, Emilia; Manesis, Emanuel; Vassilopoulos, Dimitrios; Georgiou, Anastasia; Archimandritis, Athanasios

    2007-01-01

    The IMx, AxSym, and Architect immunoglobulin M anti-HBc assay systems for detecting hepatitis B virus e antigen-negative chronic hepatitis B virus infection were compared. Despite good intra- and interassay coefficients of variation, significantly different values and low correlation (overestimation by AxSym and underestimation by Architect) were observed. Association and cutoff values for distinguishing patients with viral replication should be established for all methods.

  15. From ecological houses to sustainable cities:Architectural minds

    OpenAIRE

    Lauring, Michael

    2010-01-01

      Decades of Danish architects are educated in the Beaux-arts tradition putting art and aesthetics above techniques and hard knowledge. This has influenced the development of environmental and sustainable architecture, of which the article gives a brief survey covering the period from the first oil crisis in 1973 to present day also seen in relation to resource, political and cultural preconditions. The article shows, how sustainability forces architects to reintegrate techniques and urban as...

  16. Landscape Architecture and Sustainable Development

    OpenAIRE

    Walker, Jason Brian

    2001-01-01

    The purpose of this thesis is to examine the role of sustainable development in Landscape Architecture. From reviewing the literature, a position is developed. The position is that Sustainable Development is an important issue for landscape architects and that there are reasons landscape architects have had limited success in sustainable development. The method of the thesis is derived from assessing a problem of sustainable development and landscape architecture and developing a solution t...

  17. Landscape aesthetics for sustainable architecture

    OpenAIRE

    Jauslin, D.

    2012-01-01

    No, No and No. Three times No is the answer to the question: is there currently such a thing as aesthetics in sustainable architecture? This answer is drawn from the discussions of three architects who are acclaimed practitioners and thinkers in the field. If we assume that aesthetics is something that all architects pursue in one form or another, it would appear that, currently, sustainability is not an integral part of it.

  18. Design Methods for Young Sustainable Architecture Practice

    OpenAIRE

    Jauslin, D.; Drexler, H; Curiel, F.

    2012-01-01

    This paper introduces landscape aesthetics as an innovative design method for sustainable architecture. It is based on the framework of a recent paper where the young and unfamous authors criticized three of the most prominent
 architects today in regard to sustainable architecture and its aesthetics. Leading architects expressed their skepticism as to whether there is such a thing as aesthetics in sustainable architecture, or for that matter, if architecture can indeed be sustainable at all....

  19. Characterization of Sera with Discordant Results from Reverse Sequence Screening for Syphilis

    OpenAIRE

    Kyunghoon Lee; Hyewon Park; Eun Youn Roh; Sue Shin; Kyoung Un Park; Myoung Hee Park; Eun Young Song

    2013-01-01

    Reverse sequence screening for syphilis (RSSS) (screening with treponemal tests, followed by confirmation with nontreponemal tests) has been increasingly adopted. CDC recommends confirmation of discordant results (reactive EIA/CIA and nonreactive nontreponemal test) with Treponema pallidum particle agglutination assay (TP-PA). We characterized sera with discordant results from RSSS with Architect Syphilis TP CIA. Among 15,713 screening tests using Architect Syphilis TP at Seoul National Unive...

  20. Designing learning spaces for children on the autism spectrum

    OpenAIRE

    Scott, Iain

    2009-01-01

    Iain Scott is an architect and in this paper he sets out the key criteria which need to be borne in mind when designing learning environments for children on the autism spectrum. He illustrates these points by looking in detail at four newly created units and schools. It is a very rich paper and will be a great asset to architects, designers, teaching staff and pupils involved in creating effective spaces where children feel comfortable and within which they enhance their learning potential.

