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Sample records for ap star hd

  1. Discovery of the longest-period rapidly oscillating Ap star HD177765

    CERN Document Server

    Alentiev, D; Ryabchikova, T; Cunha, M; Tsymbal, V; Weiss, W

    2011-01-01

    We present the discovery of a long-period, rapidly oscillating Ap star, HD177765. Using high-resolution time-series observations obtained with UVES at the ESO VLT telescope, we found radial velocity variations with amplitudes 7-150 m/s and a period of 23.6 min, exceeding that of any previously known roAp star. The largest pulsation amplitudes are observed for Eu III, Ce III and for the narrow core of Halpha. We derived the atmospheric parameters and chemical composition of HD177765, showing this star to be similar to other long-period roAp stars. Comparison with theoretical pulsational models indicates an advanced evolutionary state for HD177765. Abundance analyses of this and other roAp stars suggest a systematic variation with age of the rare-earth line anomalies seen in cool Ap stars.

  2. The magnetic field topology and chemical abundance distributions of the Ap star HD 32633

    OpenAIRE

    Silvester, James; Kochukhov, Oleg; Wade, G. A.

    2015-01-01

    Previous observations of the Ap star HD 32633 indicated that its magnetic field was unusually complex in nature and could not be characterised by a simple dipolar structure. Here we derive magnetic field maps and chemical abundance distributions for this star using full Stokes vector (Stokes $IQUV$) high-resolution observations obtained with the ESPaDOnS and Narval spectropolarimeters. Our maps, produced using the Invers10 magnetic Doppler imaging (MDI) code, show that HD 32633 has a strong m...

  3. Time-resolved photometric and spectroscopic analysis of a luminous Ap star HD103498

    CERN Document Server

    Joshi, S; Kochukhov, O; Sachkov, M; Tiwari, S K; Chakradhari, N K; Piskunov, N

    2009-01-01

    We present the results on the photometric and spectroscopic monitoring of a luminous Ap star HD103498. The time-series photometric observations were carried out on 17 nights using three-channel fast photometer attached to the 1.04-m optical telescope at ARIES, Nainital. The photometric data of five nights of year 2007 show clear signature of 15-min periodicity. However, the follow-up observations during 2007--2009 could not repeated any such periodicity. To confirm the photometric light variations, the time-series spectroscopic observations were carried out with the 2.56-m Nordic Optical Telescope (NOT) at La Palma on February 2, 2009. Any radial velocity variations were absent in this data set which is in full agreement with the photometric observations taken near the same night. Model atmosphere and abundance analysis of HD103498 show that the star is evolved from the Main Sequence and its atmospheric abundances are similar to two other evolved Ap stars HD133792 and HD204411: large overabundances of Si, Cr,...

  4. The magnetic field topology and chemical abundance distributions of the Ap star HD 32633

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silvester, J.; Kochukhov, O.; Wade, G. A.

    2015-10-01

    Previous observations of the Ap star HD 32633 indicated that its magnetic field was unusually complex in nature and could not be characterized by a simple dipolar structure. Here we derive magnetic field maps and chemical abundance distributions for this star using full Stokes vector (Stokes IQUV) high-resolution observations obtained with the ESPaDOnS and Narval spectropolarimeters. Our maps, produced using the INVERS10 magnetic Doppler imaging (MDI) code, show that HD 32633 has a strong magnetic field which features two large regions of opposite polarity but deviates significantly from a pure dipole field. We use a spherical harmonic expansion to characterize the magnetic field and find that the harmonic energy is predominately in the ℓ = 1 and 2 poloidal modes with a small toroidal component. At the same time, we demonstrate that the observed Stokes parameter profiles of HD 32633 cannot be fully described by either a dipolar or dipolar plus quadrupolar field geometry. We compare the magnetic field topology of HD 32633 with other early-type stars for which MDI analyses have been performed, supporting a trend of increasing field complexity with stellar mass. We then compare the magnetic field topology of HD 32633 with derived chemical abundance maps for the elements Mg, Si, Ti, Cr, Fe, Ni and Nd. We find that the iron-peak elements show similar distributions, but we are unable to find a clear correlation between the location of local chemical enhancements or depletions and the magnetic field structure.

  5. The magnetic field topology and chemical abundance distributions of the Ap star HD 32633

    CERN Document Server

    Silvester, J; Wade, G A

    2015-01-01

    Previous observations of the Ap star HD 32633 indicated that its magnetic field was unusually complex in nature and could not be characterised by a simple dipolar structure. Here we derive magnetic field maps and chemical abundance distributions for this star using full Stokes vector (Stokes $IQUV$) high-resolution observations obtained with the ESPaDOnS and Narval spectropolarimeters. Our maps, produced using the Invers10 magnetic Doppler imaging (MDI) code, show that HD 32633 has a strong magnetic field which features two large regions of opposite polarity but deviates significantly from a pure dipole field. We use a spherical harmonic expansion to characterise the magnetic field and find that the harmonic energy is predominately in the $\\ell=1$ and $\\ell=2$ poloidal modes with a small toroidal component. At the same time, we demonstrate that the observed Stokes parameter profiles of HD 32633 cannot be fully described by either a dipolar or dipolar plus quadrupolar field geometry. We compare the magnetic fi...

  6. HD 18078: A very slowly rotating Ap star with an unusual magnetic field structure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mathys, G.; Romanyuk, I. I.; Kudryavtsev, D. O.; Landstreet, J. D.; Pyper, D. M.; Adelman, S. J.

    2016-02-01

    Context. The existence of a significant population of Ap stars with very long rotation periods (up to several hundred years) has progressively emerged over the past two decades. However, only lower limits of the periods are known for most of them because their variations have not yet been observed over a sufficient timebase. Aims: We determine the rotation period of the slowly rotating Ap star HD 18078 and we derive constraints on the geometrical structure of its magnetic field. Methods: We combine measurements of the mean magnetic field modulus obtained from 1990 to 1997 with determinations of the mean longitudinal magnetic field spanning the 1999-2007 time interval to derive an unambiguous value of the rotation period. We show that this value is consistent with photometric variations recorded in the Strömgren uvby photometric system between 1995 and 2004. We fit the variations of the two above-mentioned field moments with a simple model to constrain the magnetic structure. Results: The rotation period of HD 18078 is (1358 ± 12) d. The geometrical structure of its magnetic field is consistent to first order with a colinear multipole model whose axis is offset from the centre of the star. Conclusions: HD 18078 is only the fifth Ap star with a rotation period longer than 1000 d for which the exact value of that period (as opposed to a lower limit) could be determined. The strong anharmonicity of the variations of its mean longitudinal magnetic field and the shift between their extrema and those of the mean magnetic field modulus are exceptional and indicative of a very unusual magnetic structure. Based in part on observations made at Observatoire de Haute Provence (CNRS), France; at Kitt Peak National Observatory, National Optical Astronomy Observatory (NOAO Prop. ID: KP2442; PI: T. Lanz), which is operated by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy (AURA) under cooperative agreement with the National Science Foundation; at the Canada

  7. HD 24355 observed by the Kepler K2 mission: A rapidly oscillating Ap star pulsating in a distorted quadrupole mode

    CERN Document Server

    Holdsworth, Daniel L; Smalley, Barry; Saio, Hideyuki; Handler, Gerald; Murphy, Simon J; Lehmann, Holger

    2016-01-01

    We present an analysis of the first Kepler K2 mission observations of a rapidly oscillating Ap (roAp) star, HD 24355 ($V=9.65$). The star was discovered in SuperWASP broadband photometry with a frequency of 224.31 d$^{-1}$, (2596.18 $\\mu$Hz; $P = 6.4$ min) and an amplitude of 1.51 mmag, with later spectroscopic analysis of low-resolution spectra showing HD 24355 to be an A5 Vp SrEu star. The high precision K2 data allow us to identify 13 rotationally split sidelobes to the main pulsation frequency of HD 24355. This number of sidelobes combined with an unusual rotational phase variation show this star to be the most distorted quadrupole roAp pulsator yet observed. In modelling this star, we are able to reproduce well the amplitude modulation of the pulsation, and find a close match to the unusual phase variations. We show this star to have a pulsation frequency higher than the critical cut-off frequency. This is currently the only roAp star observed with the Kepler spacecraft in Short Cadence mode that has a p...

  8. Chemical stratification in the atmosphere of Ap star HD 133792. Regularized solution of the vertical inversion problem

    CERN Document Server

    Kochukhov, O; Ryabchikova, T A; Makaganyk, V; Bagnulo, S

    2006-01-01

    High spectral resolution studies of cool Ap stars reveal conspicuous anomalies of the shape and strength of many absorption lines. This is a signature of large atmospheric chemical gradients produced by the selective radiative levitation and gravitational settling of chemical species. Here we present a new approach to mapping the vertical chemical structures in stellar atmospheres. We have developed a regularized chemical inversion procedure that uses all information available in high-resolution stellar spectra. The new technique for the first time allowed us to recover chemical profiles without making a priori assumptions about the shape of chemical distributions. We have derived average abundances and applied the vertical inversion procedure to the high-resolution VLT UVES spectra of the weakly magnetic, cool Ap star HD 133792. Our analysis yielded improved estimates of the atmospheric parameters of HD 133792. We show that this star has negligible vsini and the mean magnetic field modulus =1.1+/-0.1 kG. We ...

  9. Periods of magnetic field variations in the Ap star $\\gamma$ Equulei (HD 201601)

    CERN Document Server

    Bychkov, V D; Madej, J

    2015-01-01

    This paper presents a series of 95 new measurements of the longitudinal (effective) magnetic field $B_e$ of the Ap star $\\gamma$ Equ (HD 201601). Observations were obtained at the coud\\'e focus of the 1-m reflector at the Special Astrophysical Observatory (SAO RAS) in Russia over a time period of 4190 days (more than 11 years). We compiled a long record of $B_e$ points, adding our measurements to all published data. The time series of magnetic data consists of 395 $B_e$ points extending for 24488 days, or over 67 years. Various methods of period determination were examined for the case in which the length of the observed time series is rather short and amounts only to ~69 percent of the period. We argue that the fitting of a sine wave to the observed $B_e$ points by least squares yields the most reliable period in the case of $\\gamma$ Equ. Therefore, the best period for long-term magnetic variations of $\\gamma$ Equ, and hence the rotational period, is $P_{\\rm rot}=35462.5 \\pm 1149$ days $= 97.16 \\pm 3.15$ yea...

  10. Multiplicity among chemically peculiar stars II. Cool magnetic Ap stars

    OpenAIRE

    Carrier, F.; North, P.; Udry, S.; Babel, J.

    2002-01-01

    We present new orbits for sixteen Ap spectroscopic binaries, four of which might in fact be Am stars, and give their orbital elements. Four of them are SB2 systems: HD 5550, HD 22128, HD 56495 and HD 98088. The twelve other stars are : HD 9996, HD 12288, HD 40711, HD 54908, HD 65339, HD 73709, HD 105680, HD 138426, HD 184471, HD 188854, HD 200405 and HD 216533. Rough estimates of the individual masses of the components of HD 65339 (53 Cam) are given, combining our radial velocities with the r...

  11. HD 41641: a classical $\\delta$ Sct-type pulsator with chemical signatures of an Ap star

    CERN Document Server

    Escorza, A; Tkachenko, A; Van Reeth, T; Ryabchikova, T; Neiner, C; Poretti, E; Rainer, M; Michel, E; Baglin, A; Aerts, C

    2016-01-01

    Among the known groups of pulsating stars, $\\delta$ Sct stars are one of the least understood. The theoretical models do not predict the oscillation frequencies that observations reveal. Complete asteroseismic studies are necessary to improve these models and better understand the internal structure of these targets. In this paper, we study the $\\delta$ Sct star HD 41641 with the ultimate goal of understanding its oscillation pattern. The target has been simultaneously observed by the CoRoT space telescope and the HARPS high-resolution spectrograph. The photometric data set was analyzed with the software package PERIOD04, while FAMIAS was used to analyze the line profile variations. The method of spectrum synthesis was used for spectroscopically determining the fundamental atmospheric parameters and the individual chemical abundances. A total of 90 different frequencies was identified and analyzed. An unambiguous identification of the azimuthal order of the surface geometry could be provided for the dominant ...

  12. The fundamental parameters of the roAp star HD 24712. A rapidly oscillator at the red edge of the instability strip

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perraut, K.; Brandão, I.; Cunha, M.; Shulyak, D.; Mourard, D.; Nardetto, N.; ten Brummelaar, T. A.

    2016-05-01

    Context. There is still a debate about the nature of the mechanism that causes the pulsation excitation of the rapidly oscillating Ap stars that oscillate above the highest theoretically acoustic frequency. HD 24712 is a good test case for such a study because it is bright, its parallax accurately determined, and its frequency spectrum is well known. Aims: Visible long-baseline interferometry is a unique technique for measuring accurate angular diameters of targets as small as the brightest roAp stars, and thus estimating accurate radii by a method as independent as possible of atmosphere models. Methods: We used the visible spectrograph VEGA at the CHARA long-baseline optical array to observe HD 24712, and we derived its limb-darkened diameter. We also estimated its bolometric flux from spectroscopic data in the literature and determined its radius, luminosity, and effective temperature. Results: We determined a limb-darkened angular diameter of 0.335 ± 0.009 mas for HD 24712 and derived a radius of R = 1.772 ± 0.057 R⊙, a luminosity of L = 7.2 ± 1.8 L⊙, and an effective temperature of Teff = 7235 ± 280 K, which is in very close agreement with the values provided by the self-consistent stratified model developed for this star. We used these fundamental parameters to set HD 24712 in the Hertzsprung-Russell diagram. Its position is marginally consistent with the region where high radial order modes are predicted to be excited by the κ-mechanism. Conclusions: We conclude that oscillations in this star are most likely not driven by the κ-mechanism. Based on observations made with the VEGA/CHARA spectro-interferometer.

  13. Three-dimensional magnetic and abundance mapping of the cool Ap star HD 24712 I. Spectropolarimetric observations in all four Stokes parameters

    CERN Document Server

    Rusomarov, N; Piskunov, N; Jeffers, S V; Johns-Krull, C M; Keller, C U; Makaganiuk, V; Rodenhuis, M; Snik, F; Stempels, H C; Valenti, J A

    2013-01-01

    High-resolution spectropolarimetric observations provide simultaneous information about stellar magnetic field topologies and three-dimensional distributions of chemical elements. Here we present analysis of a unique full Stokes vector spectropolarimetric data set, acquired for the cool magnetic Ap star HD 24712. The goal of our work is to examine circular and linear polarization signatures inside spectral lines and to study variation of the stellar spectrum and magnetic observables as a function of rotational phase. HD 24712 was observed with the HARPSpol instrument at the 3.6-m ESO telescope over a period of 2010-2011. The resulting spectra have S/N ratio of 300-600 and resolving power exceeding 100000. The multiline technique of least-squares deconvolution (LSD) was applied to combine information from the spectral lines of Fe-peak and rare-earth elements. We used the HARPSPol spectra of HD 24712 to study the morphology of the Stokes profile shapes in individual spectral lines and in LSD Stokes profiles cor...

  14. Discovery of new roAp pulsators in the UVES survey of cool magnetic Ap stars

    CERN Document Server

    Kochukhov, O; Ryabchikova, T; Boyko, S; Cunha, M; Tsymbal, V; Weiss, W

    2013-01-01

    We have carried out a survey of short-period pulsations among a sample of carefully chosen cool Ap stars using time-resolved observations with the UVES spectrometer at the ESO 8-m VLT telescope. Here we report the discovery of pulsations with amplitudes 50-100 m/s and periods 7-12 min in HD132205, HD148593 and HD151860. These objects are therefore established as new rapidly oscillating Ap (roAp) stars. In addition, we independently confirm the presence of pulsations in HD69013, HD96237 and HD143487 and detect, for the first time, radial velocity oscillations in two previously known photometric roAp stars HD119027 and HD185256. At the same time, no pulsation variability is found for HD5823, HD178892 and HD185204. All of the newly discovered roAp stars were previously classified as non-pulsating based on the low-precision ground-based photometric surveys. This shows that such observations cannot be used to reliably distinguish between pulsating and non-pulsating stars and that all cool Ap stars may harbor p-mod...

  15. The Dushak–Erekdag Survey of roAp Stars

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Tatyana Dorokhova; Nikolay Dorokhov

    2005-06-01

    The search of roAp stars at Mt. Dushak–Erekdag Observatory was started in 1992 using the 0.8m Odessa telescope equipped with a two-star high-speed photometer. We have observed more than a dozen stars so far and discovered HD 99563 as roAp star while BD+8087 is suspected to have rapid oscillations. Negative results of our observations for the search of rapid oscillations in four stars in NGC 752 are also discussed.

  16. Helium stratification in HD 145792: a new Helium strong star

    OpenAIRE

    Catanzaro, G

    2007-01-01

    In this paper we report on the real nature of the star HD 145792, classified as He weak in {\\it ``The General Catalogue of Ap and Am stars''}. By means of high resolution spectroscopic data, we refined the atmospheric parameters of the star, obtaining: T$_{\\rm eff}$ = 14400 $\\pm$ 400 K, $\\log g$ = 4.06 $\\pm$ 0.08 and $\\xi$ = 0 $^{+0.6}$ km s$^{-1}$. These values resulted always lower than those derived by different authors with pure photometric approaches. Using our values we u...

  17. Magnetic Doppler imaging of the chemically peculiar star HD 125248

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rusomarov, N.; Kochukhov, O.; Ryabchikova, T.; Ilyin, I.

    2016-04-01

    Context. Intermediate-mass, chemically peculiar stars with strong magnetic fields provide an excellent opportunity to study the topology of their surface magnetic fields and the interplay between magnetic geometries and abundance inhomogeneities in the atmospheres of these stars. Aims: We reconstruct detailed maps of the surface magnetic field and abundance distributions for the magnetic Ap star HD 125248. Methods: We performed the analysis based on phase-resolved, four Stokes parameter spectropolarimetric observations obtained with the HARPSpol instrument. These data were interpreted with the help of magnetic Doppler imaging techniques and model atmospheres taking the effects of strong magnetic fields and nonsolar chemical composition into account. Results: We improved the atmospheric parameters of the star, Teff = 9850 ± 250 K and log g = 4.05 ± 0.10. We performed detailed abundance analysis, which confirmed that HD 125248 has abundances typical of other Ap stars, and discovered significant vertical stratification effects for the Fe ii and Cr ii ions. We computed LSD Stokes profiles using several line masks corresponding to Fe-peak and rare earth elements, and studied their behavior with rotational phase. Combining previous longitudinal field measurements with our own observations, we improved the rotational period of the star Prot = 9.29558 ± 0.00006 d. Magnetic Doppler imaging of HD 125248 showed that its magnetic field is mostly poloidal and quasi-dipolar with two large spots of different polarity and field strength. The chemical maps of Fe, Cr, Ce, Nd, Gd, and Ti show abundance contrasts of 0.9-3.5 dex. Among these elements, the Fe abundance map does not show high-contrast features. Cr is overabundant around the negative magnetic pole and has 3.5 dex abundance range. The rare earth elements and Ti are overabundant near the positive magnetic pole. Conclusions: The magnetic field of HD 125248 has strong deviations from the classical oblique dipole field

  18. A spectroscopic analysis of the chemically peculiar star HD207561

    CERN Document Server

    Joshi, S; Martinez, P; Sachkov, M; Joshi, Y C; Seetha, S; Chakradhari, N K; Mary, D L; Girish, V; Ashoka, B N

    2012-01-01

    In this paper we present a high-resolution spectroscopic analysis of the chemically peculiar star HD207561. During a survey programme to search for new roAp stars in the Northern hemisphere, Joshi et al. (2006) observed significant photometric variability on two consecutive nights in the year 2000. The amplitude spectra of the light curves obtained on these two nights showed oscillations with a frequency of 2.79 mHz [P~6-min]. However, subsequent follow-up observations could not confirm any rapid variability. In order to determine the spectroscopic nature of HD207561, high-resolution spectroscopic and spectro-polarimetric observations were carried out. A reasonable fit of the calculated Hbeta line profile to the observed one yields the effective temperature (Teff) and surface gravity (log g) as 7300 K and 3.7 dex, respectively. The derived projected rotational velocity (vsin i) for HD207561 is 74 km/sec indicative of a relatively fast rotator. The position of HD207561 in the H-R diagram implies that this is s...

  19. An Analysis of the Rapidly Rotating Bp star HD 133880

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bailey, J. D.; Grunhut, J.; Shultz, M.; Wade, G.; Landstreet, J. D.; Bohlender, D.; Lim, J.; Wong, K.; Drake, S.; Linsky, J.

    2012-01-01

    HD 133880 is a rapidly rotating chemically peculiar B-type (Bp) star (nu sin i approx = 103km/s) and is host to one of the strongest magnetic fields of any Ap/Bp star. A member of the Upper Centaurus Lupus association, it is a star with a well-determined age of 16 Myr. 12 new spectra, four of which are polarimetric, obtained from the FEROS, ESPaDOnS and HARPS instruments, provide sufficient material from which to re-evaluate the magnetic field and obtain a first approximation to the atmospheric abundance distributions of He, O, Mg, Si, Ti. Cr, Fe, Ni, Pr and Nd. An abundance analysis was carried out using ZEEMAN, a program which synthesizes spectral line profiles for stars with permeating magnetic fields. The magnetic field structure was characterized by a colinear multipole expansion from the observed variations of the longitudinal and surface fields with rotational phase. Both magnetic hemispheres are clearly visible during the stellar rotation, and thus a three-ring abundance distribution model encompassing both magnetic poles and magnetic equator with equal spans in colatitude was adopted. Using the new magnetic field measurements and optical photometry together with previously published data, we refine the period of HD 133880 to P = 0.877 476 +/- 0.000009 d. Our simple axisymmetric magnetic field model is based on a predominantly quadrupolar component that roughly describes the field variations. Using spectrum synthesis, we derived mean abundances for O, Mg, Si, Ti, Cr, Fe and Pr. All elements; except Mg, are overabundant compared to the Son. Mg appears to be approximately uniform over the stellar surface, while all other elements are more abundant in the negative magnetic hemisphere than in the positive magnetic hemisphere. In contrast to most Ap/Bp stars which show an underabundance in 0, in HD 133880 this element is clearly overabundant compared to the solar abundance ratio. In studying the Ha and Paschen lines in the optical spectra, we could not

  20. Magnetic Doppler imaging of the chemically peculiar star HD 125248

    CERN Document Server

    Rusomarov, N; Ryabchikova, T; Ilyin, I

    2016-01-01

    Intermediate-mass, chemically peculiar stars with strong magnetic fields give us an excellent opportunity to study the topology of their surface magnetic fields and the interplay between magnetic geometries and abundance inhomogeneities in their atmospheres. We reconstruct detailed maps of the surface magnetic field and abundance distributions for the magnetic Ap star HD 125248. We performed the analysis based on phase-resolved, four Stokes parameter spectropolarimetric observations obtained with the HARPSpol instrument. These data were interpreted with the magnetic Doppler imaging technique. We improved the atmospheric parameters of the star, T_eff = 9850K +/- 250K and logg = 4.05 +/- 0.10. We performed detailed abundance analysis and discovered vertical stratification effects for the FeII and CrII ions. We computed LSD Stokes profiles and studied their behavior with rotational phase. We improved the rotational period of the star P_rot = 9.29558(6)d. Magnetic Doppler imaging of HD 125248 showed that its magn...

  1. Confirmation of the magnetic nature of the delta Scuti star HD 21190

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hubrig, S.; Scholler, M.

    2016-06-01

    HD 21190 is a known delta Scuti star showing Ap star characteristics and a variability period of 3.6h discovered by the Hipparcos mission. Our previous spectropolarimetric observations with FORS1 at the VLT showed the presence of a rather weak magnetic field of the order of a few tens of Gauss. New spectropolarimetric measurements with FORS2 at the VLT reveal that the magnetic field in this star is much stronger, about -250G, indicating that also Ap stars can pulsate in the delta Scuti range.

  2. Abnormal lithium abundance in several Ap-Bp stars

    CERN Document Server

    Shavrina, A; Drake, N A; Kudryavtsev, D O; Gopka, V F; Yushchenko, V A; Yushchenko, A V

    2013-01-01

    Using observations of rapidly rotating roAp star HD 12098, obtained with 6m telescope of SAO RAS in 2005-2008 in nine rotational phases (0.001-0.817), and code V. Tsymbal ROTATE we identified 3 lithium spots on the surface of star, one of them coincided with the position of one magnetic pole and two others are located near the other pole, symmetrically with respect to it. Perhaps magnetic field of the star has a more complex structure than the dipole (Shavrina 2008). Lithium abundance in the spots is greater than cosmic one. It can be explained by diffusion of lithium in the presence of a magnetic field or by production of lithium in the reactions of "spallation" on the surface of star near the magnetic poles (see, for example, Goriely 2007). Enhanced lithium abundances was also determined for other two slowly rotating Ap stars HR 465 and HD 965. The analysis is performed using a synthetic spectrum method taking into account magnetic splitting of lines by the SYNTHM code of Khan (2004).

  3. The evolved pulsating CEMP star HD112869

    CERN Document Server

    Začs, L; Grankina, A; Deveikis, V; Kaminskyi, B; Pavlenko, Y; Musaev, F

    2015-01-01

    Radial velocity measurements, $BVR_C$ photometry, and high-resolution spectroscopy in the wavelength region from blue to near infrared are employed in order to clarify the evolutionary status of the carbon-enhanced metal-poor star HD112869 with unique ratio of carbon isotopes in the atmosphere. An LTE abundance analysis was carried out using the method of spectral synthesis and new self consistent 1D atmospheric models. The radial velocity monitoring confirmed semiregular variations with a peak-to-peak amplitude of about 10 km $s^{-1}$ and a dominating period of about 115 days. The light, color and radial velocity variations are typical of the evolved pulsating stars. The atmosphere of HD112869 appears to be less metal-poor than reported before, [Fe/H] = -2.3 $\\pm$0.2 dex. Carbon to oxygen and carbon isotope ratios are found to be extremely high, C/O $\\simeq$ 12.6 and $^{12}C/^{13}C \\gtrsim$ 1500, respectively. The s-process elements yttrium and barium are not enhanced, but neodymium appears to be overabundan...

  4. Ap stars with variable periods

    OpenAIRE

    Mikulášek, Zdeněk; Krtička, Jiří; Janík, Jan; Zejda, Miloslav; Henry, Gegory W.; Paunzen, Ernst; Žižňovský, Jozef; Zverko, Juraj

    2013-01-01

    The majority of magnetic chemically peculiar (mCP) stars exhibit periodic light, magnetic, radio, and spectroscopic variations that can be adequately modelled as a rigidly-rotating main-sequence star with persistent surface structures. Nevertheless, there is a small sample of diverse mCP stars whose rotation periods vary on timescales of decades while the shapes of their phase curves remain unchanged. Alternating period increases and decreases have been suspected in the hot CP stars CU Vir an...

  5. HD 101065, the Most Peculiar Star: First Results from Precise Radial Velocity Study

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    D. E. Mkrtichian; A. P. Hatzes

    2005-06-01

    In this paper we discuss the prospects for asteroseismology with spatial resolution and motivate studies of the most chemically peculiar roAp star HD 101065. We present the first results from a high-precision radial velocity (RV) study of HD 101065 based on data spanning four nights that were acquired using the HARPS echelle-spectrometer at the ESO 3.6 m telescope. The analysis of individual nights showed the amplitude and phase modulation of the dominant mode. The analysis of the whole data set showed the presence of multi-periodic oscillations with two groups of equally-spaced modes. We find = 65.2 Hz and = 7.3 Hz for the large and the small spacing, respectively. HD 101065 is the only roAp star to show the existence of two groups of = 0, 2 and = 1, 3 excited modes.

  6. Photometric Observations of Two Cool Stars: HD 17025 and HD 38392

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stȩpień, K.

    1995-07-01

    UBV(RI)c observations of a G6/G8IV star HD17025 suggest a variation period of about 9 days. The light curve has a marginal amplitude of about 0.015 of a magnitude but is poorly defined and needs an independent confirmation. No prominent chromospheric emission is visible in a spectrum of this star. The other observed star, a K2 dwarf HD38392, did not show measurable light variations over a two weeks period of observations.

  7. TRIGGERED STAR FORMATION SURROUNDING WOLF-RAYET STAR HD 211853

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Liu Tie; Wu Yuefang; Zhang Huawei [Department of Astronomy, Peking University, 100871 Beijing (China); Qin Shengli, E-mail: liutiepku@gmail.com [I. Physikalisches Institut, Universitaet zu Koeln, Zuelpicher Str. 77, 50937 Koeln (Germany)

    2012-05-20

    The environment surrounding Wolf-Rayet (W-R) star HD 211853 is studied in molecular, infrared, as well as radio, and H I emission. The molecular ring consists of well-separated cores, which have a volume density of 10{sup 3} cm{sup -3} and kinematic temperature {approx}20 K. Most of the cores are under gravitational collapse due to external pressure from the surrounding ionized gas. From the spectral energy distribution modeling toward the young stellar objects, the sequential star formation is revealed on a large scale in space spreading from the W-R star to the molecular ring. A small-scale sequential star formation is revealed toward core 'A', which harbors a very young star cluster. Triggered star formations are thus suggested. The presence of the photodissociation region, the fragmentation of the molecular ring, the collapse of the cores, and the large-scale sequential star formation indicate that the 'collect and collapse' process functions in this region. The star-forming activities in core 'A' seem to be affected by the 'radiation-driven implosion' process.

  8. Triggered star formation surrounding Wolf-Rayet star HD 211853

    CERN Document Server

    Liu, Tie; Zhang, Huawei; Qin, Sheng-Li

    2012-01-01

    The environment surrounding Wolf-Rayet star HD 211853 is studied in molecular emission, infrared emission, as well as radio and HI emission. The molecular ring consists of well-separated cores, which have a volume density of 10$^{3}$ cm$^{-3}$ and kinematic temperature $\\sim$20 K. Most of the cores are under gravitational collapse due to external pressure from the surrounding ionized gas. From SED modeling towards the young stellar objects (YSOs), sequential star formation is revealed on a large scale in space spreading from the Wolf-Rayet star to the molecular ring. A small scale sequential star formation is revealed towards core A, which harbors a very young star cluster. Triggered star formations is thus suggested. The presence of PDR, the fragmentation of the molecular ring, the collapse of the cores, the large scale sequential star formation indicate the "Collect and Collapse" process functions in this region. The star forming activities in core A seem to be affected by the "Radiation-Driven Implosion" (...

  9. Ap stars with variable periods

    CERN Document Server

    Mikulášek, Zdeněk; Janík, Jan; Zejda, Miloslav; Henry, Gegory W; Paunzen, Ernst; Žižňovský, Jozef; Zverko, Juraj

    2013-01-01

    The majority of magnetic chemically peculiar (mCP) stars exhibit periodic light, magnetic, radio, and spectroscopic variations that can be adequately modelled as a rigidly-rotating main-sequence star with persistent surface structures. Nevertheless, there is a small sample of diverse mCP stars whose rotation periods vary on timescales of decades while the shapes of their phase curves remain unchanged. Alternating period increases and decreases have been suspected in the hot CP stars CU Vir and V901 Ori, while rotation in the moderately cool star BS Cir has been decelerating. These examples bring new insight into this theoretically unpredicted phenomenon. We discuss possible causes of such behaviour and propose that dynamic interactions between a thin, outer, magnetically-confined envelope braked by the stellar wind, and an inner faster-rotating stellar body are able to explain the observed rotational variability

  10. Multiplicity of rapidly oscillating Ap stars

    CERN Document Server

    Schoeller, M; Hubrig, S; Kurtz, D W

    2012-01-01

    Rapidly oscillating Ap (roAp) stars have rarely been found in binary or higher order multiple systems. This might have implications for their origin. We intend to study the multiplicity of this type of chemically peculiar stars, looking for visual companions in the range of angular separation between 0.05" and 8". We carried out a survey of 28 roAp stars using diffraction-limited near-infrared imaging with NAOS-CONICA at the VLT. Additionally, we observed three non-oscillating magnetic Ap stars. We detected a total of six companion candidates with low chance projection probabilities. Four of these are new detections, the other two are confirmations. An additional 39 companion candidates are very likely chance projections. We also found one binary system among the non-oscillating magnetic Ap stars. The detected companion candidates have apparent K magnitudes between 6.8 and 19.5 and angular separations ranging from 0.23" to 8.9", corresponding to linear projected separations of 30-2400AU. While our study confi...

  11. The nature of the late B-type stars HD 67044 and HD 42035

    CERN Document Server

    Monier, R; Royer, F

    2016-01-01

    While monitoring a sample of apparently slowly rotating superficially normal bright late B and early A stars in the northern hemisphere, we have discovered that HD 67044 and HD 42035, hitherto classified as normal late B-type stars, are actually respectively a new chemically peculiar star and a new spectroscopic binary containing a very slow rotator HD 42035 S with ultra-sharp lines (vsini = 3.7 km/s) and a fast rotator HD 42035 B with broad lines. The lines of Ti, Cr, Mn, Sr, Y, Zr and Ba are conspicuous features in the high resolution SOPHIE spectrum of HD 67044. The HgII line at 3983.93 A is also present as a weak feature. The composite spectrum of HD 42035 is characterised by very sharp lines formed in HD 42035 S superimposed onto the shallow and broad lines of HD 42035 B. These very sharp lines are mostly due to light elements from C to Ni, the only heavy species definitely present are Sr and Ba. Selected lines of 21 chemical elements from He up to Hg have been synthesized using model atmospheres compute...

  12. Cometary Dust in the Debris of HD 31648 and HD163296: Two "Baby" Beta pictoris Stars

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sitko, Michael L.; Grady, Carol A.; Lynch, David K.; Russell, Ray W.; Hanner, Martha S.

    1999-01-01

    The debris disks surrounding the pre-main-sequence stars HD 31648 and HD 163296 were observed spectroscopically between 3 and 14 microns. Both stars possess a silicate emission feature at 10 Am that resembles that of the star P Pictoris and those observed in solar system comets. The structure of the band is consistent with a mixture of olivine and pyroxene material, plus an underlying continuum of unspecified origin. The similarity in both size and structure of the silicate band suggests that the material in these systems had a processing history similar to that in our own solar system prior to the time that the grains were incorporated into comets.

  13. Stellar Companions to the Exoplanet Host Stars HD 2638 and HD 164509

    CERN Document Server

    Wittrock, Justin M; Horch, Elliott P; Hirsch, Lea; Howell, Steve B; Ciardi, David R; Everett, Mark E; Teske, Johanna K

    2016-01-01

    An important aspect of searching for exoplanets is understanding the binarity of the host stars. It is particularly important because nearly half of the solar-like stars within our own Milky Way are part of binary or multiple systems. Moreover, the presence of two or more stars within a system can place further constraints on planetary formation, evolution, and orbital dynamics. As part of our survey of almost a hundred host stars, we obtained images at 692 nm and 880 nm bands using the Differential Speckle Survey Instrument (DSSI) at the Gemini-North Observatory. From our survey, we detect stellar companions to HD 2638 and HD 164509. The stellar companion to HD 2638 has been previously detected, but the companion to HD 164509 is a newly discovered companion. The angular separation for HD 2638 is $0.512 \\pm 0.002\\arcsec$ and for HD 164509 is $0.697 \\pm 0.002\\arcsec$. This corresponds to a projected separation of $25.6 \\pm 1.9$ AU and $36.5 \\pm 1.9$ AU, respectively. By employing stellar isochrone models, we e...

  14. Substellar Companions to Evolved Intermediate-Mass Stars: HD 145457 and HD 180314

    CERN Document Server

    Sato, Bun'ei; Liu, Yujuan; Harakawa, Hiroki; Izumiura, Hideyuki; Kambe, Eiji; Toyota, Eri; Murata, Daisuke; Lee, Byeong-Cheol; Masuda, Seiji; Takeda, Yoichi; Yoshida, Michitoshi; Itoh, Yoichi; Ando, Hiroyasu; Kokubo, Eiichiro; Ida, Shigeru; Zhao, Gang; Han, Inwoo

    2010-01-01

    We report the detections of two substellar companions orbiting around evolved intermediate-mass stars from precise Doppler measurements at Subaru Telescope and Okayama Astrophysical Observatory. HD 145457 is a K0 giant with a mass of 1.9 M_sun and has a planet of minimum mass m_2sini=2.9 M_J orbiting with period of P=176 d and eccentricity of e=0.11. HD 180314 is also a K0 giant with 2.6 M_sun and hosts a substellar companion of m_2sin i=22 M_J, which falls in brown-dwarf mass regime, in an orbit with P=396 d and e=0.26. HD 145457 b is one of the innermost planets and HD 180314 b is the seventh candidate of brown-dwarf-mass companion found around intermediate-mass evolved stars.

  15. Line Identification of the Si Star HD 87240

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. Saffe

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Se presentan las identificaciones de las líneas de la estrella peculiar tipo Ap Si HD 87240 (_ = - 59_ 51` 00:1`` en el intervalo espectral 3710{5520. Este objeto es miembro del cúmulo abierto meridional NGC 3114. La comparación de este objeto con otras estrellas Ap Si del campo muestra que tienen en común muchas de las anomalías en sus líneas.

  16. Magnetic Doppler Imaging of Ap stars

    OpenAIRE

    Silvester, J.; Wade, G. A.; Kochukhov, O.; Landstreet, J. D.; Bagnulo, S.

    2007-01-01

    Historically, the magnetic field geometries of the chemically peculiar Ap stars were modelled in the context of a simple dipole field. However, with the acquisition of increasingly sophisticated diagnostic data, it has become clear that the large-scale field topologies exhibit important departures from this simple model. Recently, new high-resolution circular and linear polarisation spectroscopy has even hinted at the presence of strong, small-scale field structures, which were completely une...

  17. Photometry of the extreme helium star HD 124448

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The extreme helium star HD 124448 has been examined for photometric variability on time-scales ranging from hours to years. There is no evidence for light variations of more than 0.02 mag. Following a similar result for BD + 1002179, the criterion for pulsational instability in hot luminous hydrogen-deficient stars appears to be the luminosity to mass ratio of the star. (author)

  18. Photometry of the extreme helium star HD 124448

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jeffery, C.S.; Lynas-Gray, A.E. (Saint Andrews Univ. (UK). Observatory)

    1990-01-01

    The extreme helium star HD 124448 has been examined for photometric variability on time-scales ranging from hours to years. There is no evidence for light variations of more than 0.02 mag. Following a similar result for BD + 10{sup 0}2179, the criterion for pulsational instability in hot luminous hydrogen-deficient stars appears to be the luminosity to mass ratio of the star. (author).

  19. HD 30963: a new HgMn star

    CERN Document Server

    Monier, R; Royer, F

    2016-01-01

    Using high dispersion high quality spectra of HD 30963 obtained with the echelle spectrograph SOPHIE at Observatoire de Haute Provence in November 2015, we show that this star, hitherto classified as a B9 III superficially normal star, is actually a new Chemically Peculiar star of the HgMn type. Spectrum synthesis reveals large overabundances of Mn, Sr, Y, Zr , Pt and Hg and pronounced underabundances of He and Ni which are characteristic of HgMn stars. We therefore propose that this interesting object be reclassified as a B9 HgMn star.

  20. Search for exoplanet around northern circumpolar stars - Four planets around HD 11755, HD 12648, HD 24064, and 8 Ursae Minoris

    CERN Document Server

    Lee, B -C; Lee, S -M; Jeong, G; Oh, H -I; Han, I; Lee, J W; Lee, C -U; Kim, S -L; Kim, K -M

    2015-01-01

    Aims. This program originated as the north pole region extension of the established exoplanet survey using 1.8 m telescope at Bohyunsan Optical Astronomy Observatory (BOAO). The aim of our paper is to find exoplanets in northern circumpolar stars with a precise radial velocity (RV) survey. Methods. We have selected about 200 northern circumpolar stars with the following criteria: Dec. > 70 degree, 0.6 < B-V < 1.6, HIPPARCOS_scat < 0.05 magnitude, and 5.0 < mv < 7.0. The high-resolution, fiber-fed Bohyunsan Observatory Echelle Spectrograph (BOES) was used for the RV survey. Chromospheric activities, the HIPPARCOS photometry, and line bisectors were analyzed to exclude other causes for the RV variations. Results. In 2010, we started to monitor the candidates and have completed initial screening for all stars for the last five years. We present the detection of four new exoplanets. Stars HD 11755, HD 12648, HD 24064, and 8 UMi all show evidence for giant planets in Keplerian motion. The companion ...

  1. The Herbig Ae Star HD 163296 in X-Rays

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swartz, Douglas A.; Drake, Jeremy J.; Elsner, Ronald F.; Ghosh, Kajal K.; Grady, Carol A.; Wassell, Edward

    2004-01-01

    Chandra X-ray imaging spectroscopy of the nearby Herbig Ae star HD 163296 at 100 AU angular resolution is reported. A point-like, soft (kT approximately 0.5 approximately kev), emission-line source is detected at the location of the star with an X-ray luminosity of 4.0e29 erg/s. In addition, faint emission along the direction of a previously-detected Ly-alpha-emitting jet and Herbig-Haro outflow may be present. The relatively low luminosity, lack of a hard spectral component, and absence of strong X-ray variability in HD 163296 can be explained as originating from optically-thin shock-heated gas accreting onto the stellar surface along magnetic field lines. This would require a (dipole) magnetic field strength at the surface of HD 163296 of at least approximately 100 approximately G and perhaps as high as several kG.

  2. The Herbig Ae star HD 163296 in X-rays

    CERN Document Server

    Swartz, D A; Elsner, R F; Ghosh, K K; Grady, C A; Wassell, E; Woodgate, B E; Kimble, R A; Swartz, Douglas A.; Drake, Jeremy J.; Elsner, Ronald F.; Ghosh, Kajal K.; Grady, Carol A.; Wassell, Edward; Woodgate, Bruce E.; Kimble, Randy A.

    2005-01-01

    Chandra X-ray imaging spectroscopy of the nearby Herbig Ae star HD 163296 at 100 AU angular resolution is reported. A point-like, soft (kT~0.5 keV), emission-line source is detected at the location of the star with an X-ray luminosity of 4.0e29 erg/s. In addition, faint emission along the direction of a previously-detected Ly-alpha-emitting jet and Herbig-Haro outflow may be present. The relatively low luminosity, lack of a hard spectral component, and absence of strong X-ray variability in HD 163296 can be explained as originating from optically-thin shock-heated gas accreting onto the stellar surface along magnetic field lines. This would require a (dipole) magnetic field strength at the surface of HD 163296 of at least ~100 G and perhaps as high as several kG. HD 163296 joins the T Tauri star TW Hya in being the only examples known to date of pre-main-sequence stars whose quiescent X-ray emission appears to be completely dominated by accretion.

  3. On the nature of the {delta} Scuti star HD 115520

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pena, J H; Cervantes-Sodi, B; Cano, M; Sorcia, M A [Instituto de AstronomIa, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Mexico D.F., Apdo. Postal 70-264 (Mexico); Fox, L; Alvarez, M [Observatorio Astronomico Nacional, Instituto de Astronomia, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Ensenada B.C., Apdo. Postal 877 (Mexico); Pena, R [Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Mexico D.F. (Mexico); Munoz, G; Vargas, B [Escuela Superior de Ingenier Mecanica y Electrica, Instituto Politecnico Nacional, Av. IPN s/n, 07738 Mexico, D.F. (Mexico); Sareyan, J P [Observatoire de la Cote d' Azur (France)], E-mail: jhpena@astroscu.unam.mx

    2008-10-15

    Observing Delta Scuti stars is most important as their multi-frequency spectrum of radial pulsations provide strong constraints on the physics of the stars interior; so any new detection and observation of these stars is a valuable contribution to asteroseismology. While performing uvby-beta photoelectric photometry of some RR Lyrae stars acquired in 2005 at the Observatorio Astronomico Nacional, Mexico, we also observed several standard stars, HD115520 among them. After the reduction this star showed indications of variability. In view of this, a new observing run was carried out in 2006 during which we were able to demonstrate its variability and its nature as a Delta Scuti star. New observations in 2007 permitted us to determine its periodic content with more accuracy. This, along with the uvby-beta photoelectric photometry allowed us to deduce its physical characteristics and pulsational modes.

  4. Asteroseismology of the $\\delta$ Scuti star HD 50844

    CERN Document Server

    Chen, X H; Lai, X J; Wu, T

    2016-01-01

    Aims. We aim to probe the internal structure and investigate more detailed information of the $\\delta$ Scuti star HD 50844 with asteroseismology. Methods. We analyse the observed frequencies of the $\\delta$ Scuti star HD 50844 obtained by Balona (2014), and search for possible multiplets based on the rotational splitting law of g-mode. We tried to disentangle the frequency spectra of HD 50844 by means of the rotational splitting only. We then compare them with theoretical pulsation modes, which correspond to stellar evolutionary models with various sets of initial metallicity and stellar mass, to find the best-fitting model. Results. There are three multiplets including two complete triplets and one incomplete quintuplet, in which mode identifications for spherical harmonic degree $l$ and azimuthal number $m$ are unique. The corresponding rotational period of HD 50844 is found to be 2.44$^{+0.13}_{-0.08}$ days. The physical parameters of HD 50844 are well limited in a small region by three modes identified as...

  5. A Substellar Companion to the Dusty Pleiades Star HD 23514

    CERN Document Server

    Rodriguez, David R; Zuckerman, B; Macintosh, Bruce; Melis, Carl

    2011-01-01

    With adaptive optics imaging at Keck observatory, we have discovered a substellar companion to the F6 Pleiades star HD 23514, one of the dustiest main-sequence stars known to date (L_{IR}/L_{*}~2%). This is one of the first brown dwarfs discovered as a companion to a star in the Pleiades. The 0.06 M$_\\odot$ late-M secondary has a projected separation of ~360 AU. The scarcity of substellar companions to stellar primaries in the Pleiades combined with the extremely dusty environment make this a unique system to study.

  6. CHARACTERIZING THE RIGIDLY ROTATING MAGNETOSPHERE STARS HD 345439 AND HD 23478

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wisniewski, J. P.; Lomax, J. R. [Homer L. Dodge Department of Physics and Astronomy, The University of Oklahoma, 440 W. Brooks Street, Norman, OK 73019 (United States); Chojnowski, S. D. [Department of Astronomy, New Mexico State University, 1780 E University Avenue, Las Cruces, NM 88003 (United States); Davenport, J. R. A. [Department of Astronomy, University of Washington, Box 351580, Seattle, WA 98195 (United States); Bartz, J.; Pepper, J. [Lehigh University, Department of Physics, 413 Deming Lewis Lab, 16 Memorial Drive, East Bethlehem, PA 18015 (United States); Whelan, D. G. [Department of Physics, Austin College, 900 N. Grand Avenue, Sherman, TX 75090 (United States); Eikenberry, S. S. [Department of Astronomy, University of Florida, 211 Bryant Space Science Center, Gainesville, FL 32611 (United States); Majewski, S. R.; Skrutskie, M. [Department of Astronomy, University of Virginia, P.O. Box 400325, Charlottesville, VA 22904-4325 (United States); Richardson, N. D., E-mail: wisniewski@ou.edu [Département de Physique and Centre de Recherche en Astrophysique du Québec (CRAQ), Université de Montréal, C.P. 6128, Succ. Centre-Ville, Montréal, QC H3C 3J7 (Canada)

    2015-10-01

    The SDSS III APOGEE survey recently identified two new σ Ori E type candidates, HD 345439 and HD 23478, which are a rare subset of rapidly rotating massive stars whose large (kGauss) magnetic fields confine circumstellar material around these systems. Our analysis of multi-epoch photometric observations of HD 345439 from the Kilodegree Extremely Little Telescope, Wide Angle Search for Planets, and ASAS surveys reveals the presence of a ∼0.7701 day period in each data set, suggesting the system is among the faster known σ Ori E analogs. We also see clear evidence that the strength of Hα, H i Brackett series lines, and He i lines also vary on a ∼0.7701 day period from our analysis of multi-epoch, multi-wavelength spectroscopic monitoring of the system from the APO 3.5 m telescope. We trace the evolution of select emission line profiles in the system, and observe coherent line profile variability in both optical and infrared H i lines, as expected for rigidly rotating magnetosphere stars. We also analyze the evolution of the H i Br-11 line strength and line profile in multi-epoch observations of HD 23478 from the SDSS-III APOGEE instrument. The observed periodic behavior is consistent with that recently reported by Sikora and collaborators in optical spectra.

  7. Chemical Abundances of the magnetic CP star HD 168733

    Science.gov (United States)

    Collado, A.; López-García, Z.

    2009-04-01

    A detailed abundance analysis has been carried out for the magnetic CP star HD 168733 using high-resolution spectra obtained with the EBASIM echelle spectrograph at the 2.1 m CASLEO telescope in Argentina. The spectral coverage is 382-700 nm. It is neither a silicon nor a mercury-manganese star. Compared to the Sun, C and N are slightly overabundant, while Mg and S are deficient, Si is normal and P and Cl are overabundant. The iron peak elements Sc, Ti, Cr and Fe are overabundant. Lines of Ti III and Fe III are also identified. HD 168733 shows a great overabundance of Ga, Sr, Y, Zr, Xe, Pt, Hg and of some rare earths.

  8. HD 98618: A Star Closely Resembling our Sun

    CERN Document Server

    Melendez, J; Robles, J A; Dodds-Eden, Katie; Melendez, Jorge; Observatory, RSAA/Mt Stromlo

    2006-01-01

    Despite the observational effort carried out in the last few decades, no perfect solar twin has been found to date. An important milestone was achieved a decade ago by Porto de Mello & da Silva, who showed that 18 Sco is almost a solar twin. In the present work, we use extremely high resolution (R = 10^5) high S/N Keck HIRES spectra to carry out a differential analysis of sixteen solar twin candidates. We show that HD 98618 is the second closest solar twin, and that the fundamental parameters of both HD 98618 and 18 Sco are very similar (within a few percent) to the host star of our solar system, including the likelihood of hosting a terrestrial planet within their habitable zone. We suggest that these stars should be given top priority in exoplanet and SETI surveys.

  9. VizieR Online Data Catalog: HST photometry of stars in HD 97950 (Pang+, 2016)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pang, X.; Pasquali, A.; Grebel, E. K.

    2016-07-01

    The HD97950 cluster and its immediate surroundings in the giant HII region NGC3603 were observed with the Hubble Space Telescope (HST). The ultraviolet (UV) data were taken with the High Resolution Channel (HRC) of the Advanced Camera for Surveys (ACS) in 2005 (GO 10602, PI: Jesus Maiz Apellaniz) through the F220W, F250W, F330W, and F435W filters. The HRC is characterized by a spatial resolution of 0.03"/pixel and a field of view of 29''*25''. The optical observations were carried out with the Wide Field and Planetary Camera 2 (WFPC2) in two epochs: 1997 (GO 6763, PI: Laurent Drissen) and 2007 (GO 11193, PI: Wolfgang Brandner) through the F555W, F675W, and F814W filters. The Planetary Camera (PC) chip was centered on the cluster (0.045"/pixel, 40''*40'') for both programs. Pang et al. 2013 (cat. J/ApJ/764/73) reduced the two-epoch WFPC2 data and identified more than 400 member stars on the PC chip via relative proper motions. Of these member stars, 142 are in common between the HRC and PC images and thus have UV and optical photometry available (see Table1). Among the HD97950 cluster member stars determined from relative proper motions (Pang et al. 2013, cat. J/ApJ/764/73, Table2), there are five main-sequence (MS) stars located in the cluster with projected distances of r<0.7pc from the center, for which there are also spectral types available from Table3 of Melena et al. (2008AJ....135..878M). The photometry of these five MS stars is presented in Table2. The individual color excesses and extinctions of the member main sequence stars are listed in Table3. (3 data files).

  10. Characterizing the Rigidly Rotating Magnetosphere Stars HD 345439 and HD 23478

    CERN Document Server

    Wisniewski, J P; Davenport, J R A; Bartz, J; Pepper, J; Whelan, D G; Eikenberry, S S; Lomax, J R; Majewski, S R; Richardson, N D; Skrutskie, M

    2015-01-01

    The SDSS III APOGEE survey recently identified two new $\\sigma$ Ori E type candidates, HD 345439 and HD 23478, which are a rare subset of rapidly rotating massive stars whose large (kGauss) magnetic fields confine circumstellar material around these systems. Our analysis of multi-epoch photometric observations of HD 345439 from the KELT, SuperWASP, and ASAS surveys reveals the presence of a $\\sim$0.7701 day period in each dataset, suggesting the system is amongst the faster known $\\sigma$ Ori E analogs. We also see clear evidence that the strength of H-alpha, H I Brackett series lines, and He I lines also vary on a $\\sim$0.7701 day period from our analysis of multi-epoch, multi-wavelength spectroscopic monitoring of the system from the APO 3.5m telescope. We trace the evolution of select emission line profiles in the system, and observe coherent line profile variability in both optical and infrared H I lines, as expected for rigidly rotating magnetosphere stars. We also analyze the evolution of the H I Br-11 ...

  11. CNO and F abundances in the barium star HD 123396

    CERN Document Server

    Alves-Brito, Alan; Yong, David; Meléndez, Jorge; Vásquez, Sergio

    2011-01-01

    [Abridged] Barium stars are moderately rare chemically peculiar objects which are believed to be the result of the pollution of an otherwise normal star by material from an evolved companion on the asymptotic giant branch (AGB). We aim to derive carbon, nitrogen, oxygen, and fluorine abundances for the first time from infrared spectra of the barium red giant star HD 123396 to quantitatively test AGB nucleosynthesis models for producing barium stars via mass accretion. High-resolution and high S/N infrared spectra were obtained using the Phoenix spectrograph mounted at the Gemini South telescope. The abundances were obtained through spectrum synthesis of individual atomic and molecular lines, using the MOOG stellar line analysis program together with Kurucz's stellar atmosphere models. The analysis was classical, using 1D stellar models and spectral synthesis under the assumption of local thermodynamic equilibrium. We confirm that HD 123396 is a metal-deficient barium star ([Fe/H] = -1.05), with A(C) = 7.88, A...

  12. Study of the properties and spectral energy distributions of the Herbig AeBe stars HD 34282 and HD 141569

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Merin, B; Montesinos, B; Eiroa, C; Solano, E; Mora, A; D'Alessio, P; Calvet, N; Oudmaijer, RD; de Winter, D; Davies, JK; Harris, AW; Cameron, A; Deeg, HJ; Ferlet, R; Garzon, F; Grady, CA; Horne, K; Miranda, LF; Palacios, J; Penny, A; Quirrenbach, A; Rauer, H; Schneider, J; Wesselius, PR

    2004-01-01

    We present a study of the stellar parameters, distances and spectral energy distributions (SEDs) of HD 34282 and HD 141569, two pre-main sequence Herbig AeBe stars. Both objects have been reported to show "anomalous positions" in the HR diagram in the sense that they appear below the main sequence.

  13. Kepler observations of rapidly oscillating Ap, δ Scuti and γ Doradus pulsations in Ap stars

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Balona, Luis A.; Cunha, Margarida S.; Kurtz, Donald W.;

    2011-01-01

    Observations of the A5p star KIC 8677585 obtained during the Kepler 10-d commissioning run with 1-min time resolution show that it is a rapidly oscillating Ap (roAp) star with several frequencies with periods near 10 min. In addition, a low frequency at 3.142 d−1 is also clearly present. Multiper......Observations of the A5p star KIC 8677585 obtained during the Kepler 10-d commissioning run with 1-min time resolution show that it is a rapidly oscillating Ap (roAp) star with several frequencies with periods near 10 min. In addition, a low frequency at 3.142 d−1 is also clearly present....... Multiperiodic γ Doradus (γ Dor) and δ Scuti (δ Sct) pulsations, never before seen in any Ap star, are present in Kepler observations of at least three other Ap stars. Since γ Dor pulsations are seen in Ap stars, it is likely that the low frequency in KIC 8677585 is also a γ Dor pulsation. The simultaneous...

  14. Doppler-Zeeman mapping of magnetic CP stars The case of the CP star HD 215441

    CERN Document Server

    Khokhlova, V L; Stepanov, V V; Tsymbal, V V

    1998-01-01

    The recently developed method of Doppler-Zeeman mapping of magnetic CP stars (Vasilchenko et al.,1996, hereafter referenced as V.S.K., and also the contribution to this volume) confirmed its efficiency and robustness not only for model tests but also in the case of a real star. The method was used for mapping Babcock's star HD 215441, wich has the strongest known magnetic field and resolved Zeeman components in the lines of its spectra.

  15. Evidence for Magnetic Star-Planet Interactions in HD 189733

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wolk, S. J.; Pillitteri, I.; Kashyap, V.; Cohen, O.; Lisse, C.; Knutson, H. A.

    2011-12-01

    We report on XMM-Newton observations of the planetary host star HD 189733. The system has a close in planet and it can potentially affect the coronal structure via interactions with the magnetosphere. During the 2009 secondary eclipse we observed a softening of the X-ray spectrum significant at level of ˜3σ. Further, we observed the most intense flare recorded at either epochs. This flare occurred 3 ks after the end of the eclipse. The flare decay shows several minor ignitions perhaps linked to the main event and hinting for secondary loops that emit triggered by the main loop. Magneto-Hydro-Dynamical (MHD) simulations show that the magnetic interaction between planet and star enhances the density and the magnetic field in a region comprised between the planet and the star because of their relative orbital/rotation motion.

  16. An Analysis of the Rapidly Rotating Bp Star HD 133880

    CERN Document Server

    Bailey, J D; Shultz, M; Wade, G; Landstreet, J D; Bohlender, D; Lim, J; Wong, K; Drake, S; Linsky, J

    2012-01-01

    HD 133880 is a rapidly rotating Bp star and host to one of the strongest magnetic fields of any Bp star. A member of the Upper Centaurus Lupus association, it is a star with a well-determined age of 16 Myr. Twelve new spectra obtained from the FEROS, ESPaDOnS, and HARPS instruments, provide sufficient material from which to re-evaluate the magnetic field and obtain a first approximation to the atmospheric abundance distributions of various elements. Using the new magnetic field measurements and optical photometry together with previously published data, we refine the period of HD 133880 to P = 0.877476 \\pm 0.000009 days. The magnetic field structure was characterised by a colinear multipole expansion from the observed variations of the longitudinal and surface fields with rotational phase. This simple axisymmetric magnetic field model is based on a predominantly quadrupolar component that roughly describes the field variations. Using spectrum synthesis, we derived mean abundances for O, Mg, Si, Ti, Cr, Fe, Nd...

  17. The CP Galium Stars in the UV. I. HD 168733

    Science.gov (United States)

    Collado, A.; López García, Z.; Levato, H.; Malaroda, S.

    HD 168733 is a magnetic CP star with an unusual spectrum. It was not possible to assign this star to the Si or HgMn group. Jaschek & Jaschek (A&A, 171, 380, 1987) have included this star in a list of objects having strong UV Gallium lines. In order to get some clues about the real nature of this star, we are performing an elemental abundance analysis of this star using spectrograms obtained with EBASIM spectrograph attached to CASLEO 2.15 m telescope. The reduction of the observational material and the measurements of the equivalent widths were carried out using the appropriate IRAF tasks. The atmospheric parameters Teff and log g were determined using uvbybeta photometry and TemLogG code with the corrections suggested by Adelman & Rayle (A&A 447, 685, 2000) for magnetic CP stars. The adopted values are: Teff = 13274 K, log g = 3.58. The chemical abundances are being calculating using WIDTH9 code.

  18. Chemical spots on the surface of the strongly magnetic Herbig Ae star HD 101412

    CERN Document Server

    Järvinen, S P; Schöller, M; Ilyin, I; Carroll, T A; Korhonen, H

    2016-01-01

    Due to the knowledge of the rotation period and the presence of a rather strong surface magnetic field, the sharp-lined young Herbig Ae star HD 101412 with a rotation period of 42 d has become one of the most well-studied targets among the Herbig Ae stars. High-resolution HARPS polarimetric spectra of HD 101412 were recently obtained on seven different epochs. Our study of the spectral variability over the part of the rotation cycle covered by HARPS observations reveals that the line profiles of the elements Mg, Si, Ca, Ti, Cr, Mn, Fe, and Sr are clearly variable while He exhibits variability that is opposite to the behaviour of the other elements studied. Since classical Ap stars usually show a relationship between the magnetic field geometry and the distribution of element spots, we used in our magnetic field measurements different line samples belonging to the three elements with the most numerous spectral lines, Ti, Cr, and Fe. Over the time interval covered by the available spectra, the longitudinal magn...

  19. The Nainital–Cape Survey: A Search for Variability in Ap and Am Stars

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Santosh Joshi

    2005-06-01

    The ``Nainital–Cape Survey” program for searching photometric variability in chemically peculiar (CP) stars was initiated in 1997 at ARIES, Nainital. We present here the results obtained to date. The Am stars HD 98851, HD 102480, HD 13079 and HD 113878 were discovered to exhibit Scuti type variability. Photometric variability was also discovered in HD 13038, for which the type of peculiarity and variability is not fully explained. The null results of this survey are also presented and discussed.

  20. Far-ultraviolet energy distributions of the metal-poor A stars HD 109995 and HD 161817

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boehm-Vitense, E.

    1981-01-01

    Low-resolution IUE spectra at wavelengths between 1300 and 3400 A of the metal-poor stars HD 109995 (A1p) and HD 161817 (A4p) have been compared with model-atmosphere energy distributions computed by Kurucz (1979). Good overall agreement is found. Effective temperatures, metal abundances, and angular diameters could be determined. Assuming an absolute visual magnitude of 0.7, the previously determined gravity log = 3 yields masses of 0.5 solar masses for both stars. It is found that the theoretical UBV colors calculated earlier agree reaonably well with the ones observed for these stars.

  1. Magnetic Doppler Imaging of He-strong star HD 184927

    CERN Document Server

    Yakunin, I; Bohlender, D; Kochukhov, O; Tsymbal, V

    2013-01-01

    We have employed an extensive new timeseries of Stokes I and V spectra obtained with the ESPaDOnS spectropolarimeter at the 3.6-m Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope to investigate the physical parameters, chemical abundance distributions and magnetic field topology of the slowly-rotating He-strong star HD 184927. We infer a rotation period of 9.53071+-0.00120 from H-alpha, H-beta, LSD magnetic measurements and EWs of helium lines. We used an extensive NLTE TLUSTY grid along with the SYNSPEC code to model the observed spectra and find a new value of luminosity. In this poster we present the derived physical parameters of the star and the results of Magnetic Doppler Imaging analysis of the Stokes I and V profiles. Wide wings of helium lines can be described only under the assumption of the presence of a large, very helium-rich spot.

  2. A Brightness-Referenced Star Identification Algorithm for APS Star Trackers

    OpenAIRE

    Peng Zhang; Qile Zhao; Jingnan Liu; Ning Liu

    2014-01-01

    Star trackers are currently the most accurate spacecraft attitude sensors. As a result, they are widely used in remote sensing satellites. Since traditional charge-coupled device (CCD)-based star trackers have a limited sensitivity range and dynamic range, the matching process for a star tracker is typically not very sensitive to star brightness. For active pixel sensor (APS) star trackers, the intensity of an imaged star is valuable information that can be used in star identification process...

  3. Diffusion and Settling in Ap/Bp Stars

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Turcotte, S

    2003-04-09

    Ap/Bp stars are magnetic chemically peculiar early A and late B type stars of the main sequence. They exhibit peculiar surface abundance anomalies that are thought to be the result of gravitational settling and radiative levitation. The physics of diffusion in these stars are reviewed briefly and some model predictions are discussed. While models reproduce some observations reasonably well, more work is needed before the behavior of diffusing elements in a complex magnetic field is fully understood.

  4. Diffusion and Settling in Ap/Bp Stars

    CERN Document Server

    Turcotte, S

    2003-01-01

    Ap/Bp stars are magnetic chemically peculiar early A and late B type stars of the main sequence. They exhibit peculiar surface abundance anomalies that are thought to be the result of gravitational settling and radiative levitation. The physics of diffusion in these stars are reviewed briefly and some model predictions are discussed. While models reproduce some observations reasonably well, more work is needed before the behavior of diffusing elements in a complex magnetic field is fully understood.

  5. ACCRETION VARIABILITY OF HERBIG Ae/Be STARS OBSERVED BY X-SHOOTER HD 31648 AND HD 163296

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mendigutía, I.; Brittain, S. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Clemson University, Clemson, SC 29634-0978 (United States); Eiroa, C.; Meeus, G. [Departamento de Física Teórica, Módulo 15, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, P.O. Box 78, E-28049, Cantoblanco, Madrid (Spain); Montesinos, B. [Centro de Astrobiología, Departamento de Astrofísica (CSIC-INTA), ESAC Campus, P.O. Box 78, E-28691 Villanueva de la Cañada, Madrid (Spain); Mora, A. [GAIA Science Operations Centre, ESA, European Space Astronomy Centre, P.O. Box 78, E-28691, Villanueva de la Cañada, Madrid (Spain); Muzerolle, J. [Space Telescope Science Institute, 3700 San Martin Drive, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States); Oudmaijer, R. D. [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Leeds, Woodhouse Lane, Leeds LS2 9JT (United Kingdom); Rigliaco, E., E-mail: imendig@clemson.edu [Department of Planetary Science, Lunar and Planetary Lab, University of Arizona, 1629, E. University Boulevard, 85719, Tucson, AZ (United States)

    2013-10-10

    This work presents X-Shooter/Very Large Telescope spectra of the prototypical, isolated Herbig Ae stars HD 31648 (MWC 480) and HD 163296 over five epochs separated by timescales ranging from days to months. Each spectrum spans over a wide wavelength range covering from 310 to 2475 nm. We have monitored the continuum excess in the Balmer region of the spectra and the luminosity of 12 ultraviolet, optical, and near-infrared spectral lines that are commonly used as accretion tracers for T Tauri stars. The observed strengths of the Balmer excesses have been reproduced from a magnetospheric accretion shock model, providing a mean mass accretion rate of 1.11 × 10{sup –7} and 4.50 × 10{sup –7} M{sub ☉} yr{sup –1} for HD 31648 and HD 163296, respectively. Accretion rate variations are observed, being more pronounced for HD 31648 (up to 0.5 dex). However, from the comparison with previous results it is found that the accretion rate of HD 163296 has increased by more than 1 dex, on a timescale of ∼15 yr. Averaged accretion luminosities derived from the Balmer excess are consistent with the ones inferred from the empirical calibrations with the emission line luminosities, indicating that those can be extrapolated to HAe stars. In spite of that, the accretion rate variations do not generally coincide with those estimated from the line luminosities, suggesting that the empirical calibrations are not useful to accurately quantify accretion rate variability.

  6. Accurate radio and optical positions for the radio star HD 36705 (AB Doradus)

    Science.gov (United States)

    White, Graeme L.; Jauncey, David L.; Batty, Michael J.; Peters, W. L.; Gulkis, S.

    1988-01-01

    Arc-second position measurements of the active star HD 36705 (AB Dor) and of the variable radio source found nearby are presented. These measurements show that the radio source is clearly identified with HD 36705 and not with the nearby red-dwarf star Rst 137B.

  7. Study of the properties and spectral energy distributions of the Herbig AeBe stars HD 34282 and HD 141569

    CERN Document Server

    Merin, B; Eiroa, C; Solano, E; Mora, A; D'Alessio, P; Calvet, N

    2004-01-01

    We present a study of the stellar parameters, distances and spectral energy distributions (SEDs) of HD 34282 and HD 141569, two pre-main sequence Herbig AeBe stars. Both objects have been reported to show `anomalous positions' in the HR diagram in the sense that they appear below the main sequence. A significant result of this work is that both stars are metal-deficient. The {\\it Hipparcos} distance of HD 34282 is very uncertain and the current study places the star at the expected evolutionary position in the HR diagram, i.e. as a PMS star. The distance for HD 141569 found in this work matches the {\\it Hipparcos} distance, and the problem of its anomalous position is solved as a result of the low metallicity of the object: using the right metallicity tracks, the star is in the PMS region. The SEDs are constructed using data covering ultraviolet to millimetre wavelengths. Physical, non-parametric models, have been applied in order to extract some properties of the disks surrounding the stars. The disk around ...

  8. Photometric variability of the Herbig Ae star HD 37806

    CERN Document Server

    Rucinski, S M; Hareter, M; Pojmanski, G; Kuschnig, R; Matthews, J M; Guenther, D B; Moffat, A F J; Sasselov, D; Weiss, W W

    2010-01-01

    The more massive counterparts of T Tauri stars, Herbig Ae/Be stars, are known to vary in a complex way with no variability mechanism clearly identified. We attempt to characterize the optical variability of HD~37806 (MWC 120) on time scales ranging between minutes and several years. A continuous, one-minute resolution, 21 day-long sequence of MOST (Microvariability & Oscillations of STars) satellite observations has been analyzed using wavelet, scalegram and dispersion analysis tools. The MOST data have been augmented by sparse observations over 9 seasons from ASAS (All Sky Automated Survey), by previously non-analyzed ESO (European Southern Observatory) data partly covering 3 seasons and by archival measurements dating back half a century ago. Mutually superimposed flares or accretion instabilities grow in size from about 0.0003 of the mean flux on a time scale of minutes to a peak-to-peak range of <~0.05 on a time scale of a few years. The resulting variability has properties of stochastic "red" nois...

  9. Accretion variability of Herbig Ae/Be stars observed by X-Shooter. HD 31648 and HD 163296

    CERN Document Server

    Mendigutía, I; Eiroa, C; Meeus, G; Montesinos, B; Mora, A; Muzerolle, J; Oudmaijer, R D; Rigliaco, E

    2013-01-01

    This work presents X-Shooter/VLT spectra of the prototypical, isolated Herbig Ae stars HD 31648 (MWC 480) and HD 163296 over five epochs separated by timescales ranging from days to months. Each spectrum spans over a wide wavelength range covering from 310 to 2475 nm. We have monitored the continuum excess in the Balmer region of the spectra and the luminosity of twelve ultraviolet, optical and near infrared spectral lines that are commonly used as accretion tracers for T Tauri stars. The observed strengths of the Balmer excesses have been reproduced from a magnetospheric accretion shock model, providing a mean mass accretion rate of 1.11 x 10^-7 and 4.50 x 10^-7 Msun yr^-1 for HD 31648 and HD 163296, respectively. Accretion rate variations are observed, being more pronounced for HD 31648 (up to 0.5 dex). However, from the comparison with previous results it is found that the accretion rate of HD 163296 has increased by more than 1 dex, on a timescale of ~ 15 years. Averaged accretion luminosities derived fro...

  10. Autonomous star tracker based on active pixel sensors (APS)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmidt, U.

    2004-06-01

    Star trackers are opto-electronic sensors used onboard of satellites for the autonomous inertial attitude determination. During the last years, star trackers became more and more important in the field of the attitude and orbit control system (AOCS) sensors. High performance star trackers are based up today on charge coupled device (CCD) optical camera heads. The Jena-Optronik GmbH is active in the field of opto-electronic sensors like star trackers since the early 80-ties. Today, with the product family ASTRO5, ASTRO10 and ASTRO15, all marked segments like earth observation, scientific applications and geo-telecom are supplied to European and Overseas customers. A new generation of star trackers can be designed based on the APS detector technical features. The measurement performance of the current CCD based star trackers can be maintained, the star tracker functionality, reliability and robustness can be increased while the unit costs are saved.

  11. The Physical Parameters of the Retired A Star HD185351

    CERN Document Server

    Johnson, John Asher; Boyajian, Tabetha; Brewer, John M; White, Timothy R; von Braun, Kaspar; Maestro, Vicente; Stello, Dennis; Barclay, Thomas

    2014-01-01

    We report here an analysis of the physical stellar parameters of the giant star HD185351 using Kepler short-cadence photometry, optical and near infrared interferometry from CHARA, and high-resolution spectroscopy. Asteroseismic oscillations detected in the Kepler short-cadence photometry combined with an effective temperature calculated from the interferometric angular diameter and bolometric flux yield a mean density, rho_star = 0.0130 +- 0.0003 rho_sun and surface gravity, logg = 3.280 +- 0.011. Combining the gravity and density we find Rstar = 5.35 +- 0.20 Rsun and Mstar = 1.99 +- 0.23 Msun. The trigonometric parallax and CHARA angular diameter give a radius Rstar = 4.97 +- 0.07 Rsun. This smaller radius,when combined with the mean stellar density, corresponds to a stellar mass Mstar = 1.60 +- 0.08 Msun, which is smaller than the asteroseismic mass by 1.6-sigma. We find that a larger mass is supported by the observation of mixed modes in our high-precision photometry, the spacing of which is consistent on...

