WorldWideScience

Sample records for applications radioprotecao industrial

  1. Control of radioactive sources in industry through regulatory inspections

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In Brazil, the applications of ionizing radiation in industry are accomplished about 900 radioactive facilities, which handle approximately 3.000 radiation sources. The control of radioactive sources used in industrial installations authorized by the Brazilian Nuclear Energy Commission (CNEN) is accomplished by Servico de Radioprotecao na Industria Radiativa (SERIR) of the Instituto de Radioprotecao e Dosimetria (IRD), Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil. This service carries out regulatory inspections in the practices of industrial radiography, nuclear gauges, industrial irradiators and oil wells logging. The frequency of inspections depends on the type of practice, ranging from a year to 5 years, depending on the risk involved. This paper presents a brief description of the situation of radiation safety in the use of radioactive sources in the industries of the country. The results obtained with regulatory inspections at industrial installations demonstrate that the conditions of safety and radiation protection in these facilities are satisfactory when compared with the technical regulations, both national and international

  2. Performance evaluation of the conventional Brazilian industries radiation protection in the small industrial gauges and industrial radiography areas; Sistema de avaliacao de desempenho em radioprotecao das industrias convencionais brasileiras nas areas de medidores nucleares e radiografia industrial

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Santos, Joyra Amaral dos

    1999-08-01

    This works evaluates by punctuation the performance in conventional Brazilian industries radiation protection area which make use of small industrial gauges and industrial radiography. It proposes, procedures for industry self-evaluation, besides a new radiation protection plans pattern for the small industrial gauges area. The data source where inspection reports of Dosimetry Radiation Protection Institute/Nuclear Energy Commission conventional Brazilian industries' radiation protection plans, beyond visitation to the inspection place. The performance evaluation has been realized both in the administrative and operational aspects of the industries. About of 60% of the industries have a satisfactory register control which does not happen to the operational control. The performance evaluation advantage is that industries may self-evaluate, foreseeing Dosimetry Radiation Protection Institute's regulation inspections, correcting its irregularities, automatically improving its services. The number of industries which have obtained satisfactory performance in both areas is below 70%, both in administrative and operational aspects. Such number can be considered a low one as it is radiation protection. The procedures propose in this work aim to improve such a situation. (author)

  3. OCT for industrial applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Song, Guiju; Harding, Kevin

    2012-11-01

    Optical coherence tomography (OCT), as an interferometric method, has been studied as a distance ranger. As a technology capable of producing high-resolution, depth-resolved images of biological tissue, OCT had been widely used for the application of ophthalmology and has been commercialized in the market today. Enlightened by the emerging research interest in biomedical domain, the applications of OCT in industrial inspection were rejuvenated by a few groups to explore its potential for characterizing new materials, imaging or inspecting industrial parts as a service solution[3]. Benefiting from novel photonics components and devices, the industrial application of the older concepts in OCT can be re-visited with respect to the unique performance and availability. Commercial OCT developers such as Michelson Diagnostics (MDL; Orpington, U.K.) and Thorlabs (Newton, NJ) are actively exploring the application of OCT to industrial applications and they have outlined meaningful path toward the metrology application in emerging industry[3]. In this chapter, we will introduce the fundamental concepts of OCT and discuss its current and potential industrial applications.

  4. Industrial applications at GANIL

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    After a first round of industrial applications using heavy ion beams, GANIL has refocused these activities along the lines defined by a strategy and market study. Heavy ion industrial applications take their roots in the physical effects of the interactions occurring between heavy ion projectiles and matter. Specific equipments operated by GANIL or CIRIL allow users to take benefit from these effects. By heavy ion irradiation, industrial companies qualify radiation hardened electronic components and sensitize plastic films to produce 'nuclear track' membranes. Research and development programs with laboratories of the public sector, focus on heavy ion lithography dedicated to large area luminescent flat screens with field emitter microtips and on tribology with radioactive implanted ions. Even sometimes facing difficulties to fill the gap between industry and research, GANIL is eager to promote heavy ion beam technologies. (author) 36 refs., 6 figs., 5 tabs

  5. Radioisotope applications in industry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    After a short mention of the economic importance of the industrial application of radioisotopes the most necessary fundamental principles of nuclear physics are given. The nature and the laws of the radioactive decay are illustrated, the interaction of radiation with matter and the absorption laws are described and the production of radioisotopes are mentioned. Subsequent the various detectors for measuring radioactivity are described with a short reference to the problems of the electronic measuring devices. At the end the various measuring techniques and the methods of application for radioisotopes in industry are illustrated. (author)

  6. Industrial applications of radiations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Radiation processing refers to the use of ionizing radiation to initiate chemical or biological changes in various materials as a substitute for conventional thermal or chemical processes. The method was inroduced in the industrial field 30 years ago and is now being widely used for numerous applications, among which industrial radiography, polymer modification, sterilization or decontamination, and food preservation. Both electron beam accelerators and gamma sources can be used, depending mainly of the amount of radiation and the penetration required. Radiation processing presents an increasing economical importance; in 1986 the market volume of ionized products ranged 3 billion $

  7. Medical and industrial applications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The radioisotopes are produced for various applications in the nuclear medicine (diagnostic, therapy, palliation of metastatic bone pain), industry (radiography of welds,...), agriculture (radiotracers, ...) and basic research. Due to the availability of high neutron fluxes (thermal neutron flux up to 1015 n/cm2.s), the BR2 reactor is considered as a major facility through its contribution for a continuous supply of products such 99Mo (99mTc), 131I, 133Xe, 192Ir, 186Re, 153Sm, 90Y, 32P, 188W (188Re), 203Hg, 82Br, 41Ar, 125I, 177Lu, 89Sr, 60Co, 169Yb, 147Nd, ... Neutron Transmutation Doped (NTD) silicon is produced for the semiconductor industry in the SIDONIE (Silicon Doping by Neutron Irradiation Experiment) facility, which is designed to continuously rotate and traverse the silicon through the neutron flux. These combined movements produce exceptional dopant homogeneity in batches of silicon measuring 4 and 5-inches in diameter by up to 750 mm in length. The objective is to provide a reliable and qualitative supply of radioisotopes and NTD-silicon to the customers in accordance with a quality system that has been certified to the requirements of the EN ISO 9001 : 2000. This new Quality System Certificate has been obtained in November 2003 for the 'Production of radioisotopes for medical and industrial applications' and the 'Production of Neutron Transmutation Doped (NTD) Silicon' in the BR2 reactor

  8. Medical and industrial applications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The radioisotopes are produced for various applications in the nuclear medicine (diagnostic, therapy, palliation of metastatic bone pain), industry (radiography of welds ...), agriculture (radiotracers ...) and basic research. Due to the availability of high neutron fluxes (thermal neutron flux up to 1015 n/cm2.s), the BR2 reactor is considered as a major facility through its contribution for a continuous supply of products such 99Mo (99mTc), 131I, 133Xe, 192Ir, 186Re, 153Sm, 90Y, 32P, 188W (188Re), 203Hg, 82Br, 41Ar, 125I, 177Lu, 89Sr, 60Co, 169Yb, 147Nd, and others. Neutron Transmutation Doped (NTD) silicon is produced for the semiconductor industry in the SIDONIE (Silicon Doping by Neutron Irradiation Experiment) facility, which is designed to continuously rotate and traverse the silicon through the neutron flux. These combined movements produce exceptional dopant homogeneity in batches of silicon measuring 4 and 5-inches in diameter by up to 750 mm in length. To provide a reliable and qualitative supply of radioisotopes and NTD-silicon to the customers in accordance with a quality system that has been certified to the requirements of the EN ISO 9001: 2000. This new Quality System Certificate has been obtained in December 2006 for the Production of radioisotopes for medical and industrial applications and the Production of Neutron Transmutation Doped (NTD) Silicon in the BR2 reactor

  9. An Industrial THz Killer Application?

    OpenAIRE

    van Mechelen, Dook

    2015-01-01

    Terahertz technology is mature enough for large-volume sensing applications. However, Dook van Mechelen says there are a few hurdles preventing its industrial debut. THz spectroscopy has a number of advantages that point to abundant industrial applications, in areas such quality control, security and biomedical imaging. Yet despite those advantages, the search for a THz "killer application"--a novel, innovative use with a business case strong enough to bring the technology into the industrial...

  10. An Industrial THz Killer Application?

    CERN Document Server

    van Mechelen, Dook

    2015-01-01

    Terahertz technology is mature enough for large-volume sensing applications. However, Dook van Mechelen says there are a few hurdles preventing its industrial debut. THz spectroscopy has a number of advantages that point to abundant industrial applications, in areas such quality control, security and biomedical imaging. Yet despite those advantages, the search for a THz "killer application"--a novel, innovative use with a business case strong enough to bring the technology into the industrial mainstream--has remained fruitless, and even the hope of finding such an application has begun to falter. Why has a killer app for THz radiation been so elusive? And how can the road to industrial application of this versatile technology be cleared?

  11. Industrial Application of Solar Radiation

    OpenAIRE

    Funken, Karl-Heinz

    2012-01-01

    The lecture introduces the principles of solar thermal power production and solar process heat generation and outlines recent developments of its industrial implementation. The appropriate technologies address both increasing demands in power and industrial process heat on the one hand and huge markets in the said branches on the other hand. Industrial implementation achieved a multi-MW scale. In addition to these thermal applications, in the long term future solar radiation may be used f...

  12. Industrial Applications of Image Processing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ciora, Radu Adrian; Simion, Carmen Mihaela

    2014-11-01

    The recent advances in sensors quality and processing power provide us with excellent tools for designing more complex image processing and pattern recognition tasks. In this paper we review the existing applications of image processing and pattern recognition in industrial engineering. First we define the role of vision in an industrial. Then a dissemination of some image processing techniques, feature extraction, object recognition and industrial robotic guidance is presented. Moreover, examples of implementations of such techniques in industry are presented. Such implementations include automated visual inspection, process control, part identification, robots control. Finally, we present some conclusions regarding the investigated topics and directions for future investigation

  13. Industrial accelerators and their applications

    CERN Document Server

    Hamm, Marianne E

    2012-01-01

    This unique new book is a comprehensive review of the many current industrial applications of particle accelerators, written by experts in each of these fields. Readers will gain a broad understanding of the principles of these applications, the extent to which they are employed, and the accelerator technology utilized. The book also serves as a thorough introduction to these fields for non-experts and laymen. Due to the increased interest in industrial applications, there is a growing interest among accelerator physicists and many other scientists worldwide in understanding how accelerators are used in various applications. The government agencies that fund scientific research with accelerators are also seeking more information on the many commercial applications that have been or can be developed with the technology developments they are funding. Many industries are also doing more research on how they can improve their products or processes using particle beams.

  14. Radioisotope applications in industry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The practical applications of the isotope technique are reported and illustrated by examples of works of the Department of Isotope Application of the Austrian Research Centre Seibersdorf. First the field of process controlling device and controll is described, including thickness, density and moisture gauging, the estimation of coatings and material compounds, the location of material defects and the level control. After this a detailed description of all kinds of tracer investigations is given like measurements of flow rate, intermixture, distribution and volume, investigations of corrosion, wear and lubrication and locations of all kind. A short description of gas ionisation, sources of light and isotope batteries is mentioned. Finally a general view of the applications in the fields of chemistry, biology, agriculture and medicine and the most important of the Austrian law of protective screen and its enactment are given. (Author)

  15. Industrial applications of electron accelerators

    CERN Document Server

    Cleland, M R

    2006-01-01

    This paper addresses the industrial applications of electron accelerators for modifying the physical, chemical or biological properties of materials and commercial products by treatment with ionizing radiation. Many beneficial effects can be obtained with these methods, which are known as radiation processing. The earliest practical applications occurred during the 1950s, and the business of radiation processing has been expanding since that time. The most prevalent applications are the modification of many different plastic and rubber products and the sterilization of single-use medical devices. Emerging applications are the pasteurization and preservation of foods and the treatment of toxic industrial wastes. Industrial accelerators can now provide electron energies greater than 10 MeV and average beam powers as high as 700 kW. The availability of high-energy, high-power electron beams is stimulating interest in the use of X-rays (bremsstrahlung) as an alternative to gamma rays from radioactive nuclides.

  16. Parallel programming of industrial applications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Heroux, M; Koniges, A; Simon, H

    1998-07-21

    In the introductory material, we overview the typical MPP environment for real application computing and the special tools available such as parallel debuggers and performance analyzers. Next, we draw from a series of real applications codes and discuss the specific challenges and problems that are encountered in parallelizing these individual applications. The application areas drawn from include biomedical sciences, materials processing and design, plasma and fluid dynamics, and others. We show how it was possible to get a particular application to run efficiently and what steps were necessary. Finally we end with a summary of the lessons learned from these applications and predictions for the future of industrial parallel computing. This tutorial is based on material from a forthcoming book entitled: "Industrial Strength Parallel Computing" to be published by Morgan Kaufmann Publishers (ISBN l-55860-54).

  17. Radiation applications in industry - future trends

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The applications of radioisotopes and radiation technology sealed sources are now well established and practiced by the industry. These applications will continue to expand in industry following substantial developments in supporting technologies, and meet the growing needs of Indian industry

  18. Industrial applications of radiation technology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    During the past one decade, Radiation Technology applications utilizing gamma radiation and high energy electrons have made a big way into the Indian industry bringing quality and value-added products in a more environment-friendly way. While radiation sterilization of health care products, hygienization of food materials, modification of polymer materials etc. are established as successful processes world wide including India, new applications are emerging especially in the field of environmental remediation. Two types of installations viz. gamma irradiators and high energy electron accelerators are in use right now to carry out such applications. The aim of the talk is to put forward before the audience about the potential applications developed in India and abroad, role of Department of Atomic Energy and current status of radiation processing for industrial utilization

  19. Industrial Applications of Accelerator Technologies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    PEFP(Proton Engineering Frontier Project) put its aim on development of high power linear proton accelerator and its beam applications. So, it has, since late 1990's, accumulated accelerator and ion source technologies, supplied beam utilization service to related industry. As of now, right after 10 year long project(PEFP), many of its low energy beam technologies seem to be successfully utilized for industrial purpose to meet the market needs, especially in improvement of production process and manufacturing performance, new substance development, etc. In this context, it is high time to carry out in-depth industrialization development on PEFP's retained ion beam technology prowess: To help them diffused profitable markets as soon as possible. So, in this work, through verification on the industrialization feasibility by experiments, it is going to get it started, with cooperation of participatory company, to enter into markets with developed technology and products

  20. Industrial applications of computed tomography

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    De Chiffre, Leonardo; Carmignato, S.; Kruth, J. -P.;

    2014-01-01

    The number of industrial applications of Computed Tomography(CT) is large and rapidly increasing. After a brief market overview, the paper gives a survey of state of the art and upcoming CT technologies, covering types of CT systems, scanning capabilities, and technological advances. The paper...

  1. Industrial radioprotection in the radioactive gauges: necessity for preservation of the objectives without discouraging their applications; Radioprotecao industrial na area de medidores nucleares: necessidade de preservar seus objetivos sem desencorajar as aplicacoes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Castagnet, Antonio Carlos [Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares (IPEN), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)

    1996-12-31

    This work presents some suggestions for regulations revision and adaptation in order that the implicit real risks existent in the different fabrication stages of radiation sources and radioactive gauges operation, from the radioactive material acquisition to the final disposal, including the supervisors training

  2. Industrial applications of radiation technology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In recent years, radiation processing has emerged as an alternative to conventional technologies such as thermal and chemical processing for many industrial applications. The industry is expanding at a fast rate all over the world. The actual industrial benefits on commercial basis, however, depends on the need of the individual society and may vary from country to country. In India, the applications of radiation technology have been found in areas of health care, agriculture, food preservation, industry and environment. Both gamma radiation and electron beam accelerators are being utilized for this purpose. Presently, 6 commercial gamma irradiators housing about 1.5 million curie 60Co and an annual turnover of over US$ 2 million and 3 commercial electron beam (EB) accelerators with installed capacity of 185 kW are commercially operating in India. The new areas being explored include use of electron beam irradiation for surface treatment, radiation processed membranes for a variety of applications and radiation processing of natural polymers. In the present paper, the current status of this program, especially the recent developments and future direction of radiation processing technology is reviewed. (author)

  3. Industrial applications of THz systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wietzke, S.; Jansen, C.; Jördens, C.; Krumbholz, N.; Vieweg, N.; Scheller, M.; Shakfa, M. K.; Romeike, D.; Hochrein, T.; Mikulics, M.; Koch, M.

    2009-07-01

    Terahertz time-domain spectroscopy (THz TDS) holds high potential as a non-destructive, non-contact testing tool. We have identified a plethora of emerging industrial applications such as quality control of industrial processes and products in the plastics industry. Polymers are transparent to THz waves while additives show a significantly higher permittivity. This dielectric contrast allows for detecting the additive concentration and the degree of dispersion. We present a first inline configuration of a THz TDS spectrometer for monitoring polymeric compounding processes. To evaluate plastic components, non-destructive testing is strongly recommended. For instance, THz imaging is capable of inspecting plastic weld joints or revealing the orientation of fiber reinforcements. Water strongly absorbs THz radiation. However, this sensitivity to water can be employed in order to investigate the moisture absorption in plastics and the water content in plants. Furthermore, applications in food technology are discussed. Moreover, security scanning applications are addressed in terms of identifying liquid explosives. We present the vision and first components of a handheld security scanner. In addition, a new approach for parameter extraction of THz TDS data is presented. All in all, we give an overview how industry can benefit from THz TDS completing the tool box of non-destructive evaluation.

  4. Industrial applications of laser diagnostics

    CERN Document Server

    Deguchi, Yoshihiro

    2011-01-01

    Tighter regulations of harmful substances such as NOx, CO, heavy metals, particles, emissions from commercial plants and automobiles reflect a growing demand for lowering the anthropogenic burdens on the environment. It is equally important to monitor controlling factors to improve the operation of industrial machinery and plants. Among the many methods for doing this, laser diagnostics stands out. Taking a practical approach, Industrial Applications of Laser Diagnostics discusses how to apply laser diagnostics to engines, gas turbines, thermal and chemical plant systems, and disposal faciliti

  5. Ozone Applications in Food Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elif Savaş

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Known as active oxygen Ozone (O3, are among the most effective antimicrobials. The sun's ultraviolet rays and ozone caused by electric arcs of lightning occurring instantly around the world, and is available as a protective shield protects the animals against the effects of the sun's radiation. In the food industry, directly or indirectly in contact with food during processing of foods and chemical treatment of water disinfection bacteriological emerges as an alternative protection method. In this study, the effects of the ozone applications will evaluated as an alternative to conventional disinfectants in food industry.

  6. Applications of radioisotopes in industry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In recent years, radioisotope techniques have found ever-increasing application to the investigation of industrial process plant. The chemical industry in particular was quick to appreciate this potential and in ICI the substantial scope for radioisotope applications led some 20 years ago to the establishment of a group specializing in this field. This group, Physics and Radioisotope Services has flourished and now carries out work for all parts of ICI as well as for external companies. An important factor in the growth of this organization has been the realization on the part of production management of the enormous savings which can result from the successful applications of radioisotope techniques. Measurements can, in general, be made while the plant is on-line disrupting the operating conditions and thus saving down-time. In addition, the rapidity and convenience with which the measurements can be made (utilizing as they do equipment external to the process) leads to a direct reduction in service costs. In parallel with the growth of radioisotope techniques in plant investigation, there has been a continuous development of instruments which utilize the properties of radioactive materials in process measurement and control. These so-called ''nucleonic'' instruments are now used widely throughout industry. Typically, ICI manufactures and installs over 300 such instruments every year on its own plants along-through the number of gauges installed throughout industry is much greater than this. The range of radioisotope techniques and instruments is extremely wide and this topic has itself been the subject of several symposia (1), (2), (3), (4), (5). For this reason, it is impractical to attempt a full coverage here. We have chosen rather to restrict the paper to those techniques and instruments which have been found to be used most extensively. This selection has been made by analyzing the work spectrum of Physics and Radioisotope Services which carries out in

  7. Electron tubes for industrial applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gellert, Bernd

    1994-05-01

    This report reviews research and development efforts within the last years for vacuum electron tubes, in particular power grid tubes for industrial applications. Physical and chemical effects are discussed that determine the performance of todays devices. Due to the progress made in the fundamental understanding of materials and newly developed processes the reliability and reproducibility of power grid tubes could be improved considerably. Modern computer controlled manufacturing methods ensure a high reproducibility of production and continuous quality certification according to ISO 9001 guarantees future high quality standards. Some typical applications of these tubes are given as an example.

  8. Industrial applications of affective engineering

    CERN Document Server

    Shiizuka, Hisao; Lee, Kun-Pyo; Otani, Tsuyoshi; Lim, Chee-Peng

    2014-01-01

    This book examines the industrial applications of affective engineering. The contributors cover new analytical methods such as fluctuation, fuzzy logic, fractals, and complex systems. These chapters also include interdisciplinary research that traverses a wide range of fields, including information engineering, human engineering, cognitive science, psychology, and design studies. The text is split into two parts: theory and applications. This work is a collection of the best papers from ISAE2013 (International Symposium of Affective Engineering) held at Kitakyushu, Japan and Japan Kansei Engineering Meeting on March 6-8, 2013.

  9. Industrial Applications of Molecular Simulations

    CERN Document Server

    Meunier, Marc

    2011-01-01

    The field of quantum and molecular simulations has experienced strong growth since the time of the early software packages. A recent study, showed a large increase in the number of people publishing papers based on ab initio methods from about 3,000 in 1991 to roughly 20,000 in 2009, with particularly strong growth in East Asia. Looking to the future, the question remains as to how these methods can be further integrated into the R&D value chain, bridging the gap from engineering to manufacturing. Using successful case studies as a framework, Industrial Applications of Molecular Simulations de

  10. Industrial Applications of Terahertz Imaging

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zeitler, J. Axel; Shen, Yao-Chun

    This chapter gives a concise overview of potential industrial applications for terahertz imaging that have been reported over the past decade with a discussion of the major advantages and limitations of each approach. In the second half of the chapter we discuss in more detail how terahertz imaging can be used to investigate the microstructure of pharmaceutical dosage forms. A particular focus in this context is the nondestructive measurement of the coating thickness of polymer coated tablets, both by means of high resolution offline imaging in research and development as well as for in-line quality control during production.

  11. Industrial and Systems Engineering Applications in NASA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shivers, Charles H.

    2006-01-01

    A viewgraph presentation on the many applications of Industrial and Systems Engineering used for safe NASA missions is shown. The topics include: 1) NASA Information; 2) Industrial Engineering; 3) Systems Engineering; and 4) Major NASA Programs.

  12. Industrial applications of the Kalman filter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Auger, François; Hilairet, Mickael; Guerrero, Josep M.;

    2013-01-01

    processing and so on. This paper provides a brief overview of the industrial applications and implementation issues of the Kalman filter in six topics of the industrial electronics community, highlighting some relevant reference papers and giving future research trends....

  13. Application of Statistical Increase in Industrial Quality

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Application of statistical method in industrial field is slightly newcompared with agricultural and biology. Statistical method which is appliedin industrial field more focus on industrial system control and useful formaintaining economical control of produce quality which is produced on bigscale. Application of statistical method in industrial field has increasedrapidly. This fact is supported by release of ISO 9000 quality system in 1987as international quality standard which is adopted by more than 100countries. (author)

  14. Industrial applications of radioisotope techniques in Poland

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A general review of applications of radioisotope techniques in the Polish industry for about 25 years is given. The radiotracer methods used in metallurgy, hydrometallurgy, glass industry, oil and petroleum industries, in material testing and in other industries are described. Neutron activation analysis methods as well as nuclear gauges for industry (thickness meters, density meters, conveyer belt weigher, acid concentration meters and others) are also presented. The economic advantages of industrial applications of radioisotope techniques are described too. 42 refs., 43 figs., 11 tabs. (author)

  15. NDE applications in microelectronic industries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meyendorf, N.; Oppermann, M.; Krueger, P.; Roellig, M.; Wolter, K. J.

    2016-04-01

    New concepts in assembly technology boost our daily life in an unknown way. High end semiconductor industry today deals with functional structures down to a few nanometers. ITRS roadmap predicts an ongoing decrease of the "DRAM half pitch" over the next decade. Packaging of course is not intended to realize pitches at the nanometer scale, but has to face the challenges of integrating such semiconductor devices with smallest pitch and high pin counts into systems. Advanced techniques of nondestructive evaluation (NDE) with resolutions in volume better than 1 micrometer vixen size are urgently needed for the safety and reliability of electronic systems, especially those that are used in long living applications. The development speed of integrated circuits is still very high and is not expected to decrease in the next future. The integration density of microelectronic devices is increasing, the dimensions become smaller and the number of I/O's is getting higher. The development of new types of packages must be done with respect to reliability issues. Potential damage sources must be identified and finally avoided in the new packages. In power electronics production the condition monitoring receives a lot of interest to avoid electrical shortcuts, dead solder joints and interface cracking. It is also desired to detect and characterize very small defects like transportation phenomenon or Kirkendall voids. For this purpose, imaging technologies with resolutions in the sub-micron range are required.

  16. Applications of thin coatings in automotive industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. Louda

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: Use of thin coatings in automotive industry give economic and ecological savings. This is evoke by reducing of weight of used construction elements and currently by increasing of their service life and with that connected elevating of nanomaterials manufacture qualities.Design/methodology/approach: In the paper was disscussed the possibility of applications of thin coating in automotive industry.Findings: The paper shows the examples of thin coatings application in automotive industry.Practical implications: Through the assimilation, improvement, and generation of new technologies, the coating community, as a major supplier to the very large automotive industry, will continue to thrive, grow, and maintain its environmental stewardship in the global marketplace.Originality/value: Applications of thin coatings in automotive industry is and with nanotechnology together will be in centre of interest of automotive industry in near future.

  17. Biocatalysts: application and engineering for industrial purposes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jemli, Sonia; Ayadi-Zouari, Dorra; Hlima, Hajer Ben; Bejar, Samir

    2016-01-01

    Enzymes are widely applied in various industrial applications and processes, including the food and beverage, animal feed, textile, detergent and medical industries. Enzymes screened from natural origins are often engineered before entering the market place because their native forms do not meet the requirements for industrial application. Protein engineering is concerned with the design and construction of novel enzymes with tailored functional properties, including stability, catalytic activity, reaction product inhibition and substrate specificity. Two broad approaches have been used for enzyme engineering, namely, rational design and directed evolution. The powerful and revolutionary techniques so far developed for protein engineering provide excellent opportunities for the design of industrial enzymes with specific properties and production of high-value products at lower production costs. The present review seeks to highlight the major fields of enzyme application and to provide an updated overview on previous protein engineering studies wherein natural enzymes were modified to meet the operational conditions required for industrial application. PMID:25373789

  18. Industrial applications of thermal sprayed coatings in Venezuelan steelmaking industry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The metal components subjected to high temperature conditions, abrasive wear, corrosion, impact, etc.; tend to present degradation of manufacturing material, causing the failure imminent of the component. One of the alternatives to minimize or eliminate such effect is the application of ceramic coatings, which are thermal insulators and exhibit high mechanical strength. Its extreme hardness, coupled with the low friction properties and chemical stability, allowing its use in a wide variety of applications. Therefore, the following paper describes the application of thermal sprayed coatings obtained by HVOF and Plasma technologies like alternative to protect the metallic equipment in different venezuelan industrial sectors, such as to operate under aggressive conditions of service, such as the steelmaking nationals industries. This study presents applications cases of ceramic-based coatings, in order to minimize the sticking of metallic material in components of reduction reactor of FINMET® and MIDREXTM process

  19. Mechatronics ideas for industrial application

    CERN Document Server

    Szewczyk, Roman; Trojnacki, Maciej; Kaliczyńska, Małgorzata

    2015-01-01

    This book presents recent advances and developments in control, automation, robotics, and measuring techniques. It presents contributions of top experts in the fields, focused on both theory and industrial practice. The particular chapters present a deep analysis of a specific technical problem which is in general followed by a numerical analysis and simulation, and results of an implementation for the solution of a real world problem. The presented theoretical results, practical solutions and guidelines will be useful for both researchers working in the area of engineering sciences and for practitioners solving industrial problems.  

  20. On industrial application of structural reliability theory

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this paper it is shown that modern structural reliability theory is being successfully applied to a number of different industries. This review of papers is in no way complete. In the literature there is a large number of similar applications and also application not touched on in this presentation. There has been some concern among scientists from this area that structural reliability theory is not being used by industry. It is probably correct that structural reliability theory is not being used by industry as much as it should be used. However, the work by the ESReDA Working Group clearly shows the vary wide application of structural reliability theory by many different industries. One must also have in mind that industry often is reluctant to publish data related to safety and reliability. (au)

  1. Technological and industrial applications of neutrons

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Technological and industrial applications of neutrons are reviewed except applications in power generation, biology and medicine, and solid-state research. Techniques are grouped in three main categories: isotope production, material testing, and material analysis. Following a brief description of the different methods, an attempt is made to assess their applicability and to point out current developments. (orig.)

  2. Technological and industrial applications of neutrons

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Technological and industrial applications of neutrons are reviewed except applications in power generation, biology and medicine, and solid-state research. Techniques are grouped in three main catagories: material production, material testing, and material analysis. Following a brief description of the different methods, an attempt is made to assess their applicability and to point out current developments. (author)

  3. A mobile service robot for industrial applications

    OpenAIRE

    Lattanzi, L; Angione, G.; Cristalli, C.; Weisshardt, F.; Arbeiter, G.; Graf, B

    2012-01-01

    This paper addresses the challenge of introducing mobile robots in industrial applications, where changes in the working environment and diversification of tasks require flexibility, adaptability and in some cases basic reasoning capabilities. Classical industrial robots hardly permit to meet these requirements, so a new concept of service robots facing challenging industrial production system needs is proposed. The realization of such an autonomous agent is illustrated and described in detai...

  4. Microbial Lipases and Their Industrial Applications: Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Berhanu Andualema

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Microbial lipases (triacylglycerol acyl-hydrolases, EC 3.1.1.3 catalyze both the hydrolysis and synthesis of long-chain acylglycerols. They are currently given much attention with the rapid development of enzyme technology. The chemo-, regio- and enantio-specific characteristics of lipase tends to be a focus research area for scientists and industrialists. Compared to plants and animals, microorganisms have been found to produce high yields of lipases. This review describes various industrial applications of microbial lipases in the area of food industry, oil and fat industry, detergent industry, pulp and paper industry, leather industry, textile industry, in organic synthesis, production of cosmetics and biodiesel production. This makes lipases the most widely used class of enzymes in different industrial activities through the application of bioprocess technology. The aim of this review is not to discuss every lipase described in the literature but rather to present recent information on the production, characterization and industrial application of lipases in our daily activities in order to improve our life styles.

  5. The industrial applications of ionizing radiations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report presents all industrial applications of ionizing radiations in France, for food preservation, radiosterilization of drugs, medical materials and cosmetic products, for radiation chemistry of polymers. This report also describes the industrial plants of irradiation (electron, cobalt 60). Finally, it explains the legal and safety aspects

  6. Application of nuclear instruments in China's industry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The progress of nuclear instruments and their applications in China's industries have been greatly dependent on the development of social economy. In recent years, the economy in China demanded an increasing application of industrial nuclear instruments. The reliability of system performance and its adaptability are prerequisites to ensure widespread application in industry. Over 40 years, a sound foundation was created for the development of nuclear instruments and their application, which are briefly described in this paper. The establishment of a comprehensive nuclear industrial system and skilled technical teams is also considered of a great value. The international cooperation and technical exchange between China and other countries has provided further opportunities to absorb new concepts, new ideas and new technology for upgrading current products and shorten the gap with the developed countries. 2 tabs

  7. Industrial applications of nuclear heat

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Within of advanced nuclear reactor design, at present is considered the modular of high temperature gas-cooled reactors using helium as refrigerating gas, which had the finality of to supply the industrial heating of high temperature market, moreover to generate electricity. These reactors cover the normativity for the second generation reactors because of its situated as intrinsic safety reactors. By the design of its fuel particles, that is the key of these reactors type, it is possible to follow high temperatures than in the generators at present extended (1000 Centigrade degrees approx.), so as efficiencies in the thermodynamic charge to environment. Another properties demonstrated in experimental installation and prototype plants are its high disponibility and a low exposition of operational personal and maintenance. The high temperature gas reactors can provide vapor for to generate electric energy, so as heat and vapor for industrial process in refining plants, petrochemicals and siderurgical. (Author)

  8. Ozone Applications in Food Industry

    OpenAIRE

    (Doğan), Elif Savaş; Hakan Tavşanlı; İlhan Gökgözoğlu

    2014-01-01

    Known as active oxygen Ozone (O3), are among the most effective antimicrobials. The sun's ultraviolet rays and ozone caused by electric arcs of lightning occurring instantly around the world, and is available as a protective shield protects the animals against the effects of the sun's radiation. In the food industry, directly or indirectly in contact with food during processing of foods and chemical treatment of water disinfection bacteriological emerges as an alternative protection method. I...

  9. Industrial applications of radioisotope tracers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Radioisotope tracing techniques are powerful tools for analysing the behaviour of large systems and investigating industrially or economically important processes. The results of radioisotope experiments can yield important information, for example, on parameters such as flow rates, mixing phenomena, flow abnormalities and leaks. Some examples of current AAEC research are described, covering studies on hearth drainage in blast furnaces, flow behaviour in waste-water treatment ponds, and sediment transport in marine environments

  10. Applications of thin coatings in automotive industry

    OpenAIRE

    P. Louda

    2007-01-01

    Purpose: Use of thin coatings in automotive industry give economic and ecological savings. This is evoke by reducing of weight of used construction elements and currently by increasing of their service life and with that connected elevating of nanomaterials manufacture qualities.Design/methodology/approach: In the paper was disscussed the possibility of applications of thin coating in automotive industry.Findings: The paper shows the examples of thin coatings application in automotive industr...

  11. Industrial application of radiation curing

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The contents are advantages of radiation processes - a solvent-free system, less energy consumative, higher production rate, processability at ambient temperature; electron beams vs. ultraviolet curing; applications -broad spectrum of markets use radiation curable materials

  12. Hyperthermophilic Enzymes with Industrial Applications

    OpenAIRE

    Mojsov, Kiro; Janevski, Aco; Andronikov, Darko; Zezova, Silvana

    2014-01-01

    Hyperthermophilic enzymes are typically thermostable and are optimally active at high temperatures. Hyperthermophilic enzymes are very similar to their mesophilic homologues. No single mechanism that is responsible for the remarkable stability of hyperthermophilic enzymes. Increased thermo stability must be found in a small number of highly specific alterations. In this review are described current uses and potential applications of thermophilic and hyperthermophilic enzymes as ...

  13. Industrial Applications of Low Temperature Plasmas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bardsley, J N

    2001-03-15

    The use of low temperature plasmas in industry is illustrated by the discussion of four applications, to lighting, displays, semiconductor manufacturing and pollution control. The type of plasma required for each application is described and typical materials are identified. The need to understand radical formation, ionization and metastable excitation within the discharge and the importance of surface reactions are stressed.

  14. On Industrial Application of Structural Reliability Theory

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thoft-Christensen, Palle

    For the last two decades we have seen an increasing interest in applying structural reliability theory to many different industries. However, the number of real applications is much smaller than what one would expect. At the beginning most applications were in the design/analyses area especially...

  15. Linacs for medical and industrial applications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Linear accelerators for medical and industrial applications have become an important commercial business. Microwave electron linacs for cancer radiation therapy and high-energy industrial radiography form the bulk of this market, but these, as well as induction linacs, are now being offered for radiation processing applications such as sterilization of disposable medical products, food preservation and material modifications. The radio frequency quadrupole (RFQ) linac has now made the ion linac also practical for commercial applications in medicine and industry, including radiation therapy, isotope production, neutron production, materials modification, and energy transfer processes. Ion linacs for several of these applications will soon be commercially available. The market for both ion and electron linacs is expected to significantly grow in several exciting and important areas

  16. Application of radiation and isotopes in industry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: A vast variety of nuclear techniques is available for industrial, environmental, medical and research applications. Sealed or open radioisotope sources are applied as radiotracer in the system, in nucleonic gauges, in non destructive testing and in nuclear analytical techniques. Beside of isotopes X-ray tubes and accelerators operated in e-/X mode as a source of radiation are applied as well. These methods are used for process and material control, non-destructive evaluation of wells, castings and assembled machinery help to make industrial processes safer and more cost effective. For natural resource exploration radiotracers (RTT), sealed sources and nucleonic gauges (NCS) are used in the oil industry, in mineral processing and waste water treatment plants. Radioisotopes make important contributions in several sectors of economic significance including medicine industry, agriculture, structural safety and research. They are generally produced in research reactors or cyclotrons. More than 150 different radioisotopes in different forms are in use for various applications. Non-destructive testing (NDT) is essential for quality assurance of various products in diverse industries and construction projects apart from well established NDT protocols for industrial components, machinery and chemical pipelines, new techniques and applications, such as digital radiography for ecological safety, online inspection of concrete structures and pipe corrosion, are being developed. The new applications concern cargo inspection where Co 60 or e-/X sources are used. Radioisotopes are applied as radiotracers in industry and environment. Oil fields and refineries, chemical and metallurgical industries and wastewater purification installations are the end users benefiting from radioisotope techniques. Radioisotope techniques (radiotracers, gamma scanning, tomography and single particle tracking) are extensively used to identify and quantify multiphase reactors (phase hold

  17. Industrial application of food irradiation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the past three years the author has been irradiating foodstuffs with the Gammaster facility which was originally designed for the sterilization of medical equipment. A great diversity of products have been irradiated. In spite of some limitations of the facility, the process has proved to be very satisfactory. The technology for medical sterilization is directly applicable. At present, besides the sterilization of medical equipment, an average of twenty tonnes of foodstuffs, mainly spices, grains, herbs and fish products, are being irradiated every week. The Pilot Plant for Food Irradiation handles a similar quantity. The construction of the JS 7200, the JS 8500, and the JS 9000 irradiator is discussed. (Auth.)

  18. A new software application for footwear industry

    OpenAIRE

    Vilaça, João L.; Fonseca, Jaime C.

    2007-01-01

    Today, the footwear industry is facing many challenges. First, consumers demand for new products with better comfort and design; second, competition is becoming stronger in current global market. Due to these factors, flexibility and rapidity in developing new products are key factors for the medium and long-term survival and success of the footwear industry. This paper proposes a new software application based in simple image processing techniques for optimization of two important s...

  19. Application of fuzzy logic control in industry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An overview is given of the various ways fuzzy logic can be used to improve industrial control. The application of fuzzy logic in control is illustrated by two case studies. The first example shows how fuzzy logic, incorporated in the hardware of an industrial controller, helps to finetune a PID controller, without the operator having any a priori knowledge of the system to be controlled. The second example is from process industry. Here, fuzzy logic supervisory control is implemented in software and enhances the operation of a sintering oven through a subtle combination of priority management and deviation-controlled timing

  20. Industrial tracer application in people's republic of china

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A number of important applications of radioisotopes and their compounds used as tracers in petroleum industry, metallurgical industry, mechanical industry, chemical industry, electronic industry, hydrology and water conservancy in China are introduced in this paper. And the tracer technique applied to entomology is also mentioned. The industrial tracer applications are successful and beneficial in People's Republic of China from the examples given. (author)

  1. Virtual Reality Applications in the Hospitality / Tourism Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Horan, Patrick

    1996-01-01

    In this paper the possible applications of VR to the Tourism Industry are discussed. In order to develop an application for any industry one must first get a clear understanding of that industry. Once this is achieved the next step is to develop an application to suit the needs of the Industry. The Industry in question here is the Tourism Industry and this paper begins by discussing the Tourism Industry and more specifically the relationship between Tourism and technology. This is absolutely ...

  2. Nuclear application in industry RCA Industrial Project (1982-1991)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The project on the Industrial Application of Isotopes and Radiation was carried out under the Regional Co-operative Agreement (RCA) for Research, Development and Training related to Nuclear Science and Technology in Asia and the Pacific 1982 to 1991. The project was underpinned by UNDP funding and supplemented by extra-budgetary financing mostly from Japan, Australia and IAEA but with some contributions from India and China. There were also major inputs from the 'in kind' contributions made by the participating Member States. Altogether some US$ 14.3 million have been identified as the total contribution to the support of the activities over these ten years

  3. Industrial applications of low energy accelerator technologies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Industrial application researches utilizing a beam extracting unit and an accelerator with an energy less than 3 MeV have been conducted. Although a number of industrial application areas exist, a few research items had been selected for this project, which include the gemstone coloration and the surface modifications of metals/polymers. In the case of gemstone coloration, the green/yellow colored diamond by a proton beam irradiation and blue color emitting sapphire utilizing Co ion implantation are being evaluated as the high potential for commercialization. And, the band gap structures as a result of impurities' doping was calculated with density functional theory (DFT) and it was found to be well consistent with experimental results. The surface modification of stainless juice extracting gears have been successful and patented, resulting in a technology transfer to the company. The reduction in the detachment of the metallic elements during juice extracting as a results of ion beam surface modification is expected to be broadly applicable to the other relevant industrial materials and parts. In the case of gemstone coloration, it is estimated to be one of the highest commercially valuable items because of its extremely low processing expense. The research results have been successful and is worth while transferring the technologies to the industrial sectors. During the second phase research, 6 SCI papers have been published and 9 patents have been submitted and 3 patents have been registered. 1 technology has been transferred to the company for industrialization and 1 technology is pending for a transference

  4. A new industrial application of magnetic separation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The aim of this work was to investigate the application of magnetic separation to the removal and recovery of carbon steel grinding swarf from machining fluids used in large-scale industrial manufacturing processes such as in the automotive industry. Magnetic separation is a technology which has found widespread application in the mineral processing industry and in particular the beneficiation of kaolin clay for use in the paper industry. The technical feasibility of the application was demonstrated in the early stages of the work by the successful treatment of industrial samples using a crude laboratory-scale separator. In addition, the fluid and swarf material underwent extensive analysis using electron microscope-based optical and spectroscopic techniques in order to ascertain the presence of other undesirable components of the fluid that would require removal also. It was demonstrated by these results that the overall objective of the project was the development and testing of a laboratory-scale system which would allow the optimum operational parameters to be ascertained for the design of a commercially viable, large-scale system. A series of detailed trials on large volumes of industrial samples was carried out in conjunction with the development of the modifications that were required to existing magnetic separation theory in order to accommodate the particulars of this application. The trial system was tested to low applied magnetic strengths and high fluid flow velocities in order to optimise the economics of the application, resulting in extraction efficiencies of the order of 99.998% being achieved. During the course of the project, a new type of matrix cleaning system was developed for which a patent was applied and this was successfully tested in the trial system. Economic appraisal of the application suggests that an industrial-scale system could provide reliable, high quality recovery of grinding swarf at a cost of around one cent per cubic metre of

  5. Applications of Moessbauer Spectroscopy in Industry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The demand by industrial researchers to characterize commercial materials with high precision has seen the growth of many spectroscopic techniques in the broad area of applied materials science. Moessbauer spectroscopy is slowly moving into the industrial arena, due in part to the development of new and highly technological materials whose performance can only be optimized through complete analysis and evaluation down to the atomic level. The movement from the traditional research laboratory environment is assisted by the portability of the most recent instrumentation, including PC based data acquisition, miniature spectrometers, user friendly software for spectral analysis and the development of the scattering detectors for in-situ Moessbauer analysis. Scientific researchers are more often being sought to collaborate in industrial projects to solve problems of economic and social importance. An overview is presented on some of the industrial applications for which Moessbauer spectroscopy is being used today. Discussion includes some of the features important for close collaboration between the research scientist and industrial partners, as well as some of the challenges likely to be faced by the researcher in the endeavours to bring the Moessbauer methodology to the industrial environment. Corrosion research, and the need to fully understand the effect of environmental parameters on the performance of structural steels, is one area in which Moessbauer spectroscopy has become a required analytical technique. One example of a close liason between academia and industry and the use of Moessbauer spectroscopy to characterize and improve the quality of galvanneal steel sheet is presented.

  6. Industrial Application Of Psyllium: An Overview

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khaliq, Rehana; Tita, Ovidiu; Antofie, Maria Mihaela; Sava, Camelia

    2015-09-01

    Plantago ovata is economically an important medicinal plant commonly cultivated in different parts of India, Pakistan and Iran and some part of Europe. It has a long history of traditional uses with healing properties. There are various applications of seed husk and its marketable products for medicine and industrial uses. The seed husk is commonly called as psyllium or isabgol has a potential role in the treatment and prevention of gastrointestinal and bowel diseases. The intent of this review was to highlight the industrial uses of psyllium for the food products and therapeutic purposes. There is also considerable interest of local people, scientific communities and industries in the medical and food supplement application of psyllium husk and mucilage with specific health benefits.

  7. Archaeal Enzymes and Applications in Industrial Biocatalysts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jennifer A. Littlechild

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Archaeal enzymes are playing an important role in industrial biotechnology. Many representatives of organisms living in “extreme” conditions, the so-called Extremophiles, belong to the archaeal kingdom of life. This paper will review studies carried by the Exeter group and others regarding archaeal enzymes that have important applications in commercial biocatalysis. Some of these biocatalysts are already being used in large scale industrial processes for the production of optically pure drug intermediates and amino acids and their analogues. Other enzymes have been characterised at laboratory scale regarding their substrate specificity and properties for potential industrial application. The increasing availability of DNA sequences from new archaeal species and metagenomes will provide a continuing resource to identify new enzymes of commercial interest using both bioinformatics and screening approaches.

  8. A Localised Corrosion Cell for Industrial Applications

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, A.; Hilbert, Lisbeth Rischel; Jansen, P.;

    2003-01-01

    The LOCORR-CELL™ developed by FORCE TECHNOLOGY is an electrochemical cell for industrial applications estimating localised corrosion. The cell is constructed in a carbon steel casing for direct mounting into the system. It is based on an oxygen concentration element reflecting the interaction...

  9. The industrial application of radioisotopes in Australia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Over the past 10 years, the Australian Atomic Energy Commission has conducted a wide-ranging program of radioisotope applications to solve industrial problems of local, regional or national importance. Most of the investigations have been concerned with the behaviour of large complex systems. Broadly, the work covers such economically important fields as flow studies, environmental studies and coastal engineering studies. (author)

  10. Conducting polymers: Synthesis and industrial applications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gottesfeld, S. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States)

    1997-04-01

    The Conducting Polymer project funded by the AIM Program has developed new methods for the synthesis of conducting polymers and evaluated new industrial applications for these materials which will result in significant reductions in energy usage or industrial waste. The applications specifically addressed during FY 1996 included two ongoing efforts on membranes for gas separation and on electrochemical capacitors and a third new application: electrochemical reactors (ECRs) based on polymeric electrolytes. As a gas separation membrane, conducting polymers offer high selectivity and the potential to chemically or electrically adapt the membrane for specific gas combinations. Potential energy savings in the US for this application are estimated at 1 to 3 quads/yr. As an active material in electrochemical capacitors, electronically conducting polymers have the potential of storing large amounts of electric energy in low cost materials. Potential energy savings estimated at 1 quad/yr would result from introduction of electrochemical capacitors as energy storage devices in power trains of electric and hybrid vehicles, once such vehicles reach 20% of the total transportation market in the US. In the chlor-alkali industry, electrochemical reactors based on polymer electrolyte membranes consume around 1 % of the total electric power in the US. A new activity, started in FY 1996, is devoted to energy efficient ECRs. In the case of the chlor-alkali industry, energy savings as high as 50% seem possible with the novel ECR technology demonstrated by the author in 1996.

  11. Lipases and Its Application in Food Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Ting; QIN Gang

    2010-01-01

    Lipases(triacylglycerol acylhydrolases,EC 3.1.1.3)occur widely in nature.It catalyze the hydrolysis and the synthesis of esters formed from glycerol and long-chain fatty acids.Lipases are commercially significant,this article discusses the source,structure,character and preparative method,the applications of lipases in food industry are discussed too.

  12. Radiation technology in emerging industrial applications. Proceedings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In many industrial applications radiation processing has proven to be a technology of choice either because of its economic competitiveness or its technical superiority. Although the chemical effects of ionizing radiation have been known for more than a century, its industrial applications became possible only after the availability of reliable gamma sources and powerful electron accelerators during the last couple of decades.The programmes of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) in radiation processing are implemented through the Department of Nuclear Sciences and Applications and the Department of Technical Co-operation. The IAEA has been active in this field for many years, contributing to new developments, training, promotion and transfer of technology. In September 1997, the IAEA held an international symposium in Zakopane, Poland on the 'Use of radiation technology for the conservation of environment' where the status of current developments and of applications of radiation processing in the control of environmental pollution was reviewed (IAEA-TECDOC-1023, 1998). Recent developments and achievements in various aspects of radiation processing have been assessed continuously through the organization of consultants meetings, advisory group meetings and research co-ordination meetings. Worldwide growing interest in the use of radiation technology in various new industrial applications, as exemplified by the reports and presentations made at these meetings, has led the IAEA to organize a symposium to cover every aspect of radiation processing and, exclusively, the emerging industrial applications of radiation technology. The International Symposium on Radiation Technology in Emerging Industrial Applications was convened in November 2000 in Beijing, China. Its main purpose was to bring scientists,technologists, industrialists and regulatory authorities together with a view of exchanging information and reviewing the status of current developments and

  13. Conducting polymers: Synthesis and industrial applications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gottesfeld, S. [Los Alamos National Laboratory, NM (United States)

    1995-05-01

    The Conducting Polymer project funded by the AIM Materials Program is developing new methods for the synthesis of electronically conducting polymers and is evaluating new industrial applications for these materials which will result in significant reductions in energy usage or industrial waste. The applications specifically addressed during FY 1994 are electrochemical capacitors and membranes for gas separation. As an active material in electrochemical capacitors, conducting polymers have the potential of storing large amounts of electrical energy in low cost materials. Such devices are needed in electronics for power failure back-up and peak power, in power supplies for filtering, and in electric vehicles for peak power and load leveling. As a gas electrically adapt the membrane for specific gas combinations. Potential energy savings in the US. for this application are estimated at 1 to 3 quads/yr.

