WorldWideScience

Sample records for apres le vote

  1. Le CFEY et après…

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    François Burgat

    2000-09-01

    Full Text Available La livraison des Chroniques Yéménites 2000 s'inscrit dans le droit fil de l'initiative heureuse prise en 1993 par Frank Mermier, tout en prolongeant un effort entrepris dans la livraison précédente : allégées des comptes rendus de recherche cantonnés désormais au rapport scientifique du Centre et à son site Internet, les Chroniques entendent plus que jamais présenter un vaste panorama de la recherche sur le Yémen ou de la production intellectuelle de ce pays. La revue est désormais dotée d'un...

  2. Apres nous, le déluge / Toomas Hendrik Ilves

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilves, Toomas Hendrik, 1953-

    2005-01-01

    Autor mõtiskleb Euroopa Parlamendi liikmena selle üle, mida Euroopa viimase kuu sündmused tähendavad ja endaga kaasa toovad. Põhiseadusliku leppe läbikukkumine, vanade liikmesriikide suhtumine uutesse, Venemaa mõju väikestele Ida-Euroopa riikidele, soovitused Eestile edasiseks käitumiseks

  3. Vote for your favorite tourist attraction on "Le Dauphiné Libéré"

    CERN Multimedia

    2015-01-01

    Dear colleagues, During the summer, the French regional daily newspaper Le Dauphiné Libéré has been inviting its readers to vote for their favourite tourist attraction (natural or otherwise) in the Bellegarde area and the Pays de Gex, and CERN is one of the nominees. This is a great opportunity for us to communicate directly with people living in the region, particularly those who have not yet had the chance to visit CERN, and who, thanks to this survey, might be curious to learn more about the Laboratory and pay us a visit. Remember, visits to CERN are free of charge all year round! We invite you to vote for CERN by clicking on this link: http://www.ledauphine.com/ain/2015/07/10/votez-pur-votre-site-prefere-dans-le-bassin-bellegardien-et-le-pays-de-gex. We’re counting on your votes! CERN Local Communication team

  4. Signoles Aude, Le Hamas au pouvoir et après ?, Toulouse, Editions Milan, 2006.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-François Legrain

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available Dans les étroites limites imposées par la collection (absence totale de notes et de bibliographie, 112 p. en format réduit, le petit livre d’Aude Signoles, Le Hamas au pouvoir et après ?, commence à combler un vide de l’édition française. Le seul livre jusque là disponible en français et entièrement consacré à Hamas remonte à 7 années maintenant ; doté de nombreuses erreurs factuelles et faisant comme si Hamas était apparu avec l’autonomie des années 1990, il ignorait tout de son passé d’Ass...

  5. Vote!

    CERN Multimedia

    Association du personnel

    2006-01-01

    This bulletin comes out at the same time as the public meetings end. The attendance at these meeting encourages us to believe that you feel more and more concerned by your employment conditions and by the Management's decisions in this area. We now must consolidate this interest with a vote. It is essential that you take a few minutes of your time to express your opinion in an electronic poll. Now is the time to seize the opportunity you have been given to influence your employment conditions for the coming five years. We will ask you to give your opinion on two packages, the first concerning the future salary level, the second concerning other employment conditions. In both cases, your participation and replies will determine what the Staff Association should do next and will be carefully watched by our negotiation partners*. We will also ask you to tell us to what extent you would be willing to take action in the event that you disagree with the proposals made by the Management. The Staff Association needs ...

  6. Le don après un décès d'origine cardiocirculatoire au Canada

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shemie, Sam D.; Baker, Andrew J.; Knoll, Greg; Wall, William; Rocker, Graeme; Howes, Daniel; Davidson, Janet; Pagliarello, Joe; Chambers-Evans, Jane; Cockfield, Sandra; Farrell, Catherine; Glannon, Walter; Gourlay, William; Grant, David; Langevin, Stéphan; Wheelock, Brian; Young, Kimberly; Dossetor, John

    2006-01-01

    Résumé Ces recommandations sont le fruit d'un processus multidisciplinaire national ayant duré un an et visant à déterminer si et comment l'on pourrait procéder au don d'organes après un décès d'origine cardiocirculatoire («don après le décès cardiocirculatoire», ou DDC) au Canada. Le forum national organisé en février 2005 a permis aux participants de discuter et d'élaborer des recommandations sur les principes, interventions et pratiques se rapportant au DDC. Les aspects éthiques et juridiques ont été abordés dans les discussions. À la fin du Forum, la majorité des participants ont été favorables à l'implantation de programmes de DDC au Canada. Les participants du Forum ont également convenu qu'il fallait formuler et prôner des valeurs fondamentales pour orienter l'élaboration de programmes et de protocoles basés sur le cadre médical, éthique et juridique établi lors de cette réunion. Même si la possibilité d'un don d'organes et de tissus doit faire partie intégrante des soins de fin de vie, il faut insister sur le fait que le devoir de diligence envers les patients mourants et leurs familles doit demeurer la priorité des équipes soignantes. La complexité et les répercussions profondes du décès sont reconnues et doivent être respectées, de même que les différences personnelles, ethnoculturelles et religieuses face à la mort et au don d'organes. Les décisions d'arrêter le traitement de maintien des fonctions vitales, la prise en charge des derniers moments de la vie et le diagnostic de décès selon des critères cardiocirculatoires doivent être distincts et indépendants des processus de don et transplantation. Ce rapport contient des recommandations destinées aux gestionnaires de program, aux autorités sanitaires régionales et aux instances appelés à élaborer les protocoles de DDC. Les programmes doivent être conçus en fonction des éléments suivants : direction et planification locales, éducation et

  7. L'oracle du guerrier, le souverain et le sommet de l'OPEP: le Venezuela après la réelection du président Hugo Chávez

    OpenAIRE

    Frédérique Langue

    2005-01-01

    Peu de mandataires peuvent, sur le continent latino-américain et ailleurs dans le monde, se prévaloir d'une telle légitimité démocratique : depuis sa première victoire, Hugo Chávez a en effet remporté toutes les élections, anticipées ou non. Les dernières en date (présidentielles, législatives, et de gouverneurs des états), réalisées après l'adoption de la constitution bolivarienne le voient triompher à nouveau, dans un contexte de forte critique de ses adversaires et d'une bonne partie des m...

  8. Green fuels, growth engines after petroleum; Les carburants verts, moteurs de la croissance apres le petrole

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mili, Dino

    2010-09-15

    The contribution of the new fuels to a greener environment is important and immediate. Thanks to clean novel technologies and to commercial plant projects in development, companies like Enerkem contribute to satisfy increasing global demand for clean energy. They stimulate local economies by creating jobs in an industry that offers real growth potential. Green fuels will gradually allow us to let go of non sustainable energy sources like oil to adopt a way of life based on sustainable development. They will also allow a shift towards a green economy. [French] La contribution des nouveaux carburants a un environnement plus vert est importante et immediate. Grace a des technologies propres novatrices et a des projets d'sines commerciales en developpement, des entreprises comme Enerkem contribuent a satisfaire a la demande mondiale croissante en energie propre. Elles stimulent les economies locales par la creation d'emplois dans une industrie qui offre un veritable potentiel de croissance. Les carburants verts permettront graduellement de nous affranchir des sources d'energie non renouvelables comme le petrole pour adopter un mode de vie base sur le developpement durable. Ils permettront aussi un virage vers une economie verte.

  9. Le drainage pelvien après adénometomie prostatique transvésicale reste-il indispensable?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O. Ghoundale

    2014-09-01

    Conclusion: L’absence de drainage sous péritonéal après adénomectomie de la prostate ne s’accompagne pas de plus de complications que dans la technique classique avec drainage. Un gain en jours d’hospitalisation peut au contraire s’en suivre.

  10. Après le spectacle : les impacts psychosociaux de consommation de pornographie homosexuelle masculine chez les hommes gais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SIMON CORNEAU

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Cette recherche qualitative exploratoire vise à mettre à jour les impacts psychosociaux possibles de consommation de pornographie homosexuelle masculine à travers les discours de 20 usagers gais de Toronto (Canada. La consommation de pornographie semble plus acceptée et normalisée chez les hommes gais que chez les hommes hétérosexuels. Une telle consommation peut avoir une incidence sur certains aspects de la santé sexuelle et de la santé mentale. L'analyse thématique du corpus de nos données nous révèle que les impacts peuvent se faire sentir au niveau de l'apprentissage, de l'édification de la fantasmatique, de la validation de la sexualité entre hommes, de l'ingérence dans la vie sexuelle et enfin, sur l'habituation et sur l'image de soi/image corporelle. À l'aide de l’analyse critique de discours, nous avons pu documenter les discours sociaux plus larges en jeu dans les récits des usagers et voir de quelle façon ils se positionnent à l'intérieur de ces mêmes discours.

  11. L’abdication du Congrès après le 11 septembre : crise constitutionnelle ou politique ?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maya KANDEL

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available L’effondrement des tours jumelles de Manhattan le 11 septembre 2001 a renversé le rapport existant entre législatif et exécutif américains. Alors que certains avaient pu qualifier George W. Bush après son élection de « premier président post-impérial » face à un Congrès en pleine reconquête de ses prérogatives depuis la fin de la guerre froide, l’entrée des Etats-Unis dans la « guerre contre la terreur » a vu le retour d’une présidence impériale, et réduit les parlementaires à un rôle de quasi figuration. Historiquement, l’évolution semble attendue. Les phases d’extraversion de l’Amérique ont toujours correspondu à une affirmation de la prééminence présidentielle. Plus encore, en temps de crise et dès lors que la sécurité du peuple est en jeu, la prérogative constitutionnelle qui fait du président le commandant en chef des forces armées du pays lui donne une marge de manœuvre incomparable dans l’élaboration de la politique étrangère. Il était logique que le 11 septembre garantisse à Bush la victoire sur le Congrès dans la « compétition pour le privilège de conduire la politique étrangère du pays ». Les parlementaires se sont montrés particulièrement complaisants face à l’expansion des pouvoirs de l’exécutif, qu’ils ont souvent eux-mêmes autorisée – en particulier dans les mois qui ont suivi les attaques, puis par la suite, en raison de l’utilisation habile par Bush et le parti républicain d’une « politique de la peur » particulièrement efficace. Mais l’Administration Bush est allée beaucoup plus loin que cette simple logique. Par la pratique des signing statements, « déclarations de signature » ajoutées aux lois, le Président s’est accordé le droit d’interpréter, voire de choisir ou de corriger, certaines portions de la législation votée par le Congrès. Cette pratique n’a pas été inventée par Bush mais, qualitativement comme

  12. Voting Present

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    James Lo

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available During his time as a state senator in Illinois, Barack Obama voted “Present” 129 times, a deliberate act of nonvoting that subsequently became an important campaign issue during the 2008 presidential elections. In this article, I examine the use of Present votes in the Illinois state senate. I find evidence that Present votes can largely be characterized as protest votes used as a legislative tool by the minority party. Incorporating information from Present votes into a Bayesian polytomous item-response model, I find that this information increases the efficiency of ideal point estimates by approximately 35%. There is little evidence of significant moderation by Obama when Present votes are accounted for, though my results suggest that Obama’s voting record may have moderated significantly before his subsequent election to the U.S. Senate. My results also suggest that because legislative nonvoting may occur for a variety of reasons, naive inclusion of nonvoting behavior into vote choice models may lead to biased results.

  13. Terre-Neuve ou la carte éclatée d'après le «Grand Insulaire» d'André Thevet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frank LESTRINGANT

    1987-09-01

    Full Text Available Les deux cartes relatives à Terre-Neuve, représentée comme un archipel, que l'on trouve dans le Grand Insulaire inachevé du cosmographe André Thevet (circa, 1586, sont un bon témoignage des errements en partie calculés auxquels se prêtait la cartographie à l'époque des Grandes Découvertes. Pour vaincre des contraintes techniques d'une part, telles que la nécessité du montage entre des données disparates, et pour affirmer d'autre part le dessein d'une entreprise de conquête, le cosmographe — ou géographe universel — est amené à truquer, selon les règles de l'art, un document composite, prélevé à l'origine sur le planisphère de Mercator et augmenté d'informations venues des routiers portulans. Une île inédite, qui porte le nom de Thevet, a pour fonction de signer le tout.

  14. Le Management des risques dans les entreprises Tunisiennes Un état des lieux après la révolution

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sonda DAOUD BEN Arab

    2015-09-01

    Les résultats montrent, également, que le dispositif de management des risques est plutôt informel et concentré sur l’analyse des risques spécifiques, hormis le cas des établissements de crédit qui semblent être mieux outillés en matière de management des risques.

  15. An electronic voting system supporting vote weights

    OpenAIRE

    Eliasson, C.; Zúquete, A.

    2006-01-01

    Typically each voter contributes with one vote for an election. But there are some elections where voters can have different weights associated with their vote. In this paper we provide a solution for allowing an arbitrary number of weights and weight values to be used in an electronic voting system. We chose REVS, Robust Electronic Voting System, a voting system designed to support Internet voting processes, as the start point for studying the introduction of vote weights. To the best of our...

  16. Vote Buying

    OpenAIRE

    2005-01-01

    We examine the consequences of vote buying, assuming this practice were allowed and free of stigma. Two parties competing in a binary election may purchase votes in a sequential bidding game via up-front binding payments and/or campaign promises (platforms) that are contingent upon the outcome of the election. We analyze the role of the parties' budget constraints and voter preferences. For instance, if only campaign promises are allowed, then the winning party depends not only on the relativ...

  17. Comprendre le passé : une condition essentille pour la reconstruction des villes de l’après-apartheid et la compensation des victimes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Susan Parnell

    1996-04-01

    Full Text Available Seule une approche pragmatique et systématisée du passé peut satisfaire l'opinion publique qui réclame réparation pour les victimes du système de l'apartheid et la construction de cités plus équitables dans l'Afrique du Sud de l'après apartheid. Nous estimons que les politiques raciales, appliquées dans les villes ne doivent pas être considérées isolément dans la mesure où l'apartheid a complètement dénaturé les modèles d'urbanisation. L'héritage des manipulations pratiquées dans les villes a...

  18. Le personnage du Christ dans les Mystères anglais : une analyse d'après les travaux de Victor Turner

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tatjana Silec

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Dans les Mystères de York ou de Towneley, le Christ tient à la fois du fou de cour et du fou sage, ce qui peut sembler paradoxal mais trouve son origine dans la place accordée au fou dans la société médiévale occidentale en général. Le fou dit « sage » était, en raison du mépris dans lequel il tenait sa propre personne physique et son statut social, couvert du même opprobre que son homonyme de cour: tous deux bénéficiaient d'une liberté singulière qu'ils payaient de l'abandon de toute dignité. Les brimades endurées par le Christ dans deux Mystères anglais, Christ Before Herod et The Buffeting1, qui visent, pour les bourreaux, à humilier leur victime en faisant d’elle un bouffon, ont pour objet véritable de rendre évidente la folie d'un tel geste aux yeux des spectateurs, ainsi que le courage du Christ dans une mise en scène qui met en avant les qualités liminales de cette période de la vie du fils de Dieu, lequel est amené à devenir roi au terme de celle-ci. Elles mettent également en évidence le statut véritablement abject du fou professionnel.In the mystery cycles of York and Towneley, Jesus Christ is compared to a jester or a (wise fool by his opponents, something which is not so surprising if one takes into account the place given to the fool in medieval society. Indeed, despite his “wisdom” and because of his traditional lack of regard for his own person or status, the wise fool was the regular target of the same sort of abuse that the professional jester incurred, for it was the price they both had to pay for the special type of freedom they were awarded. The humiliations that Christ is subjected to in Christ Before Herod and The Buffeting, which his tormentors use to ridicule him, are evidence of their own folly and a testament to their victim’s fortitude. They exhibit the liminal qualities described by Turner in his analysis of the ritual process. And they are also a reminder of the truly abject

  19. Comment financer le développement après la crise économique et financière

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bruno Gurtner

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available La crise a eu, sur les taux de croissance des pays en développement ou émergents, des effets plus dévastateurs que sur ceux des nations industrialisées. Alors que certains n’avaient pas les ressources nécessaires pour financer des mesures de relance assez vigoureuses, les grands pays émergents ont vite retrouvé le chemin de la reprise et sont actuellement les principaux moteurs de l’économie mondiale.L’effondrement des flux de capitaux privés a provoqué un déficit croissant dans le financement global du Sud. Et jusqu’à présent, pas plus l’augmentation des flux financiers publics que la lente reprise – depuis la fin 2009 – des apports de capitaux privés n’ont permis de compenser ces manques. L’ONU indique par ailleurs que le volume global des mouvements financiers des pays du Sud vers ceux du Nord dépasse celui des flux en sens contraire : le Sud continue de financer le Nord.Alors que l’on débat désormais d’une réforme de l’ordre économique et financier mondial, cela n’a pas encore été suivi d’effets suffisants pour les pays en développement. Les institutions financières internationales disposent bien de ressources accrues, mais les pays en développement y sont toujours sous-représentés. Le FMI et la Banque mondiale ont remis en question certains de leurs dogmes traditionnels, sans que l’on puisse parler à coup sûr de nouvelle politique.Il apparaît toujours plus évident que les impôts jouent un rôle central dans la mobilisation de ressources locales pour financer le développement et l’on reconnaît d’une manière générale qu’il faudra réformer dans ce sens la fiscalité des pays en développement. Cependant, l’aide technique des pays industrialisés en vue de réaliser ces réformes reste insuffisante. De même, il est de plus en plus admis que les impôts sont un instrument pour la construction de l’Etat (state-building, la démocratisation et la gouvernance. La lutte

  20. Contrôle des circuits auxiliaires des P.F.W. (arret machine 2004/2006, après rénovation de 25 aimants)

    CERN Document Server

    Ottaviani, J

    2006-01-01

    Les PFW sont des nappes polaires installées sur les pôles des aimants du PS. Elles sont au nombre de 4 par unité d'aimant et constituées d'un circuit principal (dans lequel circule le courant désiré selon le cycle magnétique utilisé) et de circuits auxiliaires. Les circuits auxiliaires sont des enroulements de correction (boucles de tour et ?pick-up? brasés sur les enroulements principaux). Pendant la variation du champ magnétique de l'aimant PS, on utilise des tensions induites dans ces circuits auxiliaires pour corriger les erreurs de champ dues aux pertes par courants de Foucault dans la chambre à vide. Chaque année, pendant l'arrêt machine, on vérifie si les caractéristiques des circuits auxiliaires correspondent aux normes (mesures des résistances des boucles de tours, résistances entre ?pick-up? et isolation des circuits) afin de faire un suivi. Des mesures ont été faites au début du grand arrêt en décembre 2004 afin de définir quels aimants seraient à rénover (l'état des PFW e...

  1. Le marché des armes après la guerre froide et les pays les moins développés

    OpenAIRE

    2002-01-01

    Les projets pour limiter le commerce des armes se sont multipliés avee l'achèvement d'un bon nombre de contlits régionaux et la fin de la guerre froide. La guerre du Golfe a également fait évoluer les conditions de sécurité des pays les moins développés, et les principaux vendeurs d'armes ont diminué leurs aides économiques à l'exportation des armes. A partir de l'examen de nombreux cas régionaux, l'auteur conclut que l'avenir des politiques d'armement des pays sous-développés dépend de l'ord...

  2. Sincere Voting with Cardinal Preferences: Approval Voting

    OpenAIRE

    Ballester, Miguel Angel; Rey-Biel, Pedro

    2007-01-01

    We discuss sincere voting when voters have cardinal preferences over alter- natives. We interpret sincerity as opposed to strategic voting, and thus define sincerity as the optimal behaviour when conditions to vote strategically vanish. When voting mechanisms allow for only one message type we show that this op- timal behaviour coincides with an intuitive and common definition of sincerity. For voting mechanisms allowing for multiple message types, such as approval vot- ing (AV), there exists...

  3. Voting Contagion

    CERN Document Server

    Braha, Dan

    2016-01-01

    Social influence plays an important role in human behavior and decisions. The sources of influence can be generally divided into external, which are independent of social context, or as originating from peers, such as family and friends. An important question is how to disentangle the social contagion by peers from external influences. While a variety of experimental and observational studies provided insight into this problem, identifying the extent of social contagion based on large-scale observational data with an unknown network structure remains largely unexplored. By bridging the gap between the large-scale complex systems perspective of collective human dynamics and the detailed approach of the social sciences, we present a parsimonious model of social influence, and apply it to a central topic in political science -- elections and voting behavior. We provide an analytical expression of the county vote-share distribution in a two party system, which is in excellent agreement with 92 years of observed U...

  4. Voting Systems for Environmental Decisions

    Science.gov (United States)

    BURGMAN, MARK A; REGAN, HELEN M; MAGUIRE, LYNN A; COLYVAN, MARK; JUSTUS, JAMES; MARTIN, TARA G; ROTHLEY, KRIS

    2014-01-01

    Voting systems aggregate preferences efficiently and are often used for deciding conservation priorities. Desirable characteristics of voting systems include transitivity, completeness, and Pareto optimality, among others. Voting systems that are common and potentially useful for environmental decision making include simple majority, approval, and preferential voting. Unfortunately, no voting system can guarantee an outcome, while also satisfying a range of very reasonable performance criteria. Furthermore, voting methods may be manipulated by decision makers and strategic voters if they have knowledge of the voting patterns and alliances of others in the voting populations. The difficult properties of voting systems arise in routine decision making when there are multiple criteria and management alternatives. Because each method has flaws, we do not endorse one method. Instead, we urge organizers to be transparent about the properties of proposed voting systems and to offer participants the opportunity to approve the voting system as part of the ground rules for operation of a group. Sistemas de Votación para Decisiones Ambientales Resumen Los sistemas de votación agregan preferencias eficientemente y muy seguido se usan para decidir prioridades de conservación. Las características deseables de un sistema de votación incluyen la transitividad, lo completo que sean y la optimalidad de Pareto, entre otras. Los sistemas de votación que son comunes y potencialmente útiles para la toma de decisiones ambientales incluyen simple mayoría, aprobación y votación preferencial. Desafortunadamente, ningún sistema de votación puede garantizar un resultado y a la vez satisfacer un rango de criterios de desempeño muy razonable. Además, los métodos de votación pueden manipularse por los que toman las decisiones y votantes estratégicos si tienen el conocimiento de los patrones de votación y de las alianzas entre miembros dentro de las poblaciones votantes. Las

  5. Sacrifice subi ou sauvetage organisé. Le sort des archives en France durant la Grande Guerre, d’après le fonds de la direction ministérielle des Archives

    OpenAIRE

    Chave, Isabelle

    2014-01-01

    La guerre de 1914-1918 a marqué les services d’archives en France comme les autres institutions culturelles. À travers le fonds d’archives de la direction ministérielle des Archives et les études consacrées aux départements du nord-est de la France, le sort du patrimoine archivistique durant cette période est aujourd’hui mieux connu : destructions majeures et ciblées, sélection des fonds à protéger et à évacuer vers des zones-refuge loin du front, tournées territoriales d’inspection et de rec...

  6. L’opinion dissidente de Pal et le révisionnisme historique dans le Japon d’après-guerre The dissentient judgment of Pal and historical revisionism in Postwar Japan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Takeshi Nakajima

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Dans son opinion dissidente au procès de Tôkyô (le Tribunal militaire international pour l’Extrême-Orient, le juge indien Radhabinhod Pal avait contesté le bien-fondé des notions de « crime contre la paix » et de « crimes contre l’humanité » élaborées par la Charte du tribunal qui furent utilisées pour condamner les hauts responsables japonais comme « criminels de guerre de classe A ». Considérant que ces notions relèvent d’une législation ex post facto, il estima qu’il eût été préférable de s’en tenir à la notion existante de « crimes de guerre ». Faute de quoi, au lieu de servir la justice, le procès de Tokyo cautionna selon lui l’idée qu’il suffirait de sortir vainqueur d’un conflit armé pour pouvoir imposer la loi de manière arbitraire. Au Japon, cette opinion se vit peu à peu durcie, puis détournée de sa visée initiale, par un courant de plus en plus outrageusement révisionniste. Cet article réexamine les points essentiels de l’argumentation de Pal avant d’analyser la façon dont les révisionnistes japonais s’en sont emparée.In his dissenting judgment in the Tokyo trial (the International Military Tribunal for the Far East, the Indian judge Radhabinhod Pal had challenged the validity of the concepts of "crime against peace" and "crime against humanity" developed by the Charter of the court and which were used to condemn the Japanese officials as "war criminals category A". Whereas these concepts are subject to ex post facto legislation, he felt it was better to stick to the existing concept of "war crimes". Failing that, instead of justice, the trial of Tokyo according to endorse the idea that it was enough to win an armed conflict to impose the law in an arbitrary manner. In Japan, this opinion is gradually tightened, then diverted from its original purpose, by a stream of more and more outrageously revisionist. This article reviews the essential points of the argument of

  7. Antenna Pattern Range (APR)

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Laboratory Consortium — TheAntenna Pattern Range (APR)features a non-metallic arch with a trolley to move the transmit antenna from the horizon to zenith. At the center of the ground plane,...

  8. L’Immaculée Conception après le concile de Bâle dans les provinces dominicaines et franciscaines de Teutonie et de Saxe : débats et iconographie

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martina Wehrli-Johns

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available L’essai propose de suivre le fil des débats autour de l’Immaculée Conception dans les pays germaniques à partir du Concile de Bâle jusqu’au début du xvie siècle.Le décret du Concile en faveur de cette doctrine (1439 avait ranimé un désaccord déjà ancien entre les ordres mendiants et particulièrement entre les Franciscains et les Dominicains au sujet de la Vierge immaculée. Les deux traités défendant ce privilège (1444/1445 écrits par l’ancien évêque de Constance, Otto d’Hachberg, sont un premier témoignage de ce conflit en Allemagne. Dès l’avènement du pape franciscain Sixte IV (1471-1484, les disputations publiques et les polémiques littéraires au sujet de l’Immaculée Conception se multiplient. Le point culminant de cette controverse arrive au moment du procès contre le dominicain Wigand Wirt à Rome où l’accusé se voit contraint en 1512 de révoquer ses écrits diffamatoires. L’isolement croissant de l’ordre dominicain dans ce débat semble être aussi la conséquence du thomisme rigide des dominicains observants en Italie et en Allemagne. Ainsi les frères observants de la province de « Teutonie » suivent-ils de près l’opinion de leur confrère Vincent Bandelli de la congrégation observante de Lombardie, déclarant la foi en l’Immaculée Conception comme hérétique. Bien que la bulle Grave nimis (1482 interdise aux partis opposés de se dénoncer mutuellement comme hérétiques, les observants allemands ne manquent pas de faire usage de cette arme, ce qui provoque l’alliance de leurs adversaires (Carmes, Chartreux, Augustiniens, Bénédictins et cercles humanistes de toute couleur dans le camp des franciscains de l’Observance. L’analyse des traités et des circonstances de cette querelle met donc en lumière les tensions et les constellations intellectuelles du discours religieux dans les décennies avant la Réforme protestante où le raisonnement théologique fait place

  9. How devices transform voting

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pieters, Wolter; Hof, van der Simone; Groothuis, Marga M.

    2010-01-01

    Several European countries have been involved in the implementation of electronic forms of voting in elections. This may include electronic voting machines at polling stations, Internet voting, or both. In the former, the registration and counting of the votes is done electronically, but authenticat

  10. OFFICIAL VOTING SYSTEM FOR ELECTRONIC VOTING: E-VOTE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marco Antonio Dorantes Gonzalez

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper describes the Official voting system by electronic ballot: E-Vote, which aims to streamline primary electoral processes performed in the country, beginning with the District Federal benefits and improvements. The principal benefices are economic and ecological time, taking into account process security features and the integrity of the captured votes. This system represents an alternative to the currently devices and systems implemented in countries like Venezuela, Brazil and the United States, as well formalized as a prototype able to compete with others developed by the Institute Federal Electoral District (IEDF.

  11. Transparency in Parliamentary Voting

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    We use a change in the voting procedures of one of the two chambers of the Swiss parliament to explore how transparency affects the voting behavior of its members. Until 2013, the Council of States (Ständerat) had voted by a show of hands. While publicly observable at the time of the vote, legislators’ decisions could only be verified ex post through the time-consuming screening of online videos. In 2014, halfway through the legislative period, the chamber switched to electronic voting. Since...

  12. Party brands and voting

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Sigge Winther; Larsen, Martin Vinæs

    2014-01-01

    Some scholars argue that Western societies have seen a decreasing impact of voting behavior based on cleavages and party identifications. Equally, issue ownership voting is seemingly not increasing its relevance by filling this gap. From this departure we seek out an alternative variable by posing...... the question: Do party brands influence voting behavior? Currently, we do not know because the two research fields of voting behavior and party brands are currently not explicitly linked. Traditionally, the study of voting behavior has gained powerful insights from concepts such as cleavage structure, party...... heuristics and voting models. Next, the article measures the brand value of Danish parties by utilizing a representative association analysis. Finally, this measure is used to conduct the very first empirical analysis of a party brand's effect on voting behavior. Overall, the primary finding demonstrates...

  13. Etude de la variation de transmission optique dans l'UltraViolet du quartz "Nippon Silica Glass" après expositions à des rayonnements - Etude du système d'acquisition de données et du système de contrôle de Hautes Tensions appliquées aux chambres à fils du BARREL RICH de DELPHI

    CERN Document Server

    Delorme, Sophie

    1992-01-01

    Etude de la variation de transmission optique dans l'UltraViolet du quartz "Nippon Silica Glass" après expositions à des rayonnements - Etude du système d'acquisition de données et du système de contrôle de Hautes Tensions appliquées aux chambres à fils du BARREL RICH de DELPHI

  14. Le Comique

    OpenAIRE

    Pasquier, Renaud

    2011-01-01

    J’ai pris un trait d’un côté et un trait d’un autre ; et de ces divers traitsqui pouvaient convenir à une même personne, j’en ai fait des peinturesvraisemblables, cherchant moins à réjouir les lecteurs par le caractère,ou comme le disent les mécontents, par la satire de quelqu’un, qu’à leurproposer des défauts à éviter et des modèles à suivre.Jean de La Bruyère, Discours de réception à l’Académie française, 1693. Le spectacle s’achève après deux rappels sous les applaudissements d’un public c...

  15. ETHICS AND ELECTRONIC VOTING

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    13 pages; International audience; In the first part, we will define the main properties of a democratic election, providing a typology of electronic devices and give a view on some legal documents pertaining to the matter. In the second part, the ethics of voting will be evaluated: our methodology is detailed, followed by an examination of pure paper-based elections, paperless electronic voting and verifiable electronic voting. The new concept of legally operative transparency is defined and ...

  16. One Cow, One Vote

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Albæk, Svend; Schultz, Christian

    1997-01-01

    We study investment decisions in a farmers' cooperative. Farmers sell their products through the cooperative. Before production takes place the cooperative has to decide on an investment. We study whether voting on investment leads to efficient investment decisions. The answer depends on how the ...... the number of votes and the cost of the investment are distributed among the farmers. It is shown that in a variety of settings, there is no reason to suppose that voting rules favoring large farmers - "one cow, one vote" rules - are more efficient than simple majority rule...

  17. Anonymity in voting revisited

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jonker, Hugo; Pieters, Wolter; Chaum, David; Jakobsson, Markus; Rivest, Ronald L.; Ryan, Peter Y.A.; Benaloh, Josh; Kutylowski, Miroslaw; Adida, Ben

    2010-01-01

    According to international law, anonymity of the voter is a fundamental precondition for democratic elections. In electronic voting, several aspects of voter anonymity have been identified. In this paper, we re-examine anonymity with respect to voting, and generalise existing notions of anonymity in

  18. Unconditionally Secure Electronic Voting

    Science.gov (United States)

    Otsuka, Akira; Imai, Hideki

    In this chapter, we will show how to achieve unconditional or information-theoretic security in electronic voting with the following property: 1 Even all voters and tallying authorities have unbounded computing power, the distorted integrity of the voting results can be detected and proved incorrect by every honest voter,

  19. Anonymity in Voting Revisited

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jonker, Hugo; Pieters, Wolter

    According to international law, anonymity of the voter is a fundamental precondition for democratic elections. In electronic voting, several aspects of voter anonymity have been identified. In this paper, we re-examine anonymity with respect to voting, and generalise existing notions of anonymity in e-voting. First, we identify and categorise the types of attack that can be a threat to anonymity of the voter, including different types of vote buying and coercion. This analysis leads to a categorisation of anonymity in voting in terms of a) the strength of the anonymity achieved and b) the extent of interaction between voter and attacker. Some of the combinations, including weak and strong receipt-freeness, are formalised in epistemic logic.

  20. Le Guaraní, patrimoine culturel immatériel du Paraguay : Théorie et pratique de la traduction d'après un manuscrit de 1651 du père Montoya

    OpenAIRE

    2006-01-01

    Bartomeu MELIA est né à Porreres, Mayorque, Espagne en 1932. Jésuite, il est arrivé au Paraguay en 1954 où il a commencé l’étude de la langue et de la culture guarani avec le père Antonio Guasch comme professeur. Il a obtenu un doctorat de l’Université de Strasbourg en 1969 sur le thème « La création d’un langage chrétien dans les réductions des guarani au Paraguay ». Disciple et collaborateur de Don León Cardogan, Bartomeu Meliá a été professeur d’ethnographie et de culture guarani à l’Unive...

  1. Les réseaux sociaux et l’échange entre l’homme politique et les internautes : le cas de Facebook après les élections présidentielles en France

    OpenAIRE

    Yanoshevsky, Galia

    2010-01-01

    A travers l’analyse des interactions entre hommes politiques et internautes sur Facebook après les élections présidentielles de 2007 en France, cet article vise à montrer comment les réseaux sociaux sont exploités par les deux parties. Au départ un réseau décentralisé qui lie les gens sans intervention politico-hiérarchique, Facebook est mobilisé par les hommes politiques au service de leur besoins. Quelles en sont les conséquences pour la sphère publique : s’agit-il d’un outil qui permet à l...

  2. Vers une interdiction des ogm ? Après le rapport de la Société royale du Canada sur «l’avenir de la biotechnologie alimentaire».

    OpenAIRE

    2001-01-01

    La publication du rapport de la Société royale du Canada le 5 février 2001 marquera peut-être un tournant historique important vers une approche gourvernementale plus responsable dans le dossier des OGM (organismes génétiquement modifiés) au Canada. Pour la première fois au Canada, un groupe d’experts indépendants confirme les craintes de nombreux groupes dont Greenpeace au sujet des OGM (pour la position de Greenpeace sur les OGM voir http://www.greenpeace.fr/ , http://www.greenpeace.ca ou h...

  3. APR-2 Tropical Cyclone Observations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Durden, S. L.; Tanelli, S.

    2011-01-01

    The Second Generation Airborne Precipitation Radar (APR-2) participated in the Genesis and Rapid Intensification Processes (GRIP) experiment in August and September of 2010, collecting a large volume of data in several tropical systems, including Hurricanes Earl and Karl. Additional measurements of tropical cyclone have been made by APR-2 in experiments prior to GRIP (namely, CAMEX-4, NAMMA, TC4); Table 1 lists all the APR-2 tropical cyclone observations. The APR-2 observations consist of the vertical structure of rain reflectivity at 13.4 and 35.6 GHz, and at both co-polarization and crosspolarization, as well as vertical Doppler measurements and crosswind measurements. APR-2 normally flies on the NASA DC-8 aircraft, as in GRIP, collecting data with a downward looking, cross-track scanning geometry. The scan limits are 25 degrees on either side of the aircraft, resulting in a roughly 10-km swath, depending on the aircraft altitude. Details of the APR-2 observation geometry and performance can be found in Sadowy et al. (2003).The multiparameter nature of the APR-2 measurements makes the collection of tropical cyclone measurements valuable for detailed studies of the processes, microphysics and dynamics of tropical cyclones, as well as weaker systems that are associated with tropical cyclone formation. In this paper, we give a brief overview of how the APR-2 data are processed. We also discuss use of the APR-2 cross-track winds to estimate various quantities of interest in in studies of storm intensification. Finally, we show examples of the standard products and derived information.

  4. Linear Logical Voting Protocols

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    DeYoung, Henry; Schürmann, Carsten

    2012-01-01

    . In response, we promote linear logic as a high-level language for both specifying and implementing voting protocols. Our linear logical specifications of the single-winner first-past-the-post (SW- FPTP) and single transferable vote (STV) protocols demonstrate that this approach leads to concise......Current approaches to electronic implementations of voting protocols involve translating legal text to source code of an imperative programming language. Because the gap between legal text and source code is very large, it is difficult to trust that the program meets its legal specification...... implementations that closely correspond to their legal specification, thereby increasing trust....

  5. Impact of Electronic Voting Machines on Blank Votes and Null Votes in Brazilian Elections in 1998

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jairo Nicolau

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Electronic voting machines were used for the first time in general elections in Brazil in 1998; in that year, some cities used this new voting method, while others continued to vote using paper ballots. Few studies have demonstrated that the rate of invalid votes for federal deputy was significantly lower in cities that used electronic voting machines. This article analyzes the frequency of null votes and blank votes for four posts—federal deputy, state deputy, the president and governor. Based on a comparison of the results from the 1998 elections with the results from previous elections (1994, the article demonstrates that electronic voting machines reduced the percentage of blank votes for federal deputy, state deputies, the president and governor. Meanwhile, null votes reduced the competition for the posts of federal deputy and state deputy; however, it increased the competition for posts with greater visibility in the Brazilian political system: the governor and president.

  6. Effet du numéro d'oestrus et du nombre de jours après le vêlage sur la probabilité de conception chez les vaches laitières

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Friggens, Nic; Labouriau, Rodrigo

    2007-01-01

    Pour résoudre les problèmes actuels de reproduction chez les vaches laitières, une meilleure connaissance des facteurs animaux impliqués dans l'élaboration de la performance est nécessaire. Un intérêt particulier est porté sur l'accroissement du taux de conception qui est observé avec le numéro d...

  7. Respirators: APR Issuer Self Study 33461

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chochoms, Michael [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2016-07-13

    Respirators: APR Issuer Self-Study (course 33461) is designed to introduce and familiarize employees selected as air-purifying respirator (APR) issuers at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) with the responsibilities, limitations, procedures, and resources for issuing APRs at LANL. The goal is to enable these issuers to consistently provide proper, functioning APRs to authorized users

  8. Instruments et pratique scientifique : l’évolution des choix et des pratiques dans le Cabinet de physique des enfants de France à Versailles d’après les inventaires des Menus-Plaisirs (1758-1765

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pascale Mormiche

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Cette communication concerne l’enseignement scientifique des princes et la composition de cabinet d’instruments scientifiques. Le premier cabinet constitué à Versailles est celui des enfants de France établi sous le contrôle des Menus-Plaisirs. À partir de 1758, il se compose d’instruments choisis parmi les 345 décrits dans le catalogue de l’abbé Nollet en 1738 dans son « Programme ou Idée générale d’un cours de physique expérimentale… ». En 1762 sont déjà achetés plus de 180 objets scientifiques, instruments, matériaux et meubles qu’enrichissent les achats successifs qui se poursuivront en 1765, date à laquelle existe un autre inventaire. Aussi étonnant que cela paraisse, ces deux inventaires n’ont jamais été comparés, ni mis en perspective avec la liste faite lors des séquestres révolutionnaires.Ainsi ces deux inventaires successifs pour ce rare cabinet princier permettent de préciser la culture scientifique des princes grâce au choix minutieux d’objets commandés à l’abbé Nollet par l’équipe préceptorale qui enseigne aux princes. La politique d’acquisition de ces instruments donne des indications sur les pratiques scientifiques des princes. L’électricité fut-elle plus favorisée que la mécanique ou les fluides ? Quelle fut la place de l’observation de l’infiniment grand, de l’infiniment petit ? S’est-on procuré des instruments auprès d’autres constructeurs ? On peut comparer utilement avec un cabinet dont on connaît le rare inventaire d’achat, celui de Mme du Châtelet et Voltaire possédant également des instruments Nollet. L’analyse de ces inventaires va bien au-delà du simple choix d’instruments pour constituer le cabinet de physique des Enfants de France. Il s’agit de relier les instruments avec la pratique pédagogique des princes en montrant la création d’une « discipline scolaire » enseignée aux princes, alors que se déroulent des d

  9. Voting power and Qualified Majority Voting with a "no vote" option

    CERN Document Server

    Kurth, Martin

    2008-01-01

    In recent years, enlargement of the European Union has led to increased interest in the allocation of voting weights to member states with hugely differing population numbers. While the eventually agreed voting scheme lacks any strict mathematical basis, the Polish government suggested a voting scheme based on the Penrose definition of voting power, leading to an allocation of voting weights proportional to the square root of the population (the "Jagiellonian Compromise"). The Penrose definition of voting power is derived from the citizens' freedom to vote either "yes" or "no". This paper defines a corresponding voting power based on "yes", "no" and "abstain" options, and it is found that this definition also leads to a square root law, and to the same optimal vote allocation as the Penrose scheme.

  10. Vote using the Web

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmoltner, Anne-Marie

    In an effort to increase the strength of AGU by increasing participation in voting, you will be able to cast your ballot for AGU officers on the Web this year. The Tellers Committee is working with an experienced firm, election.com, to develop procedures for conducting AGU's first electronic election in November and December 2001. You will be able to cast your votes for the officers of your choice, among the 62 candidates, by going to a secure Web site, or by requesting a paper ballot.An amendment to the District of Columbia law now permits non-profit organizations incorporated in Washington, D.C. to conduct elections using electronic voting. AGU was instrumental in getting the amendment adopted by the Council of the District of Columbia in spring 2001.

  11. Substances toxiques persistantes (PTS dans les corps gras : État des lieux d’après le rapport du programme des Nations-Unies pour l’environnement (PNUE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Narbonne Jean François

    2003-07-01

    Full Text Available Depuis plus de trente ans, une attention croissante a été portée sur les risques pour la santé humaine posés par la contamination de l’environnement par les substances toxiques persistantes (PTS. Ces composés persistent pendant de longues périodes dans les compartiments abiotiques et biotiques, sont transportés sur de longues distances depuis leurs points sources et s’accumulent chez l’homme et les organismes via les chaînes alimentaires. En 1997, le PNUE propose une liste initiale de 12 substances appelées polluants organiques persistants (POPs : aldrine, endrine, dieldrine, chordane, DDT, heptachlore, toxaphène, mirex, hexachlorobenzène, PCBs, dioxines (PCDDs, furanes (PCDFs. En 2001, de nouveaux composés sont ajoutés sur la liste des PTS en fonction de leurs caractéristiques comme la liposolubilité, leur résistance à la dégradation, leur forte toxicité ou la constance des apports : hexachlorohexane, PAHs, endosulfan, pentachlorophénol, formes organiques des métaux lourds : mercure, étain et plomb, phtalates, PBDEs\\\\PBBs, chlordécone, alkyl phénols, atrazine. Les sources de PTS sont diverses : (1 Utilisation de produits chimiques industriels comme les pesticides ou les emballages, (2 Réservoirs historiques déjà présents dans l’environnement essentiellement dans les sols et les sédiments ou sous forme de stocks périmés, (3 Sous-produits de process, en particulier comme contaminants indésirables de procédés industriels et de combustion. La France a été associée au rapport de la région IV méditerranéenne. Les niveaux dans les compartiments de l’environnement sont rapportés et l’exposition de l’homme via l’alimentation (vecteur essentiel est estimée en fonction des données collectées. Une évaluation des risques associés a été faite quand les données étaient suffisantes (PAHs, PCBs, PCDD\\\\F, Me Hg. Les lipides apparaissent comme vecteurs majeurs des PTS à travers la cha

  12. New Mexico Voting Precincts (2008)

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — This dataset contains the New Mexico Voting Precinct Boundaries as of July 2006. It is in a vector digital shapefile created to show the voting precinct coverage for...

  13. Voting Power : A Generalised Framework

    CERN Document Server

    Das, Sreejith

    2012-01-01

    This paper examines an area of Game Theory called Voting Power Theory. With the adoption of a measure theoretic framework it argues that the many different indices and tools currently used for measuring voting power can be replaced by just three simple probabilities. The framework is sufficiently general to be applicable to every conceivable type of voting game, and every possible decision rule.

  14. Vote Points to Kyrgyzstan's Future

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU GUILING

    2010-01-01

    @@ @@ On June 27, a constitutional referendum was held in Kyrgyzstan. The Central Election Commission announced two days later a new Constitution had been approved. Some 2.72 million people were eligible to vote and the turnout was more than 70 percent. Of those who cast ballots, some 90 percent voted for the new Constitution and only 8 percent voted against it.

  15. Voting Experiences I

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jydebjerg, Camilla; Jakobsen, Tina Mou

    From 2008 to 2010, an EU-project ''My opinion my vote – MOTE'' is implemented. The aim of the project is to increase the political participation among people with learning disabilities. A qualitative interview survey of three rounds among 20 persons with learning disabilities and professional...