  12. Chemical spots on the surface of the strongly magnetic Herbig Ae star HD 101412

    Science.gov (United States)

    Järvinen, S. P.; Hubrig, S.; Schöller, M.; Ilyin, I.; Carroll, T. A.; Korhonen, H.

    2016-03-01

    Due to the knowledge of the rotation period and the presence of a rather strong surface magnetic field, the sharp-lined young Herbig Ae star HD 101412 with a rotation period of 42 d has become one of the most well-studied targets among the Herbig Ae stars. High-resolution HARPS polarimetric spectra of HD 101412 were recently obtained on seven different epochs. Our study of the spectral variability over the part of the rotation cycle covered by HARPS observations reveals that the line profiles of the elements Mg, Si, Ca, Ti, Cr, Mn, Fe, and Sr are clearly variable while He exhibits variability that is opposite to the behaviour of the other elements studied. Since classical Ap stars usually show a relationship between the magnetic field geometry and the distribution of element spots, we used in our magnetic field measurements different line samples belonging to the three elements with the most numerous spectral lines, Ti, Cr, and Fe. Over the time interval covered by the available spectra, the longitudinal magnetic field changes sign from negative to positive polarity. The distribution of field values obtained using Ti, Cr, and Fe lines is, however, completely different compared to the magnetic field values determined in previous low-resolution FORS 2 measurements, where hydrogen Balmer lines are the main contributors to the magnetic field measurements, indicating the presence of concentration of the studied iron-peak elements in the region of the magnetic equator. Further, we discuss the potential role of contamination by the surrounding warm circumstellar matter in the appearance of Zeeman features obtained using Ti lines. Based on data obtained from the ESO Science Archive Facility under request MSCHOELLER 101895 (ESO programme Nos. 081.C-0410(A), 085.C-0137(A), and 187.D-0917(D)).

  13. A brightness-referenced star identification algorithm for APS star trackers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Peng; Zhao, Qile; Liu, Jingnan; Liu, Ning

    2014-01-01

    Star trackers are currently the most accurate spacecraft attitude sensors. As a result, they are widely used in remote sensing satellites. Since traditional charge-coupled device (CCD)-based star trackers have a limited sensitivity range and dynamic range, the matching process for a star tracker is typically not very sensitive to star brightness. For active pixel sensor (APS) star trackers, the intensity of an imaged star is valuable information that can be used in star identification process. In this paper an improved brightness referenced star identification algorithm is presented. This algorithm utilizes the k-vector search theory and adds imaged stars' intensities to narrow the search scope and therefore increase the efficiency of the matching process. Based on different imaging conditions (slew, bright bodies, etc.) the developed matching algorithm operates in one of two identification modes: a three-star mode, and a four-star mode. If the reference bright stars (the stars brighter than three magnitude) show up, the algorithm runs the three-star mode and efficiency is further improved. The proposed method was compared with other two distinctive methods the pyramid and geometric voting methods. All three methods were tested with simulation data and actual in orbit data from the APS star tracker of ZY-3. Using a catalog composed of 1500 stars, the results show that without false stars the efficiency of this new method is 4~5 times that of the pyramid method and 35~37 times that of the geometric method. PMID:25299950

  14. A Brightness-Referenced Star Identification Algorithm for APS Star Trackers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peng Zhang

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Star trackers are currently the most accurate spacecraft attitude sensors. As a result, they are widely used in remote sensing satellites. Since traditional charge-coupled device (CCD-based star trackers have a limited sensitivity range and dynamic range, the matching process for a star tracker is typically not very sensitive to star brightness. For active pixel sensor (APS star trackers, the intensity of an imaged star is valuable information that can be used in star identification process. In this paper an improved brightness referenced star identification algorithm is presented. This algorithm utilizes the k-vector search theory and adds imaged stars’ intensities to narrow the search scope and therefore increase the efficiency of the matching process. Based on different imaging conditions (slew, bright bodies, etc. the developed matching algorithm operates in one of two identification modes: a three-star mode, and a four-star mode. If the reference bright stars (the stars brighter than three magnitude show up, the algorithm runs the three-star mode and efficiency is further improved. The proposed method was compared with other two distinctive methods the pyramid and geometric voting methods. All three methods were tested with simulation data and actual in orbit data from the APS star tracker of ZY-3. Using a catalog composed of 1500 stars, the results show that without false stars the efficiency of this new method is 4~5 times that of the pyramid method and 35~37 times that of the geometric method.

  15. Characterisation of the magnetic fields of the Herbig Be stars HD 200775 and V380 0ri

    CERN Document Server

    Alecian, E; Catala, C; Bagnulo, S; Böhm, T; Bouret, J C; Donati, J F; Folsom, C P; Landstreet, J D; Silvester, J

    2006-01-01

    The origin of the magnetic fields of the chemically peculiar main sequence Ap/Bp stars is still matter of intense debate. The recent discoveries of magnetic fields in Herbig Ae/Be stars using high resolution data obtained with the spectropolarimeter ESPaDOnS at CFHT provide a strong argument in favour of the fossil field hypothesis. Using a simple oblique rotator model of a centered dipole, we fit the Stokes V LSD profiles of two of these magnetic HAeBe stars, HD 200775 and V380 Ori, as well as their variations on timescales from days to months. We find that in both cases the dipole hypothesis is acceptable and we determine the rotation period, the angle between rotation and magnetic axes and the intensity of the magnetic field at pole.

  16. Abundance analysis of the supergiant stars HD 80057 and HD 80404 based on their UVES Spectra

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tanrıverdi, T.; Baştürk, Ö.

    2016-08-01

    This study presents elemental abundances of the early A-type supergiant HD 80057 and the late A-type supergiant HD 80404. High resolution and high signal-to-noise ratio spectra published by the UVES Paranal Observatory Project (Bagnulo et al., 2003)1

  17. Miniature Autonomous Star Tracker Based on CMOS APS

    OpenAIRE

    Ying, Dong; Zheng, You; Fei, Xing; Qin, Chou

    2006-01-01

    An APS (Active Pixel Sensor) based autonomous star tracker (AAST) has been proposed for small satellite and microsatellite attitude determination. A prototype of AAST has been developed. It has low mass of 1kg, low power of 3W, high rate up to 5Hz, and acquisition success rate of higher than 99.9%. The improvements in dimensions and performances are realized with the replacement of the CCD (Charge Coupled Device) by the APS. The optical design of the prototype is based on PSF (Point Spread Fu...

  18. The Environment of the Optically Brightest Herbig Ae Star, HD 104237

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grady, C. A.; Woodgate, B.; Torres, Carlos A. O.; Henning, Th.; Apai, D.; Rodmann, J.; Wang, Hongchi; Stecklum, B.; Linz, H.; Williger, G. M.; Brown, A.; Wilkinson, E.; Harper, G. M.; Herczeg, G. J.; Danks, A.; Vieira, G. L.; Malumuth, E.; Collins, N. R.; Hill, R. S.

    2004-06-01

    We investigate the environment of the nearest Herbig Ae star, HD 104237, with a multiwavelength combination of optical coronagraphic, near-IR, and mid-IR imaging supported by optical, UV, and far-ultraviolet spectroscopy. We confirm the presence of T Tauri stars associated with the Herbig Ae star HD 104237, noted by Feigelson et al. We find that two of the stars within 15" of HD 104237 have IR excesses, potentially indicating the presence of circumstellar disks, in addition to the Herbig Ae star itself. We derive a new spectral type of A7.5Ve-A8Ve for HD 104237 and find log(L/Lsolar)=1.39. With these data, HD 104237 has an age of t~5 Myr, in agreement with the estimates for the other members of the association. HD 104237 is still actively accreting, with a conspicuous UV/far-UV excess seen down to 1040 Å, and is driving a bipolar microjet termed HH 669. This makes it the second, older Herbig Ae star now known to have a microjet. The presence of the microjet enables us to constrain the circumstellar disk to rExplorer. FUSE is operated for NASA by the Johns Hopkins University under NASA contract NAS5-32985.

  19. Abundance analysis of the supergiant stars HD 80057 and HD 80404 based on their UVES Spectra

    CERN Document Server

    Tanrıverdi, Taner

    2015-01-01

    This study presents elemental abundances of the early A-type supergiant HD 80057 and the late A-type supergiant HD80404. High resolution and high signal-to-noise ratio spectra published by the UVES Paranal Observatory Project (Bagnulo et al., 2003) were analysed to compute their elemental abundances using ATLAS9 (Kurucz, 1993, 2005; Sbordone et al., 2004). In our analysis we assumed local thermodynamic equilibrium. The atmospheric parameters of HD 80057 used in this study are from Firnstein & Przybilla (2012), and that of HD80404 are derived from spectral energy distribution, ionization equilibria of Cr I/II and Fe I/II, and the fits to the wings of Balmer lines and Paschen lines as Teff = 7700 +/- 150 K and log g=1.60 +/- 0.15 (in cgs). The microturbulent velocities of HD 80057 and HD 80404 have been determined as 4.3 +/- 0.1 and 2.2 +/- 0.7 km s^-1 . The rotational velocities are 15 +/-1 and 7 +/- 2 km s^-1 and their macroturbulence velocities are 24 +/-2 and 2+/-1 km s^-1 . We have given the abundances...

  20. The Chemical Compositions of Very Metal-Poor Stars HD 122563 and HD 140283; A View From the Infrared

    CERN Document Server

    Afşar, Melike; Frebel, Anna; Kim, Hwihyun; Mace, Gregory N; Kaplan, Kyle F; Lee, Hye-In; Oh, Hee-Young; Oh, Jae Sok; Pak, Soojong; Park, Chan; Pavel, Michael D; Yuk, In-Soo; Jaffe, Daniel T

    2016-01-01

    From high resolution (R = 45,000), high signal-to-noise (S/N > 400) spectra gathered with the Immersion Grating Infrared Spectrograph (IGRINS) in the H and K photometric bands, we have derived elemental abundances of two bright, well-known metal-poor halo stars: the red giant HD 122563 and the subgiant HD 140283. Since these stars have metallicities approaching [Fe/H] = -3, their absorption features are generally very weak. Neutral-species lines of Mg, Si, S and Ca are detectable, as well as those of the light odd-Z elements Na and Al. The derived IR-based abundances agree with those obtained from optical-wavelength spectra. For Mg and Si the abundances from the infrared transitions are improvements to those derived from shorter wavelength data. Many useful OH and CO lines can be detected in the IGRINS HD 122563 spectrum, from which derived O and C abundances are consistent to those obtained from the traditional [O I] and CH features. IGRINS high resolutions H- and K-band spectroscopy offers promising ways to...

  1. Variability of Disk Emission in Pre-main-sequence and Related Stars. I. HD 31648 and HD 163296: Isolated Herbig Ae Stars Driving Herbig-Haro Flows

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sitko, Michael L.; Carpenter, William J.; Kimes, Robin L.; Wilde, J. Leon; Lynch, David K.; Russell, Ray W.; Rudy, Richard J.; Mazuk, Stephan M.; Venterini, Catherine C.; Puetter, Richard C.; Grady, Carol A.; Polomski, Elisha F.; Wisnewski, John P.; Brafford, Suellen M.; Hammel, H. B.; Perry, R. Brad

    2008-01-01

    Infrared photometry and spectroscopy covering a time span of a quarter-century are presented for HD 31648 (MWC 480) and HD 163296 (MWC 275). Both are isolated Herbig Ae stars that exhibit signs of active accretion, including driving bipolar flows with embedded Herbig-Haro (HH) objects. HD 163296 was found to be relatively quiescent photometrically in its inner disk region, with the exception of a major increase in emitted flux in a broad wavelength region centered near 3 micron in 2002. In contrast, HD 31648 has exhibited sporadic changes in the entire 3-13 micron region throughout this span of time. In both stars, the changes in the 1-5 micron flux indicate structural changes in the region of the disk near the dust sublimation zone, possibly causing its distance from the star to vary with time. Repeated thermal cycling through this region will result in the preferential survival of large grains, and an increase in the degree of crystallinity. The variability observed in these objects has important consequences for the interpretation of other types of observations. For example, source variability will compromise models based on interferometry measurements unless the interferometry observations are accompanied by nearly simultaneous photometric data.

  2. Variability of Disk Emission in Pre-Main Sequence and Related Stars. I. HD 31648 and HD 163296 - Isolated Herbig Ae Stars Driving Herbig-Haro Flows

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sitko, Michael L.; Carpenter, William J.; Kimes, Robin L.; Lynch, David K.; Russell, Ray W.; Rudy, Richard J.; Mazuk, Stephan M.; Venturini, Catherine C.; Puetter, Richard C.; Grady, Carol A.; Polomski, Elisha F.; Wisnewski, John P.; Brafford, Suellen M.; Hammel, H. B.; Perry, Raleigh B.

    2007-01-01

    Infrared photometry and spectroscopy covering a time span of a quarter century are presented for HD 31648 (MWC 480) and HD 163296 (MWC 275). Both are isolated Herbig Ae stars that exhibit signs of active accretion, including driving bipolar flows with embedded Herbig-Haro (HH) objects. HD 163296 was found to be relatively quiescent photometrically in its inner disk region, with the exception of a major increase in emitted flux in a broad wavelength region centered near 3 pm in 2002. In contrast, HD 31648 has exhibited sporadic changes in the entire 3-13 pm region throughout this span of time. In both stars the changes in the 1-5 pm flux indicate structural changes in the region of the disk near the dust sublimation zone, possibly causing its distance from the star to vary with time. Repeated thermal cycling through this region will result in the preferential survival of large grains, and an increase in the degree of crystallinity. The variability observed in these objects has important consequences for the interpretation of other types of observations. For example, source variability will compromise models based on interferometry measurements unless the interferometry observations are accompanied by nearly-simultaneous photometric data.

  3. On the evolution of the magnetic field of Ap star $\\alpha^2$ CVn

    CERN Document Server

    Bychkov, V D; Madej, J; Topilskaya, G P

    2016-01-01

    New high-precision measurements of the longitudinal magnetic field of Ap stars suggest the existence of secular intrinsic variations of the global magnetic field in some stars. We argue that such changes are apparent in the Ap star $\\alpha^2$ CVn in the time scale of $\\sim$ 10 years, which results from the analysis of literature data. Therefore, such an observation implies, that the rate of magnetic field evolution of Ap stars is much higher than was previously thought.

  4. Magnetic AP Stars in the Hertzsprung-Russell Diagram

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hubrig, S.; North, P.; Mathys, G.

    2000-08-01

    The evolutionary state of magnetic Ap stars is rediscussed using the recently released Hipparcos data. The distribution of the magnetic Ap stars of mass below 3 Msolar in the H-R diagram differs from that of the normal stars in the same temperature range at a high level of significance. Magnetic stars are concentrated toward the center of the main-sequence band. This is shown in two forms of the H-R diagram: one where logL is plotted against logTeff and a version more directly tied to the observed quantities, showing the astrometry-based luminosity (Arenou & Luri) against the (B2-G)0 index of Geneva photometry. In particular, it is found that magnetic fields appear only in stars that have already completed at least approximately 30% of their main-sequence lifetime. No clear picture emerges as to the possible evolution of the magnetic field across the main sequence. Hints of some (loose) relations between magnetic field strength and other stellar parameters are found: stars with shorter periods tend to have stronger fields, as do higher temperature and higher mass stars. A marginal trend of the magnetic flux to be lower in more slowly rotating stars may possibly be seen as suggesting a dynamo origin for the field. No correlation between the rotation period and the fraction of the main-sequence lifetime completed is observed, indicating that the slow rotation in these stars must already have been achieved before they became observably magnetic. Based on data from the ESA Hipparcos satellite and on observations collected at the European Southern Observatory (La Silla, Chile; ESO programs Nos. 43.7-004, 44.7-012, 49.7-030, 50.7-067, 51.7-041, 52.7-063, 53.7-028, 54.E-0416, and 55.E-0751), at the Observatoire de Haute-Provence (Saint-Michel l'Observatoire, France), at Kitt Peak National Observatory, and at the Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope.

  5. Lithium and magnetic fields in giants. HD 232862 : a magnetic and lithium-rich giant star

    OpenAIRE

    Lèbre, A.; Palacios, A.; Nascimento Jr, J. D. do; Konstantinova-Antova, R.; Kolev, D.; Aurière, M.; de Laverny, P.; de Medeiros, J. R.

    2009-01-01

    We report the detection of an unusually high lithium content in HD 232862, a field giant classified as a G8II star, and hosting a magnetic field. With the spectropolarimeters ESPaDOnS at CFHT and NARVAL at TBL, we have collected high resolution and high signal-to-noise spectra of three giants : HD 232862, KU Peg and HD 21018. From spectral synthesis we have inferred stellar parameters and measured lithium abundances that we have compared to predictions from evolutionary models. We have also a...

  6. STEREO observations of HD90386 (RX Sex): a δ-Scuti or a hybrid star?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ozuyar, D.; Stevens, I. R.; Whittaker, G.; Sangaralingam, V.

    2016-04-01

    HD90386 is a rarely studied bright A2V type δ Scuti star (V = 6.66 mag). It displays short-term light curve variations which are originated due to either a beating phenomenon or a non-periodic variation. In this paper, we presented high-precision photometric data of HD90386 taken by the STEREO satellite between 2007 and 2011 to shed light on its internal structure and evolution stage. From the frequency analysis of the four-year data, we detected that HD90386 had at least six different frequencies between 1 and 15 c d-1. The most dominant frequencies were found at around 10.25258 c d-1 (A ∼ 1.92 mmag) and 12.40076 c d-1 (A ∼ 0.61 mmag). Based on the ratio between these frequencies, the star was considered as an overtone pulsator. The variation in pulsation period over 35 years was calculated to be dP/Pdt = 5.39(2) x 10-3 yr-1. Other variabilities at around 1.0 c d-1 in the amplitude spectrum of HD90386 were also discussed. In order to explain these variabilities, possible rotational effects and γ Dor type variations were focused. Consequently, depending on the rotation velocity of HD90386, we speculated that these changes might be related to γ Dor type high-order g-modes shifted to the higher frequencies and that HD90386 might be a hybrid star.

  7. KIC 4768731: a bright long-period roAp star in the Kepler Field

    CERN Document Server

    Smalley, B; Murphy, S J; Lehmann, H; Kurtz, D W; Holdsworth, D L; Cunha, M S; Balona, L A; Briquet, M; Bruntt, H; de Cat, P; Lampens, P; Thygesen, A O; Uytterhoeven, K

    2015-01-01

    We report the identification of 61.45 d^-1 (711.2 mu Hz) oscillations, with amplitudes of 62.6-mu mag, in KIC 4768731 (HD 225914) using Kepler photometry. This relatively bright (V=9.17) chemically peculiar star with spectral type A5 Vp SrCr(Eu) has previously been found to exhibit rotational modulation with a period of 5.21 d. Fourier analysis reveals a simple dipole pulsator with an amplitude that has remained stable over a 4-yr time span, but with a frequency that is variable. Analysis of high-resolution spectra yields stellar parameters of T_eff = 8100 +/- 200 K, log g = 4.0 +/- 0.2, [Fe/H] = +0.31 +/- 0.24 and v sin i = 14.8 +/- 1.6 km/s. Line profile variations caused by rotation are also evident. Lines of Sr, Cr, Eu, Mg and Si are strongest when the star is brightest, while Y and Ba vary in anti-phase with the other elements. The abundances of rare earth elements are only modestly enhanced compared to other roAp stars of similar T_eff and log g. Radial velocities in the literature suggest a significant...

  8. Towards a theory of rapidly oscillating Ap stars

    CERN Document Server

    Gough, Douglas

    2011-01-01

    Peculiar A stars are so named because they exhibit abundance peculiarities in their atmospheres. It is believed that these arise as a result of differentiation of chemical species in large magnetic spots in which convective mixing is inhibited: there might be just two antipodal spots, whose axis is inclined to the axis of rotation. Many of the Ap stars that are rotating slowly also pulsate, with periods substantially shorter than the period of the fundamental radial mode. The pulsations appear to be nonradial, but axisymmetric, with their common axis usually aligned with the axis of the spots. In this lecture I shall first discuss the magnetic suppression of convection in the spots, and then I shall try to explain the pulsation phenomenon, reviewing some of the suggestions that have been made to explain the alignment and the excitation mechanism, and finally raising some issues that need to be addressed.

  9. HD 12098 and Other Results from Nainital–Cape Survey

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    V. Girish

    2005-06-01

    Nainital;Cape Survey was started with an aim to search for new rapidly oscillating Ap stars in the northern hemisphere.We discovered one new mono-periodic roAp star HD 12098. The frequency separation of HD 12098 suggests a rotation period of 5.5 days for the star. We summarize here the observations of HD 12098 and briefly discuss the results of the multi-site observation campaign organized to resolve the ambiguity in the determination of the rotation period of HD 12098. Other interesting results like non-oscillating Ap stars discovered and two candidate stars in which roAp periodicity is seen but not confirmed are also discussed.

  10. Searching for Star-Planet interactions within the magnetosphere of HD 189733

    OpenAIRE

    Fares, R.; Donati, J.-F.; Moutou, C.; Jardine, M. M.; Griessmeier, J. -M.; Zarka, P.; Shkolnik, E. L.; Bohlender, D.; Catala, C.; Cameron, A. C.

    2010-01-01

    HD 189733 is a K2 dwarf, orbited by a giant planet at 8.8 stellar radii. In order to study magnetospheric interactions between the star and the planet, we explore the large-scale magnetic field and activity of the host star. We collected spectra using the ESPaDOnS and the NARVAL spectropolarimeters, installed at the 3.6-m Canada-France-Hawaii telescope and the 2-m Telescope Bernard Lyot at Pic du Midi, during two monitoring campaigns (June 2007 and July 2008). HD 189733 has a mainly toroidal ...

  11. Chemical spots on the surface of the strongly magnetic Herbig Ae star HD 101412

    OpenAIRE

    Järvinen, S. P.; Hubrig, S.; Schöller, M; Ilyin, I; Carroll, T. A.; Korhonen, H.

    2016-01-01

    Due to the knowledge of the rotation period and the presence of a rather strong surface magnetic field, the sharp-lined young Herbig Ae star HD 101412 with a rotation period of 42 d has become one of the most well-studied targets among the Herbig Ae stars. High-resolution HARPS polarimetric spectra of HD 101412 were recently obtained on seven different epochs. Our study of the spectral variability over the part of the rotation cycle covered by HARPS observations reveals that the line profiles...

  12. A resolved debris disk around the candidate planet-hosting star HD95086

    OpenAIRE

    Moór, A.; Ábrahám, P.; Kóspál, Á.; Szabó, Gy. M.; Apai, D.; Balog, Z.; Csengeri, T.; Grady, C; Henning, Th.; Juhász, A.; Kiss, Cs; Pascucci, I.; Szulágyi, J.; Vavrek, R.

    2013-01-01

    Recently, a new planet candidate was discovered on direct images around the young (10-17 Myr) A-type star HD95086. The strong infrared excess of the system indicates that, similarly to HR8799, {\\ss} Pic, and Fomalhaut, the star harbors a circumstellar disk. Aiming to study the structure and gas content of the HD95086 disk, and to investigate its possible interaction with the newly discovered planet, here we present new optical, infrared and millimeter observations. We detected no CO emission,...

  13. CHEMICAL ABUNDANCES OF THE MAGNETIC CP STAR HD 168733

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Collado

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Se ha llevado a cabo un an lisis detallado de las abundancias en la estrella CP magn tica HD 168733 utilizando espectros de alta resoluci n obtenidos con el espectr grafo echelle EBASIM del telescopio de 2.1 m de CASLEO en Argentina. Los espectros cubren la regi n 382{700 nm. La estrella no puede ser clasi cada ni como una peculiar de HgMn ni como perteneciente al grupo CP2 de silicio. Comparada con el Sol, C, N son levementes sobreabundantes mientras que el Mg y S son de cientes, Si es normal y P y Cl son sobreabundantes. Los elementos del pico de hierro: Sc, Ti, Cr y Fe son sobreabundantes. Se han identi cado tambi n l neas de Ti III y Fe III. HD 168733 muestra una gran sobreabundancia de Ga, Sr, Y, Zr, Xe, Pt, Hg y algunas tierras raras.

  14. Quasiperiodic patterns in $\\delta$ Scuti stars: an in-depth study of the CoRoT star HD 174966

    CERN Document Server

    Hernández, A García; Suárez, J C; Garrido, R; Mantegazza, L; Martín-Ruiz, S; Rainer, M; Poretti, E; Amado, P J; Rolland, A; Mathias, P; Uytterhoeven, K

    2016-01-01

    In this work, we have gone one step further from the study presented in the first CoRoT symposium. Our analysis consists on constructing a model database covering the entire uncertainty box of the $\\delta$ Sct star HD174966, derived from the usual observables ($\\mathrm{T}_{\\mathrm{eff}}$, $\\log g$ and [Fe/H]), and constraining the models representative of the star. To do that, we use the value of the periodicity (related to $\\Delta\

  15. The peculiar abundance pattern of the new Hg-Mn star HD 30085

    CERN Document Server

    Monier, R; Royer, F; Griffin, R E M

    2015-01-01

    Using high-dispersion, high-quality spectra of HD 30085 obtained with the echelle spectrograph SOPHIE at Observatoire de Haute Provence, we show that this star contains strong lines of the s-process elements Sr II, Y II and Zr II. Line syntheses of the lines yield large overabundances of Sr, Y, Zr which are characteristic of HgMn stars. The Sr-Y-Zr triad of abundances is inverted in HD 30085 compared to that in our solar system. The violation of the odd-even rule suggests that physical processes such as radiative diffusion, chemical fractionation and others must be at work in the atmosphere of HD 30085, and that the atmosphere is stable enough to sustain them.

  16. The color dependent morphology of the post-AGB star HD161796

    CERN Document Server

    Min, M; Canovas, H; Rodenhuis, M; Keller, C U; Waters, L B F M

    2013-01-01

    Context. Many protoplanetary nebulae show strong asymmetries in their surrounding shell, pointing to asymmetries during the mass loss phase. Questions concerning the origin and the onset of deviations from spherical symmetry are important for our understanding of the evolution of these objects. Here we focus on the circumstellar shell of the post-AGB star HD 161796. Aims. We aim at detecting signatures of an aspherical outflow, as well as to derive the properties of it. Methods. We use the imaging polarimeter ExPo (the extreme polarimeter), a visitor instrument at the William Herschel Telescope, to accurately image the dust shell surrounding HD 161796 in various wavelength filters. Imaging polarimetry allows us to separate the faint, polarized, light from circumstellar material from the bright, unpolarized, light from the central star. Results. The shell around HD 161796 is highly aspherical. A clear signature of an equatorial density enhancement can be seen. This structure is optically thick at short wavelen...

  17. Surface structure of the CoRoT CP2 target star HD 50773

    OpenAIRE

    Lüftinger, T.; Fröhlich, H. -E.; Weiss, W.; Petit, P.; Aurière, M.; Nesvacil, N.; Gruberbauer, M.; Shulyak, D.; Alecian, E.; Baglin, A.; Baudin, F; Catala, C.; Donati, J.-F.; Kochukhov, O.; Michel, E.

    2009-01-01

    We compare surface maps of the chemically peculiar star HD 50773 produced with a Bayesian technique and based on high quality CoRoT photometry with those derived from rotation phase resolved spectropolarimetry. The goal is to investigate the correlation of surface brightness with surface chemical abundance distribution and the stellar magnetic field. The rotational period of the star was determined from a nearly 60 day long continuous light curve obtained during the initial run of CoRoT. Usin...

  18. Elodie metallicity-biased search for transiting Hot Jupiters IV. Intermediate period planets orbiting the stars HD43691 and HD132406

    OpenAIRE

    da Silva, R.; Udry, S.; Bouchy, F.; Moutou, C.; Mayor, M.; Beuzit, J.-L.; Bonfils, X.; Delfosse, X.; Desort, M.; Forveille, T.; Galland, F.; Hebrard, G.; Lagrange, A.-M.; Loeillet, B.; Lovis, C.

    2007-01-01

    We report here the discovery of two planet candidates as a result of our planet-search programme biased in favour of high-metallicity stars, using the ELODIE spectrograph at the Observatoire de Haute Provence. One of them has a minimum mass m_2\\sin{i} = 2.5 M_Jup and is orbiting the metal-rich star HD43691 with period P = 40 days and eccentricity e = 0.14. The other planet has a minimum mass m_2\\sin{i} = 5.6 M_Jup and orbits the slightly metal-rich star HD132406 with period P = 974 days and e...

  19. A resolved, au-scale gas disk around the B[e] star HD 50138

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    L.E. Ellerbroek; M. Benisty; S. Kraus; K. Perraut; J. Kluska; J.B. de Bouquin; M. Borges Fernandes; A. Domiciano de Souza; K.M. Maaskant; L. Kaper; F. Tramper; D. Mourard; I. Tallon-Bosc; T. ten Brummelaar; M.L. Sitko; D.K. Lynch; R.W. Russell

    2015-01-01

    HD 50138 is a B[e] star surrounded by a large amount of circumstellar gas and dust. Its spectrum shows characteristics which may indicate either a pre- or a post-main-sequence system. Mapping the kinematics of the gas in the inner few au of the system contributes to a better understanding of its phy

  20. The circumstellar envelope of the C-rich post-AGB star HD 56126

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hony, S; Tielens, AGGM; Waters, LBFM; de Koter, A

    2003-01-01

    We present a detailed study of the circumstellar envelope of the post-asymptotic giant branch "21 mum object" HD 56126. We build a detailed dust radiative transfer model of the circumstellar envelope in order to derive the dust composition and mass, and the mass-loss history of the star. To model th

  1. First discovery of a magnetic field in a main-sequence δ Scuti star: the Kepler star HD 188774

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neiner, C.; Lampens, P.

    2015-11-01

    The Kepler space mission provided a wealth of δ Sct-γ Dor hybrid candidates. While some may be genuine hybrids, others might be misclassified due to the presence of a binary companion or to rotational modulation caused by magnetism and related surface inhomogeneities. In particular, the Kepler δ Sct-γ Dor hybrid candidate HD 188774 shows a few low frequencies in its light and radial velocity curves, whose origin is unclear. In this work, we check for the presence of a magnetic field in HD 188774. We obtained two spectropolarimetric measurements with an Echelle SpectroPolarimetric Device for the Observation of Stars (ESPaDOnS) at Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope. The data were analysed with the least-squares deconvolution (LSD) method. We detected a clear magnetic signature in the Stokes V LSD profiles. The origin of the low frequencies detected in HD 188774 is therefore most probably the rotational modulation of surface spots possibly related to the presence of a magnetic field. Consequently, HD 188774 is not a genuine hybrid δ Sct-γ Dor star, but the first known magnetic main-sequence δ Sct star. This makes it a prime target for future asteroseismic and spot modelling. This result casts new light on the interpretation of the Kepler results for other δ Sct-γ Dor hybrid candidates.

  2. Pulsational frequencies of the eclipsing delta-Scuti star HD 172189

    CERN Document Server

    Costa, J E S; Peña, J; Creevey, O; Li, Z P; Chevreton, M; Belmonte, J A; Alvarez, M; Machado, L Fox; Parrao, L; Hernendez, F Perez; Fernández, A; Fremy, J R; Pau, S; Alonso, R

    2007-01-01

    The eclipsing delta-Scuti star HD 172189 is a probable member of the open cluster IC 4756 and a promising candidate target for the CoRoT mission. The detection of pulsation modes is the first step in the asteroseismological study of the star. Further, the calculation of the orbital parameters of the binary system allows us to make a dynamical determination of the mass of the star, which works as an important constraint to test and calibrate the asteroseismological models. From a detailed frequency analysis of 210 hours of photometric data of HD 172189 obtained from the STEPHI XIII campaign we have identified six pulsation frequencies with a confidence level of 99% and a seventh with a 65% confidence level in the range between 100-300 uHz. In addiction, three eclipses were observed during the campaign, allowing us to improve the determination of the orbital period of the system.

  3. B[e] stars at the highest angular resolution: the case of HD87643

    CERN Document Server

    Millour, Florentin; Borges-Fernandes, Marcelo; Meilland, Anthony

    2009-01-01

    New results on the B[e] star HD87643 are presented here. They were obtained with a wide range of di?erent instruments, from wide-?eld imaging with the WFI camera, high resolution spectroscopy with the FEROS instrument, high angular resolution imaging with the adaptive optics camera NACO, to the highest angular resolution available with AMBER on the VLTI. We report the detection of a companion to HD87643 with AMBER, subsequently con?rmed in the NACO data. Implications of that discovery to some of the previously di?cult-to-understand data-sets are then presented.

  4. Coordinated X-ray and Optical observations of Star-Planet Interaction in HD 17156

    OpenAIRE

    Maggio, A.; Pillitteri, I.; Scandariato, G.; Lanza, A. F.; Sciortino, S.; Borsa, F.; Bonomo, A. S.; Claudi, R.; Covino, E.; Desidera, S.; R. Gratton; Micela, G.; Pagano, I.; Piotto, G.; Sozzetti, A.

    2015-01-01

    The large number of close-in Jupiter-size exoplanets prompts the question whether star-planet interaction (SPI) effects can be detected. We focused our attention on the system HD 17156, having a Jupiter-mass planet in a very eccentric orbit. Here we present results of the XMM-Newton observations and of a five months coordinated optical campaign with the HARPS-N spectrograph. We observed HD 17156 with XMM-Newton when the planet was approaching the apoastron and then at the following periastron...

  5. HD15082b, a short-period planet orbiting an A-star

    OpenAIRE

    Lodieu N.; Smalley B.; Rodler F.; Cameron A.C.; Guenther E.W.; Endl M.; Reif K.

    2011-01-01

    Most of the known transiting extrasolar planets orbit slowly rotating F, G or K stars. In here we report on the detection of a transiting planet orbiting the bright, rapidly rotating A5 star HD15082, recently made by SuperWASP. Time resolved spectroscopic observations taken during transit show a hump caused by the planet crossing the line profile. From the analysis of the spectra, we derive the radius of the planet and find that it is orbiting retrograde in respect to the spin of the star...

  6. Accurate fundamental parameters of CoRoT asteroseismic targets: the solar-like stars HD 49933, HD 175726, HD 181420 and HD 181906

    CERN Document Server

    Bruntt, H

    2009-01-01

    The CoRoT satellite has provided high-quality light curves of several solar-like stars. Analysis of the light curves provides oscillation frequencies that make it possible to probe the interior of the stars. However, additional constraints on the fundamental parameters of the stars are important for the theoretical modelling to be successful. We will estimate the fundamental parameters (mass, radius and luminosity) of the first four solar-like targets to be observed in the asteroseismic field. In addition, we will determine their effective temperature, metallicity and detailed abundance pattern. To constrain the stellar mass, radius and age we use the SHOTGUN software which compares the location of the stars in the Hertzsprung-Russell diagram with theoretical evolution models. This method takes into account the uncertainties of the observed parameters including the large separation determined from the solar-like oscillations. We determine the effective temperatures and abundance patterns in the stars from the...

  7. The nature of the light variability of magnetic Of?p star HD 191612

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krtička, J.

    2016-10-01

    Context. A small fraction of hot OBA stars host global magnetic fields with field strengths of the order of 0.1-10 kG. This leads to the creation of persistent surface structures (spots) in stars with sufficiently weak winds as a result of the radiative diffusion. These spots become evident in spectroscopic and photometric variability. This type of variability is not expected in stars with strong winds, where the wind inhibits the radiative diffusion. Therefore, a weak photometric variability of the magnetic Of?p star HD 191612 is attributed to the light absorption in the circumstellar clouds. Aims: We study the nature of the photometric variability of HD 191612. We assume that the variability results from variable wind blanketing induced by surface variations of the magnetic field tilt and modulated by stellar rotation. Methods: We used our global kinetic equilibrium (NLTE) wind models with radiative force determined from the radiative transfer equation in the comoving frame (CMF) to predict the stellar emergent flux. Our models describe the stellar atmosphere in a unified manner and account for the influence of the wind on the atmosphere. The models are calculated for different wind mass-loss rates to mimic the effect of magnetic field tilt on the emergent fluxes. We integrate the emergent fluxes over the visible stellar surface for individual rotational phases, and calculate the rotationally modulated light curve of HD 191612. Results: The wind blanketing that varies across surface of HD 191612 is able to explain a part of the observed light variability in this star. The mechanism is able to operate even at relatively low mass-loss rates. The remaining variability is most likely caused by the flux absorption in circumstellar clouds. Conclusions: The variable wind blanketing is an additional source of the light variability in massive stars. The presence of the rotational light variability may serve as a proxy for the magnetic field.

  8. HD 30187 B and HD 39927 B: Two suspected nearby hot subdwarfs in resolved binaries (based on observations made with the ESA Hipparcos satellite)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Makarov, V.V.; Fabricius, C.

    1999-01-01

    Stars: Individual: HD 30187 B -- Stars: Individual: HD 39927 B - Stars: White dwarfs - Stars: Binaries: Visual......Stars: Individual: HD 30187 B -- Stars: Individual: HD 39927 B - Stars: White dwarfs - Stars: Binaries: Visual...

  9. Dynamical evolution of titanium, strontium, and yttrium spots on the surface of the HgMn star HD 11753

    OpenAIRE

    Briquet, Maryline; Korhonen, H.; González, J.F.; Hubrig, S.; Hackman, T.

    2010-01-01

    Aims: We gathered about 100 high-resolution spectra of three typical HgMn (mercury-manganese) stars, HD 11753, HD 53244, and HD 221507, to search for slowly pulsating B-like pulsations and surface inhomogeneous distribution of various chemical elements. Methods: Classical frequency analysis methods were used to detect line profile variability and to determine the variation period. Doppler imaging reconstruction was performed to obtain abundance maps of chemical elements on the stellar surfa...

  10. An Eccentric Debris Ring Around the Nearby G Star HD 202628

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stapelfeldt, Karl R.

    2012-01-01

    A new debris disk has been imaged in visible light around the G2V star HD 202628 using the STIS coronagraph on the Hubble Space Telescope. The broad ring is inclined 61 deg from face-on and extends as far as 260 AU from the star. The star is noticeably displaced from the apparent ring center by 20 AU. The ring inner edge is sharp and well-described by an inclined ellipse with a= 158 AU, e= 0.18, and the star at one focus. These properties are similar to the Fomalhaut debris ring and likewise suggest ring sculpting by a planetary-mass companion with semi-major axis approx.> 100 AU. The presence of a planet so widely separated from a solar-type star poses a new challenge for planet formation theories.

  11. Dynamical evolution of titanium, strontium, and yttrium spots on the surface of the HgMn star HD 11753

    CERN Document Server

    Briquet, M; Gonzalez, J F; Hubrig, S; Hackman, T

    2010-01-01

    Aims. We gathered about 100 high-resolution spectra of three typical HgMn (mercury-manganese) stars, HD 11753, HD 53244, and HD 221507, to search for slowly pulsating B-like pulsations and surface inhomogeneous distribution of various chemical elements. Methods. Classical frequency analysis methods were used to detect line profile variability and to determine the variation period. Doppler imaging reconstruction was performed to obtain abundance maps of chemical elements on the stellar surface. Results. For HD 11753, which is the star with the most pronounced variability, distinct spectral line profile changes were detected for Ti, Sr, Y, Zr, and Hg, whereas for HD 53244 and HD 221507 the most variable line profiles belong to the elements Hg and Y, respectively. We derived rotation periods for all three stars from the variations of radial velocities and equivalent widths of spectral lines belonging to inhomogeneously distributed elements: P_rot (HD 11753)=9.54 d, P_rot (HD 53244)=6.16 d, and P_rot (HD 221507)=...

  12. Lithium and magnetic fields in giants. HD 232862 : a magnetic and lithium-rich giant star

    CERN Document Server

    Lèbre, A; Nascimento, J D do; Konstantinova-Antova, R; Kolev, D; Aurière, M; De Laverny, P; De Medeiros, J R

    2009-01-01

    We report the detection of an unusually high lithium content in HD 232862, a field giant classified as a G8II star, and hosting a magnetic field. With the spectropolarimeters ESPaDOnS at CFHT and NARVAL at TBL, we have collected high resolution and high signal-to-noise spectra of three giants : HD 232862, KU Peg and HD 21018. From spectral synthesis we have inferred stellar parameters and measured lithium abundances that we have compared to predictions from evolutionary models. We have also analysed Stokes V signatures, looking for a magnetic field on these giants. HD 232862, presents a very high abundance of lithium (ALi = 2.45 +/- 0.25 dex), far in excess of the theoretically value expected at this spectral type and for this luminosity class (i.e, G8II). The evolutionary stage of HD 232862 has been precised, and it suggests a mass in the lower part of the [1.0 Msun ; 3.5 Msun ] mass interval, likely 1.5 to 2.0 solar mass, at the bottom of the Red Giant Branch. Besides, a time variable Stokes V signature has...

  13. Stellar Diameters and Temperatures VI. High angular resolution measurements of the transiting exoplanet host stars HD 189733 and HD 209458 and implications for models of cool dwarfs

    CERN Document Server

    Boyajian, Tabetha; Feiden, Gregory A; Huber, Daniel; Basu, Sarbani; Demarque, Pierre; Fischer, Debra A; Schaefer, Gail; Mann, Andrew W; White, Timothy R; Maestro, Vicente; Brewer, John; Lamell, C Brooke; Spada, Federico; López-Morales, Mercedes; Ireland, Michael; Farrington, Chris; van Belle, Gerard T; Kane, Stephen R; Jones, Jeremy; Brummelaar, Theo A ten; Ciardi, David R; McAlister, Harold A; Ridgway, Stephen; Goldfinger, P J; Turner, Nils H; Sturmann, Laszlo

    2014-01-01

    We present direct radii measurements of the well-known transiting exoplanet host stars HD 189733 and HD 209458 using the CHARA Array interferometer. We find the limb-darkened angular diameters to be theta_LD = 0.3848 +/- 0.0055 and 0.2254 +/- 0.0072 milliarcsec for HD 189733 and HD 209458, respectively. HD 189733 and HD 209458 are currently the only two transiting exoplanet systems where detection of the respective planetary companion's orbital motion from high resolution spectroscopy has revealed absolute masses for both star and planet. We use our new measurements together with the orbital information from radial velocity and photometric time series data, Hipparcos distances, and newly measured bolometric fluxes to determine the stellar effective temperatures (T_eff = 4875 +/- 43, 6093 +/- 103 K), stellar linear radii (R_* = 0.805 +/- 0.016, 1.203 +/- 0.061 R_sun), mean stellar densities (rho_* = 1.62 +/- 0.11, 0.58 +/- 0.14 rho_sun), planetary radii (R_p = 1.216 +/- 0.024, 1.451 +/- 0.074 R_Jup), and mean ...

  14. Radio continuum observations of the Herbig Ae/Be stars HD 163296 and HR 5999

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, D. A.; Perez, M. R.; Yusef-Zadeh, F.

    1993-01-01

    Very Large Array (VLA) observations of the two bright Herbig Ae/Be stars HD 163296 and HR 5999 have been carried out at lambda 3.6 and 20 cm. We report the detection of a radio source at lambda 3.6 cm that may be associated with HD 163296. From the peak flux density of 0.39 mJy/beam area, we estimate a mass-loss rate of 1.8 x 10(exp -8) solar mass/yr if the flux is due to free-free emission in an ionized wind with spherical symmetry, assuming a terminal wind velocity of 200 km/s. HR 5999 was not detected at either wavelength. We discuss the results in terms of the stellar-driven and accretion-driven scenarios for line and wind formation in Herbig Ae/Be stars.

  15. Abundances in the atmosphere of the metal-rich planet-host star HD 77338

    CERN Document Server

    Kushniruk, I O; Jenkins, J S; Jones, H R A

    2015-01-01

    Abundances of Fe, Si, Ni, Ti, Na, Mg, Cu, Zn, Mn, Cr and Ca in the atmosphere of the K-dwarf HD 77338 are determined and discussed. HD 77338 hosts a hot Uranus-like planet and is currently the most metal-rich single star to host any planet. Determination of abundances was carried out in the framework of a self-consistent approach developed by Pavlenko et al. (2012). Abundances were computed iteratively by the program ABEL8, and the process converged after 4 iterations. We find that most elements follow the iron abundance, however some of the iron peak elements are found to be over-abundant in this star.

  16. The compact H$\\alpha$ emitting regions of the Herbig Ae/Be stars HD 179218 and HD 141569 from CHARA spectro-interferometry

    CERN Document Server

    Mendigutía, I; Mourard, D; Muzerolle, J

    2016-01-01

    This work presents CHARA/VEGA H$\\alpha$ spectro-interferometry (R ~ 6000, and $\\lambda$/2B ~ 1 mas) of HD 179218 and HD 141569, doubling the sample of Herbig Ae/Be (HAeBe) stars for which this type of observations is available so far. The observed H$\\alpha$ emission is spatially unresolved, indicating that the size of the H$\\alpha$ emitting region is smaller than ~ 0.21 and 0.12 au for HD 179218 and HD 141529 (~ 15 and 16 R*, respectively). This is smaller than for the two other HAeBes previously observed with the same instrumentation. Two different scenarios have been explored in order to explain the compact line emitting regions. A hot, several thousand K, blackbody disc is consistent with the observations of HD 179218 and HD 141569. Magnetospheric accretion (MA) is able to reproduce the bulk of the H$\\alpha$ emission shown by HD 179218, confirming previous estimates from MA shock modelling with a mass accretion rate of 10^-8 Msun/yr, and an inclination to the line of sight between 30 and 50 degr. The H$\\al...

  17. Confirming HD 23478 as a new magnetic B star hosting an H$\\alpha$-bright centrifugal magnetosphere

    OpenAIRE

    Sikora, James; Wade, Gregg; Bohlender, David; Neiner, Coralie; Oksala, Mary; Shultz, Matt; Cohen, David; ud-Doula, Asif; Grunhut, Jason; Monin, Dmitry; Owocki, Stan; Petit, Véronique; Rivinius, Thomas; Townsend, Richard

    2015-01-01

    In this paper we report 23 magnetic field measurements of the B3IV star HD 23478: 12 obtained from high resolution Stokes $V$ spectra using the ESPaDOnS (CFHT) and Narval (TBL) spectropolarimeters, and 11 from medium resolution Stokes $V$ spectra obtained with the DimaPol spectropolarimeter (DAO). HD 23478 was one of two rapidly rotating stars identified as potential "centrifugal magnetosphere" hosts based on IR observations from the Apache Point Observatory Galactic Evolution Experiment surv...

  18. HD 98800: An Opportunity to Measure True Masses for Low-Mass PMS Stars

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soderblom, David

    1999-07-01

    HD 98800 became interesting when IRAS found it to have a large infrared excess, indicating a substantial dust disk. But ``HD 98800'' is, in fact, a quadruple system consisting of four K and M stars, and its Hipparcos parallax has now shown that this is a pre-main sequence system. The four stars are in two visible objects, each of which is a spectroscopic binary with a period of about one year. In particular, the Ba-Bb pair is an SB2 with an estimated semi-major axis of about 20 milliarcsec. In TRANS mode, FGS1R can cleanly resolve the Ba-Bb pair and can determine the relative orbit and luminosities for the two components. POS mode observations lead to an absolute orbit and a more precise parallax than is currently available. In this program we propose to follow the HD 98800 Ba-Bb pair over the course of a full orbit during Cycle 8. The combination of FGS1R-TRANS and FGS1R-POS observations will provide gravitational masses for two low-mass PMS stars. In addition, the co nstraints of coevality and knowled ge of the astrophysical properties of the components {temperatures, luminosities, composition} make these observations a crucial test of our models of pre-main sequence evolution. These may be the first true masses determined for low-mass PMS objects, and so can provide a fundamental test of PMS evolutionary tracks.

  19. Elemental abundance studies of the Ultraviolet Gallium CP star HD 168733

    Science.gov (United States)

    Collado, A. E.; López-García, Z.; Levato, H.; Malaroda, S.

    2009-05-01

    We report elemental abundance studies of the ultraviolet gallium CP star HD 168733. It is neither a silicon, nor a mercury-manganese star and a longitudinal magnetic field of the order of -594 gauss has been detected in it. The high resolution spectra were obtained with the EBASIM spectrograph attached to the 2.10 m telescope at CASLEO Observatory. The abundances results obtained show that Si es normal, Ti Cr and Fe are rich, PII, SII, GaII, SrII, YII, ZrII are present and its abundances are being determined. The presence of RE will be also investigated.

  20. The challenge of measuring magnetic fields in strongly pulsating stars: the case of HD 96446

    CERN Document Server

    Järvinen, S P; Ilyin, I; Schöller, M; Briquet, M

    2016-01-01

    Among the early B-type stars, He-rich Bp stars exhibit the strongest large-scale organized magnetic fields with a predominant dipole contribution. The presence of $\\beta$ Cep-like pulsations in the typical magnetic early Bp-type star HD 96446 was announced a few years ago, but the analysis of the magnetic field geometry was hampered by the absence of a reliable rotation period and a sophisticated procedure for accounting for the impact of pulsations on the magnetic field measurements. Using new spectropolarimetric observations and a recently determined rotation period based on an extensive spectroscopic time series, we investigate the magnetic field model parameters of this star under more detailed considerations of the pulsation behaviour of the line profiles.

  1. Detection of a white dwarf companion to the Hyades stars HD 27483

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boehm-Vitense, Erika

    1993-01-01

    We observed with IUE a white dwarf (WD) companion to the Hyades F6 V binary stars HD 27483. This system is known to be a close binary of two nearly equal stars with an orbital period of 3.05 days. Our IUE observations revealed the presence of a third star, a white dwarf with an effective temperature of 23,000 +/- 1000 K and a mass of approximately 0.6 solar mass. Its presence in the Hyades cluster with a known age permits me to derive the mass of its progenitor, which must have been about 2.3 solar masses. The presence of the white dwarf in a binary system opens the possibility that some of the envelope material, which was expelled by the WD progenitor, may have been collected by the F6 stars. We may thus be able to study abundance anomalies of the WD progenitor with known mass on the surface of the F6 companions.

  2. First discovery of a magnetic field in a main sequence delta Scuti star: the Kepler star HD188774

    CERN Document Server

    Neiner, Coralie

    2015-01-01

    The Kepler space mission provided a wealth of {\\delta} Sct-{\\gamma} Dor hybrid candidates. While some may be genuine hybrids, others might be misclassified due to the presence of a binary companion or to rotational modulation caused by magnetism and related surface inhomogeneities. In particular, the Kepler {\\delta} Sct-{\\gamma} Dor hybrid candidate HD 188774 shows a few low frequencies in its light and radial velocity curves, whose origin is unclear. In this work, we check for the presence of a magnetic field in HD 188774. We obtained two spectropolarimetric measurements with ESPaDOnS at CFHT. The data were analysed with the least squares deconvolution method. We detected a clear magnetic signature in the Stokes V LSD profiles. The origin of the low frequencies detected in HD 188774 is therefore most probably the rotational modulation of surface spots possibly related to the presence of a magnetic field. Consequently, HD 188774 is not a genuine hybrid {\\delta} Sct-{\\gamma} Dor star, but the first known magne...

  3. MOST discovers a multimode delta Scuti star in a triple system: HD 61199

    CERN Document Server

    Hareter, M; Lehmann, H; Tsymbal, V; Hüber, D; Lenz, P; Weiss, W W; Matthews, J M; Rucinski, S; Rowe, J F; Kuschnig, R; Günther, D B; Moffat, A F J; Sasselov, D; Walker, G A H; Scholtz, A

    2008-01-01

    A field star, HD 61199 (V ~ 8), simultaneously observed with Procyon by the MOST (Microvariability & Oscillations of STars) satellite in continuous runs of 34, 17, and 34 days in 2004, 2005, and 2007, was found to pulsate in 11 frequencies in the delta Scuti range with amplitudes from 1.7 down to 0.09 mmag. The photometry also showed variations with a period of about four days. To investigate the nature of the longer period, 45 days of time-resolved spectroscopy was obtained at the Thueringer Landessternwarte Tautenburg in 2004. The radial velocity measurements indicate that HD 61199 is a triple system. A delta Scuti pulsator with a rich eigenspectrum in a multiple system is promising for asteroseismology. Our objectives were to identify which of the stars in the system is the delta Scuti variable and to obtain the orbital elements of the system and the fundamental parameters of the individual components, which are constrained by the pulsation frequencies of the delta Scuti star. Classical Fourier techniq...

  4. The nature of the light variability of magnetic Of?p star HD 191612

    CERN Document Server

    Krticka, J

    2016-01-01

    A small fraction of hot OBA stars host global magnetic fields with field strengths of the order of 0.1-10 kG. This leads to the creation of persistent surface structures (spots) in stars with sufficiently weak winds as a result of the radiative diffusion. These spots become evident in spectroscopic and photometric variability. This type of variability is not expected in stars with strong winds, where the wind inhibits the radiative diffusion. Therefore, a weak photometric variability of the magnetic Of?p star HD 191612 is attributed to the light absorption in the circumstellar clouds. We study the nature of the photometric variability of HD 191612. We assume that the variability results from variable wind blanketing induced by surface variations of the magnetic field tilt and modulated by stellar rotation. We used our global kinetic equilibrium (NLTE) wind models with radiative force determined from the radiative transfer equation in the comoving frame (CMF) to predict the stellar emergent flux. Our models de...

  5. Testing stellar evolution models with the retired A star HD 185351

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hjørringgaard, J. G.; Silva Aguirre, V.; White, T. R.; Huber, D.; Pope, B. J. S.; Casagrande, L.; Justesen, A. B.; Christensen-Dalsgaard, J.

    2016-10-01

    The physical parameters of the retired A star HD 185351 were analysed in great detail by Johnson et al. (2014) using interferometry, spectroscopy and asteroseismology. Results from all independent methods are consistent with HD 185351 having a mass in excess of 1.5M⊙. However, the study also showed that not all observational constraints could be reconciled in stellar evolutionary models, leading to mass estimates ranging from ˜1.6 - 1.9M⊙ and casting doubts on the accuracy of stellar properties determined from asteroseismology. Here we solve this discrepancy and construct a theoretical model in agreement with all observational constraints on the physical parameters of HD 185351. The effects of varying input physics are examined as well as considering the additional constraint of the observed g-mode period spacing. This quantity is found to be sensitive to the inclusion of additional mixing from the convective core during the main sequence, and can be used to calibrate the overshooting efficiency using low-luminosity red giant stars. A theoretical model with metallicity [Fe/H] = 0.16dex, mixing-length parameter αMLT = 2.00, and convective overshooting efficiency parameter f = 0.030 is found to be in complete agreement with all observational constraints for a stellar mass of M ≃ 1.60M⊙.

  6. Elodie metallicity-biased search for transiting Hot Jupiters I. Two Hot Jupiters orbiting the slightly evolved stars HD118203 and HD149143

    OpenAIRE

    da Silva, R.; Udry, S.; Bouchy, F.; Mayor, M.; Moutou, C.; Pont, F.; Queloz, D.; Santos, N.C.; Segransan, D.; Zucker, S.

    2005-01-01

    We report the discovery of a new planet candidate orbiting the subgiant star HD118203 with a period of P=6.1335 days. The best Keplerian solution yields an eccentricity e=0.31 and a minimum mass m2sin(i)=2.1MJup for the planet. This star has been observed with the ELODIE fiber-fed spectrograph as one of the targets in our planet-search programme biased toward high-metallicity stars, on-going since March 2004 at the Haute-Provence Observatory. An analysis of the spectroscopic line profiles usi...

  7. HD 179821 (V1427 Aql, IRAS 19114+0002) - a massive post-red supergiant star?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Şahin, T.; Lambert, David L.; Klochkova, Valentina G.; Panchuk, Vladimir E.

    2016-10-01

    We have derived elemental abundances of a remarkable star, HD 179821, with unusual composition (e.g. [Na/Fe] = 1.0 ± 0.2 dex) and extra-ordinary spectral characteristics. Its metallicity at [Fe/H] = 0.4 dex places it among the most metal-rich stars yet analysed. The abundance analysis of this luminous star is based on high-resolution and high-quality (S/N ≈ 120-420) optical echelle spectra from McDonald Observatory and Special Astronomy Observatory. The data includes five years of observations over 21 epochs. Standard 1D local thermodynamic equilibrium analysis provides a fresh determination of the atmospheric parameters over all epochs: Teff = 7350 ± 200 K, log g= +0.6 ± 0.3, and a microturbulent velocity ξ = 6.6 ± 1.6 km s-1 and [Fe/H] = 0.4 ± 0.2, and a carbon abundance [C/Fe] = -0.19 ± 0.30. We find oxygen abundance [O/Fe] = -0.25 ± 0.28 and an enhancement of 0.9 dex in N. A supersonic macroturbulent velocity of 22.0 ± 2.0 km s-1 is determined from both strong and weak Fe I and Fe II lines. Elemental abundances are obtained for 22 elements. HD 179821 is not enriched in s-process products. Eu is overabundant relative to the anticipated [X/Fe] ≈ 0.0. Some peculiarities of its optical spectrum (e.g. variability in the spectral line shapes) is noticed. This includes the line profile variations for H α line. Based on its estimated luminosity, effective temperature and surface gravity, HD 179821 is a massive star evolving to become a red supergiant and finally a Type II supernova.

  8. The color dependent morphology of the post-AGB star HD 161796

    Science.gov (United States)

    Min, M.; Jeffers, S. V.; Canovas, H.; Rodenhuis, M.; Keller, C. U.; Waters, L. B. F. M.

    2013-06-01

    Context. Many protoplanetary nebulae show strong asymmetries in their surrounding shells, pointing to asymmetries during the mass loss phase. Questions concerning the origin and the onset of deviations from spherical symmetry are important for our understanding of the evolution of these objects. Here we focus on the circumstellar shell of the post-AGB star HD 161796. Aims: We aim to detect signatures of an aspherical outflow, and to derive its properties. Methods: We used the imaging polarimeter the Extreme Polarimeter (ExPo), a visitor instrument at the William Herschel Telescope, to accurately image the dust shell surrounding HD 161796 in various wavelength filters. Imaging polarimetry allows us to separate the faint, polarized, light that comes from circumstellar material from the bright, unpolarized, light from the central star. Results: The shell around HD 161796 is highly aspherical. A clear signature of an equatorial density enhancement can be seen. This structure is optically thick at short wavelengths and changes its appearance to optically thin at longer wavelengths. In the classification of the two different appearances of planetary nebulae from HST images it changes from being classified as DUst-Prominent Longitudinally-EXtended (DUPLEX) at short wavelengths to star-obvious low-level-elongated (SOLE) at longer wavelengths. This strengthens the interpretation that these two appearances are manifestations of the same physical structure. Furthermore, we find that the central star is hotter than often assumed and the relatively high observed reddening is a consequence of circumstellar rather than interstellar extinction. Based on observations made with the William Herschel Telescope operated on the island of La Palma by the Isaac Newton Group in the Spanish Observatorio del Roque de los Muchachos of the Instituto de Astrofsicaŋsica de Canarias.

  9. Model atmospheres of magnetic chemically peculiar stars. A remarkable strong-field Bp SiCrFe star HD137509

    CERN Document Server

    Shulyak, Denis; Khan, Sergiy

    2008-01-01

    In the last few years we have developed stellar model atmospheres which included effects of anomalous abundances and strong magnetic field. The full treatment of anomalous Zeeman splitting and polarized radiative transfer were introduced in the model atmosphere calculations for the first time. In this investigation we present results of modelling the atmosphere of one of the most extreme magnetic chemically peculiar stars, HD137509. This Bp SiCrFe star has the mean surface magnetic field modulus of about 29kG. We use the recent version of the line-by-line opacity sampling stellar model atmosphere code LLmodels, which incorporates the full treatment of Zeeman splitting of spectral lines, detailed polarized radiative transfer and arbitrary abundances. We compare model predictions with photometric and spectroscopic observations of the star, aiming to reach a self-consistency between the abundance pattern derived from high-resolution spectra and abundances used for model atmosphere calculation. Based on magnetic ...

  10. A Tight Upper Limit on Oscillations in the Ap star Epsilon Ursae Majoris from WIRE Photometry

    CERN Document Server

    Retter, A; Buzasi, D L; Kjeldsen, H; Kiss, L L; Retter, Alon; Bedding, Timothy R.; Buzasi, Derek L.; Kjeldsen, Hans; Kiss, Laszlo L.

    2004-01-01

    Observations of Epsilon UMa obtained with the star tracker on the Wide Field Infrared Explorer (WIRE) satellite during a month in mid-2000 are analyzed. This is one of the most precise photometry of an Ap star. The amplitude spectrum is used to set an upper limit of 75 parts per million for the amplitude of stellar pulsations in this star unless it accidentally oscillates with a single mode at the satellite orbit, its harmonics or their one day aliases. This is the tightest limit put on the amplitude of oscillations in an Ap star. As the rotation period of Epsilon UMa is relatively short (5.1 d), it cannot be argued that the observations were made at a wrong rotational phase. Our results thus support the idea that some Ap stars do not pulsate at all.

  11. Non-radial pulsations in the extreme helium star HD 160641

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mean periods of 0.35 +- 0.01, 0.71 +- 0.05, 1.12 +- 0.13 and 1.77 +-0.34 day are identified from separately analysed photometric observations (obtained in 1979 and 1982) of the extreme helium star HD 160641. Radial velocities were obtained simultaneously with photometry on three nights in 1982. Optical variations are not accompanied by detectable colour changes, and radial velocities are not characteristic of radial pulsation. HD 160641 is therefore regarded as a non-radial pulsator. Radial velocity and light variations are tentatively interpreted as l = 4 mode pulsation, corresponding to a Wesselink radius of 7.9 +- 1.0 solar radii. (author)

  12. Non-radial pulsations in the extreme helium star HD 160641

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lynas-Gray, A.E.; Kilkenny, D.; Skillen, I.; Jeffery, C.S.

    1987-08-15

    Mean periods of 0.35 +- 0.01, 0.71 +- 0.05, 1.12 +- 0.13 and 1.77 +-0.34 day are identified from separately analysed photometric observations (obtained in 1979 and 1982) of the extreme helium star HD 160641. Radial velocities were obtained simultaneously with photometry on three nights in 1982. Optical variations are not accompanied by detectable colour changes, and radial velocities are not characteristic of radial pulsation. HD 160641 is therefore regarded as a non-radial pulsator. Radial velocity and light variations are tentatively interpreted as l = 4 mode pulsation, corresponding to a Wesselink radius of 7.9 +- 1.0 solar radii.

  13. Determining the atmospheric structure and dynamics of the FK Comae Star HD32918

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robinson, R. D.

    1995-01-01

    The results of UV observations taken with the International Ultraviolet Explorer (IUE) satellite and microwave observations obtained with the Australia Telescope during an observing campaign of the rapidly rotating K0 dwarf star HD 197890, nicknamed 'Speedy Mic' are presented. This star was recently recognized as a powerful, transient EUV source by the ROSAT WFC, and subsequent investigation showed it to be a ZAMS or possibly a PMS dwarf which may be a member of the Local Association. Our observations show it to have strong, variable UV emission lines near the 'saturation' levels. The radio observations show a level of 'quiescent' emission consistent with other rapidly rotating stars, but there is no evidence for the large flux variations that normally characterize the time history of such objects.

  14. The classification of frequencies in the {\\gamma} Doradus / {\\delta} Scuti hybrid star HD 49434

    CERN Document Server

    Brunsden, E; Cottrell, P L; Uytterhoeven, K; Wright, D J; De Cat, P

    2014-01-01

    Hybrid stars of the {\\gamma} Doradus and {\\delta} Scuti pulsation types have great potential for asteroseismic analysis to explore their interior structure. To achieve this, mode identi- fications of pulsational frequencies observed in the stars must be made, a task which is far from simple. In this work we begin the analysis by scrutinizing the frequencies found in the CoRoT photometric satellite measurements and ground-based high-resolution spectroscopy of the hybrid star HD 49434. The results show almost no consistency between the frequencies found using the two techniques and no characteristic period spacings or couplings were identified in either dataset. The spectroscopic data additionally show no evidence for any long term (5 year) variation in the dominant frequency. The 31 spectroscopic frequencies identified have standard deviation profiles suggesting multiple modes sharing (l, m) in the {\\delta} Scuti frequency region and several skewed modes sharing the same (l, m) in the {\\gamma} Doradus frequenc...

  15. A NEW SUB-STELLAR COMPANION AROUND THE YOUNG STAR HD 284149

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bonavita, Mariangela; Desidera, Silvano [INAF-Osservatorio Astronomico di Padova, Vicolo dell' Osservatorio 5, I-35122 Padova (Italy); Daemgen, Sebastian; Jayawardhana, Ray [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON M5S 3H4 (Canada); Janson, Markus [Astrophysics Research Centre, Queen' s University Belfast, Belfast BT7 1NN (United Kingdom); Lafrenière, David, E-mail: mariangela.bonavita@oapd.inaf.it [Department of Physics, University of Montreal, Montreal, QC H3T 1J4 (Canada)

    2014-08-20

    Even though only a handful of sub-stellar companions have been found via direct imaging, each of these discoveries has had a tremendous impact on our understanding of the star formation process and the physics of cool atmospheres. Young stars are prime targets for direct imaging searches for planets and brown dwarfs due to the favorable brightness contrast expected at such ages and also because it is often possible to derive relatively good age estimates for these primaries. Here we present the direct imaging discovery of HD 284149 b, a 18-50 M {sub Jup} companion at a projected separation of 400 AU from a young (25{sub 10}{sup +25} Myr) F8 star, with which it shares common proper motion.

  16. The Gemini NICI Planet-Finding Campaign: Discovery of a Multiple System Orbiting the Young A Star HD 1160

    CERN Document Server

    Nielsen, Eric L; Wahhaj, Zahed; Biller, Beth A; Hayward, Thomas L; Boss, Alan; Bowler, Brendan; Kraus, Adam; Shkolnik, Evgenya L; Tecza, Matthias; Chun, Mark; Clarke, Fraser; Close, Laird M; Ftaclas, Christ; Hartung, Markus; Males, Jared R; Reid, I Neill; Skemer, Andrew J; Alencar, Silvia H P; Burrows, Adam; Pino, Elisabethe de Gouveia Dal; Gregorio-Hetem, Jane; Kuchner, Marc; Thatte, Niranjan; Toomey, Douglas W

    2012-01-01

    We report the discovery by the Gemini NICI Planet-Finding Campaign of two low-mass companions to the young A0V star HD 1160 at projected separations of 81 +/- 5 AU (HD 1160 B) and 533 +/- 25 AU (HD 1160 C). VLT images of the system taken over a decade for the purpose of using HD 1160 A as a photometric calibrator confirm that both companions are physically associated. By comparing the system to members of young moving groups and open clusters with well-established ages, we estimate an age of 50 (+50,-40) Myr for HD 1160 ABC. While the UVW motion of the system does not match any known moving group, the small magnitude of the space velocity is consistent with youth. Near-IR spectroscopy shows HD 1160 C to be an M3.5 +/- 0.5 star with an estimated mass of 0.22 (+0.03,-0.04) M_Sun, while NIR photometry of HD 1160 B suggests a brown dwarf with a mass of 33 (+12,-9) M_Jup. The very small mass ratio (0.014) between the A and B components of the system is rare for A star binaries, and would represent a planetary-mass...

  17. A 12-year Activity Cycle for the Nearby Planet Host Star HD 219134

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Marshall C.; Endl, Michael; Cochran, William D.; Meschiari, Stefano; Robertson, Paul; MacQueen, Phillip J.; Brugamyer, Erik J.; Caldwell, Caroline; Hatzes, Artie P.; Ramírez, Ivan; Wittenmyer, Robert A.

    2016-04-01

    The nearby (6.5 pc) star HD 219134 was recently shown by Motalebi et al. and Vogt et al. to host several planets, the innermost of which is transiting. We present 27 years of radial velocity (RV) observations of this star from the McDonald Observatory Planet Search program, and 19 years of stellar activity data. We detect a long-period activity cycle measured in the Ca ii SHK index, with a period of 4230 ± 100 days (11.7 years), very similar to the 11 year solar activity cycle. Although the period of the Saturn-mass planet HD 219134 h is close to half that of the activity cycle, we argue that it is not an artifact due to stellar activity. We also find a significant periodicity in the SHK data due to stellar rotation with a period of 22.8 days. This is identical to the period of planet f identified by Vogt et al., suggesting that this RV signal might be caused by rotational modulation of stellar activity rather than a planet. Analysis of our RVs allows us to detect the long-period planet HD 219134 h and the transiting super-Earth HD 219134 b. Finally, we use our long time baseline to constrain the presence of longer period planets in the system, excluding to 1σ objects with M{sin}i\\gt 0.36{M}J at 12 years (corresponding to the orbital period of Jupiter) and M{sin}i\\gt 0.72{M}J at a period of 16.4 years (assuming a circular orbit for an outer companion).

  18. Spectroscopic monitoring of the Herbig Ae star HD 104237. II. Non-radial pulsations, mode analysis and fundamental stellar parameters

    OpenAIRE

    Fumel, Aurelie; Boehm, Torsten

    2011-01-01

    Herbig Ae/Be stars are intermediate-mass pre-main sequence (PMS) stars showing signs of intense activity and strong stellar winds, whose origin is not yet understood in the frame of current theoretical models of stellar evolution for young stars. The evolutionary tracks of the earlier Herbig Ae stars cross a recently discovered PMS instability strip. Many of these stars exhibit pulsations of delta Scuti type. HD 104237 is a well-known pulsating Herbig Ae star. In this article, we reinvestigat...

  19. Searching for Star-Planet interactions within the magnetosphere of HD 189733

    CERN Document Server

    Fares, R; Moutou, C; Jardine, M M; Griessmeier, J -M; Zarka, P; Shkolnik, E L; Bohlender, D; Catala, C; Cameron, A C

    2010-01-01

    HD 189733 is a K2 dwarf, orbited by a giant planet at 8.8 stellar radii. In order to study magnetospheric interactions between the star and the planet, we explore the large-scale magnetic field and activity of the host star. We collected spectra using the ESPaDOnS and the NARVAL spectropolarimeters, installed at the 3.6-m Canada-France-Hawaii telescope and the 2-m Telescope Bernard Lyot at Pic du Midi, during two monitoring campaigns (June 2007 and July 2008). HD 189733 has a mainly toroidal surface magnetic field, having a strength that reaches up to 40 G. The star is differentially rotating, with latitudinal angular velocity shear of domega = 0.146 +- 0.049 rad/d, corresponding to equatorial and polar periods of 11.94 +- 0.16 d and 16.53 +- 2.43 d respectively. The study of the stellar activity shows that it is modulated mainly by the stellar rotation (rather than by the orbital period or the beat period between the stellar rotation and the orbital periods). We report no clear evidence of magnetospheric int...

  20. Vertical abundance stratification in the blue horizontal branch star HD135485

    CERN Document Server

    Khalack, V R; Bohlender, D A; Wade, G A; Behr, B B

    2007-01-01

    It is commonly believed that the observed overabundances of many chemical species relative to the expected cluster metallicity in blue horizontal branch (BHB) stars appear as a result of atomic diffusion in the photosphere. The slow rotation of BHB stars (with T_eff > 11,500K), typically v sin{i} < 10 km/s, is consistent with this idea. In this work we search for observational evidence of vertical chemical stratification in the atmosphere of HD135485. If this evidence exists, it will demonstrate the importance of atomic diffusion processes in the atmospheres of BHB stars. We undertake an extensive abundance stratification analysis of the atmosphere of HD135485, based on recently acquired high resolution and S/N CFHT ESPaDOnS spectra and a McDonald-CE spectrum. Our numerical simulations show that nitrogen and sulfur reveal signatures of vertical abundance stratification in the stellar atmosphere. It appears that the abundances of these elements increase toward the upper atmosphere. This fact cannot be expla...

  1. Iron-Group Abundances in the Metal-Poor Main Sequence Turnoff Star HD~84937

    CERN Document Server

    Sneden, Christopher; Kobayashi, Chiaki; Pignatari, Marco; Lawler, James E; Hartog, Elizabeth A Den; Wood, Michael P

    2015-01-01

    We have derived new very accurate abundances of the Fe-group elements Sc through Zn (Z = 21-30) in the bright main-sequence turnoff star HD 84937, based on high-resolution spectra covering the visible and ultraviolet spectral regions. New or recent laboratory transition data for 14 species of seven elements have been used. Abundances from more than 600 lines of non-Fe species have been combined with about 550 Fe lines in HD 84937 to yield abundance ratios of high precision. The abundances have been determined from both neutral and ionized transitions, which generally are in agreement with each other. We find no substantial departures from standard LTE Saha ionization balance in this [Fe/H] = -2.32 star. Noteworthy among the abundances are: [Co/Fe] = 0.14 and [Cu/Fe] = -0.83, in agreement with past studies abundance trends in this and other low metallicity stars; and = 0.31, which has not been noted previously. A detailed examination of scandium, titanium, and vanadium abundances in large-sample spectroscopic...

