WorldWideScience

Sample records for anorganickych soli ako

  1. SOLIS/VSM Polar Magnetic Field Data

    CERN Document Server

    Bertello, Luca

    2015-01-01

    The Vector Spectromagnetograph (VSM) instrument on the Synoptic Optical Long-term Investigations of the Sun (SOLIS) telescope is designed to obtain high-quality magnetic field observations in both the photosphere and chromosphere by measuring the Zeeman-induced polarization of spectral lines. With 1$^{\\prime \\prime}$ spatial resolution (1.14$^{\\prime \\prime}$ before 2010) and 0.05\\AA\\ spectral resolution, the VSM provides, among other products, chromospheric full-disk magnetograms using the CaII 854.2 nm spectral line and both photospheric full-disk vector and longitudinal magnetograms using the FeI 630.15 nm line. Here we describe the procedure used to compute daily weighted averages of the photospheric radial polar magnetic field at different latitude bands from SOLIS/VSM longitudinal full-disk observations. Time series of these measurements are publicly available from the SOLIS website at http://solis.nso.edu/0/vsm/vsm\\_plrfield.html. Future plans include the calculation of the mean polar field strength fr...

  2. Inversions of High-Cadence SOLIS-VSM Stokes Observations

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Fischer, C.E.; Keller, C.U.; Snik, F.

    2008-01-01

    We have processed full-Stokes observations made with the SOLIS-VSM using Fe I 630.15 and Fe I 630.25 nm. The data have high spectral and temporal resolution, moderate spatial resolution, and large polarimetric sensitivity and accuracy. We use the code LILIA, an LTE inversion code written by Socas-Na

  3. 7. juunil kaitses Tallinna Ülikoolis oma doktoritööd Ako Sauga

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Ako Sauga doktoritöö teema oli "Influence of environmental fluctuations on dynamics of non-linear systems" (pealkiri eesti keeles : "Keskkonnaparameetrite fluktuatsioonide mõju mittelineaarsete süsteemide dünaamikale")

  4. Image Quality of SOLIS/VSM in Helium vs. Nitrogen

    OpenAIRE

    Harvey, J. W.

    2014-01-01

    The National Solar Observatory (NSO) Synoptic Optical Long-term Investigations of the Sun (SOLIS) Vector SpectroMagnetograph (VSM) is sealed and was designed to be filled with helium at slightly above ambient pressure. After 11 years of operation filled with helium, an acute shortage of helium prompted a test using nitrogen as the fill gas. Four months of nitrogen-filled observations in 2014 are compared the same months in 2013 with helium fill. On average, the image sharpness is slightly deg...

  5. Camera Gap Removal in SOLIS/VSM Images

    CERN Document Server

    Marble, Andrew R; Pevtsov, Alexei A

    2013-01-01

    The Vector Spectromagnetograph (VSM) instrument on the Synoptic Optical Longterm Investigations of the Sun (SOLIS) telescope is capable of obtaining spectropolarimetry for the full Sun (or a select latitudinal range) with one arcsecond spatial resolution and 0.05 Angstrom spectral resolution. This is achieved by scanning the Sun in declination and building up spectral cubes for multiple polarization states, utilizing a beamsplitter and two separate 2k x 2k CCD cameras. As a result, the eastern and western hemispheres of the Sun are separated in preliminary VSM images by a vertical gap with soft edges and variable position and width. Prior to the comprehensive analysis presented in this document, a trial-and-error approach to removing the gap had yielded an algorithm that was inconsistent, undocumented, and responsible for incorrectly eliminating too many image columns. Here we describe, in detail, the basis for a new, streamlined, and properly calibrated prescription for locating and removing the gap that is ...

  6. Current Status of the SOLIS Program: Improved and New Data Products

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bertello, Luca; Britanik, John; Callahan, Lorraine; Gosain, Sanjay; Harker, Brian; Harvey, J. W.; Hughes, A.; Marble, A.; Pevtsov, Alexei A.; Wentzel, Thomas

    2016-05-01

    Over the past year the Synoptic Optical Long-term Investigations of the Sun (SOLIS) team has made significant improvements to the data products provided to the solar and heliospheric community. In particular, a considerable effort has been dedicated to reprocess the archive of vector and longitudinal photospheric magnetograms, from 2003 to present, using the latest production code. This endeavor is now near completion and will assure that all derived magnetic products, such as synoptic maps and flux time series, are consistently calibrated. In addition, new products have been recently developed. For example, time series of daily averages of the Sun's polar magnetic field derived from full-disk photospheric FeI 630.15 nm longitudinal magnetograms are now available from the SOLIS website at solis.nso.edu/0/vsm/vsm_plrfield.html.New intensity calibration of high resolution Ca II K & H spectra from the Integrated Sunlight Spectrometer (ISS) led to significant reduction in daily variations of parameters derived from these spectra. The SOLIS team will soon also release Carrington synoptic maps for the three components of the photospheric magnetic field derived from vector measurements taken in the Fe I 630.15 nm spectral line. The addition, in late 2015, of a new Ca II 854.2 nm full-Stokes polarimeter into the SOLIS core program of magnetic observations will make available to the community daily chromospheric measurements of the complete Stokes polarization vector.We present here a summary of these improvements, with particular emphasis on the new products that can be accessed from the SOLIS data page at solis.nso.edu/0/solis_data.html. For a description of the diagnostic capability of the new Ca II 854.2 nm spectro-polarimeter and preliminary results we refer to other presentations by SOLIS team members at this meeting.This work utilizes SOLIS data obtained by the NSO Integrated Synoptic Program (NISP), managed by the National Solar Observatory, which is operated by the

  7. Salinimicrobium soli sp. nov., isolated from soil of reclaimed land.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Jong-Hwa; Yoon, Jung-Hoon; Kim, Wonyong

    2016-01-01

    A Gram-stain-negative, facultatively anaerobic, non-gliding, rod-shaped bacterial strain, designated CAU 1287T, was isolated from a soil sample of reclaimed land and its taxonomic position was investigated using a polyphasic approach. Strain CAU 1287T grew optimally at 30 °C, at pH 5.5 and in the presence of up to 2 % (w/v) NaCl. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strain CAU 1287T formed a distinct lineage within the genus Salinimicrobium and shared the highest 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity of 98.0 % with Salinimicrobium gaetbulicola KCTC 23579T. Similar to other species of the genus Salinimicrobium, menaquinone-6 (MK-6) was the only isoprenoid quinone and iso-C15:0 and anteiso-C15:0 were the major cellular fatty acid detected in strain CAU 1287T. The polar lipid pattern of strain CAU 1287T consisted of phosphatidylethanolamine and various unidentified lipids including three aminolipids, one aminophospholipid, one phosphoglycolipid, one glycolipid, and three lipids. The DNA G+C content of CAU 1287T was 43.4 mol%. On the basis of phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and phylogenetic data, strain CAU 1287T represents a novel species of the genus Salinimicrobium, for which the name Salinimicrobium soli sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is CAU 1287T ( = KCTC 32163T = CCUG 64794T). PMID:26541463

  8. Luteimonas soli sp. nov., isolated from farmland soil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Xiang; Yang, Hong-Xing; Zhang, Ying-Kun; Zhu, Shi-Jun; Liu, Xiao-Wei; Zhang, Hao; Zhang, Chen-Fei; Zhao, Chao-Ran; Hu, Gang; Hong, Qing

    2015-12-01

    A yellow-pigmented bacterial strain, designated Y2T, was isolated from farmland soil in Bengbu, Anhui province, China. Cells of strain Y2T were Gram-stain-negative, strictly aerobic, non-motile and rod-shaped. Strain Y2T grew optimally at pH 7.0, 30 °C and in the presence of 2 % (w/v) NaCl. The DNA G+C content was 68.9 mol%. The major fatty acids (>5 %) were iso-C15 : 0, iso-C17 : 0, summed feature 9 (C16 : 0 10-methyl and/or iso-C17 : 1ω9c), iso-C11 : 0 3-OH and iso-C11 : 0. The major respiratory quinone was ubiquinone-8 (Q-8), and the major polar lipids were phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol and diphosphatidylglycerol. Phylogenetic analysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain Y2T was most closely related to Luteimonas mephitis B1953/27.1T (99.1 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity), followed by Luteimonas lutimaris G3T (98.6 %), Luteimonas abyssi XH031T (96.2 %) and Luteimonas aquatica RIB1-20T (96.0 %). Strain Y2T exhibited low DNA-DNA relatedness with Luteimonas mephitis B1953/27.1T (43.6 ± 0.5 %) and Luteimonas lutimaris G3T (43.9 ± 2.1 %). On the basis of phenotypic, genotypic and phylogenetic evidence, strain Y2T represents a novel species of the genus Luteimonas, for which the name Luteimonas soli sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is Y2T ( = ACCC 19799T = KCTC 42441T). PMID:26437920

  9. Exome Enrichment and SOLiD Sequencing of Formalin Fixed Paraffin Embedded (FFPE) Prostate Cancer Tissue

    OpenAIRE

    Saskia Biskup; Detlef Boehm; Diana Boehm; Falko Fend; Martin Braun; Mario Deng; Roopika Menon; Sven Perner

    2012-01-01

    Next generation sequencing (NGS) technologies have revolutionized cancer research allowing the comprehensive study of cancer using high throughput deep sequencing methodologies. These methods detect genomic alterations, nucleotide substitutions, insertions, deletions and copy number alterations. SOLiD (Sequencing by Oligonucleotide Ligation and Detection, Life Technologies) is a promising technology generating billions of 50 bp sequencing reads. This robust technique, successfully applied in ...

  10. Vector magnetic field inversions of high cadence SOLIS-VSM data

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Fischer, C.E.; Keller, C.U.; Snik, F.

    2007-01-01

    We have processed full Stokes observations from the SOLIS VSM in the photospheric lines Fe I 630.15 nm and 630.25 nm. The data sets have high spectral and temporal resolution, moderate spatial resolution, and large polarimetric sensitivity and accuracy. We used the LILIA, an LTE code written by Soca

  11. Status of the Synoptic Optical Long-Term Investigations of the Sun (SOLIS) Facility

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harvey, J.; SOLIS Team

    2003-05-01

    SOLIS is a suite of three instruments and a data handling system designed to provide synoptic solar observations for at least two decades. The facility is now commencing initial operations at a temporary observing site in Tucson. After a period of simultaneous observations with the NSO/NASA Kitt Peak spectromagnetograph, SOLIS will be moved to Kitt Peak where it will replace that instrument and the 30-year-old Vacuum Telescope. The SOLIS Vector SpectroMagnetograph (VSM) is a compact, helium-filled, high-throughput, 50-cm aperture telescope and spectrograph that nominally scans the entire solar disk in 15 minutes. It provides the first full-disk photospheric vector magnetograms, high-sensitivity photospheric and chromospheric longitudinal magnetograms, and 1083 nm He I chromospheric spectral maps. The VSM is initially operating with interim cameras that are noisier and slower than originally planned. A 15 cm Full Disk Patrol (FDP) instrument provides full-disk filtergrams captured by 2k x 2k CCD cameras using either a 1083 nm or a tunable (380-660 nm) narrow-band filter. Until it is finished, the tunable filter is temporarily replaced by an H-alpha filter. The VSM and FDP are mounted on separate declination axes attached to a right ascension drive. This allows the FDP to be pointed at the sun center while the VSM scans the solar disk in the declination direction. The final instrument is an Integrated Sunlight Spectrometer (ISS). The ISS is a double-pass spectrograph that produces high-quality spectra for sun-as-a-star studies. It is located in a temperature-controlled room and fed by a fiber-optic image-scrambling system that is mounted on the FDP. Data from all of the instruments is collected by an on-site storage area network and preliminary reduction done by a collection of 14 Linux computers. Archival storage of the data is on LTO tapes and the data products are transmitted to Tucson via a 45 Mbs link where they are kept on line and web-available using a RAID 5

  12. Fine De Novo Sequencing of a Fungal Genome Using only SOLiD Short Read Data: Verification on Aspergillus oryzae RIB40

    OpenAIRE

    Myco Umemura; Yoshinori Koyama; Itaru Takeda; Hiroko Hagiwara; Tsutomu Ikegami; Hideaki Koike; Masayuki Machida

    2013-01-01

    The development of next-generation sequencing (NGS) technologies has dramatically increased the throughput, speed, and efficiency of genome sequencing. The short read data generated from NGS platforms, such as SOLiD and Illumina, are quite useful for mapping analysis. However, the SOLiD read data with lengths of

  13. Draft Genome Sequence of a Multidrug-Resistant blaNDM-1-Producing Acinetobacter soli Isolate in China

    OpenAIRE

    Chen, Yan; Yan, Zhengsong; Wang, Miaojuan; Zheng, Xia; Lu, Yun; Lin, Shaohua

    2014-01-01

    Acinetobacter spp. are one of the most prevalent opportunistic pathogens causing nosocomial infections and have become a major clinical and public health threat. In this study, we presented the first draft genome sequence of A. soli TCM341, a multidrug resistant isolate that carried the blaNDM-1 gene in China. Genome sequencing of A. soli TCM341 was carried out in Illumina Hiseq 2000 next-generation sequencer. The data obtained revealed 74 contigs with genome size of 3.49 Mb and G+C content o...

  14. Exome Enrichment and SOLiD Sequencing of Formalin Fixed Paraffin Embedded (FFPE Prostate Cancer Tissue

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saskia Biskup

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Next generation sequencing (NGS technologies have revolutionized cancer research allowing the comprehensive study of cancer using high throughput deep sequencing methodologies. These methods detect genomic alterations, nucleotide substitutions, insertions, deletions and copy number alterations. SOLiD (Sequencing by Oligonucleotide Ligation and Detection, Life Technologies is a promising technology generating billions of 50 bp sequencing reads. This robust technique, successfully applied in gene identification, might be helpful in detecting novel genes associated with cancer initiation and progression using formalin fixed paraffin embedded (FFPE tissue. This study’s aim was to compare the validity of whole exome sequencing of fresh-frozen vs. FFPE tumor tissue by normalization to normal prostatic FFPE tissue, obtained from the same patient. One primary fresh-frozen sample, corresponding FFPE prostate cancer sample and matched adjacent normal prostatic tissue was subjected to exome sequencing. The sequenced reads were mapped and compared. Our study was the first to show comparable exome sequencing results between FFPE and corresponding fresh-frozen cancer tissues using SOLiD sequencing. A prior study has been conducted comparing the validity of sequencing of FFPE vs. fresh frozen samples using other NGS platforms. Our validation further proves that FFPE material is a reliable source of material for whole exome sequencing.

  15. Zeemanfit: Use and Development of the solis_vms_zeemanfit code

    CERN Document Server

    Hughes, Anna L H; Marble, Andrew R; Pevtsov, Alexei A

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of the SOLIS Zeemanfit Code is to provide a straight-forward, easily checked measure of the total magnetic-field strength in the high-strength umbral regions of the solar disk. In the highest-strength regions, the Zeeman splitting of the 6302-angstrom Fe line becomes wide enough for the triplet nature of the line to be visible by eye in non-polarized light. Therefore, a three-line fit to the spectra should, in principle, provide a fairly robust measure of the total magnetic-field strength. The code uses the Level-1.5 spec-cube data of the SOLIS VSM 6302-vector observations (specifically the Stokes-I and Stokes-V components) to fit the line profiles at each appropriate pixel and calculate the magnetic-field-strength from the line-center separation of the two fit 6302.5 sigma-components. The 6301.5-angstrom Fe line is also present and fit in the VSM 6302-vector data, but it is an anomalous-Zeeman line with a weaker response to magnetic fields. Therefore, no magnetic- field measure is derived from th...

  16. Morphology of Wrinkle Ridges on Lunae and Solis Plana, Mars from MOLA Topography: Implications for Their Kinematic Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tate, A.; Golombek, M. P.; Mueller, K. J.

    2001-01-01

    Mars Orbiter Laser Altimeter (MOLA) topography is used to define the detailed morphology and kinematic development of martian wrinkle ridges on Lunae and Solis Plana. Changes in ridge morphology suggest they form as fault-propagation folds, often with significant backthrusts. Additional information is contained in the original extended abstract.

  17. SOLIS: reconciling disk-integrated and disk-resolved spectra from the Sun

    CERN Document Server

    Pevtsov, Alexei; Harker, Brian; Giampapa, Mark; Marble, Andrew

    2014-01-01

    Unlike other stars, the surface of the Sun can be spatially resolved to a high degree of detail. But the Sun can also be observed as if it was a distant star. The availability of solar disk-resolved and disk-integrated spectra offers an opportunity to devise methods to derive information about the spatial distribution of solar features from Sun-as-a-star measurements. Here, we present an update on work done at the National Solar Observatory to reconcile disk-integrated and disk-resolved solar spectra from the Synoptic Optical Long-term Investigation of the Sun (SOLIS) station. The results of this work will lead to a new approach to infer the information about the spatial distribution of features on other stars, from the overall filling factor of active regions to, possibly, the latitude/longitude distribution of features.

  18. Automatic Active-Region Identification and Azimuth Disambiguation of the SOLIS/VSM Full-Disk Vector Magnetograms

    CERN Document Server

    Georgoulis, M K; Henney, C J

    2007-01-01

    The Vector Spectromagnetograph (VSM) of the NSO's Synoptic Optical Long-Term Investigations of the Sun (SOLIS) facility is now operational and obtains the first-ever vector magnetic field measurements of the entire visible solar hemisphere. To fully exploit the unprecedented SOLIS/VSM data, however, one must first address two critical problems: first, the study of solar active regions requires an automatic, physically intuitive, technique for active-region identification in the solar disk. Second, use of active-region vector magnetograms requires removal of the azimuthal $180^o$-ambiguity in the orientation of the transverse magnetic field component. Here we report on an effort to address both problems simultaneously and efficiently. To identify solar active regions we apply an algorithm designed to locate complex, flux-balanced, magnetic structures with a dominant E-W orientation on the disk. Each of the disk portions corresponding to active regions is thereafter extracted and subjected to the Nonpotential M...

  19. Određivanje aktivnosti sukcinat-dehidrogenaze in situ u soju kvasca Saccharomyces cerevisiae reakcijom s plavom tetrazolijevom soli

    OpenAIRE

    Kregiel, Dorota; Berlowska, Joanna; Ambroziak, Wojciech

    2008-01-01

    U ovom je istraživanju razvijen spektrofotometrijski postupak određivanja aktivnosti sukcinat-dehidrogenaze u soju Saccharomyces cerevisiae osjetljivom na azid. Propusnost stanica kvasca za 0,05 %-tni digitonin omogućila je ispitivanje enzimske aktivnosti toga soja in situ. U prisutnosti fenazin-metosulfata (kao prijenosnika elektrona) i natrijeva azida (koji inhibira enzim citokrom-oksidazu) došlo je do redukcije plave tetrazolijeve soli u plavi tetrazolijev formazan. Optimirani su razni fak...

  20. Depth and Morphology of Wrinkle Ridge Detachments at Solis Planum, Mars

    Science.gov (United States)

    Colton, S. L.; Ferrill, D. A.; Smart, K. J.