  16. Vote Counting as Mathematical Proof

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schürmann, Carsten; Pattinson, Dirk

    2015-01-01

    Trust in the correctness of an election outcome requires proof of the correctness of vote counting. By formalising particular voting protocols as rules, correctness of vote counting amounts to verifying that all rules have been applied correctly. A proof of the outcome of any particular election......-based formalisation of voting protocols inside a theorem prover, we synthesise vote counting programs that are not only provably correct, but also produce independently verifiable certificates. These programs are generated from a (formal) proof that every initial set of ballots allows to decide the election winner...

  17. Le pétrole et son évolution après un épandage accidentel en mer. I. L'évolution primaire Oil and How It Evolves After an Accidental Offshore Spill. I. Primary Evolution

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bocart C.

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available Cet article fait l'état des connaissances sur l'évolution au cours des premiers jours d'une coupe pétrolière accidentellement répandue en mer. Cette évolution primaire se fait sous les influences simultanées de l'étalement, de l'évaporation, de la dissolution, de la dispersion et parfois de la sédimentation. Au cours de cette évolution les modifications de la composition chimique des coupes pétrolières se traduisent par de nouvelles propriétés physiques, qui à leur tour influent sur le comportement du pétrole en mer. Un second article doit faire l'état des connaissances sur la suite des modifications que peut subir la coupe pétrolière quand, n'ayant pas disparu ou n'ayant pu être, ramassée, elle continue à évoluer. This article reviews what is known about how on ail cut evolves during the first few days after having been accidentally spilled of sea. This initial evolution occurs under the simultaneous influences of spreading, evaporation, dissolution, dispersion and sometimes sédimentation. During this evolution, changes in the chemical composition of cil cuts are revealed by new physical properties which in turn influence the behavior of ail at sec. A second article will review what is known about the subsequent changes the ail cut moy undergo as if continues to evolve when it hos not disopoeared or been, oicked up.

  18. Electronic Universal Vote

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristian USCATU

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available In the days of informational society everything is going online. Most aspects of our lives have online components. Since democracy is a big issue, it could not escape this trend. Governments themselves are moving to the online environment for the purpose of improving their internal efficiency and their availability to the citizens, businesses and other parties interested. Since governments are the result of elections, elections have also been touched by the electronic fever. New electronic voting solutions arise and each one brings new debates with many arguments in their favor and against them. Accessibility and ease of use leads the arguments in favor of electronic voting over the internet, while fear of fraud is the main reason people are avoiding electronics and clinging on classic paper ballots.

  19. Improving Remote Voting Security with CodeVoting

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joaquim, Rui; Ribeiro, Carlos; Ferreira, Paulo

    One of the major problems that prevents the spread of elections with the possibility of remote voting over electronic networks, also called Internet Voting, is the use of unreliable client platforms, such as the voter's computer and the Internet infrastructure connecting it to the election server. A computer connected to the Internet is exposed to viruses, worms, Trojans, spyware, malware and other threats that can compromise the election's integrity. For instance, it is possible to write a virus that changes the voter's vote to a predetermined vote on election's day. Another possible attack is the creation of a fake election web site where the voter uses a malicious vote program on the web site that manipulates the voter's vote (phishing/pharming attack). Such attacks may not disturb the election protocol, therefore can remain undetected in the eyes of the election auditors.

  20. Against a Minimum Voting Age

    OpenAIRE

    Cook, Philip

    2013-01-01

    A minimum voting age is defended as the most effective and least disrespectful means of ensuring all members of an electorate are sufficiently competent to vote. Whilst it may be reasonable to require competency from voters, a minimum voting age should be rejected because its view of competence is unreasonably controversial, it is incapable of defining a clear threshold of sufficiency and an alternative test is available which treats children more respectfully. This alternative is a procedura...

  1. Compulsory voting: a critical perspective

    OpenAIRE

    2010-01-01

    Compulsory voting is sometimes thought to be justified in democracies because it promotes high levels of voting and mitigates inequalities of turnout amongst social groups. Proponents of compulsory voting also argue that it helps to prevent the free-riding of non-voters on voters. This article casts a sceptical eye on both arguments. Democratic citizens do not have a duty to promote their self-interest, and their duties to others do not generally require them to vote, or to attend the polls. ...

  2. Sincerity in Simple and Complex Voting Mechanisms

    OpenAIRE

    Ballester, Miguel Angel; Rey-Biel, Pedro

    2008-01-01

    We discuss sincere voting when voters have cardinal preferences over alternatives. We interpret sincerity as opposed to strategic voting, and thus define sincerity as the optimal behavior when conditions to vote strategically diminish. When voting mechanisms allow for only one message type (simple voting mechanisms) we show that eliminating some conditions for strategic voting, individuals' optimal behavior coincides with an intuitive and common definition of sincerity. In order to obtain a p...

  3. 2008 Election Administration and Voting Survey

    Data.gov (United States)

    Election Assistance Commission — This dataset contains data about domestic absentee voting, provisional balloting, poll books, polling place, precincts, poll workers, and voting technology used in...

  4. 2010 Election Administration and Voting Survey

    Data.gov (United States)

    Election Assistance Commission — This dataset contains data about domestic absentee voting, provisional balloting, poll books, polling place, precincts, poll workers, and voting technology used in...

  5. In Canada: Txt the Vote

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robertson, Heather-Jane

    2004-01-01

    Youth Vote 2004 encouraged students to text message their questions to party leaders and to use their Nokia handsets to vote. Teachers were presented with a rather pitiful set of suggested classroom activities, all of which (naturally) involved text messaging. A statement from a Nokia representative established both the company's selfless…

  6. Multi-Candidate E-Voting System for Absentee

    OpenAIRE

    Her, Yong-Sork; Sakurai, Kouichi

    2002-01-01

    The voting plays important roles in a democratic country. Due to the problems of the existed voting m ethod, the new voting methods, electronic voting system, have been developing using the computer net work and cryptographic techniques. Many electronic voting schemes have been introduced for secure electronic voting systems. In this paper, we propose the secure electronic voting for absentee e-voting system. The absentee voting plays the important percentage in the existing voting system. Bu...

  7. What makes a vote, and what does a vote make?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dalsgaard, Steffen; Gad, Christopher

    work-in-progress we will focus on one particular ‘problem’ which emerges in light of the project and the current efforts to digitalize electoral processes. That is, the problem of how a vote is constituted and defined as such; how the ways in which a vote works are related to its (potential) material...... of 'the state', ‘citizenship' and ‘democracy’, and what it means if a vote cannot be defined as one exact ‘thing’, but instead may, simultaneously, be many things at once....

  8. Contrôle de l'état des sertissages internes des PFW mesures effectuées sur l'ensemble des aimants du PS après la rénovation de 26 aimants et avant le redémarrage de 2006

    CERN Document Server

    Ottaviani, J

    2006-01-01

    Les sertissages (douilles), utilisés pour raccorder les méplats du circuit principal des PFW à leurs câbles d'alimentation, présentent parfois des défauts de réalisation qui entraînent une résistance électrique anormale. Pour mettre en évidence ces défauts, on mesure la résistance des 4 sertissages des nappes polaires. Les nappes sont alimentées avec un courant efficace nominal de 80A. On effectue les mesures entre le bornier de connexions des 4 câbles d'alimentation des PFW et les circuits auxiliaires correspondants (Pick-ups brasés sur les enroulements). De ces mesures (câble d'alimentation et une courte partie du circuit principal), on en déduit la valeur de la résistance du sertissage qui en assure la liaison. A la mesure des résistances des sertissages des nappes polaires supérieures s'ajoute la résistance des câbles qui assurent la liaison entre borniers. Durant le grand arrêt, 26 aimants, entièrement rénovés et équipés de nouvelles bobines et PFW, ont été remis dans l'ann...

  9. The Risks of Electronic Voting

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wallach, Dan (Rice University)

    2004-08-18

    Recent election problems have sparked great interest in managing the election process through the use of electronic voting systems. While computer scientists, for the most part, have been warning of the perils of such action, vendors have forged ahead with their products, claiming increased security and reliability. Many municipalities have adopted electronic systems, and the number of deployed systems is rising. For these new computerized voting systems, neither source code nor the results of any third-party certification analyses have been available for the general population to study, because vendors claim that secrecy is a necessary requirement to keep their systems secure. Recently, however, the source code for a voting system from Diebold, a major manufacturer, appeared on the Internet. Diebold's systems were used in Georgia's state-wide elections in 2002, and the company recently announced that the state of Maryland awarded them an order for about $55 million to deliver touch-screen voting systems. This unique opportunity for independent scientific analysis of voting system source code demonstrates the fallacy of the closed-source argument for such a critical system. Our analysis shows that this voting system is far below even the most minimal security standards applicable in other contexts. We highlight several issues including unauthorized privilege escalation, incorrect use of cryptography, vulnerabilities to network threats, and poor software development processes. For example, common voters, without any insider privileges, can cast unlimited votes without being detected by any mechanisms within the voting terminal. Furthermore, we show that even the most serious of our outsider attacks could have been discovered without the source code. In the face of such attacks, the usual worries about insider threats are not the only concerns; outsiders can do the damage. That said, we demonstrate that the insider threat is also quite considerable. We

  10. One Share–One Vote

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eklund, Johan Erik; Poulsen, Thomas

    2014-01-01

    Many European companies use some type of control-enhancing mechanism, such as dual class shares or a pyramid ownership structure. Such mechanisms cause deviations from the one share–one vote principle, allocating more voting rights than cash flow rights to some shares and, in turn, providing...... of deviations from the one share–one vote principle. We argue that previous studies suffer from a measurement problem caused by the use of a simplistic notion of disproportionality, and then we show that the effect of control-enhancing mechanisms on firm value has been overestimated in previous studies....

  11. One Share-One Vote

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Poulsen, Thomas; Eklund, Johan E.

    Shares with more voting rights than cash flow rights provide their owners with a disproportional influence that is often found to destroy the value of outside equity. This is taken as evidence of discretionary use of power. However, concentration of power does not necessarily result from control...... enhancing mechanisms; it could also be that some shareholders retain a large block in a one share-one vote structure. In this paper, we develop a methodology to disentangle disproportionality, which allows us to test the effect of deviations from one share-one vote more precisely. Our empirical findings add...

  12. Vulnerability analysis of three remote voting methods

    CERN Document Server

    Enguehard, Chantal

    2009-01-01

    This article analyses three methods of remote voting in an uncontrolled environment: postal voting, internet voting and hybrid voting. It breaks down the voting process into different stages and compares their vulnerabilities considering criteria that must be respected in any democratic vote: confidentiality, anonymity, transparency, vote unicity and authenticity. Whether for safety or reliability, each vulnerability is quantified by three parameters: size, visibility and difficulty to achieve. The study concludes that the automatisation of treatments combined with the dematerialisation of the objects used during an election tends to substitute visible vulnerabilities of a lesser magnitude by invisible and widespread vulnerabilities.

  13. A Secure Architecture for Voting Electronically (SAVE)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goler, Jonathan A.; Selker, Edwin J.

    Electronic voting has the potential to be the most reliable, secure and trustworthy form of voting implemented. Digital technology, complete with error correction, robust storage and cryptographic security offers the possibility to record, transmit, store and tabulate votes far more reliably than paper. While current implementations of electronic voting have been susceptible to various failures, electronic voting itself is not fundamentally flawed. The Secure Architecture for Voting Electronically (SAVE) is one proposed architecture for mitigating security and trust issues with the voting process. In addition, the architecture enables academics, small companies and organizations to easily and cheaply build their own modules conforming to the standard.

  14. The Computer Ate My Vote

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ryan, Peter Y. A.

    Public confidence in voting technologies has been badly shaken over the past years by, amongst other events, the problems with the 2000 and 2004 US presidential elections and the 2007 French presidential election. Serious vulnerabilities have been exposed and documented in all the existing electronic voting systems. Many of these systems use proprietary, protected code and the voters and election officials are expected to take assurances of the suppliers and certifiers on trust.

  15. Vote Bying I: General Elections

    OpenAIRE

    2006-01-01

    We examine the consequences of vote buying, assuming this practice were al- lowed and free of stigma. Two parties compete in a binary election and may purchase votes in a sequential bidding game via up-front binding payments and/or campaign promises (platforms) that are contingent upon the outcome of the elec- tion. We analyze the role of the parties' and voters' preferences in determining the winner and the payments to voters.

  16. Penrose voting system and optimal quota

    CERN Document Server

    Slomczynski, W; Slomczynski, Wojciech; Zyczkowski, Karol

    2006-01-01

    Systems of indirect voting based on the principle of qualified majority can be analysed using the methods of game theory. In particular, this applies to the voting system in the Council of the European Union, which was recently a subject of a vivid political discussion. The a priori voting power of a voter measures his potential influence over the decisions of the voting body under a given decision rule. We investigate a system based on the law of Penrose, in which each representative in the voting body receives the number of votes (the voting weight) proportional to the square root of the population he or she represents. Here we demonstrate that for a generic distribution of the population there exists an optimal quota for which the voting power of any state is proportional to its weight. The optimal quota is shown to decrease with the number of voting countries.

  17. Penrose Voting System and Optimal Quota

    Science.gov (United States)

    Slomczynski, W.; Zyczkowski, K.

    2006-11-01

    Systems of indirect voting based on the principle of qualified majority can be analysed using the methods of game theory. In particular, this applies to the voting system in the Council of the European Union, which was recently a subject of a vivid political discussion. The {ITALIC a priori} voting power of a voter measures his potential influence over the decisions of the voting body under a given decision rule. We investigate a system based on the law of Penrose, in which each representative in the voting body receives the number of votes (the voting weight) proportional to the square root of the population he or she represents. Here we demonstrate that for a generic distribution of the population there exists an optimal quota for which the voting power of any state is proportional to its weight. The optimal quota is shown to decrease with the number of voting countries.

  18. Le collisionneur du futur?

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN Audiovisual Service

    2009-01-01

    Pourquoi deux études parallèles pour un même collisionneur linéaire ? Loin d’être un double effort et un gaspillage de ressources, ces deux études s’inscrivent dans une stratégie de complémentarité afin de fournir la meilleure technologie requise par la physique du futur. Vendredi 12 juin a eu lieu au CERN la première réunion conjointe CLIC et ILC. Elle n’a pas été avare de bons résultats et d’importantes décisions. Le Collisionneur Linéaire International (ILC) et le Collisionneur Linéaire Compact (CLIC) sont deux études qui font, tous deux, appel à des technologies de pointe. A première vue en compétition, les deux études sont en réalité complémentaires et elles ont un objectif commun : proposer dans les plus brefs délais et au moindre coût, l‘accélérateur linéaire le mieux adapté pour prendre le relais de la physique des très hautes énergies après le LHC.

  19. Tactical Voting in Plurality Elections

    CERN Document Server

    Araújo, Nuno A M; Herrmann, Hans J; 10.1371/journal.pone.0012446

    2010-01-01

    How often will elections end in landslides? What is the probability for a head-to-head race? Analyzing ballot results from several large countries rather anomalous and yet unexplained distributions have been observed. We identify tactical voting as the driving ingredient for the anomalies and introduce a model to study its effect on plurality elections, characterized by the relative strength of the feedback from polls and the pairwise interaction between individuals in the society. With this model it becomes possible to explain the polarization of votes between two candidates, understand the small margin of victories frequently observed for different elections, and analyze the polls' impact in American, Canadian, and Brazilian ballots. Moreover, the model reproduces, quantitatively, the distribution of votes obtained in the Brazilian mayor elections with two, three, and four candidates.

  20. Anchoring Bias in Online Voting

    CERN Document Server

    Yang, Zimo; Zhou, Tao

    2012-01-01

    Voting online with explicit ratings could largely reflect people's preferences and objects' qualities, but ratings are always irrational, because they may be affected by many unpredictable factors like mood, weather, as well as other people's votes. By analyzing two real systems, this paper reveals a systematic bias embedding in the individual decision-making processes, namely people tend to give a low rating after a low rating, as well as a high rating following a high rating. This so-called \\emph{anchoring bias} is validated via extensive comparisons with null models, and numerically speaking, the extent of bias decays with interval voting number in a logarithmic form. Our findings could be applied in the design of recommender systems and considered as important complementary materials to previous knowledge about anchoring effects on financial trades, performance judgements, auctions, and so on.

  1. Embedded Based Electronic Voting Machine Using Password

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Varkala Vinay,

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The Electronic voting machine plays a key role in elections. The Earlier EVM’S needs more man power, time and mislead the voting scenario due to influence of local people vote and after voting the other may vote only after the Password is set then the system gets ready to accept the polling. After completion of the polling we may make the system to reset .If the person is authenticated then the vote is issued and the polling process is done using buzzer system, else that denies the process. At every regular intervals of time the polled votes are recorded and give the count that how many votes are casted through LCD. This system gives an efficient way to conduct elections and display the results on the same day.

  2. Optimistic Voting for Managing Replicated Data

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林怀忠; 陈纯

    2002-01-01

    An epidemic model gives an efficient approach for transaction processing ofreplication systems in weakly connected environments. The approach has the advantages ofhigh adaptation, support for low-bandwidth network, and committing updates in an entirelydecentralized control fashion. But the previous implementing protocols, like ROWA protocol,quorum protocol, and voting protocol, have a common shortcoming that they are pessimisticin conflict reconciliation, therefore bring high transaction abort rate and reduce system perfor-mance dramatically when the workload scales up. In this paper, an optimistic voting protocol,which introduces condition vote and order vote in the voting process of transactions, is pro-posed. The condition vote and order vote postpone the final decision on conflicting transactionsand avoid transaction aborts that are incurred by read-write and write-write conflicts. Exper-imental results indicate that the optimistic voting protocol decreases abort rate and improvesaverage response time of transactions markedly when compared to other protocols.

  3. Tax Salience, Voting, and Deliberation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sausgruber, Rupert; Tyran, Jean-Robert

    biases consumers' voting on tax regimes, and that experience is an effective de-biasing mechanism in the experimental laboratory. Pre-vote deliberation makes initially held opinions more extreme rather than correct and does not eliminate the bias in the typical committee. Yet, if voters can discuss...... their experience with the tax regimes they are less likely to be biased.......Tax incentives can be more or less salient, i.e. noticeable or cognitively easy to process. Our hypothesis is that taxes on consumers are more salient to consumers than equivalent taxes on sellers because consumers underestimate the extent of tax shifting in the market. We show that tax salience...

  4. Tax Salience, Voting, and Deliberation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sausgruber, Rupert; Tyran, Jean-Robert

    Tax incentives can be more or less salient, i.e. noticeable or cognitively easy to process. Our hypothesis is that taxes on consumers are more salient to consumers than equivalent taxes on sellers because consumers underestimate the extent of tax shifting in the market. We show that tax salience...... biases consumers' voting on tax regimes, and that experience is an effective de-biasing mechanism in the experimental laboratory. Pre-vote deliberation makes initially held opinions more extreme rather than correct and does not eliminate the bias in the typical committee. Yet, if voters can discuss...... their experience with the tax regimes they are less likely to be biased....

  5. One Share - One Vote: The Theory

    OpenAIRE

    2007-01-01

    The impact of separating cash flow and votes depends on the ownership structure. In widely held firms, one share - one vote is in general not optimal. While it ensures an efficient outcome in bidding contests, dual-class shares mitigate the free-rider problem, thereby promoting takeovers. In the presence of a controlling shareholder, one share - one vote promotes value-increasing control transfers and deters value-decreasing control transfers more effectively than any other vote allocation. M...

  6. Thai Electoral Campaigning: Vote-Canvassing Networks and Hybrid Voting

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anyarat Chattharakul

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Based on evidence gathered through participant observation, this article illuminates the nature of vote-canvassing, previously a black box in Thai electoral studies. Offering a close-up study of the internal mechanisms of an individual Thai election campaign, this article reveals that vote-canvasser networks are underpinned by long-term dyadic relationships, both hierarchical and horizontal, between the candidate, vote-canvassers and voters. These networks continue to be the most important factor in winning elections. This article documents how candidates draw up an election campaign map and identify voters along residential lines to maximise their vote-canvassing strategy. The findings of this article challenge Anek’s 1996 concept of “two democracies”, which argues that rural voters are influenced by money, local leaders, political factions and corrupt politicians while more well-educated, urban, middle-class voters are more oriented toward the alternative policies offered by competing parties. The case study of Kom’s election campaign showed that the role of the much-vaunted middle-class voters is not decisive, even in suburban areas of Bangkok. While political marketing has grown in importance in Thai elections, it has not displaced traditional electoral practices. Thai society is, in fact, deeply fragmented and diverse – too complex to be divided in such a simplistic manner. This article suggests that rather than undergoing a linear transformation, political hybridisation is a key trend in Thai election campaigns.

  7. Quantitative Analysis of Strategic Voting in Anonymous Voting Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Tiance

    2016-01-01

    Democratically choosing a single preference from three or more candidate options is not a straightforward matter. There are many competing ideas on how to aggregate rankings of candidates. However, the Gibbard-Satterthwaite theorem implies that no fair voting system (equality among voters and equality among candidates) is immune to strategic…

  8. 12 CFR 708a.13 - Voting guidelines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Voting guidelines. 708a.13 Section 708a.13... INSURED CREDIT UNIONS TO MUTUAL SAVINGS BANKS § 708a.13 Voting guidelines. A converting credit union must conduct its member vote on conversion in a fair and legal manner. NCUA provides the following...

  9. Vote buying II: legislatures and lobbying

    OpenAIRE

    2006-01-01

    We examine the consequences of lobbying and vote buying, assuming this prac- tice were allowed and free of stigma. Two "lobbyists" compete for the votes of legislators by offering up-front payments to the legislators in exchange for their votes. We analyze how the lobbyists' budget constraints and legislator preferences determine the winner and the payments.

  10. Innovative Way of Internet Voting - Secure On-line Vote - SOLV

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shalini Vermani

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available With the rapid growth in Information Technology, internet voting system has been evolved. This is a web based system that must provide high level of security. In this paper we have proposed Secure On-line Vote (SOLV, an internet voting system. SOLV gives voters a reliable and highly secure environment to cast their vote on web. This system ensures authentication of voters and guarantees the secrecy and integrity of each vote.

  11. Truthful approximations to range voting

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Filos-Ratsika, Aris; Miltersen, Peter Bro

    We consider the fundamental mechanism design problem of approximate social welfare maximization under general cardinal preferences on a finite number of alternatives and without money. The well-known range voting scheme can be thought of as a non-truthful mechanism for exact social welfare...

  12. The impact of voting on tax payments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wahl, Ingrid; Muehlbacher, Stephan; Kirchler, Erich

    2010-02-01

    This study examines whether participating in governmental decisions influences taxpayers' cooperation. The results of experiment 1 show that participants tend to contribute more when they can vote on different rules for a public good game. Experiment 2 reveals that tax payments are lowest in a tax simulation when participants benefit from tax payments and can not vote. However, when the participants did not benefit from tax payments, voting had no impact and cooperation was about the same as when participants benefited and could vote. Furthermore, voting increases procedural fairness and trust mediates the effect of procedural fairness on tax payments.

  13. Smart Voting System for Non Resident Indians

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohamed Shijas N

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available An Smart voting system for Indian election is proposed for the first time in this project. The proposed model has a greater security in the sense that voter high security password is confirmed before the vote is accepted in the main database of Election Commission of India. The additional feature of the model is that the voters can confirm if his/her vote has gone to correct candidate/party. In this model a person can also vote from outside of his/her allotted constituency or from his/her preferred location. In the proposed system the tallying of the votes will be done automatically

  14. Parameterized Control Complexity in Fallback Voting

    CERN Document Server

    Erdélyi, Gábor

    2010-01-01

    We study the parameterized control complexity of fallback voting, a voting system that combines preference-based with approval voting. Electoral control is one of many different ways for an external agent to tamper with the outcome of an election. We show that adding and deleting candidates in fallback voting are W[2]-hard for both the constructive and destructive case, parameterized by the amount of action taken by the external agent. Furthermore, we show that adding and deleting voters in fallback voting are W[2]-hard for the constructive case, parameterized by the amount of action taken by the external agent, and are in FPT for the destructive case.

  15. Secure Biometric E-Voting Scheme

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahmed, Taha Kh.; Aborizka, Mohamed

    The implementation of the e-voting becomes more substantial with the rapid increase of e-government development. The recent growth in communications and cryptographic techniques facilitate the implementation of e-voting. Many countries introduced e-voting systems; unfortunately most of these systems are not fully functional. In this paper we will present an e-voting scheme that covers most of the e-voting requirements, smart card and biometric recognition technology were implemented to guarantee voter's privacy and authentication.

  16. Candide et le physicien

    CERN Document Server

    Espagnat, Bernard d'

    2008-01-01

    Les avancées considérables de la physique d'après guerre n'ont - on le sait - été possibles qu'au prix d'une vraie rupture entre elle et la physique dite " classique ". A quels changements cette rupture nous contraint-elle en ce qui concerne des notions essentielles, telles celles d'espace, de temps, d'objet et d'objectivité ? Quelles en sont les incidences quant à la portée de la connaissance, au rôle de la conscience, aux relations entre science et ontologie ? Ce sont là des questions de fond, fort délicates, auxquelles les personnes de tendance quelque peu philosophique sont plus sensibles que ne le sont les physiciens. Malheureusement, les premières ne disposent normalement pas des connaissances de pointe qui seules permettent d'approfondir de tels problèmes sans trop risquer de s'égarer. Etant donné l'impact que, par ses applications, la science a sur nos vies, nombreux sont ceux qui souhaitent se former une idée plus juste de ce qu'elle implique vraiment. Le présent ouvrage prend la for...

  17. Challenges of Electronic Voting - A Survey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aboubakr Ebrahim Elewa

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Electronic Voting (e-Voting is the most important application in e-Government and e-Democracy. Thanks to the rapid growth in the use of computers and advances in cryptography, it is a serious push for e-Voting because many people already have access to the Internet. e-Voting can be the fastest, cheapest, and most effective way to administer the election, count the votes, and report the results. The main purpose of this paper is to highlight the major challenges facing e-Voting systems, introduce different ideas to face those challenge from different countries, and to explore the advantages and disadvantages of those ideas. Each of the challenges presented in this paper must be taken into account in crafting a legal framework for e-Voting to prevent harm before balloting is concluded.

  18. Pool-site E-voting Security

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ciprian Ezeanu

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to present e-voting procedure describing its advantages and disadvantages. Conventional security measures such as firewalls or SSL communications are necessary but not sufficient to guarantee the specific security requirements of e-voting. Besides these conventional security measures, it is also necessary to implement an additional layer of specialized security technology to address the specific risks posed by electronic voting and guarantee critical security requirements such as voters’ privacy, vote integrity and voter-verifiability. Analyzing the security of Diebold AccuVote-TS voting machine it was observed the vulnerabilities of this machine to different classes of attacks like: vote-stealing attack, Denial-of-Service (DoS attack and injecting attack code.

  19. Electoral Performance and Voting Behavior

    OpenAIRE

    2005-01-01

    In this paper we study the voting behavior of the Czech Parliament members. First, we show that low-dimensionality characterizes conflict in the Czech Parliament. The first, and dominant dimension is the classical left-right dimension, whereas the second dimension, when significant, expresses attitude toward European integration. Second, we document the party development in the Czech Parliament and show evidence of convergence to a Western European type parliamentary democracy. We show that t...

  20. Martin Luther King, 40 ans après sa disparition

    OpenAIRE

    Hélène Harter

    2009-01-01

    Le 4 avril 1968 Martin Luther King est assassiné à Memphis. Moins de cinq ans après la mort du président Kennedy, les Etats-Unis sont à nouveau touchés par la violence politique. Cet article retrace le parcours qui a conduit le révérend King jusqu’à Memphis en cette année politiquement et socialement agitée. Comment sa mort est-elle vécue aux États-Unis ? Quelle mémoire conserve-t-on de lui aujourd’hui ?On April 4, 1968 Martin Luther King was assassinated in Memphis. Less than five years afte...

  1. Avant et après la Révolution mexicaine

    OpenAIRE

    2007-01-01

    La période qui s’étend de 1877 à 1976 recouvre au Mexique deux périodes distinctes : d’une part, de 1877 à 1911, huit mandats consécutifs du régime dictatorial de Porfirio Díaz ; et, d’autre part, le régime issu de la révolution mexicaine, qui a renversé le régime de Díaz et qui, par la suite, a été connu comme le régime du Parti Révolutionnaire Institutionnel (PRI). Cette étude s’arrête en 1976, moment où un tournant politique semble s’amorcer au Mexique, après la crise politique de 1968.L’a...

  2. Secure Remote Voting Using Paper Ballots

    CERN Document Server

    Nitschke, Lukasz

    2008-01-01

    Internet voting will probably be one of the most significant achievements of the future information society. It will have an enormous impact on the election process making it fast, reliable and inexpensive. Nonetheless, so far remote voting is considered to be very difficult, as one has to take into account susceptibility of the voter's PC to various cyber-attacks. As a result, most the research effort is put into developing protocols and machines for poll-site electronic voting. Although these solutions yield promising results, they cannot be directly adopted to Internet voting because of secure platform problem. However, the cryptographic components they utilize may be very useful. This paper presents a scheme based on combination of mixnets and homomorphic encryption borrowed from robust poll-site voting, along with techniques recommended for remote voting -- code sheets and test ballots. The protocol tries to minimize the trust put in voter's PC by making the voter responsible for manual encryption of his...

  3. Dominating Manipulations in Voting with Partial Information

    CERN Document Server

    Conitzer, Vincent; Xia, Lirong

    2011-01-01

    We consider manipulation problems when the manipulator only has partial information about the votes of the nonmanipulators. Such partial information is described by an information set, which is the set of profiles of the nonmanipulators that are indistinguishable to the manipulator. Given such an information set, a dominating manipulation is a non-truthful vote that the manipulator can cast which makes the winner at least as preferable (and sometimes more preferable) as the winner when the manipulator votes truthfully. When the manipulator has full information, computing whether or not there exists a dominating manipulation is in P for many common voting rules (by known results). We show that when the manipulator has no information, there is no dominating manipulation for many common voting rules. When the manipulator's information is represented by partial orders and only a small portion of the preferences are unknown, computing a dominating manipulation is NP-hard for many common voting rules. Our results t...

  4. Architecture of COOPTO Remote Voting Solution

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silhavy, Radek; Silhavy, Petr; Prokopova, Zdenka

    This contribution focuses on investigation of remote electronic voting system, named COOPTO. Researching of suitability of electronic voting solution is forced by necessity of the improvement election process. The COOPTO is based on topical investigation of voting process and their implementation of using modern information and communication technology. The COOPTO allows voters, who are not in their election district, to participate in the democracy process. The aim of this contribution is to describe results of the development of the COOPTO solutions.

  5. The Ideal Voting Interface: Classifying Usability

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Damien Mac Namara

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This work presents a feature-oriented taxonomy for commercial electronic voting machines, which focuses on usability aspects. Based on this analysis, we propose a ‘Just-Like-Paper’  (JLP classification method which identifies five broad categories of eVoting interface. We extend the classification to investigate its application as an indicator of voting efficiency and identify a universal ten-step process encompassing all possible voting steps spanning the twenty-six machines studied. Our analysis concludes that multi-functional and progressive interfaces are likely to be more efficient versus multi-modal voter-activated machines.

  6. Comme le temps passe !

    OpenAIRE

    Voituriez, Maurice

    2014-01-01

    Voici qu’on nous annonce la disparition programmée en 2012 du Minitel. Dans le n° 138 de notre revue, paru en 1988 M. Seren-Rosso parle du télécopieur, généralement appelé fax. Introduit en France dans les années 1970, il devait prendre la place du télex (connu chez nous après 1960). Le télex a vécu, le fax existe encore mais fortement concurrencé par le courriel (ou e‑mail). Il existe heureusement des créations qui persistent et Jean Maillot cite le correcteur orthographique, déjà existant ...

  7. Application of Biometrics in Mobile Voting

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Donovan Gentles

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Voting process in today’s era is behind its time in respect of the usage of modern ICT. The voting process is being seen mostly as a manual and paper based one. This process can be overwhelming, time-consuming and prone to security breaches and electoral fraud. Over the years technology related systems were being developed to resolve some of the issues like electoral fraud, impersonation, double voting etc. One such system is Electronic based voting that has been actively used for voting in countries like India. However, these systems seem to be prone to electoral frauds and voters have to make tremendous effort to cast their ballots. There are still a few very important areas which have to be identified and addressed viz., the Security which involves a person be able to vote in a secure manner, the time spent for voting by voters, the efficiency in counting of votes and the cost involved in employing people towards monitoring the voting process. So taking these areas/issues into consideration we have now come with the biometrics authenticated mobile voting system, to start with for a country like Jamaica. The technology being proposed now is novel and the first of its kind proposed at present. It is proposed that using fingerprint supported biometric control information and encryption along with Secure Socket Layer i.e. SSL using VeriSign, would make the software involved in the voting process well secured. In addition tying the credentials to a mobile device will make the system even more robust. We have considered the mobile equipment for the present system development, a smart phone using Android 3.0 (Honeycomb. The details of the proposed development are presented in this paper.

  8. Radiation exposure reduction in APR1400

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bae, C. J.; Hwang, H. R. [Korea Power Engineering Company, Inc., Yongin (Korea, Republic of); Matteson, D. M. [Westinghouse Electric Company, Pittsburgh (United States)

    2003-06-15

    The primary contributors to the total occupational radiation exposure in operating nuclear power plants are operation and maintenance activities during refueling outages. The Advanced Power Reactor 1400 (APR1400) includes a number of design improvements and plans to utilize advanced maintenance methods and robotics to minimize the annual collective dose. The major radiation exposure reduction features implemented in APR1400 are a permanent refueling pool seal, quick opening transfer tube blind flange, improved hydrogen peroxide injection at shutdown, improved permanent steam generator work platforms, and more effective temporary shielding. The estimated average annual occupational radiation exposure for APR1400 based on the reference plant experience and an engineering judgment is determined to be in the order of 0.4 man-Sv, which is well within the design goal of 1 man-Sv. The basis of this average annual occupational radiation exposure estimation is an eighteen (18) month fuel cycle with maintenance performed to steam generators and reactor coolant pumps during refueling outage. The outage duration is assumed to be 28 days. The outage work is to be performed on a 24 hour per day basis, seven (7) days a week with overlapping twelve (12) hour work shifts. The occupational radiation exposure for APR 1400 is also determined by an alternate method which consists of estimating radiation exposures expected for the major activities during the refueling outage. The major outage activities that cause the majority of the total radiation exposure during refueling outage such as fuel handling, reactor coolant pump maintenance, steam generator inspection and maintenance, reactor vessel head area maintenance, decontamination, and ICI and instrumentation maintenance activities are evaluated at a task level. The calculated value using this method is in close agreement with the value of 0.4 man-Sv, that has been determined based on the experience and engineering judgement

  9. Component Based Electronic Voting Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lundin, David

    An electronic voting system may be said to be composed of a number of components, each of which has a number of properties. One of the most attractive effects of this way of thinking is that each component may have an attached in-depth threat analysis and verification strategy. Furthermore, the need to include the full system when making changes to a component is minimised and a model at this level can be turned into a lower-level implementation model where changes can cascade to as few parts of the implementation as possible.

  10. How Bad is Selfish Voting?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Branzei, Simina; Caragiannis, Ioannis; Morgenstern, Jamie;

    2013-01-01

    It is well known that strategic behavior in elections is essentially unavoidable; we therefore ask: how bad can the rational outcome be? We answer this question via the notion of the price of anarchy, using the scores of alternatives as a proxy for their quality and bounding the ratio between...... the score of the optimal alternative and the score of the winning alternative in Nash equilibrium. Specifically, we are interested in Nash equilibria that are obtained via sequences of rational strategic moves. Focusing on three common voting rules — plurality, veto, and Borda — we provide very positive...

  11. Gestion de crise et aide internationale après le séisme du 12 janvier à Port-au-Prince Haïti, toujours dans l’urgence ! (Témoignage Crisis Management and International Aid after Earthquake of January 12 in Port-au-Prince Haiti, always in a Hurry! (Testimony

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-Philippe Pierre

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Dans le cadre de l’intervention qui a été déclenchée pour venir en aide aux sinistrés du tremblement de terre en Haïti le 12 janvier dernier, la France a envoyé des moyens importants. Le déploiement de ces moyens comme celui de ceux envoyés par le reste de la communauté internationale s’est déroulé sur un territoire ravagé. En plus des difficultés liées aux destructions, il a été relativement difficile d’avoir une vision globale de la situation. L’absence quasi totale de moyens de communication sur place et l’interprétation faite par certains médias internationaux, d’évènements anodins ont également contribué à compliquer cette situation.  Aujourd’hui, on énumère les actions et les projets mais qu’en est-il de la situation sur le terrain ?As part of the intervention was triggered to help victims of earthquake in Haiti on January 12 this year, France sent substantial resources. The deployment of these resources such as those sent by the rest of the international community took place on a ravaged territory. In addition to difficulties related to destruction, it was relatively difficult to obtain an overview of the situation. The almost total absence of means of communication on site and the interpretation made by some international media, benign events also helped to complicate the situation. Today, it lists the actions and projects, but what about the situation on the ground?

  12. The Secure Electronic Voting System for Absentee

    OpenAIRE

    Her, Yong-Sork; Sakurai, Kouichi

    2002-01-01

    In this paper, we propose the absentee e-voting system based on security, completeness and verifiability. We use r-th residue cryptography for homomorphic encryption, ZKIP (Zero-Knowledge interactive proofs), RSA algorithm for the secure absentee e-voting.

  13. Impartiality, Friendship-networks and Voting Behavior

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Charron, Nicholas

    2013-01-01

    What is the extent to which a country's political institutions impact aggregate voting behavior in a comparative perspective? More specifically, are citizens in some countries more inclined vote on the basis of ‘quality’ or ‘merit’ over ‘friendship’ or ‘loyalty’, and if so, why? This paper seeks ...

  14. Static Validation of a Voting Protocol

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Christoffer Rosenkilde; Andersen, Esben Heltoft; Nielson, Hanne Riis

    2005-01-01

    The desired security properties of electronic voting protocols include verifiability, accuracy, democracy and fairness. In this paper we use a static program analysis tool to validate these properties for one of the classical voting protocols under appropriate assumptions. The protocol is formali...

  15. Internet voting: a conceptual challenge to democracy

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pieters, W.; Trauth, E.M.; Howcroft, D.; Butler, T.; Fitzgerald, B.; DeGross, J.I.

    2006-01-01

    In this paper, we discuss the implications for social inclusion of the advent of Internet voting. Although the issue of social exclusion or social inclusion with regard to technological developments in the voting process is often approached as a matter of either security or turnout, we will take a b

  16. Do Altruistic Preferences Matter for Voting Outcomes?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mahler, Daniel Gerszon

    2017-01-01

    and actual votes are analyzed by locating the Danish political parties in a political compass. Altruistic preferences are found to drive votes to the left and away from extreme candidates. A smaller U.S. survey on the 2016 presidential candidates (n = 400) yields similar results. The results suggest...

  17. A NOVEL VOTING SYSTEM USING SMS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.Kamaraju

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Electronic voting systems have the potential to improve traditional voting procedures by providing added convenience and flexibility to the voter. Numerous electronic voting schemes have been proposed in the past, but most of them have failed to provide voter authentication in an efficient and transparent way. On the other hand, GSM (Global System for Mobile communications is the most widely used mobile networking standard. There are more than one billion GSM users worldwide that represent a large user potential not for mobile telephony, but also for other mobile applications that exploit the mature GSM infrastructure. In this paper, the electronic voting scheme using GSM mobile technology is presented. By integrating an electronic voting scheme with the GSM infrastructure, we are able to exploit existing GSM authentication mechanisms and provide enhanced voter authentication and mobility while maintaining voter privacy. The objective of this project is to avoid the queue in voting time. Voting machines provide easy access to cast the vote by using mobile phone.

  18. 20 CFR 638.535 - Voting rights.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Voting rights. 638.535 Section 638.535 Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR JOB CORPS PROGRAM UNDER TITLE IV-B OF THE JOB TRAINING PARTNERSHIP ACT Center Operations § 638.535 Voting rights. The Job...

  19. 7 CFR 1210.602 - Voting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Voting. 1210.602 Section 1210.602 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS... PLAN Referendum Procedures § 1210.602 Voting. (a) Each person who is an eligible producer, handler,...

  20. Bucklin Voting is Broadly Resistant to Control

    CERN Document Server

    Erdélyi, Gábor; Rothe, Jörg

    2010-01-01

    Electoral control models ways of changing the outcome of an election via such actions as adding/deleting/partitioning either candidates or voters. These actions modify an election's participation structure and aim at either making a favorite candidate win ("constructive control") or prevent a despised candidate from winning ("destructive control"), which yields a total of 22 standard control scenarios. To protect elections from such control attempts, computational complexity has been used to show that electoral control, though not impossible, is computationally prohibitive. Among natural voting systems with a polynomial-time winner problem, the two systems with the highest number of proven resistances to control types (namely 19 out of 22) are "sincere-strategy preference-based approval voting" (SP-AV, a modification of a system proposed by Brams and Sanver) and fallback voting. Both are hybrid systems; e.g., fallback voting combines approval with Bucklin voting. In this paper, we study the control complexity...

  1. Prizes, Groups and Pivotal Voting in a Poisson Voting Game

    CERN Document Server

    Smith, Alastair; de Mesquita, Bruce Bueno

    2011-01-01

    We model elections between two parties in a Poisson random population of voters (Myerson 1998, 2000). In addition to offering different policy benefits, parties offer contingent prizes to those identifiable groups of voters that offer the highest level of political support. In large populations, voters are only likely to influence the electoral outcome when the vote share between two parties is perfectly equal and even then their influence on the outcome is small. In contrast voters retain significant influence over the distribution of prizes even in lopsided elections. Equilibrium behavior is driven by voters competing to win preferential treatment for their group and not by policy concerns. The results address variance in turnout in elections, political rewards and the persistence of dominant parties even when they are popularly perceived as inferior.

  2. Le nouveall visage de la campagne chinoise

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2003-01-01

    Dans IES vastes territoires de Chine se trouve Un hombre considérable de bourgs de tallies variables, ou vivent 80% de la population chinoise. Après plus de 20 ans de """"""""""""""""réforme et d'ouverture"""""""""""""""", émerge une situation économique route nouvelle; """"""""""""""""Le développement rural avec les technologies modernes"""""""""""""""". Les petits bourgs ont établit un système de soins médicaux,

  3. Security System for Mobile Voting with Biometrics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laurentiu Marinescu

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available For centuries, voting has been a democratic right and way to choose our politicians. Nowadays, the voting process became a major issue in order to avoid crucial vulnerabilities like multiple voting, missing ballot papers, electoral fraud and miscount votes in an election. To prevent those leaks in our current voting system and to improve other factors like time-consuming and reducing cost of resources, I decided to implement a secured mobile voting system on android.In today’s era, the number of people that possess a smart-phone is larger and larger and also the advanced stage of technology can concur to a reliable solution for voting.The architecture of this system will contain the mobile application that need to be installed on a mobile device, also will contain a server to compute multiple operations (face detection, face recognition and matching the face with the existing ones, matching unique id of the smart-phone with the one stored in database based on user personal identification number and a server database. Firstly, an introduction about the subject and system is presented. Problem formulation will contain a research about this topic. Solution of the problem is presented in four subsections: architecture of the system, implementation, face recognition verifier and other solutions.

  4. Increase voted to NSF Budget

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richman, Barbara T.

    The Subcommittee on Science, Research, and Technology of the House Committee on Science and Technology voted by a narrow margin on March 10 to increase the National Science Foundation (NSF) budget authorization by $30 million, pushing the total budget to $1099.5 million. The increase is targeted solely for science and engineering education (see table). Although the total for research and related activities in NSF remained the same as in President Reagan's budget request, the subcommittee shifted funds among directorates, including an $8.9 million decrease from the budget of the Directorate for Astronomical, Atmospheric, Earth, and Ocean Sciences (AAEO). The subcommittee action also calls for $1.6 million to be allocated to United States participation in the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (NASA).

  5. Apreçamento de derivativos bidimensionais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hugo Daniel de Oliveira Azevedo

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available Neste artigo analisamos o apreçamento de contratos que tenham seus resultados atrelados a mais de um ativo subjacente, em especial, opções bidimensionais. Para isto usamos a fórmula desenvolvida por Margrabe (1978 e o modelo de árvores de Rubinstein (1991a. Em seguida apresentamos exemplos práticos de opções bidimensionais e apreçamos estas opções. Além disto, sugerimos a incorporação de outros instrumentos, negociados no exterior, ao mercado de derivativos brasileiro.In this article we analyze the pricing of contracts that have their payoffs linked to more than one underlying asset, in special, bidimensional options. To achieve this purpose we use the formula developed by Margrabe (1978 and the tree model of Rubinstein (1991a. Next, we present practical examples of bidimensional options and price these options. Moreover we suggest the incorporation of two other instruments, negotiated abroad, to the Brazilian derivative markets

  6. Ce que permet le document

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    Avec l’archive, à laquelle il est souvent associé, le document occupe une place centrale dans les expositions comme dans les publications actuelles sur l’art contemporain. Les présents ouvrages n’ont pas pour objectif d’apporter un éclairage à ce vaste tournant mnémonique qui semble s’emparer des pratiques et des discours sur l’art depuis le début de ce troisième millénaire, même si les contributions de certains de leurs auteurs pointent des éléments conjoncturels (l’après 11 septembre) ou te...

