WorldWideScience

Sample records for architects

  1. Kindergarten Architects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sturdevant, Alexandria

    2008-01-01

    In this article, the author shares a lesson on architecture she introduced to her kindergarten students. Using wooden blocks as materials, she showed her students how to take on the role of an architect and create their own buildings. This project was beneficial to all students in that they learned to think flexibly and realized that the designs…

  2. Being Architect

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Merrild, Heidi

    2016-01-01

    Being Architect The film relates to an ongoing collaboration between ´Resilient Vejle´ and Aarhus School of Architecture. It is based on a participatory workshop with Bachelor students in December 2015, where the former ticket hall of the station was transformed into a temporary and on site design...

  3. Social architects

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nordentoft, Helle Merete; Thomsen, Rie; Hecksher, Kristine

    guidance practitioners should be seen more like social architects who are capable of instigating social practices in which young people can exchange their experiences, get proper and relevant advice rather than being looked at as expert professionals who provide information in 1-to-1 relationships...

  4. Sencha Architect app development

    CERN Document Server

    Groner, Loiane

    2013-01-01

    A standard tutorial-based approach for using Sencha Architect to develop applications in Ext JS and Sencha Touch.Sencha Architect App Development is for Ext JS and Sencha Touch developers that are looking to improve their productivity by using Sencha Architect for app development. Basic knowledge of Ext JS and Sencha Touch is required.

  5. Reiulf Ramstad Architects

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Reiulf Ramstad is one of Norway's most promising architects and a leading exponent of a new and revitalized Nordic architecture representing some of the classical virtues of the tradition known as Critical Regionalism. Ramstad graduated from the School of Architecture in Venice in 1995 and was in......Reiulf Ramstad is one of Norway's most promising architects and a leading exponent of a new and revitalized Nordic architecture representing some of the classical virtues of the tradition known as Critical Regionalism. Ramstad graduated from the School of Architecture in Venice in 1995....... This exclusive monograph, edited by Danish architectural critic Boris Brorman Jensen, presents the architect's mental landscape and provides an in-depth study of the unique qualities and exceptional contextual sensibility that characterize in his entire oeuvre....

  6. The architects house

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Welling, Helen

    2007-01-01

    The architects house is an article on Edward Heiberg's own house built in 1924. Edward Heiberg was a strong advocate of functionalism, and of the notion that hitherto individualistic and emotional architecture should be replaced by an objective function-based architecture with dwellings for every......The architects house is an article on Edward Heiberg's own house built in 1924. Edward Heiberg was a strong advocate of functionalism, and of the notion that hitherto individualistic and emotional architecture should be replaced by an objective function-based architecture with dwellings...

  7. Architected Cellular Materials

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schaedler, Tobias A.; Carter, William B.

    2016-07-01

    Additive manufacturing enables fabrication of materials with intricate cellular architecture, whereby progress in 3D printing techniques is increasing the possible configurations of voids and solids ad infinitum. Examples are microlattices with graded porosity and truss structures optimized for specific loading conditions. The cellular architecture determines the mechanical properties and density of these materials and can influence a wide range of other properties, e.g., acoustic, thermal, and biological properties. By combining optimized cellular architectures with high-performance metals and ceramics, several lightweight materials that exhibit strength and stiffness previously unachievable at low densities were recently demonstrated. This review introduces the field of architected materials; summarizes the most common fabrication methods, with an emphasis on additive manufacturing; and discusses recent progress in the development of architected materials. The review also discusses important applications, including lightweight structures, energy absorption, metamaterials, thermal management, and bioscaffolds.

  8. Architects and Materials

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kruse Aagaard, Anders

    2015-01-01

    One set of tools that has become predominant in the recent decades is the series of digital drawing and modelling software that today more than anything else defines the architect’s workflow. Digital drawing has become the keystone throughout the process from early sketching to building realisation...... and for which architecture is created. Through the interface of digital drawing, data can feed into digital production, linking the architect directly to the materials. Drawing can morph directly into materialisation instead of representation....

  9. Architects – Founders of the Union of Architects in Irkutsk

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrei Lyapin

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available The article refers to foundation of the East-Siberian (Irkutsk Branch of the Union of Architects. It presents the role of the Organizational Bureau in formation of the Union of Architects, which included such architects as K.V. Mital, B.M. Kerbel, I.G. Efimov, S.M. Zaslavsky, V.N. Kolyanovsky and V.N. Volkov. The article tells about the first Board of the Union of Architects in Irkutsk and gives the plan of the Union’s activity in the pre-war period.

  10. Architects, Bandits and Knights

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Konstantin Lidin

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available Some quotations: «A new disaster has been added to pollution of the unique lake–it is cottage development of the coast». «The trouble is that the projects are realized without even being seen by architectural society. Including the objects on the coast of Lake Baikal. We took Sergey Kiselev to see one of such objects, it was a halfcompleted building. Like other Moscow colleagues he admitted that it was an obviously conceited excess. In general almost every object recently built in Listvyanka represents a burst of excess… What is happening here with architecture and urban planning is absolutely inadmissible».«Current capital development at Lake Baikal visually pollutes the coast, bringing alien elements to the landscape and view (for example, the cottages of pseudorussian style and cabin cars».Acting as a client of architectural and design project Russian mafia has a number of individual characteristics.Firstly, an ordinary businessman is childishly confident that the architect's (or designer's work is a very interesting and fascinating stuff. He believes that this work gives lots of pleasure and entirely consists of creative discoveries and triumph.By the way already ancient Greeks considered creativity to be a sort of Eros. So the mafia client is eager to take part in such a pleasant thing. In spite of expressing his wishes clearly and giving the way to the professional, the client strives for being both a participant and a coauthor of the project. At best he is constantly bothering the architect with many pieces of advice and «valuable suggestions ». At worst the project, which is already finished, approved and even paid, is altered by the client during the process of its realization, while the author is not even informed about it. The building completed, the shocked architect sees a monster that has arisen from his project as a result of «the editing».Secondly, any typical Mafioso finds it very important to persistently exhibit

  11. Architects of a brighter future.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-10-01

    An imaginative scheme for a children's speech and language clinic to be sited in a part of Newcastle Upon Tyne rich in history, and a design for a new oncology centre, in Breda, Holland, conceived to help "break the taboo that shrouds cancer" won the student architects the first and second prizes respectively in the 2008 Architects for Health (AfH) Student Awards. Health Estate Journal reports.

  12. Tianjin Architects & Consulting Engineers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    Tianjin Architects& Consulting Engineers (TACE), established in 1952,is the largest integrated architectural design institutein Tianjian. TACE has five A-Class certificates issued by the Ministry of Construction in areas such as engineering design, and it is rated as one of the top 100 exploration and design companies in China.

  13. Architects: gender-role and hiring decisions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Devlin, A S

    1997-10-01

    To examine architects' judgments of male and female applicants represented by the information in resumés, 204 architects, 156 men and 48 women, licensed in the state of Connecticut participated in a 2(job level) by 2(sex) between-subjects study. Architects were asked how they would rate applicants' potential (including the decision to hire) and gender-role characteristics judged on the basis of one-page resumés. Architects randomly assigned resumés for one of four evaluation conditions (intern or senior architect; male or female), rated the applicant on seven job-related characteristics, e.g., technical skill, potential for advancement, and completed the Bem Sex-role Inventory as they thought items applied to the applicant. Analysis indicated that male architect respondents were more likely to hire male applicants than female applicants as senior architects and that female applicants were judged to be as masculine-typed as were male applicants.

  14. The Changing Role of the Enterprise Architect

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gøtze, John

    2013-01-01

    Enterprise architecture is practiced in different ways, and there are different types of enterprise architects with quite different roles. This paper looks closer at the role of enterprise architects and the importance of the enterprise architects’ understanding of boundary issues in their practice....... The paper suggests that enterprise architects must focus on problem-finding more than problem-solving, and should develop not just more dialectic skills, but also dialogic skills. The paper also argues that the enterprise architects must gain a deeper understanding of the enterprise, and need to start...

  15. Quantum Computing for Computer Architects

    CERN Document Server

    Metodi, Tzvetan

    2011-01-01

    Quantum computers can (in theory) solve certain problems far faster than a classical computer running any known classical algorithm. While existing technologies for building quantum computers are in their infancy, it is not too early to consider their scalability and reliability in the context of the design of large-scale quantum computers. To architect such systems, one must understand what it takes to design and model a balanced, fault-tolerant quantum computer architecture. The goal of this lecture is to provide architectural abstractions for the design of a quantum computer and to explore

  16. Becoming an Architect: The Role of Work-Based Learning in Architect Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    Orr, Kevin; Gao, Yun

    2013-01-01

    This article examines the work-based placements of trainee architects in the United Kingdom to examine how trainees become architects. The trainee architects in this study experienced varying levels of participation and responsibility during their yearlong placements. Despite this diversity, developing the trainees on placement was found to be…

  17. The Education of the Architects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudio Sgarbi

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available A wide spectrum of tools, instruments, devices, apparatus, machines, prostheses, systems and technologies are available for every architect in the “western civilized world”. Some of the items in the spectrum are archaic like pencils while other are brand new like 3d printers or quantum computing. The bodies of the architects are transforming too. Many consolidated habits are changing very quickly: we do not draw as much as we were used to do in the recent past, we copy/paste more than writing, we think in a strange way, we travel a lot in different directions, we are exposed to a vertiginous amount of information, we are obsessed by our own waste we cannot avoid to produce and we do a lot of things in a state of permanent anxiety as if everything around us was in a state of threatening scarcity.The title of this issue of “IN_BO. Ricerche e progetti per il territorio, la città e l’architettura” is pretentious but its contents are simply honest. They demonstrate different attempts made by very different teachers and students to fathom the territory of public space from different directions.

  18. Physicians and architects - not an odd couple.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ohry, Avi

    2013-01-01

    One may think that there is no apparent interface between so different occupations as medicine and architecture. The historical and present-day connections between these academic fields resulted in the creation of healthy environment, housing and hospital. This article also speaks about another meeting point of these professions: physicians who became architects (or amateur-architects) and personal friendships between physicians, scientists, and architects which resulted in fruitful and progressive architectural creations. Both professions may be regard as art and science as well.

  19. SharePoint 2010 Enterprise Architect's Guidebook

    CERN Document Server

    Wilson, Brian; Baer, Bill; Kearn, Martin; Shah, Arpan; Adams, Jim; Bridport, Nigel; Esperanca, Huge; Gideon, Chris; Hassani, Sam; Hodgkinson, Neil; Juvonen, Vesa; Kleven, Scott; Morrish, Ian; Olenick, Paul; Ranlett, Matt; Voskresenskaya, Natalya; Walker, Simon; Whitehead, Chris

    2012-01-01

    Tips and techniques for becoming a successful SharePoint architect If you're eager to design and architect a successful deployment of SharePoint 2010, then this is the book for you. Packed with real-world experiences and solid processes, this guidebook provides you with everything you need to perform for designing and architecting enterprise portal services. Helpful examples examine the common design issues affecting SharePoint 2010 environments that can cause deployments to fail so you can learn what to avoid. Plus, key development and deployment issues are covered from an architecture perspe

  20. 48 CFR 836.606-71 - Architect-engineer's proposal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Architect-engineer's... AFFAIRS SPECIAL CATEGORIES OF CONTRACTING CONSTRUCTION AND ARCHITECT-ENGINEER CONTRACTS Architect-Engineer Services 836.606-71 Architect-engineer's proposal. (a) When the contract price is estimated to be...

  1. PostgreSQL for data architects

    CERN Document Server

    Maymala, Jayadevan

    2015-01-01

    This book is for developers and data architects who have some exposure to databases. It is assumed that you understand the basic concepts of tables and common database objects, including privileges and security.

  2. Simplified engineering for architects and builders

    CERN Document Server

    Ambrose, James

    2010-01-01

    The classic reference for structural design and construction-completely revised and updated Approaching its eighth decade as the industry leader, Simplified Engineering for Architects and Builders remains the reference of choice for designers and constructors. This new Eleventh Edition is thoroughly revised and updated to reflect the latest practices in the design of structures. Long considered a standard in the field, this perennial bestseller provides a clear, accessible presentation of the engineering information that is essential for architects and builders. Offeri

  3. Decadal opportunities for space architects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sherwood, Brent

    2012-12-01

    A significant challenge for the new field of space architecture is the dearth of project opportunities. Yet every year more young professionals express interest to enter the field. This paper derives projections that bound the number, type, and range of global development opportunities that may be reasonably expected over the next few decades for human space flight (HSF) systems so those interested in the field can benchmark their goals. Four categories of HSF activity are described: human Exploration of solar system bodies; human Servicing of space-based assets; large-scale development of space Resources; and Breakout of self-sustaining human societies into the solar system. A progressive sequence of capabilities for each category starts with its earliest feasible missions and leads toward its full expression. The four sequences are compared in scale, distance from Earth, and readiness. Scenarios hybridize the most synergistic features from the four sequences for comparison to status quo, government-funded HSF program plans. Finally qualitative, decadal, order-of-magnitude estimates are derived for system development needs, and hence opportunities for space architects. Government investment towards human planetary exploration is the weakest generator of space architecture work. Conversely, the strongest generator is a combination of three market drivers: (1) commercial passenger travel in low Earth orbit; (2) in parallel, government extension of HSF capability to GEO; both followed by (3) scale-up demonstration of end-to-end solar power satellites in GEO. The rich end of this scale affords space architecture opportunities which are more diverse, complex, large-scale, and sociologically challenging than traditional exploration vehicle cabins and habitats.

  4. How artists learn to love architects

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Unterrainer, Walter

    2015-01-01

    How artists learn to love architects Prof. Walter Unterrainer Aarhus School of Architecture Over the last two decades, innumerable new museums and other exhibition spaces have been built and opened all over the globe. The most extreme growth happened in China, where the number of museums went up...... art and even do not fulfil basic technical aspects in terms of a consistent indoor climate, optimized lighting or safety. The lecture focuses on inspiring examples of spaces for art, where famous (Renzo Piano, Peter Zumthor) or not so famous (Heinz Tesar, Gigon and Guyer) architects have designed...

  5. Defining Space Mission Architects for the Smaller Missions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, C.

    1999-01-01

    The definition of the Space Mission Architect (SMA) must be clear in both technical and human terms if we expect to train and/or to find people needed to architect the numbers of smaller missions expected in the future.

  6. Healthcare architects' professional autonomy: interview case studies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Duk-Su; Shepley, Mardelle McCuskey

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this project was to understand the nature of an architect's professional power. The central questions were: (1) What is the impact of specialized knowledge on the professional autonomy of architects in general? and (2) What are the relationships between task complexity, specialized knowledge, and the professional autonomy of healthcare architects in particular? To answer these questions, this research utilized interviews and focus groups. Focus groups provided in-depth knowledge on a sub-question: How do real-world situations restrict or reinforce the professional autonomy of healthcare architects? The interviews on this sub-question were project-specific to help gain an understanding of the impact that healthcare design complexity and research utilization have on practice and professional autonomy. Two main relationships were discovered from the interviews and focus groups. One was the relationship between the context of healthcare design complexity and the culture of healthcare design practice. The other was the relationship between changing professional attitudes and the consequences of changes in the profession.

  7. Anticipatory Socialisation amongst Architects: A Qualitative Examination

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sang, Katherine; Ison, Stephen; Dainty, Andrew; Powell, Abigail

    2009-01-01

    Purpose: Those entering the architectural profession tend to be motivated by a desire to undertake creative design, although studies have revealed that many practicing architects feel they lack sufficient creative opportunities. Proponents of anticipatory socialisation argue that experiences prior to entering an occupation influence job…

  8. Learning to Be an Information Architect

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wusteman, Judith

    2013-01-01

    This article describes a recently introduced module at University College Dublin School of Information and Library Studies (SILS), entitled "Information Architecture: Designing the Web." The module provides students with a realistic experience of how information architects apply their skills to produce usable web sites, via a project to…

  9. Hugh Maaskant : architect van de vooruitgang

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Provoost, Michelle

    2003-01-01

    Hugh Maaskant (1907–1977) is best known as the architect who made the biggest mark on the post-war reconstruction of Rotterdam with such buildings as the Groothandelsgebouw, the Hilton Hotel and the Lijnbaan flats. Beginning his career in 1937 as the partner of Willem van Tijen, Maaskant embarked on

  10. Function and budget based system architecting

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bonnema, Maarten; Horvath, I.; Duhovnik, J.

    2006-01-01

    The paper presents the principles of a method that integrates functional modelling and requirements modelling to support the system architect in creating and comparing system architectures. Integration is achieved by a coupling matrix that connects functions to key drivers or requirements. Using the

  11. The Java EE architect's handbook how to be a successful application architect for Java EE applications

    CERN Document Server

    Ashmore, Derek C.

    2014-01-01

    This handbook is a concise guide to assuming the role of application architect for Java EE applications. This handbook will guide the application architect through the entire Java EE project including identifying business requirements, performing use-case analysis, object and data modeling, and guiding a development team during construction. This handbook will provide tips and techniques for communicating with project managers and management. This handbook will provide strategies for making your application easier and less costly to support. Whether you are about to architect your first Java EE application or are looking for ways to keep your projects on-time and on-budget, you will refer to this handbook again and again.

  12. Hugh Maaskant: architect van de vooruitgang

    OpenAIRE

    Provoost, M.

    2003-01-01

    Hugh Maaskant (1907–1977) is best known as the architect who made the biggest mark on the post-war reconstruction of Rotterdam with such buildings as the Groothandelsgebouw, the Hilton Hotel and the Lijnbaan flats. Beginning his career in 1937 as the partner of Willem van Tijen, Maaskant embarked on his most prolific period after establishing an independent practice in 1955. He produced the lion’s share of his work in the 1950s and ’60s, the very period architectural critics generally regard ...

  13. 76 FR 20351 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; Information Collection; Architect-Engineer Qualifications (SF 330)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-12

    ... Regulation; Information Collection; Architect-Engineer Qualifications (SF 330) AGENCIES: Department of... the Architect-Engineer Qualifications form (SF 330). Public comments are particularly invited on..., Architect-Engineer Qualifications (SF 330), in all correspondence. Dated: April 4, 2011. Millisa...

  14. Towards a sustainable aesthetics. Architects constructing energy efficient buildings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ryghaug, Marianne

    2002-07-01

    This interdisciplinary study discusses challenges in energy economising in Norway as they involve the architect profession and their role in affecting the energy standard in buildings. The main research question is separated into two component research questions. The first is to analyse how the reality orientation of the architect profession is constituted and maintained, and how this in turn influences their values in connection to energy related decisions. How is the architects' professional role conception reflected in the educational system and architect journals, and how is it expressed among the 'green outsiders' of the profession? The second component research question is related to decision-making processes regarding design processes, particularly concerning energy in buildings and the role played by the architects in these processes as they interact with other actors and within institutional frames.

  15. Integrins as architects of cell behavior.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Streuli, Charles H

    2016-10-01

    Integrins are cell surface receptors that bind cells to their physical external environment, linking the extracellular matrix to cell function. They are essential in the biology of all animals. In the late 1980s, we discovered that integrins are required for the ability of breast epithelia to do what they are programmed to do, which is to differentiate and make milk. Since then, integrins have been shown to control most other aspects of phenotype: to stay alive, to divide, and to move about. Integrins also provide part of the mechanism that allows cells to form tissues. Here I discuss how we discovered that integrins control mammary gland differentiation and explore the role of integrins as central architects of other aspects of cell behavior.

  16. 48 CFR 1336.602 - Selection of firms for architect-engineer contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... architect-engineer contracts. 1336.602 Section 1336.602 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE SPECIAL CATEGORIES OF CONTRACTING CONSTRUCTION AND ARCHITECT-ENGINEER CONTRACTS Architect-Engineer Services 1336.602 Selection of firms for architect-engineer contracts....

  17. 48 CFR 36.602 - Selection of firms for architect-engineer contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... architect-engineer contracts. 36.602 Section 36.602 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION SPECIAL CATEGORIES OF CONTRACTING CONSTRUCTION AND ARCHITECT-ENGINEER CONTRACTS Architect-Engineer Services 36.602 Selection of firms for architect-engineer contracts....

  18. 48 CFR 2936.602 - Selection of firms for architect-engineer contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... architect-engineer contracts. 2936.602 Section 2936.602 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF LABOR GENERAL CONTRACTING REQUIREMENTS CONSTRUCTION AND ARCHITECT-ENGINEER CONTRACTS Architect-Engineer Services 2936.602 Selection of firms for architect-engineer contracts....

  19. 48 CFR 836.602 - Selection of firms for architect-engineer contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... architect-engineer contracts. 836.602 Section 836.602 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS SPECIAL CATEGORIES OF CONTRACTING CONSTRUCTION AND ARCHITECT-ENGINEER CONTRACTS Architect-Engineer Services 836.602 Selection of firms for architect-engineer contracts....

  20. 48 CFR 36.605 - Government cost estimate for architect-engineer work.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... for architect-engineer work. 36.605 Section 36.605 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION SPECIAL CATEGORIES OF CONTRACTING CONSTRUCTION AND ARCHITECT-ENGINEER CONTRACTS Architect-Engineer Services 36.605 Government cost estimate for architect-engineer work. (a) An...

  1. 48 CFR 1836.602 - Selection of firms for architect-engineer contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... architect-engineer contracts. 1836.602 Section 1836.602 Federal Acquisition Regulations System NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION SPECIAL CATEGORIES OF CONTRACTING CONSTRUCTION AND ARCHITECT-ENGINEER CONTRACTS Architect-Engineer Services 1836.602 Selection of firms for architect-engineer contracts....

  2. 48 CFR 1336.605 - Government cost estimate for architect-engineer work.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... for architect-engineer work. 1336.605 Section 1336.605 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE SPECIAL CATEGORIES OF CONTRACTING CONSTRUCTION AND ARCHITECT-ENGINEER CONTRACTS Architect-Engineer Services 1336.605 Government cost estimate for architect-engineer work. After award,...

  3. 48 CFR 736.605 - Government cost estimate for architect-engineer work.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... for architect-engineer work. 736.605 Section 736.605 Federal Acquisition Regulations System AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT SPECIAL CATEGORIES OF CONTRACTING CONSTRUCTION AND ARCHITECT-ENGINEER CONTRACTS Architect-Engineer Services 736.605 Government cost estimate for architect-engineer work. See 736.602-3(c)(5)....

  4. 48 CFR 936.609-3 - Work oversight in architect-engineer contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... architect-engineer contracts. 936.609-3 Section 936.609-3 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY SPECIAL CATEGORIES OF CONTRACTING CONSTRUCTION AND ARCHITECT-ENGINEER CONTRACTS Architect-Engineer Services 936.609-3 Work oversight in architect-engineer contracts. In addition to the clause at...

  5. 48 CFR 1436.602 - Selection of firms for architect-engineer contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... architect-engineer contracts. 1436.602 Section 1436.602 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR SPECIAL CATEGORIES OF CONTRACTING CONSTRUCTION AND ARCHITECT-ENGINEER CONTRACTS Architect-Engineer Services 1436.602 Selection of firms for architect-engineer contracts....

  6. 48 CFR 436.605 - Government cost estimate for architect-engineer work.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... for architect-engineer work. 436.605 Section 436.605 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SPECIAL CATEGORIES OF CONTRACTING CONSTRUCTION AND ARCHITECT-ENGINEER CONTRACTS Architect-Engineer Service 436.605 Government cost estimate for architect-engineer work. The...

  7. 48 CFR 636.602 - Selection of firms for architect-engineer contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... architect-engineer contracts. 636.602 Section 636.602 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF STATE SPECIAL CATEGORIES OF CONTRACTING CONSTRUCTION AND ARCHITECT-ENGINEER CONTRACTS Architect-Engineer Services 636.602 Selection of firms for architect-engineer contracts....

  8. 48 CFR 436.602 - Selection of firms for architect-engineer contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... architect-engineer contracts. 436.602 Section 436.602 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SPECIAL CATEGORIES OF CONTRACTING CONSTRUCTION AND ARCHITECT-ENGINEER CONTRACTS Architect-Engineer Service 436.602 Selection of firms for architect-engineer contracts....

  9. 48 CFR 2436.602 - Selection of firms for architect-engineer contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... architect-engineer contracts. 2436.602 Section 2436.602 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT SPECIAL CATEGORIES OF CONTRACTING CONSTRUCTION AND ARCHITECT-ENGINEER CONTRACTS Architect-Engineer Services 2436.602 Selection of firms for architect-engineer contracts....

  10. 48 CFR 1536.602 - Selection of firms for architect-engineer contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... architect-engineer contracts. 1536.602 Section 1536.602 Federal Acquisition Regulations System ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY SPECIAL CATEGORIES OF CONTRACTING CONSTRUCTION AND ARCHITECT-ENGINEER CONTRACTS Architect-Engineer Services 1536.602 Selection of firms for architect-engineer contracts....

  11. 48 CFR 536.602 - Selection of firms for architect-engineer contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... architect-engineer contracts. 536.602 Section 536.602 Federal Acquisition Regulations System GENERAL SERVICES ADMINISTRATION SPECIAL CATEGORIES OF CONTRACTING CONSTRUCTION AND ARCHITECT-ENGINEER CONTRACTS Architect-Engineer Services 536.602 Selection of firms for architect-engineer contracts....

  12. 48 CFR 36.609-3 - Work oversight in architect-engineer contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... architect-engineer contracts. 36.609-3 Section 36.609-3 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION SPECIAL CATEGORIES OF CONTRACTING CONSTRUCTION AND ARCHITECT-ENGINEER CONTRACTS Architect-Engineer Services 36.609-3 Work oversight in architect-engineer contracts. The contracting...

  13. The Death and the Tomb of the Architect

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudio Sgarbi

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this contribution is to discuss the funerary architecture of the body of the architect in its moment of transition between the space of the living to the space of the dead and in its more or less eternal final destination. The encompassing cemetery of those who design cemeteries for everybody else is fragmented in a myriad of differences and loci. Yet this space has its symbols and its imaginary. Who is the architect who designs the cemetery for all the others, and how does she/he see her/his own death and tomb? The ambition of this paper is to violate the intimate space of the “last desires” of the architect. Are there some expectations, some commonplaces, some appropriate or shared intents that might give to the architect a specific dignity in relation to the dignity we imagine for the death of the others?

  14. Rational design of reconfigurable prismatic architected materials

    Science.gov (United States)

    Overvelde, Johannes T. B.; Weaver, James C.; Hoberman, Chuck; Bertoldi, Katia

    2017-01-01

    Advances in fabrication technologies are enabling the production of architected materials with unprecedented properties. Most such materials are characterized by a fixed geometry, but in the design of some materials it is possible to incorporate internal mechanisms capable of reconfiguring their spatial architecture, and in this way to enable tunable functionality. Inspired by the structural diversity and foldability of the prismatic geometries that can be constructed using the snapology origami technique, here we introduce a robust design strategy based on space-filling tessellations of polyhedra to create three-dimensional reconfigurable materials comprising a periodic assembly of rigid plates and elastic hinges. Guided by numerical analysis and physical prototypes, we systematically explore the mobility of the designed structures and identify a wide range of qualitatively different deformations and internal rearrangements. Given that the underlying principles are scale-independent, our strategy can be applied to the design of the next generation of reconfigurable structures and materials, ranging from metre-scale transformable architectures to nanometre-scale tunable photonic systems.

  15. The Architect as Producer: Hannes Meyer and the Proletarianisation of the Western Architect

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amir Djalali

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available With the foundation of the Bauhaus, Walter Gropius advocated an end to the division between arts and crafts. Contrary to the idea of architecture as art, the programme of the school aimed to assimilate architecture with industry in order to satisfy collective social needs. Yet, despite this programmatic declaration, such a project was realised only after Gropius’ departure from the Bauhaus, under the controversial directorship (1927–1930 of the Swiss architect Hannes Meyer. Meyer achieved unprecedented success both in terms of academic production and financial performance. Yet his realisations were paralleled by the leftist radicalisation of the school’s politics: Meyer transformed the workshops into factory production units and the students into industrial workers. Eventually, the politicisation of the school cost Meyer his office and a negative reputation in historical records that still holds today. This article posits that Meyer achieved his success at the Bauhaus not despite his radical allegiance, but precisely because of it. The realism of Meyer’s strategy is evaluated through his capacity to anticipate many developments in the organisation of architectural production. In particular, his critique of intellectual labour in architecture is confronted with the contemporary proletarisation of architects in the Western world.

  16. Dimensions and determinants of judgements of colour samples and a simulated interior space by architects and non-architects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hogg, J; Goodman, S; Porter, T; Mikellides, B; Preddy, D E

    1979-05-01

    Architects and non-architects made Semantic Differential ratings of colour samples (chips) and a simulated interior space (a model). In analyses of the total samples' ratings (architects and non-architects) of (a) colour chips and (b) models, and individual sample analyses, (c) architects' chip judgements, (d) architects' model judgements, (e) non-architects' chip judgements, and (f) non-architects' model judgements, five factors occurred, though not necessarily all in any one analysis. These were: (i) dynamism; (ii) spatial quality; (iii) emotional tone; (iv) evaluation; (v) complexity. Linear correlations between parameters of the Munsell Color System and the above factors in the various analyses were calculated, while parallel analyses were carried out employing a graphical technique described by Sivik (1974a) involving isosemantic maps. In all analyses, linear correlations between the colour parameters and judgements were found for the dynamism factor, spatial quality factor, and emotional tone factor. They were associated respectively with chroma, value, and hue. Inspection of the isosemantic maps indicated subsidiary effects of the non-dominant dimensions of a non-linear sort, though the maps also exhibited the linear relations. Linear correlations were low or non-existent for the evaluation and complexity factors, and the complex nature of their determinants was clear from the isosemantic maps. The dterminants of judgements were similar for architects and non-architects, with the exception of evaluative judgements for the models in which markedly different determinants were noted. Comparability of the present findings with other studies carried out in a variety of countries over a 20 year period was high for dynamism, spatial quality, and emotional tone, and it is suggested that there may be something inherent in the response to colour in relation to such judgements. Recent physiological work is discussed, and its limitations in terms of colours sampled and

  17. The Architect as a Social Designer: The Fun Palace Case

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lubomir Savov Popov

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The goal of this paper is to discuss how the architectural profession and its work, through development of physical structures, relate to the idea of social design. Toward this end, we explore a number of issues that emerge from this concept—the social role of the architect, the emerging engagements in social design, and the need for corresponding design ethics. Through an applied sociological approach that focuses on interaction, emphasizing collaborative and transformative work within situated contexts, we conduct a case study on a project known as The Fun Palace. Rather than providing a detailed examination of the Fun Palace or its architect, Cedric Price, this paper uses this case to explore and discuss the potential for architecture in social design. Consequently, the study contributes to the ongoing debate on the social role of the architect, the scope of the architectural profession, and involvement with social design.

  18. Differences in Architects and Nonarchitects' Perception of Urban Design: An Application of Kansei Engineering Techniques

    OpenAIRE

    Carmen Llinares; Antoni Montañana; Elena Navarro

    2011-01-01

    We analyse architects and nonarchitects' emotional assessments of different districts in their own city (Valencia, Spain) by applying Kansei engineering techniques. A field study was carried out on a sample of 140 subjects (70 architects and 70 nonarchitects) who were asked to express their opinions on different areas in the city. The set of emotional impressions used by architects and non-architects to describe their sensations was obtained using differential semantics. The semantic space wa...

  19. Budding Architects: Exploring the Designs of Pyramids and Prisms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leavy, Aisling; Hourigan, Mairéad

    2015-01-01

    The context of students as architects is used to examine the similarities and differences between prisms and pyramids. Leavy and Hourigan use the Van Hiele Model as a tool to support teachers to develop expectations for differentiating geometry in the classroom using practical examples.

  20. 48 CFR 53.301-330 - Architect-Engineer Qualifications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Architect-Engineer Qualifications. 53.301-330 Section 53.301-330 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION (CONTINUED) CLAUSES AND FORMS FORMS Illustrations of Forms 53.301-330...

  1. 3-D structures viewed with the architect's approach

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vanggaard, Ole

    2002-01-01

    The complexity of teaching structures to architects is described in this article on the basis of the subject: 3-D surface structures and the need to give an insight into the theoretical background. Attention is given to the value of optimised structures, and the use of geometrical systems...

  2. U.S. architects report increased adoption of green building

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anon.

    2008-12-15

    This article discussed results of the 2008 Green Index survey conducted by Autodesk Inc., a company that is committed to developing software for easier and more efficient sustainable building design. The survey, which questioned members of the American Institute of Architects (AIA), revealed that architects and building owners have increased the implementation of sustainable design practices in response to a greater demand from clients. An increase in implementing green building elements of 15 per cent from 2007 may indicate a shift in attitude towards climate change. The primary reasons clients are asking for green buildings are reduced operating costs, marketing and marketing demand. The survey showed that 41 per cent of architects are using software to help predict and evaluate the environmental impact and lifecycle of their buildings as well as the HVAC operating costs and alternative building materials. The survey also showed that 24 per cent of architects are currently implementing green roofs on more than half of their new projects, compared with 7 per cent in 2007. Also, 39 per cent are using renewable, on-site energy sources such as solar, wind ,geothermal, low impact hydro, or biomass on more than half of new building designs compared with only 6 per cent in 2007. 1 ref.

  3. Product development: the making of the Abbott ARCHITECT.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kisner, H J

    1997-01-01

    Many laboratorians have a limited perspective on what is involved in developing an instrument and bringing it to market. This article traces the product development process used by Abbott Diagnostics Division that resulted in Abbott being named the 1996 Concurrent Engineering Company of the Year for the design of the ARCHITECT.

  4. vademecum de la profession d'architecte 1984

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    1984-01-01

    Le Comité de Liaison des Architectes de I'Europe Unie et Ie groupe de travail Vademecum· voudrait témoinger leur reconnaissance à l'Université Techhnique de Delft, Pays Bas en préparent ce rapport.

  5. 48 CFR 236.602 - Selection of firms for architect-engineer contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Selection of firms for architect-engineer contracts. 236.602 Section 236.602 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEFENSE... ARCHITECT-ENGINEER CONTRACTS Architect-Engineer Services 236.602 Selection of firms for...

  6. 48 CFR 52.244-4 - Subcontractors and outside associates and consultants (Architect-engineer services).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... associates and consultants (Architect-engineer services). 52.244-4 Section 52.244-4 Federal Acquisition... consultants (Architect-engineer services). As prescribed in 44.204(b), insert the following clause: Subcontractors and Outside Associates and Consultants (Architect-Engineer Services) (AUG 1998) Any...

  7. 48 CFR 52.248-2 - Value Engineering-Architect-Engineer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ...-Architect-Engineer. 52.248-2 Section 52.248-2 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION... Clauses 52.248-2 Value Engineering—Architect-Engineer. As prescribed in 48.201(f), insert the following clause: Value Engineering—Architect-Engineer (MAR 1990) (a) General. The Contractor shall (1)...

  8. 48 CFR 52.249-7 - Termination (Fixed-Price Architect-Engineer).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Architect-Engineer). 52.249-7 Section 52.249-7 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION... Clauses 52.249-7 Termination (Fixed-Price Architect-Engineer). As prescribed in 49.503(b), insert the following clause in solicitations and contracts for architect-engineer services when a fixed-price...

  9. 48 CFR 52.236-23 - Responsibility of the Architect-Engineer Contractor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Architect-Engineer Contractor. 52.236-23 Section 52.236-23 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL... Provisions and Clauses 52.236-23 Responsibility of the Architect-Engineer Contractor. As prescribed in 36.609-2(b), insert the following clause: Responsibility of the Architect-Engineer Contractor (APR 1984)...

  10. 48 CFR 52.236-24 - Work Oversight in Architect-Engineer Contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Architect-Engineer Contracts. 52.236-24 Section 52.236-24 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL... Provisions and Clauses 52.236-24 Work Oversight in Architect-Engineer Contracts. As prescribed in 36.609-3, insert the following clause: Work Oversight in Architect-Engineer Contracts (APR 1984) The extent...

  11. 48 CFR 1536.209 - Construction contracts with architect-engineer firms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... architect-engineer firms. 1536.209 Section 1536.209 Federal Acquisition Regulations System ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY SPECIAL CATEGORIES OF CONTRACTING CONSTRUCTION AND ARCHITECT-ENGINEER CONTRACTS Special Aspects of Contracting for Construction 1536.209 Construction contracts with architect-engineer firms....

  12. 76 FR 58155 - Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement; Construction and Architect-Engineer Services...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-20

    ... Regulation Supplement; Construction and Architect-Engineer Services Performance Evaluation (DFARS Case 2010... construction and architect-engineer services. DATES: Effective Date: September 20, 2011. FOR FURTHER... construction and Architect- Engineer services. On April 19, 2011, DoD published a proposed rule in the...

  13. 48 CFR 227.7206 - Contracts for architect-engineer services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contracts for architect... Rights in Computer Software and Computer Software Documentation 227.7206 Contracts for architect-engineer services. Follow 227.7107 when contracting for architect-engineer services....

  14. 48 CFR 2936.209 - Construction contracts with architect-engineer firms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... with architect-engineer firms. 2936.209 Section 2936.209 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF LABOR GENERAL CONTRACTING REQUIREMENTS CONSTRUCTION AND ARCHITECT-ENGINEER CONTRACTS Special Aspects of Contracting for Construction 2936.209 Construction contracts with architect-engineer firms....

  15. 48 CFR 52.232-10 - Payments Under Fixed-Price Architect-Engineer Contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Architect-Engineer Contracts. 52.232-10 Section 52.232-10 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL... Provisions and Clauses 52.232-10 Payments Under Fixed-Price Architect-Engineer Contracts. As prescribed in 32.111(c)(1), insert the following clause: Payments Under Fixed-Price Architect-Engineer Contracts...

  16. 48 CFR 36.702 - Forms for use in contracting for architect-engineer services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... contracting for architect-engineer services. 36.702 Section 36.702 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION SPECIAL CATEGORIES OF CONTRACTING CONSTRUCTION AND ARCHITECT-ENGINEER CONTRACTS Standard and Optional Forms for Contracting for Construction, Architect-Engineer Services,...

  17. 48 CFR 225.7015 - Restriction on overseas architect-engineer services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Restriction on overseas architect-engineer services. 225.7015 Section 225.7015 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEFENSE... on overseas architect-engineer services. For restriction on award of architect-engineer contracts...

  18. 48 CFR 36.209 - Construction contracts with architect-engineer firms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... with architect-engineer firms. 36.209 Section 36.209 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION SPECIAL CATEGORIES OF CONTRACTING CONSTRUCTION AND ARCHITECT-ENGINEER CONTRACTS Special Aspects of Contracting for Construction 36.209 Construction contracts with architect-engineer firms....

  19. 48 CFR 31.201-7 - Construction and architect-engineer contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Construction and architect... Organizations 31.201-7 Construction and architect-engineer contracts. Specific principles and procedures for... architect-engineer contracts related to construction projects, are in 31.105. The applicability of...

  20. 48 CFR 227.7107 - Contracts for architect-engineer services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contracts for architect... Rights in Technical Data 227.7107 Contracts for architect-engineer services. This section sets forth... of construction and architect-engineer services....

  1. 7 CFR 1788.11 - Minimum insurance requirements for contractors, engineers, and architects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ..., engineers, and architects. 1788.11 Section 1788.11 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture... REQUIREMENTS FOR ELECTRIC AND TELECOMMUNICATIONS BORROWERS Insurance for Contractors, Engineers, and Architects, Electric Borrowers § 1788.11 Minimum insurance requirements for contractors, engineers, and architects....

  2. 48 CFR 636.209 - Construction contracts with architect-engineer firms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... with architect-engineer firms. 636.209 Section 636.209 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF STATE SPECIAL CATEGORIES OF CONTRACTING CONSTRUCTION AND ARCHITECT-ENGINEER CONTRACTS Special Aspects of Contracting for Construction 636.209 Construction contracts with architect-engineer firms....

  3. 48 CFR 31.105 - Construction and architect-engineer contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Construction and architect... Construction and architect-engineer contracts. (a) This category includes all contracts and contract..., bridges, roads, or other kinds of real property. It also includes architect-engineer contracts related...

  4. An architect's perspective on contemporary academic library design.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foote, S M

    1995-07-01

    The making of space and place (architecture) requires cultural and financial consent as to societal value. Standards and values about the academic library of the immediate future are not always shared by librarians and architects; however, architects and librarians do possess several shared perceptions. Among these shared perceptions are that print collections will remain a primary function of libraries for the foreseeable future, flexibility in shelving arrangements are essential, adjacencies must be fluid, floor-to-floor heights should be generous, compact shelving has become commonplace, print and electronic media must coexist, and technology has not reduced library space requirements. Experience reinforces the continuing and increasing significance of the library on college and university campuses.

  5. RETHINKING THE COMPETENCIES OF INSTRUCTIONAL DESIGNERS AS INFORMATION ARCHITECTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ayse KOK

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, the author depicts how the work of the instructional designers can be re-thought within the framework of information architecture. The paper briefly provides an overview of the main definitions of the information architect along with the major information architecture designs by describing the changing landscape in more detail from the perspective of the Articulation theory. It then moves into a discussion of the similarities between an information architect and an instructional designer. The paper concludes that the instructional designers should adopt a multidisciplinary perspective in order to design effective learning spaces and that there must be a link between the information architecture and the previously un-articulated disciplines in order to develop a disciplinary identity of instructional designers.

  6. Architected Agile Solutions for Software-Reliant Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boehm, Barry; Lane, Jo Ann; Koolmanojwong, Supannika; Turner, Richard

    Systems are becoming increasingly reliant on software due to needs for rapid fielding of “70% capabilities,” interoperability, net-centricity, and rapid adaptation to change. The latter need has led to increased interest in agile methods of software development, in which teams rely on shared tacit interpersonal knowledge rather than explicit documented knowledge. However, such systems often need to be scaled up to higher level of performance and assurance, requiring stronger architectural support. Several organizations have recently transformed themselves by developing successful combinations of agility and architecture that can scale to projects of up to 100 personnel. This chapter identifies a set of key principles for such architected agile solutions for software-reliant systems, provides guidance for how much architecting is enough, and illustrates the key principles with several case studies.

  7. The role of architect in interdisciplinary collaborative design studios

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anja Jutraž

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Architectural design is a complex process involving different actors. While studying architecture, students usually work alone, and they do not have many opportunities to collaborate with other professions. Consequently, they end up lacking the knowledge regarding other professions, as well as regarding communic42ation and collaboration with other professionals. They become too proud of themselves, which eventually prevents them from engaging in active collaboration and accepting compromises. Furthermore, it is essential for their future professional careers that architects collaborate with other professions, adopt their ideas and requirements. Such collaboration is recommended from the early stages of the design process onwards. The main focus of this article is to determine the importance of interdisciplinary collaboration in architecture projects through the process of studying architecture, the role of the architect within this process, and the manner in which decisions are usually made within an interdisciplinary team. The following research is based on the AEC Global Teamwork Course, which took place during school years 2011/2012, 2012/2013 and 2013/2014, 2013 at Stanford University under the leadership of Prof. Dr. Renate Fruchter. Students from all around the world worked together on an architectural project from its initial stages. They met twice only: at the beginning and at the end of the project, otherwise they worked on a virtual basis, using different digital tools intended for long-distance interdisciplinary collaboration. There were three case studies examined for the purposes of this article in which the main focus was placed on architects, more specifically on the challenges and the problems they were facing, the knowledge architects gained through interdisciplinary collaboration, and lessons learned in such a course that could help them with their professional careers.

  8. Ernst Neufert, de grootste architect van de moderne wereld?

    OpenAIRE

    Oorschot, L.M.

    2012-01-01

    Het fenomeen standaardisering in de bouwindustrie en architectuur houdt de Amerikaans-Iraanse schrijver, curator en wetenschapper Nader Vossoughian uit New York al langer bezig. De recent verschenen nieuwste editie van de vuistdikke Bauentwurfslehre van Neufert is volgens hem exemplarisch voor hoe het fascisme gezicht geeft aan de globalisering. Volgens hem is Neufert verreweg de meest invloedrijke architect van de moderne wereld. Echter, is het verband tussen fascisme en standaardisering zo ...

  9. Architects' perspectives on construction waste reduction by design.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Osmani, M; Glass, J; Price, A D F

    2008-01-01

    The construction, demolition and excavation waste arising in England was estimated at 91 million tonnes in 2003. The current thinking on construction waste minimisation is heavily focussed on several issues relating to physical construction waste and recycling guides. Indeed, much had been published on ways to improve on-site waste management and recycling activities but very few attempts made to address the effect of design practices on waste generation. However, there is a consensus in the literature that the architect has a decisive role to play in helping to reduce waste by focussing on designing out waste. This paper examines previous studies on architects' approach towards construction waste minimisation; and by means of a postal questionnaire, investigates: the origins of waste; waste minimisation design practices in the UK; and responsibilities and barriers within the UK architectural profession. The findings reveal that waste management is not a priority in the design process. Additionally, the architects seemed to take the view that waste is mainly produced during site operations and rarely generated during the design stages; however, about one-third of construction waste could essentially arise from design decisions. Results also indicate that a number of constraints, namely: lack of interest from clients; attitudes towards waste minimisation; and training all act as disincentives to a proactive and sustainable implementation of waste reduction strategies during the design process.