  14. Microbeam applications in metallurgy and industry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The paper concerns the use of ion microbeams in metallurgy and industry. Many of the applications involve analyses using nuclear reactors, with a few examples of the use of elastic recoil detection analysis, Rutherford back-scattering, and particle-induced X-ray emission. A table is presented of all the microbeam analysis that has been carried out for metallurgical purposes. Many of the applications concern changes in the distributions of one or more light elements in a metallic matrix. A table is also presented for the relevant published work on industrial applications to non-metals. This time the elements of interest are much more varied than they were for metallurgy. (UK)

  15. Industrial applications of neutron activation analysis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Neutron activation analysis has been widely used in the industry and over the years played a key role in the development of manufacturing process as well as monitoring of the process flow. In this context NAA has been utilized both in R and D, and in the factory as a flexible analytical tool. It has been used successfully in numerous industries including broad categories such as Chemical, Pharmaceutical, Mining, Photographic, Oil and Gas, Automobile, Defense, Semiconductor and Electronic industries. Dow Chemical owns and operates a research reactor for analytical measurements of samples generated in both R and D, and manufacturing area in its plant in Midland, Michigan. Although most industries do not have reactors on their campus but use an off site reactor regularly, and often have in-house neutron sources such as a 252Cf used primarily for NAA. In most industrial materials analysis laboratory NAA is part of a number of analytical techniques such as ICP-MS, AA, SIMS, FTIR, XRF, TXRF etc. Analysis of complex industrial samples may require data from each of these methods to provide a clear picture of the materials issues involved. With the improvement of classical analytical techniques, and the introduction of new techniques, e.g. TXRF, the role of NAA continues to be a key bench mark technique that provides accurate and reliable data. The strength of the NAA in bulk analysis is balanced by its weakness in providing surface sensitive or spatially resolved analysis as is required by many applications. (author)

  16. Medical and industrial application of radiation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    While dosimetry is not a radiation application, accurate dosage of radiation of utmost importance for all radiation applications. For both therapeutic and industrial applications it can be matter of life and death. For this reason, great efforts have been made to ensure that radiation dosages given to patients and used in all industrial applications are as near as possible to those prescribed. The World Health Organization (WHO) and the IAEA, together with many National Standard Laboratories and with the International Bureau of Weight and Measures, have been very active and successful during the last 20 years in ascertaining that normal cobalt-60 therapy unit. For this purpose, 63 Secondary Standard Dosimetry Laboratories have been established of which more than half are in developing countries. FRPS houses one of the Secondary Standard Dosimetry Laboratories. As accurate dosimetry is a prerequisite in radiotherapy, so it is in industrial exposures and all laboratories responsible for dosimetry have to make frequent intercomparisons with one of the Primary Standard Dosimetry Laboratories. The SSDL at FRPS hopes to commence this as soon as our new Harshaw 6600 TLD reader arrives. This has already been approved by the IAEA. Much high doses of radiation are used for some industrial applications, as discussed in a previous lecture, such as sterilization of rubber, and food preservation and newly developed techniques are being used for the assurance of the prescribed dose. IAEA provides assistance in this area also through the secondary standard dosimetry laboratories. The IAEA has a broad programme of assistance which includes the calibration of all instruments in the laboratories of the participants, be it for radiation protection, or high dose measurements

  17. Industrial applications of low energy accelerator technologies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Park, Jae Won; Kim, Hyung Jin; Kim, Jun Yeon; Lee, Jae Sang; Yeo, Sun Mog; Lee, Ji Ah [KAERI, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

    2008-05-15

    Industrial application researches utilizing a beam extracting unit and an accelerator with an energy less than 3 MeV have been conducted. Although a number of industrial application areas exist, a few research items had been selected for this project, which include the gemstone coloration and the surface modifications of metals/polymers. In the case of gemstone coloration, the green/yellow colored diamond by a proton beam irradiation and blue color emitting sapphire utilizing Co ion implantation are being evaluated as the high potential for commercialization. And, the band gap structures as a result of impurities' doping was calculated with density functional theory (DFT) and it was found to be well consistent with experimental results. The surface modification of stainless juice extracting gears have been successful and patented, resulting in a technology transfer to the company. The reduction in the detachment of the metallic elements during juice extracting as a results of ion beam surface modification is expected to be broadly applicable to the other relevant industrial materials and parts. In the case of gemstone coloration, it is estimated to be one of the highest commercially valuable items because of its extremely low processing expense. The research results have been successful and is worth while transferring the technologies to the industrial sectors. During the second phase research, 6 SCI papers have been published and 9 patents have been submitted and 3 patents have been registered. 1 technology has been transferred to the company for industrialization and 1 technology is pending for a transference

  18. Proceedings of industrial applications of fluid mechanics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The is the fourth Forum on Industrial Applications of Fluid Mechanics sponsored by the Fluid Mechanics Committee of the ASME Fluids Engineering Division. The Forum objective is to promote the discussion and interchange of current information on developing and state-of-the-art applications of fluid mechanics technology. The program is organized as a technical forum to encourage the presentation of new ideas, especially those which may be so innovative that a conservative review process might delay their dissemination to the fluids engineering community. Four sessions and a total of 17 papers are scheduled for this program. Three of the four sessions were devoted to contributed papers, while the fourth is a panel discussion with three invited presentations. All papers were reviewed editorially to assure that they are related to the forum theme The papers were not evaluated technically, and therefore carry no endorsement from the Fluid Mechanics Committee or the Fluids Engineering Division with regard to peer evaluation. The forum presentations will focus on specific applications of fluid mechanics technology. Lively discussion of the papers is encouraged at the forum. The Fluid Mechanics Committee plans to sponsor a forum with an industrial applications theme each year at the ASME Winter Annual Meeting. In 1991, the scope of the forum will be enlarged to include the topic of textile applications of fluid mechanics, and another panel session featuring speakers with industrial experience in different areas of fluid mechanics applications. In future years, it is anticipated that the forum will solicit papers from other areas where fluid mechanics technology is applied

  19. Algorithms for reconstructing images for industrial applications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Several algorithms for reconstructing objects from their projections are being studied in our Laboratory, for industrial applications. Such algorithms are useful locating the position and shape of different composition of materials in the object. A Comparative study of two algorithms is made. The two investigated algorithsm are: The MART (Multiplicative - Algebraic Reconstruction Technique) and the Convolution Method. The comparison are carried out from the point view of the quality of the image reconstructed, number of views and cost. (Author)

  20. Electron Beam Scanning in Industrial Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jongen, Yves; Herer, Arnold

    1996-05-01

    Scanned electron beams are used within many industries for applications such as sterilization of medical disposables, crosslinking of wire and cables insulating jackets, polymerization and degradation of resins and biomaterials, modification of semiconductors, coloration of gemstones and glasses, removal of oxides from coal plant flue gasses, and the curing of advanced composites and other molded forms. X-rays generated from scanned electron beams make yet other applications, such as food irradiation, viable. Typical accelerators for these applications range in beam energy from 0.5MeV to 10 MeV, with beam powers between 5 to 500kW and scanning widths between 20 and 300 cm. Since precise control of dose delivery is required in many of these applications, the integration of beam characteristics, product conveyance, and beam scanning mechanisms must be well understood and optimized. Fundamental issues and some case examples are presented.

  1. Computational methods for industrial radiation measurement applications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Computational methods have been used with considerable success to complement radiation measurements in solving a wide range of industrial problems. The almost exponential growth of computer capability and applications in the last few years leads to a open-quotes black boxclose quotes mentality for radiation measurement applications. If a black box is defined as any radiation measurement device that is capable of measuring the parameters of interest when a wide range of operating and sample conditions may occur, then the development of computational methods for industrial radiation measurement applications should now be focused on the black box approach and the deduction of properties of interest from the response with acceptable accuracy and reasonable efficiency. Nowadays, increasingly better understanding of radiation physical processes, more accurate and complete fundamental physical data, and more advanced modeling and software/hardware techniques have made it possible to make giant strides in that direction with new ideas implemented with computer software. The Center for Engineering Applications of Radioisotopes (CEAR) at North Carolina State University has been working on a variety of projects in the area of radiation analyzers and gauges for accomplishing this for quite some time, and they are discussed here with emphasis on current accomplishments

  2. Industrial Application of Ion Beams in KOMAC

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    For the last 5 years, we have performed extensive R and D efforts by ion beam to characterize metallic, ceramic, polymeric materials and have supported users from a broad range of institutions, including a large number of industries. So, in this study, through verification on the industrialization feasibility by experiments, it is going to get it started, with cooperation of participatory company, to enter into markets with developed technology and products. Through the ion beam service to users by using ion beam facilities in KOMAC, we are successfully achieved several industrial applications by ion beams. Based on verification on the industrialization feasibility by experiments, we hope to get it started to enter markets with developed technology and products. Ion implantation technology, which is one of ultramodern technologies, can be used in enhancing chemical and physical properties of materials, such as anti-corrosion, wear resistance and electrical conductivity. Comparing with conventional surface modification technologies, it does not generate toxic wastes, which can threaten the environment. It provides precise control of surface thickness and strong adherence of surface material. Therefore, this technology will be used in surface modification along with steady improvement of ion implantation technology

  3. Industrial Application of Ion Beams in KOMAC

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Jaesang; Lee, Chanyoung; Kim, Bomsok; Choi, Hyukjun; Kim, Yongki; Kim, Hyungjin; Park, Jaewon [Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

    2013-05-15

    For the last 5 years, we have performed extensive R and D efforts by ion beam to characterize metallic, ceramic, polymeric materials and have supported users from a broad range of institutions, including a large number of industries. So, in this study, through verification on the industrialization feasibility by experiments, it is going to get it started, with cooperation of participatory company, to enter into markets with developed technology and products. Through the ion beam service to users by using ion beam facilities in KOMAC, we are successfully achieved several industrial applications by ion beams. Based on verification on the industrialization feasibility by experiments, we hope to get it started to enter markets with developed technology and products. Ion implantation technology, which is one of ultramodern technologies, can be used in enhancing chemical and physical properties of materials, such as anti-corrosion, wear resistance and electrical conductivity. Comparing with conventional surface modification technologies, it does not generate toxic wastes, which can threaten the environment. It provides precise control of surface thickness and strong adherence of surface material. Therefore, this technology will be used in surface modification along with steady improvement of ion implantation technology.

  4. BR2 reactor: medical and industrial applications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The radioisotopes are produced for various applications in the nuclear medicine (diagnostic, therapy, palliation of metastatic bone pain), industry (radiography of welds, ...), agriculture (radiotracers, ...) and basic research. Due to the availability of high neutron fluxes (thermal neutron flux up to 1015 n/cm2.s), the BR2 reactor is considered as a major facility through its contribution for a continuous supply of products such 99Mo (99mTc), 131I, 133Xe, 192Ir, 186Re, 153Sm, 90Y, 32P, 188W (188Re), 203Hg, 82Br, 41Ar, 125I, 177Lu,89Sr, 60Co, 169Yb, 147Nd, and others. Neutron Transmutation Doped (NTD) silicon is produced for the semiconductor industry in the SIDONIE (Silicon Doping by Neutron Irradiation Experiment) facility, which is designed to continuously rotate and traverse the silicon through the neutron flux. These combined movements produce exceptional dopant homogeneity in batches of silicon measuring 4 and 5-inches in diameter by up to 750 mm in length. The main objectives of work performed were to provide a reliable and qualitative supply of radioisotopes and NTD-silicon to the customers in accordance with a quality system that has been certified to the requirements of the EN ISO 9001: 2000. This new Quality System Certificate has been obtained in November 2003 for the Production of radioisotopes for medical and industrial applications and the Production of Neutron Transmutation Doped (NTD) Silicon in the BR2 reactor

  5. Ultrasonic nondestructive evaluation systems industrial application issues

    CERN Document Server

    Callegari, Sergio; Montisci, Augusto; Ricci, Marco; Versaci, Mario

    2015-01-01

    This book covers the practical implementation of ultrasonic NDT techniques in an industrial environment, discussing several issues that may emerge and proposing strategies for addressing them successfully.  It aims to bridge advanced academic research results and their application to industrial procedures. The topics covered in the text range from the basic operation of an ultrasonic NDT system to the simulation of the measurement operations; from the choice and generation of the signals energizing the system to the different ways of exploiting the probes and their output signals; and from quality assessment evaluation to the use of soft computing techniques for classification. Throughout the text, an effort is made to embrace a system view where the physical and technological aspects of sensing are addressed together with higher abstraction levels, such as signal and information processing. Consequently, the book aims at guiding the reader through the various tasks requested for developing a complete ultras...

  6. Selected industrial and environmental applications of neutron activation analysis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A review of the applications of Instrumental Neutron Activation Analysis (INAA) in the industrial and environmental fields is given. Detection limits for different applications are also given. (author)

  7. Digital and analogue industrial radiography, application fields

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: Reusable phosphor screens for computer radiography (CR), amorphous selenium screens for direct radiography (DR), film digitalisation (FD) constitute imaging methods accepted by industry and are used for non-destructive radiographic testing (RT). Economic pressures are involving and affecting digital RT technology. Standards and codes for film radiography and radioscopy qualification do no longer cover the wide range of digital RT applications. It will be our task to optimise the performance of digital RT characterisation and to create appropriate examination methods to use all these new and existent technologies. In the meantime, an increasing automation and control of manual methods of analogue radiography can as well be expected. (author)

  8. Radiotracer injector: An Industrial Application (RIIA)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The radiotracer injector is meant for transferring liquid radiotracer in the system for industrial radiotracer application with minimal radiation exposure to the operator. The motivation of its invention is coming from the experience of the workers who are very concern about the radiation safety while handling with the radioactive source. The idea ensuring the operation while handling the radioactive source is fast and safe without interrupting the efficiency and efficacy of the process. Thus, semi automated device assisting with pneumatic technology is applied for its invention. (author)

  9. Biofibers from agricultural byproducts for industrial applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reddy, Narendra; Yang, Yiqi

    2005-01-01

    Lignocellulosic agricultural byproducts are a copious and cheap source for cellulose fibers. Agro-based biofibers have the composition, properties and structure that make them suitable for uses such as composite, textile, pulp and paper manufacture. In addition, biofibers can also be used to produce fuel, chemicals, enzymes and food. Byproducts produced from the cultivation of corn, wheat, rice, sorghum, barley, sugarcane, pineapple, banana and coconut are the major sources of agro-based biofibers. This review analyses the production processes, structure, properties and suitability of these biofibers for various industrial applications. PMID:15629854

  10. Microprocessors applications in the nuclear industry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Microprocessors in the nuclear industry, particularly at the Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory, have been and are being utilized in a wide variety of applications ranging from data acquisition and control for basic physics research to monitoring special nuclear material in long-term storage. Microprocessor systems have been developed to support weapons diagnostics measurements during underground weapons testing at the Nevada Test Site. Multiple single-component microcomputers are now controlling the measurement and recording of nuclear reactor operating power levels. The CMOS microprocessor data-acquisition instrumentation has operated on balloon flights to monitor power plant emissions. Target chamber mirror-positioning equipment for laser fusion facilities employs microprocessors

  11. NDT applications in the aircraft industry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Non-destructive testing (NDT) in the aircraft industry is used primarily to detect process defects in the manufacturing stage and failure defects in the in-service stage. Inspection techniques such as X- or gamma ray radiography are used for examination. Eddy current and ultrasonic are applied for examination, fluorescent penetrant and magnetic particles are applied for examination of aircraft and engine. With the wide scope of application, this paper discussed one type of NDT that is much used in aircraft being the latest technique in aircraft manufacturing. 1 fig

  12. Applications and trends of industrial neutron radiography

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Industrial applications of neutron radiography have expanded over the last 10 to 12 years as this relatively new nondestructive testing technique has been accepted as a necessary and routine test procedure. In the late 60's, neutron radiography was considered only for inspection of space systems components and other high reliability and/or man-rated systems. As the space program slowed, applications narrowed to inspection of components for military aircraft and missiles. In most cases, the principal use was for inspection of explosive-actuated devices such as shielded mild detonating cord, separation bolts, severance assemblies, gas cartridges and power devices. In recent years, although the explosive device inspection applications have continued to grow, other applications have expanded to share equally in the use of neutron radiography for routine inspection. These applications include inspection of ceramic capacitors and electronic filters along with other electronic devices, complex mechanical assemblies, and detection of contaminants or residual core material in complex machined assemblies and gas cooled aircraft turbine blades. (Auth.)

  13. Industrial applications of electron beam technology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Electron beam technology was first introduced in Malaysia in 1989 with the conclusion of the bilateral cooperation between the Malaysian Institute for Nuclear Technology Research (MINT) and Japan International Co-operation Agency (JICA) on Radiation Application Projects. Two electron beam accelerators with energy of 3.0 MeV and 200 keV were installed at MINT. These two accelerators pave the way for R and D to be carried out in radiation processing of polymers for cross-linking and surface curing. In 1994, another electron beam accelerator was installed in the private sector for cross-linking of home appliance wires. Since then, two more accelerators were installed in the private sector for cross-linking of heat shrinkable plastic films. Recently, a local company has acquired a low energy electron beam machine for cross-linking of plastic film. Within a period of 7 years, industrial applications of electron beam technology in Malaysia have increased significantly

  14. Surface plasmon resonance sensors for industrial applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Masson, Jean-Francois; Banerji, Soame; Kim, Yoon-Chang; Booksh, Karl S.

    2004-12-01

    Surface Plasmon Resonance (SPR) spectroscopy offers many potential industrial applications. SPR sensors are suitable to monitor liquid and gas phase mixtures. The use of fiber-optic SPR sensors enables the possibility of remote sensing in real-time. The sensors can be made as small as 45mm long using 200um optical fibers. Measurement of organic vapors and salinity are demonstrated using the SPR sensors. The mixing dynamics are easily accessible using SPR sensors. The mixing of hexanes and isopropanol in static solution was monitored in real time. Another important application is the analysis of the excess dielectric properties for various binary mixtures using a SPR sensor. Binary mixtures with similar refractive index were measured. Strong deviations from ideality are seen using SPR to monitor the dielectric properties. SPR sensors can be integrated to production lines to monitor the extend of products or compounds inline.

  15. Application of seismic isolation to industrial tanks

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zayas, V.A.; Low, S.S. [Earthquake Protection Systems, San Francisco, CA (United States)

    1995-12-01

    The state-of-the-art in the application of seismic isolation to industrial tanks is presented. Use of seismic isolation in industrial tanks can reduce lateral shaking forces by factors of 3 to 5 for strong earthquake loadings. This level of force reduction offers a practical and economical means of designing tanks on a linear elastic basis, and thereby reduces the risk of local failures and leakage during earthquakes. The case studies presented include: LNG Storage Tanks, an Ammonia Storage Tank, and an Emergency Fire and Cooling Water Tank. The tank capacities range from 50 thousand gallons to 19 million gallons. Two applications are new tanks, and one is a retrofit of an existing tank. The methodology for the design of the isolation bearings and tank structures is presented. The dynamic analysis methods used to perform the seismic analysis of the isolated tanks are reviewed, including the hydrodynamic modeling methods. The engineering principles and theory of the Friction Pendulum isolation bearings are discussed. This pendulum based isolation system results in the same natural period of vibration regardless of changes in the fluid levels in the tank, or temperature, aging, and environmental conditions. Test results for the isolation bearings are presented, including comparisons of experimental and analytical results for dynamic loadings, and strength, temperature and aging tests.

  16. Waterborne UV coating for industrial applications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    (Full Text): Solvent borne industrial coatings are being replaced by environment friendly coatings like Ultra Violet (UV) or Electron Beam (Eb) cured coatings, Powder coatings and Waterborne coatings. Waterborne systems enjoy the biggest share from this shift. UV and EB coatings provide the advantages of instant cure at room temperature, high scratch and abrasion resistance combined with excellent chemical resistance. Polyurethane (PU) chemistry is the dominant chemistry in Industrial coatings as they provide a very high level of performance. Most PU coatings are solvent based 2-component systems comprising of a resin and a cross linker. Polyurethane dispersions (PUD) in water in single pack are available but mainly addresses the Do It Yourself (DIY) market because of their slow drying speeds. Performance of PUD in most cases is inferior to solvent borne 2-component PU systems.Therefore the combination of PU dispersion and UV/EB curable technology has led to new innovative waterborne polymers called UV curable polyurethane dispersions (UVPUD). UVPUD are zero VOC systems as they are coalescent free. They are higher in molecular weight than standard UV curable products resulting in lower shrinkage coatings and provide good adhesion to substrates. Their low-viscosity makes them suitable for application by spray, curtain coater and even roller coater, without having to use monomers. UVPUD display superior chemical and mechanical properties necessary to protect high quality surface from the challenging usage conditions. UVPUD resins are therefore tailor-made to address performance needs like excellence in outdoor durability, scratch resistance, stain resistance, adhesion etc. UVPUD technology is now growing rapidly in industrial coatings for applications such as resilient flooring, wooden parquet flooring, automotive interior plastics, mobile phones etc. (Author)

  17. Mobile robotics application in the nuclear industry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mobile robots have been developed to perform hazardous operations in place of human workers. Applications include nuclear plant inspection/maintenance, decontamination and decommissioning police/military explosive ordinance disposal (EOD), hostage/terrorist negotiations and fire fighting. Nuclear facilities have proven that robotic applications can be cost-effective solutions to reducing personnel exposure and plant downtime. The first applications of mobile robots in the nuclear industry began in the early 1980's, with the first vehicles being one of a kind machines or adaptations of commercial EOD robots. These activities included efforts by numerous commercial companies, the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, EPRI, and several national laboratories. Some of these efforts were driven by the recovery and cleanup activities at TMI which demonstrated the potential and need for a remote means of performing surveillance and maintenance tasks in nuclear plants. The use of these machines is now becoming commonplace in nuclear facilities throughout the world. The hardware maturity and the confidence of the users has progressed to the point where the applications of mobile robots is not longer considered a novelty. These machines are being used in applications where the result is to help achieve more aggressive goals for personnel radiation exposure and plant availability, perform tasks more efficiently, and allow plant operators to retrieve information from areas previously considered inaccessible. Typical examples include surveillance in high radiation areas (during operation and outage activities), radiation surveys, waste handling, and decontamination evolutions. This paper will discuss this evolution including specific applications experiences, examples of currently available technology, and the benefits derived from the use of mobile robotic vehicles in commercial nuclear power facilities

  18. Applications of Electrocoagulation in treatment of Industrial Wastewater : A Review

    OpenAIRE

    Er. Devendra Dohare; Tina Sisodia

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this paper is to review the relevant literature that published from 2007 to 2013 on topics related to Electrocoagulation within the wastewater. The Elecrocoagulation applications discussed here were divided into following 4 categories: - textile industry, tannery industry, pulp and paper industry and food industry wastewater.

  19. Applications of Electrocoagulation in treatment of Industrial Wastewater : A Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Er. Devendra Dohare

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to review the relevant literature that published from 2007 to 2013 on topics related to Electrocoagulation within the wastewater. The Elecrocoagulation applications discussed here were divided into following 4 categories: - textile industry, tannery industry, pulp and paper industry and food industry wastewater.

  20. PEM-based polarimeters for industrial applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Baoliang

    2010-11-01

    A polarimeter is an optical instrument used in the transmissive mode for determining the polarization state of a light beam, or the polarization-altering properties of a sample, such as diattenuation, retardation and depolarizion.1 (Reflective "polarimeters" are typically called ellipsometers.) Polarimeters can, thus, be broadly categorized as either light-measuring polarimeters or sample-measuring polarimeters. A light-measuring polarimeter is also known as a Stokes polarimeter, which measures the polarization state of a light beam as described by the Stokes parameters. A sample-measuring polarimeter is also known as a Mueller polarimeter, which measures the complete set or a subset of polarization-altering properties of a sample. Polarimeters can also be categorized by whether they measure the complete set of polarization properties. If a Stokes polarimeter measures all four Stokes parameters, it is called a complete Stokes polarimeter; otherwise, an incomplete or a special Stokes polarimeter. Similarly, there are complete and incomplete Mueller polarimeters. Nearly all samplemeasuring polarimeters are incomplete or special polarimeters, particularly for industrial applications. These special polarimeters bear different names. For example, a circular dichroism spectrometer, which measures the differential absorption between left and right circularly polarized light (▵A= AL - AR), is a special polarimeter for measuring the circular diattenuation of a sample; a linear birefringence measurement system is a special polarimeter for measuring the linear retardation of a sample. Polarimeters have a broad range of applications in both academic research and industrial metrology. Polarimeters are applied to chemistry, biology, physics, astronomy, material science and many other scientific areas. Polarimeters are used as metrology tools in the semiconductor, fiber telecommunication, flat panel display, pharmaceutical and many other industries. Different branches of

  1. An HTR cogeneration system for industrial applications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Because of its favourable characteristics of safety and simplicity the high-temperature reactor (HTR) could become a competitive heat source for a cogeneration unit. The Netherlands is a world leading country in the field of cogeneration. As nuclear energy remains an option for the medium and long term in this country, systems for nuclear cogeneration should be explored and developed. Hence, ECN Nuclear Research is developing a conceptual design of an HTR for Combined generation of Heat and Power (CHP) for the industry in and outside the Netherlands. The design of this small CHP-unit for industrial applications is mainly based on a pre-feasibility study in 1996, performed by a joint working group of five Dutch organisations, in which technical feasibility was shown. The concept that was subject of this study, INCOGEN, used a 40 MW thermal pebble bed HTR and produced a maximum amount of electricity plus low temperature heat. The system has been improved to produce industrial quality heat, and has been renamed ACACIA. The output of this installation is 14 MW electricity and 17 tonnes of steam per hour, with a pressure of 10 bar and a temperature of 220 deg. C. The economic characteristics of this installation turned out to be much more favourable using modern data. The research work for this installation is embedded in a programme that has links to the major HTR projects in the world. Accordingly ECN participates in several IAEA Co-ordinated Research Programmes (CRPs). Besides this, ECN is involved in the South African PBMR-project. Finally, ECN participates in the European Concerted Action on Innovative HTR. (author)

  2. JAERI FEL applications in nuclear energy industries

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The JAERI FEL has first discovered the new FEL lasing of 255fs ultra fast pulse, 6-9% high efficiency, 1GW high peak power, a few kilowatts average power, and wide tunability of medium and far infrared wavelength regions at the same time. Using the new lasing and energy-recovery linac technology, we could extend a more powerful and more efficient free-electron laser (FEL) than 10kW and 25%, respectively, for nuclear energy industries, and others. In order to realize such a tunable, highly-efficient, high average power, high peak power and ultra-short pulse FEL, we need the efficient and powerful FEL driven by the JAERI compact, stand alone and zero boil-off super-conducting RF linac with an energy-recovery geometry. Our discussions on the FEL will cover the application of non-thermal peeling, cutting, and drilling to prevent cold-worked stress-corrosion cracking failures in nuclear energy and other heavy industries. (author)

  3. BR2 reactor: medical and industrial applications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The radioisotopes are produced for various applications in the nuclear medicine (diagnostic, therapy, palliation of metastatic bone pain), industry (radiography of welds ...), agriculture (radiotracers ...) and basic research. Due to the availability of high neutron fluxes (thermal neutron flux up to 1015 n/cm2.s), the BR2 reactor is considered as a major facility through its contribution for a continuous supply of products such as 99Mo (99mTc), 131I, 133Xe, 192Ir, 186Re, 90Sm, 131Y, 32P, 188W (188Re), 203Hg, 82Br, 41Ar, 125I, 177Lu, 89Sr, 60Co, 169Yb, 147Nd, ... Neutron Transmutation Doped (NTD) silicon is produced for the semiconductor industry in the SIDONIE (Silicon Doping by Neutron Irradiation Experiment) facility, which is designed to continuously rotate and traverse the silicon through the neutron flux. These combined movements produce exceptional dopant homogeneity in batches of silicon measuring 4 and 5-inches in diameter by up to 750 mm in length

  4. Magnetic force control technique in industrial application

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Techniques of the magnetic force control have been examined for industrial application. The problems and the technique are different in dispersion medium of gas and that of liquid. In addition, the method is different depending on the magnetic characteristic of the target objects. In case of the liquid, the dispersion medium having different viscosity was examined. The separation speed is decided with the magnitude of the magnetic force because a drag force increases with the viscosity. When the water is the dispersion medium, magnetic seeding is possible and hence the nonmagnetic materials can be separated and even the dissolved material could be separated. The separation technique has been used for purifying the waste water form paper mill or wash water of drum. On the other hand when the water is not dispersion medium, mainly the ferromagnetism particle becomes the target object because the magnetic seeding becomes difficult. The iron fragments have been separated from the slurry of slicing machine of solar battery. It has been clarified high gradient magnetic separation (HGMS) can be applied for the viscous fluid of which viscosity was as high as 10 Pa s. When the dispersion medium is gaseous material, the air is important. The drag force from air depends greatly on Reynolds number. When speed of the air is small, the Reynolds number is small, and the drag force is calculated by the Stokes' law of resistance. The study with gaseous dispersion medium is not carried out much. The magnetic separation will discuss the possibility of the industrial application of this technique.

  5. Applications of industrial machine vision systems in the nuclear energy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the paper, two multi-functional machine systems basically developed for the industrial robotics and representing the state of the art are presented. Their potential applications in the nuclear industry (nuclear power plants and fuel cycle facilities) are reviewed

  6. OIT Wireless Telemetry for Industrial Applications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Manges, WW

    2002-09-03

    ability of wireless sensor networks to operate cooperatively in an environment that includes wireless LANs, wireless headsets, RF heating, wireless crane controls and many other users of the electromagnetic spectrum will probably be the most important issue we can address. A network of units (Figure 1) has been developed that demonstrates the feasibility of direct-sequence spread spectrum wireless sensor networking for industrial environments. The hardware consists of a group of reprogrammable transceivers that can act as sensor nodes or network nodes or both. These units and the team that built them are the heart of a test bed development system that has been used successfully in demonstrations at various industrial sites. As previously reported, these units have been successfully tested at a paper mill. More recently, these units were utilized in a permanent installation at a steel mill. Both of these applications demonstrated the ease with which a new network could be installed, and the reality that DSSS units can operate successfully in plants where narrow band transmitters had previously caused interference with plant operations.

  7. Industrial wireless sensor networks applications, protocols, and standards

    CERN Document Server

    Güngör, V Çagri

    2013-01-01

    The collaborative nature of industrial wireless sensor networks (IWSNs) brings several advantages over traditional wired industrial monitoring and control systems, including self-organization, rapid deployment, flexibility, and inherent intelligent processing. In this regard, IWSNs play a vital role in creating more reliable, efficient, and productive industrial systems, thus improving companies' competitiveness in the marketplace. Industrial Wireless Sensor Networks: Applications, Protocols, and Standards examines the current state of the art in industrial wireless sensor networks and outline

  8. Biometrics and smart card based applications for nuclear industry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Biometrics has emerged as a convenient, foolproof and well-accepted technology for identification around the globe. Nucleonix has developed innovative solutions based on finger scan biometrics for various industries. This paper closely looks into the application areas for the nuclear industry and how it will benefit this industry, in terms of identification, access control, security of PCs and applications, attendance, machinery usage control and other custom applications. (author)

  9. Handbook of industrial refractories technology principles, types, properties and applications

    CERN Document Server

    Caniglia, Stephen

    1989-01-01

    Encompasses the entire range of industrial refractory materials and forms: properties and their measurement, applications, manufacturing, installation and maintenance techniques, quality assurance, and statistical process control.

  10. Accurate atomic data for industrial plasma applications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Griesmann, U.; Bridges, J.M.; Roberts, J.R.; Wiese, W.L.; Fuhr, J.R. [National Inst. of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD (United States)

    1997-12-31

    Reliable branching fraction, transition probability and transition wavelength data for radiative dipole transitions of atoms and ions in plasma are important in many industrial applications. Optical plasma diagnostics and modeling of the radiation transport in electrical discharge plasmas (e.g. in electrical lighting) depend on accurate basic atomic data. NIST has an ongoing experimental research program to provide accurate atomic data for radiative transitions. The new NIST UV-vis-IR high resolution Fourier transform spectrometer has become an excellent tool for accurate and efficient measurements of numerous transition wavelengths and branching fractions in a wide wavelength range. Recently, the authors have also begun to employ photon counting techniques for very accurate measurements of branching fractions of weaker spectral lines with the intent to improve the overall accuracy for experimental branching fractions to better than 5%. They have now completed their studies of transition probabilities of Ne I and Ne II. The results agree well with recent calculations and for the first time provide reliable transition probabilities for many weak intercombination lines.

  11. Applications of Copper Vapour Lasers in science and industry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Scientific applications of tunable lasers pumped by Copper Vapour Lasers include AVLIS, RIMS, atmospheric OH detection and laser guide stars. Industrial applications include high speed photography and micromachining. (author)

  12. Radiation curing technology progress and its industrial applications in Japan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Optics, electronics and display industries are now the driving forces for the Japanese radiation curing technology. The purpose of this paper is to overview the newly developed radiation curing technology in Japan, in particular, its industrial applications, and to present the market figures in radiation curing applications, which were surveyed by RadTech Japan in 2002 afresh. (author)

  13. Nucleonic guages in Philippine industry: current applications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nucleonic gauges have been used in Philippine industries for more than thirty years. There are now close to 500 units being used to determine and/or control level, density, concentration, weight and other parameters. Gauges are found in the food, cement, mineral processing, steel, paper, cigarette, plastic and construction industries. (author)

  14. Technological and industrial applications of neutrons

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A review of the applications of neutrons in technology and industry is presented. One of the most important uses of neutrons is the production of radioactive isotopes for many different purposes. The exposure of stable elements to reactor neutrons has now become a routine technique, with several thousand irradiations performed every year in reactors equipped with the appropriate installations. Multiple capture and isotopically enriched or radioactive target material must be used for the production of isotopes farther off the valley of stability. Another well-established method that requires the availability of neutrons is neutron radiography, a procedure for the nondestructive testing of materials. For light objects that present little attenuation to x-rays, for thick and heavy material with too strong absorption of electromagnetic radiation, and for samples with components of similar atomic number which show little contrast in x-ray or γ-ray radiographs, neutron radiography is often the only alternative. Whereas neutron radiographs made at reactors are now of excellent quality in terms of contrast and resolution, much effort is presently devoted to the development of mobile neutron sources that allow a reasonable compromise of exposure time and picture quality. An equally well-developed technique is the use of neutrons for analytical purposes. A powerful routine method for the quantitative determination of elements is activation analysis based upon capture of thermal neutrons from a reactor, with subsequent radioactive decay. The utilization of other reactions such as (n,p), (n,α) and (n,2n) and other sources is under development in several places

  15. Videoscope applications in oil and gas industries

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The need of inspection not only for external condition but for both internal and external. How we are going to check and know the internal condition of a piping as small as 4 inch or tube sheet of 10 mm outside diameter. Due to the nature of its operation which carries high temperature products or water it is very essential to know the internal condition before its too late where this may cause explosion or failure to any part or equipment which will claim lives and causes huge lost to the plant owner. With the aid of video scope inspection service or commonly called CCTV you now can see and inspect the internal condition of a small pipe or tube sheet or any in access item or equipment. Not only you can inspect but with the latest CCTV technologies you also can size the defect length and record the findings in CD-Rom for monitoring purposes. You can observe the growth of a defects and decide whether or not to repair or when to repair. CCTV has many field application beside normal tube inspection?its also can be used for special task such to inspect cause of blockage, to check any left over materials before box-up, to confirm presence or absence, etc. With various camera sizes and with or without control head many inspection task has been successfully completed.Normal defect that can be expected from CCTV inspection are such as erosion, burn trough, blockage, hard sediments, left behind item (before the box beam) pitting, etc. We have experience in inspecting the following items for major oil and gas petrochemical plant as well as special request from various industries sector. (Author)

  16. Application of Actuarial Modelling in Insurance Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Burcã Ana-Maria; Bãtrînca Ghiorghe

    2011-01-01

    In insurance industry, the financial stability of insurance companies represents an issue of vital importance. In order to maintain the financial stability and meet minimum regulatory requirements, actuaries apply actuarial modeling. Modeling has been at the center of actuarial science and of all the sciences from the beginning of their journey. In insurance industry, actuarial modeling creates a framework that allows actuaries to identify, understand, quantify and manage a wide range of risk...

  17. Applications of Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) in Mining Industries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khairul Nizam Mahmad, Mohd; Z, Mohd Remy Rozainy M. A.; Baharun, Norlia

    2016-06-01

    RFID technology has recently become a dream of many companies or organizations because of its strategic potential in transforming mining operations. Now is the perfect time, for RFID technology arise as the next revolution in mining industries. This paper will review regarding the application of RFID in mining industries and access knowledge regarding RFID technology and overseen the opportunity of this technology to become an importance element in mining industries. The application of Radio-Frequency Identification (RFID) in mining industries includes to control of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE), control of personnel to access mining sites and RFID solutions for tracking explosives.

  18. Radiotracer applications in industry - A guidebook

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    and CFD calculations. This approach can be extended to many industrial situations. (3) Tracer experiments in a wastewater treatment plant (WWTP). The efficiency of several devices in a WWTP (primary and secondary clarifiers, aeration tank) is investigated by means of radiotracers. Modelling allows characterization of the flow patterns (bypassing, stagnant zones) in these devices. (4) Radioactive tracers in oil and geothermal fields. This section describes tracer preparation, injection, sampling and measurement, as well as several case applications for interwell communications and flow parameter determination

  19. Radiotracer applications in industry and environment in India

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Isotope Applications and Radiopharmaceuticals Division, BARC, Mumbai has over the last four decades, made pioneering contribution to the development and promotion of industrial applications of radiotracers for industrial troubleshooting and process control. The centre alone has carried out more than 300 field-scale radiotracer investigations to benefit the Indian industry. The commonly carried out radiotracers applications in India include: ED Leak detection in buried pipeline and industrial systems; Flow rate measurements; Mixing/blending time measurements; Residence time distribution in process vessels; Sediment transport investigations in ports; Effluent dispersion studies in water bodies; Wear rate measurements; Radioactive particle tracking technique for flow visualization and design optimization; Radiotracer applications in oil field investigations. Some of the above applications will be discussed during the presentation with specific case studies carried out in India. India has fairly advanced infrastructure/facilities and good expertise for applications of radiotracers in industry. The radiotracer technology is well developed and services have been routinely provided to Indian industry for troubleshooting, process diagnosis and optimization on commercial basis. The Indian industry has been enormously benefited from the applications of radiotracer techniques and the cost to benefit ratio in different applications varies from 1:10 to 1:150. In addition to the routine radiotracer applications in industry, various academic institutes and R and D departments of public sector companies in India have been using radiotracer technique in chemical engineering research, particularly for design evaluation of chemical reactors. The availability of indigenously developed microprocessor based, computer controlled data acquisition systems have made in possible to develop new radiotracer techniques such as 'Radioactive Particle Tracking Technique' and

  20. Novel radioisotope applications in industry promoted by the IAEA

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Presently, there is a lively activity in further development and use of radioisotope technology. Novel radioisotope applications in industry are promoted by the IAEA. Radioisotope technology is contributing significantly to improving and optimising process performance bringing an annual economic benefit to industry of several billion US$. Probably, an average benefit to cost ratio of 40: 1 is reasonably representative of radioisotope applications in industry. There are few short-term investments, which will give a return of this magnitude. The cost effectiveness of radioisotope applications should be widely promulgated to encourage industrialists to take full advantage of the technology. (author)

  1. The recent industrial EB applications in Japan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The conventional applications of electron beam processing such as, crosslinking of electric wire and cable insulations, polyethylene foam, and of rubber tire components have been the main part of the EB business for many years. New applications are continuing to appear, however, the growth of the new applications has been relatively slow. Nissin High-Voltage, as one of the worlds leading manufacturers of electron beam equipments, continues to develop and improve EB equipment to meet the requirements of these new applications. In this paper recent EB applications and its improvements are described. (author)

  2. Application and industrialization of irradiation processing technique

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Irradiation processing technique is a new processing technique. At present, there are 40 sets of electron accelerators have been built or are building for industry are, total power comes to 1436 kw. The products provided have been 8 types and several ten kinds. Current status of radiation processing technique at home and abroad are reviewed

  3. Applications of neutron activation analysis in industry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Neutron activation analysis technique is discussed in brief. This technique is used for quality control of raw materials, process materials and finished products, as well as activities in research and development for the improvement of the products and new products. The uses of this technique in several experienced industries are mentioned (author)

  4. Smart Inverters for Utility and Industry Applications

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Xue, Yaosuo; Guerrero, Josep M.

    2015-01-01

    system control and communication requirements during both normal and faulty operations. Challenges may present when multiple distributed inverters are required to collectively achieve a common goal. With Industry 4.0, it is expected that smart inverters will be highly demanded at conversion and...

  5. Application of Thermoeconomics to Industrial Ecology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alicia Valero

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Industrial Ecology involves the transformation of industrial processes from linear to closed loop systems: matter and energy flows which were initially considered as wastes become now resources for existing or new processes. In this paper, Thermoeconomics, commonly used for the optimization and diagnosis of energy systems, is proposed as a tool for the characterization of Industrial Ecology. Thermoeconomics is based on the exergy analysis (Thermodynamics but goes further by introducing the concepts of purpose and cost (Economics. It is presented in this study as a systematic and general approach for the analysis of waste flow integration. The formulation is based on extending the thermoeconomic process of the cost formation of wastes in order to consider their use as input for other processes. Consequently, it can be applied to important Industrial Ecology issues such as identification of integration possibilities and efficiency improvement, quantification of benefits obtained by integration, or determination of fair prices based on physical roots. The capability of the methodology is demonstrated by means of a case study based on the integration of a power plant, a cement kiln and a gas-fired boiler.

  6. Industrial applications of titanium and zirconium: Fourth volume

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This book presents industrial applications of titanium and zirconium. This book also contains information on other reactive and refractory metals, including niobium, tantalum, and hafnium. There are fourteen (14) peer-reviewed papers which target these subjects: the applications of titanium; the applications of zirconium and other reactive metals and the technology of titanium and zirconium

  7. The Application of Cloud Innovation in Industrial Design Education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jiang Li-jun

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available According to the domestic status of students’ study and practice of industrial design, the application of cloud innovation in industrial design education was proposed to realize online design reviews, dissemination and sharing, virtual display and demand-oriented collaborative design. The basic framework and function of cloud innovation system were analyzed to solve three problems: design relearning, lack of creative communication, separation between education and enterprise production of industrial design.

  8. Applications of radioisotopes in industry and healthcare in Vietnam

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dien, N.N.; Quang, N.H. [Nucealr Research Institute, Dalat, (Viet Nam)

    1997-10-01

    Nowadays, in Vietnam radioisotopes have been used very widely in various socio-economic branches, especially in industry and healthcare. Applications of radioisotopes have significant meaning in economic development, people health protection, as well as in scientific research. In this paper, the present status and main applications of radiation and radioactive isotopes in industry and healthcare in Vietnam are reported. In order to control and monitor industrial processes, nucleonic control systems and radioactive tracer techniques have been utilized. Actually, sealed source applications are popular in Vietnam industry. A number of nuclear control devices and gauges have been used in the various industrial factories, such as liquid level gauges in steel industry, cement and beverage factories; density and moisture gauges in paper industry, etc. Tracer technique and sealed source applications have also been utilized in industrial production plants and in trouble-shooting in the petroleum industry. For medicine purposes, two departments of nuclear medicine were primarily established at the beginning of the 1970s. At the present time, a number of nuclear medicine departments have been set up and they have been equipped with advanced equipment. Main activities are focused on thyroid function studies, nuclear cardiology, brain scans, gastrointestinal studies, bone scans, etc. Since march 1984 Dalat nuclear research reactor of nominal power of 500 kW has been reconstructed and put into operation. This reactor is unique in Vietnam and has become an important scientific tool for development of nuclear techniques and radioisotope applications for socio-economic progress. Thanks to this important scientific tool, a variety of radioisotopes for medicine and industry applications as well as for scientific research has been produced. Utilization of the Dalat research reactor for radioisotope production is also summarized in this paper

  9. Applications of radioisotopes in industry and healthcare in Vietnam

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nowadays, in Vietnam radioisotopes have been used very widely in various socio-economic branches, especially in industry and healthcare. Applications of radioisotopes have significant meaning in economic development, people health protection, as well as in scientific research. In this paper, the present status and main applications of radiation and radioactive isotopes in industry and healthcare in Vietnam are reported. In order to control and monitor industrial processes, nucleonic control systems and radioactive tracer techniques have been utilized. Actually, sealed source applications are popular in Vietnam industry. A number of nuclear control devices and gauges have been used in the various industrial factories, such as liquid level gauges in steel industry, cement and beverage factories; density and moisture gauges in paper industry, etc. Tracer technique and sealed source applications have also been utilized in industrial production plants and in trouble-shooting in the petroleum industry. For medicine purposes, two departments of nuclear medicine were primarily established at the beginning of the 1970s. At the present time, a number of nuclear medicine departments have been set up and they have been equipped with advanced equipment. Main activities are focused on thyroid function studies, nuclear cardiology, brain scans, gastrointestinal studies, bone scans, etc. Since march 1984 Dalat nuclear research reactor of nominal power of 500 kW has been reconstructed and put into operation. This reactor is unique in Vietnam and has become an important scientific tool for development of nuclear techniques and radioisotope applications for socio-economic progress. Thanks to this important scientific tool, a variety of radioisotopes for medicine and industry applications as well as for scientific research has been produced. Utilization of the Dalat research reactor for radioisotope production is also summarized in this paper

  10. Thermal storage technologies for solar industrial process heat applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gordon, L. H.

    1979-01-01

    The state-of-the-art of thermal storage subsystems for the intermediate and high temperature (100 C to 600 C) solar industrial process heat generation is presented. Primary emphasis is focused on buffering and diurnal storage as well as total energy transport. In addition, advanced thermal storage concepts which appear promising for future solar industrial process heat applications are discussed.

  11. Design and Test of Object Aligning Grippers for Industrial Applications

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ellekilde, Lars-Peter; Petersen, Henrik Gordon

    2006-01-01

    In this paper we will present a new concept for gripping objects in industrial applications. We assume that a priori, the object pose is only known with a relative low accuracy. Despite this, our method can lead to high accuracy gripping suitable for e.g. industrial assembly. Our concept...

  12. The influence of industrial applications on a control system toolbox

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Vsystem is as an open, advanced software application toolbox for rapidly creating fast, efficient and cost-effective control and data-acquisition systems. Vsystem's modular architecture is designed for single computers, networked computers and workstations running under VAX/VMS or VAX/ELN. At the heart of Vsystem lies Vaccess, a user extendible real-time database and library of access routines. The application database provides the link to the hardware of the application and can be organized as one database or separate database installed in different computers on the network. Vsystem has found application in charged-particle accelerator control, tokamak control, and industrial research, as well as its more recent industrial applications. This paper describes the broad feature of Vsystem and the influence that recent industrial applications have had on the software. (author)

  13. Application of nuclear instruments in China`s industry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lu Yan-xiao [China Nuclear Information Center, Beijing (China); Cai Shan-yu; Wang Yi-shan; Lun Xiao [China Institute of Atomic Energy, Beijing (China)

    1994-12-31

    The progress of nuclear instruments and their applications in China`s industries have been greatly dependent on the development of social economy. In recent years, the economy in China demands an increasing application of industrial nuclear instruments. The reliability of system performance and its adaptability are prerequisites to ensure widespread application in industry. Through the efforts over 40 years, a sound foundation for the development of nuclear instruments and their application has formed in China with the establishment of a comprehensive nuclear industrial system and skilled technical teams. The international cooperation and technical exchange between China and other countries has provided more opportunities to absorb new concepts, new ideas and new technology for upgrading current products and shorten the gap with the developed countries.

  14. Advances in Information Technology and Industry Applications

    CERN Document Server

    2012-01-01

    With success of ICEEE 2010 in Wuhan, China, and December 4 to 5, 2010, the second International Conference of Electrical and Electronics Engineering (ICEEE 2011) will be held in Macau, China, and December 1 to 2, 2011. ICEEE is an annual conference to call together researchers, engineers, academicians as well as industrial professionals from all over the world to present their research results and development activities in Electrical and Electronics Engineering along with Computer Science and Technology, Communication Technology, Artificial Intelligence, Information Technology, etc.   This year ICEEE is sponsored by International Industrial Electronics Center, Hong Kong. And based on the deserved reputation, more than 750 papers have been submitted to ICEEE 2011, from which about 94 high quality original papers have been selected for the conference presentation and inclusion in the “Advanced Computer, Communication, and Control” book based on the referees’ comments from peer-refereed. All the papers wi...

