WorldWideScience

Sample records for appropriate technology

  1. Technology Selection and Appropriate Technology

    OpenAIRE

    Englander, A. Steven

    1981-01-01

    This paper provides a formal model of technology choice by a single region. Case studies have indicated that the technology acquired by LDCs often seem unsuitable, although the criteria for suitability are often unclear. The reasons which are presented for inappropriateness of the selection often rely more on political arguments then economic ones, or treat the recipient country as a passive actor in the whole process. Can a technology actively selected by a recipient country ever by inapprop...

  2. Chemical technology for appropriate development

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Van Brakel, J.

    1978-01-01

    'Chemical technology for appropriate development' is basicly a critical review of the literature. It gives a conceptual analysis of so called appropriate technology and the choice of production systems for less-development countries. The role of about 40 organizations active in this emerging field a

  3. Appropriate technology. [Criteria and recommendations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    McRobie, G.

    1979-08-01

    The impact of technology transfers on the work force of developing countries can, if the technology is inappropriate to the needs and expectations of the country, lead to mass migration to urban areas and the creation of social, economic, and environmental problems that defy solution. The concept of intermedite technology, as espoused by E.F. Schumacher, is explained as appropriate if it meets most of the criteria of relative smallness, simplicity, capital cheapness, and nonviolence. These criteria are applied to several industries (construction, sugar production, cotton spinning, soap, and mini-hydro) to illustrate what is already occurring in some areas to scale down some large-scale technologies and to scale up some village technologies. Infrastructure planning, alternatives to bureaucracy, and contributions available to large industrial firms are suggested. 9 references.

  4. Appropriation of security technologies in the workplace

    OpenAIRE

    Parkin, S.; Krol, K.

    2015-01-01

    Using two case studies, we examine the appropriation of security technologies by employees in organisations. We find that employees adapt security technologies and procedures in many different ways, and that the implications of adaptation for employees’ productive tasks and the wider organisation are not considered in process. We want to understand how appropriation within technology use can be observed, so that organisations can reconcile unanticipated security adaptions with standard practi...

  5. Chautauqua notebook: appropriate technology on radio

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Renz, B.

    1981-01-01

    Experiences in establishing and maintaining a regional call-in information-exchange radio show (Chautauqua) on energy conservation, appropriate technology, renewable energy sources, and self-reliance are discussed. Information is presented on: appropriate technology; the Chautauquaa concept; topics discussed; research performed; guests; interviewing tips; types of listeners; program features; where to find help; promotion and publicity; the technical and engineering aspects; the budget and funding; and station policies. (MCW)

  6. The CANDU Reactor System: An Appropriate Technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robertson, J A

    1978-02-10

    CANDU power reactors are characterized by the combination of heavy water as moderator and pressure tubes to contain the fuel and coolant. Their excellent neutron economy provides the simplicity and low costs of once-through natural-uranium fueling. Future benefits include the prospect of a near-breeder thorium fuel cycle to provide security of fuel supply without the need to develop a new reactor such as the fast breeder. These and other features make the CANDU system an appropriate technology for countries, like Canada, of intermediate economic and industrial capacity. PMID:17788102

  7. Relations between the technological standards and technological appropriation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Alberto PRADO GUERRERO

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study is to analyze the educational practices of using Blackboard in blended learning environments with students of higher education to understand the relationship between technological appropriation and standards of educational technology. To achieve that goal, the following research question was raised: ¿To what extent are the standards of education technology with the appropriation of technology in blended learning environments in higher educa­tion related? The contextual framework of this work includes the following topics: the institution, teaching, teachers and students. The design methodology that was used is of a correlation type. Correlations were carried out to determine the frequency and level in the technological standards as well as the appropriation of technology. In the comparison of the results obtained by the students, the teachers and the platform; we found that students in the school study showed a high degree of technology ownership and this was the same for the performance shown on the technological standards. It was established that teachers play a key role in developing the techno­logical appropriation of students and performance in technology standards.

  8. Appropriate technology for sustainable food security:

    OpenAIRE

    Pinstrup-Andersen, Per

    2001-01-01

    CONTENTS: Brief 1. Overview / Per Pinstrup-Andersen Brief 2. Farmer-Based Agro-Ecological Technology / Jules Pretty Brief 3. Conventional Research-Based Technology / Prabhu Pingali Brief 4. Modern Biotechnology / Calestous Juma Brief 5. Modern Technology for African Agriculture / Jennifer Thomson Brief 6. Information and Communcations Technologies / Nuimuddin Chowdhury Brief 7. GIS, GPS, and Remote Sensing / Uwe Deichmann and Stanley Wood Brief 8. Alternative Energy Sources / R. K. Pachauri a...

  9. Appropriate Uses of Modern Technology. Classroom Tips

    Science.gov (United States)

    American Federation of Teachers (NJ), 2010

    2010-01-01

    Modern technology and the Internet have opened the door to a plethora of new opportunities to learn. It is now easier to research, communicate and study, thanks to advances in technology. There are, however, problems and dangers associated with new technology. Teachers need to remain up to date on these advances. The widespread popularity of…

  10. Digital Citizenship: Addressing Appropriate Technology Behavior

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ribble, Mike S.; Bailey, Gerald D.; Ross, Tweed W.

    2004-01-01

    Recently, the popular press has pointed to increasing evidence of misuse and abuse of emerging technologies in U.S. schools. Some examples include using Web sites to intimidate or threaten students, downloading music illegally from the Internet, plagiarizing information using the Internet, using cellular phones during class time, and playing games…

  11. Appropriate Technology, Human Capital and Development Accounting

    OpenAIRE

    Chanda, Areendam; Farkas, Beatrice

    2012-01-01

    Over the past decade, research explaining cross country income differences has increasingly pointed to the dominant role of total factor productivity (TFP) gaps as opposed to factor accumulation. Nevertheless, it is a widely held belief that a country’s ability to absorb and implement technologies is tied to its human capital. In this paper, we implement this idea in a novel specification and explore its quantitative implications within a development accounting framework. In our model, interm...

  12. Efficient Technology and Appropriate Life-styles

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nørgaard, Jørgen

    1998-01-01

    The paper suggests that the energy chain model of converting primary energy into energy services should be extended to include also the lifestyles. A pittfall from looking solely at the technical efficiency is revealed. Various examples indicates economic saturations among consumers in the most...... wealthy countries. Similarly, examples of alternatives to Gross Domestic Product as an indicator of progress show steady declines in the countries with high GDP, which is suggesting a decline in the efficiencies in the economies and the lifestyles. The potentials for reducing electricity consumption in...... Europe by combining changes in technology with changes in lifestyles and economy are demonstrated with results from a Low Electricity Europe study....

  13. ICT, Community Memory and Technological Appropriation

    CERN Document Server

    Torrens, Rodrigo; Urribarri, Raisa

    2008-01-01

    The core mission of universities and higher education institutions is to make public the results of their work and to preserve the collective memory of the institution. This includes the effective use of information and communication technologies (ICT) to systematically compile academic and research achievements as well as disseminate effectively this accumulated knowledge to society at large. Current efforts in Latin America and Venezuela in particular, are limited but provide some valuable insights to pave the road to this important goal. The institutional repository of Universidad de Los Andes (ULA) in Venezuela (www.saber.ula.ve) is such an example of ICT usage to store, manage and disseminate digital material produced by our University. In this paper we elaborate on the overall process of promoting a culture of content creation, publishing and preservation within ULA.

  14. Towards a Holistic Understanding of Technology-mediated Learning Appropriation

    OpenAIRE

    Janson, Andreas; Söllner, Matthias; Leimeister, Jan Marco

    2015-01-01

    Information technology in the learning process is one major success factor for innovative learning scenarios. A necessary pre-condition is the faithful appropriation of technology-mediated learning (TML) to ensure learning outcomes. However, research still lacks insights concerning determinants and consequences of a faithful TML appropriation. Therefore, this research-in-progress paper presents a mixed-methods research approach to gain a holistic understanding of TML appropriation. First, ...

  15. Design Methodology for Appropriate Technology: Engineering as if People Mattered

    OpenAIRE

    Akbar Adhiutama; Corinthias P. M. Sianipar; Gatot Yudoko; Kiyoshi Dowaki

    2013-01-01

    Since the emerging of its idea circa four decades ago, Appropriate Technology (AT) had been proven as a comprehensive solution in a limited condition. However, practitioners & academia have different opinions with engineers on how an AT must be designed. Researchers had noted the crucial factors in the issue as such, and they gave a notion of the urgency for a dedicated design methodology for AT. This study, therefore, aims to provide it. Such methodology is developed by incorporating AT ...

  16. Appropriating Technologies for Contextual Knowledge: Mobile Personal Learning Environments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Attwell, Graham; Cook, John; Ravenscroft, Andrew

    The development of Technology Enhanced Learning has been dominated by the education paradigm. However social software and new forms of knowledge development and collaborative meaning making are challenging such domination. Technology is increasingly being used to mediate the development of work process knowledge and these processes are leading to the evolution of rhizomatic forms of community based knowledge development. Technologies can support different forms of contextual knowledge development through Personal Learning Environments. The appropriation or shaping of technologies to develop Personal Learning Environments may be seen as an outcome of learning in itself. Mobile devices have the potential to support situated and context based learning, as exemplified in projects undertaken at London Metropolitan University. This work provides the basis for the development of a Work Orientated MoBile Learning Environment (WOMBLE).

  17. Developmentally Appropriate Technology Practice: Exploring Myths and Perceptions of Early Childhood and Instructional Technology Professionals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blake, Sally; Winsor, Denise; Burkett, Candice; Allen, Lee

    2011-01-01

    The integration of technology in early childhood classrooms has become a controversial issue among professionals in this field. One issue which may influence technology in these classrooms may be perceptions of what is developmentally appropriate practice (DAP). This article explores perceptions about technology and age appropriate recommendations…

  18. Design Methodology for Appropriate Technology: Engineering as if People Mattered

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Akbar Adhiutama

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Since the emerging of its idea circa four decades ago, Appropriate Technology (AT had been proven as a comprehensive solution in a limited condition. However, practitioners & academia have different opinions with engineers on how an AT must be designed. Researchers had noted the crucial factors in the issue as such, and they gave a notion of the urgency for a dedicated design methodology for AT. This study, therefore, aims to provide it. Such methodology is developed by incorporating AT characteristics, fundamental issues in community empowerment, and the principles of existing design methodologies. The methodology emphasizes combination between bottom-up and top-down design approaches. It means that an AT must be started purely from local conditions rather than given technical specifications, and be given back to local people to be seamlessly integrated into their routines. It also underlines the crucial importance of community involvement throughout design stages. By looking at previous design methodologies that were developed based on pure Engineering Problem Solving (EPS, this study delivers a fresh and comprehensive one that covers surrounding issues and concepts to produce an AT based on the real meaning of technological appropriateness.

  19. Macro-Policies for Appropriate Technology: An Introductory Classification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stewart, Frances

    1983-01-01

    Considers government policies that may affect production units' decisions about technology. Discusses the relevance of a national economy's sociopolitical framework and classifies macropolicies according to their effects on the variables of objectives, resources, markets, and technologies. (SK)

  20. Appropriation of technology for collaboration : From mastery to utilisation

    OpenAIRE

    Overdijk, M.

    2009-01-01

    Technologies for collaboration in education are designed to alter the interaction of learners with other learners in order to support or facilitate collaboration. The effect of these technologies is often explained from their structuring influence on the learners’ behaviour: the technology provides opportunities for action and exercises constraints so that specific ‘desired’ behaviour occurs, in accordance with the intentions of the educational designers. This rationale of ‘shaping behaviour’...

  1. Decision Analysis System for Selection of Appropriate Decontamination Technologies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ebadian, M.A.; Boudreaux, J.F.; Chinta, S.; Zanakis, S.H.

    1998-01-01

    The principal objective for designing Decision Analysis System for Decontamination (DASD) is to support DOE-EM's endeavor to employ the most efficient and effective technologies for treating radiologically contaminated surfaces while minimizing personnel and environmental risks. DASD will provide a tool for environmental decision makers to improve the quality, consistency, and efficacy of their technology selection decisions. The system will facilitate methodical comparisons between innovative and baseline decontamination technologies and aid in identifying the most suitable technologies for performing surface decontamination at DOE environmental restoration sites.

  2. Decision Analysis System for Selection of Appropriate Decontamination Technologies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The principal objective for designing Decision Analysis System for Decontamination (DASD) is to support DOE-EM's endeavor to employ the most efficient and effective technologies for treating radiologically contaminated surfaces while minimizing personnel and environmental risks. DASD will provide a tool for environmental decision makers to improve the quality, consistency, and efficacy of their technology selection decisions. The system will facilitate methodical comparisons between innovative and baseline decontamination technologies and aid in identifying the most suitable technologies for performing surface decontamination at DOE environmental restoration sites

  3. Local power production at the end consumer - appropriate technologies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The report describes and evaluates a selection of technologies which may be adequate for a local power production at the end consumer. Contrary to may other technology surveys it is focused on small-scale production units that also may be of interest to small consumers. For the various technologies the particular technology is described and an evaluation of the suitability to Norwegian conditions is carried out. For each technology the following is described: 1) The technology in general. 2) Construction and technology trends. 3) Environmental conditions, operation and maintenance. 4) Experiences. 5) Key facts/data. It has to be emphasised that all the technologies are in development and this report describes them as they are in 2002 except for general conditions which always will exist. It has not been possible to obtain exact facts regarding the investment costs and the costs for each produced kWhelectricity or kWhheat for many of the technologies because they are new and mass production has not yet started. In an appendix a form is presented for use in obtaining information from equipment suppliers. Later in the project there will be developed a model for calculating the profitability of such investments as well. Technologies such as small-scale wind and hydropower units are the technologies most suited for Norway in a short perspective. In the years to come it is probable that technologies which use biologic fuel/waste of some kind would be used to some extent. In a longer perspective technologies as the Stirling engine and fuel cells may be of interest. The micro gas turbines and combustion engines may be current technologies if the distribution network for natural gas is developed. For these technologies the utilisation of waste heat would approximately double the efficiency and halve the operation costs. Various external conditions will play a major part in the spreading of the local power production. The political, legal and economical external conditions

  4. Modeling energy technology choices. Which investment analysis tools are appropriate?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A variety of tools from modern investment theory appear to hold promise for unraveling observed energy technology investment behavior that often appears anomalous when analyzed using traditional investment analysis methods. This paper reviews the assumptions and important insights of the investment theories most commonly suggested as candidates for explaining the apparent ''energy technology investment paradox''. The applicability of each theory is considered in the light of important aspects of energy technology investment problems, such as sunk costs, uncertainty and imperfect information. The theories addressed include the capital asset pricing model, the arbitrage pricing theory, and the theory of irreversible investment. Enhanced net present value methods are also considered. (author)

  5. The Appropriation and Repurposing of Social Technologies in Higher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hemmi, A.; Bayne, S.; Land, R.

    2009-01-01

    This paper presents some of the findings from a recent project that conducted a virtual ethnographic study of three formal courses in higher education that use "Web 2.0" or social technologies for learning and teaching. It describes the pedagogies adopted within these courses, and goes on to explore some key themes emerging from the research and…

  6. The disconnect in the appropriation of new technologies into students’ everyday lives. A three country comparison.

    OpenAIRE

    Caron, André H.; Nili Berner; Pierre-Luc Chabot

    2011-01-01

    There is little doubt that students eagerly appropriate new technologies into their lives.  However, the authors wanted to explore what steps would be needed to ensure a proper appropriation of new technologies when applied to academic settings.  This paper presents a 3-country comparison of students reporting on their academic activities and technology use in everyday life. Though the numbers vary slightly within each country, the final results show an overall disconnect between the amount o...

  7. Technological solution for vulnerable communities: Questioning the sustainability of Appropriate Technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sianipar, C. P. M.; Dowaki, K.; Yudoko, G.

    2015-01-01

    Vulnerability eradication has become an emerging concern in today's society following the increasing uncertainties in achieving societal resilience, particularly in vulnerable communities. Furthermore, incorporating technological solution, especially appropriate technology (AT), into such concern requires interdisciplinary understandings to achieve a holistic eradication based on the particularities of each community. This study aims to briefly reveal existing scholarly discourses and investigate potential gap(s) between previous researches. Literatures, particularly consisting meta-analysis on previous scholarly discussions, are surveyed. The findings reveal three progress among scientific discourses. The first one is the paradigm shift of developmental purposes from typical development to empowerment. Next, concerns in technology development indicate the parallel movement toward empowerment. Then, previous methodological developments, including approach in sustaining AT, indicate the needs to assess the future based on sustainability. Therefore, a new research is proposed to develop an assessment framework on AT for vulnerability eradication on the basis of empowerment paradigm, extended focuses in technology development, and extended coverage of future changes in dynamic matter. The framework needs to be developed based on the combination of positivist-deductive-qualitative research paradigms. This is intended to generalize the framework for being used in different cases, to build an applicative framework as an integral part of existing body of knowledge, and to develop an enriched and flexible construction of framework. Looking at existing researches, this brief study proposes insights to move scientific progress toward a more holistic vulnerability eradication using AT solution both in conceptual and practical levels.

  8. Technological solution for vulnerable communities: Questioning the sustainability of Appropriate Technology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Vulnerability eradication has become an emerging concern in today's society following the increasing uncertainties in achieving societal resilience, particularly in vulnerable communities. Furthermore, incorporating technological solution, especially appropriate technology (AT), into such concern requires interdisciplinary understandings to achieve a holistic eradication based on the particularities of each community. This study aims to briefly reveal existing scholarly discourses and investigate potential gap(s) between previous researches. Literatures, particularly consisting meta-analysis on previous scholarly discussions, are surveyed. The findings reveal three progress among scientific discourses. The first one is the paradigm shift of developmental purposes from typical development to empowerment. Next, concerns in technology development indicate the parallel movement toward empowerment. Then, previous methodological developments, including approach in sustaining AT, indicate the needs to assess the future based on sustainability. Therefore, a new research is proposed to develop an assessment framework on AT for vulnerability eradication on the basis of empowerment paradigm, extended focuses in technology development, and extended coverage of future changes in dynamic matter. The framework needs to be developed based on the combination of positivist-deductive-qualitative research paradigms. This is intended to generalize the framework for being used in different cases, to build an applicative framework as an integral part of existing body of knowledge, and to develop an enriched and flexible construction of framework. Looking at existing researches, this brief study proposes insights to move scientific progress toward a more holistic vulnerability eradication using AT solution both in conceptual and practical levels

  9. Prospects for Appropriate Technology: Clues from the Philosophy of E. F. Schumacher.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Willoughby, Kelvin

    1985-01-01

    Discusses the role of technology in environmental affairs. The background of the appropriate technology movement and an analysis of its practicability and viability are provided. Five metaphysical propositions are reviewed and the importance of meta-technological factors is emphasized. (ML)

  10. Department of Energy--appropriate technology small grants program: final rule.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-02-01

    This rule prescribes amendments to the Program Guidelines for the Appropriate Technology Small Grants Program which were issued pursuant to the Energy Research and Development Administration Appropriation Authorization of 1977. The full text of Part 470, as amended, is set forth in this final rule. PMID:10247837

  11. Passport to Digital Citizenship: Journey toward Appropriate Technology Use at School and at Home

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ribble, Mike

    2009-01-01

    Technology has changed people's lives. In fewer than 30 years, people have gone from barely hearing about cell phones, laptops, and MP3 players to almost not being able to live without them. Digital citizenship describes the norms of appropriate, responsible behavior with regard to technology use. In this article, the author presents nine elements…

  12. Ex-situ Technology Appropriation: A case of collaborative interpretation writing

    OpenAIRE

    Polli, Anna Maria; Verdezoto, Nervo; Alzubaidi R-Smith, Nawfal

    2015-01-01

    In order to understand the situated nature of interaction, research has shown that investigating technology appropriation experiences in the real context of use deserve special attention when designing interactive technologies. In this paper, we report on the results of a design experiment regarding technology support for collaborative interpretation in an art gallery. We explore visitors’ practices of commenting on and interpreting an artwork, and how these practices are shaped in interactio...

  13. Distance Education in Another Register: Uses and Appropriation of Technologies in Teacher Education

    OpenAIRE

    BELMIRA OLIVEIRA-BUENO; ADOLFO SAMUEL DE OLIVEIRA

    2008-01-01

    The article explores the relationships between distance education, information and communication technologies and teacher education. Its focus is on the interactive media and its uses in an in-service teacher education program, in Brazil, and on the ways the teachers used the technologies doing their own appropriateness. It departs from the presuppositions of the society of knowledge, that is, the close relationships between new technologies, continuing professional development and social inc...

  14. A Method for Selection of Appropriate Assistive Technology for Computer Access

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jenko, Mojca

    2010-01-01

    Assistive technologies (ATs) for computer access enable people with disabilities to be included in the information society. Current methods for assessment and selection of the most appropriate AT for each individual are nonstandardized, lengthy, subjective, and require substantial clinical experience of a multidisciplinary team. This manuscript…

  15. Appropriation, Mastery and Resistance to Technology in Early Childhood Preservice Teacher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laffey, James

    2004-01-01

    This report describes how early childhood preservice teachers appropriate, master, and/or resist learning to use technology in teaching. The data collected were part of a three-year study supported by the National Science Foundation of an entire teacher education program to investigate how preservice teachers (PSTs) become socialized to the role…

  16. A new model for enabling innovation in appropriate technology for sustainable development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joshua Pearce

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available The task of providing for basic human necessities such as food, water, shelter, and employment is growing as the world’s population continues to expand amid climate destabilization. One of the greatest challenges to development and innovation is access to relevant knowledge for quick technological dissemination. However, with the rise and application of advanced information technologies there is a great opportunity for knowledge building, community interaction, innovation, and collaboration using various online platforms. This article examines the potential of a novel model to enable innovation for collaborative enterprise, learning, and appropriate technology development on a global scale.

  17. Adoption and appropriation: toward a new theoretical framework.An exploratory research on mobile technologies in french companies

    OpenAIRE

    Isaac, Henri; Besseyre Des Horts, Charles-Henri; Leclercq, Aurélie

    2006-01-01

    The objective of this research is to propose an alternative theoretical model that goes beyond the well-accepted separation between adoption and appropriation. The theoretical analysis of appropriation ignores the question of adoption of the technology. As mobile technologies can be used for private or business purposes, and because employees have often a prior experience with mobile technologies before joining a company, the linkage between adoption and appropriation of mobile technologies s...

  18. The disconnect in the appropriation of new technologies into students’ everyday lives. A three country comparison.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    André H. Caron

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available There is little doubt that students eagerly appropriate new technologies into their lives.  However, the authors wanted to explore what steps would be needed to ensure a proper appropriation of new technologies when applied to academic settings.  This paper presents a 3-country comparison of students reporting on their academic activities and technology use in everyday life. Though the numbers vary slightly within each country, the final results show an overall disconnect between the amount of time students allot to technology use and academic activities. Overall, the findings shed some much needed statistical light on the current reality of students’ technological and academic habits. The authors propose possible next steps to take in order to better understand this phenomenon. Ultimately, this study urges educators and students alike to gather more information about the role social media plays in students’ lives. A better understanding of the situation could eventually lead to the successful integration of new technologies in academia.

  19. Collaborative Appropriation: How Couples, Teams, Groups and Communities Adapt and Adopt Technologies

    OpenAIRE

    Muller, Michael; Neureiter, Katja; Verdezoto, Nervo; Krischkowsky, Alina; Al Zubaidi-Polli, Anna Maria; Tscheligi, Manfred

    2016-01-01

    Previous workshops and papers have examined how individual users adopt and adapt technologies to meet their own local needs, by “completing design through use.” However, there has been little systematic study of how groups of people engage collaboratively in these activities. This workshop opens a discussion for these under-studied forms of collaborative appropriation, using a broad range of perspectives including empirical data, design explorations, research, and critique.

  20. Free, Social, and Inclusive: Appropriation and Resistance of New Media Technologies in Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Horst, Heather A.

    2011-01-01

    This article analyzes how new media are being appropriated within the Brazilian society. Exploring a range of new media practices-from the use of social network sites, microblogging, gaming, music, video production, and digital photography to youth media programs, LAN houses, and online communities-this article examines changes in the production, consumption, and distribution of new media in Brazil. Specifically, it explores different orientations around new media technology as they emerge in...

  1. The impact of priming on new technology appropriation: An extension of adaptive structuration theory

    OpenAIRE

    Comi, Alice; Eppler, Martin J.; Herrmann, Andreas

    2012-01-01

    In this paper we present a theoretical and methodological extension of Adaptive Structuration Theory (AST), as applicable to information systems (IS), by showing how technology appropriation can be influenced and measured. We address the questions of how people react to novel user interfaces – specifically, an interactive online product configurator – and if that reaction can be influenced through two priming mechanisms. To answer these questions, we experimentally assess if priming use...

  2. The use and appropriation of the mobile telephony technologies by the rural Bangladeshi farmers

    OpenAIRE

    Bidit L. Dey

    2009-01-01

    This paper is based on the initial understandings gained from the first half of my doctoral research, that investigates how the mobile telephony technologies can be used and appropriated by the rural Bangladeshi farmers and what could be the potential impacts of such interaction. The research tries to find a relation between the issues raised by the ICT for development literatures and the theoretical underpinnings gained from information systems and marketing. This paper has been developed af...

  3. Distance Education in Another Register: Uses and Appropriation of Technologies in Teacher Education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    BELMIRA OLIVEIRA-BUENO

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available The article explores the relationships between distance education, information and communication technologies and teacher education. Its focus is on the interactive media and its uses in an in-service teacher education program, in Brazil, and on the ways the teachers used the technologies doing their own appropriateness. It departs from the presuppositions of the society of knowledge, that is, the close relationships between new technologies, continuing professional development and social inclusion, arguing that thisparadigm is an ideological discourse. The article shows how the teachers have used the technologies in creative ways, calling the attention to the importance of this teachers’ abilities as a basic skill to facing the challenges of the society of knowledge itself.

  4. Projects from Federal Region IX: Department of Energy Appropriate Energy Technology Program. Part II

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Case, C.W.; Clark, H.R.; Kay, J.; Lucarelli, F.B.; Rizer, S.

    1980-01-01

    Details and progress of appropriate energy technology programs in Region IX are presented. In Arizona, the projects are Solar Hot Water for the Prescott Adult Center and Solar Prototype House for a Residential Community. In California, the projects are Solar AquaDome Demonstration Project; Solar Powered Liquid Circulating Pump; Appropriate Energy Technology Resource Center; Digester for Wastewater Grown Aquatic Plants; Performance Characteristics of an Anaerobic Wastewater Lagoon Primary Treatment System; Appropriate Energy/Energy Conservation Demonstration Project; Solar Energy for Composting Toilets; Dry Creek Rancheria Solar Demonstration Projects; Demonstration for Energy Retrofit Analysis and Implementation; and Active Solar Space Heating System for the Integral Urban House. In Hawaii, the projects are: Java Plum Electric; Low-Cost Pond Digesters for Hawaiian Pig Farm Energy Needs; Solar Beeswax Melter; Methane Gas Plant for Operating Boilers and Generating Steam; and Solar Water Heating in Sugarcane Seed-Treatment Plants. A Wind-Powered Lighted Navigation Buoys Project for Guam is also described. A revised description of the Biogas Energy for Hawaiian Small Farms and Homesteads is given in an appendix.

  5. Appropriate technology in environmental sanitation; Kaihatsu tojokoku ni okeru kankyo eisei bunya no tekisei gijutsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kitawaki, H. [Toyo Univ., Gunma (Japan)

    1997-10-05

    For solving the problems of environmental sanitation in developing countries, assistance projects in respect of the supply of safe water and the maintenance of urine/waste water treating facility are developed by the aid organizations and civilian organizations of Japan. However, the funds, technology, capable persons, materials, etc. in developing countries are restricted in various ways, so there are a lot of cases that can not be approached by the methods in developed countries. In this paper, the appropriate technology in the environmental sanitation field in developing countries is described with practical cases. For example, there is a case that, regarding the wastewater treatment, a stabilizing pool is a safer treatment than the activated sludge process. Since the retention time in the stabilizing pool is longer than 10 days, parasitic worms in feces is settled and germs die out considerably. On the other hand, although the activated sludge process has a good removal rate of BOD, it is not an appropriate technology in developing countries because the removal rate of parasitic worms and germs are not good thus a disinfection is necessary, and additionally the electric power is rather consumed in operation. 2 refs., 4 figs., 1 tab.

  6. INVESTIGATION OF AN APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY FORECASTING PROCESS FOR SASOL FOR THE NEW ENERGY ERA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. Ma

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available

    ENGLISH ABSTRACT: Sasol is predominantly an energy-based company. The energy industry is undergoing a fundamental transformation that may have a profound impact on Sasol’s overall business. This study has been carried out to investigate the need to establish an appropriate technology forecasting process for the new energy era. Although there exist some evidence of technology forecasting within Sasol, they are scattered and unsophisticated. Technology forecasting as a tool enables managers to make better decisions and encourages networking and knowledge sharing within the organization, an important trait of a ‘Learning Organization’. A theoretical framework of technology forecasting for Sasol is thereby formulated.

    AFRIKAANSE OPSOMMING: Sasol is hoofsaaklik 'n energie-gebaseerde maatskappy. Die energie-industrie ondergaan tans 'n diepgaande transformasie wat 'n wesenlike impak kan hê op Sasol se totale besigheid. Hierdie studie is uitgevoer om die behoefte vir 'n toepaslike tegnologie-vooruitskattingsproses vir die nuwe energie-era te bepaal. Alhoewel daar bewyse bestaan vir tegnologie-vooruitskatting binne Sasol, is dit verspreid en ongesofistikeerd. Tegnologie-vooruitskatting is 'n gereedskapstuk wat bestuurders in staat stel om beter besluite te neem en bevorder die gebruik van netwerke en kennis-uitruiling binne die organisasie, 'n belangrike eienskap van 'n 'Lerende Organisasie'. 'n Teoretiese raamwerk vir tegnologie-vooruitskatting vir Sasol word sodoende geformuleer.

  7. Application and Development of Appropriate Tools and Technologies for Cost-Effective Carbon Sequestration

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bill Stanley; Sandra Brown; Patrick Gonzalez; Brent Sohngen; Neil Sampson; Mark Anderson; Miguel Calmon; Sean Grimland; Zoe Kant; Dan Morse; Sarah Woodhouse Murdock; Arlene Olivero; Tim Pearson; Sarah Walker; Jon Winsten; Chris Zganjar

    2007-03-31

    The Nature Conservancy is participating in a Cooperative Agreement with the Department of Energy (DOE) National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) to explore the compatibility of carbon sequestration in terrestrial ecosystems and the conservation of biodiversity. The title of the research project is ''Application and Development of Appropriate Tools and Technologies for Cost-Effective Carbon Sequestration''. The objectives of the project are to: (1) improve carbon offset estimates produced in both the planning and implementation phases of projects; (2) build valid and standardized approaches to estimate project carbon benefits at a reasonable cost; and (3) lay the groundwork for implementing cost-effective projects, providing new testing ground for biodiversity protection and restoration projects that store additional atmospheric carbon. This Technical Progress Report discusses preliminary results of the six specific tasks that The Nature Conservancy is undertaking to answer research needs while facilitating the development of real projects with measurable greenhouse gas reductions. The research described in this report occurred between January 1st and March 31st 2007. The specific tasks discussed include: Task 1--carbon inventory advancements; Task 2--emerging technologies for remote sensing of terrestrial carbon; Task 3--baseline method development; Task 4--third-party technical advisory panel meetings; Task 5--new project feasibility studies; and Task 6--development of new project software screening tool.

  8. Application and Development of Appropriate Tools and Technologies for Cost-Effective Carbon Sequestration

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bill Stanley; Sandra Brown; Patrick Gonzalez; Brent Sohngen; Neil Sampson; Mark Anderson; Miguel Calmon; Sean Grimland; Ellen Hawes; Zoe Kant; Dan Morse; Sarah Woodhouse Murdock; Arlene Olivero; Tim Pearson; Sarah Walker; Jon Winsten; Chris Zganjar

    2006-09-30

    The Nature Conservancy is participating in a Cooperative Agreement with the Department of Energy (DOE) National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) to explore the compatibility of carbon sequestration in terrestrial ecosystems and the conservation of biodiversity. The title of the research project is ''Application and Development of Appropriate Tools and Technologies for Cost-Effective Carbon Sequestration''. The objectives of the project are to: (1) improve carbon offset estimates produced in both the planning and implementation phases of projects; (2) build valid and standardized approaches to estimate project carbon benefits at a reasonable cost; and (3) lay the groundwork for implementing cost-effective projects, providing new testing ground for biodiversity protection and restoration projects that store additional atmospheric carbon. This Technical Progress Report discusses preliminary results of the six specific tasks that The Nature Conservancy is undertaking to answer research needs while facilitating the development of real projects with measurable greenhouse gas reductions. The research described in this report occurred between April 1st and July 30th 2006. The specific tasks discussed include: Task 1: carbon inventory advancements; Task 2: emerging technologies for remote sensing of terrestrial carbon; Task 3: baseline method development; Task 4: third-party technical advisory panel meetings; Task 5: new project feasibility studies; and Task 6: development of new project software screening tool.

  9. Application and Development of Appropriate Tools and Technologies for Cost-Effective Carbon Sequestration

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bill Stanley; Patrick Gonzalez; Sandra Brown; Jenny Henman; Zoe Kant; Sarah Woodhouse Murdock; Neil Sampson; Gilberto Tiepolo; Tim Pearson; Sarah Walker; Miguel Calmon

    2006-01-01

    The Nature Conservancy is participating in a Cooperative Agreement with the Department of Energy (DOE) National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) to explore the compatibility of carbon sequestration in terrestrial ecosystems and the conservation of biodiversity. The title of the research project is ''Application and Development of Appropriate Tools and Technologies for Cost-Effective Carbon Sequestration''. The objectives of the project are to: (1) improve carbon offset estimates produced in both the planning and implementation phases of projects; (2) build valid and standardized approaches to estimate project carbon benefits at a reasonable cost; and (3) lay the groundwork for implementing cost-effective projects, providing new testing ground for biodiversity protection and restoration projects that store additional atmospheric carbon. This Technical Progress Report discusses preliminary results of the six specific tasks that The Nature Conservancy is undertaking to answer research needs while facilitating the development of real projects with measurable greenhouse gas reductions. The research described in this report occurred between April 1st , 2005 and June 30th, 2005. The specific tasks discussed include: Task 1: carbon inventory advancements; Task 2: emerging technologies for remote sensing of terrestrial carbon; Task 3: baseline method development; Task 4: third-party technical advisory panel meetings; Task 5: new project feasibility studies; and Task 6: development of new project software screening tool.

  10. Application and Development of Appropriate Tools and Technologies for Cost-Effective Carbon Sequestration

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bill Stanley; Patrick Gonzalez; Sandra Brown; Sarah Woodhouse Murdock; Jenny Henman; Zoe Kant; Gilberto Tiepolo; Tim Pearson; Neil Sampson; Miguel Calmon

    2005-10-01

    The Nature Conservancy is participating in a Cooperative Agreement with the Department of Energy (DOE) National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) to explore the compatibility of carbon sequestration in terrestrial ecosystems and the conservation of biodiversity. The title of the research project is ''Application and Development of Appropriate Tools and Technologies for Cost-Effective Carbon Sequestration''. The objectives of the project are to: (1) improve carbon offset estimates produced in both the planning and implementation phases of projects; (2) build valid and standardized approaches to estimate project carbon benefits at a reasonable cost; and (3) lay the groundwork for implementing cost-effective projects, providing new testing ground for biodiversity protection and restoration projects that store additional atmospheric carbon. This Technical Progress Report discusses preliminary results of the six specific tasks that The Nature Conservancy is undertaking to answer research needs while facilitating the development of real projects with measurable greenhouse gas reductions. The research described in this report occurred between April 1st , 2005 and June 30th, 2005. The specific tasks discussed include: Task 1: carbon inventory advancements; Task 2: emerging technologies for remote sensing of terrestrial carbon; Task 3: baseline method development; Task 4: third-party technical advisory panel meetings; Task 5: new project feasibility studies; and Task 6: development of new project software screening tool.

  11. Application and Development of Appropriate Tools and Technologies for Cost-Effective Carbon Sequestration

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bill Stanley; Patrick Gonzalez; Sandra Brown; Jenny Henman; Sarah Woodhouse Murdock; Neil Sampson; Tim Pearson; Sarah Walker; Zoe Kant; Miguel Calmon

    2006-04-01

    The Nature Conservancy is participating in a Cooperative Agreement with the Department of Energy (DOE) National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) to explore the compatibility of carbon sequestration in terrestrial ecosystems and the conservation of biodiversity. The title of the research project is ''Application and Development of Appropriate Tools and Technologies for Cost-Effective Carbon Sequestration''. The objectives of the project are to: (1) improve carbon offset estimates produced in both the planning and implementation phases of projects; (2) build valid and standardized approaches to estimate project carbon benefits at a reasonable cost; and (3) lay the groundwork for implementing cost-effective projects, providing new testing ground for biodiversity protection and restoration projects that store additional atmospheric carbon. This Technical Progress Report discusses preliminary results of the six specific tasks that The Nature Conservancy is undertaking to answer research needs while facilitating the development of real projects with measurable greenhouse gas reductions. The research described in this report occurred between January 1st and March 31st 2006. The specific tasks discussed include: Task 1: carbon inventory advancements; Task 2: emerging technologies for remote sensing of terrestrial carbon; Task 3: baseline method development; Task 4: third-party technical advisory panel meetings; Task 5: new project feasibility studies; and Task 6: development of new project software screening tool.

  12. What is an appropriate radiotherapy technology? A Pretoria Academic Hospital perspective

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: The opportunity to design a new radiation oncology facility only presents itself once in a professional lifetime (if you're lucky). The new Pretoria Academic Hospital evolved over a period of more than ten years of planning. Since there were no clear guidelines or budget presented during the acquisition of equipment we posed the question: what is appropriate? The factors determining appropriateness will be discussed and the various options tested against these. The recent experience of our facility with new equipment will be used as the basis for the arguments. Although there were national and regional plans available for oncology services, we were left in limbo with regard to budgets, expected service levels and time frames. Our department drew up a plan loosely based on the replacement of current technology with the equivalent new technology and rough estimates of expected patient numbers. We opted for a high tech approach. The next hurdle was to work within the tender system to draw up appropriate specifications and to manage the acquisition process. A sophisticated evaluation was done based on cost of ownership over a seven year period. The lessons learned from this experience will be shared. Commissioning of equipment and new techniques presented a huge challenge since it had to be performed with available resources while normal patient treatment had to be maintained. The whole philosophy of the department changed and we dragged a number of personnel kicking and screaming into the 21st century. As of today IMRT and SRS have become a routine part of life and IGRT capabilities are being developed. The experience in our department has shown how a high tech approach can be implemented successfully in a developing world setting to improve productivity and personnel morale. However, the needs and expectations vary between centres and our findings will be extrapolated to different scenarios. The answer to this question is neither clear cut nor static and

  13. Reactor Technology Options Study for Near-Term Deployment of GNEP Grid-Appropriate Reactors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ingersoll, Daniel T [ORNL; Poore III, Willis P [ORNL

    2007-09-01

    the GNEP vision may require the deployment of thousands of reactors during the next century in dozens of countries, many of which are in the developing world where nuclear energy is not used currently. Such a large-scale deployment will have significant implications related to both fuel supply and spent fuel/waste management, both domestically and worldwide. Consequently, GNEP must address the development and demonstration of proliferation-resistant technologies to ensure both a safe and sustainable nuclear fuel cycle, and reactor designs that are appropriate for the range of needs across the global community. The focus of this report is the latter need, that is, the development and demonstration of proliferation-resistant reactors that are well matched to the needs and capabilities of developing countries.

  14. Reactor Technology Options Study for Near-Term Deployment of GNEP Grid-Appropriate Reactors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    the GNEP vision may require the deployment of thousands of reactors during the next century in dozens of countries, many of which are in the developing world where nuclear energy is not used currently. Such a large-scale deployment will have significant implications related to both fuel supply and spent fuel/waste management, both domestically and worldwide. Consequently, GNEP must address the development and demonstration of proliferation-resistant technologies to ensure both a safe and sustainable nuclear fuel cycle, and reactor designs that are appropriate for the range of needs across the global community. The focus of this report is the latter need, that is, the development and demonstration of proliferation-resistant reactors that are well matched to the needs and capabilities of developing countries.

  15. APPLICATION AND DEVELOPMENT OF APPROPRIATE TOOLS AND TECHNOLOGIES FOR COST-EFFECTIVE CARBON

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bill Stanley; Sandra Brown; Ellen Hawes; Zoe Kant; Miguel Calmon; Patrick Gonzalez; Brad Kreps; Gilberto Tiepolo

    2003-09-01

    The Nature Conservancy is participating in a Cooperative Agreement with the Department of Energy (DOE) National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) to explore the compatibility of carbon sequestration in terrestrial ecosystems and the conservation of biodiversity. The title of the research project is ''Application and Development of Appropriate Tools and Technologies for Cost-Effective Carbon Sequestration''. The objectives of the project are to: (1) improve carbon offset estimates produced in both the planning and implementation phases of projects; (2) build valid and standardized approaches to estimate project carbon benefits at a reasonable cost; and (3) lay the groundwork for implementing cost-effective projects, providing new testing ground for biodiversity protection and restoration projects that store additional atmospheric carbon. This Technical Progress Report discusses preliminary results of the six specific tasks that The Nature Conservancy is undertaking to answer research needs while facilitating the development of real projects with measurable greenhouse gas impacts. The research described in this report occurred between July 1, 2002 and June 30, 2003. The specific tasks discussed include: Task 1: carbon inventory advancements; Task 2: advanced videography testing; Task 3: baseline method development; Task 4: third-party technical advisory panel meetings; Task 5: new project feasibility studies; and Task 6: development of new project software screening tool.

  16. THE APPLICATION AND DEVELOPMENT OF APPROPRIATE TOOLS AND TECHNOLOGIES FOR COST-EFFECTIVE CARBON SEQUESTRATION

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bill Stanley; Sandra Brown; Ellen Hawes; Zoe Kant; Miguel Calmon; Gilberto Tiepolo

    2002-09-01

    The Nature Conservancy is participating in a Cooperative Agreement with the Department of Energy (DOE) National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) to explore the compatibility of carbon sequestration in terrestrial ecosystems and the conservation of biodiversity. The title of the research projects is ''Application and Development of Appropriate Tools and Technologies for Cost-Effective Carbon Sequestration''. The objectives of the project are to: (1) improve carbon offset estimates produced in both the planning and implementation phases of projects; (2) build valid and standardized approaches to estimate project carbon benefits at a reasonable cost; and (3) lay the groundwork for implementing cost-effective projects, providing new testing ground for biodiversity protection and restoration projects that store additional atmospheric carbon. This Technical Progress Report discusses preliminary results of the six specific tasks that The Nature Conservancy is undertaking to answer research needs while facilitating the development of real projects with measurable greenhouse gas impacts. The specific tasks discussed include: Task 1: carbon inventory advancements; Task 2: advanced videography testing; Task 3: baseline method development; Task 4: third-party technical advisory panel meetings; Task 5: new project feasibility studies; and Task 6: development of new project software screening tool.

  17. Application and Development of Appropriate Tools and Technologies for Cost-Effective Carbon Sequestration

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bill Stanley; Sandra Brown; Patrick Gonzalez; Zoe Kant; Gilberto Tiepolo; Wilber Sabido; Ellen Hawes; Jenny Henman; Miguel Calmon; Michael Ebinger

    2004-07-10

    The Nature Conservancy is participating in a Cooperative Agreement with the Department of Energy (DOE) National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) to explore the compatibility of carbon sequestration in terrestrial ecosystems and the conservation of biodiversity. The title of the research project is ''Application and Development of Appropriate Tools and Technologies for Cost-Effective Carbon Sequestration''. The objectives of the project are to: (1) improve carbon offset estimates produced in both the planning and implementation phases of projects; (2) build valid and standardized approaches to estimate project carbon benefits at a reasonable cost; and (3) lay the groundwork for implementing cost-effective projects, providing new testing ground for biodiversity protection and restoration projects that store additional atmospheric carbon. This Technical Progress Report discusses preliminary results of the six specific tasks that The Nature Conservancy is undertaking to answer research needs while facilitating the development of real projects with measurable greenhouse gas impacts. The research described in this report occurred between July 1, 2002 and June 30, 2003. The specific tasks discussed include: Task 1: carbon inventory advancements; Task 2: remote sensing for carbon analysis; Task 3: baseline method development; Task 4: third-party technical advisory panel meetings; Task 5: new project feasibility studies; and Task 6: development of new project software screening tool.

  18. Appropriate Technological Development Guidelines for Rubber Plantation for Community Economic Development Using Local Wisdom in Northeastern Thailand

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Prathip Channuan

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: The agriculturists in northeastern Thailand had more rubber plantations. They faced the problem for high investments from using the new technologies. The purposes of the study was to examine appropriate technological development guide lines for rubber plantation for community economic development using local wisdom. Approach: As a qualitative research, documentary and fieldwork were carried out using a survey, interviews, observations and workshop. The research data were analyzed descriptively. Results: As each plantation owner expand his or her land for rubber trees, it was necessary for them to used appropriate technology handling the soil preparation, selecting the rubber saplings, spacing between rows and individual rubber tree, maintenance, fertilizer, pesticide and equipment needed for good quality rubber sheets. The rubber plantation owners realized that they needs appropriate technology and understanding to handle their own problem; They should know about the water drainage underneath each plot of land; the rubber stocks that could resist diseases and droughts and give more substance. Each rai of land should grow 76 rubber trees with 50×50×50 centimeters of each tree bed. The air flows for the plants should be calculated; homemade fertilizer, pesticide, equipment, the sipping and rubber sheets making should also be fully applied. Conclusion/Recommendation: The farmers developed the technologies for community economic development using local wisdom by improving the soils and adjusted to the climate and the geographical feature. They cooperated with the officials who support them to learn how using the appropriate technologies.

  19. Colombian initiatives in the Social Appropriation of Science and Technology: tendencies and challenges for a broader understanding of these dynamics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pérez-Bustos, Tania; Franco Avellaneda, Manuel; Lozano Borda, Marcela; Falla, Sigrid; Papagayo, Diana

    2012-03-01

    Is aimed at broadening Colombia's understanding of the social appropriation of science and technology, particularly the types of actors who promote initiatives in this sphere. Using a chain referral sampling methodology, a hundred such initiatives in Colombia were identified and documented, which were promoted by civil society, the State, business, the research community and mediators. The article further analyzes these iniciatives and indicates the challenges they represent, especially in breaking down the traditional approach to the social appropriation of science and technology in Colombia and replacing it with more participative strategies. PMID:22488378

  20. Esthetic experiences and technology – about the possibilities and potential uses and appropriations of smartphones

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Graziela Soares Bianchi

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper brings reflections and noteson the esthetic experiences in communication studies. Are thoughtful and related possibilities and movements in process from the appropriations of mobile platforms, especially smartphone, observed in a particular way, in their uses and appropriations for young users. Based in authors like Kerckhove (2009, Manovich (2001, Winocur (2009, among others, to reflect the communicative experience in the sociocultural context of mobility and interaction.

  1. DOE role in support of a small-scale appropriately distributed technology. Official transcript of public briefing and addendum

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    1978-08-01

    This report first lists 94 questions raised relative to the DOE public briefing on appropriate technology. The keynote speaker was John O'Leary who gave some perceptions of the future. The introductory speech was given by Phillip S. Hughes. Panel members from DOE who provided answers to the questions were: Maxine Savitz, John Deutch, Robert Thorne, and Donald Beattie. (MCW)

  2. Surplus Appropriation from R&D and Health Care Technology Assessment Procedures

    OpenAIRE

    Philipson, Tomas J.; Jena, Anupam B.

