WorldWideScience

Sample records for apres le vote

  1. Le CFEY et après…

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    François Burgat

    2000-09-01

    Full Text Available La livraison des Chroniques Yéménites 2000 s'inscrit dans le droit fil de l'initiative heureuse prise en 1993 par Frank Mermier, tout en prolongeant un effort entrepris dans la livraison précédente : allégées des comptes rendus de recherche cantonnés désormais au rapport scientifique du Centre et à son site Internet, les Chroniques entendent plus que jamais présenter un vaste panorama de la recherche sur le Yémen ou de la production intellectuelle de ce pays. La revue est désormais dotée d'un...

  2. Le vote écologiste en 1978

    OpenAIRE

    Boy, Daniel

    1981-01-01

    L' écologisme appartient à l'ensemble de ces " nouveaux mouve­ments sociaux " qui, en raison de leur caractère minoritaire, de leur dispersion et de leur hétérodoxie politique résistent aux pro­cédures d'analyses traditionnelles de la science politique. " Ni de gau­che ni de droite ", puisque les enjeux qu'il définit appartiennent à une autre dimension politique, l'écologisme, comme le féminisme ou le régionalisme, refuse de se ranger en un point défini de l'espace politique généré par les fo...

  3. One share-One vote, le nouveau Saint Graal

    OpenAIRE

    Beaufort, Viviane De

    2006-01-01

    More than one third of companies listed in the FTSE EUROFIRST 300 index are governed accordingly to principles differing from the One share – One vote standards. These exceptions could be illustrated by several practices such as Scandinavian multiple voting shares, non voting shares as seen in some State members as authorised by European Directives, French double voting shares, “golden shares” concerning recently privatized firms, or even preference shares as observed in Holland. Such variety...

  4. Vote for your favorite tourist attraction on "Le Dauphiné Libéré"

    CERN Multimedia

    2015-01-01

    Dear colleagues, During the summer, the French regional daily newspaper Le Dauphiné Libéré has been inviting its readers to vote for their favourite tourist attraction (natural or otherwise) in the Bellegarde area and the Pays de Gex, and CERN is one of the nominees. This is a great opportunity for us to communicate directly with people living in the region, particularly those who have not yet had the chance to visit CERN, and who, thanks to this survey, might be curious to learn more about the Laboratory and pay us a visit. Remember, visits to CERN are free of charge all year round! We invite you to vote for CERN by clicking on this link: http://www.ledauphine.com/ain/2015/07/10/votez-pur-votre-site-prefere-dans-le-bassin-bellegardien-et-le-pays-de-gex. We’re counting on your votes! CERN Local Communication team

  5. Le facteur soudanais, avant et après

    OpenAIRE

    Marchal, Roland

    2002-01-01

    Le 11 septembre 2001 reposait la question de la nature du régime soudanais et des étranges amitiés qu’il a cultivées depuis son arrivée au pouvoir, le 30 juin 1989. En effet, les États occidentaux savaient que le chef d’Al- Qaida, Oussama Ben Laden, avait longtemps résidé au Soudan – de 1991 à 1996 – parmi bien d’autres militants fondamentalistes, et que les liens avec les courants les plus durs de l’islamisme s’étaient poursuivis. De nombreux observateurs auguraient alors une forte réacti...

  6. Le vote électronique en Belgique: un choix légitime?

    OpenAIRE

    Delwit, Pascal; Kulahci, Erol; Pilet, Jean-Benoît; Faniel, Jean; Van Haute, Emilie; Hellings, Benoit

    2004-01-01

    Depuis vingt-cinq ans, les démocraties occidentales sont affectées par une abstention croissante aux différentes élections. Aux élections européennes de 1999, moins d’un électeur sur deux a pris part au scrutin. Pour tenter de remédier à cette situation, diverses solutions ont été avancées. Parmi celles-ci, une des pistes les plus explorées est de rendre le vote plus facile par le recours aux nouvelles technologies de l’information et de la communication (vote par Internet, vote par téléphone...

  7. Signoles Aude, Le Hamas au pouvoir et après ?, Toulouse, Editions Milan, 2006.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-François Legrain

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available Dans les étroites limites imposées par la collection (absence totale de notes et de bibliographie, 112 p. en format réduit, le petit livre d’Aude Signoles, Le Hamas au pouvoir et après ?, commence à combler un vide de l’édition française. Le seul livre jusque là disponible en français et entièrement consacré à Hamas remonte à 7 années maintenant ; doté de nombreuses erreurs factuelles et faisant comme si Hamas était apparu avec l’autonomie des années 1990, il ignorait tout de son passé d’Ass...

  8. Vote!

    CERN Multimedia

    Association du personnel

    2006-01-01

    This bulletin comes out at the same time as the public meetings end. The attendance at these meeting encourages us to believe that you feel more and more concerned by your employment conditions and by the Management's decisions in this area. We now must consolidate this interest with a vote. It is essential that you take a few minutes of your time to express your opinion in an electronic poll. Now is the time to seize the opportunity you have been given to influence your employment conditions for the coming five years. We will ask you to give your opinion on two packages, the first concerning the future salary level, the second concerning other employment conditions. In both cases, your participation and replies will determine what the Staff Association should do next and will be carefully watched by our negotiation partners*. We will also ask you to tell us to what extent you would be willing to take action in the event that you disagree with the proposals made by the Management. The Staff Association needs ...

  9. Le Chaebol après la crise financière de 1997

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chung-Yeol Park

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available L’objet de cet article est de présenter les mutations subies par les Chaebols à la suite de la crise financière de 1997. La première section est consacrée à un bref rappel de la formation et du développement des Chaebols, ainsi qu’à une caractérisation des attributs de leur forme organisationnelle. Il s’agit ainsi d’indiquer la « forme  canonique » que revêtait le Chaebol avant la crise, afin de fixer des repères pour mesurer et évaluer l’ampleur et la nature des mutations intervenues après la crise de 1997. La deuxième et la troisième section proposent une analyse de la réforme financière et de la réforme du secteur des entreprises conduites en Corée après 1997 et largement influencées par le FMI. La quatrième section présente une analyse concrète des changements au sein de deux Chaebols majeurs (Hyundai et Samsung depuis la crise financière. A partir de ces études de cas et de données empiriques complémentaires sont mis en évidence tout à la fois les changements et la permanence dans la structure et le comportement des Chaebols, suite aux modifications institutionnelles introduites après la crise financière de 1997.The Chaebol after the 1997. Financial Crisis Changes and Continuity. The paper presents the changes undergone by the Korean Chaebols after the financial crisis of 1997. The first section shortly recalls the history of the birth and development of the Chaebols and presents their specific organizational traits.  The second and third sections are dedicated to the presentation of the financial reforms and of the reforms of the enterprises implemented in Korea after 1997. The fourth section presents two cases studies of the changes introduced after 1997 on two major chaebols : Hyundai Group and Samsung Group. These case studies and other more general empirical data are used to evaluate both the changes and the continuity in Chaebol’s organizational forms and behaviours after the 1997

  10. Facteurs influençant le retour au travail après transplantation chez 61 patients rénaux ou hépatiques

    OpenAIRE

    Praz-Christianaz S.-M.

    2014-01-01

    Enjeux La réussite d'une transplantation rénale ou hépatique intègre non seulement le succès de l'acte chirurgical et sa prise en charge médicale post-greffe, mais également pour le patient greffé l'assurance d'une nouvelle qualité de vie dont le retour au travail fait partie. Le retour au travail après greffe est cependant généralement peu étudié dans la littérature et peu discuté semble-t-il au niveau médical que ce soit avant ou après greffe, quand bien même d'un point de vue médico-socio-...

  11. La formule des traces tordue d'apr\\`es le Friday Morning Seminar

    CERN Document Server

    Labesse, Jean-Pierre

    2012-01-01

    Based on the notes of the Friday Morning Seminar held in the IAS in 1983-1984 (often quoted as Morning Seminar on the Trace Formula), we give a complete and detailed proof of the Twisted Trace Formula in its primitive form i.e. its noninvariant form. ----- Notre ambition est de donner, en nous basant pour l'essentiel sur les notes du Friday Morning Seminar de l'IAS en 1983-1984 (souvent cit\\'e sous le nom de Morning Seminar on the Trace Formula), une version compl\\`ete de la preuve de la formule des traces dans le cas tordu dans sa version primitive c'est-\\`a-dire non invariante.

  12. Green fuels, growth engines after petroleum; Les carburants verts, moteurs de la croissance apres le petrole

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mili, Dino

    2010-09-15

    The contribution of the new fuels to a greener environment is important and immediate. Thanks to clean novel technologies and to commercial plant projects in development, companies like Enerkem contribute to satisfy increasing global demand for clean energy. They stimulate local economies by creating jobs in an industry that offers real growth potential. Green fuels will gradually allow us to let go of non sustainable energy sources like oil to adopt a way of life based on sustainable development. They will also allow a shift towards a green economy. [French] La contribution des nouveaux carburants a un environnement plus vert est importante et immediate. Grace a des technologies propres novatrices et a des projets d'sines commerciales en developpement, des entreprises comme Enerkem contribuent a satisfaire a la demande mondiale croissante en energie propre. Elles stimulent les economies locales par la creation d'emplois dans une industrie qui offre un veritable potentiel de croissance. Les carburants verts permettront graduellement de nous affranchir des sources d'energie non renouvelables comme le petrole pour adopter un mode de vie base sur le developpement durable. Ils permettront aussi un virage vers une economie verte.

  13. La prévention du suicide chez l'adolescent hospitalisé après une tentative échouée: quel est lele infirmier ?

    OpenAIRE

    Chabanel, Fanny; Bagnoud, Perle; Roche-Meredith, Loriane; Dupuis, Patricia

    2012-01-01

    Plusieurs études menées dans des pays différents mettent en avant que le suicide des adolescents est un problème de santé publique de grande envergure. En effet, après plusieurs lectures d’articles de recherche, nous avons remarqué que dans la majorité des pays industrialisés le suicide des adolescents est une des trois premières causes de mortalité. Nous nous sommes donc questionnées à ce sujet et nous avons eu envie de connaître lele de l’infirmière quant à la prévention du suicide chez ...

  14. Après Nous le Déluge? Direct Democracy and Intergenerational Conflicts in Ageing Societies

    OpenAIRE

    Ahlfeldt, Gabriel; Maennig, Wolfgang; Steenbeck, Malte

    2016-01-01

    To assess the likely effects of population ageing on the outcomes of direct democracy, we analyze the effect of age on voting decisions in public referenda. To this end, we provide the first quantitative review of the literature and a case study of the Stuttgart 21 referendum on one of the largest infrastructure projects in Germany. The evi-dence suggests that intergenerational conflicts arising from population ageing will likely be limited to areas in which the net present value differs part...

  15. Ahmedabad après le séisme : l'État dépassé

    OpenAIRE

    Jaffrelot, Christophe

    2001-01-01

    Ahmedabad, le 11 février 2001. Le bus assurant la navette entre la gare et l’hôtel Cama porte encore sur le pare-brise l’écriteau indiquant qu’il a été réquisitionné par une ONG britannique pour les opérations de secours. À l’hôtel, où d’énormes fissures lézardent les plafonds et les murs, les dernières équipes de médecins étrangers occupent, comme les autres (rares) pensionnaires, le quatrième et dernier étage – une précaution élémentaire en cas de réplique, explique le réceptionniste (...)....

  16. Let's Vote!

    Science.gov (United States)

    Illinois State Board of Education, Springfield.

    These activities are intended to acquaint elementary students with the voting process. Students in grades K-4 are introduced to vocabulary concerning voting through games and classroom discussions. A voting area is simulated in the classroom. Students are given the opportunity to vote for their favorite dog, bird, and wild animal. So that they can…

  17. Cinétique de la troponine Ic et valeurs seuils pour le diagnostic d'infarctus du myocarde après chirurgie cardiaque sous circulation extracorporelle

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kallel, Samy; Jarraya, Anwar; Ellouze, Maged; Frikha, Imed; Karoui, Abbdelhamid

    2012-01-01

    Introduction L'objectif de ce travail était d’étudier la cinétique de la Troponine Ic (TnIc) après chirurgie cardiaque sous circulation extracorporelle (CEC) et établir des valeurs seuils de TnIc pour le diagnostic d'infarctus du myocarde (IDM) post opératoire. Il s'agissait d'une étude prospective type cohorte observationnelle. Méthodes Nous avons inclus 37 patients âgés de plus de 18 ans proposés pour chirurgie valvulaire ou pontage aorto coronarien sous CEC. Nous avons suivi la cinétique de TnIc par des dosages immunoenzymatique sur mini-vidas® avant et après la CEC, à H4 et H12 postopératoire puis tous les jours les 4 premiers jours. Le cutoff pour le diagnostic d'IDM post opératoire a été défini comme la valeur moyenne de troponine + deux déviations standards des patients indemnes de complications cardiaques. Résultats Les valeurs de TnIc en préopératoire étaient toutes inférieures au seuil de détection de la méthode de dosage (<0,01µg/l). Les valeurs de TnIc augmentent en postopératoire immédiat pour atteindre un maximum à H4 puis diminuent progressivement pour se normaliser après 4 à 5 jours. Les valeurs seuils ont été déterminées pour H0, H4,H12, H24, H48, H72, H96 et ont été respectivement 1.36, 2.58, 3.1, 3.23, 2.13, 1.53, 1.17 pour la chirurgie coronaire et 3.75, 5.39, 4.22, 3.41, 1.65, 1.3 1.19 pour la chirurgie valvulaire. Conclusion La connaissance de la cinétique de TnIc lors de chirurgie cardiaque non compliquée et la fixation de valeur seuil ou Cutoff permet aux cliniciens de distinguer entre dommage myocardique secondaire à la chirurgie et IDM. PMID:23396754

  18. Cinétique de la troponine Ic et valeurs seuils pour le diagnostic d'infarctus du myocarde après chirurgie cardiaque sous circulation extracorporelle

    OpenAIRE

    Kallel, Samy; Jarraya, Anwar; Ellouze, Maged; Frikha, Imed; Karoui, Abbdelhamid

    2012-01-01

    Introduction L'objectif de ce travail était d’étudier la cinétique de la Troponine Ic (TnIc) après chirurgie cardiaque sous circulation extracorporelle (CEC) et établir des valeurs seuils de TnIc pour le diagnostic d'infarctus du myocarde (IDM) post opératoire. Il s'agissait d'une étude prospective type cohorte observationnelle. Méthodes Nous avons inclus 37 patients âgés de plus de 18 ans proposés pour chirurgie valvulaire ou pontage aorto coronarien sous CEC. Nous avons suivi la cinétique d...

  19. Edgar Morin et Patrick Singaïny, Avant, pendant après le 11 janvier

    OpenAIRE

    Keslassy, Eric

    2015-01-01

    Les attentats du 7, 8 et 9 janvier 2015 ont plongé la France dans la sidération. Un état de choc qui n’est pas propice à l’analyse. Edgar Morin et Patrick Singaïny tentent néanmoins de produire une réflexion visant à comprendre ce qui s’est passé. Ils s’efforcent également de proposer des pistes pour que cela n’arrive plus (même si le livre ne formule pas réellement de pistes concrètes). Le plan de l’ouvrage est conforme à son titre. Son objectif est en effet de réfléchir – rapidement – à tro...

  20. L’abdication du Congrès après le 11 septembre : crise constitutionnelle ou politique ?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maya KANDEL

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available L’effondrement des tours jumelles de Manhattan le 11 septembre 2001 a renversé le rapport existant entre législatif et exécutif américains. Alors que certains avaient pu qualifier George W. Bush après son élection de « premier président post-impérial » face à un Congrès en pleine reconquête de ses prérogatives depuis la fin de la guerre froide, l’entrée des Etats-Unis dans la « guerre contre la terreur » a vu le retour d’une présidence impériale, et réduit les parlementaires à un rôle de quasi figuration. Historiquement, l’évolution semble attendue. Les phases d’extraversion de l’Amérique ont toujours correspondu à une affirmation de la prééminence présidentielle. Plus encore, en temps de crise et dès lors que la sécurité du peuple est en jeu, la prérogative constitutionnelle qui fait du président le commandant en chef des forces armées du pays lui donne une marge de manœuvre incomparable dans l’élaboration de la politique étrangère. Il était logique que le 11 septembre garantisse à Bush la victoire sur le Congrès dans la « compétition pour le privilège de conduire la politique étrangère du pays ». Les parlementaires se sont montrés particulièrement complaisants face à l’expansion des pouvoirs de l’exécutif, qu’ils ont souvent eux-mêmes autorisée – en particulier dans les mois qui ont suivi les attaques, puis par la suite, en raison de l’utilisation habile par Bush et le parti républicain d’une « politique de la peur » particulièrement efficace. Mais l’Administration Bush est allée beaucoup plus loin que cette simple logique. Par la pratique des signing statements, « déclarations de signature » ajoutées aux lois, le Président s’est accordé le droit d’interpréter, voire de choisir ou de corriger, certaines portions de la législation votée par le Congrès. Cette pratique n’a pas été inventée par Bush mais, qualitativement comme

  1. Après le spectacle : les impacts psychosociaux de consommation de pornographie homosexuelle masculine chez les hommes gais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SIMON CORNEAU

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Cette recherche qualitative exploratoire vise à mettre à jour les impacts psychosociaux possibles de consommation de pornographie homosexuelle masculine à travers les discours de 20 usagers gais de Toronto (Canada. La consommation de pornographie semble plus acceptée et normalisée chez les hommes gais que chez les hommes hétérosexuels. Une telle consommation peut avoir une incidence sur certains aspects de la santé sexuelle et de la santé mentale. L'analyse thématique du corpus de nos données nous révèle que les impacts peuvent se faire sentir au niveau de l'apprentissage, de l'édification de la fantasmatique, de la validation de la sexualité entre hommes, de l'ingérence dans la vie sexuelle et enfin, sur l'habituation et sur l'image de soi/image corporelle. À l'aide de l’analyse critique de discours, nous avons pu documenter les discours sociaux plus larges en jeu dans les récits des usagers et voir de quelle façon ils se positionnent à l'intérieur de ces mêmes discours.

  2. Votes populaires, votes populistes

    OpenAIRE

    Mayer, Nonna

    1988-01-01

    Le Front national, en se revendiquant du populisme, s'inscrit dans une mouvance très répandue en Europe, qui pourrait se caractériser par le refus de la médiation, l'appel au peuple contre les élites. Mais la méfiance envers un personnel politique considéré comme corrompu est, par exemple, aussi fréquente dans l'électorat d'extrême gauche. L'électeur du FN se distingue plutôt par son ethnocentrisme, son rejet des autres. Et populiste n'est pas nécessairement synonyme de « populaire ». La caté...

  3. Professionnalisation à travers la socialisation internationale et les "usages de l'Europe". Le cas des organisations syndicales en Bulgarie, KNSB et KT Podkrepa, après 1989.

    OpenAIRE

    Spasova, Slavina

    2015-01-01

    Comment appréhender l’acteur syndical dans le changement des cycles historiques et « le passage, à la fin des années 80, d’une conjoncture économique à une autre, d’une forme syndicale à une autre ». (Mouriaux, René dans Launey, Michel 1990). En se passionnant par ce questionnement notre thèse de doctorat se penche sur l’étude de cas de la construction de l’acteur syndical et son rôle dans l’espace politique, économique et social en Bulgarie après 1989. Un pays qui à l’orée de l’instauration ...

  4. Effet du numéro d'oestrus et du nombre de jours après le vêlage sur la probabilité de conception chez les vaches laitières

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Friggens, Nic; Labouriau, Rodrigo

    été observés quotidiennement pour toutes les vaches, du vêlage jusqu'à la gestation confirmée ou jusqu'à deux cent quatre-vingt dix jours après le vêlage. Des inséminations ont été effectuées à chaque chaleur observée à partir du trente-cinquième jour post partum jusqu'à ce que la vache ait été jugée...

  5. Qualified voting mechanisms

    OpenAIRE

    Mart??nez Rico, Ricardo; Moreno, Bernardo

    2014-01-01

    We study voting mechanisms, which consist of two elements: a profile of sets of votes (this profile describes the votes that voters are allowed to cast) and a voting scheme (which explains how to aggregate those votes). To investigate how these two elements interact, we impose some properties on the sets of votes (i.e., regularity ) and on the voting scheme (i.e., candidate monotonicity, candidate anonymity, and weak neutrality ). We characterize the family of voting schemes that satisfy some...

  6. Terre-Neuve ou la carte éclatée d'après le «Grand Insulaire» d'André Thevet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frank LESTRINGANT

    1987-09-01

    Full Text Available Les deux cartes relatives à Terre-Neuve, représentée comme un archipel, que l'on trouve dans le Grand Insulaire inachevé du cosmographe André Thevet (circa, 1586, sont un bon témoignage des errements en partie calculés auxquels se prêtait la cartographie à l'époque des Grandes Découvertes. Pour vaincre des contraintes techniques d'une part, telles que la nécessité du montage entre des données disparates, et pour affirmer d'autre part le dessein d'une entreprise de conquête, le cosmographe — ou géographe universel — est amené à truquer, selon les règles de l'art, un document composite, prélevé à l'origine sur le planisphère de Mercator et augmenté d'informations venues des routiers portulans. Une île inédite, qui porte le nom de Thevet, a pour fonction de signer le tout.

  7. Caractéristiques spatiales de la couverture des buissons après différentes perturbations par le feu dans les Pyrénées

    OpenAIRE

    Montané, Francesc; Casals, Pere; Taull, Marc; Lambert, Bernard; Dale, Mark R.T.

    2009-01-01

    * Les empiètements boisés sur les prairies sont un phénomène mondial. Dans les Pyrénées, le feu a été utilisé comme un outil de gestion pour transformer une partie des empiètements boisés en prairies. * Cette étude vise à comparer les caractéristiques spatiales des couverts de buissons 4 ans après 4 différentes perturbations (feu prescrit, feu prescrit répété, feu spontané dans des buissons âgés de 20 ans et feu spontané dans buissons âgés de 5 ans), et aussi de comparer la couverture des bui...

  8. Magaly Del Vecchio-Drion, La Prise de Cordres et de Sebille, chanson de geste du xiiie siècle, édition d’après le ms. BN

    OpenAIRE

    Vecchio-Drion, Magaly Del

    2012-01-01

    La Prise de Cordres et de Sebille appartient au Cycle de Guillaume d’Orange, plus précisément, au Cycle des Narbonnais. Cet ensemble de chansons, qui se situe au moment des enfances de Guillaume, narre les exploits des frères du comte d’Orange après ce que l’on a coutume d’appeler le « département des fils Aymeri » et comprend les textes suivants : Aymeri de Narbonne, Narbonnais, Siège de Barbastre, Mort Aymeri de Narbonne. À ce noyau s’ajoutent Guibert d’Andrenas et La Prise de Cordres et de...

  9. How devices transform voting

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pieters, Wolter; Hof, van der Simone; Groothuis, Marga M.

    2010-01-01

    Several European countries have been involved in the implementation of electronic forms of voting in elections. This may include electronic voting machines at polling stations, Internet voting, or both. In the former, the registration and counting of the votes is done electronically, but authenticat

  10. CONTENUS INFORMATIONNELS DU RESULTAT NET ET DES CAPITAUX PROPRES : QUELLE PERTINENCE APRES L'INTRODUCTION DES NORMES IFRS : LE CAS DE LA FRANCE

    OpenAIRE

    Saadi, Tayeb

    2010-01-01

    Avec l'adoption des normes IAS/IFRS, les firmes européennes ont choisi de publier leurs états financiers sous un modèle de normes orienté vers les besoins d'information des actionnaires et des investisseurs boursiers. Ce nouveau référentiel comptable semble fournir des informations plus pertinentes en matière d'investissements par rapport à celles divulguées sous les normes françaises. Ce travail a pour objectif d'évaluer la pertinente du résultat net et des capitaux propres, indicateurs clés...

  11. Contrôle des circuits auxiliaires des P.F.W. (arret machine 2004/2006, après rénovation de 25 aimants)

    CERN Document Server

    Ottaviani, J

    2006-01-01

    Les PFW sont des nappes polaires installées sur les pôles des aimants du PS. Elles sont au nombre de 4 par unité d'aimant et constituées d'un circuit principal (dans lequel circule le courant désiré selon le cycle magnétique utilisé) et de circuits auxiliaires. Les circuits auxiliaires sont des enroulements de correction (boucles de tour et ?pick-up? brasés sur les enroulements principaux). Pendant la variation du champ magnétique de l'aimant PS, on utilise des tensions induites dans ces circuits auxiliaires pour corriger les erreurs de champ dues aux pertes par courants de Foucault dans la chambre à vide. Chaque année, pendant l'arrêt machine, on vérifie si les caractéristiques des circuits auxiliaires correspondent aux normes (mesures des résistances des boucles de tours, résistances entre ?pick-up? et isolation des circuits) afin de faire un suivi. Des mesures ont été faites au début du grand arrêt en décembre 2004 afin de définir quels aimants seraient à rénover (l'état des PFW e...

  12. OFFICIAL VOTING SYSTEM FOR ELECTRONIC VOTING: E-VOTE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marco Antonio Dorantes Gonzalez

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper describes the Official voting system by electronic ballot: E-Vote, which aims to streamline primary electoral processes performed in the country, beginning with the District Federal benefits and improvements. The principal benefices are economic and ecological time, taking into account process security features and the integrity of the captured votes. This system represents an alternative to the currently devices and systems implemented in countries like Venezuela, Brazil and the United States, as well formalized as a prototype able to compete with others developed by the Institute Federal Electoral District (IEDF.

  13. 11 aprile 1306: Pistoia apre le porte a Firenze, dopo un anno di assedio. Cronaca, costruzione e trasmissione di un evento

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giampaolo Francesconi

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Nel maggio 1305 i comuni di Lucca e di Firenze entrarono in guerra contro il comune di Pistoia, conquistarono la gran parte dei castelli del suo territorio e posero l’assedio alla città. La vicenda si inseriva nel contesto assai complesso delle lotte di fazione che dilaniavano la società toscana. Dopo quasi un anno, caratterizzato piuttosto che da combattimenti da un blocco economico che privò la città dei rifornimenti annonari e mise a durissima prova la cittadinanza, la città si arrese, le sue mura furono distrutte, e iniziò la sua plurisecolare soggezione a Firenze. Ancor più che su questi eventi, il saggio si sofferma sulla loro “memoria”, così come fu costruita dai cronisti lucchesi e fiorentini del Trecento (Marchionne di Coppo Stefani, il Compagni, il Villani, ecc.; mentre la memoria civica di Pistoia rimosse completamente, anche nei secoli successivi, questo momento decisivo della storia della città.

  14. Party brands and voting

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Sigge Winther; Larsen, Martin Vinæs

    2014-01-01

    Some scholars argue that Western societies have seen a decreasing impact of voting behavior based on cleavages and party identifications. Equally, issue ownership voting is seemingly not increasing its relevance by filling this gap. From this departure we seek out an alternative variable by posing...... the question: Do party brands influence voting behavior? Currently, we do not know because the two research fields of voting behavior and party brands are currently not explicitly linked. Traditionally, the study of voting behavior has gained powerful insights from concepts such as cleavage structure...

  15. L’opinion dissidente de Pal et le révisionnisme historique dans le Japon d’après-guerre The dissentient judgment of Pal and historical revisionism in Postwar Japan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Takeshi Nakajima

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Dans son opinion dissidente au procès de Tôkyô (le Tribunal militaire international pour l’Extrême-Orient, le juge indien Radhabinhod Pal avait contesté le bien-fondé des notions de « crime contre la paix » et de « crimes contre l’humanité » élaborées par la Charte du tribunal qui furent utilisées pour condamner les hauts responsables japonais comme « criminels de guerre de classe A ». Considérant que ces notions relèvent d’une législation ex post facto, il estima qu’il eût été préférable de s’en tenir à la notion existante de « crimes de guerre ». Faute de quoi, au lieu de servir la justice, le procès de Tokyo cautionna selon lui l’idée qu’il suffirait de sortir vainqueur d’un conflit armé pour pouvoir imposer la loi de manière arbitraire. Au Japon, cette opinion se vit peu à peu durcie, puis détournée de sa visée initiale, par un courant de plus en plus outrageusement révisionniste. Cet article réexamine les points essentiels de l’argumentation de Pal avant d’analyser la façon dont les révisionnistes japonais s’en sont emparée.In his dissenting judgment in the Tokyo trial (the International Military Tribunal for the Far East, the Indian judge Radhabinhod Pal had challenged the validity of the concepts of "crime against peace" and "crime against humanity" developed by the Charter of the court and which were used to condemn the Japanese officials as "war criminals category A". Whereas these concepts are subject to ex post facto legislation, he felt it was better to stick to the existing concept of "war crimes". Failing that, instead of justice, the trial of Tokyo according to endorse the idea that it was enough to win an armed conflict to impose the law in an arbitrary manner. In Japan, this opinion is gradually tightened, then diverted from its original purpose, by a stream of more and more outrageously revisionist. This article reviews the essential points of the argument of

  16. L’Immaculée Conception après le concile de Bâle dans les provinces dominicaines et franciscaines de Teutonie et de Saxe : débats et iconographie

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martina Wehrli-Johns

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available L’essai propose de suivre le fil des débats autour de l’Immaculée Conception dans les pays germaniques à partir du Concile de Bâle jusqu’au début du xvie siècle.Le décret du Concile en faveur de cette doctrine (1439 avait ranimé un désaccord déjà ancien entre les ordres mendiants et particulièrement entre les Franciscains et les Dominicains au sujet de la Vierge immaculée. Les deux traités défendant ce privilège (1444/1445 écrits par l’ancien évêque de Constance, Otto d’Hachberg, sont un premier témoignage de ce conflit en Allemagne. Dès l’avènement du pape franciscain Sixte IV (1471-1484, les disputations publiques et les polémiques littéraires au sujet de l’Immaculée Conception se multiplient. Le point culminant de cette controverse arrive au moment du procès contre le dominicain Wigand Wirt à Rome où l’accusé se voit contraint en 1512 de révoquer ses écrits diffamatoires. L’isolement croissant de l’ordre dominicain dans ce débat semble être aussi la conséquence du thomisme rigide des dominicains observants en Italie et en Allemagne. Ainsi les frères observants de la province de « Teutonie » suivent-ils de près l’opinion de leur confrère Vincent Bandelli de la congrégation observante de Lombardie, déclarant la foi en l’Immaculée Conception comme hérétique. Bien que la bulle Grave nimis (1482 interdise aux partis opposés de se dénoncer mutuellement comme hérétiques, les observants allemands ne manquent pas de faire usage de cette arme, ce qui provoque l’alliance de leurs adversaires (Carmes, Chartreux, Augustiniens, Bénédictins et cercles humanistes de toute couleur dans le camp des franciscains de l’Observance. L’analyse des traités et des circonstances de cette querelle met donc en lumière les tensions et les constellations intellectuelles du discours religieux dans les décennies avant la Réforme protestante où le raisonnement théologique fait place

  17. En exil et en mission : le voyage au Canada de dix religieuses de l’Instruction du Puy en 1903, d’après le journal de sœur Saint-Ouen

    OpenAIRE

    Balloud, Simon

    2015-01-01

    Tout au long du XIXe siècle et jusqu’au début du XXe siècle, des gens d’Église membres des communautés religieuses quittent la France, où les gouvernements républicains anticléricaux se succèdent. Contraintes à l’exil en 1903, dix sœurs de l’Instruction du Puy quittent la France pour le Canada afin d’encadrer les jeunes autochtones des missions érigées par les oblats en Colombie-Britannique. Leur voyage se déroule du 30 septembre au 16 octobre 1903. Cette contribution propose, en se fondant s...

  18. One Cow, One Vote

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Albæk, Svend; Schultz, Christian

    1997-01-01

    We study investment decisions in a farmers' cooperative. Farmers sell their products through the cooperative. Before production takes place the cooperative has to decide on an investment. We study whether voting on investment leads to efficient investment decisions. The answer depends on how the...... number of votes and the cost of the investment are distributed among the farmers. It is shown that in a variety of settings, there is no reason to suppose that voting rules favoring large farmers - "one cow, one vote" rules - are more efficient than simple majority rule...

  19. Shareholder Voting and Corporate Governance

    OpenAIRE

    David Yermack

    2010-01-01

    This article reviews recent research into corporate voting and elections. Regulatory reforms have given shareholders more voting power in the election of directors and in executive compensation issues. Shareholders use voting as a channel of communication with boards of directors, and protest voting can lead to significant changes in corporate governance and strategy. Some investors have embraced innovative empty voting strategies for decoupling voting rights from cash flow rights, enabling t...

  20. Anonymity in Voting Revisited

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jonker, Hugo; Pieters, Wolter

    According to international law, anonymity of the voter is a fundamental precondition for democratic elections. In electronic voting, several aspects of voter anonymity have been identified. In this paper, we re-examine anonymity with respect to voting, and generalise existing notions of anonymity in e-voting. First, we identify and categorise the types of attack that can be a threat to anonymity of the voter, including different types of vote buying and coercion. This analysis leads to a categorisation of anonymity in voting in terms of a) the strength of the anonymity achieved and b) the extent of interaction between voter and attacker. Some of the combinations, including weak and strong receipt-freeness, are formalised in epistemic logic.

  1. Voting systems for environmental decisions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burgman, Mark A; Regan, Helen M; Maguire, Lynn A; Colyvan, Mark; Justus, James; Martin, Tara G; Rothley, Kris

    2014-04-01

    Voting systems aggregate preferences efficiently and are often used for deciding conservation priorities. Desirable characteristics of voting systems include transitivity, completeness, and Pareto optimality, among others. Voting systems that are common and potentially useful for environmental decision making include simple majority, approval, and preferential voting. Unfortunately, no voting system can guarantee an outcome, while also satisfying a range of very reasonable performance criteria. Furthermore, voting methods may be manipulated by decision makers and strategic voters if they have knowledge of the voting patterns and alliances of others in the voting populations. The difficult properties of voting systems arise in routine decision making when there are multiple criteria and management alternatives. Because each method has flaws, we do not endorse one method. Instead, we urge organizers to be transparent about the properties of proposed voting systems and to offer participants the opportunity to approve the voting system as part of the ground rules for operation of a group. PMID:24423154

  2. Linear Logical Voting Protocols

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    DeYoung, Henry; Schürmann, Carsten

    2012-01-01

    Current approaches to electronic implementations of voting protocols involve translating legal text to source code of an imperative programming language. Because the gap between legal text and source code is very large, it is difficult to trust that the program meets its legal specification....... In response, we promote linear logic as a high-level language for both specifying and implementing voting protocols. Our linear logical specifications of the single-winner first-past-the-post (SW- FPTP) and single transferable vote (STV) protocols demonstrate that this approach leads to concise...

  3. Anonymity-Proof Voting Rules

    OpenAIRE

    Conitzer, Vincent

    2007-01-01

    A (randomized, anonymous) voting rule maps any multiset of total orders of (aka. votes over) a fixed set of alternatives to a probability distribution over these alternatives. A voting rule f is neutral if it treats all alternatives symmetrically. It satisfies participation if no voter ever benefits from not casting her vote. It is falsename-proof if no voter ever benefits from casting additional (potentially different) votes. It is anonymity-proof if it satisfies participation and it i...

  4. LGBT Vote 2012

    OpenAIRE

    Gates, Gary

    2012-01-01

    Exit polls from the 2012 presidential election suggest that 5% of the electorate identified as lesbian, gay, or bisexual. These LGB voters overwhelmingly supported President Obama for re-election. Exit polls suggest that the President garnered 76% of the LGB vote compared to 22% support for Gov. Mitt Romney. The strong LGBT support for President Obama was likely a key factor in his ability to win the national popular vote and the very close election in Florida. This research brief considers t...

  5. Global coordination: weighted voting

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jan-Erik Lane

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available In order to halt the depletion of global ecological capital, a number of different kinds of meetings between Governments of countries in the world has been scheduled. The need for global coordination of environmental policies has become ever more obvious, supported by more and more evidence of the running down of ecological capital. But there are no formal or binding arrangements in sight, as global environmental coordination suffers from high transaction costs (qualitative voting. The CO2 equivalent emissions, resulting in global warming, are driven by the unstoppable economic expansion in the global market economy, employing mainly fossil fuel generated energy, although at the same time lifting sharply the GDP per capita of several emerging countries. Only global environmental coordination on the successful model of the World Band and the IMF (quantitative voting can stem the rising emissions numbers and stop further environmental degradation. However, the system of weighted voting in the WB and the IMF must be reformed by reducing the excessive voting power disparities, for instance by reducing all member country votes by the cube root expression.

  6. Voting power and Qualified Majority Voting with a "no vote" option

    CERN Document Server

    Kurth, Martin

    2008-01-01

    In recent years, enlargement of the European Union has led to increased interest in the allocation of voting weights to member states with hugely differing population numbers. While the eventually agreed voting scheme lacks any strict mathematical basis, the Polish government suggested a voting scheme based on the Penrose definition of voting power, leading to an allocation of voting weights proportional to the square root of the population (the "Jagiellonian Compromise"). The Penrose definition of voting power is derived from the citizens' freedom to vote either "yes" or "no". This paper defines a corresponding voting power based on "yes", "no" and "abstain" options, and it is found that this definition also leads to a square root law, and to the same optimal vote allocation as the Penrose scheme.

  7. Vote using the Web

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmoltner, Anne-Marie

    In an effort to increase the strength of AGU by increasing participation in voting, you will be able to cast your ballot for AGU officers on the Web this year. The Tellers Committee is working with an experienced firm, election.com, to develop procedures for conducting AGU's first electronic election in November and December 2001. You will be able to cast your votes for the officers of your choice, among the 62 candidates, by going to a secure Web site, or by requesting a paper ballot.An amendment to the District of Columbia law now permits non-profit organizations incorporated in Washington, D.C. to conduct elections using electronic voting. AGU was instrumental in getting the amendment adopted by the Council of the District of Columbia in spring 2001.

  8. Présentation. Quelque trente ans après les fameuses leçons que Foucault lui a consacrées, Gary Becker lit Foucault

    OpenAIRE

    Bernard E. Harcourt

    2014-01-01

    « Ce que je voudrais faire maintenant, annonce Foucault, le 1er février 1978, ce serait quelque chose que j’appellerais une histoire de la “gouvernementalité” » (Foucault, 2004 b : 111). Dans le cadre de ce projet, Foucault consacrera trois leçons, en mars 1979, à la pensée néolibérale américaine de la Chicago School of Economics, mobilisant en particulier les travaux de Gary Becker, futur lauréat du prix Nobel (Foucault, 2004 a : 221-294, leçons des 14, 21 et 28 mars 1979). Le contexte : étu...

  9. A duty to vote

    OpenAIRE

    Usher, Dan

    2011-01-01

    A duty to vote may be many things. It may be no more than an obligation to cast one's ballot as self-interestedly or as altruistically as one pleases. It may a requirement to vote for the political party most likely to yield the highest social welfare. It may be a requirement to choose between competing parties in the interest of one's social class or with recognition of the needs of the poor. It may include a requirement to inform oneself about the issues in an election. This paper begins wi...

  10. New Mexico Voting Precincts (2008)

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — This dataset contains the New Mexico Voting Precinct Boundaries as of July 2006. It is in a vector digital shapefile created to show the voting precinct coverage...

  11. Does Confidential Proxy Voting Matter?

    OpenAIRE

    Roberta Romano

    2002-01-01

    Confidential voting in corporate proxies is a principal recommendation in activist institutional investors' guidelines for corporate governance reforms. This paper examines the impact of the adoption of confidential corporate proxy voting on proposal outcomes through a panel data set of shareholder and management proposals submitted from 1986-98 to the 130 firms that adopted confidential voting in those years. Institutional investors promoting confidential voting maintain that private sector ...

  12. Does Confidential Proxy Voting Matter?

    OpenAIRE

    Romano, Roberta

    2002-01-01

    Confidential voting in corporate proxies is a principal recommendation in activist institutional investors' guidelines for corproate governance reforms. This paper examins the impact of the adoption of confidential corporate proxy voting on proposal outcoms through a panel data set of shareholder and management proposals submitted from 1986-98 to the 130 firms that adopted confidential voting in those years. Institutional investors promoting confidential voting maintain that private sector in...

  13. Does Confidential Proxy Voting Matter?

    OpenAIRE

    Romano, Roberta

    2002-01-01

    Confidential voting in corporate proxies is a principal recommendation in activist institutional investors' guidelines for corproate governance reforms. This paper examins the impact of the adoption of confidential corporate proxy voting on proposal outcoms through a panel data set of shareholder and management proposals submitted from 1986-98 to the 130 firms that adopted confidential voting in those years. Institutional investors promoting confidential voting maintain that private sector ...

  14. Does Confidential Proxy Voting Matter?

    OpenAIRE

    Roberta Romano

    2002-01-01

    Confidential voting in corporate proxies is a principal recommendation in activist institutional investors' guidelines for corporate governance reforms. This paper examines the impact of the adoption of confidential voting on proposal outcomes through a panel data set of shareholder and management proposals submitted from 1986-98 to 130 firms that adopted confidential voting in those years. Institutional investors promoting confidential voting maintain that private sector institutions have co...

  15. The Production Function for Votes

    OpenAIRE

    John Maloney; Andrew Pickering

    2004-01-01

    The Vote Production Function (VPF) has a party's vote depending on (a) its potential vote and (b) the party organization which actualizes it - 'political capital'. Empirical work suggests that moving to the centre would increase your vote if only you could hold political capital constant. The relative weights of the factors in the VPF will determine whether parties converge or polarize ideologically and politicians' rent-seeking behaviour. In most cases, the more important political capital i...

  16. Corporate gouvernance et la pratique du e-vote

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jamel HENCHIRI

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available La communication s’interroge si le e-vote introduit récemment dans les sociétés cotées sur l’Euronext est l’aboutissement d’une politique de gouvernance en faveur d’une meilleure transparence de l’information et d’une plus forte participation des actionnaires aux décisions de l’entreprise. Les résultats de l’enquête réalisée auprès de cet échantillon de sociétés sont, tout d’abord, présentés. Nous trouvons que ces sociétés sont plutôt de taille plus importante mais de performance généralement moins bonne. Ensuite, nous avons effectué des tests comparatifs de quelques données explicatives, en terme de gouvernance, de la qualité de la pratique du e-vote. Nous observons que ce sont des entreprises dont le capital est plus diffus et qu’il n’y a pas de différences statistiques en terme de présence aux assemblées générales. Le e-vote dépasse donc le simple stade de l’amélioration du processus administratif de la gestion de ces assemblées. Enfin, la discussion porte sur l’impact de nouvelles règles de transparence pour la Corporate gouvernance. Mots-clé : e-vote, vote électronique, Corporate gouvernance, e-gouvernance, droit de vote, assemblée générale, actionnaires, Euronext

  17. Vote Points to Kyrgyzstan's Future

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU GUILING

    2010-01-01

    @@ @@ On June 27, a constitutional referendum was held in Kyrgyzstan. The Central Election Commission announced two days later a new Constitution had been approved. Some 2.72 million people were eligible to vote and the turnout was more than 70 percent. Of those who cast ballots, some 90 percent voted for the new Constitution and only 8 percent voted against it.

  18. Le réinvestissement de l’espace local par les mouvements mexicains : refuge après les impasses politiques ou creuset d’une nouvelle culture politique ?

    OpenAIRE

    Pleyers, Geoffrey

    2013-01-01

    Au cours de la première décennie du xxie siècle, de nombreux mouvements sociaux mexicains ont focalisé leur action sur le niveau local. Cet article souligne deux facteurs qui ont favorisé cette évolution : les impasses politiques liées à la fermeture du système politique aux revendications de nombreux secteurs sociaux et le renforcement d’une culture qui conçoit le changement social à partir de l’échelle locale. La seconde partie de l’article souligne l’impact que peuvent avoir ces mouvements...