  15. Application of photogrammetry technology to industrial inspection

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, De-hai; Liang, Jin; Guo, Cheng; Chen, Zhi-xin

    2010-02-01

    In order to meet the requirement of obtaining the object figure quickly and accurately, XJTUDP software has been developed successfully by oneself based on photogrammetry theory. The contents of composing and explored of this system are introduced in this paper. The VDI/VDE2634 testing program is taken as referenced project, the self-designed framework of cube is taken as tested target, and then the conclusion that precision of XJTUDP may meet the standard of industrial measurement has been reached out. Finally, large-scale waterwheel leave is taken as example to conduct measuring, it is proved that photogrammetry system explored by ourselves may be imposed applying on the field of industrial measuring successfully.

  16. Industrial application of the gamma rays

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The advance in the production of the sealed sources of Ir-192 and their containers have been very useful and beneficent for the radiological protection of the operators of these sources in the practice of the industrial X-rays. The manufacturers of these devices have improved their designs day to day in order to offer the maximum radiological protection to the moment to operate them. (Author)

  17. Industrial applications of mica track microfilters

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A Mica Microfilter Cascade Fractionator (MMCF) with mica filters of different hole sizes is applied in aerosol research and in pollution control investigations of environmental air near a working place at an industrial plant producing nuclear reactor fuel elements. The loaded filters allow the determination of the total mass load of air, the specific alpha-activity of air, the aerosol size distribution, size, shape, and chemical composition of individual aerosol particles (using SEM and attached dispersive x-ray microanalysis system). (author)

  18. Applications Of Mechanical Spectroscopy To Industrial Materials

    OpenAIRE

    Schaller R.

    2015-01-01

    The paper is a review of original results, which were obtained by mechanical spectroscopy in the development of industrial materials, such as grey cast iron (damping capacity), aluminum alloys (recrystallization), nickel alloys (grain boundary embrittlement) and gold alloys (hardening mechanisms). Moreover it is shown that the study of grain boundary sliding at high temperature has led to the development of new grades of zirconia exhibiting a high toughness and a good resistance to creep. It ...

  19. Environmental applications of steel industry solid wastes

    OpenAIRE

    Vega Aguirre, Noelia; Montes Morán, Miguel Ángel; Ovín Ania, María Concepción; Canals-Batlle, C.; González-Suárez, V.; Martín, María J.

    2009-01-01

    Various solid residues from steel industry were tested as adsorbents of hydrogen sulfide at high concentrations. Their performance towards the removal of thiocyanates from aqueous solutions was also studied. The H2S adsorption capacity was evaluated at room temperature under both dry and wet conditions. The removal efficiency for thiocyanate ions from solution was evaluated at high ionic concentration. In both cases the results were compared to those of other adsorb...

  20. Industrial Applications Of Holography In Aerospatiale

    Science.gov (United States)

    Le Floc'H, C.; Gagnage, B.

    1982-10-01

    AEROSPAT1ALE occupies a leading position in the European aerospace industry. Its industrial potential is exemplified by : - Its 4 divisions : Aircraft, Helicopters, Tactical Missiles and Space and Balistic Systems. - Its 11 factories. - Its 6 subsidiaries. The vitality of the firm can be demonstrated by a few figures : - Turnover (fiscal 1980 without the subsidiaries), 13, 169 millions French Francs. - Exports (in 1980), 48,2%. - Workforce (on 31st December 1980), 38,857 of whom 3,919 were with the subsidiaries. Among Aerospatiale products, we can quote : - Ariane. - Airbus. - Super Puma, Astar, Dauphin. - Tactical Missiles AS 15, AS 30, AM 59. - Satellites Meteostat, Intelsat V and Exosat. Certain projects were carried out in multi-national cooperation. These high-performance, high-reliability products presuppose the implementation of advanced technology. Hence, in order to maintain their standard, we use non-destructive testing thechniques such as X-rays or ultrasonics which have given complete satisfaction in the detection of flaws. However, to reduce the inspection contribution to the cost price of our products, we were led to develop new, large-scale methods, such as acoustic analysis and holographic interferometry. This paper covers the uses of holography in an industrial environment. We shall discuss the technical advantages of the method, illustrated by several examples,and the economical advantages, demonstrated by the practical example of an inspection line. Finally for the enhancement of Aerospatiale's technology (new materials, and holographic inspection) we will go on to outline other fields of activity.

  1. Industrial and technical applications of accelerators

    CERN Document Server

    Bethge, Klaus

    1998-01-01

    The course should cover the wide range of accelerator application in fields other than nuclear and atomic physics, or medicine. Ion as well as electron accelerators will be included in the discussion of their applications Examples from solid state physics, materials science, safety protection, art history and others will be discussed.

  2. Workshop on scientific and industrial applications of free electron lasers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A Workshop on Scientific and Industrial Applications of Free Electron Lasers was organized to address potential uses of a Free Electron Laser in the infrared wavelength region. A total of 13 speakers from national laboratories, universities, and the industry gave seminars to an average audience of 30 persons during June 12 and 13, 1989. The areas covered were: Free Electron Laser Technology, Chemistry and Surface Science, Atomic and Molecular Physics, Condensed Matter, and Biomedical Applications, Optical Damage, and Optoelectronics

  3. Review of Industrial Applications of Structural Reliability Theory

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thoft-Christensen, Palle

    For the last two decades we have seen an increasing interest in applying structural reliability theory to many different industries. However, the number of real practical applications is much smaller than what one would expect.......For the last two decades we have seen an increasing interest in applying structural reliability theory to many different industries. However, the number of real practical applications is much smaller than what one would expect....

  4. The industrial applications of high energy electron accelerators

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Industrial Processing accelerator competes with other processing techniques and although it may have a 'Space Age' image it will only be used by industry if it is economically viable. The area of application that is changing with the evolution of high energy medium power accelerator is the use for medical sterilisation as an alternative to gamma but the future application that is evolving slowly and that will use many kilo watts of electron power is food. The processing accelerator is here to stay and it will extend its application into even more diverse applications in the future than it has in the past. (author)

  5. Ionization applications in food industry - Generalities

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper outlines different applications of the ionization in food treatments and their purposes. Irradiation of food with low doses (below 1 kgy) is used for germination inhibition, insects sterilization, disinfestation and senescence delays. Applications with medium doses (from 1 to 10 kgy) are used for extension of shelf life, elimination of pathogenic microorganisms and improving technological properties. Applications with high doses (superior to 10 Kgy) are used for food sterilization, only in some specific cases. Necessary doses in various applications of food ionization are given as well as minimal doses for food sterilization. In some cases where treatment of food by only ionization do not permit to attain the fixed object, ionizing treatment is combined with an other type of treatment as: refrigeration, heat treatments, packing, dehydration and chemical treatments. 3 tabs., 5 refs. (F.M.)

  6. Industrial Applications of High Power Ultrasonics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patist, Alex; Bates, Darren

    Since the change of the millennium, high-power ultrasound has become an alternative food processing technology applicable to large-scale commercial applications such as emulsification, homogenization, extraction, crystallization, dewatering, low-temperature pasteurization, degassing, defoaming, activation and inactivation of enzymes, particle size reduction, extrusion, and viscosity alteration. This new focus can be attributed to significant improvements in equipment design and efficiency during the late 1990 s. Like most innovative food processing technologies, high-power ultrasonics is not an off-the-shelf technology, and thus requires careful development and scale-up for each and every application. The objective of this chapter is to present examples of ultrasonic applications that have been successful at the commercialization stage, advantages, and limitations, as well as key learnings from scaling up an innovative food technology in general.

  7. Development and application of industrial radioisotope instruments in China

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Industrial radioisotope instruments are emerging as advanced monitoring, controlling and automation tools for industries in China. Especially the on-line analysis systems based on radioisotope instruments, referred to as nucleonic control systems (NCS), have more and more important role in the modernization and optimization of industrial processes. Over nearly four decades significant progress has been made in the development and application of radioisotope instruments in China. After a brief review of the history of radioisotope instruments, the state of the art of this kind of instruments and recent examples of their applications are given. Technical and economic benefits have resulted from the industrial applications of radioisotope instruments and the sales of products of their own in marketing. It is expected that along with the high speed growth of national economy, there will be greater demand for radioisotope instruments and nucleonic control systems in Chinese industry to promote the technological transformation and progress of traditional industries and to establish high-tech industries with technology-intensive products. Sustained efforts for the research and development of radioisotope instrument should be made to up-grade domestic instruments and to satisfy the needs of the smaller scale industries more common in China for low cost systems. (1 fig., 2 tabs.)

  8. Validation and industrial application of AFM

    OpenAIRE

    Kofod, Niels

    2002-01-01

    This thesis has been prepared as one of the requirements of the industrial researcher and Ph.D- degree. This thesis represented the 2 nd version of this thesis. The work has been carried out from January 1999 to January 2002 at The Danish Institute of Fundamental Metrology (DFM) and The Institute of Manufacturing Engineering and Management (IPL), Technical University of Denmark (DTU). The work has been carried out under supervision from Dr. Jørgen Garnæs, DFM, Dr. Techn. Leonardo De Chiffre, ...

  9. Quality of service in industrial applications

    OpenAIRE

    Leon-Chavez, Miguel; Thomesse, Jean-Pierre

    2002-01-01

    This paper presents an analysis of the Quality of Service (QoS) Architectures of the following communication networks: Fieldbuses (IEC 61158, WorldFIP and ControlNet) and Internet. The analysis takes into account, on one hand, the end-user requirements and, on the other hand, the different mechanisms defined by each model to meet and guarantee the end-user requirements. The analysis shows that it is required new QoS architectures in order to provide end-to-end QoS in distributed industrial ap...

  10. Industrial Application Of Environmentally Conscious Design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    McAloone, Timothy Charles

    This book is an adaptation of the author’s PhD thesis, in which he explored environmentally conscious design in the electrical/electronics industry sector. In this new and rapidly evolving field, existing research has not yet sought to understand the causes of success and the problems experienced...... the design process is key to environmentally conscious design;- the environmental profile of a product is affected the most in the very early stages of the design process, particularly in the pre-specification stage, where tools for environmentally conscious design decision-making are lacking;- an...

  11. Application of Nanotechnology and Nanomaterials in Oil and Gas Industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nabhani, Nader; Emami, Milad; Moghadam, A. B. Taghavi

    2011-12-01

    Micro and nano technologies have already contributed significantly to technological advances in a number of industries, including electronics, biomedical, pharmaceutical, materials and manufacturing, aerospace, photography and more recently the energy industries. Micro and nanotechnologies have the potential to introduce revolutionary changes in several areas of the oil and gas industries such as exploration, drilling, production, refining and distribution. For example, nanosensors might provide more detailed and accurate information about reservoirs and smart fluids for enhanced oil recovery (EOR) and drilling. This paper examines and documents applicable nanotechnology base products that can improve the competitiveness of the oil and gas industry. The future challenges of nanotechnology application in the oil and gas industry are also discussed.

  12. Technology Roadmaps: Carbon Capture and Storage in Industrial Applications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2011-07-01

    A new technology roadmap on Carbon Capture and Storage in Industrial Applications, released today in Beijing, shows that carbon capture and storage (CCS) has the potential to reduce CO2 emissions from industrial applications by 4 gigatonnes in 2050. Such an amount is equal to roughly one-tenth of the total emission cuts needed from the energy sector by the middle of the century. This requires a rapid deployment of CCS technologies in various industrial sectors, and across both OECD and non-OECD countries. The roadmap, a joint report from the International Energy Agency (IEA) and the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), says that over 1800 industrial-scale projects are required over the next 40 years.

  13. Application of microbial α-amylase in industry - A review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paula Monteiro de Souza

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Amylases are one of the main enzymes used in industry. Such enzymes hydrolyze the starch molecules into polymers composed of glucose units. Amylases have potential application in a wide number of industrial processes such as food, fermentation and pharmaceutical industries. α-Amylases can be obtained from plants, animals and microorganisms. However, enzymes from fungal and bacterial sources have dominated applications in industrial sectors. The production of α-amylase is essential for conversion of starches into oligosaccharides. Starch is an important constituent of the human diet and is a major storage product of many economically important crops such as wheat, rice, maize, tapioca, and potato. Starch-converting enzymes are used in the production of maltodextrin, modified starches, or glucose and fructose syrups. A large number of microbial α-amylases has applications in different industrial sectors such as food, textile, paper and detergent industries. The production of α-amylases has generally been carried out using submerged fermentation, but solid state fermentation systems appear as a promising technology. The properties of each α-amylase such as thermostability, pH profile, pH stability, and Ca-independency are important in the development of fermentation process. This review focuses on the production of bacterial and fungal α-amylases, their distribution, structural-functional aspects, physical and chemical parameters, and the use of these enzymes in industrial applications.

  14. Industrial Applications of radioisotopes and radiation technology and Agency's role

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Applications of radioisotopes and radiation technology are contributing significantly in many areas of science and technology, industry and environment, towards sustainable development, improving the quality of life and cleaner and safer national industries. There are three major classes impacting industrial scale operations, namely, (a) radiation processing/treatment, (b) radiotracer and sealed source techniques to monitor industrial processes/columns/vessels and (c) industrial gamma radiography and tomography. Radiation processing applying gamma sources and electron accelerators for material treatment/modification is an established technology. There are over 160 gamma industrial irradiators and 1300 industrial electron accelerators in operation worldwide. Development of new materials, especially for health care and environment protection, and advanced products (for electronics, solar energy systems, biotechnology etc) are the main objectives of R and D activity in radiation processing technology. The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA, Agency) is involved in supporting both the development and transfer of radiation technology. Thanks to Agency's efforts, advanced radiation processing centres have been established in many Member States (MS), e.g. Malaysia, Egypt, Iran, Poland, Brazil, Hungary. Hydrogel dressing for wounds, radiation vulcanised latex, degraded natural polymer are examples of useful product outcomes. Demonstration of effective treatment of flue gas in pilot plant as well as industrial scale and industrial wastewater in pilot plant scale has shown promise for tackling industrial emissions/effluents using electron beam machines. Industrial radiotracer and gamma sealed source techniques are largely used for analyzing industrial process systems. Initially used as trouble-shooting measures, they play a vital role in process parameter optimization, improved productivity, on-line monitoring and could lead to even pre-commissioning benchmarking. Gamma

  15. Industrial Applications of radioisotopes and radiation technology and Agency's role

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: Applications of radioisotopes and radiation technology are contributing significantly in many areas of science and technology, industry and environment, towards sustainable development, improving the quality of life and cleaner and safer national industries. There are three major classes impacting industrial scale operations, namely, (a) radiation processing/treatment, (b) radiotracer and sealed source techniques to monitor industrial processes/columns/vessels and (c) industrial gamma radiography and tomography. Radiation processing applying gamma sources and electron accelerators for material treatment/modification is an established technology. There are over 160 gamma industrial irradiators and 1300 industrial electron accelerators in operation worldwide. Development of new materials, especially for health care and environment protection, and advanced products (for electronics, solar energy systems, biotechnology etc) are the main objectives of R and D activity in radiation processing technology. The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA, Agency) is involved in supporting both the development and transfer of radiation technology. Thanks to Agency's efforts, advanced radiation processing centres have been established in many Member States (MS), e.g. Malaysia, Egypt, Iran, Poland, Brazil, Hungary. Hydrogel dressing for wounds, radiation vulcanised latex, degraded natural polymer are examples of useful product outcomes. Demonstration of effective treatment of flue gas in pilot plant as well as industrial scale and industrial wastewater in pilot plant scale has shown promise for tackling industrial emissions/effluents using electron beam machines. Industrial radiotracer and gamma sealed source techniques are largely used for analyzing industrial process systems. Initially used as trouble-shooting measures, they play a vital role in process parameter optimization, improved productivity, on-line monitoring and could lead to even pre

  16. Industry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This chapter of the environmental control report deals with the environmental impact of the industry in Austria. It gives a review of the structure and types of the industry, the legal framework and environmental policy of industrial relevance. The environmental situation of the industry in Austria is analyzed in detail, concerning air pollution (SO2, NOx, CO2, CO, CH4, N2O, NH3, Pb, Cd, Hg, dioxin, furans), waste water, waste management and deposit, energy and water consumption. The state of the art in respect of the IPPC-directives (European Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control Bureau) concerning the best available techniques of the different industry sectors is outlined. The application of European laws and regulations in the Austrian industry is described. (a.n.)

  17. Solar energy in California industry - Applications, characteristics and potential

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barbieri, R. H.; Pivirotto, D. S.

    1978-01-01

    Results of a survey to determine the potential applicability of solar thermal energy to industrial processes in California are presented. It is found that if the heat for all industrial processes at temperatures below 212 F were supplied by solar energy, total state energy consumption could be reduced by 100 trillion Btus (2%), while the use of solar energy in processes between 212 and 350 F could displace 500 trillion Btus. The issues and problems with which solar energy must contend are illustrated by a description of fluid milk processing operations. Solar energy application is found to be technically feasible for processes with thermal energy requirements below 212 F, with design, and degree of technical, economic and management feasibility being site specific. It is recommended that the state provide support for federal and industrial research, development and demonstration programs in order to stimulate acceptance of solar process heat application by industry.

  18. Imaging spectrometer for process industry applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herrala, Esko; Okkonen, Jukka T.; Hyvarinen, Timo S.; Aikio, Mauri; Lammasniemi, Jorma

    1994-11-01

    This paper presents an imaging spectrometer principle based on a novel prism-grating-prism (PGP) element as the dispersive component and advanced camera solutions for on-line applications. The PGP element uses a volume type holographic plane transmission grating made of dichromated gelatin (DCG). Currently, spectrographs have been realized for the 400 - 1050 nm region but the applicable spectral region of the PGP is 380 - 1800 nm. Spectral resolution is typically between 1.5 and 5 nm. The on-axis optical configuration and simple rugged tubular optomechanical construction of the spectrograph provide a good image quality and resistance to harsh environmental conditions. Spectrograph optics are designed to be interfaced to any standard CCD camera. Special camera structures and operating modes can be used for applications requiring on-line data interpretation and process control.

  19. Industrial ceramics - Properties, forming and applications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    After a general introduction to ceramics (definition, general properties, elaboration, applications, market data), this book address conventional ceramics (elaboration, material types), thermo-structural ceramics (oxide based ceramics, non-oxide ceramics, fields of application, functional coatings), refractory ceramics, long fibre and ceramic matrix composites, carbonaceous materials, ceramics used for filtration, catalysis and the environment, ceramics for biomedical applications, ceramics for electronics and electrical engineering (for capacitors, magnetic, piezoelectric, dielectric ceramics, ceramics for hyper-frequency resonators), electrochemical ceramics, transparent ceramics (forming and sintering), glasses, mineral binders. The last chapter addresses ceramics used in the nuclear energy sector: in nuclear fuels and fissile material, absorbing ceramics and shields, in the management of nuclear wastes, new ceramics for reactors under construction or for future nuclear energy

  20. Validation and industrial application of AFM

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kofod, Niels

    This thesis has been prepared as one of the requirements of the industrial researcher and Ph.D- degree. This thesis represented the 2 nd version of this thesis. The work has been carried out from January 1999 to January 2002 at The Danish Institute of Fundamental Metrology (DFM) and The Institute...... of Manufacturing Engineering and Management (IPL), Technical University of Denmark (DTU). The work has been carried out under supervision from Dr. Jørgen Garnæs, DFM, Dr. Techn. Leonardo De Chiffre, IPL/DTU and Dr. Hans Nørgaard Hansen. I would like to thank my supervisors for their inspiration and...... Dirscherl and Mr. René Sobiecki for their big help to my project, and the Myhrwold foundation for financial support. ADC Denmark A/S has been an informal third part of this project represented by Jesper B. Rasmussen. The work has been funded by the Danish Academy of Technical Sciences (ATV) and DFM....

  1. Biobased Packaging - Application in Meat Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Wilfred Ruban

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Because of growing problems of waste disposal and because petroleum is a nonrenewable resource with diminishing quantities, renewed interest in packaging research is underway to develop and promote the use of “bio-plastics.” In general, compared to conventional plastics derived from petroleum, bio-based polymers have more diverse stereochemistry and architecture of side chains which enable research scientists a greater number of opportunities to customize the properties of the final packaging material. The primary challenge facing the food (Meat industry in producing bio-plastic packaging, currently, is to match the durability of the packaging with product shelf-life. Notable advances in biopolymer production, consumer demand for more environmentally-friendly packaging, and technologies that allow packaging to do more than just encompass the food are driving new and novel research and developments in the area of packaging for muscle foods. [Vet. World 2009; 2(2.000: 79-82

  2. Production of gaseous radiotracers for industrial applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharma, V K; Pant, H J; Goswami, Sunil; Jagadeesan, K C; Anand, S; Chitra, S; Rana, Y S; Sharma, Archana; Singh, Tej; Gujar, H G; Dash, Ashutosh

    2016-10-01

    This paper describes prerequisite tests, analysis and the procedure for irradiation of gaseous targets and production of gaseous radioisotopes i.e. argon-41 ((41)Ar) and krypton-79 ((79)Kr) in a 100MWTh DHRUVA reactor located at Bhabha Atomic Research Center (BARC), Trombay, Mumbai, India. The produced radioisotopes will be used as radiotracers for tracing gas phase in industrial process systems. Various details and prequalification tests required for irradiation of gaseous targets are discussed. The procedure for regular production of (41)Ar and (79)Kr, and assay of their activity were standardized. Theoretically estimated and experimentally produced amounts of activities of the two radioisotopes, irradiated at identical conditions, were compared and found to be in good agreement. Based on the various tests, radiological safety analysis and standardization of the irradiation procedure, necessary approval was obtained from the competent reactor operating and safety authorities for regular production of gaseous radiotracers in DHRUVA reactor. PMID:27518216

  3. Optical fiber multichannel spectrometer. Industrial applications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This spectrophotometrer, useful in laboratory as in on-line process control, allows in 400-900nm range the instantaneous restitution of optical absorption spectra. Two different applications have been developed: the first one is aimed at nuclear control, the second one for general use

  4. Miniaturised optical sensors for industrial applications

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jakobsen, Michael Linde; Hanson, Steen Grüner

    2010-01-01

    of the two optical solutions is less than 1 cm3, including the application specific integrated circuit (ASIC), which processes the data and interfaces a PC/Laptop directly via a USB driver. The sensors are designed for working distances of 2 and 12 mm for near field and far field, respectively. We...

  5. INDUSTRIAL APPLICATIONS AND FUTURE PROSPECTS OF MICROBIAL XYLANASES: A REVIEW

    OpenAIRE

    Saurabh Sudha Dhiman; Jitender Sharma; Bindu Battan

    2008-01-01

    Microbial enzymes such as xylanases enable new technologies for industrial processes. Xylanases (xylanolytic enzyme) hydrolyze complex polysaccharides like xylan. Research during the past few decades has been dedicated to enhanced production, purification, and characterization of microbial xylanase. But for commercial applications detailed knowledge of regulatory mechanisms governing enzyme production and functioning should be required. Since application of xylanase in the commercial sector i...

  6. Aerosol Filtration Application Using Fibrous Media An Industrial Perspective

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨传芳

    2012-01-01

    Filtration of aerosol particles using non-woven fibrous media is a common practice for air cleaning. It has found wide applications in industries and our daily lives. This paper overviews some of these applications and provides an industrial perspective. It starts from discussing aerosol filtration theory, followed by a brief review on the advancement of filtration media. After that, filtration applications in respiratory protection, dust collection, and engine in-take air cleaning are elaborated. These are the areas that the author sees as the typical needed ones in China's fast pace economical development endeavor, where air filtration enables the protection of human health, environment and equipment for sustainability.

  7. Some important applications of accelerators in medicine and industry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Accelerators, and cyclotrons in particular, have long been dedicated to research. Nowadays, they are industrial devices heavily used in various fields. The Belgian company Ion Beam Applications, probably the largest private company manufacturing cyclotrons, has largely contributed to the dissemination of this technology into the medical and radio-pharmaceutical community. This paper will present different applications of cyclotrons in these fields, from radioisotope production to radiotherapy, based on IBA's experience since 1986, date of construction of the CYCLONE 30 prototype, a cyclotron that revolutionized cyclotron technology for medicine and industry. Possible industrial applications of cyclotrons will also be mentioned, together with applications of another type of accelerator recently introduced in the market by IBA: the Rhodotron. (author)

  8. Industrial applications of ion track technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hanot, H.; Ferain, E.

    2009-03-01

    It4ip sa is a spin out from the Université Catholique de Louvain (Belgium) dedicated to the development and production of unique templates and membranes based on the combination of ion track technology of polymers. It supplies customers with hi-tech products, state-of-the-art research and product development services with template capability to make high value added membranes. Notably based on results coming from several collaborative R&D projects supported by European and Regional funding, recent improvements of ion track technology open new doors for fast growing applications in niche markets. This paper reviews some of these Hi-Tec applications in different fields such as in healthcare (oncology, drug control release combined to implant and artificial organs etc.), energy (fuel cells and batteries etc.), water de-contamination and electronics (OLED etc.).

  9. Industrial applications of ion track technology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hanot, H. [it4ip sa (Ion Track Technology for Innovative Products), Activalis (Z.I. C), rue Jules Bordet, 7180 Seneffe (Belgium)], E-mail: contact@it4ip.be; Ferain, E. [it4ip sa (Ion Track Technology for Innovative Products), Activalis (Z.I. C), rue Jules Bordet, 7180 Seneffe (Belgium); Unite de Physique et de Chimie des Hauts Polymeres, Universite catholique de Louvain Croix du Sud, 1, 1348 Louvain-la-Neuve (Belgium)

    2009-03-15

    It4ip sa is a spin out from the Universite Catholique de Louvain (Belgium) dedicated to the development and production of unique templates and membranes based on the combination of ion track technology of polymers. It supplies customers with hi-tech products, state-of-the-art research and product development services with template capability to make high value added membranes. Notably based on results coming from several collaborative R and D projects supported by European and Regional funding, recent improvements of ion track technology open new doors for fast growing applications in niche markets. This paper reviews some of these Hi-Tec applications in different fields such as in healthcare (oncology, drug control release combined to implant and artificial organs etc.), energy (fuel cells and batteries etc.), water de-contamination and electronics (OLED etc.)

  10. Industrial applications of ion track technology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    It4ip sa is a spin out from the Universite Catholique de Louvain (Belgium) dedicated to the development and production of unique templates and membranes based on the combination of ion track technology of polymers. It supplies customers with hi-tech products, state-of-the-art research and product development services with template capability to make high value added membranes. Notably based on results coming from several collaborative R and D projects supported by European and Regional funding, recent improvements of ion track technology open new doors for fast growing applications in niche markets. This paper reviews some of these Hi-Tec applications in different fields such as in healthcare (oncology, drug control release combined to implant and artificial organs etc.), energy (fuel cells and batteries etc.), water de-contamination and electronics (OLED etc.).

  11. Composable Industrial Internet Applications for Tiered Architectures

    OpenAIRE

    Harper, K. Eric; de Gooijer, Thijmen; Smiley, Karen

    2016-01-01

    A single vendor cannot provide complete IIoT end-to-end solutions because cooperation is required from multiple parties. Interoperability is a key architectural quality. Composability of capabilities, information and configuration is the prerequisite for interoperability, supported by a data storage infrastructure and defined set of interfaces to build applications. Secure collection, transport and storage of data and algorithms are expectations for collaborative participation in any IIoT sol...

  12. Applications of radiation within the wine industry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The objective was to test the feasibility of taint removal in industrial wines through the use of radiation. The process used the cobalt-60 source in the McMaster University Nuclear Reactor. When wine, composed mainly of water (∼87%), alcohol (∼10%), acid (∼2%), and anthrocyanins/tannins (∼0.1%), is irradiated, water molecules are hydrolyzed generating free radicals in solution. These free radicals are oxidizing agents that will oxidize other molecules in the wine. The focus has been a specific taint introduced into 2000-2001 vintages by the Asian lady-bird beetle (Harmonia Axyridis) whose population has increased dramatically of late. This taint - thought to be a methoxy-pyrazine - is detectable by taste in 1-2 parts per trillion (ppt). Preliminary sensory evaluation has shown that radiation dramatically improves tainted wines by eliminating the lady beetle taint. Chemical tests have indicated that radiation is acting as an oxidizing agent, reducing levels of SO2 (introduced into wines to prevent oxidation) by nearly 40-70%. Research ongoing involves the detection of the taint (the implicated methoxy-pyrazine) by mass spectrometry as a taint assessment tool, and an indicator that radiation has removed the taint

  13. Novel industrial application: flammable and toxic gas monitoring in the printing industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jacobson, Esther; Spector, Yechiel

    1999-12-01

    The present paper describes an Open Path Electro-Optical Gas Monitoring System specifically designed for in-situ on-line monitoring of flammable and toxic atmospheres in the Printing Industry in general, and for air-duct applications in particular. The printing industry posies unique fire hazards due to the variety of toxic and flammable chemical employed in the various printing process. Flammable material such as paper, ink, solvents, thinners, metal powders, cornstarch powders, cloth, synthetic materials are frequently used in the printing industry in several processes such as letter-pressing, lithography, screen printing etc.

  14. Application of Object-Based Industrial Controls for Cryogenics

    CERN Document Server

    Casas-Cubillos, J; Gomes, P; Pezzetti, M; Sicard, Claude Henri; Varas, F J

    2002-01-01

    The first application of the CERN Unified Industrial Control system (UNICOS) has been developed for the 1.8 K refrigerator at point 1.8 in mid-2001. This paper presents the engineering methods used for application development, in order to reach the objectives of maintainability and reusability, in the context of a development done by an external consortium of engineering firms. It will also review the lessons learned during this first development and the improvements planned for the next applications.

  15. Application Oriented Programming and Control of Industrial Robots

    OpenAIRE

    Nilsson, Klas

    1992-01-01

    Efficient use of industrial robots requires a strong interplay between user level commands, the motion control system, and external equipment. It should also be possible for an experienced application engineer to tailor the motion control to a specific application in a convenient way, instead of deficient utilization of the device or tricky user programming which is often the case today. A layered software architecture has been designed based on an application oriented view, considering typic...

  16. Gas turbine applications in the drying industry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tapper, R.C.

    2000-07-01

    The purpose of this report is to determine if it is feasible to utilize the hot exhaust gas discharged from gas turbines in direct applications. This report illustrates the technical feasibility and economic viability of using gas turbines in drying applications. The size of turbines in this investigation ranges from 2 MW to 10 MW. In addition, an implementation strategy has been developed to employ this new system. The method used to structure the scope of this undertaking is as follows: Step 1. Collecting information by contacting dryer manufacturer and companies drying different products. Information was also gathered by literature studies and the internet. Thomas register is a great tool when it comes to company and market searches. Step 2. Looking into if it is technically possible to use the exhaust gas directly into dryers. The parameters needed for these calculations were gathered in step 1, and some of the more important are temperature, mass flow, heat demand, and information about how the dryer works. The computer program Gatecycle is a great help when it comes to finding the right turbine for a dryer. Step 3. When it was obvious that it would work for some drying applications, the profitability was tested with the help of some spreadsheets. Step 4. The market was also evaluated as a last step. Market analysis was performed with the help of Porter's (Porter is one of the most famous strategy gurus) different models. The point of this is to find ways to be unique so that competitors will have a harder time copying the new system. It is shown in the report that for the right kind of projects, this new application for turbines is profitable. It is important to realize that this new system is not profitable for every drying plant. This is a general study with general input parameters. Every plant has its' own in-parameters and has to be evaluated individually. The most important factors determining if it is profitable or not are: Local electricity

  17. A positron camera for industrial application

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A positron camera for application to flow tracing and measurement in mechanical subjects is described. It is based on two 300 x 600 mm2 hybrid multiwire detectors; the cathodes are in the form of lead strips planted onto printed-circuit board, and delay lines are used to determine the location of photon interactions. Measurements of the positron detection efficiency (30 Hz μCi-1 for a centred unshielded source), the maximum data logging rate (3 kHz) and the spatial resolving power (point source response = 5.7 mm fwhm) are presented and discussed, and results from initial demonstration experiments are shown. (orig.)

  18. Application of the geothermal energy in the industrial processes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the worldwide practice, the geothermal energy application, as an alternative energy resource, can be of great importance. This is especially case in the countries where exceptional natural geothermal potential exists. Despite using geothermal energy for both greenhouses heating and balneology, the one can be successfully implemented in the heat requiring industrial processes. This kind of use always provides greater annual heat loading factor, since the industrial processes are not seasonal (or not the greater part of them). The quality of the geothermal resources that are available in Europe, dictates the use within the low-temperature range technological processes. However, these processes are significantly engaged in different groups of processing industries. But, beside this fact the industrial application of geothermal energy is at the beginning in the Europe. (Original)

  19. Review of neutron radiographic applications in industrial and biological systems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Neutron radiography is a non-destructive testing technique and is being used worldwide for the design and the development of reactor fuels for research and power reactors. It is also being used for non-destructive examination of nuclear industrial products. In addition to its explosives and other industrial sectors. In addition to its applications in industrial sectors, the technique is widely used for research and development activities in biological systems. A review of technical applications of neutron radiography in different fields particularly in nuclear fuel management, aerospace industry, explosives and biology is presented. The methodology of neutron radiography is also discussed in detail along with the advantages of the technique. In addition, the potential of the neutron radiography facility at PINSTECH has been described. (author)

  20. Industrial Applications of High Average Power FELS

    CERN Document Server

    Shinn, Michelle D

    2005-01-01

    The use of lasers for material processing continues to expand, and the annual sales of such lasers exceeds $1 B (US). Large scale (many m2) processing of materials require the economical production of laser powers of the tens of kilowatts, and therefore are not yet commercial processes, although they have been demonstrated. The development of FELs based on superconducting RF (SRF) linac technology provides a scaleable path to laser outputs above 50 kW in the IR, rendering these applications economically viable, since the cost/photon drops as the output power increases. This approach also enables high average power ~ 1 kW output in the UV spectrum. Such FELs will provide quasi-cw (PRFs in the tens of MHz), of ultrafast (pulsewidth ~ 1 ps) output with very high beam quality. This talk will provide an overview of applications tests by our facility's users such as pulsed laser deposition, laser ablation, and laser surface modification, as well as present plans that will be tested with our upgraded FELs. These upg...

  1. Potential Applications of Carbohydrases Immobilization in the Food Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Hélia Harumi Sato; Maria da Graça Nascimento; Pedro Carlos de Barros Fernandes; Patrícia de Oliveira Carvalho; Haroldo Yukio Kawaguti; Joelise de Alencar Figueira; Fabiano Jares Contesini

    2013-01-01

    Carbohydrases find a wide application in industrial processes and products, mainly in the food industry. With these enzymes, it is possible to obtain different types of sugar syrups (viz. glucose, fructose and inverted sugar syrups), prebiotics (viz. galactooligossacharides and fructooligossacharides) and isomaltulose, which is an interesting sweetener substitute for sucrose to improve the sensory properties of juices and wines and to reduce lactose in milk. The most important carbohydrases t...

  2. Artificial Neural Networks in Applications of Industrial Robots

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王克胜; JonathanLienhardt; 袁庆丰; 方明伦

    2004-01-01

    Artificial neural networks (ANNs) have been widely used to solve a number of problems to which analytical solutions are difficult to obtain using traditional mathematical approaches.Such problems exist also in the analysis of industrial robots. This paper presents an overview of ANN applications to robot kinematics, dynamics,control, trajectory and path planning, and sensing. Reasons for using or not using ANNs to industrial robots are explained as well.

  3. Industrial applications of electron beam; Przemyslowe zastosowamia wiazki elektronow

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chmielewski, A.G. [Institute of Nuclear Chemistry and Technology, Warsaw (Poland)

    1997-10-01

    The review of industrial applications with use of electron beams has been done. Especially the radiation technologies being developed in Poland have been shown. Industrial installations with electron accelerators as radiation source have been applied for: modification of polymers; modification of thyristors; sterilization of health care materials; radiopreservation of food and other consumer products; purification of combustion flue gases in heat and power plants. 14 refs, 6 tabs, 7 figs.

  4. Current and Future Nanotech Applications in the Oil Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Cocuzza Matteo; Pirri Candido; Rocca Rocca Vera; Verga Francesca

    2012-01-01

    Problem statement: Nanotech applications in the oil industry are not completely new: nanoparticles have been successfully used in drilling muds for the past 50 years. Only recently all the other key areas of the oil industry, such as exploration, primary and assisted production, monitoring, refining and distribution, are approaching nanotechnologies as the potential Philosopher's stone for facing critical issues related to remote locations (such as ultra-deep water and artic environments), ha...

  5. 1994 Thermal spray industrial applications: Proceedings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The 7th National Thermal Spray Conference met on June 20--24, 1994, in Boston, Massachusetts. The conference was sponsored by the Thermal Spray Division of ASM International and co-sponsored by the American Welding Society, Deutscher Verband fur Schweisstechnik e.V., High Temperature Society of Japan, International Thermal Spray Association, and Japanese Thermal Spraying Society. The conference covered applications for automobiles, aerospace, petrochemicals, power generation, and biomedical needs. Materials included metals, ceramics, and composites with a broad range of process developments and diagnostics. Other sections included modeling and systems control; spray forming and reactive spraying; post treatment; process, structure and property relationships; mechanical properties; and testing, characterization and wear. One hundred and seventeen papers have been processed separately for inclusion on the data base

  6. Industry Pack Modules in Beam Instrumentation Applications

    CERN Document Server

    Bravin, Enrico; CERN. Geneva. SPS and LEP Division

    1997-01-01

    In order to improve the performances of the VME based data acquisition systems new technologies coming up on the market have been investigated in the last few years. The IP-BUS developed by Green Spring computers has been adopted in several applications. By using intelligent carrier boards (the existing are based on the 680x0 CPU family) it is possible to build embedded systems and group them together in the same crate. This solution improves the potentialities of VME by lowering the load of data flow over the bus. Only preprocessed data is exchanged between the different embedded modules. The IP modules also offer a cheap solution for normal VME implementations using passive carrier boards. In this paper we describe our experience so far by describing the use we make of these new products and the problems we encountered on the way

  7. Towards industrial applications of graphene electrodes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bae, Sukang; Kim, Sang Jin; Shin, Dolly; Ahn, Jong-Hyun; Hong, Byung Hee

    2012-01-01

    Since the first isolation of graphene in 2004 by mechanical exfoliation from graphite, many people have tried to synthesize large-scale graphene using various chemical methods. In particular, there has been a great number of advances in the synthesis of graphene using chemical vapor deposition (CVD) on metal substrates such as Ni and Cu. Recently, a method to synthesize ultra-large-scale (~30 inch) graphene films using roll-to-roll transfer and chemical doping processes was developed that shows excellent electrical and physical properties suitable for practical applications on a large scale. Considering the outstanding scalability/processibility of roll-to-roll and CVD methods as well as the extraordinary flexibility/conductivity of graphene films, we expect that transparent graphene electrodes can replace indium tin oxide in the near future.

  8. Advanced atomic cogenerator for industrial applications (ACACIA)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Until now, nuclear power has been successful in the market of large-scale electricity generation. Other markets, like heat and power cogeneration or distributed electricity generation still await penetration by the uranium-based energy source. For these applications, the power level required per location is much smaller than for the existing nuclear plants however, traditionally, nuclear plants need economy of scale to become economically viable. Therefore, small nuclear plants must use other mechanisms to compete in a market. One way is modularization: multiple small, identical units are built on a site instead of one large unit. This has several advantages: capital cost per unit (and therefore financial risk) is low and therefore decisions to build further units are less fraught with risk and complication. Series production of the components brings cost reduction. Maintenance outages can be spread over the year and will not fully interrupt power production on the site. However, if the power demand on the site is small, only one small power plant will be needed. In that case, series production is still possible through application of identical units on many different sites but economic power production should not be fully dependent on this. Also, the first few plants should be attractive enough to apply in market circumstances, i.e. the first-of-a- kind capital costs and risks should be acceptable for a non-government-owned company in a deregulated market. To reach this goal, the plants must not only have as few components as possible but these components should carry a minimal technical risk. The small power level (compared to traditional nuclear plants) offers opportunities for this

  9. Industrial applications of superconducting magnet technology in Europe

    CERN Document Server

    Krischel, D

    2000-01-01

    The title provides the opportunity and task to both look at specific industrial applications in Europe as well as at specific abilities in Europe for industrial applications in the field of superconducting magnets. For the first aspect we will review the fields outside of MRI and spectroscopy where superconducting magnets are being used either because of their unrivaled technical performance or for economic reasons. Applications of superconducting magnet technology will then be categorized according to their type, estimated volumes, and perspectives also including HTS options. For the second aspect we look at European players in that field noticing that some big companies had stepped out whereas others, stimulated by the LHC project, extend their activity from resistive into superconducting magnet technology. Among the potential customers are big research labs which ambiguously belong to the group of potential suppliers, too. This last fact also indicates the tight relationship between research and industrial...

  10. INDUSTRIAL APPLICATIONS AND FUTURE PROSPECTS OF MICROBIAL XYLANASES: A REVIEW

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saurabh Sudha Dhiman

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available Microbial enzymes such as xylanases enable new technologies for industrial processes. Xylanases (xylanolytic enzyme hydrolyze complex polysaccharides like xylan. Research during the past few decades has been dedicated to enhanced production, purification, and characterization of microbial xylanase. But for commercial applications detailed knowledge of regulatory mechanisms governing enzyme production and functioning should be required. Since application of xylanase in the commercial sector is widening, an understanding of its nature and properties for efficient and effective usage becomes crucial. Study of synergistic action of multiple forms and mechanism of action of xylanase makes it possible to use it for bio-bleaching of kraft pulp and for desizing and bio-scouring of fabrics. Results revealed that enzymatic treatment leads to the enhancement in various physical properties of the fabric and paper. This review will be helpful in determining the factors affecting xylanase production and its potential industrial applications in textile, paper, pulp, and other industries.

  11. The thin layer activation method and its applications in industry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The thin layer activation (TLA) method is one of the most effective and precise methods for the measurement and monitoring of corrosion (erosion) and wear in industry and is used for on-line remote measurement of wear and corrosion rate of central parts in machines or processing vessels under real operating conditions. This document is a comprehensive manual on TLA method in its applications for monitoring wear and corrosion in industry. It describes the theory and presents case studies on TLA method applications in industry. In addition, in annexes are given tables of nuclear data relating to TLA (decay characteristics, depth distribution of reaction products, activation data for charged-particle nuclear reactions), references from INIS database on TLA and a detailed production of the application of TLA for wear measurement of superhard turning tools

  12. Research on optical applications in nuclear industry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The laser fluorometer developed in 1987 has been modified to compensate the inner filter and quenching effects. The signal processing electronic circuit was redesigned and a computer interface was introduced for data processing. It has been already used in routine chemical analysis in the chemical analysis division. Its application to uranium monitoring in conversion plant is being investigated. Also, we found that it can be used in trace analysis of samarium and europium with detection limit of 1 ppb and 0.1 ppb, respectively. The IRMPA/D process of CDF3 and CHF3 have been studied. The pressure effects of CDF3,CHF3 and added buffer gas were investigated. Mainly, the change in reaction rate was examined while varying the pressure of CDF3, CHF3 and buffer gas. The IRMPD reaction ratio of CDF3 and CHF3 from below 0.1 torr up to a few torr was studied and the buffer gas pressure effect was investigated at constant pressure of CDF3 or CHF3 of 1 torr. Several kinds of buffer gas, Ar, N2, and SF6, were used to investigate the buffer gas pressure effect. We applied double exposure holographic interferometry, and analyzed qualitatively the distortion due to thermal heat and vibration. The research on holographic remote inspection will be achieved to apply this technique to the nuclear fuel cycle facilities. (Author)

  13. New applications of near infrared spectroscopy in the food industry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The near infrared spectroscopic method of analysis was initially developed for rapid analyses of protein in wheat. A brief explanation of the theory and history of near infrared spectroscopic analysis will be given. Research was done on the application of near infrared spectroscopic (NIR) in the food industry. Especially exciting was the breakthrough achieved in applying NIR to determine the dry solid content of bread. Such application could revolutionise the baking industry. Results will also be presented of research done on the application of NIR techniques for the determination of protein and fat in bread based on dry matter; hardness in wheat; absorption and sedimentation in pasta products; and use in process control in snack products manufacture. The limitations that were found in the application of NIR analysis will also be covered. The developments in NIR technology may result in these methods becoming standard practice in many food laboratories

  14. Bromelain: an overview of industrial application and purification strategies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arshad, Zatul Iffah Mohd; Amid, Azura; Yusof, Faridah; Jaswir, Irwandi; Ahmad, Kausar; Loke, Show Pau

    2014-09-01

    This review highlights the use of bromelain in various applications with up-to-date literature on the purification of bromelain from pineapple fruit and waste such as peel, core, crown, and leaves. Bromelain, a cysteine protease, has been exploited commercially in many applications in the food, beverage, tenderization, cosmetic, pharmaceutical, and textile industries. Researchers worldwide have been directing their interest to purification strategies by applying conventional and modern approaches, such as manipulating the pH, affinity, hydrophobicity, and temperature conditions in accord with the unique properties of bromelain. The amount of downstream processing will depend on its intended application in industries. The breakthrough of recombinant DNA technology has facilitated the large-scale production and purification of recombinant bromelain for novel applications in the future. PMID:24965557

  15. Formal methods for industrial critical systems a survey of applications

    CERN Document Server

    Margaria-Steffen, Tiziana

    2012-01-01

    "Today, formal methods are widely recognized as an essential step in the design process of industrial safety-critical systems. In its more general definition, the term formal methods encompasses all notations having a precise mathematical semantics, together with their associated analysis methods, that allow description and reasoning about the behavior of a system in a formal manner.Growing out of more than a decade of award-winning collaborative work within the European Research Consortium for Informatics and Mathematics, Formal Methods for Industrial Critical Systems: A Survey of Applications presents a number of mainstream formal methods currently used for designing industrial critical systems, with a focus on model checking. The purpose of the book is threefold: to reduce the effort required to learn formal methods, which has been a major drawback for their industrial dissemination; to help designers to adopt the formal methods which are most appropriate for their systems; and to offer a panel of state-of...

  16. Harmonic Calculation Software for Industrial Applications with Adjustable Speed Drives

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Asiminoaei, Lucian; Hansen, S.; Blaabjerg, Frede

    2005-01-01

    This paper describes the evaluation of a new harmonic software. By using a combination of a pre-stored database and new interpolation techniques the software can very fast provide the harmonic data on real applications. The harmonic results obtained with this software have acceptable precision even...... with limited input data. The evaluation concludes here that this approach is very practical compared to other advanced harmonic analysis methods. The results are supported by comparisons of calculations and measurements given in an industrial application....

  17. Studying and modelling variable density turbulent flows for industrial applications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Industrial applications are presented in the various fields of interest for EDF. A first example deals with transferred electric arcs couplings flow and thermal transfer in the arc and in the bath of metal and is related with applications of electricity. The second one is the combustion modelling in burners of fossil power plants. The last one comes from the nuclear power plants and concerns the stratified flows in a nuclear reactor building. (K.A.)

  18. Reduced Circular Sinusoidal Cone-beam CT for Industrial Applications

    OpenAIRE

    XIA, DAN; Cho, Seungryong; Pan, Xiaochuan

    2009-01-01

    Cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) plays an important role in industrial, nondestructive testing applications not to mention in medical applications. Circular scanning configuration is widely used for its mechanical simplicity and for readily available and efficient reconstruction algorithms based on the Feldkamp algorithm. However, due to the lack of data sufficiency, circular CBCT does not guarantee image accuracy, and is not free from image artifacts related to the cone-angle and axial v...

  19. Harmonic calculation software for industrial applications with ASDs

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Blaabjerg, Frede; Asiminoaei, Lucian; Hansen, Steffan

    This article describes the evaluation of new harmonic calculation software. By using a combination of a prestored database and new interpolation techniques the software can provide the harmonic data on real applications of a very fast speed. The harmonic results obtained with this software have...... acceptable precision even with limited input data. The evaluation concludes that this approach is very practical compared to other advanced harmonic analysis methods. The results are supported by comparisons of calculations and masurements given in an industrial application....

  20. Radioisotope applications for troubleshooting and optimizing industrial processes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This brochure is intended to present the state-of -the-art in techniques for gamma scanning and neutron backscattering for troubleshooting inspection of columns, vessels, pipes, and tanks in many industrial processing sectors. It aims to provide not only an extensive description of what can be achieved by the application of radioisotope sealed sources but also sound experience-based guidance on all aspects of designing, carrying out and interpreting the results of industrial applications. Though it is written primarily for radioisotope practitioners, the brochure is also intended to function as an ambassador for the technology by promoting its benefits to governments, to the general public and to industrial end-users

  1. Model Oriented Application Generation for Industrial Control Systems

    CERN Document Server

    Copy, B; Blanco Vinuela, E; Fernandez Adiego, B; Nogueira Ferandes, R; Prieto Barreiro, I

    2011-01-01

    The CERN Unified Industrial Control Systems framework (UNICOS) is a software generation methodology and a collection of development tools that standardizes the design of industrial control applications [1]. A Software Factory, named the UNICOS Application Builder (UAB) [2], was introduced to ease extensibility and maintenance of the framework, introducing a stable metamodel, a set of platformindependent models and platformspecific configurations against which code generation plugins and configuration generation plugins can be written. Such plugins currently target PLC programming environments (Schneider and SIEMENS PLCs) as well as SIEMENS WinCC Open Architecture SCADA (previously known as ETM PVSS) but are being expanded to cover more and more aspects of process control systems. We present what constitutes the UNICOS metamodel and the models in use, how these models can be used to capture knowledge about industrial control systems and how this knowledge can be leveraged to generate both code and configuratio...