    2006-01-01

    Given the rapid growth in health care spending that is often attributed to technological change, many private and public institutions are grappling with how to best assess and adopt new health care technologies. The leading technology adoption criteria proposed in theory and used in practice involve so called "cost-effectiveness" measures. However, little is known about the dynamic efficiency implications of such criteria, in particular how they influence the R&D investments that make technol...

  3. From technological acceptability to appropriation by users : Methodological steps for device assessment in road safety

    OpenAIRE

    BORDEL, Stéphanie; Somat, Alain; BARBEAU, Hervé; ANCEAUX, Françoise; GREFFEUILLE, Catherine; MENGUY, Gaëlle; PACAUX, Marie-Pierre; Subirats, Peggy; TERRADE, Florence; GALLENNE, Marie Line

    2014-01-01

    This article presents the methodology developed within the framework of the research project SARI(Automated Road Surveillance for Driver and Administrator Information). This methodology is based onthe logic of action research. The article presents the different stages in the development of technolog-ical innovation addressing vehicle control loss when driving on a curve. The results observed in speedreduction illustrate that no matter how optimal an innovation may be technologically speaking,...

  4. Preservice Teachers' Conceptions about Computers: An Ongoing Search for Transformative Appropriations of Modern Technologies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Katic, Elvira K.

    2008-01-01

    Due to the variety of text forms that are being created as a result of improving information technologies, understandings of literacy must be broadened to include a variety of meaning-making modes in order to include different social, cultural, and material contexts. The following case study examined the conceptions of technology held by two…

  5. Unlocking Excellence with Keys to Quality: Align Appropriate Technologies within Your School's Strategic Improvement Plan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ware, Ann

    2009-01-01

    The leadership of today's schools supports both students' academic success and their preparation for employment in a global work environment. As stimulus funds become available to U.S. school districts, it remains critical that technology leaders align technology acquired with those funds with system-, school-, and classroom-identified student…

  6. From technological acceptability to appropriation by users: methodological steps for device assessment in road safety.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bordel, Stéphanie; Somat, Alain; Barbeau, Hervé; Anceaux, Françoise; Greffeuille, Catherine; Menguy, Gaëlle; Pacaux, Marie-Pierre; Subirats, Peggy; Terrade, Florence; Gallenne, Marie-Line

    2014-06-01

    This article presents the methodology developed within the framework of the research project SARI (Automated Road Surveillance for Driver and Administrator Information). This methodology is based on the logic of action research. The article presents the different stages in the development of technological innovation addressing vehicle control loss when driving on a curve. The results observed in speed reduction illustrate that no matter how optimal an innovation may be technologically speaking, it is only as effective as it is acceptable from a user standpoint. This acceptability can only be obtained if the technology is developed by engineers in liaison with social science specialists. PMID:24508421

  7. Selection of the Most Appropriate Technology of Reparatory Hard Facing of Working Parts on Universal Construction Machinery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. Marinkovic

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this work is to analyse the possibility to increase the service life of working parts on construction machinery exposed to intensive wear, such as steel blades of the rotary device for roadside vegetation maintenance and grass cutting. A special attention is paid to characteristic working conditions and complex wear mechanisms. In order to select the most appropriate reparation technology, both model and real investigations were conducted. The aim of the model investigations was to select the most appropriate procedure, filler materials and hard facing technology. Worn cutting edges of the blades were hard faced and sharpened by grinding to the shape and dimensions of new blades. Then, both new and repaired blades were alternately mounted on the rotor of the machine. Their wear was monitored under the same working and weather conditions. The repaired blades have proven more resistant to wear than the new ones, which is due to better properties of the hard faced layers.

  8. Selection of the Most Appropriate Technology of Reparatory Hard Facing of Working Parts on Universal Construction Machinery

    OpenAIRE

    P. Marinkovic; B. Nedeljkovic; Aleksandrovic, S.; Milosavljevic, D; M. Mutavdzic; Lazic, V.; R. Cukic

    2011-01-01

    The aim of this work is to analyse the possibility to increase the service life of working parts on construction machinery exposed to intensive wear, such as steel blades of the rotary device for roadside vegetation maintenance and grass cutting. A special attention is paid to characteristic working conditions and complex wear mechanisms. In order to select the most appropriate reparation technology, both model and real investigations were conducted. The aim of the model investigations was to...

  9. An Empirical Study of Lecturers' Appropriation of Social Technologies for Higher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamid, Suraya; Waycott, Jenny; Kurnia, Sherah; Chang, Shanton

    2014-01-01

    The use of Online Social Networking (OSN) educational activities has become commonplace in today's higher education. OSN enables lecturers and students to generate and share content, interact, and collaborate in the knowledge construction process. The pedagogical benefits of social technologies have been widely discussed. However, less is…

  10. Collaborative Appropriation: How Couples, Teams, Groups and Communities Adapt and Adopt Technologies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Muller, Michael; Neureiter, Katja; Verdezoto, Nervo;

    2016-01-01

    Previous workshops and papers have examined how individual users adopt and adapt technologies to meet their own local needs, by “completing design through use.” However, there has been little systematic study of how groups of people engage collaboratively in these activities. This workshop opens ...

  11. Wastewater stabilization ponds - an appropriate technology for sewage treatment and refuse

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Treatment of wastewater is imperative to protect human health and environmental quality. To this effect, the chosen technology should be cost effective, simple and easy to operate and maintain. Wastewater stabilization ponds offer one such technology and their use should be promoted in countries with scarcity of water so as to reuse the treated effluents in irrigation. Long term, pilot scale investigations on the performance of wastewater stabilization ponds have been undertaken at the Institute of Environmental Engineering and Research, Lahore to develop design criteria for their local use. This paper discuss the types and operation of waste stabilization ponds and the extent of their application in Pakistan. The need for users' education for effective operation of this simple facility is also emphasized. (author)

  12. Appropriate battery technology for a new, rechargeable, micro-solar lantern

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lambert, D. W. H.; Holland, R.; Crawley, K.

    A detailed market survey in Kenya has assessed the performance of currently available domestic lighting systems, for example, kerosene 'hurricane` lamps and (generally poorly constructed) solar lanterns, against end-user expectations. Following this survey, the UK Government's Department for International Development approved a project to design and develop an affordable, reliable and efficient solar lantern, which would provide improved lighting to rural households. This paper provides an overview of the end-user requirements, and corresponding lantern design features. The suitability of three commercially available alternative battery technologies, viz., nickel-metal-hydride, nickel-cadmium, and valve-regulated lead-acid (VRLA), for use in this PV application are discussed. Finally, improvements to the VRLA batteries are proposed, which would further enhance their cycle-life and reduce the energy cost per cycle.

  13. Feasibility of use of color-coded rings by nurse midwives: An appropriate technology based on partographic principles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asha K Pratinidhi

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: To study the feasibility of use of color-coded rings as a proxy for partograph for early identification of slow progress of labor. Materials and Methods: Color-coded rings were devised as a tool using appropriate technology to translate the partographic principles into simpler, easy to understand methodology. The rings were in pairs of 4 colors i.e., red, blue, yellow, and green, ranging from 3 cm to 10 cm in diameter with a difference of 4 cm between rings of the same color. The midwife performed p/v examination of the woman in labor to assess the initial cervical dilatation and identify corresponding ring. P/V was to be repeated after 4 hours to reassess the cervical dilatation and compare it with the bigger ring of the same color indicating expected cervical dilatation. If existing cervical dilatation measured lesser, it was interpreted as slow progress of labor indicating referral. Results: 44 women [23 (22.1% primis and 21 (13% multis] showed delayed progress of labor as judged by use of color-coded rings. 20 women (4 primis and 16 multis showed satisfactory progress or delivered by the time arrangements for referral were made. Conclusion: Use of color-coded rings may serve as a valuable tool based on appropriate technology to assess slow progress of labor not only in the hands of nurse midwives but it also can serve as a training tool for TBAs to help facilitate timely referral of such cases.

  14. Meeting community health worker needs for maternal health care service delivery using appropriate mobile technologies in Ethiopia.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alex Little

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Mobile health applications are complex interventions that essentially require changes to the behavior of health care professionals who will use them and changes to systems or processes in delivery of care. Our aim has been to meet the technical needs of Health Extension Workers (HEWs and midwives for maternal health using appropriate mobile technologies tools. METHODS: We have developed and evaluated a set of appropriate smartphone health applications using open source components, including a local language adapted data collection tool, health worker and manager user-friendly dashboard analytics and maternal-newborn protocols. This is an eighteen month follow-up of an ongoing observational research study in the northern of Ethiopia involving two districts, twenty HEWs, and twelve midwives. RESULTS: Most health workers rapidly learned how to use and became comfortable with the touch screen devices so only limited technical support was needed. Unrestricted use of smartphones generated a strong sense of ownership and empowerment among the health workers. Ownership of the phones was a strong motivator for the health workers, who recognised the value and usefulness of the devices, so took care to look after them. A low level of smartphones breakage (8.3%,3 from 36 and loss (2.7% were reported. Each health worker made an average of 160 mins of voice calls and downloaded 27Mb of data per month, however, we found very low usage of short message service (less than 3 per month. CONCLUSIONS: Although it is too early to show a direct link between mobile technologies and health outcomes, mobile technologies allow health managers to more quickly and reliably have access to data which can help identify where there issues in the service delivery. Achieving a strong sense of ownership and empowerment among health workers is a prerequisite for a successful introduction of any mobile health program.

  15. Technical Progress Report on Application and Development of Appropriate Tools and Technologies for Cost-Effective Carbon Sequestration

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bill Stanley; Patrick Gonzalez; Sandra Brown; Jenny Henman; Ben Poulter; Sarah Woodhouse Murdock; Neil Sampson; Tim Pearson; Sarah Walker; Zoe Kant; Miguel Calmon; Gilberto Tiepolo

    2006-06-30

    The Nature Conservancy is participating in a Cooperative Agreement with the Department of Energy (DOE) National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) to explore the compatibility of carbon sequestration in terrestrial ecosystems and the conservation of biodiversity. The title of the research project is ''Application and Development of Appropriate Tools and Technologies for Cost-Effective Carbon Sequestration''. The objectives of the project are to: (1) improve carbon offset estimates produced in both the planning and implementation phases of projects; (2) build valid and standardized approaches to estimate project carbon benefits at a reasonable cost; and (3) lay the groundwork for implementing cost-effective projects, providing new testing ground for biodiversity protection and restoration projects that store additional atmospheric carbon. This Technical Progress Report discusses preliminary results of the six specific tasks that The Nature Conservancy is undertaking to answer research needs while facilitating the development of real projects with measurable greenhouse gas reductions. The research described in this report occurred between April 1st and July 30th 2006. The specific tasks discussed include: Task 1: carbon inventory advancements; Task 2: emerging technologies for remote sensing of terrestrial carbon; Task 3: baseline method development; Task 4: third-party technical advisory panel meetings; Task 5: new project feasibility studies; and Task 6: development of new project software screening tool. Work is being carried out in Brazil, Belize, Chile, Peru and the USA.

  16. Use of media technologies by Native American teens and young adults in the Pacific Northwest: exploring their utility for designing culturally appropriate technology-based health interventions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rushing, Stephanie Craig; Stephens, David

    2011-08-01

    American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) youth are disproportionally burdened by many common adolescent health issues, including drug and alcohol use, injury and violence, sexually transmitted infections, and teen pregnancy. Media technologies, including the Internet, cell phones, and video games, offer new avenues for reaching adolescents on a wide range of sensitive health topics. While several studies have informed the development of technology-based interventions targeting mainstream youth, no such data have been reported for AI/AN youth. To fill this gap, this study quantified media technology use among 405 AI/AN youth (13-21 years old) living in tribes and urban communities in the Pacific Northwest, and identified patterns in their health information-seeking practices and preferences. Overall, technology use was exceptionally common among survey respondents, mirroring or exceeding national rates. High rates of online health information seeking were also reported: Over 75% of AI/AN youth reported searching online for health information. These data are now being used by the Northwest Portland Area Indian Health Board and NW tribes to design culturally-appropriate, technology-based health interventions targeting AI/AN youth. PMID:21805055

  17. Technical Report on Application and Development of Appropriate Tools and Technologies for Cost-Effective Carbon Sequestration

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bill Stanley; Sandra Brown; Zoe Kant; Patrick Gonzalez

    2009-01-07

    The Nature Conservancy participated in a Cooperative Agreement with the Department of Energy (DOE) National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) to explore the compatibility of carbon sequestration in terrestrial ecosystems and the conservation of biodiversity. The title of the research project was 'Application and Development of Appropriate Tools and Technologies for Cost-Effective Carbon Sequestration'. The objectives of the project were to: (1) improve carbon offset estimates produced in both the planning and implementation phases of projects; (2) build valid and standardized approaches to estimate project carbon benefits at a reasonable cost; and (3) lay the groundwork for implementing cost-effective projects, providing new testing ground for biodiversity protection and restoration projects that store additional atmospheric carbon. This Final Technical Report discusses the results of the six tasks that The Nature Conservancy undertook to answer research needs while facilitating the development of real projects with measurable greenhouse gas reductions. The research described in this report occurred between July 1st 2001 and July 10th 2008. The specific tasks discussed include: Task 1: carbon inventory advancements; Task 2: emerging technologies for remote sensing of terrestrial carbon; Task 3: baseline method development; Task 4: third-party technical advisory panel meetings; Task 5: new project feasibility studies; and Task 6: development of new project software screening tool. The project occurred in two phases. The first was a focused exploration of specific carbon measurement and monitoring methodologies and pre-selected carbon sequestration opportunities. The second was a more systematic and comprehensive approach to compare various competing measurement and monitoring methodologies, and assessment of a variety of carbon sequestration opportunities in order to find those that are the lowest cost with the greatest combined carbon and other

  18. “With the cell phone, 24 hours on air”: On gender relations and the appropriation of mobile technologies in low-income groups

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandra Rubia Silva

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Drawing from an ethnographic approach, I analyze in this article the appropriation of cell phones in their intersections with gender relations. I discuss the ways by which technology is appropriated to reaffirm love ties, but also becomes the focus of surveillance, tension and conflict. In this sense, I argue that cell phones engender micropolitics of everyday life in which men and women interact in sociocultural dynamics that reflect gender hierarchies, but also subvert them.

  19. “With the cell phone, 24 hours on air”: On gender relations and the appropriation of mobile technologies in low-income groups

    OpenAIRE

    Sandra Rubia Silva

    2012-01-01

    Drawing from an ethnographic approach, I analyze in this article the appropriation of cell phones in their intersections with gender relations. I discuss the ways by which technology is appropriated to reaffirm love ties, but also becomes the focus of surveillance, tension and conflict. In this sense, I argue that cell phones engender micropolitics of everyday life in which men and women interact in sociocultural dynamics that reflect gender hierarchies, but also subvert them.

  20. Optimal Location, Sizing, and Appropriate Technology Selection of Distributed Generators for Minimizing Power Loss Using Genetic Algorithm

    OpenAIRE

    Ayodele, T. R.; Ogunjuyigbe, A.S.O.; Akinola, O. O.

    2015-01-01

    Genetic algorithm (GA) is utilized to select most suitable Distributed Generator (DG) technology for optimal operation of power system as well as determine the optimal location and size of the DG to minimize power loss on the network. Three classes of DG technologies, synchronous generators, asynchronous generators, and induction generators, are considered and included as part of the variables for the optimization problem. IEEE 14-bus network is used to test the applicability of the algorithm...

  1. Optimal Location, Sizing, and Appropriate Technology Selection of Distributed Generators for Minimizing Power Loss Using Genetic Algorithm

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T. R. Ayodele

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Genetic algorithm (GA is utilized to select most suitable Distributed Generator (DG technology for optimal operation of power system as well as determine the optimal location and size of the DG to minimize power loss on the network. Three classes of DG technologies, synchronous generators, asynchronous generators, and induction generators, are considered and included as part of the variables for the optimization problem. IEEE 14-bus network is used to test the applicability of the algorithm. The result reveals that the developed algorithm is able to successfully select the most suitable DG technology and optimally size and place the DGs to minimize power loss in the network. Furthermore, optimum multiple placement of DG is considered to see the possible impact on power loss in the network. The result reveals that multiple placements can further reduce the power loss in the network.

  2. Appropriate Technology Sourcebook - For Tools and Techniques That Use Local Skills, Local Resources, and Renewable Sources of Energy. Volume One.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Darrow, Ken; Pam, Rick

    Written in non-technical language, this sourcebook identifies plans and books for village and small community technology. It contains reviews of publications from 375 American and foreign sources on agriculture, alternative sources of energy, water supply, health care, housing, and related subjects. Emphasized are small-scale systems using local…

  3. Evaluation of Multiple Immunoassay Technology Platforms to Select the Anti-Drug Antibody Assay Exhibiting the Most Appropriate Drug and Target Tolerance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Justine Collet-Brose

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was, at the assay development stage and thus with an appropriate degree of rigor, to select the most appropriate technology platform and sample pretreatment procedure for a clinical ADA assay. Thus, ELISA, MSD, Gyrolab, and AlphaLISA immunoassay platforms were evaluated in association with target depletion and acid dissociation sample pretreatment steps. An acid dissociation step successfully improved the drug tolerance for all 4 technology platforms and the required drug tolerance was achieved with the Gyrolab and MSD platforms. The target tolerance was shown to be better for the ELISA format, where an acid dissociation treatment step alone was sufficient to achieve the desired target tolerance. However, inclusion of a target depletion step in conjunction with the acid treatment raised the target tolerance to the desired level for all of the technologies. A higher sensitivity was observed for the MSD and Gyrolab assays and the ELISA, MSD, and Gyrolab all displayed acceptable interdonor variability. This study highlights the usefulness of evaluating the performance of different assay platforms at an early stage in the assay development process to aid in the selection of the best fit-for-purpose technology platform and sample pretreatment steps.

  4. Evaluation of Multiple Immunoassay Technology Platforms to Select the Anti-Drug Antibody Assay Exhibiting the Most Appropriate Drug and Target Tolerance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Collet-Brose, Justine; Couble, Pierre-Jean; Deehan, Maureen R; Nelson, Robert J; Ferlin, Walter G; Lory, Sabrina

    2016-01-01

    The aim of this study was, at the assay development stage and thus with an appropriate degree of rigor, to select the most appropriate technology platform and sample pretreatment procedure for a clinical ADA assay. Thus, ELISA, MSD, Gyrolab, and AlphaLISA immunoassay platforms were evaluated in association with target depletion and acid dissociation sample pretreatment steps. An acid dissociation step successfully improved the drug tolerance for all 4 technology platforms and the required drug tolerance was achieved with the Gyrolab and MSD platforms. The target tolerance was shown to be better for the ELISA format, where an acid dissociation treatment step alone was sufficient to achieve the desired target tolerance. However, inclusion of a target depletion step in conjunction with the acid treatment raised the target tolerance to the desired level for all of the technologies. A higher sensitivity was observed for the MSD and Gyrolab assays and the ELISA, MSD, and Gyrolab all displayed acceptable interdonor variability. This study highlights the usefulness of evaluating the performance of different assay platforms at an early stage in the assay development process to aid in the selection of the best fit-for-purpose technology platform and sample pretreatment steps. PMID:27243038

  5. Solar drying: An appropriate technology for the north Argentina; Secado solar: Una tecnologia apropiada para el norte argentino

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zurlo, Hugo D; Vergara, Liliana; Spotorno, Ruben; Benitez, Francisco; De Pedro, Jorge; Cervino, Veronica; Monzon, Sergio [Universidad Tecnologica Nacional, Chaco (Argentina)

    2000-07-01

    The results concerning to solar drying of nutritious products for rehearsed a low cost solar dryer, adapted to the area, composed by a plane solar collector of 2 m{sup 2} and a drying camera with capacity for, approximately, 5 kg of product. The objectives of the work were: a) to develop a low cost solar dry, capable to dehydrate products for human alimentary use; b) to transfer the developed technology to low resources rural communities through the INCUPO (Institute of Popular Culture) and to small producers through the INTA (National Institute of Agricultural Technology) and c) to diffuse the practice of the solar drying among small producers. The diffusion and transfer of the developed technology to small rural producers, contribute to improve their quality of life when facilitating them additional revenues for productive diversification, besides the contribution to the sustainable use of the forest like source of non conventional nutritious resources contributing to the task of cultural rescue faced by organizations like the INCUPO. [Spanish] Se exponen los resultados concernientes al secado solar de productos alimenticios para consumo humano. Se diseno, construyo y ensayo un secador solar de bajo costo, adaptado a la zona, compuesto por un colector solar plano de 2m{sup 2} y una camara de secado con capacidad para, aproximadamente, 5 kg de producto fresco. Los objetivos del trabajo fueron: a) desarrollar un secadero solar de bajo costo, apto para deshidratar productos para uso alimentario humano; b) transferir la tecnologia desarrollada a comunidades rurales de bajos recursos a traves del INCUPO (Instituto de Cultura Popular) y a pequenos productores a traves del INTA (Instituto Nacional de Tecnologia Agropecuaria) y c) difundir la practica del secado solar entre productores frutihorticolas. La difusion y transferencia de la tecnologia desarrollada a pequenos productores rurales, contribuye a mejorar su calidad de vida al posibilitarles ingresos adicionales

  6. Assessment of locally manufactured small wind turbines as an appropriate technology for the electrification of the Caribbean Coast of Nicaragua

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro Neves

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available This article presents an assessment of the challenges facing the use of small locally manufactured wind turbines as a rural electrification solution for the Caribbean Coast of Nicaragua. Strongly based on the authors work experience at the non-profit, non-governmental organization blueEnergy, this assessment makes an objective analysis of the technical, social, economic and organizational challenges faced by blueEnergy when using small wind turbines for rural electrification. The article provides detail on the challenges faced and puts forward methodologies and technologies to overcome or to detect and avoid these. Based on the challenges faced, a set of key factors that are essential for the success of small wind turbines in other contexts is proposed, together with two methodologies for a preliminary feasibility assessment.

  7. Developing an environmentally appropriate, socially acceptable and gender-sensitive technology for safe-water supply to households in arsenic affected areas in rural Bangladesh

    OpenAIRE

    Amin, N

    2010-01-01

    To confront the arsenic crisis in Bangladesh, several options for a safe water supply in the rural As-affected areas are available. Most of these options have shown a minimum scope to mitigate arsenic-related risks because of their poor performance and non-acceptability by the rural households. In this research, therefore, the development of an appropriate technology for an As-free, safe drinking water supply is considered from a local perspective and a societal context. To achieve the goal a...

  8. L'appropriation des technologies du web 2.0 dans les rédactions locales : l'exemple de Nicematin.com

    OpenAIRE

    Diallo, M. Diouma; Mamadou, Diallo

    2011-01-01

    International audience L'appropriation des technologies du web 2.0 dans les rédactions locales : l'exemple de Nicematin.com Résumé : A l'heure de la globalisation et des médias des masses, la presse quotidienne régionale est en voie de perdre l'exclusivité de l'information de proximité qu'elle compense par des dispositifs participatifs. Ces derniers la placent dans une configuration qui favorise la sédentarisation, voire la redéfinition du projet éditorial sur des bases marketing et financ...

  9. Systematic, appropriate, and cost-effective application of security technologies in U.S. public schools to reduce crime, violence, and drugs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Green, M.W.

    1996-12-31

    As problems of violence and crime become more prevalent in our schools (or at least the perception of their prevalence), more and more school districts will elect to use security technologies to control these problems. While the desired change in student and community attitudes will require significant systemic change through intense U.S. social programs, security technologies can greatly augment school staff today by providing services similar to having extra adults present. Technologies such as cameras, sensors, drug detection, biometric and personnel identification, lighting, barriers, weapon and explosives detection, anti-graffiti methods, and duress alarms can all be effective, given they are used in appropriate applications, with realistic expectations and an understanding of limitations. Similar to a high-risk government facility, schools must consider a systems (`big picture`) approach to security, which includes the use of personnel and procedures as well as security technologies, such that the synergy created by all these elements together contributes more to the general `order maintenance` of the facility than could be achieved by separate measures not integrated or related.

  10. Systematic, appropriate, and cost-effective application of security technologies in U.S. public schools to reduce crime, violence, and drugs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Green, Mary W.

    1997-01-01

    As problems of violence and crime become more prevalent in our schools, more and more school districts will elect to use security technologies to control these problems. While the desired change in student and community attitudes will require significant systemic change through intense US social programs, security technologies can greatly augment school staff today by providing services similar to having extra adults present. Technologies such as cameras, sensors, drug detection, biometric and personnel identification, lighting, barriers, weapon and explosives detection, anti- graffiti methods, and duress alarms can all be effective, given they are used in appropriate applications, with realistic expectations and an understanding of limitations. Similar to a high-risk government facility, schools must consider a systems approach to security, which includes the use of personnel and procedures as well as security technologies, such that the synergy created by all these elements together contributes more tot he general 'order maintenance' of the facility than could be achieved by separate measures not integrated or related.

  11. Use of Media Technologies by Native American Teens and Young Adults in the Pacific Northwest: Exploring Their Utility for Designing Culturally Appropriate Technology-Based Health Interventions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rushing, Stephanie Craig; Stephens, David

    2011-01-01

    American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) youth are disproportionally burdened by many common adolescent health issues, including drug and alcohol use, injury and violence, sexually transmitted infections, and teen pregnancy. Media technologies, including the Internet, cell phones, and video games, offer new avenues for reaching adolescents on a…

  12. Environmentally appropriate technology, part 2

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this his second article on alternatives to thermally generated electricity, the author considers the economics of solar heating in Canada and existing or planned demonstration projects. Solar heating is at its best in February and March; it is admitted that December and January are dark months. Most solar-heated houses incorporate large heat-storage systems, but some only store heat for a day or two, and they, naturally, are cheaper. For an example of the cheaper type, a group at McGill Univ. has built four innovative houses for Indians in Quebec, with partial solar heating. For a more elaborate example, the New Alchemy Institute 'Ark' on Prince Edward Islnd includes greenhouses, fishponds and windmills. The author calculates that at 20% inflation of oil, gas and electricity prices, the annual cost of a house with 75% solar and 25% electric heating will rise from about $940 to about $5300 in 20 years, whereas that of oil or gas heating will rise from $600 to about $15,000. (N.D.H.)

  13. Modelo de apropriação de tecnologia: caso da indústria de cerâmica vermelha Technological appropriation model: the red brick industry case

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simone de Sá Bastos

    2009-12-01

    do modelo demonstra que o processo de apropriação de inovação nas organizações deve ser implantado a partir de um processo de planejamento estratégico, que considere os ciclos de vida de tecnologia e futuras inovações, inferindo desta forma que a modelagem proposta auxilia o empresário quanto à apropriação de inovações tecnológicas de um ambiente sustentável.In the last years, the accelerated rhythm of the technological innovations has been causing social, political, cultural, ecological and economic impact in the nations. In the eighties and nineties, a commission of UN had the responsibility of bringing up the problems that mankind would have in the coming decades, which subsidized the Conference of the United Nations about Environment and Development - ECO - 1992. At this meeting, 179 countries signed a calendar of commitments for the XXI century, the XXI Agenda, and presented the eco-efficient proposal to aid the companies in the environmental planning, approaching a new dimension of competitiveness: to produce with efficiency, using less input and generating less rejects. Besides this need of environmental conservation, human beings are demanding that the companies get hold of the existing high technologies - high tech - in other countries. Even so, depending on the level of development of the countries, the managers must proceed carefully so native users will be prepared to absorb these innovations. Starting from the service quality modeling, this work presents the measure propose of technological innovation level that investigates the necessary ways to technological appropriation and defines a methodology to calculate technological level in decision makings concerning innovation appropriation. The applied case study is in the red ceramic industry, in Brazil, with appropriation of German technology of manufacture of structural red ceramics bricks with high porosity, in which are identified gaps - the existent gaps between the consumer

  14. Conhecimentos e redes: produção e apropriação de C&T Knowledge and networks: production and appropriation of science and technology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maíra Baumgarten

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available As mudanças que acompanham a formação de coletivos crescentemente mundializados e os concomitantes desenvolvimentos das tecnologias de informação e de comunicação são elementos estratégicos na transformação das condições destes coletivos produzirem informação e conhecimentos. A importância das redes de produção, disseminação e apropriação de conhecimentos tornou estratégica a reflexão sobre as mesmas e sobre as possibilidades e repercussões que trazem para as formas da vida econômica, social e cultural, notadamente para as possibilidades de atividades inter e trans-disciplinares e setoriais. Nosso objetivo, aqui, é apresentar um conjunto de debates sobre essa temática, que remete à relação entre produção de ciência, tecnologia, inovações e condições de vida e à necessidade da ampliação do debate social em torno da tecnociência, sua construção e usos e as possibilidades de inclusão de novos atores nesse debate.The changes that accompany the formation of increasingly globalized collectives and the concomitant development of information and communication technologies are strategic elements in the transformation of these collectives’ conditions to produce knowledge and information. Due to the importance given to the networks of knowledge production, dissemination and appropriation, it has become strategic to consider those networks, as well as the possibilities and implications that they bring to the forms of economic, social and cultural life, especially to the possibilities of interdisciplinary, transdisciplinary and sectorial activities. The purpose here is to present a series of debates on this subject, which refers to the relationship between the production of science, technology, innovation and living conditions, and the need for an extension of the social debate on technoscience, its construction, uses, and the possibilities for the inclusion of new actors in this debate.

  15. Advanced nuclear technologies. Hearing before a subcommittee of the Committee on Appropriations, United States Senate, One Hundred Fifth Congress, First Session, Special Hearing

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This hearing focuses on the subject of advanced nuclear technologies; in particular, two aspects are of interest: The renewal of nuclear power in this country and furthering technologies for the future use of nuclear power. Several witnesses testified. Some topics covered by the witnesses were: reactor technologies; proliferation; and radioactive waste management

  16. The interests at stake in the social appropriation of geographical information technologies for regional planning : Case studies from France and Quebec

    OpenAIRE

    Roche, Stéphane

    1998-01-01

    The spreading of geographical information technologies (GIT) within local authorities has been increasing steadily since the 1980s. The craze for these modern spatial representation technologies is indeed ruled by the will to optimize interventions on space, and to rationalize data processing, but it reflects more deeply a new way to perceive territorial management issues, based on the predominance of pictures. Yet, our knowledge is still very weak relating to the existing links within local ...

  17. Appropriability, services and reputation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dolfsma, W.A.

    2011-01-01

    The appropriability regime (Teece 1986) that innovating service firms face is generally weaker than what firms in manufacturing sectors face. An important means to appropriate benefits from innovation that service firms can use is their reputation. This conceptual paper offers insights into how a fi

  18. Culture et Gestion d'Etangs a Poissons d'Eau Douce (Freshwater Fish Pond Culture and Management). Appropriate Technologies for Development. Manual Series--M37.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chakroff, Marilyn; Druben, Laurel, Ed.

    This is the French translation of a "how-to" manual, designed as a working and teaching tool for extension agents as they establish and/or maintain local fish pond operations. The manual presents information to facilitate technology transfer and to provide a clear guide for warm water fish pond construction and management. Major topic areas…

  19. Appropriateness of Recommended Agricultural Water-Management Technologies as Perceived by the Personnel of Research and Extension System: A Study in the Eastern Region of India

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ghosh, Souvik; Verma, H. N.; Chandra, Dinesh; Nanda, P.

    2005-01-01

    The key to agricultural development in the eastern region of India, where problems of excess water and water scarcity coexist, is the scientific management of water resources with the adoption of recommended water-management technologies. A vast networking of infrastructure for the development and dissemination of water-management technologies…

  20. Cultivo y Manejo de Estanques Pesqueros de Agua Fresca (Freshwater Fish Pond Culture and Management). Appropriate Technologies for Development. Manual M-1D.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chakroff, Marilyn; Druben, Laurel, Ed.

    This is the Spanish translation of a "how-to" manual, designed as a working and teaching tool for extension agents as they establish and/or maintain local fish pond operations. The manual presents information to facilitate technology transfer and to provide a clear guide for warm water fish pond construction and management. Major topic areas…

  1. Cereals, Appropriability and Hierarchy

    OpenAIRE

    Mayshar, Joram; Moav, Omer; Neeman, Zvika; Pascali, Luigi

    2015-01-01

    We propose that the development of social hierarchy following the Neolithic Revolution was an outcome of the ability of the emergent elite to appropriate cereal crops from farmers and not a result of land productivity, as argued by conventional theory. We argue that cereals are easier to appropriate than roots and tubers, and that regional differences in the suitability of land for different crops explain therefore differences in the formation of hierarchy and states. A simple model illustrat...

  2. Guidelines for the selection of appropriate remote sensing technologies for landslide detection, monitoring and rapid mapping: the experience of the SafeLand European Project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stumpf, A.; Malet, J.-P.; Kerle, N.; Tofani, V.; Segoni, S.; Casagli, N.; Michoud, C.; Jaboyedoff, M.; Fornaro, G.; Peduto, D.; Cascini, L.; Baron, I.; Supper, R.; Oppikofer, T.; L'Heureux, J.-S.; Van Den Eeckhaut, M.; Hervás, J.; Moya, J.; Raucoules, D.; Carman, M.

    2012-04-01

    New earth observation satellites, innovative airborne platforms and sensors, high precision laser scanners, and enhanced ground-based geophysical investigation tools are a few examples of the increasing diversity of remote sensing technologies used in landslide analysis. The use of advanced sensors and analysis methods can help to significantly increase our understanding of potentially hazardous areas and helps to reduce associated risk. However, the choice of the optimal technology, analysis method and observation strategy requires careful considerations of the landslide process in the local and regional context, and the advantages and limitations of each technique. Guidelines for the selection of the most suitable remote sensing technologies according to different landslide types, displacement velocities, observational scales and risk management strategies have been proposed. The guidelines are meant to aid operational decision making, and include information such as spatial resolution and coverage, data and processing costs, and maturity of the method. The guidelines target scientists and end-users in charge of risk management, from the detection to the monitoring and the rapid mapping of landslides. They are illustrated by recent innovative methodologies developed for the creation and updating of landslide inventory maps, for the construction of landslide deformation maps and for the quantification of hazard. The guidelines were compiled with contributions from experts on landslide remote sensing from 13 European institutions coming from 8 different countries. This work is presented within the framework of the SafeLand project funded by the European Commission's FP7 Programme.

  3. Appropriation of Digital Competence in Teacher Education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elen Instefjord

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the article is to explore opportunities for appropriation of digital competence in teacher education. Digital competence is knowledge, skills and attitudes required in order to use technology critically and reflectively in the process of building new knowledge. According to Wertsch learning to use a cultural artefact is characterized by two processes: mastery and appropriation. The article reports from a case study of two teacher education institutions. Findings indicate that the same challenges are found in both institutions: the conflict between mastery and appropriation, and between personal and educational use of technology, and the resistance towards technology among some teacher educators. The results signify that in order to create opportunities for appropriation of digital competence and encourage use of technology as part of pre-service teachers’ professional didactic competence, technology should be better integrated as pedagogical tools for teaching and learning in all subjects in the teacher education programmes.

  4. A novel two-stage evaluation system based on a Group-G1 approach to identify appropriate emergency treatment technology schemes in sudden water source pollution accidents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qu, Jianhua; Meng, Xianlin; Hu, Qi; You, Hong

    2016-02-01

    Sudden water source pollution resulting from hazardous materials has gradually become a major threat to the safety of the urban water supply. Over the past years, various treatment techniques have been proposed for the removal of the pollutants to minimize the threat of such pollutions. Given the diversity of techniques available, the current challenge is how to scientifically select the most desirable alternative for different threat degrees. Therefore, a novel two-stage evaluation system was developed based on a circulation-correction improved Group-G1 method to determine the optimal emergency treatment technology scheme, considering the areas of contaminant elimination in both drinking water sources and water treatment plants. In stage 1, the threat degree caused by the pollution was predicted using a threat evaluation index system and was subdivided into four levels. Then, a technique evaluation index system containing four sets of criteria weights was constructed in stage 2 to obtain the optimum treatment schemes corresponding to the different threat levels. The applicability of the established evaluation system was tested by a practical cadmium-contaminated accident that occurred in 2012. The results show this system capable of facilitating scientific analysis in the evaluation and selection of emergency treatment technologies for drinking water source security. PMID:26449677

  5. Appropriateness of diagnostics tests.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cappelletti, P

    2016-05-01

    The evolution of the concept of 'appropriateness', in the three past decades, from 'no harm' and 'no waste' to 'medical decision-making' and 'determining outcomes' highlights two main points: its foundation is evidence-based medicine, and it is a quality of every phase of the total testing process, not only for the selection of tests. Nevertheless, appropriateness in Laboratory Hematology, as well as in Laboratory Medicine, is an elusive concept: 'Appropriateness' interplays with 'patient's safety', 'healthcare costs', 'clinical decision-making', and 'effectiveness', and the criteria for appropriateness, mainly adherence to clinical guidelines, are often not evidence-based and not always consensus-based. Moreover, practising appropriateness is a complex issue because of the ambiguity of the criteria and targets, the never-ending work of implementing guidelines and their audit, and the uniqueness of the clinical situation of the individual patient. Authors agree on some practical rules: establishing a multidisciplinary and multiprofessional team, choosing carefully clinical targets, finding or building evidences, sharing guidelines with clinicians, choosing adequate tools for changing, working hard on implementation, identifying the 'right' laboratory methods and processes, checking progress indefinitely, providing information, interpretations, and consultations, and promoting feedback and audits. The success depends on the 'right' combination of educational, operative, and reinforcing interventions. Competences in organization, in implementation science, and in interpersonal relationship management are essential as well as knowledge and experience in Hematology, not only in Laboratory Hematology. PMID:27161094

  6. Appropriation of Information Systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjærgaard, Annemette Leonhardt; Jensen, Tina Blegind

    2008-01-01

    This paper explores the use of cognitive mapping for eliciting users' sensemaking during information system (IS) appropriation. Despite the potential usefulness of sensemaking, few studies in IS research use it as a theoretical lens to address IS appropriation. A possible reason for this may be...... that sensemaking does not easily lend itself to be used in practice. We introduce cognitive mapping as a way to elicit users' sensemaking and illustrate its value by reporting on findings from an empirical study of the introduction of an Electronic Patient Record (EPR) system. The contribution of the...

  7. Conceptualization and Appropriation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bossen, Claus; Dalsgård, Peter

    2005-01-01

    parasitic system. First, we argue that the failure of the management's system is caused by the concept of knowledge upon which the system was built. Hence, design of computer systems is as much a question of critical conceptual understanding of its application domain as a question of doing ethnography...... and system development. Second, we argue that the process of design extends far into the process of use and that much can be learned by looking at the process of appropriation of a new system. The problems of conceptualisation and appropriation point towards the need to critically examine the mangle...... of practice in which artefacts, actors and organizations intertwine...

  8. Appropriering, system, bogobjekt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kromann, Thomas Hvid

    og en afpersonaliseringens poetik bliver konstrueret og typologiseret ud fra et heterogent og spredt tekstmateriale. En poetik, der er kendetegnet af en vidtdreven afmytologisering og afpersonalisering af kunstnerrollen og værket. I kapitel 2, Appropriering, analyseres approprieringsteknikker som...... værker af Bjørn Nørgaard, Hans-Jørgen Nielsen, Henning Christiansen, Vagn Steen og Per Kirkeby (i kap. 2, 3 og 4) analyseres eksempler på appropriering, systemer og bogobjekter. Afpersonalisering er som strategi ikke en homogen metode, men derimod en heterogen og individuel praksis, der spænder fra...

  9. Usages et représentations sociales de l'ordinateur chez les élèves dans deux lycées du Cameroun. Esquisse d'une approche de l'appropriation des technologies

    OpenAIRE

    Emmanuel, Béché

    2013-01-01

    Cette thèse étudie comment les élèves des lycées Général Leclerc et bilingue de Yaoundé (Cameroun) s'approprient l'ordinateur et l'intègrent dans leur univers sociocognitif et quotidien. Pour y arriver, elle examine à la fois ce que ces sujets font effectivement avec cette technologie et ce qu'ils en pensent socialement. Sur cette base, elle esquisse une approche de l'appropriation des technologies. La question qui a servi de guide est celle-ci : Comment se présentent les usages et les représ...

  10. Appropriation des Technologies de l'information et de la communication : le cas d'un projet engageant conduit au sein d'une institution éducative du premier degré. Approche communicationnelle, accompagnement, médiations.

    OpenAIRE

    Pybourdin, Isabelle

    2008-01-01

    L'organisation élargie Education Nationale, et plus particulièrement l'école élémentaire, est ici appréhendée comme terrain d'étude pour le chercheur en sciences de l'information et de la communication (Sic). La problématique questionne l'appropriation des technologies de l'information et de la communication (Tic) au sein des établissements scolaires à travers une approche communicationnelle de l'organisation. Les strates d'outils et médias éducatifs intégrés dans les classes cohabitent sans ...

  11. Appropriate complexity landscape modeling

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Larsen, Laurel G.; Eppinga, Maarten B.; Passalacqua, Paola; Getz, Wayne M.; Rose, Kenneth A.; Liang, Man

    2016-01-01

    Advances in computing technology, new and ongoing restoration initiatives, concerns about climate change's effects, and the increasing interdisciplinarity of research have encouraged the development of landscape-scale mechanistic models of coupled ecological-geophysical systems. However, communicati

  12. 2004-2010年广西医药卫生适宜技术推广奖项目统计分析%Statistic analysis of Guangxi Medical & Health Appropriate Technology Promotion Prize from 2004 to 2010

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨柱星

    2012-01-01

    目的 统计分析广西医药卫生适宜技术推广奖项目,了解广西医药卫生系统的科研状况和技术水平,为制定科研规划提供依据.方法 对2004-2010年广西医药卫生适宜技术获奖申报资料和获奖项目建立数据库,统计学科、病种、属地、单位及基金项目等.结果 7年共获奖631项,其中一等奖54项占8.6%,二等奖187项占29.6%,三等奖390项占61.8%.学科分布主要在内科学、外科学、临床医学、中国医学、预防医学和卫生学及肿瘤学,占获奖项目的75.6%,内容主要是严重危害人民群众健康的常见病多发病、广西重大公共卫生问题和民族医药.地域主要集中在南宁市及柳州市.433项(68.6%)得到基金资助,144项(22.8%)同时获得广西科学技术成果进步奖.结论 广西医药卫生适宜技术推广奖是反映广西医疗药卫生研究和技术水平、解决医药卫生重大问题并有良好社会效益和经济效益的奖项.%Objective Statistic analysis of Guangxi Medical & Health Appropriate Technology Promotion Prize was conducted to the scientific research condition and technological level of Guangxi,and to provide evidence for the foundation of health and medicine policy.Methods Database of Guangxi Medical & Health Appropriate Technology Promotion Prize from 2004 to 2010 was set up,based on subject,diseases,district and institution,foundation items,etc.Results 631 projects won the prizes in 7 years.Among them,54 projects won the first-class prize taking up 8.6% of the total; 187 projects got the second-class prize taking up29.6% of the total; 390 projects got the third-class prize taking up 61.8% of the total.The major subjects were internal medicine,surgery,clinical medicine,Chinese medicine,prevention medicine and hygiene and oncology,taking up 75.6% of the total award-winning projects.The major fields were common and frequently occurring disease,major public health problem,and Tranditional

  13. Appropriate technology and climate change adaptation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bandala, Erick R.; Patiño-Gomez, Carlos

    2016-02-01

    Climate change is emerging as the greatest significant environmental problem for the 21st Century and the most important global challenge faced by human kind. Based on evidence recognized by the international scientific community, climate change is already an unquestionable reality, whose first effects are beginning to be measured. Available climate projections and models can assist in anticipating potential far-reaching consequences for development processes. Climatic transformations will impact the environment, biodiversity and water resources, putting several productive processes at risk; and will represent a threat to public health and water availability in quantity and quality.

  14. Efficient Technology and Appropriate Life-styles

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nørgaard, Jørgen

    The paper suggests that the energy chain model of converting primary energy into energy services should be extended to include also the lifestyles. A pittfall from looking solely at the technical efficiency is revealed. Various examples indicates economic saturations among consumers in the most w...

  15. Localized appropriability: Percuniary externalities in knowledge exploitation

    OpenAIRE

    Antonelli, Cristiano

    2008-01-01

    Pecuniary externalities are crucial in shaping the strategies to value the distinctive competences and the economic success of innovative firms. The analysis of conditions for localized knowledge appropriation and exploitation makes it possible to identify idiosyncratic production factors. The introduction of directed technological change biased towards intensive usage provides the opportunity for the exploitation of technological knowledge.

  16. From Innovation to Appropriation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jamison, Andrew

    2002-01-01

    The article adresses technoscientific policies to be implemented in society as a whole. Science and technology tend to be two different types of political discources, namely one that has to do with economic growth and others that have to do with social and environmental consequences....

  17. Appropriation and dementia in India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brijnath, Bianca; Manderson, Lenore

    2011-12-01

    Biomedical technologies like MRI scans offer a way for carers and people with dementia to 'see' pathology, as a means to reorient their perceptions of the body and functionality. Through interpretive and syncretic processes, the MRI and the diagnosis of dementia facilitate the incorporation of the clinical category 'dementia' into social understandings of illness and care in India. Complex shifts occur as families and providers move from socio-cultural explanations of disruption to bio-social etiologies of the disease 'dementia' and then to socio-ecological frameworks of causality. Both the biomedicalisation of illness and the localisation of illness occur as the clinical category 'dementia' is folded into local understandings of illness and care. Through elucidating how the dialectic between biomedical and local knowledge is operationalized, we offer insights into how dementia is absorbed and appropriated into Indian cultural contexts. PMID:21837538

  18. Appropriation of Digital Competence in Teacher Education

    OpenAIRE

    Elen Instefjord

    2014-01-01

    The aim of the article is to explore opportunities for appropriation of digital competence in teacher education. Digital competence is knowledge, skills and attitudes required in order to use technology critically and reflectively in the process of building new knowledge. According to Wertsch learning to use a cultural artefact is characterized by two processes: mastery and appropriation. The article reports from a case study of two teacher education institutions. Findings indicate that the s...

  19. Training L2 Learners to Use Facebook Appropriately and Effectively

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prichard, Caleb

    2013-01-01

    Recognizing how essential communication technologies have become to language learners, the TESOL Technology Standards Task Force set three goals for learners (Healey et al., 2011): 1) demonstrating skills in technology for a multilingual world, 2) using technology appropriately and ethically, and 3) using and evaluating technology for language…

  20. Value Appropriation in Business Exchange

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ellegaard, Chris; Medlin, Christopher J.; Geersbro, Jens

    2014-01-01

    authors propose four areas with high potential for future research into value appropriation: network position effects, appropriation acts and behaviors, buyer-seller relationship effects, and appropriation over time. Practical implications – Boundary spanning managers acting in industrial markets must......Purpose – Value appropriation is a central, yet neglected aspect in business exchange research. The purpose of the paper is to generate an overview of research on active value appropriation in business exchange and provide the foundation for further research into value appropriation, as well as...... some initial guidance for managers. Design/methodology/approach – Literatures investigating value appropriation were identified by the means of a systematic review of the overall management literature. Findings – The authors provide an overview and comparison of the literatures and find that they apply...