  19. Voting Experiences I

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jydebjerg, Camilla; Jakobsen, Tina Mou

    From 2008 to 2010, an EU-project ''My opinion my vote – MOTE'' is implemented. The aim of the project is to increase the political participation among people with learning disabilities. A qualitative interview survey of three rounds among 20 persons with learning disabilities and professional...

  20. Electronic Universal Vote

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristian USCATU

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available In the days of informational society everything is going online. Most aspects of our lives have online components. Since democracy is a big issue, it could not escape this trend. Governments themselves are moving to the online environment for the purpose of improving their internal efficiency and their availability to the citizens, businesses and other parties interested. Since governments are the result of elections, elections have also been touched by the electronic fever. New electronic voting solutions arise and each one brings new debates with many arguments in their favor and against them. Accessibility and ease of use leads the arguments in favor of electronic voting over the internet, while fear of fraud is the main reason people are avoiding electronics and clinging on classic paper ballots.

  1. Le sondage urinaire est-il nécessaire après chirurgie colique en Fast-Track avec une analgésie péridurale thoracique ? Une étude prospective

    OpenAIRE

    Delecluse, Léonard; Forget, Patrice; Remue, Christophe; Veevaete, Laurent; Lois, Fernande; De Kock, Marc; Kartheuser, Alex; Le sondage urinaire est-il nécessaire après chirurgie colique en Fast-Track avec une analgésie péridurale thoracique? Une étude prospective

    2010-01-01

    Introduction Les patients se plaignent fréquemment de symptômes urinaires causés par le sondage. Dans la chirurgie avec réhabilitation rapide (Fast-Track), le retrait de la sonde urinaire en fin de procédure chirurgicale pourrait être associé à une faible morbidité, un faible risque de rétention urinaire postopératoire (RUPO), une mobilisation plus facile et un confort accru. Patients et Méthodes Avec l’accord du Comité d’Ethique, les patients programmés pour une résection colique av...

  2. Vers une interdiction des ogm ? Après le rapport de la Société royale du Canada sur «l’avenir de la biotechnologie alimentaire».

    OpenAIRE

    Darier, Éric

    2001-01-01

    La publication du rapport de la Société royale du Canada le 5 février 2001 marquera peut-être un tournant historique important vers une approche gourvernementale plus responsable dans le dossier des OGM (organismes génétiquement modifiés) au Canada. Pour la première fois au Canada, un groupe d’experts indépendants confirme les craintes de nombreux groupes dont Greenpeace au sujet des OGM (pour la position de Greenpeace sur les OGM voir http://www.greenpeace.fr/ , http://www.greenpeace.ca ou h...

  3. Improving Remote Voting Security with CodeVoting

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joaquim, Rui; Ribeiro, Carlos; Ferreira, Paulo

    One of the major problems that prevents the spread of elections with the possibility of remote voting over electronic networks, also called Internet Voting, is the use of unreliable client platforms, such as the voter's computer and the Internet infrastructure connecting it to the election server. A computer connected to the Internet is exposed to viruses, worms, Trojans, spyware, malware and other threats that can compromise the election's integrity. For instance, it is possible to write a virus that changes the voter's vote to a predetermined vote on election's day. Another possible attack is the creation of a fake election web site where the voter uses a malicious vote program on the web site that manipulates the voter's vote (phishing/pharming attack). Such attacks may not disturb the election protocol, therefore can remain undetected in the eyes of the election auditors.

  4. Sticking with Your Vote: Cognitive Dissonance and Voting

    OpenAIRE

    Sendhil Mullainathan; Ebonya Washington

    2006-01-01

    In traditional models, votes are an expression of preferences and beliefs. Psychological theories of cognitive dissonance suggest, however, that behavior may shape preferences. In this view, the very act of voting may influence political attitudes. A vote for a candidate may lead to more favorable interpretations of his actions in the future. We test the empirical relevance of cognitive dissonance in US Presidential elections. The key problem in such a test is the endogeneity of voter choice ...

  5. APR-2 Tropical Cyclone Observations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Durden, S. L.; Tanelli, S.

    2011-01-01

    The Second Generation Airborne Precipitation Radar (APR-2) participated in the Genesis and Rapid Intensification Processes (GRIP) experiment in August and September of 2010, collecting a large volume of data in several tropical systems, including Hurricanes Earl and Karl. Additional measurements of tropical cyclone have been made by APR-2 in experiments prior to GRIP (namely, CAMEX-4, NAMMA, TC4); Table 1 lists all the APR-2 tropical cyclone observations. The APR-2 observations consist of the vertical structure of rain reflectivity at 13.4 and 35.6 GHz, and at both co-polarization and crosspolarization, as well as vertical Doppler measurements and crosswind measurements. APR-2 normally flies on the NASA DC-8 aircraft, as in GRIP, collecting data with a downward looking, cross-track scanning geometry. The scan limits are 25 degrees on either side of the aircraft, resulting in a roughly 10-km swath, depending on the aircraft altitude. Details of the APR-2 observation geometry and performance can be found in Sadowy et al. (2003).The multiparameter nature of the APR-2 measurements makes the collection of tropical cyclone measurements valuable for detailed studies of the processes, microphysics and dynamics of tropical cyclones, as well as weaker systems that are associated with tropical cyclone formation. In this paper, we give a brief overview of how the APR-2 data are processed. We also discuss use of the APR-2 cross-track winds to estimate various quantities of interest in in studies of storm intensification. Finally, we show examples of the standard products and derived information.

  6. Governance Vote Results

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bamzai, Anjuli; Robinson, Robert; Shirey, Steven

    2009-11-01

    Voting by the membership for proposed changes to AGU bylaws and articles of incorporation was completed on 13 November 2009. The proposed changes would expand AGU's Council to focus it on science; shift the business and fiduciary responsibility for AGU to a newly created, smaller Board of Directors, freeing the Council to focus on science policy and other science-related matters; and modernize AGU's governing documents to reflect current practice in not-for-profit governance. All background information was provided in the 15 September 2009 issue of Eos and in subsequent issues.

  7. Voting over economic plans

    OpenAIRE

    Boylan, Richard T; RICHARD D. MCKELVEY

    1995-01-01

    We review and provide motivation for a one-sector model of economic growth in which decisions about capital accumulation are made by a political process. If it is possible to commit for at least three periods into the future, then for any feasible consumption plan, there is a perturbation that is majority-preferred to it. Furthermore, plans that minimize the maximum vote that can be obtained against them yield a political business cycle. If it is impossible to commit, voters select the optima...

  8. Instruments et pratique scientifique : l’évolution des choix et des pratiques dans le Cabinet de physique des enfants de France à Versailles d’après les inventaires des Menus-Plaisirs (1758-1765

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pascale Mormiche

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Cette communication concerne l’enseignement scientifique des princes et la composition de cabinet d’instruments scientifiques. Le premier cabinet constitué à Versailles est celui des enfants de France établi sous le contrôle des Menus-Plaisirs. À partir de 1758, il se compose d’instruments choisis parmi les 345 décrits dans le catalogue de l’abbé Nollet en 1738 dans son « Programme ou Idée générale d’un cours de physique expérimentale… ». En 1762 sont déjà achetés plus de 180 objets scientifiques, instruments, matériaux et meubles qu’enrichissent les achats successifs qui se poursuivront en 1765, date à laquelle existe un autre inventaire. Aussi étonnant que cela paraisse, ces deux inventaires n’ont jamais été comparés, ni mis en perspective avec la liste faite lors des séquestres révolutionnaires.Ainsi ces deux inventaires successifs pour ce rare cabinet princier permettent de préciser la culture scientifique des princes grâce au choix minutieux d’objets commandés à l’abbé Nollet par l’équipe préceptorale qui enseigne aux princes. La politique d’acquisition de ces instruments donne des indications sur les pratiques scientifiques des princes. L’électricité fut-elle plus favorisée que la mécanique ou les fluides ? Quelle fut la place de l’observation de l’infiniment grand, de l’infiniment petit ? S’est-on procuré des instruments auprès d’autres constructeurs ? On peut comparer utilement avec un cabinet dont on connaît le rare inventaire d’achat, celui de Mme du Châtelet et Voltaire possédant également des instruments Nollet. L’analyse de ces inventaires va bien au-delà du simple choix d’instruments pour constituer le cabinet de physique des Enfants de France. Il s’agit de relier les instruments avec la pratique pédagogique des princes en montrant la création d’une « discipline scolaire » enseignée aux princes, alors que se déroulent des d

  9. Le droit et les femmes

    OpenAIRE

    Collin, Françoise; Duroux, Françoise; Rochefort, Florence

    2014-01-01

    Quelques dates 1804 Le code civil napoléonien efface les quelques dispositions prises en 1792 sur le droit au divorce et restaure l’incapacité civile des femmes mariées. 1886 Rétablissement du droit au divorce. 1907 Les femmes mariées peuvent percevoir leur salaire. 1937 Trois femmes sont nommées sous-secrétaires d’État, sans droit de vote. 1944 Droit de vote pour les femmes. 1965 Droit d’exercer une profession et d’ouvrir un compte bancaire sans l’autorisation du mari. 1970 L’autorité parent...

  10. One Share-One Vote

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Poulsen, Thomas; Eklund, Johan E.

    enhancing mechanisms; it could also be that some shareholders retain a large block in a one share-one vote structure. In this paper, we develop a methodology to disentangle disproportionality, which allows us to test the effect of deviations from one share-one vote more precisely. Our empirical findings add...

  11. Vingt ans après…

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    François Burgat

    2002-05-01

    Full Text Available Le dixième numéro des Chroniques Yéménites, publié vingt ans après la création du Centre Français d'Archéologie et de Sciences Sociales de Sanaa reflète des ambitions souvent exprimées: donner une chance aux jeunes chercheurs et couvrir un large éventail disciplinaire au service de l'affirmation de la vocation régionale du Centre. Depuis Sanaa ou Paris, chercheurs, doctorants ou stagiaires, de l'Ecole normale supérieure, de l'INALCO, de l'Université de Sanaa et de bon nombre d'institu...

  12. 2010 Election Administration and Voting Survey

    Data.gov (United States)

    Election Assistance Commission — This dataset contains data about domestic absentee voting, provisional balloting, poll books, polling place, precincts, poll workers, and voting technology used in...

  13. 2008 Election Administration and Voting Survey

    Data.gov (United States)

    Election Assistance Commission — This dataset contains data about domestic absentee voting, provisional balloting, poll books, polling place, precincts, poll workers, and voting technology used in...

  14. Respirators: APR Issuer Self Study 33461

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chochoms, Michael [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2016-07-13

    Respirators: APR Issuer Self-Study (course 33461) is designed to introduce and familiarize employees selected as air-purifying respirator (APR) issuers at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) with the responsibilities, limitations, procedures, and resources for issuing APRs at LANL. The goal is to enable these issuers to consistently provide proper, functioning APRs to authorized users

  15. THE RIGHT TO VOTE AND BREACH OF VOTING SECRECY

    OpenAIRE

    Radu-Florin GEAMĂNU

    2015-01-01

    The article is meant to be a brief overview of the legal provisions concerning the right to vote, encompassing both the national provisions and the international standards. The scientific approach also includes the fixation of the standards in the field of the right to vote, as defined in the European Court of Human Rights case-law. Due attention will be granted to the provisions on the breach of voting secrecy, provided for in the current Criminal Code, which entered into force on the 1st of...

  16. Retiring from Voting

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bhatti, Yosef; Hansen, Kasper Møller

    2012-01-01

    elections, we show how turnout for seniors falls more than 30 percentage points between ages 60 and 90. Though declining health matters, it is far from the entire story. Much of the turnout decline can be explained by the disruption of social ties. Withdrawing from the labour market demobilizes people......The Western population is growing older. Nevertheless, few studies examine the manner in which seniors are gradually demobilized from voting, partly because they are difficult to reach with surveys. Using a unique government records dataset of the actual turnout from the 2009 Danish municipal...... age than men, since women live longer and are typically younger than their husbands. Older generations of women are also less educated and have lower job market affiliation than men....

  17. La thèse de Paul DEMANGEON un demi-siècle après : une relecture actualisée dans le bassin de l'Orb (Languedoc, France)

    OpenAIRE

    Jean-Pierre Larue; Robert Étienne

    2008-01-01

    En utilisant les données de P. DEMANGEON (1959), les connaissances acquises sur le métamorphisme de la Montagne Noire et nos propres résultats, ce travail met en évidence les variations des spectres minéralogiques dans la sédimentation néogène du piémont languedocien avant de les expliquer par l'érosion et la tectonique. Les rapports entre les aplanissements et les accumulations sédimentaires sont analysés. La sédimentation fine du bassin de Cruzy-Montouliers témoigne d'une morphogenèse calme...

  18. le des racines profondes dans la récupération après un stress hydrique sévère de mélanges prairiaux

    OpenAIRE

    Picon-Cochard, Catherine; Hernandez, Pauline

    2015-01-01

    L’effet de complémentarité observé sur la biomasse aérienne des mélanges prairiaux conduit en général à une utilisation plus complète des ressources. En revanche la réponse de la biomasse des racines des mélanges reste moins claire à cause d’un manque de données. Sous stress hydrique sévère, les racines profondes (> 50 cm) jouent un rôle clé pour augmenter la résistance à la sécheresse des espèces ainsi que leur récupération tandis que les racines de surface (0-20 cm) sont soumises à un stres...

  19. One Share–One Vote

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eklund, Johan Erik; Poulsen, Thomas

    2014-01-01

    Many European companies use some type of control-enhancing mechanism, such as dual class shares or a pyramid ownership structure. Such mechanisms cause deviations from the one share–one vote principle, allocating more voting rights than cash flow rights to some shares and, in turn, providing the...... deviations from the one share–one vote principle. We argue that previous studies suffer from a measurement problem caused by the use of a simplistic notion of disproportionality, and then we show that the effect of control-enhancing mechanisms on firm value has been overestimated in previous studies....

  20. Improving Remote Voting Security with CodeVoting

    OpenAIRE

    Joaquim, Rui; Ribeiro, Carlos; Ferreira, Paulo

    2010-01-01

    One of the major problems that prevents the spread of elections with the possibility of remote voting over electronic networks, also called Internet Voting, is the use of unreliable client platforms, such as the voter’s computer and the Internet infrastructure connecting it to the election server. A computer connected to the Internet is exposed to viruses, worms, Trojans, spyware, malware and other threats that can compromise the election’s integrity. For instance, it is pos...

  1. 7 CFR 7.12 - Tie votes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Tie votes. 7.12 Section 7.12 Agriculture Office of the..., COUNTY AND COMMUNITY COMMITTEES § 7.12 Tie votes. (a) Tie votes in community committee elections held by mail or polling place method shall be settled by lot. Tie votes in such elections held by the...

  2. Vulnerability analysis of three remote voting methods

    CERN Document Server

    Enguehard, Chantal

    2009-01-01

    This article analyses three methods of remote voting in an uncontrolled environment: postal voting, internet voting and hybrid voting. It breaks down the voting process into different stages and compares their vulnerabilities considering criteria that must be respected in any democratic vote: confidentiality, anonymity, transparency, vote unicity and authenticity. Whether for safety or reliability, each vulnerability is quantified by three parameters: size, visibility and difficulty to achieve. The study concludes that the automatisation of treatments combined with the dematerialisation of the objects used during an election tends to substitute visible vulnerabilities of a lesser magnitude by invisible and widespread vulnerabilities.

  3. Vote-share Contracts and Democracy

    OpenAIRE

    Gersbach, Hans

    2007-01-01

    In this paper we introduce vote-share contracts. Such contracts contain a vote-share threshold that incumbents must reach in order to be reelected. In a simple model, we illustrate the working of vote-share contracts. Such vote-share contracts curb socially detrimental incumbency advantages by improving the average ability level of re-elected politicians and also increase effort. We show that the socially optimal vote-share threshold for incumbents is larger than one half. Competing candidate...

  4. A Survey of Remote Internet Voting Vulnerabilities

    OpenAIRE

    Okediran O. O; Olabiyisi S. O.; Omidiora E. O.; Ganiyu R. A

    2011-01-01

    Majority of the conventional voting techniques have been employed over the years in elections. Each of these techniques had attendant short comings. The existing conventional voting systems have been subjected to gross abuse and irregularities. Electronic voting which is emerging as an alternative to these conventional voting systems, though highly promising is not free of flaws; remote internet voting systems still suffer from many security problems which rely on the clients, the servers, an...

  5. Voting on Road Congestion Policy

    OpenAIRE

    Russo, Antonio

    2012-01-01

    We study the political economy of urban traffic policy. We consider a city and its suburbs. The city decides, by majority voting, on a parking charge in the Central Business District (CBD) and restrictions on road space dedicated to cars. City and suburbs vote on road pricing in the CBD. Results include the following. When the majority of city voters prefers cars to public transport sufficiently more than the average voter, car charges and space restrictions are smaller than optimal. If the s...

  6. The Computer Ate My Vote

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ryan, Peter Y. A.

    Public confidence in voting technologies has been badly shaken over the past years by, amongst other events, the problems with the 2000 and 2004 US presidential elections and the 2007 French presidential election. Serious vulnerabilities have been exposed and documented in all the existing electronic voting systems. Many of these systems use proprietary, protected code and the voters and election officials are expected to take assurances of the suppliers and certifiers on trust.

  7. The Mechanism of Voting Efficiency

    OpenAIRE

    Schouten, M.C.

    2010-01-01

    In the wake of the financial crisis, shareholders are increasingly relied upon to monitor directors. But while much has been written about directors' flawed judgments, remarkably little is known about shareholders' ability to make accurate judgments. What determines whether shareholders make the right decision when asked to vote on, say, a merger? This paper takes a novel approach to this question by drawing an analogy between corporate voting and another system to aggregate information on es...

  8. Le pétrole et son évolution après un épandage accidentel en mer. I. L'évolution primaire Oil and How It Evolves After an Accidental Offshore Spill. I. Primary Evolution

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bocart C.

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available Cet article fait l'état des connaissances sur l'évolution au cours des premiers jours d'une coupe pétrolière accidentellement répandue en mer. Cette évolution primaire se fait sous les influences simultanées de l'étalement, de l'évaporation, de la dissolution, de la dispersion et parfois de la sédimentation. Au cours de cette évolution les modifications de la composition chimique des coupes pétrolières se traduisent par de nouvelles propriétés physiques, qui à leur tour influent sur le comportement du pétrole en mer. Un second article doit faire l'état des connaissances sur la suite des modifications que peut subir la coupe pétrolière quand, n'ayant pas disparu ou n'ayant pu être, ramassée, elle continue à évoluer. This article reviews what is known about how on ail cut evolves during the first few days after having been accidentally spilled of sea. This initial evolution occurs under the simultaneous influences of spreading, evaporation, dissolution, dispersion and sometimes sédimentation. During this evolution, changes in the chemical composition of cil cuts are revealed by new physical properties which in turn influence the behavior of ail at sec. A second article will review what is known about the subsequent changes the ail cut moy undergo as if continues to evolve when it hos not disopoeared or been, oicked up.

  9. La thèse de Paul DEMANGEON un demi-siècle après : une relecture actualisée dans le bassin de l'Orb (Languedoc, France

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-Pierre Larue

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available En utilisant les données de P. DEMANGEON (1959, les connaissances acquises sur le métamorphisme de la Montagne Noire et nos propres résultats, ce travail met en évidence les variations des spectres minéralogiques dans la sédimentation néogène du piémont languedocien avant de les expliquer par l'érosion et la tectonique. Les rapports entre les aplanissements et les accumulations sédimentaires sont analysés. La sédimentation fine du bassin de Cruzy-Montouliers témoigne d'une morphogenèse calme favorable au façonnement d'un vaste aplanissement miocène bien conservé à Villespassans. La crise messinienne et un soulèvement du socle accompagné de déformations souples, à la charnière mio-pliocène, expliquent l'arrivée massive de staurotide dans la sédimentation du piémont.A half-century after the P. DEMANGEON thesis (1959 and despite numerous researches concerning the southern Central Massif, there are no certitudes about the chronology of the erosion surfaces and the uplift stages of the Massif Central. The use of P. DEMANGEON data, advances in the Montagne Noire metamorphism (M. DEMANGE, 1998 and our own results allows us to record mineralogical variations in the Neogene Languedocian piedmont (Tab. I, Fig. 3, then to explain them by erosion and tectonics in the Orb basin. A north-south cross-section in the Saint-Chinianais is used to analyse relationships between erosion surfaces and piedmont deposits (Fig. 1, 4, 5.A sharp change in the heavy minerals composition occurs between Miocene and Pliocene: tourmaline which dominated during the Miocene is replaced by staurolite during the Pliocene (Fig. 3. The figure 2 shows that this massive arrival of staurolite takes place when erosion reaches the X 14 and X 15 micaschists which are thrusted by the Cambro-Ordovician Avant-Monts.The fine sedimentation in the Cruzy-Montouliers basin shows that a low morphogenesis occurred from the Burdigalian to the Tortonian and was

  10. Diagnostic Strategy in APR1400

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    These features may bring out changes in operator tasks, changing the characteristics of tasks, or creating new tasks. Diagnostic strategy for identifying anomaly may be different especially in APR1400 from that in the analog control room due to the change of human-system interface, i.e. alarm system and display system. Since the first plant of APR1400 is being built at this moment, it is not known what strategies the operators will adopt in diagnosis tasks in the new operating environment. In this light, this paper aims at investigating operator's diagnostic strategies which are appropriate for APR1400. In order to collect data, several different approaches which are complementary are used to identify diagnostic strategies in the digital control room: analysis on audio/video recording of operation, observation in the simulator, and interview with the operators. The result shows that the digital control room introduces new strategies in the diagnosis, compared with the analog control room, and also changed the characteristics of strategies, mostly, by getting more support from the computerized system. This paper investigated how the digitalized control room may influence operator's diagnostic strategies. Several different approaches, i. e., audio/video record, observation of training, and the interview with operators, were used to gather information about the operator's behaviors. As a conclusion, this paper figured out that the digital control room introduces new strategies in the diagnosis, compared with the analog control room, and also changed the characteristics of the strategies, mostly, by getting more support from the computerized system. The operators interviewed also commented that the diagnosis in the APR1400 is quicker, more correct, and easier, compared with the analog control room

  11. Lula II, un vote de reconnaissance

    OpenAIRE

    Monclaire, Stéphane

    2016-01-01

    L’élection présidentielle brésilienne d’octobre 2006 a été aisément remportée par le président Lula. Au même moment, le Parti des travailleurs (formation dont Lula est le chef historique) a, pour la première fois de son histoire, reculé en nombre de voix lors des élections législatives. À ce décalage s’ajoute la nette métamorphose de la distribution spatiale et sociale du vote Lula. Pourquoi Lula a-t-il obtenu tant de voix au plan national, tout en baissant dans les groupes sociaux et les rég...

  12. Tax Salience, Voting, and Deliberation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sausgruber, Rupert; Tyran, Jean-Robert

    Tax incentives can be more or less salient, i.e. noticeable or cognitively easy to process. Our hypothesis is that taxes on consumers are more salient to consumers than equivalent taxes on sellers because consumers underestimate the extent of tax shifting in the market. We show that tax salience...... biases consumers' voting on tax regimes, and that experience is an effective de-biasing mechanism in the experimental laboratory. Pre-vote deliberation makes initially held opinions more extreme rather than correct and does not eliminate the bias in the typical committee. Yet, if voters can discuss their...... experience with the tax regimes they are less likely to be biased....

  13. Embedded Based Electronic Voting Machine Using Password

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Varkala Vinay,

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The Electronic voting machine plays a key role in elections. The Earlier EVM’S needs more man power, time and mislead the voting scenario due to influence of local people vote and after voting the other may vote only after the Password is set then the system gets ready to accept the polling. After completion of the polling we may make the system to reset .If the person is authenticated then the vote is issued and the polling process is done using buzzer system, else that denies the process. At every regular intervals of time the polled votes are recorded and give the count that how many votes are casted through LCD. This system gives an efficient way to conduct elections and display the results on the same day.

  14. Thai Electoral Campaigning: Vote-Canvassing Networks and Hybrid Voting

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anyarat Chattharakul

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Based on evidence gathered through participant observation, this article illuminates the nature of vote-canvassing, previously a black box in Thai electoral studies. Offering a close-up study of the internal mechanisms of an individual Thai election campaign, this article reveals that vote-canvasser networks are underpinned by long-term dyadic relationships, both hierarchical and horizontal, between the candidate, vote-canvassers and voters. These networks continue to be the most important factor in winning elections. This article documents how candidates draw up an election campaign map and identify voters along residential lines to maximise their vote-canvassing strategy. The findings of this article challenge Anek’s 1996 concept of “two democracies”, which argues that rural voters are influenced by money, local leaders, political factions and corrupt politicians while more well-educated, urban, middle-class voters are more oriented toward the alternative policies offered by competing parties. The case study of Kom’s election campaign showed that the role of the much-vaunted middle-class voters is not decisive, even in suburban areas of Bangkok. While political marketing has grown in importance in Thai elections, it has not displaced traditional electoral practices. Thai society is, in fact, deeply fragmented and diverse – too complex to be divided in such a simplistic manner. This article suggests that rather than undergoing a linear transformation, political hybridisation is a key trend in Thai election campaigns.

  15. Evaluating e-voting: theory and practice

    OpenAIRE

    Bokslag, Wouter; de Vries, Manon

    2016-01-01

    In the Netherlands as well as many other countries, the use of electronic voting solutions is a recurrent topic of discussion. While electronic voting certainly has advantages over paper voting, there are also important risks involved. This paper presents an analysis of benefits and risks of electronic voting, and shows the relevance of these issues by means of three case studies of real-world implementations. Additionally, techniques that may be employed to improve upon many of the current s...

  16. 77 FR 57486 - Federal Voting Assistance Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-18

    ... advertise voting assistance programs to encourage service members to register and subsequently vote by... vote. Embassies and consulates will also inform and educate U.S. citizens regarding their right to..., programs to inform and educate U.S. citizens outside of the United States, and provision of...

  17. Truthful approximations to range voting

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Filos-Ratsika, Aris; Miltersen, Peter Bro

    We consider the fundamental mechanism design problem of approximate social welfare maximization under general cardinal preferences on a finite number of alternatives and without money. The well-known range voting scheme can be thought of as a non-truthful mechanism for exact social welfare maximi...

  18. Vote Counting as Mathematical Proof

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schürmann, Carsten; Pattinson, Dirk

    then consists of a sequence (or tree) of rule applications and provides an independently checkable certificate of the validity of the result. This reduces the need to trust, or otherwise verify, the correctness of the vote counting software once the certificate has been validated. Using a rule...

  19. Innovative Way of Internet Voting - Secure On-line Vote - SOLV

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shalini Vermani

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available With the rapid growth in Information Technology, internet voting system has been evolved. This is a web based system that must provide high level of security. In this paper we have proposed Secure On-line Vote (SOLV, an internet voting system. SOLV gives voters a reliable and highly secure environment to cast their vote on web. This system ensures authentication of voters and guarantees the secrecy and integrity of each vote.

  20. Innovative Way of Internet Voting - Secure On-line Vote - SOLV

    OpenAIRE

    Shalini Vermani; Neetu Sardana

    2012-01-01

    With the rapid growth in Information Technology, internet voting system has been evolved. This is a web based system that must provide high level of security. In this paper we have proposed Secure On-line Vote (SOLV), an internet voting system. SOLV gives voters a reliable and highly secure environment to cast their vote on web. This system ensures authentication of voters and guarantees the secrecy and integrity of each vote.

  1. Aspects architecturaux de la transformation de Hà Nội après le Đổi mới (1986 : contradictions, phantasmes, espoirs Architectural Aspects of Hà Nội’s Transformation after Đổi mới (1986: Contradictions, Fantasies, Hopes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heinz Schütte

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Depuis le Đổi mới, c’est-à-dire depuis la progressive libéralisation de l’économie vietnamienne, Hà Nội a connu de profondes mutations. Après des décennies de guerres et l’échec de la mise en place d’un système économique socialiste, des changements radicaux se sont opérés dans le paysage urbain de Hà Nội. Ces modifications sont visibles dans le bâti urbain pour tout visiteur de la ville. Cet article tente de montrer que, contrairement aux apparences, ce processus de transformation n’est ni aléatoire ni chaotique, mais qu’il suit une logique historique et culturelle, et qu’il ne peut être réduit à un phénomène de globalisation. Les riches villas du Lac de l’Ouest sont représentatives des valeurs d’une nouvelle classe sociale qui a émergé suite au Đổi mới. Les mutations architecturales de la ville reflètent les changements sociaux : la ville tend à devenir un lieu de consommation alors que les riches villas se bâtissent à sa périphérie, bouleversant ainsi l’organisation de l’espace traditionnel.Ever since Đổi mới, the arrival of capitalist market forms, and the evolution of corresponding social relations, Hà Nội has undergone a dramatic upheaval. After revolutions, wars and the failure of centralized economy, we are currently witnessing a radical change from pre-modernity to the modernity of a globalized age. The consequences are perceptible when strolling through Hà Nội’s streets and talking to the capital’s inhabitants. This article attempts to demonstrate that the process of transformation is not as random or chaotic, as it may seem, but that it follows a logic that can be historically categorized. The posh new villas on West Lake and their upwardly mobile owners represent new, syncretic values; the origins of family businesses are carefully hidden; the individual activities in the 36 guild streets of the Old Quarter; these are all testaments to change that

  2. Application of Biometrics in Mobile Voting

    OpenAIRE

    Donovan Gentles; Suresh Sankaranarayanan

    2012-01-01

    Voting process in today’s era is behind its time in respect of the usage of modern ICT. The voting process is being seen mostly as a manual and paper based one. This process can be overwhelming, time-consuming and prone to security breaches and electoral fraud. Over the years technology related systems were being developed to resolve some of the issues like electoral fraud, impersonation, double voting etc. One such system is Electronic based voting that has been actively used for voting in c...

  3. Écrire (d’après

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Denis Saint-Amand

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available De l’allusion à la citation, de l’emprunt criard au plagiat déguisé, les jeux d’influences et d’aller-retour avec tel ou tel modèle, grand ou mineur, ont toujours participé de l’élaboration du texte littéraire. Si l’intertextualité est sans aucun doute née en même temps que l’écriture (ou quelques minutes après et que, comme ont pu le montrer notamment Jacques-Philippe Saint-Gérand et Daniel Sangsue, les facettes multiples qu’elle déploie ont toujours suscité l’attention des hommes de lettre...

  4. Écrire (d’)après

    OpenAIRE

    Denis Saint-Amand

    2009-01-01

    De l’allusion à la citation, de l’emprunt criard au plagiat déguisé, les jeux d’influences et d’aller-retour avec tel ou tel modèle, grand ou mineur, ont toujours participé de l’élaboration du texte littéraire. Si l’intertextualité est sans aucun doute née en même temps que l’écriture (ou quelques minutes après) et que, comme ont pu le montrer notamment Jacques-Philippe Saint-Gérand et Daniel Sangsue, les facettes multiples qu’elle déploie ont toujours suscité l’attention des hommes de lettre...

  5. Challenges of Electronic Voting - A Survey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aboubakr Ebrahim Elewa

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Electronic Voting (e-Voting is the most important application in e-Government and e-Democracy. Thanks to the rapid growth in the use of computers and advances in cryptography, it is a serious push for e-Voting because many people already have access to the Internet. e-Voting can be the fastest, cheapest, and most effective way to administer the election, count the votes, and report the results. The main purpose of this paper is to highlight the major challenges facing e-Voting systems, introduce different ideas to face those challenge from different countries, and to explore the advantages and disadvantages of those ideas. Each of the challenges presented in this paper must be taken into account in crafting a legal framework for e-Voting to prevent harm before balloting is concluded.

  6. Pool-site E-voting Security

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ciprian Ezeanu

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to present e-voting procedure describing its advantages and disadvantages. Conventional security measures such as firewalls or SSL communications are necessary but not sufficient to guarantee the specific security requirements of e-voting. Besides these conventional security measures, it is also necessary to implement an additional layer of specialized security technology to address the specific risks posed by electronic voting and guarantee critical security requirements such as voters’ privacy, vote integrity and voter-verifiability. Analyzing the security of Diebold AccuVote-TS voting machine it was observed the vulnerabilities of this machine to different classes of attacks like: vote-stealing attack, Denial-of-Service (DoS attack and injecting attack code.

  7. Le paradoxe pascalien

    OpenAIRE

    Weinmann, Peter

    2016-01-01

    En 1936, Hugo Friedrich publie dans la Zeitschrift für Romanische Philologie un article intitulé « Le paradoxe de Pascal », qui est le fruit d’un cours sur Pascal donné deux ans auparavant. Friedrich est alors un jeune maître de conférence (Privatdozent) qui après la publication de sa thèse sur L’Abbé Prévost en Allemagne en 1929 (sous la direction du romaniste Karl Voßler) occupe depuis 1934 son premier poste d’enseignant à l’université de Cologne. Le contexte politique de l’époque a évidemm...

  8. Morphological Disambiguation by Voting Constraints

    CERN Document Server

    Oflazer, K; Oflazer, Kemal; Tur, Gokhan

    1997-01-01

    We present a constraint-based morphological disambiguation system in which individual constraints vote on matching morphological parses, and disambiguation of all the tokens in a sentence is performed at the end by selecting parses that receive the highest votes. This constraint application paradigm makes the outcome of the disambiguation independent of the rule sequence, and hence relieves the rule developer from worrying about potentially conflicting rule sequencing. Our results for disambiguating Turkish indicate that using about 500 constraint rules and some additional simple statistics, we can attain a recall of 95-96% and a precision of 94-95% with about 1.01 parses per token. Our system is implemented in Prolog and we are currently investigating an efficient implementation based on finite state transducers.

  9. Voting Districts and Minority Representation

    OpenAIRE

    Kousser, J. Morgan

    1999-01-01

    In 1872, in the first congressional reapportionment after African-Americans won the right to vote everywhere in the country, white North Carolina Democrats packed blacks into a strangely-shaped, over-populated, predominantly black congressional district in a racially discriminatory and partisan effort to minimize the influence of black Republican voters. Neither this nor any of the myriad of other nineteenth century anti-black racial gerrymanders was challenged in court. 120 ye...

  10. Voting on Mass Immigration Restriction

    OpenAIRE

    Francesco Magris; Giuseppe Russo

    2004-01-01

    We study how immigration policies are determined under voting in a model where immigration redistributes income from wages to capital. Migration decisions are endogenous, there exist border enforcement costs and preference for home-country consumption. We model the migration policy as a pure entry rationing rather than a necessarily porous screening system. Unlike the existing results of polarization, our findings show that preferences about frontier closure are distributed on a continuum, go...

  11. Minorities, social capital and voting

    OpenAIRE

    Bevelander, Pieter; Pendakur, Ravi

    2007-01-01

    It is widely held that voter turnout among immigrants and ethnic minorities is lower than among the native born. The goal of our paper is to explore the determinants of voting, comparing immigrant, minority and majority citizens in Canada. We use the 2002 wave of the Equality Security Community Survey to explore the relationship between personal characteristics (age, sex, education, and household type) work characteristics, social capital attributes (trust in government, belonging, civic awar...

  12. Buying Votes and International Organizations

    OpenAIRE

    Dreher, Axel; Vreeland, James Raymond

    2011-01-01

    This study explores a basic idea in political economy: Trading money for political influence. Our focus is at the level of international institutions, where governments may exploit their influence in one organization to gain leverage over another. In particular, we consider the lending activities of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and voting behavior at the United Nations Security Council (UNSC). Analyzing an original dataset on the successful and failed resolutions of the UNSC, we find...

  13. Secured Transparent Computerized Voting System performance measurements

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Enas Elbarbary

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, a multipurpose Secured Transparent Computerized Voting System (STCVS is proposed. STCVS introduces an improvement methodology to the regular election systems. It could handle electronic ballots with multiple scopes at the same time, e.g., presidential, parliamentary, local, amongst others. STCVS's design warrants well-secured identification and authentication processes for the voter via using voter's digital signatures, certificates. Also, it guarantees voting data protection via encryption. Tallying of the voting counts is achieved automatically; candidates recorded percentages are displayed as charts for the supervision trusted parties. STCVS eliminates counting errors, voting duplication, and vote attack raised in paper-based elections systems. Voting transparency is achieved through the election process steps to assure voting credibility. This is confirmed by a feedback e-mail that the voter receives after finalizing the voting process. In addition, the proposed system saves the huge budget required for authentication devices, Electronic Voting Machines (EVM that consist similar voting systems. To evaluate the robustness and reliability of the proposed system, performance measurements were achieved by applying the Avalanche Effect (AE tests. Results of these measurements show the degree of security and the performance of the proposed system.

  14. Dominating Manipulations in Voting with Partial Information

    CERN Document Server

    Conitzer, Vincent; Xia, Lirong

    2011-01-01

    We consider manipulation problems when the manipulator only has partial information about the votes of the nonmanipulators. Such partial information is described by an information set, which is the set of profiles of the nonmanipulators that are indistinguishable to the manipulator. Given such an information set, a dominating manipulation is a non-truthful vote that the manipulator can cast which makes the winner at least as preferable (and sometimes more preferable) as the winner when the manipulator votes truthfully. When the manipulator has full information, computing whether or not there exists a dominating manipulation is in P for many common voting rules (by known results). We show that when the manipulator has no information, there is no dominating manipulation for many common voting rules. When the manipulator's information is represented by partial orders and only a small portion of the preferences are unknown, computing a dominating manipulation is NP-hard for many common voting rules. Our results t...

  15. 12 CFR 611.330 - Confidentiality in voting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ..., or any other person except: (1) An independent third party tabulating the vote; or (2) The Farm... if the votes are tabulated by an independent third party. In weighted voting, the votes must be tabulated by an independent third party. An independent third party that tabulates the votes must certify...

  16. Regional Banking Instability and FOMC Voting

    OpenAIRE

    Eichler, Stefan; Lähner, Tom; Noth, Felix

    2016-01-01

    This study analyzes if regionally affiliated Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC) members take their districts' regional banking sector instability into account when they vote. Considering the period from 1978 to 2010, we find that a deterioration in a district's bank health increases the probability that this district's representative in the FOMC votes to ease interest rates. According to member-specific characteristics, the effect of regional banking sector instability on FOMC voting behavi...

  17. Le transmedia storytelling

    OpenAIRE

    Bourdaa, Mélanie

    2015-01-01

    En proposant une réflexion sur le transmedia storytelling, ce dossier de la revue Terminal envisage d'explorer les modalités et les enjeux de cette stratégie des industries culturelles et médiatiques, à partir des recherches de Henry Jenkins. En 2003, Henry Jenkins a proposé une définition du transmedia storytelling après avoir analysé les dispositifs, numériques ou non numériques, d'extension de la narration autour de la trilogie des films Matrix. Pour lui, ces films représentaient, du fait ...

  18. Application of Biometrics in Mobile Voting

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Donovan Gentles

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Voting process in today’s era is behind its time in respect of the usage of modern ICT. The voting process is being seen mostly as a manual and paper based one. This process can be overwhelming, time-consuming and prone to security breaches and electoral fraud. Over the years technology related systems were being developed to resolve some of the issues like electoral fraud, impersonation, double voting etc. One such system is Electronic based voting that has been actively used for voting in countries like India. However, these systems seem to be prone to electoral frauds and voters have to make tremendous effort to cast their ballots. There are still a few very important areas which have to be identified and addressed viz., the Security which involves a person be able to vote in a secure manner, the time spent for voting by voters, the efficiency in counting of votes and the cost involved in employing people towards monitoring the voting process. So taking these areas/issues into consideration we have now come with the biometrics authenticated mobile voting system, to start with for a country like Jamaica. The technology being proposed now is novel and the first of its kind proposed at present. It is proposed that using fingerprint supported biometric control information and encryption along with Secure Socket Layer i.e. SSL using VeriSign, would make the software involved in the voting process well secured. In addition tying the credentials to a mobile device will make the system even more robust. We have considered the mobile equipment for the present system development, a smart phone using Android 3.0 (Honeycomb. The details of the proposed development are presented in this paper.

  19. Le collisionneur du futur?

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN Audiovisual Service

    2009-01-01

    Pourquoi deux études parallèles pour un même collisionneur linéaire ? Loin d’être un double effort et un gaspillage de ressources, ces deux études s’inscrivent dans une stratégie de complémentarité afin de fournir la meilleure technologie requise par la physique du futur. Vendredi 12 juin a eu lieu au CERN la première réunion conjointe CLIC et ILC. Elle n’a pas été avare de bons résultats et d’importantes décisions. Le Collisionneur Linéaire International (ILC) et le Collisionneur Linéaire Compact (CLIC) sont deux études qui font, tous deux, appel à des technologies de pointe. A première vue en compétition, les deux études sont en réalité complémentaires et elles ont un objectif commun : proposer dans les plus brefs délais et au moindre coût, l‘accélérateur linéaire le mieux adapté pour prendre le relais de la physique des très hautes énergies après le LHC.

  20. Mechanistic studies of APR-246 in leukemia

    OpenAIRE

    Ali, Dina Mahmoud

    2013-01-01

    PRIMA-1and its analog APR-246 are novel drugs that restore the active conformation of mutated and unfolded p53 protein and induce apoptosis and cell death in various tumors in pre-clinical models. We first aimed to explore the effects of APR-246 alone and in combination with other drugs in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in vitro. APR-246 induced dose-dependent apoptosis and increased active caspase-3 and p53 protein levels as well as the Bax/Bcl-2 ratio independently of TP53...

  1. Static Validation of a Voting Protocol

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Christoffer Rosenkilde; Andersen, Esben Heltoft; Nielson, Hanne Riis

    The desired security properties of electronic voting protocols include verifiability, accuracy, democracy and fairness. In this paper we use a static program analysis tool to validate these properties for one of the classical voting protocols under appropriate assumptions. The protocol is...

  2. A NOVEL VOTING SYSTEM USING SMS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.Kamaraju

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Electronic voting systems have the potential to improve traditional voting procedures by providing added convenience and flexibility to the voter. Numerous electronic voting schemes have been proposed in the past, but most of them have failed to provide voter authentication in an efficient and transparent way. On the other hand, GSM (Global System for Mobile communications is the most widely used mobile networking standard. There are more than one billion GSM users worldwide that represent a large user potential not for mobile telephony, but also for other mobile applications that exploit the mature GSM infrastructure. In this paper, the electronic voting scheme using GSM mobile technology is presented. By integrating an electronic voting scheme with the GSM infrastructure, we are able to exploit existing GSM authentication mechanisms and provide enhanced voter authentication and mobility while maintaining voter privacy. The objective of this project is to avoid the queue in voting time. Voting machines provide easy access to cast the vote by using mobile phone.

  3. Civitas: Toward a Secure Voting System

    OpenAIRE

    Clarkson, Michael R.; Chong, Stephen N; Myers, Andrew C.

    2008-01-01

    Civitas is the first electronic voting system that is coercion-resistant, universally and voter verifiable, and suitable for remote voting. This paper describes the design and implementation of Civitas. Assurance is established in the design through security proofs, and in the implementation through information-flow security analysis. Experimental results give a quantitative evaluation of the tradeoffs between time, cost, and security.

  4. Getting Out the Vote With Evaluative Thinking

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bhatti, Yosef; Dahlgaard, Jens Olav; Hansen, Jonas Hedegaard;

    2015-01-01

    across population groups, and the effects of the treatments were strongest for individuals with the lowest initial propensity to vote. Costeffectiveness analysis indicated that the price of an additional vote was approximately USD$136. Our findings influenced policy design and helped establish the...

  5. Inferring Hawks and Doves from Voting Records

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Eijffinger, S.C.W.; Mahieu, R.J.; Raes, L.B.D.