  10. A pavilion for Constantin Meunier by architect Gaston Eysselinck (1929

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marc Dubois

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available At the end of the 19th century, the Belgian sculptor Constantin Meunier (1831-1905 had an international reputation. The main theme of his oeuvre is the working class. His sculptures were frequently exposed in different European cities. Two of his works were presented at the art biennale of Venice in 1907. The Ny Carlsberg Glytotek in Copenhagen possesses the largest collection of Meunier’s sculptures (48 pieces.In 1929, the S.C.A.B. (Société Centrale d’Architecture de Belgique, the national architects organisation, launched a competition for the "Monument au Travail", a monument that puts four reliefs and five sculptures together in Laken (Brussels. The architect Mario Knauer (1879-1948 was chosen to build the monument. The young architect Gaston Eysselinck (1907-1953 participated with a fascinating project, but was directly eliminated by the jury. What were the ideas of Eysselinck’s proposition? A pavilion with a roof garden and an open ceiling? A meditation space where the light enters, following the example of Dante’s Paradise? Or was he influenced by the German pavilion of Mies van der Rohe in Barcelona, built in the beginning of 1929?

  11. Analytical and clinical comparison of Elecsys syphilis (Roche(®)) - Architect syphilis TP and reformulated Architect syphilis TP (Abbott(®)) assay.

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Keukeleire, Steven; Desmet, Stefanie; Lagrou, Katrien; Oosterlynck, Julie; Verhulst, Manon; Van Besien, Jessica; Saegeman, Veroniek; Reynders, Marijke

    2017-03-01

    The performance of Elecsys Syphilis was compared to Architect Syphilis TP and Reformulated Architect Syphilis TP. The overall sensitivity and specificity were 98.4% and 99.5%, 97.7% and 97.1%, and 99.2% and 99.7% respectively. The assays are comparable and considered adequate for syphilis screening.

  12. The Architect's Dilemma: A Self Reflection in Understanding Prison Design and Construction in Private Prison Projects

    OpenAIRE

    Giustina Consoli

    2012-01-01

    Australia embarked upon a number of private prison projects during the 1990's. These projects involved the competitive bidding for prison projects by consortia, which generally consisted of a correctional operator, contractor and architect. The architect's role in such projects was to satisfy the needs and desires of the operator, contractor and government assessors.As a result, the architect became acritical element in the successful delivery of the prison projects.Intensive interviews with ...

  13. 3D manufacturing of micro and nano-architected materials

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valdevit, Lorenzo

    2016-04-01

    Reducing mass without sacrificing mechanical integrity and performance is a critical goal in a vast range of applications. Introducing a controlled amount of porosity in a strong and dense material (hence fabricating a cellular solid) is an obvious avenue to weight reduction. The mechanical effectiveness of this strategy, though, depends strongly on the architecture of the resulting cellular material (i.e., the topology of the introduced porosity). Recent progress in additive manufacturing enables fabrication of macro-scale cellular materials (both single-phase and hybrid) with unprecedented dimensional control on the unit-cell and sub-unit-cell features, potentially producing architectures with structural hierarchy from the nano to the macro-scale. As mechanical properties of materials often exhibit beneficial size effects at the nano-scale (e.g., strengthening of metals and toughening of ceramics), these novel manufacturing approaches provide a unique opportunity to translate these beneficial effects to the macro-scale, further improving the mechanical performance of architected materials. The enormous design space for architected materials, and the strong relationship between the topological features of the architecture and the effective physical and mechanical properties of the material at the macro-scale, present both a huge opportunity and an urgent need for the development of suitable optimal design strategies. Here we present a number of strategies for the advanced manufacturing, characterization and optimal design of a variety of lightweight architected materials with unique combinations of mechanical properties (stiffness, strength, damping coefficient…). The urgent need to form strong synergies among the fields of additive manufacturing, topology optimization and architectureproperties relations is emphasized throughout.

  14. Architecture and craftsmanship: Residential building "Kaldera", Banjaluka, architect Branislav Stojanovic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marić-Milašinović Dijana

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available The subjects of analysis were the multi-layered expressions applied by the author in designing the residential building in Banjaluka. These are foremost the site, the location, and the corner motif, as the building’s outstanding formal accents. Next is the analysis of the applied materials their treatment and the accomplished effects. The craftsmanship has been emphasised since it demanded a close cooperation of the architect and the craftsman. Furthermore, the interior organisation of this non-standard residential building has been elucidated.

  15. On-chip photonic interconnects a computer architect's perspective

    CERN Document Server

    Nitta, Christopher J; Akella, Venkatesh

    2013-01-01

    As the number of cores on a chip continues to climb, architects will need to address both bandwidth and power consumption issues related to the interconnection network. Electrical interconnects are not likely to scale well to a large number of processors for energy efficiency reasons, and the problem is compounded by the fact that there is a fixed total power budget for a die, dictated by the amount of heat that can be dissipated without special (and expensive) cooling and packaging techniques. Thus, there is a need to seek alternatives to electrical signaling for on-chip interconnection appli

  16. Quality Attributes for Mission Flight Software: A Reference for Architects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilmot, Jonathan; Fesq, Lorraine; Dvorak, Dan

    2016-01-01

    In the international standards for architecture descriptions in systems and software engineering (ISO/IEC/IEEE 42010), "concern" is a primary concept that often manifests itself in relation to the quality attributes or "ilities" that a system is expected to exhibit - qualities such as reliability, security and modifiability. One of the main uses of an architecture description is to serve as a basis for analyzing how well the architecture achieves its quality attributes, and that requires architects to be as precise as possible about what they mean in claiming, for example, that an architecture supports "modifiability." This paper describes a table, generated by NASA's Software Architecture Review Board, which lists fourteen key quality attributes, identifies different important aspects of each quality attribute and considers each aspect in terms of requirements, rationale, evidence, and tactics to achieve the aspect. This quality attribute table is intended to serve as a guide to software architects, software developers, and software architecture reviewers in the domain of mission-critical real-time embedded systems, such as space mission flight software.

  17. Transcultural itineraries of architect Milan Zloković

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Blagojević Ljiljana

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper looks in more detail into the biography of one of the most prominent modern architects in Serbia, Milan Zloković (1898, Trieste - 1965, Belgrade, by focusing on the multicultural contexts of his childhood, youth and education as possible sources of his particular creative disposition and habit of mind. The argument is centred on exploring the course of the architect's interests, impressions, and studies, as they changed over the years in the complex historical conditions of the opening decades of the twentieth century. The paper argues that experiences from this period formed what is termed as the identity of multiple geographies, which guided much of Zloković's predilection in his later architectural work, and provided a transcultural frame of reference and breadth to his research. Traced back and analyzed against the biographical facts and events, are excerpts from his later articles and scholarly papers, most notably the ones where he provides references to architectural history of, inter alia, Byzantine architecture in Macedonia, medieval Serbian architecture, Italian Baroque, or traditional architecture of Boka Kotorska. The aim of the research is to contribute to a broader understanding of the complex cultural basis and polyvalent discourse of Serbian modernism, in the foundation of which Milan Zloković had a decisive role.

  18. Conversation on brutalism: Interview with architect Branislav Jovin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alfirević Đorđe

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The emergence of Brutalism in Serbian architecture is mainly connected to the works of several architects, with Branislav Jovin being one of the most significant authors in this group. He is well-known for his project 'Belgrade Underground' and numerous other works, such as traffic intersection Mostar, the building of Institute of Urbanism Belgrade, New Belgrade Municipality building, etc. Jovin was equally successful as accomplished creator of ground floor architecture. His solutions for the pedestrian zone in Knez Mijalova Street and part of the Republic Square, the Sava River Quay and free space in front of Yugoslavia Hotel and the Congress Center Sava determined to a great deal the cosmopolitan character of Belgrade. When in 1970 he completed the building of Institute of Urbanism Belgrade, by using natural concrete as a tool to achieving expressiveness, Jovin, along with other architects - Mihajlo Mitrovic, Ivan Antic, Ljupko Curcic, Bozidar Jankovic, Branislav Karadzic, Aleksandar Stepanovic, laid the foundations for research of brutalist aesthetics in Serbia. Although majority of his works include urbanist-architectural projects and management of outdoor spaces, the inspiration for this interview came primarily from his architectural achievements. The aim of the interview was to emphasize the circumstances that led to emergence of brutalist tendencies in Serbian architecture, as well as to encourage further research of the brutalism aesthetics.

  19. 48 CFR 52.232-26 - Prompt payment for fixed-price architect-engineer contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ...-price architect-engineer contracts. 52.232-26 Section 52.232-26 Federal Acquisition Regulations System... Text of Provisions and Clauses 52.232-26 Prompt payment for fixed-price architect-engineer contracts. As prescribed in 32.908(a), insert the following clause: Prompt Payment for Fixed-Price...

  20. 48 CFR 836.209 - Construction contracts with architect-engineer firms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... with architect-engineer firms. 836.209 Section 836.209 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS SPECIAL CATEGORIES OF CONTRACTING CONSTRUCTION AND ARCHITECT-ENGINEER CONTRACTS Special Aspects of Contracting for Construction 836.209 Construction contracts with...

  1. 48 CFR 53.301-252 - Standard Form 252, Architect-Engineer Contract.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Standard Form 252, Architect-Engineer Contract. 53.301-252 Section 53.301-252 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL..., Architect-Engineer Contract. EC01MY91.035 EC01MY91.036...

  2. 48 CFR 1436.209 - Construction contracts with architect-engineer firms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... with architect-engineer firms. 1436.209 Section 1436.209 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR SPECIAL CATEGORIES OF CONTRACTING CONSTRUCTION AND ARCHITECT-ENGINEER CONTRACTS Special Aspects of Contracting for Construction 1436.209 Construction contracts with...

  3. 7 CFR 1753.18 - Engineer and architect contract closeout certifications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 11 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Engineer and architect contract closeout... PROCEDURES Engineering Services § 1753.18 Engineer and architect contract closeout certifications. A... accordance with accepted professional engineering and architectural practice, by the engineer or...

  4. 48 CFR 436.209 - Construction contracts with architect-engineer firms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... with architect-engineer firms. 436.209 Section 436.209 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SPECIAL CATEGORIES OF CONTRACTING CONSTRUCTION AND ARCHITECT-ENGINEER CONTRACTS Special Aspects of Contracting for Construction 436.209 Construction contracts with...

  5. Mobile Augmented Reality Support for Architects based on feature Tracking Techniques

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Grønbæk, Kaj; Nielsen, Mikkel Bang; Kramp, Gunnar

    2004-01-01

    This paper presents a mobile Augmented Reality (AR) system called the SitePack supporting architects in visualizing 3D models in real-time on site. We describe how vision based feature tracking techniques can help architects making decisions on site concerning visual impact assessment. The AR...

  6. 48 CFR 952.236 - Construction and architect-engineer contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Construction and architect-engineer contracts. 952.236 Section 952.236 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY... Construction and architect-engineer contracts....

  7. The Bratsk Organization of the Union of Architects of Russia: A Short Excursion to the History

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Victoria Astrakhantseva

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The article presents the history of the Bratsk Organization of the Union of Architects of Russia, from formation of the Bratsk Branch of the Union of Architects of the USSR in 1974 and its transformation into an independent organization in 1992, until the present time.

  8. 48 CFR 53.236-2 - Architect-engineer services (SF's 252 and 330).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Architect-engineer... ACQUISITION REGULATION (CONTINUED) CLAUSES AND FORMS FORMS Prescription of Forms 53.236-2 Architect-engineer services (SF's 252 and 330). The following forms are prescribed for use in contracting for...

  9. The Nigerian Institute of Architects' Professional Practice Examination: Conceptions, Misconceptions and the Way Forward

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bobadoye, Sunday A.; Afolami, Adewale J.; Olabode, Ogunmakinde; Aribisala, Emmanuel E.

    2013-01-01

    This study examined the link between the Nigeria Institute of Architects and the Architects Registration Council of Nigeria (ARCON) with respect to the Professional Practice Examinations (PPE). It sought to establish why so many graduates are yet to write the PPE and to identify the perceptions about the examination and the professional…

  10. 76 FR 21851 - Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement; Construction and Architect-Engineer Services...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-19

    ... Regulation Supplement; Construction and Architect-Engineer Services Performance Evaluation (DFARS Case 2010... construction and architect-engineer services. DATES: Comments on the proposed rule should be submitted in... requirement to use DoD-unique forms to document contractor past performance for construction and...

  11. CAFCR : A multi-view method for embedded systems architecting : Balancing genericity and specificity : Proefschrift

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Muller, G.J.

    2004-01-01

    This document addresses the way an architect can do his work. It shows many tools that belong to the architect toolkit: The CAFCR model, tools per 5 views (Customer Objectives, Application, Functional, Conceptual and Realization), Qualities, Story telling and Reasoning in multiple dimensions

  12. 76 FR 55389 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; Submission for OMB Review; Architect-Engineer Qualifications (SF...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-07

    ... Register at 76 FR 20351, on April 12, 2011. One comment was received. General Comment A respondent... Regulation; Submission for OMB Review; Architect-Engineer Qualifications (SF 330) AGENCIES: Department of... Architect-Engineer Qualifications form (SF 330). Public comments are particularly invited on: Whether...

  13. Mobile Augmented Reality Support for Architects Based on Feature Tracking Techniques

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bang Nielsen, Michael; Kramp, Gunnar; Grønbæk, Kaj

    2004-01-01

    This paper presents a mobile AR system called the SitePack supporting architects in annotating and visualizing models in real-time. We describe examples of how the SitePack visualization techniques help architects making decisions on site. One example is the effect of vegetation heights on the ho...

  14. Textiles in the Material Practice of Architects – Opportunities, Challenges and Ways of Stimulating Use

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wærsted, Elisabeth Heimdal; Lenau, Torben Anker; Brandt, Eva

    This dissertation reports on a design research project about textiles in the material practice of architects. Targeting practicing architects, its aim is to understand how textiles are currently part of their material practice, factors influencing their use and non-use of textiles, and how...... awareness of their benefits may be raised. The project’s three research questions are thus: 1) How are textiles currently used by architects? 2) Which challenges to the use of textiles in architecture can be found in the material practice of architects? 3) How can the use of textiles in architecture...... be stimulated? Based on Donald Schön’s view of design as reflective practice, material practice is defined as how architects work with, choose and apply materials. To reach the aim, the project integrates literature from material science, engineering design, textile engineering and design, as well...

  15. 48 CFR 252.236-7011 - Overseas architect-engineer services-Restriction to United States firms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Overseas architect... SOLICITATION PROVISIONS AND CONTRACT CLAUSES Text of Provisions And Clauses 252.236-7011 Overseas architect... provision: Overseas Architect-Engineer Services—Restriction to United States Firms (JAN 1997) (a)...

  16. 75 FR 13422 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; FAR Case 2008-015, Payments Under Fixed-Price Architect-Engineer...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-19

    ... Federal Acquisition Regulation; FAR Case 2008-015, Payments Under Fixed-Price Architect-Engineer Contracts... Architect-Engineer Contracts, currently requires contracting officers to withhold 10 percent of the amounts... payment withheld to apply under fixed-price architect-engineer (A-E) contracts (based on an assessment...

  17. Universal Design and Continuing Professional Development for Architects: An Irish Case Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shea, Eoghan C O; Basnak, Megan; Bucholz, Merritt; Steinfeld, Edward

    2016-01-01

    The Tomar Resolution urged that all occupations working in the built environment be educated in the principles and measures of Universal Design in order to facilitate all people playing a full role in society. For Architects and Architectural Technologists, under-graduate education will continue to have a major role to play. At the same time in the Republic of Ireland, and in an ever-growing number of other jurisdictions, Continuous Professional Development (CPD) is a requirement for all Architects and Architectural Technologists and can significantly affect knowledge, skill and competence in a number of subjects including Universal Design. This paper looks at the results of a recent survey of Architects and Architectural Technologists practising in Ireland, architectural educators, and client bodies that sought to assess the following: 1. How inherent is Universal Design knowledge to current building design practice? 2. What are the current Universal Design education and training needs of Architects and Architectural Technologists practising in Ireland? 3. Which Universal Design themes and topics are of most interest to Architects and Architectural Technologists practising in Ireland? 4. To what extent does existing CPD for Architects and Architectural Technologists practising in Ireland address Universal Design topics? 5. What can motivate Architects and Architectural Technologists practising in Ireland to access Universal Design CPD? 6. What are the most effective means by which to deliver Universal Design CPD to Architects and Architectural Technologists practising in Ireland? The survey discussed in this paper is one phase of a longer study aimed at providing a research base for developing CPD in Universal Design for Architects and Architectural Technologists practising in Ireland.

  18. Architectural Trend of the Epoch: Architect Chernyshev as a bright representative of the Siberian Modern

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olga Uspenskaya

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available The article is about a bright representative of the Siberian Modern, Leonid Alexandrovich Chernyshev, who made a great contribution to the development of Krasnoyarsk city architecture. On the initiative of the Board of the Krasnoyarsk regional organization of the Union of Architects of Russia the year 2015 in Krasnoyarsk was announced the Year of the Architect Chernyshev to commemorate his 140th anniversary. During the anniversary year several important events will be held to demonstrate the architect’s creative heritage both to architects and citizens.

  19. portrait of the architect Vladimir Bukh (1935-2013

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena Grigoryeva

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Bukh, the maximalist, as some of his friends called him.Then a more appropriate word was found – perfectionist.He aimed at perfection in everything he did. Be it town planning, municipal administration, work for a non-governmental organization Union of Architects of Russia, or creating a journal.The headwater area has always been and remains the best residential area ever built in recent history of Irkutsk.Irkutsk has never seen such a clever and honest chief architect. He has done so much to develop the city in the right and progressive direction and to promote high quality architecture.Andrei Bokov’s words can be related to Vladimir Bukh’s activity: “Everything that excites a fair and natural envy, the best examples of the second heroic epoch of the Russian-Soviet architecture, belong to Irkutsk architecture of the 1970s: orientation towards the future (but not the past, bigness of volumes and ideas, restraint, strictness, honesty, courage, persistency and strength.Irkutsk experience… was accumulated by young people, who were energetic, ambitious, lucky, captivating, talented and highly professional.”For several decades Bukh was a member of the Board of the Irkutsk organization of the Union of Architects of the USSR and then of Russia. The expression “to work with feeling” can be fully applied to Bukh. To do your job the right way. To do it according to your conscience. When he quitted the Board after demolition of the House on the Legs, it became clear that he was indispensable. He took to heart all town planning mistakes of the 1990s and 2000s. Pavlov’s death, demolition of the House on the Legs, legal proceedings, Nina’s death left scars on his heart.His daughter Lesya, grandchildren Nikita and Nastya, and great grandson Matvey are continuation of his life. All we, his colleagues and friends, can do is try to keep to his understanding of what is right and what is wrong. And to keep memory

  20. Architecting Cloud-Enabled Systems: A Systematic Survey of Challenges and Solutions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Chauhan, Aufeef; Babar, Muhammad Ali; Benatallah, Boualem

    2016-01-01

    The literature on the challenges of and potential solutions to architecting cloud-based systems is rapidly growing, but is scattered. It is important to systematically analyze and synthesize the existing research on architecting cloud-based software systems in order to build a cohesive body...... enabled us to identify 44 unique categories of challenges and associated solutions for architecting cloud-based software systems. We assert that the identified challenges and solutions classified into the categories form a body of knowledge that can be leveraged for designing or evaluating software...... architectures for cloud-based systems. Our key conclusions are that a large number of primary studies focus on middleware services aimed at achieving scalability, performance, response time and efficient resource optimization. Architecting cloud-based systems presents unique challenges as the systems...

  1. Architect and engineering costs at Los Alamos and Sandia National Laboratories

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-08-01

    The objective of this audit was to determine whether architect and engineering (A-E) costs at Los Alamos National Laboratory and Sandia National Laboratories were reasonable in comparison with industry standards.

  2. The Trattato as Textbook: Francesco di Giorgio’s Vision for the Renaissance Architect

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elizabeth Mays Merrill

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available In fifteenth-century Italy, the architect’s role lacked definition. The classical conception of the architect — the distinguished professional lauded by Vitruvius and Cicero, as theoretically versed as he was technically skilled — had faded in the medieval period. Even the term ‘'architectus'’, with its powerful connotations of creation and authorship, had fallen out of use (Kostof 1977: 60–61. Furthermore, there was no standard of training or apprenticeship for the architect. Depending on the context, the engineer, carpenter, patron, or building administrator might be considered the building’s architect (Hollingsworth 1984: 385–410. On the role of the architect in the Italian Renaissance and the development of an architectural profession, see Ackerman 1991, Ettlinger 1977, and Wilkinson 1977. But beginning around 1400, numerous artists, scholars, and patrons began to express the need for an established architectural profession.

  3. Architecting Secure Web Services using Model Driven Agile Modeling

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr.B.Padmaja Rani,

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available The importance of the software security has been profound, since most attacks to software systems are based on vulnerabilities caused by poorly designed and developed software. Design flaws account for fifty percent of security problems and risk analysis plays essential role in solid security problems. Service Web Services are an integral part of next generation Web applications. The development and use of these services is growing at an incredible rate, and so too security issues surrounding them. If the history of inter-application communication repeats itself, the ease with which web services architectures publish information about applications across thenetwork is only going to result in more application hacking. At the very least, it’s going to put an even greater burden on web architects and developers to design and write secure code. Developing specification like WS-Security should be leveraged as secure maturity happens over firewalls. In this paper, we want to discuss security architectures design patterns for Service Oriented Web Services. Finally, we validated this by implementing a case study of a Service Oriented Web Services application StockTrader Security using WS-Security and WS-Secure Conversation.

  4. [The architects of change: a plenary session exchange].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berghmans, Luc; Bouchard, Louise; Lorenzo, Philippe; O'Neill, Michel; Potvin, Louise

    2014-03-01

    The closing plenary of the colloquium was an occasion for exchange between the four panelists and the participants. The panelists included Luc Berghmans, a doctor and director of the regional health observatory of Hainaut, Belgium; Louise Bouchard, a sociologist and professor in the Sociology and Anthropology Department, University of Ottawa, Canada; Michel O’Neill, a sociologist and professor at the Faculty of Nursing Sciences, Laval University, Quebec City, Canada; and Philippe Lorenzo, director general of IREPS, the regional bureau for health education and promotion of Picardie in Amiens, France. Louise Potvin, who moderated the plenary, provides the summary that follows. During the colloquium, three main questions were debated: 1. At what point should health be placed at the forefront of local actions, if we wish to promote the values of equity? 2. How should actions at the local, regional, national and global levels be organized and articulated? Who are the partners, and what forms of governance need to be put into place? 3. What are the parameters needed in order to define the roles, tasks and competencies of the implementers of local and regional health programs, the architects of change? Each panelist had to respond to two out of the three questions. We report on the answers that panelists gave to these questions. As it is impossible to verify the exactitude of information given by audience members in support of their viewpoints, only the content of the remarks is given, without mentioning the examples that were provided.

  5. From Building Blocks to Architects Empowering Learners for Success

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reyes Juana Mahissa

    2002-08-01

    Full Text Available Although our ultimate goal is to enable our learners to become autonomous and efficient in their use of the foreign language, whether or not they have the opportunity to ever live and interact in a foreign language setting, our work as teachers must involve a conscious analysis of the different factors involved in this process, as well as the conscious effort to put all the intervening factors into action. Furthermore, it is our responsibility to develop the learners¿ thinking skills as they increase their competence in the target language and at the same time make them aware of their responsibility for their own processes and success by enhancing their autonomy and making them aware of the value of learning strategies. It is our task as teachers to be present on this journey and guide our learners towards becoming architects and masters of their own foreign language construct. In order for this journey to be a successful one, we must make sure we provide the learner with a correct supply of building blocks. In this paper we present an analysis of the main components comprised in teaching English as a foreign language, including a historical overview of methods, approaches, strategies, the concept of learner¿s autonomy, social and psychological factors, aiming at contributing to every teacher¿s reflection on his/her task in the school context.

  6. CONTEMPORARY DEBATES ON THE EDUCATION OF ARCHITECTS – SELECTED EXAMPLES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Branislav Folić

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Analytic research on changes in architectural education at global and local level aims to propose adaptation in accordance with new social conditions. In order to create a basis for understanding and applying the latest standards in the architectural education, various examples of published criticism were selected and analyzed. The most analyzed topics are related to the design studios which are seen as the backbone of architectural education. The paper gives an overview of the following topics: Critical review of the educational reforms in the late sixties and early seventies of XX century; Interrelations of theory, practice and education, and importance of architectural research as a new form of practice; Increase in the number of research studios and design-build workshops with an empirical approach to education of architects; Participation of green architecture themes in the curriculum; Landscape urbanism as a synthesis of disciplines that are used in the higher level of study. This review should open a dialogue that contributes to solving the dilemma of existing educational reform at regional and local levels. The research does not lead to a final solution, but it opens the possibility of choice.

  7. The Architect's Dilemma: A Self Reflection in Understanding Prison Design and Construction in Private Prison Projects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giustina Consoli

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Australia embarked upon a number of private prison projects during the 1990's. These projects involved the competitive bidding for prison projects by consortia, which generally consisted of a correctional operator, contractor and architect. The architect's role in such projects was to satisfy the needs and desires of the operator, contractor and government assessors.As a result, the architect became acritical element in the successful delivery of the prison projects.Intensive interviews with such architects have shown that a number of issues were experienced as a result of their inclusion in the projects.These architects reported: (a uncertainty in undertaking large specialist projects,(b grappling with their own expectations and those of other participating parties as to the role of the prison architect, (c a desire to acquire a working knowledge of the philosophies of incarceration and prison design and construction, and (d difficulties in working within an environment where suspicions were raised in regards to conflicting and underlying objectives of the operators and contractors.

  8. Chronicle of the Irkutsk Organization of the Union of Architects of the USSR-RF

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lyutsian Antipin

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available The Irkutsk Organization of the Union of Architects is 80. Our journal has published many articles and special issues about foundation, different life stages and prominent architects of the organization.As it is known, the Russian history of voluntary creative unions of registered architects and specialists takes origin from the Moscow Architectural Society with the Charter of 27 October 1876. Then followed the Saint Petersburg Society of Architects, and later on creative unions of architects, artists and civil engineers were established in different cities. In the XIXth century the present Union was initiated by such eminent masters as M. D. Bykovsky and F. O. Shekhtel followed by K. S. Alabyan and many other celebrities.The unions of architects have made a considerable contribution to research and development of architectural design and construction, and to cultural heritage protection. Numerous competitions were of particular importance. Their results are buildings that have gone down in history of architecture of the XXth century.

  9. Differences in Architects and Nonarchitects' Perception of Urban Design: An Application of Kansei Engineering Techniques

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carmen Llinares

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available We analyse architects and nonarchitects' emotional assessments of different districts in their own city (Valencia, Spain by applying Kansei engineering techniques. A field study was carried out on a sample of 140 subjects (70 architects and 70 nonarchitects who were asked to express their opinions on different areas in the city. The set of emotional impressions used by architects and non-architects to describe their sensations was obtained using differential semantics. The semantic space was described by 9 independent axis which explained 62% of the variability. Then, for each collective the set of impressions which influence the final residential or investment area decision was analysed. This relationship was obtained applying linear regression models. The results showed no significant differences between both groups so that the emotional attributes determining the choice of area were very similar for architects and non-architects. Greater discrepancies were found when the purpose of the choice was investment and not residential. Finally a neighbourhood was semantically profiled to represent and compare both collectives' perceptions.

  10. Space and energy: relationships among architects from nature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvia Titotto

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available This research reflects on the possibility of architecture eco-sustainable development from the point of view of energy, space and environmental heritage, based on the constructive process of some species of social wasps (Hymenoptera and termites (Isoptera. It aimed at understanding via computational modelling and physical prototipation how their spacial design is developed by the “architect-insects” while they build their nests in nature as a way of preserving their bio-cultural heritage besides exploring other possibilites of eco-sustainable technological innovation within low energy consumption. The present work has been made to complement and converge the researches made both in the biomimicry area and the energy field by presenting how one can adapt the solutions in the built space of wasp nests and termite mounds that can be used in many ways at human constructions. Departing from some remarkable work done by entomologists, biologists and engineers, it was possible to get to structural details and how these tiny creatures build their dwellings little by little while they work as a united civilization. After getting to these details, strenghts and weaknesses were reported and one searched similar architectural human solutions for topics such as the crafting work on the surface of the buildings, the ventilation system created by the termites and the improvement of living spaces. By following the life of these little creatures and seeing how they can behave similarly to a human society up to an extent, one notes that one might learn and find architectural solutions by better understanding wasps and termites form-function challenges.

  11. Fred Tschopp, Landscape Architect: The American Practice 1938 - 1970

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John P Adam

    2004-06-01

    Full Text Available Fred Tschopp, a Swiss-American landscape architect practised in both New Zealand and America from the 1920s to 1970. While in New Zealand (1929-1932, Tschopp worked in Auckland, Wellington and Rotorua. Tschopp's projects in New Zealand represent a new form of practice, a modernist approach to the practise of landscape architecture. We argue that Tschopp's work is a break from conventional landscape design practice in New Zealand during the 1920s and 1930s. He introduced three important ideas; the first was the idea of the park as a multi-functional space that accommodates a wide range of community needs, sport, education and productive horticulture. The second were ideas of a new discipline, planning, which had developed from the landscape architectural programme at Harvard University. The third idea was a regionalist sensibility, influenced by his earlier projects for the Theodore Payne nursery in Los Angeles. Tschopp insisted on the uses of indigenous New Zealand plants in many of his New Zealand projects, notably his work for Parliament grounds and the Rotorua plan. On Tschopp's return to America he began working for the giant California water and power utility, the Los Angeles Department of Water and Power (LADWP. For over 30 years Tschopp was responsible for the design, implementation, and maintenance of over 30 landscapes; reservoirs, storage tanks, and pumping stations, as part the vast infrastructure of the LADWP. This paper describes and discusses Tschopp's landscape practice at the LADWP and outlines Tschopp's career, examining in detail two particular areas of practice. Our contention is that Tschopp abandons his interest in the regional and, instead, develops one particular aspect of modernist practice, functionalism. We explore some of the ways writers and designers of landscape architecture have engaged with functionalism and finish by framing Tschopp's practice within this somewhat neglected aspect of the modern landscape.

  12. The low-income single-family house and the effectiveness of architects in affecting affordability

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ron Dulaney Jr.

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Architects are increasingly engaged in efforts to provide affordable, owner-occupied housing in the United States. Yet architects’ roles in broadly addressing affordable housing remain marginal as was anecdotally evident by the absence of architects at a recent university-sponsored affordable housing workshop. Apparently, the potential contributions of architects in “the development of innovative approaches and best practices” related to affordable, owner-occupied housing is not always valued to housing policymakers and planners such as those who organized this workshop. This paper speculatively explores the gap between the potential value of architects and their actual effectiveness at realizing widespread relevancy, innovation, and change in improving the quality and attainability of affordable, owner occupied housing and how this gap may contribute to the undervaluation and marginalization of architects’ efforts to address affordable housing needs in the United States. Case studies of several recent U.S. house design competitions exemplify these gaps. Potential strategies for closing these gaps and thus appreciating the value of architects’ efforts in this endeavor are identified.To become central in providing much-needed affordable, owner-occupied housing, architects must make the value of their potential contributions evident. This requires a clear definition of design goals, a rigorous assessment of built projects, and the thorough dissemination of findings and methodologies. Architects must engage those fields to which they have, in the U.S., long relinquished affordable, single-family housing. Architects must demonstrate that qualitative design improvements are not just possible within the frameworks and agendas of those other fields but that good design will better enable the achievement of those extra-disciplinary goals.

  13. Structural equation modeling analysis of factors influencing architects' trust in project design teams

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    DING Zhi-kun; NG Fung-fai; WANG Jia-yuan

    2009-01-01

    This paper describes a structural equation modeling (SEM) analysis of factors influencing architects' trust in project design teams. We undertook a survey of architects, during which we distributed 193 questionnaires in 29 A-level architectural We used Amos 6.0 for SEM to identify significant personal construct based factors affecting interpersonal trust. The results show that only social interaction between architects significantly affects their interpersonal trust. The explained variance of trust is not very high in the model. Therefore, future research should add more factors into the current model. The practical implication is that team managers should promote the social interactions between team members such that the interpersonal trust level between team members can be improved.

  14. Adoption of innovations in building construction: Hindrances and actor influence as perceived by Swedish architects

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hemstroem, Kerstin; Mahapatra, Krushna (Mid Sweden University, Oestersund (Sweden)); Gustavsson, Leif (Linnaeus University, Vaexjoe (Sweden); Mid Sweden University, Oestersund (Sweden))

    2011-07-01

    A better understanding of general hindrances to the diffusion of innovations in the construction sector may help to improve the energy efficiency of buildings. This study uses a web-based questionnaire to collect information on Swedish architects' perceptions of hindrances to the adoption of innovations in building construction. The responding architects characterise the Swedish construction industry as having a low level of innovativeness. The most influential hindrances to innovativeness were perceived as the focus on project costs instead of life-cycle costs, the economic risks that innovations imply, the focus on traditional engineering models, the construction industry's tendency to use proven materials and methods, and contractors' inability to adjust processes. In terms of the involved actors, construction clients were perceived to have the greatest influence on innovativeness, and stronger cooperation between the architect and construction client was recognised as important to facilitate innovativeness

  15. Criteria for architect selection and satisfaction among first-time private sector clients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adedapo Adewunmi Oluwatayo

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available For sustained profitability, architects must position themselves to attract new clients. This involves understanding potential clients’ choices and how these might impact on subsequent satisfaction. The study ranked criteria for architect selection and how these predict satisfaction among first-time private sector clients in Lagos, Nigeria. Data from a questionnaire survey were analysed using descriptive statistics, relative importance index and categorical regression, identifying timely delivery, cost of service and quality of previous services as the most important criteria. Although personal relationship has been said to influence selection of a professional service provider, this criterion was found to be of relatively low importance here. To attract private sector clients, architects should prioritise improved service delivery and construction skill development.

  16. Smart Cities need architects; Las Smart Cities necesita a los arquitectos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lahoz Palacio, C. F.

    2016-07-01

    Architects and urban planners have always been at the forefront of technical and social innovation processes, researching and proposing new urban models and buildings based on cognitive materials from both their own and other fields of knowledge. In fact, current society, including our ways of life and habits, could not be comprehended without the open, curious minds and progressive even defiant attitudes of architects such as Brunelleschi, Violletle- Duc, Perret, Le Corbusier and Fuller, who defied the threshold of conceptual and vital convention and staked everything on exploring and applying the characteristic technological breakthroughs of their day to architecture and the design of cities. (Author)

  17. Is bioclimatic architecture a new style of design? A letter to a young architect

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tombazis, Alexandros N. [Meletitiki - Alexandros N. Tombazis and Associates Architects Ltd., Polydroso-Athens (Greece)

    2008-07-01

    The paper presents a series of thoughts on what architecture is all about in the form of a letter from a ''grandpa'' architect to young architects. The letter touches the subjects of architecture, sustainability and energy efficient design, learning from tradition, the relation of architecture to the other arts, the use of technology and mechanical installations, the holistic approach to design, the elements of which architecture is composed, the constraints in architectural design, the notion of ''less is beautiful'' and many more, giving in this way some food for thought for the younger generations. (orig.)

  18. Managing multi-architect collaborative design: case study of design competition for Ground Zero in New York

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sebastian, R.

    2006-01-01

    This paper presents a part of the PhD research by the author that responds to the need of an innovative approach to manage collaborative design in the conceptual design phase of a multi-architect building project. The research studied recent multi-architect building projects in the Netherlands, name

  19. 48 CFR 227.7107-1 - Architectural designs and data clauses for architect-engineer or construction contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... designs and data clauses for architect-engineer or construction contracts. (a) Except as provided in... construction involving architect-engineer services, is to obtain a unique architectural design of a building, a... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Architectural designs...

  20. Focusing on natural elements in the early design process, new potentials for architects?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sjøstedt, Victoria

    2010-01-01

    There is a large body of research on environmental planning, but a shortage of means for architects to implement environmental concerns in the early design process. This paper investigates the potentials of a more elaborated and conscious use of natural elements in the early design process. Natural...

  1. An Architect's Perspective--How to Encourage Genuine Innovation in Library Design

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nimmo, Andrew

    2012-01-01

    Libraries have undergone an extraordinary transformation over the last twenty years--from glorified book warehouse to interactive learning environment. For an architect they are currently amongst the most exciting projects to be commissioned to design. Innovation and "Next Generation" are the buzz words. However instead of exploring a first…

  2. 48 CFR 853.236 - Construction and architect-engineer contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Construction and architect-engineer contracts. 853.236 Section 853.236 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS CLAUSES AND FORMS FORMS Prescription of Forms 853.236 Construction and...

  3. European multicenter analytical evaluation of the Abbott ARCHITECT STAT high sensitive troponin I immunoassay

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Krintus, Magdalena; Kozinski, Marek; Boudry, Pascal

    2014-01-01

    high sensitive cardiac troponin I (hs-cTnI) assay and its 99th percentile upper reference limit (URL). METHODS: Laboratories from nine European countries evaluated the ARCHITECT STAT high sensitive troponin I (hs-TnI) immunoassay on the ARCHITECT i2000SR/i1000SR immunoanalyzers. Imprecision, limit...... hs-cTnI assay and contemporary cTnI assay at 99th percentile cut-off was found to be 95%. TnI was detectable in 75% and 57% of the apparently healthy population using the lower (1.1 ng/L) and upper (1.9 ng/L) limit of the LoD range provided by the ARCHITECT STAT hs-TnI package insert, respectively....... The 99th percentile values were gender dependent. CONCLUSIONS: The new ARCHITECT STAT hs-TnI assay with improved analytical features meets the criteria of high sensitive Tn test and will be a valuable diagnostic tool....

  4. 48 CFR 53.236 - Construction and architect-engineer contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Construction and architect-engineer contracts. 53.236 Section 53.236 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION (CONTINUED) CLAUSES AND FORMS FORMS Prescription of Forms 53.236 Construction and...

  5. Enabling Reuse of Documentation in New Medical Device Development: A Systematic Architecting Approach

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Troels Victor; Parslov, Jakob Filippson; Mortensen, Niels Henrik

    2015-01-01

    presented in this paper are based on a two-year empirical case study of a European manufacturer of arterial blood gas (ABG) sampling devices. The core contribution of this paper is a systematic architecting approach that applies the concept of a delta-multi-domain matrix (ΔMDM) to support companies...

  6. Identifying and Describing Tutor Archetypes: The Pragmatist, the Architect, and the Surveyor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harootunian, Jeff A.; Quinn, Robert J.

    2008-01-01

    In this article, the authors identify and anecdotally describe three tutor archetypes: the pragmatist, the architect, and the surveyor. These descriptions, based on observations of remedial mathematics tutors at a land-grant university, shed light on a variety of philosophical beliefs regarding and pedagogical approaches to tutoring. An analysis…

  7. Visualisering van veranderingen in het landschap. Een computer-ondersteund ontwerpinstrument voor de (landschaps)architect.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Roos-Klein Lankhorst, J.

    1989-01-01

    Important parts of a landscape architect's work are designing new developments in the landscape, predicting the visual impact of future actions, and advising on how to fit new elements into the environment. To perform these tasks, he must know how certain design decisions will change the landscape.

  8. Prioritizing quality over profit: Value trade-offs within architect-client relations

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bos-De Vos, M.; Volker, L.; Wamelink, J.W.F.

    2015-01-01

    Architectural service delivery involves a complex system of economic and quality related value dimensions, which are mutually dependent and prioritized differently by actors. Responding to professional logics as well as organizational logics, value creation goals of architects and clients are multid

  9. Architecting product diversification - Formalizing variability dependencies in software product family engineering

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jaring, M; Bosch, J; Ehrich, HD; Schewe, KD

    2004-01-01

    In a software product family context, software architects design architectures that support product diversification in both space (multiple contexts) and time (changing contexts). Product diversification is based on the concept of variability: a single architecture and a set of components support a

  10. Architect Critical Challenges as a Project Manager in Construction Projects: A Case Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammadreza Yadollahi

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available All construction professionals such as civil, mechanical, and electrical engineers, quantity surveyors, and architects have important roles in the construction process. Among these, architects are frequently appointed as a project manager (PM. The role of a PM will drive the success of the projects implementation. Therefore, the capability of an architect as a PM (ArPM is critical in reducing challenges encountered. Accordingly, the identification of these challenges is an important task in selecting an appropriate ArPM. The aim of this study is to identify the most critical challenges faced by an ArPM for construction projects. The data were collected through questionnaires and interviews with architects and professionals in the Malaysian construction industry. Because of the fuzziness and uncertainty of subjective responses, Fuzzy Set Ttheory is applied to identify critical challenges. A total of 65 questionnaires were distributed and 36 questionnaires were returned. The results revealed that the critical challenges faced by an ArPM are “poor planning,” “unfamiliar technology,” “unfamiliarity with green buildings and materials,” “inappropriate scheduling,” and “poor workmanship.” All critical challenges were then categorized into six main groups including technical, managerial, personal skills, contractual, psychological, and financial.

  11. The prequalified competition - how are architects appointed to invited architectural competitions?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Magnus Rönn

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available This article presents results from a study of prequalification in architectural competitions. The aim is to develop knowledge of how the organizer appoints candidates to invited competitions. Prequalification is a selection procedure used early in the competition process to identifysuitable candidates for the following design phase. Usually three to six teams are invited to develop design proposals. The overall research question in the study is about how organizers identify architects / design teams for competitions with limited participation. The methodology includes an inventory of competitions, case studies, document review and interviews of key-persons. Ten municipal and governmental competitions have been examined in the study. There are 375 applications from design teams in the competitions. 43 architect firms/teams (11 % have been invited. In five of the ten competitions 19 informants have reported their experiences of prequalification. The informants responded to an interview guide with questions on the background of the competition, development of the invitation, and the need for information about the candidates, assessment process and experience from the selection of architects / design teams. The invitation emerges during negotiation at the organizing body, which includes discussion with the Swedish Association of Architects.General conditions, submission requirements and criteria for the evaluation of applications by architect firms are part of an established practice. All clients have an assessment procedure made up of two distinct stages. First they check whether applications meet the specific “must requirements” in the invitation. Thereafter follows an evaluative assessment of the candidate’s professional profile, which is based on the criteria in the invitation. Reference projects and information from the referees are important sources of information in this stage. Decisivein the final assessment is the organizer

  12. Daylighting simulation : comparison of softwares for architect's utilization

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Christakou, D.E.; Amorim, C.N.D. [Brazil Univ., Brasilia (Brazil). Faculty of Architecture and Urbanism

    2005-07-01

    This study analyzed and compared 4 daylighting software packages to determine the primary benefits and limits of each one, while considering the priorities for the use of the software by architects. The complex task of daylight simulation is an important step in designing buildings, particularly when the main objective is comfort and energy conservation. Simulation is not yet commonly practiced by professional architects because of the complexities of various software packages, the lack of user friendly interfaces and difficulty in interpreting results. The 4 software packages that were evaluated in this study were: (1) Desktop Radiance, (2) Rayfront, (3) Relux 2004 Vision, and (4) Lightscape. Criteria such as interfaces, flexibility, and help manuals were also analyzed in an effort to establish a frame of the main points to be considered when choosing daylighting software for architectural use, both in educational and office environments. Simulations of a test room were performed in which some parameters were modified to verify the performance of the following main criteria: flexibility in adapting to the architect's workflow; the use of state of the art algorithms; numerical precision; and, access possibility by Brazilian architects. The results demonstrate the potential of software's improvement, particular in terms of user interfaces and help manuals. The study showed that Relux 2004 Vision is the most adequate for architect's use. Rayfront and Desktop Radiance presented more difficulties in the design process, but Desktop Radiance had the advantage of being enclosed in AUTOCAD, a well known interface. Lightscape had a user friendly interface but was not as intuitive as Relux. It was concluded that the ideal daylighting simulation software does not yet exist. The ideal software should integrate diverse factors and combine edition and modeling tools beyond luminous evaluation and thermal consequences of daylight use. 5 refs., 3 tabs., 4 figs.

  13. Alcatel-Lucent Service Routing Architect (SRA) self-study guide preparing for the BGP, VPRN and Multicast exams

    CERN Document Server

    Warnock, Glenn; Shaheen, Ghassan

    2015-01-01

    A comprehensive resource for professionals preparing for Alcatel-Lucent Service Routing Architect (SRA) certification Networking professionals are taking note of Alcatel-Lucent and its quick ascent in the networking and telecom industries. IP networking professionals looking for a comprehensive guide to obtaining the Alcatel-Lucent Service Routing Architect (SRA) certification will be pleased to learn of this new publication, Alcatel-Lucent Service Routing Architect (SRA) Self-Study Guide: Preparing for the BGP, VPRN and Multicast Exams. The book comprises approximately 2,600 pages of print a

  14. Integrated Design - A Set of Competences and Skills Required by Systems and Product Architects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Riel, Andreas

    The role of Systems and Product Architects is increasingly important for the development of modern products and services that are sustainable, innovative, and successful. This paper shows that competences in integration in product and systems design have to be a key part of these architect's competence profiles. Capitalizing on results from extensive research in the optimization of product development, it points out that the integration of all stakeholders from the earliest development phases is a fundamental need to be able to take into account all requirements and constraints imposed on both hardware and software products and systems. It draws the conclusion that the key stakeholders in product and system development processes need to have skills that enable this way of doing integrated development.