  1. 江西省农村计划生育适宜技术推广效果评价%Evaluation of promotion effectiveness of rural appropriate family planning technologies in Jiangxi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    余超; 吴磊; 辛青; 高国兰; 张欣; 熊小玲

    2011-01-01

    Objective: To understand the evaluation of appropriate family planning technology services in rural areas of Jiaagxi.Methods: Stratified sampling method was used to survey the satisfaction of family planning technology services among the study objects from 5 demonstration counties in Jiangxi by a questionnaire.Results: 412 women were investigated, the average age was (29.71 ±6.17) years; the effective rates of " ozone gynecological healing"," subcutaneous implantation, placement of IUD, reducing vaginal bleeding after drug abortion" and" intrauterine contraception techniques" were all above 90%.The incidence of total adverse reactions was low (9.95% ).Most of the service objects were satisfied with the charge of technology services, accounting for 89.81%; the satisfaction rates of" ozone gynecological healing"," intrauterine contraception techniques"," subcutaneous implantation, placement of IUD, reducing vaginal bleeding after drug abortion" and" hydrotubation" were 100.00%, 95.48%, 85.31% and 74.29%, respectively.96.84% of the service objects would like to accept the appropriate family planning technique services.The service objects were satisfied with the four kinds of family planning technique services, the total satisfaction rate was 89.81%.Conclusion: The effects of the four kinds of family planning technique services according with the principles of safety, economy and high efficacy in rural areas of Jiangxi are good, and the adverse reactions are mild, which are easily accepted by the common people with high comprehensive satisfaction.%目的:了解江两省农村服务对象对计划生育(计生)适宜技术服务的评价.方法:采用分层抽样方法,对江西省5个示范县所抽对象进行计生适宜技术服务满意度问卷调查.结果:①共调查服务对象412例,均为女性,平均年龄为(29.71±6.17)岁;②"臭氧妇科治疗术"、"皮下埋植、放置IUD、药物流产术后减少阴道出血术"和"宫内节育

  2. Appropriate technology for solar energy system aiming water heating for human bath in houses of rural areas; Tecnologia apropriada para sistema de energia solar visando aquecimento de agua para o banho humano em moradias do meio rural

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rispoli, Italo Alberto Gatica [Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP), SP (Brazil). Faculdade de Engenharia Civil, Arquitetura e Urbanismo], e-mail: gatica@dglnet.com.br; Mariotoni, Carlos Alberto [Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP), SP (Brazil). Fac. de Engenharia Civil, Arquitetura e Urbanismo. Nucleo Interdisciplinar de Planejamento Energetico], e-mail: cam@fec.unicamp.br

    2004-07-01

    The Brazilian land receives a great amount of solar radiation all over the year, therefore, because both the culture and practical aspects, Brazilians use in a non-moderate way the electricity to boil the water for human bath in the rural homes, in the lower income residences even at part of the medium class homes. That happens due to the very low price of an electrical shower, about US$ 6,5. In fact, that way of heating water is largely used because, besides the very low electrical shower price, it is not necessary to install a complete hot water both hydraulic and electrical building systems, but just both single hydraulic pipes and electrical devices. On the other hands, at rural regions where the electricity does not achieve the rural people uses firewood in order to get hot water for human bath. At the rural places the use of electrical showers has meaning an increase in the electrical transformers powers, heavier electrical transmission rural lines, with greater prices and, at the urban zones, the use of electrical showers in the lower social classes has contributed to a more expressive electrical load at the nacional electrical system load peck, between 5:30 to 8:30 a.m. The public administration, mostly, does not take into account both social, economic and environmental costs in order to think about the electricity offer. The solar heating systems, generally used in Brazil, conserves the same reservoirs used in France at 1880. Therefore, this paper presents some technical subsidies applied to rural homes, even to lower income people's homes aiming to stimulate the Brazilian public authorities to make a public police to facilitate both the industrialization and dissemination of solar heating systems, appropriate to the rural area, with lower costs, compounded by good technology equipment, with guarantee of lasting and quality. (author)

  3. The Appropriateness of Hierarchies (Editorial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Denise Koufogiannakis

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available In the early days of EBLIP, then referred to as evidence based librarianship (EBL, there were calls to strengthen our research base with "better" forms of evidence. These proposed better quality research methods were all quantitative and I admit myself to saying that ‚librarianship tends to reflect more qualitative, social sciences/humanities in its research methods and study types which tend to be less rigorous and more prone to bias‛ (Crumley and Koufogiannakis 2002, p.61. Although this was not meant to be a slight to qualitative research, I can see how it came across as one. Now, I would not put ‚less rigorous and more prone to bias‛ in that sentence, although the first half of the statement certainly still holds true. In our 2002 article, the general point that Ellen Crumley and I were trying to make is that a medical style research hierarchy is not a good fit for librarianship, where qualitative methods are generally more appropriate. At that time, we proposed a ‚core-centred approach to librarianship research‛ (p.68 rather than a hierarchical one, although this did not gain much traction within the EBLIP literature. We noted: ‚rather than relying on an evidence hierarchy, which is an artificial concept for librarians, Fig.3 suggests a core-centred approach. The types of studies that are likely to be conducted by librarians are placed near the centre, moving from a hierarchical to an encompassing model. … *This+ presents a more equitable view of a model for research in the profession‛ (p.67.Today I am even more resolved that it is time to remove the concept of a hierarchy of evidence from EBLIP. This concept is tied very closely to the medical model of evidence based medicine (EBM and is solely focused on quantitative research. Library and information studies (LIS is a social sciences discipline and as such is concerned mostly with questions of why we do things and how people function in the world. The actions of people

  4. The moral appropriateness of shame

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Ally

    2005-07-01

    Full Text Available In this article I explore the much neglected moral emotion of shame and consider the senses in which it may be regarded as morally appropriate. I argue that there is a connection between coming to terms with shame for those who feel ashamed, and judgments concerning its moral appropriateness. The elucidation of normative connections between shame, self-respect and autonomy implies the need to accept certain aspects of shame as regrettable yet, sometimes, as valuable.

  5. The moral appropriateness of shame

    OpenAIRE

    M. Ally

    2005-01-01

    In this article I explore the much neglected moral emotion of shame and consider the senses in which it may be regarded as morally appropriate. I argue that there is a connection between coming to terms with shame for those who feel ashamed, and judgments concerning its moral appropriateness. The elucidation of normative connections between shame, self-respect and autonomy implies the need to accept certain aspects of shame as regrettable yet, sometimes, as valuable.

  6. ACR Appropriateness Criteria Head Trauma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shetty, Vilaas S; Reis, Martin N; Aulino, Joseph M; Berger, Kevin L; Broder, Joshua; Choudhri, Asim F; Kendi, A Tuba; Kessler, Marcus M; Kirsch, Claudia F; Luttrull, Michael D; Mechtler, Laszlo L; Prall, J Adair; Raksin, Patricia B; Roth, Christopher J; Sharma, Aseem; West, O Clark; Wintermark, Max; Cornelius, Rebecca S; Bykowski, Julie

    2016-06-01

    Neuroimaging plays an important role in the management of head trauma. Several guidelines have been published for identifying which patients can avoid neuroimaging. Noncontrast head CT is the most appropriate initial examination in patients with minor or mild acute closed head injury who require neuroimaging as well as patients with moderate to severe acute closed head injury. In short-term follow-up neuroimaging of acute traumatic brain injury, CT and MRI may have complementary roles. In subacute to chronic traumatic brain injury, MRI is the most appropriate initial examination, though CT may have a complementary role in select circumstances. Advanced neuroimaging techniques are areas of active research but are not considered routine clinical practice at this time. In suspected intracranial vascular injury, CT angiography or venography or MR angiography or venography is the most appropriate imaging study. In suspected posttraumatic cerebrospinal fluid leak, high-resolution noncontrast skull base CT is the most appropriate initial imaging study to identify the source, with cisternography reserved for problem solving. The ACR Appropriateness Criteria are evidence-based guidelines for specific clinical conditions that are reviewed every three years by a multidisciplinary expert panel. The guideline development and review include an extensive analysis of current medical literature from peer-reviewed journals and the application of a well-established consensus methodology (modified Delphi) to rate the appropriateness of imaging and treatment procedures by the panel. In those instances in which evidence is lacking or not definitive, expert opinion may be used to recommend imaging or treatment. PMID:27262056

  7. Appropriate prescribing for older people

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Drenth - van Maanen, A.C.

    2013-01-01

    Appropriate prescribing is the result of pharmacotherapeutic decision-making to maximise the net health benefit of treatment, given the resources available. Several risk factors for inappropriate prescribing in older people have been identified, such as polypharmacy, impaired renal function, and fre

  8. Art,authenticity and appropriation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    James O.Young

    2006-01-01

    It is often suggested that artists from one culture(outsiders)cannot successfully employ styles,stories,motifs and other artistic content developed in the context of another culture.I call this suggestion the aesthetic handicap thesis and argue against it.Cultural appropriation can result in works of high aesthetic value.

  9. Evidence for Policy Making: Clinical Appropriateness Study of Lumbar Spine MRI Prescriptions Using RAND Appropriateness Method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hossein Yousefi Manesh

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available MRI is a new and expensive diagnostic technology, which has been used increasingly all over the world. Low back pain is a worldwide prevalent disorder and MRI technique is one of the several ways to diagnose it. This paper aims to identify the appropriateness of lumbar spine MRI prescriptions in Shiraz teaching hospitals using standardized RAND Appropriateness Method (RAM criteria. Methods This study consisted of two phases. The first phase involved a qualitative enquiry and the second phase had a quantitative cross-sectional nature. In the first phase RAM was used for developing lumbar spine MRI indications and scenarios. In the second phase, the finalized scenarios were compared with the history and physical examination of 300 patients with low back pain. The rate of appropriateness of lumbar spine MRI prescription was then calculated. Results Of 300 cases of lumbar spine MRI prescriptions, approximately 167 (56% were considered inappropriate, 72 (24% were uncertain, and 61 (20% were deemed to be appropriate. The economic burden of inappropriate prescriptions was calculated at 88,009,000 Rials. In addition, the types of expertise and physical examination were considered as related factors to appropriateness of prescriptions. Conclusion In conclusion, a large proportion of lumbar spine MRI prescriptions, which result in financial burden on the insurance companies and the patients alike is unnecessary. This study suggests that policy makers consider this evidence while decision-making. Our findings highlight the imperative role of Health Technology Assessment (HTA and Clinical Practice Guidelines (CPGs. As a result, developing local clinical guidelines may create the commitment needed in physicians in prescribing appropriate prescriptions within the health sector. The study further recommends that appropriate scenarios should be considered as a criterion for payment and reimbursement.

  10. Appropriate prescribing for older people

    OpenAIRE

    Drenth - van Maanen, A.C.

    2013-01-01

    Appropriate prescribing is the result of pharmacotherapeutic decision-making to maximise the net health benefit of treatment, given the resources available. Several risk factors for inappropriate prescribing in older people have been identified, such as polypharmacy, impaired renal function, and frequent transfers between healthcare settings. The objectives of the studies described in this thesis were to describe the frequency and nature of risk factors for inappropriate prescribing in older ...

  11. ACR Appropriateness Criteria Crohn Disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, David H; Carucci, Laura R; Baker, Mark E; Cash, Brooks D; Dillman, Jonathan R; Feig, Barry W; Fowler, Kathryn J; Gage, Kenneth L; Noto, Richard B; Smith, Martin P; Yaghmai, Vahid; Yee, Judy; Lalani, Tasneem

    2015-10-01

    Crohn disease is a chronic inflammatory disorder involving the gastrointestinal tract, characterized by episodic flares and times of remission. Underlying structural damage occurs progressively, with recurrent bouts of inflammation. The diagnosis and management of this disease process is dependent on several clinical, laboratory, imaging, endoscopic, and histologic factors. In recent years, with the maturation of CT enterography, and MR enterography, imaging has played an increasingly important role in relation to Crohn Disease. In addition to these specialized examination modalities, ultrasound and routine CT have potential uses. Fluoroscopy, radiography, and nuclear medicine may be less beneficial depending on the clinical scenario. The imaging modality best suited to evaluating this disease may change, depending on the target population, severity of presentation, and specific clinical situation. This document presents seven clinical scenarios (variants) in both the adult and pediatric populations and rates the appropriateness of the available imaging options. They are summarized in a consolidated table, and the underlying rationale and supporting literature are presented in the accompanying narrative. The ACR Appropriateness Criteria are evidence-based guidelines for specific clinical conditions that are reviewed every three years by a multidisciplinary expert panel. The guideline development and review include an extensive analysis of current medical literature from peer-reviewed journals and the application of a well established consensus methodology (modified Delphi) to rate the appropriateness of imaging and treatment procedures by the panel. In those instances in which evidence is lacking or not definitive, expert opinion may be used to recommend imaging or treatment. PMID:26435118

  12. Academic appropriation and Impact Indicators

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wilson López López

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available The role of appropriation of scientific knowledge and the indicators designed to measure its impact is being hotly debated in Iberoamerica right now. I will separate what I call academic appropriation of knowledge from what many authors have called social appropriation of knowledge. The former isrelated to knowledge communication and transference practices in scientific communities, and the latter has to do with the multiple ways in which knowledge goes to society. This editorial will address academic appropriation.Academic appropriations are found in many levels: the first is that performed by colleagues (peers who use this knowledge, and citations are the indicators of usage. This is a sensitive indicator, and thus vulnerable to citation dynamics in academic communities. For example, communities with low levels of knowledge use are generally endogamic and have low international collaboration.They are also characterised by not easily modifying their citation habits. In this sense, a part of these citations generally make themselves invisible, this is, they do not acknowledge neither their own efforts, not those made by local peer groups (regional, and are negatively paradoxical, even when proclaimed in an anti-mainstream science discourse. At the same time, they downplay their own production or the regional production, and ground their work on the production that they claim to go beyond.On the other hand, research groups with an important output can improve or decrease the visibility of other groups and journals, since the amount of work ends up concentrating citations in particular works or journals, which affects themeasures derived from citation-expressed impacts. In this sense, and as a response with additional elements for assessing academic production, it is suggested that: 1. The quartile of the journal be used, since it gives a more accurate idea of its dynamics and shows the journal in relation to other journals with its variability

  13. Food appropriation through large scale land acquisitions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The increasing demand for agricultural products and the uncertainty of international food markets has recently drawn the attention of governments and agribusiness firms toward investments in productive agricultural land, mostly in the developing world. The targeted countries are typically located in regions that have remained only marginally utilized because of lack of modern technology. It is expected that in the long run large scale land acquisitions (LSLAs) for commercial farming will bring the technology required to close the existing crops yield gaps. While the extent of the acquired land and the associated appropriation of freshwater resources have been investigated in detail, the amount of food this land can produce and the number of people it could feed still need to be quantified. Here we use a unique dataset of land deals to provide a global quantitative assessment of the rates of crop and food appropriation potentially associated with LSLAs. We show how up to 300–550 million people could be fed by crops grown in the acquired land, should these investments in agriculture improve crop production and close the yield gap. In contrast, about 190–370 million people could be supported by this land without closing of the yield gap. These numbers raise some concern because the food produced in the acquired land is typically exported to other regions, while the target countries exhibit high levels of malnourishment. Conversely, if used for domestic consumption, the crops harvested in the acquired land could ensure food security to the local populations. (letter)

  14. Software appropriation over time: from adoption to stabilization and beyond

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonette Mendoza

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Technologies are introduced into an organization with the aim of improving productivity. However, persistent use of an information system is required to enhance productivity and user satisfaction. In this paper, we examine the process of technology appropriation and the factors that encourage and discourage use of an information system over time. In a longitudinal field study in an educational setting, we identify changing expectations and influences that encourage persistent use of a technology above and beyond adoption. Our work indicates that stabilization of a technology may only be a temporary plateau. Further appropriation may occur beyond initial stabilization as expectations and influences encourage persistent use of a technology. We have found that the driving forces in encouraging productive use of a technology are the ability for users to experience the technology as useful and to have easy access to ongoing training.

  15. Enjeux de pouvoir et technologies 2.0 : Cas de l'appropriation d'un outil d'analyse des réseaux sociaux au sein d'une Collectivité Territoriale

    OpenAIRE

    Karoui, Myriam; Dudezert, Aurélie

    2011-01-01

    Parmi les outils 2.0 émergents les technologies dites de réseaux sociaux ou outils d'analyse des réseaux sociaux (Social Network Analyzer- SNA) sont considérées comme des supports permettant le développement d'un capital social facilitant la collaboration et l'innovation dans les organisations. Dans un environnement économique et managérial global où le capital social est de plus en plus considéré comme un pré-requis à l'action collective en organisation, l'introduction de ces technologies d'...

  16. Use of Media Technologies by Native American Teens and Young Adults: Evaluating Their Utility for Designing Culturally-Appropriate Sexual Health Interventions Targeting Native Youth in the Pacific Northwest

    Science.gov (United States)

    Craig Rushing, Stephanie Nicole

    2010-01-01

    American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) youth are disproportionally burdened by high rates of sexually transmitted infections and teen pregnancy, heightening their need for sexual health interventions that are aligned to their unique culture and social context. Media technologies, including the Internet, cell phones, and video games, offer new…

  17. 22 CFR 223.11 - Appropriate action.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Appropriate action. 223.11 Section 223.11...-EMPLOYMENT RESTRICTIONS § 223.11 Appropriate action. The Administrator may take appropriate action in the... action....

  18. Produits appropries et developpement egalitaire.

    OpenAIRE

    Baron C; Van Ginneken W

    1982-01-01

    ILO pub. Article reviewing the findings of case studies of consumer behaviour with a view to testing the validity of certain assumptions regarding consumer efficiency, effects of choice of technology and choice of product and the availability of labour intensive techniques in Bangladesh, Malaysia, Ghana and Kenya - discusses the theoretical aspects, and suggests provision of basic needs products at low prices, small scale industry promotion, research and development redirection, consumer educ...

  19. 7 CFR 3430.63 - Expiring appropriations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Expiring appropriations. 3430.63 Section 3430.63... appropriations. (a) CSREES awards supported with agency appropriations. Most CSREES awards are supported with annual appropriations. On September 30th of the 5th fiscal year after the period of availability...

  20. Appropriate technology for sustainable family agriculture in the semi-arid: solar water pumping for located irrigation; Tecnologia apropriada para a agricultura familiar sustentavel do semi-arido brasileiro: bombeamento solar de agua para irrigacao localizada

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Costa, Heitor Scalambrini [Universidade Federal de Pernambuco (NAPER/UFPE), Recife, PE (Brazil). Nucleo de Apoio a Projetos de Energias Renovaveis], Email: naper@ufpe.br

    2006-07-01

    Water and energy are the physic factor, which are most influential on the life conditions in the semi-arid rural environment as a whole and in the agriculture production systems in particular. Water is a resource, which - even though not rare - is found in limited quantities and not always is available on the ground surface, meaning that it should be retrieved through either proper wells or deep holes excavated into ground. Therefore, its use should be optimized. In the rural environment to turn water into an available resource in a sufficient amount in order to improve the population life conditions is still a challenge. In the rural semi-arid regions the electric energy distribution is small compared to the other regions of the country. Nevertheless the geographic position of the Brazilian Northeast - close to the equator - adds to this region high levels of insolation - something close to 3,000 hours of sunshine per year - turning this energy resource into a very abundant one. It is known that the use of solar energy, among the use of other resources, has increased the most worldwide in the last decade. The use of photovoltaic cells has increased around 17% per year in the 90's. In the last years several applications, which had the sun as their electric energy resource, were implemented in the rural areas of many countries. The Brazilian Northeast region was the preferred target of programs and projects aiming at the dissemination of the photovoltaic solar technology. Water pumping is one among the most noble applications of the photovoltaic solar technology. There are many pumping systems configurations for either deep or shallow wells, which use either superficial, immerse or floating motor-pumps, which in turn can be driven by either continuum or alternate current. In this work the usage of water pumped with solar energy from Amazon wells (also called 'cacimboes') for small family-based areas of localized irrigation (less than 1 ha), whose main

  1. The impact of training non-physician clinicians in Malawi on maternal and perinatal mortality: a cluster randomised controlled evaluation of the enhancing training and appropriate technologies for mothers and babies in Africa (ETATMBA project

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ellard David

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Maternal mortality in much of sub-Saharan Africa is very high whereas there has been a steady decline in over the past 60 years in Europe. Perinatal mortality is 12 times higher than maternal mortality accounting for about 7 million neonatal deaths; many of these in sub-Saharan countries. Many of these deaths are preventable. Countries, like Malawi, do not have the resources nor highly trained medical specialists using complex technologies within their healthcare system. Much of the burden falls on healthcare staff other than doctors including non-physician clinicians (NPCs such as clinical officers, midwives and community health-workers. The aim of this trial is to evaluate a project which is training NPCs as advanced leaders by providing them with skills and knowledge in advanced neonatal and obstetric care. Training that will hopefully be cascaded to their colleagues (other NPCs, midwives, nurses. Methods/design This is a cluster randomised controlled trial with the unit of randomisation being the 14 districts of central and northern Malawi (one large district was divided into two giving an overall total of 15. Eight districts will be randomly allocated the intervention. Within these eight districts 50 NPCs will be selected and will be enrolled on the training programme (the intervention. Primary outcome will be maternal and perinatal (defined as until discharge from health facility mortality. Data will be harvested from all facilities in both intervention and control districts for the lifetime of the project (3–4 years and comparisons made. In addition a process evaluation using both quantitative and qualitative (e.g. interviews will be undertaken to evaluate the intervention implementation. Discussion Education and training of NPCs is a key to improving healthcare for mothers and babies in countries like Malawi. Some of the challenges faced are discussed as are the potential limitations. It is hoped that the findings

  2. 重庆市基于疾病诊治的分层互补适宜卫生技术筛选研究%Study on hierarchical and mutually supplementary appropriate technology in health screening based on diagnosis and treatment of disease in Chongqing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐飞龙; 王润华; 杨竹; 吕亚兰; 徐雨晨; 刘晓枫

    2014-01-01

    Objective To screen the hierarchical,mutually supplementary Appropriate Technology in Health suitable for the promotion and application in the county and township two-level medical institutions in Chongqing for gradually establishing and per-fecting the grading and classification of Appropriate Technology in Health database,and expanding Appropriate Technology in Health reserves.Methods Using Lv Yalan[1] assessment index system of appropriate health technology,then the experts′scoring method in the field was adopted for evaluating and screening the Chongqing Municipal Science and Technology Proj ectbased on stratification of diagnosis and treatment of disease complementary appropriate technology research,evaluation and integration dem-onstrationAppropriate Technology in Health group[2].Results The comprehensive scores of various techniques were high,in which the lowest score was 94.61 points,including:the drug seretide inhalation technique 98.24 points,the drug salbutamol inhala-tion technique 98.56 points,inhaled medications to control asthma technique 97.08 points,the drug spiriva(tiotropium)inhalation technique 97.97 points,6-min walk test 96.31 points,pulmonary ventilation function inspection technique 95.61,summary pulmo-nary function testing technique 94.59,children bronchial get up early screening technique 94.59,child bronchial asthma detection technique-C-AT(children′s asthma control test)evaluation form 96.94.Conclusion According to the inclusion criteria for Appro-priate Technology in Health and the experts′scores,9 items of Appropriate Technology in Health included by preliminary screening are selected for putting in storage,combined with the health resources and the prevalence rate in the demonstration counties and townships,these 9 items of technology may be promoted and applied.%目的:筛选适合在重庆市县乡两级医疗机构推广应用的分层互补适宜卫生技术,逐步建立和完善分级分类的适宜卫生技术

  3. Making appropriation 'stick': stabilizing politics in an 'inherently feminist' tool.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hasson, Katie Ann

    2012-10-01

    This article examines how feminist politics are made to 'stick' to appropriated technologies in the context of a contemporary feminist women's health clinic in the US. Feminist clinics such as 'FemHealth', founded as part of 1970s women's health movements, put medical tools and knowledge into lay women's hands, making the appropriation of medical technologies a centerpiece of their political project. In the process, they rejected the authority of physicians and gave new politicized meanings to the tools they claimed as their own. As lay healthworkers at FemHealth continued the project of appropriation, they also continued to negotiate their dependence on physicians to perform tasks that required a medical license. Drawing on participant observation and interviews with healthworkers, I argue that struggles over the role and authority of physicians in this clinic play out through debates over two similar and competing tools used in the abortion procedure: the single-tooth tenaculum and the cervical stabilizer. Many healthworkers invested in the stabilizer as 'inherently feminist' in hopes that it would maintain its politics even when passed into physicians' hands. While appropriation depends on the ability of users to alter a technology's meanings, actors may feel invested in the new politics taken on by appropriated tools and work towards making those meanings persist, or 'stick'. PMID:23189608

  4. Software appropriation over time: from adoption to stabilization and beyond

    OpenAIRE

    Antonette Mendoza; Jennie Carroll; Linda Stern

    2010-01-01

    Technologies are introduced into an organization with the aim of improving productivity. However, persistent use of an information system is required to enhance productivity and user satisfaction. In this paper, we examine the process of technology appropriation and the factors that encourage and discourage use of an information system over time. In a longitudinal field study in an educational setting, we identify changing expectations and influences that encourage persistent use of a technol...

  5. Externalities in appropriation: Responses to probabilistic losses

    OpenAIRE

    Blanco, Esther; Haller, Tobias; Walker, James M.

    2014-01-01

    We examine behavior in one-shot appropriation games with deterministic and probabilistic degradation externalities, where the marginal net benefit from appropriation is endogenous, dependent on individuals' expectations of group appropriation. The experimental design involves a menu of games where the magnitude of a loss parameter associated with probabilistic degradation varies across games. On average, as the loss parameter increases we observe a significant reduction in group appropriation...

  6. 50 CFR 34.8 - Appropriations authorized.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Appropriations authorized. 34.8 Section 34... (CONTINUED) THE NATIONAL WILDLIFE REFUGE SYSTEM REFUGE REVENUE SHARING WITH COUNTIES § 34.8 Appropriations authorized. The Act authorizes appropriations to the fund for any fiscal year when the aggregate amount...

  7. 24 CFR 340.3 - Appropriations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Appropriations. 340.3 Section 340.3 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development (Continued) GOVERNMENT... Appropriations. There is authority for Congress to appropriate such sums as may be necessary to enable...

  8. APPROPRIATION IN A COMPETITIVE THEORY OF VALUE

    OpenAIRE

    Louis Makowski; Joseph M. Ostroy

    2012-01-01

    Two perspectives on the price system are examined, as a method of valuation represented by Walrasian equilibrium and as a means of appropriation represented by “perfectly competitive equilibrium.” The stronger requirements of perfectly competitive equilibrium emphasize that valuation is driven by appropriation. Similarities between the full appropriation property of perfectly competitive equilibrium and efficient incentive compatible mechanism design are demonstrated.

  9. Towards appropriate seismic margins in nuclear plant piping

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Some results of ongoing research being conducted for the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) at the Energy Technology Engineering Center (ETEC) are reported. These results include the development of a methodology for establishing and estimating appropriate seismic margins in nuclear plant piping

  10. Appropriate technology for oil spill management in developing nations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    It has been estimated that some 6 million tonnes of crude oil is routinely transported by tankship around the world's oceans on a daily basis. Despite the introduction of stringent operating and safety regimes there remains the possibility of an incident occurring that could threaten the waters and shorelines of countries that are in the vicinity of these routes. Shipboard and international contingency plans assume a level of preparedness which may be limited in some of the countries that lie along these shipping lanes. Although the probability of significant oil pollution incidents occurring whilst the vessel is on the high seas is minimal, they have occurred, some with considerable impact on the areas concerned. Whilst the majority of countries have some form of mutual aid and agreements in place and a number have access to equipment stockpiles, there are still a significant number of areas where there is heavy reliance on local resources. This paper addresses ways in which countries with limited resources can best be prepared for an oil spill and some of the challenges which this entails. (author)

  11. Waste not - want not. DOE appropriate technology small grants program

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1981-01-01

    The work reported was to look at various alternatives for local solid waste management and develop an implementation strategy for a resource conservation and recovery plan for the community of Berea, Kentucky. A library on recycling and conservation of resources was compiled, and state and local plans were examined. To get a better understanding of how the community would respond to a waste reduction and recycling program, a series of surveys was conducted. A community recycling project plan is proposed. (LEW)

  12. Using computer technology to identify the appropriate radioactive materials packaging

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Radioactive Materials Packaging (RAMPAC) database is designed to store and retrieve information on all non-classified packages certified for the transport of radioactive materials within the boundaries of the US. The information in RAMPAC is publicly available, and the database has been designed so that individuals without programming experience can search for and retrieve information using a menu-driven system. RAMPAC currently contains information on over 650 radioactive material shipping packages. Information is gathered from the US Department of Energy (DOE), the US Department of transportation (DOT), and the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). RAMPAC is the only tool available to radioactive material shippers that contains and reports packaging information from all three Federal Agencies. The DOT information includes package listings from Canada, France, Germany, Great Britain, and Japan, which have DOT revalidations for their certificates of competent authority and are authorized for use within the US for import and export shipments only. RAMPAC was originally developed in 1981 by DOE as a research and development tool. In recent years, however, RAMPAC has proven to be highly useful to operational personnel. As packages become obsolete or materials to be transported change, shippers of radioactive materials must be able to determine if alternative packages exist before designing new packages. RAMPAC is designed to minimize the time required to make this determination, thus assisting the operational community in meeting their goals

  13. Value Appropriation within a Business Network

    OpenAIRE

    Ellegaard, Chris; Geersbro, Jens; Medlin, Christopher J.

    2010-01-01

    This paper explores the interplay between value creation and appropriation of value by firms within a business network context. These two value processes are inter-linked. Collectively firms create a product of value to an end consumer and a part of that value is appropriated by each firm in the network. Value appropriation is composed of a number of different negotiation processes, value and cost moving between exchange parties and price making and taking spread across time. Value appropriat...

  14. Mobile Phone Appropriation of Students and Staff at an Institution of Higher Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karim, Nor Shahriza Abdul; Oyebisi, Ishaq Oyefolahan; Mahmud, Murni

    2010-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to investigate the adoption and appropriation of mobile phone (MP) technologies by building on the technology appropriation theories. The paper also looks into the choice of MP use through various attractors, the purposes of MP use and the extent of use of various MP applications and features by the targeted…

  15. 32 CFR 3.5 - Appropriate use.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Appropriate use. 3.5 Section 3.5 National... CONTRACTS, GRANTS, OR COOPERATIVE AGREEMENTS FOR PROTOTYPE PROJECTS § 3.5 Appropriate use. In accordance... Executive for the agency determines in writing that exceptional circumstances justify the use of...

  16. 2011 Education Appropriations Guide. Issue Brief

    Science.gov (United States)

    Delisle, Jason; Cohen, Jennifer

    2011-01-01

    Congress completed the fiscal year 2011 appropriations process on April 14th, 2011, finalizing annual funding for nearly all federal education programs through September 30, 2011 at $68.3 billion, up $4.2 billion from the prior year. Making sense of the federal education budget and the appropriations process can be a frustrating task for education…

  17. 7 CFR 457.9 - Appropriation contingency.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Appropriation contingency. 457.9 Section 457.9 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FEDERAL CROP INSURANCE CORPORATION, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE COMMON CROP INSURANCE REGULATIONS § 457.9 Appropriation...

  18. 2012 Education Appropriations Guide. Issue Brief

    Science.gov (United States)

    Delisle, Jason; Cohen, Jennifer

    2012-01-01

    Congress completed the fiscal year 2012 appropriations process on December 17th, 2011, finalizing annual funding for federal education programs through September 30, 2012 at $68.1 billion, down $233 million from the prior year. It is the first year since 2007 that Congress did not increase total appropriations for education programs. This issue…

  19. Economy-oriented strategy of appropriate technique

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xiaoyang CHEN; Dekun ZHONG

    2008-01-01

    From angle of economy this paper tries to establish the outlook on appropriate technique effect by reconsidering the cost and economics. In light of the cur-rent situation of domestic technique and the relevant liv-ing example, it proposes the basic tactics for innovation of the appropriate technique and for low-tech strategy.

  20. Appropriating the Returns from Industrial R&D

    OpenAIRE

    Richard C. Levin; Alvin K. Klevorick; Richard R. Nelson; Winter, Sidney G.

    1988-01-01

    In this paper, we describe the results of an inquiry into the nature of appropriability conditions in over one hundred manufacturing industries, and we discuss how this information has been and might be used to cast light on important issues in the economics of innovation and public policy. Our data, derived from a survey of high-level R&D executives, are informed opinions about the nature of an industry's technological and economic environment rather than quantitative measures of inputs and ...

  1. HOW TO SELECT APPROPRIATE HUMAN RESOURCE CONTROLLING INDICATORS

    OpenAIRE

    Monika Dugelova; Mariana Strenitzerova

    2015-01-01

    Human resource controlling represents a company’s strategic method to support its role is planning, checking, and managing—including information supplement for human resources department. Human resource controlling helps with optimization and transformation of human resource functions and with general human resource management. Our survey deals with the implementation of human resource controlling in information technology companies. The selection of appropriate human resource controlling too...

  2. Appropriate flow forecasting for reservoir operation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dong, Xiaohua

    2005-01-01

    The aim of the study presented in this thesis is to develop and apply a methodology to determine the appropriate model application by including the water management objective explicitly, and to demonstrate its benefits.

  3. Appropriateness of Lyme Disease Serologic Testing

    OpenAIRE

    Ramsey, Alan H.; Belongia, Edward A.; Chyou, Po-Huang; Davis, Jeffrey P.

    2004-01-01

    BACKGROUND Although rapid diagnosis of Lyme disease is essential for effective treatment, there is concern about inappropriate testing. We conducted a prospective, cross-sectional survey of clinicians to assess the use and appropriateness of Lyme disease serologic tests (LDSTs).

  4. Ways of art appropriation by the advertising

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberta Fernandes Esteves

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Based on the different ways of appropriation of the artistic visualrepresentations by the advertising communication, proposed by Lucia Santaella (2005 – imitation of the ways of composing and incorporation of the artistic image – this article presents, as of the examination of advertisements broadcast in different countries, seven new categories outlined on the basis of partial or total use of the appropriated image and the interference performed in them.

  5. Technology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xu Jing

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The traditional answer card reading method using OMR (Optical Mark Reader, most commonly, OMR special card special use, less versatile, high cost, aiming at the existing problems proposed a method based on pattern recognition of the answer card identification method. Using the method based on Line Segment Detector to detect the tilt of the image, the existence of tilt image rotation correction, and eventually achieve positioning and detection of answers to the answer sheet .Pattern recognition technology for automatic reading, high accuracy, detect faster

  6. Analysis of databases appropriation in the academic staffs of Iranian Universities of Medical Sciences according to the social appropriation approach

    OpenAIRE

    Keyvanara, Mahmoud; Sohrabi, Mozaffar Cheshmeh; Zare, Firoozeh; Hassnazadeh, Akbar; Malekahmadi, Parisa

    2014-01-01

    Background: Numerous researches conducted on about the quality of perception of media messages shows that the people are not passive receivers but they have the ability of understanding, interpreting and accepting or rejecting messages. In order to make clear the relationship of information and communication technologies with social changes and to gain a broader vision from this scope, sociological theories about information and communication technologies’ usage, especially appropriation appr...

  7. Application and Exploration of Appropriate Technology for 0-to-36-Month Children′s Health Management in Community%"社区0~36个月儿童健康管理"适宜技术的应用与探索

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李惠霞; 巫云辉; 麦艳冰; 李艳霞; 李月; 詹晓萍

    2011-01-01

    Objective To analyze the state of applying appropriate technology on " community 0 - to - 36 - month children's health management" in community health service centers in order to improve the health management level for community children. Methods To summarize the operating situation of 0 - to - 36 - month children's health management and to compare the index changes of children's health care work quality in community before and after the pilot work. Results Through the use of appropriate technology on " community 0 - to - 36 - months of children's health management", the child health management work of the street got a qualitative change , the personnel management skills and consciousness of children's health were obviously improved, the benefit for children was evidently raised, and the rates of children's health coverage and management system were obviously improved. Conclusion The application of appropriate technology on " community 0 - to - 36 - months of children's health management" has changed the situation and promoted children's health care work in community. The health management of community children has a great social demand and good social effect, so it is necessary to further spread and apply.%目的 分析总结"社区0~36个月儿童健康管理"适宜技术在深圳市光明新区公明街道社区健康服务中心的应用情况,以提高社区儿童的健康管理水平.方法 总结我街道社区0~36个月儿童健康管理的开展情况,对比试点前后儿童保健工作质量的指标变化.结果 通过使用"社区0~36个月儿童健康管理"适宜技术,我街道的儿童健康管理工作有了质的改变,儿保人员的儿童保健技能、健康管理意识明显提高;社区儿童受益明显,儿童保健覆盖率、系统管理率明显提高.结论 "社区0~36个月儿童健康管理"适宜技术的应用改变了社区儿童健康管理局面,促进了社区儿童保健工作的开展,社区儿童健康管理有很大

  8. Pragmatic Distance and Appropriateness of Utterance Politeness

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴丽丽

    2014-01-01

    The Politeness Principle proposed by Leech complements Grice ’ Cooperative Principle to a cer-tain extent in explaining the indirectness of language .However , the nature of politeness is its relativity . Determined by various factors such as social and cultural ones , the appropriateness of politeness at utter-ance level is affected by the appropriateness of the pragmatic distance between the participants .Different from the interpersonal relationships , pragmatic distance is calculated and determined in the process of communication varying with the variation of the communicative factors .Pragmatic distance is dynamic and can be maintained and altered by participants by using certain linguistic expressions to achieve the appro -priateness of politeness in communication .

  9. Teaching Rhythmic Gymnastics: A Developmentally Appropriate Approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palmer, Heather C.

    This book is designed to guide teachers through the process of creating a developmentally appropriate rhythmic gymnastics program for children age 5-11. Rhythmic gymnastics programs develop fitness, inspire creativity, and allow all children to work at their own level. The book features 10 chapters in two parts. Part 1, "Getting Started on a…

  10. Defining and Operationalizing Appropriation for Science Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Levrini, Olivia; Fantini, Paola; Tasquier, Giulia; Pecori, Barbara; Levin, Mariana

    2015-01-01

    The goal of this article is to contribute to understanding the interplay between students' disciplinary engagement and their identity construction. The term appropriation, borrowed from scholars in linguistics and education, was chosen to capture this broader sense of productive learning that sits at the nexus of disciplinary engagement and…

  11. Earmarks and State Appropriations for Higher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Delaney, Jennifer A.

    2011-01-01

    This study considers the relationship between federal academic earmarks and state appropriations for higher education. Often referred to as "pork," federal academic earmarks are both controversial and understudied. Using a unique panel dataset which spans 1990-2006, this study conducts a panel analysis with two-way state and year-fixed effects. It…

  12. Rediscovering Enterprise: Developing Appropriate University Entrepreneurship Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bridge, Simon; Hegarty, Cecilia; Porter, Sharon

    2010-01-01

    Purpose: Entrepreneurship can refer to business start-up, but now sometimes has wider connotations. This paper aims to explore what entrepreneurship means for the promoters of entrepreneurship education and what might be appropriate for the students who consume it. Design/methodology/approach: The paper assesses the work of NICENT (The Northern…

  13. Transparency, Appropriability and the Early State

    OpenAIRE

    Mayshar, Joram; Moav, Omer; Neeman, Zvika

    2011-01-01

    We propose a general theory that explains the extent of the state and accounts for related institutions as byproducts of the state's extractive technology. We posit further that this extractive technology is determined by the transparency of the production technology. This theory is applied to examine two principal phases in the evolution of the early state. First, we argue that the common explanation of the emergence of the state as a consequence of the availability of food surplus due to th...

  14. 78 FR 12771 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Disaster Relief Appropriations Act, 2013 Public...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-25

    ... technology, e.g., permitting electronic submission of responses. This Notice also lists the following... Office of Community Planning and Development to monitor special appropriation grants under the Community... recovery needs. The recent Hurricane Sandy supplemental appropriation (Pub. L. 113- 2) provides funding...

  15. Appropriation of social media for knowledge sharing by patients with chronic illness

    OpenAIRE

    Isika, Nwakego; Mendoza, Antonette; Bosua, Rachelle

    2016-01-01

    Social media technologies are increasingly utilized by patients, leading to development of online social groups where patients share experiences and offer support to their peers on these platforms. There is limited research investigating actual use of social media platforms by patients, issues faced in using such platforms and how appropriation of these platforms impact patient outcomes. A conceptual model based on social support theory and model of technology appropriation is proposed in ord...

  16. R&D Subsidies and the Surplus Appropriability Problem

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Anders

    2005-01-01

    It may be optimal from a welfare perspective to use R&D subsidies when the source of R&D distortions originates from the surplus appropriability problem and technological spillovers in the form of knowledge spillovers, creative destruction, and duplication externalities are absent. Hence, R&D sub...... unwilling to use the level of spending required to implement the optimum policy. The argument is developed in a semi-endogenous growth model where the only distortion is monopoly pricing of intermediate goods.Keywords: R&D, policy instruments, welfare, market powerJEL: O38, O41...

  17. Is Bloom's Taxonomy Appropriate for Computer Science?

    OpenAIRE

    Johnson, Colin G.; Fuller, Ursula

    2007-01-01

    Bloom's taxonomy attempts to provide a set of levels of cognitive engagement with material being learned. It is usually presented as a generic framework. In this paper we outline some studies which examine whether the taxonomy is appropriate for computing, and how its application in computing might differ from its application elsewhere. We place this in the context of ongoing debates concerning graduateness and attempts to benchmark the content of a computing degree.

  18. An Appropriate Indicator for Diagnosing Gestational Diabetes

    OpenAIRE

    Jui-Hung Sun; Lai-Chu See; Tsung-Hong Chiu; T’sang-T’ang Hsieh; Miau-Ju Huang

    2005-01-01

    Background: This study was intended to simplify the diagnostic procedure for gestationaldiabetes mellitus (GDM) through using a single plasma glucose level, after a100 g oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT), as the most appropriate indicatorfor diagnosing GDM in pregnant women with a positive 50 g, 1-hour oralglucose challenge test (GCT) in Northern Taiwan.Methods: A total of 973 native Taipei metropolitan pregnant women with a positiveGCT, who underwent a 100 g, 3-hour OGTT were retrospectivel...

  19. Appropriation: Towards a Sociotechnical History of Authorship

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adriaan van der Weel

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available The evolution of our literate culture across the millennia has been marked by clearly identified and well-documented milestones in the history of reading and writing technologies. Changes in literacy, understood as the sum of reading and writing practices, have always followed such milestones at some remove. Not only are they much more diffuse in character and much harder to identify and describe, but they stand in a tenuous cause-and-effect relationship to the technologies in question. This article makes a plea for a stronger awareness of the effects of technology on our literate culture. Reading has always received a fair amount of attention (with the history of reading being a prominent subdiscipline of the field of book studies, but it should be recognized that its corollary, authorship, is a central, and, as digital technology is becoming ubiquitous—at least in the Western world—, increasingly important part of our literate culture, too. With Web 2.0 technology enabling more people than ever in history to write for public or at least semi-public consumption, the concept, definition and status of authorship is in need of radical revision.

  20. An Appropriate Indicator for Diagnosing Gestational Diabetes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jui-Hung Sun

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available Background: This study was intended to simplify the diagnostic procedure for gestationaldiabetes mellitus (GDM through using a single plasma glucose level, after a100 g oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT, as the most appropriate indicatorfor diagnosing GDM in pregnant women with a positive 50 g, 1-hour oralglucose challenge test (GCT in Northern Taiwan.Methods: A total of 973 native Taipei metropolitan pregnant women with a positiveGCT, who underwent a 100 g, 3-hour OGTT were retrospectively surveyed.GDM was defined according to the standards of National Diabetes DataGroup. Plasma glucose levels, obtained 1 hour following a GCT and at multipletiming following a 100 g oral glucose load, were used to plot receiveroperative characteristic curves to determine the most appropriate indicatorfor diagnosing GDM.Results: In the 973 pregnant women with a positive GCT, a 2-hour plasma glucoselevel above 165 mg/dl revealed a sensitivity and specificity of 91.2% and90.3%, respectively.Conclusions: To simplify the diagnostic procedure for GDM, we suggest that a 2-hourplasma glucose level above 165 mg/dl after a 100 g OGTT might be anappropriate indicator for diagnosing GDM in women with a positive GCT.

  1. Public Space Design between Alienation and Appropriation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Smith, Shelley; Steinø, Nicolai

    2014-01-01

    Urban public space in a Western context has become increasingly functionalized and pre-determined. Designations for use, and by whom, have become more prolific – often in the name of practicality or safety – and have introduced more or less formalised codes of accepted behaviour. This represents a...... barrier to the appropriation of public space by citizens, in particular when it comes to less conventional and new cultural practices – and this in turn becomes a barrier for both inclusion and for how we define and conceptualise space itself. This is problematic in a notion of public space as the space...... alternative urban practices for a discussion of the role of architecture and design in materialising space, between segregation and intolerance on the one hand, and inclusion and curiosity on the other. While the design approach adopted may vary, it ultimately plays a large role in determining the scope of...

  2. Rapid diagnostics and appropriate antibiotic use.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rice, Louis B

    2011-05-01

    Most antibiotics are prescribed by physicians lacking postgraduate training in infectious diseases. As such, prescribing physicians have varying levels of interest and sophistication in thinking about how to use molecular and microbiological data to inform therapeutic choices. Strategies designed to modify physician antimicrobial-prescribing practices must therefore choose simplicity over complexity and must acknowledge our fundamental ignorance of many of the specifics of antibiotic-microorganism interactions. They must also acknowledge the critical nature of bacterial illnesses in hospitalized patients and the importance of delivering effective antimicrobial therapy early in the illness. "Back-end" strategies that evaluate therapy at defined intervals will be more readily accepted than strategies limiting physician choices early in the illness. It is therefore critical that we develop rapid and reliable microbiological assays, evidence-based recommendations on appropriate durations of therapy, and accurate surrogate markers of infection resolution. PMID:21460296

  3. Shoosing the appropriate size wind turbine

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lynette, R. [FloWind Corp., San Rafael, CA (United States)

    1996-12-31

    Within the past several years, wind turbines rated at 400 kW and higher have been introduced into the market, and some manufacturers are developing machines rated at 750 - 1,000+ kW. This raises the question: What is the appropriate size for utility-grade wind turbines today? The answer depends upon the site where the machines will be used and the local conditions. The issues discussed in the paper are: (1) Site-Related (a) Visual, noise, erosion, television interference, interference with aviation (b) Siting efficiency (2) Logistics (a) Adequacy of roads and bridges to accept large vehicles (b) Availability and cost of cranes for erection and maintenance (c) Capability of local repair/overhauls (3) Cost Effectiveness (a) Capital costs (1) Wind Turbine (2) Infrastructure costs (b) Maintenance costs (4) Technical/Financial Risk. 1 fig., 1 tab.

  4. Selecting appropriate cases when tracing causal mechanisms

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Beach, Derek; Pedersen, Rasmus Brun

    2016-01-01

    , ontological determinism, causal asymmetry and causal homogeneity and the importance of context. We then develop a set of case selection guidelines that are in methodological alignment with these underlying assumptions. Section 4 develops guidelines for research where the mechanism is the primary focus......The last decade has witnessed resurgence in the interest in studying the causal mechanisms linking causes and outcomes in the social sciences. This article explores the overlooked implications for case selection when tracing mechanisms using in-depth case studies. Our argument is that existing case...... selection guidelines are appropriate for research aimed at making cross-case claims about causal relationships, where case selection is primarily used to control for other causes. However, existing guidelines are not in alignment with case-based research that aims to trace mechanisms, where the goal is to...

  5. Exploring voices, exploring appropriate education. A practitioners’ discourse'

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Grol, C.E.J.

    2012-01-01

    My thesis describes an exploratory process into a practitioners’ discourse on appropriate education. Chapter one: Appropriate Education is about the Dutch educational policy called Passend onderwijs. The chapter positions the appropriate education in national and international educational and ethica

  6. A Modest Proposal: (Possible) Implications for Appropriation

    OpenAIRE

    Kinnaird, Peter

    2013-01-01

    As technologies are developed and constructed, designers may or may not be aware that they are embedding politics and values into their artifacts. Computer scientists operate and advance their field by building layers of abstraction into software and hardware to reduce the complexity of interfaces, making the artifacts they create zuhanden for others in part by imposing constraints. The increasing reliance of global populations and economies on communication mediated by many information and c...