  2. A resolved debris disk around the candidate planet-hosting star HD95086

    CERN Document Server

    Moór, A; Kóspál, Á; Szabó, Gy M; Apai, D; Balog, Z; Csengeri, T; Grady, C; Henning, Th; Juhász, A; Kiss, Cs; Pascucci, I; Szulágyi, J; Vavrek, R

    2013-01-01

    Recently, a new planet candidate was discovered on direct images around the young (10-17 Myr) A-type star HD95086. The strong infrared excess of the system indicates that, similarly to HR8799, {\\ss} Pic, and Fomalhaut, the star harbors a circumstellar disk. Aiming to study the structure and gas content of the HD95086 disk, and to investigate its possible interaction with the newly discovered planet, here we present new optical, infrared and millimeter observations. We detected no CO emission, excluding the possibility of an evolved gaseous primordial disk. Simple blackbody modeling of the spectral energy distribution suggests the presence of two spatially separate dust belts at radial distances of 6 and 64 AU. Our resolved images obtained with the Herschel Space Observatory reveal a characteristic disk size of ~6.0x5.4 arcsec (540x490 AU) and disk inclination of ~25 degree. Assuming the same inclination for the planet candidate's orbit, its re-projected radial distance from the star is 62 AU, very close to th...

  3. A magnetic model for acoustic modes in roAp stars

    CERN Document Server

    Zita, E J

    1998-01-01

    The mechanism for excitation of p-modes in rapidly oscillating, peculiar A (roAp, or cool chemically peculiar, CP) stars is unknown. Observations strongly suggest that acoustic modes in roAp stars are causally linked to the stars' magnetic field. We propose that small fluctuations in the shape of the mean magnetic field drive magnetosonic waves, which are observed as p-modes in these stars. The dynamic edge region of roAp stars is a force-free spherical shell. When strongly coupled to the magnetic field, a force-free plasma can oscillate about a minimum in its mean magnetic energy. We describe the stable eigenmodes for this energy minimum in a spherical shell with an open boundary. The wavenumbers, frequencies, and energies of resulting oscillations are consistent with observations of p-modes in roAp stars. Our magnetic model for p-mode oscillations in stars does not invoke convection or opacity mechanisms. We also suggest the possibility of a nonlinear dynamo for such magnetic stars, which lack the convectio...

  4. A Resolved Debris Disk Around the Candidate Planet-hosting Star HD 95086

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moor, A.; Abraham, P.; Kospal, A.; Szabo, Gy. M.; Apai, D.; Balog, Z.; Csengeri, T.; Grady, C.; Henning, Th.; Juhasz, J.; Kiss, Cs.; Pasucci, I.; Szulagyi, J.; Vavrek, R.

    2013-01-01

    Recently, a new planet candidate was discovered on direct images around the young (10-17 Myr) A-type star HD 95086. The strong infrared excess of the system indicates that, similar to HR8799, Beta Pic, and Fomalhaut, the star harbors a circumstellar disk. Aiming to study the structure and gas content of the HD 95086 disk, and to investigate its possible interaction with the newly discovered planet, here we present new optical, infrared, and millimeter observations. We detected no CO emission, excluding the possibility of an evolved gaseous primordial disk. Simple blackbody modeling of the spectral energy distribution suggests the presence of two spatially separate dust belts at radial distances of 6 and 64 AU. Our resolved images obtained with the Herschel Space Observatory reveal a characteristic disk size of approx. 6.0 × 5.4 (540 × 490 AU) and disk inclination of approx 25 deg. Assuming the same inclination for the planet candidate's orbit, its reprojected radial distance from the star is 62 AU, very close to the blackbody radius of the outer cold dust ring. The structure of the planetary system at HD 95086 resembles the one around HR8799. Both systems harbor a warm inner dust belt and a broad colder outer disk and giant planet(s) between the two dusty regions. Modeling implies that the candidate planet can dynamically excite the motion of planetesimals even out to 270 AU via their secular perturbation if its orbital eccentricity is larger than about 0.4. Our analysis adds a new example to the three known systems where directly imaged planet(s) and debris disks coexist.

  5. ALMA detection of the rotating molecular disk wind from the young star HD 163296

    OpenAIRE

    Klaassen, P. D.; Juhasz, A.; Mathews, G. S.; Mottram, J. C.; de Gregorio-Monsalvo, I.; van Dishoeck, E. F.; Takahashi, S.; Akiyama, E.; Chapillon, E.; Espada, D.; Hales, A.; Hogerheijde, M.R.; Rawlings, M.; Schmalzl, M.; Testi, L.

    2013-01-01

    Disk winds have been postulated as a mechanism for angular momentum release in protostellar systems for decades. HD 163296 is a Herbig Ae star surrounded by a disk and has been shown to host a series of HH knots (HH 409) with bow shocks associated with the farthest knots. Here we present ALMA Science Verification data of CO J=2-1 and J=3-2 emission which are spatially coincident with the blue shifted jet of HH knots, and offset from the disk by -18.6 km/s. The emission has a double corkscrew ...

  6. Confirming HD 23478 as a new magnetic B star hosting an Hα-bright centrifugal magnetosphere

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sikora, J.; Wade, G. A.; Bohlender, D. A.; Neiner, C.; Oksala, M. E.; Shultz, M.; Cohen, D. H.; ud-Doula, A.; Grunhut, J.; Monin, D.; Owocki, S.; Petit, V.; Rivinus, T.; Townsend, R. H. D.

    2015-08-01

    In this paper, we report 23 magnetic field measurements of the B3IV star HD 23478: 12 obtained from high-resolution Stokes V spectra using the ESPaDOnS (Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope) and Narval (Télescope Bernard Lyot) spectropolarimeters, and 11 from medium-resolution Stokes V spectra obtained with the DimaPol spectropolarimeter (Dominion Astronomical Observatory). HD 23478 was one of two rapidly rotating stars identified as potential `centrifugal magnetosphere' hosts based on IR observations from the Apache Point Observatory Galactic Evolution Experiment survey. We derive basic physical properties of this star including its mass (M=6.1^{+0.8}_{-0.7} M_{⊙), effective temperature (Teff = 20 ± 2 kK), radius (R=2.7^{+1.6}_{-0.9} R_{⊙}), and age (τ_age=3^{+37}_{-1} Myr). We repeatedly detect weakly variable Zeeman signatures in metal, He, and H lines in all our observations corresponding to a longitudinal magnetic field of ≈ -2.0 kG. The rotational period is inferred from Hipparcos photometry (Prot = 1.0498(4) d). Under the assumption of the Oblique Rotator Model, our observations yield a surface dipole magnetic field of strength Bd ≥ 9.5 kG that is approximately aligned with the stellar rotation axis. We confirm the presence of strong and broad Hα emission and gauge the volume of this star's centrifugal magnetosphere to be consistent with those of other Hα emitting centrifugal magnetosphere stars based on the large inferred Alfvén to Kepler radius ratio.

  7. Elemental abundances of the B and A stars. 2: Gamma Geminorum, HD 60825, 7 Sextantis, HR 4817, and HR 5780

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adelman, Saul J.; Philip, A. G. Davis

    1994-01-01

    We extend fine analyses of the B and A stars, gamma Geminorum, 7 Sextantis, HR 4817, and HR 5780 using additional spectroscopic data from the Kitt Peak National Observatory (KPNO) coude feed telescope with a TI CCD, camera 5, and grating A, and ATLAS9 model atmospheres. In addition we study HD 60825, which had colors similar to the FHB A stars, but was found to be a Population I star. HD 60825, as is gamma Gem, is a sharp-lined early-A star with nearly solar derived abundances. HR 5780 and 7 Sex are also examples of stars which for the most part have solar abundances. The newly derived abundances for HR 4817 reveal important differences with respect to 53 Tau, a somewhat similar HgMn star.

  8. Testing stellar evolution models with the retired A star HD 185351

    CERN Document Server

    Hjørringgaard, Jakob G; White, Tim R; Huber, Daniel; Pope, Benjamin J S; Casagrande, Luca; Justesen, Anders B; Christensen-Dalsgaard, Jørgen

    2016-01-01

    The physical parameters of the retired A star HD 185351 were analysed in great detail by Johnson et al. (2014) using interferometry, spectroscopy and asteroseismology. Results from all independent methods are consistent with HD 185351 having a mass in excess of $1.5\\mathrm{M}_{\\odot}$. However, the study also showed that not all observational constraints could be reconciled in stellar evolutionary models, leading to mass estimates ranging from $\\sim 1.6-1.9\\mathrm{M}_{\\odot}$ and casting doubts on the accuracy of stellar properties determined from asteroseismology. Here we solve this discrepancy and construct a theoretical model in agreement with all observational constraints on the physical parameters of HD 185351. The effects of varying input physics are examined as well as considering the additional constraint of the observed g-mode period spacing. This quantity is found to be sensitive to the inclusion of additional mixing from the convective core during the main sequence, and can be used to calibrate the...

  9. Multiwavelength study of the magnetically active T Tauri star HD 283447

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feigelson, Eric D.; Welty, Alan D.; Imhoff, Catherine; Hall, Jeffrey C.; Etzel, Paul B.; Phillips, Robert B.; Lonsdale, Colin J.

    1994-01-01

    We observed the luminous T Tauri star HD 283447 = V773 Tauri simultaneously at X-ray, ultraviolet, optical photometric and spectroscopic, and radio wavelengths for several hours on UT 1992 September 11. ROSAT, IUE, Very Large Array (VLA) and an intercontinental Very Long Baseline Interferometry (VLBI) network, and three optical observatories participated in the campaign. The star is known for its unusually high and variable nonthermal radio continuum emission. High levels of soft X-ray and Mg II line emission are discovered, with luminosity L(sub x) = 5.5 x 10(exp 30) ergs/s (0.2 - 2 keV) and L(sub Mg II) = 1 x 10(exp 29) ergs/s, respectively. Optically, the spectrum exhibits rather weak characteristics of `classical' T Tauri stars. A faint, broad emission line component, probably due to a collimated wind or infall, is present. During the campaign, the radio luminosity decreased by a factor of 4, while optical/UV lines and X-ray emission remained strong but constant. The large gyrosynchrotron-emitting regions are therefore decoupled from the chromospheric and coronal emission. Five models for the magnetic geometry around the star are discussed; solar-type activity, dipole magnetosphere, star-disk magnetic coupling, disk magnetic fields, and close binary interaction. The data suggest that two magnetic geometries are simultaneously present: complex multipolar fields like those on the Sun, and a large-scale field possibly associated with the circumstellar disk.

  10. The Cool Giant HD 77361 - A Super Li-Rich Star

    CERN Document Server

    Lyubimkov, L S; Metlov, V G; Pavlenko, Ya V; Poklad, D B; Rachkovskaya, T M

    2016-01-01

    Super Li-rich stars form a very small and enigmatic group whose existence cannot be explained in terms of the standard stellar evolution theory. The goal of our study is to check the reality of this group of cool giants based on an independent technique. We have carried out such a check using the K giant HD 77361 (HR 3597), which has previously been assigned to this rare type, as an example. We have redetermined the effective temperature Teff and surface gravity log g for this star. We have applied two different methods, photometric and spectroscopic, to estimate Teff (the accuracy of the Li-abundance determination depends significantly on this parameter). The value of log g has been found from the highly accurate parallax of this nearby star. To apply the photometric method of determining Teff, we have performed UBV observations of the star, which yielded V = 6.18 +/- 0.03, B - V = 1.13 +/- 0.01, and U - B = 1.18+/-0.05. The following parameters of the star have been found: effective temperature Teff = 4370+...

  11. Rotationally modulated variations and the mean longitudinal magnetic field of the Herbig Ae star HD 101412

    CERN Document Server

    Hubrig, S; Gonzalez, J F; Schoeller, M; Ilyin, I; Cure, M; Zejda, M; Cowley, C R; Elkin, V G; Pogodin, M A; Yudin, R V

    2010-01-01

    Despite of the importance of magnetic fields for the full understanding of the properties of accreting Herbig Ae/Be stars, these fields have scarcely been studied over the rotation cycle until now. One reason for the paucity of such observations is the lack of knowledge of their rotation periods. The sharp-lined young Herbig Ae star HD101412 with a strong surface magnetic field became in the last years one of the most studied targets among the Herbig Ae/Be stars. A few months ago we obtained multi-epoch polarimetric spectra of this star with FORS2 to search for a rotation period and to constrain the geometry of the magnetic field. We measured longitudinal magnetic fields on 13 different epochs distributed over 62 days. These new measurements together with our previous measurements of the magnetic field in this star were combined with available photometric observations to determine the rotation period. The search of the rotation period resulted in P=42.076+-0.01d. According to near-infrared imaging studies the...

  12. The role of turbulent pressure as a coherent pulsational driving mechanism: the case of the delta Scuti star HD 187547

    CERN Document Server

    Antoci, V; Houdek, G; Kjeldsen, H; Trampedach, R; Handler, G; Lueftinger, T; Arentoft, T; Murphy, S

    2014-01-01

    HD 187547 was the first candidate that led to the suggestion that solar-like oscillations are present in delta Scuti stars. Longer observations, however, show that the modes interpreted as solar-like oscillations have either very long mode lifetimes, longer than 960 days, or are coherent. These results are incompatible with the nature of `pure' stochastic excitation as observed in solar-like stars. Nonetheless, one point is certain: the opacity mechanism alone cannot explain the oscillation spectrum of HD 187547. Here we present new theoretical investigations showing that convection dynamics can intrinsically excite coherent pulsations in the chemically peculiar delta Scuti star HD 187547. More precisely, it is the perturbations of the mean Reynold stresses (turbulent pressure) that drives the pulsations and the excitation takes place predominantly in the hydrogen ionization zone.

  13. Spectroscopic signatures of magnetospheric accretion in Herbig Ae/Be stars. I. The case of HD101412

    CERN Document Server

    Schöller, M; Cahuasqui, J A; Drake, N A; Hubrig, S; Petr-Gotzens, M G; Savanov, I S; Wolff, B; Gonzalez, J F; Mysore, S; Ilyin, I; Jarvinen, S P; Stelzer, B

    2016-01-01

    Models of magnetically-driven accretion and outflows reproduce many observational properties of T Tauri stars. This concept is not well established for the more massive Herbig Ae/Be stars. We intend to examine the magnetospheric accretion in Herbig Ae/Be stars and search for rotational modulation using spectroscopic signatures, in this first paper concentrating on the well-studied Herbig Ae star HD101412. We used near-infrared spectroscopic observations of the magnetic Herbig Ae star HD101412 to test the magnetospheric character of its accretion disk/star interaction. We reduced and analyzed 30 spectra of HD101412, acquired with the CRIRES and X-shooter spectrographs installed at the VLT (ESO, Chile). The spectroscopic analysis was based on the He I lambda 10,830 and Pa gamma lines, formed in the accretion region. We found that the temporal behavior of these diagnostic lines in the near-infrared spectra of HD101412 can be explained by rotational modulation of line profiles generated by accreting gas with a pe...

  14. The magnetic field of the pre-main sequence Herbig Ae star HD 190073

    Science.gov (United States)

    Catala, C.; Alecian, E.; Donati, J.-F.; Wade, G. A.; Landstreet, J. D.; Böhm, T.; Bouret, J.-C.; Bagnulo, S.; Folsom, C.; Silvester, J.

    2007-01-01

    Context: The general context of this paper is the study of magnetic fields in the pre-main sequence intermediate mass Herbig Ae/Be stars. Magnetic fields are likely to play an important role in pre-main sequence evolution at these masses, in particular in controlling the gains and losses of stellar angular momentum. Aims: The particular aim of this paper is to announce the detection of a structured magnetic field in the Herbig Ae star HD 190073, and to discuss various scenarii for the geometry of the star, its environment and its magnetic field. Methods: We have used the ESPaDOnS spectropolarimeter at CFHT in 2005 and 2006 to obtain high-resolution, high signal-to-noise circular polarization spectra which demonstrate unambiguously the presence of a magnetic field in the photosphere of this star. Results: Nine circular polarization spectra were obtained, each one showing a clear Zeeman signature. This signature is suggestive of a magnetic field structured on large scales. The signature, which corresponds to a longitudinal magnetic field of 74± 10 G, does not vary detectably on a one-year timeframe, indicating either an azimuthally symmetric field, a zero inclination angle between the rotation axis and the line of sight, or a very long rotation period. The optical spectrum of HD 190073 exhibits a large number of emission lines. We discuss the formation of these emission lines in the framework of a model involving a turbulent heated region at the base of the stellar wind, possibly powered by magnetic accretion. Conclusions: .This magnetic detection contributes an important new observational discovery which will aid our understanding of stellar magnetism at intermediate masses. Based on observations obtained at the Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope (CFHT) which is operated by the National Research Council of Canada, the Institut National des Sciences de l'Univers of the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique of France, and the University of Hawaii.

  15. Confirmation of the magnetic oblique rotator model for the Of?p star HD 191612

    CERN Document Server

    Wade, G A; Townsend, R H D; Grunhut, J H; Shultz, M; Bouret, J -C; Fullerton, A; Marcolino, W; Martins, F; Nazé, Y; Doula, A ud; Walborn, N R; Donati, J -F

    2011-01-01

    This paper reports high-precision Stokes V spectra of HD 191612 acquired using the ESPaDOnS spectropolarimeter at the Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope, in the context of the Magnetism in Massive stars (MiMeS) Project. Using measurements of the equivalent width of the Halpha line and radial velocities of various metallic lines, we have updated both the spectroscopic and orbital ephemerides of this star. We confirm the presence of a strong magnetic field in the photosphere of HD 191612, and detect its variability. We establish that the longitudinal field varies in a manner consistent with the spectroscopic period of 537.6 d, in an approximately sinusoidal fashion. This demonstrates a firm connection between the magnetic field and the processes responsible for the line and continuum variability. Interpreting the variation of the longitudinal magnetic field within the context of the dipole oblique rotator model we obtain a best-fit surface magnetic field model with obliquity beta=67\\pm 5 deg and polar strength Bd=2...

  16. The spectral variability and magnetic field characteristics of the Of?p star HD 148937

    CERN Document Server

    Wade, G A; Graefener, G; Howarth, I D; Martins, F; Petit, V; Vink, J S; Bagnulo, S; Folsom, C P; Nazé, Y; Walborn, N R; Townsend, R H D; Evans, C J

    2011-01-01

    We reportmagnetic and spectroscopic observations and modeling of the Of?p star HD 148937 within the context of theMagnetism in Massive Stars (MiMeS) Large Program at the Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope. Thirty-two high signal-to-noise ratio circularly polarised (Stokes V) spectra and 13 unpolarised (Stokes I) spectra of HD 148937 were acquired in 2009 and 2010. A definite detection of a Stokes V Zeeman signature is obtained in the grand mean of all observations (in both Least-Squares Deconvolved (LSD) mean profiles and individual spectral lines). The longitudinalmagnetic field inferred from the Stokes V LSD profiles is consistently negative, in contrast to the essentially zero field strength measured from the diagnostic null profiles. A period search of new and archival equivalent width measurements confirms the previously-reported 7.03 d variability period. The variation of equivalent widths is not strictly periodic: we present evidence for evolution of the amount or distribution of circumstellar plasma. Inte...

  17. Investigating the spectroscopic, magnetic and circumstellar variability of the O9 subgiant star HD 57682

    CERN Document Server

    Grunhut, J H; Sundqvist, J O; ud-Doula, A; Neiner, C; Ignace, R; Marcolino, W L F; Rivinius, Th; Fullerton, A; Kaper, L; Mauclaire, B; Buil, C; Garrel, T; Ribeiro, J; Ubaud, S

    2012-01-01

    The O9IV star HD 57682, discovered to be magnetic within the context of the MiMeS survey in 2009, is one of only eight convincingly detected magnetic O-type stars. Among this select group, it stands out due to its sharp-lined photospheric spectrum. Since its discovery, the MiMeS Collaboration has continued to obtain spectroscopic and magnetic observations in order to refine our knowledge of its magnetic field strength and geometry, rotational period, and spectral properties and variability. In this paper we report new ESPaDOnS spectropolarimetric observations of HD 57682, which are combined with previously published ESPaDOnS data and archival H{\\alpha} spectroscopy. This dataset is used to determine the rotational period (63.5708 \\pm 0.0057 d), refine the longitudinal magnetic field variation and magnetic geometry (dipole surface field strength of 880\\pm50 G and magnetic obliquity of 79\\pm4\\circ as measured from the magnetic longitudinal field variations, assuming an inclination of 60\\circ), and examine the p...

  18. High-resolution X-ray spectroscopy of the magnetic Of?p star HD148937

    CERN Document Server

    Naze, Y; Walborn, N R

    2011-01-01

    High-resolution data of the peculiar magnetic massive star HD148937 were obtained with Chandra-HETGS, and are presented here in combination with a re-analysis of the older XMM-RGS data. The lines of the high-Z elements (Mg, Si, S) were found to be unshifted and relatively narrow (FWHM of about 800km/s), i.e. narrower than the O line recorded by RGS, which possibly indicates that the hot plasma is multi-thermal and has several origins. These data further indicate a main plasma temperature of about 0.6keV and a formation of the X-ray emission at about one stellar radius above the photosphere. From the spectral fits and the H-to-He line ratios, the presence of very hot plasma is however confirmed, though with a smaller relative strength than for the prototype magnetic oblique rotator $\\theta^1$\\,Ori\\,C. Both stars thus share many similarities, but HD148937 appears less extreme than $\\theta^1$\\,Ori\\,C despite having also a large magnetic confinement parameter.

  19. Gas and dust spectra of the D' type symbiotic star HD330036

    CERN Document Server

    Angeloni, R; Ciroi, S; Rafanelli, P

    2007-01-01

    We present a comprehensive and self-consistent modelling of the D' type symbiotic star (SS) HD330036 from radio to UV. Within a colliding-wind scenario, we analyse the continuum, line and dust spectra by means of SUMA, a code that simulates the physical conditions of an emitting gaseous cloud under the coupled effect of ionization from an external radiation source and shocks. We find that the UV lines are emitted from high density gas between the stars downstream of the reverse shock, while the optical lines are emitted downstream of the shock propagating outwards the system. As regards with the continuum SED, three shells are identified in the IR, at 850K, 320 K and 200 K with radii r = 2.8 10^13 cm, 4 10^14$ cm, and 10^15 cm, respectively, adopting a distance to Earth d=2.3 kpc: interestingly, all these shells appear to be circumbinary. The analysis of the unexploited ISO-SWS spectrum reveals that both PAHs and crystalline silicates coexist in HD330036, with PAHs associated to the internal shell at 850 K, a...

  20. Coordinated X-ray and Optical observations of Star-Planet Interaction in HD 17156

    CERN Document Server

    Maggio, A; Scandariato, G; Lanza, A F; Sciortino, S; Borsa, F; Bonomo, A S; Claudi, R; Covino, E; Desidera, S; Gratton, R; Micela, G; Pagano, I; Piotto, G; Sozzetti, A; Cosentino, R; Maldonado, J

    2015-01-01

    The large number of close-in Jupiter-size exoplanets prompts the question whether star-planet interaction (SPI) effects can be detected. We focused our attention on the system HD 17156, having a Jupiter-mass planet in a very eccentric orbit. Here we present results of the XMM-Newton observations and of a five month coordinated optical campaign with the HARPS-N spectrograph. We observed HD 17156 with XMM-Newton when the planet was approaching the apoastron and then at the following periastron passage, quasi simultaneously with HARPS-N. We obtained a clear ($\\approx 5.5\\sigma$) X-ray detection only at the periastron visit, accompanied by a significant increase of the $R'_{\\rm HK}$ chromospheric index. We discuss two possible scenarios for the activity enhancement: magnetic reconnection and flaring or accretion onto the star of material tidally stripped from the planet. In any case, this is possibly the first evidence of a magnetic SPI effect caught in action.

  1. Abundances of neutron-capture elements in the Hot Extreme-Helium Stars V1920 Cygni and HD 124448

    CERN Document Server

    Pandey, G; Rao, N K; Jeffery, C S; Pandey, Gajendra; Lambert, David L.

    2004-01-01

    Analysis of HST STIS ultraviolet spectra of two hot extreme helium stars (EHes): V1920 Cyg and HD 124448 provide the first measurements of abundances of neutron-capture elements for EHes. Although the two stars have similar abundances for elements up through the iron-group, they differ strikingly in their abundances of heavier elements: V1920 Cyg is enriched by a factor of 30 in light neutron-capture elements (Y/Fe, Zr/Fe) relative to HD 124448. These differences in abundances of neutron-capture elements among EHes mirrors that exhibited by the RCrB stars, and is evidence supporting the view that there is an evolutionary connection between these two groups of hydrogen-deficient stars. Also, the abundances of Y and Zr in V1920 Cyg provide evidence that at least one EHe star went through a s-process synthesis episode in its earlier evolution.

  2. Stokes IQUV mapping of $\\alpha^2$ CVn & other Ap stars using ESPaDOnS and NARVAL

    OpenAIRE

    Silvester, J.; Kochukhov, O.; Wade, G. A.

    2013-01-01

    New spectral line polarisation observations of 7 bright Ap stars have been obtained with the ESPaDOnS and Narval high resolution spectropolarimeters (Silvester et al. 2012). The aim of this data set is produce a series of surface magnetic field and surface chemistry maps for these Ap stars. We present new magnetic maps for the Ap star $\\alpha^2$ CVn using these new data and the MDI inversion code INVERS10. $\\alpha^2$ CVn is the first Ap star to be observed during two separate epochs using hig...

  3. Surface structure of the CoRoT CP2 target star HD 50773

    CERN Document Server

    Lüftinger, T; Weiss, W; Petit, P; Aurière, M; Nesvacil, N; Gruberbauer, M; Shulyak, D; Alecian, E; Baglin, A; Baudin, F; Catala, C; Donati, J -F; Kochukhov, O; Michel, E; Piskunov, N; Roudier, T; Samadi, R

    2009-01-01

    We compare surface maps of the chemically peculiar star HD 50773 produced with a Bayesian technique and based on high quality CoRoT photometry with those derived from rotation phase resolved spectropolarimetry. The goal is to investigate the correlation of surface brightness with surface chemical abundance distribution and the stellar magnetic field. The rotational period of the star was determined from a nearly 60 day long continuous light curve obtained during the initial run of CoRoT. Using a Bayesian approach to star-spot modelling, which in this work is applied for the first time for the photometric mapping of a CP star, we derived longitudes, latitudes and radii of four different spot areas. Additional parameters like stellar inclination and the spot's intensities were also determined. The CoRoT observations triggered an extensive ground-based spectroscopic and spectropolarimetric observing campaign and enabled us to obtain 19 different high resolution spectra in Stokes parameters I and V with NARVAL, E...

  4. A search for solar-like oscillations in the Am star HD 209625

    CERN Document Server

    Carrier, F; Leyder, J C; Debernardi, Y; Royer, F

    2007-01-01

    The goal is to test the structure of hot metallic stars, and in particular the structure of a near-surface convection zone using asteroseismic measurements. Indeed, stellar models including a detailed treatement of the radiative diffusion predict the existence of a near-surface convection zone in order to correctly reproduce the anomalies in surface abundances that are observed in Am stars. The Am star HD 209625 was observed with the Harps spectrograph mounted on the 3.6-m telescope at the ESO La Silla Observatory (Chile) during 9 nights in August 2005. This observing run allowed us to collect 1243 radial velocity (RV) measurements, with a standard deviation of 1.35 m/s. The power spectrum associated with these RV measurements does not present any excess. Therefore, either the structure of the external layers of this star does not allow excitation of solar-like oscillations, or the amplitudes of the oscillations remain below 20-30 cm/s (depending on their frequency range).

  5. Sparse aperture masking at the VLT I. Faint companion detection limits for the two debris disk stars HD 92945 and HD 141569

    CERN Document Server

    Lacour, S; Amico, P; Ireland, M; Ehrenreich, D; Huelamo, N; Lagrange, A -M

    2011-01-01

    Observational data on companion statistics around young stellar systems is needed to flesh out the formation pathways for extrasolar planets and brown dwarfs. Aperture masking is a new technique that is able to address an important part of this discovery space. We observed the two debris disk systems HD 92945 and HD 141569 with sparse aperture masking (SAM), a new mode offered on the NaCo instrument at the VLT. A search for faint companions was performed using a detection strategy based on the analysis of closure phases recovered from interferograms recorded on the Conica camera. Our results demonstrate that SAM is a very competitive mode in the field of companion detection. We obtained 5 sigma high-contrast detection limits at lambda/D of 2.5x10^{-3} (\\Delta L' = 6.5) for HD 92945 and 4.6x10^{-3} (\\Delta L' = 5.8) for HD 141569. According to brown dwarf evolutionary models, our data impose an upper mass boundary for any companion for the two stars to, respectively, 18 and 22 Jupiter masses at minimum separat...

  6. HD5980

    OpenAIRE

    Koenigsberger, C

    2015-01-01

    HD5980 is a multiple system containing at least 3 very massive and luminous stars. Located in the Small Magellanic Cloud, it is an ideal system for studying the massive star structure and evolutionary processes in low-metallicity environments. Intensely observed over the past few decades, HD5980 is a treasure trove of information on stellar wind structure, on wind-wind collisions and on the formation of wind-blown circumstellar structures. In addition, its characteristics suggest that the ecl...

  7. Transit confirmation and improved stellar and planet parameters for the super-Earth HD 97658 b and its host star

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Van Grootel, V.; Gillon, M.; Scuflaire, R. [Institut d' Astrophysique et de Géophysique, Université de Liège, 17 Allée du 6 Août, B-4000 Liège (Belgium); Valencia, D. [Department of Physical and Environmental Sciences, University of Toronto, 1265 Military Trail, Toronto, ON, M1C 1A4 (Canada); Madhusudhan, N.; Demory, B.-O.; Queloz, D. [Institute of Astronomy, University of Cambridge, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0HA (United Kingdom); Dragomir, D. [Las Cumbres Observatory Global Telescope Network, 6740 Cortona Dr. Suite 102, Goleta, CA 93117 (United States); Howe, A. R.; Burrows, A. S. [Department of Astrophysical Sciences, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544 (United States); Deming, D. [Department of Astronomy, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742-2421 (United States); Ehrenreich, D.; Lovis, C.; Mayor, M.; Pepe, F.; Segransan, D.; Udry, S. [Observatoire de Genève, Université de Genève, 51 Chemin des Maillettes, CH-1290 Sauverny (Switzerland); Seager, S., E-mail: valerie.vangrootel@ulg.ac.be [Department of Earth, Atmospheric and Planetary Sciences, Department of Physics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 77 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, MA 02139 (United States)

    2014-05-01

    Super-Earths transiting nearby bright stars are key objects that simultaneously allow for accurate measurements of both their mass and radius, providing essential constraints on their internal composition. We present here the confirmation, based on Spitzer transit observations, that the super-Earth HD 97658 b transits its host star. HD 97658 is a low-mass (M {sub *} = 0.77 ± 0.05 M {sub ☉}) K1 dwarf, as determined from the Hipparcos parallax and stellar evolution modeling. To constrain the planet parameters, we carry out Bayesian global analyses of Keck-High Resolution Echelle Spectrometer (Keck-HIRES) radial velocities and Microvariability and Oscillations of STars (MOST) and Spitzer photometry. HD 97658 b is a massive (M{sub P}=7.55{sub −0.79}{sup +0.83} M{sub ⊕}) and large (R{sub P}=2.247{sub −0.095}{sup +0.098}R{sub ⊕} at 4.5 μm) super-Earth. We investigate the possible internal compositions for HD 97658 b. Our results indicate a large rocky component, of at least 60% by mass, and very little H-He components, at most 2% by mass. We also discuss how future asteroseismic observations can improve the knowledge of the HD 97658 system, in particular by constraining its age. Orbiting a bright host star, HD 97658 b will be a key target for upcoming space missions such as the Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS), the Characterizing Exoplanet Satellite (CHEOPS), the Planetary Transits and Oscillations of stars (PLATO), and the James Webb Space Telescope to characterize thoroughly its structure and atmosphere.

  8. Stokes IQUV Magnetic Doppler Imaging of Ap stars I. ESPaDOnS and NARVAL Observations

    OpenAIRE

    Silvester, J.; Wade, G. A.; Kochukhov, O.; Bagnulo, S.; Folsom, C. P.; Hanes, D.

    2012-01-01

    In this paper we describe and evaluate new spectral line polarisation observations obtained with the goal of mapping the surfaces of magnetic Ap stars in great detail. One hundred complete or partial Stokes IQUV sequences, corresponding to 297 individual polarised spectra, have been obtained for 7 bright Ap stars using the ESPaDOnS and NARVAL spectropolarimeters. The targets span a range of mass from approximately 1.8 to 3.4 solar mass, a range of rotation period from 2.56 to 6.80 days, and a...

  9. Chandra Characterization of X-ray Emission in the Young F-Star Binary System HD 113766

    CERN Document Server

    Lisse, C M; Wolk, S J; Günther, H M; Chen, C H; Grady, C A

    2016-01-01

    Using Chandra we have obtained imaging X-ray spectroscopy of the 10 to 16 Myr old F-star binary HD 113766. We individually resolve the binary components for the first time in the X-ray and find a total 0.3 to 2.0 keV luminosity of 2.2e29 erg/sec, consistent with previous RASS estimates. We find emission from the easternmost, infrared-bright, dusty member HD 113766A to be only 10% that of the western, infrared-faint member HD 113766B. There is no evidence for a 3rd late-type stellar or sub-stellar member of HD113766 with Lx > 6e25 erg s-1 within 2 arcmin of the binary pair. The ratio of the two stars Xray luminosity is consistent with their assignments as F2V and F6V by Pecaut et al. (2012). The emission is soft for both stars, kTApec = 0.30 to 0.50 keV, suggesting X-rays produced by stellar rotation and/or convection in young dynamos, but not accretion or outflow shocks which we rule out. A possible 2.8 +/- 0.15 (2{\\sigma}) hr modulation in the HD 113766B X-ray emission is seen, but at very low confidence and...

  10. Follow-up spectroscopic observations of HD 107148 B: A new white dwarf companion of an exoplanet host star

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mugrauer, M.; Dinçel, B.

    2016-07-01

    We report on our follow-up spectroscopy of HD 1071478 B, a recently detected faint co-moving companion of the exoplanet host star HD 107148 A. The companion is separated from its primary star by about 35 arcsec (or 1790 AU of projected separation) and its optical and near infrared photometry is consistent with a white dwarf, located at the distance of HD 107148 A. In order to confirm the white dwarf nature of the co-moving companion, we obtained follow-up spectroscopic observations of HD 107148 B with CAFOS at the CAHA 2.2 m telescope. According to our CAFOS spectroscopy HD 107148 B is a DA white dwarf with an effective temperature in the range between 5900 and 6400 K. The properties of HD 107148 B can further be constrained with the derived effective temperature and the known visual and infrared photometry of the companion, using evolutionary models of DA white dwarfs. We obtain for HD 107148 B a mass of 0.56±0.05 M_ȯ, a luminosity of (2.0±0.2)×10-4 L_ȯ, log g [cm s-2])=7.95±0.09, and a cooling age of 2100±270 Myr. With its white dwarf companion the exoplanet host star HD 107148 A forms an evolved stellar system, which hosts at least one exoplanet. So far, only few of these evolved systems are known, which represent only about 5 % of all known exoplanet host multiple stellar systems. HD 107148 B is the second confirmed white dwarf companion of an exoplanet host star with a projected separation to its primary star of more than 1000 AU. Based on observations collected at the Centro Astronómico Hispano Alemán (CAHA) at Calar Alto, operated jointly by the Max-Planck Institut für Astronomie and the Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía (CSIC).

  11. Follow-up spectroscopic observations of HD 107148 B: A new white dwarf companion of an exoplanet host star

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mugrauer, M.; Dinçel, B.

    2016-07-01

    We report on our follow-up spectroscopy of HD 1071478 B, a recently detected faint co-moving companion of the exoplanet host star HD 107148 A. The companion is separated from its primary star by about 35 arcsec (or 1790 AU of projected separation) and its optical and near infrared photometry is consistent with a white dwarf, located at the distance of HD 107148 A. In order to confirm the white dwarf nature of the co-moving companion, we obtained follow-up spectroscopic observations of HD 107148 B with CAFOS at the CAHA 2.2 m telescope. According to our CAFOS spectroscopy HD 107148 B is a DA white dwarf with an effective temperature in the range between 5900 and 6400 K. The properties of HD 107148 B can further be constrained with the derived effective temperature and the known visual and infrared photometry of the companion, using evolutionary models of DA white dwarfs. We obtain for HD 107148 B a mass of 0.56±0.05 M_⊙, a luminosity of (2.0±0.2)×10-4 L_⊙, log g [cm s-2])=7.95±0.09, and a cooling age of 2100±270 Myr. With its white dwarf companion the exoplanet host star HD 107148 A forms an evolved stellar system, which hosts at least one exoplanet. So far, only few of these evolved systems are known, which represent only about 5 % of all known exoplanet host multiple stellar systems. HD 107148 B is the second confirmed white dwarf companion of an exoplanet host star with a projected separation to its primary star of more than 1000 AU. Based on observations collected at the Centro Astronómico Hispano Alemán (CAHA) at Calar Alto, operated jointly by the Max-Planck Institut für Astronomie and the Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía (CSIC).

  12. A dynamical magnetosphere model for periodic Halpha emission from the slowly rotating magnetic O star HD191612

    CERN Document Server

    Sundqvist, Jon O; Owocki, Stanley P; Townsend, Richard H D; Howarth, Ian D; Wade, Gregg A

    2012-01-01

    The magnetic O-star HD191612 exhibits strongly variable, cyclic Balmer line emission on a 538-day period. We show here that its variable Halpha emission can be well reproduced by the rotational phase variation of synthetic spectra computed directly from full radiation magneto-hydrodynamical simulations of a magnetically confined wind. In slow rotators such as HD191612, wind material on closed magnetic field loops falls back to the star, but the transient suspension of material within the loops leads to a statistically overdense, low velocity region around the magnetic equator, causing the spectral variations. We contrast such "dynamical magnetospheres" (DMs) with the more steady-state "centrifugal magnetospheres" of stars with rapid rotation, and discuss the prospects of using this DM paradigm to explain periodic line emission from also other non-rapidly rotating magnetic massive stars.

  13. Ultraviolet and visual flux and line variations of one of the least variable Bp stars HD 64740

    CERN Document Server

    Krticka, J; Markova, H; Mikulasek, Z; Zverko, J; Prvak, M; Skarka, M

    2013-01-01

    The light variability of hot magnetic chemically peculiar stars is typically caused by the flux redistribution in spots with peculiar abundance. This raises the question why some stars with surface abundance spots show significant rotational light variability, while others do not. We study the Bp star HD 64740 to investigate how its remarkable inhomogeneities in the surface distribution of helium and silicon, and the corresponding strong variability of many spectral lines, can result in one of the faintest photometric variabilities among the Bp stars. We used model atmospheres and synthetic spectra calculated for the silicon and helium abundances from surface abundance maps to predict the ultraviolet and visual light and line variability of HD 64740. The predicted fluxes and line profiles were compared with the observed ones derived with the IUE, HST, and Hipparcos satellites and with spectra acquired using the FEROS spectrograph at the 2.2m MPG/ESO telescope. We are able to reproduce the observed visual ligh...

  14. KNOW THE STAR, KNOW THE PLANET. V. CHARACTERIZATION OF THE STELLAR COMPANION TO THE EXOPLANET HOST STAR HD 177830

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Roberts, Lewis C. Jr.; Beichman, Charles; Burruss, Rick; Cady, Eric; Lockhart, Thomas G. [Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, 4800 Oak Grove Drive, Pasadena CA 91109 (United States); Oppenheimer, Rebecca; Brenner, Douglas; Luszcz-Cook, Statia; Nilsson, Ricky [American Museum of Natural History, Central Park West at 79th Street, New York, NY 10024 (United States); Crepp, Justin R. [Department of Physics, University of Notre Dame, 225 Nieuwland Science Hall, Notre Dame, IN 46556 (United States); Baranec, Christoph [Institute for Astronomy, University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa, Hilo, HI 96720-2700 (United States); Dekany, Richard; Hillenbrand, Lynne [Division of Physics, Mathematics, and Astronomy, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Hinkley, Sasha [School of Physics, University of Exeter, Stocker Road, Exeter, EX4 4QL (United Kingdom); King, David; Parry, Ian R. [Institute of Astronomy, University of Cambridge, Madingley Road., Cambridge, CB3 OHA (United Kingdom); Pueyo, Laurent [Space Telescope Science Institute, 3700 San Martin Drive, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States); Sivaramakrishnan, Anand; Soummer, Rémi [Department of Astronomy, Stockholm University, AlbaNova University Center, Roslagstullsbacken 21, SE-10691 Stockholm (Sweden); Rice, Emily L., E-mail: lewis.c.roberts@jpl.nasa.gov [Department of Engineering Science and Physics, College of Staten Island, City University of New York, Staten Island, NY 10314 (United States); and others

    2015-10-15

    HD 177830 is an evolved K0IV star with two known exoplanets. In addition to the planetary companions it has a late-type stellar companion discovered with adaptive optics imagery. We observed the binary star system with the PHARO near-IR camera and the Project 1640 coronagraph. Using the Project 1640 coronagraph and integral field spectrograph we extracted a spectrum of the stellar companion. This allowed us to determine that the spectral type of the stellar companion is a M4 ± 1 V. We used both instruments to measure the astrometry of the binary system. Combining these data with published data, we determined that the binary star has a likely period of approximately 800 years with a semimajor axis of 100–200 AU. This implies that the stellar companion has had little or no impact on the dynamics of the exoplanets. The astrometry of the system should continue to be monitored, but due to the slow nature of the system, observations can be made once every 5–10 years.

  15. Spectroscopic signatures of magnetospheric accretion in Herbig Ae/Be stars. I. The case of HD 101412

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schöller, M.; Pogodin, M. A.; Cahuasquí, J. A.; Drake, N. A.; Hubrig, S.; Petr-Gotzens, M. G.; Savanov, I. S.; Wolff, B.; González, J. F.; Mysore, S.; Ilyin, I.; Järvinen, S. P.; Stelzer, B.

    2016-07-01

    Context. Models of magnetically-driven accretion and outflows reproduce many observational properties of T Tauri stars. This concept is not well established for the more massive Herbig Ae/Be stars. Aims: We intend to examine the magnetospheric accretion in Herbig Ae/Be stars and search for rotational modulation using spectroscopic signatures, in this first paper concentrating on the well-studied Herbig Ae star HD 101412. Methods: We used near-infrared spectroscopic observations of the magnetic Herbig Ae star HD 101412 to test the magnetospheric character of its accretion disk/star interaction. We reduced and analyzed 30 spectra of HD 101412, acquired with the CRIRES and X-shooter spectrographs installed at the VLT (ESO, Chile). The spectroscopic analysis was based on the He iλ10 830 and Paγ lines, formed in the accretion region. Results: We found that the temporal behavior of these diagnostic lines in the near-infrared spectra of HD 101412 can be explained by rotational modulation of line profiles generated by accreting gas with a period P = 20.53d±1.68d. The discovery of this period, about half of the magnetic rotation period Pm = 42.076d previously determined from measurements of the mean longitudinal magnetic field, indicates that the accreted matter falls onto the star in regions close to the magnetic poles intersecting the line-of-sight two times during the rotation cycle. We intend to apply this method to a larger sample of Herbig Ae/Be stars. Based on observations made with ESO Telescopes at the La Silla Paranal Observatory under programme IDs 087.C-0124(A), 088.C-0218(A,B,C,E), 090.C-0331(A), and 092.C-0126(A).

  16. HD 140283: A Star in the Solar Neighborhood that Formed Shortly After the Big Bang

    CERN Document Server

    Bond, Howard E; VandenBerg, Don A; Schaefer, Gail H; Harmer, Dianne; 10.1088/2041-8205/765/1/L12

    2013-01-01

    HD 140283 is an extremely metal-deficient and high-velocity subgiant in the solar neighborhood, having a location in the HR diagram where absolute magnitude is most sensitive to stellar age. Because it is bright, nearby, unreddened, and has a well-determined chemical composition, this star avoids most of the issues involved in age determinations for globular clusters. Using the Fine Guidance Sensors on the Hubble Space Telescope, we have measured a trigonometric parallax of 17.15 +/- 0.14 mas for HD 140283, with an error one-fifth of that determined by the Hipparcos mission. Employing modern theoretical isochrones, which include effects of helium diffusion, revised nuclear reaction rates, and enhanced oxygen abundance, we use the precise distance to infer an age of 14.46 +/- 0.31 Gyr. The quoted error includes only the uncertainty in the parallax, and is for adopted surface oxygen and iron abundances of [O/H] = -1.67 and [Fe/H] = -2.40. Uncertainties in the stellar parameters and chemical composition, especia...

  17. Gas and dust mass in the disk around the Herbig Ae star HD169142

    CERN Document Server

    Panić, Olja; Wilner, David; Qi, Chunhua

    2008-01-01

    We investigate the physical structure of the gas component of the disk around the pre-main-sequence star HD169142. The 13CO and C18O J=2-1 line emission is observed from the disk with 1.4'' resolution using the Submillimeter Array. We adopt the disk physical structure derived from a model which fits the spectral energy distribution of HD169142. We obtain the full three-dimensional information on the CO emission with the aid of a molecular excitation and radiative transfer code. This information is used for the analysis of our observations and previous 12CO J=2-1 and 1.3 mm continuum data. The disk is in Keplerian rotation and seen at an inclination close to 13 deg from face-on. We conclude that the regions traced by different CO isotopologues are distinct in terms of their vertical location within the disk, their temperature and their column densities. With the given disk structure, we find that freeze-out is not efficient enough to remove a significant amount of CO from gas phase. Both observed lines match t...

  18. Near-infrared interferometric observation of the Herbig Ae star HD144432 with VLTI/AMBER

    CERN Document Server

    Chen, Lei; Wang, Yang; Weigelt, Gerd; Hofmann, Karl-Heinz; Kraus, Stefan; Schertl, Dieter; Lagarde, Stephane; Natta, Antonella; Petrov, Roman; Robbe-Dubois, Sylvie; Tatulli, Eric

    2012-01-01

    We study the sub-AU-scale circumstellar environment of the Herbig Ae star HD144432 with near-infrared (NIR) VLTI/AMBER observations to investigate the structure of its inner dust disk. The interferometric observations were carried out with the AMBER instrument in the H and K band. We interpret the measured H- and K-band visibilities, the near- and mid-infrared visibilities from the literature, and the SED of HD144432 by using geometric ring models and ring-shaped temperature-gradient disk models with power-law temperature distributions. We derived a K-band ring-fit radius of 0.17 \\pm 0.01 AU and an H-band radius of 0.18 \\pm 0.01 AU (for a distance of 145 pc). This measured K-band radius of \\sim0.17 AU lies in the range between the dust sublimation radius of \\sim0.13 AU (predicted for a dust sublimation temperature of 1500 K and gray dust) and the prediction of models including backwarming (\\sim0.27 AU). We found that an additional extended halo component is required in both the geometric and temperature-gradi...

  19. A resolved, au-scale gas disk around the B[e] star HD 50138

    CERN Document Server

    Ellerbroek, L E; Kraus, S; Perraut, K; Kluska, J; Bouquin, J B le; Fernandes, M Borges; de Souza, A Domiciano; Maaskant, K M; Kaper, L; Tramper, F; Mourard, D; Tallon-Bosc, I; Brummelaar, T ten; Sitko, M L; Lynch, D K; Russell, R W

    2014-01-01

    HD 50138 is a B[e] star surrounded by a large amount of circumstellar gas and dust. Its spectrum shows characteristics which may indicate either a pre- or a post-main-sequence system. Mapping the kinematics of the gas in the inner few au of the system contributes to a better understanding of its physical nature. We present the first high spatial and spectral resolution interferometric observations of the Br-gamma line of HD~50138, obtained with VLTI/AMBER. The line emission originates from a region more compact (up to 3 au) than the continuum-emitting region. Blue- and red-shifted emission originates from the two different hemispheres of an elongated structure perpendicular to the polarization angle. The velocity of the emitting medium decreases radially. An overall offset along the NW direction between the line- and continuum-emitting regions is observed. We compare the data with a geometric model of a thin Keplerian disk and a spherical halo on top of a Gaussian continuum. Most of the data are well reproduc...

  20. The composite nature of the peculiar star HR 6560 (HD 159870)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wegner, Gary; Cowley, Charles R.

    1992-01-01

    Ground-based high-dispersion photographic spectra and ultraviolet spectra obtained with the IUE satellite are described and employed to determine the nature of the peculiar star HR 6560 (HD 159870). Previously this object had been described as both a composite system and as a strong Fm star. The UBVRI, Stromgren, and ultraviolet colors of HR 6560 are compared with objects classified composite from the Bright Star Catalogue and normal dwarfs and giants. The colors of HR 6560 are not unusual for a composite and are consistent with a late-A dwarf, combined with a late-G or early-K giant. The ultraviolet satellite clearly shows the presence of an A component, but its precise spectral type is difficult to assign. The IUE and TD-1 data suggest that the ultraviolet is dominated by light from an A5 V secondary and the visual from a GO III primary. This does not agree well with the most plausible model that fits the visual photometry. The peculiar nature of HR 6560's spectrum is most likely due to its composite nature.

  1. Relating jet structure to photometric variability: the Herbig Ae star HD 163296

    CERN Document Server

    Ellerbroek, L E; Dougados, C; Cabrit, S; Sitko, M L; Sana, H; Kaper, L; de Koter, A; Klaassen, P D; Mulders, G D; Mendigutia, I; Grady, C A; Grankin, K; van Winckel, H; Bacciotti, F; Russell, R W; Lynch, D K; Hammel, H B; Beerman, L C; Day, A N; Huelsman, D M; Werren, C; Henden, A; Grindlay, J

    2014-01-01

    Herbig Ae/Be stars are intermediate-mass pre-main sequence stars surrounded by circumstellar dust disks. Some are observed to produce jets, whose appearance as a sequence of shock fronts (knots) suggests a past episodic outflow variability. This "jet fossil record" can be used to reconstruct the outflow history. We present the first optical to near-infrared (NIR) VLT/X-shooter spectra of the jet from the Herbig Ae star HD 163296. We determine physical conditions in the knots, as well as their kinematic "launch epochs". Knots are formed simultaneously on either side of the disk, with a regular interval of ~16 yr. The velocity dispersion versus jet velocity and the energy input are comparable in both lobes. However, the mass loss rate, velocity, and shock conditions are asymmetric. We find Mjet/Macc ~ 0.01-0.1, consistent with magneto-centrifugal jet launching models. No evidence for dust is found in the high-velocity jet, suggesting it is launched within the sublimation radius (<0.5 au). The jet inclination...

  2. Activity and magnetic field structure of the Sun-like planet-hosting star HD 1237

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alvarado-Gómez, J. D.; Hussain, G. A. J.; Grunhut, J.; Fares, R.; Donati, J.-F.; Alecian, E.; Kochukhov, O.; Oksala, M.; Morin, J.; Redfield, S.; Cohen, O.; Drake, J. J.; Jardine, M.; Matt, S.; Petit, P.; Walter, F. M.

    2015-10-01

    We analyse the magnetic activity characteristics of the planet-hosting Sun-like star, HD 1237, using HARPS spectro-polarimetric time-series data. We find evidence of rotational modulation of the magnetic longitudinal field measurements that is consistent with our ZDI analysis with a period of 7 days. We investigate the effect of customising the LSD mask to the line depths of the observed spectrum and find that it has a minimal effect on the shape of the extracted Stokes V profile but does result in a small increase in the S/N (~7%). We find that using a Milne-Eddington solution to describe the local line profile provides a better fit to the LSD profiles in this slowly rotating star, which also affects the recovered ZDI field distribution. We also introduce a fit-stopping criterion based on the information content (entropy) of the ZDI map solution set. The recovered magnetic field maps show a strong (+90 G) ring-like azimuthal field distribution and a complex radial field dominating at mid latitudes (~45 degrees). Similar magnetic field maps are recovered from data acquired five months apart. Future work will investigate how this surface magnetic field distribution affeccts the coronal magnetic field and extended environment around this planet-hosting star.

  3. The circumstellar disc around the Herbig AeBe star HD169142

    CERN Document Server

    Dent, W R F; Osorio, M; Calvet, N; Anglada, G

    2006-01-01

    We present 7 mm and 3.5 cm wavelength continuum observations toward the Herbig AeBe star HD169142 performed with the Very Large Array (VLA) with an angular resolution of ~1". We find that this object exhibits strong (~4.4 mJy), unresolved (~1") 7 mm continuum emission, being one of the brightest isolated Herbig AeBe stars ever detected with the VLA at this wavelength. No emission is detected at 3.5 cm continuum, with a 3 sigma upper limit of ~0.08 mJy. From these values, we obtain a spectral index of ~2.5 in the 3.5 cm to 7 mm wavelength range, indicating that the observed flux density at 7mm is most likely dominated by thermal dust emission coming from a circumstellar disc. We use available photometric data from the literature to model the spectral energy distribution (SED) of this object from radio to near-ultraviolet frequencies. The observed SED can be understood in terms of an irradiated accretion disc with low mass accretion rate, 10^{-8} solar masses per year, surrounding a star with an age of ~10 Myr....

  4. HD 179821 (V1427 Aql, IRAS 19114+0002) -- A Massive Post-Red Supergiant Star?

    CERN Document Server

    Sahin, Timur; Klochkova, Valentina G; Panchuk, Vladimir E

    2016-01-01

    We have derived elemental abundances of a remarkable star, HD 179821, with unusual composition (e.g. [Na/Fe]=1.0$\\pm$0.2 dex) and extra-ordinary spectral characteristics. Its metallicity at [Fe/H]=0.4 dex places it among the most metal-rich stars yet analyzed. The abundance analysis of this luminous star is based on high resolution and high quality (S/N$\\approx$120--420) optical echelle spectra from McDonald Observatory and Special Astronomy Observatory. The data includes five years of observations over twenty-one epochs. Standard 1D {\\sc LTE} analysis provides a fresh determination of the atmospheric parameters over all epochs: \\Teff = 7350$\\pm$200 \\kelvin, \\logg = +0.6$\\pm$0.3, and a microturbulent velocity $\\xi =$ 6.6$\\pm$1.6 km s$^{\\rm -1}$ and [Fe/H] = 0.4$\\pm$0.2, and a carbon abundance [C/Fe]= $-$0.19$\\pm$0.30. We find oxygen abundance [O/Fe]= $-$0.25$\\pm$0.28 and an enhancement of 0.9 dex in N. A supersonic macroturbulent velocity of 22.0 $\\pm$ 2.0 km s$^{\\rm -1}$ is determined from both strong and we...

  5. Properties of a volume-limited sample of magnetic Ap/Bp stars

    CERN Document Server

    Power, J; Hanes, D A; Aurière, M; Silvester, J

    2006-01-01

    This paper describes a study to deduce fundamental parameters and magnetic field characteristics for all magnetic Ap/Bp stars with in a 100 parsec heliocentric radius volume. This study has allowed for the first time the determination of an effectively unbiased magnetic field distribution of a sample of intermediate mass stars. From published catalogues and other literature sources, we have identified 57 bone fide magnetic A and B stars in the volume, corresponding to 1.7% of all intermediate mass stars within 100 parsec of the Sun. The masses of Ap stars range from 1.5 to 6 solar masses, with the peak of the mass incidence distribution between 3.3 and 3.6 solar masses. Observations of 30 of the Ap/Bp stars were obtained using the MuSiCoS spectropolarimeter at the Telescope Bernard Lyot at Pic du Midi Observatory. These observations will be used to refine periods, and determine magnetic field strength and geometry.

  6. An Icy Kuiper Belt Around the Young Solar-type Star HD 181327

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lebreton, J.; Augereau, J.-C.; Thi, W.-F.; Roberge, A.; Donaldson, J; Schneider, G.; Maddison, S. T.; Menard, F.; Riviere-Marichalar, P.; Matthews, G. S.; Kamp, I.; Pinte, C.; Dent, W. R. F.; Barrado, D.; Duchene, G.; Gonzalez, J.-F.; Grady C. A.; Meeus,G.; Pantin, E.; Williams, J. P.; Woitke, P.

    2012-01-01

    Context. HD 181327 is a young main sequence F5/F6 V star belonging to the Beta Pictoris moving group (age approx.. 12 Myr). It harbors an optically thin belt of circumstellar material at radius approx.. 90 AU, presumed to result from collisions in a population of unseen planetesimals. Aims. We aim to study the dust properties in the belt in details, and to constrain the gas-to-dust ratio. Methods. We obtained far-infrared photometric observations of HD 181327 with the PACS instrument onboard the Herschel Space Observatory, complemented by new 3.2 mm observations carried with the ATCA array. The geometry of the belt is constrained with newly reduced HST/NICMOS scattered light images that allow the degeneracy between the disk geometry and the dust properties to be broken. We then use the radiative transfer code GRaTeR to compute a large grid of models, and we identify the grain models that best reproduce the spectral energy distribution (SED) through a Bayesian analysis. We attempt to detect the oxygen and ionized carbon fine-structure lines with Herschel/PACS spectroscopy, providing observables to our photochemical code ProDiMo. Results. The HST observations confirm that the dust is confined in a narrow belt. The continuum is detected with Herschel/PACS completing nicely the SED in the far-infrared. The disk is marginally resolved with both PACS and ATCA. A medium integration of the gas spectral lines only provides upper limits on the [OI] and [CII] line fluxes.We show that the HD 181327 dust disk consists of micron-sized grains of porous amorphous silicates and carbonaceous material surrounded by an important layer of ice, for a total dust mass of approx.. 0.05 Solar Mass (in grains up to 1 mm). We discuss evidences that the grains consists of fluffy aggregates. The upper limits on the gas atomic lines do not provide unambiguous constraints: only if the PAH abundance is high, the gas mass must be lower than approx. 17 Solar Mass. Conclusions. Despite the weak

  7. An Icy Kuiper-Belt Around the Young Solar-Type Star HD 181327

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lebreton, J.; Augereau, J.-C.; Thi, W.-F.; Roberge, A.; Donaldson, J.; Schneider, G.; Maddison, S. T.; Menard, F.; Riviere-Marichalar, P.; Mathews, G. S.; Kamp, I.; Pinte, C.; Dent, W. R. F.; Barrado, D.; Duchene, G.; Gonzalez, J.-F.; Grady, C. A.; Meeus, G.; Pantin, E.; Williams, J. P.; Woitke, P.

    2011-01-01

    HD 181327 is a young Main Sequence F5/F6 V star belonging to the Beta Pictoris moving group (age approx 12 Myr). It harbors an optically thin belt of circumstellar material at approx90 AU, presumed to result from collisions in a populat.ion of unseen planetesimals. Aims. We aim to study the dust properties in the belt in great details, and to constrain the gas-to-dust ratio. Methods. We obtained far-IR photometric observations of HD 181327 with the PACS instrument onboard the Herschel Space Observatory, complemented by new 3.2 nun observations carried with the ATCA array. The geometry of the belt is constrained with newly reduced HST /NICMOS scattered light images that break the degeneracy between the disk geometry and the dust properties. We then use the radiative transfer code GRaTer to compute a large grid of dust models, and we apply a Bayesian inference method to identify the grain models that best reproduce the SED. We attempt to detect the oxygen and ionized carbon fine-structure lines with Herschel/PACS spectroscopy, providing observables to our photochemical code ProDiMo. Results. The HST observations confirm that the dust is confined in a narrow belt. The continuum is detected with Herschel/PACS completing nicely the SED in the far-infrared. The disk is marginally resolved with both PACS and ATCA. A medium integration of the gas spectral lines only provides upper limits on the [OI] and [CII] line fluxes. We show that the HD 181327 dust disk consists of micron-sized grains of porous amorphous silicates and carbonaceous material surrounded by an import.ant layer of ice for a total dust mass of approx 0.05 stellar Mass. We discuss evidences that the grains consists of fluffy aggregates. The upper limits on the gas atomic lines do not provide unambiguous constraints: only if the PAH abundance is high, the gas mass must be lower than approx 17 Stellar Mass Conclusions. Despite the weak constraints on the gas disk, the age of HD 181327 and the properties of the

  8. Rotation and oblique pulsation in Kepler observations of the roAp star KIC 10483436

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Balona, L. A.; Cunha, M. S.; Gruberbauer, M.;

    2011-01-01

    Photometry of KIC 10483436 was obtained continuously with 1-min exposures over a 27-d period from the Kepler satellite. The light curve shows rotational variations from surface spots with a period of 4.303 ± 0.002 d, an amplitude of about 6 mmag and eight pulsation frequencies typical of roAp stars...

  9. An M-dwarf star in the transition disk of Herbig HD142527; Physical parameters and orbital elements

    CERN Document Server

    Lacour, S; Cheetham, A; Greenbaum, A; Pearce, T; Marino, S; Tuthill, P; Pueyo, L; Mamajek, E E; Girard, J H; Sivaramakrishnan, A; Bonnefoy, M; Baraffe, I; Chauvin, G; Olofsson, J; Juhasz, A; Benisty, M; Pott, J -U; Sicilia-Aguilar, A; Henning, T; Cardwell, A; Goodsell, S; Graham, J R; Hibon, P; Ingraham, P; Konopacky, Q; Macintosh, B; Oppenheimer, R; Perrin, M; Rantakyrö, F; Sadakuni, N; Thomas, S

    2015-01-01

    HD 142527A is one of the most studied Herbig Ae/Be stars with a transitional disk, as it has the largest imaged gap in any protoplanetary disk: the gas is cleared from 30 to 90 AU. The HD 142527 system is also unique in that it has a stellar companion with a small mass compared to the mass of the primary star. This factor of $\\approx20$ in mass ratio between the two objects makes this binary system different from any other YSO. The HD142527 system could therefore provides a valuable testbed for understanding the impact of a lower mass companion on disk structure. This low-mass stellar object may be responsible for both the gap and the dust trapping observed by ALMA at longer distances. We have observed this system with the NACO and GPI instruments using the aperture masking technique. Aperture masking is ideal for providing high dynamic range even at very small angular separations. We present here the SEDS for HD 142527A and B from the $R$ band up to the $M$ band as well as the orbital motion of HD 142527B ov...

  10. A Tight Upper Limit on Oscillations in the Ap star Epsilon Ursae Majoris from WIRE Photometry

    OpenAIRE

    Retter, Alon; Bedding, Timothy R.; Buzasi, Derek L.; Kjeldsen, Hans; Kiss, Laszlo L.

    2003-01-01

    Observations of Epsilon UMa obtained with the star tracker on the Wide Field Infrared Explorer (WIRE) satellite during a month in mid-2000 are analyzed. This is one of the most precise photometry of an Ap star. The amplitude spectrum is used to set an upper limit of 75 parts per million for the amplitude of stellar pulsations in this star unless it accidentally oscillates with a single mode at the satellite orbit, its harmonics or their one day aliases. This is the tightest limit put on the a...

  11. INTEGRAL Observations of the Enigmatic Be Stars (gamma) Cassiopeiae and HD 110432

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sturner, S. J.; Shrader, C. R.

    2007-01-01

    We present the results of a hard X-ray study of the Be stars gamma Cassiopeiae and HD 110432 based on observations made with the INTEGRAL observatory. These stars are known to be moderately strong, X-ray sources (L(sub x) approx. equal to = 10(sup 32)-10(sup 33) erg per second). These values are at the extreme high end of the known luminosity distribution for active coronal systems, but several orders of magnitude below typical X-ray binaries. The hard X-ray spectra for these systems are quite similar. They can be well fitted by either optically thin thermal plasma models with kT = 12.5 - 14 keV or a cutoff powerlaw + gaussian line model with photon indices in the 1.3 - 1.5 range and a line energy of 6.7 keV. The 20-50 keV light curves show no evidence for flaring and no significant evidence for periodic variability. It has been proposed that the X-ray emission is due to either accretion onto a white dwarf companion or magnetic activity near the surface of the Be star. We discuss in detail the pros and cons of each scenario towards explaining our spectral and temporal results. Given that both thermal and nonthermal models fit the data equally well, we cannot use the spectra to delineate between these two scenarios. Recent observations indicate that gamma Cas has a approx. 1 solar mass companion in a 203.59 day orbit. This is consistent with the white dwarf - Be star binary model but the lack of periodic modulation of the flux on this timescale calls this conclusion into question. On the other hand the lack of flaring activity may rule against the magnetic activity model. We discuss advances in observations and theory that need to be made to resolve the origin of these systems.

  12. Non-radial pulsations in the γ Doradus star HD 195068

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jankov, S.; Mathias, P.; Chapellier, E.; Le Contel, J.-M.; Sareyan, J.-P.

    2006-07-01

    We present high resolution spectroscopic observations of the γ Doradus star HD 195068. About 230 spectra were collected over 2 years. Time series analysis performed on radial velocity data shows a main peak at 1.61 d-1 , a frequency not yet detected in photometry. The Hipparcos photometric 1.25 d-1 frequency is easily recovered as is 1.30 d-1 while the third photometric frequency, 0.97 d-1 , is only marginally present. The good quality of our data, which includes 196 spectra collected over seven consecutive nights, shows that both the 1.61 d-1 and intermediate 1.27 d-1 (mixture of 1.25 and 1.30 d-1 ) frequencies are present in the line profile variations. Using the Fourier-Doppler Imaging (FDI) method, the variability associated with 1.61 d-1 can be successfully modeled by a non-radial pulsation mode ℓ=5± 1, |m|=4± 1. For the intermediate frequency 1.27 d-1 we deduce ℓ=4± 1, |m|=3± 1. Evidence that the star is not pulsating in the radial mode (ℓ=0) rules out a previous classification as an RR Lyrae type star. We investigate the time variability of FDI power spectra concluding that the observed temporal variability of modes can be explained by a beating phenomenon between closely spaced frequencies of two non-radial modes. The distribution of the oscillation power within the line profile indicates that there is a significant tangential velocity component of oscillations characteristic of high radial order gravity modes which are predicted to be observed in γ Doradus type stars.

  13. Benchmark stars for Gaia Fundamental properties of the Population II star HD 140283 from interferometric, spectroscopic, and photometric data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Creevey, O. L.; Thévenin, F.; Berio, P.; Heiter, U.; von Braun, K.; Mourard, D.; Bigot, L.; Boyajian, T. S.; Kervella, P.; Morel, P.; Pichon, B.; Chiavassa, A.; Nardetto, N.; Perraut, K.; Meilland, A.; Mc Alister, H. A.; ten Brummelaar, T. A.; Farrington, C.; Sturmann, J.; Sturmann, L.; Turner, N.

    2015-03-01

    Metal-poor halo stars are important astrophysical laboratories that allow us to unravel details about many aspects of astrophysics, including the chemical conditions at the formation of our Galaxy, understanding the processes of diffusion in stellar interiors, and determining precise effective temperatures and calibration of colour-effective temperature relations. To address any of these issues the fundamental properties of the stars must first be determined. HD 140283 is the closest and brightest metal-poor Population II halo star (distance = 58 pc and V = 7.21), an ideal target that allows us to approach these questions, and one of a list of 34 benchmark stars defined for Gaia astrophysical parameter calibration. In the framework of characterizing these benchmark stars, we determined the fundamental properties of HD 140283 (radius, mass, age, and effective temperature) by obtaining new interferometric and spectroscopic measurements and combining them with photometry from the literature. The interferometric measurements were obtained using the visible interferometer VEGA on the CHARA array and we determined a 1D limb-darkened angular diameter of θ1D = 0.353 ± 0.013 milliarcsec. Using photometry from the literature we derived the bolometric flux in two ways: a zero reddening solution (AV = 0.0 mag) of Fbol of 3.890 ± 0.066 × 10-8 erg s-1 cm-2, and a maximum of AV = 0.1 mag solution of 4.220 ± 0.067 × 10-8 erg s-1 cm-2. The interferometric Teff is thus between 5534 ± 103 K and 5647 ± 105 K and its radius is R = 2.21 ± 0.08R⊙. Spectroscopic measurements of HD 140283 were obtained using HARPS, NARVAL, and UVES and a 1D LTE analysis of Hα line wings yielded Teffspec = 5626 ± 75 K. Using fine-tuned stellar models including diffusion of elements we then determined the mass M and age t of HD 140283. Once the metallicity has been fixed, the age of the star depends on M, initial helium abundance Yi, andmixing-length parameter α, only two of which are

  14. The unstable fate of the planet orbiting the A-star in the HD 131399 triple stellar system

    CERN Document Server

    Veras, Dimitri; Gaensicke, Boris T

    2016-01-01

    Validated planet candidates need not lie on long-term stable orbits, and instability triggered by post-main-sequence stellar evolution can generate architectures which transport rocky material to white dwarfs, polluting them. The giant planet HD 131399Ab orbits its parent A star at a projected separation of about 50-100 au. The host star, HD 131399A, is part of a hierarchical triple with HD 131399BC being a close binary separated by a few hundred au from the A star. Here, we determine the fate of this system, and find that (i) stability along the main sequence is achieved only for a favourable choice of parameters within the errors, and (ii) even for this choice, in almost every instance the planet is ejected during the transition between the giant branch and white dwarf phases of HD 131399A. This result provides an example of both how the free-floating planet population may be enhanced by similar systems, and how instability can manifest in the polluted white dwarf progenitor population.

  15. Kepler-21b: A 1.6REarth Planet Transiting the Bright Oscillating F Subgiant Star HD 179070

    CERN Document Server

    Howell, Steve B; Bryson, Stephen T; Quinn, Samuel N; Marcy, Geoffrey W; Isaacson, Howard; Ciardi, David R; Chaplin, William J; Metcalfe, Travis S; Monteiro, Mario J P F G; Appourchaux, Thierry; Basu, Sarbani; Creevey, Orlagh L; Gilliland, Ronald L; Quirion, Pierre-Olivier; Stello, Denis; Kjeldsen, Hans; Christensen-Dalsgaard, Jorgen; Elsworth, Yvonne; García, Rafael A; Houdek, Gunter; Karoff, Christoffer; Molenda-Żakowicz, Joanna; Thompson, Michael J; Verner, Graham A; Torres, Guillermo; Fressin, Francois; Crepp, Justin R; Adams, Elisabeth; Dupree, Andrea; Sasselov, Dimitar D; Dressing, Courtney D; Borucki, William J; Koch, David G; Lissauer, Jack J; Latham, David W; Gautier, Thomas N; Everett, Mark; Horch, Elliott; Batalha, Natalie M; Dunham, Edward W; Szkody, Paula; Silva, David R; Mighel, Ken; Holberg, Jay; Ballot, Jer^ome; Bedding, Timothy R; Bruntt, Hans; Campante, Tiago L; Handberg, Rasmus; Hekker, Saskia; Huber, Daniel; Mathur, Savita; Mosser, Benoit; Régulo, Clara; White, Timothy R; Christiansen, Jessie L; Middour, Christopher K; Haas, Michael R; Hall, Jennifer R; Jenkins, Jon M; McCaulif, Sean; Fanelli, Michael N; Kulesa, Craig; McCarthy, Don; Henze, Christopher E

    2011-01-01

    We present Kepler observations of the bright (V=8.3), oscillating star HD 179070. The observations show transit-like events which reveal that the star is orbited every 2.8 days by a small, 1.6 R_Earth object. Seismic studies of HD 179070 using short cadence Kepler observations show that HD 179070 has a frequencypower spectrum consistent with solar-like oscillations that are acoustic p-modes. Asteroseismic analysis provides robust values for the mass and radius of HD 179070, 1.34{\\pm}0.06 M{\\circ} and 1.86{\\pm}0.04 R{\\circ} respectively, as well as yielding an age of 2.84{\\pm}0.34 Gyr for this F5 subgiant. Together with ground-based follow-up observations, analysis of the Kepler light curves and image data, and blend scenario models, we conservatively show at the >99.7% confidence level (3{\\sigma}) that the transit event is caused by a 1.64{\\pm}0.04 R_Earth exoplanet in a 2.785755{\\pm}0.000032 day orbit. The exoplanet is only 0.04 AU away from the star and our spectroscopic observations provide an upper limit ...