  1. REAL ESTATE INFORMATION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Building the Future Architects unite to preserve cultural aspects of Chinese skyline As the urbanization process sweeps across China, bringing with it an endless stream of construction projects, the property market is today a sea of opportunity for both developers and designers. The building industry in China has huge potential and, through constant interaction, is bringing local architects and their Western counterparts into an orbit of mutual creativity, resulting in some of the most impressive designs...

  2. The Current Scenario of Curvilinear Architecture in Malaysia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Faridah Aduan

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available The Bilbao Effect incorporates itself into numerous iconic buildings and grand design s of international architects such as Frank Gehry, Santiago Calatrava, Norman Foster, Renzo Piano, Phillip Cox and Toyo Ito who exploit curvilinear forms as their architectural language .Throughout the world, major events such as the Olympic Games have catalysed the implementation of curvilinear architecture while in Malaysia, the development of Putrajaya has provided opportunity for iconic forms, expressed in curvilinearity. The paper focuses on the current scenario of curvilinear architecture in Malaysia and its posit ion in the international arena. It strives to answer the question of 'How far have Malaysian architects gone in implementing curvilinear architecture?' This is done by first formulating a 'Taxonomy of Rigid Curvilinear Architectural Forms' based on the works of renowned international architects. The taxonomy constitutes the instrument for gauging the position of Malaysian architects. This is achieved by having the works of local architects mapped on to the taxonomy. The research findings indicate that the international architects have advanced by leaps and bounds ahead of their Malaysian counterparts in implementing curvilinear architecture. Several recommendations are proposed in order to narrow this gap .The paper focuses on column-free, rigid and permanent buildings completed from 1990 onwards .

  3. "Курорт закончился". Глобальный экономический кризис и архитекторы Балтии. Круглый стол = "The holiday is over". The global financial crisis and Baltic architects. Round table

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Globaalse majanduslanguse mõjust arhitektuuribüroode tööle. Büroode tegevusstrateegiast kriisi ajal. Vestlusringis osalesid eestlastest Inga Raukas (Arhitektuuriagentuur) ja Mattias Agabus (Agabus, Endjärv & Truverk Arhitektid)

  4. Daylighting practices of the architectural industry (baseline results of a national survey)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hattrup, M.P.

    1990-05-01

    A national survey of over 300 commercial design architects was conducted to develop baseline information on their knowledge, perceptions, and use of daylighting in commercial building designs. Pacific Northwest Laboratory conducted the survey for the US Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Building and Community Systems (BCS). In the survey daylighting was defined as the intentional use of natural light as a partial substitute for artificially generated light. The results suggested that architects need to be educated about the true benefits of daylighting and the impacts it can have on a building's energy performance. Educational programs that will increase the architects' understanding and awareness of modern daylighting technologies and practices should be developed by utilities, stage agencies, and the federal government. If more architects can be made aware of the true effectiveness and positive attributes of daylighting systems and technologies, daylighting may be used in more commercial buildings. The results of the survey show that the more familiar architects feel they are with daylighting, the more they use daylighting. 3 refs., 19 tabs.

  5. Bioclimatic lessons from James C. Rose's architecture

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vissilia, A.M. [Department of Structural Engineering, National Technical University of Athens, Kodrou 13, 105 58 Athens (Greece)

    2009-08-15

    This paper attempts to interpret three residences designed by landscape architect James Rose, focusing on their bioclimatic concepts (layout of the buildings: orientation in relation to sun and wind, geometry of the building form; spacing: site planning-landscape; air movement; openings: size, position and orientation, protection; and building envelope: choice of building materials and construction detailing). James Rose (1913-1991) was one of the three pioneer landscape architects who established modern landscape design in the United States. He had the opportunity to design three residences and their landscapes which constitute the clearest expression of his views about environmental design. Residences conceived in Rose's design philosophy result to the creation of an ''environment'' instead of the ordinary approach of architecture plus landscape, exhibiting his contribution to the development of a less aggressive architecture, more attentive and integrated to the environment. This is a rare approach where the design is product of one single mind that of the landscape architect. Several bioclimatic concepts are apparent in the landscape architect's works, showing a deep concern with the integration between construction and environment. The three cases explored are: the landscape architect's environment (1952, 1970), the Zheutlin environment (1956), and the Slutzker environment (1964). (author)