    2013-01-01

    Abstract: We analyze revealed policy preferences in monetary policy committees. From the voting records of the Bank of England we estimate the policy preferences with spatial models of voting. We analyze systematic patterns in these policy preferences. We find that internal committee members tend to

  6. Inferring Hawks and Doves from Voting Records

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Eijffinger, S.C.W.; Mahieu, R.J.; Raes, L.B.D.

    2013-01-01

    Abstract: In this paper we estimate spatial voting models for the analysis of the voting record of the monetary policy committee of the Bank of England. We use a exible Bayesian approach for estimating such models. A simple modifi cation to the standard spatial model as well as a variety of model ch

  7. The wonders of CERN need your vote!

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    Two of CERN's creations were chosen by the US news group CNN as their 'seven wonders of the modern world'. The LHC and the World Wide Web are among the leading entries you can vote for to find the greatest wonder of all. Cast your vote at: http://edition.cnn.com/SPECIALS/2006/modern.wonders/

  8. Your vote counts when you remember Selma

    OpenAIRE

    Power, Anne

    2015-01-01

    Anne Power marched from Selma half a century ago to protest the unequal treatment of black people in America and to fight for their ability to vote. Ahead of the UK’s General Election, she writes that Selma should remind us all that our right to have a say is precious and voting matters.

  9. Supplementary vote; analysis, applications, and alternatives

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kolk, van der Henk

    2008-01-01

    The Supplementary Vote (SV) was invented as a compromise between the two-round runoff system and the alternative vote. This paper shows that in many ways it is not. Under SV voters rank order a limited number of candidates. If one candidate is supported by over 50% of the voters he/she is declared t

  10. Bucklin Voting is Broadly Resistant to Control

    CERN Document Server

    Erdélyi, Gábor; Rothe, Jörg

    2010-01-01

    Electoral control models ways of changing the outcome of an election via such actions as adding/deleting/partitioning either candidates or voters. These actions modify an election's participation structure and aim at either making a favorite candidate win ("constructive control") or prevent a despised candidate from winning ("destructive control"), which yields a total of 22 standard control scenarios. To protect elections from such control attempts, computational complexity has been used to show that electoral control, though not impossible, is computationally prohibitive. Among natural voting systems with a polynomial-time winner problem, the two systems with the highest number of proven resistances to control types (namely 19 out of 22) are "sincere-strategy preference-based approval voting" (SP-AV, a modification of a system proposed by Brams and Sanver) and fallback voting. Both are hybrid systems; e.g., fallback voting combines approval with Bucklin voting. In this paper, we study the control complexity...

  11. Le complexe espagnol

    OpenAIRE

    Álvarez-Ossorio Alvariño, Ignacio

    2005-01-01

    L’Arabe et le musulman sont depuis des siècles présentés en Occident comme l’adversaire et le protagoniste de l’Occident. Ce phénomène s’est encore accentué dans les temps modernes. La dislocation de l’URSS et la montée en puissance de l’islam ont dynamisé ces rivalités ancestrales. Aussi, tout un courant de l’opinion publique occidentale voit dans les musulmans une menace, cette perception s’étant encore accentuée après les attentats de New York, de Madrid et de Londres. La presse e...

  12. La torture judiciaire dans le droit romano-byzantin

    OpenAIRE

    Karabelias, Evangélos

    2009-01-01

    Étude thématique sur le développement, les conditions et la pratique de la torture dans le cadre judiciaire à Byzance d’après les grands textes juridiques. Thematic study on development, conditions and practice of judicial torture in Byzantium, following major judicial texts.

  13. Concentration des droits de propriété, séparation entre participation au capital et contrôle des votes et performance opérationnelle des sociétés:une étude canadienne

    OpenAIRE

    Yves Bozec; Claude Laurin

    2004-01-01

    (VF)La relation qui existe entre la concentration des droits de vote et la performance des sociétés canadiennes est non monotone, reflétant à la fois les avantages et les inconvénients de la concentration des droits de propriété. Dans certaines circonstances, la séparation des droits de vote de la participation au capital semble nuire à la performance des sociétés canadiennes. (VA) Tests on whether ownership concentration has an impact on the performance of Canadian firms reveal that the rela...

  14. Egalitarian vs. proportional voting in various contexts: An experimental study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Henry Montgomery

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available The paper reports the results of series of experiments aimed at examining people’s readiness to use proportional voting as opposed to traditional, egalitarian ”one person-one vote“ principle. With proportional voting we understand voting procedures where the number of votes per person are determined based on how much the outcome of the vote influences each voter. In one experiment, the participants where asked to vote on a number of issues using various voting procedures. In addition to the traditional ”one issue—one vote“ procedure, the participants were also offered voting schemes that let them freely divide a pre-assigned total number of votes between issues in various ways. The participants were also asked to evaluate the issues to measure their stakes. In another experiment, the participants were asked to evaluate various voting procedures that pre-assigned votes to different voter groups depending on the stakes of these groups. The voting issues were hypothetical scenarios regarding municipal-level decisions about construction work. Participants evaluated proportional voting procedures more favorably when more information was available about the stakes of those involved in the voting process. The overall results show that, at least in experimental conditions, people are ready to use proportional voting and are equally satisfied with proportional and egalitarian voting procedures. However, the question remains open whether proportianal voting schemes can realistically be introduced into real-life democratic process.DOWNLOAD THIS PAPER FROM SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1742442

  15. Sizewell: the votes in nukes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    White, D.

    1987-01-30

    Public opinion about the building of a PWR power station at Sizewell-B is discussed, in particular, whether it will influence votes in a general election. Public attitudes, it is argued, have changed since the Inquiry, as a result of the debates at the Inquiry. The Government is trying to gain public acceptance by emphasising the number of jobs that Sizewell-B and the other planned PWR reactors will provide. However, it offers no compensation to local people living near the proposed sites. Even if public acceptance is gained, it may be that a PWR reactor is simply too expensive to build. Because of the low rate of return expected on capital invested it is not of interest to commercial companies. Indeed, privatisation is not seen as a possibility for nuclear power plants.

  16. Security System for Mobile Voting with Biometrics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laurentiu Marinescu

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available For centuries, voting has been a democratic right and way to choose our politicians. Nowadays, the voting process became a major issue in order to avoid crucial vulnerabilities like multiple voting, missing ballot papers, electoral fraud and miscount votes in an election. To prevent those leaks in our current voting system and to improve other factors like time-consuming and reducing cost of resources, I decided to implement a secured mobile voting system on android.In today’s era, the number of people that possess a smart-phone is larger and larger and also the advanced stage of technology can concur to a reliable solution for voting.The architecture of this system will contain the mobile application that need to be installed on a mobile device, also will contain a server to compute multiple operations (face detection, face recognition and matching the face with the existing ones, matching unique id of the smart-phone with the one stored in database based on user personal identification number and a server database. Firstly, an introduction about the subject and system is presented. Problem formulation will contain a research about this topic. Solution of the problem is presented in four subsections: architecture of the system, implementation, face recognition verifier and other solutions.

  17. Candide et le physicien

    CERN Document Server

    Espagnat, Bernard d'

    2008-01-01

    Les avancées considérables de la physique d'après guerre n'ont - on le sait - été possibles qu'au prix d'une vraie rupture entre elle et la physique dite " classique ". A quels changements cette rupture nous contraint-elle en ce qui concerne des notions essentielles, telles celles d'espace, de temps, d'objet et d'objectivité ? Quelles en sont les incidences quant à la portée de la connaissance, au rôle de la conscience, aux relations entre science et ontologie ? Ce sont là des questions de fond, fort délicates, auxquelles les personnes de tendance quelque peu philosophique sont plus sensibles que ne le sont les physiciens. Malheureusement, les premières ne disposent normalement pas des connaissances de pointe qui seules permettent d'approfondir de tels problèmes sans trop risquer de s'égarer. Etant donné l'impact que, par ses applications, la science a sur nos vies, nombreux sont ceux qui souhaitent se former une idée plus juste de ce qu'elle implique vraiment. Le présent ouvrage prend la for...

  18. Quantum anonymous voting with anonymity check

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We propose a new protocol for quantum anonymous voting having serious advantages over the existing protocols: it protects both the voters from a curious tallyman and all the participants from a dishonest voter in unconditional way. The central idea of the protocol is that the ballots are given back to the voters after the voting process, which gives a possibility for two voters to check the anonymity of the vote counting process by preparing a special entangled state of two ballots. Any attempt of cheating from the side of the tallyman results in destroying the entanglement, which can be detected by the voters.

  19. La voie foncière et administrative en appui à la voie écologique et agricole pour une gestion décentralisée des ressources naturelles dans le programme Après-Barrages au Sénégal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vincke, PP.

    1994-01-01

    Full Text Available Natural Resources Management, From The Ecological To The Land Tenure And Administrative Process : The "Apres-Barrages" Experience In Senegal. To get over the difficulty of convincing rural population to apply scientifical and technical recommandations related to nature conservation, an institutional process has been initiated in order to create a framework prompting local popular support and that could result in integrated rural space development supported by natural ressources management.

  20. 11 CFR 110.18 - Voting age population.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 11 Federal Elections 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Voting age population. 110.18 Section 110.18... PROHIBITIONS § 110.18 Voting age population. There is annually published by the Department of Commerce in the Federal Register an estimate of the voting age population based on an estimate of the voting...

  1. Coping Capability of APR Against Fukushima Accidents

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Major threats on Fukushima Daiichi plant are earthquake, tsunami, SBO (Station Black Out), and hydrogen burning and explosion. Following the 9.1 magnitude earthquake, tsunami of 15m-height caused Emergency Diesel Generator (EDG) trouble and SBO. APR+ (Advanced Power Reactors Plus) has been basically designed to have the seismic design basis of Safe Shutdown Earthquake (SSE) 0.3g, a 4-train safety concept based on N+2 design philosophy, and a Passive Auxiliary Feedwater System (PAFS). Safety issues on the Fukushima-type accident have been extensively reviewed to enhance APR+ safety. After the review, many items was selected in the APR+ standard design to cope with the accidents. The items can be categorized as follows; Design of structure and equipment against earthquakes and coastal flooding, Integrity of electric power, cooling, and fire protection systems on inundation, Countermeasures against severe accident, and Emergency response and emergency medical systems. The key items include enhancement of seismic design for Main Control Room (MCR) and capability of cooling water intake, improvement of facilities entrance such as a water tight door against tsunami or flood, provision for external cooling water of PCCT (Passive Condensate Cooling Tank), diversity design for emergency electric power sources, and capability extension of a battery for supporting the 72-hour copying time. These items to enhance the safety will have been applied to the APR+ design. Consequently, APR+ can provide higher reliability and safety against tsunami and earthquake

  2. Inefficiency of voting in Parrondo games

    CERN Document Server

    Dinis, L

    2014-01-01

    We study a modification of the so-called Parrondo's paradox where a large number of individuals choose the game they want to play by voting. We show that it can be better for the players to vote randomly than to vote according to their own benefit in one turn. The former yields a winning tendency while the latter results in steady losses. An explanation of this behaviour is given by noting that selfish voting prevents the switching between games that is essential for the total capital to grow. Results for both finite and infinite number of players are presented. It is shown that the extension of the model to the history-dependent Parrondo's paradox also displays the same effect.

  3. 14 CFR 47.8 - Voting trusts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION AIRCRAFT AIRCRAFT... each voting trustee is not a past, present, or prospective director, officer, employee, attorney, or... prospective beneficiary, creditor, debtor, supplier or contractor of any other party to the trust...

  4. Elections, information aggregation, and strategic voting

    OpenAIRE

    Feddersen, Timothy; Pesendorfer, Wolfgang

    1999-01-01

    A central role of elections is the aggregation of information dispersed within a population. This article surveys recent work on elections as mechanisms for aggregating information and on the incentives for voters to vote strategically in such elections.

  5. Education and electoral participation: Reported versus actual voting behaviour

    OpenAIRE

    Ivar Kolstad; Arne Wiig

    2015-01-01

    Using survey data of voters in Tanzania, this paper shows that while education does not affect self-reported voting in general elections, it increases actual voting. The less educated are more likely to claim to have voted without having done so, which may explain why previous studies of voting in developing countries fail to find an effect of education. We demonstrate the importance of this finding by using our survey data to generate predicted voting probabilities for the respondents to the...

  6. Government constraints and economic voting in Greece

    OpenAIRE

    Kosmidis, Spyros

    2013-01-01

    Incumbent parties in Southern Europe experienced losses in their electoral support that came along with a series of economic reforms imposed by the EU and the IMF. However, recent theories of accountability would predict lower levels of economic voting given the limited room left for national governments to manoeuvre the economy. To resolve this puzzle, the paper presents and models quarterly vote intention time series data from Greece (2000–2012) and links it with the state of the economy. T...

  7. Single transferable votes with tax-cuts

    OpenAIRE

    Stensholt, Eivind

    2000-01-01

    Some tally methods for preferential elections are discussed from the following point of view: how well do they respect a wish from the voter that subsidiary votes in the ballot cannot hurt the chances of the ballot’s top-ranked candidate? The tally method of Single Transferable Votes, STV, is constructed to obey this principle without exception, but other defects show up, in particular non-monotonicity, premature eliminations, and free rides. Various modifications of the STV are suggested to ...

  8. Internet Voting for Expatriates: The Swiss Case

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Micha Germann

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available In 2008 the first Swiss canton introduced internet voting for expatriates, thus initiating the second phase in Switzerland’s piecemeal i-voting roll-out. More cantons soon followed, and as of this writing expatriates from 12 out of the 26 cantons can vote online. This paper focuses on the second phase involving expatriates. We address three questions at the core of the internet voting research agenda. First, the popularity question: to what extent do expatriates make use of the new online channel? Second, the ‘who’ question: what is the profile of the typical expatriate i-voter? Finally, the turnout question: did the extension of internet voting to the expatriates have an effect on electoral mobilization? Our findings indicate that the online channel is very popular among expatriates, both if compared to other trials in Switzerland itself and internationally. On the other hand, known patterns regarding the profile of i-voters and the effect on mobilization seem to be also replicated in the expatriate trials. Expatriate i-voters tend to be young, male, and there is some evidence of an upper-class bias. Thus, usage of the online channel seems driven by the digital divide also among expatriates. Moreover, we find some evidence that i-voting did not affect electoral mobilization, similarly to trials involving residents.

  9. Malware Detection with Different Voting Schemes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ms. Jyoti Landage

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available A common way of launching the attack in computer system is Malware. It has malicious intent of performing any kind of malicious action to computer system as a result entire system crashes. It comes in different forms like virus, Trojan , Spyware, Scareware, Adware etc. Traditional malware detection techniques viz. signature-based, Heuristic-based and Specification-based detection technique are unable to detect some form of malware and each technique has its own advantages and disadvantages. A new methodology is proposed for malware detection that is based on data mining and machine learning techniques to detect known as well as unknown instances of malware. The new methodology uses disassemble process and three pre -processing techniques as part of feature extraction process to produce three different data sets with different configurations; feature selection technique is used to achieve consistent, reduced feature dataset. Three classification algorithms are used to gener ate and train the classifiers named as Ripper, C4.5 and IBk. The ensemble learning algorithm voting is used to improve the accuracy of result. Here majority voting and veto voting is used, the predicted output is decided on the basis of majority vo ting and veto voting. In veto voting the decision strategy of veto is improved by introducing the trust-based veto voting that definitely helps to improve the detection accuracy.

  10. The mathematics of elections and voting

    CERN Document Server

    Wallis, W D

    2014-01-01

    The Mathematics of Elections and Voting  takes an in-depth look at the mathematics in the context of voting and electoral systems, with focus on simple ballots, complex elections, fairness, approval voting, ties, fair and unfair voting, and manipulation techniques. The exposition opens with a sketch of the mathematics behind the various methods used in conducting elections. The reader is lead to a comprehensive picture of the theoretical background of mathematics and elections through an analysis of Condorcet’s Principle and Arrow’s Theorem of conditions in electoral fairness. Further detailed discussion of various related topics include: methods of manipulating the outcome of an election, amendments, and voting on small committees. In recent years, electoral theory has been introduced into lower-level mathematics courses, as a way to illustrate the role of mathematics in our everyday life.  Few books have studied voting and elections from a more formal mathematical viewpoint.  This text wi...

  11. Comment le rustique vint au village

    OpenAIRE

    Mihâilescu, Vintilâ

    2012-01-01

    Dans une société encore rurale et agricole comme la Roumanie, l’aménagement de la maisnie reste un indicateur important des transformations structurales de la société. Après la chute du communisme, et surtout après l’instauration de la libre circulation européenne, les campagnes roumaines ont ainsi commencé à être peuplées de « maisons d’orgueil » qui clamaient une émancipation des paysans et une rupture ostentatoire avec le passé et le local. Du même coup, le travail paysan était chassé de l...

  12. Separate Effect Test for APR+ DVI+

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    DVI and FD are our own design features adopted into APR1400. This study focuses on improving their performance for the APR+. From a preliminary study, conceptual design for DVI+ has been developed. Various separate effect tests were performed to evaluate the performance of the design concept and to develop a basic design. For DVI+ design, tests for DVI duct performance and vibration characteristics were performed. For FD+ design, sensitivity tests for major design parameters were performed. This study also includes a development of design for the reactor flow distribution test as well as FD+ overall performance test

  13. Open your eyes and vote!

    CERN Multimedia

    Rebecca Leam

    The CERN film-making club is organizing the second edition of the CinéGlobe International Short Film Festival and everyone is invited to attend a series of selection screenings in November to vote on which they like and think should be publicly shown in the Globe and at the Forum Meyrin in February 2010.   This year over 700 short films were submitted for three competitions: the majority for the general fiction category for films up to ten minutes in length, and others for science fiction (20 minutes) and science documentary (30 minutes). “In 2007 we had just one competition open to films from any genre. We decided to add the science related competitions to the second edition to make a stronger link with CERN as a physics lab,” explained Quentin King, Chairman of the Selection Committee and member of CERN’s film-making club, Open Your Eyes Films. “The entries are extremely diverse and touch on almost every aspect of life. The creativity of short...

  14. Pas de roman avant le mariage, tous les romans après le mariage

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tone Smolej

    2002-11-01

    Full Text Available Dans cet article, l’auteur explore la bibliothèque imaginaire des personnages du cycle des Rougon-Macquart, d’Émile Zola. Il se penche plus particulièrement sur les livres lus par deux catégories de personnages : les révoltés à l’égard du système politique et les jeunes filles.

  15. Distance voting (e-voting: the ways of its applicability in Moldova

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ion Cosuleanu

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to analyse the e-voting systems implementation experience in Europe (and the world and the necessity and possibility to implement the effective Out of Country Voting (OCV for Moldova. This paper is aimed also to start a discussion on different aspects of information system "Elections" to be built in Moldova.

  16. Les interventions après feu

    OpenAIRE

    Toutchkov, M.; Duché, Y.; Prevosto, B.; Quesney, T.; Vennetier, M.

    2013-01-01

    This chapter presents various post-fire management options for Pinus halepensis stands / Ce chapitre présente les différentes manière de gérer l'après-feu dans les peuplements de pin d'Alep incendiés

  17. State legislators' intentions to vote and subsequent votes on tobacco control legislation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flynn, B S; Dana, G S; Goldstein, A O; Bauman, K E; Cohen, J E; Gottlieb, N H; Solomon, L J; Munger, M C

    1997-07-01

    The predictive validity of state legislators' behavioral intentions in relation to their votes on tobacco control legislation was assessed by using the theory of planned behavior (I. Ajzen, 1991). Intentions to vote for cigarette tax increases were measured through interviews in the summer of 1994. A bill containing cigarette tax increases was considered about 8 months later. Votes were compared with intentions and were found to be consistent for 78% of these legislators (N = 120). Multiple logistic regression analyses showed a strong independent relationship between intentions and voting and a similar effect of political party; results suggested but did not confirm that votes were predicted by interactions between intentions and perceived control. Legislator surveys that use this conceptual model can provide results relevant to understanding tobacco policy development. PMID:9237093

  18. Voting with Limited Information and Many Alternatives

    CERN Document Server

    Chierichetti, Flavio

    2011-01-01

    The traditional axiomatic approach to voting is motivated by the problem of reconciling differences in subjective preferences. In contrast, a dominant line of work in the theory of voting over the past 15 years has considered a different kind of scenario, also fundamental to voting, in which there is a genuinely "best" outcome that voters would agree on if they only had enough information. This type of scenario has its roots in the classical Condorcet Jury Theorem; it includes cases such as jurors in a criminal trial who all want to reach the correct verdict but disagree in their inferences from the available evidence, or a corporate board of directors who all want to improve the company's revenue, but who have different information that favors different options. This style of voting leads to a natural set of questions: each voter has a {\\em private signal} that provides probabilistic information about which option is best, and a central question is whether a simple plurality voting system, which tabulates vo...

  19. Sex, race, gender, and the presidential vote

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Susan B. Hansen

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Racial resentment has been shown to have a significant impact on voting by whites in recent presidential elections, and a much larger impact than the traditional gender-gap measure based on the male-female dichotomy. This analysis will use data from the American National Election Studies [ANES] to compare broader indicators of race and gender applicable to the Democratic and Republican parties as well as to respondents’ opinions of appropriate roles for women. Since the 1980s the parties have diverged considerably on abortion and women’s issues, and voters now view the Democrats as more supportive than Republicans of equality for women and reproductive rights. Perceptions of party differences on women’s issues strongly influenced vote choice, 1988–2008, and in 2008 had greater impact on whites’ votes than opinions on aid to blacks, abortion, gay marriage, or the economy. Although racial resentment was a strong predictor of the white vote in 2012 as in previous years, presidential voting was also significantly influenced by respondent sex as well as opinions on gender roles. Voters regarded the Democratic Party as “better for the interests of women,” and this proved to be a highly effective wedge issue for the Democrats in 2012.

  20. Benjamin et nous : le christianisme, ses juifs, et l’histoire

    OpenAIRE

    FAVRET-SAADA, Jeanne

    2005-01-01

    Le texte du Vatican Réflexions sur la Shoah (1998) fut à l'origine du livre de l'A., Le Christianisme et ses juifs, 1800-2000 (2004, écrit avec J. Contreras) comme un éclair benjaminien. Après-coup, elle met en regard les relations de Walter Benjamin avec les juifs et le judaïsme, ainsi que son modèle historiographique, avec sa propre tentative.

  1. Le milieu des appareils

    OpenAIRE

    Alloa, Emmanuel; Arnaud, Diane; Barthélémy, Jean-Hugues; Bontems, Vincent; Déotte, Jean-Louis; Hörl, Erich; Krämer, Sybille; Ledent, David; Leplatre, Olivier; Méchoulan, Éric; Ochsner, Beate; Rancière, Jacques; Rockhill, Gabriel

    2007-01-01

    Nous assistons, après le tournant langagier de l’esthétique, à un véritable tournant technique, depuis les travaux initiateurs de Mauss, Benjamin, Panofsky, Kracauer, Simondon, Leroi-Gourhan, réinterprétés par exemple par Lyotard, ou Stiegler aujourd’hui. Cette révolution épistémologique n’aurait pas été possible sans reconsidérer la part essentiellement technique de ce qui apparaît, tant du côté de la production que de la réception. On appellera « appareils », et plus précisément « appareils...

  2. How Many Vote Operations Are Needed to Manipulate A Voting System?

    CERN Document Server

    Xia, Lirong

    2012-01-01

    In this paper, we propose a framework to study a general class of strategic behavior in voting, which we call {\\em vote operations}. Our main theorem is the following: if we fix the number alternatives, generate $n$ votes i.i.d. according to a distribution $\\pi$, and let $n$ go to infinity. Then, for any $\\epsilon >0$, with probability at least $1-\\epsilon$, the minimum number of operations that are necessary for the strategic to achieve her goal falls into one of the following four categories: (1) 0, (2) $\\Theta(\\sqrt n)$, (3) $\\Theta(n)$, and (4) $\\infty$. This theorem holds for any set of vote operations, any individual vote distribution $\\pi$, and any generalized scoring rule, which includes (but not limited to) most commonly studied voting rules, e.g., approval voting, all positional scoring rules (including Borda, plurality, and veto), plurality with runoff, Bucklin, Copeland, maximin, STV, and ranked pairs. We also show that many well-studied types of strategic behavior fall under our framework, includ...

  3. Le Feu

    OpenAIRE

    Boureau, Alain; Anca BRATU; Connolly, Bob; Desbois, Evelyne; Dujas, Jean-Michel; Feschet, Valérie; Gullestad, Marianne; Jacques-Chaquin, Nicole; Morel, Alain; Pécout, Roland; Pétrequin, Anne-Marie; Pétrequin, Pierre; Signorelli, Amalia; Traimond, Bernard; Voisenat, Claudie

    2005-01-01

    Diverses représentations s'attachent à cet élément, à ses manifestations et à ses usages. Au Moyen Age, le feu bénéfique qui consume le mystique ou chauffe le corps-alambic. devient maléfique entre les mains du sorcier destine au bûcher. On retrouve le XXe siècle avec le feu dévastateur de la Grande Guerre et les incendies générateurs de polémiques.

  4. Les réseaux sociaux et l’échange entre l’homme politique et les internautes : le cas de Facebook après les élections présidentielles en France Social Networks and the Exchange Between Politicians and Surfers: Facebook and the presidential post elections in France

    OpenAIRE

    Galia Yanoshevsky

    2010-01-01

    A travers l’analyse des interactions entre hommes politiques et internautes sur Facebook après les élections présidentielles de 2007 en France, cet article vise à montrer comment les réseaux sociaux sont exploités par les deux parties. Au départ un réseau décentralisé qui lie les gens sans intervention politico-hiérarchique, Facebook est mobilisé par les hommes politiques au service de leur besoins. Quelles en sont les conséquences pour la sphère publique : s’agit-il d’un outil qui permet à l...

  5. Gestion de crise et aide internationale après le séisme du 12 janvier à Port-au-Prince Haïti, toujours dans l’urgence ! (Témoignage Crisis Management and International Aid after Earthquake of January 12 in Port-au-Prince Haiti, always in a Hurry! (Testimony

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-Philippe Pierre

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Dans le cadre de l’intervention qui a été déclenchée pour venir en aide aux sinistrés du tremblement de terre en Haïti le 12 janvier dernier, la France a envoyé des moyens importants. Le déploiement de ces moyens comme celui de ceux envoyés par le reste de la communauté internationale s’est déroulé sur un territoire ravagé. En plus des difficultés liées aux destructions, il a été relativement difficile d’avoir une vision globale de la situation. L’absence quasi totale de moyens de communication sur place et l’interprétation faite par certains médias internationaux, d’évènements anodins ont également contribué à compliquer cette situation.  Aujourd’hui, on énumère les actions et les projets mais qu’en est-il de la situation sur le terrain ?As part of the intervention was triggered to help victims of earthquake in Haiti on January 12 this year, France sent substantial resources. The deployment of these resources such as those sent by the rest of the international community took place on a ravaged territory. In addition to difficulties related to destruction, it was relatively difficult to obtain an overview of the situation. The almost total absence of means of communication on site and the interpretation made by some international media, benign events also helped to complicate the situation. Today, it lists the actions and projects, but what about the situation on the ground?

  6. Containment performance analysis for EU APR1400

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    During a severe accident, as the last barrier of DID (Defense In Depth) strategy, the containment has an important role to limit the release of the radioactive material to environment. The containment should be able to maintain its structural integrity to prevent the release of the radioactive materials contained in it. In this paper, the behavior of pressure and temperature in the containment is evaluated for various accident conditions. EU APR1400 (European APR1400) is equipped with RDS (Rapid Depressurization System), HMS (Hydrogen Mitigation System), SACSS (Severe Accident Containment Spray System), and PECS (Passive Ex vessel Cooling System) to mitigate the severe accident consequences and eventually to keep the containment integrity. Depending on the availabilities of these mitigation systems, the containment undergoes different transients in pressure and temperature

  7. Towards Designing Multi Agent Mobile and Internet Based Voting System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohamed Khlaif

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Voting systems are essential in most democratic societies .Thevoting process is very difficult and consuming time and effortprocess. One of the major problems of voting is the securityprocess. The E-voting system is process to use mobile multiagents system which can be less time consuming and moreaccurate due to Agent role through encryption/decryption whichreduce the risk of casting vote In trouble environment. the votewill be received by the agent which will be encrypted and sent tomobile data base, and similar action is carried out in the Internetagent who will carry out similar process in a similar manner .Voting data is collected in three different sources whicheventually collected in master data base after decrypting all votes. the counting agent counts the votes and classify votes for eachperspective owner.

  8. The Convergence Rate of Majority Vote under Exchangeability

    OpenAIRE

    Lopes, Miles E.

    2013-01-01

    Majority vote plays a fundamental role in many applications of statistics, such as ensemble classifiers, crowdsourcing, and elections. When using majority vote as a prediction rule, it is of basic interest to ask "How many votes are needed to obtain a reliable prediction?" In the context of binary classification with Random Forests or Bagging, we give a precise answer: If err_t denotes the test error achieved by the majority vote of t \\geq 1 classifiers, and err* denotes its nominal limiting ...

  9. Does voting history matter : analysing persistence in turnout

    OpenAIRE

    Denny, Kevin; Doyle, Orla

    2005-01-01

    Individuals who vote in one election are also more likely to vote in the next. Modelling the causal relationship between consecutive voting decisions however is intrinsically difficult, as this positive association can exist due to unobserved heterogeneity (i.e. some fixed, but unobserved, characteristics makes voters consistently turn out to vote) or habit formation (i.e. past turnout decisions influence subsequent turnout decisions). This paper overcomes this problem using longitudinal data...

  10. Electronic Voting: the Devil is in the Details

    CERN Document Server

    Enguehard, Chantal

    2008-01-01

    Observing electronic voting from an international point of view gives some perspective about its genesis and evolution. An analysis of the voting process through its cultural, ontological, legal and political dimensions explains the difficulty to normalize this process. It appears that international organizations are not capable to properly defend the fundamental rights of the citizens. The approach that was taken when DRE voting computers appeared seems to have reoccured with VVAT voting computers and the european e-poll project.

  11. Chapitre V. Le spectacle permanent

    OpenAIRE

    Bennassar, Bartolomé

    2013-01-01

    Étoffes précieuses et bijoux, maisons seigneuriales, tapisseries, cuirs ouvragés et vaisselle d’argent, voitures et esclaves, autant de manières de paraître. Mais la manière suprême n’est-elle pas de donner en toutes occasions le spectacle à la foule et d’organiser dans ce but une fête après l’autre, joutes chevaleresques, jeux de javelines, mascarades, illuminations nocturnes, divertissements nautiques... dans les intervalles des fêtes traditionnelles, courses de taureaux et cérémonies relig...

  12. 31 CFR 800.206 - Convertible voting instrument.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ..., AND TAKEOVERS BY FOREIGN PERSONS Definitions § 800.206 Convertible voting instrument. The term convertible voting instrument means a financial instrument that currently does not entitle its owner or holder... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Convertible voting instrument....

  13. Student Voting Rights and Patterns: A Research Project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eshleman, Kenneth L.

    1988-01-01

    Presents five projects on student voting rights recommended for college students in U.S. government and constitutional law courses. Projects include reading the state's residency law, investigating state and local interpretation of student voting rights, researching the constitutional issues involved in voting rights, and surveying students as to…

  14. Heinberg Richard, 2008, Pétrole: la fête est finie ! Avenir des sociétés industrielles après le pic pétrolier, Éditions Demi-Lune, [2003 pour la première édition en langue anglaise

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luc Semal

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Il a fallu attendre cinq ans pour que soit traduit ce best-seller de Richard Heinberg consacré au pic pétrolier et à ses conséquences sociales en tous genres ! Durant ces cinq années, les ouvrages scientifiques consacrés à ce thème ont continué à proliférer dans le monde anglo-saxon et ont même largement contribué à y faire naître le mouvement des transition towns (dont l’un des principaux objectifs est de préparer les communautés locales aux pénuries pétrolières. Mais en France, pendant la ...

  15. Legal requirements governing proxy voting in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Werlauff, Erik

    2008-01-01

    The requirements in Danish company law concerning proxy voting in companies whose shares have been accepted for listing on a regulated market have been successively tightened in recent years, and corporate governance principles have also led to the introduction of several requirements concerning...

  16. Business Travellers Vote DRAGONAIR "Best China Airline"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    @@ (BEIJING) Dragonair was announced as winner of the Best China Airline category in the Business Traveller Asia-Pacific 2005 Annual Travel Awards today. The magazine asked subscribers who were frequent travellers to vote for an airline based on 17 criteria,including cabin staff, comfort, route network and scheduling.

  17. Business Travellers Vote DRAGONAIR "Best China Airline"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

      (BEIJING) Dragonair was announced as winner of the Best China Airline category in the Business Traveller Asia-Pacific 2005 Annual Travel Awards today. The magazine asked subscribers who were frequent travellers to vote for an airline based on 17 criteria,including cabin staff, comfort, route network and scheduling.……

  18. 7 CFR 1205.204 - Voting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    .... Forms obtained via the Internet will be located at http://www.ams.usda.gov/Cotton. Upon request by... 20026-3704. Forms obtained via the Internet will be located at http://www.ams.usda.gov/Cotton. (d... through the Internet during the voting period. A completed and signed CN-100 and supporting...

  19. Higher Ed. Gets Voting Rights on Assessments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gewertz, Catherine

    2012-01-01

    A group of states that is designing tests for the common academic standards has taken a key step to ensure that the assessments reflect students' readiness for college-level work: It gave top higher education officials from member states voting power on test-design questions that are closest to the heart of the college-readiness question. At its…

  20. Inequality Aversion and Voting on Redistribution

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Höchtl, Wolfgang; Sausgruber, Rupert; Tyran, Jean-Robert

    Some people have a concern for a fair distribution of incomes while others do not. Does such a concern matter for majority voting on redistribution? Fairness preferences are relevant for redistribution outcomes only if fair-minded voters are pivotal. Pivotality, in turn, depends on the structure of...

  1. Inequality aversion and voting on redistribution

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Höchtl, Wolfgang; Sausgruber, Rupert; Tyran, Jean-Robert Karl

    2012-01-01

    Some people have a concern for a fair distribution of incomes while others do not. Does such a concern matter for majority voting on redistribution? Fairness preferences are relevant for redistribution outcomes only if fair-minded voters are pivotal. Pivotality, in turn, depends on the structure of...

  2. Voting Advice Applications and electoral turnout

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gemenis, Kostas; Rosema, Martin

    2014-01-01

    In the last two decades Voting Advice Applications (VAAs) have become popular tools among voters, especially in several countries with a multi-party system. In this paper we test if the use of VAAs stimulates electoral participation. We use survey data from the Netherlands, where such tools are wide

  3. Le emozioni

    OpenAIRE

    Marco, Antonio

    2009-01-01

    Le emozioni esprimono molteplici segnali funzionali alla sopravvivenza e alla riproduzione. Due differenti matrici, genetica e culturale, possono dar conto dei comportamenti e delle emozioni ad esse associate.

  4. Fernand Braudel : Civilisation matérielle, Economie et Capitalisme trente ans après

    OpenAIRE

    Garner, Guillaume

    2013-01-01

    Trente ans après la publication par Fernand Braudel de sa trilogie Civilisation matérielle, Économie et Capitalisme XVe-XVIIIe siècle, l’IFHA (Guillaume Garner) et le Global and European Studies Institute de l’Université de Leipzig (Matthias Middell) se sont associés pour organiser une journée d’études franco-allemande, qui s’est tenue à Leipzig le 2 octobre 2009, dont le but était moins de discuter de la pertinence des conclusions formulées par F. Braudel que d’évaluer, sur le plan des probl...

  5. Le livre sur le livre traité de documentation

    CERN Document Server

    Otlet, Paul

    2015-01-01

    Paul Otlet est considéré comme le père des sciences de l'information. Ouvrage fondateur et fondamental, le Traité de documentation. Le livre sur le livre (1934) est l'aboutissement de son travail inlassable pour rassembler, classer et partager les connaissances. Otlet y propose une remarquable synthèse du savoir sur le livre et le document en même temps qu'il anticipe Internet et l'hypertexte. La réédition du Traité de documentation, 70 ans après la disparition de son auteur, coïncide avec la réouverture du Mundaneum à Mons, où le fabuleux héritage documentaire légué par Paul Otlet et Henri La Fontaine est conservé. « Ici, la table de travail n'est plus chargée d'aucun livre. À leur place se dresse un écran et à portée un téléphone. Là-bas, au loin, dans un édifice immense, sont tous les livres et tous les renseignements. De là, on fait apparaître sur l'écran la page à lire pour connaître la réponse aux questions posées par téléphone. » Préfaces de Benoît Peeters (éc...

  6. Le leadership en des temps incertains

    OpenAIRE

    Roegman, Rachel D.; Hatch, Thomas; Riehl, Carolyn

    2012-01-01

    Cet article s’intéresse aux pratiques fondamentales de direction dans la gestion des environnements interne et externe des établissements publics aux États-Unis. Après avoir pris en compte la recherche sur les liens entre le leadership pédagogique et les résultats des élèves, les auteurs s’intéressent plus précisément aux raisons qui sous-tendent les actions des chefs d’établissement, au travers du prisme du leadership comme activité cognitive. Enfin, les auteurs soulignent l’importance du le...

  7. The Implications of the 'No' Vote in France: Making the Most of a Wasted Opportunity

    OpenAIRE

    Paris, Marie-Luce

    2008-01-01

    On 29th May 2005, French citizens were asked the following question: "Approuvez-vous le projet de loi qui autorise la ratification du traité établissant une Constitution pour l’Europe?" (Do you approve of the Bill authorizing the ratification of the Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe?). When French people cast their vote, nine Member States representing nearly half the people of the European Union (EU) had already decided, by parliamentary or referendum method, to ratify the Treaty...

  8. Implementation of Electronic Voting Machine with Multiple Preferences and Priority

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ramya G. P.

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Traditional paper based voting procedure was very long and time-consuming process and very much prone to errors. Polling by Electronic Voting Machine (EVM is a simple, safe and secure method that takes minimum of time. Current Electronic Voting Machine (EVMs used in LOK SABHA and ASSEMBLY elections accepts only one vote from each voter. But in elections such as GRAMA PANCHAYATH and COOPERATIVE SOCIETIES, where each voter casts their votes to more than one candidate, available voting machines will not work. The paper presents a PROGRAMMABLE ELECTRONIC VOTING MACHINE that accepts one or more votes depending on requirement. Mode control is included in EVM, through which it is possible to set the EVM to accept more than one vote from each voter depending on the type of elections. The main advantage of this type of EVM is to avoid the invalid votes especially in co-operative society elections where each voter has to cast vote for nine candidates.

  9. Cent ans après Meyer-Lübke : le Dictionnaire Étymologique Roman (DÉRom) en tant que tentative d'arrimage de l'étymologie romane à la linguistique générale

    OpenAIRE

    Buchi, Eva

    2010-01-01

    Texte d'une intervention à la table ronde " 100 anys d'etimologia romànica : el REW de Meyer-Lübke : 1911-2010 " du XXVIe Congrès international de linguistique et de philologie romanes (Valence, 6-11 septembre 2010). L'auteure défend l'approche comparative du Dictionnaire Étymologique Roman et montre en quoi le projet DÉRom rapproche la linguistique romane de la linguistique générale.

  10. Marrakech, un mois plus tard, 10 ans après

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bernard Debarbieux

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Il y a bientôt un mois, la place Jemma el Fna, dans la médina de Marrakech, et tout Marrakech avec elle, étaient secouées par un attentat terroriste. La ville en parle intensément, dans les rues, dans les cafés, dans les journaux. Il y a 10 ans, cette même place entrait dans le cercle des sites du patrimoine Mondial de l'Humanité. Jemma el Fna retentit cette semaine des festivités organisées pour célébrer cet anniversaire. La fête après le drame ? Comme pour oublier ? Certainement pas. Toujou...

  11. Apreçamento de derivativos bidimensionais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hugo Daniel de Oliveira Azevedo

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available Neste artigo analisamos o apreçamento de contratos que tenham seus resultados atrelados a mais de um ativo subjacente, em especial, opções bidimensionais. Para isto usamos a fórmula desenvolvida por Margrabe (1978 e o modelo de árvores de Rubinstein (1991a. Em seguida apresentamos exemplos práticos de opções bidimensionais e apreçamos estas opções. Além disto, sugerimos a incorporação de outros instrumentos, negociados no exterior, ao mercado de derivativos brasileiro.In this article we analyze the pricing of contracts that have their payoffs linked to more than one underlying asset, in special, bidimensional options. To achieve this purpose we use the formula developed by Margrabe (1978 and the tree model of Rubinstein (1991a. Next, we present practical examples of bidimensional options and price these options. Moreover we suggest the incorporation of two other instruments, negotiated abroad, to the Brazilian derivative markets

  12. Design Characteristics of the Passive Auxiliary Feedwater System in APR+

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The passive auxiliary feedwater system (PAFS) is a typical passive safety system implemented for the APR+. The auxiliary feedwater system (AFWS) in the APR1400, which is the reference plant of the APR+, consists of two motor driven pumps, two turbine driven pumps, two water storage tanks, and related pipes and valves. The AFWS feeds emergency water to steam generators to cool down the reactor coolant system when the main feedwater is lost. To enhance the safety, the PAFS replaces the AFWS with a passive condensation heat exchanger (PCHX), a passive condensation cooling tank (PCCT), and a few valves and pipes in the APR+ design. In this paper, we propose the design requirements and conceptual design of the PAFS in order to evaluate the operability of the PAFS, to develop the APR+'s general arrangements for the auxiliary building, and to identify the important parameters to be quantified by experiments

  13. Les réseaux sociaux et l’échange entre l’homme politique et les internautes : le cas de Facebook après les élections présidentielles en France Social Networks and the Exchange Between Politicians and Surfers: Facebook and the presidential post elections in France

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Galia Yanoshevsky

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available A travers l’analyse des interactions entre hommes politiques et internautes sur Facebook après les élections présidentielles de 2007 en France, cet article vise à montrer comment les réseaux sociaux sont exploités par les deux parties. Au départ un réseau décentralisé qui lie les gens sans intervention politico-hiérarchique, Facebook est mobilisé par les hommes politiques au service de leur besoins. Quelles en sont les conséquences pour la sphère publique : s’agit-il d’un outil qui permet à l’internaute de déjouer les usages de marketing politique qu’en fait l’homme politique ?The purpose of this article is to show how social networks, and more specifically Facebook, are used by politicians and their supporters. This is achieved through a detailed analysis of exchange of posts between politicians and surfers in the period following the presidential election campaigns in France of 2007. It is shown how politicians take advantage of Facebook, despite its initially being a decentralized social network, connecting people without a political or hierarchic purpose. The article attempts to show some of the consequences of such an exploitation of a public network for the public sphere and asks how much leverage there is for the surfers/citizens in moderating political marketing on Facebook.

  14. Conservation et disparition des repères de crue – Exemple des repères apposés après la crue de 1930 en Lot-et-Garonne et dans le sud du Tarn

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    François Gazelle

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Pour matérialiser les niveaux atteints par les crues importantes en des points significatifs, et pour en conserver la mémoire à toutes fins utiles, la loi BACHELOT de juillet 2003 fait obligation aux mairies ou services d'État de mettre en place des repères visibles, pratique qui n'est pas nouvelle mais qui tendait à s'estomper d'autant qu'elle n'était pas réglementaire. On peut s'interroger sur la conservation de ces repères au fil des décennies. À ce titre, les auteurs ont exploité les données archivistiques et effectué des enquêtes de terrain pour appréhender la présence ou l'absence de repères placés après la crue de 1930 en deux secteurs du Sud-Ouest de la France, et saisir les causes des disparitions recensées.In order to show the levels reached by major flood events at significant points, and in order to record the information for future reference, the law promoted by BACHELOT in July 2003 places an obligation on municipal councils and state-run bodies to put in place visible markers, a practice which is not new but which had tended to die out while it was not a statutory requirement. It is reasonable to raise the question of the conservation of these markers over the decades. With this in mind, the authors made use of archival data and carried out field investigations in order to determine the presence or absence of markers put in place after the flood of 1930 in two areas of south-western France, and to establish the causes of the disappearances that they found.