    2005-12-01

    Wrinkle ridges -- long, linear to sinuous anticlines separated by relatively broad, flat synclinal valleys -- are a fundamental component of Martian geomorphology. The anticlinal crests show variable morphologies, but are often characterized by weak to strong asymmetry with variable vergence directions between adjacent ridges and along strike for any given ridge. Although wrinkle ridges are typically interpreted as contractional features, there is ongoing debate about their underlying structure and whether thrust faults penetrate to tens of kilometers of depth ("thick-skinned shortening") or sole into a detachment in the upper few kilometers of the Martian crust ("thin-skinned shortening"). Previous workers have estimated depth to the detachment horizon using a variety of methods including gravity inversion, geometry of crater-ridge intersections, mechanical modeling, and geometric modeling. Here we use a well-established terrestrial technique to calculate depth to the detachment horizon for wrinkle ridges in the Solis Planum region of Mars. We interpolate topographic profiles perpendicular to the regional trend of wrinkle ridges from Mars Orbiter Laser Altimeter (MOLA) Mission Experiment Gridded Data Record (MEGDR) altimetry data, set vertical reference lines on both sides of the ridge that define the limits of our measurement range, estimate the topographic surface prior to wrinkle ridge formation, and calculate the area uplifted above the original topographic surface. Dividing this excess area by the amount of shortening (the topographic profile length minus the length prior to deformation), provides depth to detachment. We calibrate the results with profiles from the less spatially-extensive but greater along-track density MOLA Precision Experiment Data Record (PEDR). Additional topographic and structural interpretation and analysis of wrinkle ridge morphology are conducted with Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC), Thermal Emission Imaging System (THEMIS), and High

  1. Leifsonia soli sp. nov., a yellow-pigmented actinobacterium isolated from teak rhizosphere soil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Madhaiyan, Munusamy; Poonguzhali, Selvaraj; Lee, Jung-Sook; Senthilkumar, Murugaiyan; Lee, Keun Chul; Sundaram, Subbiah

    2010-06-01

    Two yellow-pigmented, Gram-stain-positive, aerobic, motile, short rod-shaped bacteria were isolated from natural teak tree rhizosphere soil and their taxonomic positions were determined by using a polyphasic approach. Comparative 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis showed that strains TG-S248(T) and TG-S240 formed a distinct phyletic line within the genus Leifsonia. 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis of strain TG-S248(T) with sequences from Leifsonia shinshuensis DB 102(T), L. poae VKM Ac-1401(T), L. naganoensis DB 103(T), L. aquatica DSM 20146(T) and L. xyli subsp. cynodontis JCM 9733(T) revealed pairwise similarities ranging from 98.7 to 99.1 %. The major fatty acids were anteiso-C(15 : 0), anteiso-C(17 : 0) and iso-C(16 : 0). The G+C content of the DNA of the type strain was 69.4 mol%. DNA-DNA hybridization experiments revealed low levels of DNA-DNA relatedness (32 % or less) between strain TG-S248(T) and its closest relatives. Based on differences in phenotypic and genotypic characteristics, strain TG-S248(T) (=LMG 24767(T) =JCM 15679(T)) is designated the type strain of a novel species of the genus Leifsonia, for which the name Leifsonia soli sp. nov. is proposed. PMID:19667370

  2. Fine de novo sequencing of a fungal genome using only SOLiD short read data: verification on Aspergillus oryzae RIB40.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Myco Umemura

    Full Text Available The development of next-generation sequencing (NGS technologies has dramatically increased the throughput, speed, and efficiency of genome sequencing. The short read data generated from NGS platforms, such as SOLiD and Illumina, are quite useful for mapping analysis. However, the SOLiD read data with lengths of <60 bp have been considered to be too short for de novo genome sequencing. Here, to investigate whether de novo sequencing of fungal genomes is possible using only SOLiD short read sequence data, we performed de novo assembly of the Aspergillus oryzae RIB40 genome using only SOLiD read data of 50 bp generated from mate-paired libraries with 2.8- or 1.9-kb insert sizes. The assembled scaffolds showed an N50 value of 1.6 Mb, a 22-fold increase than those obtained using only SOLiD short read in other published reports. In addition, almost 99% of the reference genome was accurately aligned by the assembled scaffold fragments in long lengths. The sequences of secondary metabolite biosynthetic genes and clusters, whose products are of considerable interest in fungal studies due to their potential medicinal, agricultural, and cosmetic properties, were also highly reconstructed in the assembled scaffolds. Based on these findings, we concluded that de novo genome sequencing using only SOLiD short reads is feasible and practical for molecular biological study of fungi. We also investigated the effect of filtering low quality data, library insert size, and k-mer size on the assembly performance, and recommend for the assembly use of mild filtered read data where the N50 was not so degraded and the library has an insert size of ∼2.0 kb, and k-mer size 33.

  3. Axial Surface Mapping of Wrinkle Ridges on Solis Planum, Mars from MOLA Topography: Constraints on Subsurface Blind Thrust Geometry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vidal, A.; Mueller, K.; Golombek, M. P.

    2003-01-01

    We undertook axial surface mapping of selected wrinkle ridges on Solis Planum, Mars in order to assess the subsurface geometry of blind thrusts proposed to exist beneath them. This work builds on previous work that defined structural families of wrinkle ridges based on their surface morphology in this region. Although a growing consensus exists for models of wrinkle ridge kinematics and mechanics, a number of current problems remain. These include the origin of topographic offset across the edges of wrinkle ridges, the relationship between broad arches and superposed ridges, the origin of smaller wrinkles, and perhaps most importantly, the trajectory of blind thrusts that underlie wrinkle ridges and accommodate shortening at deeper crustal levels. We are particularly interested in defining the depths at which blind thrusts flatten under wrinkle ridges in order to provide constraints on the brittle-ductile transition during Early Hesperian time. We also seek to test whether wrinkle ridges on Solis Planum develop above reactivated faults or newly formed ones.

  4. Decoding the Hermetic Discourse in Salomon Trismosin's Splendor Solis - A Semiotic Study of Three Ways of Reading

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Peter Södergård

    1996-01-01

    Full Text Available Alchemy and the Hermetic Art are terms that denote a most interesting transitional space, circumscribing an opaque region of human cultural history, shared between matter and psyche, between phantasmagoric reveries and practical experiments, between sincere natural theology and conscious fraud. This is an area of human experience that has been notoriously difficult to define and understand, and which has triggered off contradictory interpretations that are, in their own, of semiotic interest. It has been said that a text — in our case Splendor Solis, and the Hermetic–alchemical texts at large — is a picnic, a Dutch party, in which the author provides the words and the reader, especially a reader with too much or too little erudition, comes up with the meaning of the words. In this article, the author tries to give an overview of the general interpretations of alchemy that have been put forward, and apply Umberto Eco's intentional approach to these interpretations, viz. consider them as various sorts of intentions. The author uses a pseudonymous alchemical tractate from the sixteenth century, Salomon Trismosin's treatise Splendor Solis as an opportunity to picture and evaluate the three main decodings of alchemy that have been attempted; a chemical, a religious—soteriological and a psychological. The author also explores the intertextual web in the Hermetic discourse, and see if its mapping can generate usable knowledge about what has, since the Middle Ages, been called alchemy: a term acknowledging the taking up of a science or art which had been cultivated by Muslim and Nestorian scholars, but with its fountain head in Late Antiquity.

  5. Two new species of dicyemid mesozoans (Dicyemida: Dicyemidae) from Octopus maya Voss & Solis-Ramirez (Octopodidae) off Yucatan, Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Castellanos-Martinez, Sheila; Aguirre-Macedo, M Leopoldina; Furuya, Hidetaka

    2016-07-01

    Two new dicyemid species are described from the endemic cephalopod Octopus maya Voss & Solis-Ramirez collected off Yucatan, Mexico. The renal sacs of 40 juvenile and adult octopuses from four localities were examined. Dicyema hochbergi n. sp. is a medium-sized species that reaches 2,245 µm in length. The vermiform stages consist of 18-24 peripheral cells, a conical calotte and the extension of the axial cell between the base and middle of the metapolar cells. Infusoriform embryos consist of 39 cells with urn cell containing one germinal cell, two nuclei and solid refringent bodies. Dicyema mexcayae n. sp. is a relatively small species that reaches 1,114 µm in length. The vermiform stages are constituted by 14-16 peripheral cells, an elongate calotte and the axial cell extending forward to the middle of the metapolar cells. The infusoriform embryos consist of 37 cells, two solid refringent bodies and urn cells with two nuclei each. The present study represents the first description of a dicyemid species from O. maya and increases the number of described species from Mexican waters to 11. PMID:27307168

  6. Optimization of Bartonella henselae multilocus sequence typing scheme using single-nucleotide polymorphism analysis of SOLiD sequence data

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHAO Fan; Gemma Chaloner; Alistair Darby; SONG Xiu-ping; LI Dong-mei; Richard Birtles; LIU Qi-yong

    2012-01-01

    Background Multi-locus sequence typing (MLST) is widely used to explore the population structure of numerous bacterial pathogens.However,for genotypically-restricted pathogens,the sensitivity of MLST is limited by a paucity of variation within selected loci.For Bartonella henselae (B.henselae),although the MLST scheme currently used has been proven useful in defining the overall population structure of the species,its reliability for the accurate delineation of closely-related sequence types,between which allelic variation is usually limited to,at most,one or two nucleotide polymorphisms.Exploitation of high-throughput sequencing data allows a more informed selection of MLST loci and thus,potentially,a means of enhancing the sensitivity of the schemes they comprise.Methods We carried out SOLiD resequencing on 12 representative B.henselae isolates and explored these data using single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) analysis.We determined the number and distribution of SNPs in the genes targeted by the established MLST scheme and modified the position of loci within these genes to capture as much genetic variation as possible.Results Using genome-wide SNP data,we found the distribution of SNPs within each open reading frame (ORF) of MLST loci,which were not represented by the established B.henselae MLST scheme.We then modified the position of loci in the MLST scheme to better reflect the polymorphism in the ORF as a whole.The use of amended loci in this scheme allowed previously indistinguishable ST1 strains to be differentiated.However,the diversity of B.henselae was still rare in China.Conclusions Our study demonstrates the use of SNP analysis to facilitate the selection of MLST loci to augment the currently-described scheme for B.henselae.And the diversity among B.henselae strains in China is markedly less than that observed in B.henselae populations elsewhere in the world.

  7. Po krk v soli

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Filippi, Michal; Bruthans, J.

    2005-01-01

    Roč. 7, č. 1 (2005), s. 28-33. ISSN 1213-1148 R&D Projects: GA AV ČR(CZ) IAB301110501 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z30130516 Keywords : salt * speleology * cave Subject RIV: DB - Geology ; Mineralogy

  8. Transcription profiling of the model cyanobacterium Synechococcus sp. strain PCC 7002 by NextGen (SOLiD™ Sequencing of cDNA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcus eLudwig

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available The genome of the unicellular, euryhaline cyanobacterium Synechococcus sp. PCC 7002 encodes about 3200 proteins. Transcripts were detected for nearly all annotated open reading frames by a global transcriptomic analysis by Next-Generation (SOLiDTM sequencing of cDNA. In the cDNA samples sequenced, ~90% of the mapped sequences were derived from the 16S and 23S ribosomal RNAs and ~10% of the sequences were derived from mRNAs. In cells grown photoautotrophically under standard conditions (38 °C, 1% (v/v CO2 in air, 250 µmol photons m-2 s-1, the highest transcript levels (up to 2% of the total mRNA for the most abundantly transcribed genes (e. g., cpcAB, psbA, psaA were generally derived from genes encoding structural components of the photosynthetic apparatus. High light exposure for one hour caused changes in transcript levels for genes encoding proteins of the photosynthetic apparatus, Type-1 NADH dehydrogenase complex and ATP synthase, whereas dark incubation for one hour resulted in a global decrease in transcript levels for photosynthesis-related genes and an increase in transcript levels for genes involved in carbohydrate degradation. Transcript levels for pyruvate kinase and the pyruvate dehydrogenase complex decreased sharply in cells incubated in the dark. Under dark anoxic (fermentative conditions, transcript changes indicated a global decrease in transcripts for respiratory proteins and suggested that cells employ an alternative phosphoenolpyruvate degradation pathway via phosphoenolpyruvate synthase (ppsA and the pyruvate:ferredoxin oxidoreductase (nifJ. Finally, the data suggested that an apparent operon involved in tetrapyrrole biosynthesis and fatty acid desaturation, acsF2-ho2-hemN2-desF, may be regulated by oxygen concentration.

  9. SOLiD™ sequencing of genomes of clinical isolates of Leishmania donovani from India confirm leptomonas co-infection and raise some key questions.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neeloo Singh

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Known as 'neglected disease' because relatively little effort has been applied to finding cures, leishmaniasis kills more than 150,000 people every year and debilitates millions more. Visceral leishmaniasis (VL, also called Kala Azar (KA or black fever in India, claims around 20,000 lives every year. Whole genome analysis presents an excellent means to identify new targets for drugs, vaccine and diagnostics development, and also provide an avenue into the biological basis of parasite virulence in the L. donovani complex prevalent in India. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: In our presently described study, the next generation SOLiD™ platform was successfully utilized for the first time to carry out whole genome sequencing of L. donovani clinical isolates from India. We report the exceptional occurrence of insect trypanosomatids in clinical cases of visceral leishmaniasis (Kala Azar patients in India. We confirm with whole genome sequencing analysis data that isolates which were sequenced from Kala Azar (visceral leishmaniasis cases were genetically related to Leptomonas. The co-infection in splenic aspirate of these patients with a species of Leptomonas and how likely is it that the infection might be pathogenic, are key questions which need to be investigated. We discuss our results in the context of some important probable hypothesis in this article. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: Our intriguing results of unusual cases of Kala Azar found to be most similar to Leptomonas species put forth important clinical implications for the treatment of Kala Azar in India. Leptomonas have been shown to be highly susceptible to several standard leishmaniacides in vitro. There is very little divergence among these two species viz. Leishmania sp. and L. seymouri, in terms of genomic sequence and organization. A more extensive perception of the phenomenon of co-infection needs to be addressed from molecular pathogenesis and eco

  10. High prevalence of blaOXA-23 in Acinetobacter spp. and detection of blaNDM-1 in A. soli in Cuba: report from National Surveillance Program (2010–2012

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. Quiñones

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available As a first national surveillance of Acinetobacter in Cuba, a total of 500 Acinetobacter spp. isolates recovered from 30 hospitals between 2010 and 2012 were studied. Acinetobacter baumannii–calcoaceticus complex accounted for 96.4% of all the Acinetobacter isolates, while other species were detected at low frequency (A. junii 1.6%, A. lwoffii 1%, A. haemolyticus 0.8%, A. soli 0.2%. Resistance rates of isolates were 34–61% to third-generation cephalosporins, 49–50% to β-lactams/inhibitor combinations, 42–47% to aminoglycosides, 42–44% to carbapenems and 55% to ciprofloxacin. However, resistance rates to colistin, doxycycline, tetracycline and rifampin were less than 5%. Among carbapenem-resistant isolates, 75% harboured different blaOXA genes (OXA-23, 73%; OXA-24, 18%; OXA-58, 3%. The blaNDM-1 gene was identified in an A. soli strain, of which the species was confirmed by sequence analysis of 16S rRNA gene, rpoB, rpoB–rpoC and rpoL–rpoB intergenic spacer regions and gyrB. The sequences of blaNDM-1 and its surrounding genes were identical to those reported for plasmids of A. baumannii and A. lwoffi strains. This is the first report of blaNDM-1 in A. soli, together with a high prevalence of OXA-23 carbapenemase for carbapenem resistance in Acinetobacter spp. in Cuba.

  11. Šach ako metafora matematiky

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Kvasz, Ladislav

    2015-01-01

    Roč. 70, č. 3 (2015), s. 175-187. ISSN 0046-385X Grant ostatní: AV ČR(CZ) Fellowship J. E. Purkyně Institutional support: RVO:67985955 Keywords : chess * mathematics * philosophy of mathematics Subject RIV: AA - Philosophy ; Religion

  12. Elicitation – a tool to improve secondary metabolites production in Melissa Officinalis L. Suspension cultures / Elicitácia ako nástroj na zlepšenie produkcie sekundárnych metabolitov v suspenzných kultúrach Melissa Officinalis L.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Urdová J.

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Súčasná práca je zameraná na štúdium vplyvu biotických (Botrytis cinerea, metyljazmonát a abiotických elicitorov (chlorid kademnatý a chlorid kobaltnatý na produkčné vlastnosti suspenzných kultúr medovky lekárskej (Melissa officinalis L.. Rastlinný materiál bol elicitovaný metyljazmonátom (10 and 100 μmol.l-1, hydrolyzátom bunkovej steny fytopatogénnej huby Botrytis cinerea (1 a 2 ml s glukózovým ekvivalentom 24μg.ml-1, chloridom kademnatým a kobaltnatým (oba v koncentráciách 100 and 1 μmol.l-1. Elicitované kultúry boli vystavené expozícii elicitorov po dobu 24, 48 a 72 h. Efekt elicitácie sa hodnotil na základe obsahu derivátov kyseliny hydroxyškoricovej, vyjadrených ako kyseliny rozmarínová, v závislosti od koncentrácie použitého elicitora a dĺžky jeho pôsobenia. Spomedzi testovaných biotických elicitorov najúčinnejšie podporil produkčné vlastnosti suspenzných kultúr Melissa officinalis L. hydrolyzát z Botrytis cinerea (glukózový ekvivalent 24 mg.ml-1, 1 ml, doba pôsobenia 72 h. Obsah derivátov kyseliny hydroxyškoricovej sa po elicitácii zvýšil trojnásobne v porovnaní s neelicitovanými kultúrami. Produkčná schopnosť suspenzných kultúr elicitovaných metyljazmonátom sa mierne zvýšila len pri použití koncentrácie 10 μmol.l-1. Chlorid kobaltnatý a kademnatý efektívne stimulovali produkciu fenolových látok pri koncentrácii 100 μmol.l-1. Prítomnosť iónov kobaltu a kadmia v rastových médiách suspenzných kultúr viedla k dvoj-, resp. štvornásobnému zvýšeniu obsahu derivátov kyseliny hydroxyškoricovej.

  13. Mikrofinancie ako nástroj rozvojovej pomoci

    OpenAIRE

    Klačková, Zuzana

    2010-01-01

    In the 20th century, microfinance went through a revolution: the number of microfinance was expanding exponentially all over the world. Microfinances are supposed to be one of the most efficient tools in alleviating poverty. The paper, Microfinance: Development Aid tool is analyzing whether microfinance institutions provide, beside the credit services, also preventive antimalarial services so as to lower malaria cases. Theoretical part is focused on definition and familiarization with 'microf...

  14. KOGNITÍVNE SKRESLENIA AKO SÚČASŤ SPRISAHANECKÝCH TEÓRIÍ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Imrich Ruisel

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The beginnings of modern Greek philosophy have already indicated that man is not a reliable information processor, because he is unable to completely encompass the real world at a cognitive level. Thus, already Plato distinguished between the knowledge of the real true belief (epistémé and opinion (doxa. F. Bacon assumed that human senses are not the measure of reality. Psychologists A. Tversky and D. Kahneman pointed out that people do not follow rational arguments and set rules in their judgments. Rather, they use heuristics, which are simplified judgment rules that enable quick judgments, often biased by individual’s subjective beliefs. These wrong conclusions induce false ideas or fallacies. There are deductive and inductive fallacies. We contemplate the ratio of cognitive fallacies in forming and existence of conspiracy theories. Deliberate use of fallacies and biases is characteristic of the use of conspiracy theories in propaganda. Wrong judgments are made due to wrong understanding of coincidental events, insufficient processing of the laws of statistical regression and the tendency to search for confirmation. Preferred are verbal techniques in the form of naive and ritualized terms and statements based on unidentifiable fallacies.

  15. Zákaznícky servis ako nástroj CRM

    OpenAIRE

    Smiková, Lenka

    2009-01-01

    The bachelor thesis analyzes and assesses the marketing mix of Prague City Apartments, s.r.o. It is focused on functioning of customer service as a part of the concept of Customer Relationship Management (CRM). The analysis is based on theoretical knowledge of marketing of services and CRM and on the importance of customer service in rendition of services, particularly in tourism and hotel industry. The thesis provides, via SWOT analysis, suggestions for improving quality of customer service ...

  16. Guerilla marketing ako nový trend v marketingovej komunikácii

    OpenAIRE

    Baraniaková, Júlia

    2010-01-01

    The goal of the bachelor thesis is to theoretically define guerrilla marketing as one of the new trends in marketing communication and to point out its advantages and disadvantages compared to traditional marketing communication. Moreover, the aim is to show its practical use on a company active on the Czech market (Nike CR) by individually interviewing its current marketing manager for CR and SR who explains the company's strategy in the field of guerilla marketing. Finally, the goal is to e...

  17. Controlling – plánovanie ako súčasť riadenia

    OpenAIRE

    Černický, Jakub

    2009-01-01

    The content of my thesis is the field of controlling applied on example of a particular company. In the theoretical part I disclose the evolution of controlling and describe its theoretical fundamentals. In the analytical part I focus on describing the actual planning and budgeting processes within the company starting with creating budgets and ending with evaluation of the comparison between budgets and reality and feed-back. I compare the learned essentials with theoretical approach and at ...