  6. Designed communities?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stender, Marie

    2013-01-01

    of these designed communities: What social life is promoted in such recent architectural visions? And to what extent can the social life and identity of a place actually be designed? The paper discusses these questions based on a fieldwork in three new housing complexes in the Copenhagen Region: The A-house...... by architect Carsten Holgaard, the 8-house by BIG, and Lange Eng (The Long Meadow) by Dorte Mandrup. Rather than taking the perspective of either architect or user, the fieldwork has ethnographically traced the entire process from design to occupancy. The aim is to explore how the social life and identity...... of a place is initially formed through the hands of architects, developers and estate agents, and further shaped and realized by residents, when taken into use. I suggest that by way of branding and iconic architecture these thoroughly designed environments reinforce the notion of residential space...

  7. Architectural Competition and BIM

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Nils Lykke; Frandsen, Anne Kathrine; Øien, Turid Borgestrand

    2015-01-01

    put under pressure. Thus, the two central actors involved inarchitectural competitions, architects and building clients, are continually influenced by such developments, interpreting and adaptingto changes according to their interests and horizons. During a project reviewing Nordic research literature...... on architecturalcompetitions, a series of interviews was conducted with building clients as well as architects, focusing on the impact of the above-mentioned changes within the building sector on architectural competitions as an institution. In the interviews, ICT and notleast BIM was a recurring theme that both parties saw...... as having a positive impact on competitions. But when looking closely into the answers, these revealed diverse understandings of how and why the impact of BIM on competitions could be said to be positive. The paper sheds light on the interaction between the actors (building clients, architects and client...

  8. From famous foundry to 'supersurgery'.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mann, Steve

    2014-02-01

    Dr Steve Mann, a partner at the Worcester Street Medical Practice in Stourbridge, describes how he and a number of his GP colleagues have worked with architects, Abacus Architects, and main contractor, Amphion Construction, as well as with a number of local NHS and local authority bodies, to co-ordinate construction of a new GP 'supersurgery' - the realisation of a dream - on the former site of what is believed to be one of England's oldest foundries in the West Midlands town. The architects' view on the scheme, one of the key goals of which is to retain both much of the character, and the unusual original metal sub-structure, of the former foundry, is also given.

  9. Roads Belong In the Urban Landscape

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Clemmensen, Thomas Juel

    2012-01-01

    In spite of being an essential part of the system of automobility and as such playing an important role in the development of urban landscapes, road networks seldom attracts much attention among architects involved in the planning and design of urban landscapes. One reason is probably found...... in the dominance of the zoning approach to planning, where road planning easily becomes isolated and reduced to a matter of traffic regulation and transport economy. Another possible reason could be, as suggested by the Australian landscape architect Christopher Sawyer, that road networks like other...... as landscape architects engage with road networks in profound ways, which moves beyond the purely visual and pictorial? Is it possible to conceptually (re)locate road networks in the landscape? The paper will address these questions by discussing different understandings of landscape and its relation...

  10. Pablo Serrano: el anhelo de un arte unitario

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ara Fernández, Ana

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available In this article we analyse the works by the sculptor Pablo Serrano made in collaboration with two architects, José Luis Fernández del Amo and Miguel Fisac, and an architect/landscape gardener, Leandro Silva. Attention is focused on two main typologies: the religious works that decorated several of the churches built by these architects and the monumental sculptures situated in new public squares.

    Analizamos en este artículo los trabajos que fueron realizados por el escultor Pablo Serrano en colaboración con dos arquitectos, José Luis Fernández del Amo y Miguel Fisac, y un arquitecto – paisajista, Leandro Silva. Centraremos nuestra atención en dos tipologías principales: las obras religiosas que decoran algunas de las iglesias realizadas por estos arquitectos y las esculturas monumentales instaladas en plazas de nueva planta.