  2. Application of radiation in industrial processes (Paper No. IT-01)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The application of radiations both from gamma irradiation sources and electron beams has immense potential in diverse fields of industry and public health care programmes. The technical and economic effectiveness of radiation technology has been well demonstrated in different parts of the world and in India over last few years. The major applications for using this technology favourably considered all over the world include radiation sterilisation of medical products, hygienisation of sewage sludge, radiation processing of wood plastic composites, vulcanisation of natural rubber latex, cross linking of wires and cables using radiation, production of bio materials and drugs release systems and treatment of flue gases. Some of the areas which have been successfully exploited on an industrial or semi industrial scale in India and the current status of this programme is high lighted in this paper. (author). 9 refs

  3. DEVELOPMENT OF REALISTIC QUALITY LOSS FUNCTIONS FOR INDUSTRIAL APPLICATIONS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Abdul-Baasit SHAIBU; Byung Rae CHO

    2006-01-01

    A number of quality loss functions, most recently the Taguchi loss function, have been developed to quantify the loss due to the deviation of product performance from the desired target value. All these loss functions assume the same loss at the specified specification limits. In many real life industrial applications, however, the losses at the two different specifications limits are often not the same.Further, current loss functions assume a product should be reworked or scrapped if product performance falls outside the specification limits. It is a common practice in many industries to replace a defective item rather than spending resources to repair it, especially if considerable amount of time is required. To rectify these two potential problems, this paper proposes more realistic quality loss functions for proper applications to real-world industrial problems. This paper also carries out a comparison studies of all the loss functions it considers.

  4. A new e-beam application in the pharmaceutical industry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The paper presents a new electron beam application in the pharmaceutical industry: an in-line self-shielded atropic transfer system using electron beam for surface decontamination of products entering a pharmaceutical filling line. The unit was developed by Linac Technologies in response to the specifications of a multi-national pharmaceutical company, to solve the risk of microbial contamination entering a filling line housed inside an isolator. In order to fit the sterilization unit inside the pharmaceutical plant, a 'miniature' low-energy (200 keV) electron beam accelerator and e-beam tunnel were designed, all conforming to the pharmaceutical good manufacturing practice (GMP) regulations. Process validation using biological indicators is described, with reference to the regulations governing the pharmaceutical industry. Other industrial applications of a small-sized self-shielded electron beam sterilization unit are mentioned

  5. Application of combined heat and power in Malaysia Industrial Sector

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Malaysia is still working on continuing its economic growth especially in the industrial sector in order to achieve vision 2020. The rapid industrialization process has caused increment in the energy demand, which simultaneously increases carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions. Energy efficient technologies are strongly needed for reducing the energy requirement and to avoid the depleting of energy resources. This project focused on the application of integrated resource planning (IRP) in industrial sector using Combined Heat and Power (CHP), as a strategy for Demand Side Management (DSM). This approach is another way for meeting near and future energy requirement in Malaysia's industrial sector. Two scenarios which are Business As Usual (BAU) and CHP were developed using End Use Model EUM), to forecast the energy demand and CO2 emission in Malaysia's industries. The effectiveness of the proposed method is then simulated using Long Range Energy Alternative Planning System (LEAP) software and Comparative Model for Projects of Engineering Economics and Energy Environmental Development (COMPEED) analysis. Evaluations were based on the potential of energy saving and CO2 reduction. Scope of research was limited to pulp and paper industrial sub sector. The research data were extracted from Energy Audit Reports conducted by Malaysia Energy Center (PTM). An engineering calculation was demonstrated. Two designs of CHP applications for the pulp and paper industrial sector are according to heating and electricity sizing. It was found that the most energy efficient and CO2 reduction for Malaysia's industrial sector is the CHP based on heating requirement. The method was found to be able of save fuel and GHG emission compared to the reference case. (author)

  6. Evaluation of timing GPS receivers for industrial applications

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Vigner, V.; Roztočil, J.; Čemusová, Blanka

    Florencie: Universita di Firenze, 2013 - (Sente, P.), s. 177-182 ISBN 9788890314988. [12th IMEKO TC10 Workshop on Technical Diagnostics: New Perspective in Measurements, Tools and Techniques for Industrial Applications. Florence (IT), 06.06.2013-07.06.2013] Institutional support: RVO:67985882 Keywords : GPS receivers * Reference time * Stability evaluation Subject RIV: JA - Electronics ; Optoelectronics, Electrical Engineering

  7. Technical Reviews on the Petroleum Refining Industry and the Petrochemical Industry for the Development of Industrial Application of Radioisotope

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jung, Sung-Hee; Kim, Jong-Bum; Lee, Na-Young; Kwon, Taek-Yong

    2008-09-15

    Petroleum is the major energy source that supplies 35% of the total power all over the world. And the petrochemical industry generates a 120 times higher value from naphtha, and in cooperates new technology in order to keep its business prosperous. These large plant industries require in-service diagnosis technology for an optimal and efficient operation and maintenance. Since diagnosis information obtained from an on-line plant can be used for a correct operation and maintenance workplan in the case of a deteriorated product quality as well as a mechanical abnormality, this technology can contribute to a huge cost benefit and a product competitiveness. The gigantic plants equipped with heavy materials can hardly be evaluated with conventional techniques due to their harsh environment of a high temperature and a pressure. Radiation and radioisotope application technology has been studied to meet the demand of the industry, but has yet to be developed further. In spite of its usefulness, the strategic support is not enough to carry out the research activities on advanced industrial testing technology using radioisotopes. It is of importance to secure a national competitiveness by intensifying the support for the newly emerging technologies such as an industrial gamma tomography and a process visualization and validation incorporated with a CFD.

  8. Technical Reviews on the Petroleum Refining Industry and the Petrochemical Industry for the Development of Industrial Application of Radioisotope

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Petroleum is the major energy source that supplies 35% of the total power all over the world. And the petrochemical industry generates a 120 times higher value from naphtha, and in cooperates new technology in order to keep its business prosperous. These large plant industries require in-service diagnosis technology for an optimal and efficient operation and maintenance. Since diagnosis information obtained from an on-line plant can be used for a correct operation and maintenance workplan in the case of a deteriorated product quality as well as a mechanical abnormality, this technology can contribute to a huge cost benefit and a product competitiveness. The gigantic plants equipped with heavy materials can hardly be evaluated with conventional techniques due to their harsh environment of a high temperature and a pressure. Radiation and radioisotope application technology has been studied to meet the demand of the industry, but has yet to be developed further. In spite of its usefulness, the strategic support is not enough to carry out the research activities on advanced industrial testing technology using radioisotopes. It is of importance to secure a national competitiveness by intensifying the support for the newly emerging technologies such as an industrial gamma tomography and a process visualization and validation incorporated with a CFD

  9. Ionic Liquids – Development and Challenges in Industrial Application

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cvjetko Bubalo, M.

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Establishment of novel, highly productive, and sustainable processes for the production of industrially important compounds is becoming a growing area of research. Due to non-volatility, inflammability, great thermal, chemical and electrochemical stability and also recyclability, ionic liquids are extensively studied as possible green replacement for widely used conventional molecular solvents. Due to the extremely large number of possible chemical structures of ionic liquids, the ability to design ionic liquids for specific applications makes them unique solvents in electrochemistry, analytical chemistry, organic synthesis and (biocatalysis, separation processes, as well as functional fluids (lubricants, heat transfer fluids, corrosion inhibitors etc.. This paper presents a review of the scientific and technical literature related to ionic liquids, their basic properties, preparation and application, as well as the challenges of their application on an industrial scale.

  10. Industrial applications of automated X-ray inspection

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shashishekhar, N.

    2015-03-01

    Many industries require that 100% of manufactured parts be X-ray inspected. Factors such as high production rates, focus on inspection quality, operator fatigue and inspection cost reduction translate to an increasing need for automating the inspection process. Automated X-ray inspection involves the use of image processing algorithms and computer software for analysis and interpretation of X-ray images. This paper presents industrial applications and illustrative case studies of automated X-ray inspection in areas such as automotive castings, fuel plates, air-bag inflators and tires. It is usually necessary to employ application-specific automated inspection strategies and techniques, since each application has unique characteristics and interpretation requirements.

  11. VOFilter, Bridging Virtual Observatory and Industrial Office Applications

    CERN Document Server

    Cui, C; Genova, F; Quinn, P; Zhao, Y; Cui, Chen-zhou; Dolensky, Markus; Genova, Francoise; Quinn, Peter; Zhao, Yong-heng

    2005-01-01

    VOFilter is an XML based filter developed by the Chinese Virtual Observatory project to transform tabular data files from VOTable format into OpenDocument format. VOTable is an XML format defined for the exchange of tabular data in the context of the Virtual Observatory (VO). It is the first Proposed Recommendation defined by International Virtual Observatory Alliance, and has obtained wide support from both the VO community and many Astronomy projects. OpenOffice.org is a mature, open source, front office applications suite with the advantage of native support of industrial standard OpenDocument XML file format. Using the VOFilter, VOTable files can be loaded in OpenOffice.org Calc, a spreadsheet application, and then displayed and analyzed as other spreadsheet files. Here, the VOFilter acts as a connector, bridging the coming VO with current industrial office applications. Virtual Observatory and technical background of the VOFilter are introduced. Its workflow, installation and usage are presented. Existin...

  12. Fast Boundary Element Methods in Engineering and Industrial Applications

    CERN Document Server

    Schanz, Martin; Steinbach, Olaf; Wendland, Wolfgang

    2012-01-01

    This volume contains eight state of the art contributions on mathematical aspects and applications of fast boundary element methods in engineering and industry. This covers the analysis and numerics of boundary integral equations by using differential forms, preconditioning of hp boundary element methods, the application of fast boundary element methods for solving challenging problems in magnetostatics, the simulation of micro electro mechanical systems, and for contact problems in solid mechanics. Other contributions are on recent results on boundary element methods for the solution of transient problems. This book is addressed to researchers, graduate students and practitioners working on and using boundary element methods. All contributions also show the great achievements of interdisciplinary research between mathematicians and engineers, with direct applications in engineering and industry.

  13. Current and Future Nanotech Applications in the Oil Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cocuzza Matteo

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: Nanotech applications in the oil industry are not completely new: nanoparticles have been successfully used in drilling muds for the past 50 years. Only recently all the other key areas of the oil industry, such as exploration, primary and assisted production, monitoring, refining and distribution, are approaching nanotechnologies as the potential Philosopher's stone for facing critical issues related to remote locations (such as ultra-deep water and artic environments, harsh conditions (high-temperature and high-pressure formations, non-conventional reservoirs (heavy oils, tight gas, tar sands. The general aim is to bridge the gap between the oil industry and nanotechnology community using various initiatives such as consortia between oil and service companies and nanotechnology excellence centres, networking communities, workshops and conferences and even dedicated research units inside some oil companies. Quite surprisingly, even if a lot of discussion is taking place, no substantial research on these topics is currently being undertaken around the world by the petroleum industry. A very different attitude is demonstrated by other industries and the advances they achieved are outstanding. Approach: This study provides an overview of the most interesting nanotechnology applications and critically highlights the potential benefits that could come from transposing the same-or adapted-solutions to the oil industry. Results/Conclusion: As extensively illustrated, some technologies which are already available off-the-shelf can offer real improvements in dealing with some specific issues of the oil industry. Other technologies can require further elaboration before direct use, but their potential is enormous.

  14. Potential Applications of Carbohydrases Immobilization in the Food Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hélia Harumi Sato

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Carbohydrases find a wide application in industrial processes and products, mainly in the food industry. With these enzymes, it is possible to obtain different types of sugar syrups (viz. glucose, fructose and inverted sugar syrups, prebiotics (viz. galactooligossacharides and fructooligossacharides and isomaltulose, which is an interesting sweetener substitute for sucrose to improve the sensory properties of juices and wines and to reduce lactose in milk. The most important carbohydrases to accomplish these goals are of microbial origin and include amylases (α-amylases and glucoamylases, invertases, inulinases, galactosidases, glucosidases, fructosyltransferases, pectinases and glucosyltransferases. Yet, for all these processes to be cost-effective for industrial application, a very efficient, simple and cheap immobilization technique is required. Immobilization techniques can involve adsorption, entrapment or covalent bonding of the enzyme into an insoluble support, or carrier-free methods, usually based on the formation of cross-linked enzyme aggregates (CLEAs. They include a broad variety of supports, such as magnetic materials, gums, gels, synthetic polymers and ionic resins. All these techniques present advantages and disadvantages and several parameters must be considered. In this work, the most recent and important studies on the immobilization of carbohydrases with potential application in the food industry are reviewed.

  15. Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy expands into industrial applications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper presents R and D activities in the field of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy for industrial applications and shows novel LIBS systems running in routine operation for inline process control tasks. Starting with a comparison of the typical characteristics of LIBS with XRF and spark-discharge optical emission spectrometry, the principal structure of LIBS machines embedded for inline process monitoring will be presented. A systematic requirement analysis for LIBS systems following Ishikawa's scheme was worked out. Stability issues are studied for laser sources and Paschen-Runge spectrometers as key components for industrial LIBS systems. Examples of industrial applications range from handheld LIBS systems using a fiber laser source, via a set of LIBS machines for inline process control tasks, such as scrap analysis, coal analysis, liquid slag analysis and finally monitoring of drill dust. - Highlights: • New applications for LIBS realized within the last five years • Systematic requirement analysis for industrial LIBS systems • First long-term studies of key components • Demonstration of LIBS potential for inline chemical analysis

  16. Enzymes from Extreme Environments and their Industrial Applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jennifer Ann Littlechild

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available This article will discuss the importance of specific extremophilic enzymes for applications in industrial biotechnology. It will specifically address those enzymes that have applications in the area of biocatalysis. Such enzymes now play an important role in catalysing a variety of chemical conversions that were previously carried out by traditional chemistry. The biocatalytic process is carried out under mild conditions and with greater specificity. The enzyme process does not result in the toxic waste that is usually produced in a chemical process that would require careful disposal. In this sense the biocatalytic process is referred to as carrying out ‘green chemistry’ which is considered to be environmentally friendly.Some of the extremophilic enzymes to be discussed have already been developed for industrial processes such as an L-aminoacylase and a γ- lactamase. The industrial applications of other extremophilic enzymes including transaminases, carbonic anhydrases, dehalogenases, specific esterases and epoxide hydrolases are currently being assessed. Specific examples of these industrially important enzymes which have been studied in the authors group will be presented in this review.

  17. Application of electronic market technology to the electric utility industry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper presents a report on progress made in 1989 toward applying electronic market technology to the electric utility industry that enables widespread display and retrieval of inventory availability data. The computerized electronic market system is described and an experience report is presented on the use of a similar system by airlines, aircraft equipment suppliers, and aviation service firms to pool replacement component availability data for their mutual benefit and the support of an efficient market in replacement components. The application of large-scale electronic market technology to the electric utility industry is a significant new development

  18. Applications and market of PVC for piping industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Johnny De N. Martins

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The use of plastic materials by the piping industry accounts for a significant volume of polymers. In this segment PVC represents the largest worldwide market for plastics. PVC is often used in plastic pressure pipe systems for pipelines in the water and sewer industries because of its inexpensive nature and flexibility. Pipes and fittings constitute the largest volume application at 40% of the marketplace. This paper discusses the piping extrusion process and the worldwide PVC market, emphasizing the Brazilian market. It is also presented a case study including an overall cost calculation for making an extrusion line for PVC piping.

  19. Industry approach to BE applications - Past and future

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    With each passing year the nuclear industry, like all private industry, becomes more reliant on computer-based analysis tools. While this is primarily driven by competition and the natural advancement of computing power, computer analysis tools are also an excellent way to capture engineering know-how. As the average age of nuclear industry personnel approaches 50 years, this becomes increasingly important. The engineers that are retiring today have witnessed a remarkable evolution of computational tools during their tenure. For some, it is the difference between a pencil-and slide- rule and a desktop supercomputer. A curious aspect of this evolution is the question How has industry capitalized on all this advancement? Of course, the answer depends on who is being asked. Part of the answer must come from a historical review. This paper takes an engineer's approach to assessing history. In contrast, a mathematician's approach might be to look at where we have started and where we are today and fit a plausible story to the data. Engineers, on the other hand, have to consider other motivations. Webster Dictionary defines engineering as the application of scientific and mathematical principles to practical ends such as the design, manufacture, and operation of efficient and economical structures, machines, processes, and systems. Clearly, the engineers approach to any problem begins with science and math. The key difference to how an engineer approaches a problem is that 'practical', 'efficient', and 'economical' are on equal footing with 'scientific and mathematical principles'. Basically, engineers go through the same 'curve fitting' approach to every problem, but include more unknowns. Hence, the standard engineers' model is y = C1 (science) + C2 (math) + C3 (practicality) + C4 (efficiency) C5 (economics). Computer codes used in the nuclear industry represent a broad spectrum of engineering applications including computer-aided design, structural and mechanical

  20. Applying SOA Concepts to Distributed Industrial Applications Using WCF Technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stopper, Markus; Gastermann, Bernd

    2010-10-01

    Software Development is subject to a constant process of change. In the meantime web services, access to remote services or distributed applications are already the standard. Simultaneously with their advancement demands on these techniques are rising significantly. Defined support for security issues, coordination of transactions and reliable communications are expected. Windows Communication Foundation (WCF)—as a part of Microsoft Corporation's .NET Framework—supports these requirements in line with wide range interoperability. WCF provides the development of distributed and interconnected software applications by means of a service-oriented programming model. This paper introduces a service-oriented communication concept based on WCF, which is specifically designed for industrial applications within a production environment using a central manufacturing information system (MIS) database. It introduces applied technologies and provides an overview of some important design aspects and base service sets of WCF. Additionally, this paper also shows a factual implementation of the presented service-oriented communication concept in the form of an industrial software application used in plastics industry.

  1. Safety applications of computer based systems for the process industry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Computer based systems, generally referred to as Programmable Electronic Systems (PESs) are being increasingly used in the process industry, also to perform safety functions. The process industry as they intend in this document includes, but is not limited to, chemicals, oil and gas production, oil refining and power generation. Starting in the early 1970's the wide application possibilities and the related development problems of such systems were recognized. Since then, many guidelines and standards have been developed to direct and regulate the application of computers to perform safety functions (EWICS-TC7, IEC, ISA). Lessons learnt in the last twenty years can be summarised as follows: safety is a cultural issue; safety is a management issue; safety is an engineering issue. In particular, safety systems can only be properly addressed in the overall system context. No single method can be considered sufficient to achieve the safety features required in many safety applications. Good safety engineering approach has to address not only hardware and software problems in isolation but also their interfaces and man-machine interface problems. Finally, the economic and industrial aspects of the safety applications and development of PESs in process plants are evidenced throughout all the Report. Scope of the Report is to contribute to the development of an adequate awareness of these problems and to illustrate technical solutions applied or being developed

  2. From radiation chemistry to industrial applications of radiation techniques

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The industrial applications are surveyed of ionizing radiation in prospective technological processes. Chemical radiation effects on plastics and rubbers consist in cross link formation between macromolecules of these materials, i.e., cross-linking or curing. This effect may be used in radiation cross-linking of plastic cable insulation. Radiation technology is also used in the manufacture of heat-shrink fittings with spatial memory. In the rubber industry, radiation technology may help improve the properties of rubber for technical uses. In the textile industry, radiation grafting is used permitting the attainment of desired changes in the surface properties of natural and man-made fibres and fabrics. Ionizing radiation is also promising with regard to power and operation in hardening varnishes and painting materials on metals and wood and in the impregnation of wood by radiation polymerization. The most commonly used radiation sources are radioisotope gamma sources (mainly 60Co) and electron accelerators. (J.B.)

  3. Operation of industrial electrical substations. Part II: practical applications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sanchez Jimenez, Juan J; Zerquera Izquierdo, Mariano D; Beltran Leon, Jose S; Garcia Martinez, Juan M; Alvarez Urena, Maria V; Meza Diaz, Guillermo [Universidad de Guadalajara (Mexico)]. E-mails: cheosj@yahoo.com; mdzi@hotmail.com; beltran5601@yahoo.com.mx; jmargarmtz@yahoo.com; victory_alvarez@telmexmail.com; depmec@cucei.udg.mx

    2013-03-15

    The practical application of the methodology explained in Part 1 in a Cuban industry is the principal objective of this paper. The calculus of the economical operation of the principal transformers of the industrial plant is shown of the one very easy form, as well as the determination of the equations of the losses when the transformers operate under a given load diagram. It is calculated the state load which will be passed to the operation in parallel. [Spanish] El objetivo principal de este trabajo es la aplicacion practica de la metodologia, en una industria cubana, que se explico en la Parte 1. El calculo de la operacion economica de los principales transformadores de la planta industrial se muestra de una forma muy facil, asi como la determinacion de las ecuaciones de las perdidas cuando los transformadores operan bajo un diagrama de carga dado. Se calcula la carga de estado que se pasa a la operacion en paralelo.

  4. Probabilistic safety targets in different industrial applications and their comparability

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A survey is given of quantified safety objectives that have developed - for various purposes - in different industry and high-technology sectors (e.g. process and petrochemical industries; nuclear industry, aeronautics; structural applications such as off-shore structures and dams; pharmaceutics and toxic substances) over the past two-decades. In certain cases such objectives are to be regarded as design and operational objectives; in others they are aimed at determining acceptability/tolerability of risks to which individuals or groups of the population are exposed in modern society. Associated to the demonstration of quantified safety objectives are Probabilistic safety/risk analyses at various levels, which implies the resolution of problems related to their validity and uncertainty-bands. Considerations are put forward with regard to the comparability or non-comparability) of several of the objectives that are examined. (author)

  5. Layered Thermal Insulation Systems for Industrial and Commercial Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fesmire, James E.

    2015-01-01

    From the high performance arena of cryogenic equipment, several different layered thermal insulation systems have been developed for industrial and commercial applications. In addition to the proven areas in cold-work applications for piping and tanks, the new Layered Composite Insulation for Extreme Environments (LCX) has potential for broader industrial use as well as for commercial applications. The LCX technology provides a unique combination of thermal, mechanical, and weathering performance capability that is both cost-effective and enabling. Industry applications may include, for example, liquid nitrogen (LN2) systems for food processing, liquefied natural gas (LNG) systems for transportation or power, and chilled water cooling facilities. Example commercial applications may include commercial residential building construction, hot water piping, HVAC systems, refrigerated trucks, cold chain shipping containers, and a various consumer products. The LCX system is highly tailorable to the end-use application and can be pre-fabricated or field assembled as needed. Product forms of LCX include rigid sheets, semi-flexible sheets, cylindrical clam-shells, removable covers, or flexible strips for wrapping. With increasing system control and reliability requirements as well as demands for higher energy efficiencies, thermal insulation in harsh environments is a growing challenge. The LCX technology grew out of solving problems in the insulation of mechanically complex cryogenic systems that must operate in outdoor, humid conditions. Insulation for cold work includes equipment for everything from liquid helium to chilled water. And in the middle are systems for LNG, LN2, liquid oxygen (LO2), liquid hydrogen (LH2) that must operate in the ambient environment. Different LCX systems have been demonstrated for sub-ambient conditions but are capable of moderately high temperature applications as well.

  6. Sodium waste management: from process development to industrial application

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Operation and decommissioning of Liquid Metal Fast Reactors (LMFRs) generate various kinds of sodium wastes. Simple methods dealing with such wastes exist and are currently used in the classical industry or for the dismantling of non-radioactive test loops. However radioactivity implies accurate control of the liquid and gaseous effluents generated, which implies more sophisticated methods and design features. Moreover, high sodium reactivity implies the development of safe processes with simple technology. In support to the needs of the LMFRs in operation, and in preparation to the LMFR decommissioning, the CEA has developed particular skills and specific processes with respect to sodium waste management. On its side, FRAMATOME Direction NOVATOME has applied its LMFR and sodium engineering knowledge to the industrialization of such processes. This paper describes the results obtained so far on the development of processes, together with examples or prospects of application in industrial conditions based on the wide diversity of wastes produced by a LMFR. This review shows that, if the contaminated sodium waste treatment requires the greatest care and well-adapted processes, the techniques exist or are being developed, with already satisfactory industrial application records. (authors)

  7. A Magnetic Induction Tomography System for Prospective Industrial Processing Applications

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hsin-Yu Wei; Manuchehr Solelmanl

    2012-01-01

    Magnetic induction tomography(MIT) is one of the newest industrial process imaging techniques.Main industrial applications of the MIT imaging are in high conductive flow imaging.However,recently it has been shown that the MIT may be useful for low conductive process imaging.This paper presents a cost effective hardware design for MIT in industrial applications,called Bath-MKI industrial MIT system.The system comprises 8 inductor coils and has the possibility of expansion to 16 coils.The excitation signals and the measured voltages are generated and measured using a LabView based system.Two 16 by 1 multiplexers are used to select between the coils.Measurements,excitation and multiplexing are all controlled by a National Instrument(NI) USB based DAQ:USB-6259 and a signal generator.Using the same electronics,the prototype is tested with two different coil arrays;one is a small scale ferrite core coil and one larger scale air cored coil.Experimental image reconstruction results are shown using both small scale and large scale coil arrays.

  8. Towards Industrial Application of Damage Models for Sheet Metal Forming

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doig, M.; Roll, K.

    2011-05-01

    Due to global warming and financial situation the demand to reduce the CO2-emission and the production costs leads to the permanent development of new materials. In the automotive industry the occupant safety is an additional condition. Bringing these arguments together the preferable approach for lightweight design of car components, especially for body-in-white, is the use of modern steels. Such steel grades, also called advanced high strength steels (AHSS), exhibit a high strength as well as a high formability. Not only their material behavior but also the damage behavior of AHSS is different compared to the performances of standard steels. Conventional methods for the damage prediction in the industry like the forming limit curve (FLC) are not reliable for AHSS. Physically based damage models are often used in crash and bulk forming simulations. The still open question is the industrial application of these models for sheet metal forming. This paper evaluates the Gurson-Tvergaard-Needleman (GTN) model and the model of Lemaitre within commercial codes with a goal of industrial application.

  9. Industrial application of APOLLO2 to boiling water reactors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    AREVA NP - a joint's subsidiary of AREVA and Siemens- decided to develop a new calculation scheme based on the multigroup neutron transport code APOLLO2, developed at CEA, for industrial application to Boiling Water Reactors. This scheme is based on the CEA93 library with the XMAS-172 energy mesh and the JEF2.2 evaluation. Microscopic cross-sections are improved by a self-shielding calculation that accounts for 2D geometrical effects and the overlapping of resonances. The flux is calculated with the Method of Characteristics. A best-estimate flux is found with the 172 energy group structure. In the industrial scheme, the computing time and the memory size are reduced by a simplified self-shielding and the calculation of the flux with 26 energy groups. The results are presented for three BWR assemblies. Several BWR operating conditions were simulated. Results are accurate compared to the Monte-Carlo code MCNP. A very good agreement is obtained between the best-estimate and the industrial calculations, also during depletion. These results show the high physical quality of the APOLLO2 code and its capability to calculate accurately BWR assemblies for industrial applications. (authors)

  10. Applications of Mössbauer Spectroscopy in Industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cook, Desmond C.

    2002-06-01

    The demand by industrial researchers to characterize commercial materials with high precision has seen the growth of many spectroscopic techniques in the broad area of applied materials science. Mössbauer spectroscopy is slowly moving into the industrial arena, due in part to the development of new and highly technological materials whose performance can only be optimized through complete analysis and evaluation down to the atomic level. The movement from the traditional research laboratory environment is assisted by the portability of the most recent instrumentation, including PC based data acquisition, miniature spectrometers, user friendly software for spectral analysis and the development of the scattering detectors for in-situ Mössbauer analysis. Scientific researchers are more often being sought to collaborate in industrial projects to solve problems of economic and social importance. An overview is presented on some of the industrial applications for which Mössbauer spectroscopy is being used today. Discussion includes some of the features important for close collaboration between the research scientist and industrial partners, as well as some of the challenges likely to be faced by the researcher in the endeavours to bring the Mössbauer methodology to the industrial environment. Corrosion research, and the need to fully understand the effect of environmental parameters on the performance of structural steels, is one area in which Mössbauer spectroscopy has become a required analytical technique. One example of a close liason between academia and industry and the use of Mössbauer spectroscopy to characterize and improve the quality of galvanneal steel sheet is presented.

  11. A Review on applications of GAMP -5 in Pharmaceutical Industries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. Lalasa

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available The new Good automated manufacturing practices (GAMP-5 guidelines were released February 2008 at the ISPE(International Society for Pharmaceutical Engineering Manufacturing Excellence Conference in Tampa, Florida. These guidelines are the latest, up-to-date thinking in the approach to validation of GxP computerized systems. The purpose of the guidelines is to “provide a cost effective framework of good practice to ensure that computerized systems are fit for use and compliant with regulation.” There are five key concepts to GAMP 5: • Product and Process Understanding. • Lifecycle approach within QMS. • Scalable Lifecycle Activities. • Science Based Quality Risk Management. • Leveraging Supplier Involvement. Understanding the product and process is critical in determining system requirements and for making science and risk-based decisions to ensure that the system is “fit for use.” In determining “fit for use,” attention should be focused on “those aspects that are critical to patient safety, product quality, and data integrity.” Defining a lifecycle approach to a computerized system has been expanded from GAMP 4 to include all phases and activities from concept and implementation through operation and retirement. Some applications of GAMP- 5 in Pharmaceutical industries like Monitoring manufacturing, production and storage environments in the pharmaceutical industry, Monitoring the autoclaving process in the pharmaceutical industry, Water purification in the pharmaceutical industry, Freeze drying in the pharmaceutical industry

  12. Empirical Investigation of Metaheuristics Application in Industrial Engineering

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kawaljeet Singh

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Metaheuristics are renowned to present very efficient elucidation to many of today's combinatorial optimization problems in engineering, industrial, economical and scientific domains such as transportation, bioinformatics, logistics, business etc. Metaheuristics present itself as highly promising choice for nearly-optimal solutions inreasonable time where exact approaches are not applicable due to extremly large running times or other limitations. Meta-heuristic is a master strategy that guides and modifies other heuristics to produce solutions beyond those that are normally generated in a quest for local optimality. This paper highlights the various contemporary real life applications of Metaheuristics in the domain of industrial engineering and NP-hard problems reported in the literature.

  13. RF linear accelerators for medical and industrial applications

    CERN Document Server

    Hanna, Samy

    2012-01-01

    This unique resource offers you a clear overview of medical and industrial accelerators. Using minimal mathematics, this book focuses on offering thorough explanations of basic concepts surrounding the operation of accelerators. you find well illustrated discussions designed to help you use accelerator-based systems in a safer, more productive, and more reliable manner.This practical book details the manufacturing process for producing accelerators for medical and industrial applications. You become knowledgeable about the commonly encountered real-world manufacturing issues and potential sources of defects which help you avoid costly production problems. From principles of operation and the role of accelerators in cancer radiation therapy, to manufacturing techniques and future trends in accelerator design and applications, this easy-to-comprehend volume quickly brings you up-to-speed with the critical concepts you need to understand for your work in the field.

  14. Magnetic multilayers and giant magnetoresistance fundamentals and industrial applications

    CERN Document Server

    2000-01-01

    Magneto-electronics is certainly one of the most rapidly expanding fields in basic research and industrial application. Magnetic multilayers are the key devices in this field; they allow the utilization of unique micromagnetic, magneto-optic, and magneto-electronic phenomena which cannot be realized on the basis of conventional materials. This book provides a detailed and well-balanced introduction to both the underlying physical fundamentals and the technological applications in terms of devices that are just entering the market or are of high industrial relevance for the near future. In particular, the employment of magnetic multilayers in magneto-optical recording, in GMR and spin-valve devices, and as configurations yielding a striking nonlinear magneto-optical response is discussed in a comprehensive way. This state-of-the-art review involves an extensive list of key references to original work and thus makes the vast knowledge already accumulated in the field accessible to the reader.

  15. DMT transmission in the context of industrial telecontrol applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Edinger

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we discuss the use of Discrete Multi Tone (DMT modulation in the context of industrial telecontrol applications. We highlight the specific requirements and characteristics of the telecontrol settings and present methods to cope with the environmental challenges posed. It turns out that DMT is ideally suited for the tasks at hand. Further enhances enable our proposed system to provide superior connection stability even under the most adverse conditions.

  16. DMT transmission in the context of industrial telecontrol applications

    OpenAIRE

    S. Edinger; Bauer, C; Fliege, N.J.

    2006-01-01

    In this paper, we discuss the use of Discrete Multi Tone (DMT) modulation in the context of industrial telecontrol applications. We highlight the specific requirements and characteristics of the telecontrol settings and present methods to cope with the environmental challenges posed. It turns out that DMT is ideally suited for the tasks at hand. Further enhances enable our proposed system to provide superior connection stability even under the most adverse conditions.

  17. Recombinant expression of fungal oxidases for industrial application

    OpenAIRE

    Piscitelli, Alessandra

    2005-01-01

    Laccases catalyse the oxidation of a range of organic substrates coupled to the reduction of molecular oxygen to water. They are members of the ubiquitous blue multi-copper oxidase family. These enzymes are implicated in a wide variety of biological activities. Most of the laccases studied thus far are of fungal origin. Large variety of potential substrates has raised interest in the use of laccases in several industrial applications, such as pulp delignification, textile dye bleaching, ef...

  18. Application of electrical capacitance tomography for imaging industrial processes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    DYAKOWSKI Tom

    2005-01-01

    Electrical tomography is, in certain cases, the most attractive method for real imaging of industrial processes, because of its inherent simplicity, rugged cons truction of the tomographer and high-speed capability. This paper presents examples illustrating applications of electrical tomography for imaging fluidized beds, bubble columns and pneumatic conveyors. Electrical tomography opens up new ways for processing, imaging and modelling multi-phase flows as shown by 2D and 3D images illustrating the various types of flow morphology.

  19. Pullulanase: Role in Starch Hydrolysis and Potential Industrial Applications

    OpenAIRE

    Siew Ling Hii; Joo Shun Tan; Tau Chuan Ling; Arbakariya Bin Ariff

    2012-01-01

    The use of pullulanase (EC 3.2.1.41) has recently been the subject of increased applications in starch-based industries especially those aimed for glucose production. Pullulanase, an important debranching enzyme, has been widely utilised to hydrolyse the α -1,6 glucosidic linkages in starch, amylopectin, pullulan, and related oligosaccharides, which enables a complete and efficient conversion of the branched polysaccharides into small fermentable sugars during saccharification process. The in...

  20. The application of holistic risk management in the banking industry

    OpenAIRE

    J. Chibayambuya; D. J. Theron

    2007-01-01

    Purpose: The application of holistic risk management is fast becoming a standard measure of good governance in the business arena. What role can holistic risk management play in the management of risk in the financial services industry? The aim of this paper is to propose a holistic risk management framework for the management of risk. Design/Methodology/Approach: A comprehensive framework that covers the holistic view risk management is proposed/developed out of an extensive literature ...

  1. Artificial intelligence techniques for industrial applications in job shop scheduling.

    OpenAIRE

    Townsend, Wade Benton

    1983-01-01

    The application of AI (artificial intelligence) techniques to the scheduling of industrial production operations offers a promising new approach to a scheduling problem of great magnitude and complexity. Foremost among these techniques is a powerful knowledge representation language that is capable of modeling the production environment at all levels of detail. The capturing of such complexity in the data base enables the computer to generate feasible schedules from a very large solution spac...

  2. BIOSENSORS: DESIGN, CLASSIFICATION, AND APPLICATIONS IN THE FOOD INDUSTRY

    OpenAIRE

    E. V. Korotkaya

    2014-01-01

    Biosensors are promising analytical tools applicable in clinical diagnostics, food industry, environmental monitoring, and other areas in which rapid and reliable analyses are needed. This review covers the basic types of biosensors and their designs and general operating principles. A classification of biosensors according to the type of transducer they involve and according to the nature of the biological entity used as the recognition element is presented. Methods of immobilization of biol...

  3. Application of microwave dielectric measurements to control of industrial solutions

    OpenAIRE

    Zagorodniy, V. V.; Launets, V. L.; Oliynyk, V. V.

    1997-01-01

    Like the optical refractometry, the microwave dielectric measurements are apt to investigations of chemical reactions and other transformations, to determination of catalysis activity of ferments, of reproduction rate of micro-organisms. Such measurements are also adaptable to study a changes of substance structure during the process of phase transformations [1, 2]. The dielectrical method is usable also for the determination of concentration of different industrial solutions. The application...

  4. Industrial applications of multi-functional, multi-phase reactors

    OpenAIRE

    Harmsen, G.J.; Chewter, L.A.

    1999-01-01

    To reveal trends in the design and operation of multi-functional, multi-phase reactors, this paper describes, in historical sequence, three industrial applications of multi-functional, multi-phase reactors developed and operated by Shell Chemicals during the last five decades. For each case, we describe the design requirements, the design knowledge that was used and how the reactor was designed conceptually. In addition, we also indicate what development methods, models and tools were applied...

  5. ARCHON: A Distributed Artificial Intelligence System for Industrial Applications

    OpenAIRE

    Cockburn, D; Jennings, N. R.

    1996-01-01

    ARCHON™ (ARchitecture for Cooperative Heterogeneous ON-line systems) is Europe’s largest project in the area of Distributed Artificial Intelligence (DAI). It has devised a general-purpose architecture, software framework and methodology which has been used to support the development of DAI systems in a number of industrial domains. Some examples of the applications to which it has been successfully applied include: electricity distribution and supply, electricity transmission and distribution...

  6. Application of radiation technology for industry and environmental protection

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The world population today is 5.7 billion and increasing by 94 million per year. In order to meet the increasing consumption of food and energy due to the tremendous population growth, unproved technologies which are environmentally friendly, are indispensable. In this context. a number of advanced technologies have been brought about by the LISC of radiation and isotopes. This paper highlights radiation technology, applications in industry, environmental conservation, and agriculture

  7. Digital shaft encoders for nuclear and conventional industrial applications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Photoelectric incremental shaft encoder giving 100 pulses per revolution developed at the Bhabha Atomic Research Centre is described. Some of its applications for position measurement in reactors and industry are discussed. They are for : (1) control rod position display in PURNIMA reactor, (2) X-ray diffractometer in CIRUS, (3) level measurement of liquid in PURNIMA II, (4) digital display of ram B in fuelling machine (5) position feedback device in numerically controlled drilling machine and (6) a tachometer. (M.G.B.)

  8. An application on demand forecasting in the Turkish tourism industry

    OpenAIRE

    Soysal, Mehmet; Ömürgönülşen, Mine

    2010-01-01

    In this study, forecasting method which is an interdisciplinary tool, was taken from the viewpoint of production and operations management and a demand forecasting application has been undertaken in the Turkish tourism industry. The data set consists of total number of tourists (domestic and foreign) who stayed in tourism resorts licensed by the Ministry of Culture and Tourism between the period of 2000 and 2007 in Turkey. The purpose of this study is to find the most appropriate time series ...

  9. Industrial applications and current trends in supercritical fluid technologies

    OpenAIRE

    Gamse Thomas

    2005-01-01

    Supercritical fluids have a great potential for wide fields of processes Although CO2 is still one of the most used supercritical gases, for special purposes propane or even fluorinated-chlorinated fluids have also been tested. The specific characteristics of supercritical fluids behaviour were analyzed such as for example the solubilities of different components and the phase equilibria between the solute and solvent. The application at industrial scale (decaffeinating of tea and coffee, hop...

  10. Application of CPLD in the industrial CT system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The application of CPLD (Complex Programmable Logic Devices) in the industrial CT system is discussed. The paper gives an architecture design and the realization of synchronized trigger module in the scan control sub-system; and also presents the circuit diagram and some result in detail. In the experimental CT system, it is well proved that the application of in-system programmable device supplies many advantages: the complexion of system and circuit is reduced; the process of debug and test is very simple; the system is flexible and the testing time is short. (authors)

  11. Application of Multivariate Analysis Tools to Industrial Scale Fermentation Data

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mears, Lisa; Nørregård, Rasmus; Stocks, Stuart M.;

    The analysis of batch process data can provide insight into the process operation, and there is a vast amount of historical data available for data mining. Empirical modelling utilising this data is desirable where there is a lack of understanding regarding the underlying process (Formenti et al...... concentration (Nomikos and MacGregor 1995). Multivariate analysis is a powerful tool for investigating large data sets by identification of trends in the data. However, there are also challenges associated with the application of multivariate analysis tools to batch process data. This is due to issues related...... application of multivariate methods to industrial scale process data to cover these considerations....

  12. Power electronics for renewable energy systems, transportation and industrial applications

    CERN Document Server

    Abu-Rub, Haitham; Al-Haddad, Kamal

    2014-01-01

    Compiles current research into the analysis and design of power electronic converters for industrial applications and renewable energy systems, presenting modern and future applications of power electronics systems in the field of electrical vehicles With emphasis on the importance and long-term viability of Power Electronics for Renewable Energy this book brings together the state of the art knowledge and cutting-edge techniques in various stages of research.  The topics included are not currently available for practicing professionals and aim to enable the reader to directly apply the know

  13. Applications of radiation technology and isotopes in industry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper reports the current status of applications of radiation technology and radioisotopes in industries, environmental conservation and medical products. The topics discussed are radiation processing - features and advantages, radiation sources, polymeric products, radiation cross-linking and grafting of polymers, radiation curing of surface coating, new developments; sterilization of medical products, applications for environmental protection i.e. cleaning the flue gases, disinfection of sewage and its recycling; nucleonic control system (NCS); major mechanisms of implementation of the Agency's programme for technology transfer - research contract programme, model projects and technical cooperation projects

  14. Industry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bernstein, Lenny; Roy, Joyashree; Delhotal, K. Casey; Harnisch, Jochen; Matsuhashi, Ryuji; Price, Lynn; Tanaka, Kanako; Worrell, Ernst; Yamba, Francis; Fengqi, Zhou; de la Rue du Can, Stephane; Gielen, Dolf; Joosen, Suzanne; Konar, Manaswita; Matysek, Anna; Miner, Reid; Okazaki, Teruo; Sanders, Johan; Sheinbaum Parado, Claudia

    2007-12-01

    This chapter addresses past, ongoing, and short (to 2010) and medium-term (to 2030) future actions that can be taken to mitigate GHG emissions from the manufacturing and process industries. Globally, and in most countries, CO{sub 2} accounts for more than 90% of CO{sub 2}-eq GHG emissions from the industrial sector (Price et al., 2006; US EPA, 2006b). These CO{sub 2} emissions arise from three sources: (1) the use of fossil fuels for energy, either directly by industry for heat and power generation or indirectly in the generation of purchased electricity and steam; (2) non-energy uses of fossil fuels in chemical processing and metal smelting; and (3) non-fossil fuel sources, for example cement and lime manufacture. Industrial processes also emit other GHGs, e.g.: (1) Nitrous oxide (N{sub 2}O) is emitted as a byproduct of adipic acid, nitric acid and caprolactam production; (2) HFC-23 is emitted as a byproduct of HCFC-22 production, a refrigerant, and also used in fluoroplastics manufacture; (3) Perfluorocarbons (PFCs) are emitted as byproducts of aluminium smelting and in semiconductor manufacture; (4) Sulphur hexafluoride (SF{sub 6}) is emitted in the manufacture, use and, decommissioning of gas insulated electrical switchgear, during the production of flat screen panels and semiconductors, from magnesium die casting and other industrial applications; (5) Methane (CH{sub 4}) is emitted as a byproduct of some chemical processes; and (6) CH{sub 4} and N{sub 2}O can be emitted by food industry waste streams. Many GHG emission mitigation options have been developed for the industrial sector. They fall into three categories: operating procedures, sector-wide technologies and process-specific technologies. A sampling of these options is discussed in Sections 7.2-7.4. The short- and medium-term potential for and cost of all classes of options are discussed in Section 7.5, barriers to the application of these options are addressed in Section 7.6 and the implication of

  15. Theoretical Evaluation of Parabolic trough Designs for Industrial Process Applications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rojas, M. E.; Fernandez, A.; Zarza, E.

    2006-07-01

    Although the best known application of parabolic-trough fields is power generation, its use as a source of industrial process heat and air-conditioning is becoming necessary because of the temperatures required (between 100C and 250C) and the recent promotion of these other applications (by the International Energy Agency, for example, by its Task 33/IV: 'Solar Heat for Industrial Processes'). Unfortunately, there are not many parabolic trough collectors (PTCs) commercially available and their cost/efficiency ratio is very high. This has motivated several research centres, universities and companies to support the development of PTCs suitable for such temperatures. PTCs are being designed with silver-glass mirrors or with aluminium reflectors, with or without flat glass covers, with vacuum or under atmospheric pressurized receivers, with selective or solar varnished absorbers, etc. The different materials involved and their combination in a specific design are responsible for the main features of the thermal behaviour of the PTC. A good first approximation to evaluating the applicability of a given design is to calculate its theoretical maximum efficiency, i.e., without taking manufacturing errors into consideration. This paper presents a comparison of the theoretical efficiencies of different PTCs configurations, which have been designed to provide fluid temperatures suitable for industrial processes and air-conditioning with absorption chillers. (Author)

  16. Trends for Electron Beam Accelerator Applications in Industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Machi, Sueo

    2011-02-01

    Electron beam (EB) accelerators are major pieces of industrial equipment used for many commercial radiation processing applications. The industrial use of EB accelerators has a history of more than 50 years and is still growing in terms of both its economic scale and new applications. Major applications involve the modification of polymeric materials to create value-added products, such as heat-resistant wires, heat-shrinkable sheets, automobile tires, foamed plastics, battery separators and hydrogel wound dressing. The surface curing of coatings and printing inks is a growing application for low energy electron accelerators, resulting in an environmentally friendly and an energy-saving process. Recently there has been the acceptance of the use of EB accelerators in lieu of the radioactive isotope cobalt-60 as a source for sterilizing disposable medical products. Environmental protection by the use of EB accelerators is a new and important field of application. A commercial plant for the cleaning flue gases from a coal-burning power plant is in operation in Poland, employing high power EB accelerators. In Korea, a commercial plant uses EB to clean waste water from a dye factory.

  17. Development of fiber optic gyroscopes for industrial and consumer applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ikeda, Yukio; Yuhara, Toshiya; Kumagai, Tatsuya; Soekawa, Hirokazu; Kajioka, Hiroshi

    1995-01-01

    This paper will present the current status of the fiber optic gyroscope (FOG), a ring interferometric rotation sensor for commercial applications by industries and consumers. An open-loop FOG with all polarization-maintaining fiber components is being used in these applications. One primary application is in vehicle navigation systems for automobiles, and a mass-produced has already been installed in luxury automobiles in Japan. Another application is in sweeper robots, Other applications such as a route-measuring system for boreholes, an attitude-controlling system for industrial helicopters, and an optocompass or north-seeking instrument will also be described. These FOGs are compact and reliable and need only a +12 V or a +24 V DC power source. This bias error is determined by the electrical system rather than the optical system and varies between 0.01 and 36 deg/h depending on the design of the signal-processing unit. The scale factor error varies between 0.1% and 1% also depending on the design, however, it is stable over the temperature range from -30 to 85 degree(s)C.

  18. Growing industrial applications of electron accelerator in Japan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Japan is a pioneer for application of electron accelerators. There are 248 electron accelerators used for industrial applications and 148 for research/development in Japan. The first commercial production of radiation cross-linked heat resistant wires was started in 1971. All major wire and cable companies are using several electron accelerators each for production of heat, flame and chemical resistant wires. More than 90% of automobile tires are produced by partial cross-linking of rubber using electron accelerator. Electron beam cross-linked heat shrinkable tubes and sheets are also extensively produced. More recently commercial production of electron beam cross-linked PVA hydrogel wound dressing has been commercialized. Only Japan is applying radiation grafting by using accelerator for commercial production of battery separator and deodorant, and further developing new applications. Curing of surface coating and printing inks by low energy self shielded accelerator is increasing in Japan because of better quality of products, non emission of VOC and energy saving. Efficient sterilization of medical products and food packages including PET bottles is new and growing application of accelerator in Japan. Accelerator application for cleaning environment is an important challenge. Removing SO2 and NOx by using electron accelerator was first developed in Japan and successfully being used industrially in Poland and China. Mobil electron accelerator is used for removing smell from drying of sewage sludge at waste water treatment plant in Japan. Major R/Ds for electron accelerator applications in Japan are (1) radiation grafted absorbent for recovery of uranium from sea water and rare metals from hot spring water, (2) cross-linked hydrogel, (3) VOC removals from flue gases for environmental protection, and (4) processing natural 2 polymers to value added products such as plant growth promoter or elicitor. Challenges of electron accelerator application are (1) expansion

  19. Potential Application of Yeast β-Glucans in Food Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vesna Zechner-krpan

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Different β-glucans are found in a variety of natural sources such as bacteria, yeast, algae, mushrooms, barley and oat. They have potential use in medicine and pharmacy, food, cosmetic and chemical industries, in veterinary medicine and feed production. The use of different β-glucans in food industry and their main characteristics important for food production are described in this paper. This review focuses on beneficial properties and application of β-glucans isolated from different yeasts, especially those that are considered as waste from brewing industry. Spent brewer’s yeast, a by-product of beer production, could be used as a raw-material for isolation of β-glucan. In spite of the fact that large quantities of brewer’s yeast are used as a feedstuff , certain quantities are still treated as a liquid waste. β-Glucan is one of the compounds that can achieve a greater commercial value than the brewer’s yeast itself and maximize the total profitability of the brewing process. β-Glucan isolated from spent brewer’s yeast possesses properties that are benefi cial for food production. Therefore, the use of spent brewer’s yeast for isolation of β-glucan intended for food industry would represent a payable technological and economical choice for breweries.