  18. Firemná filantropia ako súčasť konceptu Corporate Social Responsability

    OpenAIRE

    Čarská, Viktória

    2010-01-01

    The thesis deals with the concept of corporate philanthropy and Corporate Social Responsibility. Our goal is to review the state of corporate philanthropy and CSR in SHP Harmanec, JSC, to explore, by a questionnaire research, the attitudes of young people to 30 years and to draw recommendations for the streamlining of corporate philanthropy in the company. Using the synthesis of the research`s results, it aims to design communication activities, which could present the philanthropic activitie...

  19. DNA barcoding muzeijných vzoriek a NGS: ako to (ne)funguje?

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Aghová, Tatiana; Pialek, L.; Čížková, Dagmar; Šumbera, R.; Bryja, Josef

    Brno: Ústav biologie obratlovců AV ČR, 2014 - (Bryja, J.; Drozd, P.). s. 23 ISBN 978-80-87189-16-0. [Zoologické dny. 06.02.2014-07.02.2014, Ostrava] R&D Projects: GA ČR GAP506/10/0983; GA MŠk EE2.3.20.0303; GA MŠk EE2.3.35.0026 Institutional support: RVO:68081766 Keywords : DNA barcoding Subject RIV: EG - Zoology

  20. Biometria ako bezpečnostný prvok v bankovníctve

    OpenAIRE

    Pavliščák, Matúš

    2014-01-01

    The aim of my Bachelor thesis is to provide a comprehensive overview of biometrics as an applied security element within the banking sector. It describes various methods of biometrics-centric identification and data-processing. The main contribution of this thesis is its analysis of the case study conducted by Innovatrics, "The Introduction of Apple Pay and MasterCard Platforms," both of which implement biometrics in banking. The result is an assessment of the current state of usage of biomet...

  1. Podniková identita ako konkurenčná výhoda

    OpenAIRE

    Misun, Juraj

    2009-01-01

    Corporate identity, which has been in the middle of interest of practice for almost 40 years, is still a very important instrument in the field of Marketing and Management despite the currently unfavourable economic situation. Although consumers are checking prices the further the more, brand image is still an important factor in their decision making. What is more, every economist knows that periods of recession are usually followed by a period of expansion. Right now is a period when compan...

  2. Sociálne média ako prostriedok náboru zamestnancov

    OpenAIRE

    Prokopičová, Eva

    2015-01-01

    This bachelor's thesis tackles the issue of utilizing social networks when recruiting new employees by HR workers and the use of social networks by students when pursuing new employment opportunities. The theoretical portion of the thesis contains a brief description of personnel management and social media. There one can find the description of social networks as a whole as well as descriptions of Facebook, Twitter and LinkedIn. The practical portion is dedicated towards an analysis of data ...

  3. Ako chytať myšku drobnú?

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Vallo, Peter

    Brno : Ústav biologie obratlovců AV ČR, 2006 - (Bryja, J.; Zukal, J.). s. 230-231 ISBN 80-903329-4-3. [Zoologické dny. 09.02.2006-10.02.2006, Brno] Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z60930519 Keywords : harvest mouse * Micromys minutus Subject RIV: EG - Zoology

  4. Cross-docking ako distribučná metóda

    OpenAIRE

    Švehlová, Zuzana

    2010-01-01

    The current logistics chains must be designed to copy with short life cycles of products, high stock velocity, low degree of predictability etc. The conditions for accuracy, reliability and flexibility of deliveries at the markets have been changing, and that is why it is inevitable to seek new alternative methods that would lead to higher efficiency levels, remaining competitiveness and, at the same time, fulfil the needs and wishes of customers. In this paper I focuse on cross-docking which...

  5. Porovnanie dvoch nástrojov merania emočnej inteligencie ako črty

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Baumgartner, František; Karaffová, Eva

    Brno : Psychologický ústav Filozofické fakulty Masarykovy univerzity a Tribun EU, 2011 - (Bartošová, K.; Čerňák, M.; Humpolíček, P.; Kukaňová, M.; Slezáčková, A.), s. 21-25 ISBN 978-80-263-0029-8. [Sociální procesy a osobnost. Člověk na cestě životem: křižovatky a mosty. Kroměříž (CZ), 14.09.2011-16.09.2011] R&D Projects: GA ČR GA406/09/2096 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z70250504 Keywords : emotional intelligence * trait approach * measures Subject RIV: AN - Psychology

  6. LOH 2016: Kto odíte ako víťaz?

    OpenAIRE

    Hatyinová, Petra

    2014-01-01

    This paper examines determinants of national medal success at the Summer Olympic Games between 1996 and 2012. Does hosting the Games have a positive impact on the number of gained medals? Do neighboring countries benefit from the approximate home advantage? Analysis based on the Tobit model confirmed the positive effect of hosting the event in the case of current as well as future host. The effect of the neighboring country was not proved. In-sample predictions test quality of the underlying ...

  7. Bitcoin ako nová hrozba pre finančnú stabilitu?

    OpenAIRE

    Jana Drutarovská

    2013-01-01

    Cieľom predkladaného článku je definovať základné podmienky finančnej stability a analyzovať možné hrozby novej experimentálnej virtuálnej meny bitcoin na finančnú stabilitu. Úlohou príspevku je definovať oblasti a faktory, v ktorých táto nová virtuálna mena môže potenciálne spôsobovať finančnú nestabilitu.

  8. The Prokaryotic Expression and Bioactivity of the Recombinant Red Fire Ant Venom Allergen Soli4

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HAN Xue-qing; LIN Xiang-mei; CHEN Hong-jun; ZHANG Yong-guo; YE Gui-sheng; WU Shao-qiang; LI Jian; CHEN Nai-zhong; CHEN Yan; ZHU Shui-fang

    2009-01-01

    The sting of red imported fire ant (RIFA) could cause serious allergic response in fraction of people. These allergic reactions are mainly caused by its venom, especially venom allergen Sol I 1-4. To produce large amount of RIFA venom allergen Sol I 4 for diagnosis of RIFA allergy and allergen-specific immunotherapy, the gene encoding this protein was amplified and cloned into the prokaryotic expression vector pET43, la. The recombinant plasmid was used to transform competent cells and the recombinant proteins were expressed in E. Coli. SDS-PAGE and Western blotting analysis indicated that high-level expression of Sol I 4 protein was successfully achieved. Allergenic activity analysis of the recombinant allergen Sol I 4 was then performed on rabbit. The result showed that the recombinant protein obtained had significant allergenic activity. It indicated that the recombinant allergen Sol I 4 of RIFA venom was successfully expressed in E. Coli, which provided foundation for further developing therapeutic and diagnosis reagents of RIFA allergy.

  9. Development of foundry cores based on inorganic salts: Razvoj livarskih jeder na podlagi anorganskih soli:

    OpenAIRE

    Adámková, Eliška; Beňo, Jaroslav; Jelínek, Petr; Mikšovský, František

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this study is to describe the possibilities of using salt cores for gravity, low-pressure or high-pressure die-casting technology. Determinations of the primary, secondary and final residual strengths were carried out in order to evaluate the possibilities of the salt-core utilization. Furthermore, this contribution is focused on developing composite salts with better mechanical properties. The solubility of these cores and a possibility of their reclamation in a closed cycle with ...

  10. České jako a slovenské ako/akože v mluvených projevech (malý konfrontační pokus)

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Hoffmannová, Jana

    Bratislava : Veda, 2009 - (Šimková, M.), s. 359-371 ISBN 978-80-224-1107-3. [Slovo – Tvorba – Dynamickosť. Modra (SK), 11.03.2009-12.03.2009] R&D Projects: GA ČR GA405/09/2028 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z90610518 Keywords : filler * spoken Czech and Slovak * comparison Subject RIV: AI - Linguistics

  11. Vytvorenie internetového obchodu, ako nadstavba kamenného obchodu spoločnosti

    OpenAIRE

    Mokrý, Richard

    2012-01-01

    This diploma thesis concerns with electronic business. The technology of the trade, the internet and it's services and the history is described in the first chapter. Next chapter concerns with the general theoretical issues of electronic business. Defines relationships of particular subjects, such as client, seller or government service that appear in the terms and conditions of electronic business. Then describes the general model of electronic business. The third chapter is dedicated to gen...

  12. Rozhľady. Konštituovanie Hindčiny Ako Úradného Jazyka Indie

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nagy Peter

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with the Hindi language and its use as a language for official purposes from the late Middle Ages until its implementation in the Constitution of India in the year 1949. It reveals various ideas for promoting Hindi as a national (official language of India. The main focus is on the thoughts of Mahatma Gandhi on Hindi as the lingua franca of India and its role in the replacement of English. Further it describes the process and struggle of its implementation as the official language in the Constituent Assembly of India and concludes with the compromise made by this Assembly.

  13. Franchising ako jedna z možných foriem vstupu podniku na medzinárodné trhy

    OpenAIRE

    Telgárska, Lýdia

    2006-01-01

    Práca pojednáva o franchisingu zo všeobecného hľadiska, to znamená teoretické vymedzenie, hlavné rysy franchisingu a výhody a nevýhody tejto formy podnikania. Ďalej sa zaoberá franchisingovými zmluvami, postupom ich uzatvárania a vzťahmi, ktoré vznikajú medzi poskytovateľom a príjemcom franšízy. Taktiež sa v nej rozoberajú špecifické rysy medzinárodného franchisingu a v neposlednej rade aplikácia franchisingu v medzinárodnej spoločnosti Starbucks.

  14. Value-at-Risk ako základ moderného riadenia rizík

    OpenAIRE

    Grešlík, Tomáš

    2011-01-01

    The thesis discusses a relatively modern method of measuring market risk - Value at Risk, which is widely used in the area of risk management. The thesis in the first section deals with risk, particularly financial risk and its dividing. The aim of the second section is to familiarize the reader with the concept of Value at Risk, why and where Value at Risk is used, what are the advantages and disadvantages. This section also includes methods of calculating Value at Risk. Third section contai...

  15. Spoločenská zodpovednosť ako súčasť stratégie firmy

    OpenAIRE

    Pavelčíková, Katarína

    2010-01-01

    The main topic of thesis is the issue of corporate social responsibility, which gradually acquires new fans and so is gaining importance. The first part aims to describe the basic characteristics of the concept and then clarifying the procedure for the incorporation of social responsibility to the main business strategy. Latest part of the theoretical part points to need to distinguish from the concept of corporate philanthropy and Public Relations. The practical part of the thesis describes ...

  16. Talent manažment ako súčasť konkurenčnej výhody

    OpenAIRE

    Misun, Juraj; Hudakova, Ivana

    2011-01-01

    The current period is one full of unforeseen changes. A major problem for most Slovak businesses, as well as foreign companies finding themselves in a difficult and turbulent business environment, is the difficulty to find good quality employees. Even after they found them, it is difficult to keep them, especially if they achieve excellent results at work. It is about managing talent, or talent management, becoming common and extremely popular on both domestic and foreign markets. The success...

  17. Vodcovstvo ako úspešný predpoklad pre dosahovanie zvyšovania konkurenčnej schopnosti podnikov

    OpenAIRE

    Hudakova, Ivana

    2008-01-01

    The idea of leadership has fascinated people for centuries. Leadership, or leading, is an asocial process, where the leader is seeking for voluntary participation of the subordinated, thus striving to achieve the company's objectives. Leadership clearly proves to be more than exercising power and authority. It also covers a number of managerial abilities, such as susceptibility, motivation, scrupulousness, empathy and communication. Leadership has to be present at all levels of the organizati...

  18. Informačné technologie ako nástroj na kontrolu a riadenie firemných procesov

    OpenAIRE

    Mihályiová, Viktória

    2014-01-01

    Mihályiová, V. Information technology as a tool to manage and control business processes. Bachelor thesis. Brno, 2014. The thesis is focused on the issue of information systems utilization in business practice to manage and support business processes. The content of this work are primarily a theoretical background definition and conducting an enterprise internal analysis for a subsequent fulfillment of the thesis's main goal, which is a proposal for future development direction of a selected ...

  19. Ako rýchle vieme a môžeme násobiť

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Porubský, Štefan

    Praha : Matfyzpress, 2009 - (Bečvář, J.; Bečvářová, M.), s. 173-179 ISBN 978-80-7378-092-0. [Historie matematiky. Mezinárodní konference /30./. Jevíčko (CZ), 21.08.2009-25.08.2009] Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z10300504 Keywords : multiplication * Egyptian multiplication * Hindu-Arab multiplication * complementary multiplication * tables of quater-squares * Czech (modular) multiplication * Karatsuba multiplication Subject RIV: BA - General Mathematics

  20. Moderné matky ako cieľový segment pre produkty vybranej spoločnosti

    OpenAIRE

    Greifová, Daniela

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of the thesis is to describe in detail the segment of the modern moms as the target group for the products of the chosen company, in this case of Procter&Gamble, to demonstrate the concrete way how to use the theory about this segment and about current marketing by means of its successful campaign that targeted this segment and to show the dissimilarities between Czech and Slovak mothers that are part of this segment and the characteristics of this segment resulting from the globa...

  1. Úverové registre ako nástroj znižovania úverového rizika

    OpenAIRE

    Bohumel, Michal

    2013-01-01

    This thesis deals with the credit bureaus, followed by an analysis of credit bureaus in Slovak and Czech banking sector and an overview of the operation of credit bureaus of European countries. In the initial part of the thesis I explains key concepts such as credit bureaus, bank risk, credit risk, market risk, liquidity risk, operational risk. Then I deal with the issue of credit bureaus as an instrument of reducing credit risk. I discuss the importance of credit bureaus for banks and their ...

  2. Rozhľady. Konštituovanie Hindčiny Ako Úradného Jazyka Indie

    OpenAIRE

    Nagy Peter

    2015-01-01

    The article deals with the Hindi language and its use as a language for official purposes from the late Middle Ages until its implementation in the Constitution of India in the year 1949. It reveals various ideas for promoting Hindi as a national (official) language of India. The main focus is on the thoughts of Mahatma Gandhi on Hindi as the lingua franca of India and its role in the replacement of English. Further it describes the process and struggle of its implementation as the official l...

  3. Regionálna identita ako faktor rozvoja destinácie cestovného ruchu

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Nikischer, Richard

    Brno: Vysoká škola obchodní a hotelová, 2013 - (Jeřábek, T.; Trunečková, P.), s. 301-314 ISBN 978-80-87300-42-8. [Regionální rozvoj cestovního ruchu, hotelnictví a gastronomie: 6. mezinárodní vědecká konference. Brno (CZ), 25.04.2013] R&D Projects: GA MŠk(CZ) LG12023 Institutional support: RVO:68378025 Keywords : regional identity * tourist destination * regional development Subject RIV: DE - Earth Magnetism, Geodesy, Geography

  4. The availability of fertilizer-P applied of sitiung soli of west sumatra after few weeks of lime applications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A soil from Sitiung, Sumatra Barat was limed to a rate equivalent to 1 x exch. A1 and incubataed for a period of 0, 2, 3, and 4 weeks, respectively. At each end of the incubation period, TSP-32-P at rates of 0, 1.25, 2.50, and 3.75 g TSP were added to 5 kg air-dry soil or equivalent to 0, 100, 200, and 300 kg P/ha. After fertilizer application each pot were planted with wilis soybean variety and harvested 28 days later. Absorption of total P and from fertilizer, and P absorption efficiency of soybean receiving 100 to 200 kg P/ha were not affected by duration of incubation of lime before P fertilizer is being applied. Applying 300 kg P/ha to Sitiung soil previously incubated with lime for at least two weeks resulted in higher absorption of total P and P from fertilizer, and P absorption efficiency compared to lower P rates. (authors). 11 refs.; 2 figs.; 4 tabs

  5. Methanisation of stackable biomass in discontinuously operated solis fermentation plants; Methanisierung stapelbarer Biomassen in diskontinuierlich betriebenen Feststofffermentationsanlagen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kusch, S.

    2007-07-01

    In contrary to the municipal waste processing in agricultural areas the biogas production based on solid materials is still in a phase of development. A possible processing approach is the discontinuously operated box fermenter with irrigation. Based on associated features like robustness, flexibility and utilizability in agricultural farms without liquid manure this type of fermenter is quite attractive.The author describes the laboratory and field tests and discusses possible applications, including procedural boundary conditions using different materials and problematic aspects. Possibilities for process optimizations are given.

  6. Analýza nástrojov internetu ako média pre marketingové účely

    OpenAIRE

    Gregová, Silvia

    2010-01-01

    The goal of this thesis is the analysis of internet marketing tools and implementation of acquired knowledge into practice. This topic is particularly important to study because the current marketing and communication mix in the world and the Czech Republic are increasingly concerned in on-line communications. Leading topics of this work are: Marketing and Commercial Communications, Internet as a Modern Medium, Internet and its Using in Commercial Communications, Internet Portal www.hotel-uby...

  7. Dopady finančnej krízy na využívanie teleworku ako flexibilnej formy práce

    OpenAIRE

    Duľová, Daniela

    2011-01-01

    This thesis describes a concept of telework, its background, diffusion and penetration, the European Framework Agreement on Telework and provides a detailed analysis of home office as one form of telework in Czech Republic and Germany during the financial crisis. Evaluating the impacts of the financial crisis on using this form of flexible working is based on statistical data, researches and case studies from both countries and on interviews with representatives of two companies located in Cz...

  8. Emocionálna inteligencia ako schopnosť a jej vzťah k črtovej emocionálnej inteligencii

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Baumgartner, František; Zacharová, Z.

    Bratislava: Univerzita Komenského, 2010 - (Čechová, D.), s. 153-162 ISBN 978-80-89236-93-0. [Osobnosť v kontexte kognícií, emocionality a motivácií II. Bratislava (SK), 26.11.2009-27.11.2009] R&D Projects: GA ČR GA406/09/2096 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z70250504 Keywords : emotional intelligence * ability * personality Subject RIV: AN - Psychology

  9. Palestína - minulosť, náboženstvo a demokracia ako prekážky k samostatnosti

    OpenAIRE

    Engler, Matej

    2012-01-01

    Bachelor thesis focuses on the problematic development regarding Palestinian autonomy. It presents three aspects to evaluate the subject of this work. The first part describes the historical development of the conflict focusing on the impacts of development not only of Israel's political scene on Palestine, but also the development of the region itself and on the international scene as well. Religion, as the dominant element of politics not only in Israel, but also for many fundamentalist mov...

  10. Koncept geobiotopu ako možnej vyššej stanovištnej jednotky pre diferencovanie manažmentu lesov

    OpenAIRE

    Kulla Ladislav; Bošeľa Michal

    2013-01-01

    The paper proposes and justifies an alternative concept of aggregation of forest site types in higher units for purposes of differentiation of forest management. Analysis of variance was performed for both: the natural occurrence of tree species in reserves, as well as the production potential of tree species measured on the representative plots according to Zlatnik´s altitudinal vegetation zones and edaphictrophic series. Based on the results of this analysis, an aggregation of forest site t...

  11. Koncept geobiotopu ako možnej vyššej stanovištnej jednotky pre diferencovanie manažmentu lesov

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kulla Ladislav

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The paper proposes and justifies an alternative concept of aggregation of forest site types in higher units for purposes of differentiation of forest management. Analysis of variance was performed for both: the natural occurrence of tree species in reserves, as well as the production potential of tree species measured on the representative plots according to Zlatnik´s altitudinal vegetation zones and edaphictrophic series. Based on the results of this analysis, an aggregation of forest site types was suggested along the elevation gradient of climatop, and along the edaphic-trophic and the edaphic-hydric gradients of edaphotop. By intersection of such created 32 categories of geotope with the basic formation groups of forest habitats by Braun-Blanquet geo-botanical school, 53 reconstructive geo-biotopes were formed. The proposed unit was compared using the F-test, Akaike information criterion (AIC, and the index of classification efficiency (EQ with current typological units in terms of its ability to describe the variability of the analyzed parameters. Finally, the qualitative association of the compared classification models with the European classification systems was assessed. Based on the results obtained, it can be concluded that the site unit geo-biotop is at least comparable with currently used unit MGFT, with the number of categories lower by 72%.