  11. Aspects of consolidation of engineering capability related to nuclear power plants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A major interest of countries launching nuclear program is to consolidate an engineering capability for Nuclear Power Plants design by performing part of the engineering services locally. A decade of nuclear power plant engineering and construction has exposed Brazilian architect-engineers to this new challenge. To cope with it, technology sources were identified, agreements were made and transfer is going on between foreign and local companies. Services performed by Brazilian architect-engineers are summarized. Foreign technology must be judiciously examined before implementation in a different environment. The receiver has to be prepared to develop his own capabilities and absorb the know-how being offered, taking into consideration the local engineering experience and construction practices. Some of the problems faced are outlined herein. The performed efforts brought Brazilian architect-engineers to a consolidated level of experience. (Author)

  12. Liver Rapid Reference Set Application: Hemken - Abbott (2015) — EDRN Public Portal

    Science.gov (United States)

    The aim for this testing is to find a small panel of biomarkers (n=2-5) that can be tested on the Abbott ARCHITECT automated immunoassay platform for the early detection of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). This panel of biomarkers should perform significantly better than alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) alone based on multivariate statistical analysis. This testing of the EDRN reference set will help expedite the selection of a small panel of ARCHITECT biomarkers for the early detection of HCC. The panel of ARCHITECT biomarkers Abbott plans to test include: AFP, protein induced by vitamin K absence or antagonist-II (PIVKA-II), golgi protein 73 (GP73), hepatocellular growth factor (HGF), dipeptidyl peptidase 4 (DPP4) and DPP4/seprase (surface expressed protease) heterodimer hybrid. PIVKA-II is abnormal des-carboxylated prothrombin (DCP) present in vitamin K deficiency.

  13. Rebels with a Cause

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jones, Candace; Maoret, Massimo; Massa, Felipe G.;

    2012-01-01

    novo category “modern architecture” between 1870 and 1975. Our study shows that the process of new category formation was driven by groups of architects with distinct clientele associated with institutional logics of commerce, state, religion, and family. These architects enacted different artifact...... codes for a building based on institutional logics associated with their specific mix of clients. “Modern architects” fought over what logics and artifact codes should guide “modern architecture.” Modern functional architects espoused a logic of commerce enacted through a restricted artifact code of new...... of both logics and materials in buildings, expanding the category boundary. Plural logics and category expansion resulted in multiple conflicting exemplars within “modern architecture” and enabled its adaptation to changing social forces and architectural interpretations for over 70 years....

  14. Creating Nursing's New Academic Spaces: Making Dreams Come True.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bavier, Anne R; Bavier, Robert N

    2016-01-01

    After a description of the approval process for new construction, this article examines the design-bid-build delivery method because it is the most traditional, by defining and exploring each of the major construction phases: programming, cost estimates, preliminary design, schematic design, design development, construction drawings, bidding/negotiation, construction and, finally, move-in, and occupancy. Viewpoints of key players are examined to understand how the nursing dean in partnership with the architect shepherd nursing's dream into reality. Using a recent building project as an exemplar, Dr. Bavier shares her work as dean, and Mr. Bavier, as an architect specializing in education facilities, shares his planning and design experiences on several academic facilities. The outcome is information and guidance for deans to use their collaboration with the architect and other team members to assure a custom-tailored nursing education facility. PMID:27216129

  15. A blueprint for smaller local acute hospitals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baillie, Jonathan

    2011-02-01

    Giving his presentation as one of three speakers in a Architects for Health (AfH)-led session addressing the broader topic of "How to achieve excellence in an age of austerity" at last October's Healthcare Estates conference, Mungo Smith, a founding director and design lead at leading UK healthcare architects MAAP, discussed a booklet he recently co-authored with Andy Black, chair of international healthcare strategic consultancy Durrow, and Johannes Eggen, a partner at NSW Architects and Planners in Oslo. In it the authors argue that there is no reason why "gold standard" acute hospital care cannot be cost-effectively delivered from small, well-equipped local hospitals in the future, but that achieving this will require "a number of (current) NHS conventions to be defied".

