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Sample records for aortopulmonary septal defect

  1. Prenatal diagnosis of fetal aortopulmonary septal defect with ventricular septal defect by two-dimension echocardiography

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    @@ Fetal aortopulmonary septal defect (APSD) is an extremely rare condition, accounting for 0.1%-0.2% of all cardiac defects in live births world wide.1 Hospital mortality is 13% and 33% for simple and complex APSD, respectively.2 This rare cardiac defect refers to a congenital malformation in the development of the arteriosus truncus septum, and is usually associated with a wide variety of other structural cardiac anomalies such as ventricular septal defect (VSD), pulmonary valve stegnosis and so on.3 Prenatal diagnosis of an APSD is possible by echocardiography.

  2. Combined Rastelli and Bentall Procedures for Pulmonary Atresia With Ventricular Septal Defect and a Large Aortopulmonary Collateral Artery and Ascending Aorta Aneurysm.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chiostri, Benjamin; Piccinini, Fernando; Vrancic, Mariano; Klinger, Daniel; Navia, Daniel; Lalor, Nicolas; Longo, Francisco; Kreutzer, Christián

    2014-06-23

    We report a challenging case of a 32-year-old patient in New York Heart Association (NYHA) class IV with pulmonary atresia, ventricular septal defect, a left aortopulmonary collateral artery, a right modified Blalock-Taussing shunt, and a gigantic aneurysm of the ascending aorta with severe aortic valve insufficiency. A combined Rastelli and Bentall procedure was performed by a joint adult and pediatric cardiovascular surgery team. One year after the operation, the patient is in NYHA class I, working full time. PMID:24958054

  3. Surgical experience for the treatment of aortopulmonary septal defect%主肺间隔缺损的外科治疗

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李进华; 来永强; 李景伟; 赖以恒; 崔永超; 郝兴海; 章良; 周其文

    2009-01-01

    目的 探讨主肺间隔缺损的外科治疗经验.方法 1987年12月至2007年3月,16例主肺间隔缺损病儿(人),其中男11例,女5例,年龄5个月~22岁,平均(8.2±7.1)岁;体重5.8~50.0 kg,平均(22.2±13.9)kg.Mori分型Ⅰ型7例,Ⅱ型7例,Ⅲ型2例.主肺间隔缺损大小10~35mm,平均(22.6±7.3)mm.其中合并室间隔缺损、房间隔缺损和肺主动脉弓离断畸形(B型)各2例,动脉导管未闭1例.术前10例行心导管检查,肺动脉收缩压50~120 mm Hg(1 mm Hg=0.133 kPa),平均(75.4±25.2)mm Hg,肺动脉平均压21~100 mm Hg,平均(60.3±24.8)m Hg.14例在中低温体外循环下完成手术,2例在深低温停循环完成手术.结果 主动脉阻断(70.6±48.1)min,体外循环(110.5±62.9)min.术后10例肺动脉收缩压(50.2±18.5)mm Hg,平均肺动脉压(40.0±15.2)mm Hg,术后呼吸机使用(22.6±14.5)h,滞留蕈症监护室1~70 d,总住院14~127 d.2例合并主动脉弓离断者围术期分别死于急性肾衰和术后低心排出量综合征.14例痊愈,平均随访(8.8±7.5)年,1例主肺动脉间隔小残余漏,余心功能明显改善.结论 主肺间隔缺损者肺血管病理改变早,早期诊断、及时手术,能降低病死率.%Objective Aortopulmonary septal defect is rare and accounted for abont 0.15% to0.60% of infants and children with congenital heart malformation. Aortopulmonary septal defect has similar pathophysiologic findings with patent ductus. Early pul-monary hypertension and congestive heart failure may develop as a result of large left to right shunt from the ascending aorta to the pul-monary artery, with a relatively rapid progression of pathological changes in the pulmonary vessels associated with pulmonary hyperten-sion. This article will describe our surgical experience in the treatment of this disease. Methods From December 1987 to March 2000,16 cases with aortopulmonary septal defect underwent surgical treatment, 11 were males and 5 were females. The mean age and weight were (8

  4. Atrial Septal Defect (For Parents)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Video) Going to the Hospital Your Heart & Circulatory System Quiz: Heart & Circulatory System EKG (Video) What's It Like to Have Surgery? Atrial Septal Defect Ventricular Septal Defect Heart and Circulatory System Anesthesia Basics Contact Us Print Resources Send to ...

  5. Aortopulmonary window

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aortopulmonary window is a rare heart defect in which there is a hole connecting the major artery taking blood ... rest of the body. Babies with an aortopulmonary window have a hole in between the aorta and ...

  6. Transposition of the great arteries, atrial septal defect and ventricular septal defect

    OpenAIRE

    Camilleri, Ramona

    2013-01-01

    Three-day-old baby girl, transferred to NPICU because of low saturations and a development of a murmur. Following a number of rigourous test and the appropriate investigations, she was diagnosed with Transposition of the Great Arteries (TGA), a large Atrial Septal Defect, and a malaligned Ventricular Septal Defect. She was then transferred to Great Ormond Street Hospital (GOSH) for corrective surgey.

  7. Aortopulmonary window in infants

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehdi Ghaderian

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available One of the rarest congenital heart diseases that results from a defect between the main pulmonary artery and the proximal aorta is named aortopulmonary window (APW. Such abnormality could be isolated, but in fifty percent of patients may be associated with other cardiac abnormalities, including arch abnormalities, specifically coarctation of the aorta, interrupted aortic arch, tetralogy of fallot, and atrial septal defect (ASD. Surgical closure or catheter-delivered devices is recommended in all patients with APW and should be performed after diagnosis as soon as possible to prevent irreversible pulmonary vascular disease. In the current era, early mortality following repair of simple APW is low and depends on the presence of associated lesions, especially interrupted aortic arch. We report an 8-month-old boy with APW who was referred to our center by respiratory symptoms and heart murmurs.

  8. Atrioventricular septal defects among infants in Europe

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Nikolas; Andersen, Helle; Garne, Ester;

    2013-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To describe the epidemiology of chromosomal and non-chromosomal cases of atrioventricular septal defects in Europe. METHODS: Data were obtained from EUROCAT, a European network of population-based registries collecting data on congenital anomalies. Data from 13 registries for the perio...

  9. Long-term Outcomes of Surgical Repair for Pulmonary Atresia with Ventricular Septal Defect and Major Aortopulmonary Collateral Arteries%手术治疗肺动脉闭锁伴室间隔缺损合并主肺侧枝动脉患者的远期预后

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑景浩; 杨寅愉; 刘锦纷; 徐志伟; 苏肇伉; 丁文祥

    2012-01-01

    pulmonary atresia with ventricular septal defect (PA-VSD) and major aortopulmonary collateral arteries (MAPCAs). Methods We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 29 patients with PA-VSD and MAPCAs who underwent surgical repair in Shanghai Children's Medical Center from February 2001 to February 2010. There were 13 patients in the one-stage operation group and 16 patients in the staged operation group. There were 8 males and 5 females in the one-stage operation group with their age ranging from 8 to 168 (26. 0± 17. 0) months. There were 9 males and 7 females in the staged operation group with their age ranging from 4 to 149 (26. 5 ± 15. 8)months. Eight patients underwent their second operation with the time interval between the two operations ranging from 14 to 40 (28. 3±11. 7)months. For MAPCAs, 9 patients underwent unifocalization, 16 patients underwent ligation or occlusion via cardiac catheterization, and the other 4 patients left them open or unrepaired. We compared postoperative mortality, complications, long-term outcomes, and quality of life between the two groups. Quality of life of the 29 PA-VSD patients was measured according to Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory version 4. 0 and compared with 100 children from a kindergarten as a control group. Results Postoperative mortality of one-stage opera- tion group was significantly higher than that of staged operation group at 15.4%(2/13) vs. 0.0% with χ2=4.12 and P=0.04. There was no statistical difference in the rate of postoperative complications between the two groups at 75. 0% (9/12) vs. 56. 2% (9/16) with χ2=0. 51 and P=0. 47. Patients were followed up for 3 to 88 months, and the follow-up mortality of one-stage operation group was not significantly higher than that of staged operation group at 27. 3% (3/11) vs. 6. 2% (1/16) with χ2= 2. 28 and P=0. 13. There was no statistical difference in overall quality of life score between one-stage operation group and staged operation group (66. 7 ± 8. 6 vs 70

  10. Pulmonary atresia and ventricular septal defect with collaterals to right lung associated with anomalous left pulmonary artery from the ascending aorta

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Khositseth, Anant [Mahidol University, Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Ramathibodi Hospital, Bangkok (Thailand); Siripornpitak, Suvipaporn; Pornkul, Ratanaporn [Mahidol University, Department of Radiology, Ramathibodi Hospital, Bangkok (Thailand)

    2010-12-15

    We present a 10-month-old boy with cyanosis. This is a rare case of pulmonary atresia, ventricular septal defect (VSD), major aorto-pulmonary collateral arteries (MAPCAs) to the right lung with absent native right pulmonary artery (RPA) in association with anomalous left pulmonary artery (LPA) from the ascending aorta (AAo). Echocardiography was unable to identify all of the cardiovascular abnormalities. Multidetector CT demonstrated all of these abnormalities and is the investigation of choice instead of cardiac catheterization. (orig.)

  11. Transvenous closure of large aortopulmonary collateral

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Parag W Barwad

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Aortopulmonary collaterals (APCs are occluded either preoperatively or at the time of cardiac surgery in patients with pulmonary atresia and ventricular septal defect (PAVSD. If left untreated, APCs are an important cause of deterioration in the early postoperative period. We present here an unusual case with a large residual APC causing refractory low-output state in the early postoperative period. Usual arterial approach failed due to extensive angulation with ostial narrowing. The large residual APC was successfully closed with an Amplatzer duct occluder (ADO device delivered through the transvenous route.

  12. Right ventricular remodeling in restrictive ventricular septal defect

    OpenAIRE

    Monreal, Gretel; Youtz, Dane J.; Phillips, Alistair B.; Eyman, Mahala E.; Gorr, Matthew W.; Velten, Christina; Lucchesi, Pamela A.; Wold, Loren E.; Gerhardt, Mark A.

    2010-01-01

    Restrictive ventricular septal defect (rVSD) presents with little/no hemodynamic aberrations despite a patent septal defect. Clinically, these patients are observed with the hope that the defect will functionally close over time without the need for surgical repair and development of heart failure. Without evidence supporting a definitive therapeutic strategy, rVSD patients may have increased risk of a poor outcome. We tested the hypothesis that rVSD results in subclinical RV diastolic dysfun...

  13. The Evaluation of 208 Ventricular Septal Defect Patients

    OpenAIRE

    Paç, F. Ayşenur; EGE, Erdal; Paç, Mustafa; Battaloğlu, Bektaş; Emmiler, Mustafa; Akpınar, Beşir; Sarı, Süleyman; Pelik, Fatma

    2001-01-01

    Venticular septal defect is the most common congenital heart defect except bicüspit aortic valve. The first description of ventricular septal defect as a clinical entity was credited to Roger in 1879. It occurs in 1.5-2 in 1000 alive birth. We studied retrospectively 208 cases of VSD seen in our medical center. The patients were evaluated according to the especially clinical data, types of VSD, closure rates, complications (AVP, AY, VSD aneurysm), and surgical therapies. Key words: Ventri...

  14. Familial Atrial Septal Defect and Sudden Cardiac Death

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ellesøe, Sabrina Gade; Johansen, Morten Munk; Bjerre, Jesper Vandborg;

    2016-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: Atrial septal defect (ASD) is the second most common congenital heart defect (CHD) and is observed in families as an autosomal dominant trait as well as in nonfamilial CHD. Mutations in the NKX2-5 gene, located on chromosome 5, are associated with ASD, often combined with conduction...

  15. Echocardiographic evaluation of ventricular septal defect haemodynamics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miranović Vesna

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction Ventricular septal defect (VSD is an opening in the interventricular septum. 30-50% of patients with congenital heart disease have VSD. Objective The aim of the study was to determine the dependence of the left ventricular diastolic dimension (LVD, left ventricular systolic dimension (LVS, shortening fraction (SF, left atrium (LA, pulmonary artery truncus (TPA on the body surface and compare their values among experimental, control and a group of healthy children. Values of maximal systolic gradient pressure (Pvsd of VSD were compared with children from one experimental and control group. Method Children were divided into three groups: experimental (32 children with VSD that were to go to surgery, control (20 children with VSD who did not require surgery and 40 healthy children. Measurements of LVD, LVS, SF, LA, TPA were performed in accordance to recommendations of the American Echocardiographic Association. The value of Pvsd was calculated from the maximal flow velocity (V in VSD using the following formula: Pvsd=4xVІ (mm Hg. Results For children from the experimental group, the relationship between the body surface and the variability of the LVD was explained with 56.85%, LVS with 66.15%, SF with 4.9%, TPA with 58.92%. For children from the control group, the relationship between the body surface and the variability of LVD was explained with 88.8%, LVS with 72.5%, SF with 0.42%, PA with 58.92%. For healthy children, the relationship between the body surface and the variabilitiy of the LVD was explained with 88.8%, LVS with 88.78%, SF with 5.25% and PA with 84.75%. There was a significant statistical difference between average values of Pvsd in the experimental and control group (p<0.02. Conclusion The presence of the large VSD has an influence on the enlargement of LVD, LVS, SF, TPA. The enlargement of the size of the pulmonary artery depends on the presence of VSD and there is a direct variation in the magnitude of the shunt

  16. Angiographic study of systemic-pulmonary collateral in pulmonary atresia with ventricular septal defect

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To evaluate the angiography in demonstrating the development of systemic-pulmonary collateral vessels and pulmonary arteries, and its clinical significance in pulmonary atresia with ventricular septal defect (PA + VSD). Methods: The findings of angiography of the right ventricle and aorta arch and upper portion of the descending thoracic aorta in 98 cases with PA + VSD were retrospectively studied including 63 additional selective angiography of collateral vessels. The types of systemic-pulmonary collateral vessels and the development of left and right native pulmonary arteries with or without fusion were emphatically analyzed, etc. Results: Among those 98 cases, the pulmonary arteries were supplied by patent ductus arteriosus in 14(14%), 11 of them were infants and young children; and by direct aortopulmonary collaterals in 43(44%); by multiple origin of systemic-pulmonary artery collaterals in 41(42%). 60 of 98 cases were visualized the presence of left and right native pulmonary arteries through collateral vessels. Among them, the hypoplasia of left and/or right pulmonary arteries was found. Conclusion: Angiography of right ventricle and aorta combined with necessary selective angiography of collateral vessels was still an indispensable method in the demonstration of systemic-pulmonary collateral vessels and development of pulmonary arteries, and provided the main basis for the selection of indications for interventional/surgical therapy

  17. Initial experience in Brazil with the Helex septal occluder for percutaneous occlusion of atrial septal defects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedra Carlos A.C.

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the initial clinical experience with the Helex septal occluder for percutaneous closure of atrial septal defects. METHODS: Ten patients underwent the procedure, 7 patients with ostium secundum atrial septal defects (ASD with hemodynamic repercussions and 3 patients with pervious foramen ovale (PFO and a history of stroke. Mean age was 33.8 years and mean weight was 55.4 kg. Mean diameter by transesophageal echocardiography and mean stretched ASD diameter were 11.33 ± 3.3mm, and 15.2 ± 3.8mm, respectively. The Qp/Qs ratio was 1.9 ± 0.3 in patients with ASD. RESULTS: Eleven occluders were placed because a patient with 2 holes needed 2 devices. It was necessary to retrieve and replace 4 devices in 3 patients. We observed immediate residual shunt (< 2mm in 4 patients with ASD, and in those with patent foramen ovale total occlusion of the defect occurred. No complications were noted, and all patients were discharged on the following day. After 1 month, 2 patients with ASD experienced trivial residual shunts (1mm. In 1 patient, we observed mild prolapse in the proximal disk in the right atrium, without consequences. CONCLUSION: The Helex septal occluder was safe and effective for occluding small to moderate atrial septal defects. Because the implantation technique is demanding, it requires specific training of the operator. Even so, small technical failures may occur in the beginning of the learning curve, but they do not involve patient safety.

  18. Intermittent′ restrictive ventricular septal defect in Tetralogy of Fallot

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sudhir S Shetkar

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Ventricular septal defect (VSD in Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF is usually large and non-restrictive with equalization of right and left ventricular pressures. Restrictive VSD in TOF is rare. We present an unusual case of TOF with restriction to VSD caused by accessory tricuspid valve tissue that varied with respiration.

  19. Transcatheter closure of secundum atrial septal defect using an Amplatzer septal occluder

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孔祥清; 曹克将; 杨荣; 许迪; 盛燕辉; 黄峻; 马文珠

    2002-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the safety and efficacy of the Amplatzer septal occluder for transcatheter closure in patients with secundum atrial septal defect (ASD Ⅱ). Methods Patients with clinically confirmed ASD Ⅱ were recommended for transcatheter closure of ASD Ⅱ. Results 30 ASD Ⅱ patients (20 females) underwent transcatheter closure at a median age of 18.4 years (5-55 years). Both the stretched diameters of ASDs and the sizes of the devices were from 18 to 34?mm (25±7?mm). The successful placement rate was 100%. The rest shunt documented by color Doppler, was immediately after implantation in 40% of patients, in 9.9% after 24 hours, and in 3.3% trace at 3 months. No serious complications were observed. There was improvement in symptoms and in cardiac size. Septal motion abnormalities normalized in all patients after 3 months follow-up. Conclusion The Amplatzer septal occluder is a safe and effective device for transcatheter closure of ASD Ⅱ. Long-term follow-up is still required before widespread clinical use can be recommended.

  20. Pulmonary edema following transcatheter closure of atrial septal defect

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    Keerthi Chigurupati

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available We describe an incident of development of acute pulmonary edema after the device closure of a secundum atrial septal defect in a 52-year-old lady, which was treated with inotropes, diuretics and artificial ventilation. Possibility of acute left ventricular dysfunction should be considered after the defect closure in the middle-aged patients as the left ventricular compliance may be reduced due to increased elastic stiffness and diastolic dysfunction. Baseline left atrial pressure may be > 10 mmHg in these patients. Associated risk factors for the left ventricular dysfunction are a large Qp:Qs ratio, systemic hypertension, severe pulmonary hypertension and paroxysmal atrial fibrillation.

  1. Dysphagia Lusoria with atrial septal defect: Simultaneous repair through midline

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An aberrant right subclavian artery from the descending aorta is almost always reported as an isolated anomaly. We present the case of a four-year-old child with an anomalous origin of the right subclavian artery from the descending aorta, associated with an ostium secundum atrial septal defect. The patient underwent simultaneous repair of both the anomalies through median sternotomy, with implantation of the subclavian artery into the right common carotid artery. We believe that median sternotomy is the optimal surgical approach for the management of these lesions. Other operative approaches are also discussed

  2. [Axillary approach for surgical closure of atrial septal defect].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gil-Jaurena, J M; Castillo, R; Zabala, J I; Conejo, L; Cuenca, V; Picazo, B

    2013-08-01

    Mid-line sternotomy is the routine approach for surgical repair of congenital heart diseases. However, its noticeable scar is a constant reminder of having undergone heart surgery. Several alternative approaches have been developed for simple cardiac conditions to hide the scar. Our series, consisting of 26 patients with axillary closure of atrial septal defect, is presented. The median age was 5.45 years (range 3-13), and median weight was 19.84 Kg. (range 13-37). The defect was closed directly in 13 cases, and with an autologous pericardial patch in the other 13. The number of surgical steps and time taken were the same as in median sternotomy. Functional recovery, intensive care unit stay, and hospital discharge were also standard. The cosmetic result, assessed both by patients and relatives, was excellent. PMID:23462094

  3. [Transcatheter closure of atrial septal defect with a prototype clamshell septal umbrella: one year follow-up].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koike, K; Echigo, S; Kumate, M; Kobayashi, T; Isoda, T; Ishii, M; Ishizawa, A; Kamiya, T; Kato, H

    1994-01-01

    Transcatheter closure of a secundum atrial septal defect was attempted using a prototype clamshell septal umbrella closure system in 11 patients (six males, five females, aged 4.4-15.0 years and weighing 16-51 kg). The balloon stretched atrial septal defects were 10.3 to 20 mm in diameter, and 23 to 40 mm diameter umbrellas were used. All patients improved clinically after the procedure. Fixed splitting of the second heart sound disappeared after closure in 10 patients, systolic murmur disappeared in nine, diastolic rumble in nine, and paradoxical ventricular septal motion in seven. Doppler color flow imaging immediately after implantation showed significant residual shunt in all patients; however, no shunt flow was observed in seven patients and minimal residual shunt was present in four one year after the procedure. Nine of 11 umbrellas demonstrated fracture of the stainless steel arm confirmed by chest radiography and cinefluorography. Arm fracture occurred between 1 week and 12 months after implantation. None of the devices were dislodged and no other complications were noted despite the fractures. Transcatheter closure of atrial septal defect is a feasible and useful procedure but the present device needs further modification. PMID:8158531

  4. Evaluation of morphological characteristics of septal rims affecting successful transcatheter atrial septal defect closure in children and adults

    OpenAIRE

    Oflaz, Mehmet Burhan; Pac, Feyza Aysenur; Kibar, Ayse Esin; Balli, Sevket; Ece, Ibrahim

    2013-01-01

    Introduction Determining other echocardiographic predictors along with the measured atrial septal defect (ASD) size and evaluating the closure together with these predictors would increase the chance of success for transcatheter closure of ASD. Aim To evaluate echocardiographic parameters affecting defect closure in children and adult patients with secundum ASD. Material and methods In all patients, size of ASD, total length of atrial septum (TS), superior-posterior, inferior-posterior, super...

  5. Balloon Occlusive Diameter of Non-Circular Atrial Septal Defects in Transcatheter Closure with Amplatzer Septal Occluder

    OpenAIRE

    Kim, Kwang Hoon; Song, Jinyoung; Kang, I-Seok; Chang, Sung-A; Huh, June; Park, Seung Woo

    2013-01-01

    Background and Objectives The aim of this study was to investigate the balloon occlusive diameter (BOD) of non-circular defects in the transcatheter closure of atrial septal defect (ASD). Subjects and Methods A total of 67 patients who had undergone transcatheter closure of an ASD were reviewed retrospectively. A non-circular defect was defined as the ratio of the short diameter to the long diameter of the defect on the en-face image less than 0.75. The BOD was compared with the long diameter...

  6. MORTAL PULPOTOMY ON CHILDREN WITH VENTRICULAR SEPTAL DEFECT

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    Devi N. R. Devy

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available Congenital heart disease is a condition of heart anomaly found since birth. The most common is ventricular septal defect whereby an aperture is found in the partition of heart chamber. It is estimated that 40,000 newborn in Indonesia have this defective condition. Dental treatment for patients with such condition must be undertaken in a very cautious way. Tooth with multiple caries can potentially lead to endocarditis bacteria. As such, dentist must be watchful on dental treatment that may worsen the patient’s condition. To prevent endocarditis bacteria, a prophylaxis antibiotic is required as recommended by the American Heart Association (AHA. In this particular case, a dental treatment was undertaken to a child patient with congenital heart disease. Previously, the patient has undergone dental treatment in the form of multiple extractions under general anesthesia before conducting cardiac surgery. In this case the treatment includes mortal pulpotomy, GIC restoration, and fissure sealant – all conducted in one visit under general anesthesia. A year after the treatment, there are no complaints from the patient and no irregularity on x-ray results.

  7. RESIDUAL DEFECTS AFTER SURGICAL REPAIR OF VENTRICULAR SEPTAL DEFECTS IN CHILDREN:

    OpenAIRE

    K Sayadpour-Zanjani; M Y Aarabi-Moghadam

    2008-01-01

    "nResidual ventricular septal defects (VSD) are major complications after cardiac surgery. We studied the incidence of this complication, risk factors for its occurrence and short-term follow-up in 179 pediatric patients that underwent surgical closure of VSD from April 2003 until May 2004. All data were gathered retrospectively except measurements of shunt ratio. Studied risk factors included age, sex, weight, height, ejection fraction, VSD size, presence of pulmonary stenosis (PS), res...

  8. Ventricular Septal Defect Spontaneous Close Induced by Transcatheter: A Case Report

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Qilian Xie; Jun Wang; Lei Gao; Zhen Wang; Milin Zhang; Kunshen Liu

    2007-01-01

    Congenital ventricular septal defect (VSD) spontaneous close induced by transcatheter treatment is rare and has not yet been reported.We report on one case of VSD spontaneous close induced by transcatheter treatment in a 10 years old girl.

  9. Left Anterolateral Thoracotomy for Simultaneous Correction of Ventricular Septal Defect and Coarctation of the Aorta

    OpenAIRE

    Chu, Shu-Hsun; Chou, Nai-Kuan; Chou, Tsai-Fwu; Wang, Shoei-Shen

    1994-01-01

    Three patients with ventricular septal defect and coarctation of the aorta were treated successfully by simultaneous correction of both anomalies through a single incision via a left transsternal anterolateral thoracotomy. (Texas Heart Institute Journal 1994; 21:158-60)

  10. Classification of Atrial Septal Defect and Ventricular Septal Defect with Documented Hemodynamic Parameters via Cardiac Catheterization by Genetic Algorithms and Multi-Layered Artificial Neural Network

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mustafa Yıldız

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: We aimed to develop a classification method to discriminate ventricular septal defect and atrial septal defect by using severalhemodynamic parameters.Patients and Methods: Forty three patients (30 atrial septal defect, 13 ventricular septal defect; 26 female, 17 male with documentedhemodynamic parameters via cardiac catheterization are included to study. Such parameters as blood pressure values of different areas,gender, age and Qp/Qs ratios are used for classification. Parameters, we used in classification are determined by divergence analysismethod. Those parameters are; i pulmonary artery diastolic pressure, ii Qp/Qs ratio, iii right atrium pressure, iv age, v pulmonary arterysystolic pressure, vi left ventricular sistolic pressure, vii aorta mean pressure, viii left ventricular diastolic pressure, ix aorta diastolicpressure, x aorta systolic pressure. Those parameters detected from our study population, are uploaded to multi-layered artificial neuralnetwork and the network was trained by genetic algorithm.Results: Trained cluster consists of 14 factors (7 atrial septal defect and 7 ventricular septal defect. Overall success ratio is 79.2%, andwith a proper instruction of artificial neural network this ratio increases up to 89%.Conclusion: Parameters, belonging to artificial neural network, which are needed to be detected by the investigator in classical methods,can easily be detected with the help of genetic algorithms. During the instruction of artificial neural network by genetic algorithms, boththe topology of network and factors of network can be determined. During the test stage, elements, not included in instruction cluster, areassumed as in test cluster, and as a result of this study, we observed that multi-layered artificial neural network can be instructed properly,and neural network is a successful method for aimed classification.

  11. Device Closure of Small Ventricular Septal Defects: When and Why?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    IB Vijayalakshmi

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Ventricular septal defect (VSD accounts for approximately 20-30 % of all forms of congenital heart disease (CHD. They were traditionally closed surgically in the past. The surgery though safe carries the risk of morbidity, complete heart block, wound infection and thoracotomy scar on the chest. On weighing the risk and benefit, the small VSDs were not submitted to surgery in the past. So for many years it has been taught that the small VSDs are to be left alone and surgery is not recommended. Many clinicians believed in spontaneous closure of VSDs. Hence they advised the parents to wait for spontaneous closure till the child is 9 years old. But what if the VSD does not close by 10 years is the question. Are they normal as grown up congenital heart (GUCH. The Jane Somerville GUCH unit showed that spontaneous closure occurred only in 10% between the age of 17 and 45 (mean - 27 years in small VSDs in adults. What is worth noting is about 25% had serious complications: infective endocarditis (11%, progressive aortic regurgitation (5%, age-related symptomatic arrhythmias (8.5% like atrial fibrillation. This means that asymptomatic small VSDs in childhood is not necessarily benign during adult life. This raises the question, when we have a safe non-surgical device closure available to close the small VSDs, should we put the future lives of the young in danger by not giving the benefit of technology to them?

  12. Percutaneous closure of a post-traumatic ventricular septal defect with a patent ductus arteriosus occluder

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Er-Ping Xi

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: Ventricular septal defects resulting from post-traumatic cardiac injury are very rare. Percutaneous closure has emerged as a method for treating this disorder. We wish to report our experience in three patients who underwent percutaneous closure of a post-traumatic ventricular septal defect with a patent ductus arteriosus occluder. METHODS: We treated three patients with post-traumatic ventricular septal defects caused by stab wounds with knives. After the heart wound was repaired, patient examinations revealed ventricular septal defects with pulmonary/systemic flow ratios (Qp/Qs of over 1.7. The post-traumatic ventricular septal defects were closed percutaneously with a patent ductus arteriosus occluder (Lifetech Scientific (Shenzhen Co., LTD, Guangdong, China utilizing standard techniques. RESULTS: Post-operative transthoracic echocardiography revealed no residual left-to-right shunt and indicated normal ventricular function. In addition, 320-slice computerized tomography showed that the occluder was well placed and exhibited normal morphology. CONCLUSION: Our experiences indicate that closure of a post-traumatic ventricular septal defect using a patent ductus arteriosus occluder is feasible, safe, and effective.

  13. Percutaneous Interventional Treatment of Atrial Septal Defect Secundum in Macedonia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivan Milev

    2014-03-01

    Conclusion: In conclusion, the implantation of a septal occluder was found to be a safe procedure that resulted in improved hemodynamic parameters that result from right ventricular volume overload with favorable short- and mid-term results.

  14. Complete Atrioventricular Septal Defect and Pulmonary Stenosis Diagnosed in a 49-Year-Old Woman after 10 Uneventful Births

    OpenAIRE

    Altin, Firat H.; Yildiz, Okan; Karacalilar, Mehmet; Tosun, Oyku; Kocyigit, Ozgen Ilgaz; Erek, Ersin

    2015-01-01

    Atrioventricular septal defects constitute 4% of all congenital cardiac malformations. Patients with complete atrioventricular septal defect rarely survive for decades without surgical treatment. Pulmonary stenosis can provide a delicate balance between the pulmonary and systemic circulations and thereby increase longevity. We present the case of a 49-year-old woman whose complete atrioventricular septal defect and associated pulmonary stenosis were diagnosed only after she had given birth to...

  15. Dexmedetomidine sedation for transesophageal echocardiography during percutaneous atrial septal defect closure in adult

    OpenAIRE

    Jung, Jae Wook; Cheol Go, Gwang; Jeon, Sang Yoon; Bang, Sira; LEE, Ki Hwa; Kim, Yong Han; Kim, Dong-Kie

    2013-01-01

    Atrial septal defect (ASD) is second common congenital heart disease that often leads to adult period. Intracardiac or transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) is essential for percutaneous closure of ASD using Amplatzer septal occluder. Dexmedetomidine (DEX), which is a highly selective α2-agonist, has sedative and analgesic properties without respiratory depression in the clinical dose range. We report percutaneous closure of ASD with TEE under DEX sedation.

  16. Dexmedetomidine sedation for transesophageal echocardiography during percutaneous atrial septal defect closure in adult.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jung, Jae Wook; Cheol Go, Gwang; Jeon, Sang Yoon; Bang, Sira; Lee, Ki Hwa; Kim, Yong Han; Kim, Dong-Kie

    2013-11-01

    Atrial septal defect (ASD) is second common congenital heart disease that often leads to adult period. Intracardiac or transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) is essential for percutaneous closure of ASD using Amplatzer septal occluder. Dexmedetomidine (DEX), which is a highly selective α2-agonist, has sedative and analgesic properties without respiratory depression in the clinical dose range. We report percutaneous closure of ASD with TEE under DEX sedation. PMID:24550975

  17. Routine preoperative cardiac catheterization necessary before repair of secundum and sinus venosus atrial septal defects

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Between January 1976 and July 1983, 217 patients with atrial septal defect underwent surgical repair at Children's Hospital. Thirty with a primum atrial septal defect and 26 who underwent cardiac catheterization elsewhere before being seen were excluded from analysis. Of the 161 remaining patients, 52 (31%) underwent preoperative cardiac catheterization, 38 because the physical examination was considered atypical for a secundum atrial septal defect and 14 because of a preexisting routine indication. One hundred nine (69%) underwent surgery without catheterization, with the attending cardiologist relying on clinical examination alone in 5, additional technetium radionuclide angiocardiography in 5, M-mode echocardiography in 13 and two-dimensional echocardiography in 43; both M-mode echocardiography and radionuclide angiography were performed in 24 and two-dimensional echocardiography and radionuclide angiography in 19. Since 1976, there has been a trend toward a reduction in the use of catheterization and use of one rather than two noninvasive or semiinvasive techniques for the detection of atrial defects. Of the 52 patients who underwent catheterization, the correct anatomic diagnosis was made before catheterization in 47 (90%). Two patients with a sinus venosus defect and one each with a sinus venosus defect plus partial anomalous pulmonary venous connection, partial anomalous pulmonary venous connection without an atrial septal defect and a sinoseptal defect were missed. Of 109 patients without catheterization, a correct morphologic diagnosis was made before surgery in 92 (84%). Nine patients with a sinus venosus defect, three with sinus venous defect and partial anomolous pulmonary venous connection, four with partial anomalous pulmonary venous return without an atrial septal defect and one with a secundum defect were incorrectly diagnosed.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

  18. Percutaneous repair of post-myocardial infarction ventricular septal defect: current approaches and future perspectives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baldasare, Maria D; Polyakov, Mark; Laub, Glenn W; Costic, Joseph T; McCormick, Daniel J; Goldberg, Sheldon

    2014-12-01

    Post-myocardial infarction ventricular septal defect is a devastating complication of ST-elevation myocardial infarction. Although surgical intervention is considered the gold standard for treatment, it carries high morbidity and mortality rates. We present 2 cases that illustrate the application of percutaneous closure of a post-myocardial infarction ventricular septal defect: the first in a patient who had undergone prior surgical closure and then developed a new shunt, and the second as a bridge to definitive surgery in a critically ill patient. PMID:25593526

  19. Unexpected difficulty during transcatheter device closure of atrial septal defect associated with right aortic arch

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Right aortic arch (RAA) associated with isolated atrial septal defect (ASD) is very rare. We report successful closure of ASD associated with RAA using a 26-mm atrial septal occluder in a 30-year-old male patient. The impingement of right descending aorta in RAA caused malposition of the device in the left atrium. Deployment of the device through the right upper pulmonary vein successfully closed the defect. Follow-up evaluation by computerized tomography scan and echocardiogram showed no pulmonary venous obstruction

  20. Is it worth closing the atrial septal defect in patients with insignificant shunt?

    OpenAIRE

    Komar, Monika; Przewłocki, Tadeusz; Olszowska, Maria; Sobień, Bartosz; Tomkiewicz-Pająk, Lidia; Podolec, Piotr

    2014-01-01

    Introduction Closure of the atrial septal defect in patients with insignificant shunt is controversial. Aim To evaluate the outcomes of transcatheter closure of atrial septal defect (ASD) in symptomatic patients with borderline shunt. Material and methods One hundred and sixty patients (120 female, 40 male) with a mean age of 30.1 ±16.2 (20–52) years with a small ASD who underwent transcatheter closure were analyzed. All patients had a small ASD with Qp: Qs ratio ≤ 1.5, mean 1.2 ±0.9 (1.1–1.5...

  1. Determinants and importance of atrial pressure morphology in atrial septal defect.

    OpenAIRE

    Parikh, D N; J. Fisher; Moses, J W; Goldberg, H.L.; Levin, A. R.; Engle, M. A.; Borer, J S

    1984-01-01

    A prominent "v" wave relative to the "a" wave in the jugular vein and right atrial pressure tracing is considered to be a common haemodynamic sign of atrial septal defect. Since the prevalence, age relation, and haemodynamic determinants of the "v" greater than or equal to "a" wave configuration have not been studied the pressure recordings from 15 adults and 80 children with an isolated secundum atrial septal defect in sinus rhythm and from 40 adults and 55 children in sinus rhythm without s...

  2. Short- and Mid-term Results of Atrial Septal Defect and Patent Foramen Ovale Occlusion with Starway Septal Occluder Device

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J Kojuri

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Background: With a prevalence of almost 7% of all congenital heart diseases, atrial septal defect (ASD is a common condition. Patent foramen ovale (PFO is also a congenital heart disease which is frequently sustained into adulthood. Objectives: To study the feasibility of closure of ASD and PFU by Starway septal occluder device and the incidence of its inherent complications and procedural failure in 62 patients referred to our center. Methods: Starway septal occluder device was used for closure of ASD and PFO in 62 patients. After left and right heart catheterization, transesophageal echocardiography-guided closure was done for the patients with immediate recording of the results. Patients were followed for 6 months by transesophageal echocardiography for observing short- and mid-term complications. Results: The 62 studied patients were categorized into 2 groups. Group 1 included 31 patients (64% females with ASD (mean±SD age: 26.7±7.6 years. Group 2 consisted of 31 patients (35.6% females with PFO (mean±SD age: 53.5±12.4 years. Size of the right ventricle (RV annulus was significantly (P=0.005 decreased after the intervention in the ASD group. Overall 5 (8% patients developed post-intervention complications (transient ischemic attack, leg edema, and residual shunt and procedural failure—4 (13% in ASD group and 1 (3% in PFO group. None of the patients developed device-related thrombosis, significant arrhythmia, aortic regurgitation and pericardial effusion after intervention. Conclusion: Starway occluder device is effective and safe with very low short- and mid-term complication rates.

  3. Ventricular septal defect and double-chambered right ventricle in an alpaca.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poser, Helen; Dalla Pria, Angela; De Benedictis, Giulia M; Stelletta, Calogero; Berlanda, Michele; Guglielmini, Carlo

    2015-03-01

    A 20-month-old male alpaca was referred for evaluation of a cardiac murmur evident since birth. Echocardiography identified a ventricular septal defect (VSD) and a fibro-muscular band causing a stenosis of the right ventricular outflow tract. Right ventricular catheterization and selective angiography confirmed the diagnosis of VSD and double-chambered right ventricle with bidirectional shunting. PMID:25595611

  4. RESIDUAL DEFECTS AFTER SURGICAL REPAIR OF VENTRICULAR SEPTAL DEFECTS IN CHILDREN:

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K Sayadpour-Zanjani

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available "nResidual ventricular septal defects (VSD are major complications after cardiac surgery. We studied the incidence of this complication, risk factors for its occurrence and short-term follow-up in 179 pediatric patients that underwent surgical closure of VSD from April 2003 until May 2004. All data were gathered retrospectively except measurements of shunt ratio. Studied risk factors included age, sex, weight, height, ejection fraction, VSD size, presence of pulmonary stenosis (PS, responsible surgeon, use of patch material for closing VSD, mean degree of hypothermia, cardiopulmonary bypass and aortic cross-clamp times, hemorrhage, documented infection, and surgical approach for defect closure. The incidence of all residual VSDs was 56% and significant ones (i.e. with Qp/Qs > 1.5 22%. The only statistically significant risk factors were higher age, weigh and height of the patients. There was notable but statistically insignificant differences in residual shunt incidence among the patients of different surgeons and with the use of different patch materials. During the median follow-up period of 9.5 months, 35% of the residual defects were closed spontaneously. Six patients underwent catheterization, three of which were candidates of residual VSD closure. As residual VSD is a hemodynamically and psychologically important complication, we recommend VSD closure at lower age and the use of intraoperative epicardial or transesophageal echocardiography to minimize its occurrence.

  5. Association of TBX5 gene polymorphism with ventricular septal defect in the Chinese Han population

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Cai-xia; SHEN A-dong; LI Xiao-feng; JIAO Wei-wei; BAI Song; YUAN Feng; GUAN Xiao-lei; ZHANG Xin-gen; ZHANG Gui-rong; LI Zhong-zhi

    2009-01-01

    Background Congenital heart disease is a diverse group of diseases determined by genetic and environmental factors. Considerable research has been done on genes associated with development of the heart. A recent focus is the role of transcription factor TBX5 in the development of atria, left ventricle and conduction system. As part of a larger study, high density, single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) scanning was used to explore the relationship between TBX5 gene polymorphism and susceptibility to ventricular septal defect not associated with forelimb malformation in the Chinese Han population. Methods One hundred and ninety two paediatric patients with congenital ventricular septal defect and 192 matched healthy control subjects were studied. The haplotype reconstructions were calculated by PHASE2.0 software. Haploview software was used to 15erform linkage disequilibrium assessment and defining of haplotype blocks. The algorithm used for defining of blocks was the confidence interval method. Results The TBX5 gene region can be divided into 3 haplotype blocks of 27, 15 and 2 SNPs. Strong linkage disequilibrium exists within each block. SNP rs11067075 within the TBX5 gene had significant correlation with ventricular septal defect (P=0.0037) by single marker association analysis. In addition, a 20 kb haplotype composed of 27 SNPs correlated with ventricular septal defect (P=0.05, multiple loci regression analyses based on reconstructed haplotype blocks). Conclusions TBX5 is associated with the occurrence of ventricular septal defect and may be a predisposing gene to congenital heart disease in Hart Chinese. This finding has set a direction for further genetic and functional studies.

  6. Coronary sinus type atrial septal defect in a child with pulmonary atresia and Ebstein's anomaly.

    OpenAIRE

    Russell, G A; Stovin, P G

    1985-01-01

    At birth an infant was found to have an unusual series of abnormalities with a coronary sinus type atrial septal defect complicating pulmonary atresia with an intact ventricular septum and Ebstein's anomaly. The functionally important anomalies were diagnosed by echocardiography and cardiac catheterisation. The coronary sinus defect and Ebstein's anomaly were detected only at necropsy. Although only a single case, the features of this heart favour Bull's revised classification of pulmonary at...

  7. Transthoracic echocardiographic guidance during transcatheter closure of atrial septal defects in children and adults.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erdem, Abdullah; Sarıtas, Turkay; Zeybek, Cenap; Yucel, Ilker Kemal; Erol, Nurdan; Demır, Halil; Odemıs, Ender; Yalcın, Yalim; Celebı, Ahmet

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of transcatheter atrial septal defect (ASD) closure guided by transthoracic echocardiography (TTE). Since 2004, ASD closure was performed successfully in total 337 patients. Transthoracic echocardiography guidance was used in 206 patients (61.1%) (group 1). Closure was guided by transesophageal echocardiography under general anesthesia in patients with poor transthoracic acoustic windows, defects with aneurysmatic septum and/or multiple defects in 131 patients (38.9%) (group 2). The median age (9 vs. 16 years, P acoustic windows. Performing the procedure under TTE guidance significantly reduces procedure time and also provides increased patient's comfort. PMID:21833775

  8. Prolonged postoperative desaturation in a child with Down syndrome and atrial septal defect

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    Renu Sinha

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available We report prolonged desaturation in a child with Down syndrome (DS and atrial septal defect due to undiagnosed interstitial lung disease. An 18-month-old child with DS was scheduled for bilateral lens aspiration for cataract. The child had atrial septal defect and hypothyroidism. He also had delayed milestones and hypotonia with episodes of recurrent respiratory tract infection necessitating repeated hospitalization. Preoperative evaluation was unremarkable. General anaesthesia and controlled ventilation using proseal laryngeal mask airway was instituted. He had uneventful intraoperative period. In the postoperative period, the child had desaturation 1 hour after surgery on discontinuation of oxygen supplementation by face mask, which improved with oxygen therapy. Supplemental oxygen via face mask was continued and weaned off over several days. On further evaluation, the child was diagnosed as having interstitial lung disease. He improved and discharged from the hospital 15 days after the surgery with room air saturation of 90%.

  9. Successful Repair of Complete Atrio-ventricular Septal Defect at the Beginning of the Second Decade

    OpenAIRE

    Ashfaq, Awais; Shah, Nilay; Siddiqui, Osama T.; Amanullah, Muhammad M.

    2013-01-01

    Complete atrio-ventricular septal defects (CAVSD) are present in about 3% of children born with congenital heart pathologies. They usually require early surgical correction, mostly in infancy, and surgery is considered to be the gold standard. It is unlikely that anyone would survive beyond the first years without severe morbidity. However, we report a case of a Pakistani girl who underwent successful surgical repair of CAVSD at the age of 11.

  10. The role of cardiac MRI in the diagnosis and management of sinus venosus atrial septal defect

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    Madhusudan Ganigara

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Sinus venosus atrial septal defects (SV-ASDs are inter-atrial communications caused by a deficiency of the common wall between the superior or inferior vena cava and the right-sided pulmonary veins. The diagnosis can be challenging, especially in adults with delayed presentation. We present images that illustrate an example of the role of cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMRI in the diagnosis and follow-up of a patient with SV-ASD.

  11. Successful device closure of a post-infarction ventricular septal defect

    OpenAIRE

    Jin, Seon Ah

    2016-01-01

    Si-Wan Choi,* Ji Hye Han,* Seon-Ah Jin, Mijoo Kim, Jae-Hwan Lee, Jin-Ok Jeong Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Chungnam National University Hospital, Chungnam National University School of Medicine, Daejeon, Republic of Korea *These authors contributed equally to this work Abstract: Ventricular septal defect (VSD) is a lethal complication of myocardial infarction. The event occurs 2–8 days after an infarction and patients should undergo emergency surgical ...

  12. Successful device closure of a post-infarction ventricular septal defect

    OpenAIRE

    Choi SW; Han JH; Jin SA; Kim M; Lee JH; Jeong JO

    2016-01-01

    Si-Wan Choi,* Ji Hye Han,* Seon-Ah Jin, Mijoo Kim, Jae-Hwan Lee, Jin-Ok Jeong Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Chungnam National University Hospital, Chungnam National University School of Medicine, Daejeon, Republic of Korea *These authors contributed equally to this work Abstract: Ventricular septal defect (VSD) is a lethal complication of myocardial infarction. The event occurs 2–8 days after an infarction and patients should undergo emergency surgical treatmen...

  13. Free Wall Rupture and Ventricular Septal Defect Post Acute Anterior Myocardial Infarction

    OpenAIRE

    Mohammad Sahebjam; Ali Mohammad Haji Zeinali; Maryam Semnani; Seyed Hesameddin Abbasi; Shahla Majidi; Mahmood Shirzad; Naghmeh Moshtaghi; Seyed Ebrahim Kassaian; Kyomars Abbasi; Hakimeh Sadeghian

    2007-01-01

    Myocardial free wall rupture is a catastrophic complication of acute myocardial infarction, and prognosis will depend on the prompt diagnosis by echocardiography, extension of infarct size, and prompt surgical treatment. Free wall rupture concomitant with ventricular septal defect (VSD) may be more complicated for management. A case of a 69-year-old man with myocardial free wall rupture and VSD following acute anterior myocardial infarction is presented.

  14. Dilatation of the Great Arteries in an Infant with Marfan Syndrome and Ventricular Septal Defect

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. Rozendaal

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available We describe an infant presenting with contractures of the fingers, a large ventricular septal defect (VSD, and severe pulmonary artery dilatation. He had clinical and echocardiographic features of both neonatal or infantile Marfan syndrome (MFS and congenital contractural arachnodactyly. After surgical VSD closure, the aortic root developed progressive dilatation while the size of pulmonary artery returned to normal limits. Eventually the diagnosis of MFS was confirmed by DNA analysis.

  15. Hybrid Procedure for Pulmonary Atresia with Ventricular Septal Defect in a Low Birth Weight Neonate

    OpenAIRE

    Park, Ji Young; Seo, Dong-Man; Shin, Hong Ju; Kim, Soo-Jin; Son, Jae Sung

    2013-01-01

    Cardiac surgery in neonates with congenital heart disease has progressed dramatically in the past three decades. However, low-birth-weight neonates with congenital heart disease continue to challenge the intellectual and technical skills of healthcare professionals. We present a case of a low-birth-weight neonate with pulmonary atresia and a ventricular septal defect, in whom palliation was achieved with a right ventricular outflow tract stent using a hybrid procedure.

  16. The role of cardiac MRI in the diagnosis and management of sinus venosus atrial septal defect

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sinus venosus atrial septal defects (SV-ASDs) are inter-atrial communications caused by a deficiency of the common wall between the superior or inferior vena cava and the right-sided pulmonary veins. The diagnosis can be challenging, especially in adults with delayed presentation. We present images that illustrate an example of the role of cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMRI) in the diagnosis and follow-up of a patient with SV-ASD

  17. Percutaneous closure of congenital aortocaval fistula with a coexisting secundum atrial septal defect

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Loh, Poay Huan; Jensen, Tim; Søndergaard, Lars

    2012-01-01

    Congenital aortocaval fistula is a very rare anomaly. Clinically, it resembles conditions that cause left-to-right shunt of blood. We report a case of such anomaly in combination with a secundum atrial septal defect in a 13-month-old girl who presented with failure to thrive and exertional...... respiratory symptoms. The aortocaval fistula was occluded percutaneously using an Amplatzer® Duct Occluder....

  18. The effect of changing attitudes to Down's syndrome in the management of complete atrioventricular septal defects

    OpenAIRE

    Amark, K.; Sunnegardh, J

    1999-01-01

    OBJECTIVES—To describe the evaluation, decision making, and care of children with a complete atrioventricular septal defect (CAVSD).
STUDY DESIGN—Retrospective study of 136 consecutive cases from 1970 to 1996.
RESULTS—A total of 115 (85%) children had Down's syndrome. Denial of surgery without obvious medical reasons was more common in the early years, as was parental refusal of offered surgery and institutional care of the children. Improved results in later years encour...

  19. EPIDURAL ANESTHESIA FOR CESAREAN SECTION IN ATRIAL SEPTAL DEFECT WITH PULMONARY HYPERTENSION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rashmi

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Pregnant patients with atrial septal defect (ASD with pulmonary hypertension , occasionally present for anaesthesia . These patients are considered high risk for anaesthesia due to increased chances of per i operative cardiovascular complications . Anaesthesia requires intensive cardiovascular mo nitoring and maintenance of stable pulmonary and systemic haemodynamics . Here is a case of second gravida for LSCS which was managed under epidural anaesthesia successfully

  20. Simultaneous Removal of Right Lung Hydatid Cyst and Repair of Atrial Septal Defect in a Single Session.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tong, Guang; Lin, Xi; Ma, Tao; Wang, Xiaowu; Zhang, Weida

    2016-01-01

    Hydatid cyst is the larval stage of echinococcosis caused by the canine tapeworm Echinococcus species, and the lung is the most common site of occurrence. Atrial septal defect is a common congenital heart disease with an incidence of 100 per 100,000 live births. To our knowledge, we report for the first time a case of coexistence of right lung hydatid cyst and atrial septal defect that were both treated with one-stage surgery. PMID:26694269

  1. Measurement of Atrial Septal Defect Size: A Comparative Study between Transesophageal Echocardiography and Balloon Occlusive Diameter Method

    OpenAIRE

    Bahareh Eslami; Masoumeh Lotfi-Tokaldany; Mohammad Alidoosti; Seyed Ebrahim Kassaian; Arezou Zoroufian; Elham Hakki; Mohammad Sahebjam; Mahmood Sheikhfathollahi; Alimohammad Hajizeinali; Hakimeh Sadeghian

    2010-01-01

    Background: Transcatheter closure of atrial septal defect secundum (ASD-II) has become an alternative method for surgery. We sought to compare the two-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) method for measuring atrial septal defect with balloon occlusive diameter (BOD) in transcatheter ASD-II closure. Methods: A total of 39 patients (71.1% female, mean age: 35.31 ± 15.37 years) who underwent successful transcatheter closure of ASD-II between November 2005 and July 2008 were enroll...

  2. Transcatheter Closure of Atrial Septal Defect with Amplatzer Septal Occluder in Adults: Immediate, Short, and Intermediate-Term Results

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Majid Dehghani

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Background: The transcatheter closure of the atrial septal defect (ASD has become an alternative technique to surgical procedures. The aim of this study was to assess the immediate, short, and intermediate-term results of the transcatheter closure of the secundum ASD with the Amplatzer Septal Occluder (ASO in adult Iranian patients.Methods: Between December 2004 and July 2008, the transcatheter closure of the ASD using the ASO was attempted in 58consecutive, adult patients. The mean age of the patients was 37.1 ± 12.7 years (range = 19 - 75 years.All the procedures were performed under local anesthesia with transthoracic or transesophageal echocardiography and fluoroscopic guidance. The stretched diameter of the ASD was determined with a balloon sizing catheter, and device selection was based on and matched to the stretched diameter of the septal defect.Transthoracic echocardiography was performed immediately after the release of the device and before discharge.Further follow-up at one month, six months, and yearly thereafter included physical examination, electrocardiography, andtransthoracic echocardiography.Results: The mean ASD diameter, as measured by esophageal echocardiography, was 24.8 ± 5.4 mm (range = 13 - 34 mm.The mean stretched diameter, as measured by the balloon catheter, was 27.1 ± 6.4 mm (range = 12.5 - 39 mm. Deploymentof the ASO was successful in 52 (89.6% patients and failed in 6 (10.4%. Four patients experienced severe complications,1 had tamponade requiring drainage, 2 had device embolization to the left atrium and right ventricular outflow tract, and 1 had late wire fracture (surgical removal and repair of the ASD. The position of two large devices (34 mm and 36 mm was considered unsuitable and unstable after implantation and resulted in the removal of these devices.Minor complications included transient complete atrioventricular block in 1 patient, paroxysmal supra tachycardia in 3 patients, atrial flutter in 1 patient

  3. Reliability of transthoracic echocardiography in estimating the size of Amplatzer septal occluder and guiding percutaneous closure of atrial septal defects

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Gui-shuang; KONG Guang-ming; JI Qiu-shang; LI Ji-fu; CHEN Yu-guo; YOU Bei-an; ZHANG Yun

    2008-01-01

    Background In China,transthoracic echocardiography(TTE)is popularly used for pre-intervention examination for atrial septal defect(ASD)and for guiding ASD closure.However,the ability to determine ASD size and the safety and efficacy of TTE for guiding ASD closure still has not been widely accepted This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of TTE used before,during and after transcatheter ASD closure with Amplatzer septal occluders(ASO).Methods Sixty-eight subjects(15 men and 53 women;mean age(33.7±17.3)years)were enrolled.TTE was used to measure the diameters and guide transcatheter closure of ASD.The ASD was examined by long-axis view,basal short-axis view,apical four-chamber view and the subcostal view to observe position.diameter and reIation with neighbouring structures.The largest diameter was selected as the reference diameter.Patients were divided into 3 groups according to the ASD reference diameter:22 subjects with ASD diameter 4-14 mm(group A):21 subjects with ASD diameter 15-20 mm(group B);and 25 subjects with ASD diameter 21-33 mm(group C).Results ASD was occluded successfully in groups A and B.In group C.occlusion failed in 2 cases;1 case remained with a 3-mm residual shunt sustained untiI 6-month follow-up.However,at 6-month follow-up,no case of thromboembolism,ASO dislocation or death occurred in the three groups.The diameter of ASD measured bv TTE could accurately predict the ASO size that could successfully occlude the ASD.especially in patients with ASD<20 mm.The ASD diameter measured by TTE correlated well with ASO size(r=0.925,P<0.001:r=0.976,P<0.001;r=0.929,P<0.001 respectively).Conclusions ASD diameter measured by TTE can accurately estimate the size of the ASO needed for successful closure of ASD.The larger the ASD,the much larger the ASo needed.TTE is a satisfactory guiding imaging tool for ASD closure.

  4. Double-chambered right ventricle, ventricular septal defect, patent ductus arteriosus in a dog

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A 4-month-old female mongrel puppy was presented with an anophthalmos. On physical examination, systolic murmur was heard at the 4th left intercostal space near the sternum. However the dog appeared healthy without cyanosis and had no history of exercise intolerance. The phonocardiogram revealed a pansystolic murmur and a continuous murmur on the mitral area. A systolic ejection murmur was also recorded on the pulmonic area. The electrocardiogram indicated bi-ventricular hypertrophy. Left ventricular enlargement was seen on chest radiographs. Ventricular septal defect (VSD) and patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) were diagnosed from these findings. PDA closure was performed at 2 years of age. After 2 months from the operation, the dog died during an attempted repair of the VSD. At necropsy, it was found that the double-chambered right ventricle (DCRV) was formed by an anomalous septal band. The VSD was localized on the proximal conus and was 8 mm in diameter. (author)

  5. Percutaneous ventricular septal defect closure with Amplatzer devices resulting in severe tricuspid regurgitation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matyal, Robina; Wang, Angela; Mahmood, Feroze

    2013-11-15

    While percutaneous intervention is an alternative for patients who are not surgical candidates, the rate of morbidity and mortality is comparable to open repair. Appending the reported complications associated with percutaneous intervention (device mal-positioning, dislodgement, and entrapment in the sub-valvular apparatus), we report mechanical damage to the tricuspid valve (TV). Percutaneous closure with an Amplatzer septal occluder device was attempted on three patients who developed a ventricular septal defects (VSD) after myocardial infarction. In all three cases, damage to the tricuspid leaflet was noted post-procedure. The accompanying severe tricuspid regurgitation led to right ventricular failure, even in the patients where the VSD was considered successfully occluded. Despite successful deployment of the Amplatzer device, complications with catheter manipulation may still arise. Damage to the TV can occur during percutaneous VSD closure with Amplatzer device. Periprocedure TEE monitoring can detect damage to the tricuspid leaflets. PMID:23553968

  6. Assessment of atrial septal defects in adults comparing cardiovascular magnetic resonance with transoesophageal echocardiography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brown Michael A

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Many adult patients with secundum-type atrial septal defects (ASDs are able to have these defects fixed percutaneously. Traditionally, this has involved an assessment of ASD size, geometry and atrial septal margins by transoesophageal echocardiography (TOE prior to percutaneous closure. This is a semi-invasive technique, and all of the information obtained could potentially be obtained by non-invasive cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR. We compared the assessment of ASDs in consecutive patients being considered for percutaneous ASD closure using CMR and TOE. Methods Consecutive patients with ASDs diagnosed on transthoracic echocardiography (TTE were invited to undergo both CMR and TOE. Assessment of atrial septal margins, maximal and minimal defect dimensions was performed with both techniques. Analyses between CMR and TOE were made using simple linear regression and Bland Altman Analyses. Results Total CMR scan time was 20 minutes, and comparable to the TOE examination time. A total of 20 patients (M:F = 5:15, mean age 42.8 years ± 15.7 were included in the analyses. There was an excellent agreement between CMR and TOE for estimation of maximum defect size (R = 0.87. The anterior inferior, anterior superior and posterior inferior margins could be assessed in all patients with CMR. The posterior superior margin could not be assessed in only one patient. Furthermore, in 1 patient in whom TOE was unable to be performed, CMR was used to successfully direct percutaneous ASD closure. Conclusions CMR agrees with TOE assessment of ASDs in the work-up for percutaneous closure. Potentially CMR could be used instead of TOE for this purpose.

  7. Iatrogenic intra-atrial macro-reenterant tachycardia following transcatheter closure of atrial septal defect treated by radiofrequency ablation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ibrahim Marai

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Percutaneous closure of an atrial septal defect (ASD has been established as a safe and effective alternative to surgical management. We describe a case of a 41-year-old patient in whom an Amplatzer septal occluder device was used to close a moderately large ASD and who subsequently developed incessant intra-atrial macro-reenterant tachycardia. The tachycardia was terminated by radiofrequency ablation guided by electroanatomical mapping.

  8. Radiation dosage accepted by children during interventional treatment for congenital ventricular septal defect

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To estimate the radiation dose to which children are exposed during cardiac catheterizations for the treatment of ventricular septal defect, to analyze the factors affecting the radiation dose and to find out the measures to decrease the radiation dose. Methods: From December 2008 to October 2009, transcatheter closure was performed in 30 children with perimembranous ventricular septal defect. During the procedure the radiation doses to the children were estimated by using thermoluminescent dosimetry (TLD). The TLD chips were calibrated before use and were attached in four measuring points,representing the radiation dose of the crystalline lens, the thyroid, the exposure field and the gonad. Results: The mean entrance dose of the crystalline lens,the thyroid,the exposure field and the gonad was (65.7 ± 48.8)μGy, (2618.2 ± 862.6)μGy, (3376.5 ± 838.4)μGy and (57.0 ± 59.4)μGy, respectively. The mean fluoroscopic time used for interventional procedure was (7.2 ± 3.0) minutes, and the mean angiographic exposures time was (6.1 ± 1.8) seconds. Conclusion: Transcatheter closure therapy for perimembranous ventricular septal defect is safe and effective. The exposure field is the region receiving the largest radiation dose, in the next place was the thyroid.Some more effective protections, such as smaller exposure field, strengthened protection of thyroid region, etc. should be taken in order to decrease the X-ray radiation dosage accepted by children as they are more sensitive to radiation exposure. (authors)

  9. The clinical application of Amplatzer duct occluder Ⅱ in treating perimembranous ventricular septal defects

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To discuss the feasibility of using Amplatzer duct occluder Ⅱ to treat perimembranous ventricular septal defects. Methods: Transcatheter closure by using Amplatzer duct occluder Ⅱ was carried out in two female infants with small perimembranous ventricular septal defect. One female infant was 3 years old. The echocardiogram showed that the diameter of VSD was 5.5 mm in left ventricle side and 2.3 mm in right ventricle side. The distance of the upper border of VSD to aortic valve was 4 mm. The other female infant was 2 years and 10 months old, the diameter of VSD was 7.8 mm in left ventricle side and 2.0 mm in right ventricle side. The distance between the upper border of VSD to aortic valve was 5.8 mm. Results: For one infant the 4 by 4 mm Amplatzer duct occluder Ⅱ and 5 F TorqVue low profile delivery catheter was employed, while for the other infant 3 by 4 mm Amplatzer duct occluder Ⅱ and 4 F delivery catheter was used. In accordance with the standard procedure the arteriovenous pathway was set up first, than the left shed and right shed were released in turn. After the operation, echocardiogram showed that there was no residual shunt and aortic regurgitation in occluded site, but mild atrioventricular regurgitation was seen in one infant. The electrocardiogram performed two days after procedure was normal. Conclusion: Transcatheter closure by using Amplatzer duct occluder Ⅱ is very effective for the treatment of small perimembranous ventricular septal defects in infants. This technique has some advantages such as the use of small delivery catheter, minimally-invasive to the vessels, etc. In a short-term after the operation no complications such as residual shunt, valve regurgitation, arrhythmia, etc. occur. (authors)

  10. Challenges in treatment of postinfarction ventricular septal defect and heart failure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mangovski Ljupčo

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Acquired ventricular septal defect (VSD is uncommon, but serious mechanical complication of acute myocardial infarction with poor outcome and high mortality rate in surgically or medically treated patients. Case report. We report a 58-year-old male patient admitted to our hospital six days following acute inferior myocardial infarction complicated by ventricular septal rupture with signs of heart failure. Coronary angiography revealed 3-vessel disease, with proximally occluded dominant right coronary artery. Transthoracic echo exam revealed aneurysm of a very thin inferior septum and the basal portion of the inferior left ventricular wall, with septal wall rupture. One of the VSD dimensions was 15 mm and left- to right shunt was calculated 2 : 1. Since the patient was at too high risk for surgical closure, transcatheter closure of VSD was chosen as a better option. Under short intravenous sedation, 24 mm Amplatzer device was implanted percutaneously with transesophageal echo guidance. The post-procedural result revealed a small residual shunt, but it was followed by significant improvement of the patient’s clinical status. A 24h Holter ECG monitoring did not show cardiac rhythm or conduction disturbances. Coronary angiography was repeated ten days following the procedure, after hemodynamic stabilization of the patient, with direct stenting of the circumflex artery and the intermediate artery. Ostial left descending artery lesion was left for further functional significance assessment. Conclusion: Percutaneous closure with a septal occluder device can be definitive primary treatment for anatomically suitable patients or it can serve as a bridge to surgical treatment.

  11. Secundum atrial septal defect in the adult. Clinical, haemodynamic and electrophysiological aspects.

    OpenAIRE

    Thilén, Ulf

    2009-01-01

    Atrial septal defect (ASD) is the most common congenital heart malformation diagnosed in adult life. In this thesis important clinical, haemodynamic and electrophysiological aspects of ASD in the adult are explored. The diagnostic accuracy of magnetic resonance velocity mapping (MRvm)in calculating the pulmonary/systemic flow ratio (QP/QS)was assessed (I). The mean and maximal error by MRvm was 1±1% and ≤4% respectively in the whole range of different QP/QS and repeatability showed a d...

  12. Completely endoscopic removal of a dislocated Amplatzer atrial septal defect closure device.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bonatti, Johannes; Bonaros, Nikolaos; Müller, Silvana; Bartel, Thomas

    2008-02-01

    Surgical treatment of residual shunts after transcatheter occlusion of atrial septal defect or patent foramen ovale is reported in approximately one to two percent of these percutaneous interventions. Minimally invasive surgery on the atrial septum is getting more and more common but little data is available on Amplatzer device explantation through limited access. No completely endoscopic device removal has been described previously. We report a case of a 57-year-old woman in whom an Amplatzer device was removed in a robotic totally endoscopic fashion through ports only using the daVinci telemanipulation system. PMID:17951273

  13. Associations Between ABCG2 Gene Polymorphisms and Isolated Septal Defects in a Han Chinese Population

    OpenAIRE

    Wang, Chuan; Xie, Liang; Li, Huaying; Li, Yifei; Mu, Dezhi; Zhou, Rong; Liu, Ruiqi; Zhou, Kaiyu; Hua, Yimin

    2014-01-01

    Breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP) in the placenta, encoded by the ABCG2 gene in humans, plays an essential role in regulating fetal exposure to toxicants and the maintenance of cellular folic acid homeostasis. This study aimed at exploring the associations between 421C>A and 34G>A polymorphisms within the ABCG2 gene of the children and isolated septal defects in a Han Chinese population. An age- and gender-matched case-control study involving 210 pairs was conducted. Genotyping of the A...

  14. Prenatal Isolated Ventricular Septal Defect May Not Be Associated with Trisomy 21

    OpenAIRE

    Ori Shen; Sari Lieberman; Benjamin Farber; Daniel Terner; Amnon Lahad; Ephrat Levy-Lahad

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this study was to examine if isolated fetal ventricular septal defect (VSD) is associated with trisomy 21. One hundred twenty six cases with prenatal VSD diagnosed by a pediatric cardiologist were reviewed. Cases with known risk factors for congenital heart disease, the presence of other major anomalies, soft signs for trisomy 21 or a positive screen test for trisomy 21 were excluded. Ninety two cases formed the study group. None of the cases in the study group had trisomy 21. The ...

  15. Single Centre Experience for Percutaneous Closure of Secundum Atrial Septal Defect

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ramazan Aydemir

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Atrial septal defect (ASD is the most common congenital heart disease in adults and constitutes 5-10% of all congenital heart disease. Primary surgical closure has been the standard approach for many years with high success rate. Transcatheter closure of ASD in selected patients has became the contemprorary practice that has the advantages of short hospital stay and relative ease of prosedure. In this article, we reported the results of percutaneous closure of ASD in our center.
Methods: Between 2009-2011, thirty-two patients (mean age 36±18 years and 24 females who had secundum type ASD which detected by transthoracic echocardiography (TTE and transesophageal echocardiography (TEE were included in this study. Twenty-nine (90,6% patients were closed percutaneously. Tree patients were referred for surgery because of failure of percutaneous closure. Amplatzer Septal Occluder was used in 25 (86,2% patients and Occlutech device was used in other patients. All procedures were performed under local anesthesia. All of the patients were examined with TTE before the procedure and, at the 1st, 3rd, 6th and 12th month follow-up visits.
Results: Pre-operative mean pulmonary artery pressure was 33,3±7,5 mmHg and mean pulmonary to systemic flow (Qp/Qs ratio was 2,9±1,1. Mean ASD diameter measured by TEE was 20,1±6,6 mm and mean streched diameter measured by balloon catheter was 22,1±5,9 mm. Mean device size 24±6 mm (range 12-36 mm. In the follow-up period no major complication was observed, but mild to moderate residual shunt flow was detected in two patients (% 6,8.
Conclusion: Percutaneous ASD closure has been performed with high success and low complication rates in patients with secundum atrial septal defect in our center.