  15. Electoral system, pesonal votes, and party choice

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thomsen, Søren Risbjerg

    Using local elections in Denmark as an example this paper shows that individual party choice is influenced both by individual level, municipality level, and national level characteristics. Some hypotheses about the effects of the electoral system on personal votes derived from a theory by Carey...... & Shugart (1995) are first tested using a fixed-effects model. The effect of the personal reputation of the candidates, measured by personal votes, on party choice is then tested using a multilevel multinomial logit model suggested by Rabe-Hesketh and Skrondal (2008). The paper shows that both the electoral...... system and the personal reputation of local candidates have theoretically expected effects on party choice at local elections in Denmark. The methodology can be used for cross-national studies of multilevel effects on multi-party choice....

  16. Civitas: A Secure Remote Voting System

    OpenAIRE

    Clarkson, Michael; Chong, Stephen; Myers, Andrew

    2008-01-01

    Civitas is the first implementation of a coercion-resistant, universally verifiable, remote voting scheme. This paper describes the design of Civitas, details the cryptographic protocols used in its construction, and illustrates how language-enforced information-flow security policies yield assurance in the implementation. The performance of Civitas scales well in the number of voters and offers reasonable tradeoffs between time, cost, and security. These results sugges...

  17. "Hall of Fame" Voting: The Econometric Society

    OpenAIRE

    Hamermesh, Daniel S.; Peter Schmidt

    2001-01-01

    We examine the determinants of election as Fellow of the Econometric Society, an example of voting within a group to confer honor on some members and perhaps achieve additional status for the entire group. Using data from annual elections from 1990-2000, we find that objective measures of quality help determine elections, as do attestations of quality by previous honorees. What one might view as ascriptive characteristics, such as candidates' subspecialty or institutional affiliation/location...

  18. Voting, Lobbying, and the Decentralization Theorem

    OpenAIRE

    Lockwood, Benjamin

    2007-01-01

    This paper revisits the fiscal "decentralization theorem", by relaxing the role of the assumption that governments are benevolent, while retaining the assumption of policy uniformity. If instead, decisions are made by direct majority voting, (i) centralization can welfare-dominate decentralization even if there are no externalities and regions are heterogenous; (ii) decentralization can welfare-dominate centralization even if there are positive externalities and regions are hom...

  19. Structured Prediction Theory and Voted Risk Minimization

    OpenAIRE

    Cortes, Corinna; Mohri, Mehryar; Kuznetsov, Vitaly; Yang, Scott

    2016-01-01

    We present a general theoretical analysis of structured prediction. By introducing a new complexity measure that explicitly factors in the structure of the output space and the loss function, we are able to derive new data-dependent learning guarantees for a broad family of losses and for hypothesis sets with an arbitrary factor graph decomposition. We extend this theory by leveraging the principle of Voted Risk Minimization (VRM) and showing that learning is possible with complex factor grap...

  20. Voting in corporate boards with heterogeneous preferences

    OpenAIRE

    Balduzzi, Paolo; Graziano, Clara; Luporini, Annalisa

    2011-01-01

    We analyze the voting behavior of a board of directors that has to approve (or reject) an investment proposal with uncertain return. We consider three types of directors: insiders, who are biased toward acceptance of the project, independent outsiders who want to maximize the firm's profit and independent outsiders who care about their reputation. We show that the presence of members with heterogeneous preferences can be beneficial and that the partisan behavior of insiders can be used as a s...

  1. Computing the nucleolus of weighted voting games

    CERN Document Server

    Elkind, Edith

    2008-01-01

    Weighted voting games (WVG) are coalitional games in which an agent's contribution to a coalition is given by his it weight, and a coalition wins if its total weight meets or exceeds a given quota. These games model decision-making in political bodies as well as collaboration and surplus division in multiagent domains. The computational complexity of various solution concepts for weighted voting games received a lot of attention in recent years. In particular, Elkind et al.(2007) studied the complexity of stability-related solution concepts in WVGs, namely, of the core, the least core, and the nucleolus. While they have completely characterized the algorithmic complexity of the core and the least core, for the nucleolus they have only provided an NP-hardness result. In this paper, we solve an open problem posed by Elkind et al. by showing that the nucleolus of WVGs, and, more generally, k-vector weighted voting games with fixed k, can be computed in pseudopolynomial time, i.e., there exists an algorithm that ...

  2. Design Characteristics of the APR+ Containment Spray System

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We, KEPCO E and C, are implementing APR+ design development phase II project, which is owned by the KHNP. The APR+ Containment Spray (CS) System is developed as a four (4) 100%-capacity train system which shares the pumps, heat exchangers, valves, and piping with the Shutdown Cooling (SC) System, meeting the N+2 design concept (capable of satisfying the safety function with a single failure and a concurrent component unavailability due to maintenance) and still maintaining the number and capacity of the system components similar to the APR1400 CS System and SC System combined. The design concept and system configuration of the APR+ CS System are presented

  3. Design Characteristics of the APR+ Containment Spray System

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Doh, Gyu Bong; Park, Jong Ha; Chang, Jae Wang [KEPCO Engineering and Construction Co., Yongin (Korea, Republic of)

    2012-05-15

    We, KEPCO E and C, are implementing APR+ design development phase II project, which is owned by the KHNP. The APR+ Containment Spray (CS) System is developed as a four (4) 100%-capacity train system which shares the pumps, heat exchangers, valves, and piping with the Shutdown Cooling (SC) System, meeting the N+2 design concept (capable of satisfying the safety function with a single failure and a concurrent component unavailability due to maintenance) and still maintaining the number and capacity of the system components similar to the APR1400 CS System and SC System combined. The design concept and system configuration of the APR+ CS System are presented

  4. Performance analysis of a Passive Auxiliary Feedwater System in APR+

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Advanced Power Reactor Plus (APR+), which is a GEN III+ reactor based on the APR1400, is being developed in Korea. In order to enhance the safety of the APR+, a passive auxiliary feedwater system (PAFS) has been adopted in the APR+. The PAFS replaces the conventional active auxiliary feedwater system (AFWS) by introducing a natural driving force mechanism while maintaining the system function of cooling the primary side and removing the decay heat. The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the performance of the PAFS under design basis events using best-estimated thermalhydraulic codes

  5. Voting Intention and Choices: Are Voters Always Rational and Deliberative?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, I-Ching; Chen, Eva E; Tsai, Chia-Hung; Yen, Nai-Shing; Chen, Arbee L P; Lin, Wei-Chieh

    2016-01-01

    Human rationality--the ability to behave in order to maximize the achievement of their presumed goals (i.e., their optimal choices)--is the foundation for democracy. Research evidence has suggested that voters may not make decisions after exhaustively processing relevant information; instead, our decision-making capacity may be restricted by our own biases and the environment. In this paper, we investigate the extent to which humans in a democratic society can be rational when making decisions in a serious, complex situation-voting in a local political election. We believe examining human rationality in a political election is important, because a well-functioning democracy rests largely upon the rational choices of individual voters. Previous research has shown that explicit political attitudes predict voting intention and choices (i.e., actual votes) in democratic societies, indicating that people are able to reason comprehensively when making voting decisions. Other work, though, has demonstrated that the attitudes of which we may not be aware, such as our implicit (e.g., subconscious) preferences, can predict voting choices, which may question the well-functioning democracy. In this study, we systematically examined predictors on voting intention and choices in the 2014 mayoral election in Taipei, Taiwan. Results indicate that explicit political party preferences had the largest impact on voting intention and choices. Moreover, implicit political party preferences interacted with explicit political party preferences in accounting for voting intention, and in turn predicted voting choices. Ethnic identity and perceived voting intention of significant others were found to predict voting choices, but not voting intention. In sum, to the comfort of democracy, voters appeared to engage mainly explicit, controlled processes in making their decisions; but findings on ethnic identity and perceived voting intention of significant others may suggest otherwise. PMID

  6. Le tubage gastrique chez les poissons : mise au point d'un équipement et test chez le chabot Cottus gobio L.

    OpenAIRE

    GAUDIN P.; Martin, E.; CAILLERE L.

    1981-01-01

    Un système de vidange stomacale a été mis au point dans le but de préciser le régime alimentaire d'une petite population de chabots (Cottus gobio L.). Le matériel et les principes d'utilisation sont décrits. La méthode a été testée au laboratoire et sur le terrain. L'expérimentation réalisée au laboratoire montre que : 1 — l'efficacité de la vidange stomacale est très satisfaisante (98,2 % ) , 2 — le taux de réalimentation est très élevé 24 heures après la vidange, 3 — la survie, un mois aprè...

  7. Poverty and vote buying: Survey-based evidence from Africa

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Peter Sandholt; Justesen, Mogens K.

    2014-01-01

    Alongside the spread of democracy in the developing world, vote buying has emerged as an integral part of election campaigns. Yet, we know little about the causes of vote buying in young democracies. In this paper, we analyse the sources of vote buying in sub-Saharan African. Using data from the...... Afrobarometer, we focus on the impact of poverty on vote buying at the individual- and country-level. Results from multilevel regressions show that poor voters are significantly more likely to be targets of vote buying than wealthier voters. This effect increases when elections are highly competitive. Thus......, micro-level poverty seems to be an important source of vote buying in Africa and has major implications for the way electoral democracy operates....

  8. Le Corbusier

    OpenAIRE

    Theodorakopoulou, Pamela

    2013-01-01

    Charles-Edouard Jeanneret (1887-1965), later Le Corbusier, was one of the most influential modern architects, not least due to his many writings on art, architecture and urban planning theory. The subject matter of the work at hand is a travel journal titled Le Voyage d’Orient (1966) that was published posthumously. The book documents a journey to the Orient, which the young architect undertook from Berlin in the year 1911. It deals with the cosmopolitan metropolis Vienna, the characteristica...

  9. Burned after reading: the so-called list of Alexandrian librarians in P. Oxy. X 1241 Brûlée après lecture : la liste dite des Bibliothécaires d'Alexandrie dans le P.Oxy. X 1241 Burned after reading; la cosiddetta lista di bibliotecari alessandrini in P.Oxy. X 1241

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jackie Murray

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Cet article remet en question la valeur et la fiabilité du contenu du P.Oxy. X 1241, la liste dite des Bibliothécaires d’Alexandrie. Plutôt que de traiter de la liste des grammairiens des colonnes i.5.-ii.30 pour elle-même, comme les savants l’ont fait depuis que le papyrus a été publié, cet article prend en considération le document dans son intégralité. Cette lecture plus attentive du P.Oxy. X 1241 démontre qu’il y a une évidente continuité thématique entre la liste des grammairiens et les catalogues militaires qui suivent, qui n’a jamais été observée précédemment parce que les deux parties du document ont été traitées séparement. Il en découle des questions concernant trois hypothèses essentielles émises par les éditeurs originaux, B. P. Grenfell et A. S. Hunt : (1 la liste des col. i.5-ii.30 est-elle en réalité une liste des Bibliothécaires en chef de la Bibliothèque d’Alexandrie ? (2 le document est-il une copie ou une compilation de quelque œuvre savante qui remonte à la période hellénistique, et non la production d’un savant/grammairien du deuxième siècle de notre ère environ ? (3 Est-ce que les contenus du papyrus reflètent l’œuvre d’un savant/grammairien compétent qui était suffisamment informé sur la chronologie de la période ptolémaïque pour donner un décompte historiquement exact de la succession d’individus liés à la cour des Ptolémées et à la Bibliothèque d’Alexandrie ? S’il est vrai que dans son contenu et son utilisation de citations savantes le P.Oxy. X 1241 partage de nombreux points communs avec les catalogues en prose des époques hellénistique et impériale, les stratégies du discours savant déployées par l’auteur dans le catalogue militaire ne sont pas conformes aux normes des exemples scientifiques fiables. En conséquence, la valeur du texte comme preuve documentaire de l’histoire de la Bibliothèque d’Alexandrie a besoin d

  10. « Être-noir » (Blackness : une pratique collective à Salvador de Bahia. Faire de la sociologie urbaine après le « cultural turn » “Blackness” as a Collective Practice in Salvador de Bahia - Urban Sociology after the Cultural Turn

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martina Löw

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Chacune des villes du Brésil portent en elles des contributions singulières à la production d’une identité nationale, bien qu’elles n’échappent pas aux influences homogénéisantes de la globalisation. Cette co-construction d’une identité partagée n’empêche toutefois pas que se structurent distinctement les actes et les sensations des habitants des métropoles concernées, générant des pratiques collectives – mais spécifiques – d’interprétation de la réalité. À Salvador de Bahia, l’« être-noir » et l’« être-aussi-noir » constituent deux opérateurs d’une identité partagée. Ce notamment en raison du rôle spécifiquement échu à la ville de Salvador dans le cadre du projet national, à savoir celui d’un lieu-témoin de la mixité des origines. Ainsi la ville est-elle le théâtre d’une triple mise en scène : celle des pratiques typiques de formations identitaires des individus ; celle de la revendication d’une culture alimentaire ; celle de la promotion d’un urbanisme particulier. Toutes trois ouvrent, à Salvador, un champ du possible autre que celui ayant cours dans les autres métropoles brésiliennes.Despite homogenizing influences of globalization, each Brazilian city contributes to the construction of a national identity in its own particular way. Addressing the issue through the example of Salvador de Bahia, the paper examines the city’s specific role in weaving the national fabric. It is argued that the contributions to the common national project are nevertheless locally grounded, thus structuring actions, behaviors and emotions of the urban residents in characteristic ways. Accordingly, every city generates collective, albeit distinct interpretations of reality which differ markedly from other cities. In Salvador de Bahia the common point of reference for social action and shared identity is ethnicity in the sense of “blackness”, i.e. being or feeling

  11. Voting in a Stochastic Environment: The Case of Two Groups

    OpenAIRE

    Chebotarev, P. Yu.; Loginov, A. K.; Tsodikova, Ya. Yu.; Lezina, Z. M.; Borzenko, V. I.

    2011-01-01

    Social dynamics determined by voting in a stochastic environment is analyzed for a society composed of two cohesive groups of similar size. Within the model of random walks determined by voting, explicit formulas are derived for the capital increments of the groups against the parameters of the environment and "claim thresholds" of the groups. The "unanimous acceptance" and "unanimous rejection" group rules are considered as the voting procedures. Claim thresholds are evaluated that are most ...

  12. The One Member-One Vote Rule in Cooperatives

    OpenAIRE

    Reynolds, Bruce J.

    2000-01-01

    Cooperative s can achieve better business decisions when their boards of directors maintain a commitment to member consensus. Directors usually try to avoid making decisions by votes, especially by narrow majority victories. Governance on the basis of one member-one vote promotes the search for broad-based consensus that improves board representation of membership interests, but it also leads to more analysis of decision and search for innovative alternatives. By contrast, proportional voting...

  13. Universal Voting Protocol Tweaks to Make Manipulation Hard

    OpenAIRE

    Conitzer, Vincent; Sandholm, Tuomas

    2003-01-01

    Voting is a general method for preference aggregation in multiagent settings, but seminal results have shown that all (nondictatorial) voting protocols are manipulable. One could try to avoid manipulation by using voting protocols where determining a beneficial manipulation is hard computationally. A number of recent papers study the complexity of manipulating existing protocols. This paper is the first work to take the next step of designing new protocols that are especially hard to manipula...

  14. Plurality Voting: the statistical laws of democracy in Brazil

    CERN Document Server

    Araripe, L E; Herrmann, H J; Andrade, J S

    2006-01-01

    We explore the statistical laws behind the plurality voting system by investigating the election results for mayor held in Brazil in 2004. Our analysis indicate that the vote partition among mayor candidates of the same city tends to be "polarized" between two candidates, a phenomenon that can be closely described by means of a simple fragmentation model. Complex concepts like "government continuity" and "useful vote" can be identified and even statistically quantified through our approach.

  15. An experimental study on learning about voting powers

    OpenAIRE

    Gabriele Esposito; Eric Guerci; Nobuyuki Hanaki; Xiaoyan Lu; Naoki Watanabe

    2010-01-01

    We investigate experimentally whether subjects can learn, from their limited experiences, about relationships between the distribution of votes in a group and associated voting powers in weighted majority voting systems (WMV). Subjects are asked to play two-stage games repeatedly. In the second stage of the game, a group of four subjects bargains over how to divide fixed amount of resources among themselves through the WMV determined in the first stage. In the first stage, two out of four sub...

  16. An experimental study on learning about voting powers

    OpenAIRE

    ESPOSITO Gabriele; Guerci, Eric; Hanaki, Nobuyuki; Lu, Xiaoyan; Watanabe, Naoki

    2010-01-01

    We investigate experimentally whether subjects can learn, from their limited experiences, about relationships between the distribution of votes in a group and associated voting powers in weighted majority voting systems (WMV). Subjects are asked to play two-stage games repeatedly. In the second stage of the game, a group of four subjects bargains over how to divide fixed amount of resources among themselves through theWMV determined in the first stage. In the first stage, two out of four subj...

  17. Visually weighted neighbor voting for image tag relevance learning

    OpenAIRE

    Lee, Silhyoung; De Neve, Wesley; Man Ro, Yong

    2014-01-01

    The presence of non-relevant tags in image folksonomies hampers the effective organization and retrieval of user-contributed images. In this paper, we propose to learn the relevance of user-supplied tags by means of visually weighted neighbor voting, a variant of the popular baseline neighbor voting algorithm proposed by Li et al. (IEEE Trans Multimedia 11(7):1310-1322, 2009). To gain insight into the effectiveness of baseline and visually weighted neighbor voting, we qualitatively analyze th...

  18. Information-Theoretically Secure Voting Without an Honest Majority

    OpenAIRE

    Broadbent, Anne; Tapp, Alain

    2008-01-01

    We present three voting protocols with unconditional privacy and information-theoretic correctness, without assuming any bound on the number of corrupt voters or voting authorities. All protocols have polynomial complexity and require private channels and a simultaneous broadcast channel. Our first protocol is a basic voting scheme which allows voters to interact in order to compute the tally. Privacy of the ballot is unconditional, but any voter can cause the protocol to fail, in which case ...

  19. Le peuple est-il soluble dans la constitution ? Leçons tunisiennes

    OpenAIRE

    Bras, Jean-Philippe

    2013-01-01

    Cette contribution propose de décrypter, pour le cas tunisien, le passage du moment révolutionnaire, où le peuple veut la révolution, au moment constitutionnel, où le peuple évènement fait place au peuple référent, dans la mise en place des mécanismes de la représentation. Après une phase initiale où la pression de la rue ou des campagnes s’exerce pleinement sur des instances politiques dotées d’une légitimité faible, bricolée entre lambeaux de l’ordre constitutionnel ancien et une incertaine...

  20. On minimum sum representations for weighted voting games

    CERN Document Server

    Kurz, Sascha

    2011-01-01

    A proposal in a weighted voting game is accepted if the sum of the (non-negative) weights of the "yea" voters is at least as large as a given quota. Several authors have considered representations of weighted voting games with minimum sum, where the weights and the quota are restricted to be integers. Freixas and Molinero have classified all weighted voting games without a unique minimum sum representation for up to 8 voters. Here we exhaustively classify all weighted voting games consisting of 9 voters which do not admit a unique minimum sum integer weight representation.

  1. Quantum anonymous voting with unweighted continuous-variable graph states

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guo, Ying; Feng, Yanyan; Zeng, Guihua

    2016-08-01

    Motivated by the revealing topological structures of continuous-variable graph state (CVGS), we investigate the design of quantum voting scheme, which has serious advantages over the conventional ones in terms of efficiency and graphicness. Three phases are included, i.e., the preparing phase, the voting phase and the counting phase, together with three parties, i.e., the voters, the tallyman and the ballot agency. Two major voting operations are performed on the yielded CVGS in the voting process, namely the local rotation transformation and the displacement operation. The voting information is carried by the CVGS established before hand, whose persistent entanglement is deployed to keep the privacy of votes and the anonymity of legal voters. For practical applications, two CVGS-based quantum ballots, i.e., comparative ballot and anonymous survey, are specially designed, followed by the extended ballot schemes for the binary-valued and multi-valued ballots under some constraints for the voting design. Security is ensured by entanglement of the CVGS, the voting operations and the laws of quantum mechanics. The proposed schemes can be implemented using the standard off-the-shelf components when compared to discrete-variable quantum voting schemes attributing to the characteristics of the CV-based quantum cryptography.

  2. ANALYSIS OF ELECTRONIC VOTING SYSTEM IN VARIOUS COUNTRIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sanjay Kumar,

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available India is the world’s largest democracy with a population of more than 1 billion; India has an electorate of more than 668 million and covers 543 parliamentary constituencies. Voting is the bridge between the governed and government. The last few years have brought a renewed focus on to the technology used in the voting process. The current voting system has many security holes, and it is difficult to prove even simple security properties about them. A voting system that can be proven correct has many concerns. There are some reasons for a government to use electronic systems are to increase elections activities and to reduce the elections expenses. Still there is some scope of work in electronic voting system because there is no way of identification by the electronic voting system whether the user is authentic or not and securing electronic voting machine from miscreants. This paper provides an overview of the experiences of other countries using electronic voting machine. The comparative focus is on the adoption of electronic voting systems adopted at the international level.

  3. Quantum anonymous voting with unweighted continuous-variable graph states

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guo, Ying; Feng, Yanyan; Zeng, Guihua

    2016-05-01

    Motivated by the revealing topological structures of continuous-variable graph state (CVGS), we investigate the design of quantum voting scheme, which has serious advantages over the conventional ones in terms of efficiency and graphicness. Three phases are included, i.e., the preparing phase, the voting phase and the counting phase, together with three parties, i.e., the voters, the tallyman and the ballot agency. Two major voting operations are performed on the yielded CVGS in the voting process, namely the local rotation transformation and the displacement operation. The voting information is carried by the CVGS established before hand, whose persistent entanglement is deployed to keep the privacy of votes and the anonymity of legal voters. For practical applications, two CVGS-based quantum ballots, i.e., comparative ballot and anonymous survey, are specially designed, followed by the extended ballot schemes for the binary-valued and multi-valued ballots under some constraints for the voting design. Security is ensured by entanglement of the CVGS, the voting operations and the laws of quantum mechanics. The proposed schemes can be implemented using the standard off-the-shelf components when compared to discrete-variable quantum voting schemes attributing to the characteristics of the CV-based quantum cryptography.

  4. "Euclidean Revealed Preferences: Testing the Spatial Voting Model"

    OpenAIRE

    Marc Henry; Ismael Mourifie

    2011-01-01

    In the spatial model of voting, voters choose the candidate closest to them in the ideological space. Recent work by (Degan and Merlo 2009) shows that it is falsifiable on the basis of individual voting data in multiple elections. We show how to tackle the fact that the model only partially identifies the distribution of voting profiles and we give a formal revealed preference test of the spatial voting model in 3 national elections in the US, and strongly reject the spatial model in all case...

  5. Le modèle du corps en danse classique comme prescription mathématique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Biliana Vassileva Fouilhoux

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Nous proposons d'examiner les différentes dimensions singulières du modèle du corps comme prescription mathématique dans l'enseignement de la danse classique ainsi que dans le domaine de création chorégraphique. Après une perspective socio-historique, nous avons choisi le cas particulier du travail du chorégraphe américain William Forsythe, reconnu pour son apport dans le renouvellement des codes esthétiques classique. En effet, dans le domaine de la danse, le modèle du corps comme prescription mathématique est indispensable dans l'acquisition de coordinations spécialisées. Ce modèle géométrique et harmonieux est souvent inscrit dans une opposition technique (qui s'acquiert par l'effort à une sensibilité artistique (qui a toujours été là. Questionner le modèle du corps comme prescription mathématique dans le domaine de la danse, c'est mener une critique de son économie de production, de sa politique intérieure (du gouvernement de son propre corps à celui des spectateurs, de ses conditions d'exposition et de réception, de ses processus de création, et plus encore de la formation de ses artistes. Aussi, la question qui a conduit notre recherche est celle du modèle du corps en danse classique, plus précisément la survalorisation de la prescription mathématique dans un esprit de perfectionnement.

  6. Stylized Facts in Brazilian Vote Distributions.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Angelo Mondaini Calvão

    Full Text Available Elections, specially in countries such as Brazil, with an electorate of the order of 100 million people, yield large-scale data-sets embodying valuable information on the dynamics through which individuals influence each other and make choices. In this work we perform an extensive analysis of data sets available for Brazilian proportional elections of legislators and city councilors throughout the period 1970-2014, which embraces two distinct political regimes: a military regime followed by a democratic one. We perform a comparative analysis of elections for legislative positions, in different states and years, through the distribution p(v of the number of candidates receiving v votes. We show the impact of the different political regimes on the vote distributions. Although p(v has a common shape, with a scaling behavior, quantitative details change over time and from one electorate to another. In order to interpret the observed features, we propose a multi-species model consisting in a system of nonlinear differential equations, with values of the parameters that reflect the heterogeneity of candidates. In its simplest setting, the model can not explain the cutoff, formed by the most voted candidates, whose success is determined mainly by their peculiar, intrinsic characteristics, such as previous publicity. However, the modeling allows to interpret the scaling of p(v, yielding a predictor of the degree of feedback in the interactions of the electorate. Knowledge of the feedback is relevant beyond the context of elections, since a similar interactivity may occur for other social contagion processes in the same population.

  7. Voting over informal risk-sharing rules

    OpenAIRE

    Ambec, S.

    2005-01-01

    People vote over risk-sharing rules to cope with random revenues. Risk-sharing rules are enforced through peer pressure : those who comply exert a negative externality on those who do not. People are differently affected by this externality. The author determines the elected risk-sharing rules and the level of compliance. It turns out that full risk-sharing is achieved only if everybody complies. Partial risk-sharing is more often achieved with, sometime, some level of non-compliance. In many...

  8. Le CERN traque le boson de Higgs

    CERN Multimedia

    2003-01-01

    "Avec des 27 kilomètres de circonférence, le LHC, le collisionneur de hadrons, sera le plus grand et le plus puissant accélérateur au monde. Ce géant a été conçu, entre autres, pour détecter le boson de Higgs" (0.5 page)

  9. Le style de l’autobiographie chez Peter Handke (1967-1972)

    OpenAIRE

    Desbrière-Nicolas, Brigitte

    2013-01-01

    Un an à peine après avoir accédé à la gloire d’une façon fulgurante, P. Handke, le provocateur, le représentant de la littérature expérimentale, compose à vingt-cinq ans Ein autobiographischer Essay, dont le grand public ne prendra connaissance qu’en 1972 lors de sa publication dans le recueil d’essais Ich bin ein Bewohner des Elfenbeinturms. Wunschloses Unglück, récit composé après le suicide de la mère, paraît la même année, il est accueilli à la fois comme biographie maternelle et document...

  10. A Remotely Secure E-Voting and Social Governance System Using Android Platform

    OpenAIRE

    Pranay R. Pashine; Dhiraj P. Ninave; Mahendra R. Kelapure; Sushil L. Raut; Rahul S. Rangari; Kamal O. Hajari

    2014-01-01

    The present system of casting votes has resulted in a number of problems such as low percentage of voting, late results, discomfort to old aged and handicapped people etc. Voting through EVM has not been able to address these problems completely. To overcome these lacunas an attempt has been made to introduce an android application specifically designed for electronic voting that will enable peoples to vote securely from anywhere without moving to a voting machine by using their own Mobile ph...

  11. 12 CFR 1261.5 - Determination of member votes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... the members. (b) Number of votes. For each member directorship and each independent directorship that..., the number of votes that any member may cast for any one directorship shall not exceed the average... required to hold as of the record date shall be determined in accordance with 12 CFR 925.20 and 925.22,...

  12. Face Recognition as an Authentication Technique in Electronic Voting

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Noha E. El-Sayad

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available In this research a Face Detection and Recognition system (FDR used as an Authentication technique in online voting, which one of electronic is voting types, is proposed. Web based voting allows the voter to vote from any place in state or out of state. The voter’s image is captured and passed to a face detection algorithm (Eigenface or Gabor filter which is used to detect his face from the image and save it as the first matching point. The voter’s National identification card number is used to retrieve and return his saved photo from the database of the Supreme Council elections (SCE which is passed to the same detection algorithm (Eigenface or Gabor filter to detect face from it and save it as second matching point. The two matching points are used by a matching algorithm to check wither they are identical or not. If the results of the matching algorithm are two point match then checks wither this person has the right to vote or not. If he has right to vote then a voting form is presented to him. The result shows that the proposed algorithm capable of finding over 90% of the faces in database and allows their voter to vote in approximately 58 seconds.

  13. The theory of voting and equilibria in noncooperative games

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sloth, Birgitte

    1993-01-01

    We consider the problem of modeling voting situations, seeking models and equilibrium concepts which are easier to incorporate in large sequential decision games than the models and solution concepts used by the "theory of voting." It is demonstrated that one can avoid using very refined solution...

  14. Defending majority voting systems against a strategic attacker

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Voting systems used in technical and tactical decision making in pattern recognition and target detection, data handling, signal processing, distributed and secure computing etc. are considered. A maxmin two period game is analyzed where the defender first protects and chooses units for participation in voting. The attacker thereafter attacks a subset of units. It is shown that when the defender protects all the voting units, the optimal number of units chosen for voting is either one or the maximal possible odd number. When the defender protects only the units chosen for voting, the optimal number of chosen units increases with the defender resource superiority (i.e., more resources than the attacker) and with probability of providing correct output by any unit. The system success probability always increases in the total number of voting units, the defender–attacker resource ratio, and the probability that each voting unit produces a correct output. The system success probability increases in the attacker–defender contest intensity if the defender achieves per-unit resource superiority, and otherwise decreases in the contest intensity. The presented model and enumerative algorithm allow obtaining optimal voting system defense strategy for any combination of parameters: total number of units, attack and defense resources, unit success probability and contest intensity.

  15. Empirical study on voting power in participatory forest planning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vainikainen, N; Kangas, A; Kangas, J

    2008-07-01

    Multicriteria decision support systems are applied in natural resource management in order to clarify the planning process for the stakeholders, to make all available information usable and all objectives manageable. Especially when the public is involved in planning, the decision support system should be easy to comprehend, transparent and fair. Social choice theory has recently been applied to group decision-making in natural resources management to accomplish these objectives. Although voting forms the basis of democracy, and is usually taken as a fair method, the influence of voters over the outcome may vary. It is also possible to vote strategically to improve the results from each stakeholder's point of view. This study examines the use of social choice theory in revealing stakeholders' preferences in participatory forest planning, and the influence of different voters on the outcome. The positional voting rules examined were approval voting and Borda count, but both rules were slightly modified for the purposes of this study. The third rule examined, cumulative rule, resembles utilitarian voting rules. The voting rules were tested in a real participatory forest planning situation in eastern Lapland, Finland. All voting rules resulted in a different joint order of importance of the criteria. Yet, the preference orders produced had also a lot in common and the criteria could be divided into three quite distinct groups according to their importance. The influence of individual voters varied between the voting rules, and in each case different voter was the most influential. PMID:17395363

  16. 7 CFR 989.129 - Voting at nomination meetings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Voting at nomination meetings. 989.129 Section 989.129... GROWN IN CALIFORNIA Administrative Rules and Regulations Raisin Administrative Committee § 989.129 Voting at nomination meetings. Any person (defined in § 989.3 as an individual, partnership,...

  17. Digital Voting Systems and Communication in Classroom Lectures

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mathiasen, Helle

    2015-01-01

    where feedback is important, as well as to the more widely recognized controlled approach. According to the students, digital voting systems do present the instructors with challenges. Some of these are discussed along with the students’ suggestions for further development of digital voting systems...

  18. Offline and Online E-Voting System with Embedded Security for Real Time Application

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alaguvel.R

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available An electronic voting (e-voting system is a voting system in which the election data is recorded, stored and processed primarily as digital information. There are two types of e-voting: OnLine and Offline. On-line, e.g. via Internet, and offline, by using a voting machine or an electronic polling booth. Authentication of Voters, Security of voting process, Securing voted data are the main challenge of e-voting. This is the reason why designing a secure e-voting system is very important. In many proposals, the security of the system relies mainly on the black box voting machine. But security of data, privacy of the voters and the accuracy of the vote are also main aspects that have to be taken into consideration while building secure e-voting system. In this project the authenticating voters and polling data security aspects for e-voting systems was discussed. It ensures that vote casting cannot be altered by unauthorized person. The voter authentication in online e-voting process can be done by formal registration through administrators and by entering GSM One time password. In Offline e-voting process authentication can be done using facial recognization, finger vein sensing and RFID (smart cards which enables the electronic ballot reset for allowing voters to cast their votes. Also the voted data and voters details can be sent to the nearby Database Administration unit in a timely manner using GSM System with cryptography technique.

  19. An Application of time stamped proxy blind signature in e-voting

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suryakanta Panda

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Voting is a way for a voter to make a decision or express an opinion or to choose a candidate. E-voting (Electronic Voting refers to both the electronic means of casting a vote and the electronic means of counting and publishing that votes. The E - voting system has some specific advantages as compared to the traditional voting system. In this paper, a secure and efficient e-voting protocol is proposed which is based on the time stamped proxy blind signature.

  20. Dans le grand collisionneur du CERN

    CERN Document Server

    Campanelli, Mario

    2014-01-01

    Ce livre fait pénétrer le lecteur non initié dans l’instrument scientifique le plus grand du monde. D’ailleurs, le web fut précisément inventé à Genève en vue d’une collaboration aussi gigantesque. Résultat de vingt ans de recherche, le LHC, Grand collisionneur de hadrons, est l’anneau de 26,7 km creusé sous la frontière francosuisse, où sont accélérés, en sens opposés, des paquets de particules jusqu’à des vitesses et des énergies extrêmes. Ainsi la physique s’est-elle engagée dans une étape nouvelle de nos connaissances. Après les grandes découvertes de l’univers et de la réalité microscopique du siècle dernier, le collisionneur nous fait progresser aujourd’hui dans un «nuage de probabilités» aux frontières de l’antimatière. Dans une bousculade de particules, voici le champ convoité du boson de Higgs. Mario Campanelli, professeur associé à l’Université de Londres et collaborateur au projet ATLAS du LHC, propose, dans cet ouvrage, de s’introduire pas �...

  1. Chapitre IV. Lele parental*

    OpenAIRE

    Dagenais, Daniel

    2015-01-01

    Si on laisse de côté la légitimation amoureuse de la fondation d’une nouvelle famille à chaque génération, re-fondation obligée qui montre comment la famille nucléaire rompt avec le réseau de parenté au lieu de s’insérer dans sa continuité, la socialisation de l’enfant apparaît comme la raison d’être de la famille moderne. Loin d’être la seule fonction qui lui resterait, par attrition, après avoir perdu toute assise concrète (transmission du patrimoine, unité de production domestique, etc.), ...

  2. Secure Internet Voting System based on Public Key Kerberos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hussein Khalid Abd-Alrazzq

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Electronic voting system is an important tool which allows voters to vote over the Internet without the geographical restrictions with considers important criteria in evaluating electronic voting schemes such as the mobility, democracy, and privacy. In this paper secure remote voting system has been presented. The proposed system uses public key Kerberos which is another form of traditional Kerberos as infrastructure deal with voters. The public key is used in all steps of Kerberos (not only in initial. The proposed system utilizes the advantages of threshold cryptography to prevent anyone to decrypt or sign the ballot alone without agreement all authorities, and use threshold blind signature to prevent discovers the vote or the identity of voter and protect the content of the ballot during casting and provide verifiable and discourages ballot buying.

  3. E-Voting Protocol Based On Public-Key Cryptography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hayam K. Al-Anie

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we propose a new secure E-Voting protocol based on public-key encryption cryptosystem. This protocol is summarized in three processes: firstly, access control process which involves the identification and authentication phases for the applied citizens. Secondly, the voting process which will be done byciphering the voter information using public-key encryption cryptosystem (RSA, to be submitted over an insecure network to the specified government election server. Finally, the election server administrator will sort the final result by deciphering the received encrypted information using RSA private key. Actually, this E-Voting protocol is more efficient than others E-Voting protocols since the voter can vote from his/her own personal computer (PC without any extra cost and effort. The RSA public-key encryption system ensures the security of the proposed protocol. However, to prevent a brute force attack, the choice of the key size becomes crucial.

  4. Phase transition and information cascade in a voting model

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this paper, we introduce a voting model that is similar to a Keynesian beauty contest and analyse it from a mathematical point of view. There are two types of voters-copycat and independent-and two candidates. Our voting model is a binomial distribution (independent voters) doped in a beta binomial distribution (copycat voters). We find that the phase transition in this system is at the upper limit of t, where t is the time (or the number of the votes). Our model contains three phases. If copycats constitute a majority or even half of the total voters, the voting rate converges more slowly than it would in a binomial distribution. If independents constitute the majority of voters, the voting rate converges at the same rate as it would in a binomial distribution. We also study why it is difficult to estimate the conclusion of a Keynesian beauty contest when there is an information cascade.

  5. Anonymous voting for multi-dimensional CV quantum system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rong-Hua, Shi; Yi, Xiao; Jin-Jing, Shi; Ying, Guo; Moon-Ho, Lee

    2016-06-01

    We investigate the design of anonymous voting protocols, CV-based binary-valued ballot and CV-based multi-valued ballot with continuous variables (CV) in a multi-dimensional quantum cryptosystem to ensure the security of voting procedure and data privacy. The quantum entangled states are employed in the continuous variable quantum system to carry the voting information and assist information transmission, which takes the advantage of the GHZ-like states in terms of improving the utilization of quantum states by decreasing the number of required quantum states. It provides a potential approach to achieve the efficient quantum anonymous voting with high transmission security, especially in large-scale votes. Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 61272495, 61379153, and 61401519), the Research Fund for the Doctoral Program of Higher Education of China (Grant No. 20130162110012), and the MEST-NRF of Korea (Grant No. 2012-002521).

  6. Le rêve d'une fille

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁凤

    2011-01-01

    Un jour,après un cours de géographie dans un collège,une petite fille de 13 ans a transformé son argent de poche en une carte du monde dans une librairie.Elle l'a collée sur le mur devant le lit dans sa chambre.Ce monde sur papier entrait dans ses yeux dès qu'elle les ouvrait chaque matin.Elle marquait d'une étoile le pays sur cette carte du monde chaque fois qu'elle l'avait visité.Le rêve de faire un voyage dans le monde entier lui est venu à l'esprit,et est ainsi devenu une force tout au long de son parcours.

  7. Introduction. Le miraculaire, objet pour l’histoire des coptes

    OpenAIRE

    Voile, Brigitte

    2013-01-01

    Commençons par un point d’étymologie : le mot « copte » trouve son origine dans le terme Aegyptos que les Grecs ont utilisé dans l’Antiquité pour désigner les habitants de la vallée du Nil. Le mot a perduré après que le christianisme s’est répandu en Égypte, à partir du iie siècle, jusqu’à la conquête du pays par les Arabes au viie siècle. Ces derniers l’ont repris à leur compte en l’arabisant : Aegyptos est alors devenu qibt. Mais les Arabes en ont substantiellement transformé le sens : à pa...

  8. Performance Analysis of APR+ PAFS for CDF evaluation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Advanced Power Reactor Plus (APR+), which is a GEN III+ reactor based on the APR1400, is being developed in Korea. In order to enhance the safety of the APR+, a passive auxiliary feedwater system (PAFS) has been adopted. The PAFS replaces the conventional active auxiliary feedwater system (AFWS) by introducing a natural driving force mechanism while maintaining the system functions of cooling the primary side and removing the decay heat. As the PAFS completely replaces the conventional active auxiliary feedwater system (AFWS), it is necessary to verify its cooling capacity for the core damage frequency (CDF) evaluation. This paper discusses the cooling performance of the PAFS in transient accidents

  9. Performance Analysis of APR+ PAFS for CDF evaluation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kang, Sang Hee; Kim, Han Gon [Korea Hydro and Nuclear Power Co., Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

    2011-05-15

    The Advanced Power Reactor Plus (APR+), which is a GEN III+ reactor based on the APR1400, is being developed in Korea. In order to enhance the safety of the APR+, a passive auxiliary feedwater system (PAFS) has been adopted. The PAFS replaces the conventional active auxiliary feedwater system (AFWS) by introducing a natural driving force mechanism while maintaining the system functions of cooling the primary side and removing the decay heat. As the PAFS completely replaces the conventional active auxiliary feedwater system (AFWS), it is necessary to verify its cooling capacity for the core damage frequency (CDF) evaluation. This paper discusses the cooling performance of the PAFS in transient accidents

  10. Le Sanskrit

    CERN Document Server

    Balbir, Nalini

    2013-01-01

    Cet ouvrage est destiné à tous ceux qui souhaitent se mettre ou se remettre à l'étude du sanskrit et ne peuvent y consacrer que quelques minutes par jour. En suivant le principe de la méthode quotidienne Assimil, vous acquerrez progressivement le vocabulaire et la grammaire de base qui sont nécessaires à la lecture des textes de la littérature sanskrite classique. Vous trouverez dans cette méthode une approche vivante de la langue et de la culture sanskrite classique à travers des textes d'abord adaptés pour le débutant puis authentiques. En quelques mois, vous manierez la langue sans efforts ni hésitation, de manière très naturelle. Les enregistrements reprennent l'intégralité des textes en sanskrit des leçons et des exercices de traduction du livre. Ils sont interprétés, à un rythme progressif, par des locuteurs natifs professionnels.

  11. Involvement of Stringent Factor RelA in Expression of the Alkaline Protease Gene aprE in Bacillus subtilis

    OpenAIRE

    Hata, Michihiro; Ogura, Mitsuo; Tanaka, Teruo

    2001-01-01

    Expression of Bacillus subtilis aprE, encoding an extracellular alkaline protease, is positively regulated by phosphorylated DegU, the regulator of a two-component regulatory system, DegS-DegU. We found that the expression of an aprE′-′lacZ fusion was greatly reduced in a disruption mutant with a mutation of relA, which encodes the stringent factor RelA. The level of DegU in the relA mutant was similar to that in the wild-type cell. A relA degU double mutation did not result in a further decr...

  12. The development of a passive auxiliary feedwater system in APR+

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Advanced Power Reactor Plus (APR+) is being developed in Korea. APR+ is a GEN III+ reactor on the basis of the APR1400. To meet the requirements of GEN III+ reactors, the economics and the safety of the APR+ are further enhanced. One of the basic principles of APR+ safety systems is the adoption of hybrid safety systems. Passive safety systems replace the current active safety systems from an economic point of view. The passive aux. feedwater system (PAFS) is one of the passive safety features adopted in the APR+. The PAFS replaces the conventional active auxiliary feedwater system by introducing a natural driving force mechanism while maintaining the system's basic Junction of cooling down the primary side and removing the decay heat. In order to satisfy the single failure criterion, the PAFS is composed of two independent trains. Each train has one steam condensing heat exchanger of 100% capability and one PCCT (Passive Condensation Cooling water Tank) of 100% capability. Basic design is underway and separate effect tests and integral effect tests will be performed to demonstrate the performance of the PAFS. (authors)

  13. Vote Stuffing Control in IPTV-based Recommender Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhatt, Rajen

    Vote stuffing is a general problem in the functioning of the content rating-based recommender systems. Currently IPTV viewers browse various contents based on the program ratings. In this paper, we propose a fuzzy clustering-based approach to remove the effects of vote stuffing and consider only the genuine ratings for the programs over multiple genres. The approach requires only one authentic rating, which is generally available from recommendation system administrators or program broadcasters. The entire process is automated using fuzzy c-means clustering. Computational experiments performed over one real-world program rating database shows that the proposed approach is very efficient for controlling vote stuffing.