  7. The Racial Context of Convenience Voting Cutbacks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Russell Weaver

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Classic models of democratic political behavior imply that eliminating opportunities to vote early in person (EIP negatively affects the political participation of voters who prefer to use that option. Nevertheless, several U.S. state legislatures recently passed or proposed laws to scale back their EIP voting operations. Such efforts have met with opposition, as both academic researchers and federal courts have found that minority voters, especially African Americans, now utilize EIP voting at significantly higher rates than White voters. Prior to the 2012 presidential election, this argument was central to a federal court’s decision to temporarily block legislation in Ohio that sought to cut several days from the state’s EIP voting period. A post-election legal battle is reconsidering this matter, and the outcome will shape Ohio’s voting rules going forward. This article contributes empirical results to the discourse by estimating EIP voting take-up rates, by race, during the 2008 and 2012 U.S. presidential elections in Ohio’s three largest counties. Ecological inference models reveal that African Americans in all three study areas voted EIP at substantially higher rates than White voters during both elections. These results are supported by decile tables that report early voting behavior for relatively racially homogeneous geographies, and by geovisualizations that depict direct relationships between the spatial distributions of minority persons and EIP voting usage. Collectively, the findings suggest that the potential effects of Ohio’s proposed policy changes would not be equally distributed between racial groups.

  8. 11 CFR 110.18 - Voting age population.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 11 Federal Elections 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Voting age population. 110.18 Section 110.18... PROHIBITIONS § 110.18 Voting age population. There is annually published by the Department of Commerce in the Federal Register an estimate of the voting age population based on an estimate of the voting...

  9. Le droit de vote accordé aux femmes britanniques à l’issue de la Première Guerre mondiale : une récompense pour les services rendus ? Women’s Suffrage in 1918: a Reward for Wartime Services?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Véronique Molinari

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available The fact that 8.5 million British women obtained the right to vote at the end of the First World War has often been attributed to women’s war work and presented as a kind of reward for services rendered to the nation. Such an opinion, however, is difficult to maintain. While some people may have changed their view of the value of women when confronted with their participation in the war effort, prejudice certainly did not disappear as quickly as both the press and politicians would have liked people to believe – mainly for propaganda purposes. Besides, many elements contradict the idea of the vote as a reward: the mass dismissal of women workers at the end of the war and the volte-face of the press in the following years, the age restriction imposed by the Representation of the People Act that left most women war-workers out of the electorate because they were under 30, or again the reluctance of the government to include women in an electoral reform made necessary to allow soldiers to vote. For one should not forget that the electoral reform of 1918 was never meant for women and that women’s suffrage was, in fact, the only measure in the whole bill not to be approved unanimously.

  10. Le livre sur le livre traité de documentation

    CERN Document Server

    Otlet, Paul

    2015-01-01

    Paul Otlet est considéré comme le père des sciences de l'information. Ouvrage fondateur et fondamental, le Traité de documentation. Le livre sur le livre (1934) est l'aboutissement de son travail inlassable pour rassembler, classer et partager les connaissances. Otlet y propose une remarquable synthèse du savoir sur le livre et le document en même temps qu'il anticipe Internet et l'hypertexte. La réédition du Traité de documentation, 70 ans après la disparition de son auteur, coïncide avec la réouverture du Mundaneum à Mons, où le fabuleux héritage documentaire légué par Paul Otlet et Henri La Fontaine est conservé. « Ici, la table de travail n'est plus chargée d'aucun livre. À leur place se dresse un écran et à portée un téléphone. Là-bas, au loin, dans un édifice immense, sont tous les livres et tous les renseignements. De là, on fait apparaître sur l'écran la page à lire pour connaître la réponse aux questions posées par téléphone. » Préfaces de Benoît Peeters (éc...

  11. Le furet : peau et glandes annexes

    OpenAIRE

    Barreau, Christelle

    2002-01-01

    Le furet (Mustela putorius furo) fait partie des Nouveaux Animaux de Compagnie que le praticien est de plus en plus souvent amené à rencontrer en clientèle. Les problèmes cutanés sont, comme chez les autres carnivores domestiques, des motifs de consultation très fréquents, après la vaccination et la stérilisation. De plus, l'odeur particulière de cet animal représente parfois un réel désagrément pour son propriétaire. L'auteur commence par faire un rappel sur le furet, son histoire, ses carac...

  12. Les réseaux sociaux et l’échange entre l’homme politique et les internautes : le cas de Facebook après les élections présidentielles en France Social Networks and the Exchange Between Politicians and Surfers: Facebook and the presidential post elections in France

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Galia Yanoshevsky

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available A travers l’analyse des interactions entre hommes politiques et internautes sur Facebook après les élections présidentielles de 2007 en France, cet article vise à montrer comment les réseaux sociaux sont exploités par les deux parties. Au départ un réseau décentralisé qui lie les gens sans intervention politico-hiérarchique, Facebook est mobilisé par les hommes politiques au service de leur besoins. Quelles en sont les conséquences pour la sphère publique : s’agit-il d’un outil qui permet à l’internaute de déjouer les usages de marketing politique qu’en fait l’homme politique ?The purpose of this article is to show how social networks, and more specifically Facebook, are used by politicians and their supporters. This is achieved through a detailed analysis of exchange of posts between politicians and surfers in the period following the presidential election campaigns in France of 2007. It is shown how politicians take advantage of Facebook, despite its initially being a decentralized social network, connecting people without a political or hierarchic purpose. The article attempts to show some of the consequences of such an exploitation of a public network for the public sphere and asks how much leverage there is for the surfers/citizens in moderating political marketing on Facebook.

  13. Corruption, Competition, and Contracts; A Model of Vote Buying

    OpenAIRE

    2006-01-01

    In the presence of competing interest groups, this paper examines how the form of votebuying contracts affects policy outcomes. We study contracts contingent upon individual votes, policy outcomes, and/or vote shares. Voters either care about their individual votes, or about the policy outcome. We find that vote buying is cheaper when what can be contracted upon coincides with what voters care about. Vote buying becomes extremely costly, or even impossible, when there is no such coincidence. ...

  14. Allegheny County Voting District Boundaries (2015)

    Data.gov (United States)

    Allegheny County / City of Pittsburgh / Western PA Regional Data Center — This dataset demarcates municipal voting districts in Allegheny County. If viewing this description on the Western Pennsylvania Regional Data Center’s open data...

  15. Blind Signatures in Electronic Voting Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kucharczyk, Marcin

    Electronic voting systems are created to facilitate the election, accelerate voting and counting votes and increase turnout for the election. The main problems of the electronic systems are related with the assurance of system security (cryptographic security and protection against frauds) and a guarantee that the voters are anonymous. The authorization of voters and the anonymity of them seem to be contradictory, but it is possible to create such a system where the both requirements are met. Some solutions, the most common e-voting systems, are presented in the paper. These models are adjusted to the demands and implemented in the polls system for quality of teaching evaluation where anonymity is very important. The blind signature protocol, model directed to user's anonymity, is a very good solution of the authorization and anonymity problem in the polls system with remote access only, as it was described in the paper.

  16. Allegheny County Voting District (2015) Web Map

    Data.gov (United States)

    Allegheny County / City of Pittsburgh / Western PA Regional Data Center — This webmap demarcates municipal voting districts in Allegheny County. If viewing this description on the Western Pennsylvania Regional Data Center’s open data...

  17. Inefficiency of voting in Parrondo games

    CERN Document Server

    Dinis, L

    2014-01-01

    We study a modification of the so-called Parrondo's paradox where a large number of individuals choose the game they want to play by voting. We show that it can be better for the players to vote randomly than to vote according to their own benefit in one turn. The former yields a winning tendency while the latter results in steady losses. An explanation of this behaviour is given by noting that selfish voting prevents the switching between games that is essential for the total capital to grow. Results for both finite and infinite number of players are presented. It is shown that the extension of the model to the history-dependent Parrondo's paradox also displays the same effect.

  18. Control Complexity in Bucklin and Fallback Voting

    CERN Document Server

    Erdélyi, Gábor; Piras, Lena; Rothe, Jörg

    2011-01-01

    Electoral control models ways of changing the outcome of an election via such actions as adding/deleting/partitioning either candidates or voters. These actions modify an election's participation structure and aim at either making a favorite candidate win ("constructive control") or prevent a despised candidate from winning ("destructive control"). To protect elections from such control attempts, computational complexity has been used to show that electoral control, though not impossible, is computationally prohibitive. We show that fallback voting, an election system proposed by Brams and Sanver to combine Bucklin with approval voting, is resistant to each of the common types of control except to destructive control by either adding or deleting voters. Thus fallback voting displays the broadest control resistance currently known to hold among natural election systems with a polynomial-time winner problem. We also study the control complexity of Bucklin voting itself and show that it behaves almost as good (p...

  19. Agenda Setting and Reciprocal Vote Trading

    OpenAIRE

    Urs Fischbacher; Simeon Schudy

    2010-01-01

    We study the implications of reciprocity on agenda setting in a sequential policy decision. We designed a laboratory experiment in which a committee decides sequentially on three independent bills. Selfish committee members would turn down all bills but reCiprocity allows for implicit vote trading. This mechanism gives power to agenda setters. We find that agenda setters use their power when setting the agenda but are rather generous in the voting decision. Legislators benefiting from the cho...

  20. Vote buying I: legislatures and lobbying

    OpenAIRE

    2006-01-01

    We examine the consequences of vote buying, assuming this practice were al-lowed and free of stigma. Two parties compete in a binary election and may purchase votes in a sequential bidding game via up-front binding payments and/or campaign promises (platforms) that are contingent upon the outcome of the elec-tion. We analyze the role of the parties.and voters.preferences in determining the winner and the payments to voters.

  1. Remote Electronic Voting with Revocable Anonymity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smart, Matt; Ritter, Eike

    We present a new remote, coercion-free electronic voting protocol which satisfies a number of properties previously considered contradictory. We introduce (and justify) the idea of revocable anonymity in electronic voting, on the grounds of it being a legal requirement in the United Kingdom, and show a method of proving the validity of a ballot to a verifier in zero knowledge, by extension of known two-candidate proofs.

  2. Malware Detection with Different Voting Schemes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ms. Jyoti Landage

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available A common way of launching the attack in computer system is Malware. It has malicious intent of performing any kind of malicious action to computer system as a result entire system crashes. It comes in different forms like virus, Trojan , Spyware, Scareware, Adware etc. Traditional malware detection techniques viz. signature-based, Heuristic-based and Specification-based detection technique are unable to detect some form of malware and each technique has its own advantages and disadvantages. A new methodology is proposed for malware detection that is based on data mining and machine learning techniques to detect known as well as unknown instances of malware. The new methodology uses disassemble process and three pre -processing techniques as part of feature extraction process to produce three different data sets with different configurations; feature selection technique is used to achieve consistent, reduced feature dataset. Three classification algorithms are used to gener ate and train the classifiers named as Ripper, C4.5 and IBk. The ensemble learning algorithm voting is used to improve the accuracy of result. Here majority voting and veto voting is used, the predicted output is decided on the basis of majority vo ting and veto voting. In veto voting the decision strategy of veto is improved by introducing the trust-based veto voting that definitely helps to improve the detection accuracy.

  3. Malware Detection with Different Voting Schemes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jyoti Landage

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available A common way of launching the attack in computer system is Malware. It has malicious intent of performing any kind of malicious action to computer system as a result entire system crashes. It comes in different forms like virus, Trojan , Spyware, Scareware, Adware etc. Traditional malware detection techniques viz. signature-based, Heuristic-based and Specification-based detection technique are unable to detect some form of malware and each technique has its own advantages and disadvantages. A new methodology is proposed for malware detection that is based on data mining and machine learning techniques to detect known as well as unknown instances of malware. The new methodology uses disassemble process and three pre -processing techniques as part of feature ext raction process to produce three different data sets with different configurations; feature selection technique is used to achieve consistent, reduced feature dataset. Three classification algorithms are used to gener ate and train the classifiers named as Ripper, C4.5 and IBk. The ensemble learning algorithm voting is used to improve the accuracy of result. Here majority voting and veto voting is used, the predicted output is decided on the basis of majority vo ting and veto voting. In veto voting the decision strategy of veto is improved by introducing the trust -based veto voting that definitely helps to improve the detection accuracy.

  4. The mathematics of elections and voting

    CERN Document Server

    Wallis, W D

    2014-01-01

    The Mathematics of Elections and Voting  takes an in-depth look at the mathematics in the context of voting and electoral systems, with focus on simple ballots, complex elections, fairness, approval voting, ties, fair and unfair voting, and manipulation techniques. The exposition opens with a sketch of the mathematics behind the various methods used in conducting elections. The reader is lead to a comprehensive picture of the theoretical background of mathematics and elections through an analysis of Condorcet’s Principle and Arrow’s Theorem of conditions in electoral fairness. Further detailed discussion of various related topics include: methods of manipulating the outcome of an election, amendments, and voting on small committees. In recent years, electoral theory has been introduced into lower-level mathematics courses, as a way to illustrate the role of mathematics in our everyday life.  Few books have studied voting and elections from a more formal mathematical viewpoint.  This text wi...

  5. Internet Voting for Expatriates: The Swiss Case

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Micha Germann

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available In 2008 the first Swiss canton introduced internet voting for expatriates, thus initiating the second phase in Switzerland’s piecemeal i-voting roll-out. More cantons soon followed, and as of this writing expatriates from 12 out of the 26 cantons can vote online. This paper focuses on the second phase involving expatriates. We address three questions at the core of the internet voting research agenda. First, the popularity question: to what extent do expatriates make use of the new online channel? Second, the ‘who’ question: what is the profile of the typical expatriate i-voter? Finally, the turnout question: did the extension of internet voting to the expatriates have an effect on electoral mobilization? Our findings indicate that the online channel is very popular among expatriates, both if compared to other trials in Switzerland itself and internationally. On the other hand, known patterns regarding the profile of i-voters and the effect on mobilization seem to be also replicated in the expatriate trials. Expatriate i-voters tend to be young, male, and there is some evidence of an upper-class bias. Thus, usage of the online channel seems driven by the digital divide also among expatriates. Moreover, we find some evidence that i-voting did not affect electoral mobilization, similarly to trials involving residents.

  6. Development of Reactor Coolant Pump for APR1400

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bang, Sang-Youn; Chu, Sung-Min; Chang, Jin-Young [Doosan Heavy Industries and Construction, Changwon (Korea, Republic of)

    2015-10-15

    The development was focused on the performance requirements for APR1400 and to achieve the goals of the safety, reliability and adaptability for APR1400 system design. In addition, APR1400 RCP design was customized considering convenience of installation, operation and maintainability. This paper describes the details of the development process, improved design feature and type test results. Based on development of core technology of RCP, DOOSAN supplies the localized and improved APR1400 RCP to Shin-Hanul 1 and 2 Project. This would be good experience that the RCP core technology can break foreign monopoly in supplying the domestic nuclear industry. Also, there expect APR1400 RCP can be sustainable revenue models in nuclear industry. Moreover, development of RCP will be a catalyst to enhance design capacity for equipment and system of nuclear power plant as well as evaluation and verification skills of Korean nuclear industry.

  7. Burned after reading: the so-called list of Alexandrian librarians in P. Oxy. X 1241 Brûlée après lecture : la liste dite des Bibliothécaires d'Alexandrie dans le P.Oxy. X 1241 Burned after reading; la cosiddetta lista di bibliotecari alessandrini in P.Oxy. X 1241

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jackie Murray

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Cet article remet en question la valeur et la fiabilité du contenu du P.Oxy. X 1241, la liste dite des Bibliothécaires d’Alexandrie. Plutôt que de traiter de la liste des grammairiens des colonnes i.5.-ii.30 pour elle-même, comme les savants l’ont fait depuis que le papyrus a été publié, cet article prend en considération le document dans son intégralité. Cette lecture plus attentive du P.Oxy. X 1241 démontre qu’il y a une évidente continuité thématique entre la liste des grammairiens et les catalogues militaires qui suivent, qui n’a jamais été observée précédemment parce que les deux parties du document ont été traitées séparement. Il en découle des questions concernant trois hypothèses essentielles émises par les éditeurs originaux, B. P. Grenfell et A. S. Hunt : (1 la liste des col. i.5-ii.30 est-elle en réalité une liste des Bibliothécaires en chef de la Bibliothèque d’Alexandrie ? (2 le document est-il une copie ou une compilation de quelque œuvre savante qui remonte à la période hellénistique, et non la production d’un savant/grammairien du deuxième siècle de notre ère environ ? (3 Est-ce que les contenus du papyrus reflètent l’œuvre d’un savant/grammairien compétent qui était suffisamment informé sur la chronologie de la période ptolémaïque pour donner un décompte historiquement exact de la succession d’individus liés à la cour des Ptolémées et à la Bibliothèque d’Alexandrie ? S’il est vrai que dans son contenu et son utilisation de citations savantes le P.Oxy. X 1241 partage de nombreux points communs avec les catalogues en prose des époques hellénistique et impériale, les stratégies du discours savant déployées par l’auteur dans le catalogue militaire ne sont pas conformes aux normes des exemples scientifiques fiables. En conséquence, la valeur du texte comme preuve documentaire de l’histoire de la Bibliothèque d’Alexandrie a besoin d

  8. Open your eyes and vote!

    CERN Multimedia

    Rebecca Leam

    The CERN film-making club is organizing the second edition of the CinéGlobe International Short Film Festival and everyone is invited to attend a series of selection screenings in November to vote on which they like and think should be publicly shown in the Globe and at the Forum Meyrin in February 2010.   This year over 700 short films were submitted for three competitions: the majority for the general fiction category for films up to ten minutes in length, and others for science fiction (20 minutes) and science documentary (30 minutes). “In 2007 we had just one competition open to films from any genre. We decided to add the science related competitions to the second edition to make a stronger link with CERN as a physics lab,” explained Quentin King, Chairman of the Selection Committee and member of CERN’s film-making club, Open Your Eyes Films. “The entries are extremely diverse and touch on almost every aspect of life. The creativity of short...

  9. Distance voting (e-voting: the ways of its applicability in Moldova

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ion Cosuleanu

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to analyse the e-voting systems implementation experience in Europe (and the world and the necessity and possibility to implement the effective Out of Country Voting (OCV for Moldova. This paper is aimed also to start a discussion on different aspects of information system "Elections" to be built in Moldova.

  10. The effect of Voting Advice Applications on political knowledge and vote choice

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kamoen, Naomi; Holleman, Bregje; Krouwel, Andre; Van de Pol, Jasper; De Vreese, Claes

    2015-01-01

    In many countries with multiparty systems, a decline in class voting has increased volatility and the need for comprehensive information about the political landscape among voters. Voting Advice Applications (VAAs) are online tools that match users to political parties and, as such, they hold a prom

  11. The effect of voting advice applications on political knowledge and vote choice

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kamoen, N.; Holleman, B.; Krouwel, A.; van de Pol, J.; de Vreese, C.

    2015-01-01

    In many countries with multiparty systems, a decline in class voting has increased volatility and the need for comprehensive information about the political landscape among voters. Voting Advice Applications (VAAs) are online tools that match users to political parties and, as such, they hold a prom

  12. "The Goddamndest, Toughest Voting Rights Bill": Critical Race Theory and the Voting Rights Act of 1965

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crowley, Ryan M.

    2013-01-01

    The author utilized Critical Race Theory (CRT) to examine the passage of the US Voting Rights Act (VRA) of 1965 in an effort to disrupt the simplistic, uncritical understandings of the US Civil Rights Movement common to school texts while also arguing for the ongoing importance of the VRA in a time when voting rights for people of color are under…

  13. Resurrecting Class : Class voting and cultural voting in postwar western societies (1956-1990)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    P.H.J. Achterberg (Peter); D. Houtman (Dick); J. van der Waal (Jeroen)

    2008-01-01

    textabstractBy means of a re-analysis of the most relevant data source - the international social mobility and politics file - this paper criticizes the newly grown consensus in political sociology that class voting has declined since World War II. An increase of crosscutting cultural voting, rooted

  14. « Être-noir » (Blackness : une pratique collective à Salvador de Bahia. Faire de la sociologie urbaine après le « cultural turn » “Blackness” as a Collective Practice in Salvador de Bahia - Urban Sociology after the Cultural Turn

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martina Löw

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Chacune des villes du Brésil portent en elles des contributions singulières à la production d’une identité nationale, bien qu’elles n’échappent pas aux influences homogénéisantes de la globalisation. Cette co-construction d’une identité partagée n’empêche toutefois pas que se structurent distinctement les actes et les sensations des habitants des métropoles concernées, générant des pratiques collectives – mais spécifiques – d’interprétation de la réalité. À Salvador de Bahia, l’« être-noir » et l’« être-aussi-noir » constituent deux opérateurs d’une identité partagée. Ce notamment en raison du rôle spécifiquement échu à la ville de Salvador dans le cadre du projet national, à savoir celui d’un lieu-témoin de la mixité des origines. Ainsi la ville est-elle le théâtre d’une triple mise en scène : celle des pratiques typiques de formations identitaires des individus ; celle de la revendication d’une culture alimentaire ; celle de la promotion d’un urbanisme particulier. Toutes trois ouvrent, à Salvador, un champ du possible autre que celui ayant cours dans les autres métropoles brésiliennes.Despite homogenizing influences of globalization, each Brazilian city contributes to the construction of a national identity in its own particular way. Addressing the issue through the example of Salvador de Bahia, the paper examines the city’s specific role in weaving the national fabric. It is argued that the contributions to the common national project are nevertheless locally grounded, thus structuring actions, behaviors and emotions of the urban residents in characteristic ways. Accordingly, every city generates collective, albeit distinct interpretations of reality which differ markedly from other cities. In Salvador de Bahia the common point of reference for social action and shared identity is ethnicity in the sense of “blackness”, i.e. being or feeling

  15. E-VOTING EXPERIENCE IN BANGLADESH BY USING ELECTRONIC VOTING MACHINES (EVMS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Mesbahuddin Sarker

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Electronic voting (e-Voting is using in many countries all over the world and has already proven to speed up the counting of votes as well as improve turnout among disabled voters. Bangladesh also has already introduced e-Voting by using Electronic Voting Machine (EVM in different city corporation and municipal elections and as a result, now election commission (EC of Bangladesh is planning to hold next general elections in the country due in 2014 with the help of EVMs. But the use of EVMs generated mixed reactions among the voters and the observers raised questions about the transparency of the process and integrity of the device. This paper presents some suggestions to be taken into account for any future election by using EVMs in order to minimize the public reactions.

  16. Le zona ophtalmique: une dermatose rare chez l'enfant

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zakia, Douhi; Meziane, Marieme; Salim, Gallouj; Zahra, Mernissi Fatima

    2015-01-01

    Le zona est dû a une réactivation du virus varicelle-zona (VZV) qui reste quiescent dans les ganglions sensitifs dorsaux après la varicelle. Le zona de l'enfant est rare et particulièrement la forme ophtalmique, qui peut être responsable de complications oculaires graves nécessitant une prise en charge adéquate et précoce. Il est parfois associé à des douleurs post-zostériennes dont le traitement est difficile. L'aciclovir per os administré dans les 72 heures après l’éruption a prouvé son efficacité dans la prévention des complications oculaires. Nous en rapportant un nouveaux cas chez un garçon immunocompétent de 9 ans, sans notion de varicelle antérieure. PMID:26955408

  17. Le zona ophtalmique: une dermatose rare chez l'enfant

    OpenAIRE

    Zakia, Douhi; Meziane, Marieme; Salim, Gallouj; Zahra, Mernissi Fatima

    2015-01-01

    Le zona est dû a une réactivation du virus varicelle-zona (VZV) qui reste quiescent dans les ganglions sensitifs dorsaux après la varicelle. Le zona de l'enfant est rare et particulièrement la forme ophtalmique, qui peut être responsable de complications oculaires graves nécessitant une prise en charge adéquate et précoce. Il est parfois associé à des douleurs post-zostériennes dont le traitement est difficile. L'aciclovir per os administré dans les 72 heures après l’éruption a prouvé son eff...

  18. Fukushima, un an après

    OpenAIRE

    Bouissou, Jean-Marie; Mellet, Xavier; Yoshida, Toru; Delamotte, Guibourg; Gaulène, Mathieu

    2012-01-01

    Kizuna : « le lien ». La relation entre les gens. C'est l'idéogramme que les Japonais ont choisi, comme ils le font à la fin de chaque année, pour caractériser 2011. Pas « séisme », ni « tsunami », ni « radiations », mais un mot qui évoque la chaleur d'être ensemble dans l'épreuve. Les marques de luxe constatent que l'on n'a jamais vendu autant de bagues et d'alliances dans l'archipel. Mais qu'y a-t-il derrière ce choix. Est-ce espérance ou nostalgie ? Les Japonais ont-ils choisi kizuna pour ...

  19. Le funambule et le parergon

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xavier Jeudon

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Loin de la fascination qu’exerce la chute, promesse de renouveau pour Baudelaire et de plaisir pour Adorno, le funambule fait quotidiennement l’expérience d’une prise et d’une maîtrise du risque. Faisant du risque un spectacle, le funambule évolue sur un fil, nous renvoyant aux premières sensations de la marche, mal assurée, hésitante et tellement audacieuse. Le funambule travaillant au quotidien son équilibre se doit donc de prendre des risques, mais aussi de donner l’illusion d’une première fois : simuler le danger là où il est pourtant. C’est en jouant sur le moment de la rupture, de la chute que le funambule capte l’attention. Il donne un corps à cette question de la limite et semble nous proposer une adaptation douce au risque, là où le dompteur parait s’y opposer plus frontalement.

  20. Lele de la confiance dans le système de gouvernance des entreprises

    OpenAIRE

    Gérard Charreaux

    1998-01-01

    La confiance est censée jouer un rôle important pour expliquer les écarts de performance entre les différents systèmes économiques nationaux. Cet article vise à analyser ce rôle en s'appuyant sur la théorie de la gouvernance des entreprises. Après avoir proposé une définition de la confiance comme mécanisme de gouvernance, précisé les caractéristiques ce dernier et analysé son impact sur la latitude managériale, nous avons exploré le lien existant entre la confiance et la création de valeur p...

  1. Voting with Limited Information and Many Alternatives

    CERN Document Server

    Chierichetti, Flavio

    2011-01-01

    The traditional axiomatic approach to voting is motivated by the problem of reconciling differences in subjective preferences. In contrast, a dominant line of work in the theory of voting over the past 15 years has considered a different kind of scenario, also fundamental to voting, in which there is a genuinely "best" outcome that voters would agree on if they only had enough information. This type of scenario has its roots in the classical Condorcet Jury Theorem; it includes cases such as jurors in a criminal trial who all want to reach the correct verdict but disagree in their inferences from the available evidence, or a corporate board of directors who all want to improve the company's revenue, but who have different information that favors different options. This style of voting leads to a natural set of questions: each voter has a {\\em private signal} that provides probabilistic information about which option is best, and a central question is whether a simple plurality voting system, which tabulates vo...

  2. Sex, race, gender, and the presidential vote

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Susan B. Hansen

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Racial resentment has been shown to have a significant impact on voting by whites in recent presidential elections, and a much larger impact than the traditional gender-gap measure based on the male-female dichotomy. This analysis will use data from the American National Election Studies [ANES] to compare broader indicators of race and gender applicable to the Democratic and Republican parties as well as to respondents’ opinions of appropriate roles for women. Since the 1980s the parties have diverged considerably on abortion and women’s issues, and voters now view the Democrats as more supportive than Republicans of equality for women and reproductive rights. Perceptions of party differences on women’s issues strongly influenced vote choice, 1988–2008, and in 2008 had greater impact on whites’ votes than opinions on aid to blacks, abortion, gay marriage, or the economy. Although racial resentment was a strong predictor of the white vote in 2012 as in previous years, presidential voting was also significantly influenced by respondent sex as well as opinions on gender roles. Voters regarded the Democratic Party as “better for the interests of women,” and this proved to be a highly effective wedge issue for the Democrats in 2012.

  3. Revealing the Anatomy of Vote Trading

    CERN Document Server

    Guerrero, Omar A

    2016-01-01

    Cooperation in the form of vote trading, also known as logrolling, is central for law-making processes, shaping the development of democratic societies. Empirical evidence of logrolling is scarce and limited to highly specific situations because existing methods are not easily applicable to broader contexts. We have developed a general and scalable methodology for revealing a network of vote traders, allowing us to measure logrolling on a large scale. Analysis on more than 9 million votes spanning 40 years in the U.S. Congress reveals a higher logrolling prevalence in the Senate and an overall decreasing trend over recent congresses, coincidental with high levels of political polarization. Our method is applicable in multiple contexts, shedding light on many aspects of logrolling and opening new doors in the study of hidden cooperation.

  4. An Application of time stamped proxy blind signature in e-voting

    OpenAIRE

    Suryakanta Panda; Santosh Kumar Sahu; Jagannath Mohapatra; Ramesh Kumar Mohapatra

    2013-01-01

    Voting is a way for a voter to make a decision or express an opinion or to choose a candidate. E-voting (Electronic Voting) refers to both the electronic means of casting a vote and the electronic means of counting and publishing that votes. The E - voting system has some specific advantages as compared to the traditional voting system. In this paper, a secure and efficient e-voting protocol is proposed which is based on the time stamped proxy blind signature.

  5. From a toy model to a complete weighted voting system

    CERN Document Server

    Slomczynski, W; Slomczynski, Wojciech; Zyczkowski, Karol

    2007-01-01

    We investigate systems of indirect voting based on the law of Penrose, in which each representative in the voting body receives the number of votes (voting weight) proportional to the square root of the population he or she represents. For a generic population distribution the quota required for the qualified majority can be set in such a way that the voting power of any state is proportional to its weight. For a specific distribution of population the optimal quota has to be computed numerically. We analyse a toy voting model for which the optimal quota can be estimated analytically as a function of the number of members of the voting body. This result, combined with the normal approximation technique, allows us to design a simple, efficient, and flexible voting system which can be easily adopted for varying weights and number of players.

  6. The Unconsidered Ballot: How Design Effects Voting Behavior.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roth, Susan King

    1994-01-01

    Discusses a preliminary study of the effect of ballot interface design on voting behavior. Finds significant problems related to human factors and the organization of information on the ballot on mechanical and electronic voting machines. (RS)

  7. 15 CFR 781.3 - Scope of the APR.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Government locations (see definition in § 781.1 of the APR): (i) Department of Energy locations; (ii) Department of Defense locations; (iii) Central Intelligence Agency locations; and (iv) Department of...

  8. Measuring Voting Power in Convex Policy Spaces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sascha Kurz

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Classical power index analysis considers the individual’s ability to influence the aggregated group decision by changing its own vote, where all decisions and votes are assumed to be binary. In many practical applications we have more options than either “yes” or “no”. Here we generalize three important power indices to continuous convex policy spaces. This allows the analysis of a collection of economic problems like, e.g., tax rates or spending that otherwise would not be covered in binary models.

  9. Simple and Secure Electronic Voting with Pret a Voter

    OpenAIRE

    Anonymous, Unspecified

    2008-01-01

    Pr^et a Voter is an electronic voting system with very high security properties. We aim to make the system truly usable and applicable in elections with many races and candidates by allowing the vote to be formed using a voting machine and printing a minimalistic receipt. We also introduce the procedure/technology mix concept to describe the use of procedures, peo- ple and technology to secure electronic voting systems.

  10. Electronic Voting: the Devil is in the Details

    CERN Document Server

    Enguehard, Chantal

    2008-01-01

    Observing electronic voting from an international point of view gives some perspective about its genesis and evolution. An analysis of the voting process through its cultural, ontological, legal and political dimensions explains the difficulty to normalize this process. It appears that international organizations are not capable to properly defend the fundamental rights of the citizens. The approach that was taken when DRE voting computers appeared seems to have reoccured with VVAT voting computers and the european e-poll project.

  11. Verifiability of electronic voting: between confidence and trust

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pieters, Wolter; Gutwirth, Serge; Poullet, Yves; De Hert, Paul

    2010-01-01

    When computing scientists speak about electronic voting, it is often in terms of trust. But there are two contradictory statements. First, they argue that it should not be necessary to trust e-voting systems, which would be the case if they are provably secure. Second, for an e-voting system to be s

  12. Security analysis of electronic voting and online banking systems

    OpenAIRE

    2007-01-01

    The main focus of this dissertation is on security analysis of electronic voting and online banking systems. Six papers form the basis of the thesis and include the following topics: a model for analysis of voting systems, a case study where we apply the proposed model, a new scheme for remote electronic voting, and three case studies of commercial online banking solutions in Norway.

  13. Martin Luther King, 40 ans après sa disparition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hélène Harter

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Le 4 avril 1968 Martin Luther King est assassiné à Memphis. Moins de cinq ans après la mort du président Kennedy, les Etats-Unis sont à nouveau touchés par la violence politique. Cet article retrace le parcours qui a conduit le révérend King jusqu’à Memphis en cette année politiquement et socialement agitée. Comment sa mort est-elle vécue aux États-Unis ? Quelle mémoire conserve-t-on de lui aujourd’hui ?On April 4, 1968 Martin Luther King was assassinated in Memphis. Less than five years after the death of President Kennedy, the United States were affected again by political violence. This article explains why Rev. King went to Memphis during this politically and socially troubled year. How his death has been perceived in the United States? Does his legacy still live on forty years after his death?

  14. Le Japon

    OpenAIRE

    Aveline, Natacha

    2004-01-01

    Ouvrage général de géographie et d'économie du Japon comportant de nombreuses illlustrations, une bibliographie commentée et des sujets pour les examens de géographie.; Cet ouvrage examine l'organisation spatiale du modèle de croissance japonais à toutes ses étapes, de ses origines (de l'époque Meiji à la fin du XIXe siècle) à la crise de Heisei (de 1991 à nos jours). Il fait état de la diversité des défis auxquels est confronté l'archipel dans le nouveau contexte mondialisé. Le regard se por...

  15. Le bulletin nul : une forme de résistance à la normalisation de la vie politique (Paris, 1851-1870

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vincent Huet

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Les Parisiens qui ont délibérément choisi de ne pas répondre par oui ou par non aux questions posées par les plébiscites organisés en 1851, 1852, 1870, même s’ils sont proportionnellement peu nombreux, marquent par ce geste leur refus de se faire interroger par un pouvoir qu’ils jugent illégitime. Plutôt que de s’abstenir, ils n’exécutent pas leur devoir civique dans les normes édictées par le régime, et se saisissent d’un espace de liberté de parole pour entrer en résistance contre lui. Ils refusent ainsi de se laisser emprisonner dans un champ politique légal, imposé, qui est celui du suffrage universel masculin restauré dans son intégralité par Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte après son coup d’Etat, et dénoncent par ce biais la volonté du pouvoir comme de ses opposants légalistes de normaliser la vie politique et de cantonner les citoyens dans un seul type d’action politique, le vote, au détriment d’un foisonnement de pratiques auparavant expérimentées.Parisians who deliberately chose not to answer yes nor no to questions asked in the plebiscites held in 1851, 1852 and 1870 – even though there were relatively few of them to do so – used that gesture to express their refusal to be asked anything by a power that they deemed illegitimate. Instead of abstaining from voting, they refused to accomplish their duty according to the norm decreed by the regime, and took advantage of the freedom of speech provided by the vote to oppose that power. In doing so, they subverted the legal political order that had been forced upon them – that of the universal vote for men, which was wholly reinforced by Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte after his coup. With that act, they indicted the will of both the power and its legalist opponents to normalise political life and to limit the political action of citizens to the sole vote, at the expense of a whole range of already well-experimented practices.Los Parisinos que

  16. Le rêve d'une fille

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁凤

    2011-01-01

    Un jour,après un cours de géographie dans un collège,une petite fille de 13 ans a transformé son argent de poche en une carte du monde dans une librairie.Elle l'a collée sur le mur devant le lit dans sa chambre.Ce monde sur papier entrait dans ses yeux dès qu'elle les ouvrait chaque matin.Elle marquait d'une étoile le pays sur cette carte du monde chaque fois qu'elle l'avait visité.Le rêve de faire un voyage dans le monde entier lui est venu à l'esprit,et est ainsi devenu une force tout au long de son parcours.

  17. Electoral system, pesonal votes, and party choice

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thomsen, Søren Risbjerg

    Using local elections in Denmark as an example this paper shows that individual party choice is influenced both by individual level, municipality level, and national level characteristics. Some hypotheses about the effects of the electoral system on personal votes derived from a theory by Carey...

  18. Business Travellers Vote DRAGONAIR "Best China Airline"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    @@ (BEIJING) Dragonair was announced as winner of the Best China Airline category in the Business Traveller Asia-Pacific 2005 Annual Travel Awards today. The magazine asked subscribers who were frequent travellers to vote for an airline based on 17 criteria,including cabin staff, comfort, route network and scheduling.

  19. 7 CFR 1205.203 - Voting eligibility.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... husband or a wife is eligible to vote if he or she shares with his or her spouse in the proceeds of the... rent or share tenant. Thus, if a husband and wife are tenants or sharecropper on a farm, jointly... rental or sharecropping agreement is written, signed by both parties, or oral, provided both husband...

  20. SECURED ELECTRONIC VOTING PROTOCOL USING HYBRID CRYPTOSYSTEM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    KALAICHELVI V

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Electronic Voting play a really vital role in the democracy of our life. In this paper, we propose an electronic voting protocol. Our scheme does not require a special voting channel and communication can occur entirely over the current Internet. This method integrates the Internet convenience and cryptology. In the existing protocol the Tallier has to wait until the decryption key is received from the voter. So it will consume lot of time. But, the proposed protocol is based on the hybrid cryptosystem. In this, the ballot is encrypted using faster secret key algorithm and the digital envelope is encrypted using Tallier’s public key. So, the Tallier will decrypt the digital envelope using his own private key to get the secret key and then the encrypted ballot is decrypted using that secret key. So, comparatively the proposed protocol consumes less time. This paper also analyzes the various security issues involved in an electronic voting like security, privacy, authentication, anonymous, uniqueness, accuracy, fairness, efficiency and uncoercibility.

  1. 7 CFR 1210.403 - Voting procedures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... from each State to caucus separately for the purpose of electing a State spokesperson for each group. Election of each State spokesperson shall be by simple majority of all individual voters in attendance. In lieu of written ballots, a State spokesperson may be elected by voice vote or a show of hands. The...

  2. Copeland Voting Fully Resists Constructive Control

    CERN Document Server

    Faliszewski, Piotr; Hemaspaandra, Lane A; Rothe, Jörg

    2007-01-01

    Control and bribery are settings in which an external agent seeks to influence the outcome of an election. Faliszewski et al. [FHHR07] proved that Llull voting (which is here denoted by Copeland^1) and a variant (here denoted by Copeland^0) of Copeland voting are computationally resistant to many, yet not all, types of constructive control and that they also provide broad resistance to bribery. We study a parameterized version of Copeland voting, denoted by Copeland^alpha where the parameter alpha is a rational number between 0 and 1 that specifies how ties are valued in the pairwise comparisons of candidates in Copeland elections. We establish resistance or vulnerability results, in every previously studied control scenario, for Copeland^alpha, for each rational alpha, 0 voting,'' provides full resistance to constructive control. Among the systems with a polynomial-time winner problem, this is the first...

  3. Business Travellers Vote DRAGONAIR "Best China Airline"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

      (BEIJING) Dragonair was announced as winner of the Best China Airline category in the Business Traveller Asia-Pacific 2005 Annual Travel Awards today. The magazine asked subscribers who were frequent travellers to vote for an airline based on 17 criteria,including cabin staff, comfort, route network and scheduling.……

  4. Legal requirements governing proxy voting in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Werlauff, Erik

    2008-01-01

    The requirements in Danish company law concerning proxy voting in companies whose shares have been accepted for listing on a regulated market have been successively tightened in recent years, and corporate governance principles have also led to the introduction of several requirements concerning...

  5. Structural and ideological voting in age cohorts

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Brug, W.

    2010-01-01

    In most West European countries the effects of long-term determinants of the vote − in particular social class, religion and left-right ideology − have slowly weakened since the late 1980s. This paper first describes differences between the EU member states in the extent of structural and ideologica

  6. Personality and Attitude Determinants of Voting Behavior

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brigham, John C.; Severy, Lawrence J.

    1976-01-01

    Measures of racial attitude, conceptual style, commitment to candidate and electoral process, social-political evaluation, and voting intentions, were administered to white college students (N=320) before the 1972 Presidential election. Prediction of behavioral intentions becomes more powerful as attitudinal measures are made more directly…

  7. Le Tissu et le texte

    OpenAIRE

    Jean-Marie Lassus

    2010-01-01

    Le premier chapitre de La tumba del relámpago (1978) de l’écrivain péruvien Manuel Scorza synthétise une grande partie de la problématique de La guerra silenciosa, sa fresque de cinq romans racontant la lutte interminable des comuneros des Andes Centrales dans leur quête de justice et de reconnaissance, à partir de faits réels survenus dans le Pérou de la fin des années cinquante. Dans ce chapitre, la lecture du tissu de Doña Añada par Remigio Villena amène ce dernier à interpréter le dilemme...

  8. Le Sanskrit

    CERN Document Server

    Balbir, Nalini

    2013-01-01

    Cet ouvrage est destiné à tous ceux qui souhaitent se mettre ou se remettre à l'étude du sanskrit et ne peuvent y consacrer que quelques minutes par jour. En suivant le principe de la méthode quotidienne Assimil, vous acquerrez progressivement le vocabulaire et la grammaire de base qui sont nécessaires à la lecture des textes de la littérature sanskrite classique. Vous trouverez dans cette méthode une approche vivante de la langue et de la culture sanskrite classique à travers des textes d'abord adaptés pour le débutant puis authentiques. En quelques mois, vous manierez la langue sans efforts ni hésitation, de manière très naturelle. Les enregistrements reprennent l'intégralité des textes en sanskrit des leçons et des exercices de traduction du livre. Ils sont interprétés, à un rythme progressif, par des locuteurs natifs professionnels.

  9. AN E-VOTING SYSTEM FOR LEBANESE ELECTIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Hajjar

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to present an electronic voting system (E-Voting, hopefully, to be applied to the Lebanese electoral system. This E-Voting system (E-VS was designed for electorates through computers programmed with convivial Graphical User Interfaces. The complex treatments and features are achieved at the levels of applicative layer and database. Several security measures were integrated into the E-VS in order to achieve an enhanced, speedy and accurate performance. It is about time that conventional voting in Lebanon gives way to E-Voting and hence simplifies the task for Electorates, Deputy Returning Officer and Returning Officer.

  10. Ensemble-based Malware Detection with Different Voting Schemes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ms. Jyoti H. Landage

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Now a day’s computer security is the field which attempts to keep information on the computer safe and secure. Security means permitting things you do want, while preventing things you don’t want from happening. Malware represents a serious threat to security of computer system. Traditional anti-malware products use the signature-based, heuristic-based detection techniques to detect the malware. These techniques detect the known malware accurately but can’t detect the new, unknown malware. This paper presents a malware detection system based on the data mining and machine learning technique. The proposed method consists of disassemble process, feature extraction process and feature selection process. Three classification algorithms are employed on dataset to generate and train the classifiers named as Ripper, C4.5, IBk. The ensemble method Voting is used to improve the accuracy of results. Here majority voting and veto voting are implemented; the expected output is decided on the basis of majority and veto voting. The decision strategy of veto is improved by introducing the trust-based veto voting. The results of majority voting, veto voting and trust-based veto voting are compared. The experimental results show that the trust-based veto voting can accurately detect known and unknown malware instances better than majority voting and can identify the benign files better than veto voting.

  11. ENSEMBLE-BASED MALWARE DETECTION WITH DIFFERENT VOTING SCHEMES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jyoti H. Landage

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Now a day’s computer security is the field which attempts to keep information on the computer safe and secure. Security means permitting things you do want, while preventing things you don't want from happening. Malware represents a serious threat to security of computer system. Traditional anti-malware products use the signature-based, heuristic-based detection techniques to detect the malware. These techniques detect the known malware accurately but can't detect the new, unknown malware. This paper presents a malware detection system based on the data mining and machine learning technique. The proposed method consists of disassemble process, feature extraction process and feature selection process. Three classification algorithms are employed on dataset to generate and train the classifiers named as Ripper, C4.5, IBk. The ensemble method Voting is used to improve the accuracy of results. Here majority voting and veto voting are implemented; the expected output is decided on the basis of majority and veto voting. The decision strategy of veto is improved by introducing the trust-based veto voting. The results of majority voting, veto voting and trust-based veto voting are compared. The experimental results show that the trust-based veto voting can accurately detect known and unknown malware instances better than majority voting and can identify the benign files better than veto voting.

  12. Implementation of Electronic Voting Machine with Multiple Preferences and Priority

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ramya G. P.