  20. Nuclear and radiation applications in industry: Tools for innovation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Applications of nuclear and radiation technologies have been contributing to industrial efficiency, energy conservation, and environmental protection for many years. Some of these are: Manufacturing industries: Radiation processing technologies are playing increasing roles during manufacturing of such everyday products as wire and cable, automobile tires, plastic films and sheets, and surface materials. Production processes: Other techniques employing radioisotope gauges are indispensable for on-line thickness measurements during paper, plastic, and steel plate production. Processing and quality checks are made using nucleonic control systems that are common features of industrial production lines. Sterilization of medical products using electron beam accelerators or cobalt-60 radiation is better than the conventional methods. Industrial safety and product quality: Non-destructive examination or testing using gamma- or X-ray radiography is widely used for checking welds, casting, machinery, and ceramics to ensure quality and safety. Additionally, radiotracer techniques are unique tools for the optimization of chemical processes in reactors, leakage detection, and wear and corrosion studies, for example. Environmental protection: An innovative technology using electron beams to simultaneously remove sulfur dioxide (SO2) and nitrogen oxides (NOx) has been under development. The electron beam technology is very cost competitive and its byproduct can be used as agricultural fertilizer

  1. Investigation for industrial development related to the establishment of advanced radiation application research center

    CERN Document Server

    Lee, Y I; Kim In Kyu

    2002-01-01

    To promote an enhance the radiation application research through the cooperation between industry and Advanced Radiation Application Research Center, the related industries with radiation technology were surveyed. The related industries were bioresources, environment control and chemical industries and non-destructive testing including trace technology

  2. Application of Electron Beam Surface Technologies in the Automotive Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Rolf Zenker; Anja Buchwalder

    2004-01-01

    Progress in the beam deflection technique opens up new possibilities for the application of electron beam (EB)surface and welding technologies in the automotive industry. This development is based on three-dimensional high-speed beam deflection and fully automatic online process control. So, in the EB surface treatment three-dimensional energy transfer fields can be realised which take into account the contour of a component, the conditions of heat conduction and the load conditions. High flexibility, precision and reproducibility are typical characteristics. High productivity is achieved by the simultaneous interaction of the EB in several processing areas or by carrying out several processes simultaneously. EB surface treatment is becoming more and more attractive and important especially in the automotive industry, and also in comparison to laser technologies. This paper deals with different EB surface technologies, for example hardening,remelting, surface alloying, dispersing or cladding of different materials such as steel, cast iron and different alloys of Al,Mg and Ti. Examples of applications in the automotive industry, especially engine components, will be discussed.

  3. Applications in Electronics Pervading Industry, Environment and Society

    CERN Document Server

    2016-01-01

    This book provides a thorough overview of cutting-edge research on electronics applications relevant to industry, the environment, and society at large. A wide spectrum of application domains are covered, from automotive to space and from health to security, and special attention is devoted to the use of embedded devices and sensors for imaging, communication, and control. The book is based on the 2014 APPLEPIES Conference, held in Rome, which brought together researchers and stakeholders to consider the most significant current trends in the field of applied electronics and to debate visions for the future. Areas covered by the conference included information communication technology; biotechnology and biomedical imaging; space; secure, clean, and efficient energy; the environment; and smart, green, and integrated transport. As electronics technology continues to develop apace, constantly meeting previously unthinkable targets, further attention needs to be directed toward the electronics applications and th...

  4. Prospect of radiation application in industry and agriculture

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The prospect of radiation application in industry and agriculture are described. In industry, the radiation-induced crosslinking of polymers and radiation-induced graft polymerization improved many chemical and physical properties and new functional materials were created using ion beams. In agriculture, the food irradiation improved the food hygiene and killed insect pest of fruits and vegetables. Furthermore, the sterile insect technique, mutation breeding of plants, positron imaging system for plant, sterilization of medical products, environmental conservation due to purification of flue gas and wastewater, and upgrading of natural polymer (polysaccharide etc.) have been performed. Radiation process is a clean one without use of chemical reagents. The electron beam radiation is expected to reduce the cost of radiation process compared with the gamma-ray radiation. (M.H.)

  5. Waste-to-energy application in an industrial district

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Meneghetti, A.; Nardin, G.; Simeoni, P. [Udine Univ. (Italy). Dip. di Energetica e Macchine

    2002-05-01

    Industrial districts present some features that can be recognized and exploited in the plant engineering through the proposal of solutions which are not simple applications of models created for individual companies. This work illustrates a waste-to-energy plant to be used for the industrial waste of the district of Friuli Venezia Giulia. The project is between university and local entrepreneurs. It is described how the expense for woodworking-waste disposal can turn from a charge into an advantage for the firms of the district thanks to the incineration of this waste in a plant unique for the typology of waste treated. Each plant section is described in detail, underlining innovative approaches and solutions. (Author)

  6. Metabolic engineering of Yarrowia lipolytica for industrial applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, Quinn; Jackson, Ethel N

    2015-12-01

    Yarrowia lipolytica is a safe and robust yeast that has a history of industrial applications. Its physiological, metabolic and genomic characteristics have made it a superior host for metabolic engineering. The results of optimizing internal pathways and introducing new pathways have demonstrated that Y. lipolytica can be a platform cell factory for cost-effective production of chemicals and fuels derived from fatty acids, lipids and acetyl-CoA. Two products have been commercialized from metabolically engineered Y. lipolytica strains producing high amounts of omega-3 eicosapentaenoic acid, and more products are on the way to be produced at industrial scale. Here we review recent progress in metabolic engineering of Y. lipolytica for production of biodiesel fuel, functional fatty acids and carotenoids. PMID:26319895

  7. Biology and Industrial Applications of Chlorella: Advances and Prospects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Jin; Chen, Feng

    2016-01-01

    Chlorella represents a group of eukaryotic green microalgae that has been receiving increasing scientific and commercial interest. It possesses high photosynthetic ability and is capable of growing robustly under mixotrophic and heterotrophic conditions as well. Chlorella has long been considered as a source of protein and is now industrially produced for human food and animal feed. Chlorella is also rich in oil, an ideal feedstock for biofuels. The exploration of biofuel production by Chlorella is underway. Chlorella has the ability to fix carbon dioxide efficiently and to remove nutrients of nitrogen and phosphorous, making it a good candidate for greenhouse gas biomitigation and wastewater bioremediation. In addition, Chlorella shows potential as an alternative expression host for recombinant protein production, though challenges remain to be addressed. Currently, omics analyses of certain Chlorella strains are being performed, which will help to unravel the biological implications of Chlorella and facilitate the future exploration of industrial applications. PMID:25537445

  8. Industrial application of PV/T solar energy systems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hybrid photovoltaic/thermal (PV/T) systems consist of PV modules and heat extraction units mounted together. These systems can simultaneously provide electrical and thermal energy, thus achieving a higher energy conversion rate of the absorbed solar radiation than plain photovoltaics. Industries show high demand of energy for both heat and electricity and the hybrid PV/T systems could be used in order to meet this requirement. In this paper the application aspects in the industry of PV/T systems with water heat extraction is presented. The systems are analyzed with TRNSYS program for three locations Nicosia, Athens and Madison that are located at different latitudes. The system comprises 300 m2 of hybrid PV/T collectors producing both electricity and thermal energy and a 10 m3 water storage tank. The work includes the study of an industrial process heat system operated at two load supply temperatures of 60 deg. C and 80 deg. C. The results show that the electrical production of the system, employing polycrystalline solar cells, is more than the amorphous ones but the solar thermal contribution is slightly lower. A non-hybrid PV system produces about 25% more electrical energy but the present system covers also, depending on the location, a large percentage of the thermal energy requirement of the industry considered. The economic viability of the systems is proven, as positive life cycle savings are obtained in the case of hybrid systems and the savings are increased for higher load temperature applications. Additionally, although amorphous silicon panels are much less efficient than the polycrystalline ones, better economic figures are obtained due to their lower initial cost, i.e., they have better cost/benefit ratio

  9. Application of Laser Ablation Processing in Electric Power System Industries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Konagai, Chikara; Sano, Yuji; Nittoh, Koichi; Kuwako, Akira

    The present status of laser ablation processing applied in electric power system industries is reviewed. High average power LD-pumped Nd:YAG lasers with Q-switch have been developed and currently introduced into various applications. Optical fiber based laser beam delivery systems for Q-switched pulse laser are also being developed these years. Based on such laser and beam delivery technology, laser ablation processes are gradually introduced in maintenance of nuclear power plant, thermal power plant and electrical power distribution system. Cost effectiveness, robustness and reliability of the process is highly required for wide utilization in these fields.

  10. Electrochemical Machining – Special Equipment and Applications in Aircraft Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ruszaj Adam

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Electrochemical machining is an unique method of shaping in which, for optimal parameters tool has no wear, surface layer properties after machining are similar to the core material and surface quality and accuracy increase together with material removal rate increase. Such advantages of electrochemical machining, besides of some ecological problems, create industry interest in the range of manufacturing elements made of materials with special properties (i.e. turbine blades of flow aircrafts engines. In the paper the nowadays possibilities and recent practical application of electrochemical machining in aircraft have been presented.

  11. Reproducibility of deposition and industrial applications of stable superhard nanocomposites

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Stan Veprek

    2004-01-01

    After a brief introduction regarding the different approaches to superhard coatings we shall concentrate on the problem of the reproducibility of the deposition of superhard and thermally very stable nanocomposites according to the design principle published by Veprek and Reiprich in 1995. It will be shown that either the choice of inappropriate deposition conditions, in contradiction to our design principle, or impurities in the coatings are the reason for the lack of reproducibility of our earlier results by many other workers. We shall also briefly summarize the recent industrial applications.

  12. Application of Nuclear Techniques in Industry and the Environment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Major radiotracer techniques are now in routine service industry to optimize processes, solve problems improve product quality, save energy and reduction pollution. The benefit to cost ratios of radiotracers, sealed sources and nucleonic gauges applications are considerably high; between 10:1 and 4000:1. The number of services for troubleshooting carried out worldwide per year is in excess of tens of thousands (out of them greater than 5000 are gamma scans). The number of nucleonic gauges worldwide could be estimated to be greater that 250,000 (Author)

  13. Application of TDA5005 industrial total station at BEPCII

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    For reconstruction of the Beijing Electron Positron Collider (BEPCII), performance of the industrial total station Leica TDA 5005 was combined with technical requirements of BEPCII. The control points and instruments reference points of the storage ring were measured repeatedly. In this paper, we analyze the accuracy and reliability of automatic target recognition (ATR) measurement with TDA5005, and discuss the feasibility of applying it in the accelerator alignment measurement. The results can be of help in this kind of applications in alignment measurements of similar accelerators. (authors)

  14. Oxygen-activated sludge considerations for industrial applications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Adams, C.E.; Eckenfelder, W.W.; Koon, J.H.; Shelby, S.E.

    1978-01-01

    An economic comparison between air- and oxygen-activated sludge systems shows that for a plant designed to handle 60,000 lb/day of BOD, the oxygen system is $1.9 million less costly than an air system employing low-speed mechanical surface aerators. The factors to consider when evaluating the potential of pure oxygen for industrial wastewater applications are discussed, including organic removal kinetics, equilibrium aeration basin temperature and pH, stripping of volatile organics (e.g., toluene and benzene), control of odors, susceptibility to shock loadings, operating mixed liquor volatile suspended solids levels, sludge production, and sludge settleability.

  15. Industrial application of e-beam accelerators in Korea

    Science.gov (United States)

    Han, Bumsoo; Kim, JinKyu; Kim, Yuri; Jeong, Kwang-Young

    2012-07-01

    Electron Accelerators are the most common means of radiation processing, and they are used in diverse industries to enhance the physical and the chemical properties of materials and to reduce undesirable contaminants, such as pathogens or toxic by-products of materials. Fifteen thousand [1,500] electron accelerators are commercially used in the world, and this number is eight or nine times greater than the number of Gamma irradiation facilities. Electron accelerators are reliable and durable electrically-sourced equipment that can produce ionizing radiation when it is needed for a particular commercial use. Electron accelerators were introduced in Korea during the 1970s, firstly for research and later for insulated wire and cable production. At present, over sixty electron accelerators are in commercial use, providing several billion USD annually in Korean industries, mainly for purposes such as, productions of wires, cables, thermo-shrinkable materials, foam sheets, and coating, curing of materials, sterilization of medical products, environmental protection, and others. With the increasing needs in the automobile and electronics industries, applicable areas for electron accelerator will be extended greatly in the future.

  16. Microfluidics—from fundamental research to industrial applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Köster, Sarah

    2013-03-01

    The advance of microfluidics started in the early 1980s. At the time, researchers realized that many processes and reactions in chemistry and biology, which typically take place on small length scales, can be defined, controlled and understood much better when using tools on equally small length scales. Reactions and reaction kinetics rely on (gradual) concentration differences and microfluidics provides the unique possibility to establish exactly such gradients of solutes, ion concentrations, pH value and so on. Nowadays the variety of specific microfluidic methods is large. In principle, they can be divided into two groups: (i) monophase flow, where miscible (e.g. aqueous) fluids are mixed, mostly by diffusion owing to the laminar flow on small length scales and (ii) multiphase flow, the most prominent example of which is probably droplet microfluidics, where water-in-oil or oil-in-water emulsions are used to encapsulate chemical or biological systems and separate them from each other, much like in 'micron-scale test tubes'. Now, 30 years later, microfluidic techniques are seriously considered for industrial applications, although some important steps in the upscaling process are still missing. The purpose of this special issue is to shed light on the different aspects in microfluidics research starting from fundamental research reaching all the way to industrial applications. The study by Toma and co-workers takes advantage of the controlled diffusive mixing when co-flowing aqueous, miscible solutions. They combine microfluidics with optical, spectroscopic and scattering techniques to study DNA packing. Nunes et al review the different regimes when replacing one of the fluids by an oil phase and varying flow rates and device geometries with a particular emphasis on using multiphase microfluidics for synthesis of particles or fibres. Going into the third dimension by fabricating microfluidic devices with several layers, producing emulsions can also be achieved by

  17. Thermal sensors principles and applications for semiconductor industries

    CERN Document Server

    2015-01-01

    This book is a comprehensive guide to both the fundamentals of thermal sensors and their advanced functions. Key topics include sensor materials, CMOS-compatible sensors, measurement capabilities, thermal management and manufacturing processes. The introductory chapter covers the basic principles of thermal sensors from the essentials of heat transfer to smart wireless sensors. Later chapters illustrate the wide range of thermal sensor uses, from microprocessor thermal sensing to energy converter applications. Modeling and simulation techniques are used to explain the future direction of the field. Designed for researchers and practitioners working with wireless sensors and thermal management, Thermal Sensors: Principles and Applications for Semiconductor Industries is a valuable reference to the benefits and challenges these sensors offer. Advanced-level students studying mechanical or electrical engineering and networks will also find the content useful.

  18. Research and industrial applications of EDXRF at MINT

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    EDXRF is an analytical technique offering rapid and simple elemental analysis on a range of sample from solid, liquid, metals to powders and films. The technique that was first installed at MINT in 1994 is use both in research as well as industrial applications. Materials characterisation of ceramics, purity of precious metals and measurements of optimum processing conditions are among its main applications. One of the main benefits of this technique in this sector is its ease in sample preparation, where direct analysis is commonly done. Also, the non-destructiveness of the technique had also contributed to its advantages of analysing small precious sample besides made it more accurate as more repetitive analysis can be carried out. (Author)

  19. Industrial applications of ion implantation into metal surfaces

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The modern materials processing technique, ion implantation, has intriguing and attractive features that stimulate the imaginations of scientists and technologists. Success of the technique for introducing dopants into semiconductors has resulted in a stable and growing infrastructure of capital equipment and skills for use of the technique in the economy. Attention has turned to possible use of ion implantation for modification of nearly all surface related properties of materials - optical, chemical and corrosive, tribological, and several others. This presentation provides an introduction to fundamental aspects of equipment, technique, and materials science of ion implantation. Practical and economic factors pertaining to the technology are discussed. Applications and potential applications are surveyed. There are already available a number of ion-implanted products, including ball-and-roller bearings and races, punches-and-dies, injection screws for plastics molding, etc., of potential interest to the machine tool industry

  20. Industrial applications of ion implantation into metal surfaces

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Williams, J.M.

    1987-07-01

    The modern materials processing technique, ion implantation, has intriguing and attractive features that stimulate the imaginations of scientists and technologists. Success of the technique for introducing dopants into semiconductors has resulted in a stable and growing infrastructure of capital equipment and skills for use of the technique in the economy. Attention has turned to possible use of ion implantation for modification of nearly all surface related properties of materials - optical, chemical and corrosive, tribological, and several others. This presentation provides an introduction to fundamental aspects of equipment, technique, and materials science of ion implantation. Practical and economic factors pertaining to the technology are discussed. Applications and potential applications are surveyed. There are already available a number of ion-implanted products, including ball-and-roller bearings and races, punches-and-dies, injection screws for plastics molding, etc., of potential interest to the machine tool industry.

  1. Environmental and industrial applications of pulsed power systems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The technology base formed by the development of high peak power simulators, laser drivers, free electron lasers (FEL's), and Inertial Confinement Fusion (ICF) drivers from the early 60's through the late 80's is being extended to high average power short-pulse machines with the capabilities of performing new roles in environmental cleanup applications and in supporting new types of industrial manufacturing processes. Some of these processes will require very high average beam power levels of hundreds of kilowatts to perhaps megawatts. In this paper we briefly discuss new technology capabilities and then concentrate on specific application areas that may benefit from the high specific energies and high average powers attainable with short-pulse machines

  2. Environmental and industrial applications of pulsed power systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Neau, E.L.

    1993-10-01

    The technology base formed by the development of high peak power simulators, laser drivers, free electron lasers (FEL`s), and Inertial Confinement Fusion (ICF) drivers from the early 60`s through the late 80`s is being extended to high average power short-pulse machines with the capabilities of performing new roles in environmental cleanup applications and in supporting new types of industrial manufacturing processes. Some of these processes will require very high average beam power levels of hundreds of kilowatts to perhaps megawatts. In this paper we briefly discuss new technology capabilities and then concentrate on specific application areas that may benefit from the high specific energies and high average powers attainable with short-pulse machines.

  3. Observing working postures in industry: Examples of OWAS application.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karhu, O; Härkönen, R; Sorvali, P; Vepsäläinen, P

    1981-03-01

    A practical method for identifying and evaluating poor working postures, ie the Ovako Working Posture Analysing System (OWAS), was presented in an earlier paper (Karhu et al, 1977). The application of the method is here described by means of two examples. One is a case study undertaken by members of an ergonomics training course, in which a marked improvement in working posture was achieved by OWAS analysis of critical activities. The second illustrates the effect of setting up a multidisciplinary group in order to develop an alternative method for the installation and maintenance of steel mill equipment. In both examples, application of the OWAS method led to improved posture in the situations studied, and to the likelihood of its wider industrial use. PMID:15676393

  4. Advanced Energy Saving and its Applications in Industry

    CERN Document Server

    Matsuda, Kazuo; Fushimi, Chihiro; Tsutsumi, Atsushi; Kishimoto, Akira

    2013-01-01

    The conventional approach for energy saving in a process system is to maximize heat recovery without changing any process conditions by using pinch technology. “Self-heat recuperation technology” was developed to achieve further energy saving in the process system by eliminating the necessity for any external heat input, such as firing or imported steam. Advanced Energy Saving and its Applications in Industry introduces the concept of self-heat recuperation and the application of such technology to a wide range of processes from heavy chemical complexes to other processes such as drying and gas separation processes, which require heating and cooling during operation.   Conventional energy saving items in a utility system are applied and implemented based on a single site approach, however, when looking at heavy chemical complexes, it was apparent that the low-grade heat discharged as waste from a refinery could also be used in an adjacent petrochemical plant. There could therefore be a large energy savin...

  5. Artificial Intelligence Application in Power Generation Industry: Initial considerations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ismail, Rahmat Izaizi B.; Ismail Alnaimi, Firas B.; AL-Qrimli, Haidar F.

    2016-03-01

    With increased competitiveness in power generation industries, more resources are directed in optimizing plant operation, including fault detection and diagnosis. One of the most powerful tools in faults detection and diagnosis is artificial intelligence (AI). Faults should be detected early so correct mitigation measures can be taken, whilst false alarms should be eschewed to avoid unnecessary interruption and downtime. For the last few decades there has been major interest towards intelligent condition monitoring system (ICMS) application in power plant especially with AI development particularly in artificial neural network (ANN). ANN is based on quite simple principles, but takes advantage of their mathematical nature, non-linear iteration to demonstrate powerful problem solving ability. With massive possibility and room for improvement in AI, the inspiration for researching them are apparent, and literally, hundreds of papers have been published, discussing the findings of hybrid AI for condition monitoring purposes. In this paper, the studies of ANN and genetic algorithm (GA) application will be presented.

  6. Applying advanced digital signal processing techniques in industrial radioisotopes applications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Radioisotopes can be used to obtain signals or images in order to recognize the information inside the industrial systems. The main problems of using these techniques are the difficulty of identification of the obtained signals or images and the requirement of skilled experts for the interpretation process of the output data of these applications. Now, the interpretation of the output data from these applications is performed mainly manually, depending heavily on the skills and the experience of trained operators. This process is time consuming and the results typically suffer from inconsistency and errors. The objective of the thesis is to apply the advanced digital signal processing techniques for improving the treatment and the interpretation of the output data from the different Industrial Radioisotopes Applications (IRA). This thesis focuses on two IRA; the Residence Time Distribution (RTD) measurement and the defect inspection of welded pipes using a gamma source (gamma radiography). In RTD measurement application, this thesis presents methods for signal pre-processing and modeling of the RTD signals. Simulation results have been presented for two case studies. The first case study is a laboratory experiment for measuring the RTD in a water flow rig. The second case study is an experiment for measuring the RTD in a phosphate production unit. The thesis proposes an approach for RTD signal identification in the presence of noise. In this approach, after signal processing, the Mel Frequency Cepstral Coefficients (MFCCs) and polynomial coefficients are extracted from the processed signal or from one of its transforms. The Discrete Wavelet Transform (DWT), Discrete Cosine Transform (DCT), and Discrete Sine Transform (DST) have been tested and compared for efficient feature extraction. Neural networks have been used for matching of the extracted features. Furthermore, the Power Density Spectrum (PDS) of the RTD signal has been also used instead of the discrete

  7. Potential Application of Yeast β-Glucans in Food Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vesna Zechner-Krpan

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 false false false MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language:#0400; mso-fareast-language:#0400; mso-bidi-language:#0400;} Different β-glucans are found in a variety of natural sources such as bacteria, yeast, algae, mushrooms, barley and oat. They have potential use in medicine and pharmacy, food, cosmetic and chemical industries, in veterinary medicine and feed production. The use of different β-glucans in food industry and their main characteristics important for food production are described in this paper. This review focuses on beneficial properties and application of β-glucans isolated from different yeasts, especially those that are considered as waste from brewing industry. Spent brewer’s yeast, a by-product of beer production, could be used as a raw-material for isolation of β-glucan. In spite of the fact that large quantities of brewer’s yeast are used as a feedstuff , certain quantities are still treated as a liquid waste. β-Glucan is one of the compounds that can achieve a greater commercial value than the brewer’s yeast itself and maximize the total profitability of the brewing process. β-Glucan isolated from spent brewer’s yeast possesses properties that are benefi cial for food production. Therefore, the use of spent brewer’s yeast for isolation of β-glucan intended for food industry would represent a payable technological and economical choice for breweries.

  8. Progress for the Industry Application External Hazard Analyses Early Demonstration

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report describes the current progress and status related to the Industry Application #2 focusing on External Hazards. For this industry application within the Light Water Reactor Sustainability (LWRS) Program Risk-Informed Safety Margin Characterization (RISMC) R&D Pathway, we will create the Risk-Informed Margin Management (RIMM) approach to represent meaningful (i.e., realistic facility representation) event scenarios and consequences by using an advanced 3D facility representation that will evaluate external hazards such as flooding and earthquakes in order to identify, model and analyze the appropriate physics that needs to be included to determine plant vulnerabilities related to external events; manage the communication and interactions between different physics modeling and analysis technologies; and develop the computational infrastructure through tools related to plant representation, scenario depiction, and physics prediction. One of the unique aspects of the RISMC approach is how it couples probabilistic approaches (the scenario) with mechanistic phenomena representation (the physics) through simulation. This simulation-based modeling allows decision makers to focus on a variety of safety, performance, or economic metrics. In this report, we describe the evaluation of various physics toolkits related to flooding representation. Ultimately, we will be coupling the flooding representation with other events such as earthquakes in order to provide coupled physics analysis for scenarios where interactions exist.

  9. Progress for the Industry Application External Hazard Analyses Early Demonstration

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Smith, Curtis L. [Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States); Prescott, Steven [Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States); Coleman, Justin [Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States); Ryan, Emerald [Idaho State Univ., Pocatello, ID (United States); Bhandari, Bishwo [Idaho State Univ., Pocatello, ID (United States); Sludern, Daniel [Idaho State Univ., Pocatello, ID (United States); Pope, Chad [Idaho State Univ., Pocatello, ID (United States); Sampath, Ram [Centroid PIC, Idaho Falls, ID (United States)

    2015-09-01

    This report describes the current progress and status related to the Industry Application #2 focusing on External Hazards. For this industry application within the Light Water Reactor Sustainability (LWRS) Program Risk-Informed Safety Margin Characterization (RISMC) R&D Pathway, we will create the Risk-Informed Margin Management (RIMM) approach to represent meaningful (i.e., realistic facility representation) event scenarios and consequences by using an advanced 3D facility representation that will evaluate external hazards such as flooding and earthquakes in order to identify, model and analyze the appropriate physics that needs to be included to determine plant vulnerabilities related to external events; manage the communication and interactions between different physics modeling and analysis technologies; and develop the computational infrastructure through tools related to plant representation, scenario depiction, and physics prediction. One of the unique aspects of the RISMC approach is how it couples probabilistic approaches (the scenario) with mechanistic phenomena representation (the physics) through simulation. This simulation-based modeling allows decision makers to focus on a variety of safety, performance, or economic metrics. In this report, we describe the evaluation of various physics toolkits related to flooding representation. Ultimately, we will be coupling the flooding representation with other events such as earthquakes in order to provide coupled physics analysis for scenarios where interactions exist.

  10. Industrial applications of process imaging and image processing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scott, David M.; Sunshine, Gregg; Rosen, Lou; Jochen, Ed

    2001-02-01

    Process imaging is the art of visualizing events inside closed industrial processes. Image processing is the art of mathematically manipulating digitized images to extract quantitative information about such processes. Ongoing advances in camera and computer technology have made it feasible to apply these abilities to measurement needs in the chemical industry. To illustrate the point, this paper describes several applications developed at DuPont, where a variety of measurements are based on in-line, at-line, and off-line imaging. Application areas include compounding, melt extrusion, crystallization, granulation, media milling, and particle characterization. Polymer compounded with glass fiber is evaluated by a patented radioscopic (real-time X-ray imaging) technique to measure concentration and dispersion uniformity of the glass. Contamination detection in molten polymer (important for extruder operations) is provided by both proprietary and commercial on-line systems. Crystallization in production reactors is monitored using in-line probes and flow cells. Granulation is controlled by at-line measurements of granule size obtained from image processing. Tomographic imaging provides feedback for improved operation of media mills. Finally, particle characterization is provided by a robotic system that measures individual size and shape for thousands of particles without human supervision. Most of these measurements could not be accomplished with other (non-imaging) techniques.

  11. MeV ion processing applications for industry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ions beams with MeV energies produce a variety of interactions with matter, broadly classified as either electronic or nuclear. These interactions in turn lead to changes in the properties of the matter which may be beneficial or detrimental. In high technology industry, use is increasingly made of ion beam technologies to process novel materials. Typical applications include high energy implantation, in which the deposition of a specific element at depth within the structure of material is the required objective, and irradiation modification, in which the balance between the beneficial and the detrimental effects of the fast ion interactions is exploited. The basic principles behind MeV ion processing are described. Broad areas of application in industrial materials include effects in ion beam analysis, Thin Layer Activation for wear and corrosion measurement, carrier lifetime control in electronic devices, and the simulation of radiation damage effects in, for example, solar cells for spacecraft. New development areas are described in which subtle but potentially significant changes in the chemistry of surfaces and interfaces may be generated by exposure to MeV ion beams. (orig.)

  12. Adaptive-passive vibration control systems for industrial applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mayer, D.; Pfeiffer, T.; Vrbata, J.; Melz, T.

    2015-04-01

    Tuned vibration absorbers have become common for passive vibration reduction in many industrial applications. Lightly damped absorbers (also called neutralizers) can be used to suppress narrowband disturbances by tuning them to the excitation frequency. If the resonance is adapted in-operation, the performance of those devices can be significantly enhanced, or inertial mass can be decreased. However, the integration of actuators, sensors and control electronics into the system raises new design challenges. In this work, the development of adaptive-passive systems for vibration reduction at an industrial scale is presented. As an example, vibration reduction of a ship engine was studied in a full scale test. Simulations were used to study the feasibility and evaluate the system concept at an early stage. Several ways to adjust the resonance of the neutralizer were evaluated, including piezoelectric actuation and common mechatronic drives. Prototypes were implemented and tested. Since vibration absorbers suffer from high dynamic loads, reliability tests were used to assess the long-term behavior under operational conditions and to improve the components. It was proved that the adaptive systems are capable to withstand the mechanical loads in an industrial application. Also a control strategy had to be implemented in order to track the excitation frequency. The most mature concepts were integrated into the full scale test. An imbalance exciter was used to simulate the engine vibrations at a realistic level experimentally. The neutralizers were tested at varying excitation frequencies to evaluate the tracking capabilities of the control system. It was proved that a significant vibration reduction is possible.

  13. The design of automated nuclear data systems for industrial application

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    There is a recognized need for on-line monitoring instrumentation that can provide continuous information concerning the distribution of radio-isotopes in nuclear power stations. Consideration of the approach to the design of automated nuclear spectrometry systems for this application provides an example of the operation of complex nuclear data systems in an industrial environment with a requirement for high reliability. Examples of installed systems used for isotopic assay of plant streams and effluents are discussed in some detail. Important considerations in the design of these systems include: (1) automated system energy calibration, (2) verification of system performance, (3) extreme dynamic range, and (4) automated data interpretation to provide plant personnel with information in a form to make operational decisions. High counting rate, front-end electronics developed for this application are described. These systems utilize distributed architecture for optimized through-put and reliability. Trends illustrated in the design of these systems are considered to be applicable for all sophisticated measurement systems which incorporate computer techniques for data acquisition and analysis. The development of diagnostic techniques to insure proper operation of these systems is considered to be essential for field application of measurement systems of increasing complexity. It is anticipated that commercial equipment will be incorporating these techniques in the future. (author)

  14. Applications og gamma radiation to the forestry industry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Chile is a country with forestry attributes, which have been developed by government policies to the point where this sector is now the country's second source of export income, at around US$ 2 billion annually. Forestry plantations are providing the market with growing product volumes and by 2010 the availability of timber is estimated to be double that of 1996. Wood is a heavily used product worldwide, with characteristics such as durability, working ease, resistance to abrasion, and low density compared to other alternative products, putting it in demand for many applications. Nevertheless, it also has a series of limitations that restrict its field of application, the most important being dimensional instability, anisotropy in resistance properties and subject to insect and fungus attacks. The wood industry in Chile has been affected by phytosanitary restrictions imposed by the U.S.A. Around 2015 the fumigant MeBr will be prohibited by international sanitary regulations because of damage to the ozone layer. Given the big harvest that Chile will have in the coming decade, the country will have a greater need to access export markets, so it must find a technology to help it confront these prohibitions. The remanufacturing industry must also look for new markets, new products and products with greater added value, in order not to increase its exports of chips. This is the least manufactured product and has the least added value of anything that our forest can sell. Among the alternatives is the possibility of differentiating local production by generating new products from the species that are available in the country. There are nuclear techniques for improving wood properties, which have been analyzed by the CCHEN in order to meet the need of the local forestry industry. An internationally developed technique is the fabrication of wood-plastic composits, topic that has been analyzed and worked with INTEC-CHILE and privately owned companies have become interested

  15. Industrial and Commercial Applications of FRM-II

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Forschungsneutronenquelle Heinz Maier-Leibnitz is Germany’s youngest and by its 20 MW most powerful research reactor. It is operated by the Technische Universität München (TUM) on its campus in Garching. The design of FRM II is characterized by a single compact fuel element being embedded in a large heavy water filled moderator tank. In this geometry the peak value of the thermal neutron flux density is located outside the fuel element in an area which is accessible for major experimental installations like the Cold Neutron Source. A further advantage of the use of heavy water is that it results in a very high ratio of thermal/fast neutron flux density offering ideal conditions for most irradiation experiments. In order to attract not only scientists but also commercial customers FRM II operates various irradiation facilities covering a large variety of applications. The commercially most important activity is the doping of Si by neutron transmutation; about 15 t of Si are processed per year. Growing interested is also attributed to the production of isotopes for industrial and radiopharmaceutical purposes using FRM II’s high flux irradiation channels. Of course also standard irradiation applications like the exposure of samples for neutron activation analysis or the irradiation of geological samples for fission track analysis are provided by FRM II. Another application which merits special attention is the therapy of mainly skin and throat cancer by means of fast neutron irradiation. Starting from 2007 human patients are treated in FRM II on a regular basis in cooperation with TUM’s faculty for medicine. Finally also neutron scattering techniques like for example neutron tomography, non destructive stress measurements or small angle scattering are offered on a commercial basis by FRM II to interested parties from the industry. (author)

  16. Instrumentation for Applied Physics and Industrial Applications: Applications of Detectors in Technology, Medicine and Other Fields

    CERN Document Server

    Hillemanns, H

    2011-01-01

    Instrumentation for Applied Physics and Industrial Applications in 'Applications of Detectors in Technology, Medicine and Other Fields', part of 'Landolt-Börnstein - Group I Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms: Numerical Data and Functional Relationships in Science and Technology, Volume 21B2: Detectors for Particles and Radiation. Part 2: Systems and Applications'. This document is part of Part 2 'Principles and Methods' of Subvolume B 'Detectors for Particles and Radiation' of Volume 21 'Elementary Particles' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I 'Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms'. It contains the Section '7.3 Instrumentation for Applied Physics and Industrial Applications' of Chapter '7 Applications of Detectors in Technology; Medicine and Other Fields' with the content: 7.3 Instrumentation for Applied Physics and Industrial Applications 7.3.1 Applications of HEP Detectors 7.3.2 Fast Micro- and Nanoelectronics for Particle Detector Readout 7.3.2.1 Fast Counting Mode Front End Electronics 7.3.2.2 NINO,...

  17. Application oriented programming and control of industrial robots

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Efficient use of industrial robots requires a strong interplay between user level commands, the motion control system, and external equipment. It should also be possible for an experienced application engineer to tailor the motion control to a specific application in a convenient way, instead of deficient utilization of the device or tricky user programming which is often the case today. A layered software architecture has been designed based on an application oriented view, considering typical hardware and software constraints. The top layers or the architecture support improved integration of off-line programming with interactive teach-in programming. The proposed solution is based on a transformation of robot programs between an on-line and an off-line representation. A central part of the architecture is an intermediate software layer, allowing the experienced user to introduce application specific motion primitives, on top of the motion control system. Flexibility during system configuration combined with computing efficiency and performance at run-time is of major importance. The solution is based on so called actions, which are methods to be passed between different software layers. Such methods can be specification of nonlinear control parameters, application specific control strategies, or treatment of external sensor signals. The actions can be implemented efficiently even in the multiprocessor case by using relocatable executable pieces of code generated from a special cross-compilation strategy. The lowest layers, comprising the motion control, have to be efficient and still fit in with the upper layers. In these layers, software solutions include an external sensor interface and a concept of motion pipelining allowing sensor based motions to be partly computed in advance. An experimental platform, built around commercially available robots, has been developed to verify the proposed solutions. (au)

  18. Industrial Applications of High Power CO2 Lasers - System Descriptions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gukelberger, Armin

    1986-10-01

    The laser as a cutting tool for sheet metal cutting has beenl well accepted in industry for many years. Several hundreds of units are used for contour cutting of small and medium-sized series on plane metal sheets up to 6 mm thick. Within the last three years, cutting systems have been expanded in three ways: thicker material up to 12 mm can now be cut by using higher powered lasers (1500 W); with the introduction of flying optic systems which cover sheet dimensions up to 4 m x 3 m, the cutting of larger sized metal sheets is possible. In addition, the use of five or six axis systems allows cutting of three-dimensional plastic and metal material. Besides laser cutting, the acceptance of systems for laser welding applications is increa sing. Several systems have been running in production for a couple of years and laser wel ding will probably become the fastest growing market in laser material processing within the next five years. The laser technology is regarded as a beneficial tool for welding, whenever low heat input and, consequently, low heat distortion is requested. To day's main welding application areas are: components of car engines and transmissions, window spacer and stainless steel tube welding, and also car body welding with laser robots or five axis gantry type systems. The output power of CO2-lasers for welding applications is between 1 and 5 kw in most cases.

  19. Application of energy conservation technologies in Indian industries

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The quadrupling of oil prices in 1973 signaled the beginning of a crises period for the oil importing countries. It hampered the economic growth of developed and developing countries alike. The pace of industrialization slowed down, recession set in and the oil importing developing nations found their balance of payment situation steadily going worse. The second increase of oil prices in 1979 further compounded the problems. It did seem that the problem of economic growth and increasing debt burden was intractable as far as developing nations were concerned. Behind this turmoil were the faint stirrings of alternative actions that sought to wean the world from its oil and fossil fuel dominated economies. These alternatives ranged from harnessing renewable energy sources, such as solar, wind and biomass to implementing end-use energy efficiency strategies. A major lesson of the oil crunch era was that energy efficiency is tangible resource by itself that competes economically with contemporary energy supply options. In addition to this, four major national priorities, viz, economic competitiveness, utilization of scare capital for development, environmental quality and energy security through oil dependence provided an urgent rationale for saving energy. While conservation consciousness has already taken roots in Pakistan industry, it needs to be nurtured and gains need to be consolidated. The need of the hour is to take stock of the situation elsewhere, particularly in similar geographical and socio-economic situations, and plan for an energy efficient tomorrow. This article attempts to delineate the notable developments that have taken place in the application of energy conservation technologies in the Indian industries. These efforts have had a salutary effect on the Indian value added sector which was saddled with old plant and machinery designed in the era of cheap energy. (author)

  20. Application of positron emission tomography in industrial research

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Positron Emission computed Tomography (PET) is a relatively new imaging technique, exploiting the 511 keV annihilation radiation characteristic of positron emitters. Although exclusively used till now in the field of nuclear medicine, the application of PET for the non-invasive, in-situ visualisation of processes of industrial interest is challenging, because PET can in principle be used to obtain quantitative, 2D/3D images of the flow and distribution of fluids inside process units, whose steel walls may be up to several centimeters thick. With the aid of a NeuroECAT positron tomographer the PET technique has been utilised to image important (model) processes in the petrochemical industry, using physical labelling of the phase to be imaged. First, the displacement of a brine/surfactant phase, labelled with 66Ga-EDTA, in a piece of reservoir rock was imaged. Secondly, the dehydration of water-in-oil emulsions was monitored dynamically by labelling the water phase with 68Ga-EDTA. The second study in particular demonstrates that in the presence of noisy data the image reconstruction method utilised strongly influences the results obtained. With the advent of PET in nuclear medicine the availability of short-lived positron emitting nuclides like 11C (t1/2 = 20 min), 13N (t1/2 = 10 min) and 150 (t1/2 = 2 min) has increased considerably, allowing the investigation of industrially important reactions by chemical labelling. Utilising the NeuroECAT in a special mode, the catalytic oxidation of carbon monoxide could be imaged in a model tubular reactor by using 11C-labelled CO, providing information about the kinetics of the individual reaction steps and interactions and about the degree of occupation of catalytically active sites. (author)

  1. The development of VR technology for nuclear industry applications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Yong Bum; Cho, Jai Wan; Lee, Nam Ho; Choi, Young Soo; Park, Soon Yong

    1998-01-01

    By searching the present condition of virtual reality technology of which researches were carried out not only abroad but also the country in nuclear power industry, we confirm the possibility of practical usage of VR in it. And as a fundamental research for applications of VR in nuclear power industry, gesture recognition for remote working and VR training system for severe working were performed. 1. A study on gesture recognition for remote working : The hand gesture recognition technology using visual signal and tactile magnetic sensor as a basic study for the introduction of task command and communication were performed. 2. A study on an construction of the virtual environment training system for the task in a severe condition: A construction of virtual reality training system for the tasks in a severe working condition was implemented. This system was intended to enhance the efficiency of actual tasks through advanced practicing the motion procedures those should be performed in a severe working condition where it is difficult to access for personnel. The motion information which is came from the sensors attached on trainers body was used for construction of the virtual environment through the computer graphic procedures. The VR training system has many merits relative to the conservative training method that was performed with mock-up which was made as the same size and shape as real component in nuclear power plant. (author). 27 refs., 21 tabs., 51 figs

  2. The development of VR technology for nuclear industry applications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    By searching the present condition of virtual reality technology of which researches were carried out not only abroad but also the country in nuclear power industry, we confirm the possibility of practical usage of VR in it. And as a fundamental research for applications of VR in nuclear power industry, gesture recognition for remote working and VR training system for severe working were performed. 1. A study on gesture recognition for remote working : The hand gesture recognition technology using visual signal and tactile magnetic sensor as a basic study for the introduction of task command and communication were performed. 2. A study on an construction of the virtual environment training system for the task in a severe condition: A construction of virtual reality training system for the tasks in a severe working condition was implemented. This system was intended to enhance the efficiency of actual tasks through advanced practicing the motion procedures those should be performed in a severe working condition where it is difficult to access for personnel. The motion information which is came from the sensors attached on trainers body was used for construction of the virtual environment through the computer graphic procedures. The VR training system has many merits relative to the conservative training method that was performed with mock-up which was made as the same size and shape as real component in nuclear power plant. (author). 27 refs., 21 tabs., 51 figs

  3. Precision engineering for optical applications: knowledge transfer into UK industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sansom, Christopher; Shore, Paul

    2009-06-01

    A means of facilitating the transfer of precision engineering knowledge and skills from academic institutions and their research partners into UK optics and optical engineering companies is described. The process involves the creation of an Integrated Knowledge Centre (IKC), a partnership led by Cranfield University with the support of the University of Cambridge, University College London, and the OpTIC technium. This paper describes the development of the three main vehicles for knowledge transfer. These are a Masters level postgraduate degree course (the Cranfield University led MSc in "Ultra Precision Technologies"), a portfolio of industrial short courses which are designed to address key skills shortages in the fields of precision engineering for optical applications, and an e-learning package in precision engineering. The main issues encountered during the development of the knowledge transfer teaching and learning packages are discussed, and the outcomes from the first year of knowledge transfer activities are described. In overall summary, the results demonstrate how the Integrated Knowledge Centre in Ultra Precision and Structured Surfaces' approach to knowledge transfer has been effective in addressing the engineering skills gap in precision optics based industries.

  4. Titanium Sheet Fabricated from Powder for Industrial Applications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Peter, William H [ORNL; Muth, Thomas R [ORNL; Chen, Wei [ORNL; Yamamoto, Yukinori [ORNL; Jolly, Brian C [ORNL; Stone, Nigel [CSIRO ICT Center, Australia; Cantin, G.M.D. [CSIRO ICT Center, Australia; Barnes, John [CSIRO ICT Center, Australia; Paliwal, Muktesh [Ametek, Inc.; Smith, Ryan [Ametek, Inc.; Capone, Joseph [Ametek, Inc.; Liby, Alan L [ORNL; Williams, James C [Ohio State University; Blue, Craig A [ORNL

    2012-01-01

    In collaboration with Ametek and Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization (CSIRO), Oak Ridge National Laboratory has evaluated three different methods for converting titanium hydride-dehydride (HDH) powder into thin gauge titanium sheet from a roll compacted preform. Methodologies include sintering, followed by cold rolling and annealing; direct hot rolling of the roll-compacted sheet; and hot rolling of multiple layers of roll compacted sheet that are encapsulated in a steel can. All three methods have demonstrated fully consolidated sheet, and each process route has the ability to produce sheet that meets ASTM B265 specifications. However, not every method currently provides sheet that can be highly formed without tearing. The degree of sintering between powder particles, post processing density, and the particle to particle boundary layer where compositional variations may exist, have a significant effect on the ability to form the sheet into useful components. Uniaxial tensile test results, compositional analysis, bend testing, and biaxial testing of the titanium sheet produced from hydride-dehydride powder will be discussed. Multiple methods of fabrication and the resulting properties can then be assessed to determine the most economical means of making components for industrial applications.

  5. Androids: application of EAP as artificial muscles to entertainment industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hanson, David F.; Pioggia, Giovanni; Bar-Cohen, Yoseph; De Rossi, Danilo

    2001-07-01

    The classic movie Metropolis (1926), which is nowadays considered a cinema milestone, has shown the possibility to build robots called androids that are science and fiction run together to realize a dream: the human-like robot. In that movie, Dr. Rotwang transforms a simple and cold calculating robot into the body of a beautiful woman. Robots have often been depicted as metal creatures with cold steel bodies, but there is no reason why metals should be the only kind of material for construction of robots. The authors examined the issues related to applying electroactive polymers materials (EAP) to the entertainment industry. EAP are offering attractive characteristics with the potential to produce more realistic models of living creatures at significantly lower cost. This paper seeks to elucidate how EAP might infiltrate and ultimately revolutionize entertainment, showing some applicative examples.

  6. Melt rheology and its applications in the plastics industry

    CERN Document Server

    Dealy, John M

    2013-01-01

    This is the second edition of Melt Rheology and its Role in Plastics Processing, although the title has changed to reflect its broadened scope. Advances in the recent years in rheometer technology and polymer science have greatly enhanced the usefulness of rheology in the plastics industry. It is now possible to design polymers having specific molecular structures and to predict the flow properties of melts having those structures. In addition, rheological properties now provide more precise information about molecular structure. This book provides all the information that is needed for the intelligent application of rheology in the development of new polymers, the determination of molecular structure and the correlation of processability with laboratory test data. Theory and equations are limited to what is essential for the use of rheology in the characterization of polymers, the development of new plastics materials and the prediction of plastics processing behavior. The emphasis is on information that wil...

  7. Current and future industrial application of electron accelerators in Thailand

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Siri-Upathum, Chyagrit [Chulalongkorn Univ., Faculty of Engineering, Bangkok (Thailand)

    2003-02-01

    Industrial applications of electron accelerators in Thailand, first introduced in 1997 for radiation sterilized products such as doctor gown, pampas, feminine napkin etc followed by installation of accelerators, one with energies at 20 MV and the other at 5 MV to produce new value added products like gem stones, topaz, tourmaline and zircon. The machines operate in pulse mode and is also used for irradiation services for food and sterilized products treatment. The need for low and medium energy accelerators in radiation technology is stressed. They are to be used for crosslinking of electrical wire and cable, heat shrinkable materials, low protein concentrated rubber latex, rubber wood furniture and parts, and silk protein degradation. The role of governmental organizations like Nuclear Research Institute (OAEP) and universities in stimulating the utilization of radiation processing in Thailand is strengthened. (S. Ohno)

  8. Androids: application of EAP as artificial muscles to entertainment industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hanson, D.; Pioggia, G.; Bar-Cohen, Yoseph; de Rossi, D.

    2001-01-01

    The classic movie Metropolis (1926), which is nowadays considered a cinema milestone, has shown the possibility to build robots called androids that are science and fiction run together to realize a dream: the human-like robot. In that movie, Dr. Rotwang transforms a simple and cold calculating robot into the body of a beautiful woman. Robots have often been depicted as metal creatures with cold steel bodies, but there is no reason why metals should be the only kind of material for construction of robots. The authors examined the issues related to applying electroactive polymers materials (EAP) to the entertainment industry. EAP are offering attractive characteristics with the potential to produce more realistic models of living creatures at significantly lower cost. This paper seeks to elucidate how EAP might infiltrate and ultimately revolutionize entertainment, showing some applicative examples.