  12. Stropná erózia v jaskyniach: počiatky skúmania a Zdeněk Roth ako autor konceptu

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Bella, P.; Bosák, Pavel

    2013-01-01

    Roč. 18, č. 2 (2013), s. 84-86. ISSN 1335-213X Institutional support: RVO:67985831 Keywords : ceiling channel * paragenesis * antigravitative erosion * definition * Zdeněk Roth * Domica Cave * Slovak Karst Subject RIV: DB - Geology ; Mineralogy

  13. Priateľstvo ako cnosť súkromná i verejná (Friendship as a Private and Public Virtues)

    OpenAIRE

    Matúš Porubjak

    2008-01-01

    The aim of this article is to show a social role of friendship (filia) in Classical Greece and to discover why, as Aristotle thinks, is filia the greatest good for the polis. The author bases his analysis on a comparison between Plato’s dialogue Lysis and Aristotle’s Politics (namely the book 1 and book 3). He distinguishes four types of filia, and shows the social role played by each one of them: the love of parents to children, the friendship between teenage boys of the same age, the love o...

  14. Priateľstvo ako cnosť súkromná i verejná (Friendship as a Private and Public Virtues

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matúš Porubjak

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this article is to show a social role of friendship (filia in Classical Greece and to discover why, as Aristotle thinks, is filia the greatest good for the polis. The author bases his analysis on a comparison between Plato’s dialogue Lysis and Aristotle’s Politics (namely the book 1 and book 3. He distinguishes four types of filia, and shows the social role played by each one of them: the love of parents to children, the friendship between teenage boys of the same age, the love of elder men to boys, and the friendship between free adult citizens.

  15. Axiologické hľadanie zmyslu kvality života a návrh indikátorov ako jeho výsledok

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    František Murgaš

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available Príspevok sa zaoberá kvalitou života v jej postmodernom a ne-postmodernom chápaní, pričom ich hodnotí z axiologického aspektu. Výsledkom je návrh indikátorov, reflektujúcich zmysel kvality života.

  16. Zdravie ako téma v medzinárodnej politike a medzinárodnom práve

    OpenAIRE

    Bendíková, Natália

    2013-01-01

    The way we understand the term health is being changed significantly under continuous globalisation. Even though in the past, health issues were a concern of a particular country, today, as a result of intensive trade and travelling, these issues reach beyond the boarders of national states and influence millions of people around the world consequently. Thus, the issue of health is moving from the national to the international level and a new concept of Global health emerges. Global health is...

  17. Extrémne klimatické anomálie ako priamy dôsledok globálneho otepľovania

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Ač, Alexander; Pecho, Jozef

    Bratislava: Slovenská katlolická charita, 2012 - (Baluchová, B.), s. 111-131 ISBN 978-80-967870-1-2. [Zmena klímy-možný dopad (nielen) na obyvatelstvo a rozvojové projekty. Bratislava (SK), 08.11.2012-08.11.2012] Institutional support: RVO:67179843 ; RVO:68378289 Keywords : extreme weather * climate anomalies * statistics of extremes * heat waves * extreme precipitation * drought Subject RIV: EH - Ecology, Behaviour; DG - Athmosphere Sciences, Meteorology (UFA-U)

  18. Problémy v komunikácii ako príčina vzniku neúplných rodín

    OpenAIRE

    MORAVČIKOVÁ, Petra

    2013-01-01

    Submitted thesis tries to show importance and irreplaceable space in communicatin at present. It also deals with the need for communication in the basic cell of society - the family. It speaks about the importance and need for mutual communication and the correct listening in families. It deals with the causes of matrimonial crisis and consequences of cinflicts in the family. It speaks about communication differences between man and woman, communication barrires, which causes problems in fami...

  19. Peniaze ako zdroj šťastia v našich životoch? (Is Money a Source of Happiness in our lives?)

    OpenAIRE

    Otakar Horák

    2013-01-01

    This paper begins by referring to the research which distinguishes two different aspects of subjective well-being, namely 1. experiences of happiness – measured by frequency and intensity of joy, stress, anger, worry and sadness we experience at a certain moment and 2. life satisfaction. Survey shows that beyond an annual household income of $75 000 there is no increase in the experiences of happiness. The paper then refers to the psychological mechanisms and factors – namely hedonic adaptati...

  20. Peniaze ako zdroj šťastia v našich životoch? (Is Money a Source of Happiness in our lives?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Otakar Horák

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper begins by referring to the research which distinguishes two different aspects of subjective well-being, namely 1. experiences of happiness – measured by frequency and intensity of joy, stress, anger, worry and sadness we experience at a certain moment and 2. life satisfaction. Survey shows that beyond an annual household income of $75 000 there is no increase in the experiences of happiness. The paper then refers to the psychological mechanisms and factors – namely hedonic adaptation, social comparison and stress as a result of a raise – that lower the capacity of money to buy us the experiences of happiness. Not only we get quickly used to the things we buy, money also puts us into stressful situations and makes us build barriers between people. The paper then specifies strategies of economic decision-making that contribute to the maximization of happiness, such as purchase of the experiences instead of the things, interrupted and postponed consumption, or prosocial spending. The research indicates that prosocial spending has higher causal impact on promoting happiness than personal spending. As a matter of fact, this phenomenon is not culturally limited to the West. Concluding assertion – expressed only in the form of hypothesis – says that prosocial spending which is a form of prosocial behavior strengthens – through production of happiness – mutual relations in the society (cooperation.

  1. Včelí jed ako zdroj antimikrobiálnych peptidov: Štúdium mechanizmu účinku

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Čujová, Sabína; Čeřovský, Václav

    2014-01-01

    Roč. 108, č. 5 (2014), s. 527. ISSN 0009-2770. [Mezioborové setkání mladých biologů, biochemiků a chemiků /14./. 13.05.2014-16.05.2014, Milovy] Institutional support: RVO:61388963 Keywords : antimicrobial peptides * tryptophan fluorescence * calcein leakage Subject RIV: CC - Organic Chemistry

  2. The effects of fish hydrolysate (CPSP) level on Octopus maya (Voss and Solis) diet: Digestive enzyme activity, blood metabolites, and energy balance

    OpenAIRE

    Aguila, J; Cuzon, Gerard; Pascual, C; Domingues, P; Gaxiola, G; Sanchez, A.; T. Maldonado; Rosas, C

    2007-01-01

    As has been demonstrated in previous studies, Octopus maya can be fed on artificial diets. In the present study six different diets were assayed. Five diets were designed to test the effect of percentage of inclusion of fish protein concentrate (CPSP: 0, 5, 10, 15, and 20%) and were offered to octopuses as a specifically designed artificial diet. The sixth diet consisted of frozen crab (Callinectes spp) and was used as control diet. Blood metabolites and energy budget of octopuses were evalua...

  3. SOLiD™ Sequencing of Genomes of Clinical Isolates of Leishmania donovani from India Confirm Leptomonas Co-Infection and Raise Some Key Questions

    OpenAIRE

    Singh, Neeloo; Chikara, Surendra; Sundar, Shyam

    2013-01-01

    Background Known as ‘neglected disease’ because relatively little effort has been applied to finding cures, leishmaniasis kills more than 150,000 people every year and debilitates millions more. Visceral leishmaniasis (VL), also called Kala Azar (KA) or black fever in India, claims around 20,000 lives every year. Whole genome analysis presents an excellent means to identify new targets for drugs, vaccine and diagnostics development, and also provide an avenue into the biological basis of para...

  4. Competing Victimizations or Multidirectional Soli-daties? Politics of Collective Memory and Solidarity in the Post-National Socialist and Post-Colonial Austrian Left

    OpenAIRE

    Julia Edthofer

    2014-01-01

    In this article I illustrate “competing victimizations” and propose possible “multidirectional solidarities” regarding inner-left debates about the Middle East conflict, anti-Semitism and racism in Viennese left-wing contexts. The illustrated conflict is specific for radical left-wing politics in a post-National Socialist and post-colonial setting. Debates initially revolve around Israel versus Palestine solidarity. In the wake of the Second Intifada and the September 11 attacks they partly d...

  5. Competing Victimizations or Multidirectional Soli-daties? Politics of Collective Memory and Solidarity in the Post-National Socialist and Post-Colonial Austrian Left

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julia Edthofer

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available In this article I illustrate “competing victimizations” and propose possible “multidirectional solidarities” regarding inner-left debates about the Middle East conflict, anti-Semitism and racism in Viennese left-wing contexts. The illustrated conflict is specific for radical left-wing politics in a post-National Socialist and post-colonial setting. Debates initially revolve around Israel versus Palestine solidarity. In the wake of the Second Intifada and the September 11 attacks they partly divide anti-fascist and anti-racist political stances. While the pro-Israeli camp focuses on the Holocaust, Austrian guilt-deflection and current anti-Semitism, the pro-Palestinian side condemns the Israeli occupation and fights growing anti-Muslim racism. In this context, opposing perspectives on the relation of new anti-Semitism and anti-Muslim racism are articulated. Such competing dynamics and their interrelation with Austrian memory politics and global politics are illustrated.  Subsequently, they are discussed as being related to conflicting memories and interrelated competing victimizations in migrant societies with a National Socialist history, such as in Austria and Germany. Concluding, the concept of “multidirectional solidarity” is proposed as an alternative approach, transcending competitive views on past and current victimizations.

  6. Podnikateľský model ako nástroj strategického manažmentu na príklade spoločnosti Marvel entertainment

    OpenAIRE

    Misunova Hudakova, Ivana; Misun, Juraj

    2013-01-01

    In December 2009 the media group Disney completed the takeover of Marvel Entertainment, which belongs to the largest comic book publishers in the world. The transaction significantly changed the two companies, as well as the movie industry. Disney greatly expanded its child target group, which consisted mostly of young girls so far, when with the takeover of Marvel it began to target also boys. A huge competitive advantage in the turbulent, complex and dynamic business environment for Marvel ...

  7. Regionálne povedomie a identita regiónu ako premenné v rámci procesu inštitucionalizácie regiónu

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Nikischer, Richard

    2014-01-01

    Roč. 13, č. 3 (2014), s. 83-91. ISSN 1336-2232. [ Geografia a integrovaný výskum krajiny. Ružomberok, 10.09.2013-12.09.2013] R&D Projects: GA MŠk(CZ) LG12023 Institutional support: RVO:68378025 Keywords : institutionalization of the region * regional consciousness * identity of the region

  8. Teoretické vymedzenie podnikového emailingu ako nástroja podnikového správania v systéme podnikovej identity

    OpenAIRE

    Misun, Juraj

    2010-01-01

    Corporate Behavior is according to many renowned authors the most important instrument of the corporate identity. It defines how all employees of a company behave to themselves and to the external environment. At present time the email communication became very important not only for private use, but also to companies. Therefore companies should use an instrument of the corporate behavior called the corporate emailing.

  9. Porovnanie aktivít CSR nadnárodnej spoločnosti ako celku a jej aktivít v rámci ČR

    OpenAIRE

    Konkoľová, Karolína

    2012-01-01

    The bachelor thesis deals with the topic of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). The aim is to compare CSR activities carried out by an international company on a supranational level with the activities realized on a local level in Czech Republic. The bachelor thesis is divided into two parts, theoretical and practical one. The theoretical part deals with the concept of CSR, standards and organisations acting in this field and CSR reporting. The practical part goes into CSR of a global comp...

  10. Segmentácia trhu pri použití marketingových dát ako súčasť marketingovej stratégie

    OpenAIRE

    Nagyová-Tkáčová, Monika

    2013-01-01

    The thesis deals mainly with market segmentation which is very important part of marketing strategy. The theoretical part consists of general knowledge of marketing, a Customer relationship management (CRM), market segmentation and database marketing. A case study consists of the implementation of the theoretical knowledge into the practical part. The aims of the thesis are: an introduction to the issue of market segmentation, an importance of market segmentation in creating marketing strateg...

  11. Podnikové výdavky na výskum a vývoj ako súčasť inovačnej kapacity v podmienkach konkurujúcich si odvetví

    OpenAIRE

    Hudec, Oto; Prochádzková, Martina

    2013-01-01

    Purpose of the article: This paper examines how firms ‘internal factors and their industrial affiliation influence the amount of business expenditures on research and development. Methodology/methods: The means for expressing that relation is the hierarchical linear model, in which the fixed explanatory variables are quantitative business indicators that include the number of employees, operational profit and capital expenditures. The qualitative explanatory factor is the industry...

  12. Vernostné programy v leteckej spoločnosti ako nástroj riadenia vzťahov so zákazníkmi

    OpenAIRE

    Demčáková, Vanda

    2015-01-01

    This bachelors thesis Loyalty programs as a CRM tool used by airline describes the importance of Customer Relationship Management in todays competitive market and explains basic concepts of a relationship between organization and customers, such as customer value, satisfaction and loyalty. In the practical part is the knowledge from theoretical part applied on the specific airline. The practical part presents an assessment and evaluation of the loyalty program OK Plus Partner. To carry out th...

  13. Pamäť ako múza: alétheia medzi enthusiasmom a epistémé (Memory as Muse: Alētheia between enthousiasm and epistēmē

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zuzana Zelinová

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The contribution underlines the role of Mnēmosynē (Memory as the mother of the Muses as a constitutive aspect of archaic poetry based on the etymological relationship between alētheia (as true knowledge and lēthē (as forgetting, in which truth becomes – in a specific way – the negation of forgetting. The social role of the poet, who participates in perpetuation of truth, is closely related to the complementarity produced by Muse and Memory. The main purpose of this paper is to offer an answer to the question: “How can be this relationship transformed from the area of poiētikē technē to the area of philosophy and what is the place of Mnēmosynē in Plato´s anamnēsis (dialogue Meno?”

  14. Ako spolu komunikujú Česi a Rakúšania: používání jazyka v průběhu meziskupinového kontaktu

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Graf, Sylvie; Petrjánošová, Magda

    Bratislava : Ústav výskumu sociálnej komunikácie SAV, 2012 - (Masaryk, R.; Petrjánošová, M.; Lášticová, B.), s. 193-199 ISBN 978-80-970234-2-3. - (Human Communication Studies. 11). [XI. česko-slovenská konference s mezinárodní účastí. Kvalitatívny prístup a metódy vo vedách o človeku: „Diverzita v spoločenských vedách“. Bratislava (SK), 23.01.2012-24.01.2012] R&D Projects: GA ČR GAP407/10/2394 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z70250504 Keywords : language * content analysis * tematic analysis * intergroup contact * basal critical discourse analysis Subject RIV: AN - Psychology

  15. Stonôžky (Chilopoda), mnohonôžky (Diplopoda) a rovnakonôžky (Oniscidea) ako súčasť makroepigeonu CHKO Latorica – predbežné poznatky

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Lukáčová, D.; Škovranová, S.; Oravcová, M.; Mock, A.; Tajovský, Karel

    České Budějovice: Ústav půdní biologie, BC AV ČR, 2010. s. 7-8. ISBN 978-80-86525-18-1. [Česko-slovenský myriapodologický seminář /7./. 08.04.2010-09.04.2010, České Budějovice] Institutional research pla n: CEZ:AV0Z60660521 Keywords : PLA Latorica * centipedes * millipedes Subject RIV: EH - Ecology, Behaviour

  16. Preformulation investigation of some clopidogrel addition salts

    OpenAIRE

    Ritlop, Gregor; Simonič, Igor; Zupančič, Vinko; Plevnik, Miha; Smrkolj, Matej; Kristl, Albin; Vrečer, Franc; Benkič, Primož

    2015-01-01

    Fizikalno-kemijske lastnosti zdravilnih učinkovin, kot so topnost, hitrost (profil) raztapljanja, kemijska stabilnost, farmacevtsko- tehnološka procesibilnost itd., lahko izboljšamo s tvorbo različnih soli. Karakterizacija fizikalnih lastnosti tovrstnih soli je pomembna za izbiro optimalne soli, ki ima ustrezne biofarmacevtske lastnosti, ustrezno stabilnost in procesibilnost v industrijskem merilu. V nadaljevanju v prispevku predstavljamo predformulacijske študije nekaterih soli klopidogrela ...

  17. Gargallo, Francesca. Saharauis. La sonrisa del sol> : Ciudad de México, Editorial Corte y Confección, 2014, 125 páginas

    OpenAIRE

    Graciano, Nicolás

    2015-01-01

    Escrito desde latitudes latinoamericanas, y con una clara mirada anticolonialista y antipatriarcal, Francesca Gargallo nos ofrece un trabajo muy gratuito para cualquier lector que quiera interiorizar en la realidad y en la lucha del pueblo Saharaui. La autora pone al servicio de su escritura toda su experiencia académica, militante y narrativa para tender un puente entre las historias de ambos pueblos y continentes. Su intención es claramente política, en todo el trayecto de la obra muestra u...

  18. Apricot Kernel Oil Ameliorates Cyclophosphamide-Associated Immunosuppression in Rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tian, Honglei; Yan, Haiyan; Tan, Siwei; Zhan, Ping; Mao, Xiaoying; Wang, Peng; Wang, Zhouping

    2016-08-01

    The effects of dietary apricot kernel oil (AKO), which contains high levels of oleic and linoleic acids and lower levels of α-tocopherol, were evaluated in a rat model of cyclophosphamide-induced immunosuppression. Rats had intraperitoneal injection with cyclophosphamide to induce immunosuppression and were then infused with AKO or normal saline (NS) for 4 weeks. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays were used to detect antimicrobial factors in lymphocytes and anti-inflammatory factors in hepatocytes. Hematoxylin & eosin staining was conducted prior to histopathological analysis of the spleen, liver, and thymus. Significant differences were observed between the immune functions of the healthy control group, the normal saline group, and the AKO group. Compared to the normal saline-treated group, lymphocytes isolated from rats administered AKO showed significant improvement in immunoglobulin (Ig)A, IgM, IgG, interleukin (IL)-2, IL-12, and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) levels (p cyclophosphamide-associated organ degeneration. These results suggested that AKO may enhance the immune system in vivo. These effects may reflect the activities of intermediate oleic and linoleic acid metabolites, which play a vital role in the immune system, and the α-tocopherol in AKO may further enhance this phenomenon. Thus, the use of AKO as a nutritional supplement can be proposed to ameliorate chemotherapy-associated immunosuppression. PMID:27262314

  19. From Commonwealth to Postcolonial Literature

    OpenAIRE

    Ako, Edward O.

    2004-01-01

    In his paper,"From Commonwealth to Postcolonial Literature," Edward O.Ako begins by establishing the link between Empire and English-language literature. Drawing on Elleke Boehmer, Gauri Viswanath, and Terry Eagleton, Ako discusses the ideological uses of literature and argues that the textual forms that emerged as "resistance" to imperial domination were referred to by a multiplicity of terms: Commonwealth Literature, New English Literature, Literature in English, Third World Literature, Wor...

  20. Ako súvisia sebavedomie, jazykové spôsobilosti a ekonomické rozdiely: obraz suseda vo voľných výpovediach Nemcov o Čechoch a Čechov o Nemcoch

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Petrjánošová, Magda

    Brno: Psychologický ústav Filozofické fakulty Masarykovy univerzity a Tribun EU, 2011 - (Bartošová, K.; Čerňák, M.; Humpolíček, P.; Kukaňová, M.; Slezáčková, A.), s. 233-237 ISBN 978-80-263-0029-8. [Sociální procesy a osobnost. Člověk na cestě životem: křižovatky a mosty. Kroměříž (CZ), 14.09.2011-16.09.2011] R&D Projects: GA ČR GAP407/10/2394 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z70250504 Keywords : intergroup contact * Germans * Czechs * thematic analysis . Subject RIV: AN - Psychology

  1. Integrated coastal management in Uruguay

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Integrated coastal management in Uruguay Carmelo includes the following areas-Nueva Palmira challenges and opportunities for local development in a context of large-scale industrial (Conchillas Uruguay), coastal management and stream Arroyo Solis Solis Chico Grande, Punta Colorada and Punta Negra, Maldonado Province Arroyo Valizas and sustainable tourism.