  16. Robotic atrial septal defect repair and endoscopic treatment of atrial fibrillation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Argenziano, Michael; Williams, Mathew R

    2003-04-01

    Computer (robotic) enhancement has emerged as a facilitator of minimally invasive cardiac surgery and has been used to perform portions of intracardiac procedures via thoracotomy incisions. This report describes the use of the da Vinci surgical system in two totally endoscopic ("closed chest") cardiac operations: atrial septal defect closure and pulmonary vein isolation of atrial fibrillation. ASD closure: Fifteen patients underwent repair of a secundum-type atrial septal defect or patent foramen ovale by a totally endoscopic approach, utilizing the da Vinci robotic system. Cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) was achieved peripherally. Cardioplegia was administered via the distal port of the arterial cannula after endoballoon inflation. Via three port incisions in the right chest, the entire operation including pericardiotomy; bicaval occlusion; atriotomy; atrial septopexy; and atrial closure was performed by a surgeon seated at a computer console. A fourth 15 mm port was utilized for suction and suture passage by a patient-side assistant. In one case, a recurrent shunt was identified and repaired on POD 5. Median ICU length of stay (LOS) was 20 hours, and median hospital LOS was 4 days. Atrial fibrillation surgery: This report also describes the pathway that we have pursued in the development of a totally endoscopic operation for atrial fibrillation. Beginning with animal models, we tested various ablative energy sources; methods of ablation; and minimally invasive approaches. This work has led to the development of a variety of minimally invasive surgical approaches including a totally endoscopic, robotically assisted beating heart procedure for the treatment of atrial fibrillation. PMID:12838483

  17. Pulmonary stenosis development and reduction of pulmonary arterial hypertension in atrioventricular septal defect: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ninet Gérard

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract A 24-year-old patient was admitted for dyspnoea and syncope. He had a previous history of complete atrio-ventricular septal defect and trisomy 21. At the age of 6 months, in 1984, cardiac catheterization revealed a quasi-systemic pulmonary arterial hypertension with a bidirectional shunt corresponding to an Eisenmenger syndrome. Corrective cardiac surgery was not performed at this time because surgical risk was considered too high. Until the age of 20 years old, he showed few symptoms while under medical treatment. But since 2006, his functional status became worse with an increased dyspnoea, syncopes, and severe cyanosis. In these conditions, haemodynamic parameters have been re-evaluated in 2006 and 2008. They highlighted a late and progressive development of a valvular and infundibular pulmonary stenosis leading to a normalisation of pulmonary arterial pressures. At the age of 24 , the patient underwent corrective cardiac surgery which was successful. Late development of both infundibular and valvular pulmonary stenosis have not been described before in non operated congenital ventricular septal defects, but development of one or the other abnormality would be found in 8% of patients. The physiopathological mechanism of this obstruction is unclear. Nevertheless, in unoperated congenital cardiac shunt lesions, reversibility of severe pulmonary arterial hypertension should be reconidered and re-assessed during follow up.

  18. Eisenmenger syndrome in a patient with ventricular septal defect: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hari Babu Ramineni

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Eisenmenger Syndrome (ES represents Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension (PAH associated with Congenital Heart Defects (CHD. Although patients survive until their third or fourth decades of life, the symptoms include dyspnea, cyanosis, fatigue, dizziness, and syncope. In addition, cardiac arrhythmias, a late complication are causing sudden death in patients with ES. Treatment options have been limited; however, recent successes have been achieved with the use of therapies targeted against the pathophysiological pathways that underlie PAH. The dual endothelin receptor antagonist and prostacyclins demonstrated to improve hemodynamics of the patients. This is the case of a 16 year old young female with ventricular septal defect that was admitted with increasing shortness of breath and cyanosis with clubbing which are clinical features of Eisenmenger syndrome. She was medicated with Furosemide, Sildenafil which improved her functional status. [Int J Res Med Sci 2015; 3(1.000: 376-378

  19. Successful anesthetic management of a child with blepharophimosis syndrome and atrial septal defect for reconstructive ocular surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dalim Kumar Baidya

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Blepharophimosis syndrome is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by eyelid malformation, involvement of reproductive system and abnormal facial morphology leading to difficult airway. We report a rare association of blepharophimosis syndrome and atrial septal defect in a 10-year-old girl who came for reconstruction surgery of eyelid. The child had dyspnea on exertion. Atrial septal defect was identified preoperatively by clinical examination and echocardiography. Anesthesia management was complicated by failure in laryngeal mask airway placement and Cobra perilaryngeal airway was subsequently used.

  20. New Coaxial Transseptal Needle for Creation of Atrial Septal Defects in Adult Sheep

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objectives: To introduce a new transseptal (TS) needle assembled in our laboratory—the coaxial TS (CTS) needle—and describe our experience with it in creating experimental atrial septal defects (ASD) in adult sheep.BackgroundWith commercially available TS needles, we were not able to consistently perform TS puncture at the fossa ovalis in adult sheep.Material and MethodsTen adult sheep with a mean weight of 63.5 kg were used. The CTS needle consists of four components: a 9F Teflon catheter, a 14-gauge blunt curved-tip metal cannula, a 4F tapered catheter, and a 20-gauge open needle. A transjugular 5F pigtail catheter was used to display the septal anatomy by angiocardiography and was left in place to mark the level of the fossa ovalis. The septum was then probed by a transfemoral 5F curved-tip end-hole catheter. The CTS needle was aligned with the tip of the transjugular catheter, and the TS puncture was performed under fluoroscopic guidance. After documenting a left atrial position, a balloon angioplasty catheter was used for creation of the ASD. Results: A small patent foramen ovale was discovered by septal probing in one sheep. All sheep underwent successful TS punctures without complications. The ASD size ranged from 13 to 15 mm. In eight sheep, the ASD was in fossa ovalis. In the first two sheep where the needle was not well aligned with the marking catheter, the ASD was in the septum secundum. No damage to the atrial or other heart structures was found at necropsy. Conclusion: The CTS needle is a suitable needle for TS puncture and ASD creation in adult sheep. Proper alignment of the CTS needle with a catheter marking the fossa ovalis is essential for successful puncture.

  1. Off-Pump Repair of a Post Myocardial Infarction Ventricular Septal Defect

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Feridoun Sabzi

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Refractory cardiogenic shock meant that traditional patch repairs requiring cardiopulmonary bypass would be poorly tolerated and external sandwich closure of post myocardial ventricular septal defect (VSD appears to be simple and effective after initial myocardial infarction (MI. The three cases presented with a VSD after of acute MI with or without thrombolysed with streptokinase during patient admission. The general condition of the three patients was poor with pulmonary edema, low cardiac output and renal failure. The heart was approached through a median sternotomy. Off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting of the coronary artery lesion was done first using octopus and beating heart surgery method and latero - lateral septal plication was performed using sandwich technique. Low cardiac output managed with intra-aortic balloon pump in these patients accompanied with inotropic drugs. Post-operative transesophageal echocardiography revealed that VSD was closed completely in one patient and in two patients small residual VSD remained. More experience is required to ascertain whether this technique will become an accepted alternative to patch repairs.

  2. Potts shunt in a child with end-stage pulmonary hypertension after late repair of ventricular septal defect

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, Cecilie; Helvind, Morten; Jensen, Tim; Andersen, Henrik Ørbæk

    2013-01-01

    We report on a 10-year-old boy with medically refractory pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) and end-stage right heart failure after closure of a ventricular septal defect. The boy was a candidate for lung transplantation (LTX), but an alternative option was to create an Eisenmenger physiology...

  3. Virtual reality 3D echocardiography in the assessment of tricuspid valve function after surgical closure of ventricular septal defect

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    G. Bol-Raap (Goris); A.H.J. Koning (Anton); T.V. Scohy (Thierry); A.D.J. ten Harkel (Arend); F.J. Meijboom (Folkert); A.P. Kappetein (Arie Pieter); P.J. van der Spek (Peter); A.J.J.C. Bogers (Ad)

    2007-01-01

    textabstractBackground. This study was done to investigate the potential additional role of virtual reality, using three-dimensional (3D) echocardiographic holograms, in the postoperative assessment of tricuspid valve function after surgical closure of ventricular septal defect (VSD). Methods. 12 da

  4. Onychomycosis due to Candida parapsilosis in a Child with Ventricular Septal Defect: An Unusual Predisposition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hosuru Subramanya, Supram; Hamal, Deependra; Nayak, Niranjan; Gokhale, Shishir

    2016-01-01

    Candida parapsilosis is emerging as a potential pathogen for onychomycosis. A 4-year-old male child with perimembranous ventricular septal defect (VSD) was admitted with features of cystitis and was treated with broad spectrum antibiotics. Two weeks later, he developed yellowish discoloration of nails of both hands. The sloughed out nail, on microscopy, showed numerous yeast forms that were identified as Candida parapsilosis by both phenotypic and genotypic methods. Antifungal sensitivity testing of the isolate was performed by microbroth dilution method in accordance with CLSI guidelines. Patient was successfully treated with topical amphotericin B and oral fluconazole. Thus, one should have a high index of suspicion of C. parapsilosis onychomycosis, especially when the patient is in the paediatric age group, presenting with unusual predisposing condition like congenital heart disease, and is on broad spectrum antibiotics. PMID:27195165

  5. Onychomycosis due to Candida parapsilosis in a Child with Ventricular Septal Defect: An Unusual Predisposition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Supram Hosuru Subramanya

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Candida parapsilosis is emerging as a potential pathogen for onychomycosis. A 4-year-old male child with perimembranous ventricular septal defect (VSD was admitted with features of cystitis and was treated with broad spectrum antibiotics. Two weeks later, he developed yellowish discoloration of nails of both hands. The sloughed out nail, on microscopy, showed numerous yeast forms that were identified as Candida parapsilosis by both phenotypic and genotypic methods. Antifungal sensitivity testing of the isolate was performed by microbroth dilution method in accordance with CLSI guidelines. Patient was successfully treated with topical amphotericin B and oral fluconazole. Thus, one should have a high index of suspicion of C. parapsilosis onychomycosis, especially when the patient is in the paediatric age group, presenting with unusual predisposing condition like congenital heart disease, and is on broad spectrum antibiotics.

  6. Atrial septal defect: a coincidental finding on a screening medical.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elliott, Elizabeth J

    2015-06-01

    An otherwise fit, healthy medical practitioner who was a recreational diver underwent a medical assessment for a remote posting as an Antarctic Medical Practitioner at which a coincidental finding of an atrial septal defect (ASD) was made. ASDs can have health implications in extreme environments such as high altitude and is contraindicated in scuba diving. ASDs are common, being present in 1:1,500 live births and comprise 10% of all cardiac abnormalities. In this case, a percutaneous occlusive device was inserted under general anaesthetic with subsequent improvements in the practitioner's exercise capacity, return to diving and full employment, including Antarctic deployment, and right-sided heart remodelling 18 months post closure. PMID:26165535

  7. Prenatal Isolated Ventricular Septal Defect May Not Be Associated with Trisomy 21

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ori Shen

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to examine if isolated fetal ventricular septal defect (VSD is associated with trisomy 21. One hundred twenty six cases with prenatal VSD diagnosed by a pediatric cardiologist were reviewed. Cases with known risk factors for congenital heart disease, the presence of other major anomalies, soft signs for trisomy 21 or a positive screen test for trisomy 21 were excluded. Ninety two cases formed the study group. None of the cases in the study group had trisomy 21. The upper limit of prevalence for trisomy 21 in isolated VSD is 3%. When prenatal VSD is not associated with other major anomalies, soft markers for trisomy 21 or a positive nuchal translucency or biochemical screen, a decision whether to perform genetic amniocentesis should be individualized. The currently unknown association between isolated VSD and microdeletions and microduplications should be considered when discussing this option.

  8. Device closure in adults with atrial septal defect in Shiraz, a single center registry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ostovan, Mohammad Ali; Kojuri, Javad; Dehghani, Pooyan; Razazi, Vida; Moarref, Alireza

    2016-01-01

    Introduction: Successful closure of atrial septal defect (ASD) improves patients’ functional class and exercise capacity. In this study we evaluate the safety and feasibility of percutaneous device closure of ASDs. Methods: Two hundred fifty six patients with significant ASD according to our criteria were enrolled. The patients were treated using nitinol wire mesh transcatheter devices. Complications were followed for a median of 2.5 years. Results: Success rate was 98.4% with 3 unsuccessful cases and a mean hospital stay of 1.007 ± 0.0004 days. Complication rate was 7.42%. Size of the right ventricle (RV) annulus was significantly decreased 24 hours after intervention (P = 0.005). Conclusion: The present report demonstrates that transcatheter closure of ASD is safe and effective. PMID:27069566

  9. Echocardiographic diagnosis and necropsy findings of a congenital ventricular septal defect in a stranded harbor porpoise.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Szatmári, Viktor; Bunskoek, Paulien; Kuiken, Thijs; van den Berg, Annemarie; van Elk, Cornelis

    2016-03-30

    A live-stranded harbor porpoise Phocoena phocoena was found on the west coast of the Dutch island Texel (North Sea) and transported to a rehabilitation center for small cetaceans, where it underwent a veterinary health check. Cardiac auscultation revealed a systolic cardiac murmur with the point of maximal intensity in the right hemithorax with an intensity of IV out of VI. Transthoracic echocardiography revealed a congenital ventricular septal defect with left-to-right shunting. Because the left atrium was not dilated according to the reference range of canine left atrium to aortic ratio, the presence of congestive heart failure was considered very unlikely. Therefore, this congenital cardiac anomaly was thought to be a clinically non-relevant incidental finding and would not explain the weakness, coughing, anorexia, vomiting, and diarrhea. Because the animal was still unable to swim or eat by itself after 2 wk of supportive care, it was euthanized. Post-mortem examination confirmed the presence of a ventricular septal defect. The weight of the heart relative to the animal's length was greater than expected, using linear regression analysis on the lengths and cardiac weights of 71 other stranded wild harbor porpoises without macroscopic cardiac pathologic changes. This finding suggests that the left ventricle had an eccentric hypertrophy because of volume overload resulting from the intracardiac shunt. This is the first report of a congenital cardiac anomaly and its ante-mortem diagnosis in this species. Data presented for the other 71 harbor porpoises may provide reference values for this species. PMID:27025305

  10. Small Left Atrial Size Complicating Percutaneous Transcatheter Device Closure of Secundum Atrial Septal Defect with Conventional Approach

    OpenAIRE

    Ko, Hong Ki; Kang, So Yeon; Yu, Jeong Jin; Ko, Jae-Kon; Kim, Young-Hwue

    2015-01-01

    Background and Objectives Transcatheter device closure becomes the first option for treating secundum atrial septal defect (ASD), but the conventional method is sometimes unsuccessful even when the defect size indicates the closure to be feasible. To increase the success rate, modified methods have been introduced and used. This study aimed to find predictors for using the modified methods in the device closure of secundum ASDs. Subjects and Methods Between October 2010 and December 2012, 92 ...

  11. Maternal alcohol drinking pattern during pregnancy and the risk for an offspring with an isolated congenital heart defect and in particular a ventricular septal defect or an atrial septal defect

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Strandberg-Larsen, Katrine; Skov-Ettrup, Lise Skrubbeltrang; Grønbaek, Morten; Andersen, Anne-Marie Nybo; Olsen, Jørn; Tolstrup, Janne Schurmann

    2011-01-01

    alcohol. Few (if any) women with an excessive/abusive intake of alcohol were enrolled into the Danish National Birth Cohort. RESULTS: Through linkage with the National Hospital Discharge Registry, we identified 477 infants with a diagnosis of isolated congenital heart defect registered at any time during...... their first 3½-years of life; they included 198 infants with a VSD and 145 with an ASD. Neither the number of episodes of binge drinking nor binge drinking during three different developmental periods was associated with VSD or ASD. Women drinking ½-1½, 2, and 3+ drinks of alcohol per week had adjusted......BACKGROUND: This cohort study examines the possible association between maternal alcohol intake, including binge drinking, during pregnancy, and the subsequent risk of having a child with an isolated congenital heart defect and, more specifically, with the isolated form of ventricular septal defect...

  12. Imaging Techniques in Percutaneous Cardiac Structural Interventions: Atrial Septal Defect Closure and Left Atrial Appendage Occlusion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodríguez Fernández, Antonio; Bethencourt González, Armando

    2016-08-01

    Because of advances in cardiac structural interventional procedures, imaging techniques are playing an increasingly important role. Imaging studies show sufficient anatomic detail of the heart structure to achieve an excellent outcome in interventional procedures. Up to 98% of atrial septal defects at the ostium secundum can be closed successfully with a percutaneous procedure. Candidates for this type of procedure can be identified through a systematic assessment of atrial septum anatomy, locating and measuring the size and shape of all defects, their rims, and the degree and direction of shunting. Three dimensional echocardiography has significantly improved anatomic assessments and the end result itself. In the future, when combined with other imaging techniques such as cardiac computed tomography and fluoroscopy, 3-dimensional echocardiography will be particularly useful for procedure guidance. Percutaneous closure of the left atrial appendage offers an alternative for treating patients with atrial fibrillation and contraindication for oral anticoagulants. In the future, the clinical focus may well turn to stroke prevention in selected patients. Percutaneous closure is effective and safe; device implantation is successful in 94% to 99% of procedures. However, the procedure requires an experienced cardiac structural interventional team. At present, 3-dimensional echocardiography is the most appropriate imaging technique to assess anatomy suitability, select device type and size, guide the procedure alongside fluoroscopy, and to follow-up the patient afterwards. PMID:27354151

  13. Novel and functional DNA sequence variants within the GATA5 gene promoter in ventricular septal defects

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ji-Ping Shan; Xiao-Li Wang; Yuan-Gang Qiao; Hong-Xin Wan Yan; Wen-Hui Huang; Shu-Chao Pang; Bo Yan

    2014-01-01

    Background: Congenital heart disease (CHD) is the most common human birth defect. Genetic causes for CHD remain largely unknown. GATA transcription factor 5 (GATA 5) is an essential regulator for the heart development. Mutations in the GATA5 gene have been reported in patients with a variety of CHD. Since misregulation of gene expression have been associated with human diseases, we speculated that changed levels of cardiac transcription factors, GATA5, may mediate the development of CHD. Methods: In this study, GATA5 gene promoter was genetically and functionally analyzed in large cohorts of patients with ventricular septal defect (VSD) (n=343) and ethnic-matched healthy controls (n=348). Results: Two novel and heterozygous DNA sequence variants (DSVs), g.61051165A>G and g.61051463delC, were identified in three VSD patients, but not in the controls. In cultured cardiomyocytes, GATA5 gene promoter activities were significantly decreased by DSV g.61051165A>G and increased by DSV g.61051463delC. Moreover, fathers of the VSD patients carrying the same DSVs had reduced diastolic function of left ventricles. Three SNPs, g.61051279C>T (rs77067995), g.61051327A>C (rs145936691) and g.61051373G>A (rs80197101), and one novel heterozygous DSV, g.61051227C>T, were found in both VSD patients and controls with similar frequencies. Conclusion: Our data suggested that the DSVs in the GATA5 gene promoter may increase the susceptibility to the development of VSD as a risk factor.

  14. Home-made fenestrated amplatzer occluder for atrial septal defect and pulmonary arterial hypertension

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Fabio Dell'Avvocata; Gianluca Rigatelli; Paolo Cardaioli; Massimo Giordan

    2011-01-01

    We report the management of a patient with secundum atrial septal defect (ASD)and severe pulmonary hypertension.A 65-year-old male with recently diagnosed atrial serital defect was referred to our centre for decompensated right heart failure with rest and exercise induced dispnea and severe pulmonary hypertension.Right heart catheterization confirmed a mean pulmonary pressure of about 55 mmHg and a Qp/Qs of 2.7.An occlusion test with a compliant large balloon demonstrated partial fall of pulmonary arterial pressure.The implantation of a home-made fenestrated Amplatzer ASD Occluder (ASO) was planned in order to decrease lefttoright shunt and promote further decrease of pulmonary arterial pressure in the long-term.Thus,by means of mechanical intracardiac echocardiography study with a 9F 9 MHz Ultralce catheter(Boston Scientific Corp.),we selected a 34 mm ASO for implantation.Four millimeter fenestration was made inflating a 4 ntm non-compliant coronary balloon throughout the waist of the ASO,which was successfully implanted under intracardiac echocardiography.After six months,a decrease of pulmonary arterial pressure to 24 mmHg and full compensated right heart failure was observed on transthoracic echocardiography and clinical examination.This case suggests that transcatheter closure with home-made fenestrated ASD in elderly patients with severe pulmonary hypertension is feasible.

  15. Preoperative cardiac computed tomography for demonstration of congenital cardiac septal defect in adults

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We aimed to evaluate the role of preoperative cardiac computed tomography (CT) for adults with congenital cardiac septal defect (CSD). Sixty-five consecutive patients who underwent preoperative CT and surgery for CSD were included. The diagnostic accuracy of CT and the concordance rate of the subtype classification of CSD were evaluated using surgical findings as the reference standard. Sixty-five patients without CSD who underwent cardiac valve surgery were used as a control group. An incremental value of CT over echocardiography was described retrospectively. Sensitivity and specificity of CT for diagnosis of CSD were 95 % and 100 %, respectively. The concordance rate of subtype classification was 91 % in CT and 92 % in echocardiography. The maximum size of the defect measured by CT correlated well with surgical measurement (r = 0.82), and the limit of agreement was -0.9 ± 7.42 mm. In comparison with echocardiography, CT was able to detect combined abnormalities in three cases, and exclusively provided correct subtype classification or clarified suspected abnormal findings found on echocardiography in seven cases. Cardiac CT can accurately demonstrates CSD in preoperative adult patients. CT may have an incremental role in preoperative planning, particularly in those with more complex anatomy. (orig.)

  16. Preoperative cardiac computed tomography for demonstration of congenital cardiac septal defect in adults

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Eom, Hye-Joung; Yang, Dong Hyun; Kang, Joon-Won; Lim, Tae-Hwan [University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Department of Radiology and Research Institute of Radiology, Cardiac Imaging Center, Asan Medical Center, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Dae-Hee; Song, Jong-Min; Kang, Duk-Hyun; Song, Jae-Kwan [University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Department of Cardiology and Heart Institute, Cardiac Imaging Center, Asan Medical Center, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Joon Bum; Jung, Sung-Ho; Choo, Suk Jung; Chung, Cheol Hyun; Lee, Jae Won [University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Department of Cardiothoracic surgery, Cardiac Imaging Center, Asan Medical Center, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2015-06-01

    We aimed to evaluate the role of preoperative cardiac computed tomography (CT) for adults with congenital cardiac septal defect (CSD). Sixty-five consecutive patients who underwent preoperative CT and surgery for CSD were included. The diagnostic accuracy of CT and the concordance rate of the subtype classification of CSD were evaluated using surgical findings as the reference standard. Sixty-five patients without CSD who underwent cardiac valve surgery were used as a control group. An incremental value of CT over echocardiography was described retrospectively. Sensitivity and specificity of CT for diagnosis of CSD were 95 % and 100 %, respectively. The concordance rate of subtype classification was 91 % in CT and 92 % in echocardiography. The maximum size of the defect measured by CT correlated well with surgical measurement (r = 0.82), and the limit of agreement was -0.9 ± 7.42 mm. In comparison with echocardiography, CT was able to detect combined abnormalities in three cases, and exclusively provided correct subtype classification or clarified suspected abnormal findings found on echocardiography in seven cases. Cardiac CT can accurately demonstrates CSD in preoperative adult patients. CT may have an incremental role in preoperative planning, particularly in those with more complex anatomy. (orig.)

  17. Traumatic ventricular septal defect in a 4-year-old boy after blunt chest injury

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    Yun Mi Kim

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Traumatic ventricular septal defect (VSD resulting from blunt chest injury is a very rare event. The mechanisms of traumatic VSD have been of little concern to dateuntil now, but two dominant theories have been described. In one, the rupture occurs due to acute compression of the heart; in the other, it is due to myocardial infarction of the septum. The clinical symptoms and timing of presentation are variable, so appropriate diagnosis can be difficult or delayed. Closure of traumatic VSD has been based on a combination of heart failure symptoms, hemodynamics, and defect size. Here, we present a case of a 4-year-old boy who presented with a traumatic VSD following a car accident. He showed normal cardiac structure at the time of injury, but after 8 days, his repeated echocardiography revealed a VSD. He was successfully treated by surgical closure of the VSD, and has been doing well up to the present. This report suggests that the clinician should pay great close attention to the patients injured by blunt chest trauma, keeping in mind the possibility of cardiac injury.

  18. Transcatheter coil occluder for closure of ventricular septal defect (a report of 4 cases)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To explore the indication, methodology and complication of transcatheter coil closure of ventricular septal defect (VSD) in children. Methods: Transcatheter closure of perimembranous VSD with coils was performed in 4 cases from 2003 to 2005. The Duct-Occlude (pfm) and detachable coil (Cook) were chosen for embolization depending on the results of the left ventricular angiogram. The coil size was generally about 1-4 mm larger than the diameter of VSD. Follow up was carried out with echocardiography, ultrasound and clinical examination. Results: The defect diameters of the four cases were 2.0 mm, 2.7 mm, 2.5 mm and 1.5 mm respectively. The Duct-Occlude were successfully implanted in 3 cases of perimembranous VSD with the same type coil (OD[mm]7-3-6, windings 5-3-4) for each. One detachable coil (Cook) (5 x 5) was implanted in the remaining case. All cases had trivial residual shunt immediately after implantation which disappeared 24 hours later. Follow-up for 2 months to one year showed no coil displacement and secondary bacterial arteritis. No tricuspid and aortic regurgitation, no emboli, no endocarditis, and no arrhythmia were found. Conclusions: Coil closure of some small VSD with membranate part pseudo-ventricular aneurysm has good efficacy with the advantages of simple operation, less metal content and mini-invasion also applicable for infants. (authors)

  19. Novel and Functional DNA Sequence Variants within the GATA6 Gene Promoter in Ventricular Septal Defects

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    Chunyu Li

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Congenital heart disease (CHD is the most common birth defect in humans. Genetic causes and underlying molecular mechanisms for isolated CHD remain largely unknown. Studies have demonstrated that GATA transcription factor 6 (GATA6 plays an essential role in the heart development. Mutations in GATA6 gene have been associated with diverse types of CHD. As GATA6 functions in a dosage-dependent manner, we speculated that changed GATA6 levels, resulting from DNA sequence variants (DSVs within the gene regulatory regions, may mediate the CHD development. In the present study, GATA6 gene promoter was genetically and functionally analyzed in large groups of patients with ventricular septal defect (VSD (n = 359 and ethnic-matched healthy controls (n = 365. In total, 11 DSVs, including four SNPs, were identified in VSD patients and controls. Two novel and heterozygous DSVs, g.22169190A>T and g.22169311C>G, were identified in two VSD patients, but in none of controls. In cultured cardiomyocytes, the activities of the GATA6 gene promoter were significantly reduced by the DSVs g.22169190A>T and g.22169311C>G. Therefore, our findings suggested that the DSVs within the GATA6 gene promoter identified in VSD patients may change GATA6 levels, contributing to the VSD development as a risk factor.

  20. Compound heterozygous or homozygous truncating MYBPC3 mutations cause lethal cardiomyopathy with features of noncompaction and septal defects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wessels, Marja W; Herkert, Johanna C; Frohn-Mulder, Ingrid M; Dalinghaus, Michiel; van den Wijngaard, Arthur; de Krijger, Ronald R; Michels, Michelle; de Coo, Irenaeus FM; Hoedemaekers, Yvonne M; Dooijes, Dennis

    2015-01-01

    Familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is usually caused by autosomal dominant pathogenic mutations in genes encoding sarcomeric or sarcomere-associated cardiac muscle proteins. The disease mainly affects adults, although young children with severe HCM have also been reported. We describe four unrelated neonates with lethal cardiomyopathy, and performed molecular studies to identify the genetic defect. We also present a literature overview of reported patients with compound heterozygous or homozygous pathogenic MYBPC3 mutations and describe their clinical characteristics. All four children presented with feeding difficulties, failure to thrive, and dyspnea. They died from cardiac failure before age 13 weeks. Features of left ventricular noncompaction were diagnosed in three patients. In the fourth, hypertrabeculation was not a clear feature, but could not be excluded. All of them had septal defects. Two patients were compound heterozygotes for the pathogenic c.2373dup p.(Trp792fs) and c.2827C>T p.(Arg943*) mutations, and two were homozygous for the c.2373dup and c.2827C>T mutations. All patients with biallelic truncating pathogenic mutations in MYBPC3 reported so far (n=21) were diagnosed with severe cardiomyopathy and/or died within the first few months of life. In 62% (13/21), septal defects or a patent ductus arteriosus accompanied cardiomyopathy. In contrast to heterozygous pathogenic mutations, homozygous or compound heterozygous truncating pathogenic MYBPC3 mutations cause severe neonatal cardiomyopathy with features of left ventricular noncompaction and septal defects in approximately 60% of patients. PMID:25335496

  1. Guillain - Barre syndrome in a patient with acute myocardial infarction with ventricular septal defect repair treated with plasma exchange

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    Maitrey D Gajjar

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Guillain - Barre syndrome (GBS is an acute, frequently severe progressive illness of peripheral nervous system that is autoimmune in nature. GBS after myocardial infarction (MI with ventricular septal defect (VSD is uncommon with high mortality rate if not treated promptly. [1] We report a successful outcome of GBS post MI with VSD in a 60-year-old male patient who was on a ventilator treated successfully with therapeutic plasma exchange.

  2. Feasibility and Safety of Transthoracic Echocardiography-Guided Transcatheter Closure of Atrial Septal Defects with Deficient Superior-Anterior Rims

    OpenAIRE

    Gui-Shuang Li; Hai-De Li; Jie Yang; Wen-Quan Zhang; Zong-Shen Hou; Qing-Chen Li; Yun Zhang

    2012-01-01

    Although previous studies showed that transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) can be used to guide transcatheter closure of atrial septal defect (ASD), whether TTE can be used to guide transcatheter closure of secundum ASD with a deficient superior-anterior rim is unknown and this critical issue was addressed in the present study. A total of 280 patients with secundum ASD who underwent transcatheter ASD closure were recruited and divided into groups A and B depending on ASD superior-anterior rim...

  3. Pulmonary Root Translocation with the Lecompte Maneuver: For Transposition of the Great Arteries with Ventricular Septal Defect and Pulmonary Stenosis

    OpenAIRE

    Yoon, Dong Woog; Kim, Tae Ho; Shim, Man-shik; Jun, Tae-Gook; Jang, Jae Seok

    2015-01-01

    A five-month-old boy who had undergone previously transcatheter balloon atrioseptostomy at 3 days of age for complete transposition of the great arteries with ventricular septal defect and pulmonary stenosis underwent pulmonary root translocation with the Lecompte maneuver. This operation has the advantages of maintaining pulmonary valve function, preserving the capacity for growth, and avoiding problems inherent to the right ventricular to pulmonary artery conduit. This patient progressed we...

  4. Impaired exercise capacity following atrial septal defect closure: an invasive study of the right heart and pulmonary circulation

    OpenAIRE

    Santos, Mário; Systrom, David; Epstein, Stephen E.; John, Anitha; Ruiz, George; Landzberg, Michael J.; Opotowsky, Alexander R.

    2014-01-01

    Patients with early repair of an isolated atrial septal defect (ASD) are expected to have unremarkable right ventricular (RV) and pulmonary circulation physiology. Some studies, however, suggest persistent functional impairment. We aimed to examine the role of abnormal RV and pulmonary vascular response to exercise in patients who had undergone ASD closure. Using a previously published data set, we reviewed invasive exercise cardiopulmonary testing with right-sided hemodynamic data for 12 asy...

  5. Guillain — Barre syndrome in a patient with acute myocardial infarction with ventricular septal defect repair treated with plasma exchange

    OpenAIRE

    Gajjar, Maitrey D.; Nidhi M Bhatnagar; Nirav J Patel; Tarak Patel

    2015-01-01

    Guillain - Barre syndrome (GBS) is an acute, frequently severe progressive illness of peripheral nervous system that is autoimmune in nature. GBS after myocardial infarction (MI) with ventricular septal defect (VSD) is uncommon with high mortality rate if not treated promptly. [1] We report a successful outcome of GBS post MI with VSD in a 60-year-old male patient who was on a ventilator treated successfully with therapeutic plasma exchange.

  6. Peptidomic Analysis of Amniotic Fluid for Identification of Putative Bioactive Peptides in Ventricular Septal Defect

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    Xing Li

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Background: Ventricular septal defect (VSD is one of the most common congenital heart diseases and to date the role of peptides in human amniotic fluid in the pathogenesis of VSD have been rarely investigated. Methods: To gain insight into the mechanisms of protein and peptides in cardiovascular development, we constructed a comparative peptidomic profiling of human amniotic fluid between normal and VSD fetuses using a stable isobaric labeling strategy involving tandem mass tag reagents, followed by nano liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry. Results: We identified and quantified 692 non-redundant peptides, 183 of which were differentially expressed in the amniotic fluid of healthy and VSD fetuses; 69 peptides were up regulated and 114 peptides were down regulated. These peptides were imported into the Ingenuity Pathway Analysis (IPA and identified putative roles in cardiovascular system morphogenesis and cardiogenesis. Conclusion: We concluded that 35 peptides located within the functional domains of their precursor proteins could be candidate bioactive peptides for VSD. The identified peptide changes in amniotic fluid of VSD fetuses may advance our current understanding of congenital heart disease and these peptides may be involved in the etiology of VSD.

  7. Percutaneous closure of atrial septal defects leads to normalisation of atrial and ventricular volumes

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    Worthley Matthew I

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Percutaneous closure of atrial septal defects (ASDs should potentially reduce right heart volumes by removing left-to-right shunting. Due to ventricular interdependence, this may be associated with impaired left ventricular filling and potentially function. Furthermore, atrial changes post-ASD closure have been poorly understood and may be important for understanding risk of atrial arrhythmia post-ASD closure. Cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR is an accurate and reproducible imaging modality for the assessment of cardiac function and volumes. We assessed cardiac volumes pre- and post-percutaneous ASD closure using CMR. Methods Consecutive patients (n = 23 underwent CMR pre- and 6 months post-ASD closure. Steady state free precession cine CMR was performed using contiguous slices in both short and long axis views through the ASD. Data was collected for assessment of left and right atrial, ventricular end diastolic volumes (EDV and end systolic volumes (ESV. Data is presented as mean ± SD, volumes as mL, and paired t-testing performed between groups. Statistical significance was taken as p Results There was a significant reduction in right ventricular volumes at 6 months post-ASD closure (RVEDV: 208.7 ± 76.7 vs. 140.6 ± 60.4 mL, p Conclusion ASD closure leads to normalisation of ventricular volumes and also a reduction in right atrial volume. Further follow-up is required to assess how this predicts outcomes such as risk of atrial arrhythmias after such procedures.

  8. Impella-assisted transcatheter closure of an acute postinfarction ventricular septal defect.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ibebuogu, Uzoma Nwachukwu; Bolorunduro, Oluwaseyi; Hwang, Inyong

    2016-01-01

    This case report describes a 72-year-old woman who developed an acute postmyocardial infarction ventricular septal defect (VSD) with consequent cardiogenic shock. Intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) counter-pulsation was urgently initiated in the cardiac catheterisation laboratory, with neither clinical nor haemodynamic improvement, prompting immediate removal of the IABP and the insertion of an Impella 2.5 heart pump (AbioMed Inc; Danvers, Massachusetts, USA), a temporary ventricular assist device. Thereafter, the patient improved clinically and was admitted to the cardiovascular intensive care unit (ICU). While in the cardiovascular ICU, the patient developed worsening mechanical haemolysis of blood cells, stable but persistent cardiogenic shock and a transient ischaemic attack. A consensus decision was made to proceed with percutaneous repair of the VSD as she was deemed at high risk for surgical repair. She underwent successful percutaneous VSD repair on day 4 of hospitalisation, using a single 18 mm Amplatzer muscular VSD occluder (AGA Medical, Plymouth, Minnesota, USA) with trace residual flow across the occluder. Adequate systolic blood pressure and cardiac output was maintained postprocedure with the Impella 2.5 device. The patient, however, succumbed to multiorgan dysfunction occasioned by sepsis. PMID:27030453

  9. Evaluation of atrial, ventricular and atrioventricular septal defects by cine magnetic resonance imaging

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cine magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was performed on 20 patients (mean age: 5.3±4.4 years) with atrial, ventricular, or atrioventricular septal defects for evaluation of cardiac structure and blood flow. Prior to cine MRI, electrocardiographycally gated MRI using multislice scquisition was performed on all patients to localize optimal slice location. Cine-MRI was obtained with a 30 deg flip angle, 15 msec echo time, and 30 msec pulse repetition time, on a 256 x 256 or 128 x 128 acquisition matrix. Abnormalities of cardiac structure were well defined in all patients by gated cardiac imaging. In 18 of the 20 patients, cine-MRI was able to detect shunt flow, visualized as a low intensity signal in comparison with the surrounding blood flow. Cine-MRI can provide not only accurate anatomy of cardiac structures but functional assessment of the cardiac chamber, wall topology and flow relations. Cine-MRI will become an important noninvasive technique for assessment of anatomy and physiology in congenital heart disease. (author)

  10. The effect of residual ventricular septal defects on early clinical outcome: initial experience

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Residual ventricular septal defect (VSD)after repair of isolated VSD or Fallot's tetralogy is one of the main causes of morbidity and re-operations. In this paper we have presented the results of out initial experience regarding the management of this problem. The data consists of 71 patients (22 isolated VSD and 29 fallout's tetralogy) operate during January 1991 to July, 1993. The incidence of residual VSD as shown by color doppler study at the time of discharge from hospital and at three month's follow-up was 3 out of 60 patients(73%) and 12 out of to (20%) respectively. Six out of these 12 patients were NYHA class III-IV who underwent cardiac catheterization which revealed patch dehiscence in two patients and residual right ventricular outflow tract obstruction in four patients. The two patients, with patch dehiscence were reported successfully with very good outcome. Simple color doppler mapping tends to over-diagnose residual VSDs since it can pick up small haemodynamically insignificant leaks around stitches and needle holes which seal off in due course. The findings of color doppler should, therefore, be correlated with actual clinical outcome in order to proceed with further investigation and re-operation. (author)

  11. Surgical treatment of partial atrioventricular septal defect: functional analysis of the mitral valve in the postoperative period

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    Josué Viana Castro Neto

    2002-11-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To study mitral valve function in the postoperative period after correction of the partial form of atrioventricular septal defect. METHODS: Fifty patients underwent surgical correction of the partial form of atrioventricular septal defect. Their mean age was 11.8 years and 62% of the patients were males. Preoperative echocardiography showed moderate and severe mitral insufficiency in 44% of the patients. The mitral valve cleft was sutured in 45 (90% patients (group II - GII. Echocardiographies were performed in the early postoperative period, and 6 and 12 months after hospital discharge. RESULTS: The patients who had some type of arrhythmia in the postoperative period had ostium primum atrial septal defect of a larger size (2.74 x 2.08 cm. All 5 patients in group I (GI, who did not undergo closure of the cleft, had a competent mitral valve or mild mitral insufficiency in the preoperative period. One of these patients began to have moderate mitral insufficiency in the postoperative period. On the other hand, in GII, 88.8% and 82.2% of the patients had competent mitral valve or mild mitral insufficiency in the early and late postoperative periods, respectively. CONCLUSION: The mitral valve cleft was repaired in 90% of cases. Echocardiography revealed competent mitral valve or mild mitral insufficiency in 88.8% and 82.2% of GII patients in the early and late postoperative periods, respectively.

  12. Improvement of the Technique for Transcatheter Closure of Atrial Septal Defect in Children

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wang Huishen; Qian Mingyang; Zhang Zhiwei

    2005-01-01

    Objectives To improve experience of procedure and success rate of interventional treatment of atrial septal defect (ASD) in children, applying the technique of controlling release of devices in the pulmonary vein (controlling two disc of device opening for subsequence) in children cases with ASD who can not be occluded by regularly interventional treatment. Methods Since 2000 year 182 child cases (male 70 and 112 female) underwent the procedure of controlling release of devices in the pulmonary vein. The patients' age was from 2 to 14years old (average 3.77±1.55). The body weight was from 9 to 48 Kg (average 21.53±10.63). When the devices were placed on the right position with difficulty and failure in some cases with short and soft rims of the defect and large defect and the angle between the device and the interval atrial septal (IAS), It could be helpful to put the device into the left upper pulmonary vein, and to make right atrium (proximal) disc opened before the left atrium (distal) disc naturally fall down.At the end the double disc of the device clamped and stood up at the right position of the IAS. After closure of ASD, patients were followed up regularly by echocardiography, X-ray and ECG in the 1,3,6,12month and 3,5 years. Results The successful rate of device implantation in the improving group (98.4%)was obviously higher than that in the regularly group (68%). The techniques improved in this group with the smaller age, the lighter weight, the larger defect and the larger device comparing with the regularly group.The velocity of the pulmonary vein before occlusion procedure was (0.54±0.15)m/s; after procedure was (0.56±0.16)m/s, P > 0.05,there were no significant difference. All cases couldn't found pulmonary congestion by follow up. Conclusions The method of controlling release of device in the pulmonary vein has been used more than 5 years in the occlusion of ASD with double disc device. It is feasible and safety. The aim of the improvement is

  13. A HAND2 Loss-of-Function Mutation Causes Familial Ventricular Septal Defect and Pulmonary Stenosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Yu-Min; Wang, Jun; Qiu, Xing-Biao; Yuan, Fang; Li, Ruo-Gu; Xu, Ying-Jia; Qu, Xin-Kai; Shi, Hong-Yu; Hou, Xu-Min; Huang, Ri-Tai; Xue, Song; Yang, Yi-Qing

    2016-01-01

    Congenital heart disease (CHD) is the most common developmental abnormality, and is the leading noninfectious cause of mortality in neonates. Increasing evidence demonstrates that genetic defects play an important role in the pathogenesis of CHD. However, CHD exhibits substantial heterogeneity, and the genetic determinants for CHD remain unknown in the overwhelming majority of cases. In the current study, the coding exons and flanking introns of the HAND2 gene, which encodes a basic helix-loop-helix transcription factor essential for normal cardiovascular development, were sequenced in 192 unrelated patients with CHD, and a novel heterozygous mutation, p.S65I, was identified in a patient with congenital ventricular septal defect (VSD). Genetic analysis of the index patient's pedigree revealed that the mutation was present in all seven affected family members available, but absent in the 13 unaffected family members examined. Besides, in addition to VSD, five of the proband's close relatives also had pulmonary stenosis (PS), and the proband's son also had double outlet right ventricle (DORV). The missense mutation, which altered an evolutionarily conserved amino acid, was absent in 300 unrelated, ethnically matched healthy individuals. Biological analyses using a dual-luciferase reporter assay system showed that the mutant HAND2 was associated with significantly diminished transcriptional activity. Furthermore, the mutation abolished the synergistic activation between HAND2 and GATA4, as well as NKX2.5-two other cardiac core transcriptional factors that have been causally linked to CHD. These findings indicate that HAND2 loss-of-function mutation contributes to human CHD, perhaps via its interaction with GATA4 and NKX2.5. PMID:26865696

  14. Experiences with surgical treatment of ventricle septal defect as a post infarction complication

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    Stich Kathrin

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Complications of acute myocardial infarction (AMI with mechanical defects are associated with poor prognosis. Surgical intervention is indicated for a majority of these patients. The goal of surgical intervention is to improve the systolic cardiac function and to achieve a hemodynamic stability. In this present study we reviewed the outcome of patients with post infarction ventricular septal defect (PVSD who underwent cardiac surgery. Methods We analysed retrospectively the hospital records of 41 patients, whose ages range from 48 to 81, and underwent a surgical treatment between 1990 and 2005 because of PVSD. Results In 22 patients concomitant coronary artery bypass grafting (CAGB was performed. In 15 patients a residual shunt was found, this required re-op in seven of them. The time interval from infarct to rupture was 8.7 days and from rupture to surgery was 23.1 days. Hospital mortality in PVSD group was 32%. The mortality of urgent repair within 3 days of intractable cardiogenic shock was 100%. The mortality of patients with an anterior VSD and a posterior VSD was 29.6% vs 42.8%, respectively. All patients who underwent the surgical repair later than day 36 survived. Conclusion Surgical intervention is indicated for a majority of patients with mechanical complications. Cardiogenic shock remains the most important factor that affects the early results. The surgical repair of PVSD should be performed 4–5 weeks after AMI. To improve surgical outcome and hemodynamics the choice of surgical technique and surgical timing as well as preoperative management should be tailored for each patient individually.

  15. A HAND2 Loss-of-Function Mutation Causes Familial Ventricular Septal Defect and Pulmonary Stenosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yu-Min Sun

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Congenital heart disease (CHD is the most common developmental abnormality, and is the leading noninfectious cause of mortality in neonates. Increasing evidence demonstrates that genetic defects play an important role in the pathogenesis of CHD. However, CHD exhibits substantial heterogeneity, and the genetic determinants for CHD remain unknown in the overwhelming majority of cases. In the current study, the coding exons and flanking introns of the HAND2 gene, which encodes a basic helix-loop-helix transcription factor essential for normal cardiovascular development, were sequenced in 192 unrelated patients with CHD, and a novel heterozygous mutation, p.S65I, was identified in a patient with congenital ventricular septal defect (VSD. Genetic analysis of the index patient’s pedigree revealed that the mutation was present in all seven affected family members available, but absent in the 13 unaffected family members examined. Besides, in addition to VSD, five of the proband’s close relatives also had pulmonary stenosis (PS, and the proband’s son also had double outlet right ventricle (DORV. The missense mutation, which altered an evolutionarily conserved amino acid, was absent in 300 unrelated, ethnically matched healthy individuals. Biological analyses using a dual-luciferase reporter assay system showed that the mutant HAND2 was associated with significantly diminished transcriptional activity. Furthermore, the mutation abolished the synergistic activation between HAND2 and GATA4, as well as NKX2.5—two other cardiac core transcriptional factors that have been causally linked to CHD. These findings indicate that HAND2 loss-of-function mutation contributes to human CHD, perhaps via its interaction with GATA4 and NKX2.5.

  16. Efficacy of a novel IGS system in atrial septal defect repair

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mefleh, Fuad N.; Baker, G. Hamilton; Kwartowitz, David M.

    2013-03-01

    Congenital heart disease occurs in 107.6 out of 10,000 live births, with Atrial Septal Defects (ASD) accounting for 10% of these conditions. Historically, ASDs were treated with open heart surgery using cardiopulmonary bypass, allowing a patch to be sewn over the defect. In 1976, King et al. demonstrated use of a transcatheter occlusion procedure, thus reducing the invasiveness of ASD repair. Localization during these catheter based procedures traditionally has relied on bi-plane fluoroscopy; more recently trans-esophageal echocardiography (TEE) and intra-cardiac echocardiography (ICE) have been used to navigate these procedures. Although there is a high success rate using the transcatheter occlusion procedure, fluoroscopy poses radiation dose risk to both patient and clinician. The impact of this dose to the patients is important as many of those undergoing this procedure are children, who have an increased risk associated with radiation exposure. Their longer life expectancy than adults provides a larger window of opportunity for expressing the damaging effects of ionizing radiation. In addition, epidemiologic studies of exposed populations have demonstrated that children are considerably more sensitive to the carcinogenic effects radiation. Image-guided surgery (IGS) uses pre-operative and intra-operative images to guide surgery or an interventional procedure. Central to every IGS system is a software application capable of processing and displaying patient images, registration between multiple coordinate systems, and interfacing with a tool tracking system. We have developed a novel image-guided surgery framework called Kit for Navigation by Image Focused Exploration (KNIFE). In this work we assess the efficacy of this image-guided navigation system for ASD repair using a series of mock clinical experiments designed to simulate ASD repair device deployment.

  17. The role of MRI for the evaluation of atrial septal defects before and after percutaneous occlusion with the Amplatzer Septal Occluder trademark

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purpose: Evaluation of morphologic and functional MRI of atrial septal defects (ASD) before and after percutaneous occlusion with the Amplatzer Septal Occluder (AOC). Comparison of MRI with transesophageal echocardiography (TEE), balloon measurement (IVBM) and cardiac catheterization with shunt quantification (CCSQ). Materials and Methods: Twenty patients with ASD were examined before and three months after AOC implantation. ECG-triggered, breath-hold T1-weighted Turbo Spin Echo Segmented FLASH 2D and dynamic turbo-FLASH-GRE sequences after application of 0,2 mmol gadolinium DTPA per kg body weight were obtained in a 1.5 T MRI system. Defect size, and distance to coronal sinus (CS) and right upper pulmonary vein (RUPV) were determined for pre-interventional planning, and the AOC size was measured quantitatively for post-interventional follow-up. The shunts were evaluated qualitatively (occurrence of jets), semiquantitatively (jet length, turbulence square product) and quantitatively (flow measurement in the thoracic aorta and in the left and right pulmonary arteries). Results: The average size of the ASD measured by MRI was 17.6 mm (11-24.8 mm) in the axial view, 15.9 mm (10.8-28.9 mm) in the sagittal view and 16.4 mm (12.1-24.8 mm) in the short axis view. In comparison, the average defect size was 15 mm (8-24 mm) by TEE and 20 mm (13-27 mm) by IVBM. The average distance to the RUPV was 17 mm (9.6-21.9 mm) and to the CS 11.2 mm (5-17 mm). The AOC was visualized with only minimal artifacts. Qualitative analysis of the MRI findings revealed an occurence of jets in 17/20 patients. Semiquantitative analysis documented a high correlation for jet length and square product of the turbulence to defect size r=0.81 resp. r=0.82. Mean QP/QS-ratio measured by MR-volumetry was 1.6±0.29 and by MR-flow 1.6±0.26. The corresponding measurements were 1.7±0.3 for TEE and 1.5±0.5 for CCSQ. In comparison to TEE, the correlation coefficient was r=0.96 for MR-volumetry and r=0.85 for

  18. Hybrid management of a large atrial septal defect and a patent ductus arteriosus in an infant with chronic lung disease

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We report a case wherein a dysmorphic four-month-old infant (weighing 4.5 kgs) with an 8 mm atrial septal defect (ASD), a 1.5 mm patent ductus arteriosus (PDA), a 2 mm mid-muscular ventricular septal defect (VSD) associated with chronic lung disease, and severe pulmonary hypertension, was successfully managed using a hybrid approach, without the use of cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). Through a median sternotomy, the PDA was ligated and the ASD was closed with a 9 mm Amplatzer septal occluder implanted through peratrial access. The VSD was left untouched. Serial echocardiograms showed complete closure of the ASD and PDA, with progressive normalization of the pulmonary artery (PA) pressures within three months. The child rapidly gained weight and was weaned from sildenafil and oxygen administration. After 12 months, the VSD closed spontaneously and the child remained well, with normal PA pressures. A hybrid approach without the use of CPB should be considered in the management of infants with congenital heart disease, associated with chronic lung disease and pulmonary hypertension

  19. Swiss cheese ventricular septal defect with myocarditis - A rare coexistence in a neonate

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    A R Saboo

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Myocarditis is defined as acute inflammation of the myocardium, usually following a non-specific flu-like illness, and encompasses a wide range of clinical presentations ranging from mild or subclinical disease to heart failure. We report a 12-day-old healthy full-term neonate who presented with abrupt onset of congestive cardiac failure (CCF following a viral prodrome. Examination revealed persistent sinus tachycardia, lymphocytosis, gross cardiomegaly, nonspecific electrocardiogram changes with echocardiography showing Swiss cheese ventricular septal defect (VSD. VSD alone very rarely presents as early-onset cardiac failure in the absence of other precipitating factors like anemia, sepsis, hypoglycemia etc. Myocarditis, however, can mimic VSD and can present as fulminant cardiac failure in an otherwise healthy newborn. Myocarditis is usually diagnosed based on circumstantial evidence such as a recent viral infection and the sudden onset of cardiac dysfunction while ruling out other diagnostic possibilities. Elevated troponin T level is one of the most crucial noninvasive diagnostic modalities. Several trials have concluded that levels >0.055 ng/ml are statistically significant for diagnosing myocarditis in children. In our case an abrupt onset of cardiac failure following a viral prodrome and markedly elevated cardiac troponin T without sepsis and in the presence of normal coronary anatomy clinched the diagnosis of myocarditis. An early and aggressive treatment for CCF along with regular long-term follow-up plays a key role in the management of myocarditis. Role of high-dose Intravenous immunoglobulin in myocarditis has been studied by many trials with different outcomes. This is the first case report showing coexistence of VSD with myocarditis in a neonate presenting as early-onset acute cardiac failure. The report highlights the importance of screening for myocarditis in all previously normal babies presenting primarily with cardiogenic

  20. A Complication following the Transcatheter Closure of a Muscular Ventricular Septal Defect

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    Mustafa Karaçelik

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Today, congenital heart diseases may be treated without surgery through advances in interventional cardiology. However, complications such as infection and thrombus formation may develop due to foreign materials used during these procedures. Surgical intervention may be required for the removal of the device utilized for the procedure. In this case report, we present the surgical treatment of a residual ventricular septal defect (VSD that had developed in a 6-year-old patient with an apical muscular VSD closed with the Amplatzer muscular VSD device. The patient was admitted to the emergency room with complaints of abdominal pain and high fever 5 days after discharge without any cardiac symptoms. When she arrived at our clinic, she had a heart rate of 95 bpm, blood pressure of 110/70 mmHg, and temperature of 38.5ºC. Examinations of the other systems were normal, except for a 3/6 pan-systolic murmur at the mesocardiac focus on cardiac auscultation. Echocardiography showed a residual VSD, and the total pulmonary blood flow to the total systemic blood flow ratio (Qp/Qs of the residual VSD was 1.8. In the operating room, the Amplatzer device was removed easily with a blunt dissection. The VSD was closed with an autologous fresh pericardial patch. Following the pulmonary artery debanding procedure, the postoperative period was uneventful. The condition of the patient at the time of discharge and in the first postoperative month’s follow-up was good. There was no residual VSD or infection. 

  1. Measurement of Atrial Septal Defect Size: A Comparative Study between Transesophageal Echocardiography and Balloon Occlusive Diameter Method

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    Bahareh Eslami

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Background: Transcatheter closure of atrial septal defect secundum (ASD-II has become an alternative method for surgery. We sought to compare the two-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography (TEE method for measuring atrial septal defect with balloon occlusive diameter (BOD in transcatheter ASD-II closure.Methods: A total of 39 patients (71.1% female, mean age: 35.31 ± 15.37 years who underwent successful transcatheter closure of ASD-II between November 2005 and July 2008 were enrolled in this study. Transthoracic echocardiography (TTE and TEE were performed to select suitable cases for device closure and measure the defect size before the procedure, and BOD measurement was performed during catheterization via TEE. The final size of the selected device was usually either equal to or 1 – 2 mm larger than the BOD of the defect.Results: The mean defect size obtained by TEE and BOD was 18.50 ± 5.08 mm and 22.86 ± 4.76 mm, respectively. The mean difference between the values of ASD size obtained by TEE and BOD was 4.36 ± 2.93 mm. In comparison with BOD, TEE underestimated the defect size in 94.9%, but TEE value being equal to BOD was observed in 5.1%. There was a good linear correlation between the two measurements: BOD = 0.773 × ASD size by TEE+8.562; r2 = 67.9.1%. A negative correlation was found between TEE sizing and the difference between BOD and TEE values (r = -0.394, p value = 0.013.Conclusion: In this study, BOD was larger than ASD size obtained by two-dimensional TEE. However, TEE maximal defect sizing correlates with BOD and may provide credible information in device size selection for transcatheter ASD closure.

  2. Visualization of a Small Ventricular Septal Defect at First-pass Contrast-enhanced Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Imaging

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    Francesco Secchi

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Ventricular septal defect (VSD is a congenital heart disease that accounts for up to 40% of all congenital cardiac malformations. VSD is a connection between right and left ventricle, through the ventricular septum. Echocardiography and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI help identify this entity. This case presents a 12-year-old male diagnosed with a small muscular apical VSD of 3 mm in diameter, at echocardiography. Cardiac MRI using first-pass perfusion sequence, combining the right plane of acquisition with a short bolus of contrast material, clearly confirmed the presence of VSD.

  3. Unusual Case of Left Bronchial Compression by Aneurysmal Pulmonary Arteries in a Child With Atrial Septal Defect.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pawar, Ranjit; Kumar, Gaurav; Sharma, Vipul; Dalal, S S

    2016-07-01

    We report an uncommon case of large ostium secundum atrial septal defect (ASD) with severe pulmonary arterial hypertension, with associated aneurysmal dilatation of the pulmonary arteries (PAs) leading to compression of the left main bronchus and collapse of the entire left lung in a 15-month-old female child. The patient was managed by surgical closure of the ASD, translocation of the right PA anterior to the aorta with PA aneurysmorrhaphy. Left bronchial compression was relieved with complete lung expansion on the third postoperative day. PMID:26865068

  4. Guidance of secundum atrial septal defects occlusion by using transthoracic echocardiography and X-ray fluoroscopy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To evaluate the treatment efficiency of transcatheter closure of secundum atrial septal defect (ASD) by using Amplatzer occluder device with guidance of transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) and X-ray fluoroscopy. Methods: There were 84 patients. The mean age was 23.6 ± 19.4 years (ranged from 1 to 65 years). The largest diameter of ASD was measured by TTE in all of the patients and the largest diameter was measured by balloon simultaneously in 46 cases. In patients of ASD with solid edge, the largest diameter of ASD was measured directly by TTE, wherever in those with very soft and floppy edge, the solid edge was only measured. The closure procedure was guided by fluoroscopy and TTE. Results: The largest diameter of ASD was 18.7±7.4 mm (ranged from 4 to 36.5 mm) measured by TTE before interventions in 84 cases. There was no difference between the largest diameter measured by TTE (18.6 ± 7.5 mm) and balloon (19.2 ± 7.4 mm) (P>0.05), however, the correspondence was evident (r=0.957, P<0.01). The diameter of selected occluder was 22.1 ± 9.7 mm (ranged from 5 to 40 mm). The successful rate of placement of Amplatzer occluder was 100%. No complications occurred during the procedure, and no one needed for emergency surgery. Trivial to small residual shunts were found in 6 cases (7.1%) immediately after the procedure, and in 3 cases (3.6%) up to 3 days after the procedure. No residual shunts were found in a 6-month follow-up except in 1 case (1.2%) with multiple ASD. TTE examination showed that right heart size was improved in a one-year follow-up in 39 cases. Conclusion: Transcatheter closure of secundum ASD using Amplatzer occluder device with guidance of TTE and X-ray fluoroscopy guidance is an efficient, feasible, and simple method. Large and short-edged ASD, or ASD with thin edge and difficulty in detecting of edge by TTE, should be examined and monitored by TEE before the procedure, and then the procedure can be done by TTE and fluoroscopy guidance

  5. Presentation of congestive cardiac failure in children with ventricular septal defect

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Background: While there is much data on cardiac problems of adults, there is a limited statistical data available to evaluate the magnitude of the cardiac problems in children in Pakistan. Many of these children present with recurrent chest infections and congestive cardiac failure (CCF), and are managed by general practitioners. A careful search for underlying cardiac problems and awareness about the presentation of CCF and its magnitude will definitely decrease the morbidity and mortality of these children. The objective of this study was to see the frequency and clinical presentation of CCF in children with Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD). Methods: Forty-nine patients met the preset criteria during the study period of 6 months. A detailed history and physical examination with special emphasis on symptoms and signs was sought and the findings were noted in a questionnaire. Data was analysed using SPSS-11. Frequencies and percentages were calculated for all categorical variables. Results: CCF in VSD was found more in males, with a male to female ratio of 1.45:1. Majority (63.1%) of the patients presented in infancy. The common symptoms at presentation were dyspnoea (98%), cough (83.7%), and feeding difficulty (9.6%). Other important symptoms were fever, fatigue, failure to thrive, sweating and wheezing. The common physical signs in order of frequency were murmur 98%, tachypnoea 91.8%, tachycardia 89.8%, hepatomegaly 89.9% and crackles in chest 85.7%. Other presenting signs were displaced apex beat 57%, oedema 28.6% and chest deformity 20.4%. Regarding the type of VSD, peri membranous was the commonest 61.2% as confirmed by echocardiography. Conclusion: This study was done on a smaller scale in hospitalised children. The exact studies regarding CCF in paediatric patients are scarce. There is a need to design more studies in children with CCF. Early recognition of signs and symptoms of CCF on paediatric patients with VSD and awareness at primary health care level

  6. Multiple coil closure of isolated aortopulmonary collateral

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    Padhi Sumanta

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available A 7-month-old girl was diagnosed to have large aortopulmonary collateral during evaluation for congestive heart failure. There was no other evidence of cardiopulmonary disease. The collateral was successfully closed with multiple coils delivered sequentially. We describe the issues associated during closure of the aortopulmonary collateral in this case. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first reported case of large aortopulmonary collateral presenting with heart failure in an otherwise structurally normal heart that was closed successfully with multiple coils delivered sequentially.

  7. Transcatheter closure of secundum atrial septal defect in adults: report of our first experience in a developing country

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    Animasahun BA

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available B Adeola Animasahun,1 Yele Aluko,2 Adeyemi Johnson,3 Kofo Ogunyankin,3 Sunita Maheshwari41Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Lagos State University College of Medicine, Lagos, Nigeria; 2Mid Carolina Cardiology, Charlotte, NC, USA; 3First Cardiology Consultants, Lagos, Nigeria; 4Narayana Hrudayalaya Institute of Cardiac Sciences, Bangalore, IndiaBackground: Since the first report on device closure of atrial septal defect (ASD in 1976, the procedure has gained wide acceptance and has been used worldwide, including parts of Africa. The advantages when compared to surgical closure include a shorter procedure time and hospital stay and no scarring. This mode of treatment was not available in Nigeria prior to the cases reported here, requiring patients to travel abroad for the procedure.Methods: A cardiac catheterization laboratory became available in Lagos, Nigeria in 2009, and in December 2010 the laboratory collaborated with Lagos State University College of Medicine and Lagos State University Teaching Hospital to perform the device closure on two women (aged 34 and 62 years with secundum ASD. To the best of our knowledge, these are the first times the procedure has been performed in Nigeria.Results: Both patients made successful recovery and are stable.Conclusion: Transcatheter closure of ASD is now safe and available in Nigeria.Keywords: atrial septal defect, transcatheter closure, Nigeria

  8. ANAESTHETIC MANAGEMENT OF AN ADULT PATIENT WITH UNCORRECTED VENTRICULAR SEPTAL DEFECT POSTED FOR OBSTRUCTED INGUINAL HERNIA REPAIR

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    Shivaramu

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Adults with unrepaired acyanotic heart disease scheduled for a non - cardiac surgery present serious concerns for the anaesthesiologists. Ventricular septal defect (VSD, is an acyanotic congenital heart disease, characterized by a left to right shunt. The incidence varies between 2 to 6 per 1000 live births. It is found in 30% to 60% of all the newborns with congenital heart disease, thus making it one of the most common congenital heart diseases VSD is the commonest form of CHD. Unlike ASD, the majority will undergo spontaneous closure : 40% by the age of 2yr and 90% by the age of 10 yr . 1 The goal of anesthetic management should be to maintain intravascular volume. Systemic and pulmonary vascular resistance changes, such as might occur due to acidosis, hypothermia, hypercarbia or excessive airway pressures, should be avoided. Maintenance of preload, contractility and sinus rhythm is of major importance. The c omplex pathophysiologies of such heart disease, in addition to the circumstances of emergency operation, exacerbate the total anesthetic risk. We present here a rare case of obstructed right sided inguinal hernia repair with successful outcome in an adult with ventricular septal defect.

  9. Coronary to pulmonary fistula as the primary source of pulmonary blood supply in pulmonary atresia with ventricular septal defect

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    Isman Firdaus

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available A communication between the coronary and pulmonary arteries, so called coronary to pulmonary fistula, is a rare source of pulmonary supply in pulmonary atresia (PA with ventricular septal defect (VSD. A 4 year old girl referred to National Cardiovascular Center Harapan Kita, Jakarta with symptoms and signs of increased pulmonary blood flow since infancy and was confirmed by the chest x-rays. Heart examination revealed normal first heart sound with single loud second heart sound and an ejection systolic murmur at the pulmonary area. ECG demonstrated sinus rhythm with normal axis and biventricular hypertrophy. Echocardiography was performed and truncus arteriosus (TA type I was suspected with perimembranus VSD, overriding of the aorta, and dilated main pulmonary artery. But on cardiac catheterization studies, a non obstructive fistula was found between the left coronary and main pulmonary artery coexisted with PA and VSD. A successful surgery was performed subsequently and confirmed the above diagnosis. Although there were episodes of pulmonary hypertension crisis during early post operative course, she was then discharge from the hospital in a good condition. Since irreversible pulmonary vascular disease may develop in a non restrictive coronary to pulmonary fistula, early recognition of this anomaly is very important for better surgical result. (Med J Indones 2004; 13: 237-40Keywords: coronary to pulmonary fistula, pulmonary atresia, ventricular septal defect

  10. Anaesthetic management of a child with "cor-triatriatum" and multiple ventricular septal defects - A rare congenital anomaly

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    Sriram Sabade

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Cor-triatriatum is a rare congenital cardiac anomaly. It accounts for 0.1% of congenital heart diseases. Its association with multiple ventricular septal defects (VSD is even rarer. A five-month-old baby was admitted with respiratory distress and failure to thrive. Clinical examination revealed diastolic murmur over mitral area. Chest X-ray showed cardiomegaly. Haematological and biochemical investigations were within normal limits. Electrocardiogram showed left atrial enlargement. 2D echo showed double-chambered left atrium (cor-triatriatum, atrial septal defect (ASD and muscular VSD with moderate pulmonary arterial hypertension. The child was treated with 100% oxygen, diuretics and digoxin and was stabilized medically. We used balanced anaesthetic technique using oxygen, air, isoflurane, fentanyl, midazolam and vecuronium. Patient was operated under cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB with moderate hypothermia. Through right atriotomy abnormal membrane in the left atrium was excised to make one chamber. VSD were closed with Dacron patches and ASD was closed with autologous pericardial patch. Patient tolerated the whole procedure well and was ventilated electively for 12h in the intensive care unit. He was discharged on the 10 th postoperative day.

  11. Interatrial shunt. Diagnosis of patent foramen ovale and atrial septal defect with 64-row coronary computed tomography angiography

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The aim of this study was to investigate the frequency with which interatrial shunts are found during routine coronary computed tomography (CT) angiography and to describe imaging characterizations of patent foramen ovale (PFO), atrial septal defect (ASD), and atrial septal aneurysm (ASA). A total of 1081 adult patients were evaluated retrospectively for interatrial shunting; 77 were excluded from the study. CT diagnosis of PFO was defined as (1) a channel-like appearance of the interatrial septum (IAS) and (2) a contrast agent jet flow from the left atrium (LA) to the right atrium (RA). ASD was defined as (1) the IAS resembling a membrane with a hole and (2) a contrast jet flow between the two atria. ASA was identified by detecting a minimum 10-mm protrusion of the LA beyond the IAS into the RA. Among 1004 patients, 86 patients (8.6%) were diagnosed to have PFO. Another 23 patients (2.3%) had a hole in the IAS and were diagnosed as having ASD: 21 with an ostium secundum-type ASD and 2 with the sinus venosus type. ASA accompanied ASD in three patients. Electrocardiography-gated CT using the saline-chaser contrast injection technique that is routinely used for coronary arterial imaging can be used to detect interatrial shunts. The technique can also serve as a method for differentiating PFO, ASD, and ASA. (author)

  12. Warden repair for superior sinus venosus atrial septal defect and anomalous pulmonary venous drainage in children: Anesthesia and transesophageal echocardiography perspectives

    OpenAIRE

    Neelam Aggarwal; Shrinivas Gadhinglajkar; Rupa Sreedhar; Baiju S Dharan; Keerthi Chigurupati; Saravana Babu

    2016-01-01

    Objective: Review of intraoperative anesthetic challenges and the role of transesophageal echocardiography in children with sinus venosus atrial septal defect and partial anomalous pulmonary venous drainage undergoing Warden repair. Design: A retrospective observational case series. Methodolgy: Pediatric patients who underwent Warden repair between October 2011-September 2015 were recruited. Their preoperative clinical details, anesthetic techniques, intraoperative TEE findings and postoperat...

  13. Study on ventilation-perfusion lung scintigraphy before and after closed surgery for atrial septal defect with persistent ostium secundum

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To examine changes of ventilation and perfusion distribution before and after closed surgery in atrial septal defect (ASD), a total of 25 ventrilation-perfusion lung scintigraphies were performed in a supine position in 15 ASD patients. Their ages ranged from one year and 11 months to 23 years (an average age of 7 years and one month). Ventilation and perfusion distribution was almost uniform before surgery. Preoperative time constant obtained from Xe-133 washout curve had a positive correlation with pulmonary blood flow per pulmonary volume. Although preoperative higher perfusion was seen in the upper lobe, perfusion tended to be uniform after surgery. Non-uniform distribution of ventilation/perfusion ratio became uniform within a few weeks after surgery. (N.K.)