  16. HD 50844: the new look of Delta Sct stars from CoRoT space photometry

    CERN Document Server

    Poretti, E; Garrido, R; Lefèvre, L; Mantegazza, L; Rainer, M; Rodríguez, E; Uytterhoeven, K; Amado, P J; Martin-Ruiz, S; Moya, A; Niemczura, E; Suárez, J C; Zima, W; Baglin, A; Auvergne, M; Baudin, F; Catala, C; Samadi, R; Alvarez, M; Mathias, P; Paparo, M; Papics, P; Plachy, E

    2009-01-01

    It has also been suggested that the detection of a wealth of very low amplitude modes in Delta Sct stars was only a matter of signal--to--noise ratio. Access to this treasure, impossible from the ground, is one of the scientific aims of the space mission CoRoT, a space mission developed and operated by CNES. This work presents the results obtained on HD 50844: the 140,016 datapoints were analysed using independent approaches and several checks performed. A level of 10^{-5} mag was reached in the amplitude spectra of the CoRoT timeseries. The frequency analysis of the CoRoT timeseries revealed hundreds of terms in the frequency range 0--30 d^{-1}. All the cross--checks confirmed this new result. The initial guess that Delta Sct stars have a very rich frequency content is confirmed. The spectroscopic mode identification gives theoretical support since very high--degree modes (up to ell=14) are identified. We also prove that cancellation effects are not sufficient in removing the flux variations associated to th...

  17. Activity and Magnetic Field Structure of the Sun-Like Planet Hosting Star HD 1237

    CERN Document Server

    Alvarado-Gómez, J D; Grunhut, J; Fares, R; Donati, J -F; Alecian, E; Kochukhov, O; Oksala, M; Morin, J; Redfield, S; Cohen, O; Drake, J J; Jardine, M; Matt, S; Petit, P; Walter, F M

    2015-01-01

    We analyse the magnetic activity characteristics of the planet hosting Sun-like star, HD 1237, using HARPS spectro-polarimetric time-series data. We find evidence of rotational modulation of the magnetic longitudinal field measurements consistent with our ZDI analysis, with a period of 7 days. We investigate the effect of customising the LSD mask to the line depths of the observed spectrum and find that it has a minimal effect on shape of the extracted Stokes V profile but does result in a small increase in the S/N ($\\sim$ 7%). We find that using a Milne-Eddington solution to describe the local line profile provides a better fit to the LSD profiles in this slowly rotating star, which also impacts the recovered ZDI field distribution. We also introduce a fit-stopping criterion based on the information content (entropy) of the ZDI maps solution set. The recovered magnetic field maps show a strong (+90 G) ring-like azimuthal field distribution and a complex radial field dominating at mid latitudes ($\\sim$45 degr...

  18. The circumstellar envelope of the C-rich post-AGB star HD 56126

    CERN Document Server

    Hony, S; Waters, L B F M; De Koter, A

    2003-01-01

    We present a detailed study of the circumstellar envelope of the post-asymptotic giant branch ``21 micron object'' HD 56126. We build a detailed dust radiative transfer model of the circumstellar envelope in order to derive the dust composition and mass, and the mass-loss history of the star. To model the emission of the dust we use amorphous carbon, hydrogenated amorphous carbon, magnesium sulfide and titanium carbide. We present a detailed parametrisation of the optical properties of hydrogenated amorphous carbon as a function of H/C content. The mid-infrared imaging and spectroscopy is best reproduced by a single dust shell from 1.2 to 2.6 arcsec radius around the central star. This shell originates from a short period during which the mass-loss rate exceeded 10^(-4) M_sun/yr. We find that the strength of the ``21'' micron feature poses a problem for the TiC identification. The low abundance of Ti requires very high absorption cross-sections in the ultraviolet and visible wavelength range to explain the st...

  19. THE LICK-CARNEGIE SURVEY: A NEW TWO-PLANET SYSTEM AROUND THE STAR HD 207832

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Haghighipour, Nader [Institute for Astronomy and NASA Astrobiology Institute, University of Hawaii-Manoa, Honolulu, HI 96822 (United States); Butler, R. Paul [Department of Terrestrial Magnetism, Carnegie Institute of Washington, Washington, DC 20015 (United States); Rivera, Eugenio J.; Vogt, Steven S. [UCO/Lick Observatory, Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of California at Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 (United States); Henry, Gregory W. [Center of Excellence in Information Systems, Tennessee State University, Nashville, TN 37209 (United States)

    2012-09-01

    Keck/HIRES precision radial velocities of HD 207832 indicate the presence of two Jovian-type planetary companions in Keplerian orbits around this G star. The planets have minimum masses of Msin i = 0.56 M{sub Jup} and 0.73 M{sub Jup}, with orbital periods of {approx}162 and {approx}1156 days, and eccentricities of 0.13 and 0.27, respectively. Stroemgren b and y photometry reveals a clear stellar rotation signature of the host star with a period of 17.8 days, well separated from the period of the radial velocity variations, reinforcing their Keplerian origin. The values of the semimajor axes of the planets suggest that these objects have migrated from the region of giant planet formation to closer orbits. In order to examine the possibility of the existence of additional (small) planets in the system, we studied the orbital stability of hypothetical terrestrial-sized objects in the region between the two planets and interior to the orbit of the inner body. Results indicated that stable orbits exist only in a small region interior to planet b. However, the current observational data offer no evidence for the existence of additional objects in this system.

  20. THE LICK-CARNEGIE SURVEY: A NEW TWO-PLANET SYSTEM AROUND THE STAR HD 207832

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Keck/HIRES precision radial velocities of HD 207832 indicate the presence of two Jovian-type planetary companions in Keplerian orbits around this G star. The planets have minimum masses of Msin i = 0.56 MJup and 0.73 MJup, with orbital periods of ∼162 and ∼1156 days, and eccentricities of 0.13 and 0.27, respectively. Strömgren b and y photometry reveals a clear stellar rotation signature of the host star with a period of 17.8 days, well separated from the period of the radial velocity variations, reinforcing their Keplerian origin. The values of the semimajor axes of the planets suggest that these objects have migrated from the region of giant planet formation to closer orbits. In order to examine the possibility of the existence of additional (small) planets in the system, we studied the orbital stability of hypothetical terrestrial-sized objects in the region between the two planets and interior to the orbit of the inner body. Results indicated that stable orbits exist only in a small region interior to planet b. However, the current observational data offer no evidence for the existence of additional objects in this system.

  1. Warm H2O and OH in the disk around the Herbig star HD 163296

    CERN Document Server

    Fedele, D; van Dishoeck, E F; Herczeg, G J; Evans, N J; Bouwman, J; Henning, Th; Green, J

    2012-01-01

    We present observations of far-infrared (50-200 micron) OH and H2O emission of the disk around the Herbig Ae star HD 163296 obtained with Herschel/PACS in the context of the DIGIT key program. In addition to strong [OI] emission, a number of OH doublets and a few weak highly excited lines of H2O are detected. The presence of warm H2O in this Herbig disk is confirmed by a line stacking analysis, enabled by the full PACS spectral scan, and by lines seen in Spitzer data. The line fluxes are analyzed using an LTE slab model including line opacity. The water column density is 10^14 - 10^15 cm^-2, and the excitation temperature is 200-300 K implying warm gas with a density n > 10^5 cm^-3. For OH we find a column density of 10^14 - 2x10^15 cm^-2 and T_ex ~ 300-500 K. For both species we find an emitting region of r ~ 15-20 AU from the star. We argue that the molecular emission arises from the protoplanetary disk rather than from an outflow. This far-infrared detection of both H2O and OH contrasts with near- and mid-...

  2. Neutron Stars as a Source of the Short-Lived Nuclides in Ap-star Atmospheres

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We propose a new explanation of some magnetic chemically peculiar (MCP) star anomalies, which is based on an assumption that such stars be the close binary systems with a secondary component being a neutron star. Within this hypothesis one can naturally explain the main anomalous features of MCP stars: first of all, an existence of the short-lived radioactive isotopes detected in some stars (like Przybylski's star (PS) and HR465), and some others peculiarities. Also we can assume the presence of the electron-positron annihilation emission lines (0.511 MeV) in the gamma spectrum of some MCP stars

  3. Multi-level 3D non-LTE computations of lithium lines in the metal-poor halo stars HD140283 and HD84937

    CERN Document Server

    Asplund, M; Botnen, A

    2003-01-01

    The lithium abundances in metal-poor halo stars are of importance for cosmology, galaxy evolution and stellar structure. In an attempt to study possible systematic errors in the derived Li abundances, the line formation of LiI lines has been investigated by means of realistic 3D hydrodynamical model atmospheres of halo stars and 3D non-LTE radiative transfer calculations. These are the first detailed 3D non-LTE computations reported employing a multi-level atomic model showing that such problems are now computationally tractable. The detailed computations reveal that the LiI population has a strong influence from the radiation field rather than the local gas temperature, indicating that the low derived Li abundances found by Asplund et al. (1999) are an artifact of their assumption of LTE. Relative to 3D LTE, the detailed calculations show pronounced over-ionization. In terms of abundances the 3D non-LTE values are within 0.05 dex of the 1D non-LTE results for the particular cases of HD140283 and HD84937, whi...

  4. HD 147506b: A Supermassive Planet in an Eccentric Orbit Transiting a Bright Star

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bakos, G. Á.; Kovács, G.; Torres, G.; Fischer, D. A.; Latham, D. W.; Noyes, R. W.; Sasselov, D. D.; Mazeh, T.; Shporer, A.; Butler, R. P.; Stefanik, R. P.; Fernández, J. M.; Sozzetti, A.; Pál, A.; Johnson, J.; Marcy, G. W.; Winn, J. N.; Sipőcz, B.; Lázár, J.; Papp, I.; Sári, P.

    2007-11-01

    We report the discovery of a massive (Mp=9.04+/-0.50 MJ) planet transiting the bright (V=8.7) F8 star HD 147506, with an orbital period of 5.63341+/-0.00013 days and an eccentricity of e=0.520+/-0.010. From the transit light curve we determine that the radius of the planet is Rp=0.982+0.038-0.105 RJ. HD 147506b (also coined HAT-P-2b) has a mass about 9 times the average mass of previously known transiting exoplanets and a density of ρp~12 g cm-3, greater than that of rocky planets like the Earth. Its mass and radius are marginally consistent with theories of structure of massive giant planets composed of pure H and He, and accounting for them may require a large (>~100 M⊕) core. The high eccentricity causes a ninefold variation of insolation of the planet between peri- and apastron. Using follow-up photometry, we find that the center of transit is Tmid=2,454,212.8559+/-0.0007 (HJD) and the transit duration is 0.177+/-0.002 days. Some of the data presented herein were obtained at the W. M. Keck Observatory, which is operated as a scientific partnership among the California Institute of Technology, the University of California, and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. The Observatory was made possible by the generous financial support of the W. M. Keck Foundation. The authors wish to recognize and acknowledge the very significant cultural role and reverence that the summit of Mauna Kea has always had within the indigenous Hawaiian community. We are most fortunate to have the opportunity to conduct observations from this mountain. Keck time has been in part granted by NASA.

  5. A resolved, au-scale gas disk around the B[e] star HD 50138

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ellerbroek, L. E.; Benisty, M.; Kraus, S.; Perraut, K.; Kluska, J.; le Bouquin, J. B.; Borges Fernandes, M.; Domiciano de Souza, A.; Maaskant, K. M.; Kaper, L.; Tramper, F.; Mourard, D.; Tallon-Bosc, I.; ten Brummelaar, T.; Sitko, M. L.; Lynch, D. K.; Russell, R. W.

    2015-01-01

    HD 50138 is a B[e] star surrounded by a large amount of circumstellar gas and dust. Its spectrum shows characteristics which may indicate either a pre- or a post-main-sequence system. Mapping the kinematics of the gas in the inner few au of the system contributes to a better understanding of its physical nature. We present the first high spatial and spectral resolution interferometric observations of the Brγ line of HD 50138, obtained with VLTI/AMBER. The line emission originates in a region more compact (up to 3 au) than the continuum-emitting region. Blue- and red-shifted emission originates from the two different hemispheres of an elongated structure perpendicular to the polarization angle. The velocity of the emitting medium decreases radially. An overall offset along the NW direction between the line- and continuum-emitting regions is observed. We compare the data with a geometric model of a thin Keplerian disk and a spherical halo on top of a Gaussian continuum. Most of the data are well reproduced by this model, except for the variability, the global offset and the visibility at the systemic velocity. The evolutionary state of the system is discussed; most diagnostics are ambiguous and may point either to a post-main-sequence or a pre-main-sequence nature. Based on observations performed with X-Shooter (program 090.D-0212) and CRIRES (program 084.C-0668), mounted on the ESO Very Large Telescope, on Cerro Paranal, Chile, and AMBER mounted on the Very Large Telescope Interferometer (programs 082.C-0621, 082.C-0657, 083.C-0144, 084.C-0187, 084.C-0668, 084.C-0983, 384.D-0482, and 092.C-0376(B)).Figure 4 and Appendix A are available in electronic form at http://www.aanda.org

  6. The roAp star $\\alpha$ Circini as seen by BRITE-Constellation

    CERN Document Server

    Weiss, W W; Pigulski, A; Popowicz, A; Huber, D; Kuschnig, R; Moffat, A F J; Matthews, J M; Saio, H; Schwarzenberg-Czerny, A; Grant, C C; Koudelka, O; Lüftinger, T; Rucinski, S M; Wade, G A; Alves, J; Guedel, M; Handler, G; Mochnacki, St; Orleanski, P; Pablo, B; Pamyatnykh, A; Ramiaramanantsoa, T; Rowe, J; Whittaker, G; Zawistowski, T; Zocłonska, E; Zwintz, K

    2016-01-01

    We report on an analysis of high-precision, multi-colour photometric observations of the rapidly-oscillating Ap (roAp) star $\\alpha$ Cir. These observations were obtained with the BRITE-Constellation, which is a coordinated mission of five nanosatellites that collects continuous millimagnitude-precision photometry of dozens of bright stars for up to 180 days at a time in two colours (Johnson B and R). BRITE stands for BRight Target Explorer. The object $\\alpha$ Cir is the brightest roAp star and an ideal target for such investigations, facilitating the determination of oscillation frequencies with high resolution. This star is bright enough for complementary interferometry and time-resolved spectroscopy. Four BRITE satellites observed $\\alpha$ Cir for 146 d or 33 rotational cycles. Phasing the photometry according to the 4.4790 d rotational period reveals qualitatively different light variations in the two photometric bands. The phased red-band photometry is in good agreement with previously-published WIRE da...

  7. The discovery of a planetary candidate around the evolved low-mass Kepler giant star HD 175370 ★

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hrudková, M.; Hatzes, A.; Karjalainen, R.; Lehmann, H.; Hekker, S.; Hartmann, M.; Tkachenko, A.; Prins, S.; Van Winckel, H.; De Nutte, R.; Dumortier, L.; Frémat, Y.; Hensberge, H.; Jorissen, A.; Lampens, P.; Laverick, M.; Lombaert, R.; Pápics, P. I.; Raskin, G.; Sódor, Á.; Thoul, A.; Van Eck, S.; Waelkens, C.

    2016-09-01

    We report on the discovery of a planetary companion candidate with a minimum mass M sin i = 4.6 ± 1.0 MJupiter orbiting the K2 III giant star HD 175370 (KIC 007940959). This star was a target in our program to search for planets around a sample of 95 giant stars observed with Kepler. This detection was made possible using precise stellar radial velocity measurements of HD 175370 taken over five years and four months using the coudé echelle spectrograph of the 2-m Alfred Jensch Telescope and the fibre-fed echelle spectrograph HERMES of the 1.2-m Mercator Telescope. Our radial velocity measurements reveal a periodic (349.5 ± 4.5 days) variation with a semi-amplitude K = 133 ± 25 ms-1, superimposed on a long-term trend. A low-mass stellar companion with an orbital period of ˜88 years in a highly eccentric orbit and a planet in a Keplerian orbit with an eccentricity e = 0.22 are the most plausible explanation of the radial velocity variations. However, we cannot exclude the existence of stellar envelope pulsations as a cause for the low-amplitude radial velocity variations and only future continued monitoring of this system may answer this uncertainty. From Kepler photometry we find that HD 175370 is most likely a low-mass red-giant branch or asymptotic-giant branch star.

  8. An extreme planetary system around HD219828. One long-period super Jupiter to a hot-neptune host star

    CERN Document Server

    Santos, N C; Faria, J P; Rey, J; Correia, A C M; Laskar, J; Udry, S; Adibekyan, V; Bouchy, F; Delgado-Mena, E; Melo, C; Dumusque, X; Hébrard, G; Lovis, C; Mayor, M; Montalto, M; Mortier, A; Pepe, F; Figueira, P; Sahlmann, J; Ségransan, D; Sousa, S G

    2016-01-01

    With about 2000 extrasolar planets confirmed, the results show that planetary systems have a whole range of unexpected properties. We present a full investigation of the HD219828 system, a bright metal-rich star for which a hot neptune has previously been detected. We used a set of HARPS, SOPHIE, and ELODIE radial velocities to search for the existence of orbiting companions to HD219828. A dynamical analysis is also performed to study the stability of the system and to constrain the orbital parameters and planet masses. We announce the discovery of a long period (P=13.1years) massive (msini=15.1MJup) companion (HD219828c) in a very eccentric orbit (e=0.81). The same data confirms the existence of a hot-neptune, HD219828b, with a minimum mass of 21 MEarth and a period of 3.83days. The dynamical analysis shows that the system is stable. The HD219828 system is extreme and unique in several aspects. First, among all known exoplanet systems it presents an unusually high mass ratio. We also show that systems like H...

  9. Spectroscopic monitoring of the Herbig Ae star HD 104237. II. Non-radial pulsations, mode analysis and fundamental stellar parameters

    CERN Document Server

    Fumel, Aurelie

    2011-01-01

    Herbig Ae/Be stars are intermediate-mass pre-main sequence (PMS) stars showing signs of intense activity and strong stellar winds, whose origin is not yet understood in the frame of current theoretical models of stellar evolution for young stars. The evolutionary tracks of the earlier Herbig Ae stars cross a recently discovered PMS instability strip. Many of these stars exhibit pulsations of delta Scuti type. HD 104237 is a well-known pulsating Herbig Ae star. In this article, we reinvestigated an extensive high-resolution quasi-continuous spectroscopic data set in order to search for very faint indications of non-radial pulsations in the line profile. To do this, we worked on dynamical spectra of equivalent photospheric (LSD) profiles of HD 104237. A 2D Fourier analysis (F2D) was performed of the entire profile and the temporal variation of the central depth of the line was studied with the time-series analysis tools Period04 and SigSpec. We present a mode identification corresponding to the detected dominan...

  10. Stokes IQUV Magnetic Doppler Imaging of Ap stars I. ESPaDOnS and NARVAL Observations

    CERN Document Server

    Silvester, J; Kochukhov, O; Bagnulo, S; Folsom, C P; Hanes, D

    2012-01-01

    In this paper we describe and evaluate new spectral line polarisation observations obtained with the goal of mapping the surfaces of magnetic Ap stars in great detail. One hundred complete or partial Stokes IQUV sequences, corresponding to 297 individual polarised spectra, have been obtained for 7 bright Ap stars using the ESPaDOnS and NARVAL spectropolarimeters. The targets span a range of mass from approximately 1.8 to 3.4 solar mass, a range of rotation period from 2.56 to 6.80 days, and a range of maximum longitudinal magnetic field strength from 0.3 to over 4 kG. For 3 of the 7 stars, we have obtained dense phase coverage sampling the entire rotational cycle. These datasets are suitable for immediate magnetic and chemical abundance surface mapping using Magnetic Doppler Imaging (MDI). For the 4 remaining stars, partial phase coverage has been obtained, and additional observations will be required in order to map the surfaces of these stars. The median signal-to-noise ratio of the reduced observations is ...

  11. X-rays from magnetic intermediate mass Ap/Bp stars

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robrade, Jan

    2016-09-01

    The X-ray emission of magnetic intermediate mass Ap/Bp stars is reviewed and put into context of intrinsic as well as extrinsic hypotheses for its origin. New X-ray observations of Ap/Bp stars are presented and combined with an updated analysis of the available datasets, providing the largest sample of its type that is currently available. In the studied stars the X-ray detections are found predominantly among the more massive, hotter and more luminous targets. Their X-ray properties are quite diverse and beside strong soft X-ray emission significant magnetic activity is frequently present. While a connection between more powerful winds and brighter X-ray emission is expected in intrinsic models, the scatter in X-ray luminosity at given bolometric luminosity is so far unexplained and several observational features like X-ray light curves and flaring, luminosity distributions and spectral properties are often similar to those of low-mass stars. It remains to be seen if these features can be fully reproduced by magnetospheres of intermediate mass stars. The article discusses implications for magnetically confined wind-shock models (MCWS) and stellar magnetospheres under the assumption that the intrinsic model is applicable, but also examines the role of possible companions. Further, related magnetospheric phenomena are presented and an outlook on future perspectives is given.

  12. Abundance distributions over the surfaces of magnetic ApBp stars: theoretical predictions

    CERN Document Server

    Alecian, G

    2015-01-01

    Recently published empirical abundance maps, obtained through (Zeeman) Doppler mapping (ZDM), do not currently agree with the abundance structures predicted by means of numerical models of atomic diffusion in magnetic atmospheres of ApBp stars. In a first step towards the resolution of these discrepancies, we present a state of the art grid of equilibrium abundance stratifications in the atmosphere of a magnetic Ap star with T_eff = 10000 K and log g = 4.0. A description of the behaviour of 16 chemical elements including predictions concerning the over- and/or under-abundances over the stellar surface is followed by a discussion of the possible influence of presently neglected physical processes.

  13. Velocity Curve Analysis of Spectroscopic Binary Stars AI Phe, GM Dra, HD 93917 and V502 Oph by Nonlinear Regression

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    We introduce a new method to derive the orbital parameters of spectroscopic binary stars by nonlinear least squares of (o - c). Using the measured radial velocity data of the four double lined spectroscopic binary systems,AI Phe,GM Dra,HD 93917 and V502 Oph,we derived both the orbital and combined spectroscopic elements of these systems.Our numerical results are in good agreement with the those obtained using the method of Lehmann-Filhés.

  14. Imaging an 80 au Radius Dust Ring around the F5V Star HD 157587

    Science.gov (United States)

    Millar-Blanchaer, Maxwell A.; Wang, Jason J.; Kalas, Paul; Graham, James R.; Duchêne, Gaspard; Nielsen, Eric L.; Perrin, Marshall; Moon, Dae-Sik; Padgett, Deborah; Metchev, Stanimir; Ammons, S. Mark; Bailey, Vanessa P.; Barman, Travis; Bruzzone, Sebastian; Bulger, Joanna; Chen, Christine H.; Chilcote, Jeffrey; Cotten, Tara; De Rosa, Robert J.; Doyon, Rene; Draper, Zachary H.; Esposito, Thomas M.; Fitzgerald, Michael P.; Follette, Katherine B.; Gerard, Benjamin L.; Greenbaum, Alexandra Z.; Hibon, Pascale; Hinkley, Sasha; Hung, Li-Wei; Ingraham, Patrick; Johnson-Groh, Mara; Konopacky, Quinn; Larkin, James E.; Macintosh, Bruce; Maire, Jérôme; Marchis, Franck; Marley, Mark S.; Marois, Christian; Matthews, Brenda C.; Oppenheimer, Rebecca; Palmer, David; Patience, Jennifer; Poyneer, Lisa; Pueyo, Laurent; Rajan, Abhijith; Rameau, Julien; Rantakyrö, Fredrik T.; Savransky, Dmitry; Schneider, Adam C.; Sivaramakrishnan, Anand; Song, Inseok; Soummer, Remi; Thomas, Sandrine; Vega, David; Wallace, J. Kent; Ward-Duong, Kimberly; Wiktorowicz, Sloane; Wolff, Schuyler

    2016-11-01

    We present H-band near-infrared polarimetric imaging observations of the F5V star HD 157587 obtained with the Gemini Planet Imager (GPI) that reveal the debris disk as a bright ring structure at a separation of ∼80–100 au. The new GPI data complement recent Hubble Space Telescope/STIS observations that show the disk extending out to over 500 au. The GPI image displays a strong asymmetry along the projected minor axis as well as a fainter asymmetry along the projected major axis. We associate the minor and major axis asymmetries with polarized forward scattering and a possible stellocentric offset, respectively. To constrain the disk geometry, we fit two separate disk models to the polarized image, each using a different scattering phase function. Both models favor a disk inclination of ∼70° and a 1.5 ± 0.6 au stellar offset in the plane of the sky along the projected major axis of the disk. We find that the stellar offset in the disk plane, perpendicular to the projected major axis is degenerate with the form of the scattering phase function and remains poorly constrained. The disk is not recovered in total intensity due in part to strong adaptive optics residuals, but we recover three point sources. Considering the system’s proximity to the galactic plane and the point sources’ positions relative to the disk, we consider it likely that they are background objects and unrelated to the disk’s offset from the star.

  15. ALMA detection of the rotating molecular disk wind drom the young star HD 163296

    CERN Document Server

    Klaassen, P D; Mathews, G S; De Gregorio-Monsalvo, J C Mottram I; van Dishoeck, E F; Takahashi, S; Akiyama, E; Chapillon, E; Espada, D; Hales, A; Hogerheijde, M R; Rawlings, M; Schmalzl, M; Testi, L

    2013-01-01

    Disk winds have been postulated as a mechanism for angular momentum release in protostellar systems for decades. HD 163296 is a Herbig Ae star surrounded by a disk and has been shown to host a series of HH knots (HH 409) with bow shocks associated with the farthest knots. Here we present ALMA Science Verification data of CO J=2-1 and J=3-2 emission which are spatially coincident with the blue shifted jet of HH knots, and offset from the disk by -18.6 km/s. The emission has a double corkscrew morphology and extends more than 10" from the disk with embedded emission clumps coincident with jet knots. We interpret this double corkscrew as emission from material in a molecular disk wind, and that the compact emission near the jet knots is being heated by the jet which is moving at much higher velocities. We show that the J=3-2 emission is likely heavily filtered by the interferometer, but the J=2-1 emission suffers less due to the larger beam and measurable angular scales. Excitation analysis suggests temperatures...

  16. Determination of mass and orbital parameters of a low-mass star HD 213597B

    CERN Document Server

    Chaturvedi, Priyanka; Dixit, Vaibhav; Roy, Arpita; Chakraborty, Abhijit; Mahadevan, Suvrath; Anandarao, B G; Hebb, Leslie; Janardhan, P

    2014-01-01

    HD 213597 is an eclipsing binary system which was detected by the STEREO spacecraft and was speculated to host a low-mass stellar companion. We used high-resolution spectroscopy with the 10-m Hobby-Eberly Telescope and the 1.2-m telescope in Mt Abu for radial velocity (RV) measurements of this source. We performed aperture photometry for this star on the STEREO archival data and thereby confirm the transit signature. We also did follow-up ground-based photometry with a 10-inch telescope from Mt Abu. The spectroscopic RV semi-amplitude of the primary (33.39 km s^-1) indicates that the secondary is an M dwarf making the system a short period F+M eclipsing binary. These RVs along with the inclination derived from our combined photometric analysis (i=84.9 degree), enable us to estimate the mass of the secondary as M_B ~ 0.286 M_sun and radius as R_B ~ 0.344 R_sun using an estimated mass M_A ~ 1.3 M_sun and radius R_B ~ 1.97 R_sun of the primary. Our spectral analysis returned the following parameters: T_eff = 662...

  17. Photospheric and chromospheric activity on the young solar-type star HD 171488

    CERN Document Server

    Frasca, A; Kovari, Zs; Marilli, E; Cakirli, O

    2010-01-01

    We present the results of contemporaneous spectroscopic and photometric monitoring of the young solar-type star HD171488 (Prot~1.337 d) aimed at studying surface inhomogeneities at photospheric/chromospheric levels. Echelle FOCES spectra (R~40000) and Johnson photometry have been performed in 2006. Spectral type, rotational velocity, metallicity, and gravity were determined using a code developed by us. The metallicity was measured from the analysis of iron lines. The spectral subtraction technique was applied to the most relevant chromospheric diagnostics included in the FOCES spectral range (CaII IRT, Halpha, HeI-D3, Hbeta, CaII H&K). A model with two large high-latitude spots is sufficient to reproduce the B/V light curves and the radial velocity modulation, if a temperature difference between photosphere and spots of 1500 K is used. A Doppler imaging analysis of photospheric lines confirms a similar spot distribution. With the help of an analogous geometric two-spot model, we are able to reproduce the...

  18. Analysis of the circumstellar environment of the B[e] star HD 45677 (FS CMa)

    CERN Document Server

    Muratorio, G; Friedjung, M; Rossi, Corinne; Friedjung, Michael

    2006-01-01

    We studied the circumstellar environment of the B[e] star HD 45677 through the analysis of the emission lines from ionized metals. We used the statistical approach of the self absorption curve method (SAC) to derive physical parameters of the line emitting region. The Fe II and Cr II double-peaked emission line structure is explained by the presence of a thin absorption component red shifted by ~3 km/s. This absorption component can be interpreted geometricaly as being due to infalling material perpendicularly to the disk seen nearly pole-on, as indicated by the emission line structure. The Cr II and Fe II emission lines have a complex structure with two (narrow and broad) components, of 45 and 180 km/s FWHM for the permitted lines and 25 and 100 km/s FWHM for the forbidden ones, respectively. We argue that the narrow components are principaly emitted by an optically thin disk seen nearly pole-on, in a region whose minimum radius is estimated to be 4 10^12 cm, while the broad ones are formed in a disk-linked ...

  19. An icy Kuiper-Belt around the young solar-type star HD 181327

    CERN Document Server

    Lebreton, J; Thi, W -F; Roberge, A; Donaldson, J; Schneider, G; Maddison, S T; Ménard, F; Riviere-Marichalar, P; Mathews, G S; Kamp, I; Pinte, C; Dent, W R F; Barrado, D; Duchêne, G; Gonzalez, J -F; Grady, C A; Meeus, G; Pantin, E; Williams, J P; Woitke, P

    2011-01-01

    HD 181327 is a young F5/F6V star belonging to the Beta Pictoris moving group (12 Myr). It harbors an optically thin belt of circumstellar material at 90 AU. We aim to study the dust properties in the belt in details, and to constrain the gas-to-dust ratio. We obtained far-IR observations with the Herschel/PACS instrument, and 3.2 mm observations with the ATCA array. The geometry of the belt is constrained with newly reduced HST/NICMOS images that break the degeneracy between the disk geometry and the dust properties. We use the radiative transfer code GRaTer to compute a large grid of models, and we identify the grain models that best reproduce the Spectral Energy Distribution through a Bayesian analysis. We attempt to detect the [OI] and [CII] lines with PACS spectroscopy, providing observables to our photochemical code ProDiMo. The HST observations confirm that the dust is confined in a narrow belt. The continuum is detected in the far-IR with PACS and the disk is resolved with both PACS and ATCA. A medium ...

  20. Imaging an 80 AU Radius Dust Ring Around the F5V Star HD 157587

    CERN Document Server

    Millar-Blanchaer, Maxwell A; Kalas, Paul; Graham, James R; Duchene, Gaspard; Nielsen, Eric L; Perrin, Marshall; Moon, Dae-Sik; Padgett, Deborah; Metchev, Stanimir; Ammons, S Mark; Bailey, Vanessa P; Barman, Travis; Bruzzone, Sebastian; Bulger, Joanna; Chen, Christine H; Chilcote, Jeffrey; Cotten, Tara; De Rosa, Robert J; Doyon, Rene; Draper, Zachary H; Esposito, Thomas M; Fitzgerald, Michael P; Follette, Katherine B; Gerard, Benjamin L; Greenbaum, Alexandra Z; Hibon, Pascale; Hinkley, Sasha; Hung, Li-Wei; Ingraham, Patrick; Johnson-Groh, Mara; Konopacky, Quinn; Larkin, James E; Macintosh, Bruce; Maire, Jerome; Marchis, Franck; Marley, Mark S; Marois, Christian; Matthews, Brenda C; Oppenheimer, Rebecca; Palmer, David; Patience, Jennifer; Poyneer, Lisa; Pueyo, Laurent; Rajan, Abhijith; Rameau, Julien; Rantakyro, Fredrik T; Savransky, Dmitry; Schneider, Adam C; Sivaramakrishnan, Anand; Song, Inseok; Soummer, Remi; Thomas, Sandrine; Vega, David; Wallace, J Kent; Ward-Duong, Kimberly; Wiktorowicz, Sloane; Wolff, Schuyler

    2016-01-01

    We present $H$-band near-infrared polarimetric imaging observations of the F5V star HD~157587 obtained with the Gemini Planet Imager (GPI) that reveal the debris disk as a bright ring structure at a separation of $\\sim$80$-$100~AU. The new GPI data complement recent HST/STIS observations that show the disk extending out to over 500~AU. The GPI image displays a strong asymmetry along the projected minor axis as well as a fainter asymmetry along the projected major axis. We associate the minor and major axis asymmetries with polarized forward scattering and a possible stellocentric offset, respectively. To constrain the disk geometry we fit two separate disk models to the polarized image, each using a different scattering phase function. Both models favor a disk inclination of $\\sim 70\\degr$ and a $1.5\\pm0.6$ AU stellar offset in the plane of the sky along the projected major axis of the disk. We find that the stellar offset in the disk plane, perpendicular to the projected major axis is degenerate with the for...

  1. ALMA Observations of the Molecular Gas in the Debris Disk of the 30 Myr Old Star HD 21997

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kospal, A.; Moor, A.; Juhasz, A.; Abraham, P.; Apai, D.; Csengeri, T.; Grady, C. A.; Henning, Th.; Hughes, A. M.; Kiss, Cs.; Pascucci, I.; Schmalzl, M.

    2013-01-01

    The 30 Myr old A3-type star HD 21997 is one of the two known debris dust disks having a measurable amount of cold molecular gas. With the goal of understanding the physical state, origin, and evolution of the gas in young debris disks, we obtained CO line observations with the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA). Here, we report on the detection of (12)CO and (13)CO in the J = 2-1 and J = 3-2 transitions and C(18)O in the J = 2-1 line. The gas exhibits a Keplerian velocity curve, one of the few direct measurements of Keplerian rotation in young debris disks. The measured CO brightness distribution could be reproduced by a simple star+disk system, whose parameters are r(sub in) star. We explore two possible scenarios for the origin of the gas. A secondary origin, which involves gas production from colliding or active planetesimals, would require unreasonably high gas production rates and would not explain why the gas and dust are not colocated. We propose that HD 21997 is a hybrid system where secondary debris dust and primordial gas coexist. HD 21997, whose age exceeds both the model predictions for disk clearing and the ages of the oldest T Tauri-like or transitional gas disks in the literature, may be a key object linking the primordial and the debris phases of disk evolution.

  2. Mining the HST "Advanced Spectral Library (ASTRAL) - Hot Stars": The High Definition UV Spectrum of the Ap Star HR 465

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carpenter, Kenneth G.; Ayres, T. R.; Nielsen, K. E.; Kober, G. V.; Wahlgren, G. M.; Adelman, S. J.; Cowley, C. R.

    2014-01-01

    The "Advanced Spectral Library (ASTRAL) Project: Hot Stars" is a Hubble Space Telescope (HST) Cycle 21 Treasury Program (GO-13346: Ayres PI). It is designed to collect a definitive set of representative, high-resolution ( 30,000-100,000), high signal/noise (S/N>100), and full UV coverage 1200 - 3000 A) spectra of 21 early-type stars, utilizing the high-performance Space Telescope Imaging Spectrograph (STIS). The targets span the range of spectral types between early-O and early-A, including both main sequence and evolved stars, fast and slow rotators, as well as chemically peculiar (CP) and magnetic objects. These extremely high-quality STIS UV echelle spectra will be available from the HST archive and, in post-processed and merged form, at http://casa.colorado.edu ayres/ASTRAL/. The UV "atlases" produced by this program will enable investigations of a broad range of problems -- stellar, interstellar, and beyond -- for many years to come. We offer a first look at one of the earliest datasets to come out of this observing program, a "high definition" UV spectrum of the Ap star HR 465, which was chosen as a prototypical example of an A-type magnetic CP star. HR 465 has a global magnetic field of ~2200 Gauss. Earlier analyses of IUE spectra show strong iron-peak element lines, along with heavy elements such as Ga and Pt, while being deficient in the abundance of some ions of low atomic number, such as carbon. We demonstrate the high quality of the ASTRAL data and present the identification of spectral lines for a number of elements. By comparison of the observed spectra with calculated spectra, we also provide estimates of element abundances, emphasizing heavy elements, and place these measurements in the context of earlier results for this and other Ap stars.

  3. Stokes IQUV magnetic Doppler imaging of Ap stars - I. ESPaDOnS and NARVAL observations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silvester, J.; Wade, G. A.; Kochukhov, O.; Bagnulo, S.; Folsom, C. P.; Hanes, D.

    2012-10-01

    In this paper we describe and evaluate new spectral line polarization observations obtained with the goal of mapping the surfaces of magnetic Ap stars in great detail. One hundred complete or partial Stokes IQUV sequences, corresponding to 297 individual polarized spectra, have been obtained for seven bright Ap stars using the Échelle SpectroPolarimetric Device for the Observation of Stars (ESPaDOnS) and NARVAL high-resolution spectropolarimeters. The targets span a range of masses from approximately 1.8 to 3.4 M⊙, a range of rotation periods from 2.56 to 6.80 d and a range of maximum longitudinal magnetic field strengths from 0.3 to over 4 kG. For three of the seven stars, we have obtained dense phase coverage sampling the entire rotational cycle. These data sets are suitable for immediate magnetic and chemical abundance surface mapping using magnetic Doppler imaging. For the remaining four stars, partial phase coverage has been obtained, and additional observations will be required in order to map the surfaces of these stars. The median signal-to-noise ratio of the reduced observations is over 700 per 1.8 km s-1 pixel. Spectra of all stars show Stokes V Zeeman signatures in essentially all individual lines, and most stars show clear Stokes QU signatures in many individual spectral lines. The observations provide a vastly improved data set compared to previous generations of observations in terms of signal-to-noise ratio, resolving power and measurement uncertainties. Measurement of the longitudinal magnetic field demonstrates that the data are internally consistent within computed uncertainties typically at the 50-100σ level. Data are also shown to be in excellent agreement with published observations and in qualitative agreement with the predictions of published surface structure models. In addition to providing the foundation for the next generation of surface maps of Ap stars, this study establishes the performance and stability of the ESPaDOnS and NARVAL

  4. The fundamental parameters of the roAp star 10 Aql

    CERN Document Server

    Perraut, K; Cunha, M; Bigot, L; Brandão, I; Mourard, D; Nardetto, N; Chesneau, O; McAlister, H; Brummelaar, T A ten; Sturmann, J; Sturmann, L; Turner, N; Farrington, C; Goldfinger, P J

    2013-01-01

    Due to the strong magnetic field and related abnormal surface layers existing in rapidly oscillating Ap stars, systematic errors are likely to be present when determining their effective temperatures, which potentially compromises asteroseismic studies of these pulsators. Using long-baseline interferometry, our goal is to determine accurate angular diameters of a number of roAp targets to provide a temperature calibration for these stars. We obtained interferometric observations of 10 Aql with the visible spectrograph VEGA at the CHARA array. We determined a limb-darkened angular diameter of 0.275+/-0.009 mas and deduced a linear radius of 2.32+/-0.09 R_sun. We estimated the star's bolometric flux and used it, in combination with its parallax and angular diameter, to determine the star's luminosity and effective temperature. For two data sets of bolometric flux we derived an effective temperature of 7800+/-170 K and a luminosity of 18+/-1 L_sun or of 8000+/-210 K and 19+/-2 L_sun. We used these fundamental pa...

  5. Variability in the CoRoT photometry of three hot O-type stars. HD 46223, HD 46150, and HD 46966

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blomme, R.; Mahy, L.; Catala, C.; Cuypers, J.; Gosset, E.; Godart, M.; Montalban, J.; Ventura, P.; Rauw, G.; Morel, T.; Degroote, P.; Aerts, C.; Noels, A.; Michel, E.; Baudin, F.; Baglin, A.; Auvergne, M.; Samadi, R.

    2011-09-01

    Context. The detection of pulsational frequencies in stellar photometry is required as input for asteroseismological modelling. The second short run (SRa02) of the CoRoT mission has provided photometric data of unprecedented quality and time-coverage for a number of O-type stars. Aims: We analyse the CoRoT data corresponding to three hot O-type stars, describing the properties of their light curves and search for pulsational frequencies, which we then compare to theoretical model predictions. Methods: We determine the amplitude spectrum of the data, using the Lomb-Scargle and a multifrequency HMM-like technique. Frequencies are extracted by prewhitening, and their significance is evaluated under the assumption that the light curve is dominated by red noise. We search for harmonics, linear combinations, and regular spacings among these frequencies. We use simulations with the same time sampling as the data as a powerful tool to judge the significance of our results. From the theoretical point of view, we use the MAD non-adiabatic pulsation code to determine the expected frequencies of excited modes. Results: A substantial number of frequencies is listed, but none can be convincingly identified as being connected to pulsations. The amplitude spectrum is dominated by red noise. Theoretical modelling shows that all three O-type stars can have excited modes, but the relation between the theoretical frequencies and the observed spectrum is not obvious. Conclusions: The dominant red noise component in the hot O-type stars studied here clearly points to a different origin than the pulsations seen in cooler O stars. The physical cause of this red noise is unclear, but we speculate on the possibility of sub-surface convection, granulation, or stellar wind inhomogeneities being responsible. The CoRoT space mission was developed and is operated by the French space agency CNES, with participation of ESA's RSSD and Science Programmes, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Germany and Spain

  6. An M-dwarf star in the transition disk of Herbig HD 142527. Physical parameters and orbital elements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lacour, S.; Biller, B.; Cheetham, A.; Greenbaum, A.; Pearce, T.; Marino, S.; Tuthill, P.; Pueyo, L.; Mamajek, E. E.; Girard, J. H.; Sivaramakrishnan, A.; Bonnefoy, M.; Baraffe, I.; Chauvin, G.; Olofsson, J.; Juhasz, A.; Benisty, M.; Pott, J.-U.; Sicilia-Aguilar, A.; Henning, T.; Cardwell, A.; Goodsell, S.; Graham, J. R.; Hibon, P.; Ingraham, P.; Konopacky, Q.; Macintosh, B.; Oppenheimer, R.; Perrin, M.; Rantakyrö, F.; Sadakuni, N.; Thomas, S.

    2016-05-01

    Aims: HD 42527A is one of the most studied Herbig Ae/Be stars with a transitional disk, as it has the largest imaged gap in any protoplanetary disk: the gas is cleared from 30 to 90 AU. The HD 142527 system is also unique in that it has a stellar companion with a small mass compared to the mass of the primary star. This factor of ≈20 in mass ratio between the two objects makes this binary system different from any other YSO. The HD 142527 system could therefore provide a valuable test bed for understanding the impact of a lower mass companion on disk structure. This low-mass stellar object may be responsible for both the gap and dust trapping observed by ALMA at longer distances. Methods: We observed this system with the NACO and GPI instruments using the aperture masking technique. Aperture masking is ideal for providing high dynamic range even at very small angular separations. We present the spectral energy distribution (SED) for HD 142527A and B. Brightness of the companion is now known from the R band up to the M' band. We also followed the orbital motion of HD 142527B over a period of more than two years. Results: The SED of the companion is compatible with a T = 3000 ± 100 K object in addition to a 1700 K blackbody environment (likely a circum-secondary disk). From evolution models, we find that it is compatible with an object of mass 0.13 ± 0.03 M⊙, radius 0.90 ± 0.15 R⊙, and age Myr. This age is significantly younger than the age previously estimated for HD 142527A. Computations to constrain the orbital parameters found a semimajor axis of mas, an eccentricity of 0.5 ± 0.2, an inclination of 125 ± 15 degrees, and a position angle of the right ascending node of -5 ± 40 degrees. Inclination and position angle of the ascending node are in agreement with an orbit coplanar with the inner disk, not coplanar with the outer disk. Despite its high eccentricity, it is unlikely that HD 142527B is responsible for truncating the inner edge of the outer disk.

  7. The evolved B[e] star HD 87643 observations and a radiation driven disk-wind model for B[e] stars

    CERN Document Server

    Oudmaijer, R D; Drew, J E; De Winter, D; Oudmaijer, Rene; Proga, Daniel; Drew, Janet; Winter, Dolf de

    1998-01-01

    New high resolution spectroscopic and medium resolution spectropolarimetric data, complemented with optical broad and narrow band imaging, of the B[e] star HD 87643 are presented. The spectrum of HD 87643 exhibits the hybrid characteristics well known to be representative of the group of B[e] stars; a fast wind with an expansion velocity in excess of 1000 km/s is measured in the hydrogen and helium lines, while a slower component is traced by lower excitation lines and forbidden lines. Clues to the geometry of the rapidly expanding circumstellar shell are provided by the startling polarization changes across Halpha. Comparison with published schematic calculations indicates that the polarizing material is located in a slowly rotating, expanding disk structure. A hydrodynamical model is then presented whose results are consistent with the original two-wind concept for B[e] stars and exhibits kinematic properties that may well explain the observed spectral features in HD 87643. The model calculations use as inp...

  8. Magnetic fields and differential rotation on the pre-main sequence III: The early-G star HD 106506

    CERN Document Server

    Waite, I A; Carter, B D; Hart, R; Donati, J -F; Vélez, J C Ramírez; Semel, M; Dunstone, N

    2011-01-01

    We present photometry and spectropolarimetry of the pre-main sequence star HD 106506. A photometric rotational period of ~1.416 +/- 0.133 days has been derived using observations at Mount Kent Observatory (MKO). Spectropolarimetric data taken at the 3.9-m Anglo-Australian Telescope (AAT) were used to derive spot occupancy and magnetic maps of the star through the technique of Zeeman Doppler imaging (ZDI). The resulting brightness maps indicate that HD 106506 displays photospheric spots at all latitudes including a predominant polar spot. Azimuthal and radial magnetic images of this star have been derived, and a significant azimuthal magnetic field is indicated, in line with other active young stars. A solar-like differential rotation law was incorporated into the imaging process. Using Stokes I information the equatorial rotation rate, $\\Omega_{eq}$, was found to be 4.54 +/- 0.01 rad/d, with a photospheric shear $\\delta\\Omega$ of $0.21_{-0.03}^{+0.02}$ rad/d. This equates to an equatorial rotation period of ~...

  9. The magnetic fields of Ap stars from high resolution Stokes IQUV spectropolarimetry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silvester, James

    In this thesis we describe the acquisition of high resolution time resolved spectropolarimetric observations of 7 (bright and well understood) Ap stars in Stokes IQUV using the ESPaDOnS and Narval spectropolarimeters at the Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope and the 2m Telescope Bernard Lyot at Pic du Midi Observatory. We compare these observations with those obtained a decade earlier using the MuSiCoS spectropolarimeter to confirm consistency with the older data and provide evidence that both ESPaDOnS and Narval perform as expected in all Stokes parameters. We demonstrate that our refined longitudinal magnetic field and linear polarisation measurements for these 7 stars are of much greater quality than was previously obtained with MuSiCoS and that the global magnetic properties of these stars are stable over a long timescale. The ultimate aim of these new data is to provide a basis from which mapping of both the magnetic field and abundance structures can be performed on our target stars. We then describe magnetic field mapping of the Ap star alpha 2 CVn using these data. This mapping is achieved with the use of tomographic inversion of Doppler-broadened Stokes IQUV profiles of a large variety of spectral lines using the INVERS10 Magnetic Doppler imaging code. We show that not only are the new magnetic field maps of alpha 2 CVn consistent with a previous generation of maps of alpha 2 CVn, but that the same magnetic field topology can be derived from a variety of atomic line sets. This indicates that the magnetic field we derive for alpha2 CVn is a realistic representation of the star's true magnetic topology. Finally we investigate surface abundance structures for alpha 2 CVn for various chemical elements. We investigate the correlation between the location of these abundance features and the magnetic field of alpha 2 CVn. We will demonstrate that whilst the magnetic field plays a role in the formation of abundance structures, the current theoretical framework does

  10. KIC 7582608: a new Kepler roAp star with frequency variability

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Holdsworth D.L.

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available We analyse the fifth roAp star reported in the Kepler field, KIC 7582608, discovered with the SuperWASP project. The object shows a high frequency pulsation at 181.7324d−1 (P = 7.9 min with an amplitude of 1.45 mmag, and low frequency rotational modulation corresponding to a period of 20.4339 d. Spectral analysis confirms the Ap nature of the target, with characteristic lines of rare earth elements present. From our spectral observations we derive a lower limit on the mean magnetic field modulus of 〈B〉 =3.05 ± 0.23 kG. Long Cadence Kepler observations show a frequency quintuplet split by the rotational period of the star, typical for an oblique pulsator. We suggest the star is a quadrupole pulsator with a geometry such that i ~ 66° and β ~ 33°. We detect frequency variations of the pulsation in both the WASP and Kepler data sets on many time scales. Linear, non-adiabatic stability modelling allows us to constrain a region on the HR diagram where the pulsations are unstable, an area consistent with observations.

  11. The ultraviolet lines of carbon, nitrogen, and oxygen in the IUE spectrum of the field horizontal-branch A star HD 109995

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leckrone, David S.; Adelman, Saul J.

    1986-01-01

    Photospheric abundances of C, N and O of an evolved halo Population 2 star, the field horizontal-branch star HD 109995, based on observations of ultraviolet resonance or low excitation lines are presented. The logarithmic abundance ratio with respect to the Sun O/Fe = +1.5 is substantially higher than previously determined values for Pop. 2 red giants or RR Lyrae stars, but agrees well with a derived value from the OI infrared triplet. This may be direct evidence of Tinsley's (1979) scenario of localized sharply rising interstellar oxygen abundances immediately following bursts of massive star formation. Star HD 109995 may have formed from such highly oxygen-enriched material prior to its dilution by gas with the pre-burst composition. The ratio C/N = -1.3 may reflect the composition of material from which the star formed or CN processing within the star during its evolution.

  12. The nature of the high Galactic latitude O-star HD93521: new results from X-ray and optical spectroscopy

    CERN Document Server

    Rauw, Gregor; Palate, Matthieu

    2012-01-01

    Owing to its unusual location and its isolation, the nature of the high Galactic latitude O9.5Vp object HD93521 is still uncertain. We have collected X-ray and optical observations to characterize the star and its surroundings. X-ray images and spectra are analyzed to search for traces of a recent star formation event around HD93521 and to search for the signature of a possible compact companion. Optical echelle spectra are analysed with plane-parallel model atmosphere codes, assuming either a spherical star or a gravity darkened rotationally flattened star, to infer the effective temperature and surface gravity, and to derive the He, C, N and O abundances of HD93521. The X-ray images reveal no traces of a population of young low-mass stars coeval with HD93521. The X-ray spectrum of HD93521 is consistent with a normal late O-type star although with subsolar metallicity. No trace of a compact companion is found in the X-ray data. In the optical spectrum, He and N are found to be overabundant, in line with the ...

  13. The first evidence for multiple pulsation axes: a new rapidly oscillating Ap star in the Kepler field, KIC 10195926

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kurtz, Donald W.; Cunha, Margarida S.; Saio, H.;

    2011-01-01

    to these values that reproduces the rotational variations of the two obliquely pulsating modes with different pulsation axes. The star shows overabundances of the rare earth elements, but these are not as extreme as most other roAp stars. The spectrum is variable with rotation, indicating surface abundance...

  14. VizieR Online Data Catalog: Variability of the PGa star HD 19400 (Hubrig+, 2014)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hubrig, S.; Castelli, F.; Gonzalez, J. F.; Carroll, T. A.; Ilyin, I.; Schoeller, M.; Drake, N. A.; Korhonen, H.; Briquet, M.

    2014-07-01

    Table 3 contains line by line abundances of HD19400 from the ATLAS12 model with parameters Teff=13500K and logg=3.9. The spectropolarimetric observations of HD 19400 have been obtained with the HARPS instrument attached to ESO's 3.6m telescope at La Silla during 3 nights: 2011-12-15, 2011-12-16, and 2013-07-19. (2 data files).

  15. Confirming HD 23478 as a new magnetic B star hosting an H$\\alpha$-bright centrifugal magnetosphere

    CERN Document Server

    Sikora, James; Bohlender, David; Neiner, Coralie; Oksala, Mary; Shultz, Matt; Cohen, David; ud-Doula, Asif; Grunhut, Jason; Monin, Dmitry; Owocki, Stan; Petit, Véronique; Rivinius, Thomas; Townsend, Richard

    2015-01-01

    In this paper we report 23 magnetic field measurements of the B3IV star HD 23478: 12 obtained from high resolution Stokes $V$ spectra using the ESPaDOnS (CFHT) and Narval (TBL) spectropolarimeters, and 11 from medium resolution Stokes $V$ spectra obtained with the DimaPol spectropolarimeter (DAO). HD 23478 was one of two rapidly rotating stars identified as potential "centrifugal magnetosphere" hosts based on IR observations from the Apache Point Observatory Galactic Evolution Experiment survey. We derive basic physical properties of this star including its mass ($M=6.1^{+0.8}_{-0.7}\\,M_\\odot$), effective temperature ($T_{\\rm eff}=20\\pm2\\,$kK), radius ($R=2.7^{+1.6}_{-0.9}\\,R_\\odot$), and age ($\\tau_{\\rm age}=3^{+37}_{-1}\\,$Myr). We repeatedly detect weakly-variable Zeeman signatures in metal, He and H lines in all our observations corresponding to a longitudinal magnetic field of $\\langle B_z\\rangle\\approx-2.0\\,$kG. The rotational period is inferred from Hipparcos photometry ($P_{\\rm rot}=1.0498(4)\\,$d). Und...

  16. Detection of Elements at All Three r-process Peaks in the Metal-Poor Star HD 160617

    CERN Document Server

    Roederer, Ian U; 10.1088/0004-637X/750/1/76

    2012-01-01

    We report the first detection of elements at all three r-process peaks in the metal-poor halo star HD 160617. These elements include arsenic and selenium, which have not been detected previously in halo stars, and the elements tellurium, osmium, iridium, and platinum, which have been detected previously. Absorption lines of these elements are found in archive observations made with the Space Telescope Imaging Spectrograph onboard the Hubble Space Telescope. We present up-to-date absolute atomic transition probabilities and complete line component patterns for these elements. Additional archival spectra of this star from several ground-based instruments allow us to derive abundances or upper limits of 45 elements in HD 160617, including 27 elements produced by neutron-capture reactions. The average abundances of the elements at the three r-process peaks are similar to the predicted solar system r-process residuals when scaled to the abundances in the rare earth element domain. This result for arsenic and selen...

  17. The discovery of a planetary candidate around the evolved low-mass Kepler giant star HD 175370

    CERN Document Server

    Hrudková, M; Karjalainen, R; Lehmann, H; Hekker, S; Hartmann, M; Tkachenko, A; Prins, S; van Winckel, H; de Nutte, R; Dumortier, L; Frémat, Y; Hensberge, H; Jorissen, A; Lampens, P; Laverick, M; Lombaert, R; Pápics, P I; Raskin, G; Sódor, Á; Thoul, A; van Eck, S; Waelkens, C

    2016-01-01

    We report on the discovery of a planetary companion candidate with a minimum mass Msini = 4.6 M_J orbiting the K2 III giant star HD 175370 (KIC 007940959). This star was a target in our program to search for planets around a sample of 95 giant stars observed with Kepler. This detection was made possible using precise stellar radial velocity measurements of HD 175370 taken over five years and four months using the coude echelle spectrograph of the 2-m Alfred Jensch Telescope and the fibre-fed echelle spectrograph HERMES of the 1.2-m Mercator Telescope. Our radial velocity measurements reveal a periodic (349.5 days) variation with a semi-amplitude K = 133 m/s, superimposed on a long-term trend. A low-mass stellar companion with an orbital period of ~88 years in a highly eccentric orbit and a planet in a Keplerian orbit with an eccentricity e = 0.22 are the most plausible explanation of the radial velocity variations. However, we cannot exclude the existence of stellar envelope pulsations as a cause for the low-...

  18. HD5980

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koenigsberger, C.

    HD5980 is a multiple system containing at least 3 very massive and luminous stars. Located in the Small Magellanic Cloud, it is an ideal system for studying the massive star structure and evolutionary processes in low-metallicity environments. Intensely observed over the past few decades, HD5980 is a treasure trove of information on stellar wind structure, on wind-wind collisions and on the formation of wind-blown circumstellar structures. In addition, its characteristics suggest that the eclipsing WR+LBV stars of the system are the product of quasihomogeneous chemical evolution, thus making them candidate pair production supernovae or GRB progenitors. This paper summarizes some of the outstanding results derived from half a century of observations and recent theoretical studies.

  19. An extreme planetary system around HD 219828. One long-period super Jupiter to a hot-Neptune host star

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santos, N. C.; Santerne, A.; Faria, J. P.; Rey, J.; Correia, A. C. M.; Laskar, J.; Udry, S.; Adibekyan, V.; Bouchy, F.; Delgado-Mena, E.; Melo, C.; Dumusque, X.; Hébrard, G.; Lovis, C.; Mayor, M.; Montalto, M.; Mortier, A.; Pepe, F.; Figueira, P.; Sahlmann, J.; Ségransan, D.; Sousa, S. G.

    2016-07-01

    Context. With about 2000 extrasolar planets confirmed, the results show that planetary systems have a whole range of unexpected properties. This wide diversity provides fundamental clues to the processes of planet formation and evolution. Aims: We present a full investigation of the HD 219828 system, a bright metal-rich star for which a hot Neptune has previously been detected. Methods: We used a set of HARPS, SOPHIE, and ELODIE radial velocities to search for the existence of orbiting companions to HD 219828. The spectra were used to characterise the star and its chemical abundances, as well as to check for spurious, activity induced signals. A dynamical analysis is also performed to study the stability of the system and to constrain the orbital parameters and planet masses. Results: We announce the discovery of a long period (P = 13.1 yr) massive (m sini = 15.1 MJup) companion (HD 219828 c) in a very eccentric orbit (e = 0.81). The same data confirms the existence of a hot Neptune, HD 219828 b, with a minimum mass of 21 M⊕ and a period of 3.83 days. The dynamical analysis shows that the system is stable, and that the equilibrium eccentricity of planet b is close to zero. Conclusions: The HD 219828 system is extreme and unique in several aspects. First, ammong all known exoplanet systems it presents an unusually high mass ratio. We also show that systems like HD 219828, with a hot Neptune and a long-period massive companion are more frequent than similar systems with a hot Jupiter instead. This suggests that the formation of hot Neptunes follows a different path than the formation of their hot jovian counterparts. The high mass, long period, and eccentricity of HD 219828 c also make it a good target for Gaia astrometry as well as a potential target for atmospheric characterisation, using direct imaging or high-resolution spectroscopy. Astrometric observations will allow us to derive its real mass and orbital configuration. If a transit of HD 219828 b is detected

  20. Revealing the Asymmetry of the Wind of the Variable Wolf-Rayet Star WR1 (HD4004) Through Spectropolarization

    OpenAIRE

    St-Louis, Nicole

    2013-01-01

    In this paper, high quality spectropolarimetric observations of the Wolf-Rayet (WR) Star WR1 (HD4004) obtained with ESPaDOnS at CFHT are presented. All major emission lines present in the spectrum show depolarization in the relative Stokes parameters Q/I and U/I. From the behaviour of the amount of line depolarization as a function of line strength, the intrinsic continuum light polarization of WR1 is estimated to be P/I=0.443 \\pm 0.028 % with an angle of \\theta=-26.2^o. Although such a level...

  1. A HOT URANUS ORBITING THE SUPER METAL-RICH STAR HD 77338 AND THE METALLICITY-MASS CONNECTION

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jenkins, J. S.; Hoyer, S.; Jones, M. I.; Rojo, P.; Day-Jones, A. C.; Ruiz, M. T. [Departamento de Astronomia, Universidad de Chile, Camino el Observatorio 1515, Las Condes, Santiago, Casilla 36-D (Chile); Jones, H. R. A.; Tuomi, M.; Barnes, J. R.; Pavlenko, Y. V.; Pinfield, D. J. [Center for Astrophysics, University of Hertfordshire, College Lane Campus, Hatfield, Hertfordshire, AL10 9AB (United Kingdom); Murgas, F. [Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias, Via Lactea, E-38205 La Laguna, Tenerife (Spain); Ivanyuk, O. [Main Astronomical Observatory of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 27 Zabolotnoho, Kyiv 127, 03680 (Ukraine); Jordan, A., E-mail: jjenkins@das.uchile.cl [Departamento de Astronomia y Astrofisica, Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile, 7820436 Macul, Santiago (Chile)

    2013-04-01

    We announce the discovery of a low-mass planet orbiting the super metal-rich K0V star HD 77338 as part of our ongoing Calan-Hertfordshire Extrasolar Planet Search. The best-fit planet solution has an orbital period of 5.7361 {+-} 0.0015 days and with a radial velocity semi-amplitude of only 5.96 {+-} 1.74 ms{sup -1}, we find a minimum mass of 15.9{sup +4.7}{sub -5.3} M{sub Circled-Plus }. The best-fit eccentricity from this solution is 0.09{sup +0.25}{sub -0.09}, and we find agreement for this data set using a Bayesian analysis and a periodogram analysis. We measure a metallicity for the star of +0.35 {+-} 0.06 dex, whereas another recent work finds +0.47 {+-} 0.05 dex. Thus HD 77338b is one of the most metal-rich planet-host stars known and the most metal-rich star hosting a sub-Neptune-mass planet. We searched for a transit signature of HD 77338b but none was detected. We also highlight an emerging trend where metallicity and mass seem to correlate at very low masses, a discovery that would be in agreement with the core accretion model of planet formation. The trend appears to show that for Neptune-mass planets and below, higher masses are preferred when the host star is more metal-rich. Also a lower boundary is apparent in the super metal-rich regime where there are no very low mass planets yet discovered in comparison to the sub-solar metallicity regime. A Monte Carlo analysis shows that this low-mass planet desert is statistically significant with the current sample of 36 planets at the {approx}4.5{sigma} level. In addition, results from Kepler strengthen the claim for this paucity of the lowest-mass planets in super metal-rich systems. Finally, this discovery adds to the growing population of low-mass planets around low-mass and metal-rich stars and shows that very low mass planets can now be discovered with a relatively small number of data points using stable instrumentation.

  2. Time-dependent spectral-feature variations of stars displaying the B[e] phenomenon. III. HD 50138

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jeřábková, T.; Korčáková, D.; Miroshnichenko, A.; Danford, S.; Zharikov, S. V.; Kříček, R.; Zasche, P.; Votruba, V.; Šlechta, M.; Škoda, P.; Janík, J.

    2016-02-01

    Context. B[e] stars are anomalous objects around which extended circumstellar matter is present. The observed properties of the central star are significantly affected by the surrounding material. Therefore, the use of standard synthetic spectra is disputable in this case and our capability to study these objects is limited. One of the possibilities is to analyse variations of the spectral features. Long-term spectroscopic observations are required for this, but are not found in the literature. For our study we choose the B[e] star HD 50138 of the FS CMa type because of the indication that this star is a post-main-sequence star, although still not highly evolved. Therefore, it can be a good object for testing evolutionary models. Currently, HD 50138 is the most extensively observed FS CMa star which makes it an ideal object for modelling. Our observations fill the gap in the available data. Aims: To describe the variability of HD 50138 we have monitored this star spectroscopically over the last twenty years. To search for the periodicity on short-term scales, series of night-to-night observations were also obtained. We were able to obtain 130 spectra from four different telescopes - 1.06 m at Ritter Observatory (échelle, R ~ 26 000, 32 spectra, 1994-2003), the Perek 2 m telescope at Ondřejov Observatory (slit, R ~ 12 500, 56 spectra, 2004-2013), the 2.12 m telescope at Observatorio Astronomico Nacional San Pedro Martir (échelle, R ~ 18 000, 16 spectra, 2005-2013), and the 0.81 m telescope at Three College Observatory (échelle, R ~ 12 000, 26 spectra, 2013-2014). Methods: We describe and analyse variations of the chosen lines. The measurements of the equivalent widths and radial velocities of the Hα, Hβ, and [O i] λλ 6300, 6364 Å lines are presented. The set of obtained spectra allows us to describe the changes on timescales from days to years. Results: The long-term quasi-periodic trend was found in the variations of the Hα equivalent width and confirmed

  3. Accurate age determinations of several nearby open clusters containing magnetic Ap stars

    CERN Document Server

    Silaj, J

    2014-01-01

    Aims: Our aim is to obtain ages that are as accurate as possible for the seven nearby open clusters alpha Per, Coma Ber, IC 2602, NGC 2232, NGC 2451A, NGC 2516, and NGC 6475, each of which contains at least one magnetic Ap or Bp star. Simultaneously, we test the current calibrations of Te and luminosity for the Ap/Bp star members, and identify clearly blue stragglers in the clusters studied. Methods: We explore the possibility that isochrone fitting in the theoretical Hertzsprung-Russell diagram (i.e. log (L/L&sun;) vs. log Te), rather than in the conventional colour-magnitude diagram, can provide more precise and accurate cluster ages, with well-defined uncertainties. Results: Well-defined ages are found for all the clusters studied. For the nearby clusters studied, the derived ages are not very sensitive to the small uncertainties in distance, reddening, membership, metallicity, or choice of isochrones. Our age determinations are all within the range of previously determined values, but the associated u...

  4. Inner disk clearing around the Herbig Ae star HD\\,139614: Evidence for a planet-induced gap ?

    CERN Document Server

    Matter, A; Augereau, J -C; Kluska, J; Crida, A; Carmona, A; Gonzalez, J F; Thi, W F; Bouquin, J -B Le; Olofsson, J; Lopez, B

    2016-01-01

    Spatially resolving the inner dust cavity of the transitional disks is a key to understanding the connection between planetary formation and disk dispersal. The disk around the Herbig star HD 139614 is of particular interest since it presents a pretransitional nature with an au-sized gap, in the dust, that was spatially resolved by mid-IR interferometry. Using new NIR interferometric observations, we aim to characterize the 0.1-10~au region of the HD~139614 disk further and identify viable mechanisms for the inner disk clearing. We report the first multiwavelength radiative transfer modeling of the interferometric data acquired on HD~139614 with PIONIER, AMBER, and MIDI, complemented by Herschel/PACS photometries. We confirm a gap structure in the um-sized dust, extending from about 2.5 au to 6 au, and constrained the properties of the inner dust component: e.g., a radially increasing surface density profile, and a depletion of 10^3 relative to the outer disk. Since self-shadowing and photoevaporation appears...

  5. Discovery of multiple pulsations in the new δ Scuti star HD 92277: Asteroseismology from Dome A, Antarctica

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zong, Weikai; Fu, Jian-Ning; Niu, Jia-Shu; Zhu, Zonghong [Department of Astronomy, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875 (China); Charpinet, S.; Vauclair, G. [Université de Toulouse, UPS-OMP, IRAP, F-31400 Toulouse (France); Ashley, Michael C. B.; Lawrence, Jon S.; Luong-Van, Daniel [School of Physics, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2052 (Australia); Cui, Xiangqun; Gong, Xuefei [Nanjing Institute of Astronomical Optics and Technology, Nanjing 210042 (China); Feng, Longlong; Wang, Lifan; Yuan, Xiangyan; Zhu, Zhenxi [Purple Mountain Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008 (China); Liu, Qiang; Wang, Lingzhi; Zhou, Xu [National Astronomical Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100012 (China); Pennypacker, Carl R. [Center for Astrophysics, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA (United States); York, Donald G., E-mail: jnfu@bnu.edu.cn [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics and Enrico Fermi Institute, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637 (United States)

    2015-02-01

    We report the discovery of low-amplitude oscillations in the star HD 92277 from long, continuous observations in the r and g bands using the CSTAR telescopes in Antarctica. A total of more than 1950 hours of high-quality light curves were used to categorize HD 92277 as a new member of the δ Scuti class. We have detected 21 (20 frequencies are independent and one is the linear combination) and 14 (13 frequencies are independent and one is the linear combination) pulsation frequencies in the r and g bands, respectively, indicating a multi-periodic pulsation behavior. The primary frequency f{sub 1} = 10.810 days{sup −1} corresponds to a period of 0.0925 days and is an l = 1 mode. We estimate a B − V index of 0.39 and derive an effective temperature of 6800 K for HD 92277. We conclude that long, continuous and uninterrupted time-series photometry can be performed from Dome A, Antarctica, and that this is especially valuable for asteroseismology where multi-color observations (often not available from space-based telescopes) assist with mode identification.

  6. Abundance analysis, spectral variability, and search for the presence of a magnetic field in the typical PGa star HD19400

    CERN Document Server

    Hubrig, S; Gonzalez, J F; Carroll, T A; Ilyin, I; Schöller, M; Drake, N A; Korhonen, H; Briquet, M

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this study is to carry out an abundance determination, to search for spectral variability and for the presence of a weak magnetic field in the typical PGa star HD19400. High-resolution, high signal-to-noise HARPS spectropolarimetric observations of HD19400 were obtained at three different epochs in 2011 and 2013. For the first time, we present abundances of various elements determined using an ATLAS12 model, including the abundances of a number of elements not analysed by previous studies, such as Ne I, Ga II, and Xe II. Several lines of As II are also present in the spectra of HD19400. To study the variability, we compared the behaviour of the line profiles of various elements. We report on the first detection of anomalous shapes of line profiles belonging to Mn and Hg, and the variability of the line profiles belonging to the elements Hg, P, Mn, Fe, and Ga. We suggest that the variability of the line profiles of these elements is caused by their non-uniform surface distribution, similar to the pr...

  7. DISCOVERY OF A TWO-ARMED SPIRAL STRUCTURE IN THE GAPPED DISK AROUND HERBIG Ae STAR HD 100453

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wagner, Kevin; Apai, Daniel [Department of Astronomy/Steward Observatory, The University of Arizona, 933 N. Cherry Avenue, Tucson, AZ 85721 (United States); Kasper, Markus [European Southern Observatory, Karl-Schwarzschild-Strasse 2, D-85748 Garching (Germany); Robberto, Massimo, E-mail: kwagner@as.arizona.edu [Space Telescope Science Institute, 3700 San Martin Drive, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States)

    2015-11-01

    We present Very Large Telescope (VLT)/SPHERE adaptive optics imaging in the Y-, J-, H-, and K-bands of the HD 100453 system and the discovery of a two-armed spiral structure in a disk extending to 0.″37 (∼42 AU) from the star, with highly symmetric arms to the northeast and southwest. Inside of the spiral arms, we resolve a ring of emission from 0.″18 to 0.″25 (∼21–29 AU). By assuming that the ring is intrinsically circular we estimate an inclination of ∼34° from face on. We detect dark crescents on opposite sides (NW and SE) that begin at 0.″18 and continue to radii smaller than our inner working angle of 0.″15, which we interpret as the signature of a gap at ≲21 AU that has likely been cleared by forming planets. We also detect the ∼120 AU companion HD 100453 B, and by comparing our data to 2003 Hubble Space Telescope and VLT/NACO images we estimate an orbital period of ∼850 year. We discuss what implications the discovery of the spiral arms and finer structures of the disk may have on our understanding of the possible planetary system in HD 100453 and how the morphology of this disk compares to other related objects.

  8. The California Planet Survey IV: A Planet Orbiting the Giant Star HD 145934 and Updates to Seven Systems with Long-Period Planets

    OpenAIRE

    Feng, Y. Katherina; Wright, Jason T.; Nelson, Benjamin; Wang, Sharon X.; Ford, Eric B.; Marcy, Geoffrey W.; Isaacson, Howard; Howard, Andrew W.

    2015-01-01

    We present an update to seven stars with long-period planets or planetary candidates using new and archival radial velocities from Keck-HIRES and literature velocities from other telescopes. Our updated analysis better constrains orbital parameters for these planets, four of which are known multi-planet systems. HD 24040 b and HD 183263 c are super-Jupiters with circular orbits and periods longer than 8 yr. We present a previously unseen linear trend in the residuals of HD 66428 indicative on...

  9. 14 Ceti: a probable Ap-star-descendant entering the Hertzsprung gap

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aurière, M.; Konstantinova-Antova, R.; Petit, P.; Charbonnel, C.; Van Eck, S.; Donati, J.-F.; Lignières, F.; Roudier, T.