  7. Plasma technology directory

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Plasma Technology Directory has two main goals: (1) promote, coordinate, and share plasma technology experience and equipment within the Department of Energy; and (2) facilitate technology transfer to the commercial sector where appropriate. Personnel are averaged first by Laboratory and next by technology area. The technology areas are accelerators, cleaning and etching deposition, diagnostics, and modeling

  8. Neurophysiological appropriateness of ionizing radiation effects

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The goal of this study was to compare bioelectrical activity of the brain in remote period of acute radiation sickness (ARS), chronic and prenatal irradiation as a result of the Chernobyl disaster. Registration of computerized 19-channel EEG, visual and somato-sensory evoked potentials have been carried out for 70 patients who had a verified ARS, 100 Chernobyl disaster survivors, who have been working in the Chernobyl exclusion zone since 1986-87 during 5 and more years, 50 prenatally irradiated children, and relevant controls. The relative risks of neurophysiological abnormalities are 4.5 for the ARS-patients, 3.6 for the chronically irradiated persons and 3.7 for the prenatally irradiated children. The data obtained testify to possibility of radiation-induced neurophysiological abnormalities in examined Chernobyl accident survivors which seems to be non-stochastic effects of ionizing radiation. For all examined irradiated patients it was typically an increasing of δ- and β- powers of EEG, particularly, in the frontal lobe shifted to the left fronto-temporal region, but spectral power of both θ- and α-range was significantly depressed. Aforesaid signs together with data of evoked potentials reflect the structural and functional abnormalities of limbic system and the left hemisphere as the first revealed neurophysiological appropriateness of ionizing radiation effects. (author)

  9. Quantifying the Human Appropriation of Fresh Water by African Agriculture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joseph Alcamo

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Human appropriation of renewable freshwater (HARF is a measure for the influence of human activities on the global water cycle. It describes the fraction of accessible water that is directly used by human-dominated systems. We present a comprehensive model-based analysis of HARF for crop production on the African continent. Our analysis includes the components evapotranspiration from cropland (“green” water fluxes and water used for cropland irrigation (crop-related fraction of “blue” water fluxes. Model experiments were conducted for two scenarios with a time horizon of 2050, taking into account the combined effects of land-use change, climate change, and technological change. For the year 2000, evapotranspiration from Africa's rainfed cropland (green water flux is estimated to be 1085 km3/yr, whereas the abstraction of water for irrigation purposes from the renewable water resources (blue water flux is estimated to be approximately 180 km3/yr. According to the model experiments, between 2000–2050, an area between 1.25 million km2 and 1.56 million km2 of natural biomes will be converted to cropland. Consequently, for 2050, evapotranspiration from rainfed cropland is substantially greater than in 2000, ranging from 1870–2040 km3/yr, depending on the scenario, and irrigation abstraction increases up to 194–330 km3/yr. These findings point out the significant role of water appropriated for rainfed crop production in the continental water cycle, in contrast to the sum of water appropriated for irrigation. Furthermore, they suggest that it would be worthwhile to look for opportunities to reduce the amount of water evaporated and transpired from cropland to increase the “water productivity” of cropland. Finally, they indicate that under the given scenarios, this additional production is very likely to come at the cost of the extent of natural biomes and their associated ecosystem services.

  10. Appropriation des Tic et performance des entreprises

    OpenAIRE

    Lethiais, Virginie; Smati, Wided

    2009-01-01

    L'utilisation des TIC (Technologies de l'information et de la Communication) se développe dans les entreprises pour assurer des tâches de plus en plus nombreuses : la communication, la recherche d'informations, la commercialisation des produits et services, le travail en groupe, la gestion de l'entreprise, la prospection, etc. Les équipements en TIC ainsi que l'usage qui en est fait diffèrent d'une entreprise à une autre selon de nombreux critères. L'objet de ce quatre pages est de déterminer...

  11. Appropriate Strategies for Rural Houses In Northwest China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HE Quan; LIU Jia-ping; LU Xiao-hui; YANG Liu

    2009-01-01

    To avoid the old road of urban development with high consumption and high pollution,this paper took the houses in a village near Yinchuan(a typical city of Northwest China)as an exemplary proiect to explore the appropriate strategies in the arid cold climate for the sustainable devdopment in rural undeveloped areas Northwest China.Firstly,all houses were designed according to the principles of passive solar heating.Second-ly,optimized biomass energy technologies such as biogas pit and straw gasification stove were utilized for cooking or heating.Last but not the least important,the ecological building materials such as earth,straw bale,fly ash were used to construct houses,which improves the indoor thermal comfort and meanwhile lowers the negative impact on the environment.Low costs,easy accessibility and habitants'inclination were taken into account in the process of design.

  12. Footprinting e-learners' activity: A first step to help their appropriation of the training system?

    OpenAIRE

    Ollagnier-Beldame, Magali

    2010-01-01

    Information and communication technologies have invaded the field of training, though their performances have been judged by companies to be insufficient. Among the origins of this state of affairs, the author considers that the lack of knowledge of what happens in a "real use situation" plays an important role. Indeed, understanding what is involved in learners-system interactions is fundamental to improve the system appropriation and its efficient usage. This appropriation is a dual necessi...

  13. 50 CFR 35.4 - Appropriations and personnel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Appropriations and personnel. 35.4 Section... Appropriations and personnel. No appropriation shall be made available for the payment of expenses or salaries for the administration of a wilderness unit as a separate entity nor shall any appropriation be...

  14. 32 CFR 22.515 - Provisions of annual appropriations acts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Provisions of annual appropriations acts. 22.515... Provisions of annual appropriations acts. An annual appropriations act can include general provisions stating... during which a given year's appropriations are available for obligation), and because they can vary...

  15. From Adoption to Use: the process of appropriating a mobile phone

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jennie Carroll

    2003-05-01

    Full Text Available Users appropriate a technology through a process of evaluation that results either in rejection or adoption, adaptation and integration of the technology into their everyday activities. Currently this process, and the influences on users’ decisions within that process, is poorly understood. This paper reports a research project that examines young people’s appropriation of mobile technologies. Thirty young Australians were supplied with a free WAP phone for a month and were tracked from their expectations, the initial encounter and the first month of use of a WAP phone. We found that the influences on their adoption of the phones were quite different to those on ongoing use and so the influences on adoption do not predict long-term use. It is clear that studying adoption is only one step towards understanding technology acceptance and use and that rejection of a technology, even one that is supplied free of cost, is an ever-present option.

  16. Appropriateness in health care delivery: definitions, measurement and policy implications.

    OpenAIRE

    Lavis, J N; Anderson, G M

    1996-01-01

    A major focus of the current health care debate is the notion that a substantial proportion of the health care delivered in Canada is inappropriate. There are two types of appropriateness: appropriateness of a service and appropriateness of the setting in which care is provided (i.e., inpatient v. outpatient or home care). Measuring both types objectively requires the comparison of observed patterns of care with explicit criteria for appropriate care. The few studies of appropriateness conduc...

  17. Typologie de pratiques de gestion et indices d'appropriation.

    OpenAIRE

    Gauche, Karine

    2013-01-01

    Experts and researchers in sciences of management have questioned for more than thirty years the concept of appropriation. Many studies related to a particular case of organization, with for objective characterizing the process of appropriation. The questioning on the etymology of the term "appropriation" is useful to clarify the various perspectives of research on the appropriation. It also opens ways for a simplified observation of the appropriation of management tools. Data have been colle...

  18. ACR Appropriateness Criteria Review ACR Appropriateness Criteria® Occupational Lung Diseases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bacchus, Leon; Shah, Rakesh D; Chung, Jonathan H; Crabtree, Traves P; Heitkamp, Darel E; Iannettoni, Mark D; Johnson, Geoffrey B; Jokerst, Clinton; McComb, Barbara L; Saleh, Anthony G; Steiner, Robert M; Mohammed, Tan-Lucien H; Ravenel, James G

    2016-01-01

    Occupational lung disease is a category of disease entities characterized by a reaction of the lung parenchyma to inhaled aerosolized particles found in the environment. This document summarizes the imaging appropriateness data for silicosis, coal worker pneumoconiosis, and asbestosis. The main points of the document are that computed tomography is more sensitive than radiography, computed tomography without contrast generally suffices for evaluation, and fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography may have utility in patients with mesothelioma. The American College of Radiology Appropriateness Criteria are evidence-based guidelines for specific clinical conditions that are reviewed every 3 years by a multidisciplinary expert panel. The guideline development and review includes an extensive analysis of current medical literature from peer-reviewed journals and the application of a well-established consensus methodology (modified Delphi) to rate the appropriateness of imaging and treatment procedures by the panel. In those instances in which evidence is lacking or not definitive, expert opinion may be used to recommend imaging or treatment. PMID:26656194

  19. The appropriateness of XML for diagnostic description

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A standard for the self-description of fusion plasma diagnostics will be required in the near future. The motivation is to maintain and organize the information on all the components of a laboratory experiment, from the hardware to the access security, to save time and money. Since there is no existing standard to organize this kind of information, every EU Association stores and organizes each experiment in different ways. This can lead to severe problems when the particular organization schema is poorly documented. Standardization is the key to solve these problems. From the commercial information on the diagnostic (component supplier; component price) to the hardware description (component specifications; drawings) to the operation of the equipment (finite state machines) through change control (who changed what and when) and internationalization (information at least in English and a local language). This problem will be met on the ITER project, for which a solution is essential. A strong candidate solution is the Extensible Markup Language (XML). In this paper, a review of the current status of XML related technologies will be presented

  20. Defining appropriate incentive levels: A review of theory and practice

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The theoretical and practical aspects related to determining the incentive levels for demand-side management (DSM) programs are discussed. The theoretical aspects comprise the efficiency criteria, from a social point of view; the equity issue, or ensuring that no one pays higher rates as a result of conservation programs; and the method of recovering the customer's investment, or the implicit discount rate method. The study of these theoretical aspects takes into account the perspectives of all the concerned parties and focuses on the need to harmonize the efficiency criteria which are in opposition. From this process are derived general criteria for aiding program planners and managers to determine the incentive levels for their DSM programs. Past experience has shown that incentive levels cannot be determined in an isolated manner. Other characteristics affecting the carrying out of DSM programs will also have repercussions on the success rate. To determine the appropriate incentives, it is important to have a clear understanding of what the DSM program intends to achieve. Factors such as the market sector, the technology chosen, and demographic characteristics can influence all aspects of the design and implementation of the program, including the type and level of incentive offered. When the goals of the program are clearly established and the intended market is clearly determined, a strategy should be formed which will have the greatest chance of fulfilling the program objectives. The role of each element in the program must be well understood. It is only at this stage that it is possible to determine an appropriate level of incentive. 7 refs

  1. 45 CFR 605.33 - Free appropriate public education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Preschool, Elementary, and Secondary Education § 605.33 Free appropriate public education. (a) General. A recipient that operates a public elementary or secondary education program shall provide a free appropriate... 45 Public Welfare 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Free appropriate public education. 605.33...

  2. 7 CFR 29.41 - The Appropriations Act.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false The Appropriations Act. 29.41 Section 29.41... REGULATIONS TOBACCO INSPECTION Regulations Definitions § 29.41 The Appropriations Act. The Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act for 2002 (Pub. L. 107-76)....

  3. 10 CFR 1022.22 - Requests for authorizations or appropriations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Requests for authorizations or appropriations. 1022.22... ENVIRONMENTAL REVIEW REQUIREMENTS Other Requirements § 1022.22 Requests for authorizations or appropriations. It is DOE policy to indicate in any requests for new authorizations or appropriations transmitted to...

  4. Translation research: from accurate diagnosis to appropriate treatment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pass Harvey I

    2004-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract This review article focuses on the various aspects of translational research, where research on human subjects can ultimately enhance the diagnosis and treatment of future patients. While we will use specific examples relating to the asbestos related cancer mesothelioma, it should be stressed that the general approach outlined throughout this review is readily applicable to other diseases with an underlying molecular basis. Through the integration of molecular-based technologies, systematic tissue procurement and medical informatics, we now have the ability to identify clinically applicable "genotype"-"phenotype" associations across cohorts of patients that can rapidly be translated into useful diagnostic and treatment strategies. This review will touch on the various steps in the translational pipeline, and highlight some of the most essential elements as well as possible roadblocks that can impact success of the program. Critical issues with regard to Institutional Review Board (IRB and Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA compliance, data standardization, sample procurement, quality control (QC, quality assurance (QA, data analysis, preclinical models and clinical trials are addressed. The various facets of the translational pipeline have been incorporated into a fully integrated computational system, appropriately named Dx2Tx. This system readily allows for the identification of new diagnostic tests, the discovery of biomarkers and drugable targets, and prediction of optimal treatments based upon the underlying molecular basis of the disease.

  5. Appropriate storage for high-penetration grid-connected photovoltaic plants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper addresses the dual questions: What is the appropriate storage size and its related properties for matching very large photovoltaic plants to the grid; and what are the available technologies for achieving this end. For this purpose a “Usefulness Index” is defined, which, for any grid flexibility, leads to a PV-storage combination that allows high grid-penetration without storage being wastefully large. The paper then examines the sensitivity of this “appropriate storage size” to variations in our assumptions. The specific case of the Israeli electricity grid is employed for numerical discussion, but the formalism should be useful for wider application. In particular, the “appropriate storage size” deduced in this manner is argued to be a valuable point of departure for optimizations of a more sophisticated nature. Regarding available storage technologies, none is found to have all of the required properties for massive PV-grid penetration, but hybrid combinations should be capable of achieving this end. - Highlights: ► Application of internal system constraints to identify appropriate PV-storage combinations for high PV grid penetration. ► Introduction of storage usefulness index to aid in this identification. ► Discussion of the extent to which the existing storage technologies can facilitate massive PV penetration.

  6. Technology '90

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The US Department of Energy (DOE) laboratories have a long history of excellence in performing research and development in a number of areas, including the basic sciences, applied-energy technology, and weapons-related technology. Although technology transfer has always been an element of DOE and laboratory activities, it has received increasing emphasis in recent years as US industrial competitiveness has eroded and efforts have increased to better utilize the research and development resources the laboratories provide. This document, Technology '90, is the latest in a series that is intended to communicate some of the many opportunities available for US industry and universities to work with the DOE and its laboratories in the vital activity of improving technology transfer to meet national needs. Technology '90 is divided into three sections: Overview, Technologies, and Laboratories. The Overview section describes the activities and accomplishments of the DOE research and development program offices. The Technologies section provides descriptions of new technologies developed at the DOE laboratories. The Laboratories section presents information on the missions, programs, and facilities of each laboratory, along with a name and telephone number of a technology transfer contact for additional information. Separate papers were prepared for appropriate sections of this report

  7. Educational technology and the new technologies

    OpenAIRE

    Verhagen, Pløn W.; Plomp, Tjeerd

    1989-01-01

    Like everywhere in our culture, new technologies gradually penetrate the field of education. This may be seen as a problem area, which asks for appropriate, actions by teachers, curriculum experts, instructional designers and others. As "technology" seems to be the main issue,one may quation whether the introduction of new technologies is to be considered as an educational technological problem. To a certain extent, the answer may be yes. In this contribution, the nature of educational techno...

  8. Creative Commons and Appropriation: Implicit Collaboration in Digital Works

    OpenAIRE

    R. Lyle Skains

    2016-01-01

    Appropriation is a common practice in art and literature; electronic literature in particular lends itself readily to appropriation and collaboration, due to its multimodal and born-digital nature. This paper presents practice-based research examining the effects of digital appropriation on two works of digital fiction (a hyperfiction and an interactive fiction), demonstrating how it alters the creative writer’s typical process, as well as the resulting narrative itself. This practice of appr...

  9. Chapitre 3. Le sens du principe de non-appropriation

    OpenAIRE

    Roth, Armand D.

    2015-01-01

    La prohibition de l’appropriation nationale demeure ambiguë, bien qu’elle soit consacrée par plusieurs instruments internationaux. Aucun de ces instruments ne précise le sens de la notion « d’appropriation nationale ». L’étude de la fonction de cette interdiction (section I) permet de définir les activités d’appropriation prohibées par le droit de l’espace (section II). Section I : La fonction du principe de non-appropriation La doctrine a opéré des recoupements entre différents principes com...

  10. Sandy PMO Disaster Relief Appropriations Act of 2013 Financial Data

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Homeland Security — Sandy PMO: Disaster Relief Appropriations Act of 2013 (Sandy Supplemental Bill) Financial Data. This is the Sandy Supplemental Quarterly Financial Datasets that are...

  11. Appropriation professionnelle des technologies de l'information et de la communication en contexte de dépendance politique : la spécificité de la co-construction de l'information de presse au Congo-Brazzaville (1963-2012)

    OpenAIRE

    Minkala-Ntadi, Pierre,

    2012-01-01

    Le discours de promotion des technologies de l'information et de la communication (TIC) s'est traduit, entre autres, par une approche technocentriste du développement de la presse, faisant de l'usage de ces dispositifs techniques la norme universelle de tout progrès, dans ce secteur d'activité. Assisterait-on, aujourd'hui, à un nivellement des pratiques journalistiques, dans toutes les sociétés humaines, où les TIC auraient été introduites dans les activités de la presse ? Refusant de nous en...

  12. Indications for myocardial-perfusion-scintigraphy according to the appropriateness criteria; Indikationen zur Myokardperfusionsszintigrafie unter Beruecksichtigung der Appropriateness-Kriterien

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lindner, Oliver [Inst. fuer Radiologie, Nuklearmedizin und Molekulare Bildgebung, Herz- und Diabeteszentrum NRW, Univ. der Ruhr-Univ. Bochum (Germany)

    2010-06-15

    The German National Care Guideline (Nationale Versorgungsleitlinie) for chronic CAD provides diagnostic algorithms with indications for the use of cardiac radionuclide imaging. In addition, the Appropriateness Criteria of the American College of Cardiology Foundation (ACCF) provide evidence-medicine based and expert rated indications for the appropriate use of myocardial-perfusion-scintigraphy performed as SPECT or PET. They may serve as a guide for clinicians asking for a cardiac radionuclide study and for nuclear physicians to check for appropriate use. An appropriate imaging test provides an incremental information and a clinical benefit with respect to health outcomes and survival. A total of 67 indications was reviewed, 33 were classified as appropriate while uncertain and inappropriate designations were assigned for 9 and 25 indications, respectively. This paper gives an overview of the appropriate and the uncertain indications for myocardial perfusion imaging. (orig.)

  13. E-Business Technologies

    OpenAIRE

    Carmen TIMOFTE

    2007-01-01

    Internet technologies have revolutionized the business world by creating a global online marketplace. Appropriate understanding for the technologies and the impact of different design choices of technologies (including the Internet and open systems) dramatically affects both functional and non-functional aspects of the e-business solution.

  14. E-Business Technologies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Internet technologies have revolutionized the business world by creating a global online marketplace. Appropriate understanding for the technologies and the impact of different design choices of technologies (including the Internet and open systems dramatically affects both functional and non-functional aspects of the e-business solution.

  15. Motivation and mobile devices: exploring the role of appropriation and coping strategies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ann Jones

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available There has been interest recently in how mobile devices may be motivating forces in the right contexts: for example, one of the themes for the IADIS International Conference on Mobile Learning in 2007 was ‘Affective Factors in Learning with Mobile Devices' (http://www.mlearningconf.org. The authors have previously proposed six aspects of learning with mobile devices in informal contexts that might be motivating: control over learners' goals, ownership, fun, communication, learning-in-context and continuity between contexts. How do these motivational features relate to theoretical accounts of what motivates people to use mobile devices and learn in technology- rich contexts? In this exploratory paper we consider two different candidates for such theoretical approaches. One is technology appropriation–the process by which technology or particular technological artefacts are adopted and shaped in use. Two different approaches to technology appropriation are discussed in order to explore the relationship between the different aspects of appropriation and motivation; that of Carroll et al. and that of Waycott. Both appropriation frameworks have been developed in the context of using mobile devices, but neither has a specific focus on learning. By contrast, the second theoretical approach is Järvelä et al.'s model of coping strategies, which is specifically concerned with learning with technologies, although not with mobile technologies in particular. The paper draws on case-study data in order to illustrate and discuss the extent to which these two approaches are helpful in informing our understanding of the motivating features of using mobile devices for informal learning.

  16. 45 CFR 84.33 - Free appropriate public education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Free appropriate public education. 84.33 Section... ON THE BASIS OF HANDICAP IN PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES RECEIVING FEDERAL FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE Preschool, Elementary, and Secondary Education § 84.33 Free appropriate public education. (a) General. A recipient...

  17. 34 CFR 104.33 - Free appropriate public education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... FEDERAL FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE Preschool, Elementary, and Secondary Education § 104.33 Free appropriate... 34 Education 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Free appropriate public education. 104.33 Section 104.33 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education OFFICE FOR CIVIL...

  18. 7 CFR 15b.22 - Free appropriate public education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Free appropriate public education. 15b.22 Section 15b... PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES RECEIVING FEDERAL FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE Preschool, Elementary, Secondary, Adult, and Extension Education § 15b.22 Free appropriate public education. (a) General. A recipient that operates...

  19. Appropriation of a Shared Workspace: Organizing Principles and Their Application

    Science.gov (United States)

    Overdijk, Maarten; van Diggelen, Wouter

    2008-01-01

    The use and effects of a CSCL-tool are not always predictable from the properties of the tool alone, but depend on how that tool is appropriated. This paper presents the findings from a case study about the appropriation of a graphical shared workspace. When students are presented with a new tool they may encounter competing constraints and…

  20. Evaluation of the appropriate perioperative antibiotic prophylaxis in Italy.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francesco Napolitano

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: The appropriate use of antibiotics prophylaxis in the prevention and reduction in the incidence of surgical site infection is widespread. This study evaluates the appropriateness of the prescription of antibiotics prophylaxis prior to surgery amongst hospitalized patients in the geographic area of Avellino, Caserta, and Naples (Italy and the factors associated with a poor adherence. METHODS: A sample of 382 patients admitted to 23 surgical wards and undergoing surgery in five hospitals were randomly selected. RESULTS: Perioperative antibiotic prophylaxis was appropriate in 18.1% of cases. The multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that patients with hypoalbuminemia, with a clinical infection, with a wound clean were more likely to receive an appropriate antibiotic prophylaxis. Compared with patients with an American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA score ≥4, those with a score of 2 were correlated with a 64% reduction in the odds of having an appropriate prophylaxis. The appropriateness of the timing of prophylactic antibiotic administration was observed in 53.4% of the procedures. Multivariate logistic regression model showed that such appropriateness was more frequent in older patients, in those admitted in general surgery wards, in those not having been underwent an endoscopic surgery, in those with a higher length of surgery, and in patients with ASA score 1 when a score ≥4 was chosen as the reference category. The most common antibiotics used inappropriately were ceftazidime, sultamicillin, levofloxacin, and teicoplanin. CONCLUSIONS: Educational interventions are needed to improve perioperative appropriate antibiotic prophylaxis.

  1. 16 CFR 614.1 - Appropriate proof of identity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Appropriate proof of identity. 614.1 Section... IDENTITY § 614.1 Appropriate proof of identity. (a) Consumer reporting agencies shall develop and implement reasonable requirements for what information consumers shall provide to constitute proof of identity...

  2. Indigenous Thought, Appropriation, and Non-Aboriginal People

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haig-Brown, Celia

    2010-01-01

    In this article, I explore the question, "What is the relationship between appropriation of Indigenous thought and what might be called "deep learning" based in years of education in Indigenous contexts." Beginning with an examination of meanings ascribed to cultural appropriation, I bring texts from Gee on secondary discourses, Foucault on the…

  3. 42 CFR 136.109 - Availability of appropriations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Availability of appropriations. 136.109 Section 136.109 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES INDIAN HEALTH SERVICE... Facilities and Services § 136.109 Availability of appropriations. The Secretary will from time to...

  4. 25 CFR 40.1 - Appropriations for loans or grants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Appropriations for loans or grants. 40.1 Section 40.1 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR EDUCATION ADMINISTRATION OF EDUCATIONAL LOANS, GRANTS AND OTHER ASSISTANCE FOR HIGHER EDUCATION § 40.1 Appropriations for loans or grants....

  5. 38 CFR 18.433 - Free appropriate public education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... education. 18.433 Section 18.433 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS..., Secondary, and Adult Education § 18.433 Free appropriate public education. (a) General. A recipient that operates a public elementary or secondary education program shall provide a free appropriate...

  6. 5 CFR 532.217 - Appropriated fund survey jobs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Appropriated fund survey jobs. 532.217... PREVAILING RATE SYSTEMS Prevailing Rate Determinations § 532.217 Appropriated fund survey jobs. (a) A lead agency shall survey the following required jobs: Job title Job grade Janitor (Light) 1 Janitor (Heavy)...

  7. Undoing Appropriateness: Raciolinguistic Ideologies and Language Diversity in Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flores, Nelson; Rosa, Jonathan

    2015-01-01

    In this article, Nelson Flores and Jonathan Rosa critique appropriateness-based approaches to language diversity in education. Those who subscribe to these approaches conceptualize standardized linguistic practices as an objective set of linguistic forms that are appropriate for an academic setting. In contrast, Flores and Rosa highlight the…

  8. 43 CFR 20.506 - Appropriations, legislation and lobbying.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Appropriations, legislation and lobbying... RESPONSIBILITIES AND CONDUCT Other Employee Conduct Provisions § 20.506 Appropriations, legislation and lobbying... manner a Member of Congress, to favor or oppose, by vote or otherwise, any legislation or...

  9. Conditions stratégiques d'appropriation des usages des Technologies de l'Information et de la Communication (TIC) pour l'accès à la société de l'information. Cas de l'Afrique francophone : Cameroun, Gabon et Sénégal.

    OpenAIRE

    Lodombé Mbiock, Olga Marlyse

    2008-01-01

    Les progrès rapides de la technologie des communications et des transports, qui ont fait baisser les coûts des marchandises, des capitaux, des personnes et de l'information, ont favorisé l'émergence de la société de l'information, grâce à la vitesse à laquelle les informations sont rassemblées et transmises. La réalité de cette société dans de nombreux pays de par le monde a permis à l'UNESCO et l'UNCSTD (United Nations Center for Science and Technology for Development) d'établir des critères...

  10. Trajetórias de uso das tecnologias de comunicação: as formas de apropriação da cultura digital como desafios de uma 'sociedade do conhecimento' Paths of uses of communication technologies: the forms of appropriation of digital culture as a challenge for a 'society of knowledge'

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Serge Proulx

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Com a notória expansão da mediação de práticas comunicativas em redes digitais, aconteceram mudanças significativas no campo sociocultural. Estamos apenas começando a perceber as consequências dessas mudanças e elas já levantam várias questões. Onde tais aparatos técnicos aparecem em práticas de sociabilidade e solidariedade, e na própria natureza do laço social? Que desafios econômicos, políticos e éticos estão relacionados a esses novos modos de intercâmbio, coordenação e comunicação? Nossa resposta está estruturada em torno de duas questões transversais colocadas em sentido oposto ao das trajetórias de uso da rede. Em primeiro lugar, o fato de se ter uma participação em larga escala numa "sociedade de conhecimento" requer apropriação de um núcleo de conhecimentos técnicos relacionados? E, em segundo lugar, deveríamos esperar a emergência de uma nova forma de pensamento, baseada na cooperação, troca e dom, associada ao uso intensivo de redes digitais de comunicação?With the marked expansion of mediation of communicative practices in digital networks, signi?cant changes have happened in the sociocultural landscape. We are only just beginning to grasp the consequences of these changes, and they raise a number of issues. Where do such socio-technical apparatuses ?gure in the practices of sociability and solidarity, and indeed in the very nature of the social bond? What economic, political, and ethical challenges are linked to these new modes of exchange, coordination, and communication? Our response is structured through two cross-cutting questions, situated upstream from trajectories of network use. First, does the fact of large-scale participation in a «knowledge-based society» require appropriation of a core set of related technical knowledges? And, second, should we expect the emergence of a new form of thinking based on cooperation, exchange, and gift-giving, and associated with intensive use of

  11. Apropriação tecnológica na economia do conhecimento: inovação e propriedade intelectual de software na América Latina Technology appropriation in knowledge economy: innovation and intellectual property in Latin American software industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo Bastos Tigre

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Os direitos de propriedade intelectual constituem um instrumento de estímulo à inovação, embora possam também obstaculizar a difusão do conhecimento na economia. Este artigo discute tal conflito na área de software, onde a proteção por patentes é dificultada pelo fato dos ativos serem intangíveis e replicáveis praticamente sem custos. Tomando por base o caso latino-americano, as práticas de proteção à propriedade intelectual são discutidas à luz de sua eficácia enquanto instrumento de estímulo à inovação e difusão das tecnologias da informação. A metodologia utilizada inclui análise do desenvolvimento da indústria de software no subcontinente, das formas de proteção adotadas pelas empresas, das legislações existentes e exame das patentes de software submetidas ao Instituto Nacional da Propriedade Industrial. O artigo conclui que é necessário harmonizar interesses conflitantes que transcendem o aspecto técnico, levando em consideração a necessidade de assegurar novos modelos de negócios e respeitar os acordos internacionais vigentes.Intellectual property rights aim at providing incentives for innovation, but can also constitute a burden for technological diffusion. This article discusses the conflicts arising from software patent protection, an area in which the assets are intangible and replicable at almost no cost. Current practices of intellectual property (IP protection in Latin America are discussed based on their efficiency in stimulating information technologies innovation and diffusion. The methodology adopted includes the analysis of regional software industry development, firms' strategies to protect IP, legislation and the examination of software patents submission at the Brazilian IP Office (INPI. It concludes that harmonizing conflicting interests among existing and new business models and international agreements is a major task that goes beyond pure technical considerations.

  12. Budget estimates fiscal year 1989: Appropriation, Salaries and expenses

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The budget estimates for Salaries and Expenses for FY 1989 provide for obligations of $450,000,000 to be funded in total by a new appropriation. The sum appropriated shall be reduced by the amount of revenues received during fiscal year 1989 from licensing fees, inspection services, and other services and collections, excluding those monies received for the cooperative nuclear safety research program, services rendered to foreign governments and international organizations, and the material and information access authorization programs, so as to result in a final fiscal year 1989 appropriation estimated at not more than $247,500,000

  13. Adoption, adaptation, and abandonment: Appropriation of science education professional development learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Longhurst, Max L.

    Understanding factors that impact teacher utilization of learning from professional development is critical in order maximize the educational and financial investment in teacher professional learning. This study used a multicase mixed quantitative and qualitative methodology to investigate the factors that influence teacher adoption, adaption, or abandonment of learning from science teacher professional development. The theoretical framework of activity theory was identified as a useful way to investigate the phenomenon of teacher appropriation of pedagogical practices from professional development. This framework has the capacity to account for a multitude of elements in the context of a learning experience. In this study educational appropriation is understood through a continuum of how an educator acquires and implements both practical and conceptual aspects of learning from professional development within localized context. The variability associated with instructional changes made from professional development drives this inquiry to search for better understandings of the appropriation of pedagogical practices. Purposeful sampling was used to identify two participants from a group of eighth-grade science teachers engaged in professional development designed to investigate how cyber-enabled technologies might enhance instruction and learning in integrated science classrooms. The data from this investigation add to the literature of appropriation of instructional practices by connecting eight factors that influence conceptual and practical tools with the development of ownership of pedagogical practices in the appropriation hierarchy. Recommendations are shared with professional development developers, providers, and participants in anticipation that future science teaching experiences might be informed by findings from this study.

  14. Authenticity and Appropriation in the Australian Visual Contact Zone of Brenda L. Croft

    OpenAIRE

    Russo, Katherine E.

    2012-01-01

    In the Australian contact zone, visual art has for a long time been represented as colonial property and contemporary Indigenous art has often been studied as an appropriation or worse a stealing of this property. According to this study, the alienable nature of visual technologies has been largely denied by neo-colonial discourses because it implies a relation with other users. The recognition of Indigenous contemporary visual art as legitimate and authentic would be an admittance of co-habi...

  15. 18 CFR 367.2150 - Account 215, Appropriated retained earnings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... NATURAL GAS ACT Balance Sheet Chart of Accounts Proprietary Capital § 367.2150 Account 215, Appropriated... ACT OF 2005, FEDERAL POWER ACT AND NATURAL GAS ACT UNIFORM SYSTEM OF ACCOUNTS FOR CENTRALIZED...

  16. Are referrals to occupational therapy for developmental coordination disorder appropriate?

    OpenAIRE

    Dunford, C; Street, E.; O'Connell, H; Kelly, J; Sibert, J

    2004-01-01

    Aims: To assess children referred to the Occupational Therapy Service in Gwent with a presumptive diagnosis of developmental coordination disorder (DCD) in order to investigate the appropriateness of their referral.

  17. What Is an Activity? Appropriating an Activity-Centric System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yarosh, Svetlana; Matthews, Tara; Moran, Thomas P.; Smith, Barton

    Activity-Centric Computing (ACC) systems seek to address the fragmentation of office work across tools and documents by allowing users to organize work around the computational construct of an Activity. Defining and structuring appropriate Activities within a system poses a challenge for users that must be overcome in order to benefit from ACC support. We know little about how knowledge workers appropriate the Activity construct. To address this, we studied users’ appropriation of a production-quality ACC system, Lotus Activities, for everyday work by employees in a large corporation. We contribute to a better understanding of how users articulate their individual and collaborative work in the system by providing empirical evidence of their patterns of appropriation. We conclude by discussing how our findings can inform the design of other ACC systems for the workplace.

  18. Teaching children with autism to tell socially appropriate lies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bergstrom, Ryan; Najdowski, Adel C; Alvarado, Marisela; Tarbox, Jonathan

    2016-06-01

    This study used a nonconcurrent multiple baseline across participants design to evaluate the use of rules, role-play, and feedback for teaching 3 children with autism spectrum disorder to tell socially appropriate lies when (a) presented with an undesired gift and (b) someone's appearance changed in an undesired way. The intervention was effective in teaching use of socially appropriate lies, and generalization to untrained people and gifts or appearances was observed. PMID:26831011

  19. APPROPRIATE ALLOCATION OF CONTINGENCY USING RISK ANALYSIS METHODOLOGY

    OpenAIRE

    Andi Andi

    2004-01-01

    Many cost overruns in the world of construction are attributable to either unforeseen events or foreseen events for which uncertainty was not appropriately accommodated. It is argued that a significant improvement to project management performance may result from greater attention to the process of analyzing project risks. The objective of this paper is to propose a risk analysis methodology for appropriate allocation of contingency in project cost estimation. In the first step, project risks...

  20. Riscritture appropriate e approprianti. Traduzione e revisione del testo letterario

    OpenAIRE

    Franca Cavagnoli

    2012-01-01

    Both the translation and the revised version of a literary text give rise to similar issues, for in both cases one can adopt a strategy of either appropriate rewriting or appropriating rewriting. In the former case, the tendency is to respect the properties and peculiar qualities of the Other; in the latter, the tendency is to manipulate and distort the text, to reduce the Other to the Self and not to contemplate the creative potentialities of contaminated language. Italian publishing houses ...

  1. Managing Knowledge Flows through Appropriation and Learning Strategies

    OpenAIRE

    Jensen, Paul H.; Elizabeth Webster

    2006-01-01

    In this paper, the management of outgoing and incoming knowledge is modelled as part of the firm’s profit-seeking strategy. Firms stem their outflow of commercially-sensitive knowledge through appropriation mechanisms such as patents and secrecy and stimulate inflows of commercially-valuable knowledge through networking, attending conferences and other forms of external interaction. It is probable, however, that some learning styles undermine some appropriation mechanisms. For instance, recen...

  2. The logic of appropriability: From Schumpeter to Arrow to Teece

    OpenAIRE

    Winter, Sidney G.

    2006-01-01

    This note expounds the abstract fundamentals of the appropriability problem, re-assessing insights from three classic contributions: those of Schumpeter, Arrow and Teece. Whereas the first two contributions were explicitly concerned with the implications of appropriability for society at large, Teece's main concern was with practical questions of business strategy and economic organization. This note argues that, his practical concerns notwithstanding, Teece contributed, en passant but fundam...

  3. PATRIMONY BY APPROPRIATION – AN INSTRUMENT IN BUSINESS OPERATION

    OpenAIRE

    Luminița Tuleașcă

    2014-01-01

    The patrimony by appropriation represents an instrument in business operation, even the business itself, therefore it is required to regulate it in accordance with the requirements of modern economy. This paper analyzes and proposes some solutions for the problems of the patrimony by appropriation as instrument by the dint of which a business is operated, as a modern patrimony management technique and as an instrument for limiting commercial entrepreneurs’ liability. We consider the full auto...

  4. Applying appropriate-use criteria to cardiac revascularisation in India

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sood, Neeraj; Ugargol, Allen P; Barnes, Kayleigh; Mahajan, Anish

    2016-01-01

    Objectives The high prevalence of coronary heart disease and dramatic growth of cardiac interventions in India motivate an evaluation of the appropriateness of coronary revascularisation procedures in India. Although, appropriate-use criteria (AUC) have been used to analyse the appropriateness of cardiovascular care in the USA, they are yet to be applied to care in India. In our study, we apply AUC to cardiac care in Karnataka, India, compare our results to international applications of AUC, and suggest ways to improve the appropriateness of care in India. Setting Data were collected from the Vajpayee Arogyashree Scheme, a government-sponsored health insurance scheme in Karnataka, India. These data were collected as part of the preauthorisation process for cardiac procedures. Participants The final data included a random sample of 600 patients from 28 hospitals in Karnataka, who obtained coronary artery bypass grafting or percutaneous coronary intervention between 1 October 2014 and 31 December 2014. Primary and secondary outcome measures We obtained our primary baseline results using a random imputation simulation to fill in missing data. Our secondary outcome measure was a best case–worst case scenario where missing data were filled to give the lowest or highest number of appropriate cases. Results Of the cases, 86.7% (CI 0.837% to 0.892%) were deemed appropriate, 3.65% (CI 0.023% to 0.055%) were inappropriate and 9.63% (CI 0.074% to 0.123%) were uncertain. Conclusions The vast majority of cardiac revascularisation procedures performed on beneficiaries of a government-sponsored insurance programme in India were found to be appropriate. These results meet or exceed levels of appropriate use of cardiac care in the USA. PMID:27029773

  5. An audit tool for assessing the appropriateness of carotid endarterectomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Feasby Thomas E

    2004-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background To update appropriateness ratings for carotid endarterectomy using the best clinical evidence and to develop a tool to audit the procedure's use. Methods A nine-member expert panel drawn from all the Canadian Specialist societies that are involved in the care of patients with carotid artery disease, used the RAND Appropriateness Methodology to rate scenarios where carotid endarterectomy may be performed. A 9-point rating scale was used that permits the categorization of the use of carotid endarterectomy as appropriate, uncertain, or inappropriate. A descriptive analysis was undertaken of the final results of the panel meeting. A database and code were then developed to rate all carotid endarterectomies performed in a Western Canadian Health region from 1997 to 2001. Results All scenarios for severe symptomatic stenosis (70–99% were determined to be appropriate. The ratings for moderate symptomatic stenosis (50–69% ranged from appropriate to inappropriate. It was never considered appropriate to perform endarterectomy for mild stenosis (0–49% or for chronic occlusions. Endarterectomy for asymptomatic carotid disease was thought to be of uncertain benefit at best. The majority of indications for the combination of endarterectomy either prior to, or at time of coronary artery bypass grafting were inappropriate. The audit tool classified 98.0% of all cases. Conclusions These expert panel ratings, based on the best evidence currently available, provide a comprehensive and updated guide to appropriate use of carotid endarterectomy. The resulting audit tool can be downloaded by readers from the Internet and immediately used for hospital audits of carotid endarterectomy appropriateness.

  6. Appropriate Hydrological Modelling of Climate Change Impacts on River Flooding

    OpenAIRE

    Booij, M. J.; Rizzoli, A.E.; Jakeman, A. J.

    2002-01-01

    How good should a river basin model be to assess the impact of climate change on river flooding for a specific geographical area? The determination of such an appropriate model should reveal which physical processes should be incorporated and which data and mathematical process descriptions should be used at which spatial and temporal scales. A procedure for determining an appropriate model has been developed and applied to the above mentioned specific problem for the Meuse river in France, B...

  7. Factors Associated with the Appropriate Use of Asthma Drugs

    OpenAIRE

    Marie-Sophie Jobin; Jocelyne Moisan; Yves Bolduc; Eileen Dorval; Louis-Philippe Boulet; Jean-Pierre Grégoire

    2011-01-01

    BACKGROUND: When used properly, asthma drugs can reduce asthma-related morbidity and mortality.OBJECTIVE: To assess the use of asthma drugs, and to identify factors associated with appropriateness of use among patients 12 to 45 years of age.METHODS: Asthmatic patients were interviewed about their asthma drug(s) use and the factors potentially associated with appropriateness of use according to the 2003 Canadian Asthma Consensus Conference guidelines. To determine the factors associated with t...

  8. Enrollment Capacity and Technology Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Washington Higher Education Coordinating Board, 2008

    2008-01-01

    The 2007-09 Appropriations Act provided funding to the Higher Education Coordinating Board (HECB) to study the state's capital facility and technology capacity. Specifically, "...state appropriation is provided solely to implement a capital facility and technology capacity study which will compare the 10-year enrollment projections with the…

  9. Emerging Technologies for Telemedicine

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Minh, Cao Duc [National Agency for Science and Technology Information, Hanoi (Viet Nam); Shimizu, Shuji; Antoku, Yasuaki; Torata, Nobuhiro; Kudo, Kuriko; Okamura, Koji; Nakashima, Naoki; Tanaka, Masao [Kyushu University Hospital, Fukuoka (Japan)

    2012-02-15

    This paper focuses on new technologies that are practically useful for telemedicine. Three representative systems are introduced: a Digital Video Transport System (DVTS), an H.323 compatible videoconferencing system, and Vidyo. Based on some of our experiences, we highlight the advantages and disadvantages of each technology, and point out technologies that are especially targeted at doctors and technicians, so that those interested in using similar technologies can make appropriate choices and achieve their own goals depending on their specific conditions.

  10. APROPRIAÇÕES DAS TECNOLOGIAS DIGITAIS E EM REDE POR PROFESSORES: experiências nas escolas estaduais do Ceará, Brasil. APPROPRIATIONS OF DIGITAL AND NETWORK TECHNOLOGIES BY TEACHERS: experiences in the public schools of Ceará, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adriana Rocha Bruno

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available O fortalecimento e implantação das tecnologias da informação e comunicação (TIC é hoje um dos grandes investimentos públicos da Secretaria de Educação do Estado do Ceará. Diante de um cenário social mediado pela cultura digital, cibercultural, que exige dos profissionais do magistério novos olhares sobre seu fazer pedagógico e principalmente o devido conhecimento na utilização de recursos digitais e em rede, infelizmente ainda há em nosso país um significativo contingente de profissionais à margem desse processo. O presente artigo, fruto de uma pesquisa realizada em 2012, investigou a situação do professorado e da gestão escolar das escolas públicas da rede estadual de Fortaleza, Ceará, Brasil, em relação ao conhecimento que possuem sobre TIC e sobre a utilização dessas tecnologias, a partir de uma perspectiva de mudança de paradigma educacional. Essa investigação foi realizada em duas escolas da rede pública estadual do Ceará, as maiores em número de alunos da capital cearense, e com resultados diferentes no Sistema Permanente de Avaliação da Educação do Ceará (SPAECE. Tal pesquisa se desenvolveu por meio de dois movimentos - apresentados neste texto: 1 produção e 2 proposição. No primeiro são oferecidas pistas sobre o apoio dado pela gestão escolar à inserção das TIC na rotina escolar, à habilidade técnica dos profissionais da escola no manuseio desses equipamentos e do quanto e de que forma as TIC são usadas como recursos pedagógicos. No segundo movimento, destacam-se caminhos e proposições de ações integradas, que provoquem um redimensionamento da gestão escolar e do fazer pedagógico na transformação dos processos de ensino e de aprendizagem. The strengthening and implementation of information and communication technology (ICT is today one of the major investments of the Secretariat of Public Education of the State of Ceará, Brazil. Facing a social setting mediated by digital

  11. Textual appropriation: totalitarian violence in Shakespeare’s Macbeth and Textual appropriation: totalitarian violence in Shakespeare’s Macbeth and

    OpenAIRE

    Anna Stegh Camati

    2008-01-01

    Adaptations and vernacular appropriations on page and stage offer alternative readings of Shakespeare’s plays, mediated by heterogeneous forces of race, language and culture Appropriation can take multiple forms, as each generation attempts to redefine Shakespeare in contemporary terms in an ongoing process of mutation (Marsden 9). In an essay entitled “The Postcolonial/Postmodern Shakespeare”, Jyotsna Singh states that the postmodernist tendency to pluralize and decenter all totalizing assum...

  12. Investigation of Appropriate Refractory Material for Laboratory Electritic Resistrance Furnance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J.B Agboola

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available There have been numerous efforts to increase the local content of furnaces; hence the choice of appropriate refractory material for lining of locally manufactured furnaces has remained a major concern. This research work investigates the choice of appropriate local refractory material for the lining of laboratory electric resistance furnace.Electric resistance furnaces are extensively used in the laboratory for heat treatment of metals and alloys. Refractory binders such as silicon carbide were experimented upon for strength and resistance to high temperature.The results obtained showed that Kankara fireclay containing 15% SiC ( 5.70 % linear shrinkage , 46.2% apparent porosity, 1.77gkm³ Bulk density, 18 cycles of spalling tests at 1300°C, 5.253KN/m² of cold strength has appropriate properties for producing grooved bricks for lining of laboratory electric resistance Furnace.

  13. Korean guidelines for the appropriate use of cardiac CT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Young Jin [Dept. of Radiology, Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul(Korea, Republic of); Yong, Hwan Seok [Dept. of Radiology, Korea University Guro Hospital, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul(Korea, Republic of); Kim, Sung Mok [Dept. of Radiology, amsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Jung A [Dept. of Radiology, Ilsan Paik Hospital, Inje University College of Medicine, Goyang (Korea, Republic of); Hong, Yoo Jin [Dept. of Radiology, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2015-04-15

    The development of cardiac CT has provided a non-invasive alternative to echocardiography, exercise electrocardiogram, and invasive angiography and cardiac CT continues to develop at an exponential speed even now. The appropriate use of cardiac CT may lead to improvements in the medical performances of physicians and can reduce medical costs which eventually contribute to better public health. However, until now, there has been no guideline regarding the appropriate use of cardiac CT in Korea. We intend to provide guidelines for the appropriate use of cardiac CT in heart diseases based on scientific data. The purpose of this guideline is to assist clinicians and other health professionals in the use of cardiac CT for diagnosis and treatment of heart diseases, especially in patients at high risk or suspected of heart disease.

  14. [The appropriateness of hospital admissions: reflections for a global approach].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pasini, E; Scherillo, M; Ramponi, C

    2000-05-01

    In accordance with a recent definition, appropriateness of medical care is a diagnostic-therapeutic intervention with a correct use of resources and competency, and a procedure that satisfies the request of patients. This definition considers not only the risk/benefit relationship but also the interaction between costs and benefits. In this light, the concept of appropriateness needs a global approach. The identification of the Mission and Vision of the structure, the use of medical guidelines, the distribution of documents which inform patients on the procedures carried out in the hospital and the modalities of access to the structure, the implementation of procedures which define hospital admission and finally the random check of medical records could represent important steps to implement a quality system aimed at guaranteeing the appropriateness of hospital admissions in accordance with the international standards for total quality management ISO 9000. PMID:10834130

  15. Korean guidelines for the appropriate use of cardiac CT

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The development of cardiac CT has provided a non-invasive alternative to echocardiography, exercise electrocardiogram, and invasive angiography and cardiac CT continues to develop at an exponential speed even now. The appropriate use of cardiac CT may lead to improvements in the medical performances of physicians and can reduce medical costs which eventually contribute to better public health. However, until now, there has been no guideline regarding the appropriate use of cardiac CT in Korea. We intend to provide guidelines for the appropriate use of cardiac CT in heart diseases based on scientific data. The purpose of this guideline is to assist clinicians and other health professionals in the use of cardiac CT for diagnosis and treatment of heart diseases, especially in patients at high risk or suspected of heart disease.