  14. A Electronic Voting Scheme Achieved by Using Quantum Proxy Signature

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cao, Hai-Jing; Ding, Li-Yuan; Yu, Yao-Feng; Li, Peng-Fei

    2016-09-01

    In this paper, we propose a new electronic voting scheme using Bell entangled states as quantum channels. This scheme is based on quantum proxy signature. The voter Alice, vote management center Bob, teller Charlie and scrutineer Diana only perform single particle measurement to realize the electronic voting process. So the scheme reduces the technical difficulty and increases operation efficiency. It can be easily realized. We use quantum key distribution and one-time pad to guarantee its unconditional security. The scheme uses the physical characteristics of quantum mechanics to guarantee its anonymity, verifiability, unforgetability and undeniability.

  15. A Electronic Voting Scheme Achieved by Using Quantum Proxy Signature

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cao, Hai-Jing; Ding, Li-Yuan; Yu, Yao-Feng; Li, Peng-Fei

    2016-06-01

    In this paper, we propose a new electronic voting scheme using Bell entangled states as quantum channels. This scheme is based on quantum proxy signature. The voter Alice, vote management center Bob, teller Charlie and scrutineer Diana only perform single particle measurement to realize the electronic voting process. So the scheme reduces the technical difficulty and increases operation efficiency. It can be easily realized. We use quantum key distribution and one-time pad to guarantee its unconditional security. The scheme uses the physical characteristics of quantum mechanics to guarantee its anonymity, verifiability, unforgetability and undeniability.

  16. Voting in a Stochastic Environment: The Case of Two Groups

    CERN Document Server

    Chebotarev, P Yu; Tsodikova, Ya Yu; Lezina, Z M; Borzenko, V I

    2011-01-01

    Social dynamics determined by voting in a stochastic environment is analyzed for a society composed of two cohesive groups of similar size. Within the model of random walks determined by voting, explicit formulas are derived for the capital increments of the groups against the parameters of the environment and "claim thresholds" of the groups. The "unanimous acceptance" and "unanimous rejection" group rules are considered as the voting procedures. Claim thresholds are evaluated that are most beneficial to the participants of the groups and to the society as a whole.

  17. Network-Based Voting System—Evaluation and Optimization of CCMVS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张欢; 唐竞新

    2001-01-01

    This paper gives a brief introduction to a novel voting system,the Network-based Voting System (NVS). The system design is based on the careful analysis and evaluation of a traditional voting system, the computer controlled and managed voting system. The new system integrates technologies such as image processing, networking and databases to enhance three aspects of system performance:

  18. Towards a Standard Architecture for Digital Voting Systems - Defining a Generalized Ballot Schema

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cochran, Dermot Robert

    2015-01-01

    Many electoral jurisdictions have their own distinctive voting schemes. There is no clear consensus about the ideal voting scheme for fair elections. Various systems for electronic and online voting have been either proposed or developed, but these systems tend to be aimed at particular vote...

  19. Le vieillard et le chevalier

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mélanie JECKER

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available Éléments introductifs Ces réflexions initiales n’auront pas pour point de départ le rappel du problème posé par la présence de vieillards toujours plus nombreux au sein de nos sociétés contemporaines. Je ne nie pas l’importance ni l’intérêt du phénomène relativement récent du vieillissement de la population en Occident, mais ce constat ne fut pas à l’origine de mon travail. Ce qui a porté ma curiosité vers le thème des âges de la vie n’est pas mon propre présent mais l’attrait et même, oserai...

  20. The Value of Voting Rights to Majority Shareholders: Evidence from Dual Class Stock Unifications

    OpenAIRE

    Hauser, Shmuel; Lauterbach, Beni

    2000-01-01

    We study transactions of voting rights. In our sample of 67 dual class unifications superior vote shareholders give up their superior voting status (all firm stocks become “one share one vote†), and receive (in most cases) compensation in the form of additional stocks. Based on the compensation granted, the median price of 1% of the vote is about 0.1% of firm’s equity. More interestingly, the price of vote decreases with institutional holdings, and increases with the percentage vote los...

  1. A Voting Protocol Based on the Controlled Quantum Operation Teleportation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tian, Juan-Hong; Zhang, Jian-Zhong; Li, Yan-Ping

    2016-05-01

    Based on the controlled quantum operation teleportation, a secure voting protocol is proposed in this paper. Genuine four-qubit entangled state functions as the quantum channel. The eligible voter's quantum operation which represents his vote information can be transmitted to the tallyman Bob with the help of the scrutineer Charlie. Voter's quantum identity authentication provides the anonymity of voters'ID, which is ensured by a zero-knowledge proof of the notary organization CA. Charlie's supervision in the whole voting process can make the protocol satisfy verifiability and non-reusability so as to avoid Bob's dishonest behaviour. The security analysis shows that the voting protocol satisfies unforgeability, and has great advantages over some relevant researches. Additionally, the quantum operation can be transmitted successfully with the probability 1, which can make the protocol reliable and practical.

  2. Public Goods and Voting on Formal Sanction Schemes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Putterman, Louis; Tyran, Jean-Robert; Kamei, Kenju

    the free-rider problem, depending on parameter settings. Most groups quickly learned to choose parameters inducing efficient outcomes. But despite uniform money payoffs implying common interest in those parameters, voting patterns suggest significant influence of cooperative orientation, political...

  3. Public goods and voting on formal sanction schemes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Putterman, Louis; Tyran, Jean-Robert Karl; Kamei, Kenju

    2011-01-01

    exacerbating the free-rider problem, depending on parameter settings. Most groups quickly learned to choose parameters inducing efficient outcomes. We find that cooperative orientation, political attitude, gender and intelligence have a small but sometimes significant influence on voting....

  4. 50 CFR 270.6 - Sector participants eligible to vote.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE FISH AND SEAFOOD PROMOTION SPECIES-SPECIFIC SEAFOOD MARKETING COUNCILS § 270.6 Sector participants eligible to vote. (a) Any participant who meets the...

  5. Statistical analysis of Nomao customer votes for spots of France

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pálovics, Róbert; Daróczy, Bálint; Benczúr, András; Pap, Julia; Ermann, Leonardo; Phan, Samuel; Chepelianskii, Alexei D.; Shepelyansky, Dima L.

    2015-08-01

    We investigate the statistical properties of votes of customers for spots of France collected by the startup company Nomao. The frequencies of votes per spot and per customer are characterized by a power law distribution which remains stable on a time scale of a decade when the number of votes is varied by almost two orders of magnitude. Using the computer science methods we explore the spectrum and the eigenvalues of a matrix containing user ratings to geolocalized items. Eigenvalues nicely map to large towns and regions but show certain level of instability as we modify the interpretation of the underlying matrix. We evaluate imputation strategies that provide improved prediction performance by reaching geographically smooth eigenvectors. We point on possible links between distribution of votes and the phenomenon of self-organized criticality.

  6. Statistical analysis of NOMAO customer votes for spots of France

    CERN Document Server

    Palovics, Robert; Benczur, Andras; Pap, Julia; Ermann, Leonardo; Phan, Samuel; Chepelianskii, Alexei D; Shepelyansky, Dima L

    2015-01-01

    We investigate the statistical properties of votes of customers for spots of France collected by the startup company NOMAO. The frequencies of votes per spot and per customer are characterized by a power law distributions which remain stable on a time scale of a decade when the number of votes is varied by almost two orders of magnitude. Using the computer science methods we explore the spectrum and the eigenvalues of a matrix containing user ratings to geolocalized items. Eigenvalues nicely map to large towns and regions but show certain level of instability as we modify the interpretation of the underlying matrix. We evaluate imputation strategies that provide improved prediction performance by reaching geographically smooth eigenvectors. We point on possible links between distribution of votes and the phenomenon of self-organized criticality.

  7. Election Districts and Precincts, vote, Published in 2003, Daggett County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Election Districts and Precincts dataset, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 2003. It is described as 'vote'. Data by this publisher are...

  8. Information-Theoretically Secure Voting Without an Honest Majority

    CERN Document Server

    Broadbent, Anne

    2008-01-01

    We present three voting protocols with unconditional privacy and information-theoretic correctness, without assuming any bound on the number of corrupt voters or voting authorities. All protocols have polynomial complexity and require private channels and a simultaneous broadcast channel. Our first protocol is a basic voting scheme which allows voters to interact in order to compute the tally. Privacy of the ballot is unconditional, but any voter can cause the protocol to fail, in which case information about the tally may nevertheless transpire. Our second protocol introduces voting authorities which allow the implementation of the first protocol, while reducing the interaction and limiting it to be only between voters and authorities and among the authorities themselves. The simultaneous broadcast is also limited to the authorities. As long as a single authority is honest, the privacy is unconditional, however, a single corrupt authority or a single corrupt voter can cause the protocol to fail. Our final pr...

  9. The fate of the square root law for correlated voting

    CERN Document Server

    Kirsch, Werner

    2012-01-01

    We consider two-tier voting system and try to determine optimal weights for a fair representation in such systems. A prominent example of such a voting system is the Council of Ministers of the European Union. Under the assumption of independence of the voters, the square root law gives a fair distribution of power (based on the Penrose-Banzhaf power index) and a fair distribution of weights (based on the concept of the majority deficit), both given in the book by Felsenthal and Machover. In this paper, special emphasis is given to the case of correlated voters. The cooperative behaviour of the voters is modeled by suitable adoptions of spin systems known from statistical physics. Under certain assumptions we are able to compute the optimal weights as well as the average deviation of the council's vote from the public vote which we call the democracy deficit.

  10. Preference Integration and Optimization of Multistage Weighted Voting System Based on Ordinal Preference

    OpenAIRE

    Yu-ke Chen; Yan Zou; Zhe Chen

    2014-01-01

    Multistage voting is a common voting form through which the winners are selected. By virtue of weighted multistage voting rules, in this paper, we establish a weighted voting model by analyzing the correlation between individual preference and group preference. The weights of voters in each voting stage are adjusted through preference deviation degrees between individual preferences and group preference, and the ranking among candidates in each stage is determined according to weighted Borda ...

  11. The Elimination of Broker Voting in Director Elections

    OpenAIRE

    Ali AKYOL; Raff, Konrad; Verwijmeren, Patrick

    2012-01-01

    After pressure from shareholder activists, proxy advisory firms, and the New York Stock Exchange, the Securities and Exchange Commission has eliminated uninstructed broker voting in director elections. We observe that average director approval rates remain high after the change in regulation, while the probability of a director being voted off the board remains low. In addition, we find no evidence of significant wealth effects of the change in regulation. We do find that firms are increasing...

  12. Intertemporal commitment problems and voting on redistributive taxation

    OpenAIRE

    Glazer, Amihai; Konrad, Kai A.

    1992-01-01

    A rich person who fears a loss of income may later favor redistributive taxation and a mix of taxes and public goods that differs from the one he now favors. If mobility is costly, and if government in each period uses majority voting to determine policy, then this person may prefer to live in a community that is permanently ruled by poor residents. Majority voting is a mechanism that can overcome intertemporal commitment problems of income insurance.

  13. An Empirical Study of the Determinants of Green Party Voting

    OpenAIRE

    Ingmar Schumacher

    2013-01-01

    I empirically study the determinants of individuals' green voting behavior. I sug- gest that voting behavior is a less biased variable than commonly-used measures like willingness-to-pay and may be a better proxy for characterizing environmental attitudes. I make use of three datasets from Germany, a panel dataset and two cross- sectional datasets. The empirically strongest determinants are the voters' attitude or distance to nuclear sites, the level of schooling and the net income. I show th...

  14. Majority runoff elections: strategic voting and Duverger's hypothesis

    OpenAIRE

    Bouton, Laurent; Gratton, Gabriele

    2015-01-01

    The majority runoff system is widely used around the world. Yet, our understanding of its properties and of voters’ behavior is limited. In this paper, we fully characterize the set of strictly perfect voting equilibria in large three-candidate majority runoff elections. Considering all possible distributions of preference orderings and intensities, we prove that only two types of equilibria can exist. First, there are always equilibria in which only two candidates receive votes. Second, ther...

  15. NFC technology in the implementation of voting system

    OpenAIRE

    Košenina, Luka

    2015-01-01

    The thesis discusses the use of NFC (Near Field Communication) technology and presents the use of modern online and mobile technologies which can improve the performance of public and private voting. The problem of identifying the participating people is carried out using NFC mobile devices. To perform the voting we constructed web and mobile application. The web application is designed in the Django Web Framework, which keeps the necessary information by means of a relation...

  16. NFC technology in the implementation of voting system

    OpenAIRE

    Košenina, Luka

    2014-01-01

    The thesis discusses the use of NFC (Near Field Communication) technology and presents the use of modern online and mobile technologies which can improve the performance of public and private voting. The problem of identifying the participating people is carried out using NFC mobile devices. To perform the voting we constructed web and mobile application. The web application is designed in the Django Web Framework, which keeps the necessary information by means of a relation...

  17. The limited power of voting to limit power

    OpenAIRE

    Hong Geng; Arne Robert Weiss; Irenaeus Wolff

    2010-01-01

    In this paper, we experimentally approach the question of which aspects of a voting procedure are able to restrict elected candidates’ willingness to use their power in an opportunistic way. For this purpose, we rule out re-election concerns and analyze whether the presence of a vote by itself matters for the exercise of power. We compare two kinds of electoral campaigns: self-descriptions of personality and promises regarding prospective in-office behavior. We find that social approval as co...

  18. Simplified preferences, voting, and the power of combination.

    OpenAIRE

    Silvia Rensi; Enrico Zaninotto

    2004-01-01

    In this paper we interpreted the decision to vote for a particular party as a process of delegation to decision makers having a simplified system of preferences. Each person in a population votes for the political party that place priority on one or more issues that they consider important. Moreover, on the basis of a survey on preferences of population, we have simulated a delegation procedure which chart the selection process of a particular party. Finally, making use of noncommutative harm...

  19. Formally counting electronic votes (but still only trusting paper)

    OpenAIRE

    Kiniry, Joseph R.

    2007-01-01

    In this extended abstract we summarize our consulting work, scientific research, and activism in the topic of electronic (computer-based) voting. The Dutch and Irish government???s activities are our particular focus, as is the Kiezen op Afstand (KOA) system, an experimental platform for electronic voting research with formal methods. We also reflect on the current state of affairs in The Netherlands and Ireland, and discuss next research steps in trustworthy, verified electronic vot...

  20. A Theory of Strategic Voting in Runoff Elections

    OpenAIRE

    Laurent Bouton

    2013-01-01

    This paper analyzes the properties of runoff electoral systems when voters are strategic. A model of three-candidate runoff elections is presented, and two new features are included: the risk of upset victory in the second round is endogenous, and many types of runoff systems are considered. Three main results emerge. First, runoff elections produce equilibria in which only two candidates receive a positive fraction of the votes. Second, a sincere voting equilibrium does not always exist. Fin...

  1. Essays on Economic Voting, Cognitive Dissonance, and Trust

    OpenAIRE

    Elinder, Mikael

    2008-01-01

    Essay 1: (with Henrik Jordahl and Panu Poutvaara) We present and test a theory of prospective and retrospective pocketbook voting. Focusing on two large reforms in Sweden, we establish a causal chain from policies to sizeable individual gains and losses and then to voting. The Social Democrats proposed budget cuts affecting parents with young children before the 1994 election, but made generous promises to the same group before the 1998 election. Since parents with older children were largely...

  2. Sticking with Your Vote: Cognitive Dissonance and Political Attitudes

    OpenAIRE

    Ebonya Washington; Sendhil Mullainathan

    2009-01-01

    Cognitive dissonance theory predicts that the act of voting for a candidate leads to a more favorable opinion of the candidate in the future. We find support for the empirical relevance of cognitive dissonance to political attitudes. We examine the presidential opinion ratings of voting-age eligibles and ineligibles two years after the president's election. We find that eligibles show two to three times greater polarization of opinions than comparable ineligibles. We find smaller effects when...

  3. Le nationalisme turc

    OpenAIRE

    Kastoryano, Riva

    1999-01-01

    Le 18 avril 1999, le "peuple turc" a choisi le nationalisme : de gauche et de droite, représenté respectivement par le parti de la Démocratie de Gauche avec 22,8% et le Parti du Mouvement National avec 18,6% (...).

  4. Le Temps de la porno-histoire

    OpenAIRE

    Darragon, Eric

    2012-01-01

    Le discours sur le corps ne date pas d’hier mais il a pris une sorte d’ascendant en matière esthétique, particulièrement dans l’histoire et la critique d’art universitaires, ce qui permet d’observer une mutation des méthodes et des formulations. Après pas mal de choses, la question de l’art se retrouve paradoxalement in statu nascendi dans la mesure où son principe s’étend sans faiblir à des démarches ou des objets nouveaux. En explorant la notion d’artialisation de l’expérience en 1978, Alai...

  5. Le tourisme alpin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrea Macchiavelli

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available La forte croissance qu’ont connue les pays alpins dans les dernières décennies a surtout été fondée sur l’offre des activités du ski, avec comme conséquence, un massif développement immobilier, la multiplication d’infrastructures et l’extension des domaines. Aujourd’hui, le marché du ski semble arriver à saturation, la Convention alpine a mis un frein à la poursuite du développement des domaines skiables et on observe donc avec intérêt la diversification de l’offre soutenue par l’innovation. Après avoir rappelé les facteurs de changement en cours les plus significatifs dans le tourisme montagnard, l’article présente une grille interprétative de l’évolution des destinations touristiques alpines, identifiant les phases qui ont caractérisé son développement. Puis il propose une réflexion sur certaines conditions qui peuvent favoriser l’innovation dans le tourisme alpin, ainsi que sur les contradictions qui les accompagnent souvent. Dans la plupart des cas l’innovation est le résultat d’un processus qui a été lancé et qui s’est développé au sein de la communauté alpine, souvent favorisé et soutenu par des institutions nationales et internationales, et grâce auquel les difficultés structurelles qui ont déjà été abordées précédemment ont pu être surmontées avec succès.The spectacular increase in tourism in the Alps in recent decades has been founded mainly on the boom in skiing, resulting in both strong real estate development and an increasing array of infrastructures and ski runs. Today the ski market seems to have virtually reached saturation point and the winter sports sector needs to diversify its offer through innovation. After a review of the main factors of change in mountain tourism, the paper presents a grid for interpreting the life cycle of alpine destinations, identifying the phases that characterize their evolution. The conditions that may favour innovation in alpine

  6. The core design of the advanced power reactor plus (APR+)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Advance Power Reactor Plus (APR+), a pressurized water reactor and an improved nuclear power reactor based on the Advanced Power Reactor 1400 MWe (APR1400) in Korea, has been developed with 18-month cycle operation strategy from its initial core. The APR+ core power is 4290 MWth which corresponds to a 1500 MWe class nuclear power plant. The reactor core consists of 257 fuel assemblies. Comparing with APR1400 core design, 16 fuel assemblies are added. Its cycle length is expected about 450 EFPD directly from initial core, although most of previous other plants had been started according to their annual or 15-month cycle operation schedule at their initial core and gone to 18-month after third - fourth cycle. In order to reduce the peaking power, fuel pin configurations of the assembly, are optimized by using some low enriched fuel pins and gadolinia bearings. APR+ core has been met the requirements as well as the above cycle length requirement; 1) peaking factor, 2) Negative MTC(Moderator Temperature Coefficient), 3) sufficient shutdown margin, 4) convergent Xenon stability Index. The maximum rod burnup and the discharge fuel assembly burnup are also satisfied those of the limit. It is expected to acquire the standard design approval by the end of 2012 by the Korean nuclear regulatory. (authors)

  7. Development of Reference Source Terms for EU-APR1400

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    These source terms are developed for the typical U. S. NPP and do not reflect the design characteristics of EU-APR1400 (1,400 MWe PWR) which will be applied for the EUR certification in European countries. The process of developing the RST for EU-APR1400 is to undergo a similar process that NUREG-1465 had gone through when it came out with its proposed source terms. The purpose of this study is to develop the EU-APR1400 design-specific RST complied with the EUR. The Large LOCA is the reference equence used in the NUREG-1465 evaluation, whereas the EUAPR1400 risk-significant sequences are dominated by small LOCA and non-LOCA sequences. Moreover, when considering the EU-APR1400 has many design features to mitigate the consequences of severe accident phenomena, it is not surprising that the aspects of both release fractions and durations are distinctly different from NUREG-1465. This RST will be continuously updated to reflect to the design features of EU-APR1400, and then, be used as the reference for design purposes such as criteria satisfaction of radioactivity releases, equipment survivability, control room habitability for severe accident, and so on

  8. Voting Places, Voting Precinct Locations - Polling Stations, Published in 2011, 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, CITY OF PORTAGE.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Voting Places dataset, published at 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Hardcopy Maps information as of 2011. It is described as 'Voting...

  9. Le cri de la nature chez Terrence Malick

    OpenAIRE

    Barnier, Martin

    2016-01-01

    Après avoir vu The Thin Red Line (La Ligne rouge, 1998), le spectateur se souviendra sûrement des voix des soldats qui se posent délicatement sur les images. Mais la plus grande partie du son de ce film se compose de musique et de bruits. Les oiseaux jouent un rôle prépondérant chez Terrence Malick. Passionné par l’ornithologie, il a souvent cherché à être le plus précis possible sur chacun des chants d’oiseaux qu’il place dans ses films. Lors du tournage de The New World (Le Nouveau monde, 2...

  10. Behavioral experiments on biased voting in networks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kearns, Michael; Judd, Stephen; Tan, Jinsong; Wortman, Jennifer

    2009-02-01

    Many distributed collective decision-making processes must balance diverse individual preferences with a desire for collective unity. We report here on an extensive session of behavioral experiments on biased voting in networks of individuals. In each of 81 experiments, 36 human subjects arranged in a virtual network were financially motivated to reach global consensus to one of two opposing choices. No payments were made unless the entire population reached a unanimous decision within 1 min, but different subjects were paid more for consensus to one choice or the other, and subjects could view only the current choices of their network neighbors, thus creating tensions between private incentives and preferences, global unity, and network structure. Along with analyses of how collective and individual performance vary with network structure and incentives generally, we find that there are well-studied network topologies in which the minority preference consistently wins globally; that the presence of "extremist" individuals, or the awareness of opposing incentives, reliably improve collective performance; and that certain behavioral characteristics of individual subjects, such as "stubbornness," are strongly correlated with earnings. PMID:19168630

  11. Analysis of Social Voting Patterns on Digg

    CERN Document Server

    Lerman, Kristina

    2008-01-01

    The social Web is transforming the way information is created and distributed. Blog authoring tools enable users to publish content, while sites such as Digg and Del.icio.us are used to distribute content to a wider audience. With content fast becoming a commodity, interest in using social networks to promote and find content has grown, both on the side of content producers (viral marketing) and consumers (recommendation). Here we study the role of social networks in promoting content on Digg, a social news aggregator that allows users to submit links to and vote on news stories. Digg's goal is to feature the most interesting stories on its front page, and it aggregates opinions of its many users to identify them. Like other social networking sites, Digg allows users to designate other users as ``friends'' and see what stories they found interesting. We studied the spread of interest in news stories submitted to Digg in June 2006. Our results suggest that pattern of the spread of interest in a story on the ne...

  12. Voting Places, Voting Polls, Published in 2010, 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, Effingham County Board Of Commissioners.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Voting Places dataset, published at 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2010. It is described...

  13. From après-ski to après-tourism: the Alps in transition?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Philippe Bourdeau

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Winter sports occupy a prominent place in European tourism, not only because of their economic importance in mountainous areas but also due to their major symbolic significance in the "leisure civilisation". Yet the world of winter tourism is full of uncertainties connected with climate change and also with evolutions and structural breaks that call into question the development model on which it is based. This context of profound change gives us the opportunity to question the limits of the industrial model that has governed the development of the Alps for the practice of skiing and to examine alternative future scenarios to "all-out skiing" and even "all-out tourism".Les sports d’hiver occupent une place de premier plan dans le tourisme européen, non seulement du fait de leur poids économique dans les régions de montagne, mais aussi par leur forte dimension symbolique dans la « civilisation des loisirs ». Pourtant l’univers du tourisme hivernal est parcouru par de nombreuses incertitudes liées au changement climatique, mais aussi à des évolutions et des ruptures structurelles qui remettent en question le modèle de développement sur lequel il repose. Ce contexte de mutation permet d’interroger les limites du modèle industriel qui a présidé à l’aménagement des Alpes pour la pratique du ski et d’examiner des figures d’avenir alternatives au « tout ski » et même au « tout tourisme ».

  14. Méthodes exactes pour le modèle d'exclusion asymétrique

    OpenAIRE

    Prolhac, Sylvain

    2009-01-01

    Cette thèse est consacrée à l'étude de quelques propriétés du modèle d'exclusion asymétrique unidimensionnel, un modèle exactement soluble de particules en interaction présentant un état stationnaire hors d'équilibre.Dans une première partie, nous expliquons les liens que le modèle d'exclusion asymétrique entretient avec d'autres modèles de la physique statistique, en particulier des modèles de croissance, de polymère dirigé en milieu aléatoire, ou encore des modèles de vertex. Après avoir ré...

  15. The nuclear risk: Chernobylsk eight years after. Le risque nucleaire: Tchernobyl huit ans apres

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Giraud, R.

    1994-01-01

    When Chernobylsk-4 reactor explodes in april 1986, more than 1.8*10[sup +18] becquerels were disseminated around. Effects on human populations show that thyroid cancers, leukemias, stress effects (increase of drugs and alcohol consumption, psychosomatic troubles...) strongly growth, and that low radiation doses carry a deregulation of lipids metabolism. A new sarcophagus must be built. Treatment of radioactive wastes (350.000 m[sup 3]) was done in urgency and must be done now or put in the new sarcophagus. And there are in the ex-USSR 15 high risks reactors. (A.B.). 5 refs., 9 photos.

  16. Securite nutritionnelle a Haiti : situation avant et apres le seisme et recommandations pour l'avenir

    OpenAIRE

    Bassett, Lucy

    2010-01-01

    Children in Haiti are born into some of the harshest conditions on the planet, and are left at a disadvantage in terms of growth, development, and potential to thrive. Malnutrition rates in Haiti are among the worst in the Latin America and Caribbean Region. Nearly one-third of all children under-five suffer from stunted growth and three quarters of children 6-24 months are anemic. Malnutr...

  17. Apres le Deluge at State U: A Comprehensive Public University Responds to the Great Recession

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skinner, Richard A.; Miller, Emily R.

    2013-01-01

    In this article, the authors describe one institution--East Carolina University--that they think is representative of an important type and a large proportion of American universities, the comprehensive public university, and its responses to the lingering Great Recession. As a group, comprehensives handle almost 40 per cent of the total student…

  18. Avariist paranev maavanem asus tööle / Erik Kalda

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kalda, Erik, 1969-

    2006-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Severnoje Poberezhje 29. märts lk. 1, Narvskaja Nedelja 1. apr. lk. 2. Mullu detsembris ränka avariisse sattunud Ida-Viru maavanem Ago Silde asus taas tööle, tegeldes maikuus toimuva Ida-Virumaa arengukonverentsi ettevalmistamisega

  19. Le rien

    OpenAIRE

    Bernard, Catherine; Besnault-Levita, Anne; Bricout, Shirley; Gallix, François; Ganteau, Jean-Michel; Gutleben, Christian; Letissier, Georges; Erik MARTINY; Mikowski, Sylvie; Morel, Michel; Pesso-Miquel, Catherine; Ross, Stephen; Sohier, Jacques

    2014-01-01

    Ce numéro d’Études britanniques contemporaines est issu des travaux de l’atelier de la SEAC (Société d’Études Anglaises Contemporaines)/ « La Nouvelle de langue anglaise » au congrès de Paris de la Société des Anglicistes de l’Enseignement Supérieur qui s’est tenu en mai 2011. L’essentiel du numéro est consacré à une réflexion sur « Le Rien » dans des textes britanniques contemporains, et une brève rubrique accueille deux articles hors thème. This issue of Études britanniques contemporaines ...

  20. Le smartphone et le concert

    OpenAIRE

    Heuguet, Guillaume

    2014-01-01

    International audience Face à la baisse des ventes de musique enregistrée, les maisons de disques mettent de plus en plus le concert au centre de leur économie : les signatures de Because Music bénéficient aussitôt du travail de tourneur de sa filiale Corrida ; Live Nation, mastodonte de l'organisation de tournées, s'est rendu propriétaire des futurs enregistrements de Jay-Z. Une multitude d'acteurs est aujourd'hui pris dans un mélange de compétition et de coopération dans l'écosystème mus...

  1. System Response Analysis of LOCV for APR1400 Using KNAP

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Korea Electric Power Research Institute (KEPRI) of Korea Electric Power Corporation (KEPCO) has been developed the non-loss-of-coolant accident (non-LOCA) analysis methodology, called as the Korea Non-LOCA Analysis Package (KNAP), for the typical Optimized Power Reactor 1000 (OPR1000) plants. Considering current licensing methodology conducted by ABB-CE, however, the KNAP could be applied to Advanced Power Reactor 1400 (APR1400). In spite of some difference in components of two plant types, there is a close resemblance between their nuclear steam supply systems (NSSS). So, in this study, the loss of condenser vacuum (LOCV) event were analyzed using KNAP for APR1400 to estimate the feasibility of the application and the results were compared with those given in APR1400 Standard Safety Analysis Report (SSAR), which were calculated using the CESEC-III code of ABB-CE. Through the study, it was concluded that the KNAP could be applicable to APR1400 on the view point of LOCV event

  2. A Distributed Weighted Voting Approach for Accurate Eye Center Estimation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gagandeep Singh

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper proposes a novel approach for accurate estimation of eye center in face images. A distributed voting based approach in which every pixel votes is adopted for potential eye center candidates. The votes are distributed over a subset of pixels which lie in a direction which is opposite to gradient direction and the weightage of votes is distributed according to a novel mechanism.  First, image is normalized to eliminate illumination variations and its edge map is generated using Canny edge detector. Distributed voting is applied on the edge image to generate different eye center candidates. Morphological closing and local maxima search are used to reduce the number of candidates. A classifier based on spatial and intensity information is used to choose the correct candidates for the locations of eye center. The proposed approach was tested on BioID face database and resulted in better Iris detection rate than the state-of-the-art. The proposed approach is robust against illumination variation, small pose variations, presence of eye glasses and partial occlusion of eyes.Defence Science Journal, 2013, 63(3, pp.292-297, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.14429/dsj.63.2763

  3. Justice blocks and predictability of US Supreme Court votes

    CERN Document Server

    Guimera, Roger; 10.1371/journal.pone.0027188

    2012-01-01

    Successful attempts to predict judges' votes shed light into how legal decisions are made and, ultimately, into the behavior and evolution of the judiciary. Here, we investigate to what extent it is possible to make predictions of a justice's vote based on the other justices' votes in the same case. For our predictions, we use models and methods that have been developed to uncover hidden associations between actors in complex social networks. We show that these methods are more accurate at predicting justice's votes than forecasts made by legal experts and by algorithms that take into consideration the content of the cases. We argue that, within our framework, high predictability is a quantitative proxy for stable justice (and case) blocks, which probably reflect stable a priori attitudes toward the law. We find that U. S. Supreme Court justice votes are more predictable than one would expect from an ideal court composed of perfectly independent justices. Deviations from ideal behavior are most apparent in di...

  4. Le cheval du picador dans la tauromachie d'hier et d'aujourd'hui

    OpenAIRE

    Justice-Espenan, Margaux

    2012-01-01

    Depuis l'Antiquité, le cheval est le collaborateur traditionnel de l'homme dans sa lutte contre le taureau. Symbole de la richesse et de l'adresse chevaleresque de l'aristocratie espagnole, le cheval est mis à l'honneur pendant l'âge d'or de la tauromachie équestre espagnole, jusqu'à la fin du XVIIème siècle. L'essor du torreo à pied et la mise en place de la corrida moderne le réduiront au rang de bête de réforme condamnée par les jeux de l'arène. Après deux siècles d'hécatombe, le cheval du...

  5. Bernard Crettaz, Le curé, le promoteur, la vache, la femme et le président. Que reste-t-il de notre procession ?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bernard Debarbieux

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Derrière ce double titre, doublement énigmatique, se cache le livre fin et sensible d’un sociologue bon connaisseur du val d’Anniviers et bien connu des Annivards. Bernard Crettaz vient de cette vallée latérale du Valais suisse. Après quelques décennies passées à Genève, entre l’université où il enseigna et le Musée d’ethnographie où il conserva, il est retourné habiter le val, en 2002, la retraite venue. Six ans plus tard, il nous livre une analyse attachante d’un siècle de mutations dans ce...

  6. Ideology, Party Systems and Corruption Voting in European Democracies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Charron, Nicholas; Bågenholm, Andreas

    2016-01-01

    What is the impact of corruption on citizens' voting behavior? There is a growing literature on an increasingly ubiquitous puzzle in many democratic countries: that corrupt officials continue to be re-elected by voters. In this study we address this issue with a novel theory and newly collected...... original survey data for 24 European countries. The crux of the argument is that voters' ideology is a salient factor in explaining why citizens would continue voting for their preferred party despite the fact that it has been involved in a corruption scandal. Developing a theory of supply (number of...... effective parties) and demand (voters must have acceptable ideological alternatives to their preferred party), we posit that there is a U-shaped relationship between the likelihood of corruption voting and where voters place themselves on the left/right spectrum. The further to the fringes, the more likely...

  7. Capacity to Vote in Persons with Dementia and the Elderly

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Javier Irastorza

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The capacity to vote in patients with mental illness is increasingly questioned. The objective of this study is to evaluate this capacity in a group of subjects with dementia (Alzheimer's disease and other elderly subjects without dementia. With a sample of 68 subjects with dementia and 25 controls living in a senior residence, a transversal study was carried out over 4 months. Subjects were evaluated with the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE and the Competence Assessment Tool for voting (CAT-V. The results were more positive for the Doe criteria (as part of the CAT-V, and a correlation was found with the MMSE in subjects with dementia and, to a lesser degree, in the controls. We conclude that the capacity to vote is related to cognitive deterioration and, within that, is more related to understanding and appreciation.

  8. Persistence in voting behavior: stronghold dynamics in elections

    CERN Document Server

    Pérez, Toni; Ramasco, Jose J; Eguíluz, Víctor M

    2015-01-01

    Influence among individuals is at the core of collective social phenomena such as the dissemination of ideas, beliefs or behaviors, social learning and the diffusion of innovations. Different mechanisms have been proposed to implement inter-agent influence in social models from the voter model, to majority rules, to the Granoveter model. Here we advance in this direction by confronting the recently introduced Social Influence and Recurrent Mobility (SIRM) model, that reproduces generic features of vote-shares at different geographical levels, with data in the US presidential elections. Our approach incorporates spatial and population diversity as inputs for the opinion dynamics while individuals' mobility provides a proxy for social context, and peer imitation accounts for social influence. The model captures the observed stationary background fluctuations in the vote-shares across counties. We study the so-called political strongholds, i.e., locations where the votes-shares for a party are systematically hig...

  9. Word of mouth and universal voting behaviour in proportional elections

    CERN Document Server

    Fortunato, S; Castellano, Claudio; Fortunato, Santo

    2006-01-01

    Human societies exhibit many examples of nontrivial collective behaviour generated by the interaction of a large number of individuals. To characterize these emergent phenomena and understand their origin it is crucial to discover regularities in the macroscopic patterns of data describing collective social phenomena. Elections are a prominent example of collective social phenomenon, and a quantitative statistical analysis has begun. Here we show that, in proportional elections, the distribution of the number of votes received by candidates is universal, i.e. it is the same function in different countries and years, when the number of votes is rescaled according to the strength of the party each candidate belongs to. A simple dynamical model for the behaviour of voters, based on the spreading of word of mouth, reproduces well the universal distribution. This finding reveals the existence in the voting process of a general underlying dynamics that does not depend on the specific historical, political and/or ec...

  10. Le syndrome post-thrombotique, préparation d'une étude clinique

    OpenAIRE

    Suillot J.

    2012-01-01

    Intro. Le syndrome post-thrombotique (SPT) est la complication chronique la plus fréquente après une thrombose veineuse profonde (TVP). Syndrome peu connu, malgré une prévalence de 20-50%, il se caractérise par des symptômes d'insuffisance veineuse chronique apparaissant après une TVP. L'utilisation de bas de compression graduée (BCG) diminue de moitié le risque de développer un SPT. Mais un problème de faible compliance est souvent un obstacle dans la prise en charge. Le but principal de cet...

  11. Voting over piese-wise linear tax methods

    OpenAIRE

    MORENO-TERNERO, Juan

    2010-01-01

    We analyze the problem of choosing the most appropriate method for apportioning taxes in a democracy. We consider a simple theoretical model of taxation and restrict our attention to piece-wise linear tax methods, which are almost ubiquitous in advanced democracies world- wide. We show that if we allow agents to vote for any method within a rich domain of piece-wise linear methods, then a majority voting equilibrium exists. Furthermore, if most voters have income below mean income then each m...

  12. Une première consultation après la crise de décembre 2007Les élections partielles du 11 juin 2008

    OpenAIRE

    Cussac, Anne

    2008-01-01

    Après les élections générales du 27 décembre 2007, les Kenyans, dans certaines circonscriptions électorales ont denouveau été appelés aux urnes le 11 juin 2008, pour élire cinq députés et une cinquantaine de représentantslocaux. Ces élections partielles, qui se déroulées dans les circonscriptions d’Ainamoi, Emuhaya, Embakasi1, Kilgoris etWajir North, ont constitué la toute première consultation après la formation du gouvernement de grande coalition entrele Party of National Unity (PNU) du Pré...

  13. Le vote électronique en France : opaque & invérifiable

    OpenAIRE

    Enguehard, Chantal

    2007-01-01

    12 pages L'analyse de l'introduction des machines à voter en France porte sur les aspects techniques, industriels et politiques. Les recherches internationales en sécurité informatique montrent que ces machines sont opaque et invérifiables.

  14. Olivier Christin, Vox populi. Une histoire du vote avant le suffrage universel

    OpenAIRE

    Deluermoz, Quentin

    2014-01-01

    Il peut sembler curieux de recenser dans les pages de la Revue d’histoire du XIXe siècle un ouvrage consacré essentiellement, dès son titre, à la période précédente. Il n’en est cependant rien. L’auteur, professeur d’histoire moderne à l’université de Neuchâtel, n’est d’ailleurs pas inconnu des spécialistes d’histoire contemporaine. Outre ses réflexions sur l’œuvre de Pierre Bourdieu et sur l’histoire des concepts en sciences sociales, ses travaux sur l’iconoclasme protestant ont été souvent ...

  15. Does vote differention affect dividend payout policy? : A study on swedish listed firms

    OpenAIRE

    Dundeberg, Mirjam

    2011-01-01

    This thesis investigates what effects control enhancing mechanisms that are associated with vote differentiation have on dividend payout policy among Swedish listed firms. The data collected for this study is for the period 2005-2007 and the sample consists of 109 companies where 61 of these have shares that are vote differentiated, and the remaining 48 companies have the one share –one vote structure. The variables in the regressions are dividend payout ratio, a dummy for vote differentiatio...

  16. Vote par internet : failles techniques et recul démocratique

    OpenAIRE

    Enguehard, Chantal

    2007-01-01

    23 pages Voting by internet may seem easy. It is not difficult to count ballots. Many banking or commercial transactions take place on the Web. Internet voting, however, presents computer scientists with a new challenge. Firstly, voting secrecy prevents observation of the voting procedure. Secondly, there should be no trace linking a voter with his ballot paper. Lastly, election fraud at all levels has existed for as long as there have been elections and this danger cannot be neglected. Th...

  17. Hearing the voice of future generations: A laboratory experiment of ``Demeny voting''

    OpenAIRE

    Yoshio Kamijo; Yoichi Hizen; Tatsuyoshi Saijo

    2015-01-01

    We report the first experimental evidence on the effect of ``Demeny voting,'' wherein some people (e.g., parents) are given additional votes as proxy for the future generation (e.g., their children). In our experiment, three subjects are separated into the present and future generations, two of them regarded as the present generation. The present generation members are asked to determine the resource allocation between the present and future generations by majority voting. We compare voting b...

  18. Un modèle statistique pour la pharmacovigilance

    OpenAIRE

    Robert, Valérie; Celeux, Gilles; Keribin, Christine

    2015-01-01

    Les effets indésirables des médicaments sont le plus souvent découverts après l'autorisation de mise sur le marché de ces médicaments. La pharmacovigilance consiste alors a détecter le plus précocement possible l'existence d'associations entre médicaments et événements indésirables. Dans cette optique, des méthodes statistiques exploratoires (IC, Bate et al., 1998 ; GPS, Dumouchel, 1999...) sont développées depuis une vingtaine d' années. Cependant, ces méthodes sont limitées par l'utilisatio...

  19. Harry Potter le héros aux mille visages

    OpenAIRE

    Leibig, Emilie

    2015-01-01

    D’après Tom Shippey, « le principal mode littéraire du 20e siècle est le fantastique ». Il est certain que la littérature Fantasy telle qu’elle fut définie par Tolkien tient aujourd’hui une place prépondérante au sein du monde littéraire contemporain, mais reconnaît-on pour autant la valeur de ses textes ? Harry Potter est le parfait exemple de ces romans auxquels de nombreuses étiquettes ont été collées : « littérature populaire », « littérature enfantine » et autre « best-seller », sont aut...

  20. Le tubage gastrique chez les poissons : mise au point d'un équipement et test chez le chabot Cottus gobio L.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    GAUDIN P.

    1981-07-01

    Full Text Available Un système de vidange stomacale a été mis au point dans le but de préciser le régime alimentaire d'une petite population de chabots (Cottus gobio L.. Le matériel et les principes d'utilisation sont décrits. La méthode a été testée au laboratoire et sur le terrain. L'expérimentation réalisée au laboratoire montre que : 1 — l'efficacité de la vidange stomacale est très satisfaisante (98,2 % , 2 — le taux de réalimentation est très élevé 24 heures après la vidange, 3 — la survie, un mois après la vidange, est de 100 % Dans les conditions de pêche électrique, la méthode s'est avérée efficace, la survie au bout de 24 heures étant voisine de celle constatée après une pêche électrique classique. Cette méthode est pratique (le temps de manipulation, par poisson, n'excède pas 1,5 minute, et permet une bonne approche du régime alimentaire du chabot dans les conditions naturelles, sans que le poisson soit sacrifié. Son application entraîne également un gain de temps appréciable par rapport aux méthodes traditionnelles d'étude du régime alimentaire des Poissons.

  1. 25 CFR 81.7 - Adoption, ratification, or revocation by majority vote.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Adoption, ratification, or revocation by majority vote... TRIBAL REORGANIZATION UNDER A FEDERAL STATUTE § 81.7 Adoption, ratification, or revocation by majority... those actually voting are in favor of adoption, ratification, or revocation. The total vote...

  2. 16 CFR 801.13 - Aggregation of voting securities, assets and non-corporate interests.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Aggregation of voting securities, assets and... COVERAGE RULES § 801.13 Aggregation of voting securities, assets and non-corporate interests. (a) Voting... acquisition, no aggregation of the two asset acquisitions is required and A may acquire all of the...

  3. 49 CFR 1013.1 - The independence of the trustee of a voting trust.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false The independence of the trustee of a voting trust... TRANSPORTATION BOARD, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION GENERAL RULES AND REGULATIONS GUIDELINES FOR THE PROPER USE OF VOTING TRUSTS § 1013.1 The independence of the trustee of a voting trust. (a) In order to avoid...