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Traditional paper based voting procedure was very long and time-consuming process and very much prone to errors. Polling by Electronic Voting Machine (EVM is a simple, safe and secure method that takes minimum of time. Current Electronic Voting Machine (EVMs used in LOK SABHA and ASSEMBLY elections accepts only one vote from each voter. But in elections such as GRAMA PANCHAYATH and COOPERATIVE SOCIETIES, where each voter casts their votes to more than one candidate, available voting machines will not work. The paper presents a PROGRAMMABLE ELECTRONIC VOTING MACHINE that accepts one or more votes depending on requirement. Mode control is included in EVM, through which it is possible to set the EVM to accept more than one vote from each voter depending on the type of elections. The main advantage of this type of EVM is to avoid the invalid votes especially in co-operative society elections where each voter has to cast vote for nine candidates.

  13. An Anonymous Voting Scheme based on Confirmation Numbers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alam, Kazi Md. Rokibul; Tamura, Shinsuke; Taniguchi, Shuji; Yanase, Tatsuro

    This paper proposes a new electronic voting (e-voting) scheme that fulfills all the security requirements of e-voting i.e. privacy, accuracy, universal verifiability, fairness, receipt-freeness, incoercibility, dispute-freeness, robustness, practicality and scalability; usually some of which are found to be traded. When compared with other existing schemes, this scheme requires much more simple computations and weaker assumptions about trustworthiness of individual election authorities. The key mechanism is the one that uses confirmation numbers involved in individual votes to make votes verifiable while disabling all entities including voters themselves to know the linkages between voters and their votes. Many existing e-voting schemes extensively deploy zero-knowledge proof (ZKP) to achieve verifiability. However, ZKP is expensive and complicated. The confirmation numbers attain the verifiability requirement in a much more simple and intuitive way, then the scheme becomes scalable and practical.

  14. Achieving Learning Objectives through E-Voting Case Studies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bishop, Matt; Frincke, Deb

    2007-01-01

    The recent explosion in the use of electronic voting machines provides a wonderful opportunity to teach students about computer security. Because voting is the cornerstone of any democracy or republic, the need for secure voting systems is obvious. Further, students are familiar with how to vote. But the complexity of mapping a traditional process of voting using secret ballots to an electronic environment shows the difficulties of implementing secure processes and systems. In this article, we show a high level mapping from selected security and privacy education outcomes into a target ‘case study’ of developing electronic voting machines intended for traditional secret ballot elections. Our intent is to motivate both a set of lessons specifically involving e-voting, as well as illustrating the usefulness of having a mapping from outcomes to simplified case studies.

  15. Assessing Voters' Attitudes towards Electronic Voting in Latin America: Evidence from Colombia's 2007 E-Voting Pilot

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alvarez, R. Michael; Katz, Gabriel; Llamosa, Ricardo; Martinez, Hugo E.

    Electronic voting could increase citizens’ electoral participation and trust in countries characterized by fragile democratic institutions and public discredit of the political system such as those in Latin America. This paper examines attitudes towards e-voting among participants in a large scale pilot project conducted in Colombia in 2007, focusing on the perceived reliability and usability of different automated voting technologies. Using a multivariate probit model, we determine the effect of socio-demographic, geographic and technical factors on users’ evaluations of electronic voting vis a vis the traditional paper ballot system. Our results show that users find e-voting not only easier than the current voting system, but also substantially more reliable. While voters’ opinions on usability are driven by technical issues, their trust in the new technologies is strongly affected by individual characteristics. We conclude that e-voting entails a promising opportunity to empower voters and increase confidence in elections in Colombia.

  16. Anesthésie et rôle propre infirmier: intérêts et enjeux du dialogue péri-opératoire dans le cadre de la relation de soins

    OpenAIRE

    Hatet, Olivier; Moillen, Christian; Zulauf, Bernard

    2012-01-01

    Le but est d'analyser la pertinence du modèle organisationnel baptisé dialogue péri-opératoire et sa propension à valoriser lele propre infirmier dans un contexte d’anesthésiologie. Contexte : nous souhaitions à l’origine centrer nos recherches sur la question du rôle propre infirmier à l’accueil du bloc opératoire. Pourtant, après avoir parcouru une partie de la littérature scientifique y relative, nous avons découvert un outil innovant en termes de prise en charge de patients contraints ...

  17. Carcinoïde primitif du rein métastasant après 12 ans

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bacha, Dhouha; Lahmar, Ahlem; Gharbi, Lassad; Slama, Sana Ben; Bouraoui, Saadia; Chatti, Samia; Regaya, Sabeh Mzabi

    2016-01-01

    Les carcinoïdes primitifs du rein sont rares avec une centaine de cas rapportés dans la littérature. Sur le plan histologique, il s'agit d'une tumeur bien différenciée dont la morphologie rejoint souvent celle des carcinoïdes dans les autres localisations. Nous rapportons un cas de carcinoïde primitif du rein survenant chez un homme de 41 ans, découvert à la suite de métastases hépatiques. La tumeur était particulière par son architecture tubulo-papillaire, suggérant à tort le diagnostic de carcinome papillaire du rein. Ce diagnostic a été redressé 12 ans après, à la suite de l'apparition d'autres métastases hépatiques, osseuses et pulmonaires. PMID:27217899

  18. Structuralisme et néoréalisme dans le champ des relations internationales. Le cas de Kenneth Waltz

    OpenAIRE

    Cartonnet, Alexis

    2011-01-01

    Cet article esquisse un rapprochement entre un courant de pensée politique, le néoréalisme, et une méthode en sciences humaines, le structuralisme. Ce courant et cette méthode ont suivi des trajectoires séparées, de l’après-guerre à la fin des années soixante-dix, jusqu’à ce que Kenneth Waltz croise ces deux problématiques. Après avoir défini respectivement réalisme et structuralisme, cet article établit leur connexion et tente d’éclairer les raisons pour lesquelles ce rapprochement n’avait p...

  19. Urdu Text Classification using Majority Voting

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Usman

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Text classification is a tool to assign the predefined categories to the text documents using supervised machine learning algorithms. It has various practical applications like spam detection, sentiment detection, and detection of a natural language. Based on the idea we applied five well-known classification techniques on Urdu language corpus and assigned a class to the documents using majority voting. The corpus contains 21769 news documents of seven categories (Business, Entertainment, Culture, Health, Sports, and Weird. The algorithms were not able to work directly on the data, so we applied the preprocessing techniques like tokenization, stop words removal and a rule-based stemmer. After preprocessing 93400 features are extracted from the data to apply machine learning algorithms. Furthermore, we achieved up to 94% precision and recall using majority voting.

  20. Voting Intention and Choices: Are Voters Always Rational and Deliberative?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, I-Ching; Chen, Eva E; Tsai, Chia-Hung; Yen, Nai-Shing; Chen, Arbee L P; Lin, Wei-Chieh

    2016-01-01

    Human rationality--the ability to behave in order to maximize the achievement of their presumed goals (i.e., their optimal choices)--is the foundation for democracy. Research evidence has suggested that voters may not make decisions after exhaustively processing relevant information; instead, our decision-making capacity may be restricted by our own biases and the environment. In this paper, we investigate the extent to which humans in a democratic society can be rational when making decisions in a serious, complex situation-voting in a local political election. We believe examining human rationality in a political election is important, because a well-functioning democracy rests largely upon the rational choices of individual voters. Previous research has shown that explicit political attitudes predict voting intention and choices (i.e., actual votes) in democratic societies, indicating that people are able to reason comprehensively when making voting decisions. Other work, though, has demonstrated that the attitudes of which we may not be aware, such as our implicit (e.g., subconscious) preferences, can predict voting choices, which may question the well-functioning democracy. In this study, we systematically examined predictors on voting intention and choices in the 2014 mayoral election in Taipei, Taiwan. Results indicate that explicit political party preferences had the largest impact on voting intention and choices. Moreover, implicit political party preferences interacted with explicit political party preferences in accounting for voting intention, and in turn predicted voting choices. Ethnic identity and perceived voting intention of significant others were found to predict voting choices, but not voting intention. In sum, to the comfort of democracy, voters appeared to engage mainly explicit, controlled processes in making their decisions; but findings on ethnic identity and perceived voting intention of significant others may suggest otherwise.

  1. Voting Intention and Choices: Are Voters Always Rational and Deliberative?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I-Ching Lee

    Full Text Available Human rationality--the ability to behave in order to maximize the achievement of their presumed goals (i.e., their optimal choices--is the foundation for democracy. Research evidence has suggested that voters may not make decisions after exhaustively processing relevant information; instead, our decision-making capacity may be restricted by our own biases and the environment. In this paper, we investigate the extent to which humans in a democratic society can be rational when making decisions in a serious, complex situation-voting in a local political election. We believe examining human rationality in a political election is important, because a well-functioning democracy rests largely upon the rational choices of individual voters. Previous research has shown that explicit political attitudes predict voting intention and choices (i.e., actual votes in democratic societies, indicating that people are able to reason comprehensively when making voting decisions. Other work, though, has demonstrated that the attitudes of which we may not be aware, such as our implicit (e.g., subconscious preferences, can predict voting choices, which may question the well-functioning democracy. In this study, we systematically examined predictors on voting intention and choices in the 2014 mayoral election in Taipei, Taiwan. Results indicate that explicit political party preferences had the largest impact on voting intention and choices. Moreover, implicit political party preferences interacted with explicit political party preferences in accounting for voting intention, and in turn predicted voting choices. Ethnic identity and perceived voting intention of significant others were found to predict voting choices, but not voting intention. In sum, to the comfort of democracy, voters appeared to engage mainly explicit, controlled processes in making their decisions; but findings on ethnic identity and perceived voting intention of significant others may suggest

  2. Computing the nucleolus of weighted voting games

    CERN Document Server

    Elkind, Edith

    2008-01-01

    Weighted voting games (WVG) are coalitional games in which an agent's contribution to a coalition is given by his it weight, and a coalition wins if its total weight meets or exceeds a given quota. These games model decision-making in political bodies as well as collaboration and surplus division in multiagent domains. The computational complexity of various solution concepts for weighted voting games received a lot of attention in recent years. In particular, Elkind et al.(2007) studied the complexity of stability-related solution concepts in WVGs, namely, of the core, the least core, and the nucleolus. While they have completely characterized the algorithmic complexity of the core and the least core, for the nucleolus they have only provided an NP-hardness result. In this paper, we solve an open problem posed by Elkind et al. by showing that the nucleolus of WVGs, and, more generally, k-vector weighted voting games with fixed k, can be computed in pseudopolynomial time, i.e., there exists an algorithm that ...

  3. A Comparison of Three Voting Methods for Bagging with the MLEM2 Algorithm

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Clinton Cohagan; Jerzy W. Grzymala-Busse; Zdzislaw S. Hippe

    2010-03-17

    This paper presents results of experiments on some data sets using bagging on the MLEM2 rule induction algorithm. Three different methods of ensemble voting, based on support (a non-democratic voting in which ensembles vote with their strengths), strength only (an ensemble with the largest strength decides to which concept a case belongs) and democratic voting (each ensemble has at most one vote) were used. Our conclusions are that though in most cases democratic voting was the best, it is not significantly better than voting based on support. The strength voting was the worst voting method.

  4. From après-ski to après-tourism: the Alps in transition?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Philippe Bourdeau

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Winter sports occupy a prominent place in European tourism, not only because of their economic importance in mountainous areas but also due to their major symbolic significance in the "leisure civilisation". Yet the world of winter tourism is full of uncertainties connected with climate change and also with evolutions and structural breaks that call into question the development model on which it is based. This context of profound change gives us the opportunity to question the limits of the industrial model that has governed the development of the Alps for the practice of skiing and to examine alternative future scenarios to "all-out skiing" and even "all-out tourism".Les sports d’hiver occupent une place de premier plan dans le tourisme européen, non seulement du fait de leur poids économique dans les régions de montagne, mais aussi par leur forte dimension symbolique dans la « civilisation des loisirs ». Pourtant l’univers du tourisme hivernal est parcouru par de nombreuses incertitudes liées au changement climatique, mais aussi à des évolutions et des ruptures structurelles qui remettent en question le modèle de développement sur lequel il repose. Ce contexte de mutation permet d’interroger les limites du modèle industriel qui a présidé à l’aménagement des Alpes pour la pratique du ski et d’examiner des figures d’avenir alternatives au « tout ski » et même au « tout tourisme ».

  5. Après nous, le déluge / Toomas Hendrik Ilves

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilves, Toomas Hendrik, 1953-

    2006-01-01

    Euroopa Liidu põhiseadusliku leppe läbikukkumisest, vanade liikmesriikide suhtumisest uutesse, Venemaa lootusest Euroopa Liidu nõrgenemisele. Eesti peaks tihendama koostööd teiste uute liikmesriikidega oma ühishuvide kaitsel. Ilmunud ka: Sirp : Diplomaatia 8. juuli 2005 nr. 22/23, lk. 2-4

  6. Electronic Voting Using Identity Domain Separation and Hardware Security Modules

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rössler, Thomas

    E-voting increasingly gains interest in e-Democracy and e-Government movements. Not only the technical security issues of electronic voting systems are of paramount importance, but also the necessity of following an all-embracing approach is challenging and needs to be addressed. This paper discusses e-voting as being a supreme discipline of e-Government. It introduces an innovative e-voting concept using the Internet as the voting channel. The concept introduced is based on Austrian e-Government elements and the Austrian identity management concept in particular. As a result, this paper presents a novel approach of building an e-voting system relying on two core principles: strong end-to-end encryption and stringent identity domain separation.

  7. Poverty and vote buying: Survey-based evidence from Africa

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Peter Sandholt; Justesen, Mogens K.

    2014-01-01

    Alongside the spread of democracy in the developing world, vote buying has emerged as an integral part of election campaigns. Yet, we know little about the causes of vote buying in young democracies. In this paper, we analyse the sources of vote buying in sub-Saharan African. Using data from...... the Afrobarometer, we focus on the impact of poverty on vote buying at the individual- and country-level. Results from multilevel regressions show that poor voters are significantly more likely to be targets of vote buying than wealthier voters. This effect increases when elections are highly competitive. Thus......, micro-level poverty seems to be an important source of vote buying in Africa and has major implications for the way electoral democracy operates....

  8. Economic Policy Voting and Incumbency: Unemployment in Western Europe

    OpenAIRE

    Dassonneville, Ruth; Michael S. Lewis-Beck

    2013-01-01

    The economic voting literature has been dominated by the incumbency-oriented hypothesis, where voters reward or punish government at the ballot box according to economic performance. The alternative, policy-oriented hypothesis, where voters favor parties closest to their issue position, has been neglected in this literature. We explore policy voting with respect to an archetypal economic policy issue – unemployment. Voters who favor lower unemployment should tend to vote for left parties, sin...

  9. Plurality Voting: the statistical laws of democracy in Brazil

    CERN Document Server

    Araripe, L E; Herrmann, H J; Andrade, J S

    2006-01-01

    We explore the statistical laws behind the plurality voting system by investigating the election results for mayor held in Brazil in 2004. Our analysis indicate that the vote partition among mayor candidates of the same city tends to be "polarized" between two candidates, a phenomenon that can be closely described by means of a simple fragmentation model. Complex concepts like "government continuity" and "useful vote" can be identified and even statistically quantified through our approach.

  10. Quantum anonymous voting with unweighted continuous-variable graph states

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guo, Ying; Feng, Yanyan; Zeng, Guihua

    2016-08-01

    Motivated by the revealing topological structures of continuous-variable graph state (CVGS), we investigate the design of quantum voting scheme, which has serious advantages over the conventional ones in terms of efficiency and graphicness. Three phases are included, i.e., the preparing phase, the voting phase and the counting phase, together with three parties, i.e., the voters, the tallyman and the ballot agency. Two major voting operations are performed on the yielded CVGS in the voting process, namely the local rotation transformation and the displacement operation. The voting information is carried by the CVGS established before hand, whose persistent entanglement is deployed to keep the privacy of votes and the anonymity of legal voters. For practical applications, two CVGS-based quantum ballots, i.e., comparative ballot and anonymous survey, are specially designed, followed by the extended ballot schemes for the binary-valued and multi-valued ballots under some constraints for the voting design. Security is ensured by entanglement of the CVGS, the voting operations and the laws of quantum mechanics. The proposed schemes can be implemented using the standard off-the-shelf components when compared to discrete-variable quantum voting schemes attributing to the characteristics of the CV-based quantum cryptography.

  11. 2010 Uniformed and Overseas Citizens Absentee Voting Act Survey

    Data.gov (United States)

    Election Assistance Commission — This dataset contains data about military and overseas voting for the 2010 election cycle. The dataset and corresponding report address ballot transmissions to, and...

  12. 2008 Uniformed and Overseas Citizens Absentee Voting Act Survey

    Data.gov (United States)

    Election Assistance Commission — This dataset contains data about military and overseas voting for the 2008 election cycle. The dataset and corresponding report address ballot transmissions to, and...

  13. ANALYSIS OF ELECTRONIC VOTING SYSTEM IN VARIOUS COUNTRIES

    OpenAIRE

    Sanjay Kumar; Dr. Ekta Walia

    2011-01-01

    India is the world’s largest democracy with a population of more than 1 billion; India has an electorate of more than 668 million and covers 543 parliamentary constituencies. Voting is the bridge between the governed and government. The last few years have brought a renewed focus on to the technology used in the voting process. The current voting system has many security holes, and it is difficult to prove even simple security properties about them. A voting system that can be proven correct ...

  14. LEGAL REGULATION AND PRACTICE OF ELECTRONIC VOTING IN FOREIGN COUNTRIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Savchenko M. S.

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The article is devoted to the problems of legal regulation of electronic voting an e-democracy in foreign countries. The possibility of informationalcommunication technologies introduction into the voting process is studied. In the absence of a unified approach to the understanding of the legal nature of edemocratic processes, the authors give the special attention to the analysis of state policy in the sphere of the e-democracy improvement. There were considered the systems of electronic voting system which were used in elections in Estonia, Germany, Austria, UK, Switzerland and Finland. There were analyzed the practice of Internet-voting as a prototype of electronic democracy and problems of identification of voters, calculation of votes, ensuring of secrecy of the ballot. There were marked means the use of electronic voting as positive sides and considerable risks connected with the possibility of interference into the system of electors’ votes and complexity of securing of control of procedure of electronic voting. Authors make conclusions on possibility of the use of positive foreign experience of distant voting during the elections in Russia and on the necessity of working out of legal claims to informational space and given information to increase its quality and credibility

  15. On minimum sum representations for weighted voting games

    CERN Document Server

    Kurz, Sascha

    2011-01-01

    A proposal in a weighted voting game is accepted if the sum of the (non-negative) weights of the "yea" voters is at least as large as a given quota. Several authors have considered representations of weighted voting games with minimum sum, where the weights and the quota are restricted to be integers. Freixas and Molinero have classified all weighted voting games without a unique minimum sum representation for up to 8 voters. Here we exhaustively classify all weighted voting games consisting of 9 voters which do not admit a unique minimum sum integer weight representation.

  16. ANALYSIS OF ELECTRONIC VOTING SYSTEM IN VARIOUS COUNTRIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sanjay Kumar,

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available India is the world’s largest democracy with a population of more than 1 billion; India has an electorate of more than 668 million and covers 543 parliamentary constituencies. Voting is the bridge between the governed and government. The last few years have brought a renewed focus on to the technology used in the voting process. The current voting system has many security holes, and it is difficult to prove even simple security properties about them. A voting system that can be proven correct has many concerns. There are some reasons for a government to use electronic systems are to increase elections activities and to reduce the elections expenses. Still there is some scope of work in electronic voting system because there is no way of identification by the electronic voting system whether the user is authentic or not and securing electronic voting machine from miscreants. This paper provides an overview of the experiences of other countries using electronic voting machine. The comparative focus is on the adoption of electronic voting systems adopted at the international level.

  17. Stylized Facts in Brazilian Vote Distributions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Calvão, Angelo Mondaini; Crokidakis, Nuno; Anteneodo, Celia

    2015-01-01

    Elections, specially in countries such as Brazil, with an electorate of the order of 100 million people, yield large-scale data-sets embodying valuable information on the dynamics through which individuals influence each other and make choices. In this work we perform an extensive analysis of data sets available for Brazilian proportional elections of legislators and city councilors throughout the period 1970-2014, which embraces two distinct political regimes: a military regime followed by a democratic one. We perform a comparative analysis of elections for legislative positions, in different states and years, through the distribution p(v) of the number of candidates receiving v votes. We show the impact of the different political regimes on the vote distributions. Although p(v) has a common shape, with a scaling behavior, quantitative details change over time and from one electorate to another. In order to interpret the observed features, we propose a multi-species model consisting in a system of nonlinear differential equations, with values of the parameters that reflect the heterogeneity of candidates. In its simplest setting, the model can not explain the cutoff, formed by the most voted candidates, whose success is determined mainly by their peculiar, intrinsic characteristics, such as previous publicity. However, the modeling allows to interpret the scaling of p(v), yielding a predictor of the degree of feedback in the interactions of the electorate. Knowledge of the feedback is relevant beyond the context of elections, since a similar interactivity may occur for other social contagion processes in the same population.

  18. Your Light Switch Is Your Vote

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    McIlvenny, Paul

    primarily on citizen awareness, participation and solidarity in mitigating climate change. In its sister campaign (“Vote Earth”), the discourse of representative democracy was deployed to constitute an imaginary global electorate. The analysis focuses on (a) the intense drive to visualise and spectacularise...... (mediational means) the simple act of switching off the lights and the consequences of such an act; (b) the massive infrastructure of communication to synchronise the collective performance of a global ‘climate public’; (c) the discursive ‘memory work’ to archive and memorialise the hour, eg. on You...

  19. An Application of time stamped proxy blind signature in e-voting

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suryakanta Panda

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Voting is a way for a voter to make a decision or express an opinion or to choose a candidate. E-voting (Electronic Voting refers to both the electronic means of casting a vote and the electronic means of counting and publishing that votes. The E - voting system has some specific advantages as compared to the traditional voting system. In this paper, a secure and efficient e-voting protocol is proposed which is based on the time stamped proxy blind signature.

  20. Empirical study on voting power in participatory forest planning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vainikainen, N; Kangas, A; Kangas, J

    2008-07-01

    Multicriteria decision support systems are applied in natural resource management in order to clarify the planning process for the stakeholders, to make all available information usable and all objectives manageable. Especially when the public is involved in planning, the decision support system should be easy to comprehend, transparent and fair. Social choice theory has recently been applied to group decision-making in natural resources management to accomplish these objectives. Although voting forms the basis of democracy, and is usually taken as a fair method, the influence of voters over the outcome may vary. It is also possible to vote strategically to improve the results from each stakeholder's point of view. This study examines the use of social choice theory in revealing stakeholders' preferences in participatory forest planning, and the influence of different voters on the outcome. The positional voting rules examined were approval voting and Borda count, but both rules were slightly modified for the purposes of this study. The third rule examined, cumulative rule, resembles utilitarian voting rules. The voting rules were tested in a real participatory forest planning situation in eastern Lapland, Finland. All voting rules resulted in a different joint order of importance of the criteria. Yet, the preference orders produced had also a lot in common and the criteria could be divided into three quite distinct groups according to their importance. The influence of individual voters varied between the voting rules, and in each case different voter was the most influential.

  1. 7 CFR 1230.631 - Challenge of votes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE PORK PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND...) Challenge period. During the dates of the 3-consecutive day voting period and the 7 business days following... later than 12 business days after the date of the last day of the in-person voting period. FSA...

  2. Face Recognition as an Authentication Technique in Electronic Voting

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Noha E. El-Sayad

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available In this research a Face Detection and Recognition system (FDR used as an Authentication technique in online voting, which one of electronic is voting types, is proposed. Web based voting allows the voter to vote from any place in state or out of state. The voter’s image is captured and passed to a face detection algorithm (Eigenface or Gabor filter which is used to detect his face from the image and save it as the first matching point. The voter’s National identification card number is used to retrieve and return his saved photo from the database of the Supreme Council elections (SCE which is passed to the same detection algorithm (Eigenface or Gabor filter to detect face from it and save it as second matching point. The two matching points are used by a matching algorithm to check wither they are identical or not. If the results of the matching algorithm are two point match then checks wither this person has the right to vote or not. If he has right to vote then a voting form is presented to him. The result shows that the proposed algorithm capable of finding over 90% of the faces in database and allows their voter to vote in approximately 58 seconds.

  3. Internet voting: a monstrous alliance between democracy and technology?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pieters, W.; Sudweeks, F.; Hrachovec, H.; Ess, C.

    2006-01-01

    In this paper, we aim at finding a cultural explanation of the controversy around the introduction of electronic voting, especially Internet voting. In her PhD thesis, Martijntje Smits (2002b) argues that controversies surrounding the introduction of new technologies can often be explained in terms

  4. 25 CFR 217.6 - Method of casting votes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... the status quo. At the time they notify the superintendent of the votes cast on an issue, each joint... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Method of casting votes. 217.6 Section 217.6 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR ENERGY AND MINERALS MANAGEMENT OF TRIBAL ASSETS...

  5. Square root voting system, optimal threshold and \\pi

    CERN Document Server

    Zyczkowski, Karol

    2011-01-01

    The problem of designing an optimal weighted voting system for the two-tier voting, applicable in the case of the Council of Ministers of the European Union (EU), is investigated. Various arguments in favour of the square root voting system, where the voting weights of member states are proportional to the square root of their population are discussed and a link between this solution and the random walk in the one-dimensional lattice is established. It is known that the voting power of every member state is approximately equal to its voting weight, if the threshold q for the qualified majority in the voting body is optimally chosen. We analyze the square root voting system for a generic 'union' of M states and derive in this case an explicit approximate formula for the level of the optimal threshold: $q \\simeq 1/2+1/\\sqrt{{\\pi} M}$. The prefactor $1/\\sqrt{{\\pi}}$ appears here as a result of averaging over the ensemble of unions with random populations.

  6. The theory of voting and equilibria in noncooperative games

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sloth, Birgitte

    1993-01-01

    We consider the problem of modeling voting situations, seeking models and equilibrium concepts which are easier to incorporate in large sequential decision games than the models and solution concepts used by the "theory of voting." It is demonstrated that one can avoid using very refined solution...

  7. E-voting discourses in the UK and the Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pieters, W.; Haren, van R.

    2007-01-01

    A qualitative case study of the e-voting discourses in the UK and the Netherlands was performed based on the theory of strategic niche management. In both countries, eight e-voting experts were interviewed on their expectations, risk estimations, cooperation and learning experiences. The results sho

  8. Creating Discussions with Classroom Voting in Linear Algebra

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cline, Kelly; Zullo, Holly; Duncan, Jonathan; Stewart, Ann; Snipes, Marie

    2013-01-01

    We present a study of classroom voting in linear algebra, in which the instructors posed multiple-choice questions to the class and then allowed a few minutes for consideration and small-group discussion. After each student in the class voted on the correct answer using a classroom response system, a set of clickers, the instructor then guided a…

  9. Addressing Common Student Errors with Classroom Voting in Multivariable Calculus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cline, Kelly; Parker, Mark; Zullo, Holly; Stewart, Ann

    2012-01-01

    One technique for identifying and addressing common student errors is the method of classroom voting, in which the instructor presents a multiple-choice question to the class, and after a few minutes for consideration and small group discussion, each student votes on the correct answer, often using a hand-held electronic clicker. If a large number…

  10. Acceptance of voting technology: between confidence and trust

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pieters, W.

    2006-01-01

    Social aspects of security of information systems are often discussed in terms of “actual security” and “perceived security”. This may lead to the hypothesis that e-voting is controversial because in paper voting, actual and perceived security coincide, whereas they do not in electronic systems. In

  11. The Theory and Implementation of Electronic Voting Systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Damgård, Ivan Bjerre; Groth, Jens; Salomonsen, Gorm

    2002-01-01

    We describe the theory behind a practical voting scheme based on homomorphic encryption. We give an example of an ElGamal-style encryption scheme, which can be used as the underlying cryptosystem. Then, we present efficient honest verifier zero-knowledge proofs that make the messages in the voting...

  12. Gendering the vote for populist radical-right parties

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Spierings, C.H.B.M.; Zaslove, A.S.

    2015-01-01

    Why do more men than women vote for populist radical-right (PRR) parties? And do more men than women still vote for the PRR? Can attitudes regarding gender and gender equality explain these differences (if they exist)? These are the questions that Spierings and Zaslove explore in this article. They

  13. Vote Centers as a Strategy to Control Election Administration Costs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David H. Folz

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The rising costs of election administration in an era of fiscal stress have motivated some local officials to test the feasibility of ideas for reducing election costs while enhancing voter convenience and perhaps even increasing voter turnout. One such pilot project in a suburban community in the South involved replacing precinct-based voting on election day with a vote center that all voters could use regardless of their precinct of residence. A comparison of election costs across two municipal elections showed that replacing precinct-based voting with an election day vote center resulted in substantial cost savings. While there was no statistical difference in voter turnout in municipal elections held before and after implementation of the pilot project, voters were highly satisfied with the convenience of the vote center as well as other aspects of their voting experience. The findings suggest that an election day vote center can be a viable strategy to control election costs and enhance voters’ perceptions of the convenience of voting.

  14. A Parallel Voting Scheme for Aspect Recovery

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈珂; 石川真澄

    1995-01-01

    Recently,a qualitative approach was proposed for 3-D shape recovery based on a hybrid object representation[1].In this approach,aspect recovery is the most important stage which binds regions in the image into meaningful aspects to support 3-D primitive recovery.There is no known polynomial time algorithm to solve this problem.the previous approach dealt with this problem by using a heuristic method based on the conditional probability.Unlike the previous method,this paper presents a novel parallel voting scheme to conquer the problem for efficiency.For this purpose,the previous global aspect representation is replaced with a distributed representation of aspects.Based on this representation,a three-layer parallel voting network for aspect recovery is proposed.For evaluating likelihood,a continuous Hopfield net is employed so that all aspect coverings in decreasing order of likelihood can be enumerated.The paper describes this method in detail and demonstrates its usefulness with simulation.

  15. Je narrant et je narré dans le discours autobiographique

    OpenAIRE

    2007-01-01

    Je narrant et je narré se manifestent comme actants du récit autobiographique. D’habitude, le je narrant est employé avec le présent du verbe, tandis que le je narré est employé avec le passé. Il y en a des cas où le je narré est employé avec des verbes au futur, dans un discours prédictif, qui annonce au lecteur ce que l’auteur fera après sa mort Le contexte est très important dans l’interprétation des deux instances

  16. Secure Internet Voting System based on Public Key Kerberos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hussein Khalid Abd-Alrazzq

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Electronic voting system is an important tool which allows voters to vote over the Internet without the geographical restrictions with considers important criteria in evaluating electronic voting schemes such as the mobility, democracy, and privacy. In this paper secure remote voting system has been presented. The proposed system uses public key Kerberos which is another form of traditional Kerberos as infrastructure deal with voters. The public key is used in all steps of Kerberos (not only in initial. The proposed system utilizes the advantages of threshold cryptography to prevent anyone to decrypt or sign the ballot alone without agreement all authorities, and use threshold blind signature to prevent discovers the vote or the identity of voter and protect the content of the ballot during casting and provide verifiable and discourages ballot buying.

  17. Le roman social dans l’œuvre d’Emyr Humphreys

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marie VANUXEEM

    2004-10-01

    Full Text Available Le romancier Emyr Humphreys écrivain gallois d’expression anglaise, est un Gallois qui écrit ses romans sur le pays de Galles en langue anglaise. Dans la littérature anglo-galloise, “Anglo-WeIsh writing” (Mathias, Anglo-Welsh Literature, 102-3, Emyr Humphreys est classé comme écrivain d’après guerre appartenant au “second movement” (98 ou au “second flowering” (Jones, Profiles, introduction, xxx. Cependant, il ne se considère pas comme un écrivain anglo-gallois dans le sens où il favorise ...

  18. Europhile media and Eurosceptic voting: effects of news media coverage on Eurosceptic voting in the 2009 European Parliamentary elections

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Spanje, J.; de Vreese, C.

    2014-01-01

    Extant research is not very specific about when the media matter for vote choice. In this study, we test multiple theories about the influences of the media on vote choice in 21 countries. The European Parliamentary (EP) election campaign offers a unique research context to test these influences. We

  19. Le savant et le politique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Philippe Corcuff

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available L’article s’efforce de reproblématiser de manière équilibrée la question épistémologique du rapport entre le savant et le politique, en trois étapes. Tout d’abord, il revient sur les complications weberiennes concernant « la neutralité axiologique », en ce qu’elles sont éloignées du neutralisme unilatéral défendu par Nathalie Heinich. Ensuite, il va puiser dans des ressources philosophiques chez Maurice Merleau-Ponty et dans des ressources sociologiques chez Norbert Elias afin de traiter de manière nuancée les relations distanciation/engagement dans la perspective d’une distanciation compréhensive. Enfin, il termine par quatre propositions épistémologiques synthétiques valorisant une autonomie de l’activité scientifique émancipée du scientisme.The scientist and the politicsThis article attempts to problematize in a balanced way the epistemological question of the relationship between the scientist and the politics in three steps. At first, it will discuss the weberian complications regarding “axiological neutrality” in its remoteness to the unilateral neutralism defended by Nathalie Heinich. Then, it will seek within Maurice Merleau-Ponty’s philosophical resources and Norbert Elias’ sociological resources in order to treat with nuance the distanciation/engagement relationship from a comprehensive distancing perspective. At last, it will end with four synthetic epistemological proposals valuing autonomous scientific activity, emancipated from scientism.El intelectual y el políticoEl articulo hace hincapié en la necesidad de plantear de manera equilibrada el tema epistemológico de la relación entre el intelectual y el político. Puede efectuarse en tres etapas. En primer lugar el autor subraya la preocupación weberiana por la « neutralidad axiológica » en la medida en que es opuesta a la neutralidad unilateral de Nathalie Heinich. Seguidamente se apoya en los recursos filosóficos de Merleau

  20. Représentations de Constantinople après la chute. Prolongements idéologiques

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eugénie Drakopoulou

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available L'image de Constantinople, liée à son mythe et au mythe du dernier empereur, apparaît après la chute de la ville, dans l'iconographie tant occidentale qu'orthodoxe, sur des icônes portatives, des manuscrits et des fresques dans les églises et les demeures patriciennes.L'événement même de la prise de la ville, en tant que représentation indépendante ou incorporée à des cycles iconographiques existants, est représenté plusieurs fois, entre les premières années après la chute et le XIXe siècle, dans la peinture de l'Occident et de l'Orient orthodoxe. L'image de la ville de Constantinople, dans les années suivant sa chute, devient symbole de la supériorité et de la victoire du christianisme, symbole d'opulence, de prospérité et de vie cosmopolite, symbole de la libération de l'hellénisme asservi, mais aussi de la coexistence des mondes orthodoxe et musulman.Dans ce travail, nous avons voulu repérer les différents messages, ethno-culturels, politiques et religieux dont sont chargées, selon les époques et les besoins, les représentations de Constantinople dans la peinture après sa prise par les Turcs. 

  1. Ethnic voting in the Andes: how ethnicity and ethnic attitudes shape presidential vote choice

    OpenAIRE

    Kelly, S. G. W.

    2016-01-01

    The rise of ethnic politics has been a prominent feature of Latin America’s recent history, particularly in the Andes where much of the population claim some indigenous descent. Prominent politicians use ethnicity to frame important aspects of their political projects and identities, survey data show an emerging ethnic voting gap in several countries, and political protests, debates, and media coverage periodically expose strong ethnic undercurrents. Yet existing scholarship has not examined ...

  2. Le financement de l’habitat en 2014.

    OpenAIRE

    Point E.; Ginéfri S.

    2015-01-01

    Les prix sur le marché de l’immobilier résidentiel ont poursuivi, en 2014, leur repli graduel entamé depuis 2012 : à l’échelle nationale, ils ont enregistré une nouvelle baisse de 2,4 %, le mouvement étant toujours plus marqué en Province (-2,5 %) qu’en Île de France (-2 %) ou à Paris (-2,2 %). Quant à l’activité, elle a connu des évolutions contrastées : après une reprise au 1er semestre, les transactions se sont de nouveau repliées dans l’ancien pour enregistrer une légère baisse sur un an ...

  3. Mental Health and Well-Being across the Military Spectrum (Bien-etre et sante mentale dans le milieu militaire)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-01

    Apr 2011 Mental Health and Well-Being across the Military Spectrum ( Bien -être et santé mentale dans le milieu militaire) Research and Technology...Spectrum ( Bien -être et santé mentale dans le milieu militaire) Papers presented at the RTO Human Factors and Medicine Panel (HFM) Symposium held in...research be conducted to demonstrate the usability of these technologies in real world settings. ES - 2 RTO-MP-HFM-205 Bien -être et santé

  4. Digital herders and phase transition in a voting model

    CERN Document Server

    Hisakado, Masato

    2011-01-01

    In this paper, we discuss a voting model with two candidates, $C_1$ and $C_2$. We set two types of voters--herders and independents. The voting of independent voters is based on their fundamental values; on the other hand, the voting of herders is based on the number of votes. Herders always select the majority of the previous $r$ votes, which is visible to them. We call them digital herders. We can accurately calculate the distribution of votes for special cases. When $r\\geq 3$, we find that a phase transition occurs at the upper limit of $t$, where $t$ is the discrete time (or number of votes). As the fraction of herders increases, the model features a phase transition beyond which a state where most voters make the correct choice coexists with one where most of them are wrong. On the other hand, when $r<3$, there is no phase transition. In this case, the herder's performance is the same as that of the independent voters. At last, from the simple experiments, we recognize the behavior of human beings.

  5. Universality in voting behavior: an empirical analysis

    CERN Document Server

    Chatterjee, Arnab; Fortunato, Santo

    2012-01-01

    Election data represent a precious source of information to study human behavior at a large scale. In proportional elections with open lists, the number of votes received by a candidate, rescaled by the average performance of all competitors in the same party list, has the same distribution regardless of the country and the year of the election. Here we provide the first thorough assessment of this claim. We analyzed election datasets of 15 countries with proportional systems. We confirm that a class of nations with similar election rules fulfill the universality claim. Discrepancies from this trend in other countries with open-lists elections are always associated with peculiar differences in the election rules, which matter more than differences between countries and historical periods. Our analysis shows that the role of parties in the electoral performance of candidates is crucial: alternative scalings not taking into account party affiliations lead to poor results.

  6. Universality in voting behavior: an empirical analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chatterjee, Arnab; Mitrović, Marija; Fortunato, Santo

    2013-01-01

    Election data represent a precious source of information to study human behavior at a large scale. In proportional elections with open lists, the number of votes received by a candidate, rescaled by the average performance of all competitors in the same party list, has the same distribution regardless of the country and the year of the election. Here we provide the first thorough assessment of this claim. We analyzed election datasets of 15 countries with proportional systems. We confirm that a class of nations with similar election rules fulfill the universality claim. Discrepancies from this trend in other countries with open-lists elections are always associated with peculiar differences in the election rules, which matter more than differences between countries and historical periods. Our analysis shows that the role of parties in the electoral performance of candidates is crucial: alternative scalings not taking into account party affiliations lead to poor results.

  7. Network-Based Voting System—Evaluation and Optimization of CCMVS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张欢; 唐竞新

    2001-01-01

    This paper gives a brief introduction to a novel voting system,the Network-based Voting System (NVS). The system design is based on the careful analysis and evaluation of a traditional voting system, the computer controlled and managed voting system. The new system integrates technologies such as image processing, networking and databases to enhance three aspects of system performance:

  8. Voting in a Stochastic Environment: The Case of Two Groups

    CERN Document Server

    Chebotarev, P Yu; Tsodikova, Ya Yu; Lezina, Z M; Borzenko, V I

    2011-01-01

    Social dynamics determined by voting in a stochastic environment is analyzed for a society composed of two cohesive groups of similar size. Within the model of random walks determined by voting, explicit formulas are derived for the capital increments of the groups against the parameters of the environment and "claim thresholds" of the groups. The "unanimous acceptance" and "unanimous rejection" group rules are considered as the voting procedures. Claim thresholds are evaluated that are most beneficial to the participants of the groups and to the society as a whole.

  9. Vote Stuffing Control in IPTV-based Recommender Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhatt, Rajen

    Vote stuffing is a general problem in the functioning of the content rating-based recommender systems. Currently IPTV viewers browse various contents based on the program ratings. In this paper, we propose a fuzzy clustering-based approach to remove the effects of vote stuffing and consider only the genuine ratings for the programs over multiple genres. The approach requires only one authentic rating, which is generally available from recommendation system administrators or program broadcasters. The entire process is automated using fuzzy c-means clustering. Computational experiments performed over one real-world program rating database shows that the proposed approach is very efficient for controlling vote stuffing.

  10. How to Play E-Lottery Games via Voting

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HAN Wei; ZHANG Long-jun; ZHENG Dong; CHEN Ke-fei

    2006-01-01

    E-lottery is a popular game for its convenience provided by the Internet. An e-lottery scheme based on voting is proposed. The scheme is publicly verifiable and the fairness can be guaranteed. Lottery players not only provide seed numbers to create the initial value of the lucky number, but also have an opportunity to change the intermediate value of the lucky number by means of voting. The new property of the scheme makes the lottery game more interactive and attractive to players. The anonymity of submitting the lottery ticket and casting the vote is achieved. Comparison with other existing e-lottery schemes is given.

  11. A New Algorithm for Voting in Social Networks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zeinab Saeidi Masine

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Regarding to increasing spread of internet in recent years, social networks attracted the attention of many people. A voting system is a set of rules that a community adopts to take collective decision. In this paper we study representative democracy voting and introduce an algorithm for finding a committee who are participated in voting rather than entire social network. In this model we use community detection techniques in order to obtain parties, and D’Hondt rule to clarifying proportion of each party in committee. We finally use analysis links webpages algorithms for finding important users in social network.

  12. Developing a Legal Framework for Remote Electronic Voting

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmidt, Axel; Heinson, Dennis; Langer, Lucie; Opitz-Talidou, Zoi; Richter, Philipp; Volkamer, Melanie; Buchmann, Johannes

    This paper describes how to legally regulate remote electronic elections. Electronic voting systems have to respect the constitutional election principles. For technological solutions, this translates into security requirements that have to be fulfilled by the operational environment in which the voting takes place. Therefore [26] introduced the concept of providing the technical and organizational implementation of a remote electronic election by a qualified trustworthy third party. This paper adds legal regulation to support this concept. The legal framework addresses the secure operation of remote electronic voting services as well as their accreditation and supervision by an official authority.

  13. Digital Voting Systems and Communication in Classroom Lectures

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mathiasen, Helle

    2015-01-01

    Studies on the use of digital voting systems in large group teaching situations have often focused on the ”non-anonymity” and control and testing functions that the technology provides. There has also been some interest in how students might use their votes tactically to gain “credits”. By focusing...... than simply a device for facilitating ”non-anonymity”, test, control and allocation of credits. The case studies showed, for instance, that digital voting systems can be conducive to a more open approach in which the systems are used as communication tools and teaching resources in situations where...

  14. A Electronic Voting Scheme Achieved by Using Quantum Proxy Signature

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cao, Hai-Jing; Ding, Li-Yuan; Yu, Yao-Feng; Li, Peng-Fei

    2016-09-01

    In this paper, we propose a new electronic voting scheme using Bell entangled states as quantum channels. This scheme is based on quantum proxy signature. The voter Alice, vote management center Bob, teller Charlie and scrutineer Diana only perform single particle measurement to realize the electronic voting process. So the scheme reduces the technical difficulty and increases operation efficiency. It can be easily realized. We use quantum key distribution and one-time pad to guarantee its unconditional security. The scheme uses the physical characteristics of quantum mechanics to guarantee its anonymity, verifiability, unforgetability and undeniability.

  15. Le vieillard et le chevalier

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mélanie JECKER

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available La fin du Moyen Âge fascine. Deux facteurs principaux expliquent l’attraction qu’exerce cette période : elle apparaît d’une part comme un moment historique riche car double, phase de transition entre le Moyen Âge et la Renaissance, où se mêlent des cadres de représentation anciens et nouveaux. L’insinuation d’une pensée humaniste balbutiante s’y traduirait notamment par l’émergence de la notion d’individu, qui constitue l’un des objets de ce travail. Il faut invoquer, d’autre part, l’image macabre d’un bas Moyen Âge hanté par l’idée de la maladie et de la mort depuis l’épidémie de peste noire de 1348, obsédé par la brièveté de la vie humaine. Ces deux facettes de « l’automne du Moyen Âge » tel que l’évoque avec poésie Joan Huizinga sont-elles autre chose qu’une plaisante image d’Epinal? Cette étude cherche précisément à déterminer le degré de validité de ces deux topiques, à travers l’analyse de la représentation des âges de la vie dans un corpus bien défini, celui de la biographie chevaleresque castillane du XVe siècle. L’intérêt porté à l’individu, la conscience de la singularité impliquent en effet celle du caractère mouvant de la personne, or quel thème mieux que celui des âges permet de confirmer ou d’infirmer l’hypothèse du surgissement d’une nouvelle manière de concevoir l’homme, proprement « renaissante », en ce siècle de transition , La nature même du corpus retenu – des récits biographiques – suggère en effet une mutation dans l’appréhension de la personne, une attention prêtée à sa progressive transformation. L’étude de la représentation de la vieillesse, en particulier, révèle non seulement à quel point était alors réelle cette prétendue obsession de la déchéance physique et de la mortalité, mais aussi dans quelle mesure étaient soulignés et valorisés les changements individuels parallèles à l

  16. Transformations des représentations corporelles durant l’Épiclassique mésoaméricain (600 à 900 apr. j.‑c.)

    OpenAIRE

    Testard, Juliette

    2014-01-01

    L’Épiclassique (600 à 900 apr. j.‑c.) est une période de grands bouleversements sur l’Altiplano central mésoaméricain. L’iconographie de Cacaxtla-Xochitecatl (Tlaxcala) et de Xochicalco (Morelos) se situe à une distance marquée, notamment dans la représentation du corps humain, des images de Teotihuacan (Mexico). Contenant ou support à Teotihuacan, le corps semble se transformer en une matière à la fois vivante et sacrifiée, connectée à une réalité tangible et pragmatique à Cacaxtla-Xochiteca...