    2012-07-01

    Context. 14 Ceti is a subgiant star of F spectral class that displays variations in the S-index of its Ca ii H & K lines and an X-ray emission that is stronger than the mean observed for its spectral class, which may be due to some magnetic activity. Aims: We attempt to Zeeman-detect and study the magnetic field of 14 Ceti and to infer its origin. Methods: We used the spectropolarimeter Narval at the Telescope Bernard Lyot, Pic du Midi Observatory, and the least squares deconvolution method to create high signal-to-noise ratio Stokes V profiles. We derived the surface-averaged longitudinal magnetic field Bl. We also measured the S-index, and the radial velocity for each observation. Results: 14 Ceti is Zeeman-detected for the 30 observed dates spanning from August 2007 to January 2012. The average longitudinal magnetic field does not reverse its sign, reaches about -35 G, and shows some month-long-timescale variations in our 2008 and 2011-2012 observations. The S-index follows the same long-term trend as Bl. 14 Ceti is confirmed as a single star without H-K emission cores. The strength of the observed surface magnetic field of 14 Ceti is one order of magnitude greater than the observed one for late F main-sequence stars, and is comparable to the values measured in the active late F pre-main-sequence star HR 1817. On the other hand, taking into account the post-main-sequence evolution of an Ap star, an oblique rotator model can explain the strength of the magnetic field of 14 Ceti. The variations with a timescale of months observed for both the Bl and S-index could be due to the rotation. Conclusions: The most probable scenario to explain our observations appears to be that 14 Ceti is the descendant of a cool Ap star. Based on data obtained using the Télescope Bernard Lyot at Observatoire du Pic du Midi, CNRS/INSU and Université de Toulouse, France.

  10. Precise radial velocities of giant stars IX. HD 59686 Ab: a massive circumstellar planet orbiting a giant star in a ~13.6 au eccentric binary system

    CERN Document Server

    Ortiz, Mauricio; Trifonov, Trifon; Quirrenbach, Andreas; Mitchell, David; Nowak, Grzegorz; Buenzli, Esther; Zimmerman, Neil; Bonnefoy, Mickael; Skemer, Andy; Defrère, Denis; Lee, Man Hoi; Fischer, Debra; Hinz, Philip

    2016-01-01

    Context: For over 12 years, we have carried out a precise radial velocity survey of a sample of 373 G and K giant stars using the Hamilton \\'Echelle Spectrograph at Lick Observatory. There are, among others, a number of multiple planetary systems in our sample as well as several planetary candidates in stellar binaries. Aims: We aim at detecting and characterizing substellar+stellar companions to the giant star HD 59686 A (HR 2877, HIP 36616). Methods: We obtained high precision radial velocity (RV) measurements of the star HD 59686 A. By fitting a Keplerian model to the periodic changes in the RVs, we can assess the nature of companions in the system. In order to discriminate between RV variations due to non-radial pulsation or stellar spots we used infrared RVs taken with the CRIRES spectrograph at the Very Large Telescope. Additionally, to further characterize the system, we obtain high-resolution images with LMIRCam at the Large Binocular Telescope. Results: We report the likely discovery of a giant plane...

  11. The Lick-Carnegie Exoplanet Survey: HD32963 -- A New Jupiter Analog Orbiting a Sun-like Star

    CERN Document Server

    Rowan, Dominick; Laughlin, Gregory; Vogt, Steven S; Butler, R Paul; Burt, Jennifer; Wang, Songhu; Holden, Brad; Hanson, Russell; Arriagada, Pamela; Keiser, Sandy; Teske, Johanna; Diaz, Matias

    2015-01-01

    We present a set of 109 new, high-precision Keck/HIRES radial velocity (RV) observations for the solar-type star HD 32963. Our dataset reveals a candidate planetary signal with a period of 6.49 $\\pm$ 0.07 years and a corresponding minimum mass of 0.7 $\\pm$ 0.03 Jupiter masses. Given Jupiter's crucial role in shaping the evolution of the early Solar System, we emphasize the importance of long-term radial velocity surveys. Finally, using our complete set of Keck radial velocities and correcting for the relative detectability of synthetic planetary candidates orbiting each of the 1,122 stars in our sample, we estimate the frequency of Jupiter analogs across our survey at approximately 3%.

  12. The Role of Turbulent Pressure as a Coherent Pulsational Driving Mechanism: The Case of the δ Scuti Star HD 187547

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Antoci, V.; Cunha, M.; Houdek, G.;

    2014-01-01

    HD 187547 was the first candidate that led to the suggestion that solar-like oscillations are present in δ Scuti stars. Longer observations, however, show that the modes interpreted as solar-like oscillations have either very long mode lifetimes, longer than 960 days, or are coherent. These results...... are incompatible with the nature of "pure" stochastic excitation as observed in solar-like stars. Nonetheless, one point is certain: the opacity mechanism alone cannot explain the oscillation spectrum of HD 187547. Here we present new theoretical investigations showing that convection dynamics can intrinsically...... excite coherent pulsations in the chemically peculiar δ Scuti star HD 187547. More precisely, it is the perturbations of the mean Reynold stresses (turbulent pressure) that drives the pulsations and the excitation takes place predominantly in the hydrogen ionization zone....

  13. Models of large-scale magnetic fields in stellar interiors. Application to solar and ap stars

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Stellar astrophysics needs today new models of large-scale magnetic fields, which are observed through spectropolarimetry at the surface of Ap/Bp stars, and thought to be an explanation for the uniform rotation of the solar radiation zone, deduced from helio seismic inversions. During my PhD, I focused on describing the possible magnetic equilibria in stellar interiors. The found configurations are mixed poloidal-toroidal, and minimize the energy for a given helicity, in analogy with Taylor states encountered in spheromaks. Taking into account the self-gravity leads us to the 'non force-free' equilibria family, that will thus influence the stellar structure. I derived all the physical quantities associated with the magnetic field; then I evaluated the perturbations they induce on gravity, thermodynamic quantities as well as energetic ones, for a solar model and an Ap star. 3D MHD simulations allowed me to show that these equilibria form a first stable states family, the generalization of such states remaining an open question. It has been shown that a large-scale magnetic field confined in the solar radiation zone can induce an oblateness comparable to a high core rotation law. I also studied the secular interaction between the magnetic field, the differential rotation and the meridional circulation in the aim of implementing their effects in a next generation stellar evolution code. The influence of the magnetism on convection has also been studied. Finally, hydrodynamic processes responsible for the mixing have been compared with diffusion and a change of convection's efficiency in the case of a CoRoT star target. (author)

  14. Abundance analysis, spectral variability, and search for the presence of a magnetic field in the typical PGa star HD 19400

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hubrig, S.; Castelli, F.; González, J. F.; Carroll, T. A.; Ilyin, I.; Schöller, M.; Drake, N. A.; Korhonen, H.; Briquet, M.

    2014-08-01

    The aim of this study is to carry out an abundance determination, to search for spectral variability and for the presence of a weak magnetic field in the typical PGa star HD 19400. High-resolution, high signal-to-noise High Accuracy Radial-velocity Planet Searcher (HARPS) spectropolarimetric observations of HD 19400 were obtained at three different epochs in 2011 and 2013. For the first time, we present abundances of various elements determined using an ATLAS12 model, including the abundances of a number of elements not analysed by previous studies, such as Ne I, Ga II, and Xe II. Several lines of As II are also present in the spectra of HD 19400. To study the variability, we compared the behaviour of the line profiles of various elements. We report on the first detection of anomalous shapes of line profiles belonging to Mn and Hg, and the variability of the line profiles belonging to the elements Hg, P, Mn, Fe, and Ga. We suggest that the variability of the line profiles of these elements is caused by their non-uniform surface distribution, similar to the presence of chemical spots detected in HgMn stars. The search for the presence of a magnetic field was carried out using the moment technique and the Singular Value Decomposition (SVD) method. Our measurements of the magnetic field with the moment technique using 22 Mn II lines indicate the potential existence of a weak variable longitudinal magnetic field on the first epoch. The SVD method applied to the Mn II lines indicates = -76 ± 25 G on the first epoch, and at the same epoch the SVD analysis of the observations using the Fe II lines shows = -91 ± 35 G. The calculated false alarm probability values, 0.008 and 0.003, respectively, are above the value 10-3, indicating no detection.

  15. Stellar Parameters for HD 69830, a Nearby Star with Three Neptune Mass Planets and an Asteroid Belt

    CERN Document Server

    Tanner, Angelle; von Braun, Kaspar; Kane, Stephen; Brewer, John M; Farrington, Chris; van Belle, Gerard T; Beichman, Charles A; Fischer, Debra; Brummelaar, Theo A ten; McAlister, Harold A; Schaefer, Gail

    2014-01-01

    We used the CHARA Array to directly measure the angular diameter of HD 69830, home to three Neptune mass planets and an asteroid belt. Our measurement of 0.674+/-0.014 milli-arcseconds for the limb-darkened angular diameter of this star leads to a physical radius of R$_*$ = 0.9058$\\pm$0.0190 R\\sun and luminosity of L* = 0.622+/-0.014 Lsun when combined with a fit to the spectral energy distribution of the star. Placing these observed values on an Hertzsprung-Russel (HR) diagram along with stellar evolution isochrones produces an age of 10.6+/-4 Gyr and mass of 0.863$\\pm$0.043 M\\sun. We use archival optical echelle spectra of HD 69830 along with an iterative spectral fitting technique to measure the iron abundance ([Fe/H]=-0.04+/-0.03), effective temperature (5385+/-44 K) and surface gravity (log g = 4.49+/-0.06). We use these new values for the temperature and luminosity to calculate a more precise age of 7.5+/-Gyr. Applying the values of stellar luminosity and radius to recent models on the optimistic locati...

  16. Monte-Carlo radiative transfer simulation of the circumstellar disk of the Herbig Ae star HD 144432

    CERN Document Server

    Chen, L; Weigelt, G; Hofmann, K -H; Schertl, D; Malbet, F; Massi, F; Petrov, R; Stee, Ph

    2015-01-01

    Studies of pre-transitional disks, with a gap region between the inner infrared-emitting region and the outer disk, are important to improving our understanding of disk evolution and planet formation. Previous infrared interferometric observations have shown hints of a gap region in the protoplanetary disk around the Herbig Ae star HD~144432. We study the dust distribution around this star with two-dimensional radiative transfer modeling. We compare the model predictions obtained via the Monte-Carlo radiative transfer code RADMC-3D with infrared interferometric observations and the {\\SED} of HD~144432. The best-fit model that we found consists of an inner optically thin component at $0.21\\enDash0.32~\\AU$ and an optically thick outer disk at $1.4\\enDash10~\\AU$. We also found an alternative model in which the inner sub-AU region consists of an optically thin and an optically thick component. Our modeling suggests an optically thin component exists in the inner sub-AU region, although an optically thick componen...

  17. KEPLER-21b: A 1.6 R{sub Earth} PLANET TRANSITING THE BRIGHT OSCILLATING F SUBGIANT STAR HD 179070

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Howell, Steve B. [National Optical Astronomy Observatory, Tucson, AZ 85719 (United States); Rowe, Jason F.; Bryson, Stephen T. [NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA 94035 (United States); Quinn, Samuel N. [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Marcy, Geoffrey W.; Isaacson, Howard [Department of Astronomy, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Ciardi, David R. [NASA Exoplanet Science Institute/Caltech, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Chaplin, William J.; Elsworth, Yvonne [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT (United Kingdom); Metcalfe, Travis S. [High Altitude Observatory and Scientific Computing Division, National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, CO 80307 (United States); Monteiro, Mario J. P. F. G. [Centro de Astrofisica, Universidade do Porto, Rua das Estrelas, 4150-762 Porto (Portugal); Appourchaux, Thierry [Institut d' Astrophysique Spatiale, Universite Paris XI-CNRS (UMR8617), Batiment 121, 91405 Orsay Cedex (France); Basu, Sarbani [Department of Astronomy, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06520-8101 (United States); Creevey, Orlagh L. [Departamento de Astrofisica, Universidad de La Laguna, E-38206 La Laguna, Tenerife (Spain); Gilliland, Ronald L. [Space Telescope Science Institute, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States); Quirion, Pierre-Olivier [Canadian Space Agency, 6767 Boulevard de l' Aeroport, Saint-Hubert, QC, J3Y 8Y9 (Canada); Stello, Denis [Sydney Institute for Astronomy (SIfA), School of Physics, University of Sydney, NSW 2006 (Australia); Kjeldsen, Hans; Christensen-Dalsgaard, Joergen [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Aarhus University, DK-8000 Aarhus C (Denmark); Garcia, Rafael A. [Laboratoire AIM, CEA/DSM-CNRS-Universite Paris Diderot-IRFU/SAp, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex (France); and others

    2012-02-20

    We present Kepler observations of the bright (V = 8.3), oscillating star HD 179070. The observations show transit-like events which reveal that the star is orbited every 2.8 days by a small, 1.6 R{sub Earth} object. Seismic studies of HD 179070 using short cadence Kepler observations show that HD 179070 has a frequency-power spectrum consistent with solar-like oscillations that are acoustic p-modes. Asteroseismic analysis provides robust values for the mass and radius of HD 179070, 1.34 {+-} 0.06 M{sub Sun} and 1.86 {+-} 0.04 R{sub Sun }, respectively, as well as yielding an age of 2.84 {+-} 0.34 Gyr for this F5 subgiant. Together with ground-based follow-up observations, analysis of the Kepler light curves and image data, and blend scenario models, we conservatively show at the >99.7% confidence level (3{sigma}) that the transit event is caused by a 1.64 {+-} 0.04 R{sub Earth} exoplanet in a 2.785755 {+-} 0.000032 day orbit. The exoplanet is only 0.04 AU away from the star and our spectroscopic observations provide an upper limit to its mass of {approx}10 M{sub Earth} (2{sigma}). HD 179070 is the brightest exoplanet host star yet discovered by Kepler.

  18. Pulsational line profile variation of the roAp star HR 3831

    CERN Document Server

    Kochukhov, O

    2005-01-01

    We report the first comprehensive investigation of the line profile variation caused by non-radial pulsation in a magnetic oscillating chemically peculiar star. Spectrum variation of the well-known roAp star HR 3831 is detected using very high-resolution high signal-to-noise spectroscopic time-series observations and are followed through the whole rotation cycle of the star. We confirm outstanding diversity of pulsational behaviour of different lines in the HR 3831 spectrum and attribute this phenomenon to an interplay between extreme vertical chemical inhomogeneity of the HR 3831 atmosphere and a running pulsation wave, propagating towards the upper photospheric layers with increasing amplitude. Rapid profile variation of the NdIII 6145 A line is characterized by measuring changes of its equivalent width and the first three moments. We demonstrate that rotational modulation of the radial velocity oscillations cannot be fully explained by an oblique axisymmetric dipole (ell=1, m=0) mode, implied by the classi...

  19. The dramatic change of the fossil magnetic field of HD 190073: evidence of the birth of the convective core in a Herbig star ?

    OpenAIRE

    Alecian, E.; Neiner, C.; Mathis, S.; Catala, C.; Kochukhov, O.; Landstreet, J.; collaboration, the MiMeS

    2013-01-01

    In the context of the ESPaDOnS and Narval spectropolarimetric surveys of Herbig Ae/Be stars, we discovered and then monitored the magnetic field of HD 190073 over more than four years, from 2004 to 2009. Our observations all displayed similar Zeeman signatures in the Stokes V spectra, indicating that HD 190073 hosted an aligned dipole, stable over many years, consistent with a fossil origin. We obtained new observations of the star in 2011 and 2012 and detected clear variations of the Zeeman ...

  20. HD 85567: A Herbig B[e] star or an interacting B[e] binary

    CERN Document Server

    Wheelwright, H E; Garatti, A Caratti o; Lopez, R Garcia

    2013-01-01

    Context. HD 85567 is an enigmatic object exhibiting the B[e] phenomenon, i.e. an infrared excess and forbidden emission lines in the optical. The object's evolutionary status is uncertain and there are conflicting claims that it is either a young stellar object or an evolved, interacting binary. Aims. To elucidate the reason for the B[e] behaviour of HD 85567, we have observed it with the VLTI and AMBER. Methods. Our observations were conducted in the K-band with moderate spectral resolution (R~1500, i.e. 200 km/s). The spectrum of HD 85567 exhibits Br gamma and CO overtone bandhead emission. The interferometric data obtained consist of spectrally dispersed visibilities, closure phases and differential phases across these spectral features and the K-band continuum. Results. The closure phase observations do not reveal evidence of asymmetry. The apparent size of HD 85567 in the K-band was determined by fitting the visibilities with a ring model. The best fitting radius, 0.8 +/- 0.3 AU, is relatively small maki...

  1. Spectroscopy of the post-AGB star HD 101584 (IRAS 11385-5517)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sivarani, T; Parthasarathy, M; Garcia-Lario, P; Manchado, A; Pottasch, [No Value

    1999-01-01

    From an analysis of the spectrum (4000 Angstrom to 8800 Angstrom) of HD 101584 it is found that most of the neutral and single ionized metallic lines are in emission. The forbidden emission lines of [OI] 6300 Angstrom and 6363 Angstrom and [CI] 8727 Angstrom are detected, which indicate the presence

  2. Investigating the spectroscopic, magnetic and circumstellar variability of the O9 subgiant star HD 57682

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    J.H. Grunhut; G.A. Wade; J.O. Sundqvist; A. ud-Doula; C. Neiner; R. Ignace; W.L.F. Marcolino; T. Rivinius; A. Fullerton; L. Kaper; B. Mauclaire; C. Buil; T. Garrel; J. Ribeiro; S. Ubaud

    2012-01-01

    The O9IV star HD 57682, discovered to be magnetic within the context of the Magnetism in Massive Stars (MiMeS) survey in 2009, is one of only eight convincingly detected magnetic O-type stars. Among this select group, it stands out due to its sharp-lined photospheric spectrum. Since its discovery, t

  3. Planetary Companions to Evolved Intermediate-Mass Stars: 14 Andromedae, 81 Ceti, 6 Lyncis, and HD 167042

    CERN Document Server

    Sato, Bun'ei; Omiya, Masashi; Izumiura, Hideyuki; Kambe, Eiji; Masuda, Seiji; Takeda, Yoichi; Itoh, Yoichi; Ando, Hiroyasu; Yoshida, Michitoshi; Kokubo, Eiichiro; Ida, Shigeru

    2008-01-01

    We report on the detection of four extrasolar planets orbiting evolved intermediate-mass stars from a precise Doppler survey of G and K giants at Okayama Astrophysical Observatory. All of the host stars are considered to be formerly early F-type or A-type dwarfs when they were on the main sequence. 14 And (K0 III) is a clump giant with a mass of 2.2 M_solar and has a planet of minimum mass m_2sin i=4.8 M_Jup in a nearly circular orbit with a 186 day period. This is one of the innermost planets around evolved intermediate-mass stars and such planets have only been discovered in clump giants. 81 Cet (G5 III) is a clump giant with 2.4 M_solar hosting a planet of m_2sin i=5.3 M_Jup in a 953 day orbit with an eccentricity of e=0.21. 6 Lyn (K0 IV) is a less evolved subgiant with 1.7 M_solar and has a planet of m_2sin i=2.4 M_Jup in a 899 day orbit with e=0.13. HD 167042 (K1 IV) is also a less evolved star with 1.5 M_solar hosting a planet of m_2sin i=1.6 M_Jup in a 418 day orbit with e=0.10. This planet was indepen...

  4. Weak magnetic fields in Ap/Bp stars: Evidence for a dipole field lower limit and a tentative interpretation of the magnetic dichotomy

    OpenAIRE

    Auriere, M.; Wade, G. A.; Silvester, J.; Lignieres, F.; Bagnulo, S.; Bale, K.; Dintrans, B.; Donati, J. F.; Folsom, C. P.; Gruberbauer, M.; Hoa, A. Hui Bon; Jeffers, S.; Johnson, N.; Landstreet, J. D.; Lebre, A.

    2007-01-01

    We have investigated a sample of 28 well-known spectroscopically-identified magnetic Ap/Bp stars, with weak, poorly-determined or previously undetected magnetic fields, with the aim of exploring the weak part of the magnetic field distribution of Ap/Bp stars. Using the MuSiCoS and NARVAL spectropolarimeters we have obtained 282 LSD Stokes V signatures of our 28 sample stars. All stars were detected, showing clearly that when observed with sufficient precision, all firmly classified Ap/Bp star...

  5. B fields in OB stars (BOB): Detection of a strong magnetic field in the O9.7 V star HD54879

    CERN Document Server

    Castro, N; Hubrig, S; Simón-Díaz, S; Schöller, M; Ilyin, I; Carrol, T A; Langer, N; Morel, T; Schneider, F R N; Przybilla, N; Herrero, A; de Koter, A; Oskinova, L M; Reisenegger, A; Sana, H

    2015-01-01

    The number of magnetic stars detected among massive stars is small; nevertheless, the role played by the magnetic field in stellar evolution cannot be disregarded. Links between line profile variability, enhancements/depletions of surface chemical abundances, and magnetic fields have been identified for low-mass B-stars, but for the O-type domain this is almost unexplored. Based on FORS2 and HARPS spectropolarimetric data, we present the first detection of a magnetic field in HD54879, a single slowly rotating O9.7 V star. Using two independent and different techniques we obtained the firm detection of a surface average longitudinal magnetic field with a maximum amplitude of about 600 G, in modulus. A quantitative spectroscopic analysis of the star with the stellar atmosphere code FASTWIND results in an effective temperature and a surface gravity of 33000$\\pm1000$ K and 4.0$\\pm0.1$ dex. The abundances of carbon, nitrogen, oxygen, silicon, and magnesium are found to be slightly lower than solar, but compatible ...

  6. The magnetic field of the hot spectroscopic binary HD5550

    OpenAIRE

    Neiner, C.; Alecian, E.; collaboration, the BinaMIcS

    2015-01-01

    HD5550 is a spectroscopic binary composed of two A stars observed with Narval at TBL in the frame of the BinaMIcS (Binarity and Magnetic Interactions in various classes of Stars) Large Program. One component of the system is found to be an Ap star with a surprisingly weak dipolar field of ~65 G. The companion is an Am star for which no magnetic field is detected, with a detection threshold on the dipolar field of ~40 G. The system is tidally locked, the primary component is synchronised with ...

  7. Benchmark stars for Gaia: fundamental properties of the Population II star HD140283 from interferometric, spectroscopic and photometric data

    CERN Document Server

    Creevey, O; Berio, P; Heiter, U; von Braun, K; Mourard, D; Bigot, L; Boyajian, T S; Kervella, P; Morel, P; Pichon, B; Chiavassa, A; Nardetto, N; Perraut, K; Meilland, A; Alister, H A Mc; Brummelaar, T A ten; Sturmann, C Farrington J; Sturmann, L; Turner, N

    2014-01-01

    [..abridged.] We determined the fundamental properties of HD 140283 by obtaining new interferometric and spectroscopic measurements and combining them with photometry from the literature. The interferometric measurements were obtained using the visible interferometer VEGA on the CHARA array and we determined a 1D limb-darkened angular diameter of 0.353 +/- 0.013 milliarcseconds. Using photometry from the literature we derived the bolometric flux with two solutions: a zero-reddening one of Fbol = 3.890 +/- 0.066 1E-8 erg/s/cm2 and a solution with a maximum of Av = 0.1 mag, Fbol= 4.220 +/- 0.067 1E-8 erg/s/cm2. The interferometric Teff is thus 5534 +/- 103 K or 5647 +/- 105 K and its radius is R = 2.21 +/- 0.08 Rsol. Spectroscopic measurements of HD140283 were obtained using HARPS, NARVAL, and UVES and a 1D LTE analysis of H-alpha line wings yields Teff(Halpha) = 5626 +/- 75 K. Using fine-tuned stellar models including diffusion of elements we then determined the mass M and age t of HD140283. Once the metallici...

  8. High-Resolution Spectroscopy of the Metal-Poor Star HD 187216

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barzdis, A.; Začs, L.; Galazutdinov, G.

    Abundance analysis of the metal-poor, carbon-rich giant HD 187216 using high-resolution (R ≈ 45 000) spectrum was performed. An LTE abundance analysis was done for carefully selected clean atomic lines, using the Uppsala atmospheric model with Teff = 4000 K, log g = 0.75, ξt = 2.8 km s-1 and [Z] = --2.0. The mean metallicity [Fe/H] = --1.7 derived by using singly ionized iron lines is much higher than previously believed. It seems likely that Fe I lines, like many other neutral atomic lines, suffer from non-LTE effects that are significant at low metallicity and gravity. The abundances of the neutron capture elements are found to be enhanced by about 1.3 dex relative to the iron group elements. Possible causes of chemical peculiarities of HD 187216 are discussed.

  9. Stokes IQUV mapping of α2 CVn & other Ap stars using ESPaDOnS and NARVAL

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silvester, J.; Kochukhov, O.; Wade, G. A.

    2013-12-01

    New spectral line polarisation observations of 7 bright Ap stars have been obtained with the ESPaDOnS and Narval high resolution spectropolarimeters (Silvester et al. 2012). The aim of this data set is produce a series of surface magnetic field and surface chemistry maps for these Ap stars. We present new magnetic maps for the Ap star α2 CVn using these new data and the MDI inversion code INVERS10. α2 CVn is the first Ap star to be observed during two separate epochs using high resolution phase resolved spectropolarimetric IQUV observations and as such allows us an insight into how stable the surface magnetic structure is over a decade timescale. We show that the new maps give a magnetic field structure consistent with the previous maps obtained by Kochukhov and Wade (2010) from lower quality MuSiCoS spectra taken a decade ago and that the field topology cannot be described by a dipolar or quadrupolar field.

  10. Stokes IQUV mapping of $\\alpha^2$ CVn & other Ap stars using ESPaDOnS and NARVAL

    CERN Document Server

    Silvester, J; Wade, G A

    2013-01-01

    New spectral line polarisation observations of 7 bright Ap stars have been obtained with the ESPaDOnS and Narval high resolution spectropolarimeters (Silvester et al. 2012). The aim of this data set is produce a series of surface magnetic field and surface chemistry maps for these Ap stars. We present new magnetic maps for the Ap star $\\alpha^2$ CVn using these new data and the MDI inversion code INVERS10. $\\alpha^2$ CVn is the first Ap star to be observed during two separate epochs using high resolution phase resolved spectropolarimetric $IQUV$ observations and as such allows us an insight into how stable the surface magnetic structure is over a decade timescale. We show that the new maps give a magnetic field structure consistent with the previous maps obtained by Kochukhov and Wade (2010) from lower quality MuSiCoS spectra taken a decade ago and that the field topology cannot be described by a dipolar or quadrupolar field.

  11. The circumstellar shell of the post-AGB star HD 56126 the $^{12}CN\\/^{13}CN$ isotope ratio and fractionation

    CERN Document Server

    Bakker, E J; Bakker, Eric J.; Lambert, David L.

    1997-01-01

    We have detected circumstellar absorption lines of the $^{12}$CN and $^{13}$CN Violet and Red System in the spectrum of the post-AGB star HD~56126. From a synthetic spectrum analysis, we derive a Doppler broadening parameter of $b=0.51\\pm0.04$ km~s$^{-1}$, $^{12}$CN/$^{13}$CN$=38\\pm2$, and a lower limit of $2000$ on $^{12}$CN/$^{14}$CN and $^{12}$C$^{14}$N/$^{12}$C$^{15}$N. A simple chemical model has been computed of the circumstellar shell surrounding HD~56126 that takes into account the gas-phase ion-molecule reaction between CN and C$^{+}$. From this we infer that this reaction leads to isotopic fractionation of CN. Taking into account the isotopic exchange reaction and the observed $^{12}$CN/$^{13}$CN we find $^{12}$C/$^{13}$C$\\sim 67$ (for $T_{\\rm kin}=25$ K). Our analysis suggests that $^{12}$CN has a somewhat higher rotational temperature than $^{13}$CN: $T_{\\rm rot}=11.5\\pm0.6$ and $8.0\\pm0.6$ K respectively. We identify possible causes for this difference in excitation temperature, among which the $...

  12. Thorium-rich halo star HD221170: further evidence against the universality of the r-process

    CERN Document Server

    Yushchenko, A V; Goriely, S; Musaev, F; Shavrina, A; Kim, C; Kang, Y W; Kuznetsova, J; Yushchenko, V; Yushchenko, Alexander; Gopka, Vera; Goriely, Stephane; Musaev, Faig; Shavrina, Angelina; Kim, Chulhee; Kang, Young Woon; Kuznietsova, Juliana; Yushchenko, Vladimir

    2004-01-01

    We report the abundance determination in the atmosphere of the bright halo star HD221170. The spectra were taken with the Terskol Observatory's 2.0-m telescope with a resolution R=45000 and signal-to-noise ratio up to 250 in the wavelength region 3638-10275 \\AA. The adopted atmospheric parameters correspond to an effective temperature \\Tef=4475 K, a surface gravity \\lgg=1.0, a microturbulent velocity \\vmi=1.7 \\kms, and a macroturbulent velocity \\vma=4 \\kms. The abundances of 43 chemical elements were determined with the method of spectrum synthesis. The large overabundances (by 1 dex relative to iron) of elements with Z$>38$ are shown to follow the same pattern as the solar r-abundances. The present HD221170 analysis confirms the non-universality of the r-process, or more exactly the observation that the astrophysical sites hosting the r-process do not always lead to a unique relative abundance distribution for the bulk Ba to Hg elements, the Pb-peak elements, and the actinides.

  13. Know the Star, Know the Planet. V. Characterization of the Stellar Companion to the Exoplanet Host HD 177830

    CERN Document Server

    Roberts, Lewis C; Crepp, Justin R; Baranec, Christoph; Beichman, Charles; Brenner, Douglas; Burruss, Rick; Cady, Eric; Luszcz-Cook, Statia; Dekany, Richard; Hillenbrand, Lynne; Hinkley, Sasha; King, David; Lockhart, Thomas G; Nilsson, Ricky; Parry, Ian R; Pueyo, Laurent; Sivaramakrishnan, Anand; Soummer, Remi; Rice, Emily L; Veicht, Aaron; Vasisht, Gautam; Zhai, Chengxing; Zimmerman, Neil T

    2015-01-01

    HD 177830 is an evolved K0IV star with two known exoplanets. In addition to the planetary companions it has a late-type stellar companion discovered with adaptive optics imagery. We observed the binary star system with the PHARO near-IR camera and the Project 1640 coronagraph. Using the Project 1640 coronagraph and integral field spectrograph we extracted a spectrum of the stellar companion. This allowed us to determine that the spectral type of the stellar companion is a M4$\\pm$1V. We used both instruments to measure the astrometry of the binary system. Combining these data with published data, we determined that the binary star has a likely period of approximately 800 years with a semi-major axis of 100-200 AU. This implies that the stellar companion has had little or no impact on the dynamics of the exoplanets. The astrometry of the system should continue to be monitored, but due to the slow nature of the system, observations can be made once every 5-10 years.

  14. Relating jet structure to photometric variability: the Herbig Ae star HD 163296

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    L.E. Ellerbroek; L. Podio; C. Dougados; S. Cabrit; M.L. Sitko; H. Sana; L. Kaper; A. de Koter; P.D. Klaassen; G.D. Mulders; I. Mendigutía; C.A. Grady; K. Grankin; H. van Winckel; F. Bacciotti; R.W. Russell; D.K. Lynch; H.B. Hammel; L.C. Beerman; A.N. Day; D.M. Huelsman; C. Werren; A. Henden; J. Grindlay

    2014-01-01

    Herbig Ae/Be stars are intermediate-mass pre-main sequence stars surrounded by circumstellar dust disks. Some are observed to produce jets, whose appearance as a sequence of shock fronts (knots) suggests a past episodic outflow variability. This "jet fossil record" can be used to reconstruct the out

  15. The CoRoT target HD 175726: an active star with weak solar-like oscillations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mosser, B.; Michel, E.; Appourchaux, T.; Barban, C.; Baudin, F.; Boumier, P.; Bruntt, H.; Catala, C.; Deheuvels, S.; García, R. A.; Gaulme, P.; Regulo, C.; Roxburgh, I.; Samadi, R.; Verner, G.; Auvergne, M.; Baglin, A.; Ballot, J.; Benomar, O.; Mathur, S.

    2009-10-01

    Context: The CoRoT short runs give us the opportunity to observe a large variety of late-type stars through their solar-like oscillations. We report observations of the star HD 175726 that lasted for 27 days during the first short run of the mission. The time series reveals a high-activity signal and the power spectrum presents an excess due to solar-like oscillations with a low signal-to-noise ratio. Aims: Our aim is to identify the most efficient tools to extract as much information as possible from the power density spectrum. Methods: The most productive method appears to be the autocorrelation of the time series, calculated as the spectrum of the filtered spectrum. This method is efficient, very rapid computationally, and will be useful for the analysis of other targets, observed with CoRoT or with forthcoming missions such as Kepler and Plato. Results: The mean large separation has been measured to be 97.2±0.5 μHz, slightly below the expected value determined from solar scaling laws. We also show strong evidence for variation of the large separation with frequency. The bolometric mode amplitude is only 1.7±0.25 ppm for radial modes, which is 1.7 times less than expected. Due to the low signal-to-noise ratio, mode identification is not possible for the available data set of HD 175726. The CoRoT space mission, launched on 2006 December 27, was developed and is operated by the CNES, with participation of the Science Programs of ESA, ESAs RSSD, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Germany and Spain.

  16. REVEALING THE ASYMMETRY OF THE WIND OF THE VARIABLE WOLF-RAYET STAR WR1 (HD 4004) THROUGH SPECTROPOLARIZATION

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this paper, high quality spectropolarimetric observations of the Wolf-Rayet (WR) star WR1 (HD 4004) obtained with ESPaDOnS at the Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope are presented. All major emission lines present in the spectrum show depolarization in the relative Stokes parameters Q/I and U/I. From the behavior of the amount of line depolarization as a function of line strength, the intrinsic continuum light polarization of WR1 is estimated to be P/I = 0.443% ± 0.028% with an angle of θ = –26.°2. Although such a level of polarization could in principle be caused by a wind flattened by fast rotation, the scenario in which it is a consequence of the presence of corotating interaction regions (CIRs) in the wind is preferred. This is supported by previous photometric and spectroscopic observations showing periodic variations with a period of 16.9 days. This is now the third WR star thought to exhibit CIRs in its wind that is found to have line depolarization. Previous authors have found a strong correlation between line depolarization and the presence of an ejected nebula, which they interpret as a sign that the star has relatively recently reached the WR phase since the nebula are thought to dissipate very fast. In cases where the presence of CIRs in the wind is favored to explain the depolarization across spectral lines, the above-mentioned correlation may indicate that those massive stars have only very recently transited from the previous evolutionary phase to the WR phase

  17. VizieR Online Data Catalog: Abundances of metal-poor star HD 94028 (Roederer+, 2016)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roederer, I. U.; Karakas, A. I.; Pignatari, M.; Herwig, F.

    2016-06-01

    We use two NUV spectroscopic data sets of HD 94028 available in the Mikulski Archive for Space Telescopes. These observations were made using STIS on board the HST. One spectrum (data sets O5CN01-03, GO-8197, PI. Duncan) has very high spectral resolution (R~110000). This spectrum covers ~1885-2147Å with signal-to-noise ratios (S/N)35/1 per pixel near 2140Å. The other spectrum (data sets O56D06-07, GO-7402, PI. Peterson) has high spectral resolution (R~30000). This spectrum covers 2280-3117Å with S/N ranging from ~20 near 2300Å to ~40 near 3100Å. Roederer et al. (2014, J/AJ/147/136) derived abundances from an optical spectrum of HD 94028 taken using the Robert G. Tull Coude Spectrograph on the Harlan J. Smith Telescope at McDonald Observatory, Texas. We rederive abundances from this spectrum. We also use an optical spectrum taken with the Ultraviolet and Visual Echelle Spectrograph (UVES) on the Very Large Telescope (VLT) Kueyen at Cerro Paranal, Chile. We obtained this spectrum from the ESO Science Archive. This spectrum covers 3050-3860Å at R~37000 with S/N ranging from ~40 near 3200Å to ~130 near 3800Å. (3 data files).

  18. HD 164492C: a rapidly-rotating, H$\\alpha$-bright, magnetic early B star associated with a 12.5d spectroscopic binary

    CERN Document Server

    Wade, G A; Sikora, J; Bernier, M -É; Rivinius, Th; Alecian, E; Petit, V; Grunhut, J H

    2016-01-01

    We employ high resolution spectroscopy and spectropolarimetry to derive the physical properties and magnetic characteristics of the multiple system HD 164492C, located in the young open cluster M20. The spectrum reveals evidence of 3 components: a broad-lined early B star (HD 164492C1), a narrow-lined early B star (HD 164492C2), and a late B star (HD 164492C3). Components C2 and C3 exhibit significant ($>100$ km/s) bulk radial velocity variations with a period of $12.5351(7)$ d that we attribute to eccentric binary motion around a common centre-of-mass. Component C1 exhibits no detectable radial velocity variations. Using constraints derived from modeling the orbit of the C2+C3 binary and from synthesis of the combined spectrum, we determine the approximate physical characteristics of the components. We conclude that a coherent evolutionary solution consistent with the published age of M20 implies a distance to the system of $0.9\\pm 0.2$ kpc, corresponding to the smallest published values. We confirm the dete...

  19. Spectroscopic study of the HgMn star HD 49606: the quest for binarity, abundance stratifications and magnetic field

    Science.gov (United States)

    Catanzaro, G.; Giarrusso, M.; Leone, F.; Munari, M.; Scalia, C.; Sparacello, E.; Scuderi, S.

    2016-08-01

    In this paper, we present a multi-instrument analysis of the mercury-manganese star HD 49606. New spectroscopic observations have been obtained by us with Catania Astrophysical Observatory Spectropolarimeter (CAOS@OAC) and High Accuracy Radial Velocity Planet Searcher-North@Telescopio Nazionale Galileo (HARPS-N@TNG). Combining these observations with archive data coming from other instruments, we performed a comprehensive analysis of this star. We highlight the motion around the centre of mass of a binary system of SB1 type, and we calculate the fundamental parameters characterizing its orbit. We also speculate on the nature of the unseen component. From the fit of H β and H γ, we determined the effective temperature and gravity, while from a number of metal lines, we derive the rotational and microturbulent velocities. Regarding chemical composition, we found underabundances of helium, oxygen, magnesium, sulfur and nickel, solar composition for carbon and overabundances for all the other elements. In particular, mercury abundance is derived taking into account an isotopic mixture different from the terrestrial one. As to magnesium, silicon and phosphorus, we found a non-constant abundance with the optical depth, a result currently considered an evidence of stratification. Spectropolarimetric observations have been performed in the attempt to highlight the presence of a magnetic field, but no detection has been found.

  20. NIR Spectroscopy of the HAeBe Star HD 100546: III. Further Evidence of an Orbiting Companion?

    CERN Document Server

    Brittain, Sean D; Najita, Joan R; Quanz, Sascha P; Meyer, Michael R

    2014-01-01

    We report high resolution NIR spectroscopy of CO and OH emission from the Herbig Be star HD100546. We discuss how our results bear striking resemblance to several theoretically predicted signposts of giant planet formation. The properties of the CO and OH emission lines are consistent with our earlier interpretation that these diagnostics provide indirect evidence for a companion that orbits the star close to the disk wall (at ~13au). The asymmetry of the OH spectral line profiles and their lack of time variability are consistent with emission from gas in an eccentric orbit at the disk wall that is approximately stationary in the inertial frame. The time variable spectroastrometric properties of the CO v=1-0 emission line point to an orbiting source of CO emission with an emitting area similar to that expected for a circumplanetary disk (~0.1au^2) assuming the CO emission is optically thick. We also consider a counterhypothesis to this interpretation, namely that the variable CO emission arises from a bright ...

  1. The CoRoT target HD175726: an active star with weak solar-like oscillations

    CERN Document Server

    Mosser, B; Appourchaux, T; Barban, C; Baudin, F; Boumier, P; Bruntt, H; Catala, C; Deheuvels, S; García, R A; Gaulme, P; Regulo, C; Roxburgh, I; Samadi, R; Verner, G; Auvergne, M; Baglin, A; Ballot, J; Benomar, O; Mathur, S

    2009-01-01

    Context. The CoRoT short runs give us the opportunity to observe a large variety of late-type stars through their solar-like oscillations. We report observations of the star HD175726 that lasted for 27 days during the first short run of the mission. The time series reveals a high-activity signal and the power spectrum presents an excess due to solar-like oscillations with a low signal-to-noise ratio. Aims. Our aim is to identify the most efficient tools to extract as much information as possible from the power density spectrum. Methods. The most productive method appears to be the autocorrelation of the time series, calculated as the spectrum of the filtered spectrum. This method is efficient, very rapid computationally, and will be useful for the analysis of other targets, observed with CoRoT or with forthcoming missions such as Kepler and Plato. Results. The mean large separation has been measured to be 97.2+-0.5 microHz, slightly below the expected value determined from solar scaling laws.We also show stro...

  2. ALMA observations of the molecular gas in the debris disk of the 30 Myr old star HD 21997

    CERN Document Server

    Kóspál, Á; Juhász, A; Ábrahám, P; Apai, D; Csengeri, T; Grady, C A; Henning, Th; Hughes, A M; Kiss, Cs; Pascucci, I; Schmalzl, M

    2013-01-01

    The 30 Myr old A3-type star HD 21997 is one of the two known debris dust disks having a measurable amount of cold molecular gas. With the goal of understanding the physical state, origin, and evolution of the gas in young debris disks, we obtained CO line observations with the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA). Here we report on the detection of 12CO and 13CO in the J=2-1 and J=3-2 transitions and C18O in the J=2-1 line. The gas exhibits a Keplerian velocity curve, one of the few direct measurements of Keplerian rotation in young debris disks. The measured CO brightness distribution could be reproduced by a simple star+disk system, whose parameters are r_in < 26 AU, r_out = 138 +/- 20 AU, M_*=1.8 +0.5 -0.2 M_Sun, and i = 32.6 +/- 3.1 degrees. The total CO mass, as calculated from the optically thin C18O line, is about (4-8) x 10^-2 M_Earth, while the CO line ratios suggest a radiation temperature on the order of 6-9 K. Comparing our results with those obtained for the dust component of th...

  3. Revealing the Asymmetry of the Wind of the Variable Wolf-Rayet Star WR1 (HD4004) Through Spectropolarization

    CERN Document Server

    St-Louis, Nicole

    2013-01-01

    In this paper, high quality spectropolarimetric observations of the Wolf-Rayet (WR) Star WR1 (HD4004) obtained with ESPaDOnS at CFHT are presented. All major emission lines present in the spectrum show depolarization in the relative Stokes parameters Q/I and U/I. From the behaviour of the amount of line depolarization as a function of line strength, the intrinsic continuum light polarization of WR1 is estimated to be P/I=0.443 \\pm 0.028 % with an angle of \\theta=-26.2^o. Although such a level of polarization could in principle be caused by a wind flattened by fast rotation, the scenario in which it is a consequence of the presence in the wind of Corotating Interaction Regions (CIRs) is preferred. This is supported by previous photometric and spectroscopic observations showing periodic variations with a period of 16.9 days. This is now the third WR star thought to exhibit CIRs in its wind that is found to have line depolarization. Previous authors have found a strong correlation between line depolarization and...

  4. The surface magnetic field and chemical abundance distributions of the B2V helium-strong star HD184927

    CERN Document Server

    Yakunin, I; Bohlender, D; Kochukhov, O; Marcolino, W; Shultz, M; Monin, D; Grunhut, J; Sitnova, T; Tsymbal, V

    2014-01-01

    A new time series of high-resolution Stokes I and V spectra of the magnetic B2V star HD 184927 has been obtained in the context of the Magnetism in Massive Stars (MiMeS) Large Program with the ESPaDOnS spectropolarimeter at the Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope and dimaPol liquid crystal spectropolarimeter at 1.8-m telescope of Dominion Astrophysical Observatory. We model the optical and UV spectrum obtained from the IUE archive to infer the stellar physical parameters. Using magnetic field measurements we derive an improved rotational period of 9.53102+-0.0007d. We infer the longitudinal magnetic field from lines of H, He and various metals, revealing large differences between the apparent field strength variations determined from different elements. Magnetic Doppler Imaging using He and O lines yields strongly nonuniform surface distributions of these elements. We demonstrate that the diversity of longitudinal field variations can be understood as due to the combination of element-specific surface abundance di...

  5. An interferometric-spectroscopic orbit for the binary HD 195987 Testing models of stellar evolution for metal-poor stars

    CERN Document Server

    Torres, G; Latham, D W; Pan, M; Stefanik, R P; Torres, Guillermo; Boden, Andrew F.; Latham, David W.; Pan, Margaret; Stefanik, Robert P.

    2002-01-01

    We report spectroscopic and interferometric observations of the moderately metal-poor double-lined binary system HD 195987, with an orbital period of 57.3 days. By combining our radial-velocity and visibility measurements we determine the orbital elements and derive absolute masses for the components of M(A) = 0.844 +/- 0.018 Msun and M(B) = 0.6650 +/- 0.0079 Msun, with relative errors of 2% and 1%, respectively. We also determine the orbital parallax, pi(orb) = 46.08 +/- 0.27 mas, corresponding to a distance of 21.70 +/- 0.13 pc. The parallax and the measured brightness difference between the stars in V, H, and K yield the component absolute magnitudes in those bands. We also estimate the effective temperatures of the stars as Teff(A) = 5200 +/- 100 K and Teff(B) = 4200 +/- 200 K. Together with detailed chemical abundance analyses from the literature giving [Fe/H] approximately -0.5 (corrected for binarity) and [alpha/Fe] = +0.36, we use these physical properties to test current models of stellar evolution f...

  6. A dominant magnetic dipole for the evolved Ap star candidate EK Eridani

    CERN Document Server

    Auriere, M; Petit, P; Roudier, T; Donati, J -F; Charbonnel, C; Dintrans, B; Lignieres, F; Wade, G A; Morgenthaler, A; Tsvetkova, S

    2011-01-01

    EK Eri is one of the most slowly rotating active giants known, and has been proposed to be the descendant of a strongly magnetic Ap star. We have performed a spectropolarimetric study of EK Eri over 4 photometric periods with the aim of inferring the topology of its magnetic field. We used the NARVAL spectropolarimeter at the Bernard Lyot telescope at the Pic du Midi Observatory, along with the least-squares deconvolution method, to extract high signal-to-noise ratio Stokes V profiles from a timeseries of 28 polarisation spectra. We have derived the surface-averaged longitudinal magnetic field Bl. We fit the Stokes V profiles with a model of the large-scale magnetic field and obtained Zeeman Doppler images of the surface magnetic strength and geometry. Bl variations of up to about 80 G are observed without any reversal of its sign, and which are in phase with photometric ephemeris. The activity indicators are shown to vary smoothly on a timescale compatible with the rotational period inferred from photometry ...

  7. The dramatic change of the fossil magnetic field of HD 190073: evidence of the birth of the convective core in a Herbig star?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alecian, E.; Neiner, C.; Mathis, S.; Catala, C.; Kochukhov, O.; Landstreet, J.

    2013-01-01

    In the context of the ESPaDOnS and Narval spectropolarimetric surveys of Herbig Ae/Be stars, we discovered and then monitored the magnetic field of HD 190073 over more than four years, from 2004 to 2009. Our observations all displayed similar Zeeman signatures in the Stokes V spectra, indicating that HD 190073 hosted an aligned dipole, stable over many years, consistent with a fossil origin. We obtained new observations of the star in 2011 and 2012 and detected clear variations of the Zeeman signature on timescales of days to weeks, indicating that the configuration of its field has changed between 2009 and 2011. Such a sudden change of external structure of a fossil field has never previously been observed in any intermediate or high-mass star. HD 190073 is an almost entirely radiative pre-main sequence star, probably hosting a growing convective core. We propose that this dramatic change is the result of the interaction between the fossil field and the ignition of a dynamo field generated in the newly-born convective core. Based on observations collected at the Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope (CFHT) which is operated by the National Research Council of Canada, the Institut National des Sciences de l'Univers (INSU) of the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS) of France and the University of Hawaii, at the Observatoire du Pic du Midi (France), operated by INSU, and at the European Southern Observatory, Chile (Program ID 187.D-0917).

  8. The dramatic change of the fossil magnetic field of HD 190073: evidence of the birth of the convective core in a Herbig star ?

    CERN Document Server

    Alecian, E; Mathis, S; Catala, C; Kochukhov, O; Landstreet, J

    2013-01-01

    In the context of the ESPaDOnS and Narval spectropolarimetric surveys of Herbig Ae/Be stars, we discovered and then monitored the magnetic field of HD 190073 over more than four years, from 2004 to 2009. Our observations all displayed similar Zeeman signatures in the Stokes V spectra, indicating that HD 190073 hosted an aligned dipole, stable over many years, consistent with a fossil origin. We obtained new observations of the star in 2011 and 2012 and detected clear variations of the Zeeman signature on timescales of days to weeks, indicating that the configuration of its field has changed between 2009 and 2011. Such a sudden change of external structure of a fossil field has never previously been observed in any intermediate or high-mass star. HD 190073 is an almost entirely radiative pre-main sequence star, probably hosting a growing convective core. We propose that this dramatic change is the result of the interaction between the fossil field and the ignition of a dynamo field generated in the newly-born ...

  9. The origin of the excess transit absorption in the HD 189733 system: planet or star?

    CERN Document Server

    Barnes, J R; Staab, D; Anglada-Escudé, G

    2016-01-01

    We have detected excess absorption in the emission cores of Ca II H & K during transits of HD 189733b for the first time. Using observations of three transits we investigate the origin of the absorption, which is also seen in H{\\alpha} and the Na I D lines. Applying differential spectrophotometry methods to the Ca II H and Ca II K lines combined, using respective passband widths of {\\Delta}{\\lambda} = 0.4 & 0.6 $\\AA$ yields excess absorption of t$_d$ = 0.0074 $\\pm$ 0.0044 (1.7{\\sigma}; Transit 1) and 0.0214 +/- 0.0022 (9.8{\\sigma}; Transit 2). Similarly, we detect excess H{\\alpha} absorption in a passband of width {\\Delta}{\\lambda} = 0.7 $\\AA$, with t$_d$ = 0.0084 $\\pm$ 0.0016 (5.2{\\sigma}) and 0.0121 $\\pm$ 0.0012 (9.9{\\sigma}). For both lines, Transit 2 is thus significantly deeper. Combining all three transits for the Na I D lines yields excess absorption of t$_d$ = 0.0041 $\\pm$ 0.0006 (6.5{\\sigma}). By considering the time series observations of each line, we find that the excess apparent absorptio...

  10. Conditions for HD Cooling in the First Galaxies Revisited: Interplay between Far-Ultraviolet and Cosmic Ray Feedback in Population III Star Formation

    CERN Document Server

    Nakauchi, Daisuke; Omukai, Kazuyuki

    2014-01-01

    HD dominates the cooling of primordial clouds with enhanced ionization, e.g. shock-heated clouds in structure formation or supernova remnants, relic HII regions of Pop III stars, and clouds with cosmic-ray (CR) irradiation. There, the temperature decreases to several 10 K and the characteristic stellar mass decreases to $\\sim 10\\ {\\rm M}_{\\odot}$, in contrast with first stars formed from undisturbed pristine clouds ($\\sim 100\\ {\\rm M}_{\\odot}$). However, without CR irradiation, even weak far ultra-violet (FUV) irradiation suppresses HD formation/cooling. Here, we examine conditions for HD cooling in primordial clouds including both FUV and CR feedback. At the beginning of collapse, the shock-compressed gas cools with its density increasing, while the relic HII region gas cools at a constant density. Moreover, shocks tend to occur in denser environments than HII regions. Owing to the higher column density and the more effective shielding, the critical FUV intensity for HD cooling in a shock-compressed gas beco...

  11. Magnetic fields and differential rotation on the pre-main sequence I: The early-G star HD 141943 - brightness and magnetic topologies

    CERN Document Server

    Marsden, S C; Vélez, J C Ramírez; Alecian, E; Brown, C J; Carter, B D; Donati, J F; Dunstone, N; Hart, R; Semel, M; Waite, I A

    2011-01-01

    Spectroscopic and spectropolarimetric observations of the pre-main sequence early-G star HD 141943 were obtained at four observing epochs (in 2006, 2007, 2009 and 2010). The observations were undertaken at the 3.9-m Anglo-Australian Telescope using the UCLES echelle spectrograph and the SEMPOL spectropolarimeter visitor instrument. Brightness and surface magnetic field topologies were reconstructed for the star using the technique of least-squares deconvolution to increase the signal-to-noise of the data. The reconstructed brightness maps show that HD 141943 had a weak polar spot and a significant amount of low latitude features, with little change in the latitude distribution of the spots over the 4 years of observations. The surface magnetic field was reconstructed at three of the epochs from a high order (l <= 30) spherical harmonic expansion of the spectropolarimetric observations. The reconstructed magnetic topologies show that in 2007 and 2010 the surface magnetic field was reasonably balanced betwee...

  12. The origin of the excess transit absorption in the HD 189733 system: planet or star?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barnes, J. R.; Haswell, C. A.; Staab, D.; Anglada-Escudé, G.

    2016-10-01

    We have detected excess absorption in the emission cores of Ca II H&K during transits of HD 189733b for the first time. Using observations of three transits, we investigate the origin of the absorption, which is also seen in Hα and the Na I D lines. Applying differential spectrophotometry methods to the Ca II H and Ca II K lines combined, using respective passband widths of Δλ = 0.4 and 0.6 Å yields excess absorption of td = 0.0074 ± 0.0044 (1.7σ; Transit 1) and 0.0214 ± 0.0022 (9.8σ; Transit 2). Similarly, we detect excess Hα absorption in a passband of width Δλ = 0.7 Å, with td = 0.0084 ± 0.0016 (5.2σ) and 0.0121 ± 0.0012 (9.9σ). For both lines, Transit 2 is thus significantly deeper. Combining all three transits for the Na I D lines yields excess absorption of td = 0.0041 ± 0.0006 (6.5σ). By considering the time series observations of each line, we find that the excess apparent absorption is best recovered in the stellar reference frame. These findings lead us to postulate that the main contribution to the excess transit absorption in the differential light curves arises because the normalizing continuum bands form in the photosphere, whereas the line cores contain a chromospheric component. We cannot rule out that part of the excess absorption signature arises from the planetary atmosphere, but we present evidence which casts doubt on recent claims to have detected wind motions in the planet's atmosphere in these data.

  13. Time-dependent spectral-feature variations of stars displaying the B[e] phenomenon III. HD 50138

    CERN Document Server

    Jeřábková, T; Miroshnichenko, A; Danford, S; Zharikov, S V; Kříček, R; Zasche, P; Votruba, V; Šlechta, M; Škoda, P; Janík, J

    2015-01-01

    We analyse spectroscopic observations of the B[e] star HD 50138 (MWC 158, V743 Mon, or IRAS 06491-0654), a member of the FS CMa group, obtained over the last twenty years. Four different epochs are identified in the observational data, where the variability of the spectral features is substantially different. Additionally, two long periods of (3 000 +/- 500) and (5 000 +/- 1000) days are found in the variations of the equivalent widths of the H alpha and [OI] 6300 A lines and radial velocities of the H alpha line violet peak. Modest signatures of a regular period of ~34 days in the radial velocities of the H alpha red peak and H beta central depression are found in the season 2013/2014. The H alpha V/R changes indicate a periodicity of ~50 days. The correlations between individual spectral features significantly restricts the model of the object and suggest that it is most likely a binary system with a highly distorted disc with spiral arms around the primary component. At the same time, no obvious signs of t...

  14. X-ray emission from the double-binary OB-star system QZ Car (HD 93206)

    CERN Document Server

    Parkin, E R; Townsley, L K; Pittard, J M; Moffat, A F J; Naze, Y; Rauw, G; Oskinova, L M

    2011-01-01

    X-ray observations of the double-binary OB-star system QZ Car (HD 93206) obtained with the Chandra X-ray Observatory over a period of roughly 2 years are presented. The orbit of systems A (O9.7 I+b2 v, PA = 21 d) and B (O8 III+o9 v, PB = 6 d) are reasonably well sampled by the observations, allowing the origin of the X-ray emission to be examined in detail. The X-ray spectra can be well fitted by an attenuated three temperature thermal plasma model, characterised by cool, moderate, and hot plasma components at kT ~ 0.2, 0.7, and 2 keV, respectively, and a circumstellar absorption of ~ 0.2 x 10^22 cm-2. Although the hot plasma component could be indicating the presence of wind-wind collision shocks in the system, the model fluxes calculated from spectral fits, with an average value of ~ 7 x 10^-13 erg s-1 cm-2, do not show a clear correlation with the orbits of the two constituent binaries. A semi-analytical model of QZ Car reveals that a stable momentum balance may not be established in either system A or B. ...

  15. The Diverse Origins of Neutron-Capture Elements in the Metal-Poor Star HD 94028: Possible Detection of Products of i-process Nucleosynthesis

    OpenAIRE

    Roederer, Ian U.; Karakas, Amanda I.; Pignatari, Marco; Herwig, Falk

    2016-01-01

    We present a detailed analysis of the composition and nucleosynthetic origins of the heavy elements in the metal-poor ([Fe/H]=-1.62+/-0.09) star HD94028. Previous studies revealed that this star is mildly enhanced in elements produced by the slow neutron-capture process (s-process; e.g., [Pb/Fe]=+0.79+/-0.32) and rapid neutron-capture process (r-process; e.g., [Eu/Fe]=+0.22+/-0.12), including unusually large molybdenum ([Mo/Fe]=+0.97+/-0.16) and ruthenium ([Ru/Fe]=+0.69+/-0.17) enhancements. ...

  16. The Solar Neighborhood. XXVI. AP Col: The Closest (8.4 pc) Pre-Main-Sequence Star

    CERN Document Server

    Riedel, Adric R; Henry, Todd J; Melis, Carl; Jao, Wei-Chun; Subasavage, John P; 10.1088/0004-6256/142/4/104

    2011-01-01

    We present the results of a multi-technique investigation of the M4.5Ve flare star AP Col, which we discover to be the nearest pre-main-sequence star. These include astrometric data from the CTIO 0.9m, from which we derive a proper motion of 342.0+/-0.5 mas yr^-1, a trigonometric parallax of 119.21+/-0.98 mas (8.39+/-0.07 pc), and photometry and photometric variability at optical wavelengths. We also provide spectroscopic data, including radial velocity (22.4+/-0.3 km s^-1), lithium Equivalent Width (EW) (0.28+/-0.02 A), H-alpha EW (-6.0 to -35 A), {\\it vsini} (11+/-1 km s^-1), and gravity indicators from the Siding Spring 2.3-m WiFeS, Lick 3-m Hamilton echelle, and Keck-I HIRES echelle spectrographs. The combined observations demonstrate that AP Col is the closer of only two known systems within 10 pc of the Sun younger than 100 Myr. Given its space motion and apparent age of 12-50 Myr, AP Col is likely a member of the recently proposed ~40 Myr old Argus/IC 2391 association.

  17. Retired A Stars and Their Companions VI. A Pair of Interacting Exoplanet Pairs Around the Subgiants 24 Sextanis and HD200964

    CERN Document Server

    Johnson, John Asher; Howard, Andrew W; Clubb, Kelsey I; Ford, Eric B; Bowler, Brendan P; Henry, Gregory W; Fischer, Debra A; Marcy, Geoffrey W; Brewer, John M; Schwab, Christian; Reffert, Sabine; Lowe, Thomas B

    2010-01-01

    We report radial velocity measurements of the G-type subgiants 24 Sextanis (=HD90043) and HD200964. Both are massive, evolved stars that exhibit periodic variations due to the presence of a pair of Jovian planets. Photometric monitoring with the T12 0.80m APT at Fairborn Observatory demonstrates both stars to be constant in brightness to <= 0.002 mag, thus strengthening the planetary interpretation of the radial velocity variations. 24 Sex b,c have orbital periods of 453.8 days and 883~days, corresponding to semimajor axes 1.333 AU and 2.08 AU, and minimum masses (Msini) 1.99 Mjup and 0.86 Mjup, assuming a stellar mass 1.54 Msun. HD200964 b,c have orbital periods of 613.8 days and 825 days, corresponding to semimajor axes 1.601 AU and 1.95 AU, and minimum masses 1.85 Mjup and 0.90 Mjup, assuming M* = 1.44 Msun. We also carry out dynamical simulations to properly account for gravitational interactions between the planets. Most, if not all, of the dynamically stable solutions include crossing orbits, suggest...

  18. Regular frequency patterns in the young delta Scuti star HD 261711 observed by the CoRoT and MOST satellites

    CERN Document Server

    Zwintz, K; Guenther, D B; Ryabchikova, T; Baglin, A; Themessl, N; Barnes, T G; Matthews, J M; Auvergne, M; Bohlender, D; Chaintreuil, S; Kuschnig, R; Moffat, A F J; Rowe, J F; Rucinski, S M; Sasselov, D; Weiss, W W

    2013-01-01

    We concentrate on an asteroseismological study of HD 261711, a rather hot delta Scuti type pulsating member of the young open cluster NGC 2264 located at the blue border of the instability region. HD 261711 was discovered to be a pre-main sequence delta Scuti star using the time series photometry obtained by the MOST satellite in 2006. High-precision, time-series photometry of HD 261711 was obtained by the MOST and CoRoT satellites in 4 separate new observing runs that are put into context with the star's fundamental atmospheric parameters obtained from spectroscopy. With the new MOST data set from 2011/12 and the two CoRoT light curves from 2008 and 2011/12, the delta Scuti variability was confirmed and regular groups of frequencies were discovered. The two pulsation frequencies identified in the data from the first MOST observing run in 2006 are confirmed and 23 new delta Scuti-type frequencies were discovered using the CoRoT data. Weighted average frequencies for each group are related to l=0 and l=1 p-mod...

  19. MagAO Imaging of Long-period Objects (MILO). II. A Puzzling White Dwarf around the Sun-like Star HD 11112

    CERN Document Server

    Rodigas, Timothy J; Simon, Amelie; Arriagada, Pamela; Faherty, Jackie; Anglada-Escude, Guillem; Mamajek, Eric E; Weinberger, Alycia; Butler, R Paul; Males, Jared R; Morzinski, Katie; Close, Laird M; Hinz, Philip M; Bailey, Jeremy; Carter, Brad; Jenkins, James S; Jones, Hugh; O'Toole, Simon; Tinney, C G; Wittenmyer, Rob; Debes, John

    2016-01-01

    HD 11112 is an old, Sun-like star that has a long-term radial velocity (RV) trend indicative of a massive companion on a wide orbit. Here we present direct images of the source responsible for the trend using the Magellan Adaptive Optics system. We detect the object (HD 11112B) at a separation of 2\\fasec 2 (100 AU) at multiple wavelengths spanning 0.6-4 \\microns ~and show that it is most likely a gravitationally-bound cool white dwarf. Modeling its spectral energy distribution (SED) suggests that its mass is 0.9-1.1 \\msun, which corresponds to very high-eccentricity, near edge-on orbits from Markov chain Monte Carlo analysis of the RV and imaging data together. The total age of the white dwarf is $>2\\sigma$ discrepant with that of the primary star under most assumptions. The problem can be resolved if the white dwarf progenitor was initially a double white dwarf binary that then merged into the observed high-mass white dwarf. HD 11112B is a unique and intriguing benchmark object that can be used to calibrate ...

  20. On the X-ray and optical properties of the Be star HD 110432: a very hard-thermal X-ray emitter

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lopes de Oliveira, R.; Motch, C.; Smith, M. A.; Negueruela, I.; Torrejón, J. M.

    2007-11-01

    HD 110432 is the first proposed, and best studied, member of a growing group of Be stars with X-ray properties similar to γ Cas. These stars exhibit hard-thermal X-rays that are variable on all measurable timescales. This emission contrasts with the soft emission of “normal" massive stars and with the non-thermal emission of all well known Be/X-ray binaries - so far, all Be + neutron star systems. In this work we present X-ray spectral and timing properties of HD 110432 from three XMM-Newton observations in addition to new optical spectroscopic observations. Like γ Cas, the X-rays of HD 110432 appear to have a thermal origin, as supported by strongly ionized Fe XXV and Fe XXVI lines detected in emission. A fluorescent iron feature at 6.4 keV is present in all observations, while the Fe XXVI Lyβ line is present in two of them. Its X-ray spectrum, complex and time variable, is well described in each observation by three thermal plasmas with temperatures ranging between 0.2-0.7, 3-6, and 16-37 keV. Thus, HD 110432 has the hottest thermal plasma of any known Be star. A sub-solar iron abundance (~0.3-0.5 ×Z_Fe,⊙) is derived for the hottest plasma, while lines of less excited ions at longer wavelengths are consistent with solar abundances. The star has a moderate 0.2-12 keV luminosity of ~5×1032 erg s-1. The intensity of the X-ray emission is strongly variable. Recurrent flare-like events on time scales as short as ~10 s are superimposed over a basal flux which varies on timescales of ~5-10×103 s, followed by similarly rapid hardness variabilities. There is no evidence for coherent oscillations, and an upper limit of ~2.5% is derived on the pulsed fraction for short pulsations from 0.005 to 2.5 Hz. In the optical region the strong and quasi-symmetrical profile of the Hα line (EW ~ -60 Å) as well as the detection of several metallic lines in emission strongly suggest a dense and/or large circumstellar disk. Also, the double-peaked profiles of metallic lines

  1. On the consistency of magnetic field measurements of Ap stars: lessons learned from the FORS1 archive

    CERN Document Server

    Landstreet, J D; Fossati, L

    2014-01-01

    CONTEXT. The ESO archive of FORS1 spectropolarimetric observations may be used to create a homogeneous database of magnetic field measurements. However, no systematic comparison of FORS field measurements to those obtained with other instruments has been undertaken so far. AIMS. We exploit the FORS archive of circular spectropolarimetric data to examine in a general way how reliable and accurate field detections obtained with FORS are. METHODS. We examine the observations of Ap and Bp stars, on the grounds that almost all of the unambiguous detections of magnetic fields in the FORS1 archive are in these kinds of stars. We assess the overall quality of the FORS1 magnetic data by examining the consistency of field detections with what is known from previous measurements obtained with other instruments, and we look at patterns of internal consistency. RESULTS. FORS1 magnetic measurements are fully consistent with those made with other instruments, and the internal consistency of the data is excellent. However, i...

  2. Multi-level 3D non-LTE computations of lithium lines in the metal-poor halo stars HD140283 and HD84937

    OpenAIRE

    Asplund, M.; Carlsson, M; Botnen, A

    2003-01-01

    The lithium abundances in metal-poor halo stars are of importance for cosmology, galaxy evolution and stellar structure. In an attempt to study possible systematic errors in the derived Li abundances, the line formation of LiI lines has been investigated by means of realistic 3D hydrodynamical model atmospheres of halo stars and 3D non-LTE radiative transfer calculations. These are the first detailed 3D non-LTE computations reported employing a multi-level atomic model showing that such probl...

  3. XMM-Newton Observations of HD189733 During Planetary Transits. X-rays Interaction Between Hot Jupiters and the Host Star.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pillitteri, Ignazio; Wolk, S. J.; Cohen, O.; Kashyap, V.; Knutson, H.; Lisse, C. M.

    2010-03-01

    The irradiation of X-rays from host stars on their nearby gas-giant planets can cause excess heating of the planet which can induce mass loss. Further, it has been argued that the magnetic fields of the two bodies can interact. We present XMM-Newton observations of HD 189733 during the eclipse and planetary transit of its hot jupiter planet HD 189733b in order to investigate any effects of the interaction between the host star and the planet in X-rays. We observe a softening of X-ray spectrum at level of 2 sigmas during the 2009 secondary eclipse. It is followed at 3 ks by an enhancement of the X-ray flux likely due to a flare. No remarkable effects are seen in 2007 transit. Magneto-Hydro-Dynamical (MHD) simulations show that the plasma spectrum could get softer during the eclipse. Further, a region of high plasma density on the stellar corona, and displaced from the planet-star line, should form due to the interaction of magnetic fields of star and planet. The magnetic activity in this region is enhanced and should cause frequent transients. The X-ray observations suggest that these model predictions are globally correct. Despite the simple model adopted and the lack of precise parameters, effects of the interaction of stars and their nearby planets appear to observable in X-rays. X-ray observations allow to probe the structuring and the strength of the complex magnetosphere of the star+planet system.

  4. The Diverse Origins of Neutron-capture Elements in the Metal-poor Star HD 94028: Possible Detection of Products of i-Process Nucleosynthesis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roederer, Ian U.; Karakas, Amanda I.; Pignatari, Marco; Herwig, Falk

    2016-04-01

    We present a detailed analysis of the composition and nucleosynthetic origins of the heavy elements in the metal-poor ([Fe/H] = ‑1.62 ± 0.09) star HD 94028. Previous studies revealed that this star is mildly enhanced in elements produced by the slow neutron-capture process (s process; e.g., [Pb/Fe] = +0.79 ± 0.32) and rapid neutron-capture process (r process; e.g., [Eu/Fe] = +0.22 ± 0.12), including unusually large molybdenum ([Mo/Fe] = +0.97 ± 0.16) and ruthenium ([Ru/Fe] = +0.69 ± 0.17) enhancements. However, this star is not enhanced in carbon ([C/Fe] = ‑0.06 ± 0.19). We analyze an archival near-ultraviolet spectrum of HD 94028, collected using the Space Telescope Imaging Spectrograph on board the Hubble Space Telescope, and other archival optical spectra collected from ground-based telescopes. We report abundances or upper limits derived from 64 species of 56 elements. We compare these observations with s-process yields from low-metallicity AGB evolution and nucleosynthesis models. No combination of s- and r-process patterns can adequately reproduce the observed abundances, including the super-solar [As/Ge] ratio (+0.99 ± 0.23) and the enhanced [Mo/Fe] and [Ru/Fe] ratios. We can fit these features when including an additional contribution from the intermediate neutron-capture process (i process), which perhaps operated through the ingestion of H in He-burning convective regions in massive stars, super-AGB stars, or low-mass AGB stars. Currently, only the i process appears capable of consistently producing the super-solar [As/Ge] ratios and ratios among neighboring heavy elements found in HD 94028. Other metal-poor stars also show enhanced [As/Ge] ratios, hinting that operation of the i process may have been common in the early Galaxy. These data are associated with Program 072.B-0585(A), PI. Silva. Some data presented in this paper were obtained from the Barbara A. Mikulski Archive for Space Telescopes (MAST). The Space Telescope Science Institute

  5. The HARPS search southern extra-solar planets. VII. A very hot jupiter orbiti HD 212301

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lo Curto, G.; Mayor, M.; Clausen, J.V.;

    2006-01-01

    Stars: individual : HD212301 - stars : planetary systems - techniques : radial velocities - techniques: spectroscopic - instrumentation : spectrographs......Stars: individual : HD212301 - stars : planetary systems - techniques : radial velocities - techniques: spectroscopic - instrumentation : spectrographs...

  6. Discovery of secular variations in the atmospheric abundances of magnetic Ap stars

    CERN Document Server

    Bailey, J D; Bagnulo, S

    2013-01-01

    The stars of the middle main sequence have relatively quiescent outer layers, and unusual chemical abundance patterns may develop in their atmospheres. The presence of chemical peculiarities reveal the action of such subsurface phenomena as gravitational settling and radiatively driven levitation of trace elements, and their competition with mixing processes such as turbulent diffusion. We want to establish whether abundance peculiarities change as stars evolve on the main sequence, and provide observational constraints to diffusion theory. We have performed spectral analysis of 15 magnetic Bp stars that are members of open clusters (and thus have well-known ages), with masses between about 3 and 4 M_sun. For each star, we measured the abundances of He, O, Mg, Si, Ti, Cr, Fe, Pr and Nd. We have discovered the systematic time evolution of trace elements through the main-sequence lifetime of magnetic chemically peculiar stars as their atmospheres cool and evolve toward lower gravity. During the main sequence li...

  7. Discovery of a magnetic field in the O9 sub-giant star HD 57682 by the MiMeS Collaboration

    CERN Document Server

    Grunhut, J H; Marcolino, W L F; Petit, V; Henrichs, H F; Cohen, D H; Alecian, E; Bohlender, D; Bouret, J -C; Kochukhov, O; Neiner, C; St-Louis, N; Townsend, R H D

    2009-01-01

    We report the detection of a strong, organised magnetic field in the O9IV star HD 57682, using spectropolarimetric observations obtained with ESPaDOnS at the 3.6-m Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope within the context of the Magnetism in Massive Stars (MiMeS) Large Program. From the fitting of our spectra using NLTE model atmospheres we determined that HD 57682 is a $17^{+19}_{-9}$ M$_{\\odot}$ star with a radius of $7.0^{+2.4}_{-1.8}$ R$_\\odot$, and a relatively low mass-loss rate of $1.4^{+3.1}_{-0.95}\\times10^{-9}$ M$_{\\odot}$ yr$^{-1}$. The photospheric absorption lines are narrow, and we use the Fourier transform technique to infer $v\\sin i=15\\pm3$ km s$^{-1}$. This $v\\sin i$ implies a maximum rotational period of 31.5 d, a value qualitatively consistent with the observed variability of the optical absorption and emission lines, as well as the Stokes $V$ profiles and longitudinal field. Using a Bayesian analysis of the velocity-resolved Stokes $V$ profiles to infer the magnetic field characteristics, we tenta...