  15. ARCHITECT i2000SR全自动免疫分析仪的临床应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王江峰; 石梁

    2016-01-01

    目的:对ARCHITECT i2000SR全自动免疫分析仪的主要性能进行评价.方法:通过测定AFP、T(孕酮)、FT3对ARCHITECT i2000SR全自动免疫分析仪进行重复性、准确度、灵敏度、干扰试验进行判定.结果:ARCHITECT i2000SR全自动免疫分析仪灵敏度、准确度高,稳定性好,抗干扰能力强.结论;ARCHITECT i2000SR全自动免疫分析议的主要性能、灵敏度、准确度、稳定性、抗干饶能力都符合临床需要,值得使用.

  16. Architecture of pure geometry: Dwellings houses of architects Stevan i Milena Tešić

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Janakova-Grujić Mare

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Article describes part of work of Serbian's architects Stevan Tešić and Milena Veljković Tešić. The works have been designed and made in Italy from 2000 to 2008 and have been dedicated to dwellings houses. Following up developmental creative line, we can observe basic characteristics and particularity: urban sense, attitude to cultural and historical heritage and subject matter of works which is narrowly.

  17. Giulio Mongeri, an Architect Efficient in the Building of Capital City Ankara and his Biography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Damla Çinici

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The study is about Giulio Mongeri (1873 – 1951 who was the architect of Ottoman Bank (1926, Ziraat Bank (1926 – 1929, Monopolies Chief Directorate (1928 and Türkiye İş Bank (1929 buildings in Ankara in the first years of the Republic. Giulio Mongeri was one of the architects prominent in architectural activities both in the last years of Ottoman Empire and first years of the Republic and undertook an effective role in the architectural understanding of the next generation by raising the architects of the future as an instructor of the Academy of Fine Arts. In the study, it is aimed to gain especially the sketches and photos obtained from his diary and not published anywhere else to the scientific world as a new contribution to the knowledge in the available publications. Giulio Mongeri himself, his family and environs in which he was raised, his personality and attitude as a trainer have been appraised in the light of new information. The buildings of Mongeri in Ankara have been studied comparatively with the other buildings in Ankara in this period and an attempt is made to assess the differences in his approach.

  18. The Sicilian Architect Tommaso Maria Napoli and the Baroque Cathedral of Dubrovnik

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Horvat-Levaj, Katarina

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available The design of the Dubrovnik Cathedral (1671-1713 – a monumental three-nave basilica with a dome over the crossing – was commissioned, thanks to Abbot Stjepan Gradić, from the Roman architect Andrea Bufalini. Among the leaders of construction, which lasted for over four decades, the Sicilian architect Tommaso Maria Napoli stands out. During his nine-year stay in Dubrovnik (1689-98 he was the only one who engaged in radical changes in the design. Through his changes to the vaulting and lighting of the main nave and sanctuary, as well as the introduction of terraces above the side chapels, he gave the building better proportions, and moreover he balanced its volume by enriching the Cathedral with the plastic expressiveness characteristic of Sicilian architecture at that time. Napoli was the only architect involved in the construction of the Dubrovnik Cathedral who had an international reputation, from his native Sicily, to Naples, Rome, and the Habsburg Monarchy. This makes his inventive corrections to Bufalini's design even more significant.

  19. 全球化的建筑师%The Global Architect

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐纳德·麦克尼尔; 徐好好

    2012-01-01

    以建筑师和建筑事务所为对象,通过对当代建筑事务所的运作方式、明星建筑师的社会影响、建筑作品的个人化倾向与建筑事务所的品牌化发展之间的关系、建筑师在维护设计伦理中所扮演的角色等四个议题进行分析,概述了全球化对建筑职业的影响,总结了未来建筑实践全球化的趋势.%This article examines architects and their design studios. Through analysis of four issues, namely, the operation of contemporary architectural studios, the social impact of individual architects, the personalization of works and the branding of offices, and the role of architects in environmental ethics, it provides an overview of the transformation of architectural profession and industry, and foresees the future trends of the globalization of architectural practice.

  20. Directory of Associations; Directory of Architects; Directory of Companies; 2002 Catalog & Product Showcase; 2002 Magazine Showcase; Directory of Products & Services; Directory of Materials Suppliers; Advertiser Index.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Library Journal, 2001

    2001-01-01

    This buyer's guide for librarians lists associations, architects, companies (including contact information and Web sites), products, services, magazines, and materials that are geared toward libraries. (LRW)

  1. Gubeng bridge in Surabaya, a dutch architect c. citroen’s work in the 1925 Paris exhibition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Triwinarto Santoso Joko

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available A Dutch architect Cosman Citroen (1881–1935 is recognized as one of the well-known architects in the Netherlands Indies or Indonesia nowadays. After leaving his job as an architect assistant in the architectural firm of B.J. Ouëndag in Amsterdam, the Netherlands, Citroen moved to Surabaya, Indonesia where he became a municipal architect. Here, he turned out to be a versatile architect whose projects range from furniture to town planning and from architectural designs to civil constructions. Discussion on Dutch colonial architecture in this city cannot be separated from his works. One of them was Gubeng Bridge that won an award at the 1925 Paris Exhibition. By using a combination of historical, descriptive, and archival methods, this paper reveals how initially Citroen involved in this civil project, how it was designed and built, which award is obtained, and why it could win the award. The result shows that design of the bridge is in accordance with the exhibition theme, namely Art Deco, and reflects the high aesthetic value of a civil construction.

  2. Comparison of ARCHITECT chemiluminiscent microparticle immunoassay for determination of Troponin I in serum with AXYM MEIA technology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nafija Serdarević

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: The aim of this study was determination of troponin I at serum using Architect (Abbott and AxSYM System (Abbott. Troponin is regulatory subunit of the troponin complex associate with actin filament within muscle cells and it is a marker for diagnosis of myocardial damage.Methods: We used Architect STAT chemiluminescent microparticle immunoassay (CMIA and AxSYM microparticle Enzyme Immunoassay (MEIA, techniques for quantitative determination of cardiac TnI in human serum or plasma. At our study we have proved precision, reproducibility and accuracy from both methods. The investigation included patients (n=119 who have myocardial infarction or ischemic heart damage and were treated at cardiology, emergency, internal medicine and neurology unit in Clinical Center University in Sarajevo.Results: The precision for three controls using Architect STAT TnI asssay technology were 3.6 – 5.2 % and reproducibility was 3.7 to 5.6 %. The AxSYM STAT TnI has precision for three controls 4.3–6.6 % and reproducibilitywas from 4.8 to 7.8 %. We have got very good correlation between Architect and AxSYM technology r = 0.999 in the investigation of troponin I in serum.Conclusions: We can conclude that chemiluminescent troponin assay I (Architect showed good analytical performance and gave new possibility at troponin I determination.

  3. Self-assembly of aromatic α-amino acids into amyloid inspired nano/micro scaled architects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singh, Prabhjot; Brar, Surinder K; Bajaj, Manish; Narang, Nikesh; Mithu, Venus S; Katare, Om P; Wangoo, Nishima; Sharma, Rohit K

    2017-03-01

    In the pursuit for design of novel bio inspired materials, aromatic α-amino acids (phenylalanine, tyrosine, tryptophan and histidine) have been investigated for the generation of well-ordered self-assembled architects such as fibrils, rods, ribbons and twisted nanosheets in varying solvent systems. These nano/micro scaled architects were thoroughly characterized using FE-SEM, confocal microscopy, optical microscopy, (1)H NMR, FTIR, XRD and TGA. These self-assembled architects were histologically stained with Congo red and thioflavin T dyes for investigation of amyloid morphology which revealed that the deposited state of ordered assemblies exhibit specific characteristic of amyloid deposits. The self-assembly of aromatic amino acids was observed to be driven by non-covalent forces such as π-π stacking, van der Waals and electrostatic interaction.

  4. Listening in circles. Spoken drama and the architects of sound, 1750-1830.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tkaczyk, Viktoria

    2014-07-01

    The establishment of the discipline of architectural acoustics is generally attributed to the physicist Wallace Clement Sabine, who developed the formula for reverberation time around 1900, and with it the possibility of making calculated prognoses about the acoustic potential of a particular design. If, however, we shift the perspective from the history of this discipline to the history of architectural knowledge and praxis, it becomes apparent that the topos of 'good sound' had already entered the discourse much earlier. This paper traces the Europe-wide discussion on theatre architecture between 1750 and 1830. It will be shown that the period of investigation is marked by an increasing interest in auditorium acoustics, one linked to the emergence of a bourgeois theatre culture and the growing socio-political importance of the spoken word. In the wake of this development the search among architects for new methods of acoustic research started to differ fundamentally from an analogical reasoning on the nature of sound propagation and reflection, which in part dated back to antiquity. Through their attempts to find new ways of visualising the behaviour of sound in enclosed spaces and to rethink both the materiality and the mediality of theatre auditoria, architects helped pave the way for the establishment of architectural acoustics as an academic discipline around 1900.

  5. Choosing architects for competitions - experiences from the selection of design teams in Sweden

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Magnus Rönn

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available This article presents results from a study of prequalification in architectural competitions. The aim is to develop knowledge of how the organizer appoints candidates to restricted competitions in Sweden. Prequalification is a selection procedure used early in the competition process to identify suitable candidates for the following design phase. The overall research question in the study is about how organizers identify architects / design teams. The methodology includes an inventory of competitions, case studies, document review and interviews of key-persons. Ten municipal and governmental competitions have been examined in the study. The invitation emerges during negotiation at the organizing body. General conditions, submission requirements and criteria for the evaluation of applications by architect firms are part of an established practice. All clients have an assessment procedure made up of two distinct stages. First they check whether applications meet the specific "must requirements" in the invitation. Thereafter follows an evaluative assessment of the candidate's professional profile, which is based on the criteria in the invitation. Reference projects and information from the referees are important sources of information in this stage. Decisive in the final assessment is the organizer's perception of the candidates' ability to produce projects of architectural quality, the ability to combine creative solutions with functional requirements and aptitude to work with developers and contractors.

  6. CONCEPTUAL MODEL OF STAGED FORMATION OF AN INDIVIDUAL CREATIVE METHOD OF AN ARCHITECT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kolstet O. A.

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The article considers the development of a model of gradual formation of individual creative method of an architect in the propaedeutic level since preuniversity stage (with the involvement of distance training and its continuity of the first courses of architectural disciplines in high school in terms of the Rostov school of architecture. There have been examined some studies by Nechaev N.N. and Sulimenko S.D. at the architectural department of the Far Eastern Technical University, that have revealed a non-linear nature of the formation of spatial thinking and the need to develop a systematic approach in the propaedeutic phase of training. These studies formed the basis of a new conceptual model. A list of the input competence requirements for applicants entering architectural universities to ensure the quality of training at university propaedeutic phase is done. Methodological feature of the Rostov school of architecture, which is both a synthesis of problems in the field of threedimensional composition and design problems is revealed, as well as a combination of methods of modeling and manual architectural drawing with computer graphics (SketchUp, CorelDraw, Photoshop, AutoCad. The schemes of a number of separate stages of the formation of individual creative method of the architect, as well as the general scheme of the whole conceptual model is given

  7. Insensitivity to Flaws Leads to Damage Tolerance in Brittle Architected Meta-Materials

    Science.gov (United States)

    Montemayor, L. C.; Wong, W. H.; Zhang, Y.-W.; Greer, J. R.

    2016-01-01

    Cellular solids are instrumental in creating lightweight, strong, and damage-tolerant engineering materials. By extending feature size down to the nanoscale, we simultaneously exploit the architecture and material size effects to substantially enhance structural integrity of architected meta-materials. We discovered that hollow-tube alumina nanolattices with 3D kagome geometry that contained pre-fabricated flaws always failed at the same load as the pristine specimens when the ratio of notch length (a) to sample width (w) is no greater than 1/3, with no correlation between failure occurring at or away from the notch. Samples with (a/w) > 0.3, and notch length-to-unit cell size ratios of (a/l) > 5.2, failed at a lower peak loads because of the higher sample compliance when fewer unit cells span the intact region. Finite element simulations show that the failure is governed by purely tensile loading for (a/w) < 0.3 for the same (a/l); bending begins to play a significant role in failure as (a/w) increases. This experimental and computational work demonstrates that the discrete-continuum duality of architected structural meta-materials may give rise to their damage tolerance and insensitivity of failure to the presence of flaws even when made entirely of intrinsically brittle materials. PMID:26837581

  8. Evaluation of different confirmatory algorithms using seven treponemal tests on Architect Syphilis TP-positive/RPR-negative sera.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jonckheere, S; Berth, M; Van Esbroeck, M; Blomme, S; Lagrou, K; Padalko, E

    2015-10-01

    The Architect Syphilis TP is considered to be a suitable screening test due to its high sensitivity and full automation. According to the International Union against Sexually Transmitted Infections (IUSTI) 2014 guidelines, however, positive screening tests need confirmation with Treponema pallidum particle agglutination (TP.PA). Among Architect-positive results, samples with a negative non-treponemal test present the major diagnostic challenge. In this multicenter study, we investigated if other, preferable less labor-intensive treponemal tests could replace TP.PA. A total of 178 rapid plasma reagin (RPR)-negative sera with an Architect value between 1 and 15 S/CO were prospectively selected in three centers. These sera were analyzed with TP.PA and six alternative treponemal tests: three immunoblots and three tests on random-access analyzers. The diagnostic performance of the treponemal tests differed substantially, with the overall agreement between the six alternative tests ranging from 44.6 to 82.0%. Based on TP.PA as the gold standard, the INNO-LIA IgG blot, the BioPlex 2200 IgG, and the Syphilis TPA showed a high sensitivity, while the EUROLINE-WB IgG blot, recomLine Treponema IgG blot, and the Chorus Syphilis screen showed a high specificity. However, an Architect cut-off of 5.6 S/CO can serve as an alternative for these confirmatory treponemal tests in case of an RPR-negative result. Treponemal tests show poor agreement in this challenging group of Architect-positive/RPR-negative sera. The most optimal algorithm is obtained by assigning sera with an Architect value >5.6 S/CO as true-positives and sera with a value between 1 and 5.6 S/CO as undetermined, requiring further testing with TP.PA.

  9. Deciding about Design Quality: Value judgements and decision making in the selection of architects by public clients under European tendering regulations

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Volker, L.

    2010-01-01

    In the past few years the image of tender procedures in which Dutch public clients selected an architect has been dominated by distressing newspaper headlines. Architects fear that the current tender culture will harm the quality of our built environment due to a potential lack of diversity, creativ

  10. What Will the Architect Be Doing Next? How is the profession of the architect evolving as the focus of society shifts from sustainability to resilience or reactivist-driven design demands?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexander Mooi

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available A more engaging and visionary role for architects is emerging, altering focus from a technological advisor to a more sociological engineer or entrepreneur. By researching a selection of current architectural practices an attempt is made to describe this evolution of the architect’s role and to assess if this is truly a new development or even a paradigm shift. Based upon on an analysis of texts by scholars and written conversations with architects on the subject of sustainable architecture, resilient architecture, agency in architecture and reactivist architecture, supplemented with additional statements by architects on the matter of architectural practice, an evolution of this role made clear and put into perspective. The aim of this review therefore is to distil some kind consensus within architectural practice of how the architect’s role is to evolve in the foreseeable future. It appears that reactivist architecture as a descriptive set of principles has absorbed elements of all of the above, becoming more than the sums of its parts and allowing for a new role for the architect to emerge.

  11. DE JURADOS Y ARQUITECTOS: IDEAS SOBRE LOS CONCURSOS / Juries and architects: ideas on competitions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jesús Rojo Carrero

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN Los concursos de ideas de arquitectura fallados por jurados participados por profesionales cualificados prestigian a las entidades que los promueven y a los arquitectos premiados. Pero también entrañan aspectos polémicos que ponen de relieve sus debilidades y que pocas veces son analizados con actitud crítica. Pese a todo, los arquitectos prefieren este sistema de adjudicación por cuanto les reporta el íntimo beneficio de ejercitarse en el proyecto de arquitectura con un margen de libertad poco viable en los encargos directos u otros tipos de concursos más codificados. El análisis de los parámetros que determinan un buen concurso; el binomio concurso–investigación; el alcance de la intervención de los jurados; el derroche de tanta actividad creativa; el trabajo no remunerado de los concursantes... En este artículo avanzamos una reflexión sobre algunos de estos temas a partir de las opiniones de relevantes arquitectos vinculados de uno u otro modo a estos procedimientos competitivos.SUMMARY Competitions of architectural ideas that are judged by professionally qualified juries bring prestige to the institutions that promote them and to the award-winning architects. However, controversial aspects are also involved that highlight the weaknesses of these competitions and which are rarely analysed critically. None the less, architects prefer this award system because of the concomitant benefit of practicing in architectural projects, with a margin of freedom that is unfeasible in direct commissions or other more codified competitions. The analysis of the parameters which determine a good competition involves: the competition-research relationship; the scope of intervention of the jurors; the involvement of so much creative activity; the unpaid work of the competitors, etc. In this article we put forward a reflection on some of these issues from the opinions of important architects linked in one way or another to these

  12. Architects and Design-Phase Cost Estimates: Design Professionals Should Reconsider the Value of Third-Party Estimates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coakley, John

    2010-01-01

    Professional cost estimators are widely used by architects during the design phases of a project to provide preliminary cost estimates. These estimates may begin at the conceptual design phase and are prepared at regular intervals through the construction document phase. Estimating professionals are frequently tasked with "selling" the importance…

  13. The Architect, the Museum, and the School: Working Together to Incorporate Architecture and Built Environment Education into the Curriculum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chalas, Agnieszka

    2015-01-01

    This article documents an innovative project at the Canadian Centre for Architecture (CCA) that placed teaching architects in six underprivileged elementary schools in Montreal in an effort to both improve the status of architectural education in schools and support teachers with integrating museum learning into the classroom. Throughout the…

  14. SLA Architects on the Representation of Landscape: Stig Lennart in conversation with Anne Elisabeth Toft and Christina Capetillo

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Toft, Anne Elisabeth; Capetillo, Christina

    2015-01-01

    Stig Lennart Andersson discussing the representational practices of SLA Architecs. Andersson reflects on the representation of landscapes and on what are, in his view, the inadequacies of traditional forms of representation in this context. Those inadequacies have led SLA Architects to experiment...

  15. Can Architects Help Transform Public Education? What the Sarasota County Civic School Building Program (1955-1960) Teaches Us

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paley, Nicholas B.

    2013-01-01

    The Sarasota County School Building Program 1955-1960 is revisited through a detailed examination of how architects and educators collaborated to design an innovative group of public schools that provided opportunities for the transformation of learning space. This multi-dimensioned examination is grounded in an historical contextualization of the…

  16. Application of the EMIT 2000 Tacrolimus assay on the Abbott Architect c8000 high volume clinical chemistry analyzer

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    K. Boer; T. Deufel; D. Schmidt; S. Streck; M. Kiehntopf

    2006-01-01

    Objectives: Evaluation of the performance of the EMIT 2000 Tacrolimus assay on the Abbott Architect c8000 analyzer. Design and Methods: Imprecision studies were performed and patient samples were assayed by EMIT assay and by LC-MS/MS. Results: Limit of quantification was established at 2.8 mu g/L. A

  17. Demonstrating FLAVOUR: Friendly Location-aware conference Assistant with priVacy Observant architectURe (Demo Paper)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Muthukrishnan, Kavitha; Meratnia, Nirvana; Koprinkov, Georgi; Lijding, Maria; Havinga, Paul

    2005-01-01

    In this paper, we describe an implementation of FLAVOUR (Friendly Location-aware conference Assistant with priVacy Observant architectURe), in which people/infrastructure resources act as individual service providers offering their location as a service. By subscribing to this service, in the one ha

  18. CONTINUOUS TRAINING OF ARCHITECTS AND A PRACTICAL COURSE IN ARCHITECTURAL COMPOSITION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gogoleva Natal'ya Arkad'evna

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available The problem of training of architects in architectural composition is relevant at each stages of the training process. Continuous training in architectural composition is to assure better mastering of fundamentals of composition. Specialized training courses is to be incorporated into each stage of the training process, namely, into each specialized discipline that shapes up the compositional thinking in the field of architecture and town planning patterns. The fundamental course is entitled "Three-dimensional spatial composition"; it is based on the theory of architecture and urban development, as well as practical classes in architectural analysis and modeling. The author proposes new methods of teaching three-dimensional composition through a cycle of exercises and term papers. The systemic approach contemplates a good knowledge of the theory to serve as the basis for workshops and practical classes, as well as a new idea of continuous training.

  19. Architects at the bacterial surface - sortases and the assembly of pili with isopeptide bonds.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hendrickx, Antoni P A; Budzik, Jonathan M; Oh, So-Young; Schneewind, Olaf

    2011-03-01

    The cell wall envelope of Gram-positive bacteria can be thought of as a surface organelle for the assembly of macromolecular structures that enable the unique lifestyle of each microorganism. Sortases - enzymes that cleave the sorting signals of secreted proteins to form isopeptide (amide) bonds between the secreted proteins and peptidoglycan or polypeptides - function as the principal architects of the bacterial surface. Acting alone or with other sortase enzymes, sortase construction leads to the anchoring of surface proteins at specific sites in the envelope or to the assembly of pili, which are fibrous structures formed from many protein subunits. The catalysis of intermolecular isopeptide bonds between pilin subunits is intertwined with the assembly of intramolecular isopeptide bonds within pilin subunits. Together, these isopeptide bonds endow these sortase products with adhesive properties and resistance to host proteases.

  20. Examining the Dynamics of Novation from the Principal Contractor's and Architect's Perspectives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alan Griffith

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Design and build is a popular form of procurement worldwide. In its conventional form, it is characterised by the integration between design and construction. Novation, a variant of design and build where design responsibility is transferred from designer to contractor as procurement evolves, has gained in popularity. However, the characteristics of the process, although well identified, continue to create confusion and problems for clients and contractors alike. This paper focuses on the dynamics of design and build novation from the principal contractor's and architect's perspectives. It embraces key aspects of both the pre-contract and post-contract environment. Its contribution forms a part of a major UK Government funded research project investigating design and build best practice. The findings presented in this paper broadly indicate that contractors believe novated design and build can be disadvantageous and that considerable fragmentation can be created in what should be an integrated procurement approach.

  1. Reengineering a database for clinical trials management: lessons for system architects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brandt, C A; Nadkarni, P; Marenco, L; Karras, B T; Lu, C; Schacter, L; Fisk, J M; Miller, P L

    2000-10-01

    This paper describes the process of enhancing Trial/DB, a database system for clinical studies management. The system's enhancements have been driven by the need to maximize the effectiveness of developer personnel in supporting numerous and diverse users, of study designers in setting up new studies, and of administrators in managing ongoing studies. Trial/DB was originally designed to work over a local area network within a single institution, and basic architectural changes were necessary to make it work over the Internet efficiently as well as securely. Further, as its use spread to diverse communities of users, changes were made to let the processes of study design and project management adapt to the working styles of the principal investigators and administrators for each study. The lessons learned in the process should prove instructive for system architects as well as managers of electronic patient record systems.

  2. The discipline of architecture and freedom of spirit: Architect Ivan Antić

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Milašinović-Marić Dijana

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Each epoch has its distinct characters who, by their talent, creativity knowledge and skills, manage to surmount the limiting context and come up as individuals. One among such creators is the architect – Ivan Antić, Member of Academy, who in his design projects and with his distinct architectural credo managed to express the ideals of time in which he was creating. His buildings – masterpieces of the Serbian modern architecture, e.g. Museum of the modern art located at Ušće in Belgrade; Museum for victims of execution in Šumarice sport arenas, public and business edifices, all of them represent unique architectural achievements. Those building forms are both functional and aesthetical, almost as a sublimate in fulfillment of content and construction requirements.

  3. Archives d’architectes et églises du XXe siècle

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simon Texier

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Depuis une vingtaine d’années, les archives d’architecture du XXe siècle, conservées au sein de la Cité de l’architecture et du patrimoine, ont été le support d’une considérable avancée de la recherche. L’architecture religieuse en a elle aussi bénéficié ; elle n’en souffre pas moins toujours d’un certain retard, et ce malgré l’extrême richesse des fonds d’architectes ou d’entrepreneurs. L’importance des études préparatoires et des projets non réalisés ou le développement massif de la construction d’édifices religieux après 1945 comptent parmi les axes des recherches possibles.Over the past twenty years, the 20th-century architectural archives held today at the Cité de l’Architecture et du Patrimoine have underpinned considerable progress in research in the history of architecture. Religious architecture has also benefited from this progress, although, despite the considerable interest of the archives of certain architects or building firms, studies in this particular field are still lacking,. Amongst the new research directions that can be suggested today, this article draws attention to two fields: the study of preliminary projects and of projects that, in the end, were not carried out, and the massive development of new religious building after 1945.

  4. An expert-based landslide susceptibility mapping (LSM) module developed for Netcad Architect Software

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sezer, E. A.; Nefeslioglu, H. A.; Osna, T.

    2017-01-01

    The main purpose of this study is to introduce an expert-based LSM module developed for Netcad Architect Software. A landslide-prone area located at the eastern Black Sea region of Turkey was selected as the experimental site for this study. The investigations were performed in four stages: (i) introducing technical details of LSM module and theoretical background of the methods implemented in the module, (ii) experiments; landslide susceptibility evaluations by applying the methods M-AHP and Mamdani type FIS by using the expert-based LSM module, (iii) map similarity assessments and evaluations for the generalization capacities of the expert-based models, and (iv) performance assessments of the LSM module. When considering the areal distributions of matching ratios obtained from the map similarity evaluations, it is revealed that M-AHP is more pessimistic and covers a greater area in higher hazard classes, whereas the Mamdani type FIS behaves more optimistically and restricts the area of higher hazard classes in the experimental site. According to the Receiver Operating Characteristics (ROC) curve analyses, the value of Area Under the ROC Curve (AUC) was obtained as 0.66 for the resultant map produced with Mamdani type FIS and 0.82 for the map produced with M-AHP. To compare the time consumptions of the expert methods, experiments were implemented. Mamdani type FIS completes its task in 3 h and 39 min, whereas M-AHP only requires 47 s. As a consequence, (i) the LSM module developed for Netcad Architect Software presents full-featured expert-based landslide susceptibility mapping abilities, and (ii) M-AHP is a useful method for obtaining an expert opinion and modeling landslide susceptibility.

  5. Conceiving Scenario-Based IS Support for Knowledge Synthesis: The Organization Architect

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kam Hou VAT

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines the idea of creating information systems (IS support for knowledge work through the elaboration of typical organizational scenarios. Specifically, our research is driven by a belief that the design issues of IS support must be situated in the context of social processes in which, in a specific organizational scenario, a particular group of people can conceptualize their knowledge work and hence the purposeful action they wish to undertake. This provides the basis for ascertaining what information support is needed by those who undertake that action, and how modern information technology can help to provide that support. Thereby, designing IS support for knowledge work requires attention to the purposeful action which the IS serves, and hence to the meanings which make those particular actions meaningful and relevant to particular groups of people in a particular situation. This is often facilitated by the provision of an important enquiry process constantly attended to, and integrated into organizational activities by which IS professionals could learn of the organization's continual adjustments to its changing world. Our discussion here brings forth the notion of the learning organization information systems (LOIS, through which each member of the organization is enabled to create his or her own knowledge space, which is subject to some level of description, and thus may be architected and integrated into an organization. Importantly, in order to develop the various LOIS support for knowledge work, we need the correspondent organization scenarios to contextualize the IS design. And we attribute this development philosophy to the essence of systems thinking in conceiving IS support. The paper concludes by reiterating the work of the organization architect, which entails understanding, analyzing, designing, and communicating the most relevant parts of the organization and how they fit together.

  6. ARCHITECT: The architecture-based technology evaluation and capability tradeoff method

    Science.gov (United States)

    Griendling, Kelly A.

    The use of architectures for the design, development, and documentation of system-of-systems engineering has become a common practice in recent years. This practice became mandatory in the defense industry in 2004 when the Department of Defense Architecture Framework (DoDAF) Promulgation Memo mandated that all Department of Defense (DoD) architectures must be DoDAF compliant. Despite this mandate, there has been significant confusion and a lack of consistency in the creation and the use of the architecture products. Products are typically created as static documents used for communication and documentation purposes that are difficult to change and do not support engineering design activities and acquisition decision making. At the same time, acquisition guidance has been recently reformed to move from the bottom-up approach of the Requirements Generation System (RGS) to the top-down approach mandated by the Joint Capabilities Integration and Devel- opment System (JCIDS), which requires the use of DoDAF to support acquisition. Defense agencies have had difficulty adjusting to this new policy, and are struggling to determine how to meet new acquisition requirements. This research has developed the Architecture-based Technology Evaluation and Capability Tradeoff (ARCHITECT) Methodology to respond to these challenges and address concerns raised about the defense acquisition process, particularly the time required to implement parts of the process, the need to evaluate solutions across capability and mission areas, and the need to use a rigorous, traceable, repeatable method that utilizes modeling and simulation to better substantiate early-phase acquisition decisions. The objective is to create a capability-based systems engineering methodology for the early phases of design and acquisition (specifically Pre-Milestone A activities) which improves agility in defense acquisition by (1) streamlining the development of key elements of JCIDS and DoDAF, (2) moving the

  7. Efficient modeling of plasma wakefield acceleration in quasi-non-linear-regimes with the hybrid code Architect

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marocchino, A.; Massimo, F.; Rossi, A. R.; Chiadroni, E.; Ferrario, M.

    2016-09-01

    In this paper we present a hybrid approach aiming to assess feasible plasma wakefield acceleration working points with reduced computation resources. The growing interest for plasma wakefield acceleration and especially the need to control with increasing precision the quality of the accelerated bunch demands for more accurate and faster simulations. Particle in cell codes are the state of the art technique to simulate the underlying physics, however the run-time represents the major drawback. Architect is a hybrid code that treats the bunch kinetically and the background electron plasma as a fluid, initialising bunches in vacuum so to take into account for the transition from vacuum to plasma. Architect solves directly the Maxwell's equations on a Yee lattice. Such an approach allows us to drastically reduce run time without loss of generality or accuracy up to the weakly non linear regime.

  8. ‘Spector - the sustainability inspector’: Participatory teaching, learning and evaluation game for architects, architecture students and pupils

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brkovic Marta

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Architects, whether they are researchers, practitioners or teachers need better and improved tools to enable them communicate more effectively, change power relationships, co-construct knowledge and engage in real life problems. It is this that stimulated us to develop our own tool in the form of a game to contribute to the debate. Architects should be able to use their creative potential to design innovative tools for evaluating architectural design, and its sustainable aspects. By using such tools they may also be able to put themselves in a teaching role and create a learning experience for participants. Our experience from testing the game internationally in two primary and one secondary school with pupils made us believe that games need serious attention and consideration as a useful alternative to traditional teaching and research tools.

  9. Efficient modeling of plasma wakefield acceleration in quasi-non-linear-regimes with the hybrid code Architect

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Marocchino, A., E-mail: albz.uk@gmail.com [Dipartimento SBAI, “Sapienza” University of Rome and INFN-Roma 1, Rome (Italy); Massimo, F. [Dipartimento SBAI, “Sapienza” University of Rome and INFN-Roma 1, Rome (Italy); Rossi, A.R. [Dipartimento di Fisica, University of Milan and INFN-Milano, Milano (Italy); Chiadroni, E.; Ferrario, M. [INFN-LNF, Frascati (Italy)

    2016-09-01

    In this paper we present a hybrid approach aiming to assess feasible plasma wakefield acceleration working points with reduced computation resources. The growing interest for plasma wakefield acceleration and especially the need to control with increasing precision the quality of the accelerated bunch demands for more accurate and faster simulations. Particle in cell codes are the state of the art technique to simulate the underlying physics, however the run-time represents the major drawback. Architect is a hybrid code that treats the bunch kinetically and the background electron plasma as a fluid, initialising bunches in vacuum so to take into account for the transition from vacuum to plasma. Architect solves directly the Maxwell's equations on a Yee lattice. Such an approach allows us to drastically reduce run time without loss of generality or accuracy up to the weakly non linear regime.

  10. Arhitektid Hilla Rudanko ja Anssi Kankkunen viisid kokku vajadused ja võimalused = Architects Hilla Rudanko and Anssi Kankkunen on need and initiative in architecture / Hilla Rudanko

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rudanko, Hilla

    2011-01-01

    Aalto ülikooli magistrantuuris õppivad Hilla Rudenko ja Anssi Kankkunen (Architects Rudanko Kankkunen) kavandasid Kambodža stuudio raames ümberasustatud Sinise telgi kogukonnale Sra Pou kutsekooli hoone ja leidsid toetusraha maja ehituseks

  11. Tradition et modernité dans l’architecture religieuse de l’architecte montpelliérain Julien Boudes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yvon Comte

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available La comparaison des édifices de Saint-François et Sainte-Thérèse de Montpellier permet de dégager les axes qui ont orienté la politique de protection du patrimoine contemporain en Languedoc. En effet, quoique bâties par le même architecte, ces deux églises sont conçues dans un esprit et avec des références stylistiques totalement différents. Élaborées dans un contexte nouveau, celui de la Séparation de l’Église et de l’État, ces deux créations privées se distinguent des paroisses ou couvents anciens, par la personnalité de leurs commanditaires, leur architecte commun et par leurs fonctions nouvelles autant que par le style de leur construction.The comparison of two Montpellier churches, Saint-François and Sainte-Thérèse, reveals something of the principles which have guided protection policies for contemporary architecture in the Languedoc region. Although these two churches were built by the same architect, they show a spirit and stylistic references which are very different. Designed in a new context for church building, that of the separation of church and state in early 20th-century France, these two private constructions are unlike earlier conventual or parish buildings, in terms of the personality of their commissioning clients, their architect and their new functions, as well as in the style of their construction.

  12. AS AN ANALYSIS AND DOCUMENTATION TOOL FOR ARCHITECTS: THE CASE OF PLAKA BRIDGE IN GREECE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T. Kouimtzoglou

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Μodern advances in the field of image-based 3D reconstruction of complex architectures are valuable tools that may offer the researchers great possibilities integrating the use of such procedures in their studies. In the same way that photogrammetry was a well-known useful tool among the cultural heritage community for years, the state of the art reconstruction techniques generate complete and easy to use 3D data, thus enabling engineers, architects and other cultural heritage experts to approach their case studies in an exhaustive and efficient way. The generated data can be a valuable and accurate basis upon which further plans and studies will be drafted. These and other aspects of the use of image-based 3D data for architectural studies are to be presented and analysed in this paper, based on the experience gained from a specific case study, the Plaka Bridge. This historic structure is of particular interest, as it was recently lost due to extreme weather conditions and serves as a strong proof that preventive actions are of utmost importance in order to preserve our common past.

  13. Template free synthesis of mesoporous CuO nano architects for field emission applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Das, Swati; Maiti, Soumen; Saha, Subhajit; Das, Nirmalya Sankar; Chattopadhyay, Kalyan Kumar

    2013-04-01

    Cupric oxide mesospheres composed of its nanoparticles have been synthesized by a simple template free chemical route at different temperatures. Thermal aging followed by higher temperature (350 degrees C, 6 hours) annealing on these architects transformed them into hollow mesospheres consisting of sharp needle like structures with high aspect ratio (- 10(3)). A detailed analysis of field emission scanning electron microscopy confirmed a uniform registry of the prepared nanostructures. High resolution transmission electron microscopy showed that the as-grown mesospheres have hollow inner cavity with a thin outer shell. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopic analysis showed no obvious changes in the chemical composition of the nanostructures after annealing, confirming that the elements in the final products were in the proper oxidation states. Electron emission under electric field was investigated from these interesting structures. It was found that both of these nanostructures showed electron emission, but emission performance of the hollow mesospheres consisting of nanoneedles exhibited excellent performance with turn-on field as low as 2.8 V/microm and high enhancement factor (beta) - 5537.

  14. Faculté des sciences de Bordeaux, René-André Coulon architecte

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Franck Delorme

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Au sortir de la seconde guerre mondiale, les facultés bordelaises étouffent dans leurs locaux du centre-ville édifiés sous la troisième République. Un ambitieux programme de transferts des établissements universitaires vers les banlieues de Pessac, Talence et Gradignan se met en place à partir des années 1950. L’architecte René-André Coulon (1908-1997 conçoit la faculté des sciences de Bordeaux, envisagée alors comme une véritable faculté « pour l’an 2000 ». Tout en disposant largement les différents bâtiments dans l’espace du campus, Coulon s’attache à leur donner un style original, tout empreint de rigueur et de rationalisme, mais qui montre également quelques écarts notables avec les normes régissant alors les constructions universitaires. Talence est la première réalisation universitaire de Coulon, qui travaillera par la suite sur des programmes fort différents, qu’il s’agisse du campus de HEC à Jouy-en-Josas ou de celui de la faculté des sciences de Paris-centre avec Édouard Albert.

  15. Humdrum Tasks of the Salaried Men: Edwin Williams, a London County Council Architect at War

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nick Beech

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Working at the London County Council Architects’ Department through the 1930s to 1950s, and known (if at all as a member of the design team for the Royal Festival Hall, Edwin Williams is usually presented as a regressive figure, his design work marked by his Beaux Arts training. Using archival evidence and histories of the construction industry, this paper sets out Williams’s role in the organisation of rescue and recovery services in London during the Second World War. The paper argues that through his development of training schools and curricula for Rescue Service personnel, Williams played a key role in the formation of a skilled, mechanised, modern demolition industry. Operating complex emergency projects under extreme conditions, the same contractors and building operatives trained in Williams’s programme were later responsible for the clearance of bomb damaged sites and slums. This paper suggests that certain developments in modern architecture can be considered contingent upon practices of the demolition industry as developed by Williams. By concentrating on the ‘organisation’ and ‘progress’ of production that architects engaged with during the Second World War and after, new configurations of continuity and change emerge in which the ‘humdrum tasks’ of ‘salaried men’ appear crucial.

  16. Insensitivity to Flaws Leads to Damage Tolerance in Brittle Architected Meta-Materials

    Science.gov (United States)

    Montemayor, L. C.; Wong, W. H.; Zhang, Y.-W.; Greer, J. R.

    2016-02-01

    Cellular solids are instrumental in creating lightweight, strong, and damage-tolerant engineering materials. By extending feature size down to the nanoscale, we simultaneously exploit the architecture and material size effects to substantially enhance structural integrity of architected meta-materials. We discovered that hollow-tube alumina nanolattices with 3D kagome geometry that contained pre-fabricated flaws always failed at the same load as the pristine specimens when the ratio of notch length (a) to sample width (w) is no greater than 1/3, with no correlation between failure occurring at or away from the notch. Samples with (a/w) > 0.3, and notch length-to-unit cell size ratios of (a/l) > 5.2, failed at a lower peak loads because of the higher sample compliance when fewer unit cells span the intact region. Finite element simulations show that the failure is governed by purely tensile loading for (a/w) structural meta-materials may give rise to their damage tolerance and insensitivity of failure to the presence of flaws even when made entirely of intrinsically brittle materials.

  17. A New Collaborative Pattern between Landscape Architects and Urban Designers in Environmental Design

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mostafa Behzadfar

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: Nowadays professions such as architecture, landscape architecture and urban design are playing a unique role in environmental design process. Meanwhile architecture is being separated from two other majors: landscape architecture and urban design by paying so much attention to constructing buildings. Landscape architecture and urban design have parallel subjects and goals and both have the intention to improve the quality of urban open spaces. Approach: Since these two majors have partly the same approaches in confronting the topic of urban open spaces design, this study propounded the desirable method of collaboration between the professionals of these two majors. This research defined the role and position, each of these two professions have in the environmental design process by taking advantage of grounded theory procedure and the usage of content analysis, constant comparison and the questionnaire techniques. Results: Ideas found in this research were laying stress on the fact that by considering the three-level system from relations between the parameters: design/planning, control/co-ordination, management/policy making as the main common roles among the urban design and landscape architecture professionals, one can achieve the pattern of an efficient interaction. Conclusion: In this co-operation, landscape architects by preparing plans and implementing details and urban designers by making design structures and standards will obtain a supplemental role in the environmental design process.

  18. Threat detection: a framework for security architects and designers of metropolitan rail systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hervé Borrion

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Metro rail systems (MRS currently face a serious threat from terrorist attacks – especially through use of explosives. The threat comes at a time when scores of new MRS are under construction or at the planning stage in cities across the world. Designers of these systems need to consider ways to detect explosives without an adverse impact upon passenger comfort and profitability. This paper presents a framework for designers to identify security functions in MRS, understand current methods of threat detection used in MRS and recognise their relationship with other operational requirements. Application of this framework at the planning stage can assist in designing systems where terrorist threats can be better addressed with reduced impact on passenger experience and MRS operations. The application of a framework of analysis inspired by Ekblom’s work to nine functioning MRS yields a concise representation of the major design issues architects and security specialists have to consider for effective integration of security systems in stations.

  19. Architecting the Communication and Navigation Networks for NASA's Space Exploration Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhassin, Kul B.; Putt, Chuck; Hayden, Jeffrey; Tseng, Shirley; Biswas, Abi; Kennedy, Brian; Jennings, Esther H.; Miller, Ron A.; Hudiburg, John; Miller, Dave; Jeffries, Alan; Sartwell, Tom

    2007-01-01

    NASA is planning a series of short and long duration human and robotic missions to explore the Moon and then Mars. A key objective of the missions is to grow, through a series of launches, a system of systems communication, navigation, and timing infrastructure at minimum cost while providing a network-centric infrastructure that maximizes the exploration capabilities and science return. There is a strong need to use architecting processes in the mission pre-formulation stage to describe the systems, interfaces, and interoperability needed to implement multiple space communication systems that are deployed over time, yet support interoperability with each deployment phase and with 20 years of legacy systems. In this paper we present a process for defining the architecture of the communications, navigation, and networks needed to support future space explorers with the best adaptable and evolable network-centric space exploration infrastructure. The process steps presented are: 1) Architecture decomposition, 2) Defining mission systems and their interfaces, 3) Developing the communication, navigation, networking architecture, and 4) Integrating systems, operational and technical views and viewpoints. We demonstrate the process through the architecture development of the communication network for upcoming NASA space exploration missions.

  20. Global environmental change and the poetry of place: thoughts on the education of landscape architects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ray Green

    2000-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper discusses a range of educational issues the author believes must be addressed if we are to produce environmentally and socially responsible landscape architects to meet the challenges of the twenty-first century. The ideas discussed in this paper were first presented at the Australasian Educators in Landscape Architecture (AELA conference held at the University of New South Wales, Australia, in March, 2000. The author suggests that as a result of growing perceptual awareness of global environmental change and degradation at the local level, public recognition of the profession of landscape architecture and its associated knowledge base may increase in the future. Growing public recognition of landscape architecture will help in efforts to move the earth towards greater sustainability and environmental health. The author stresses that educators in landscape architecture need to work towards encouraging a shift in students' thinking from an anthropocentric to a more ecocentric consciousness and that student's design work should reflect this shift. It is suggested that students be made aware that their design and planning actions at the site and local level can collectively have profound influences on the health of the entire planet. The paper also outlines the curriculum of the new Bachelor of Landscape Architecture programme (being offered for the first time in 2000 at the University of Melbourne in which environmental issues, along with other important concerns, are being emphasised.

  1. NCloud - Experimenting with Architecting and Facilitating Utility Services for establishing Educational Cloud

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Madhuri Bhavsar

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Academic Institutions as well as Enterprises all over the globe have become heavily dependent on high performance computing systems for their day to day activities and hence it continues to seek opportunities to rationalize and optimize the utilization of resources. Continuous upgradation  of software and hardware have become important items of those organizations meetings creating budget pressure. In such scenario, Cloud computing services could provide many of those organizations to enhance the productivity keeping the budget expenditure low.The paper discusses the experiments carried out on our educational campus for architecting the cloud – hereafter referred as NCloud (Cloud built on Nirma Campus, configured using open source tools, furnishes the utility services which is leading towards an establishment of  a stepping stone for formation of knowledge cloud. Testbed formed for data center consists of 1 front-end and 16 worker node.  By using NCloud, user will be able to fulfill the demand  of infrastructure as a service in which user is provided an operating system with specific RAM and CPU cores. Utility oriented services in NCloud aims to charge user for what they use. For implementing utility oriented services, analysis of various major cloud providers is done including pricing models. Performance measures on heterogeneous platforms and the results obtained are included in the paper.

  2. 'A model for the country': letters from Florence Nightingale to the architect, Thomas Worthington, on hospitals and other matters 1865-1868.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Butler, Stella Vera F

    2013-12-01

    Between 1865 and 1868 the Manchester architect, Thomas Worthington and Florence Nightingale corresponded about hospital design. Worthington was involved in building hospitals for two Poor Law Unions in Manchester. The designs of both hospitals were based on the 'pavilion' principle of which Nightingale became a vocal national champion. Through five letters written by Nightingale to Worthington, the paper explores Nightingale's views focussing on her admiration for the designs, and examines the importance of these commissions for Worthington's career as a hospital architect.