  17. Review of APR+ Level 2 PSA. Revision 2

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lehner, John R. [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Mubayi, Vinod [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Pratt, W. Trevor [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Kim, Do Sam [Korea Institute of Nuclear Safety (KINS), Daejeon (Korea, Republic of); Cho, Yong Jin [Korea Institute of Nuclear Safety (KINS), Daejeon (Korea, Republic of); Cho, Sang Jin [Korea Institute of Nuclear Safety (KINS), Daejeon (Korea, Republic of); Kim, In Goo [Korea Institute of Nuclear Safety (KINS), Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

    2012-02-17

    Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) assisted the Korea Institute of Nuclear Safety (KINS) in reviewing the Level 2 Probabilistic Safety Assessment (PSA) of the APR+ Advanced Pressurized Water Reactor (PWR) prepared by the Korea Hydro & Nuclear Power Co., Ltd (KHNP) and KEPCO Engineering & Construction Co., Inc. (KEPCO-E&C). The work described in this report involves a review of the APR+ Level 2 PSA submittal [Ref. 1]. The PSA and, therefore, the review is limited to consideration of accidents initiated by internal events. As part of the review process, the review team also developed three sets of Requests for Additional Information (RAIs). These RAIs were provided to KHNP and KEPCO-E&C for their evaluation and response. This final detailed report documents the review findings for each technical element of the PSA and includes consideration of all of the RAIs made by the reviewers as well as the associated responses. This final report was preceded by an interim report [Ref. 2] that focused on identifying important issues regarding the PSA. In addition, a final meeting on the project was held at BNL on November 21-22, 2011, where BNL and KINS reviewers discussed their preliminary review findings with KHNP and KEPCO-E&C staffs. Additional information obtained during this final meeting was also used to inform the review findings of this final report. The review focused not only on the robustness of the APR+ design to withstand severe accidents, but also on the capability and acceptability of the Level 2 PSA in terms of level of detail and completeness. The Korean nuclear regulatory authorities will decide whether the PSA is acceptable and the BNL review team is providing its comments for KINS consideration. Section 2.0 provides the basis for the BNL review. Section 3.0 presents the review of each technical element of the PSA. Conclusions and a summary are presented in Section 4.0. Section 5.0 contains the references.

  18. Towards a Standard Architecture for Digital Voting Systems - Defining a Generalized Ballot Schema

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cochran, Dermot Robert

    2015-01-01

    Many electoral jurisdictions have their own distinctive voting schemes. There is no clear consensus about the ideal voting scheme for fair elections. Various systems for electronic and online voting have been either proposed or developed, but these systems tend to be aimed at particular vote...... counting schemes e.g. plurality. This paper proposes a way to decouple the ballot casting process from the vote counting scheme, using a generalized ballot schema....

  19. The fate of the square root law for correlated voting

    CERN Document Server

    Kirsch, Werner

    2012-01-01

    We consider two-tier voting system and try to determine optimal weights for a fair representation in such systems. A prominent example of such a voting system is the Council of Ministers of the European Union. Under the assumption of independence of the voters, the square root law gives a fair distribution of power (based on the Penrose-Banzhaf power index) and a fair distribution of weights (based on the concept of the majority deficit), both given in the book by Felsenthal and Machover. In this paper, special emphasis is given to the case of correlated voters. The cooperative behaviour of the voters is modeled by suitable adoptions of spin systems known from statistical physics. Under certain assumptions we are able to compute the optimal weights as well as the average deviation of the council's vote from the public vote which we call the democracy deficit.

  20. Information-Theoretically Secure Voting Without an Honest Majority

    CERN Document Server

    Broadbent, Anne

    2008-01-01

    We present three voting protocols with unconditional privacy and information-theoretic correctness, without assuming any bound on the number of corrupt voters or voting authorities. All protocols have polynomial complexity and require private channels and a simultaneous broadcast channel. Our first protocol is a basic voting scheme which allows voters to interact in order to compute the tally. Privacy of the ballot is unconditional, but any voter can cause the protocol to fail, in which case information about the tally may nevertheless transpire. Our second protocol introduces voting authorities which allow the implementation of the first protocol, while reducing the interaction and limiting it to be only between voters and authorities and among the authorities themselves. The simultaneous broadcast is also limited to the authorities. As long as a single authority is honest, the privacy is unconditional, however, a single corrupt authority or a single corrupt voter can cause the protocol to fail. Our final pr...

  1. Towards A Secure Remote Electronic Voting in Tanzania Organizational Challenges

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sylvester Kimbi

    Full Text Available This paper discusses organizational challenges that hinder the implementation of secure remote electronic voting in Tanzania and proposes workable solutions to address the identified challenges. The work presented in this paper complements a proposed secu ...

  2. Allegheny County Voting District Boundaries (Spring 2015 - Spring 2016)

    Data.gov (United States)

    Allegheny County / City of Pittsburgh / Western PA Regional Data Center — This dataset demarcates municipal voting districts in Allegheny County. If viewing this description on the Western Pennsylvania Regional Data Center’s open data...

  3. Statistical analysis of NOMAO customer votes for spots of France

    CERN Document Server

    Palovics, Robert; Benczur, Andras; Pap, Julia; Ermann, Leonardo; Phan, Samuel; Chepelianskii, Alexei D; Shepelyansky, Dima L

    2015-01-01

    We investigate the statistical properties of votes of customers for spots of France collected by the startup company NOMAO. The frequencies of votes per spot and per customer are characterized by a power law distributions which remain stable on a time scale of a decade when the number of votes is varied by almost two orders of magnitude. Using the computer science methods we explore the spectrum and the eigenvalues of a matrix containing user ratings to geolocalized items. Eigenvalues nicely map to large towns and regions but show certain level of instability as we modify the interpretation of the underlying matrix. We evaluate imputation strategies that provide improved prediction performance by reaching geographically smooth eigenvectors. We point on possible links between distribution of votes and the phenomenon of self-organized criticality.

  4. Election Districts and Precincts, vote, Published in 2003, Daggett County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Election Districts and Precincts dataset, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 2003. It is described as 'vote'. Data by this publisher are...

  5. Public goods and voting on formal sanction schemes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Putterman, Louis; Tyran, Jean-Robert Karl; Kamei, Kenju

    2011-01-01

    or exacerbating the free-rider problem, depending on parameter settings. Most groups quickly learned to choose parameters inducing efficient outcomes. We find that cooperative orientation, political attitude, gender and intelligence have a small but sometimes significant influence on voting....

  6. Public Goods and Voting on Formal Sanction Schemes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Putterman, Louis; Tyran, Jean-Robert; Kamei, Kenju

    the free-rider problem, depending on parameter settings. Most groups quickly learned to choose parameters inducing efficient outcomes. But despite uniform money payoffs implying common interest in those parameters, voting patterns suggest significant influence of cooperative orientation, political...

  7. Two kinds of Phase transitions in a Voting model

    CERN Document Server

    Hisakado, Masato

    2012-01-01

    In this paper, we discuss a voting model with two candidates, C_1 and C_2. We consider two types of voters--herders and independents. The voting of independents is based on their fundamental values; on the other hand, the voting of herders is based on the number of previous votes. We can identify two kinds of phase transitions. One is information cascade transition similar to a phase transition seen in Ising model. The other is a transition of super and normal diffusions. These phase transitions coexist together. We compared our results to the conclusions of experiments and identified the phase transitions in the upper t limit using analysis of human behavior obtained from experiments.

  8. Allegheny County Voting District Boundaries (Fall 2016 - present)

    Data.gov (United States)

    Allegheny County / City of Pittsburgh / Western PA Regional Data Center — This dataset demarcates municipal voting districts in Allegheny County. If viewing this description on the Western Pennsylvania Regional Data Center’s open data...

  9. Arshile Gorky ou le lyrisme inquiet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mathilde Arrivé

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available Dans le cadre de l’année de l’Arménie en France sont exposées à Paris une cinquantaine d’oeuvres de l’artiste américain d’origine arménienne, Arshile Gorky (1904-1948, né au bord du lac de Van et émigré aux Etats-Unis en 1920. Les huiles, pastels et dessins sont répartis dans deux espaces, selon deux grands temps : la période de formation (au centre Gulbenkian et les oeuvres de la maturité de la « grande » période d’après 1943 (au centre Georges Pompidou. Cet hommage est donc une expositio...

  10. Scaling Roll Call Votes with wnominate in R

    OpenAIRE

    2011-01-01

    This paper presents a software package designed to estimate Poole and Rosenthal W-NOMINATE scores in R. The package uses a logistic regression model to analyze political choice data, usually (though not exclusively) from a legislative setting. In contrast to other scaling methods, W-NOMINATE explicitly assumes probabilistic voting based on a spatial utility function, where the parameters of the utility function and the spatial coordinates of the legislators and the votes can all be estimated ...

  11. Gaining assurance in a voter-verifiable voting system

    OpenAIRE

    Alberdi, E.; Strigini, L.; Leach, K; Ryan, P.; Palanque, P.; Winckler, M.

    2009-01-01

    The literature on e-voting systems has many examples of discussion of the correctness of the computer and communication algorithms of such systems, as well as discussions of their vulnerabilities. However, a gap in the literature concerns the practical need (before adoption of a specific e-voting system) for a complete case demonstrating that the system as a whole has sufficiently high probability of exhibiting the desired properties when in use in an actual election. This paper discusses the...

  12. Evaluating Voting Competence in Persons with Alzheimer Disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pietro Tiraboschi

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Voting by persons with dementia raises questions about their decision-making capacity. Methods specifically addressing voting capacity of demented people have been proposed in the US, but never tested elsewhere. We translated and adapted the US Competence Assessment Tool for Voting (CAT-V to the Italian context, using it before 2006 elections for Prime Minister. Consisting of a brief questionnaire, this tool evaluates the following decision-making abilities: understanding nature and effect of voting, expressing a choice, and reasoning about voting choices. Subjects' performance was examined in relation to dementia severity. Of 38 subjects with Alzheimer's disease (AD enrolled in the study, only three scored the maximum on all CAT-V items. MMSE and CAT-V scores correlated only moderately (=0.59; <0.0001 with one another, reflecting the variability of subjects' performance at any disease stage. Most participants (90%, although performing poorly on understanding and reasoning items, scored the maximum on the choice measure. Our results imply that voting capacity in AD is only roughly predicted by MMSE scores and may more accurately be measured by a structured questionnaire, such as the CAT-V. Among the decision-making abilities evaluated by the CAT-V, expressing a choice was by far the least affected by the dementing process.

  13. Le roi est mort!: Vive le roi?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Urias Arantes

    1992-12-01

    Full Text Available Ce texte examine critiquement les points d'appui et propos philosophiques du projet culturel néomoderne (Habermas, Roùanet, interroge le lien avoué entre modernité et néomodernisme, le débat de celui-ci avec les irrationalismes post-modernes, explicite préssuppositions et inconsistances du projet néomoderne ainsi que ce que le néomodernisme laisse dans l'ombre dans son rachat de la modernité et ce que par conséquent il ne peut pas penser. Sous le fil conducteur de la critique du néomodernisme, on a souligné une sorte de "fuite en avant" qui serait le destin commun des intellectuels brésiliens, la possibilité et la limite de leur existence sociale.

  14. Voting Places, Voting Districts, Published in 2001, 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, Lafayette County Land Records.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Voting Places dataset, published at 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Road Centerline Files information as of 2001. It is described...

  15. Voting Places, Voting Polls, Published in 2010, 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, Effingham County Board Of Commissioners.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Voting Places dataset, published at 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2010. It is described...

  16. Analysis of Social Voting Patterns on Digg

    CERN Document Server

    Lerman, Kristina

    2008-01-01

    The social Web is transforming the way information is created and distributed. Blog authoring tools enable users to publish content, while sites such as Digg and Del.icio.us are used to distribute content to a wider audience. With content fast becoming a commodity, interest in using social networks to promote and find content has grown, both on the side of content producers (viral marketing) and consumers (recommendation). Here we study the role of social networks in promoting content on Digg, a social news aggregator that allows users to submit links to and vote on news stories. Digg's goal is to feature the most interesting stories on its front page, and it aggregates opinions of its many users to identify them. Like other social networking sites, Digg allows users to designate other users as ``friends'' and see what stories they found interesting. We studied the spread of interest in news stories submitted to Digg in June 2006. Our results suggest that pattern of the spread of interest in a story on the ne...

  17. Behavioral experiments on biased voting in networks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kearns, Michael; Judd, Stephen; Tan, Jinsong; Wortman, Jennifer

    2009-02-03

    Many distributed collective decision-making processes must balance diverse individual preferences with a desire for collective unity. We report here on an extensive session of behavioral experiments on biased voting in networks of individuals. In each of 81 experiments, 36 human subjects arranged in a virtual network were financially motivated to reach global consensus to one of two opposing choices. No payments were made unless the entire population reached a unanimous decision within 1 min, but different subjects were paid more for consensus to one choice or the other, and subjects could view only the current choices of their network neighbors, thus creating tensions between private incentives and preferences, global unity, and network structure. Along with analyses of how collective and individual performance vary with network structure and incentives generally, we find that there are well-studied network topologies in which the minority preference consistently wins globally; that the presence of "extremist" individuals, or the awareness of opposing incentives, reliably improve collective performance; and that certain behavioral characteristics of individual subjects, such as "stubbornness," are strongly correlated with earnings.

  18. Régulation de la production, par des cellules endothéliales, de cytokines pro-inflammatoires après irradiation

    Science.gov (United States)

    van der Meeren, A.; Lafont, H.; Mathé, D.

    1998-04-01

    Gamma irradiation leads to an increased production of interleukin- (IL)-6 and IL-8 by human endothelial cells. In order to regulate the radio-induced production of these pro-inflammatory cytokines, we used the immunoregulatory cytokines IL-4 and IL-10. These agents were added either before or after a 10 Gy-irradiation. Our results show that it is possible to decrease the radio-induced production of IL-6 and IL-8 with the use of IL-4 and IL-10. Differences in the intensity of the response have been observed according to the time of treatment. The anti-inflammatory potential of both IL-4 and IL-10 was more pronounced when added after irradiation. Après irradiation gamma, des cellules endothéliales humaines ont une production accrue des interleukines (IL-) -6 et -8. Dans le but de réguler la production de ces cytokines pro-inflammatoires, nous avons utilisé des cytokines dites anti-inflammatoires, l'IL-4 et l'IL-10. Ces agents ont été ajoutés soit avant soit après une irradiation de 10Gy. Nos résultats montrent qu'il est possible de diminuer les productions radio-induites d'IL-6 et d'IL-8 par l'IL-4 et l'IL-10. Des différences dans l'intensité de la réponse ont toutefois été observées selon que l'IL-4 ou l'IL-10 ont été ajoutées avant ou après irradiation; leur efficacité anti-inflammatoire étant plus marquée lorsque les cytokines sont ajoutées après l'irradiation.

  19. Offline and Online E-Voting System with Embedded Security for Real Time Application

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alaguvel.R 1 and Gnanavel.G 2

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available In many proposals, the security of the system relies mainly on the black box voting machine. But security of data, privacy of the voters and the accuracy of the vote are also main aspects that have to be taken into consideration while building secure e-voting system. In this project the authenticating voters and polling data security aspects for e-voting systems was discussed. It ensures that vote casting cannot be altered by unauthorized person. The voter authentication in online e-voting process can be done by formal registration through administrators and by entering GSM One time password. In Offline e-voting process authentication can be done using facial recognization, finger vein sensing and RFID (smart cards which enables the electronic ballot reset for allowing voters to cast their votes. Also the voted data and voters details can be sent to the nearby Database Administration unit in a timely manner using GSM System with cryptography technique

  20. A Practical Privacy Preserving E-Voting Scheme with Smart Card Using Blind Signature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V.K. Narendira Kumar

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Voting is regarded as one of the most effective methods for individuals to express their opinions to select their democratic leader in the public elections. As the computing, communicating, and cryptographic techniques progress rapidly, increasing emphasis has been placed on developing electronic voting schemes capable of providing more efficient voting services than conventional paper-based voting methods. A receipt-free e-voting scheme based on the virtual voting booth that can be implemented with a smart card. Receipt-freeness is achieved by distributing the voting procedure between the voter and the smart card. By using smart cards to randomize part of content of the ballot, the voter cannot construct a receipt. The voter and the smart card jointly contribute randomness for the encryption of the ballot. To provide convenience to voters, sufficient voting facilities are supplied in sufficient public voting booths.

  1. Le Valais bilingue

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mathieu Petite

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Le Valais est l’un des trois cantons bilingues de la Suisse. 63 % de sa population parle le français dans la partie ouest du canton et 28 % l’allemand dans sa partie est. Ce « plurilinguisme de juxtaposition » (pour reprendre le terme d’André-Louis Sanguin dans sa Géographie politique de la Suisse soulève des questions politiques et sociales qu’ambitionne de traiter l’ouvrage des linguistes Iwar Werlen, Verena Tunger et Ursula Frei. Le constat auquel aboutit cette recherche sur le bilinguism...

  2. Ivresse et militantisme : Olivier Rolin, Jean Rolin, Jean-Pierre Le Dantec

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mélanie Lamarre

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Respectivement nés en 1943, en 1947 et en 1949, Jean-Pierre Le Dantec, Olivier Rolin et Jean Rolin font tous les trois partie, après Mai soixante-huit, de la Gauche prolétarienne, une organisation d’extrême gauche « maoïste» qui s’autodissout au tournant des années 1973-1974, après cinq ans d’activité dont trois dans la clandestinité. Jean-PierreLe Dantec devient professeur d’architecture et l’auteur de quatre romans. Olivier Rolin devient écrivain, et pratique des activités de journaliste et...

  3. ECONOMETRIC ANALYSIS ON VOTE-POPULARITY FUNCTION FOR ROMANIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    NICOLAE-MARIUS JULA

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available The regional analysis in Romania confirms the hypothesis of a significant correlation between the status of the economy and political behaviour of the electors. The level and the dynamic of the unemployment at regional level have an influence on vote behaviour, as stated by the partisan political business cycle theory: in the areas with a higher unemployment rate there is a voting preference (tendency towards the political left wing. This conclusion is interesting for a political perspective. If the unemployment electors carry their votes toward left, the left wing government in office between 1992-1996 and 2000-2004 promotes an economic policy that outcomes in a diminishing the electoral support for this party: during these periods, the global unemployment rate decreased from 8.2% to 6.6% in first period (1992-1996 and from 12.3% to 6.3% in the second. Moreover, the partisan electoral behaviour hypothesis affirms that the private entrepreneurs and the self-employed vote toward right-wing parties. That means that electoral support for left party in office during the mentioned periods was also reduced by another result of the reform, namely the strong increase in the number of registered companies (large numbers of them are limited liability companies. A political analogous situation was recorded during the 1996-2000 legislatures. The global unemployment rate increased and the business environment became unfavourable, leading to a decrease of the electoral support for the right-wing governmental coalition in office.In Romania, regarding the elections from 2008-2009, a new electoral law was introduced. The main changes concerned the election of chairpersons of county councils by uninominal voting, separating general and presidential elections and the introduction uninominal voting system for parliamentary elections, with a correction of the total number of seats with the total number of votes obtained by each party on national level.

  4. Le temps en images

    CERN Document Server

    Callender, Craig

    2014-01-01

    Qu'est-ce que le temps ? Le célèbre philosophe du Ve siècle, St Augustin, a dit qu'il savait ce qu'était le temps, tant que personne ne le lui demandait... Le temps est-il une quatrième dimension similaire à l'espace ou s'écoule-t-il dans un certain sens ? Et si le temps passe, est-il sensé de dire à quelle vitesse ? Est-ce que l'avenir existe ? Voyager dans le temps est-il possible ? Ce livre aborde ces questions et d'autres parmi les plus profondes et plus subtiles que l'on puisse se poser sur cette notion essentielle dans notre vie.

  5. Evaluation of Electromagnetic Characteristic for APR1400 CEDM

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jang, Seung Hee; Kim, Jin Seon; Kim, Min Su; Jun, Il Jung; Kim, Yong Kyu [Doosan Heavy Industries and Construction, Changwon (Korea, Republic of)

    2010-10-15

    Control Element Drive Mechanism (CEDM) is the device that controls the reactor power by driving and holding of Extension Shaft Assembly (ESA) and Control Element Assembly (CEA). CEDM is operated by applying localized magnetic flux fields which activate parts made of magnetic material which are internal to the pressure boundary. Driving and holding of the ESA and CEA occur when power is sequentially applied to the series of the CEDM electrical coils external to the pressure housing. Because CEDM is operated by electromagnetic force, it is important to evaluate an electromagnetic characteristic of the CEDM. In this study, the electromagnetic analysis of the APR1400 CEDM was performed to evaluate the electromagnetic characteristic of CEDM in holding and withdrawal condition

  6. Le vécu de l’accident nucléaire de Fukushima, Japon : les paroles des enfants

    OpenAIRE

    IDA, Akiko

    2011-01-01

    Le contexte : le monde couvert d’une neige invisible L’explosion Mi-mars 2011, quatre réacteurs de la centrale nucléaire de Fukushima Daiichi ont explosé l’un après l’autre à 230 kilomètres de Tokyo suite aux importants séisme et tsunami qui ont submergé le nord-est du Japon. Au moment de la rédaction de cet article, plus de six mois après la survenue du désastre, le système de refroidissement pour les réacteurs fondus n’est pas encore rétabli, et la crise se poursuit sans amélioration notoir...

  7. Justice blocks and predictability of US Supreme Court votes

    CERN Document Server

    Guimera, Roger; 10.1371/journal.pone.0027188

    2012-01-01

    Successful attempts to predict judges' votes shed light into how legal decisions are made and, ultimately, into the behavior and evolution of the judiciary. Here, we investigate to what extent it is possible to make predictions of a justice's vote based on the other justices' votes in the same case. For our predictions, we use models and methods that have been developed to uncover hidden associations between actors in complex social networks. We show that these methods are more accurate at predicting justice's votes than forecasts made by legal experts and by algorithms that take into consideration the content of the cases. We argue that, within our framework, high predictability is a quantitative proxy for stable justice (and case) blocks, which probably reflect stable a priori attitudes toward the law. We find that U. S. Supreme Court justice votes are more predictable than one would expect from an ideal court composed of perfectly independent justices. Deviations from ideal behavior are most apparent in di...

  8. A Distributed Weighted Voting Approach for Accurate Eye Center Estimation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gagandeep Singh

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper proposes a novel approach for accurate estimation of eye center in face images. A distributed voting based approach in which every pixel votes is adopted for potential eye center candidates. The votes are distributed over a subset of pixels which lie in a direction which is opposite to gradient direction and the weightage of votes is distributed according to a novel mechanism.  First, image is normalized to eliminate illumination variations and its edge map is generated using Canny edge detector. Distributed voting is applied on the edge image to generate different eye center candidates. Morphological closing and local maxima search are used to reduce the number of candidates. A classifier based on spatial and intensity information is used to choose the correct candidates for the locations of eye center. The proposed approach was tested on BioID face database and resulted in better Iris detection rate than the state-of-the-art. The proposed approach is robust against illumination variation, small pose variations, presence of eye glasses and partial occlusion of eyes.Defence Science Journal, 2013, 63(3, pp.292-297, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.14429/dsj.63.2763

  9. Le diagnostic des encéphalopathies spongiformes chez les ruminants

    OpenAIRE

    2004-01-01

    Le diagnostic des Encéphalopathies Spongiformes Transmissibles (EST) des ruminants est aujourd’hui basé sur la mise en évidence de l’isoforme pathologique, résistante à la protéinase K, de la protéine PrP, la PrPres. La PrPres peut être mise en évidence in situ, à l’aide de techniques immunohistochimiques ou, bien après extraction et traitement à la protéinase K, par des techniques immunochimiques (western blot, Enzyme Linked ImmunoSorbent Assay). Si le diagnostic de routine des encéphalopath...

  10. Le paradoxe de la RSE ou comment (ne pas) en sortir

    OpenAIRE

    de Nanteuil, Matthieu; Cnop, Aurélie

    2006-01-01

    Après avoir souligné le paradoxe inhérent au concept de RSE (promouvoir une responsabilité " désintéressée " au sein d'un espace d'interaction soumis à une norme globale d'utilité), cet article rappelle que le fonctionnement des organisations s'est toujours accompagné d'un compromis entre " rationalité instrumentale " et " rationalité en valeurs ". Dans cette perspective, il propose une formalisation possible des liens entre RSE et stratégie. Cinq configurations stratégiques sont suggérées, q...

  11. MANAGEMENT DE L’EFFICACITE ENERGETIQUE DANS LE BATIMENT

    OpenAIRE

    DJERROUFI, Mohammed El Amin

    2014-01-01

    Le travail présenté ci-après porte sur le management de l’efficacité énergétique dans les projets de construction et de réhabilitation des bâtiments, en adoptent une démarche managériale et environnementale qui nous permettra de réduire les consommations énergétique et limité l’impact environnemental. Pour cela à on a commencé par définir les concepts énergétique et environnemental, en s’intéressant de près à l’efficacité énergétique dans les bâtiments, afin d’assurer à l’usager un confort du...

  12. Théâtre Le Poche

    CERN Multimedia

    Théâtre Le Poche

    2012-01-01

    Du 9 au 19 février Lundi, vendredi 20h30 Mercredi, jeudi, samedi 19h Dimanche 17h    LES TERRIENS (assurez-vous que vous faites totalement autre chose) Mise en scène Claire Rengade   Obnubilée par la parole, Claire Rengade propose avec Les Terriens une recherche singulière et passionnée, une forme très novatrice entre théâtre, poésie et reportage. Après une enquête au CERN, la jeune auteure et metteure en scène choisit comme thème de sa nouvelle création une grande machine, centre de recherche scientifique de la plus grande avancée technologique. Avec Les Terriens Claire Rengade poursuit sa quête d’un langage au flux impressionniste, foisonnant, jubilatoire, voire délirant, où le plaisir de dire le texte, tel une partition musicale, est toujours au cœur de la repr...

  13. Théâtre Le Poche

    CERN Multimedia

    Théâtre Le Poche

    2012-01-01

    LES TERRIENS (assurez-vous que vous faites totalement autre chose)   Mise en scène Claire Rengade   Obnubilée par la parole, Claire Rengade propose avec Les Terriens une recherche singulière et passionnée, une forme très novatrice entre théâtre, poésie et reportage. Après une enquête au CERN, la jeune auteure et metteure en scène choisit comme thème de sa nouvelle création une grande machine, centre de recherche scientifique de la plus grande avancée technologique. Avec Les Terriens Claire Rengade poursuit sa quête d’un langage au flux impressionniste, foisonnant, jubilatoire, voire délirant, où le plaisir de dire le texte, tel une partition musicale, est toujours au cœur de la représentation. PRIX SPÉCIAL POUR LES EMPLOYÉS DU CERN : CHF 22.- AU LIEU ...

  14. Le choix de l'excellence

    CERN Document Server

    Collins, Jim

    2012-01-01

    Dix ans après le succès mondial de De la performance à l'excellence (Good to Great), Jim Collins et son associé Morten T. Hansen s'interrogent ici sur la nature de l excellence en période d incertitude. Pourquoi, dans un contexte chaotique, certaines entreprises sont florissantes et d autres non ? Comment, en ces temps troublés, réussir à diriger et vaincre l adversité pour dominer son marché ? La chance peut-elle sérieusement être envisagée comme un facteur de réussite ? À l issue d un programme de recherche ambitieux et rigoureux qui a duré neuf ans, les auteurs exposent dans cet ouvrage les nouveaux principes pour bâtir une entreprise réellement excellente. Leurs conclusions sont, comme toujours, étonnantes. Ils soulignent notamment que la course à l innovation n est pas toujours la meilleure voie à suivre, que discipline et créativité peuvent aller de concert et que malgré le changement permanent, les meilleures décisions sont rarement prises dans l urgence. Quant aux leaders, on...

  15. Le pouvoir de la règle

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olivier Ihl

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available La réforme du mode de scrutin ne manque jamais en France de soulever les plus vives controverses. Quelle que soit son ampleur, elle provoque des réactions passionnées, et déjà chez ceux dont la position dépend des configurations de jeu que cette règle délimite. Quel est au juste le pouvoir de régulation d’un mode de scrutin ? De quelle force bénéficie ce type de disposition électorale ? Si le vote est un procédé par lequel les voix recueillies conditionnent une décision collective, ce que l’o...

  16. Forecasting the Senate vote on the Supreme Court vacancy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Scott J. Basinger

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper forecasts current senators’ votes on Merrick Garland’s nomination to the U.S. Supreme Court, in the unlikely case that a vote actually takes place. The forecasts are necessarily conditional, awaiting measurement of the nominee’s characteristics. Nonetheless, a model that combines parameters estimated from existing data with values of some measurable characteristics of senators—particularly their party affiliations, party loyalty levels, and ideological positions—is sufficient to identify potential swing voters in the Senate. By accounting for a more nuanced and refined understanding of the confirmation process, our model reveals that if President Obama were to nominate almost any nominee (conservative or liberal today, that nominee would be rejected if a vote was allowed to take place. So why nominate anyone at all? Obama’s hope for a successful confirmation must come from the stochastic component, that is, from outside the traditional decision-making calculus.

  17. Scaling Roll Call Votes with wnominate in R

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Keith Poole

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a software package designed to estimate Poole and Rosenthal W-NOMINATE scores in R. The package uses a logistic regression model to analyze political choice data, usually (though not exclusively from a legislative setting. In contrast to other scaling methods, W-NOMINATE explicitly assumes probabilistic voting based on a spatial utility function, where the parameters of the utility function and the spatial coordinates of the legislators and the votes can all be estimated on the basis of observed voting behavior. Building on software written by Poole in Fortran, the new wnominate package in R facilitates easier data input and manipulation, generates bootstrapped standard errors, and includes a new suite of graphics functions to display the results. We demonstrate the functionality of this package by conducting a natural experiment using roll calls -- an experiment which is greatly simplified by the data manipulation capabilities of the wnominate package in R.

  18. Persistence in voting behavior: stronghold dynamics in elections

    CERN Document Server

    Pérez, Toni; Ramasco, Jose J; Eguíluz, Víctor M

    2015-01-01

    Influence among individuals is at the core of collective social phenomena such as the dissemination of ideas, beliefs or behaviors, social learning and the diffusion of innovations. Different mechanisms have been proposed to implement inter-agent influence in social models from the voter model, to majority rules, to the Granoveter model. Here we advance in this direction by confronting the recently introduced Social Influence and Recurrent Mobility (SIRM) model, that reproduces generic features of vote-shares at different geographical levels, with data in the US presidential elections. Our approach incorporates spatial and population diversity as inputs for the opinion dynamics while individuals' mobility provides a proxy for social context, and peer imitation accounts for social influence. The model captures the observed stationary background fluctuations in the vote-shares across counties. We study the so-called political strongholds, i.e., locations where the votes-shares for a party are systematically hig...

  19. Ideology, Party Systems and Corruption Voting in European Democracies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Charron, Nicholas; Bågenholm, Andreas

    2016-01-01

    What is the impact of corruption on citizens' voting behavior? There is a growing literature on an increasingly ubiquitous puzzle in many democratic countries: that corrupt officials continue to be re-elected by voters. In this study we address this issue with a novel theory and newly collected...... original survey data for 24 European countries. The crux of the argument is that voters' ideology is a salient factor in explaining why citizens would continue voting for their preferred party despite the fact that it has been involved in a corruption scandal. Developing a theory of supply (number...... of effective parties) and demand (voters must have acceptable ideological alternatives to their preferred party), we posit that there is a U-shaped relationship between the likelihood of corruption voting and where voters place themselves on the left/right spectrum. The further to the fringes, the more likely...

  20. Capacity to Vote in Persons with Dementia and the Elderly

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Javier Irastorza

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The capacity to vote in patients with mental illness is increasingly questioned. The objective of this study is to evaluate this capacity in a group of subjects with dementia (Alzheimer's disease and other elderly subjects without dementia. With a sample of 68 subjects with dementia and 25 controls living in a senior residence, a transversal study was carried out over 4 months. Subjects were evaluated with the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE and the Competence Assessment Tool for voting (CAT-V. The results were more positive for the Doe criteria (as part of the CAT-V, and a correlation was found with the MMSE in subjects with dementia and, to a lesser degree, in the controls. We conclude that the capacity to vote is related to cognitive deterioration and, within that, is more related to understanding and appreciation.

  1. Word of mouth and universal voting behaviour in proportional elections

    CERN Document Server

    Fortunato, S; Castellano, Claudio; Fortunato, Santo

    2006-01-01

    Human societies exhibit many examples of nontrivial collective behaviour generated by the interaction of a large number of individuals. To characterize these emergent phenomena and understand their origin it is crucial to discover regularities in the macroscopic patterns of data describing collective social phenomena. Elections are a prominent example of collective social phenomenon, and a quantitative statistical analysis has begun. Here we show that, in proportional elections, the distribution of the number of votes received by candidates is universal, i.e. it is the same function in different countries and years, when the number of votes is rescaled according to the strength of the party each candidate belongs to. A simple dynamical model for the behaviour of voters, based on the spreading of word of mouth, reproduces well the universal distribution. This finding reveals the existence in the voting process of a general underlying dynamics that does not depend on the specific historical, political and/or ec...

  2. UN DEUIL DANS LE MIROIR DE LA PSYCHANALYSE : relire le Et nunc manet in te d’André Gide

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claire Pagès

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available L’article se propose de montrer que les thèses psychanalytiques peuvent être étayées sur les productions culturelles et au premier chef littéraires. Nous prendrons en exemple le texte que Gide consacre à sa femme juste après sa disparition, Et nunc manet in te. Nous défendrons, d’une part, qu’il offre un étayage saisissant de la théorie freudienne du deuil et, d’autre part, que sa lecture à la lumière de la psychanalyse permet de redresser un contresens qui a dominé sa réception et qui fait du texte un « portrait dégradé ». On expliquera sa curieuse facture par le travail psychique du deuil qui préside à son écriture.

  3. Rencontre avec Albert Bandura : l’homme et le scientifique

    OpenAIRE

    Brewer, Stephen Scott

    2011-01-01

    Ce texte présente le professeur Bandura, l’homme dont l’œuvre inspire ce numéro spécial. Après avoir évoqué quelques éléments biographiques du psychologue américain et exposé un certain nombre de ses contributions majeures à sa discipline, nous proposons le compte rendu d’un atelier de recherche organisé autour du professeur en 2006 à Toulouse (lors du 7e colloque européen sur l’autoformation). Le dialogue en direct entre les participants et le professeur offre de riches mises en perspective ...

  4. A Secure Model for Remote Electronic Voting: A Case of Tanzania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sylvester Kimbi

    Full Text Available Tanzania is still using paper ballots system as the only voting channel despite the fact that other countries have already implemented remote electronic voting systems for their general and parliamentary elections. With the rapid evolution of Information ...

  5. Dimension, egalitarianism and decisiveness of European voting systems

    OpenAIRE

    Carreras Escobar, Francisco; Freixas Bosch, Josep; Magaña Nieto, Antonio

    2016-01-01

    An analysis of three major aspects has been carried out that may apply to any of the successive voting systems used for the European Union Council of Ministers, from the first one established in the Treaty of Rome in 1958 to the current one established in Lisbon. We mainly consider the voting systems designed for the enlarged European Union adopted in the Athens summit, held in April 2003 but this analysis can be applied to any other system. First, it is shown that the dimension of these voti...

  6. Public Goods and Voting on Formal Sanction Schemes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Putterman, Louis; Tyran, Jean-Robert; Kamei, Kenju

    the free-rider problem, depending on parameter settings. Most groups quickly learned to choose parameters inducing efficient outcomes. But despite uniform money payoffs implying common interest in those parameters, voting patterns suggest significant influence of cooperative orientation, political......The burgeoning literature on the use of sanctions to support public goods provision has largely neglected the use of formal or centralized sanctions. We let subjects playing a linear public goods game vote on the parameters of a formal sanction scheme capable both of resolving and of exacerbating...

  7. Does Economic Education Make a Difference in Congress? How Economics Majors Vote on Trade

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Roark, J. Brian

    2012-01-01

    The author of this article expands the background theory of voting to incorporate the undergraduate majors of members of Congress. Examining nine votes on trade across the 109th and 110th Congresses reveals that economics majors are the only category of college major to vote in favor of free trade in a predictable way. Controls for a variety of…

  8. 75 FR 74025 - Procedural Manual for the Election Assistance Commission's Voting System Testing and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-30

    ... COMMISSION Procedural Manual for the Election Assistance Commission's Voting System Testing and Certification...; publication of Voting System Testing and Certification Manual, Version 2.0, for 60 day public comment period... manual for its Voting System Testing and Certification Program. This manual sets the...

  9. Information Management System for Electronic Voting In Support of the Schieffelin Award for Excellence in Teaching

    Science.gov (United States)

    2001-09-01

    NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL Monterey, California THESIS INFORMATION MANAGEMENT SYSTEM FOR ELECTRONIC VOTING IN SUPPORT OF THE SCHIEFFELIN AWARD...from... to) - Title and Subtitle Information Management System for Electronic Voting in Support of the Schieffelin Award for Excellence in...Management System for Electronic Voting in Support of the Schieffelin Award for Excellence in Teaching 5. FUNDING NUMBERS 6. AUTHOR (S

  10. ELECTRONIC VOTING AS A FORM OF THE ELECTORAL INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES: FOREIGN AND DOMESTIC EXPERIENCE

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    Electronic voting is considered in the context of information and communication technologies used during the electoral process. The foreign experience in implementing the e-voting technologies and prospects of its borrowings for use in Ukraine is analized. The basic advantages and disadvantages of electronic voting is underlined.

  11. Sistem Pemungutan Suara Elektronik Menggunakan Model Poll Site E-Voting

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Haryati Haryati

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available General elections is a regular agenda for a democtaric state, the applied paper based voting has several drawbacks, including spoiled ballots, inaccuracy in the counting of votes and reporting of election results which tends to be slow. Therefore , it needs to develop an electronic voting system that is user friendly for Indonesian people, which will reduce confusion from the previous system changes. Electronic voting aims at increasing participation, accuracy and efficiency of election results. Electrinoc voting has its own challenges to the implementation in Indonesia, ranging from the lack of legal protection, the heterogeneous level of education, culture, soceity and the digital gaps. The model developed in this thesis is the poll site e-voting, based on the rules of General Elections Commision (KPU as the organizer of the elections. In this model, people still go to the pools, using the ID number od ID card as a verification tool and voting at the voting booths provided. The system automatically stores the results in a database option, and after the spesified time will show both the results of the voting and other and other information required by the Commission. Voting system with a model of e-voting poll site is expected to have a good chance an a low level of risk to be applied in Indonesia.   Keywords : E-voting; Poll site; Rule based; Risk.

  12. Experimental Study of the APR+ Direct ECC Bypass in the Air-water Test Facility

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Kihwan; Choi, Hae-Seob; Park, Kil-won; Kwon, Tae-Soon [Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

    2015-10-15

    The APR+ is an improved Korean Nuclear Power Reactor, which has been developed as a two loop evolutionary PWR (Pressure Water Reactor) with a number of advanced design features to enhance safety based on the APR-1400 technology. The emergency core cooling system (ECC) of the APR+ is different with that of the APR-1400, though the APR+ adopted a direct vessel injection (DVI) system which is the same design features of the APR-14000. The main difference of the DVI+ is the emergency core barrel duct (ECBD) which is designed to increase the amount of the injection water to the core region. The performance of the DVI system has been an important issues for past decades, and many researchers have studied the related thermal-hydraulic technical issues such as the ECC bypass fraction, the steam condensation effect, temperature distribution, sub-cooling margin, and etc. However, the previous research cannot be directly applicable to the APR+ owing to the unique features of the DVI+. The current study will elaborate on the experimental evaluation of the direct ECC bypass performance. The 1/5 ECC bypass test facility which is designed with a linearly reduced 1/5 scale referring to the APR+ was used to investigate the effect of the DVI+ injection nozzle location and the broken cold leg velocity on the direct ECC bypass fraction. However, air is used as a working fluid to simulate the steam flow induced from the broken cold leg, and thus, the direct contact condensation effect is not considered in this study. Experimental study for the direct ECC bypass phenomena has been carryout out with various the injection mode and air velocity conditions. The tests were performed in the 1/5 scale ECC bypass test facility, and the test condition was defined using a scaling law referring to the APR+ reactor. Test results showed that the direct ECC bypass fraction was greatly enhanced compared with the reference test (w/o ECBD)

  13. Le nouveau musée de Yad Vashem et la commémoration des victimes homosexuelles du nazisme*

    OpenAIRE

    Régis Schlagdenhauffen-Maika

    2007-01-01

    Le 15 mars 2005, quelques semaines après les célébrations du soixantième anniversaire de la libération d’Auschwitz, a été inauguré le nouveau musée de l’histoire de l’Holocauste de Yad Vashem. « Yad Vashem est le mémorial du peuple juif en souvenir des six millions de Juifs assassinés et il est le symbole de la confrontation continue à la rupture engendrée par l’Holocauste ». Le musée suscite, selon une « perspective juive », l’empathie avec les martyrs et l’identification avec les héros. Grâ...

  14. Le nouveau musée de Yad Vashem et la commémoration des victimes homosexuelles du nazisme

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Régis Schlagdenhauffen-Maika

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available Le 15 mars 2005, quelques semaines après les célébrations du soixantième anniversaire de la libération d’Auschwitz, a été inauguré le nouveau musée de l’histoire de l’Holocauste de Yad Vashem. « Yad Vashem est le mémorial du peuple juif en souvenir des six millions de Juifs assassinés et il est le symbole de la confrontation continue à la rupture engendrée par l’Holocauste ». Le musée suscite, selon une « perspective juive », l’empathie avec les martyrs et l’identification avec les héros. Grâ...

  15. Extended Station Blackout Coping Capabilities of APR1400

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sang-Won Lee

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear power plant accident shows that an extreme natural disaster can prevent the proper restoration of electric power for several days, so-called extended SBO. In Korea, the government and industry performed comprehensive special safety inspections on all domestic nuclear power plants against beyond design bases external events. One of the safety improvement action items related to the extended SBO is installation of external water injection provision and equipment to RCS and SG. In this paper, the extended SBO coping capability of APR1400 is examined using MAAP4 to assess the effectiveness of the external water injection strategy. Results show that an external injection into SG is applicable to mitigate an extended SBO scenario. However, an external injection into RCS is only effective when RCS depressurization capacity is sufficiently provided in case of high pressure scenarios. Based on the above results, the technical basis of external injection strategy will be reflected on development of revised severe accident management guideline.

  16. 7 CFR 1280.626 - Certification and voting procedures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND INFORMATION ORDER Procedures To Request a Referendum Definitions § 1280.626... or her business. Forms obtained via the Internet will be located at www.ams.usda.gov... final day of the voting period and must be received in the county FSA office on the 5th business...

  17. The Voting Rights Act--An Historical Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rustin, Bayard; And Others

    1975-01-01

    This address to the morning session of the Southern Policy Conference on the Voting Rights Act of 1965 puts the Act in an historical perspective in which its importance is clearly perceived; also includes is a discussion of the address by Nicholas Katzenbach, Vernon Jordan, James P. Turner, and George H. Esser, persons who either were involved in…

  18. 12 CFR 1261.5 - Determination of member votes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Determination of member votes. 1261.5 Section 1261.5 Banks and Banking FEDERAL HOUSING FINANCE AGENCY FEDERAL HOME LOAN BANKS FEDERAL HOME LOAN BANK DIRECTORS Federal Home Loan Bank Boards of Directors: Eligibility and Elections § 1261.5 Determination...

  19. Increasing Interactivity in Lectures Using an Electronic Voting System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Draper, S. W.; Brown, M. I.