  8. ELODIE metallicity-biased search for transiting Hot Jupiters II. A very hot Jupiter transiting the bright K star HD189733

    CERN Document Server

    Bouchy, F; Mayor, M; Moutou, C; Pont, F; Iribarne, N; Silva, R D; Ilovaisky, S A; Queloz, D; Santos, N; Ségransan, D; Zucker, S; Bouchy, Francois; Udry, Stephane; Mayor, Michel; Moutou, Claire; Pont, Frederic; Iribarne, Nicolas; Silva, Ronaldo Da; Ilovaisky, Sergio; Queloz, Didier; Santos, Nuno; Segransan, Damien; Zucker, Shay

    2005-01-01

    Among the 160 known exoplanets, mainly detected in large radial-velocity surveys, only 8 have a characterization of their actual mass and radius thanks to the two complementary methods of detection: radial velocities and photometric transit. We started in March 2004 an exoplanet-search programme biased toward high-metallicity stars which are more frequently host extra-solar planets. This survey aims to detect close-in giant planets, which are most likely to transit their host star. For this programme, high-precision radial velocities are measured with the ELODIE fiber-fed spectrograph on the 1.93-m telescope, and high-precision photometry is obtained with the CCD Camera on the 1.20-m telescope, both at the Haute-Provence Observatory. We report here the discovery of a new transiting hot Jupiter orbiting the star HD189733. The planetary nature of this object is confirmed by the observation of both the spectroscopic and photometric transits. The exoplanet HD189733b, with an orbital period of 2.219 days, has one ...

  9. The TRENDS High-Contrast Imaging Survey. V. Discovery of an Old and Cold Benchmark T-dwarf Orbiting the Nearby G-star HD 19467

    CERN Document Server

    Crepp, Justin R; Howard, Andrew W; Marcy, Geoffrey W; Brewer, John; Fischer, Debra A; Wright, Jason T; Isaacson, Howard

    2013-01-01

    The nearby Sun-like star HD 19467 shows a subtle radial velocity (RV) acceleration of -1.37+/-0.09 m/s/yr over an 16.9 year time baseline (an RV trend), hinting at the existence of a distant orbiting companion. We have obtained high-contrast adaptive optics images of the star using NIRC2 at Keck Observatory and report the direct detection of the body that causes the acceleration. The companion, HD 19467 B, is dK=12.57+/-0.09 mag fainter than its parent star (contrast ratio of 9.4e-6), has blue colors J-K_s=-0.36+/-0.14 (J-H=-0.29+/-0.15), and is separated by 1.653+/-0.004" (51.1+/-1.0 AU). Follow-up astrometric measurements obtained over an 1.1 year time baseline demonstrate physical association through common parallactic and proper motion. We calculate a firm lower-limit of m>51.9^{+3.6}_{-4.3}Mjup for the companion mass from orbital dynamics using a combination of Doppler observations and imaging. We estimate a model-dependent mass of m=56.7^{+4.6}_{-7.2}Mjup from a gyrochronological age of 4.3^{+1.0}_{-1.2...

  10. The Diverse Origins of Neutron-Capture Elements in the Metal-Poor Star HD 94028: Possible Detection of Products of i-process Nucleosynthesis

    CERN Document Server

    Roederer, Ian U; Pignatari, Marco; Herwig, Falk

    2016-01-01

    We present a detailed analysis of the composition and nucleosynthetic origins of the heavy elements in the metal-poor ([Fe/H]=-1.62+/-0.09) star HD94028. Previous studies revealed that this star is mildly enhanced in elements produced by the slow neutron-capture process (s-process; e.g., [Pb/Fe]=+0.79+/-0.32) and rapid neutron-capture process (r-process; e.g., [Eu/Fe]=+0.22+/-0.12), including unusually large molybdenum ([Mo/Fe]=+0.97+/-0.16) and ruthenium ([Ru/Fe]=+0.69+/-0.17) enhancements. However, this star is not enhanced in carbon ([C/Fe]=-0.06+/-0.19). We analyze an archival near-ultraviolet spectrum of HD94028, collected using the Space Telescope Imaging Spectrograph on board the Hubble Space Telescope, and other archival optical spectra collected from ground-based telescopes. We report abundances or upper limits derived from 64 species of 56 elements. We compare these observations with s-process yields from low-metallicity AGB evolution and nucleosynthesis models. No combination of s- and r-process pa...

  11. Weak magnetic fields in Ap/Bp stars: Evidence for a dipole field lower limit and a tentative interpretation of the magnetic dichotomy

    CERN Document Server

    Aurière, M; Silvester, J; Lignières, F; Bagnulo, S; Bale, K; Dintrans, B; Donati, J F; Folsom, C P; Gruberbauer, M; Hoa, A Hui Bon; Jeffers, S; Johnson, N; Landstreet, J D; Lebre, A; Lüftinger, T; Marsden, S; Mouillet, D; Naseri, S; Paletou, F; Petit, P; Power, J; Rincon, F; Strasser, S; Toque, N

    2007-01-01

    We have investigated a sample of 28 well-known spectroscopically-identified magnetic Ap/Bp stars, with weak, poorly-determined or previously undetected magnetic fields, with the aim of exploring the weak part of the magnetic field distribution of Ap/Bp stars. Using the MuSiCoS and NARVAL spectropolarimeters we have obtained 282 LSD Stokes V signatures of our 28 sample stars. All stars were detected, showing clearly that when observed with sufficient precision, all firmly classified Ap/Bp stars show detectable surface magnetic fields. To better characterise the surface magnetic field intensities and geometries of the sample, we have inferred the dipolar field intensity and the magnetic obliquity. The distribution of derived dipole strengths for these stars exhibits a plateau at about 1 kG, falling off to larger and smaller field strengths. Remarkably, in this sample of stars selected for their presumably weak magnetic fields, we find only 2 stars for which the derived dipole strength is weaker than 300 G. We i...

  12. Velocity Curve Analysis of the Spectroscopic Binary Stars PV Pup, HD 141929, EE Cet and V921 Her by Nonlinear Regression

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    K. Karami; R. Mohebi

    2007-12-01

    We use the method introduced by Karami & Mohebi (2007), and Karami & Teimoorinia (2007) which enable us to derive the orbital parameters of the spectroscopic binary stars by the nonlinear least squares of observed . curve fitting (o–c). Using the measured experimental data for radial velocities of the four double-lined spectroscopic binary systems PV Pup, HD 141929, EE Cet and V921 Her, we find both the orbital and the combined spectroscopic elements of these systems. Our numerical results are in good agreement with those obtained using the method of Lehmann-Filhés.

  13. Discovery of Secular Evolution of the Atmospheric Abundances of Ap Stars

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bailey, J. D.; Landstreet, J. D.; Bagnulo, S.

    2015-01-01

    The stars of the middle main-sequence have relatively quiescent outer layers, and unusual chemical abundance patterns may develop in their atmospheres, revealing the action of such subsurface phenomena as gravitational settling and radiatively driven levitation of trace elements, and their competition with mixing processes such as turbulent diffusion. We report the discovery of the time evolution of such chemical tracers through the main-sequence lifetime of magnetic chemically peculiar stars.

  14. Stokes IQUV magnetic Doppler imaging of Ap stars - III. Next generation chemical abundance mapping of α2 CVn

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silvester, J.; Kochukhov, O.; Wade, G. A.

    2014-10-01

    In a previous paper, we presented an updated magnetic field map for the chemically peculiar star α2 CVn using ESPaDOnS and Narval time-resolved high-resolution Stokes IQUV spectra. In this paper, we focus on mapping various chemical element distributions on the surface of α2 CVn. With the new magnetic field map and new chemical abundance distributions, we can investigate the interplay between the chemical abundance structures and the magnetic field topology on the surface of α2 CVn. Previous attempts at chemical abundance mapping of α2 CVn relied on lower resolution data. With our high-resolution (R = 65 000) data set, we present nine chemical abundance maps for the elements O, Si, Cl, Ti, Cr, Fe, Pr, Nd and Eu. We also derive an updated magnetic field map from Fe and Cr lines in Stokes IQUV and O and Cl in Stokes IV. These new maps are inferred from line profiles in Stokes IV using the magnetic Doppler imaging code INVERS10. We examine these new chemical maps and investigate correlations with the magnetic topology of α2 CVn. We show that chemical abundance distributions vary between elements, with two distinct groups of elements; one accumulates close to the negative part of the radial field, whilst the other group shows higher abundances located where the radial magnetic field is of the order of 2 kG regardless of the polarity of the radial field component. We compare our results with previous works which have mapped chemical abundance structures of Ap stars. With the exception of Cr and Fe, we find no clear trend between what we reconstruct and other mapping results. We also find a lack of agreement with theoretical predictions. This suggests that there is a gap in our theoretical understanding of the formation of horizontal chemical abundance structures and the connection to the magnetic field in Ap stars.

  15. MagAO Imaging of Long-period Objects (MILO). I. A Benchmark M Dwarf Companion Exciting a Massive Planet around the Sun-like Star HD 7449

    CERN Document Server

    Rodigas, Timothy J; Faherty, Jackie; Anglada-Escude, Guillem; Kaib, Nathan; Butler, R Paul; Shectman, Stephen; Weinberger, Alycia; Males, Jared R; Morzinski, Katie M; Close, Laird M; Hinz, Philip M; Crane, Jeffrey D; Thompson, Ian; Teske, Johanna; Diaz, Matias; Minniti, Dante; Lopez-Morales, Mercedes; Adams, Fred C; Boss, Alan P

    2015-01-01

    We present high-contrast Magellan adaptive optics (MagAO) images of HD 7449, a Sun-like star with one planet and a long-term radial velocity (RV) trend. We unambiguously detect the source of the long-term trend from 0.6-2.15 \\microns ~at a separation of \\about 0\\fasec 54. We use the object's colors and spectral energy distribution to show that it is most likely an M4-M5 dwarf (mass \\about 0.1-0.2 \\msun) at the same distance as the primary and is therefore likely bound. We also present new RVs measured with the Magellan/MIKE and PFS spectrometers and compile these with archival data from CORALIE and HARPS. We use a new Markov chain Monte Carlo procedure to constrain both the mass ($> 0.17$ \\msun ~at 99$\\%$ confidence) and semimajor axis (\\about 18 AU) of the M dwarf companion (HD 7449B). We also refine the parameters of the known massive planet (HD 7449Ab), finding that its minimum mass is $7.8^{+3.7}_{-1.35}$ \\mj, its semimajor axis is $2.33^{+0.01}_{-0.02}$ AU, and its eccentricity is $0.8^{+0.08}_{-0.06}$. ...

  16. Improved Ti II log(gf) Values and Abundance Determinations in the Photospheres of the Metal-Poor Star HD 84937

    CERN Document Server

    Wood, M P; Sneden, C; Cowan, J J

    2013-01-01

    Atomic transition probability measurements for 364 lines of Ti II in the UV through near IR are reported. Branching fractions from data recorded using a Fourier transform spectrometer and a new echelle spectrometer are combined with published radiative lifetimes to determine these transition probabilities. The new results are in generally good agreement with previously reported FTS measurements. Use of the new echelle spectrometer, independent radiometric calibration methods, and independent data analysis routines enables a reduction of systematic errors and overall improvement in transition probability accuracy over previous measurements. The new Ti II data are applied to high resolution visible and UV spectra of the Sun and metal-poor star HD 84937 to derive new, more accurate Ti abundances. Lines covering a range of wavelength and excitation potential are used to search for non-LTE effects. The Ti abundances derived using Ti II for these two stars match those derived using Ti I and support the relative Ti/...

  17. Discovery of a magnetic field in the rapidly rotating O-type secondary of the colliding-wind binary HD 47129 (Plaskett's star)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grunhut, J. H.; Wade, G. A.; Leutenegger, M.; Petit, V.; Rauw, G.; Neiner, C.; Martins, F.; Cohen, D. H.; Gagné, M.; Ignace, R.; Mathis, S.; de Mink, S. E.; Moffat, A. F. J.; Owocki, S.; Shultz, M.; Sundqvist, J.; MiMeS Collaboration

    2013-01-01

    We report the detection of a strong, organized magnetic field in the secondary component of the massive O8III/I+O7.5V/III double-lined spectroscopic binary system HD 47129 (Plaskett's star) in the context of the Magnetism in Massive Stars survey. Eight independent Stokes V observations were acquired using the Echelle SpectroPolarimetric Device for the Observations of Stars (ESPaDOnS) spectropolarimeter at the Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope and the Narval spectropolarimeter at the Télescope Bernard Lyot. Using least-squares deconvolution we obtain definite detections of signal in Stokes V in three observations. No significant signal is detected in the diagnostic null (N) spectra. The Zeeman signatures are broad and track the radial velocity of the secondary component; we therefore conclude that the rapidly rotating secondary component is the magnetized star. Correcting the polarized spectra for the line and continuum of the (sharp-lined) primary, we measured the longitudinal magnetic field from each observation. The longitudinal field of the secondary is variable and exhibits extreme values of -810 ± 150 and +680 ± 190 G, implying a minimum surface dipole polar strength of 2850 ± 500 G. In contrast, we derive an upper limit (3σ) to the primary's surface magnetic field of 230 G. The combination of a strong magnetic field and rapid rotation leads us to conclude that the secondary hosts a centrifugal magnetosphere fed through a magnetically confined wind. We revisit the properties of the optical line profiles and X-ray emission - previously interpreted as a consequence of colliding stellar winds - in this context. We conclude that HD 47129 represents a heretofore unique stellar system - a close, massive binary with a rapidly rotating, magnetized component - that will be a rich target for further study.

  18. IMPROVED Co i log(gf) VALUES AND ABUNDANCE DETERMINATIONS IN THE PHOTOSPHERES OF THE SUN AND METAL-POOR STAR HD 84937

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lawler, J. E. [Department of Physics, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1150 University Ave., Madison, WI 53706 (United States); Sneden, C. [Department of Astronomy and McDonald Observatory, University of Texas, Austin, TX 78712 (United States); Cowan, J. J., E-mail: jelawler@wisc.edu, E-mail: chris@verdi.as.utexas.edu, E-mail: jjcowan1@ou.edu [Homer L. Dodge Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK 73019 (United States)

    2015-09-15

    New emission branching fraction measurements for 898 lines of the first spectrum of cobalt (Co i) are determined from hollow cathode lamp spectra recorded with the National Solar Observatory 1 m Fourier transform spectrometer on Kitt Peak, AZ and a high-resolution echelle spectrometer. Published radiative lifetimes from laser induced fluorescence measurements are combined with the branching fractions to determine accurate absolute atomic transition probabilities for the 898 lines. Hyperfine structure (hfs) constants for levels of neutral Co in the literature are surveyed and selected values are used to generate complete hfs component patterns for 195 transitions of Co i. These new laboratory data are applied to determine the Co abundance in the Sun and metal-poor star HD 84937, yielding log ϵ(Co) = 4.955 ± 0.007 (σ = 0.059) based on 82 Co i lines and log ϵ(Co) = 2.785 ± 0.008 (σ = 0.065) based on 66 Co i lines, respectively. A Saha or ionization balance test on the photosphere of HD 84937 is performed using 16 UV lines of Co ii, and good agreement is found with the Co i result in this metal-poor ([Fe i/H] = −2.32, [Fe ii/H] = −2.32) dwarf star. The resulting value of [Co/Fe] = +0.14 supports a rise of Co/Fe at low metallicity that has been suggested in other studies.

  19. The magnetic field of the hot spectroscopic binary HD 5550

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neiner, C.; Alecian, E.

    2015-12-01

    HD 5550 is a spectroscopic binary composed of two A stars observed with Narval at TBL in the frame of the BinaMIcS (Binarity and Magnetic Interactions in various classes of Stars) Large Program. One component of the system is found to be an Ap star with a surprisingly weak dipolar field of ˜65 G. The companion is an Am star for which no magnetic field is detected, with a detection threshold on the dipolar field of ˜40 G. The system is tidally locked, the primary component is synchronised with the orbit, but the system is probably not completely circularised yet. This work is only the second detailed study of magnetic fields in a hot short-period spectroscopic binary. More systems are currently being observed with both Narval at TBL and ESPaDOnS at CFHT within the BinaMIcS project, with the goal of understanding how magnetism can impact binary evolution and vice versa.

  20. The magnetic field of the hot spectroscopic binary HD5550

    CERN Document Server

    Neiner, C

    2015-01-01

    HD5550 is a spectroscopic binary composed of two A stars observed with Narval at TBL in the frame of the BinaMIcS (Binarity and Magnetic Interactions in various classes of Stars) Large Program. One component of the system is found to be an Ap star with a surprisingly weak dipolar field of ~65 G. The companion is an Am star for which no magnetic field is detected, with a detection threshold on the dipolar field of ~40 G. The system is tidally locked, the primary component is synchronised with the orbit, but the system is probably not completely circularised yet. This work is only the second detailed study of magnetic fields in a hot short-period spectroscopic binary. More systems are currently being observed with both Narval at TBL and ESPaDOnS at CFHT within the BinaMIcS project, with the goal of understanding how magnetism can impact binary evolution and vice versa.

  1. Discovery of secular variations in the atmospheric abundances of magnetic Ap stars

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bailey, J. D.; Landstreet, J. D.; Bagnulo, S.

    2014-01-01

    Context. The stars of the middle main sequence have relatively quiescent outer layers, and unusual chemical abundance patterns may develop in their atmospheres. The presence of chemical peculiarities reveal the action of such subsurface phenomena as gravitational settling and radiatively driven levitation of trace elements, and their competition with mixing processes such as turbulent diffusion. At present, little is known about the time evolution of these anomalous abundances, nor about the role that diffusion may play in maintaining them, during the main sequence lifetime of such a star. Aims: We want to establish whether abundance peculiarities change as stars evolve on the main sequence, and provide observational constraints to diffusion theory. Methods: We have performed spectral analysis of 15 magnetic Bp stars that are members of open clusters (and thus have well-known ages), with masses between about 3 and 4 M⊙. For each star, we measured the abundances of He, O, Mg, Si, Ti, Cr, Fe, Pr and Nd. Results: We have discovered the systematic time evolution of trace elements through the main-sequence lifetime of magnetic chemically peculiar stars as their atmospheres cool and evolve towards lower gravity. During the main sequence lifetime, we observe clear and systematic variations in the atmospheric abundances of He, Ti, Cr, Fe, Pr and Nd. For all these elements, except He, the atmospheric abundances decrease with age. The abundances of Fe-peak elements converge towards solar values, while the rare-earth elements converge towards values at least 100 times more abundant than in the Sun. Helium is always underabundant compared to the Sun, evolving from about 1% up to 10% of the solar He abundance. We have attempted to interpret the observed abundance variations in the context of radiatively driven diffusion theory, which appears to provide a framework to understand some, but not all, of the anomalous abundance levels and variations that we observe. Based in part

  2. EK Eridani: the tip of the iceberg of giants which have evolved from magnetic Ap stars

    CERN Document Server

    Aurière, M; Petit, P; Charbonnel, C; Dintrans, B; Lignières, F; Roudier, T; Alecian, E; Donati, J F; Landstreet, J D; Wade, G A

    2008-01-01

    We observe the slowly-rotating, active, single giant, EK Eri, to study and infer the nature of its magnetic field directly. We used the spectropolarimeter NARVAL at the Telescope Bernard Lyot, Pic du Midi Observatory, and the Least Square Deconvolution method to create high signal-to-noise ratio Stokes V profiles. We fitted the Stokes V profiles with a model of the large-scale magnetic field. We studied the classical activity indicators, the CaII H and K lines, the CaII infrared triplet, and H\\alpha line. We detected the Stokes V signal of EK Eri securely and measured the longitudinal magnetic field Bl for seven individual dates spanning 60% of the rotational period. The measured longitudinal magnetic field of EK Eri reached about 100 G and was as strong as fields observed in RSCVn or FK Com type stars: this was found to be extraordinary when compared with the weak fields observed at the surfaces of slowly-rotating MS stars or any single red giant previously observed with NARVAL. From our modeling, we infer t...

  3. Abundance analysis of Am binaries and search for tidally driven abundance anomalies - III. HD116657, HD138213, HD155375, HD159560, HD196544 and HD204188

    CERN Document Server

    Stateva, I; Budaj, J

    2011-01-01

    We continue here the systematic abundance analysis of a sample of Am binaries in order to search for possible abundance anomalies driven by tidal interaction in these binary systems. New CCD observations in two spectral regions (6400-6500, 6660-6760 AA) of HD116657, HD138213, HD155375, HD159560, HD196544 and HD204188 were obtained. Synthetic spectrum analysis was carried out and basic stellar properties, effective temperatures, gravities, projected rotational velocities, masses, ages and abundances of several elements were determined. We conclude that all six stars are Am stars. These stars were put into the context of other Am binaries with 10 < Porb < 200 days and their abundance anomalies discussed in the context of possible tidal effects. There is clear anti-correlation of the Am peculiarities with v sin i. However, there seems to be also a correlation with the eccentricity and may be with the orbital period. The dependence on the temperature, age, mass, and microturbulence was studied as well. The ...

  4. Chemical surface inhomogeneities in late B-type stars with Hg and Mn peculiarity I Spot evolution in HD 11753 on short and long time scales

    CERN Document Server

    Korhonen, H; Briquet, M; Soriano, M Flores; Hubrig, S; Savanov, I; Hackman, T; Ilyin, I V; Eulaers, E; Pessemier, W

    2013-01-01

    Aims: Time series of high-resolution spectra of the late B-type star HD 11753 exhibiting HgMn chemical peculiarity are used to study the surface distribution of different chemical elements and their temporal evolution. Methods: High-resolution and high signal-to-noise ratio spectra were obtained using the CORALIE spectrograph at La Silla in 2000, 2009, and 2010. Surface maps of YII, SrII, TiII, and CrII were calculated using the Doppler imaging technique. The results were also compared to equivalent width measurements. The evolution of chemical spots both on short and long time scales were investigated. Results: We determine the binary orbit of HD 11753 and fine-tune the rotation period of the primary. The earlier discovered fast evolution of the chemical spots is confirmed by an analysis using both the chemical spot maps and equivalent width measurements. In addition, a long-term decrease in the overall YII and SrII abundances is discovered. A detailed analysis of the chemical spot configurations reveals som...

  5. Discovery of a magnetic field in the rapidly-rotating O-type secondary of the colliding-wind binary HD 47129 (Plaskett's star)

    CERN Document Server

    Grunhut, J H; Leutenegger, M; Petit, V; Rauw, G; Neiner, C; Martins, F; Cohen, D H; Gagné, M; Ignace, R; Mathis, S; de Mink, S E; Moffat, A F J; Owocki, S; Shultz, M; Sundqvist, J

    2012-01-01

    We report the detection of a strong, organized magnetic field in the secondary component of the massive O8III/I+O7.5V/III double-lined spectroscopic binary system HD 47129 (Plaskett's star), in the context of the Magnetism in Massive Stars (MiMeS) survey. Eight independent Stokes $V$ observations were acquired using the ESPaDOnS spectropolarimeter at the Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope and the Narval spectropolarimeter at the T\\'elescope Bernard Lyot. Using Least-Squares Deconvolution we obtain definite detections of signal in Stokes $V$ in 3 observations. No significant signal is detected in the diagnostic null ($N$) spectra. The Zeeman signatures are broad and track the radial velocity of the secondary component; we therefore conclude that the rapidly-rotating secondary component is the magnetized star. Correcting the polarized spectra for the line and continuum of the (sharp-lined) primary, we measured the longitudinal magnetic field from each observation. The longitudinal field of the secondary is variable...

  6. High-resolution Br-gamma spectro-interferometry of the transitional Herbig Ae/Be star HD 100546: a Keplerian gaseous disc inside the inner rim

    CERN Document Server

    Mendigutía, I; Oudmaijer, R D; Fairlamb, J R; Carciofi, A C; Ilee, J D; Vieira, R G

    2015-01-01

    We present spatially and spectrally resolved Br-gamma emission around the planet-hosting, transitional Herbig Ae/Be star HD 100546. Aiming to gain insight into the physical origin of the line in possible relation to accretion processes, we carried out Br-gamma spectro-interferometry using AMBER/VLTI from three different baselines achieving spatial and spectral resolutions of 2-4 mas and 12000. The Br-gamma visibility is larger than that of the continuum for all baselines. Differential phases reveal a shift between the photocentre of the Br-gamma line -displaced 0.6 mas (0.06 au at 100 pc) NE from the star- and that of the K-band continuum emission -displaced 0.3 mas NE from the star. The photocentres of the redshifted and blueshifted components of the Br-gamma line are located NW and SE from the photocentre of the peak line emission, respectively. Moreover, the photocentre of the fastest velocity bins within the spectral line tends to be closer to that of the peak emission than the photocentre of the slowest ...

  7. A Pair of Giant Planets around the Evolved Intermediate-Mass Star HD 47366: Multiple Circular Orbits or a Mutually Retrograde Configuration

    CERN Document Server

    Sato, Bun'ei; Liu, Yu-Juan; Zhao, Gang; Omiya, Masashi; Harakawa, Hiroki; Nagasawa, Makiko; Wittenmyer, Robert A; Butler, Paul; Song, Nan; He, Wei; Zhao, Fei; Kambe, Eiji; Noguchi, Kunio; Ando, Hiroyasu; Izumiura, Hideyuki; Okada, Norio; Yoshida, Michitoshi; Takeda, Yoichi; Itoh, Yoichi; Kokubo, Eiichiro; Ida, Shigeru

    2016-01-01

    We report the detection of a double planetary system around the evolved intermediate-mass star HD 47366 from precise radial-velocity measurements at Okayama Astrophysical Observatory, Xinglong Station, and Australian Astronomical Observatory. The star is a K1 giant with a mass of 1.81+-0.13M_sun, a radius of 7.30+-0.33R_sun, and solar metallicity. The planetary system is composed of two giant planets with minimum mass of 1.75^{+0.20}_{-0.17}Mjup and 1.86^{+0.16}_{-0.15}Mjup, orbital period of 363.3^{+2.5}_{-2.4} d and 684.7^{+5.0}_{-4.9} d, and eccentricity of 0.089^{+0.079}_{-0.060} and 0.278^{+0.067}_{-0.094}, respectively, which are derived by a double Keplerian orbital fit to the radial-velocity data. The system adds to the population of multi-giant-planet systems with relatively small orbital separations, which are preferentially found around evolved intermediate-mass stars. Dynamical stability analysis for the system revealed, however, that the best-fit orbits are unstable in the case of a prograde conf...

  8. Line formation in winds with enhanced equatorial mass-loss rates and its application to the Wolf-Rayet star HD 50896

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ultraviolet spectra from the ''Copernicus'' satellite of the Wolf-Rayet star HD 50896 show several P-Cygni profiles whose emission component has a larger equivalent width than the absorption component. For lines with saturated absorption components, such as the N V (lambdalambda1239-1243) line, the excess emission is due to thermal emission from the wind. However, for unsaturated lines which are due to scattering, such as the P V (lambdalambda1118-1128) and O VI (lambdalambda1032-1038) lines, the excess emission suggests that the scattering is not spherically symmetric. Based on this premise, a simple model was developed of a stellar wind whose material is concentrated toward the star's equatorial plane. This model was used to investigate the effect on line formation of the distribution of material in the wind and the orientation of the star-wind system with respect to an observer. In addition, the influence of the wind's velocity structure was investigated for two velocity laws which are schematically depicted. The first distribution has the asymptotic behavior expected for a radiatively accelerated wind. The second one has a similar form in the outer region of the wind, but has a velocity plateau at the inner region, as suggested by ultraviolet to infrared continuum fits of Hartmann and Cassinelli (1977). To simplify calculations, the Sobolev escape probability method was used, and the velocity structure was assumed to be spherically symmetric. (Auth.)

  9. Improved V II log($gf$) Values, Hyperfine Structure Constants, and Abundance Determinations in the Photospheres of the Sun and Metal-poor Star HD 84937

    CERN Document Server

    Wood, M P; Hartog, E A Den; Sneden, C; Cowan, J J

    2014-01-01

    New experimental absolute atomic transition probabilities are reported for 203 lines of V II. Branching fractions are measured from spectra recorded using a Fourier transform spectrometer and an echelle spectrometer. The branching fractions are normalized with radiative lifetime measurements to determine the new transition probabilities. Generally good agreement is found between this work and previously reported V II transition probabilities. Use of two spectrometers, independent radiometric calibration methods, and independent data analysis routines enables a reduction in systematic uncertainties, in particular those due to optical depth errors. In addition, new hyperfine structure constants are measured for selected levels by least squares fitting line profiles in the FTS spectra. The new V II data are applied to high resolution visible and UV spectra of the Sun and metal-poor star HD 84937 to determine new, more accurate V abundances. Lines covering a range of wavelength and excitation potential are used t...

  10. Improved Ni I log(gf) Values and Abundance Determinations in the Photospheres of the Sun and Metal-poor Star HD 84937

    CERN Document Server

    Wood, M P; Sneden, C; Cowan, J J

    2014-01-01

    Atomic transition probability measurements for 371 Ni I lines in the UV through near IR are reported. Branching fractions from data recorded using a Fourier transform spectrometer and a new echelle spectrograph are combined with published radiative lifetimes to determine these transition probabilities. Generally good agreement is found in comparisons to previously reported Ni I transition probability measurements. Use of the new echelle spectrograph, independent radiometric calibration methods, and independent data analysis routines enable a reduction of systematic errors and overall improvement in transition probability uncertainty over previous measurements. The new Ni I data are applied to high resolution visible and UV spectra of the Sun and metal-poor star HD 84937 to derive new, more accurate Ni abundances. Lines covering a wide range of wavelength and excitation potential are used to search for non-LTE effects.

  11. 14 Ceti: A probable Ap-star-descendant entering the Hertzsprung gap

    CERN Document Server

    Auriere, M; Petit, P; Charbonnel, C; Van Eck, S; Donati, J -F; Lignieres, F; Roudier, T

    2012-01-01

    14 Ceti is a subgiant star of F spectral class that displays variations in the S-index of its CaII H & K lines and an X-ray emission that is stronger than the mean observed for its spectral class, which may be due to some magnetic activity. We attempt to Zeeman-detect and study the magnetic field of 14 Ceti and to infer its origin. We used the spectropolarimeter Narval at the Telescope Bernard Lyot, Pic du Midi Observatory, and the least squares deconvolution method to create high signal-to-noise ratio Stokes V profiles. We derived the surface-averaged longitudinal magnetic field Bl. We also measured the S-index, and the radial velocity for each observation. 14 Ceti is Zeeman-detected for the 30 observed dates spanning from August 2007 to January 2012. The average longitudinal magnetic field does not reverse its sign, reaches about -35 G, and shows some month-long-timescale variations in our 2008 and 2011-2012 observations. The S-index follows the same long-term trend as Bl. 14 Ceti is confirmed as a sing...

  12. Stokes IQUV magnetic Doppler imaging of Ap stars - II. Next generation magnetic Doppler imaging of α2 CVn

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silvester, J.; Kochukhov, O.; Wade, G. A.

    2014-05-01

    We present updated magnetic field maps of the chemically peculiar B9p star α2 CVn created using a series of time-resolved observations obtained using the high-resolution spectropolarimeters ESPaDOnS and Narval. We compare these new magnetic field maps with the original magnetic Doppler imaging maps based on spectra recorded with the MuSiCoS spectropolarimeter and taken a decade earlier. These new maps are inferred from line profiles in all four Stokes parameters using the magnetic Doppler imaging code INVERS10. With the addition of new lines exhibiting Stokes IQUV signatures, we have a unique insight into how the derived magnetic surface structure may be affected by the atomic lines chosen for inversion. We report new magnetic maps of α2 CVn created using strong iron lines (directly comparable to the published MuSiCoS maps), weak iron lines and chromium lines, all of which yield a magnetic field structure roughly consistent with that obtained previously. We then derive an updated magnetic structure map for α2 CVn based on the complete sample of Fe and Cr lines, which we believe to produce a more representative model of the magnetic topology of α2 CVn. In agreement with the previous mapping, this new updated magnetic map shows a dipolar-like field which has complex sub-structure which cannot be explained by a simple low-order multipolar geometry. Our new maps show that regardless of the atomic line or species choice, the reconstructed magnetic field is consistent with that published previously, suggesting that the reconstructed field is a realistic representation of the magnetic field of α2 CVn. α2 CVn is the first Ap star for which multiple, high-resolution magnetic maps have been derived, providing important observational evidence for the stability of both the large- and small-scale magnetic field.

  13. A 3-D study of the photosphere of HD99563: I. Pulsation analysis

    CERN Document Server

    Freyhammer, L M; Elkin, V G; Mathys, G; Savanov, I; Zima, W; Shibahashi, H; Sekiguchi, K

    2009-01-01

    We have used high-speed spectroscopy of the rapidly oscillating Ap (roAp) star HD99563 to study the pulsation amplitude and phase behaviour of elements in its stratified atmosphere over one 2.91-d rotation cycle. We identify spectral features related to patches in the surface distribution of chemical elements and study the pulsation amplitudes and phases as the patches move across the stellar disk. The variations are consistent with a distorted nonradial dipole pulsation mode. We measure a 1.6 km/s rotational variation in the mean radial velocities of H-alpha and argue that this is the first observation of H-alpha abundance spots caused by He settling through suppression of convection by the magnetic field on an oblique rotator, in support of a prime theory for the excitation mechanism of roAp star pulsation. We demonstrate that HD99563 is the second roAp star to show aspect dependence of blue-to-red running wave line profile variations in Nd iii spots.

  14. NEWLY DISCOVERED PLANETS ORBITING HD 5319, HD 11506, HD 75784 AND HD 10442 FROM THE N2K CONSORTIUM

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Giguere, Matthew J.; Fischer, Debra A.; Brewer, John M. [Department of Astronomy, Yale University, 260 Whitney Avenue, New Haven, CT 06511 (United States); Payne, Matthew J.; Johnson, John Asher [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Howard, Andrew W. [Institute for Astronomy, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, HI 96822 (United States); Isaacson, Howard T. [Department of Astronomy, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States)

    2015-01-20

    Initially designed to discover short-period planets, the N2K campaign has since evolved to discover new worlds at large separations from their host stars. Detecting such worlds will help determine the giant planet occurrence at semi-major axes beyond the ice line, where gas giants are thought to mostly form. Here we report four newly discovered gas giant planets (with minimum masses ranging from 0.4 to 2.1 M {sub Jup}) orbiting stars monitored as part of the Next 2000 target stars (N2K) Doppler Survey program. Two of these planets orbit stars already known to host planets: HD 5319 and HD 11506. The remaining discoveries reside in previously unknown planetary systems: HD 10442 and HD 75784. The refined orbital period of the inner planet orbiting HD 5319 is 641 days. The newly discovered outer planet orbits in 886 days. The large masses combined with the proximity to a 4:3 mean motion resonance make this system a challenge to explain with current formation and migration theories. HD 11506 has one confirmed planet, and here we confirm a second. The outer planet has an orbital period of 1627.5 days, and the newly discovered inner planet orbits in 223.6 days. A planet has also been discovered orbiting HD 75784 with an orbital period of 341.7 days. There is evidence for a longer period signal; however, several more years of observations are needed to put tight constraints on the Keplerian parameters for the outer planet. Lastly, an additional planet has been detected orbiting HD 10442 with a period of 1043 days.

  15. The radius and effective temperature of the binary Ap star beta CrB from CHARA/FLUOR and VLT/NACO observations

    CERN Document Server

    Bruntt, H; Merand, A; Brandao, I M; Bedding, T R; Brummelaar, T A ten; Foresto, V Coude du; Cunha, M S; Farrington, C; Goldfinger, P J; Kiss, L L; McAlister, H A; Ridgway, S T; Sturmann, J; Sturmann, L; Turner, N; Tuthill, P G

    2009-01-01

    The prospects for using asteroseismology of rapidly oscillating Ap (roAp) stars are hampered by the large uncertainty in fundamental stellar parameters. Results in the literature for the effective temperature (Teff) often span a range of 1000 K. Our goal is to reduce systematic errors and improve the Teff calibration of Ap stars based on new interferometric measurements. We obtained long-baseline interferometric observations of beta CrB using the CHARA/FLUOR instrument. To disentangle the flux contributions of the two components of this binary star, we obtained VLT/NACO adaptive optics images. We determined limb darkened angular diameters of 0.699+-0.017 mas for beta CrB A (from interferometry) and 0.415+-0.017 mas for beta CrB B (from surface brightness- color relations), corresponding to radii of 2.63+-0.09 Rsun (3.4 percent uncertainty) and 1.56+-0.07 Rsun (4.5 percent). The combined bolometric flux of the A and B components was determined from satellite UV data, spectrophotometry in the visible and broadb...

  16. Newly-Discovered Planets Orbiting HD~5319, HD~11506, HD~75784 and HD~10442 from the N2K Consortium

    CERN Document Server

    Giguere, Matthew J; Payne, Matthew J; Brewer, John M; Johnson, John Asher; Howard, Andrew W; Isaacson, Howard T

    2014-01-01

    Initially designed to discover short-period planets, the N2K campaign has since evolved to discover new worlds at large separations from their host stars. Detecting such worlds will help determine the giant planet occurrence at semi-major axes beyond the ice line, where gas giants are thought to mostly form. Here we report four newly-discovered gas giant planets (with minimum masses ranging from 0.4 to 2.1 MJup) orbiting stars monitored as part of the N2K program. Two of these planets orbit stars already known to host planets: HD 5319 and HD 11506. The remaining discoveries reside in previously-unknown planetary systems: HD 10442 and HD 75784. The refined orbital period of the inner planet orbiting HD 5319 is 641 days. The newly-discovered outer planet orbits in 886 days. The large masses combined with the proximity to a 4:3 mean motion resonance make this system a challenge to explain with current formation and migration theories. HD 11506 has one confirmed planet, and here we confirm a second. The outer pla...

  17. Know The Star, Know the Planet. IV. A Stellar Companion to the Host star of the Eccentric Exoplanet HD 8673b

    CERN Document Server

    Roberts,, Lewis C; Neyman, Christopher R; Wu, Yanqin; Riddle, Reed L; Shelton, J Christopher; Angione, John; Baranec, Christoph; Bouchez, Antonin; Bui, Khanh; Burruss, Rick; Burse, Mahesh; Chordia, Pravin; Croner, Ernest; Das, Hillol; Dekany, Richard G; Guiwits, Stephen; Hale, David; Henning, John; Law, Shrinivas Kulkarni Nicholas; McKenna, Dan; Milburn, Jennifer; Palmer, Dean; Punnadi, Sujit; Ramaprakash, A N; Roberts, Jennifer E; Tendulkar, Shriharsh P; Trinh, Thang; Troy, Mitchell; Truong, Tuan; Zolkower, Jeff

    2015-01-01

    HD 8673 hosts a massive exoplanet in a highly eccentric orbit (e=0.723). Based on two epochs of speckle interferometry a previous publication identi?ed a candidate stellar companion. We observed HD 8673 multiple times with the 10 m Keck II telescope, the 5 m Hale telescope, the 3.63 m AEOS telescope and the 1.5m Palomar telescope in a variety of ?lters with the aim of con?rming and characterizing the stellar companion. We did not detect the candidate companion, which we now conclude was a false detection, but we did detect a fainter companion. We collected astrometry and photometry of the companion on six epochs in a variety of ?lters. The measured di?erential photometry enabled us to determine that the companion is an early M dwarf with a mass estimate of 0.33-0.45 M?. The companion has a projected separation of 10 AU, which is one of the smallest projected separations of an exoplanet host binary system. Based on the limited astrometry collected, we are able to constrain the orbit of the stellar companion to...

  18. Magnetic fields and differential rotation on the pre-main sequence II: The early-G star HD 141943 - coronal magnetic field, H-alpha emission and differential rotation

    CERN Document Server

    Marsden, S C; Vélez, J C Ramírez; Alecian, E; Brown, C J; Carter, B D; Donati, J F; Dunstone, N; Hart, R; Semel, M; Waite, I A

    2011-01-01

    Spectropolarimetric observations of the pre-main sequence early-G star HD 141943 were obtained at three observing epochs (2007, 2009 and 2010). The observations were obtained using the 3.9-m Anglo-Australian telescope with the UCLES echelle spectrograph and the SEMPOL spectropolarimeter visitor instrument. The brightness and surface magnetic field topologies (given in Paper I) were used to determine the star's surface differential rotation and reconstruct the coronal magnetic field of the star. The coronal magnetic field at the 3 epochs shows on the largest scales that the field structure is dominated by the dipole component with possible evidence for the tilt of the dipole axis shifting between observations. We find very high levels of differential rotation on HD 141943 (~8 times the solar value for the magnetic features and ~5 times solar for the brightness features) similar to that evidenced by another young early-G star, HD 171488. These results indicate that a significant increase in the level of differe...

  19. CMOS APS 器件及其在星敏感器中的应用%Application of CMOS APS in Star Tracker

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李杰; 刘金国; 刘亚侠; 郝志航

    2004-01-01

    介绍了CMOS有源像元图像传感器(APS)的原理与结构特点,阐述了CMOS APS与CCD比较应用于星敏感器的潜在优势,详细介绍了CMOS图像传感器在星敏感器中的应用现状,并对基于CMOS APS与基于CCD的星敏感器的测量精度结果进行对比,展望了CMOS APS星敏感器的发展前景.

  20. Simultaneous intensive photometry and high resolution spectroscopy of $\\delta$ Scuti stars; 3, Mode identifications and physical calibrations in HD 2724

    CERN Document Server

    Bossi, M; Núñez, N S

    1998-01-01

    On the basis of our new simultaneous photometry and spectroscopy (885 uvby differential measurements in 11 nights and 154 spectrograms of the FeII 4508 A region in 5 nights), we can detect 12 probable periodicities in the variability pattern of this star, determining the frequencies of 7 without any ambiguity. Through a direct fit of pulsational models to our data, we estimate the inclination of rotational axis to be about 50 deg. and get a reliable identification of 4 modes as well as useful bits of information about the others: no retrograde mode is visible, whereas the star seems to show a certain preference for purely sectorial prograde oscillations. Finally, the attribution of our lowest frequency to the radial fundamental pulsation allows a new calibration of physical parameters. In particular, the gravity can be determined with unusual accuracy and the luminosity evaluation becomes more consistent with the Hipparcos astrometry.

  1. The circumstellar shell of the post-ABB star HD 56126: the 12C12C/12C13C isotope ratio and12C16O column density

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Barker, E.J.; Lambert, D.L.

    1998-01-01

    We have made the first detection of circumstellar absorption lines of the 12C13C A 1Πu-X 1∑g+ (Phillips) system 1-0 band and the 12C16O X 1∑+ first-overtone 2-0 band in the spectrum of the post-AGB star HD 56126 (IRAS 07134+1005). All current detections of circumstellar molecular absorption lines to

  2. Very Low-Mass Stellar and Substellar Companions to Solar-like Stars From MARVELS VI: A Giant Planet and a Brown Dwarf Candidate in a Close Binary System HD 87646

    CERN Document Server

    Ma, Bo; Wolszczan, Alex; Muterspaugh, Matthew W; Lee, Brian; Henry, Gregory W; Schneider, Donald P; Martin, Eduardo L; Niedzielski, Andrzej; Xie, Jiwei; Fleming, Scott W; Thomas, Neil; Williamson, Michael; Zhu, Zhaohuan; Agol, Eric; Bizyaev, Dmitry; da Costa, Luiz Nicolaci; Jiang, Peng; Fiorenzano, A F Martinez; Hernandez, Jonay I Gonzalez; Guo, Pengcheng; Grieves, Nolan; Li, Rui; Liu, Jane; Mahadevan, Suvrath; Mazeh, Tsevi; Nguyen, Duy Cuong; Paegert, Martin; Sithajan, Sirinrat; Stassun, Keivan; Thirupathi, Sivarani; van Eyken, Julian C; Wan, Xiaoke; Wang, Ji; Wisniewski, John P; Zhao, Bo; Zucker, Shay

    2016-01-01

    We report the detections of a giant planet (MARVELS-7b) and a brown dwarf candidate (MARVELS-7c) around the primary star in the close binary system, HD 87646. It is the first close binary system with more than one substellar circum-primary companion discovered to the best of our knowledge. The detection of this giant planet was accomplished using the first multi-object Doppler instrument (KeckET) at the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) telescope. Subsequent radial velocity observations using ET at Kitt Peak National Observatory, HRS at HET, the "Classic" spectrograph at the Automatic Spectroscopic Telescope at Fairborn Observatory, and MARVELS from SDSS-III confirmed this giant planet discovery and revealed the existence of a long-period brown dwarf in this binary. HD 87646 is a close binary with a separation of $\\sim22$ AU between the two stars, estimated using the Hipparcos catalogue and our newly acquired AO image from PALAO on the 200-inch Hale Telescope at Palomar. The primary star in the binary, HD 87646...

  3. Sparse aperture masking at the VLT II. Detection limits for the eight debris disks stars $\\beta$ Pic, AU Mic, 49 Cet, $\\eta$ Tel, Fomalhaut, g Lup, HD181327 and HR8799

    CERN Document Server

    Gauchet, L; Lagrange, A -M; Ehrenreich, D; Bonnefoy, M; Girard, J H; Boccaletti, A

    2016-01-01

    Context. The formation of planetary systems is a common, yet complex mechanism. Numerous stars have been identified to possess a debris disk, a proto-planetary disk or a planetary system. The understanding of such formation process requires the study of debris disks. These targets are substantial and particularly suitable for optical and infrared observations. Sparse Aperture masking (SAM) is a high angular resolution technique strongly contributing to probe the region from 30 to 200 mas around the stars. This area is usually unreachable with classical imaging, and the technique also remains highly competitive compared to vortex coronagraphy. Aims. We aim to study debris disks with aperture masking to probe the close environment of the stars. Our goal is either to find low mass companions, or to set detection limits. Methods. We observed eight stars presenting debris disks ( $\\beta$ Pictoris, AU Microscopii, 49 Ceti, $\\eta$ Telescopii, Fomalhaut, g Lupi, HD181327 and HR8799) with SAM technique on the NaCo ins...

  4. Evolution of Intermediate-mass X-Ray Binaries Driven by the Magnetic Braking of AP/BP Stars. I. Ultracompact X-Ray Binaries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Wen-Cong; Podsiadlowski, Philipp

    2016-10-01

    It is generally believed that ultracompact X-ray binaries (UCXBs) evolved from binaries consisting of a neutron star accreting from a low-mass white dwarf (WD) or helium star where mass transfer is driven by gravitational radiation. However, the standard WD evolutionary channel cannot produce the relatively long-period (40–60 minutes) UCXBs with a high time-averaged mass-transfer rate. In this work, we explore an alternative evolutionary route toward UCXBs, where the companions evolve from intermediate-mass Ap/Bp stars with an anomalously strong magnetic field (100–10,000 G). Including the magnetic braking caused by the coupling between the magnetic field and an irradiation-driven wind induced by the X-ray flux from the accreting component, we show that intermediate-mass X-ray binaries (IMXBs) can evolve into UCXBs. Using the MESA code, we have calculated evolutionary sequences for a large number of IMXBs. The simulated results indicate that, for a small wind-driving efficiency f = 10‑5, the anomalous magnetic braking can drive IMXBs to an ultra-short period of 11 minutes. Comparing our simulated results with the observed parameters of 15 identified UCXBs, the anomalous magnetic braking evolutionary channel can account for the formation of seven and eight sources with f = 10‑3, and 10‑5, respectively. In particular, a relatively large value of f can fit three of the long-period, persistent sources with a high mass-transfer rate. Though the proportion of Ap/Bp stars in intermediate-mass stars is only 5%, the lifetime of the UCXB phase is ≳2 Gyr, producing a relatively high number of observable systems, making this an alternative evolutionary channel for the formation of UCXBs.

  5. Detailed Abundances of Planet-Hosting Wide Binaries. II. HD80606 + HD80607

    CERN Document Server

    Mack, Claude E; Schuler, Simon C; Hebb, Leslie; Pepper, Joshua A

    2016-01-01

    We present a detailed chemical abundance analysis of 15 elements in the planet-hosting wide binary system HD80606 + HD80607 using Keck/HIRES spectra. As in our previous analysis of the planet-hosting wide binary HD20782 + HD20781, we presume that these two G5 dwarf stars formed together and therefore had identical primordial abundances. In this binary, HD80606 hosts an eccentric ($e\\approx0.93$) giant planet at $\\sim$0.5 AU, but HD80607 has no detected planets. If close-in giant planets on eccentric orbits are efficient at scattering rocky planetary material into their host stars, then HD80606 should show evidence of having accreted rocky material while HD80607 should not. Here we show that the trends of abundance versus element condensation temperature for HD80606 and HD80607 are statistically indistinguishable, corroborating the recent result of Saffe et al. This could suggest that both stars accreted similar amounts of rocky material; indeed, our model for the chemical signature of rocky planet accretion i...

  6. Diamonds in HD 97048

    CERN Document Server

    Habart, E; Natta, A; Carbillet, M

    2004-01-01

    We present adaptive optics high angular resolution ($\\sim0\\farcs$1) spectroscopic observations in the 3 $\\mu$m region of the Herbig Ae/Be star HD 97048. For the first time, we spatially resolve the emission in the diamond features at 3.43 and 3.53 $\\mu$m and in the adjacent continuum. Using both the intensity profiles along the slit and reconstructed two-dimensional images of the object, we derive full-width at half-maximum sizes consistent with the predictions for a circumstellar disk seen pole-on. The diamond emission originates in the inner region ($R \\lesssim 15$ AU) of the disk.

  7. LOCATING PLANETESIMAL BELTS IN THE MULTIPLE-PLANET SYSTEMS HD 128311, HD 202206, HD 82943, AND HR 8799

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In addition to the Sun, six other stars are known to harbor multiple planets and debris disks: HD 69830, HD 38529, HD 128311, HD 202206, HD 82943, and HR 8799. In this paper, we set constraints on the location of the dust-producing planetesimals around the latter four systems. We use a radiative transfer model to analyze the spectral energy distributions of the dust disks (including two new Spitzer IRS spectra presented in this paper), and a dynamical model to assess the long-term stability of the planetesimals' orbits. As members of a small group of stars that show evidence of harboring a multiple planets and planetesimals, their study can help us learn about the diversity of planetary systems.

  8. Searching for young Jupiter analogs around AP Col: L-band high-contrast imaging of the closest pre-main sequence star

    CERN Document Server

    Quanz, Sascha P; Janson, Markus; Avenhaus, Henning; Meyer, Michael R; Hillenbrand, Lynne A

    2012-01-01

    The nearby M-dwarf AP Col was recently identified by Riedel et al. 2011 as a pre-main sequence star (age 12 - 50 Myr) situated only 8.4 pc from the Sun. The combination of its youth, distance, and intrinsically low luminosity make it an ideal target to search for extrasolar planets using direct imaging. We report deep adaptive optics observations of AP Col taken with VLT/NACO and Keck/NIRC2 in the L-band. Using aggressive speckle suppression and background subtraction techniques, we are able to rule out companions with mass m >= 0.5 - 1M_Jup for projected separations a>4.5 AU, and m >= 2 M_Jup for projected separations as small as 3 AU, assuming an age of 40 Myr using the COND theoretical evolutionary models. Using a different set of models the mass limits increase by a factor of ~2. The observations presented here are the deepest mass-sensitivity limits yet achieved within 20 AU on a star with direct imaging. While Doppler radial velocity surveys have shown that Jovian bodies with close-in orbits are rare ar...

  9. SEARCHING FOR YOUNG JUPITER ANALOGS AROUND AP COL: L-BAND HIGH-CONTRAST IMAGING OF THE CLOSEST PRE-MAIN-SEQUENCE STAR

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Quanz, Sascha P.; Avenhaus, Henning; Meyer, Michael R. [Institute for Astronomy, ETH Zurich, Wolfgang-Pauli-Strasse 27, 8093 Zurich (Switzerland); Crepp, Justin R.; Hillenbrand, Lynne A. [Department of Astrophysics, California Institute of Technology, 1200 East California Boulevard, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Janson, Markus, E-mail: quanz@astro.phys.ethz.ch [Department of Astrophysical Sciences, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544 (United States)

    2012-08-01

    The nearby M-dwarf AP Col was recently identified by Riedel et al. as a pre-main-sequence star (age 12-50 Myr) situated only 8.4 pc from the Sun. The combination of its youth, distance, and intrinsically low luminosity make it an ideal target to search for extrasolar planets using direct imaging. We report deep adaptive optics observations of AP Col taken with VLT/NACO and Keck/NIRC2 in the L band. Using aggressive speckle suppression and background subtraction techniques, we are able to rule out companions with mass m {>=} 0.5-1 M{sub Jup} for projected separations a > 4.5 AU, and m {>=} 2 M{sub Jup} for projected separations as small as 3 AU, assuming an age of 40 Myr using the COND theoretical evolutionary models. Using a different set of models, the mass limits increase by a factor of {approx}>2. The observations presented here are the deepest mass-sensitivity limits yet achieved within 20 AU on a star with direct imaging. While Doppler radial velocity surveys have shown that Jovian bodies with close-in orbits are rare around M-dwarfs, gravitational microlensing studies predict that 17{sup +6}{sub -9}% of these stars host massive planets with orbital separations of 1-10 AU. Sensitive high-contrast imaging observations, like those presented here, will help to validate results from complementary detection techniques by determining the frequency of gas giant planets on wide orbits around M-dwarfs.

  10. Shadows and cavities in protoplanetary disks: HD163296, HD141569A, and HD150193A in polarized light

    CERN Document Server

    Garufi, Antonio; Schmid, Hans Martin; Avenhaus, Henning; Buenzli, Esther; Wolf, Sebastian

    2014-01-01

    The morphological evolution of dusty disks around young (few Myr-old) stars is pivotal to better understand planet formation. Since both dust grains and the global disk geometry evolve on short timescale, high-resolution imaging of a sample of objects may provide important hints towards such an evolution. We enlarge the sample of protoplanetary disks imaged in polarized light with high-resolution by observing the Herbig Ae/Be stars HD163296, HD141569A, and HD150193A. We integrate our data with previous datasets to paint a larger picture of their morphology. We report a weak detection of the disk around HD163296 in both H and Ks band. The disk is resolved as a broken ring structure with a significan surface brightness drop inward of 0.6 arcsec. No sign of extended polarized emission is detected from the disk around HD141569A and HD150193A. We propose that the absence of scattered light in the inner 0.6 arcsec around HD163296 and the non-detection of the disk around HD150193A may be due to similar geometric fac...

  11. APS星敏感器探测灵敏度研究%Study on detection sensitivity of APS star tracker

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘金国; 李杰; 郝志航

    2006-01-01

    从噪声中信号的检测理论着手,推导了恒星信号在有源像元传感器(APS)像面的响应电子数的表示方法,介绍了APS的主要噪声及噪声模型计算,得出了ASP星敏感器的信噪比,并用信噪比阈值推导出APS星敏感器的探测灵敏度模型.通过对典型APS IBIS5的实例计算,得出在常规光学系统设计参数下,当信噪比阈值为8.1,探测概率为99.9%时,探测灵敏度可达到6.5星等.

  12. Evolution of intermediate-mass X-ray binaries driven by magnetic braking of Ap/Bp stars: I. ultracompact X-ray binaries

    CERN Document Server

    Chen, Wen-Cong

    2016-01-01

    It is generally believed that Ultracompact X-ray binaries (UCXBs) evolved from binaries consisting of a neutron star accreting from a low-mass white dwarf or helium star where mass transfer is driven by gravitational radiation. However, the standard white-dwarf evolutionary channel cannot produce the relatively long-period ($40 - 60$\\,min) UCXBs with high time-averaged mass-transfer rate. In this work, we explore an alternative evolutionary route toward UCXBs where the companions evolve from intermediate-mass Ap/Bp stars with an anomalously strong magnetic field ($100 - 10000$\\,G). Including the magnetic braking caused by the coupling between the magnetic field and an irradiation-driven wind induced by the X-ray flux from the accreting component, we show that intermediate-mass X-ray binaries (IMXBs) can evolve into UCXBs. Using the \\emph{MESA} code, we have calculated evolutionary sequences for a large number of IMXBs. The simulated results indicate that, for a small wind-driving efficiency $f=10^{-5}$, the a...

  13. Two Small Planets Transiting HD 3167

    CERN Document Server

    Vanderburg, Andrew; Duev, Dmitry A; Jensen-Clem, Rebecca; Latham, David W; Mayo, Andrew W; Baranec, Christoph; Berlind, Perry; Kulkarni, Shrinivas; Law, Nicholas M; Nieberding, Megan N; Riddle, Reed; Salama, Maissa

    2016-01-01

    We report the discovery of two super-Earth-sized planets transiting the bright (V = 8.94, K = 7.07) nearby late G-dwarf HD 3167, using data collected by the K2 mission. The inner planet, HD 3167 b, has a radius of 1.6 R_e and an ultra-short orbital period of only 0.96 days. The outer planet, HD 3167 c, has a radius of 2.9 R_e and orbits its host star every 29.85 days. At a distance of just 45.8 +/- 2.2 pc, HD 3167 is one of the closest and brightest stars hosting multiple transiting planets, making HD 3167 b and c well suited for follow-up observations. The star is chromospherically inactive and slowly rotating, ideal for radial velocity observations to measure the planets' masses. The outer planet is large enough that it likely has a thick gaseous envelope which could be studied via transmission spectroscopy. Planets transiting bright, nearby stars like HD 3167 are valuable objects to study leading up to the launch of the James Webb Space Telescope.

  14. CMOS APS噪声对星斑质心定位精度的影响%CMOS APS Noise Effect on Position Accuracy of Star Tracker

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    史少龙; 尹达一

    2013-01-01

    CCD作为星敏感器探测器的技术已经比较成熟,但其瓶颈限制也日渐显露.本文以IBIS5-B-1300A探测器为例,具体分析CMOS APS各种噪声对星敏感器星像质心定位精度的影响,在理论上分析CMOS探测器所能达到的质心定位精度上限,并通过建模仿真验证理论分析结果,得出弥散斑束腰宽度为0.7,开窗大小为5×5时质心算法精度最高,固定模式噪声(FPN)对质心定位精度影响最大等结论,为星敏感器探测器的选型以及提高系统星点定位精度的潜力提供理论上的依据和支持.%The technology of CCD as a star sensor starlight detector has been very mature,but the bottleneck is becoming exposed.On the basis of parameters of IBIS5-B-1300A,the article analyzes CMOS APS noise effects on position accuracy of star sensor,obtains the maximum star position accuracy which a CMOS APS sensor can achieve and verifies the theoretical analysis results through modeling and simulation.Then two conclusions are drawn.First,when gauss dispersion radius is 0.7 and the windows size is 5 × 5,we can obtain optimized subpixel accuracy; Second,Fixed Pattern Noise(FPN) has the greatest effect on the accuracy of centroid algorithm.This article provides a theoretical basis and support for the selection of the starlight detector for a star sensor system.

  15. The magnetic field of the double-lined spectroscopic binary system HD 5550

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alecian, E.; Tkachenko, A.; Neiner, C.; Folsom, C. P.; Leroy, B.

    2016-05-01

    Context. The origin of fossil fields in intermediate- and high-mass stars is poorly understood, as is the interplay between binarity and magnetism during stellar evolution. Thus we have begun a study of the magnetic properties of a sample of intermediate-mass and massive short-period binary systems as a function of binarity properties. Aims: This paper specifically aims to characterise the magnetic field of HD 5550, a double-lined spectroscopic binary system of intermediate mass. Methods: We gathered 25 high-resolution spectropolarimetric observations of HD 5550 using the instrument Narval. We first fitted the intensity spectra using Zeeman/ATLAS9 LTE synthetic spectra to estimate the effective temperatures, microturbulent velocities, and the abundances of some elements of both components, as well as the light ratio of the system. We then applied the multi-line least-square deconvolution (LSD) technique to the intensity and circularly polarised spectra, which provided us with mean LSD I and V line profiles. We fitted the Stokes I line profiles to determine the radial and projected rotational velocities of both stars. We then analysed the shape and evolution of the V profiles using the oblique rotator model to characterise the magnetic fields of both stars. Results: We confirm the Ap nature of the primary, which has previously been reported, and find that the secondary displays spectral characteristics typical of an Am star. While a magnetic field is clearly detected in the lines of the primary, no magnetic field is detected in the secondary in any of our observations. If a dipolar field were present at the surface of the Am star, its polar strength must be below 40 G. The faint variability observed in the Stokes V profiles of the Ap star allowed us to propose a rotation period of 6.84-0.39+0.61 d, which is close to the orbital period (~6.82 d), suggesting that the star is synchronised with its orbit. By fitting the variability of the V profiles, we propose that the

  16. Asteroseismic analysis of the roAp star alpha Circini: 84 days of high-precision photometry from the WIRE satellite

    CERN Document Server

    Bruntt, H; Cunha, M S; Brandao, I M; Handler, G; Bedding, T R; Medupe, T; Buzasi, D L; Mashigo, D; Zhang, I; Van Wyk, F

    2009-01-01

    We present a detailed study of the pulsation of alpha Circini, the brightest of the rapidly oscillating Ap stars. We have obtained 84 days of high-precision photometry from four runs with the star tracker on the WIRE satellite. Simultaneously, we collected ground-based Johnson B observations on 16 nights at the South African Astronomical Observatory. In addition to the dominant oscillation mode at 2442 microHz, we detect two new modes that lie symmetrically around the principal mode to form a triplet. The average separation between these modes is 30.173+-0.004 microHz and they are nearly equidistant with the separations differing by only 3.9 nHz. We compare the observed frequencies with theoretical pulsation models based on constraints from the recently determined interferometric radius and effective temperature, and the recently updated Hipparcos parallax. We show that the theoretical large separations for models of alpha Cir with global parameters within the 1-sigma observational uncertainties vary between ...

  17. The Multiple System HD 27638

    CERN Document Server

    Torres, G

    2005-01-01

    We report spectroscopic observations of HD 27638B, the secondary in a visual binary in which the physically associated primary (separation approximately 19 arcsec) is a B9V star. The secondary shows strong Li 6708 absorption suggesting youth, and has attracted attention in the past as a candidate post-T Tauri star although this has subsequently been ruled out. It was previously known to be a double-lined spectroscopic binary (F8+G6) with a period of 17.6 days, and to show velocity residuals indicating a more distant massive third companion with a period of at least 8 years. Based on our radial velocity measurements covering more than two cycles of the outer orbit, along with other measurements, we derive an accurate triple orbital solution giving an outer period of 9.447 +/- 0.017 yr. The third object is more massive than either of the other two components of HD 27638B, but is not apparent in the spectra. We derive absolute visual magnitudes and effective temperatures for the three visible stars in HD 27638. ...

  18. Sparse aperture masking at the VLT. II. Detection limits for the eight debris disks stars β Pic, AU Mic, 49 Cet, η Tel, Fomalhaut, g Lup, HD 181327 and HR 8799

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gauchet, L.; Lacour, S.; Lagrange, A.-M.; Ehrenreich, D.; Bonnefoy, M.; Girard, J. H.; Boccaletti, A.

    2016-10-01

    Context. The formation of planetary systems is a common, yet complex mechanism. Numerous stars have been identified to possess a debris disk, a proto-planetary disk or a planetary system. The understanding of such formation process requires the study of debris disks. These targets are substantial and particularly suitable for optical and infrared observations. Sparse aperture masking (SAM) is a high angular resolution technique strongly contributing to probing the region from 30 to 200 mas around the stars. This area is usually unreachable with classical imaging, and the technique also remains highly competitive compared to vortex coronagraphy. Aims: We aim to study debris disks with aperture masking to probe the close environment of the stars. Our goal is either to find low-mass companions, or to set detection limits. Methods: We observed eight stars presenting debris disks (β Pictoris, AU Microscopii, 49 Ceti, η Telescopii, Fomalhaut, g Lupi, HD 181327, and HR 8799) with SAM technique on the NaCo instrument at the Very Large Telescope (VLT). Results: No close companions were detected using closure phase information under 0.5'' of separation from the parent stars. We obtained magnitude detection limits that we converted to Jupiter masses detection limits using theoretical isochrones from evolutionary models. Conclusions: We derived upper mass limits on the presence of companions in the area of a few times the telescope's diffraction limits around each target star. Based on observations collected at the European Southern Observatory (ESO) during runs 087.C-0450(A), 087.C-0450(B) 087.C-0750(A), 088.C-0358(A).All magnitude detection limits maps are only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (http://130.79.128.5) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/595/A31

  19. New visual companions of solar-type stars within 25 pc

    OpenAIRE

    Chini, R.; Fuhrmann, K.; Domínguez, A. Barr; Nuñez, F. Pozo; Westhues, C.; Hodapp, K.

    2013-01-01

    We report the discovery of faint common-proper-motion companions to the nearby southern solar-type stars HD43162, HD67199, HD114837, HD114853, HD129502, HD165185, HD197214, and HD212330 from near-infrared imaging and astrometry. We also confirm the previously identified tertiary components around HD165401 and HD188088. Since the majority of these stars were already known as binaries, they ascend now to higher-level systems. A particularly interesting case is the G6.5V BYDra-type variable HD43...

  20. Stokes $IQUV$ magnetic Doppler imaging of Ap stars - III. Next generation chemical abundance mapping of Alpha 2 CVn

    CERN Document Server

    Silvester, James; Wade, Gregg A

    2014-01-01

    In a previous paper we presented an updated magnetic field map for the chemically peculiar star Alpha 2 CVn using ESPaDOnS and Narval time-resolved high-resolution Stokes $IQUV$ spectra. In this paper we focus on mapping various chemical element distributions on the surface of Alpha 2 CVn. With the new magnetic field map and new chemical abundance distributions we can investigate the interplay between the chemical abundance structures and the magnetic field topology on the surface of Alpha 2 CVn. Previous attempts at chemical abundance mapping of Alpha 2 CVn relied on lower resolution data. With our high resolution (R=65,000) dataset we present nine chemical abundance maps for the elements O, Si, Cl, Ti, Cr, Fe, Pr, Nd and Eu. We also derive an updated magnetic field map from Fe and Cr lines in Stokes $IQUV$ and O and Cl in Stokes $IV$. These new maps are inferred from line profiles in Stokes $IV$ using the magnetic Doppler imaging code Invers10. We examine these new chemical maps and investigate correlations...

  1. Stokes $IQUV$ Magnetic Doppler Imaging of Ap stars II: Next Generation Magnetic Doppler Imaging of $\\alpha^2$ CVn

    CERN Document Server

    Silvester, J; Wade, G A

    2014-01-01

    We present updated magnetic field maps of the chemically peculiar B9p star $\\alpha^2$ CVn created using a series of time resolved observations obtained using the high resolution spectropolarimeters ESPaDOnS and Narval. We compare these new magnetic field maps with the original magnetic Doppler imaging maps based on spectra recorded with the MuSiCoS spectropolarimeter and taken a decade earlier. These new maps are inferred from line profiles in all four Stokes parameters using the magnetic Doppler imaging code INVERS10. With the addition of new lines exhibiting Stokes $IQUV$ signatures we have a unique insight into how the derived magnetic surface structure may be affected by the atomic lines chosen for inversion. We report new magnetic maps of $\\alpha^2$ CVn created using strong iron lines (directly comparable to the published MuSiCoS maps), weak iron lines and chromium lines, all of which yield a magnetic field structure roughly consistent with that obtained previously. We then derive an updated magnetic str...

  2. Reproducing the observed abundances in RCB and HdC stars with post-double degenerate merger models - constraints on merger and post-merger simulations and physics processes

    CERN Document Server

    Menon, Athira; Denissenkov, Pavel A; Clayton, Geoffrey C; Staff, Jan; Pignatari, Marco; Paxton, Bill

    2012-01-01

    The R Coronae Borealis (RCB) stars along with the H-deficient Carbon stars (HdCs) and Extreme Helium stars (EHes), are believed to be the results of He-CO WD mergers. Their H-poor, C-rich atmospheres are characterized by very unusual isotopic ratios such as extremely low O16/O18 ~ 1 - 10, C12/C13 >= 100, and enhancements up to 2.6 dex in F and in s-process elements from Zn to La, compared to solar. As shown before such O-isotopic ratios cannot result from the dynamic double-degenerate merger phase. We therefore investigate now the role of the long-term post-merger evolution and nucleosynthesis. We construct post-merger 1D spherical models based on realistic merger progenitor models and the outcome of our previous hydrodynamic simulations and follow their evolution into the RCB domain of the HR diagram. Along with surface convection zones, we adopt a model for extra mixing that is meant to represent processes driven by rotation originating in the dynamical merger. We perform complete multi-zone post-processing...

  3. Differential asteroseismic study of seismic twins observed by CoRoT; Comparison of HD 175272 with HD 181420

    CERN Document Server

    Ozel, N; Dupret, M A; Bruntt, H; Barban, C; Deheuvels, S; Garc'\\ia, R A; Michel, E; Samadi, R; Baudin, F; Mathur, S; Régulo, C; Auvergne, M; Morel, P; Pichon, B

    2013-01-01

    The CoRoT short asteroseismic runs give us the opportunity to observe a large variety of late-type stars through their solar-like oscillations. We report the observation and modeling of the F5V star HD 175272. Our aim is to define a method for extracting as much information as possible from a noisy oscillation spectrum. We followed a differential approach that consists of using a well-known star as a reference to characterize another star. We used classical tools such as the envelope autocorrelation function to derive the global seismic parameters of the star. We compared HD 175272 with HD 181420 through a linear approach, because they appear to be asteroseismic twins. The comparison with the reference star enables us to substantially enhance the scientific output for HD 175272. First, we determined its global characteristics through a detailed seismic analysis of HD 181420. Second, with our differential approach, we measured the difference of mass, radius and age between HD 175272 and HD 181420. We have deve...

  4. Dynamical Spot Evolution in HD 11753

    OpenAIRE

    Korhonen, H.; Hubrig, S.; Briquet, Maryline; González, J.F.; Savanov, I.

    2011-01-01

    Our recent studies of HD 11753, a late B-type star showing a HgMn peculiarity for the first time revealed the presence of a fast dynamical evolution of chemical spots on the surface of this chemically peculiar early-type star. These observations suggest a hitherto unknown physical process operating in stars with outer radiative envelopes. Furthermore, we have also discovered existence of magnetic fields on HgMn stars that were up to now considered non-magnetic. Here we will discuss the dyna...

  5. Variability of Disk Emission in Pre-Main Sequence and Related Stars. III. Exploring Structural Changes in the Pre-transitional Disk in HD 169142

    CERN Document Server

    Wagner, Kevin R; Grady, Carol A; Whitney, Barbara A; Swearingen, Jeremy R; Champney, Elizabeth H; Johnson, Alexa N; Werren, Chelsea; Russell, Ray W; Schneider, Glenn H; Momose, Munetake; Muto, Takayuki; Inoue, Akio K; Lauroesch, James T; Brown, Alexander; Fukagawa, Misato; Currie, Thayne M; Hornbeck, Jeremy; Wisniewski, John P; Woodgate, Bruce E

    2014-01-01

    We present near-IR and far-UV observations of the pre-transitional (gapped) disk in HD 169142 using NASA's Infrared Telescope Facility and Hubble Space Telescope. The combination of our data along with existing data sets into the broadband spectral energy distribution reveals variability of up to 45% between ~1.5-10 {\\mu}m over a maximum timescale of 10 years. All observations known to us separate into two distinct states corresponding to a high near-IR state in the pre-2000 epoch and a low state in the post-2000 epoch, indicating activity within the <1 AU region of the disk. Through analysis of the Pa {\\beta} and Br {\\gamma} lines in our data we derive a mass accretion rate in May 2013 of (1.5 - 2.7) x 10^-9 Msun/yr. We present a theoretical modeling analysis of the disk in HD 169142 using Monte-Carlo radiative transfer simulation software to explore the conditions and perhaps signs of planetary formation in our collection of 24 years of observations. We find that shifting the outer edge (r = 0.3 AU) of t...

  6. Abundance analysis of Am binaries and search for tidally driven abundance anomalies - III. HD 116657, HD 138213, HD 155375, HD 159560, HD 196544 and HD 204188

    OpenAIRE

    Stateva, I.; Iliev, I. Kh; Budaj, J.