  3. [Collaboration between Physician Emerich Lindenmayer and Architect Jan Nevole in Restoring the Sokobanja Turkish Bath].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mitrović, Gordana; Nešković, Marina

    2015-01-01

    The Sokobanja Turkish bath is an exceptional example of two-section baths and quite particular in its style, structure type and technology used. It is one of the two of the same type that remained in Serbia and the only one that has retained its original function. About its construction we learn from the Vidin sanjak defter from the second half of the 16th century. In the lavish built heritage inventory, Turkish baths are quite unique secular public structures, playing a prominent role in the development of health culture. Based upon their specific function, these baths possess a special architectural expression, are often monumental, decorative and imaginative in their forms and ornamentation. Prince Miloš initiated repair works of the Soko Banja baths and spa springs immediately after the settlement became a part of the Serbian Principality in 1834. When work on restoring the men's baths started, a separate room with a tub was built for Prince Miloš, while the women's bath remained in ruins. In 1847, the Ministry of Interior sent Dr Emerich Lindenmayer and architect Jan Nevole, as an expert team, to assess the state of the hammam so that it could be included in the undertakings funded from the state budget. After the assessment and review of the existing issues and upon a detailed report submitted to the Ministry of Interior, complex repairs were conducted in 1850, according to Nevole's architectural design and his constant supervision. The approach implemented in the architectural renovation process was based on highly regarded principles of the time, thus preserving both the hammam's original function and its valuable architecture.

  4. Architecting the cloud design decisions for cloud computing service models (SaaS, PaaS, and IaaS)

    CERN Document Server

    Kavis, Michael J

    2014-01-01

    An expert guide to selecting the right cloud service model for your business Cloud computing is all the rage, allowing for the delivery of computing and storage capacity to a diverse community of end-recipients. However, before you can decide on a cloud model, you need to determine what the ideal cloud service model is for your business. Helping you cut through all the haze, Architecting the Cloud is vendor neutral and guides you in making one of the most critical technology decisions that you will face: selecting the right cloud service model(s) based on a combination of both business and tec

  5. Fungi as Architects of the Rimstone Dams in Huanglong, NSD, Sichuan, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xie, Jie; Strobel, Gary; Xu, Wei-Fang; Chen, Jie; Ren, Hui-Shuang; An, De-Jun; Geary, Brad

    2017-01-01

    attributed to those fungal architects that encourage calcite crystal formation.

  6. Comparisons of time explicit hybrid kinetic-fluid code Architect for Plasma Wakefield Acceleration with a full PIC code

    Science.gov (United States)

    Massimo, F.; Atzeni, S.; Marocchino, A.

    2016-12-01

    Architect, a time explicit hybrid code designed to perform quick simulations for electron driven plasma wakefield acceleration, is described. In order to obtain beam quality acceptable for applications, control of the beam-plasma-dynamics is necessary. Particle in Cell (PIC) codes represent the state-of-the-art technique to investigate the underlying physics and possible experimental scenarios; however PIC codes demand the necessity of heavy computational resources. Architect code substantially reduces the need for computational resources by using a hybrid approach: relativistic electron bunches are treated kinetically as in a PIC code and the background plasma as a fluid. Cylindrical symmetry is assumed for the solution of the electromagnetic fields and fluid equations. In this paper both the underlying algorithms as well as a comparison with a fully three dimensional particle in cell code are reported. The comparison highlights the good agreement between the two models up to the weakly non-linear regimes. In highly non-linear regimes the two models only disagree in a localized region, where the plasma electrons expelled by the bunch close up at the end of the first plasma oscillation.

  7. The Perception of Malaysian Architects towards the Implementation of Green Roofs: A Review of Practices, Methodologies and Future Research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zahir M.H. Md.

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The implementation of green roofs or vegetated roof as a sustainable tool to mitigate the Urban Heat Island effect is relatively new in Malaysia. Although it has not been tested on an urban scale, many research findings have indicated that green roofs can contribute towards enhancing the environmental and aesthetical quality of the built environment. It was hypothesized that the low application of green roofs in the Malaysian construction industry is due to the lack of awareness, understanding and experience in its benefits especially among building practitioners. As a result, this research was initiated to determine the perception and understanding of Malaysian architects in green roofs implementation issues, as well as to identify their level of acceptance and readiness. This paper reviews practices and different research approaches in understanding the factors that influence architect’s perception towards the implementation of green roofs in the Malaysian construction industry. Architects were chosen as the only respondents due to their intensive involvement in the conceptualisation, planning, design and construction stage of a built environment project. Extensive literature review was conducted to explore past experiences in green roof implementation and to develop the theoretical framework for this research.

  8. La clientèle de l’architecte Barry Dierks sur la Côte d’Azur

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    François Fray

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Architecte américain formé au Carnegie Institute of Technology de Pittsburgh, Barry Dierks (1899-1960 a passé toute sa carrière sur la Côte d’Azur à partir de 1925. Il y construisit la maison qui devait être sa résidence, son agence et sa vitrine. Il a su, avec son ami anglais Eric Sawyer, capter l’intérêt d’une clientèle internationale, exigeante, cultivée et informée, venue chercher sur cette côte à la fois le dépaysement et des résonances à sa propre culture, mais pas forcément des réalisations d’avant-garde. Barry Dierks a su y répondre et se muer en architecte à la fois moderne et méditerranéen en se coulant sans se renier dans les desiderata de ses clients. La Seconde Guerre mondiale a interrompu ses activités. Mais ses actions humanitaires et leur engagement pendant cette période leur valut à tous deux respect et reconnaissance. Une centaine de chantiers ont pu être identifiés, grandes et petites maisons, pavillons de bain et même un bowling privé.

  9. ARCHITECT与TDx测定环孢素A血药浓度相关性研究%Correlation between Whole Blood Cyclosporine Concentration Assayed by ARCHITECT and TDx

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李朋梅; 刘晓; 张镭; 赵莉; 张相林

    2011-01-01

    目的 研究ARCHITECT与TDx两种方法测定环孢素A(CsA)血药浓度结果相关性.方法 利用ARCHITECT和TDx两种方法同时测定CsA血药浓度,以TDx测定值为X,ARCHITECT测定值为Y,进行线性回归,评价其相关性.结果 ARCHITECT测定值均比TDx低,pTDx/pARCHITECT为(1.29±0.22),两种方法的线性相关性较好,回归方程为Y=-26.26+0·993 9X(n=65,r=0.9665).结论 ARCHITECT测定CsA血药浓度结果较TDx偏低,两种方法相关性好,可以进行方法间切换.%OBJECTIVE To evaluate the correlation between the whole blood cyclosporine A (CsA) concentrations by ARCHITECT and TDx monoclonal assay. METHODS A total of 65 samples from renal allograft recipients were determined by ARCHITECT and TDx monoclonal analyzer simultaneously. Regression analyses were performed (ARCHITECT results as dependant, TDx as inde-pendant variable) for the evaluation of correlation. RESULTS ARCHITECT results were all lower than those from TDx. Pm/ Parchttect was (1.29 ±0.22). There existed good correlation with least-squares equation Y= -26.26 +0.993 9X(n =65,r =0.966 5). CONCLUSION There is good correlation between ARCHITECT and TDx assay results. ARCHITECT has achieved a definite improvement in specificity for the parent drug compared with TDx. It can be used for routine monitoring of CsA

  10. 从住宅设计看日本建筑师的传承性%The Inherited Character of Japanese Architects:From House Design in Japan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    殷实; 徐燊

    2011-01-01

    日本建筑师在国际建筑设计界中一直扮演着异军的角色.细观日本建筑的发展,可以察觉到很多建筑师之间的传承性.该文通过分析东京工业大学建筑学系的传承脉络,以及各建筑师的住宅设计手法和理论,来阐释日本建筑的发展和传承特征.%the Japanese architects have been ploying a maverick role in the international architecture industry. The inherited character among many Japanese architects can be detected, when people pay attention to the development of architecture in Japan. This thesis explains the development of architecture in Japan and the inherited character ol Japanese architects by analysising the venotion ol inheritance in the deportment of architecture ol Tokyo institute ol Technology and the methods of house design ond theories ol architects.

  11. Ethical considerations for a better collaboration between architects and structural engineers: design of buildings with reinforced concrete frame systems in earthquake zones.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hurol, Yonca

    2014-06-01

    Architects design building structures, although structural design is the profession of structural engineers. Thus, it is better for architects and structural engineers to collaborate starting from the initial phases of the architectural design. However, this is not very common because of the contradictory design processes and value systems held within the two professions. This article provides a platform upon which architects and structural engineers can resolve the value conflicts between them by analysing phases of the structural design of reinforced concrete frame systems in architecture, the criteria of the structural design for each phase and determining the conflicting values for each criterion. The results shown in the article demonstrate that the architectural design of structures is a complex process, which is based on contradictory values and value systems. Finally, the article suggests to architects and structural engineers to use Value Sensitive Design and to choose an appropriate team leader in order to resolve the unethical conflict between them and to avoid any unreasonable decision making.

  12. Planning and Designing Academic Library Learning Spaces: Expert Perspectives of Architects, Librarians, and Library Consultants. Project Information Literacy Research Report. The Practitioner Series

    Science.gov (United States)

    Head, Alison J.

    2016-01-01

    This paper identifies approaches, challenges, and best practices related to planning and designing today's academic library learning spaces. As part of the Project Information Literacy (PIL) Practitioner Series, qualitative data is presented from 49 interviews conducted with a sample of academic librarians, architects, and library consultants.…

  13. En recuerdo de la Arquitecta Angela Schweitzer Lopetegui. / Words in tribute to the architect Angela Schweitzer Lopetegui on the occasion of his death.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guzmán Alvarez,l Euclides

    2002-07-01

    Full Text Available En memoria de una distinguida investigadora ex- alumna y ex-profesora de la F.A.U. de la Universidad de Chile. /Words in tribute to the architect Angela Schweitzer Lopetegui on the occasion of his death.

  14. Architects-in-Schools 1976-1977; The Architecture/Environmental Arts Component of the Artists-in-Schools Program of the National Endowment for the Arts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Educational Futures, Inc., Philadelphia, PA.

    This booklet describes the concepts behind the Architects-in-School Program, its objectives, roles and responsibilities. It also provides details on the Program's introduction into 62 public and private schools around the country. The residencies described are presented alphabetically by State. Each description includes information on the…

  15. Detection of antibodies to hepatitis B core antigen using the Abbott ARCHITECT anti-HBc assay: analysis of borderline reactive sera.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ollier, Laurence; Laffont, Catherine; Kechkekian, Aurore; Doglio, Alain; Giordanengo, Valérie

    2008-12-01

    Routine use of the automated chemiluminescent microparticle immunoassay Abbott ARCHITECT anti-HBc for diagnosis of hepatitis B is limited in case of borderline reactive sera with low signal close to the cut-off index. In order to determine the significance of anti-HBc detection when borderline reactivity occurs using the ARCHITECT anti-HBc assay, a comparative study was designed. 3540 serum samples collected over a 2-month period in the hospital of Nice were examined for markers of HBV infection (HBsAg, anti-HBs and anti-HBc). One hundred seven samples with sufficient volume and with borderline reactivity by the ARCHITECT assay were tested by two other anti-HBc assays, a microparticle enzyme immunoassay (MEIA, AxSYM Core, Abbott Laboratories, IL, USA) and an enzyme linked fluorescent assay (ELFA, VIDAS Anti-HBc Total II, bioMérieux, Lyon, France). Only 46 samples were confirmed by the AxSYM and the VIDAS assays. Additional serological information linked to patient history showed that the remaining samples (61) were false positives (11), had low titer of anti-HBc antibodies (13), or were inconclusive (37). This comparative study highlighted the existence of a grey zone around the cut-off index. Confirmative results through a different immunoassay are needed to confirm the diagnosis of HBV on borderline reactive sera using the ARCHITECT anti-HBc assay.

  16. Offering architects insights into experiences of living with dementia: A case study on orientation in space, time, and identity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Steenwinkel, Iris; Van Audenhove, Chantal; Heylighen, Ann

    2017-01-01

    Due to memory loss, people with dementia are increasingly disorientated in space, time, and identity, which causes profound experiences of insecurity, anxiety, and homesickness. In the case study presented in this article, we explored how architecture can support people in coping with this challenge. We took a novel approach to offer architects insights into experiences of living with dementia. Starting from a critical realist and constructionist approach, we combined ethnographic techniques with an architectural analysis. This case study offers insights into the experiences and activities of a woman living with dementia within the architectural context of her home. We describe how the physical and social environment provided her guidance through sequences of day-to-day activities. This study highlights how architecture can support people with dementia in orientating by accommodating places for (1) everyday activities and (2) privacy and togetherness.

  17. The Abbott Architect c8000: analytical performance and productivity characteristics of a new analyzer applied to general chemistry testing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pauli, Daniela; Seyfarth, Michael; Dibbelt, Leif

    2005-01-01

    Applying basic potentiometric and photometric assays, we evaluated the fully automated random access chemistry analyzer Architect c8000, a new member of the Abbott Architect system family, with respect to both its analytical and operational performance and compared it to an established high-throughput chemistry platform, the Abbott Aeroset. Our results demonstrate that intra- and inter-assay imprecision, inaccuracy, lower limit of detection and linear range of the c8000 generally meet actual requirements of laboratory diagnosis; there were only rare exceptions, e.g. assays for plasma lipase or urine uric acid which apparently need to be improved by additional rinsing of reagent pipettors. Even with plasma exhibiting CK activities as high as 40.000 U/l, sample carryover by the c8000 could not be detected. Comparison of methods run on the c8000 and the Aeroset revealed correlation coefficients of 0.98-1.00; if identical chemistries were applied on both analyzers, slopes of regression lines approached unity. With typical laboratory workloads including 10-20% STAT samples and up to 10% samples with high analyte concentrations demanding dilutional reruns, steady-state throughput numbers of 700 to 800 tests per hour were obtained with the c8000. The system generally responded to STAT orders within 2 minutes yielding analytical STAT order completion times of 5 to 15 minutes depending on the type and number of assays requested per sample. Due to its extended test and sample processing capabilities and highly comfortable software, the c8000 may meet the varying needs of clinical laboratories rather well.

  18. ‘Nudging’ as an architect of more responsible consumer choice in food service provision: The role of restaurant menu design

    OpenAIRE

    Filimonau, Viachaslau; Lemmer, Christian; D. Marshall; Bejjani, G.

    2017-01-01

    The sector of food service provision generates substantial environmental and societal impacts. Environmental impacts are particularly pronounced in terms of carbon footprint build-up while societal impacts are reflected in often unhealthy food choice. These impacts should be minimised to facilitate progress of the sector towards sustainability. A significant share of the negative impacts from food service provision is attributed to irresponsible consumer choice which needs to be architected a...

  19. [Hygiene and urban health as seen by physicians, architects and planners during the first half of the twentieth century].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ibarra, Macarena

    2016-01-01

    Physicians took part in the promotion of public policies that regulated urban and architectural work, before engineers, architects, planners, and even before the State had a chance to take part in the formulation of such policies. Starting in the late nineteenth century, and especially during the first decade of the twentieth century, the State began to lead on the issue of hygiene and public health. This paper focuses on the role of these professionals, who generated debates within their respective disciplines, or provided -as ministries, public servants or consultants- technical knowledge to the central government. These debates are still relevant for two reasons. First, they serve as reminders of the way in which the voice of these professionals was crucial not only within their respective disciplines, but also in order to place the issue of hygiene and public health on the agenda and to promote public policies related to the urban environment and its population. Secondly, these debates represent a challenge to current planners, as this historic context provides insight on the complex relationship between public health and planning, which hitherto has received little attention.

  20. Electromagnetic self-consistent field initialization and fluid advance techniques for hybrid-kinetic PWFA code Architect

    Science.gov (United States)

    Massimo, F.; Marocchino, A.; Rossi, A. R.

    2016-09-01

    The realization of Plasma Wakefield Acceleration experiments with high quality of the accelerated bunches requires an increasing number of numerical simulations to perform first-order assessments for the experimental design and online-analysis of the experimental results. Particle in Cell codes are the state-of-the-art tools to study the beam-plasma interaction mechanism, but due to their requirements in terms of number of cores and computational time makes them unsuitable for quick parametric scans. Considerable interest has been shown thus in methods which reduce the computational time needed for the simulation of plasma acceleration. Such methods include the use of hybrid kinetic-fluid models, which treat the relativistic bunches as in a PIC code and the background plasma electrons as a fluid. A technique to properly initialize the bunch electromagnetic fields in the time explicit hybrid kinetic-fluid code Architect is presented, as well the implementation of the Flux Corrected Transport scheme for the fluid equations integrated in the code.

  1. The Architect, the Planner and the Bishop: the Shapers of ‘Ordinary’ Dublin, 1940–60

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ellen Rowley

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available From the 1930s through the 1960s, Dublin’s development occurred at its periphery: wheels of narrow roadways punctuated by green spaces provided the low-density frameworks for terraced residential boxes surmounted by pitched roofs and fronted by pocket gardens. Vast structures of ecclesiastic authority, Catholic (determinedly revivalist church building and the suite of Catholic (tentatively modernist schools were presented as support structures for mass housing, thereby completing the image and experience of Dublin’s new mid-twentieth-century suburbs.Taking the 1950s genesis of one vast north Dublin neighbourhood, Raheny/Coolock, as a case study, this paper sets previously unexamined archive material from the local Catholic bishopric and Dublin Corporation alongside critical thinking about Irish Catholicism and postwar suburbia generally. Startling hand-drawn maps by local priests reveal how John Charles McQuaid, archbishop of Dublin from 1940–71, influenced Dublin’s planning processes and controlled the architectural flavour of swathes of developing parishes. This paper seeks to unpick the variously silent and active roles of the architect, the planning office, the patron and the user, in the making of the more recent, everyday built environment that is Irish suburbia.

  2. Engineering Multi-scale Electrospun Structure for Integration into Architected 3-D Nanofibers for Cimex Annihilation: Fabrication and Mechanism Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    He, Shan; Zhang, Linxi; Liu, Ying; Rafailovich, Miriam; Garcia CenterPolymers at Engineered Interfaces Team

    In this study, engineered electrospun scaffolds with fibers oriented with designed curvature in three dimensions (3D) including the looped structure were developed based on the principle of electrostatic repulsion. Here we illustrate that 3D electrospun recycled polystyrene fibers could closely mimic the unique architectures of multi-direction and multi-layer nano-spiderweb. In contrast to virgin PS, the recycled PS (Dart Styrofoam) are known to contain zinc stearate which acts as a surfactant resulting in higher electrical charge and larger fiber curvature, hence, lower modulus. The surfactant, which is known to decrease the surface tension, may have also been effective at decreasing the confinement of the PS, where chain stretching was shown to occur, in response to the high surface tension at the air interface. Three dimensional flexible architecture with complex structures are shown to be necessary in order to block the motion of Cimex lectularius. Here we show how an engineered electrospun network of surfactant modified polymer fibers with calculated dimensions can be used to immobilize the insects. The mechanical response of the fibers has to be specifically tailored so that it is elastically deformed, without fracturing or flowing. Carefully controlling and tailoring the electrospinning parameters we can now utilize architected 3D nanofiber to create an environmental-friendly Cimex immobilization device which can lead to annihilation solution for all the other harmful insects.

  3. Modelling and simulation of flight control electromechanical actuators with special focus on model architecting, multidisciplinary effects and power flows

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jian Fu

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available In the aerospace field, electromechanical actuators are increasingly being implemented in place of conventional hydraulic actuators. For safety-critical embedded actuation applications like flight controls, the use of electromechanical actuators introduces specific issues related to thermal balance, reflected inertia, parasitic motion due to compliance and response to failure. Unfortunately, the physical effects governing the actuator behaviour are multidisciplinary, coupled and nonlinear. Although numerous multi-domain and system-level simulation packages are now available on the market, these effects are rarely addressed as a whole because of a lack of scientific approaches for model architecting, multi-purpose incremental modelling and judicious model implementation. In this publication, virtual prototyping of electromechanical actuators is addressed using the Bond-Graph formalism. New approaches are proposed to enable incremental modelling, thermal balance analysis, response to free-run or jamming faults, impact of compliance on parasitic motion, and influence of temperature. A special focus is placed on friction and compliance of the mechanical transmission with fault injection and temperature dependence. Aileron actuation is used to highlight the proposals for control design, energy consumption and thermal analysis, power network pollution analysis and fault response.

  4. Reading Muranów. Memory of a place / memory of an architect. Commentary on the postwar work of Bohdan Lachert

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Uchowicz, Katarzyna

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The text concentrates on the concept of South Muranów – a residential quarter / monument realised in the area of the Warsaw ghetto by the architect Bohdan Lachert. It attempts to show this work as an artistic myth created by the artist. An analysis of the architect's texts and a reconstruction of the circumstances in which the project was realised, as well as the details of Lachert's biography reveal new layers of this architectonic palimpsest. Clear references to the bold visions of Śródmieście (City Centre by Maciej Nowicki and an adaptation for the purposes of residential quarter / place of memory experiments at transforming rubble, popular in the 1940s, provoke questions about the originality of the concept of Muranów, whose unquestionable value is the spatial composition stemming from pioneering experiments by Katarzyna Kobro, organic architecture of Frank Lloyd Wright, and Nowicki'c new functionalism. The history of the quarter is at the same time a microcosm of the initial years of rebuilding Warsaw and of the socialist realist chaos after 1949, as well as a record of the search for artistic subjectivity of a Modernist architect in a new reality.

  5. Social responsibility of the architect under the vision of professional ethics%职业伦理视野下建筑师的社会责任

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    戴秋思

    2012-01-01

    In this paper,taking the analysis of two popular cultural events in the field of architecture current as an entry point,the author gives a deep thought on the social responsibility of the local architects.Through the rational analysis based on the architect of professional ethics,the thesis gives a interpretation about the social responsibility of the architect from four aspects: become creators for city beautification movement,the person promoting sustainable development of environmental awareness,disseminators for architectural and cultural knowledge and social workers for the national economy and people's livelihood.%以当前建筑界两个热门的文化事件为切入点,对本土建筑师的社会责任进行了深刻反思。通过对建筑师职业伦理的理性分析,从成为城市美化运动的创造者、可持续人居环境意识的推动者、建筑文化知识的传播者、国计民生的社会工作者4个方面对建筑师的社会责任做了诠释。

  6. 开放式座舱显示系统关键技术研究与实现%Research and Simulation on Open- architect Cockpit Display System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹猛; 孙永荣; 王岩; 周晓达; 黄鸣丰

    2011-01-01

    随着综合化航空电子技术的发展,众多的航空电子设备被开发出来,如何使用一个统一的、开放的显示通信接口变得尤为重要.ARINC 661作为一个标准,对座舱显示系统和用户应用系统进行了定义并规范化,对模块化的航空电子系统的开发具有重要的意义.基于ARINC 661规范,分析研究了开放式CDS(Cockpit Display System)结构,对开放式CDS系统中的窗体部件串行化、ARINC 661指令层实现、坐标系统与部件渲染等关键技术进行了研究,并通过模拟的座舱显示系统进行了实验验证,证明研究所取得的成果是可行的.%As the development of avionic, more and more avionic system was designed. It is very important to use a unified open- architect cockpit display interface. ARINC 661 is a standard which normalizes the interface between CDS (Cockpit Display System) and UA( User Application). This open- architect system is very useful for developing avionic system. This paper is based on ARINC 661 specification and discusses the details of some key techniques including serialization of widgets, ARINC 661 command protocol, coordinate system and rendering widgets of a open- architect CDS. At last it shows a set of UA and CDS software which are running in a emulation environment.

  7. Energy design for architects

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shaw, A. (ed.)

    1989-01-01

    This book contains techniques for energy efficiency in architectural design. Many aspects are covered including: cost; comfort and health; energy use; the design process; and analytical techniques. 202 figs. (JF)

  8. Explorer I Architects

    Science.gov (United States)

    1958-01-01

    The three men responsible for the success of Explorer 1, America's first Earth satellite which was launched January 31, 1958. At left is Dr. William H. Pickering, former director of JPL, which built and operated the satellite. Dr. James A. van Allen, center, of the State University of Iowa, designed and built the instrument on Explorer that discovered the radiation belts which circle the Earth. At right is Dr. Wernher von Braun, leader of the Army's Redstone Arsenal team which built the first stage Redstone rocket that launched Explorer 1.

  9. Architect Wu Liangyong

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1996-01-01

    ArchitectWuLiangyongByRENJIANMIN&LIHONGHUAProfessorWuLiangyong.LijinWULIANGYONGhasdevotedhislifetoarchitecturaldesign.Inrecen...

  10. Architects of the Intellect.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fogarty, Robin

    1999-01-01

    Today's best constructivist teaching reflects the legacies of educational visionaries such as John Dewey, Jean Piaget, Lev Vygotsky, Reuven Feuerstein, Howard Gardner, and Marian Diamond. Creative cognitive designs stem from three essential elements: creative teaching genius, excellent instructional methods, and expansive, interconnective…

  11. Architecting social TV

    Science.gov (United States)

    Figuerola Salas, Óscar; Kalva, Hari

    2013-09-01

    Video consumption patterns continue to change with consumers relying more and more on on-demand Internet video and portable devices rather than traditional TV services. This new form of video service delivery and consumption makes possible more interactive and social experiences for video consumers, commonly referred to as Social TV services. This paper presents an overview of technologies and guidelines for the development of Social TV applications. A prototype using three core technologies, WebRTC, DASH, and WebSocket was developed to understand the challenges and demonstrate the feasibility of such applications.

  12. 西安世园会“大师园”评介%Review of Master Landscape Architect Gardens in Xian International Horticultural Expo

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨建辉; 杨光炤

    2011-01-01

    设置大师园是西安世园会的一个创新,大师园以其鲜明的特色展示给人们的不仅是各种充满趣味和形态多样的庭园空间,更向行业设计师传达了一种专业精神和理念。由心而发的设计、天真透明的情感、顺应时代的价值观念是大师园的精髓所在,也是我们需要认真思考的课题。%Master Landscape Architect Gardens is an innovation of Xian International Horticultural Expo.They show people not only a garden with full of interest and variety form but also convey a professional spirit and theory to the landscape architecture.Design from heart,pure emotion and values conform to the times are the core of the Master Landscape Architect Gardens.It will take us to a deeply world of issue about Landscape design.

  13. Climate-responsive design: A framework for an energy concept design-decision support tool for architects using principles of climate-responsive design

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Remco Looman

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available In climate-responsive design the building becomes an intermediary in its own energy housekeeping, forming a link between the harvest of climate resources and low energy provision of comfort. Essential here is the employment of climate-responsive building elements, defined as structural and architectural elements in which the energy infrastructure is far-reaching integrated. This thesis presents the results of research conducted on what knowledge is needed in the early stages of the design process and how to transfer and transform that knowledge to the field of the architect in order for them to successfully implement the principles of climate-responsive design. The derived content, form and functional requirements provide the framework for a design decision support tool. These requirements were incorporated into a concept tool that has been presented to architects in the field, in order to gain their feedback.Climate-responsive design makes the complex task of designing even more complex. Architects are helped when sufficient information on the basics of climate-responsive design and its implications are provided as informative support during decision making in the early design stages of analysis and energy concept development. This informative support on climate-responsive design should address to different design styles in order to be useful to any type of architects.What is defined as comfortable has far-reaching implications for the way buildings are designed and how they operate. This in turn gives an indication of the energy used for maintaining a comfortable indoor environment. Comfort is not a strict situation, but subjective. Diversity is appreciated and comfort is improved when users have the ability to exert influence on their environment. Historically, the provision of comfort has led to the adoption of mechanical climate control systems that operate in many cases indifferent from the building space and mass and its environment

  14. 风景园林师眼中的跌水别墅%Fallingwater in the Eyes of a Chinese Landscape Architect

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘家麒

    2009-01-01

    Fallingwater is a world-famous masterpiece of the American architect Frank Lloyd Wright. After visiting and studying the house, the author found out that Wright's design philosophy was based on the western thought that man will triumph over nature, which is different from that of Chinese landscape architecture that pursued the harmony of man and nature.%跌水别墅是美国建筑师赖特的著名作品.在参观研究之后,认为其设计的指导思想是西方的"人定胜天"思想,与中国风景园林的指导思想"天人合一"有所不同.

  15. Japanese Architect Shigeru Ban and His Paper Construction%日本建筑师坂茂和他的纸建筑

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李佳

    2014-01-01

    日本建筑师坂茂是人道主义实践实验建筑师的代表人物之一,以对纸建筑的研究而闻名于世界。本文对坂茂的教育背景、纸建筑实验和实践方式、纸建筑的形式美感和纸建筑的建造技术进行了简要介绍,希望可以引起读者更多的思考。%As one of the representative figures of Japanese humanitarian practice experimental architects, Shigeru Ban is famous for his study of paper architecture. The paper intro- duces Shigeru Ban’s education background, experimental and practical method of paper construction, Form aesthetic feeling of paper construction and paper building construction techn- ology to make the reader to ponder more.

  16. The architect Milan Lojanica’s Belgrade realm and visions - from a graduation project to Julino brdo and Gocław, 1962-1972

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mokranjac Aleksandra

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Attempting to highlight the specificity of the architect Milan Lojanica’s design approach, clearly distinct in his first professional decennary 1962-1972, the focus of this paper is on his firstly designed and developed, and afterwards awarded architectural masterpiece, which he realized with his associates, architects Cagić and Jovanović - i.e. the urban suprastructure of Julino brdo/Jula’s hill (1967-1970. As fifty years has passed from its first drawings, and the project documentation consists of exceptionally rare fragments only, one of the main goals of the research was the attempt to reconstruct the complete creative process - including its particular modality of construction/materialization. Although in its results merely a brief recapitulation of Lojanica’s innovative beginnings, the discourse still may provide a source-material for the genre of textbooks - from student to technical practice - regarding the rarest and almost forgotten discipline of experimental urban (masshousing, with artistic/spiritual/serene touch of a refined prefabricated system. Nonetheless, the opus of the eminent author, the respected creative endeavor of Milan Lojanica, future professor of architecture and the SASA academic, arises from its earliest stages and then permanently confirms itself as an entirety in its continuity. Therefore, the small-scale Julino brdo/Jula’s hill settlement case study is reanalyzed/rethought within Lojanica’s antecedent thematic preoccupations, and additionally within the most challenging subsequent one - the Gocław project (1972, Poland (Polska, throughout its emerging, unrivaled, innovatively envisioned - town/city of hundred-thousand-inhabitants.

  17. Performance of the architect EBV antibody panel for determination of Epstein-Barr virus infection stage in immunocompetent adolescents and young adults with clinical suspicion of infectious mononucleosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guerrero-Ramos, Alvaro; Patel, Mauli; Kadakia, Kinjal; Haque, Tanzina

    2014-06-01

    The Architect EBV antibody panel is a new chemiluminescence immunoassay system used to determine the stage of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection based on the detection of IgM and IgG antibodies to viral capsid antigen (VCA) and IgG antibodies against Epstein-Barr nuclear antigen 1 (EBNA-1). We evaluated its diagnostic accuracy in immunocompetent adolescents and young adults with clinical suspicion of infectious mononucleosis (IM) using the RecomLine EBV IgM and IgG immunoblots as the reference standard. In addition, the use of the antibody panel in a sequential testing algorithm based on initial EBNA-1 IgG analysis was assessed for cost-effectiveness. Finally, we investigated the degree of cross-reactivity of the VCA IgM marker during other primary viral infections that may present with an EBV IM-like picture. High sensitivity (98.3% [95% confidence interval {CI}, 90.7 to 99.7%]) and specificity (94.2% [95% CI, 87.9 to 97.8%]) were found after testing 162 precharacterized archived serum samples. There was perfect agreement between the use of the antibody panel in sequential and parallel testing algorithms, but substantial cost savings (23%) were obtained with the sequential strategy. A high rate of reactive VCA IgM results was found in primary cytomegalovirus (CMV) infections (60.7%). In summary, the Architect EBV antibody panel performs satisfactorily in the investigation of EBV IM in immunocompetent adolescents and young adults, and the application of an EBNA-1 IgG-based sequential testing algorithm is cost-effective in this diagnostic setting. Concomitant testing for CMV is strongly recommended to aid in the interpretation of EBV serological patterns.

  18. Relationship between Perfectionism and Job Burnout of Architects%建筑设计师完美主义与工作倦怠的关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李洁; 甘怡群; 周宇

    2012-01-01

    To explore the relationship between perfectionism and job burnout, 203 architects were measured with FMPS, Brief COPE, and MBI-GS. The data was analyzed with the structural equation mode. There were significant negative correlation between worrying about mistake and job burnout, and significant positive correlation between order and job burnout. Avoiding coping mediates partly the relationship between worrying about mistake and job burnout, totally the relationship between order and job burnout. Avoiding coping maybe have mediate effect between perfectionism and job burnout of architect. Adaptive and non-adaptive perfectionism have different meaning for occupation.%为探索完美主义与工作倦怠之间的关系,选取北京某设计院在职建筑设计师203名,用Frost多维完美主义量表、简版应对方式问卷以及工作倦怠量表MBI-GS进行调查,并利用结构方程模型进行分析。结果显示:完美主义的错误在意维度与工作倦怠负相关显著;完美主义秩序维度与工作倦怠正相关显著。回避应对在错误在意和工作倦怠之间起部分中介作用,在高秩序和工作倦怠之间起完全中介作用。建筑设计师完美主义的适应维度与非适应维度不同于其他样本。

  19. FORMATION OF THE IMAGE OF AN ARCHITECT IN THE RENAISSANCE WORKS (EXEMPLIFIED BY THE WORKS OF L.B. ALBERTI "DE RE AEDIFICATORIA" (1485 AND F. COLONNA "HYPNEROTOMACHIA POLIPHILI" (1499

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Semenova Yuliya Sergeevna

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The author considers the process of development of the architect's personality depicted in Vitruvy's uomo universale and as a scientist-theorist based on the work of L.B. Alberti where his role is the one of the founder of the imaginary world generated in the XVIIth century. The image of an architect is not static, it is transformable. Each time changes in the architectural mode of thinking, as well as in science, technology and arts, are reflected in his "faces". The paper represents a comparative analysis of antique, medieval, renaissance architectural consciousness of the XVIIth century. The idea of a universally educated personality (uomo universale, generated by Vitruvy, loses its importance in the Middle Ages. According to Alberti, the true goal of an architect was reduced to consideration of a plan and to its implementation in detailed drawings. That was already enough to speak about the project as a work of architectural art. In that case implementation of a project in reality became the business of workers rather than architects. Ideas of Alberti will find their reflection in the almost unknown novel and treatise that dates back to the end of the XVth century. It is entitled "Hypnerotomachia Poliphili'. Its authorship is attributed to Francesco Colonna, a Venetian monk. The model of «the paper architecture» which deals with ideas, rather than their material implementation will be more explicit here. (In spite of the fact, that the concept of the «paper architecture» is related to the name of G. B. Piranesi, architect of the XVIIIth century, the sources of this phenomenon are found in the Age of the Renaissance. Colonna actually cited Alberti, telling him to deal with the plan in his soul, "to always keep its completeness and wholeness", and not to fall to the level of simple builders and make building decorations. However the author of "Hypnerotomachia Poliphili", in his turn, overcomes the architectural tradition of Early

  20. A Delphi-Based Framework for systems architecting of in-orbit exploration infrastructure for human exploration beyond Low Earth Orbit

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aliakbargolkar, Alessandro; Crawley, Edward F.

    2014-01-01

    The current debate in the U.S. Human Spaceflight Program focuses on the development of the next generation of man-rated heavy lift launch vehicles. While launch vehicle systems are of critical importance for future exploration, a comprehensive analysis of the entire exploration infrastructure is required to avoid costly pitfalls at early stages of the design process. This paper addresses this need by presenting a Delphi-Based Systems Architecting Framework for integrated architectural analysis of future in-orbit infrastructure for human space exploration beyond Low Earth Orbit. The paper is structured in two parts. The first part consists of an expert elicitation study to identify objectives for the in-space transportation infrastructure. The study was conducted between November 2011 and January 2012 with 15 senior experts involved in human spaceflight in the United States and Europe. The elicitation study included the formation of three expert panels representing exploration, science, and policy stakeholders engaged in a 3-round Delphi study. The rationale behind the Delphi approach, as imported from social science research, is discussed. Finally, a novel version of the Delphi method is presented and applied to technical decision-making and systems architecting in the context of human space exploration. The second part of the paper describes a tradespace exploration study of in-orbit infrastructure coupled with a requirements definition exercise informed by expert elicitation. The uncertainties associated with technical requirements and stakeholder goals are explicitly considered in the analysis. The outcome of the expert elicitation process portrays an integrated view of perceived stakeholder needs within the human spaceflight community. Needs are subsequently converted into requirements and coupled to the system architectures of interest to analyze the correlation between exploration, science, and policy goals. Pareto analysis is used to identify architectures

  1. Design of Modern Residential Building--The Value of Architects in the Development of Real Estate%当代居住建筑设计--建筑师在房地产开发中的价值

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    扈晋贤

    2014-01-01

    本文简要梳理了居住建筑设计的发展脉络。对其在新的时代下的发展现状,从开发强度的角度进行了分类总结,揭示了建筑师在整个住宅产业链中发挥的作用和问题,道出了建筑师肩负的责任和价值所在。%This paper has described the development of the design of residential buildings. The author, from the perspecti-ve of the development strength, classified the present develop-ment situation of the design in the new era, revealing the effect and problems of the architect in the residential industry chain and explaining the architect's responsibility and value.

  2. Preprint of the Fall 1996 Meeting of the Society of Naval Architects of Japan; Nippon zosen gakkai (1996 nen) shuki koen ronbun maezuri

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-12-31

    Among the papers made public in the Fall 1996 Meeting of the Society of Naval Architects of Japan, 40 papers pertaining to resistance, propulsion, motion, and ocean were summed up as the first book. Concerning the resistance relation, the book included papers titled Analysis of wave-making characteristics of ship form by Mathieu function expansions of wave-amplitude functions derived from wave analysis; Studies on surface tension effect on free surface flow around floating models; Numerical computation of viscous flows with free surface around a series 60 model; etc. As to the propulsion and motion, Design system for optimum contra-rotating propellers; Performance of the patrol icebreaker `TESHIO` in ice-covered waters; A study on effect of bow shape on icebreaking resistance; Time domain analysis of ship response in directional irregular wave; Study on prediction method for hydrodynamic force acting on a ship hull in swaying motion; etc. With relation to the ocean relation, On statistical properties of wave amplitudes in stormy sea; Statistical properties of encounter wave grouping phenomena in following and quartering seas; Development of hybrid type on board measuring system for directional wave spectrum; etc.

  3. Preprint of the papers of the Spring 1997 Meeting of the Society of Naval Architects of Japan; Nippon zoen gakkai (1997 nen) shunki koen ronbun mazezuri

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-08-01

    This is a proceedings of the Spring 1997 Meeting of the Society of Naval Architects of Japan. It includes 21 papers on resistance, propulsion, movement and ocean relating to ships and floating structures. Recently, large floating structures have been regarded as promising as ocean structures having potential usability for floating airports, etc., and the response to lots of waves is being studied. The title `Numerical response analysis of a large pontoon-type or mat-type floating structure in regular waves` will be useful. Moreover, the pontoon-type floating body being proposed as the floating airport is very large having a length of 5,000m and a width of 1,000m, but very small having a thickness of 5m at thickest, several figures smaller than the dimension of the horizontal plane. Therefore, it is predicted that large elastic deformation is induced by dynamic external force such as waves. Accordingly, the title `On the prediction of hydroelastic behaviors of a huge floating structure in waves` is a useful paper.

  4. Adjustment of the architecture to the bioclimatic conditions of the environment on case study of the monsoon modernism of architect Geoffrey Bawa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Danilović-Hristić Nataša

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Geoffrey Bawa (1919-2003, not well known in our ambience, was Sri Lanka's most influential architect and South Asia's leading guru of unique style, named tropical architecture. The distinction of his work is outstanding aesthetic sensitivity to site and context, especially to peculiar climatic conditions and demands. For his architectural opus he received in 2001 prestigious Aga Khan Award for Architecture, Special Chairman's Award. Although he started to engage in architecture late, in age of 38, soon he became a noted by his inventiveness in forming new canons and prototypes of modern architecture, based on traditional knowledge and perfectly fitted in local surrounding. Bawa created sustainable architecture even before the term started to be used and his masterpieces broke down the barrier between inside and outside space, designing of the interior and landscaping, reducing the building to a series of scenic spaces separated by courtyards and gardens. He is well known by his designs for private villas and hotels, but his portfolio contains public building, as schools and universities, new Sri Lanka's Parliament, sacral, office and industrial structures. Through the presentation of several projects, the paper analyzes his development path and basic characteristics of so called 'monsoon modernism' and special relationship to the bioclimatic conditions of the environment.

  5. Preprint of the papers of the Spring 1997 Meeting of the Society of Naval Architects of Japan; Nippon zosen gakkai (1997 nen) shunki koen ronbun maezuri

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-08-01

    This is a proceedings of the Spring 1997 Meeting of the Society of Naval Architects of Japan. It includes 19 papers on structures, materials, welding, building, design and machinery of ships and floating structures. For the automation of ocean surveys, a development is conducted of cruising-type autonomous underwater vehicles (AUV). The following are important studies: `Development of a small cruising-type AUV and training of constant altitude swimming,` `Visual feedback navigation for cable tracking by autonomous underwater vehicles,` and `Development of the hull inspection robot (RTV-SHIP).` Large floating bodies for the ocean space utilization are being proposed, and the following are useful for strength analyses: `Structural analyses of very large semi-submersibles in waves,` `An investigation on the dynamic response and strength of very long floating structures by beam modeling on an elastic foundation` relating especially to pontoon-type floating bodies with no mooring, and `A basic investigation on deflection wave propagation and strength of very large floating structures.` The title `Temperature effect on corrosion fatigue strength of coated ship structural steel` is very useful for prevention of the hull corrosion.

  6. Preprint of the Fall 1996 Meeting of the Society of Naval Architects of Japan; Nippon zosen gakkai (1996 nen) shuki koen ronbun maezuri

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-12-31

    Among the papers made public in the Fall 1996 Meeting of the Society of Naval Architects of Japan, 35 papers pertaining to structure, materials, welding, construction and design were summed up as the second book. Concerning structure and materials relations, the book included papers titled An elasto-plastic analysis and the resisting mechanism during large deflection of thin shell structures; Collapse behaviour of stiffened plating under thrust; Post-yield behavior of ship plates; Strength of aluminum alloy members for hull structures; etc. With relation to welding and construction relations, Fatigue strength evaluation method using local and structural stress concentration factors for weld toe of welded joint; Practical evaluation of CTOD for highly strain concentrated structural components; Evaluation of HAZ fracture toughness of welded joints with strength mis-matching by the local approach; etc. As to the design relation, A study of structural optimization design system based on product model in shipbuilding; Basic studies on design supporting system of offshore structures; etc.

  7. FIRST STEPS IN URBAN PLANNING OF BULGARIAN CITIES WITH PARTICIPATION OF CZECH ARCHITECTS AND ENGINEERS AT THE TURN OF 19TH AND 20TH CENTURIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nikolay Brankov

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This article focuses on beginnings of the urban planning and first organized planning activities of Bulgarian cities at the turn of 19th and 20th centuries when many Czech engineers and architects participated in significantly. A common feature of all Bulgarian cities was irregular structure and build-up area. The main task of the Czech engineers was to cope with this situation and to design modern cities. In general, the original structure did not make planning easy and unambiguous. Planning of the cities destroyed in the Russian-Turkish war in 1877-78 was easier. A possibility to apply a new city structure freely existed in Stara Zagora and partially in Nova Zagora. A usual principle was straightening of the streets where the engineers used original street network and the new modern streets were built according to it, e.g. the centre of Kystendil and the old part of Nova Zagora. These principles were used also in some central parts of Sofia and Plovdiv. The city of Sofia itself is a distinctive example. Although the original structure was preserved during the war and in the first steps the principle of straightening of the streets in the centre was applied, the other parts of Sofia were designed with a new structure and the old city disappeared. Plovdiv is in contrary to Sofia and its original structure was preserved as an old city and the new one was joined to it in neighbourhoods.

  8. 92nd Meeting of West Japan Society of Naval Architects. Summary of papers; Seibu zosenkai dai 92 kai reikai. Ronbun kogai

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-04-10

    The 92nd Meeting of West Japan Society of Naval Architects was held at Shimonoseki city on May 9 and 10, 1996, and 27 papers were made public. As for hydrodynamic force, the following were reported: Hydrodynamic interference between hull and submerged foils; An experimental research on maneuvering hydrodynamic force interference coefficients; A research on the method to estimate maneuvering hydrodynamic force at swirl motion; An experimental research on the method to estimate hydrodynamic force added to floating offshore structures, etc. As to the high-speed hydrofoil catamaran, Cabin connected to hull by spring and its riding comfort in waves, and Cabin connected to hull and vibration response. Relating to fundamental experiments, An experiment on vibration in water of the cylinder shell fixed in water; An research on fracture behavior of rectangular waves under water pressure; Buckling of the continuous stiffened plate under in-plane compressive loads; An research on plasticity decay behavior, etc. In addition, The aesthetics of ship design and the dynamic symmetry; Spilt oil pollution preventive measures and effects of the ocean preservation, etc.