  16. Virtual Reality As a New Tool in the City Planning Process

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Kaj Sunesson; Carl Martin AIIwood; Dan Paulin; Ilona Heldal; Mattias Roupe; Mikael Johansson; B(o)rje Westerdahl

    2008-01-01

    The introduction of virtual reality (VR)-models in the city planning process will cause changes in the traditional roles of the involved parties. In order to better understand some of these changes, the events involving the use of VR-models in an architectural competition concerning rebuilding-proposals for the city library in a Swedish city were analyzed. The study shows that VR was introduced into the competition as an extra add-on and that the VR-prasentation was experienced as useful by the jury. The transformation of the architects' contributions into VR was experienced as problematic by the architects, partly because they lost full control over the presentation. In the future architects are likely to have to produce the VR-models for their proposals themselves. This may make it more difficult for smaller architectural firms to enter the market but their proposals will be more accessible to a wider group of stakeholders.

  17. A source of energy : sustainable architecture and urbanism

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Roestvik, Harald N.

    2011-07-01

    An update on the environmental challenges. Meant to inspire and be a source of energy.Tearing down myths and floodlighting paradoxes. Particularly relevant for students of architecture, architects and concerned citizens. Training tasks, recommendations for further source books and web sites, are included. From the content: Climate change and consensus, Population growth, Food production, The sustainable city, Transportation myths and facts, A mini history of environmental architecture, Architects' approach to sustainable design, The failure of western architects; a case study; China, The passive, zeb and plus energy building, Natural ventilation, Sustainable materials, Plastics in building, Nuclear energy, Solar energy, The grid of the future, Indoor climate and health. The sick building syndrome, Radon, Universal design, Paradoxes, Bullying techniques, Trust yourself, Timing, Which gateway will you choose?, On transience. (au)

  18. Meta-algorithmics patterns for robust, low cost, high quality systems

    CERN Document Server

    Simske, Steven J

    2013-01-01

    The confluence of cloud computing, parallelism and advanced machine intelligence approaches has created a world in which the optimum knowledge system will usually be architected from the combination of two or more knowledge-generating systems. There is a need, then, to provide a reusable, broadly-applicable set of design patterns to empower the intelligent system architect to take advantage of this opportunity. This book explains how to design and build intelligent systems that are optimized for changing system requirements (adaptability), optimized for changing system input (robustness), an

  19. La arquitectura moderna como experimento: la Weissenhofsiedlung y la relación entre la técnica y la forma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduard Stick López Padilla

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available The architectural project known as the Weissenhofsiedlung Estate, in which seventeen architects took part, has given us what is now recognised as the Modern Movement in Architecture: one of the most emblematic of the twentieth century. Through a description of the construction techniques employed, this paper explains how the experiment was fundamental in developing the principles of rationalization, classification, efficiency, flexibility, and quality that came from the architects in their search to create a new form of architecture. The purpose of which was: to make clear the relationship between technique and form in architecture.

  20. Towards a sustainable architecture: Learning of the constructed thing. The case of the residential sector I publish in Uruguay; Hacia una arquitectura sostenible: Aprendiendo de lo construido. El caso del sector residencial publico en Uruguay

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Piccion, A.; Camacho, M.; Lopez, N.; Milicua, S.