  14. Congenital pulmonary sling, aorto-pulmonary window and pulmonary vein obstruction as a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge in an infant with VACTERL association.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trowitzsch, Eckardt; Schneider, Martin; Urban, Andreas; Asfour, Boulos

    2006-06-01

    In a newborn with anal atresia and urethral valves an incomplete VACTERL association, was diagnosed and a colon anus praeter was placed. Sweating and heart murmur led to cardiac diagnostics. By 2D colour Doppler echocardiography a huge atrial septal defect and pulmonary venous stenoses were diagnosed. Additionally, a pulmonary sling combined with an aortopulmonary window (AoPAw) was suspected and later confirmed by angiography. Heart failure developed and closure of the AoPAw, transplantation of the left pulmonary artery and closure of the atrial septal defect was performed at the age of 4 weeks. But the patient did not improve. Pulmonary hypertension with suprasystemic pressure in the right ventricle originating from a stenosis of the new orifice of the left pulmonary artery and obstruction of the right pulmonary veins was diagnosed by echocardiography and confirmed by angiography. At the age of 8 months the orifice of the left pulmonary artery was enlarged by a patch, the obstruction of left sided pulmonary veins was opened, and the rightsided pulmonary veins were newly implanted into the left atrium. Finally the inter-atrial communication was closed by a patch plastic. Again, postoperatively the patient improved only slightly. At the age of 10 months trans-septal catheterisation was performed. Angiography revealed a successful balloon dilatation of the long obstruction of the right pulmonary veins. Later on, an absorbable magnesium stent was implanted into the right upper pulmonary vein and medication with an endothelin antagonist was started. Temporarily the patient improved significantly. Within 6 weeks, right ventricular systolic pressure was again suprasystemic due to extreme inflow obstruction of the right pulmonary vein diagnosed by echocardiography. Severe heart failure developed and at the age of 1 year the patient died. PMID:16598388

  15. A hazardous finding of a rare anomalous left main coronary artery in a patient with a secundum atrial septal defect

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    Michael Emery

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available Michael Emery1, Waqas Ghumman1, Shawn Teague2, Jo Mahenthiran11Krannert Institute of Cardiology, 2Department of Radiology, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana, USAAbstract: A 23-year-old male referred for evaluation of a “choking” sensation with exertion and a murmur. A transthoracic echocardiogram demonstrated right atrial and ventricular dilatation, right ventricular volume overload, and a large secundum atrial septal defect (ASD with left to right shunt and a calculated pulmonary-to-systemic blood flow ratio (Qp/Qs estimated at 2.3 to 1. Cardiac catheterization also demonstrated evidence of the ASD with Qp/Qs of 4.6 to 1 with a significant step-up in oxygen saturation at the right atrial level. Additionally, an anomalous left main coronary artery (ALMCA origin from the anterior right coronary cusp was suspected. Using 64-slice multidetector computed tomography coronary angiography (CCTA the left main coronary artery was seen to arise from the right coronary cusp then traverse between the pulmonary trunk and the proximal ascending aorta before bifurcating into the left anterior descending and circumflex arteries that followed their normal courses distally. Based on the high risk nature of associated sudden death from an anomalous left main coronary artery (ALMCA coursing between the aorta and the pulmonary trunk, the patient underwent surgical re-implantation of the ALMCA to the left coronary cusp and repair of the ASD. This case highlights a rare finding of a hazardous ALMCA in a patient with a secundum ASD and the utility of CCTA in evaluating the course of coronary anomalies along with other cardiac pathology.Keywords: atrial septal defect, anomalous coronary artery, congenital heart disease

  16. Transcatheter Closure of Atrial Septal Defects in a Center With Limited Resources: Outcomes and Short Term Follow-Up

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    Sukman T. Putra

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Background: Transcatheter closure of atrial septal defects (ASD has been accepted world-wide as an alternative to surgical closure with excellent results. This interventional, non-surgical technique plays an important role in the treatment of ASD mostly in the developing world where resources are limited. Objectives: To report the outcomes and short term follow-up of transcatheter closure of ASD over a 12-year period at our institution with limited resources. Patients and Methods: This retrospective study included all patients with the diagnosis of secundum ASD and significant shunting (Qp/Qs > 1.5:1 as well as dilated right atrium and right ventricle who had transcatheter closure at Integrated Cardiovascular Center (PJT, Dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital between October 2002 and October 2014. One hundred fifty-two patients enrolled in this study were candidates for device closure. Right and left heart cardiac catheterization was performed before the procedure. All patients underwent physical examination, ECG, chest X-ray and transthoracal echocardiography (TTE prior to device implantation. Results: A total of 152 patients with significant ASD underwent device implantation. Subjects’ age ranged from 0.63 to 69.6 years, with median 9.36 years and mean 16.30 years. They consisted of 33 (21.7% males and 119 (78.3% females, with mean body weight of 29.9 kg (range 8 to 75; SD 18.2. The device was successfully implanted in 150 patients where the majority of cases received the Amplatzer septal occluder (147/150; 98% and the others received the Heart Lifetech ASD occluder (3/150, 2%, whereas two other cases were not suitable for device closure and we decided for surgical closure. The mean ASD size was 19.75 (range 14 - 25 mm. During the procedure, 5 (4.9% patients had bradycardia and 3 (2.9% patients had supraventricular tachycardia (SVT, all of which resolved. Conclusions: In our center with limited facilities and manpower, transcatheter closure of

  17. Feasibility and safety of transthoracic echocardiography-guided transcatheter closure of atrial septal defects with deficient superior-anterior rims.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Gui-Shuang; Li, Hai-De; Yang, Jie; Zhang, Wen-Quan; Hou, Zong-Shen; Li, Qing-Chen; Zhang, Yun

    2012-01-01

    Although previous studies showed that transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) can be used to guide transcatheter closure of atrial septal defect (ASD), whether TTE can be used to guide transcatheter closure of secundum ASD with a deficient superior-anterior rim is unknown and this critical issue was addressed in the present study. A total of 280 patients with secundum ASD who underwent transcatheter ASD closure were recruited and divided into groups A and B depending on ASD superior-anterior rim>4 mm (n = 118) or ≤4 mm (n = 162). TTE was used to guide Amplatzer-type septal occluder (ASO) positioning and assess residual shunt. Procedure success was defined as no, trivial and small residual shunt immediately after the procedure as assessed by color Doppler flow imaging. Group A and group B did not differ in complication rate (8.55% vs.7.55%), procedure success rate (98.3% vs. 95.0%) or complete closure rate immediately after the procedure (89.7% vs. 89.3%) or at 6-month follow-up (98.3% vs. 96.8%). The mean procedure and fluoroscopy time in group B were much longer than those in group A. In conclusion, the absence of a sufficient superior-anterior rim in patients undergoing percutaneous closure of secundum-type ASDs using fluoroscopic and TTE guidance is associated with slightly greater device malposition and migration as well as increased procedural and fluoroscopic times, but the overall complication rate did not differ with TTE guidance when compared to historical controls that used TEE guidance. PMID:23284660

  18. Feasibility and safety of transthoracic echocardiography-guided transcatheter closure of atrial septal defects with deficient superior-anterior rims.

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    Gui-Shuang Li

    Full Text Available Although previous studies showed that transthoracic echocardiography (TTE can be used to guide transcatheter closure of atrial septal defect (ASD, whether TTE can be used to guide transcatheter closure of secundum ASD with a deficient superior-anterior rim is unknown and this critical issue was addressed in the present study. A total of 280 patients with secundum ASD who underwent transcatheter ASD closure were recruited and divided into groups A and B depending on ASD superior-anterior rim>4 mm (n = 118 or ≤4 mm (n = 162. TTE was used to guide Amplatzer-type septal occluder (ASO positioning and assess residual shunt. Procedure success was defined as no, trivial and small residual shunt immediately after the procedure as assessed by color Doppler flow imaging. Group A and group B did not differ in complication rate (8.55% vs.7.55%, procedure success rate (98.3% vs. 95.0% or complete closure rate immediately after the procedure (89.7% vs. 89.3% or at 6-month follow-up (98.3% vs. 96.8%. The mean procedure and fluoroscopy time in group B were much longer than those in group A. In conclusion, the absence of a sufficient superior-anterior rim in patients undergoing percutaneous closure of secundum-type ASDs using fluoroscopic and TTE guidance is associated with slightly greater device malposition and migration as well as increased procedural and fluoroscopic times, but the overall complication rate did not differ with TTE guidance when compared to historical controls that used TEE guidance.

  19. Trans-catheter closure of atrial septal defect: Balloon sizing or no balloon sizing - single centre experience

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    Gupta Saurabh

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Background : Selecting the device size using a sizing balloon could oversize the ostium secundum atrial septal defect (OSASD with floppy margins and at times may lead to complications. Identifying the firm margins using trans-esophageal echocardiography (TEE and selecting appropriate-sized device optimizes ASD device closure. This retrospective study was undertaken to document the safety and feasibility of device closure without balloon sizing the defect. Methods : Sixty-one consecutive patients who underwent trans-catheter closure of OSASD guided by balloon sizing of the defect and intra procedural fluoroscopy (group I and 67 consecutive patients in whom TEE was used for defect sizing and as intraprocedural imaging during device deployment (group II were compared. The procedural success rate, device characteristics, and complications were compared between the two groups. Results : The procedure was successful in 79.7 % patients. The success rate in group II (60 of 67, 89.6% was significantly higher than in group I (41 of 61, 67.2 % (P = 0.002. Mean upsizing of ASD device was significantly lower in group II (P < 0.001. TEE also provided better success rate with smaller device in subjects with large ASD (>25 mm and in those who were younger than 14 years of age. There were four cases of device embolization (two in each group; of which one died in group II despite successful surgical retrieval. Conclusion : Balloon sizing may not be essential for successful ASD device closure. TEE-guided sizing of ASD and device deployment provides better success rate with relatively smaller sized device.

  20. Lessons learnt from a series of hemodynamic and interventional complications during pulmonary valvotomy and device closure of ventricular septal defect

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anil Kumar Singhi

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available In an adolescent girl with coexistent valvar pulmonary stenosis (PS and muscular ventricular septal defect (VSD causing right to left shunt and severe cyanosis, a series of complications were encountered during transcatheter intervention. After balloon pulmonary valvotomy (BPV and device closure of the VSD, dynamic infundibular hypercontractility elevated the right ventricular (RV systolic pressures leading to embolization of the device into the left ventricle. During retrieval of the device from the left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT, there was injury to the atrioventricular nodal tissue resulting in transient complete heart block. Even though the device was successfully retrieved out from the right femoral arterial access, there was a retroperitoneal hematoma causing severe anemia. A combination of dynamic infundibular obstruction, intravascular volume depletion caused by hemorrhage, low oxygen carrying capacity due to anemia, and inotropes resulted in a life-threatening hypercyanotic spell. Once this combination of suicidal hypercontractile right ventricle, anemia, and dehydration was recognized; management of the pathophysiology resulted in recovery of the patient. On a subsequent day, device closure of the VSD was complicated by unstable device position, but was finally achieved by an innovative device stabilization technique. We propose to explain the basis of hemodynamic and procedural complications, their recognition, and management. During preparatory stage before interventions in patients with multiple defects, which are linked by strong hemodynamic interdependence, meticulous planning should be done and multiple untoward events should be foreseen. While a few complications were completely unanticipated, some others could have been predicted.

  1. Usefulness of Transesophageal Echocardiography for Transcatheter Closure of Ostium Secundum Atrial Septum Defect with the Amplatzer Septal Occluder

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chun-Yu Chen

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available Background: Transcatheter closure of ostium secundum atrial septum defect (ASDIIusing the new self-centering occluder, Amplatzer Septal Occluder (ASO,has been well developed in recent years. We describe the importance and roleof transesophageal echocardiography (TEE in the selection and closure ofsuch defects.Methods: Thirty patients referred for transcatheter closure of ASDII by ASO wereenrolled in this study. During catheterization, two-dimensional TEE was performedon all patients during and after transcatheter closure. ASD size andmorphology were assessed by TEE before catheterization. The ASDstretched diameter was also measured by TEE and fluoroscopy.Results: With the aid of TEE, transcatheter closure of an ASD was successfully, safelyand effectively performed on 29 patients. The mean ASD diameter determinedby TEE was 17.4 4.8 mm. The mean stretched diameters measuredby TEE and fluoroscopy were 18.7 5.6 mm and 17.9 5.5 mm, respectively.The mean device diameter was 19 5.6 mm. Immediate completeclosure was documented by color Doppler TEE in 29 patients. Complicationswere encountered in one patient, with the device becoming dislodged into themain pulmonary artery. The device was retrieved by surgery and the defectwas repaired in the operating room.Conclusions: Transcatheter closure of ASDs using an Amplatzer device is feasible, safeand effective. Two-dimensional TEE can provide useful information before,during and after transcatheter closure of ASDs.

  2. [Tetralogy of Fallow with Total Anomalous Pulmonary Vein Return and Atrial Septal Defect;Successful Two-staged Surgical Management;Report of a Case].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maekawa, Yoshiyuki; Miyahara, Yoshinori; Yoshizumi, Ko; Kawada, Masaaki; Minami, Takaomi; Sato, Tomoyuki; Yokomizo, Akiko; Oka, Kensuke; Furui, Sadahiro; Kataoka, Koichi

    2016-09-01

    A combination of tetralogy of Fallot( TOF) and total anomalous pulmonary venous return(TAPVR) is rare and results in chronic volume and pressure load of the right side of the heart and underfilling of the left heart. We report a successful 2-staged surgical correction of TOF associated with TAPVR and atrial septal defect. The patient was unsuitable for total primary intracardiac correction because the volume of the left ventricle was considered to be small. First, repair of anomalous pulmonary venous return and palliative right ventricle outflow tract reconstruction were simultaneously performed in 2 months of birth. One year after 1st operation, cardiac catheterization revealed that normalization of left ventricle volume, so 2nd operation was planned. Total correction of ventricular septal defect and right ventricle outflow reconstruction was performed and the patient was discharged on the 21st postoperative day with good hemodynamic status. PMID:27586317

  3. Post-traumatic fulminant paradoxical fat embolism syndrome in conjunction with asymptomatic atrial septal defect: a case report and review of the literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nerlich Michael

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Fat embolism syndrome with respiratory failure after intramedullary nailing of a femur fracture is a rare but serious complication in trauma patients. Case presentation We present the case of a 20-year-old Caucasian man who experienced paradoxical cerebral fat embolism syndrome with fulminant progression after intramedullary nailing of a femur fracture, in conjunction with a clinically asymptomatic atrial septal defect in a high position resulting in a right-to-left shunt. Conclusion Fat embolism syndrome may occur as a fulminant complication following femoral fracture repair in the presence of a concomitant atrial septal defect with right-to-left shunt. Thus, in patients with cardiac right-to-left shunts, femurs should not be nailed intramedullary, not even in cases of isolated injuries.

  4. The Role of Nasopharyngeal Temperature Monitoring in Detection of a Malpositioned Superior Vena Cava Cannula in an Emergency Coronary Artery Bypass in a Patient With Ventricular Septal Defect

    OpenAIRE

    Dabbagh, A; M Shahzamani; M Foroughi; K Ghods; M Ghomeisi; Rahimian, H.

    2010-01-01

    A 55 year-old woman was admitted to the CCU ward of our university hospital due to typical chest pain. The patient received supportive care and was transferred to the operating room for an emergency repair of the ventricular septal defect (VSD) and myocardial revascularization. The surgical team was notified regarding the tolerance to cooling detected by the temperature monitoring and also, the congestion of eye and blanching of forehead. After a few maneuvers, the cannula was repositioned. I...

  5. Right aortic arch with isolation of the left innominate artery in a case of double chamber right ventricle and ventricular septal defect

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chirantan Mangukia

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Herein, we report an unusual case of right aortic arch with isolation of the left innominate artery in a case of double chamber right ventricle with ventricular septal defect. The blood supply to the innominate artery was by a collateral arising from the descending aorta. The embryological development of this anomaly can be explained by the hypothetical double aortic arch model proposed by Edwards with interruption of the arch at two levels.

  6. Right aortic arch with isolation of the left innominate artery in a case of double chamber right ventricle and ventricular septal defect.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mangukia, Chirantan; Sethi, Sonali; Agarwal, Saket; Mishra, Smita; Satsangi, Deepak Kumar

    2014-05-01

    Herein, we report an unusual case of right aortic arch with isolation of the left innominate artery in a case of double chamber right ventricle with ventricular septal defect. The blood supply to the innominate artery was by a collateral arising from the descending aorta. The embryological development of this anomaly can be explained by the hypothetical double aortic arch model proposed by Edwards with interruption of the arch at two levels. PMID:24987265

  7. Post-traumatic fulminant paradoxical fat embolism syndrome in conjunction with asymptomatic atrial septal defect: a case report and review of the literature

    OpenAIRE

    Nerlich Michael; Englert Carsten; Kinner Bernd; Pfeifer Christian; Mueller Franz; Neumann Carsten

    2011-01-01

    Abstract Introduction Fat embolism syndrome with respiratory failure after intramedullary nailing of a femur fracture is a rare but serious complication in trauma patients. Case presentation We present the case of a 20-year-old Caucasian man who experienced paradoxical cerebral fat embolism syndrome with fulminant progression after intramedullary nailing of a femur fracture, in conjunction with a clinically asymptomatic atrial septal defect in a high position resulting in a right-to-left shun...

  8. Right aortic arch with isolation of the left innominate artery in a case of double chamber right ventricle and ventricular septal defect

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Herein, we report an unusual case of right aortic arch with isolation of the left innominate artery in a case of double chamber right ventricle with ventricular septal defect. The blood supply to the innominate artery was by a collateral arising from the descending aorta. The embryological development of this anomaly can be explained by the hypothetical double aortic arch model proposed by Edwards with interruption of the arch at two levels

  9. Safety and efficacy of nano lamellar TiN coatings on nitinol atrial septal defect occluders in vivo.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Zhi xiong; Fu, Bu fang; Zhang, De yuan; Zhang, Zhi wei; Cheng, Yan; Sheng, Li yuan; Lai, Chen; Xi, Ting fei

    2013-04-01

    Atrial septal defect (ASD) occlusion devices made of nickel-titanium (NiTi) have a major shortcoming in that they release nickel into the body. We modified NiTi occluders using Arc Ion Plating technology. Nano lamellar titanium-nitrogen (TiN) coatings were formed on the surfaces of the occluders. The safety and efficacy of the modified NiTi occluders were evaluated in animal model. The results showed that 38 out of 39 rams (97%) survived at the end of the experiment. Fibrous capsules formed on the surfaces of the devices. Gradual endothelialization took place through the attachment of endothelial progenitor cells from the blood and the migration of endothelial cells from adjacent endocardium. The neo-endocardium formed more quickly in the coated group than in the uncoated group, as indicated by the evaluation of the six month study group. After TiN coating, there was no significant difference in endothelial cell cycle. TiN coating significantly reduced the release of nickel in both in vivo and in vitro indicating an improved biocompatibility of the nitinol ASD occluders. Superior and modified ASD occluders may provide a good choice for people with nickel allergies after sFDA registration, which is expected in one to two years. PMID:23827582

  10. Study on transcatheter ASD occlusion using modified atrial septal defect occluder with no stainless steel screw in canine model

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To evaluate the safety, biocompatibility and efficacy of transcatheter closure of atrial septal defect (ASD) with no stainless-steel-screw occluder in canine model. Methods: The device was constructed from superelastic Nitinol wires tightly woven into two flat disks and sewed with polyester fibers inside, with a pliable loop on the right-atrial-disk of the device, connecting to the delivery cable. ASD was created by transcatheter puncture and balloon dilatation and then closed by occluder under fluoroscopy in the catheterization laboratory. the location and the influence of the implanted device on function of tricuspid valve and mitral valve were evaluated by echocardiography. At 1, 2, 3 and 6 months after the operation, the animals were killed and autopsy was conducted. Results: Eight dogs with puncture-produced ASD underwent ASD closing procedure successfully. the occluder showed no influence on the function of MV and AV demonstrated by echocardiogram. The two disks of the implanted device were covered with a smooth intact neogenesis layer in all dogs. Endocardial cells fully covered the surface of the two disk without inflammating reaction 3 months later. There was no evidence of corrosion on the surface of the nitinol wire removed from the dog after 6 months. Light microscopic examination of the liver, kidney, lung and spleen showed no evidence of embolization and inflammation. Conclusion: Transcatheter ASD occlusion with new-type occluder is safe, feasible, effective and good biocompatibility with a good prospective clinical application. (authors)

  11. Pulmonary Valve Infective Endocarditis in an Adult Patient with Severe Congenital Pulmonary Stenosis and Ostium Secundum Atrial Septal Defect

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Lacalzada

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available A hypertensive 76-year-old man with severe pulmonary valve stenosis (PVS and recent initiation of haemodialysis was referred with fever, chills, and asthenia. One month prior, he had been admitted with similar symptoms. Transthoracic echocardiography (TTE had shown a PVS and no valve vegetations were observed. Following discharge, he was readmitted with fever and blood cultures positive for Staphylococcus haemolyticus. A new TTE revealed two pulmonary valve vegetations and a previously undetected ostium secundum-type atrial septal defect (ASD, confirmed by transesophageal echocardiography. The clinical course was uneventful with intravenous antibiotic treatment and the patient was safely discharged. This is a case of pulmonary valve infective endocarditis (IE. The incidence of right-sided IE is on the rise due to the increased number of patients using central venous lines, pacing, haemodialysis and other intravascular devices. Pulmonary valve IE is extremely rare, especially in structurally normal hearts. The case reported here, presents a combination of predisposing factors, such as severe congenital PVS, the presence of a central venous catheter, and haemodialysis. The fact that it was an older patient with severe congenital PVS and associated with a previously undiagnosed ASD, is also an unusual feature of this case, making it even more interesting.

  12. Evaluation of left-to-right shunts in adults with atrial septal defect using first-pass radionuclide cardiography

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kelbaek, H; Aldershvile, J; Svendsen, Jesper Hastrup; Nielsen, S L; Munck, O; Wennevold, A

    1992-01-01

    Non-invasive determination of left-to-right shunts at the atrial level was performed by a new procedure using first-pass radionuclide measurement of cardiac output of the right and left ventricle. In 23 patients with coronary artery disease without shunt the mean difference between the cardiac...... outputs of the right and left ventricle was 0.04 l.min-1, the limits of agreement -0.80 to 0.88 l.min-1 and the 95% confidence interval for the bias -0.14 to 0.22 l.min-1. Right-sided cardiac catheterization was performed to assess the severity of the arterio-venous shunt by oximetry in 18 adult patients...... by two independent observers -0.75 to 0.77. The present findings suggest that first-pass radionuclide determination of left-to-right shunts through atrial septal defects is both reproducible and accurate when compared to the oximetric technique....

  13. Pre-operative evaluation with MR in tetralogy of Fallot and pulmonary atresia with ventricular septal defect

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To assess whether MR imaging could replace angiography in pre-operative evaluation of patients with tetralogy of Fallot and pulmonary atresia with ventricular septal defect (VSD), especially since the surgical correction was done earlier than was previously the rule. Fourteen patients with tetralogy of Fallot (n=10) or pulmonary atresia with VSD (n=4), mean age 7.5±4.4 months, were evaluated with angiocardiography and MR before definitive surgical correction. There was good diagnostic agreement between the two modalities when evaluating right ventricular outflow obstruction; 86% for valvular and 93% for supra valvular stenosis, but the agreement was somewhat lower for the sub valvular obstruction (57%). Surgery findings, however, were in favour of MR in 5 patients concerning the sub valvular right ventricular outflow tract obstruction. MR images identified all stenoses in the right and left pulmonary arteries, but overlooked one stenosis in the main pulmonary artery. MR could evaluate patency in all palliative shunts. Even in this young age group, MR imaging offers a good alternative to angiocardiography for the pre-operative evaluation of the right ventricular outflow tract, the main pulmonary artery and the proximal right and left pulmonary arteries, before definitive surgical correction of tetralogy of Fallot and pulmonary atresia with VSD

  14. Pre-operative evaluation with MR in tetralogy of Fallot and pulmonary atresia with ventricular septal defect

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Holmqvist, C.; Hochbergs, P. [Univ. Hospital, Lund (Sweden). Dept of Diagnostic Radiology; Bjoerkhem, G. [Univ. Hospital, Lund (Sweden). Dept of Paediatrics; Brockstedt, S.; Laurin, S. [Univ. Hospital, Lund (Sweden). Dept of Diagnostic Radiology

    2000-01-01

    To assess whether MR imaging could replace angiography in pre-operative evaluation of patients with tetralogy of Fallot and pulmonary atresia with ventricular septal defect (VSD), especially since the surgical correction was done earlier than was previously the rule. Fourteen patients with tetralogy of Fallot (n=10) or pulmonary atresia with VSD (n=4), mean age 7.5{+-}4.4 months, were evaluated with angiocardiography and MR before definitive surgical correction. There was good diagnostic agreement between the two modalities when evaluating right ventricular outflow obstruction; 86% for valvular and 93% for supra valvular stenosis, but the agreement was somewhat lower for the sub valvular obstruction (57%). Surgery findings, however, were in favour of MR in 5 patients concerning the sub valvular right ventricular outflow tract obstruction. MR images identified all stenoses in the right and left pulmonary arteries, but overlooked one stenosis in the main pulmonary artery. MR could evaluate patency in all palliative shunts. Even in this young age group, MR imaging offers a good alternative to angiocardiography for the pre-operative evaluation of the right ventricular outflow tract, the main pulmonary artery and the proximal right and left pulmonary arteries, before definitive surgical correction of tetralogy of Fallot and pulmonary atresia with VSD.

  15. Ventricular Septal Defect: a Literature Review Comunicación interventricular: revisión de la literatura

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Ángel Osorio Góngora

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Congenital heart defects occur in approximately eight of every 1000 live births. Ventricular septal defect occupies a large percentage of them and is the most commonly associated with chromosomal syndromes presenting multifactorial etiology. In 1879, Roger was the first to define the underlying clinical signs. New milestones in its history are marked by Einsenmenger, Dalrymple, Heath and Edwards. In 1979, the use of two-dimensional echocardiography in real time, dramatically improved non-invasive anatomical diagnosis. The main pathophysiologic alteration is part of the injuries that produce volume overload and left to right short-circuit. It is a model for the study of anatomical and physiological relationship in the different injuries that allow communication between the pulmonary and systemic circuits. The imperfections of the sites of origin of the interventricular septum result in different types of ventricular septal defects. The most commonly used classification is the anatomical, from Soto. Homodynamic effects after birth depend on the physiological changes of systemic and pulmonary circulation, as well as on the diameter of the hole. The clinical case depends on the defect and the pulmonary and vascular resistance. The diagnosis is clinical and echocardiographic. Treatment is medical, palliative, surgical and with rehabilitation. Currently, rehabilitation is approached as an essential part of care and therapy.Las cardiopatías congénitas se presentan aproximadamente en 8 de cada 1000 recién nacidos vivos. La comunicación interventricular ocupa un gran porcentaje entre todas, y es la que más se asocia a los síndromes cromosómicos con etiología multifactorial. En 1879 Roger fue el primero en definir los signos clínicos subyacentes. Nuevos hitos en su historia marcan: Einsenmenger, Dalrymple, Heath y Edwards, hasta 1979 en que, con el uso de la ecocardiografía bidimensional en tiempo real, se mejora dramáticamente el diagn

  16. Altered Cardiac Function and Ventricular Septal Defect in Avian Embryos Exposed to Low-Dose Trichloroethylene

    OpenAIRE

    Echoleah S Rufer; Hacker, Timothy A.; Flentke, George R.; Drake, Victoria J.; Brody, Matthew J.; Lough, John; Susan M. Smith

    2009-01-01

    Trichloroethylene (TCE) is the most frequently reported organic groundwater contaminant in the United States. It is controversial whether gestational TCE exposure causes congenital heart defects. The basis for TCE’s proposed cardiac teratogenicity is not well understood. We previously showed that chick embryos exposed to 8 ppb TCE during cardiac morphogenesis have reduced cardiac output and increased mortality. To further investigate TCE’s cardioteratogenic potential, we exposed in ovo chick ...

  17. Repair of complete atrioventricular septal defect in infants with down syndrome: outcomes and long-term results.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tumanyan, Margarita R; Filaretova, Olga V; Chechneva, Vera V; Gulasaryan, Ruben S; Butrim, Iuliia V; Bockeria, Leo A

    2015-01-01

    In clinical practice, the combination of congenital heart disease (CHD) with malformations of other organs occurs in about 10 % of cases, including chromosomal disease with heart defects, which are observed mainly with certain syndromes. In the Bakoulev SCCS (Moscow, Russian Federation), from 01.2005 to 01.2011, complete atrioventricular septal defect (CAVSD) repair was performed on 163 patients (5.6 ± 3.0 months) with Down Syndrome (DS) using the single-patch (n = 40) and the two-patch (n = 123) methods. The control group consisted of 214 infants aged 6.49 ± 3.03 months with CAVSD and normal karyotype. A retrospective cohort study was made, as well as a comparative analysis of the immediate (up to 30 days) and long-term (12-75 months, at the average of 56 ± 15) results of the repair of CAVSD in infants with DSand normal karyotype/chromosome set (NK). During the hospital treatment period, we registered the following complications: pulmonary hypertensive crises in 6 % (n = 9) of patients with DS and in 10 % (n = 21) of infants with NK, infectious complications in 21% (n = 34) of patients with DS and in 8% (n = 17) of infants with NK. Squeal structures in groups were differentiated. The doses and duration of cardiotonic support in the NK patients were significantly higher in comparison with the DS patients (7.5 ± 2.1 days vs 3.4 ± 1.15 days, p Down syndrome. Concerning the long-term results, there was no significant difference (Gehan-Wilcoxon test) in actuarial freedom from reoperation after repair of CAVSD between DS and NK groups (p Down Syndrome in patients significantly increases the risk of severe co-morbidities that have a significant impact on the recovery period, as well as on life expectancy even after successful CHD correction. PMID:25099029

  18. Virtual reality 3D echocardiography in the assessment of tricuspid valve function after surgical closure of ventricular septal defect

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kappetein A Pieter

    2007-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background This study was done to investigate the potential additional role of virtual reality, using three-dimensional (3D echocardiographic holograms, in the postoperative assessment of tricuspid valve function after surgical closure of ventricular septal defect (VSD. Methods 12 data sets from intraoperative epicardial echocardiographic studies in 5 operations (patient age at operation 3 weeks to 4 years and bodyweight at operation 3.8 to 17.2 kg after surgical closure of VSD were included in the study. The data sets were analysed as two-dimensional (2D images on the screen of the ultrasound system as well as holograms in an I-space virtual reality (VR system. The 2D images were assessed for tricuspid valve function. In the I-Space, a 6 degrees-of-freedom controller was used to create the necessary projectory positions and cutting planes in the hologram. The holograms were used for additional assessment of tricuspid valve leaflet mobility. Results All data sets could be used for 2D as well as holographic analysis. In all data sets the area of interest could be identified. The 2D analysis showed no tricuspid valve stenosis or regurgitation. Leaflet mobility was considered normal. In the virtual reality of the I-Space, all data sets allowed to assess the tricuspid leaflet level in a single holographic representation. In 3 holograms the septal leaflet showed restricted mobility that was not appreciated in the 2D echocardiogram. In 4 data sets the posterior leaflet and the tricuspid papillary apparatus were not completely included. Conclusion This report shows that dynamic holographic imaging of intraoperative postoperative echocardiographic data regarding tricuspid valve function after VSD closure is feasible. Holographic analysis allows for additional tricuspid valve leaflet mobility analysis. The large size of the probe, in relation to small size of the patient, may preclude a complete data set. At the moment the requirement of an I

  19. Initial Kaiser Permanente Southern California Experience Embracing the New Technology of Transcatheter Closure of Atrial Septal Defects

    OpenAIRE

    Rosengart, Ronald M; Salem, Morris M; Degner, Timothy L; Sapin, Samuel O

    2004-01-01

    As a result of individual physicians’ initiative, transcatheter closure of secundum atrial septal defects—a new procedure—was made available to patients in the Kaiser Permanente (KP) Southern California Region soon after the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved use of the AMPLATZER Septal Occluder. This ingenious device and the procedure for its implantation are described along with results of implantation in our initial 51 pediatric and adult patients. These results are compared wi...

  20. Safety and efficacy of nano lamellar TiN coatings on nitinol atrial septal defect occluders in vivo

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Atrial septal defect (ASD) occlusion devices made of nickel–titanium (NiTi) have a major shortcoming in that they release nickel into the body. We modified NiTi occluders using Arc Ion Plating technology. Nano lamellar titanium–nitrogen (TiN) coatings were formed on the surfaces of the occluders. The safety and efficacy of the modified NiTi occluders were evaluated in animal model. The results showed that 38 out of 39 rams (97%) survived at the end of the experiment. Fibrous capsules formed on the surfaces of the devices. Gradual endothelialization took place through the attachment of endothelial progenitor cells from the blood and the migration of endothelial cells from adjacent endocardium. The neo-endocardium formed more quickly in the coated group than in the uncoated group, as indicated by the evaluation of the six month study group. After TiN coating, there was no significant difference in endothelial cell cycle. TiN coating significantly reduced the release of nickel in both in vivo and in vitro indicating an improved biocompatibility of the nitinol ASD occluders. Superior and modified ASD occluders may provide a good choice for people with nickel allergies after sFDA registration, which is expected in one to two years. - Highlights: ► The nano lamella TiN coating did not change the shape-memory behavior and flexibility of the nitinol occluder. ► Nano lamella TiN coating modifications significantly reduced nickel release from nitinol ASD occluder. ► The new ASD occluder was found to be superior to nitinol ASD occluder with respect to both safety and efficacy

  1. Safety and efficacy of nano lamellar TiN coatings on nitinol atrial septal defect occluders in vivo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhang, Zhi xiong, E-mail: Top5460@163.com [Research Institute of Peking University in Shenzhen, Shenzhen 518057 (China); Fu, Bu fang, E-mail: fubnicpbp@163.com [National Institutes for Food and Drug Control, Beijing (China); Zhang, De yuan, E-mail: Deyuanzhangcn@yahoo.com.cn [Lifetech Scientific (Shenzhen) Co., Ltd., Shenzhen (China); Zhang, Zhi wei, E-mail: Zhzhx65@163.com [Guangdong Cardiovascular Institute, Guangzhou (China); Cheng, Yan, E-mail: chengyan@pku.edu.cn [Academy for Advanced Interdisciplinary Studies, Peking University, Beijing (China); Sheng, Li yuan, E-mail: lysheng@yeah.net [Research Institute of Peking University in Shenzhen, Shenzhen 518057 (China); Lai, Chen, E-mail: laichen1110@163.com [Research Institute of Peking University in Shenzhen, Shenzhen 518057 (China); Xi, Ting fei, E-mail: Xitingfie@pku.edu.cn [Research Institute of Peking University in Shenzhen, Shenzhen 518057 (China); Academy for Advanced Interdisciplinary Studies, Peking University, Beijing (China)

    2013-04-01

    Atrial septal defect (ASD) occlusion devices made of nickel–titanium (NiTi) have a major shortcoming in that they release nickel into the body. We modified NiTi occluders using Arc Ion Plating technology. Nano lamellar titanium–nitrogen (TiN) coatings were formed on the surfaces of the occluders. The safety and efficacy of the modified NiTi occluders were evaluated in animal model. The results showed that 38 out of 39 rams (97%) survived at the end of the experiment. Fibrous capsules formed on the surfaces of the devices. Gradual endothelialization took place through the attachment of endothelial progenitor cells from the blood and the migration of endothelial cells from adjacent endocardium. The neo-endocardium formed more quickly in the coated group than in the uncoated group, as indicated by the evaluation of the six month study group. After TiN coating, there was no significant difference in endothelial cell cycle. TiN coating significantly reduced the release of nickel in both in vivo and in vitro indicating an improved biocompatibility of the nitinol ASD occluders. Superior and modified ASD occluders may provide a good choice for people with nickel allergies after sFDA registration, which is expected in one to two years. - Highlights: ► The nano lamella TiN coating did not change the shape-memory behavior and flexibility of the nitinol occluder. ► Nano lamella TiN coating modifications significantly reduced nickel release from nitinol ASD occluder. ► The new ASD occluder was found to be superior to nitinol ASD occluder with respect to both safety and efficacy.

  2. Atrial septal defects type II: noninvasive evaluation of patients before implantation of an amplatzer septal occluder and on follow-up by magnetic resonance imaging compared with TEE and invasive measurement

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate morphological and functional MRI of atrial septal defects (ASD) before and after interventional occlusion by the Amplatzer Septal Occluder (AOC) in comparison to trans-oesophageal echocardiography (TEE), invasive balloon measurement (IVBM) and cardiac catheterisation (QCC). Sixty patients with an ASD type II were enrolled. They underwent TEE, IVBM, QCC and MRI at 1.5T. Cine gradient echo, steady-state free precession sequences and a gradient echo phase contrast sequence were used. In MRI, pulmonary-to-systemic flow ratio (Qp/Qs) was calculated and compared with the QCC Qp/Qs ratio. Qp/Qs ratio in baseline MRI examination was 1.56 ± 0.29 (range: 1.05-2.2) and in QCC 1.71 ± 0.30 (range: 1.2-2.4) with a significant correlation (R = 0.65, P < 0.01). Defect size on MRI was 15.3 ± 7.4 mm (range: 3-30 mm), in TEE 14.3 ± 4.9 mm (range: 4-24 mm), and the balloon stretched diameter in IVBM was 23.4 ± 4.2 mm (range: 14-32 mm). Correlation between defect size in MRI vs. TEE was R = 0.67 (P < 0.01) and MRI vs. IVBM was R = 0.77 (P < 0.01). Right ventricular volumes decreased after intervention. MRI is an accurate noninvasive test for diagnosis, planning and follow-up after interventional ASD occlusion using an AOC. (orig.)

  3. Atrial septal defects type II: noninvasive evaluation of patients before implantation of an amplatzer septal occluder and on follow-up by magnetic resonance imaging compared with TEE and invasive measurement

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Weber, Christoph; Adam, Gerhard [University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Diagnostic Center, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Hamburg (Germany); Weber, Michael; Ekinci, Okan; Neumann, Thomas; Deetjen, Anja; Rolf, Andreas; Hamm, Christian W.; Dill, Thorsten [Kerckhoff Heart Center, Department of Cardiology, Bad Nauheim (Germany)

    2008-11-15

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate morphological and functional MRI of atrial septal defects (ASD) before and after interventional occlusion by the Amplatzer Septal Occluder (AOC) in comparison to trans-oesophageal echocardiography (TEE), invasive balloon measurement (IVBM) and cardiac catheterisation (QCC). Sixty patients with an ASD type II were enrolled. They underwent TEE, IVBM, QCC and MRI at 1.5T. Cine gradient echo, steady-state free precession sequences and a gradient echo phase contrast sequence were used. In MRI, pulmonary-to-systemic flow ratio (Qp/Qs) was calculated and compared with the QCC Qp/Qs ratio. Qp/Qs ratio in baseline MRI examination was 1.56 {+-} 0.29 (range: 1.05-2.2) and in QCC 1.71 {+-} 0.30 (range: 1.2-2.4) with a significant correlation (R = 0.65, P < 0.01). Defect size on MRI was 15.3 {+-} 7.4 mm (range: 3-30 mm), in TEE 14.3 {+-} 4.9 mm (range: 4-24 mm), and the balloon stretched diameter in IVBM was 23.4 {+-} 4.2 mm (range: 14-32 mm). Correlation between defect size in MRI vs. TEE was R = 0.67 (P < 0.01) and MRI vs. IVBM was R = 0.77 (P < 0.01). Right ventricular volumes decreased after intervention. MRI is an accurate noninvasive test for diagnosis, planning and follow-up after interventional ASD occlusion using an AOC. (orig.)

  4. Inaccuracy of doppler echocardiographic estimates of pulmonary artery pressures in adult atrial septal defect patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhang Caojin; Huang Tao; Huang Xinsheng; Huang Yigao; Chen Jimei; Chen Jiyan; Wu Shulin

    2014-01-01

    Background While echocardiography has been a pivotal screening test in pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH),the presence of structural cardiac defects may affect the ability to reliably predict pulmonary artery pressures (PAPs).This study sought to evaluate the accuracy of Doppler echocardiography (DE) for estimating PAPs in adult atrial septal defect (ASD) patients with PAH.Methods A prospective study was carried out to compare the echocardiographic assessment of PAP with the same pressures obtained by right heart catheterization (RHC) in adult ASD patients with PAH who underwent simultaneous DE and RHC.Bland-Altman analyses were performed to evaluate the agreement between DE and RHC measurements of PAPs.Results Two hundred and fifty-seven patients were included in the study.A significant overestimation of the systolic pulmonary arterial pressure (sPAP) and mean pulmonary artery pressure (mPAP) was reported by echocardiography compared with those by catheterization ((81.8±26.9) mmHg vs.(72.9±26.9) mmHg,P <0.01; (51.9±16.4) mmHg vs.(41.4±17.2) mmHg,P <0.01,respectively).Twenty-one percent (55/257) of the patients had PAH when estimated by echocardiography whereas showed normal results in the subsequent catheterization test.Using Bland-Altman analytic methods,the bias for the echocardiographic assessment of the sPAP was 9.1 mmHg with 95% limits of agreement ranging from-24.4 to 42.6 mmHg.For mPAP measurement,the bias was 10.5 mmHg with 95% limits of agreement ranging from-12.4 to 33.4 mmHg.On multiple linear regression analysis,age,gender,body surface area,ASDs' diameter,PVR,diastolic blood pressure,and echocardiographic assessment of right atrial pressure (RAP) explained 68.8% of the total variability in the model (r2=0.688,P <0.01).Conclusion Inaccuracy was frequently reported in Doppler echocardiographic assessment of the PAP in adult ASD patients with PAH and was often associated with age,gender,body surface area,ASDs' diameter

  5. Discussion of Operation Coding of Atrial Septal Defect Neoplasty%房间隔缺损修补术的手术编码探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘晶; 林海丽; 郑琳

    2015-01-01

    With the innovation and development of cardiac surgery technology, atrial septal defect neoplasty methods are varied. Coders have difficulty in coding this operation because of clinicians General writing atrial septal defect neoplasty in the front page of medical record and the records. Through an introduction to the atrial septal defect neoplasty, encode the operations according to the 2011 edition of the ICD-9-CM-3. In the process of coding, coding workers should carefully read operation records, and familiar with coding principle, to ensure the code accurately.%随着心脏外科技术的创新发展,房间隔缺损修补术的手术方式多种多样,由于临床医师在病案首页填写和病历记录中只笼统的书写“房间隔缺损修补术”,从而在手术编码的过程中常常给编码工作者带来困扰。通过对房间隔缺损修补术的手术方式介绍,依据2011版ICD-9-CM-3手术与操作对不同术式的房间隔缺损修补术进行编码。在编码的过程中,编码工作者应仔细阅读手术记录,熟练掌握编码原则,确保房间隔缺损修补术的手术编码准确。

  6. Preoperative and postoperative pulmonary function tests in patients with atrial septal defect and their relation to pulmonary artery pressure and pulmonary:systemic flow ratio.

    OpenAIRE

    Schofield, P. M.; Barber, P V; Kingston, T

    1985-01-01

    Pulmonary diffusing properties and lung volumes were investigated in 44 patients with atrial septal defect, and in 30 of them preoperative and postoperative data were obtained. The patients were divided into three groups according to mean pulmonary artery pressure: less than or equal to 15 mm Hg (group 1), 16-29 mm Hg (group 2), and greater than or equal to 30 mm Hg (group 3). Patients in groups 1 and 2 had a high carbon monoxide transfer test which became normal after surgical correction of ...

  7. Complete Repair of Coarctation of the Aorta and a Ventricular Septal Defect in a 1,480 g Low Birth Weight Neonate

    OpenAIRE

    Lee, Hongkyu; Cho, Joon-Yong; Kim, Gun-Jik

    2011-01-01

    Although outcomes of neonatal cardiac surgery have dramatically improved in the last two decades, low body weight still constitutes an important risk factor for morbidity and mortality. In particular, cardiac surgery in neonates with very low birth weight (≤1.5 kg) is carried out with greater risk because most organ systems are immature. We report here on a successful case of early one-stage total repair of coarctation of the aorta and a ventricular septal defect in a 1,480 gram neonate.

  8. Using extracorporeal membrane oxygenation support preoperatively and postoperatively as a successful bridge to recovery in a patient with a large infarct-induced ventricular septal defect

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jacob, Samuel; Patel, Mitesh J.; Lima, Brian; Felius, Joost; Malyala, Rajasekhar S.; Chamogeorgakis, Themistokles; MacHannaford, Juan C.; Gonzalez-Stawinski, Gonzalo V.

    2016-01-01

    Rupture of the ventricular septum during acute myocardial infarction usually occurs within the first week. The event is usually followed by low cardiac output, heart failure, and multiorgan failure. Despite the many advances in the nonoperative treatment of heart failure and cardiogenic shock, including the intra-aortic balloon pump and a multitude of new inotropic agents and vasodilators, these do not supplant the need for operative intervention in these critically ill patients. This article describes the successful use of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation support as a bridge to recovery postoperatively in a patient with a large infarct-produced ventricular septal defect. PMID:27365878

  9. Prediction of early-onset atrial tachyarrhythmia after successful trans-catheter device closure of atrial septal defect.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Kyoung-Min; Hwang, Jin Kyung; Chun, Kwang Jin; Park, Seung-Jung; On, Young Keun; Kim, June Soo; Park, Seung Woo; Kang, I-Seok; Song, Jinyoung; Huh, June

    2016-08-01

    Atrial tachyarrhythmia is a well-known long-term complication of atrial septal defect (ASD) in adults, even after successful trans-catheter closure. However, the risk factors for early-onset atrial tachyarrhythmia after trans-catheter closure remain unclear. This retrospective study enrolled adults with secundum ASD undergoing trans-catheter closure from January 2000 to March 2014. We analyzed the clinical characteristics of patients and assessed risk factors for new-onset atrial tachyarrhythmia defined as a composite of atrial fibrillation or flutter (AF/AFL) after ASD closure. We enrolled a total of 427 patients; 123 were male (28.8%) and the median age was 37.0 (interquartile range [IQR]: 18.3-49.0). Nineteen (4.4%) patients had documented atrial tachyarrhythmia during the follow-up period (median: 11.4 months [IQR: 5.4-24]). Patients with transient AF/AFL during closure showed a greater incidence of new-onset atrial tachyarrhythmia during the follow-up period than patients with consistent sinus rhythm during closure (27.3% vs 3.8%; P = 0.01). Most new-onset atrial tachyarrhythmias were documented within 6 months (median: 2.6 [IQR: 1.2-4.1] months) of closure. In the multivariate analysis, the risk for new-onset atrial tachyarrhythmia was significant in patients with AF/AFL during closure (hazard ratio [HR]: 9.90, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 2.86-34.20; P < 0.001), deficient posteroinferior rim (HR: 5.48, 95% CI: 1.15-25.72; P = 0.04), and age of closure over 48 years (HR: 3.30, 95% CI: 1.30-8.38; P = 0.01). In conclusion, transient AF/AFL during trans-catheter closure of ASD as well as deficient posteroinferior rim and age of closure over 48 years may be useful for predicting early new-onset atrial tachyarrhythmia after device closure. PMID:27583905

  10. Atrial septal defect (ASD)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17015547 . Marelli AJ. Congenital heart disease. In: Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds. Goldman's Cecil ... Webb GD, Smallhorn JF, Therrien J, Redington AN. Congenital heart disease. In: Mann DL, Zipes DP, Libby P, Bonow ...

  11. Ventricular Septal Defect

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... restricted in any way. Recovery Recovery A typical stay in the hospital after surgical closure is 4 to 5 days, if there are no problems. After repair, most children go on to live healthy, productive lives. Reviewed ...

  12. The Role of Nasopharyngeal Temperature Monitoring in Detection of a Malpositioned Superior Vena Cava Cannula in an Emergency Coronary Artery Bypass in a Patient With Ventricular Septal Defect

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A Dabbagh

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available A 55 year-old woman was admitted to the CCU ward of our university hospital due to typical chest pain. The patient received supportive care and was transferred to the operating room for an emergency repair of the ventricular septal defect (VSD and myocardial revascularization. The surgical team was notified regarding the tolerance to cooling detected by the temperature monitoring and also, the congestion of eye and blanching of forehead. After a few maneuvers, the cannula was repositioned. In a few seconds, the forehead was cooled, while the airlocking episodes were lifted completely and the blanching and chemosis in the face and eyes all resolved. The septal defect was approached through the left ventricle; a 15 in 20 mm foramen, due to the ischemic rupture of the superior portion of the anteroseptal wall, was repaired with a patch of hemoshield. The incision over the LV was then repaired with 2 parallel bands of felt. The patient was operated on and transferred to the intensive care unit.

  13. Oclusão percutânea das comunicações interventriculares: experiência inicial Interventricular septal defects percutaneous occlusion: initial experiment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco José Araújo Chamié de Queiróz

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Avaliar a experiência inicial com o fechamento percutâneo das comunicações interventriculares (CIV, em especial, das CIV perimembranosas (CIVPM com a nova prótese de Amplatzer. MÉTODOS: Foram submetidos ao procedimento onze pacientes, seis com CIV perimembranosas (CIVPM e cinco com CIV musculares (CIVM. Dois apresentavam infecções repetidas do trato respiratório e tinham baixo ganho ponderal. Um apresentou história prévia de endocardite infecciosa. Os demais eram assintomáticos e foram selecionados pela ecocardiografia transtorácica (ETT. RESULTADOS: No grupo das CIVM (n=5, um paciente tinha uma CIV apical, dois tinham defeitos médio-septais e dois pacientes apresentavam defeitos múltiplos. Neste grupo, foi utilizada uma prótese de comunicação interatrial (CIA (Amplatzer Septal Occluder® e cinco próteses para CIVM (Amplatzer VSD-MUSC Occluder®, sendo que uma mesma paciente recebeu dois dispositivos. Todos os implantes foram bem sucedidos e transcorreram sem complicações. No grupo das CIVPM (n=6, dois tinham aneurismas de septo membranoso. Em 5, identificamos dois pertuitos com angiografia seletiva. Utilizamos próteses de Amplatzer para canal arterial (PCA (Amplatzer Duct Occluder® em 1 paciente e próteses específicas para CIVPM nos demais (Amplatzer VSD-MEMB Occluder®. Um oclusor perimembranoso migrou imediatamente depois de liberado, sendo retirado da aorta descendente. Outro paciente apresentou bloqueio atrioventricular total (BAVT, que reverteu após corticoterapia. CONCLUSÃO: O procedimento é tecnicamente complexo e deve ser executado apenas em centros especializados. Apesar disso, mostrou-se seguro e eficaz nos casos selecionados, e pode ser oferecido como alternativa ao tratamento cirúrgico tradicional.OBJECTIVE: To assess the initial experiment with percutaneous closure of interventricular septal defects (IVSD, especially perimembranous IVSD (PMIVSD with the new Amplatzer prosthesis. METHODS

  14. Análise dos fatores de risco na correção cirúrgica do defeito septal atrioventricular de forma total Risk factors analysis in the surgical repair of complete atrioventricular septal defect

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo Keller Saadi

    1993-06-01

    Full Text Available Pacientes com defeito septal atrioventricular de forma total (DSAVT freqüentemente apresentam insuficiência cardíaca intratável e hipertensão arterial pulmonar nos primeiros meses de vida, e apenas uma minoria sobrevive sem tratamento cirúrgico precoce. Por essa razão, indica-se a correção definitiva para alterar favoravelmente a história natural da doença. Entretanto, vários fatores são responsáveis pela alta mortalidade cirúrgica. O presente trabalho estuda a experiência na correção cirúrgica do DSAVT com o objetivo de identificar alguns fatores de risco estatisticamente significativos para a ocorrência de morte operatória. Analisaram-se, retrospectivamente, 52 pacientes submetidos, entre janeiro de 1974 e dezembro de 1990, a cirurgia definitiva para correção de DSAVT no Royal Brompton and National Heart and Lung Institute, sendo estudadas as seguintes variáveis: idade, peso, sexo, ano da operação, presença de síndrome de Down, grau de regurgitação da valva AV, bandagem prévia do tronco pulmonar, presença de anomalias associadas, pressão sistólica pulmonar, duplo orifício mitral, classificação do defeito segundo Rastelli, emprego de parada circulatória e técnica de correção (1 x 2 retalhos. Todos os fatores foram avaliados isoladamente, mediante a análise univariada. Para determinar quais os fatores que, independentemente da ação de outros, contribuíram significativamente para maior mortalidade cirúrgica, foi utilizada a análise multivariada com regressão logística. A análise multivariada demonstrou que o baixo peso na época da operação e a técnica de correção com um retalho aumentam significativamente a mortalidade cirúrgica.Patients with complete atrioventricular septal defects (CAVSD frequently present with severe heart failure which cannot be controllable medically and pulmonary hypertension in infancy. Just a small number survives without early surgical treatment. For this reason

  15. Amplatzer封堵器治疗儿童伴有假性室隔瘤的膜周部室间隔缺损%Transcatheter closure of aneurysm of perimembrane ventricular septal defect with Amplatzer duct occluder in children

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐礼江; 高伟; 方崇峰; 林仙方; 江建军; 刘志国

    2004-01-01

    我们应用Amplatzer不对称的膜周部室间隔缺损封堵器介入治疗伴有假性室隔瘤的膜周部室间隔缺损(Aneurysm of perimembrane ventricular septal defect)28例,现报告如下。

  16. Hypothermia During Cardiopulmonary Bypass Increases Need for Inotropic Support but Does Not Impact Inflammation in Children Undergoing Surgical Ventricular Septal Defect Closure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmitt, Katharina Rose Luise; Fedarava, Katsiaryna; Justus, Georgia; Redlin, Mathias; Böttcher, Wolfgang; Delmo Walter, Eva Maria; Hetzer, Roland; Berger, Felix; Miera, Oliver

    2016-05-01

    Minimizing the systemic inflammatory response caused by cardiopulmonary bypass is a major concern. It has been suggested that the perfusion temperature affects the inflammatory response. The aim of this prospective study was to compare the effects of moderate hypothermia (32°C) and normothermia (36°C) during cardiopulmonary bypass on markers of the inflammatory response and clinical outcomes (time on ventilator) after surgical closure of ventricular septal defects. During surgical closure of ventricular septal defects under cardiopulmonary bypass, 20 children (median age 4.9 months, range 2.3-38 months; median weight 7.2 kg, range 5.2-11.7 kg) were randomized to a perfusion temperature of either 32°C (Group 1, n = 10) or 36°C (Group 2, n = 10). The clinical data and blood samples were collected before cardiopulmonary bypass, directly after aortic cross-clamp release, and 4 and 24 h after weaning from cardiopulmonary bypass. Time on ventilation as primary outcome did not differ between the two groups. Other clinical outcome parameters like fluid balance or length of stay in the intensive care were also similar in the two groups. Compared with Group 2, Group 1 needed significantly higher and longer inotropic support (P Perfusion temperature did not influence cytokine release, organ injury, or coagulation. Cardiopulmonary bypass temperature does not influence time on ventilation or inflammatory marker release. However, in the present study, with a small patient cohort, patients operated under hypothermic bypass needed higher and longer inotropic support. The use of hypothermic cardiopulmonary bypass in infants and children should be approached with care. PMID:26581834

  17. Postoperative Residual Shunt After Repair of Ventricular Septal Defect Among Children%小儿室间隔缺损术后残余漏

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋雄刚

    1995-01-01

    8例小儿室间隔缺损修补术后残余漏再次手术病例分析:残余漏表现为5例术后残留心前区Ⅲ级以上收缩期杂音,7例血红蛋白尿,2例右心衰,8例超声心动图(UCG)证实心室水平残余左向右分流.均于术后2~112天行残余漏修补.术中见残余漏原因为不同部位缝针处组织撕裂6例,修补不全2例.8例均经带垫片褥式缝合加固,7例痊愈,1例再次发生残余漏.本文对残余漏特点、诊断、手术适应证及时机进行了讨论.%Eight cases of postoperative residual shunt after repair of venticular septal defect (VSD) were analysed in this paper.Their clinical features disclosed:hemofiubinuria in 7 cases,cardiac murmur in 5 and residual shunt signs on echocardiograph in 8.In the operation for residual shunt,it was found:the tear in septal leaflet in aneurysm-like VSD in 2 cases,the tear in septal leaflet of tricuspid in 4,infundibular muscular 2 and residual triangle defect under the patch repair in VSD 2.Residual shunt in all the 8 cases were repaired with mattress suture under cardiopulmonary bypass,seven patients recovered without hemogiobinuria or cardiac murmur,but one had residual shunt again and cerebral insufficiency,which was improved by medical therapy.The harmfulness,the diagnosis and prevention of postoperative residual shunt,the operative indication,optimal time and surgical procedures were discussed.

  18. Isolation, characterization and genetic analysis of canine GATA4 gene in a family of Doberman Pinschers with an atrial septal defect

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Shin-Aeh Lee; Seung-Gon Lee; Hyeong-Sun Moon; Lopeti Lavulo; Kyoung-Oh Cho; Changbaig Hyun

    2007-12-01

    GATA4 is expressed early in the developing heart where it plays a key role in regulating the expression of genes encoding myocardial contractile proteins. Gene mutations in the human GATA4 have been implicated in various congenital heart defects (CHD), including atrial septal defect (ASD). Although ASD is the third most common CHD in humans, it is generally rare in dogs and cats. There is also no obvious predilection for ASD in dogs and cats, based on sex or breed. However, among dogs, the incidence rate of ASD is relatively high in Samoyeds and Doberman Pinschers, where its inheritance and genetic aetiology are not well understood. In this study, we identified and investigated the genetic aetiology of an ASD affected family in a pure breed dog population. Although the GATA4 gene was screened, we did not find any mutations that would result in the alteration of the coding sequence and hence, the predicted GATA4 structure and function. Although the aetiology of ASD is multifactorial, our findings indicate that GATA4 may not be responsible for the ASD in the dogs used in this study. However, this does not eliminate GATA4 as a candidate for ASD in other dog breeds.

  19. 隔瓣后室间隔缺损并假性室隔瘤的手术治疗%Surgical Treatment of Ventricular Septal Defect With False Aneurysm of Membrane Septum

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    毛志福; 高尚志; 陈俊堂; 姚震; 涂仲凡

    1996-01-01

    Objective:To introduce the procedure for better exposure of the ventricular septal defect(VSD)from fused septal leaflet pouch.Method:Among the 28 cases,the septal leaflet of tricuspid valve in 22 cases was incised and the papillary muscle in 6 cases was dissected to expose the rim of the hidden VSD for proper anatomic repair.Results:There was no death,no significant intraoperative or postoperative complications and tricuspid valve dysfunction.Conclusion: Opening the fused septal leaflet pouch is safe and beneficial to a better exposure and repair of the hidden defect.%采用隔瓣切开或圆锥乳头肌切断术治疗假性室隔瘤型VSD并予以评价.全组共28例,其中22例采用隔瓣切开,6例采用圆锥乳头肌切断片显露缺损,再以涤纶片或自体心包片修补VSD.全组无手术死亡,无重大并发症及三尖瓣功能不全.此法安全,有利于VSD的显露和对VSD准确可靠的修补,值得推荐使用.

  20. 婴幼儿完全性房室隔缺损的外科治疗%Surgical correction of complete atrioventricular septal defect in infants

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡型锑; 赵琦峰; 吴国伟; 杜杰; 费建斌; 夏杰

    2014-01-01

    目的 总结婴幼儿完全性房室隔缺损外科治疗的临床经验.方法 本院2004年6月至2013年12月共手术治疗婴幼儿完全性房室间隔缺损56例,年龄53 d至12个月.全部患者术前经心脏超声检查确诊,其中18例患儿同时行心脏血管CTA检查.Rastelli A型44例,B型3例,C型9例.手术采用单片法修补37例,双片法修补3例,改良单片法修补16例.术后机械通气时间26 ~ 172 h,住ICU时间3~19d.结果 术后早期院内死亡5例,死亡原因分别为严重低心排2例,肾功能衰竭2例,严重肺部感染1例;晚期死亡1例,术后2个月因二尖瓣中、重度返流,死于心肺功能衰竭.手术死亡率10.7% (6/56).47例患儿术后随访3个月至5年,心功能恢复良好.结论 完全性房室间隔缺损一旦诊断明确应在生后6个月至1周岁及时手术,早期手术临床效果满意.手术效果关键取决于对心内结构的仔细探查以及彻底纠正心内畸形.%Objective To summarize the clinical experience of surgical treatment for complete atrioventricular septal defect in infants.Methods From December 2013 to June 2004,56 patients aged from 53 days to 12 months with complete atrioventricular septal defect were undergone operations.All patients were diagnosed by 2D-echocardiography,and 18 patients underwent cardiovascular computed angiography (CTA).Rastelli type A had 44 cases,type B 3 cases,and type C 9 cases.The single pericardium patch repair was used for 37 cases,the two-patch repair for 3 cases,and the modified single-patch repair for 16 cases.The time of mechanical ventilation was 26 to 172 hours,and the time of staying at Intensive Care Unit (ICU) was 3 to 19 days.Results There were 5 early deaths caused by severe low cardiac output in 2 cases,renal failure in 2 cases,and severe pulmonary inflammation in 1 case.One late death was due to severe mitral regurgitation with pneumonia and heart failure.The operative mortality was 10.7%.A total of 47 patients was

  1. Association between the European GWAS-Identified Susceptibility Locus at Chromosome 4p16 and the Risk of Atrial Septal Defect: A Case-Control Study in Southwest China and a Meta-Analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Zhao, Li; Li, Bei; Dian, Ke; Ying, Binwu; Lu, Xiaojun; Hu, Xuejiao; An, Qi; CHEN, CHUNXIA; Huang, Chunyan; Tan, Bin; Qin, Li

    2015-01-01

    Atrial septal defect (ASD) is the third most frequent type of congenital heart anomaly, featuring shunting of blood between the two atria. Gene-environment interaction remains to be an acknowledged cause for ASD occurrence. A recent European genome-wide association study (GWAS) of congenital heart disease (CHD) identified 3 susceptibility SNPs at chromosome 4p16 associated with ASD: rs870142, rs16835979 and rs6824295. A Chinese-GWAS of CHD conducted in the corresponding period did not reveal ...

  2. Simultaneous transfemoral transcatheter mitral and tricuspid valve edge-to-edge repair (using MitraClip system) completed by atrial septal defect occlusion in a surgically inoperable patient. First-in-human report

    OpenAIRE

    Kowalski, Marek; Franz, Norbert; Ritter, Frank; Hofmann, Steffen; Stabel-Mahassine, Chourok; Warnecke, Henning; Thale, Joachim

    2015-01-01

    Transcatheter transfemoral mitral valve repair using the MitraClip system (Abbott Vascular, USA) is used in high-risk or inoperable patients with severe mitral regurgitation. We report the first-in-human simultaneous transfemoral clipping of the mitral and tricuspid valve completed by occlusion of an atrial septal defect (ASD). The procedure was performed in an 84-year-old patient in October 2015. After effective reduction of mitral and tricuspid regurgitations using the MitraClip system a PF...

  3. Warden repair for superior sinus venosus atrial septal defect and anomalous pulmonary venous drainage in children: Anesthesia and transesophageal echocardiography perspectives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aggarwal, Neelam; Gadhinglajkar, Shrinivas; Sreedhar, Rupa; Dharan, Baiju S.; Chigurupati, Keerthi; Babu, Saravana

    2016-01-01

    Objective: Review of intraoperative anesthetic challenges and the role of transesophageal echocardiography in children with sinus venosus atrial septal defect and partial anomalous pulmonary venous drainage undergoing Warden repair. Design: A retrospective observational case series. Methodolgy: Pediatric patients who underwent Warden repair between October 2011-September 2015 were recruited. Their preoperative clinical details, anesthetic techniques, intraoperative TEE findings and postoperative events were recorded from the medical records. The categorical variables and the continuous variables were expressed as number (percentages) and mean ± SD respectively. Results: A total of 35 patients were operated for Warden repair during the study period. Anesthesia was induced with the aim to prevent any fall in pulmonary vascular resistance. The right internal jugular vein was cannulated under ultrasound guidance using a short length cannula to monitor right superior vena cava pressure. Intraoperative TEE revealed the drainage of PAPVC high into RSVC in 22 patients. Persistent LSVC was found in 9 patients. After repair, TEE imaging detected a high gradient at Warden anastomotic site in 5 patients and 3 of them required revision of surgery. Rerouted pulmonary veins required surgical correction in 2 patients in view of obstruction. None of them had pulmonary venous and SVC obstruction in the postoperative period. Conclusion: The primary aim of anesthesia is to avoid any fall in PVR. Right IJV cannulation can be beneficial. The intraoperative TEE can help in delineating the anatomy of lesion and detecting anastomotic site obstruction. PMID:27052072

  4. Warden repair for superior sinus venosus atrial septal defect and anomalous pulmonary venous drainage in children: Anesthesia and transesophageal echocardiography perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neelam Aggarwal

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: Review of intraoperative anesthetic challenges and the role of transesophageal echocardiography in children with sinus venosus atrial septal defect and partial anomalous pulmonary venous drainage undergoing Warden repair. Design: A retrospective observational case series. Methodolgy: Pediatric patients who underwent Warden repair between October 2011-September 2015 were recruited. Their preoperative clinical details, anesthetic techniques, intraoperative TEE findings and postoperative events were recorded from the medical records. The categorical variables and the continuous variables were expressed as number (percentages and mean ΁ SD respectively. Results: A total of 35 patients were operated for Warden repair during the study period. Anesthesia was induced with the aim to prevent any fall in pulmonary vascular resistance. The right internal jugular vein was cannulated under ultrasound guidance using a short length cannula to monitor right superior vena cava pressure. Intraoperative TEE revealed the drainage of PAPVC high into RSVC in 22 patients. Persistent LSVC was found in 9 patients. After repair, TEE imaging detected a high gradient at Warden anastomotic site in 5 patients and 3 of them required revision of surgery. Rerouted pulmonary veins required surgical correction in 2 patients in view of obstruction. None of them had pulmonary venous and SVC obstruction in the postoperative period. Conclusion: The primary aim of anesthesia is to avoid any fall in PVR. Right IJV cannulation can be beneficial. The intraoperative TEE can help in delineating the anatomy of lesion and detecting anastomotic site obstruction.

  5. Timing in resolution of left heart dilation according to the degree of mitral regurgitation in children with ventricular septal defect after surgical closure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hwa Jin Cho

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: Children with ventricular septal defects (VSD can have chronic volume overload, which can result in changes of left heart echocardiographic parameters. To evaluate the changes before and after surgical closure, the children were divided into three groups according to the degree of mitral regurgitation (MR, and their echocardiographic characteristics were reviewed at serial follow-up after surgical closure. METHODS: The preoperative, and one-, three-, and 12-month postoperative echocardiographic data of 40 children who underwent surgical closure of VSD were retrospectively reviewed. Left ventricular end-diastolic volume (LVEDV, left ventricular end-diastolic dimension (LVEDD, left ventricular end-systolic dimension (LVESD, mitral valvular characteristics, including degree of MR and mitral valve annulus, and left atrial (LA characteristics, including volume and dimensions, were observed. RESULTS: Preoperative LVEDV, LVEDD, LVESD, mitral valvular annulus, LA volume, and LA dimensions were significantly larger in children with MR. Additionally, there were significant decreases in LVEDV, LVEDD, LA volume, and LA dimensions at one, three, and 12 months postoperatively. The degree of MR also improved to a lower grade after surgical closure of the VSD without additional mitral valve repair. CONCLUSION: The echocardiographic parameters of left heart dilation and MR in children with VSD improved within the first year after surgical closure without additional mitral valve repair. Furthermore, in all of the patients with VSD, regardless of MR, LA dilation was reduced within three months after surgical closure of the VSD; however, LV and mitral valve annular dilatation decreased within 12 months.

  6. Quantification of Shunt Volume Through Ventricular Septal Defect by Real-Time 3-D Color Doppler Echocardiography: An in Vitro Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, Meihua; Ashraf, Muhammad; Tam, Lydia; Streiff, Cole; Kimura, Sumito; Shimada, Eriko; Sahn, David J

    2016-05-01

    Quantification of shunt volume is important for ventricular septal defects (VSDs). The aim of the in vitro study described here was to test the feasibility of using real-time 3-D color Doppler echocardiography (RT3-D-CDE) to quantify shunt volume through a modeled VSD. Eight porcine heart phantoms with VSDs ranging in diameter from 3 to 25 mm were studied. Each phantom was passively driven at five different stroke volumes from 30 to 70 mL and two stroke rates, 60 and 120 strokes/min. RT3-D-CDE full volumes were obtained at color Doppler volume rates of 15, 20 and 27 volumes/s. Shunt flow derived from RT3-D-CDE was linearly correlated with pump-driven stroke volume (R = 0.982). RT3-D-CDE-derived shunt volumes from three color Doppler flow rate settings and two stroke rate acquisitions did not differ (p > 0.05). The use of RT3-D-CDE to determine shunt volume though VSDs is feasible. Different color volume rates/heart rates under clinically/physiologically relevant range have no effect on VSD 3-D shunt volume determination. PMID:26850842

  7. Compound heterozygous or homozygous truncating MYBPC3 mutations cause lethal cardiomyopathy with features of noncompaction and septal defects

    OpenAIRE

    Wessels, Marja W.; Herkert, Johanna C; Frohn-Mulder, Ingrid M.; Dalinghaus, Michiel; van den Wijngaard, Arthur; Ronald R de Krijger; Michels, Michelle; de Coo, Irenaeus FM; Hoedemaekers, Yvonne M; Dooijes, Dennis

    2014-01-01

    Familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is usually caused by autosomal dominant pathogenic mutations in genes encoding sarcomeric or sarcomere-associated cardiac muscle proteins. The disease mainly affects adults, although young children with severe HCM have also been reported. We describe four unrelated neonates with lethal cardiomyopathy, and performed molecular studies to identify the genetic defect. We also present a literature overview of reported patients with compound heterozygous o...