  4. Does Economic Education Make a Difference in Congress? How Economics Majors Vote on Trade

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Roark, J. Brian

    2012-01-01

    The author of this article expands the background theory of voting to incorporate the undergraduate majors of members of Congress. Examining nine votes on trade across the 109th and 110th Congresses reveals that economics majors are the only category of college major to vote in favor of free trade in a predictable way. Controls for a variety of…

  5. Verbal Communication in the APR1400 Advanced Control Room

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper introduces the characteristics of communication in advanced main controlghd rooms (MCRs) and some observations from a case study performed for APR1400 MCR. In advanced MCRs, operators need not maintain the same communication patterns as they do in conventional ones. For example, a senior reactor operator (SRO) does not have to rely on board operators for information acquisition and can get any information from his/her own workstation. This situation may also bring about new problems in MCRs such as lack of shared situation awareness and collaboration between MCR operators. To cope with these problems, the APR1400 MCR adapts several approaches in design and training for encouraging operators to communicate with each other. This paper introduces the possible changes of communication patterns and the countermeasures in design and training. Some findings from an integrated system validation for Shin Kori Units 3 and 4 are also presented

  6. Nuclear power protection systems performance study for APR 1400

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A study on plant protection system (PPS) of advanced power reactor (APR) 1400 which is one of the system to maintain nuclear power plant (NPP) operation safe and controllable has been conducted. The controllability aspect of NPP operation is an important aspect to assure the NPP operation safe and reliable. Accordingly, the study is limited in the performance of PPS. The method used in the study includes literature study, data collection, as well as review and analysis. The purpose of this study is to recognize that PPS performance can assure the NPP operation safely and controllable. The study concludes that there are several measurement parameters that actuate PPS systems to trip the reactor such as high pressurizer pressure, low pressurizer pressure, high containment building pressure and also manual trip. These parameters are measured by parallel sensor with parallel arrangement set on set point suitable with APR 1400 safety standard. (author)

  7. Preliminary Results Of LOCA Problem For APR1400 Reactor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Several features of NPP with APR1400 nuclear reactor during a loss of coolant accident (LOCA) are investigated in this study. The report describes some main design characteristics of an engineering safety systems of APR1400 and the thermal hydraulic calculation results for steady-state using MARS and RELAP/SCDAPSIM codes. Large Break LOCA accident has been analyzed and evaluated based on acceptable criteria for ECCS given by US NRC. The results from cold leg break LOCA with broken area of 0.0465 m2 in case of high pressure safety injection system (HPSI) failed to operate or 2 and 4 HPSI pumps are activated. The preliminary results of this work is a part of collaboration between INST researchers and KAERI experts in using RELAP tool for safety analysis of NPPs. (author)

  8. Conceptual Design of Passive Containment Cooling System Based on APR+

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jeon, Byongguk; No, Heecheon [Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

    2013-05-15

    Passive Auxiliary Feedwater System (PAFS) is expected to work well under extended SBO, but is vulnerable to extended SBO coupled with loss of coolant accident (LOCA). Various reactors have been developed, such as AP1000, ESBWR, and KERENA, with passive containment cooling systems (PCCSs) dealing with the accident scenario of SBO with LOCA. The performance of the PCCSs is already or almost validated. Though PCCS is well adopted into BWRs, there has been no success in PWRs with concrete containment. In this paper, we suggest a new PCCS based on APR+ and represent scoping analysis results. The Fukushima accident proved the importance of treating extended SBO. To deal with extended SBO with LOCA scenario, the PCCS based on APR+ is suggested and evaluated roughly for the first time as a PWR with concrete containment.

  9. Le vieillard et le chevalier

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mélanie JECKER

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available La fin du Moyen Âge fascine. Deux facteurs principaux expliquent l’attraction qu’exerce cette période : elle apparaît d’une part comme un moment historique riche car double, phase de transition entre le Moyen Âge et la Renaissance, où se mêlent des cadres de représentation anciens et nouveaux. L’insinuation d’une pensée humaniste balbutiante s’y traduirait notamment par l’émergence de la notion d’individu, qui constitue l’un des objets de ce travail. Il faut invoquer, d’autre part, l’image macabre d’un bas Moyen Âge hanté par l’idée de la maladie et de la mort depuis l’épidémie de peste noire de 1348, obsédé par la brièveté de la vie humaine. Ces deux facettes de « l’automne du Moyen Âge » tel que l’évoque avec poésie Joan Huizinga sont-elles autre chose qu’une plaisante image d’Epinal? Cette étude cherche précisément à déterminer le degré de validité de ces deux topiques, à travers l’analyse de la représentation des âges de la vie dans un corpus bien défini, celui de la biographie chevaleresque castillane du XVe siècle. L’intérêt porté à l’individu, la conscience de la singularité impliquent en effet celle du caractère mouvant de la personne, or quel thème mieux que celui des âges permet de confirmer ou d’infirmer l’hypothèse du surgissement d’une nouvelle manière de concevoir l’homme, proprement « renaissante », en ce siècle de transition , La nature même du corpus retenu – des récits biographiques – suggère en effet une mutation dans l’appréhension de la personne, une attention prêtée à sa progressive transformation. L’étude de la représentation de la vieillesse, en particulier, révèle non seulement à quel point était alors réelle cette prétendue obsession de la déchéance physique et de la mortalité, mais aussi dans quelle mesure étaient soulignés et valorisés les changements individuels parallèles à l

  10. Design features of Advanced Power Reactor (APR) 1400 steam generator

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Advanced Power Reactor 1400 (APR 1400) which is to achieve the improvement of the safety and economical efficiency has been developed by Korea Hydro and Nuclear Power Co., Ltd. (KHNP) with the support from industries and research institutes. The steam generator for APR 1400 is an evolutionary type from System 80+, which is the recirculating U-tube heat exchanger with integral economizer. Compared to the System 80+ steam generator, it is focused on the improved design features, operating and design conditions of APR 1400 steam generator. Especially, from the operation experience of Korean Standard Nuclear Power Plant (KSNP) steam generator, the lessons-learned measures are incorporated to prevent the tube wear caused by flow-induced vibration (FIV). The concepts for the preventive design features against FIV are categorized to two fields; flow distribution and dynamic response characteristics. From the standpoint of flow distribution characteristics, the egg-crate flow distribution plate (EFDP) is installed to prevent the local excessive flow loaded on the most susceptible tube to wear. The parametric study is performed to select the optimum design with the efficient mitigation of local excessive flow. ATHOS3 Mod-01 is used and partly modified to analyze the flow field of the APR 1400 steam generator. In addition, the upper tube bundle support is designed to eliminate the presence of tube with a low natural frequency. Based on the improved upper tube bundle support, the modal analysis is performed and compared with that of System 80+. Using the results of flow distribution and modal analysis, the two mechanisms of flow-induced vibration are investigated; fluid-elastic instability (FEI) and random turbulence excitation (RTE). (authors)

  11. Regulatory Approach for Oversight of APR1400 Constructions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This presentation treats of the regulatory approach for the oversight of the APR 1400. It first introduces the licensing system in Korea and after that it describes the inspection program during the construction and commissioning, operation and finally decommissioning phase. Special emphasis is put on the installation inspection (52 items), cold functional inspections (77 items), hydrostatic and hot functional test inspection (23 items) and initial fuel loading and startup test inspections (33 items)

  12. Exosomes neuronaux : rôle dans le passage intercellulaire de protéines et d'ARN

    OpenAIRE

    Chivet, Mathilde

    2013-01-01

    Les exosomes sont des vésicules d'origine endocytaire sécrétées par les cellules dans leur environnement après fusion des endosomes multivésiculés avec la membrane plasmique. Ils représentent un nouveau moyen de communication cellulaire par le transfert intercellulaire de protéines, de lipides et d'ARN. Dans le laboratoire, nous nous intéressons aux rôles que pourraient jouer les exosomes neuronaux dans le système nerveux central. Nous avons montré que les neurones matures sécrètent des exoso...

  13. Le ruissellement sur le site protohistorique du Puech de Mus (Sainte-Eulalie-de-Cernon, Aveyron, France)

    OpenAIRE

    Le Fillâtre, Virginie

    2014-01-01

    Le site du Puech de Mus est localisé sur le Causse du Larzac à 842 m d'altitude, 20 km au sud-est de Millau. Il a permis de connaître l'évolution du ruissellement sur une échelle de temps débutant après le Néolithique et se terminant aujourd'hui. Or, cette période est cruciale pour la région des Grands Causses, car elle se rapporte à une phase d'érosion bien connue liée au changement climatique du Subboréal au Subatlantique, et à une intense exploitation de la forêt à l'Âge des Métaux. L'arti...

  14. Peut-on réaliser une analgésie péridurale après un blood patch récent?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chkoura, Khalid; Kechna, Hicham; Loutid, Jaouad; Ouzad, Omar; Hachimi, Moulay Ahmed; Hannafi, Sidi Mohamed

    2015-01-01

    Le blood patch constitue le traitement de référence du syndrome post ponction lombaire. Son efficacité a été démontrée par plusieurs essais randomisés comparant le BPE aux mesures conservatrices et au placebo. Il consiste en l'injection d'une quantité de sang autologue dans l'espace péridurale afin d'obturer la brèche dure-mérienne. La réalisation d'une analgésie péridurale après antécédent de blood patch est possible, malgré la persistance de questions sur les délais de retour à la normal de l'espace péridurale. Nous rapportons un cas où une analgésie péridurale a été réalisée avec succès trois semaines après un blood patch. PMID:26600909

  15. 28 CFR 51.29 - Communications concerning voting changes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Communications concerning voting changes. 51.29 Section 51.29 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) PROCEDURES FOR THE... individual that his or her identity not be disclosed to any person outside the Department, to the...

  16. Teaching Case: Analysis of an Electronic Voting System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thompson, Nik; Toohey, Danny

    2014-01-01

    This teaching case discusses the analysis of an electronic voting system. The development of the case was motivated by research into information security and management, but as it includes procedural aspects, organizational structure and personnel, it is a suitable basis for all aspects of systems analysis, planning and design tasks. The material…

  17. Some results on approximating the minimax solution in approval voting

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Markakis, V.; Mehta, A.; LeGrand, R.; Durfee, E.H.; Yokoo, M.; Huhns, M.N.

    2007-01-01

    Voting has been a very popular method for preference aggregation in multiagent environments. It is often the case that a set of agents with different preferences need to make a choice among a set of alternatives, where the alternatives could be various entities such as potential committee members, o

  18. Corruption, voting and employment status: evidence from Russian parliamentary elections

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Popova, Olga

    -, č. 428 (2010), s. 1-50. ISSN 1211-3298 R&D Projects: GA MŠk LC542 Institutional research plan: CEZ:MSM0021620846 Keywords : corruption * economic voting * employment status * Russia Subject RIV: AH - Economics http://www.cerge-ei.cz/pdf/wp/Wp428.pdf

  19. Mechanisms for efficient voting with private information about preferences

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Engelmann, Dirk; Grimm, V.

    2012-01-01

    Roč. 122, č. 563 (2012), s. 1010-1041. ISSN 0013-0133 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z70850503 Keywords : simple voting game * linking decisions * successful cooperation Subject RIV: AH - Economics Impact factor: 2.118, year: 2012

  20. The Theory and Implementation of Electronic Voting Systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Damgård, Ivan Bjerre; Groth, Jens; Salomonsen, Gorm

    2002-01-01

    scheme shorter and easier to compute and verify, for voters as well as authorities, than in currently known schemes. Finally, we discuss various issues connected with the security of a practical implementation of the scheme for on-line voting. Notably, this includes minimizing risks that are beyond what...

  1. Performance verification test for APR1400 fluidic device

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Using the full scale test facility called 'VAPER', five sets of repeatability tests have been carried out to verify the performance of the Fluidic Device which is adopted in the standard design of APR1400. Quality assurance program for the APR1400 Fluidic Device verification test has been developed and applied to each set of repeatability test procedure, and precise calibration for major measuring instruments has been performed. Thus, the highest reliability and integrity of the test results was ensured. Throughout the present tests, the repeatability of the major parameter related with APR1400 Fluidic Device performance has been sufficiently confirmed. Total K factor in the actual plant system would be about 16 at high flow condition and about 105 at low flow condition, which is similar to the design goal (about 17 at high flow condition and about 100 at low flow condition) The results of the present research contributes to the smooth construction of Sin-Kori units 3 and 4, and to the promotion of domestic analytic capability for the LOCA of advanced LWR

  2. Jakuta Alikavazovic, La blonde et le bunker derrière le miroir…

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marjorie Broussin

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Le roman que nous propose la romancière française, née en 1979, après le prix Goncourt du premier roman avec Les corps Volatils, a remporté la mention spéciale du jury Wepler. Et l’œuvre perturbe en effet tous nos repères, réalisant les aspirations de son auteure : « L’originalité dans la répétition. Le déjà-vu comme condition du sens, et paradoxalement comme irruption de la nouveauté. » Impossible de se raccrocher longtemps au désir d’élucidation, moteur du roman noir, tant la narration joue du speculum, à la fois jeux de regards et de miroirs, et spéculations de toutes sortes. Et pourtant, Jakuta Alikavazovic a éveillé notre curiosité et notre instinct de détective. C’est pourquoi nous vous proposons de nous suivre dans cette enquête, sur les traces du récit, avec pour seul indice celui qu’a laissé l’auteure derrière elle : « L’un des thèmes de La blonde et le bunker (comme de tous mes livres est la disparition »

  3. Pseudomonas syringae evades host Immunity by degrading flagellin monomers with alkaline protease AprA

    OpenAIRE

    Pel, M.J.C.; Van Dijken, A.J.H.; Bardoel, B.W.; Seidl, M. F.; Van der Ent, S.; van Strijp, J. A. G.

    2014-01-01

    Bacterial flagellin molecules are strong inducers of innate immune responses in both mammals and plants. The opportunistic pathogen Pseudomonas aeruginosa secretes an alkaline protease called AprA that degrades flagellin monomers. Here, we show that AprA is widespread among a wide variety of bacterial species. In addition, we investigated the role of AprA in virulence of the bacterial plant athogen P. syringae pv. tomato DC3000. The AprA-deficient DC3000 ΔaprA knockout mutant was significantl...

  4. The Vector-Ballot Approach for Online Voting Procedures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kiayias, Aggelos; Yung, Moti

    Looking at current cryptographic-based e-voting protocols, one can distinguish three basic design paradigms (or approaches): (a) Mix-Networks based, (b) Homomorphic Encryption based, and (c) Blind Signatures based. Each of the three possesses different advantages and disadvantages w.r.t. the basic properties of (i) efficient tallying, (ii) universal verifiability, and (iii) allowing write-in ballot capability (in addition to predetermined candidates). In fact, none of the approaches results in a scheme that simultaneously achieves all three. This is unfortunate, since the three basic properties are crucial for efficiency, integrity and versatility (flexibility), respectively. Further, one can argue that a serious business offering of voting technology should offer a flexible technology that achieves various election goals with a single user interface. This motivates our goal, which is to suggest a new "vector-ballot" based approach for secret-ballot e-voting that is based on three new notions: Provably Consistent Vector Ballot Encodings, Shrink-and-Mix Networks and Punch-Hole-Vector-Ballots. At the heart of our approach is the combination of mix networks and homomorphic encryption under a single user interface; given this, it is rather surprising that it achieves much more than any of the previous approaches for e-voting achieved in terms of the basic properties. Our approach is presented in two generic designs called "homomorphic vector-ballots with write-in votes" and "multi-candidate punch-hole vector-ballots"; both of our designs can be instantiated over any homomorphic encryption function.

  5. Le beau et le vrai

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Létitia Mouze

    2006-05-01

    Full Text Available La vie des abeilles de Maeterlinck est un ouvrage à la fois scientifique et littéraire, non pas parce qu’il appartiendrait à la science par son exactitude et à la littérature par son style, mais en ce qu’il invite à penser l’unité des deux domaines. Les aspects littéraires de l’ouvrage (beauté de l’écriture, usage des images, de l’analogie, etc. ne sont pas des accessoires, mais des outils indispensables à l’élaboration d’un authentique savoir sur les abeilles, c’est-à-dire un savoir qui reconnaît la part d’inconnu et le mystère qui subsistent en dépit de toutes les explications physiques et mécaniques que l’on peut par ailleurs donner des phénomènes observés. Etre scientifique, dans cette perspective, c’est-à-dire donner à connaître, c’est donc être littéraire. Cette conception de la science repose en dernière instance sur une conception philosophique de l’univers comme un tout où toutes choses sont reliées, unies, par des relations d’analogies, ce qui fonde et justifie l’emploi d’un style symboliste.The life of bees, one of Maeterlinck’s works, is together a scientific and literary book, not because of it scientific exactness and its literary style, but for the reason it suggests the unity of both these domains. Literay’s aspects of this work (writing’s beauty, use of images, analogy, etc. are not secondary but necessary to elaborate an authentic knowledge about bees, that means a knowledge which admit the unknown part and the mistery that subsist despite all the physical and mechanical explanations we can give moreover about the observed phenomenons. Be a scientist, in this sense, that is give something to know, therefore means be literary. Finally, this conception of science consist in a philosophiacl conception of Universe as a whole where everything links together, and is united by analogical relations, that base and justify the use of a symbolist style.

  6. Why Czech Parliamentary party Groups Vote less Unitedly. The Role of Frequent Voting and Big Majorities in Passing Bills

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Linek, Lukáš; Rakušanová, Petra

    2005-01-01

    Roč. 41, č. 3 (2005), s. 423-442. ISSN 0038-0288 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z70280505 Keywords : parliamentary party groups * Czech political parties * voting Subject RIV: AO - Sociology, Demography Impact factor: 0.113, year: 2005

  7. Square root voting in the Council of the European Union: Rounding effects and the Jagiellonian Compromise

    CERN Document Server

    Kurth, Martin

    2007-01-01

    In recent years, enlargement of the European Union has brought with it renewed discussion of voting arrangements in the Council of the EU. During these negotiations, the Polish government proposed a voting scheme that gives each country a voting weight proportional to the square root of its population, and sets a quota according to an optimality condition ("Jagiellonian Compromise"). In this paper, the optimal quota is found exactly for the current population data from the 27 EU member states, and it is found that rounding of the voting weights can be used to improve the voting scheme.

  8. Le travail de groupe à l'école primaire: pratiques enseignantes et enjeux

    OpenAIRE

    Chatton, Joanne; Zumwald, Jean-Claude

    2014-01-01

    Mon mémoire traite des enjeux des travaux de groupe et des différentes pratiques enseignantes. Mes lectures montrent que le travail de groupe existe depuis le XXème siècle et qu’il s’est mis en place dans nos classes au fil des années. D’après les livres lus, le travail de groupe doit être bien organisé et lele de l’enseignant est très important lors de ces travaux. J’ai interviewé plusieurs enseignants qui m’ont confirmé ces propos et qui ont diverses pratiques du travail de groupe. On co...

  9. Le roi est mort!: Vive le roi?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Urias Arantes

    1992-12-01

    Full Text Available Ce texte examine critiquement les points d'appui et propos philosophiques du projet culturel néomoderne (Habermas, Roùanet, interroge le lien avoué entre modernité et néomodernisme, le débat de celui-ci avec les irrationalismes post-modernes, explicite préssuppositions et inconsistances du projet néomoderne ainsi que ce que le néomodernisme laisse dans l'ombre dans son rachat de la modernité et ce que par conséquent il ne peut pas penser. Sous le fil conducteur de la critique du néomodernisme, on a souligné une sorte de "fuite en avant" qui serait le destin commun des intellectuels brésiliens, la possibilité et la limite de leur existence sociale.

  10. Le souffle du changement ou le retour aux habitudes ? Le cas de la tempête de 2009

    OpenAIRE

    Deuffic, P.

    2015-01-01

    / Face aux risques subis ou redoutés comme les tempêtes et incendies, une étude montre que les forestiers landais ont finalement peu modifier peu leurs comportements. Après les phases de stupéfaction, de gestion de l’urgence, d’abattement, est venue une période de réflexions et de propositions mais qui n'a guère fait évoluer les pratiques à court terme. Cette étude montre que le changement a besoin d’être accompagné, anticipé, conforté par différents canaux d’informati...

  11. Le TGV et le mistral dans les espaces arboricoles: cartographie de la perturbation du vent par un remblai

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hervé Quénol

    2003-09-01

    Full Text Available Afin d’analyser les conséquences de l’implantation d’un remblai ferroviaire sur l’écoulement superficiel du mistral, des mesures du vent ont été effectuées sur huit parcelles d’arbres fruitiers dans la basse vallée de la Durance; réalisées avant, puis après la construction de l’ouvrage, elles ont permis de définir deux niveaux de protection et de déterminer des surfaces où le remblai est à l’origine de tourbillons supplémentaires. L’extrapolation spatiale des résultats sur SIG montre qu’après construction de la ligne, des petites portions de parcelles à proximité du remblai sont affectées par des tourbillons supplémentaires dommageables pour les fruits.

  12. Jacques Lacan : le stade du miroir

    OpenAIRE

    Roudinesco, Élisabeth

    2014-01-01

    La genèse de la notion de stade du miroir permet de comprendre comment fonctionne chez Lacan le pouvoir de l’archive effacée. Pourquoi parler à propos du stade du miroir d’une archive effacée ? La réponse est à la fois simple et complexe. Il n’existe pas de version originale de la conférence prononcée sur ce thème lors du XIVe congrès de l’IPA de Marienbad en 1936 (du 2 au 8 août). Après avoir parlé pendant environ quinze minutes, Lacan fut interrompu par Ernest Jones qui trouvait que ce conf...

  13. Engineering and Directed Evolution of a Ca2+ Binding Site A-Deficient AprE Mutant Reveal an Essential Contribution of the Loop Leu75–Leu82 to Enzyme Activity

    OpenAIRE

    Eliel R. Romero-García; Alfredo Téllez-Valencia; María F. Trujillo; José G. Sampedro; Hugo Nájera; Arturo Rojo-Domínguez; Jesús García-Soto; Mario Pedraza-Reyes

    2009-01-01

    An aprE mutant from B. subtilis 168 lacking the connecting loop Leu75–Leu82 which is predicted to encode a Ca2+ binding site was constructed. Expression of the mutant gene (aprEΔLeu75–Leu82) produced B. subtilis colonies lacking protease activity. Intrinsic fluorescence analysis revealed spectral differences between wild-type AprE and AprEΔL75–L82. An AprEΔL75–L82 variant with reestablished enzyme activity was selected by directed evolution. The no...

  14. Design of a load following controller for APR+ nuclear plants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A load-following operation in APR+ nuclear plants is necessary to reduce the need to adjust the boric acid concentration and to efficiently control the control rods for flexible operation. In particular, a disproportion in the axial flux distribution, which is normally caused by a load-following operation in a reactor core, causes xenon oscillation because the absorption cross-section of xenon is extremely large and its effects in a reactor are delayed by the iodine precursor. A model predictive control (MPC) method was used to design an automatic load-following controller for the integrated thermal power level and axial shape index (ASI) control for APR+ nuclear plants. Some tracking controllers employ the current tracking command only. On the other hand, the MPC can achieve better tracking performance because it considers future commands in addition to the current tracking command. The basic concept of the MPC is to solve an optimization problem for generating finite future control inputs at the current time and to implement as the current control input only the first control input among the solutions of the finite time steps. At the next time step, the procedure to solve the optimization problem is then repeated. The support vector regression (SVR) model that is used widely for function approximation problems is used to predict the future outputs based on previous inputs and outputs. In addition, a genetic algorithm is employed to minimize the objective function of a MPC control algorithm with multiple constraints. The power level and ASI are controlled by regulating the control banks and part-strength control banks together with an automatic adjustment of the boric acid concentration. The 3-dimensional MASTER code, which models APR+ nuclear plants, is interfaced to the proposed controller to confirm the performance of the controlling reactor power level and ASI. Numerical simulations showed that the proposed controller exhibits very fast tracking responses.

  15. Review of APR+ Level 2 PSA. Revision 2

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lehner, John R. [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Mubayi, Vinod [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Pratt, W. Trevor [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Kim, Do Sam [Korea Institute of Nuclear Safety (KINS), Daejeon (Korea, Republic of); Cho, Yong Jin [Korea Institute of Nuclear Safety (KINS), Daejeon (Korea, Republic of); Cho, Sang Jin [Korea Institute of Nuclear Safety (KINS), Daejeon (Korea, Republic of); Kim, In Goo [Korea Institute of Nuclear Safety (KINS), Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

    2012-02-17

    Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) assisted the Korea Institute of Nuclear Safety (KINS) in reviewing the Level 2 Probabilistic Safety Assessment (PSA) of the APR+ Advanced Pressurized Water Reactor (PWR) prepared by the Korea Hydro & Nuclear Power Co., Ltd (KHNP) and KEPCO Engineering & Construction Co., Inc. (KEPCO-E&C). The work described in this report involves a review of the APR+ Level 2 PSA submittal [Ref. 1]. The PSA and, therefore, the review is limited to consideration of accidents initiated by internal events. As part of the review process, the review team also developed three sets of Requests for Additional Information (RAIs). These RAIs were provided to KHNP and KEPCO-E&C for their evaluation and response. This final detailed report documents the review findings for each technical element of the PSA and includes consideration of all of the RAIs made by the reviewers as well as the associated responses. This final report was preceded by an interim report [Ref. 2] that focused on identifying important issues regarding the PSA. In addition, a final meeting on the project was held at BNL on November 21-22, 2011, where BNL and KINS reviewers discussed their preliminary review findings with KHNP and KEPCO-E&C staffs. Additional information obtained during this final meeting was also used to inform the review findings of this final report. The review focused not only on the robustness of the APR+ design to withstand severe accidents, but also on the capability and acceptability of the Level 2 PSA in terms of level of detail and completeness. The Korean nuclear regulatory authorities will decide whether the PSA is acceptable and the BNL review team is providing its comments for KINS consideration. Section 2.0 provides the basis for the BNL review. Section 3.0 presents the review of each technical element of the PSA. Conclusions and a summary are presented in Section 4.0. Section 5.0 contains the references.

  16. Le pouvoir de la règle

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olivier Ihl

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available La réforme du mode de scrutin ne manque jamais en France de soulever les plus vives controverses. Quelle que soit son ampleur, elle provoque des réactions passionnées, et déjà chez ceux dont la position dépend des configurations de jeu que cette règle délimite. Quel est au juste le pouvoir de régulation d’un mode de scrutin ? De quelle force bénéficie ce type de disposition électorale ? Si le vote est un procédé par lequel les voix recueillies conditionnent une décision collective, ce que l’o...

  17. Majorque, une île de l’archipel métropolitain européen

    OpenAIRE

    Spill, Christiane

    2004-01-01

    Après s’être précocement inséré dans l’archipel métropolitain européen par le tourisme de masse et le transport aérien, Majorque devient un Sun belt pour des actifs très mobiles du nord-ouest de l’Europe. Cette évolution est encouragée par les acteurs politiques qui ont adapté l’outil aéroportuaire, câblé l’île, créé un parc technologique résidentiel orienté vers le télétravail et l’innovation dans le secteur des réseaux de télécommunications. Ils tentent de recomposer le territoire insulaire...

  18. Design of a Load Following Controller for APR+ Nuclear Plants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The load-following operation of an APR+ nuclear plants is required to restrain the adjustment of boric acid concentration and to efficiently control the control rods for the flexibility of the operation. Especially, axial flux distribution disproportion that is usually caused by load-following operation in a reactor core induces xenon oscillation because the absorption cross-section of xenon is extremely large and its effects in a reactor are delayed by the iodine precursor. Rapid and smooth power maneuvering has its benefits in view of the economical and safe operation of reactors, so it is required that the controller is efficiently designed. Therefore, the load-following operation of an APR+ nuclear plants needs the ultimate automatic control and the advanced control method that satisfies the conditions such as the flexibility, safety and convenience. A model predictive control (MPC) method is applied to design an automatic load-following controller for the integrated thermal power level and axial shape index (ASI) control for an APR+ nuclear plants. Some tracking controllers use only the current tracking command. On the other hand, since MPC considers future commands in addition to the current tracking command, the MPC can achieve better tracking performance. Therefore, the MPC has been applied very much to the control of industrial process systems. The basic concept of the MPC is to solve an optimization problem for generating finite future control inputs at current time and to implement as the current control input only the first control input among the solutions of the finite time steps. At the next time step, the second control input is not implemented and the procedure to solve the optimization problem is then repeated. The power level and the ASI are controlled by the regulating control banks and part-strength control banks together with the automatic adjustment of boric acid concentration. The 3-dimensional MASTER code, which models the APR+ nuclear

  19. Association Rules Mining Using Majority Voting in the Stock Data

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mukesh Kumar

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available A time series data set consists of sequence of values or events that change with time. Stock data mining plays an important role to visualize the behavior of financial market. Every investor wants to know or predict the trends of the stock trading. Association rule mining algorithms can be used to discover all item associations (or rules in a dataset that satisfy user-specified constraints, i.e. minimum support and minimum confidence. The traditional association analysis is intra-transactional because it concerns items within the same transaction. Patterns are evaluated in this paper by means of generating association rules with a majority voting approach. The rules having the same consequent and higher voting are picked up to determine the stock pattern. The experimental results demonstrate notable similar pattern as well as categorization of stocks. The pattern so generated helps investors to build their portfolio and use these patterns to learn more about investment planning and financial market.

  20. Electronic Voting Protocol Using Identity-Based Cryptography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gallegos-Garcia, Gina; Tapia-Recillas, Horacio

    2015-01-01

    Electronic voting protocols proposed to date meet their properties based on Public Key Cryptography (PKC), which offers high flexibility through key agreement protocols and authentication mechanisms. However, when PKC is used, it is necessary to implement Certification Authority (CA) to provide certificates which bind public keys to entities and enable verification of such public key bindings. Consequently, the components of the protocol increase notably. An alternative is to use Identity-Based Encryption (IBE). With this kind of cryptography, it is possible to have all the benefits offered by PKC, without neither the need of certificates nor all the core components of a Public Key Infrastructure (PKI). Considering the aforementioned, in this paper we propose an electronic voting protocol, which meets the privacy and robustness properties by using bilinear maps. PMID:26090515

  1. Optimistic Selection Rule Better Than Majority Voting System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sugiyama, Takuya; Obata, Takuya; Hoki, Kunihito; Ito, Takeshi

    A recently proposed ensemble approach to game-tree search has attracted a great deal of attention. The ensemble system consists of M computer players, where each player uses a different series of pseudo-random numbers. A combination of multiple players under the majority voting system would improve the performance of a Shogi-playing computer. We present a new strategy of move selection based on the search values of a number of players. The move decision is made by selecting one player from all M players. Each move is selected by referring to the evaluation value of the tree search of each player. The performance and mechanism of the strategy are examined. We show that the optimistic selection rule, which selects the player that yields the highest evaluation value, outperforms the majority voting system. By grouping 16 or more computer players straightforwardly, the winning rates of the strongest Shogi programs increase from 50 to 60% or even higher.

  2. Electronic Voting Protocol Using Identity-Based Cryptography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gallegos-Garcia, Gina; Tapia-Recillas, Horacio

    2015-01-01

    Electronic voting protocols proposed to date meet their properties based on Public Key Cryptography (PKC), which offers high flexibility through key agreement protocols and authentication mechanisms. However, when PKC is used, it is necessary to implement Certification Authority (CA) to provide certificates which bind public keys to entities and enable verification of such public key bindings. Consequently, the components of the protocol increase notably. An alternative is to use Identity-Based Encryption (IBE). With this kind of cryptography, it is possible to have all the benefits offered by PKC, without neither the need of certificates nor all the core components of a Public Key Infrastructure (PKI). Considering the aforementioned, in this paper we propose an electronic voting protocol, which meets the privacy and robustness properties by using bilinear maps. PMID:26090515

  3. Prospects after the voting reform of the Lisbon Treaty

    OpenAIRE

    Kóczy, László Á.

    2010-01-01

    The European Union used to make decisions by unanimity or near unanimity. After a series of extensions, with 27 member states the present decision making mechanisms have become very slow and assigned power to the members in an arbitrary way. The new decision rules accepted as part of the Lisbon Treaty did not only make decision making far easier, but streamlined the process by removing the most controversial element: the voting weights. The new system relies entirely on population data. We lo...

  4. Why did I prefer to vote for my political party?

    OpenAIRE

    SAXENA, Stuti

    2015-01-01

    Abstract. The case study revolves around discussions by a group of students of a popular university in a cafeteria. State elections in Uttar Pradesh had just finished and students were wondering as to how the election results were against their pre-conceived notions. They were discussing about the reasons as to why they voted for their preferred political party as first-time voters. Overall, this case study purports to assess the impact of political parties’ branding on voters’ decision-makin...

  5. Voting over Selective Immigration Policies with Immigration Aversion

    OpenAIRE

    Russo, Giuseppe

    2008-01-01

    The claim that "skilled immigration is welcome" is often associated to the increasing adoption of selective immigration policies. I study the voting over differentiated immigration policies in a two-country, three-factor one-period model where there exist skilled and unskilled workers, migration decisions are endogenous, enforcing immigration restriction is costly, and natives dislike unskilled immigration. According to my findings, decisions over border closure are made to protect the median...

  6. Voting over Selective Immigration Policies with Immigration Aversion

    OpenAIRE

    Russo, Giuseppe

    2008-01-01

    The claim that "skilled immigration is welcome" is often associated to the increasing adoption of selective immigration policies. I study the voting over differentiated immigration policies in a two-country, three-factor general equilibrium model where there exist skilled and unskilled workers, migration decisions are endogenous, enforcing immigration restriction is costly, and natives dislike unskilled immigration. According to my findings, decisions over border closure are made to protect t...

  7. Shareholders’ Voting at General Meetings: Evidence from the Netherlands

    OpenAIRE

    de Jong, Abe; Mertens, Gerard; Roosenboom, Peter

    2004-01-01

    textabstractWe study annual general meetings of shareholders in the Netherlands. The Dutch corporate governance system is characterized by relatively concentrated shareholdings and large stakes owned by pension funds, banks and insurance companies. The legal protection of shareholders is poor due to takeover defenses, such as certificates, which deprive shareholders from their voting rights. An analysis of the minutes of 245 general meetings in the period 1998-2002 reveals that about 30% of t...

  8. E-Lections: Voting Behavior and the Internet

    OpenAIRE

    Falck, Oliver; Gold, Robert; Heblich, Stephan

    2012-01-01

    This paper analyses the effects on voting behavior of information disseminated over the Internet. We address endogeneity in Internet availability by exploiting regional and technological peculiarities of the preexisting voice telephony network that hindered the roll-out of fixed-line infrastructure for high-speed Internet. We find negative effects of Internet availability on voter turnout, which we relate to a crowding-out of TV consumption and increased entertainment consumption. We find no ...

  9. Truman, "faith-based" diplomatie et ambigüités du Plan Marshall : cas de la France de l'après-guerre

    OpenAIRE

    Autran, Jean-Marie

    2015-01-01

    La "Faith-based" diplomatie américaine et les ambiguïtés du plan Marshall : le cas de la France dans l’après-guerre. Le Président Harry S. Truman (1945-1953) affirme dès 1946 que les E.U. doivent s’armer d'une « diplomatie fondée sur la foi » pour encourager la reconstruction spirituelle d'une Europe « déchristianisée » face au communisme. Pour faire barrage au marxisme de l’Union Soviétique, il fallait commencer par la France, vue comme la pierre de voûte spirituelle. Plus que toute autre na...

  10. Modele de simulation de la duree d'humectation des feuilles au champ apres une pluie. Cas d'un couvert homogene

    OpenAIRE

    Huber, L.

    1988-01-01

    La présence d’eau libre à la surface des organes végétaux pendant un temps minimal est un facteur essentiel lors de la contamination de la plante-hôte par un champignon. Afin de prévoir l’occurrence de ce phénomène en terme de durée, un modèle multi-couches de transfert de masse et d’énergie est adapté au cas de la simulation de la durée d’humectation des feuilles après une pluie au sein d’un couvert végétal homogène. Le but est de spatialiser ce paramètre intéressant les phytopathologis...

  11. Le modèle allemand

    OpenAIRE

    Mäsch, Nando

    2014-01-01

    Genèse et développement actuel Lors de la première conférence d’experts organisée conjointement par la Commission de la communauté européenne et le Conseil de l’Europe pour la coopération culturelle en mai 1990 à Namur, le type d’éducation bilingue développé en Allemagne depuis le deuxième moitié des années soixante a été déclaré exemplaire. Le concept, en tant que cycle de formation destiné à une population d’élèves autochtones, peut être réalisé partout, même dans les petites communes ; il ...

  12. Influence de la temperature et de l'humidite sur le comportement dans le sol de trois especes ou varietes de Fusarium responsables de la pourriture seche des tubercules de pomme de terre

    OpenAIRE

    Tivoli, Bernard; Corbiere, Roselyne; Jouan, B.

    1983-01-01

    En France, 3 espèces ou variétés de Fusarium sont principalement responsables de la pourriture sèche des tubercules de pomme de terre en conservation : F. solani var. coeruleum (Sacc) Booth, F. roseum var. sambucinum (Fuck) Sn. et H., et F. roseum var. arthrosporioides (Sherb.) Messiaen et Cassini. Ces parasites peuvent être hébergés dans le sol qui constitue alors le support de l’inoculum primaire véhiculé, après la récolte, par les tubercules. Leur comportement dans le sol est étudié, p...

  13. Chapitre VI. Le Creusot et l’acier Thomas

    OpenAIRE

    Passaqui, Jean-Philippe

    2015-01-01

    Ainsi, quelques années seulement après la création d’un Domaine minier ambitieux, certains des gisements mis en valeur commencent à présenter des signes d’épuisement. Surtout, les innovations dans la métallurgie, la découverte du procédé Thomas notamment, se traduisent par une nouvelle définition de la politique minière et un renouvellement de la place des exploitations au sein de l’entreprise. Les orientations stratégiques qui accompagnent le déclin du Domaine minier posent aussi la question...

  14. Pseudomonas syringae evades host immunity by degrading flagellin monomers with alkaline protease AprA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pel, Michiel J C; van Dijken, Anja J H; Bardoel, Bart W; Seidl, Michael F; van der Ent, Sjoerd; van Strijp, Jos A G; Pieterse, Corné M J

    2014-07-01

    Bacterial flagellin molecules are strong inducers of innate immune responses in both mammals and plants. The opportunistic pathogen Pseudomonas aeruginosa secretes an alkaline protease called AprA that degrades flagellin monomers. Here, we show that AprA is widespread among a wide variety of bacterial species. In addition, we investigated the role of AprA in virulence of the bacterial plant pathogen P. syringae pv. tomato DC3000. The AprA-deficient DC3000 ΔaprA knockout mutant was significantly less virulent on both tomato and Arabidopsis thaliana. Moreover, infiltration of A. thaliana Col-0 leaves with DC3000 ΔaprA evoked a significantly higher level of expression of the defense-related genes FRK1 and PR-1 than did wild-type DC3000. In the flagellin receptor mutant fls2, pathogen virulence and defense-related gene activation did not differ between DC3000 and DC3000 ΔaprA. Together, these results suggest that AprA of DC3000 is important for evasion of recognition by the FLS2 receptor, allowing wild-type DC3000 to be more virulent on its host plant than AprA-deficient DC3000 ΔaprA. To provide further evidence for the role of DC3000 AprA in host immune evasion, we overexpressed the AprA inhibitory peptide AprI of DC3000 in A. thaliana to counteract the immune evasive capacity of DC3000 AprA. Ectopic expression of aprI in A. thaliana resulted in an enhanced level of resistance against wild-type DC3000, while the already elevated level of resistance against DC3000 ΔaprA remained unchanged. Together, these results indicate that evasion of host immunity by the alkaline protease AprA is important for full virulence of strain DC3000 and likely acts by preventing flagellin monomers from being recognized by its cognate immune receptor. PMID:24654978

  15. Voting strategy for artifact reduction in digital breast tomosynthesis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Artifacts are observed in digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) reconstructions due to the small number of projections and the narrow angular range that are typically employed in tomosynthesis imaging. In this work, we investigate the reconstruction artifacts that are caused by high-attenuation features in breast and develop several artifact reduction methods based on a 'voting strategy'. The voting strategy identifies the projection(s) that would introduce artifacts to a voxel and rejects the projection(s) when reconstructing the voxel. Four approaches to the voting strategy were compared, including projection segmentation, maximum contribution deduction, one-step classification, and iterative classification. The projection segmentation method, based on segmentation of high-attenuation features from the projections, effectively reduces artifacts caused by metal and large calcifications that can be reliably detected and segmented from projections. The other three methods are based on the observation that contributions from artifact-inducing projections have higher value than those from normal projections. These methods attempt to identify the projection(s) that would cause artifacts by comparing contributions from different projections. Among the three methods, the iterative classification method provides the best artifact reduction; however, it can generate many false positive classifications that degrade the image quality. The maximum contribution deduction method and one-step classification method both reduce artifacts well from small calcifications, although the performance of artifact reduction is slightly better with the one-step classification. The combination of one-step classification and projection segmentation removes artifacts from both large and small calcifications

  16. Strategic Voting in Heterogeneous Electorates: An Experimental Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelo Tyszler

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available We study strategic voting in a setting where voters choose from three options and Condorcet cycles may occur. We introduce in the electorate heterogeneity in preference intensity by allowing voters to differ in the extent to which they value the three options. Three information conditions are tested: uninformed, in which voters know only their own preference ordering and the own benefits from each option; aggregate information, in which in addition they know the aggregate realized distribution of the preference orderings and full information, in which they also know how the relative importance attributed to the options are distributed within the electorate. As a general result, heterogeneity seems to decrease the level of strategic voting in our experiment compared to the homogenous preference case that we study in a companion paper. Both theoretically and empirically (with data collected in a laboratory experiment, the main comparative static results obtained for the homogenous case carry over to the present setting with preference heterogeneity. Moreover, information about the realized aggregate distribution of preferences seems to be the element that best explains observed differences in voting behavior. Additional information about the realized distribution of preference intensity does not yield significant further changes.

  17. Robustness of public choice models of voting behavior

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mihai UNGUREANU

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Modern economics modeling practice involves highly unrealistic assumptions. Since testing such models is not always an easy enterprise, researchers face the problem of determining whether a result is dependent (or not on the unrealistic details of the model. A solution for this problem is conducting robustness analysis. In its classical form, robustness analysis is a non-empirical method of confirmation – it raises our trust in a given result by implying it with from several different models. In this paper I argue that robustness analysis could be thought as a method of post-empirical failure. This form of robustness analysis involves assigning guilt for the empirical failure to a certain part of the model. Starting from this notion of robustness, I analyze a case of empirical failure from public choice theory or the economic approach of politics. Using the fundamental methodological principles of neoclassical economics, the first model of voting behavior implied that almost no one would vote. This was clearly an empirical failure. Public choice scholars faced the problem of either restraining the domain of their discipline or giving up to some of their neoclassical methodological features. The second solution was chosen and several different models of voting behavior were built. I will treat these models as a case for performing robustness analysis and I will determine which assumption from the original model is guilty for the empirical failure.

  18. Do Online Voting Patterns Reflect Evolved Features of Human Cognition? An Exploratory Empirical Investigation.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Priestley

    Full Text Available Online votes or ratings can assist internet users in evaluating the credibility and appeal of the information which they encounter. For example, aggregator websites such as Reddit allow users to up-vote submitted content to make it more prominent, and down-vote content to make it less prominent. Here we argue that decisions over what to up- or down-vote may be guided by evolved features of human cognition. We predict that internet users should be more likely to up-vote content that others have also up-voted (social influence, content that has been submitted by particularly liked or respected users (model-based bias, content that constitutes evolutionarily salient or relevant information (content bias, and content that follows group norms and, in particular, prosocial norms. 489 respondents from the online social voting community Reddit rated the extent to which they felt different traits influenced their voting. Statistical analyses confirmed that norm-following and prosociality, as well as various content biases such as emotional content and originality, were rated as important motivators of voting. Social influence had a smaller effect than expected, while attitudes towards the submitter had little effect. This exploratory empirical investigation suggests that online voting communities can provide an important test-bed for evolutionary theories of human social information use, and that evolved features of human cognition may guide online behaviour just as it guides behaviour in the offline world.