    2008-07-01

    This article presents measure data and satisfaction question in dwellings which had been Safety financed in ninety decade, in two cities of Uruguay. It assess the design strategies which are essentially used by architects, using the collected interior and exterior temperature data, the comfort hour percentages and the user perception of thermal environment. In Montevideo we observe a good performance to the strategies (solar protection, window factor and high inertia) adapted for the warm period. In Salto we observe a poor thermal behaviour, focus on users comfort due to the architects applied design strategies with identical criteria as in Montevideo, forgetting the local climate. (Author)

  1. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Peder Pedersen, Claus; Dehs, Jørgen

    2013-01-01

    Introduction to When Architects and Designers Write / Draw / Build / ? This anthology highlights the potentials and challenges for research in architecture and design. The included essays are based on papers given at a symposium held at the Aarhus School of Architecture in 2011 and contain a number...... of topical positions ranging from the activist and academic to practice-based and artistically-based research by international and Danish researchers. The anthology is aimed at architects and designers, as well as others with an interest in the discussion of the concept of research in the fields...

  2. The architecture and fiction in level design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pihl, Ole Verner

    2006-01-01

     The architect's professional field has expanded with the new virtual medias There is a new set of rules different from the scenography of the film and different from the architecture of amusement parks. The new rules are fiction, interaction, complexity, and artificial intelligence. But there is...... The architect's professional field has expanded with the new virtual medias There is a new set of rules different from the scenography of the film and different from the architecture of amusement parks. The new rules are fiction, interaction, complexity, and artificial intelligence...

  3. Evalution of BIM and Ecotect for Conceptual Architectural Design Analysis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thuesen, Niels; Kirkegaard, Poul Henning; Jensen, Rasmus Lund

    2010-01-01

    The main goal of the present paper is to investigate how BIM tools and Ecotect can be integrated as active part of an integrated design process for conceptual architectural design. The integrated design has an interaction between the skills of the architect and the engineer thought-out the process...... for sketching investigations during a conceptual architectural design process....... and thereby avoiding problems solving after the design has been finalised. The process has been analysed from an architect's point of view dealing with design at fictive sites in Copenhagen. The results of the research indicate that BIM tools combined with Ecotect can deliver useable qualitative input...

  4. Architectural Knitted Surfaces

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mossé, Aurélie

    2010-01-01

    WGSN reports from the Architectural Knitted Surfaces workshop recently held at ShenkarCollege of Engineering and Design, Tel Aviv, which offered a cutting-edge insight into interactive knitted surfaces. With the increasing role of smart textiles in architecture, the Architectural Knitted Surfaces...... workshop brought together architects and interior and textile designers to highlight recent developments in intelligent knitting. The five-day workshop was led by architects Ayelet Karmon and Mette Ramsgaard Thomsen, together with Amir Cang and Eyal Sheffer from the Knitting Laboratory, in collaboration...... with Amir Marcowitz and Yair Reshef for their expertise in interaction design....

  5. Building Guastavino dome in China: A historical survey of the dome of the Auditorium at Tsinghua University

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yishi Liu

    2014-06-01

    The first part combs up the intellectual origins and precedents of the campus planning by Henry Murphy. As the dome is a focal point of the study, a brief course on the history of dome construction in the West is needed. The third part, based upon field measurement in July 2013, compares the actual dome with its original design featured by the Guastavino method, deducing possible reasons that resulted in the differences, including architect׳s unfamiliarity with Guastavino Company and its parameters, considerations about cost, and local construction tradition.

  6. Elementos para una búsqueda: Le Corbusier y Rogelio Salmona

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Clara Mejía Vallejo

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available By analysing four projects that involved houses with courtyards designed by Rogelio Salmona, this article reaches a hypothesis about how Le Corbusier could have influenced the work of the Colombian architect. Common ground is identified in both architects’ approaches, which is described and illustrated by reviewing some of their works. The approach taken in this article is through the analysis of a number of variables, which leads to the systematic and infinitely rich possibilities of characterising the work of both architects.