  2. Long- and Short-Term Processes Indicated by the Displacement of the Chamber Roofs in the Monumental Wieliczka Salt Mine / Długo- i krótkotrwałe procesy sygnalizowane przemieszczeniami stropu komór w zabytkowej kopalni soli wieliczka

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kortas, Grzegorz

    2013-03-01

    This paper presents several processes that are characteristic for the salt rock mass, which have been found upon analysis of observations of the chamber roof displacements in the monumental Wieliczka Salt Mine. Those processes are revealed in different time frames and they range from short- to long-term ones. A regular long-term increase or decrease of creeping rate in the chamber roof is expressed by power function of time. It was found that an annual component of that process consists in the season cycle, marked by increased displacement rates in the summer and reduced ones in the winter. The seasonal changes in air humidity are the cause of those cycles. A rock slip cycle is observed in some chambers during several months. In those periods, we can identify displacements that happen when internal static and dynamic friction is overcome. In 2007-2009, single signals from large-area rock-mass movements were recorded in several chambers. They were probably associated with the change of geo-mechanical conditions in northern region of rock mass after a leak had been plugged in the cross-corridor Mina. The results of our analysis have revealed new cognitive components contributing to the description of rock behaviour in specific geological and mining conditions of Miocene salt deposits.

  3. The stabilization of the rock mass of the wieliczka salt mine through the backfilling of the witos chamber with the use of injection methods / Stabilizacji górotworu kopalni soli "wieliczka" poprzez likwidację komór "witos" z zastosowaniem metod iniekcji

    Science.gov (United States)

    D'Obyrn, Kajetan

    2012-10-01

    The Wieliczka Salt Mine is the most famous and the most visited mining industry monument in the world and it requires modern methods to ensure rock mass stability and tourists' security. Both for conservation and tourism organization reasons, the group of Warszawa-Wisla-Budryk-Lebzeltern-Upper Witos Chambers (Photo. 1, 2. 3) located the Kazanów mid-level at a depth of 117 m underground is extremely important. Discontinuous deformation occurring in this Chamber complex was eliminated by comprehensive securing work with anchor housing, but their final securing and stability is conditioned by further backfilling and sealing the Witos Chambers situated directly beneath. In the 1940s and 1950s, the Witos Chamber was backfilled with slag from the mine boilerhouse. However, slags with 80% compressibility are not backfilling material which would ensure the stability of the rock mass. The chambers were exploited in the early nineteenth century in the Spizit salts of the central part of the layered deposit. The condition of the Upper Witos, Wisla, Warszawa, Budryk, and Lebzeltern Chambers is generally good. The western part if the Lebzeltern Chamber (Fig. 1), which was threatened with collapse, was backfilled with sand. In all the chambers of the Witos complex, local deformation of ceiling rock of varying intensity is observed as well as significant destruction of the side walls of pillars between chambers. No hydrogeological phenomena are observed in the chambers. It has been attempted to solve the problem of stability of the rock mass in this region of the mine by extracting the slag and backfilling with sand, erecting concrete supporting pillars, backfilling the voids with sand, anchoring the ceiling and the side walls, the use of the pillar housing. The methods have either not been applied or have been proved insufficient to properly protect the excavation situated above. In order to select the optimal securing method, a geomechanical analysis was conducted in order to determine the condition of the chambers with particular emphasis on the pillars between the chambers. The analysis demonstrated the need to backfilling the Witos Chambers in order to improve the strength parameters of the pillars and the cross-level ledge. The next step consisted of selecting the sealing mix and testing how the additional burden and improving the slag strength parameters shall affect the stability of the excavations of the Kazanów mid-level. In order to determine the optimal composition of the backfilling mixtures, formulas of sealing brine slurries have been developed. Laboratory tests were also conducted concerning the strain parameters specifications of slags extracted from the Witos Chamber. Taking into account the slurry tests, and in particular, the density, strength and strain parameters, the optimal composition of the sealing mix was selected. The analysis of the results of numerical recalculations demonstrate that even the use of highest-density mixtures, backfilling(sealing) of the Witos Chambers should not cause significant disturbance of the current tension in the surrounding rock mass. The longterm impact of sealing should lead to improvement of the strain levels on the ledges between Level III and Kazanów mid-level chambers. The positive results of applying in the Mine of injection slurries for sealing and stabilizing the rock mass and the construction of the injection node on the surface of the Kosciuszko shaft area have allowed resuming work in the Witos Chambers. The main injection over 1,000 m long pipeline was constructed from the injection node through the Kosciuszko Shaft and along Level III of the mine. The sealing of the Witos Chambers complex was divided into three areas (Fig. 2) separated by backfilling dams. Each region was connected to an injection and venting pipeline, and areas of possible injection material off-flow from backfilling locations were secured. Once that the Chambers are sealed with the use of the pipeline seven bore holes will be drilled from excavations situated above through which the sealing slurry will be administered. The operation will serve to eliminate any voids and re-seal the slag, and it will be conducted until pressures of approximately 0.5 MPa on the bore hole collar is achieved. As past experience indicates, injection slurry formula can be regularly adjusted adequately to the changing geomechanical parameters and the type of sealing work at the Wieliczka Mine. Once that the backfilling and sealing process in the Witos Chambers complex is completed, it shall be necessary to conduct monitoring activities in order to determine the processes occurring in the rock mass after the backfilling. The properties of sealing mixtures qualify those for use in the environment both of salt mines and other mineral ore mines to stabilize the rock mass in the mining-geomechanical context precluding the possibility of weakening the rock mass strength parameters and at the same time sealing the rock mass and the loose material deposited in the excavation.

  4. Rozprávka ako nástroj spoločenskej satiry vo francúzskej literatúre 18. storočia: Charles Duclos a jeho Acajou a Zirphile (1744 (Le conte comme l’outil de la satire sociale dans la littérature française du XVIIIe siècle : Charles Duclos et son Acajou et Zirphile (1744

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrea Tureková

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Le présent article est consacré à la problématique du conte libertin du XVIIIe siècle et plus particulièrement à sa dimension satirique à l’égard de la société contemporaine. Sur l’exemple du conte de Charles Duclos, Acajou et Zirphile (1744, l’auteur analyse les différentes facettes que prend la satire sociale dans ce conte, qui se veut une « sottise ».

  5. Estonian science breeds world-class researches / ToivoTänavsuu, Hille Tänavsuu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tänavsuu, Toivo

    2010-01-01

    Eesti teadusfirmadest: biotehnoloogia ettevõtted Celecure AS, Protobios OÜ, Icosagen AS, Asper Biotech AS ja Solis BioDyne OÜ, geenitehnoloogia firma Genorama OÜ, keemiatehnoloogia ettevõte AS Cambrex Tallinn

  6. 3Corners of the World / Joosep Sang

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sang, Joosep

    2009-01-01

    Arvustused : Robert Jürjendal, Petri Kuljuntausta, David Rothenberg. 3Corners of the World. [Tallinn] : Terra Nova Music, 2008. Nadia ja Fragile. Uhke ali. [Tallinn] : Nadia & Fragile, 2008. UMA. Civitas Soli. [Tallinn] : Elwood, 2008. Uutest heliplaatidest

  7. Coverage Bias and Sensitivity of Variant Calling for Four Whole-genome Sequencing Technologies

    OpenAIRE

    Nora Rieber; Marc Zapatka; Bärbel Lasitschka; David Jones1; Paul Northcott; Barbara Hutter; Natalie Jäger; Marcel Kool; Michael Taylor; Peter Lichter; Stefan Pfister; Stephan Wolf; Benedikt Brors; Roland Eils

    2013-01-01

    The emergence of high-throughput, next-generation sequencing technologies has dramatically altered the way we assess genomes in population genetics and in cancer genomics. Currently, there are four commonly used whole-genome sequencing platforms on the market: Illumina's HiSeq2000, Life Technologies' SOLiD 4 and its completely redesigned 5500xl SOLiD, and Complete Genomics' technology. A number of earlier studies have compared a subset of those sequencing platforms or compared those platforms...

  8. Coverage Bias and Sensitivity of Variant Calling for Four Whole-genome Sequencing Technologies

    OpenAIRE

    Rieber, Nora; Zapatka, Marc; Lasitschka, Bärbel; Jones, David,; Northcott, Paul; Hutter, Barbara; Jäger, Natalie; Kool, Marcel; Taylor, Michael; Lichter, Peter; Pfister, Stefan; Wolf, Stephan; Brors, Benedikt; Eils, Roland

    2013-01-01

    The emergence of high-throughput, next-generation sequencing technologies has dramatically altered the way we assess genomes in population genetics and in cancer genomics. Currently, there are four commonly used whole-genome sequencing platforms on the market: Illumina’s HiSeq2000, Life Technologies’ SOLiD 4 and its completely redesigned 5500xl SOLiD, and Complete Genomics’ technology. A number of earlier studies have compared a subset of those sequencing platforms or compared those platforms...

  9. Promoting Competence and Resilience in the School Context

    Science.gov (United States)

    Masten, Ann S.; Herbers, Janette E.; Cutuli, J. J.; Lafavor, Theresa L.

    2008-01-01

    Four decades of research on resilience in young people provide compelling data and models for applications in the school context. Resilience theory and findings are highly congruent with Strengths-Based School Counseling (SBSC) as formulated by Galassi and Akos (2007). In this article, resilience is defined in relation to competence in…

  10. Prijelaz iz Gauss-Krügerovih u UTM koordinate putem Helmertove transformacije za područje grada Sarajeva

    OpenAIRE

    Lončarić, Ivan

    2010-01-01

    U radu je opisano i prikazano kako dobiti koordinate za područje grada Sarajeva u UTM projekciji i s datumom WGS-1984, ako raspolažemo s Gauss-Krügerovim koordinatama na starom Besselovom datumu iz 1841.

  11. LABORARTORY BRNO

    OpenAIRE

    Krajčová, Petra

    2013-01-01

    Pri hmotovej skladbe som dbala na oslnenie, pohľadové osy, negatívne vplyvy (ako prach a hluk z dopravy) a chodca, ako základnú jednotku života v meste. Začala som uzavretím bloku. Vznikla príliš veľká hmota. Kultúrna inštitúcia ako stavba pre obyvateľov celého mesta by podľa mala byť odlíšená od svojho okolia. Mala by byť výrazna, a iná skladbou konštrukcie, ako aj celým výrazom. V minulosti sa takéto stavby umiestňovali na výrazne miesta, do zelene, kde bol na stavbu dobrý výhľad zo všetkýc...

  12. Soljenje hrane i kronične bolesti

    OpenAIRE

    Mimica, M.; KRAPAC, L.

    1980-01-01

    U epidemiološkom istraživanju kroničnih bolesti 1972. godine u uzorku stanovništva koji se sastojao od 3 265 ispitanika u dobi od 38 do 57 godina, dobivene su izjave o soljenju hrane. Najveći broj ispitanika (62,8%) izjavio je da »normalno« soli hranu, 17,0% »dosoljava«, a 1,6% »dosoljava mnogo« hranu. »Malo soli« hranu 16,1% a »ne soli« hranu 2,5% ispitanika. Muškarci u prosjeku više dosoljavaju hranu nego žene, a seosko stanovništvo više nego gradsko. Nisu nađene razlike u prevalenciji sist...

  13. New Initiatives for Synoptic Observations

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    C. U. Keller

    2000-09-01

    Several new synoptic facilities for long-term studies of the Sun will become operational within the next few years. This paper summarizes information on some of these projects, in particular GONG+, ISOON, GOES/SXI, and SOLIS. SOLIS, the Synoptic Optical Long-Term Investigations of the Sun, is currently being built by the National Solar Observatory and will become operational in 2001. It consists of a 50-cm vector spectromagnetograph, a 14-cm full-disk patrol, and an 8-mm sunas-a-star spectrometer.

  14. DOLOČANJE KONCENTRACIJE NATRIJA IN KALIJA V URINU TER VPLIV NA KRVNI TLAK PRI ODRASLIH PREBIVALCIH ZAHODNE SLOVENIJE

    OpenAIRE

    Vukina, Ana

    2015-01-01

    Čezmeren vnos natrija oziroma soli je pomemben prehranski dejavnik tveganja za zdravje in eden od glavnih vzrokov za nastanek kronično nenalezljivih bolezni: povišanega krvnega tlaka, bolezni srca in ožilja, bolezni ledvic, sladkorne bolezni, čezmerne hranjenosti in debelosti ter nekaterih vrst raka. Z magistrskim delom smo želeli ugotoviti in prikazati obstoječe stanje uživanja natrija in kalija pri odraslih prebivalcih zahodne Slovenije ter predstaviti problematiko prekomernega vnosa soli k...

  15. Teologija oslobođenja i opredjeljenje za siromašne

    OpenAIRE

    Grbac, Josip

    2014-01-01

    Teologija oslobođenja učinila je svojevrsni zaokret u nastojanjima da Crkva usvoji opredjeljenje za siromašne kao strateško, a ne samo taktičko pitanje. Crkveno učiteljstvo taj njezin cilj nikada nije doveo u pitanje, a kritike su se odnosile na sredstva i metodologiju. Ako je teologija oslobođenja potaknula analizu biblijskih tekstova na temu siromaštva, istodobno je promovirala svojevrsno »političko« čitanje Biblije. Ako je učinila antropološki pomak, stavljajući konkretnog čovjeka u prvi plan te...

  16. Analýza Parkinsonovy nemoci pomocí segmentálních řečových příznaků

    OpenAIRE

    Mračko, Peter

    2015-01-01

    V tejto práci je popísaný návrh systému diagnózy Parkinsonovej choroby na základe reči. Parkinsonova choroba je neurodegeneratívna porucha centrálneho nervového systému, ktorej prejavom je okrem iných aj postihnutie motorických aspektov reči tzv. hypokinetická dysartria. Návrh systému je v tejto práci založený na najznámejších segmentálnych parametroch ako sú koeficienty LPC, PLP, MFCC, LPCC, ale aj menej známych ako sú CMS, ACW a MSC. Z rečových nahrávok pacientov postihnutých Parkinsonovou ...

  17. Polyfunkční dům v Bratislavě v části Podunajské Biskupice

    OpenAIRE

    Puschenreiterová, Kristína

    2015-01-01

    Diplomovú prácu tvorí je projektová dokumentácia nízkoenergetického polyfunkčného domu plne podpivničený s tromi nadzemnými podlažiami a ukončený plochou strechou. Jedná sa o samostatne stojaci objekt situovaný bytovej zástavbe v hlavnom meste Bratislava v časti Podunajské Biskupice. Suterén je zhotovený zo železobetónových stien a stĺpov. Slúži ako garáž s 22 parkovacími miestami pre vlastníkov bytov, taktiež je tu umiestnená technická miestnosť. Nadzemné podlažia sú navrhnuté ako železobetó...

  18. Interneto teisės identifikavimo problema

    OpenAIRE

    Kiauzaris, Donatas

    2006-01-01

    Magistriniame darbe nagrinėjama interneto teisės termino vartojimo tikslingumas, bei įvardijamos šio termino galimos alternatyvos, kurios sutinkamos moksliniuose darbuose. Apžvelgiami interneto teisei būdingi principai, jų teisinė paskirtis, bei įtaka. Vadovaujantis teisės teorijos sukurtais teisės šakos identifikavimo reikalavimais, iškeliama hipotezė, jog interneto teisė esanti atskira kompleksinė teisės šaka, bei pateikiamas šios teisės šakos apibrėžimas. Siekiant patvirtinti iškeltą hipot...

  19. Evaluation of content of phenolics in Salvia species cultivated in South Moravian Region / Hodnotenie obsahu fenolov vo vybraných druhoch rodu Salvia L. pestovaných v Juhomoravskom kraji

    OpenAIRE

    Muráriková A.; Kaffková K.; Raab S.; Neugebauerová J.

    2015-01-01

    V štúdii na celkový obsah fenolových látok a kyseliny rozmarínovej bolo hodnotených 37 vzoriek šalvie (Salvia L.) z metanolových extraktov stanovených spektrofotometricky. Množstvo celkových fenolov bolo analyzované s pomocou Folin Ciocalteuového skúmadla. Ako štandard bola použitá kyselina galová a celkové fenoly boli vyjadrené ako mg.100 g-1 kyseliny galovej v sušine. Boli zobrazené podstatné rozdiely hodnotených extraktov. Všetky skúmané druhy okrem Salvia jurisici (990,79 mg GAE.100 g-1) ...

  20. Bezpečnost automobilů Škoda

    OpenAIRE

    Poláš, Maroš

    2015-01-01

    Táto bakalárska práca sa zameriava na históriu a bezpečnosť automobilov značky Škoda. Prvá časť sa zaoberá históriou bezpečnosti ako aj históriou automobilov Škoda. Druhá časť je rozdelená na desaťročia a v nich sú popísané jednotlivé modely áut z hľadiska ich aktívnej a pasívnej bezpečnosti, ako sa vyvíjali jednotlivé bezpečnostné prvky a aj samotné vozidlá od roku 1964 do roku 2015.

  1. Návrh modelu Savoniova rotoru

    OpenAIRE

    Sedlačko, Jozef

    2016-01-01

    Veterná energetika patrí v poslednom desaťročí k rýchlo rozvíjajúcim odvetviam výroby energie z obnoviteľných zdrojov. Savoniov rotor ako malý veterný zdroj bol rovnako ako ostatné zdroje podrobený skúmaniu a inováciám. Táto práca sa zaoberá návrhom a realizáciou Savoniovho rotoru pre laboratórne účely. V prvej časti práce je predostretý jeho princíp a vlastnosti. Druhá časť pojednáva o matematickom návrhu rozmerov a geometrie. V poslednej časti sa venuje meraniu a vyhodnoteniu základných par...

  2. Zabezpečení bezdrátových sítí a možné útoky na tyto sítě

    OpenAIRE

    Vlček, Peter

    2010-01-01

    Prvým z hlavných cieľov tejto práce bolo naštudovať a preskúmať rôzne typy útokov na bezdrôtové siete. Táto práca je zameraná na najbežnejšie sa vyskytujúce druhy útokov, akými sú WEP/WPA/WPA2 prelomenie, útok mužom uprostred (MIM), slovníkový útok, MAC podvrhnutie a nakoniec Denial of Service útoky. Popis jednotlivých útokov je zároveň doplnený podrobnými návodmi, ako sa dajú tieto útoky zrealizovať na platforme Windows. Ďalej je popísané, ako sa dajú jednotlivé útoky odhaliť a identifikovať...

  3. Co je v právu nového

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Cvrček, František

    Bratislava: Ústav štátu a práva SAV, 2015 - (Bárány, E.), s. 49-56 ISBN 978-80-224-1469-2. [Ako právo reaguje na novoty. Piešťany (SK), 11.03.2015-13.03.2015] Institutional support: RVO:68378122 Keywords : theory of law * Czech legislation * quantitative methods Subject RIV: AG - Legal Sciences

  4. Spiritualita na prodej

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Říčan, Pavel

    Bratislava: STIMUL, 2005 - (Sarmány Schuller, I.; Bratská, M.), s. 43-49 ISBN 80-967311-7-3. [Psychologické dny /22./ "Psychológia a život – alebo ako je potrebná metanoia“. Bratislava (SK), 08.09.2005-10.09.2005] Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z70250504 Keywords : Spirituality * Psychology * Theory * Application Subject RIV: AN - Psychology

  5. Budovanie mieru a štátu včera a dnes

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Halász, Ivan

    Bratislava: Ústav štátu a práva SAV, 2015 - (Bárány, E.), s. 259-269 ISBN 978-80-224-1469-2. [Ako právo reaguje na novoty. Piešťany (SK), 11.03.2015-13.03.2015] Institutional support: RVO:68378122 Keywords : peace-building * state-building * international law Subject RIV: AG - Legal Sciences

  6. Minimally invasive veneers: current state of the art

    OpenAIRE

    Burçin Akoğlu Vanlıoğlu, Burcin

    2014-01-01

    Burçin Akoğlu Vanlioğlu, Yasemin Kulak-Özkan University of Marmara, Department of Prosthetic Dentistry, Istanbul, TurkeyAbstract: Ceramic veneers are considered a conservative solution for patients requiring improvement of the shape, color, or position of their anterior teeth. Ceramic veneers have been extensively and successfully used to mask intrinsic staining, to give the appearance of straightening, and to correct minor malformations of anterior teeth without the rem...