  9. Age- and Gender-Specific Reference Intervals for Fasting Blood Glucose and Lipid Levels in School Children Measured With Abbott Architect c8000 Chemistry Analyzer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tamimi, Waleed; Albanyan, Esam; Altwaijri, Yasmin; Tamim, Hani; Alhussein, Fahad

    2012-04-01

    Reference intervals for pubertal characteristics are influenced by genetic, geographic, dietary and socioeconomic factors. Therefore, the aim of this study was to establish age-specific reference intervals of glucose and lipid levels among local school children. This was cross-sectional study, conducted among Saudi school children. Fasting blood samples were collected from 2149 children, 1138 (53%) boys and 1011 (47%) girls, aged 6 to 18 years old. Samples were analyzed on the Architect c8000 Chemistry System (Abbott Diagnostics, USA) for glucose, cholesterol, triglycerides, HDL and LDL. Reference intervals were established by nonparametric methods between the 2.5th and 97.5th percentiles. Significant differences were observed between boys and girls for cholesterol and triglycerides levels in all age groups (P < 0.02). Only at age 6-7 years and at adolescents, HDL and LDL levels were found to be significant (P < 0.001). No significant differences were seen in glucose levels except at age 12 to 13 years. Saudi children have comparable serum cholesterol levels than their Western counterparts. This may reflect changing dietary habits and increasing affluence in Saudi Arabia. Increased lipid screening is anticipated, and these reference intervals will aid in the early assessment of cardiovascular and diabetes risk in Saudi pediatric populations.

  10. Image-Based 3d Reconstruction Data as AN Analysis and Documentation Tool for Architects: the Case of Plaka Bridge in Greece

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kouimtzoglou, T.; Stathopoulou, E. K.; Agrafiotis, P.; Georgopoulos, A.

    2017-02-01

    Μodern advances in the field of image-based 3D reconstruction of complex architectures are valuable tools that may offer the researchers great possibilities integrating the use of such procedures in their studies. In the same way that photogrammetry was a well-known useful tool among the cultural heritage community for years, the state of the art reconstruction techniques generate complete and easy to use 3D data, thus enabling engineers, architects and other cultural heritage experts to approach their case studies in an exhaustive and efficient way. The generated data can be a valuable and accurate basis upon which further plans and studies will be drafted. These and other aspects of the use of image-based 3D data for architectural studies are to be presented and analysed in this paper, based on the experience gained from a specific case study, the Plaka Bridge. This historic structure is of particular interest, as it was recently lost due to extreme weather conditions and serves as a strong proof that preventive actions are of utmost importance in order to preserve our common past.

  11. Information Requirements of Landscape Architects Çağdaş Bir Mesleğin Belge-Bilgi Gereksinimi: Peyzaj Mimarlığı

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oya Akkan

    1993-09-01

    Full Text Available Text of a speech given on 1 April 1993 during the Library Week . Difficulties faced by landcape architects, who do research work, in access to information have been expressed as lack of guidance on how and where to find information; limited open hours or not being able to take photocopies even if the service is open beyond office hours; lack of a thesaurus for landscape architecture to choose the right terms for an online literature search; insufficiency of the number of periodicals available in the country; lack of copying facilities for nonbook materials such as plans, slides, engravings, sound and video cassettes. Konuşmada, peyzaj mimarlarının bilgi edinme konusunda karşılaştıkları sorunlar, hangi bilginin nerede bulunduğunu saptamada karşılaşılan güçlükler, yöneltici rehber kaynakların eksikliği; kütüphane ve bilgi merkezlerinin açık olduğu saatlerin resmi çalışma saaatleri ile çakışması ya da bu saatlerin dışında açık olsalar bile fotokopi alınamaması, çevrimiçi yayın taraması yaptırabilmek için doğru anahtar sözcükleri seçmek için bir gömünün olmayışı; konuyla ilgili yeterli sayıda dergi bulunmaması; kitap dışı materyallere erişim ve kopya almada karşılaşılan güçlükler olarak dile getirilmiştir.

  12. The Performance Validation of Three Kinds Tumor Markers Measured by ABBOTT ARCHITECT I2000%雅培ARCHITECT i2000 SR型全自动免疫发光仪测量3种肿瘤标记物的性能验证

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘洋; 葛亮; 顾万建; 徐天

    2014-01-01

    目的:通过对科室购入的雅培ARCHITECT i2000 SR型全自动免疫发光仪3种瘤标志物的性能验证,探讨全自动免疫发光仪合适有效的验证方案和实验方法。方法按CLSI 推荐的方法测定3种肿瘤标志物(CAl25Ⅱ,CA153,CAl99-XR)的精密度、准确度、性范围、生物参考区间,并进行验证。结果3项肿瘤标志物的方法学评价结果均符合本科室的质量要求。结论雅培ARCHITECT i2000化学发光分析仪检测系统性能满足临床和科室要求,评价方案科学适当。仪器应按要求保养,每年至少进行一次性能验证。设备商提供的数据必须经过科室严格的性能评价,以验证厂家声明,保证实验结果准确可靠。%Objective By validating the performance of three kinds tumor marks to explore appropriate and effective programs of verification and experimental methods for automatic immune luminescence instrument .Results Three tumor markers methodological evaluation results are in line with the quality of the undergraduate chamber .Conclusions The performance of Abbott ARCHITECT i 2000 chemiluminescent analyzer system meet the requirements of clinical and labo -ratory.The evaluating programs are scientific and appropriate .The instrument must be maintained according to the re-quirements and complete performance verification at least once a year.Data supplied by equipment must undergo rigorous performance evaluation of department to verify the declare of manufacturers so ensuring the accurate and reliable results .

  13. Walter Menteth, lead consultant architect, Walter Menteth Architects

    OpenAIRE

    Menteth, Walter

    2013-01-01

    Be clear about the objectives for entering a competition as participation doesn't come cheap. Everyone wants to win but competitions can also be a valuable vehicle for the development of practice, presentation skills and, sometimes publicity.

  14. Architecting Science: Practical Tools for Architecting Flexible Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-08-31

    other provision of law , no person shall be subject to any penalty for failing to comply with a collection of information if it does not display a...Negotiations are currently underway for a private company to license the software developed under the portion of this grant. The contributions of the...3 u u 0 0 0 o| 11 0 u AV CDL Antenna llB 1| 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 ll 0 u e,V CDL Transceiver 0 0 0 ~5M I 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 V

  15. 雅培Architect i2000,罗氏E170模块分析对血清乙型肝炎病毒标志物检测的比较

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗维民

    2010-01-01

    乙型肝炎病毒(HBV)血清标志物是流行病学筛查和HBV感染临床诊断的重要数据.为比较不同方法对于乙肝标志物的检测性能,我们采用罗氏Modular Analytics E170 仪器、雅培Architect i2000仪器和放射性免疫分析(IRMA)等3种方法,分别检测264例血清样本中的乙肝病毒表面抗原(HBsAg)、263例血清样本中的表面抗体(anti-HBs)、224例血清样本中的e抗原(HBeAg)和202例血清样本中的e抗体 (anti-HBe),不同方法检测HBeAg的矛盾结果由定量PCR来确定.结果显示,3种方法检测的一致率很高,分别达到100% (HBsAg),94.6%(anti-HBs),91.6%(HBeAg)和82.2%(anti-HBe).罗氏E170模块和雅培Architect i2000可对anti-HBs定量,低水平anti-HBs样本可观察到不符结果;3种方法检测anti-HBe的阳性率分别为Modular E170(60.9%),IRMA 试剂盒(54.1%)和Architect i2000(51.0%).

  16. Photovoltaic systems. A guide for electricians, roofers, projecting engineers and architects; Photovoltaische Anlagen. Leitfaden fuer Elektriker, Dachdecker, Fachplaner, Architekten und Bauherren

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Haselhuhn, R.; Berger, F.; Hasenoehrl, G.; Morsch, R.; Quaschning, V.; Rauscher, S.; Seltmann, T.; Hartmann, U.

    2001-07-01

    can-polluting and sustainable power supply will rely heavily on photovoltaic systems. Experience has shown that the development of PV systems cannot be assured without careful, high-quality planning dimensioning, installation, commissioning and maintenance. This guide contains comprehensive information on all aspects of PV systems. It addresses architects, projecting engineers, builder-owners, electricians and roofers, as well as decision-makers on state and community level with the intention of informing them on the latest state of the art. Contents: 1. Functional principles, design, characteristics and properties of components, modules and current inverters; 2. in situ analysis and site analysis; 3. shading analysis; 4. Optimal planning, dimensioning and design; 5. simulation programmes; 6. installation, commissioning, failure detection and maintenance; 7. assembly systems and integration options; 8. funding programmes. To facilitate updating, the book is in the form of a loose-leaf collection. [German] Fuer eine klimavertraegliche und nachhaltige zukuenftige Energieversorgung Deutschlands ist der massive Ausbau der Photovoltaik unabdingbar. Die Rahmenbedingungen fuer einen solchen Ausbau sind geschaffen, der Markt befindet sich zur Zeit im Umbruch. In Deutschland werden von einem solchen Ausbau in erster Linie netzgekoppelte PV-Anlagen betroffen sein. Die Erfahrungen mit der Performance solcher Anlagen (1.000-Daecher-Programm, Programm Sonne in der Schule, Schweizer Foerderprogramm etc.) haben allerdings gezeigt, dass ohne eine sorgfaeltige und auf hohem Niveau stehende Planung, Dimensionierung, Installation, Inbetriebnahme und Wartung der optimale Ertrag und damit der Beitrag zum Klimaschutz nicht gewaehrleistet werden kann. Aus diesen Gruenden ist es notwendig und sinnvill, Architekten, Planern, Bauherren, Installationsbetrieben (sowohl Elektrikern als auch Dachdeckern) und last but not least den Entscheidungstraegern in Laendern und Kommunen ein

  17. Attractors: architects of network organization?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mpitsos, G J

    2000-05-01

    An attractor is defined here informally as a state of activity toward which a system settles. The settling or relaxation process dissipates the effects produced by external perturbations. In neural systems the relaxation process occurs temporally in the responses of each neuron and spatially across the network such that the activity settles into a subset of the available connections. Within limits, the set of neurons toward which the coordinated neural firing settles can be different from one time to another, and a given set of neurons can generate different types of attractor activity, depending on how the input environment activates the network. Findings such as these indicate that though information resides in the details of neuroanatomic structure, the expression of this information is in the dynamics of attractors. As such, attractors are sources of information that can be used not only in adaptive behavior, but also to effect the neural architecture that generates the attractor. The discussion here focuses on the latter possibility. A conjecture is offered to show that the relaxation dynamic of an attractor may 'guide' activity-dependent learning processes in such a way that synaptic strengths, firing thresholds, the physical connections between neurons, and the size of the network are automatically set in an optimal, interrelated fashion. This inter-relatedness among network parameters would not be expected from more classical, 'switchboard' approaches to neural integration. The ideas are discussed within the context of 'pulse-propagated networks' or equivalently as 'spike-activated networks' in which the specific order in time intervals between action potentials carries important information for cooperative activity to emerge among neurons in a network. Though the proposed ideas are forward-looking, being based on preliminary work in biological and artificial networks, they are testable in biological neural networks reconstructed from identified neurons in cell culture and in simulation models of them.

  18. Architects in Danish Graphic Design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ejlers, Steen

    1997-01-01

    Danske arkitekter har ydet et afgørende bidrag til dansk grafisk design i det 20. århundrede. Artiklen omtaler Thorvald Bindesbøll, Knud V Engelhardt, Gunnar Biilmann Petersen, Ib Andersen, Claus Achton Friis og Naur Klint.  Udgivelsesdato: 1997...

  19. SOX genes: architects of development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prior, H M; Walter, M A

    1996-07-01

    Development in higher organisms involves complex genetic regulation at the molecular level. The emerging picture of development control includes several families of master regulatory genes which can affect the expression of down-stream target genes in developmental cascade pathways. One new family of such development regulators is the SOX gene family. The SOX genes are named for a shared motif called the SRY box a region homologous to the DNA-binding domain of SRY, the mammalian sex determining gene. Like SRY, SOX genes play important roles in chordate development. At least a dozen human SOX genes have been identified and partially characterized (Tables 1 and 2). Mutations in SOX9 have recently been linked to campomelic dysplasia and autosomal sex reversal, and other SOX genes may also be associated with human disease.

  20. Architecting Service-Oriented Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-01

    open.org/ws-rx/wsrm/200702/wsrm-1.1-spec-os-01.pdf [OMG 2009a] Object Management Group. Business Process Model and Notation ( BPMN ) Version 2.0 Beta... BPMN . May 2004. http://www.bpmn.org/Documents/Introduction_to_BPMN.pdf [WS-I 2010] WS-I. Web Services Interoperability Organization. http://www.ws...i.org (2010). [zur Muehlen 2008] zur Muehlen, Michael. How much BPMN do you need? March 2008. http://www.bpm- research.com/2008/03/03/how-much- bpmn -do

  1. nArchitects,美国

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ Design Concept An environmentally responsive exterior street configuration is proposed as a relevant, sustainable model for housing in Wuhan's sub-tropical climate. This strategy allows for cross ventilation, minimises the thermally conditioned envelope,and enfolding the building in a tempering layer that reduces heat gain to the units. Pre-fabricated structural steel components are kept small for ease of transport and assembly, and the design maximises the use of local trades and craftspeople.

  2. Social architects in social systems?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thomsen, Rie; Nordentoft, Helle Merete; Sommerlund, Charlotte

    Theoretical background Presently Europe is facing a key challenge to keep young people in the educational system, to maintain and to stimulate their motivation to develop as humans and professional in spite of the devastating economic crisis Europe is going through. Many see guidance as a key ele...... and Youth Directorate, City Office www.malmo.se/mangfaldiskolan. Reason, P., & Bradbury, H. (2001). Handbook of Action Research. London: Sage Publications.......-based knowledge and on building knowledge on equal terms (Härnsten, 1994). The idea is that research circles support knowledge creation as a joint venture where joint venture focuses on both the development of theory and the development of practice (Mørck & Huniche, 2006). Purpose and Design The overall purpose...... young people drop out and importantly, the challenges and limitations in doing guidance as we propose in this paper. References Dreier, O. (2009). Persons in Structures of Social Practice. Theory & Psychology, 19(2), 193-212. doi: 10.1177/0959354309103539 Härnsten, G. (1994). The research circle...

  3. Architects of the Information Age

    CERN Document Server

    Curley, Robert

    2012-01-01

    The rapid development of computer technology since the mid-20th century would not have even been imaginable without the brainpower of individuals dedicated to innovation and turning the seemingly impossible into reality. As far back as the eighteenth century, inventors began setting the stage for future minds to advance hardware and software that would change our world forever. This engaging volume introduces readers to the titans of the technology industry, including Bill Gates, Steve Jobs, and Mark Zuckerberg, among many others.

  4. Security basics for computer architects

    CERN Document Server

    Lee, Ruby B

    2013-01-01

    Design for security is an essential aspect of the design of future computers. However, security is not well understood by the computer architecture community. Many important security aspects have evolved over the last several decades in the cryptography, operating systems, and networking communities. This book attempts to introduce the computer architecture student, researcher, or practitioner to the basic concepts of security and threat-based design. Past work in different security communities can inform our thinking and provide a rich set of technologies for building architectural support fo

  5. Architecting for usability : a survey

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Folmer, E; Bosch, J

    2004-01-01

    Over the years the software engineering community has increasingly realized the important role software architecture plays in fulfilling the quality requirements of a system. The quality attributes of a software system are, to a large extent determined by the system's software architecture. In recen

  6. Problems of Chinese architects and dual of 4 colorings%中国建筑师问题与对偶问题的4着色

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    侴万禧; 班福志; 李晓毅; 刘畅

    2012-01-01

    This paper proposes the Chinese architects' problems. It clarifies that the basic ideas in solving Chinese architecture problems, discovers method of forest decomposition for the dual graph with 4 top colorings, and gives 3 methods for forest decomposition. The whole process for 25 tops, 69 edges, and 45 surfaces of dual graphs 4 top colorings are introduced. It discusses the numbers of H paths, the forests partition scheme for region A and region B, and the scheme numbers of dual graphs for 4 top colorings. The problems of dual graphs for 4 top colorings are solved. Use the methods of dual graphs for 4 top colorings, we can remedy the loophole of the proof for Kempe Guess of 4 colorings. It also succeed for solving 12 icosahedrons, 20 icosahedrons, 22 icosahedrons, and 32 icosahedrons of the problems with dual graphs 4 top colorings. It gives a new effective way in deal with dual graphs for spanning trees construction and count respect.%提出了中国建筑师问题,阐明了求解中国建筑师问题的基本思路.介绍了25个顶点、69个边、45个面的对偶图的顶点4着色的全过程.将对偶图分解成含2棵可以2着色的对偶树的森林,在以r、b两色为对偶树得到的顶点实施2着色,以y、g两色为对偶树得到的顶点实施2着色,从而实施对偶图顶点的4着色.阐述了对偶图的4着色关键是将对偶图分解出森林,提出了3个森林的分解方法,讨论了H路径的个数、森林的个数、对偶图的A区和B区划分方案、对偶图的顶点4着色方案数.解决了对偶图顶点的4着色问题,利用对偶图顶点4着色方法使Kempe 四色猜想“证明”中的漏洞得到了弥补.将此种方法用于12面体、20面体、22面体、32面体的对偶图的4色问题,并取得了成功.

  7. Ceremony for the laying of the foundation stone of Building 42. From left to right: Architect J. Perret, CERN Director-General R. Heuer, Geneva State Councillor in charge of the Institutions Department L. Moutinot, State Secretary for Education and Research M. Dell’Ambrogio and Mayor of Meyrin R .Sansonnen.

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien.brice

    2009-01-01

    Picture 01 : from left to right, architect J. Perret, Director-General R. Heuer, Geneva State Councillor Head of the Department of Institutions, State Secretary for Education and Research M. Dell'Ambrogio and the Mayor of the Commune of Meyrin R. Sansonnens on 9th September 2009

  8. KTV式的欢唱与失落——当下中国建筑师的执业状态的另一种解说%Laughter and Depression: On the Current Working State of Chinese Architects

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹晓昕

    2011-01-01

    尽管定义中国建筑师的执业状态非常困难,笔者仍旧通过中国特有的“多、快、好、省”设计现象背后,用KTV式的欢唱作类比,给出当下中国建筑师的执业状态的另一种导读。%Although it's hard to define Chinese architects' working state, this paper still penetrates the phenomenon of pursuing larger quantity, greater speed, better quality and lower cost, which emerge solely in China, by making an analogy between it and karaoke to give the current working state of Chinese architects from another point of view.

  9. The Institute of Landscape Architects in Malaysia Visited Chinese Society of Landscape Architecture%马来西亚风景园林师协会代表团访问中国风景园林学会

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    付彦荣

    2008-01-01

    应中国风景园林学会周干峙理事长邀请,马来西亚风景园林师协会:the Institute of Landscape Architects In Malaysia)会长达托·哈基·伊暂梅尔·宾·恩歌(Dato' Haji Ismail Bin Ngah)率代表园到中国访问。2008年4月10日下午,双方在北京景山公园进行了座谈:沟通了两国风景园林行业的发展和学会工作情况,并就开展两会间的交流与合作进行了探讨。

  10. Proceedings of the Spring Meeting of the Society of Naval Architects of Japan (1996). Part 2. Structure, materials, welding, construction, and design; Nihon zosen gakkai (1996 nen) shunki koen ronbun maezuri. 2. Kozo, zairyo, yosetsu, kosaku, sekkei

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-12-31

    This is a proceedings of the Spring Meeting of the Society of Naval Architects of Japan made public on May 15 and 16, 1996. In the basic research, the following are included: Basic studies on computer aided concurrent engineering for hull structure design and piping design; Fundamental study on the new method to estimate vibration level on a ship; Flat plate approximation in the three-dimensional slamming; Development of new finite element by source method, etc. As to fracture and cracks, Equivalent CTOD concept based on the local approach and its application to fracture performance evaluation of welded joints; Fracture mechanical modeling of brittle crack propagation and arrest of steel; An evaluation method for ductile crack propagation in pre-strained plates; Multiple fatigue cracks propagating in a stiffened panel, etc. Relating to fatigue strength, Fatigue life estimation of welded joints of an aluminum alloy under superimposed random load waves; Study on unified fatigue strength assessment method for welded structure, etc.

  11. 网络环境下文档流转管控系统的概念及架构%The Conception and Architect of Document Flow Systems in Network

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈晨; 张炜

    2013-01-01

      该文首先介绍网络环境下文档流转管控系统的概念,指出网络条件下文档流转应遵循的标准。其次给出文档流转管控系统的架构,分析系统各部分组成及功能。最后总结系统的特点,得出系统能有效防止文档泄漏的结论。%This article firstly introduces the conception of Document Flow System in network environment, which indicates the principles of managing and controlling documents. Secondly it shows the architect of the Document Flow System, analyzes the components and functions of the system. Finally it summarizes the characteristics of the system, concludes that the system can ef-fectively prevent the leakage of documents.

  12. Development of fully automated determination of marker-specific immunoglobulin G (IgG) avidity based on the avidity competition assay format: application for Abbott Architect cytomegalovirus and Toxo IgG Avidity assays.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Curdt, Ingo; Praast, Gerald; Sickinger, Eva; Schultess, Jan; Herold, Iris; Braun, Hans Bertram; Bernhardt, Stephanie; Maine, Gregory T; Smith, Darwin D; Hsu, Stephen; Christ, Heike M; Pucci, Dominick; Hausmann, Michael; Herzogenrath, Jörg

    2009-03-01

    Determination of the avidity of immunoglobulin G (IgG) directed against a specific marker has become an established diagnostic tool for identifying or excluding acute infections with pathogens. A novel assay format termed AVIcomp (avidity competition based on mass action) circumventing the conventional chaotropic format has been developed for determination of the avidity of marker-specific IgG in patient specimens. Its applications for cytomegalovirus (CMV) and Toxoplasma gondii are presented. Specific high-avidity IgG from the patient specimen is selectively blocked using a soluble antigen in a sample pretreatment reagent, and the amount of remaining specific low-avidity IgG is determined relative to that in an untreated control. The comparison of the conventional chaotropic format, represented by the Radim CMV IgG Avidity assay, and the newly developed AVIcomp method, as exemplified by the Architect CMV IgG Avidity assay, on blood drawn within 4 months after seroconversion revealed a sensitivity of 100% (97.3% by an alternative calculation) for the AVIcomp format versus 87.5% (75.7% by an alternative calculation) for the chaotropic avidity assay. The specificity on 312 CMV IgG reactive and CMV IgM nonreactive specimens from pregnant women was 100% for the AVIcomp assay and 99.7% for the conventional avidity assay. The Architect Toxo IgG Avidity assay showed an agreement of 97.2% with the bioMérieux Vidas Toxo IgG Avidity Assay employing chaotropic reagents. These performance data suggest that the AVIcomp format shows superior sensitivity and equivalent specificity for the determination of IgG avidity to assays based on the chaotropic method and that the AVIcomp format may also be applicable to other disease states.

  13. RESEARCH ON LOW CARBON BUILDING DESIGN PATTERN-CLIMATE CHANGE COPING STRATEGIES OF THE ROYAL INSTITUTE OF BRITISH ARCHITECTS%低碳建筑设计模式研究--英国皇家建筑师协会气候变化应对策略

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱文莉; 王晓军; 赵强

    2016-01-01

    针对英国政府推出的碳减排相关的法令法规,英国皇家建筑师协会制定了低碳建筑设计模式,内容包括低碳建筑的设计原则、设计标准、设计方法以及评价方法,为建筑师提供通过设计手段减少建筑碳排放的基础方法,实现建筑领域的可持续发展。%In response to the related regulations issued by British government, the Royal Institute of British Architects formulated low carbon building design mode, which incorporated design principle, design standards, design and evaluation methods to provide architects with foundational approach of reducing building carbon emission to realize sustainable development of construction field.

  14. L’ensemble du Main Building au CERN à Genève, Peter Steiger et Rudolf Steiger architectes, Carl Hubacher, Fietz et Hauri ingénieurs, 1954-1960 recommandations pour une réhabilitation

    CERN Document Server

    Wohlschlag, Jérôme; Marino, Giulia

    Les bâtiments qui ont écrit l’histoire de l’architecture moderne vivent une période décisive: souffrant de nombreux maux dus à leurs âges, d’une méconnaissance, et parfois même d’une certaine impopularité, les menaces sont de plus en plus concrètes: d’une transformation normative et inadaptée jusqu’à la démolition. Ces oeuvres représentent un réel patrimoine pour la collectivité, que les effets du temps ont fini par occulter. Le vieillissement et le pragmatisme quotidien transformant l’édifice, les qualités qui l’ont placé au statut qu’on lui a reconnu ne sont presque plus perceptibles. Pourtant, ces édifices recèlent un grand potentiel; pour les maîtres d’ouvrage au bénéfice d’un bien valorisé, exploité et emblématique d’une part; pour la société enrichissant son patrimoine culturel d’autre part; finalement pour les architectes comme moyen de connaissance, source d’inspiration et ressource professionnelle. Le site du CERN à Meyrin, de par son extrater...

  15. Proceedings of the Spring Meeting of the Society of Naval Architects of Japan (1996). Part 1. Resistance, propulsion, advance, and ocean; Nihon zosen gakkai (1996 nen) shunki koen ronbun maezuri. 1. Teiko, suishin shindo, kaiyo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-12-31

    This is a proceedings of the Spring Meeting of the Society of Naval Architects of Japan made public on May 15 and 16, 1996. In the basic research, the following were included: Numerical simulation for submerged body fitted with hydrofoil; Simulation of tandem hydrofoils by finite volume method with moving grid system; Determination of the unknown method surface of planning plates by a formulation based on high aspect ratio approximation; Numerical simulation of a bubble flow by modified density function method, etc. As to floating bodies, Response characteristics of a long life type floating offshore airport in waves (3rd report: Response due to short waves and an attempt of active inclination control); Feasibility design of a floating airport and estimation of environmental forces on it; On the estimation method of hydrodynamic forces acting on a huge floating structure, etc. In addition, A numerical prediction with `DMDF` model of pack ice motion in the Okhotsk Sea; Development of an observation robot `Flying Fish` for comprehensive measurements of ocean environment; Water entry simulation of free-fall lifeboat, etc.

  16. Evaluation of the Architect Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV) viral capsid antigen (VCA) IgG, VCA IgM, and EBV nuclear antigen 1 IgG chemiluminescent immunoassays for detection of EBV antibodies and categorization of EBV infection status using immunofluorescence assays as the reference method.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Corrales, Isabel; Giménez, Estela; Navarro, David

    2014-05-01

    Commercial immunoassays for detecting IgG and IgM antibodies against Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), viral capsid antigens (VCA), and IgGs toward EBV nuclear antigen-1 (EBNA-1) are routinely used in combination to categorize EBV infection status. In this study, we evaluated the performances of the Architect EBV VCA IgG, VCA IgM, and EBNA-1 IgG chemiluminescent microparticle assays (CMIAs) in EBV serological analyses using indirect immunofluorescence assays and anticomplement immunofluorescence assays as the reference methods for VCA IgG, VCA IgM, and EBNA-1 IgG antibody detection, respectively. A total of 365 serum samples representing different EBV serological profiles were included in this study. The κ values (concordances between the results) obtained in the Architect CMIA and those in the reference assays were 0.905 (P EBV infection, and 92.42% and 97.82% for diagnosing the absence of an EBV infection. In summary, we demonstrated that the Architect EBV antibody panel performs very well for EBV antibody detection and correctly categorizes clinically relevant EBV infection states.

  17. Atributos críticos de satisfação em serviços de arquitetura: visão do cliente × visão do arquiteto Critical satisfaction attributes in architectural services: comparison of clients' and architects' points of view

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isabela Winter Almada

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho tem por objetivo identificar se a percepção sobre os atributos necessários para a satisfação do cliente em projetos residenciais (construção ou reformas são os mesmos entre clientes e arquitetos. Trata-se de uma pesquisa quantitativa exploratória, que emprega questionários estruturados não disfarçados como instrumento de coleta de dados. Os 15 atributos pesquisados foram definidos por meio da literatura. A coleta de dados foi realizada com 100 clientes pessoas físicas e 30 profissionais. Os resultados da pesquisa indicam que os clientes esperam que o arquiteto resolva o seu problema e consiga entender as suas necessidades, sem necessidade de alterações ou muitas interações com o cliente. Na visão dos clientes, o serviço a ser prestado pelos arquitetos é um serviço técnico. Já os arquitetos percebem que o serviço deve ser construído em conjunto com o cliente e que seu serviço está mais concentrado na criação, no design. Como conclusão, levando em conta a visão dos clientes, o escritório de arquitetura que quiser ter um diferencial competitivo deve entender que seu serviço engloba desde a criação até a entrega da obra, com garantia dos serviços prestados. Deve entender também que o cliente pressupõe que o arquiteto deve saber de suas necessidades e que o atendimento ao cronograma e orçamento iniciais são atributos atrativos.The purpose of the present work was to identify the perception of clients and architects on critical attributes of customers' satisfaction in services of home architecture. It is an exploratory and quantitative research which uses questionnaires to collect data. The 15 researched attributes were identified based on literature review. One hundred clients and thirty architects were interviewed. Results indicate that clients expect architects solve their problems from the design to the construction phases, and that they should understand customers needs without further

  18. L'educazione di un "Architetto-Urbanista". Manuel Solà-Morales e la Pedagogia Urbana all'ETSAB / The Education of an "Architect-Urbanist". Manuel Solà-Morales and Urban Pedagogy at the ETSAB

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marta Caldeira

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available In qualità di docente, fondatore e direttore del Laboratori d’Urbanisme de Barcelona presso la ETSAB dal 1969 al 2012, l’architetto e urbanista spagnolo Manuel Solà-Morales ha curato la riforma chiave della pedagogia urbana della scuola di Barcellona. Deciso a superare la tendenza tecnocratica che aveva contraddistinto l’architettura e la pianificazione spagnola durante l’ultimo decennio del regime di Franco, l’obiettivo di Solà-Morales fu la formazione di quello che definì l’‘architetto-urbanista’ attraverso un programma propedeutico che accorpava architettura e urbanistica in un’unica disciplina. Sotto l’egida della morfologia urbana, il nuovo corso di Urbanistica impartito dal corpo docente del LUB diede il via allo studio della città e della sua storia come base principale di ogni progetto architettonico e urbano. / As professor and founding director of the Laboratori d’Urbanisme at the ETSAB from 1969 to 2012, Manuel Solà-Morales oversaw the pivotal reform of urban pedagogy in the Barcelona school. Determined to overcome the technocratic tendency that marked Spanish architecture and planning in the final decade of Franco’s regime, Solà-Morales’ mission was to educate what he defined as the ‘architect-urbanist’ through a foundational program that unified architecture and studies of urban form as a single discipline. Under the aegis of urban morphology, the new course of Urbanística taught by LUB’s team instituted the study of the city and its history as the primary ground for every architectural and urban project.

  19. Solar thermal power systems. Practical guide for heating and air conditioning experts, electricians and roofers, planners and architects, builder-owners and training institutions; Solarthermische Anlagen. Leitfaden fuer SHK-, Elektro- und Dachdeckerhandwerk, fuer Fachplaner und Architekten, Bauherren und Weiterbildungsinstitutionen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-07-01

    There is a growing market for solar thermal power systems. Builder-owners, planners, architects, fitters and heating systems experts as well as roofers require knowledge of solar thermal power generation. This includes technical and marketing information as well as the aspects of consulting, projecting, dimensioning, cost structure, and solar marketing. This guide will give decision aids and contribute to quality-minded projecting and installation of solar thermal power systems. The following aspects are discussed: Assembly and mounting, with many details to account for all possible in-situ conditions; Industrial-scale systems and solar district heating systems; Simulation tools, in detail; Solar swimming pool heating and air heating; Practical strategies for successful solar marketing; Market survey of suppliers of solar systems and components. [German] Der Markt fuer die thermische Nutzung der Sonnenenergie entwickelt sich kraeftig. Bauherren, Planer, Architekten, Gas/Wasser- und Heizungsinstallateure sowie Dachdecker werden in zunehmendem Masse mit der Solarthermie in Beruehrung kommen. Dies betrifft nicht nur die Kenntnis ueber den Stand der Technik und die aktuelle Marktsituation, sondern auch die Bereiche Beratung, Planung, Dimensionierung, Kostenstruktur und das Solarmarketing. Der vorliegende Leitfaden will Entscheidungshilfen geben und dazu beitragen, dass solarthermische Anlagen nach dem neuesten Stand der Technik qualitaetsbewusst geplant und sorgfaeltig installiert werden. Im Vergleich zu seinem Vorgaenger wurden im Leitfaden wurden folgende Schwerpunkte bearbeitet: 1 Der Montagebereich wurde erheblich ausgeweitet, um den vielfaeltigen Vor-Ort-Gegebenheiten bei der Installation gerecht zu werden 2 Der Bereich der Grossanlagen bis zu solaren Nahwaermenetzen wurde vertieft 3 Die Simulationswerkzeuge werden detailliert dargestellt 4 Den Anwendungsbereichen solare Schwimmbadwassererwaermung und Luftheizung ist jeweils ein eigenes Kapitel gewidmet worden 5

  20. Chinese Dream Sleep Two Decades of Wind and Rain:The Analysis of the Exploration to "Sinicization" by Experimental Architects%一觉二十年风雨中国梦——解读实验性建筑师对“中国性”表达的探索

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陆璐; 凌世德

    2013-01-01

    Through the analysis of the exploration in the "Sinicization"of architecture under the specific Chinese context by experimental architects in the past two decades,we try to understand the confusion and re-location about the development of architecture.In order to further illustrate the "China" proposition whether has non-decisive nor need to explore currently.Then,through the analysis of three representative architects design thinking and their practice,we deepen the understanding and awareness of this generation of young and middle-aged architect and their exploration.At last,we explicate that "China" is actually an era proposition,and the key to express the Chino connotation is to put the Chinese thinking mode into design practice.%该文通过对近二十年来实验性建筑师在当前中国特殊语境下的对建筑“中国化”探索的分析,来理解他们对于社会的焦虑与建筑发展的迷茫以及重新定位.以此来进一步说明“中国性”这个命题是否有存在的非决定性与当前探索的必要性.通过对三位具有代表性的建筑师的设计思想及其实践的分析,加深了对这一代中青年建筑师及其探索的理解与认识.最后指出建筑的“中国性”其实是一个时代命题,而表达中国内涵的关键是要将“中国式”的思维带到设计中.

  1. An Open Visualization Toolkit for Reverse Architecting

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Telea, Alexandru; Maccari, Alessandro; Riva, Claudio

    2002-01-01

    Maintenance and evolution of complex software systems (such as large telecom embedded devices) involve activities such as reverse engineering (RE) and software visualization. Although several RE tools exist, we found their architecture hard to adapt to the domain specific requirements posed by our c

  2. Dps biomineralizing proteins: multifunctional architects of nature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zeth, Kornelius

    2012-08-01

    Dps proteins are the structural relatives of bacterioferritins and ferritins ubiquitously present in the bacterial and archaeal kingdoms. The ball-shaped enzymes play important roles in the detoxification of ROS (reactive oxygen species), in iron scavenging to prevent Fenton reactions and in the mechanical protection of DNA. Detoxification of ROS and iron chaperoning represent the most archetypical functions of dodecameric Dps enzymes. Recent crystallographic studies of these dodecameric complexes have unravelled species-dependent mechanisms of iron uptake into the hollow spheres. Subsequent functions in iron oxidation at ferroxidase centres are highly conserved among bacteria. Final nucleation of iron as iron oxide nanoparticles has been demonstrated to originate at acidic residues located on the inner surface. Some Dps enzymes are also implicated in newly observed catalytic functions related to the formation of molecules playing roles in bacterium-host cell communication. Most recently, Dps complexes are attracting attention in semiconductor science as biomimetic tools for the technical production of the smallest metal-based quantum nanodots used in nanotechnological approaches, such as memory storage or solar cell development.

  3. The new architects of health care reform.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schaeffer, Leonard D

    2007-01-01

    Rising health care costs have been an issue for decades, yet federal-level health care reform hasn't happened. Support for reform, however, has changed. Purchasers fear that health care cost growth is becoming unaffordable. Research on costs and quality is questioning value. International comparisons rank the United States low on important health system performance measures. Yet it is not these factors but the unsustainable costs of Medicare and Medicaid that will narrow the window for health care stakeholders to shape policy. Unless the health care system is effectively reformed, sometime after the 2008 election, budget hawks and national security experts will eventually combine forces to cut health spending, ultimately determining health policy for the nation.

  4. Vonklev arhitektimaja = An Architect's Rambling House

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Kaarja põhiplaaniga puidust eramu (220 m2). Sauna ja kuuri ühendavad elamuga terrass ja laudtee, terrassi otsa jääb kasvuhoone. Arhitekt ja omanik Karmo Tõra. Projektbüroo: ROK-Projekt. Sisearhitekt Hillar Mänd. Valmis: 2006. 3 plaani, 3 värv. välisvaadet, sisevaade

  5. Microclimates. Can Architects Change the Weather?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sattrup, Peter Andreas

    2009-01-01

    By the year 2100 the world will be at least 2 degrees warmer than today. Add to this the "urban heat island effect" with city centres being several degrees hotter than their rural hinterlands, and it becomes evident that city planning has to devise new methods to cope with overheating. A new appr...

  6. Multidisciplinary systems engineering architecting the design process

    CERN Document Server

    Crowder, James A; Demijohn, Russell

    2016-01-01

    This book presents Systems Engineering from a modern, multidisciplinary engineering approach, providing the understanding that all aspects of systems design, systems, software, test, security, maintenance and the full life-cycle must be factored in to any large-scale system design; up front, not factored in later. It lays out a step-by-step approach to systems-of-systems architectural design, describing in detail the documentation flow throughout the systems engineering design process. It provides a straightforward look and the entire systems engineering process, providing realistic case studies, examples, and design problems that will enable students to gain a firm grasp on the fundamentals of modern systems engineering.  Included is a comprehensive design problem that weaves throughout the entire text book, concluding with a complete top-level systems architecture for a real-world design problem.

  7. Interior Design and the Socratic architect

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eriksen, Kaare

    2006-01-01

    Dette paper har til formål at inspirere indretningsarkitekter og -designere til at udvikle deres værktøjer og metoder med henblik på at skabe bedre resultater baseret på tæt samarbejde med brugerne og ved inspiration fra andre professioner. I dette paper beskrives det forhold, at indretningsarkit...

  8. Arhitektuuribüroo Pluss = Pluss Architects

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2009-01-01

    Büroohoones Delta Plaza (Pärnu mnt. 141, Tallinn) asuva AB Pluss ruumide sisekujundusest. Sisearhitektid Argo Vaikla, Katrin Vaikla ja Riin Luuk. Büroohoone arhitektid Jüri Okas ja Marika Lõoke. Kogu mööblikomplekt on erilahendusega. Sisearhitektide tähtsamate tööde loetelu

  9. Satellite cells: the architects of skeletal muscle.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, Natasha C; Rudnicki, Michael A

    2014-01-01

    The outstanding regenerative capacity of skeletal muscle is attributed to the resident muscle stem cell termed satellite cell. Satellite cells are essential for skeletal muscle regeneration as they ultimately provide the myogenic precursors that rebuild damaged muscle tissue. Satellite cells characteristically are a heterogeneous population of stem cells and committed progenitor cells. Delineation of cellular hierarchy and understanding how lineage fate choices are determined within the satellite cell population will be invaluable for the advancement of muscle regenerative therapies.

  10. Microglia: Architects of the Developing Nervous System.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frost, Jeffrey L; Schafer, Dorothy P

    2016-08-01

    Microglia are resident macrophages of the central nervous system (CNS), representing 5-10% of total CNS cells. Recent findings reveal that microglia enter the embryonic brain, take up residence before the differentiation of other CNS cell types, and become critical regulators of CNS development. Here, we discuss exciting new work implicating microglia in a range of developmental processes, including regulation of cell number and spatial patterning of CNS cells, myelination, and formation and refinement of neural circuits. Furthermore, we review studies suggesting that these cellular functions result in the modulation of behavior, which has important implications for a variety of neurological disorders.

  11. Fibroblasts as architects of cancer pathogenesis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marsh, Timothy; Pietras, Kristian; McAllister, Sandra S

    2013-07-01

    Studies of epithelial cancers (i.e., carcinomas) traditionally focused on transformation of the epithelium (i.e., the cancer cells) and how aberrant signaling within the cancer cells modulates the surrounding tissue of origin. In more recent decades, the normal cells, blood vessels, molecules, and extracellular components that surround the tumor cells, collectively known as the "tumor microenvironment" or "stroma", have received increasing attention and are now thought to be key regulators of tumor initiation and progression. Of particular relevance to the work reviewed herein are the fibroblasts, which make up the major cell type within the microenvironment of most carcinomas. Due to their inherent heterogeneity, plasticity, and function, it is perhaps not surprising that fibroblasts are ideal modulators of normal and cancerous epithelium; however, these aspects also present challenges if we are to interrupt their tumor-supportive functions. Here, we review the current body of knowledge and the many questions that still remain about the special entity known as the cancer-associated fibroblast. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled: Fibrosis: Translation of basic research to human disease.

  12. Sebastian lrarrazaval Architects,智利

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ Design Concept: Y Lego Designed around three key ideas, the concept proposes a modular unit that maximises cross ventilation through a design that avoids corridors and always gives double orientation to every space. Geometric "Y" lego units can be adjusted to suit different site conditions in a range of different configurations.The structural approach highlights steel's credentials of lightness and high performance under tension.

  13. Sino-Sun Architects & Engineers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    Sino-Sun is an A-Class state architectural design company organized by a group of experts who have returned to China after studying abroad. In the 10 yearssince its establishment, it has grown into an outstanding andwell-known design team, which has influence in the national archi-tectural design field.

  14. An architect's guide to sustainable energy generation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wijtsma, D.

    2013-01-01

    This "designers' manual" is made during the TIDO-course AR0531 Smart & Bioclimatic Design. A short and concise overview of the different types of systems that provide a renewable source of energy for a building seems to be missing. This guide attempts to fill the gap and to provide answers to suc

  15. Adaptive design lessons from professional architects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Geiger, Ray W.; Snell, J. T.

    1993-09-01

    Psychocybernetic systems engineering design conceptualization is mimicking the evolutionary path of habitable environmental design and the professional practice of building architecture, construction, and facilities management. In pursuing better ways to design cellular automata and qualification classifiers in a design process, we have found surprising success in exploring certain more esoteric approaches, e.g., the vision of interdisciplinary artistic discovery in and around creative problem solving. Our evaluation in research into vision and hybrid sensory systems associated with environmental design and human factors has led us to discover very specific connections between the human spirit and quality design. We would like to share those very qualitative and quantitative parameters of engineering design, particularly as it relates to multi-faceted and future oriented design practice. Discussion covers areas of case- based techniques of cognitive ergonomics, natural modeling sources, and an open architectural process of means/goal satisfaction, qualified by natural repetition, gradation, rhythm, contrast, balance, and integrity of process.

  16. Topology Optimization for Architected Materials Design

    Science.gov (United States)

    Osanov, Mikhail; Guest, James K.

    2016-07-01

    Advanced manufacturing processes provide a tremendous opportunity to fabricate materials with precisely defined architectures. To fully leverage these capabilities, however, materials architectures must be optimally designed according to the target application, base material used, and specifics of the fabrication process. Computational topology optimization offers a systematic, mathematically driven framework for navigating this new design challenge. The design problem is posed and solved formally as an optimization problem with unit cell and upscaling mechanics embedded within this formulation. This article briefly reviews the key requirements to apply topology optimization to materials architecture design and discusses several fundamental findings related to optimization of elastic, thermal, and fluidic properties in periodic materials. Emerging areas related to topology optimization for manufacturability and manufacturing variations, nonlinear mechanics, and multiscale design are also discussed.

  17. Resilient 3D hierarchical architected metamaterials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meza, Lucas R; Zelhofer, Alex J; Clarke, Nigel; Mateos, Arturo J; Kochmann, Dennis M; Greer, Julia R

    2015-09-15

    Hierarchically designed structures with architectural features that span across multiple length scales are found in numerous hard biomaterials, like bone, wood, and glass sponge skeletons, as well as manmade structures, like the Eiffel Tower. It has been hypothesized that their mechanical robustness and damage tolerance stem from sophisticated ordering within the constituents, but the specific role of hierarchy remains to be fully described and understood. We apply the principles of hierarchical design to create structural metamaterials from three material systems: (i) polymer, (ii) hollow ceramic, and (iii) ceramic-polymer composites that are patterned into self-similar unit cells in a fractal-like geometry. In situ nanomechanical experiments revealed (i) a nearly theoretical scaling of structural strength and stiffness with relative density, which outperforms existing nonhierarchical nanolattices; (ii) recoverability, with hollow alumina samples recovering up to 98% of their original height after compression to ≥ 50% strain; (iii) suppression of brittle failure and structural instabilities in hollow ceramic hierarchical nanolattices; and (iv) a range of deformation mechanisms that can be tuned by changing the slenderness ratios of the beams. Additional levels of hierarchy beyond a second order did not increase the strength or stiffness, which suggests the existence of an optimal degree of hierarchy to amplify resilience. We developed a computational model that captures local stress distributions within the nanolattices under compression and explains some of the underlying deformation mechanisms as well as validates the measured effective stiffness to be interpreted as a metamaterial property.