  8. Down 综合征患儿室间隔缺损的手术治疗%Surgical Treatment of Ventricular Septal Defect in Children with Down Syndrome

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴士强

    2014-01-01

    目的:总结 Down 综合征患儿室间隔缺损的外科治疗经验。方法48例 Down 综合征患儿室间隔缺损在全身麻醉低温体外循环下行一期根治术。术前对于合并肺部感染、心功能不全、肺动脉高压者,给予有效的抗感染、强心及利尿剂、降肺动脉压等治疗;加强静脉营养,提高机体免疫力。术中提高手术技巧,操作轻柔,选择合适的手术切口及修补材料,避免发生传导阻滞等并发症。术后入 CICU,加强呼吸道管理,合理使用呼吸机;合理使用血管活性药物,维持循环系统的稳定;合理使用抗生素,减少肺部感染的发生。结果48例中无1例死亡,并发呼吸机相关性肺炎10例,心律失常2例,气胸1例,心包填塞1例,低心排1例。术后随访6个月至6年,生长发育好,无死亡。结论Down 综合征室间隔缺损患儿应尽早手术,选择适当的手术时机,合理有效的围术期处理,可提高手术成功率,延长患儿寿命。%Objective To summarize the experience with the surgical treatment of ventricular septal defect in children with Down syndrome.Methods Forty-eight children with Down syn-drome underwent one-stage radical operation under general anesthesia during hypothermic car-diopulmonary bypass.Patients with lung infection,heart failure,and pulmonary hypertension were given anti-infection,cardiotonics and diuretics,and anti-pulmonary hypertension,respectively.In addition,intravenous nutrition was strengthened and immunity was improved in all patients.Dur-ing operation,gentle operation technique was carried out and appropriate surgical incision and re-pair material were selected to avoid conduction block and other complications.After operation,pa-tients were admitted to CICU,and respiratory tract management and rational use of breathing ma-chine were strengthened.Moreover,vasoactive drugs and antibiotics were rationally used to main-tain the stability of

  9. Association of the GLI gene with ventricular septal defect after the susceptibility gene being narrowed to 3.56 cM in 12q13

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    QIU Guang-rong; GONG Li-guo; HE Guang; XU Xiao-yan; XIN Na; SUN Gui-feng; YUAN Yi-hua; SUN Kai-lai

    2006-01-01

    Background Our previous research has suggested that genes around D12S1056 in 12q13 may confer susceptibility to ventricular septal defect (VSD) in humans. The present study was to define the chromosome region assignment by transmission disequilibrium test (TDT), and to identify the important candidate gene by family-based association study and haplotype analysis. Methods Surrounding D12S1056, ten microsatellite markers including D12S329, D12S305, D12S1662, D12S1056, D12S1293, D12S334, D12S102, D12S83, D12S1655 and D12S1691 were chosen, and TDT was performed in 62 nuclear family trios each consisting of an affected child and two healty parents. Subsequently, the GLI gene, a positional candidate gene that maps to the target region, was selected for further analysis. Three single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), G11888C, G11388A, and G11625T, were selected for family-based association study and haplotype analysis. Results VSD was significantly associated with all selected markers except D12S1691 [72.2 centi morgen (cM)] and D12S1700 (75.76 cM). VSD was also significantly associated with G11888C (χ2 = 5.918, P = 0.015), G11388A (χ2 = 8.067, P = 0.005), and G11625T (χ2 = 11.842, P = 0.001). Haplotype analysis showed a strong linkage disequilibrium between G11888C and G11388A (D'=0.999), but in significant (χ2 = 1.035, df = 2, P >0.05). Conclusions The susceptibility gene of VSD was mapped to 3.56 cM in 12q13 by TDT, and the GLI gene, an important candidate in the target region, was associated with VSD.

  10. Reproduction and Survival After Cardiac Defect Repair

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-02-17

    Cardiovascular Diseases; Heart Diseases; Defect, Congenital Heart; Aortic Valve Stenosis; Transposition of Great Vessels; Ductus Arteriosus, Patent; Heart Septal Defects, Atrial; Heart Septal Defects, Ventricular; Down Syndrome; Tetralogy of Fallot; Pulmonic Stenosis; Coarctation of Aorta

  11. Ventricular Septal Defect (For Parents)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... at greater risk in their lifetime of developing endocarditis , an infection of the inner surface of the heart. This occurs when bacteria in the bloodstream infect the lining of the heart. Bacteria are always ...

  12. Ventricular Septal Defect (For Teens)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... VSD, are at more risk of having infective endocarditis in their lifetime. It's caused by bacteria in ... possibility that bacteria can get into the bloodstream, infect the heart, and damage heart valves. If you' ...

  13. The Cardiac MR Images and Causes of Paradoxical Septal Motion

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Real-time cine MRI studies using the steady-state free precession (SSFP) technique are very useful for evaluating cardiac and septal motion. During diastole, the septum acts as a compliant membrane between the two ventricles, and its position and geometry respond to even small alterations in the trans-septal pressure gradients. Abnormal septal motion can be caused by an overload of the right ventricle, delayed ventricular filling and abnormal conduction. In this study, we illustrate, based on our experiences, the causes of abnormal septal motion such as corrective surgery for tetralogy of Fallot, an atrial septal defect, pulmonary thromboembolism, mitral stenosis, constrictive pericarditis and left bundle branch block. In addition, we discuss the significance of paradoxical septal motion in the context of cardiac MR imaging

  14. The Cardiac MR Images and Causes of Paradoxical Septal Motion

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Dong Hun [Soonchunhyang University Bucheon Hospital, Bucheon (Korea, Republic of); Choi, Sang Il; Chun, Eun Ju [Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam (Korea, Republic of); Choi, Sung Hun [Ulsan University Hospital, Ulsan (Korea, Republic of); Park, Jae Hyung [Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2010-10-15

    Real-time cine MRI studies using the steady-state free precession (SSFP) technique are very useful for evaluating cardiac and septal motion. During diastole, the septum acts as a compliant membrane between the two ventricles, and its position and geometry respond to even small alterations in the trans-septal pressure gradients. Abnormal septal motion can be caused by an overload of the right ventricle, delayed ventricular filling and abnormal conduction. In this study, we illustrate, based on our experiences, the causes of abnormal septal motion such as corrective surgery for tetralogy of Fallot, an atrial septal defect, pulmonary thromboembolism, mitral stenosis, constrictive pericarditis and left bundle branch block. In addition, we discuss the significance of paradoxical septal motion in the context of cardiac MR imaging.

  15. Surgical treatment of interrupted aortic arch associated with ventricular septal defect and patent ductus arteriosus in patients over one year of age

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li Zhiqiang; Li Bin; Fan Xiangming; Su Junwu; Zhang Jing; He Yan; Liu Yinglong

    2014-01-01

    Background Interrupted aortic arch (IAA) is a rare congenital anomaly affecting 1.5% of infants with congenital heart disease.Neonatal repair of IAA is required to avoid irreversible pulmonary vascular lesion.However,in China,patients with IAA associated with ventricular septal defect (VSD) and patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) over one year of age are common.So we investigated the outcome of surgical treatment of IAA with VSD and PDA in patients over one year of age.Methods From January 2009 to December 2012,19 patients with IAA have undergone complete single-stage repair.The patients' mean age was 4.4 years,ranging 1 to 15 years; and their mean weight was 12.8 kg,ranging 4.2 to 36.0 kg.Fifteen IAA were type A,four were type B.Preoperative cardiac catheterization data were available from all patients.Mean pulmonary arterial pressure (mPAP) and pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) were measured.The measurements of postoperative pulmonary artery pressure were taken in the operating room at the end of the case.All patients underwent echocardiographic examinations before discharged from the hospital.In addition,cardiac catheterization and echocardiographic examinations were performed during follow-up.Selective brain perfusion through the innominate artery during aortic arch reconstruction was used in all patients.Mean follow-up was (1.6±0.8) years.Results There were two hospital deaths (2/19,11%).One patient died of pulmonary hypertension crisis,and another died of postoperative low cardiac output.Five cases had other main postoperative complications but no postoperative neurologic complications.Seventeen survivors were followed up,and there were no late deaths or reoperation.Mean cross-clamp duration was (85±22) minutes and selective brain perfusion duration was (34±11) minutes.Two patients required delayed sternal closure at two days postoperatively.Intensive care unit and hospital stays were (9±8) days and (47±24) days,respectively.Pressure gradients across

  16. Symptomatic aorto-pulmonary collaterals early after arterial switch operation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santoro, Giuseppe; Carrozza, Marianna; Russo, Maria Giovanna; Calabrò, Raffaele

    2008-07-01

    Enlarged bronchial arteries and/or systemic-to-pulmonary collaterals have been frequently demonstrated in association with transposition of the great arteries. They are usually clinically silent, although they might be large enough to cause accelerated pulmonary vascular obstructive disease or symptomatic cardiac volume overload after surgical repair. We report on a low-weight neonate with transposition of the great arteries and intact ventricular septum who showed a stormy postoperative course because of multiple aorto-pulmonary collaterals early after a successful arterial switch operation. Percutaneous coil embolization of these anomalous vessels resulted in sudden weaning from mechanical ventilation and hospital discharge in a few weeks. PMID:18185950

  17. Simultaneous transfemoral transcatheter mitral and tricuspid valve edge-to-edge repair (using MitraClip system) completed by atrial septal defect occlusion in a surgically inoperable patient. First-in-human report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Franz, Norbert; Ritter, Frank; Hofmann, Steffen; Stabel-Mahassine, Chourok; Warnecke, Henning; Thale, Joachim

    2015-01-01

    Transcatheter transfemoral mitral valve repair using the MitraClip system (Abbott Vascular, USA) is used in high-risk or inoperable patients with severe mitral regurgitation. We report the first-in-human simultaneous transfemoral clipping of the mitral and tricuspid valve completed by occlusion of an atrial septal defect (ASD). The procedure was performed in an 84-year-old patient in October 2015. After effective reduction of mitral and tricuspid regurgitations using the MitraClip system a PFO Occluder (St. Jude Medical, USA) was implanted. Transfemoral simultaneous mitral and tricuspid valve repair using the MitraClip system with ASD occlusion seems to be an effective therapy for high-risk or inoperable patients. PMID:26855642

  18. 儿童室间隔缺损合并重度肺动脉高压术后护理%Postoperation Care for Ventricular Septal Defect with Serious Pulmonary Hypertension in Children

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴芳兰; 陆雪英; 吴卓媚

    2002-01-01

    Objective To review the experience of postoperation caring for ventricular septal defect with seriouspulmonary hypertension in children. Methods To keep calm absolutely during postoperation 48 ~ 72h, use pulmonaryvasodilators and drugs of improving pulmonary circulation, maintain circulation stability, maintain within limits excessiveventilation and effectively oxygen supply, select suitable time points of draw out sputum for reducing stimulation, maintainadequate warm and humidity for airways, strengthen nutrition and energy supply by gastroenteric tract, monitoring central veinpressure(CVP), PaO2, SO2, PCO2. Results Hemodynamics tability, ventilator tube in 11 cases to be drawn withinpostoperation 72h, 2 case died of pulmonary hypertension critical, mortality is 12.5 % (2/16), rest children recovered smoothly.Conclusion To make enough preoperation prepare, improve and reinforce postoperation care of respiratory tract, keep calmabsolutely during postoperation 48 ~ 72h, reduce obvious pulmonary pressure and improve pulmonary circulation with Regitinand Prostaglandin(PGE- 1 ), better clinical effect can be achieved.

  19. Simultaneous transfemoral transcatheter mitral and tricuspid valve edge-to-edge repair (using MitraClip system) completed by atrial septal defect occlusion in a surgically inoperable patient. First-in-human report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kowalski, Marek; Franz, Norbert; Ritter, Frank; Hofmann, Steffen; Stabel-Mahassine, Chourok; Warnecke, Henning; Thale, Joachim

    2015-12-01

    Transcatheter transfemoral mitral valve repair using the MitraClip system (Abbott Vascular, USA) is used in high-risk or inoperable patients with severe mitral regurgitation. We report the first-in-human simultaneous transfemoral clipping of the mitral and tricuspid valve completed by occlusion of an atrial septal defect (ASD). The procedure was performed in an 84-year-old patient in October 2015. After effective reduction of mitral and tricuspid regurgitations using the MitraClip system a PFO Occluder (St. Jude Medical, USA) was implanted. Transfemoral simultaneous mitral and tricuspid valve repair using the MitraClip system with ASD occlusion seems to be an effective therapy for high-risk or inoperable patients. PMID:26855642

  20. Left Septal Fascicular Block: Myth Or Reality?

    OpenAIRE

    MacAlpin, Rex N.

    2003-01-01

    Anatomic studies have shown that the left bundle branch divides into three fascicles in most humans. Changes in the 12 lead ECG (electrocardiogram) due to conduction abnormalities of the left anterior fascicle and left posterior fascicle are now part of the standard repertoire of electrocardiographic interpretation. There are no standard criteria for detecting conduction defects involving the third left fascicle, the septal or median fascicle, and the very existence of such defects is still a...

  1. Thrombosis and prevention after transcatheter occlusion of atrial septal defect%房间隔缺损介入封堵术后血栓形成及其防治

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘倩

    2012-01-01

    目前,介入治疗已逐渐取代外科开胸手术成为房间隔缺损首选的治疗方法.但各种类型封堵器植入均有血栓形成报道,并引起脑栓塞、心肌梗死、肺栓塞等严重并发症.封堵器相关血栓形成主要与心房颤动、房间隔膨胀瘤、封堵器类型、凝血功能激活、封堵器内皮化过程等密切相关.该文总结了封堵器血栓形成的相关因素及目前房间隔缺损介入术后各种血栓预防方案,为介入封堵术后血栓防治提供理论基础及实验依据.%Transcatheter closure as an alternative to medical surgery has become a preferred therapeutic method to atrial septal defect (ASD).However,thrombopoiesis after occluder implantation has been reported comprehensively and causes a series of serious complications such as cerebral embolism、myocardial infarction,pulmonary embolism and so on.Reasons of device thrombopoiesis are closely associated with atrial fibrillation,persistent atrial septal aneurysm,occluder type,activated coagulation system and occluder endothelialization process.This paper summarizes correlation factors of occluder thrombopoiesis and current related prevention proposal after transcatheter closure of ASD,and provides theoretical and experimental foundation for prevenition of device thrombopoiesis after occluder implantation of ASD.

  2. Mammoth interatrial septal aneurysm in the ICE age

    OpenAIRE

    Timperley John; Bhindi Ravinay; Ormerod Oliver J

    2007-01-01

    Abstract Background Intracardiac echocardiography (ICE) is a useful imaging modality that is now being used more widely to assist in the percutaneous closure of atrial septal defects (ASD) and patent foramen ovales (PFO). Case presentation A 42 year old lady with a history of transient ischaemic attacks and migraine underwent percutaneous closure of an ASD. Intraprocedural ICE demonstrated a mammoth billowing multiperforated interatrial septal aneurysm in association with a secondum ASD. Conc...

  3. Verification of ZNF41 as a serum candidate biomarker for ventricular septal defect%室间隔缺损血清候选标志物锌指蛋白41的验证研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄慧; 仇小强; 何武金; 黄东萍; 张永波

    2014-01-01

    目的 验证锌指蛋白41(zinc finger protein 41,ZNF41)是否为室间隔缺损(ventricular septal defect,VSD)患者的血清候选标志物.方法 收集室间隔缺损患者的血清和与之性别、年龄、民族等频数相匹配的房间隔缺损(atrial septal defect,ASD)患者、法洛四联症(tetralogy of Fallot,TOF)患者和健康对照者的血清各20例,应用蛋白免疫印迹(Western blot)和酶联免疫吸附测定(enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay,EUSA)检测各组血清样本中锌指蛋白41的表达水平.结果 Western blot检测结果显示,锌指蛋白41在4组血清中均有表达,但VSD组中的相对表达水平均高于其他3组(均有P<0.05);ELISA检测结果可知VSD组的血清锌指蛋白41浓度为(136.72±56.44) pg/ml,ASD组为(94.54 ±41.98) pg/ml,TOF组为(100.69 ±37.08) pg/ml,健康对照组为(82.08 ±42.46)pg/ml,4组间差异有统计学意义(P =0.008),进一步两两比较,VSD组与其他3组之间差异均有统计学意义(均有P<0.05),而其他3组两两间差异均无统计学意义(均有P>0.05).结论 锌指蛋白41在VSD患者血清中表达水平较高,可能是VSD的血清候选标志物.

  4. Experiência inicial no fechamento percutâneo da comunicação interatrial com a prótese de Amplatzer Initial experience in percutaneous occlusion of atrial septal defects with the Amplatzer device

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valmir F. Fontes

    1998-03-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Analisar a experiência inicial no fechamento percutâneo da comunicação interatrial ostium secundum (CIA OS com a prótese de Amplatzer. MÉTODOS: Sete pacientes foram submetidos ao procedimento através da via venosa anterógrada, orientados pela ecocardiografia transesofágica (ETE e sob anestesia geral. Uma criança era portadora de 2 CIA e de canal arterial (CA. As CIA medidas pelo ETE variaram de 8,7 a 20mm. Um ecocardiograma transtorácico foi realizado na manhã seguinte do procedimento. RESULTADOS: Oito próteses foram implantadas nos 7 pacientes com sucesso. Em um paciente, o CA foi ocluído na mesma sessão com mola de Gianturco, tendo surgido taquicardia supraventricular durante a oclusão de uma das CIA, controlada com adenosina. Todos receberam alta hospitalar na manhã seguinte, com oclusão total dos defeitos. CONCLUSÃO: O procedimento mostrou-se seguro, eficaz e versátil, podendo ser considerado como uma alternativa terapêutica inicial em pacientes selecionados com CIA OS.PURPOSE: To evaluate our initial experience with percutaneous closure of secundum type atrial septal defects (ASD with the Amplatzer septal occluder. METHODS: Seven patients underwent occlusion by anterograde approach, under general anesthesia and transesophageal echocardiography (TEE guidance. One child had 2 ASD and a patent ductus arteriosus (PDA. The ASD size ranged from 8,7 to 20mm as measured by TEE. A transthoracic echocardiogram was performed in the morning after the procedure. RESULTS: Eight devices were successfully implanted in 7 patients and the PDA was occluded with a Gianturco coil at the same session. In this patient, there was an episode of supraventricular tachycardia during the occlusion of one ASD which was reverted with adenosin. All patients were discharged the day after, with complete occlusion of all defects. CONCLUSION: The procedure is safe, effective and versatile. It can be applied as an initial alternative to the

  5. A gain-of-function ACTC1 3'UTR mutation that introduces a miR-139-5p target site may be associated with a dominant familial atrial septal defect.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Ye; Du, Xinwei; Zhou, Zaiwei; Jiang, Jun; Zhang, Zhen; Ye, Lincai; Hong, Haifa

    2016-01-01

    The ostium secundum atrial septal defect (ASDII) is the most common type of congenital heart disease and is characterized by a left to right shunting of oxygenated blood caused by incomplete closure of the septum secundum. We identified a familial form of isolated ASDII that affects four individuals in a family of five and shows autosomal dominant inheritance. By whole genome sequencing, we discovered a new mutation (c.*1784T > C) in the 3'-untranslated region (3'UTR) of ACTC1, which encodes the predominant actin in the embryonic heart. Further analysis demonstrated that the c.*1784T > C mutation results in a new target site for miRNA-139-5p, a microRNA that is involved in cell migration, invasion, and proliferation. Functional analysis demonstrated that the c.*1784T > C mutation specifically downregulates gene expression in a luciferase assay. Additionally, miR-139-5p mimic causes further decrease, whereas miR-139-5p inhibitor can dramatically rescue the decline in gene expression caused by this mutation. These findings suggest that the familial ASDII may be a result of an ACTC1 3'UTR gain-of-function mutation caused by the introduction of a new miR-139-5p target site. Our results provide the first evidence of a pathogenic mutation in the ACTC1 3'UTR that may be associated with familial isolated ASDII. PMID:27139165

  6. Assessment of the geometric profile of the Amplatzer and Cardioseal septal occluders by three dimensional echocardiography

    OpenAIRE

    Acar, P; Saliba, Z; Bonhoeffer, P; Sidi, D; Kachaner, J

    2001-01-01

    OBJECTIVE—To apply three dimensional echocardiography to describe the geometric profile of the Amplatzer and Cardioseal occluders after deployment for closure of atrial septal defect.
METHODS—20 patients (mean (SD) age, 14 (5) years) were enrolled for transcatheter closure of a secundum atrial septal defect with the Amplatzer occluder (10) or with the Cardioseal occluder (10). The two populations were matched for the stretched diameter of the defect (mean 18 (6) mm). The profile of the two oc...

  7. The first clinical experience with the new GORE® septal occluder (GSO)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Søndergaard, Lars; Loh, Poay Huan; Franzen, Olaf;

    2013-01-01

    Aims: A new GORE® septal occluder (GSO) was granted CE mark in Europe in June 2011 for the treatment of patent foramen ovale and atrial septal defect. Major changes have been made to the device and delivery system compared to the HELEX® device. The new delivery system has simplified the implantat......Aims: A new GORE® septal occluder (GSO) was granted CE mark in Europe in June 2011 for the treatment of patent foramen ovale and atrial septal defect. Major changes have been made to the device and delivery system compared to the HELEX® device. The new delivery system has simplified the...... of these patients had patent foramen ovale and one had secundum atrial septal defect. In all the cases, the GSO devices were successfully deployed in the first attempt without any complication. Only one patient had a minor residual shunt detected immediately after the device deployment. All the...

  8. 房间隔缺损封堵术后头痛与封堵器形态相关分析%Correlation analysis on headache accompanied by atrial septal defect occlusion and morphometric characteristics of occluder

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王星烨; 成革胜; 杜亚娟; 张玉顺

    2013-01-01

    目的:研究房间隔缺损封堵术后头痛与封堵器形态之间的关系,以此探讨术后头痛的原因和机制.方法:继发孔型房间隔缺损患者183(男66,女117)例,年龄6~72(30.1±18.5)岁.经胸心动超声(transthoracic echocardiography,TTE)测量房间隔缺损最大直径为8~35(19.8±7.5) mm,选用的封堵器大小为10~44(25.9 ±8.9)mm.结果:术后3个月新出现头痛症状患者为16例,发生率为8.7%.头痛组房间隔缺损(atrial septal defect,ASD)缺损大小为(27.3 ±6.2)mm,无头痛组为(17.1±7.2) mm,头痛组缺损明显大于无头痛组(P<0.01).头痛组封堵器直径、超声测量封堵器的厚度均较无头痛组大(均P<0,01).封堵器直径与缺损大小的差值和封堵器直径与术后封堵器直径的差值头痛组亦明显大于无头痛组(P<0.05或P<0.01).多因素相关分析显示,头痛与封堵器厚度显著相关(P<0.01),而与年龄、缺损大小、封堵器直径等不相关.结论:封堵器厚度越厚,头痛症状发生率越高.头痛可能与封堵器表面内皮化不全或内皮化进程延长有关.%AIM:This study investigated the causes and mechanism for headache observed after atrial septal defect (ASD) occlusion by studying the correlation between headache and the geometric characteristics of the occluder.METHODS:One hundred eighty three patients (66 male,117 female) with secundum ASD were included with ages of 6-72 (30.1 ± 18.5) years.The maximum size of the defect was in the range of 8-35 mm (19.8-± 7.5) mm,measured by transthoracic echocardiography (TTE).Sizes of the occluders used were 10-44 mm (25.9 ± 8.9).RESULTS:Sixteen patients (8.7% of all patients) reported a postoperative headache after 3 months.The group with reported headache had significantly greater ASD defect sizes (27.3-± 6.2) mm compared with the defect sizes in the group without headache [(17.1 ±7.2) mm,P <0.01].In the group with headaches,both the diameter and thickness (measured by

  9. Right to Left Ventricular Diameter Ratio ≥0.42 is the Warning Flag for Suspecting Atrial Septal Defect in Preschool Children: Age- and Body Surface Area-Related Reference Values Determined by M-Mode Echocardiography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hashimoto, Ikuo; Watanabe, Kazuhiro; Ichida, Fukiko

    2016-04-01

    It is not always easy to observe and screen atrial septal defects (ASD) using echocardiography. In addition, there are no established echocardiographic reference indices for screening patients with ASDs. We retrospectively reviewed our database and recruited 151 isolated ASD patients and 2769 healthy subjects. In total, 307 echocardiographic studies were performed for ASD patients. Surgical repairs were done in 75 of the ASD patients. The ratio of right to left ventricular end-diastolic dimensions (RVD/LVD), which was determined by M-mode echocardiography, was used as an index of RV dilatation. After obtaining age- and body surface area (BSA)-related RVD/LVD nomograms in healthy subjects, we calculated the z-scores of RVD/LVD for all subjects and obtained the optimal cut-off values to differentiate patients with ASD from healthy subjects. The optimal cut-off values were high in neonates and gradually decreased with an increase in the age and BSA, but were almost constant in children aged >4 years or whose BSA was >0.65 m(2). The cut-off values of RVD/LVD for suspected ASD were ≥0.42 in children aged >4 years or those whose BSA was >0.65 m(2). Those for an ASD operation were ≥0.46 in those whose BSA > 0.65 m(2). The RVD/LVD determined by M-mode echocardiography is a useful index to evaluate RV dilatation in patients with ASDs. The RVD/LVD ≥ 0.42 is the warning flag for suspecting ASD in preschool children and that ≥0.46 may be a clinical important sign to determine ASD operation. PMID:26700967

  10. Intraoperative device closure of secundum atrial septal defect associated with deficient rims with a right anterior minithora-cotomy%右胸小切口封堵缺乏边缘的Ⅱ孔型房间隔缺损

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙晓宁; 赵强; 陈安清; 夏利民; 周光华; 王哲; 徐德民

    2009-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the feasibility of inrtaoperative device closure of secundum atrial septal defects(ASDs) as-sociated with deficient rime using the china-made septal occluder through a right antierior minithoractomy.Methods 25 patients with deficient rims underwent an attemptes intraoperative device closure.The patients had a deficient anterior rim (n=11),a deficient anterior rim and an inferior rim (n=3),a deficient anterior rim and a posterior rim(n=4),posterior rim(n=1),deficient anterior rim and superior rim(n=1),superior rim(n=4)as assessed by transesophgeal echocardiography(TEE).54 patients with sufficient rims(>5mm)who underwent closure served as controls.For deficient inferior rim,a sticth was sewed at the inferior vena cava near right infrior pulmonary vein to enforce the umbrella.For deficient posterior rim,a sticth was sewed at the right atrium to enfoce the umbrella.Results There were no differences between the 2 grouos in ASD stretched diameter and devioe (P>0.05).Of 25patients with deficient rims,25(100%)had immediate complete closure compared with 52 of 54 patients (96%) with sufficient rims (P5衄)行右胸小切El房间隔缺损封堵治疗者作为对照组,其中女36例.男18例,平均年龄31.9岁(5-72岁).结果 无边缘组房间隔缺损直径10-38衄,平均(23.3±8.5)mm.封堵器大小为(27.9±7.8)mm(14-42衄).对照组房间隔缺损直径9.38衄,平均(23.6±7.0)mm,封堵器大小为(29.4-I-7.3)r唧(12-42m).两组房间隔缺损直径和所用封堵器大小差别无统计学意义(P>O.05).平均手术时间分别为(30±7)min和(15 4-4)rain.差别有统计学意义(P<0.c15).25例缺乏边缘者100%(25,25例)封堵成功,对照组96%(52,54例)封堵成功,2例存在轻度残余分流.随访6个月,两组封堵成功率均为100%,均无严重并发症.结论 右胸小切口可以成功封堵边缘缺乏的房间隔缺损,但需要更长期的随访评估长期的安全性和有效性.

  11. Association between the European GWAS-Identified Susceptibility Locus at Chromosome 4p16 and the Risk of Atrial Septal Defect: A Case-Control Study in Southwest China and a Meta-Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dian, Ke; Ying, Binwu; Lu, Xiaojun; Hu, Xuejiao; An, Qi; Chen, Chunxia; Huang, Chunyan; Tan, Bin; Qin, Li

    2015-01-01

    Atrial septal defect (ASD) is the third most frequent type of congenital heart anomaly, featuring shunting of blood between the two atria. Gene-environment interaction remains to be an acknowledged cause for ASD occurrence. A recent European genome-wide association study (GWAS) of congenital heart disease (CHD) identified 3 susceptibility SNPs at chromosome 4p16 associated with ASD: rs870142, rs16835979 and rs6824295. A Chinese-GWAS of CHD conducted in the corresponding period did not reveal the 3 susceptibility SNPs, but reported 2 different risk SNPs: rs2474937 and rs1531070. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the associations between the 3 European GWAS-identified susceptibility SNPs and ASD risk in the Han population in southwest China. Additionally, to increase the robustness of our current analysis, we conducted a meta-analysis combining published studies and our current case-control study. We performed association, linkage disequilibrium, and haplotype analysis among the 3 SNPs in 190 ASD cases and 225 age-, sex-, and ethnicity-matched healthy controls. Genotype and allele frequencies among the 3 SNPs showed statistically significant differences between the cases and controls. Our study found that individuals carrying the allele T of rs870142, the allele A of rs16835979, and the allele T of rs6824295 had a respective 50.1% (odds ratio (OR) = 1.501, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.122-2.009, PFDR-BH = 0.018), 48.5% (OR = 1.485, 95%CI = 1.109-1.987, PFDR-BH = 0.012), and 38.6% (OR = 1.386, 95%CI = 1.042-1.844, PFDR-BH = 0.025) increased risk to develop ASD than wild-type allele carriers in our study cohort. In the haplotype analysis, we identified a disease-risk haplotype (TAT) (OR = 1.540, 95%CI = 1.030-2.380, PFDR-BH = 0.016). Our meta-analysis also showed that the investigated SNP was associated with ASD risk (combined OR (95%CI) = 1.35 (1.24-1.46), P < 0.00001). Our study provides compelling evidence to motivate better understanding of the etiology of ASD

  12. Association between the European GWAS-identified susceptibility locus at chromosome 4p16 and the risk of atrial septal defect: a case-control study in Southwest China and a meta-analysis.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Li Zhao

    Full Text Available Atrial septal defect (ASD is the third most frequent type of congenital heart anomaly, featuring shunting of blood between the two atria. Gene-environment interaction remains to be an acknowledged cause for ASD occurrence. A recent European genome-wide association study (GWAS of congenital heart disease (CHD identified 3 susceptibility SNPs at chromosome 4p16 associated with ASD: rs870142, rs16835979 and rs6824295. A Chinese-GWAS of CHD conducted in the corresponding period did not reveal the 3 susceptibility SNPs, but reported 2 different risk SNPs: rs2474937 and rs1531070. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the associations between the 3 European GWAS-identified susceptibility SNPs and ASD risk in the Han population in southwest China. Additionally, to increase the robustness of our current analysis, we conducted a meta-analysis combining published studies and our current case-control study. We performed association, linkage disequilibrium, and haplotype analysis among the 3 SNPs in 190 ASD cases and 225 age-, sex-, and ethnicity-matched healthy controls. Genotype and allele frequencies among the 3 SNPs showed statistically significant differences between the cases and controls. Our study found that individuals carrying the allele T of rs870142, the allele A of rs16835979, and the allele T of rs6824295 had a respective 50.1% (odds ratio (OR = 1.501, 95% confidence interval (CI = 1.122-2.009, PFDR-BH = 0.018, 48.5% (OR = 1.485, 95%CI = 1.109-1.987, PFDR-BH = 0.012, and 38.6% (OR = 1.386, 95%CI = 1.042-1.844, PFDR-BH = 0.025 increased risk to develop ASD than wild-type allele carriers in our study cohort. In the haplotype analysis, we identified a disease-risk haplotype (TAT (OR = 1.540, 95%CI = 1.030-2.380, PFDR-BH = 0.016. Our meta-analysis also showed that the investigated SNP was associated with ASD risk (combined OR (95%CI = 1.35 (1.24-1.46, P < 0.00001. Our study provides compelling evidence to motivate better understanding of the etiology

  13. Association between the European GWAS-identified susceptibility locus at chromosome 4p16 and the risk of atrial septal defect: a case-control study in Southwest China and a meta-analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Li; Li, Bei; Dian, Ke; Ying, Binwu; Lu, Xiaojun; Hu, Xuejiao; An, Qi; Chen, Chunxia; Huang, Chunyan; Tan, Bin; Qin, Li

    2015-01-01

    Atrial septal defect (ASD) is the third most frequent type of congenital heart anomaly, featuring shunting of blood between the two atria. Gene-environment interaction remains to be an acknowledged cause for ASD occurrence. A recent European genome-wide association study (GWAS) of congenital heart disease (CHD) identified 3 susceptibility SNPs at chromosome 4p16 associated with ASD: rs870142, rs16835979 and rs6824295. A Chinese-GWAS of CHD conducted in the corresponding period did not reveal the 3 susceptibility SNPs, but reported 2 different risk SNPs: rs2474937 and rs1531070. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the associations between the 3 European GWAS-identified susceptibility SNPs and ASD risk in the Han population in southwest China. Additionally, to increase the robustness of our current analysis, we conducted a meta-analysis combining published studies and our current case-control study. We performed association, linkage disequilibrium, and haplotype analysis among the 3 SNPs in 190 ASD cases and 225 age-, sex-, and ethnicity-matched healthy controls. Genotype and allele frequencies among the 3 SNPs showed statistically significant differences between the cases and controls. Our study found that individuals carrying the allele T of rs870142, the allele A of rs16835979, and the allele T of rs6824295 had a respective 50.1% (odds ratio (OR) = 1.501, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.122-2.009, PFDR-BH = 0.018), 48.5% (OR = 1.485, 95%CI = 1.109-1.987, PFDR-BH = 0.012), and 38.6% (OR = 1.386, 95%CI = 1.042-1.844, PFDR-BH = 0.025) increased risk to develop ASD than wild-type allele carriers in our study cohort. In the haplotype analysis, we identified a disease-risk haplotype (TAT) (OR = 1.540, 95%CI = 1.030-2.380, PFDR-BH = 0.016). Our meta-analysis also showed that the investigated SNP was associated with ASD risk (combined OR (95%CI) = 1.35 (1.24-1.46), P < 0.00001). Our study provides compelling evidence to motivate better understanding of the etiology of ASD

  14. Atrial septal defect in a ferret

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Schaik-Gerritsen, K.M.; Schoemaker, N.J.; Kik, M.J.L.; Beijerink, N.J.

    2013-01-01

    Abstract A 2-year-old, male castrated ferret (Mustela putorius furo) was presented with progressive abdominal distention and loss of muscle mass despite normal appetite. Physical examination findings included pale mucous membranes, a prolonged capillary refill time, a pulse rate greater than 300 bea

  15. Association of interatrial septal abnormalities with cardiac impulse conduction disorders in adult patients: experience from a tertiary center in Kosovo

    OpenAIRE

    Zaim Gashi; Masar Gashi; Gani Dragusha; Tefik Bekteshi; Dardan Koçinaj; Nebih Musliu; Aurora Bakalli; Ejup Pllana

    2011-01-01

    Interatrial septal disorders, which include: atrial septal defect, patent foramen ovale and atrial septal aneurysm, are frequent congenital anomalies found in adult patients. Early detection of these anomalies is important to prevent their hemodynamic and/or thromboembolic consequences. The aims of this study were: to assess the association between impulse conduction disorders and anomalies of interatrial septum; to determine the prevalence of different types of interatrial septum abnormaliti...

  16. 生物可吸收室间隔缺损封堵器的体外降解和力学性能%In vitro degradation property and mechanical force test of a bioresorbable ventricular septal defect occluder

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱玉峰; 陈文瑶; 黄新苗; 白元; 吴弘; 张瑾; 秦永文; 赵仙先

    2013-01-01

    目的 设计和制作生物可吸收室间隔缺损(ventricular septal defect,VSD)封堵器,观察其体外降解特性并对其机械力学性能进行测试,为下一步经导管闭合VSD的动物实验打下基础.方法 采用可降解高分子聚合材料聚对二氧环己酮(polydioxanone,PDO)单丝、聚左旋乳酸(poly-L-lactic acid,PLA)无纺布和聚乙醇酸(polyglycolic acid,PGA)缝线制作生物可吸收VSD封堵器,在封堵器盘片上对称部位缝上金属钽颗粒为X线下显影标记,右侧盘片尾部设计一环形小襻供配套输送系统钳夹输送.体外测试可吸收VSD封堵器的相关力学性能,行体外降解试验,测定封堵器盘片支撑力和质量衰减情况.结果 可吸收VSD封堵器的机械力学性能包括压缩/弹性恢复性能、尾部环形襻极限拉力、左侧盘片支撑力皆满足经导管输送的封堵力学要求.体外降解实验显示,可吸收封堵器8周内结构和形状仍保持不变,12周时PDO丝出现断裂、崩解,盘片结构不完整.左侧盘片支撑力在体外降解2周和3周时支撑力比初始时增强(分别为初始支撑力的121.7%和107.8%),4周和6周时支撑力比初始时下降(分别降至88.6%和85.3%).封堵器质量最初4周下降不到1%,6周以后质量明显下降.结论 用生物可吸收材料制作的VSD封堵器满足经导管植入体内的生物力学要求,可进行下一步的动物实验研究.%Objective To design and prepare a ventricular septal defect (VSD) occluder with bioabsorbable materials and to evaluate its in vitro degradation and mechanical force.Methods A bioresorbable VSD occluder was made of polymeric materials polydioxanone (PDO) monofilament,poly-L-lactic acid (PLA) fabrics and polyglycolic acid(PGA) sutures.Tantalum particles were sewn on the symmetrical parts of the occluder disc as tracers for X-ray,and the end of the right side of the disc was designed with a circular loop for the matched delivery system to clamp and

  17. Application of different minimally invasive techniques in treatment of secundum atrial septal defect%不同微创技术在继发孔房间隔缺损治疗中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    任建立; 姚建民; 程伟伟; 赵向东; 陆龙; 刘静; 武书玲; 郑睿

    2011-01-01

    Objective To compare the application of different minimally invasive techniques in the treatment of secundum atrial septal defect ( ASD ), analyze the advantages and disadvantages, and investigate the optimal indications of the techniques. Methods Among the patients of ASD ( n= 140,0.3 ~ 50 years old ) treated with minimally invasive techniques in our hospital from Jan. 2005 to Nov. 2010,60 cases were treated with percutaneous transcatheter closure ,30 with non-extracorporeal circulation transthoracic closure, and 50 with off-pump subaxillary mini-incision atrioseptopexy with normothermia and extracorporeal circulation. The success rate,length of incision and operation cost of 3 minimally invasive techniques were observed and compared. Results The success rate of percutaneous transcatheter closure,transthoracic closure of non-extracorpooreal circulation or subaxillary mini-incision atrioseptopexy was, respectively,95.0% ,96.7% and 100. 0% and the difference was not significant ( P > 0.05 ). There was no in-hospital death. The length of incision was, respectively,( 0.25 ± 0.06 ) cm,( 4.53 ± 1. 32 )cm and ( 10.43 ± 2.57 )cm and the difference was statistically significant ( P < 0.01 ). The operation cost was, respectively,( 24 146 ± 3073 ) yuan, ( 24 811 ± 3255 ) yuan and ( 23 300 ± 4799 ) yuan and the difference was not statistically significant ( P > 0.05 ). Conclusion The above montioned three minimally invasive techniques are safe and effective with smaller injury.%目的 对比不同微创技术在继发孔房间隔缺损治疗中的应用结果,分析其优缺点,探讨最佳手术适应证.方法 2005年1月到2010年11月我院采用微创技术治疗继发孔房间隔缺损患者140例,年龄0.3~50岁,其中经皮导管封堵术60例,非体外循环下经胸封堵术30例,常温体外循环心脏不停跳腋下小切口修补术50例.观察和比较三种微创技术治疗房间隔缺损的手术成功率、

  18. Association of interatrial septal abnormalities with cardiac impulse conduction disorders in adult patients: experience from a tertiary center in Kosovo.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zaim Gashi

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Interatrial septal disorders, which include: atrial septal defect, patent foramen ovale and atrial septal aneurysm, are frequent congenital anomalies found in adult patients. Early detection of these anomalies is important to prevent their hemodynamic and/or thromboembolic consequences. The aims of this study were: to assess the association between impulse conduction disorders and anomalies of interatrial septum; to determine the prevalence of different types of interatrial septum abnormalities; to assess anatomic, hemodynamic, and clinical consequences of interatrial septal pathologies. Fifty-three adult patients with impulse conduction disorders and patients without ECG changes but with signs of interatrial septal abnormalities, who were referred to our center for echocardiography, were included in a prospective transesophageal echocardiography study. Intera trial septal anomalies were detected in around 85% of the examined patients.

  19. Association of interatrial septal abnormalities with cardiac impulse conduction disorders in adult patients: experience from a tertiary center in Kosovo.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bakalli, Aurora; Pllana, Ejup; Koçinaj, Dardan; Bekteshi, Tefik; Dragusha, Gani; Gashi, Masar; Musliu, Nebih; Gashi, Zaim

    2011-01-01

    INTERATRIAL SEPTAL DISORDERS, WHICH INCLUDE: atrial septal defect, patent foramen ovale and atrial septal aneurysm, are frequent congenital anomalies found in adult patients. Early detection of these anomalies is important to prevent their hemodynamic and/or thromboembolic consequences. The aims of this study were: to assess the association between impulse conduction disorders and anomalies of interatrial septum; to determine the prevalence of different types of interatrial septum abnormalities; to assess anatomic, hemodynamic, and clinical consequences of interatrial septal pathologies. Fifty-three adult patients with impulse conduction disorders and patients without ECG changes but with signs of interatrial septal abnormalities, who were referred to our center for echocardiography, were included in a prospective transesophageal echocardiography study. Interatrial septal anomalies were detected in around 85% of the examined patients. Patent foramen ovale was encountered in 32% of the patients, and in combination with atrial septal aneurysm in an additional 11.3% of cases. Atrial septal aneurysm and atrial septal defect were diagnosed with equal frequency in 20.7% of our study population. Impulse conduction disorders were significantly more suggestive of interatrial septal anomalies than clinical signs and symptoms observed in our patients (84.91% vs 30.19%, P=0.002). Right bundle branch block was the most frequent impulse conduction disorder, found in 41 (77.36%) cases. We conclude that interatrial septal anomalies are highly associated with impulse conduction disorders, particularly with right bundle branch block. Impulse conduction disorders are more indicative of interatrial septal abnormalities in earlier stages than can be understood from the patient's clinical condition. PMID:21977304

  20. Congenital heart defect corrective surgeries

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... open Arrhythmias Atrial septal defect (ASD) Breathing difficulty Cardiac catheterization Cardiovascular Coarctation of the aorta Congenital heart disease Heart failure - overview Heart transplant Hypoplastic left heart syndrome Patent ductus arteriosus Pediatric ...

  1. Value of transthoracic echocardiography on guiding occlusion of soft-rim atrial septal defect%经胸超声心动图指导软缘房间隔缺损封堵的价值

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张军; 李军; 石晶; 张玉顺; 左健; 代政学; 李寰; 朱霆

    2008-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the feasibility and effect of transthoracic echocardiography(TTE)on guiding the occlusion of the soft-rim atrial septal defect(ASD).Methods Sixty two patients with the soft-rim ASD were enrolled.The size of ASD was measured and rim of ASD was observed by TTE on various views by using color Doppler system with tissue harmonic function before occlusion,and filmy rim of ASD with flapping which could not sustain occluder was eliminated.The size of occluder was selected by integratively judging the size of ASD and"sustainable diameter of ASD"The waist size of occluder was measured after releasing occluder and compared with the longest diameter of ASD and"sustainable diameter of ASD"measured by TTE.Results The longest diameter of ASD measured by TTE before occlusion was 11-35 mm[average(21.6±5.2)mm],the "sustainable diameter of ASD"was 15-37 mm[average(25.6±5.(J)mm],the size of selected occluder was 18-44mm[average(30.7±5.5)mini and the waist size of released occluder was 13-35 mm[average(24.2±5.6)mm].Fine correlation was existed between the longest diameter of ASD measured by TTE and the waist size of released occluder(r=0.86,P<0.000I).Morever,improved correlation was found between the"sustainable diameter of ASD"measured by TTE and the waist size of released occluder(r=0.89,P<0.0001).Occluder was firmly fixed without falling in all patients.Conclusions TTE with tissue harmonic function can be used to measure the size of soft-rim ASD and the"sustainable diameter of ASD".It is a feasible,and effective method on guiding occlusion of soft-rim ASD.%目的 评价经胸超声心动图(TTE)指导软缘房间隔缺损(ASD)封堵术的可行性和作用.方法 62例软缘ASD患者,术前用彩色多普勒超声心动图结合组织谐波功能经胸测量各切面ASD大小及观察周缘软硬情况,将菲薄且来回明显摆动、无支撑力的软缘剔除测量"ASD支撑径".再根据ASD大小和"ASD支撑径"大小综合判断选择适当的

  2. Radiofrequency catheter ablation of atrial tachycardia after repairing of the ventricular septal defect in pediatrics%儿童室间隔修补术后远期心房内折返性心动过速的消融

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高路; 袁越; 林利; 崔烺; 姚焰

    2011-01-01

    目的 报道儿童先天性心脏病室间隔缺损(VSD)术后远期出现的心房内折返性心动过速(IART)的电生理标测及导管消融疗效.方法 8例患儿(男、女各4例),平均年龄(7.1±4.1)岁,VSD术后1~5年发生持续性IART,8例均有左心室扩大,其中5例合并慢性心力衰竭.行心房电生理标测,部分应用三维标测( EnSite NavX)技术,标测折返环的关键峡部并行导管消融.结果 8例均自发IART,折返环关键部位分布:6例位于三尖瓣环峡部,1例于右心房界嵴至下腔静脉间,1例于三尖瓣环9点位置至界嵴间.所有(100%)患儿手术即刻成功,无并发症.平均随访(25.2±16.5)个月,2例复发,其中1例再次消融成功,总成功率7/8( 87.5%).左心室大小及射血分数均明显好转.结论 儿童VSD术后IART机制多为三尖瓣环-下腔静脉峡部依赖型心房扑动,可经导管消融治愈或明显改善.三维标测技术能准确快速定位折返环的电生理峡部并指导消融,显著减少曝光时间.%Objective This study aimed to investigate the effects of electrophysiological study(EPS) and radiofrequency (RF) catheter ablation of intra-atrial reentrant tachycardia (IART) after repairing the congenital ventricular septal defect (VSD) in pediatrics.Methods Eight children (4 boys,and 4 girls,mean age 7.1 ± 4.1 years),who experienced incessant IART 1-5 years after VSD surgery,underwent EPS and RF ablation.All children had dilated left ventricle ( LV),and 5 of 8 demonstrated severely LV dilation and congestive heart failure before ablation.RF energy was delivered to the critical isthmus of the reentry circuit of IART.Results All children have spontaneous AT at the beginning of the procedure.All of the IARTs was macro-reentrant mechanism.The critical isthmus was located at the isthmus between inferior vena cava(IVC)-tricuspid valve annulus (TVA)in 6,between the crista teminalis(CT)and IVC in 1,and between CT and 9 o' clock of TVA in 1.RF ablation was

  3. Cirurgia valvar mitral e da comunicação interatrial: abordagem minimamente invasiva ou por esternotomia Mitral valve and atrial septal defect surgery: minimally invasive or sternotomy approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Josué V. Castro Neto

    2012-08-01

    atrial septal defect (ASD. METHODS: Forty patients underwent surgery for correction of MV disease or ASD. Patients were divided into group A (GA (n=20, access by right minithoracotomy and video-assistance; and group B (GB (n=20, access by full MS. Aortic cross-clamp and cardiopulmonary bypass time, intensive care unit (ICU time, hospital stay and morbidity were compared in this prospective study . RESULTS: Fifteen patients were submitted to MV procedures and five to ASD corrections in each group. There were 9 mitral replacements (7 bioprostetic and 2 mechanical and 6 repairs in GA, and 10 (all bioprostetic and five in GB. The mean aortic cross-clamp and cardiopulmonary bypass time, in minutes, were 65.1 ± 29.3 in GA and 50.2 ± 21.4 in GB (p=0.074; and 91.8±35 in GA and 63.7±27.3 in GB ( p=0.008. The mean ICU time, in hours, were 51.7 ± 16.3 in GA and 55.8±17.5 in GB (p=0.45. The in hospital stay, in days, were 5.2 ± 1 in GA and 6.4±1.5 in GB (p=0.009. CONCLUSION: MI access for correction of the MV disease and ASD implicated in a longer cardiopulmonary bypass time for finalization of the main procedure, nevertheless it didn´t affect patient's recuperation. MI treated patients were discharged earlier than sternotomy treated patients.

  4. Inlay Approach for the Infant with Ventricular Septal Defect%镶嵌技术治疗婴幼儿室间隔缺损的效果观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜明泽; 游昕; 莫绪明

    2015-01-01

    Objective To investigate the feasibility and safety of inlay approach treatment for infant with ventricular septal defect(VSD).Methods Retrospective analysis on 279 infant from PLA 454th Hospital with VSD who received inlay approach from Jun.2010 to Dec.2013,was done.According to whether cardiop-ulmonary bypass was involved, they were divided into off-pump group ( 201 cases ) , and on-pump group (78 cases) .And 65 cases who received conventional VSD repair on-pump during the same period were included as control group.Operation time, postoperative mechanical ventilation time, intensive care unit (ICU) stay time,postoperative hospital stay,the rate of complications in perioperative period and the total cost of hospitalization of the three groups were compared .Results All of the three groups had no death dur-ing perioperative period.Operation time,postoperative mechanical ventilation time,ICU stay time,postopera-tive hospital stay of off-pump inlay approach group were (1.3 ±0.4) h,(2.5 ±0.8) h,(17.8 ±3.8) h, (6.7 ±1.7) d,which were shorter than those in the control group [(3.0 ±0.5) h,(13.6 ±6.6) h, (38.4 ±4.2) h,(12.0 ±1.8) d] and inlay approach group with cardiopulmonary bypass [(2.7 ±0.4) h, (47.1 ±22.8) h,(58.9 ±26.0) h,(11.6 ±3.0) d],the difference were statistically significant(P <0.05).The rate of complications in perioperative period of off-pump inlay approach group were lower than control group and on-pump inlay approach group(P<0.05).Conclusion Inlay approach has the advanta-ges of good safety,fewer complications for the infant with VSD.%目的:探讨镶嵌技术治疗婴幼儿室间隔缺损( VSD)的可行性与安全性。方法回顾性分析2010年6月至2013年12月解放军第四五四医院心胸外科采用镶嵌技术治疗279例婴幼儿 VSD的临床资料,按是否有体外循环参与分为非体外循环组(201例)、体外循环组(78例)。以同期常规体外循环下VSD修补手术65例作为对照组。对比3

  5. Aorta-pulmonary septal defect and aortic origin of the right pulmonary artery with interruption of the aortic arch: a clinical analysis of 5 cases%主-肺动脉间隔缺损及右肺动脉起源于升主动脉合并主动脉弓离断(附5例报告)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张刚成; 韩霞; 李艳萍; 陶凉

    2011-01-01

    Objective Reviewing the experience in the diagnosis and treatment of cases with aorta-pulmonary septal defect and aortic origin of right pulmonary artery complicated with interruption of the aortic arch. Methods Reviewed clinical data from medical records for5 patients (4 boys and 1 girl, age from 1 to 18 years on admission) who had been treated in Wuhan Asia Heart Hospital between 2005 and 2009. Results All cases had type A interruption of the aortic arch ( according to Celoria and Patron's Classification) , type Ⅱ aorta-pulmonary septal defect( according to Mori Classification) and aortic origin of right pulmonary artery complicated with interruption of the aortic arch. Large patent ductus arteries were observed in all cases,and no cardiac abnormality such as ventricular septal defect was found. All patients received echocardiography and spiral CT examination, and 3 of them over 10 years of age received cardiac catheterization and angiography for the evaluation of the pulmonary artery pressure. Two patients, at the age of 14 and 18 years, had severe pulmonary hypertension and declined to receive the operation. One of the 2 cases had hemoptysis and was given prostacyclin ( Iloprost solution for inhalation, a drug for pulmonary artery hypertention ) for reducing the pulmonary pressure. The patient now has an improved cardiac fu0ction without recurrent hemoptysis. One 14-year-old case gave up the operation because of the financial problem and failed to communicate with us after discharge. Radical surgery was performed in the remaining three cases, one had serious infection in the lung and died 11 days after the operation, in one case ( 2 years old) pulmonary artery hypertension has been persisted even though drug therapy was given for a long time and was found at a poor cardiac function 18 months after the operation. One patient recovered well under routine drug therapy and has been followed-up. Conclusion Aorta-pulmonary septal defect and aortic origin of right

  6. Alveolar septal pulmonary amyloidosis: a case report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Primary pulmonary amyloidosis is a rare diesase, and is classified as either tracheobronchial or parenchymal; the latter is also divided into nodular and diffuse alveolar septal forms. The alveolar septal form is extremely rare and usually produces reticular and nodular opacities. We describe a case of alveolar septal pulmonary amyloidosis manifested as multiple small nodules on chest radiograph and disseminated micronodules mainly in centrilobular and subpleural location without reticular opacities, on HRCT

  7. Nasal Septal Deviation and Facial Skeletal Asymmetries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hartman, Christopher; Holton, Nathan; Miller, Steven; Yokley, Todd; Marshall, Steven; Srinivasan, Sreedevi; Southard, Thomas

    2016-03-01

    During ontogeny, the nasal septum exerts a morphogenetic influence on the surrounding facial skeleton. While the influence of the septum is well established in long snouted animal models, its role in human facial growth is less clear. If the septum is a facial growth center in humans, we would predict that deviated septal growth would be associated with facial skeletal asymmetries. Using computed tomographic (CT) scans of n = 55 adult subjects, the purpose of this study was to test whether there is a correlation between septal deviation and facial asymmetries using three-dimensional (3D) geometric morphometric techniques. We calculated deviation as a percentage of septal volume relative to the volume of a modeled non-deviated septum. We then recorded skeletal landmarks representing the nasal, palatal, and lateral facial regions. Landmark data were superimposed using Procrustes analysis. First, we examined the correlation between nasal septal deviation and the overall magnitude of asymmetry. Next, we assessed whether there was a relationship between nasal septal deviation and more localized aspects of asymmetry using multivariate regression analysis. Our results indicate that while there was no correlation between septal deviation and the overall magnitude of asymmetry, septal deviation was associated with asymmetry primarily in the nasal floor and the palatal region. Septal deviation was unassociated with asymmetries in the lateral facial skeleton. Though we did not test the causal relationship between nasal septal deviation and facial asymmetry, our results suggest that the nasal septum may have an influence on patterns of adult facial form. PMID:26677010

  8. Radionuclide assessment of left ventricular perfusion and function after percutaneous translumial septal myocardial ablation in patients with hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical value of 99Tcm-MIBI myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) and equilibrium radionuclide angiography (ERNA) in patients with hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM) who underwent percutaneous translumial septal myocardial ablation (PTSMA). Methods: Eight patients (5 men, 3 women) with symptomatic HOCM underwent rest 99Tcm-MIBI MPI and ERNA before and after PTSMA. The septal-to-lateral counts ratio and the extent of septal perfusion defect of the left ventricle were calculated from MPI. The left ventricular ejection fraction (EF), peak filling rate (PFR) and septal regional EF were measured from ERNA. Results: 99Tcm-MIBI MPI showed increased septa199Tcm-MIBI uptake before PTSMA in all patients, but septal perfusion defects after PTSMA in 7 patients. The count-activity ratio of the septal-to-lateral wall decreased from 1.15±0.11 to 0.76±0.14 (p0.05 ]. Conclusion: MPI and ERNA are useful for the assessment of myocardial pefusion and change of left ventricular function after PTSMA in patients with HOCM. (authors)

  9. Surgical treatment of persistent tertiary hyperparathyroidism induced by parathyroid adenomas in the aortopulmonary window

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena Alekseevna Ilyicheva

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Background. Aortopulmonary window is a rare localization of ectopic parathyroid glands. This localization is the difficulty in diagnosis and surgical treatment, especially in conditions of the heavy somatic pathology that develops with prolonged of kidney replacement therapy. Persistence of tertiary hyperparathyroidism after cervical revision does not give in medical treatment, accompanied by the progression of bone and systemic symptoms of the disease, including death.Materials and Methods. Illustrates a case successful diagnosis and surgical treatment this rare disease. We discuss the treatment and diagnostic tactics. Female patient (age 66 had the experience of peritoneal dialysis for 6 years. She underwent cervical parathyroidectomy. Ectopic mediastinal paratiroma detected by gamma scintigraphy (from 99mTc-MIBI. Determination of the exact tumor location proved to be impossible before the surgery due to bad mental condition of the patient. Localization of adenomas was defined on the surgery after a sternotomy. Results. Operation efficiency proved decrease parathyroid hormone from 2095 pg / ml (before operation to 10 pg / ml (1.5 months after surgery. After surgery, there was a mediastinal hematoma. The patient was discharged 21 days after surgery healed by.Conclusions. The use a sternotomy leads to the removal of the tumor. This access may be used when an unknown location. This access is a forced for tertiary hyperparathyroidism.

  10. Combining rhinoplasty with septal perforation repair.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foda, Hossam M T; Magdy, Emad A

    2006-11-01

    A combined septal perforation repair and rhinoplasty was performed in 80 patients presenting with septal perforations (size 1 to 5 cm) and external nasal deformities. The external rhinoplasty approach was used for all cases and the perforation was repaired using bilateral intranasal mucosal advancement flaps with a connective tissue interposition graft in between. Complete closure of the perforation was achieved in 90% of perforations of size up to 3.5 cm and in only 70% of perforations that were larger than 3.5 cm. Cosmetically, 95% were very satisfied with their aesthetic result. The external rhinoplasty approach proved to be very helpful in the process of septal perforation repair especially in large and posteriorly located perforations and in cases where the caudal septal cartilage was previously resected. Our results show that septal perforation repair can be safely combined with rhinoplasty and that some of the routine rhinoplasty maneuvers, such as medial osteotomies and dorsal lowering, could even facilitate the process of septal perforation repair. PMID:17131270

  11. [OPTIMIZATION OF THE SURGICAL TREATMENT RESULTS IN CONOTRUNCAL CARDIAC FAILURES IN LARGE AORTO-PULMONARY COLLATERAL ARTERIES].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bablyak, O D

    2015-09-01

    The results of surgical treatment of 83 patients, suffering conotruncal cardiac failures and large aorto-pulmonary collateral arteries, were analyzed. In 2007 - 2014 yrs a radical correction of the failure (RCF) was performed in 53 (64%) of them. RCF was achieved, using three surgical approaches. The algorithm of a surgical approach choice was introduced, guaranteeing the operation time shortening and artificial blood circulation application, have improved the course of early postoperative period. It was proved, that improvement of surgical results is possible, if a correct surgical tactic choosed and surgical approaches rationally applied. PMID:26817084

  12. Classificação anatômica e correção cirúrgica da atresia pulmonar com comunicação interventricular Anatomical classification and surgical repair of the pulmonary atresia with ventricular septal defect

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ulisses Alexandre CROTI

    2001-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Analisar as características anatômicas, o resultado das técnicas empregadas na correção cirúrgica de acordo com o número de procedimentos, assim como a mortalidade em cada grupo da classificação de Barbero-Marcial para atresia pulmonar com comunicação interventricular. CASUÍSTICA E MÉTODOS: De janeiro de 1990 a novembro de 1999, 73 pacientes que foram submetidos a estudo cineangiocardiográfico previamente à primeira intervenção cirúrgica, foram analisados. As características anatômicas das artérias pulmonares e artérias colaterais sistêmico-pulmonares, assim como as técnicas cirúrgicas que propiciaram tratamento paliativo, "paliativo definitivo" e definitivo foram estudadas. As causas de mortalidade também foram descritas. RESULTADOS: Dezenove pacientes apresentavam os segmentos pulmonares supridos por artérias pulmonares (grupo A, 45 por artérias pulmonares e artérias colaterais sistêmico-pulmonares (grupo B e 9 somente por artérias colaterais sistêmico-pulmonares (grupo C. O grupo A apresentou maior proporção de tratamentos definitivos, o grupo B maior proporção de paliativos e o grupo C, maior proporção de "paliativos definitivos" (pOBJECTIVE: To analyze the morphological aspects, the surgical results obtained according to the number of procedures, and the mortality in each group of Barbero-Marcial´s classification of the pulmonary atresia with ventricular septal defect. MATERIAL E METHODS: From January 1990 to November 1999, 73 patients submitted to cardiac catheterization and detailed pulmonary angiographic study before the first surgical intervention were analyzed. The anatomical characteristics of the pulmonary arteries and major aorticopulmonary collaterals, as the surgical techniques of definitive, palliative and "definitive palliative" were studied. The causes of mortality were also described. RESULTS: Nineteen patients had all the pulmonary segments supplied by pulmonary arteries (group

  13. Individual contrast medium injection protocol for coronary CT angiography in atrial septal defect patients%房间隔缺损患者行冠状动脉CTA检查的个性化对比剂注射方案研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋会军; 王宏宇; 侯志辉; 吴言伶; 韩磊; 吕滨

    2012-01-01

    目的:探讨房间隔缺损患者行冠状动脉CTA检查的理想对比剂注射方案.方法:将连续90例拟行介入治疗或外科手术治疗中老年房间隔缺损患者,于术前行冠状动脉CTA检查,依据不同的对比剂注射方案将患者随机分为3组.A组:单期相注射方案(仅注射基础量对比剂,不注射生理盐水);B组:双期相注射方案(先注射基础量对比剂,后以40mL生理盐水冲洗);C组:三期相注射方案(先注射基础量对比剂,后注射30%生理盐水与对比剂的混合物30mL,最后注射40mL生理盐水冲洗).基础量对比剂按1mL/kg计算,注射流率均为5.0mL/s.比较3组方案CTA图像上冠状动脉及左、右心系统的CT值及房间隔缺损的可评估性.结果:3组患者在平均年龄、体重及心率方面差异无显著性意义.各组患者冠状动脉、升主动脉及左心房、左心室的CT值差异无显著性意义(P>0.05),但各组右心房、右心室及肺动脉的CT值均数大于250HU;此外,B组对比剂用量明显低于其它2组(P<0.05),房间隔缺损量化评分高于C组(P<0.05).结论:双期注射方案由于对比剂用量减少,利于房间隔缺损评估,因而是房间隔缺损患者行冠状动脉CTA检查的理想的对比剂注射方案.%Objective:To determine the individual protocol for dual source CT contrast enhanced cardiac imaging for better visualization of both coronary artery and atrial septal defect. Methods; A total of ninety consecutive patients were in eluded in this prospective study. Each 30 patients were assigned to use a different contrast protocol: group Ⅰ: monophasic protocol (basic contrast injection without saline chaser) with a single syringe injector; group Ⅱ: biphasic protocol (basic contrast injection + saline chaser 40mL) with a dual syringe injector; group Ⅲ:triphasic protocol (basic contrast media+ 30% saline to contrast medium mixture 30mL+ saline chaser 40mL) with a dual syringe injector. The basic contrast media was

  14. Myocardial blood flow and V/sub O2/ in conscious lambs with an aortopulmonary shunt

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The authors measured myocardial blood flow (q/sub LVFW/) using radioactively-labeled microspheres and O2 consumption of the left ventricular free wall (V/sub O2, LVFW/) in 13 chronically instrumented, 7-wk-old lambs with an aortopulmonary left-to-right shunt (S) and in 10 control lamps without a shunt (C). The measured V/sub O2, LVFW/ was compared with the calculated values obtained by two predictive indexes, the rate-pressure product (RPP) and the pressure-work index (PWI). Measured V/sub O2, LVFW/ in S lambs was significantly higher than in C lambs. This was achieved by the significantly higher q/sub LVFW/, since the arteriovenous O2 difference across the left ventricular free wall was similar in both groups of lambs. Total coronary blood flow per unit body mass in S lambs was higher than in C lambs, not only because of the increased V/sub O2, LVFW/ per unit muscle mass, but also because of the increased total heart weight. Correct estimation of V/sub O2/, LVFW/ by means of the RPP and the PWI was only possible in C lambs. In S lambs the estimated values were significantly lower than the measured ones. They conclude that since V/sub O2, LVFW/ in S lambs is twice as high as in C lambs, the data support the view that a volume load caused by a left-to-right shunt may have a more profound effect on myocardial O2 consumption than could be anticipated on the basis of previous work

  15. Transient ST-segment-elevation during transcatheter closure of atrial septal defect(ASD) with ASD occluder made in China: A report of two cases%国产封堵器闭合房间隔缺损过程中的短暂ST段抬高2例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王显; 胡大一; 孙琪; 谭琛

    2008-01-01

    目的 国产房间隔封堵器闭合房间隔缺损的安全性和有效性已得到证实.我们报告在使用国产封堵器闭合房间隔缺损过程中出现的短暂ST段抬高现象2例.方法 适合进行经皮封堵术的房间隔缺损患者35例,使用北京华医圣杰公司生产的房间隔封堵器进行封堵.术前经胸超声充分评估缺损的大小、位置、与周围结构的距离以及房间隔的软硬边缘等,选择封堵器要与缺损的伸展直径相匹配.手术过程在局部麻醉或者基础麻醉下进行,术中使用经胸超声引导.封堵器释放后有效闭合缺损、位置稳定且不影响周边结构视为手术成功.术后3,6,12月进行随访.结果 在35例患者中有2例在封堵器释放过程中,出现短暂性ST段抬高超过2 mV,伴有心绞痛发作.心电图改变和症状发作平均持续时间(4.2±2.2)min,2例心电图改变均发生于Ⅱ,Ⅲ和aVF导联,此过程伴有心率减慢和血压降低.静脉注射硝酸甘油后心电图和症状没有得到即刻改善,但封堵器沿鞘管被收回后心电图立即改善、症状逐渐消失.换用较小型号的封堵器闭合房间隔缺损后,没有引起任何血流动力学异常和短暂性心电图改变.随访3,6,12月没有发现心肌缺血和心绞痛发作.结论 经导管闭合房间隔缺损过程中出现的短暂ST段抬高现象,可能与所选封堵器直径过大,刺激房间隔有关.%AIM The safety and efficacy of atrial septal defect (ASD) occluder(ASDO) made in China for transeatheter closure of ASD have investigated prospectively. We report the phenomenon of transient ST-segment-elevation(TSTE) during transcatheter closure of ASD with ASDO made in China in this single-centre study. METHODS A total of 35 consecutive patients in whom a septal defect occluder (Huayishengjie Inc. , Beijing, China) was used to close a clinically significant ASD were included in our study. All procedures performed under basic or local anaesthesia

  16. Evaluation of the changes of right ventricular volume and function by using single beat real-time 3-D echocardiography in patients with atrial septal defect before and after percutaneous closure%单心动周期三维超声评价房间隔缺损患者封堵术前后右室容积和功能

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陶文鸿; 郭其凤; 曹永政; 曾炜

    2014-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the changes of right ventricular (RV) volume and function by using single beat real-time three dimensional (3-D) echocardiography in patients with atrial septal defect (ASD) before and after percutaneous closure. Methods During the period from July 2011 to Oct. 2013, a total of 45 patients with pure ostium secundum defect were admitted to authors’ hospital to receive percutaneous transcatheter closer. The patients were divided into ASD without pulmonary hypertension (PH) group (group A, n = 28) and ASD with PH group (group B, n = 17). By using 3-D echocardiography and right cardiac catheterization, the right ventricular end-diastolic volume (RVEDV), right ventricular end-systolic volume (RVESV), right ventricular stroke volume (RVSV), right ventricular ejection fraction (RVEF), right ventricular cardiac output (RVCO), pulmonary artery systolic pressure (PASP) and the mean pulmonary artery pressure (mPAP) were determined before and after the percutaneous transcatheter closer. The results were compared between the two groups. Results After the treatment a statistically significant reduction in RVEDV, RVESV, RVSV and RVCO were seen in all patients (P 0.05). Pulmonary artery pressure (PAP) decreased significantly in group B after ASD closure when compared with that obtained before Objective To evaluate the changes of right ventricular (RV) volume and function by using single beat real-time three dimensional (3-D) echocardiography in patients with atrial septal defect (ASD) before and after percutaneous closure. Methods During the period from July 2011 to Oct. 2013, a total of 45 patients with pure ostium secundum defect were admitted to authors’ hospital to receive percutaneous transcatheter closer. The patients were divided into ASD without pulmonary hypertension (PH) group (group A, n = 28) and ASD with PH group (group B, n = 17). By using 3-D echocardiography and right cardiac catheterization, the right ventricular end-diastolic volume

  17. Virtual Cardiac Surgery Using CFD: Application to Septal Myectomy in Obstructive Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vedula, Vijay; Mittal, Rajat; Abraham, Theodore

    2011-11-01

    Obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HOCM) is characterized by ventricular wall thickening, diastolic dysfunction, and dynamic outflow tract obstruction, all of which strongly influence the vortex dynamics and pressure distribution in the left ventricle (LV). Severe cases of HCM are usually managed through septal myectomy where the surgeon resects the hypertrophic mass. Surgeons currently try to remove as much tissue as possible in order to optimize the post surgical result. However, excessive debulking increases the chance of ventricular septal defects, bundle branch block or complete heart block, and aneurysmal septal thinning. On the other hand, insufficient tissue removal also leads to unsatisfactory outcomes in terms of reduction of outflow tract pressure gradient. Knowing how much muscle to remove and where to remove it from could reduce the likelihood of complications and suboptimal outcomes. In the present study, we employ an immersed boundary solver to model the effect of septal myectomy for ventricles with HOCM and demonstrate the potential of such an approach for surgical planning. Computational resources were provided by the National Institute of Computational Science under Tergrid grant number TG-CTS100002.