    2004-01-01

    An overview of the experience of the opening two years of an institution-wide project in introducing electronic voting equipment for lectures is presented. Eight different departments and a wide range of group size (up to 300) saw some use. An important aspect of this is the organizational one of addressing the whole institution, rather than a…

  20. Towards a Fraud Prevention E-Voting System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr. Hazem El-Gendy

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Election falsification is one of the biggest problems facing third world countries as well as developed countries with respect to cost and time. In this paper, the guidelines for building a legally binding fraud-proof Electronic-Voting are presented. Also, the limitations are discussed.

  1. Applying Trustworthy Computing to End-to-End Electronic Voting

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fink, Russell A.

    2010-01-01

    "End-to-End (E2E)" voting systems provide cryptographic proof that the voter's intention is captured, cast, and tallied correctly. While E2E systems guarantee integrity independent of software, most E2E systems rely on software to provide confidentiality, availability, authentication, and access control; thus, end-to-end integrity is not…

  2. Teaching Case: Analysis of an Electronic Voting System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thompson, Nik; Toohey, Danny

    2014-01-01

    This teaching case discusses the analysis of an electronic voting system. The development of the case was motivated by research into information security and management, but as it includes procedural aspects, organizational structure and personnel, it is a suitable basis for all aspects of systems analysis, planning and design tasks. The material…

  3. The Black Vote: Racial Intolerance or the Politics of Perception.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scott, Richard R.

    Voting behavior of blacks is examined with specific regard to racial intolerance. Factors studied include racial identification, amount of interracial contact, and the black candidate's job performance. In 1969, interviewers collected data on 400 black respondents' attitudes about Carl Stokes (the black incumbent mayoralty candidate), the other…

  4. Weekly Fluctuations in Risk Tolerance and Voting Behaviour.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanders, Jet G; Jenkins, Rob

    2016-01-01

    Risk tolerance is fundamental to decision-making and behaviour. Here we show that individuals' tolerance of risk follows a weekly cycle. We observed this cycle directly in a behavioural experiment using the Balloon Analogue Risk Task (Lejuez et al., 2002; Study 1). We also observed it indirectly via voting intentions, gathered from 81,564 responses across 70 opinion polls ahead of the Scottish Independence Referendum of 2014 (Study 2) and 149,064 responses across 77 opinion polls ahead of the United Kingdom European Union membership referendum of 2016 (Study 3). In all three studies, risk-tolerance decreased from Monday to Thursday before returning to a higher level on Friday. This pattern is politically significant because UK elections and referendums are traditionally held on a Thursday-the lowest point for risk tolerance. In particular, it raises the possibility that voting outcomes in the UK could be systematically risk-averse. In line with our analysis, the actual proportion of Yes votes in the Scottish Independence Referendum was 4% lower than forecast. Taken together, our findings reveal that the seven-day weekly cycle may have unexpected consequences for human decision-making. They also suggest that the day on which a vote is held could determine its outcome.

  5. Weekly Fluctuations in Risk Tolerance and Voting Behaviour.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jet G Sanders

    Full Text Available Risk tolerance is fundamental to decision-making and behaviour. Here we show that individuals' tolerance of risk follows a weekly cycle. We observed this cycle directly in a behavioural experiment using the Balloon Analogue Risk Task (Lejuez et al., 2002; Study 1. We also observed it indirectly via voting intentions, gathered from 81,564 responses across 70 opinion polls ahead of the Scottish Independence Referendum of 2014 (Study 2 and 149,064 responses across 77 opinion polls ahead of the United Kingdom European Union membership referendum of 2016 (Study 3. In all three studies, risk-tolerance decreased from Monday to Thursday before returning to a higher level on Friday. This pattern is politically significant because UK elections and referendums are traditionally held on a Thursday-the lowest point for risk tolerance. In particular, it raises the possibility that voting outcomes in the UK could be systematically risk-averse. In line with our analysis, the actual proportion of Yes votes in the Scottish Independence Referendum was 4% lower than forecast. Taken together, our findings reveal that the seven-day weekly cycle may have unexpected consequences for human decision-making. They also suggest that the day on which a vote is held could determine its outcome.

  6. Strategic voting in heterogeneous electorates: An experimental study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M. Tyszler; A. Schram

    2013-01-01

    We study strategic voting in a setting where voters choose from three options and Condorcet cycles may occur. We introduce in the electorate heterogeneity in preference intensity by allowing voters to differ in the extent to which they value the three options. Three information conditions are tested

  7. The role of remote voting in encouraging return

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Djordje Stefanovic

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Once there is a genuine possibility of going home, what influences a forced migrant’s decision to return to a pre-conflict residence, often in the face of very difficult conditions? What role can remote voting play?

  8. 2008 Evaluation of the DoD Voting Assistance Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-04-30

    Part II, serv1ce made hands ema11, 24 with tra1nmg Voter Voting C:hapter80, Sect1on components significant of 24 Secunty ASSIStance 1566 & DODO ...and installation telephone operators (in those cases where the command is responsible for telecommunications operations)? ( DoDO 1000.04, Para

  9. Citizens’ Readiness for Remote Electronic Voting in Tanzania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sylvester Kimbi

    Full Text Available Remote electronic voting through Internet or mobile phones can potentially increase citizens' electoral participation in countries with low voter turnout such as those in Sub-Saharan Africa. This paper measures citizen’s readiness for remote electronic vo ...

  10. A Vote for Election Science as an Academic Discipline

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foster, Andrea L.

    2006-01-01

    This article presents the suggestion of Merle S. King, chairman of the department of computer science and information systems at Kennesaw State University and also a director of Kennesaw State's Center for Elections Systems, which has helped establish a uniform statewide voting system in Georgia. On the last day of the conference sponsored by the…

  11. Llull and Copeland Voting Computationally Resist Bribery and Control

    CERN Document Server

    Faliszewski, Piotr; Hemaspaandra, Lane A; Rothe, Joerg

    2008-01-01

    The only systems previously known to be resistant to all the standard control types were highly artificial election systems created by hybridization. We study a parameterized version of Copeland voting, denoted by Copeland^\\alpha, where the parameter \\alpha is a rational number between 0 and 1 that specifies how ties are valued in the pairwise comparisons of candidates. We prove that Copeland^{0.5}, the system commonly referred to as ``Copeland voting,'' provides full resistance to constructive control, and we prove the same for Copeland^\\alpha, for all rational \\alpha, 0 < \\alpha < 1. Copeland voting is the first natural election system proven to have full resistance to constructive control. We also prove that both Copeland^1 (Llull elections) and Copeland^0 are resistant to all standard types of constructive control other than one variant of addition of candidates. Moreover, we show that for each rational \\alpha, 0 \\leq \\alpha \\leq 1, Copeland^\\alpha voting is fully resistant to bribery attacks, and w...

  12. The fluctuating female vote: politics, religion, and the ovulatory cycle.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Durante, Kristina M; Rae, Ashley; Griskevicius, Vladas

    2013-06-01

    Each month, many women experience an ovulatory cycle that regulates fertility. Although research has found that this cycle influences women's mating preferences, we proposed that it might also change women's political and religious views. Building on theory suggesting that political and religious orientation are linked to reproductive goals, we tested how fertility influenced women's politics, religiosity, and voting in the 2012 U.S. presidential election. In two studies with large and diverse samples, ovulation had drastically different effects on single women and women in committed relationships. Ovulation led single women to become more liberal, less religious, and more likely to vote for Barack Obama. In contrast, ovulation led women in committed relationships to become more conservative, more religious, and more likely to vote for Mitt Romney. In addition, ovulation-induced changes in political orientation mediated women's voting behavior. Overall, the ovulatory cycle not only influences women's politics but also appears to do so differently for single women than for women in relationships.

  13. Majority-vote model on Opinion-Dependent Networks

    CERN Document Server

    Lima, F W S

    2013-01-01

    We study a nonequilibrium model with up-down symmetry and a noise parameter $q$ known as majority-vote model of M.J. Oliveira $1992$ on opinion-dependent network or Stauffer-Hohnisch-Pittnauer networks. By Monte Carlo simulations and finite-size scaling relations the critical exponents $\\beta/\

  14. Comments on "Getting out the Vote with Evaluative Thinking"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henry, Gary T.

    2015-01-01

    In this commentary, Gary Henry explains that the Danes have got it right, again. Not only is their voter turnout high to begin with, but they are evaluating ways to increase voter turnout with "random variation" to accurately assess the effects of the innovations. In the Danish 2009 municipal elections, 65.8% turned out to vote, which…

  15. "All in Favour, Say Aye!" Voting in Pupils' Collaborative Talk

    Science.gov (United States)

    Newman, Ruth

    2015-01-01

    This paper draws on the findings of an Economic and Social Research Council and British Telecom-funded project which explored the teaching of collaborative talk in the secondary English classroom. During the analysis of the video data collected, voting was observed as a strategy in pupils' collaborative decision-making. Converse to its democratic…

  16. Majority-vote model with heterogeneous agents on square lattice

    CERN Document Server

    Lima, F W S

    2013-01-01

    We study a nonequilibrium model with up-down symmetry and a noise parameter $q$ known as majority-vote model of M.J. Oliveira 1992 with heterogeneous agents on square lattice. By Monte Carlo simulations and finite-size scaling relations the critical exponents $\\beta/\

  17. Brainstorming: weighted voting prediction of inhibitors for protein targets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Plewczynski, Dariusz

    2011-09-01

    The "Brainstorming" approach presented in this paper is a weighted voting method that can improve the quality of predictions generated by several machine learning (ML) methods. First, an ensemble of heterogeneous ML algorithms is trained on available experimental data, then all solutions are gathered and a consensus is built between them. The final prediction is performed using a voting procedure, whereby the vote of each method is weighted according to a quality coefficient calculated using multivariable linear regression (MLR). The MLR optimization procedure is very fast, therefore no additional computational cost is introduced by using this jury approach. Here, brainstorming is applied to selecting actives from large collections of compounds relating to five diverse biological targets of medicinal interest, namely HIV-reverse transcriptase, cyclooxygenase-2, dihydrofolate reductase, estrogen receptor, and thrombin. The MDL Drug Data Report (MDDR) database was used for selecting known inhibitors for these protein targets, and experimental data was then used to train a set of machine learning methods. The benchmark dataset (available at http://bio.icm.edu.pl/∼darman/chemoinfo/benchmark.tar.gz ) can be used for further testing of various clustering and machine learning methods when predicting the biological activity of compounds. Depending on the protein target, the overall recall value is raised by at least 20% in comparison to any single machine learning method (including ensemble methods like random forest) and unweighted simple majority voting procedures.

  18. Education's impact on explanations of radical right-wing voting

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lubbers, M.; Tolsma, J.

    2011-01-01

    One of the reactions to the large demographic changes in Europe due to migration has been the rise of radical right-wing parties. Previous research has shown that education is one of the most relevant explanations of this voting behaviour. By pooling the European Social Surveys from 2002, 2004, 2006

  19. Le royaume de Méroé

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claude Rilly

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available La civilisation napato-méroïtique qui domine le cours du Nil moyen, d’Assouan à Khartoum, depuis le viiie siècle av. J.-C. jusqu’au ive siècle apr. J.-C., fait suite à la colonisation égyptienne du Soudan ancien. Par sa religion, son idéologie, ses institutions, sa culture matérielle, elle se rattache étroitement au modèle égyptien à tel point que l’on peut parler d’une « civilisation pharaonique » dont l’Égypte et le Soudan ancien seraient les deux versants. L’histoire du royaume de Méroé est assez mal connue dans le détail, d’une part parce que les textes méroïtiques sont peu nombreux et très partiellement compris, d’autre part en raison d’une couverture archéologique relativement récente et clairsemée. Les sources extérieures, égyptiennes, grecques et romaines, sont assez laconiques et moyennement fiables. Les progrès récents de l’archéologie et de la philologie du Soudan ancien laissent toutefois espérer de prochaines avancées.The Napatan-Meroitic civilisation flourished in the Middle Nile valley from the 8th century BC to the 4th century AD. It inherited from the former Egyptian colonisation cultural patterns that are obvious in religious and ideological fields as much as in institutions or artefacts. One could even speak of a “Pharaonic civilization” with two sides, Egypt and Ancient Sudan. Little is known from the history of the kingdom of Meroe, first because Meroitic texts are in small number and poorly understood and secondly because archaeological excavations are fairly recent and scattered. External sources such as Egyptian, Greek and Roman evidences are scanty and moderately reliable. However recent progress in the archaeology and philology of Ancient Sudan is currently improving the knowledge of this civilisation.

  20. Avant le crime politique

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    La créativité récente dans le sous-genre policier au Mexique, que l’on appelle « néo-policier » favorise la mise en valeur des romans et nouvelles à caractère policier qui n’avaient pas dans ce pays le développement éditorial pris aux Etats-Unis. Le crime et l’enquête policière ont des composantes de fiction qui ne s’inscrivent pas dans le profil conventionnel du roman de détective. Des œuvres de plusieurs écrivains marquent cette évolution vers le néo-policier.Dans Ensayo de un crimen (1986)...

  1. The Effect of Membership Rules and Voting Schemes on the Success of International Climate Agreements

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Finus, M. [Department of Economics Institute of Economic Theory, Hagen University, Hagen (Germany); Altamirano-Cabrera, Juan-Carlos; Van Ierland, E. [Department of Social Sciences Environmental Economics and Natural Resources Group, Wageningen University, Wageningen (Netherlands)

    2003-11-01

    We empirically test the role of membership rules and voting schemes for climate change coalitions with the STAbility of COalitions model (STACO). The model comprises twelve world regions and captures long-run effects of greenhouse gas accumulation. We apply three stability concepts that capture the notion of open membership and exclusive membership with majority and unanimity voting. We show that exclusive membership leads to superior outcomes than open membership and that unanimity voting is preferable to majority voting in welfare and environmental terms. Our results suggest restricting membership in future international environmental agreements and they provide a rationale for unanimity voting as applied in many international organizations.

  2. The Vector-Ballot Approach for Online Voting Procedures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kiayias, Aggelos; Yung, Moti

    Looking at current cryptographic-based e-voting protocols, one can distinguish three basic design paradigms (or approaches): (a) Mix-Networks based, (b) Homomorphic Encryption based, and (c) Blind Signatures based. Each of the three possesses different advantages and disadvantages w.r.t. the basic properties of (i) efficient tallying, (ii) universal verifiability, and (iii) allowing write-in ballot capability (in addition to predetermined candidates). In fact, none of the approaches results in a scheme that simultaneously achieves all three. This is unfortunate, since the three basic properties are crucial for efficiency, integrity and versatility (flexibility), respectively. Further, one can argue that a serious business offering of voting technology should offer a flexible technology that achieves various election goals with a single user interface. This motivates our goal, which is to suggest a new "vector-ballot" based approach for secret-ballot e-voting that is based on three new notions: Provably Consistent Vector Ballot Encodings, Shrink-and-Mix Networks and Punch-Hole-Vector-Ballots. At the heart of our approach is the combination of mix networks and homomorphic encryption under a single user interface; given this, it is rather surprising that it achieves much more than any of the previous approaches for e-voting achieved in terms of the basic properties. Our approach is presented in two generic designs called "homomorphic vector-ballots with write-in votes" and "multi-candidate punch-hole vector-ballots"; both of our designs can be instantiated over any homomorphic encryption function.

  3. Ville nouvelle, quarante ans après : les pionniers vieillissants de Maurepas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marie Peretti-Ndiaye

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Construites à partir des années 1960 sous l’impulsion du Schéma directeur d’Aménagement et d’Urbanisme de 1965, cinq villes nouvelles ont vu le jour en région parisienne. Leur aménagement laisse entrevoir une volonté de répondre à des besoins urbains identifiés, se conjuguant parfois avec l’offre d’espaces, de services ou d’équipements envisagés alors comme novateurs. Maurepas, rattachée jusqu’en 1984 à l’agglomération nouvelle de Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines, a été façonnée en partie par ces aspirations. Elle constitue aujourd’hui une commune à la population vieillissante et à l’urbanisme marqué par des jeux d’échelle, des cloisonnements et par une relative uniformité. La configuration de la ville laisse entrevoir la volonté d’ébaucher « un nouveau genre de vie urbaine »(Pachaud, 2006 manifeste durant les années soixante et soixante-dix tandis que l’histoire de la commune permet d’envisager les difficultés inhérentes à l’intercommunalité. Au cœur de cette histoire se retrouvent des ménages de la classe moyenne, entrés dans le périurbain comme des pionniers. Portés par l’idéologie d’une ville-nouvelle où « tout est à construire » et qui leur ouvrait, parallèlement, des perspectives nouvelles en termes « d’espaces à soi », ces derniers sont aujourd’hui âgés de plus de soixante ans. Quarante ans après leur installation, leurs discours sur la ville révèlent l’existence de plusieurs ordres de tension : tension entre ruralité et urbanité, d’une part, tension entre adhésion, différenciation et réflexivité, de l’autre. Ces tensions peuvent être mises en parallèle avec les évolutions de la ville et la façon dont les formes urbaines sont mises en question dans l’espace des débats publics. Ces différents éléments nous conduiront à envisager les résistances et les projections à l’œuvre ainsi que les processus de subjectivation qu’elles r

  4. Kantaat Elizabeth II-le

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Inglise luuletaja Andrew Motion'i ja helilooja Peter Maxwell Davies'i kantaadist "The Golden Rule" Inglise kuningannale tema 80 aasta juubeli puhul (esitus 23. apr. Windsoris St George'i kirikus ja sügisesel Windsori festivalil)

  5. Le dernier Wittgenstein et le dernier Husserl sur le langage

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paul Ricoeur

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available This article presents an edited version of lectures given by Paul Ricœur at Johns Hopkins University in April 1966. Ricœur offers a comparative analysis of Wittgenstein’s and Husserl’s late works, taking the problem of language as the common ground of investigation for these two central figures of phenomenology and analytic philosophy. Ricœur develops his study in two parts. The first part considers Husserl’s approach to language after the Logical Investigations and concentrates on Formal and Transcendental Logic; leaving a transcendental reflection on language behind it re-examines a phenomenological conception, according to which the sphere of logic is not separable from that of experience. The main focus of the second part is Wittgenstein’s later philosophy as it moved on from the conception of an isomorphic relation between language and the world, as set out in the picture theory in the Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus, to the more pragmatic notion of a language-game in the Philosophical Investigations. In order to get beyond the irrevocable differences between the two philosophies and the unresolved theoretical issues on both sides, Ricœur suggests turning to a semiological paradigm based on the Saussurean distinction between “language” and “speaking.” Keyword: Analytic Philosophy, Husserl, Phenomenology, Semiology, Wittgenstein.  Résumé Cet article est une version éditée de conférences données par Paul Ricœur à la Johns Hopkins University en avril 1966. Ricœur propose une analyse comparée des dernières œuvres de Wittgenstein et Husserl, avec le problème du langage comme sol commun d’investigations pour ces deux figures centrales de la phénoménologie et la philosophie analytique. Cette analyse de Ricœur se joue à travers deux parties. La première partie revient sur l'approche du langage chez Husserl depuis Recherches logiques avec une attention particulière aux développements de Logique formelle et

  6. Uncertainty analysis of occupational radiation exposure dose for APR1400 design certification

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Kyo Min; Lee, Chong Hui; Lee, Dong Su; Kim, Byung Il; Kang, Sang Ho [Korea Electric Power Corporation (KEPCO) E and C Inc., Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Son, Jung Gwon [Korea Hydro and Nuclear Power (KHNP) Central Research Institue (CRI), Gyeongju (Korea, Republic of)

    2014-11-15

    While it is required to include the anticipated Occupational Radiation Exposure (ORE) in the DC application, the ORE data for APR1400 is not available, since the first APR1400 is under construction in Korea. Therefore, this study performs the uncertainty analysis to estimate the expected ORE dose for APR1400 DC using the experience data from the operating plant in Korea based on the methodology specified in NRC Regulatory Guide(RG) 8.19. According to the results, if the design improvements are taken into account, it is found that the median value of APR1400 ORE dose, even for the case of 95 percentile value is within the design target of 1 man-Sv.

  7. Le foudre foudroyant et ravageantoublié de Pierre Juvernay

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sophie Longuet

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Parmi les textes que j’ai dû mettre de côté lors de mes recherches, j’ai pensé immédiatement à celui de Pierre Juvernay, Le Foudre foudroyant et ravageant, contre les péchez mortels, Paris, Pierre Le Mur, datant de 1637. Le titre m’avait interpelé étant donné le sujet de ma thèse dont le titre est le suivant : « De la foudre à la lumière. Enquête sur les formes de la luminosité et leur signification dans l’œuvre de Dante. » La nature du document est un texte d’exhortation proche des exempla médiévaux pour son contenu. Écrit pour mettre au jour une doctrine religieuse catholique propre au XVIIe siècle,ce livre m’a permis de m’intéresser aux exempla médiévaux, aux exhortations et aux sermons. Dieu, affligé par les péchés mortels, s’adresse aux hommes par l’intermédiaire du foudre qui est la représentation de la foudre. Il symbolise la puissance de Dieu et sert à faire peur afin d’éviter aux hommes de commettre des péchés. L’auteur utilise indifféremment  le foudre pour la foudre, mais cela implique une érudition qui fait référence à Jupiter armé dufoudre le portant dans ses serres. Ce feu du ciel effraie et fait trembler tout en inspirant le respect de la Toute-puissance. La foudre n’est pas encore considérée comme un phénomène naturel, mais elle est un châtiment divin. Il faudra attendre le XVIIIe siècle, en effet, pour que la physique se lance dans l’examen de la foudre en tant que telle après la découverte de l’électricité.

  8. Assistant Personal Robot (APR): conception and application of a tele-operated assisted living robot

    OpenAIRE

    Eduard Clotet; Dani Martínez; Javier Moreno; Marcel Tresanchez; Jordi Palacín

    2016-01-01

    This paper presents the technical description, mechanical design, electronic components, software implementation and possible applications of a tele-operated mobile robot designed as an assisted living tool. This robotic concept has been named Assistant Personal Robot (or APR for short) and has been designed as a remotely telecontrolled robotic platform built to provide social and assistive services to elderly people and those with impaired mobility. The APR features a fast hig...

  9. Structuralisme et néoréalisme dans le champ des relations internationales. Le cas de Kenneth Waltz Structuralism and new realism in the field of international relations. The case of Kenneth Waltz

    OpenAIRE

    Alexis Cartonnet

    2011-01-01

    Cet article esquisse un rapprochement entre un courant de pensée politique, le néoréalisme, et une méthode en sciences humaines, le structuralisme. Ce courant et cette méthode ont suivi des trajectoires séparées, de l’après-guerre à la fin des années soixante-dix, jusqu’à ce que Kenneth Waltz croise ces deux problématiques. Après avoir défini respectivement réalisme et structuralisme, cet article établit leur connexion et tente d’éclairer les raisons pour lesquelles ce rapprochement n’avait p...

  10. Fuel assembly design for APR1400 with low CBC

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hah, Chang Joo, E-mail: changhah@kings.ac.kr [Department of NPP Engineering, KEPCO International Nuclear Graduate School, Ulsan (Korea, Republic of)

    2015-04-29

    APR 1400 is a PWR (Pressurized Water Reactor) with rated power of 3983 MWth and 241 assemblies. Recently, demand for extremely longer cycle up to 24 months is increasing with challenge of higher critical boron concentration (CBC). In this paper, assembly design method of selecting Gd-rods is introduced to reduce CBC. The purpose of the method is to lower the critical boron concentration of the preliminary core loading pattern (PLP), and consequently to achieve more negative or less positive moderator temperature coefficient (MTC). In this method, both the ratio of the number of low-Gd rod to the number of high-Gd rod (r) and assembly average Gd wt% (w) are the decision variables. The target function is the amount of soluble boron concentration reduction, which can be converted to Δk{sub TARGET}. A set of new designed fuel assembly satisfies an objective function, min [f=∑{sub i}(Δk{sub FA}−Δk{sub i})], and enables a final loading pattern to reach a target CBC. The constraints required to determine a set of Δk are physically realizable pair, (r,w), and the sum of Δk of new designed assemblies as close to Δk{sub TARGET} as possible. New Gd-bearing assemblies selected based on valid pairs of (r,w) are replaced with existing assemblies in a PLP. This design methodology is applied to Shin-Kori Unit 3 Cycle 1 used as a reference model. CASMO-3/MASTER code is used for depletion calculation. CASMO-3/MASTER calculations with new designed assemblies produce lower CBC than the expected CBC, proving that the proposed method works successful.

  11. Fuel assembly design for APR1400 with low CBC

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hah, Chang Joo

    2015-04-01

    APR 1400 is a PWR (Pressurized Water Reactor) with rated power of 3983 MWth and 241 assemblies. Recently, demand for extremely longer cycle up to 24 months is increasing with challenge of higher critical boron concentration (CBC). In this paper, assembly design method of selecting Gd-rods is introduced to reduce CBC. The purpose of the method is to lower the critical boron concentration of the preliminary core loading pattern (PLP), and consequently to achieve more negative or less positive moderator temperature coefficient (MTC). In this method, both the ratio of the number of low-Gd rod to the number of high-Gd rod (r) and assembly average Gd wt% (w) are the decision variables. The target function is the amount of soluble boron concentration reduction, which can be converted to ΔkTARGET. A set of new designed fuel assembly satisfies an objective function, min [f =∑i (ΔkF A-Δki ) ] , and enables a final loading pattern to reach a target CBC. The constraints required to determine a set of Δk are physically realizable pair, (r,w), and the sum of Δk of new designed assemblies as close to ΔkTARGET as possible. New Gd-bearing assemblies selected based on valid pairs of (r,w) are replaced with existing assemblies in a PLP. This design methodology is applied to Shin-Kori Unit 3 Cycle 1 used as a reference model. CASMO-3/MASTER code is used for depletion calculation. CASMO-3/MASTER calculations with new designed assemblies produce lower CBC than the expected CBC, proving that the proposed method works successful.

  12. Tumelo le Moruo

    OpenAIRE

    Vuyani S. Vellem

    2015-01-01

    Paleng ya rona batho ba batsho, tumelo ya boKreste e fihlile lefatsheng la rona la Afrika Borwa mmoho le dikgoka tsa ditjhaba tsa boPhirima. BoKreste bo fihlile ka nako ya dintwa tseo mohopolo wa tsona e neng e le ho hapa lefatshe la, batho ba batsho. Ka mantswe amang, rona batho ba batsho, re ile ra qetella re le setjhaba se ileng sa hlolwa, mme lefatshe la rona la nkuwa ka dikgoka. Ka hare ho dikgoka tsena, ho ne ho dutse tumelo ya boKreste. Makgowa a ile are: �A re kwaleng mahlo re rapelen...

  13. After Arizona: Military Musicians in the Second World War Après Arizona: les musiciens dans la marine américaine pendant la Seconde Guerre mondiale

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosemary Peters

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Cet article traite du rôle des musiciens dans la marine américaine pendant la Seconde Guerre mondiale. L’histoire de l’USS Arizona — et de son orchestre, noyé avec le cuirassé lors de l’attaque surprise des forces japonaises — étant bien connue, je m’appuie sur cet exemple comme point de départ afin de contextualiser la situation des musiciens militaires après les événements de Pearl Harbor, en décembre 1941. Dans le sillage de ce grand moment de l’Histoire, j’évoque ici des histoires à une autre échelle, celle de la « micro-histoire »— celle d’un militaire seul au milieu d’autres militaires. À travers les lettres échangées entre des recrues ayant suivi ensemble la même formation, je trace ici leurs expériences de guerre en tant qu’artistes, ainsi que les divers conflits pratiques et idéologiques qui se manifestent dans la tension entre l’art musical et l’art martial.

  14. Dans le ventre du Léviathan. La science du droit constitutionnel sous le national-socialisme

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael Stolleis

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available Dans cet article Michael Stolleis s’intéresse au devenir de la science du droit constitutionnel sous le régime national-socialiste. L’intérêt de la question dépasse la simple curiosité historique, car elle concerne une discipline de la science juridique centrale à tout État démocratique. Partant des attaques contre le positivisme juridique qui émergent au cours de la République de Weimar, l’article s’ouvre sur une typologie des groupes qui constituent l’Union des professeurs de droit public. Stolleis montre l’affaiblissement progressif des « positivistes » à la faveur des groupes à l’idéologie plus autoritaire et antidémocratique. Cette première typologie des forces en présence permet ensuite d’analyser plus finement les différentes attitudes face à la mise en place du régime national-socialiste – allant de l’émigration (extérieure ou intérieure à la collaboration, en passant par le retrait vers des domaines de la pensée juridique moins directement exposés politiquement. S’intéressant au destin de la discipline plutôt qu’aux devenirs individuels, Stolleis constate l’effacement progressif du droit constitutionnel face à un pouvoir n’acceptant aucune contrainte, aucune restriction. Au point que le silence des représentants de cette discipline semble total après 1938. Enfin, l’article se conclut sur un appel à l’étude historique de la période, d’autant plus nécessaire que l’immédiat après-guerre fut marqué par l’occultation des faits et la volonté de laisser le passé être le passé.

  15. Identification dynamique de robots avec un modèle de frottement sec fonction de la charge et de la vitesse

    OpenAIRE

    Hamon, Pauline; Gautier, Maxime; Garrec, P.

    2010-01-01

    International audience; En robotique, les pertes dans la chaine d'actionnement articulaire des robots sont généralement prises en compte dans le modèle dynamique par un effort de frottement visqueux proportionnel à la vitesse et par un effort constant de frottement sec. Pourtant, d'après la loi de Coulomb, le frottement sec de glissement varie avec les efforts de contact dans les éléments de transmission. Ainsi, cet effet est à prendre en compte pour les systèmes mécaniques soumis à de fortes...

  16. Effets de l'ingestion de plombs de chasse sur le comportement alimentaire et la condition corporelle du canard colvert (Anas platyrhynchos)

    OpenAIRE

    Duranel, Arnaud

    1999-01-01

    Effects of lead shot ingestion on intake rate and body condition in mallard (Anas plathyrhynchos); Après avoir fait la synthèse des connaissances sur le saturnisme chez les Anatidés et rappelé l'importance de la compétitivité, notamment en terme de recherche alimentaire et de condition corporelle, pour la survie et le succès reproducteur d'un individu en milieu naturel, l'auteur décrit les effets de l'ingestion d'un faible nombre de plombs de chasse chez le Canard colvert. Il montre que la vi...

  17. Le genre et le logiciel libre

    OpenAIRE

    Archambault, Jean-Pierre; Sedooka, Ayuko; Baron, Georges-Louis

    2010-01-01

    Le texte qui suit est fondé sur l'expérience d'une recherche menée sur les femmes et le logiciel libre depuis la fin 2009 auprès de la communauté des acteurs du libre en France. Il ne s'agit pas d'un texte scientifique à proprement parler mais d'une réflexion étayée par une série de contacts et de discussions avec des militants et des praticiens, qui vise à inciter à la discussion et au débat. Il est également fondé sur les résultats d'une enquête quantitative du projet européen PREDIL, port...

  18. Le corps chinois

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    Pour le xviiie siècle, le corps est encore une machine harmonique. Cette harmonie, c’est tout à la fois la marque divine à l’intérieur du corps, une loi de nature qui permet d’atteindre au bonheur, et une manière de définir l’état de santé. Le corps semble un appareillage soumis à des lois physiques : l’horloge, la fontaine et particulièrement l’instrument de musique. On trouve cette dernière image dans Bacon, en 1639, pour qui la Nature donne des tempéraments pour le corps, « comme la parfai...

  19. Le Jardin de Fleur

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Ettevõtja Martin Reinsalu osalusel Marokosse kerkiv kuurortide kompleks Le Jardin de Fleur tunnistati CNBC Araabiamaade kinnisvaraarendusprojektide seas Maroko parimaks arendusprojektiks ning parimaks golfiarenduskeskuseks. Projekt toetub araabia arhitektuurile, mida on kombineeritud kaasaegse maroko disainiga

  20. Le pique-nique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Cet ouvrage collectif dirigé par Francine Barthe-Deloizy est le résultat d’une démarche collective (24 auteurs associant des apports impromptus (appelés ici florilèges à un corpus thématique, fruit d’une recherche entreprise dans le cadre d’un atelier organisé par l’Institut Français des Recherches Iraniennes (IFRI, les services d’actions culturelles de l’ambassade de France en Iran et le laboratoire ENEC de l’Université Paris 4 Sorbonne. Le livre entreprend la généalogie d’une pratique qu...

  1. Le deuil des conjoints après un cancer : entre évaluation et expérience subjective

    OpenAIRE

    Fasse, Léonor,

    2013-01-01

    In 2011, in France, more than 147 525 men and women died through cancer. This disease doesn’t affect only the oldest: 41 000 untimely deaths, before 65 years, are caused by cancer (FRANCIM, InVS, CIRC). All these persons were supposed to live with a partner. Faced with the patient’s death, more or less sustainable psychological, physical or social upheavals will affect the spouse.The cancer patient’s relatives and family constitute one of the patient’s main sources of support throughout the d...

  2. The laser and its uses: 50 years after its invention; Le laser et ses applications: 50 ans apres son invention

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Besnard, P. [FOTON/ENSSAT, CNRS, 22 - Lannion (France); Favennec, P.N. [APAST, 22 - Lannion (France)

    2011-07-01

    The laser, 50 years after its invention, has become a major player in modern technologies with its efficient partner the optical fiber. This book reviews the numerous applications of laser in diverse fields such as telecommunication, metrology, optical radar, surface treatment, medicine. The last chapter is dedicated to inertial fusion through the presentation of the Megajoule laser (LMJ) project

  3. Mars 2012 : Un an après Fukushima, le Japon entre catastrophes et résilience

    OpenAIRE

    Sabouret, Jean-François

    2012-01-01

    The earthquake and tsunami that struck Japan on March 11, causing the death or disappearance of more than 19,000 people, have unveiled a large social crisis that was waiting to spread like wild fire: the crises of employment, technological innovation, competitiveness, birth, abandonment of the elderly, confidence in the world of politics and medial officials. However, will Japan's big companies and finance remember what they owe to the Japanese people, who have been working since 1945, people...

  4. Le papillon tête-de-Janus: a propos de sémantique structurale, quarante ans aprês

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eric Landowski

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available Semântica estrutural, o primeiro livro de Greimas, é de longa data, na semiótica, um « clássico », ou dito de outro modo um desses monumentos que se olha com respeito, mas geralmente de longe. No entanto, o seu interesse não se restringe ao aspecto histórico. Hoje ainda, a fecundidade da semiótica « greimasiana »,mas também a maioria das dificuldades que lhe são inerentes resultam de três opções fundamentais formuladas nesse livro : escolha em favor de uma teoria gerativa, baseamento da problemática da significação na gramativa da narratividade, papel essencial atribuído à percepção como fundamento da apreensão da significação. Explicitando os problemas que colocam essas escolhas e as perspectivas que elas abrem , o artigo acaba por situar umas em relação às outras as múltiplas tendências atuais da pesquisa, desde a semiótica « standard » até à semiótica do « sensível ».

  5. Storicizzare le teorie psicocritiche

    OpenAIRE

    Roberto Talamo

    2015-01-01

    Le teorie psicoanalitiche della letteratura, dopo una fase di alterne fortune, sono oggi praticate da una cerchia di adepti sempre più ristretta. Le nuove koinè critico-teoriche tendono infatti a relegare la dottrina freudiana all’interno di un sapere letterario (e non interpretativo) o a sostituire ad essa strumenti ritenuti più efficaci nella descrizione della sfera del mentale in letteratura (neuroestetica e neuronarratologia). La proposta storiografica che qui si avanza non vuole prendere...

  6. Vivre à domicile, deux ans après un AVC : Etude auprès des patients et des aidants du Luxembourg.

    OpenAIRE

    Baumann, Michèle

    2012-01-01

    Au Luxembourg, une recherche pluridisciplinaire a été réalisée auprès de 797 personnes victimes d’un accident vasculaire cérébral (AVC). Une enquête nationale a été menée comportant un volet épidémiologique effectué par le CRP-Santé, qui a rassemblé des données médico-administratives et des données cliniques issues des dossiers d’hospitalisation, et un volet de sociologie médicale par l’Université qui a interrogé 94 patients vivant au domicile, deux après la survenue de l’AVC, et leurs 62 aid...

  7. Le faussaire roman

    CERN Document Server

    D'Anna, Gianfranco

    2016-01-01

    À l'aube du XXIe siècle, le monde de la science est sur le point de vivre une révolution. Le jeune physicien allemand Albert Hendrick Thebell, des célèbres laboratoires de recherche B-Labs, à Summit, dans le New Jersey, publie, dans les plus grandes revues scientifiques internationales, une série d'articles dans lesquels il prétend avoir obtenu des résultats extraordinaires qui pourraient révolutionner les bases mêmes de la technologie. Rapidement, la communauté scientifique puis les médias saluent en lui un futur prix Nobel; on compare même son génie à celui d'Albert Einstein. Le progrès scientifique semble avoir franchi une étape décisive, susceptible d'amener un futur meilleur. Mais ces découvertes sont-elles authentiques ? Car pendant ce temps, dans les mêmeslaboratoires, des voix s'élèvent pour contester non seulement les théories de Thebell mais aussi la légitimité même de ses expériences ; certains le soupçonnent d'avoir combiné la plus grande fraude scientifique de tous l...

  8. A Multivariate Comparison of Elderly African Americans and Caucasians Voting Behavior: How Do Social, Health, Psychological, and Political Variables Effect Their Voting?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bazargan, Mohsen; And Others

    1991-01-01

    Used data from Aging in the Eighties national survey to examine impact of health rating and life satisfaction as well as other socio-psychological characteristics on voting turnout among elderly Caucasian and African Americans. For Caucasians, self-assessment of health was significantly related to voting behavior; whereas among African Americans,…

  9. Class Is Not Dead! It Has Been Buried Alive : Class Voting and Cultural Voting in Postwar Western Societies (1956-1990)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    P.H.J. Achterberg (Peter); D. Houtman (Dick); J. van der Waal (Jeroen)

    2007-01-01

    textabstractBy means of a reanalysis of the most relevant data source—the International Social Mobility and Politics File—this article criticizes the newly grown consensus in political sociology that class voting has declined since World War II. An increase in crosscutting cultural voting, rooted in

  10. Do Online Voting Patterns Reflect Evolved Features of Human Cognition? An Exploratory Empirical Investigation.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Priestley

    Full Text Available Online votes or ratings can assist internet users in evaluating the credibility and appeal of the information which they encounter. For example, aggregator websites such as Reddit allow users to up-vote submitted content to make it more prominent, and down-vote content to make it less prominent. Here we argue that decisions over what to up- or down-vote may be guided by evolved features of human cognition. We predict that internet users should be more likely to up-vote content that others have also up-voted (social influence, content that has been submitted by particularly liked or respected users (model-based bias, content that constitutes evolutionarily salient or relevant information (content bias, and content that follows group norms and, in particular, prosocial norms. 489 respondents from the online social voting community Reddit rated the extent to which they felt different traits influenced their voting. Statistical analyses confirmed that norm-following and prosociality, as well as various content biases such as emotional content and originality, were rated as important motivators of voting. Social influence had a smaller effect than expected, while attitudes towards the submitter had little effect. This exploratory empirical investigation suggests that online voting communities can provide an important test-bed for evolutionary theories of human social information use, and that evolved features of human cognition may guide online behaviour just as it guides behaviour in the offline world.

  11. Voting by Hands Promotes Institutionalised Monitoring in Indirect Reciprocity

    CERN Document Server

    Nakamura, Mitsuhiro

    2016-01-01

    Indirect reciprocity based on reputation is a leading mechanism driving human cooperation, where monitoring of behaviour and sharing reputation-related information are crucial. Because collecting information is costly, a tragedy of the commons can arise, with some individuals free-riding on information supplied by others. This can be overcome by organising monitors that aggregate information, supported by fees from their information users. We analyse a co-evolutionary model of individuals playing a social dilemma game and monitors watching them; monitors provide information and players vote for a more beneficial monitor. We find that (1) monitors that simply rate defection badly cannot stabilise cooperation---they have to overlook defection against ill-reputed players; (2) such overlooking monitors can stabilise cooperation if players vote for monitors rather than to change their own strategy; (3) STERN monitors, who rate cooperation with ill-reputed players badly, stabilise cooperation more easily than MILD ...

  12. Electronic Voting Protocol Using Identity-Based Cryptography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gallegos-Garcia, Gina; Tapia-Recillas, Horacio

    2015-01-01

    Electronic voting protocols proposed to date meet their properties based on Public Key Cryptography (PKC), which offers high flexibility through key agreement protocols and authentication mechanisms. However, when PKC is used, it is necessary to implement Certification Authority (CA) to provide certificates which bind public keys to entities and enable verification of such public key bindings. Consequently, the components of the protocol increase notably. An alternative is to use Identity-Based Encryption (IBE). With this kind of cryptography, it is possible to have all the benefits offered by PKC, without neither the need of certificates nor all the core components of a Public Key Infrastructure (PKI). Considering the aforementioned, in this paper we propose an electronic voting protocol, which meets the privacy and robustness properties by using bilinear maps.

  13. E-Voting Solutions for Digital Democracy in Knowledge Society

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marian STOICA

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Emergent technologies specific to current information and knowledge society, and social networks influence every aspect of our existence, from lucrative activities to recreational ones. There is no part of our life that is not influenced by the explosive development of general information and communication technologies. We witness a spectacular and until recently unimagined metamorphoses of work nature, business process reengineering, controversial evolution of social networks and new directions of electronic government. Over this background of changes, we take on the tasks of deepening the understanding of field that is largely unexplored, namely the electronic vote in digital democracy, without taking any side, pro or against this type of casting our electoral options. The current context encompasses technological, legislative, political, economic and social aspects. Even more, the context of electronic voting in digital democracy involves aspects regarding globalization, technical challenges concerning interoperability, data standardization and security.

  14. Electronic Voting Protocol Using Identity-Based Cryptography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gallegos-Garcia, Gina; Tapia-Recillas, Horacio

    2015-01-01

    Electronic voting protocols proposed to date meet their properties based on Public Key Cryptography (PKC), which offers high flexibility through key agreement protocols and authentication mechanisms. However, when PKC is used, it is necessary to implement Certification Authority (CA) to provide certificates which bind public keys to entities and enable verification of such public key bindings. Consequently, the components of the protocol increase notably. An alternative is to use Identity-Based Encryption (IBE). With this kind of cryptography, it is possible to have all the benefits offered by PKC, without neither the need of certificates nor all the core components of a Public Key Infrastructure (PKI). Considering the aforementioned, in this paper we propose an electronic voting protocol, which meets the privacy and robustness properties by using bilinear maps. PMID:26090515

  15. Electronic Voting Protocol Using Identity-Based Cryptography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gina Gallegos-Garcia

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Electronic voting protocols proposed to date meet their properties based on Public Key Cryptography (PKC, which offers high flexibility through key agreement protocols and authentication mechanisms. However, when PKC is used, it is necessary to implement Certification Authority (CA to provide certificates which bind public keys to entities and enable verification of such public key bindings. Consequently, the components of the protocol increase notably. An alternative is to use Identity-Based Encryption (IBE. With this kind of cryptography, it is possible to have all the benefits offered by PKC, without neither the need of certificates nor all the core components of a Public Key Infrastructure (PKI. Considering the aforementioned, in this paper we propose an electronic voting protocol, which meets the privacy and robustness properties by using bilinear maps.

  16. Voting over Selective Immigration Policies with Immigration Aversion

    OpenAIRE

    Russo, Giuseppe

    2008-01-01

    The claim that "skilled immigration is welcome" is often associated to the increasing adoption of selective immigration policies. I study the voting over differentiated immigration policies in a two-country, three-factor general equilibrium model where there exist skilled and unskilled workers, migration decisions are endogenous, enforcing immigration restriction is costly, and natives dislike unskilled immigration. According to my findings, decisions over border closure are made to protect t...

  17. E-Voting and Forensics: Prying Open the Black Box

    OpenAIRE

    Bishop, M.; Peisert, Sean; Hoke, S. Candice; Graff, Mark; Jefferson, David

    2009-01-01

    Over the past six years, the nation has moved rapidly from punch cards and levers to electronic voting systems. These new systems have occasionally presented election officials with puzzling technical irregularities. The national experience has included unexpected and unexplained incidents in each phase of the election process: preparations, balloting, tabulation, and reporting results. Quick technical or managerial assessment can often identify the cause of the problem, leading to a simple ...

  18. Le fan-club des Beatles : une communauté imaginaire ?

    OpenAIRE

    Ambroise, Jean-Charles; Bart, Christian Le

    2015-01-01

    Trente ans après leur séparation, les Beatles passionnent toujours. L’engouement de générations successives pour « le plus grand groupe de l’histoire du rock » n’a été entamé ni par l’éclatement de celui-ci (1970), ni par l’assassinat de sa figure la plus charismatique (John Lennon en 1980), ni par le vieillissement des trois survivants, jadis adolescents « dans le vent », aujourd’hui proches de la soixantaine. Si l’on s’en tient au seul contexte français, il existe deux fan-clubs (ce qui est...