  18. Architecting Integrated System Health Management for Airworthiness

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-01

    developed by a group of researchers based at Emory University and Georgia Tech primarily for teenagers , who are less likely to comply with physician...lists a few simple habits (applicable in all projects) that help to circumvent the above-mentioned pitfalls [Sadowski and Grabau, 2004]. These may...seem intuitive to all readers but internalizing these habits amidst external demands, pressures and distractions may be challenging. • Establish a

  19. Architecting fault-tolerant software systems

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sözer, Hasan

    2009-01-01

    The increasing size and complexity of software systems makes it hard to prevent or remove all possible faults. Faults that remain in the system can eventually lead to a system failure. Fault tolerance techniques are introduced for enabling systems to recover and continue operation when they are subj

  20. Hubert Curien, architect of science in Europe

    CERN Multimedia

    2005-01-01

    Professor Hubert Curien, former French Research Minister and President of the CERN Council from 1994 to 1996, passed away on 6 February 2005 at the age of 80. Hubert Curien (in the middle) with the Japanese Minister for Education, Science and Culture, Kaoru Yosano, and CERN's Director-General, Christopher Llewellyn Smith, at the ceremony marking the start of collaboration between CERN and Japan in 1995. It is impossible to summarise all of Professor Curien's many contributions to the fields of science, politics and management in a few lines. One of the dominating features of his career, however, was undoubtedly his tireless promotion and crafting of a strong and united scientific Europe. Born in 1924, Professor Curien passed the physics agrégation, a competitive teaching examination, at the Ecole Normale Supérieure in 1949. His speciality was crystallography, a field in which he obtained his doctorate in 1952. A lecturer at the Ecole Normale Supérieure and subsequently the ...

  1. Archaeal histones: dynamic and versatile genome architects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bram Henneman

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Genome organization and compaction in Archaea involves different chromatin proteins, among which homologues of eukaryotic histones. Archaeal histones are considered the ancestors of their eukaryotic counterparts, which isreflected in the way they position along the genome and wrap DNA. Evolution from the archaeal modes of action to the prototypical eukaryotic nucleosome may be attributed to altered histone-histone interactions and DNA sequence determinants cooperating to yield stable multimeric structures. The identification of a new candidate phylum, proposed to be a missing link between archaea and eukaryotes, Lokiarchaeaota, may be instrumental in addressing this hypothesis.

  2. The Architect as Producer: Hannes Meyer and the Proletarianisation of the Western Architect

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Djalali, A.

    2015-01-01

    With the foundation of the Bauhaus, Walter Gropius advocated an end to the division between arts and crafts. Contrary to the idea of architecture as art, the programme of the school aimed to assimilate architecture with industry in order to satisfy collective social needs. Yet, despite this programm

  3. Methodology for Architecting Energy Systems in Ultra Low Energy Communities: Energy System Architecting Tool (ESAT)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-01

    Dahtzen Chu, Jim Miller (TPOC) Mike Case, Richard Liesen ( NetZero Installations Project) Security of energy supply  Vulnerable loads served under all...environmental impact External grid District-level smart switch Building microgrid District microgrid Energy microgrids are distributed power systems with...the capability to work seamless in islanding and grid-connected modes. They include thermal and electrical systems Building microgrid Building

  4. Research on Lowcost Experimental Green Building Design in Subtropical Regions: ArchitectSalon of South China University of Technology%亚热带地区低成本实验性绿色建筑设计探索——华南理工大学建筑师沙龙

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汤朝晖; 解志军; 杨晓川

    2011-01-01

    以华南理r大学建筑岬沙此的世计为倒从低成本控制的角度,探讨了适合亚热带地区的绿色建筑设计。通过设计实践士探索新心路,力图使绿色建筑设计不一定运用高造价与高远行成本的技术措施.而是可以通过时建筑的地域性与项目基地条件的适应,以低造价与低运行成本的方式进行整体设计,营造适合亚热带地区的绿色建筑,取得良好的环境效益和经济效益。%Based on the designs submitted to the Architect Salon of SCUT,this paper puts its full focus on discussing lowcost green buliding designs in subtropical regions By adapting to regional and onsite conditions,design practices have strongly proved that low building cost and low operating cost green building designs in subtropical areas are achievable in some areas.There are ways to avoid high cost and high operatincost technique in green building designs in order to maximize environmental and economical benefits

  5. La tesis de título de Guillermo Ulriksen Becker (1952: Bases para la Planeación Regional del Norte Chico: Provincias de Atacama y Coquimbo. /Graduation Project (Thesis of the architect William Ulriksen Becker (1952: Basis for Region Planning of the “Norte Chico”: Atacama and Coquimbo provinces.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pávez Reyes, María Isabel

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Se presenta la tesis de título en planeamiento regional de Guillermo Ulriksen Becker (n.1905 – m. 1979 presentada en 1953 en la, entonces, “Facultad de Arquitectura” de la Universidad de Chile: Bases para la Planeación Regional del Norte Chico: Provincias de Atacama y Coquimb. Este estudio que constituye no sólo una radiografía del estado del desarrollo del Norte Chico hace cincuenta y cinco años, sino que también un señalamiento del potencial posible de desarrollar en la perspectiva del largo plazo, y de los aspectos negativos que se van sucediendo o pudieran suceder atentando contra dicho potencial./This work presents the graduation project of Guillermo Ulriksen (1905-1979. That thesis was presented to get the title of architect in the then called "Facultad de Arquitectura" of the Universidad de Chile, and it shows a complete scan of the development of the "Norte Chico", 55 years ago, indicating its potentials in a long term basis.

  6. Part of the architect Nikola Dobrović in implementation of the Modern Urban Planning and Architectural theories and poetry in institutional planning of the urban development of Belgrade: Contribution to the insight and interpretation of “Dobrović General Staff” within the context of the “Big Belgrade” vision

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vukotić-Lazar Marta M.

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available “Dobrović Generalstaff“ is the complex of buildings in the crossroads of Nemanjina and Kneza Miloša streets (Kneza Miloša no. 33-41, so called „building A“ (till the bombardment in 1999 „Generalstaff of the Yugoslav army“ and „building B“ with the tower (till the bombardment in 1999. “Yugoslav Secretariat for National defense“. As the urban planning motif of “Big Belgrade“, with its symbolism matched with the symbolism of New Belgrade erection, this space of great artistic-ambience potentials, of a specific typology, character and design, represents central point of continuity and integrity of Belgrade. „Meta square“ or the „Square Sutjeska“, as Dobrović named this intersection (Dobrović 1960, 10-11 carries various meanings of the different historic layers, and the complex of buildings itself is the most representative work of the Serbian architecture in 20th century, created in accordance to European trends in architecture and urban planning of that time. The complex is demolished in NATO bombardment of Belgrade in 1999. Despite the fact that the functional role of these structure no longer exists, symbolic character of the place is still living and warning, and even in ruins it is the central point of Belgrade's identity. “Dobrović Generalstaff“ was declared a cultural monument on December 12th 2005. As a „victim“ of violence and destruction, the complex is still under attack of individuals decreasing its significance, identifying it with ideology and politics of SFRJ and introducing it as a symbol of „oppressors and enemies“, not deserving as such to be renewed and preserved. Visionary work of the architect Nikola Dobrović (1897, Pécs - 1967, Belgrade on conceptualization of “Big Belgrade“, metropolis on the Sava and Danube, and his role in construction of New Belgrade, central part of the future “Big Belgrade” according to his idea, and on elaboration of the Concept design of

  7. The Garden of the Metropolis Philosophy and Design Works from the Spanish Landscape Architect Enric Batlle%大都市花园西班牙风景园林设计师恩瑞克·巴特约的设计理论及实践

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张晋石; 钱丽源

    2015-01-01

    Almost half a century, the innovation of urban planning system and the building of excel ent architecture generated the perfect environment for landscape design development in Spain. The article introduces the Spanish modern landscape architect Enric Batl e and his philosophy and practice of"Garden of Metropolis". The theory of"the Garden of Metropolis"mainly integrates multi-disciplinary knowledge, like agriculture, ecology, art and architecture, serves as the basis of urban form with regional hydrological systems, urban forestry and agriculture, green infrastructure and al ocation gardens. It extremely respects local geographical features, and represents as a new model for open space of sustainable city. Based on the time axis history, the paper wil elaborate his exploration of the theory of“Garden of Metropolis"and the practices of several classic projects.%近半世纪以来西班牙城市规划体系的革新以及登峰造极的经典建筑的营造为其风景园林设计孕育出绝佳的发展环境。介绍了西班牙现代风景园林设计师恩瑞克·巴特约的专业发展生涯以及他的“大都市花园”理论和实践。“大都市花园”理论主要融合多学科知识,特别是涉及农业、生态、艺术和建筑方面,通过区域水文系统、城市林业和农业、基础设施绿色化和地块花园作为塑造城市形态的基础,尊重场地的地理特征,塑造可持续的城市开放空间。并以时间轴线为脉络,一一解读他在探索“大都市花园”理论过程中得以实践的几个经典案例。

  8. The Experience City and challenges for Architects and Urban Designers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Marling, Gitte

    2008-01-01

    The article discusse the challenges of the experience economy from a Nordic welfare perspective. It argues that the challenges of the experience economy must be combined with the ambition that our cities are not reduced to entertainment engines. The urban life in the Nordic "welfare cities" must ...

  9. The experience city and challenges for architects and urban designers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Marling, Gitte

    2008-01-01

    Hybride kulturprojekter i kina skaber nye public domains i det offentlige rum. Arkitektonisk arbejdes der med performativ arkitektur. Artiklen præsenterer et interessant projekt og stiller på den baggrund spørgsmål til den kulturelle satsning i skandinaviske byer Udgivelsesdato: 2008...

  10. IHF and HU: flexible architects of bent DNA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swinger, Kerren K; Rice, Phoebe A

    2004-02-01

    The energetic cost of bending short segments of DNA is very high. This bending is critical for the packaging of DNA and is exploited to regulate many cellular processes. In prokaryotes, IHF and HU are key architectural proteins present at high concentrations. New protein-DNA co-crystal structures, and the adaptation of advanced biophysical and biochemical techniques have led to an improved understanding of how these proteins interact with DNA. These techniques include time-resolved synchrotron X-ray footprinting, differential scanning calorimetry, isothermal titration calorimetry and single-molecule experiments.

  11. KOKO Arhitektide bürooruumid = Offices of KOKO architects

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    KOKO Arhitektide bürooruumide (Fahle majas Tartu mnt. 84A, Tallinn) sisekujundus. Sisekujunduse autorid: Raivo Kotov, Andrus Kõresaar, Liis Lindvere, Raili Paling. Mustrid büroo klaasseintel ja põrandatel: Martin Lazarev. Sisekujundajatest, nende tähtsamad tööd. III-VI korruse ja antresoolkorruse plaan, 8 värv. vaadet, fotod sisekujundajatest

  12. Hox genes: choreographers in neural development, architects of circuit organization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Philippidou, Polyxeni; Dasen, Jeremy S

    2013-10-02

    The neural circuits governing vital behaviors, such as respiration and locomotion, are comprised of discrete neuronal populations residing within the brainstem and spinal cord. Work over the past decade has provided a fairly comprehensive understanding of the developmental pathways that determine the identity of major neuronal classes within the neural tube. However, the steps through which neurons acquire the subtype diversities necessary for their incorporation into a particular circuit are still poorly defined. Studies on the specification of motor neurons indicate that the large family of Hox transcription factors has a key role in generating the subtypes required for selective muscle innervation. There is also emerging evidence that Hox genes function in multiple neuronal classes to shape synaptic specificity during development, suggesting a broader role in circuit assembly. This Review highlights the functions and mechanisms of Hox gene networks and their multifaceted roles during neuronal specification and connectivity.

  13. Lipids: architects and regulators of membrane dynamics and trafficking.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moreau, Patrick

    2007-05-01

    We have recently shown that an inhibition of sterol synthesis by fenpropimorph leads to an accumulation of sterol precursors, hydroxypalmitic acid-containing glucosylceramides and detergent resistant membranes in the Golgi bodies instead of the plasma membrane, suggesting that the individual molecules or the microdomains were blocked in the Golgi. These results and others from several eukaryotic models link lipid metabolism with membrane morphodynamics that are involved in membrane trafficking. Focus has been expanded to other lipid families, and numerous evidences are given showing lipids and lipid-modifying enzymes as key regulators of membrane homeostasis which can strongly regulate membrane morphodynamics and therefore trafficking. Beside protein-based machineries, lipid-based machineries are also shown as crucial regulatory forces involved in protein transport and sorting.

  14. Repetitive elements, architects of genomic variation in Verticillium

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vascular wilt pathogens in the genus Verticillium show considerable variation with respect to their host ranges, genomic organization, and the variety and number of transposable elements (TEs) that they carry. These families of TE sequences were first documented in the wide host range, plant pathog...

  15. Cardiac nuclear receptors: architects of mitochondrial structure and function.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vega, Rick B; Kelly, Daniel P

    2017-04-03

    The adult heart is uniquely designed and equipped to provide a continuous supply of energy in the form of ATP to support persistent contractile function. This high-capacity energy transduction system is the result of a remarkable surge in mitochondrial biogenesis and maturation during the fetal-to-adult transition in cardiac development. Substantial evidence indicates that nuclear receptor signaling is integral to dynamic changes in the cardiac mitochondrial phenotype in response to developmental cues, in response to diverse postnatal physiologic conditions, and in disease states such as heart failure. A subset of cardiac-enriched nuclear receptors serve to match mitochondrial fuel preferences and capacity for ATP production with changing energy demands of the heart. In this Review, we describe the role of specific nuclear receptors and their coregulators in the dynamic control of mitochondrial biogenesis and energy metabolism in the normal and diseased heart.

  16. Transposable elements: from DNA parasites to architects of metazoan evolution.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Piskurek, Oliver; Jackson, Daniel J

    2012-07-12

    One of the most unexpected insights that followed from the completion of the human genome a decade ago was that more than half of our DNA is derived from transposable elements (TEs). Due to advances in high throughput sequencing technologies it is now clear that TEs comprise the largest molecular class within most metazoan genomes. TEs, once categorised as "junk DNA", are now known to influence genomic structure and function by increasing the coding and non-coding genetic repertoire of the host. In this way TEs are key elements that stimulate the evolution of metazoan genomes. This review highlights several lines of TE research including the horizontal transfer of TEs through host-parasite interactions, the vertical maintenance of TEs over long periods of evolutionary time, and the direct role that TEs have played in generating morphological novelty.

  17. Prantsuse maastikuarhitektid Berliinist = French Landscape Architects from Berlin / Katrin Koov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koov, Katrin, 1973-

    2003-01-01

    Berliinis töötavad prantsuse maastikuarhitektid Veronique Faucheur, Marc Pouzol ja Laurent Dugua büroost le balto kujundavad Tallinnasse "Heliose" kino hoovi valgusaia. Valminud on projekti I etapp, aed valmib 2004. a. kevadeks. Arhitektide loomingust (projekt "Ajutised Aiad" ja Kunst-Werke aed Berliinis, Palais de Tokyo aed Pariisis, Padula kloostri aed Itaalias)

  18. Architecting the Firm: Coherency and Consistency in Managing the Enterprise

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Turner, Patrick; Gøtze, John

    2010-01-01

    Traditional Enterprise Architecture (EA) practice lacks a clear and effective governance and management layer that is easily understandable and intuitive to senior decision makers with the modern organisation. This paper uses three case studies to demonstrate the relative maturity of different EA...

  19. Architecting for connected healthcare - a case of telehomecare and hypertension

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tambo, Torben; Hoffmann-Petersen, Nikolai; Bejder, Karsten

    2012-01-01

    The healthcare system is in many countries operated by the governments, and interaction with the healthcare system is one of the most frequent interactions between citizen and government. Demographic, medical and technological changes are likely to bring new aspects of connectedness into the ever...

  20. Non-coding RNAs: the architects of eukaryotic complexity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mattick, J S

    2001-11-01

    Around 98% of all transcriptional output in humans is non-coding RNA. RNA-mediated gene regulation is widespread in higher eukaryotes and complex genetic phenomena like RNA interference, co-suppression, transgene silencing, imprinting, methylation, and possibly position-effect variegation and transvection, all involve intersecting pathways based on or connected to RNA signaling. I suggest that the central dogma is incomplete, and that intronic and other non-coding RNAs have evolved to comprise a second tier of gene expression in eukaryotes, which enables the integration and networking of complex suites of gene activity. Although proteins are the fundamental effectors of cellular function, the basis of eukaryotic complexity and phenotypic variation may lie primarily in a control architecture composed of a highly parallel system of trans-acting RNAs that relay state information required for the coordination and modulation of gene expression, via chromatin remodeling, RNA-DNA, RNA-RNA and RNA-protein interactions. This system has interesting and perhaps informative analogies with small world networks and dataflow computing.

  1. The architects of B and T cell immune responses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lane, Peter J L

    2008-08-15

    Published work links adult lymphoid tissue-inducer cells (LTi) with T cell-dependent antibody responses. In this issue of Immunity, Tsuji et al. (2008) associate LTi with T cell-independent IgA antibody responses in the gut.

  2. Collins And Turner Architects,澳大利亚

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ Design Concept The concepts apartments are based on a repeating module allowing the standardisation of building components and systems. Its narrow floor plates maximise cross-ventilation, generous balconies shield the building from the eastern sun and provide outdoor spaces, and steel meshes provide additional shading. A spacious residential retreat has been envisioned.

  3. 3-D structures viewed with the architect's approach

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vanggaard, Ole

    2002-01-01

    to generate the surfaces. At the same time, the limited value of these means is shown, and the author tries to crawl into the difficult area between architecture and structure. This area is found to be an important, but not very appreciated area of research. Most of the figures shown relate to the Academy...

  4. Interdisciplinary multisensory fusion: design lessons from professional architects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Geiger, Ray W.; Snell, J. T.

    1992-11-01

    Psychocybernetic systems engineering design conceptualization is mimicking the evolutionary path of habitable environmental design and the professional practice of building architecture, construction, and facilities management. Human efficacy for innovation in architectural design has always reflected more the projected perceptual vision of the designer visa vis the hierarchical spirit of the design process. In pursuing better ways to build and/or design things, we have found surprising success in exploring certain more esoteric applications. One of those applications is the vision of an artistic approach in/and around creative problem solving. Our evaluation in research into vision and visual systems associated with environmental design and human factors has led us to discover very specific connections between the human spirit and quality design. We would like to share those very qualitative and quantitative parameters of engineering design, particularly as it relates to multi-faceted and interdisciplinary design practice. Discussion will cover areas of cognitive ergonomics, natural modeling sources, and an open architectural process of means and goal satisfaction, qualified by natural repetition, gradation, rhythm, contrast, balance, and integrity of process. One hypothesis is that the kinematic simulation of perceived connections between hard and soft sciences, centering on the life sciences and life in general, has become a very effective foundation for design theory and application.

  5. Architecting the Finite Element Method Pipeline for the GPU.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fu, Zhisong; Lewis, T James; Kirby, Robert M; Whitaker, Ross T

    2014-02-01

    The finite element method (FEM) is a widely employed numerical technique for approximating the solution of partial differential equations (PDEs) in various science and engineering applications. Many of these applications benefit from fast execution of the FEM pipeline. One way to accelerate the FEM pipeline is by exploiting advances in modern computational hardware, such as the many-core streaming processors like the graphical processing unit (GPU). In this paper, we present the algorithms and data-structures necessary to move the entire FEM pipeline to the GPU. First we propose an efficient GPU-based algorithm to generate local element information and to assemble the global linear system associated with the FEM discretization of an elliptic PDE. To solve the corresponding linear system efficiently on the GPU, we implement a conjugate gradient method preconditioned with a geometry-informed algebraic multi-grid (AMG) method preconditioner. We propose a new fine-grained parallelism strategy, a corresponding multigrid cycling stage and efficient data mapping to the many-core architecture of GPU. Comparison of our on-GPU assembly versus a traditional serial implementation on the CPU achieves up to an 87 × speedup. Focusing on the linear system solver alone, we achieve a speedup of up to 51 × versus use of a comparable state-of-the-art serial CPU linear system solver. Furthermore, the method compares favorably with other GPU-based, sparse, linear solvers.

  6. Architects of the New Sorbonne: Liard's Purpose and Durkheims's Role.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Greenberg, Louis

    1981-01-01

    Reviews political, social, and educational influences which contributed to expansion of the Sorbonne (the University of Paris) from the late 1880s to the early 1900s, with attention to the roles of Louis Liard (dominant figure in French education) and Emile Durkheim (leading Sorbonne professor of sociology and advocate of proscientific attitudes…

  7. Delta's paradise: a challenge for lan[d]scape architects

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    te Boekhorst, J.K.M.; Toorn, van den M.W.M.

    1996-01-01

    Paradise as a metaphor has always played an important role in art. This is definitely true for the art of garden design, but paradise is also a metaphor that can be used for the landscape. Some of the most interesting landscapes are found in deltas. Deltas are rich in natural and economic potential.

  8. The American Institute of Architects Committee on The Environment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gordon, H.T.

    1995-12-31

    In response to growing concerns about the impact of the building industry on the global environment, the AIA formed a committee to increase awareness of the relationship between the designer and the built environment. This paper includes the mission statement and summarizes the major accomplishments and primary issues.

  9. Optical coherence tomography: imaging architect for dermal microdialysis in psoriasis

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Connell, M.-L.; O'Connor, W.; Ramsay, B.; Guihen, E.; Ho, W. L.; Leahy, M. J.

    2011-03-01

    Optical coherence tomography (OCT) has been used as part of a ground breaking translational study to shed some light on one of the worlds most prevalent autoimmune diseases; psoriasis. The work successfully integrates the fields of optical imaging, biochemistry and dermatology in conducting a dermal microdialysis (DMD) trial for quantitative histamine assessment amongst a group of psoriasis sufferers. The DMD process involves temporary insertion of microscopic hollow tubes into a layer of skin to measure the levels of histamine and other important biological molecules in psoriasis. For comparison purposes, DMD catheters were implanted into healthy, peri-lesional and lesional skin regions. The catheters' entry and exit points and their precise locations in the epidermal layer of the skin were confirmed using OCT thus obtaining high resolution, wide-field images of the affected skin as well as catheter placement whilst local microdialysis enabled a tissue chemistry profile to be obtained from these three skin regions including histamine, a local immune system activator known to contribute towards itch and inflammation. Together these tools offer a synergistic approach in the clinical assessment of the disease. In addition, OCT delivered a non-invasive and rapid method for analyzing the affected skin architecture.

  10. Why the sun sucks - Architects versus the sun

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    De Lange, N.; Niesten, J.; Taminiau, P.

    2014-01-01

    This "designers' manual" is made during the TIDO-course AR0531 Innovation and Sustainability This manual will show how not to design with the Sun. By showing examples how buildings have failed that have not taken the Sun and its effects in consideration, one should get a clearer picture of how you

  11. Gamow, not Hilbert: The Architect of Hilbert's Grand Hotel

    CERN Document Server

    Kragh, Helge

    2014-01-01

    What is known as "Hilbert's hotel" is a story of an imaginary hotel with infinitely many rooms that illustrates the bizarre consequences of assuming an actual infinity of objects or events. Since the 1970s it has been used in a variety of arguments, some of them relating to cosmology and others to philosophy and theology. It turns out that the name is a misnomer, as Hilbert was not responsible for the story. The originator was George Gamow, who invented the hotel in 1947, jokingly attributing it to Hilbert. Although well known, the counter-intuitive hotel only attracted wide interest in the 1970s, first in philosophical and theological contexts. The paper outlines the origin and early history of what might be called the Gamow-Hilbert hotel paradox.

  12. Micro-architected Composite Lattices with Tunable Negative Thermal Expansions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Qiming

    Solid materials with minimum or negative thermal expansion (NTE) have broad applications, from dental fillings to thermal-sensitive precision instruments. Previous studies on NTE structures were mostly focused on theoretically design and 2D experimental demonstrations. Here, aided with multimaterial projection micro-stereolithography, we experimentally fabricate multi-material composite lattices that exhibit significant negative thermal expansion in three directions and over a large range of temperature variations. The negative thermal expansion is induced by the structural interaction of material components with distinct thermal expansion coefficients. The NTE performance can be tuned over a large range by varying the thermal expansion coefficient difference between constituent beams and geometrical arrangement. Our experimental results match qualitatively with a simple scaling law and quantitatively consistently with computational models.

  13. Transposable Elements: From DNA Parasites to Architects of Metazoan Evolution

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oliver Piskurek

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available One of the most unexpected insights that followed from the completion of the human genome a decade ago was that more than half of our DNA is derived from transposable elements (TEs. Due to advances in high throughput sequencing technologies it is now clear that TEs comprise the largest molecular class within most metazoan genomes. TEs, once categorised as "junk DNA", are now known to influence genomic structure and function by increasing the coding and non-coding genetic repertoire of the host. In this way TEs are key elements that stimulate the evolution of metazoan genomes. This review highlights several lines of TE research including the horizontal transfer of TEs through host-parasite interactions, the vertical maintenance of TEs over long periods of evolutionary time, and the direct role that TEs have played in generating morphological novelty.

  14. Architecting Fault Tolerance with Exception Handling: Verification and Validation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Patrick H. S. Brito; Rogério de Lemos; Cecília M. F. Rubira; Eliane Martins

    2009-01-01

    When building dependable systems by integrating untrusted software components that were not originally designed to interact with each other, it is likely the occurrence of architectural mismatches related to assumptions in their failure behaviour. These mismatches, if not prevented during system design, have to be tolerated during runtime. This paper presents an architectural abstraction based on exception handling for structuring fault-tolerant software systems.This abstraction comprises several components and connectors that promote an existing untrusted software element into an idealised fault-tolerant architectural element. Moreover, it is considered in the context of a rigorous software development approach based on formal methods for representing the structure and behaviour of the software architecture. The proposed approach relies on a formal specification and verification for analysing exception propagation, and verifying important dependability properties, such as deadlock freedom, and scenarios of architectural reconfiguration. The formal models are automatically generated using model transformation from UML diagrams: component diagram representing the system structure, and sequence diagrams representing the system behaviour. Finally, the formal models are also used for generating unit and integration test cases that are used for assessing the correctness of the source code. The feasibility of the proposed architectural approach was evaluated on an embedded critical case study.

  15. Architecting Service Based Sensor Networks for the Intelligent Assimilation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. S. Ponmagal

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to propose an architectural model for assimilating distributed sensor networks through cloud paradigm. This strategy can be applied to monitor and control the physical parameters such as temperature, pressure, and level. It is proposed to consider the use of service oriented architecture to program and deploy the sensed parameters. The service oriented architecture for sensor network has been implemented in such a way that, for every specific requirement of the monitor center, the assimilation agent invokes the services of the sensors through a registry and the specific changes in the sensed parameters are also notified as auditable event using push interaction pattern of SOA. The assimilation agent serves as an intelligent component by providing authentication services. This SOA is extended to integrate different types of sensor networks through cloud environment. Hence several sensors can be networked together to monitor different process parameters and they have been assimilated with Internet by registering them as services, hence a complete distributed assimilation environment is exploited.

  16. Campaign-level Science Traceability for Earth Observation System Architecting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-05-01

    aerosol size and size distribution 2.4.4 canopy density 1.2.1 Atmospheric temperature fields 2.6.2 landcover status 1.3.1 Water vapor profiles 2.7.1...imagery (land) 3.15516 1.5.2 Cloud type 0.20923951 2.6.1 land use 0.060095 1.5.3 Cloud amount/distribution 0.26680361 2.6.2 landcover status

  17. The struggle for life of the genome's selfish architects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Filée Jonathan

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Transposable elements (TEs were first discovered more than 50 years ago, but were totally ignored for a long time. Over the last few decades they have gradually attracted increasing interest from research scientists. Initially they were viewed as totally marginal and anecdotic, but TEs have been revealed as potentially harmful parasitic entities, ubiquitous in genomes, and finally as unavoidable actors in the diversity, structure, and evolution of the genome. Since Darwin's theory of evolution, and the progress of molecular biology, transposable elements may be the discovery that has most influenced our vision of (genome evolution. In this review, we provide a synopsis of what is known about the complex interactions that exist between transposable elements and the host genome. Numerous examples of these interactions are provided, first from the standpoint of the genome, and then from that of the transposable elements. We also explore the evolutionary aspects of TEs in the light of post-Darwinian theories of evolution. Reviewers This article was reviewed by Jerzy Jurka, Jürgen Brosius and I. King Jordan. For complete reports, see the Reviewers' reports section.

  18. Engaging architects and architectural students in global warming awareness

    OpenAIRE

    2008-01-01

    Today, Global warming is a major dilemma facing our globe that has changed the world concerns to reconsider the pollution sources affecting planet earth. This along with the tremendous increase in carbon dioxide emissions all over the world in the last decade has simulated the EDRG (Environmental Design Research Group, at the Architectural Engineering and Environmental Design Department) at the AAST (Arab Academy for Science and Technology) to setting the Environmental awareness c...

  19. Architect for Research on Gender and Community Colleges

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lester, Jaime

    2009-01-01

    A quick search in the "Community College Journal of Research and Practice" for Barbara Townsend's name produces 62 entries. A handful of those entries are the articles that Barbara has authored, but many more are articles that cite her work. Another search on the Web of Science database that tracks citations in a specific set of peer-reviewed…

  20. Meta Architecting: Toward a New Generation of Architecture Description Languages

    OpenAIRE

    Adel Smeda; Tahar Khammaci; Mourad Oussalah

    2005-01-01

    The techniques of meta-modeling and meta-levels have become a mature concept and have been largely used to solve real problems in programming languages, distributed environments, knowledge representation, or data bases. In this article it is shown how the same techniques can be applied in component-based software architecture. It also shown the need to propose mechanisms of reflexivity within the domain of software architecture meta-modeling. The outcome of this is a meta-meta-architecture wi...

  1. UCLA SARA (System Architect's Apprentice) demonstration

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fenchel, R.S.; Razouk, R.R.

    1978-06-01

    A sample session with the SARA system is given. The system is a set of design and modeling tools which are implemented on the MIT-Multics computer system. This demonstration is intended to acquaint all interested persons with the state of implementation of the SARA system and the flavor of its use. The system is currently under implementation; however, all the demonstrated tools are available to any user with access to the MIT-Multics system. Additional tools will soon be available.

  2. Architecting Communication Network of Networks for Space System of Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhasin, Kul B.; Hayden, Jeffrey L.

    2008-01-01

    The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) and the Department of Defense (DoD) are planning Space System of Systems (SoS) to address the new challenges of space exploration, defense, communications, navigation, Earth observation, and science. In addition, these complex systems must provide interoperability, enhanced reliability, common interfaces, dynamic operations, and autonomy in system management. Both NASA and the DoD have chosen to meet the new demands with high data rate communication systems and space Internet technologies that bring Internet Protocols (IP), routers, servers, software, and interfaces to space networks to enable as much autonomous operation of those networks as possible. These technologies reduce the cost of operations and, with higher bandwidths, support the expected voice, video, and data needed to coordinate activities at each stage of an exploration mission. In this paper, we discuss, in a generic fashion, how the architectural approaches and processes are being developed and used for defining a hypothetical communication and navigation networks infrastructure to support lunar exploration. Examples are given of the products generated by the architecture development process.

  3. Highly-stretchable 3D-architected Mechanical Metamaterials

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiang, Yanhui; Wang, Qiming

    2016-09-01

    Soft materials featuring both 3D free-form architectures and high stretchability are highly desirable for a number of engineering applications ranging from cushion modulators, soft robots to stretchable electronics; however, both the manufacturing and fundamental mechanics are largely elusive. Here, we overcome the manufacturing difficulties and report a class of mechanical metamaterials that not only features 3D free-form lattice architectures but also poses ultrahigh reversible stretchability (strain > 414%), 4 times higher than that of the existing counterparts with the similar complexity of 3D architectures. The microarchitected metamaterials, made of highly stretchable elastomers, are realized through an additive manufacturing technique, projection microstereolithography, and its postprocessing. With the fabricated metamaterials, we reveal their exotic mechanical behaviors: Under large-strain tension, their moduli follow a linear scaling relationship with their densities regardless of architecture types, in sharp contrast to the architecture-dependent modulus power-law of the existing engineering materials; under large-strain compression, they present tunable negative-stiffness that enables ultrahigh energy absorption efficiencies. To harness their extraordinary stretchability and microstructures, we demonstrate that the metamaterials open a number of application avenues in lightweight and flexible structure connectors, ultraefficient dampers, 3D meshed rehabilitation structures and stretchable electronics with designed 3D anisotropic conductivity.

  4. Application of morphologic burrow architects: lungfish or crayfish?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hasiotis, Stephen T.; Mitchell, Charles E.; Dubiel, Russell R.

    1993-01-01

    A methodology for trace fossil identification using burrowing signatures is tested by evaluating ancient and modern lungfish and crayfish burrows and comparing them to previously undescribed burrows in a stratigraphic interval thought to contain both lungfish and crayfish burrows. Permian burrows that bear skeletal remains of the lungfish Gnathorhiza, from museum collections, were evaluated to identify unique burrow morphologies that could be used to distinguish lungfish from crayfish burrows when fossil remains are absent. The lungfish burrows were evaluated for details of the burrowing mechanism preserved in the burrow morphologies together forming burrowing signatures and were compared to new burrows in the Chinle Formation of western Colorado to test the methodology of using burrow signatures to identify unknown burrows. Permian lungfish aestivation burrows show simple, nearly vertical, unbranched architectures and relatively smooth surficial morphologies with characteristic quasi‐horizontal striae on the burrow walls and vertical striae on the bulbous terminus. Burrow lengths do not exceed 0.5 m. In contrast, modern and ancient crayfish burrows exhibit simple to highly complex architectures with highly textured surficial morphologies. Burrow lengths may reach 4 to 5 m. Burrow morphologies unlike those identified in Gnathorhiza aestivation burrows were found in four burrow groups from museum collections. Two of these groups exhibit simple architectures and horizontal striae that were greater in sinuosity and magnitude, respectively. One of these burrows contains the remains of Lysorophus, but the burrow surface reveals no reliable surficial characteristics. It is not clear whether Lysorophus truly burrowed or merely occupied a pre‐existing structure. The other two groups exhibit surficial morphologies similar to those found on modern and ancient crayfish burrows and may provide evidence of freshwater crayfish in the Permian. Burrows from the Upper Triassic Chinle Formation in western Colorado exhibit simple to moderately complex architectural morphologies, ranging from predominantly vertical, unbranched, with little or no chamber development to predominantly vertical, few branches, and with minor chamber development. Surficial burrow morphologies are moderate to highly textured. The burrows have scrape marks, scratch marks, mud and lag‐liners, knobby surfaces, pleopod striae, and body impressions. Although no fossil remains of the burrowing organism were found within or associated with the Chinle burrows from western Colorado, the similarity of architectural and surficial burrow morphologies to those in the Chinle of Canyonlands, Utah and to modern crayfish burrows, clearly indicates that the Colorado burrows are the product of burrowing crayfish rather than lungfish. Evaluation of burrowing signatures preserved in the architectural and surficial burrow morphologies is a very useful tool to compare and contrast Chinle burrows from different regions on the Colorado Plateau. Documentation of crayfish burrows in the Chinle of Utah and Colorado strongly suggests that other large‐diameter Chinle burrows elsewhere on the Colorado Plateau and in stratigraphically equivalent units may also be the product of crayfish activity.

  5. ARCHITECT WITHOUT LIMITS%建筑无极限

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尼吉拉·奥如索夫; 杨琴

    2009-01-01

    @@ 美国建筑师弗兰克·劳埃德·赖特(Frank Lloyd Wright)已辞世半个世纪之久,但至今人们仍为他争论不休. 这是二十世纪最如雷贯耳的名字之一,其杰出天分触及到美国生活的各个方面,他的设计作品超过一千件.其中五百多件得以实现完成,他精力充沛兴趣广泛,兼室内设计师、作家、教育家于-身.

  6. Ernst Neufert, de grootste architect van de moderne wereld?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Oorschot, L.M.

    2012-01-01

    Het fenomeen standaardisering in de bouwindustrie en architectuur houdt de Amerikaans-Iraanse schrijver, curator en wetenschapper Nader Vossoughian uit New York al langer bezig. De recent verschenen nieuwste editie van de vuistdikke Bauentwurfslehre van Neufert is volgens hem exemplarisch voor hoe h

  7. An Engineer, an Architect, and an Anthropologist Walk into a Conference Room...

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aiken, Jo

    2016-01-01

    Ethnographers are urged to "be there", in the field, in order to gain insight about a particular culture. When the field is unreachable, or does not yet exist, the applied anthropologist must adapt their methods accordingly while maintaining the integrity of their research. The space industry presents a unique case study for such a dilemma. Drawing on Bourdieu's 1977 reflection on the structural constraints and the forming of unconscious schemes of thought imposed by the material world on the body, this paper considers the effect of the presence and absence of place in applied, collaborative anthropological work.

  8. An Information Architect's View of Earth Observations for Disaster Risk Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moe, K.; Evans, J. D.; Cappelaere, P. G.; Frye, S. W.; Mandl, D.; Dobbs, K. E.

    2014-12-01

    Satellite observations play a significant role in supporting disaster response and risk management, however data complexity is a barrier to broader use especially by the public. In December 2013 the Committee on Earth Observation Satellites Working Group on Information Systems and Services documented a high-level reference model for the use of Earth observation satellites and associated products to support disaster risk management within the Global Earth Observation System of Systems context. The enterprise architecture identified the important role of user access to all key functions supporting situational awareness and decision-making. This paper focuses on the need to develop actionable information products from these Earth observations to simplify the discovery, access and use of tailored products. To this end, our team has developed an Open GeoSocial API proof-of-concept for GEOSS. We envision public access to mobile apps available on smart phones using common browsers where users can set up a profile and specify a region of interest for monitoring events such as floods and landslides. Information about susceptibility and weather forecasts about flood risks can be accessed. Users can generate geo-located information and photos of local events, and these can be shared on social media. The information architecture can address usability challenges to transform sensor data into actionable information, based on the terminology of the emergency management community responsible for informing the public. This paper describes the approach to collecting relevant material from the disasters and risk management community to address the end user needs for information. The resulting information architecture addresses the structural design of the shared information in the disasters and risk management enterprise. Key challenges are organizing and labeling information to support both online user communities and machine-to-machine processing for automated product generation.

  9. Long Noncoding RNAs as New Architects in Cancer Epigenetics, Prognostic Biomarkers, and Potential Therapeutic Targets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meseure, Didier; Drak Alsibai, Kinan; Nicolas, Andre; Bieche, Ivan; Morillon, Antonin

    2015-01-01

    Recent advances in genome-wide analysis have revealed that 66% of the genome is actively transcribed into noncoding RNAs (ncRNAs) while less than 2% of the sequences encode proteins. Among ncRNAs, high-resolution microarray and massively parallel sequencing technologies have identified long ncRNAs (>200 nucleotides) that lack coding protein function. LncRNAs abundance, nuclear location, and diversity allow them to create in association with protein interactome, a complex regulatory network orchestrating cellular phenotypic plasticity via modulation of all levels of protein-coding gene expression. Whereas lncRNAs biological functions and mechanisms of action are still not fully understood, accumulating data suggest that lncRNAs deregulation is pivotal in cancer initiation and progression and metastatic spread through various mechanisms, including epigenetic effectors, alternative splicing, and microRNA-like molecules. Mounting data suggest that several lncRNAs expression profiles in malignant tumors are associated with prognosis and they can be detected in biological fluids. In this review, we will briefly discuss characteristics and functions of lncRNAs, their role in carcinogenesis, and their potential usefulness as diagnosis and prognosis biomarkers and novel therapeutic targets.

  10. Architects of the genome: CHD dysfunction in cancer, developmental disorders and neurological syndromes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Wangzhi; Mills, Alea A

    2014-01-01

    Chromatin is vital to normal cells, and its deregulation contributes to a spectrum of human ailments. An emerging concept is that aberrant chromatin regulation culminates in gene expression programs that set the stage for the seemingly diverse pathologies of cancer, developmental disorders and neurological syndromes. However, the mechanisms responsible for such common etiology have been elusive. Recent evidence has implicated lesions affecting chromatin-remodeling proteins in cancer, developmental disorders and neurological syndromes, suggesting a common source for these different pathologies. Here, we focus on the chromodomain helicase DNA binding chromatin-remodeling family and the recent evidence for its deregulation in diverse pathological conditions, providing a new perspective on the underlying mechanisms and their implications for these prevalent human diseases.

  11. The Future Architects' Attitude towards Innovations in the Context of Sustainable Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Artemeva, Veronika

    2014-01-01

    The architectural innovations are becoming more and more important in the economic and social development and in the quality improvement of people's lives. Sometimes, however, the implementation of innovative projects can lead to negative consequences. The development of any innovation should be based on a comprehensive analysis of their…

  12. Cell biology in neuroscience: Architects in neural circuit design: glia control neuron numbers and connectivity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Corty, Megan M; Freeman, Marc R

    2013-11-11

    Glia serve many important functions in the mature nervous system. In addition, these diverse cells have emerged as essential participants in nearly all aspects of neural development. Improved techniques to study neurons in the absence of glia, and to visualize and manipulate glia in vivo, have greatly expanded our knowledge of glial biology and neuron-glia interactions during development. Exciting studies in the last decade have begun to identify the cellular and molecular mechanisms by which glia exert control over neuronal circuit formation. Recent findings illustrate the importance of glial cells in shaping the nervous system by controlling the number and connectivity of neurons.

  13. Cohesins: chromatin architects in chromosome segregation, control of gene expression and much more.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barbero, José L

    2009-07-01

    Cells have evolved to develop molecules and control mechanisms that guarantee correct chromosome segregation and ensure the proper distribution of genetic material to daughter cells. In this sense, the establishment, maintenance, and removal of sister chromatid cohesion is one of the most fascinating and dangerous processes in the life of a cell because errors in the control of these processes frequently lead to cell death or aneuploidy. The main protagonist in this mechanism is a four-protein complex denominated the cohesin complex. In the last 10 years, we have improved our understanding of the key players in the regulation of sister chromatid cohesion during cell division in mitosis and meiosis. The last 2 years have seen an increase in evidence showing that cohesins have important functions in non-dividing cells, revealing new, unexplored roles for these proteins in the control of gene expression, development, and other essential cell functions in mammals.

  14. Architects, Captains, and Dreamers: Creating Advisor Roles that Foster Youth-Adult Partnerships

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mitra, Dana; Lewis, Tiffanie; Sanders, Felicia

    2013-01-01

    While research has documented the many ways in which student voice can enable educational change, the process of how adults can help to enable student voice is less clear. This article examines how adults new to working as advisors of student voice initiatives begin to develop partnerships with young people. Using a Youth-Adult Partnership…

  15. Membrane protein architects: the role of the BAM complex in outer membrane protein assembly.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knowles, Timothy J; Scott-Tucker, Anthony; Overduin, Michael; Henderson, Ian R

    2009-03-01

    The folding of transmembrane proteins into the outer membrane presents formidable challenges to Gram-negative bacteria. These proteins must migrate from the cytoplasm, through the inner membrane and into the periplasm, before being recognized by the beta-barrel assembly machinery, which mediates efficient insertion of folded beta-barrels into the outer membrane. Recent discoveries of component structures and accessory interactions of this complex are yielding insights into how cells fold membrane proteins. Here, we discuss how these structures illuminate the mechanisms responsible for the biogenesis of outer membrane proteins.

  16. The major architects of chromatin: architectural proteins in bacteria, archaea and eukaryotes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luijsterburg, Martijn S; White, Malcolm F; van Driel, Roel; Dame, Remus Th

    2008-01-01

    The genomic DNA of all organisms across the three kingdoms of life needs to be compacted and functionally organized. Key players in these processes are DNA supercoiling, macromolecular crowding and architectural proteins that shape DNA by binding to it. The architectural proteins in bacteria, archaea and eukaryotes generally do not exhibit sequence or structural conservation especially across kingdoms. Instead, we propose that they are functionally conserved. Most of these proteins can be classified according to their architectural mode of action: bending, wrapping or bridging DNA. In order for DNA transactions to occur within a compact chromatin context, genome organization cannot be static. Indeed chromosomes are subject to a whole range of remodeling mechanisms. In this review, we discuss the role of (i) DNA supercoiling, (ii) macromolecular crowding and (iii) architectural proteins in genome organization, as well as (iv) mechanisms used to remodel chromosome structure and to modulate genomic activity. We conclude that the underlying mechanisms that shape and remodel genomes are remarkably similar among bacteria, archaea and eukaryotes.

  17. BOOK REVIEW: WETLAND DESIGN, PRINCIPLES AND PRACTICES FOR LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTS AND LAND-USE PLANNERS

    Science.gov (United States)

    The book is organized in such a way that it provides a stepwise guide that begins with a basic historical and aesthetic overview of wetland design. The book then summarizes the key concepts involved in cumultive impacts from a landscape ecology persepetive, and then delves furth...

  18. From construction workers to architects: developing scientific research capacity in low-income countries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coloma, Josefina; Harris, Eva

    2009-07-01

    Solving global health challenges in a sustainable manner depends on explicitly addressing scientific capacity-building needs, as well as establishing long-term, meaningful partnerships with colleagues in the developing world.

  19. Small and Local until it hurts? -Architects and Engineers development in a Professional knowledge industry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Koch, Christian; Buser, Martine

    2009-01-01

      Micro, Small and Mediumsize enterprises are important in European Economy, both in terms of employment and innovation. Equally these firms are assigned an important role in the Architectural, Engineering and Construction industry (AEC). This article reports research made amongst small professio...