  18. Estudo comparativo entre a miniesternotomia em "L" invertido e esternotomia longitudinal total na correção cirúrgica da comunicação interatrial Comparative study between inverted "L" mini-sternotomy and complete sternotomy for the surgical treatment of the atrial septal defect (ASD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiz Cláudio Nery Sampaio

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Comparar os resultados obtidos entre duas vias de acesso cirúrgico em pacientes submetidos à correção cirúrgica de comunicação interatrial (CIA. MÉTODO: Foram distribuídos 20 pacientes, com média de idade de 24,1±14,2 anos, em dois grupos. No grupo A, 10 pacientes (80% do sexo feminino, com média de idade de 20,9 ± 12,0 anos foram submetidos à correção da CIA por meio de uma esternotomia longitudinal total. No grupo B, 10 pacientes (80% do sexo feminino, com média de idade de 27,4 ± 16,1 anos foram submetidos à correção da CIA através de miniesternotomia em "L" invertido. Foi considerado significativo p OBJECTIVE: To compare the results obtained from two distinct surgical approaches in patients undergoing surgical correction of an atrial septal defect (ASD. METHOD: The study series consisted of 20 patients, with a mean age of 24.1±14.2 years, distributed in two groups. In group A, 10 patients (80% female, with a mean age of 20.9±12.0 years underwent surgical correction of ASD through a complete sternotomy. In group B, 10 patients (80% female, with mean age of 27.4±16.1 years, were operated through an inverted "L" mini-sternotomy. A p-value < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. RESULTS: There was no statistical significance for demographics variables, duration of surgery, cardiopulmonary bypass time, clamping time, amount of cardioplegia administered, thoracic drainage, ICU stay, duration of mechanical ventilatory support, amount of blood and its components transfused, arrhythmia or pacemaker usage. There was statistical significance (p= 0.00001 between incision size performed by complete sternotomy (group A and inverted "L" mini-sternotomy (group B, with mean incision size of 15.7±0.8 e 6.8±0.6cm, respectively. There was a difference in the mean hospital stay between the groups but without statistical significance (7.5±1.6 days in group A and 6.4±1.3 days in group B, with a p-value = 0.12. There

  19. Use of Pulmonary Hypertension Medications in Patients with Tetralogy of Fallot with Pulmonary Atresia and Multiple Aortopulmonary Collaterals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grant, Elena K; Berger, John T

    2016-02-01

    Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) with pulmonary atresia (PA) and multiple aortopulmonary collaterals (MAPCAs) is a rare and severe form of congenital heart disease with poor prognosis. Aortopulmonary collaterals expose pulmonary arterioles to systemic pressure resulting in pulmonary hypertension (PH). To date, reports regarding the role of PH medications in this population are sparse. The objective of this study was to assess the effect of PH medications in patients with TOF, PA and MAPCAs or similar anatomy, with emphasis on symptoms, echocardiography and invasive hemodynamics. A retrospective review was performed for patients at a single tertiary care pediatric center. Twelve of 66 patients were treated with PH medications (18 %), and eight of these patients had adequate follow-up for further analysis. Median age at last follow-up was 6 years (range 1.4-21 years). Median length of therapy with PH medication was 4 years (range 0.3-17 years). PH medications included sildenafil, bosentan, ambrisentan, inhaled treprostinil and prostacyclin infusion. PH therapy was associated with improvement in symptoms in all patients and improvement in PH by hemodynamic measures in the majority of patients. All patients underwent at least one cardiac intervention by catheterization or surgery while taking PH medication. Two patients died from non-PH-related causes. The remaining six patients are alive and remain on PH medication. This review indicates that PH medications are well tolerated by this patient group and provide symptomatic improvement. Further studies are required to determine whether PH medications provide long-term survival benefit for patients with complex congenital heart disease. PMID:26511384

  20. Endocarditis and Incomplete Endothelialization 12 Years after Amplatzer Septal Occluder Deployment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nguyen, Allan K; Palafox, Brian A; Starr, Joanne P; Gates, Richard N; Berdjis, Farbouch

    2016-06-01

    A 4-year-old boy had a 15-mm atrial septal defect repaired percutaneously with use of an Amplatzer Septal Occluder. At age 16 years, he presented with a week's history of fever, chills, dyspnea, fatigue, and malaise. Cultures grew methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus. A transesophageal echocardiogram showed a 1.25 × 1.5-cm pedunculated mass on the left aspect of the atrial septum just superior to the mitral valve, and a smaller vegetation on the right inferior medial aspect of the septum. At surgery, visual examination of both sides of the septum revealed granulation tissue, the pedunculated mass, the small vegetation, and exposed metal wires that suggested incomplete endothelialization of the occluder. We removed the occluder and patched the septal defect. The patient returned to full activity after 4 months and was asymptomatic 3 years postoperatively. Our report reinforces the need for further investigation into prosthetic device endothelialization, endocarditis prophylaxis, and recommended levels of physical activity in patients whose devices might be incompletely endothelialized. In addition to reporting our patient's case, we review the medical literature on this topic. PMID:27303238

  1. Does asymptomatic septal agenesis exist? A review of 34 cases

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Primary septal agenesis (PSA) is a rare brain malformation that can be isolated or part of developmental brain abnormalities (holoprosencephaly, septo-optic dysplasia or cortical malformation). Such associated malformation can be subtle, leading to difficulties in the prenatal management of PSA. Moreover, the neurological prognosis of isolated PSA remains debatable. The aims of the study were to specify the patterns and frequency of brain malformations associated with septal agenesis (SA), to identify the clinical prognosis, and to discuss the aetiology of PSA with the new insights provided by molecular genetics. The study consisted of a 14-year retrospective review of brain MRI in 34 patients having PSA (mean age, 5 years). Chiasm and optic nerves were not evaluated. Post-hydrocephalus SA or incomplete data were excluded. The clinical data were correlated to the MRI patterns. The study disclosed 82.5% associated lesions with MRI (28/34): 11 neuronal migration disorders, 9 holoprosencephalies (HP), 7 pituitary stalk interruptions, 1 corpus callosum partial agenesis; 17.5% (6/34) of cases were apparently isolated PAS. Clinically, the patients had motor dysfunction in 68% (23/34), mental retardation in 65% (22/34), blindness in 24% (8/34), endocrinological defects in 21% (7/34) and epilepsy in 18% (6/34) of cases. Nine percent of patients (3/34) were neurologically normal (including one with scoliosis and two infants younger than 2 years at the last follow-up). Patients with bilateral cortical anomalies and HP (even if mild) had the worst neurological prognosis. A severe motor impairment was present without evidence of hemispheric anomaly in 12% of patients (4/34). Interestingly, the frontal lobes were involved in 90% of cortical anomalies and HP, supporting the malformative aetiology of PSA. PSA rarely appears isolated and severe psychomotor impairment may occur in apparently isolated forms. These unfavourable results should be highlighted and need to be confirmed

  2. Does asymptomatic septal agenesis exist? A review of 34 cases

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Belhocine, Ouardia; Andre, Christine; Kalifa, Gabriel; Adamsbaum, Catherine [St Vincent de Paul Hospital, Radiology Department, Paris (France)

    2005-04-01

    Primary septal agenesis (PSA) is a rare brain malformation that can be isolated or part of developmental brain abnormalities (holoprosencephaly, septo-optic dysplasia or cortical malformation). Such associated malformation can be subtle, leading to difficulties in the prenatal management of PSA. Moreover, the neurological prognosis of isolated PSA remains debatable. The aims of the study were to specify the patterns and frequency of brain malformations associated with septal agenesis (SA), to identify the clinical prognosis, and to discuss the aetiology of PSA with the new insights provided by molecular genetics. The study consisted of a 14-year retrospective review of brain MRI in 34 patients having PSA (mean age, 5 years). Chiasm and optic nerves were not evaluated. Post-hydrocephalus SA or incomplete data were excluded. The clinical data were correlated to the MRI patterns. The study disclosed 82.5% associated lesions with MRI (28/34): 11 neuronal migration disorders, 9 holoprosencephalies (HP), 7 pituitary stalk interruptions, 1 corpus callosum partial agenesis; 17.5% (6/34) of cases were apparently isolated PAS. Clinically, the patients had motor dysfunction in 68% (23/34), mental retardation in 65% (22/34), blindness in 24% (8/34), endocrinological defects in 21% (7/34) and epilepsy in 18% (6/34) of cases. Nine percent of patients (3/34) were neurologically normal (including one with scoliosis and two infants younger than 2 years at the last follow-up). Patients with bilateral cortical anomalies and HP (even if mild) had the worst neurological prognosis. A severe motor impairment was present without evidence of hemispheric anomaly in 12% of patients (4/34). Interestingly, the frontal lobes were involved in 90% of cortical anomalies and HP, supporting the malformative aetiology of PSA. PSA rarely appears isolated and severe psychomotor impairment may occur in apparently isolated forms. These unfavourable results should be highlighted and need to be confirmed

  3. Asymmetric septal hypertrophy and hypothyroidism in children.

    OpenAIRE

    Altman, D I; Murray, J.; Milner, S.; Dansky, R; Levin, S. E.

    1985-01-01

    Any echocardiographic study of two children with hypothyroidism demonstrated the presence of asymmetric septal hypertrophy. One child died aged 11 months, and pronounced thickening of the interventricular septum was confirmed at necropsy. There was also hypertrophy of the left ventricular free wall. Histological examination showed only slight muscle fibre disarray, but there was striking vacuolation and hypertrophy of muscle fibres. In the second case, a child aged five years, the asymmetric ...

  4. Could early septal involvement in the remodeling process be related to the advance hypertensive heart disease?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fatih Yalçin

    2015-06-01

    Conclusions: LV diastolic dysfunction becomes more severe in septal wall than lateral wall in hypertensive LVH. Septal myocardial performance is more dominantly affected by hypertension possibly due to earlier septal involvement in disease course. Septal MPI is correlated moderately with septal wall thickness.

  5. HEXIM1在先天性心脏病室间隔缺损中的突变及表达研究%Study on the mutation and expression of Hexim1 gene in human ventricular septal defect of congenital heart disease

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王巾; 薛雪; 李辉

    2012-01-01

    目的 通过筛查HEXIM1基因在室间隔缺损(ventricular septal defect,VSD)外周血中的突变和心肌组织中的表达情况,探讨HEXIM1基因与VSD发病机制的关系.方法 采用PCR-DNA测序技术对100例单纯性室间隔缺损的患儿外周血进行基因编码序列突变筛查;以β - actin为内对照,用RT - PCR方法检测HEXIM1基因在14例室间隔缺损引产胎儿中mRNA的表达情况.结果 所有研究对象的HEXIM1基因测序后同GenBank人类HEXIM1编码序列进行比较,有3例患儿(单纯性室间隔缺损)分别存在单核苷酸的多态性(SNP);与正常心肌组织相比,VSD引产胎儿心肌组织中HEXIM1基因mRNA表达呈下降趋势(P<0.05).结论 本实验收集的病例标本中没有发现HEXIM1基因编码区的突变,基因转录水平异常可能是该基因参与VSD形成的一种潜在机制.%Objective; Though screening the mutations of HEXIM1 gene in VSD blood and analyzing the expression levels HEXIM1 gene in the cardiac muscular tissues, we want to approach the relationships between HEXIM1 gene and the pathogenesies in VSD. Method: Screen the mutations of the coding sequences of heximl gene in 100 blood samples from children with simple VSD by PCR method; Using β - actin as internal control, we detected the differential expression between 14 myocardium samples from VSD fetuses and 14 normal controls by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT - PCR). Results; The entire HEXIM1 coding sequences of all subjects were analyzed and compared with human HEXIM1 coding sequence. NO HEXIM1 mutation was found except for three nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in three patients with isolated VSD. The mRNA expression levels of HEXIM1 gene show de-scendent tendency in the samples of VSD compared with normal controls. Conclusion: Mutations in coding region of; HEXIM1 gene was not found in our selected simple VSD samples. The abnormality in transcription level of HEXIM1 gene may be a kind of mechanism

  6. Real-time-MR guidance for placement of a self-made fully MR-compatible atrial septal occluder: in vitro test

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purpose: This in vitro study investigated the feasibility to visualize the placement of three different atrial septal occluder systems using real-time MR control. Methods: The experiments were performed on an interventional 1.5 T high field whole body system. Real-time MR imaging was achieved by radial or spiral k-space filling in conjunction with the sliding window reconstruction technique yielding an imaging speed of 15 frames per second. The CardioSeal, Ampaltzer Septal Occluder and a specially designed MR-compatible closure device were tested in a water bath. A punctured plastic wall served as model for the atrial septal defect. Results: The delivery systems of the CardioSeal and Amplatzer Occluder were ferromagnetic and caused substantial artifacts, making the device placement impossible, even if the magnetic forces would have been acceptable. The self-made prototype caused only minor susceptibility artifacts allowing its visualization on the MR images. The MR imaging techniques applied enabled real-time control of the occluder including steering through the artificial septal foramen and visualization of the occluder deployment. Conclusion: Real-time MR imaging allows for guidance and placement of an MR-compatible septal occluder in vitro suggesting the feasibility to perform atrial septal occlusion under MR-guidance in vivo as well. (orig.)

  7. Effects of urokinase type plasminogen activator and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 expressions on the formation of aneurysm of perimembranous ventricular septal defect%尿激酶型纤溶酶原激活物及其抑制物表达在膜周型室间隔缺损自发闭合中的作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钱娟; 李本尚; 殷敏智; 沈萍; 孙锟

    2015-01-01

    0.05).结论 uPA及抑制物系统在VSA形成过程中起重要作用,参与瘤体的形成和纤维增殖过程.%Objective The exact mechanisms of defect closure in patients with perimembranous ventricular septal defect (PMVSD) remain unknown.We hypothesized that the expression of urokinase type plasminogen activator (uPA) and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) may mediate extracellular matrix (ECM) remodeling in aneurysms.Method Seven normal heart tricuspid septal leaflet and 33 aneurysms were collected in Shanghai Renji Hospital and Shanghai Children's Medical Center from January 2008 to June 2010.Immunohistochemical expression of uPA and PAI-1 in 4 normal heart valvular tissues and 15 aneurysms was detected with immunohistochemical methods.The expression of uPA and PAI-1 mRNA in 3 normal heart valvular tissues and 7 aneurysms was studied by real time fluorescent PCR;the protein expression of uPA and PAI-1 in 4 normal heart valvular tissues and 11 aneurysms was tested with Western blotting.Result The surface of the aneurysms were completely covered by endothelial cells.Two types of granulation tissue,myxoid and fibrous,were associated with the aneurismal formation.uPA were recognized predominantly in valvar interstitial cells (VICs) which located mainly in regions adjacent to the endothelium and smooth muscle cells of blood vessels.PAI-1 was found in both VICs which located mainly in granulation tissue and endothelial cells.Nine aneurysms expressed a higher uPA activity than 4 normal valvular tissues ((74.6 ± 11.8) % vs.(49.5 ± 7.4) %;t =3.87,P =0.003) and six aneurysms expressed a low uPA activity ((10.3±3.1)% vs.(49.5±7.4)%;t=11.78,P=0.000) andahighPAI-1 activity ((55.2±1.7) % vs.(50.8 ± 3.8) %;t =2.55,P =0.034) using immunohistochemical methods.uPA / PAI-1 ratio of protein expression tested by Western blot was 0.88 ± 0.22 in four normal heart vavular tissues;five aneurysms expressed high uPA activity and low PAI-1 activity and u

  8. [Anesthesia Management of a Patient with Pulmonary Atresia, Intact Ventricular Septum, Major Aortopulmonary Collateral Artery and Tetralogy of Fallot].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hitosugi, Takashi; Tsukamoto, Masanori; Ishii, Kentaro; Kadowaki, Masanori; Fujiwara, Shigeki; Yokoyama, Takeshi

    2016-03-01

    The patient was a 6-year-old girl with pulmonary atresia, intact ventricular septum and major aortopulmonary collateral artery with tetralogy of Fallot Her Sp(O2) was around 60% under room air, and she could not walk long. She underwent dental treatment under general anesthesia. Invasive monitoring using pulmonary artery catheter should have been avoided, since the risk of monitoring greatly exceeds that of the treatment. The patient entered the operating room with her mother, and anesthesia was induced with intravenous midazolam, propofol and vecuronium. She was intubated orally first and impedance cardiography monitoring was started. FI(O2) was maintained at 0.5-1.0. Increases in airway pressure and Pa(CO2) were appropriately avoided. Dental treatment is important for infants with cardiac disease not only to reduce their pain, but also to reduce the risk of infection. It often requires general anesthesia. We have to conduct it with less invasiveness and less stress. PMID:27097511

  9. Clinical results of combined palliative procedures for cyanotic congenital heart defects with intractable hypoplasia of pulmonary arteries

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    FAN Xiang-ming; ZHU Yao-bin; SU Jun-wu; ZHANG Jing; LI Zhi-qiang; XU Yao-qiang; LI Xiao-feng

    2013-01-01

    Background Congenital heart defects with intractable hypoplasia of the pulmonary arteries without intercourse or with intercourse stenosis is unsuitable for surgical correction or regular palliative procedures.We reported our experience with combined palliative procedures for congenital heart defects with intractable hypoplasia pulmonary arteries.Methods From 2001 to 2012,a total of 41 patients with cyanotic congenital heart defects and intractable hypoplasia of the pulmonary arteries underwent surgical procedures.From among them,31 patients had pulmonary atresia with ventricular septal defect (VSD) and the other 10 cases had complicated congenital heart defects with pulmonary stenosis.Different kinds of palliative procedures were performed according to the morphology of the right and left pulmonary arteries in every patient.If the pulmonary artery was well developed,a Glenn procedure was performed.A modified Blalock-Taussi9 shunt or modified Waterston shunt was performed if pulmonary arteries were hypoplastic.If the pulmonary arteries were severely hypoplastic,a Melbourne shunt was performed.Systemic pulmonary artery shunts were performed bilaterally in 25 cases.A systemic-pulmonary shunt was performed on one side and a Glenn procedure was performed contralaterally in 16 cases.Major aortopulmonary collateral arteries were unifocalized in six cases,ligated in two cases and interventionally embolized in two cases.There was one early death because of cardiac arrest and the hospital mortality was 2.4%.Results Five patients suffered from postoperative low cardiac output syndrome,three had perfusion of the lungs,and two pulmonary infections.Systemic pulmonary shunts were repeated after the original operation in three cases due to the occlusion of conduits.The mean follow-up time was 25 months.The pre-and the post-operation left pulmonary indices were (8.13±3.68) vs.(14.9±6.21) mm2/m2.The pre-and post-operation right pulmonary indices were (12.7±8.13) vs.(17.7±7

  10. Unknown syndrome: abnormal facies, congenital heart defects, hypothyroidism, and severe retardation.

    OpenAIRE

    Young, I D; Simpson, K.

    1987-01-01

    We present a female infant with (1) abnormal facies: microcephaly, blepharophimosis, small, low set, posteriorly rotated ears, bulbous nose, carp shaped mouth, micrognathia; (2) congenital heart abnormalities: large atrial and ventricular septal defects; (3) congenital hypothyroidism; (4) severe global retardation.

  11. Reversibility and molecular mechanisms of pulmonary hypertension in patients with complete transposition of the great arteries combined with ventricular septal defect%合并室间隔缺损的大动脉转位所致肺动脉高压的可逆性程度及其分子机制

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘湘斌; 郑哲; 胡盛寿; 李守军; 张雅娟; 魏英杰; 高培显; 林野; 高歌

    2010-01-01

    Objective Explore the reversibility and potential molecular mechanisms of pulmonary hypertension in pa-tients with complete transposition of the great arteries (cTGA) combined with ventricular septal defect (VSD) in comparison with those with simple VSD. Methods Twenty-four patients with pulmonary hypertension (mean pulmonary arterial pressure was greater than 30 mmHg) were enrolled in our study, in which 10 patients suffered from cTGA with VSD, and the rest 14 pa-tients suffered from simple VSD. Lung specimens were taken from the right middle lobe of lung before cardiopulmonary bypass. The extent of pulmonary hypertension was then graded according to the Heath-Edwards classification. ELISA was used to exam-ine the expression of eNOS, iNOS, ET-1, ET-AR, ET-BR, MMP-2, MMP-9 and TIMP in all the specimens. Results No statistically significant differences in age, height, weight, the size of VSD, and the pulmonary artery pressure before operation were found between the groups. The level of hemoglobin, aortic and pulmonary arterial oxygen saturation, and the reduction value of pulmonary arterial pressure after surgery were significantly higher in the cTGA patients than that in the simple VSD pa-tients (P < 0.05). All patients had grade 0 - Ⅱ Heath-Edwards changes in their lung biopsy samples. The expression of eNOS and MMP-2 was significantly lower in the TGA group than that in the simple VSD group [eNOS: (280.13 ± 101.92) ng/mg vs. (488.41±249.6) ng/mg, P<0.05; MMP-2:(31.68±15.36)ng/mg vs. (69.28±49.12)ng/mg, P<0.05]. There were no statistically significant differences between the two groups regarding the expression of iNOS, ET-1, ET-AR, ET-BR,MMP-9 or TIMP. Conclusion The imbalance of the NOS/ET system and the MMP/TIMP system involves in the development of pulmonary hypertension in patients with TGA combined with VCD. In patients with cTGA, the high oxygenation state in pul-monary circulation may decrease the expression of MMP2 and eNOS, and may affect the

  12. Septal stapler use during septum surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yildirim, Güven; Cingi, Cemal; Kaya, Ercan

    2013-03-01

    Although discussions regarding nasal packing are still ongoing, to eliminate any possible complications, surgeons have used nasal packing for many years. Septoplasty is one of the most frequently performed operations by head and neck surgeons. Any methods to diminish the surgical time or bring comfort to the surgeon will be well appreciated. In this study, we attempted to demonstrate the usefulness of the stapler method by comparing preoperative and postoperative results from the visual analog scale (VAS), nasal obstruction symptom evaluation (NOSE), rhinosinusitis quality of life questionnaire (RQLQ), and acoustic rhinomanometry values. In addition, we evaluated pain scores, postoperative complications, and breathing after nasal packing, stapling, and trans-septal suturing techniques. Patients were divided into three groups. In the first group, deviated cartilage was removed or repositioned and mucoperichondrial flaps were closed with a bioresorbable stapler after septoplasty. Four or five staples were placed on the septum. In the second group, the septum was sutured continuously with 4/0 Pegelak (Doğsan TR). In the third group, Merocel packs were used without any sutures and were kept for 48 h. Nasal packing leads to patient discomfort after septal surgery; however, there is no difference in patient comfort between closing the mucoperichondrial flaps by suturing the septum or using a stapler. After surgery, there were no differences between the groups in terms of successful breathing. This situation was assessed by endoscopic examination and acoustic rhinomanometry. Thus, there was no objective or subjective difference. Stapling increases the doctor's comfort level and surgical time is optimized. Although experienced surgeons can easily suture the septum, less experienced ones have some difficulty; therefore, stapling may provide more benefit to the latter. Further, four staples are sufficient to close the septum. PMID:22926990

  13. Nasal Septal Perforation Caused by Invasive Fungal Sinusitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wai-Tin Kuo

    2002-11-01

    Full Text Available Nasal septal perforation presents a distinct challenge to otorhinolaryngologists, and is aproblem for patients. Although it has a variety of causes, previous septal surgery is the mostcommon reason. We present a 57-year-old woman who had recurrent chronic sinusitis. Aleft nasal mass was noted and excised via endoscopic sinus surgery. Invasive aspergillosissinusitis was proven both grossly and histopathologically, and a nasal septal perforation wasalso noted during the operation. Although there has been only a single other case presentedby Siberry in 1997, we postulate that perforation of the nasal septum as with the casedescribed herein is a rare complication of invasive fungal sinusitis.

  14. Three-dimensional image analysis of plugging at the septal pore by Woronin body during hypotonic shock inducing hyphal tip bursting in the filamentous fungus Aspergillus oryzae

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We observed that the filamentous fungus, Aspergillus oryzae, grown on agar media burst out cytoplasmic constituents from the hyphal tip soon after flooding with water. Woronin body is a specialized organelle known to plug the septal pore adjacent to the lysed compartment to prevent extensive loss of cytoplasm. A. oryzae Aohex1 gene homologous to Neurospora crassa HEX1 gene encoding a major protein in Woronin body was expressed as a fusion with DsRed2, resulting in visualization of Woronin body. Confocal microscopy and three-dimensional reconstruction of images visualized the septal pore as a dark region surrounded by green fluorescence of EGFP-fused secretory protein, RNase T1, on the septum. Dual fluorescent labeling revealed the plugging of the septal pores adjacent to the lysed apical compartments by Woronin bodies during hypotonic shock. Disruption of Aohex1 gene caused disappearance of Woronin bodies and the defect to prevent extensive loss of cytoplasm during hypotonic shock

  15. Intra-cardiac echocardiography in alcohol septal ablation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cooper, Robert M; Shahzad, Adeel; Newton, James;

    2015-01-01

    Alcohol septal ablation (ASA) in hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy reduces left ventricular outflow tract gradients. A third of patients do not respond; inaccurate localisation of the iatrogenic infarct can be responsible. Transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) using myocardial contrast can be...

  16. Septal Myectomy Surgery to Treat Obstructive Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy (HCM)

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    Full Text Available Septal Myectomy Surgery to Treat Obstructive Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy (HCM) You must have Javascript enabled in your web browser. View Program Transcript Click Here to view the OR-Live, Inc. Privacy Policy ...

  17. Septal Myectomy Surgery to Treat Obstructive Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy (HCM)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Septal Myectomy Surgery to Treat Obstructive Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy (HCM) You must have Javascript enabled in your web browser. View Program Transcript Click Here to view the OR-Live, Inc. Privacy Policy ...

  18. Septal Myectomy Surgery to Treat Obstructive Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy (HCM)

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    Full Text Available Septal Myectomy Surgery to Treat Obstructive Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy (HCM) Click Here to view the BroadcastMed, Inc. Privacy Policy and Legal Notice © 2016 BroadcastMed, Inc. All ...

  19. Septal Myectomy Surgery to Treat Obstructive Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy (HCM)

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    Full Text Available Septal Myectomy Surgery to Treat Obstructive Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy (HCM) Click Here to view the BroadcastMed, Inc. Privacy Policy and Legal Notice © 2016 BroadcastMed, Inc. All rights reserved.

  20. Septal Myectomy Surgery to Treat Obstructive Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy (HCM)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Septal Myectomy Surgery to Treat Obstructive Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy (HCM) Click Here to view the BroadcastMed, Inc. Privacy Policy and Legal Notice © 2016 BroadcastMed, Inc. All rights reserved.

  1. 室间隔缺损介入治疗前后血浆白细胞介素8水平的变化%Level change of plasma IL-8 before and after interventional therapy on patients with ventricular septal defect

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘君; 高磊; 刘凌; 谭慧莲; 郑庆厚; 李跃征; 王震; 张密林

    2014-01-01

    Objective To observe the changes of plasma interleukin-8 (IL-8) and cardiac performance on children with ventricular septal defect (VSD) after interventional therapy in order to investigate the relationship between the cardiac performance and IL-8.Methods A total of 100 children with VSD for cardiac catheter occlusion in the 1 st Hospital of Hebei Medical University from Feb.2011 to Feb.2013 were enrolled in this study as the VSD group.The control group included 50 healthy children.Concentrations of plasma IL-8 were measured before and the 7th day and 6th month after cardiac catheterization.Before and the 7th day and 6th month after cardiac catheterization,the parameters of left ventricular end diastolic diameter (LVEDD),left ventricular end systolic diameter (LVESD),left ventricular end systolic volume (LVESV),left ventricular end diastolic volume (LVEDV) and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) were measured by echocardiography.The relationships between plasma IL-8 levels and echocardiographic cardiac functional indexes were analyzed.Results (1) The plasma levels of IL-8 in VSD and control group were (0.64 ± 0.08) pg/L and (0.53 ±0.07) pg/L,and there was significant difference between two groups(t =6.61,P < 0.05).IL-8 levels of VSD children at before operation,the 7th day and 6 month after operation were (0.64 ± 0.08) pg/L,(0.69 ± 0.06) pg/L,(0.55 ± 0.05) pg/L respectively,and the differences were statistically significant (t =5.45,t =12.08,P <0.05).There was no significant difference in terms of IL-8 at the 6 month after operation and before operation.(2) LVEDD,LVESD,LVEDV,LVESV in VSD children at the 7th days after operation were (41.47 ±3.38) mm,(27.17 ±3.76) mm,(76.72 ± 17.03) ml,(26.23 ±6.13) ml respectively,and (36.21 ± 3.75) mm,(22.49 ± 3.04) mm,(65.38 ± 16.22) ml,(22.23 ± 5.71) ml at the 6 months after operation,significant decreased than that before operation((45.28 ± 3.69) mm,(29.02 ± 3.17) mm,(86.33 ± 19.68)ml,(30.12 ± 7

  2. Cardiac Defects and Results of Cardiac Surgery in 22q11.2 Deletion Syndrome

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carotti, Adriano; Digilio, Maria Cristina; Piacentini, Gerardo; Saffirio, Claudia; Di Donato, Roberto M.; Marino, Bruno

    2008-01-01

    Specific types and subtypes of cardiac defects have been described in children with 22q11.2 deletion syndrome as well as in other genetic syndromes. The conotruncal heart defects occurring in patients with 22q11.2 deletion syndrome include tetralogy of Fallot, pulmonary atresia with ventricular septal defect, truncus arteriosus, interrupted aortic…

  3. Right Ventricular Septal Pacing: Has it come of age?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Johnson Francis

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Prolonged pacing from the right ventricular (RV apex has been shown to be associated with progressive left ventricular dysfunction as demonstrated by heart failure, atrial fibrillation and an increased morbidity and mortality [1-6]. This has led to an interest in alternate RV pacing sites and in particular the mid RV septum and the RV outflow tract (RVOT septum [7-11]. These sites are theoretically associated with a more physiological ventricular activation. Despite the perceived advantages of septal pacing, results to date are not confirmatory [12-18]. These studies were generally acute or extended to 6-months and the leads secured to the RVOT and thus were not necessarily septal. On review of the early work of Durrer et al in 1970 [19] the septal regions of the RVOT and mid RV are the first zones of the ventricle to depolarize, suggesting that pacing from these areas on the right side of the septum would achieve as normal a contraction pattern as possible. In contrast, the free wall of the RV is the last zone to be depolarized. When attempting to prove the physiologic and hemodynamic benefits of septal pacing, it seems illogical to choose the RVOT with a mix of both septal and free wall pacing. The potential benefits of septal pacing would possibly be negated by free wall pacing and thus it is not surprising that there has been no consistent benefit over RV apical pacing demonstrated.

  4. Zero net flux estimates of septal extracellular glucose levels and the effects of glucose on septal extracellular GABA levels

    OpenAIRE

    Krebs-Kraft, Desiree L.; Rauw, Gail; Baker, Glen B.; Parent, Marise B.

    2009-01-01

    Although hippocampal infusions of glucose enhance memory, we have found repeatedly that septal glucose infusions impair memory when γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) receptors are activated. For instance, hippocampal glucose infusions reverse the memory-impairing effects of co-infusions of the GABA agonist muscimol, whereas septal glucose infusions exacerbate memory deficits produced by muscimol. One potential explanation for these deleterious effects of glucose in the septum is that there are highe...

  5. Morphometric analysis of septal aperture of humerus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raghavendra K, Anil kumar Reddy Y, Shirol VS, Daksha Dixit, Desai SP

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Lower end of humerus shows olecranon and coronoid fossae separated by a thin bony septum, sometimes it may deficient and shows foramen which communicates both the fossae called Septal aperture, which is commonly referred as supratrochlear foramen (STF. Materials & Methods: We have studied 260 humeri (126 right side and 134 left side, measurements were taken by using vernier caliper, translucency septum was observed by keeping the lower end of humerus against the x-ray lobby. Results: A clear cut STF was observed in 19.2% bones, translucency septum was observed in 99 (91.6% humeri on the right side and 95 (93.1% humeri on the left sides respectively (Table – 1. Clinical significance: The presence of STF is always associated with the narrow medullary canal at the lower end of humerus, Supracondylar fracture of humerus is most common in paediatric age group, medullary nailing is done to treat the fractures in those cases the knowledge about the STF is very important for treating the fractures. It has been observed in x-ray of lower end of the humerus the STF is comparatively radiolucent, it is commonly seen as a type of ‘pseudolesions’ in an x-ray of the lower end of humerus and it may mistake for an osteolytic or cystic lesions. Conclusion: The present study can add data into anthropology and anatomy text books regarding STF and it gives knowledge of understanding anatomical variation of distal end of the humerus, which is significant for anthropologists, orthopaedic surgeons and radiologists in habitual clinical practice.

  6. Huge Interatrial Septal Aneurysm: A Coincidental but Rather Fatal Finding

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tzimas, Petros; Papadopoulos, Georgios

    2011-01-01

    We report the case of a patient with a huge interatrial septal aneurysm as an intraoperative coincidental finding that led to a fatal outcome. The patient was admitted to our hospital in order to undergo elective coronary artery bypass grafting because he suffered from severe coronary artery disease. We intraoperatively diagnosed by transesophageal echocardiography a huge interatrial septal aneurysm mimicking a right atrial tumor. The aneurysm was initially resected and then coronary artery bypass grafting was successfully performed but the patient never achieved a successful separation from cardiopulmonary bypass probably because of massive embolic events. PMID:21317987

  7. Chrome induced nasal septal perforation-An occupational hazard

    OpenAIRE

    Krishna, N. Joshi

    2004-01-01

    86 patients, working in a chemical factory dealing with Chrome manufacturing job, were referred by Health Inspectai to F S 1 S Hospital O PD 32 patients out of above were found to be having Nasal septal perforation and were recommended to Medical Board for consideration of compensation as cases of Occupational hazard

  8. Atrioventricular conduction after alcohol septal ablation for obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Axelsson, Anna; Weibring, Kristina; Havndrup, Ole;

    2014-01-01

    AIMS: Lesion of the atrioventricular conduction system is a well known adverse effect of alcohol septal ablation (ASA) in patients with obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). We assessed the atrioventricular conduction at long-term follow-up after ASA. METHODS: In patients with a pacemaker...

  9. Procedimento de Lecompte para a correção de transposição das grandes artérias, associada à comunicação interventricular e obstrução de via de saída do ventrículo esquerdo Lecompte procedure for correction of the transposition of the great arteries associated with ventricular septal defect and left ventricle outflow tract obstruction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miguel Angel Maluf

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Avaliar o procedimento de Lecompte para a correção da transposição das grandes artérias associada à comunicação interventricular e obstrução da via de saída do ventrículo esquerdo (TGA, CIV e OVSVE e apresentar os resultados no período pós-operatório intermediário e tardio. MÉTODO: Entre fevereiro de 1994 e julho de 2005, sete pacientes, com idade de 2 a 8 anos (mediana -M-: 3,0, portadores de TGA, CIV e OVSVE, foram submetidos a tratamento cirúrgico corretivo. Em seis casos, foi utilizado o procedimento de Lecompte. Esta técnica consiste na abordagem por ventriculotomia direita, ressecção ampla do septo conal e construção de um túnel ventricular conectando o ventrículo esquerdo à aorta; o caso restante apresentava obstrução da prótese valvulada implantada entre o ventrículo direito e a artéria pulmonar (VD-AP e falência do VD e foi submetido à conversão no procedimento de Lecompte. RESULTADOS: Os tempos de CEC variaram entre 105 e 194 min (M: 130 e os tempos de anoxia entre 65 e 90 min (M: 78. Houve um óbito no pós-operatório imediato devido a coagulopatia, seguido de insuficiência ventricular direita. Os seis pacientes sobreviventes receberam alta hospitalar no período de 5 a 30 dias (M: 11 e permaneceram em acompanhamento entre 12 a 144 meses (M: 73,6. CONCLUSÃO: O procedimento de Lecompte teve como vantagens: 1 - Indicação cirúrgica em pacientes com menor faixa etária; 2 - Baixa morbi-mortalidade; 3 - Expectativa de acompanhamento a longo prazo, sem reoperação; 4 - Possibilidade de converter o procedimento de Rastelli em Lecompte.OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the Lecompte procedure used for the correction of transposition of the great arteries (TGA associated with ventricular septal defect (VSD and left ventricle outflow tract obstruction (LVOTO and to present the intermediate and long-term results of the surgery. METHODS: Between February 1994 and July 2005, seven patients with ages between 2

  10. Congenital cardiac defect in a pygmy goat (Capra hircus)

    OpenAIRE

    Laus, Fulvio; COPPONI, Ilenia; Cerquetella, Matteo; FRUGANTI, Alessandro

    2011-01-01

    Congenital cardiac defects are anatomic conditions present at birth. Few references to such conditions in goats are available in the current scientific literature. This report describes, for the first time, a congenital cardiac disease clinically characterized by polypnea from birth and exercise intolerance in a 2-month-old pygmy goat. An atrioventricular dysplasia known as Ebstein's anomaly, an atrial septal defect, and a mild subaortic stenosis were ultrasonographically diagnosed.

  11. Echocardiography for the Assessment of Congenital Heart Defects in Calves.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mitchell, Katharyn Jean; Schwarzwald, Colin Claudio

    2016-03-01

    Congenital heart disease should be considered when evaluating calves with chronic respiratory signs, failure to thrive, poor growth, or if a murmur is heard on physical examination. Echocardiography is currently the gold standard for diagnosing congenital heart defects. A wide variety of defects, either alone or in combination with a ventricular septal defect, are possible. A standardized approach using sequential segmental analysis is required to fully appreciate the nature and severity of more complex malformations. The prognosis for survival varies from guarded to poor and depends on the hemodynamic relevance of the defects and the degree of cardiac compensation. PMID:26922111

  12. Septo-Hippocampo-Septal Loop and Memory Formation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fatemeh Khakpai

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available   Cholinergic and GABAergic fibers in the medial septal/diagonal band of Broca (MS/DB area project to the hippocampus and constitute the septo-hippocampal pathway, which has been proven in learning and memory. In addition, the hippocampus has bidirectional connections with the septum, which use this relation for self-regulation of cholinergic input.   The activity of septal and hippocampal neurons is modulated by several neurotransmitters including glutamatergic neurons from the entorhinal cortex, serotonergic fibers from the raphe nucleus, dopaminergic neurons from the ventral tegmental area (VTA, histaminergic cells from the tuberomammillary nucleus and adrenergic fibers from the locus coeruleus (LC. Thus, changes in the glutamatergic, serotonergic and etc. mediated transmission in the MS/DB may influence cholinergic or GABAergic transmission in the hippocampus.

  13. [The crooked nose: correction of dorsal and caudal septal deviations].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foda, H M T

    2010-09-01

    The deviated nose represents a complex cosmetic and functional problem. Septal surgery plays a central role in the successful management of the externally deviated nose. This study included 800 patients seeking rhinoplasty to correct external nasal deviations; 71% of these suffered from variable degrees of nasal obstruction. Septal surgery was necessary in 736 (92%) patients, not only to improve breathing, but also to achieve a straight, symmetric external nose. A graduated surgical approach was adopted to allow correction of the dorsal and caudal deviations of the nasal septum without weakening its structural support to the nasal dorsum or nasal tip. The approach depended on full mobilization of deviated cartilage, followed by straightening of the cartilage and its fixation in the corrected position by using bony splinting grafts through an external rhinoplasty approach. PMID:20809379

  14. High Prevalence of Associated Birth Defects in Congenital Hypothyroidism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alok Sachan

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim. To identify dysmorphic features and cardiac, skeletal, and urogenital anomalies in patients with congenital hypothyroidism. Patients and Methods. Seventeen children with congenital primary hypothyroidism were recruited. Cause for congenital hypothyroidism was established using ultrasound of thyroid and T99mc radionuclide thyroid scintigraphy. Malformations were identified by clinical examination, echocardiography, X-ray of lumbar spine, and ultrasonography of abdomen. Results. Ten (59% patients (6 males and 4 females had congenital malformations. Two had more than one congenital malformation (both spina bifida and ostium secundum atrial septal defect. Five (29% had cardiac malformations, of whom three had only osteum secundum atrial septal defect (ASD, one had only patent ductus arteriosus (PDA, and one patient had both ASD and PDA. Seven patients (41% had neural tube defects in the form of spina bifida occulta. Conclusion. Our study indicates the need for routine echocardiography in all patients with congenital hypothyroidism.

  15. Gerbode Defect as a Result of Fungal Aortic Valve Endocarditis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pasrija, Chetan; Mohammed, Isa; Shats, Inna; Hong-Zohlman, Susie; Reoma, Junewai; Mazzeffi, Michael A; Rajagopal, Keshava

    2015-05-01

    A 63-year-old male patient with HIV disease presented with dyspnea and complete heart block, and was found to have aortic valve (AV) endocarditis secondary to Candida parapsilosis infection. Echocardiography demonstrated AV endocarditis and possible aortic root versus subannular abscess with moderate AV regurgitation (AR), a ventricular septal defect (VSD) and possible left ventricular to right atrial shunt (Gerbode defect). Large AV vegetations, subannular abscess with an acquired membranous VSD, Gerbode defect, and tricuspid annular abscess at the insertion of septal leaflet were noted intraoperatively. The patient underwent AV replacement with a stented bioprosthesis, two-sided VSD patch closure, and tricuspid valve (TV) repair with an annuloplasty ring. The left-sided patch closed the VSD and facilitated AV replacement, while the right-sided patch facilitated the TV repair. PMID:26901898

  16. Prevalence of Non-Left Anterior Descending Septal Perforator Culprit in Patients With Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy Undergoing Alcohol Septal Ablation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alkhouli, Mohamad; Sajjad, Waseem; Lee, Junsoo; Fernandez, Genaro; Waits, Bryan; Schwarz, Karl Q; Cove, Christopher J

    2016-05-15

    Identifying the coronary branch that supplies the basal septum is the cornerstone for successful alcohol septal ablation (ASA). The basal septum is often supplied by septal perforator artery/arteries (SPA/SPAs) not originating from the left anterior descending (LAD) coronary artery. We aim to investigate the prevalence and significance of non-LAD septal "culprit" in patients undergoing ASA. A retrospective review of patients who underwent ASA from 2006 to 2014 was conducted. Procedural and midterm outcomes of patients who had ASA of LAD and non-LAD culprit SPA were reported. A total 89 patients were included in the analysis; 13 patients (15%) had ASA of non-LAD SPA. These patients were more likely to have a history of failed ASA, more than one SPA treated, more ethanol dose injected, longer procedures, and higher contrast use compared with those who had ASA of LAD-SPA. In-hospital outcomes, residual gradient, symptom improvement, and midterm mortality were similar in the 2 groups. In conclusion, in a cohort of patients undergoing ASA, 15% had ablation of SPA culprit that did not originate from the LAD. Half of these patients had previous unsuccessful ASA. Systematic screening for the ideal culprit SPA with nonselective coronary injection of echo contrast should be used to avoid incomplete or failed ASA. PMID:27006152

  17. Septal co-infusions of glucose with a GABAB agonist impair memory

    OpenAIRE

    Erickson, Erika J.; Watts, Kelly D; Parent, Marise B.

    2005-01-01

    Septal infusions of glucose exacerbate memory deficits produced by co-infusions of drugs that increase γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA)A receptor activity. To further understand the interaction between glucose and GABA, this experiment tested whether glucose would also potentiate spatial working memory deficits produced by septal infusions of the GABAB receptor agonist baclofen. Fifteen minutes prior to assessing spontaneous alternation (SA), male Sprague–Dawley derived rats were given septal infus...

  18. An exploratory analysis of the relationship between ambient ozone and particulate matter concentrations during early pregnancy and selected birth defects in Texas

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We performed an exploratory analysis of ozone (O3) and fine particulate matter (PM2.5) concentrations during early pregnancy and multiple types of birth defects. Data on births were obtained from the Texas Birth Defects Registry (TBDR) and the National Birth Defects Prevention Study (NBDPS) in Texas. Air pollution concentrations were previously determined by combining modeled air pollution concentrations with air monitoring data. The analysis generated hypotheses for future, confirmatory studies; although many of the observed associations were null. The hypotheses are provided by an observed association between O3 and craniosynostosis and inverse associations between PM2.5 and septal and obstructive heart defects in the TBDR. Associations with PM2.5 for septal heart defects and ventricular outflow tract obstructions were null using the NBDPS. Both the TBDR and the NBPDS had inverse associations between O3 and septal heart defects. Further research to confirm the observed associations is warranted. - Highlights: • Air pollution concentrations combined modeled air data and air monitoring data. • No associations were observed between the majority of birth defects and PM2.5 and O3. • Estimated associations between PM2.5 and certain heart defects varied by dataset. • Results were suggestive of an inverse association between O3 and septal heart defects. • Higher O3 concentrations may be associated with increased odds of craniosynostosis. - Although most observed associations between ozone and fine particulate matter concentrations and birth defects were null, some were present and warrant further consideration

  19. Thallium-201 evidence that anterior ST segment depression during early acute inferior myocardial infarction reflects septal or posterolateral ischemic injury

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The pathogenesis of anterior (ANT) ST segment depression (ST decreasing) during acute inferior myocardial infarction (IMI) remains controversial. To evaluate the role of septal (S) or posterolateral (PL) ischemic injury (IS), resting thallium-201 (T1-201) scintigrams closely timed to ECG findings (mean 21+-21 minutes) were evaluated in 49 consecutive pts during the first 5 hrs of a first acute IMI. ANT ST decreasing (any lead V1-V4) of ≥ 1.0 mm was considered significant. All 49 pts had inferior T1-201 defects. In all 38 pts with ANT ST decreasing, there was T1-201 evidence of PL and/or S IS. In 9 of 11 pts without ANT ST decreasing, IS was confined to the inferior wall. The magnitude of inferior lead ST segment elevation correlated well with ST decreasing in leads 1 and AVL (r=0.88) and poorly with ST decreasing in anterior leads (r=0.32, supporting the concept that in acute IMI, ST decreasing in 1 and AVL is a reciprocal electrical phenomenon, but that ANT ST decreasing has a different pathogenesis. Thus the authors conclude that anterior ST depression in acute inferior myocardial infarction is associated with additional septal and/or posterolateral ischemic injury and does not reflect a benign reciprocal electrical phenomenon

  20. Diffuse interlobular septal thickening in a coal miner

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Thrumurthy, S.G.; Kearney, S.; Sissons, M.; Haider, Y. [Lancashire Teaching Hospital for NHS Funding Trust, Chorley (United Kingdom)

    2010-01-15

    Diffuse interlobular septal thickening (DIST) is an abnormality seen on high-resolution CT (HRCT) scanning of the thorax. While DIST may be present to variable extents in a number of lung conditions, it is uncommon as a predominant finding except in a few entities. This report features an ex-coal miner, thought to have coal workers' pneumoconiosis (CWP), in whom the HRCT scan showed no evidence of CWP and instead showed DIST. The patient's condition progressed incessantly towards death from severe secondary pulmonary hypertension. The case links fatal pulmonary hypertension to DIST, a pattern not previously described in coal workers.

  1. From the Heart: Interatrial Septal Aneurysm Identified on Bedside Ultrasound

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael Butterfield

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available A 61 year-old man presented to the Emergency Department for one day of nonspecific chest pain. Bedside echocardiogram performed by the emergency physician revealed normal systolic cardiac function but also showed a large ( > 10mm bicornuate interatrial septal aneurysm (IASA projecting into the right atrium (Figure 1, Video 1. There was no evidence of intraatrial thrombus. A formal echocardiogram performed later that day confirmed the diagnosis and also detected a patent foramen ovale (PFO with a left-to-right shunt that reversed with Valsalva maneuver. [West J Emerg Med. 2014;15(6:719–720

  2. Surgical repair of complete atrioventricular defect (Nunn technique).

    Science.gov (United States)

    El-Rassi, Issam; Charafeddine, Fatimah; Tabbakh, Anas; Aboutaka, Mohammad; Khater, Daniele; Arabi, Mariam; Bitar, Fadi

    2015-01-01

    Two procedures have been traditionally used for the surgical repair of complete atrioventricular canal. The single-patch technique includes the division of valve leaflets, and the use of one patch to close the ventricular and the atrial septal defects, whereas the double-patch technique uses two separate patches, without the division of the bridging leaflets. Between 1997 and 2007, another technique emerged, the modified single-patch technique, or the 'Australian' technique, whereby the ventricular septal defect (VSD) is closed by the direct apposition of the bridging leaflets against the crest of the defect. Because of the absence of the ventricular septal patch, concerns have been raised about the possible left ventricular outflow tract obstruction (LVOTO), or atrioventricular valve (AVV) distortion, especially in case of a deep VSD, or if the defect extends superiorly. The results of the modified single-patch technique in terms of mortality, immediate and long-term AVV function and LVOTO have been similar to the standard techniques in most reports. This article will describe in detail the operative technique and review the relevant literature. PMID:26443542

  3. Survival and sudden cardiac death after septal ablation for hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Morten Kvistholm; Havndrup, Ole; Hassager, Christian; Helqvist, Steffen; Kelbæk, Henning; Jørgensen, Erik; Køber, Lars; Bundgaard, Henning

    2011-01-01

    Reports of long-term survival and the risk of sudden cardiac death (SCD) after percutaneous transluminal septal myocardial ablation (PTSMA) in patients with hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM) are sparse.......Reports of long-term survival and the risk of sudden cardiac death (SCD) after percutaneous transluminal septal myocardial ablation (PTSMA) in patients with hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM) are sparse....

  4. Descriptive anatomy of the dominant septal perforators using Dual Source Coronary CT Angiography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brinjikji, Waleed; Harris, Scott R; Froemming, Adam T; Christensen, Kevin N; Lachman, Nirusha; Araoz, Philip A

    2010-01-01

    Although clinical outcomes for septal ablation in treating left ventricular outflow tract obstructions are generally favorable, a variety of complications have been reported including a high incidence of right bundle branch block. These complications may be attributed to anatomic variability of the dominant septal perforator. We used Dual Source CT Coronary Angiography (DS-CTA) to determine the location of the termination point of the dominant septal perforator as well as the distance of the termination point from the mitral annulus in patients undergoing DS-CTA. One-hundred-fourteen DS-CTA scans were retrospectively reviewed by two observers by consensus. The left ventricle was divided into anterior wall, anterioseptum, and inferioseptum. For each segment, the myocardium was divided into three layers (1) right ventricular side, (2) mid portion, and (3) left ventricular side. The zone of termination of the dominant septal perforator was identified as well as the distance of the termination point from the mitral annulus. The dominant septal perforator terminated in the right ventricular side of the anterioseptum in 86 of the 118 visualized terminations (73%) and in the left ventricular anterior wall in 6 visualized terminations (5%). On average, the dominant septal perforator terminated 26.3 +/- 8.6 mm from the mitral annulus. In the majority of cases, the dominant septal perforator terminates in the right ventricular side of anterioseptum. In addition, there is great variability in the distribution of the termination point of the dominant septal perforator from the mitral annulus. PMID:19918876

  5. Prevalence of congenital heart defects associated with Down syndrome in Korea.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Min-A; Lee, You Sun; Yee, Nan Hee; Choi, Jeong Soo; Choi, Jung Yun; Seo, Kyung

    2014-11-01

    Congenital heart defect (CHD) is common in infants with Down syndrome (DS), which is the principle cause of mortality. However, there is no data available for the frequency and types of CHD in infants with DS in Korea. We investigated the frequency of CHD in infants with DS in Korea. After the survey on birth defects was conducted throughout the country, the prevalence of CHD in DS in 2005-2006 was calculated. This study was conducted based on the medical insurance claims database of the National Health Insurance Corporation. The number of total births in Korea was 888,263 in 2005-2006; of them, 25,975 cases of birth defects were identified. The prevalence of DS was 4.4 per 10,000 total births, accounting for 1.5% of all birth defects. Of the 394 infants with DS, 224 (56.9%) had a CHD. Atrial septal defect was the most common defect accounting for 30.5% of DS followed by ventricular septal defect (19.3%), patent duct arteriosus (17.5%), and atrioventricular septal defect (9.4%). Our study will be helpful to demonstrate the current status of DS and to identify the distribution of CHD in infants with DS in Korea. PMID:25408587

  6. Redefining the Septal L-Strut to Prevent Collapse.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Jung-Seob; Lee, Dong Chang; Ha, Dong-Heon; Kim, Sung Won; Cho, Dong-Woo

    2016-01-01

    During septorhinoplasty, septal cartilage is frequently resected for various purposes but the L-strut is preserved. Numerous materials are inserted into the nasal dorsum during dorsal augmenation rhinoplasty without considering nasal structural safety. This study used a finite element method (FEM) to redefine the septal L-strut, to prevent collapse as pressure moved from the rhinion to the supratip breakpoint on the nasal dorsum and as the contact percentage between the caudal L-strut and the maxillary crest changed. We designed a 1-cm-wide L-strut model based on computed tomography data. At least 45% of the width of the L-strut in the inferior portion of the caudal strut must be preserved during septoplasty to stabilize the septum. In augmentation rhinoplasty, the caudal L-strut must either be preserved perfectly or reinforced to prevent collapse or distortion of the L-strut. The dorsal augmentation material must be fixed in an augmentation pocket to prevent movement of graft material toward the supratip breakpoint, which can disrupt the L-strut. We conducted a numerical analysis using a FEM to predict tissue/organ behavior and to help clinicians understand the reasons for target tissue/organ collapse and deformation. PMID:27073993

  7. Three dimensional echocardiography in congenital heart defects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shirali Girish

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Three dimensional echocardiography (3DE is a new, rapidly evolving modality for cardiac imaging. Important technological advances have heralded an era where practical 3DE scanning is becoming a mainstream modality. We review the modes of 3DE that can be used. The literature has been reviewed for articles that examine the applicability of 3DE to congenital heart defects to visualize anatomy in a spectrum of defects ranging from atrioventricular septal defects to mitral valve abnormalities and Ebstein′s anomaly. The use of 3DE color flow to obtain echocardiographic angiograms is illustrated. The state of the science in quantitating right and left ventricular volumetrics is reviewed. Examples of novel applications including 3DE transesophageal echocardiography and image-guided interventions are provided. We also list the limitations of the technique, and discuss potential future developments in the field.

  8. Ambient Air Pollution and Traffic Exposures and Congenital Heart Defects in the San Joaquin Valley of California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Padula, Amy M.; Tager, Ira B.; Carmichael, Suzan L.; Hammond, S. Katharine; Yang, Wei; Lurmann, Frederick; Shaw, Gary M.

    2013-01-01

    Background Congenital anomalies are a leading cause of infant morbidity and mortality. Studies suggest associations between environmental contaminants and some anomalies, although evidence is limited. Methods We used data from the California Center of the National Birth Defects Prevention Study and the Children's Health and Air Pollution Study to estimate the odds of 27 congenital heart defects with respect to quartiles of 7 ambient air pollutant and traffic exposures in California during the first two months of pregnancy, 1997–2006 (N=813 cases and N=828 controls). Results Particulate matter defects (aOR3rd Quartile=2.1; 95% CI: 1.1, 3.9) after adjusting for maternal race-ethnicity, education and multivitamin use. PM2.5 was associated with transposition of the great arteries (aOR3rd Quartile=2.6; 95% CI: 1.1, 6.5) and inversely associated with perimembranous ventricular septal defects (aOR4th Quartile=0.5; 95% CI: 0.2, 0.9). Secundum atrial septal defects were inversely associated with carbon monoxide (aOR4th Quartile=0.4; 95% CI: 0.2, 0.8) and PM2.5 (aOR4th Quartile=0.5; 95% CI: 0.3, 0.8). Traffic density was associated with muscular ventricular septal defects (aOR4th Quartile=3.0, 95% CI: 1.2, 7.8) and perimembranous ventricular septal defects (aOR3rd Quartile =2.4; 95% CI: 1.3, 4.6), and inversely associated with transposition of the great arteries (aOR4th Quartile=0.3; 95% CI: 0.1, 0.8). Conclusions PM10 and traffic density may contribute to the occurrence of pulmonary valve stenosis and ventricular septal defects, respectively. The results were mixed for other pollutants and had little consistency with previous studies. PMID:23772934

  9. Discharge planning for children with ventricular septal defect and pulmonary arterial hypertension in China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiaoxiao Wu

    2015-06-01

    Conclusions: Discharge planning improves the maternal discharge readiness, maternal caring knowledge and maternal caring behaviors. However, this planning did not reduce the readmission rate of children with CHD-PAH.

  10. Complete atrio-ventricular septal defect and Wolf-Parkinson-White syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gudrun Björkhem

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available A full term female infant was born after 41 weeks of gestation, with a birth weight of 3815g and normal Apgar scores (9-10-10. Immediately after birth tachycardia was noted. An electrocardiogram (ECG showed a heart rate of 300 beats per minute (bpm and narrow QRS complexes. The newborn was clinically stable. She was admitted to the neonatal intensive care unite and an intravenous line was inserted for treatment with Adenosine. While preparing for Adenosine infusion her heart rate spontaneously decreased. Her ECG at presentation with normal heart rate is shown in figure1a. On auscultation, a soft systolic murmur was heard.

  11. Anesthetic considerations of an emergency decompressive craniotomy complicated with Ebstein's anomaly and atrial septal defect

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XIN Xin; TANG Shuai; WANG Ling; ZHAO Jing; LI Gui-lin; GUO Li-lin; HUANG Yu-guang

    2011-01-01

    Despite considerable published papers regarding Ebstein's anomaly (EA) patients receiving open-heart tricuspid valve replacement, non-cardiac emergency surgeries were rarely reported. We report a case of emergency decormpressive craniotormy in a patient with EA. Anesthesiologists should pay special attention to the complications and anesthetic management during the non-cardiac surgeries performed in EA patients.hile papers regarding Ebstein's anomaly (EA)patients receiving open-heart tricuspid valve replacement are numerous, the reports of non-cardiac emergency surgeries have not been to the same degree.We report a case of emergency decompressive craniotomy in a patient with EA. This case report describes the symptoms and anesthetic management during the surgery.

  12. Complete atrio-ventricular septal defect and Wolf-Parkinson-White syndrome

    OpenAIRE

    El-Segaier, Milad; Björkhem, Gudrun

    2006-01-01

    A full term female infant was born after 41 weeks of gestation, with a birth weight of 3815g and normal Apgar scores (9-10- 10). Immediately after birth tachycardia was noted. An electrocardiogram (ECG) showed a heart rate of 300 beats per minute (bpm) and narrow QRS complexes. The newborn was clinically stable. She was admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit and an intravenous line was inserted for treatment with Adenosine. While preparing for Adenosine infusion her heart rate spontaneo...

  13. Comparative study of interventricular phase difference and pressure gradient in cases of isolated ventricular septal defect

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    One hundred and fifty patients with isolated VSD were evaluated by radionuclide MUGA study and Echo-Doppler. Difference between phase angle of the right and left ventricles as detected by MUGA had been divided into main four groups according to pressure gradient between the two ventricles : group I (with pressure gradient ≤30 mmHg and phase difference 80.10 degree±34.1), group III (with pressure gradient > 70 mmHg and phase difference -0.5 degree ± 8.4). It has been found that there was a significant difference between the 4 groups as regards right - to - left ventricular phase difference (P<0.0001). There was significant delay in emptying of right ventricle in groups with pressure gradient < 50 mmHg. Regression analysis revealed inverse correlation between right -to- left ventricular phase difference with changes in pressure gradient (r= 0.81). Similarly, significant correlation had been found between right -to-left ventricular phase difference in relation Qp/Qs (r=0.85); conclusion: interventricular phase difference can be used to evaluate interventricular pressure gradient in cases of isolated VSD. 4 figs., 2 tabs

  14. Double Aneuploidy 48,XXY,+21 Associated with a Congenital Heart Defect in a Neonate

    OpenAIRE

    Shu, X.; Zou, C; Shen, Z

    2013-01-01

    A neonate with a double aneuploidy associated with congenital heart defect (CHD) suffered from cyanosis after birth. He had typical features of Down syndrome (DS) including hypertelorism, slightly lowset ears with protruding pinna. Doppler echocardiography indicated complex congenital heart disease with an ostium secundum atrial septal defect, enlarged right ventricle, and mild tricuspid valve regurgitation. Further chromosomal analysis showed a karyotype of 48,XXY,+21: a double aneuploidy of...

  15. Transconjunctival subperiosteal fat reposition for tear trough deformity: pedicled fat redraping versus septal reset.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Youn, Seungki; Shin, Jong In; Kim, Jeong Tae; Kim, Youn Hwan

    2014-11-01

    Fat-preserving lower blepharoplasty techniques are increasingly common, but to date there has been insufficient data comparing the results of fat repositioning and septal reset. The authors compared the aesthetic results of the 2 methods using statistical analysis. A total of 120 patients, who had undergone transconjunctival subperiosteal fat repositioning from February 2008 to April 2009, were included. Group 1 (71 patients) underwent fat reposition with pedicled infraorbital fat redraping. Group 2 (49 patients) underwent septal reset to reposition the underlying fat. Documentation of the results with grading (grade 0-III) by 2 surgeons was done, and the results were evaluated for clinical improvement.Septal reset showed statistical significance on grade improvement compared to direct fat manipulation methods in the patients with grade II and grade III deformities. Septal reset also showed a trend for a higher degree of improvement compared to the latter. There were no major postoperative complications. PMID:23722575

  16. Short-term prognosis and risk factors of ventricular septal rupture following acute myocardial infarction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡小莹

    2013-01-01

    Objective To analyze the short-term prognosis and risk factors of ventricular septal rupture(VSR)following acute myocardial infarction(AMI).Methods A total of 70 consecutive VSR patients following AMI hospitalized in

  17. Short-term prognosis and risk factors of ventricular septal rupture following acute myocardial infarction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡小莹

    2013-01-01

    Objective To analyze the short-term prognosis and risk factors of ventricular septal rupture(VSR)following acute myocardial infarction(AMI).Methods A total of 70 consecutive VSR patients following AMI

  18. Defect modelling

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Calculations, drawing principally on developments at AERE Harwell, of the relaxation about lattice defects are reviewed with emphasis on the techniques required for such calculations. The principles of defect modelling are outlined and various programs developed for defect simulations are discussed. Particular calculations for metals, ionic crystals and oxides, are considered. (UK)

  19. Surgical Outcome and Complications of Nasal Septal Perforation Repair with Temporal Fascia and Periosteal Grafts

    OpenAIRE

    Paula Virkkula; Mäkitie, Antti A.; Seija I. Vento

    2015-01-01

    AIMS Surgical treatment of nasal septal perforation remains a challenging field of rhinology. A large variety of techniques and grafts with promising results have been introduced for perforation repair. However, the use of fascia or fascia with periosteum has not been previously evaluated for a large sample of patients. METHODS During the years 2007–2014, 105 operations were performed and 98 patients were treated for nasal septal perforation at the Department of Otorhinolaryngology—Head and N...

  20. Delayed Ventricular Septal Rupture after Percutaneous Coronary Intervention in Acute Myocardial Infarction

    OpenAIRE

    Park, Ji Young; Park, Seong Hoon; Oh, Ji Young; Kim, In Je; Lee, Yu Hyun; Park, Si Hoon; Kwon, Ki Hwan

    2005-01-01

    In the era before reperfusion therapy, ventricular septal rupture complicated 1~3% of acute myocardial infarctions (AMI) usually 3-5 days after onset. Studies have reported a positive correlation between the incidence of septal perforation and total occlusion of the coronary arteries. A 70-year old female patient was referred to the emergency room with the diagnosis of acute anterior myocardial infarction (MI) and recent cerebral infarction. The coronary angiogram showed a 90% stenosis at the...

  1. Asymmetric septal hypertrophy - a marker of hypertension in aortic stenosis (a SEAS substudy)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tuseth, Nora; Cramariuc, Dana; Rieck, Ashild E;

    2010-01-01

    Some patients with aortic stenosis develop asymmetric septal hypertrophy (ASH) that may influence the surgical approach and is associated with higher perioperative morbidity. The aim of this analysis was to characterize further this subtype of aortic stenosis patients.......Some patients with aortic stenosis develop asymmetric septal hypertrophy (ASH) that may influence the surgical approach and is associated with higher perioperative morbidity. The aim of this analysis was to characterize further this subtype of aortic stenosis patients....

  2. The epidemiology of cardiovascular defects, part I: a study based on data from three large registries of congenital malformations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pradat, P; Francannet, C; Harris, J A; Robert, E

    2003-01-01

    To analyze complex and noncomplex cardiac malformations regarding prevalence and in relation to demographic variables, we pooled data on infants (age 1 year or younger) with congenital cardiovascular defects from three large birth defect registries in California, Sweden, and France. Altogether, 12,932 infants had one or more congenital heart defects out of 4.4 million live births and stillbirths. The registries in Sweden and France obtained data through reporting from various sources; in California, medical records were reviewed. As expected, definitions and ascertained conditions differed among each of the registries. The total rates for severe defects were similar (1.43 per 1,000), but differed for specific defects. Clear differences in epidemiological characteristics existed for specific defects; for example, severe cardiac defects sex ratios were significantly high for hypoplastic left heart syndrome, d-transposition of great vessels, double outlet right ventricle, total anoralous pulmonary venous return, tetralogy of Fallot, and significantly low for pulmonary atresia without ventricular septal defect and endocardial cushion defect. Few defects were similar for several epidemiological characteristics, but, for example, the combination of ventricular and atrial septal defects appeared equivalent with endocardial cushion defect under some circumstances, yet behaved differently with regard to associated noncardiovascular defects. PMID:12632215

  3. Modulation by arginine vasopressin of glutamate excitation in the ventral septal area of the rat brain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Disturnal, J E; Veale, W L; Pittman, Q J

    1987-01-01

    Arginine vasopressin is hypothesized to act as a neurotransmitter or neuromodulator in the ventral septal area of the rat brain. To examine this role of vasopressin further, it was applied by microiontophoresis or micropressure from multiple-barrelled micropipettes onto spontaneously active or glutamate-activated neurons. Applied in this manner, vasopressin reduced glutamate-evoked excitation in 32 of the 47 cells studied. Further, micropressure application of the vasopressin antagonist d(CH2)5Tyr(Me)AVP reversed the vasopressin effects. In contrast, administration of vasopressin had no effect on excitations evoked by acetylcholine iontophoresis or on the spontaneous activity of the majority of the ventral septal neurons studied. These observations suggest that vasopressin may be acting on a V1-like receptor on specific neurons in the ventral septal area as a modulator of glutamate actions. Evoked responses were also obtained in the same population of ventral septal cells following stimulation of a variety of limbic areas. Inhibitory input onto most of the vasopressin responsive neurons studied was obtained following electrical stimulation of the paraventricular nucleus and bed nucleus of the stria terminalis, two cell groupings that are potential sources of vasopressin to the ventral septal area. Thus, the similarity in action of exogenously applied vasopressin and the evoked responses following paraventricular nucleus and bed nucleus stimulation suggests that vasopressin may be a neurotransmitter in this pathway. PMID:3567716

  4. Epidemiological study of congenital heart defects in children and adolescents: analysis of 4,538 cases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nelson Itiro Miyague

    2003-03-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To analyze the frequency and prevalence of congenital heart defects in a tertiary care center for children with heart diseases. METHODS: We carried out an epidemiological assessment of the first medical visit of 4,538 children in a pediatric hospital from January 1995 to December 1997. All patients with congenital heart defects had their diagnoses confirmed at least on echocardiography. The frequency and prevalence of the anomalies were computed according to the classification of sequential analysis. Age, weight, and sex were compared between the groups of healthy individuals and those with congenital heart defects after distribution according to the age group. RESULTS: Of all the children assessed, 2,017 (44.4% were diagnosed with congenital heart disease, 201 (4.4% with acquired heart disease, 52 (1.2% with arrhythmias, and 2,268 (50% were healthy children. Congenital heart diseases predominated in neonates and infants, corresponding to 71.5% of the cases. Weight and age were significantly lower in children with congenital heart defects. Ventricular septal defect was the most frequent acyanotic anomaly, and tetralogy of Fallot was the most frequent cyanotic anomaly. CONCLUSION: Children with congenital heart defects are mainly referred during the neonatal period and infancy with impairment in gaining weight. Ventricular septal defect is the most frequent heart defect.