  19. Verger de kiwi (Actinidia) conduit en Agriculture Biologique : résoudre le problème de la fertilisation

    OpenAIRE

    Romet, Lionel

    2006-01-01

    Compte-tenu des besoins de la plante, la fertilisation est le problème majeur de la production de kiwi en Agriculture Biologique. Pour avoir de l’azote assimilable par le kiwi après son débourrement il est possible de fertiliser avec du guano d’oiseaux. La date de l'apport apparaît comme primordiale. Le tourteau de ricin qu 'il soit sous forme de bouchon ou en semoule ne convient pas pour des épandages hivernaux, car sa minéralisation est beaucoup plus lente et est partielle sur une année....

  20. Quality Control of Concrete Structure For APR1400 Construction

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nuclear structure shall be constructed to protect internal facilities in the normal operation against external accidents such as the radiation shielding, earthquakes and to be leak-proof of radioactive substances to the external environment in case of loss of coolants. containment and auxiliary building of nuclear power plants are built in reinforced concrete structures to maintain these protection functions. Nuclear structures shall be designed to ensure soundness in operation since they are located on the waterfront where is easy do drain the cooling water and so deterioration and damage of concrete structures caused by seawater can occur. Durability is ensured for concrete structures of APR1400, a Korea standard NPP, in compliance with all safety requirements. In particular, owners perform quality control directly on the production and pouring of cast in place concrete for the concrete structure construction to make sure concrete structures established with quality homogeneity and durability. This report is to look into the quality control standard and management status of cast in place concrete for APR1400 construction

  1. Severe Accident Management Strategy for EU-APR1400

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In EU-APR1400, the dedicated instrumentation and mitigation features for SAM are being developed to keep the integrity of containment and to prevent the uncontrolled release of fission products. In this paper, SAM strategy for EU-APR1400 was introduced in stages. It is still under development and finally the Severe Accident Management Guidance will be completed based on this SAM Strategy. Severe accidents in a nuclear power plant are defined as certain unlikely event sequences involving significant core damage with the potential to lead to significant releases according to EUR 2.1.4.4. Even though the probability of severe accidents is extremely low, the radiation release may cause serious effect on people as well as environment. Severe Accident Management (SAM) encompasses those actions which could be considered in recovering from a severe accident and preventing or mitigating the release of fission products to the environment. Whether those actions are successful or not, depending on a progression status of a severe accident to mitigate the consequences of severe accident phenomena to limit the release of radioactive materials keeping the leak tightness of the Primary Containment, and finally to restore transient severe accident progression into a controlled and safe states

  2. Analysis on the Direct Vessel Injection Line Break Accident at APR+ Standard Design

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Youngho; Yang, Huichang [TUEV Rheinland Korea Ltd., Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Kap [Korea Institute of Nuclear Safety, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

    2013-10-15

    APR+ (Advanced Power Reactor +) is the newest design variation of APR1400. The main characteristics of APR+, compared with APR1400, are passive safety systems and dedicated systems for severe accident mitigation. APR+ is under review for standard design certification. In this study, thermal hydraulic analysis on the Direct Vessel Injection (DVI) line break accident postulated in APR+ design was performed. Comparisons of the major parameters which can represent the overall accident behavior during DVI line break accident, several discrepancies between this study and reference data were found and such discrepancies include actuation timing of SIPs and SITs, and also include parameter behaviors of break flow rate and PCT at the accident initiation. These differences were mainly from the different thermal hydraulic models in simulation codes. The behavioral differences for break flow as well as peak cladding temperatures will be examined further as a next step for this study.

  3. Challenges amp Solutions Of Adoption In Regards To Phone-Based Remote E-Voting

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hermann Ken Jamnadas

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Remote Voting Systems has not been universally adopted by most countries for their elections such as in the case of Fiji. Although mobile phones are quite prevalent around the world and the amount of smart phones sold is increasing at a rapid rate there have not been many elections which have capitalized on the use of Mobile Phones as a remote voting tool. This paper is a limited review of previous papers on remote voting systems. The aim was to study challenges of adoption of remote e-voting systems such as through a mobile phone and suggest innovative solutions to those challenges. As such we propose a combination of new policy solutions and technical solutions such as the use of QR code and checksum for vote verification the use of real time facial recognition systems and the leveraging of existing mobile hardware to ensure a secure anonymous and trustworthy remote voting system like it has never been before.

  4. Another Security Improvement over the Lin et al.'s E-voting Scheme

    Science.gov (United States)

    Asaar, Maryam Rajabzadeh; Mohajeri, Javad; Salmasizadeh, Mahmoud

    In 2003, Lin et al. have proposed an electronic voting scheme which can be utilized in large-scale elections, and claimed it detects double voting. But in this paper, by presenting an attack, we show that voters can successfully vote more than once without being detected. Hence, we propose a new modified scheme based on the Lin et al.'s scheme with the same efficiency to solve this weakness and analyze its security.

  5. Justifying a revised voting rights act: The Guarantee Clause and the problem of minority rule

    OpenAIRE

    Chin, GJ

    2014-01-01

    In Shelby County v. Holder, the Supreme Court invalidated Section 4 of the Voting Rights Act of 1965, which required certain jurisdictions with histories of discrimination to "preclear" changes to their voting practices under Section 5 before those changes could become effective. This Article proposes that Congress ground its responsive voting rights legislation in the Constitution's Guarantee Clause, in addition to the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments. The Court has made clear that the Gu...

  6. Distributed, End-to-end Verifiable, and Privacy-Preserving Internet Voting Systems

    OpenAIRE

    Chondros, Nikos; Zhang, Bingsheng; Zacharias, Thomas; Diamantopoulos, Panos; Maneas, Stathis; Patsonakis, Christos; Delis, Alex; Kiayias, Aggelos; Roussopoulos, Mema

    2016-01-01

    E-voting systems are a powerful technology for improving democracy. Unfortunately, prior voting systems have single points-of-failure, which may compromise availability, privacy, or integrity of the election results. We present the design, implementation, security analysis, and evaluation of the D-DEMOS suite of distributed, privacy-preserving, and end-to-end verifiable e-voting systems. We present two systems: one asynchronous and one with minimal timing assumptions but better performance. O...

  7. Climate Change Beliefs Count: Relationships With Voting Outcomes at the 2010 Australian Federal Election

    OpenAIRE

    Rod McCrea; Zoe Leviston; Iain Walker; Tung-Kai Shyy

    2015-01-01

    Climate change is a political as well as an environmental issue. Climate change beliefs are commonly associated with voting behaviour, but are they associated with swings in voting behaviour? The latter are arguably more important for election outcomes. This paper investigates the predictive power of these beliefs on voting swings at the 2010 Australian federal election after controlling for a range of other related factors (demographic characteristics of voters, different worldviews about na...

  8. Performance validation of advanced safety features of APR

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper briefly introduces recent progress, which is mainly being performed at KAERI, in design and performance validation tests of advanced safety features for the APR+ (Advanced Power Reactor plus). The main safety technologies included in the APR+ standard design improvement are an advanced Direct Vessel Injection Plus (DVI+), Fluidic Device Plus (FD+), and Passive Auxiliary Feedwater System (PAFS). The validation tests of advanced safety features are performed using scaled down model testes. They include: 1/5-Scale air-water test, DVI+ duct vibration test, full scale duct injection test, 1/240-Scale PAFS separate effect test, and ATLAS-PAFS integral effect test. The other design verification tests are also performed. They include: Full scale 3-Fuel assembly cross flow test, 1/5-Scale reactor flow distribution test (to be performed, under construction), Core simulator calibration developing test for core flow test, Full scale advanced Fluidic Device (FD+), CEDM test-to be performed, and IVR and core capture test. The core flow and reactor flow tests are being performed by both experimental and CFD (Computational Fluid Dynamics) analysis for the test facility development. The ECC bypass test is performed using 1/5-scale air-water test facility. The duct test facility. The 1/5-scale core barred vibration test with DVI duct is also performed under the both wet and dry condition. The design goal of PAFS is replacing an auxiliary feedwater system with a passive Steam Generator (SG) secondary cooling system of APR+. In PAFS, the core decay heat is ideogram in the Passive Condensation Cooling Tank (PCCT). The PCCT is located on the top of Auxiliary building. To validate the cooling performance of PAFS, a separate effect test loop has been constructed at KAERI (Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute), which is named PASCAL (PAFS Condensing heat removal Assessment Loop). To quantify the tube heat transfer coefficient of the horizontal heat exchanger, a full scale

  9. Le choix de l'excellence

    CERN Document Server

    Collins, Jim

    2012-01-01

    Dix ans après le succès mondial de De la performance à l'excellence (Good to Great), Jim Collins et son associé Morten T. Hansen s'interrogent ici sur la nature de l excellence en période d incertitude. Pourquoi, dans un contexte chaotique, certaines entreprises sont florissantes et d autres non ? Comment, en ces temps troublés, réussir à diriger et vaincre l adversité pour dominer son marché ? La chance peut-elle sérieusement être envisagée comme un facteur de réussite ? À l issue d un programme de recherche ambitieux et rigoureux qui a duré neuf ans, les auteurs exposent dans cet ouvrage les nouveaux principes pour bâtir une entreprise réellement excellente. Leurs conclusions sont, comme toujours, étonnantes. Ils soulignent notamment que la course à l innovation n est pas toujours la meilleure voie à suivre, que discipline et créativité peuvent aller de concert et que malgré le changement permanent, les meilleures décisions sont rarement prises dans l urgence. Quant aux leaders, on...

  10. Le curriculum d'informatique au cycle secondaire Marocain

    OpenAIRE

    Haddi, Abderrahim

    2009-01-01

    Après quatre années d'enseignement de l'informatique au secondaire qualifiant et deux ans d'enseignement au secondaire collégial, on commence déjà à entendre des propos malheureusement négatifs concernant le curriculum de la discipline informatique. Bien que son intégration en tant que tel puisse être considérée comme un grand saut vers le futur, mais sa naissance dans un milieu éducatif caractérisé par un déficit des infrastructures et des ressources humaines nécessaires empêche une implan...

  11. Yan Lianke, Le Rêve du Village des Ding

    OpenAIRE

    Veg, Sebastian

    2009-01-01

    L’épidémie du VIH/SIDA, qui s’est propagée dans le Henan (et au-delà) au cours des années 1990 suite à des collectes de sang non-réglementées, marque – à plusieurs égards – un tournant pour la société chinoise dans son rapport à l’État. Alors que le gouvernement est resté passif, ne changeant peu à peu d’attitude qu’après l’épidémie du SRAS en 2003, et demeurant réticent à toute mesure radicale (aucun haut fonctionnaire du Henan n’a été mis en cause, et les deux secrétaires du Parti de la pro...

  12. La physiognomonie antique et le langage animal du corps

    OpenAIRE

    Zucker, Arnaud

    2006-01-01

    En Grèce, l'objet premier de la physiognomonie, dans sa forme ancienne et technique, est de manifester la correspondance entre sôma et psyché. Le rappel des principes et de la méthode de cette discipline permet de comprendre que l'enjeu est l'unité psycho-somatique (i.e. physique)des êtres vivants, attestée par la sympathie du corps et de l'esprit, et que ce discours est une somatologie avant d'être une psychologie. Pour déchiffrer l'identité psychique d'après les indices physiques le physiog...

  13. La guerre civile (mondiale ?) et le dialogue Schmitt-Benjamin

    OpenAIRE

    Grangé, Ninon

    2015-01-01

    Dans sa critique de la démocratie libérale de Weimar, Carl Schmitt s’oppose avant tout au pluralisme. La souveraineté de l’État qu’il veut maintenir prend la forme d’un présidentialisme renforcé ; il entend ainsi sauver la substance de la Constitution allemande contre la Constitution de Weimar. Walter Benjamin, sans se placer sur le même plan, critiquant le monde de l’après-guerre avant d’envisager une essence démocratique, rencontre Schmitt sur la notion de souveraineté. Alors que tout les é...

  14. Rencontre avec Albert Bandura : l’homme et le scientifique

    OpenAIRE

    Brewer, Stephen Scott

    2011-01-01

    Ce texte présente le professeur Bandura, l’homme dont l’œuvre inspire ce numéro spécial. Après avoir évoqué quelques éléments biographiques du psychologue américain et exposé un certain nombre de ses contributions majeures à sa discipline, nous proposons le compte rendu d’un atelier de recherche organisé autour du professeur en 2006 à Toulouse (lors du 7e colloque européen sur l’autoformation). Le dialogue en direct entre les participants et le professeur offre de riches mises en perspective ...

  15. Yoshiyuki Junnosuke : voix et silence à travers le corps

    OpenAIRE

    Hamada, Akira

    2014-01-01

    Cet article met en lumière le corps décrit dans les romans et les nouvelles de Yoshiyuki Junnosuke. L’écrivain, allergique et sensible, offre le corps faible et meurtri des marginaux (les prostituées, l’homme fatigué, etc.) avec des descriptions très délicates. L’évolution de la société japonaise influence les états du corps dans ses romans. Le corps des prostituées montre leur pouvoir énergétique dans la ville, ce qui n’est possible que dans le Japon battu après la Seconde Guerre mondiale et...

  16. Carbonne 14, le film : une réponse à Julie Curien

    OpenAIRE

    Gallotte, Jean-François

    2012-01-01

    Je vous remercie pour votre compte rendu, cependant, si cela ne vous dérange pas, j'aimerais corriger quelques inexactitudes : Paragraphe 1 : « Filmé en 4 jours à la rentrée 1982, avec du matériel volé, le film ovni de Jean-François Gallotte et Joëlle Malberg est sélectionné au Festival de Cannes en 1983. Il fait un tollé qui retombe comme une crêpe, aux oubliettes… ». Après le festival de Cannes, Carbone 14 le film est sorti en salle au cinéma "Le Marais" et a fait plus de 100 000 entrées. (...

  17. Voguet Élise, Le monde rural du Maghreb central (xive-

    OpenAIRE

    Amara, Allaoua

    2015-01-01

    La première moitié du xxe siècle a été marquée par le recours aux textes juridiques dans les études sur l’histoire de l’Islam médiéval, afin de pallier le manque de la documentation archivistique. Après les travaux des historiens allemands sur le droit shafi‘īte, R. Brunschvig a inauguré les recherches d’histoire sur l’Occident musulman médiéval fondées sur des textes juridiques malikites. À cet effet, plusieurs corpus ont été exploités, parmi lesquels celui connu sous le titre de al-Durar al...

  18. L’islam dans le cinéma français

    OpenAIRE

    Gaertner, Julien

    2009-01-01

    Le cinématographe, bien après la chanson de geste, est devenu un média qui aujourd’hui encore nous renvoie à certaines références historiques nous éclairant sur le rapport qu’entretient la société française avec l’islam. En effet, il s’agira de saisir ici l’actualité des rapports entre la société française et une religion qui, comme l’écrit Georges Corm, « joue lele de repoussoir fantasmatique des peurs européennes. » L’islam désormais associé de façon incontournable à un Orient « musulman...

  19. Propositions sur le « Pari » de Pascal

    OpenAIRE

    Thirouin, Laurent

    2016-01-01

    Dans une heureuse formule, Philippe Sellier qualifie Pascal d’« Isaïe géomètre ». Après qu’il nous a montré la dimension prophétique des Pensées, dans leurs références comme dans leur écriture, il m’appartient de mettre en relief le caractère géométrique de l’œuvre, et ceci à travers un texte qui exhibe de façon hypertrophiée et quasi caricaturale la référence scientifique de son auteur : le célèbre argument connu sous le nom du « Pari ». L’usage des guillemets dans le titre de cette communic...

  20. Le Conseil d'État, frein à l'efficacité administrative ?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Odile Daurmont

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available IntroductionLe lecteur ne trouvera pas ci-après de réponse positive ou négative à la question posée dans l'intitulé. Le but de cette communication n'étant pas de faire l'apologie du Conseil d'État ni l'inverse d'ailleurs mais seulement de fournir des éléments d'information et de réflexion qui permettront au lecteur de se forger une opinion en meilleure connaissance de cause.Il est en effet manifeste que nombreux sont ceux qui ignorent lele réel du Conseil d'État ou qui n'ont qu'une informa...

  1. Storable Votes and Judicial Nominations in the U.S. Senate

    OpenAIRE

    Alessandra Casella; Sébastien Turban; Gregory J. Wawro

    2014-01-01

    We model a procedural reform aimed at restoring a proper role for the minority in the confirmation process of judicial nominations in the U.S. Senate. We analyze a proposal that would call for nominations to the same level court to be collected in periodic lists and voted upon individually with Storable Votes, allowing each senator to allocate freely a fixed number of total votes. Although each nomination is decided by simple majority, storable votes make it possible for the minority to win o...

  2. The Impact of Social Conditioning (Internal Motivation) on the Probability of Voting

    OpenAIRE

    Durden, Garey C.; Richard J. Cebula; Patricia Gaynor

    2007-01-01

    This paper extends the well known rational interest voting (rational voter) model to include a composite measure to capture the residual effects of internal, sociological motives not previously accounted for in empirical studies of general election voting. These motives are referred to here as “social conditioning” or “internal motivation” and may to at least some extent reflect a sense of duty or sense of civic duty to vote, as well as a simple “habit” of voting. Estimations using CPS data f...

  3. Tackling Empty Voting in the EU: The Shareholders’ Rights Directive and the Revised Transparency Directive

    OpenAIRE

    Čulinović-Herc, Edita; Zubović, Antonija

    2015-01-01

    The rise of the capital market creates new, less noticeable forms of holdings of shares. These holdings could be acquired with the aim of influencing a company’s decision-making process without the intention to hold shares for the long term. One of the forms is new vote buying which can appear either as empty voting or as hidden ownership. Empty voting refers to voting by a shareholder without the corresponding financial interest in the company involved. The reverse situation is hidden owners...

  4. Unification : le renouveau du modèle allemand en Europe ?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hélène Yèche

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Vingt ans après la chute du Mur de Berlin et la mise en œuvre du processus d’unification, l’Allemagne a regagné une place de leader incontesté en Europe – celle précisément que le chœur des nations européennes craignait de la voir reconquérir au moment des événements de l’automne 1989. Quarante ans de séparation du territoire et de la nation avaient en effet conduit l’Allemagne de l’Ouest à tenir un rang certes décisif, mais – toutes proportions gardées – relativement modeste au sein de la co...

  5. 8. Le TGV et le canal

    OpenAIRE

    Fortier, Agnès

    2013-01-01

    7. Le TGV près du Creusot Une double rame du tgv Sud-Est se dirige vers Paris. Elle vient de franchir le viaduc du canal du Centre qui longe l’un de ses réservoirs d’alimentation, l’étang de Longpendu, visible sur la droite. Elle croise la voie « plm » dont on note le discret ballast en avant de l’étang. Plusieurs lignes à très haute tension partent d’un important équipement de répartition tout proche. L’une d’elles sert notamment à l’alimentation du tgv. La photographie est prise d’un des ra...

  6. Swiss Elections to the National Council: First trials with e-voting in elections at federal level

    CERN Document Server

    Weber, Anina

    2011-01-01

    On October 23rd 2011, around 22'000 voters will be authorized to cast their votes electronically in occasion of the elections to the National Council. These are the first trials ever with e-voting in elections at federal level in Switzerland. Four cantons are going to conduct trials with this new channel. Only Swiss voters living abroad will be authorized to participate. The Swiss Confederation pursues the long term goal of the introduction of e-voting as a third, complementary voting method - in addition to voting in person at the polling station and postal voting.

  7. Chapitre 3. Le citoyen et le corps

    OpenAIRE

    Mol, Annemarie

    2013-01-01

    Dans le marché, les patients s’appellent des consommateurs. En politique, ils se nomment citoyens. Comme les consommateurs, les citoyens font leurs propres choix, mais les deux logiques du choix sont très différentes. La variante civique de la logique du choix s’adapte peut-être mieux au cabinet de consultation que celle du marché. Mais, si l’on affirme qu’il est temps de s’adresser aux patients en tant que citoyens, cela donne l’impression que, dans le passé, les patients étaient soumis à l’...

  8. Le poète contre le philosophe : primauté de la vie sur l’être. Sophocle : Antigone, Choeur, 332 suivants ; Heidegger : Einführung in die Metaphysik…

    OpenAIRE

    Sauge, André

    2014-01-01

    L’interprétation du premier stasimon que le chœur d’Antigone fait entendre est l’un des morceaux de bravoure heideggérienne, qui, aux énigmes de la diction poétique, superpose celle des mystères de la métaphysique infidèle à ses origines. Husserl caractérisait la phénoménologie comme un « retour aux choses mêmes ». Après le traitement heideggérien des œuvres poétiques en langue allemande ou grecque, le lecteur éprouve le besoin d’un « retour aux mots mêmes », mais pas seulement aux mots, aux ...

  9. General Election 2004: Empirical Validation of Voting Pattern in Malaysia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Syed Arabi Idid

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: The purpose of this study is to test the effects of the politically related socio-economic issues, personality of the new Prime Minister and the perceived strength of the ruling party, Barisan Nasional (BN, in influencing the outcomes of elections. It uses the data from the Star-IIUM Survey 2004 and the official election results of general election 2004 for the three northern states of Malaysia and applies the Structural Equation Modeling (SEM. The study found that the personal attributes of the Prime Minister, the strength of the ruling party and the campaign issues positively influenced the popular votes secured by the BN candidates.

  10. House vote on Hyde changes dynamic of Congressional abortion debate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-07-27

    US Congressional action is summarized for actions taken on abortion amendments and abortion funding amendments during the month of July 1993. The Hyde Amendment was passed in the House on July 1, 1993; by a margin of 255 to 178; the Senate version will be voted on in August. The amendment was a victory for anti-abortion supporters, because it limited coverage of abortions under Medicaid to cases involving only life endangerment, rape, or incest. Both sides of the abortion debate were energized by the vote. The national Campaign for Abortion and Reproductive Equity (CARE) was launched on July 13 through support from a coalition of 130 organizations and Representatives Maxine Waters, Cynthia McKinney, and Nita Lowey. CARE aims to restore federal funding of abortion services for poor women and others using federally funded health care. The Freedom of Choice Act (FOCA) leaves abortion funding and parental involvement to the discretion of individual states. FOCA was characterized by Senator Carol Moseley-Braun, who withdrew her sponsorship of the bill, as not meeting the needs of the "marginalized, disrespected, and ignored population." 4 other Democratic women senators followed suit and promised to very strongly oppose all efforts to restrict abortions through amendments to appropriations bills. Senate appropriations bills were also considered during July. On July 15 the Senate Veterans Affairs (VA) Committee defeated an amendment that would have barred the use of federal funds for abortion services at VA hospitals, except in cases of rape, incest, or the saving of maternal life. Senate Committee members John Rockefeller and Tom Daschle contributed to the bill's defeat. Federal employee health insurance plans will continue to ban the coverage of abortion services due to passage by the Subcommittee on Treasury, Postal Service, and General Government. An amendment introduced by Senator Bond to allow abortions in cases of rape, incest, or risk to maternal life was adopted

  11. CEO Pay and Voting Dissent Before and After the Crisis

    OpenAIRE

    Gregory-Smith, I.; Thompson, S.; Wright, P W

    2014-01-01

    ‘Say on pay’ – that is empowering shareholders to vote on the remuneration arrangements of their firm's senior executives – has become an international policy response to the perceived explosion in rewards for top management. In this study, we examine the operation of say in pay in the UK, the country which pioneered its adoption, using the population of non-investment trust companies in the FTSE 350 over the period 2003–12. We find that executive remuneration and dissent on the remuneration ...

  12. Voting over piece-wise linear tax methods

    OpenAIRE

    Juan D. Moreno-Ternero

    2010-01-01

    We analyze the problem of choosing the most appropriate method for apportioning taxes in a democracy. We consider a simple model of taxation and restrict our attention to piece- wise linear tax methods, which are almost ubiquitous in advanced democracies worldwide. In spite of facing an impossibility result saying that if we allow agents to vote for any piece-wise linear tax method no equilibrium exists, we show that if we limit the domain of admissible methods in a meaningful way, albeit not...

  13. the effect of the vote of confidence procedure

    OpenAIRE

    Bennedsen, Morten; Feldmann, Sven E.

    2003-01-01

    We analyze how the structure of organizational form of legislative institutions affects interest groups ’incentives to lobby.Lobbying is modelled the strategic provision of information by an interest group to a multi-person legislature.We show that the effectiveness of lobbying lies in changing the viable policy coalitions.We show in a multi-period policy framework that a distinguishing feature between the US Congress and European parliamentary systems —the vote of confidence procedure — can ...

  14. I vote the young lady tells us a story

    OpenAIRE

    Busby, Lisa

    2012-01-01

    I vote the young lady tell us a story turns ephemeric readymade items into small interactive audio playback devices suitable for DJ-ing existing audio. This work presented a series of new compositions (in response to the theme of ‘Alice in Wonderland’ as set by the initial commissioning gallery - the compositions were intended to loosely ‘score’ the Carroll books) which were resonated using piezo disc systems through a series of 12 ephemeric readymades. These resonators were DJ-ed alongside e...

  15. Le contextualisme de Frege

    OpenAIRE

    Bouveresse, Jacques

    2015-01-01

    1. La controverse sur le principe contextuel Le principe selon lequel « un mot n’a de signification que dans le contexte d’une phrase », que les commentateurs ont pris l’habitude d’appeler le principe contextuel, a généralement été considéré comme un des principes les plus fondamentaux de la théorie de la signification de Frege. Dummett est même allé jusqu’à soutenir qu’il « était probablement l’énoncé philosophique le plus important que Frege ait jamais formulé ». Puisqu’il est admis aujourd...

  16. 14 CFR Appendix H to Part 23 - Installation of An Automatic Power Reserve (APR) System

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Installation of An Automatic Power Reserve (APR) System H Appendix H to Part 23 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT... AIRPLANES Pt. 23, App. H Appendix H to Part 23—Installation of An Automatic Power Reserve (APR) System...

  17. Pseudomonas syringae evades host immunity by degrading flagellin monomers with alkaline protease AprA

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pel, Michiel J C; van Dijken, Anja J H; Bardoel, Bart W; Seidl, Michael F; van der Ent, Sjoerd; van Strijp, Jos A G; Pieterse, Corné M J

    2014-01-01

    Bacterial flagellin molecules are strong inducers of innate immune responses in both mammals and plants. The opportunistic pathogen Pseudomonas aeruginosa secretes an alkaline protease called AprA that degrades flagellin monomers. Here, we show that AprA is widespread among a wide variety of bacteri

  18. Pseudomonas syringae evades host Immunity by degrading flagellin monomers with alkaline protease AprA

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pel, M.J.C.; Van Dijken, A.J.H.; Bardoel, B.W.; Seidl, M.F; Van der Ent, S.; Van Strijp, J.A.G.

    2014-01-01

    Bacterial flagellin molecules are strong inducers of innate immune responses in both mammals and plants. The opportunistic pathogen Pseudomonas aeruginosa secretes an alkaline protease called AprA that degrades flagellin monomers. Here, we show that AprA is widespread among a wide variety of bacteri

  19. Histoire du parc à Néré sur le plateau d’Abomey (Bénin)

    OpenAIRE

    Gutierrez, Marie-Laure; Juhé-Beaulaton, Dominique

    2008-01-01

    En Afrique occidentale, au Bénin sur le plateau d’Abomey, plusieurs paysages végétaux se distinguent, dominés chacun par des espèces végétales dominantes, à savoir le karité, le néré (Parkia biglobosa Jacqu. Benth.) et le palmier à huile. Actuellement, le plateau d’Abomey se divise en deux zones : au Nord d’Abomey se rencontrent des peuplements dominés par des karités et des nérés, et au Sud de cette ville jusqu’à la dépression de la Lama, des palmiers à huile et des nérés. D’après les docume...

  20. Influence des constituants du cognac sur la cancérogenèse colique chimiquement induite chez le rat

    OpenAIRE

    Hadengue , Benoît

    2002-01-01

    Selon de nombreuses données épidémiologiques et expérimentales, les aliments d'origine végétale tels que les fruits et légumes et dans une moindre mesure le thé et le vin rouge pourraient intervenir dans la prévention du cancer colo-rectal. Ces aliments étant riches en substances polyphénoliques, il est légitime de chercher à préciser l'action des polyphénols dans cette prévention. Après un rappel bibliographique sur le cancer col-rectal et lele de l'alimentation, de l'alcool et des polyph...

  1. E-Voting Risk and Risk Management Evaluation using Analytical Hierarchy Process: The Case of Oman

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amry, F. A.

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is twofold; to investigate the risks involving with e-voting and to evaluate the risk management of policy of e-voting. In the country of Oman, the Ministry of Interior (MOI has already implemented an e-voting system making use of the e-Authentication technique, which uses the existing National ID Card to authenticate citizens for voting. This new e-voting system will give solutions that shall allow all citizens to come to election points and get authenticated through their National ID Card before proceeding to the vote. The solution shall be hosted within the current National ID System, taking advantage of the electronic authentication of the cards while enhancing these capabilities with functions specific to the election process, ensuring election rights and introducing vote timestamp storage in the cards. However; review and observation within Ministry of Interior (MOI of Oman concluded that there is no documented Risk Management Plan that can foresee risks, estimate impacts, and define responses to issues relating with risks involving voting process in the country of Oman. In the context of e-voting systems, risk management is regarded as the characterization of the e- Voting System in Oman; this consists of defining the system for the risk assessment. This is the assessment of system elements, such as hardware, software, system interfaces, data and information, personnel actions, and the mission of the e- Voting system. This is followed by the Identification Threat Sources, Vulnerability Identification, Controls Analysis, Threat Likelihood, performance of impact Analysis and risk level. It is then followed by the Development of Risk Mitigation Strategies and finally the documentation of Results.

  2. Le politique et le religieux dans le champ islamique

    OpenAIRE

    FERJANI, Mohamed Chérif

    2005-01-01

    Dans la plupart des pays musulmans, l'islam est proclamé religion d'Etat et source principale ou exclusive de toute législation. Depuis les années 1970, l'impasse des modernisations autoritaires et des politiques de développement qu'elles ont inspirées a fait le lit de mouvements qui revendiquent le « retour à l'islam » et rejettent les modèles qualifiés d'occidentaux. Dès lors, l'approche des réalités islamiques s'est trouvée piégée par une opposition manichéenne entre un islam éternel qui s...

  3. Thermal-hydraulic Analysis of SGTR for Supporting PSA in APR+

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Advanced Power Reactor Plus (APR+) is being developed in Korea. To enhance the safety of the APR+, a passive auxiliary feedwater system (PAFS) has been adopted in the APR+. The PAFS completely replaces the conventional active auxiliary feedwater system (AFWS). It is operated by a natural driving force mechanism when demanding auxiliary feedwater. It could maintain the system function of cooling the primary side and remove the decay heat while operated PAFS. For estimating the safety of APR+ design, the probabilistic safety assessment (PSA) of APR+ is performed. As the PAFS replaces the conventional AFWS, it is required to verify the cooling capacity of PAFS for the accurate evaluation. For this reason, this paper discusses the cooling performance of the PAFS while transient accidents

  4. An ATWS Analysis for EU-APR1400 Following the European Utility Requirement

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jung, Minshin; Lee, Cheolshin; Sohn, Jongjoo [KEPCO Engineering and Construction Company., Inc., Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

    2013-05-15

    This paper presents the results of the evaluation of the ATWS events with respect to Reactor Coolant System (RCS) overpressure and re-criticality for the European APR1400 (EU-APR1400) according to European Utility Requirement (EUR). This paper evaluates the ATWS impact on the EU-APR1400 by applying EUR. Based on the results of safety analysis for ATWS events, all the acceptance criteria for EUR can be satisfied due to the proper functioning of ATWS mitigation systems. However the four events are investigated only in this paper, and hence the results of this paper can not be concluded that the EU-APR1400 design satisfy all requirements for the EUR. Therefore, a further study for all Design Basis Event Category 2 (DBC2) events with ATWS needs to be performed in order to assess the comprehensive impact of ATWS events for the EU-APR1400 design.

  5. Le royaume de Méroé

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claude Rilly

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available La civilisation napato-méroïtique qui domine le cours du Nil moyen, d’Assouan à Khartoum, depuis le viiie siècle av. J.-C. jusqu’au ive siècle apr. J.-C., fait suite à la colonisation égyptienne du Soudan ancien. Par sa religion, son idéologie, ses institutions, sa culture matérielle, elle se rattache étroitement au modèle égyptien à tel point que l’on peut parler d’une « civilisation pharaonique » dont l’Égypte et le Soudan ancien seraient les deux versants. L’histoire du royaume de Méroé est assez mal connue dans le détail, d’une part parce que les textes méroïtiques sont peu nombreux et très partiellement compris, d’autre part en raison d’une couverture archéologique relativement récente et clairsemée. Les sources extérieures, égyptiennes, grecques et romaines, sont assez laconiques et moyennement fiables. Les progrès récents de l’archéologie et de la philologie du Soudan ancien laissent toutefois espérer de prochaines avancées.The Napatan-Meroitic civilisation flourished in the Middle Nile valley from the 8th century BC to the 4th century AD. It inherited from the former Egyptian colonisation cultural patterns that are obvious in religious and ideological fields as much as in institutions or artefacts. One could even speak of a “Pharaonic civilization” with two sides, Egypt and Ancient Sudan. Little is known from the history of the kingdom of Meroe, first because Meroitic texts are in small number and poorly understood and secondly because archaeological excavations are fairly recent and scattered. External sources such as Egyptian, Greek and Roman evidences are scanty and moderately reliable. However recent progress in the archaeology and philology of Ancient Sudan is currently improving the knowledge of this civilisation.

  6. The drastic outcomes from voting alliances in three-party bottom-up democratic voting (1990 $\\rightarrow$ 2013)

    OpenAIRE

    Galam, Serge

    2013-01-01

    The drastic effect of local alliances in three-party competition is investigated in democratic hierarchical bottom-up voting. The results are obtained analytically using a model which extends a sociophysics frame introduced in 1986 \\cite{psy} and 1990 \\cite{lebo} to study two-party systems and the spontaneous formation of democratic dictatorship. It is worth stressing that the 1990 paper was published in the Journal of Statistical Physics, the first paper of its kind in the journal. It was sh...

  7. Voting Places, St James Voting Polls, Published in 2010, 1:12000 (1in=1000ft) scale, St James Parish Government.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Voting Places dataset, published at 1:12000 (1in=1000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Hardcopy Maps information as of 2010. It is described as 'St...

  8. Election Districts and Precincts, Census 2000 Voting Districts: Partial Statewide coverage of polygonal boundaries for the Census 2000 Voting districts., Published in 2002, Arizona State Land Department.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Election Districts and Precincts dataset as of 2002. It is described as 'Census 2000 Voting Districts: Partial Statewide coverage of polygonal boundaries for...

  9. Terrorisme et antiterrorisme : le jeu du pire

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stéphane Leman-Langlois

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Les recherches de Jean-Paul Brodeur sur le terrorisme ont porté sur deux aspects de la question, également importants et indissociables. Le premier est celui du fonctionnement, des objectifs et des méthodes des groupes qu’on nomme « terroristes », tout en considérant les résultats réels obtenus. Le second est celui de la régulation, de l’organisation, du financement et des conséquences des stratégies, organismes et programmes mis sur pied ou modifiés afin de leur faire face. Plus d’une décennie après le 11 septembre 2001, il semble bien que les plus graves dangers auxquels font face les Canadiens, comme la plupart des Occidentaux, proviennent du second aspect.Jean-Paul Brodeur’s research on terrorism spanned two distinct, yet inseparable aspects of the matter. The first concerns the inner workings, the objectives, and the methods of groups identified as “terrorist,” which of course must be measured against the actual results produced. The second includes the regulation, the organization, the funding and the consequences of the strategies, organizations and programs created or modified in order to face the apprehended terrorist threat. A decade after 9/11, one must conclude that the latter has produced more, and altogether greater, dangers for Canadians and Westerners in general.

  10. Clickers and Classroom Voting in a Transition to Advanced Mathematics Course

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lockard, Shannon R.; Metcalf, Rebecca C.

    2015-01-01

    Clickers and classroom voting are used across a number of disciplines in a variety of institutions. There are several papers that describe the use of clickers in mathematics classrooms such as precalculus, calculus, statistics, and even differential equations. This paper describes a method of incorporating clickers and classroom voting in a…

  11. Analysing Vote Counting Algorithms Via Logic - And its Application to the CADE Election Scheme

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schürmann, Carsten; Beckert, Bernhard; Gore, Rejeev

    departs from its specification. When we applied our method and system to analyse the vote counting algorithm used for electing the CADE Board of Trustees, we found that it strictly differs from the standard definition of Single Transferable Vote (STV). We therefore argue that “STV” is a misnomer for the...

  12. Beyond the Sum of Parts: Voting with Groups of Dependent Entities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yarlagadda, Pradeep; Ommer, Björn

    2015-06-01

    The high complexity of multi-scale, category-level object detection in cluttered scenes is efficiently handled by Hough voting methods. However, the main shortcoming of the approach is that mutually dependent local observations are independently casting their votes for intrinsically global object properties such as object scale. Object hypotheses are then assumed to be a mere sum of their part votes. Popular representation schemes are, however, based on a dense sampling of semi-local image features, which are consequently mutually dependent. We take advantage of part dependencies and incorporate them into probabilistic Hough voting by deriving an objective function that connects three intimately related problems: i) grouping mutually dependent parts, ii) solving the correspondence problem conjointly for dependent parts, and iii) finding concerted object hypotheses using extended groups rather than based on local observations alone. Early commitments are avoided by not restricting parts to only a single vote for a locally best correspondence and we learn a weighting of parts during training to reflect their differing relevance for an object. Experiments successfully demonstrate the benefit of incorporating part dependencies through grouping into Hough voting. The joint optimization of groupings, correspondences, and votes not only improves the detection accuracy over standard Hough voting and a sliding window baseline, but it also reduces the computational complexity by significantly decreasing the number of candidate hypotheses. PMID:26357338

  13. Analysing Vote Counting Algorithms Via Logic - And its Application to the CADE Election Scheme

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schürmann, Carsten; Beckert, Bernhard; Gore, Rejeev

    2013-01-01

    departs from its specification. When we applied our method and system to analyse the vote counting algorithm used for electing the CADE Board of Trustees, we found that it strictly differs from the standard definition of Single Transferable Vote (STV). We therefore argue that “STV” is a misnomer for the...

  14. Cleavage-based voting behavior in cross-national perspective : Evidence from six postwar democracies

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Brooks, Clem; Nieuwbeerta, Paul; Manza, Jeff

    2006-01-01

    We investigate trends and cross-national variation in the impact of class, religious, and gender cleavages on voting behavior in six advanced capitalist democracies in the postwar period. Earlier research on cleavage voting has been criticized for utilizing outdated ‘‘two-class’’ models of class str

  15. Cleavage-based voting behavior in cross-national perspective: evidence from six postwar democracies

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Brooks, Clem; Nieuwbeerta, Paul; Manza, Jeff

    2006-01-01

    We investigate trends and cross-national variation in the impact of class, religious, and gender cleavages on voting behavior in six advanced capitalist democracies in the postwar period. Earlier research on cleavage voting has been criticized for utilizing outdated “two-class” models of class struc

  16. 76 FR 1559 - Guidelines for the Use of Electronic Voting Systems in Union Officer Elections

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-11

    ... signed into law in 2002. Public Law 107-252, 116 Stat. 1666 (42 U.S.C. 15301-15545). It was drafted, in... elections (for example, contract ratification votes, National Mediation Board elections, National Labor... Electronic Voting Systems in Union Officer Elections AGENCY: Office of Labor-Management Standards,...

  17. Together We Will : Experimental Evidence on Female Voting Behavior in Pakistan

    OpenAIRE

    Giné, Xavier; Mansuri, Ghazala

    2011-01-01

    In many emerging democracies women are less likely to vote than men and, when they do vote, are more likely to follow the wishes of household males. The authors assess the impact of a voter awareness campaign on female turnout and candidate choice. Geographic clusters within villages were randomly assigned to treatment or control, and within treated clusters, some households were left untr...

  18. Estimating the Preferences of Central Bankers : An Analysis of Four Voting Records

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Eijffinger, S.C.W.; Mahieu, R.J.; Raes, L.B.D.

    2013-01-01

    Abstract: This paper analyzes the voting records of four central banks (Sweden, Hungary, Poland and the Czech Republic) with spatial models of voting. We infer the policy preferences of the monetary policy committee members and use these to analyze the evolution in preferences over time and the diff

  19. 76 FR 37314 - Estimates of the Voting Age Population for 2010

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-27

    ... Office of the Secretary Estimates of the Voting Age Population for 2010 AGENCY: Office of the Secretary, Commerce. ACTION: General Notice Announcing Population Estimates. SUMMARY: This notice announces the voting age population estimates as of July 1, 2010, for each state and the District of Columbia. We...

  20. 78 FR 6289 - Estimates of the Voting Age Population for 2012

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-30

    ... Office of the Secretary Estimates of the Voting Age Population for 2012 AGENCY: Office of the Secretary, Commerce. ] ACTION: General notice announcing population estimates. SUMMARY: This notice announces the voting age population estimates as of July 1, 2012, for each state and the District of Columbia. We...

  1. 75 FR 4343 - Estimates of the Voting Age Population for 2009

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-27

    ... Office of the Secretary Estimates of the Voting Age Population for 2009 AGENCY: Office of the Secretary, Commerce. ACTION: General Notice Announcing Population Estimates. SUMMARY: This notice announces the voting age population estimates as of July 1, 2009, for each state and the District of Columbia. We...

  2. 77 FR 4000 - Estimates of the Voting Age Population for 2011

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-26

    ... Office of the Secretary Estimates of the Voting Age Population for 2011 AGENCY: Office of the Secretary, Commerce. ACTION: General Notice Announcing Population Estimates. SUMMARY: This notice announces the voting age population estimates as of July 1, 2011, for each state and the District of Columbia. We...

  3. Not by Votes Alone...The Vital Imperative of Restoring the Civic Mission of Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    McConnell, Ted

    2008-01-01

    With celebrities imploring young people to "Rock the Vote," and with youth poised to vote in record numbers this fall, it would be easy to assume that the society is entering a golden age of youth civic engagement. Youth turnout rose in almost every state this primary season, and news networks regularly run segments on the power of the…

  4. Voting in general elections on single day and in single phase

    OpenAIRE

    varma, Vijaya krushna varma

    2014-01-01

    This expanded banking system will help the Election Commission conduct voting in General elections on single day and in single phase. All elections from panchayats to Parliament can be conducted with the help of expanded banking system with minimum cost and without rigging and impersonate voting.

  5. Lele du « bataillon de Corée » dans la guerre de Corée

    OpenAIRE

    Hamburger, Kenneth

    2008-01-01

    Lorsqu’en 1950, les Nations Unies ont sollicité l’envoi de troupes en Corée, la France a formé une unité de volontaires – le bataillon de Corée – qui allait s’illustrer aux côtés d’un régiment américain. Son chef, le général Ralph Monclar, connaissait les soldats et la guerre ; avec son homologue américain le colonel Paul Freeman, il créa une force irrésistible. Dès leur baptême du feu à Wonju et après les victoires de Twin Tunnels, Chipyong-ni et Heartbreak bridge, ils gagnèrent des citation...