  20. Architects of assembly: roles of Flaviviridae non-structural proteins in virion morphogenesis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murray, Catherine L; Jones, Christopher T; Rice, Charles M

    2008-09-01

    Viruses of the Flaviviridae family, including hepatitis C, dengue and bovine viral diarrhoea, are responsible for considerable morbidity and mortality worldwide. Recent advances in our understanding of virion assembly have uncovered commonalities among distantly related members of this family. We discuss the emerging hypothesis that physical virion components are not alone in forming the infectious particle, but that non-structural proteins are intimately involved in orchestrating morphogenesis. Pinpointing the roles of Flaviviridae proteins in virion production could reveal new avenues for antiviral therapeutics.

  1. Architects Urmas Muru and Peeter Pere / Urmas Muru, Peeter Pere ; intervjueerinud Margit Mutso

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Muru, Urmas, 1961-

    2009-01-01

    Arhitektide Urmas Muru ja Peeter Perega nende arhitektuurini jõudmise juhuslikkusest, lemmiktegevusest, tööst Tööstusprojektis, tegelemisest kunstiga (maalikunst, installatsioon, arhitektuurne joonistamine, performance`id), büroo Muru & Pere töödest, fassaadide viimistlusest, materjalidest, säästmisest

  2. Space architecture education for engineers and architects designing and planning beyond earth

    CERN Document Server

    Häuplik-Meusburger, Sandra

    2016-01-01

    This book considers two key educational tools for future generations of professionals with a space architecture background in the 21st century: (1) introducing the discipline of space architecture into the space system engineering curricula; and (2) developing space architecture as a distinct, complete training curriculum.  Professionals educated this way will help shift focus from solely engineering-driven transportation systems and “sortie” missions towards permanent off-world human presence. The architectural training teaches young professionals to operate at all scales from the “overall picture” down to the smallest details, to provide directive intention–not just analysis–to design opportunities, to address the relationship between human behavior and the built environment, and to interact with many diverse fields and disciplines throughout the project lifecycle. This book will benefit individuals and organizations responsible for planning transportation and habitat systems in space, while a...

  3. Eesti Maastikuarhitektide Liidu "Aasta tegu 2014" = Estonian Landscape Architects' Union annual achievment award 2014 / Minea Kaplinski

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaplinski, Minea

    2015-01-01

    Eesti Arhitektide Liidu algatatud EV 100 arhitektuuriprogramm "Hea avalik ruum" pälvis Eesti Maastikuarhitektide Liidu preemia "Aasta tegu 2014". Töögrupi koosseis: Kalle Vellevoog, Ingrid-Mald Villand, Ylle Rajasaar. Loetletud 2015. aasta oktoobriks toimunud arhitektuurikonkursid ja nende võitjad

  4. Lymphoid tissue inducer cells: architects of CD4 immune responses in mice and men.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, M-Y; Kim, K-S; McConnell, F; Lane, P

    2009-07-01

    In this review, we summarize the current understanding of the multiple functions of the mouse lymphoid tissue inducer (LTi) cells in: (i) the development of organized lymphoid tissue, (ii) the generation and maintenance of CD4-dependent immunity in adult lymphoid tissues; and (iii) the regulation of central tolerance in thymus. By contrast with mouse LTi cells, which have been well described, the human equivalent is only just beginning to be characterized. Human LTi-like cells expressing interleukin (IL)-22 have been identified recently and found to differentiate into natural killer (NK) cells. The relationship of LTi cells to NK cells is discussed in the light of several studies reporting a close relationship in the mouse between LTi cells and transcription factor retinoid-related orphan receptor gammat-dependent IL-22 producing NK cells in the gut. We also outline our data suggesting that these cells are present in adult human lymphoid tissues.

  5. Sidwell Friends Quaker School, Washington, DC, by KieranTimberlake Architects

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vibæk, Kasper Sánchez; Stylsvig Madsen, Ulrik

    2012-01-01

    In 2006 the new Middle School Building on the campus of Sidwell Friends School in Washington DC was completed at a cost of $28 million. The project is a renovation and addition to a fifty-year-old educational facility transforming the building and the surrounding landscape into a green expression...

  6. Influence of oxygen in architecting large scale nonpolar GaN nanowires

    CERN Document Server

    Patsha, Avinash; Pandian, Ramanathaswamy; Dhara, S

    2015-01-01

    Manipulation of surface architecture of semiconducting nanowires with a control in surface polarity is one of the important objectives for nanowire based electronic and optoelectronic devices for commercialization. We report the growth of exceptionally high structural and optical quality nonpolar GaN nanowires with controlled and uniform surface morphology and size distribution, for large scale production. The role of O contamination (~1-10^5 ppm) in the surface architecture of these nanowires is investigated with the possible mechanism involved. Nonpolar GaN nanowires grown in O rich condition show the inhomogeneous surface morphologies and sizes (50 - 150 nm) while nanowires are having precise sizes of 40(5) nm and uniform surface morphology, for the samples grown in O reduced condition. Relative O contents are estimated using electron energy loss spectroscopy studies. Size-selective growth of uniform nanowires is also demonstrated, in the O reduced condition, using different catalyst sizes. Photoluminescen...

  7. Protein phosphatase 1 and LTD: synapses are the architects of depression.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Isaac, J

    2001-12-20

    NMDAR-dependent long-term depression involves the activation of protein phosphatase 1 (PP1) and 2B (calcineurin) and the subsequent dephosphorylation of synaptic proteins. In this issue of Neuron, Morishita et al. (2001) provide evidence that precise targeting of PP1 to synaptic substrates is critical for the expression of LTD.

  8. The role of the architect in integrated contracts for social housing renovations in the Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Salcedo Rahola, T.B.; Straub, A.

    2014-01-01

    The use of integrated contracts in the Dutch construction sector has increased in recent years. Integrated contracts presume facilitating a much more effective process than traditional delivery methods leading to reduced cost and time and higher quality. In first instance this type of contracts was

  9. Becoming an education architect. How to design a training program that fits your department's needs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nixon, Robert G

    2006-07-01

    This article has discussed the concept of instructional design and the initial processes involved in creating high-quality, comprehensive training sessions that meet the needs of the EMS organization and its employees. Conducting a training needs assessment, as well as a training needs analysis, provides essential information about the types of training necessary to enhance overall performance. Additionally, knowing the audience and location for the training will afford insight into limitations on the program. This essential information leads to the creation of behavioral or performance objectives as the developing curriculum progresses.

  10. Homi Jehangir Bhabha : Architect of Modern Science and Technology in India

    OpenAIRE

    Singh, Virendra

    2009-01-01

    After describing Bhabha's early life at Bombay, now Mumbai, we discuss his research career at Cambridge, where he made many distinguished contributions to positron physics, cosmic rays and the meson theory. These include theory of positron-electron scattering (Bhabha scattering), Bhabha-Heitler theory of cosmic ray showers and prediction of heavier electrons (ie. muons). Later in his life, after 1945, Bhabha worked in India at Bangalore and Mumbai. In India Bhabha laid foundations of modern n...

  11. Angry young architects: Counterculture and the critique of modernism in Brisbane, 1967-72

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gosseye, J.

    2014-01-01

    By 1967, Brisbane architecture students had had enough. Disenchantment with their “out-dated” architectural education and the rigidity of the Australian architectural establishment opened out onto the wider context of the Moratorium opposing the Vietnam War, and the peculiarly conservative and react

  12. Zaha Hadid Architects%扎哈·哈迪德建筑师事务所

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭文苑

    2010-01-01

    @@ 扎哈·哈迪德建筑师事务所的创始人Zaha Hadid 于2004年获得普利兹克建筑奖,她的建筑作品、理论研究和学术成就在国际上广受关注.她的每一个动态创新项目都是基于30多年的革新实验和研究,都涉足市生活、建筑和设计三个内部关联的领域.

  13. Arhitekt ja sotsiaalne linnaruum = Architect and Social Urban Space / Krista Kodres

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kodres, Krista, 1957-

    2005-01-01

    Eesti arhitektuuris domineeriva arhitekt-skulptori positsiooni, kehva avaliku ruumi kvaliteedi ning linnaplaneerimise taseme põhjustest. On vaadeldud eelkõige kaasaegse eesti arhitektuuri liidergruppe, keskendutud põhiliselt sellele, mis seostub arhitekti kui sotsiaalse tellimuse täitja rolliga. Artiklist inspireeritud arutlus (eesti k.) Krista Kodrese ja ajakirja peatoimetaja Triin Ojari vahel

  14. The major architects of chromatin: Architectural proteins in bacteria, archaea and eukaryotes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Luijsterburg, M.S.; White, M.F.; van Driel, R.; Dame, R.T.

    2008-01-01

    The genomic DNA of all organisms across the three kingdoms of life needs to be compacted and functionally organized. Key players in these processes are DNA supercoiling, macromolecular crowding and architectural proteins that shape DNA by binding to it. The architectural proteins in bacteria, archae

  15. 48 CFR 952.236-71 - Inspection in architect-engineer contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... require his subcontractors to provide all reasonable facilities and assistance for the safety and convenience of the Government representatives in the performance of their duties. All inspections...

  16. Why golden rectangle is used so often by architects: A mathematical approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Krishnendra Shekhawat

    2015-06-01

    This work begins with an algorithm which constructs a Fibonacci rectangle and a golden rectangle. Then adjacency among the squares (which are arranged inside them is defined, by considering each square as a room or an architectural space. At the end, using some tools of the graph theory, it has been proved that they are one of the best arrangements of squares (or rectangles inside a rectangle, from the point of view of connectivity.

  17. FLAVOUR - Friendly Location-aware Conference Aid with PriVacy Observant ArchitectURe

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Muthukrishnan, Kavitha; Meratnia, Nirvana; Lijding, Maria

    2005-01-01

    Context-aware applications are emerging on the daily basis and location information proves to be one of the key components to develop context-aware applications upon. This stems from the fact that location information enables and facilitates reasoning about what users are doing (user's behavioural p

  18. Securing Location Services Infrastructures: Practical Criteria for Application Developers and Solutions Architects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karamanian, Andre

    2013-01-01

    This qualitative, exploratory, normative study examined the security and privacy of location based services in mobile applications. This study explored risk, and controls to implement privacy and security. This study was addressed using components of the FIPS Risk Management Framework. This study found that risk to location information was…

  19. An Advanced Computational Approach to System of Systems Analysis & Architecting Using Agent-Based Behavioral Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-29

    color or single word description. An overall evaluation, that combines several attributes, is still largely a gestalt of component attribute values...limits on our capacity for processing information. Psychological Review, 63(2), 81-97. NDIA. (11 October 2011). Best Practices Model for SoS Systems

  20. Body architects in Physical Education and Sports. Among files, skills and knowledge (Argentina early twentieth century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pablo Ariel Scharagrodsky

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The following article discusses the creation of two 'skills' with knowledge, procedures, techniques and specific competence when it comes to educate moving bodies: Physical Education teachers and sports doctors in Argentina during the first half of the twentieth century. Starting from the social history of the body (Turner, 1989; Porter, 2003; Vigarello, 2005, this paper focuses its view on knowledge (anthropometry, biometrics and biotypology and procedures (physical bulletins and sports biotypological files used by both 'skills' to identify the ideal types of built corporeality such as the omissions, exclusions and silences that accompanied those body ideals when placing them in their gymnastic, recreational and / or sports 'right place'

  1. Fundamental Developments of 16th Century Ottoman Architecture: Innovations in the Art of Architect Sinan

    OpenAIRE

    Muzaffer Ozgules

    2008-01-01

    This study aims to reveal and explain the principal innovations in Sinan's art. Although several previous studies have concentrated on Ottoman architecture and especially on Sinan's art, a distinctive research on the innovative contributions of Sinan had not been offered yet. By making use of the definitions of innovation given in the Oslo Manual, and searching the relevant literature, in which developments achieved by Sinan arc claimed, an evaluation of innovative steps taken in 16l century ...

  2. Ludovico Stanzani: Freemason Architect and coin connoisseur. Notes on his biography and collection

    OpenAIRE

    D'Ottone, Arianna

    2012-01-01

    The paper aims at illustrating the results of my latest researches on the life and coin collection of Ludovico Stanzani. The recent discovery of a plaster bust informs us, for example, about Stanzani’s affiliation to the Freemasonry and gives a face to his name. Some handwritten tickets accompanying his coins give evidence of the numismatic literature used to identify the pieces – probably by Stanzani himself or by someone who had access to his collection. In the Appendix fi...

  3. Architecting end-to-end convergence of Web and Telco services

    OpenAIRE

    Nicolas, Gérard; Sbata, Karim; Najm, Elie

    2011-01-01

    International audience; Over the last few years, significant evolutions such as the mobile phones' enhanced Web-browsing capabilities and the technical incursion of Web major players into the Telco world (e.g. Google, Facebook) have reduced the gap between Telecom and Web worlds. In this context, converging IMS or Internet Protocol Multimedia Subsystem and Web service platforms has become a key challenge that needs to be addressed by both Web and telecom players. Several interesting solutions...

  4. Planning and installing photovoltaic systems a guide for installers, architects and engineers

    CERN Document Server

    Deutsche Gesellschaft für Sonnenenergie (DGS)

    2013-01-01

    New third edition of the bestselling manual from the German Solar Energy Society (DGS), showing you the essential steps to plan and install a solar photovoltaic system. With a global focus, it has been updated to include sections on new technology and concepts, new legislation and the current PV market.Updates cover:new developments in inverter and module technologymarket situation worldwide and outlookintegration to the grid (voltage stabilization, frequency, remote control)new legal requirements for installation and planningoperational costs for dismantling and recyclingfeed-in managementnew requirements for fire protectionnew requirements in Europe for electric waste (Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment, WEEE) and the restriction of the use of certain hazardous substances (RoHS).Also providing information on current developments in system design, economic analysis, operation and maintenance of PV systems, as well as new software tools, hybrid and tracking systems.An essential manual for installers, e...

  5. CTCF-cohesin complex: architect of chromatin structure regulates V(D)J rearrangement

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ann J Feeney; Jiyoti Verma-Gaur

    2012-01-01

    The CTCF/cohesin complex regulates higher order chromatin structure by creating long-range chromatin loops and by insulating neighboring genes from each other.The lymphocyte antigen receptor loci have large numbers of CTCF/cohesin binding sites,and recent studies demonstrate that the CTCF/cohesin complex plays several important roles in regulating the process of V(D)J recombination at these megabase-sized receptor loci.

  6. The CEOS Global Observation Strategy for Disaster Risk Management: An Enterprise Architect's View

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moe, K.; Evans, J. D.; Frye, S.

    2013-12-01

    The Committee on Earth Observation Satellites (CEOS) Working Group on Information Systems and Services (WGISS), on behalf of the Global Earth Observation System of Systems (GEOSS), is defining an enterprise architecture (known as GA.4.D) for the use of satellite observations in international disaster management. This architecture defines the scope and structure of the disaster management enterprise (based on disaster types and phases); its processes (expressed via use cases / system functions); and its core values (in particular, free and open data sharing via standard interfaces). The architecture also details how a disaster management enterprise describes, obtains, and handles earth observations and data products for decision-support; and how it draws on distributed computational services for streamlined operational capability. We have begun to apply this architecture to a new CEOS initiative, the Global Observation Strategy for Disaster Risk Management (DRM). CEOS is defining this Strategy based on the outcomes of three pilot projects focused on seismic hazards, volcanoes, and floods. These pilots offer a unique opportunity to characterize and assess the impacts (benefits / costs) of the GA.4.D architecture in practice. In particular, the DRM Floods Pilot is applying satellite-based optical and radar data to flood mitigation, warning, and response, including monitoring and modeling at regional to global scales. It is focused on serving user needs and building local institutional / technical capacity in the Caribbean, Southern Africa, and Southeast Asia. In the context of these CEOS DRM Pilots, we are characterizing where and how the GA.4D architecture helps participants to: - Understand the scope and nature of hazard events quickly and accurately - Assure timely delivery of observations into analysis, modeling, and decision-making - Streamline user access to products - Lower barriers to entry for users or suppliers - Streamline or focus field operations in disaster reduction - Reduce redundancies and gaps in inter-organizational systems - Assist in planning / managing / prioritizing information and computing resources - Adapt computational resources to new technologies or evolving user needs - Sustain capability for the long term Insights from this exercise are helping us to abstract best practices applicable to other contexts, disaster types, and disaster phases, whereby local communities can improve their use of satellite data for greater preparedness. This effort is also helping to assess the likely impacts and roles of emerging technologies (such as cloud computing, "Big Data" analysis, location-based services, crowdsourcing, semantic services, small satellites, drones, direct broadcast, or model webs) in future disaster management activities.

  7. Development and (evidence for) destruction of biofilm with Pseudomonas aeruginosa as architect

    Science.gov (United States)

    Uzcategui, Valerie N.; Donadeo, John J.; Lombardi, Daniel R.; Costello, Michael J.; Sauer, Richard L.

    1991-01-01

    Disinfection and maintenance of an acceptable level of asepsis in spacecraft potable water delivery systems is a formidable task. The major area of research for this project has been to monitor the formation and growth of biofilm, and biofilm attached microorganisms, on stainless steel surfaces (specifically coupons), and the use of ozone for the elimination of these species in a closed loop system. A number of different techniques have been utilized during the course of a typical run. Scraping and sonication of coupon surfaces with subsequent plating as well as epifluorescence microscopy have been utilized to enumerate biofilm protected Pseudomonas aeruginosa. In addition, scanning electron microscopy is the method of choice to examine the integrity of the biofilm. For ozone determinations, the indigo decolorization spectrophotometric method seems most reliable. Both high- and low-nutrient cultured P. aeruginosa organisms were the target species for the ozone disinfection experiments.

  8. BioClimatic Architecture without Architects: Green Design Tips by Insects, Animals and Vernacular Buildings

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Christodoulou, A.

    2011-01-01

    This "designers' manual" is made during the TIDO-course AR0531 Smart & Bioclimatic Design. In our struggle towards a smarter building approach we can get our inspiration from natural and vernacular buildings, which survived for thousands of years and integrated well with nature, without the technol

  9. A Systems Approach to Architecting a Mission Package for LCS Support of Amphibious Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-09-01

    energy rather than ammunition cartridges , fueling and refueling aviation assets, supporting required maintenance operations, and monitoring the...of 10 meters or less. C2 Subsystem Fire Control The Fire Control shall be capable of calculating solutions for Air Weapon Systems and Shipboard...imaging can aid in target identification. The photograph in Figure 27 is a SAR image of hangars at Kirtland air force base with a one- meter resolution

  10. Architecting Prodiguer: the next generation French climate modelling data management platform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morgan, Mark; Denvil, Sebastien; Bhardwaj, Ashish

    2010-05-01

    The Pierre Simon Laplace Institute (IPSL), like many other climate modeling groups, is involved in the international development of a comprehensive Earth System Model (ESM) to study the interactions between chemical, physical, and biological processes. This work entails the coupling of different components (land, ocean, atmosphere, chemistry...etc) and requires an execution environment platform that can tackle the entire range of interdependent model configurations. Furthermore, the ever-increasing number of simulations, executed against model configurations within scientific computing centres, is generating a huge volume of data and meta-data that must be made available to the international community of researchers, modelers, students and general users. IPSL is in the process of implementing a French national project called Prodiguer whose objective is to ensure that the data and meta-data can be delivered to the French & international communities in a timely and appropriate fashion, hence acheiving the strategic goals outlined above. Prodiguer aims to leverage, extend and build upon the work of international projects such as Earth System Grid, METAFOR and IS-ENES. Thus Prodiguer is to be seen as one actor amongst many attempting the difficult task of information integration within a complex enterprise space. We will present the technical architecture being put in place to achieve the goals of Prodiguer. Such an architecture necessarily encompasses many aspects of Service / Resource Orientated Architural practice. From security to messaging patterns, from message queues to failover strategies, we will illustrate how pragmatism is inevitably the main driver behind such an architecture. We will also illustrate that as the number of actors increases so does workflow complexity, and as a consequence simplicity becomes an important guiding factor in itself.

  11. Light liquid: a holographic 'lake' installed on the roof of an architect's model townscape

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pepper, A.

    2013-02-01

    There has been considerable speculation about the use of holography in architecture and interior design over the past 20 years, with some spectacular examples having been realised. A number of installed works are referenced which use interior and exterior structures and spaces. Scale is considered as well as the possibility of architectural works existing within an artificial (model) environment. The visual, conceptual and critical values such an installation provokes are interrogated, with particular reference to 'Light Liquid, a holographic 'lake' installed within the 2011 Miniment[s] exhibition at Nottingham Trent University, UK. Aspects of miniature public art interventions, and whether they can have a critical validity within a contrived and artificial environment, are examined.

  12. Changing Pedagogic Codes in a Class of Landscape Architects Learning "Ecologically Sustainable Development"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lawson, G. M.

    2010-01-01

    Professional discourse in education has been the focus of research conducted mostly with teachers and professional practitioners, but the work of students in the built environment has largely been ignored. This article presents an analysis of students' visual discourse in the final professional year of a landscape architecture course in Brisbane,…

  13. Lawyers and Courts as Architects of Educational Policy: The Case of Minimal Competence Testing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Getz, Jon E.; Glass, Gene V.

    1979-01-01

    The authors critique legal arguments which have been used by attorneys, especially Merle S. McClung of the Center for Law and Education, in opposing minimum competency testing programs in the schools. The arguments mainly concern the 14th Amendment, racial discrimination, and the denial of due process. (SJL)

  14. Listening in Circles: Spoken Drama and the Architects of Sound, 1750-1830

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    V. Tkaczyk

    2013-01-01

    The establishment of the discipline of architectural acoustics is generally attributed to the physicist Wallace Clement Sabine, who developed the formula for reverberation time around 1900, and with it the possibility of making calculated prognoses about the acoustic potential of a particular design

  15. SARA (System ARchitects Apprentice): Modeling, analysis, and simulation support for design of concurrent systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Estrin, G.; Fenchel, R.S.; Razouk, R.R.; Vernon, M.K.

    1986-02-01

    An environment to support designers in the modeling, analysis and simulation of concurrent systems is described. It is shown how a fully nested structure model supports multilevel design and focuses attention on the interfaces between the modules which serve to encapsulate behavior. Using simple examples the paper indicates how a formal graph model can be used to model behavior in three domains: control flow, data flow, and interpretation. The effectiveness of the explicity environment model in SARA is discussed and the capability to analyze correctness and evaluate performance of a system model are demonstrated. A description of the integral help designed into SARA shows how the designer can be offered consistent use of any new tool introduced to support the design process.

  16. ARCHITECT'S LIGHT AND HEAVY%建筑师的轻与重

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    2000年由帕布罗·卡斯特洛和詹妮弗·李共同创立的OBRA建筑事务所,今年在北京建立了他们的第二个工作室.OBRA负责的项目范围很广,并一致通过对于材料、结构、选址和体验的探索追求发明的灵感和兴趣.他们的实践试图挑战并拓展建筑挖掘其自身意义/涵义的隐喻范畴.OBRA把每个项目都视为与其周边环境、外延的选址以及对建筑作品的理念理解密切相关.因此,很多他们的方案和已完成的作品包括户外元素和大自然融合的因素.

  17. Facilitating Software Architecting by Ranking Requirements based on their Impact on the Architecture Process

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Galster, Matthias; Eberlein, Armin; Sprinkle, J; Sterritt, R; Breitman, K

    2011-01-01

    Ranking software requirements helps decide what requirements to implement during a software development project, and when. Currently, requirements ranking techniques focus on resource constraints or stakeholder priorities and neglect the effect of requirements on the software architecture process. H

  18. Where Are the People? The Human Viewpoint Approach for Architecting and Acquisition

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-10-01

    Baker, Pogue, Pagotto, & Greenley , 2006). TABLE 1. HUMAN VIEWPOINT MODELS Product Name Description HV-A Concept A conceptual, high-level...and Acquisition References Baker, K., Pogue, C., Pagotto, J., & Greenley , M. (2006). Human Views: Addressing the human element of capability-based

  19. "Are We Architects or Construction Workers?" Re-Examining Teacher Autonomy and Turnover in Charter Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Torres, A. Chris

    2014-01-01

    Charter school teachers nationwide expressed greater autonomy compared to traditional public school teachers at the turn of the century. But is this trend changing? The recent proliferation of Charter Management Organizations (CMOs), which often have prescriptive organizational models, has raised questions around how teachers perceive autonomy and…

  20. The architects of crenarchaeal chromatin : A biophysical characterization of chromatin proteins from Sulfolobus solfataricus

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Driessen, Rosalie Paula Catharina

    2014-01-01

    Understanding of chromatin organization and compaction in Archaea is currently limited. The genome of several megabasepairs long is folded by a set of small chromatin proteins to fit into the micron-sized cell. A first step in understanding archaeal chromatin organization is to study the action of i

  1. Left-handedness among architects: partial replication and some new data.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peterson, J M; Lansky, L M

    1977-12-01

    As predicted, over a 6-yr. period, more left-handed proportionately than right-handed architecture students successfully completed their 6-yr. program. Contrary to expectation, the entering class in 1976 had 21% left-handed males, 12 of 57. Lastly these left-handed men had high factor scores in a group of academic predictors, design scores, and grade point averages during the first quarter. The 45 right-handed men in the entering class had almost zero mean scores on the predictors and negative mean scores on performance. The 19 right-handed women in the class had negative scores on the academic predictors and positive ones on performance.

  2. Listening in Circles: Spoken Drama and the Architects of Sound, 1750-1830

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tkaczyk, V.

    2014-01-01

    The establishment of the discipline of architectural acoustics is generally attributed to the physicist Wallace Clement Sabine, who developed the formula for reverberation time around 1900, and with it the possibility of making calculated prognoses about the acoustic potential of a particular design

  3. Contingency Contracting Officer Proficiency Assessment Test Development for Construction, Architect-Engineer, and Contingency Contracting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-01

    acquisitionresearch.net Bloom , B. S . (1956). Taxonomy of educational objectives : The classification of educational goals (1st ed.). New York, NY: Longmans, Green...explored the taxonomy of educational objectives , while concentrating principally on the cognitive domain, which consists of knowledge...modified from Bloom’s Taxonomy of Educational Objectives : Cognitive Domain (1956). The categories include recall, comprehension, and application

  4. 工匠·思想着的建筑师——访青年建筑师杨瑛博士%Craftsman,a Thinking Architect-An Interview with Distinguished Youth Architect Doctor YANG Ying

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    屈湘玲

    2008-01-01

    在风风火火的湖南建筑设计市场,他的名字曾无数次被同行提起;在新锐建筑师层出不穷的本土建筑设计领域,他的作品不断地出现在许多重要的城市;在湖南省各大重点项目招评标会议上,他的身影经常会忙碌而匆忙地出现。他,就是湖南省建筑师学会理事长、湖南省建筑设计院总建筑师杨瑛博士。

  5. Making Effective Decisions in Computer Architects' Real-World: Lessons and Experiences with Godson-2 Processor Designs

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wei-Wu Hu; Jian Wang

    2008-01-01

    Although the design of many kinds of microprocessors has been under developing for several decades, the computer architecture R&D community lacks well documented lessons and experiences about design decisions in the research literature. In this paper, we systematically present the design decisions we made during the designing and prototyping of Godson-2 series processors. The 250MHz Godson-2B, 450MHz Godson-2C, and 1GHz Godson-2E processors that implement 64-bit, four-issue, out-of-order architecture were taped out in 2003, 2004, and 2005, respectively. Each processor triples its predecessor in the SPEC CPU2000 rates. Our first-hand experiences and lessons gained from these designs would provide unique perspectives and insights that are not available in any existing text books and/or published papers. We summarize 10 critical lessons and experiences based on hundreds of our attempts at architectural and design optimizations for performance improvement of Godson-2 series processors. Tile issues include silicon-simulation correlation, design balancing, performance optimizing, and pico-architecture tuning. We conclude that persistent improvement, attitude towards work-on-silicon design,and insightful understanding of software and fabrication process are the three most important factors for designing a high performance processor with low energy consumption.

  6. Põhuteater ehk Salto arhitektide must monoliit = Straw Theatre or the Black Monolith by the Salto Architects / Risto Kozer

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kozer, Risto

    2011-01-01

    Tallinnas 2011. a. valminud NO99 Põhuteatrist. Arhitektid: Maarja Kask, Karli Luik, Ralf Lõoke, Pelle-Sten Viiburg (Salto AB). Projekt: 2010. Loodud ajaperioodiks 30.04.-01.10.2011. Skoone bastionist enne Põhuteatrit

  7. c-myc and N-myc promote active stem cell metabolism and cycling as architects of the developing brain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wey, Alice; Knoepfler, Paul S

    2010-06-01

    myc genes are associated with a wide variety of human cancers including most types of nervous system tumors. While the mechanisms by which myc overexpression causes tumorigenesis are multifaceted and have yet to be clearly elucidated, they are at least in part related to endogenous myc function in normal cells. Knockout (KO) of either c-myc or N-myc genes in neural stem and precursor cells (NSC) driven by nestin-cre impairs mouse brain growth and mutation of N-myc also causes microcephaly in humans in Feingold Syndrome. To further define myc function in NSC and nervous system development, we created a double KO (DKO) for c- and N-myc using nestin-cre. The DKO mice display profoundly impaired overall brain growth associated with decreased cell cycling and migration of NSC, which are strikingly decreased in number. The DKO brain also exhibits specific changes in gene expression including downregulation of genes involved in protein and nucleotide metabolism, mitosis, and chromatin structure as well as upregulation of genes associated with differentiation. Together these data support a model of nervous system tumorigenesis in which excess myc aberrantly locks in a developmentally active chromatin state characterized by overactive cell cycling, and metabolism as well as blocked differentiation.

  8. Meediaajastu arhitektid = Architects in the Media Era / Pedro Gadanho ; interv. Tõnis Kimmel, Kaur Stöör

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Gadanho, Pedro

    2002-01-01

    Intervjuu 2002. a. märtsis Tallinnas Rotermanni soolalaos eksponeeritud briti arhitektuurinäituse "Space Imvaders" kuraatori P. Gadanhoga. Arhitekti tööst ja rollist kaasaegsetes linlikes protsessides, lühidalt Eesti büroodest jm

  9. Bio-molecular architects: a scaffold provided by the C-terminal domain of eukaryotic RNA polymerase II.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Mengmeng; Gill, Gordon N; Zhang, Yan

    2010-01-01

    In eukaryotic cells, the transcription of genes is accurately orchestrated both spatially and temporally by the C-terminal domain of RNA polymerase II (CTD). The CTD provides a dynamic platform to recruit different regulators of the transcription apparatus. Different posttranslational modifications are precisely applied to specific sites of the CTD to coordinate transcription process. Regulators of the RNA polymerase II must identify specific sites in the CTD for cellular survival, metabolism, and development. Even though the CTD is disordered in the eukaryotic RNA polymerase II crystal structures due to its intrinsic flexibility, recent advances in the complex structural analysis of the CTD with its binding partners provide essential clues for understanding how selectivity is achieved for individual site recognition. The recent discoveries of the interactions between the CTD and histone modification enzymes disclose an important role of the CTD in epigenetic control of the eukaryotic gene expression. The intersection of the CTD code with the histone code discloses an intriguing yet complicated network for eukaryotic transcriptional regulation.

  10. A Comparison between the American Institute of Architects’ and the United States Navy’s Construction Contract General Provisions

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-01-01

    modifications would be decided on principles of promissory estoppel , authority of the party making the modification, course of conduct, waiver and estoppel ...Government from asserting their agent lacked the authority to bind the Government when it would be unjust to protect the Government and when the Government

  11. Teachers as Architects of Transformation: The Change Process of an Elementary-School Teacher in a Practitioner Research Group

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vetter, Amy

    2012-01-01

    Lasting change in teacher practice is difficult because it expects that teachers challenge and reconstruct deeply embedded practices and beliefs. Less research has examined teachers' change process to better understand what professional spaces foster teachers as they construct their own transformation. This qualitative study examined the following…

  12. 抽象的本质:nred的建筑实践%Abstract Natures from nred Architects

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    Nred Arquitectos事务所由Magui Gonza1ez和Jose Antonio Sosa两位建筑师的工作室组成,他们在教学及实验实践中发展出一套“抽象”的机制,这种理论性框架以逻辑关系为基础,立足于双重空间的分析与实践,使建筑师能应对不同的概念,并能适用于特定项目。

  13. Unscrambling an architect's landscape work%一件建筑师的景观作品解读

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李一楠

    2009-01-01

    以平原博物院的景观设计为背景,就建筑的延伸、基于环境行为学的设计理念、植物景观设计及铺地设计等进行了较系统的论述,通观平原博物院整个景观设计方案,从而证实了景观设计与建筑设计之间的关系.%With the landscape design of Pingyuan museum as background, the building elongating, the design concept based on environmental behavior, plant landscape design and flooring design were discussed systemtically. The relationship between landscape design and architectural design was proved with the integral landscape design scheme of Pingyuan museum.

  14. Non-uniform hybrid strategy for architecting and modeling flight vehicle focused system-of-systems operations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tian Yifeng

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available To balance the contradiction between comprehensiveness of system-of-systems (SoS description and cost of modeling and simulation, a non-uniform hybrid strategy (NUHYS is proposed. NUHYS groups elements of an SoS operation into system community or relatively independent system based on contributors complexity and focus relationship according to the focus of SoS problem. Meanwhile, modeling methods are categorized based on details attention rate and dynamic attention rate, seeking for matching contributors. Taking helicopter rescue in earthquake relief as an example, the procedure of applying NUHYS and its effectiveness are verified.

  15. An Advanced Computational Approach to System of Systems Analysis & Architecting Using Agent-Based Behavioral Model: Phase 2

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-18

    which is used to abstract the non- utopian behavioral aspects of the constituent systems and their interactions with the SoS. In particular, the...11 2 Background and Literature Review...methodology, which is used to abstract the non- utopian behavioral aspects of the constituent systems and their interactions with the SoS. In

  16. Henry Currey FRIBA (1820-1900): leading Victorian hospital architect, and early exponent of the "pavilion principle".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cook, G C

    2002-06-01

    The "pavilion plan" for hospital design originated in France in the 18th century and was popularised in England by John Roberton and George Godwin in the mid-19th century; the underlying rationale was that with improved ventilation the mortality rate (at that time exceedingly high) was significantly reduced. Among the enthusiasts for this new style was Florence Nightingale (herself a miasmatist)--who had experienced astronomically high death rates in the hospital at Scutari during the Crimean War (1854-6). One of the leading exponents of this style of hospital architecture was Henry Currey (1820-1900) whose greatest achievement was undoubtedly the design for the new St Thomas's Hospital on the Lambeth Palace Road.

  17. Op zoek naar de tropenstijl, Leven en werk van prof. ir. C.P. Wolff Schoemaker, Indisch architect

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dullemen, C.J. van

    2008-01-01

    This thesis is about the life and work of Charles Prosper Wolff Schoemaker. He was born on Java in 1882 and died on the same island in May 1949. For his secondary school education and study at the KMA (Royal Military Academy), Charles was sent to the Netherlands. In 1905 he returned to the Dutch Eas

  18. THE ROLE OF THE ARCHITECT IN PROJECTS SUPPORTED BY BIM TECHNOLOGY AND THE SKILLS THAT SHOULD BE TAUGHT IN UNIVERSITY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Bernardete Barison

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo discute o papel do arquiteto em empreendimentos desenvolvidos com tecnologia de Modelagem da Informação da Construção (Building Information Modeling – BIM. O objetivo do estudo é identificar as competências ligadas ao BIM requeridas desse profissional e o apontamento de quais devem ser ensinadas na graduação, especialmente no ensino de projeto de arquitetura. Inicialmente, é apresentada a atual situação da implementação de BIM por empresas do setor de Arquitetura, Engenharia Civil, Construção e Facility Management (AEC/FM no Brasil. Em seguida, é apresentado um modelo teórico para um fluxo de trabalho BIM que pode ser adaptado para ser utilizado no Brasil. Tendo como base esse fluxo, que se divide em oito etapas, o papel do arquiteto é discutido, assim como as novas competências requeridas desse profissional. Adicionalmente, o currículo de arquitetura é discutido para saber em quais disciplinas o BIM pode ser introduzido e quais conteúdos deveriam ser ensinados. O estudo se baseou em revisão da literatura, com a qual foi possível conhecer o que muda no ensino de projeto de arquitetura com o uso de BIM.

  19. Acoustics and the Performance of Music Manual for Acousticians, Audio Engineers, Musicians, Architects and Musical Instrument Makers

    CERN Document Server

    Meyer, Jürgen

    2009-01-01

    Acoustics and the Performance of Music connects scientific understandings of acoustics with practical applications to musical performance. Of central importance are the tonal characteristics of musical instruments and the singing voice including detailed representations of directional characteristics. Furthermore, room acoustical concerns related to concert halls and opera houses are considered. Based on this, suggestions are made for musical performance. Included are seating arrangements within the orchestra and adaptations of performance techniques to the performance environment. In the presentation we dispense with complicated mathematical connections and deliberately aim for conceptual explanations accessible to musicians, particularly for conductors. The graphical representations of the directional dependence of sound radiation by musical instruments and the singing voice are unique. Since the first edition was published in 1978, this book has been completely revised and rewritten to include current rese...

  20. Collaboratively Architecting a Scalable and Adaptable Petascale Infrastructure to Support Transdisciplinary Scientific Research for the Australian Earth and Environmental Sciences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wyborn, L. A.; Evans, B. J. K.; Pugh, T.; Lescinsky, D. T.; Foster, C.; Uhlherr, A.

    2014-12-01

    The National Computational Infrastructure (NCI) at the Australian National University (ANU) is a partnership between CSIRO, ANU, Bureau of Meteorology (BoM) and Geoscience Australia. Recent investments in a 1.2 PFlop Supercomputer (Raijin), ~ 20 PB data storage using Lustre filesystems and a 3000 core high performance cloud have created a hybrid platform for higher performance computing and data-intensive science to enable large scale earth and climate systems modelling and analysis. There are > 3000 users actively logging in and > 600 projects on the NCI system. Efficiently scaling and adapting data and software systems to petascale infrastructures requires the collaborative development of an architecture that is designed, programmed and operated to enable users to interactively invoke different forms of in-situ computation over complex and large scale data collections. NCI makes available major and long tail data collections from both the government and research sectors based on six themes: 1) weather, climate and earth system science model simulations, 2) marine and earth observations, 3) geosciences, 4) terrestrial ecosystems, 5) water and hydrology and 6) astronomy, bio and social. Collectively they span the lithosphere, crust, biosphere, hydrosphere, troposphere, and stratosphere. Collections are the operational form for data management and access. Similar data types from individual custodians are managed cohesively. Use of international standards for discovery and interoperability allow complex interactions within and between the collections. This design facilitates a transdisciplinary approach to research and enables a shift from small scale, 'stove-piped' science efforts to large scale, collaborative systems science. This new and complex infrastructure requires a move to shared, globally trusted software frameworks that can be maintained and updated. Workflow engines become essential and need to integrate provenance, versioning, traceability, repeatability and publication. There are also human resource challenges as highly skilled HPC/HPD specialists, specialist programmers, and data scientists are required whose skills can support scaling to the new paradigm of effective and efficient data-intensive earth science analytics on petascale, and soon to be exascale systems.

  1. Architecting Human Operator Trust in Automation to Improve System Effectiveness in Multiple Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) Control

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-03-01

    2007) ............. 28 Figure 7 - Antifakos, Kern, Schiele & Schwaninger, 2005 .......................................................... 30 Figure 8...have identified common factors that influence trust (Antifakos, Kern, Schiele , & Schwaninger, 2005); (Parasuraman, Sheridan, & Wickens, 2008...completely reliable system (Antifakos, Kern, Schiele , & Schwaninger, 2005). Antifakos, et al. propose displaying system confidence in 29 order to help

  2. Shedding New Light on the 18th Dynasty Mummies of the Royal Architect Kha and His Spouse Merit.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raffaella Bianucci

    Full Text Available The mummies of Kha and his wife Merit were found intact in an undisturbed tomb in western Thebes near the ancient workers' village of Deir el-Medina. Previous MDCT (this abbreviation needs spelling out investigations showed that the bodies of Kha and Merit did not undergo classical royal 18th Dynasty artificial mummification, which included removal of the internal organs. It was, therefore, concluded that the retention of the viscera in the body, combined with an absence of canopic jars in the burial chamber, meant the couple underwent a short and shoddy funerary procedure, despite their relative wealth at death. Nevertheless, all internal organs - brain, ocular bulbs/ocular nerves, thoracic and abdominal organs - showed a very good state of preservation, which contradicts the previous interpretation above. In order to better understand the type of mummification used to embalm these bodies, both wrapped mummies were reinvestigated using new generation X-ray imaging and chemical microanalyses Here we provide evidence that both individuals underwent a relatively high quality of mummification, fundamentally contradicting previous understanding. Elucidated "recipes", whose components had anti-bacterial and anti-insecticidal properties, were used to treat their bodies. The time and effort undoubtedly employed to embalm both Kha and Merit and the use of imported costly resins, notably Pistacia, do not support the previously held view that the two individuals were poorly mummified. Despite a lack of evisceration, the approach clearly allowed their in situ preservation as well as affording a fairly successful mummification.

  3. Shedding New Light on the 18th Dynasty Mummies of the Royal Architect Kha and His Spouse Merit.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bianucci, Raffaella; Habicht, Michael E; Buckley, Stephen; Fletcher, Joann; Seiler, Roger; Öhrström, Lena M; Vassilika, Eleni; Böni, Thomas; Rühli, Frank J

    2015-01-01

    The mummies of Kha and his wife Merit were found intact in an undisturbed tomb in western Thebes near the ancient workers' village of Deir el-Medina. Previous MDCT (this abbreviation needs spelling out) investigations showed that the bodies of Kha and Merit did not undergo classical royal 18th Dynasty artificial mummification, which included removal of the internal organs. It was, therefore, concluded that the retention of the viscera in the body, combined with an absence of canopic jars in the burial chamber, meant the couple underwent a short and shoddy funerary procedure, despite their relative wealth at death. Nevertheless, all internal organs - brain, ocular bulbs/ocular nerves, thoracic and abdominal organs - showed a very good state of preservation, which contradicts the previous interpretation above. In order to better understand the type of mummification used to embalm these bodies, both wrapped mummies were reinvestigated using new generation X-ray imaging and chemical microanalyses Here we provide evidence that both individuals underwent a relatively high quality of mummification, fundamentally contradicting previous understanding. Elucidated "recipes", whose components had anti-bacterial and anti-insecticidal properties, were used to treat their bodies. The time and effort undoubtedly employed to embalm both Kha and Merit and the use of imported costly resins, notably Pistacia, do not support the previously held view that the two individuals were poorly mummified. Despite a lack of evisceration, the approach clearly allowed their in situ preservation as well as affording a fairly successful mummification.

  4. Crowd-sourcing higher education architecting the sustainable design and development of E-Learning in Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Griff Richards

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Post-secondary access in Africa hovers around 6%, in part because there is a lack of access to physical campuses. In Phase I of the African Virtual University’s Multinational Project, 73 undergraduate courses were developed and published as OERs in English, French and Portuguese. These in turn were adopted and localized by African universities. While over 1.3 million downloads of the materials have taken place in the last 5 years, no attempt was made to harness the input of user to maintain or improve the courses. Seven years later, the African Virtual University will renew these courses along with another 50 or so in disciplines of high demand. But this time the AVU architecture will call for a sustainable approach to e-learning that challenges the 22 universities in 15 countries to not only help further develop the courses, but also to maintain them and sustain them across multiple languages.This article discusses the potential role of crowd-sourcing in curriculum development, and sketches a preliminary architecture for building a community of practice to sustain e-Learning in Africa. 

  5. A letter about Water and Sensing & Dancing - an architect reflecting upon Fortuny and Wagner - Wagnerism in the visual arts

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fisker, Anna Marie

    2013-01-01

    Contribution to symposium catalogue - presenting the vision for a future dance performance devoted to sensing and water. Published at the final symposium for the artistic research project "Sense & Dance".......Contribution to symposium catalogue - presenting the vision for a future dance performance devoted to sensing and water. Published at the final symposium for the artistic research project "Sense & Dance"....