  7. Planning and realization of broadband network in accordance with guidelines from European digital agenda

    OpenAIRE

    Simšič, Jaka

    2016-01-01

    Thesis contains description of European Digital Agenda (EDA) guidelines regarding the need for fast and ultra fast internet access. Republic of Slovenia supported those guidelines in document Digital Slovenia 2020 and with that confirmed the intention to fulfill the requirements set by European Commission in EDA. Current state of communication network does not suffice those guidelines. According to Agency for communication networks and services of the Republic of Slovenia (AKOS) copper connec...

  8. Co nového zrcadlí legislativa ČR po roce 1990

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Novák, František

    Bratislava: Ústav štátu a práva SAV, 2015 - (Bárány, E.), s. 57-64 ISBN 978-80-224-1469-2. [Ako právo reaguje na novoty. Piešťany (SK), 11.03.2015-13.03.2015] Institutional support: RVO:68378122 Keywords : legislature of CR * legislation in CSR, CR and SR * development of the legislature in CR in 1993-2013 Subject RIV: AG - Legal Sciences

  9. Desni ekstremizam, radikalizam i zapadnoeuropska Nova desnica

    OpenAIRE

    Velički, Damir

    2010-01-01

    U ovom se radu polazi od pojma političkog ekstremizma koji karakterizira odbijanje temeljnih vrijednosti demokratske ustavne države te se, nadalje, nakon definiranja strukturnih značajki desnog ekstremizma on razgraničuje od srodnog pojma desnog radikalizma. U nastavku se analizira pojam tzv. Nove desnice te njezina prisutnost u Francuskoj, Italiji, Velikoj Britaniji i SR Njemačkoj. Pojam Nova desnica prikladan je ako se njime opisuju intelektualna strujanja koja rade na ide...

  10. Histoire et onomastique médiévales. L'enquête de 1249 sur la guerre de Thibaud I de Navarre en Labourd

    OpenAIRE

    Orpustan, Jean-Baptiste

    1997-01-01

    XIII-garren mendean Nabarrako errege Zantxo Azkarra hil eta (1234), haren iloba Thibalt edo Thibaud Xampañako kondeak ukan zituen Nabarrako korona eta erresuma. Berehala gataskak hasi ziren orduan Angeleterrako erregeren meneko ziren Baiones eta Lapurtarren eta Nabartarren artean : artalde eta abere bahitze larre-mendietan, untzietan zeramatzaten salgai ebaste eta zergatze Baionan eta portu angelesetan... Gauzak oraino gaixtatu ziren, bertze guzien artetik Garroko jauregia, hango jaunak Thiba...

  11. Vítr se vrací k Acheirům

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Jareš, Michal

    Bratislava: Ústav slovenskej literatúry SAV, 2012 - (Taranenková, I.; Jareš, M.), s. 90-98 ISBN 978-80-88746-18-8. [Bude ako nebolo. Podoby utopického žánru. Bratislava (SK), 19.05.2011-19.05.2011] Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z90560517 Keywords : Czech literature * Utopian novels * popular literature Subject RIV: AJ - Letters, Mass-media, Audiovision

  12. Incorporation monitoring in Germany. Quo vadis?; Inkorporationsueberwachung in Deutschland. Quo Vadis?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Froning, Martina; Breustedt, Bastian; Scholl, Clemens [Fachverband fuer Strahlenschutz e.V., Garching (Germany). Arbeitskreis Inkorporationsueberwachung

    2015-07-01

    In 1970 a study group incorporation monitoring (AKI) was founded in the research center Karlsruhe. In the last decade the AKO and the respective group in the Bundesamt fuer Strahlenschutz (BfS) have identified the necessity to develop a test point concept. The actual state of incorporation monitoring in Germany is, the future of the test point concept and related questions are discussed in the contribution.

  13. The Datsuns : külalised eriti kaugelt. Popid poisid Norrast

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Uus-Meremaa rockansamblist The Datsuns (www.thedatsuns.com), albumitest "The Datsuns", "Smoke and Mirrors". Norra rockansamblist Apoptygma Berzerk (www.apoptygmaberzerk.de), albumitest "Soli Deo Gloria, "7", "Welcome To Earth", "Harmonizer", "You and Me Against the World", "Sonic Diary". Info festivalist: www.rabarock.delfi.ee / www.rabarock.ee

  14. Treatment with IL-2 and IL-12 inhibits tumour cell division in SL2 lymphoma

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Masztalerz, A; Van Luyn, M; Werner, N; Molema, G; Everse, LA; Den Otter, W

    2004-01-01

    We examined which mechanism plays a dominant role in the rejection of solid SL2 lymphoma treated with locally applied IL-2 and /or IL-12. This treatment resulted in about 80% cures. There was a moderate influx of leukocytes in the tissue surrounding tumours; yet these cells failed to invade the soli

  15. DMPD: Distinct functions of IRF-3 and IRF-7 in IFN-alpha gene regulation and controlof anti-tumor activity in primary macrophages. [Dynamic Macrophage Pathway CSML Database

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 16846591 Distinct functions of IRF-3 and IRF-7 in IFN-alpha gene regulation and controlof anti-tumor activit...Distinct functions of IRF-3 and IRF-7 in IFN-alpha gene regulation and controlof anti-tumor activity... IFN-alpha gene regulation and controlof anti-tumor activity in primary macrophages. Authors Solis M, Goubau

  16. Crude Oil Stockpiling Needed in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Fu Bin

    1997-01-01

    @@ The two oil crises in the 1970's had badly disturbed the economy and the way of life of those oil importing countries, which began to realize the importance of oil stockpiling. With the rapid development of economy, China could no longer satisfy itself soly with the domesticallyproduced oil.

  17. Gene Expression Differences between Noccaea caerulescens Ecotypes Help to Identify Candidate Genes for Metal Phytoremediation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Halimaa, P.; Lin, Y.F.; Ahonen, V.H.; Blande, D.; Clemens, S.; Gyenesei, A.; Haikio, E.; Karenlampi, S.O.; Laiho, A.; Aarts, M.G.M.; Pursiheimo, J.P.; Schat, H.; Schmidt, H.; Tuomainen, M.H.; Tervahauta, A.I.

    2014-01-01

    Populations of Noccaea caerulescens show tremendous differences in their capacity to hyperaccumulate and hypertolerate metals. To explore the differences that could contribute to these traits, we undertook SOLiD high-throughput sequencing of the root transcriptomes of three phenotypically well-chara

  18. Problematiche del copyright della Biblioteca digitale

    OpenAIRE

    Tammaro, Anna Maria

    2006-01-01

    Sono discussi alcuni temi come: differenze del diritto di autore nella biblioteca tradizionale e nella biblioteca digitale, licenze e creative commons, problematiche di autenticità, privacy e deposito legale. Il testo completo della dispensa è accessibile ai soli utenti autorizzati.

  19. Eestlased rajavad omaenda oaasi Ränioru mägismaal / Martin Hanson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hanson, Martin, 1984-

    2008-01-01

    EAS-i California esinduse töötaja Andrus Viirg tutvustab Eesti ettevõtete võimalusi äritegevuse alustamiseks ja investorite leidmiseks Silicon Valley's. Vt. samas: Skype'i tuules lendavad ettevõtted. San Joses kavandavad kontori avamist Eesti ettevõtted Yoga Intelligence, Myoton ja Solis Biodyne

  20. Remote sensing evidence for regolith water vapor sources on Mars

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huguenin, R. L.; Clifford, S. M.

    1982-01-01

    McCord et al. (1977) have presented earth-based photometric imaging data of an event associated with the 1973 dust storm on Mars. The initial dust cloud in Solis Lacus and two regions to the north and south appeared anomalously bright at blue wavelengths. Water frosts, hazes, and/or clouds were identified, and it was suggested that the water responsible for these findings may have originated from Solis Lacus. More recently, a more intensive review of the observational record of Mars was undertaken. Earth-based telescope observations and data from the Mariner and Viking missions have revealed that Solis Lacus has been a center of repeated activity. Persistent activity in the vicinity of Noachis-Hellespontus and in the border regions of Syrtis Major was also discovered. A review of the observations is provided and possible interpretations are discussed. The obtained results appear to support the original proposal that Solis Lacus may be a source of water vapor. Noachis-Hellespontus seems to be a similar vapor source

  1. De novo assembly and characterization of the carrot transcriptome reveals novel genes, new markers, and genetic diversity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Among next generation sequence technologies, platforms such as Illumina and SOLiD produce short reads but with higher coverage and lower cost per sequenced nucleotide than 454 or Sanger. A challenge now is to develop efficient strategies to use short-read length platforms for de novo assembly and ma...

  2. An efficient annotation and gene expression derivation tool for Illumina Solexa datasets

    Science.gov (United States)

    Next-generation DNA sequencing platforms such as 454, Solexa and SOLiD provide unprecedented genome depth and coverage unlike any other sequencing technology. Data produced from Solexa sequencing is well over a terabyte worth of images and gigabytes of short nucleotide sequences ranging from 40 - 12...

  3. Incineration and co-combustion of waste: accounting of greenhouse gases and global warming contributions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Astrup, Thomas; Møller, Jacob; Fruergaard, Thilde

    2009-01-01

    Important greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions related to waste incineration and co-combustion of waste were identified and considered relative to critical aspects such as: the contents of biogenic and fossil carbon, N2O emissions, fuel and material consumptions at the plants, energy recovery, and soli...

  4. Educación, música y posmodernidad : Constructivismo en la iniciación a la guitarra: diseño, implementación y evaluación de un modelo de enseñanza con apoyo de las tic /

    OpenAIRE

    Navarro Solis, José Luis

    2012-01-01

     tesis que para obtener el grado de Doctorado en Música, presenta Jose Luis Navarro Solis ; asesor Antonio Corona Alcalde, Jesús Tejada Gimémez, Gilles Lavigne168 páginas : ilustracionesDoctorado en Música UNAM, Escuela Nacional de Música, 2012

  5. Electrochemical acidification of milk by whey desalination

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Balster, J.; Punt, I.; Stamatialis, D.F.; Lammers, H.; Verver, A.B.; Wessling, M.

    2007-01-01

    We describe a process configuration for the electrochemical acidification of milk using the desalination function and the acid/base production function of a bipolar membrane process. First, the milk is acidified by the acid produced in the bipolar membrane stack. The precipitate is removed by a soli

  6. Synthesis of novel photochromic pyrans via palladium-mediated reactions

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Böttcher, Christoph; Zeyat, Gehad; Ahmed, Saleh A.; Irran, Elisabeth; Cordes, Thorben; Elsner, Cord; Zinth, Wolfgang; Rueck-Braun, Karola

    2009-01-01

    Photochromic pyrans for applications in material and life sciences were synthesized via palladium-mediated cyanation, carbonylation and Sonogashira cross-coupling starting from a bromo-substituted naphthopyran and benzopyrans. A novel photoswitchable benzopyran-based ω-amino acid for Fmoc-based soli

  7. Effective poroelastic model for one-dimensional wave propagation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kudarova, A.; Van Dalen, K.N.; Drijkoningen, G.G.

    2013-01-01

    An effective poroelastic model is proposed that describes seismic attenuation and dispersion in periodically layeredmedia. In this model, the layers represent mesoscopic-scale heterogeneities (larger than the grain and pore sizes but smaller than the wavelength) that can occur both in fluid and soli

  8. 76 FR 54829 - The First Semi-Annual Aviation Workforce Management Conference

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-02

    ... Office of the Secretary of Transportation The First Semi-Annual Aviation Workforce Management Conference... Transportation, announces the First Semi-Annual Aviation Workforce Management Conference which will be held in... Labor Hilda L. Solis and Secretary of Education Arne Duncan. The Federal Aviation Administrator...

  9. Minimaal kinderopvang

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    S.G. van der Lecq (Fieke)

    2001-01-01

    textabstractWie dacht dat Amerikanen alleen maar hard en lang werken, loopt achter: de balans tussen werk en privé heeft nu de kolommen van de Harvard Business Review gehaald 1. Ook in de VS speelt de discussie tussen werkende ouders en hun kinderloze collega's over de grenzen van de onderlinge soli

  10. Sequencing bias: comparison of different protocols of MicroRNA library construction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tian Geng

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background MicroRNAs(miRNAs are 18-25 nt small RNAs playing critical roles in many biological processes. The majority of known miRNAs were discovered by conventional cloning and a Sanger sequencing approach. The next-generation sequencing (NGS technologies enable in-depth characterization of the global repertoire of miRNAs, and different protocols for miRNA library construction have been developed. However, the possible bias between the relative expression levels and sequences introduced by different protocols of library preparation have rarely been explored. Results We assessed three different miRNA library preparation protocols, SOLiD, Illumina versions 1 and 1.5, using cloning or SBS sequencing of total RNA samples extracted from skeletal muscles from Hu sheep and Dorper sheep, and then validated 9 miRNAs by qRT-PCR. Our results show that SBS sequencing data highly correlate with Illumina cloning data. The SOLiD data, when compared to Illumina's, indicate more dispersed distribution of length, higher frequency variation for nucleotides near the 3'- and 5'-ends, higher frequency occurrence for reads containing end secondary structure (ESS, and higher frequency for reads that do not map to known miRNAs. qRT-PCR results showed the best correlation with SOLiD cloning data. Fold difference of Hu sheep and Dorper sheep between qRT-PCR result and SBS sequencing data correlated well (r = 0.937, and fold difference of miR-1 and miR-206 among SOLiD cloning data, qRT-PCR and SBS sequencing data was similar. Conclusions The sequencing depth can influence the quantitative measurement of miRNA abundance, but the discrepancy caused by it was not statistically significant as high correlation was observed between Illumina cloning and SBS sequencing data. Bias of length distribution, sequence variation, and ESS was observed between data obtained with the different protocols. SOLiD cloning data differ from Illumina cloning data mainly because of

  11. Disruption of cagA, the apoprotein gene of chromoprotein antibiotic C-1027, eliminates holo-antibiotic production, but not the cytotoxic chromophore.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cui, Zhihui; Wang, Lifei; Wang, Songmei; Li, Guangwei; Hong, Bin

    2009-11-01

    C-1027 is a chromoprotein of the nine-membered enediyne antitumour antibiotic family, comprising apoprotein to stabilize and transport the enediyne chromophore. The disruption of apoprotein gene cagA within the C-1027 biosynthetic gene cluster abolished C-1027 holo-antibiotic production detected by an antibacterial assay, as well as the expression of the apoprotein and C-1027 chromophore extracted following protein precipitation of the culture supernatant. Complementation of the cagA-disrupted mutant AKO with the intact cagA gene restored C-1027 production, suggesting that cagA is indispensable for holo-antibiotic production. Overexpression of cagA in the wild-type strain resulted in a significant increase in C-1027 production as expected. Surprisingly, electrospray ionization (ESI)-MS and ESI-MS/MS analyses suggested that the AKO mutant still produced the C-1027 enediyne chromophore [m/z=844 (M+H)(+)] and its aromatized product [m/z=846 (M+H)(+)]. Consistent with this, the results from gene expression analysis using real-time reverse transcriptase-PCR showed that transcripts of the positive regulator sgcR3 and the structural genes sgcA1, sgcC4, sgcD6 and sgcE were readily detected in the AKO mutant as well as in the wild-type and the complementation strain. These results provided, for the first time, evidence suggesting that the apoprotein of C-1027 is not essential in the self-resistance mechanism for the enediyne chromophore. PMID:19845765

  12. Tekstura i kakvoća Kraškog pršuta, dobivenog dimljenjem šunki različitih masa i slanosti

    OpenAIRE

    Andronikov, Darko; Gašperlin, Lea; Polak, Tomaž; Žlender, Božidar

    2013-01-01

    Svrha je ovoga rada bila istražiti utjecaj mase svježe šunke i količine soli dodane tijekom prerade na tehnološke, senzorske i fizikalno-kemijske značajke Kraškog pršuta zaštićenog zemljopisnog podrijetla. Sveukupno 84 uzoraka svježih šunki (pH-vrijednosti od 5,6 do 5,9; izmjerenih 24 h nakon klanja) križane pasmine svinja Landras × Veliki jorkšir podijeljeno je u skupine prema masi na lagane (9,5-10,5 kg) i teške (11,5-13 kg), a prema udjelu soli na normalno i manje slane. Dobivene su 4 skup...

  13. Infekcije mokraćnog sustava - novosti u patogenezi i liječenje

    OpenAIRE

    Škerk, Višnja

    2003-01-01

    Infekcije mokraćnog sustava (IMS) jesu simptomatske, asimptomatske, akutne (prve ili pojedinačne), rekurentne, kronične, komplicirane i nekomplicirane. Klinički simptomi cistitisa i leukociturija dovoljan su razlog za počinjanje trodnevne empirijske antimikrobne terapije akutnoga nekompliciranog cistitisa u mladih žena. Urinokultura se mora učiniti prije počinjanja antimikrobne terapije u trudnica, dijabetičara, rekurentnih IMS, pijelonefritisa i ako nije bilo uspješno...

  14. Most na teleskopima oblikovan s mogućnošću preinake fiksno-mobilnog nadomjestka: prikaz slučaja

    OpenAIRE

    Zoidis, Panagiotis; Panagiota, Spyropoulou; Polyzois, Gregory

    2015-01-01

    U ovom kliničkom prikazu opisan je, kod parodontno ugroženog pacijenta s nekontroliranim dijabetesom, fiksni maksilarni most od estetskoga kompozitnog materijala s metalnom bazom učvršćen na frezanim metalnim kapicama. Uključena su i mjesta za okluzalne upirače na ključnim mjestima ako se izgube lateralni zubi kako bi se most mogao prenamijeniti u kombinirani rad s mobilnom protezom. Nedostatak zuba u mandibuli nadomješten je klasičnim fiksnim metalkeramičkim mostom.

  15. POTEŠKOĆE U NASTAVI SVIRANJA NA UČITELJSKOM STUDIJU

    OpenAIRE

    Šenk, Lidija; Ercegovac Jagnjić, Gordana

    2004-01-01

    U višegodišnjem radu sa studentima koji se pripremaju za zvanje učitelja, nailazimo na cijeli niz poteškoća u realizaciji nastave kolegija Sviranje. Zašto učitelj treba pjevati, svladati vještinu sviranja, znati čitati notne znakove? Zašto razredbenim postupkom nisu provjerene glazbene sposobnosti ako o njima ovisi uspješnost studiranja? Zašto glazbeni sadržaji iziskuju toliko mnogo vremena potrebnoga za njihovo usvajanje i uvježbavanje? Ovo su samo neka od pitanja studenata na početku studij...

  16. SIMBOLIČKA KONSTRUKCIJA MONSTRUOZNOG – PRIČA O ELIZABETH BATHORY

    OpenAIRE

    Kürti, László

    2009-01-01

    Rad analizira nekoliko vrsta čudovišta u današnjoj zapadnjačkoj popularnoj kulturi: vukodlake, vampire, morlake, krvavu groficu i ostala stvorenja podzemnoga svijeta. Rabeći pojam monstruoznog rad se bavi temeljnim zabludama etnocentrizma – prevladavajućim nakupinama zapadnjačke superiornosti u kojima alegorije zadovoljavaju znatiželju i maštu građanstva koje je navodno iznad toga, no zapravo nije. Monstruozno postaje uporabni predmet u zapadnjačkoj popularnoj kulturnoj produkciji, a ako uzme...

  17. Nezavisna astronomska kontrola vanjske geodetske mreže tunela ''Mala Kapela''

    OpenAIRE

    Solarić, Nikola; Špoljarić, Drago

    2005-01-01

    Opisana je automatizirana astronomska kontrola vanjske geodetske mreže tunela "Mala Kapela" i moguće povećanje točnosti proboja tunela, osobito ako su strane za orijentaciju poligonskih vlakova kojima se ulazi u tunel kratke i strme. U dosadašnjim primjenama nezavisne astronomske kontrole geodetskih mreža iznad tunela automatizirano je određivan samo astronomski azimut. Komponente otklona vertikale računane su iz topografskih masa ili geoida, što je manje točno od komponenti određenih astr...