  5. Double Aneuploidy 48,XXY,+21 Associated with a Congenital Heart Defect in a Neonate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shu, X; Zou, C; Shen, Z

    2013-12-01

    A neonate with a double aneuploidy associated with congenital heart defect (CHD) suffered from cyanosis after birth. He had typical features of Down syndrome (DS) including hypertelorism, slightly lowset ears with protruding pinna. Doppler echocardiography indicated complex congenital heart disease with an ostium secundum atrial septal defect, enlarged right ventricle, and mild tricuspid valve regurgitation. Further chromosomal analysis showed a karyotype of 48,XXY,+21: a double aneuploidy of DS and Klinefelter syndrome (KS). Until now, only seven cases of double aneuploidy associated with CHD defect have been reported. PMID:24778570

  6. Nasal airway and septal variation in unilateral and bilateral cleft lip and palate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Starbuck, John M; Friel, Michael T; Ghoneima, Ahmed; Flores, Roberto L; Tholpady, Sunil; Kula, Katherine

    2014-10-01

    Cleft lip and palate (CLP) affects the dentoalveolar and nasolabial facial regions. Internal and external nasal dysmorphology may persist in individuals born with CLP despite surgical interventions. 7-18 year old individuals born with unilateral and bilateral CLP (n = 50) were retrospectively assessed using cone beam computed tomography. Anterior, middle, and posterior nasal airway volumes were measured on each facial side. Septal deviation was measured at the anterior and posterior nasal spine, and the midpoint between these two locations. Data were evaluated using principal components analysis (PCA), multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA), and post-hoc ANOVA tests. PCA results show partial separation in high dimensional space along PC1 (48.5% variance) based on age groups and partial separation along PC2 (29.8% variance) based on CLP type and septal deviation patterns. MANOVA results indicate that age (P = 0.007) and CLP type (P ≤ 0.001) significantly affect nasal airway volume and septal deviation. ANOVA results indicate that anterior nasal volume is significantly affected by age (P ≤ 0.001), whereas septal deviation patterns are significantly affected by CLP type (P ≤ 0.001). Age and CLP type affect nasal airway volume and septal deviation patterns. Nasal airway volumes tend to be reduced on the clefted sides of the face relative to non-clefted sides of the face. Nasal airway volumes tend to strongly increase with age, whereas septal deviation values tend to increase only slightly with age. These results suggest that functional nasal breathing may be impaired in individuals born with the unilateral and bilateral CLP deformity. PMID:24976342

  7. Percutaneous septal ablation for left mid-ventricular obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alioglu Emin

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Mid-ventricular obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (MVOHC is a rare type of cardiomyopathy. The diagnosis is based on the hourglass appearance on the left ventriculogram and the presence of pressure gradient between apical and basal chamber of the ventriculum on the hemodynamic assessment. Case presentation The present case represents successful percutaneous treatment with septal ablation to patient with MVOHC associated with systolic anterior motion of the mitral valve and obstruction at both the mid-ventricular and outflow levels. Conclusion Alcohol septal ablation has been proposed as less invasive alternatives to surgery in patients with MVOHC.

  8. The defect

    CERN Document Server

    Kuhlmann, Franz-Viktor

    2010-01-01

    We give an introduction to the valuation theoretical phenomenon of "defect", also known as "ramification deficiency". We describe the role it plays in deep open problems in positive characteristic: local uniformization (the local form of resolution of singularities), the model theory of valued fields, the structure theory of valued function fields. We give several examples of algebraic extensions with non-trivial defect. We indicate why Artin-Schreier defect extensions play a central role and describe a way to classify them. Further, we give an overview of various results about the defect that help to tame or avoid it, in particular "stability" theorems and theorems on "henselian rationality", and show how they are applied. Finally, we include a list of open problems.

  9. Left main coronary artery atresia and associated cardiac defects: report on concomitant surgical treatment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jatene, Marcelo; Juaneda, Ignacio; Miranda, Rogerio Dos Anjos; Gato, Rafaella; Marcial, Miguel Lorenzo Barbero

    2011-10-01

    A 9-year-old boy with congenital atresia of the left main coronary artery underwent myocardial revascularization. Coarctation of the aorta and ventricular septal defect were diagnosed at the age of 1 year. At age 7 years, the child presented with syncope while exercising. Preoperative evaluation included cardiac catheterization which revealed the unexpected finding of congenital atresia of the left main coronary artery with origin of the circumflex artery from the right coronary artery. Surgical correction included myocardial revascularization by means of left internal mammary artery graft to the anterior descending coronary artery, coarctation resection, and ventricular septal defect repair. The patient recovered uneventfully. We report the details of this extremely rare case with successful concomitant surgical management of the congenital coronary artery anomaly and the associated structural heart disease. PMID:23804483

  10. Direct transatrial pericardiocentesis for tamponade caused by left atrial perforation after trans-septal puncture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Picard, Fabien; Millán, Xavier; de Hemptinne, Quentin; L L'allier, Philippe

    2016-01-01

    Trans-septal puncture is associated with risks of serious complications. We report a case of an obese 52-year-old man with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy who underwent preoperative coronary angiography and cardiac catheterisation complicated by left atrial perforation. We describe a direct transatrial pericardiocentesis approach to treating cardiac tamponade. PMID:27389729

  11. Involvement of the Lateral Septal Area in the Expression of Fear Conditioning to Context

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reis, Daniel G.; Scopinho, America A.; Guimaraes, Francisco S.; Correa, Fernando M. A.; Resstel, Leonardo B. M.

    2010-01-01

    Considering the evidence that the lateral septal area (LSA) modulates defensive responses, the aim of the present study is to verify if this structure is also involved in contextual fear conditioning responses. Neurotransmission in the LSA was reversibly inhibited by bilateral microinjections of cobalt chloride (CoCl[subscript 2], 1 mM) 10 min…

  12. Difficult case of a trans-septal puncture: Use of a “SafeSept” guidewire

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Martina; Zucchetti; Michela; Casella; Antonio; Dello; Russo; Gaetano; Fassini; Corrado; Carbucicchio; Eleonora; Russo; Vittoria; Marino; Valentina; Catto; Claudio; Tondo

    2015-01-01

    A 69-year-old man was admitted to our center to undergo catheter ablation of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation refractory to antiarrhythmic drug therapy. This procedure required access to the left atrium through the interatrial septum. During hospitalization, the patient performed routinely pre-procedure transthoracic echocardiography and gadolinium-enhanced cardiac magnetic resonance showing a normal anatomy of both the fossa ovalis and the interatrial septum. Access to the left atrium proved difficult and several unsuccessful attempts to perform the trans-septal puncture were made under both fluoroscopy and intracardiac echocardiography guidance, even with radiofrequency energy delivery. Finally, trans-septal puncture was successfully carried out using a novel nitinol J-shaped "Safe Sept" trans-septal guidewire, designed to cross the interatrial septum through the trans-septal needle thanks to a special sharp tip. Moreover, thanks to its rounded J shape that reduces the risk of atrial perforation, the "Safe Sept" guidewire, when advanced into the left atrium, becomes atraumatic.

  13. Long-term clinical outcome after alcohol septal ablation for obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Veselka, Josef; Jensen, Morten Kvistholm; Liebregts, Max;

    2016-01-01

    AIMS: The first cases of alcohol septal ablation (ASA) for obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) were published two decades ago. Although the outcomes of single-centre and national ASA registries have been published, the long-term survival and clinical outcome of the procedure are still...

  14. Cardiac troponin I degradation in serum of patients with hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy undergoing percutaneous septal ablation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Lene H; Lund, Terje; Grieg, Zanina;

    2009-01-01

    : percutaneous transluminal septal myocardial ablation (PTSMA) of hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM). Here the iatrogenic induction of myocardial necrosis occurs in vivo, allowing us to investigate degradation of cTnI by the second. METHODS: Blood samples were obtained from 8 patients with HOCM just...

  15. Transcoronary ablation of septal hypertrophy compared with surgery in the treatment of hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜腾勇; 吴学思; 吕强; 孟旭; 贾长琪; 张银

    2004-01-01

    @@ Transcoronary ablation of septal hypertrophy (TASH)can lead to sustained improvement in both hemodynamics and symptoms in patients with hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy ( HOCM ) . 1-4 However, there have been few reports about its efficacy and safety compared with traditional surgical procedures. This study sought to compare TASH with surgery in the treatment of HOCM.

  16. Videodensitometric time-density curve change after alcohol septal ablation of obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nemes, A; Kalapos, A; Sasi, V; Ungi, T; Ungi, I; Forster, T; Sepp, R

    2015-02-01

    A recently developed computerized method for estimation of myocardial perfusion, based on the analysis of the time-density curves, is demonstrated to assess myocardial blush over a selected myocardial region of interest in a patient with obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy before and after alcohol septal ablation. PMID:23184598

  17. Magnetic resonance imaging in complete type endocardial cushion defect

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To evaluate the value and limitation of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in complete type endocardial cushion defect (ETECD). Methods: Eight patients (male 5, female 3) were scanned by MRI with ECG-gated spin echo (SE) and gradient echo (GE) cine techniques. The diagnosis of CTECD was made by X-ray plain film, echocardiography, X-ray right cardiac catheterization and angiocardiography, as well as MRI four patients were treated with operation. Results: Every chamber of the heart was enlarged, more serious in the right atrium and ventricle, with thickening of right ventricular wall on MRI in majority of cases. The endocardial cushion disappeared, so the four chambers of the heart were directly connected with each other, and presented a cross shape. Ventricular septal membrane defect and type I atrial septal defect were depicted also. The normal structure of mitral and tricuspid valves were not intact. There were 6 cases with pulmonary hypertension, 2 cases with Tetralogy of Fallot, 4 cases with right aorta arch and descending aorta, 1 patient with dextroverted heart and another with persistent left superior vena cava connected with coronary sinus. The cine MRI could directly depict the situation of left-right or right-left shunt at atrial and ventricular levels, and regurgitation from ventricles to atria, meanwhile the valves were depicted clearly. Conclusions: MRI can clearly demonstrate all anatomic deformation and complicated hemodynamic change of CTECD, as well as other coexistent deformations

  18. Berry syndrome in association with familial limb malformation.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Shahdadpuri, R

    2012-02-01

    We describe a newborn boy diagnosed with Berry syndrome consisting of a distal aortopulmonary septal defect, aortic origin of the right pulmonary artery, and interruption of the aorta. The child was noted to have reduplication of the right thumb. The child\\'s mother had a claw malformation of her left hand but a normal cardiovascular status. Genetic analysis for TBX5 and SALL4 mutations were negative in both the patient and his mother. This case describes the first ever report of Berry syndrome in an infant with reduplication of the right thumb and familial limb malformation.

  19. Surgical repair of partial atrioventricular defect.

    Science.gov (United States)

    El-Rassi, Issam; Charafedine, Fatimah; Majdalani, Mariane; Arabi, Mariam; Khater, Daniele; Bitar, Fadi

    2015-01-01

    Long-term survival rate of patients operated for partial atrioventricular (AV) canal is lower than that of the general population, and late complications are relatively significant: between 10 and 30% of operated patients present with left AV valve regurgitation, and up to 25% have to be reoperated for valve repair or replacement, left ventricular outflow tract obstruction or residual atrial septal defect. Because the left AV valve regurgitation is the most common complication following surgery, technical details in the surgical management of the mitral valve are the most important aspects of this procedure; for example, the decision to close the cleft and to perform an annuloplasty. The presence of mitral valve anomalies in 7-28% of the cases complicates further the surgical management of these valves. This article will describe in detail the operative technique of partial AV canal repair, and review the relevant literature. PMID:26685152

  20. A light-reflecting balloon catheter for atraumatic tissue defect repair.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roche, Ellen T; Fabozzo, Assunta; Lee, Yuhan; Polygerinos, Panagiotis; Friehs, Ingeborg; Schuster, Lucia; Whyte, William; Casar Berazaluce, Alejandra Maria; Bueno, Alejandra; Lang, Nora; Pereira, Maria J N; Feins, Eric; Wasserman, Steven; O'Cearbhaill, Eoin D; Vasilyev, Nikolay V; Mooney, David J; Karp, Jeffrey M; Del Nido, Pedro J; Walsh, Conor J

    2015-09-23

    A congenital or iatrogenic tissue defect often requires closure by open surgery or metallic components that can erode tissue. Biodegradable, hydrophobic light-activated adhesives represent an attractive alternative to sutures, but lack a specifically designed minimally invasive delivery tool, which limits their clinical translation. We developed a multifunctional, catheter-based technology with no implantable rigid components that functions by unfolding an adhesive-loaded elastic patch and deploying a double-balloon design to stabilize and apply pressure to the patch against the tissue defect site. The device uses a fiber-optic system and reflective metallic coating to uniformly disperse ultraviolet light for adhesive activation. Using this device, we demonstrate closure on the distal side of a defect in porcine abdominal wall, stomach, and heart tissue ex vivo. The catheter was further evaluated as a potential tool for tissue closure in vivo in rat heart and abdomen and as a perventricular tool for closure of a challenging cardiac septal defect in a large animal (porcine) model. Patches attached to the heart and abdominal wall with the device showed similar inflammatory response as sutures, with 100% small animal survival, indicating safety. In the large animal model, a ventricular septal defect in a beating heart was reduced to <1.6 mm. This new therapeutic platform has utility in a range of clinical scenarios that warrant minimally invasive and atraumatic repair of hard-to-reach defects. PMID:26400910

  1. SpoIIB Localizes to Active Sites of Septal Biogenesis and Spatially Regulates Septal Thinning during Engulfment in Bacillus subtilis

    OpenAIRE

    Perez, Ana R.; Abanes-De Mello, Angelica; Pogliano, Kit

    2000-01-01

    A key step in the Bacillus subtilis spore formation pathway is the engulfment of the forespore by the mother cell, a phagocytosis-like process normally accompanied by the loss of peptidoglycan within the sporulation septum. We have reinvestigated the role of SpoIIB in engulfment by using the fluorescent membrane stain FM 4-64 and deconvolution microscopy. We have found that spoIIB mutant sporangia display a transient engulfment defect in which the forespore pushes through the septum and bulge...

  2. Growth activity in human septal cartilage: age-dependent incorporation of labeled sulfate in different anatomic locations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vetter, U.; Pirsig, W.; Heinze, E.

    1983-02-01

    Growth activity in different areas of human septal cartilage was measured by the in vitro incorporation of /sup 35/S-labeled NaSO/sub 4/ into chondroitin sulfate. Septal cartilage without perichondrium was obtained during rhinoplasty from 36 patients aged 6 to 35 years. It could be shown that the anterior free end of the septum displays high growth activity in all age groups. The supra-premaxillary area displayed its highest growth activity during prepuberty, showing thereafter a continuous decline during puberty and adulthood. A similar age-dependent pattern in growth activity was found in the caudal prolongation of the septal cartilage. No age-dependent variations could be detected in the posterior area of the septal cartilage.

  3. Study Of The Effect Of Nasal- Septal Deviation On The Middle Ear Pressure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Motesaddi Zarandi M

    2003-10-01

    Full Text Available Eustachian tube connects middle ear space to the nasopharyngeal space. Upper airway obstruction, with any cause, can derange Eustachian tube function. Nasal septal deviation is one of the prevalent causes of upper airway obstruction which can affects the ventilation function of Eustachian tube."nMaterials and Methods: This study was conducted on the patients who underwent septoplasty due to severe septal deviation leading to unilateral nasal obstruction in Amiraalam hospital from summer of 1378 till the spring of 1379."nResults: There was 140 patients whose data were as: female patients 34 (24.3% male patients 106 (75.7%, mean age (22.7. Median age (20 years and mode of age (18 years of age. they were from 12 to 40 years of age."nConclusion: Comparison between preoperative and postoperative middle ear pressures shows no any significant statistical difference (p=0.798.

  4. The cristal (right superior septal) coronary artery and its relationship to anomalous left coronary origin

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The cristal artery is an occasional finding, being visible in around 3% of coronary angiograms, arising from the proximal right coronary artery (RCA) and passing downwards and forwards through the muscle of the crista superventricularis. It supplies a variable volume of the superior interventricular septum, and can contribute to collateralization of the other septal vessels. When part or all of the left coronary artery (LCA) arises anomalously from the right coronary sinus, its passage to the left may be in the same pathway as a cristal artery, bearing a tell-tale septal vessel arising from its proximal segment. This helps to differentiate it from one that has a higher pathway, running between the great vessels, and which may have a greater correlation with sudden cardiac death.

  5. The role of septal surgery in management of the deviated nose.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foda, Hossam M T

    2005-02-01

    The deviated nose represents a complex cosmetic and functional problem. Septal surgery plays a central role in the successful management of the externally deviated nose. This study included 260 patients seeking rhinoplasty to correct external nasal deviations; 75 percent of them had various degrees of nasal obstruction. Septal surgery was necessary in 232 patients (89 percent), not only to improve breathing but also to achieve a straight, symmetrical, external nose as well. A graduated surgical approach was adopted to allow correction of the dorsal and caudal deviations of the nasal septum without weakening its structural support to the dorsum or nasal tip. The approach depended on full mobilization of deviated cartilage, followed by straightening of the cartilage and its fixation in the corrected position by using bony splinting grafts through an external rhinoplasty approach. PMID:15692343

  6. Right ventricular systolic and diastolic functions assessed by 81mKr scintigraphy and relation to ventricular septal ischemia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Right ventricular (RV) systolic and diastolic functions were assessed in patients with previous anteroseptal myocardial infarction to ascertain the influence of interventricular septal ischemia on RV function. Gated right ventriculography with continuous infusion of krypton-81 m was performed in 12 normal subjects and 28 patients with infarction but without significant stenosis of the right coronary artery. Furthermore, RV contractile reserve by postextrasystolic potentiation was evaluated by gated radionuclide ventriculography with 99mTc-HSA. The patients with anteroseptal infarction were divided into two groups by the presence or absence of three hours' redistribution in the septal region on exercise thallium-201 myocardial scintigraphy. Two indices of systolic function (ejection fraction and the peak ejection rate) and three indices of diastolic function (1/3 diastolic filling rate, the peak filling rate and time to the peak filling rate) were derived from the right ventricular time-activity curve and its derivative curve. There was no difference in systolic function among normal subjects and patients with or without redistribution. However, diastolic function was impaired only in the patients without redistribution. The RV contractile reserve in the patients without redistribution was less than in those with it. Thus, RV systolic function was maintained in the patients with anteroseptal infarction, but contractile reserve deteriorated only in severe septal ischemia. Similarly, diastolic function was maintained in mild septal ischemia, but impaired in severe septal ischemia. We concluded that RV systolic and diastolic functions are closely related to interventricular septal ischemia. (author)

  7. Synaptic Targets of Medial Septal Projections in the Hippocampus and Extrahippocampal Cortices of the Mouse.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Unal, Gunes; Joshi, Abhilasha; Viney, Tim J; Kis, Viktor; Somogyi, Peter

    2015-12-01

    Temporal coordination of neuronal assemblies among cortical areas is essential for behavioral performance. GABAergic projections from the medial septum and diagonal band complex exclusively innervate GABAergic interneurons in the rat hippocampus, contributing to the coordination of neuronal activity, including the generation of theta oscillations. Much less is known about the synaptic target neurons outside the hippocampus. To reveal the contribution of synaptic circuits involving the medial septum of mice, we have identified postsynaptic cortical neurons in wild-type and parvalbumin-Cre knock-in mice. Anterograde axonal tracing from the septum revealed extensive innervation of the hippocampus as well as the subiculum, presubiculum, parasubiculum, the medial and lateral entorhinal cortices, and the retrosplenial cortex. In all examined cortical regions, many septal GABAergic boutons were in close apposition to somata or dendrites immunopositive for interneuron cell-type molecular markers, such as parvalbumin, calbindin, calretinin, N-terminal EF-hand calcium-binding protein 1, cholecystokinin, reelin, or a combination of these molecules. Electron microscopic observations revealed septal boutons forming axosomatic or axodendritic type II synapses. In the CA1 region of hippocampus, septal GABAergic projections exclusively targeted interneurons. In the retrosplenial cortex, 93% of identified postsynaptic targets belonged to interneurons and the rest to pyramidal cells. These results suggest that the GABAergic innervation from the medial septum and diagonal band complex contributes to temporal coordination of neuronal activity via several types of cortical GABAergic interneurons in both hippocampal and extrahippocampal cortices. Oscillatory septal neuronal firing at delta, theta, and gamma frequencies may phase interneuron activity. PMID:26631464

  8. THE EFFECT OF SEPTAL LESION ON NALOXONE INDUCED HYPOPHAGIA IN RATS

    OpenAIRE

    Gargate

    2014-01-01

    AIM : Ventromedial hypothalamus and lateral hypothalamus are well known for their role in regulation of food intake. Septum is key component of limbic system which has reciprocal connections with lateral hypothalamus. These septal projections to lateral hypothalamus are thought to affect food intake. Opioid system is one of the systems affecting food intake. Agonists of Opioid receptors increase food intake while antagonists of these receptors decrease food intake. Als...

  9. Interventricular septal rupture after myocardial infarction despite early percutaneous coronary intervention

    OpenAIRE

    Davran Cicek; Seher Gokay; Tonguc Saba; Ismail Sapmaz; Haldun Muderrisoglu

    2011-01-01

    Ventricular septal rupture (VSR) complicating acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is a serious clinical problem with high mortality rate due to cardiogenic shock or prolonged hemodynamic compromise. Despite multiple improvements in medical, interventional and surgical techniques, early and long-term prognosis after AMI related VSR still remain unpromising. We report a patient in whom an acute VSR was diagnosed 7 days after an anterior myocardial infarction treated with early primary percutaneou...

  10. Acute oral administration of low doses of methylphenidate targets calretinin neurons in the rat septal area.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alvaro eGarcía-Aviles

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Methylphenidate (MPD is a commonly administered drug to treat children suffering from attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD. Alterations in septal driven hippocampal theta rhythm may underlie attention deficits observed in these patients. Amongst others, the septo-hippocampal connections have long been acknowledged to be important in preserving hippocampal function. Thus, we wanted to ascertain if methylphenidate administration, which improves attention in patients, could affect septal areas connecting with hippocampus. We used low and orally administered methylphenidate doses (1.3; 2.7 and 5mg/Kg to rats what mimics the dosage range in humans. In our model, we observed no effect when using 1.3mg/Kg methylphenidate; whereas 2.7 and 5 mg/Kg induced a significant increase in c-fos expression specifically in the medial septum, an area intimately connected to the hippocampus. We analyzed dopaminergic areas such as nucleus accumbens and striatum, and found that only 5mg/Kg induced c-fos levels increase. In these areas tyrosine hydroxylase correlated well with c-fos staining, whereas in the medial septum the sparse tyrosine hydroxylase fibres did not overlap with c-fos positive neurons. Double immunofluorescence of c-fos with neuronal markers in the septal area revealed that co-localization with choline acethyl transferase, parvalbumin, and calbindin with c-fos did not change with MPD treatment; whereas, calretinin and c-fos double labeled neurons increased after MPD administration. Altogether, these results suggest that low and acute doses of methylphenidate primary target specific populations of caltretinin medial septal neurons.

  11. Papillary muscle hypertrophy as a structural abnormality in patients with asymmetric septal hypertrophy

    OpenAIRE

    Mehmet Kanadaţý; Esmeray Acartürk

    2003-01-01

    Introduction: Asymmetric septal hypertrophy (ASH) is the most classical abnormality in hypertrophic cardiomy-opathy (HCM). Segmental hypertrophy of the left ventricle is less frequently observed. Some cases with papillary muscle hypertrophy (PMH) particularly associated with apical HCM and also ASH has been reported. Aim of the study: The aim of this study was to determine the frequency of PMH in patients with ASH. Material and methods: Two-dimensional echocardiographic examinations were perf...

  12. TYMPANOPLASTY WITH SEPTAL CARTILAGE AND CORTICAL MASTOID BONE IN CHOLESTEATOMA PATIENTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Biram Singh

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE This study was conducted to find out the ideal graft between septal cartilage and cortical mastoid bone in Farrior’s type 3 tympanoplasty in cholesteatoma patients in terms of hearing improvement, graft status and recurrence rate of the disease after canal wall down mastoidectomy. METHODS This randomized controlled trial was conducted in a tertiary care centre and the procedure and data collections were carried out for one and a half calendar year with effect from September 2007 and each case was followed up for 6 months. The data were entered and calculated statistically using SPSS16 for windows. RESULTS The study shows significant hearing improvement in both the groups. The tympanoplasty type 3 with cortical mastoid bone had air bone gap less than 20dB in 40% of patients. In septal cartilage, tympanoplasty group air bone gap less than 20dB was observed in 36.4%. Retraction of graft developed in 1(2.4% out of 20 patients among cortical mastoid bone tympanoplasty group. Among 22 patients of septal cartilage tympanoplasty type 3, 2(4.8% patients had cartilage resorption and 3(7.1% had graft displacement. Of the total 42 patients, 2(4.8% developed recurrence of the disease. CONCLUSION Cholesteatoma management is controversial. Canal wall down mastoidectomy can reduce the recurrence of disease. The cortical mastoid bone and septal cartilage grafts can provide hearing improvement after tympanoplasty type 3. There is no significant difference in hearing improvement between the two grafts.

  13. Hippocampal infusions of pyruvate reverse the memory-impairing effects of septal muscimol infusions

    OpenAIRE

    Krebs, Desiree L.; Parent, Marise B.

    2005-01-01

    Hippocampal infusions of glucose reverse memory deficits in spontaneous alternation and in a continuous multiple trial inhibitory avoidance task. The current experiments tested whether glucose metabolism may participate in these effects of glucose. Specifically, these experiments determined whether the glycolytic metabolite pyruvate would mimic these effects of glucose. Male Sprague–Dawley rats were given septal infusions of vehicle or the gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) receptor agonist musci...

  14. Masking of Pressure Overload in a Patient with Pulmonary Thromboembolism Accompanied by Atrial Septal Aneurysm

    OpenAIRE

    Yu, Tae Kyung; Kim, Woo Shik; Kim, Weon

    2011-01-01

    A pulmonary thromboembolism (PTE) causes a dramatic pressure overload to the right heart. Previous case reports have shown that elevated right atrial pressure secondary to a PTE can cause right-to-left shunting in the presence of an atrial septal aneurysm (ASA). A 57-year-old female with diabetes, hypertension, and an old cerebral infarction was admitted to our hospital with acute PTE. Initial transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) showed an ASA swing from the right side to the left side, and r...

  15. Ventricular septal rupture caused by myocardial bridge, solved by interventional closure device

    OpenAIRE

    Zóka, András; Andréka, Péter; Becker, Dávid; Fontos, Géza; Merkely, Béla; Szabó, György; Szatmári, András; Bárczi, György

    2012-01-01

    Myocardial bridging is a common coronary anomaly, which is generally described as a benign phenomenon. However, a growing number of studies consider this anomaly a relevant pathophysiological phenomenon with serious pathological consequences. Here we report on the case of an 88-year-old woman suffering from myocardial infarction and ventricular septal rupture, lacking any recognizable coronary disease except for a myocardial bridge causing the systolic compression of the left anterior descend...

  16. Fechamento de perfuração septal nasal em coelhos com celulose bacteriana Nasal septal perforation closure with bacterial cellulose in rabbits

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eulógio Emílio Martinez Neto

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Biomateriais podem ser válidos à somação de tecido e estrutura para o fechamento da perfuração do septo nasal. OBJETIVO: Testar celulose produzida pela bactéria Acetobacter xylinum associada à cola biológica no fechamento de perfurações septais em coelhos. Comparar histologicamente fibrose, inflamação, congestão vascular, integridade do enxerto e fechamento da perfuração septal. MATERIAL E MÉTODO: Quinze coelhos foram distribuídos em dois grupos: Controle (5 coelhos e celulose - Bionext® associado à cola de fibrina - Tissucol® (10 coelhos. Foi realizada uma perfuração cirúrgica no septo nasal em todos os coelhos. Nos animais do grupo Bionext® foi realizado o fechamento da perfuração com a colocação de celulose e aplicação de cola de fibrina. RESULTADOS: Dois coelhos foram a óbito. No grupo com celulose ocorreu o fechamento de duas perfurações e em 4 casos a celulose manteve-se impactada entre os bordos das perfurações. No grupo controle não ocorreu fechamento da perfuração septal em nenhum dos coelhos operados. CONCLUSÃO: Não houve diferença estatística significante nos quesitos inflamação aguda, congestão vascular e fibrose, avaliado histologicamente. Nos casos onde o enxerto se manteve posicionado, não houve alteração quanto à sua integridade. Pode ser útil à somação do arsenal terapêutico como base para re-epitelização dos bordos da perfuração.Alloplastic materials can be used together with tissue and structure to close nasal septal perforation. AIM: to test cellulose use in the closure of septal perforation in rabbits and to compare fibrosis, inflammation, vascular congestion and graft integrity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifteen rabbits. The rabbits were divided into two groups: Control: Five rabbits and Bionext® and fibrin glue Tissucol®: Ten rabbits. Septal perforations were done in all of them. In the Bionext® group the closure was performed with the placement of cellulose

  17. Compound heterozygous or homozygous truncating MYBPC3 mutations cause lethal cardiomyopathy with features of noncompaction and septal defects

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wessels, Marja W.; Herkert, Johanna C.; Frohn-Mulder, Ingrid M.; Dalinghaus, Michiel; Van Den Wijngaard, Arthur; De Krijger, Ronald R.; Michels, Michelle; De Coo, Irenaeus Fm; Hoedemaekers, Yvonne M.; Dooijes, Dennis

    2015-01-01

    Familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is usually caused by autosomal dominant pathogenic mutations in genes encoding sarcomeric or sarcomere-associated cardiac muscle proteins. The disease mainly affects adults, although young children with severe HCM have also been reported. We describe four u

  18. Is Maternal Parity an Independent Risk Factor for Birth Defects?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duong, Hao T.; Hoyt, Adrienne T.; Carmichael, Suzan L.; Gilboa, Suzanne M.; Canfield, Mark A.; Case, Amy; McNeese, Melanie L.; Waller, Dorothy Kim

    2015-01-01

    BACKGROUND Although associations between maternal parity and birth defects have been observed previously, few studies have focused on the possibility that parity is an independent risk factor for birth defects. We investigated the relation between levels of parity and a range of birth defects, adjusting each defect group for the same covariates. METHODS We included infants who had an estimated delivery date between 1997 and 2007 and participated in the National Birth Defects Prevention Study, a multisite case-control study. Cases included infants or fetuses belonging to 38 phenotypes of birth defects (n = 17,908), and controls included infants who were unaffected by a major birth defect (n = 7173). Odds ratios (ORs) were adjusted for 12 covariates using logistic regression. RESULTS Compared with primiparous mothers, nulliparous mothers were more likely to have infants with amniotic band sequence, hydrocephaly, esophageal atresia, hypospadias, limb reduction deficiencies, diaphragmatic hernia, omphalocele, gastroschisis, tetralogy of Fallot, and septal cardiac defects, with significant ORs (1.2 to 2.3). Compared with primiparous mothers, multiparous mothers had a significantly increased risk of omphalocele, with an OR of 1.5, but had significantly decreased risk of hypospadias and limb reduction deficiencies, with ORs of 0.77 and 0.77. CONCLUSIONS Nulliparity was associated with an increased risk of specific phenotypes of birth defects. Most of the phenotypes associated with nulliparity in this study were consistent with those identified by previous studies. Research into biologic or environmental factors that are associated with nulliparity may be helpful in explaining some or all of these associations. PMID:22371332

  19. Relationship Between Polymorphism of Methylenetetrahydrofolate Dehydrogenase and Congenital Heart Defect

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JUN CHENG; WEN-LI ZHU; JING-JING DAO; SHU-QING LI; YONG LI

    2005-01-01

    Objective To investigate the relationship between G1958A gene polymorphism of methylenetetrahydrofolate dehydrogenase (MTHFD) and occurrence of congenital heart disease (CHD) in North China. Methods One hundred and ninety-two CHD patients and their parents were included in this study as case group in Liaoning Province by birth defect registration cards, and 124 healthy subjects (age and gender matched) and their parents were simultaneously selected from the same geographic area as control. Their gene polymorphism of MTHFD G1958A locus was examined with PCR-RFLP, and serum folic acid and homocysteine (Hcy) levels were tested with radio-immunoassay and fluorescence polarization immunoassay (FPIA). Results There existed gene polymorphism at MTHFD G1958A locus in healthy subjects living in North China. The percentages of GG, GA, and AA genotype were 57.98%, 35.57%, and 6.45% respectively, and the A allele frequency was 24.23%, which was significantly different from Western population. No difference was observed when comparing genotype distribution and allele frequency between the case and control groups, so was the result from the comparison between genders. The A allele frequency of arterial septal defect patients' mothers (10.87%) was significantly lower than that of controls (28.15%) (P=0.014), with OR=0.31 (95% CI: 0.09-0.84), and no difference in the other subgroups. The percentage of at least one parent carrying A allele in arterial septal defect subgroup (43.48%) was significantly lower than that in controls (69.64%) (P=0.017), with OR=0.34 (95% CI: 0.12-0.92). The analysis of genetic transmission indicated that there was no transmission disequillibrium in CHD nuclear families. Their serum folic acid level was significantly higher than that of controls (P=0.000), and Hcy level of the former was higher than that of the latter with no statistical significance (P>0.05). Serum Hcy and folic acid levels of mothers with gene mutation were lower than those of mothers

  20. Resultados a longo prazo da miectomia septal no tratamento da cardiomiopatia hipertrófica Long term results of septal myectomy in the treatment of obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiz Augusto Ferreira Lisboa

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Avaliação clínica e ecocardiográfica tardia da miectomia septal cirúrgica de pacientes com cardiomiopatia hipertrófica obstrutiva (CMHO. MÉTODOS: Foram analisados, retrospectivamente, 34 pacientes adultos (média de 55,7±15,2 anos portadores de CMHO operados consecutivamente na instituição entre 1988 e 2008. Apenas quatro (11,8% pacientes tinham conhecimento de história familiar para CMHO. Nove (26,5% pacientes apresentavam insuficiência cardíaca (NYHA classe funcional IV. Trinta (88,2% pacientes apresentavam CMHO isolada e, em quatro (11,8%, a CMHO estava associada à insuficiência coronária. A técnica cirúrgica utilizada em todos os casos foi a miectomia septal transaórtica. RESULTADOS: Em 26 (76,5% pacientes, a insuficiência mitral decorrente do movimento anterior sistólico regrediu após a miectomia. Em oito (23,5% pacientes, houve necessidade de abordagem da valva mitral. Houve um (2,9% óbito hospitalar. Dois (5,9% pacientes necessitaram de marcapasso definitivo no pós-operatório. Em média, o gradiente de pico pré-operatório na via de saída do ventrículo esquerdo, que era de 84,9±29,0 mmHg, diminuiu para 27,8±12,9 mmHg no pós-operatório inicial e caiu para 19,2±11,2 mmHg no pós-operatório tardio (49,0±33,0 meses. A classe funcional (NYHA que, em média, era de 3,1±0,8 passou para 1,4±0,5 no pós-operatório. Com seguimento médio de 9,6±8,4 anos, a sobrevida foi de 87,9% e a sobrevida livre de eventos cardiovasculares foi de 77,7%. CONCLUSÃO: A miectomia septal cirúrgica pode ser realizada de modo seguro, com excelente sobrevida, melhora dos sintomas e alívio da obstrução na via de saída do ventrículo esquerdo em pacientes com CMHO. Os benefícios iniciais se mantiveram a longo prazo.OBJECTIVE: This study analyzed the clinical and echocardiographic late outcomes of surgical septal myectomy in patients with obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (OHCM. METHODS: We examined

  1. The Prevalence of Concha Bullosa and Nasal Septal Deviation and Their Relationship to Maxillary Sinusitis by Volumetric Tomography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kyle D. Smith

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of concha bullosa and nasal septal deviation and their potential relationships to maxillary sinusitis. 883 CT scans taken at Creighton University School of Dentistry from 2005 to 2008 were retrospectively reviewed for the presence of concha bullosa, nasal septal deviation, and maxillary sinusitis. 67.5% of patients exhibited pneumatization of at least one concha, 19.4% of patients had a deviated septum, and 50.0% had mucosal thickening consistent with maxillary sinusitis. 49.3% of patients who had concha bullosa also had evidence of maxillary sinusitis. Only 19.5% of patients with concha bullosa also had nasal septal deviation, whereas 19.7% of patients with sinusitis also presented with nasal septal deviation. Although concha bullosa is a common occurrence in the nasal cavity, there did not appear to be a statistically significant relationship between the presence of concha bullosa or nasal septal deviation and maxillary sinusitis.

  2. Alcohol septal ablation in obstructive acromegalic hypertrophic cardiomyopathy - a first case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Viveiros Monteiro, André; Fiarresga, António; Cacela, Duarte; de Sousa, Lídia; Ramos, Ruben; Galrinho, Ana; Branco, Luísa; Cruz Ferreira, Rui

    2016-09-01

    Acromegaly is a rare disease, mostly caused by a growth hormone (GH)-secreting benign pituitary tumor, with an increased production of GH and insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1). Cardiovascular complications are common and are associated with cardiomyocyte apoptosis and concentric cardiac hypertrophy. Suppression of GH and IGF-1 appears to improve cardiac function only in the short term, with little or no decrease in left ventricular mass or improvement in cardiac function after prolonged treatment. Alcohol septal ablation (ASA) has emerged as a minimally invasive alternative to septal myectomy, with significant improvement in symptoms, gradients and left ventricular remodeling. In this report, we describe the case of a 73-year-old woman with acromegaly due to a pituitary adenoma diagnosed and treated surgically at the age of 38 but with recurrence and reoperation at the age of 50. She was referred to our cardiology department due to a three-month history of progressively worsening exercise-induced dyspnea and orthopnea under optimal medical therapy. Echocardiography and magnetic resonance imaging revealed severe basal hypertrophy of the interventricular septum (19 mm), dynamic left ventricular outflow tract obstruction with a gradient of 70 mmHg at rest and 120 mmHg with Valsalva maneuver, and systolic anterior movement (SAM). Genetic testing excluded the most frequent forms of familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. ASA was performed with injection of 2 cc of alcohol in the first septal branch of the left coronary artery, without complications. At one-year reassessment, significant clinical and echocardiographic improvement was noted, with disappearance of SAM. To our knowledge, there have been no previously reported cases of ASA in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy due to acromegaly. We report a case of successful ASA in acromegalic cardiomyopathy. PMID:27503591

  3. Presynaptic modulation of 5-HT release in the rat septal region.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rutz, S; Riegert, C; Rothmaier, A K; Jackisch, R

    2007-05-11

    5-HT released from serotonergic axon terminals in the septal nuclei modulates the activity of septal output neurons (e.g. septohippocampal cholinergic neurons) bearing somatodendritic 5-HT receptors. Therefore, we studied the mechanisms involved in the presynaptic modulation of 5-HT release in the lateral (LS) and medial septum (MS), and the diagonal band of Broca (DB). HPLC analysis showed that tissue concentrations of noradrenaline, dopamine and 5-HT were highest in DB (DB>MS>LS). Slices prepared from LS, MS and DB regions were preincubated with [(3)H]5-HT, superfused in the presence of 6-nitro-2-(1-piperazinyl)-quinoline (6-nitroquipazine) and electrically stimulated up to three times (first electrical stimulation period (S(1)), S(2), S(3); 360 pulses, 3 Hz, 2 ms, 26-28 mA). In all septal regions the Ca(2+)-dependent and tetrodotoxin-sensitive electrically-evoked overflow of [(3)H] was inhibited by the 5-HT(1B) agonist CP-93,129 and the alpha(2)-adrenoceptor agonist 5-bromo-6-(2-imidazolin-2-ylamino)-quinoxaline tartrate (UK-14,304). Also the mu- and kappa-opioid receptor agonists (d-Ala(2), N-Me-Phe(4), glycinol(5))-enkephalin (DAMGO) and [trans-(1S,2S(-3,4-dichloro-N-methyl-N-[2-(1-pyrrolidinyl) cyclohexyl]-benzenacetamide hydro-chloride] (U-50,488H), respectively, acted inhibitory (although less potently), whereas the delta-opioid receptor agonist (d-Pen(2), d-Pen(5))-enkephalin (DPDPE), the dopamine D(2) receptor agonist quinpirole and the adenosine A(1) receptor agonist N(6)-cyclopentyladenosine were all ineffective; the GABA(B) receptor agonist baclofen had weak effects. All inhibitory effects of the agonists were antagonized by the corresponding antagonists (3-[3-(dimethylamino)propyl]-4-hydroxy-N-[4-(4-pyridinyl)phenyl]benzamide dihydrochloride (GR-55,562), idazoxan, naloxone, nor-binaltorphimine), which also significantly enhanced the evoked release of 5-HT at S(1). It is concluded that 5-HT release in septal nuclei of the rat is modulated by

  4. Phase image showing pseudoparadoxical septal motion in case of rupture of the chordae tendineae

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    When observing a phase image with an apparent dykinetic behaviour of the intraventricular septum, a differential diagnosis between conditions with true paradoxical septal motion and conditions of apparent paradoxical movement due to other causes is necessary, like in the case reported here. In a patient with a good EF value and a high RI, ventricular wall motion has to be scrutinized by cinedisplay, since it may show a vigorous contraction and rotation of the heart to the left. A recent sudden valvular insufficiency has to be considered likely due to a myxomatous change of the mitral valvular apparatus. (orig.)

  5. Neural Tube Defects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neural tube defects are birth defects of the brain, spine, or spinal cord. They happen in the first month ... that she is pregnant. The two most common neural tube defects are spina bifida and anencephaly. In spina bifida, ...

  6. Predominant location of coronary artery atherosclerosis in the left anterior descending artery. The impact of septal perforators and the myocardial bridging effect

    OpenAIRE

    Wasilewski, Jarosław; Niedziela, Jacek; Osadnik, Tadeusz; Duszańska, Agata; Sraga, Wojciech; Desperak, Piotr; Myga-Porosiło, Jolanta; Jackowska, Zuzanna; Nowakowski, Andrzej; Głowacki, Jan

    2015-01-01

    Introduction Coronary artery atherosclerosis presents characteristic patterns of plaque distribution despite systemic exposure to risk factors. We hypothesized that local hemodynamic forces induced by the systolic compression of intramuscular septal perforators could be involved in atherosclerotic processes in the left anterior descending artery (LAD) adjacent to the septal perforators’ origin. Therefore we studied the spatial distribution of atherosclerosis in coronary arteries, especially i...

  7. Betaine supplementation reduces congenital defects after prenatal alcohol exposure (Conference Presentation)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karunamuni, Ganga; Gu, Shi; Doughman, Yong Qiu; Sheehan, Megan M.; Ma, Pei; Peterson, Lindsy M.; Linask, Kersti K.; Jenkins, Michael W.; Rollins, Andrew M.; Watanabe, Michiko

    2016-03-01

    Over 500,000 women per year in the United States drink during pregnancy, and 1 in 5 of this population also binge drink. As high as 20-50% of live-born children with prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) present with congenital heart defects including outflow and valvuloseptal anomalies that can be life-threatening. Previously we established a model of PAE (modeling a single binge drinking episode) in the avian embryo and used optical coherence tomography (OCT) imaging to assay early-stage cardiac function/structure and late-stage cardiac defects. At early stages, alcohol/ethanol-exposed embryos had smaller cardiac cushions and increased retrograde flow. At late stages, they presented with gross morphological defects in the head and chest wall, and also exhibited smaller or abnormal atrio-ventricular (AV) valves, thinner interventricular septae (IVS), and smaller vessel diameters for the aortic trunk branches. In other animal models, the methyl donor betaine (found naturally in many foods such as wheat bran, quinoa, beets and spinach) ameliorates neurobehavioral deficits associated with PAE but the effects on heart structure are unknown. In our model of PAE, betaine supplementation led to a reduction in gross structural defects and appeared to protect against certain types of cardiac defects such as ventricular septal defects and abnormal AV valvular morphology. Furthermore, vessel diameters, IVS thicknesses and mural AV leaflet volumes were normalized while the septal AV leaflet volume was increased. These findings highlight the importance of betaine and potentially methylation levels in the prevention of PAE-related birth defects which could have significant implications for public health.

  8. Maternal exposure to traffic-related air pollution and birth defects in Massachusetts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Girguis, Mariam S; Strickland, Matthew J; Hu, Xuefei; Liu, Yang; Bartell, Scott M; Vieira, Verónica M

    2016-04-01

    Exposures to particulate matter with diameter of 2.5µm or less (PM2.5) may influence risk of birth defects. We estimated associations between maternal exposure to prenatal traffic-related air pollution and risk of cardiac, orofacial, and neural tube defects among Massachusetts births conceived 2001 through 2008. Our analyses included 2729 cardiac, 255 neural tube, and 729 orofacial defects. We used satellite remote sensing, meteorological and land use data to assess PM2.5 and traffic-related exposures (distance to roads and traffic density) at geocoded birth addresses. We calculated adjusted odds ratios (OR) and confidence intervals (CI) using logistic regression models. Generalized additive models were used to assess spatial patterns of birth defect risk. There were positive but non-significant associations for a 10µg/m(3) increase in PM2.5 and perimembranous ventricular septal defects (OR=1.34, 95% CI: 0.98, 1.83), patent foramen ovale (OR=1.19, 95% CI: 0.92, 1.54) and patent ductus arteriosus (OR=1.20, 95% CI: 0.95, 1.62). There was a non-significant inverse association between PM2.5 and cleft lip with or without palate (OR=0.76, 95% CI: 0.50, 1.10), cleft palate only (OR=0.89, 95% CI: 0.54, 1.46) and neural tube defects (OR=0.77, 95% CI: 0.46, 1.05). Results for traffic related exposure were similar. Only ostium secundum atrial septal defects displayed significant spatial variation after accounting for known risk factors. PMID:26705853

  9. The Effect of Nasal Septal Perforation and its Treatment on Objective Sleep and Breathing Parameters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boynuegri, Suleyman; Cayonu, Melih; Tuna, Evrim Unsal; Kurukahvecioglu, Selma; Ozcan, Kursat Murat; Turkay, Burak; Cingi, Cemal

    2016-01-01

    Background Nasal septal perforation (NSP) may alter nasal airflow patterns and physiology. To the best of our knowledge, no studies in the English literature have investigated the effect of NSP and its treatment on polysomnographic parameters. In this study, we aimed to investigate polysomnographic parameters in patients with NSP as well as changes in those parameters after treatment of NSP. Material/Methods Nineteen patients diagnosed with NSP were included in the study. All patients had baseline and post-procedure polysomnographies (PSG) after insertion of silicone septal button for closure of NSP. Results Both median AHI [5.30 (14.40) vs. 2.40 (14.50)] and median supine AHI [10.00 (42.10) vs. 6.60 (37.00)] decreased after correction of the perforation. There was a large reduction in median supine AHI in patients with a perforation size >66 mm2 [10.10 (34.15) vs. 1.60 (28.30)]. Conclusions We conclude that NSP did not cause any deterioration in objective sleep parameters as determined by PSG, other than a decrease in REM sleep duration and an increase in supine AHI. Correction of NSP did not affect REM duration and supine AHI decreased after treatment. PMID:26878399

  10. Urgent hybrid approach in treatment of the acute myocardial infarction complicated by the ventricular septal rupture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Radosavljević-Radovanović Mina

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Ventricular septal rupture (VSR in the acute myocardial infarction (AMI is a rare but very serious complication, still associated with high mortality, despite significant improvements in pharmacological and surgical treatment. Therefore, hybrid approaches are introduced as new therapeutical options. Case Outline. We present an urgent hybrid approach, consisting of the initial percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI of the infarct-related artery, followed by immediate surgical closure of the ventricular septal rupture, for treatment of high risk, hemodynamically unstable female patient with AMI caused by one-vessel disease and complicated by VSR and cardiogenic shock. Since the operative risk was also very high (EUROSCORE II 37%, this therapeutic decision was based on the assumption that preoperative PCI could promptly establish blood flow and thereby lessen the risks, duration and complexity of urgent cardiosurgical intervention, performed on the same day. This approach proved to be successful and the patient was discharged from the hospital on the fifteenth postoperative day in stable condition. Conclusion. In selected cases, with high operative risk and unstable hemodynamic state due to AMI complicated by VSR, urgent hybrid approach consisting of the initial PCI followed by surgical closure of VSR may represent an acceptable treatment option and contribute to the treatment of this complex group of patients.

  11. Prevalence of Congenital Heart Defects in Children with Down’s Syndrome in Imam Khomeini Hospital, Tehran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M Ghasemi

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available Background: The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of congenital heart defects in children with Downs syndrome in Imam Khomeini Hospital in a period of 2 years (2001-2002. Methods: Based on their medical files and echocardiographies, 32 patients with Down’s syndrome were evaluated during study. Findings: The cytogenetic analysis in these patients (19 males and 13 females revealed that 29 cases (90.7% had trisomy 21, 2 cases (6.2% had translocation and only one case (3.1% was mosaic. Family history for heart diseases was positive in 2 patients (6.2%. The findings of echocardiography were as follow: endocardial cushion defect (ECD in 16 cases (50%, ventricular septal defect (VSD in 7 cases (21.8%, atrial septal defect (ASD in 6 cases (18.7%, tetralogy of Fallot (TOF in 2 cases (6.2%, patent ductus arteriousus (PDA in one case (3.1%. Conclusions: The diagnosis of congenital heart defects in children with Down’s syndrome is crucial because treating them in due course results in dramatical decrease in the mortality and morbidity rates of these patients.

  12. Congenital heart defects in children with oral clefts

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    Nahvi H.

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available   Background: Oral clefts are among the most common congenital anomalies. Infants with oral clefts often have other associated congenital defects, especially congenital heart defects. The reported incidences and the types of associated malformations and congenital heart defects vary between different studies. The purpose of this study was to assess the incidence of associated congenital heart defects in children with oral clefts. Methods: All infants with cleft lip and palate referred to the Children's Medical Center and Bahramy; the teaching Hospitals of the Tehran University of Medical Sciences from 1991 to 2005 were prospectively enrolled in this study group. All patients were examined and noted by an academic cleft team contain; a pediatrician and a pediatric surgeon, and received cardiac consultation and echocardiography by a pediatric cardiologist. non cardiac associated anomalies, still born and patients without echocardiography were excluded from the study.  Data including age, gender, exposure to contagions and high risk elements ,consanguinity and familial history of oral cleft, type of oral cleft, results of cardiac consultation and echocardiography and associated cardiac anomalies were cumulated and analyzed by SSPS version 13.5Results: Among the 284 infants with oral clefts, 162 were male (57% and 122 were female (43%. Seventy-nine patients (27.8% had cleft lip, 84 (29.5% had cleft palate and 121 (42.6% had both cleft lip and palate. Of all the patients, 21.1% had congenital heart defects. the most common type Of these congenital heart defects(28.3%  was atrial septal defect.Conclusions: For patients with cleft lip and palate, we recommend preoperative cardiac consultation, careful examination and routine echocardiography for associated cardiac anomalies, as well as appropriate management and prophylactic antibiotic therapy for those with associated congenital heart anomaly.

  13. 3D transesophageal echocardiography is a decision-making tool for the management of cardiogenic shock following a large postinfarction ventricular defect

    OpenAIRE

    Liu, Yihua; Frikha, Zied; Maureira, Pablo; Levy, Bruno; Selton-Suty, Christine; Villemot, Jean-pierre; Huttin, Olivier

    2015-01-01

    Postinfarction ventricular septal defect (PIVSD) is a devastating mechanical complication following acute myocardial infarction. The management of this pathology is quite challenging, especially in case of complicated cardiogenic shock. The difficulties lie in the timing and type of intervention. Debates exist with regard to immediate versus deferring repair, as well as open repair versus percutaneous closure. The anatomic characteristics and hemodynamic consequence of PIVSD are important ele...

  14. The threshold of human endurance: 60 years of a congenital heart defect.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodrigues, Bruno; Moreira, Davide; Delgado, Anne; Gama, Pedro; Nascimento, Celeste; Pipa, João; Santos, Oliveira

    2011-01-01

    Long term survival in patients with partial atrioventricular septal defect (PAVSD) without adequate surgical management is very rare. The authors present the case of a 60 year-old woman who was referred to our hospital with dyspnea and worsening of general condition. A heart defect was diagnosed at the age of 25 years, but at the time the patient declined surgery. The patient underwent echocardiographic and haemodynamic evaluation prior to corrective surgery. The present report highlights the complications of chronic volume overload due to a congenital cardiac defect characterized by left--to-right shunts and atrio-ventricular valvular regurgitation with its haemodynamic implications. Despite the haemodynamic burden, the patient underwent successful corrective surgery, demonstrating the resilience of human endurance facing various comorbidities. PMID:23610764

  15. The Memory-Impairing Effects of Septal GABA Receptor Activation Involve GABAergic Septo-Hippocampal Projection Neurons

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krebs-Kraft, Desiree L.; Wheeler, Marina G.; Parent, Marise B.

    2007-01-01

    Septal infusions of the [gamma]-aminobutyric acid (GABA)[subscript A] agonist muscimol impair memory, and the effect likely involves the hippocampus. GABA[subscript A] receptors are present on the perikarya of cholinergic and GABAergic septo-hippocampal (SH) projections. The current experiments determined whether GABAergic SH projections are…

  16. Bacterial flora and the epidemiology of staphylococcus aureus in the nose among patients with symptomatic nasal septal perforations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hulterström, Anna Karin; Sellin, Mats; Monsen, Tor; Widerström, Micael; Gurram, Bharath Kumar; Berggren, Diana

    2016-06-01

    Conclusions Patients with symptomatic perforations of the nasal septum had a high prevalence of S. aureus in the nasal mucosa. Pulsed field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) analysis revealed a high genetic heterogeneity of S. aureus among both patients and controls. This indicates that presence of different strains of S. aureus can maintain a chronic inflammation in symptomatic nasal septal perforations. Objective The purpose of this study was to investigate the microbial flora around nasal septal perforations in patients having severe symptoms regarding bleeding, obstruction, and crustation associated with their perforation. Methods Twenty-five patients with untreated symptomatic nasal septal perforations were included. For culture, swabs around the perforations were collected. Bacteria were identified with standard laboratory techniques including a MALDI-TOF mass spectrometer. Epidemiological analysis was done using PFGE protocols. Bacteriological data were compared with data from a healthy control group. Results Staphylococcus aureus was present in the mucosa surrounding the nasal perforation significantly more often (p S. aureus strains revealed a high genetic heterogeneity and no specific S. aureus genotypes were associated with septal perforation. PMID:26852671

  17. Differential modulation of lateral septal vasopressin receptor blockade in spatial learning, social recognition, and anxiety-related behaviors in rats

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Everts, HGJ; Koolhaas, JM

    1999-01-01

    The role of lateral septal vasopressin (VP) in the modulation of spatial memory, social memory, and anxiety-related behavior was studied in adult, male Wistar rats. Animals were equipped with osmotic minipumps delivering the VP-antagonist d(CH2)5-D-Tyr(Et)VAVP (1 ng/0.5 mu l per h) bilaterally into

  18. Value of Multidimensional Modeling in Planning Surgery for a Dissecting Ventricular Septal Hematoma Following Aortic Valve Sparing Root Reimplantation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hossien, Abdullrazak; Gelsomino, Sandro; Mochtar, Bahremsjah; Sardari Nia, Peyman; Kats, Suzanne; Maessen, Jos

    2016-06-01

    We report a technique of multidimensional modeling (MDM) used to assist in the planning of a repair of a dissecting ventricular septal hematoma (DVSH) following a David procedure. doi: 10.1111/jocs.12757 (J Card Surg 2016;31:390-393). PMID:27151757

  19. The analysis of the maxillary sinus volumes and the nasal septal deviation in patients with antrochoanal polyps.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aydın, Salih; Taskin, Umit; Orhan, Israfil; Altas, Bengül; Oktay, Mehmet Faruk; Toksöz, Mehmet; Albayrak, Ramazan

    2015-11-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between the maxillary sinus volumes and the nasal septal deviation angles in patients with antrochoanal polyps (ACP). 76 patients who underwent ACP surgery were included in the study. Of those 36 patients who had multislice computed tomography (MSCT) were evaluated to calculate maxillary sinus volume. The records of paranasal MSCT of 36 healthy people without any paranasal sinus diseases or surgery constituted age- and gender-matched healthy controls. Maxillary sinüs volumes and septal deviation angles were calculated using the paranasal MSCT volume-rendering technique. Thirty-six patients in the ACP group were compared with 36 polyp side-matched healthy people. The mean age was 16.6 ± 6.7 years in both groups. Statistically, the mean value of the maxillary sinus volume was significantly higher in the ACP group compared with the ACP side-matched control group (15.1 ± 4.6 versus 12.0 ± 3.5 mm(3)) (p = 0.002). Furthermore, the mean value of the maxillary sinus volume in the non-polyp side (14.2 ± 4.7 mm(3)) was statistically higher in the ACP group compared with the side-matched control group volume (11.9 ± 3.8 mm(3)) (p = 0.024). In addition, Fifty-three of 76 ACP patients had septal deviation. While the septal deviation was on the same side with the ACP in 17 patients, it was on the opposite side in 36 patients. In conclusion, the maxillary sinus volumes increased in ACP patients compared with the healthy control group. Many patients had nasal septal deviation on the opposite side of the ACP. PMID:25534286

  20. Multimodality cardiac imaging of a ventricular septal rupture post myocardial infarction: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dhaliwal Surinder

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Ventricular septal rupture (VSR, a mechanical complication following an acute myocardial infarction (MI, is thought to result from coagulation necrosis due to lack of collateral reperfusion. Although the gold standard test to confirm left-to-right shunting between ventricular cavities remains invasive ventriculography, two-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography (TTE with color flow Doppler and cardiac MRI (CMR are reliable tests for the non-invasive diagnosis of VSR. Case presentation A 62-year-old Caucasian female presented with a late case of a VSR post inferior MI diagnosed by multimodality cardiac imaging including TTE, CMR and ventriculography. Conclusion We review the presentation, diagnosis and management of VSR post MI.

  1. Septal perfusion in left bundle branch block: case report and review of the literature

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Myocardial scintigraphy was performed three times in a 55-year-old woman with left bundle branch block (LBBB). A significant LAD stenosis had been excluded by coronary angiography. The first scintigraphy was performed with Tc-99m sestamibi after submaximal bicycle exercise and revealed a septal perfusion deficit. This deficit could not be reproduced in the following examinations after pharmacological stress testing with dipyridamole using both Tl-201 and Tc-99m sestamibi. Perfusion at rest assessed with Tl-201 was normal in all studies. It is concluded that pharmacological stress testing with dipyridamole is to be preferred in patients with LBBB. With respect to the accuracy of myocardial perfusion imaging the choice of the radiopharmaceutical plays a less important role. (orig.)

  2. Numerical investigation of the flow field in realistic nasal septal perforation geometry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Faramarzi, Mohammad; Baradaranfar, Mohammad Hossein; Abouali, Omid; Atighechi, Saeid; Ahmadi, Goodarz; Farhadi, Pejman; Keshavarzian, Erfan; Behniafard, Nasim; Baradaranfar, Amin

    2014-07-01

    The computational fluid dynamics (CFD) are used to evaluate the physiological function of the nose. We evaluated the aerodynamics of the nasal cavity in a patient with septal perforation (SP), pre- and postvirtual repair. Three-dimensional nasal models were reconstructed, and then a wide range of the pressure drops and flow rates were analyzed. The airflow velocity is higher in the central region and is lower around the boundary of the SP. The air velocity in the SP increases as the pressure drop increases. Furthermore, at the anterior part of the SP, the shear stress is higher in the upper part. In addition, the repair of SP does not affect the total nasal airflow rate and the velocity contour patterns. The potential usage of the CFD technique as a predictive technique to explore the details and a preoperative assessment tool to help in clinical decision making in nasal surgery is emphasized. PMID:24988523

  3. The influence of septal lesions on sodium and water retention induced by Walker 256 tumor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F. Guimarães

    1999-03-01

    Full Text Available In the course of studies on the effects of septal area lesions on neuroimmunomodulation and Walker 256 tumor development, it was observed that tumor-induced sodium and water retention was less marked in lesioned than in non-lesioned rats. In the present study possible mechanisms involved in this phenomenon were investigated. The experiments were performed in septal-lesioned (LW; N = 15 and sham-operated (SW; N = 7 8-week-old male Wistar rats, which received multifocal simultaneous subcutaneous (sc inoculations of Walker 256 tumor cells about 30 days after the stereotaxic surgery. Control groups (no tumor, sham-operated food-restricted (SFR, N = 7 and lesioned food-restricted (LFR, N = 10 were subjected to a feeding pattern similar to that observed in tumor-bearing animals. Multifocal inoculation of Walker 256 tumor rapidly induces anorexia, which is paradoxically accompanied by an increase in body weight, as a result of renal Na+ and fluid retention. These effects of the tumor were also seen in LW rats, although the rise in fractional sodium balance during the early clinical period was significantly smaller than in SW rats (day 4: SW = 47.6 ± 6.4% and LW = 13.8 ± 5.2%; day 5: SW = 57.5 ± 3.5% and LW = 25.7 ± 4.8%; day 6: SW = 54.4 ± 3.8% and LW = 32.1 ± 4.4%; P<0.05, suggesting a temporary reduction in tumor-induced sodium retention. In contrast, urine output was significantly reduced in SW rats and increased in LW rats (LW up to -0.85 and SW up to 4.5 ml/100 g body weight, with no change in osmolar excretion. These temporary changes in the tumor's effects on LW rats may reflect a "reversal" of the secondary central antidiuretic response induced by the tumor (from antidiuretic to diuretic.

  4. Acquired Gerbode defect following endocarditis of the tricuspid valve: a case report and literature review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prifti, Edvin; Ademaj, Fadil; Baboci, Arben; Demiraj, Aurel

    2015-01-01

    The Gerbode's defect is a communication between the left ventricle and right atrium. It is usually congenital, but rarely is acquired, as a complication of endocarditis, myocardial infarction, trauma, or after previous cardiac surgery. The acquired Gerbode defect with involvement of the tricuspid valve acquired after bacterial endocarditis can be challenging to repair. We present a rare case of young woman, with endocarditis of the tricuspid valve and acquired Gerbode defect without previous cardiac surgery. She underwent successful surgical closure of the Gerbode defect and reconstruction of the septal leaflet of the tricuspid valve using a an autologous pericardial patch. A total of 20 other cases were reported with acquired Gerbode defect due to endocarditis in patients without previous cardiac surgery. Three other cases presented acquired Gerbode defect due to myocardial infarction and two due to chest trauma. Another series of 62 patients presented acquired Gerbode defect after previous cardiac surgery. Surgical treatment is always feasible with excellent outcome. However the percutanous transcatheter closure remains an excellent option especially in high risk patients. PMID:26353810

  5. 76. Profile and spectrum of congenital heart defect in pediatric patient with down syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. Alsuhaibani

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Down syndrome is one of the most common chromosomal abnormality worldwide. It occurs in 1 of every 800 live births. Almost one-half of patients with Down Syndrome have congenital heart defect. Our objective is to describe the frequency and spectrum of congenital heart defect (CHD among children with Down Syndrome in Saudi Arabia and identify the rate of primary and secondary pulmonary hypertension among pediatric patients with Down syndrome. Cross-sectional, retrospective study of the cardiac anomalies among 331 pediatric patients (0–18 years with Down Syndrome in King Khalid University Hospital (KKUH from August 2001 till October 2014. The demographic data, reason for referral, echocardiography data including systolic function parameters, the presence of CHD, type and details of CHD, presence of pulmonary hypertension (PHTN, history of cardiac surgeries or transcatheter interventions. Among the 331 pediatric patients with Down Syndrome; 230 patients (69.5% have Congenital Heart Defect (CHD. The patients with CHD were significantly younger (median age 3 months with lower weight (P-value <0.05 and height (P-value <0.05 compared to patients with no CHD. The median age at first assessment was 3 months. The most common type of CHDs among DS pediatric patients was atrial septal defect secundum (ASD II which account for 33.5% of all CHD followed by ventricular septal defect (VSD which account for 26.5%, then atrioventricular septal defect (AVSD 21.7% and moderate to large patent ductus arteriosus (PDA 21.7%. There is another (11.7% who have other CHDs. Pulmonary hypertension was present in 32% of patients with CHD vs 4% among patients with no CHD. There is significant relationship between CHD and pulmonary hypertension with odds ratio 11.3 (CI 3.99–31.83, P-value <0.05. 15% of patients underwent either cardiac surgery or transcatheter intervention. Almost two thirds of Down Syndrome patients have CHD with pulmonary hypertension affecting almost

  6. Facts about Birth Defects

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Us Information For... Media Policy Makers Facts about Birth Defects Language: English Español (Spanish) Recommend on Facebook Tweet ... having a baby born without a birth defect. Birth Defects Are Common Every 4 ½ minutes, a baby ...

  7. Maternal diabetes induces congenital heart defects in mice by altering the expression of genes involved in cardiovascular development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tay Samuel

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Congenital heart defects are frequently observed in infants of diabetic mothers, but the molecular basis of the defects remains obscure. Thus, the present study was performed to gain some insights into the molecular pathogenesis of maternal diabetes-induced congenital heart defects in mice. Methods and results We analyzed the morphological changes, the expression pattern of some genes, the proliferation index and apoptosis in developing heart of embryos at E13.5 from streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice. Morphological analysis has shown the persistent truncus arteriosus combined with a ventricular septal defect in embryos of diabetic mice. Several other defects including defective endocardial cushion (EC and aberrant myofibrillogenesis have also been found. Cardiac neural crest defects in experimental embryos were analyzed and validated by the protein expression of NCAM and PGP 9.5. In addition, the protein expression of Bmp4, Msx1 and Pax3 involved in the development of cardiac neural crest was found to be reduced in the defective hearts. The mRNA expression of Bmp4, Msx1 and Pax3 was significantly down-regulated (p p p Conclusion It is suggested that the down-regulation of genes involved in development of cardiac neural crest could contribute to the pathogenesis of maternal diabetes-induced congenital heart defects.

  8. SUCCESSFUL ANAESTHETIC MANAGEMENT OF A PATIENT WITH PARADOXICAL VENTRICULAR SEPTAL MOTION (PVSM POSTED FOR MODIFIED RADICAL NECK DISSECTION WITH RADIAL FREE FLAP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amruta

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND : Patients with paradoxical ventricular septal motion are a challenge to anaesthesiologist due to risk of perioperative myocardial ischaemia and sudden cardiac arrest. CASE DESCRIPTION : We present anaesthetic management of a 45year old lady with a diagnosed case of carcinoma left buccal mucosa with paradoxical ventricular septal motion posted for modified radical neck disse ction with radial free flap. CONCLUSION : Although clinical manifestations of this cardiac condition may be mild, there is certainly associated pathology of direct relevance, which carries importance in the anaesthetic management in the peri - operative perio d. Patients with paradoxical ventricular septal motion of any etiology are more prone for perioperative myocardial ischaemia and sudden cardiac arrest, because if cardiac conduction is not maintained properly then it may result in further increase in the p aradoxical ventricular septal motion

  9. Defect production in ceramics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zinkle, S.J. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Kinoshita, C. [Kyushu Univ. (Japan)

    1997-08-01

    A review is given of several important defect production and accumulation parameters for irradiated ceramics. Materials covered in this review include alumina, magnesia, spinel silicon carbide, silicon nitride, aluminum nitride and diamond. Whereas threshold displacement energies for many ceramics are known within a reasonable level of uncertainty (with notable exceptions being AIN and Si{sub 3}N{sub 4}), relatively little information exists on the equally important parameters of surviving defect fraction (defect production efficiency) and point defect migration energies for most ceramics. Very little fundamental displacement damage information is available for nitride ceramics. The role of subthreshold irradiation on defect migration and microstructural evolution is also briefly discussed.