  7. Computer Architecture Techniques for Power-Efficiency

    CERN Document Server

    Kaxiras, Stefanos

    2008-01-01

    In the last few years, power dissipation has become an important design constraint, on par with performance, in the design of new computer systems. Whereas in the past, the primary job of the computer architect was to translate improvements in operating frequency and transistor count into performance, now power efficiency must be taken into account at every step of the design process. While for some time, architects have been successful in delivering 40% to 50% annual improvement in processor performance, costs that were previously brushed aside eventually caught up. The most critical of these

  8. Yoder / Doornbos Residence. Valle Vista Road Phoenix, Arizona, USA

    OpenAIRE

    Spencer, Brian A.

    2005-01-01

    Brian Spencer, AIA / IAA is a registered architect with 32 years of experience. He has worked domestically throughout the United States, as well as internationally in Europe and the Pacific Rim…Spencer is one of only five American architects elected a foreign member of the Russian Academy of Architecture & Construction Sciences. He is both Professor and Academician in the International Academy of Architecture in Sofia, Bulgaria and serves on its' Academic Council.And he was also elected H...

  9. Oracle Database 11gR2 Performance Tuning Cookbook

    CERN Document Server

    Fiorillo, Ciro

    2012-01-01

    In this book you will find both examples and theoretical concepts covered. Every recipe is based on a script/procedure explained step-by-step, with screenshots, while theoretical concepts are explained in the context of the recipe, to explain why a solution performs better than another. This book is aimed at software developers, software and data architects, and DBAs who are using or are planning to use the Oracle Database, who have some experience and want to solve performance problems faster and in a rigorous way. If you are an architect who wants to design better applications, a DBA who is

  10. Signage and wayfinding design a complete guide to creating environmental graphic design systems

    CERN Document Server

    Calori, Chris

    2015-01-01

    A new edition of the market-leading guide to signage and wayfinding design This new edition of Signage and Wayfinding Design: A Complete Guide to Creating Environmental Graphic Design Systems has been fully updated to offer you the latest, most comprehensive coverage of the environmental design process-from research and design development to project execution. Utilizing a cross-disciplinary approach that makes the information relevant to architects, interior designers, landscape architects, graphic designers, and industrial engineers alike, the book arms you with the skills needed to apply a

  11. ‘[A]rchitecture + [P]hotography + [A]rchive: the APA factor in the construction of historiography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pierluigi Serraino

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The APA factor is the triangular foundation which the discursive edifice of Historiography in Modern Architecture rests upon. The production of architecture, its textual and photographic documentation, and the structured retrievability of visual records over time are the mutually interdependent links required for the lasting inclusion of particular buildings and their architects in institutional discourse. This paper illustrates the case study of the Italian architect Gian Luigi Giordani, designer of the Farmitalia Pharmaceutical Factory in Milan, and the Italian architectural photographer Giorgio Casali where the links holding together the APA factor are broken, resulting in their contemporary oblivion.

  12. Beginning Django E-Commerce

    CERN Document Server

    McGaw, James

    2009-01-01

    Beginning Django E-Commerce guides you through producing an e-commerce site using Django, the most popular Python web development framework. Topics covered include how to make a shopping cart, a checkout, and a payment processor; how to make the most of Ajax; and search engine optimization best practices. Throughout the book, you'll take each topic and apply it to build a single example site, and all the while you'll learn the theory behind what you're architecting. * Build a fully functional e-commerce site. * Learn to architect your site properly to survive in an increasingly competitive onl

  13. SOA source book how to use service-oriented architecture effectively

    CERN Document Server

    Group, The Open

    2010-01-01

    Software services are established as a programming concept, but their impact on the overall architecture of enterprise IT and business operations is not well-understood. This has led to problems in deploying SOA, and some disillusionment. The SOA Source Book adds to this a collection of reference material for SOA. It is an invaluable resource for enterprise architects working with SOA.The SOA Source Book will help enterprise architects to use SOA effectively. It explains:What SOA isHow to evaluate SOA features in business termsHow to model SOAHow to use The Open Group Architecture Framework (T

  14. Beyond Discourse: Notes on Spatial Agency

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tatjana Schneider

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available This article investigates the word ‘agency’ in relation to the role, responsibility and power of the architect. Using Anthony Giddens’s formulation of agency, we discuss the transformative potential of architecture where the lack of a predetermined future is seen as an opportunity and not a threat. Four episodes describe related instances of architectural practice as spatial agency: muf, OSA, Santiago Cirugeda and The New Architecture Movement. The paper concludes with an urgent call for architects to face up to their political and environmental responsibilities.