  16. R and D appropriability, opportunity, and market structure: new evidence on some Schumpeterian hypotheses

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Levin, R.C.; Cohen, W.M.; Mowery, D.C.

    1985-05-01

    One of the largest bodies of literature in the field of industrial organization is devoted to the interpretation and testing of several hypotheses advanced by Joseph Schumpeter (1950) concerning innovation and industrial market structure. One set of hypotheses focuses on the role of firm size as a determinant of R and D spending and the rate of technological advance. Another set focuses on the effect of market concentration on R and D and technological advance. In this paper, the latter set of hypotheses is reexamined at the industry level, using new data on R and D appropriability and technological opportunity collected by Leven et al. (1984) in a survey of R and D executives in 130 industries. 6 references.

  17. Social Appropriateness in EU Counter-Terrorism Law and Policy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Martins, Bruno Oliveira

    versus justice equation, on the issues of privacy and data protection, and on the broader respect for fundamental rights more generally. In this process, the legitimacy and the social appropriateness of some of these measures have been questioned, both at the societal level and before or by European...... institutionalist theory with insights from the New Haven school, namely its societal and process-oriented conceptions of law, it crosses legal and political science traditions to explore the ways in which EU counter-terrorism law and policy acquire and maintain social appropriateness....

  18. Construct validity of the Concern For Appropriateness scale.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cutler, B L; Wolfe, R N

    1985-06-01

    Construct validity of the Concern For Appropriateness scale (CFA; Lennox & Wolfe, 1984), a measure of the tendency to adopt protective self-presentation styles, is examined using a multitrait-multimethod approach. Self-ratings on the CFA and ratings by suitemates constitute the two methods, and concern for appropriateness, interpersonal trust, and boredom susceptibility are assessed with each. Multitrait-multimethod analysis shows that the CFA scale exhibits convergent validity against peer ratings and discriminant validity against boredom susceptibility, the only other variable demonstrating convergence. Results indicate that the CFA exhibits construct validity and might therefore prove useful as an operationalization for self-presentation tendencies. PMID:16367476

  19. 40 CFR 24.08 - Selection of appropriate hearing procedures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... undertake only a RCRA Facility Investigation and/or Corrective Measures Study, which may include monitoring... recommendations for appropriate corrective measures), or (2) To undertake such investigations and/or studies and... remedy, or (3) To undertake investigations/studies with respect to a release from an underground...

  20. Developing an Appropriate Goalball Unit for Secondary Physical Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laughlin, Michael K.; Happel, Kathleen

    2016-01-01

    Goalball, a sport designed for those with visual impairments, is a competitive and recreational sport enjoyed by athletes around the world. Students with and without visual impairments can experience positive outcomes when teachers appropriately include a goalball unit as part of their inclusive secondary physical education curriculum. This…

  1. 24 CFR 100.143 - Appropriate corrective action.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... the employees involved; (4) Developing outreach programs, marketing strategies, or loan products to... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Appropriate corrective action. 100.143 Section 100.143 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and...

  2. Mediating Third-Wave Feminism: Appropriation as Postmodern Media Practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shugart, Helene A.; Waggoner, Catherine Egley; Hallstein, D. Lynn O'Brien

    2001-01-01

    Analyzes gendered representations of Alanis Morissette, Kate Moss, and Ally McBeal. Argue that, in each case, the appropriation of third-wave feminist tenets is accomplished via a postmodern aesthetic code of juxtaposition that serves to recontextualize and reinscribe those sensibilities in a way that ultimately functions to reify dominant…

  3. Selecting appropriate methods of knowledge synthesis to inform biodiversity policy

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pullin, Andrew; Frampton, Geoff; Jongman, Rob; Kohl, Christian; Livoreil, Barbara; Lux, Alexandra; Pataki, György; Petrokofsky, Gillian; Podhora, Aranka; Saarikoski, Heli; Santamaria, Luis; Schindler, Stefan; Sousa-pinto, Isabel; Vandewalle, Marie; Wittmer, Heidi

    2016-01-01

    Responding to different questions generated by biodiversity and ecosystem services policy or management requires different forms of knowledge (e.g. scientific, experiential) and knowledge synthesis. Additionally, synthesis methods need to be appropriate to policy context (e.g. question types, budget

  4. Developmentally and Culturally Appropriate Practices. Burning Issues [Series].

    Science.gov (United States)

    San Diego County Office of Education, CA.

    This information packet contains five documents concerned with preschool education of migrant children. Three articles recommend that early childhood programs (1) have a developmentally appropriate curriculum that emphasizes life experiences, experiential learning, and large motor coordination; (2) reinforce natural learning that occurs in the…

  5. The Importance of Introductory Statistics Students Understanding Appropriate Sampling Techniques

    Science.gov (United States)

    Menil, Violeta C.

    2005-01-01

    In this paper the author discusses the meaning of sampling, the reasons for sampling, the Central Limit Theorem, and the different techniques of sampling. Practical and relevant examples are given to make the appropriate sampling techniques understandable to students of Introductory Statistics courses. With a thorough knowledge of sampling…

  6. APPROPRIATENESS OF GIFTED CHILDREN SOCIALIZATION IN CONTEMPORARY SOCIOCULTURAL CONDITIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rimma Litvak

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The article opens general appropriateness of one of the most important directions in working with gifted children that is socialization; it substantiatesappropriateness as an axiom scheme, providing successfulness of the examined process; authors deduce about general outlook of gifted children socialization.

  7. Appropriate Language Assessment in Content and Language Integrated Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morgan, Carol

    2006-01-01

    This article describes a small-scale research project in two schools using content and language integrated learning (CLIL), one English and one Austrian, where in both cases there had been considerable misgivings about appropriate forms of assessment to match the different kinds of language skill developed in the CLIL process. Teachers were…

  8. Resolution analyses for selecting an appropriate airborne electromagnetic (AEM) system

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, N.B.; Lawrie, Ken

    2012-01-01

    Abstract. The choice of an appropriate airborne electromagnetic system for a given task should be based on a comparative analysis of candidate systems, consisting of both theoretical considerations and field studies including test lines. It has become common practice to quantify the system...

  9. Turkish High School Students' Definitions for Parallelograms: Appropriate or Inappropriate?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cansiz Aktas, Meral

    2016-01-01

    The aim of this study was to investigate the appropriateness of high school students' definitions. The participants in this study were 269 high school students from a public school in Ordu city, which is on the Black Sea coast of Turkey. The participants were asked to write their definitions with no time constraints. In the analysis of the…

  10. Riscritture appropriate e approprianti. Traduzione e revisione del testo letterario

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Franca Cavagnoli

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Both the translation and the revised version of a literary text give rise to similar issues, for in both cases one can adopt a strategy of either appropriate rewriting or appropriating rewriting. In the former case, the tendency is to respect the properties and peculiar qualities of the Other; in the latter, the tendency is to manipulate and distort the text, to reduce the Other to the Self and not to contemplate the creative potentialities of contaminated language. Italian publishing houses seem to be afraid of hybridity: homologation, order, syntactical and lexical propriety appear more alluring. But it is the two elements of the foreign and the new enclosed in the concept of hybridity that allow the translator to challenge the cultural values of the publishing establishment. Even if liminal space is an unexplored area by the Italian publishing sector, the concept of in-betweeness is very useful for translation, in particular post-colonial translation. One of the fields in which the creative potential of liminal space can be fully explored by translators, revisers and publishers alike is the field of contact languages, for pidgins and creoles move freely in the interstitial zone. An example taken from Jean Rhys’ Wide Sargasso Sea (1966, and its comparison with Adriana Motti’s translation, published by Adelphi in 1971, allow us to show what is meant by appropriate and appropriating rewriting.

  11. Reliability and validity of the Chinese version Appropriateness Evaluation Protocol

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Liu, W. (Wenwei); Yuan, S. (Suwei); Wei, F. (Fengqing); Yang, J. (Jing); Zhang, Z. (Zhe); Zhu, C. (Changbin); Ma, J. (Jin)

    2015-01-01

    textabstractObjective: To adapt the Appropriateness Evaluation Protocol (AEP) to the specific settings of health care in China and to validate the Chinese version AEP (C-AEP). Methods: Forward and backward translations were carried out to the original criteria. Twenty experts participated in the con

  12. The Appropriation of Fine Art into Contemporary Narrative Picturebooks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Serafini, Frank

    2015-01-01

    Many picturebook artists have been formally trained in specific artistic styles, movements, and techniques. These artists appropriate and transform works of fine art to varying degrees to fit the themes and designs of the stories they illustrate and publish, and to increase the significance and impact of their illustrations. The…

  13. Development and Appropriation of an Integration Policy for Sport

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Agergaard, Sine

    2011-01-01

    To answer why sports clubs have been ascribed a central role in resolving integration issues in Denmark, this article refers to the anthropology of policy. First, policy is defined as what Mauss has called ‘a total social fact’. In other words, policy is a social phenomenon that reflects the hist......-Danish ethnic background) appropriate these political assumptions....

  14. The appropriation process of the belief in a just world.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barreiro, Alicia

    2013-12-01

    Research on the belief in a just world (BJW) has been developing since the mid 60s. However, studies have been mainly developed from an individual differences perspective. As a consequence there are no studies that analyze the cognitive processes implied in the appropriation of the BJW during the socialization processes that occur in infancy and onwards. The main purpose of this paper is therefore to analyze this psychological process from childhood to adolescence. The study was carried out with a convenience sample of children and adolescents (N = 216) from Buenos Aires, between 6 and 17 years old, who participated in an interview guided by the piagetian clinical method. Results indicate that during the appropriation process of the BJW participants reconstruct this belief to make it coherent with hypothetical deductive thinking. This is expressed in three different justifications that the individuals give to justify their BJW: immanent justice, social reciprocity and personal merit. Yet, the appropriation process is incomplete. In the majority of the adolescents a magical thinking remains, constituting a state of cognitive polyphasia expressed in oscillating answers. In conclusion, the BJW is not a previous social condition transmitted from one generation to another. Its appropriation goes beyond the mere reproduction of social beliefs and involves a conceptual reconstruction. PMID:24014228

  15. Understanding the Concept of Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Action

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sharma, Sudhir; Desgain, Denis DR

    This publication is intended to enable national policy makers and other stakeholders, such as the private sector and technical experts, to acquaint themselves with the concept of NAMA. It aims to provide a comprehensive overview of the Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Action (NAMA) concept and...

  16. The Appropriateness of the Concept Mastery Test for Graduate Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goolsby, Thomas M., Jr.

    A study was conducted to determine the appropriateness of the Concept Mastery Test for graduate students enrolled in an introductory research methodology course. Ss represented a cross-section of students entering a master's program at a large southeastern university. The Concept Mastery Test (CMT), the Nelson-Denny Reading Test (ND), and the…

  17. 34 CFR 300.17 - Free appropriate public education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Free appropriate public education. 300.17 Section 300.17 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education (Continued) OFFICE OF SPECIAL EDUCATION AND REHABILITATIVE SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION ASSISTANCE TO STATES FOR THE EDUCATION...

  18. The Archive Effect: Appropriation Films and the Experience of History

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baron, Jaimie Rachel

    2010-01-01

    Since the beginning of cinema, filmmakers have appropriated previously shot visual-- and later audiovisual--documents and recontextualized them in their own films for various ends. Because these documents have generally derived from official state or commercial film archives, they have come to be referred to as "archival documents." Endowed with…

  19. Cooperative Learning that Features a Culturally Appropriate Pedagogy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Phuong-Mai, Nguyen; Terlouw, Cees; Pilot, Albert; Elliott, Julian

    2009-01-01

    Many recent intercultural studies have shown that people cooperate with each other differently across cultures. We argue that cooperative learning (CL), an educational method originating in the USA and with fundamental psychological assumptions based on Western values, should be adjusted to be culturally appropriate for any non-Western cultures in…

  20. ACR Appropriateness Criteria Clinically Suspected Pulmonary Arteriovenous Malformation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hanley, Michael; Ahmed, Osmanuddin; Chandra, Ankur; Gage, Kenneth L; Gerhard-Herman, Marie D; Ginsburg, Michael; Gornik, Heather L; Johnson, Pamela T; Oliva, Isabel B; Ptak, Thomas; Steigner, Michael L; Strax, Richard; Rybicki, Frank J; Dill, Karin E

    2016-07-01

    Pulmonary arteriovenous malformations are often included in the differential diagnosis of common clinical presentations, including hypoxemia, hemoptysis, brain abscesses, and paradoxical stroke, as well as affecting 30% to 50% of patients with hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT). Various imaging studies are used in the diagnostic and screening settings, which have been reviewed by the ACR Appropriateness Criteria Vascular Imaging Panel. Pulmonary arteriovenous malformation screening in patients with HHT is commonly performed with transthoracic echocardiographic bubble study, followed by CT for positive cases. Although transthoracic echocardiographic bubble studies and radionuclide perfusion detect right-to-left shunts, they do not provide all of the information needed for treatment planning and may remain positive after embolization. Pulmonary angiography is appropriate for preintervention planning but not as an initial test. MR angiography has a potential role in younger patients with HHT who may require lifelong surveillance, despite lower spatial resolution compared with CT. The ACR Appropriateness Criteria are evidence-based guidelines for specific clinical conditions that are reviewed every three years by a multidisciplinary expert panel. The guideline development and review include an extensive analysis of current medical literature from peer-reviewed journals and the application of a well-established consensus methodology (modified Delphi) to rate the appropriateness of imaging and treatment procedures by the panel. In those instances in which evidence is lacking or not definitive, expert opinion may be used to recommend imaging or treatment. PMID:27209598

  1. Applicability of the Appropriate use Criteria for Myocardial Perfusion Scintigraphy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Oliveira, Anderson de [Universidade Federal Fluminense - UFF, Niterói, RJ (Brazil); Comissão Nacional de Energia Nuclear - CNEN (Brazil); Rezende, Maria Fernanda [Universidade Federal Fluminense - UFF, Niterói, RJ (Brazil); Hospital Pró-Cardíaco, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Corrêa, Renato; Mousinho, Rodrigo [Hospital Pró-Cardíaco, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Azevedo, Jader Cunha [Universidade Federal Fluminense - UFF, Niterói, RJ (Brazil); Hospital Pró-Cardíaco, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Miranda, Sandra Marina; Oliveira, Aline Ribeiro [Universidade Federal Fluminense - UFF, Niterói, RJ (Brazil); Gutterres, Ricardo Fraga [Comissão Nacional de Energia Nuclear - CNEN (Brazil); Mesquita, Evandro Tinoco; Mesquita, Cláudio Tinoco [Universidade Federal Fluminense - UFF, Niterói, RJ (Brazil); Hospital Pró-Cardíaco, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)

    2014-11-15

    Appropriateness Criteria for nuclear imaging exams were created by American College of Cardiology (ACC) e American Society of Nuclear Cardiology (ASNC) to allow the rational use of tests. Little is known whether these criteria have been followed in clinical practice. To evaluate whether the medical applications of myocardial perfusion scintigraphy (MPS) in a private nuclear medicine service of a tertiary cardiology hospital were suitable to the criteria of indications proposed by the American medical societies in 2005 and 2009 and compare the level of indication of both. We included records of 383 patients that underwent MPS, November 2008 up to February 2009. Demographic characteristics, patient's origin, coronary risk factors, time of medical graduation and appropriateness criteria of medical applications were studied. The criteria were evaluated by two independent physicians and, in doubtful cases, defined by a medical expert in MPS. Mean age was 65 ± 12 years. Of the 367 records reviewed, 236 (64.3%) studies were performed in men and 75 (20.4%) were internee. To ACC 2005, 255 (69.5%) were considered appropriate indication and 13 (3.5%) inappropriate. With ACC 2009, 249 (67.8%) were considered appropriate indications and 13 (5.2%) inappropriate. We observed a high rate of adequacy of medical indications for MPS. Compared to the 2005 version, 2009 did not change the results.

  2. 14 CFR 1261.403 - Consultation with appropriate officials; negotiation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ...; negotiation. 1261.403 Section 1261.403 Aeronautics and Space NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION... appropriate officials; negotiation. (a) The authority pursuant to § 1261.402 to determine to forego collection... respect to claims against commercial carriers for loss of or damage to NASA freight shipment—the...

  3. NAMAs and the carbon market. Nationally appropriate mitigation actions of developing countries

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Holm Olsen, K.; Fenhann, J.; Hinostroza, M.

    2009-07-01

    The role of carbon markets in scaling up mitigation actions in developing countries in the post-2012 climate regime is the topic of Perspectives 2009: NAMAs and the Carbon Market - Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions of Developing Countries. The eight papers presented explore how mitigation actions in developing countries, in the context of sustainable development, may be supported by technology, finance and capacity development in a measurable, reportable and verifiable manner. Key issues discussed are the pros and cons of market and non-market mechanisms in raising private and public finance, and the appropriate governance structures at the international and national levels. The aim of this publication is to present possible answers to these questions, with a specific focus on the role of existing and emerging carbon markets to finance NAMAs. (LN)

  4. Poverty reduction, climate change mitigation and adaptation : the need for intermediate public policies harnessing technology appropriation

    OpenAIRE

    Rynikiewicz, Christophe; Chetaille, Anne

    2006-01-01

    L'intérêt pour des approches réalistes qui combineraient adaptation, lutte contre les dérèglements climatiques et réduction des inégalités et de la pauvreté est grandissant. Toutefois, les défis sont nombreux. La vulnérabilité des pays des Sud est reconnue. Tandis que l'accès à l'énergie et la demande d'énergie et matériaux pour l'industrialisation est une priorité de nombreux gouvernements, la prise en compte de la contrainte climatique conduirait à des modes de développement moins intensifs...

  5. Application of a mixing cell model to describe contaminant transport - An example of appropriate technology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project is undertaking remedial actions at designated inactive uranium mill sites. The mill tailings lie within an alluvial floodplain adjacent to the Colorado River. Mancos Shale with hydraulic conductivity of 5x10/sup -4/ to 2x10/sup -7/ cm/sec lies below four to more than six meters (13.1 to 19.7 feet) of alluvium. The mill site is surrounded by industry and residences of the city of Grand Junction. Ground water in the alluvium flows generally parallel to the Colorado River with the Colorado River adjacent to the mill site being an effluent stream during the fall and winter and an influent stream during the spring snowmelt runoff. In the vicinity of the tailings, the saturated thickness of the alluvium ranges from less than 3.05, meters (10 feet) to more than 6.10 meters (20 feet). Portions of the tailings are below the water table

  6. Semiotics and semantic: tools for an effective appropriation of information, communication and health technologies

    OpenAIRE

    Duteil-Mougel, Carine; Geslin-Beyaert, Anne; Billonnet, Laurent; Pignier, Nicole; Tsala-Effa, Didier; Dumas, Jean-Michel

    2012-01-01

    International audience Abstract: As Cultural Objects, ICTs belong to the human sphere. This surround is driven by polysemiotics performances (involving many signs systems) which praxeological semantics permits to interpret. The term of Praxeology (or theory of human action) is used so far as it concerns to link principally technical objects to social practices in which they appears. The meaning of these objects is then studied in relation with the actions to which they are associated. In t...

  7. Appropriately Diverse? The Ontario Science and Technology Curriculum Tested against the Banks Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mujawamariya, Donatille; Hamdan, Amani

    2013-01-01

    The growing diversity of Ontario's population is increasing pressure on the education system to ensure that all students receive equal opportunities to excel academically and develop personally. Students are more likely to succeed if their own racial, ethnic, and cultural identity is reflected in the classroom. This observation applies no less to…

  8. Supplementing energy demand of rural households in Bangladesh through appropriate biogas technology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ashekuzzaman, S.M.; Badruzzaman, A.B.M.; Rafiqul Hoque, A.T.M.;

    2010-01-01

    This paper has sought to show the potential of energy recovery from rurally available agro and household organic wastes and thus, the possible impact on supplementing energy demand, reducing deforestation, and replacing fossil fuel as well as avoided greenhouse gases. Results show that co...... of sustainable waste management, reducing deforestation as well as replacing fossil fuels....

  9. Water Purification, Distribution and Sewage Disposal. Appropriate Technologies for Development. Reprint R-29.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1979

    This document, designed to serve as a training manual for technical instructors and as a field resource reference for Peace Corps volunteers, consists of nine units. Unit topics focus on: (1) water supply sources; (2) water treatment; (3) planning water distribution systems; (4) characteristics of an adequate system; (5) construction techniques;…

  10. Volunteer Notes on Reforestation. A Handbook for Volunteers. Appropriate Technologies for Development. Reprint R-45.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seefeldt, Steve, Comp.

    Provided in this document are descriptions of reforestation projects and techniques presented by Peace Corps volunteers from Chad, Ivory Coast, Upper Volta, and Niger. The purpose of the document is to aid individuals in trying to find solutions to the problems facing forestry in the Sahel. These projects include: (1) reforestation of Ronier palm…

  11. Reforestation in Arid Lands. Appropriate Technologies for Development. Manual M-5.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palmer, Virginia C., Ed.

    This manual presents some current, state-of-the-art examples of forestry programs in West Africa. It is based on the collective experiences of foresters and of local farmers and herders. Since many of the problems of reforestation of dry areas are the same worldwide, the text (which focuses on the broad subject of project implementation) includes…

  12. The Biogas/Biofertilizer Business Handbook. Third Edition. Appropriate Technologies for Development. Reprint R-48.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arnott, Michael

    This book describes one approach to building and operating biogas systems. The biogas systems include raw material preparation, digesters, separate gas storage tanks, use of the gas to run engines, and the use of the sludge as fertilizer. Chapters included are: (1) "Introduction"; (2) "Biogas Systems are Small Factories"; (3) "The Raw Materials of…

  13. Choice of Appropriate Multimedia Technology and Teaching Methods for Different Culture Groups

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taratoukhina, Julia

    2014-01-01

    This paper describes the prerequisites for development in the area of cross-cultural multimedia didactics. This approach is based on research studies of differences between mentalities, ways of working with educational information, culturally-specific teaching methods and teaching techniques that determine differentiated approaches to the choice…

  14. 40 CFR Table 10 to Part 455 - List of Appropriate Pollution Control Technologies

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ...-aminopropane* (Fatty acids of coconut oil) 67301 Iminamide Activated Carbon. Alkyl* amino)-3-aminopropane *(53...*(fatty acids of coconut 67307 Iminamide Activated Carbon. Alkyl* dipropoxyamine *(47% C12, 18% C14, 10... coconut 67309 Iminamide Activated Carbon. Alkyl* amino)-3-aminopropane *(42%C12, 26%C18, 15%C14,...

  15. Early Stimulation Manual for Parents of Deaf Infants: Appropriate Technologies for Development. Reprint Series R-58.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gill, Muriel, Ed.

    This sign language manual, intended to help St. Lucia parents teach language to and communicate with their deaf or hard-of-hearing children, is prefaced by a child's description of living with a deaf sibling. An introduction discusses symptoms of hearing loss, defines speech and language, traces general expectations at school, and touches briefly…

  16. Can electrocoagulation process be an appropriate technology for phosphorus removal from municipal wastewater?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nguyen, D Duc; Ngo, H Hao; Guo, W; Nguyen, T Thanh; Chang, Soon W; Jang, A; Yoon, Yong S

    2016-09-01

    This paper evaluated a novel pilot scale electrocoagulation (EC) system for improving total phosphorus (TP) removal from municipal wastewater. This EC system was operated in continuous and batch operating mode under differing conditions (e.g. flow rate, initial concentration, electrolysis time, conductivity, voltage) to evaluate correlative phosphorus and electrical energy consumption. The results demonstrated that the EC system could effectively remove phosphorus to meet current stringent discharge standards of less than 0.2mg/L within 2 to 5min. This target was achieved in all ranges of initial TP concentrations studied. It was also found that an increase in conductivity of solution, voltages, or electrolysis time, correlated with improved TP removal efficiency and reduced specific energy consumption. Based on these results, some key economic considerations, such as operating costs, cost-effectiveness, product manufacturing feasibility, facility design and retrofitting, and program implementation are also discussed. This EC process can conclusively be highly efficient in a relatively simple, easily managed, and cost-effective for wastewater treatment system. PMID:27155077

  17. E-consultation: evaluating appropriate technologies and processes for citizens' participation in public policy

    OpenAIRE

    Fagan, G. Honor; Newman, D R; McCusker, Paul; Murray, Michael

    2006-01-01

    This report sets out to explore the reality of consultation as a form of citizen participation in policy development in Ireland, North and South. It investigates processes of consultation, the only form of participation that is a legal requirement of policy making, with a view to assessing their value as supporting tools of citizen centric governance. In addition a key objective of the research was to support the development of citizen driven government by identifying how Information Commu...

  18. How Much Should Society Fuel the Greed of Innovators? On the Relations between Appropriability, Opportunities and Rates of Innovation

    OpenAIRE

    Dosi, Giovanni; Marengo, Luigi; Pasquali, Corrado

    2006-01-01

    The paper attempts a critical assessment of both the theory and the empirical evidence on the role of appropriability and in particular of Intellectual Property Right (IPR) as incentives for technological innovation. We start with a critical discussion of the standard justification of the attribution of IPR in terms of "market failures" in knowledge generation. Such an approach we argue misses important features of technological knowledge and also neglects the importance of non-market institu...

  19. The taxation of the petroleum products in the appropriation bill for 2001 and the correcting appropriation bill for 2000

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This document provides information on the petroleum products taxation in the framework of the appropriation bills. The following aspects are presented : the utilization of fuels more respectful of the environment, the taxation lightening measures, measures in favor of the transportation sector, the juridical references and elements for the economic situation. (A.L.B.)

  20. Towards Appropriate Methodologies to Research Interactive Learning: Using a Design Experiment to Assess a Learning Programme for Complex Thinking

    Science.gov (United States)

    Botha, Jean; van der Westhuizen, Duan; De Swardt, Estelle

    2005-01-01

    In this paper, we advance that there are several issues pertaining to the design of research in instructional technology. It is our view that much of the current research taking place may suffer from poor quality, inappropriate design, and lack of social responsibility. We contend that the most appropriate way to research the effectiveness of…

  1. Logiciel libre en documentation : quelles compétences pour quelle appropriation ?

    OpenAIRE

    Van Den Abeele, Catherine

    2009-01-01

    Les logiciels libres sont devenus une alternative crédible aux logiciels propriétaires. Tout en exigeant rigueur et compétences dans la gestion de projet, ils permettent aux documentalistes de se réapproprier leur système d'information et de mieux répondre aux besoins des usagers et à l'évolution rapide des technologies. Ils ouvrent d'intéressantes perspectives de changement des pratiques professionnelles en permettant mutualisation, travail collaboratif et formation continue.

  2. Disney animation: Global diffusion and local appropriation of culture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Souad Belkhyr

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Children’s media products reflect the cultural values of their producers as well as the social, political and economic conditions under which they were produced. Watching an animated feature, therefore, cannot be regarded as an innocent and simple act of consumption. It rather involves a complex process of coding/decoding and appropriating cultural meanings. The relation between structured patterns of global communication on the one hand, and the local conditions under which Disney cartoon products are marketed and consumed in the Arab world, on the other, can be perceived as the main axis of globalized diffusion and local appropriation of American cultural values and lifestyle. The consequences of which are difficult to foretell.

  3. Methods of achieving and maintaining an appropriate caesarean section rate.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Robson, Michael

    2013-04-01

    Caesarean section rates continue to increase worldwide. The appropriate caesarean section rate remains a topic of debate among women and professionals. Evidence-based medicine has not provided an answer and depends on interpretation of the literature. Overall caesarean section rates are unhelpful, and caesarean section rates should not be judged in isolation from other outcomes and epidemiological characteristics. Better understanding of caesarean section rates, their consequences and their benefits will improve care, and enable learning between delivery units nationally and internationally. To achieve and maintain an appropriate caesarean section rate requires a Multidisciplinary Quality Assurance Programme in each delivery unit, recognising caesarean section rates as one of many factors that determine quality. Women will always choose the type of delivery that seems safest to them and their babies. Professionals need to monitor the quality of their practice continuously in a standardised way to ensure that women can make the right choice.

  4. When mathematics students fail to use appropriate learning strategies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anthony, Glenda

    1996-04-01

    Both research findings and curriculum documents support and promote the use of learning strategies as a significant factor in successful mathematics learning. However, despite such promotion, it appears that presently many senior students' learning behaviours are of a passive, dependent nature rather than an active, self-regulated nature. Without appropriate strategic learning behaviours students will be ill-equipped to cope with the high cognitive demands of a constructivist learning environment. Based on an examination of students' awareness and applications of learning strategies this paper identifies five possible reasons for students' failure to use appropriate learning strategies. Findings highlight the need for the learning environment to support, in active ways, the development and use of strategic learning behaviours.

  5. Appropriation and the uses of comics in information science literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valdir José Morigi

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: This article realizes the bibliographic mapping in the studies of Information Science, to demonstrate the development of comics in this area. Objective: Mapping studies about comics made in Information Science, showing their uses and appropriations in the dissemination's process of the collected results in this research. Methodology: Bibliographical research with qualitative-quantitative approach. Results: The comics are subject of research in Information Science from the perspective of the dissemination and interpretation of informatiom. Its use helps in the learning of the users and scholars shows its benefits. The studies demonstrate that the comics provide a mental effort because the visuals also allow learning. Studies also show that they can be used for research, where are showed the knowledge acquired in reading of comics, in other words, the knowledge without scientific basis. Conclusions: Concludes that some studies of Information Science determine which purposes the comics are appropriated by users.

  6. Diligence in determining the appropriate form of stationarity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    André Heymans

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Orientation: One of the most vexing problems of modelling time series data is determining the appropriate form of stationarity, as it can have a significant influence on the model’s explanatory properties, which makes interpreting the results problematic.Research purpose: This article challenged the assumption that most financial time series are first differenced stationary. The common difference first, ask questions later approach was revisited by taking a more systematic approach when analysing the statistical properties of financial time series data.Motivation for the study: Since Nelson and Plosser’s (1982 argued that many macroeconomic time series are difference stationary, many econometricians simply differenced data in order to achieve stationarity. However, the inherent properties of time series data have changed over the past 30 years. This necessitates a proper evaluation of the properties of data before deciding on the appropriate course of action, in order to avoid over-differencing which causes variables to lose their explanatory ability that leads to spurious results.Research approach, design and method: This article introduced a rigorous process that enables econometricians to determine the most appropriate form of stationarity, which is led by the underlying statistical properties of several financial and economic variables.Main findings: The results highlighted the importance of consulting the d parameter to makea more informed decision, rather than only assuming that the data are I(1. Evidence also suggested that the appropriate form of stationarity can vary, but emphasises the importance to consider a series to be fractionally differenced.Practical/managerial implications: Only when data are correctly classified and transformed accordingly will the data be neither under- nor over-differenced, thus enhancing the validity of the results generated by statistical models.Contribution/value-add: By utilising this rigorous

  7. Disney animation: Global diffusion and local appropriation of culture

    OpenAIRE

    Souad Belkhyr

    2012-01-01

    Children’s media products reflect the cultural values of their producers and the social, political and economic conditions under which they were produced. Watching an animated cartoon, therefore, cannot be regarded as an innocent and simple act of consumption. It rather involves a complex process of coding/decoding and appropriating cultural meanings. Disney films are not only global means of entertainment but they can also function as an ideological apparatus. In an era of globalisation wher...

  8. Selecting appropriate methods of knowledge synthesis to inform biodiversity policy

    OpenAIRE

    Pullin, Andrew; Frampton, Geoff; Jongman, Rob; Kohl, Christian; Livoreil, Barbara; Lux, Alexandra; Pataki, György; Petrokofsky, Gillian; Podhora, Aranka; Saarikoski, Heli; Santamaria, Luis; Schindler, Stefan; Sousa-pinto, Isabel; VANDEWALLE Marie; Wittmer, Heidi

    2016-01-01

    Responding to different questions generated by biodiversity and ecosystem services policy or management requires different forms of knowledge (e.g. scientific, experiential) and knowledge synthesis. Additionally, synthesis methods need to be appropriate to policy context (e.g. question types, budget, timeframe, output type, required scientific rigour). In this paper we present a range of different methods that could potentially be used to conduct a knowledge synthesis in response to questions...

  9. Romanian special forces identifying appropriate missions and organizational structure

    OpenAIRE

    Cucu, Dan

    2004-01-01

    Trying to adapt to the post-9/11 challenges to Euro-Atlantic security, the Romanian Ministry of National Defense continues its efforts to modernize and professionalize the country's armed forces in accordance with NATO standards. Part of this process is the development of a Special Forces (SF) capability that is to accomplish initial operational readiness by FY 2005. With appropriate organizational arrangements and focused combat training, the Romanian SF will increase their performance durin...

  10. False reports of childhood events in appropriate interviews

    OpenAIRE

    Ost, James; Foster, S.; Costall, Alan; Bull, Ray

    2005-01-01

    The present study employed the “parental misinformation & CloseCurly ” paradigm to examine whether individuals report false events from their childhood even when they are interviewed in an appropriate manner by a trained interviewer. Each participant was interviewed on three occasions. By the final interview, one participant produced a “full & Close Curly ” report, and six participants produced “partial & Close Curly ” reports, of childhood events that did not occur. Although participants rep...

  11. Diffusion and appropriation of knowledge in different organizational structures

    OpenAIRE

    Gabriel Yoguel; Analia Erbes; Veronica Robert; Jose Borello

    2007-01-01

    The central question of this paper is: what are the forces that determine the continuum negative relationship between knowledge diffusion and appropriation in the context of the new techno-productive paradigm? In connection to this question we will make reference to the following issues: [i] How does new knowledge spread in a capitalist economy and how is this issue related to a collusive or classical spread of the benefits of technical progress?; [ii] Does the underlying logic specific to ta...

  12. Pharmacist-led feedback workshops increase appropriate prescribing of antimicrobials.

    OpenAIRE

    McLellan, Lucy; Dornan, Tim; Newton, Pippa; Williams, Steven D; Lewis, Penny; Steinke, Douglas; Tully, Mary P

    2016-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether and how structured feedback sessions can increase rates of appropriate antimicrobial prescribing by junior doctors. METHODS: This was a mixed-methods study, with a conceptual orientation towards complexity and systems thinking. Fourteen junior doctors, in their first year of training, were randomized to intervention (feedback) and 21 to control (routine practice) groups in a single UK teaching hospital. Feedback on their antimicrobial prescribing was given, ...

  13. FROM TALK TO ACTION: POLICY STAKEHOLDERS, APPROPRIATENESS, AND SELECTIVE DISINVESTMENT

    OpenAIRE

    Paprica, P. Alison; Anthony J. Culyer; Elshaug, Adam G; Peffer, Justin; Sandoval, Guillermo A.

    2015-01-01

    Objectives: There is widespread commitment—at least in principle—to “evidence-informed” clinical practice and policy development in health care. The intention is that only “appropriate” care ought to be delivered at public expense. Although the rationale for an appropriateness agenda is widely endorsed, and methods have been proposed for addressing it, few published studies exist of contemporary policy initiatives which have actually led to successful disinvestment. Our objective was to explo...

  14. Do executives get appropriate compensation? : Evidence from intellectual capital perspective

    OpenAIRE

    Xie, Yamin

    2013-01-01

    This paper presents an empirical analysis of top executive compensation from intellectual capital perspective using data from US listed companies and aims to examine whether executives get appropriate compensation. I propose a pay-contribution compensation scheme and extend previous research on agency theory, by exploring how executive compensation contract design may be based on the firm’s intellectual capital (IC). Such features would serve the core purpose of compensation design, which is ...

  15. Appropriate Design Guided by Simulation: An Hovercraft Application

    OpenAIRE

    Alexandre dit Sandretto, Julien; Piccani de Souza, Douglas; Chapoutot, Alexandre

    2016-01-01

    A design methodology based on simulation of dynamical be- havior is presented in this paper. The particularity of our method is that it exploits the set-membership simulation. Indeed, this method allows one to consider an interval of values for each parameter of the dynamical model. Find- ing the parameters validating the requirements is then a fil- ter, based on a Branch and Prune algorithm. We prefer an approach of appropriate design that is a design which vali- dates the physical constrain...

  16. Appropriateness of colonoscopy: Diagnostic yield and safety in guidelines

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Mario Grassini; Carlo Verna; Paolo Niola; Monica Navino; Edda Battaglia; Gabrio Bassotti

    2007-01-01

    AIM:To evaluate if the guidelines for the appropriateness of performing colonoscopy by American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (AGSE) and Italian Society of Digestive Endoscopy (SIED) yield a good diagnostic efficacy and do not present risks of missing important colonic pathologies in an Italian population sample.METHODS:A total of 1017 consecutive patients (560 men and 457 women; mean age 64.4 ± 16 years)referred to an open-access endoscopy unit for colonoscopy from July 2004 to May 2006 were evaluated according to ASGE and SIED guidelines for appropriateness of performing the procedure. Diagnostic yield was defined as the percentage of relevant colonic pathologies of the total number of colonoscopies performed.RESULTS:About 85.2% patients underwent colonoscopy that was considered appropriate based on at least one ASGE or SIED criterion,while it was considered inappropriate for 14.8% of patients. The diagnostic yield of colonoscopy was significantly higher for appropriate colonoscopies (26.94% vs 10.6%,P<0.001) than for inappropriate colonoscopies (5.3%). There was no missed colorectal cancer following the ASGE/SIED criteria.CONCLUSION:ASGE/SIED guidelines have shown a good diagnostic yield and the rate of missing relevant colonic pathologies seems very low. Unfortunately,the percentage of inappropriate referrals for colonoscopy in an open-access endoscopy system is still high,despite the number of papers published on the issue and the definition of international guidelines. Further steps are required to update and standardize the guidelines toincrease their diffusion and to promote educational programs for general practitioners.

  17. Percutaneous Coronary Intervention Utilization and Appropriateness across the United States

    OpenAIRE

    Michael P Thomas; Parzynski, Craig S.; Curtis, Jeptha P.; Milan Seth; Nallamothu, Brahmajee K.; Chan, Paul S.; Spertus, John A.; Patel, Manesh R.; Bradley, Steven M.; Gurm, Hitinder S.

    2015-01-01

    Background Substantial geographic variation exists in percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) use across the United States. It is unclear the extent to which high PCI utilization can be explained by PCI for inappropriate indications. The objective of this study was to examine the relationship between PCI rates across regional healthcare markets utilizing hospital referral regions (HRRs) and PCI appropriateness. Methods The number of PCI procedures in each HRR was obtained from the 2010 100% ...

  18. Selection an Appropriate Leadership Style to Direct Hospital Manpower

    OpenAIRE

    Arab, M.; Tajvar, M; F Akbari

    2006-01-01

    This research has tried to find most proper leadership styles based on a approved model to direct hospital manpower appropriately. The main objective of this research was the comparison between manager’s existing leadership styles and suggested styles to them in order to direct existing styles toward suggested ones. In this cross- sectional study all Qom province hospital managers participated. From the hospital the staff, 385 persons were selected by randomized stratifying sampling. Data wer...

  19. Irrigation infrastructure and water appropriation rules for food security

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gohar, Abdelaziz A.; Amer, Saud A.; Ward, Frank A.

    2015-01-01

    In the developing world's irrigated areas, water management and planning is often motivated by the need for lasting food security. Two important policy measures to address this need are improving the flexibility of water appropriation rules and developing irrigation storage infrastructure. Little research to date has investigated the performance of these two policy measures in a single analysis while maintaining a basin wide water balance. This paper examines impacts of storage capacity and water appropriation rules on total economic welfare in irrigated agriculture, while maintaining a water balance. The application is to a river basin in northern Afghanistan. A constrained optimization framework is developed to examine economic consequences on food security and farm income resulting from each policy measure. Results show that significant improvements in both policy aims can be achieved through expanding existing storage capacity to capture up to 150 percent of long-term average annual water supplies when added capacity is combined with either a proportional sharing of water shortages or unrestricted water trading. An important contribution of the paper is to show how the benefits of storage and a changed water appropriation system operate under a variable climate. Results show that the hardship of droughts can be substantially lessened, with the largest rewards taking place in the most difficult periods. Findings provide a comprehensive framework for addressing future water scarcity, rural livelihoods, and food security in the developing world's irrigated regions.

  20. ACR appropriateness Criteria® second and third trimester bleeding.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Podrasky, Ann E; Javitt, Marcia C; Glanc, Phyllis; Dubinsky, Theodore; Harisinghani, Mukesh G; Harris, Robert D; Khati, Nadia J; Mitchell, Donald G; Pandharipande, Pari V; Pannu, Harpreet K; Shipp, Thomas D; Siegel, Cary Lynn; Simpson, Lynn; Wall, Darci J; Wong-You-Cheong, Jade J; Zelop, Carolyn M

    2013-12-01

    Vaginal bleeding occurring in the second or third trimesters of pregnancy can variably affect perinatal outcome, depending on whether it is minor (i.e. a single, mild episode) or major (heavy bleeding or multiple episodes.) Ultrasound is used to evaluate these patients. Sonographic findings may range from marginal subchorionic hematoma to placental abruption. Abnormal placentations such as placenta previa, placenta accreta and vasa previa require accurate diagnosis for clinical management. In cases of placenta accreta, magnetic resonance imaging is useful as an adjunct to ultrasound and is often appropriate for evaluation of the extent of placental invasiveness and potential involvement of adjacent structures. MRI is useful for preplanning for cases of complex delivery, which may necessitate a multi-disciplinary approach for optimal care.The American College of Radiology Appropriateness Criteria are evidence-based guidelines for specific clinical conditions that are reviewed every two years by a multidisciplinary expert panel. The guideline development and review include an extensive analysis of current medical literature from peer reviewed journals and the application of a well-established consensus methodology (modified Delphi) to rate the appropriateness of imaging and treatment procedures by the panel. In those instances where evidence is lacking or not definitive, expert opinion may be used to recommend imaging or treatment. PMID:24263752

  1. Textual appropriation in engineering master's theses: a preliminary study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eckel, Edward J

    2011-09-01

    In the thesis literature review, an engineering graduate student is expected to place original research in the context of previous work by other researchers. However, for some students, particularly those for whom English is a second language, the literature review may be a mixture of original writing and verbatim source text appropriated without quotations. Such problematic use of source material leaves students vulnerable to an accusation of plagiarism, which carries severe consequences. Is such textual appropriation common in engineering master's writing? Furthermore, what, if anything, can be concluded when two texts have been found to have textual material in common? Do existing definitions of plagiarism provide a sufficient framework for determining if an instance of copying is transgressive or not? In a preliminary attempt to answer these questions, text strings from a random sample of 100 engineering master's theses from the ProQuest Dissertations and Theses database were searched for appropriated verbatim source text using the Google search engine. The results suggest that textual borrowing may indeed be a common feature of the master's engineering literature review, raising questions about the ability of graduate students to synthesize the literature. The study also illustrates the difficulties of making a determination of plagiarism based on simple textual similarity. A context-specific approach is recommended when dealing with any instance of apparent copying. PMID:20521174

  2. APPROPRIATE ALLOCATION OF CONTINGENCY USING RISK ANALYSIS METHODOLOGY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andi Andi

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Many cost overruns in the world of construction are attributable to either unforeseen events or foreseen events for which uncertainty was not appropriately accommodated. It is argued that a significant improvement to project management performance may result from greater attention to the process of analyzing project risks. The objective of this paper is to propose a risk analysis methodology for appropriate allocation of contingency in project cost estimation. In the first step, project risks will be identified. Influence diagramming technique is employed to identify and to show how the risks affect the project cost elements and also the relationships among the risks themselves. The second step is to assess the project costs with regards to the risks under consideration. Using a linguistic approach, the degree of uncertainty of identified project risks is assessed and quantified. The problem of dependency between risks is taken into consideration during this analysis. For the final step, as the main purpose of this paper, a method for allocating appropriate contingency is presented. Two types of contingencies, i.e. project contingency and management reserve are proposed to accommodate the risks. An illustrative example is presented at the end to show the application of the methodology.

  3. The Concept of Appropriateness in Issuing Administrative Acts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iulian Nedelcu

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Administrative acts are a legal way of organizing the execution and enforcement of the law. Law can not and should not establish all cases and all the ways, by means of which public administration bodies interfere with administrative actions, therefore administrative public bodies must have some initiative and ought to be able to assess the situations in which they will issue these acts and to appreciate their appropriateness. The appropriateness principle of administrative acts must be correlated with the legality principle. It can be concluded that the appropriateness principle underscores the power conferred by public administration, permitted in accordance with which it has the right and duty to judge when issuing an administrative compliance of the state of lawand facts, an appreciation that public administration is based on a single criterion: the interests of the community that they represent. Also, the very organization of the state as a state of law leads to the conclusion that the law – which is the materialization of the idea of justice – should be the standard on which the activity of human individuals report both to the quality of beneficiaries of the provisions and benefits of public administration and on the other hand as officials, public servants or ordinary employees in public administration system.

  4. Whole blood viscosity extrapolation formula: Note on appropriateness of units

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ezekiel Uba Nwose

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Background : A series has recently been done on whole blood viscosity. The first on the series proposed extrapolation chart with conventional reference range. Since the publication, two concerns have been received in personal communications. The first expressed concern over the use of serum proteins values in ′g/L′ instead of ′g/dL′ that was contained in the referenced material. The second enquired on suitability of the formula for determination of blood viscosity at low shear rate. Aim : This work sets out to compare different units-converted-modifications of the extrapolation with a view to develop a statement of comparison and suitability of units. Materials and Methods : The values of haematocrit and serum proteins were used in different unit-conversions on the mathematical formula to derive four modifications, which were compared. Five clinical cases that were specifically tested for whole blood viscosity, and had results for haematocrit and serum proteins were evaluated. The appropriateness of modifications for determination of viscosity at low shear rate was reviewed. Results : Except as modified and used in the series, determination of whole blood viscosity at low shear rate using other unit conversions on the formula yields negative values for all five cases. Conclusion : Given that it is unexpected for blood viscosity level to be zero let alone less, it is logical that negative values are invalid. A formula that gives the least invalid results may be most appropriate. Therefore, extrapolation modification used in the series is most appropriate.

  5. Appropriate antibiotic administration in critically ill patients with pneumonia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R A Khan

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Inappropriate initial antibiotics for pneumonia infection are usually linked to extended intensive care unit stay and are associated with an increased risk of mortality. This study evaluates the impact of inappropriate initial antibiotics on the length of intensive care unit stay, risk of mortality and the co-predictors that influences these outcomes. This retrospective study was conducted in an intensive care unit of a teaching hospital. The types of pneumonia investigated were hospital-acquired pneumonia and ventilator-associated pneumonia. Three different time points were defined as the initiation of appropriate antibiotics at 24 h, between 24 to 48 h and at more than 48 h after obtaining a culture. Patients had either hospital-acquired pneumonia (59.1% or ventilator-associated pneumonia (40.9%. The length of intensive care unit stay ranged from 1 to 52 days (mean; 9.78±10.02 days. Patients who received appropriate antibiotic agent at 24 h had a significantly shorter length of intensive care unit stay (5.62 d, P<0.001. The co-predictors that contributed to an extended intensive care unit stay were the time of availability of susceptibility results and concomitant diseases, namely cancer and sepsis. The only predictor of intensive care unit death was cancer. The results support the need for early appropriate initial antibiotic therapy in hospital-acquired pneumonia and ventilator-associated pneumonia infections.