  10. Defect production in ceramics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A review is given of several important defect production and accumulation parameters for irradiated ceramics. Materials covered in this review include alumina, magnesia, spinel silicon carbide, silicon nitride, aluminum nitride and diamond. Whereas threshold displacement energies for many ceramics are known within a reasonable level of uncertainty (with notable exceptions being AIN and Si3N4), relatively little information exists on the equally important parameters of surviving defect fraction (defect production efficiency) and point defect migration energies for most ceramics. Very little fundamental displacement damage information is available for nitride ceramics. The role of subthreshold irradiation on defect migration and microstructural evolution is also briefly discussed

  11. Defect production in ceramics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A review is given of several important defect production and accumulation parameters for irradiated ceramics. Materials covered in this review include alumina, magnesia, spinel, silicon carbide, silicon nitride, aluminum nitride and diamond. Whereas threshold displacement energies for many ceramics are known within a reasonable level of uncertainty (with notable exceptions being AlN and Si3N4), relatively little information exists on the equally important parameters of surviving defect fraction (defect production efficiency) and point defect migration energies for most ceramics. Very little fundamental displacement damage information is available for nitride ceramics. The role of subthreshold irradiation on defect migration and microstructural evolution is also briefly discussed. (orig.)

  12. Effects of septal nucleus lesion on dopamine D2 receptor expression in the prefrontal lobe, striatum, and brainstem in a rat model of schizophrenia

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xin Li; Shuande Li

    2008-01-01

    BACKGROUND: It has been demonstrated that the septal nucleus is involved in the pathogenesis of schizophrenia. Based on autopsies of schizophrenia patients, studies have shown a reduced number of septal nucleus neurons and gila. In addition, experimental rat models of schizophrenia have shown increased dopamine receptor D2 binding sites in the basal ganglia, septal nuclei, and substantia nigra. Previous studies have demonstrated that the septal nucleus modulates dopamine metabolic disorder and dopamine D2 receptor balance.OBJECTIVE: Dopamine D2 receptor expression in a rat model of schizophrenia, combined with antipsychotic drugs, was analyzed in the prefrontal lobe, striatum, and brainstem. In situ hybridization was used to observe the effects of stereotactic septal nucleus lesions on dopamine D2 receptor expression in the brains of methylamphetamine-treated rats. DESIGN, TIME AND SETTING: A randomized, controlled, animal experiment was performed in the Laboratory of General Institute of Psychosurgery, Third Hospital of Chinese PLA from November 2005 to June 2006. MATERIALS: A total of 120 healthy, adult Sprague Dawley rats, weighing approximately 200 g, were included. Methylamphetamine (Sigma, USA) and an in situ hybridization detection kit for dopamine D2 receptor (Boster, China) were also used for this study. METHODS: All rats were randomly allocated to the following 4 groups, with 30 rats in each group: normal control, simple administration, septal nucleus lesion, and sham-operated groups. In the normal control group, rats were not administered or lesioned. In the remaining 3 groups, rats were intraperitoneally administered 10 mg/kg methylamphetamine, once per day, for 15 successive days to establish a schizophrenia model. Following successful model establishment, rats from the septal nucleus lesion group were subjected to stereotactic septal nucleus lesions. The cranial bone was exposed in rats from the sham-operated group, and the septal nucleus was not

  13. Immunological tolerance to pig-serum partially inhibits the formation of septal fibrosis of the liver in Capillaria hepatica-infected rats

    OpenAIRE

    Rodrigo Guimarães Andrade; Bruna Magalhães Gotardo; Bárbara Cristina A Assis; José Mengel; Zilton A. Andrade

    2004-01-01

    Systhematized septal fibrosis of the liver can be induced in rats either by repeated intraperitoneal injections of pig-serum or by Capillaria hepatica infection. The relationship between these two etiological factors, as far as hepatic fibrosis is concerned, is not known, and present investigation attempts to investigate it. C. hepatica-induced septal fibrosis of the liver was considerably inhibited in rats previously rendered tolerant to pig-serum. Pig-serum-tolerant rats developed antibodie...

  14. Site-Specific Enhancement of γ-Aminobutyric Acid-Mediated Inhibition of Neural Activity by Ethanol in the Rat Medial Septal Area1

    OpenAIRE

    GIVENS, BENNET S.; Breese, George R.

    1990-01-01

    Because of uncertainty concerning the interaction of ethanol with γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) receptor-mediated events, the present work was designed to investigate the effect of ethanol on GABA transmission in the rat septal area using behavioral and electrophysiological techniques. Microinjection of the GABAA agonist muscimol into the medial septal area (MSA) enhanced, and bicuculline administration antagonized, ethanol-induced impairment of the aerial righting reflex. Microinjection of thes...

  15. [Electrophysiological and behavioral features of septal seizures in cats--experimental sham-rage seizures induced by injection of kainic acid].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hashizume, K; Tanaka, T; Yonemasu, Y

    1994-07-01

    The septal nucleus has close connections with the hippocampus and amygdala and is known to be involved in emotional behavior. We analyzed the electrophysiological and behavioral features of seizures induced by an injection of kainic acid into the lateral septal nucleus of the cat. Stereotactic surgery was performed to implant a cannula into the lateral septal nucleus to make the injection, and deep electrodes were implanted into the hippocampus and amygdala bilaterally. Seven days post operatively kainic acid, 0.5 microgram/0.5 microliter, was injected via the cannula, and three to five minutes later the cats began to exhibit head turning to the contralateral side. The seizures subsequently progressed limbic seizure status. The electroencephalogram revealed that the spike discharges started in the lateral septal nucleus, extended to the ipsilateral hippocampus and amygdala, then propagated to the contralateral side. Spontaneous sham-rage seizures occurred more than seven days after the injection. These seizure were characterized by sudden onset of aggressive and violent behavior which included hissing, biting and scratching. The electroencephalogram showed synchronization of rhythmic spikes in the ipsilateral septal nucleus, hippocampus and amygdala during such seizures. Further study of this model is important not only to understand the relationship between the septal nucleus and the hippocampus and amygdala but to understand the mechanism of sham-rage seizures. In addition, this model may be useful in understanding the emotional features of intractable complex partial seizures in man. PMID:7946621

  16. The Effects of the Remanining Time of Anterior Nasal Packing in Nasal Passage on Healing After Septal Surgery

    OpenAIRE

    ÇETİNKAYA, Tufan

    2001-01-01

    One of the most disturbing problems to the patient after septal surgery is the presence of nasal packing. Postoperative nasal packing use has some advantages and disadvantages. This study was performed to determine whether there's a relation between the duration of postoperative nasal packing and patient complaints. A total of 66 patients undergoing septoplasty or septorhinoplasty were included into the study. The patients were divided into two groups according to the duration of nasal packin...

  17. Serum biomarker release patterns following alcohol septal ablation for treatment of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Foley JD

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Joseph D Foley,1 Craig S Miller,2 J Darrell Sneed,1 Jeffrey L Ebersole,2 Richard J Kryscio,3 John T McDevitt,4 Charles L Campbell5 1Gill Heart Institute and Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, 2Department of Oral Health Practice, College of Dentistry, 3Department of Statistics, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, 4Departments of Bioengineering and Chemistry, Rice University, Houston, TX, USA; 5Division of Cardiololgy, University of Tennessee at Chattanooga, Erlanger Health Systems, TN, USA Abstract: Alcohol septal ablation (ASA is employed to relieve the pressure gradient associated with symptomatic hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Serum concentrations of cardiac troponin I, creatine kinase MB band, brain natriuretic protein, matrix metalloproteinase-9, myoglobin, C-reactive protein, tumor necrosis factor-alpha, soluble CD40 ligand, interleukin-6, adiponectin, interleukin-1ß, myeloperoxidase, and soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1 were determined at baseline and at 8, 16, 24, and 48 hours in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy presenting for ASA. Comparisons were made with 107 healthy control subjects. Sixteen hours following ASA, serum levels rose over 800-fold for cardiac troponin I, 70-fold for creatine kinase MB band, and 11-fold for myoglobin (P<0.001. C-reactive protein and interleukin-6 both rose slowly and became significantly elevated at 16 and 48 hours, respectively. Matrix metalloprotease-9 rapidly increased two-fold at 8 hours, but returned to baseline thereafter. Other biomarkers evaluated either trended downward or showed little change from baseline. Among the ASA patients, baseline serum concentration of all biomarkers, except for matrix metalloproteinase-9, soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1, and myeloperoxidase, were elevated in the ASA group compared with the controls. These findings suggest that hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is a proinflammatory and prothrombotic state. The

  18. Ethnical Variations in the Incidence of Congenital Heart Defects in Gorgan, Northern Iran: A Single-Center Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bagher Nikyar

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Background: Congenital heart disease (CHD is the most common congenital anomaly in newborns. This study was performed to determine the live birth incidence of CHD by ethnicity and sex in Gorgan, Northern Iran.Methods: In this longitudinal, hospital-based study, 18162 live births in Dezyani Hospital in Gorgan, North of Iran, were screened for CHD, from 2007 through 2009. Clinical examination, echocardiography, color Doppler, and cardio catheterization were used as diagnostic tools. Sex, ethnicity, and type of CHD for each case were recorded in a pre-designed questionnaire.Results: The incidence rates of CHD in the native Fars, Sistani, and Turkmen subjects were 5.73 (95%CI: 4.53-7.15,12.27 (95%CI: 8.74-16.73, and 15.93 (95%CI: 10.00-24.02 per 1000 live births, respectively. The Turkmen to native Fars and Sistani to native Fars relative risk for congenital CHD malformations was 2.77 (95%CI: 1.73-4.44; p value < 0.001 and 1.29 (95%CI: 0.77-2.18; p value < 0.323, respectively. While atrial septal defect was the most common lesion in the native Fars subjects (2.14 per 1000 [95%CI: 1.42-3.06] and in the Sistani subjects (2.84 per 1000 [95%CI: 1.29-5.36], in the Turkmen subjects, ventricular septal defect (4.36 per 1000 [95%CI: 1.59-9.43], followed by atrial septal defect, was the most frequent lesion.Conclusion: This study showed that the incidence and pattern of CHD among live births in Gorgan, North of Iran, varied according to ethnicity. The risk of CHD was higher in the Turkmen and Sistani groups than in the Fars population

  19. 经胸超声心动图指导下Amplatzer封堵成人房间隔缺损%Transthoracic echocardiographic guidance for closure of secun dum atrial septal defects with the Amplatzer septal occluder device in adults

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张玉顺; 李寰; 张军; 贾国良; 代政学; 王小燕

    2002-01-01

    目的经胸超声心动图(TTE)指导下置人Amplatzer封堵器评价治疗成人继发孔型房间隔缺损(ASD)的可行性和治疗效果. 方法全组74例,年龄14~65 (33.6 ±14.4)岁. 按照术中超声检测的不同,分为TEE组:36例,在TEE和X线透视下监测封堵ASD;TTE组:38例,在T TE和X线透视下监测封堵ASD. 结果两组患者ASD的TTE测量值、BSD值、封堵器直径和透视时间之间等均无显著性差异(P>0.05). TTE组手术时间(64.4±13.6) min明显短于TEE 组的(76.1±16.8) min (P0.05). 随访1~3 mo,封堵器形态,位置良好,未对毗邻结构产生影响. 结论 TTE指导下经导管置入Amplatzer封堵器治疗ASD是一种安全、有效、简便可行的方法.

  20. Percutaneous Septal Ablation in Hypertrophic Obstructive Cardiomyopathy: From Experiment to Standard of Care

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lothar Faber

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM is one of the more common hereditary cardiac conditions. According to presence or absence of outflow obstruction at rest or with provocation, a more common (about 60–70% obstructive type of the disease (HOCM has to be distinguished from the less common (30–40% nonobstructive phenotype (HNCM. Symptoms include exercise limitation due to dyspnea, angina pectoris, palpitations, or dizziness; occasionally syncope or sudden cardiac death occurs. Correct diagnosis and risk stratification with respect to prophylactic ICD implantation are essential in HCM patient management. Drug therapy in symptomatic patients can be characterized as treatment of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF in HNCM, while symptoms and the obstructive gradient in HOCM can be addressed with beta-blockers, disopyramide, or verapamil. After a short overview on etiology, natural history, and diagnostics in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, this paper reviews the current treatment options for HOCM with a special focus on percutaneous septal ablation. Literature data and the own series of about 600 cases are discussed, suggesting a largely comparable outcome with respect to procedural mortality, clinical efficacy, and long-term outcome.

  1. Effect of Cigarette Smoke on Wound Healing of the Septal Mucosa of the Rat.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trombitas, Veronica; Nagy, Alina; Berce, Cristian; Tabaran, Flaviu; Albu, Silviu

    2016-01-01

    Objectives/Hypothesis. Proper wound healing following endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) is influenced by several factors, like cigarette smoke (CS) exposure. This study aims to assess the influence of cigarette smoke on the healing of induced septal mucosal lesion in rats. Methods. Unilateral nasal wounds were created by means of the interdental brush in seventy-four-week-old male rats. Animals were randomly divided into two groups: control group and CS exposure group, each comprising 35 animals, divided into five groups (n = 7). Animals were sacrificed in groups of seven on day 2 and then on days 5, 14, and 28 and finally on day 42 following wound induction. Results. Histological analysis of mucosal specimens shows important changes at the CS exposure group. Starting with the infiltrates of neutrophils, eosinophils, macrophages, and lymphocytes, the histological changes were continued with the Goblet cell proliferation, ciliated cells loss, fibrosis, and epithelial and subepithelial hypertrophy. Conclusion. In this experimental model of nasal wound healing we demonstrated the deleterious effects of chronic CS exposure. The adverse effects of CS exposure are firstly a postponement of the healing process and secondly the persistence of inflammation which becomes chronic. PMID:27042668

  2. Medial septal GABAergic projection neurons promote object exploration behavior and type 2 theta rhythm.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gangadharan, Gireesh; Shin, Jonghan; Kim, Seong-Wook; Kim, Angela; Paydar, Afshin; Kim, Duk-Soo; Miyazaki, Taisuke; Watanabe, Masahiko; Yanagawa, Yuchio; Kim, Jinhyun; Kim, Yeon-Soo; Kim, Daesoo; Shin, Hee-Sup

    2016-06-01

    Exploratory drive is one of the most fundamental emotions, of all organisms, that are evoked by novelty stimulation. Exploratory behavior plays a fundamental role in motivation, learning, and well-being of organisms. Diverse exploratory behaviors have been described, although their heterogeneity is not certain because of the lack of solid experimental evidence for their distinction. Here we present results demonstrating that different neural mechanisms underlie different exploratory behaviors. Localized Cav3.1 knockdown in the medial septum (MS) selectively enhanced object exploration, whereas the null mutant (KO) mice showed enhanced-object exploration as well as open-field exploration. In MS knockdown mice, only type 2 hippocampal theta rhythm was enhanced, whereas both type 1 and type 2 theta rhythm were enhanced in KO mice. This selective effect was accompanied by markedly increased excitability of septo-hippocampal GABAergic projection neurons in the MS lacking T-type Ca(2+) channels. Furthermore, optogenetic activation of the septo-hippocampal GABAergic pathway in WT mice also selectively enhanced object exploration behavior and type 2 theta rhythm, whereas inhibition of the same pathway decreased the behavior and the rhythm. These findings define object exploration distinguished from open-field exploration and reveal a critical role of T-type Ca(2+) channels in the medial septal GABAergic projection neurons in this behavior. PMID:27208094

  3. Coblation nasal septal swell body reduction for treatment of nasal obstruction: a preliminary report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, So Jeong; Kim, Hee Tae; Park, Yun Hwi; Kim, Ju Yeon; Bae, Jung Ho

    2016-09-01

    In this paper, we present the results of coblation nasal septal swell body (NSB) reduction for the treatment of nasal obstruction in patients with abnormally thickened NSB. The study design was a retrospective clinical series conducted at a single tertiary medical center. Eight patients underwent coblation NSB reduction. Pre-operative and post-operative nasal functions were evaluated by acoustic rhinometry and subjective symptom scales. We also analyzed pre-operative CT scan images and nasal endoscopic findings. The mean maximal NSB width was 16.4 ± 2.2 mm on pre-operative coronal CT scan images. The mean visual analog scale score for nasal obstruction was decreased from preoperative 7.63 ± 0.99 points to 3.88 ± 0.92 points (postoperative 3 months), 4.16 ± 0.78 points (postoperative 6 months), and 4.63 ± 0.69 points (postoperative 1 year). Six out of the eight patients were satisfied with the clinical outcome at 1 year after the procedure. To the best of our knowledge, coblation NSB reduction has not yet been reported in the medical literature. Our results show that it can be an effective treatment modality for nasal valve narrowing in patients with abnormally thickened NSB. PMID:26912145

  4. Anaesthesia management of a patient with hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy undergoing Morrow′s septal myectomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Naresh Kumar Agarwal

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM is a rare disorder. There is paucity of literature on anaesthetic management of this disorder. Aim of this case report is to highlight the anaesthetic problems encountered during management of such patients. A thirty-five year old male was admitted with atypical chest pain for last one year. X-ray chest revealed cardiomegaly (CT ratio 0.6. Electrocardiographic findings were left axis deviation with left ventricular hypertrophy. On echocardiography, there was moderate mitral regurgitation (MR, systolic anterior motion (SAM of anterior mitral leaflet and prominent systolic narrowing of left ventricle cavity. Transoesophageal echocardiography (TOE also showed an anomalous muscle bundle stretching into LV causing obstruction. Preload was kept high. Systemic vascular resistance (SVR was maintained, avoiding use of vasodilators and inotropes. Morrow′s septal myectomy was done. Anomalous muscle bundle was excised. On postoperative TOE, there was no MR and no obstruction. Optimal anaesthetic management in such patients involves maintaining adequate preload, systemic vascular resistance and minimal outflow obstruction. Other considerations are to maintain haemodynamic stability, sinus rhythm and afterload. Transoesophageal echocardiography is an extremely useful monitoring device in such patients.

  5. Imaging defects and dopants

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H.Philipp Ebert

    2003-06-01

    With the invention of the transistor, a revolution in the development of semiconductor-based electronic devices began. However, even in the very early stages, the importance of defects and dopant atoms became obvious. In fact, if one incorporates the right defects and dopant atoms into semiconductor materials, one can tune their electrical properties such that optimal device characteristics are achieved. Unfortunately, counteractive defects are often also formed unintentionally during semiconductor processing, leading to unfavorable electronic properties. Considerable research efforts have, therefore, focused on understanding the nanoscale physics that governs the formation of point defects, the incorporation behavior of impurities, and their respective electronic properties.

  6. Defects in semiconductors

    CERN Document Server

    Romano, Lucia; Jagadish, Chennupati

    2015-01-01

    This volume, number 91 in the Semiconductor and Semimetals series, focuses on defects in semiconductors. Defects in semiconductors help to explain several phenomena, from diffusion to getter, and to draw theories on materials' behavior in response to electrical or mechanical fields. The volume includes chapters focusing specifically on electron and proton irradiation of silicon, point defects in zinc oxide and gallium nitride, ion implantation defects and shallow junctions in silicon and germanium, and much more. It will help support students and scientists in their experimental and theoret

  7. Predominant location of coronary artery atherosclerosis in the left anterior descending artery. The impact of septal perforators and the myocardial bridging effect

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wasilewski, Jarosław; Niedziela, Jacek; Osadnik, Tadeusz; Duszańska, Agata; Sraga, Wojciech; Desperak, Piotr; Jackowska, Zuzanna; Nowakowski, Andrzej; Głowacki, Jan

    2015-01-01

    Introduction Coronary artery atherosclerosis presents characteristic patterns of plaque distribution despite systemic exposure to risk factors. We hypothesized that local hemodynamic forces induced by the systolic compression of intramuscular septal perforators could be involved in atherosclerotic processes in the left anterior descending artery (LAD) adjacent to the septal perforators’ origin. Therefore we studied the spatial distribution of atherosclerosis in coronary arteries, especially in relation to the septal perforators’ origin. Material and methods 64-slice computed tomography angiography was performed in 309 consecutive patients (92 male and 217 female) with a mean age of 59.9 years. Spatial plaque distribution in the LAD was analyzed in relation to the septal perforators’ origin. Additionally, plaque distribution throughout the coronary artery tree is discussed. Results The coronary calcium score (CCS) was positive in 164 patients (53.1%). In subjects with a CCS > 0, calcifications were more frequent in the LAD (n = 150, 91.5%) compared with the right coronary artery (RCA) (n = 94, 57.3%), circumflex branch (CX) (n = 76, 46.3%) or the left main stem (n = 42, 25.6%) (p < 0.001). Total CCS was higher in the LAD at 46.1 (IQR: 104.2) and RCA at 34.1 (IQR: 90.7) than in the CX at 16.8 (IQR: 61.3) (p = 0.007). In patients with calcifications restricted to a single vessel (n = 54), the most frequently affected artery was the LAD (n = 42, 77.8%). In patients with lesions limited to the LAD, the plaque was located mostly (n = 37, 88.1%) adjacent to the septal perforators’ origin. Conclusions We demonstrated that coronary calcifications are most frequently located in the LAD in proximity to the septal branch origin. A possible explanation for this phenomenon could be the dynamic compression of the tunneled septal branches, which may result in disturbed blood flow in the adjacent LAD segment (milking effect). PMID:26855661

  8. Lung Perfusion SPECT: Application in a Patient With Tetralogy of Fallot and Suspected Pulmonary Thromboemboli

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A 22-year-old woman presented with acute left-sided pleuritic chest pain and dyspnea 6 days after surgery for revision of the stenotic central aortopulmonary shunt. She had a history of tetralogy of Fallot (TOF), pulmonary valve stenosis, ventricular septal defect and major aortopulmonary collateral artery. Her Waterston shunt was placed when she was 5 years old and stented and re-dilated after stenosis. Acute pulmonary thromboemboli (PTE) was suspected and pulmonary perfusion scan was performed with 4 mCi 99m Technetium labeled macroaggregated albumin. The left lung was globally hypoperfused with evident uptake in the brain, renal parenchyma and thyroid. SPECT images revealed a segmental wedge-shaped peripheral defect in the posterior segment of the left upper lobe. The scan was interpreted as acute/chronic PTE or vascular abnormality. CT angiography excluded PTE; nevertheless the patient was treated with a therapeutic dose of heparin changed to warfarin and was discharged with improvement of the symptoms. Pulmonary artery angiography was not performed

  9. MESP1 Mutations in Patients with Congenital Heart Defects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Werner, Petra; Latney, Brande; Deardorff, Matthew A; Goldmuntz, Elizabeth

    2016-03-01

    Identifying the genetic etiology of congenital heart disease (CHD) has been challenging despite being one of the most common congenital malformations in humans. We previously identified a microdeletion in a patient with a ventricular septal defect containing over 40 genes including MESP1 (mesoderm posterior basic helix-loop-helix transcription factor 1). Because of the importance of MESP1 as an early regulator of cardiac development in both in vivo and in vitro studies, we tested for MESP1 mutations in 647 patients with congenital conotruncal and related heart defects. We identified six rare, nonsynonymous variants not seen in ethnically matched controls and one likely race-specific nonsynonymous variant. Functional analyses revealed that three of these variants altered activation of transcription by MESP1. Two of the deleterious variants are located within the conserved HLH domain and thus impair the protein-protein interaction of MESP1 and E47. The third deleterious variant was a loss-of-function frameshift mutation. Our results suggest that pathologic variants in MESP1 may contribute to the development of CHD and that additional protein partners and downstream targets could likewise contribute to the wide range of causes for CHD. PMID:26694203

  10. School Building Defect Pattern

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mahli M.

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available In providing a conducive learning environment for the student, the school building must be in good condition. This paper is evaluating the existing condition of primary school building in Sarawak, Malaysia. It focuses on building defects pattern for school building. The primary data collection is from the school building condition survey with involvement of 24 primary schools. The schools have been selected using simple random sampling and stratified sampling (of school age as the variable of selection. The reporting method is based on Condition Survey Protocol (CSP 1 Matrix. Data analysis covers descriptive and inferential statistics. The analysis carried out found that the overall 4,725 defects have been identified. The building defect pattern is mainly on Ground Level of 3,176 defects, the highest number of defects components found on walls (798. 16.2% defects are cracks from 11 common defects and most of all the highest score of defects based on age of the building were the building in the range of 11 to 20 years.

  11. Defects at oxide surfaces

    CERN Document Server

    Thornton, Geoff

    2015-01-01

    This book presents the basics and characterization of defects at oxide surfaces. It provides a state-of-the-art review of the field, containing information to the various types of surface defects, describes analytical methods to study defects, their chemical activity and the catalytic reactivity of oxides. Numerical simulations of defective structures complete the picture developed. Defects on planar surfaces form the focus of much of the book, although the investigation of powder samples also form an important part. The experimental study of planar surfaces opens the possibility of applying the large armoury of techniques that have been developed over the last half-century to study surfaces in ultra-high vacuum. This enables the acquisition of atomic level data under well-controlled conditions, providing a stringent test of theoretical methods. The latter can then be more reliably applied to systems such as nanoparticles for which accurate methods of characterization of structure and electronic properties ha...

  12. Cosmic defects and cosmology

    CERN Document Server

    Magueijo, J; Magueijo, Joao; Brandenberger, Robert

    2000-01-01

    We provide a pedagogical overview of defect models of structure formation. We first introduce the concept of topological defect, and describe how to classify them. We then show how defects might be produced in phase transitions in the Early Universe and approach non-pathological scaling solutions. A very heuristic account of structure formation with defects is then provided, following which we introduce the tool box required for high precision calculations of CMB and LSS power spectra in these theories. The decomposition into scalar vector and tensor modes is reviewed, and then we introduce the concept of unequal-time correlator. We use isotropy and causality to constrain the form of these correlators. We finally show how these correlators may be decomposed into eigenmodes, thereby reducing a defect problem to a series of ``inflation'' problems. We conclude with a short description of results in these theories and how they fare against observations. We finally describe yet another application of topological d...

  13. Inhibition of tumor necrosis factor-α reduces alveolar septal cell apoptosis in passive smoking rats

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Cheng; CAI Shan; CHEN Ping; CHEN Jian-bo; WU Jie; WU Shang-jie; ZHOU Rui

    2008-01-01

    Background Recent studies have revealed that lung cell apoptosis plays an important role in pathogenesis of cigarette-induced chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).Tumor necrosis factor alpha(TNF-α)is one of the most important cytokines which are involved in COPD.This study aimed at investigating the jnfluence of its inhibitor,recombinant human necrosis factor-alpha receptor Ⅱ:IgG Fc fusion protein(rhTNFR:Fc)on alveolar septal cell apoptosis in passive smoking rats.Methods Forty-eight rats were randomly divided into a normal control group,a passive smoking group,an rhTNFR:Fc intervention group and a sham intervention group.The passive smoking rats were treated by exposure to cigarette smoking daily for 80 days.Afcer smoking for one month the rhTNFR:Fc Intervention group was treated with rhTNFR:Fc by subcutaneous injection,the sham intervention group injected subcutaneousIv with a neutral preparation(normal saline 0.1 ml,manicol 0.8 ml,cane sugar 0.2 mg,Tris 0.024 mg as a control.Lung function was determined and the levels of TNF-α in serum and broncho-alveolar lavage fluid(BALF)were measured with enzyme-linked immunosorbnent assay (ELISA).Lung tissue sections stained by hematoxylin and eosin(HE)were observed for study of morphological alternations.Mean linear intercept(MLI)and mean alveolar numbers(MAN)were measured and the terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick end labeling(TUNEL)method was carried out to determine the percentage of positive cells and distribution of apoptotic cells.Results Increased MLI and decreased MAN were found in the passive smoking group compared with both the normal control group and the rhTNFR:Fc intervention group(P<0.05).Forced expiratory volume in 0.3 second(FEV0.3)/forced vital capacity(FVC)and peak expiratory flow(PEF)were lower in the passive smoking group than that in the normal control group(P<0.05).Compared with the sham intervention group,FEV0.3/FVC and PEF increased in the rhTNFR:Fc intervention

  14. ROTURA DEL SEPTO INTERVENTRICULAR DESPUÉS DE INFARTO AGUDO DE MIOCARDIO CON APERTURA Y CIERRE INTERMITENTES / Interventricular septal rupture after acute myocardial infarction with intermittent opening and closing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge L. Alonso Freire

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Resumen La rotura del septo interventricular es una grave complicación en pacientes que sufren infarto agudo de miocardio. Se presenta aproximadamente en el 1 % de los pacientes infartados, su mortalidad es elevada y el tratamiento de elección es la reparación quirúrgica. Se presenta un paciente anciano que ingresó en la Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos por infarto agudo de miocardio de cara anterior, que recibió tratamiento trombolítico con estreptokinasa recombinante cubana y 24 horas más tarde, presentó deterioro hemodinámico con cambios electrocardiográficos y aparición de soplo sistólico en la punta. Se realizó una ecocardiografía que mostró un defecto del septo interventricular con apertura y cierre intermitentes. Horas más tarde el paciente falleció por insuficiencia cardiocirculatoria, a pesar del tratamiento. Se presentan las imágenes ecocardiográficas y la pieza anatómica. Lo inusual del presente caso fue la apertura y el cierre intermitentes del defecto interventricular. No se encontró ningún informe similar a en las bases de datos bibliográficas consultadas. / Abstract Ventricular septum rupture is a serious complication in patients with acute myocardial infarction. It occurs in approximately 1% of heart attack patients; its mortality rate is high and surgical repair is the treatment of choice. The case of an elderly male patient who was admitted to the Intensive Care Unit for acute anterior myocardial infarction is reported. This patient received thrombolytic therapy with Cuban recombinant streptokinase and 24 hours later presented hemodynamic deterioration with electrocardiographic changes and appearance of systolic murmur at the apex. Echocardiography was performed which showed a ventricular septal defect with intermittent opening and closing. Despite treatment, the patient died of circulatory failure hours later. Echocardiographic images and the anatomical specimen are shown. What was unusual in this case was

  15. Diagnosis of asymptomatic atrial septal aneurysms using two-dimensional color Doppler and contrast transthoracic echocardiography

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2003-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the dimensions of atrial septal aneurysm (ASA), the presence and characteristics of interatrial shunt, the movement of the wall of the aneurysm, and correlation between these findings and sign and/or symptoms suggesting embolism in Manisa, a district of a western Anatolian city of Turkey. Methods Two thousand five hundred cases were examined by routine transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) in both pediatric and adult cardiology outpatient clinics. ASA was detected in 20 cases and evaluated by two-dimensional color Doppler echocardiography (CDE). The length of the base, the maximum radius and the maximum displacement of ASA were measured. The shunt between the atria was examined by CDE. In cases where a shunt could not be found, galactose and palmitic acid was injected. Standard 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) and exercise stress test were also performed. Results No clinical signs or symptoms were found, suggesting a systemic or cerebral embolism. The maximum displacement of ASA was between 2 and 5 mm. All of the aneurysms were localized in the right atrium, and the walls of the aneurysm did not move beyond the base of the left atrium during the maximum displacement. Interatrial shunt was detected in 14 of 20 patients (70%) by CDE and in the remaining six cases by contrast TTE. Frequent ventricular ectopic beats were observed in one patient. Conclusions During routine TTE we observed 0.8% asymptomatic ASA in our population. The use of a contrast agent was found to be a valuable additional method in patients with ASA when the shunt could not be detected by CDE. The risk for embolism is not high when the maximum displacement of the wall of ASA was 5 mm or less and no bulge into the left atrium was observed. Based on our experience with this method, TTE is easy to perform, well-tolerated and acceptable.

  16. Nicotine induction of theta frequency oscillations in rodent medial septal diagonal band in vitro

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Cheng-biao LU; Cheng-zhang LI; Dong-liang LI; Zaineb HENDERSON

    2013-01-01

    Aim:This study aimed to examine the role of the nicotinic receptor (nAChR) in the generation of theta oscillations (4-12 Hz) in vitro.Methods:Electrophysiological studies were performed on medial septal diagonal band area (MSDB) slices to measure theta oscillation.Immunofluorescence and confocal microscopy studies were carried out to detect α4 nAChR and β2 nAChR subunits in perfused-fixed tissue from VGluT2-GFP and GAD67-GFP transgenic mice.Results:Application of nicotine to MSDB slices produced persistent theta oscillations in which area power increased in a doseresponsive manner.This activity was inhibited by GABAA receptor antagonists and partially by ionotropic glutamate receptor antagonists,indicating the involvement of local GABAergic and glutamatergic neurons in the production of the rhythmic activity.The nicotineinduced theta activity was also inhibited selectively by non-α7*nAChR antagonists,suggesting the presence of these receptor types on GABAergic and glutamatergic neuron populatjons in the MSDB.This was confirmed by immunofluorescence and confocal microscopy studies in transgenic mice in which the GABAergic and glutamatergic neurons express green fluorescent protein (GFP),showing Iocalisation of β2 nAChR and α4 nAChR subunits,the most common constituents of non-α7*nAChRs,in both cell types in the MSDB.Conclusion:Theta activity in the MSDB may be generated by tonic stimulation of non-α7*nAChRs.

  17. Software Defect Association Mining and Defect Correction Effort Prediction

    OpenAIRE

    Song, Q; Shepperd, MJ; Cartwright, MH; Mair, C.

    2006-01-01

    Much current software defect prediction work concentrates on the number of defects remaining in software system. In this paper, we present association rule mining based methods to predict defect associations and defect-correction effort. This is to help developers detect software defects and assist project managers in allocating testing resources more effectively. We applied the proposed methods to the SEL defect data consisting of more than 200 projects over more than 15 years. The results s...

  18. Assessment of perfusion pattern and extent of perfusion defect on dual-energy CT angiography: Correlation between the causes of pulmonary hypertension and vascular parameters

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To assess perfusion patterns on a dual-energy pulmonary CT angiography (DECTA) of pulmonary hypertension (PHT) with variable causes and to assess whether the extent of perfusion defect can be used in the severity assessment of PHT. Between March 2007 and February 2011, DECTA scans of 62 consecutive patients (24 men, 38 women; mean age, 58.5 ± 17.3 [standard deviation] years; range, 19-87 years) with PHT were retrospectively included with following inclusion criteria; 1) absence of acute pulmonary thromboembolism, 2) maximal velocity of tricuspid regurgitation jet (TR Vmax) above 3 m/s on echocardiography performed within one week of the DECTA study. Perfusion patterns of iodine map were divided into normal (NL), diffuse heterogeneously decreased (DH), multifocal geographic and multiple peripheral wedging patterns. The extent of perfusion defects (PD), the diameter of main pulmonary artery (MPA) and the ratio of ascending aorta diameter/MPA (aortopulmonary ratio, APR) were measured. Pearson correlation analysis was performed between TR Vmax on echocardiography and CT imaging parameters. Common perfusion patterns of primary PHT were DH (n = 15) and NL (n = 12). The perfusion patterns of secondary PHT were variable. On the correlation analysis, in primary PHT, TR Vmax significantly correlated with PD, MPA and APR (r = 0.52, r = 0.40, r = -0.50, respectively, all p < 0.05). In secondary PHT, TR Vmax significantly correlated with PD and MPA (r = 0.38, r = 0.53, respectively, all p < 0.05). Different perfusion patterns are observed on DECTA of PHT according to the causes. PD and MPA are significantly correlated with the TR Vmax.

  19. Neural tube defects

    OpenAIRE

    M.E. Marshall

    1981-01-01

    Neural tube defects refer to any defect in the morphogenesis of the neural tube, the most common types being spina bifida and anencephaly. Spina bifida has been recognised in skeletons found in north-eastern Morocco and estimated to have an age of almost 12 000 years. It was also known to the ancient Greek and Arabian physicians who thought that the bony defect was due to the tumour. The term spina bifida was first used by Professor Nicolai Tulp of Amsterdam in 1652. Many other terms have bee...

  20. Defect solitons in photonic lattices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Jianke; Chen, Zhigang

    2006-02-01

    Nonlinear defect modes (defect solitons) and their stability in one-dimensional photonic lattices with focusing saturable nonlinearity are investigated. It is shown that defect solitons bifurcate out from every infinitesimal linear defect mode. Low-power defect solitons are linearly stable in lower bandgaps but unstable in higher bandgaps. At higher powers, defect solitons become unstable in attractive defects, but can remain stable in repulsive defects. Furthermore, for high-power solitons in attractive defects, we found a type of Vakhitov-Kolokolov (VK) instability which is different from the usual VK instability based on the sign of the slope in the power curve. Lastly, we demonstrate that in each bandgap, in addition to defect solitons which bifurcate from linear defect modes, there is also an infinite family of other defect solitons which can be stable in certain parameter regimes. PMID:16605473

  1. Screening Tests for Birth Defects

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Management Education & Events Advocacy For Patients About ACOG Screening Tests for Birth Defects Home For Patients Search ... for Birth Defects FAQ165, April 2014 PDF Format Screening Tests for Birth Defects Pregnancy What is a ...

  2. Defect forces, defect couples and path integrals

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Definition and meaning of concepts like 'J integral' are given without any assumption about material behaviour. The key of the work is the field of 'defect forces' and 'defect couples' in a continuous media. These forces and couples, which can also be called 'material forces' and 'material couples' are related to the work done by a particle moving through a solid. It is shown that the resultant of all the defect forces included in a volume is the Jsub(k) integral computer on the surface surrounding this volume. A similar result is obtained about the moment resultant. Conventional form of the principle of virtual work is not applicable to fractures mechanics because equations of compatibility are not satisfied. A generalized form is given, which is valid when (virtual) crack propagation is considered. The virtual work of 'material' forces is included in the generalized form, and can be used as a new definition of J concept. As an illustration application, a simple procedure is described which allows to obtain the curve J-Δa (the so called J-R curve) from only one experimental test

  3. Differential modulation of lateral septal vasopressin receptor blockade in spatial learning, social recognition, and anxiety-related behaviors in rats

    OpenAIRE

    Everts, HGJ; Koolhaas, JM

    1999-01-01

    The role of lateral septal vasopressin (VP) in the modulation of spatial memory, social memory, and anxiety-related behavior was studied in adult, male Wistar rats. Animals were equipped with osmotic minipumps delivering the VP-antagonist d(CH2)5-D-Tyr(Et)VAVP (1 ng/0.5 mu l per h) bilaterally into the lateral septum (LS). Subsequently, all rats were subjected to four behavioral tests. First, animals were tested in a spatial learning paradigm (Morris water maze; 12 trials), followed by the so...

  4. Defect Prevention Based on 5 Dimensions of Defect Origin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sakthi Kumaresh

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available “Discovering the unexpected is more important than confirming the known [7]. In software development,the “unexpected” one relates to defects. These defects when unattended would cause failure to the productand risk to the users. The increasing dependency of society on software and the crucial consequences that afailure can cause requires the need to find out the defects at the origin itself. Based on the lessons learntfrom the earlier set of projects, a defect framework highlighting the 5 Dimensions (Ds of defect origin isproposed in this work. The defect framework is based on analyzing the defects that had emerged fromvarious stages of software development like Requirements, Design, Coding, Testing and Timeline (defectsdue to lack of time during development. This study is not limited to just identifying the origin of defects atvarious phases of software development but also finds out the reasons for such defects, and defectpreventive (DP measures are proposed for each type of defect. This work can help practitioners chooseeffective defect avoidance measures.In addition to arriving at defect framework, this work also proposes a defect injection metric based onseverity of the defect rather than just defect count, which gives the number of adjusted defects produced bya project at various phases. The defect injection metric value, once calculated, serves as a yardstick tomake a comparison in the improvements made in the software process development between similar set ofprojects

  5. Birth Defects (For Parents)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... KidsHealth in the Classroom What Other Parents Are Reading Upsetting News Reports? What to Say Vaccines: Which ... there is a problem with a baby's body chemistry, it is called a metabolic birth defect. Metabolic ...

  6. Neural tube defects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.E. Marshall

    1981-09-01

    Full Text Available Neural tube defects refer to any defect in the morphogenesis of the neural tube, the most common types being spina bifida and anencephaly. Spina bifida has been recognised in skeletons found in north-eastern Morocco and estimated to have an age of almost 12 000 years. It was also known to the ancient Greek and Arabian physicians who thought that the bony defect was due to the tumour. The term spina bifida was first used by Professor Nicolai Tulp of Amsterdam in 1652. Many other terms have been used to describe this defect, but spina bifida remains the most useful general term, as it describes the separation of the vertebral elements in the midline.

  7. Point defects in platinum

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An investigation was made of the mobility and types of point defect introduced in platinum by deformation in liquid nitrogen, quenching into water from 1600oC, or reactor irradiation at 50oC. In all cases the activation energy for motion of the defect was determined from measurements of electrical resistivity. Measurements of density, hardness, and x-ray line broadening were also made there applicable. These experiments indicated that the principal defects remaining in platinum after irradiation were single vacant lattice sites and after quenching were pairs of vacant lattice sites. Those present after deformation In liquid nitrogen were single vacant lattice sites and another type of defect, perhaps interstitial atoms. (author)

  8. Quantum computing with defects

    OpenAIRE

    Weber, J R; Koehl, W. F.; Varley, J. B.; Janotti, A.; Buckley, B. B.; Van de Walle, C. G.; Awschalom, D. D.

    2010-01-01

    Identifying and designing physical systems for use as qubits, the basic units of quantum information, are critical steps in the development of a quantum computer. Among the possibilities in the solid state, a defect in diamond known as the nitrogen-vacancy (NV-1) center stands out for its robustness - its quantum state can be initialized, manipulated, and measured with high fidelity at room temperature. Here we describe how to systematically identify other deep center defects with similar qua...

  9. Anomalies and developmental defects

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Amonalies and developmental defects in trachea and bronchi (tracheal bronch us, diverticulum of trachea or bronchus, defects due to atresia of bronchial tre e, tracheobronchomegaly), lung vessels (aneurisms of pulmonary artery, agenesia, aplasia and hypoplasia of pulmonary artery,anomalies of pulmonary veins, varico sis of pulmonary veins), pulmonary tissue (lung sequestration, congenital lobar pulmonary emphysema, essential hemosiderosis), have beendescribed. The problems of the diagnosis of the above-mentioned diseases using roentgenograms are consid ered

  10. Neural Tube Defects

    OpenAIRE

    Greene, Nicholas D. E.; Copp, Andrew J.

    2014-01-01

    Neural tube defects (NTDs), including spina bifida and anencephaly, are severe birth defects of the central nervous system that originate during embryonic development when the neural tube fails to close completely. Human NTDs are multifactorial, with contributions from both genetic and environmental factors. The genetic basis is not yet well understood, but several nongenetic risk factors have been identified as have possibilities for prevention by maternal folic acid supplementation. Mechani...

  11. Signatures of Topological Defects

    OpenAIRE

    Berezinsky, V. S.; P. Blasi(INAF Arcetri); Vilenkin, A.

    1998-01-01

    We argue that due to various restrictions cosmic strings and monopole-string networks are not likely to produce the observed flux of ultra-high energy cosmic rays (UHECR). Among the topological defects studied so far, the most promising UHECR sources are necklaces and monopolonia. Other viable sources which are similar to topological defects are relic superheavy particles. All these sources have an excess of pions (and thus photons) over nucleons at production. We demonstrate that in the case...

  12. Resultados da correção simplificada com enxerto único no defeito septal atrioventricular completo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Paula Tagliari

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available FUNDAMENTO: Desde que Wilcox, em 1997, descreveu uma forma simplificada de correção do Defeito Septal Atrioventricular (DSAV com enxerto único, diversos estudos têm sido realizados comparando-a à técnica com duplo enxerto. OBJETIVO: Relatar os resultados em médio e longo prazos da correção de DSAV completo pela técnica simplificada de enxerto único. MÉTODOS: Estudo retrospectivo de 16 casos consecutivos arrolados entre janeiro de 2001 e dezembro de 2011. A idade média foi 18,31 ± 34,19 meses (2 meses - 11 anos e o peso 7,80 ± 6,12 Kg (3,77 - 25,0 Kg; 6 pacientes eram do sexo masculino e 14 eram portadores de Síndrome de Down. O tempo de seguimento médio foi de 54,97 ± 47,79 meses. RESULTADOS: O tempo médio de circulação extracorpórea foi 74,63 ± 18,48 min (49 - 112 min e o de pinçamento aórtico, de 46,44 ± 11,89 min (34 - 67 min. Foram observados dois óbitos hospitalares (12,5%, ambos por causa cardiovascular. Três pacientes foram reoperados por regurgitação da valva atrioventricular (VA esquerda e dois apresentaram bloqueio atrioventricular (BAV completo com necessidade de implante de marca-passo definitivo. Não houve nenhum caso de obstrução da via de saída do ventrículo esquerdo. Os 14 pacientes sobreviventes permanecem assintomáticos, 10 deles com insuficiência da valva VA esquerda leve (71,42%. CONCLUSÃO: A técnica simplificada com enxerto único para correção de DSAV completo mostrou-se factível, associada à correção adequada dos defeitos e à favorável evolução clínica e ecocardiográfica nos 57,97 meses de seguimento médio avaliados.

  13. Cardiovascular: radioisotopic angiocardiography

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Radioisotopic angiocardiography, performed after the intravenous injection of 99/sup m/Tc-labeled pertechnetate or albumin, is a simple, rapid, and safe procedure which permits identification and physiologic assessment of a wide variety of congenital and acquired cardiovascular lesions in infants and children. These include atrial and ventricular septal defect, tetralogy of Fallot, pulmonic stenosis, aortopulmonary window, transposition of the great vessels, valvular stenosis and/or insufficiency, myocardial lesions, and lesions of the great vessels. The simplicity of the procedure lends itself to repeated measurements to assess the effects of therapy or to follow the course of the disease. A wide spectrum of congenital and acquired cardiovascular diseases have been studied which have particular application to the pediatric age group. (auth)

  14. Widespread blunting of hypothalamic and amygdala-septal activity and behavior in rats with long-term hyperglycemia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moreno-Cortés, M L; Gutiérrez-García, A G; Guillén-Ruiz, G; Romo-González, T; Contreras, C M

    2016-09-01

    Anxiety and depression in diabetic patients contributes to a poor prognosis, but possible causal relationships have been controversial. Anxiety, fear, and anhedonia are mediated by interactions between different deep structures of the temporal lobe (e.g., amygdala complex and hippocampus) and other forebrain-related structures (e.g., lateral septal nucleus). Connections between these structures and the hypothalamic orexinergic system are necessary for the maintenance of energy and wakefulness. However, few studies have explored the impact of long-term hyperglycemia in these structures on anxiety. We induced long-term hyperglycemia (glucose levels of ∼500mg/dl) in Wistar rats by injecting them with alloxan and simultaneously protecting them from hyperglycemia by injecting them daily with a low dose of insulin (i.e., just enough insulin to avoid death), thus maintaining hyperglycemia and ketonuria for as long as 6 weeks. Compared with controls, long-term hyperglycemic rats exhibited a significant reduction of Fos expression in the lateral septal nucleus and basolateral amygdala, but no differences were found in cerebellar regions. Orexin-A cells appeared to be inactive in the lateral hypothalamus. No differences were found in sucrose consumption or behavior in the elevated plus maze compared with the control group, but a decrease in general locomotion was observed. These data indicate a generalized blunting of the metabolic brain response, accompanied by a decrease in locomotion but no changes in hedonic- or anxiety-like behavior. PMID:27173433

  15. Diffusion of hyperpolarized 129Xe in the lung: a simplified model of 129Xe septal uptake and experimental results

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patz, Samuel; Muradyan, Iga; Hrovat, Mirko I.; Dabaghyan, Mikayel; Washko, George R.; Hatabu, Hiroto; Butler, James P.

    2011-01-01

    We used hyperpolarized 129Xe NMR to measure pulmonary alveolar surface area per unit gas volume SA/Vgas, alveolar septal thickness h and capillary transit time τ, three critical determinants of the lung's primary role as a gas exchange organ. An analytical solution for a simplified diffusion model is described, together with a modification of the xenon transfer contrast imaging technique utilizing 90° radio-frequency pulses applied to the dissolved phase, rather than traditional 180° pulses. With this approach, three-dimensional (3D) maps of SA/Vgas were obtained. We measured global SA/Vgas, h and τ in four normal subjects, two subjects with mild interstitial lung disease (ILD) and two subjects with mild chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). In normals, SA/Vgas decreased with increasing lung volume from ~320 to 80 cm-1 both h~13 μm and τ~1.5 s were relatively constant. For the two ILD subjects, h was, respectively, 36 and 97% larger than normal, quantifying an increased gas/blood tissue barrier; SA/Vgas and τ were normal. The two COPD subjects had SA/Vgas values ~25% that of normals, quantifying septal surface loss in emphysema; h and τ were normal. These are the first noninvasive, non-radiation-based, quantitative measurements of h and τ in patients with pulmonary disease.

  16. Diffusion of hyperpolarized 129Xe in the lung: a simplified model of 129Xe septal uptake and experimental results

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We used hyperpolarized 129Xe NMR to measure pulmonary alveolar surface area per unit gas volume SA/Vgas, alveolar septal thickness h and capillary transit time τ, three critical determinants of the lung's primary role as a gas exchange organ. An analytical solution for a simplified diffusion model is described, together with a modification of the xenon transfer contrast imaging technique utilizing 900 radio-frequency pulses applied to the dissolved phase, rather than traditional 1800 pulses. With this approach, three-dimensional (3D) maps of SA/Vgas were obtained. We measured global SA/Vgas, h and τ in four normal subjects, two subjects with mild interstitial lung disease (ILD) and two subjects with mild chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). In normals, SA/Vgas decreased with increasing lung volume from ∼320 to 80 cm-1; both h∼13 μm and τ∼1.5 s were relatively constant. For the two ILD subjects, h was, respectively, 36 and 97% larger than normal, quantifying an increased gas/blood tissue barrier; SA/Vgas and τ were normal. The two COPD subjects had SA/Vgas values ∼25% that of normals, quantifying septal surface loss in emphysema; h and τ were normal. These are the first noninvasive, non-radiation-based, quantitative measurements of h and τ in patients with pulmonary disease.

  17. Adipose Stem Cells Used to Reconstruct 13 Cases With Cranio-Maxillofacial Hard-Tissue Defects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Numminen, Jura; Wolff, Jan; Thesleff, Tuomo; Miettinen, Aimo; Tuovinen, Veikko J.; Mannerström, Bettina; Patrikoski, Mimmi; Seppänen, Riitta; Miettinen, Susanna; Rautiainen, Markus; Öhman, Juha

    2014-01-01

    Although isolated reports of hard-tissue reconstruction in the cranio-maxillofacial skeleton exist, multipatient case series are lacking. This study aimed to review the experience with 13 consecutive cases of cranio-maxillofacial hard-tissue defects at four anatomically different sites, namely frontal sinus (3 cases), cranial bone (5 cases), mandible (3 cases), and nasal septum (2 cases). Autologous adipose tissue was harvested from the anterior abdominal wall, and adipose-derived stem cells were cultured, expanded, and then seeded onto resorbable scaffold materials for subsequent reimplantation into hard-tissue defects. The defects were reconstructed with either bioactive glass or β-tricalcium phosphate scaffolds seeded with adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs), and in some cases with the addition of recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2. Production and use of ASCs were done according to good manufacturing practice guidelines. Follow-up time ranged from 12 to 52 months. Successful integration of the construct to the surrounding skeleton was noted in 10 of the 13 cases. Two cranial defect cases in which nonrigid resorbable containment meshes were used sustained bone resorption to the point that they required the procedure to be redone. One septal perforation case failed outright at 1 year because of the postsurgical resumption of the patient’s uncontrolled nasal picking habit. PMID:24558162

  18. Birth Defects. Matrix No. 2.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brent, Robert L.

    This report discusses the magnitude of the problem of birth defects, outlines advances in the birth defects field in the past decade, and identifies those areas where research is needed for the prevention, treatment, and management of birth defects. The problem of birth defects has consumed a greater portion of our health care resources because of…

  19. Increased risk of severe congenital heart defects in offspring exposed to selective serotonin-reuptake inhibitors in early pregnancy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Knudsen, Tanja Majbrit; Hansen, Anne Vinkel; Garne, Ester; Andersen, Anne-Marie Nybo

    2014-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Previous studies suggest a possible association between maternal use of selective serotonin-reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) during early pregnancy and congenital heart defects (CHD). The purpose of this study was to verify this association by using validated data from the Danish EUROCAT...... Register, and secondary, to investigate whether the risk differs between various socioeconomic groups. METHODS: We conducted a cohort study based on Danish administrative register data linked with the Danish EUROCAT Register, which includes all CHD diagnosed in live births, fetal deaths and in pregnancies...... 845 pregnant women who used SSRIs during first trimester increased four times (AOR 4.03 (95% CI 1.75-9.26)). We found no increased risk of septal defects. Socioeconomic position did not modify the association between maternal SSRI-use during pregnancy and severe CHD. CONCLUSION: This study, which is...

  20. Deletions in 14q24.1q24.3 are associated with congenital heart defects, brachydactyly, and mild intellectual disability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oehl-Jaschkowitz, Barbara; Vanakker, Olivier M; De Paepe, Anne; Menten, Björn; Martin, Thomas; Weber, Georg; Christmann, Alexander; Krier, Romain; Scheid, Simone; McNerlan, Susan E; McKee, Shane; Tzschach, Andreas

    2014-03-01

    Interstitial deletions of chromosome band 14q24.1q24.3 are apparently very rare. We report on three unrelated patients with overlapping de novo deletions of sizes 5.4, 2.8, and 2.3 Mb in this region. While some clinical problems such as intestinal malrotation, cryptorchidism, and ectopic kidney were only observed in single patients, all three patients had mild intellectual disability, congenital heart defects (truncus arteriosus, pulmonary atresia, atrial septal defect, and/or ventricular septal defect), brachydactyly, hypertelorism, broad nasal bridge, and thin upper lips. Likely haploinsufficiency of one or several of the 19 genes in the common deleted interval (ACTN1, DCAF5, EXD2, GALNTL1, ERH, SLC39A9, PLEKHD1, CCDC177, KIAA0247, LOC100289511, SRSF5, SLC10A1, SMOC1, SLC8A3, ADAM21P1, COX16, SYNJ2BP, SYNJ2BP-COX16, ADAM21) was responsible for these manifestations, but apart from SMOC1, mutations in which cause autosomal recessive Waardenburg anophthalmia syndrome, and ACTN1, mutations in which are associated with congenital macrothrombocytopenia, no disease associations have so far been reported for the other genes. Functional studies and a systematic search for mutations or chromosome aberrations in this region will elucidate the role of individual genes in the clinical manifestations and will provide insight into the underlying biological mechanisms. PMID:24357125

  1. DEFECTS SIMULATION OF ROLLING STRIP

    OpenAIRE

    Rudolf Mišičko; Tibor Kvačkaj; Martin Vlado; Lucia Gulová; Miloslav Lupták; Jana Bidulská

    2009-01-01

    The defects in the continuous casting slabs can be developed or kept down in principle by rolling technology, especially depend to sort, size and distribution of primary defects, as well as used of rolling parameters. Scope of the article is on observation behavior artificial surface and undersurface defects (scores) without filler (surface defects) and filling by oxides and casting powder (subsurface defects). First phase of hot rolling process have been done by software simulation DEFORM 3D...

  2. Supersymmetric k-defects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koehn, Michael; Trodden, Mark

    2016-04-01

    In supersymmetric theories, topological defects can have nontrivial behaviors determined purely by whether or not supersymmetry is restored in the defect core. A well-known example of this is that some supersymmetric cosmic strings are automatically superconducting, leading to important cosmological effects and constraints. We investigate the impact of nontrivial kinetic interactions, present in a number of particle physics models of interest in cosmology, on the relationship between supersymmetry and supercurrents on strings. We find that in some cases it is possible for superconductivity to be disrupted by the extra interactions.

  3. Switching from Contextual to Tone Fear Conditioning and Vice Versa: The Key Role of the Glutamatergic Hippocampal-Lateral Septal Neurotransmission

    Science.gov (United States)

    Calandreau, Ludovic; Desgranges, Bertrand; Jaffard, Robert; Desmedt, Aline

    2010-01-01

    The aim of the present experiment was to directly assess the role of the glutamatergic hippocampal-lateral septal (HPC-LS) neurotransmission in tone and contextual fear conditioning. We found that pretraining infusion of glutamatergic acid into the lateral septum promotes tone conditioning and concomitantly disrupts contextual conditioning.…

  4. Using extracorporeal membrane oxygenation support preoperatively and postoperatively as a successful bridge to recovery in a patient with a large infarct-induced ventricular septal defect

    OpenAIRE

    Jacob, Samuel; Patel, Mitesh J.; Lima, Brian; Felius, Joost; Malyala, Rajasekhar S.; Chamogeorgakis, Themistokles; MacHannaford, Juan C.; Gonzalez-Stawinski, Gonzalo V.; Rafael, Aldo E.

    2016-01-01

    Rupture of the ventricular septum during acute myocardial infarction usually occurs within the first week. The event is usually followed by low cardiac output, heart failure, and multiorgan failure. Despite the many advances in the nonoperative treatment of heart failure and cardiogenic shock, including the intra-aortic balloon pump and a multitude of new inotropic agents and vasodilators, these do not supplant the need for operative intervention in these critically ill patients. This article...

  5. Oclusão percutânea das comunicações interventriculares: experiência inicial Interventricular septal defects percutaneous occlusion: initial experiment

    OpenAIRE

    Francisco José Araújo Chamié de Queiróz; Raul Ivo Rossi Filho; Sérgio Ramos; César Esteves; Daniel Silva Chamié de Queiróz; Paulo Renato Machado; João Carlos Tress; Stella Suzana Horowitz; Helder Paupério; Rosaura Victer

    2005-01-01

    OBJETIVO: Avaliar a experiência inicial com o fechamento percutâneo das comunicações interventriculares (CIV), em especial, das CIV perimembranosas (CIVPM) com a nova prótese de Amplatzer. MÉTODOS: Foram submetidos ao procedimento onze pacientes, seis com CIV perimembranosas (CIVPM) e cinco com CIV musculares (CIVM). Dois apresentavam infecções repetidas do trato respiratório e tinham baixo ganho ponderal. Um apresentou história prévia de endocardite infecciosa. Os demais eram assintomáticos ...

  6. Production of point defects

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Vacancies at thermodynamic equilibrium and the annealing of these defects are studied first, after which electron irradiations are dealt with. The displacement threshold energy concept is introduced. Part three concerns heavy ion and neutron irradiations. Displacement cascades and the thermal spike concept are discussed

  7. Quantum computing with defects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weber, J R; Koehl, W F; Varley, J B; Janotti, A; Buckley, B B; Van de Walle, C G; Awschalom, D D

    2010-05-11

    Identifying and designing physical systems for use as qubits, the basic units of quantum information, are critical steps in the development of a quantum computer. Among the possibilities in the solid state, a defect in diamond known as the nitrogen-vacancy (NV(-1)) center stands out for its robustness--its quantum state can be initialized, manipulated, and measured with high fidelity at room temperature. Here we describe how to systematically identify other deep center defects with similar quantum-mechanical properties. We present a list of physical criteria that these centers and their hosts should meet and explain how these requirements can be used in conjunction with electronic structure theory to intelligently sort through candidate defect systems. To illustrate these points in detail, we compare electronic structure calculations of the NV(-1) center in diamond with those of several deep centers in 4H silicon carbide (SiC). We then discuss the proposed criteria for similar defects in other tetrahedrally coordinated semiconductors. PMID:20404195

  8. Topological defects in CFT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Petkova, V. B., E-mail: petkova@inrne.bas.bg [Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Institute of Nuclear Research and Nuclear Energy (Bulgaria)

    2013-10-15

    Areview of the notion, properties and the use of topological defects in 2d conformal field theories is presented. An emphasis is made on the recent interpretation of such operators in non-rational theories, as describing Wilson-'t Hooft loop operators of N = 2 supersymmetric 4d topological theories.

  9. Defect identification by compositional defect review using auger electron spectroscopy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Defect identification plays an enabling role in determining the source of particles that occur during semiconductor processing and are subsequently detected by defect inspection tools. Auger electron spectroscopy provides a high spatial resolution, surface sensitive analytical probe that is well matched to examining small, thin or complex defects. A focused ion beam (FIB) can be used to cross-section buried defects and structures for subsequent Auger analysis. Such measurements have been made on defects from two wafers pulled at different process steps. One wafer was analyzed after poly-Si deposition, and the other wafer was analyzed after metal 2 etch. The defects on the poly-Si wafer are Si particles. Three types of particles were found on the metal 2 wafer: C-based, stainless steel, and Si-oxide. The majority of defects on this wafer are C-based. Auger, EDS and FIB results will be compared for representative defects on these two wafers

  10. Defecto septal atrioventricular: Estudio anatomopatológico y correlación embriológica

    OpenAIRE

    Kuri Nivon,Magdalena; Martínez Martínez,Edith; Muñoz Castellanos,Luis; Espínola Zavaleta,Nilda

    2008-01-01

    El defecto septal atrioventricular es una cardiopatía congénita compleja en la que no sólo están deficientes los tabiques cardíacos, sino que muestra otras alteraciones anatómicas en el corazón expresadas en un amplio espectro a nivel de la unión atrioventricular común. En este trabajo se muestra la experiencia anatomopatológica de esta cardiopatía en el Instituto Nacional de Cardiología "Ignacio Chávez" y se elabora una correlación anatomoembriológica para inferir su patogenia. Se analizaron...

  11. Adrenoceptors of the medial septal area modulate water intake and renal excretory function induced by central administration of angiotensin II

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saad W.A.

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available We investigated the role of alpha-adrenergic antagonists and clonidine injected into the medial septal area (MSA on water intake and the decrease in Na+, K+ and urine elicited by ANGII injection into the third ventricle (3rdV. Male Holtzman rats with stainless steel cannulas implanted into the 3rdV and MSA were used. ANGII (12 nmol/µl increased water intake (12.5 ± 1.7 ml/120 min. Clonidine (20 nmol/µl injected into the MSA reduced the ANGII-induced water intake (2.9 ± 0.5 ml/120 min. Pretreatment with 80 nmol/µl yohimbine or prazosin into the MSA also reduced the ANGII-induced water intake (3.0 ± 0.4 and 3.1 ± 0.2 ml/120 min, respectively. Yohimbine + prazosin + clonidine injected into the MSA abolished the ANGII-induced water intake (0.2 ± 0.1 and 0.2 ± 0.1 ml/120 min, respectively. ANGII reduced Na+ (23 ± 7 µEq/120 min, K+ (27 ± 3 µEq/120 min and urine volume (4.3 ± 0.9 ml/120 min. Clonidine increased the parameters above. Clonidine injected into the MSA abolished the inhibitory effect of ANGII on urinary sodium. Yohimbine injected into the MSA also abolished the inhibitory effects of ANGII. Yohimbine + clonidine attenuated the inhibitory effects of ANGII. Prazosin injected into the MSA did not cause changes in ANGII responses. Prazosin + clonidine attenuated the inhibitory effects of ANGII. The results showed that MSA injections of alpha1- and alpha2-antagonists decreased ANGII-induced water intake, and abolished the Na+, K+ and urine decrease induced by ANGII into the 3rdV. These findings suggest the involvement of septal alpha1- and alpha2-adrenergic receptors in water intake and electrolyte and urine excretion induced by central ANGII.

  12. Birth Defects Research and Tracking

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Podcasts & Video E-Cards Flu Badge Real Stories Cleft Lip and Palate Craniosynostosis Down Syndrome Eye Defects Fetal Alcohol Syndrome ... premature birth, certain birth defects (such as cleft lip, cleft palate, or both ), and infant death. Quitting smoking before ...

  13. Impact of Congenital Heart Defects

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... High Blood Pressure Tools & Resources Stroke More The Impact of Congenital Heart Defects Updated:Oct 21,2015 ... is an important part of successful coping. The Impact of Congenital Heart Defects • Home • About Congenital Heart ...

  14. Common Types of Heart Defects

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... heart –body. More information about Single Ventricle Defects . Tetralogy of Fallot What is it? A heart defect that features ... right chamber becomes overly thickened More information about Tetralogy of Fallot . Total Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Connection (TAPVC) What is ...

  15. Disease: H00546 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available H00546 Atrial septal defect Atrial septal defect is an abnormal hole in the interatrial septum b ... nants of atrial and ventricular septal defects and patent ... ductus arteriosus. Am J Med Genet 97:304-9 (2000) ...

  16. Point defects in silicates

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Topaz is a wide band gap insulating crystal with four Al2F2SiO4 formula units per orthorhombic unit cell and containing isolated SiO4 tetrahedron. Electron spin resonance (ESR), UV-VIS spectrophotometry, photoluminescence, and isochronal annealing were used to study the point defects introduced by fast-neutron bombardment or by alpha decay recoils. The superoxide radical is characterized by a single hole-like spin 1/2 signal with principle g-values gxx = 2.0055, gzz = 2.0407 and the major axis of the defect points along 0.356a + 0.152b + 0.922c. The superoxide anneals near 650C. Two polarization dependent absorptions occur in the UV due to the transitions 2IIg → 2IIu and 2IIg → 2Δu. The former has an oscillator strength of 0.06. The 2.5 eV polarization dependent luminescence is due to the transition 2IIg → 2IIu. The 2Δu → 2IIu is non-radiative. The doubly occupied dangling silicon bond, the blue center, is characterized by a 2 eV polarization dependent absorption and is non-paramagnetic. The transition dipole for this absorption points in the direction 0.93a + 0.210b + 0.305c and the oscillator strength is approximately 2.0 x 10-3. The blue center anneals at 500C. This dangling bond defect is one of two models proposed for a similar 2 eV absorption in silica glass. The defects in quartz (SiO2) were introduced by the recoil nuclei after alpha decays of uranium, thorium, and their daughters in natural abundances. The accumulating damage provides a geological clock by which the age of the quartz can be found. The sample came from Yucca Flats, Nevada, the proposed site of a nuclear waste dump

  17. Benign gastric filling defect

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The gastric lesion is a common source of complaints to Orientals, however, evaluation of gastric symptoms and laboratory examination offer little specific aid in the diagnosis of gastric diseases. Thus roentgenography of gastrointestinal tract is one of the most reliable method for detail diagnosis. On double contract study of stomach, gastric filling defect is mostly caused by malignant gastric cancer, however, other benign lesions can cause similar pictures which can be successfully treated by surgery. 66 cases of benign causes of gastric filling defect were analyzed at this point of view, which was verified pathologically by endoscope or surgery during recent 7 years in Yensei University College of Medicine, Severance Hospital. The characteristic radiological picture of each disease was discussed for precise radiologic diagnosis. 1. Of total 66 cases, there were 52 cases of benign gastric tumor 10 cases of gastric varices, 5 cases of gastric bezoar, 5 cases of corrosive gastritis, 3 cases of granulomatous disease and one case of gastric hematoma. 2. The most frequent causes of benign tumors were adenomatous polyp (35/42) and the next was leiomyoma (4/42). Others were one of case of carcinoid, neurofibroma and cyst. 3. Characteristic of benign adenomatous polyp were relatively small in size, smooth surface and were observed that large size, benign polyp was frequently type IV lesion with a stalk. 4. Submucosal tumors such as leiomyoma needed differential diagnosis with polypoid malignant cancer. However, the characteristic points of differentiation was well circumscribed smooth margined filling defect without definite mucosal destruction on surface. 5. Gastric varices showed multiple lobulated filling defected especially on gastric fundus that changed its size and shape by respiration and posture of patients. Same varices lesions on esophagus and history of liver disease were helpful for easier diagnosis. 6. Gastric bezoar showed well defined movable mass

  18. Antisite defects at oxide interfaces

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Hanghui; Millis, Andrew

    2016-03-01

    We use ab initio calculations to estimate the formation energies of cation (transition-metal) antisite defects at oxide interfaces and to understand the basic physical effects that drive or suppress the formation of these defects. Antisite defects are found to be favored in systems with substantial charge transfer across the interface, while Jahn-Teller distortions and itinerant ferromagnetism can prevent antisite defects and help stabilize atomically sharp interfaces. Our results enable identification of classes of systems that may be more and less susceptible to the formation of antisite defects, and they motivate experimental studies and further theoretical calculations to elucidate the local structure and stability of oxide interface systems.