  9. Industrial application of geothermal energy in Southeast Idaho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Batdorf, J.A.; McClain, D.W.; Gross, M.; Simmons, G.M.

    1980-02-01

    Those phosphate related and food processing industries in Southeastern Idaho are identified which require large energy inputs and the potential for direct application of geothermal energy is assessed. The total energy demand is given along with that fractional demand that can be satisfied by a geothermal source of known temperature. The potential for geothermal resource development is analyzed by examining the location of known thermal springs and wells, the location of state and federal geothermal exploration leases, and the location of federal and state oil and gas leasing activity in Southeast Idaho. Information is also presented regarding the location of geothermal, oil, and gas exploration wells in Southeast Idaho. The location of state and federal phosphate mining leases is also presented. This information is presented in table and map formats to show the proximity of exploration and development activities to current food and phosphate processing facilities and phosphate mining activities. (MHR)

  10. Current and future industrial application of electron accelerators in Thailand

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Industrial applications of electron accelerators in Thailand, first introduced in 1997 for radiation sterilized products such as doctor gown, pampas, feminine napkin etc followed by installation of accelerators, one with energies at 20 MV and the other at 5 MV to produce new value added products like gem stones, topaz, tourmaline and zircon. The machines operate in pulse mode and is also used for irradiation services for food and sterilized products treatment. The need for low and medium energy accelerators in radiation technology is stressed. They are to be used for crosslinking of electrical wire and cable, heat shrinkable materials, low protein concentrated rubber latex, rubber wood furniture and parts, and silk protein degradation. The role of governmental organizations like Nuclear Research Institute (OAEP) and universities in stimulating the utilization of radiation processing in Thailand is strengthened. (S. Ohno)

  11. Fluid-based radon mitigation technology development for industrial applications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The objective of the radon mitigation technology development effort is to develop an efficient and economical radon gas removal technology based on a fluid absorption process. The technology must be capable of cleaning up a wide range of radon gas stream concentrations to a level that meets EPA gas emission standards for residential and industrial applications. Argonne has recently identified a phenomenon that offers the possibility of radon recovery from the atmosphere with high efficiency at room temperature, and radon release at slightly elevated temperatures (50-60 degrees C.) such a device would offer numerous substantial advantages over conventional cryogenic charcoal systems for the removal of radon. Controlled sources of radon in Argonne's radon research facility are being used to quantitatively assess the performance of a selected class of absorbing fluids over a range of radon concentrations. This paper will discuss the design of laboratory- and engineering-scale radon absorption units and present some preliminary experimental test results

  12. Radioisotope applications for troubleshooting and optimizing industrial processes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Though radioisotope technology is applicable across a broad industrial spectrum, the petroleum and petrochemical industries and the mineral processing and wastewater treatment sectors are identified as the most appropriate target beneficiaries of radioisotope applications. Radioisotope technology is of proven benefit in optimizing mineral resource recovery. Radiotracers are tools of choice for efficiency testing of wastewater treatment installations, aiding in both their design and their performance optimization. Radioisotope technology is used to diagnose specific causes of inefficiency in plants or process operations. In very many cases the benefit is derived in the form of savings associated with plant shutdown minimization and loss prevention. Radioisotope measurements provide information that facilitates improvements in either the throughput or the product quality. Radiotracer and sealed source technology in the petrochemical industry: Radiotracers and radioisotope sealed sources are commonly applied to the solution of problems in petrochemical plants and oil refineries. Gamma scanning technique for troubleshooting inspection of columns: To carry out an internal inspection of any process equipment without interrupting production, γ scanning is the best technique. A collimated beam of penetrating γ rays (60Co or 137Cs) passing through a vessel, column or pipe is recorded by a NaI probe. Without affecting the processing unit, this reliable and accurate technique can be used to determine the liquid level on trays, as well as the presence or absence of internals, such as trays, demister pads, packing and distributors, and other anomalies. Radiotracers in oilfield production: The enhancement of oil production through the investigation of secondary recovery processes by radiotracers is estimated at 10-15% of the residual oil for each oilfield, which in terms of economic benefit means several million dollars per year. Radiotracers for testing the efficiency of

  13. PBAT based nanocomposites for medical and industrial applications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Poly(butylene adipate-co-terephthalate) (PBAT) based nanocomposites were prepared by melt blending PBAT with 5 and 10 wt.% of clay nanoparticles (unmodified and modified montmorillonites, unmodified and modified fluoro-hectorites, and unmodified sepiolites). All nanocomposites showed a good level of clay distribution and dispersion into PBAT, especially nanocomposites with high clay chemical affinity with the polymer matrix. DSC results showed that addition of layered silicates slightly hindered kinetics and extent of crystallization of PBAT; however, sepiolite particles were able to promote polymer crystallization kinetics and the transformation of the PBAT crystal structure to a more ordered form. Similar increases in the thermal stability of PBAT in nitrogen and air were obtained upon addition of all clays, due to a barrier effect of the clays toward polymer decomposition product ablation. Preliminary biocompatibility tests indicated that PBAT based materials with 10% clay content have good biological safety and display almost no cytotoxicity. The addition of all nanofillers increased the hardness of PBAT matrix. The DMA analysis showed that all nanocomposites presented higher E′ values than neat PBAT, indicating that addition of clays improved the mechanical properties of PBAT. For layered silicate nanocomposites, the main influencing factors on the thermo-mechanical properties appeared to be the aspect ratio and dispersion of clay nanoplatelets, rather than polymer/clay chemical affinity. The highest E′ values of sepiolite based nanocomposites make this nanoparticle the most attractive material for tissue engineering and environmental industrial applications. Highlights: ► PBAT nanocomposites with high thermo-mechanical properties were obtained. ► The effects of clay presence on PBAT crystalline structure were elucidated. ► The presence of the clays used in PBAT showed good biological safety. ► Sepiolites brought the higher improvements in PBAT

  14. Radiation Processing of Natural Polymers for Industrial Applications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Radiation induced degradation technology is a new and promising application of ionizing radiation to develop viscose, pulp, paper, food preservation, pharmaceutical production, and natural bioactive agents industries. Controlling the degree of degradation, uniform molecular weight distribution, saving achieved in the chemicals (used in conventional methods) on a cost basis, and environmentally friendly process are the beneficial effects of using radiation technology in these industries. However, for some development countries such technology is not economic. Therefore, a great effort should be done to reduce the cost required for such technologies. One of the principle factors for reducing the cost is achieving the degradation at low irradiation doses. The addition of some additives such as potassium per-sulfate (KPS), ammonium per-sulfate (APS), or H2O2 to natural polymers (carboxy-methylcellulose (CMC), chitosan, carrageenan and Na-alginate) during irradiation process accelerates their degradation. The highest degradation rate of polysaccharides obtained when APS was used. The end product of irradiated CMC, chitosan, carrageenan and Na-alginate may be used as food additive or benefited in agricultural purposes. On the other hand, radiation crosslinking of PAAm or PNIPAAm is affected by the presence of natural polymer like CMC-Na and carrageenan due to their degradability which could be controlled according to its concentration in the bulk medium and irradiation dose. Accordingly, the gel content, thermo-sensitivity (LCST) and swelling properties of PNIPAAm based natural polymers could be controlled. The swelling of the prepared copolymer hydrogels was investigated for its possible use in personal care articles particularly diapers or as carriers for drug delivery systems. The prepared crosslinked copolymers possessed high and fast swelling properties in simulated urine media and the swelling ratios of CMC-Na /PAAm gels in urine are acceptable for diaper

  15. Radiation processing of natural polymers for industrial and agricultural applications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Radiation induced degradation technology is a new and promising application of ionizing radiation to develop viscose, pulp, paper, food preservation, pharmaceutical production, and natural bioactive agents industries. Controlling the degree of degradation, uniform molecular weight distribution, saving achieved in the chemicals (used in conventional methods) on a cost basis, and environmentally friendly process are the beneficial effects of using radiation technology in these industries. However, for some development countries such technology is not economic. Therefore, a great efforts should be done to reduce the cost required for such technologies. One of the principle factors for reducing the cost is achieving the degradation at low irradiation doses. The addition of some additives such as potassium per-sulfate (KPS), ammonium per-sulfate (APS), or H2O2 to natural polymers (carboxymethylcellulose (CMC), chitosan, carrageenan and Na-alginate) during irradiation process accelerates their degradation. The highest degradation rate of polysaccharides obtained when APS was used. The end product of irradiated CMC, chitosan, carrageenan and Na-alginate may be used as food additive or benefited in agricultural purposes. On the other hand, radiation crosslinking of PAAm or PNIPAAm is affected by the presence of natural polymer like CMC-Na and carrageenan due to their degradability which could be controlled according to its concentration in the bulk medium and irradiation dose. Accordingly, the gel content, thermo-sensitivity (LCST) and swelling properties of PNIPAAm based natural polymers could be controlled. The swelling of the prepared copolymer hydrogels was investigated for its possible use in personal care articles particularly diapers or as carriers for drug delivery systems. The prepared crosslinked copolymers possessed high and fast swelling properties in simulated urine media and the swelling ratios of CMC-Na/PAAm gels in urine are acceptable for diaper

  16. Radiation protection in category III large gamma irradiators; Radioprotecao em irradiadores de grande porte de categoria III

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Costa, Neivaldo; Furlan, Gilberto Ribeiro, E-mail: neivaldo@cena.usp.b, E-mail: gilfurlan@cena.usp.b [Centro de Energia Nuclear na Agricultura (CENA/USP), Piracicaba, SP (Brazil); Itepan, Natanael Marcio, E-mail: natanael.itepan@unianhanguera.edu.b [Universidade Anhanguera, Goiania, GO (Brazil)

    2011-07-01

    This article discusses the advantages of category III large gamma irradiator compared to the others, with emphasis on aspects of radiological protection, in the industrial sector. This category is a kind of irradiators almost unknown to the regulators authorities and the industrial community, despite its simple construction and greater radiation safety intrinsic to the model, able to maintain an efficiency of productivity comparable to those of category IV. Worldwide, there are installed more than 200 category IV irradiators and there is none of a category III irradiator in operation. In a category III gamma irradiator, the source remains fixed in the bottom of the tank, always shielded by water, negating the exposition risk. Taking into account the benefits in relation to radiation safety, the category III large irradiators are highly recommended for industrial, commercial purposes or scientific research. (author)

  17. Energy Efficiency in Industrial Areas: Application of Best Practices for Energy Efficiency In Mediterranean Industrial Areas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria-Anna Segreto

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available The results presented in this paper originate from an EU research project that is near toits completion. The goal was to build a model that can be applied to all industrial sites inthe Mediterranean area. The approach followed to achieve the objectives was to study allthe new technologies and systems that, if applied globally, can make the whole areasustainable both energetically and environmentally. The application of the model allowsthe design and implementation of self-sufficient green areas in terms of energy which alsobrings to the reduction of the emissions into the atmosphere. An aim of the project wasalso to identify possible sources of funding or incentives. The main beneficiaries of theresults are SMEs that through a more responsible approach to the environment could getgreater market competitiveness and reduce energy costs of their enterprises. Otherbeneficiaries are the people who obtain advantages from a clearer and less pollutedsurrounding environment.The paper presents the results obtained from the application of the model in some pilotcases.

  18. Characterising freeze in the UK: applications for the insurance industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raven, E. K.; Keef, C.; Busby, K.

    2012-04-01

    The UK winters of 2009-2010 and 2010-2011 were characterised by prolonged and widespread low temperatures. This was challenging for the UK insurance industry and organisations such as the emergency services, the Highways Agency and British Gas who had to manage the extra demands that resulted. In the 6-day period running to Christmas Eve 2010, British Gas reported 100,000 boiler repair call-outs, whilst those 190,000 homes and businesses left with frozen and subsequently burst pipes contributed to the ABI's estimated £ 900 million in insured losses for December 2010 alone; the highest payout by the industry for damages associated with cold weather. Unfortunately, the severity of these winters made the difference between profit and loss for some primary UK insurance companies. To enable better pricing of premiums in the future, insurance companies are looking to understand the potential risk from cold waves at a local, postcode-level, whilst reinsurance firms seek to determine the accumulated loss across the UK associated with spatially coherent events. Other industry sectors also strive to improve their understanding of weather extremes for planning and management. Underpinning this is the need to statistically characterise the physical hazard. Aimed primarily at the re/insurance industry, we have applied an established methodology for developing statistical event sets and applied this to generate a UK freeze event set. An event set provides a stochastic set of several thousand events over 10's of 1000's of years and is typically applied within probabilistic catastrophe models. Our method applies extreme value theory and dependence modelling to explain low-temperature relationships across the UK and over time using historical records. The resulting event set represents the spatial and temporal dependence of cold waves in the UK and is modelled against household factors that increase the vulnerability to freezing conditions, such as property type, age and condition

  19. Anomaly Detection Based on Sensor Data in Petroleum Industry Applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Martí

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Anomaly detection is the problem of finding patterns in data that do not conform to an a priori expected behavior. This is related to the problem in which some samples are distant, in terms of a given metric, from the rest of the dataset, where these anomalous samples are indicated as outliers. Anomaly detection has recently attracted the attention of the research community, because of its relevance in real-world applications, like intrusion detection, fraud detection, fault detection and system health monitoring, among many others. Anomalies themselves can have a positive or negative nature, depending on their context and interpretation. However, in either case, it is important for decision makers to be able to detect them in order to take appropriate actions. The petroleum industry is one of the application contexts where these problems are present. The correct detection of such types of unusual information empowers the decision maker with the capacity to act on the system in order to correctly avoid, correct or react to the situations associated with them. In that application context, heavy extraction machines for pumping and generation operations, like turbomachines, are intensively monitored by hundreds of sensors each that send measurements with a high frequency for damage prevention. In this paper, we propose a combination of yet another segmentation algorithm (YASA, a novel fast and high quality segmentation algorithm, with a one-class support vector machine approach for efficient anomaly detection in turbomachines. The proposal is meant for dealing with the aforementioned task and to cope with the lack of labeled training data. As a result, we perform a series of empirical studies comparing our approach to other methods applied to benchmark problems and a real-life application related to oil platform turbomachinery anomaly detection.

  20. Selected developments and applications of Leontief models in industrial ecology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    extended for this study through the application of multi-objective optimization techniques and is used to explore efficient trade offs between reducing CO2 emissions and increasing global factor costs. Concluding Remarks: It has been the scope of this work to contribute to map the interdisciplinary landscape between input-output analysis and industrial ecology. The three first papers enters this landscape from the Industrial Ecology side, more specifically form the Life Cycle Assessment platform and the two latter from the input-output paradigm. The fundamental learning obtained is that the linear section of this landscape is described by Leontief models. Both Life Cycle Assessment, Mass Flow Analysis and Substance Flow Analysis etc. can be represented on the mathematical form proposed by Leontief. The input output framework offers a well- developed set of methodologies that can bridge the various sub-fields of industrial ecology addressing question related to inter-process flows. It seems that an acknowledgement of Leontief models as the base framework for the family of linear models in industrial ecology would be beneficial. Following the acknowledgement of Leontief's work comes that of Dantzig and the development of linear programming. In investigating alternative arrangements of production and combinations of technologies to produce a given good, the common practice in LCA has been total enumeration of all scenarios. This might be feasible, and for that sake desirable, for a limited amount combinations. However as the complexity and number of alternatives increases this will not be feasible. Dantzig invented Linear programming to address exactly this type of problem. The scientific foundation provided by Leontief and Dantzig has been crucial to the work in this thesis. It is my belief that the impact to industrial ecology of their legacy will increase further in the years to come. (Author)

  1. Application of microbial α-amylase in industry – A review

    OpenAIRE

    Paula Monteiro de Souza; Pérola de Oliveira e Magalhães

    2010-01-01

    Amylases are one of the main enzymes used in industry. Such enzymes hydrolyze the starch molecules into polymers composed of glucose units. Amylases have potential application in a wide number of industrial processes such as food, fermentation and pharmaceutical industries. α-Amylases can be obtained from plants, animals and microorganisms. However, enzymes from fungal and bacterial sources have dominated applications in industrial sectors. The production of α-amylase is essential f...

  2. Low voltage, hermetically sealed electron beam accelerator for industrial applications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Three types of hermetically sealed, low voltage electron beam accelerators and novel solid state power supply/control systems have been developed by Advanced Electron Beams. These accelerators produce uniform, unscanned electron beams through the unique management of the thermionic emitter profile and vacuum body shape. The power density of the accelerators range from 0.02 to 0.2 kW per square centimetre with accelerating voltages ranging from 60 to 150 kV and extracted electron currents of 1 to 30 mA. A wide variety of in-process-line industrial applications have been implemented and continue to be developed for these accelerators including: curing of high density and/or high opacity thin films; cross-linking or chain scission of thermoplastic films; pre-fill disinfestation of food and beverage packaging; sterilization of medical devices and pharmaceutical container surfaces; and the active treatment of air streams for pollution abatement and bioburden remediation. This paper will describe the design of the three emitters and the methods of application implementation. (author)

  3. Application of Core Theory to the Airline Industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raghavan, Sunder

    2003-01-01

    Competition in the airline industry has been fierce since the industry was deregulated in 1978. The proponents of deregulation believed that more competition would improve efficiency and reduce prices and bring overall benefits to the consumer. In this paper, a case is made based on core theory that under certain demand and cost conditions more competition can actually lead to harmful consequences for industries like the airline industry or cause an empty core problem. Practices like monopolies, cartels, price discrimination, which is considered inefficient allocation of resources in many other industries, can actually be beneficial in the case of the airline industry in bringing about an efficient equilibrium.

  4. Industrial applications and current trends in supercritical fluid technologies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gamse Thomas

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Supercritical fluids have a great potential for wide fields of processes Although CO2 is still one of the most used supercritical gases, for special purposes propane or even fluorinated-chlorinated fluids have also been tested. The specific characteristics of supercritical fluids behaviour were analyzed such as for example the solubilities of different components and the phase equilibria between the solute and solvent. The application at industrial scale (decaffeinating of tea and coffee, hop extraction or removal of pesticides from rice, activity in supercritical extraction producing total extract from the raw material or different fractions by using the fractionated separation of beverages (rum, cognac, whisky, wine, beer cider, of citrus oils and of lipids (fish oils, tall oil were also discussed. The main interest is still for the extraction of natural raw materials producing food ingredients, nutraceuticals and phytopharmaceuticals but also cleaning purposes were tested such as the decontamination of soils the removal of residual solvents from pharmaceutical products, the extraction of flame retardants from electronic waste or precision degreasing and cleaning of mechanical and electronic parts. An increasing interest obviously exists for impregnation purposes based on supercritical fluids behaviour, as well as for the dying of fibres and textiles. The production of fine particles in the micron and submicron range, mainly for pharmaceutical products is another important application of supercritical fluids. Completely new products can be produced which is not possible under normal conditions. Supercritical fluid technology has always had to compete with the widespread opinion that these processes are very expensive due to very high investment costs in comparison with classical low-pressure equipment. Thus the opinion is that these processes should be restricted to high-added value products. A cost estimation for different plant sizes and

  5. Discovery and industrial applications of lytic polysaccharide mono-oxygenases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johansen, Katja S

    2016-02-15

    The recent discovery of copper-dependent lytic polysaccharide mono-oxygenases (LPMOs) has opened up a vast area of research covering several fields of application. The biotech company Novozymes A/S holds patents on the use of these enzymes for the conversion of steam-pre-treated plant residues such as straw to free sugars. These patents predate the correct classification of LPMOs and the striking synergistic effect of fungal LPMOs when combined with canonical cellulases was discovered when fractions of fungal secretomes were evaluated in industrially relevant enzyme performance assays. Today, LPMOs are a central component in the Cellic CTec enzyme products which are used in several large-scale plants for the industrial production of lignocellulosic ethanol. LPMOs are characterized by an N-terminal histidine residue which, together with an internal histidine and a tyrosine residue, co-ordinates a single copper atom in a so-called histidine brace. The mechanism by which oxygen binds to the reduced copper atom has been reported and the general mechanism of copper-oxygen-mediated activation of carbon is being investigated in the light of these discoveries. LPMOs are widespread in both the fungal and the bacterial kingdoms, although the range of action of these enzymes remains to be elucidated. However, based on the high abundance of LPMOs expressed by microbes involved in the decomposition of organic matter, the importance of LPMOs in the natural carbon-cycle is predicted to be significant. In addition, it has been suggested that LPMOs play a role in the pathology of infectious diseases such as cholera and to thus be relevant in the field of medicine. PMID:26862199

  6. Recycled Water Reuse Permit Renewal Application for the Materials and Fuels Complex Industrial Waste Ditch and Industrial Waste Pond

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    No Name

    2014-10-01

    ABSTRACT This renewal application for the Industrial Wastewater Reuse Permit (IWRP) WRU-I-0160-01 at Idaho National Laboratory (INL), Materials and Fuels Complex (MFC) Industrial Waste Ditch (IWD) and Industrial Waste Pond (IWP) is being submitted to the State of Idaho, Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ). This application has been prepared in compliance with the requirements in IDAPA 58.01.17, Recycled Water Rules. Information in this application is consistent with the IDAPA 58.01.17 rules, pre-application meeting, and the Guidance for Reclamation and Reuse of Municipal and Industrial Wastewater (September 2007). This application is being submitted using much of the same information contained in the initial permit application, submitted in 2007, and modification, in 2012. There have been no significant changes to the information and operations covered in the existing IWRP. Summary of the monitoring results and operation activity that has occurred since the issuance of the WRP has been included. MFC has operated the IWP and IWD as regulated wastewater land treatment facilities in compliance with the IDAPA 58.01.17 regulations and the IWRP. Industrial wastewater, consisting primarily of continuous discharges of nonhazardous, nonradioactive, routinely discharged noncontact cooling water and steam condensate, periodic discharges of industrial wastewater from the MFC facility process holdup tanks, and precipitation runoff, are discharged to the IWP and IWD system from various MFC facilities. Wastewater goes to the IWP and IWD with a permitted annual flow of up to 17 million gallons/year. All requirements of the IWRP are being met. The Operations and Maintenance Manual for the Industrial Wastewater System will be updated to include any new requirements.

  7. Process Integration Design Methods for Water Conservation and Wastewater Reduction in Industry. Part 3: Experience of Industrial Application

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wenzel, Henrik; Dunn, Russell; Gottrup, Lene;

    2002-01-01

    This paper is Part 3 in a three part series of papers addressing operational techniques for applying mass integration principles to design in industry with special focus on water conservation and wastewater reduction. The presented techniques derive from merging US and Danish experience with...... industrial applications of process integration, as a result of a recently established co-operation between the US companies Solutia Inc., Cleaner Process Technologies Inc., and McSwain Engineering Inc. and the Technical University of Denmark. Parts 1 and 2 covered design techniques for any number of...... experience comprises application in small-scale batch productions in textile dyeing and laundering as well as large scale continuous productions in chemical industry, and it is documented that the methods are robust and independent of the volume and continuity/discontinuity of the production. Industry...

  8. On the potential and economic feasibility of solar industrial process-heat applications in selected Turkish industries

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We discuss the potential and economic feasibility of solar, industrial process-heat applications in the Turkish food, textile and chemical industries. The study covers 18 sites and end-use temperatures up to 120 and 150oC. A solar system composed of parabolic troughs without thermal storage is chosen. The system size investigated is 500 to 20,000m2. (author)

  9. Intra-industry adjustment to import competition : theory and application to the German clothing industry

    OpenAIRE

    Raff, Horst; Wagner, Joachim

    2009-01-01

    This paper uses an oligopoly model with heterogeneous firms to examine how an industry adjusts to rising import competition. The model predicts that in the short run the least efficient firms in the industry become inactive, surviving firms face a fall in output, mark-ups and profits, and the average productivity of survivors increases. These pro-competitive effects of import penetration on the domestic industry disappear in the long run. The predictions for the short run are confirmed in an ...

  10. Energy analysis of 108 industrial processes. Phase 1, industrial applications study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hamel, B. B.; Brown, H. L.

    1979-06-01

    Extensive data are compiled for energy balances in 108 industrial processes. Specific information on unit operation, material, temperature, unrecoverable losses, along with the process flow diagram is given for each of the industries. The following industries are included: meak packing; milk; canned fruits and vegetables; baked goods; sugar refining; soybean; textiles; wood products; building materials; alkalies and chlorine; inorganic gases; pigments, chemicals; plastic materials and resins; synthetic rubbers; organic fibers; pharmaceutical preparations; organic chemicals; petroleum products; fertilizers; rubber products; glass; blast furnaces and steel mills; metals; farm machinery; motor vehicles; and photographic materials. The SIC's for each industry are identified.

  11. Application of Specific Features of Industrial Products when Forming and Developing Brands of Industrial Enterprises

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yatsentiuk Stanislav V.

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The article analyses and structures approaches and principles of formulation of industrial products. It offers classification of goods and markets of industrial products by their characteristics and participants. It identifies main participants that make decisions at B2C and B2B markets and characterises their specific features and motivation when making decisions on purchase of products of industrial enterprises. It studies and analyses indicators of development of domestic markets of consumer goods and market of industrial products and dynamics of development of their relation in retrospective view.

  12. Development of laser application technologies for nuclear industry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The stable laser isotope facility will supply raw stable isotope material to produce radioisotope elements for medical and industrial applications. The medical stable isotope, Tl-203 was separated by the isotope selective optical pumping (ISOP) method native to the laboratory for quantum optics, KAERI. The extraction rate of 10 mg/hr was achieved from the separation chamber of 80cm x 80cm x 100cm dimension. The Yb-168 separation facility was improved in stability, durability, and efficiency. The old copper vapor pumping laser system was replaced with two 40W green DPSSL's. The tunable dye laser system was also improved in stability. The extraction rate was measured as 1.5 mg/hr in the improved system. The 200W infrared DPSSL system was also developed and used for photoionization of thallium isotopes. The adaptive optics and beam path control system was applied to the isotope separation facilities. Also the beam quality of the lasers was monitored and improved. To maintain constant isotope composition during reaction process, the wavelengths of tunable lasers are locked by being the mass composition information fed back into the oscillator control unit of the lasers. To optimize isotope separation process timely, the extractor surface is directly analyzed by laser irradiation and TOF mass spectrometer. And the final products in high purity is recovered in maximum by solution chemistry

  13. Data mining application in industrial energy audit for lighting

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Maricar, N.M.; Kim, G.C.; Jamal, N. [Kolej Univ., Melaka (Malaysia). Faculty of Electrical Engineering

    2005-07-01

    A data mining application for lighting energy audits at industrial sites was presented. Data collection was based on the parameters needed for the analysis part of the audit. Data collection included the activity for which the room was used; its dimension; light level readings in lux; the number of luminaries; the number of lamps per luminaries; lamp fixtures; and lamp wattage. The lumen method was used to calculate the recommended numbers of luminaries in the room. The number was then compared with the existing system's luminaries. The installed load efficacy ratio (ILER) was then used to determine proper retrofit action to maximize energy usage. The difference between the calculated lux and the standard lux was used to create data subsets. A data mining algorithm was used to determine that the ILER plays an important role in calculating the efficiency of lighting systems. It was also concluded that the method can be used to minimize the time needed to analyze large amounts of lighting data. The results of case studies were also used to show that the combined data mining algorithm provided accurate assessments using existing calculated data. 7 refs., 8 tabs., 5 figs.

  14. Magnetic pulse welding on the cutting edge of industrial applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. M. Miranda

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Magnetic Pulse Welding (MPW applies the electromagnetic principles postulated in the XIXth century and later demonstrated. In recent years the process has been developed to meet highly demanding market needs involving dissimilar material joining, specially involving difficult-to-weld materials. It is a very high speed joining process that uses an electromagnetic force to accelerate one material against the other, resulting in a solid state weld with no external heat source and no thermal distortions. A high power source, the capacitor, a discharge switch and a coil constitute the minimum equipment necessary for this process. A high intensity current flowing through a coil near an electrically conductive material, locally produce an intense magnetic field that generates eddy currents in the flyer according to Lenz law. The induced electromotive force gives rise to a current whose magnetic field opposes the original change in magnetic flux. The effect of this secondary current moving in the primary magnetic field is the generation of a Lorentz force, which accelerates the flyer at a very high speed. If a piece of material is placed in the trajectory of the flyer, the impact will produce an atomic bond in a solid state weld. This paper discusses the fundamentals of the process in terms of phenomenology and analytical modeling and numerical simulation. Recent industrial applications are presented in terms of materials, joint configurations and real examples as well as advantages and disadvantages of the process.

  15. Supercritical fluid extraction: Application in the food industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Skala Dejan U.

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Supercritical fluid extraction is an extraction process realized with supercritical fluids, which are at a temperature and pressure above their critical temperature and critical pressure. This process has shown to be very efficient one for the isolation of different substances of medium molecular weights and molecules of relatively low polarity. The solubility of more polar substances in supercritical fluids can be improved by the addition of small amounts of other polar solvents (cosolvent to the supercritical fluids, which is the main solvent in extraction process. The advantage of supercritical extraction compared to other extraction procedures (the application of classical organic solvents hydrodistillation, distillation with steam is that SFE is usually performed at moderate temperature (e.g. with SF CO2 at 40-70°C so it can be applied for the separation of different substances which are thermally unstable and have a larger vapour pressure. All of these facts indicate that SFE is of special interest for the food and pharmaceutical industry.

  16. The application of XRD in the pharmaceutical industry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: The crystal and molecular structure analysis provides the greatest understanding of drug substances and their structure - activity relationship. Although, the single - crystal X - ray diffraction yields the largest amount of structural information, it is hard to obtain suitable single crystals and often even quite impossible. In fact, most drug substances are obtained as crystalline powders. In addition, it is worth to mention that all bulk pharmaceutical chemicals are in solid state in the final form and must be stable for some time, while approximately 80% of pharmaceutical products are in solid form (tablets, capsules and granules). The presentation will cover an in-depth overview of wide range of X - ray powder diffraction applications in pharmaceutical industrial processes namely: identification and quantification of compounds and polymorphs in active substances and impurities, screening of sensitive compounds, in - situ aging studies under temperature and humidity conditions, micro studies of small sample amounts, crystallographic and structure studies and fast automated sample analysis. X - ray diffraction is today the key technique for solid state drug analysis in all stages of drug discovery (R and D) and development (DD), as well as in quality control (QC). Copyright (2002) Australian X-ray Analytical Association Inc

  17. BIOMASS AS A RENEWABLE SOURCE OF CHEMICALS FOR INDUSTRIAL APPLICATIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmed, M. Murtala

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Worldwide demand for cleaner burning fuels and ‘clean’ chemicals has been increasing from the global issues of environmental concern. This lead to a greater utilization of renewable resources to replace the old and existing fossil based feedstock for liquid fuels and chemicals. The ability to re-grow harvested biomass and recapture the carbon emitted to the atmosphere through photosynthesis allows the possibility of carbon neutrality encouraged the use of biomass. Moreso, the unstable rise of oil prices, the negative effects of petroleum on the environment and the advantages of biomass towards sustainability of resources accelerated the development and utilization of unused biomass. This paper reviewed some of the potentials of biomass as a source of chemicals for industrial applications. Pyrolysis is considered to be one of the most employed technologies for the conversion of biomass into bio-oil, char and gases. The utilization of biomass for chemical manufacture can significantly eliminate the harmful effects of fossil based chemicals on the environment.

  18. Industrial applications of radioisotopes: techniques and procedures of (NTIS) Nuclear Techniques Industrial Service

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Radioisotope handling procedures followed by personnel of the Nuclear Techniques Industrial Service (NTIS) during the conduction of investigations in industry are described. Possible radiological implications as a result of the various measuring techniques and different types of plants are discussed. Conditions under which permanent authorization has been granted for the use of radioisotopes are mentioned

  19. Extending Nuclear Technology Applications to Heavy Industry-Sharing BTI Years of Experience

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In his speech, the presenter outlined several topics regarding the establishment of Industrial Technology Division since 1980 until 2012. The first topic was to relate the justification or reasonable of establishing this division with the national condition at 1980s. The need to explore nuclear technology on industrial application like nondestructive testing (NDT) and plant assessment were attract the Malaysian Nuclear Agency to do research in that fields. The establishment of division to do that research were responsible to Industrial Technology Division. Until now, this division succeed in doing research regarding industrial application and transferred it to industrial players along the nation and also international level. (author)

  20. Power Measurement and Data Logger with High-Resolution for Industrial DC-Grid Application

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Apse-Apsitis Peteris

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Power and energy measurement and monitoring is a key factor for many industries in terms of energy and cost efficiency evaluation. Due to trends of Smart Grid concept application in industrial environment, including decentralized DC-Grid implementation, for precise evaluation – faster and low-cost measurement equipment is needed. Manufacturing industry widely uses industrial robots that have dynamic load characteristics for which faster measurement equipment is needed.

  1. Advanced CFD and radiotracer techniques - a complementary technology - for industrial multiphase applications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper gives an overview of the advances in development and use of computational fluid dynamics (CFD) models and codes for industrial, particularly multiphase processing applications. Experimental needs for validation and improvement of CFD models and soft wares are highlighted. Integration of advanced CFD modelling with radioisotopes or tracer techniques as a complementary technology for future research and industrial applications is discussed. (author)

  2. Industrial and commercial applications for a Triga reactor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Physics and Radioisotope Services Group of ICI operates a Triga Reactor in support of a commercial, Industrial Radioisotope Technology Service. The technical and commercial development of this business is discussed in the context of operating a Triga Reactor in an Industrial Environment. (author)

  3. A novel TLA application in industrial plant protection

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    During 1995 and 1996, there were significant eruptions from Mr. Ruapehu, a 2797 metre high volcano in the centre of the North Island of New Zealand. The surrounding countryside received a liberal coating of volcanic ash. Ruapehu is only one of several volcanoes in this area which is known as the Volcanic Plateau. The Plateau also contains the headwaters of an extensive hydroelectricity scheme involving I I power stations. The first of these is Rangipo, representing 2% of the national generating capacity. It had to be shut down for safety reasons because ash washed into the feedwater was found to be grinding through 3 mm of stainless steel within the turbines each week. The ash is two times harder than the stainless steel. Although the damage was repaired, using hardened materials, there is continuing concern as it was estimated that it would take more than 5 years to completely wash out the abrasive ash from the headwaters. We were asked to devise a warning system which could alert the station operators to the presence of ash in the intake water of the Rangipo station. Turbidity measurements were first tried, and found to be ineffective. We then turned to the technique known as Thin Layer Activation (TLA) which we have used for many years to monitor corrosion and erosion in industrial plant. Appropriate choice of particle and energy can ensure that some of the reaction products are both long-lived and decay by high energy gamma ray emission. With a known depth profile of embedded radioactivity, it is easy to calculate the loss of surface material from the corresponding decline in gamma ray activity. This can be monitored through several centimetres of steel. In the Rangipo application, a jet of the intake water is directed onto an TLA disc made of the same metal as the turbine blades. The gamma ray activity is continuously monitored from the outside of the pressure vessel containing the disc

  4. Alkaloids in the pharmaceutical industry: Structure, isolation and application

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nikolić Milan

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available By the end of the 18th and the beginning of the 19th century a new era began in medicine, pharmaceutics and chemistry that was strongly connected with alkaloids and alkaloid drugs. Even before that it was known that certain drugs administered in limited doses were medicines, and toxic if taken in larger doses (opium, coke leaves, belladonna roots, monkshood tubers crocus or hemlock seeds. However, the identification, isolation and structural characterization of the active ingredients of the alkaloid drugs was only possible in the mid 20th century by the use of modern extraction equipment and instrumental methods (NMR, X-ray diffraction and others.In spite of continuing use over a long time, there is still great interest in investigating new drugs, potential raw materials for the pharmaceutical industry, as well as the more detailed investigation and definition of bio-active components and the indication of their activity range, and the partial synthesis of new alkaloid molecules based on natural alkaloids. The scope of these investigations, especially in the field of semi-synthesis is to make better use of the bio-active ingredients of alkaloid drugs, i.e. to improve the pharmacological effect (stronger and prolonged effect of the medicine, decreased toxicity and side effects, or to extend or change the applications. A combined classification of alkaloids was used, based on the chemical structure and origin, i.e. the source of their isolation to study alkaloid structure. For practical reasons, the following classification of alkaloids was used: ergot alkaloids, poppy alkaloids, tropanic alkaloids purine derivative alkaloids, carbon-cyclic alkaloids, and other alkaloids. The second part of this report presents a table of general procedures for alkaloid isolation from plant drugs (extraction by water non-miscible solvents, extraction by water-miscible solvents and extraction by diluted acid solutions. Also, methods for obtaining chelidonine and

  5. Use of radiological evaluation system from the Instituto de Radioprotecao e Dosimetria in the analysis of recent radiation accidents

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The response to an emergency situation involving ionizing radiation requires the joint participation of professionals from various kind of knowledge, belonging to public and private organizations (in the local, state and federal levels). The theme radiation tends to be an additional challenging factor - considering that it's, usually, remembered for its macabre and ominous aspect, in spite of the benefits provided by it - which makes the implementation of actions to protect the public, emergency professionals, the environment and property, very difficult. To this, we can add the complicating factor that, in most cases, the technician (holder of basic or advanced on the subject) is far !Tom the place where this action unfolds. The accident/incident takes the form of a radioactive source (sometimes orphaned, one that gone astray or even stolen) that is found by a person unaware of the risks to which they are being exposed or, let not forget about it, the non-observance of safety standards in industries and workplaces, by their own operators. Thus, before integrating emergency response plans with conventional plans specific to the prompt response to radiological emergencies, it is necessary that some measures had been anticipated and that some actions had, already, been planned - with the intention of mitigate health, psychological and economical damage, in ali of kind. To do this, since in the course of the second decade of the second millennium, and since you own a portable personal computer (Note or Netbook), or even with a mobile device (cellular) with a bit more resources, both of them previously updated, a responder (or even a qualified technician that is next to that fact) may already guide, at least, about a safety distances !Tom the source. Since he had knowledge about some characteristics of the source (its individual data), he can plan ahead about the possible serious situation that unfolds itself and emergency responders will find, when it get to the site

  6. Industrialization

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This chapter discusses the role-plays by nuclear technology to enhance productivity in industry. Some of the techniques, Non-Destructive Testing (NDT) - x, gamma, electron and neutron radiography, nuclear gauges, materials characterization are discussed thoroughly

  7. Radiological protection procedures for industrial applications of computed radiography

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Due to its very particular characteristics, industrial radiography is responsible for roughly half of the relevant accidents in nuclear industry, in developed as well as in developing countries, according to the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). Thus, safety and radiological protection in industrial gamma radiography have been receiving especial treatment by regulatory authorities of most Member States. The main objective of the present work was to evaluate, from the radioprotection point of view, the main advantages of computed radiography (CR) for filmless industrial radiography. In order to accomplish this, both techniques, i.e. conventional and filmless computed radiography were evaluated and compared through practical studies. After the studies performed at the present work it was concluded that computed radiography significantly reduces the inherent doses, reflecting in smaller restricted areas and costs, with consequent improvement in radiological protection and safety. (author)

  8. Application of Materials Science in Australian Mining Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xing Sheng Li

    2000-01-01

    @@ 1. Introduction Australia is a huge country and one of the largest producers of mineral in the world. Mining is an important industry in Australia. More than 40 percent of Australia's total exports are mineral products.

  9. Application of RCM to a medium scale industry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The factors which are assuming considerable importance in cost effective decision making of operation of any industrial enterprise are in the order of significance liability, safety and environmental conditions. Hence, preventive maintenance (PM) optimisation is providing wide opportunities and challenges to everyone involved in all aspects of operation of industrial enterprise. Reliability centred maintenance (RCM) methodology offers the best available strategy for PM optimisation. It incorporates a new understanding of the ways in which equipment fails. In this paper, the concept of RCM has been applied to steel melting shop of a medium scale steel industry. By systematically applying the RCM methodology, failures, failure causes and effects on the system are analysed. To preserve the system function, PM categories are suggested for various failure modes in the components such as (1) time directed (2) condition directed (3) failure finding (4) run to failure. Features of predictive maintenance of a medium scale steel industry are deduced through this paper in a rather generalised form

  10. Occupational exposures in industrial application of radiation during 1999-2008

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Application of radiation in industry, medicine and research sector has increase significantly over the years. In industry main applications are industrial radiography, industrial fluoroscopy, radiation processing, luminizing, nucleonic gauges. Since the strength of the source used is generally high compared to other applications as well as the operating conditions prevailing during the exposure, radiological protection plays important role in this sector. Analysis of dose data, available with National Occupational Dose Registry of RPAD, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, provides some insight into trends in occupational exposures received by industrial radiation workers. This helps in providing information on adequateness of radiation protection practices followed in the industry. This paper presents the trends in occupational exposure received by radiation workers in the industry during past 10 years (1999 to 2008). It is observed that there is a gradual increase in the occupational radiation workers during the period. The number of persons monitored as well as exposed is highest in industrial radiography compared to other sub-categories. Major contribution to collective dose is also from industrial radiography. The highest annual average as well as exposed average doses are contributed by industrial radiography. The monitored persons receiving dose d 5 mSv is 96.9% industry

  11. Open source innovation: Characteristics and applicability outside the software industry

    OpenAIRE

    Raasch, Christina; Herstatt, Cornelius; Abdelkafi, Nizar

    2008-01-01

    Motivation of this paper is to discuss that the open source model of innovation does not only seem practical in the software industry, but also in various other industrial contexts. We develop the concept of Open Source Innovation (OSI) as a generalisation of the open source model of software development (OSS). Our definition centres on the collaboration of volunteers and the free revelation of knowledge between actors. Since OSI exhibits important differences to several related concepts in t...

  12. Malmquist producticity index: An application of Turkish automotive industry

    OpenAIRE

    Lorcu, Fatma

    2010-01-01

    Automotive sector is one of the most important sectors which seen as the locomotive of economy, shares a large extent of the each economic crisis experienced in the area. In this study; automotive and supplier industry firms', which place in Istanbul Chamber of Industry's (ICI) 500 large firms, total factor productivities analyzed with Malmquist total factor productivity index. While 14 companies came up in this study that compassed 2003-2007 periods, the numbers of employees, net assets are ...

  13. Maintenance applications of augmented reality for the Chinese aerospace industry

    OpenAIRE

    Ou, Peng

    2011-01-01

    Since augmented reality has not reached full maturity in use, it is not widely adopted within the aerospace industry. According to the literature review, minimal research efforts have been conducted to assess the cost-benefit or cost- effectiveness of augmented reality so far. Moreover, to the best of researcher’s knowledge, no research has been carried out to develop a systematic process for selecting and implementing augmented reality within the Chinese aerospace industry....

  14. Application of enzymes in the textile industry: a review

    OpenAIRE

    Mojsov, Kiro

    2011-01-01

    The use of enzymes in textile industry is one of the most rapidly growing field in industrial enzymology. The enzymes used in the textile field are amylases, catalase, and laccase which are used to removing the starch, degrading excess hydrogen peroxide, bleaching textiles and degrading lignin. The use of enzymes in the textile chemical processing is rapidly gaining globally recognition because of their non-toxic and eco-friendly characteristics with the increasinly important requirements for...

  15. Microbial Alpha-Amylases and their Industrial Applications: A Review

    OpenAIRE

    Mojsov, Kiro

    2012-01-01

    The biotechnological potential of α-amylases from microorganisms has drawn a great deal of attention from various researchers worldwide as likely biological catalysts in a variety of industrial processes. The rapid developments in the field of genetic engineering have given a new impetus to the biotechnology. Biotechnology also offers the potential for new industrial processes that require less energy and are based on renewable raw materialsand environmentally healthy practices.This work repr...

  16. Production, composition, and application of coffee and its industrial residues

    OpenAIRE

    Mussatto, Solange I.; Machado, Ercília M. S.; Martins, Silvia,; J.A. Teixeira

    2012-01-01

    Coffee is one of the most consumed beverages in the world and is the second largest traded commodity after petroleum. Due to the great demand of this product, large amounts of residues are generated in the coffee industry, which are toxic and represent serious environmental problems. Coffee silverskin and spent coffee grounds are the main coffee industry residues, obtained during the beans roasting, and the process to prepare “instant coffee”, respectively. Recently, some attempts have been m...

  17. Applications of infrared thermography in the food industry

    OpenAIRE

    Cuibus, Lucian

    2013-01-01

    In the last 20-30 years, the implementation of new technologies from the research centres to the food industry process was very fast. The infrared thermography is a tool used in many fields, including agriculture and food science technology, because of it's important qualities like non-destructive method, it is fast, it is accurate, it is repeatable and economical. Almost all the industrial food processors have to use the thermal process to obtain an optimal product respecting the quality and...

  18. Evaluating Coordinated Effects: An application to the US beer industry

    OpenAIRE

    Beelitz, Frederik

    2009-01-01

    The paper brings Friedman's (1971) collusive game to data and investigates whether the merger between the fifth and fourth largest brewer (G. Heileman and Stroh) of the US beer industry in the mid 1990's had a significant impact on the incentives to collude in the industry. It does so by firstly estimating a random coefficient Logit demand system for the US beer market. In a second step the demand estimates are used to conduct a merger simulation (Davis, 2006) quantifying coordinated effects ...

  19. Industrial applications study. Volume IV. Industrial plant surveys. Final report. [Waste heat recovery and utilization

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brown, Harry L.; Hamel, Bernard B.; Karamchetty, Som; Steigelmann, William H.; Gajanana, Birur C.; Agarwal, Anil P.; Klock, Lawrence M.; Henderson, James M.; Calobrisi, Gary; Hedman, Bruce A.; Koluch, Michael; Biancardi, Frank; Bass, Robert; Landerman, Abraham; Peters, George; Limaye, Dilip; Price, Jeffrey; Farr, Janet

    1977-01-01

    An initial evaluation of the waste heat recovery and utilization potential in the manufacturing portion of the industrial sector is presented. The scope of this initial phase addressed the feasibility of obtaining in-depth energy information in the industrial sector. Within this phase, the methodology and approaches for data gathering and assessment were established. Using these approaches, energy use and waste heat profiles were developed at the 2-digit level; with this data, waste heat utilization technologies were evaluated. This study represents an important first step in the evaluation of waste heat recovery potential.

  20. Development of Viscosity Model for Petroleum Industry Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Motahhari, Hamed reza

    Heavy oil and bitumen are challenging to produce and process due to their very high viscosity, but their viscosity can be reduced either by heating or dilution with a solvent. Given the key role of viscosity, an accurate viscosity model suitable for use with reservoir and process simulators is essential. While there are several viscosity models for natural gases and conventional oils, a compositional model applicable to heavy petroleum and diluents is lacking. The objective of this thesis is to develop a general compositional viscosity model that is applicable to natural gas mixtures, conventional crudes oils, heavy petroleum fluids, and their mixtures with solvents and other crudes. The recently developed Expanded Fluid (EF) viscosity correlation was selected as a suitable compositional viscosity model for petroleum applications. The correlation relates the viscosity of the fluid to its density over a broad range of pressures and temperatures. The other inputs are pressure and the dilute gas viscosity. Each fluid is characterized for the correlation by a set of fluid-specific parameters which are tuned to fit data. First, the applicability of the EF correlation was extended to asymmetric mixtures and liquid mixtures containing dissolved gas components. A new set of mass-fraction based mixing rules was developed to calculate the fluid-specific parameters for mixtures. The EF correlation with the new set of mixing rules predicted the viscosity of over 100 mixtures of hydrocarbon compounds and carbon dioxide with overall average absolute relative deviations (AARD) of less than 10% either with measured densities or densities estimated by Advanced Peng-Robinson equation of state (APR EoS). To improve the viscosity predictions with APR EoS-estimated densities, general correlations were developed for non-zero viscosity binary interaction parameters. The EF correlation was extended to non-hydrocarbon compounds typically encountered in natural gas industry. It was

  1. Evaluating efficiency levels comparatively: Data envelopment analysis application for Turkish textile and apparel industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Canan Saricam

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: The purpose of this study is to show the usage of DEA in efficiency measurement.Design/methodology/approach: The efficiencies of textile and apparel companies were analyzed by input-oriented DEA model under variable return to scale assumption. The textile and apparel companies quoted in Istanbul Stock Exchange for the period 2003 and 2008 were evaluated in terms of efficiency level providing a framework for the calculation of input excesses and output shortages.Findings: The analysis revealed that the average efficiency scores of the apparel industry was higher than the textile industry and two industries together. The companies in the apparel industry should overcome the lack of insufficient level of exports whereas the textile industry needs to increase gross value added in order to be more efficient.Research limitations/implications: Because of missing data, four companies from textile industry and one company from apparel industry were ignored although they took place in the records of Istanbul Stock Exchange.Practical implications: This study provided a framework for DEA application in determination and comparison of efficiency performance in an industry level.Originality/value: Selecting the groups compared as textile industry, apparel industry and the two industries in general allowed discussing the comparative efficiencies of two industries eliminating the industry specific pitfalls.