  6. Pre-service Teachers’ Appropriation of Conceptual Tools

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Honorine Nocon

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Teachers and teacher educators in the US struggle with conflicting needs. They must thinkcritically and adaptively in response to the rapidly changing demographics of their students andadjust to a policy climate that emphasizes standardization, measurement, and disregard forteachers as professionals. Embattled pre-service teacher education programs in institutions ofhigher education have traditionally sought to develop teacher candidates’ knowledge, skills, anddispositions. The authors argue that in the current climate pre-service teachers also mustappropriate conceptual frameworks to support their development as responsive professionals.While dispositions are beliefs and attitudes the origin and teaching of which remain in dispute,concepts like social justice, political-economic equity, and formative assessment are abstract ideasor concepts that inform practice. Conceptual tools, i.e., concepts, theories, and frameworks, guidenovice teachers in making decisions in response to the growing and rapidly changing studentpopulations they will teach as well as the policy contexts that constrain their teaching practice.The appropriation of conceptual tools contributes to development of vision and adaptive expertiserequired by responsive teacher professionals.Using an activity theory framework developed by Wartofsky (1973/1979 that draws in particularon the classification of artifacts, or tools, this article frames and critically examines teachers’need for conceptual tools, the appropriation of those tools, and a mixed methods study of thatappropriation. The study demonstrates that teacher candidates do appropriate conceptual tools,but that measurement of that process, though desirable in the current policy context, requires thedevelopment of a systematic and replicable methodology.

  7. Appropriate information systems in underdeveloped countries: The case of the Sudan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Considers the application of new technology to information systems in underdeveloped countries taking the case of the National Documentation Centre (NDC) in Khartoum, Sudan as an example. Describes the implementation of a project there to improve information collection and dissemination using microcomputers and micrographics. The scope of the project is to collect conventional and non-conventional documents produced in and about Sudan in the areas of science, technology and the social sciences, and to maintain databases containing bibliographic, research project, institutional and personnel data. Examines the advantages of microcomputers for underdeveloped countries and other technological developments such as CD-ROM, desktop publishing, expert systems and factors such as exchange of data, repackaging of information, and cooperation, all of which are likely to have an impact on scientific and technological information provision in the 1990s. Considers constraints to introducing new technology (hardware/software procurement and maintenance, operating conditions, existing document delivery systems, absence of information sharing culture) but argues that a longer term development strategy which allows for training, long term funding, cooperation and appropriate computer applications will result in sustainable information systems development in underdeveloped countries. (author). 11 refs

  8. Creating a Smart Grid Appropriate for China's National Conditions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    @@ In 2009, US President Barack Obama made smart grid investment a national policy in his "New Energy for America" report and the US Department of Energy announced a $3.4-billion grant for its technology development.

  9. Design Science: Choosing an Appropriate Methodology for Research in BIM

    OpenAIRE

    Kehily, Dermot; Underwood, Jason

    2015-01-01

    This paper discusses Building Information Modelling (BIM) in relation to proposing design science as a methodology for BIM research. The paper firstly outlines how BIM is changing construction work practices to a more collaborative and integrated set of procedures, facilitated through the application of modelling technologies. The use of traditional research methods for BIM research in the context of developing and subsequently evaluating a BIM process or technology is then questioned. The pr...

  10. How Important is the Use of Authentic Materials in Developing Appropri-ate and Effective Listening Skills

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HAN Fei

    2013-01-01

    Listening plays a significant role in both the absorbing of knowledge and social communication, however, it has not re-ceived enough attention over the past few decades. In recent years, it has been debated whether there are any strategies in devel-oping appropriate and effective listening skills and whether to adopt the authentic materials in listening teaching. In this disserta-tion, the importance of authentic materials, adopting authentic materials in the listening instruction will be presented.

  11. ACR Appropriateness Criteria Low Back Pain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patel, Nandini D; Broderick, Daniel F; Burns, Judah; Deshmukh, Tejaswini K; Fries, Ian Blair; Harvey, H Benjamin; Holly, Langston; Hunt, Christopher H; Jagadeesan, Bharathi D; Kennedy, Tabassum A; O'Toole, John E; Perlmutter, Joel S; Policeni, Bruno; Rosenow, Joshua M; Schroeder, Jason W; Whitehead, Matthew T; Cornelius, Rebecca S; Corey, Amanda S

    2016-09-01

    Most patients presenting with uncomplicated acute low back pain (LBP) and/or radiculopathy do not require imaging. Imaging is considered in those patients who have had up to 6 weeks of medical management and physical therapy that resulted in little or no improvement in their back pain. It is also considered for those patients presenting with red flags raising suspicion for serious underlying conditions, such as cauda equina syndrome, malignancy, fracture, and infection. Many imaging modalities are available to clinicians and radiologists for evaluating LBP. Application of these modalities depends largely on the working diagnosis, the urgency of the clinical problem, and comorbidities of the patient. When there is concern for fracture of the lumbar spine, multidetector CT is recommended. Those deemed to be interventional candidates, with LBP lasting for > 6 weeks having completed conservative management with persistent radiculopathic symptoms, may seek MRI. Patients with severe or progressive neurologic deficit on presentation and red flags should be evaluated with MRI. The ACR Appropriateness Criteria are evidence-based guidelines for specific clinical conditions that are reviewed annually by a multidisciplinary expert panel. The guideline development and revision include an extensive analysis of current medical literature from peer-reviewed journals and the application of well-established methodologies (the RAND/UCLA Appropriateness Method and the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation) to rate the appropriateness of imaging and treatment procedures for specific clinical scenarios. In those instances in which evidence is lacking or equivocal, expert opinion may supplement the available evidence to recommend imaging or treatment. PMID:27496288

  12. Appropriate Contrast Enhancement Measures for Brain and Breast Cancer Images

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suneet Gupta

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Medical imaging systems often produce images that require enhancement, such as improving the image contrast as they are poor in contrast. Therefore, they must be enhanced before they are examined by medical professionals. This is necessary for proper diagnosis and subsequent treatment. We do have various enhancement algorithms which enhance the medical images to different extents. We also have various quantitative metrics or measures which evaluate the quality of an image. This paper suggests the most appropriate measures for two of the medical images, namely, brain cancer images and breast cancer images.

  13. Simple and Appropriate Methods for Household Water Treatment

    OpenAIRE

    Demitry, Morris Elya

    2011-01-01

    Shortage of drinking water is the big challenge for Sudan. The cost of water treatment is the main reason for using untreated water for drinking purposes in many urban areas in Sudan. Water born‐diseases (diarrhea, typhoid, etc) are common and there are many victims in unimproved urban areas in Khartoum (Sudan) due to poor or the lack of treatment of drinking water. In this work, a simple and appropriate method (sand filter) for household water treatment was tested and developed. The main ...

  14. Book Review: American libraries and the Internet: The social construction of Web appropriation and use

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hamid R. Jamali

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available One can hardly find any aspect of human life that has not been affected one way or another by the Internet. Most of the Internet’s impact is because of the changes it has brought about in the areas of communication and availability of information. Facilitating information availability and information communication are among core activities of libraries. Since the advent of the Internet, libraries have tried to adopt this technology and make the best of it for their services. The Internet has been considered by librarians both as a source of concern and as a gate to fascinating opportunities. It is of much interest to see how librarians have reacted to this technology in its early days and how they have perceived it and made effort to apply it in their libraries. The book ‘American Libraries and the Internet’ by Bin Li, a research-based book, aims to answer questions such as: how do librarians define their roles in the changing environment? How do they understand and appropriate the Web in their profession and workplace? How have they perceived the World Wide Web from its early period of its implementation? And finally how the Web is appropriated and used in libraries?

  15. Technology transfer for adaptation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biagini, Bonizella; Kuhl, Laura; Gallagher, Kelly Sims; Ortiz, Claudia

    2014-09-01

    Technology alone will not be able to solve adaptation challenges, but it is likely to play an important role. As a result of the role of technology in adaptation and the importance of international collaboration for climate change, technology transfer for adaptation is a critical but understudied issue. Through an analysis of Global Environment Facility-managed adaptation projects, we find there is significantly more technology transfer occurring in adaptation projects than might be expected given the pessimistic rhetoric surrounding technology transfer for adaptation. Most projects focused on demonstration and early deployment/niche formation for existing technologies rather than earlier stages of innovation, which is understandable considering the pilot nature of the projects. Key challenges for the transfer process, including technology selection and appropriateness under climate change, markets and access to technology, and diffusion strategies are discussed in more detail.

  16. ARCTIC FOUNDATIONS, INC. FREEZE BARRIER TECHNOLOGY; INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGY EVALUATION REPORT

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arctic Foundations, Inc. (AFI), of Anchorage, Alaska has developed a freeze barrier technology designed to prevent the migration of contaminants in groundwater by completely isolating contaminant source areas until appropriate remediation techniques can be applied. With this tech...

  17. Les biotechnologies végétales appropriées dans le contexte du dialogue Nord-Sud

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lepoivre P.

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available Appropriate plant biotechnology in the context of the dialogue between North and South. Appropriateness of any technology must take into consideration the ethical problems and the social, economical, scientific and ecological environment. For developing countries, plant biotechnologies definitely open interesting perspectives, but also raise potential problems, because their integration and valorisation require a progressive and adapted development. Biotechnologies depend on legal and physical infrastructures, as well as human skills for on-site control corresponding to the needs of the relevant populations and to the global environment.

  18. Disney animation: Global diffusion and local appropriation of culture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Souad Belkhyr

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Children’s media products reflect the cultural values of their producers and the social, political and economic conditions under which they were produced. Watching an animated cartoon, therefore, cannot be regarded as an innocent and simple act of consumption. It rather involves a complex process of coding/decoding and appropriating cultural meanings. Disney films are not only global means of entertainment but they can also function as an ideological apparatus. In an era of globalisation where the boundaries and divisions between entertainment and materiel consumption are blurred, Arab audiences are faced with a one-way flow of seemingly alien ideas and values that are disseminated through Disney stories, images and narratives. The relation between structured patterns of communication under globalization, on one hand, and the local conditions under which Disney cartoon products are marketed and consumed in the Arab world, on the other, can be understood as the main axis of globalised diffusion and localised appropriation of American cultural values and lifestyle among Arab societies

  19. Is focused parathyroidectomy appropriate for patients with primary hyperparathyroidism?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Won Woong; Rhee, Yumie; Ban, Eun Jeong; Lee, Cho Rok; Kang, Sang-Wook; Nam, Kee-Hyun; Chung, Woong Youn; Park, Cheong Soo

    2016-01-01

    Purpose The aim of this study was to determine whether focused or complete parathyroidectomy was more appropriate and to compare follow-up data in primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT). Methods We retrospectively analyzed 225 operations for PHPT at Yonsei University Health System between 2000 and 2012. After excluding 93 patients, the remaining 132 were divided into 2 groups: those who underwent focused parathyroidectomy (FP) and those who underwent conventional parathyroidectomy (CP). We compared clinicopathological features; preoperative calcium, parathyroid hormone (PTH), phosphorus, vitamin D, 24-hour urine calcium, and alkaline phosphatase levels; postoperative calcium and PTH levels; pathologic diagnosis; multiplicity; and results of a localization study between the 2 groups. Results There was no significant difference in the rates of development of postoperative persistent hyperparathyroidism (1/122 FP patients and 1/10 CP patients) between the 2 groups due to a technical reason (FP 0.8% vs. CP 10.0%, P = 0.146). Multiglandular disease (MGD) was uncommon in all cases (6 of 132, 4.5%). All MGD cases were diagnosed using a preoperative localization study. Sestamibi scan and ultrasonography sensitivity were 94.2% and 90.2%, respectively. Conclusion We suggest that FP is appropriate in PHPT, except in cases of MGD if detected before the operation using preoperative imaging. Knowledge of hereditary PHPT and improved preoperative localization studies, such as high-resolution ultrasonography, contributed to the decision to perform FP rather than CP in all cases of unilateral results of the localizing study.

  20. Appropriateness of lumbar spine magnetic resonance imaging in Spain

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kovacs, Francisco M. [Spanish Back Pain Research Network (REIDE), Fundación Kovacs, Paseo de Mallorca 36, 07012 Palma de Mallorca (Spain); Research Department, Fundación Kovacs, Paseo de Mallorca 36, 07012 Palma de Mallorca (Spain); Arana, Estanislao, E-mail: aranae@uv.es [Spanish Back Pain Research Network (REIDE), Fundación Kovacs, Paseo de Mallorca 36, 07012 Palma de Mallorca (Spain); Servicio de Radiología, Fundación Instituto Valenciano de Oncología, Valencia (Spain); Fundación Instituto de Investigación en Servicios de Salud, Valencia (Spain); Royuela, Ana [Spanish Back Pain Research Network (REIDE), Fundación Kovacs, Paseo de Mallorca 36, 07012 Palma de Mallorca (Spain); CIBER Epidemiología y Salud Pública (CIBERESP) (Spain); Unidad de Bioestadística Clínica, Hospital Ramón y Cajal, IRYCIS, Ctra. Colmenar Km. 9.1, 28034 Madrid (Spain); Cabrera, Alberto [Spanish Back Pain Research Network (REIDE), Fundación Kovacs, Paseo de Mallorca 36, 07012 Palma de Mallorca (Spain); Hospital de Galdakao, Barrio Labeaga, 48960 Galdakao, Vizcaya (Spain); Casillas, Carlos [Spanish Back Pain Research Network (REIDE), Fundación Kovacs, Paseo de Mallorca 36, 07012 Palma de Mallorca (Spain); Instituto de Traumatología Unión de Mutuas, Av. del Lledó, C/Juan de Herrera, 27 12004 Castellón (Spain); and others

    2013-06-15

    Objectives: To determine the minimum percentage of lumbar spine magnetic resonance imaging (LSMRI) which are inappropriately prescribed in routine practice. Methods: LSMRI performed prospectively on 602 patients in 12 Radiology Services across 6 regions in Spain, were classified as “appropriate”, “uncertain” or “inappropriate” based on the indication criteria established by the National Institute for Clinical Excellence, the American College of Physicians and Radiology, and current evidence-based clinical guidelines. Studies on patients reporting at least one “red flag” were classified as “appropriate”. A logistic regression model was developed to identify factors associated with a higher likelihood of inappropriate LSMRI, including gender, reporting of referred pain, health care setting (private/public), and specialty of prescribing physician. Before performing the LSMRI, the radiologists also assessed the appropriateness of the prescription. Results: Eighty-eight percent of LSMRI were appropriate, 1.3% uncertain and 10.6% inappropriate. The agreement of radiologists’ assessment with this classification was substantial (k = 0.62). The odds that LSMRI prescriptions were inappropriate were higher for patients without referred pain [OR (CI 95%): 13.75 (6.72; 28.16)], seen in private practice [2.25 (1.20; 4.22)], by orthopedic surgeons, neurosurgeons or primary care physicians [2.50 (1.15; 5.56)]. Conclusion: Efficiency of LSMRI could be improved in routine practice, without worsening clinical outcomes.

  1. Appropriateness of lumbar spine magnetic resonance imaging in Spain

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objectives: To determine the minimum percentage of lumbar spine magnetic resonance imaging (LSMRI) which are inappropriately prescribed in routine practice. Methods: LSMRI performed prospectively on 602 patients in 12 Radiology Services across 6 regions in Spain, were classified as “appropriate”, “uncertain” or “inappropriate” based on the indication criteria established by the National Institute for Clinical Excellence, the American College of Physicians and Radiology, and current evidence-based clinical guidelines. Studies on patients reporting at least one “red flag” were classified as “appropriate”. A logistic regression model was developed to identify factors associated with a higher likelihood of inappropriate LSMRI, including gender, reporting of referred pain, health care setting (private/public), and specialty of prescribing physician. Before performing the LSMRI, the radiologists also assessed the appropriateness of the prescription. Results: Eighty-eight percent of LSMRI were appropriate, 1.3% uncertain and 10.6% inappropriate. The agreement of radiologists’ assessment with this classification was substantial (k = 0.62). The odds that LSMRI prescriptions were inappropriate were higher for patients without referred pain [OR (CI 95%): 13.75 (6.72; 28.16)], seen in private practice [2.25 (1.20; 4.22)], by orthopedic surgeons, neurosurgeons or primary care physicians [2.50 (1.15; 5.56)]. Conclusion: Efficiency of LSMRI could be improved in routine practice, without worsening clinical outcomes

  2. From Adaptation to Appropriation: Framing the World Through News Translation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valdeón Roberto A.

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Terminological issues are problematic in the analysis of translation processes in news production. In the 1980s, Stetting coined the term “transediting”, which has been widely used in the translation studies literature, but “translation” itself becomes contentious in communication studies, a discipline closely related to news translation research. Only a few communication scholars have specifically dealt with the linguistic and cultural transformations of source texts, but they tend to regard translation as word-for-word transfer, unusual news production. More productive for the study of news translation seems to be the application of the concept of framing, widely used in communication studies. Framing considers the linguistic and paralinguistic elements of news texts in the promotion of certain organizing ideas that the target audience can identify with. In news translation, this entails the adaptation of a text for the target readership, a process can lead to appropriation of source material. Two examples are mentioned to illustrate this point: the appropriation of the US Department of State cables by the Wikileak organisation, and the pro-Romanian slogans produced by the Gandul newspaper as a response to Britain’s anti-immigration campaigns. The final section relates news adaptation to adaptation of other text types, such as literary and historical works.

  3. Initiatives to improve appropriate antibiotic prescribing in primary care.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harris, Diane J

    2013-11-01

    Influencing clinicians' prescribing behaviour is important because inappropriate use and overuse of antibiotics are major drivers of antibiotic resistance. A systematic review of interventions for promoting prudent prescribing of antibiotics by general practitioners suggests that multifaceted interventions will maximize acceptability. This article reports how this type of approach has been used successfully in Derbyshire, UK over the last 4 years. The range of interventions that have been used includes educational meetings (both open group events and others targeted at higher prescribers in the surgery) using a supportive and guiding ethos; the provision of support materials aimed at empowering avoidance or delayed antibiotic prescribing, where appropriate, and improving patients' knowledge and confidence in self-management; and the production of different treatment guidelines incorporating key messages with evidence, indicating where antibiotics are unlikely to be of benefit. Education on antibiotics in schools was a novel approach, which was developed in North Derbyshire to increase public awareness of the appropriate treatment for common illnesses without using antibiotics. PMID:24030546

  4. The Role of School District Science Coordinators in the District-Wide Appropriation of an Online Resource Discovery and Sharing Tool for Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Victor R.; Leary, Heather M.; Sellers, Linda; Recker, Mimi

    2014-01-01

    When introducing and implementing a new technology for science teachers within a school district, we must consider not only the end users but also the roles and influence district personnel have on the eventual appropriation of that technology. School districts are, by their nature, complex systems with multiple individuals at different levels in…

  5. Improving the radiologist–CAD interaction: designing for appropriate trust

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) has great potential to improve radiologists' diagnostic performance. However, the reported performance of the radiologist–CAD team is lower than what might be expected based on the performance of the radiologist and the CAD system in isolation. This indicates that the interaction between radiologists and the CAD system is not optimal. An important factor in the interaction between humans and automated aids (such as CAD) is trust. Suboptimal performance of the human–automation team is often caused by an inappropriate level of trust in the automation. In this review, we examine the role of trust in the radiologist–CAD interaction and suggest ways to improve the output of the CAD system so that it allows radiologists to calibrate their trust in the CAD system more effectively. Observer studies of the CAD systems show that radiologists often have an inappropriate level of trust in the CAD system. They sometimes under-trust CAD, thereby reducing its potential benefits, and sometimes over-trust it, leading to diagnostic errors they would not have made without CAD. Based on the literature on trust in human–automation interaction and the results of CAD observer studies, we have identified four ways to improve the output of CAD so that it allows radiologists to form a more appropriate level of trust in CAD. Designing CAD systems for appropriate trust is important and can improve the performance of the radiologist–CAD team. Future CAD research and development should acknowledge the importance of the radiologist–CAD interaction, and specifically the role of trust therein, in order to create the perfect artificial partner for the radiologist. This review focuses on the role of trust in the radiologist–CAD interaction. The aim of the review is to encourage CAD developers to design for appropriate trust and thereby improve the performance of the radiologist–CAD team. - Highlights: • Radiologists often have an inappropriate

  6. Determination of appropriate models and parameters for premixing calculations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of the present work is to use experiments that have been performed at Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe during about the last ten years for determining the most appropriate models and parameters for premixing calculations. The results of a QUEOS experiment are used to fix the parameters concerning heat transfer. The QUEOS experiments are especially suited for this purpose as they have been performed with small hot solid spheres. Therefore the area of heat exchange is known. With the heat transfer parameters fixed in this way, a PREMIX experiment is recalculated. These experiments have been performed with molten alumina (Al2O3) as a simulant of corium. Its initial temperature is 2600 K. With these experiments the models and parameters for jet and drop break-up are tested

  7. The appropriateness of a proton pump inhibitor prescription.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Moran, N

    2014-11-01

    Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) are one of the most commonly prescribed groups of drug in Ireland, at great expense to the Irish healthcare executive. This study aims to evaluate the appropriateness of PPI prescriptions on admission and discharge in a tertiary referral hospital. All non-elective admissions in the Emergency Department in one week were included in the study. 102 patients in total were included, with 36 (35.4%) treated with a PPI on admission. Of these, only 3 (8.3%) had a clear indication noted as per current NICE guidelines. 18 new in-hospital PPI prescriptions were documented. 11 (61%) of which were present on discharge prescriptions. Continuing PPI prescription on discharge into the community may be inappropriate, costly and potentially harmful. Brief interventions aimed at reducing inappropriate PPI prescriptions have been shown to be effective at reducing the cost and potential harm of unnecessary treatment.

  8. Narrative Intertextuality: How Pacheco Appropriates The Go-Between

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Alcázar

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This essay explores the role of rewriting in postmodern fiction, whether it goes under such names as appropriation, adaptation or the interaction between a hypotext and a hypertext. The core of the article is concerned with a minute comparison between H. P. Hartley’s novel The Go-Between (1953 and José Emilio Pacheco’s Las batallas en el desierto (1981. Similarities such as the role of a child/adult narrator, his infatuation with a mature woman, the traumatic experience it entails, how a distant past is recreated, the clash of opposite social classes, the narrative thematics of music, as well as other minor details are brought to the fore.

  9. Cultural Appropriations; Ethnic-Racial Representations; Black Press

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Angélica Zubaran

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper investigates the exchange and circulation of ideas in the black diaspora, particularly in the newspaper The Example, mapping and discussing the ethnic-racial and gender representations constructed in the narratives produced by the editors of this newspaper, during the campaign for the construction of a monument to the “Black Mother”. The aim is to analyze how the newspaper’s editors have appropriated texts that circulated in other newspapers about the campaign to the monument of the “Black Mother”, adapted them to their own interests and given them new meanings. From the theoretical approach of Cultural Studies, we understand the black press as a cultural artifact that not only informs but also produces discourses and representations that contribute to the formation of black subjectivities and identities.

  10. The importance of applying an appropriate data partitioning

    CERN Document Server

    Dimitrov, Gancho; The ATLAS collaboration

    2015-01-01

    In this presentation are described specific technical solutions put in place in various database applications of the ATLAS experiment at LHC where we make use of several partitioning techniques available in Oracle 11g. With the broadly used range partitioning and its option of automatic interval partitioning we add our own logic in PLSQL procedures and scheduler jobs to sustain data sliding windows in order to enforce various data retention policies. We also make use of the new Oracle 11g reference partitioning in the ATLAS Nightly Build System to achieve uniform data segmentation. However the most challenging was to segment the data of the new ATLAS Distributed Data Management system, which resulted in tens of thousands list type partitions and sub-partitions. Partition and sub-partition management, index strategy, statistics gathering and queries execution plan stability are important factors when choosing an appropriate physical model for the application data management. The so-far accumulated knowledge wi...

  11. The importance of having an appropriate data segmentation (partitioning)

    CERN Document Server

    Dimitrov, Gancho; The ATLAS collaboration

    2014-01-01

    In this presentation will be shown real life examples from database applications in the ATLAS experiment @ LHC where we make use of many Oracle partitioning techniques available in Oracle 11g. With the broadly used range partitioning and its option of automatic interval partitioning we add our own logic in PLSQL for sustaining data sliding windows in order to enforce various data retention policies. We also make use of the reference partitioning in some use cases, however the most challenging was to segment the data of a large bookkeeping system which resulted in tens of thousands list partitions and list sub-partitions. Partition and sub-partition management, index strategy, statistics gathering and queries execution plan stability are important factors when choosing an appropriate for the use case data management model. The gained experience with all of those will be shared with the audience.

  12. Appropriate electromagnetic techniques for imaging geothermal fracture zones

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Groom, R.; Walker, P. [PetRos EiKon Incorporated, Ontario (Canada)

    1996-05-01

    Electromagnetic surface detection of fracture zones has often been approached by using the magnetotelluric method. This technique suffers greatly from the quantity and scale of the conductive inhomogeneities lying above the fracture zones. Additionally, it suffers from the inherent inability to focus the source on the target. There are no such source focusing capabilities in magnetotellurics. Accordingly, the quantity of magnetotelluric data required to resolve targets in such complex conditions can make the technique inefficient and insufficient from a cost perspective. When attempting to reveal a subsurface structure and image it, the basic physical responses at hand must be kept in mind, and the appropriate source must be utilized, which most effectively illuminates the target. A further advantage to controlled sources is that imaging techniques may be used to accentuate the response due to knowledge and control of the source.

  13. The tricks plants use to reach appropriate light

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    The perception of ambient light signals that produce a relevant response to ensure exposure to appropriate levels of light energy is vital for plants. In response to this, intricate molecular mechanisms to mediate light signaling have evolved in plants. Among the responses induced by light, seedling extension is a determining event for plant survival in darkness, especially in the initial stage of plant growth. Here we review previous studies and recent progress towards an understanding of light signaling that regulates seedling elongation. We focus on the three regions of the sunlight spectrum that primarily control seedling elongation, namely red/far-red light, blue/UV-A light and UV-B light, and summarize the four signaling pathways that correspond to the three effective spectra.

  14. Encouraging appropriate, evidence-based use of oral nutritional supplements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stratton, Rebecca J; Elia, Marinos

    2010-11-01

    With the considerable cost of disease-related malnutrition to individuals and to society (estimated to be >£13×109 for the UK, 2007 prices), there is a need for effective and evidence-based ways of preventing and treating this condition. The wide range of oral nutritional supplements that may be prescribed for the dietary management of malnutrition and other conditions account for only about 1% (about £99×106, 2007 data) of the prescribing budget in England. Systematic reviews and meta-analyses consistently suggest that ready-made, multi-nutrient liquids which may be prescribed can improve energy and nutritional intake, body weight and have a variety of clinical and functional benefits in a number of patient groups. Meta-analyses have repeatedly shown that oral nutritional supplements produce significant reductions in complications (e.g. infections) and mortality, and a recent meta-analysis shows a reduction in hospital admissions (OR 0·56 (95% CI 0·41, 0·77), six randomised controlled trials). Such benefits suggest that the appropriate use of oral nutritional supplements should form an integral part of the management of malnutrition, particularly as there is currently a lack of evidence for alternative oral nutrition strategies (e.g. food fortification and counselling). As with all therapies, compliance to oral nutritional supplements needs to be maximised and the use monitored. To make sure that those at risk of malnutrition are identified and treated appropriately, there is a need to embed national and local policies into routine clinical practice. In doing so, the economic burden of this costly condition can be curtailed. As recently suggested by the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence, substantial cost savings could be made if screening and treatment of malnourished patients was undertaken. PMID:20696091

  15. ACR Appropriateness Criteria® Resectable Rectal Cancer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The management of resectable rectal cancer continues to be guided by clinical trials and advances in technique. Although surgical advances including total mesorectal excision continue to decrease rates of local recurrence, the management of locally advanced disease (T3-T4 or N+) benefits from a multimodality approach including neoadjuvant concomitant chemotherapy and radiation. Circumferential resection margin, which can be determined preoperatively via MRI, is prognostic. Toxicity associated with radiation therapy is decreased by placing the patient in the prone position on a belly board, however for patients who cannot tolerate prone positioning, IMRT decreases the volume of normal tissue irradiated. The use of IMRT requires knowledge of the patterns of spreads and anatomy. Clinical trials demonstrate high variability in target delineation without specific guidance demonstrating the need for peer review and the use of a consensus atlas. Concomitant with radiation, fluorouracil based chemotherapy remains the standard, and although toxicity is decreased with continuous infusion fluorouracil, oral capecitabine is non-inferior to the continuous infusion regimen. Additional chemotherapeutic agents, including oxaliplatin, continue to be investigated, however currently should only be utilized on clinical trials as increased toxicity and no definitive benefit has been demonstrated in clinical trials. The ACR Appropriateness Criteria are evidence-based guidelines for specific clinical conditions that are reviewed every two years by a multidisciplinary expert panel. The guideline development and review include an extensive analysis of current medical literature from peer reviewed journals and the application of a well-established consensus methodology (modified Delphi) to rate the appropriateness of imaging and treatment procedures by the panel. In those instances where evidence is lacking or not definitive, expert opinion may be used to recommend imaging or treatment

  16. Pakistan's health policy: appropriateness and relevance to women's health needs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rizvi, Narjis; Nishtar, Sania

    2008-12-01

    The interface between national health policy and women's health needs is complex in developing countries like Pakistan. This paper aims to assess if Pakistan's national health policy 2001 is relevant and appropriate to women's health needs. Through review of existing data on women, a profile of women's health needs was developed which was transformed into framework of analysis. This framework indicates that Pakistani women's health needs are determined by gender disparities in health and health-related sectors. Comparison of national health policy with women's health needs framework reveals that although policy focuses on women's health through prioritization of gender equity, it is however addressed as an isolated theme without acknowledging the vital role gender inequalities in health and health-related sectors play in defining women's health needs. Moreover, gender equity is translated as provision of reproductive health services to married mothers, ignoring various critical overarching issues of women's life such as sexual abuse, violence, induced abortion, etc. Health systems strengthening strategies are though suggested but these fails to recognize main obstacles of utilization of healthcare services by women including non-availability of female healthcare providers and gender-based obstacles to healthcare utilization such as illiteracy, lack of empowerment to make decisions related to health, etc. In order to be relevant and appropriate to women's health needs the policy should: (1) use gender equity in health and health-related sectors as an approach to develop a healthy policy (2) expand the focus from reproductive health to life cycle approach to address all issues around women's life (3) strengthen health systems through creation of gender equity among all cadres of health providers (4) tailoring health interventions to counter gender-based obstacles to utilization of healthcare services and (5) dissemination interventions for behavior change. PMID

  17. Heterologous expression of membrane proteins: choosing the appropriate host.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Florent Bernaudat

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Membrane proteins are the targets of 50% of drugs, although they only represent 1% of total cellular proteins. The first major bottleneck on the route to their functional and structural characterisation is their overexpression; and simply choosing the right system can involve many months of trial and error. This work is intended as a guide to where to start when faced with heterologous expression of a membrane protein. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: The expression of 20 membrane proteins, both peripheral and integral, in three prokaryotic (E. coli, L. lactis, R. sphaeroides and three eukaryotic (A. thaliana, N. benthamiana, Sf9 insect cells hosts was tested. The proteins tested were of various origins (bacteria, plants and mammals, functions (transporters, receptors, enzymes and topologies (between 0 and 13 transmembrane segments. The Gateway system was used to clone all 20 genes into appropriate vectors for the hosts to be tested. Culture conditions were optimised for each host, and specific strategies were tested, such as the use of Mistic fusions in E. coli. 17 of the 20 proteins were produced at adequate yields for functional and, in some cases, structural studies. We have formulated general recommendations to assist with choosing an appropriate system based on our observations of protein behaviour in the different hosts. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: Most of the methods presented here can be quite easily implemented in other laboratories. The results highlight certain factors that should be considered when selecting an expression host. The decision aide provided should help both newcomers and old-hands to select the best system for their favourite membrane protein.

  18. Biohydrometallurgical technologies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The theme of the International Biohydrometallurgy Symposium held in Jackson Hole, Wyoming, August 22-25, 1993, is ''Biohydrometallurgy: An Industry Matures.'' This is a developing technology which made important contributions to the minerals industry. Biohydrometallurgical technology was first introduced into the copper industry and subsequently to the uranium industry for the production of metal values from low-grade mineral resources. Currently, biotechnology has advanced a step further. It is now commercially applied for the treatment of high-grade refractory gold ores in aerated stirred reactors to liberate precious metals for cyanidation. In addition, the industrial applications of biotechnology involve bioenhanced tertiary oil recovery processes, which contribute to an increase in oil production from previously exhausted wells. Furthermore, many bioremediation technologies are being developed for the removal of toxic heavy metals and radionuclides from contaminated soils and aqueous mining and industrial effluents. This volume contains papers selected for publication which are predominantly dealing with subjects related to laboratory and industrial scale bioleaching of base and precious metals, biocorrosion phenomena, diverse bioreduction processes and electrochemical reactions. Individual papers have been processed separately for inclusion in the appropriate data bases

  19. Technology-Use Mediation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bansler, Jørgen P.; Havn, Erling C.

    This study analyzes how a group of ‘mediators’ in a large, multinational company adapted a computer-mediated communication technology (a ‘virtual workspace’) to the organizational context (and vice versa) by modifying features of the technology, providing ongoing support for users, and promoting...... appropriate conventions of use. Our findings corroborate earlier research on technology-use mediation, which suggests that such mediators can exert considerable influence on how a particular technology will be established and used in an organization. However, this study also indicates that the process of...... technology-use mediation is more complex and indeterminate than earlier literature suggests. In particular, we want to draw attention to the fact that advanced computer-mediated communication technologies are equivocal and that technology-use mediation consequently requires ongoing sensemaking (Weick 1995)....

  20. Technology-Use Mediation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bansler, Jørgen P.; Havn, Erling C.

    2003-01-01

    This study analyzes how a group of ‘mediators’ in a large, multinational company adapted a computer-mediated communication technology (a ‘virtual workspace’) to the organizational context (and vice versa) by modifying features of the technology, providing ongoing support for users, and promoting...... technology-use mediation is more complex and indeterminate than earlier literature suggests. In particular, we want to draw attention to the fact that advanced computer-mediated communication technologies are equivocal and that technology-use mediation consequently requires ongoing sensemaking (Weick 1995)....... appropriate conventions of use. Our findings corroborate earlier research on technology-use mediation, which suggests that such mediators can exert considerable influence on how a particular technology will be established and used in an organization. However, this study also indicates that the process of...

  1. Technology-Use Mediation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bansler, Jørgen P.; Havn, Erling C.

    2004-01-01

    deepens our understanding of how organizations appropriate new electronic communication media. The paper analyzes how a group of mediators in a large, multinational company adapted a new web-based CMC technology (a virtual workspace) to the local organizational context (and vice versa) by modifying...... features of the technology, providing ongoing support for users, and promoting appropriate conventions of use. We found that these mediators exerted considerable influence on how the technology was established and used in the organization. The mediators were not neutral facilitators of a well......Implementation of new computer-mediated communication (CMC) systems in organizations is a complex socio-technical endeavour, involving the mutual adaptation of technology and organization over time. Drawing on the analytic concept of sensemaking, this paper provides a theoretical perspective that...

  2. Technology-Use Mediation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bansler, Jørgen P.; Havn, Erling C.

    2004-01-01

    Implementation of new computer-mediated communication (CMC) systems in organizations is a complex socio-technical endeavour, involving the mutual adaptation of technology and organization over time. Drawing on the analytic concept of sensemaking, this paper provides a theoretical perspective that...... deepens our understanding of how organizations appropriate new electronic communication media. The paper analyzes how a group of mediators in a large, multinational company adapted a new web-based CMC technology (a virtual workspace) to the local organizational context (and vice versa) by modifying...... features of the technology, providing ongoing support for users, and promoting appropriate conventions of use. We found that these mediators exerted considerable influence on how the technology was established and used in the organization. The mediators were not neutral facilitators of a well...

  3. Older people’s appropriation of computers and the Internet

    OpenAIRE

    Harley, Dave

    2011-01-01

    This thesis looks at how older people integrate computers and the Internet into their everyday lives and make these technologies their own as part of their broader experience of ageing. The thesis starts by considering the limits of current ‘deficit-driven’ models of accessible design used in relation to older people and highlights a need to develop new approaches which can accommodate the adaptive and ‘positive’ capacities that emerge with advanced age. The approach subsequently developed pr...

  4. Choosing appropriate temporal and spatial scales for ecological restoration

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    J Baird Callicott

    2002-07-01

    Classic ecological restoration seems tacitly to have taken the Clementsian ``balance of nature” paradigm for granted: plant succession terminates in a climax community which remains at equilibrium until exogenously disturbed after which the process of succession is restarted until the climax is reached. Human disturbance is regarded as unnatural and to have commenced in the Western Hemisphere at the time of European incursion. Classic ecological restoration thus has a clear and unambiguous target and may be conceived as aiming to foreshorten the natural processes that would eventually lead to the climax of a given site, which may be determined by its state at ``settlement”. According to the new ``flux of nature” paradigm in ecology a given site has no telos and is constantly changing. Human disturbance is ubiquitous and long-standing, and at certain spatial and temporal scales is ``incorporated”. Any moment in the past 10,000 years that may be selected as a benchmark for restoration efforts thus appears to be arbitrary. Two prominent conservationists have therefore suggested that the ecological conditions in North America at the Pleistocene–Holocene boundary, prior to the anthropogenic extinction of the Pleistocene megafauna, be the target for ecological restoration. That suggestion explicitly assumes evolutionary temporal scales and continental spatial scales as the appropriate frame of reference for ecological restoration. However, ecological restoration should be framed in ecological spatio-temporal scales, which may be defined temporally in reference to ecological processes such as disturbance regimes and spatially in reference to ecological units such as landscapes, ecosystems, and biological provinces. Ecological spatio-temporal scales are also useful in achieving a scientifically defensible distinction between native and exotic species, which plays so central a role in the practice of ecological restoration and the conservation of biodiversity

  5. Appropriate Separator Sizing: A Modified Stewart and Arnold Method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F. Boukadi

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Oil and gas separators were one of the first pieces of production equipment to be used in the petroleum industry. The different stages of separation are completed using the following three principles: gravity, centrifugal force, and impingement. The sizes of the oil droplets, in the production water, are based mainly on the choke valve pressure drop. The choke valve pressure drop creates a shearing effect; this reduces the ability of the droplets to combine. One of the goals of oil separation is to reduce the shearing effect of the choke. Separators are conventionally designed based on initial flow rates; as a result, the separator is no longer able to accommodate totality of produced fluids. Changing fluid flow rates as well as emulsion viscosity effect separator design. The reduction in vessel performance results in recorded measurements that do not match actual production levels inducing doubt into any history matching process and distorting reservoir management programs. In this paper, the new model takes into account flow rates and emulsion viscosity. The generated vessel length, vessel diameter, and slenderness ratio monographs are used to select appropriate separator size based on required retention time. Model results are compared to API 12J standards.

  6. The appropriateness of organic solar cells for indoor lighting conditions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Minnaert, B.; Veelaert, P.

    2010-05-01

    Most commercially available photovoltaic solar cells are crystalline silicon cells. However, in indoor environments, the efficiency of silicon solar cells is poor. Typically, the light intensity under artificial lighting conditions is less than 10 W/m2 as compared to 100-1000 W/m2 under outdoor conditions. Moreover, the spectrum is different from the outdoor solar spectrum and there is more diffuse than direct light. Taken into account the predicted cheaper costs for the production of organic solar cells, a possible niche market for organic PV can be indoor applications. In this article, we study the influence of the narrow absorption window, characteristic for organic solar cells, for different indoor conditions. This comparison is made for typical artificial light sources, i.e. a common incandescent lamp, an LED lamp and a "warm" and a "cool" fluorescent tube, which are compared to the outdoor AM 1.5 spectrum as reference. The comparisons are done by simulation based on the quantum efficiencies of the solar cells and the light spectra of the different light sources. A classical silicon solar cell is used as reference. In this way we determine the appropriateness for indoor use of organic solar cells.

  7. Appropriate mask selection study for nuclear industries activities

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The pollution control is one of the major aims to a factory for preserving employee's health and outside environment. The best way to control the dust is to design machines in such a way that either producing the dust is prevented or the amount of produced dust which goes to the environment be less than a defined limit. If dust control is not possible, other ways such as blocking the production area, using localized air control system, and personal controls can be applied. In this work, an attempt was made to examine the quality of different disposable personal masks to be used in industry, especially in nuclear industries. To accomplish the purpose of the study, 21 samples were collected from 10 different companies. In order to choose the most appropriate mask, these masks were examined for their effectiveness with the atmospheric particle method. The quality factor was calculated by examining the pressure drop. This research indicated that there was a significant difference between the qualities of the examined masks. The lowest, average and highest quality factors for different masks, are about 0.002. 0.044 and 0.247, respectively

  8. Selection an Appropriate Leadership Style to Direct Hospital Manpower

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M Arab

    2006-07-01

    Full Text Available This research has tried to find most proper leadership styles based on a approved model to direct hospital manpower appropriately. The main objective of this research was the comparison between manager’s existing leadership styles and suggested styles to them in order to direct existing styles toward suggested ones. In this cross- sectional study all Qom province hospital managers participated. From the hospital the staff, 385 persons were selected by randomized stratifying sampling. Data were collected by two types of validated questionnaires, one for the staff and another for managers, and analyzed by SPSS software. The finding showed that among four types of leadership styles, 75% of manager’s leadership style was “consultative” and rest were “exploitative- authoritative” or “benevolent- authoritative”, but in the view of about 78% of the staff, manager’s leadership style was “benevolent- authoritative” and only 0.8% of them believed that manager’s style was participative .In general, based on the staff point of view, managers behaved less participative. On the other hand, Tannenbaum and Schmidt leadership style continuum model proved that the best leadership style for all the hospital managers was the “consultative” one. It can be concluded that there was 25% gap between existing leadership styles and suggested ones and it should be tried to close this gap as far as posible.

  9. Appropriateness of newborn screening for classic galactosaemia: a systematic review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Varela-Lema, L; Paz-Valinas, L; Atienza-Merino, G; Zubizarreta-Alberdi, R; Villares, R Vizoso; López-García, M

    2016-09-01

    Currently, there is no universal agreement on galactosaemia screening, fundamentally because of the risk-benefit uncertainties. We conducted two exhaustive systematic searches in the main electronic databases (PubMed, Embase, Cochrane, etc.) to recover relevant information about the disease and screening test/s in order to support decision making in Spain. All of the 45 studies identified that covered disease issues were retrospective case series or cross-sectional analysis (level-4 evidence). Studies consistently found that the majority of patients presented characteristic symptomatology before diagnosis. Long term disabilities were not significantly correlated with age of diagnosis, onset of dietary restriction or strict diet compliance. The five studies that provided accuracy data used different cut-off points and verification tests, and thus differed in their definitions of a positive case (level-3b evidence). The estimated sensitivity was 100 % and the specificity 99.9 %. The false-positive rate ranged from 0.0005 % to 0.25 %, and the PPV from 0 % to 64.3 %. The comparative clinical effectiveness in relation to not screening or implementation of other programs is unknown. In summary, existing evidence remains insufficient to establish the appropriateness of newborn screening for galactosaemia screening, although health benefits could be expected if early diagnosis and treatment is achieved. If screening is implemented in Spain, it would be important that a pilot programme be implemented to assess false positive rate and ensure that early diagnosis is not delayed. PMID:27116003

  10. Niche appropriation by Drosophila intestinal stem cell tumours.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patel, Parthive H; Dutta, Devanjali; Edgar, Bruce A

    2015-09-01

    Mutations that inhibit differentiation in stem cell lineages are a common early step in cancer development, but precisely how a loss of differentiation initiates tumorigenesis is unclear. We investigated Drosophila intestinal stem cell (ISC) tumours generated by suppressing Notch (N) signalling, which blocks differentiation. Notch-defective ISCs require stress-induced divisions for tumour initiation and an autocrine EGFR ligand, Spitz, during early tumour growth. On achieving a critical mass these tumours displace surrounding enterocytes, competing with them for basement membrane space and causing their detachment, extrusion and apoptosis. This loss of epithelial integrity induces JNK and Yki/YAP activity in enterocytes and, consequently, their expression of stress-dependent cytokines (Upd2, Upd3). These paracrine signals, normally used within the stem cell niche to trigger regeneration, propel tumour growth without the need for secondary mutations in growth signalling pathways. The appropriation of niche signalling by differentiation-defective stem cells may be a common mechanism of early tumorigenesis. PMID:26237646

  11. Who owns urban waste? Appropriation conflicts in emerging countries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cavé, Jérémie

    2014-09-01

    Managing solid waste in developing cities is not an easy task and many public policies have failed to bring the expected results. It is here argued that comprehending the solid waste handling in the South implies reconsidering the proper definition of waste. Where does the product end and where does rubbish begin? The answer to this question is far from being obvious. Solid waste appears as a blurred concept. Such a thorny issue is all the more relevant today, as municipal solid waste management approaches in the developing world are being reformulated: dumping sites are banned, sanitary landfills are imposed, and separate collection is being introduced. The current sector transformations are here analysed through a novel theoretical analysis combined with an original qualitative and quantitative empirical work. Through two case-studies of one-million inhabitant cities from emerging countries, it is shown that if appropriation conflicts arise that is because the urban solid waste deposit in Southern countries can be defined as an impure public good. This issue does not only involve private service operators and informal wastepickers; several other actors covet the urban solid waste deposit's cream, that is, recyclable items. In emerging countries, huge industrial groups are starting to target domestic recyclable waste as an alternative for raw materials, which costs are increasing ever more. PMID:25037749

  12. Liver transplantation in adults:Choosing the appropriate timing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Maria; Siciliano; Lucia; Parlati; Federica; Maldarelli; Massimo; Rossi; Stefano; Ginanni; Corradini

    2012-01-01

    Liver transplantation is indicated in patients with acute liver failure,decompensated cirrhosis,hepatocellular carcinoma and rare liver-based genetic defects that trigger damage of other organs.Early referral to a transplant center is crucial in acute liver failure due to the high mortality with medical therapy and its unpredictable evolution.Referral to a transplant center should be considered when at least one complication of cirrhosis occurs during its natural history.However,because of the shortage of organ donors and the short-term mortality after liver transplantation on one hand and the possibility of managing the complications of cirrhosis with other treatments on the other,patients are carefully selected by the transplant center to ensure that transplantation is indicated and that there are no medical,surgical and psychological contraindications.Patients approved for transplantation are placed on the transplant waiting list and prioritized according to disease severity.Thus,the appropriate timing of transplantation depends on recipient disease severity and,although this is still a matter of debate,also on donor quality.These two variables are known to determine the "transplant benefit"(i.e.,when the expected patient survival is better with,than without,transplantation) and should guide donor allocation.

  13. Understanding the concept of nationally appropriate mitigation action

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sharma, S.; Desgain, D.

    2013-05-15

    This publication is intended to enable national policy makers and other stakeholders, such as the private sector and technical experts, to acquaint themselves with the concept of NAMA. It aims to provide a comprehensive overview of the Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Action (NAMA) concept and enhance the understanding of NAMAs by explaining the underlying decisions of the Conference of the Parties in layman's terms. The first chapter describes how the concept of NAMA emerged in the context of the negotiations on climate change. The chapter gives an overview of how the concepts of NAMA and related MRV and financing issues have evolved through the different COPs. The second chapter clarifies the understanding of NAMAs in the context of the global temperature goal, and moves on to discuss the legal nature and scope of NAMAs. The chapter subsequently analyses the diversity of NAMAs submitted by developing countries to the UNFCCC, and ends by proposing a structure for formal submission of a NAMA. The third chapter specifically addresses the concept of measurement, reporting and verification (MRV), and describes the implications for countries implementing the MRV requirements. The last chapter discusses institutional arrangements, under the Convention, for providing financing to develop and implement NAMAs. The chapter also briefly discusses the different financial sources for implementing NAMAs, and concludes by explaining the concept of incremental cost in this specific context. (Author)

  14. Is antibiotic dosing appropriate for renal function in older adults?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    T.S.Dharmarajan; RanganathanRajendran; MarilouCorpuz; EdwardP.Norkus

    2000-01-01

    A retrospective observational study was used to detennine if antibiotic dosing practices in older adults were adjusted for age or disease related changes in renal function in 196 patients, 17 to 99 years, hospitalized for urosepsis or pneumonia. Appropriate or inappropriate antibiotic dosing, based on ereatinine clearance, was assessed in three groups categorized by age and renal function. Duration of antibiotic therapy (iv, oral and total) was statistically equivalent across the three age groups. Older patients had significantly higher serum BUN (P<0.0000), creatinine (P=0.0078), renal impairment (P<0.000), and hospital deaths (P<0.000) compared to the young. Older adults were prescribed inappropriately higher antibiotic dosages significantly more often (P<0.000) than the young. The very old, prescribed excessive antibiotic doses (P=0.005) not adjusted for renal status, had an increased rate of Clostridium difficile colitis infection (P=0.014). In conclusion, excessive antibiotic dosing, not adjusted for ereatinine clearance, occurs in the elderly and we believe that it is correctable.