  19. Defect disorder in UO2

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A defect disorder model has been developed to determine equilibrium off-stoichiometry and its spatial variations in UO2 crystals. The model gives the concentrations of atomic defects and electronic carriers as functions of oxygen partial pressure and temperature in the bulk and near crystal surfaces subject to an oxygen environment. Energetic parameters from published density functional theory calculations have been integrated into the defect disorder model for an accurate determination of the defect density and off-stoichiometry. The ionosorption theory has been used to couple the oxygen environment with the defect state in the crystal as we solved for the defect disorder near crystal surfaces. Contrary to the common belief that hyper-stoichiometry of UO2 is dominated by oxygen interstitials, the current model predicts that this regime is rather dominated by uranium vacancies. The model predictions also show that, in the presence of surfaces, the point defect concentrations vary by orders of magnitude in the subsurface region relative to the bulk region. Highlights: • Defect disorder in bulk UO2+x is modeled in terms of temperature and oxygen pressure. • The densities of atomic defects and electronic charge carriers are determined. • The model is extended to study the heterogeneity of defect density near crystal surfaces. • The surface effect is modeled using ionosorption theory. • The dominant defect type and off-stoichiometry profile near surface are found

  20. Invisible defects in complex crystals

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We show that invisible localized defects, i.e. defects that cannot be detected by an outside observer, can be realized in a crystal with an engineered imaginary potential at the defect site. The invisible defects are synthesized by means of supersymmetric (Darboux) transformations of an ordinary crystal using band-edge wavefunctions to construct the superpotential. The complex crystal has an entire real-valued energy spectrum and Bragg scattering is not influenced by the defects. An example of complex crystal synthesis is presented for the Mathieu potential. -- Highlights: •We show the existence of invisible localized defects in complex crystals. •They turn out to be fully invisible to Bloch waves belonging to any lattice band. •An example of invisible defect is presented for a PT-symmetric Mathieu crystal

  1. Point defects in nickel

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The defects in electron irradiated nickel (20 deg. K) or neutron irradiated nickel (28 deg. K) are studied by simultaneous analysis using the magnetic after-effect, electron microscopy and electrical resistivity recovery. We use zone refined nickel (99.999 per cent) which, for some experiments, is alloyed with a small amount of iron (for example 0.1 per cent Fe). The temperature dependant electrical recovery may be divided in four stages. The sub-stages IB (31 deg. K), IC (42 deg. K), ID (from to 57 deg. K) and IE (62 deg. K) of stage I are due to the disappearance of single interstitials into vacancies. The interstitial defect has a split configuration with a migration energy of about 0.15 eV. In the close pair which disappears in stage IB the interstitial is found to be in a 3. neighbour position whilst in stage ID it is near the direction from the vacancy. In stage IE there is no longer any interaction between the interstitial and the vacancy. The stage II is due to more complicated interstitial defects: di-interstitials for stage IIB (84 deg. K) and larger and larger interstitial loops for the following sub-stages. The loops may be seen by electron microscopy. Impurities can play the role of nucleation centers for the loops. Stages IIIA (370 deg. K) and IIIB (376 deg. K) are due to two types of di-vacancies. During stage IV (410 deg. K) the single vacancies migrate. Vacancy type loops and interstitial type loops grow concurrently and disappear at about 800 deg. K as observed by electron microscopy. (author)

  2. Topological defect lasers

    CERN Document Server

    Knitter, Sebastian; Xiong, Wen; Guy, Mikhael I; Solomon, Glenn S; Cao, Hui

    2014-01-01

    We demonstrate topological defect lasers in a GaAs membrane with embedded InAs quantum dots. By introducing a disclination to a square-lattice of elliptical air holes, we obtain spatially confined optical resonances with high quality factor. Such resonances support powerflow vortices, and lase upon optical excitation of quantum dots, embedded in the structure. The spatially inhomogeneous variation of the unit cell orientation adds another dimension to the control of a lasing mode, enabling the manipulation of its field pattern and energy flow landscape.

  3. Single ventricle cardiac defect

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Single ventricle heart is defined as a rare cardiac abnormality with a single ventricle chamber involving diverse functional and physiological defects. Our case is of a ten month-old baby boy who died shortly after admission to the hospital due to vomiting and diarrhoea. Autopsy findings revealed cyanosis of finger nails and ears. Internal examination revealed; large heart, weighing 60 grams, single ventricle, without a septum and upper membranous part. Single ventricle is a rare pathology, hence, this paper aims to discuss this case from a medico-legal point of view. (author)

  4. Axotomy-induced neurotrophic withdrawal causes the loss of phenotypic differentiation and downregulation of NGF signalling, but not death of septal cholinergic neurons

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Inestrosa Nibaldo C

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Septal cholinergic neurons account for most of the cholinergic innervations of the hippocampus, playing a key role in the regulation of hippocampal synaptic activity. Disruption of the septo-hippocampal pathway by an experimental transection of the fimbria-fornix drastically reduces the target-derived trophic support received by cholinergic septal neurons, mainly nerve growth factor (NGF from the hippocampus. Axotomy of cholinergic neurons induces a reduction in the number of neurons positive for cholinergic markers in the medial septum. In several studies, the reduction of cholinergic markers has been interpreted as analogous to the neurodegeneration of cholinergic cells, ruling out the possibility that neurons lose their cholinergic phenotype without dying. Understanding the mechanism of cholinergic neurodegeneration after axotomy is relevant, since this paradigm has been extensively explored as an animal model of the cholinergic impairment observed in neuropathologies such as Alzheimer's disease. The principal aim of this study was to evaluate, using modern quantitative confocal microscopy, neurodegenerative changes in septal cholinergic neurons after axotomy and to assess their response to delayed infusion of NGF in rats. Results We found that there is a slow reduction of cholinergic cells labeled by ChAT and p75 after axotomy. However, this phenomenon is not accompanied by neurodegenerative changes or by a decrease in total neuronal number in the medial septum. Although the remaining axotomized-neurons appear healthy, they are unable to respond to delayed NGF infusion. Conclusions Our results demonstrate that at 3 weeks, axotomized cholinergic neurons lose their cholinergic phenotype without dying and down-regulate their NGF-receptors, precluding the possibility of a response to NGF. Therefore, the physiological role of NGF in the adult septal cholinergic system is to support phenotypic differentiation and not survival

  5. Impact of incidental amyloidosis on the prognosis of patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy undergoing septal myectomy for left ventricular outflow tract obstruction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Helder, Meghana R K; Schaff, Hartzell V; Nishimura, Rick A; Gersh, Bernard J; Dearani, Joseph A; Ommen, Steve R; Mereuta, Oana M; Theis, Jason D; Dogan, Ahmet; Edwards, William D

    2014-11-01

    To determine the impact of amyloid on the prognosis of patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HC), we reviewed outcomes of patients who underwent septal myectomy for HC from March 7, 1996, to October 9, 2012, with amyloid deposits identified in operative specimens. Amyloid subtypes were differentiated by mass spectrometry-based proteomics. The survival rate was compared with that of an age-matched population (2:1) without amyloid who underwent septal myectomy for HC. Sixteen patients (mean age ± SD 71 ± 8 years; 12 men) met study criteria. All 16 had intraventricular peak systolic gradients reduced intraoperatively from 105 ± 53 mm Hg to 3 ± 7 mm Hg (p Amyloid deposits in specimens ranged from minimal to mild. Nine patients had senile (transthyretin-type) amyloidosis, 4 had immunoglobulin-associated amyloidosis, 2 had apolipoprotein A4 amyloidosis type, and 1 had serum amyloid A type. There were no deaths before 30 days. Twelve patients had New York Heart Association class III or IV function preoperatively, and at last follow-up (median 3 years), class I or II. Only 1 patient received postoperative amyloidosis treatment. The postoperative survival rate at 2 and 4 years was 100% (n = 11 at risk) and 91% (n = 6 at risk), respectively, similar to that of the age-matched population with HC without amyloid who underwent myectomy (p = 0.13). Patients undergoing septal myectomy for HC who have histologic evidence of mild amyloidosis have early outcomes and midterm survival similar to those of patients with HC without amyloidosis who undergo myectomy. In conclusion, although longer follow-up is necessary, small amounts of amyloid, regardless of subtype, do not confer a poor prognosis on patients with HC who undergo septal myectomy. PMID:25217455

  6. Visualization of transcoronary ablation of septal hypertrophy in patients with hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy: a comparison between cardiac MRI, invasive measurements and echocardiography

    OpenAIRE

    Sohns, Christian; Sossalla, Samuel; Schmitto, Jan D; Jacobshagen, Claudius; Raab, Björn; Obenauer, Silvia; Maier, Lars S.

    2010-01-01

    Objective Hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM) is treated by surgical myectomy or transcoronary ablation of septal hypertrophy (TASH). The aim of this study was to visualize the feasibility, success and short-term results of TASH on the basis of cardiac MRI (CMR) in comparison with cardiac catheterization and echocardiography. Methods In this in vivo study, nine patients with HOCM were treated with TASH. Patients were evaluated by transthoracic echocardiography, invasive cardiac ang...

  7. Septal co-infusions of glucose with the benzodiazepine agonist chlordiazepoxide impair memory, but co-infusions of glucose with the opiate morphine do not

    OpenAIRE

    Krebs-Kraft, Desiree L.; Parent, Marise B.

    2009-01-01

    We have found repeatedly that medial septal (MS) infusions of glucose impair memory when co-infused with the γ-amino butyric acid (GABA) agonist muscimol. The present experiment sought to determine whether the memory-impairing effects of this concentration of glucose would generalize to another GABAA receptor agonist and to an agonist from another neurotransmitter system that is known to impair memory. Specifically, we determined whether the dose of glucose that produces memory deficits when ...

  8. [Congenital defects and incapacity].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jouve de la Barreda, Nicolás

    2009-01-01

    As a whole the congenital defects constitute an important section of the medical attention affecting near 3% of the population. A 15% of spontaneous abortions take place of which the greater frequency corresponds to the chromosome anomalies (25%) and the monogenic mutations (20%) and in a lesser extent to the effects of teratogenic agents. Between the genetic causes determining the congenital defects the mutations that affect genes acting in the early stages of development occupy a main place. These alterations can affect to homeotic genes or monogenic systems that act during the critical phases of the organogenesis. It seems evident that an alteration in the expression of a necessary gene for the appearance of a morphogenetic change constitutes the angular stone to understand resurging of a malformation or discapacity. In the last years has been demonstrated the importance of the teratogenic or environmental agents on the delicate internal physiological balance during the critical stages of the development. In this context must be included the inductive environmental factors inducing epigenetic modifications in the early stage of the development of the embryos produced by fertilization in vitro. PMID:19799481

  9. Hippocampal rhythmical slow activity following ibotenic acid lesions of the septal region. I. Relations to behavior and effects of atropine and urethane.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stewart, D J; Vanderwolf, C H

    1987-10-13

    The effects of intraseptal injections of various concentrations of ibotenic acid on hippocampal electrical activity were studied in freely moving and urethane-anesthetized rats. Ibotenic acid selectively abolished the atropine-sensitive form of hippocampal rhythmical slow activity (RSA) normally seen during urethane anesthesia. Large amplitude irregular activity (LIA) and RSA in the waking state were somewhat depressed as well. Despite this, clear RSA persisted in the waking state in association with locomotion or struggling (Type 1 behavior). As in normal rats, such RSA was resistant to systemic administration of atropine. Analysis of brain sections stained with gallocyanin or for acetylcholinesterase showed that ibotenic acid produced cell loss in the dorsal lateral septal nucleus and the septohippocampal nucleus. Cells in the medial septal and diagonal band nuclei were resistant to ibotenic acid. The results suggest that intrinsic septal circuitry is critically involved in the generation of the atropine-sensitive (presumably cholinergic) form of RSA. The mechanisms by which LIA and the two forms of RSA are generated in the hippocampus is discussed. PMID:3676823

  10. Ventricular Septal Perforation after Biventricular Takotsubo Cardiomyopathy Successfully Repaired with an Amplatzer Device: First Report in the Literature

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodríguez, Alfredo E.; Fernandez-Pereira, Carlos; Mieres, Juan; Ascarrunz, Diego; Gabe, Eduardo; Rodríguez-Granillo, Alfredo Matías; Frattini, Romina; Stuzbach, Pablo

    2016-01-01

    A 79-year-old female was admitted with sudden onset dyspnea, mild oppressive chest pain, and severe anxiety disorder. Patient had history of hypertension, dyslipidemia, smoking, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. On admission blood pressure was 160/90 and heart rate was 130 bpm. Transthoracic echocardiography (TE) and contrast tomography showed a thin septum with an abnormal left and right ventricular contraction with an “apical ballooning” pattern and mild increase of cardiac enzymes. At the 4th day of admission, the patient presented symptoms and signs of congestive heart failure and developed cardiogenic shock. EKG showed an inversion of T waves in all precordial leads. In a new TE, a ventricular septal perforation (VSP) in the apical portion of the septum was seen. Coronary angiogram showed angiographically “normal” coronary arteries. With a diagnosis of VSP in takotsubo cardiomyopathy, a percutaneous procedure to repair the VSP was performed 11 days after admission. The VSP was closed with an Amplatzer device. TE performed 24 hours after showed significant improvement of ventricular function and good apposition of the Amplatzer device. Three days later she was discharged from the hospital. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of a VSP in a TCM repaired percutaneously with an occluder device.

  11. Preventive echocardiographic examination in athletes and workers – Quadricuspid aortic valve and atrial septal aneurysm in a young basketball player

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karina Wierzbowska-Drabik

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Ensuring safety of young athletes and employees who perform hard physical work within the scope of their professional duties, with a special focus on prevention of a sudden cardiac death at sports fields or during hard physical work is one of the most important tasks, which demands joint effort of cardiologists and sport physicians or occupational physicians, who qualify patients for a job or a sport discipline. Apart from hypertrophic and arhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy, coronary anomalies and aortic dissection belong to the most frequent causes of dramatic complications during competitive exercise or work with an increased energy expenditure. Although a detailed medical history and a physical examination combined with 12-lead ECG assessment may significantly improve the safety in competitive sports, adding echocardiography examination gives a detailed and noninvasive insight into the heart morphology and function. Therefore, in our opinion, it should constitute a standard part of the evaluation of candidates for competitive sports. The practice indicates that beyond subjects with severe heart diseases and those classified as normal, there is a group of individuals with abnormalities which should be more closely monitored, but are not contraindications against professional sports or work with an increased energy expenditure. We describe the case of a young female with a diagnosis of rare congenital aortic valve disease, quadricuspid valve, with mild regurgitation and atrial septal aneurysm which was established during transthoracic echocardiography and confirmed and expanded during TEE examination.

  12. The reducing agent dithiothreitol (DTT) does not abolish the inhibitory nicotinic response recorded from rat dorsolateral septal neurons

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sorenson, E. M.; Gallagher, J. P.

    1993-01-01

    Previous intracellular recordings have demonstrated that dorsolateral septal nucleus (DLSN) neurons express a novel nicotinic receptor which produces a direct membrane hyperpolarization when activated by nicotinic agonists. Activation of the classical excitatory nicotinic receptors has been shown to require a disulfide bond involving the cysteines at positions 192 and 193 of the alpha subunits of the receptor. Reduction of this cystine bond with dithiothreitol (DTT) abolishes agonist activation of excitatory nicotinic receptors. We have now examined whether DTT treatment of the inhibitory nicotinic receptor on DLSN neurons also abolishes the inhibitory nicotinic response. We find that the inhibitory response persists after treatment of the neurons with 1 mM DTT, even if the reduction is followed by alkylation of the receptor with bromoacetylcholine to prevent possible reformation of disulfide bonds. This result suggests that the agonist binding site on the inhibitory nicotinic receptor does not require an intact disulfide bond, similar to the bond on the alpha subunit of the excitatory nicotinic receptor, for agonist activation of the receptor. Some of these results have been previously reported in abstract form.

  13. Effect of interferon-alpha on experimental septal fibrosis of the liver - study with a new model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcia Maria de Souza

    2001-04-01

    Full Text Available Interferon-alpha is used in antiviral therapy in humans, mainly for viral hepatitis B and C. An anti-fibrotic effect of interferon has been postulated even in the absence of anti-viral response, which suggests that interferon directly inhibits fibrogenesis. Rats infected with the helminth Capillaria hepatica regularly develop diffuse septal fibrosis of the liver, which terminates in cirrhosis 40 days after inoculation. The aim of this study was to test the anti-fibrotic effect of interferon in this experimental model. Evaluation of fibrosis was made by three separate methods: semi-quantitative histology, computerized morphometry and hydroxyproline measurements. Treatment with interferon-alpha proved to inhibit the development of fibrosis in this model, especially when doses of 500,000 and 800,000 IU were used for 60 days. Besides confirming the anti-fibrotic potential of interferon-alpha on a non-viral new experimental model of hepatic fibrosis, a clear-cut dose-dependent effect was observed.

  14. Application of caudal septal advancement technique in nasal tip plasty%鼻中隔尾段前徙术在鼻尖成形中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐航

    2012-01-01

    Objective To build the steady framework of the nasal tip by using caudal septal advancement technique to obtain the permanent nasorostral configuration.Methods From Oct 2009 to Apr 2011,the caudal septal advancement technique was used to reconstruct the septum to make the septal anterior angel and the caudal septal margin reach the anticipated height and length of the tip,then medial crus and the vault of the lower lateral cartilage were sutured to the caudal septum to form the steady supporting structure of the nasal tip.Results 3-16 months follow-up in 26 cases showed that 2 cases appeared the staircase deformity in the junction of the bone and the cartilage in the dorsum,but the nasorostral configuration was good.3 cases whose tip and columella were deviated before the operation appeared the deviation again after 3 months but the nasorostral configuration was better than before.The other 21 cases were good.Conclusions It is a available method of using caudal septal advancement technique to form the steady nasorostral configuration.%目的 通过鼻中隔尾段前徙术,建立稳定的鼻尖支撑结构,以获得持久的鼻尖形态.方法 应用鼻中隔尾段前徙术重构鼻中隔,使鼻中隔前角及尾侧缘达到鼻尖预计的高度和长度;再将下外侧软骨穹窿、鼻翼内侧脚与鼻中隔尾侧缝合,从而形成稳定的鼻尖支撑结构.结果 26例受术者随访3~16个月,其中2例出现鼻背骨与软骨衔接处阶梯状改变,但鼻尖形态良好;3例原有鼻尖鼻小柱偏斜的患者,在3个月后出现再次偏斜,但较原先有一定改善;其余21例均鼻尖形态良好.结论 利用鼻中隔尾段前徙术可形成稳定的鼻尖形态,是一种有效的方法.

  15. Studies of defects and defect agglomerates by positron annihilation spectroscopy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eldrup, Morten Mostgaard; Singh, B.N.

    1997-01-01

    A brief introduction to positron annihilation spectroscopy (PAS), and in particular lo its use for defect studies in metals is given. Positrons injected into a metal may become trapped in defects such as vacancies, vacancy clusters, voids, bubbles and dislocations and subsequently annihilate from...... advantages of the use of PAS are pointed out. (C) 1997 Elsevier Science B.V....

  16. A Comprehensive In Silico Analysis on the Structural and Functional Impact of SNPs in the Congenital Heart Defects Associated with NKX2-5 Gene-A Molecular Dynamic Simulation Approach.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Firoz Abdul Samad

    Full Text Available Congenital heart defects (CHD presented as structural defects in the heart and blood vessels during birth contribute an important cause of childhood morbidity and mortality worldwide. Many Single nucletotide polymorphisms (SNPs in different genes have been associated with various types of congenital heart defects. NKX 2-5 gene is one among them, which encodes a homeobox-containing transcription factor that plays a crucial role during the initial phases of heart formation and development. Mutations in this gene could cause different types of congenital heart defects, including Atrial septal defect (ASD, Atrial ventricular block (AVB, Tetralogy of fallot and ventricular septal defect. This highlights the importance of studying the impact of different SNPs found within this gene that might cause structural and functional modification of its encoded protein. In this study, we retrieved SNPs from the database (dbSNP, followed by identification of potentially deleterious Non-synonymous single nucleotide polymorphisms (nsSNPs and prediction of their effect on proteins by computational screening using SIFT and Polyphen. Furthermore, we have carried out molecular dynamic simulation (MDS in order to uncover the SNPs that would cause the most structural damage to the protein altering its biological function. The most important SNP that was found using our approach was rs137852685 R161P, which was predicted to cause the most damage to the structural features of the protein. Mapping nsSNPs in genes such as NKX 2-5 would provide valuable information about individuals carrying these polymorphisms, where such variations could be used as diagnostic markers.

  17. A Comprehensive In Silico Analysis on the Structural and Functional Impact of SNPs in the Congenital Heart Defects Associated with NKX2-5 Gene-A Molecular Dynamic Simulation Approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abdul Samad, Firoz; Suliman, Bandar A; Basha, Syed Hussain; Manivasagam, Thamilarasan; Essa, Musthafa Mohamed

    2016-01-01

    Congenital heart defects (CHD) presented as structural defects in the heart and blood vessels during birth contribute an important cause of childhood morbidity and mortality worldwide. Many Single nucletotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in different genes have been associated with various types of congenital heart defects. NKX 2-5 gene is one among them, which encodes a homeobox-containing transcription factor that plays a crucial role during the initial phases of heart formation and development. Mutations in this gene could cause different types of congenital heart defects, including Atrial septal defect (ASD), Atrial ventricular block (AVB), Tetralogy of fallot and ventricular septal defect. This highlights the importance of studying the impact of different SNPs found within this gene that might cause structural and functional modification of its encoded protein. In this study, we retrieved SNPs from the database (dbSNP), followed by identification of potentially deleterious Non-synonymous single nucleotide polymorphisms (nsSNPs) and prediction of their effect on proteins by computational screening using SIFT and Polyphen. Furthermore, we have carried out molecular dynamic simulation (MDS) in order to uncover the SNPs that would cause the most structural damage to the protein altering its biological function. The most important SNP that was found using our approach was rs137852685 R161P, which was predicted to cause the most damage to the structural features of the protein. Mapping nsSNPs in genes such as NKX 2-5 would provide valuable information about individuals carrying these polymorphisms, where such variations could be used as diagnostic markers. PMID:27152669

  18. A Comprehensive In Silico Analysis on the Structural and Functional Impact of SNPs in the Congenital Heart Defects Associated with NKX2-5 Gene—A Molecular Dynamic Simulation Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abdul Samad, Firoz; Suliman, Bandar A.; Basha, Syed Hussain; Manivasagam, Thamilarasan

    2016-01-01

    Congenital heart defects (CHD) presented as structural defects in the heart and blood vessels during birth contribute an important cause of childhood morbidity and mortality worldwide. Many Single nucletotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in different genes have been associated with various types of congenital heart defects. NKX 2–5 gene is one among them, which encodes a homeobox-containing transcription factor that plays a crucial role during the initial phases of heart formation and development. Mutations in this gene could cause different types of congenital heart defects, including Atrial septal defect (ASD), Atrial ventricular block (AVB), Tetralogy of fallot and ventricular septal defect. This highlights the importance of studying the impact of different SNPs found within this gene that might cause structural and functional modification of its encoded protein. In this study, we retrieved SNPs from the database (dbSNP), followed by identification of potentially deleterious Non-synonymous single nucleotide polymorphisms (nsSNPs) and prediction of their effect on proteins by computational screening using SIFT and Polyphen. Furthermore, we have carried out molecular dynamic simulation (MDS) in order to uncover the SNPs that would cause the most structural damage to the protein altering its biological function. The most important SNP that was found using our approach was rs137852685 R161P, which was predicted to cause the most damage to the structural features of the protein. Mapping nsSNPs in genes such as NKX 2–5 would provide valuable information about individuals carrying these polymorphisms, where such variations could be used as diagnostic markers. PMID:27152669

  19. Exposure to non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs during pregnancy and the risk of selected birth defects: a prospective cohort study.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marleen M H J van Gelder

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Since use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs during pregnancy is common, small increases in the risk of birth defects may have significant implications for public health. Results of human studies on the teratogenic risks of NSAIDs are inconsistent. Therefore, we evaluated the risk of selected birth defects after prenatal exposure to prescribed and over-the-counter NSAIDs. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We used data on 69,929 women enrolled in the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study between 1999 and 2006. Data on NSAID exposure were available from a self-administered questionnaire completed around gestational week 17. Information on pregnancy outcome was obtained from the Medical Birth Registry of Norway. Only birth defects suspected to be associated with NSAID exposure based upon proposed teratogenic mechanisms and previous studies were included in the multivariable logistic regression analyses. A total of 3,023 women used NSAIDs in gestational weeks 0-12 and 64,074 women did not report NSAID use in early pregnancy. No associations were observed between overall exposure to NSAIDs during pregnancy and the selected birth defects separately or as a group (adjusted odds ratio 0.7, 95% confidence interval 0.4-1.1. Associations between maternal use of specific types of NSAIDs and the selected birth defects were not found either, although an increased risk was seen for septal defects and exposure to multiple NSAIDs based on small numbers (2 exposed cases; crude odds ratio 3.9, 95% confidence interval 0.9-15.7. CONCLUSIONS: Exposure to NSAIDs during the first 12 weeks of gestation does not seem to be associated with an increased risk of the selected birth defects. However, due to the small numbers of NSAID-exposed infants for the individual birth defect categories, increases in the risks of specific birth defects could not be excluded.

  20. Mountain climbing of the grown-up patient with non-corrected congenital heart defect.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haponiuk, Ireneusz; Gierat-Haponiuk, Katarzyna; Szalewska, Dominika; Niedoszytko, Piotr; Bakuła, Stanisław; Chojnicki, Maciej

    2016-03-01

    Congenital heart defects (CHD) are the cause of reduced physical performance. The presence of congenital abnormalities in the heart of grown-up patients contributes to excessive hypo-kinesia. We present endurance parameters and a personalized comprehensive cardiac rehabilitation program before an extreme mountain climbing of a 27-year-old patient with an uncorrected ventricular septal defect (VSD). A 26-year-old female patient with an uncorrected congenital VSD was admitted to the department of cardiac rehabilitation before the planned high-mountain expedition. Professional preparation and assessment of actual exercise capacity was performed before scheduled extreme climbing. We conclude that physical activity associated with a heavy load in people with uncorrected CHD who have not developed pulmonary hypertension and reverse right-to-left flow seems to be safe, while participation of grown-up patients with congenital heart disease (GUCH) in extreme mountain climbing requires special preparation, individually designed endurance training and education program, conducted by the team of professionals in specialist centers. PMID:27212986

  1. Neonatal spinal muscular atrophy type 1 with bone fractures and heart defect.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vaidla, Eve; Talvik, Inga; Kulla, Andres; Sibul, Hiljar; Maasalu, Katre; Metsvaht, Tuuli; Piirsoo, Andres; Talvik, Tiina

    2007-01-01

    The authors present the case of an infant girl with severe generalized weakness, multiple bone fractures, and heart defect. She needed mechanical ventilation from birth. Radiographs showed mid-diaphyseal fractures of both humeri and of the right femur as well as generalized osteopenia. Electroneuromyography showed spontaneous fibrillations at rest with no active movements. Motor response to a stimulus could not be registered. A systolic heart murmur was detected, and echocardiography showed a large atrial septal defect and an additional membrane in the left atrium. DNA analysis confirmed the diagnosis of spinal muscular atrophy on the third day of life. Histology of the muscle showed both hypertrophic and atrophic fibers. Degenerating swollen neurons were found in the ventral horns of the spinal cord and also in the mesencephalic red nucleus, which has not been described before. Humeral bone showed only partly formed cortical bone. The spectrum of spinal muscular atrophy is very diverse, and atypical clinical findings do not always rule out 5q spinal muscular atrophy. The SMN1 gene should still be investigated. PMID:17608308

  2. Microdeletion and microduplication analysis of chinese conotruncal defects patients with targeted array comparative genomic hybridization.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiaohui Gong

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: The current study aimed to develop a reliable targeted array comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH to detect microdeletions and microduplications in congenital conotruncal defects (CTDs, especially on 22q11.2 region, and for some other chromosomal aberrations, such as 5p15-5p, 7q11.23 and 4p16.3. METHODS: Twenty-seven patients with CTDs, including 12 pulmonary atresia (PA, 10 double-outlet right ventricle (DORV, 3 transposition of great arteries (TGA, 1 tetralogy of Fallot (TOF and one ventricular septal defect (VSD, were enrolled in this study and screened for pathogenic copy number variations (CNVs, using Agilent 8 x 15K targeted aCGH. Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR was performed to test the molecular results of targeted aCGH. RESULTS: Four of 27 patients (14.8% had 22q11.2 CNVs, 1 microdeletion and 3 microduplications. qPCR test confirmed the microdeletion and microduplication detected by the targeted aCGH. CONCLUSION: Chromosomal abnormalities were a well-known cause of multiple congenital anomalies (MCA. This aCGH using arrays with high-density coverage in the targeted regions can detect genomic imbalances including 22q11.2 and other 10 kinds CNVs effectively and quickly. This approach has the potential to be applied to detect aneuploidy and common microdeletion/microduplication syndromes on a single microarray.

  3. A hypomorphic lsd1 allele results in heart development defects in mice.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thomas B Nicholson

    Full Text Available Lysine-specific demethylase 1 (Lsd1/Aof2/Kdm1a, the first enzyme with specific lysine demethylase activity to be described, demethylates histone and non-histone proteins and is essential for mouse embryogenesis. Lsd1 interacts with numerous proteins through several different domains, most notably the tower domain, an extended helical structure that protrudes from the core of the protein. While there is evidence that Lsd1-interacting proteins regulate the activity and specificity of Lsd1, the significance and roles of such interactions in developmental processes remain largely unknown. Here we describe a hypomorphic Lsd1 allele that contains two point mutations in the tower domain, resulting in a protein with reduced interaction with known binding partners and decreased enzymatic activity. Mice homozygous for this allele die perinatally due to heart defects, with the majority of animals suffering from ventricular septal defects. Molecular analyses revealed hyperphosphorylation of E-cadherin in the hearts of mutant animals. These results identify a previously unknown role for Lsd1 in heart development, perhaps partly through the control of E-cadherin phosphorylation.

  4. Mountain climbing of the grown-up patient with non-corrected congenital heart defect

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gierat-Haponiuk, Katarzyna; Szalewska, Dominika; Niedoszytko, Piotr; Bakuła, Stanisław; Chojnicki, Maciej

    2016-01-01

    Congenital heart defects (CHD) are the cause of reduced physical performance. The presence of congenital abnormalities in the heart of grown-up patients contributes to excessive hypo-kinesia. We present endurance parameters and a personalized comprehensive cardiac rehabilitation program before an extreme mountain climbing of a 27-year-old patient with an uncorrected ventricular septal defect (VSD). A 26-year-old female patient with an uncorrected congenital VSD was admitted to the department of cardiac rehabilitation before the planned high-mountain expedition. Professional preparation and assessment of actual exercise capacity was performed before scheduled extreme climbing. We conclude that physical activity associated with a heavy load in people with uncorrected CHD who have not developed pulmonary hypertension and reverse right-to-left flow seems to be safe, while participation of grown-up patients with congenital heart disease (GUCH) in extreme mountain climbing requires special preparation, individually designed endurance training and education program, conducted by the team of professionals in specialist centers. PMID:27212986

  5. Irradiation Defects in Silicon Crystal

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2003-01-01

    The application of irradiation in silicon crystal is introduced.The defects caused by irradiation are reviewed and some major ways of studying defects in irradiated silicon are summarized.Furthermore the problems in the investigation of irradiated silicon are discussed as well as its properties.

  6. Global topological k-defects

    CERN Document Server

    Babichev, E

    2006-01-01

    We consider global topological defects in symmetry breaking models with a non-canonical kinetic term. Apart from a mass parameter entering the potential, one additional dimensional parameter arises in such models -- a ``kinetic'' mass. The properties of defects in these models are quite different from ``standard'' global domain walls, vortices and monopoles, if their kinetic mass scale is smaller than their symmetry breaking scale. In particular, depending on the concrete form of the kinetic term, the typical size of such a defect can be either much larger or much smaller than the size of a standard defect with the same potential term. The characteristic mass of a non-standard defect, which might have been formed during a phase transition in the early universe, depends on both the temperature of a phase transition and the kinetic mass.

  7. Holographic Chern-Simons defects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fujita, Mitsutoshi; Melby-Thompson, Charles M.; Meyer, René; Sugimoto, Shigeki

    2016-06-01

    We study SU( N ) Yang-Mills-Chern-Simons theory in the presence of defects that shift the Chern-Simons level from a holographic point of view by embedding the system in string theory. The model is a D3-D7 system in Type IIB string theory, whose gravity dual is given by the AdS soliton background with probe D7 branes attaching to the AdS boundary along the defects. We holographically renormalize the free energy of the defect system with sources, from which we obtain the correlation functions for certain operators naturally associated to these defects. We find interesting phase transitions when the separation of the defects as well as the temperature are varied. We also discuss some implications for the Fractional Quantum Hall Effect and for 2-dimensional QCD.

  8. Holographic Chern-Simons Defects

    CERN Document Server

    Fujita, Mitsutoshi; Meyer, Rene; Sugimoto, Shigeki

    2016-01-01

    We study SU(N) Yang-Mills-Chern-Simons theory in the presence of defects that shift the Chern-Simons level from a holographic point of view by embedding the system in string theory. The model is a D3-D7 system in Type IIB string theory, whose gravity dual is given by the AdS soliton background with probe D7-branes attaching to the AdS boundary along the defects. We holographically renormalize the free energy of the defect system with sources, from which we obtain the correlation functions for certain operators naturally associated to these defects. We find interesting phase transitions when the separation of the defects as well as the temperature are varied. We also discuss some implications for the Fractional Quantum Hall Effect and for two-dimensional QCD.

  9. Holographic Experiments on Defects

    CERN Document Server

    Wapler, Matthias C

    2009-01-01

    Using the AdS/CFT correspondence, we study the anisotropic charge transport properties of both supersymmetric and non-supersymmetric matter fields on (2+1)-dimensional defects coupled to a (3+1)-dimensional ${\\cal N}=4$ SYM "heat bath". We focus on the case of a finite external background magnetic field, finite net charge density and finite mass. At high frequencies, we discover a spectrum of quasiparticle resonances due to the magnetic field and finite density and at small frequencies, we perform a Drude-like expansion around the DC limit. Both of these regimes display many generic features and some features that we attribute to strong coupling, such as a minimum DC conductivity and an unusual behavior of the "cyclotron" and plasmon frequencies, which become related to the resonances found in the conformal case in an earlier paper. We further study the hydrodynamic regime and the relaxation properties, from which the system displays a set of different possible transitions to the collisionless regime. The mas...

  10. Ventricular septal rupture complicating acute myocardial infarction in the modern era with mechanical circulatory support: a single center observational study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liebelt, Jared J; Yang, Yuanquan; DeRose, Joseph J; Taub, Cynthia C

    2016-01-01

    Ventricular septal rupture (VSR) is a rare but devastating complication after acute myocardial infarction (AMI). While the incidence has decreased, the mortality rate from VSR has remained extremely high. The use of mechanical circulatory support with intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) and extracorporal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) may be useful in providing hemodynamic stability and time for myocardial scarring. However, the optimal timing for surgical repair remains an enigma. Retrospective analysis of 14 consecutive patients diagnosed with VSR after AMI at Montefiore Medical Center between January 2009 and June 2015. A chart review was performed with analysis of baseline characteristics, hemodynamics, imaging, percutaneous interventions, surgical timing, and outcomes. The survival group had a higher systolic BP (145 vs 98, p<0.01), higher MAP (96 vs 76, p=0.03), and lower HR (75 vs 104, p=0.05). Overall surgical timing was 6.5 ± 3.7 days after indexed myocardial infarction with a significant difference between survivors and non-survivors (9.8 vs 4.3, p=0.01). The number of pre-operative days using IABP was longer in survivors (6.5 vs 3.2, p=0.36) as was post-operative ECMO use (4.5 vs 2 days, p=0.35). The overall 30-day mortality was 71.4% with a 60% surgical mortality rate. Hemodynamics at the time of presentation and a delayed surgical approach of at least 9 days showed significant association with improved survival. Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) was more common in non-survivors. The use of IABP in the pre-operative period and post-operative ECMO use likely provide a survival benefit. PMID:27073732

  11. Supramammillary serotonin reduction alters place learning and concomitant hippocampal, septal, and supramammillar theta activity in a Morris water maze

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hernández-Pérez, J. Jesús; Gutiérrez-Guzmán, Blanca E.; López-Vázquez, Miguel Á.; Olvera-Cortés, María E.

    2015-01-01

    Hippocampal theta activity is related to spatial information processing, and high-frequency theta activity, in particular, has been linked to efficient spatial memory performance. Theta activity is regulated by the synchronizing ascending system (SAS), which includes mesencephalic and diencephalic relays. The supramamillary nucleus (SUMn) is located between the reticularis pontis oralis and the medial septum (MS), in close relation with the posterior hypothalamic nucleus (PHn), all of which are part of this ascending system. It has been proposed that the SUMn plays a role in the modulation of hippocampal theta-frequency; this could occur through direct connections between the SUMn and the hippocampus or through the influence of the SUMn on the MS. Serotonergic raphe neurons prominently innervate the hippocampus and several components of the SAS, including the SUMn. Serotonin desynchronizes hippocampal theta activity, and it has been proposed that serotonin may regulate learning through the modulation of hippocampal synchrony. In agreement with this hypothesis, serotonin depletion in the SUMn/PHn results in deficient spatial learning and alterations in CA1 theta activity-related learning in a Morris water maze. Because it has been reported that SUMn inactivation with lidocaine impairs the consolidation of reference memory, we asked whether changes in hippocampal theta activity related to learning would occur through serotonin depletion in the SUMn, together with deficiencies in memory. We infused 5,7-DHT bilaterally into the SUMn in rats and evaluated place learning in the standard Morris water maze task. Hippocampal (CA1 and dentate gyrus), septal and SUMn EEG were recorded during training of the test. The EEG power in each region and the coherence between the different regions were evaluated. Serotonin depletion in the SUMn induced deficient spatial learning and altered the expression of hippocampal high-frequency theta activity. These results provide evidence in

  12. Software Defect Detection with Rocus

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yuan Jiang; Ming Li; Zhi-Hua Zhou

    2011-01-01

    Software defect detection aims to automatically identify defective software modules for efficient software test in order to improve the quality of a software system. Although many machine learning methods have been successfully applied to the task, most of them fail to consider two practical yet important issues in software defect detection. First, it is rather difficult to collect a large amount of labeled training data for learning a well-performing model; second, in a software system there are usually much fewer defective modules than defect-free modules, so learning would have to be conducted over an imbalanced data set. In this paper, we address these two practical issues simultaneously by proposing a novel semi-supervised learning approach named Rocus. This method exploits the abundant unlabeled examples to improve the detection accuracy, as well as employs under-sampling to tackle the class-imbalance problem in the learning process. Experimental results of real-world software defect detection tasks show that Rocgs is effective for software defect detection. Its performance is better than a semi-supervised learning method that ignores the class-imbalance nature of the task and a class-imbalance learning method that does not make effective use of unlabeled data.

  13. Serine biosynthesis and transport defects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    El-Hattab, Ayman W

    2016-07-01

    l-serine is a non-essential amino acid that is biosynthesized via the enzymes phosphoglycerate dehydrogenase (PGDH), phosphoserine aminotransferase (PSAT), and phosphoserine phosphatase (PSP). Besides its role in protein synthesis, l-serine is a potent neurotrophic factor and a precursor of a number of essential compounds including phosphatidylserine, sphingomyelin, glycine, and d-serine. Serine biosynthesis defects result from impairments of PGDH, PSAT, or PSP leading to systemic serine deficiency. Serine biosynthesis defects present in a broad phenotypic spectrum that includes, at the severe end, Neu-Laxova syndrome, a lethal multiple congenital anomaly disease, intermediately, infantile serine biosynthesis defects with severe neurological manifestations and growth deficiency, and at the mild end, the childhood disease with intellectual disability. A serine transport defect resulting from deficiency of the ASCT1, the main transporter for serine in the central nervous system, has been recently described in children with neurological manifestations that overlap with those observed in serine biosynthesis defects. l-serine therapy may be beneficial in preventing or ameliorating symptoms in serine biosynthesis and transport defects, if started before neurological damage occurs. Herein, we review serine metabolism and transport, the clinical, biochemical, and molecular aspects of serine biosynthesis and transport defects, the mechanisms of these diseases, and the potential role of serine therapy. PMID:27161889

  14. DEFECTS SIMULATION OF ROLLING STRIP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rudolf Mišičko

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available The defects in the continuous casting slabs can be developed or kept down in principle by rolling technology, especially depend to sort, size and distribution of primary defects, as well as used of rolling parameters. Scope of the article is on observation behavior artificial surface and undersurface defects (scores without filler (surface defects and filling by oxides and casting powder (subsurface defects. First phase of hot rolling process have been done by software simulation DEFORM 3D setting to the limited condition for samples with surface defects. Samples of material with low-carbon steel of sizes h x b x l have been chosen and the surface defects shape „U” and „V” of scores have been injected artificially by software. The process of rolling have been simulated on the deformation temperatures 1200°C and 900°C, whereas on the both of this deformation temperatures have been applied amount of deformation 10 and 50 %. With respect to the process of computer simulation, it is not possible to truthful real oxidation condition (physical – chemical process during heat of metal, in the second phase of our investigation have been observed influence of oxides and casting powders inside the scores for a defect behavior in plastic deformation process (hot and cold rolling process in laboratory condition. The basic material was STN steel class 11 375, cladding material was steel on the bases C-Mn-Nb-V. Scores have been filled by scales to get from the heating temperatures (1100°C a 1250°C, varied types of casting powders, if you like mixture of scale and casting powders in the rate 1:4. The joint of the basic and cladding material have been done by peripheral welded joint. Experiment results from both phases are pointed on the evolution of original typology defects in rolling process.

  15. Dynamic control of defective gap mode through defect location

    CERN Document Server

    Chang, Lei; Wu, Yun; Wang, Weimin; Song, Huimin

    2015-01-01

    A 1D model is developed for defective gap mode (DGM) with two types of boundary conditions: conducting mesh and conducting sleeve. For a periodically modulated system without defect, the normalized width of spectral gaps equals to the modulation factor, which is consistent with previous studies. For a periodic system with local defects introduced by the boundary conditions, it shows that the conducting-mesh-induced DGM is always well confined by spectral gaps while the conducting-sleeve-induced DGM is not. The defect location can be a useful tool to dynamically control the frequency and spatial periodicity of DGM inside spectral gaps. This controllability can be applied to optical microcavities and waveguides in photonic crystals and the interaction between gap eigenmodes and energetic particles in fusion plasmas.

  16. 阴囊纵隔翼型皮瓣修复包皮环切术后隐匿型阴茎皮肤短缺%THE WING-LIKED SKIN FLAP WITH SCROTAL SEPTAL VASCULAR PEDICLE IN THE TREATMENT OF CONCEALED PENIS AFTER CIRCUMCISION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈辉; 刘凡

    2001-01-01

    目的:用阴囊纵隔翼型皮瓣修复包皮环切术后患者的隐匿型阴茎皮肤短缺。方法:对3例包皮环切术后隐匿型阴茎皮肤不足的病人,用阴囊纵隔翼型皮瓣修复。结果:3例均荻成功,术后即获得立竿见影的良好效果。随访6个月~12个月,阴茎外形满意,发育良好。结论:用该皮瓣修复包皮环切术后隐匿型阴茎皮肤短缺具有血供良好,取材方便、结构相似,外形良好的优点。%Objective: To develop a method for repairing of skin defect of concealed penis after circumcision. Methods:The wing-liked skin flap with scrotal septal vascular pedicle was designed and applied to 3 patients with skin defect of concealed penis after circumcision. Results: All operations were successful. During a follow-up period of 6~12 months, both the shape and development of phalluses were satisfactory. Conclusion: The repair of skin defect of concealed penis after circumcision by this way is one of the best choices. This method had some merits such as the tissue flap has good blood supply,it is easy to elevate, and penis has good appearance following correction.

  17. Self healing of defected graphene

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    For electronics applications, defects in graphene are usually undesirable because of their ability to scatter charge carriers, thereby reduce the carrier mobility. It would be extremely useful if the damage can be repaired. In this work, we employ Raman spectroscopy, X-ray photoemission spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy, and electrical measurements to study defects in graphene introduced by argon plasma bombardment. We have found that majority of these defects can be cured by a simple thermal annealing process. The self-healing is attributed to recombination of mobile carbon adatoms with vacancies. With increasing level of plasma induced damage, the self-healing becomes less effective.

  18. Folic acid and birth defect prevention

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... of certain birth defects. These include spina bifida, anencephaly, and some heart defects. Experts recommend women who ... Women who have had a baby with a neural tube defect may need a higher dose of folic acid. ...

  19. En bloc aortic and mitral valve replacement and left ventricular outflow tract enlargement using a combined transaortic and trans-septal atrial approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hassan, Mohammed; Windsor, Jimmy; Ricci, Marco

    2015-12-01

    Aortic and mitral valve replacement with division and reconstruction of the inter-valvular fibrous body has been described in clinical situations involving infective endocarditis, extensive annular calcifications and diminutive valve annuli. Herein, we describe a combined transaortic and trans-septal approach with division of the inter-valvular fibrosa for combined aortic and mitral valve replacement. The reconstruction of the inter-valvular fibrous body, atrial walls and aortic root was carried out using a 'three-patch' technique with bovine pericardium. PMID:26409564

  20. Alcohol septal ablation and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy%酒精室间隔消融术与肥厚型心肌病

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Carey Kimmelstiel; Barath Krishnamurthy; Andrew Weintraub; Navin Kapur; 王新国

    2009-01-01

    Patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy who experience refractory symptoms due to left ventricular outflow tract obstruction are often referred for definitive therapy consisting of either surgical myectomy or alcohol septal ablation ( ASA). There currently exists clinical equipoise regarding which therapy is the most efficacious in this challenging patient population. ASA utilizes common interventional techniques usually employed to treat atherosclerotic coronary artery disease to inject small aliquots of ethanol into a branch of the appropriate septal vessel to cause necrosis of the obstructing basal septal tissue. Myocardial contrast echocardiography is used to facilitate location of the most appropriate septal branch with success determined by an acute reduction in the resting and/or provoked gradient. Recent comparative data have suggested similar rates of long and short-term mortality in when comparing patients undergoing ASA and surgical myectomy, with ASA patients experiencing a higher rate of requirement for permanent pacemakers. In addition, patients treated by both techniques appear to have similar gradient reductions and improvement in symptomatic status. Comparisons of these two methods of treatment are limited by the non-randomized nature of the studies, retrospective data collection and the allocation of higher-risk patients to ASA treatment. Concern for the wide-spread adoption of ASA to drug-resistant HCM patients is warranted due to the potential for arrhythmogenesis is a patient population already at risk for life-threatening arrhythmias. There have been case reports of such arrhythmias, however, clinical series to date have not suggested an enhanced risk of sudden cardiac death in patients treated with ASA. Definitive answers concerning which patient subsets with drug-refractory hypertrophic cardiomyopathy would benefit from the two competing therapies can only be answered by a randomized clinical trial. However, for a variety of clinical and

  1. Congenital Heart Defects (For Parents)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... defect often appear bluish. Total Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Connection The pulmonary veins normally are the blood vessels ... a long, thin tube called a catheter is threaded through blood vessels in the navel (in a ...

  2. Ordered and Disordered Defect Chaos

    CERN Document Server

    Granzow, G D; Granzow, Glen D.; Riecke, Hermann

    1997-01-01

    Defect-chaos is studied numerically in coupled Ginzburg-Landau equations for parametrically driven waves. The motion of the defects is traced in detail yielding their life-times, annihilation partners, and distances traveled. In a regime in which in the one-dimensional case the chaotic dynamics is due to double phase slips, the two-dimensional system exhibits a strongly ordered stripe pattern. When the parity-breaking instability to traveling waves is approached this order vanishes and the correlation function decays rapidly. In the ordered regime the defects have a typical life-time, whereas in the disordered regime the life-time distribution is exponential. The probability of large defect loops is substantially larger in the disordered regime.

  3. Birth Defects Data and Statistics

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... About Us Information For... Media Policy Makers Data & Statistics Language: English Español (Spanish) Recommend on Facebook Tweet ... and critical. Read below for the latest national statistics on the occurrence of birth defects in the ...

  4. Nucleation of point defect agglomerates

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A theory of the agglomeration of point defects into dislocation loops and voids is formulated. A critical comparison between theory and experiment is made for nickel and copper irradiated in a high voltage electron microscope

  5. Defects in semiconductors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this thesis, experimental results of the transition metals Ti, V, Nb, Mo, and W as impurity centres in silicon are presented. Transition metal doping was accomplished by ion implantation. Emphasis is put on energy level position, electrical and optical properties of the encountered defect levels. Junction space charge methods (JSCM) such as DLTS, photocapacitance and photocurrent techniques are employed. Three energy levels are found for the 3d-transition metals Ti(Ec-0.06eV, Ec-0.30eV, Ev+0.26) and V(Ec-0.21eV, Ec-0,48e, Ev+0.36eV), and for the 4d-element Nb(Ec-0.29eV, Ec-0.58eV, Ev+0.163eV) in Silicon, whereas only one transition metal induced level is found for Mo(Ev+0.30eV) and W(Ev+0.38eV) respectively. Electrical and optical characteristics of Si1-xGex,0.77cm-2. The solvent Bi, used in the LPE-process, is found to be the dominant impurity element. Furthermore, liquid phase epitaxy of high purity In0.53Ga0.57As on InP, together with the properties of the Cu-induced acceptor in this material are examined. Free electron concentrations of n=5x1014cm-3 and electron Hall-mobilities of μ77K = 44000 cm2/Vs are achieved. The energy level position of the Cu-acceptor is found to be Ev+0.025eV. Photoluminescence and Hall-effect measurements, together with JSCM are the main characterization methods used. The band linups of In0.53Ga0.47As with GaAs and with InP are determined according to the Cu-acceptor energy level position in these materials. Additionally, the hydrostatic pressure dependence of the Cu-acceptor energy level position in In0.53Ga0.47As is examined. (103 refs.)

  6. Defying birth defects through diet?

    OpenAIRE

    Crider, Krista S.; Lynn B. Bailey

    2011-01-01

    The risk of certain birth defects can be modified by maternal diet. A high-fat maternal mouse diet has recently been reported to substantially increase the penetrance of birth defects known to be associated with a deficiency of transcription factor Cited2 as well as induce cleft palate. These effects were associated with a more than twofold reduction in embryonic expression of Pitx2c. This investigation suggests the need to further explore this provocative gene-diet interaction in human studies.

  7. Lattice defects in lithium tantalate

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lithium tantalate single crystals are used for piezoelectric devices. The lattice defects of this structure and their possible role on piezoelectric performances are investigated. Synthetic crystals are grown by a Czochralski process. To get homogeneous material it is necessary to start from a non-equimolar mixture of Li2O and Ta2O5 powders leading to a congruent melt. The resulting crystals are non-stoichiometric with an atomic ratio [Li]/[Li + Ta] ∼ 48%, and this induces a first kind of lattice defects: the point defects associated to this non-stoichiometry. When cooled down from high temperature, LiTaO3 suffers a second-order phase transition from a paraelectric phase R3-barc to a ferroelectric phase R3c which is the stable phase at room temperature. A second kind of lattice defects (ferroelectric domains) is generally nucleated at the transition. These defects constitute a poison for piezoelectric applications because the polarization vector c is reversed. One can in principle prevent their occurrence by a poling process (cooling under a static electric field). Dislocations and twins are other as-grown lattice defects; they can also be introduced by the usual machining processes (sawing, grinding ...). Furthermore because of the very high values of the piezoelectric constants, the stress field of the dislocations can induce ferroelectric domains around them, even at room temperature, and such domains cannot be removed by poling. The experimental techniques used are infrared spectroscopy and differential scanning calorimetry for the characterization of point defects and non-stoichiometry; chemical etching and transmission electron microscopy for the characterization of dislocations and twins. As-grown defects are studied and the ones introduced by machining; these latter ones are simulated by scratching and by plastic deformation under confining pressure. A few constant strain rate tests are also performed in the temperature range 20 to 700 0C. The subsequent

  8. The Escherichia coli cell division protein and model Tat substrate SufI (FtsP) localizes to the septal ring and has a multicopper oxidase-like structure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tarry, Michael; Arends, S J Ryan; Roversi, Pietro; Piette, Evan; Sargent, Frank; Berks, Ben C; Weiss, David S; Lea, Susan M

    2009-02-20

    The Escherichia coli protein SufI (FtsP) has recently been proposed to be a component of the cell division apparatus. The SufI protein is also in widespread experimental use as a model substrate in studies of the Tat (twin arginine translocation) protein transport system. We have used SufI-GFP (green fluorescent protein) fusions to show that SufI localizes to the septal ring in the dividing cell. We have also determined the structure of SufI by X-ray crystallography to a resolution of 1.9 A. SufI is structurally related to the multicopper oxidase superfamily but lacks metal cofactors. The structure of SufI suggests it serves a scaffolding rather than an enzymatic role in the septal ring and reveals regions of the protein likely to be involved in the protein-protein interactions required to assemble SufI at the septal ring. PMID:19135451

  9. Topological Defects from the Multiverse

    CERN Document Server

    Zhang, Jun; Garriga, Jaume; Vilenkin, Alexander

    2015-01-01

    Many theories of the early universe predict the existence of a multiverse where bubbles continuously nucleate giving rise to observers in their interior. In this paper, we point out that topological defects of several dimensionalities will also be produced in de Sitter like regions of the multiverse. In particular, defects could be spontaneously nucleated in our parent vacuum. We study the evolution of these defects as they collide with and propagate inside of our bubble. We estimate the present distribution of defects in the observable part of the universe. The expected number of such nearby defects turns out to be quite small, even for the highest nucleation rate. We also study collisions of strings and domain walls with our bubble in our past light cone. We obtain simulated full-sky maps of the loci of such collisions, and find their angular size distribution. Similarly to what happens in the case of bubble collisions, the prospect of detecting any collisions of our bubble with ambient defects is greatly e...

  10. Electrical fingerprint of pipeline defects

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mica, Isabella [STMicroelectronics Srl, via C.Olivetti 2, 20041 Agrate Brianza (Italy)]. E-mail: isabella.mica@st.com; Polignano, Maria Luisa [STMicroelectronics Srl, via C.Olivetti 2, 20041 Agrate Brianza (Italy); Marco, Cinzia De [STMicroelectronics Srl, via C.Olivetti 2, 20041 Agrate Brianza (Italy)

    2004-12-15

    Pipeline defects are dislocations that connect the source region of the transistor with the drain region. They were widely reported to occur in CMOS, BiCMOS devices and recently in SOI technologies. They can reduce device yield either by affecting the devices functionality or by increasing the current consumption under stand-by conditions. In this work the electrical fingerprint of these dislocations is studied, its purpose is to enable us to identify these defects as the ones responsible for device failure. It is shown that the pipeline defects are responsible for a leakage current from source to drain in the transistors. This leakage has a resistive characteristic and it is lightly modulated by the body bias. It is not sensitive to temperature; vice versa the off-current of a good transistor exhibits the well-known exponential dependence on 1/T. The emission spectrum of these defects was studied and compared with the spectrum of a good transistor. The paper aims to show that the spectrum of a defective transistor is quite peculiar; it shows well defined peaks, whereas the spectrum of a good transistor under saturation conditions is characterized by a broad spectral light emission distribution. Finally the deep-level transient spectroscopy (DLTS) is tried on defective diodes.

  11. Topological defects from the multiverse

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhang, Jun [Institute of Cosmology, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Tufts University, Medford, MA 02155 (United States); Blanco-Pillado, Jose J. [Department of Theoretical Physics, University of the Basque Country UPV/EHU, 48080 Bilbao (Spain); IKERBASQUE, Basque Foundation for Science, 48013, Bilbao (Spain); Garriga, Jaume [Departament de Fisica Fonamental i Institut de Ciencies del Cosmos, Universitat de Barcelona, Marti i Franques, 1, 08028, Barcelona (Spain); Vilenkin, Alexander [Institute of Cosmology, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Tufts University, Medford, MA 02155 (United States)

    2015-05-28

    Many theories of the early universe predict the existence of a multiverse where bubbles continuously nucleate giving rise to observers in their interior. In this paper, we point out that topological defects of several dimensionalities will also be produced in de Sitter like regions of the multiverse. In particular, defects could be spontaneously nucleated in our parent vacuum. We study the evolution of these defects as they collide with and propagate inside of our bubble. We estimate the present distribution of defects in the observable part of the universe. The expected number of such nearby defects turns out to be quite small, even for the highest nucleation rate. We also study collisions of strings and domain walls with our bubble in our past light cone. We obtain simulated full-sky maps of the loci of such collisions, and find their angular size distribution. Similarly to what happens in the case of bubble collisions, the prospect of detecting any collisions of our bubble with ambient defects is greatly enhanced in the case where the cosmological constant of our parent vacuum is much higher than the vacuum energy density during inflation in our bubble.

  12. Embryonic Ethanol Exposure Dysregulates BMP and Notch Signaling, Leading to Persistent Atrio-Ventricular Valve Defects in Zebrafish.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sarmah, Swapnalee; Muralidharan, Pooja; Marrs, James A

    2016-01-01

    Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD), birth defects associated with ethanol exposure in utero, includes a wide spectrum of congenital heart defects (CHDs), the most prevalent of which are septal and conotruncal defects. Zebrafish FASD model was used to dissect the mechanisms underlying FASD-associated CHDs. Embryonic ethanol exposure (3-24 hours post fertilization) led to defects in atrio-ventricular (AV) valvulogenesis beginning around 37 hpf, a morphogenetic event that arises long after ethanol withdrawal. Valve leaflets of the control embryos comprised two layers of cells confined at the compact atrio-ventricular canal (AVC). Ethanol treated embryos had extended AVC and valve forming cells were found either as rows of cells spanning the AVC or as unorganized clusters near the AV boundary. Ethanol exposure reduced valve precursors at the AVC, but some ventricular cells in ethanol treated embryos exhibited few characteristics of valve precursors. Late staged larvae and juvenile fish exposed to ethanol during embryonic development had faulty AV valves. Examination of AVC morphogenesis regulatory networks revealed that early ethanol exposure disrupted the Bmp signaling gradient in the heart during valve formation. Bmp signaling was prominent at the AVC in controls, but ethanol-exposed embryos displayed active Bmp signaling throughout the ventricle. Ethanol exposure also led to mislocalization of Notch signaling cells in endocardium during AV valve formation. Normally, highly active Notch signaling cells were organized at the AVC. In ethanol-exposed embryos, highly active Notch signaling cells were dispersed throughout the ventricle. At later stages, ethanol-exposed embryos exhibited reduced Wnt/β-catenin activity at the AVC. We conclude that early embryonic ethanol exposure alters Bmp, Notch and other signaling activities during AVC differentiation leading to faulty valve morphogenesis and valve defects persist in juvenile fish. PMID:27556898

  13. Over-expression of DSCAM and COL6A2 cooperatively generates congenital heart defects.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tamar R Grossman

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available A significant current challenge in human genetics is the identification of interacting genetic loci mediating complex polygenic disorders. One of the best characterized polygenic diseases is Down syndrome (DS, which results from an extra copy of part or all of chromosome 21. A short interval near the distal tip of chromosome 21 contributes to congenital heart defects (CHD, and a variety of indirect genetic evidence suggests that multiple candidate genes in this region may contribute to this phenotype. We devised a tiered genetic approach to identify interacting CHD candidate genes. We first used the well vetted Drosophila heart as an assay to identify interacting CHD candidate genes by expressing them alone and in all possible pairwise combinations and testing for effects on rhythmicity or heart failure following stress. This comprehensive analysis identified DSCAM and COL6A2 as the most strongly interacting pair of genes. We then over-expressed these two genes alone or in combination in the mouse heart. While over-expression of either gene alone did not affect viability and had little or no effect on heart physiology or morphology, co-expression of the two genes resulted in ≈50% mortality and severe physiological and morphological defects, including atrial septal defects and cardiac hypertrophy. Cooperative interactions between DSCAM and COL6A2 were also observed in the H9C2 cardiac cell line and transcriptional analysis of this interaction points to genes involved in adhesion and cardiac hypertrophy. Our success in defining a cooperative interaction between DSCAM and COL6A2 suggests that the multi-tiered genetic approach we have taken involving human mapping data, comprehensive combinatorial screening in Drosophila, and validation in vivo in mice and in mammalian cells lines should be applicable to identifying specific loci mediating a broad variety of other polygenic disorders.

  14. Defects formation and wave emitting from defects in excitable media

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ma, Jun; Xu, Ying; Tang, Jun; Wang, Chunni

    2016-05-01

    Abnormal electrical activities in neuronal system could be associated with some neuronal diseases. Indeed, external forcing can cause breakdown even collapse in nervous system under appropriate condition. The excitable media sometimes could be described by neuronal network with different topologies. The collective behaviors of neurons can show complex spatiotemporal dynamical properties and spatial distribution for electrical activities due to self-organization even from the regulating from central nervous system. Defects in the nervous system can emit continuous waves or pulses, and pacemaker-like source is generated to perturb the normal signal propagation in nervous system. How these defects are developed? In this paper, a network of neurons is designed in two-dimensional square array with nearest-neighbor connection type; the formation mechanism of defects is investigated by detecting the wave propagation induced by external forcing. It is found that defects could be induced under external periodical forcing under the boundary, and then the wave emitted from the defects can keep balance with the waves excited from external forcing.

  15. Remodelamento do ventrículo esquerdo pela técnica da endoventriculoplastia com exclusão septal: experiência inicial Endoventricular circular patch plasty with septal exclusion: initial experience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rui Manuel Sequeira de ALMEIDA

    2000-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Neste trabalho apresentam-se os resultados iniciais do tratamento cirúrgico de aneurismas anteriores do ventrículo esquerdo (Aneu VE, pela técnica de Dor, endoventriculoplastia circular, com exclusão septal, baseada nos conceitos de Hutchins & Bulkley, da geometria do VE e da sua reconstrução geométrica, e nos da operação da redução circular de Jatene. CASUÍSTICA E MÉTODO: No período de abril a outubro de 1999, foram realizados 6 procedimentos para a correção de Aneu VE, com a técnica de Dor. O tempo entre o infarto de parede anterior e a operação variou de 8 dias a 10 meses, sendo que 3 pacientes se encontravam na classe III, 2 na classe IV e 1 na classe I da NYHA. Quatro pacientes eram do sexo masculino e a idade média do grupo era de 58,3 anos. No estudo hemodinâmico pré-operatório, a fração de ejeção global variou de 27 a 46% (média de 37,2%, o volume sistólico final de VE de 64,4 a 135,3 ml (média de 107,9 ml e o volume diastólico final de VE de 132,9 a 236,4 ml (média de 183,8 ml. A operação foi associada à retirada de trombos do VE em 3 casos, a revascularização coronária concomitante em 5 casos, com o uso de 10 enxertos venosos e 3 arteriais (2,2 enxertos/paciente e uma endarterectomia. A parede anterior foi revascularizada em 9 casos e as paredes, lateral e inferior, em 2 cada. Os tempos médios de pinçamento aórtico e circulação extracorpórea foram, respectivamente, 44 e 110 minutos. RESULTADOS: O tempo médio de permanência hospitalar pós-operatória foi de 7,7 dias. Os pacientes foram seguidos de 5 a 31 semanas, sendo que todos se encontram na classe funcional I; em 3 casos o cateterismo cardíaco foi realizado e nos outros 3, um ecocardiograma bidimensional, para avaliação da fração de ejeção global, que variou de 42,5 a 60% (média de 49,4%, com melhora de 32,8% em relação à inicial. CONCLUSÃO: Diante destes resultados, pode-se considerar que esta seja mais uma t

  16. Defect solitons supported by parity-time symmetric defects in superlattices

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hu Su-Mei; Hu Wei

    2013-01-01

    The existence and stability of defect solitons supported by parity-time (PT) symmetric defects in supedattices are investigated.In the semi-infinite gap,in-phase solitons are found to exist stably for positive defects,zero defects,and negative defects.In the first gap,out-of-phase solitons are stable for positive defects or zero defects,whereas in-phase solitons are stable for negative defects.For both the in-phase and out-of-phase solitons with the positive defect and inphase solitons with negative defect in the first gap,there exists a cutoff point of the propagation constant below which the defect solitons vanish.The value of the cutoff point depends on the depth of defect and the imaginary parts of the PT symmetric defect potentials.The influence of the imaginary part of the PT symmetric defect potentials on soliton stability is revealed.

  17. Dual approaches for defects condensation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text. Due to the fact that the QCD running coupling constant becomes larger as we go into the low energy (or large distance) limit of the theory, a perturbative treatment of its infrared (IR) region is impossible. In particular, a formal mathematical demonstration of color confinement and a complete physical understanding of the exact mechanism that confines quarks and gluons are two missing points in our current knowledge of the IR-QCD. It was known that due to the Meissner effect of expulsion of magnetic fields in a electric condensate that usual superconductors should confine magnetic monopoles. That point led to the conjecture that the QCD vacuum could be a condensate of chromomagnetic monopoles, a dual superconductor (DSC). Such a chromomagnetic condensate should be responsible for the dual Meissner effect which is expected to lead to the confinement of color charges immersed in this medium. In dual superconductor models of color confinement, magnetic monopoles appear as topological defects in points of the space where the abelian projection becomes singular. Also, condensation of other kinds of defects such as vortices in superfluids and line-like defects in solids are responsible for a great variety of phase transitions, which once more proves the relevance of the subject. In the present work we review two methods that allow us to approach the condensation of defects: the Kleinert Mechanism (KM) and the Julia-Toulouse Mechanism (JTM). We show that in the limit where the vortex gauge field goes to zero, which we identify as the signature of the condensation of defects in the dual picture, these are two equivalent dual prescriptions for obtaining an effective theory for a phase where defects are condensed, starting from the fundamental theory defined in the normal phase where defects are diluted. (author)

  18. Mental retardation, congenital heart defect, cleft palate, short stature, and facial anomalies: A new X-linked multiple congenital anomalies/mental retardation syndrome: Clinical description and molecular studies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hamel, B.C.J.; Mariman, E.C.M.; Beersum, S.E.C. van; Ropers, H.H. [University Hospital, Nijmegen (Netherlands); Schoonbrood-Lenssen, A.M.J. [Institute for the Mentally Retarded, Echt (Netherlands)

    1994-07-15

    We report on two brothers and their two maternal uncles with severe mental retardation, congenital heart defect, cleft or highly arched palate, short stature and craniofacial anomalies consisting of microcephaly, abnormal ears, bulbous nose, broad nasal bridge, malar hypoplasia, and micro-gnathia. Three of the four patients died at an early age. The mother of the two brothers had an atrial septal defect. She is assumed to be manifesting carrier of a mutant gene, which is expressed in her two sons and two brothers. By multipoint linkage analysis it is found that the most likely location of the responsible gene is the pericentromeric region Xp21.3-q21.3 with DMD and DXS3 as flanking markers. Maximum information is obtained with marker DXS453 (Z = 1.20 at {theta} = 0.0). 24 refs., 12 figs., 1 tab.

  19. Stoichiometric Defects in Silicon Carbide

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Defect structures showing odd-membered rings are known features of several tetrahedral semiconductors as well as carbon nano-structures; examples of them are bond defects in crystalline and amorphous silicon, Stone Wales defects in fullerenes and carbon nano-tubes, and the core structure of partial dislocations in some tetrahedral semiconductors. We investigate, using Density Functional Theory, two types of stoichiometry-conserving defects, which we call SCD and anti-SCD and which are metastable structures presenting five- and seven-membered rings, both in the cubic and in the hexagonal 4H-SiC polytypes. We also investigate the annealing properties of the two mentioned variants and find that one of them (SCD) easily disappears, turning back to a normal site, while the other (anti-SCD) transforms to an antisite pair, overcoming a barrier of 0. 21 eV. The very short lifetimes at ambient conditions explain why those defects have not been observed up to now, but they suggest they should be observable at very low temperature, and we provide local vibrational modes to facilitate their identification. (authors)

  20. Defects in conformal field theory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Billò, Marco; Gonçalves, Vasco; Lauria, Edoardo; Meineri, Marco

    2016-04-01

    We discuss consequences of the breaking of conformal symmetry by a flat or spherical extended operator. We adapt the embedding formalism to the study of correlation functions of symmetric traceless tensors in the presence of the defect. Two-point functions of a bulk and a defect primary are fixed by conformal invariance up to a set of OPE coefficients, and we identify the allowed tensor structures. A correlator of two bulk primaries depends on two cross-ratios, and we study its conformal block decomposition in the case of external scalars. The Casimir equation in the defect channel reduces to a hypergeometric equation, while the bulk channel blocks are recursively determined in the light-cone limit. In the special case of a defect of codimension two, we map the Casimir equation in the bulk channel to the one of a four-point function without defect. Finally, we analyze the contact terms of the stress-tensor with the extended operator, and we deduce constraints on the CFT data. In two dimensions, we relate the displacement operator, which appears among the contact terms, to the reflection coefficient of a conformal interface, and we find unitarity bounds for the latter.