  18. Raspodjela HLA-DRB1 gena u hrvatskih bolesnika s artritisom

    OpenAIRE

    Laktašić-Žerjavić, Nadica; Soldo-Jureša, Dragica; Babić-Naglić, Đurđica; Ćurković, Božidar; Potočki, Kristina; Žunec, Renata; Ivanišević, Goran

    2005-01-01

    Reumatoidni artritis (RA) pokazuje povezanost teškog oblika bolesti s određenim HLA-DRB1 alelima. Prema teoriji zajedničkog epitopa prisutnost alela DRB1 lokusa *0401, *0404, *0405, *0408, *0101, *1001 i *1402 povezuje se s destruktivnijim oblikom bolesti, posebice ako su prisutna oba alela. Incidencija RA je 5-7 puta veća u nosioca ovih alela. Cilj rada je bio utvrditi raspodjelu HLA-DRB1 alela u skupini hrvatskih bolesnika s artritisom, i utvrditi najučestaliji podložni gen. Metodom PCR-SSP...

  19. MOGUĆNOSTI PRIMJENE TEHNIKA TERMINSKOG TRGOVANJA NA PODRUČJU TURIZMA

    OpenAIRE

    Šperanda, Ivo

    2008-01-01

    Proces uključivanja poduzeća u međunarodno poslovanje postao je neminovan i nezaustavljiv, međutim, zbog promjena čimbenika međunarodnog poslovanja, klasični oblici poslovnih odnosa više ne odgovaraju novonastalim prilikama i odnosima. Na novu dinamiku tržišnih odnosa i na sve veći stupanj rizika i nesigurnosti moderna poduzeća reagiraju strategijama osiguranja i podjele rizika. Članak predstavlja pokušaj ukazivanja na mogućnosti ublažavanja, ako već ne izbjegavanja, dijela rizika kojima su i...

  20. Utjecaj niskog i visokog popuštanja na tvrdoću čelika EN 42CRMO4

    OpenAIRE

    Živković, Dražen; Gabrić, Igor; Šitić, Slaven

    2012-01-01

    Hollomon i Jaffe [1],[2] su dali funkcionalnu ovisnost parametra popuštanja (temperature i trajanja) P=f(T, t). Drugim riječima ako se koriste kombinacije temperature i trajanja popuštanja, koje rezultiraju jednakom vrijednošću parametra, tvrdoća će ostati nepromijenjena. Ova funkcija se odnosi samo na čelike. Za određivanje parametara popuštanja uz postizanje željene mikrostrukture i tvrdoće nakon obrade, potrebno je poznavati dijagram popuštanja promatranog čelika. U ovom radu je istražena ...

  1. Disidentima su se sviđale lijepe djevojke: golotinja, pornografija i kvalitetno novinarstvo u socijalizmu

    OpenAIRE

    Žikić, Biljana

    2010-01-01

    Komunistički režimi smatrali su pornografiju za isključivo “zapadnjački” fenomen i interpretirali su je kao znak moralnog propadanja izazvanog kapitalističkim oblikom produkcije. Ipak, ako proširimo pojam pornografije na “soft” ili “modest” erotiku, tada moramo priznati postojanje brojnih pornografskih slika na stranicama raznih socijalističkih časopisa, dnevnih novina i publicistike općenito. Ovaj rad ispituje fenomen erotike u socijalističkoj državi u kontekstu socijalističke...

  2. Bolesti žučnih vodova

    OpenAIRE

    Rustemović, Nadan

    2006-01-01

    Akutni kolangitis klinički je sindrom karakteriziran vrućicom, žuticom i abdominalnim kolikama, koje se razvijaju kao rezultat staze i infekcije žuči. Koledoholitijaza je bila prije najčešći uzrok nastanka akutnog kolangitisa. U posljednjih 20 godina zahvati na bilijarnom traktu i stentovi postali su češći uzrok razvoja kolangitisa. Bolest ima značajan mortalitet i morbiditet, posebice ako nije tretirana adekvatno. Intravenska primjena antibiotika, korekcija tekućine i el...

  3. Didaktická teorie a praxe v rámci doktorských studijních programů

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Jaklová Dytrtová, Jana

    Košice : EQUILIBRIA, s.r.o, 2010 - (Orosová, R.; Drotárová, M.), s. 261-263 ISBN 978-80-7079-843-6. [Integrácia teorie a praxe didaktiky ako determinant kvality modernej školy. Košice (SK), 04.11.2010-05.11.2010] Grant ostatní: GA AV ČR(CZ) IAA400400806 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z40550506 Keywords : presentation and communication skills * didactic skills * analysis Subject RIV: CF - Physical ; Theoretical Chemistry

  4. MOGUĆNOSTI U LIJEČENJU OVISNIKA O OPIJATIMA U PRIMARNOJ ZDRAVSTVENOJ ZAŠTITI I OBITELJSKOJ MEDICINE

    OpenAIRE

    Tiljak, Hrvoje; NERALIĆ, IVANA; CEROVEČKI, VENIJA; Kastelic, Andrej; OŽVAČIĆ ADŽIĆ, ZLATA; TILJAK, ANJA

    2013-01-01

    Liječenje ovisnika o opijatima u okviru svakodnevnog rada liječnika obiteljske medicine rezultat je uspjeha zamjenske terapije opioidnim agonistima. Istraživanja pokazuju povoljnije rezultate liječenja ovisnika ako je tretmanski program angažirao liječnika obiteljske medicine te takva organizacija liječenja pridonosi sveobuhvatnoj skrbi, eliminaciji izolacije i stigme, povećanju mogućnosti zapošljavanja te boljem socijalnom funkcioniranju ovisnika. Cilj ovoga rada bio je dati pregled spoznaja...

  5. Nekilnojamojo turto sektoriaus situacijos strateginis vertinimas

    OpenAIRE

    Janušaitė, Asta

    2014-01-01

    Darbą sudaro trys dalys: Pirmoje dalyje pateikiami verslo šakos strateginio vertinimo modeliai, analizuojami įvairių autorių darbai šia tematika, parenkamas modelis, kuris panaudotas atliekant tyrimą. Antroje darbo dalyje aptariama nekilnojamojo turto sektoriaus situacija Lietuvoje ir užsienyje, pateikiamas išskiriama nagrinėjama verslo šaka pagal ekonominį veiklos rūšių klasifikatorių. Trečioje dalyje pateikiama Kauno miesto nekilnojamojo turto agentūrų veiklos patrauklumo įvertinimo tyrimo ...

  6. Kombinirani bešavni zahvat: fakoemulzifikacija s ugradnjom očne leće i 25-g vitrektomija

    OpenAIRE

    Kovačević, Damir; Mance, Tea; Mišljenović, Tamara

    2008-01-01

    Od otkrića 25-G transkonjuktivne bešavne vitrektomije (25G TSV) u 2002. godini ova metoda je postala popularna u cijelom svijetu. Uz dobar odabir bolesnika ova bešavna tehnika je sigurna za kirurga i minimalno neugodne za bolesnika. Siva mrena razvit će se nakon vitrektomije u svakog bolesnika u dobi iznad 50 godina. Kombinirane operacije sive mrene i vitrektomije treba uzeti u obzir ako se razmišlja o samo jednom kirurškom bešavnom zahvatu koji je za bolesnika jednostavniji i manje bolan. Dv...

  7. Kategorija brojivosti u hrvatskom jeziku

    OpenAIRE

    Znika, Marija

    2005-01-01

    Kategorija brojivosti promatra se u ovome radu kao na leksičkom značenju imenica utemeljena kategorija. Leksičko značenje imenica može biti dvojako strukturirano: kao jedinično ili kao nejedinično. Temelji se na opreci jedno ≠ mnogo. Kategorija brojivosti ima svoj sadržaj i izraz. Sadržaj kategorije brojivosti čini obilježje [± brojivo] i njegove oznake [+ brojivo] i [- brojivo]. Imenica je brojiva ako je njezin sadržaj pojmljiv kao jediničnost kojoj u opreci stoji mnogost (stol, jabuka). Ime...

  8. Řídicí jednotka výrobní linky

    OpenAIRE

    Vargovčík, Pavol

    2015-01-01

    V tejto práci som sa venoval vývoju riadiacej jednotky výrobnej linky. Pre jej implementáciu som zvolil vstavané zariadenie Raspberry Pi. Riadiaca jednotka komunikuje s centrálnym administrátorským systémom, ktorý prideľuje jednotlivým riadiacim jednotkám programy. Tieto programy popisujú interakciu s periférnymi zariadeniami, ako aj komunikáciu s databázovým systémom dohľadateľnosti (Traceability).

  9. O ČEMU OVISI KUPOVINA FUNKCIONALNIH PREHRAMBENIH PROIZVODA?

    OpenAIRE

    Kralik, Igor; Kralik, Zlata; Grčević, Manuela

    2016-01-01

    Funkcionalna hrana nova je kategorija u širokom spektru prehrambenih proizvoda, koju potrošači zadnjih godina sve više traže, upravo radi činjenice da imaju određene zdravstvene beneficije. Prema FUFOSE (Functional Food Science in Europe) programu Europske komisije ne postoji točno određena definicija funkcionalne hrane već je uvedena radna definicija prema kojoj se hrana može smatrati funkcionalnom, ako je dokazano da korisno utječe na jednu ili više ciljanih funkcija organizma, pored odgova...

  10. Споредба меѓу „магацинска откопна метода” и „подетажна откопна метода со отворени откопи” за откопување на тенки рудни жици

    OpenAIRE

    Mijalkovski, Stojance

    2010-01-01

    Vo ovoj trud ke se dade sporedba na Magacinskata otkopna metoda i Podetaznata otkopna metoda so otvoreni otkopi za otkopuvanje na tenki rudni zici. Celta na ovaa sporedba e da se vidi koja od ovie dve otkopni metodi bi bila pouspesna ako se primeni za otkopuvanje na tenki rudni zici. Sporedbata na otkopnite metodi ke ja izvrsime preku primer za otkopuvanje na zicno naogjaliste, kade debelinata na zicite se dvizi od 0,1 do 1,5 m, a istite zalegnuvaat pod agol od 40 do 90°. Vo presmetuvanjat...

  11. ZANEMARUJE LI ŠUMARSKA PRAKSA NAČELA POTRAJNOG (ODRŽIVOG) GOSPODARENJA ŠUMAMA?

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    U Šumarskome listu br. 7–8/2004. u rubrici Aktualno, pod naslovom "Nekoliko misli u prilog izradbe kodeksa o gospodarenju prirodnim šumama", akademik Dušan Klepac u 10 je sentenci sažeo bitna načela gospodarenja prirodnim šumama. "Šuma je obnovljivi prirodni resurs; ona se može obnoviti ako se njome pravilno gospodari, ukoliko nije poremećen šumski ekosustav", prva je sentenca, a druga: "Pravilno gospodarenje šumama je potrajno gospodarenje, održavajući gospodarske, ekološke i socijalne funkc...

  12. Značajke i nepravilnosti menstruacijskog ciklusa

    OpenAIRE

    Topalović, Zlatko

    2010-01-01

    Poremećaji menstruacijskog ciklusa najčešći su ginekološki problemi u adolescentno doba. Prva menstruacija (menarche) najočitiji je znak uspostavljanja funkcije jajnika, odnosno osi hipotalamus–hipofiza–jajnici. Ako se prva menstruacija ne pojavi do 16. godine života uz razvijene spolne osobine ili se ne pojavi do 14. godine života uz odsutnost svih spolnih osobina, govorimo o primarnoj amenoreji i treba ispitati njezin uzrok. Povremeni izostanak menstruacije tijekom spolnog sazrijevanja, koj...

  13. Energetski izazovi: europska gledišta i francuski odgovori

    OpenAIRE

    GJIDARA, Marc; Britvić Vetma, Bosiljka

    2013-01-01

    Europska unija nastoji poboljšati europsko energetsko tržište na način da bude bolje koordinirano, jer u ujedinjenoj Europi nije više moguće djelovati izdvojeno. Proizvodnja energije iz obnovljivih izvora velikih razmjera zahtijeva međusobno povezano europsko energetsko tržište, ako se žele postići ciljevi utvrđeni programom „Energija i klima“ usvojenim 2009. Cilj je ovog rada utvrditi na koji način utječu pravila europskog prava na pravno normiranje u energetskim pitanjima i borbi protiv glo...

  14. Pluralističko društvo i religije

    OpenAIRE

    Volf, Miroslav

    2005-01-01

    Svijet je oduvijek bio vrlo religiozno mjesto i po svim izgledima nastavit će to biti u bližoj budućnosti. Ipak, to nije ono što su očekivale neke istaknute osobe europskoga moderniteta. U cijelome svijetu, pogled na život koji je sve prisutniji nije sekularni humanizam. Ako se prije pola stoljeća činilo da će sekularni humanizam biti val budućnosti, to je zato što su ga na mnogim mjestima nametnule autoritarne i totalitarne vlade — u Sovjetskome savezu, u istočnoeuropskim zemljama, u Kini i ...

  15. Rawlsova liberalna utopija

    OpenAIRE

    Cvijanović, Hrvoje

    2003-01-01

    Autor problematizira nacrt Rawlsovoga liberalnog projekta kroz njegovu ideju pravednosti kao primarne vrline društvenih institucija. Rawls smatra da ispravno mora imati primat nad dobrom čime revitalizira deontološku etiku. Deontološki liberalizam Rawlsa počiva na uvjerenju da je pluralno društvo moguće ako slijedimo načelo prvenstva ispravnoga i time različitim koncepcijama dobra postavimo granice. Sandel u svojoj kritici ističe pro i contra argumente deontološke etike, no zaključuje da je n...

  16. TRANSPLANTACIJA BUBREGA KOD STARIJIH OSOBA – VAŽNOST OBILJEŽJA DARIVATELJA I PRIMATELJA

    OpenAIRE

    BAČAK KOCMAN, IVA; Perić, Mladen; Goluža, Eleonora; Kocman, Ivica; Kaštelan, Željko; Pasini, Josip; Kes, Petar; BAŠIĆ JUKIĆ, NIKOLINA

    2013-01-01

    Starenje je prirodan proces koji obuhvaća promjene na svim tkivima i organima uz smanjenje funkcijskog kapaciteta organa. Kako se produžuje životna dob u populaciji, sve je više osoba starije životne dobi koje zahtijevaju nadomještanje bubrežne funkcije, i za njih je transplantacija bubrega metoda odabira, ako nemaju kontraindikacija za primjenu imunosupresijske terapije. Manjak darivatelja bubrega onemogu ava transplantaciju svim osobama koje trebaju takvu vrstu liječenja. Uporabom bubrega d...

  17. Vodonik kao energetski vektor budućnosti - hidridi i baterije na vodonik

    OpenAIRE

    Mitar Konjević

    2005-01-01

    Vodonik predstavlja ekološki čist i praktično neiscrpan energent, relativno lak za skladištenje, transport i korišćenje. Međutim, zbog visoke cene dobijanja još uvek ne konkuriše aktuelnim fosilnim gorivima. Ako se pretpostavlja da će vodonik predstavljati vrlo važan energetski vektor u budućnosti, interesantno je pokazati mogućnosti njegovog korišćenja u vidu hidrida i gorivnih ćelija.

  18. Molitvena dimenzija medureligijskog dijaloga. Stavovi učiteljstva i neka povijesna iskustva

    OpenAIRE

    Bižaca, Nikola

    2003-01-01

    Teologija molitvene dimenzije međureligijskog dijaloga predstavlja Jedno veliko gradilište, Jednako tako kao što Je i katolička teologija religija još uvijek u mnogim svojim elementima u traganju za jednom sintezom koja bi bila primjerena objavi i iskustvu stvarnosti konkretnih odnosa s religijama. Tako se postavlja pitanje glede stvarne mogućnosti molitvenog dijaloga u međureligijskom kontekstu. Jer ako se ima u vidu daje molitva po sebi jedan totalizirajući čin vjerničk...

  19. SASTAV ODLAGALIŠNOG PLINA NA ODLAGALIŠTU OTPADA PRUDINEC/JAKUŠEVEC

    OpenAIRE

    Vujević, Dinko; Čalopek, Maja; Novosel, Marija; Anić-Vučinić, Aleksandra

    2014-01-01

    Nagli razvoj urbanizacije i industrijalizacije utjecao je na povećanje problema sakupljanja i odlaganja čvrstog otpada. Neadekvatno rješavanje tog problema može negativno utjecati na zdravlje ljudi i kvalitetu čovjekova okoliša. Na velikim odlagalištima komunalnog otpada stvaraju se znatne količine odlagališnog plina što može imati potencijalno velik utjecaj na kakvoću zraka posebno ako se otpad odlaže na neadekvatan način. U okviru ovog rada provedena je analiza sastava odlagališnog plina na...

  20. Dendrološka i hortikulturna vrijednost Arboretuma Lisičine

    OpenAIRE

    Idžojtić, Marilena; Zebec, Marko; Poljak, Igor

    2011-01-01

    Prilikom podizanja arboretuma kriteriji su za izbor biljaka drugačiji nego prilikom hortikulturnoga oblikovanja nekoga prostora. Ipak, ako se osim znanstvene i edukativne funkcije vodi računa i o estetskom izgledu, arboretum će u svako doba godine biti prostor ugodan za boravak, a ne samo skupina eksperimentalnih biljaka. U radu je analizirana dendrološka i hortikulturna vrijednost Arboretuma Lisičine. Analiza je prikazana za svako od dvanaest polja u hortikulturnom dijelu, površine oko 9 ha,...

  1. Postupci liječenja Dens Invaginatusa

    OpenAIRE

    Šutalo, Jozo; Knežević, Alena; Negovetić-Mandić, Višnja; Tarle, Zrinka; Pandurić, Vlatko

    2003-01-01

    Dens invaginatus je razvojna anomalija koja se očituje uvlačenjem cakline i dentina u unutrašnjost krune i korijena. Aberacija se može očitovati u širokome spektru morfoloških varijacija of foramen coecum do manjeg ili većeg uvlačenja u korijen, a ponekad sve do vrška korijena. Suvremenu podjelu anomalije ponudio je Oehlers godine 1957. Prema njoj postoje tri tipa abnormalnosti. Najčešće se otkriva radiografskim pregledom. Ako postoji komunikacija invaginacije s pulpom ili periradikularnim...

  2. Model e-marketingu pro dialogové prostředí e-commerce

    OpenAIRE

    Hliničan, Marek

    2011-01-01

    Táto bakalárska práca obsahuje analýzu spoločnosti Chemtrend s.r.o. a návrhy, ako by firma mala skvalitniť svoj e-marketing. K tomu som pre ňu vytvoril nové webové stránky, ktoré sú optimalizované pre vyhľadávače a navrhol som vhodnú reklamu, ktorou sa firma môže v budúcnosti prezentovať na webe.

  3. Da li je moguće istraživati moguće

    OpenAIRE

    Jilek, Miroslav

    1983-01-01

    Upotreba ankete unutar društvenog eksperimenta uvjetovana je samim idejnim nacrtom i metodološkom koncepcijom eksperimenta. Ako se u istraživanje polazi s pozicije kritičke sociologije, onda se eksperimentu zadaje uloga istraživanja i isprobavan ja alternativnog (mogućeg) svijeta. Takvu ulogu moraju odigrati i sve eksperimentu pomoćne i popratne metode. Mada je to u tradicionalnoj sociologiji neuobičajeno, metodi ankete zadata je uloga istraživanja »mogućeg« u jednom akcionom eksperimentu. Tu...

  4. POSLOVNA POLITIKA U FUNKCIJI POVEĆANJA KONKURENTNOSTI POMORSKIH BRODARA

    OpenAIRE

    Zelenika, Ratko; Zanne, Marina

    2008-01-01

    Pomorski brodari obavljaju pomorske prijevoze po najprostranijemu pomorskom putu – moru, a pri tome se koriste kapitalno jako skupim prijevoznim sredstvima – brodovima. Na razne načine prevoze različite vrste tereta, skuplje ili jeftinije, pakirane ili nepakirane, a gledano s aspekta kopna, taj se teret prevozi na dugim relacijama. Na brodovima su više ili manje iskusni pomorci raznih nacionalnosti, koji više ili manje dobro tim brodovima upravljaju. Ako bi se sve prepuštalo slučaju, onda dan...