    2012-01-01

    We continue here the systematic abundance analysis of a sample of Am binaries in order to search for possible abundance anomalies driven by tidal interaction in these binary systems. New CCD observations in two spectral regions (6400-6500, 6660-6760 AA) of HD116657, HD138213, HD155375, HD159560, HD196544 and HD204188 were obtained. Synthetic spectrum analysis was carried out and basic stellar properties, effective temperatures, gravities, projected rotational velocities, masses, ages and abun...

  7. Hubble Space Telescope Observations of the HD 202628 Debris Disk

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krist, John E.; Stapelfeldt, Karl R.; Bryden, Geoffrey; Plavchan, Peter

    2012-01-01

    A ring-shaped debris disk around the G2V star HD 202628 (d = 24.4 pc) was imaged in scattered light at visible wavelengths using the coronagraphic mode of the Space Telescope Imaging Spectrograph on the Hubble Space Telescope. The ring is inclined by approx.64deg from face-on, based on the apparent major/minor axis ratio, with the major axis aligned along PA = 130deg. It has inner and outer radii (> 50% maximum surface brightness) of 139 AU and 193 AU in the northwest ansae and 161 AU and 223 AU in the southeast ((Delta)r/r approx. = 0.4). The maximum visible radial extent is approx. 254 AU. With a mean surface brightnesses of V approx. = 24 mag arcsec.(sup -2), this is the faintest debris disk observed to date in reflected light. The center of the ring appears offset from the star by approx.28 AU (deprojected). An ellipse fit to the inner edge has an eccentricity of 0.18 and a = 158 AU. This offset, along with the relatively sharp inner edge of the ring, suggests the influence of a planetary-mass companion. There is a strong similarity with the debris ring around Fomalhaut, though HD 202628 is a more mature star with an estimated age of about 2 Gyr. We also provide surface brightness limits for nine other stars in our study with strong Spitzer excesses around which no debris disks were detected in scattered light (HD 377, HD 7590, HD 38858, HD 45184, HD 73350, HD 135599, HD 145229, HD 187897, and HD 201219).

  8. Large dust gaps in the transitional disks of HD 100453 and HD 34282

    CERN Document Server

    Khalafinejad, S; Marinas, N; Tielens, A G G M

    2015-01-01

    The formation of dust gaps in protoplanetary disks is one of the most important signposts of disk evolution and possibly the formation of planets. We aim to characterize the 'flaring' disk structure around the Herbig Ae/Be stars HD 100453 and HD 34282. Their spectral energy distributions (SEDs) show an emission excess between 15-40{\\mu}m, but very weak (HD 100453) and no (HD 34282) signs of the 10 and 20 {\\mu}m amorphous silicate features. We investigate whether this implies the presence of large dust gaps. In this work, spatially resolved mid-infrared Q-band images taken with Gemini North/MICHELLE are investigated. We perform radiative transfer modeling and examine the radial distribution of dust. We simultaneously fit the Q-band images and SEDs of HD 100453 and HD 34282. Our solutions require that the inner-halos and outer-disks are likely separated by large dust gaps that are depleted wih respect to the outer disk by a factor of 1000 or more. The inner edges of the outer disks of HD 100453 and HD 34282 hav...

  9. The complex circumstellar environment of HD142527

    CERN Document Server

    Verhoeff, A P; Pantin, E; Waters, L B F M; Tielens, A G G M; Honda, M; Fujiwara, H; Bouwman, J; van Boekel, R; Dougherty, S M; de Koter, A; Dominik, C; Mulders, G D

    2011-01-01

    The recent findings of gas giant planets around young A-type stars suggest that disks surrounding Herbig Ae/Be stars will develop planetary systems. An interesting case is HD142527, for which previous observations revealed a complex circumstellar environment and an unusually high ratio of infrared to stellar luminosity. Its properties differ considerably from other Herbig Ae/Be stars. This suggests that the disk surrounding HD142527 is in an uncommon evolutionary stage. We aim for a better understanding of the geometry and evolutionary status of the circumstellar material around the Herbig Ae/Be star HD142527. We map the composition and spatial distribution of the dust around HD142527. We analyze SEST and ATCA millimeter data, VISIR N and Q-band imaging and spectroscopy. We gather additional relevant data from the literature. We use the radiative transfer code MCMax to construct a model of the geometry and density structure of the circumstellar matter, which fits all of the observables satisfactorily. We find...

  10. The Pan-Pacific Planet Search. IV. Two super-Jupiters in a 3:5 resonance orbiting the giant star HD33844

    CERN Document Server

    Wittenmyer, Robert A; Butler, R P; Horner, Jonathan; Wang, Liang; Robertson, Paul; Jones, M I; Jenkins, J S; Brahm, R; Tinney, C G; Mengel, M W; Clark, J

    2015-01-01

    We report the discovery of two giant planets orbiting the K giant HD 33844 based on radial velocity data from three independent campaigns. The planets move on nearly circular orbits with semimajor axes $a_b=1.60\\pm$0.02 AU and $a_c=2.24\\pm$0.05 AU, and have minimum masses (m sin $i$) of $M_b=1.96\\pm$0.12 Mjup and $M_c=1.76\\pm$0.18 Mjup. Detailed N-body dynamical simulations show that the two planets remain on stable orbits for more than $10^6$ years for low eccentricities, and are most likely trapped in a mutual 3:5 mean-motion resonance.

  11. Periodic Variations in Ultraviolet Spectral Lines of the B0.5 Ib Star HD 64760: Evidence for Corotating Wind Streams Rooted in Surface Variations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Owocki, Stanley P.; Cranmer, Steven R.; Fullerton, Alexander W.

    1995-11-01

    We discuss recently observed periodic modulations in the UV wind lines of the B-type supergiant HD 64760, with a focus on the peculiar, upwardly bowed shape seen in isoflux contours of the absorption variations plotted against velocity and time. We show that this qualitative impression of bowed contours is quantitatively confirmed by a peak in the phase for the associated periodic variation at very nearly the same line position as the apparent bow minimum. The bowed shape is significant because it indicates that wind variations evolve both blueward and redward, i.e., toward both larger and smaller line-of-sight velocities. We show here, however, that these characteristics arise naturally from absorption by strictly accelerating corotating wind streams seen in projection against the stellar disk. The quite good agreement obtained with the observed profile variations provides strong evidence for corotating stream modulations in this wind.

  12. THE DIVERSE ORIGINS OF NEUTRON-CAPTURE ELEMENTS IN THE METAL-POOR STAR HD 94028: POSSIBLE DETECTION OF PRODUCTS OF i-PROCESS NUCLEOSYNTHESIS

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Roederer, Ian U. [Department of Astronomy, University of Michigan, 1085 S. University Ave., Ann Arbor, MI 48109 (United States); Karakas, Amanda I. [Research School of Astronomy and Astrophysics, The Australian National University, Canberra ACT 2611 (Australia); Pignatari, Marco [E.A. Milne Centre for Astrophysics, Department of Physics and Mathematics, University of Hull, HU6 7RX (United Kingdom); Herwig, Falk, E-mail: iur@umich.edu, E-mail: amanda.karakas@monash.edu, E-mail: mpignatari@gmail.com, E-mail: fherwig@uvic.ca [Joint Institute for Nuclear Astrophysics and Center for the Evolution of the Elements (JINA-CEE) (United States)

    2016-04-10

    We present a detailed analysis of the composition and nucleosynthetic origins of the heavy elements in the metal-poor ([Fe/H] = −1.62 ± 0.09) star HD 94028. Previous studies revealed that this star is mildly enhanced in elements produced by the slow neutron-capture process (s process; e.g., [Pb/Fe] = +0.79 ± 0.32) and rapid neutron-capture process (r process; e.g., [Eu/Fe] = +0.22 ± 0.12), including unusually large molybdenum ([Mo/Fe] = +0.97 ± 0.16) and ruthenium ([Ru/Fe] = +0.69 ± 0.17) enhancements. However, this star is not enhanced in carbon ([C/Fe] = −0.06 ± 0.19). We analyze an archival near-ultraviolet spectrum of HD 94028, collected using the Space Telescope Imaging Spectrograph on board the Hubble Space Telescope, and other archival optical spectra collected from ground-based telescopes. We report abundances or upper limits derived from 64 species of 56 elements. We compare these observations with s-process yields from low-metallicity AGB evolution and nucleosynthesis models. No combination of s- and r-process patterns can adequately reproduce the observed abundances, including the super-solar [As/Ge] ratio (+0.99 ± 0.23) and the enhanced [Mo/Fe] and [Ru/Fe] ratios. We can fit these features when including an additional contribution from the intermediate neutron-capture process (i process), which perhaps operated through the ingestion of H in He-burning convective regions in massive stars, super-AGB stars, or low-mass AGB stars. Currently, only the i process appears capable of consistently producing the super-solar [As/Ge] ratios and ratios among neighboring heavy elements found in HD 94028. Other metal-poor stars also show enhanced [As/Ge] ratios, hinting that operation of the i process may have been common in the early Galaxy.

  13. BVRI Photometry of nz Gem, HD 73017, HD 77247, RT Vir and 104 Her

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adelman, Saul J.; Harrell, William L.

    We examined single channel differential BVRI photometry of the cool stars NZ Gem, HD 73017, HD 77247, RT Vir and 104 Her obtained by the first author with the Four College Automated Photoelectric Telescope with of order 100 observations taken over two or more years. Four of these stars are Small-Amplitude Red Variables (SARVs). The primary period of NZ Gem (M3 II-IIIs) is about 33.70 days. HD 77247, the shortest period barium star with spectral type K0, has a photometric period of about 82 days which is close to its binary period of 80.53 days. Its check star HD 73017, a non-variable in B, V and R, is variable in I due most likely to a previously unknown cooler companion. RT Vir (M8 III) is found to be a multiperiodic star whose observations are consistent with the 155 day primary period of Lebzelter & Hinkle (2002). 104 Her (M3 III) is also multiperiodic with a primary period of 21.48 days.

  14. NEAR-INFRARED SPECTROSCOPY OF POST-AGB STARS

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    OUDMAIJER, RD; WATERS, LBFM; VANDERVEEN, WECJ; GEBALLE, TR

    1995-01-01

    The results of a medium resolution near-infrared spectral survey of 18 post-AGB candidate stars are presented. Most of the stars have near-infrared hydrogen lines in absorption, which is normal for their spectral types. Three stars, HD 101584, HD 179821 and HD 170756 have the CO first overtone bands

  15. The magnetic field of the double-lined spectroscopic binary system HD 5550

    CERN Document Server

    Alecian, E; Neiner, C; Folsom, C P; Leroy, B

    2016-01-01

    (Abridged) In the framework of the BinaMicS project, we have begun a study of the magnetic properties of a sample of intermediate-mass and massive short-period binary systems, as a function of binarity properties. We report in this paper the characterisation of the magnetic field of HD 5550, a double-lined spectroscopic binary system of intermediate-mass, using high-resolution spectropolarimetric Narval observations of HD 5550. We first fit the intensity spectra using Zeeman/ATLAS9 LTE synthetic spectra to estimate the effective temperatures, microturbulent velocities, and the abundances of some elements of both components, as well as the light-ratio of the system. We then fit the least-square deconvolved $I$ profiles to determine the radial and projected rotational velocities of both stars. We then analysed the shape and evolution of the LSD $V$ profiles using the oblique rotator model to characterise the magnetic fields of both stars. We confirm the Ap nature of the primary, previously reported in the liter...

  16. Pro Tools HD

    CERN Document Server

    Camou, Edouard

    2013-01-01

    An easy-to-follow guide for using Pro Tools HD 11 effectively.This book is ideal for anyone who already uses ProTools and wants to learn more, or is new to Pro Tools HD and wants to use it effectively in their own audio workstations.

  17. The circumstellar shell of the post-AGB star HD 56126 the $^{12}C ^{12}C \\/ ^{12}C ^{13}C$isotope ratio and $^{12}C ^{16}O$ column density

    CERN Document Server

    Bakker, E J; Lambert, Eric J. Bakker & David L.

    1998-01-01

    We have made the first detection of circumstellar absorption lines of the 12C13C (Phillips) system 1-0 band and the 12C16O first-overtone 2-0 band in the spectrum of the post-AGB star HD56126 (IRAS07134+1005). The rotational temperatures are lower for molecules with a higher permanent dipole moment. Derived relative column densities ratios are 12C12C/12C13C=36+-13, 12C16O/(12C12C+12C13C)=606+-230, and 12C16O/(12C14N+13C14N)=475+-175. The isotopic exchange reaction for 12C12C is too slow to significantly alter the 12C12C/12C13C ratio and the 12C12C to 12C13C ratio a good measure of half the carbon isotope ratio: 12C/13C=2 X 12C12C/12C13C=72+-26. A fit of the 12C12C excitation model of van Dishoeck & Black (1982) to the relative population distribution of 12C12C yields n sigma / I = 3.3 +- 1.0 X 1e-14. At r=1e16cm this translates in n=1.7e7cm-3 and dM/dt=2.5e-4Msol/year.

  18. A gas density drop in the inner 6 AU of the transition disk around the Herbig Ae star HD 139614: Further evidence for a giant planet inside the disk?

    CERN Document Server

    Carmona, A; Kamp, I; Baruteau, C; Matter, A; Ancker, M van den; Pinte, C; Kóspál, A; Audard, M; Liebhart, A; Sicilia-Aguilar, A; Pinilla, P; Regály, Zs; Güdel, M; Henning, Th; Cieza, L A; Baldovin-Saavedra, C; Meeus, G; Eiroa, C

    2016-01-01

    Context: Quantifying the gas content inside the dust gaps of transition disks is important to establish their origin. Aims: We seek to constrain the surface density of warm gas in the disk of HD 139614, a Herbig Ae star with a transition disk exhibiting a dust gap from 2.3 to 6 AU. Methods: We have obtained ESO/VLT CRIRES high-resolution spectra of CO ro-vibrational emission. We derive disk structure constraints by modeling the line profiles, the spectroastrometric signal, and the rotational diagrams using flat Keplerian disk models. Results: We detected v=1-0 12CO, 2-1 12CO, 1-0 13CO, 1-0 C18O, and 1-0 C17O ro-vibrational lines. 12CO v=1-0 lines have an average width of 14 km/s, Tgas of 450 K and an emitting region from 1 to 15 AU. 13CO and C18O lines are on average 70 and 100 K colder, 1 and 4 km/s narrower, and are dominated by emission at R>6 AU. The 12CO v=1-0 line profile indicates that if there is a gap in the gas it must be narrower than 2 AU. We find that a drop in the gas surface density (delta_gas)...

  19. The Disk and Wind of HD 104237

    Science.gov (United States)

    Danks, Anthony

    2000-07-01

    STIS GTO studies of intermediate-mass stars have revealed circumstellar disks and associated nebulosities in 44% of our sample. The largest-scale nebulosity is seen in those systems with emission in the unidentified infrared bands, which have been interpreted as being associated with C-H stretch and bend modes in small organic grains {sometimes interpreted as polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons}. We wish to test this hypothesis with coronagraphic observations of the nearby Herbig Ae star, HD 104237 {d=115pc} which shows UIB features in its ISO SWS spectrum. This system is also known to have lyman alpha in emission, and is thus a prime candidate for mapping the spatial extent of the wind and to search for the presence of a collimated outflow similar to that seen in HD 163296. We will follow up on the coronagraphic imaging with a G140M long slit spectrum at Lyman alpha, and a G140L spectrum.

  20. Numerical Evidence for Dark Star Formation: A Comment on "Weakly Interacting Massive Particle Dark Matter and First Stars: Suppression of Fragmentation in Primordial Star Formation" by Smith et al. 2012, ApJ 761, 154

    CERN Document Server

    Gondolo, Paolo; Spolyar, Douglas; Bodenheimer, Peter

    2013-01-01

    (abridged) This comment is intended to show that simulations by Smith et al. (S12) support the Dark Star (DS) scenario and even remove some potential obstacles. Our previous work illustrated that the initial hydrogen densities of the first equilibrium DSs are high, ~10^{17}/cm^3 for the case of 100 GeV WIMPs, with a stellar radius of ~2-3 AU. Subsequent authors have somehow missed the fact that equilibrium DSs have the high densities they do. S12 have numerically simulated the effect of dark matter annihilation on the contraction of a protostellar gas cloud en route to forming the first stars. They show results at a density ~5 10^{14}/cm^3, slightly higher than the value at which annihilation heating prevails over cooling. However, they are apparently unable to reach the ~10^{17}/cm^3 density of our hydrostatic DS solutions. We are in complete agreement with their physical result that the gas keeps collapsing to densities > 5 10^{14}/cm^3, as it must before equilibrium DSs can form. However we are in disagree...

  1. Cometary grains in the HD 32297 debris disk

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Y.-G.; Li, Aigen

    2016-07-01

    HD 32297 is a young A-type star with a bright edge-on debris disk. The dust thermal emission spectral energy distribution and scattered starlight spectrum are simultaneously modeled in terms of porous cometary grains. Our modeling suggests that, similar to the solar system, the debris disk around HD 32297 may have an inner warm ring and an outer cold disk which are seen in other young debris disks as well.

  2. On the variability of HD 170699 - a possible COROT target

    CERN Document Server

    Alvarez, M; Parrao, L; Pena, J H; Machado, L Fox; Poretti, E; Martin-Ruiz, S; Amado, P; Garrido, R; Aerts, C; Csurby, Z; Paparo, M

    2008-01-01

    We present the analysis of the variability of HD 170699, a COROT star showing the characteristics of a non evolutionary Delta Scuti star with high rotational velocity. There is a clear period of 10.45 c/d with 5.29 mmag amplitude in the y filter. From the data, it can be seen that the star shows multi-periodicity and it is necessary to add more frequencies to adjust the observations

  3. LOOKING FOR A CONNECTION BETWEEN THE Am PHENOMENON AND HYBRID {delta} Sct -{gamma} Dor PULSATION: DETERMINATION OF THE FUNDAMENTAL PARAMETERS AND ABUNDANCES OF HD 114839 AND BD +18 4914

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hareter, M.; Weiss, W. [Department of Astronomy, University of Vienna, Tuerkenschanzstrasse 17, A-1180 Wien (Austria); Fossati, L. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Open University, Walton Hall, Milton Keynes MK6 7AA (United Kingdom); Suarez, J. C. [Instituto de Astrofisica de Andalucia (CSIC), Glorieta de la Astronomia S/N, 18008, Granada (Spain); Uytterhoeven, K. [Kiepenheuer-Institut fuer Sonnenphysik, Schoeneckstr. 6, D-79104 Freiburg (Germany); Rainer, M.; Poretti, E., E-mail: hareter@astro.univie.ac.at [INAF-Osservatorio Astronomico di Brera, Via E. Bianchi 46, 23807, Merate (Saint Lucia) (Italy)

    2011-12-20

    {delta} Sct-{gamma} Dor hybrids pulsate simultaneously in p- and g-modes, which carry information on the structure of the envelope as well as to the core. Hence, they are key objects for investigating A and F type stars with asteroseismic techniques. An important requirement for seismic modeling is small errors in temperature, gravity, and chemical composition. Furthermore, we want to investigate the existence of an abundance indicator typical for hybrids, something that is well established for the roAp stars. Previous to the present investigation, the abundance pattern of only one hybrid and another hybrid candidate has been published. We obtained high-resolution spectra of HD 114839 and BD +18 4914 using the SOPHIE spectrograph of the Observatoire de Haute-Provence and the HARPS spectrograph at ESO La Silla. For each star we determined fundamental parameters and photospheric abundances of 16 chemical elements by comparing synthetic spectra with the observations. We compare our results to that of seven {delta} Sct and nine {gamma} Dor stars. For the evolved BD +18 4914 we found an abundance pattern typical for an Am star, but could not confirm this peculiarity for the less evolved star HD 114839, which is classified in the literature as uncertain Am star. Our result supports the concept of evolved Am stars being unstable. With our investigation we nearly doubled the number of spectroscopically analyzed {delta} Sct-{gamma} Dor hybrid stars, but did not yet succeed in identifying a spectroscopic signature for this group of pulsating stars. A statistically significant spectroscopic investigation of {delta} Sct- {gamma} Dor hybrid stars is still missing, but would be rewarding considering the asteroseismological potential of this group.

  4. A Habitable Planet around HD 85512?

    CERN Document Server

    Kaltenegger, L; Pepe, F

    2011-01-01

    Aims: In this study we assess the habitability of HD85512b, a 3.6M_Earth planet orbiting a K5V star. The radial velocity data and orbital parameters for HD 85512 b have just been published, based on data from the dedicated HARPS-upgrade GTO program. Methods: This paper outlines a simple approach to evaluate habitability of rocky planets from radial velocity (RV) searches by using atmospheric models of rocky planets with H2O/CO2/N2 atmospheres, like Earth. We focus our analysis on HD 85512 b. To first order the limits of the Habitable Zone depend on the effective stellar flux distribution in wavelength and time, the planet's Bond albedo, and greenhouse gas effects in this approach. We also discuss the dependence of habitability on the measurement accuracies. Results: We provide a simple set of parameters which can be used for evaluating current and future planet candidates from RV searches for their potential habitability. We find that HD 85512 b could be potentially habitable if the planet exhibits more than ...

  5. Formation of the resonant system HD 60532

    CERN Document Server

    Sandor, Zsolt

    2010-01-01

    Among multi-planet planetary systems there are a large fraction of resonant systems. Studying the dynamics and formation of these systems can provide valuable informations on processes taking place in protoplanetary disks where the planets are thought have been formed. The recently discovered resonant system HD 60532 is the only confirmed case, in which the central star hosts a pair of giant planets in 3:1 mean motion resonance. We intend to provide a physical scenario for the formation of HD 60532, which is consistent with the orbital solutions derived from the radial velocity measurements. Observations indicate that the system is in an antisymmetric configuration, while previous theoretical investigations indicate an asymmetric equilibrium state. The paper aims at answering this discrepancy as well. We performed two-dimensional hydrodynamical simulations of thin disks with an embedded pair of massive planets. Additionally, migration and resonant capture are studied by gravitational N-body simulations that a...

  6. The Dispersal of Young Stars and the Greater Sco-Cen Association

    CERN Document Server

    Mamajek, E E

    2001-01-01

    We review topics related to the dispersal of young stars from their birth-sites, and focus in particular on the entourage of young stars related to the ongoing star-formation event in the Sco-Cen OB association. We conduct a follow-up kinematic study to that presented in Mamajek, Lawson, & Feigelson (2000; ApJ 544, 356) amongst nearby, isolated, young stars. In addition to the eta Cha and TW Hya groups, we find several more intriguing Sco-Cen outlier candidates: most notably beta Pic, PZ Tel, HD 199143, and HD 100546. We discuss the connection between Sco-Cen and the southern ``150 pc Conspiracy'' molecular clouds, and in particular, Corona Australis. The kinematic evidence suggests that many of the nearby, isolated ~10 Myr-old stars were born near Sco-Cen during the UCL and LCC starbursts 10-15 Myr ago. We hypothesize that these stars inherited 5-10 km/s velocities moving away from Sco-Cen, either through molecular cloud turbulence, or through formation in molecular clouds associated with the expanding S...

  7. Kepler Observations of the Asteroseismic Binary HD 176465

    CERN Document Server

    White, T R; Aguirre, V Silva; Ball, W H; Bedding, T R; Chaplin, W J; Christensen-Dalsgaard, J; Garcia, R A; Gizon, L; Stello, D; Aigrain, S; Antia, H M; Appourchaux, T; Bazot, M; Campante, T L; Creevey, O L; Davies, G R; Elsworth, Y P; Gaulme, P; Handberg, R; Hekker, S; Houdek, G; Howe, R; Huber, D; Karoff, C; Marques, J P; Mathur, S; McQuillan, A; Metcalfe, T S; Mosser, B; Nielsen, M B; Régulo, C; Salabert, D; Stahn, T

    2016-01-01

    Binary star systems are important for understanding stellar structure and evolution, and are especially useful when oscillations can be detected and analysed with asteroseismology. However, only four systems are known in which solar-like oscillations are detected in both components. Here, we analyse the fifth such system, HD 176465, which was observed by Kepler. We carefully analysed the system's power spectrum to measure individual mode frequencies, adapting our methods where necessary to accommodate the fact that both stars oscillate in a similar frequency range. We also modelled the two stars independently by fitting stellar models to the frequencies and complementary parameters. We are able to cleanly separate the oscillation modes in both systems. The stellar models produce compatible ages and initial compositions for the stars, as is expected from their common and contemporaneous origin. Combining the individual ages, the system is about 3.0$\\pm$0.5 Gyr old. The two components of HD 176465 are young phy...

  8. HD148937: a multiwavelength study of the third Galactic member of the Of?p class

    CERN Document Server

    Naze, Y; Rauw, G; Martins, F; Pollock, A M T; Bond, H E

    2008-01-01

    Three Galactic O-type stars belong to the rare class of Of?p objects: HD108, HD191612, and HD148937. The first two stars show a wealth of phenomena, including magnetic fields and strong X-ray emission, light variability, and dramatic periodic spectral variability. We present here the first detailed optical and X-ray study of the third Galactic Of?p star, HD148937. Spectroscopic monitoring has revealed low-level variability in the Balmer and HeII4686 lines, but constancy at HeI and CIII4650. The Ha line exhibits profile variations at a possible periodicity of ~7d. Model atmosphere fits yield T_{eff}=41000+-2000K, log(g)=4.0+-0.1, Mdot_{sph}1700km/s), and an order-of-magnitude overluminosity compared to normal O stars (log [L_X^unabs/L_BOL] ~ -6).

  9. Gas in the protoplanetary disc of HD 169142 : Herschel's view

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Meeus, G.; Pinte, C.; Woitke, P.; Montesinos, B.; Mendigutia, I.; Riviere-Marichalar, P.; Eiroa, C.; Mathews, G. S.; Vandenbussche, B.; Howard, C. D.; Roberge, A.; Sandell, G.; Duchene, G.; Menard, F.; Grady, C. A.; Dent, W. R. F.; Kamp, I.; Augereau, J. C.; Thi, W. F.; Tilling, I.; Alacid, J. M.; Andrews, S.; Ardila, D. R.; Aresu, G.; Barrado, D.; Brittain, S.; Ciardi, D. R.; Danchi, W.; Fedele, D.; de Gregorio-Monsalvo, I.; Heras, A.; Huelamo, N.; Krivov, A.; Lebreton, J.; Liseau, R.; Martin-Zaidi, C.; Mora, A.; Morales-Calderon, M.; Nomura, H.; Pantin, E.; Pascucci, I.; Phillips, N.; Podio, L.; Poelman, D. R.; Ramsay, S.; Riaz, B.; Rice, K.; Solano, E.; White, G. J.; Williams, J. P.; Wright, G.; Walker, H.

    2010-01-01

    In an effort to simultaneously study the gas and dust components of the disc surrounding the young Herbig Ae star HD 169142, we present far-IR observations obtained with the PACS instrument onboard the Herschel Space Observatory. This work is part of the open time key program GASPS, which is aimed a

  10. Constraints on the Formation of the Planet Around HD188753A

    CERN Document Server

    Jang-Condell, H

    2005-01-01

    The recent discovery of a Jupiter-mass planet in the close binary star system HD188753 poses a problem for planet formation theory. A circumstellar disk around the planet's parent star would be truncated at 1.3 AU, leaving little material available for planet formation. In this paper, we attempt to model a disk around HD188753, exploring a range of parameters constrained by observations of protoplanetary disks. We find that the in situ formation of the planet around HD188753 is extremely unlikely, and that the planet must have formed before the capture of the close stellar companion.

  11. Dynamical Stability and Habitability of a Terrestrial Planet in HD74156

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gino, M. C.

    2003-12-01

    The detection of extrasolar terrestrial planets located in the habitable regions of a star system is presently beyond our observational technologies. However, systems with multiple Jupiter-like extrasolar planets may prove to be candidates for supporting terrestrial planets provided that stable regions exist. The results of numerical integrations for the systems HD74156 and HD12661, each of which have two Jovian-type planets orbiting their parent star, demonstrates that a region exists in HD74156 where a terrestrial planet can remain in orbit on a timescale of 10\\^5 years, while HD12661 cannot support additional planets. The Swinburne Supercluster running the SWIFT computer code is used for the simulation of both massless test particles and Earth-mass planets to investigate their short-term dynamical stability. These results can be used to constrain the search region within HD74156 in which habitable terrestrial planets are most likely to be found.

  12. Is the X-ray pulsating companion of HD 49798 a possible type Ia supernova progenitor?

    CERN Document Server

    Liu, Dong-Dong; Wu, Cheng-Yuan; Wang, Bo

    2015-01-01

    HD 49798 (a hydrogen depleted subdwarf O6 star) with its massive white dwarf (WD) companion has been suggested to be a progenitor candidate of type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia). However, it is still uncertain whether the companion of HD 49798 is a carbon-oxygen (CO) WD or an oxygen-neon (ONe) WD. A CO WD will explode as an SN Ia when its mass grows approach to Chandrasekhar mass, while the outcome of an accreting ONe WD is likely to be a neutron star. We followed a series of Monte Carlo binary population synthesis approach to simulate the formation of ONe WD + He star systems. We found that there is almost no orbital period as large as HD 49798 with its WD companion in these ONe WD + He star systems based on our simulations, which means that the companion of HD 49798 might not be an ONe WD. We suggest that the companion of HD 49798 is most likely a CO WD, which can be expected to increase its mass to the Chandrasekhar mass limit by accreting He-rich material from HD 49798. Thus, HD 49798 with its companion may prod...

  13. Spatially and spectrally resolved 10 mu m emission in Herbig Ae/Be stars

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Boekel, R; Waters, LBFM; Dominik, C; Dullemond, CP; Tielens, AGGM; de Koter, A

    2004-01-01

    We present new mid-infrared spectroscopy of the emission from warm circumstellar dust grains in the Herbig Ae stars HD 100546. HD 97048 and HD 104237, with a spatial resolution Of of approximate to0."9. We find that the emission in the UIR bands at 8.6, 11.3 and (HD 97048 only) 12.7 mum is extended

  14. Ultraviolet spectral synthesis of HD 72660

    Science.gov (United States)

    Golriz, S. S.; Landstreet, J. D.

    2016-03-01

    The study of chemical abundances in stellar atmosphere provides a useful tool to investigate the formation and evolution history of stars. The optical wavelength range has been used almost exclusively in the past to determine the elemental abundance in A-type stars. We use high-resolution, high signal-to-noise ultraviolet spectra obtained from the STIS/NUV-MAMA instrument on board Hubble Space Telescope. The spectra available cover the wavelength ranges 1630 Å-1901 Å and 2130 Å-2887 Å. The main challenge to carrying out abundance analysis in the ultraviolet is the extreme level of line blending. Abundance analysis using single isolated spectral lines is almost completely impossible; it is necessary to model spectral windows using spectrum synthesis with fairly complete line-lists. We have used the LTE spectrum synthesis code ZEEMAN to model the UV spectrum of HD 72660, adjusting abundances for a best match for elements with 6 ≤ Z≤ 82 for which lines are present in the Vinna Atomic Line Database line-list. Abundances or upper limits are derived for 32 elements. We find that except a few, our derived abundances are slightly higher than solar values. We estimate upper limits for abundances of eleven elements and abundance values of 12 elements which have not been detected in the optical. The high abundances that we find for some heavy elements may point to radiative levitation. The presence of lanthanides plus our results, suggest the reclassification of HD 72660 as a transition object between an HgMn star and an Am star.

  15. Ultraviolet analysis of the peculiar supergiant HD 112374 = HR 4912

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bohm-Vitense, E.; Proffitt, C.

    1984-01-01

    The ultraviolet energy distribution of the metal-poor supergiant HD 112374 is analyzed based on observations from the International Ultraviolet Explorer (IUE) satellite for the region between 1200 and 2000 A. A discontinuity was found in the UV spectra at 2600 A which confirmed the low-abundance of heavy elements found by Luck et al. (1983). Values for effective temperature and log g in HD112374 were consistent with the star being a very luminous Population II semi-regular variable. The full observational results are presented in a table.

  16. Implications of the non-detection of X-ray emission from HD 149427

    CERN Document Server

    Stute, Matthias

    2011-01-01

    HD 149427 is a very enigmatic object. It has been classified either as a planetary nebula or as a D'-type symbiotic star. Its distance is also highly uncertain. Furthermore, HD 149427 is a potential jet source. We report the non-detection of X-ray emission from HD 149427 and explore the implications to its nature. We observed the object with XMM-Newton with an effective exposure time of 33.5 ks. The upper limit for the flux of the X-ray emission in the soft band (2 keV) it is about 10^-14 erg/s/cm^2. We discuss the implication of our results in light of the possible natures of HD 149427 -- being a planetary nebula or a symbiotic star, close or very distant. The derived upper limits on the mass accretion rate of the white dwarf are untypical for symbiotic stars and may favor the picture of HD 149427 being a young PN. HD 149427 might be a symbiotic star in hibernation -- if a symbiotic star at all. We estimate the possible mass-loss rate and kinetic luminosity of the jet and find no contradiction with our upper...

  17. Resolving Close Encounters: Stability in the HD 5319 and HD 7924 Planetary Systems

    CERN Document Server

    Kane, Stephen R

    2016-01-01

    Radial velocity searches for exoplanets have detected many multi-planet systems around nearby bright stars. An advantage of this technique is that it generally samples the orbit outside of inferior/superior conjunction, potentially allowing the Keplerian elements of eccentricity and argument of periastron to be well characterized. The orbital architectures for some of these systems show signs of close planetary encounters that may render the systems unstable as described. We provide an in-depth analysis of two such systems: HD 5319 and HD 7924, for which the scenario of coplanar orbits results in rapid destabilization of the systems. The poorly constrained periastron arguments of the outer planets in these systems further emphasizes the need for detailed investigations. An exhaustive scan of parameters space via dynamical simulations reveals specific mutual inclinations between the two outer planets in each system that allow for stable configurations over long timescales. We compare these configurations with ...

  18. Chemical abundances for A-and F-type supergiant stars

    CERN Document Server

    Molina, R E

    2016-01-01

    We present the stellar parameters and elemental abundances of a set of A--F-type supergiant stars HD\\,45674, HD\\,180028, HD\\,194951 and HD\\,224893 using high resolution ($R$\\,$\\sim$\\,42,000) spectra taken from ELODIE library. We present the first results of the abundance analysis for HD\\,45674 and HD\\,224893. We reaffirm the abundances for HD\\,180028 and HD\\,194951 studied previously by Luck (2014) respectively. Alpha-elements indicates that objects belong to the thin disc population. From their abundances and its location on the Hertzsprung-Russell diagram seems point out that HD\\,45675, HD\\,194951 and HD\\,224893 are in the post-first dredge-up (post-1DUP) phase and they are moving in the red-blue loop region. HD~180028, on the contary, shows typical abundances of the population I but its evolutionary status could not be satisfactorily defined.

  19. Chemical abundances for A-and F-type supergiant stars

    Science.gov (United States)

    Molina, R. E.; Rivera, H.

    2016-04-01

    We present the stellar parameters and elemental abundances of a set of A-F-type supergiant stars HD 45674, HD 180028, HD 194951 and HD 224893 using high resolution (R≈ 42,000) spectra taken from ELODIE library. We present the first results of the abundance analysis for HD 45674 and HD 224893. We reaffirm the abundances for HD 180028 and HD 194951 studied previously by Luck. Alpha-elements indicate that the objects belong to the thin disc population. Their abundances and their location on the Hertzsprung-Russell diagram seem to indicate that HD 45675, HD 194951 and HD 224893 are in the post-first dredge-up (post-1DUP) phase, and that they are moving in the red-blue loop region. HD 180028, on the contary, shows typical abundances of Population I, but its evolutionary status cannot be satisfactorily defined.

  20. New Photometrically Variable Magnetic Chemically Peculiar Stars in the ASAS-3 Archive

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hümmerich, Stefan; Paunzen, Ernst; Bernhard, Klaus

    2016-10-01

    The magnetic Ap or CP2 stars are natural atomic and magnetic laboratories. Strictly periodic changes are observed in the spectra and brightness of these stars, which allow the derivation of rotational periods. Related to this group of objects are the He-weak (CP4) and He-rich stars, some of which also undergo brightness changes due to rotational modulation. Increasing the sample size of known rotational periods among CP2/4 stars is important and will contribute to our understanding of these objects and their evolution in time. We have compiled an extensive target list of CP2/4 stars from the General Catalog of Ap, HgMn, and Am stars, including several early-type (spectral types B/A) variables of undetermined type from the International Variable Star Index. We investigated our sample stars using publicly available observations from the ASAS-3 archive. Our previous efforts in this respect led to the discovery of 323 variable stars. Using a refined analysis approach, we were able to identify another 360 stars exhibiting photometric variability in ASAS-3 data. Summary data, folded light curves and, if available, information from the literature are presented for our final sample, which is composed of 334 bona-fide {α }2 Canum Venaticorum (ACV) variables, 23 ACV candidates, and 3 eclipsing binary systems. Interesting and unusual objects are discussed in detail. In particular, we call attention to HD 66051 (V414 Pup), which is an eclipsing binary system showing obvious rotational modulation of the light curve due to the presence of an ACV variable in the system.

  1. The Puzzling Spectrum of HD 94509

    CERN Document Server

    Cowley, C R; Hubrig, S

    2015-01-01

    The spectral features of HD 94509 are highly unusual, adding an extreme to the zoo of Be and shell stars. The shell dominates the spectrum, showing lines typical for spectral types mid-A to early-F, while the presence of a late/mid B-type central star is indicated by photospheric hydrogen line wings and helium lines. Numerous metallic absorption lines have broad wings but taper to narrow cores. They cannot be fit by Voigt profiles. We aim to describe and illustrate unusual spectral features of this star, and make rough calculations to estimate physical conditions and abundances in the shell. Furthermore, the central star is characterized. We assume mean conditions for the shell. An electron density estimate is made from the Inglis-Teller formula. Excitation temperatures and column densities for Fe I and Fe II are derived from curves of growth. The neutral H column density is estimated from high Paschen members. The column densities are compared with calculations made with the photoionization code Cloudy. Atmo...

  2. A Survey for a Coeval, Comoving Group Associated with HD 141569

    CERN Document Server

    Aarnio, Alicia N; Stassun, Keivan G; Mamajek, Eric E; James, David J

    2008-01-01

    We present results of a search for a young stellar moving group associated with the star HD 141569, a nearby, isolated Herbig AeBe primary member of a 5+/-3 Myr-old triple star system on the outskirts of the Sco-Cen complex. Our spectroscopic survey identified a population of 21 Li-rich, <30 Myr-old stars within 30 degrees of HD 141569 which possess similar proper motions with the star. The spatial distribution of these Li-rich stars, however, is not suggestive of a moving group associated with the HD 141569 triplet, but rather this sample appears cospatial with Upper Scorpius and Upper Centaurus Lupus. We apply a modified moving cluster parallax method to compare the kinematics of these youthful stars with Upper Scorpius and Upper Centaurus Lupus. Eight new potential members of Upper Scorpius and five new potential members of Upper Centaurus Lupus are identified. A substantial moving group with an identifiable nucleus within 15 degrees (~30 pc) of HD 141569 is not found in this sample. Evidently, the HD 1...

  3. Stability and Formation of the Resonant System HD 73526

    CERN Document Server

    Sándor, Z; Klagyivik, P

    2007-01-01

    Based on radial velocity measurements it has been found recently that the two giant planets detected around the star HD 73526 are in 2:1 resonance. However, as our numerical integration shows, the derived orbital data for this system result in chaotic behavior of the giant planets, which is uncommon among the resonant extrasolar planetary systems. We intend to present regular (non-chaotic) orbital solutions for the giant planets in the system HD 73526 and offer formation scenarios based on combining planetary migration and sudden perturbative effects such as planet-planet scattering or rapid dispersal of the protoplanetary disk. A comparison with the already studied resonant system HD 128311, exhibiting similar behavior, is also done. The new sets of orbital solutions have been derived by the Systemic Console (www.oklo.org). The stability of these solutions has been investigated by the Relative Lyapunov indicator, while the migration and scattering effects are studied by gravitational N-body simulations apply...

  4. HD 285507b

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Quinn, Samuel N.; White, Russel J.; Latham, David W.;

    2014-01-01

    We report the discovery of the first hot Jupiter in the Hyades open cluster. HD 285507b orbits a V = 10.47 K4.5V dwarf (M * = 0.734 M ☉; R * = 0.656 R ☉) in a slightly eccentric () orbit with a period of days. The induced stellar radial velocity corresponds to a minimum companion mass of M Psin i...... = 0.917 ± 0.033 M Jup. Line bisector spans and stellar activity measures show no correlation with orbital phase, and the radial velocity amplitude is independent of wavelength, supporting the conclusion that the variations are caused by a planetary companion. Follow-up photometry indicates with high...

  5. Magnetic fields in PMS stars: HARPS spectropolarimetry of sharp-lined Herbig Ae stars

    OpenAIRE

    Järvinen, Silva P.; Carroll, Thorsten A.; Hubrig, Swetlana; Schöller, Markus; Ilyin, Ilya; Korhonen, Heidi H.; Feiden, Gregory A.

    2016-01-01

    Herbig Ae/Be-type stars are analogs of T Tauri stars in the higher mass  range. Spectropolarimetric studies involving sharp-lined Herbig Ae stars  appear to be a promising approach for the detection of their magnetic fields.  We report the results of our HARPS high-resolution spectropolarimetric  analysis of four Herbig Ae stars with low v sin i values: HD 101412,  HD 104237, HD 190073, and PDS 2. The role of contamination by the surrounding  wa...

  6. AP Music Theory Applied

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spieker, Matthew H.

    2016-01-01

    Some American high schools include Advanced Placement (AP) Music Theory within their course offerings. Students who pass the AP exam can receive college credit either as a music or humanities credit. An AP class, however, offers music students more than future college credit; it ultimately improves musicianship skills and promotes deeper…

  7. About the extrasolar multi-planet system around HD160691

    CERN Document Server

    Gozdziewski, K; Migaszewski, C; Gozdziewski, Krzysztof; Maciejewski, Andrzej J.; Migaszewski, Cezary

    2006-01-01

    We re-analyze the precision radial velocity (RV) observations of HD160691 (mu Ara) by the Anglo-Australian Planet Search Team. The star is supposed to host two Jovian companions (HD160691b, HD160691c) in long-period orbits (about 630 days and 2500 days, respectively) and a hot-Neptune (HD160691d) in about 9 days orbit. We perform a global search for the best fits in the orbital parameters space with a hybrid code employing the genetic algorithm and simplex method. The stability of Keplerian fits is verified with the N-body model of the RV signal that takes into account the dynamical constraints (so called GAMP method). Our analysis reveals a signature of the fourth, yet unknown and unconfirmed, 0.5 Jupiter-mass planet in about 307 days orbit. In overview, the global architecture of the four-planet configuration recalls the Solar system. All companions of HD160691 move in close to circular orbits. The orbits of the two inner Jovian planets are close to the 2:1 mean motion resonance (MMR). The alternative three...

  8. The Discovery of HD 37605c and a Dispositive Null Detection of Transits of HD 37605b

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Xuesong Wang, Sharon; Wright, Jason T.; Cochran, William;

    2012-01-01

    We report the radial-velocity discovery of a second planetary mass companion to the K0 V star HD 37605, which was already known to host an eccentric, P~55 days Jovian planet, HD 37605b. This second planet, HD 37605c, has a period of ~7.5 years with a low eccentricity and an Msini of ~3.4 MJup. Our...... discovery was made with the nearly 8 years of radial velocity follow-up at the Hobby-Eberly Telescope and Keck Observatory, including observations made as part of the Transit Ephemeris Refinement and Monitoring Survey (TERMS) effort to provide precise ephemerides to long-period planets for transit follow......-up. With a total of 137 radial velocity observations covering almost eight years, we provide a good orbital solution of the HD 37605 system, and a precise transit ephemeris for HD 37605b. Our dynamic analysis reveals very minimal planet-planet interaction and an insignificant transit time variation. Using...

  9. Low-amplitude and long-period radial velocity variations in giants HD 3574, 63 Cygni, and HD 216946 (Research Note)

    CERN Document Server

    Lee, B -C; Park, M -G; Hatzes, A P; Kim, K -M

    2014-01-01

    Aims. We study the low-amplitude and long-period variations in evolved stars using precise radial velocity measurements. Methods. The high-resolution, fiber-fed Bohyunsan Observatory Echelle Spectrograph (BOES) was used from September 2004 to May 2014 as part of the exoplanet search program at the Bohyunsan Optical Astronomy Observatory (BOAO). Results. We report the detection of low-amplitude and long-period orbital radial velocity variations in three evolved stars, HD 3574, 63 Cyg, and HD 216946. They have periods of 1061, 982, and 1382 days and semi-amplitudes of 376, 742, and 699 m/s, respectively.

  10. Searching for stable orbits in the HD 10180 planetary system

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laskar J.

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available A planetary system with at least seven planets has been found around the star HD 10180. However, the traditional Keplerian and n-body fits to the data provide an orbital solution that becomes unstable very quickly, which may quest the reliability of the observations. Here we show that stable orbital configurations can be obtained if general relativity and long-term dissipation raised by tides on the innermost planet are taken into account.

  11. B- and A-Type Stars in the Taurus-Auriga Star-Forming Region

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mooley, Kunal; Hillenbrand, Lynne; Rebull, Luisa; Padgett, Deborah; Knapp, Gillian

    2013-01-01

    We describe the results of a search for early-type stars associated with the Taurus-Auriga molecular cloud complex, a diffuse nearby star-forming region noted as lacking young stars of intermediate and high mass. We investigate several sets of possible O, B, and early A spectral class members. The first is a group of stars for which mid-infrared images show bright nebulae, all of which can be associated with stars of spectral-type B. The second group consists of early-type stars compiled from (1) literature listings in SIMBAD, (2) B stars with infrared excesses selected from the Spitzer Space Telescope survey of the Taurus cloud, (3) magnitude- and color-selected point sources from the Two Micron All Sky Survey, and (4) spectroscopically identified early-type stars from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey coverage of the Taurus region. We evaluated stars for membership in the Taurus-Auriga star formation region based on criteria involving: spectroscopic and parallactic distances, proper motions and radial velocities, and infrared excesses or line emission indicative of stellar youth. For selected objects, we also model the scattered and emitted radiation from reflection nebulosity and compare the results with the observed spectral energy distributions to further test the plausibility of physical association of the B stars with the Taurus cloud. This investigation newly identifies as probable Taurus members three B-type stars: HR 1445 (HD 28929), t Tau (HD 29763), 72 Tau (HD 28149), and two A-type stars: HD 31305 and HD 26212, thus doubling the number of stars A5 or earlier associated with the Taurus clouds. Several additional early-type sources including HD 29659 and HD 283815 meet some, but not all, of the membership criteria and therefore are plausible, though not secure, members.

  12. The SOPHIE search for northern extrasolar planets II. A multiple planet system around HD 9446

    OpenAIRE

    Hebrard, G.; Bonfils, X.; Segransan, D.; Moutou, C.; Delfosse, X.; Bouchy, F.; Boisse, I.; Arnold, L; Desort, M.; Diaz, R. F.; Eggenberger, A.; Ehrenreich, D.; Forveille, T.; Lagrange, A.-M.; Lovis, C.

    2010-01-01

    We report the discovery of a planetary system around HD9446, performed from radial velocity measurements secured with the spectrograph SOPHIE at the 193-cm telescope of the Haute-Provence Observatory during more than two years. At least two planets orbit this G5V, active star: HD9446b has a minimum mass of 0.7 M_Jup and a slightly eccentric orbit with a period of 30 days, whereas HD9446c has a minimum mass of 1.8 M_Jup and a circular orbit with a period of 193 days. As for most of the known m...

  13. HD 209621: Abundances of neutron-capture elements

    OpenAIRE

    Goswami, Aruna; Aoki, Wako

    2010-01-01

    High resolution spectra obtained from the Subaru Telescope High Dispersion Spectrograph have been used to update the stellar atmospheric parameters and metallicity of the star HD 209621. We have derived a metallicity of [Fe/H] = -1.93 for this star, and have found a large enhancement of carbon and of heavy elements, with respect to iron. Updates on the elemental abundances of four s-process elements (Y, Ce, Pr, Nd) along with the first estimates of abundances for a number of other heavy eleme...

  14. The AP1000 reactor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The design of the AP1000 reactor began 20 years ago when Westinghouse launched the AP600 reactor project. In fact by re-assessing AP600's safety margins Westinghouse realized that the its power output could be raised without putting at risk its safety standard. The AP1000 was born, it yields 1100 MWe. The main AP1000's design features is its passive safety (particularly after the Fukushima accident) and its modularity. The passive safety of the AP1000 implies: -) no humane intervention needed for 72 hours at least after the incident; -) no necessity for redundant complex safety systems. The modularity means that the plant, the reactor and other buildings are constructed from a choice of 300 modular units. These units can be built off-site and fit together on site. The modularity allows more construction activities to be led simultaneously and more chances to cope with the construction schedule. The NRC has approved the operation license for 30 years of the first AP1000 being built in the Usa (Vogtle plant in Georgia). 4 AP1000 are being built in China (Sanmen and Haiyang sites) and 6 others are planned in the Usa. Westinghouse is convinced that the AP1000's passive safety makes it more attractive. Let us not forget that Westinghouse was at the origin of the concept of pressurized water reactors, an idea adopted for half the nuclear power stations in the world and for all the plants now active in France. (A.C.)

  15. Spectroscopic Binaries near the North Galactic Pole Paper 24: HD 106104, 109281, 109463 and 110743

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    R. F. Griffin

    2001-06-01

    The four stars treated in this paper have been under observation with photoelectric radial-velocity spectrometers for many years. They have proved to be binaries with periods of 30, 1828, 1514 and 822 days respectively; the orbits are of modest eccentricity apart from that of HD 110743 which is indistinguishable from a circle. The mass functions are small, and no companion has been observed for any of the stars. HD 110743, a K dwarf, is much the nearest of the four, and its orbit is of short enough period for the photocentric motion to have been recognized by Hipparcos. An eleventh-magnitude star rather more than 1' away from HD 106104 is shown to be a genuine physical companion, with practically identical radial velocity, proper motion and distance modulus, although the projected separation is about 13,000 AU.

  16. Spectroscopic variability of two Oe stars

    CERN Document Server

    Rauw, G; Naze, Y; Eversberg, T; Alves, F; Arnold, W; Bergmann, T; Viegas, N G Correia; Fahed, R; Fernando, A; Gonzalez-Perez, J N; Carreira, L F Gouveia; Hempelmann, A; Hunger, T; Knapen, J H; Leadbeater, R; Dias, F Marques; Mittag, M; Moffat, A F J; Reinecke, N; Ribeiro, J; Romeo, N; Gallego, J Sanchez; Santos, E M Dos; Schanne, L; Schmitt, J H M M; Schroeder, K -P; Stahl, O; Stober, Ba; Stober, Be; Vollmann, K

    2015-01-01

    The Oe stars HD45314 and HD60848 have recently been found to exhibit very different X-ray properties: whilst HD60848 has an X-ray spectrum and emission level typical of most OB stars, HD45314 features a much harder and brighter X-ray emission, making it a so-called gamma Cas analogue. Monitoring the optical spectra could provide hints towards the origin of these very different behaviours. We analyse a large set of spectroscopic observations of HD45314 and HD60848, extending over 20 years. We further attempt to fit the H-alpha line profiles of both stars with a simple model of emission line formation in a Keplerian disk. Strong variations in the strengths of the H-alpha, H-beta, and He I 5876 emission lines are observed for both stars. In the case of HD60848, we find a time lag between the variations in the equivalent widths of these lines. The emission lines are double peaked with nearly identical strengths of the violet and red peaks. The H-alpha profile of this star can be successfully reproduced by our mod...

  17. HD depletion in starless cores

    CERN Document Server

    Sipilä, O; Harju, J

    2013-01-01

    Aims: We aim to investigate the abundances of light deuterium-bearing species such as HD, H2D+ and D2H+ in a gas-grain chemical model including an extensive description of deuterium and spin state chemistry, in physical conditions appropriate to the very centers of starless cores. Methods: We combine a gas-grain chemical model with radiative transfer calculations to simulate density and temperature structure in starless cores. The chemical model includes deuterated forms of species with up to 4 atoms and the spin states of the light species H2, H2+ and H3+ and their deuterated forms. Results: We find that HD eventually depletes from the gas phase because deuterium is efficiently incorporated to grain-surface HDO, resulting in inefficient HD production on grains. HD depletion has consequences not only on the abundances of e.g. H2D+ and D2H+, whose production depends on the abundance of HD, but also on the spin state abundance ratios of the various light species, when compared with the complete depletion model ...

  18. HD 80606: searching for the chemical signature of planet formation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saffe, C.; Flores, M.; Buccino, A.

    2015-10-01

    Context. Binary systems with similar components are ideal laboratories that allow several physical processes to be tested, such as the possible chemical pattern imprinted by the planet formation process. Aims: We explore the probable chemical signature of planet formation in the remarkable binary system HD 80606-HD 80607. The star HD 80606 hosts a giant planet with ~4 MJup detected by both transit and radial velocity techniques, which is one of the most eccentric planets detected to date. We study condensation temperature Tc trends of volatile and refractory element abundances to determine whether there is a depletion of refractories, which could be related to the terrestrial planet formation. Methods: We carried out a high-precision abundance determination in both components of the binary system via a line-by-line, strictly differential approach. First, we used the Sun as a reference and then we used HD 80606. The stellar parameters Teff, log g, [Fe/H] and vturb were determined by imposing differential ionization and excitation equilibrium of Fe I and Fe II lines, with an updated version of the program FUNDPAR, together with plane-parallel local thermodynamic equilibrium (LTE) ATLAS9 model atmospheres and the MOOG code. Then, we derived detailed abundances of 24 different species with equivalent widths and spectral synthesis with the program MOOG. The chemical patterns were compared with the solar-twins Tc trends of Meléndez et al. (2009, AJ, 704, L66) and with a sample of solar-analogue stars with [Fe/H] ~ +0.2 dex from Neves et al. (2009, A&A, 497, 563). The Tc trends were also compared mutually between both stars of the binary system. Results: From the study of Tc trends, we concluded that the stars HD 80606 and HD 80607 do not seem to be depleted in refractory elements, which is different for the case of the Sun. Then, following the interpretation of Meléndez et al. (2009), the terrestrial planet formation would have been less efficient in the components of

  19. The Spectrum of HD 3651B: An Extrasolar Nemesis?

    CERN Document Server

    Burgasser, A J

    2006-01-01

    I present detailed analysis of the near-infrared spectrum of HD 3651B, a faint, co-moving wide companion to the nearby planet-hosting star HD 3651. The presence of strong H_2O and CH_4 absorption bands confirm this source as a late T-type brown dwarf with spectral type T8. Application of the technique of Burgasser, Burrows & Kirkpatrick yields T_eff = 840+/-80 K, log(g) = 4.9+/-0.2, M = 30+/-10 M_Jup and an age in the range 0.7-3.4 Gyr, making HD 3651B a slightly warmer analog to the field T8 2MASS 0415-0935. The derived age for this companion is somewhat better constrained than estimates for its primary, which ranges from ~2 Gyr to >12 Gyr. As a widely orbiting massive object to a known planetary system that could potentially harbor terrestrial planets in its habitable zone, HD 3651B may play the role of Nemesis in this system.

  20. Planetary companions orbiting M giants HD 208527 and HD 220074

    CERN Document Server

    Lee, B -C; Park, M -G

    2012-01-01

    Aims. The purpose of the present study is to research the origin of planetary companions by using a precise radial velocity (RV) survey. Methods. The high-resolution spectroscopy of the fiber-fed Bohyunsan Observatory Echelle Spectrograph (BOES) at Bohyunsan Optical Astronomy Observatory (BOAO) is used from September 2008 to June 2012. Results. We report the detection of two exoplanets in orbit around HD 208527 and HD 220074 exhibiting periodic variations in RV of 875.5 +/- 5.8 and 672.1 +/- 3.7 days. The RV variations are not apparently related to the surface inhomogeneities and a Keplerian motion of the planetary companion is the most likely explanation. Assuming possible stellar masses of 1.6 +/- 0.4 and 1.2 +/- 0.3 M_Sun, we obtain the minimum masses for the exoplanets of 9.9 +/- 1.7 and 11.1 +/- 1.8 M_Jup around HD 208527 and HD 220074 with an orbital semi-major axis of 2.1 +/- 0.2 and 1.6 +/- 0.1 AU and an eccentricity of 0.08 and 0.14, respectively. We also find that the previously known spectral class...

  1. Late stages of the evolution of A-type stars on the main sequence: comparison between observed chemical abundances and diffusion models for 8 Am stars of the Praesepe cluster

    CERN Document Server

    Fossati, L; Monier, R; Khan, S A; Kochukhov, O; Landstreet, J; Wade, G; Weiss, W

    2007-01-01

    Aims. We aim to provide observational constraints on diffusion models that predict peculiar chemical abundances in the atmospheres of Am stars. We also intend to check if chemical peculiarities and slow rotation can be explained by the presence of a weak magnetic field. Methods. We have obtained high resolution, high signal-to-noise ratio spectra of eight previously-classified Am stars, two normal A-type stars and one Blue Straggler, considered to be members of the Praesepe cluster. For all of these stars we have determined fundamental parameters and photospheric abundances for a large number of chemical elements, with a higher precision than was ever obtained before for this cluster. For seven of these stars we also obtained spectra in circular polarization and applied the LSD technique to constrain the longitudinal magnetic field. Results. No magnetic field was detected in any of the analysed stars. HD 73666, a Blue Straggler previously considered as an Ap (Si) star, turns out to have the abundances of a no...

  2. THE DISCOVERY OF HD 37605c AND A DISPOSITIVE NULL DETECTION OF TRANSITS OF HD 37605b

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wang, Sharon Xuesong; Wright, Jason T.; Mahadevan, Suvrath [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, 525 Davey Laboratory, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802 (United States); Cochran, William; Endl, Michael; MacQueen, Phillip J. [McDonald Observatory, University of Texas, Austin, TX 78712 (United States); Kane, Stephen R.; Von Braun, Kaspar [NASA Exoplanet Science Institute, Caltech, MS 100-22, 770 South Wilson Avenue, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Henry, Gregory W. [Center of Excellence in Information Systems, Tennessee State University, 3500 John A. Merritt Boulevard, Box 9501, Nashville, TN 37209 (United States); Payne, Matthew J.; Ford, Eric B. [Department of Astronomy, University of Florida, 211 Bryant Space Science Center, P.O. Box 112055, Gainesville, FL 32611 (United States); Valenti, Jeff A. [Space Telescope Science Institute, 3700 San Martin Drive, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States); Antoci, Victoria; Dragomir, Diana; Matthews, Jaymie M. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC V6T1Z1 (Canada); Howard, Andrew W.; Marcy, Geoffrey W.; Isaacson, Howard, E-mail: xxw131@psu.edu, E-mail: jtwright@astro.psu.edu [Department of Astronomy, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States)

    2012-12-10

    We report the radial velocity discovery of a second planetary mass companion to the K0 V star HD 37605, which was already known to host an eccentric, P {approx} 55 days Jovian planet, HD 37605b. This second planet, HD 37605c, has a period of {approx}7.5 years with a low eccentricity and an Msin i of {approx}3.4 M{sub Jup}. Our discovery was made with the nearly 8 years of radial velocity follow-up at the Hobby-Eberly Telescope and Keck Observatory, including observations made as part of the Transit Ephemeris Refinement and Monitoring Survey effort to provide precise ephemerides to long-period planets for transit follow-up. With a total of 137 radial velocity observations covering almost 8 years, we provide a good orbital solution of the HD 37605 system, and a precise transit ephemeris for HD 37605b. Our dynamic analysis reveals very minimal planet-planet interaction and an insignificant transit time variation. Using the predicted ephemeris, we performed a transit search for HD 37605b with the photometric data taken by the T12 0.8 m Automatic Photoelectric Telescope (APT) and the MOST satellite. Though the APT photometry did not capture the transit window, it characterized the stellar activity of HD 37605, which is consistent of it being an old, inactive star, with a tentative rotation period of 57.67 days. The MOST photometry enabled us to report a dispositive null detection of a non-grazing transit for this planet. Within the predicted transit window, we exclude an edge-on predicted depth of 1.9% at the >>10{sigma} level, and exclude any transit with an impact parameter b > 0.951 at greater than 5{sigma}. We present the BOOTTRAN package for calculating Keplerian orbital parameter uncertainties via bootstrapping. We made a comparison and found consistency between our orbital fit parameters calculated by the RVLIN package and error bars by BOOTTRAN with those produced by a Bayesian analysis using MCMC.

  3. Enigma of Runaway Stars Solved

    Science.gov (United States)

    1997-01-01

    . In fact, this is one of the most `perfect' bow shocks of parabolic form ever observed around an OB-runaway. Moreover, the orientation of the bow shock indicates that the system is moving towards the north; its origin must therefore lie somewhere south of its present position in the sky. It also turns out that the accordingly deduced path of HD77581 crosses a well-known OB-association with the designation Vel OB1 . At the measured distance of Vel OB1 of about 6000 lightyears, the observed proper motion and radial velocity of HD77581 indicate a space velocity of 90 km/sec. With this velocity, it would have taken HD77581 and its compact companion about 2.5 million years to travel the distance between Vel OB1 and its present position. This corresponds exactly to the expected time that has passed since the supernova explosion of the progenitor star of Vela~X-1, as deduced from the observed properties of the binary system. The puzzle comes together Now everything fits! The observation of a bow shock around the OB star HD77581 and its compact companion Vela X-1 supports the scenario originally proposed by Blaauw to create OB-runaway stars by the supernova explosion of the binary companion. Following back the path of the system resulted in the discovery of the place where it was born and from where it escaped after the violent supernova explosion which produced the neutron star that now manifests itself as the strong X-ray source known as Vela X-1. More information about this research project This research project is described in ESO Preprint no.~1199 and will appear shortly as a Letter to the Editor in `Astrophysical Journal' (ApJ 475, L37-L40). Notes: [1] Professor Adriaan Blaauw is a well-known Dutch astronomer (Leiden and Groningen). He participated very actively in the build-up of ESO in the 1950's and 60's and he was ESO Director General from 1970 - 1974. He is the author of ` ESO's Early History - The European Southern Observatory from concept to reality ' (1991). [2

  4. Chemical analysis of 24 dusty (pre-)main-sequence stars

    CERN Document Server

    Acke, B; Acke, Bram; Waelkens, Christoffel

    2004-01-01

    We have analysed the chemical photospheric composition of 24 Herbig Ae/Be and Vega-type stars in search for the lambda Bootis phenomenon. We present the results of the elemental abundances of the sample stars. Some of the stars were never before studied spectroscopically at optical wavelengths. We have determined the projected rotational velocities of our sample stars. Furthermore, we discuss stars that depict a (selective) depletion pattern in detail. HD 4881 and HD 139614 seem to display an overall deficiency. AB Aur and possibly HD 126367 have subsolar values for the iron abundance, but are almost solar in silicon. HD 100546 is the only clear lambda Bootis star in our sample.

  5. HD 100453: A Link Between Gas-Rich Protoplanetary Disks and Gas-Poor Debris Disks

    CERN Document Server

    Collins, K A; Hamaguchi, K; Wisniewski, J P; Brittain, S; Sitko, M; Carpenter, W J; Williams, J P; Mathews, G S; Williger, G M; Van Boekel, R; Carmona, A; Henning, T; Ancker, M E van den; Meeus, G; Chen, X P; Petre, R; Woodgate, B E

    2009-01-01

    HD 100453 has an IR spectral energy distribution (SED) which can be fit with a power-law plus a blackbody. Previous analysis of the SED suggests that the system is a young Herbig Ae star with a gas-rich, flared disk. We reexamine the evolutionary state of the HD 100453 system by refining its age (based on a candidate low-mass companion) and by examining limits on the disk extent, mass accretion rate, and gas content of the disk environment. We confirm that HD 100453B is a common proper motion companion to HD 100453A, with a spectral type of M4.0V - M4.5V, and derive an age of 10 +/- 2 Myr. We find no evidence of mass accretion onto the star. Chandra ACIS-S imagery shows that the Herbig Ae star has L_X/L_Bol and an X-ray spectrum similar to non-accreting Beta Pic Moving Group early F stars. Moreover, the disk lacks the conspicuous Fe II emission and excess FUV continuum seen in spectra of actively accreting Herbig Ae stars, and from the FUV continuum, we find the accretion rate is < 1.4x10^-9 M_Sun yr^-1. A...

  6. APS Science 2006.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gibson, J. M.; Fenner, R. B.; Long, G.; Borland, M.; Decker, G.

    2007-05-24

    In my five years as the Director of the Advanced Photon Source (APS), I have been fortunate to see major growth in the scientific impact from the APS. This year I am particularly enthusiastic about prospects for our longer-term future. Every scientific instrument must remain at the cutting edge to flourish. Our plans for the next generation of APS--an APS upgrade--got seriously in gear this year with strong encouragement from our users and sponsors. The most promising avenue that has emerged is the energy-recovery linac (ERL) (see article on page xx), for which we are beginning serious R&D. The ERL{at}APS would offer revolutionary performance, especially for x-ray imaging and ultrafast science, while not seriously disrupting the existing user base. I am very proud of our accelerator physics and engineering staff, who not only keep the current APS at the forefront, but were able to greatly impress our international Machine Advisory Committee with the quality of their work on the possible upgrade option (see page xx). As we prepare for long-term major upgrades, our plans to develop and optimize all the sectors at APS in the near future are advancing. Several new beamlines saw first light this year, including a dedicated powder diffraction beamline (11-BM), two instruments for inelastic x-ray scattering at sector 30, and the Center for Nanoscale Materials (CNM) Nanoprobe beamline at sector 26. Our partnership in the first x-ray free-electron laser (LCLS) to be built at Stanford contributes to revolutionary growth in ultrafast science (see page xx), and we are developing a pulse chirping scheme to get ps pulses at sector 7 of the APS within a year or so. In this report, you will find selected highlights of scientific research at the APS from calendar year 2006. The highlighted work covers diverse disciplines, from fundamental to applied science. In the article on page xx you can see the direct impact of APS research on technology. Several new products have emerged from

  7. AP statistics crash course

    CERN Document Server

    D'Alessio, Michael

    2012-01-01

    AP Statistics Crash Course - Gets You a Higher Advanced Placement Score in Less Time Crash Course is perfect for the time-crunched student, the last-minute studier, or anyone who wants a refresher on the subject. AP Statistics Crash Course gives you: Targeted, Focused Review - Study Only What You Need to Know Crash Course is based on an in-depth analysis of the AP Statistics course description outline and actual Advanced Placement test questions. It covers only the information tested on the exam, so you can make the most of your valuable study time. Our easy-to-read format covers: exploring da

  8. The Influence of Mass Loss on the Eccentricity of Double Star Orbits

    Science.gov (United States)

    Docobo, J. A.; Prieto, C.; Ling, J. F.

    In this comunication we study the behaviour of the eccentricity of double star orbits (visual and wide spectroscopic binaries) according to simplified laws of mass loss. Applications to the systems WDS 05245S0224 - HD 35411, WDS 05387S0236 - HD 37468 and WDS 06154S0902 - HD 43362 are included.

  9. Three-dimensional orbit and physical parameters of HD 6840

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    HD 6840 is a double-lined visual binary with an orbital period of ∼7.5 years. By fitting the speckle interferometric measurements made by the 6 m BTA telescope and 3.5 m WIYN telescope, Balega et al. gave a preliminary astrometric orbital solution of the system in 2006. Recently, Griffin derived a precise spectroscopic orbital solution from radial velocities observed with OPH and Cambridge Coravel. However, due to the low precision of the determined orbital inclination, the derived component masses are not satisfying. By adding the newly collected astrometric data in the Fourth Catalog of Interferometric Measurements of Binary Stars, we give a three-dimensional orbit solution with high precision and derive the preliminary physical parameters of HD 6840 via a simultaneous fit including both astrometric and radial velocity measurements. (paper)

  10. Modelling the Corona of HD 189733 in 3D

    CERN Document Server

    Strugarek, Antoine; Matt, Sean P; Réville, Victor; Donati, Jean-François; Moutou, Claire; Fares, Rim

    2014-01-01

    The braking of main sequence stars originates mainly from their stellar wind. The efficiency of this angular momentum extraction depends on the rotation rate of the star, the acceleration profile of the wind and the coronal magnetic field. The derivation of scaling laws parametrizing the stellar wind torque is important for our understanding of gyro-chronology and the evolution of the rotation rates of stars. In order to understand the impact of complex magnetic topologies on the stellar wind torque, we present three- dimensional, dynamical simulations of the corona of HD 189733. Using the observed complex topology of the magnetic field, we estimate how the torque associated with the wind scales with model parameters and compare those trends to previously published scaling laws.

  11. APS Science 2009

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    It is my pleasure to introduce the 2009 annual report of the Advanced Photon Source. This was a very good year for us. We operated with high reliability and availability, despite growing problems with obsolete systems, and our users produced a record output of publications. The number of user experiments increased by 14% from 2008 to more than 3600. We congratulate the recipients of the 2009 Nobel Prize in Chemistry-Venkatraman Ramakrishnan (Cambridge Institute for Medical Research), Thomas Steitz (Yale University), and Ada Yonath (Weizmann Institute) - who did a substantial amount of this work at APS beamlines. Thanks to the efforts of our users and staff, and the ongoing counsel of the APS Scientific Advisory Committee, we made major progress in advancing our planning for the upgrade of the APS (APS-U), producing a proposal that was positively reviewed. We hope to get formal approval in 2010 to begin the upgrade. With advocacy from our users and the support of our sponsor, the Office of Basic Energy Sciences in the Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Science, our operating budgets have grown to the level needed to more adequately staff our beamlines. We were also extremely fortunate to have received $7.9 M in American Recovery and Reinvestment Act ('stimulus') funding to acquire new detectors and improve several of our beamlines. The success of the new Linac Coherent Light Source at Stanford, the world's first x-ray free-electron laser, made us particularly proud since the undulators were designed and built by the APS. Among other highlights, we note that more than one-quarter of the 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers, funded competitively across the U.S. in 2009 by the DOE, included the Advanced Photon Source in their proposed work, which shows that synchrotron radiation, and the APS in particular, are central to energy research. While APS research covers everything from fundamental to applied science (reflected by the highlights in this report), the challenge

  12. APS Science 2009.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gibson, J. M; Mills, D. M.; Gerig, R.

    2010-05-01

    It is my pleasure to introduce the 2009 annual report of the Advanced Photon Source. This was a very good year for us. We operated with high reliability and availability, despite growing problems with obsolete systems, and our users produced a record output of publications. The number of user experiments increased by 14% from 2008 to more than 3600. We congratulate the recipients of the 2009 Nobel Prize in Chemistry-Venkatraman Ramakrishnan (Cambridge Institute for Medical Research), Thomas Steitz (Yale University), and Ada Yonath (Weizmann Institute) - who did a substantial amount of this work at APS beamlines. Thanks to the efforts of our users and staff, and the ongoing counsel of the APS Scientific Advisory Committee, we made major progress in advancing our planning for the upgrade of the APS (APS-U), producing a proposal that was positively reviewed. We hope to get formal approval in 2010 to begin the upgrade. With advocacy from our users and the support of our sponsor, the Office of Basic Energy Sciences in the Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Science, our operating budgets have grown to the level needed to more adequately staff our beamlines. We were also extremely fortunate to have received $7.9 M in American Recovery and Reinvestment Act ('stimulus') funding to acquire new detectors and improve several of our beamlines. The success of the new Linac Coherent Light Source at Stanford, the world's first x-ray free-electron laser, made us particularly proud since the undulators were designed and built by the APS. Among other highlights, we note that more than one-quarter of the 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers, funded competitively across the U.S. in 2009 by the DOE, included the Advanced Photon Source in their proposed work, which shows that synchrotron radiation, and the APS in particular, are central to energy research. While APS research covers everything from fundamental to applied science (reflected by the highlights in this report

  13. HD 16771: A lithium-rich giant in the red-clump stage

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reddy, Arumalla B. S.; Lambert, David L.