  15. A community assessment model appropriate for the Iranian community.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kourosh Holakouie Naieni

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Community assessment is one of the core competencies for public health professionals; mainly because it gives them a better understanding of the strengths and drawbacks of their jurisdictions. We planned to recognize an appropriate model that provides a conceptual framework for the Iranian community.This study was conducted in Tehran, during 2009-2010 and consisted of two parts: a review of the literature and qualitative interview with selected experts as well as focus group discussion with health field staff. These steps were done to develop a conceptual framework: planning for a steering committee, forming a working committee, re-viewing community assessment models and projects, preparing the proposed model draft, in-depth interview and focused group discussions with national experts, finalizing the draft, and preparing the final model.Three different models published and applied routinely in different contexts. The 2008 North Carolina Community Assessment model was used as a reference. Ten national and 18 international projects were compared to the reference and one and six projects were completely compatible with this model, respectively.Our final proposed model takes communities through eight steps to complete a collaborative community assessment: form a community assessment team, solicit community participation and gain inter-sectoral collaboration, establish a working committee, empower the community, collect and analyze community's primary and secondary statistics, solicit community input to select health priorities, evaluate the community assessment and develop the community assessment document, an develop the community action plans.

  16. Bibliometrics: tracking research impact by selecting the appropriate metrics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Agarwal, Ashok; Durairajanayagam, Damayanthi; Tatagari, Sindhuja; Esteves, Sandro C; Harlev, Avi; Henkel, Ralf; Roychoudhury, Shubhadeep; Homa, Sheryl; Puchalt, Nicolás Garrido; Ramasamy, Ranjith; Majzoub, Ahmad; Ly, Kim Dao; Tvrda, Eva; Assidi, Mourad; Kesari, Kavindra; Sharma, Reecha; Banihani, Saleem; Ko, Edmund; Abu-Elmagd, Muhammad; Gosalvez, Jaime; Bashiri, Asher

    2016-01-01

    Traditionally, the success of a researcher is assessed by the number of publications he or she publishes in peer-reviewed, indexed, high impact journals. This essential yardstick, often referred to as the impact of a specific researcher, is assessed through the use of various metrics. While researchers may be acquainted with such matrices, many do not know how to use them to enhance their careers. In addition to these metrics, a number of other factors should be taken into consideration to objectively evaluate a scientist's profile as a researcher and academician. Moreover, each metric has its own limitations that need to be considered when selecting an appropriate metric for evaluation. This paper provides a broad overview of the wide array of metrics currently in use in academia and research. Popular metrics are discussed and defined, including traditional metrics and article-level metrics, some of which are applied to researchers for a greater understanding of a particular concept, including varicocele that is the thematic area of this Special Issue of Asian Journal of Andrology. We recommend the combined use of quantitative and qualitative evaluation using judiciously selected metrics for a more objective assessment of scholarly output and research impact. PMID:26806079

  17. APPROPRIATE FEEDBACK:AN IMPORTANT ASPECT OF IMPROVING STUDENTS’WRITING SKILLS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    There have been numerous studies on the effectiveness ofwriting feedback in recent years,but so far we have found verylittle evidence of improvement in the overall quality of students’writing.So,this article tries to investigate the most effectiveforms of feedback.First,the importance of feedback is stated.Then,three questions are put forward to see whether teachers’feedback really matches students’preferences or not.On thesequestions,two case studies are carried out among the second-yearstudents in Huazhong University of Science and Technology(HUST).We have made an equivalent time-sample design.Thefirst design is made at the middle of the semester,in which thefirst questionnaire is administered to inquire about the types offeedback the students prefer to receive,and the first sampling ofthe teacher’s feedback is made to show any discrepancy betweenteacher’s feedback and the learners’interest.Then,the ways ongiving appropriate feedback are given to teachers.The seconddesign is made at the end of the semester,in which anotherquestionnaire is constructed to obtain what students havebenefited from teachers’feedback,and another sampling is doneto see the changes in teachers’feedback and students’improvements.Finally,this article tries to explore effectiveways on giving appropriate feedback.

  18. Developing Criteria for Lumbar Spine Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) Using RAND Appropriateness Method (RAM)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Studies show that a large proportion of healthcare offered may be inappropriate or unnecessary. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a new and expensive diagnostic technology which has been increasingly used all over the world. Moreover, this trend has been more rapidly increasing in Iran. Low back pain is a common disorder all over the world and MRI technique is one of the several ways to assess its cause. The present study aims to develop scenarios for lumbar spine MRI. In the present study, the RAND Appropriateness Method (RAM) was used in order to reach consensus regarding developing scenarios for lumbar spine MRI. We generated scenarios from valid clinical guidelines as well as the experts’ opinion. The panel members included nine specialists from various medical specialties that had scored scenarios in two rounds, the first of which was without interaction, while the second one was with interaction. We extracted 97 scenarios for the lumbar spine MRI in the scenario extracting phase of the study and the panel members added 18 scenarios. After implementation of two rounds, the scenarios were categorized into three ranges. Sixty seven (58%) of the scenarios were considered as appropriate, 45 (39%) as uncertain, and three (2.6%) as inappropriate. RAM is useful for identifying stakeholder views in settings with limited resources. Since RAM has precise instructions for consensus developing, a large number of scenarios were considered as uncertain. Therefore, more research has to be conducted on the issue

  19. RESULTS OF TWO DECADES OF RESEARCH WORK ON STABILISATION AND AGRICULTURAL REVALUATION OF AN APPROPRIATED LANDSLIDE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V BUDIU

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available Starting with 1976, a totally unproductive piece of land located in the Chinteni Valley, Cluj County, severely degraded by landslides, was used as an experimental field in order to study the actual possibilities of agricultural reinstatement of these lands. Out of a large range of problems studied since then, the present paper shows the most important experimental results concerning the gradual stabilisation and agricultural revaluation of landslides by means of hydro- and agroappropriative works applied. The presented results emphasise the fact that as a consequence of appropriation works applied to this landslide (drainage and levellment as well as by using crop technologies specific for slopes, the horizontal and vertical displacements of ground have been significantly reduced. Gradually, there has been noted an obvious tendency of a long term land stabilisation followed by a natural incorporation of this land into the equilibrium condition of the slope to which it belongs.

  20. Exploring Appropriate Evaluation Tasks for a Mixed Ability EFL Writing Class in Taiwan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ai-Hwa Chen

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Many English as a Foreign Language (EFL college students usually do not have sufficient language skills to generate satisfactory performance on their essay compositions. It is also hard for teachers to assess their progress on writing performance. This study attempted to investigate appropriate assessment criteria employed in a mixed ability EFL writing classroom. The participants were English major students from a private technological university, Taiwan. Based on students’ performance at each learning stage and negotiated evaluation tasks agreed by students and the teacher, the assessment items would be revised to correspond to students’ language skill levels. In addition, the students were asked to provide their opinions after conducting writing activities. The findings indicated that many students had their writing skills improved when they followed the guidelines and the use of reasonable assessment criteria. This implies a need for the teacher and student writers to collaboratively develop structured writing activities relating to assessing writing work.

  1. Appropriation and educational uses of cell phones by students and university teachers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javier Organista Sandoval

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract This article presents a study on appropriation and educational uses of cell phones. For the research, a random sample of 954 students and 246 teachers was selected, representing respectively 12% and 24% of the total population in two facilities of UABC in Ensenada, Mexico. Our survey showed that 97% of teachers or students have some kind of cell phone or smartphone. However, we observed that one of every four interactions with the mobile device had a concrete educational purpose. We also found that in general the educational use of the cell phone is mainly aimed to establish communication between the students and to access information via Internet. However, in spite of its limitations, our results show that the cell phone is a technological tool with great pedagogical potential. We suggest that institutional policies are necessary in order to tap that the cell phone potential to adequately support the teaching-learning process.

  2. Agility, Adaptability + Appropriateness: Conceiving, Crafting & Constructing an Architecture of the 21st Century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brian R. Sinclair,

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Architectural design in our current times has tended to generate buildings which, despite their aesthetic qualities, frequently prove static, rigid and intractable. The intense and significant production of architecture around the planet has created a situation whereby modification of the existing building stock is costly, difficult and at times implausible. Beginning in the mid-twentieth century architects began to more seriously question narrow design approaches and in response explored more open, mutable and responsive ways of building. Architects such as Kisho Kurokawa and Cedric Price, in an effort to envision more resilient & robust solutions, explored methods of design and construction which afforded greater user control, modification and customization of environments. As opposed to buildings in which users needed to adapt to environmental constraints, these progressive designers imagined spaces that adjusted to user needs. A significant challenge to these visionaries was a lag between thinking and technology – quite simply construction proved unable to fully address concept. Today the world has changed in dramatic ways, with advancements in technology, expectations of society, and a quest for greater sustainability all driving a push for more agile, adaptable and appropriate Architecture. The present paper critically contemplates the condition of contemporary building design, examines emerging trends, and postulates an innovative model & philosophy for realizing a more responsive, responsible and fitting Architecture for the 21st Century. While considering historical initiatives, theories and practices, the paper also examines contemporary applications and future possibilities, arguing that many forces hold promise to align in ways before unimaginable. Advancing from the established foundation of Open Building (OB research and practice, and building upon a holistic and inter-connected strategy (Sinclair 2009 for environmental design

  3. Pratiques de l’appropriation foncière en contexte musulman Land appropriation practices in the Muslim context

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alice Wilson

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Cet article porte sur la question de la « propriété » et de sa transmission. Nous proposons de nous départir d’une vision culturaliste du droit, qui prévaut largement dans les travaux sur les mondes musulmans, au profit d’une approche ethnographique des pratiques d’acquisition et de transmission de la propriété foncière. Nous montrons comment, sur des terrains algériens et soudanais, les acteurs mobilisent des droits locaux et nationaux, voire internationaux, pour faire valoir un titre à la propriété, en particulier sur des biens collectifs ou publics. L’attention est focalisée sur les pratiques actuelles d’appropriation foncière en zone agricole et/ou périurbaine et sur les conflits qui leur sont inhérents. Après avoir succinctement présenté le cadre « praxéologique » de la démarche que nous entreprenons, ainsi que les travaux récents au sujet de la propriété dans ces deux pays, nous décrivons comment opèrent, autour d’un objet commun (les modes d’accès à la terre, le jeu des protagonistes, leurs différents référents juridiques et les institutions impliquées dans l’arène de la négociation pour l’accès à la terre et la résolution éventuelle du conflit.This article deals with the question of “property” and its transmission. Our approach distances itself from the right-wing culturalist perspectives often adopted in studies of the Muslim world to favour an ethnographical approach examining the ways in which land is acquired and transferred. We show how actors in Algeria and Sudan use local, national and even international laws to claim title to land, especially in cases of collective or public goods. Our focus then shifts to the land appropriation practices currently affecting agricultural and/or peri-urban areas and the conflicts they give rise to. After briefly presenting our “praxelogical” approach and recent work on property in both countries, we describe how protagonists

  4. L'appropriation d'une Technologie de l'Information et de la Communication en entreprise à partir des relations entre Usage Conception-Vision

    OpenAIRE

    Guiderdoni-Jourdain, Karine

    2009-01-01

    This PhD dissertation aims at understanding ongoing mechanisms of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) appropriation at the company-level through examining the relationship between Use-Design-Vision. In the literature, these three variables are traditionally used to explain the ICT appropriation phenomenon, but often in a separate way. The originality of the theoretical framework, developed here, is to integrate them. More precisely, the author applies the structurational perspectiv...

  5. Assessing Elementary Pupils' Attitudes Toward Technology

    OpenAIRE

    Holter, Charlotte Ann

    2016-01-01

    Making all US citizens technologically literate necessitates investigation into how to achieve this literacy. The Standards for Technological Literacy: Content for the Study of Technology (STL) is intentional about ensuring technological literacy in all students. Instilling this knowledge in elementary students is an emerging field that requires assessment tools that conveys understanding into what student attitudes are about technology and technological concepts. Developing appropriate techn...

  6. Selection of an appropriately simple storm runoff model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. I. J. M. van Dijk

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Alternative conceptual storm runoff models, including several published ones, were evaluated against storm flow time series for 260 catchments in Australia (23–1902 km2. The original daily streamflow data was separated into baseflow and storm flow components and from these, event rainfall and storm flow totals were estimated. For each tested model structure, the number of free parameters was reduced in stages. The appropriate balance between simplicity and explanatory power was decided based on Aikake's Final Prediction Error Criterion and evidence of parameter equivalence. The majority of catchments showed storm recession half-times in the order of a day, with more rapid drainage in dry catchments. Overland and channel travel time did not appear to be an important driver of storm flow recession. A storm runoff model with two free parameters (one related to storm event size, the other to antecedent baseflow and a fixed initial loss of 12 mm provided the optimal model structure. The optimal model had some features similar to the Soil Conservation Service Curve Number technique, but performed an average 12 to 19% better. The non-linear relationship between event rainfall and event runoff may be associated with saturated area expansion during storms and/or the relationship between storm event size and peak rainfall intensity. Antecedent baseflow was a strong predictor of runoff response. A simple conceptual relationship between groundwater storage and saturated catchment area proved adequate and produced realistic estimates of saturated area of <0.1% for the driest and >5% for the wettest catchments.

  7. Selecting appropriate bedding to reduce locomotion problems in broilers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ICL Almeida Paz

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Two experiments were carried out at the Poultry Sector of the School of Agrarian Sciences of the Federal University of Grande Dourados to evaluate the incidence of leg problems in broilers reared on two distinct types of bedding material: rice husks or wood shavings, both new and reused. In both trials, a randomized experimental design was applied in factorial arrangement (2 x 2 x 2 using two genetic strains (Cobb® or Ross®; two sexes (male or female, and two litter materials (rice husks or wood shavings. In each trial 1080 one day pullets were reared equally divided in the treatments. The birds were placed in 4.5 m² boxes at a density of 10 birds m-2. All birds were fed diets with equal nutritional density, and water was offered ad libitum. Feeds were divided in three phases: starter diet (1 - 21 days, grower diet (22 - 35 days, and finisher diet (36 - 45 days. On day 45, fifty birds were randomly selected in each experiment to evaluate flock leg problems. The following parameters were analyzed: gait score, incidence of valgus and varus disorder, footpad dermatitis, femoral degeneration, tibial dyschondroplasia, and spondylolisthesis. Ambient temperature during rearing and litter caking and moisture content were recorded in four boxes per treatment. The analytical hierarchy process was used to organize the data into specific criteria. Several criteria, related to the attributes that were determinant according to the statistical analysis, were chosen in order to provide the best input to the process. Results indicated that new wood-shavings bedding was the most appropriate bedding to prevent locomotion problems, followed by new rice husks, reused wood shavings, and reused rice husks. However, when leg problems were associated to sex and genetic strain, male Ross birds strain presented less problems when reared on new rice husks, followed by new wood shavings

  8. Fluxes of radiocesium to milk and appropriate countermeasures

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Radiocesium contamination of milk persists in some areas of Belarus, Ukraine and Russian Federation which received fallout from the Chernobyl accident. In general, effective countermeasures have been used which ensure that radiocesium activity concentrations in milk from collective farms does not exceed intervention limits. However, farming practices differ greatly between the large collective farms, and the small, family operated private farms which are responsible for a major part of the food consumed in many rural areas. As a result of comparative low rate of use of fertilizers and utilization of poor quality land 137Cs activity concentrations in milk from family-owned cows continues to exceed intervention limits in some areas. It is therefore important to be able reliably to quantify the rates of transfer of 137Cs to private milk, so that all areas where persistent problems occur are identified, and appropriate countermeasure strategies applied. Where there is considerable variation, within a few km2, in both soil type and deposition, the 137Cs content of private milk is highly variable. However, combining information about soil type, transfer rates for each major soil type, deposition, pasture size and grazing strategies can be a useful method of quantifying transfer of radiocesium to milk. Geographical information systems provide a promising new tool to integrate these factors. Effective Countermeasures are available to reduce radiocesium transfer to private milk. Private farmers are more sceptical of such methods than the scientists, administrators and agriculturalists in their society, particularly those methods involving the use of chemical additives given to their animals. Increased information efforts on the local level appears to be a prerequisite for a successful implementation of necessary Countermeasures

  9. Technology and healthcare costs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kumar R

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Medicine in the 21 st century is increasingly dependent on technology. Unlike in many other areas, the cost of medical technology is not declining and its increasing use contributes to the spiraling healthcare costs. Many medical professionals equate progress in medicine to increasing use of sophisticated technology that is often expensive and beyond the reach of the average citizen. Pediatric heart care is very technology-intensive and therefore very expensive and beyond the reach of the vast majority of children in the developing world. There is an urgent need to address this situation through development and use of appropriate technology in accordance with the needs and priorities of the society. A number of simple and inexpensive quality measures that have the potential of improving outcomes substantially without the need for expensive equipment should be instituted before embracing high-end technology. Innovations to reduce costs that are commonly used in limited resource environments should be tested systematically.

  10. Development or Deployment of 'Grid-Appropriate' Reactors for the Global Nuclear Energy Partnership

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The world energy demand is expected to nearly double by 2030, largely driven by rapidly increasing demand in the developing parts of the world. Many of the countries that will experience the greatest growth in energy demand have little or no current nuclear power experience and have significant constraints on the size and type of power plant that can be accommodated. Although a few reactor vendors are beginning to address this market need, most traditional vendors continue to offer only very large nuclear power plants with capacities exceeding 1500 MWe per unit. The Global Nuclear Energy Partnership (GNEP), which was initiated in the United States and now includes a partnership of 20 countries, seeks to facilitate the large-scale global growth in nuclear power. Within the GNEP program, the 'grid-appropriate' reactors (GAR) campaign has been initiated to coordinate and facilitate the development, demonstration, and deployment of reactor designs that are better suited for those countries that need or prefer smaller power plant capacities. The GNEP/GAR program addresses the full spectrum of issues for the deployment of new reactor designs to new nuclear power countries, including: reactor technology and engineering, licensing and regulatory impacts, and infrastructure needs (physical, workforce, and institutional). Initially, the program is focused on meeting the current global demand for small or medium-sized reactors using demonstrated technologies. The program will also address the development of new reactor technologies that will further enhance the safety, security, and proliferation resistance of future designs. International collaborations are being established to: (1) develop suitable requirements and criteria for GAR designs, (2) conduct R and D for longer-term reactor technologies and innovative designs, and (3) assisting new nuclear power countries in assessing their infrastructure needs. The status of these activities will be presented and future program

  11. Les forums de fans chinois des films français: une expérience d'appropriation collective, personnelle et internationale de films cultes

    OpenAIRE

    Zhou, Yu

    2014-01-01

    Dans le contexte actuel de globalisation et de développement des nouvelles technologies, notamment internet, les modes d'appropriation des œuvres culturelles sont devenus de plus en plus faciles mais aussi variés et complexes. Cet article traite des modes d'appropriation des films français en Chine, et étudie les deux sous-forums des films Le Fabuleux destin d'Amélie Poulain et de La grande vadrouille sur Tieba. Les fans manifestent une série de caractéristiques dans l'appropriation des films...

  12. Ethical Considerations in Technology Transfer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Froehlich, Thomas J.

    1991-01-01

    Examines ethical considerations involved in the transfer of appropriate information technology to less developed countries. Approaches to technology are considered; two philosophical frameworks for studying ethical considerations are discussed, i.e., the Kantian approach and the utilitarian perspective by John Stuart Mill; and integration of the…

  13. Selection of an appropriately simple storm runoff model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. I. J. M. van Dijk

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available An appropriately simple event runoff model for catchment hydrological studies was derived. The model was selected from several variants as having the optimum balance between simplicity and the ability to explain daily observations of streamflow from 260 Australian catchments (23–1902 km2. Event rainfall and runoff were estimated from the observations through a combination of baseflow separation and storm flow recession analysis, producing a storm flow recession coefficient (kQF. Various model structures with up to six free parameters were investigated, covering most of the equations applied in existing lumped catchment models. The performance of alternative structures and free parameters were expressed in Aikake's Final Prediction Error Criterion (FPEC and corresponding Nash-Sutcliffe model efficiencies (NSME for event runoff totals. For each model variant, the number of free parameters was reduced in steps based on calculated parameter sensitivity. The resulting optimal model structure had two or three free parameters; the first describing the non-linear relationship between event rainfall and runoff (Smax, the second relating runoff to antecedent groundwater storage (CSg, and a third that described initial rainfall losses (Li, but which could be set at 8 mm without affecting model performance too much. The best three parameter model produced a median NSME of 0.64 and outperformed, for example, the Soil Conservation Service Curve Number technique (median NSME 0.30–0.41. Parameter estimation in ungauged catchments is likely to be challenging: 64% of the variance in kQF among stations could be explained by catchment climate indicators and spatial correlation, but corresponding numbers were a modest 45% for CSg, 21% for Smax and none for Li, respectively. In gauged catchments, better

  14. Annual Status Report on Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) 2013

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Haensel, G.; Roeser, F.; Hoehne, N. [Ecofys, Utrecht (Netherlands); Van Tilburg, X.; Cameron, L. [ECN Policy Studies, Amsterdam (Netherlands)] (eds.)

    2013-11-15

    results of an online survey that collected respondents' considerations taken when designing and implementing NAMAs and elements perceived as key in operationalising a NAMA registry. UNEP Risoe Centre reflects on the linkages between lowcarbon development strategies, nationally appropriate mitigation actions and measuring, reporting and verification processes. The Overseas Environmental Cooperation Center (OECC) reflects on domestic institutional arrangement instead as essential elements in the development, coordination and implementation of NAMAs and their MRV. The contribution of the World Resources Institute (WRI) seeks to unpack MRV needs for estimating the greenhouse gas emissions reductions associated with NAMAs, as well as existing resources available to assist countries. The NAMA Facility presents an overview of its objectives, governance structure and selection and implementation procedures for NAMA support projects.

  15. Sensemaking in Technology-Use Mediation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bansler, Jørgen P.; Havn, Erling C.

    2006-01-01

    Understanding how people in organizations appropriate and adapt groupware technologies to local contexts of use is a key issue for CSCW research, since it is critical to the success of these technologies. In this paper, we argue that the appropriation and adaptation of groupware and other types of...... advanced CSCW technologies is basically a problem of sensemaking. We analyze how a group of “technology-use mediators” (Orlikowski et al. Org. Sci. (1995) 6(4), 423) in a large, multinational company adapted a groupware technology (a “virtual workspace”) to the local organizational context (and vice versa......) by modifying features of the technology, providing ongoing support for users, and promoting appropriate conventions of use. Our findings corroborate earlier research on technology-use mediation, which suggests that such mediators can exert considerable influence on how a particular technology will be...

  16. Ethics Camp: The Appropriate Management Model for Northeastern Region Youth, Ecclesiastical Region 9

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wongsathit Wisupee

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: Youth’s ethics tended to be a continuous increased problem and they were in their age without judgment. Youths were very important for national development in future, if their problems were not urgently solved it would overall effect to way of live in their families, communities, socials and Thailand. Approach: This research aimed to study backgrounds, current conditions, problems on management and the appropriate management model of Ethics Camp for the Northeastern Region Youth, Ecclesiastical Region 9. The study was a qualitative research conducted in 4 provinces 1 place of the Northeastern Region Youth, Ecclesiastical Region 9 and Thailand. Observation form, survey form, interview form, focus group discussion and study shop were used as research tools. Triangulation was used to test all data and data was analyzed by descriptive research. Results: The result founded that the background in overall of 4 places were began by making study trips of directors or lecturing monks at famous camp and they, later, brought those models back to establish ethics camps in their own provinces. For current conditions and problems, it was found that; in aspect of personnel-there was lacking of competent personnel, in aspect of budget-there was lacking of budget for expenses, in aspect of material-some place had old and damaged equipments, in aspect of management-there was not enough budget for long-term training and also lacking of lecturing monks, in aspect of marketing-there was lacking of public relation and distinct documents of courses and in aspect of technological innovation-lecturing monks had no knowledge to produce modern technological media. For appropriate management model, it was found that; in aspect of personnel-camp directors should have wide and long vision, intelligence, perseverance, honesty and human relation while lecturing monks must be professional; in aspect of budget-charges for any expenses should be depended on

  17. A Study on Appropriate Measures Against In-and-out Nuclear Environmental Changes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To derive appropriate measures against current issues in Korea nuclear community, nuclear senior's forum meetings have been held several times during the study year 2009. Some key issues have been discussed among nuclear seniors including persons in charge of many nuclear organizations, and opinion leaders. Followings are discussed issues and the relevant measures: - To pre-occupy the world market of nuclear power generation following arrangements are essential: diversifying trade commodities, developing export business models, privatising the nuclear industrial organization, simplifying nuclear export window, and putting the retired nuclear scientists to practical use. - To develop future nuclear systems the following arrangements are required: Setting-up detailed milestones, amending the ROK-US nuclear cooperation agreement so as to enable R and D company relations between the two countries, and securing R and D fund as well as a site available for verification of the future nuclear system technology. - To rectify the future nuclear cooperation agreement viable between ROK and US, it would be essential to some basic achievements in pyro-processing technology, and on such a firm ground a strategic cooperation proposal might be effective in line with negotiation between the programmatic prior-consent and the joint determination. - For the effective way of attaining public acceptance, development of creative communication model reflecting the nation's cultural characteristics is required as well as procurement of reliability in communication. These derived policy related measures would be useful for the future nuclear policy development in this country

  18. ‘Machinic Trajectories’: Appropriated Devices as Post-Digital Drawing Machines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andres Wanner

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This article presents a series of works called Machinic Trajectories, consisting of domestic devices appropriated as mechanical drawing machines. These are contextualized within the post-digital discourse, which integrates messy analog conditions into the digital realm. The role of eliciting and examining glitches for investigating a technology is pointed out. Glitches are defined as short-lived, unpremeditated aesthetic results of a failure; they are mostly known as digital phenomena, but I argue that the concept is equally applicable to the output of mechanical machines. Three drawing machines will be presented: The Opener, The Mixer and The Ventilator. In analyzing their drawings, emergent patterns consisting of unpremeditated visual artifacts will be identified and connected to irregularities of the specific technologies. Several other artists who work with mechanical and robotic drawing machines are introduced, to situate the presented works and reflections in a larger context of practice and to investigate how glitch concepts are applicable to such mechanical systems. 

  19. Mitigation and adaptation cost assessment: Concepts, methods and appropriate use

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The present report on mitigation and adaptation costs addresses the complex issue of identifying synergies and tradeoffs between national priorities and mitigation policies, an issue that requires the integration of various disciplines so as to provide a comprehensive overview of future development trends, available technologies and economic policies. Further, the report suggests a new conceptual framework for treating the social aspects in assessing mitigation and adaptation costs in climate change studies. The impacts of certain sustainability indicators such as employment and poverty reduction on mitigation costing are also discussed in the report. Among the topics to be considered by over 120 distinguished international experts, are the elements of costing methodologies at both the micro and macro levels. Special effort will be made to include the impacts of such parameters as income, equity, poverty, employment and trade. Hence, the contents of this report are highly relevant to the authors of the Third Working Group in the development of the TAR. The report contains a chapter on Special Issues and Problems Related to Cost Assessment for Developing Countries. This chapter will provide valuable background in the further development of these concepts in the TAR because it is an area that has not received due attention in previous work. (au)

  20. Mitigation and adaptation cost assessment: Concepts, methods and appropriate use

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-12-31

    The present report on mitigation and adaptation costs addresses the complex issue of identifying synergies and tradeoffs between national priorities and mitigation policies, an issue that requires the integration of various disciplines so as to provide a comprehensive overview of future development trends, available technologies and economic policies. Further, the report suggests a new conceptual framework for treating the social aspects in assessing mitigation and adaptation costs in climate change studies. The impacts of certain sustainability indicators such as employment and poverty reduction on mitigation costing are also discussed in the report. Among the topics to be considered by over 120 distinguished international experts, are the elements of costing methodologies at both the micro and macro levels. Special effort will be made to include the impacts of such parameters as income, equity, poverty, employment and trade. Hence, the contents of this report are highly relevant to the authors of the Third Working Group in the development of the TAR. The report contains a chapter on Special Issues and Problems Related to Cost Assessment for Developing Countries. This chapter will provide valuable background in the further development of these concepts in the TAR because it is an area that has not received due attention in previous work. (au)

  1. Annual Status Report on Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) 2012

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Haensel, G.; Roeser, F.; Hoehne, N. [Ecofys, Utrecht (Netherlands); Van Tilburg, X.; Cameron, L. [ECN Policy Studies, Amsterdam (Netherlands)] (eds.)

    2012-11-15

    The development of Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) has increased significantly over the last few years. The flexibility of the NAMA mechanism is widely regarded as an opportunity to deliver benefits that go far beyond greenhouse gas (GHG) emission reductions. Many developing countries are developing pilot NAMAs that deliver important insights into the challenges of, and opportunities for, NAMA development from a national perspective. A few countries are already a step ahead and experiences gained from pilot NAMA development are feeding into the formulation of national climate change policies in which NAMAs are becoming a key element. To maintain the momentum in NAMA development, clear signs at the international level are needed that developed countries will follow through with their financial commitments made under the Copenhagen Accord. Without this financial support, NAMAs will not be able to realise their full potential and induce transformational change. The Annual Status Report on NAMAs 2012 is a continuation of previously published NAMA Status Reports. The report presents an overview of the state of play of NAMAs and of support activities for NAMA development and implementation. A new feature of the Annual Status Report on NAMAs 2012 is that it is produced as a joint effort by several organizations that are closely involved in analysing and supporting NAMA development processes worldwide. The Annual Status Report on NAMAs 2012 is written by authors from Ecofys, the Energy research Centre of the Netherlands, the Center of Clean Air Policy (CCAP), the World Resources Institute (WRI) and Deutsche Gesellschaft fuer Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ). In the section on 'Selected contributions on NAMAs', each organization discusses a specific topic of interest in relation to NAMA development that is closely related to their current NAMA activities or that is expected to provide 'food for thought' on potential ways forward for

  2. Skateboards as a mobile technology

    OpenAIRE

    Hauser, Sabrina; Desjardins, Audrey; Wakkary, Ron

    2013-01-01

    Grounded in investigations of everyday design, this study explores the appropriative, creative, and adaptive practice of skateboarding as a way to reveal a new perspective on mobile technology and their influence on mobility. We describe how skateboarding, a technology seen as an embodied practice, encourages practitioners to engage with the environment and thereby changes their mobility, even though the technology requires extensive practice and is not easy to use. Comparing these aspects to...

  3. Technology '90

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1991-01-01

    The US Department of Energy (DOE) laboratories have a long history of excellence in performing research and development in a number of areas, including the basic sciences, applied-energy technology, and weapons-related technology. Although technology transfer has always been an element of DOE and laboratory activities, it has received increasing emphasis in recent years as US industrial competitiveness has eroded and efforts have increased to better utilize the research and development resources the laboratories provide. This document, Technology '90, is the latest in a series that is intended to communicate some of the many opportunities available for US industry and universities to work with the DOE and its laboratories in the vital activity of improving technology transfer to meet national needs. Technology '90 is divided into three sections: Overview, Technologies, and Laboratories. The Overview section describes the activities and accomplishments of the DOE research and development program offices. The Technologies section provides descriptions of new technologies developed at the DOE laboratories. The Laboratories section presents information on the missions, programs, and facilities of each laboratory, along with a name and telephone number of a technology transfer contact for additional information. Separate papers were prepared for appropriate sections of this report.

  4. Transmission media appropriate laser-microwave solar power satellite system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schäfer, C. A.; Gray, D.

    2012-10-01

    assessed. It was found that the design of the high altitude receiver and the means of transporting the received power through the lower 21 km of the atmosphere are inextricably linked. It was concluded that an initial small scale low-cost demonstration flight of the receiver that delivers power using existing technology could be undertaken in the near future.

  5. Developing Criteria for Lumbar Spine Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI Using RAND Appropriateness Method (RAM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Atefeh Esfandiari

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Studies show that a large proportion of healthcare offered may be inappropriate or unnecessary. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI is a new and expensive diagnostic technology which has been increasingly used all over the world. Moreover, this trend has been more rapidly increasing in Iran. Low back pain is a common disorder all over the world and MRI technique is one of the several ways to assess its cause.Objectives: The present study aims to develop scenarios for lumbar spine MRI.Materials and Methods: In the present study, the RAND Appropriateness Method (RAM was used in order to reach consensus regarding developing scenarios for lumbar spine MRI. We generated scenarios from valid clinical guidelines as well as the experts’ opinion. The panel members included nine specialists from various medical specialties that had scored scenarios in two rounds, the first of which was without interaction, while the second one was with interaction.Results: We extracted 97 scenarios for the lumbar spine MRI in the scenario extracting phase of the study and the panel members added 18 scenarios. After implementation of two rounds, the scenarios were categorized into three ranges. Sixty seven (58% of the scenarios were considered as appropriate, 45 (39% as uncertain, and three (2.6% as inappropriate.Conclusions: RAM is useful for identifying stakeholder views in settings with limited resources. Since RAM has precise instructions for consensus developing, a large number of scenarios were considered as uncertain. Therefore, more research has to be conducted on the issue.Keywords: Lumbar Vertebrae,Magnetic Resonance Imaging,RAND, RAM,Clinical Scenario

  6. Art and Appropriation – when does artistic freedom become copyright infringement?

    OpenAIRE

    Lubna , Arielle Gem; Mabb, David

    2011-01-01

    Art and Appropriation – when does artistic freedom become copyright infringement? Artist David Mabb considers works in his practice, including a run-in with Magnum Photos and appropriating the work of William Morris.

  7. Ways to Develop College Students’Awareness of Appropriateness in Oral Communication

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李晓莉

    2014-01-01

    Appropriateness is very important in oral communication. By analyzing the problems in oral communication, this arti-cle puts forward some efficient ways to raise college students’awareness of appropriateness in oral communication.

  8. Characterization, monitoring, and sensor technology crosscutting program: Technology summary

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-06-01

    The purpose of the Characterization, Monitoring, and Sensor Technology Crosscutting Program (CMST-CP) is to deliver appropriate characterization, monitoring, and sensor technology (CMST) to the Office of Waste Management (EM-30), the Office of Environmental Restoration (EM-40), and the Office of Facility Transition and Management (EM-60). The technology development must also be cost effective and appropriate to EM-30/40/60 needs. Furthermore, the required technologies must be delivered and implemented when needed. Accordingly, and to ensure that available DOE and other national resources are focused an the most pressing needs, management of the technology development is concentrated on the following Focus Areas: Contaminant Plume Containment and Remediation (PFA); Landfill Stabilization (LSFA); High-Level Waste Tank Remediation (TFA); Mixed Waste Characterization, Treatment, and Disposal (MWFA); and Facility Deactivation, Decommissioning, and Material Disposition (FDDMDFA). Brief descriptions of CMST-CP projects funded in FY95 are presented.

  9. Characterization, monitoring, and sensor technology crosscutting program: Technology summary

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of the Characterization, Monitoring, and Sensor Technology Crosscutting Program (CMST-CP) is to deliver appropriate characterization, monitoring, and sensor technology (CMST) to the Office of Waste Management (EM-30), the Office of Environmental Restoration (EM-40), and the Office of Facility Transition and Management (EM-60). The technology development must also be cost effective and appropriate to EM-30/40/60 needs. Furthermore, the required technologies must be delivered and implemented when needed. Accordingly, and to ensure that available DOE and other national resources are focused an the most pressing needs, management of the technology development is concentrated on the following Focus Areas: Contaminant Plume Containment and Remediation (PFA); Landfill Stabilization (LSFA); High-Level Waste Tank Remediation (TFA); Mixed Waste Characterization, Treatment, and Disposal (MWFA); and Facility Deactivation, Decommissioning, and Material Disposition (FDDMDFA). Brief descriptions of CMST-CP projects funded in FY95 are presented

  10. The Appropriation of Collaborative Learning : Qualitative Insights from a Flipped Classroom

    OpenAIRE

    Janson, Andreas; Söllner, Matthias; Leimeister, Jan Marco

    2016-01-01

    Collaborative learning is an important part of innovative learning scenarios such as flipped classrooms. However, little insights are available regarding the appropriation process of collaborative learning. Based on adaptive structuration theory, we derive insights on the appropriation process of collaborative learning by means of a qualitative approach. The results show that appropriation is characterized by initial appropriation and task-related discussions. Moreover, an analysis of the ide...

  11. LA PRE-APPROPRIATION D'UN OUTIL DE GESTION A L'HOPITAL

    OpenAIRE

    Lemaire, Célia; Nobre, Thierry

    2013-01-01

    This research analyzes pre-appropriation phase of a management tool introduction process referred to as "benchmarking" in a health care facility, from a participant-observation method. The research first presents a chronological analysis of the pre-appropriation stages, followed by an analysis by stakeholder. The dominant perspective of the pre-appropriation is socio-political, yet other dimensions are also identified. This research helps to better understand the phase of pre-appropriation, w...

  12. Tensions Between the Resource Damage and the Private Benefits of Appropriation in the Commons

    OpenAIRE

    Blanco, Esther; Lopez, Maria Claudia; Walker, James M.

    2013-01-01

    This study examines appropriation decisions in a linear appropriation game setting with variations in the resource damage from appropriation and simultaneous variations in the resource damage and the opportunity cost of conservation, where the ratio of these two variables is held constant. In symmetric and asymmetric group contexts, subjects make decisions without feedback from a menu of seven decision situations. In summary, individual appropriation levels are found to be inversely correlate...

  13. 20 CFR 404.1537 - What we mean by appropriate treatment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false What we mean by appropriate treatment. 404... DISABILITY INSURANCE (1950- ) Determining Disability and Blindness Medical Considerations § 404.1537 What we mean by appropriate treatment. By appropriate treatment, we mean treatment for drug addiction...

  14. 20 CFR 416.937 - What we mean by appropriate treatment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false What we mean by appropriate treatment. 416.937 Section 416.937 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION SUPPLEMENTAL SECURITY INCOME... § 416.937 What we mean by appropriate treatment. By appropriate treatment, we mean treatment for...

  15. 29 CFR 103.30 - Appropriate bargaining units in the health care industry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Appropriate bargaining units in the health care industry. 103.30 Section 103.30 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS BOARD OTHER RULES Appropriate Bargaining Units § 103.30 Appropriate bargaining units in the health care industry. (a)...

  16. 41 CFR 101-39.102-1 - Records, facilities, personnel, and appropriations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ..., personnel, and appropriations. 101-39.102-1 Section 101-39.102-1 Public Contracts and Property Management... appropriations. (a) If GSA decides to establish a fleet management system, GSA, with the assistance of the..., personnel, and appropriations, if any, that are proposed for transfer to the fleet management system....

  17. 78 FR 71023 - Determination Under the Foreign Operations, and Related Programs Appropriations Act

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-27

    ... Determination Under the Foreign Operations, and Related Programs Appropriations Act Determination Pursuant to Section 7041(a)(1)(C) of the Department of State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 2012 (DIV. I, Pub. L. 112-74) as Carried Forward by the Full Year Continuing Appropriations...

  18. 78 FR 66841 - Israel Loan Guarantees Issued Under the Emergency Wartime Supplemental Appropriations Act of 2003...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-07

    ... Appropriations Act of 2003--Standard Terms and Conditions AGENCY: Agency for International Development (USAID... behalf of the State of Israel. Pursuant to the Emergency Wartime Supplemental Appropriations Act of 2003...-216-3055. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Pursuant to the Emergency Wartime Supplemental Appropriations...

  19. 3 CFR - Assignment of Reporting Functions Under the Supplemental Appropriations Act, 2009

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Supplemental Appropriations Act, 2009 Presidential Documents Other Presidential Documents Memorandum of July 17, 2009 Assignment of Reporting Functions Under the Supplemental Appropriations Act, 2009 Memorandum for... Supplemental Appropriations Act, 2009 (Public Law 111-32), as follows: 1. To the Attorney General, of...

  20. 32 CFR 644.477 - Civil works property-reimbursement of appropriation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... appropriation. 644.477 Section 644.477 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY... the Related Land) § 644.477 Civil works property—reimbursement of appropriation. Under title 33... credited to the appropriation for the work for which the property was acquired. Buildings or...

  1. 40 CFR 35.910-9 - Allotment of Fiscal Year 1978 appropriation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Allotment of Fiscal Year 1978 appropriation. 35.910-9 Section 35.910-9 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GRANTS AND... Water Act § 35.910-9 Allotment of Fiscal Year 1978 appropriation. (a) Public Law 95-240 appropriated...

  2. Health care technology assessment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goodman, Clifford

    1994-12-01

    The role of technology in the cost of health care is a primary issue in current debates concerning national health care reform. The broad scope of studies for understanding technological impacts is known as technology assessment. Technology policy makers can improve their decision making by becoming more aware, and taking greater advantage, of key trends in health care technology assessment (HCTA). HCTA is the systematic evaluation of the properties, impacts, and other attributes of health care technologies, including: technical performance; clinical safety and efficacy/effectiveness; cost-effectiveness and other economic attributes; appropriate circumstances/indications for use; and social, legal, ethical, and political impacts. The main purpose of HCTA is to inform technology-related policy making in health care. Among the important trends in HCTA are: (1) proliferation of HCTA groups in the public and private sectors; (2) higher standards for scientific evidence concerning technologies; (3) methodological development in cost analyses, health-related quality of life measurement, and consolidation of available scientific evidence (e.g., meta-analysis); (4) emphasis on improved data on how well technologies work in routine practice and for traditionally under-represented patient groups; (5) development of priority-setting methods; (6) greater reliance on medical informatics to support and disseminate HCTA findings.

  3. Potentiel et obstacles à l’appropriation d’un parcours de formation « hybride »

    OpenAIRE

    Assude, Teresa

    2012-01-01

    Pairform@nce est un dispositif de formation « hybride » qui vise le développement de compétences professionnelles des enseignants concernant les usages des technologies de l’information et de la communication en éducation (TICE). Quel est le potentiel de tels parcours de formation ? Quels sont les conditions et les obstacles à leur appropriation ? Ces deux questions seront abordées par l’analyse de quatre de tels parcours et en prenant le point de vue des acteurs (enseignants et formateurs)....

  4. Harwell directory of technology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Directory of Technology series of leaflets (10 in this folder) provides comprehensive information on the research and development facilities and expertise available at the Harwell laboratory of the United Kingdom Atomic Energy Authority. Each leaflet covers a field of technology and lists the Business Centres and related customer services offered. The leaflets are Process and Chemical Engineering Technology, Materials Technology, Evaluation and Monitoring Techniques and Instrumentation, Computing Science and Applications, Environmental, Medical and Analytical Sciences, Nuclear Engineering, Reactor Materials Behaviour and Safety Research, Radioactive Waste Management and Disposal, Nuclear Fuels Processing and Isotopes, Major Nuclear research and development facilities. There is a cross-referenced index which provides information to enable contact to be made with the appropriate business centre manager. (U.K.)

  5. Appropriating "malaria": local responses to malaria treatment and prevention in Abidjan, Cote d'Ivoire.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Granado, Stefanie; Manderson, Lenore; Obrist, Brigit; Tanner, Marcel

    2011-01-01

    A continuing dilemma for medical and public health professionals is the apparent lack of fit between global and local knowledge systems and technologies. This is illustrated in relationship to malaria, with implications in the management of the disease. Ethnographic research was conducted from 2003-2005 in urban Abidjan, Cote d'Ivoire, on community understandings of malaria and the relationship of this to its prevention and control. Malaria is referred to locally as palu, reflecting the incorporation of malaria into a local illness taxonomy. Although the labeling of malaria-related symptoms as palu has wide currency, preventive measures such as bed nets, as advocated by public health authorities, have not been accepted readily or evenly. Drawing on theoretical understandings of the introduction, transfer, and appropriation of concepts and material objects, we examine the processes of localization in relation to malaria in Abidjan, and in doing so, highlight the challenges for health professionals seeking to scale-up public health interventions. PMID:21218358

  6. Providing hope in terminal cancer: when is it appropriate and when is it not?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Toh, Han Chong

    2011-01-01

    Hope is essential in the face of terminal cancer. Generally in Western societies, patients and their families prefer their doctor to engage them in transparent, realistic, authoritative, empathic and open communication about the diagnosis and prognosis of cancer but this topic is not well studied in the Asian context. With the exponential increase in information about cancer and the many permutations in cancer treatment, rational and otherwise, the doctor-patient relationship is even more critical in planning the best treatment strategy and also in rendering both particular and general hope in the patient's war against cancer. Overall, the majority of drugs tested against cancer have failed to reach the market, and those that have, only provide modest benefits, several major therapeutic breakthroughs notwithstanding. Commoditised medicalisation of the dying process ingrained into the contemporary consciousness can potentially create unrealistic or false hope, therapeutic nihilism and a drain on the resources of both the patient and society. These factors can also detract from the dignity of dying as an acceptable natural process. Hope cannot be confined only to focusing merely on the existential dimension of improving survival through technological intervention. Psychosocial and, where appropriate, spiritual interventions and support also play major roles in relieving suffering and providing hope to the patient. Hope cannot be a victim of misinformation from self-interested external parties, nor be an obsession with just buying promises of extending survival time without sufficient regard for quality of life and achieving a good death. PMID:21369633

  7. Selecting appropriate energy efficiency indicators for the Thai Energy Conservation Promotion Programme. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Eichhammer, W.; Gruber, E.; Cremer, C.

    2000-06-01

    In 1992 the Thai Government passed the Energy Conservation Promotion (ECP) Act to improve energy efficiency in Thai industry and commerce. The Thai-German Energy Efficiency Promotion Project (ENEP) is supporting the Department of Energy Development and Promotion (DEDP) in its effort to implement the Energy Conservation Program for large buildings and designated factories. About 4000 buildings and factories under the Compulsory Program, have to report every 6 months their energy consumption data to DEDP. Every 3 years energy audits have to be conducted by registered energy consultants, to identify energy saving opportunities, to set saving targets and to recommend energy conservation measures. Investments in energy efficient technologies are subsidized from an Energy Conservation Fund. Data from the energy consumption reports and the energy audit reports are collected in DEDP's database for further processing. The database is structured according to the Thai Standard Industrial Classification. In order to exploit the wealth of information provided by the auditing procedure the objective of the present work carried out by the consultant FhG-ISI for DEDP/BERC on behalf of the German Gesellschaft fuer Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ) was to recommend an appropriate set of energy efficiency indicators. This indicator set should allow DEDP to extract from the energy consumption reports, energy audit reports and other sources, useful statistical information to monitor and improve energy efficiency in Thailand. (orig.)