  2. Applications of recombinant Pichia pastoris in the healthcare industry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weinacker, Daniel; Rabert, Claudia; Zepeda, Andrea B; Figueroa, Carolina A; Pessoa, Adalberto; Farías, Jorge G

    2013-12-01

    Since the 1970s, the establishment and development of the biotech industry has improved exponentially, allowing the commercial production of biopharmaceutical proteins. Nowadays, new recombinant protein production is considered a multibillion-dollar market, in which about 25% of commercial pharmaceuticals are biopharmaceuticals. But to achieve a competitive production process is not an easy task. Any production process has to be highly productive, efficient and economic. Despite that the perfect host is still not discovered, several research groups have chosen Pichia pastoris as expression system for the production of their protein because of its many features. The attempt of this review is to embrace several research lines that have adopted Pichia pastoris as their expression system to produce a protein on an industrial scale in the health care industry. PMID:24688491

  3. Applications of nuclear methods in the automotive industry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Over the years nuclear methods have proved to be a valuable asset to industry in general and to the automotive industry in particular. This paper summarizes some of the most important recent contributions of nuclear technology to the development of vehicles having high quality and long-term durability. Radiotracer methods are used to measure engine oil consumption and the wear rates of inaccessible components. Radiographic and tomographic methods are used to image fluids and structures in engines and accessory components. Tracers are used to understand combustion chemistry and quantify fluid flow. Gauging methods are used for inspection and process control. Nuclear analytical methods are used routinely for materials characterization and problem solving. Although nuclear methods are usually considered as the means of last resort, they can often be applied more easily and quickly than conventional methods when those in industrial engineering and R and D are aware of their unique capabilities. (author). 51 refs., 5 figs

  4. Industrial high pressure applications. Processes, equipment and safety

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Eggers, Rudolf (ed.) [Technische Univ. Hamburg-Harburg, Hamburg (Germany). Inst. fuer Thermische Verfahrenstechnik

    2012-07-01

    Industrial high pressure processes open the door to many reactions that are not possible under 'normal' conditions. These are to be found in such different areas as polymerization, catalytic reactions, separations, oil and gas recovery, food processing, biocatalysis and more. The most famous high pressure process is the so-called Haber-Bosch process used for fertilizers and which was awarded a Nobel prize. Following an introduction on historical development, the current state, and future trends, this timely and comprehensive publication goes on to describe different industrial processes, including methanol and other catalytic syntheses, polymerization and renewable energy processes, before covering safety and equipment issues. With its excellent choice of industrial contributions, this handbook offers high quality information not found elsewhere, making it invaluable reading for a broad and interdisciplinary audience.

  5. Tests of cosmic ray radiography for power industry applications

    CERN Document Server

    Durham, J M; Morris, C L; Bacon, J; Fabritius, J; Fellows, S; Plaud-Ramos, K; Poulson, D; Renshaw, J

    2015-01-01

    In this report, we assess muon multiple scattering tomography as a non-destructive inspection technique in several typical areas of interest to the nuclear power industry, including monitoring concrete degradation, gate valve conditions, and pipe wall thickness. This work is motivated by the need for radiographic methods that do not require the licensing, training, and safety controls of x-rays, and by the need to be able to penetrate considerable overburden to examine internal details of components that are otherwise inaccessible, with minimum impact on industrial operations. In some scenarios, we find that muon tomography may be an attractive alternative to more typical measurements.

  6. Tests of cosmic ray radiography for power industry applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. M. Durham

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available In this report, we assess muon multiple scattering tomography as a non-destructive inspection technique in several typical areas of interest to the nuclear power industry, including monitoring concrete degradation, gate valve conditions, and pipe wall thickness. This work is motivated by the need for imaging methods that do not require the licensing, training, and safety controls of x-rays, and by the need to be able to penetrate considerable overburden to examine internal details of components that are otherwise inaccessible, with minimum impact on industrial operations. In some scenarios, we find that muon tomography may be an attractive alternative to more typical measurements.

  7. Tests of cosmic ray radiography for power industry applications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this report, we assess muon multiple scattering tomography as a non-destructive inspection technique in several typical areas of interest to the nuclear power industry, including monitoring concrete degradation, gate valve conditions, and pipe wall thickness. This work is motivated by the need for imaging methods that do not require the licensing, training, and safety controls of x-rays, and by the need to be able to penetrate considerable overburden to examine internal details of components that are otherwise inaccessible, with minimum impact on industrial operations. In some scenarios, we find that muon tomography may be an attractive alternative to more typical measurements

  8. An Operations Research Application in the Particleboard Industry

    OpenAIRE

    KARAYILMAZLAR, Selman

    2000-01-01

    In this study, a model was used for the optimization of product mix (the amounts of each product in the mixture) in particleboard industry by using linear programming. A theoretical model was constructed in which operations research methods and linear programming were applied to the maximization of the profit of a particleboard mill (KÖYKOBİR) as the consumer of industrial wood. To this end, 1993-1994-1995-1996 production, sales, stock quantities and costs as well as data related to capacitie...

  9. Application of electronic nose for industrial odors and gaseous emissions measurement and monitoring--An overview.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deshmukh, Sharvari; Bandyopadhyay, Rajib; Bhattacharyya, Nabarun; Pandey, R A; Jana, Arun

    2015-11-01

    The present review evaluates the key modules of the electronic nose, a biomimetic system, with specific examples of applications to industrial emissions monitoring and measurement. Regulations concerning the odor control are becoming very strict, due to ever mounting environmental pollution and its subsequent consequences and it is advantageous to employ real time measurement system. In this perspective, systems like the electronic nose are an improved substitute for assessing the complex industrial emissions over other analytical techniques (odorant concentration measurement) and olfactometry (odor concentration measurement). Compared to tools like gas chromatography, electronic nose systems are easy to develop, are non-destructive and useful for both laboratory and on field purposes. Although there has been immense development of more sensitive and selective sensor arrays and advanced data mining techniques, there have been limited reports on the application of electronic nose for the measurement of industrial emissions. The current study sheds light on the practical applicability of electronic nose for the effective industrial odor and gaseous emissions measurement. The applications categorization is based on gaseous pollutants released from the industries. Calibration and calibration transfer methodologies have been discussed to enhance the applicability of electronic nose system. Further, industrial gas grab sampling technique is reviewed. Lastly, the electronic mucosa system, which has the ability to overcome the flaws of electronic nose system, has been examined. The review ends with the concluding remarks describing the pros and cons of artificial olfaction technique for the industrial applications. PMID:26452830

  10. Large radiation sources in industry. Proceedings of a conference on the application of large radiation sources in industry. V. I

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Uses of radiation in industry are among the most effective ways in which atomic energy can help economic development. The benefits to industry, which are already substantial, have so far been mostly derived from the application of radioisotopes and other small sources of radiation as tools of scientific investigation, detection, measurement or control. The use of radiation as a direct agent in initiating industrial processes, which has now become possible with the availability of large radiation sources, will perhaps result in ever greater and wider development. Work in this new field of research and development has already been undertaken in some countries and a beginning is being made in many others. In view of a widely felt need for an exchange of information and views on the new techniques and results, the International Atomic Energy Agency organized a conference at Warsaw in September 1959 on the Application of Large Radiation Sources in Industry and Especially to Chemical Processes. This was the first international scientific meeting at which the whole subject was reviewed in detail.

  11. Applications of Holland's Theory in Industrial and Organizational Settings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muchinsky, Paul M.

    1999-01-01

    Contributions of Holland's theory to industrial/organizational psychology include the following: (1) person-environment congruence, a major influence in organizational behavior; (2) the notion that individuals should be self-directed participants in career exploration and the use of occupational information; and (3) use of vocational interest…

  12. Biopolimers – structure, properties and applicability in the foundry industry

    OpenAIRE

    B. Grabowska

    2008-01-01

    A review of literature data concerning physicochemical properties and possibilities of practical utilisation of the most important natural biopolymers (proteins, celluloses, starch, chitozan) are presented in the paper. Biopolymers being renewable natural polymers characterised by several required physicochemical properties (adhesivity, activity, no toxicity, biodegradability) constitute more and more interesting processing raw material for various industrial utilisations including environmen...

  13. Applications and real life spectra in the power generation industry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Loading spectra encountered in various structures, machines, and components in the Power Generation Industry are presented from the viewpoint of fatigue analysis and structural integrity assessment. Although particular attention is paid to loading transients in turbo-generators, other items such as pressure vessels, pumped storage, nuclear plant pressure circuitry and wind turbines are also considered. (author)

  14. Application of Iron Nanoparticles for Industrial Wastewater Treatment

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Sukopová, M.; Matysíková, J.; Škvoran, O.; Holba, Marek

    Ostrava : Tanger, 2013, s. 456-460. ISBN 978-80-87294-44-4. [NANOCON 2013. Brno (CZ), 16.10.2013-18.10.2013] R&D Projects: GA MPO FR-TI3/196 Institutional support: RVO:67985939 Keywords : zerovalent iron nanoparticles * copper and nickel removal * industrial wastewater treatment Subject RIV: EF - Botanics

  15. Technological Proposals for Recycling Industrial Wastes for Environmental Applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isabel Romero-Hermida

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available A two-fold objective is proposed for this research: removing hazardous and unpleasant wastes and mitigating the emissions of green house gasses in the atmosphere. Thus, the first aim of this work is to identify, characterize and recycle industrial wastes with high contents of calcium or sodium. This involves synthesizing materials with the ability for CO2 sequestration as preliminary work for designing industrial processes, which involve a reduction of CO2 emissions. In this regard, phosphogypsum from the fertilizer industry and liquid wastes from the green olive and bauxite industries have been considered as precursors. Following a very simple procedure, Ca-bearing phosphogypsum wastes are mixed with Na-bearing liquid wastes in order to obtain a harmless liquid phase and an active solid phase, which may act as a carbon sequestration agent. In this way, wastes, which are unable to fix CO2 by themselves, can be successfully turned into effective CO2 sinks. The CO2 sequestration efficiency and the CO2 fixation power of the procedure based on these wastes are assessed.

  16. Engineering industrial yeast for renewable advanced biofuels applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    The industrial yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae is a candidate for the next-generation biocatalyst development due to its unique genomic background and robust performance in fermentation-based production. In order to meet challenges of renewable and sustainable advanced biofuels conversion including ...

  17. 14 CFR 1201.402 - NASA Industrial Applications Centers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... and innovative technology to nonaerospace sectors of the economy—NASA operates a network of Industrial..., Department of Computer Science, Baton Rouge, LA 70813-2065. (b) To obtain access to NASA-developed computer software, contact: Computer Software Management and Information Center (COSMIC), University of...

  18. Application of electron beam to industrial wastewater treatment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Global withdrawals of water to satisfy human demands have grown dramatically in this century. Between 1900 and 1995, water consumption increased by over six times, more than double the rate of population growth. This rapid growth in water demand is due to the increasing reliance on irrigation to achieve food security, the growth of industrial uses, and the increasing use per capita for domestic purposes. Given the seriousness of the situation and future risk of crises, there is an urgent need to develop the water efficient technologies including economical treatment methods of wastewater and polluted water. In the Central Research Institute of Samsung Heavy Industries (SHI), many industrial wastewater including leachate from landfill area, wastewater from papermill, dyeing complex, petrochemical processes, etc. are under investigation with EB irradiation. For the study of treating dyeing wastewater combined with conventional facilities, an EB pilot plant for treating 1,000m3/day of wastewater from 60,000m3/day of total dyeing wastewater has been constructed and operated in Taegu Dyeing Industrial Complex. A commercial plant for re-circulation of wastewater from Papermill Company is also designed for S-paper Co. in Cheongwon City, and after the successful installation, up to 80% of wastewater could be re-used in paper producing process. (author)

  19. Occupational exposure in Greek industrial radiography laboratories (2004-2006) and comparison of doses with other industrial applications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: In this study the Mean Annual Dose (MAD) of all industrial radiography workers in Greece for the time period 2004-2006 is evaluated and correlated to the practice and type of equipment used. All data used in this study come from the National Dose Registry Information System of the Greek Atomic Energy Commission. The present study constitutes the follow up of two previous studies, where a Dose Constraint (DC) for industrial radiography in Greece, equal to 4.0mSv was introduced for the first time. The introduction and systematic use of a dynamic DC value aims to optimize common working practices through a continuous decrease of occupational doses. In the current work a further decrease in the industrial radiography personnel doses is observed and the factors leading to this result are analyzed. Finally, the estimated MAD value for exposed workers in industrial radiography is compared to the ones corresponding to workers in other industrial applications involving the use of ionizing radiation

  20. Modelling and Scheduling Autonomous Mobile Robot for a Real-World Industrial Application

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dang, Vinh Quang; Nielsen, Izabela Ewa; Bøgh, Simon; Bocewicz, Grzegorz

    The paper deals with a real-world implementation of autonomous industrial mobile robot performing an industrial application at a factory of a pump manufacturer. In the implementation, the multi-criteria optimization problem of scheduling tasks of a mobile robot is also taken into account. The paper...... proposes an approach composing of: a mobile robot system design (“Little Helper”), an appropriate and comprehensive industrial application (multiple-part feeding tasks), an implementation concept for industrial environments (the bartender concept), and a real-time heuristics integrated into Mission...... Planning and Control software to schedule the mobile robot in the industrial application. Results from the real-world implementation show that “Little Helper” is capable of successfully serving four part feeders in three production cells within a given planning horizon using the best schedule generated...

  1. Modelling and Scheduling Autonomous Mobile Robot for a Real-World Industrial Application

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dang, Vinh Quang; Nielsen, Izabela Ewa; Bøgh, Simon;

    2013-01-01

    The paper deals with a real-world implementation of autonomous industrial mobile robot performing an industrial application at a factory of a pump manufacturer. In the implementation, the multi-criteria optimization problem of scheduling tasks of a mobile robot is also taken into account. The paper...... proposes an approach composing of: a mobile robot system design (“Little Helper”), an appropriate and comprehensive industrial application (multiple-part feeding tasks), an implementation concept for industrial environments (the bartender concept), and a real-time heuristics integrated into Mission...... Planning and Control software to schedule the mobile robot in the industrial application. Results from the real-world implementation show that “Little Helper” is capable of successfully serving four part feeders in three production cells within a given planning horizon using the best schedule generated...

  2. Industrial application of the gamma rays; Aplicacion industrial de los rayos gamma

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Villalobos C, H., E-mail: hvc84@hotmail.co [Adiestramiento y Capacitacion Nuclear, S. A. de C. V., Calle Jupiter Lte. 6 Mz. 11, Col. Media Luna, 04737 Mexico D. F. (Mexico)

    2010-09-15

    The advance in the production of the sealed sources of Ir-192 and their containers have been very useful and beneficent for the radiological protection of the operators of these sources in the practice of the industrial X-rays. The manufacturers of these devices have improved their designs day to day in order to offer the maximum radiological protection to the moment to operate them. (Author)

  3. Solar energy based industrial applications at the "Politehnica" University of Timisoara

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luminosu Ioan V.

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available A short overview of a more than 30 years long activity in industrial and home applications of solar energy at the "Politehnica" University of Timişoara, Romania is presented. A built "Solar House", an industrial system for preheating bitumen, a solution for waste water cleaning and an industrial hall for drying ceramic products are described. Some recent studies on solar concentrators are reported.

  4. Solar energy based industrial applications at the "Politehnica" University of Timisoara

    OpenAIRE

    Luminosu Ioan V.; de Sabata Coleta T.; de Sabata Aldo I.

    2011-01-01

    A short overview of a more than 30 years long activity in industrial and home applications of solar energy at the "Politehnica" University of Timişoara, Romania is presented. A built "Solar House", an industrial system for preheating bitumen, a solution for waste water cleaning and an industrial hall for drying ceramic products are described. Some recent studies on solar concentrators are reported.

  5. E-business in European food and beverages industry: current applications & future trends

    OpenAIRE

    Vlachos, Ilias

    2004-01-01

    This study examined a number of key issues regarding applications of e-business and Information & Communication Technologies in European Food and Beverage Industry. For this purpose a pan European survey was conducted during the period October-November 2002. The role and use of ICT technologies mirrors the structure of the industry: dominance by large multinationals, where the creation of industrial groups (tied to mergers and subsidiaries) has encouraged the installation of interconnecte...

  6. Application of Multi-Barrier Membrane Filtration Technologies to Reclaim Municipal Wastewater for Industrial Use

    OpenAIRE

    Ordóñez Sanz, Ruth; Hermosilla Redondo, Daphne; Merayo Cuevas, Noemí; Gascó, Antonio; Negro Álvarez, Carlos; Blanco Suárez, Ángeles

    2013-01-01

    The significant percentage of the world water consumption devoted to industrial use, along with an increasingly higher environmental concern of society, has awaken the interest of industry on using municipal reclaimed water for replacing fresh water use coming from utilities or natural resources. Depending on the type of industry and the specific application, water must meet certain quality requirements. Therefore, those water quality standards that are required for those most relevant indust...

  7. Occupational exposures in industrial application of radiation during 1999-2008

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Radiation sources are used in various industrial applications like industrial radiograph, industrial irradiation, industrial fluoroscopy, nucleonic gauges, well logging etc., Gamma, beta X-ray as well as neutron sources are used for various applications. Number of radiation workers in this field has increased over the years. Due to operating conditions prevailing during the exposure as well as the strength of the sources used in some of the applications, radiation protection plays an important role in this field. Analysis of doses received by radiation workers in industry provides information on trends of doses as well as adequateness of radiation protection practices followed in this sector. In India, National Occupational Dose Registry System (NODRS) of Radiological Physics and Advisory Division (RPAD), Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC) maintains personnel dose information of monitored radiation workers in the country. Analysis of occupational dose data of industrial radiation workers for last 10 years, i.e., 1999-2008 has been presented in this paper. It is observed that even though there is an increase in monitored radiation workers, percentage of persons receiving radiation exposure has come down during this period. There is also a decrease in the average annual dose as well as the collective dose. Further analysis of sub-categories shows that industrial radiography operations are the main contributor for collective dose (about 77%) followed by well logging and industrial X-ray operations (about 8% each). Thus, in addition to industrial radiography attention is also to be given to operations in these areas. (author)

  8. Applications of Technology, Currently Being Used in Business and Industry, to Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Satterlee, Brian

    Most educational institutions lag far behind business and industry in the adoption and use of technology. This paper explores the applications of technologies that are currently being used in business and industry, to education. The following technologies are reviewed: virtual learning, wireless networking, collaboration tools, digital video,…

  9. The industrial application requirement for biotech inventions in light of recent EPO & UK case law:

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Minssen, Timo; Nilsson, David

    2012-01-01

    at the date of filing to demonstrate a credible – or to use the terminology of the EPO – a plausible industrial application. In the final section of the article we shall also discuss various policy considerations relevant for the biotech industry and briefly refer to corresponding developments in the US...

  10. Radio frequency and microwave heating applicators and their use in industry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Metaxas, A.C. [Cambridge Univ. (United Kingdom)

    1995-12-01

    Radio frequency and microwave heating systems span the frequency range 10industry, commerce, medical and the domestic field. This paper concentrates on the industrial sector pointing to new, more efficient designs and introducing some long-standing applications for polymer processing as well as pointing to future developments.

  11. Candidate thermal energy storage technologies for solar industrial process heat applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Furman, E. R.

    1979-01-01

    A number of candidate thermal energy storage system elements were identified as having the potential for the successful application of solar industrial process heat. These elements which include storage media, containment and heat exchange are shown.

  12. Application of solar thermal energy to buildings and industry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kutscher, C. F.

    1981-05-01

    Flat plate collectors and evacuated tube collectors are described, as are parabolic troughs, Fresnel lenses, and compound parabolic concentrators. Use of solar energy for domestic hot water and for space heating and cooling are discussed. Some useful references and methods of system design and sizing are given. This includes mention of the importance of economic analysis. The suitability of solar energy for industrial use is discussed, and solar ponds, point-focus receivers and central receivers are briefly described. The use of solar energy for process hot water, drying and dehydration, and process steam are examined, industrial process heat field tests by the Department of Energy are discussed, and a solar total energy system in Shenandoah, GA is briefly described. (LEW)

  13. Application of Modern Colour Measurement Dervices in Coloration Industries

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHUNG Y.S.; XIN John H.; SIN K.M.

    2002-01-01

    In colour measurement ralated industry, reflectance spectrophotometer is the one of the popular measuring machine for measutring colour and quality control. Colour communications is frequently confusing. This is because the colour appearance is subject to the influence of at least three different phenomena: the light source, the object and the visual system. The variation in either the radiant quantity or the spectral distribution of the source can alter the observed colour. Because of this reason,the objective quantitative tool, colour measurement equipment and communication method; become more important in evaluating of the colour. In fact, based on the advanced in computer system and electronic device,the colour measurement becomes more and more accuracy, especiany in spectrophotometer measurement.In this paper, we will focus on the review of modern spectrophotometers in coloration industries.

  14. A Modular Architecture for Developing Robots for Industrial Applications

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Faina, Andres; Orjales, Felix; Souto, Daniel;

    2015-01-01

    addresses the problem the other way around. In this line, we start by defining the industrial settings the architecture is aimed at and then extract the main features that would be required from a modular robotic architecture to operate successfully in this context. Finally, a particular heterogeneous......This chapter is concerned with proposing ways to make feasible the use of robots in many sectors characterized by dynamic and unstructured environments. In particular, we are interested in addressing the problem through a new approach, based on modular robotics, to allow the fast deployment...... of robotsto solve specific tasks. A series of authors have previously proposed modular architectures, albeit mostly in laboratory settings. For this reason, their designs were usually more focused on what could be built instead of what was necessary for industrial operations. The approach presented here...

  15. Tangential filtration technologies membrane and applications for the industry agribusiness

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The membrane tangential filtration technologies are separation techniques based on the use of semipermeable filters through which, under a pushing force, it is possible to achieve separation of components or suspended in solution as a function of their dimensional characteristics and / or chemical-physical. At the laboratories of the ENEA Research Center Casaccia, as part of the program activities of the Biotechnology and agro-industry division, were studied and developed various filtration processes to membrane in the food industry. The problems have been studied by following a vision sustainable overall, always trying to pair the purification treatment to that of recovery and reuse of water and high value-added components. Ultimate goal of the research conducted is to close the production circuit, ensuring a discharge cycle zero and turning in fact a so-called spread in first, from which to obtain new products.

  16. IOT technology application model research of transportation industry in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Lai Mingyong; Zhou Tang; Liu Zhengchi

    2013-01-01

    The paper studied the connection between intemet of things (IOT) technology and transportation industry.Meanwhile,the definition of IOT in transportation was given.Concerning that many problems occurred during the process of traditional intelligent transportation system,the paper proposed a promising model of IOT in transportation.The advantage of the information utilization model from information to function was confirmed through comparative study.Finally,the model presented that a real interconnection of transportation would be achieved based on the unified information collection.It can greatly save cost on technology transfer,exploit potential value of information,and promote the emergence of a sustainable information service market and the industrial upgrade.

  17. Reduced risk HTGR concept for industrial heat application

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The industrial process heat market has been identified as major market for the High Temperature Gas-Cooled Reactor (HTGR), however, this market introduces stringent availability requirements on the reactor system relative to electric plants which feed a large existing grid. The characteristics and requirements of the industrial heat markets are summarized; the risks associated with serving this market with a single large HTGR will be discussed; and the modular concept, which has the potential to reduce both safety and investment risks, will be described. The reference modular concept described consists of several small, relatively benign nuclear heat sources linked together to supply heat energy to a balance-of-plant incorporating a process gas train/thermochemical pipe line system and a normal steam-electric plant

  18. Advanced Discrete-Time Control Methods for Industrial Applications

    OpenAIRE

    Khatamianfar, Arash

    2015-01-01

    This thesis focuses on developing advanced control methods for two industrial systems in discrete-time aiming to enhance their performance in delivering the control objectives as well as considering the practical aspects. The first part addresses wind power dispatch into the electricity network using a battery energy storage system (BESS). To manage the amount of energy sold to the electricity market, a novel control scheme is developed based on discrete-time model predictive control (MPC) to...

  19. A Novel of Hybrid Maintenance Management Models for Industrial Applications

    OpenAIRE

    Tahir, Zulkifli

    2010-01-01

    It is observed through empirical studies that the effectiveness of industrial process have been increased by a well organized of machines maintenance structure. In current research, a novel of maintenance concept has been designed by hybrid several maintenance management models with Decision Making Grid (DMG), Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) and Fuzzy Logic. The concept is designed for maintenance personnel to evaluate and benchmark the maintenance operations and to reveal important maintena...

  20. Application of NIR technology in the animal food industry

    OpenAIRE

    Maslovarić M.; Jovanović R.; Janković S.; Lević J.; Tolimir N.

    2011-01-01

    The importance of NIR technology in the animal food industry is presented in this study. As the example of the calibration procedure of NIR devices a calibration model for 14 samples of soybean cake was designed. Samples were previously analyzed in the standard laboratory testing of the moisture content, content of crude proteins, crude fats and crude fibre. In this calibration procedure high determination coefficients - R2 were established for these parame...

  1. Data Mining: Techniques and Applications in the Manufacturing Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Al-Nimer, Thaer

    2006-01-01

    Data mining and knowledge discovery in databases are increasingly attracting a significant number of academics, professionals, and the attention of the media. It is regarded by many industrial organisations as an important tool in knowledge discovery with the potential for substantial profits. However, data mining is a relatively new field that has emerged as a result of advancements in many different subjects such as statistics and computing and has only recently began to attract the attenti...

  2. Alternative Fungicides for the Leather Industry: Application in Various Processes.

    OpenAIRE

    Cuadros Domènech, Sara; Manresa Presas, Mª Angels; Font Vallès, Joaquim; Puig Vidal, Rita; Marsal Monge, Agustí

    2013-01-01

    Increasingly stringent environmental legislation and indispensable use of fungicides in the tanning industry obliges tanners to adapt their processes to alternative technologies with lower environmental impact, including the search for new fungicide systems that comply with those rules. The fungicidal capacities of alternative compounds diiodomethyl p-tolylsulfone (DIMPTS), 3-iodo- 2-propynyl N-butylcarbamate (IPBC) and thiabendazole / 2-thiazol-4-yl-1H-benzo imidazole(TBZ) were compared t...

  3. Application of CSR Programs in the Airline Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Anttila, Timo; Kretzschmar, Annika

    2010-01-01

    The subject of this thesis was to analyze the global airline business environment and corporate social responsibility (CSR) program implementations of some well-known airlines. The research has been conducted with the assumption that corporate social responsibility theory is valid. Our purpose was to give the reader and overall impression of airline industry in general, CSR theory and its most important elements. The work is divided into two distinct parts; theory and practical analysis o...

  4. Federal laboratory nondestructive testing research and development applicable to industry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Smith, S.A.; Moore, N.L.

    1987-02-01

    This document presents the results of a survey of nondestructive testing (NDT) and related sensor technology research and development (R and D) at selected federal laboratories. Objective was to identify and characterize NDT activities that could be applied to improving energy efficiency and overall productivity in US manufacturing. Numerous federally supported R and D programs were identified in areas such as acoustic emissions, eddy current, radiography, computer tomography and ultrasonics. A Preliminary Findings Report was sent to industry representatives, which generated considerable interest.

  5. Wearable sensors networks for safety applications in industrial scenarios

    OpenAIRE

    Musu, Claudia

    2015-01-01

    Industrial contexts, and in particular the port areas, are very complex systems to be monitored and controlled due to the combined presence of vehicles and people. The port areas are the gateway between navigation and terrestrial transportation and are of great importance in transport logistics. Unfortunately, the management of port areas is quite complex because the safety of the workers must be always assured. Therefore, in such a context, a centralized control system for the ...

  6. Design and Development of Ethernet Interface for Industrial Applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. SakthiAbirami

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The majority of microcontrollers in use today are embedded in machineries, such as automobiles, appliances, and peripherals for computer systems. The devices used in industries are not equipped with any network interface. In this design, ARM with Ethernet is used for controlling the speed of the motor with the help of defined IP address, which is present in the embedded web server.

  7. Applications of recombinant Pichia pastoris in the healthcare industry

    OpenAIRE

    Daniel Weinacker; Claudia Rabert; Zepeda, Andrea B.; Figueroa, Carolina A.; Adalberto Pessoa; Farías, Jorge G.

    2014-01-01

    Since the 1970s, the establishment and development of the biotech industry has improved exponentially, allowing the commercial production of biopharmaceutical proteins. Nowadays, new recombinant protein production is considered a multibillion-dollar market, in which about 25% of commercial pharmaceuticals are biopharmaceuticals. But to achieve a competitive production process is not an easy task. Any production process has to be highly productive, efficient and economic. Despite that the perf...

  8. Application of digital image processing to industrial radiography

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Radiography is widely used for quality control of fabrication of large reactor components. Image processing methods are applied to industrial radiographs in order to help to take a decision as well as to reduce costs and delays for examination. Films, performed in representative operating conditions, are used to test results obtained with algorithms for the restauration of images and for the detection, characterisation of indications in order to determine the possibility of an automatic radiographs processing

  9. Application of Origin Rules in Kaesong Industrial Complex, North Korea

    OpenAIRE

    Kim Na Young

    2012-01-01

    Under the expansion of regional economic integration, a product may be assembled in more than one country, creating the problem to determine the origin of the product. This paper aims to analyze the issue to recognize products manufactured in Kaesong Industrial Complex, North Korea, as products originating from South Korea.  Sebagai akibat dari berkembangnya kesatuan-kesatuan ekonomi regional, suatu produk dapat diproduksi di lebih dari satu negara. Hal ini menimbulkan masalah dalam menentuka...

  10. Application of Sorbents for Industrial Waste Water Purification

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Matějková, Martina; Soukup, Karel; Kaštánek, František; Čapek, P.; Grabowski, J.; Stanczyk, K.; Šolcová, Olga

    2015-01-01

    Roč. 38, č. 4 (2015), s. 667-674. ISSN 0930-7516 R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GAP204/11/1206 Grant ostatní: RFCS(XE) RFCR-CT-2011-00002 Institutional support: RVO:67985858 Keywords : pilot sorption experiments * reactive bed * underground coal gasification Subject RIV: CI - Industrial Chemistry, Chemical Engineering Impact factor: 2.442, year: 2014

  11. Ditching Numerical Simulations: Recent Steps in Industrial Applications

    OpenAIRE

    Benítez Montañés, Luis; Climent Máñez, Héctor; Siemann, Martin; Kohlgrueber, Dieter

    2012-01-01

    Ditching is an aircraft emergency condition that ends with planned impact of the aircraft on water. The high forward velocity in fixed-wing aircraft ditching affects the aircraft dynamics and its structural response due to complex hydrodynamic effects. Therefore, analysis of ditching impact is particularly relevant to satisfy the airworthiness regulations for modern aircraft. Numerical methods for simulating ditching take advantage of the computational capacity allowing industry to deal w...

  12. Biopolimers – structure, properties and applicability in the foundry industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B. Grabowska

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available A review of literature data concerning physicochemical properties and possibilities of practical utilisation of the most important natural biopolymers (proteins, celluloses, starch, chitozan are presented in the paper. Biopolymers being renewable natural polymers characterised by several required physicochemical properties (adhesivity, activity, no toxicity, biodegradability constitute more and more interesting processing raw material for various industrial utilisations including environment friendly binding agents for moulding sands. Protein and starch compositions are used as binding agents for moulding and core sands in the foundry industry. Preliminary tests – performed within own research - of modification and utilisation of biopolymers as binding agents for moulding sands are promising from many aspects: technological (adequate properties of moulding sands, ecological (no toxicity, biodegradability and economic (low price. Starch from the polysaccharide group seems to be especially interesting since it is abundant, easily obtainable, biodegradable and the cheapest polymer. At its actual low price and the possibility of using agricultural wastes in the production, problem of utilising starch in many industry branches can become significant, especially in Poland.

  13. Development of UHTC- Ultra-high-temperature ceramics for aerospace and industrial applications

    OpenAIRE

    Bellosi, Alida

    2009-01-01

    Zirconium and Hafnium diborides and carbides belong to the class of Ultra-High-Temperature Ceramics (UHTC) for their high melting point (2700-3900?C). The interest on these materials is due to the unique combination of properties 8High hardness, high electrical and thermal conductivity, chemical inertness). They constitute a clss of promising materials for HT applications in industrial secors like foundry, refractory or nuclear plants. Applications are also found in aerospace industry: leadin...

  14. Application of Lean Manufacturing Tools in the Food and Beverage Industries

    OpenAIRE

    Rui Borges Lopes; Filipa Freitas; Inês Sousa

    2015-01-01

    Recent years have shown an increasing use of lean manufacturing (LM) principles and tools in several industrial sectors. Already a well-established management philosophy, it has shown numerous successful applications even outside production environments. This work presents the application of some LM tools, and the corresponding shift in philosophy, in two Portuguese companies of the food and beverage industries. Main implementation issues are presented and discussed; followed by the results o...

  15. Liquid phase oxidation via heterogeneous catalysis organic synthesis and industrial applications

    CERN Document Server

    Clerici, Mario G

    2013-01-01

    Sets the stage for environmentally friendly industrial organic syntheses From basic principles to new and emerging industrial applications, this book offers comprehensive coverage of heterogeneous liquid-phase selective oxidation catalysis. It fully examines the synthesis, characterization, and application of catalytic materials for environmentally friendly organic syntheses. Readers will find coverage of all the important classes of catalysts, with an emphasis on their stability and reusability. Liquid Phase Oxidation via Heterogeneous Catalysis features contributions from an internation

  16. Hammer: an Android based application for end-user industrial robot programming

    OpenAIRE

    Mateo Benito, Carlos; Brunete González, Alberto; Gambao Galán, Ernesto; Hernando Gutiérrez, Miguel

    2014-01-01

    This paper presents a novel tablet based end-user interface for industrial robot programming (called Hammer). This application makes easier to program tasks for industrial robots like polishing, milling or grinding. It is based on the Scratch programming language, but specifically design and created for Android OS. It is a visual programming concept that allows non-skilled programmer operators to create programs. The application also allows to monitor the tasks while it is being executed by o...

  17. Broadband terahertz spectroscopy: principles, fundamental research and potential for industrial applications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Terahertz radiation (also called T-rays) can be employed for spectroscopy and imaging, from the laboratory to industrial applications. In this paper we give an overview of how broadband optoelectronic THz techniques (i.e. using optical lasers to achieve THz generation and detection) can be implemented, and give examples of their unique use in solid-state physics, and in biological and industrial applications. (paper)

  18. Relevance for Food Safety of Applications of Nanotechnology in the Food and Feed Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Pratt, Iona; Adley, Catherine; Chambers, Gordon; Anderson, Wayne

    2008-01-01

    The application of nanotechnology in the food and feed industry offers many potential benefits for both consumers and manufacturers.The ultrafine dimensions of nanoparticles, and consequently their very large surface area, enable them to function more effectively than conventional macro-scale structures in many applications. Nanotechnology is however a relatively new area of science and the benefits and risks associated with its use in the food and feed industry are not fully understood at th...

  19. The industrial applications of shape memory alloys in North America

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Literature in the recent past on shape memory effect alloys dwelt principally on the physical metallurgy, crystallography and kinetics of the shape memory phenomenon. By contrast, we now have books and conference proceedings devoted to the engineering aspects of SMAs, their technology and application. The dominant role SMAs now play in the field of medical and orthodontic devices is well documented and will be reviewed by others in this conference. In this paper we will discuss the commercial applications for shape memory alloy devices in the North American market; applications which are in many cases also produced in European countries and Japan. The early success of shape memory alloy couplings for joining tubing and pipe in the late 1960's was not followed by other large volume applications until the advent of shape memory eyeglass frames, brassiere underwires and cellular phone antennas. Many other applications have now evolved into mature markets and these will be reviewed. In addition to the many commercial applications cited, there are a number of other fields in which shape memory alloys are destined to play a major role; these include smart materials and adaptive structures, MEMS devices, infrastructure systems and electrical power generation and distribution. These applications are being developed with private and government funding and will also be briefly discussed. (orig.)

  20. Present status and future prospects of industrial applications of isotopes in Bangladesh

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ionising radiation is used for quality assurance and quality control of many industrial products. Bangladesh is actively working on the industrial application of isotopes in the fields of non-destructive testing (NDT) of material, nuclear analytical technique, radiation technology, tracer technology through the participation in the UNDP/IAEA/RCA Project for Asia and the Pacific on the industrial application of isotopes and radiation technology. Bangladesh is developing NDT technology to such an extent and standard that the country is attaining self-reliance in this field for service and human resource development and the foreign dependence is becoming greatly reduced. Examples of recent achievements are given

  1. Business intelligence and performance management theory, systems and industrial applications

    CERN Document Server

    2013-01-01

    This book covers all the basic concepts of business intelligence and performance management including strategic support, business applications, methodologies and technologies from the field, and thoroughly explores the benefits, issues and challenges of each.

  2. Applications of thermal lens spectrometry in food industry and agriculture.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Franko, M.; Bicanic, D.; Gibkes, J.; Bremer, M.; Akkermans, E.

    1996-01-01

    Applications of CO laser dual beam thermal lens spectrometry (TLS) for detection and characterization of fatty acids, aldehydes, pesticides, and herbicides in liquid samples are described. Also reported is the first TLS measurement of thermal conductivity for oleic acid.

  3. Repetitive high energy pulsed power technology development for industrial applications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The technology base for Repetitive High Energy Pulsed Power (RHEPP) was originally developed to support defense program applications. As RHEPP technology matures, its potential for use in commercial applications can be explored based on inherent strengths of high average power, high dose rate, cost efficient scaling with power, and potential for long life performance. The 300 kW, 2 MeV RHEPP II accelerator is now in operation as a designated DOE User Facility, exploring applications where high dose-rate (> 108 Gy/s) may be advantageous, or very high average power is needed to meet throughput requirements. Material surface and bulk property modification, food safety, and large-scale timber disinfestation are applications presently under development. Work is also in progress to generate the reliability database required for the design of 2nd generation systems

  4. Pulsed power systems for environmental and industrial applications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Large treatment areas are possible with these systems because kilojoules of energy are available in each output pulse. These systems can use large area x-ray converters for applications requiring grater depth of penetration such as food pasteurization and waste treatment. The combined development of this class of accelerators and applications, and Sandia National Laboratories, is called Quantum Manufacturing. copyright American Institute of Physics 1994

  5. Industrial application of electron sources with plasma emitters

    CERN Document Server

    Belyuk, S I; Rempe, N G

    2001-01-01

    Paper contains a description, operation, design and parameters of electron sources with plasma emitters. One presents examples of application of these sources as part of automated electron-beam welding lines. Paper describes application of such sources for electron-beam deposition of composite powders. Electron-beam deposition is used to rebuild worn out part and to increase strength of new parts of machines and tools. Paper presents some examples of rebuilding part and the advantages gained in this case

  6. Progress in radiation application to industry and agriculture

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Utilization of radiation in Japan has been actively promoted by various agencies including the Takasaki Radiation Chemistry Research Establishment of JAERI (presently Japan Atomic Energy Agency: JAEA). The JAEA-Takasaki was established in April 1963 for the purpose of promoting research and development (R and D) activities with gamma rays and electron beams. The JAEA-Takasaki's activities were addressed principally to industry and agriculture. In Japan, purpose of utilization of radiation is aiming at increasing welfare and quality of life of our peoples. (author)

  7. Industrial, agricultural, and medical applications of radiation metrology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Photon and particle radiations (gamma rays, X-rays, bremsstrahlung, electrons and other charged particles, neutrons) from radioactive isotopes, X-ray tubes, and accelerators are now widely used in gauging, production control, and other monitoring and metrology devices where avoidance of mechanical contact is desirable. The general principles of radiation gauges, which rely on detection of radiation transmitted by the sample, or on detection of scattered or other secondary radiations produced in the sample, are discussed. Examples of such devices currently used in industrial, agricultural, and medical situations are presented, and some anticipated developments are mentioned. (author)

  8. Industrial applications of high-performance computing best global practices

    CERN Document Server

    Osseyran, Anwar

    2015-01-01

    ""This book gives a comprehensive and up-to-date overview of the rapidly expanding field of the industrial use of supercomputers. It is just a pleasure reading through informative country reports and in-depth case studies contributed by leading researchers in the field.""-Jysoo Lee, Principal Researcher, Korea Institute of Science and Technology Information""From telescopes to microscopes, from vacuums to hyperbaric chambers, from sonar waves to laser beams, scientists have perpetually strived to apply technology and invention to new frontiers of scientific advancement. Along the way, they hav

  9. Potential applications of process irradiation in Irish industry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dr. Mary Upton draws attention to the U.S.A. Food and Drugs Administration agreement to allow irradiation for fresh fruit and vegetables of up to one kilogray and of spices up to 30 kilograys. There is also the likelihood of favourable legislation in the U.K. later this year. The potential for Irish industry may well lie in the extension of shelf-life of poultry, fish, fruit and vegetables; salmonella eradication; control of sprouting in potatoes and onions; treatment of food additives such as spices and enzymes; the replacement of ethylene oxide or of ethylene dibromide as preservatives, residues of which are currently considered somewhat suspect for health reasons

  10. Stochastic Behaviour of Mistuned Stator Vane Sectors: An Industrial Application

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A.C. Sall

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Stator vanes which are found in axial compressors are subject to vibratory fatigue. Their division into monoblock sectors makes the prediction of their vibratory behaviour difficult by deterministic methods due to the loss of the cyclic symmetry properties and also to a high sensitivity to mistuning. The purpose is to present a robust calculation strategy based on a stochastic modelisation of the structure. The methodology has been developed first on a simplified model and then applied to an industrial case. Polynomial chaos based results are in good agreement with reference Monte Carlo simulations.

  11. Heat transfer simulation for industrial applications. Needs, limitations, expectations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The goal of this paper is to present a few problems and difficulties to which heat transfer engineers are confronted. Then, possible ways used to tackle these problems are exposed. The paper shows that in many occasions the approaches used are not completely satisfactory and that some aspects should be improved. It is also the opportunity to underline that even if turbulent heat transfer modelling is very important, from the industrial point of view, it represents often only one part of the problems which need to be addressed to perform a complete numerical simulation. (K.A.)

  12. Application of rupture disc safety device in nuclear industry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Conventional disc devices are used to protect pressure vessels against excess pressure. However, there are several limitations for conventional discs: they are prone to premature fatigue failure; on bursting, disc material is released into to discharge piping; the difference between the design burst pressure and the design work pressure of the protected vessel is too large, etc. These limitations have been avoided by the new reverse buckling disc devices, in which the compressive strength of the disc material is used to determine its bursting pressure. The new type reverse buckling discs have been used successfully in nuclear industry

  13. International Symposium on the Industrial Applications of the Mössbauer Effect

    CERN Document Server

    Kuzmann, E; ISIAME 2008

    2009-01-01

    Proceedings of the International Symposium on the Industrial Applications of the Mössbauer Effect (ISIAME 2008) held in Budapest, Hungary, 17-22 August 2008 E. Kuzmann and K. Lázár (Eds.) This book provides an excellent overview on the most recent results on the industrial applications of Mössbauer spectroscopy attained on the fields of nanotechnology, metallurgy, biotechnology and pharmaceutical industry, applied mineralogy, energy production industry (coal, oil, nuclear, solar, etc.), computer industry, space technology, electronic and magnetic devices technology, ion implantation technology, including topics like characterization of novel construction materials, electronic components and magnetic materials, composite materials, colloids, amorphous and nanophase materials, small particles, coatings, interfaces, thin films and multilayers, catalysis, corrosion, tribology, surface modification, hydrogen storage, ball milling, radiation effects, electrochemistry, batteries, etc. From the various reports a ...

  14. Cogeneration from poultry industry wastes: Indirectly fired gas turbine application

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The availability of wet biomass as waste from a lot of industrial processes, from agriculture and farms and the need to meet the environmental standards force to investigate all options in order to dispose this waste. The possible treatments usually strongly depend on biomass characteristics, namely water content, density, organic content, heating value, etc. In particular, some of these wastes can be burnt in special plants, using them as energy supply for different processes. The study carried out with this paper is concerned with the promising utilization of the organic wastes from an existing poultry industry as fuel. Different plant configurations have been considered in order to make use of the oil and of the meat and bone meal, which are the by-products of the chicken cooking process. In particular, the process plant can be integrated with an energy supply plant, which can consist of an indirectly fired gas turbine. Moreover, a steam turbine plant or a simplified system for the supply of the only technological steam are investigated and compared. Thermodynamic and economic analysis have been carried out for the examined configurations in order to outline the basic differences in terms of energy savings/production and of return of the investments

  15. THE APPLICATION OF THE JUST-IN-TIME PHILOSOPHY IN THE CHINESE CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Low Sui Pheng

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available The Just-in-Time (JIT philosophy originated from the Toyota Production System (TPS and has been used in the manufacturing industry for many decades. It has helped to increase the productivity of the industry and has also increased the quality of its products. In recent years, numerous studies in developed countries have endeavoured to introduce JIT in the construction industry to reap similar benefits. This study focused on applying JIT to the Chinese construction industry with the goal of improving its performance and thus its competitiveness. This paper discusses the current state of the Chinese construction industry; presents the potential impediments to implementing JIT; and proposes a framework for JIT implementation in the areas of design, procurement, construction and inspection. The results of this study suggest that government and educational institutions should play a key role in spearheading the application of JIT in the construction industry in China.

  16. Bacterial and Archaeal α-Amylases: Diversity and Amelioration of the Desirable Characteristics for Industrial Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mehta, Deepika; Satyanarayana, Tulasi

    2016-01-01

    Industrial enzyme market has been projected to reach US$ 6.2 billion by 2020. Major reasons for continuous rise in the global sales of microbial enzymes are because of increase in the demand for consumer goods and biofuels. Among major industrial enzymes that find applications in baking, alcohol, detergent, and textile industries are α-amylases. These are produced by a variety of microbes, which randomly cleave α-1,4-glycosidic linkages in starch leading to the formation of limit dextrins. α-Amylases from different microbial sources vary in their properties, thus, suit specific applications. This review focuses on the native and recombinant α-amylases from bacteria and archaea, their production and the advancements in the molecular biology, protein engineering and structural studies, which aid in ameliorating their properties to suit the targeted industrial applications. PMID:27516755

  17. Fiber optic interferometry for industrial process monitoring and control applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marcus, Michael A.

    2002-02-01

    Over the past few years we have been developing applications for a high-resolution (sub-micron accuracy) fiber optic coupled dual Michelson interferometer-based instrument. It is being utilized in a variety of applications including monitoring liquid layer thickness uniformity on coating hoppers, film base thickness uniformity measurement, digital camera focus assessment, optical cell path length assessment and imager and wafer surface profile mapping. The instrument includes both coherent and non-coherent light sources, custom application dependent optical probes and sample interfaces, a Michelson interferometer, custom electronics, a Pentium-based PC with data acquisition cards and LabWindows CVI or LabView based application specific software. This paper describes the development evolution of this instrument platform and applications highlighting robust instrument design, hardware, software, and user interfaces development. The talk concludes with a discussion of a new high-speed instrument configuration, which can be utilized for high speed surface profiling and as an on-line web thickness gauge.

  18. Study on the Application of PSA Method on Non-Nuclear Industry Facilities

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A preliminary study related to utilization of probabilistic method in non-nuclear industry facilities has been conducted The study has been performed by examining literature studies and results of research paper related to the topic. The objective of this study is to know how far the method, which is a standard in the nuclear industry, is applied in the non-nuclear fields. The PSA application in the non-nuclear process industry is mainly performed as risk management. The concept of risk management enables a systematic and realistic framework to be established for accident prevention as a whole process of hazard identification, risk estimation, risk evaluation, control measures establishment, its implementation. The most important part of this study is indeed the hazard identification and risk estimation in order to assess the consequences and to estimate event probability. The risk assessment methodology, which is also used in the probabilistic assessment of nuclear and non-nuclear industry, is performed both quantitatively and qualitatively approached by several technique analysis. Based on literature and research paper study, there are 3 main technique analysis, which can be applied in the risk management of non-nuclear industry, which are fault tree analysis (FTA), event tree analysis (ETA), and Hazard and Operability Studies (HAZOPS). The potential hazard arise in the non-nuclear process industry are flammability hazard; toxicity hazard; reactivity hazard; and elevated pressure hazard The fault tree analysis has been practically applied in the petroleum industry, chemical industry, and also other industry for improvement of safety installation by modification in the installation design or operation procedures. The event tree analysis has been applied only limited in the chemical process industry or other process industry. On the other application, HAZOPS technique can be combined with the event tree analysis with approach of accident scenario identification

  19. Precision FMCW short-range radar for industrial applications

    CERN Document Server

    Atayants, Boris A; Ezerskiy, Victor V; Eserskiy, Victor V

    2014-01-01

    This book describes methods for making accurate radar measurements of short distances in applications where physical contact with materials is impractical. Sources of error are identified, and methods of reducing these errors are described. Practical test procedures for measuring instruments are also provided. Much of the book is dedicated to providing radar engineers with practical applications, detailing the conditions, equipment, and approach of experimental estimation.With the help of computer simulation, the achievable advantages in accuracy of radar range measurement with various approac

  20. Review - 40 years of laser-marking - industrial applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gu, Bo

    2006-02-01

    One of the early applications of lasers was marking electronics components. Today laser marking has found its way into a wide range of applications, from wafer marking at the chip scale package level to beer bottles and food package identifications, and to marking of the cloth buttons. In many cases, laser marking has become a standard manufacturing process. We will review the laser marking technology over the last four decades. This would include the review on evolution of the different laser technologies and beam delivery systems used in various laser-marking systems for the past 40 years. Finally, the latest laser marking technologies will be presented and future directions be discussed.