  19. Michel Gondry, L’épine dans le cœur

    OpenAIRE

    Courant, Stéphane

    2013-01-01

    Après les films, les clips vidéo et les spots de publicités, Michel Gondry ajoute une corde à son arc avec la réalisation d’un documentaire. Au premier abord loin de l’univers délirant de ses précédentes productions, L’épine dans le cœur nous fait découvrir Suzette Gondry, institutrice à la retraite et tante du réalisateur. Comme le confie Gondry « une des raisons qui m’ont poussé à enregistrer l’histoire de Suzette est, que dans ces montagnes du Cévenol, elle a marché le long d’un chemin tra...

  20. LE RAPPORT JURIDIQUE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicolae Popa

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Lele du droit en tant qu’organisateur de la vie sociale, dans ses principales relations, ayant comme but de discipliner la conduite des hommes dans leur intersection quotidienne, est tout d’abord relevé – sur le plan abstrait et théorique – par les traits du mécanisme de la réglementation juridique, mécanisme dont le contour est tracé par l’existence du systčme normatif juridique, partie composante (sous-systčme du systčme normatif social. Le mécanisme de la réglementation de la vie sociale par des normes juridiques met en lumičre des aspects des plus variés, marquant l’influence du droit sur la société – aspects surtout juridiques, psychologiques etc. En męme temps, toutefois, lele du droit ne peut pas ętre limité tout simplement ŕ cette influence théorique. Dans sa derničre essence, le droit signifie vie, il offre un cadre spécifique ŕ la vie sociale, étant, dans cette lumičre, le résultat de la traduction, dans un langage technique, des formes et des structures de la vie sociale1. En tant qu’expression de certaines tendances, d’un certain systčme de valeurs, la loi garantit l’ordre, la stabilité sociale, la sécurité juridique. En pénétrant dans le tissu des rapports interhumains, les aspects sociologiques du mécanisme de la réglementation juridique ne peuvent pas échapper ŕ l’analyse. L’étude des rapports juridiques souligne tout justement ces aspects sociologiques, les rapports de droit étant, avant tout, des rapports sociaux, dans lesquels les hommes entrent afin de satisfaire leurs besoins variés, des rapports de coopération et de coexistence.

  1. Strategic Voting in Heterogeneous Electorates: An Experimental Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelo Tyszler

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available We study strategic voting in a setting where voters choose from three options and Condorcet cycles may occur. We introduce in the electorate heterogeneity in preference intensity by allowing voters to differ in the extent to which they value the three options. Three information conditions are tested: uninformed, in which voters know only their own preference ordering and the own benefits from each option; aggregate information, in which in addition they know the aggregate realized distribution of the preference orderings and full information, in which they also know how the relative importance attributed to the options are distributed within the electorate. As a general result, heterogeneity seems to decrease the level of strategic voting in our experiment compared to the homogenous preference case that we study in a companion paper. Both theoretically and empirically (with data collected in a laboratory experiment, the main comparative static results obtained for the homogenous case carry over to the present setting with preference heterogeneity. Moreover, information about the realized aggregate distribution of preferences seems to be the element that best explains observed differences in voting behavior. Additional information about the realized distribution of preference intensity does not yield significant further changes.

  2. Robustness of public choice models of voting behavior

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mihai UNGUREANU

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Modern economics modeling practice involves highly unrealistic assumptions. Since testing such models is not always an easy enterprise, researchers face the problem of determining whether a result is dependent (or not on the unrealistic details of the model. A solution for this problem is conducting robustness analysis. In its classical form, robustness analysis is a non-empirical method of confirmation – it raises our trust in a given result by implying it with from several different models. In this paper I argue that robustness analysis could be thought as a method of post-empirical failure. This form of robustness analysis involves assigning guilt for the empirical failure to a certain part of the model. Starting from this notion of robustness, I analyze a case of empirical failure from public choice theory or the economic approach of politics. Using the fundamental methodological principles of neoclassical economics, the first model of voting behavior implied that almost no one would vote. This was clearly an empirical failure. Public choice scholars faced the problem of either restraining the domain of their discipline or giving up to some of their neoclassical methodological features. The second solution was chosen and several different models of voting behavior were built. I will treat these models as a case for performing robustness analysis and I will determine which assumption from the original model is guilty for the empirical failure.

  3. Do authoritarians vote for authoritarians? Evidence from Latin America

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mollie J. Cohen

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available During the 2016 presidential election campaign in the United States, scholars argued that authoritarian visions of the family are associated with support for Donald Trump, a candidate also noted to exhibit authoritarian or illiberal tendencies. Though it is plausible that “authoritarian” citizens (defined by parenting attitudes vote for “authoritarian” candidates (defined by disrespect for democratic institutions, past research provides relatively little guide regarding this relationship. One reason is that few US candidates announce overtly authoritarian views. Latin America, by contrast, has had many such candidates. We take advantage of this variation using the 2012 AmericasBarometer, which applied a battery of authoritarian parenting attitudes. We first describe mass authoritarianism across Latin America, showing it is associated with many social attitudes. We then examine authoritarians’ voting behavior, distinguishing between support for “mano dura” (“strong arm” candidates, who are usually rightists, and for candidates threatening violations of general civil liberties, who are often leftists in Latin America. We find that authoritarians tend to vote for right-wing authoritarian candidates, while authoritarianism boosts support for candidates threatening civil liberty violations only among citizens identifying on the ideological right. Education is the most consistent determinant reducing support for both leftist and rightist authoritarian candidates.

  4. Voting strategy for artifact reduction in digital breast tomosynthesis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Tao; Moore, Richard H; Kopans, Daniel B

    2006-07-01

    Artifacts are observed in digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) reconstructions due to the small number of projections and the narrow angular range that are typically employed in tomosynthesis imaging. In this work, we investigate the reconstruction artifacts that are caused by high-attenuation features in breast and develop several artifact reduction methods based on a "voting strategy." The voting strategy identifies the projection(s) that would introduce artifacts to a voxel and rejects the projection(s) when reconstructing the voxel. Four approaches to the voting strategy were compared, including projection segmentation, maximum contribution deduction, one-step classification, and iterative classification. The projection segmentation method, based on segmentation of high-attenuation features from the projections, effectively reduces artifacts caused by metal and large calcifications that can be reliably detected and segmented from projections. The other three methods are based on the observation that contributions from artifact-inducing projections have higher value than those from normal projections. These methods attempt to identify the projection(s) that would cause artifacts by comparing contributions from different projections. Among the three methods, the iterative classification method provides the best artifact reduction; however, it can generate many false positive classifications that degrade the image quality. The maximum contribution deduction method and one-step classification method both reduce artifacts well from small calcifications, although the performance of artifact reduction is slightly better with the one-step classification. The combination of one-step classification and projection segmentation removes artifacts from both large and small calcifications.

  5. Voting Patterns on Hungarian Parliamentary Elections in 2002–2006

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barnabás Rácz

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available In the post–communist transitional era, Hungarian elections show diverse results among various areas, raising the question if there are firmly embedded differences between some parts of the country. In the light of the election returns between 1985–2006, it appears that there is a more or less definite pattern. This study will examine the 2006 legislative returns and compare the results with the previous trends and especially the 2002 data, testing the validity of the findings indicating the presence of some fairly constant regional standards of voting. As a main indicator of past trends we use mostly the territorial (party lists which provide more accurate picture of voting preferences that individual districts which in runoffs carry an indirect distortion of voters’ primary preferences by other considerations.2 For a deeper analysis of the recent 2002 and 2006 elections, we will compare the first run individual district voting outcomes, as they give the more accurate picture of the voters’ real preferences.

  6. La politique éducative de l’Espagne dans le Nord du Maroc pendant la période du Protectorat (1912-1956

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irene González González

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Après l’instauration du Protectorat, l’administration coloniale espagnole met en place un système éducatif diversifié destiné d’une part aux enfants de familles espagnoles qui commencent à s’établir dans le Protectorat et, d’autre part, à la population marocaine de confession musulmane et hébraïque. Les autorités coloniales conçoivent l’enseignement pour la population marocaine comme un moyen d’exercer un contrôle politique et social aussi bien sur la population que sur le territoire. Lele de l’école comme instrument colonial sera renforcé à partir des années d’instabilité politico-militaire (1912-1927 par le modèle éducatif hispano-arabe qui suivait l’initiative française implantée dans sa colonie algérienne (moitié du xixe siècle. Le gouvernement franquiste transforma le modèle éducatif hispano-arabe en modèle éducatif marocain à travers un processus de marocanisation de l’enseignement, des matières, de la langue et des enseignants.

  7. Le modèle basque

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan-Angel PORTUGAL

    1986-12-01

    Full Text Available À l'intérieur du quadrilatère basque se dessine un sous-espace triangulaire dont les sommets sont les capitales provinciales; les côtés délimitent une aire prospère. La localisation de ces trois noyaux résulte d'une décision politico-économique et d'une diffusion de l'industrialisation. Ce triangle est un espace dynamique et attractif, autant dans le domaine de la démographie que du développement économique et industriel.

  8. Claudie Haignere a presente le lundi 5 mai 2003 la candidature de la France a l'implantation d'ITER a Philippe Busquin, commissaire europeen a la Recherche

    CERN Multimedia

    2003-01-01

    Claudie Haignere a precise les assurances et les engagements de la France, notamment sur le plan financier, en rappelant les montants sur lesquels les collectivites locales se sont deja engagees par des votes, a la hauteur de 447 M d'euros.

  9. Tumelo le Moruo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vuyani S. Vellem

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Paleng ya rona batho ba batsho, tumelo ya boKreste e fihlile lefatsheng la rona la Afrika Borwa mmoho le dikgoka tsa ditjhaba tsa boPhirima. BoKreste bo fihlile ka nako ya dintwa tseo mohopolo wa tsona e neng e le ho hapa lefatshe la, batho ba batsho. Ka mantswe amang, rona batho ba batsho, re ile ra qetella re le setjhaba se ileng sa hlolwa, mme lefatshe la rona la nkuwa ka dikgoka. Ka hare ho dikgoka tsena, ho ne ho dutse tumelo ya boKreste. Makgowa a ile are: �A re kwaleng mahlo re rapeleng, rona ra kwala mahlo, mme ha re qeta hore Amen, re bula mahlo, ra fumana lefatshe le nkuwe matsohong a rona ho setse Bibele.� Re ile ra sala le Bibele eo ka yona re lekileng dilemong tse fitileng ho lwana ntwa ya topollo, kapa tokoloho hofihlela selemong sa 1994. Le ha re ile ra fumana tokoloho ka selemo seo, hare so ka re lokoloha ho tsa moruo. E kaba sena se bolela eng mabapi le tumelo ya rona ya boKreste? Segolweng sena re leka ho araba potso ena. Tumelo ke eng ho batho ba sa lokolohang moruong wa naha ya bona? Re lekola pale ya boKreste, tumelo ya batho le maemo a kereke ntlheng ya ho tadimana le tokoloho ka tumelo.Faith and economics. In our history from a black perspective, Christianity arrived through violent conquest from the west. Evidentially, this faith coincided with wars of dispossession and the ultimate defeat of black Africans. It is difficult to separate the violent defeat of black Africans from the arrival of Christian faith. This well-known statement within the circles of black Theology of liberation: When the white man arrived in our land he said, �let us pray and after prayer, when we opened our eyes, our land was taken and only the Bible was left in our hands,� captures the black sentiment of this history. Ironically, it was this Bible that black Africans used to wage their struggle for liberation up to the demise of apartheid in 1994.Nonetheless, political liberation is not enough as the struggle for economic liberation

  10. Challenges amp Solutions Of Adoption In Regards To Phone-Based Remote E-Voting

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hermann Ken Jamnadas

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Remote Voting Systems has not been universally adopted by most countries for their elections such as in the case of Fiji. Although mobile phones are quite prevalent around the world and the amount of smart phones sold is increasing at a rapid rate there have not been many elections which have capitalized on the use of Mobile Phones as a remote voting tool. This paper is a limited review of previous papers on remote voting systems. The aim was to study challenges of adoption of remote e-voting systems such as through a mobile phone and suggest innovative solutions to those challenges. As such we propose a combination of new policy solutions and technical solutions such as the use of QR code and checksum for vote verification the use of real time facial recognition systems and the leveraging of existing mobile hardware to ensure a secure anonymous and trustworthy remote voting system like it has never been before.

  11. Indigenous Adoption of Internet Voting: A Case Study of Whitefish River First Nation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chelsea Gabel

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Indigenous communities and organizations are increasingly using digital technologies to build community capacity, strengthen community consultation, and improve political participation. In particular, Internet voting is a type of technology to which First Nations have been drawn. This article explores Whitefish River First Nation's (WRFN experience introducing Internet voting in the course of ratifying a new matrimonial real property law (MRP. Specifically, we examine the implications of Internet voting for political participation and electoral administration at the community level. Although community members’ uptake of Internet voting was very modest, we find the experience of adoption had other subtle impacts on community capacity, specifically in terms of empowering the community to pass its own laws and connecting youth and elders. With respect to administration, Internet voting provided an opportunity to connect with community members using technology, to modernize voting processes, and to better accommodate community members needs.

  12. When votes depend on who's listening: Voters' intragroup status and voting procedure predict representative endorsement in intergroup contexts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teixeira, Catia P; Demoulin, Stephanie; Yzerbyt, Vincent

    2015-12-01

    Three experiments investigated whether the selection of a representative in intergroup interdependence settings can reflect group members' strategic behaviour. We tested the impact of an individual's intragroup status (normative vs. pro-out-group deviant, Experiments 1-3) and of voting procedure (Experiments 2 and 3) on the choice of an in-group representative. Experiment 1 shows that normative members prefer normative representatives, whereas pro-out-group deviant members equally like normative and pro-out-group deviant representatives. Experiment 2 extends these results and shows that voting procedure (private vs. in-group audience) moderates this effect. Pro-out-group deviant members' preferences and behaviours appear more strategic and context-sensitive than normative ones. Specifically, pro-out-group deviants vote more for normative representatives than for pro-out-group deviants when facing an in-group audience, whereas the reverse pattern emerges in private. Experiment 3 shows that this moderation effect is specific to in-group audiences compared to out-group ones, reinforcing the idea that normative members 'stick to their guns'. Implications of these findings for leader endorsement and intergroup relations are discussed.

  13. Looking at Ankara from Strasbourg: An Empirical Assessment of MEPs' Voting on and Framing of Turkey

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    this article examines the way in which the Members of the European Parliament (MEPS) frame Turkey and how this affects their voting stance towards Ankara in the parliamentary debates. Recent studies (Baldwin and Widgrén 2005; Braghiroli 2012; Canan-Sokullu 2011) have demonstrated that the debate on Turkey’s European Union (EU) membership produces a very divisive impact on the voting dynamics and voting alignments in the European Parliament (EP) in the light of its nationa...

  14. Elections: DOD Can Strengthen Evaluation of Its Absentee Voting Assistance Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-01

    permitted to cast ballots through an electronic voting system. Initially, the project was to be carried out in the general election for federal office in...results- oriented plan for future electronic voting programs. (GAO, 2007) Partially implemented: To date, FVAP has developed some high-level tasks and...demonstration project under which absent uniformed services voters are permitted to cast ballots through an electronic voting system. Initially, the

  15. Another Security Improvement over the Lin et al.'s E-voting Scheme

    Science.gov (United States)

    Asaar, Maryam Rajabzadeh; Mohajeri, Javad; Salmasizadeh, Mahmoud

    In 2003, Lin et al. have proposed an electronic voting scheme which can be utilized in large-scale elections, and claimed it detects double voting. But in this paper, by presenting an attack, we show that voters can successfully vote more than once without being detected. Hence, we propose a new modified scheme based on the Lin et al.'s scheme with the same efficiency to solve this weakness and analyze its security.

  16. A Secure Anonymous Internet Electronic Voting Scheme Based on the Polynomial

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CAO Feng; CAO Zhenfu

    2006-01-01

    In this paper, we use the polynomial function and Chaum's RSA (Rivest, Shamir, Adleman) blind signature scheme to construct a secure anonymous internet electronic voting scheme. In our scheme, each vote does not need to be revealed in the tallying phase. The ballot number of each candidate gets is counted by computing the degrees of two polynomials' greatest common divisor. Our scheme does not require a special voting channel and communication can occur entirely over the current internet.

  17. Le Nouveau Monde

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alain Musset

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available L’histoire de la conquête du Nouveau Monde par les Européens semble devoir se résumer au destin de deux femmes chargées d’assurer le truchement entre les deux mondes et de jouer lele d’intermédiaire amoureuse ou de grande traîtresse : au Nord, Pocahontas, au Sud, La Malinche. Quand Cortés débarque en 1519 sur les côtes du Tabasco, un cacique désireux de lui plaire lui offre vingt femmes dont une superbe jeune fille, Malintzin (la Malinche, rebaptisée Marina. Celle-ci deviendra sa maîtres...

  18. Storicizzare le teorie psicocritiche

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Talamo

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Le teorie psicoanalitiche della letteratura, dopo una fase di alterne fortune, sono oggi praticate da una cerchia di adepti sempre più ristretta. Le nuove koinè critico-teoriche tendono infatti a relegare la dottrina freudiana all’interno di un sapere letterario (e non interpretativo o a sostituire ad essa strumenti ritenuti più efficaci nella descrizione della sfera del mentale in letteratura (neuroestetica e neuronarratologia. La proposta storiografica che qui si avanza non vuole prendere parte in questo dibattito pro o contro la psicocritica, ma vuole leggere le proposte di teoria psicoanalitica della letteratura alla luce di una riflessione sul concetto di ibridazione, concetto sul quale queste teorie hanno costruito il loro confronto con i paradigmi teorici di volta in volta egemoni.

  19. Evaluation du matériel pour les obturations des restaurations préventives, avant et après un stress mécanique et thermal, étude in vitro

    OpenAIRE

    Chaskelis, Ivonne

    2014-01-01

    Le but de cette étude in vitro a été d’évaluer l’adaptation marginale de trois résines différentes utilisées pour le traitement des cavités minimales. 30 molaires humaines supérieures, désignées de façon randomisée, divisées en 3 groupes expérimentaux ont été soumises à des charges mécaniques et thermiques après avoir été obturées par 3 matériaux différents (groupe 1 : Optibond® FL + Optibond® FL, groupe 2 : Optibond® FL + premise® Flow, groupe 3 : Optibond® FL + Premise®). L’adaptation margi...

  20. Receipt-Free K-out-of-L Voting Based on ElGamal Encryption

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hirt, Martin

    We present a K-out-of-L voting scheme, i.e., a voting scheme that allows every voter to vote for (up to) K candidates from a set of L candidates. The scheme is receipt-free, which means that even a malicious voter cannot prove to anybody how he voted. Furthermore, the scheme can be based on any semantically secure homomorphic encryption scheme, in particular also on the modified ElGamal encryption scheme which does not allow for efficient decryption of arbitrary large messages (but is more efficient than Paillier's encryption scheme).

  1. Analysing Vote Counting Algorithms Via Logic - And its Application to the CADE Election Scheme

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schürmann, Carsten; Beckert, Bernhard; Gore, Rejeev

    2013-01-01

    departs from its specification. When we applied our method and system to analyse the vote counting algorithm used for electing the CADE Board of Trustees, we found that it strictly differs from the standard definition of Single Transferable Vote (STV). We therefore argue that “STV” is a misnomer......We present a method for using first-order logic to specify the semantics of preferences as used in common vote counting algorithms. We also present a corresponding system that uses Celf linear-logic programs to describe voting algorithms and which generates explicit examples when the algorithm...

  2. Le blue-jean

    OpenAIRE

    Miller, Daniel

    2012-01-01

    Le Blue-jean: pourquoi la technologie vient en dernier. La plupart des personnes pensent que la technique (ou la technologie) correspond à ce qui vient en amont du produit. Dans cet article, Daniel Miller s’intéresse plutôt à des cas dans lesquels l’ordre de la séquence est renversé et où le produit précède, ou initie, en quelque sorte, la technique. L’auteur commence par décrire les techniques d’usure artificielle des blue jeans  : une technique qui vise à copier les effets du port des blue ...

  3. Assistant Personal Robot (APR): Conception and Application of a Tele-Operated Assisted Living Robot.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clotet, Eduard; Martínez, Dani; Moreno, Javier; Tresanchez, Marcel; Palacín, Jordi

    2016-04-28

    This paper presents the technical description, mechanical design, electronic components, software implementation and possible applications of a tele-operated mobile robot designed as an assisted living tool. This robotic concept has been named Assistant Personal Robot (or APR for short) and has been designed as a remotely telecontrolled robotic platform built to provide social and assistive services to elderly people and those with impaired mobility. The APR features a fast high-mobility motion system adapted for tele-operation in plain indoor areas, which incorporates a high-priority collision avoidance procedure. This paper presents the mechanical architecture, electrical fundaments and software implementation required in order to develop the main functionalities of an assistive robot. The APR uses a tablet in order to implement the basic peer-to-peer videoconference and tele-operation control combined with a tactile graphic user interface. The paper also presents the development of some applications proposed in the framework of an assisted living robot.

  4. GOTHIC Simulation of APR1400 Auxiliary Charging Pump room heat up

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ha, Hui-Un; Heo, Sun [KHNP, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

    2014-10-15

    As a part of the Advanced Power Reactor 1400 (APR1400) U. S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission Design Certification (NRC DC) project, we have been investigating Auxiliary Charging Pump (ACP) room heat up. With reference to the design specification of the ACP room, we determined input information and developed a GOTHIC model of the APR1400 ACP room. This calculation model is described herein, and representative results from the calculation are presented as well. The results of the present paper are used to determine the integrity of ACP operating in the accident. APR 1400 GOTHIC model was developed for ACP room heat up calculation. Calculation results confirm that door opening is cooling the room properly. It is found that the difference due to the surface option of heat conductors is insignificant. Based on this result, further studies should be performed to confirm integrity of ACP.

  5. Fabrice d’Almeida, La vie mondaine sous le nazisme

    OpenAIRE

    Rival, Sebastien

    2012-01-01

    La mondanité est un concept rarement mobilisé dans les études historiques, moins encore quand on s’intéresse à la période nazie. Fabrice d’Almeida se propose de combler cette lacune et justifie son entreprise de deux manières. D’une part, il regrette que les historiens aient longtemps passé sous silence cet aspect du nazisme, au prétexte de se préserver, après la Shoah, de toute complaisance à l’égard de ce régime. D’autre part, il inscrit son projet dans le renouveau de l’histoire culturelle...

  6. Algorithmique et contrôle en vision par ordinateur

    OpenAIRE

    Lux, Augustin

    1985-01-01

    Cette thèse traite de la Vision par Ordinateur - VO - et de sa relation avec l'Intelligence Artificielle - IA. Elle est composée de trois parties. La partie I "La Vision par Ordinateur - présentation et réflexions" donne, après une définition des deux domaines, un aperçu des approches théoriques et des réalisations existantes en VO utilisant des concepts de l'IA. Nous développons ensuite notre approche qui intégre 1e concept de structures de contrôle au sens de l'IA dans un système algorithmi...

  7. Spotlight on CERN : le LHC est de retour !

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN video productions

    2009-01-01

    Bienvenue au CCC, la salle de control du CERN, où ce week-end nous avons pu assister au redémarrage du LHC un peu plus d’un an apres son premier lancement le 10 septembre 2008. En effet, dans une ambiance (comment la decrirais tu ?), deux faisceaux de protons ont pu circuler en sens opposés à l’énergie d’injection de 450 GeV. Pour nous parler du redémarrage du LHC, nous recevons aujourd’hui Steve Myers, Directeur des accélérateurs et de la technologie . Nous vous proposons d’abord une bande annonce composee pour ce moment phare pour l’Organisation.

  8. Le système d'information géographique et ses utilisateurs

    CERN Document Server

    Guyot, B

    2004-01-01

    Le CERN est assimilable à un site de type industriel ou à une petite ville, à qui se pose le problème de la diffusion de l'information cartographique. Longtemps la distribution de plans papier fut le seul moyen de diffuser cette information. Après avoir fourni des extraits sur support informatique pour les besoins des projets nécessitant un fond de plan, nous pouvons désormais, par l'utilisation du Système d'Information Géographique (SIG), offrir un moyen de consulter directement les données saisies et de superposer toutes les informations souhaitées. Dans le SIG, les informations graphiques peuvent être liées à des informations alphanumériques permettant une recherche d'objet (par exemple un bâtiment) ou de croiser des informations pour réaliser des études statistiques ou thématiques. La présentation a pour objet de faire le point sur les informations disponibles actuellement et des applications utilisant le SIG. Il sera aussi montré les divers types d'informations existant actuellement ...

  9. Catherine Sauviat et Laurence Lizé, La crise du modèle social américain, Rennes, Presses Universitaires de Rennes, 2010

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Evelyne Thévenard

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Dans cet ouvrage publié juste avant l’adoption par le Congrès américain d’une réforme sociale majeure (le Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, Catherine Sauviat et Laurence Lizé, économistes à l’Institut de recherches économiques et sociales, analysent les facteurs ayant contribué à la dégradation du « modèle social américain » mis en place pendant le New Deal et la période de prospérité de l’après-guerre, entraînant la montée de la précarité et l’aggravation des inégalités. Le concep...

  10. Lele de l’omalizumab dans le traitement de l’asthme allergique grave

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chapman, Kenneth R; Cartier, André; Hébert, Jacques; McIvor, R Andrew; Schellenberg, R Robert

    2006-01-01

    CONTEXTE : Un nouveau traitement anti-immunoglobuline E (anti-IgE) contre l’asthme, l’omalizumab, a été approuvé au Canada. OBJECTIF : Passer en revue les données fondamentales et cliniques sur l’omalizumab et examiner lele possible de ce médicament dans la prise en charge de l’asthme au Canada. MÉTHODOLOGIE : Une recherche documentaire a été effectuée dans MEDLINE afin de repérer les études menées de 1960 à 2006 sur l’omalizumab. La recherche a également porté sur les résumés de réunions scientifiques récentes dans le domaine des maladies respiratoires et des allergies; par ailleurs, toute donnée non publiée a été demandée au fabricant. Après avoir revu et résumé les données, un comité mixte constitué de spécialistes des maladies respiratoires et des allergies a rédigé un ensemble de recommandations relatives à l’utilisation de l’omalizumab. RÉSULTATS : L’omalizumab est un anticorps monoclonal humanisé qui se lie au domaine C epsilon 3 de la molécule d’IgE pour former des complexes immuns solubles qui sont éliminés par le système réticulo-endothélial. L’administration d’injections sous-cutanées espacées de deux ou de quatre semaines à la dose recommandée entraîne une diminution rapide des taux d’IgE circulantes libres. Lors de deux essais cliniques de phase III menés auprès de 1 405 adultes et adolescents atteints d’asthme modéré à grave qui recevaient des doses moyennes stables de corticostéroïdes en inhalation (CSI), l’omalizumab a diminué les taux d’exacerbation par rapport au placebo et a été associé à une amélioration des symptômes ainsi qu’à une épargne plus importante des corticostéroïdes. Dans un essai mené auprès de 419 patients atteints d’asthme grave non maîtrisé malgré l’utilisation de doses élevées de CSI et de la prise concomitante d’agonistes bêta-2 à action prolongée, les exacerbations graves étaient de 50 % moins fréquentes chez

  11. Higgs le boson manquant

    CERN Document Server

    Carroll, Sean; Evans, Lyn; Gagnon, Pauline; Bernet, Lison

    2013-01-01

    Ce livre conte l'histoire de la plus fascinante aventure scientifique de notre temps : la quête du "boson de Higgs". La découverte présumée de cette particule élémentaire en juillet 2012 a secoué le monde, tant pour son étrangeté que pour la démesure des moyens déployés. Qu'on en juge : un accélérateur de 27 km de circonférence sous la frontière franco-suisse - le LHC, la plus grande machine jamais construite par l'Homme-, une équipe de 6 000 chercheurs, techniciens, ingénieurs, informaticiens, etc., et un budget de plus de 9 milliards de $ ! L'auteur, cosmologiste et vulgarisateur de renom, nous révèle les enjeux de cette recherche ultime : le boson expliquerait ni plus ni moins pourquoi la matière qui nous entoure a une masse, et lèverait un coin du voile qui entoure la mystérieuse "matière noire". Il détaille surtout sa genèse et les rivalités, les doutes mais aussi les intuitions géniales des acteurs du projet. Cette galerie de personnages hors norme font de la lecture de ce li...

  12. Engineering and Directed Evolution of a Ca2+ Binding Site A-Deficient AprE Mutant Reveal an Essential Contribution of the Loop Leu75–Leu82 to Enzyme Activity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eliel R. Romero-García

    2009-01-01

    G102D. These results support the proposal that in addition to function as a calcium binding site, the loop that connects β-sheet e3 with α-helix c plays a structural role on enzyme activity of AprE from B. subtilis 168.

  13. E-Voting Risk and Risk Management Evaluation using Analytical Hierarchy Process: The Case of Oman

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amry, F. A.

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is twofold; to investigate the risks involving with e-voting and to evaluate the risk management of policy of e-voting. In the country of Oman, the Ministry of Interior (MOI has already implemented an e-voting system making use of the e-Authentication technique, which uses the existing National ID Card to authenticate citizens for voting. This new e-voting system will give solutions that shall allow all citizens to come to election points and get authenticated through their National ID Card before proceeding to the vote. The solution shall be hosted within the current National ID System, taking advantage of the electronic authentication of the cards while enhancing these capabilities with functions specific to the election process, ensuring election rights and introducing vote timestamp storage in the cards. However; review and observation within Ministry of Interior (MOI of Oman concluded that there is no documented Risk Management Plan that can foresee risks, estimate impacts, and define responses to issues relating with risks involving voting process in the country of Oman. In the context of e-voting systems, risk management is regarded as the characterization of the e- Voting System in Oman; this consists of defining the system for the risk assessment. This is the assessment of system elements, such as hardware, software, system interfaces, data and information, personnel actions, and the mission of the e- Voting system. This is followed by the Identification Threat Sources, Vulnerability Identification, Controls Analysis, Threat Likelihood, performance of impact Analysis and risk level. It is then followed by the Development of Risk Mitigation Strategies and finally the documentation of Results.

  14. Le cerf chasseur et le maïs agriculteur : l’identité des divinités dans les mitote náyeri

    OpenAIRE

    Valdovinos, Margarita

    2014-01-01

    Le cerf chasseur et le maïs agriculteur : l’identité des divinités dans les mitote náyeri. Cet article montre comment se constitue l’identité des divinités náyeri au cours des cérémonies agricoles nommées mitote. Après l’analyse des charges rituelles censées personnifier les divinités et des liens existant entre elles, seront abordés d’autres éléments qui, souvent écartés de la réflexion sur les représentations des divinités, s’avèrent être également des composants essentiels : les objets et ...

  15. General Election 2004: Empirical Validation of Voting Pattern in Malaysia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Syed Arabi Idid

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: The purpose of this study is to test the effects of the politically related socio-economic issues, personality of the new Prime Minister and the perceived strength of the ruling party, Barisan Nasional (BN, in influencing the outcomes of elections. It uses the data from the Star-IIUM Survey 2004 and the official election results of general election 2004 for the three northern states of Malaysia and applies the Structural Equation Modeling (SEM. The study found that the personal attributes of the Prime Minister, the strength of the ruling party and the campaign issues positively influenced the popular votes secured by the BN candidates.

  16. Assessment of Voting Assistance Programs for Calendar Year 2011

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-30

    TEXT 210 VOTER REGISTRATION PROGRAM Functional Area Manager: MRP -4 Point of Contact: MR. ROBERT WAGNER (DSN) 278-9511 (COML) (703) 784-5972 E-mail...2) 210 01 002 Did the MCVO subm[t a copy of his/her appointment letter to HQMC ( MRP -4)? Reference MCO 1742.1A W/CH 1-2, PAR 50 (1) 210 01 003...subordinate IVAO voting .assistance reports and submit one report to HQMC ( MRP -4) no later than 15 January of each year?’ Reference MCO 1742.1A W

  17. A Supervised Verifiable Voting Protocol for the Victorian Electoral Commission

    OpenAIRE

    Burton, Craig Burton; Culnane, Chris; Heather, James; Peacock, Thea; Ryan, Peter,; Schneider, Steve; Teague, Vanessa; Wen, Roland; Xia, Zhe; Srinivasan, Sriramkrishnan

    2012-01-01

    This paper describes the design of a supervised verifiable voting protocol suitable for use for elections in the state of Victoria, Australia. We provide a brief overview of the style and nature of the elections held in Victoria and associated challenges. Our protocol, based on Prêt à Voter, presents a new ballot overprinting front-end design, which assists the voter in completing the potentially complex ballot. We also present and analyse a series of modifications to the back-end that will e...

  18. CEO Pay and Voting Dissent Before and After the Crisis

    OpenAIRE

    Gregory-Smith, I.; Thompson, S.; Wright, P. W.

    2014-01-01

    ‘Say on pay’ – that is empowering shareholders to vote on the remuneration arrangements of their firm's senior executives – has become an international policy response to the perceived explosion in rewards for top management. In this study, we examine the operation of say in pay in the UK, the country which pioneered its adoption, using the population of non-investment trust companies in the FTSE 350 over the period 2003–12. We find that executive remuneration and dissent on the remuneration ...

  19. Le Secteur de Psychiatrie en Milieu Pénitentiaire : Solutions de continuité ?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Catherine Paulet

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Une petite mise en mots et en sigles pour commencer si vous le voulez bien. Par secteur de psychiatrie en milieu pénitentiaire (SPMP, j’entends non seulement les 26 services médico-psychologiques régionaux (SMPR à vocation régionale, mais aussi tous les dispositifs de soins psychiatriques (DSP qui sont implantés dans les prisons, services constitués parfois, ou plus souvent unités fonctionnelles de secteurs de psychiatrie.Après vingt ans ou presque de pratique de la psychiatrie en milieu p...

  20. 48 CFR 1552.235-75 - Access to Toxic Substances Control Act Confidential Business Information (APR 1996).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Control Act Confidential Business Information (APR 1996). 1552.235-75 Section 1552.235-75 Federal...: Access to Toxic Substances Control Act Confidential Business Information (APR 1996) In order to perform... Control Act (TSCA) confidential business information (CBI). The Contractor and all of its...

  1. Etude de la microstructure d'un acier 316 titane apres vieillissement et apres irradiation aux neutrons

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brun, G.; Le Naour, J.; Vouillon, M.

    1981-10-01

    La précipitation qui se produit lors de vieillissements de longue durée entre 450 et 700°C dans un acier 316 Ti soit hypertrempé soit écroui, a été étudiée en couplant les techniques de microscopic électronique et de microanalyse X. Pour les cas expérimentaux étudiés, les résultats obtenus montrent que la composition des carbures M 23C 6 et des phases σ, Laves et χ est peu sensible aux conditions de vieillissement et dépend également peu de l'état structural initial. Leur teneur en éléments principaux de l'alliage est d'ailleurs voisine de celle des phases précipitées dans l'acier non stabilisé. Excepté les carbures de type M 6C, toutes ces phases ont une teneur en nickel inférieure à celle de la matrice. Les premiers rérultats obtenus sur des matériaux irradiés aux neutrons montrent que la précipitation sous flux est différente de celle qui se produit dans l'acier vieilli. Les phases γ' et G ainsi que les carbures riches en nickel ont été observés. L'attention a été attirée sur le fait qu'il n'y a pas de corrélation simple entre la vitesse de gonflement et la teneuer résiduelle en nickel de la matrice.

  2. Voting Places, Lyon County Voting Places, Published in 2011, 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, City of Emporia/Lyon County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Voting Places dataset, published at 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Hardcopy Maps information as of 2011. It is described as 'Lyon...

  3. Lele de la Conférence permanente des Ministres européens de l'éducation dans la motivation de la politique européenne de l’éducation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alfonso Diestro Fernández

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available La politique de l'éducation en Europe a atteint un niveau de convergence et de performance, qui personne osaient s'aventurer dans le début du projet de développe et intégration européenne, initié par le Conseil de l'Europe (1949 et la Communauté européenne (1957. Dans ce processus de collaboration entre les États, la Conférence permanente des ministres européens de l'Éducation (CPMEE a pris un rôle protagoniste, depuis sa première réunion en 1959. Par la suite, le CPMEE entreprendre un processus de dialogue, qui visait à établir une politique de coopération dans le domaine de l'éducation. Doucement, elle devient peu à peu comme le forum paneuropéen de dialogue et de rencontre des politiques de l’éducation pour l'excellence, dont ils sont issus et coordonnée les principaux actions européennes de l'éducation. Elle a également donné une impulsion décisif au programme d'éducation du COE, cela signifiait aussi que enclave synergique qui a nourri la politique communautaire en matière d'éducation. Toutefois, la mise en place de la politique communautaire finira en délimitant lele de la Conférence, en particulier, après de la signature de le Traité sur l'Union européenne à Maastricht. Cet article met l'accent sur l'important travail du CPMEE jusqu'en 1992, lorsque l'UE a assumé lele principal de la politique de l'éducation en Europe.

  4. 76 FR 1559 - Guidelines for the Use of Electronic Voting Systems in Union Officer Elections

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-11

    ... will help the Department issue guidelines in describing minimum standards that electronic voting... part 452, establish standards for the conduct of union officer elections, including minimum standards... Mercurio, Democracy in Decline: Can Internet Voting Save the Electoral Process?, 22 J. Marshall J. &...

  5. Workplace characteristics and working class vote for the old and new right

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Arndt, Christoph; Rennwald, Line

    2015-01-01

    This article focuses on the role of plant size for working class vote. We argue that workplace size does matter for political behaviour. Workers in smaller plants are less unionized and therefore base their voting decisions more strongly on their cultural attitudes, which undermine the support fo...

  6. 77 FR 4000 - Estimates of the Voting Age Population for 2011

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-26

    ... Office of the Secretary Estimates of the Voting Age Population for 2011 AGENCY: Office of the Secretary, Commerce. ACTION: General Notice Announcing Population Estimates. SUMMARY: This notice announces the voting age population estimates as of July 1, 2011, for each state and the District of Columbia. We...

  7. 76 FR 37314 - Estimates of the Voting Age Population for 2010

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-27

    ... Office of the Secretary Estimates of the Voting Age Population for 2010 AGENCY: Office of the Secretary, Commerce. ACTION: General Notice Announcing Population Estimates. SUMMARY: This notice announces the voting age population estimates as of July 1, 2010, for each state and the District of Columbia. We...

  8. 78 FR 6289 - Estimates of the Voting Age Population for 2012

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-30

    ... Office of the Secretary Estimates of the Voting Age Population for 2012 AGENCY: Office of the Secretary, Commerce. ] ACTION: General notice announcing population estimates. SUMMARY: This notice announces the voting age population estimates as of July 1, 2012, for each state and the District of Columbia. We...

  9. 75 FR 4343 - Estimates of the Voting Age Population for 2009

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-27

    ... Office of the Secretary Estimates of the Voting Age Population for 2009 AGENCY: Office of the Secretary, Commerce. ACTION: General Notice Announcing Population Estimates. SUMMARY: This notice announces the voting age population estimates as of July 1, 2009, for each state and the District of Columbia. We...

  10. Electronic Voting Systems for Lectures then and Now: A Comparison of Research and Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simpson, Vicki; Oliver, Martin

    2007-01-01

    Research and practice in the use of electronic voting systems has developed over the last five years. Electronic voting systems, also known as personal response systems, audience response systems or classroom communication systems, use handsets to elicit responses from students as part of structured teaching sessions, typically lectures. The use…

  11. Verifying Privacy-Type Properties of Electronic Voting Protocols: A Taster

    Science.gov (United States)

    Delaune, Stéphanie; Kremer, Steve; Ryan, Mark

    While electronic elections promise the possibility of convenient, efficient and secure facilities for recording and tallying votes, recent studies have highlighted inadequacies in implemented systems. These inadequacies provide additional motivation for applying formal methods to the validation of electronic voting protocols.

  12. Tech Talk for Social Studies Teachers: Teaching Students about the Voting Process

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fernan, Courtney; Green, Tim

    2004-01-01

    Voter apathy is at an all-time high in the United States. Important decisions and policies are being determined through disappointing turnouts at the voting polls. In a democratic society, this is unconscionable! Voter turnout needs to improve, but what part can teachers play, besides voting, in helping to change voter apathy? Today's students…

  13. 75 FR 32920 - Publication of State Plan Pursuant to the Help America Vote Act

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-10

    ... COMMISSION Publication of State Plan Pursuant to the Help America Vote Act AGENCY: U.S. Election Assistance... Vote Act (HAVA), Public Law 107-252, the U.S. Election Assistance Commission (EAC) hereby causes to be...: Bryan Whitener, Telephone 202-566-3100 or 1-866-747-1471 (toll-free). Submit Comments: Any...

  14. 78 FR 77110 - Publication of State Plan Pursuant to the Help America Vote Act

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-20

    ... COMMISSION Publication of State Plan Pursuant to the Help America Vote Act AGENCY: U.S. Election Assistance... Vote Act (HAVA), Public Law 107-252, as amended by Section 622 of the Consolidated Appropriations Act... implementation of the Military and Overseas Voter Empowerment Act (MOVE Act). In accordance with HAVA Section...

  15. Policy voting, projection, and persuasion: an application of balance theory to electoral behavior

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Visser, Max

    1994-01-01

    In this article differences between rational, policy-based, and rationalized voting are discussed, and it is argued that these forms of electoral decision making are not properly analyzed in existing electoral studies. Policy voting, persuasion, and projection are then redefined as three possible wa

  16. 78 FR 22536 - Procedural Manual for the Election Assistance Commission's Voting System Test Laboratories...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-16

    ... COMMISSION Procedural Manual for the Election Assistance Commission's Voting System Test Laboratories Program Manual, Version 2.0 AGENCY: United States Election Assistance Commission (EAC). ACTION: Notice; publication of Voting System Test Laboratories Program Manual, Version 2.0, for 60 day public comment...

  17. Solving Weighted Voting Game Design Problems Optimally: Representations, Synthesis, and Enumeration

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Keijzer, B. de; Klos, T.B.; Zhang, Y.Q.

    2012-01-01

    We study the inverse power index problem for weighted voting games: the problem of finding a weighted voting game in which the power of the players is as close as possible to a certain target distribution. Our goal is to find algorithms that solve this problem exactly. Thereto, we study various subc

  18. Solving Weighted Voting Game Design Problems Optimally: Representations, Synthesis, and Enumeration

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    B. de Keijzer (Bart); T.B. Klos (Tomas); Y. Zhang (Yingqian)

    2012-01-01

    textabstractWe study the inverse power index problem for weighted voting games: the problem of finding a weighted voting game in which the power of the players is as close as possible to a certain target distribution. Our goal is to find algorithms that solve this problem exactly. Thereto, we study

  19. Cognitive ability rivals the effect of political sophistication on ideological voting

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hebbelstrup Rye Rasmussen, Stig

    2016-01-01

    This article examines the impact of cognitive ability on ideological voting. We find, using a US sample and a Danish sample, that the effect of cognitive ability rivals the effect of the traditionally strongest predicter of ideological voting political sophistication. Furthermore, the results...

  20. More evidence of the effects of voting technology on election outcomes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Allers, Maarten A.; Kooreman, Peter

    2009-01-01

    Using two different data sources-municipal level data and individual data-we consider several hitherto unexplored aspects of the relationship between voting technology and election outcomes. We distinguish between introductory and permanent effects of electronic voting, and between national and muni

  1. Temptations of turnout and modernisation: e-voting discourses in the UK and the Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pieters, W.; Haren, van R.

    2007-01-01

    Purpose – The aim of the research described was to identify reasons for differences between discourses on electronic voting in the UK and The Netherlands, from a qualitative point of view. Design/methodology/approach – From both countries, eight e-voting experts were interviewed on their expectation

  2. Electronic Voting in the Netherlands: From Early Adoption to Early Abolishment

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jacobs, B.P.F.; Pieters, W.; Aldini, A.; Barthe, G.; Gorrieri, R.

    2009-01-01

    This paper discusses how electronic voting was implemented in practice in the Netherlands, which choices were made and how electronic voting was finally abolished. This history is presented in the context of the requirements of the election process, as well as the technical options that are availabl

  3. 21 CFR 14.82 - Nominations of voting members of standing advisory committees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... Nominations of voting members of standing advisory committees. (a) The Commissioner will publish one or more... standing advisory committees. The notice will invite the submission of nominations for voting members from... one or more qualified persons to an advisory committee. Nominations will specify the...

  4. Estimating the Preferences of Central Bankers : An Analysis of Four Voting Records

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Eijffinger, S.C.W.; Mahieu, R.J.; Raes, L.B.D.

    2013-01-01

    Abstract: This paper analyzes the voting records of four central banks (Sweden, Hungary, Poland and the Czech Republic) with spatial models of voting. We infer the policy preferences of the monetary policy committee members and use these to analyze the evolution in preferences over time and the diff

  5. Clickers and Classroom Voting in a Transition to Advanced Mathematics Course

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lockard, Shannon R.; Metcalf, Rebecca C.