  8. Improved Synthesis Strategy for Peptide Nucleic Acids (PNA) appropriate for Cell-specific Fluorescence Imaging

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pipkorn, Rüdiger; Wiessler, Manfred; Waldeck, Waldemar; Hennrich, Ute; Nokihara, Kiyoshi; Beining, Marcel; Braun, Klaus

    2012-01-01

    Progress in genomics and proteomics attended to the door for better understanding the recent rapid expanding complex research field of metabolomics. This trend in biomedical research increasingly focuses to the development of patient-specific therapeutic approaches with higher efficiency and sustainability. Simultaneously undesired adverse reactions are avoided. In parallel, the development of molecules for molecular imaging is required not only for the imaging of morphological structures but also for the imaging of metabolic processes like the aberrant expression of the cysteine protease cathepsin B (CtsB) gene and the activity of the resulting product associated with metastasis and invasiveness of malign tumors. Finally the objective is to merge imaging and therapy at the same level. The design of molecules which fulfil these responsibilities is pivotal and requires proper chemical methodologies. In this context our modified solid phase peptide chemistry using temperature shifts during synthesis is considered as an appropriate technology. We generated highly variable conjugates which consist of molecules useful as diagnostically and therapeutically active molecules. As an example the modular PNA products with the complementary sequence to the CtsB mRNA and additionally with a cathepsin B cleavage site had been prepared as functional modules for distinction of cell lines with different CtsB gene expression. After ligation to the modular peptide-based BioShuttle carrier, which was utilized to facilitate the delivery of the functional modules into the cells' cytoplasm, the modules were scrutinized. PMID:22211082

  9. Bridging the Gap of Standardized Animals Models for Blast Neurotrauma: Methodology for Appropriate Experimental Testing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    VandeVord, Pamela J; Leonardi, Alessandra Dal Cengio; Ritzel, David

    2016-01-01

    Recent military combat has heightened awareness to the complexity of blast-related traumatic brain injuries (bTBI). Experiments using animal, cadaver, or biofidelic physical models remain the primary measures to investigate injury biomechanics as well as validate computational simulations, medical diagnostics and therapies, or protection technologies. However, blast injury research has seen a range of irregular and inconsistent experimental methods for simulating blast insults generating results which may be misleading, cannot be cross-correlated between laboratories, or referenced to any standard for exposure. Both the US Army Medical Research and Materiel Command and the National Institutes of Health have noted that there is a lack of standardized preclinical models of TBI. It is recommended that the blast injury research community converge on a consistent set of experimental procedures and reporting of blast test conditions. This chapter describes the blast conditions which can be recreated within a laboratory setting and methodology for testing in vivo models within the appropriate environment. PMID:27604715

  10. Improved Synthesis Strategy for Peptide Nucleic Acids (PNA appropriate for Cell-specific Fluorescence Imaging

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rüdiger Pipkorn, Manfred Wiessler, Waldemar Waldeck, Ute Hennrich, Kiyoshi Nokihara, Marcel Beining, Klaus Braun

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Progress in genomics and proteomics attended to the door for better understanding the recent rapid expanding complex research field of metabolomics. This trend in biomedical research increasingly focuses to the development of patient-specific therapeutic approaches with higher efficiency and sustainability. Simultaneously undesired adverse reactions are avoided. In parallel, the development of molecules for molecular imaging is required not only for the imaging of morphological structures but also for the imaging of metabolic processes like the aberrant expression of the cysteine protease cathepsin B (CtsB gene and the activity of the resulting product associated with metastasis and invasiveness of malign tumors. Finally the objective is to merge imaging and therapy at the same level. The design of molecules which fulfil these responsibilities is pivotal and requires proper chemical methodologies. In this context our modified solid phase peptide chemistry using temperature shifts during synthesis is considered as an appropriate technology. We generated highly variable conjugates which consist of molecules useful as diagnostically and therapeutically active molecules. As an example the modular PNA products with the complementary sequence to the CtsB mRNA and additionally with a cathepsin B cleavage site had been prepared as functional modules for distinction of cell lines with different CtsB gene expression. After ligation to the modular peptide-based BioShuttle carrier, which was utilized to facilitate the delivery of the functional modules into the cells' cytoplasm, the modules were scrutinized.

  11. The Appropriate Use of Neurostimulation of the Spinal Cord and Peripheral Nervous System for the Treatment of Chronic Pain and Ischemic Diseases : The Neuromodulation Appropriateness Consensus Committee

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Deer, Timothy R.; Mekhail, Nagy; Provenzano, David; Pope, Jason; Krames, Elliot; Leong, Michael; Levy, Robert M.; Abejon, David; Buchser, Eric; Burton, Allen; Buvanendran, Asokumar; Candido, Kenneth; Caraway, David; Cousins, Michael; de Jongste, Micheal; Diwan, Sudhir; Eldabe, Sam; Gatzinsky, Kliment; Foreman, Robert D.; Hayek, Salim; Kim, Philip; Kinfe, Thomas; Kloth, David; Kumar, Krishna; Rizvi, Syed; Lad, Shivanand P.; Liem, Liong; Linderoth, Bengt; Mackey, Sean; McDowell, Gladstone; McRoberts, Porter; Poree, Lawrence; Prager, Joshua; Raso, Lou; Rauck, Richard; Russo, Marc; Simpson, Brian; Slavin, Konstantin; Staats, Peter; Stanton-Hicks, Michael; Verrills, Paul; Wellington, Joshua; Williams, Kayode; North, Richard

    2014-01-01

    Introduction: The Neuromodulation Appropriateness Consensus Committee (NACC) of the International Neuromodulation Society (INS) evaluated evidence regarding the safety and efficacy of neurostimulation to treat chronic pain, chronic critical limb ischemia, and refractory angina and recommended approp

  12. Excursions in technology policy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Archibald, Robert B.

    1995-01-01

    This technical report presents a summary of three distinct projects: (1) Measuring economic benefits; (2) Evaluating the SBIR program; and (3) A model for evaluating changes in support for science and technology. the first project deals with the Technology Applications Group (TAG) at NASA Langley Research Center. The mission of TAG is to assist firms interested in commercializing technologies. TAG is a relatively new group as is the emphasis on technology commercialization for NASA. One problem faced by TAG and similar groups at other centers is measuring their effectiveness. The first project this summer, a paper entitled, 'Measuring the Economic Benefits of Technology Transfer from a National Laboratory: A Primer,' focused on this measurement problem. We found that the existing studies of the impact of technology transfer on the economy were conceptually flawed. The 'primer' outlines the appropriate theoretical framework for measuring the economic benefits of technology transfer. The second project discusses, one of the programs of TAG, the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) program. This program has led to over 400 contracts with Small Business since its inception in 1985. The program has never been evaluated. Crucial questions such as those about the extent of commercial successes from the contracts need to be answered. This summer we designed and implemented a performance evaluation survey instrument. The analysis of the data will take place in the fall. The discussion of the third project focuses on a model for evaluating changes in support for science and technology. At present several powerful forces are combining to change the environment for science and technology policy. The end of the cold war eliminated the rationale for federal support for many projects. The new- found Congressional conviction to balance the budget without tax increases combined with demographic changes which automatically increase spending for some politically popular programs

  13. Appropriate Pupilness

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kofoed, Jette

    2008-01-01

    The analytical focus in this article is on how social categories intersect in daily school life and how intersections intertwine with other empirically relevant categories such as normality, pupilness and (in)appropriatedness. The point of empirical departure is a daily ritual where teams for foo...

  14. CPD Appropriations

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Housing and Urban Development — The datasets are the full-year allocations for HUD's Office of Community Planning and Development (CPD) formula programs: Community Development Block Grants (CDBG);...

  15. Constrained Appropriations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wildermuth, Norbert

    2008-01-01

      A discussion of the contingent character of young Brazilian's media culture is the focus of my contribution's theoretical approach. Thus, while giving recognition to young people's active agency in the creation of media-centred lifestyles and youth cultures, I will seek to demonstrate their pra...

  16. Nuclear Energy Futures: the Appropriation of the 'Atomic Age' in post-war Austria

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    While recent scholarship in Science and Technology Studies and Science and Technology Policy carved out that techno-scientific developments take distinct national styles and shapes, less attention has been payed to such differences in the scholarship on nuclear history in Austria. In the context of the struggles over the non-commissioning of the already completed nuclear power plant at Zwentendorf (1978) and in the aftermath of the reactor explosion in Chernobyl (1986) the formation of a specific technopolitical identity, revolving around the sociotechnical imaginary of keeping nuclear technologies out of Austrian territory, has been observed. At the backdrop of this imaginary the history of nuclear enthusiasm in Austria is only present in narratives about how 'the people' have resisted and rejected the implementation of nuclear technologies in Austria and thus overcome unreasonable promises of the so called atomic age. On the other hand historical scholarship shows that Austria has a long history of nuclear research and nuclear (power) policy that was hardly questioned until the early 1970s. Departing from this discrepancy this master thesis investigates the appropriation of the 'atomic age' in Austria in the mid 1950s. When US President Dwight D. Eisenhower gave his famous Atoms for Peace address in front of the UN General Assembly in late 1953 global nuclear enthusiasm in the immediate post--war era reached a new highpoint. Analyzing the following developments in Austria until late 1955 - of which the formation of an Austrian Commission on Atomic Energy and the participation in the UN Conference on the Peaceful Uses of Atomic Energy are to be considered milestones - thus enables me to observe how the appropriation of the 'atomic age' was deeply entangled with imaginations of national collectivity and different forms of imagining the future. In reference to the broader frameworks of 'appropriating' science and technology in

  17. Functional upgrading, Bargaining Power and Value Appropriation of Emerging Economy Producers

    OpenAIRE

    Pham Thi Song Hanh; Bent Petersen

    2013-01-01

    In order to accrue economic rent a firm not only has to create value for its customers, it must also be capable of appropriating this value. Without possessing value appropriation capabilities the firm is at risk of passing on the created value to its suppliers, customers or competitors. There is ample evidence that emerging economy firms inserted in global value chains generally have difficulties in appropriating the added value they create - either due to a very competitive industry structu...

  18. Interventions to improve the appropriate use of polypharmacy for older people

    OpenAIRE

    Patterson, Susan M; Cadogan, Cathal A.; Kerse, Ngaire; Cardwell, Chris R.; Bradley, Marie C; Ryan, Cristin; Hughes, Carmel

    2014-01-01

    BackgroundInappropriate polypharmacy is a particular concern in older people and is associated with negative health outcomes. Choosing the best interventions to improve appropriate polypharmacy is a priority, hence interest in appropriate polypharmacy, where many medicines may be used to achieve better clinical outcomes for patients, is growing.ObjectivesThis review sought to determine which interventions, alone or in combination, are effective in improving the appropriate use of polypharmacy...

  19. Indigenous Land Rights in Sub-Saharan Africa: Appropriation, Security and Investment Demand

    OpenAIRE

    Sjaastad, E.; Bromley, D.W.

    1996-01-01

    Metadata only record We discuss the links between rights appropriation, tenure security, and investment demand in sub-Saharan Africa. Common assertions regarding indigenous tenure are: (a) insecurity of tenure leads to suboptimal investment incentives; and (b) appropriation of land rights in the public domain in rent-dissipating. We argue that land use and investment decisions among African farmers often have two motives--productivity and rights appropriation. The usual assertions thus see...

  20. Etude des modes d'appropriation de films français en Chine : processus communicationnel de constuction des oeuvres cultes par le public

    OpenAIRE

    Zhou, Yu

    2014-01-01

    Dans le contexte actuel de globalisation et de développement des nouvelles technologies, notamment internet, les modes d’appropriation des œuvres culturelles sont devenus de plus en plus faciles mais aussi variés et complexes. Cette thèse traite des modes d’appropriation des films français en Chine, et étudie trois terrains de recherche : les sous-forums des films Le Fabuleux destin d’Amélie Poulain et de La grande vadrouille sur Tieba et le sous-forum des Cahiers du cinéma sur Douban. Nous a...

  1. Technology and medicine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Booth, C

    1985-05-22

    Technology, which is older than science, has been of vital importance in the development of modern medicine. Even so, there are voices of dissent to be heard. The disenchantment with technology expressed by Aldous Huxley in Brave new world has been echoed by contemporary writers on the technology of modern medicine. Medicine is seen by some to have been dehumanized by technology, and techniques that are expensive are thought to be consuming a greater proportion of health resources than they deserve. The practice of medicine has, nevertheless, been transformed by modern technology and diagnostic techniques and therapeutic measures undreamed of a few short decades ago are now commonplace. There is no reason why these developments should be any more dehumanizing than the use of similar techniques in modern transportation or communication, nor is their expense out of proportion when compared with other demands on the nation's purse. British workers have been at the forefront of many recent advances. Yet, even though the National Health Service provides a ready market for the products of British medical technology, the nation depends to an inordinate degree on imported products. In the development of appropriate medical technology there is an urgent need for better communication between inventors, scientists, industrialists and the National Health Service. At the same time there is an equal need for improved evaluation of untried techniques. The pressure for a central integrating body to coordinate resources could well be supported by the establishment of evaluation units in the different health authorities in this country. PMID:2862631

  2. Assistive Technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Page Resize Text Printer Friendly Online Chat Assistive Technology Assistive technology (AT) is any service or tool that helps ... be difficult or impossible. For older adults, such technology may be a walker to improve mobility or ...

  3. Developing an Enterprise Systems Appropriation Model in the Public Sector: A Case Study of Implementing Payroll System Replacement (PAYSERV) at the New York State Office of the State Comptroller

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kamya, Moses M.

    2009-01-01

    This dissertation examines an enterprise system appropriation process applying structuration theory and adaptive structuration theory (AST). The key research questions are: (1) what structures emerge from the implementation of enterprise information technology (EIT); (2) how do enterprise technologies and existing organization structures influence…

  4. Essential Concepts of Engineering Design Curriculum in Secondary Technology Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wicklein, Robert; Smith, Phillip Cameron, Jr.; Kim, Soo Jung

    2009-01-01

    Technology education is a field of study that seeks to promote technological literacy for all students. Wright and Lauda defined technology education as a program designed to help students "develop an understanding and competence in designing, producing, and using technological products and systems, and in assessing the appropriateness of…

  5. Manual para los Profesores de Ciencias. (Science Teachers' Handbook). Appropriate Technologies for Development Series Reprint R-66.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rao, C. S., Ed.

    Science should not be presented as a collection of facts; it must be presented as an active dynamic subject. It should be used to stimulate young minds and encourage questioning. This is a publication designed to meet the needs of science teachers for a day-to-day reference in science. It was intended for the use of Peace Corps volunteers and…

  6. Preparation for Childbirth. A Health Workers Manual. Appropriate Technologies for Development. Peace Corps Information Collection & Exchange Reprint R-55.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hansen, Miriam; And Others

    This manual was developed to help Peace Corps volunteers who are serving as community health workers in developing nations to teach expectant mothers about pregnancy and childbirth. The material is organized in four sections corresponding to four prenatal classes plus a section on labor and delivery information for health care workers. Some of the…

  7. Reboisement des Terres Arides. (Reforestation in Arid Lands. Manual M5A). Appropriate Technologies for Development Series.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palmer, Virginia C., Ed.

    This is the French translation for a manual which presents some current, state-of-the-art examples of forestry programs in West Africa. It is based on the collective experiences of foresters and of local farmers and herders. Since many of the problems of reforestation of dry areas are the same worldwide, the text (which focuses on the broad…

  8. Soils, Crops and Fertilizer Use. A What, How and Why Guide. Appropriate Technologies for Development. Reprint R-8.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leonard, David

    This manual, prepared for use by Peace Corps volunteers in developing countries, has been designed as an on-the-job reference for soil management and fertilizer use at the small farmer level. It provides information on yield-boosting techniques, especially in the areas of soil conservation, organic and chemical fertilizer use, and the safe and…

  9. Preserving Food by Drying. A Math/Science Teaching Manual. Appropriate Technologies for Development. Manual No. M-10.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fahy, Cynthia; And Others

    This manual presents a design for teaching science principles and mathematics concepts through a sequence of activities concentrating on weather, solar food dryers, and nutrition. Part I focuses on the effect of solar energy on air and water, examining the concepts of evaporation, condensation, radiation, conduction, and convection. These concepts…

  10. Appropriation d’un nouveau protocole antipaludéen au Sénégal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sidy Ba

    2011-04-01

    Extended Programme of Immunization in health services, feedback from providers, populations and their explanatory factors. The results show that the lack of adequate knowledge about IPT did not prevent its appropriation by communities, to the extent that perceptions give it practical value and include it in the felt needs. This is why children have received, in the vast majority, administered drugs. Some shift in attitudes can be explained more by constraints, shortcomings of the health and immunization system than a refusal. Among care providers, information was more available amongst state-recruited nurses. However, diversion processes and attitudes of indifference were more visible in the latter.Ultimately, the utility found in the measure, the constraints of professional and social environments in which providers operate, have determined the types of behaviors or practices of the latter. This shows that therapeutic innovation, beyond its biomedical and technological dimensions, is, once subjected to application in health services, embedded in professional, individual realities that influence the conditions and modalities for its implementation and its appropriation by providers and beneficiaries.Apropiación de un nuevo protocolo antipalúdico en Senegal: el Tratamiento Preventivo Intermitente (TPI acoplado al Programa Ampliado de Vacunación (PAVEste trabajo documenta el proceso de aplicación del Tratamiento Preventivo Intermitente, una estrategia de prevención del paludismo cuya administración queda acoplada con el PEV en los servicios de sanidad, las reacciones de los suministradores de servicios, de las poblaciones y sus factores explicativos. Los resultados muestran que la ausencia de conocimientos adecuados a propósito del TPI no ha impedido su apropiación por las comunidades, en la medida en que las percepciones le dan un valor práctico y lo integran en las necesidades sentidas. Razón por la que los niños han recibido, en su gran mayoría, los

  11. An Appropriate Wind Model for Wind Integrated Power Systems Reliability Evaluation Considering Wind Speed Correlations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rajesh Karki

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Adverse environmental impacts of carbon emissions are causing increasing concerns to the general public throughout the world. Electric energy generation from conventional energy sources is considered to be a major contributor to these harmful emissions. High emphasis is therefore being given to green alternatives of energy, such as wind and solar. Wind energy is being perceived as a promising alternative. This source of energy technology and its applications have undergone significant research and development over the past decade. As a result, many modern power systems include a significant portion of power generation from wind energy sources. The impact of wind generation on the overall system performance increases substantially as wind penetration in power systems continues to increase to relatively high levels. It becomes increasingly important to accurately model the wind behavior, the interaction with other wind sources and conventional sources, and incorporate the characteristics of the energy demand in order to carry out a realistic evaluation of system reliability. Power systems with high wind penetrations are often connected to multiple wind farms at different geographic locations. Wind speed correlations between the different wind farms largely affect the total wind power generation characteristics of such systems, and therefore should be an important parameter in the wind modeling process. This paper evaluates the effect of the correlation between multiple wind farms on the adequacy indices of wind-integrated systems. The paper also proposes a simple and appropriate probabilistic analytical model that incorporates wind correlations, and can be used for adequacy evaluation of multiple wind-integrated systems.

  12. Measuring reporting verifying. A primer on MRV for nationally appropriate mitigation actions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hinostroza, M. (ed.); Luetken, S.; Holm Olsen, K. (Technical Univ. of Denmark. UNEP Risoe Centre, Roskilde (Denmark)); Aalders, E.; Pretlove, B.; Peters, N. (Det Norske Veritas, Hellerup (Denmark))

    2012-03-15

    The requirements for measurement, reporting and verification (MRV) of nationally appropriate mitigation actions (NAMAs) are one of the crucial topics on the agenda of international negotiations to address climate change mitigation. According to agreements so far, the general guidelines for domestic MRV are to be developed by Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice (SBSTA)1. Further, the Subsidiary Body for Implementation (SBI) will be conducting international consultations and analysis (ICA) of biennial update reports (BUR) to improve transparency of mitigation actions, which should be measured, reported and verified. 2. What is clear from undergoing discussions both at SBSTA and at SBI is that MRV for NAMAs should not be a burden for controlling greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions connected to economic activities. Instead, the MRV process should facilitate mitigation actions; encourage the redirection of investments and address concerns regarding carbon content of emission intensive operations of private and public companies and enterprises worldwide. While MRV requirements are being shaped within the Convention, there are a number of initiatives supporting developing countries moving forward with NAMA development and demonstration activities. How these actions shall be measured, reported and verified, however, remain unanswered. MRV is not new. It is present in most existing policies and frameworks related to climate change mitigation. With an aim to contribute to international debate and capacity building on this crucial issue, the UNEP Risoe Centre in cooperation with UNDP, are pleased to present this publication that through the direct collaboration with Det Norske Veritas (DNV) builds on existing MRV practices in current carbon markets; provides insights on how MRV for NAMAs can be performed and identifies elements and drivers to be considered when designing adequate MRV systems for NAMAs in developing countries. This primer is the second

  13. Information Technology and Indigenous People

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dyson, Laurel, Ed.; Hendriks, Max, Ed.; Grant, Stephen, Ed.

    2007-01-01

    Information Technology and Indigenous People provides theoretical and empirical information related to the planning and execution of IT projects aimed at serving indigenous people. It explores many cultural concerns with IT implementation, including language issues and questions of cultural appropriateness, and brings together cutting-edge…

  14. Radiologic technology educators and andragogy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Galbraith, M W; Simon-Galbraith, J A

    1984-01-01

    Radiologic technology educators are in constant contact with adult learners. However, the theoretical framework that radiologic educators use to guide their instruction may not be appropriate for adults. This article examines the assumptions of the standard instructional theory and the most modern approach to adult education-- andragogy . It also shows how these assumptions affect the adult learner in a radiologic education setting. PMID:6729091

  15. Improving Administrative Efficiency through Technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Porter, Dennis R.

    1993-01-01

    Key adult education management functions (planning, directing personnel, organizing work, staffing, and evaluating) can be enhanced through appropriate technologies. Of particular interest to administrators are computer-based communications, management information systems, and desktop application software such as spreadsheets, groupware, and…

  16. Introduction to Pinch Technology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rokni, Masoud

    efficient as it should be? How can new projects be evaluated with respect to their energy requirements? What changes can be made to increase the energy efficiency without incurring any cost? What investments can be made to improve energy efficiency? What is the most appropriate utility mix for the process......? How to put energy efficiency and other targets like reducing emissions, increasing plant capacities, improve product qualities etc, into a one coherent strategic plan for the overall site? All these questions and more can be answered with a full understanding of Pinch Technology and an awareness of...... the available tools for applying it in a practical way. The aim here is to provide the basic knowledge of pinch technology concept and how it can be applied across a wide range of process industries. The pinch technology was proposed firstly for optimization of heat exchangers and therefore it is...

  17. Technology for Boundaries

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bødker, Susanne; Kristensen, Jannie Friis; Nielsen, Christina;

    2003-01-01

    .After analysing the history and the current boundary work, the paper will propose new technological support for boundary work. In particular the paper will suggest means of supporting boundaries when these are productive and for changing boundaries when this seems more appropriate. In total, flexible technologies......This paper presents a study of an organisation, which is undergoing a process transforming organisational and technological boundaries. In particular, we shall look at three kinds of boundaries: the work to maintain and change the boundary between the organisation and its customers; boundaries...... between competencies within the organisation; and boundaries between various physical locations of work, in particular between what is done in the office and what is done on site. Maintaining and changing boundaries are the processes through which a particular community sustains its identity and practice...

  18. Nano technology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This book is introduction of nano technology, which describes what nano technology is, alpha and omega of nano technology, the future of Korean nano technology and human being's future and nano technology. The contents of this book are nano period is coming, a engine of creation, what is molecular engineering, a huge nano technology, technique on making small things, nano materials with exorbitant possibility, the key of nano world the most desirable nano technology in bio industry, nano development plan of government, the direction of development for nano technology and children of heart.

  19. Technological Criteria Technology-Environmental under a Systemic Approach: Chemistry Technology Transfer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Durán-García Martín Enrique

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Currently the transfer of chemical technology is a process that contributes to the technology policy of a country, an industry or an organization in general chemistry. This process requires the application of clear criteria for the proper development of the complex interrelations in the transfer of chemical technology. A group of criteria that are present, are those related to environmental technology which intrinsically define the technology and its impact to the environment. Therefore, the transfer of chemical technology requires technological-environmental criteria defining, in conjunction with other criteria, an adequate process for the selection, acquisition and incorporation of technology in a holistic perspective, so it provides feasible solutions the chemical industry in pursuit of their goals. Then the criterion becomes a benchmark for assessing an appropriate technology transfer process. We performed a theoretical analysis of the technological and environmental criteria, proposing thirty-six (36 technological-environmental criteria interrelated under a systemic approach in the process of transfer of chemical technology, focused on a methodological cycle first run, based primarily on the research-action method. Future research is expected to make a refinement of the criteria from the formulation and validation of metrics so that necessary adjustments are made to optimize the process of transfer of chemical technology.

  20. Human Spaceflight Technology Needs - A Foundation for JSC's Technology Strategy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stecklein, Jonette M.

    2013-01-01

    disciplines. The TechNeeds Database greatly clarifies understanding of the complex relationships of critical technologies to mission and architecture element needs. Extensions to the core TechNeeds Database allow JSC to factor in and appropriately weight JSC Center Core Technology Competencies, and considerations of Commercialization Potential and Partnership Potential. The inherent coupling among these, along with an appropriate importance weighting, has provided an initial prioritization for allocation of technology development research funding for JSC. The HAT Technology Needs Database, with a core of built-in reports, clarifies and communicates complex technology needs for cost effective human space exploration such that an organization seeking to assure that research prioritization supports human spaceflight of the future can be successful.

  1. Mobile phone appropriation in the favelas of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    de Souza e Silva, Adriana Araujo; Sutko, Daniel; Salis, Fernando;

    2011-01-01

    This qualitative case study describes the social appropriation of mobile phones among low-income communities in Rio de Janeiro (Brazil) by asking how favela (slum) residents appropriate cell phones. Findings highlight the difficulty these populations encounter in acquiring and using cell phones due...

  2. The effect of product–context appropriateness on emotion associations in evoked eating occasions

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Piqueras Fiszman, B.; Jaeger, S.R.

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this research was to investigate the impact that perceived product–context appropriateness exerts on elicited emotion associations. The experimental approach consisted in creating eating occasions (as a multi-component entity) varying in appropriateness, which consumers were instructed to

  3. "Appropriateness" in Foreign Language Acquisition and Use: Some Theoretical, Methodological and Ethical Considerations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dewaele, Jean-Marc

    2008-01-01

    In this contribution, I focus on the concept of "appropriateness" in the usage, the learning and the teaching of foreign languages. Using a participant-based emic perspective, I investigate multilinguals' perceptions of appropriateness in their foreign languages. Referring to the existing literature, and using previously unpublished material…

  4. 76 FR 45208 - Agency Use of Appropriated Funds for Child Care Costs for Lower Income Employees

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-28

    ... that the children of employees' same-sex domestic partners fall within the definition of ``child'' for... MANAGEMENT 5 CFR Part 792 RIN 3206-AL36 Agency Use of Appropriated Funds for Child Care Costs for Lower... agencies' use of appropriated funds to provide child care subsidies for lower-income civilian employees,...

  5. Steps to Teach Appropriate Sports and Games Behaviors through Physical Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Samalot-Rivera, Amaury; Vidoni, Carla

    2015-01-01

    Social interventions during physical education classes can help students increase their appropriate behaviors and decrease inappropriate ones. Many educators assume that students develop appropriate social skills as a byproduct of participating in physical education and sport. However, the physical education literature shows that appropriate…

  6. 40 CFR 35.910-10 - Allotment of Fiscal Year 1979 appropriation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Allotment of Fiscal Year 1979 appropriation. 35.910-10 Section 35.910-10 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GRANTS AND... Water Act § 35.910-10 Allotment of Fiscal Year 1979 appropriation. (a) Title II of Public Law...

  7. 40 CFR 35.910-11 - Allotment of Fiscal Year 1980 appropriation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Allotment of Fiscal Year 1980 appropriation. 35.910-11 Section 35.910-11 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GRANTS AND... Water Act § 35.910-11 Allotment of Fiscal Year 1980 appropriation. (a) Title II of Public Law...

  8. Labourers' Letters from Wellington to Surrey, 1840-1845: Lefebvre, Bernstein and Pedagogies of Appropriation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Middleton, Sue

    2010-01-01

    Henri Lefebvre suggested that social researchers engage in "the concrete analysis of rhythms" in order to reveal the "pedagogy of appropriation (the appropriation of the body, as of spatial practice)". Lefebvre's spatial analysis has influenced educational researchers, while the idea of "pedagogy" has travelled beyond education. This…

  9. Sensory quality and appropriateness of raw and boiled Jerusalem artichoke tubers (Helianthus tuberosus L.)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bach, Vibe; Kidmose, Ulla; Thybo, Anette;

    2013-01-01

    BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to investigate the sensory attributes, dry matter and sugar content of five varieties of Jerusalem artichoke tubers and their relation to the appropriateness of the tubers for raw and boiled preparation. RESULTS: Sensory evaluation of raw and boiled...... Jerusalem artichoke tubers was performed by a trained sensory panel and a semi-trained consumer panel of 49 participants, who also evaluated the appropriateness of the tubers for raw and boiled preparation. The appropriateness of raw Jerusalem artichoke tubers was related to Jerusalem artichoke flavour......, green nut flavour, sweetness and colour intensity, whereas the appropriateness of boiled tubers was related to celeriac aroma, sweet aroma, sweetness and colour intensity. In both preparations the variety Dwarf stood out from the others by being the least appropriate tuber. CONCLUSION: A few sensory...

  10. Energy and water development appropriations for 1999: Part 6. Hearings before a Subcommittee of the Committee on Appropriations, House of Representatives, One Hundred Fifth Congress, Second Session

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This is part 6 of the hearings before the subcommittee on energy and water development of the committee on appropriations. Included are statements from witnesses of the Department of Energy, environmental management and commercial waste management, nuclear waste technical review board, atomic energy defense activities, naval reactors, and defense nuclear facilities safety board

  11. Energy and water development appropriations for 1994. Hearings before a Subcommittee of the Committee on Appropriations, House of Representatives, One Hundred Third Congress, First Session. Part 5

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Part 5 of the hearings for the Energy and Water Development Appropriations for 1994 contains budget hearings for the Department of Energy. Contained in this volume is the statement of the Secretary of Energy and budget proposals and justifications for Departmental Administration, Energy Research, Nuclear Energy and Commercial Waste Management, Solar and Renewables, and Power Marketing Administrations

  12. Energy and water appropriations, fiscal year 1999. Hearings before a Subcommittee of the Committee on Appropriations, One Hundred Fifth Congress, Second Session

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    These are hearings on H.R. 2203/S. 1004 an act making appropriations for energy and water development for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1998. Witnesses before the committee were from the US DOE for atomic energy defense activities, Office of Energy Research; US DOD, civil; US Corps of Engineers, civil; and US DOI, Bureau of Reclamation

  13. Energy and water development appropriations, fiscal year 1998. Hearings before a Subcommittee of the Committee on Appropriations, US Senate, One Hundred Fifth Congress, First Session

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    These are hearings on H.R. 2203/S. 1004 an act making appropriations for energy and water development for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1998. Witnesses before the committee were from the US DOE for atomic energy defense activities, the Bonneville Power Administration, environmental restoration and waste management; the US DOI, bureau of reclamation; US DOD, civil; and Corps of Engineers, civil

  14. Energy and water development appropriations for 1999: Part 5. Hearings before a Subcommittee of the Committee on Appropriations, House of Representatives, One Hundred Fifth Congress, Second Session

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This is part 5 of the hearings before the subcommittee on energy and water development of the committee on appropriations. Included are statements from witnesses of the Secretary of Energy, departmental administration, energy research, renewable energy, nuclear energy, Power Marketing Administration, Federal Energy Regulatory Commission, and the Nuclear Regulatory Commission

  15. Energy and water development appropriations for 1994. Hearings before a Subcommittee of the Committee on Appropriations, House of Representatives, One Hundred Third Congress, First Session. Part 6

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Part 6 of the Energy and Water Development Appropriations for 1994 contains hearings for (1) Environmental Restoration and Waste Management; Environment, Safety, and Health; (2) Environmental Restoration and Waste Management Budget Justifications; (3) Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board; (4) Atomic Energy Defense Activities; and (5) Naval Reactors. Along with the budget requests, accomplishments and justifications for the proposed budgets are presented

  16. An Introduction to Selecting Appropriate Goals and Activities for the Severely/Profoundly Impaired That Are Appropriate for Their Age. (Using Curricular Domains).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arnold, Yvonne

    Two introductory manuals, written as part of a practicum to meet the staff needs in the Philadelphia, Pennsylvania School District's severely/profoundly impaired (SPI) programs, focus on selecting goals and activities that are age appropriate for SPI students. Introductory materials review judicial rulings regarding Philadelphia's services for SPI…

  17. Versions Of Care Technology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sampsa Hyysalo

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available The importance of users for innovation has been increasingly emphasized in the literatures on design and management of technology. However, less attention has been given to how people shape technology-in-use. This paper first provides a review of literature on technology use in the social and cultural studies of technology. It then moves to examine empirically how a novel alarm and monitoring appliance was appropriated in the work of home-care nurses and in the everyday living of elderly people. Analysis shows that even these technically unsavvy users shaped the technology considerably by various, even if mundane, acts of adapting it materially, as well as by attributing different meanings to it. However, the paper goes on to argue that such commonplace phrasing of the findings obscures their significance and interrelations. Consequently, the final section of the paper reframes the key findings of this study using the concepts of practice, enactment, and versions of technology to reach a more adequate description.

  18. Deconstruyendo el modelo deficitario de la apropiación social de la ciencia y la tecnología en Colombia: el caso de la cartilla "Las Maticas de mi Huerta" Desconstruindo o modelo de déficit na apropriação social da ciência e tecnologia na Colômbia: o caso da cartilha " Las Maticas de mi Huerta" Deconstructing the deficit model of social appropriation of science and technology in Colombia: the case of the handbook "Las Maticas de mi Huerta"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcela Lozano-Borda

    2012-06-01

    educomunicativos para a ASCT.Studies on policy and on activities of social appropriation of science and technology (SAST in Colombia have shown the presence of a deficit model that characterizes the relationship between scientific knowledge and the public. This model, which is present in diverse communicative and educational activities, is characterized by establishing unidirectional and vertical communication dynamics from science to its public. However, these studies have fallen short in identifying what the production conditions that sustain this model are. Analyzing the case of an educational booklet, this article seeks to deepen the understanding of what it is that defines the SAST practice in Colombia as deficitarian. This was achieved through an ethnographic content analysis of educational material, which allowed the identification of a number of language and graphic devices that, in the future, could become a reflexive guide in the design of new educational and communicative materials for the SAST.

  19. Technology 2020

    Science.gov (United States)

    Newby, Mike

    2005-01-01

    This brief article discusses the new technologies that may be available in 2020 that will impact the field of education. The author believes that the new educational themes will be "flexibility" and "autonomy", and the new technological theme will be "transparency". Topics discussed include genetic technology, pharmacological technology, digital…

  20. Medical technologies: flows, frictions and new socialities

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    A. Hardon; E. Moyer

    2014-01-01

    While social scientists often highlight the way medical technologies mediate biomedical hegemony, this special issue focuses on the creative and often unexpected ways in which medical technologies are appropriated by diverse actors in homes, clinics and communities. The authors highlight key insight

  1. Characterization monitoring & sensor technology crosscutting program

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-08-01

    The purpose of the Characterization, Monitoring, and Sensor Technology Crosscutting Program (CMST-CP) is to deliver appropriate characterization, monitoring, and sensor technology (CMST) to the OFfice of Waste Management (EM-30), the Office of Environmental Restoration (EM-40), and the Office of Facility Transition and Management (EM-60).

  2. Identity appropriateness and the structure of the theory of planned behaviour.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Case, Philippa; Sparks, Paul; Pavey, Louisa

    2016-03-01

    In contrast to the cost-benefit, utility-based approach to decision-making implicit in models such as the theory of planned behaviour (TPB), the logic of appropriateness (March, 1994. A Primer on Decision Making: How decisions happen. New York, NY: The Free Press) describes decision-making in terms of heuristic decision rules that involve matching identities to situations. This research is the first to apply the logic of appropriateness in conjunction with the theoretical structure of the TPB and assessed whether a measure of identity appropriateness might independently predict adults' intentions to engage in binge drinking. In Study 1, participants (N = 197) completed questionnaires assessing attitudes, subjective norm, perceived behavioural control, past behaviour, and identity appropriateness in relation to binge drinking. Path analysis revealed an independent predictive effect of identity appropriateness on intentions in addition to an indirect effect via attitudes. In Study 2 (N = 179), a prospective measure of behaviour was included in a similar study: Identity appropriateness again predicted intentions independently of the extended TPB predictors. It was again also found to be a strong predictor of attitudes. We suggest that the notion of identity appropriateness may assist in explaining the capacity of measures of self-identity to predict people's behavioural intentions. PMID:25916752

  3. Network technology for safeguards applications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A new flexible technology is now available to design sensor and control networks based on a protocol embedded in an intelligent communications integrated circuit. The flexibility allows a system designer and/or a technical installer to make appropriate tradeoffs between simplicity, functionality, and cost in the design of network nodes and their installation. This is especially important in designing the installation scenario for the safeguards network. The network technology permits several choices of installations with the same basic mode hardware. This paper is a discussion of this technology

  4. Appropriate use criteria in clinical routine practice: implications in a nuclear cardiology lab.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gimelli, Alessia; Rovai, Ilaria; Liga, Riccardo; Pasanisi, Emilio Maria; Marzullo, Paolo

    2016-06-01

    The efforts for a broad application of the appropriate use criteria to reduce inappropriate nuclear stress testing have frequently been unsuccessful and the reported rates of inappropriateness have varied widely between studies. We sought to analyze the criteria of clinical appropriateness of a cohort of consecutive patients referred to our nuclear cardiology laboratory to perform stress myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) and to assess the relationships between test appropriateness and the evaluation of ischaemia. A cohort of 251 consecutive patients, admitted to our Institute from January to March 2015, who underwent stress/rest MPI on a dedicated cardiac camera equipped with cadmium-zinc-telluride detectors, was selected. The level of clinical appropriateness of each MPI test was categorized in each patient according to the AUC criteria. According to the accepted criteria, the majority of the MPI stress-tests could be classified as clinically appropriate (218 of 251, 87 % of the tests), while only 16 (6 %) and 17 (7 %) resulted of uncertain appropriateness or clearly inappropriate, respectively. Of the 251 appropriate tests, 22 (10 %), 65 (30 %), and 131 (60 %) showed the presence of a mild (SDS < 4), moderate (4 ≥ SDS < 7), and severe (SDS ≥ 7) ischemic burden, respectively, while none of the inappropriate test showed moderate-to-severe ischaemia (P < 0.001 for comparisons). The rate of inappropriate MPI tests is considerably low in a high-volume laboratory. Appropriate and inappropriate studies identify patients at high and low probability of significant ischemia, respectively, providing insights on the effects of the level of appropriateness on stress-test results. PMID:26961179

  5. Emerging technologies for the changing global market

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cruit, Wendy; Schutzenhofer, Scott; Goldberg, Ben; Everhart, Kurt

    1993-01-01

    This project served to define an appropriate methodology for effective prioritization of technology efforts required to develop replacement technologies mandated by imposed and forecast legislation. The methodology used is a semi-quantative approach derived from quality function deployment techniques (QFD Matrix). This methodology aims to weight the full environmental, cost, safety, reliability, and programmatic implications of replacement technology development to allow appropriate identification of viable candidates and programmatic alternatives. The results will be implemented as a guideline for consideration for current NASA propulsion systems.

  6. Mobile technologies adoption and Fit with strategic goals

    OpenAIRE

    Leclercq, Aurélie

    2006-01-01

    Our goal is to understand the reasons why firms adopt mobile technologies and analyse how these mobile technologies are appropriated by individuals, so that organizations can fully benefit from the implementation of mobile technologies. A qualitative research constituted of 80 semi-structured interviews in 10 firms was carried out. This paper presents a model which highlights the link between the reasons of adoption and the appropriation by the individuals. One of the main results of this pap...

  7. Appropriate small dam management for minimizing catchment-wide safety threats: International benchmarked guidelines and demonstrative cases studies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pisaniello, John D.; Tingey-Holyoak, Joanne; Burritt, Roger L.

    2012-01-01

    Small dam safety is generally being ignored. The potential for dam failure resulting in catastrophic consequences for downstream communities, property, and the environment, warrants exploration of the threats and policy issues associated with the management of small/farm dams. The paper achieves this through a comparative analysis of differing levels of dam safety assurance policy: absent, driven, strong, and model. A strategic review is undertaken to establish international dam safety policy benchmarks and to identify a best practice model. A cost-effective engineering/accounting tool is presented to assist the policy selection process and complement the best practice model. The paper then demonstrates the significance of the small-dam safety problem with a case study of four Australian States,policy-absent South Australia, policy-driven Victoria, policy-strong New South Wales, and policy-modelTasmania. Surveys of farmer behavior practices provide empirical evidence of the importance of policy and its proper implementation. Both individual and cumulative farm dam failure threats are addressed and, with supporting empirical evidence, the need for "appropriate" supervision of small dams is demonstrated. The paper adds to the existing international dam policy literature by identifying acceptable minimum level practice in private/farm dam safety assurance policy as well as updated international best practice policy guidelines while providing case study demonstration of how to apply the guidelines and empirical reinforcement of the need for "appropriate" policy. The policy guidelines, cost-effective technology, and comparative lessons presented can assist any jurisdiction to determine and implement appropriate dam safety policy.

  8. Materials technology. A dictionary

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The dictionary lists about 3000 terms used in the science and technology of materials, referring to and explaining structure, microstructure and properties, metal and non-metal materials, natural materials, man-made materials and plastics, inorganic materials, composite materials, fabrication and processing methods, the testing of materials and manufactured components, surface treatment methods, tribology, and corrosion, wear and aging. Whenever appropriate, terms of related scientific areas have been included. The terms and explanations are accompanied by diagrams, illustrations and tables, which round up the textual information and facilitate comprehension. (MM)

  9. The appropriation of divine life in Cyril of Alexandria [Reseña

    OpenAIRE

    Wozniak, R.J. (Robert J.)

    2005-01-01

    Reseña de Daniel A. KEATING, Tbe appropriation of divine life in Cyril of Alexandria, Oxford University Press («Oxford theological monographs))), Oxford 2004, X + 315 pp., 14 X 22, ISBN 0-19-926713-8.

  10. OUTLINE OF RECOMMENDATIONS FOR APPROPRIATE DOMESTIC RABBIT MANAGEMENT IN ACCORDANCE WITH ANIMAL PROTECTION AND WELFARE CONSIDERATIONS

    OpenAIRE

    Löliger, H.

    1996-01-01

    Abstract not available. Löliger, H. (1996). OUTLINE OF RECOMMENDATIONS FOR APPROPRIATE DOMESTIC RABBIT MANAGEMENT IN ACCORDANCE WITH ANIMAL PROTECTION AND WELFARE CONSIDERATIONS. http://hdl.handle.net/10251/10473.

  11. Institutionalizing planning, enactment and reflection of daily lessons through appropriate organizational restructuring

    OpenAIRE

    Raval, Harini; McKenney, Susan; Pieters, Jules

    2011-01-01

    Raval, H., McKenney, S., & Pieters, J. (2011). Institutionalizing planning, enactment and reflection of daily lessons through appropriate organizational restructuring. The Asia-Pacific Educational Researcher, 20(3), 438-435.

  12. Budget estimates, fiscal year 1984/85. Appropriation: salaries and expenses

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report contains the fiscal year budget justifications to Congress. The budget estimates for salaries and expenses for fiscal year 1984 to 1985 provide for obligations of $466,800,000 to be funded in total by a new appropriation

  13. Status Report on Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs). Mid-year update June 2013

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Van Tilburg, X.; Bristow, S. [ECN Policy Studies, Amsterdam (Netherlands); Roeser, F.; Escalante, D.; Fekete, H. [Ecofys, Cologne (Germany)

    2013-06-15

    This mid-year update of the Annual Status Report on Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions, last published by Ecofys and ECN in November 2012, highlights recent trends in NAMA development and support and identifies where more progress is needed.

  14. Teaching children with autism appropriate play in unsupervised environments using a self-management treatment package.

    OpenAIRE

    Stahmer, A C; Schreibman, L

    1992-01-01

    The present study used a self-management treatment package to teach 3 children with autism, who exhibited inappropriate play behaviors, to play appropriately in the absence of a treatment provider. After self-management training, generalization and maintenance of the behavior change were assessed. Because of the detrimental effects of self-stimulation (arm flapping, spinning toys, twirling, etc.) on learning, the relationship between self-stimulatory behaviors and appropriate play was measure...

  15. Delays in Appropriate Antibiotic Therapy for Gram-Negative Bloodstream Infections: A Multicenter, Community Hospital Study

    OpenAIRE

    Moehring, Rebekah W.; Richard Sloane; Chen, Luke F.; Smathers, Emily C.; Schmader, Kenneth E.; Fowler, Vance G.; Weber, David J.; Sexton, Daniel J.; Anderson, Deverick J.

    2013-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Gram-negative bacterial bloodstream infection (BSI) is a serious condition with estimated 30% mortality. Clinical outcomes for patients with severe infections improve when antibiotics are appropriately chosen and given early. The objective of this study was to estimate the association of prior healthcare exposure on time to appropriate antibiotic therapy in patients with gram-negative BSI. METHOD: We performed a multicenter cohort study of adult, hospitalized patients with gram-ne...

  16. On the semiotic appropriation of ICT tools for people in loss of autonomy

    OpenAIRE

    Billonnet, Laurent; Pignier, Nicole; Tsala-Effa, Didier; Geslin-Beyaert, Anne; Dumas, Jean-Michel

    2011-01-01

    It is now widely accepted that ICT objects for people with loss of autonomy do not meet the expected services. Their non-appropriation by the people is the main reason. This finding is important for policy makers and institutional medical organizations and caregivers as well as device manufacturers. Consequently, the concept of adequate appropriation is a process that must be developed in order to reduce dependency and introduce the notion of "natural health behavior." The object / equipment ...

  17. The Human side of organizational change : improving appropriation of project evolutions

    OpenAIRE

    Clement, Perotti; Minel, Stéphanie; Roussel, Benoît; Renaud, Jean

    2012-01-01

    This paper deals with the success of organisational change. Our empirical study starts with an illustration of our industrial problem: how to structure organisational change to ensure a future desired state is correctly appropriated. Based on an analysis of the literature, we propose considering organisational change as a dual appropriation process: the first at the company level and the second at an individual level. We then show that the project is a valid way to manage it and to structure ...

  18. Ironic Appropriation of Hemingway's For Whom the Bell Tolls in Bulosan's The Cry and the Dedication

    OpenAIRE

    Brown, Robert

    2013-01-01

    In his article "Ironic Appropriation of Hemingway's For Whom the Bell Tolls in Bulosan's The Cry and the Dedication" Robert Brown discusses Carlos Bulosan's The Cry and the Dedication and Ernest Hemingway's For Whom the Bell Tolls. Brown claims that Bulosan's appropriation of For Whom borders on plagiarism and that this in part defines The Cry as a postcolonial text. Brown maintains that E. San Juan Jr.'s otherwise comprehensive introduction to The Cry ignores Hemingway's text in favor of a F...

  19. Guidebook for the Development of a Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Action for Solar Water Heaters

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Haselip, James Arthur; Lütken, Søren E.; Sharma, Sudhir

    This guidebook provides an introduction to designing government-led interventions to scale up investment in solar water heater (SWH) markets, showing how these interventions can be packaged as Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAS). Reflecting the changing balance in global greenhouse...... gas emissions, NAMAs embody the principle of common but differentiated responsibilities. In addition to developed countries’ commitments to make quantitative reductions of greenhouse gas emissions, developing countries are invited to contribute with voluntary actions that are ‘nationally appropriate...

  20. Is the Water Footprint an Appropriate Tool for Forestry and Forest Products: The Fennoscandian Case

    OpenAIRE

    Launiainen, Samuli; Martyn N. Futter; Ellison, David; Clarke, Nicholas; Finér, Leena; Högbom, Lars; Laurén, Ari; Ring, Eva

    2013-01-01

    The water footprint by the Water Footprint Network (WF) is an ambitious tool for measuring human appropriation and promoting sustainable use of fresh water. Using recent case studies and examples from water-abundant Fennoscandia, we consider whether it is an appropriate tool for evaluating the water use of forestry and forest-based products. We show that aggregating catchment level water consumption over a product life cycle does not consider fresh water as a renewable resource and is inconsi...