  1. Application and development of Industrial Computed Tomography in China

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Compared with traditional perspective radiography, ICT (Industrial Computed Tomography) is able to acquire tomography image without the disadvantages of image overlapping and blurring that exist in traditional perspective radiography. By acquiring the 2D tomography image of the object at different stage as many as needed, it is possible to achieve 3D tomography image. In China, the first Γ-ray ICT equipment was born at Chongqing University in May 1993. For this equipment, 60Co radiation source with 1 Ci and 30 Ci was used, and spatial resolution is about 0.5mm, and density resolution is about 0.5%, and the diameter of the test object can be 300mm, but the price of the Chinese ICT equipment is only about a half on the same type of ICT equipment producing abroad other than China. Besides Γ-ray ICT, Chinese are engaging in research and develop x-ray ICT to meet foreign and domestic need. (author)

  2. Radiation protection in the application of ionizing radiation in industry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    There is a substantial increase in the use of ionizing radiation in industry throughout the country especially in the last five years or so. With this growth in the number of users and activity of sources used, and together with the introduction of the new Atomic Energy Licensing Act (AELA) in 1984, the question of radiation safety and protection of workers and members of the public in general, can no longer be taken lightly. It has to be dealt with effectively. In this paper, a general discussion and clarification on certain practical aspects of radiation protection as recommended by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) is presented. Amongst the topics chosen are those on area monitoring, personnel monitoring, leak testing of sealed sources and training of personnel. Also presented in the paper is a brief discussion about UTN's experience in giving out radiation protection services to various agencies throughout the country. (author)

  3. A tomographic gamma-ray scanner for industrial applications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An experimental computerised tomographic (CT) gamma-ray scanner is being developed for the non-destructive testing of industrial objects. A micro-computer controlled traversing system steps the test object across a collimated gamma-ray beam the transmitted intensity of which is measured by a NaI(Tl) detector for a large number of beam paths both through the object and the surrounding air. These data are used to reconstruct an image of the scanned section in terms of a two-dimensional distribution of linear attenuation coefficients at the gamma-ray energy used. A 100 mCi 241AM source of 59.6 keV gamma-rays has been used initially in order to compare the performance with medical CT X-ray scanners. (orig.)

  4. Application of imperialist competitive optimization algorithm in power industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Shahrazad

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available In future electricity industry transferring high quality of power is essential. In this case, using Flexible AC Transmission System (FACTS devices is inevitable. FACTS devices are used for controlling the voltage, stability, power flow and security of transmission lines. Therefore, finding the optimal locations for these devices in power networks is necessary. There are several varieties of FACTS devices with different characteristics, deployed for different purposes. Imperialist Competitive (IC algorithm is a recently developed optimization technique, applied in power systems. IC algorithm is a new heuristic approach for global optimization searches based on the concept of imperialistic competition. In this paper, an IEEE 4-bus system is deployed as a case study in order to demonstrate the results of this novel approach using MATLAB.

  5. Spectroscopy for Industrial Applications: High-Temperature Processes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fateev, Alexander; Grosch, Helge; Clausen, Sønnik;

    The continuous development of the spectroscopic databases brings new perspectives in the environmental and industrial on-line process control, monitoring and stimulates further optical sensor developments. This is because no calibration gases are needed and, in general, temperature......-dependent spectral absorption features gases of interest fora specic instrument can in principle be calculated by knowing only the gas temperature and pressure in the process under investigation/monitoring. The latest HITRAN-2012 database contains IR/UV spectral data for 47 molecules and it is still growing. However...... use of HITRAN is limited to low-temperature processes (< 400 K) and therefore can be used for absorption spectra calculations at limited temperature/pressure ranges. For higher temperatures, the HITEMP-2010 database is available. Only a few molecules CO2, H2O, CO and NO are those of interest for e...

  6. Radiation and applications: Technical innovation made by industrial irradiation procedures

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The innovation represented by irradiation as a means of industrial process technology lies in the very special way in which energy is introduced into some object in which it initiates reactions. This is based on the penetrating capability of ionizing radiation, which can produce reactive species, especially radicals, inside an object without requiring the whole object to be subjected to such conditions as, e.g., high temperatures or pressures, which would otherwise be needed to initiate the corresponding reactions. This unique advantage of triggering off reactions by means of ionizing radiation results in possibilities of process technology no other procedure can offer. An aspect becoming more and more important is the possibility to replace expensive materials hard to process by cheaper materials brought into a specific form more easily. Irradiation processes can assign to these materials at least some of the properties and combinations of properties, respectively, of higher-grade materials. (orig.)

  7. Industrial applications for remote operation in a processing plant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the first part of this article, J. Hermier covers the use of remote handling equipment in the UP2-400 plant at La Hague near Cherbourg, in which for the most part master/slave mechanism remote handling units are used with a number of these employed in daily processing operations. As regards this subject, it is useful to remember that, at the time of the designing of this plant (UP2-400), this was the only equipment available on the market with remote-controlled remote handling equipment. In the second part, before speaking about the development of remote operation equipment in the plants now under construction and attempting to project what might be the remote operation role in future plants, R. Le Guennec reviews the problems faced by engineering in designing industrial-sized processing plants and, consequently, the motivations of engineering when faced with a choice between several possible solutions

  8. Throughput Maximization for Wireless Multimedia Sensor Networks in Industrial Applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.Markco

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available n recent years, there has been growing interests in wireless sensor networks. Wireless sensor network is an autonomous system of sensor connected by wireless devices without any fixed infrastructure support. To meet the challenge paradigms of wireless sensor networks like Energy efficiency, Delay constraints, Reliability and adaptive mechanis m the sensor nodes are enhanced with multimedia support. The Wireless multimedia sensor nodes (WMSN enable to streamline the data that will control and monitor the industrial activities within the sensing area. The adaptive sleepless protocol will address the following issues: First, this protocol mainly designed for desired packet delivery and delay probabilities while reducing the energy consumption of the network. Second, this protocol is based on demand based dynamic sleep scheduling scheme for data communication. In this packets are transmitted through the cross layer interaction. In this cross layer interaction enables to reach a maximum efficiency.

  9. Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans metabolism: from genome sequence to industrial applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Blake Robert

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans is a major participant in consortia of microorganisms used for the industrial recovery of copper (bioleaching or biomining. It is a chemolithoautrophic, γ-proteobacterium using energy from the oxidation of iron- and sulfur-containing minerals for growth. It thrives at extremely low pH (pH 1–2 and fixes both carbon and nitrogen from the atmosphere. It solubilizes copper and other metals from rocks and plays an important role in nutrient and metal biogeochemical cycling in acid environments. The lack of a well-developed system for genetic manipulation has prevented thorough exploration of its physiology. Also, confusion has been caused by prior metabolic models constructed based upon the examination of multiple, and sometimes distantly related, strains of the microorganism. Results The genome of the type strain A. ferrooxidans ATCC 23270 was sequenced and annotated to identify general features and provide a framework for in silico metabolic reconstruction. Earlier models of iron and sulfur oxidation, biofilm formation, quorum sensing, inorganic ion uptake, and amino acid metabolism are confirmed and extended. Initial models are presented for central carbon metabolism, anaerobic metabolism (including sulfur reduction, hydrogen metabolism and nitrogen fixation, stress responses, DNA repair, and metal and toxic compound fluxes. Conclusion Bioinformatics analysis provides a valuable platform for gene discovery and functional prediction that helps explain the activity of A. ferrooxidans in industrial bioleaching and its role as a primary producer in acidic environments. An analysis of the genome of the type strain provides a coherent view of its gene content and metabolic potential.

  10. Real-time multi-barcode reader for industrial applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zafar, Iffat; Zakir, Usman; Edirisinghe, Eran A.

    2010-05-01

    The advances in automated production processes have resulted in the need for detecting, reading and decoding 2D datamatrix barcodes at very high speeds. This requires the correct combination of high speed optical devices that are capable of capturing high quality images and computer vision algorithms that can read and decode the barcodes accurately. Such barcode readers should also be capable of resolving fundamental imaging challenges arising from blurred barcode edges, reflections from possible polyethylene wrapping, poor and/or non-uniform illumination, fluctuations of focus, rotation and scale changes. Addressing the above challenges in this paper we propose the design and implementation of a high speed multi-barcode reader and provide test results from an industrial trial. To authors knowledge such a comprehensive system has not been proposed and fully investigated in existing literature. To reduce the reflections on the images caused due to polyethylene wrapping used in typical packaging, polarising filters have been used. The images captured using the optical system above will still include imperfections and variations due to scale, rotation, illumination etc. We use a number of novel image enhancement algorithms optimised for use with 2D datamatrix barcodes for image de-blurring, contrast point and self-shadow removal using an affine transform based approach and non-uniform illumination correction. The enhanced images are subsequently used for barcode detection and recognition. We provide experimental results from a factory trial of using the multi-barcode reader and evaluate the performance of each optical unit and computer vision algorithm used. The results indicate an overall accuracy of 99.6 % in barcode recognition at typical speeds of industrial conveyor systems.

  11. Chitin and chitosan as functional biopolymers for industrial applications

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    kardas, I.; Struzczyk, M.H.; Kucharska, M.; Broek, van den L.A.M.; Dam, van J.E.G.

    2012-01-01

    Chitin research and development seems to be under intensive progress during the last years. Attractive properties of chitin and its derivative—chitosan, for example, biological behavior, and development of their applications caused increased interest of scientists and companies. More and more practi

  12. Priming ammonia lyases and aminomutases for industrial and therapeutic applications

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Heberling, Matthew M.; Wu, Bian; Bartsch, Sebastian; Janssen, Dick B.; Truppo, Matthew D.; Turner, Nicholas J.

    2013-01-01

    Ammonia lyases (AL) and aminomutases (AM) are emerging in green synthetic routes to chiral amines and an AL is being explored as an enzyme therapeutic for treating phenylketonuria and cancer. Although the restricted substrate range of the wild-type enzymes limits their widespread application, the no

  13. Applications of engineering simulators in the nuclear power industry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full-scope replica operator training simulators, when designed and built to conserve the plant design database, can provide ideal testbeds for the growing number of Information Technology systems being proposed for nuclear power stations. An appropriate simulator design philosophy and some sample applications used during the Torness nuclear power station commissioning are described. (author)

  14. Industrial Heat Pump for a High Temperature District Heating Application

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Poulsen, Claus Nørgaard

    2013-01-01

    Domestic heat pumps for shallow geothermal heating of family houses are popular and the range and supply of standard solutions is large. However, in applications for large capacities and temperatures, like district heating in the mega Watt range, standard solutions for high temperatures are scarce...

  15. 36 CFR 28.13 - Variance, commercial and industrial application procedures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Variance, commercial and... Approval of Local Ordinances § 28.13 Variance, commercial and industrial application procedures. (a) The zoning authority shall send the Superintendent a copy of all applications for variances,...

  16. Industrial Application of Topology Optimization for Combined Conductive and Convective Heat Transfer Problems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zhou, Mingdong; Alexandersen, Joe; Sigmund, Ole;

    2016-01-01

    This paper presents an industrial application of topology optimization for combined conductive and convective heat transfer problems. The solution is based on a synergy of computer aided design and engineering software tools from Dassault Systemes. The considered physical problem of steady...... conceptual design proposals. Several design examples with verication results are presented to demonstrate the applicability....

  17. New Chiral Ligands:From Fundamental Research to Potential Industrial Applications

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Albert S. C. Chan

    2004-01-01

    Asymmetric catalysis is one of the most extensively studied areas in chemistry over the past three decades. In this presentation we will discuss the new advancements in the design,synthesis, and application of chiral ligands used for catalytic reactions in our laboratory. Particular emphasis will be placed on new, highly efficient synthetic methodologies and their potential industrial applications.

  18. The role of neutron activation analysis technique Ex Industrial applications using the egyptian research reactor facilities

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report covers several papers which deal with the industrial applications of the Neutron Activation Analysis Technique (NAAT) in Egypt. The applications include: exploration, mining, industrial environment and multielemental analysis of different materials, just for quality control, optimization, safety uses and help in improving the efficiency and economic evaluation. The technique principles, instrumentation, neutron irradiation facilities and experience of analysis are reviewed. Also, the current research activities using the ET-RR-1 facilities as well as a proposal for cold neutron applications in this field on the ET-RR-2 are given

  19. Present status and future trends of industrial radioisotopes application in Sudan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Radioisotopes continue to play an important role in better management of natural resources, industrial growth and environmental preservation. The success of radioisotope applications is due primarily to the ability, conferred by the unique properties of radioactive materials, to collect data, where conventional methods fail or become uneconomical. These are prompt, on-line, in-situ and do not disturb the main industrial process in any way. In Sudan, the application of these nuclear techniques has considerable economic and environmental impact. This paper casts light on the present application of radioisotopes and future trends in the country.(Author)

  20. Estimating the potential for solar thermal applications in the industrial process heat market 1990-2030

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper reports the results of a preliminary evaluation of the potential domestic market for solar thermal energy supply technologies matched to industrial process heat applications. The study estimates current and projects future industrial process heat demand to the year 2030 by two-digit standard industrial classification code for the manufacturing industrial sector and discusses the potential to displace conventional fossil fuel sources such as natural gas with alternative sources of supply. The PC Industrial Model, used by DOE's Energy Information Administration in support of the National Energy Strategy (NES) is used for forecast industrial energy demand. Demand is disaggregated by census region to account for geographic variations in solar insolation, and by heat medium and temperature to facilitate end-use matching with appropriate solar energy supply technologies. Levelized energy costs (LEC) are calculated for flat plate collectors for low- temperature preheat applications, parabolic troughs for intermediate temperature process steam and direct heat, and parabolic dish technologies for high-temperature, direct heat applications. LEC is also developed for a conventional natural gas-fueled Industrial Process Heat (IPH) supply source assuming natural gas price escalation consistent with NES forecasts to develop a relative figure of merit used in a market penetration model

  1. Applications of nuclear technology in industry, environment and medicine

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This article contains information on different applications of nuclear technology, such as: sterilization of single use medical products, radiation serialization of pharmaceutical products,radiation treatment of disposable products, in Europe, radiation treatment of micro-titer plates, several crosslinking processes, radiation vulcanization of natural rubber latex, irradiation of polymers to obtain dressings for burns, ulcers bedsores and skin grafts, production of ground water with accelerated electrons in combination with accelerated electrons in combination with ozone, radiation treatment of hospital wastes. (S. Grainger)

  2. Application of radioisotopes in oil, gas and petrochemical industries

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The fundaments and the methodology of the principal radioisotope techniques used in the construction and operation of oil-pipes are described. These techniques deal with gamma radiography of weids, scraper tracking, leak localization in underground pipes and interface detection. The practical use of the mathematical formulas deduced during the theoretical treatment of each method is illustrated through several examples of application. A proceeding for the design of an interface detector based on gamma ray attenuation is presented

  3. Radiotracers applications for industrial troubleshooting and process optimization

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The radiotracer techniques are well established and widely used for detection of blockages and leaks in different systems, residence time distribution investigations, mixing studies, corrosion measurements, efficient management of oil wells and management of ports. In most of the situations they do not have any equivalent and competing alternatives. High economic benefits are achieved from the application of the radiotracer techniques to leak detection and location

  4. High-resolution spectroscopy of gases for industrial applications

    OpenAIRE

    Fateev, Alexander; Clausen, Sønnik

    2012-01-01

    High-resolution spectroscopy of gases is a powerful technique which has various fundamental and practical applications: in situ simultaneous measurements of gas temperature and gas composition, radiative transfer modeling, validation of existing and developing of new databases and etc. Existing databases (e.g. HITRAN, HITEMP or CDSD) can normally be used for absorption spectra calculations at limited temperature/pressure ranges. Therefore experimental measurements of absorption/transmission s...

  5. Industrial and environmental applications of nuclear analytical techniques. Report of a workshop

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The IAEA has programme the utilisation of nuclear analytical techniques (NATs), in particular for industrial and environmental applications. A major purpose is to help the developing Member States apply their analytical capabilities optimally for socio-economic progress and development. A large number of institutions in Europe, Africa, Latin America and Asia have established X ray fluorescence (XRF) and gamma ray measurement techniques and facilities for neutron activation analysis (NAA) have been initiated in institutions in these regions. Moreover, there is a growing interest among many institutes in applying more advanced analytical techniques, such as particle induced X ray emission (PIXE) and microanalytical techniques based on X ray emission induced by conventional sources or synchrotron radiation to the analysis of environmental and biological materials and industrial products. In order to define new areas of application of NATs and to extend the range of these techniques, a number of initiatives have recently been taken. It includes a workshop on industrial and environmental applications of nuclear analytical techniques, organized by the IAEA in Vienna, 7-11 September 1998. The main objectives of the workshop were as follows: (1) to review recent applications of NATs in industrial and environmental studies; (2) to identify emerging trends in methodologies and applications of NATs; (3) to demonstrate analytical capabilities of selected NATs. The following topics were reviewed during the workshop: (1) XRF and accelerator based analytical techniques; (2) portable XRF systems and their applications in industry, mineral prospecting and processing, (3) portable gamma ray spectrometers; and (4) NAA and its applications in industry and environmental studies. Micro-XRF and micro-PIXE methods and their applications in the above fields were also discussed, including aspects of synchrotron radiation induced X ray emission

  6. Traceability in the pharmaceutical industry: application to radiopharmaceutical production

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The development of tools to promote the traceability of the drugs in the pharmaceutical industry during all the production chain is a necessary requisite. The traceability system is applied to enable the identification of the origin, destination and exact location of the drug. Traceability optimizes the process chain, reduces errors, is a requirement for quality process, promotes safety for the user and assists in pharmacovigilance. The health regulatory agency in Brazil (ANVISA) will implement a tracking system for medicaments with RDC no. 59 of 2009, to control distribution since the producer until the patients in order to prevent the traffic and adulteration of drugs. Thus, this study discusses the importance and impact of the new traceability system proposed by ANVISA in the production and distribution of radiopharmaceuticals from the Nuclear and Energy Research Institute (IPEN-CNEN). The radiopharmaceuticals have a difference track when compared with another drug classes. In this context, this RDC would increase the price of the medicines by up to 10%, since it provides deployment of a single stamp supplied by the Mint. Considering that radiopharmaceuticals are not sold to the final consumer (patients), but only for accredited medical clinics and nuclear medicine physicians, and the transport of radiopharmaceuticals is performed by specialized companies licensed by CNEN (National Nuclear Energy Commission), the use of the stamp to ensure authenticity and prevent falsification should not be appropriated and represents and additional cost for the radiopharmaceuticals. (author)

  7. Traceability in the pharmaceutical industry: application to radiopharmaceutical production

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zanette, Camila; Melero, Laura T.U.H.; Araujo, Elaine B. de; Mengatti, Jair; Silva, Katia S. de S., E-mail: czanette@usp.br [Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares, (IPEN/CNEN-SP), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)

    2011-07-01

    The development of tools to promote the traceability of the drugs in the pharmaceutical industry during all the production chain is a necessary requisite. The traceability system is applied to enable the identification of the origin, destination and exact location of the drug. Traceability optimizes the process chain, reduces errors, is a requirement for quality process, promotes safety for the user and assists in pharmacovigilance. The health regulatory agency in Brazil (ANVISA) will implement a tracking system for medicaments with RDC no. 59 of 2009, to control distribution since the producer until the patients in order to prevent the traffic and adulteration of drugs. Thus, this study discusses the importance and impact of the new traceability system proposed by ANVISA in the production and distribution of radiopharmaceuticals from the Nuclear and Energy Research Institute (IPEN-CNEN). The radiopharmaceuticals have a difference track when compared with another drug classes. In this context, this RDC would increase the price of the medicines by up to 10%, since it provides deployment of a single stamp supplied by the Mint. Considering that radiopharmaceuticals are not sold to the final consumer (patients), but only for accredited medical clinics and nuclear medicine physicians, and the transport of radiopharmaceuticals is performed by specialized companies licensed by CNEN (National Nuclear Energy Commission), the use of the stamp to ensure authenticity and prevent falsification should not be appropriated and represents and additional cost for the radiopharmaceuticals. (author)

  8. Radiation protection optimisation techniques and their application in industry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lefaure, C

    1996-12-31

    Since the International Commission on Radiation Protection (ICRP) recommendation 60, the optimisation principle appears to be the core of the radiation protection system. In practice applying it, means implementing an approach both predictive and evolutionary - that relies essentially on a prudent and responsible state of mind. the formal expression of this process, called optimization procedure, implies and indispensable tool for its implementation: the system of monetary values for the unit of collective dose. During the last few years, feed ALARA principle means that a global work management approach must be adopted, considering together all factors contributing to radiation dose. In the nuclear field, the ALARA approach appears to be more successful when implemented in the framework of a managerial approach through structure ALARA programmes. Outside the nuclear industry it is necessary to clearly define priorities through generic optimisation studies and ALARA audits. At the international level much efforts remain to be done to expand efficiently the ALARA process to internal exposure as well as to public exposure. (author) 2 graphs, 5 figs., 3 tabs.

  9. Radiation protection optimisation techniques and their application in industry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Since the International Commission on Radiation Protection (ICRP) recommendation 60, the optimisation principle appears to be the core of the radiation protection system. In practice applying it, means implementing an approach both predictive and evolutionary - that relies essentially on a prudent and responsible state of mind. the formal expression of this process, called optimization procedure, implies and indispensable tool for its implementation: the system of monetary values for the unit of collective dose. During the last few years, feed ALARA principle means that a global work management approach must be adopted, considering together all factors contributing to radiation dose. In the nuclear field, the ALARA approach appears to be more successful when implemented in the framework of a managerial approach through structure ALARA programmes. Outside the nuclear industry it is necessary to clearly define priorities through generic optimisation studies and ALARA audits. At the international level much efforts remain to be done to expand efficiently the ALARA process to internal exposure as well as to public exposure. (author)

  10. WIRELESS CONTROL SYSTEM: DESIGN, DEVELOPMENT AND APPLICATION ON INDUSTRIAL BOILER

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gerardo Cázarez-Ayala

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper has as objective to describe the design and development of a control unit with capacity to communicate with similar others units in a wireless and wired way, this with the finality of achieve to develop a powerful control unit, useful, flexible and cheap, through it be possible the implementation of distributed control systems in a wireless and wired way based in advance network topologies, like star, cluster tree and mesh, in function of the diverse communication technologies that in these times are manage in the industry process automation field and having as reference the most novelties and promising advantages of the last technologies available in the international market. The system includes a software communication driver; develop to operate in the control unit and the PC level. This driver was implemented in two layers structure, the first one, was develop under the platform of the microcontroller based the electronic board implemented, an ATmega 328 microcontroller with an Arduino bootloader. The second layer of the driver is based in LabVIEW platform under Windows operating system, and this work in a personal computer. All this, with the main objective of to prove to the user a technology tool to develop task communication between the control units network and the control room and do easier the implementation of the network communications and graphical users interfaces GUI ́s, and transparent for the developer of the system or the programmer of the network.

  11. Vibration-based condition monitoring industrial, aerospace and automotive applications

    CERN Document Server

    Randall, Robert Bond

    2010-01-01

    ""Without doubt the best modern and up-to-date text on the topic, wirtten by one of the world leading experts in the field. Should be on the desk of any practitioner or researcher involved in the field of Machine Condition Monitoring"" Simon Braun, Israel Institute of Technology Explaining complex ideas in an easy to understand way, Vibration-based Condition Monitoring provides a comprehensive survey of the application of vibration analysis to the condition monitoring of machines. Reflecting the natural progression of these systems by presenting the fundamental material

  12. High-resolution spectroscopy of gases for industrial applications

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fateev, Alexander; Clausen, Sønnik

    High-resolution spectroscopy of gases is a powerful technique which has various fundamental and practical applications: in situ simultaneous measurements of gas temperature and gas composition, radiative transfer modeling, validation of existing and developing of new databases and etc. Existing...... analysis of complex experimental data and further development of the databases. High-temperature gas cell facilities available at DTU Chemical Engineering are presented and described. The gas cells and high-resolution spectrometers allow us to perform high-quality reference measurements of gases relevant...

  13. Production, properties, and industrial food application of lactic acid bacteria-derived exopolysaccharides.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zannini, Emanuele; Waters, Deborah M; Coffey, Aidan; Arendt, Elke K

    2016-02-01

    Exopolysaccharides (EPS)-producing lactic acid bacteria (LAB) are industrially important microorganisms in the development of functional food products and are used as starter cultures or coadjutants to develop fermented foods. There is large variability in EPS production by LAB in terms of chemical composition, quantity, molecular size, charge, presence of side chains, and rigidity of the molecules. The main body of the review will cover practical aspects concerning the structural diversity structure of EPS, and their concrete application in food industries is reported in details. To strengthen the food application and process feasibility of LAB EPS at industrial level, a future academic research should be combined with industrial input to understand the technical shortfalls that EPS can address. PMID:26621802

  14. Nuclear energy in industry: application to oil production

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Canada's commitment, via the Kyoto Protocol, to reduce carbon dioxide emissions poses some interesting challenges. New ways of undertaking activities to reduce emissions, while maintaining our standard of living, is the desired end goal. Canada has vast reserves of oil in its tar sands deposits in northern Alberta. These are world scale deposits relative to known conventional oil reserves and will play an important role in the world's economy in years to come. Substantial energy is required to extract the oil and upgrade it into usable products. This energy is currently derived from fossil fuels and releases of carbon dioxide are a consequence. Additionally, hydrogen may be produced as a material component used to upgrade the oil. This hydrogen is currently produced by reforming of methane to remove the hydrogen component which also produces carbon dioxide which is generally discarded. This paper examines a relatively new extraction and processing concept (Steam Assisted Gravity Drainage) which can use steam and electricity from CANDU reactors and also produces oxygen, and heavy water. These products, in turn, can be used to increase energy production while reducing carbon dioxide emissions. The paper focuses on the magnitude of carbon dioxide emission avoidance which is anticipated based on data from current and projected projects. The paper reviews the current status of development of the oil sands industry and projects carbon dioxide emissions which would be expected if current extraction and upgrading techniques are continued. The scope of a project using a CANDU nuclear reactor as an alternate energy source to produce steam and hydrogen for upgrading is outlined. It is concluded that the carbon dioxide emissions that could be avoided by deployment of nuclear energy powered oil sands projects would be a substantial fraction of Canada's emission reduction goals for Kyoto. (author)

  15. Nuclear energy in industry : application to oil production

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Canada's commitment, via the Kyoto Protocol, to reduce carbon dioxide emissions poses some interesting challenges. New ways of undertaking activities to reduce emissions, while maintaining our standard of living, is the desired end goal. Canada has vast reserves of oil in its tar sands deposits in northern Alberta. These are world scale deposits relative to known conventional oil reserves and will play an important role in the world's economy in years to come. Substantial energy is required to extract the oil and upgrade it into usable products. This energy is currently derived from fossil fuels and releases of carbon dioxide are a consequence. Additionally, hydrogen may be produced as a material component used to upgrade the oil. This hydrogen is currently produced by reforming of methane to remove the hydrogen component which also produces carbon dioxide which is generally discarded. This paper examines a relatively new extraction and processing concept (Steam Assisted Gravity Drainage) which can use steam and electricity from CANDU reactors and also produces oxygen, and heavy water. These products, in turn, can be used to increase energy production while reducing carbon dioxide emissions. The paper focuses on the magnitude of carbon dioxide emission avoidance which is anticipated based on data from current and projected projects. The paper reviews the current status of development of the oil sands industry and projects carbon dioxide emissions which would be expected if current extraction and upgrading techniques are continued. The scope of a project using a CANDU nuclear reactor as an alternate energy source to produce steam and hydrogen for upgrading is outlined. It is concluded that the carbon dioxide emissions that could be avoided by deployment of nuclear energy powered oil sands projects would be a substantial fraction of Canada's emission reduction goals for Kyoto. (author)

  16. Nanotechnology research and development for military and industrial applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruffin, Paul B.; Brantley, Christina L.; Edwards, Eugene; Roberts, J. Keith; Chew, William; Warren, Larry C.; Ashley, Paul R.; Everitt, Henry O.; Webster, Eric; Foreman, John V.; Sanghadasa, Mohan; Crutcher, Sihon H.; Temmen, Mark G.; Varadan, Vijay; Hayduke, Devlin; Wu, Pae C.; Khoury, Christopher G.; Yang, Yang; Kim, Tong-Ho; Vo-Dinh, Tuan; Brown, April S.; Callahan, John

    2011-04-01

    Researchers at the Army Aviation and Missile Research, Development, and Engineering Center (AMRDEC) have initiated multidiscipline efforts to develop nano-based structures and components for insertion into advanced missile, aviation, and autonomous air and ground systems. The objective of the research is to exploit unique phenomena for the development of novel technology to enhance warfighter capabilities and produce precision weapons. The key technology areas that the authors are exploring include nano-based microsensors, nano-energetics, nano-batteries, nano-composites, and nano-plasmonics. By integrating nano-based devices, structures, and materials into weaponry, the Army can revolutionize existing (and future) missile systems by significantly reducing the size, weight and cost. The major research thrust areas include the development of chemical sensors to detect rocket motor off-gassing and toxic industrial chemicals; the development of highly sensitive/selective, self-powered miniaturized acoustic sensors for battlefield surveillance and reconnaissance; the development of a minimum signature solid propellant with increased ballistic and physical properties that meet insensitive munitions requirements; the development of nano-structured material for higher voltage thermal batteries and higher energy density storage; the development of advanced composite materials that provide high frequency damping for inertial measurement units' packaging; and the development of metallic nanostructures for ultraviolet surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy. The current status of the overall AMRDEC Nanotechnology research efforts is disclosed in this paper. Critical technical challenges, for the various technologies, are presented. The authors' approach for overcoming technical barriers and achieving required performance is also discussed. Finally, the roadmap for each technology, as well as the overall program, is presented.

  17. Multi-scale radiographic applications in microelectronic industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gluch, J.; Löffler, M.; Meyendorf, N.; Oppermann, M.; Röllig, M.; Sättler, P.; Wolter, K. J.; Zschech, E.

    2016-02-01

    New concepts in assembly technology boost our daily life in an unknown way. High end semiconductor industry today deals with functional structures down to a few nanometers. ITRS roadmap predicts an ongoing decrease of the "DRAM half pitch" over the next decade. Packaging of course is not intended to realize pitches at the nanometer scale, but has to face the challenges of integrating such semiconductor devices with smallest pitch and high pin counts into systems. System integration (SiP, SoP, Hetero System Integration etc.) into the third dimension is the only way to reduce the gap between semiconductor level and packaging level interconnection. The described development is mainly driven by communication technology but also other branches like power electronics benefit from the vast progress in integration and assembly technology. The challenge of advanced packaging requires new nondestructive evaluation (NDE) techniques for technology development and production control. In power electronics production the condition monitoring receives a lot of interest to avoid electrical shortcuts, dead solder joints and interface cracking. It is also desired to detect and characterize very small defects like transportation phenomenon or Kirkendall voids. For this purpose imaging technologies with resolutions in the sub-micron range are required. Our presentation discusses the potentials and the limits of X-ray NDE techniques, illustrated by crack observation in solder joints, evaluation of micro vias in PCBs and interposers and the investigation of solder material composition and other aftermaths of electro migration in solder joints. Applied radiographic methods are X-ray through transmission, multi-energy techniques, laminography, CT and nano-CT.

  18. Remote Sensing Application in Oil and Gas Industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sizov, Oleg; Aloltsov, Alexander; Rubtsova, Natalia

    2014-05-01

    The main environmental problems of the Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug (a federal subject of Russia) related to the activities of oil and gas industry (82 active companies which hold 77,000 oil wells). As on the 1st of January 2013 the subject produces more than 50% of all oil in Russia. The principle of environmental responsibility makes it necessary to minimize human impact and ecological impact. One of the most effective tools for environmental monitoring is remote sensing. The main advantages of such approach are: wide coverage of areas of interest, high temporal resolution, precise location, automatic processing, large set of extracted parameters, etc. Authorities of KhMAO are interested in regular detection of the impact on the environment by processing satellite data and plan to increase the coverage from 434.9 to 659.9 square kilometers with resolution not less than 10 m/pixel. Years of experience of our company shows the significant potential to expand the use of such remote sensing data in the solution of environmental problems. The main directions are: monitoring of rational use of associated petroleum gas (detection of all gas flares and volumes of burned gas), monitoring of soil pollution (detection of areas of oil pollution, assess of the extent of pollution, planning of reclamation activities and assessment of their efficiency, detection of potential areas of pipelines corrosion), monitoring of status of sludge pits (inventory of all sludge pits, assessment of their liquidation), monitoring of technogenic impact (detection of changes), upgrading of a geospatial database (topographic map of not less than 1:50000 scale). Implementation of modeling, extrapolation and remote analysis techniques based on satellite images will help to reduce unnecessary costs for instrumental methods. Thus, the introduction of effective remote monitoring technology to the activity of oil and gas companies promotes environmental responsibility of these companies.

  19. Application of membrane technologies in the pharmaceutical industry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sirkar, K K

    2000-11-01

    Membrane technologies are increasingly becoming useful components of pharmaceutical production processes. For some time, membrane separation technologies of reverse osmosis, ultrafiltration and microfiltration have been used to concentrate and purify both small and large molecules. More recent applications of membrane technologies cover a broad range of separation, concentration and purification needs. For example, pharmaceutical waste streams can be treated by nanofiltration or pervaporation to detoxify them and/or reduce the volume of waste requiring incineration. Solvent vapors can be removed/recovered from nitrogen/air emission by vapor permeation. Enantiomeric/ other isomeric mixtures can be separated by liquid membranes or membrane-based multi-phase extractive enzymatic resolution. Nanofiltration or pervaporation can be used to enhance synthesis reaction conversion. High performance tangential flow filtration can be used to fractionate protein mixtures whose molecular used to integrate clarification and chromatographic processes for downstream processing of biomolecules. This review attempts to provide a perspective of these developments in laboratories, pilot plants and commercial applications. PMID:19649899

  20. Overall equipment effectiveness: application in a company in the drinks Manaus industrial sector

    OpenAIRE

    Cristiane Fátima Cavalcante Raposo

    2011-01-01

    The Overall Equipment Effectiveness (OEE) is an indicator used as a management and continuous improvement of machinery and equipment, useful to identify losses, thus reducing production costs. In order to examine in more detail the application of OEE in the production system of a company in the beverage industry of the Industrial Pole of Manaus, was performed by means of literature search and descriptive, and using the case study method, a remark in the production system of the company Alfa, ...

  1. Development of an integrated solar-fossil powered steam generation system for industrial applications

    OpenAIRE

    Hafner, Bernd; Stoppok, Olaf; Zahler, Christian; Berger, Michael; Hennecke, Klaus; Krüger, Dirk

    2013-01-01

    To this day solar technologies do not cover a significant share of the industrial steam demand, despite the fact that concentrating solar collectors are market available, are well capable of reaching the required operating temperatures, and are able to generate steam directly. In addition to the low cost of fossil fuels and emission permits, other reasons for the slow market penetration of solar thermal technologies for industrial process heat applications are the lack of awareness within ind...

  2. Modernization Magnitude: An Interval Measure Applicable to Post- and Pre-Industrial Societies

    OpenAIRE

    Denton, Trevor D.

    2008-01-01

    An interval measure of modernization is devised, applicable to pre- and post-industrial societies. The modernization of a society denotes the recency of its form of social organization in human (pre-)history. Murdock and Provost’ (1973) ordinal markers of pre-industrial modernization are updated to be interval measures observable today. The recency (in years) of marker gradations is not currently observable in prehistory, but marker gradations are observable in databases such as the pre-indus...

  3. The world is what you make it: an application of virtual reality to the tourism industry

    OpenAIRE

    Horan, Patrick P

    1997-01-01

    The tourism industry is a highly information intensive-industiy. In few other areas of activity are the generation, gathering, processing, application and communication of information as important for dayto- day operations as they are for the tourism industry (Buhalis 1994). Traditional sources of tourism information, images, text, sound, animation and video, provide potential tourists with short and often rather limited glimpses of tourism destinations which may be inadequate to ...

  4. Manufacture of Near Net Shaped 3- Dimensional Components for Industrial Applications

    OpenAIRE

    Kennedy, David; Brosnan, Donal

    2005-01-01

    The development of near net shape 3-Dimensional products for industrial applications has been one main goal for Manufacturing Industries over the last few decades. Processes such as polymer blow moulding and its various stages of development, glass forming, extrusion, forging, centrifugal and sand casting, bulge forming and vacuum forming are typical processes that have contributed to this development. Current practices centre on Surface coatings, Rapid Prototyping, laser forming and nanotech...

  5. Laser Sensing for Quality Control and Classification – Applications for the Food Industry, Ecology and Medicine

    OpenAIRE

    Lundin, Patrik

    2014-01-01

    Monitoring constitutes a cornerstone, both for efficient control of optimized industrial processes and for obtaining knowledge about non-controlled, natural phenomena. This thesis is all about monitoring, or measurements. In this case the primary information is gathered with light, and in a non-intrusive, and usually a stand-off or remote way. The applications of optical monitoring in this work are directed towards some main areas: atmospheric gas monitoring, the food industry, ...

  6. Industrial applications of formal methods to model, design and analyze computer systems

    CERN Document Server

    Craigen, Dan

    1995-01-01

    Formal methods are mathematically-based techniques, often supported by reasoning tools, that can offer a rigorous and effective way to model, design and analyze computer systems. The purpose of this study is to evaluate international industrial experience in using formal methods. The cases selected are representative of industrial-grade projects and span a variety of application domains. The study had three main objectives: · To better inform deliberations within industry and government on standards and regulations; · To provide an authoritative record on the practical experience of formal m

  7. Progress of radiation curing technology and its industrial applications in Japan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Japanese industry has grown with annual growth rate 108%. Electric parts and devices industry strongly promoted Japanese economy. UV/EB curing market in Japan enjoyed its steady growth with an annual growth rate 107%. By realizing the advantages of good performance and high functionality, the UV/EB curing technology has expanded its application field especially in leading edge industries, such as electric parts and devices, FPDs, Optical fibers and cables, optical recording media, and their fabrication and manufacturing. This paper summarizes the Japanese UV/EB market situation and overviews the latest progress of UV/EB technology. (Author)

  8. Automation of finite element analysis in pressure equipments design. Applications in energy and petrochemistry industries

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pressure Equipments are used in different Petrochemistry and Energy industries, like in thermal ou nuclear power plants, oil refineries, and chemical plants. These industries have to insure the safety and environmental conditions. Design of Pressure Equipments have to respect Codes and Standards. For those Pressure Vessels with Neighbouring nozzles, or under load cases different from Pressure loadings (Seismic, Concentrated, etc..), Finite Element simulation remains the unique and accepted method for verifying equipments design according to Codes and Standards. This paper presents application of automated procedure for stress and criteria verification in Energy and Petrochemistry industries. This automated procedure allows to insure the analysis quality and to reduce the analysis time. (author)

  9. Opportunities application of cleaner production practices in paint industry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    There are releases of volatile organic compounds VOC from paint manufacturing process steps and from cleaning operations in El Mohandas Paint Factory. These emission can cause health, safety and productivity problems in the work area. Hence cleaner production application is necessary in this case. Some of the manufacturing processes and equipment used to accomplish these manufacturing are analyzed and generate cleaner production opportunities, implement some of cleaner production solutions of VOC emission control by some of the methods used by paint facilities in reducing emissions. It was found that there is no control available for emissions factors in paints manufacturing process, so that VOC emission based on raw material consumption rather than calculation emission from processes or equipment by alternative method. (Author)

  10. Microcontroller’s Applications in Driving of Industrial Robots

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marius Tufoi

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Microcontrollers and microprocessors are distinct in that, to be able to use a microprocessor, one has to integrate peripheral components like memory chip or data transmitters-receivers, while microcontrollers have integrated all the necessary components for an autonomous operation. There is no need for additional external part because all the required ones are already incorporated in microcontroller’s capsule. Thus using microcontrollers on device construction it can be saved time and space, in terms of geometrical dimensions. The present paper describes an application regarding driving and controlling a automatic guided vehicle using microcontrollers. The kinematic curvature is performed using two guiding wheels that have immobile shafts and distinct velocities.

  11. Soft Computing Models in Industrial and Environmental Applications

    CERN Document Server

    Abraham, Ajith; Corchado, Emilio; 7th International Conference, SOCO’12

    2013-01-01

    This volume of Advances in Intelligent and Soft Computing contains accepted papers presented at SOCO 2012, held in the beautiful and historic city of Ostrava (Czech Republic), in September 2012.   Soft computing represents a collection or set of computational techniques in machine learning, computer science and some engineering disciplines, which investigate, simulate, and analyze very complex issues and phenomena.   After a through peer-review process, the SOCO 2012 International Program Committee selected 75 papers which are published in these conference proceedings, and represents an acceptance rate of 38%. In this relevant edition a special emphasis was put on the organization of special sessions. Three special sessions were organized related to relevant topics as: Soft computing models for Control Theory & Applications in Electrical Engineering, Soft computing models for biomedical signals and data processing and Advanced Soft Computing Methods in Computer Vision and Data Processing.   The selecti...

  12. APPLICATIONS OF HIGH HYDROSTATIC PRESSURE IN THE FOOD INDUSTRY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yahya TÜLEK

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays, thermal processes are used in order to preserve food from microbiologic and enzymatic changes and extend the shelf life. Thermal treatments are particularly safe, assures a total inactivation of vegetative microorganism cells and spore. On the other hand it present some disadvantages related to the high temperature employed, such as denaturation of proteins, vitamins, productions of toxic compound, undesirable organoleptic features. The last decade, non-thermal inactivation techniques have been a major research issue, driven by an increased consumer demand for nutritious, fresh like food products with a high organoleptical quality and an acceptable shelf life. Present article represents studies on application aspects and effects of high hydrostatic pressure in foods.

  13. Advancements and performance of iterative methods in industrial applications codes on CRAY parallel/vector supercomputers

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Poole, G.; Heroux, M. [Engineering Applications Group, Eagan, MN (United States)

    1994-12-31

    This paper will focus on recent work in two widely used industrial applications codes with iterative methods. The ANSYS program, a general purpose finite element code widely used in structural analysis applications, has now added an iterative solver option. Some results are given from real applications comparing performance with the tradition parallel/vector frontal solver used in ANSYS. Discussion of the applicability of iterative solvers as a general purpose solver will include the topics of robustness, as well as memory requirements and CPU performance. The FIDAP program is a widely used CFD code which uses iterative solvers routinely. A brief description of preconditioners used and some performance enhancements for CRAY parallel/vector systems is given. The solution of large-scale applications in structures and CFD includes examples from industry problems solved on CRAY systems.

  14. Survey of US Department of Defense Manufacturing Technology Program activities applicable to civilian manufacturing industries. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Azimi, S.A.; Conrad, J.L.; Reed, J.E.

    1985-03-01

    Intent of the survey was to identify and characterize activities potentially applicable to improving energy efficiency and overall productivity in the civilian manufacturing industries. The civilian industries emphasized were the general manufacturing industries (including fabricated metals, glass, machinery, paper, plastic, textile, and transportation equipment manufacturing) and the primary metals industries (including primary aluminum, copper, steel, and zinc production). The principal steps in the survey were to: develop overview taxonomies of the general manufacturing and primary metals industries as well as specific industry taxonomies; identify needs and opportunities for improving process energy efficiency and productivity in the industries included; identify federal programs, capabilities, and special technical expertise that might be relevant to industry's needs and opportunities; contact federal laboratories/facilities, through visits and other forms of inquiry; prepare formatted profiles (descriptions) potentially applicable work efforts; review findings with industry; and compile and evaluate industry responses.

  15. Emerging new applications of nucleonic control systems in industry. Report of an advisory group meeting

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This TECDOC presents a comprehensive review of the current status and future prospects of nucleonic gauge methodology and technology applied as nucleonic control systems (NCS) to a broad spectrum of industrial engineering processes. It presents the results of the IAEA's Advisory Group Meeting on Emerging New Applications of Nucleonic Control Systems in Industry, which was convened to discuss and evaluate the present 'state-of-the-art' of this field. The TECDOC provides fundamental information on the principles of nucleonic gauges, their design, safe operation and applications. This covers both the more traditional and well established applications and methods as well as trends on emerging applications of new nucleonic gauges in modem industry. A specific review is presented of nucleonic gauge methodology and technology as applied in international priority industrial sectors such as the petroleum industry, mining and mineral ore processing, material construction and environment. This information on nucleonic gauges, including the most relevant recent achievements and developments, effectively enhances and often replaces the existing related publications, many of which have lost their relevance. Separate abstracts have been prepared for the thirteen individual country reports included in this TECDOC

  16. Ecotoxicological thresholds-practical application to an industrial inventory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gutsell, Steve; Hodges, Geoff; Marshall, Stuart; Roberts, Jayne

    2015-04-01

    The concept of thresholds of toxicological concern as a potentially useful tool in environmental risk assessment has been applied to the inventory of a home and personal care products company to derive a series of chemical class-based ecotoxicological threshold of concern (ecoTTC) values. Cationic chemicals of various types show notably higher toxicity than other classes and should be treated separately. Despite this, the ecoTTC for the full data set in the present study is only slightly lower than that derived previously for chemicals causing toxicity via Verhaar modes of action (MoAs) 1 to 3. Exclusion of cationic chemicals resulted in an ecoTTC value slightly higher than the MoA 1 to 3 value. These observations indicate that such data sets contain few specifically acting chemicals. The applicability of threshold approaches in environmental risk assessment has been extended to include a limited number of inorganic/organometallic chemicals, polymers, and all classes of surfactants. The use of such ecoTTC values in conjunction with mode of action-based quantitative structure-activity relationships will allow the efficient screening and prioritization of large inventories of heterogeneous chemicals, focusing resources on those chemicals that require additional information to better understand any potential risk. PMID:25641655

  17. Application of Business Intelligence in the Banking Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bogdan Ubiparipović

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available A highly dynamic market, changing client demands, fierce competition, the necessity of strict control and risk management are only some of the characteristics of the business environment where modern banks conduct their operations. Better management and better decision-making process make the difference between the successful and the unsuccessful on the market with these characteristics.Business intelligence solutions for banks should provide the decision makers from all business segments of a bank with the ability to manage and exploit information resources, in order to solve the problems and make timely and high-quality decisions. Business intelligence systems in banks must be comprehensive and yet simple for the end user. Business intelligence covers many areas of the bank, and among the most important are: Customer Relationship Management (CRM, Performance Management (PM, Risk Management (RM, Asset and Liability Management (ALM, and Compliance. Data warehouse and online analytical processes (OLAP form the informational basis for the application of business intelligence.Data mining and knowledge retrieval are also important segments of business intelligence and deal with complex statistical analysis, discovering "hidden" relationships between data and forecasting the behaviour trends of business systems.

  18. Mathematical Model for Absolute Magnetic Measuring Systems in Industrial Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fügenschuh, Armin; Fügenschuh, Marzena; Ludszuweit, Marina; Mojsic, Aleksandar; Sokół, Joanna

    2015-09-01

    Scales for measuring systems are either based on incremental or absolute measuring methods. Incremental scales need to initialize a measurement cycle at a reference point. From there, the position is computed by counting increments of a periodic graduation. Absolute methods do not need reference points, since the position can be read directly from the scale. The positions on the complete scales are encoded using two incremental tracks with different graduation. We present a new method for absolute measuring using only one track for position encoding up to micrometre range. Instead of the common perpendicular magnetic areas, we use a pattern of trapezoidal magnetic areas, to store more complex information. For positioning, we use the magnetic field where every position is characterized by a set of values measured by a hall sensor array. We implement a method for reconstruction of absolute positions from the set of unique measured values. We compare two patterns with respect to uniqueness, accuracy, stability and robustness of positioning. We discuss how stability and robustness are influenced by different errors during the measurement in real applications and how those errors can be compensated.

  19. Industrial potential for application of radiation curing in Pakistan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Potential applications of radiation curing of coating are in the field of wood and wood products, drying of printing inks, ceramics (roof and floor tiles) and textiles. Pakistan a 'timber deficit' country needs to improve her wood, plywood, hardboard and particle board to make for shortage of quality wood. Imports of wood and wood products are in excess of 3000 million rupees. Radiation curing can be applied and itexcels over heat treatment. Whereas costs of high energy units (500 KeV) with scanning type are rather high, low energy (100-175 KeV) flat beam self-shielded units costing 200,000 US$ are available. For developing countries ultraviolet (UV) curing is ideally suited because of its low price, flexibility and simplicity in handling. Alternately, multipurpose bunker type facility such as 500 KeV current mA can be utilized in carrying out heat-shrinkables production, irradiation of cable and wire and curing of coatings on wood and wood products. (author)

  20. Vigorously Develop Satellite Application Industry to Serve National Socio-economic Construction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Bian Ji

    2010-01-01

    @@ China International Aviation and Aerospace Forum 2010 was held on November 15 in Zhuhai, Guangdong Province.Vice President of China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation (CASC)Rui Xiaowu delivered a speech at the forum with the theme of "vigorously developing satellite application industry to serve national socio-economic construction".He stated in his speech that as an important method for information transmission, navigation and position and obtaining geographic information satellite applications have been integrated into all industries in the national economy in China and have become one of the indispensable information infrastructures for national security, the economy and society.