  6. Development of Core Simulator (CoSi) for APR1400 And Analysis of LPPT Result using APR1400-CoSi

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Moon, Sang-Rae; Kim, Yong-Bae; Lee, Eun-Ki [KHNP-CRI, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

    2014-10-15

    According to NRC guidelines, Low Power Physics Test (LPPT) is required to be performed in low temperature/low pressure (160 .deg. C/42.2 kg/cm{sup 2}) as well as NOT/NOP (291.3 .deg. C/158.2 kg/cm{sup 2}) because Shin-Kori Unit 3 is FOAK nuclear power plant. Low Power Physics Test (LPPT) is essential to verify the nuclear design and robustness of reactor safety. LPPT consists of initial criticality, Point of Adding Heat (POAH), All Rod Out (ARO) Boron Concentration, Isothermal Temperature Coefficient (ITC), Control Rod Worth measurements and so on. KHNP-CRI has developed the Core Simulator for APR1400 (APR1400-CoSi) in order to improve the ability performing the LPPT. Especially, APR1400-CoSi has enhanced capability to calculate the full Core neutronic parameters by revising RAST-K that is three dimensional real time core kinetic program. APR1400-CoSi has been developed for education-training of Low Power Physics Test(LPPT). Particularly, APR1400-CoSi has an enhanced capability to calculate the full core neutronic parameters by revising RAST-K which is a three dimensional real time core kinetics program. Low Power Physics Test (LPPT) was performed using APR1400-CoSi and the results showed very similar values with the predicted ones. In other words, the initial core model of Shin-Kori Unit 3 in APR1400-CoSi system has been verified to be appropriate enough. Also, it was confirmed that the test range of Low Power Physics Test (LPPT) reamains effective even though the largest incremental bank reactivity is inserted in core by analyzing the power change during the rod SWAP test.

  7. Development of Core Simulator (CoSi) for APR1400 And Analysis of LPPT Result using APR1400-CoSi

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    According to NRC guidelines, Low Power Physics Test (LPPT) is required to be performed in low temperature/low pressure (160 .deg. C/42.2 kg/cm2) as well as NOT/NOP (291.3 .deg. C/158.2 kg/cm2) because Shin-Kori Unit 3 is FOAK nuclear power plant. Low Power Physics Test (LPPT) is essential to verify the nuclear design and robustness of reactor safety. LPPT consists of initial criticality, Point of Adding Heat (POAH), All Rod Out (ARO) Boron Concentration, Isothermal Temperature Coefficient (ITC), Control Rod Worth measurements and so on. KHNP-CRI has developed the Core Simulator for APR1400 (APR1400-CoSi) in order to improve the ability performing the LPPT. Especially, APR1400-CoSi has enhanced capability to calculate the full Core neutronic parameters by revising RAST-K that is three dimensional real time core kinetic program. APR1400-CoSi has been developed for education-training of Low Power Physics Test(LPPT). Particularly, APR1400-CoSi has an enhanced capability to calculate the full core neutronic parameters by revising RAST-K which is a three dimensional real time core kinetics program. Low Power Physics Test (LPPT) was performed using APR1400-CoSi and the results showed very similar values with the predicted ones. In other words, the initial core model of Shin-Kori Unit 3 in APR1400-CoSi system has been verified to be appropriate enough. Also, it was confirmed that the test range of Low Power Physics Test (LPPT) reamains effective even though the largest incremental bank reactivity is inserted in core by analyzing the power change during the rod SWAP test

  8. Implementation of Low Boron Core for APR1400 Initial Cycle

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Low boron capability of a nuclear power plant is rather a qualitative specification requiring the nuclear power plant to be shut down by control rods alone at any time of a plant cycle according to EUR. The reduction of soluble boron is beneficial since it gives the reduction of the corrosive effects in the plant system and improves plant safety giving more negative MTC. Thus, it is necessary to reduce the amount of soluble boron for the criticality to achieve the low boron capability. However, the reduction of soluble boron has its own set of specific challenges that must be overcome. There are two methods to enable the reduction of soluble boron without modifying plant system significantly. The goal of this study is to investigate the loading pattern to achieve the soluble boron reduction for Shin-Kori Unit 5 APR1400 initial core using the low and high content gadolinia burnable absorbers with standard fuel rod enrichment and to verify the feasibility of low boron core with conventional gadolinia burnable absorbers only. For this study, KARMA has been employed to solve 2-D Transport equation, and ASTRA is used for full core analysis. It was possible to achieve the low boron core for APR1400 Cycle 1 using extended usage of two types of gadolinia burnable absorbers sacrificing fuel cycle economy a little bit while enhancing plant safety significantly. Gd rod patterns within an assembly were optimized through geometrical weighting and loading pattern was developed based on these patterns. The amount of soluble boron reduction achieved is 45.4%. The improvement in plant safety is significant resulting in the reduction of least negative best-estimate MTC by about 4 pcm. Also shutdown margin is increased slightly for low boron core. However, the behavior of axial power shape turns out to be undesirable showing a relatively large fluctuation caused by the more negative MTC. It was found that the low boron core might impose kind of operational difficulty. It is usually

  9. Claudie Haignere a presente le lundi 5 mai 2003 la candidature de la France a l'implantation d'ITER a Philippe Busquin, commissaire europeen a la Recherche

    CERN Multimedia

    2003-01-01

    Claudie Haignere a precise les assurances et les engagements de la France, notamment sur le plan financier, en rappelant les montants sur lesquels les collectivites locales se sont deja engagees par des votes, a la hauteur de 447 M d'euros.

  10. Le foudre foudroyant et ravageantoublié de Pierre Juvernay

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sophie Longuet

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Parmi les textes que j’ai dû mettre de côté lors de mes recherches, j’ai pensé immédiatement à celui de Pierre Juvernay, Le Foudre foudroyant et ravageant, contre les péchez mortels, Paris, Pierre Le Mur, datant de 1637. Le titre m’avait interpelé étant donné le sujet de ma thèse dont le titre est le suivant : « De la foudre à la lumière. Enquête sur les formes de la luminosité et leur signification dans l’œuvre de Dante. » La nature du document est un texte d’exhortation proche des exempla médiévaux pour son contenu. Écrit pour mettre au jour une doctrine religieuse catholique propre au XVIIe siècle,ce livre m’a permis de m’intéresser aux exempla médiévaux, aux exhortations et aux sermons. Dieu, affligé par les péchés mortels, s’adresse aux hommes par l’intermédiaire du foudre qui est la représentation de la foudre. Il symbolise la puissance de Dieu et sert à faire peur afin d’éviter aux hommes de commettre des péchés. L’auteur utilise indifféremment  le foudre pour la foudre, mais cela implique une érudition qui fait référence à Jupiter armé dufoudre le portant dans ses serres. Ce feu du ciel effraie et fait trembler tout en inspirant le respect de la Toute-puissance. La foudre n’est pas encore considérée comme un phénomène naturel, mais elle est un châtiment divin. Il faudra attendre le XVIIIe siècle, en effet, pour que la physique se lance dans l’examen de la foudre en tant que telle après la découverte de l’électricité.

  11. Le sujet en Islam

    OpenAIRE

    CAPAPÉ, Christian; Reynaud, Christian

    2014-01-01

    En Islam, le sujet est, par définition, totalement soumis à la volonté divine dont le message a été transmis au monde par le Prophète Mahomet, et dont les normes intangibles doivent être rigoureusement respectées. Ces normes sont exclusivement dogmatique et constituent la loi islamique ou shari’a dans laquelle l’initiative personnelle semblerait limitée au sens où on l’entend en Occident. Toutefois, des penseurs musulmans comme Ali Merad, Mohamed Arkoun et Malek Chebel s’attachent à démontrer...

  12. Récupération après reconstruction du ligament croisé antérieur et prévention des ruptures : étude biomécanique d'un mouvement pluri-articulaire

    OpenAIRE

    Pairot de Fontenay, Benoît

    2014-01-01

    La reconstruction chirurgicale est le traitement préconisé après rupture du Ligament Croisé Antérieur (LCA) chez les patients sportifs. Cette opération est suivie d'une longue période de rééducation et les résultats en termes de reprise du sport et de récidive ne sont pas totalement satisfaisants. Ainsi ce travail s'articule autour de deux objectifs : l'amélioration de la récupération après lésion du LCA et la prévention des primo-ruptures. Dans un premier temps, nous avons évalué les altérat...

  13. Extended Station Blackout Coping Capabilities of APR1400

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sang-Won Lee

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear power plant accident shows that an extreme natural disaster can prevent the proper restoration of electric power for several days, so-called extended SBO. In Korea, the government and industry performed comprehensive special safety inspections on all domestic nuclear power plants against beyond design bases external events. One of the safety improvement action items related to the extended SBO is installation of external water injection provision and equipment to RCS and SG. In this paper, the extended SBO coping capability of APR1400 is examined using MAAP4 to assess the effectiveness of the external water injection strategy. Results show that an external injection into SG is applicable to mitigate an extended SBO scenario. However, an external injection into RCS is only effective when RCS depressurization capacity is sufficiently provided in case of high pressure scenarios. Based on the above results, the technical basis of external injection strategy will be reflected on development of revised severe accident management guideline.

  14. APR+ PAFS Cooling Performance Analysis using RELAP5

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To enhance safety and reliability of nuclear power plant in domestic industry, passive safety system design has been introducing. Especially, passive auxiliary feedwater system (PAFS) has been applied to the advanced power reactor plus (APR+). PAFS is a facility that replaces an active auxiliary feedwater system (AFWS) in the existing plant. The system function is to remove the generating heat of primary system during transient and accidents unless main feedwater system is available. PAFS consists of a passive condensate cooling tank (PCCT), a heat exchanger, valves, and pipes as shown in Fig. 1. PAFS design is considered that its performance ensure the safety function. But it is difficult that the performance of PAFS is determined quantitatively unlike AFWS. Because AFWS can be controlled on its flow and enthalpy but PAFS can't be controlled on them. The characteristic of passive safety system can be changed along transient and accident. Therefore some considerations are required about how to determine the PAFS performance and how to find the conservative condition to evaluate it in respect to transient and accidents

  15. Conceptual design of passive containment cooling system based on APR+

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The accident of the Fukushima nuclear power plant left a profound message toward the need for a passive cooling system which can operate under the extended station blackout. These days, nuclear institutions in Korea are developing Advanced Power Reactor Plus (APR+). Its distinct characteristic lies on the passive auxiliary feed water system (PAFS) which removes decay heat to a passive condensation cooling tank (PCCT) by natural convection. Though the system is expected to work well under station blackout, the system becomes useless under the loss of coolant accident (LOCA) combined with station blackout. This paper aims at using existing heat exchangers of PAFS and PCCT under LOCA to cool the reactor as well as the containment in a fully passive way. To enhance the condensation rate of heat exchangers in PCCT, we need to produce convective flow in the PCCS heat exchangers. Therefore, the whole region of the concrete containment is divided into 3 chambers: inner, outer, PCCS chambers. An outer chamber is disposed to collect non-condensable gas. The condensate is stored in a condensate storage tank (CST) and injected into the reactor by gravity. This system makes a closed circuit to work indefinitely. A scoping analysis for the containment pressure is performed as a function of various parameters: outer chamber volume and number of tubes in heat exchangers. (author)

  16. Modal analysis of an ECC duct for APR+ reactor barrel

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Advanced Power Reactor Plus (APR+) provides four Direct Vessel Injection (DVI) ducts on the reactor barrel to enhance the performance of Emergency Core Cooling System (ECCS). Several studies on safety analysis have verified the excellent performance of the DVI duct. In this study, from the viewpoint of mechanical integrity, modal analyses of two full-scaled DVI ducts have been presented; both numerical analysis and modal tests have been performed in air and water. It was found that the numerical simulation and modal test coincide with each other. The DVI duct is a thin shell of 5 mm thickness, so that harmonic responses to RCP blade passing frequencies should be checked. The dominant passing frequencies are known to be 20, 40, 60, 120 and 240 Hz. In addition, an interesting thing in this study is that added mass effect by coolant seems to be so significant that the natural frequency of the ducts under water could be considerably low as compared with those in air; the natural frequency under water is 60 % lower than that in air. (author)

  17. Verification of SAMG entry condition for APR1400

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yun, Junghyun; Kim, Taewan; Kim, Jonghyun [KEPCO International Nuclear Graduate School, Ulsan (Korea, Republic of)

    2013-10-15

    In the wake of the Fukushima accident, severe accident management has become important more than ever. While Emergency Operating Procedures (EOPs) focuses on cooling down the core during a design basis accident, the prime objective of severe accident management guideline (SAMG) is to prevent the release of radioactive material into the environment during a severe accident. Only one fixed value of core exit temperature (CET) has been applied for several decades to different types of nuclear power plants (NPPs) in Korea. Although the different types of NPPs have different cladding materials and system designs, the identical CET, i. e., 650 .deg. C, is applied as the entry condition to the SAMG of all the NPPs (except CANDU plants), i. e., Westinghouse type, OPR1000, and APR1400. In this paper, the transition point is re-evaluated for dominant severe accident sequences; station black-out (SBO), small break loss of coolant accident (SBLOCA), and me dium break loss of coolant accident (MBLOCA). In cases of SBO and SBLOCA, the current SAMG entry condition seems proper, while it needs to be reconsidered for MBLOCA case.

  18. APR+ PAFS Cooling Performance Analysis using RELAP5

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Kyung Jin; Hong, Soon Joon [Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

    2011-05-15

    To enhance safety and reliability of nuclear power plant in domestic industry, passive safety system design has been introducing. Especially, passive auxiliary feedwater system (PAFS) has been applied to the advanced power reactor plus (APR+). PAFS is a facility that replaces an active auxiliary feedwater system (AFWS) in the existing plant. The system function is to remove the generating heat of primary system during transient and accidents unless main feedwater system is available. PAFS consists of a passive condensate cooling tank (PCCT), a heat exchanger, valves, and pipes as shown in Fig. 1. PAFS design is considered that its performance ensure the safety function. But it is difficult that the performance of PAFS is determined quantitatively unlike AFWS. Because AFWS can be controlled on its flow and enthalpy but PAFS can't be controlled on them. The characteristic of passive safety system can be changed along transient and accident. Therefore some considerations are required about how to determine the PAFS performance and how to find the conservative condition to evaluate it in respect to transient and accidents

  19. Le vase de Pandore

    OpenAIRE

    Nicola Panichi

    2000-01-01

    Il s’agit ici de suivre les stratégies discursives par lesquelles Érasme situe sa Lingua sous le patronage symbolique de deux mythes des plus opératoires à la Renaissance : le vase de Pandore et la tour de Babel, tous deux verrouillant le texte, l’un en guise d’incipit, l’autre d’explicit, dans un dialogue où chacun use de l’autre pour renforcer les significations et instaurer le régime sémantique du texte, tant linguistique qu’éthique. Ce sont ces jeux complexes entre différents niveaux de d...

  20. Le dialogue avec Pascal

    OpenAIRE

    Barnes, Annie

    2016-01-01

    1. Le Dialogue de Pascal Le dialogue avec Pascal a commencé de son vivant et le dialogue avec l’auteur des Pensées a commencé dès la publication de l’édition de Port-Royal. Il s’est poursuivi jusqu’à nos jours. Faut-il rappeler que la première critique des Pensées, celle de l’abbé Villars en 1671, se trouve dans un entretien, – le cinquième des dialogues du Traité de la délicatesse, – entre Paschase, Ménippe qui l’admire servilement, et Aliton, un « Alceste moliniste » (Bernard Amoudru) : « P...

  1. Bailleul-le-Soc

    OpenAIRE

    Billand, Ghislaine

    2013-01-01

    Identifiant de l'opération archéologique : 9154 Date de l'opération : 2007 (EX) Le projet d’un parc éolien réparti sur les communes de Bailleul-le-Soc, Épineuse et Fouilleuse a entraîné la prescription d’une campagne de diagnostic archéologique sur quatre des neuf éoliennes. La présence de sites gallo-romains repérés par prospection aérienne à Épineuse « Le Haut du Bois Robin » et Bailleul-le-Soc « La Terre d’Éloge », laissait entrevoir la possibilité de documenter ces vestiges. L’interventi...

  2. 3. Le modèle Gomulka

    OpenAIRE

    Molnár, Miklós

    2014-01-01

    Contrairement à la carrière houleuse et la fin tragique d’Imre Nagy et de l’évolution mouvementée du réformisme qui s’est développé dans son sillage, la trajectoire de Gomulka était moins saccadée. Une fois sorti de l’oubliette où son parti l’avait jeté en 1948, à cause notamment de son « nationalisme », Gomulka est resté fidèle à lui-même et à sa vision politique, en fin de compte, très peu éloignée de la ligne du parti. Sa défaite n’avait pas le tragique de la fin d’Imre Nagy si ce n’était ...

  3. Le rouge baiser

    OpenAIRE

    Kivland, Sharon

    2011-01-01

    A numbered limited edition of 100, each with an attractive photograph, on which the artist has more or less carefully painted the lipsticked mouth of the image with watercolours, while considering that while 'le rouge baiser permet le baiser' (the red kiss allows kissing), it also permits caressing, screwing around, adultery and fucking. Chapbook with 24 folded pages, stapled, 15x10.5cm, 16 black and white photographs

  4. La liaison M’Sila - Boussaada en traversant le Chott El Hodna - Algérie Construction d’une route sur un sol de mauvaise portance par la technique des géosynthétiques

    OpenAIRE

    Arab, Rabah; Zermani, Messaoud; Guagui, Mohamed

    2009-01-01

    Le projet consiste en la réalisation d'une route reliant le village de M’Cif à Boussada en traversant le chott d'El Hodna. Le site est connu pour sa situation immergé pendant huit mois sur douze, sa sensibilité et son sol de fondation de faible portance. La solution préconisée initialement consiste en la substitution du sol en place par une couche de sol porteuse sur une épaisseur de 2m et sur toute la longueur du projet, soit 16 km. Après reprise du dossier et des investigatio...

  5. Le faussaire roman

    CERN Document Server

    D'Anna, Gianfranco

    2016-01-01

    À l'aube du XXIe siècle, le monde de la science est sur le point de vivre une révolution. Le jeune physicien allemand Albert Hendrick Thebell, des célèbres laboratoires de recherche B-Labs, à Summit, dans le New Jersey, publie, dans les plus grandes revues scientifiques internationales, une série d'articles dans lesquels il prétend avoir obtenu des résultats extraordinaires qui pourraient révolutionner les bases mêmes de la technologie. Rapidement, la communauté scientifique puis les médias saluent en lui un futur prix Nobel; on compare même son génie à celui d'Albert Einstein. Le progrès scientifique semble avoir franchi une étape décisive, susceptible d'amener un futur meilleur. Mais ces découvertes sont-elles authentiques ? Car pendant ce temps, dans les mêmeslaboratoires, des voix s'élèvent pour contester non seulement les théories de Thebell mais aussi la légitimité même de ses expériences ; certains le soupçonnent d'avoir combiné la plus grande fraude scientifique de tous l...

  6. Dans le ventre du Léviathan. La science du droit constitutionnel sous le national-socialisme

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael Stolleis

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available Dans cet article Michael Stolleis s’intéresse au devenir de la science du droit constitutionnel sous le régime national-socialiste. L’intérêt de la question dépasse la simple curiosité historique, car elle concerne une discipline de la science juridique centrale à tout État démocratique. Partant des attaques contre le positivisme juridique qui émergent au cours de la République de Weimar, l’article s’ouvre sur une typologie des groupes qui constituent l’Union des professeurs de droit public. Stolleis montre l’affaiblissement progressif des « positivistes » à la faveur des groupes à l’idéologie plus autoritaire et antidémocratique. Cette première typologie des forces en présence permet ensuite d’analyser plus finement les différentes attitudes face à la mise en place du régime national-socialiste – allant de l’émigration (extérieure ou intérieure à la collaboration, en passant par le retrait vers des domaines de la pensée juridique moins directement exposés politiquement. S’intéressant au destin de la discipline plutôt qu’aux devenirs individuels, Stolleis constate l’effacement progressif du droit constitutionnel face à un pouvoir n’acceptant aucune contrainte, aucune restriction. Au point que le silence des représentants de cette discipline semble total après 1938. Enfin, l’article se conclut sur un appel à l’étude historique de la période, d’autant plus nécessaire que l’immédiat après-guerre fut marqué par l’occultation des faits et la volonté de laisser le passé être le passé.

  7. Study on Maintenance Personnel Development Plan For The Exported APR1400 Commissioning

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper indicates ways to develop maintenance personnel for the exported APR1400 commissioning. The exported APR1400 has not been experienced ay maintenance yet, and requirements for maintenance personnel have not been clarified yet. Based on sound maintenance experience, KEPCO Plant Service and Engineering Company (KEPCO KPS) has studied on maintenance training and career requirement to establish a development plan of the maintenance personnel for the exported nuclear power plant. By defining manpower and training requirement, and mobilization plan, we expect to secure reliability of the exported APR1400

  8. Relations entre le diabète sucré de type 2 et l'amyloïdose chez le chat : étude bibliographique

    OpenAIRE

    Klein, Fanny

    2009-01-01

    Les dépôts amyloïdes représentent l'altération la plus typique des îlots pancréatiques chez les personnes atteintes de diabète de type 2 (non-insulino-dépendant) et chez les chats diabétiques. Après avoir rappelé les définitions et les classifications du diabète sucré et de l'amyloïdose, les mécanismes de formation des dépôts amyloïdes dans le pancréas à partir de l'amyline (ou Insular Amyloid PolyPepide) sont exposés. Après présentation des différentes étiologies du diabète sucré, l'implicat...

  9. Extensomètres à fibre optique pour le génie civil : Etat de l'art, applications industrielles et perspectives

    OpenAIRE

    Delepine Lesoille, Sylvie; MERLIOT, Erick; Gautier, Yves

    2008-01-01

    Les capteurs à fibre optique sont des outils exceptionnels pour le contrôle de santé des structures. Le présent article vise à dresser l'état de l'art des extensomètres à fibre optique en génie civil, près de 20 ans après leurs premiers développements. Après des descriptions béotiennes de la fibre optique, les différents types de capteurs à fibre optique sont présentés de manière pragmatique, en listant les performances et les limitations, l'état d'avancement, et pour les plus avancées les fo...

  10. Voting in European Union referendums: A Neighbour’s Experience

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Butler, Graham

    2016-01-01

    . This short post looks at some of the experiences that the closest geographical and most closely related neighbouring state to the United Kingdom, has in holding referendums on EU questions. From a legal and political perspective, Ireland offers many lessons and learning outcomes on what the United......Referendums on European Union (EU)-related issues have occurred in a number of Member States since the foundation of the project, and may be considered highly salient in value in the eyes of voters. While political events such as referendums on EU questions have not featured prominently for the...... United Kingdom in the recent past, for the first time in decades, before the end of 2017, the United Kingdom will vote on a referendum with options of either remaining in the EU, or choosing to voluntarily leave. This second referendum on the EU, after the previous ballot in 1975, can be traced in...

  11. Preferential Voting in Denmark: How, Why, and to What Effect?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Elklit, Jørgen

    The paper provides an overview of (1) the Danish system for casting a preferential – or personal – vote in a proportional list system and (2) how seats are subsequently allocated. Denmark differs from most (all?) preferential list PR systems by letting the parties themselves (actually the parties......’ multi-member constituency branches) decide which one of four possible preferential list options they want to employ in an upcoming election. The two dominant options are explained in some detail, to allow a full understanding of how they function. The paper then goes on to discuss how this system can be...... classified if one looks at the classification schemes proposed by in previous works in this field. The way forward is to understand that “Denmark” is not one, but at least two different – but simultaneously used – systems, which belong in different classification categories. The Danish PLPR system is then...

  12. Electronic Voting by Means of Digital Terrestrial Television: The Infrastructure, Security Issues and a Real Test-Bed

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caldelli, Roberto; Becarelli, Rudy; Filippini, Francesco; Picchioni, Francesco; Giorgetti, Riccardo

    Electronic voting has been largely studied in different forms and applications. Typical objectives of electronic voting are to enhance security and to grant easy accessibility. Security can be pursued by means of several strategies oriented to secrete the vote, to check the voter identity, to decouple the voter from his choice and to allow the ballot to be audited. On the other hand, accessibility too can be greatly improved by providing the opportunity to vote remotely or by using voting machines, located at polling stations, equipped with appropriate interfaces for disabled people.

  13. Etude de la perception du vaccin contre la leishmaniose par les vétérinaires et les propriétaires de chiens en zone d'enzootie sur le territoire de France métropolitaine

    OpenAIRE

    Granier, Marie

    2013-01-01

    En septembre 2011, le premier vaccin contre la leishmaniose canine à avoir obtenu une AMM européenne, a été mis sur le marché en France. Après une revue actualisée sur les leishmanioses dans le monde et les moyens de lutte, nous faisons le point sur la perception et l’utilisation de ce vaccin quelques mois après son lancement. Pour cela, nous avons envoyé un questionnaire vétérinaire et 20 questionnaires clients à 600 cliniques vétérinaires échantillonnées en zone d’enzootie française de leis...

  14. Les modalités d'adaptation après le premier choc pétrolier

    OpenAIRE

    Philippe Choffel; Philippe Cuneo; Francis Kramarz

    1988-01-01

    [spa] Las modalidades de adaptaciôn después del primer choque petrolero - Luego del primer choque petrolero, las modalidades de adaptación fueron muy diferentes según que la empresa estuviese en crecimiento, en recesión, endeudada o que fuese rentable. Una diferenciación distingue también las distintas evoluciones de acuerdo con las politicas de gestion de la mano de obra implementadas. Es asi como fueron puestas en evidencia diez categorias de evoluciones que pueden esquematizarse en tres gr...

  15. Le deuil des conjoints après un cancer : entre évaluation et expérience subjective

    OpenAIRE

    Fasse, Léonor,

    2013-01-01

    In 2011, in France, more than 147 525 men and women died through cancer. This disease doesn’t affect only the oldest: 41 000 untimely deaths, before 65 years, are caused by cancer (FRANCIM, InVS, CIRC). All these persons were supposed to live with a partner. Faced with the patient’s death, more or less sustainable psychological, physical or social upheavals will affect the spouse.The cancer patient’s relatives and family constitute one of the patient’s main sources of support throughout the d...

  16. Ce qu'on en dit après - le Currency Board argentin et sa fin tragique

    OpenAIRE

    Sgard, Jérôme

    2004-01-01

    L'Argentine a mené entre 1991 et 2001 une des expériences de currency board les plus remarquables de la période moderne. Comment rendre compte de cette expérience, prise dans son ensemble ? Qu'apprend-elle sur les avantages et les inconvénients des currency board ? Comment expliquer son échec final et quelles conclusions plus générales en tirer ? Telles sont les questions auxquelles cet article souhaite apporter des éléments de réponse. Pour cela, l'auteur commence par rappeler les principaux...

  17. La politique éducative de l’Espagne dans le Nord du Maroc pendant la période du Protectorat (1912-1956

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irene González González

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Après l’instauration du Protectorat, l’administration coloniale espagnole met en place un système éducatif diversifié destiné d’une part aux enfants de familles espagnoles qui commencent à s’établir dans le Protectorat et, d’autre part, à la population marocaine de confession musulmane et hébraïque. Les autorités coloniales conçoivent l’enseignement pour la population marocaine comme un moyen d’exercer un contrôle politique et social aussi bien sur la population que sur le territoire. Lele de l’école comme instrument colonial sera renforcé à partir des années d’instabilité politico-militaire (1912-1927 par le modèle éducatif hispano-arabe qui suivait l’initiative française implantée dans sa colonie algérienne (moitié du xixe siècle. Le gouvernement franquiste transforma le modèle éducatif hispano-arabe en modèle éducatif marocain à travers un processus de marocanisation de l’enseignement, des matières, de la langue et des enseignants.

  18. Current status of integrated HFE V and V system of APR1400

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The first Advanced Light Water Reactor called Advanced Power Reactor (APR1400) has many specific features such as passive safety features, digital I and C, and digitalized main control room design. This digital-based neo-concept main control room design needs comprehensive verification and validation process to get the license for construction. An integrated system for APR1400 MMIS design validation is under development by KEPRI with the participating of KHNP. The facility which is based on the NUREG/CR-6393 and ANS3.5 can simulate all of the dynamic functions and responses of APR1400, and measure the human factors by using conventional subject methods and measuring the operator's biological signals. This system will be used in human factors V and V process of the PRM (NUREG0711) of APR1400 MMIS design. (authors)

  19. Le droit comme système de contrôle social

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Malik Bozzo-Rey

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Cet article entend questionner l’application du concept de norme juridique tel qu’il est pensé par Bentham au regard de la réflexion foucaldienne sur la norme. Plus précisément, il s’agira de se pencher sur les Principes du code pénal rédigés par Jeremy Bentham. Après avoir exposé le cadre normatif de la théorie du droit benthamienne, nous interrogerons la place de la motivation et de la punition dans un modèle juridique pensé comme système de contrôle social. En effet, comment s’assurer de la conduite des personnes autrement que par la mise en place d’un système punitif et disciplinaire ? La réponse est à trouver du côté de ce que Bentham appelle la législation indirecte qui pense les modalités de l’influence au prisme de la prévention.This paper would like to focus on the applicability of the concept of a legal norm elaborated by Bentham compared with foucaldian thought. More precisely, I will based my analysis on the Principes du code pénal written by Bentham. After having exposed the normative frame of Bentham’s legal theory, I will try to aswer to the following question: what could be the role of punishment and motivation in a legal model turned in a system of social control? Indeed, is there a way to ensure that people’s conduct will be as requested by the law without building a system of control based on punishment and discipline? Bentham’s answer has to be found in what he calls indirect legislation, which proposes modalities of influence on people’s behaviour through prevention.

  20. Les États-Unis et le Vatican : analyse d'un rapprochement (1981-1989)

    OpenAIRE

    Gayte, Marie

    2010-01-01

    Le 10 janvier 1984, les Etats-Unis et le Saint-Siège annoncent l’établissement de relations diplomatiques. Cette décision s’inscrit dans un contexte de tensions accrues entre les Etats-Unis et l’Union soviétique après la détente qui avait caractérisé les années 1970. L’accord idéologique semble parfait entre Ronald Reagan et Jean-Paul II, tous les deux connus pour leur anticommunisme farouche. Le rapprochement constaté dans les années 1980 a conduit certains à évoquer l’existence d’une allian...

  1. Carbon Democracy. Le pouvoir politique à l’ère du pétrole

    OpenAIRE

    Gautier, Henri

    2014-01-01

    Après le pic de production du charbon, se profile celui du pétrole même si des technologies au coût environnemental exorbitant comme la fracturation hydraulique semblent en repousser l’échéance. L’auteur, titulaire d’une chaire sur le Moyen-Orient à Columbia University, examine une thèse aux multiples tiroirs : les transformations politiques du XXe siècle seraient sous l’influence majeure de l’organisation géostratégique des flux d’énergie fossile. Ainsi, s’instruit le procès du cartel des co...

  2. Le lien entre musique et inconscient dansDas Spielwerk und die Prinzessin de Franz Schreker

    OpenAIRE

    Leduc, Alain

    2012-01-01

    Après le Son lointain, Schreker met à nouveau dans Le Carillon et la Princesse la musique au centre de ses préoccupations. Contrairement à son prédécesseur, le nouvel opéra de Schreker ne s’intéresse cependant plus au compositeur en quête d’inspiration mais à la musique elle-même et à son pouvoir de fascination. Toute la problématique de l’œuvre s’articule autour de l’étrange carillon de maître Florian. Cet instrument, dont les résonances magiques sont censées élever l’âme vers la spiritualit...

  3. Exemple d'application d'un modèle de carbonatation in situ

    OpenAIRE

    Thiery, Mickaël; Villain, Géraldine; Goyer, Sarah; Platret, Gérard; Clement, Jean Luc; Dangla, Patrick

    2007-01-01

    Un modèle de carbonatation atmosphérique des bétons a été développé. Ce modèle, de nature physico-chimique et déterministe, fait appel à une description fine du mécanisme de carbonatation; il prend en compte notamment des cinétiques chimiques, des évolutions microstructurales et hydriques induites ainsi que des transferts hydriques et ioniques. Après validation à partir de résultats d'essais de carbonatation accélérée, ce modèle est appliqué à la prévision de l'état de dégradation d'un ouvrag...

  4. Guerre et défoliation dans le Sud Viêt-Nam, 1961-1971

    OpenAIRE

    Tran, Thao; Amat, Jean-Paul; Pirot, Françoise

    2010-01-01

    Trente ans après la fin de la guerre du Viêt-Nam en 1975, le débat sur l’utilisation très controversée des herbicides reste d’actualité. Le programme militaire américain Ranch Hand (1961 à 1971), visait la destruction totale du couvert végétal surtout dans le Sud. La communauté scientifique internationale se rendit vite compte, de l’ampleur des conséquences environnementales et sanitaires. À la disparition de vastes surfaces de forêts, de mangroves et d’autres formations végétales, qui affaib...

  5. Les Facteurs Explicatifs De La Consommation Ostentatoire Des Produits De Luxe - Le Cas Du Liban

    OpenAIRE

    Moawad, Marie-Hélène

    2007-01-01

    Dans la présente recherche nous tentons d'identifier les facteurs qui expliquent la tendance à la consommation ostentatoire. Après avoir défini le concept de consommation ostentatoire, l'auteur a mené une série d'entretiens en profondeur au Liban afin de comprendre les différentes raisons qui mènent vers ce genre de consommation. Le Liban constitue un exemple atypique grâce à son environnement constitué d'une mosaïque de 17 communautés religieuses différentes. Le Liban est d'autant plus intér...

  6. Le burnout chez les soignants: facteurs prédisposants et moyens de prévention

    OpenAIRE

    Tavares, Marlisa Orquidia Pereira; Nadot, Nicole

    2011-01-01

    Ce travail porte sur le burn-out chez les soignants donnant des prestations dans des services de psychiatrie, soins aigus et palliatifs. D’après les statistiques, 43,5% de la population en suisse romande a déjà vécu un épisode de burn-out. Cette pathologie est principalement retrouvée chez les soignants qui sont en contact direct avec la souffrance d’autrui, ainsi que la mort.

  7. A generalization of Paillier's public-key system with applications to electronic voting

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Damgård, Ivan Bjerre; Jurik, Mads Johan; Nielsen, Jesper Buus

    2010-01-01

    plaintexts, and protocols to verify multiplicative relations on plaintexts. We then show how these building blocks can be used for applying the scheme to efficient electronic voting. This reduces dramatically the work needed to compute the final result of an election, compared to the previously best known...... schemes. We show how the basic scheme for a yes/no vote can be easily adapted to casting a vote for up to t out of L candidates. The same basic building blocks can also be adapted to provide receipt-free elections, under appropriate physical assumptions. The scheme for 1 out of L elections can be...

  8. Preparations for a Brexit: the EU will shape what happens after a vote to withdraw

    OpenAIRE

    Oliver, Tim

    2016-01-01

    How might the rest of the EU respond to a British vote to withdraw? Tim Oliver begins a series for LSE BrexitVote in which researchers based in the other 27 EU member states set out what positions their governments may take should exit negotiations be triggered. As he makes clear in this introductory piece, while this is a very speculative exercise it will shed light on a side of the debate so far overlooked: the way the EU will shape what happens after a vote to withdraw.

  9. Analysis of Regional Aspects of Voting Behaviour: The Case of Polish Presidential Election

    OpenAIRE

    Mazurkiewicz, Mariusz

    2012-01-01

    Transition of votes is observed when a voter who voted for a given candidate in the first round of election, votes for another candidate in the runoff round of election. There are two types of transitions. Transition is obvious when preferred candidate is a loser in the first round. In other case transition also may happen. Exact information about the scale of transitions is usually unavailable. There are many opinion pools, even exit pools, but exact transition’s data is not collected during...

  10. Brief implicit association test: Validity and utility in prediction of voting behavior

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pavlović Maša D.

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available We employed the Brief Implicit Association Test (a recently developed short version of IAT to measure implicit political attitudes toward four political parties running for Serbian parliament. To test its criterion validity, we measured voting intention and actual voting behavior. In addition, we introduced political involvement as a potential moderator of the BIAT’s predictive and incremental validity. The BIAT demonstrated good internal and predictive validity, but lacked incremental validity over self-report measures. Predictive power of the BIAT was moderated by political involvement - the BIAT scores were stronger predictors of voting intention and behavior among voters highly involved in politics. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. 179018

  11. Le modèle basque

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan-Angel PORTUGAL

    1986-12-01

    Full Text Available À l'intérieur du quadrilatère basque se dessine un sous-espace triangulaire dont les sommets sont les capitales provinciales; les côtés délimitent une aire prospère. La localisation de ces trois noyaux résulte d'une décision politico-économique et d'une diffusion de l'industrialisation. Ce triangle est un espace dynamique et attractif, autant dans le domaine de la démographie que du développement économique et industriel.

  12. Rechgoun, un espace à protéger sur le littoral ouest de l’Algérie

    OpenAIRE

    Ghodbani, Tarik

    2008-01-01

    Situé sur le littoral occidental de l’Algérie, le site de Rechgoun est un exemple intéressant de conflit entre urbanisation d’une part, et protection de l’agriculture, de l’environnement et du patrimoine historique d’autre part. Après des décennies d’extension urbaine quasiment anarchique, de nouveaux instruments juridiques, au service d’une autre politique de développement du littoral, sont mis en œuvre avec difficultés.

  13. Development of human factors validation system for the advanced control room of APR1400

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A human factors validation system for the main control room (MCR) of Advanced Power Reactor 1400 MWe (APR1400) has been developed as it adopts digitalized human-system interfaces (HSIs). The integrated validation system is composed of process/plant models, HSIs, and the human performance evaluation support system (HUPESS). A real-time thermal-hydraulic code, RELAP5 R/T, was used and modified to simulate the dynamic characteristics of the APR1400, and simulation software, 3KeyMaster, was used to model the balance of plant systems. The HSIs developed in this study include all facilities in the APR1400 MCR, such as large display panels, 3 identified operator workstations, and a safety console. In addition, the remote shutdown workstation has been developed. The display systems in the HSIs have been developed using ProcSee, which is a software tool for developing and displaying dynamic graphical user interfaces. This paper describes the configurations of HSIs including display systems, the dynamic models of the APR1400 simulator, the instructor station, and the HUPESS. This paper also presents the results of plant simulation performance tests at transient compared with the results of RELAP5/MOD3.3 calculations. The human factors validation system for the advanced control room of APR1400 provides high degrees of physical, functional, and dynamic fidelities, and can be used in the validation process of the APR1400 HSI design. (author)

  14. Reliability enhancement of APR + diverse protection system regarding common cause failures

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Oh, Y. G.; Kim, Y. M.; Yim, H. S. [KEPCO Engineering and Construction Company, Inc., 1045 Daedeok-Daero, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 305-353 (Korea, Republic of); Lee, S. J. [Chungnam National Univ., 99 Daehak-ro, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 305-764 (Korea, Republic of)

    2012-07-01

    The Advanced Power Reactor Plus (APR +) nuclear power plant design has been developed on the basis of the APR1400 (Advanced Power Reactor 1400 MWe) to further enhance safety and economics. For the mitigation of Anticipated Transients Without Scram (ATWS) as well as Common Cause Failures (CCF) within the Plant Protection System (PPS) and the Emergency Safety Feature - Component Control System (ESF-CCS), several design improvement features have been implemented for the Diverse Protection System (DPS) of the APR + plant. As compared to the APR1400 DPS design, the APR + DPS has been designed to provide the Safety Injection Actuation Signal (SIAS) considering a large break LOCA accident concurrent with the CCF. Additionally several design improvement features, such as channel structure with redundant processing modules, and changes of system communication methods and auto-system test methods, are introduced to enhance the functional reliability of the DPS. Therefore, it is expected that the APR + DPS can provide an enhanced safety and reliability regarding possible CCF in the safety-grade I and C systems as well as the DPS itself. (authors)

  15. Reliability enhancement of APR + diverse protection system regarding common cause failures

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Advanced Power Reactor Plus (APR +) nuclear power plant design has been developed on the basis of the APR1400 (Advanced Power Reactor 1400 MWe) to further enhance safety and economics. For the mitigation of Anticipated Transients Without Scram (ATWS) as well as Common Cause Failures (CCF) within the Plant Protection System (PPS) and the Emergency Safety Feature - Component Control System (ESF-CCS), several design improvement features have been implemented for the Diverse Protection System (DPS) of the APR + plant. As compared to the APR1400 DPS design, the APR + DPS has been designed to provide the Safety Injection Actuation Signal (SIAS) considering a large break LOCA accident concurrent with the CCF. Additionally several design improvement features, such as channel structure with redundant processing modules, and changes of system communication methods and auto-system test methods, are introduced to enhance the functional reliability of the DPS. Therefore, it is expected that the APR + DPS can provide an enhanced safety and reliability regarding possible CCF in the safety-grade I and C systems as well as the DPS itself. (authors)

  16. 冷战后法国外交政策的调整%La rénovation de la politique diplomatique en France aprés la Guerre froide

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪波

    2002-01-01

    Le gouvemement francais a rénové sa politique diplomatique après la guerre froide. Cette rénovation consiste à coopérer avec les Etats-Unis au sein de LOTAN, à participer d′avantage au proeessus de paix au Moyen-Orient et à exercer plus dinfluence sur lesaffaires africaines. Basée sur une reconnaissance du changement de la situation internationale, cette rénovation a pour objectif de consolider la position de la France au sein de la communauté internationale.

  17. L’exclusion des scientifiques allemands et de la langue allemande des congrès scientifiques internationaux après la Première Guerre mondiale

    OpenAIRE

    Reinbothe, Roswitha

    2013-01-01

    Après la Première Guerre mondiale les académies des sciences des pays alliés décidèrent de boycotter les scientifiques allemands et la langue allemande et fondèrent en même temps de nouvelles organisations scientifiques internationales : le Conseil international de recherches pour les sciences, qui chapeautait des unions internationales dans les disciplines les plus importantes, et l’Union académique internationale pour les sciences de l’homme. Les langues principales de ces organisations éta...

  18. Comment assurer une information financière de qualité sous le système comptable OHADA ?

    OpenAIRE

    Bampoky, Boniface

    2013-01-01

    L'information financière de qualité est utile pour la prévision, le pilotage et le développement de la performance au sein d'une entreprise, l'effectivité des choix d'investissements optimaux, le management des risques, les choix politiques en matière économique. Après plus d'une décennie d'application par les entreprises, le Système Comptable OHADA n'a pas connu d'évolution significative, ce qui ne signifie nullement absence de difficultés dans son application pratique. Cet article fait l'ét...

  19. Études marxistes, “Le vieillissement. Vivre plus longtemps : catastrophe ou bienfait ? ”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thibauld Moulaert

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Éditée par l’Institut d’Études marxistes (INEM, la revue Études marxistes se donne comme mission « d’analyser le monde contemporain au moyen de la méthode marxis­te » . Dans cet esprit, le double numéro de printemps se présente comme un ou­til « dans le combat pour la défense du droit à un repos digne après une longue et dure vie de tra­vail ». Tout au long de ces pages, nous assistons à un réquisitoire contre la ma­nière dont le débat sur la fin de carrière s’envisage aujourd’hui en Belgiqu...

  20. La salle de cinéma comme attraction spectacle : le cas Captain Eo à Disneyland Paris

    OpenAIRE

    Massuet, Jean-Baptiste

    2012-01-01

    Cet article a pour ambition d’interroger le rapport du public à une salle de cinéma précise, au cœur du parc Disneyland Paris à Marne-La-Vallée. Cette salle projette à nouveau depuis juin 2010 l’attraction Captain Eo, film de science-fiction en 3D relief réalisé par Francis Ford Coppola en 1986, avec Michael Jackson dans lele-titre. Remplacé depuis 1998 par une autre attraction, Captain Eo fait son retour un an après le décès de la star, et implique dès lors un rapport très particulier à s...