    2015-01-01

    Clickers and classroom voting are used across a number of disciplines in a variety of institutions. There are several papers that describe the use of clickers in mathematics classrooms such as precalculus, calculus, statistics, and even differential equations. This paper describes a method of incorporating clickers and classroom voting in a…

  6. Voting Behavior among Low-Income Black Elderly: A Multielection Perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bazargan, Mohsen; And Others

    1992-01-01

    Examined voting behavior among 370 low-income older African Americans by assessing impact of various predictors on electoral participation in 7 elections. Elders who were active in community, with strong sense of citizen duty, who identified as strong Democrats, and with higher levels of education were more likely to vote. (Author/NB)

  7. Effects of news media coverage on Eurosceptic voting: evidence from the 2009 European Parliamentary elections

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Spanje, J.; de Vreese, C.

    2012-01-01

    Extant research is not very specific about when campaigns matter for vote choice. In this paper, we assess multiple influences of the media on vote choice in several countries based on European Parliamentary (EP) election campaign data from 21 countries. We rely on a two-wave panel voter survey (N=3

  8. The Alberta Pregnancy Outcomes and Nutrition (APrON) cohort study : rationale and methods

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kaplan, Bonnie J.; Giesbrecht, Gerald F.; Leung, Brenda M. Y.; Field, Catherine J.; Dewey, Deborah; Bell, Rhonda C.; Manca, Donna P.; O'Beirne, Maeve; Johnston, David W.; Pop, Victor J.; Singhal, Nalini; Gagnon, Lisa; Bernier, Francois P.; Eliasziw, Misha; McCargar, Linda J.; Kooistra, Libbe; Farmer, Anna; Cantell, Marja; Goonewardene, Laki; Casey, Linda M.; Letourneau, Nicole; Martin, Jonathan W.

    2014-01-01

    The Alberta Pregnancy Outcomes and Nutrition (APrON) study is an ongoing prospective cohort study that recruits pregnant women early in pregnancy and, as of 2012, is following up their infants to 3 years of age. It has currently enrolled approximately 5000 Canadians (2000 pregnant women, their offsp

  9. 15 CFR 781.1 - Definitions of terms used in the Additional Protocol Regulations (APR).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... APR. Host Team Leader. The representative from the Department of Commerce who leads the Host Team... protect activities of direct national security significance to the United States, including information... application would result in access by the IAEA to activities of direct national security significance to...

  10. Greta Kaits 9. apr. 1928 - 29. aug. 1946 : [luuletused] / Mats Traat

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Traat, Mats, 1936-

    2008-01-01

    Sisu : Greta Kaits 9. apr. 1928 - 29. aug. 1946 ; Villem Hänilane 1898 - 1952 ; Peeter Pedak 1897 - 1953 ; Max Äidse 1903 - 1959 ; Lavinia Laidam ; Buchard Pruus ; Sergei Krivokopõtov ; Allan Luht 5. VII 1962 - 17. V 2007 ; Karl Saarmets 9. III 1924 - 14. IX 1981 ; Raimo Ritsik

  11. Statistical Analysis on Rubber Industry in Jan.-Apr. 2012 Issued by CRIA

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    In Jan.-Apr. 2012, the economic operation of rubber industry was steady on the whole, the major economic indicators kept slight growth, the industry export showed steady and optimistic trend, and the benefit status of the industry was better than the same period of the last year.

  12. Using a Classroom Response System to Improve Multiple-Choice Performance in AP[R] Physics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bertrand, Peggy

    2009-01-01

    Participation in rigorous high school courses such as Advanced Placement (AP[R]) Physics increases the likelihood of college success, especially for students who are traditionally underserved. Tackling difficult multiple-choice exams should be part of any AP program because well-constructed multiple-choice questions, such as those on AP exams and…

  13. Roman historique et Histoire dans le roman

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christine Di Benedetto

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Engager une réflexion sur le « roman historique » dans l’Espagne de l’après-transition démocratique conduit ici à aborder les questions, plus vastes, d’Histoire dans le roman et de roman de la mémoire. Mais les notions de passé et de présent et leurs rapports se définissent au regard de la situation particulière de l’Espagne. L’interprétation de la place qu’occupe le roman historique dans le panorama romanesque espagnol s’enrichit alors des perspectives issues de la philosophie et de la sociologie.Au confluent de ces démarches, des exemples tirés de la littérature contemporaine et étayés par des éléments d’analyse fictionnelle et narrative figurent trois niveaux d’intégration de l’Histoire récente dans le roman espagnol. Et une identité en devenir se dessine, alors que la mémoire historique arrive clairement sur la scène littéraire en même temps qu’elle s’insinue dans les problématiques qui occupent la société espagnole de la fin du millénaire.Adentrarse en una reflexión sobre “la novela histórica” en la España de la post- transición democrática lleva aquí a acercarse a los temas, más amplios, de Historia en la novela y de novela de la memoria. Pero las nociones de pasado y de presente se definen en el ámbito de la situación peculiar de España, y de allí el vínculo cualitativo entre las dos. La interpretación del puesto que ocupa en la narrativa española se enriquece entonces de las perspectivas que proceden de la filosofía y de la sociología.En el confluente de estas modalidades reflexivas, unos ejemplos, sacados de la literatura contemporánea y estudiados gracias a elementos de análisis de la ficción y de la narración destacan tres niveles de integración de la Historia reciente en la novela española. De modo que una búsqueda identitaria se define, mientras la memoria histórica llega claramente al escenario literario, al mismo tiempo que se cuela dentro de las

  14. Un modèle numérique de terrain issu d'un logiciel de télédétection

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frank VIDAL

    1991-06-01

    Full Text Available Il est possible de créer un modèle numérique de terrain en utilisant les fonctions graphiques d’un logiciel de traitement d’images de télédétection. Un plan d’image est créé par numérisation des principales courbes de niveaux et affectation de couleurs croissantes selon les plages d’altitudes choisies. Après transfert sur 256 niveaux de gris, les altitudes intermédiaires sont calculées par un filtrage moyen sur l’image. Après étalement de dynamique, cette image peut être considérée comme un modèle numérique de terrain, et utilisée dans les fonctions 3D du logiciel.

  15. Le documentaire libanais contemporain à travers l’étude de trois films sur l’identité, la nation et la transmission

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michel Tabet

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Cet article s’intéresse au marché du cinéma documentaire libanais par le biais d’une analyse des modes de production de trois films réalisés entre 2009 et 2010. Il montre que la production documentaire au Liban bénéficie d’un renouveau qui repose sur la convergence de deux facteurs : la multiplication des sources de financement arabes et l’émergence d’une nouvelle génération de cinéastes qui, après celle de l’immédiate après-guerre, se concentre sur le fonctionnement de la société plutôt que sur la mémoire du conflit.

  16. Le 11 novembre 1942

    OpenAIRE

    Isoard, Paul

    2004-01-01

    “Citoyens de la Zone Niçoise !” Fidèles à la parole donnée, nous n’avons jamais manqué aux accords réciproques d’armistice. Dans le but d’empêcher que le sol de France ne puisse devenir un nouveau théâtre de guerre, à cause de débarquements de forces militaires anglo-américaines, nous occupons temporairement la zone démilitarisée. Pas un de Vous ne doit penser à d’intentions hostiles de notre côté.” C’est par la lecture de ce texte imprimé sur des tracts, lancés à partir d’un avion italien a...

  17. Le cru, le cuit et le pourri dans _Le vice-consul_ de Marguerite Duras

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hélène Caron

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Bien que plusieurs articles critiques aient déjà avancé de nouvelles perspectives sur le texte Le Vice-Consul (LVC de Marguerite Duras, l’analyse de la représentation de la nourriture dans ce roman n’a fait l’objet d’aucune étude. Cet article tente donc de combler cette lacune en proposant d’analyser les images du cru et du cuit, images qui se rejoignent sous les notions du pourri et de l’abject, tout en offrant quelques interprétations de l’un des passages critiques du roman où la folle mendiante croque la tête d’un poisson vivant.

  18. Le forme del fondo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michel Maffesoli

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available Non è vero che la natura ha paura del vuoto. Forse addirittura si completa. Il vuoto è anche una modalità dell'essere. È possibile nidificarvisi, avvolgersi pigramente e, così, proteggersi dall'angoscia del tempo che passa. Il vuoto delle apparenze è, in alcuni momenti, una delle forme d'espressione della vita sociale. Oltretutto occorre saperle riconoscere. Certamente, abbiamo tutti un'esistenza personale, ma siamo, ugualmente, i rappresentanti, a volte anche le vittime, di uno "spirito comune", forse anche di un "inconscio collettivo" che si è costituito di secolo in secolo. E, molto spesso, quando crediamo di esprimere le nostre idee, siamo soltanto dei portavoce, comparse di un vasto "theatrum mundi" dalle dimensioni infinite.

  19. 12 CFR 563b.465 - Do account holders retain any voting rights based on their liquidation sub-accounts?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Do account holders retain any voting rights... Account § 563b.465 Do account holders retain any voting rights based on their liquidation sub-accounts? Eligible account holders or supplemental eligible account holders do not retain any voting rights based...

  20. The political gender gap: gender bias in facial inferences that predict voting behavior.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joan Y Chiao

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Throughout human history, a disproportionate degree of political power around the world has been held by men. Even in democracies where the opportunity to serve in top political positions is available to any individual elected by the majority of their constituents, most of the highest political offices are occupied by male leaders. What psychological factors underlie this political gender gap? Contrary to the notion that people use deliberate, rational strategies when deciding whom to vote for in major political elections, research indicates that people use shallow decision heuristics, such as impressions of competence solely from a candidate's facial appearance, when deciding whom to vote for. Because gender has previously been shown to affect a number of inferences made from the face, here we investigated the hypothesis that gender of both voter and candidate affects the kinds of facial impressions that predict voting behavior. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDING: Male and female voters judged a series of male and female political candidates on how competent, dominant, attractive and approachable they seemed based on their facial appearance. Then they saw a series of pairs of political candidates and decided which politician they would vote for in a hypothetical election for President of the United States. Results indicate that both gender of voter and candidate affect the kinds of facial impressions that predict voting behavior. All voters are likely to vote for candidates who appear more competent. However, male candidates that appear more approachable and female candidates who appear more attractive are more likely to win votes. In particular, men are more likely to vote for attractive female candidates whereas women are more likely to vote for approachable male candidates. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: Here we reveal gender biases in the intuitive heuristics that voters use when deciding whom to vote for in major political elections. Our

  1. Le silence des agneaux

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    BERNARD ROY

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Ce texte est avant tout une réflexion sur la notion d'obéissance, initiée à partir de deux évènements impliquant étroitement des membres de la profession infirmière. L'auteur se réjouit de la prise de parole et de l'implication directe d'infirmières dans le contexte du printemps érable. Il estime que la posture de ces infirmières s'inscrit dans ce que l'éthicien Guy Durand, appelle une obéissance autonome qui peut, du coup, mener à la désobéissance civile, à l'objection de conscience. En prenant exemple sur le silence des infirmières dans le contexte de la fermeture de postes d'infirmières en Minganie, l'auteur estime que cette posture est marginale chez les infirmières qui, majoritairement, adoptent une position de soumission et d'obéissance hétéronome.

  2. Diffusion des macromolécules de dextrane dans le gel Séphadex G-200

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moussaoui, M.; Hamieh, T.; Toufaily, J.; Naoufal, D.

    2005-05-01

    Dans cet article nous avons étudié la diffusion des macromolécules de dextrane marquées à l'isothiocyanate de fluorescéine (FITC), dans les perles de l'ultrogel AcA34, par la méthode du retour de la fluorescence après photoblanchiment (FRAP). Le coefficient de partage chromatographique (Kc), a été déterminé par chromatographie sur une colonne de l'ultrogel AcA34. Le coefficient de partage microfluorimétrique (Kf) a été déterminé par la technique de (FRAP), en mesurant à la fois, la fluorescence dans la perle et dans le solvant. La relation entre le coefficient de partage chromatographique et le rayon de Stokes (Rs) des macromolécules a été étudiée en appliquant la relation de Laurent et Killender, alors que la variation du coefficient de diffusion relatif D/D0, a été étudiée en fonction de Kc en appliquant la théorie d'Ogston et al.

  3. Le charisme messianique d’Emmanuel dans Malevil (1972 de Robert Merle

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anne Wattel

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Le roman post-apocalyptique de Robert Merle, Malevil, place un groupe de survivants dans un univers où la linéarité a été rompue, où le monde d’avant, l’ordre ancien ont été dévastés par « une bombe propre ». Ce groupe secrétera le grand homme dont il a besoin, Emmanuel. Après l’événement qui provoque une situation de déséquilibre, il faut qu’advienne la figure messianique, refondatrice, qui fait à la fois office de pasteur veillant sur ses brebis et de chef militaire. Emmanuel, c’est aussi la figure civilisatrice au sens où il crée le liant, œuvre pour que le groupe fasse corps en sacrifiant l’intérêt individuel au bien commun. Mais c’est aussi un messie très politique qui déploie pour asseoir son charisme des talents de stratège, de nouveau Prince, de politicien. Porté par sa foi en l’homme, son optimisme volontariste, il est celui qui, par-delà la brèche, permet d’inaugurer une ère nouvelle.

  4. Droit, travail et passion, dans les restructurations : le déclin de l'engagement au travail

    OpenAIRE

    Didry, Claude

    2011-01-01

    Au-delà de la passion, le travail salarié, c'est-à-dire fondé sur le contrat de travail se définit par un engagement d'une double nature, engagement individuel vis-à-vis de l'emploi, engagement dans la division du travail sur le lieu de travail. Comment les restructurations comme décisions économiques donnant lieu à suppressions d'emplois touchent-elles et révèlent-elles cette dimension d'engagement? Après avoir envisagé les avancées de la jurisprudence sur les plans sociaux dans les années 1...

  5. Mesures magnétiques de l'aimant dipôle 097 révisé de type MBA

    CERN Document Server

    Dutour, J

    2002-01-01

    Dans l'anneau SPS, les dipôles MBA et MBB sont installés depuis 1975 (assemblés au CERN, Réf. 1 et 2). Lorsque certains de ces aimants sont défectueux, ils sont révisés: changement de chambre, isolation, etc. Après révision, il est nécessaire de contrôler leurs caractéristiques magnétiques. C'est le cas du dipôle MBA 097.

  6. Le Briançonnais, les innovations et les cycles économiques

    OpenAIRE

    2009-01-01

    Dans cet article nous étudions l’évolution avec le temps de quelques activités économiques du Briançonnais, de l’irrigation jusqu’aux remontées mécaniques des skieurs. Après avoir modélisé la propagation de ces activités innovantes, nous montrons que sur la longue durée celles-ci suivent bien les cycles économiques de Kondratiev de 55 ans environ. Nous avons tenté d’expliquer par la conjonction d’événements historiques le déroulement local de ces cycles. La structure politico-sociale du “ Gra...

  7. Electronic Voting by Means of Digital Terrestrial Television: The Infrastructure, Security Issues and a Real Test-Bed

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caldelli, Roberto; Becarelli, Rudy; Filippini, Francesco; Picchioni, Francesco; Giorgetti, Riccardo

    Electronic voting has been largely studied in different forms and applications. Typical objectives of electronic voting are to enhance security and to grant easy accessibility. Security can be pursued by means of several strategies oriented to secrete the vote, to check the voter identity, to decouple the voter from his choice and to allow the ballot to be audited. On the other hand, accessibility too can be greatly improved by providing the opportunity to vote remotely or by using voting machines, located at polling stations, equipped with appropriate interfaces for disabled people.

  8. Enhanced Voting based Secure Localization for Wireless Sensor Networks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. B. Nirmala

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Development of location estimation algorithms with improvement in location precision with lower cost, less energy consumption and less hardware support has become more important for many applications in Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs. This paper addresses the problem of secure location determination, known as secure localization in WSNs using voting based technique which gives a search region in presence of anchor nodes. From the obtained search region trilateration is applied to know the position of sensor nodes. To avoid the involvement of sensor nodes in further location estimation process, bilateration is applied. Experimental analysis shows that the maximum number of nodes can be localized and accurate location of a node can be determined efficiently with low estimation error. To avoid the attacks and involvement of malicious nodes in the localization process, we implement an improved authentication and security algorithm. Using few location reference points in the localization process reduces the communication cost. The proposed scheme also provides very good localization accuracy.

  9. A Type Theoretic Investigation of the Verification of Voting Protocols

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gustafsson, Daniel

    2016-01-01

    is correct, and on the other hand we can we trust that the secrecy of the vote is preserved. These seemingly contradictory statements have fuelled new developments in cryptography, but the question remain can we trust these developments? The thesis of my dissertation is that it possible to formalise...... the proofs used to justify both the correctness and security of such cryptographic constructions inside type theory. This requires a theory of probabilities in order to describe the probabilistic algorithms used. My contributions include, using types and type isomorphisms to simplify both specification...... and calculation of probabilities, in particular ∑-types are used as they correspond to summation. Furthermore, I extend the type theory with process algebraic constructions in order to capture attack games as defined by semantic security in cryptography. To type these processes I propose a session type system...

  10. Majority-Vote on Directed BARABÁSI-ALBERT Networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lima, F. W. S.

    On directed Barabási-Albert networks with two and seven neighbours selected by each added site, the Ising model was seen not to show a spontaneous magnetisation. Instead, the decay time for flipping of the magnetisation followed an Arrhenius law for Metropolis and Glauber algorithms, but for Wolff cluster flipping the magnetisation decayed exponentially with time. On these networks the Majority-vote model with noise is now studied through Monte Carlo simulations. However, in this model, the order-disorder phase transition of the order parameter is well defined in this system. We calculate the value of the critical noise parameter qc for several values of connectivity z of the directed Barabási-Albert network. The critical exponentes β/ν, γ/ν and 1/ν were calculated for several values of z.

  11. Le regard anachronique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-Paul Aubert

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Cet article a pour objet l’anachronisme dans le film historique. Il s’appuie sur l’étude du long métrage Goya à Bordeaux, réalisé en 1999 par le cinéaste espagnol Carlos Saura. Cette biographie filmée du peintre Francisco de Goya fait mieux que composer avec l’anachronisme inhérent à toute reconstitution historique. Il l’assume et le revendique. La mise en cause de la chronologie et l’effacement de l’Histoire prennent sens dans la perspective d’une réflexion originale sur l’Histoire de l’art conçue comme un dialogue entre les œuvres et entre les époques.Este artículo está dedicado al problema del anacronismo en las películas históricas. Se basa en el estudio de Goya en Burdeos, un largo metraje rodado en 1999 por el director de cine español Carlos Saura. Esta biografía de Goya no sólo se acomoda con el anacronismo propio de la reconstitución histórica sino que lo asume y lo reivindica. El cuestionamiento de la cronología y el desinterés por la Historia cobran un nuevo sentido en el marco de una reflexión original sobre la Historia del arte concebida como un diálogo entre las obras y entre las épocas.

  12. Le survivant sans le syndrome Schreber

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Richard Figuier

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available On a pensé la catastrophe, mais a-t-on suffisamment pensé la survivance et la figure du survivant ? Ce n'est pas un hasard si celle-ci est au centre de Masse et puissance, oeuvre dans laquelle Canetti interroge la « mauvaise » survivance responsable de la poursuite de la logique de guerre. Mais où trouver la « bonne » ? Revenir de la catastrophe ne suffit pas pour être un « survivant authentique », selon l'expression de Kafka. Il faut avoir dépassé, avec Primo Levi et Robert Antelme, l'opposition de la vie comme croissance continue et de la mort comme son horrible contraire, par le don, dans la pauvreté solidaire, de cette vie retrouvée.Hemos reflexionado acerca de la catástrofe, pero ¿hemos meditado lo suficiente sobre la supervivencia y el superviviente? No es una coincidencia si el superviviente es el tema principal de Masse et puissance, obra en la cual Canetti analiza la «mala» supervivencia responsable de la persistencia de la lógica de guerra ¿Dónde sin embargo podemos encontrar la «buena» supervivencia? Superar la catástrofe no es suficiente para ser un «auténtico superviviente», según Kafka. Es fundamental ir más allá, con Primo Levi y Robert Antelme, de la oposición entre la vida, como crecimiento continuo, y la muerte, como su espantoso contrario, mediante la donación de forma solidaria de esta vida reencontrada.Disaster is the theme of many studies, but what about survival and of the figure of the survivor? This issue is central in Mass and power, work in which Canetti questions the “bad” survival, responsible for the continuation of the logic of war. But is there any “good” survival? Coming back from the catastrophe is not enough to be an “authentic survivor”, according to Kafka’s expression. To achieve this, it is necessary to have exceeded, with PrimoLevi and Robert Antelme, the opposition of life as a continuous growth and of death as its horrible opposite, by the gift, in a

  13. Annotazioni Critiche su Aquila e Priscilla, il Titulius Priscae e le Catacombe di Priscilla a Roma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ilaria Ramelli

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available The article proposes an analysis of the tradition concerning Aquila and Priscilla; the titulus Priscae in Rome is probably connected not with Aquila's wife, but with the later Virgin and Martyr St. Frisca. We don't know whether the Aquila and the Priscilla who were buried in the catacombs of Priscilla can be identified with St. Paul's friends, but it is sure that these catacombs were possessed —at a very early date— by the Acilii Glabriones. They contain inscriptions from the llnd century AD onward, but perhaps there were Christian members of the family already in the Ist century: one of the Acilii Glabriones was a Román senator who was put to death during Domitian's persecution; and it is highiy probable that he was a Christian.L'étude analyse en premier lieu la tradition sur Aquila ef Priscille. Probablement le titulus Priscae est lié non avec la femme d'Aquila, mais avec la plus tarde Vierge et l\\/lartyr Pasque. Nous ne savons pas si les Aquila et Priscilla ensevelis dans le cimetiére de Priscilla sont identifiables avec les amis de saint Paul, mais il est bien sur que le cimetiére était propriété des Acilii Glabriones des une tres haute antiquité. Dans le méme cimetiére ont efe découvertes plusleurs inscriptions du líeme siécle apr. J.-C, peut-étre ainsi du ler. Á la fin du ler siécle apr. J.-C. un Acilius Glabrio, senateur romain, fut condamné a mort par Domitien, et tres probablement il était chrétien.

  14. Adresato problema verčiant: Antoine de Saint-Exupéry Mažojo Princo vertimai į lietuvių kalbą | Problème de destinataire en traduction: traductions de Le Petit Prince de Antoine de Saint-Exupéry en lituanien

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liucija Černiuvienė

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Le présent article traite le problème du destinataire dans le processus de la traduction littéraire. Est soulevée surtout la problématique du double destinataire, de celui qui est l’enfant et de celui qui est adulte. Les problèmes sont analysés en se basant sur le conte philosophique de Antoine de Saint-Exupéry Le Petit Prince en prenant en compte que cette oeuvre est destinée aux enfants ainsi qu’aux adultes. Après avoir fait une analyse des exemples tirés de deux traductions en lituanien, après les avoir comparées avec l’original il est à noter que le traducteur d’une des deux traductions a pris en compte les deux destinataires tandis que le deuxième traducteur a traduit plutôt en orientant son travail vers le lecteur adulte. La responsabilité de la traduction littéraire tombe sans doute sur le traducteur alors sa prise de décision doit être bien mesurée et motivée en ce qui concerne tout élément du sens à transmettre en langue cible.

  15. 电子投票匿名性分析%Anonymity Analysis of Electronic Voting

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄福人; 屈玉贵

    2011-01-01

    电子投票公布计票结果会影响投票者的匿名性.针对该问题,定义匿名性为投票选择的不确定度,利用熵衡量投票系统的投票者匿名性,比较计票结果公布前后投票者的匿名性变化.分析结果表明,投票规模越小,投票者匿名性在结果公布后受到的损失越大;在小规模电子投票情况下,计票结果应该选择只公布获胜者,不公布具体得票数,以减少投票者匿名的损失.%The disclosure of the number of votes can compromise the voters' anonymity of the electronic voting. Aiming at this problem, this paper defines anonymity by using the uncertainty of the voting choices and measures the anonymity of the whole voting system by entropy. It compares the anonymity after the release of the voting results with that before releasing the voting results. Analysis result shows that the smaller the voting scale is, the more the voters' anonymity loses. In the design of small-scale electronic-voting scheme, releasing the winner instead of the number of votes that candidates gained decreases the loss of anonymity.

  16. Models and Principles of Designing e-Voting Systems, Ensuring its Protection

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tadas Limba

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available All over the world there is one main problem for government organizations in organizing general elections or referendums. The problem is that citizens are very apathetic and their participation in elections and referendums is very low. The elections and referendums, which are based on the traditional election system, use paper ballots which are inconvenient for a lot of citizens who have election rights, because it’s not very comfortable or possible to reach voting polls on election day. In this case the participation of citizens is very low, because it’s not always possible to visit polling stations when the distance to it is quite far or citizens have no time to vote. One of the easiest ways to increase participation of citizens in the country political processes is creation of electronic voting systems that can be used to cast citizen votes both remotely or not. Because of the opinion that e-voting systems will be more convenient for voters and that this will increase voter turnout on elections and referendums, governments of some countries are trying to create and begin to use those systems in their countries’ general elections and referendums.This scientific paper represents the standards and main aspects of creation of e-voting systems, models and the main threats to electronic voting systems. It discusses system attack methods and people who are interested in compromising e-voting systems. Also it analyses the practice of using e-voting systems for elections and referendums in some world countries.

  17. Models and Principles of Designing e-Voting Systems, Ensuring its Protection

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tadas Limba

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available All over the world there is one main problem for government organizations in organizing general elections or referendums. The problem is that citizens are very apathetic and their participation in elections and referendums is very low. The elections and referendums, which are based on the traditional election system, use paper ballots which are inconvenient for a lot of citizens who have election rights, because it’s not very comfortable or possible to reach voting polls on election day. In this case the participation of citizens is very low, because it’s not always possible to visit polling stations when the distance to it is quite far or citizens have no time to vote. One of the easiest ways to increase participation of citizens in the country political processes is creation of electronic voting systems that can be used to cast citizen votes both remotely or not. Because of the opinion that e-voting systems will be more convenient for voters and that this will increase voter turnout on elections and referendums, governments of some countries are trying to create and begin to use those systems in their countries’ general elections and referendums. This scientific paper represents the standards and main aspects of creation of e-voting systems, models and the main threats to electronic voting systems. It discusses system attack methods and people who are interested in compromising e-voting systems. Also it analyses the practice of using e-voting systems for elections and referendums in some world countries.

  18. Mental illness and the right to vote: a review of legislation across the world.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhugra, Dinesh; Pathare, Soumitra; Gosavi, Chetna; Ventriglio, Antonio; Torales, Julio; Castaldelli-Maia, João; Tolentino, Edgardo Juan L; Ng, Roger

    2016-08-01

    The right to vote is an important right signifying freedom of thought as well as full citizenship in any setting. Right to vote is enshrined and protected by international human rights treaties. The right of 'everyone' to take part in the political process and elections is based on universal and equal suffrage. Although these International Conventions have been ratified by the large majority of United Nations Member States, their application across the globe is by no means universal. This study sets out to examine the domestic laws of UN Member States in order to explore whether individuals with mental health problems have the right to vote in actuality and, thu,s can participate in political life. Through various searches, electoral laws and Constitutions of 193 Member States of the United Nations were studied. The authors were able to find legislation and/or Constitutional provisions in 167 of the 193 Member States. Twenty-one countries (11%) only placed no restrictions on the right to vote by persons with mental health problems. Over one third of the countries (36%) deny all persons with any mental health problems a right to vote without any qualifier. Some of these discriminatory attitudes are reflected in the multiplicity of terms used to describe persons with mental health problems. Another 21 countries (11%) denied the right to vote to detained persons; of these, nine Member States specifically denied the right to vote to persons who were detained under the mental health law, while the remainder denied the right to vote to all those who were interdicted or judicially interdicted. It would appear that in many countries the denial of voting rights is attributed to a lack of ability to consent by the individuals with mental illness. Further exploration of explanation is required to understand these variations, which exist in spite of international treaties.

  19. Entre désastre et réinstallation: le déplacement des populations suite à la catastrophe de Gramalote, Colombie

    OpenAIRE

    Anzellini, Vicente; Piguet, Etienne

    2012-01-01

    Le 17 décembre 2010, le village de Gramalote, situé au Nord-est de la Colombie, a connu un désastre naturel qui a transformé l’espace physique et social local. Suite à un usage excessif des sols et aux fortes précipitations reliées au phénomène de La Niña, un glissement de terrain s’est déclenché, ayant un impact considérable sur la structure bâtie de Gramalote. La population a été obligée d’évacuer totalement le village. De plus, et après des études géologiques sur la surface sinistrée, le G...

  20. 电子选举中的安全协议%Cryptographic Protocols for Electronic Voting

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孟江涛; 冯登国; 胡振宇

    2002-01-01

    Electronic Voting has begun to move into the mainstream, with small online votes taking place on the Internet. Electronic Voting investigates how to conduct large-scale electronic Voting securely including various modes of voting. In this paper we will discuss the characteristics of a good Electronic Voting system and explore cryptographic Protocols that can be used to build actual implementations with these characteristics. We mainly study the Electronic Voting protocols as opposed to the Electronic Voting systems. We propose some new taxonomy of the security protocols proposed for Electronic Voting procedures and examine their advantages and shortcomings. The goal of the paper is to impose some order into the multitude of Electronic Voting mechanisms that would lead to a better understanding of challenges in the Electronic Voting field. In the end, we give some advices on Electronic Voting system design.%随着因特网上出现的一些小范围的电子选举,电子选举开始引起人们的关注.而电子选举中的关键技术之一是电子选举协议的设计,特别是在多种投票方式下大规模电子选举协议的安全性问题.讨论了优秀的电子投票系统应该具备的特点,及如何通过密码协议来实现这些特点;对电子选举协议提出了新的分类方法,并考察了其优缺点;并对已有的许多电子选举协议进行了分类整理,有助于人们更好地理解这一领域内所面临的挑战和问题;同时对电子选举系统的设计也给出了一些建议.

  1. Brief implicit association test: Validity and utility in prediction of voting behavior

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pavlović Maša D.

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available We employed the Brief Implicit Association Test (a recently developed short version of IAT to measure implicit political attitudes toward four political parties running for Serbian parliament. To test its criterion validity, we measured voting intention and actual voting behavior. In addition, we introduced political involvement as a potential moderator of the BIAT’s predictive and incremental validity. The BIAT demonstrated good internal and predictive validity, but lacked incremental validity over self-report measures. Predictive power of the BIAT was moderated by political involvement - the BIAT scores were stronger predictors of voting intention and behavior among voters highly involved in politics. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. 179018

  2. La piraterie sur le web

    CERN Document Server

    2002-01-01

    Les échanges de toutes sortes sont facilités à l'extrême par le web: des forums, des vidéoconférences, le commerce à distance, ou tout simplement la célérité des courriers électroniques ou la convivialité des chats, tout cela participe de la société de communication. Une certaine partie du monde découvre le nouvel horizon des échanges quasi instantanés, mais... les transactions sur le web sont-elles vraiment s res?

  3. Conceptual Design of the Top Mounted In-core Instrumentation for APR1400

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bae, Taehyun; Bae, Jaehyun; Kim, Jongmin; Maeng, Cheolsoo; Kim, Hyunmin; Lee, Daehee [KEPCO Engineering and Construction, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

    2015-10-15

    Safety issue for nuclear power plant is reviewed. One of the main issue is Top Mounted In-core Instrumentation (TM-ICI). TM-ICI has the advantage of the structural integrity on the reactor bottom head during severe accident. This research about adopting the TM-ICI for APR1400 has been performed to have this advantage. Designing the nuclear power plant, safety issue is very important, and TM-ICI is one of the main issue. For the research of the TM-ICI, APR1400 has been reviewed for possibility of the TM-ICI and the results are as follows: The ICI nozzle head penetration shall be located outside of the CEDM nozzles and Two types of CEAs shall be unified into one type.

  4. Le principe roman

    CERN Document Server

    Ferrari, Jérôme

    2015-01-01

    Fasciné par la figure du physicien allemand Werner Heisenberg (1901-1976), fondateur de la mécanique quantique, inventeur du célèbre "principe d'incertitude" et Prix Nobel de physique en 1932, un jeune aspirant-philosophe désenchanté s'efforce, à l'aube du XXIe siècle, de considérer l'incomplétude de sa propre existence à l'aune des travaux et de la destinée de cet exceptionnel homme de sciences qui incarne pour lui la rencontre du langage scientifique et de la poésie, lesquels, chacun à leur manière, en ouvrant la voie au scandale de l'inédit, dessillent les yeux sur le monde pour en révéler la mystérieuse beauté que ne cessent de confisquer le matérialisme à l'œuvre dans l'Histoire des hommes.

  5. The Gravity Makeup on the LORHR Event during Mid-loop Operation for APR1400

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Cheol Woo; Lee, Yong Hee; Lee, Gyu Cheon; Kim, Shin Whan [KEPCO, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

    2015-05-15

    This paper is to investigate means of the available gravity makeup after the event to prevent or sustain the core uncovery and fuel failure for the typical advanced power reactor nuclear power plants (APR1400). Unlike the OPR1000 (optimized power reactor 1000 nuclear power plants), the refueling water storage tank of APR1400 cannot be used for gravity makeup since it is located on the bottom of the containment with a lower elevation than the reactor vessel. So, the other means of gravity makeup and their effect on the core uncovery are accounted. The use of the water used for the cask loading pit (CLP) during refueling or the safety injection line filling tank (SIFT), which are not designed for gravity makeup during the event, and safety injection tanks (SITs) are considered as the alternative source of makeup feed. The results show that gravity makeup of a SIT provides a sufficient operator action time for the LORHR with the station black out (SBO) during the mid-loop operation for the APR1400. From the LORHR event analysis, the effective means of gravity makeup for APR1400 to cope with this event concurrent loss of all AC power is determined as the gravity feed using SITs. Other means for gravity makeup using CLP or SIFT, which are not designed to mitigate the LORHR event, are evaluated as not effective to the event due to the large flow resistances and the low elevation head to overcome the system pressure increase during the LORHR. The use of one SIT and two SITs for the LORHR provides the core uncovery times as 3 hr 8 min and 4 hr 32 min extending 1 hr 15 min and 2 hr 38 min from the base case, respectively.

  6. Containment Performance Analysis with Large Break LOCA for EU-APR1400

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hwang, Do Hyun; Lee, Keun Sung; Kim, Yong Soo [KHNP CRI, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

    2013-10-15

    In this paper for containment performance analysis, the containment pressurization analysis is performed and thermo-hydraulic response analysis of containment structure is carried out to provide basic understanding of containment transient states under a severe accident sequence. Especially, in EU-APR1400 design, to reduce containment pressure and temperature, Severe Accident Containment Spray System (SACSS) is designed to be actuated automatically when Core Exit Temperature (CET) reaches 922 K (649 .deg. C). The containment performance analysis was carried on LBLOCA sequence for EU-APR1400 with SACSS through MAAP code. If SACSS is actuated when CET reaches 922 K (649 .deg. C) , the containment pressure and temperature decrease to a sufficient low level. The predicted atmospheric pressure of containment will not exceed the ultimate pressure capacity (UPC) and have a sufficient margin to it even though the UPC of the reference plant (Shin-Kori Units 3 and 4) is used instead because the UPC calculation for EU-APR1400 has not been completed. The largest load on the containment by LBLOCA is estimated at 306.1 kPa. Thus the margin to UPC is estimated to be 330 % in comparison with 1.329 MPa as UPC for the reference plant.

  7. The Alberta Pregnancy Outcomes and Nutrition (APrON) cohort study: rationale and methods.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaplan, Bonnie J; Giesbrecht, Gerald F; Leung, Brenda M Y; Field, Catherine J; Dewey, Deborah; Bell, Rhonda C; Manca, Donna P; O'Beirne, Maeve; Johnston, David W; Pop, Victor J; Singhal, Nalini; Gagnon, Lisa; Bernier, Francois P; Eliasziw, Misha; McCargar, Linda J; Kooistra, Libbe; Farmer, Anna; Cantell, Marja; Goonewardene, Laki; Casey, Linda M; Letourneau, Nicole; Martin, Jonathan W

    2014-01-01

    The Alberta Pregnancy Outcomes and Nutrition (APrON) study is an ongoing prospective cohort study that recruits pregnant women early in pregnancy and, as of 2012, is following up their infants to 3 years of age. It has currently enrolled approximately 5000 Canadians (2000 pregnant women, their offspring and many of their partners). The primary aims of the APrON study were to determine the relationships between maternal nutrient intake and status, before, during and after gestation, and (1) maternal mood; (2) birth and obstetric outcomes; and (3) infant neurodevelopment. We have collected comprehensive maternal nutrition, anthropometric, biological and mental health data at multiple points in the pregnancy and the post-partum period, as well as obstetrical, birth, health and neurodevelopmental outcomes of these pregnancies. The study continues to follow the infants through to 36 months of age. The current report describes the study design and methods, and findings of some pilot work. The APrON study is a significant resource with opportunities for collaboration.

  8. Assistant Personal Robot (APR: Conception and Application of a Tele-Operated Assisted Living Robot

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduard Clotet

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the technical description, mechanical design, electronic components, software implementation and possible applications of a tele-operated mobile robot designed as an assisted living tool. This robotic concept has been named Assistant Personal Robot (or APR for short and has been designed as a remotely telecontrolled robotic platform built to provide social and assistive services to elderly people and those with impaired mobility. The APR features a fast high-mobility motion system adapted for tele-operation in plain indoor areas, which incorporates a high-priority collision avoidance procedure. This paper presents the mechanical architecture, electrical fundaments and software implementation required in order to develop the main functionalities of an assistive robot. The APR uses a tablet in order to implement the basic peer-to-peer videoconference and tele-operation control combined with a tactile graphic user interface. The paper also presents the development of some applications proposed in the framework of an assisted living robot.

  9. La construction du raisonnement dans le texte scientifique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lousada Eliane

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Cet article vise à présenter une analyse des projets de recherche rédigés par des étudiants en Lettres, qui sont inscrits dans un programme d’Initiation à la recherche Scientifique. Dans cet article, nous allons nous concentrer principalement sur le développement du contenu thématique et aussi sur l’utilisation des types de discours (Bronckart, 1999. Pour aboutir à notre objectif, nous nous appuyons sur la théorie de l’Interactionnisme socio-discursif (dorénavant ISD, surtout les notions de genres textuel, contenu thématique et types de discours (Bronckart 1999 [1997], 2003, 2006, 2007, 2008 et aussi sur des études sur le genre textuel projet de recherche (Machado, Lousada, Abreu-Tardelli, 2005; Leitão, 2008; Motta-Roth, Hendges, 2010. Le corpus recueilli se compose de neuf projets des étudiants en Lettres, qui ont participé ou participent pendant un an au Programme d’Initiation à la recherche Scientifique de l’Université de São Paulo. En ce qui concerne l’utilisation du type de discours théorique, nous vérifions les formes de raisonnement logique-argumentatif textualisées par l’utilisation ce type de discours (Bronckart, 2008; Bronckart, Bulea, 2008. Nous allons montrer d’abord notre introduction avec nos objectifs, après notre cadre théorique et la méthodologie de notre travail, puis nous nous centrerons sur les analyses effectuées pour enfin présenter nos considérations finales.

  10. Une aristocratie dans la démocratie ? Le débat politique sur la chambre des pairs au début de la Monarchie de Juillet (et ses conditions historiques et théoriques)

    OpenAIRE

    Jacouty, Jean-François

    2008-01-01

    En octobre 1831, la Chambre des députés de la Monarchie de Juillet débat sur la pairie. La suppression, ou le maintien, de son hérédité est l'enjeu d'une réforme qui conclut la révision de la Charte, votée après la révolution de 1830. C'est aussi un nouvel épisode de la lutte entre les deux forces politiques qui se disputent le régime de Juillet : le « centre » (majoritaire) et le « mouvement » (l'opposition). Deux cultures politiques s'opposent. Modérés et libéraux (classiques) défendent le ...

  11. ANALYZING THE DETERMINANTS OF THE VOTING BEHAVIOR USING A GENETIC ALGORITHM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vizcaino-Gonzalez, Marcos

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Using data about votes emitted by funds in meetings held by United States banks from 2003 to 2013, we apply a genetic algorithm to a set of financial variables in order to detect the determinants of the vote direction. Our findings indicate that there are three main explanatory factors: the market value of the firm, the shareholder activism measured as the total number of funds voting, and the temporal context, which reflects the influence of recent critical events affecting the banking industry, including bankruptcies, reputational failures, and mergers and acquisitions. As a result, considering that voting behavior has been empirically linked to reputational harms, these findings can be considered as a useful insight about the keys that should be taken into account in order to achieve an effective reputational risk management strategy.

  12. 76 FR 11491 - Advisory Council on Blood Stem Cell Transplantation; Request for Nominations for Voting Members

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-02

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Health Resources and Services Administration Advisory Council on Blood Stem Cell Transplantation; Request for Nominations for Voting Members AGENCY: Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA), HHS. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA)...

  13. Voting Places, Published in 2008, 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, Brown County, WI.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Voting Places dataset, published at 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Orthoimagery information as of 2008. Data by this publisher are...

  14. On the Manipulability of Voting Systems: Application to Multi-Carrier Networks

    CERN Document Server

    Durand, François; Noirie, Ludovic

    2012-01-01

    Today, Internet involves many actors who are making revenues on it (operators, companies, service providers,...). It is therefore important to be able to make fair decisions in this large-scale and highly competitive economical ecosystem. One of the main issues is to prevent actors from manipulating the natural outcome of the decision process. For that purpose, game theory is a natural framework. In that context, voting systems represent an interesting alternative that, to our knowledge, has not yet been considered. They allow competing entities to decide among different options. Strong theoretical results showed that all voting systems are susceptible to be manipulated by one single voter, except for some "degenerated" and non-acceptable cases. However, very little is known about how much a voting system is manipulable in practical scenarios. In this paper, we investigate empirically the use of voting systems for choosing end-to-end paths in multi-carrier networks, analyzing their manipulability and their ec...

  15. 75 FR 1614 - Submission for OMB Review-2010 Election Administration and Voting Survey; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-12

    ... submitted to OMB within 30 days of this notice. Comments should be sent to the attention of the Alex Hunt... Administration and Voting Survey. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Ms. Karen Lynn-Dyson or Ms. Shelly Anderson...

  16. Election Districts and Precincts, Voting Precinct Shapefile, Published in unknown, Cleveland County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Election Districts and Precincts dataset, was produced all or in part from Other information as of unknown. It is described as 'Voting Precinct Shapefile'. Data...

  17. Voting Places, GIS layer on our website, Published in 2008, Sauk County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Voting Places dataset, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 2008. It is described as 'GIS layer on our website'. Data by this publisher are...

  18. Election Districts and Precincts, VotingDistricts, Published in 2008, Millard County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Election Districts and Precincts dataset, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 2008. It is described as 'VotingDistricts'. Data by this...

  19. Equazioni: le icone del sapere

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    S. Bais

    2009-01-01

    Il mistero del cosmo è scritto nel linguaggio della matematica, e le equazioni sono le frasi che ne esprimono la bellezza e la profondità. Cercare di spiegare la scienza senza equazioni è come cercare di spiegare l’arte senza illustrazioni: partendo da questo presupposto, Sander Bais presenta una ga

  20. Consideration of MAAP 5.0.2 ESF Model Characteristics for APR1400 NPP

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Seo, Mi Ro; Kim, Hyeong Taek [KHNP-CRI, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

    2014-10-15

    After the Fukushima accident, EPRI has developed the MAAP (Modular Accident Analysis Program) version 5 that is expected to make up the limitation of MAAP4, that is to say, the appropriateness of the model for the severe accident phenomena and the applicability to the phenomena in the spent fuel pool and the halfloop operation. Up to now, the newest version of MAAP is 5.0.2 (Build 5020000) that was released officially in December, 2013. In addition to this, it is expected that MAAP 5.0.3 version will be published sooner or later. As a kind of post-Fukushima measures, KHNP is developing the probabilistic safety assessment (PSA) and severe accident management guideline (SAMG) for low power and shutdown (LPSD) mode and MAAP 5.0.2 should be used in these projects as a major analysis program. So, first of all, it is necessary that the parameter file for domestic NPP should be upgraded as current Ver. MAAP4 to Ver. MAAP 5.0.2. KHNP has developed the draft version of parameter file for APR1400 type NPP and is being upgraded continuously. The Engineering Safety Features (ESF) model is one of the unique features of MAAP. In this study, we try to share the general information of the MAAP ESF model and the specific characteristics of APR1400 ESF model based on the newly developed MAAP 5.0.2 parameter file. Currently, while developing the LPSD PSA and LPSD SAMG as a kind of post-Fukushima measures, KHNP have the plan in order to upgrade the old parameter file based on MAAP4 to that based on MAAP5.0.2 for all domestic nuclear power plants. And, as the first effort, we are developing the MAAP 5.0.2 parameter file for APR1400 type NPP. In this study, we tried to develop the more accurate and reasonable ESF model of APR1400. In this process, we can find the distinctions and characteristics of specific ESF model and generalized ESF model of MAAP5.0.2. Also, we can eliminate the confusing concepts existed in the two models. So, it is judged that the newly developed MAAP5