  6. Alpha List of Prime Contract Awards. Oct 92-Sep 93. FY93. (Martinez Architects Inc. - Nihon Boshoku Kogyo KK)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-03-01

    1- N to film I ci0ao W it 11 u I Go00OD If cv) 4t I1cI WO 1101 WI W01 (q 11 4’ 10010 Go 1 U)H 10 WONý II -4 -4 -4-4-4 -4 -4-4--44--4 -4-4-ý4,-4-4-4...If Lal oo-’ 11 z41 ZcV ZU)OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO aZOV Z ZO 2O ZN Z-2ci 2 I.- I 04II N1 0 -000000000ca000a)00)0) 0 0) 0m 0) 0i 0rma na )c T ) () c n On 1 I

  7. Uuriv arhitektuur : intervjuu arhitekt Sten Gromarkiga = Exploring Architecture : Interview with architect Sten Gromark / Sten Gromark ; interv. Katrin Paadam

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Gromark, Sten

    2007-01-01

    Üks toimetajatest ja autoritest 2006. a. Stockholmis ilmunud arhitektuurikogumikust "Utforskande Arkitektur" ("Uuriv arhitektuur"), mille kandev idee on uuriv suhtumine arhitektuuri sotsiaalsetesse ja kultuurilistesse võimalustesse ja võimalikkusesse

  8. Applying the Art of Systems and Organizational Architecting in Order to Implement Operational Design into Marine Corps Planning Doctrine

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-01

    Making Process OEF Operation Enduring Freedom OIF Operational Iraqi Freedom OPORDS Operational Orders RSE Rapid Systems Engineering TTPs Tactics...and Complexity, A Platform for Designing Business Architecture and elements of Rapid Systems Engineering ( RSE ) as applied by Professor Gary Langford...planning process combines elements of business design (Gharajedaghi, 2006) and RSE (Langford, 2006) to create a more robust design-planning continuum

  9. An Examination of the Selection Criteria Used in the Architect-Engineer Selection Process of Air Force Base Civil Engineers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-09-01

    socially and economically disadvantaged small business firm. N. Number of Prior DOD Awards - DOD projects previously awarded to the A-E within the past...20 5 10 5 20 1 19 AVG 25 22 15 30 28 13 16 24 16 12 15 10 II 8 19 to to 4 It 5 1o Ili PC- USOE 48%’. 21 452 32% 507.2 27’% 45Z 59’ 982 95Z 76% a2’ 19...I 135Z c. Si-, COO to S:5, 000 of : esl =n f. es fo ~zeri orc’Oz last Y 73 d. S250,:00 to 5500,C00 of design fees for rede ;ral ro;ec-.s in l.ast Fy

  10. Non-uniform hybrid strategy for architecting and modeling flight vehicle focused system-of-systems operations

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Tian Yifeng; Liu Hu; Luo Mingqiang; Huang Jun

    2016-01-01

    To balance the contradiction between comprehensiveness of system-of-systems (SoS) description and cost of modeling and simulation, a non-uniform hybrid strategy (NUHYS) is pro-posed. NUHYS groups elements of an SoS operation into system community or relatively indepen-dent system based on contributors complexity and focus relationship according to the focus of SoS problem. Meanwhile, modeling methods are categorized based on details attention rate and dynamic attention rate, seeking for matching contributors. Taking helicopter rescue in earthquake relief as an example, the procedure of applying NUHYS and its effectiveness are verified.

  11. Analysis of Norman · Foster's High-Tech Architect%解读诺曼·福斯特的"高技派"建筑创作

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周衍涛

    2011-01-01

    诺曼·福斯特的建筑采用高新的技术手段,以先进的技术理念,创造人与自然和谐.文章从文化、艺术、生态三个方面与新技术的结合运用,并结合法国卡里艺术中心、香港汇丰银行、法兰克福商业银行、柏林议会大厦等实际工程案例,分析其建筑创作的特点、技术理念以及数字化、生态化发展趋势.

  12. The Pioneer of the French Modern Landscape Architect Jacques Simon%法国现代风景园林设计先驱雅克·西蒙

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱建宁

    2002-01-01

    雅克@西蒙早年就读于加拿大蒙特利尔美术学院,对北美文化情有独钟,后来进入法国凡尔赛国立高等园艺学院学习.1968年创建(Espaces Verts)杂志.曾经在法国国立高等风景园林学院、多伦多、洛杉矶的波莫纳(Pomona)和哈佛等大学任教1990年获法国首届风景园林大奖.主要设计作品为汉斯市圣约翰佩尔斯公园(parc Saint-John-Perse,Reims)从80年代后期起,致力于瞬息景观艺术作品的创作.

  13. View on residence of Mexico architect Luis Barragan%墨西哥建筑师路易斯·巴拉干住宅赏析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    任彦涛; 李雪玲; 周术

    2007-01-01

    通过对巴拉干住宅的起居室、书房、小庭院、厨房、餐厅、屋顶平台等各建筑空间的详细介绍剖析,阐述了路易斯·巴拉干独特的设计思想及其设计理念,为后来设计者的设计提供了一些参考思路.

  14. Sisearhitektid Väino Tamm ja Vello Asi. Näitusekataloog = Interior architects Väino Tamm and Vello Asi. Exhibition catalogue

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Näitusekataloogi "Tamm ja Asi" autor ja koostaja Karen Jagodin ning kujundaja Tiit Jürna pälvisid Eesti Sisearhitektide Liidu 2007. a. publitsistika preemia. Enamik raamatus publitseeritud fotodest pärineb fotograaf Rein Vainküla kogust. K. Jagodinist ja T. Jürnast, nende fotod

  15. Cartwright Pickard Architects,英国%Winners of Living Steel 2nd International Architecture Competition for Sustainable Housing in U.K.

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ Design Concept The concept proposes volumetric steel modules constructed from a fully welded hot and cold rolled steel frame, which will be used for the substructure of the dwellings. The pre-fabricated modules are factory built and fully fitted out prior to delivery to site. The proposed project places apartments in staggered, terrace arrangements. The design promotes flexibility through its modular design, and low costs through energy saving measures, a high degree of insulation and building orientation.

  16. Analysis of Architecture Thought of the Famous Architect Alvaro Siza%建筑师西扎的建筑思想解析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵剑峰; 姜立婷

    2007-01-01

    阿尔瓦罗·西扎(Alvaro Siza)是当代世界最受尊敬的建筑师之一,他设计与任教的足迹遍布葡萄牙及世界各地.西扎所带给我们的作品已经远远超过建筑的本身的意义,更多地表现出一种精神性,这也正是西扎建筑的博深之处.文中着重对西扎建筑作品的精神层面进行分析与探究,并解析了几个代表性的实例.

  17. Surface orientation affects the direction of cone growth by Leptolyngbya sp. strain C1, a likely architect of coniform structures Octopus Spring (Yellowstone National Park).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reyes, Kristina; Gonzalez, Nicolas I; Stewart, Joshua; Ospino, Frank; Nguyen, Dickie; Cho, David T; Ghahremani, Nahal; Spear, John R; Johnson, Hope A

    2013-02-01

    Laminated, microbially produced stromatolites within the rock record provide some of the earliest evidence for life on Earth. The chemical, physical, and biological factors that lead to the initiation of these organosedimentary structures and shape their morphology are unclear. Modern coniform structures with morphological features similar to stromatolites are found on the surface of cyanobacterial/microbial mats. They display a vertical element of growth, can have lamination, can be lithified, and observably grow with time. To begin to understand the microbial processes and interactions required for cone formation, we determined the phylogenetic composition of the microbial community of a coniform structure from a cyanobacterial mat at Octopus Spring, Yellowstone National Park, and reconstituted coniform structures in vitro. The 16S rRNA clone library from the coniform structure was dominated by Leptolyngbya sp. Other cyanobacteria and heterotrophic bacteria were present in much lower abundance. The same Leptolyngbya sp. identified in the clone library was also enriched in the laboratory and could produce cones in vitro. When coniform structures were cultivated in the laboratory, the initial incubation conditions were found to influence coniform morphology. In addition, both the angle of illumination and the orientation of the surface affected the angle of cone formation demonstrating how external factors can influence coniform, and likely, stromatolite morphology.

  18. 家具设计与建筑设计理念的交融%Integration of Furniture-Designing and Architect-designing Ideas

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杭咏新

    2005-01-01

    家具设计与建筑设计这两个不同的设计体系在面对人与空间这一共同的主、客体时,如何能够和谐共生?解读家具设计与建筑设计中相似的表现形式以及设计过程中的思维变化,可以让我们清楚地看出设计间的关系,以帮助我们从困惑的思维中理出一些头绪来.

  19. Eesti Arhitektide Liidu aastapreemia 2015 = The annual prize of 2015 of the Union of Estonian Architects / Rainer Mahlamäki

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mahlamäki, Rainer

    2015-01-01

    Soome arhitekti Rainer Mahlamäki mõtteid Eesti kaasaegsest arhitektuurist, tema ringsõidust Tallinnasse, Kuressaarde, Pärnusse ja Tartusse. Eesti Arhitektide Liidu aastapreemia 2015 äramärkimine: villa Pärnus Lõuna 2a restaureerimine (arhitekt Jaak Huimerind, sisearhitekt Mari Kurismaa). Eesti Arhitektide Liidu aastapreemia 2015 kandidaadid: elu- ja ärihoone Tallinnas Kentmanni 6 (arhitekt Indrek Allmann); büroohoone Tallinnas Sõpruse pst 157 (arhitekt Indrek Suigusaar); Tallinna Tehnikaülikooli Kuressaare kolledži väikelaevaehituse kompetentsikeskuse katsebasseini ja laboratooriumite hoone Kuressaares Tallinna 19 (arhitektid Kalle Komissarov, Aet Ader, Mari Hunt, Kadri Klementi, Lembit-Kaur Stöör); White Beach golfi klubihoone Valgerannas Pärnumaal (arhitektid Jaan Port, Markus Nimik, Katrin Kaevats, Neeme Tiimus)

  20. Designing Shelter in New Buildings. A Manual for Architects on the Preliminary Designing of Shielding from Fallout Gamma Radiation in Normally Functioning Spaces in New Buildings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knott, Albert

    Analysis of radiation fallout prevention factors in new construction is presented with emphasis on architectural shielding principles. Numerous diagrams and charts illustrate--(1) radiation and fallout properties, (2) building protection principles, (3) details and planning suggestions, and (4) tabular data interpretation. A series of charts is…

  1. 新加坡建筑师及建筑实践介绍%AN INTRODUCTION TO SINGAPORE ARCHITECTS AND PRACTICES

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马裕华; 宋晔皓

    2000-01-01

    从艰难的20世纪60年代到繁荣的90年代,在推进国家建筑环境的发展方面,不论是各个商业机构还是个人,新加坡际遇了很多角色.表现优异的组织、大型或小型的建筑师事务所、政府机构和私家公司、建筑师,数量众多,难以囊括于文中.本文简述了新加坡独立前,建筑业实践的一些壳面,并以此为背景,介绍了几个当代的组织和建筑师.作者力图整理出他们设计思维和设计作品的纲要,因为这些思维和作品影响了建筑环境,影晌了社会的经济共同体,赢得了杰出的竞赛奖项或赞赏,并为新加坡及该地区30年来的建筑设计贡献了创新观点和指导要则.

  2. Efficient thinking for architects & building engineers - a guide of the ETAB method with different processes and new approaches based on the automotive industry, marine industry and aerospace engineering

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Van Ellen, L.; Huitema, A.; Verlaan, B.

    2016-01-01

    This "designers' manual" is made during the TIDO-course AR0531 Innovation and Sustainability We have come with a new thinking and design method (the ETAB method) which is based on design methods used by the car industry, marine industry and aerospace engineering. With this method, easy and innovati

  3. Distinguished Youth Architect MA Qing and A1 Studio%青年建筑师马庆和他的A1工作室

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马庆

    2008-01-01

    @@ 机遇与挑战: 从事建设设计工作多年,伴随国内建筑市场迅猛发展.信息化网络技术日趋发达,国内外各种设计思潮及建筑技术的大量推广,对于每一个建筑设计工作者而言既迎来前所未有的机遇,亦面临着非常严峻的挑战.

  4. Lawyers, Accountants and Financial Analysts: The “Architects” of the New EU Regime of Corporate Accountability

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Monciardini

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available International accounting rules are increasingly under pressure as they are considered inadequate to respond to major changes in the way business is conducted, how it creates value and the context in which operates. The paper identifies and juxtaposes two regulatory trends in this re-definition of traditional accounting: ‘accounting for intangible assets’ and ‘corporate social accountability’. They are partially overlapping and both demand to go beyond accounting for physical and financial assets. However, they are underpinned by different rationales and supported by competing professional claims. Deploying a reflexive socio-legal approach, the article outlines a preliminary symbolic ‘archaeology’ of these regulatory trends. Drawing on interviews and documents analysis, it highlights the role of three professional communities in shaping regulatory changes: international accountants, activist-lawyers and financial analysts. Competing for the definition of what counts and what has value, they are generating an intriguing debate about the boundaries between business and society. Las normas internacionales de contabilidad están bajo una presión cada vez mayor, ya que se consideran inadecuadas para responder a los grandes cambios que se están produciendo en la forma en que se dirigen las empresas, cómo se crea valor y el contexto en el que se opera. El artículo identifica y yuxtapone dos tendencias reguladoras en esta redefinición de la contabilidad tradicional: "contabilidad de los activos intangibles" y "responsabilidad social empresarial". Se superponen parcialmente y ambas exigen ir más allá de la contabilidad de los activos físicos y financieros. Sin embargo, están respaldadas por distintas razones y cuentan con el apoyo de profesionales competentes. Implementando un enfoque socio-jurídico reflexivo, el artículo describe una "arqueología" preliminar simbólica de estas tendencias regulatorias. A partir de entrevistas y documentos de análisis, se destaca el papel de tres comunidades profesionales en la formación de los cambios regulatorios: contables internacionales, abogados-activistas y analistas financieros. Al intentar definir lo que cuenta y lo que tiene valor, están generando un debate interesante sobre los límites entre empresa y sociedad. DOWNLOAD THIS PAPER FROM SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2833767

  5. Architecting Big Data: Challenges, Studies and Forecasts%架构大数据:挑战、现状与展望

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王珊; 王会举; 覃雄派; 周烜

    2011-01-01

    大数据分析相比于传统的数据仓库应用,具有数据量大、查询分析复杂等特点.为了设计适合大数据分析的数据仓库架构,文中列举了大数据分析平台需要具备的几个重要特性,对当前的主流实现平台——并行数据库、MapReduce及基于两者的混合架构进行了分析归纳,指出了各自的优势及不足,同时也对各个方向的研究现状及作者在大数据分析方面的努力进行了介绍,对未来研究做了展望.%Compared with traditional data warehouse applications, big data analytics are huge and complex. To design a favorable architecture for big data analytics, this paper lists some key features for big data analytics, summarizes current main implementation platforms(parallel databases, MapReduce, and hybrid architectures based on them), and points their pros and cons. Some current researches are also investigated, our work are introduced and some challenging research problems in the future are discussed.

  6. Reconstrucción virtual del palacio medieval de Pedro I en los Reales Alcázares de Sevilla: the architect´s cut

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Concepción Rodríguez Moreno

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Es obvio que sin un adecuado análisis arqueológico e histórico no podríamos hacer una lectura rigurosa y científica del Patrimonio Arquitectónico pero no siempre resulta tan claro que, en esa lectura, también deberían valorarse los factores que diferencian al hecho arquitectónico del resto de producciones artísticas: la funcionalidad o la lógica compositiva del espacio, la importancia de la luz, el color y la belleza, los significados y las emociones que aquella arquitectura debió transmitir en su época, etc. Creemos que el estudio de la arquitectura histórica que se ha hecho, y en parte se sigue haciendo, no satisface completamente los requerimientos para comprender los fenómenos arquitectónicos de una determinada época. Muchas veces falta en él la visión sensitiva y vital de los arquitectos, con toda la subjetividad que esa visión implica.

  7. David Chipperfield: An Architect of Humane Buildings%无可挑剔的现代主义建筑大师——David Chipperfield

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钟广丽

    2006-01-01

    英国卫报的建筑评论家Deyan Sudjic这样评价建筑师David Chipperfield:他是无可挑剔的现代主义建筑大师,他的建筑简洁、流畅、严谨,让人很难想到他最初是在Richard Rogers和Norman Foster的建筑事务所里工作过的。David Chipperfield不追求张扬的设计,也不追求奇特古怪的建筑造型,所以他无法像库哈斯或是扎哈·哈迪德一样成为明星建筑师,但他的建筑形式却常常令人震撼,印象深刻。这使得他在英国,除了BBC苏格兰总部、英国BFI电影中心等,很少拿到什么大项目,他一度为此很担心,但是他在别处却有为数不少的项目,

  8. 48 CFR 536.602-1 - Selection criteria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... geographic boundaries. (c) Architect-engineer selections under the Design Excellence Program must apply the... CATEGORIES OF CONTRACTING CONSTRUCTION AND ARCHITECT-ENGINEER CONTRACTS Architect-Engineer Services 536.602-1... architect-engineer firm(s) must demonstrate that at least 35 percent of the architect-engineer...

  9. Berliini ehitusühingud: kogukonnad siselinnas = Berliner Baugruppe: Building Neighborhoods in the Inner-city / Kristien Ring

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ring, Kristien

    2010-01-01

    Arhitektide algatusel moodustatud Berliini ehitusühingute üheskoos ehitatud kortermajadest Berliini siselinnas. Mitmele põlvkonnale loodud majast (Gruentuch Ernst Architects), aiaga villast (Zoomarchitekten), 7-korruselisest puitelamust (Kaden Klingbeil Architects), kaksikmajast (Zanderroth Architects)

  10. 78 FR 17415 - Medical Devices; Availability of Safety and Effectiveness Summaries for Premarket Approval...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-21

    ... Assist System. P120008, FDA-2012-M-1176 Abbott Laboratories.. ARCHITECT AFP Assay, November 28, 2012. ARCHITECT AFP Calibrators and ARCHITECT AFP Controls. II. Electronic Access Persons with access to...

  11. A collaboration process for enterprise architecture creation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nakakawa, Agnes

    2012-01-01

    Designing an enterprise architecture involves architect-specific tasks (those that are executed by enterprise architects) and collaboration dependent tasks (those whose proper execution requires enterprise architects to collaborate with organizational stakeholders). Enterprise architecture framework

  12. Keeping the Edge. Air Force Materiel Command Cold War Context (1945-1991). Volume 3: Index

    Science.gov (United States)

    2003-08-01

    485 The Architects Collaborative (Harvard University) see Gropius , Walter , under Architects and Engineers, across the Department of Defense The...Sons (Newark, New Jersey) Volume II: 250 Graham, Anderson, Probst & White (Chicago) Volume II: 392, 455, 460, 461,475 Gropius , Walter ...models for Air Force research and development centers Gropius , Walter (The Architects Collaborative) see Architects and Engineers, across the

  13. 梦幻建筑师——路易斯·巴拉干与弗雷德里克·基斯勒%Dreamful Architects: Luis Barragan & Frederick Kiesler

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王晖

    2009-01-01

    本文通过对路易斯·巴拉干和弗雷德里克·基斯勒的代表作:巴拉干自宅和无尽宅的分析,探讨了两人之间隐秘的关系.作者认为对洞穴、迷宫,连续性,梦境和超现实的执着追寻使两位建筑师超越了线性一非线性的分野而紧密联系在一起.

  14. 潮流之外——墨西哥建筑师路易斯·巴拉干%BEYOND THE FASHION——ON THE MEXICAN ARCHITECT, LUIS BARRAGAN

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王丽方

    2000-01-01

    路易斯·巴拉干是一个沉默寡言的人,终其一生,只设计了一些不起眼的小住宅、小园林.与风起云涌的建筑潮流中心几乎没有往来,他独自探索着自己的路,巴拉干在建筑中表现美和情感,给作品注入了诗意.巴拉干成为20世纪最重要的建筑师之一.今天,从世界各地赶来的建筑师、艺术家,还有更多的无名学子,来体验巴拉干创造的美,在他的空间中捕捉灵感,寻求艺术的启迪.

  15. On the Design Idea and Conception of the Architect Luis Barragan%浅析墨西哥景观设计师巴拉干的设计理念与设计意境

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    秦柯; 吴岩

    2008-01-01

    介绍了墨西哥景观设计师巴拉干的成长历程,他的设计理念,并阐释了他的设计语言和设计意境.作者从色彩、先与影、水、空间与尺度4个方面分析了巴拉干的设计作品中设计语言,笔者认为巴拉干的作品其设计意境是诗意、静谧且孤独的.

  16. ESL aastapreemia 2007 žürii koosoleku protokoll : 7. aprill 2008 = Estonian Society of Interior Architects annual award 2007 : official minutes of the meeting of the jury : 7 April 2008

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    2007. a. ühiskondliku interjööri preemia: Tea Tammelaan, Malle Jürgenson, Krista Lepland (Lotte lasteaed), ajaloolise interjööri preemia: Külli Salum, Riina Harik (hotell Telegraaf), büroointerjööri preemia: Urmo Vaikla, Tüüne-Kristin Vaikla (Sakubü büroo), publitsistika preemia: Karen Jagodin, Tiit Jürna (näitusekataloog "Tamm ja Asi", eripreemia: Margus Mänd (klubi Underground). Žürii koosseis

  17. 构筑数字地球促进中国和全球的可持续发展%Architect digital earth to promote the sustainable development at home and abroad

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐冠华

    1999-01-01

    @@ 在迎接21世纪的历史时刻,我们来自世界五大洲的科学家、工程师和管理专家亲切聚会,展示"数字地球"相关领域已经取得的丰硕成果,探讨21世纪人类社会面临的机遇与挑战,交流对"数字地球"理论、技术、应用等各方面的认识,展望"数字地球"的前景,倍感欣慰.

  18. Thermal comfort in low energy buildings. Pt. 2. summery conditions. Planning guides for architects and specialist planners; Thermische Behaglichkeit im Niedrigenergiehaus. T. 2. Sommerliche Verhaeltnisse. Planungsleitfaden fuer Architekten und Fachplaner

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Richter, Wolfgang; Felsmann, Clemens; Gritzki, Ralf; Perschk, Alf; Roesler, Markus; Abdel Fattah, Annina [Technische Univ. Dresden (Germany). Inst. fuer Energietechnik; Hartmann, Thomas [ITG Institut fuer Technische Gebaeudeausruestung Dresden - Forschung und Anwendung GmbH, Dresden (Germany)

    2011-11-15

    Within the contribution under consideration, the German Energy Agency GmbH (Berlin, Federal Republic of Germany) reports on the thermal comfort in low energy buildings under special consideration of summary conditions. After the presentation of an overview of variants, the chapter 'Fundamentals' consists of contributions to thermal comfort, methodical remarks, boundary conditions, uncooled rooms, precooling and full cooling. Other chapters of this contribution are concerned to heat protection and masses in building materials; shading and proportion of windows area; systems engineering.

  19. CARVAJAL Y LA VOLUNTAD DE SER ARQUITECTO: LA CONSTRUCCIÓN DEL PROYECTO Y LA BELLEZA EFICAZ / Carvajal and the will to be architect: the construction of the project and effective beauty

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Labarta Aizpún

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN Javier Carvajal Ferrer (Barcelona 1926–Madrid 2013 aúna magisterio y praxis de tal modo que es imposible acercarse a su obra sin tener en cuenta su docencia y, al revés, no puede entenderse su discurso en las aulas si, a la vez, no se transita por sus proyectos. Más aún, para Carvajal el proyecto arquitectónico es el ámbito específico de la investigación del profesor y el mecanismo de eficacia por el que el profesional debe dar una respuesta coherente a la teoría y a la praxis. Este texto pretende evocar algunas de las virtudes de su obra arquitectónica y de las enseñanzas de su labor docente, ejemplificadas en dos de sus proyectos más emblemáticos. Uno, su proyecto más alabado, el Pabellón de España para la Feria Mundial de Nueva York (1964–65 del que se cumplen cincuenta años. El otro, el más polémico, la Torre de Valencia en Madrid (1970–1973. Y hacerlo investigando sobre el rigor y la belleza de unos planos que él mismo dibujaba. Ambas obras ilustran, además, aspectos relevantes de su propia personalidad que inevitablemente se imbrican en su febril actividad como arquitecto y docente, y muestran cómo su firme confianza en la calidad del proyecto sigue siendo la mejor contribución a la evolución de la arquitectura. Autenticidad, vocación, voluntad, exigencia, precisión, rigor, perfección, coherencia o ilusión, se resumen en uno de sus célebres mensajes a los alumnos: “Sueñen con lo posible”

  20. 墨西哥风景园林大师马里奥·谢赫楠及其代表作%Mexican Landscape Architect Mario Schjetnan and His Representative Works

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    付晓渝; 谢祥财

    2004-01-01

    墨西哥著名风景园林师马里奥·谢赫楠以其对场所的关怀著称于世.通过追寻谢赫楠成长历程,研究其设计理念的获取、发展和成熟的过程.通过介绍他的两个典型作品--泰佐佐莫克公园和墨西哥公园,探讨其设计中具有关键意义的元素及由此引发的启示.

  1. History as the Architect of the Present: What Made Kashmir the Nucleus of South Asia Terrorism? India-Pakistan Conflict and Its Impact on U.S. Homeland Security

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-01

    the rebellion was portrayed as savage attacks on British women and children , who were allegedly being raped and murdered by fanatic soldiers...modernity. Verso, p. 344. Ali, T. (2008). The duel : Pakistan on the flight path of American power. Scribner, p. 304. Arnoldy, B. (2011). How the

  2. The Marketability of Integrated Energy/Utility Systems: A Guide to the Dollar Savings Potential in Integrated Energy/Utility Systems; for Campuses, Medical Complexes, and Communities; Architect/Engineers, Industrial and Power Plant Owners; Suppliers; and Constructors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coxe, Edwin F.; Hill, David E.

    This publication acquaints the prospective marketplace with the potential and underlying logic of the Integrated Utility System (IUS) concept. This system holds promise for educational and medical institutions seeking to reduce their energy costs. The generic IUS concept is described and how it can be incorporated into existing heating and…

  3. Emmanuel Dias: o principal artífice do combate à doença de Chagas nas Américas Emmanuel Dias: the principal architect of the fight against Chagas disease in the Americas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    João Carlos Pinto Dias

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available Comemora-se em 2008 o centenário de nascimento do Dr. Emmanuel Dias, cuja vida foi intensamente dedicada ao estudo, reconhecimento e controle da doença de Chagas. Esta súmula se incorpora às diversas homenagens feitas no Brasil e no Exterior, resgatando alguns elementos históricos na trajetória do cientista e o enorme impacto social resultante direta e indiretamente de seu trabalho. Afilhado e assistente de Carlos Chagas, Emmanuel foi considerado por Chagas Filho como o mais profícuo dos seguidores de seu pai. Em trinta anos de atividades, Dias iniciou-se como brilhante protozoologista depois passando ao enfrentamento da doença humana. Trabalhou intensivamente em diagnóstico, epidemiologia, clinica e controle. Idealizou estratégias de prospecção, mapeou a doença nas Américas, participou diretamente da sistematização da cardiopatia crônica e descreveu o primeiro inseticida eficaz contra os triatomíneos, também formatando a estratégia de seu controle. Mais ainda, estendeu suas atividades para toda a área endêmica, divulgando a doença e seu controle, de um lado, e impulsionando autoridades sanitárias e centros de decisão com vistas a implantação de ações, de outro. De seu trabalho resultaram programas nacionais e regionais que reduziram significativamente a transmissão da doença humana em todo o Continente. Foi recentemente considerado como o cientista que teve o maior impacto no enfrentamento desta tripanossomíase, em todos os tempos.In 2008, the centenary of the birth of Emmanuel Dias, whose life was intensely dedicated to the study, recognition and control of Chagas disease, is being celebrated. This summary of his life joins with the various homages paid in Brazil and abroad, to recall some of the key historical points in this scientist's career and the enormous social impact that resulted directly and indirectly from his work. Dias, who was Carlos Chagas' protégée and assistant, was considered by Chagas Filho to be the most proficient of his father's followers. Over the course of thirty years of activities, Dias began as a brilliant protozoologist and later on turned his attention towards facing the human disease. He worked intensively on diagnostics, epidemiology, clinical studies and control. He devised prospection strategies, mapped out the disease in the Americas, participated directly in systematizing chronic cardiopathy and described the first effective insecticide against triatomines, along with laying out the strategy for their control. Furthermore, he extended his activities throughout the field of this endemic disease: on the one hand, raising awareness about the disease and its control and, on the other hand, propelling health authorities and decision-making centers into action, to implement control measures. His work resulted in national and regional programs that have significantly reduced the transmission of the human disease throughout the continent. Dias was recently said to be the scientist who had had the all-time greatest impact on this trypanosomiasis.

  4. 寻找设计的“解决之道”——对建筑师胡越的访谈%Approaching to the Design: Interview with Architect Huyue

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李晓鸿; 田华

    2012-01-01

    This paper compares the compilation and publication of modern architecture in both Japan and China, in order to examine differences and similarities of modern architectural research in the two countries regarding theoretical and methodological exploration.

  5. The Research and Praxis of the New Strickbau form Swiss Architect Gion A. Camina%瑞士建筑师Gion A.Caminada关于新型井干式木建筑的探索和实践

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王小红

    2012-01-01

    在瑞士建筑师Gion A.Caminada新型井干式木建筑和卒姆托的建筑齐名,不仅仅是他发展了传统井干式建筑,同时也是因为他对建筑本质的理解没有脱离本土文化及生活。他设计的建筑采用当地材料—木材,创造的场所和空间符合现代人的生活方式和需求,在建造上方式沿袭井干式建筑特点,墙体端部咬合强调井干式建筑的编织特点,为当代轻木建筑的发展建立新的阐释和视野。%In Switzerland, Gion A.Caminada is equally celebrated as Peter Zumtor for his new well structural wooden buildings(Strickbau), for his achievement is not only in development of traditional well-frame constrtlction, but in his understanding of the construction as well, which is close with the local culture and life. His architectures are used local materia-wooden. He creates site and space, where the buildings answer liar the modern life and demand. The buildings are built with well wooden structure, express the intertexture al the end of wall. His architecture based new explain and view for contemporary limber architeclure.

  6. Report 2000 of EDF nuclear park '' Humans, architects of the progress; Bilan 2000 du parc nucleaire d'EDF ''les hommes, artisans du progres''

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stricker, L.

    2001-03-01

    This report presents the results of the EDF nuclear park, during 2000, in matter of safety, environment and competitiveness. In 2000, the EDF nuclear installations safety still improved. Hopeful the nuclear energy part in its power production, EDF avoids the carbon dioxide diffusion in the atmosphere. EDF also commits itself to reduce the liquid effluents, the gaseous emissions and the solid wastes. At the same time EDF remained competitive with a decrease of the kWh price of 7%. (A.L.B.)

  7. Analysis on Wright' s Influence on Contemporary Japanese Architect Kengo Kuma%浅析赖特对当代日本建筑师隈研吾的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张赟

    2012-01-01

    Wright's building was under the influence of Asian philosophy and Japanese culture. Kengo kuma who is Japanese, is naturally very familiar with the architectural ideas of Wright and agrees with it. Organic architecture concept preached by Wright has a deep impact on Kengo Kuma; his Weave type construction also was manifested clearly by Kuma' s works. This paper gives a brief analysis on Wright's architectural ideas and features which are inherited by Kuma' s architectural works, and identifies the effect of Wright on Kengo kuma.%赖特的建筑深受亚洲哲学与日本文化的熏陶,身为日本建筑师的隈研吾对赖特的建筑思想自然十分熟悉和赞同。赖特宣扬有机建筑观念对隈研吾有着很深的触动;他的织理性建构方法也在隈研吾的作品中有清晰的体现。本文针对隈研吾建筑作品中继承赖特的建筑思想和特点进行了简要分析,说明赖特对隈研吾产生的影响。

  8. Architecture Design Construction Factors of Denmark Architect Bjarke Ingles%丹麦建筑师比亚克·因格尔斯的建筑设计因子建构

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张智慧; 张秀莲

    2012-01-01

    Design factors are distinct from other design elements. The design elements are basic units in the design, and design factor is the motivation of the evolution of the design. Design factors are not reflected in the building itself, but it was the motivation to promote building logical construction. In a healthy design, design factor is central to its rational design logical strategy.%设计因子有别于设计元素,设计元素是设计中的基本单元,设计因子是设计中促使设计演变的动因.设计因子不体现在建筑造型本身,它是促进建筑逻辑建构的动因.一个健康的设计,设计因子是其理性设计逻辑策略的核心.

  9. Theory and Practice about the City Planning and Design of British Architect Richard Rogers%英国建筑师理查德·罗杰斯的城市规划设计理论与实践

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苏阳

    2010-01-01

    英国建筑师理查德·罗杰斯作为现代建筑风格中"高技派"的创始人之一,其大胆并且引人注目的设计受到了广泛的好评,现在,罗杰斯主要的精力已经从单纯的建筑设计转移到城市整体规划中来,并且成为了一个城市规划,可持续发展和绿色建筑技术的倡导者,本文结合理查德·罗杰斯的有代表性的现代城市规划设计作品,分析探讨了他对"可持续城市"的理论研究以及利用自然资源改善城市生活质量的实践工作,对理查德·罗杰斯是怎样通过更好的设计,创造更紧凑的城市,反映社会和环境的和谐关系,创造一个更合意的城市生活形式的实践成果作出总结和归纳.

  10. 48 CFR 736.603 - Collecting data on and appraising firms' qualifications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT SPECIAL CATEGORIES OF CONTRACTING CONSTRUCTION AND ARCHITECT-ENGINEER CONTRACTS... Disadvantaged Business Utilization. Architect-engineers wishing to perform contracts for USAID should file the... Business Daily, as provided in FAR part 5....

  11. London´s erotic masterpiece

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kerchlango, Jørg

    2004-01-01

    Londoners call it the erotic ghurkin. Architects proclaim Norman Foster´s new building a revolutionary masterwork......Londoners call it the erotic ghurkin. Architects proclaim Norman Foster´s new building a revolutionary masterwork...

  12. Välismaa arhitektuuriuudised / Mihkel Karu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Karu, Mihkel, 1983-

    2008-01-01

    Kunstimuuseum New Yorgis. Mälestusmärk Madridi 2004. aasta pommiplahvatuses hukkunutele (FAM Arquitectos). Teaduskeskus Taanis Nordborgis (arhitekt Jürgen Mayer). Eramu Jaapanis (Datar Architects). Noortekeskus Melbourne'is (Phooey Architects). Koolimaja Šveitsis (IPAS)

  13. 48 CFR 436.602-1 - Selection criteria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... CATEGORIES OF CONTRACTING CONSTRUCTION AND ARCHITECT-ENGINEER CONTRACTS Architect-Engineer Service 436.602-1 Selection criteria. The HCA is authorized to approve the use of design competition under the conditions...

  14. 7 CFR 1724.21 - Architectural services contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... the architect furnishes or obtains all architectural services related to the design and construction..., DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE ELECTRIC ENGINEERING, ARCHITECTURAL SERVICES AND DESIGN POLICIES AND PROCEDURES... modifications or additions shall not relieve the architect or the borrower of the basic...

  15. 48 CFR 2936.602-1 - Selection criteria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... CONTRACTING REQUIREMENTS CONSTRUCTION AND ARCHITECT-ENGINEER CONTRACTS Architect-Engineer Services 2936.602-1 Selection criteria. HCAs are authorized to approve the use of design competition under the conditions in...

  16. Healthcare-Wide Hazards: Surgical Suite

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... should meet the most current American Institute of Architect's Guidelines for Design and Construction of Health Care Facilities. To minimize ... Hospitals . Publication No. 2007-151, (2007). ... of Architects, Academy of Architecture for Health, (2006). Recommended practices ...

  17. Test-access planning and test scheduling for embedded core-based system chips

    OpenAIRE

    Goel, Sandeep Kumar

    2005-01-01

    This thesis describes parts of the research work that has been carries out at Philips Research Laboratories, Eindhoven, related to the development of TR-ARCHITECT. TR-ARCHITECT uses a five step heuristic algorithm to design a test architecture. TR-ARCHITECT designs and optimized test architectures with respect to the required ATE vector memory dept and test-application time. TR-ARCHITECT optimizes wrapper and TAM design in conjunction.

  18. Architecture Knowledge for Evaluating Scalable Databases

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-01-16

    anurgali@andrew.cmu.edu Abstract— Designing massively scalable, highly available big data systems is an immense challenge for software architects . Big...features by software architects . QuABaseBD links the taxonomy to general quality attribute scenarios and design tactics for big data systems. This...evolving design space for an architect to navigate. Architects must carefully compare candidate database technologies and features and select platforms

  19. NRHP Eligibility of the Fort Huachuca, Arizona, Elevated Water Tank (Facility 49001) and Reservoir (Facility 22020)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-08-01

    Changing Missions, 1877-1977 (Davis, CA: Jackson Research Projects, 1990), p. i 9 Headman, Ferguson & Carollo Architects and Engineers, Completion...Report: Cantonment Construction Fort Huachuca (Phoenix, AZ: Headman, Ferguson & Carollo Architects and Engineers, May 10, 1941), 20. ERDC/CERL TR...Headman, Ferguson & Carollo Architects and Engineers. Completion Report, Cantonment Construction, Fort Huachuca, Arizona. Phoenix, AZ: Headman

  20. 48 CFR 36.609-1 - Design within funding limitations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... SPECIAL CATEGORIES OF CONTRACTING CONSTRUCTION AND ARCHITECT-ENGINEER CONTRACTS Architect-Engineer Services 36.609-1 Design within funding limitations. (a) The Government may require the architect-engineer... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Design within...

  1. 78 FR 4060 - Manufactured Home Construction and Safety Standards, Test Procedures for Roof Trusses

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-18

    ... Registered Engineer or Registered Architect or independent third-party agency that is certifying the design... the truss designs evaluated by this procedure must be certified by a Registered Engineer or Architect... certifying the truss design. When testing is deemed necessary by the Registered Engineer or Architect...

  2. Test-access planning and test scheduling for embedded core-based system chips

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Goel, Sandeep Kumar

    2005-01-01

    This thesis describes parts of the research work that has been carries out at Philips Research Laboratories, Eindhoven, related to the development of TR-ARCHITECT. TR-ARCHITECT uses a five step heuristic algorithm to design a test architecture. TR-ARCHITECT designs and optimized test architectures w

  3. Rethinking the Systems Engineering Process in Light of Design Thinking

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-04-30

    incorporated into the systems engineering process. Architecting vs. Engineering The design problem changes in character from an ill-structured...limit, perhaps unnecessarily in some cases, the design space. Prototyping Prototyping during the early architecting phase is as important as during...Prototyping in the design thinking community is much more inclusive. Prototyping during the architecting phase is important for reasons of discovery

  4. 48 CFR 436.604 - Performance evaluation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... CATEGORIES OF CONTRACTING CONSTRUCTION AND ARCHITECT-ENGINEER CONTRACTS Architect-Engineer Service 436.604... require a performance evaluation report on the work done by the architect-engineer after the completion of or during the construction of the designed project....

  5. 48 CFR 836.202 - Specifications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... specifications. (b) During the design stage, contract architect-engineers must not use “brand name or equal” or... OF CONTRACTING CONSTRUCTION AND ARCHITECT-ENGINEER CONTRACTS Special Aspects of Contracting for... contracting officer must inform prospective architect-engineers of this requirement during the...

  6. Unlock performance secrets of next-gen Intel hardware

    CERN Document Server

    CERN. Geneva

    2015-01-01

    Intel® Xeon Phi Product. About the speaker Zakhar is a software architect in Intel SSG group. His current role is Parallel Studio architect with focus on SIMD vector parallelism assistance tools. Before it he was working as Intel Advisor XE software architect and software development team-lead. Before joining Intel he was...

  7. 48 CFR 36.601-3 - Applicable contracting procedures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... SPECIAL CATEGORIES OF CONTRACTING CONSTRUCTION AND ARCHITECT-ENGINEER CONTRACTS Architect-Engineer Services 36.601-3 Applicable contracting procedures. (a)(1) For facility design contracts, the statement of work shall require that the architect-engineer specify, in the construction design specifications,...

  8. 48 CFR 36.609-4 - Requirements for registration of designers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... REGULATION SPECIAL CATEGORIES OF CONTRACTING CONSTRUCTION AND ARCHITECT-ENGINEER CONTRACTS Architect-Engineer... for Registration of Designers, in architect-engineer contracts, except that it may be omitted when the design will be performed— (a) Outside the United States and its outlying areas; or (b) In a State...

  9. The Affordance of Online Multiuser Virtual Environments (MUVE) for Creative Collaboration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hong, Seung Wan

    2013-01-01

    Creativity is an important criterion for evaluating conceptual and design abilities of architects and their praxis. However, in recent years, the world has grown more complex. New problems have emerged that are often outside the architect's capacity. Given this challenge, architects collaborate with colleagues from architecture and other related…

  10. De Amsterdamse bouwmeester en landmeter Jan Jacobszoon Bolten (1738-na 1811)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    von der Dunk, T.H.

    2013-01-01

    The Amsterdam architect and surveyor Jan Jacobszoon Bolten (1738-after 1811) is one of many private architects whose name pops up now and then in the literature. This essay, for the first time, sketches his quite varied career. Since mid-1768 he held the post of architect and surveyor in the distric

  11. Greater Energy Efficiency can be Achieved through Land Use Management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-12-21

    LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTS FOUNDATION, LANDSCAPE PLANNING FOR ENERGY CONSERVATION, ENVIRONMENTAL DESIGN PRESS. 1977 I/American Society of Landscape Architects...Foundation, Landscape Planning for Energy Conservation, Environmental Design Press, 1977, p. 54. 10 Trnees~: and vegetation can also be orientated to help...BUILDINGS 1. American Society of Landscape Architects Foundation, Landscape Planning for Energy Conservation, Environmental Design Press, 1977. Examines the

  12. 41 CFR 102-75.235 - May disposal agencies transfer excess property to the Senate, the House of Representatives, and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... transfer excess property to the Senate, the House of Representatives, and the Architect of the Capitol? 102... the Senate, the House of Representatives, and the Architect of the Capitol? Yes, disposal agencies may transfer excess property to the Senate, the House of Representatives, and the Architect of the Capitol...

  13. Character-Defining Features of Contributing Buildings and Structures in the Fort Gordon, Georgia, Signal School Campus Historic District

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-07-01

    11 Figure 8. Elevations for the enlisted women’s barracks designed by Southeastern Architects and opened in 1968 (Fort Gordon DPW...researchers conducted a review of books, archival reposito- ries, and online resources related to Fort Gordon, the Signal School, the architect , and...of Atlanta, Georgia (Richard Aeck was principal architect ) for the master plan of the new campus and its associated buildings (Figure 5), and also

  14. Agile Development & Software Architecture - Crossing the Great Divide

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-06-07

    Project on “Communicating the Value of Architecting within Agile Development” as well as other activities focusing on architecture within an Agile...Both Agilists and Architects agree that that the structure of a system (i.e., the system’s decomposition into components and component inter...Mellon University Discuss Agile Development and Software Architecture further at SATURN 2010 Keynotes and invited talks Jim Highsmith Architects

  15. Exploring Enterprise, System of Systems, and System and Software Architectures

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-06-13

    might. • For example, software architects often lament the lateness with which they are brought into system engineering projects. • All of these...Enterprise architects compose holistic solutions that address the business challenges of the enterprise and support the governance needed to...network. • Today, Army systems are connected to inter-agency networks, and change management is even more critical. • Army enterprise architects must

  16. Modeling Relevant to Safe Operations of U.S. Navy Vessels in Arctic Conditions: Physical Modeling of Ice Loads

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-06-01

    Science and Technology SNAME Society of Naval Architects and Marine Engineers SSC Ship Structure Committee USCG U.S. Coast Guard WMO World...ice-capable vessels, naval architects have traditionally used physical modeling to measure the vessels’ re- sistance, propulsion, and maneuvering...Ice (ICETECH10), 20–23 September, Anchorage, AK, 1–8. Alberta, Canada: Society of Naval Architects and Marine Engineers (SNAME). Daley, C. G., J

  17. Brüssel Euroopa pealinnaks? / Ülar Mark

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mark, Ülar, 1968-

    2009-01-01

    Brüsseli Euroopa kvartali planeerimisvõistlusest, mille peakorraldaja oli Brüsseli pealinna piirkond koos Brüsseli linna ja Euroopa Komisjoniga. Eestist osales žüriis arhitekt Ülar Mark. Meeskonna Atelier Christian de Portzamparc võidutööst ja teiste teise vooru pääsenud nelja meeskonna (JDS / Julien De Smedt Architects, OMA / Office for Metropolitan Architecture, Xaveer De Geyter Architect, Fletcher Priest Architects) töödest

  18. Gottlieb Bindesbøll and Romantic Historicism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kristensen, Peter Thule

    2013-01-01

    The article demonstrates how the Danish architect Gottlieb Bindesbøll (1800-1856) employed a form of repetition of motifs many places in his architecture, regardless of style. A closer look shows that this is not only a distinctive feature of a single architect's work, but also a new way of achie...... of achieving consistency. This design principle emerged in the romantic view of architecture as an organic entity and later became influential among twentieth-century Danish architects....

  19. Applications in Cross-Curriculum Teaching The Synthesis of the Design Studio and Building Technology Seminar

    OpenAIRE

    John Enright

    2012-01-01

    “Change or perish. You need to prepare yourself for a profession that you are notgoing to recognize a decade from now.”Thom Mayne, Remarks on building information modeling at the 2005 AIAConvention, Las Vegas, NVToday architects are faced with new challenges involving Integrated Project Delivery and associated digital technologies that are rapidly changing the way architects work. Collaboration is the key to this newway of working as architects discover that the management of buildinginformat...

  20. Essential software architecture

    CERN Document Server

    Gorton, Ian

    2011-01-01

    Job titles like ""Technical Architect"" and ""Chief Architect"" nowadays abound in software industry, yet many people suspect that ""architecture"" is one of the most overused and least understood terms in professional software development. Gorton's book tries to resolve this dilemma. It concisely describes the essential elements of knowledge and key skills required to be a software architect. The explanations encompass the essentials of architecture thinking, practices, and supporting technologies. They range from a general understanding of structure and quality attributes through technical i