    2016-05-01

    Aims: We report the discovery of a young lithium rich giant, HD 16771, in the core-helium burning phase that does not seem to fit existing proposals of Li synthesis near the luminosity function bump or during He-core flash. We aim to understand the nature of Li enrichment in the atmosphere of HD 16771 by exploring various Li enhancement scenarios. Methods: We have collected high-resolution echelle spectra of HD 16771 and derived stellar parameters and chemical abundances for 27 elements by either line equivalent widths or synthetic spectrum analyses. Results: HD 16771 is a Li-rich (log ɛ(Li) = + 2.67 ± 0.10 dex) intermediate mass giant star (M = 2.4 ± 0.1 M⊙) with age ~ 0.76 ± 0.13 Gyr and located at the red giant clump. Kinematics and chemical compositions are consistent with HD 16771 being a member of the Galactic thin disk population. The non-detection of 6Li (<3%), a low carbon isotopic ratio (12C/13C = 12 ± 2), and the slow rotation (vsin i = 2.8 km s-1) all suggest that lithium might have been synthesized in this star. On the contrary, HD 16771 with a mass of 2.4 M⊙ has no chance of encountering luminosity function bump and He-core flash where the possibility of fast deep-mixing for Li enrichment in K giants has been suggested previously. Conclusions: Based of the evolutionary status of this star, we discuss the possibility that 7Li synthesis in HD 16771 is triggered by the engulfment of close-in planet(s) during the RGB phase.

  14. Fine detrending of raw Kepler and MOST photometric data of KIC 6950556 and HD 37633

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mikulášek, Zdeněk; Paunzen, Ernst; Zejda, Miloslav; Semenko, Evgenij; Bernhard, Klaus; Hümmerich, Stefan; Zhang, Jia; Hubrig, Swetlana; Kuschnig, Rainer; Janík, Jan; Jagelka, Miroslav

    2016-07-01

    We present a simple phenomenological method for detrending of raw Kepler and MOST photometry, which is illustrated by means of photometric data processing of two periodically variable chemically peculiar stars, KIC 6950556 and HD 37633. In principle, this method may be applied to any type of periodically variable objects and satellite or ground based photometries. As a by product, we have identified KIC 6950556 as a magnetic chemically peculiar star with an ACV type variability.

  15. Fine detrending of raw Kepler and MOST photometric data of KIC 6950556 and HD 37633

    CERN Document Server

    Mikulasek, Zdenek; Zejda, Miloslav; Semenko, Evgenij; Bernhard, Klaus; Hummerich, Stefan; Zhang, Jia; Hubrig, Swetlana; Kuschnig, Rainer; Janik, Jan; Jagelka, Miroslav

    2016-01-01

    We present a simple phenomenological method for detrending of raw Kepler and MOST photometry, which is illustrated by means of photometric data processing of two periodically variable chemically peculiar stars, KIC 6950556 and HD 37633. In principle, this method may be applied to any type of periodically variable objects and satellite or ground based photometries. As a by product, we have identified KIC 6950556 as a magnetic chemically peculiar star with an ACV type variability.

  16. Refined Properties of the HD 130322 Planetary System

    CERN Document Server

    Hinkel, Natalie R; Henry, Gregory W; Feng, Y Katherina; Boyajian, Tabetha; Wright, Jason; Fischer, Debra A; Howard, Andrew W

    2015-01-01

    Exoplanetary systems closest to the Sun, with the brightest host stars, provide the most favorable opportunities for characterization studies of the host star and their planet(s). The Transit Ephemeris Refinement and Monitoring Survey uses both new radial velocity measurements and photometry in order to greatly improve planetary orbit uncertainties and the fundamental properties of the star, in this case HD 130322. The only companion, HD 130322b, orbits in a relatively circular orbit, e = 0.029 every ~10.7 days. Radial velocity measurements from multiple sources, including 12 unpublished from the Keck I telescope, over the course of ~14 years have reduced the uncertainty in the transit midpoint to ~2 hours. The transit probability for the b-companion is 4.7%, where M_p sin i = 1.15 M_J and a = 0.0925 AU. In this paper, we compile photometric data from the T11 0.8m Automated Photoelectric Telescope at Fairborn Observatory taken over ~14 years, including the constrained transit window, which results in a dispos...

  17. Large HI structures linked to southern O-type stars

    CERN Document Server

    Martín, M C; Romero, G A

    2008-01-01

    In our search for interstellar bubbles around massive stars we analyze the environs of the O-type stars HD 38666, HD 124979, HD 163758, and HD 171589. The location of the stars, which are placed far from the galactic plane, favors the formation of large wind bubbles. We investigate the distribution of the neutral and ionized gas based on HI, CO, and radio continuum data, and that of the interstellar dust based on far infrared IRIS images. Here we report the discovery of neutral gas cavities and slowly expanding shells associated with the four massive stars. IR and optical counterparts were also detected for some of the stars. We discuss the probability that the features have originated in the action of the stellar winds on the surrounding gas.

  18. Asteroseismology of the Transiting Exoplanet Host HD 17156 with Hubble Space Telescope Fine Guidance Sensor

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gilliland, Ronald L.; McCullough, Peter R.; Nelan, Edmund P.;

    2011-01-01

    Observations conducted with the Fine Guidance Sensor on the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) providing high cadence and precision time-series photometry were obtained over 10 consecutive days in 2008 December on the host star of the transiting exoplanet HD 17156b. During this time, 1.0 × 1012 photons...

  19. HD 181068: A Red Giant in a Triply Eclipsing Compact Hierarchical Triple System

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Derekas, A.; Kiss, Lazlo L.; Borkovits, T.;

    2011-01-01

    Hierarchical triple systems comprise a close binary and a more distant component. They are important for testing theories of star formation and of stellar evolution in the presence of nearby companions. We obtained 218 days of Kepler photometry of HD 181068 (magnitude of 7.1), supplemented by gro...

  20. The polarisation of HD 189733

    CERN Document Server

    Bott, Kimberly; Kedziora-Chudczer, Lucyna; Cotton, Daniel V; Lucas, P W; Marshall, Jonathan P; Hough, J H

    2016-01-01

    We present linear polarization observations of the exoplanet system HD 189733 made with the HIgh Precision Polarimetric Instrument (HIPPI) on the Anglo-Australian Telescope (AAT). The observations have higher precision than any previously reported for this object. They do not show the large amplitude polarization variations reported by Berdyugina et al. 2008 and Berdyugina et al. 2011. Our results are consistent with polarization data presented by Wiktorowicz et al. 2015. A formal least squares fit of a Rayleigh-Lambert model yields a polarization amplitude of 29.4 +/- 15.6 parts-per-million. We observe a background constant level of polarization of ~ 55-70 ppm, which is a little higher than expected for interstellar polarization at the distance of HD 189733.

  1. Seismic analysis of HD 43587Aa, a solar-like oscillator in a multiple system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boumier, P.; Benomar, O.; Baudin, F.; Verner, G.; Appourchaux, T.; Lebreton, Y.; Gaulme, P.; Chaplin, W.; García, R. A.; Hekker, S.; Regulo, C.; Salabert, D.; Stahn, T.; Elsworth, Y.; Gizon, L.; Hall, M.; Mathur, S.; Michel, E.; Morel, T.; Mosser, B.; Poretti, E.; Rainer, M.; Roxburgh, I.; do Nascimento, J.-D., Jr.; Samadi, R.; Auvergne, M.; Chaintreuil, S.; Baglin, A.; Catala, C.

    2014-04-01

    Context. The object HD 43587Aa is a G0V star observed during the 145-day LRa03 run of the COnvection, ROtation and planetary Transits space mission (CoRoT), for which complementary High Accuracy Radial velocity Planet Searcher (HARPS) spectra with S/N > 300 were also obtained. Its visual magnitude is 5.71, and its effective temperature is close to 5950 K. It has a known companion in a highly eccentric orbit and is also coupled with two more distant companions. Aims: We undertake a preliminary investigation of the internal structure of HD 43587Aa. Methods: We carried out a seismic analysis of the star, using maximum likelihood estimators and Markov chain Monte Carlo methods. Results: We established the first table of the eigenmode frequencies, widths, and heights for HD 43587Aa. The star appears to have a mass and a radius slightly larger than the Sun, and is slightly older (5.6 Gyr). Two scenarios are suggested for the geometry of the star: either its inclination angle is very low, or the rotation velocity of the star is very low. Conclusions: A more detailed study of the rotation and of the magnetic and chromospheric activity for this star is needed, and will be the subject of a further study. New high resolution spectrometric observations should be performed for at least several months in duration.

  2. HD188112: Supernova Ia progenitor?

    CERN Document Server

    Latour, M; Heber, U; Schaffenroth, V

    2015-01-01

    HD188112 is an extremely low mass white dwarf in a close binary system. According to a previous study, the mass of HD188112 is $\\sim$0.24 Msun and a lower limit of 0.73 Msun could be put for the mass of its unseen companion, a compact degenarate object. We used HST STIS spectra to measure the rotational broadening of UV metallic lines in HD188112, in order to put tighter constraints on the mass of its companion. By assuming that the system in is synchronous rotation, we derive a companion mass between 1.05 and 1.25 Msun. We also measure abundances for magnesium, silicon, and iron, respectively log $N$(X)/$N$(H) = $-$6.40, $-$7.25, and $-$5.81. The radial velocities measured from the UV spectra are found to be in very good agreement with the prediction based on the orbital parameters derived in the previous study made a decade ago.

  3. A High Eccentricity Component in the Double Planet System Around HD 163607 and a Planet Around HD 164509

    CERN Document Server

    Giguere, Matthew J; Howard, Andrew W; Johnson, John A; Henry, Gregory W; Wright, Jason T; Marcy, Geoffrey W; Isaacson, Howard T; Hou, Fengji; Spronck, Julien

    2011-01-01

    We report the detection of three new exoplanets from Keck Observatory. HD 163607 is a metal-rich G5IV star with two planets. The inner planet has an observed orbital period of 75.29 $\\pm$ 0.02 days, a semi-amplitude of 51.1 $\\pm$ 1.4 \\ms, an eccentricity of 0.73 $\\pm$ 0.02 and a derived minimum mass of \\msini = 0.77 $\\pm$ 0.02 \\mjup. This is the largest eccentricity of any known planet in a multi-planet system. The argument of periastron passage is 78.7 $\\pm$ 2.0$^{\\circ}$; consequently, the planet's closest approach to its parent star is very near the line of sight, leading to a relatively high transit probability of 8%. The outer planet has an orbital period of 3.60 $\\pm$ 0.02 years, an orbital eccentricity of 0.12 $\\pm$ 0.06 and a semi-amplitude of 40.4 $\\pm$ 1.3 \\ms. The minimum mass is \\msini = 2.29 $\\pm$ 0.16 \\mjup. HD 164509 is a metal-rich G5V star with a planet in an orbital period of 282.4 $\\pm$ 3.8 days and an eccentricity of 0.26 $\\pm$ 0.14. The semi-amplitude of 14.2 $\\pm$ 2.7 \\ms\\ implies a mini...

  4. Signs of Planetary Formation in the Disk of HD169142

    Science.gov (United States)

    Osorio, M.; Anglada, G.; Carrasco-Gonzalez, C.; Torrelles, J. M.; D'Alessio, P.; Rodriguez, L. F.; Calvet, N.; Gomez, J. F.; Mayén-Gijón, J. M.; Dent, W.

    2013-07-01

    We present 7mm continuum observations at subarcsecond angular resolution, as well as detailed modeling of the disk surrounding the nearby Herbig AeBe star HD 169142. Our modeling of the SED indicates that the system is in an advanced stage of evolution, in which infall and outflow processes have almost halted, and the dust particles have begun to coagulate and settle towards the disk mid-plane to eventually form planetesimals. Our high angular resolution (0."15) VLA observations reveal a region of enhanced 7mm emission with internal substructure, with several local emission peaks at radii 20-40 AU. We interpret these features as signs of planetary formation.

  5. The chemically peculiar double-lined spectroscopic binary HD 90264

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quiroga, C.; Torres, A. F.; Cidale, L. S.

    2010-10-01

    Context. HD 90264 is a chemically peculiar (CP) double-lined spectroscopic binary system of the type He-weak. Double-lined binaries are unique sources of data for stellar masses, physical properties, and evolutionary aspects of stars. Therefore, the determination of orbital elements is of great importance to study how the physical characteristics of CP stars are affected by a companion. Aims: We carried out a detailed spectral and polarimetric study of the spectroscopic binary system HD 90264 to characterize its orbit, determine the stellar masses, and investigate the spectral variability and possible polarization of the binary components. Methods: We employed medium-resolution échelle spectra and polarimetric data obtained at the 2.15-m telescope at CASLEO Observatory, Argentina. We measured radial velocities and line equivalent widths with IRAF packages. The radial velocity curves of both binary components were obtained combining radial velocity data derived from the single line of Hg II λ3984 Åand the double lines of Mg II λ4481 Å. Polarimetric data were studied by means of the statistical method of Clarke & Stewart and the Welch test. Results: We found that both components of the binary system are chemically peculiar stars, deficient in helium, where the primary is a He variable and the secondary is a Hg-Mn star. We derived for the first time the orbital parameters of the binary system. We found that the system has a quasi-circular orbit (e ~ 0.04) with an orbital period of 15.727 days. Taking into account the circular orbit solution, we derived a mass ratio of q = MHe-w/MHg-Mn = 1.22. We also found a rotational period of around 15-16 days, suggesting a spin-orbit synchronization. Possible signs of intrinsic polarization have also been detected. Conclusions: HD 90264 is the first known binary system comprised of a He variable star as the primary component and a Hg-Mn star as the secondary one. Based on observations taken at Complejo Astronómico El

  6. Three Temperate Neptunes Orbiting Nearby Stars

    CERN Document Server

    Fulton, Benjamin J; Weiss, Lauren M; Sinukoff, Evan; Petigura, Erik A; Isaacson, Howard; Hirsch, Lea; Marcy, Geoffrey W; Henry, Gregory W; Grunblatt, Samuel K; Huber, Daniel; von Braun, Kaspar; Boyajian, Tabetha S; Kane, Stephen R; Wittrock, Justin; Horch, Elliott P; Ciardi, David R; Howell, Steve B; Wright, Jason T; Ford, Eric B

    2016-01-01

    We present the discovery of three modestly-irradiated, roughly Neptune-mass planets orbiting three nearby Solar-type stars. HD 42618 b has a minimum mass of $15.4 \\pm 2.4$ M$_{\\oplus}$, a semi-major axis of 0.55 AU, an equilibrium temperature of 337 K, and is the first planet discovered to orbit the solar analogue host star, HD 42618. We also discover new planets orbiting the known exoplanet host stars HD 164922 and HD 143761 ($\\rho$ CrB). The new planet orbiting HD 164922 has a minimum mass of $12.9 \\pm 1.6$ M$_{\\oplus}$ and orbits interior to the previously known Jovian mass planet orbiting at 2.1 AU. HD 164922 c has a semi-major axis of 0.34 AU and an equilibrium temperature of 418 K. HD 143761 c orbits with a semi-major axis of 0.44 AU, has a minimum mass of $25 \\pm 2$ M$_{\\oplus}$, and is the warmest of the three new planets with an equilibrium temperature of 445 K. It orbits exterior to the previously known warm Jupiter in the system. A transit search using space-based CoRoT data and ground-based photom...

  7. The dust, planetesimals and planets of HD 38529

    CERN Document Server

    Moro-Martin, Amaya; Carpenter, John M; Hillenbrand, Lynne A; Wolf, Sebastian; Meyer, Michael R; Hollenbach, David J; Najita, Joan; Henning, Thomas

    2007-01-01

    HD 38529 is a post-main sequence G8III/IV star (3.5 Gyr old) with a planetary system consisting of at least two planets having Msin(i) of 0.8 MJup and 12.2 MJup, semimajor axes of 0.13 AU and 3.74 AU, and eccentricities of 0.25 and 0.35, respectively. Spitzer observations show that HD 38529 has an excess emission above the stellar photosphere, with a signal-to-noise ratio (S/N) at 70 micron of 4.7, a small excess at 33 micron (S/N=2.6) and no excess <30 micron. We discuss the distribution of the potential dust-producing planetesimals from the study of the dynamical perturbations of the two known planets, considering in particular the effect of secular resonances. We identify three dynamically stable niches at 0.4-0.8 AU, 20-50 AU and beyond 60 AU. We model the spectral energy distribution of HD 38529 to find out which of these niches show signs of harboring dust-producing plantesimals. The secular analysis, together with the SED modeling resuls, suggest that the planetesimals responsible for most of the du...

  8. Photometric Variability of Four Coronally Active Stars

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    J. C. Pandey; K. P. Singh; R. Sagar; S. A. Drake

    2002-03-01

    We present photometric observations of four stars that are optical counterparts of soft X-ray/EUV sources, namely 1ES 0829+15.9, 1ES0920-13.6, 2RE J110159+223509 and 1ES 1737+61.2. We have discovered periodic variability in two of the stars, viz., MCC 527 (1ES 0829+15.9; Period = 0.828 ± 0.0047) and HD 81032 (1ES 0920-13.6; Period = ∼ 57.02 ± 0.560 days). HD 95559 (2RE J110159+223509) is found to show a period of 3. HD 160934 (1ES1737+61.2) also shows photometric variability but needs to be monitored further for finding its period. These stars most likely belong to the class of chromospherically active stars.

  9. Star Formation Regions in LDN 1667

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gyulbudaghian, A. L.

    2015-09-01

    A group of three star formation regions in the dark cloud LDN 1667 is examined. All three of these regions contain Trapezium type systems. 12C(1-0) observations are made of the part of the molecular cloud LDN 1667 associated with one of the star formation regions. Three molecular clouds were detected, one of which (the main cloud) has a red and a blue outflow. Three stars from the star formation regions are found to have annular nebulae and one star has a conical nebula. The dark cloud LDN 1667 is associated with a radial system of dark globules which is formed by the star HD 57061.

  10. A Massive Substellar Companion to the Massive Giant HD 119445

    CERN Document Server

    Omiya, Masashi; Han, Inwoo; Lee, Byeong-Cheol; Sato, Bun'ei; Kambe, Eiji; Kim, Kang-Min; Yoon, Tae Seog; Yoshida, Michitoshi; Masuda, Seiji; Toyota, Eri; Urakawa, Seitaro; Takada-Hidai, Masahide

    2009-01-01

    We detected a brown dwarf-mass companion around the intermediate-mass giant star HD 119445 (G6III) using the Doppler technique. This discovery is the first result from a Korean-Japanese planet search program based on precise radial velocity measurements. The radial velocity of this star exhibits a periodic Keplerian variation with a period, semi-amplitude and eccentricity of 410.2 days, 413.5 m/s and 0.082, respectively. Adopting a stellar mass of 3.9 M_solar, we were able to confirm the presence of a massive substellar companion with a semimajor axis of 1.71 AU and a minimum mass of 37.6 M_Jup, which falls in the middle of the brown dwarf-mass region. This substellar companion is the most massive ever discovered within 3 AU of a central intermediate-mass star. The host star also ranks among the most massive stars with substellar companions ever detected by the Doppler technique. This result supports the current view of substellar systems that more massive substellar companions tend to exist around more massi...

  11. HD depletion in starless cores

    OpenAIRE

    Sipilä, O.; Caselli, P.; Harju, J.

    2013-01-01

    Aims: We aim to investigate the abundances of light deuterium-bearing species such as HD, H2D+ and D2H+ in a gas-grain chemical model including an extensive description of deuterium and spin state chemistry, in physical conditions appropriate to the very centers of starless cores. Methods: We combine a gas-grain chemical model with radiative transfer calculations to simulate density and temperature structure in starless cores. The chemical model includes deuterated forms of species with up to...

  12. HD 51844: An Am delta Scuti in a binary showing periastron brightening

    CERN Document Server

    Hareter, M; Weiss, W W; Hernández, A García; Borkovits, T; Lampens, P; Rainer, M; De Cat, P; Marcos-Arenal, P; Vos, J; Poretti, E; Baglin, A; Michel, E; Baudin, F; Catala, C

    2014-01-01

    Pulsating stars in binary systems are ideal laboratories to test stellar evolution and pulsation theory, since a direct, model-independent determination of component masses is possible. The high-precision CoRoT photometry allows a detailed view of the frequency content of pulsating stars, enabling detection of patterns in their distribution. The object HD 51844 is such a case showing periastron brightening instead of eclipses. We present a comprehensive study of the HD 51844 system, where we derive physical parameters of both components, the pulsation content and frequency patterns. Additionally, we obtain the orbital elements, including masses, and the chemical composition of the stars. Time series analysis using standard tools was mployed to extract the pulsation frequencies. Photospheric abundances of 21 chemical elements were derived by means of spectrum synthesis. We derived orbital elements both by fitting the observed radial velocities and the light curves, and we did asteroseismic modelling as well. W...

  13. Study of HD 169392A observed by CoRoT and HARPS

    CERN Document Server

    Mathur, S; Catala, C; Benomar, O; Davies, G R; Garcia, R A; Salabert, D; Ballot, J; Mosser, B; Regulo, C; Chaplin, W J; Elsworth, Y; Handberg, R; Hekker, S; Mantegazza, L; Michel, E; Poretti, E; Rainer, M; Roxburgh, I W; Samadi, R; Steslicki, M; Uytterhoeven, K; Verner, G A; Auvergne, M; Baglin, A; Forteza, S Barcelo; Baudin, F; Cortes, T Roca

    2012-01-01

    The numerous results obtained with asteroseismology thanks to space missions such as CoRoT and Kepler are providing a new insight on stellar evolution. After five years of observations, CoRoT is going on providing high-quality data. We present here the analysis of the double star HD169392 complemented by ground-based spectroscopic observations. This work aims at characterizing the fundamental parameters of the two stars, their chemical composition, the acoustic-mode global parameters including their individual frequencies, and their dynamics. We have analysed HARPS observations of the two stars to retrieve their chemical compositions. Several methods have been used and compared to measure the global properties of acoustic modes and their individual frequencies from the photometric data of CoRoT. The new spectroscopic observations and archival astrometric values suggest that HD169392 is a wide binary system weakly bounded. We have obtained the spectroscopic parameters for both components, suggesting the origin...

  14. Spectropolarimetric observations of the transiting planetary system of the K dwarf HD 189733

    CERN Document Server

    Moutou, C; Savalle, R; Hussain, G; Alecian, E; Bouchy, F; Catala, C; Cameron, A Collier; Udry, S; Vidal-Madjar, A

    2007-01-01

    With a Jupiter-mass planet orbiting at a distance of only 0.031 AU, the active K2 dwarf HD 189733 is a potential candidate in which to study the magnetospheric interactions of a cool star with its recently-discovered close-orbiting giant planet. We decided to explore the strength and topology of the large-scale magnetosphere of HD 189733, as a future benchmark for quantitative studies for models of the star/planet magnetic interactions. To this end, we used ESPaDOnS, the new generation spectropolarimeter at the Canada-France-Hawaii 3.6m telescope, to look for Zeeman circular polarisation signatures in the line profiles of HD 189733 in 2006 June and August. Zeeman signatures in the line profiles of HD 189733 are clearly detected in all spectra, demonstrating that a field is indeed present at the surface of the star. The Zeeman signatures are not modulated with the planet's orbital period but apparently vary with the stellar rotation cycle. The reconstructed large-scale magnetic field, whose strength reaches a ...

  15. HD 5388 b is a 69 M_Jup companion instead of a planet

    CERN Document Server

    Sahlmann, Johannes; Queloz, Didier; Segransan, Damien

    2011-01-01

    We examined six exoplanet host stars with non-standard Hipparcos astrometric solution, which may be indicative of unrecognised orbital motion. Using Hipparcos intermediate astrometric data, we detected the astrometric orbit of HD 5388 at a significance level of 99.4 % (2.7 sigma). HD 5388 is a metal-deficient star and hosts a planet candidate with a minimum mass of 1.96 M_J discovered in 2010. We determined its orbit inclination to be i = 178.3 +0.4/-0.7 deg and the corresponding mass of its companion HD 5388 b to be M_2 = 69 +/- 20 M_J. The orbit is seen almost face-on and the companion mass lies at the upper end of the brown-dwarf mass range. A mass lower than 13 M_J was excluded at the 3-sigma level. The astrometric motions of the five other stars had been investigated by other authors revealing two planetary companions, one stellar companion, and two statistically insignificant orbits. We conclude that HD 5388 b is not a planet but most likely a brown-dwarf companion. In addition, we find that the inclina...

  16. Discovery of a magnetic field in the B pulsating system HD 1976

    OpenAIRE

    Neiner, C.; Tkachenko, A.; collaboration, the MiMeS

    2014-01-01

    The presence of a magnetic field can have a strong impact on the evolution of a binary star. However, only a dozen of magnetic OB binaries are known as of today and available to study this effect, including very few magnetic pulsating spectroscopic OB binaries. We aim at checking for the presence of a magnetic field in the B5IV hierarchical triple system HD 1976 with spectropolarimetric data obtained with Narval at the Bernard Lyot Telescope (TBL). We use orbital parameters of HD 1976 availab...

  17. HD 46375: seismic and spectropolarimetric analysis of a young Sun hosting a Saturn-like planet

    OpenAIRE

    Gaulme, P.; Deheuvels, S.; Weiss, W. W.; Mosser, B.; Moutou, C.; Bruntt, H; Donati, J.-F.; Vannier, M.; Guillot, T.; Appourchaux, T.; Michel, E.; Auvergne, M.; Samadi, R.; Baudin, F; Catala, C.

    2010-01-01

    HD 46375 is known to host a Saturn-like exoplanet orbiting at 0.04 AU from its host star. Stellar light reflected by the planet was tentatively identified in the 34-day CoRoT run acquired in October-November 2008. We constrain the properties of the magnetic field of HD 46375 based on spectropolarimetric observations with the NARVAL spectrograph at the Pic du Midi observatory. In addition, we use a high-resolution NARVAL flux spectrum to contrain the atmospheric parameters. With these constrai...

  18. First Observation of Planet-Induced X-ray Emission: The System HD 179949

    OpenAIRE

    Saar, S. H.; Cuntz, M.; Kashyap, V. L.; Hall, J. C.

    2007-01-01

    We present the first observation of planet-induced stellar X-ray activity, identified for the HD 179949 system, using Chandra / ACIS-S. The HD 179949 system consists of a close-in giant planet orbiting an F9V star. Previous ground-based observations already showed enhancements in Ca II K in phase with the planetary orbit. We find an ~30% increase in the X-ray flux over quiescent levels coincident with the phase of the Ca II enhancements. There is also a trend for the emission to be hotter at ...

  19. A 12-Year Activity Cycle for HD 219134

    CERN Document Server

    Johnson, Marshall C; Cochran, William D; Meschiari, Stefano; Robertson, Paul; MacQueen, Phillip J; Brugamyer, Erik J; Caldwell, Caroline; Hatzes, Artie P; Ramírez, Ivan; Wittenmyer, Robert A

    2016-01-01

    The nearby (6.5 pc) star HD 219134 was recently shown by Motalebi et al. (2015) and Vogt et al. (2015) to host several planets, the innermost of which is transiting. We present twenty-seven years of radial velocity observations of this star from the McDonald Observatory Planet Search program, and nineteen years of stellar activity data. We detect a long-period activity cycle measured in the Ca II $S_{HK}$ index, with a period of $4230 \\pm 100$ days (11.7 years), very similar to the 11-year Solar activity cycle. Although the period of the Saturn-mass planet HD 219134 h is close to half that of the activity cycle, we argue that it is not an artifact due to stellar activity. We also find a significant periodicity in the $S_{HK}$ data due to stellar rotation with a period of 22.8 days. This is identical to the period of planet f identified by Vogt et al. (2015), suggesting that this radial velocity signal might be caused by rotational modulation of stellar activity rather than a planet. Analysis of our radial vel...

  20. Magnetic fields of HgMn stars

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hubrig, S.; Gonzalez, J. F.; Ilyin, I.;

    2012-01-01

    Context. The frequent presence of weak magnetic fields on the surface of spotted late-B stars with HgMn peculiarity in binary systems has been controversial during the two last decades. Recent studies of magnetic fields in these stars using the least-squares deconvolution (LSD) technique have...... by applying the moment technique on spectral lines of inhomogeneously distributed elements separately. Furthermore, we present new determinations of the mean longitudinal magnetic field for the HgMn star HD 65949 and the hotter analog of HgMn stars, the PGa star HD 19400, using FORS 2 installed at the VLT. We...... also give new measurements of the eclipsing system ARAur with a primary star of HgMn peculiarity, which were obtained with the SOFIN spectropolarimeter installed at the Nordic Optical Telescope. Methods. We downloaded from the European Southern Observatory (ESO) archive the publically available HARPS...

  1. VizieR Online Data Catalog: WDS-DM-HD-ADS Cross Index (Roman 1987)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roman, N. G.

    1996-11-01

    A machine-readable version of the Washington Catalog of Visual Double Stars (WDS) was prepared in 1984 (Worley 1984) on the basis of a data file that has been collected and maintained for more than a century by a succession of double-star observers. Although this catalog is now being continually updated, a new copy for distribution is not expected to be available for a few years. The WDS contains DM numbers (Argelander 1859-1862, Gill and Kapteyn 1895-1900, Thome 1892-1932), but many of these are listed only in the notes, which makes it difficult to search for double-star information, except by position. Hence, a cross index that provides complete DM identifications is desirable, and it appears useful to add HD numbers (Cannon and Pickering 1918-1924, Cannon 1925- 1936) for systems in that catalog. Aitken Double Star (ADS) numbers (Aitken 1932) have been retained from the WDS, but no attempt has been made to correct these except for obvious errors. A major effort in the preparation of this cross index has been devoted to improving the DM designations. A subset of the information in the WDS has been prepared that lists the 1900 position, the double-star observer and number, the component designation, the DM number, and the ADS number. All DM numbers given only in the notes have been entered by duplicating the entry and changing the component designation appropriately. The standard rule for multiple systems in the catalog is that the DM number refers to the first component. This rule is frequently violated, however, so that it often appears that a single component has two different DM numbers. All such cases have been checked and the component designations have been corrected appropriately. It should be noted that the introduction to the 1984 machine-readable version of the WDS is in error: unless modified by the notes, DM numbers for the -52d zone refer to the CPD. In multiple systems with more than one discoverer name, numbers are sometimes given for components

  2. A polarity reversal in the large-scale magnetic field of the rapidly rotating Sun HD 190771

    OpenAIRE

    Petit, Pascal; Dintrans, Boris; Morgenthaler, Audrey; Van Grootel, Valérie; Morin, Julien; Lanoux, Joseph; Aurière, Michel; Konstantinova-Antova, R.

    2009-01-01

    Aims. We investigate the long-term evolution of the large-scale photospheric magnetic field geometry of the solar-type star HD 190771. With fundamental parameters very close to those of the Sun except for a shorter rotation period of 8.8 d, HD 190771 provides us with a first insight into the specific impact of the rotation rate in the dynamo generation of magnetic fields in 1 M_sun stars. Methods: We use circularly polarized, high-resolution spectra obtained with the NARVAL spectropolarime...

  3. APS Science 2007.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2008-05-30

    This report provides research highlights from the Advanced Photon Source (APS). Although these highlights represent less than 10% of the published work from the APS in 2007, they give a flavor of the diversity and impact of user research at the facility. In the strategic planning the aim is to foster the growth of existing user communities and foresee new areas of research. This coming year finds the APS engaged in putting together, along with the users, a blueprint for the next five years, and making the case for a set of prioritized investments in beamlines, the accelerator, and infrastructure, each of which will be transformational in terms of scientific impact. As this is written plans are being formulated for an important user workshop on October 20-21, 2008, to prioritize strategic plans. The fruit from past investments can be seen in this report. Examples include the creation of a dedicated beamline for x-ray photon correlation spectroscopy at Sector 8, the evolution of dedicated high-energy x-ray scattering beamlines at sectors 1 and 11, a dedicated imaging beamline at Sector 32, and new beamlines for inelastic scattering and powder diffraction. A single-pulse facility has been built in collaboration with Sector 14 (BioCARS) and Phil Anfinrud at the National Institutes of Health, which will offer exceptionally high flux for single-pulse diffraction. The nanoprobe at Sector 26, built and operated jointly by the Argonne Center for Nanoscale Materials and the X-ray Operations and Research (XOR) section of the APS X-ray Science Division, has come on line to define the state of the art in nanoscience.

  4. HD CCTV联盟设定第一个HD CCTV规范

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    最近,旨在管理与提升HD CCTV设备技术标准的全球安防工业联盟宣布,其组内成员已经认证了1.0版本的HD CCTV规范,并且HD CCTV联盟的会员厂商已经开始生产带有HD CCTV徽标的HD CCTV规范产品。

  5. A search for variations in the radio emission from selected Wolf-Rayet stars

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Five Wolf-Rayet stars have been monitored to search for variations in their radio fluxes. For four of the stars, no variations greater than 20 percent were found. The possible slow change in the fifth star, HD 151932, must be explored by additional observations. The spectra of the stars confirm that the radio emission is of thermal origin in all cases. 17 refs

  6. Conditions of Dynamical Stability for the HD 160691 Planetary System

    CERN Document Server

    Bois, E; Rambaux, N; Pilat-Lohinger, E; Bois, Eric; Kiseleva-Eggleton, Ludmila; Rambaux, Nicolas; Pilat-Lohinger, Elke

    2003-01-01

    This paper presents a global dynamics analysis in the 3-D orbital parameter space related to the HD 160691 planetary system whose orbital parameters of the outer planet are yet uncertain. We make into evidence a stabilizing mechanism that could be the key to its existence. We show that the orbital parameters may allow the existence of a rather wide stability zone in the semi-major axes parameter space. This stability zone is only possible as the result of a 2:1 mean motion resonance coupled with adequate relative positions of the planets on their orbits avoiding close approaches in the closeness of their periastron. The mechanism itself is preserved by librations of the mean motion resonance variables while the longitudes of periapse on average precess at the same rate. We conclude that in order to be dynamically stable, the HD 160691 planetary system has to satisfy the following conditions: (1) a 2:1 mean motion resonance combined with (2) an apsidal secular resonance in (3) a configuration where the two aps...

  7. Tracing back the evolution of the candidate LBV HD168625

    CERN Document Server

    Mahy, L; Royer, P; Waelkens, C

    2016-01-01

    Aims. We obtained Herschel/PACS imaging and spectroscopic observations of the nebula surrounding the candidate LBV HD168625. By combining these data with optical spectra of the star, we want to constrain the abundances in the nebula and in the star and compare them to trace back its evolution. Methods. We use CMFGEN to determine the fundamental parameters and the CNO abundances of the central star whilst the abundances of the nebula are derived from the emission lines present in the Herschel/PACS spectrum. Result. The FIR images show a nebula composed of an elliptical ring/torus of ejecta with a ESE-WNW axis and of a second perpendicular bipolar structure composed of empty caps/rings. We detect equatorial shells composed of dust and ionized material with different sizes when observed at different wavelengths, and bipolar caps more of less separated from the central star in H$\\alpha$ and mid-IR images. This complex global structure seems to show 2 different inclinations: 40{\\deg} for the equatorial torus and 6...

  8. Seismic analysis of HD43587Aa, a solar-like oscillator in a multiple system

    CERN Document Server

    Boumier, P; Baudin, F; Verner, G; Appourchaux, T; Lebreton, Y; Gaulme, P; Chaplin, W; Garcia, R A; Hekker, S; Regulo, C; Salabert, D; Stahn, T; Elsworth, Y; Gizon, L; Hall, M; Mathur, S; Michel, E; Morel, T; Mosser, B; Poretti, E; Rainer, M; Roxburgh, I; Nascimento, J -D do; Samadi, R; Auvergne, M; Chaintreuil, S; Baglin, A; Catala, C

    2014-01-01

    Context. The object HD 43587Aa is a G0V star observed during the 145-day LRa03 run of the COnvection, ROtation and planetary Transits space mission (CoRoT), for which complementary High Accuracy Radial velocity Planet Searcher (HARPS) spectra with S/N>300 were also obtained. Its visual magnitude is 5.71, and its effective temperature is close to 5950 K. It has a known companion in a highly eccentric orbit and is also coupled with two more distant companions. Aims. We undertake a preliminary investigation of the internal structure of HD 43587Aa. Methods. We carried out a seismic analysis of the star, using maximum likelihood estimators and Markov Chain Monte Carlo methods. Results. We established the first table of the eigenmode frequencies, widths, and heights for HD 43587Aa. The star appears to have a mass and a radius slightly larger than the Sun, and is slightly older (5.6 Gyr). Two scenarios are suggested for the geometry of the star: either its inclination angle is very low, or the rotation velocity of t...

  9. The APS ceramic chambers

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Milton, S.; Warner, D.

    1994-07-01

    Ceramics chambers are used in the Advanced Photon Source (APS) machines at the locations of the pulsed kicker and bumper magnets. The ceramic will be coated internally with a resistive paste. The resistance is chosen to allow the low frequency pulsed magnet field to penetrate but not the high frequency components of the circulating beam. Another design goal was to keep the power density experienced by the resistive coating to a minimum. These ceramics, their associated hardware, the coating process, and our recent experiences with them are described.

  10. Discovery of a magnetic field in the B pulsating system HD 1976

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neiner, C.; Tkachenko, A.; MiMeS Collaboration

    2014-03-01

    Aims: A magnetic field can have a strong impact on the evolution of a binary star. However, only a dozen magnetic OB binaries are known as of today and are available to study this effect, including some very few magnetic pulsating spectroscopic OB binaries. We checked for the presence of a magnetic field in the B5IV hierarchical triple system HD 1976 with spectropolarimetric data obtained with Narval at the Bernard Lyot Telescope (TBL). Methods: We used orbital parameters of HD 1976 available in the literature to disentangle the Narval intensity spectra. We computed Stokes V profiles with the least squares deconvolution technique to search for magnetic signatures. We then derived an estimate of the longitudinal magnetic field strength for each observation and for various line lists. Results: Our disentangling of the intensity spectra shows that HD 1976 is a double-lined spectroscopic (SB2) binary, the lines of the secondary component are about twice as broad as those of the primary component. We did not identify the third component. Moreover, we find clear magnetic signatures in the spectropolarimetric measurements of HD 1976 that seem to be associated with the primary component. We conclude that HD 1976 is a magnetic slowly pulsating double-lined spectroscopic binary star with an undetected third component. It is the second such example known (the other is HD 25558). Based on observations obtained at the Telescope Bernard Lyot (USR5026) operated by the Observatoire Midi-Pyrénées, Université de Toulouse (Paul Sabatier), Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique of France.

  11. HD 172555: Detection of 63 micrometers [OI] Emission in a Debris Disc

    Science.gov (United States)

    Riviere-Marichalar, P.; Barrado, D.; Augereau, J. -C.; Thi, W. F.; Roberge, A.; Eiroa, C.; Montesinos, B.; Meeus, G.; Howard, C.; Sandell, G.; Duchene, G.; Dent, W. R. F.; Lebreton, J.; Mendigutia, I.; Huelamo, N.; Menard, F.; Pinte, C.

    2012-01-01

    Context. HD 172555 is a young A7 star belonging to the Beta Pictoris Moving Group that harbours a debris disc. The Spitzer IRS spectrum of the source showed mid-IR features such as silicates and glassy silica species, indicating the presence of a warm dust component with small grains, which places HD 172555 among the small group of debris discs with such properties. The IRS spectrum also shows a possible emission of SiO gas. Aims. We aim to study the dust distribution in the circumstellar disc of HD 172555 and to asses the presence of gas in the debris disc. Methods. As part of the GASPS Open Time Key Programme, we obtained Herschel-PACS photometric and spectroscopic observations of the source. We analysed PACS observations of HD 172555 and modelled the Spectral Energy Distribution (SED) with a modified blackbody and the gas emission with a two-level population model with no collisional de-excitation. Results. We report for the first time the detection of [OI] atomic gas emission at 63.18 micrometers in the HD 172555 circumstellar disc.We detect excesses due to circumstellar dust toward HD 172555 in the three photometric bands of PACS (70, 100, and 160 m). We derive a large dust particle mass of (4.8 plus-minus 0.6)x10(exp -4) Mass compared to Earth and an atomic oxygen mass of 2.5x10(exp -2)R(exp 2) Mass compared to Earth, where R in AU is the separation between the star and the inner disc. Thus, most of the detected mass of the disc is in the gaseous phase.

  12. Evidence for the Direct Detection of the Thermal Spectrum of the Non-Transiting Hot Gas Giant HD 88133 b

    Science.gov (United States)

    Piskorz, Danielle; Crockett, Nathan R.; Lockwood, Alexandra; Benneke, Björn; Blake, Geoffrey A.; Barman, Travis S.; Bender, Chad F.; Bryan, Marta; Carr, John S.; Fischer, Debra; Howard, Andrew; Isaacson, Howard T.; Johnson, John A.

    2016-10-01

    We target the thermal emission spectrum of the non-transiting gas giant HD 88133 b with high-resolution near-infrared spectroscopy, by treating the planet and its host star as a spectroscopic binary. For sufficiently deep summed flux observations of the star and planet across multiple epochs, it is possible to resolve the signal of the hot gas giant's atmosphere compared to the brighter stellar spectrum, at a level consistent with the aggregate shot noise of the full data set. To do this, we first perform a principal component analysis to remove the contribution of the Earth's atmosphere to the observed spectra. Then, we use a cross-correlation analysis to tease out the spectra of the host star and HD 88133 b to determine its orbit and identify key sources of atmospheric opacity. In total, six epochs of Keck NIRSPEC L band observations and three epochs of Keck NIRSPEC K band observations of the HD 88133 system were obtained. Based on an analysis of the maximum likelihood curves calculated from the multi-epoch cross correlation of the full data set with two atmospheric models, we report the direct detection of the emission spectrum of the non-transiting exoplanet HD 88133 b and measure a radial projection of its Keplerian orbital velocity, its true mass, its orbital inclination, and dominant atmospheric species. This, combined with eleven years of radial velocity measurements of the system, provides the most up-to-date ephemeris for HD 88133.

  13. Unravelling the Nature of HD 81032 – A New RS CVn Binary

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    J. C. Pandey; K. P. Singh; S. A. Drake; R. Sagar

    2005-12-01

    BVR photometric and quasi-simultaneous optical spectroscopic observations of the star HD 81032 have been carried out during the years 2000–2004. A photometric period of 18.802 ± 0.07d has been detected for this star. A large group of spots with a migration period of 7.43 ± 0.07 years is inferred from the first three years of the data. H and CaII H and K emissions from the star indicate high chromospheric activity. The available photometry in the BVRIJHK bands is consistent with the spectral type of K0IV previously found for this star.We have also examined the spectral energy distribution of HD 81032 for the presence of an infrared colour excess using the 2MASS JHK and IRAS photometry, but found no significant excess in any band above the normal values expected for a star with this spectral type. We have also analyzed the X-ray emission properties of this star using data obtained by the ROSAT X-ray observatory during its All-Sky Survey phase. An X-ray flare of about 12 hours duration was detected during the two days of X-ray coverage obtained for this star. Its X-ray spectrum, while only containing 345 counts, is inconsistent with a single-temperature component solar-abundance coronal plasma model, but implies either the presence of two or more plasma components, non-solar abundances, or a combination of both of these properties. All of the above properties of HD 81032 suggest that it is a newly identified, evolved RS CVn binary.

  14. Element spots in HgMn stars

    Science.gov (United States)

    Korhonen, H.

    2014-11-01

    A fraction of late B-type stars, the so-called HgMn stars, exhibit enhanced absorption lines of certain chemical elements, notably Hg and Mn, combined with an underabundance of He. For about a decade it has been known that the elements with anomalously high abundances in HgMn stars are distributed inhomogeneously over the stellar surface. Observation of the temporal evolution of those spots has been reported in a few HgMn stars, first of a secular evolution of the mercury spots in α And, and more recently of a fast evolution of yttrium and strontium spots in HD 11753. The fast evolution of spots in HD 11753 is combined with a slower change in the overall abundance of the elements affected. In this paper I review what is known about these ``elemental spots'' in HgMn stars and their secular and fast temporal evolution.

  15. Element spots in HgMn stars

    CERN Document Server

    Korhonen, Heidi

    2013-01-01

    A fraction of late B-type stars, the so-called HgMn stars, exhibit enhanced absorption lines of certain chemical elements, notably Hg and Mn, combined with an underabundance of He. For about a decade now the elements with anomalously high abundances in HgMn stars are known to be distributed inhomogeneously over the stellar surface. Temporal evolution of these elemental spots have been reported in a few HgMn stars, first secular evolution of the mercury spots in alpha And, and recently also a fast evolution of yttrium and strontium spots in HD 11753. The fast evolution of spots in HD 11753 is combined with a slower change in the overall abundance of the affected elements. In this paper I review what is known of elemental spots in HgMn stars and their secular and fast temporal evolution.

  16. HD 16771: A lithium-rich giant in the red-clump stage

    CERN Document Server

    Reddy, Arumalla B S

    2016-01-01

    Aims: We report the discovery of a young lithium rich giant, HD 16771, in the core-helium burning phase that does not seem to fit existing proposals of Li synthesis near the luminosity function bump or during He-core flash. We aim to understand the nature of Li enrichment in the atmosphere of HD 16771 by exploring various Li enhancement scenarios. Methods: We have collected high-resolution echelle spectra of HD 16771 and derived stellar parameters and chemical abundances for 27 elements by either line equivalent widths or synthetic spectrum analyses. Results: HD 16771 is a Li-rich (log(n(Li))=+2.67+/-0.10 dex) intermediate mass giant star (M=2.4+/-0.1 Msun) with age=0.76+/-0.13 Gyr and located at the red giant clump. Kinematics and chemical compositions are consistent with HD 16771 being a member of the Galactic thin disk population. The non-detection of 6Li(< 3%), a low carbon isotopic ratio (12C/13C=12+/-2), and the slow rotation (vsini=2.8 km/s) all suggest that lithium might have been synthesized in th...

  17. Volatile carbon locking and release in protoplanetary disks. A study of TW Hya and HD 100546

    CERN Document Server

    Kama, M; van Dishoeck, E F; Hogerheijde, M; Folsom, C P; Miotello, A; Fedele, D; Belloche, A; Güsten, R; Wyrowski, F

    2016-01-01

    The composition of planetary solids and gases is largely rooted in the processing of volatile elements in protoplanetary disks. To shed light on the key processes, we carry out a comparative analysis of the gas-phase carbon abundance in two systems with a similar age and disk mass, but different central stars: HD 100546 and TW Hya. We combine our recent detections of C$^{0}$ in these disks with observations of other carbon reservoirs (CO, C$^{+}$, C$_{2}$H) and gas mass and warm gas tracers (HD, O$^{0}$), as well as spatially resolved ALMA observations and the spectral energy distribution. The disks are modelled with the DALI 2D physical-chemical code. Stellar abundances for HD 100546 are derived from archival spectra. Upper limits on HD emission from HD 100546 place an upper limit on the total disk mass of $\\leq0.1\\,M_{\\odot}$. The gas-phase carbon abundance in the atmosphere of this warm Herbig disk is at most moderately depleted compared to the interstellar medium, with [C]/[H]$_{\\rm gas}=(0.1-1.5)\\times 1...

  18. Modeling the HD 32297 Debris Disk With Far-Infrared Herschel Data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Donaldson, J.K.; Lebreton, J.; Roberge, A.; Augereau, J.-C.; Krivov, A. V.

    2013-01-01

    HD 32297 is a young A-star (approx. 30 Myr) 112 pc away with a bright edge-on debris disk that has been resolved in scattered light. We observed the HD 32297 debris disk in the far-infrared and sub-millimeter with the Herschel Space Observatory PACS and SPIRE instruments, populating the spectral energy distribution (SED) from 63 to 500 micron..We aimed to determine the composition of dust grains in the HD 32297 disk through SED modeling, using geometrical constraints from the resolved imaging to break the degeneracies inherent in SED modeling. We found the best fitting SED model has two components: an outer ring centered around 110 AU, seen in the scattered light images, and an inner disk near the habitable zone of the star. The outer disk appears to be composed of grains>2 micron consisting of silicates, carbonaceous material, and water ice with an abundance ratio of 1:2:3 respectively and 90% porosity. These grains appear consistent with cometary grains, implying the underlying planetesimal population is dominated by comet-like bodies. We also discuss the 3.7 sigma detection of [C ii] emission at 158 micron with the Herschel PACS instrument, making HD 32297 one of only a handful of debris disks with circumstellar gas detected

  19. The Peculiar Debris Disk of HD 111520 as Resolved by the Gemini Planet Imager

    Science.gov (United States)

    Draper, Zachary H.; Duchêne, Gaspard; Millar-Blanchaer, Maxwell A.; Matthews, Brenda C.; Wang, Jason J.; Kalas, Paul; Graham, James R.; Padgett, Deborah; Ammons, S. Mark; Bulger, Joanna; Chen, Christine; Chilcote, Jeffrey K.; Doyon, René; Fitzgerald, Michael P.; Follette, Kate B.; Gerard, Benjamin; Greenbaum, Alexandra Z.; Hibon, Pascale; Hinkley, Sasha; Macintosh, Bruce; Ingraham, Patrick; Lafrenière, David; Marchis, Franck; Marois, Christian; Nielsen, Eric L.; Oppenheimer, Rebecca; Patel, Rahul; Patience, Jenny; Perrin, Marshall; Pueyo, Laurent; Rajan, Abhijith; Rameau, Julien; Sivaramakrishnan, Anand; Vega, David; Ward-Duong, Kimberly; Wolff, Schuyler G.

    2016-08-01

    Using the Gemini Planet Imager, we have resolved the circumstellar debris disk around HD 111520 at a projected range of ˜30–100 AU in both total and polarized H-band intensity. The disk is seen edge-on at a position angle of 165° along the spine of emission. A slight inclination and asymmetric warp are covariant and alter the interpretation of the observed disk emission. We employ three point-spread function subtraction methods to reduce the stellar glare and instrumental artifacts to confirm that there is a roughly 2:1 brightness asymmetry between the NW and SE extension. This specific feature makes HD 111520 the most extreme example of asymmetric debris disks observed in scattered light among similar highly inclined systems, such as HD 15115 and HD 106906. We further identify a tentative localized brightness enhancement and scale height enhancement associated with the disk at ˜40 AU away from the star on the SE extension. We also find that the fractional polarization rises from 10% to 40% from 0.″5 to 0.″8 from the star. The combination of large brightness asymmetry and symmetric polarization fraction leads us to believe that an azimuthal dust density variation is causing the observed asymmetry.

  20. A Search for the Transit of HD 168443b: Improved Orbital Parameters and Photometry

    CERN Document Server

    Pilyavsky, Genady; Kane, Stephen R; Howard, Andrew W; Ciardi, David R; de Pree, Chris; Dragomir, Diana; Fischer, Debra; Henry, Gregory W; Jensen, Eric L N; Laughlin, Gregory; Marlowe, Hannah; Rabus, Markus; von Braun, Kaspar; Wright, Jason T; Wang, Xuesong X

    2011-01-01

    The discovery of transiting planets around bright stars holds the potential to greatly enhance our understanding of planetary atmospheres. In this work we present the search for transits of HD 168443b, a massive planet orbiting the bright star HD 168443 V=6.92 with a period of 58.11 days. The high eccentricity of the planetary orbit e=0.53 significantly enhances the a-priori transit probability beyond that expected for a circular orbit, making HD 168443 a candidate for our ongoing Transit Ephemeris Refinement and Monitoring Survey (TERMS). Using additional radial velocities from Keck-HIRES, we refined the orbital parameters of this multi-planet system and derived a new transit ephemeris for HD 168443b. The reduced uncertainties in the transit window make a photometric transit search practicable. Photometric observations acquired during predicted transit windows were obtained on three nights. CTIO 1.0 m photometry acquired on 2010 September 7 had the required precision to detect a transit but fell just outside...

  1. The Peculiar Debris Disk of HD 111520 as Resolved by the Gemini Planet Imager

    Science.gov (United States)

    Draper, Zachary H.; Duchêne, Gaspard; Millar-Blanchaer, Maxwell A.; Matthews, Brenda C.; Wang, Jason J.; Kalas, Paul; Graham, James R.; Padgett, Deborah; Ammons, S. Mark; Bulger, Joanna; Chen, Christine; Chilcote, Jeffrey K.; Doyon, René; Fitzgerald, Michael P.; Follette, Kate B.; Gerard, Benjamin; Greenbaum, Alexandra Z.; Hibon, Pascale; Hinkley, Sasha; Macintosh, Bruce; Ingraham, Patrick; Lafrenière, David; Marchis, Franck; Marois, Christian; Nielsen, Eric L.; Oppenheimer, Rebecca; Patel, Rahul; Patience, Jenny; Perrin, Marshall; Pueyo, Laurent; Rajan, Abhijith; Rameau, Julien; Sivaramakrishnan, Anand; Vega, David; Ward-Duong, Kimberly; Wolff, Schuyler G.

    2016-08-01

    Using the Gemini Planet Imager, we have resolved the circumstellar debris disk around HD 111520 at a projected range of ∼30–100 AU in both total and polarized H-band intensity. The disk is seen edge-on at a position angle of 165° along the spine of emission. A slight inclination and asymmetric warp are covariant and alter the interpretation of the observed disk emission. We employ three point-spread function subtraction methods to reduce the stellar glare and instrumental artifacts to confirm that there is a roughly 2:1 brightness asymmetry between the NW and SE extension. This specific feature makes HD 111520 the most extreme example of asymmetric debris disks observed in scattered light among similar highly inclined systems, such as HD 15115 and HD 106906. We further identify a tentative localized brightness enhancement and scale height enhancement associated with the disk at ∼40 AU away from the star on the SE extension. We also find that the fractional polarization rises from 10% to 40% from 0.″5 to 0.″8 from the star. The combination of large brightness asymmetry and symmetric polarization fraction leads us to believe that an azimuthal dust density variation is causing the observed asymmetry.

  2. A HOT JUPITER ORBITING THE 1.7 M sun SUBGIANT HD 102956

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We report the detection of a giant planet in a 6.4950 day orbit around the 1.68 M sun subgiant HD 102956. The planet has a semimajor axis a = 0.081 AU and a minimum mass MP sin i =0.96 M Jup. HD 102956 is the most massive star known to harbor a hot Jupiter, and its planet is only the third known to orbit within 0.6 AU of a star more massive than 1.5 M sun. Based on our sample of 137 subgiants with M *>1.45 M sun, we find that 0.5%-2.3% of A-type stars harbor a close-in planet (a P sin i > 1 M Jup, consistent with hot-Jupiter occurrence for Sun-like stars. Thus, the paucity of planets with 0.1 AU < a < 1.0 AU around intermediate-mass stars may be an exaggerated version of the 'period valley' that is characteristic of planets around Sun-like stars.

  3. CGM ApS Årsberetning til DANAK

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    De Chiffre, Leonardo

    Denne årsberetning omfatter CGM ApS' akkrediterede virksomhed i kalenderåret 2003. Årsberetningen er udarbejdet til DANAK (Dansk Akkreditering, ErhvervsfremmeStyrelsen), som led i opfyldelsen af laboratoriets informationspligt i henhold til gældende regler.......Denne årsberetning omfatter CGM ApS' akkrediterede virksomhed i kalenderåret 2003. Årsberetningen er udarbejdet til DANAK (Dansk Akkreditering, ErhvervsfremmeStyrelsen), som led i opfyldelsen af laboratoriets informationspligt i henhold til gældende regler....

  4. Direct detection of the tertiary component in the massive multiple HD 150136 with VLTI

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanchez-Bermudez, J.; Schödel, R.; Alberdi, A.; Barbá, R. H.; Hummel, C. A.; Maíz Apellániz, J.; Pott, J.-U.

    2013-06-01

    Context. Massive stars are of fundamental importance for almost all aspects of astrophysics, but there still exist large gaps in our understanding of their properties and formation because they are rare and therefore distant. It has been found that most O-stars are multiples. It may well be that almost all massive stars are born as triples or higher multiples, but their large distances require milliarcsecond angular resolution for a direct detection of the companions. Aims: HD 150136 is the nearest system to Earth with >100 M⊙ and provides a unique opportunity to study an extremely massive system. Recently, evidence for the existence of a third component in HD 150136, in addition to the tight spectroscopic binary that forms the main component, was found in spectroscopic observations. Our aim was to image and obtain astrometric and photometric measurements of this component using long-baseline optical interferometry to further constrain the nature of this component. Methods: We observed HD 150136 with the near-infrared instrument AMBER attached to the ESO VLT Interferometer, which provides an angular resolution of 2 mas. The recovered closure phases are robust to systematic errors and provide unique information on the source asymmetry. Therefore, they are of crucial relevance for both image reconstruction and model fitting of the source structure. Results: The third component in HD 150136 is clearly detected in the high-quality data from AMBER. It is located at a projected angular distance of 7.3 mas, or about 13 AU at the line-of-sight distance of HD 150136, at a position angle of 209 degrees east of north, and has a flux ratio of 0.25 with respect to the inner binary. Our findings agree with previous results and have permitted us to improve the orbital solutions of the tertiary around the inner system. Conclusions: We resolved the third component of HD 150136 in J, H and K filters. The luminosity and color of the tertiary agrees with the predictions and shows

  5. Non-detection of Previously Reported Transits of HD 97658b with MOST Photometry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dragomir, Diana; Matthews, Jaymie M.; Howard, Andrew W.;

    2012-01-01

    The radial velocity-discovered exoplanet HD 97658b was recently announced to transit, with a derived planetary radius of 2.93 ± 0.28 R ⊕. As a transiting super-Earth orbiting a bright star, this planet would make an attractive candidate for additional observations, including studies of its atmosp...... out transits for a planet with radius larger than 2.09 R ⊕, corresponding to the reported 3σ lower limit. We also report new radial velocity measurements which continue to support the existence of an exoplanet with a period of 9.5 days, and obtain improved orbital parameters.......The radial velocity-discovered exoplanet HD 97658b was recently announced to transit, with a derived planetary radius of 2.93 ± 0.28 R ⊕. As a transiting super-Earth orbiting a bright star, this planet would make an attractive candidate for additional observations, including studies of its...

  6. Asteroseismic analysis of the CoRoT target HD 169392

    CERN Document Server

    Mathur, S; Catala, C; Benomar, O; Davies, G R; Garcia, R A; Salabert, D; Ballot, J; Mosser, B; Regulo, C; Chaplin, W J; Elsworth, Y; Handberg, R; Hekker, S; Mantegazza, L; Michel, E; Poretti, E; Rainer, M; Roxburgh, I W; Samadi, R; Steslicki, M; Uytterhoeven, K; Verner, G A; Auvergne, M; Baglin, A; Forteza, S Barcelo; Baudin, F; Cortes, T Roca

    2013-01-01

    The satellite CoRoT (Convection, Rotation, and planetary Transits) has provided high-quality data for almost six years. We show here the asteroseismic analysis and modeling of HD169392A, which belongs to a binary system weakly gravitationally bound as the distance between the two components is of 4250 AU. The main component, HD169392A, is a G0IV star with a magnitude of 7.50 while the second component is a G0V-G2IV star with a magnitude of 8.98. This analysis focuses on the main component, as the secondary one is too faint to measure any seismic parameters. A complete modeling has been possible thanks to the complementary spectroscopic observations from HARPS, providing Teff=5985+/-60K, log g=3.96+/-0.07, and [Fe/H]=- 0.04+/-0.10.

  7. First HARPSpol discoveries of magnetic fields in massive stars

    CERN Document Server

    Alecian, E; Neiner, C; Wade, G A; de Batz, B; Henrichs, H; Grunhut, J H; Bouret, J -C; Briquet, M; Gagne, M; Naze, Y; Oksala, M E; Rivinius, T; Townsend, R H D; Walborn, N R; Weiss, W

    2011-01-01

    In the framework of the Magnetism in Massive Stars (MiMeS) project, a HARPSpol Large Program at the 3.6m-ESO telescope has recently started to collect high-resolution spectropolarimetric data of a large number of Southern massive OB stars in the field of the Galaxy and in many young clusters and associations. In this Letter, we report on the first discoveries of magnetic fields in two massive stars with HARPSpol - HD 130807 and HD 122451, and confirm the presence of a magnetic field at the surface of HD 105382 that was previously observed with a low spectral resolution device. The longitudinal magnetic field measurements are strongly varying for HD 130807 from $\\sim$-100 G to $\\sim$700 G. Those of HD 122451 and HD 105382 are less variable with values ranging from $\\sim$-40 to -80 G, and from $\\sim$-300 to -600 G, respectively. The discovery and confirmation of three new magnetic massive stars, including at least two He-weak stars, is an important contribution to one of the MiMeS objectives: the understanding ...

  8. HD DVD而生——Seastone HD DVD包装盒

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    虽然支持HD DVD的好莱坞制版商还不能透露HD DVD影碟确切的发行日期,但他们的一个合作伙伴公司透露了相关的消息。Seastone、Media Group[海石媒介集团]最近推出了专门针对HD DVD碟片设计的包装盒。

  9. AP physics B crash course

    CERN Document Server

    Howell, Rebecca

    2012-01-01

    AP Physics B Crash Course - Get a Higher Advanced Placement Score in Less Time Crash Course is perfect for the time-crunched student, the last-minute studier, or anyone who wants a refresher on the subject. Our AP Physics B Crash Course gives you: Targeted, Focused Review - Study Only What You Need to Know The Crash Course is based on an in-depth analysis of the AP Physics B course description outline and actual AP test questions. It covers only the information tested on the exam, so you can make the most of your valuable study time. Our easy-to-read format covers: mechanics, kinetic theory, t

  10. Evidence for weak magnetic fields in early-type emission stars

    CERN Document Server

    Hubrig, S; Pogodin, M; Schöller, M; Peters, G J

    2007-01-01

    We report the results of our study of magnetic fields in a sample of 15 Be stars using spectropolarimetric data obtained at the European Southern Observatory with the multi-mode instrument FORS1 installed at the 8m Kueyen telescope. We detect weak photospheric magnetic fields in four stars, HD56014, HD148184, HD155806, and HD181615. We note that for HD181615 the evolutionary status is not obvious due to the fact that it is a binary system currently observed in the initial rapid phase of mass exchange between the two components. Further, we notify the possible presence of distinct circular polarisation features in the circumstellar components of Ca II H&K in three stars, HD58011, HD117357, and HD181615, hinting at a probable presence of magnetic fields in the circumstellar mass loss disks of these stars. We emphasize the need for future spectropolarimetric observations of Be stars with detected magnetic fields to study the temporal evolution of their magnetic fields and the correlation of magnetic field pr...

  11. Near-Infrared Imaging Polarimetry of HD142527

    CERN Document Server

    Canovas, H; Hales, A; Jordan, A; Schreiber, M R; Casassus, S; Gledhill, T M; Pinte, C

    2013-01-01

    HD 142527 is a pre-transition disk with strong evidence for on-going planet formation. Recent observations show a disrupted disk with spiral arms, a dust-depleted inner cavity and the possible presence of gas streams driving gas from the outer disk towards the central star. We aim to derive the morphology of the disk, as well as the distribution and properties of the dust at its surface. We have obtained polarized differential images of HD 142527 at $H$ and $Ks$ bands with NaCo at the VLT. Combining these images with classical PSF-subtraction, we are able to derive the polarization degree of this disk. At $H$ band the polarization degree of the disk varies between 10% and 25%. This result cannot be reproduced by dust distributions containing highly porous material. The polarization is better matched by distributions of compact particles, with maximum sizes at least up to a few microns, in agreement with previous observations. We also observe two regions of low emission (nulls) in total and in polarized intens...

  12. XMM-Newton observations of HD189733 during planetary transits

    CERN Document Server

    Pillitteri, I; Cohen, O; Kashyap, V; Knutson, H; Lisse, C M; Henry, G W

    2010-01-01

    We report on two XMM-Newton observations of the planetary host star HD189733. The system has a close in planet and it can potentially affect the coronal structure via interactions with the magnetosphere. We have obtained X-ray spectra and light curves from EPIC and RGS on board XMM-Newton which we have analyzed and interpreted. We reduced X-ray data from primary transit and secondary eclipse occurred in April 17th 2007 and May 18th 2009, respectively. In the April 2007 observation only variability due to weak flares is recognized. In 2009 HD189733 exhibited a X-ray flux always larger than in the 2007 observation. The average flux in 2009 was higher than in 2007 observation by a factor of 45%. During the 2009 secondary eclipse we observed a softening of the X-ray spectrum significant at level of ~3 sigma. Further, we observed the most intense flare recorded at either epochs. This flare occurred 3 ks after the end of the eclipse.The flare decay shows several minor ignitions perhaps linked to the main event and ...

  13. HD100546 Multi-Epoch Scattered-Light Observations

    CERN Document Server

    Avenhaus, Henning; Meyer, Michael R; Brittain, Sean D; Carr, John S; Najita, Joan R

    2014-01-01

    We present H, Ks and L filter polarimetric differential imaging (PDI) data for the transitional disk around HD100546 obtained in 2013, together with an improved re-reduction of previously published 2006 data. We reveal the disk in polarized scattered light in all three filters, achieving an inner working angle of 0.1 arcsec. Additional, short-exposure observations in the H and Ks filter probe the surrounding of the star down to about 0.03 (about 3 AU). HD100546 is fascinating because of its variety of sub-structures possibly related to forming planets in the disk, and PDI is currently the best technique to image them in the near-IR. Our key results are: (1) For the first time ever, we detect a disk in L-band PDI data. (2) We constrain the outer radius of the inner hole to 14pm2 AU and its eccentricity to < 0.133. (3) We detect a dark lane in the front side of the disk, which is likely an effect of the scattering angle and the scattering function of the grains. (4) We find a spiral arm in the northeast whic...

  14. About the p-mode frequency shifts in HD 49933

    CERN Document Server

    Salabert, D; Ballot, J; Garcia, R A; Mathur, S

    2011-01-01

    We study the frequency dependence of the frequency shifts of the low-degree p modes measured in the F5V star HD 49933, by analyzing the second run of observations collected by the CoRoT satellite. The 137-day light curve is divided into two subseries corresponding to periods of low and high stellar activity. The activity-frequency relationship is obtained independently from the analysis of the mode frequencies extracted by both a local and a global peak-fitting analyses, and from a cross-correlation technique in the frequency range between 1450 microHz and 2500 microHz. The three methods return consistent results. We show that the frequency shifts measured in HD 49933 present a frequency dependence with a clear increase with frequency, reaching a maximal shift of about 2 microHz around 2100 microHz. Similar variations are obtained between the l=0 and l=1 modes. At higher frequencies, the frequency shifts show indications of a downturn followed by an upturn, consistent between the l=0 and 1 modes. We show that...

  15. A Six-Planet System Orbiting HD 219134

    CERN Document Server

    Vogt, Steven S; Meschiari, Stefano; Butler, R Paul; Henry, Gregory W; Wang, Songhu; Holden, Brad; Gapp, Cyril; Hanson, Russell; Arriagada, Pamela; Keiser, Sandy; Teske, Johanna; Laughlin, Gregory

    2015-01-01

    We present new, high-precision Doppler radial velocity (RV) data sets for the nearby K3V star HD 219134. The data include 175 velocities obtained with the HIRES Spectrograph at the Keck I Telescope, and 101 velocities obtained with the Levy Spectrograph at the Automated Planet Finder Telescope (APF) at Lick Observatory. Our observations reveal six new planetary candidates, with orbital periods of P=3.1, 6.8, 22.8, 46.7, 94.2 and 2247 days, spanning masses of msini=3.8, 3.5, 8.9, 21.3, 10.8 and 108 M_earth respectively. Our analysis indicates that the outermost signal is unlikely to be an artifact induced by stellar activity. In addition, several years of precision photometry with the T10 0.8~m automatic photometric telescope (APT) at Fairborn Observatory demonstrated a lack of brightness variability to a limit of ~0.0002 mag, providing strong support for planetary-reflex motion as the source of the radial velocity variations. The HD 219134 system, with its bright (V=5.6) primary provides an excellent opportun...

  16. The HD 5980 multiple system: Masses and evolutionary status

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Koenigsberger, Gloria [Instituto de Ciencias Físicas, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Ave. Universidad S/N, Cuernavaca, Morelos 62210 (Mexico); Morrell, Nidia [Las Campanas Observatory, The Carnegie Observatories, Colina El Pino s/n, Casillas 601, La Serena (Chile); Hillier, D. John [Department of Physics and Astronomy, and Pittsburgh Particle Physics, Astrophysics and Cosmology Center (PITT PACC), 3941 O' Hara Street, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15260 (United States); Gamen, Roberto [Facultad de Ciencias Astronómicas y Geofísicas, Universidad Nacional de La Plata, and Instituto de Astrofísica de La Plata (CCT La Plata-CONICET), Paseo del Bosque S/N, B1900FWA La Plata (Argentina); Schneider, Fabian R. N.; González-Jiménez, Nicolás; Langer, Norbert [Argelander-Institut für Astronomie, Auf dem Hügel 71, D-53121 Bonn (Germany); Barbá, Rodolfo, E-mail: gloria@astro.unam.mx, E-mail: nmorrell@lco.edu, E-mail: hillier@pitt.edu, E-mail: rgamen@fcaglp.unlp.edu.ar, E-mail: fschneid@astro.uni-bonn.de, E-mail: ngonzalez@astro.uni-bonn.de, E-mail: nlanger@astro.uni-bonn.de, E-mail: rbarba@dfuls.cl [Departamento de Física, Av. Juan Cisternas 1200 Norte, Universidad de la Serena, La Serena (Chile)

    2014-10-01

    New spectroscopic observations of the LBV/WR multiple system HD 5980 in the Small Magellanic Cloud are used to address the question of the masses and evolutionary status of the two very luminous stars in the 19.3 day eclipsing binary system. Two distinct components of the N V 4944 Å line are detected in emission and their radial velocity variations are used to derive masses of 61 and 66 M {sub ☉}, under the assumption that binary interaction effects on this atomic transition are negligible. We propose that this binary system is the product of quasi-chemically homogeneous evolution with little or no mass transfer. Thus, both of these binary stars may be candidates for gamma-ray burst progenitors or even pair instability supernovae. Analysis of the photospheric absorption lines belonging to the third-light object in the system confirm that it consists of an O-type star in a 96.56 day eccentric orbit (e = 0.82) around an unseen companion. The 5:1 period ratio and high eccentricities of the two binaries suggest that they may constitute a hierarchical quadruple system.

  17. Center for Geometrisk Metrologi, CGM ApS

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    De Chiffre, Leonardo

    Denne årsberetning omfatter CGM ApS' akkrediterede virksomhed i kalenderåret 2002. Årsberetningen er udarbejdet til DANAK (Dansk Akkreditering, Erhvervsfremme Styrelsen), som led i opfyldelsen af laboratoriets informationspligt i henhold til gældende regler (Teknisk Forskrift Nr. TF4 af 2000.11.0...

  18. VizieR Online Data Catalog: Fe-group elemental abundance analysis in HD84937 (Sneden+, 2016)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sneden, C.; Cowan, J. J.; Kobayashi, C.; Pignatari, M.; Lawler, J. E.; den Hartog, E. A.; Wood, M. P.

    2016-04-01

    Solar and HD 84937 data sets are the same as in previous papers of this series. The spectra have been discussed in detail by Lawler et al. (2013ApJS..205...11L). For the Sun we used the photospheric center-of-disk spectrum of Delbouille et al. (1973apds.book.....D). The ground-based spectrum of HD 84937 was obtained from the ESO Very Large Telescope UVES archive. It extends over 3100<~λ<~10000Å, with resolving power R~60000 and signal-to-noise ratio S/N~100 at 3500Å. The vacuum-UV spectrum of HD 84937 comes from the Hubble Space Telescope Imaging Spectrograph (HST/STIS) public archive, having been part of proposal #7402 (PI: R. C. Peterson) with a wavelength range 2280<~λ<~3120Å and R~25000. (2 data files).

  19. X-ray activity phased with planet motion in HD 189733?

    OpenAIRE

    Pillitteri, I.; Guenther, H. M.; Wolk, S. J.; Kashyap, V.; Cohen, O.

    2011-01-01

    We report on the follow-up XMM-Newton observation of the planet-hosting star HD 189733 we obtained in April 2011. We observe a flare just after the secondary transit of the hot Jupiter. This event shares the same phase and many of the characteristics of the flare we observed in 2009. We suggest that a systematic interaction between planet and stellar magnetic fields when the planet passes close to active regions on the star can lead to periodic variability phased with planetary motion. By mea...

  20. Fundamental parameters of 8 Am stars: comparing observations with theory

    CERN Document Server

    Catanzaro, G

    2014-01-01

    In this paper we present a detailed analysis of a sample of eight Am stars, four of them are in the {\\it Kepler} field of view. We derive fundamental parameters for all observed stars, effective temperature, gravity, rotational and radial velocities, and chemical abundances by spectral synthesis method. Further, to place these stars in the HR diagram, we computed their luminosity. Two objects among our sample, namely HD\\,114839 and HD\\,179458 do not present the typical characteristic of Am stars, while for the others six we confirm their nature. The behavior of lithium abundance as a function of the temperature with respect the normal A-type stars has been also investigated, we do not find any difference between metallic and normal A stars. All the pulsating Am stars present in our sample (five out of eight) lies in the $\\delta$~Sct instability strip, close to the red edge.