  15. A well-established profession

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Braae, Ellen Marie; Hare, Richard Andrew

    2011-01-01

    It was during the economic boom of the 1960s that the demand for landscape architects began to explode in Denmark as the expanding welfare state brought about rapid physical changes. At this time the country’s first specific education for landscape architects was established and 2010 marked the 5......th anniversary of landscape architecture teaching, at the Faculty of Life Science – the University of Copenhagen(KU-Life). It’s origins can be traced further back but, then as now, the essence of the education is that of creating a dynamic synergy of the sciences and the arts....

  16. Silverlight 2 Recipes A Problem-solution Approach

    CERN Document Server

    Ghosh, Cameron

    2010-01-01

    Microsoft .NET Architect Evangelist, Jit Ghosh, presents a practical companion guide to developing rich, interactive web applications with Silverlight 2. Common problems, issues, and every--day scenarios are tackled with a detailed discussion of the solution and ready--made code recipes that will save you hours of coding time. The recipes included in Silverlight 2 Recipes: A Problem-Solution Approach have been carefully selected and tested with the professional developer in mind. You'll find clearly and succinctly stated problems, well--architected solutions, and ample discussion of the code a

  17. Multithreading architecture

    CERN Document Server

    Nemirovsky, Mario

    2013-01-01

    Multithreaded architectures now appear across the entire range of computing devices, from the highest-performing general purpose devices to low-end embedded processors. Multithreading enables a processor core to more effectively utilize its computational resources, as a stall in one thread need not cause execution resources to be idle. This enables the computer architect to maximize performance within area constraints, power constraints, or energy constraints. However, the architectural options for the processor designer or architect looking to implement multithreading are quite extensive and

  18. STANKO KLISKA (1896. – 1969.) – ARHITEKT BOLNICE U SUŠAKU

    OpenAIRE

    Pavlović, Eduard; Pavlović, Ivan

    2005-01-01

    Aim: This paper is to show that the hospital in Su{ak, Rijeka has been built on modern principles of hospital building during, even though it is seventy-odd years old. Material and methods: The paper relies on published texts and illustrations about the hospital in Su{ak and about its architect Stanko Kliska. Results: Designing the hospital, architect Stanko Kliska focused on the needs of the patient He has built it using simple materials, seeking to meet all requirements impos...

  19. Thinking the unthinkable

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gammelgaard Nielsen, Anders; Dombernowsky, Per

    2004-01-01

    This paper adresses the theme of thinking construction in a changing world. In more specific terms it adresses two topics. The first being the necessary competences and skills in construction, that can be expected in the profile of the future architect after graduation. The second, being the acqu......This paper adresses the theme of thinking construction in a changing world. In more specific terms it adresses two topics. The first being the necessary competences and skills in construction, that can be expected in the profile of the future architect after graduation. The second, being...

  20. Making microbiology of the built environment relevant to design.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, G Z; Kline, Jeff; Mhuireach, Gwynne; Northcutt, Dale; Stenson, Jason

    2016-02-16

    Architects are enthusiastic about "bioinformed design" as occupant well-being is a primary measure of architectural success. However, architects are also under mounting pressure to create more sustainable buildings. Scientists have a critical opportunity to make the emerging field of microbiology of the built environment more relevant and applicable to real-world design problems by addressing health and sustainability in tandem. Practice-based research, which complements evidence-based design, represents a promising approach to advancing knowledge of the indoor microbiome and translating it to architectural practice.