  5. KAKO JE UHIĆEN NAŠ ČOVJEK U DAMASKU?

    OpenAIRE

    Derenčin, Robert

    2015-01-01

    Eli Cohen, „naš čovjek u Damasku”, bio je izraelski obavještajac koji je nekoliko godina iz Damaska u Izrael slao neprocjenjivo važne podatke. Cohen nije bio špijun plejboj koji je trošio Mossadov novac na to da se sprijatelji s visokorangiranim sirijskim službenicima kako bi pribavljao podatke. Eli Cohen bio je skroman vojnik poslan u opasnu misiju na neprijateljski teritorij. Ako je doista napravio barem jednu fatalnu pogrešku zbog koje je uhićen, bio je to neizbježan kraj za čovjeka koji j...

  6. VRTLOG NOVOGA SVIJETA

    OpenAIRE

    Dujmović, Mauro

    2011-01-01

    Aldous Huxley napisao je roman Vrli novi svijet 1932. godine, dok je George Orwell napisao svoj roman 1984. negdje između 1945. i 1948. godine. Izrazit očaj, krajnji pesimizam i besperspektivnost čovjekove sadašnjosti i budućnosti glavne su odlike ovih romana, a upozorenje se odnosi na činjenicu da ako se u tijeku povijesti i razvoja ljudskoga društva nešto ne promijeni, ljudi će širom svijeta izgubiti većinu svojih ljudskih obilježja i postati automati bez duše, a da tog...

  7. ŠUMARSTVO SA I BEZ NAKNADE ZA OPĆEKORISNE FUNKCIJE ŠUMA

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    Ovih dana ponovo se pokreće rasprava o naknadi za općekorisne funkcije šuma, pa se pitamo da li to znači da se sprema njeno potpuno ukidanje. Ponavljat ćemo se ako opetovano ukazujemo kako je drvo kao sirovina za primarnu i finalnu obradu samo sporedni proizvod potrajnog gospodarenja šumama, a prava i višestruka vrijednost (i do 50 puta) su općekorisne funkcije šuma. Trudimo se ukazati političarima koji donose odluke, ne-biolozima, pa i kvazi biolozima, kako je: zaštita tla od erozije vodom i...

  8. Terorizam i biološko i toksinsko oružje

    OpenAIRE

    Bokan, Slavko

    2003-01-01

    Biološko i toksinsko oružje se koristi u biološkom ratu s ciljem namjernog izazivanja masovnih infektivnih bolesti ljudi, životinja i korisnog bilja u epidemijskim razmjerima te slabljenja ratnih potencijala protivnika. Biološki i toksinski ratni agensi ukljuèuju sve patogene mikroorganizme kao što su virusi, rikecije, bakterije, gljivice i protozoe, prirodne, izmijenjene ili sintetizirane (genetičkim inženjerstvom ili drugim biotehnološkim postupcima) i njihove toksine ako su namijenjeni za ...

  9. Imigracija u Europi danas: aparthejd ili građanska kohabitacija?

    OpenAIRE

    Suvin, Darko

    2011-01-01

    Članak raspravlja orijentacije koje bi spriječile klizanje prema državama aparthejda. Počinje fenomenologijom masovnih seljenja, te se pita: Jesu li ne-građani ljudi? Koje su granice narodnog suvereniteta? Kakva je to sloboda ako je dobar dio stanovnika nepotpuno slobodan? Završava s pet povezanih aksioma: 1/ pravo na gostoprimstvo (pa zatim i državljanstvo) središnje je ljudsko pravo; 2/ svaka država treba dati svojim stanovnicima maksimalno mogući opseg građanskih prava; 3...

  10. SOCIOBIOLOGIJA I "SEBIČNI GEN" Moral i etika sa stajališta suvremene biologije

    OpenAIRE

    Kešina, Ivan

    2002-01-01

    Sociobiologija, recentna varijanta istraživanja ponašanja na evolucijsko-teoretskom temelju, postavila je sebi zadaću istražiti evolucijske temelje ljudskoga morala. Polazišna joj je točka fenomen ljudskoga altruizma. Iz evolucijsko-teoretske perspektive može altruističko ponašanje nastati i održati se ako pridonosi daljnjoj predaji gena koji to ponašanje kodiraju. Glavni autori, E. O. Wilson i R. Dawkins, nastoje etiku "biologizirati", ne želeći samo objasniti biološke ...

  11. OCJENE I PRIKAZI: Sisak u obrani od Turaka. Izbor građe 1543-1597.

    OpenAIRE

    Barbarić, Josip

    1995-01-01

    Ova knjiga, objavljena prilikom obilježavanja 400-te obljetnice bitke kod Siska, sadrži 444 izvorna dokumenta, objavljena djelomice "in extenso" s regestima ispred izvornog teksta, djelomice samo u regestima (ako je dokument u cjelini već objavljen) tematski grupirana u četiri cjeline: 1) Sisačka tvrđa (troškovi gradnje, oprema i naoružanje, posada, turski sužnji, izvori prihoda za gradnju i uzdržavanje, obnova tvrđe, opatija Porno u Ugarskoj koja je neko vrijeme bila dodijeljena zag...

  12. Content of selected heavy metals in the soils of the Ore Mts

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Podrázský, V.; Kapička, Aleš

    Zvolen : Národné lesnícke centrum, 2009, s. 104-109. ISBN 978-80-8093-089-9. [Pestovanie lesa ako nástroj cieľavedomého využívania potenciálu lesov. Zvolen (SK), 08.09.2009-09.09.2009] R&D Projects: GA ČR GA205/07/0941 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z30120515 Keywords : Ore Mts. * forest soils * heavy metals * humus forms * industrial pollution Subject RIV: DK - Soil Contamination ; De-contamination incl. Pesticides

  13. SINTEZA ( R )-1-AMINOINDANA

    OpenAIRE

    Prudič, Darja

    2014-01-01

    (R)-1-aminoindan je pomemben intermediat za sintezo zdravilne farmacevtske učinkovine rasagilina, (R)(+)-N-propargil-1-aminoindana, oz. njegove soli. Zdravila osnovana na navedeni učinkovini se uporabljajo za zdravljenje indikacij Parkinsonove bolezni, motenj spomina, demence tipa Alzheimerjeve bolezni, depresije in hiperaktivnega sindroma pri otrocih. Magistrska naloga temelji na razvoju učinkovite sinteze (R)-1-aminoindana in preveritvi ter potrditvi ustreznosti tega ključnega intermediata ...

  14. Comparative Study of Honey Collected from Different Flora of Pakistan

    OpenAIRE

    Asif Kamal; Saeeda Raza; Nouman Rashid; Tabassum Hameed; Musarrat Gilani; M. Amjad Qureshi; Khalid Nasim

    2002-01-01

    A total number of 40 honey samples were collected from Apis melifera colonies forged on the five flora i.e., Ziziphus spp., Acacia modesta, Trifolium spp., Citrus spp. and Eucalyptus spp. These samples were analyzed for fifteen standard physico-chemical parameters of honey quality control i.e., free acidity, lactone, total acidity, refractive index, specific gravity, reducing sugars, sucrose, total sugars, hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) content, diastase value, ash contents, water insoluble soli...

  15. Solid state proton conductors properties and applications in fuel cells

    CERN Document Server

    Knauth, Philippe

    2012-01-01

    Proton conduction can be found in many different solid materials, from organic polymers at room temperature to inorganic oxides at high temperature. Solid state proton conductors are of central interest for many technological innovations, including hydrogen and humidity sensors, membranes for water electrolyzers and, most importantly, for high-efficiency electrochemical energy conversion in fuel cells. Focusing on fundamentals and physico-chemical properties of solid state proton conductors, topics covered include: Morphology and Structure of Solid Acids Diffusion in Soli

  16. Analýza výrobního procesu vybraného produktu ve farmaceutickém průmyslu

    OpenAIRE

    Pospíšilová, Lucie

    2013-01-01

    Bachelor thesis utilizes lean tools to improve manufacturing process and suggest effective recommendations. The aim of this thesis is to use process mapping to identify possible wastes. The first part contains characterization of the pharmaceutical industry, market definition and classification of a company Zentiva Group a.s. The second part describes terms of lean manufacturing and analytic process tools used in the practical part. Process tools are applied to a manufacturing process of soli...

  17. Google Scholar – wie tief gräbt diese Suchmaschine? (How deep does Google Scholar dig?)

    OpenAIRE

    Mayr, Philipp; Walter, Anne-Kathrin

    2006-01-01

    The paper discusses the new scientific search service Google Scholar. This search engine, which is intended for searching exclusively scholarly documents, will be described with its most important functionality and then tested empirically. The study is based on queries against different journal lists: international journals from Thomson Scientific, Open Access journals from the DOAJ list and journals of the German social sciences literature database SOLIS as well as the analysis of result dat...

  18. Ravefestival, 7 dygn i Turkiet : En studie av trancerörelsen och hur den kollektiva identiteten görs genom festivalen som interaktionsritual

    OpenAIRE

    Christ-Lind, Hanna

    2006-01-01

    In this paper my aim is to understand the trance movement from within as a collective phenomenon. I went to Turkey with my boyfriend David on a trance gathering, a festival called A Total Solar Eclipse Festival. There I did participant observations and interviews. Can Collins theory about interaction ritual be useful to raise the understanding? And is it fruitful to apply the term collective identity? The collective identity is build up by the festival as interaction ritual. It generates soli...

  19. Abdeckung und Aktualität des Suchdienstes Google Scholar (Coverage and up-to-dateness of the Google Scholar index)

    OpenAIRE

    Mayr, Philipp; Walter, Anne-Kathrin

    2006-01-01

    The paper discusses the new Google search service Google Scholar. This search engine, which is intended for searching exclusively scholarly documents, will be described with its most important functionality and then tested empirically. The study is based on queries against different journal lists: STM journals (Thomson Scientific), Open Access journals (DOAJ) and journals of the German social sciences literature database SOLIS as well as the analysis of result data from Google Scholar. The st...

  20. Integrated solid waste management in megacities

    OpenAIRE

    M.A. Abdoli; Rezaee, M.; H. Hasanian

    2016-01-01

    Rapid urbanization and industrialization, population growth and economic growth in developing countries make management of municipal solid waste more complex comparing with developed countries. Furthermore, the conventional municipal solid waste management approach often is reductionists, not tailored to handle complexity. Therefore, the need to a comprehensive and multi-disciplinary approach regarding the municipal solid waste management problems is increasing. The concept of integrated soli...

  1. KARAKTERIZACIJA ADSORPCIJE NANODELCEV HITOZANA NA CELULOZNO MATRICO

    OpenAIRE

    Turalić, Enisa

    2012-01-01

    Za doseganje protimikrobnih lastnosti tekstilnih materialov obstajajo številne metode funkcionalizacij. Pri večini teh metod se še zmeraj uporabljajo reagenti, ki so človeku in okolju neprijazni, saj lahko vsebujejo anorganske soli, fenole in tiofenole, antibiotike, derivate formaldehida, itd. Zlasti aktualen na področju funkcionalizacije tekstilij je hitozan. Tako kot v farmaciji in kozmetiki je tudi na področju razvoja medicinskih tekstilij trend v uporabi nanodelcev za doseganje funkciona...

  2. Oscillatory solitons of U(1)-invariant mKdV equations II: Asymptotic behavior and constants of motion

    OpenAIRE

    Stephen C. Anco; Mia, Abdus Sattar; Willoughby, Mark R.

    2014-01-01

    The Hirota equation and the Sasa-Satsuma equation are U(1)-invariant integrable generalizations of the modified Korteweg-de Vries equation. These two generalizations admit oscillatory solitons, which describe harmonically modulated complex solitary waves parameterized by their speed, modulation frequency, and phase. Depending on the modulation frequency, the speeds of oscillatory waves (1-solitons) can be positive, negative, or zero, in contrast to the strictly positive speed of ordinary soli...

  3. Aplicação de cinzas residuais e de fibra de sisal na produção de argamassas e concretos: Revisão

    OpenAIRE

    Indara Soto Izquierdo; Marcio Antonio Ramalho

    2014-01-01

    The industrial development linked to the growing addiction to con - sumption, obsession with fossil fuels, and general desire for short term profit, cause a certain insensitivity to more sustainable alternatives. The construction industry is a sector in which the incorporation of various types of waste presents as favorable. Three types of waste with different characteristics and origins have proved attractive and advantageous for many developing countries. They are incinerated municipal soli...

  4. Babies, bodies and entitlement: gendered aspects of access to citizenship in the Republic of Ireland

    OpenAIRE

    Garner, Steve

    2007-01-01

    Since the mid-1990s, automatic citizenship for children born in the Republic has been a source of growing debate against a backdrop of increasing immigration and the peace process. In June 2004, the debate culminated in a referendum, opening the way to a constitutional amendment that attaches residence qualifications to the hitherto unfettered entitlement to citizenship available through ius soli. Arguments for the amendment were couched in terms of a threat posed by Third World women having ...

  5. Biblioteca digitale: visione e realtà

    OpenAIRE

    Tammaro, Anna Maria

    2006-01-01

    Sono discussi alcuni temi come: perché la biblioteca digitale richiede una definizione diversa dalla biblioteca tradizionale, quale è il ruolo delle biblioteche digitali, la necessaria cooperazione delle biblioteche digitali verso il sistema delle biblioteche digitali, l’abbattimento di confini tra professioni finora separate, come gli archivisti, i curatori dei musei, i bibliotecari. Il testo completo della dispensa è accessibile ai soli utenti autorizzati.

  6. miRSeqNovel

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Qian, Kui; Auvinen, Eeva; Greco, Dario;

    2012-01-01

    We present miRSeqNovel, an R based workflow for miRNA sequencing data analysis. miRSeqNovel can process both colorspace (SOLiD) and basespace (Illumina/Solexa) data by different mapping algorithms. It finds differentially expressed miRNAs and gives conservative prediction of novel miRNA candidates...... with customized parameters. miRSeqNovel is freely available at http://sourceforge.net/projects/mirseq/files....

  7. An evaluation of Bradfordizing effects

    OpenAIRE

    Mayr, Philipp

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to apply and evaluate the bibliometric method Bradfordizing for information retrieval (IR) experiments. Bradfordizing is used for generating core document sets for subject-specific questions and to reorder result sets from distributed searches. The method will be applied and tested in a controlled scenario of scientific literature databases from social and political sciences, economics, psychology and medical science (SOLIS, SoLit, USB Köln Opac, CSA Sociological ...

  8. MOSAIK: A Hash-Based Algorithm for Accurate Next-Generation Sequencing Short-Read Mapping

    OpenAIRE

    Lee, Wan-Ping; Stromberg, Michael P.; Ward, Alistair; Stewart, Chip; Garrison, Erik P.; Marth, Gabor T.

    2014-01-01

    MOSAIK is a stable, sensitive and open-source program for mapping second and third-generation sequencing reads to a reference genome. Uniquely among current mapping tools, MOSAIK can align reads generated by all the major sequencing technologies, including Illumina, Applied Biosystems SOLiD, Roche 454, Ion Torrent and Pacific BioSciences SMRT. Indeed, MOSAIK was the only aligner to provide consistent mappings for all the generated data (sequencing technologies, low-coverage and exome) in the ...

  9. Comparison of Next-Generation Sequencing Systems

    OpenAIRE

    Lin Liu; Yinhu Li; Siliang Li; Ni Hu; Yimin He; Ray Pong; Danni Lin; Lihua Lu; Maggie Law

    2012-01-01

    With fast development and wide applications of next-generation sequencing (NGS) technologies, genomic sequence information is within reach to aid the achievement of goals to decode life mysteries, make better crops, detect pathogens, and improve life qualities. NGS systems are typically represented by SOLiD/Ion Torrent PGM from Life Sciences, Genome Analyzer/HiSeq 2000/MiSeq from Illumina, and GS FLX Titanium/GS Junior from Roche. Beijing Genomics Institute (BGI), which possesses the world’s ...

  10. Massively Parallel Sequencing Approaches for Characterization of Structural Variation

    OpenAIRE

    Koboldt, Daniel C.; Larson, David E.; Chen, Ken; Ding, Li; Wilson, Richard K.

    2012-01-01

    The emergence of next-generation sequencing (NGS) technologies offers an incredible opportunity to comprehensively study DNA sequence variation in human genomes. Commercially available platforms from Roche (454), Illumina (Genome Analyzer and Hiseq 2000), and Applied Biosystems (SOLiD) have the capability to completely sequence individual genomes to high levels of coverage. NGS data is particularly advantageous for the study of structural variation (SV) because it offers the sensitivity to de...

  11. Drug: D03940 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D03940 Drug Eculizumab (genetical recombination) (JAN); Eculizumab (USAN/INN); Soli...gic organisms and parasites 63 Biological preparations 639 Miscellaneous 6399 Others D03940 Eculizumab (genetica...IMMUNOSUPPRESSANTS L04AA Selective immunosuppressants L04AA25 Eculizumab D03940 Eculizumab (genetical recomb...08310] Others Complement system C5 [HSA:727] [KO:K03994] Eculizumab [ATC:L04AA25] D03940 Eculizumab (genetica

  12. TORSIONAL DEFORMATION AND FATIGUE BEHAVIOUR OF 6061 ALUMINIUM ALLOY

    OpenAIRE

    Marini Marno; Ahmad Badri Ismail

    2012-01-01

    Torsional deformation and fatigue behaviour of both solid and thin-walled tubular specimens were made from as-received and heat treated 6061 aluminium alloy were studied. 6061 aluminium alloy have been widely used as a candidate material in automobile, aerospace, aircraft and structural application because of their superior mechanical properties such as high strength to weight ratio, good ductility and others. The differences in cyclic deformation and fatigue behaviours between round and soli...

  13. Quantitative trait loci pyramiding for fruit quality traits in tomato

    OpenAIRE

    Sacco, Adriana; Di Matteo, Antonio; Lombardi, Nadia; Trotta, Nikita; Punzo, Biancavaleria; Mari, Angela; Barone, Amalia

    2012-01-01

    Fruit quality is a major focus for most conventional and innovative tomato breeding strategies, with particular attention being paid to fruit antioxidant compounds. Tomatoes represent a major contribution to dietary nutrition worldwide and a reservoir of diverse antioxidant molecules. In a previous study, we identified two Solanum pennellii introgression lines (IL7-3 and IL12-4) harbouring quantitative trait loci (QTL) that increase the content of ascorbic acid (AsA), phenols and soluble soli...

  14. Preparation and evaluation of multiple-unit solid oral dosage forms containing chemical permeation enhancing agents / Elmarie Kleynhans

    OpenAIRE

    Kleynhans, Elmarie

    2014-01-01

    The most popular and convenient route of drug administration remains the oral route, however, protein and peptide drugs such as insulin have poor membrane permeability and stability in the gastrointestinal tract. Absorption enhancers can be added to drug delivery systems to overcome the epithelial cell membrane permeability problem. Although previous studies have shown that aloe leaf materials improve the transport of drugs across intestinal epithelia, their performance in soli...

  15. Performance Comparison of Digital microRNA Profiling Technologies Applied on Human Breast Cancer Cell Lines

    OpenAIRE

    Knutsen, Erik; Fiskaa, Tonje; Ursvik, Anita; Jørgensen, Tor Erik; Perander, maria; Lund, Eiliv; Seternes, Ole Morten; Johansen, Steinar

    2013-01-01

    MicroRNA profiling represents an important first-step in deducting individual RNA-based regulatory function in a cell, tissue, or at a specific developmental stage. Currently there are several different platforms to choose from in order to make the initial miRNA profiles. In this study we investigate recently developed digital microRNA high-throughput technologies. Four different platforms were compared including next generation SOLiD ligation sequencing and Illumina HiSeq sequencing, hybr...

  16. Case for diagnosis Caso para diagnóstico

    OpenAIRE

    Felipe Maurício Soeiro Sampaio; Fabrício Tinoco Lourenço; Daniel Lago Obadia; Leninha Valério do Nascimento

    2012-01-01

    Male patient, 28 years old, presented with an asymptomatic yellowish erythematous papule on his right thigh. Excisional biopsy was performed for histopathological examination of the lesion. Multinucleated cells (Touton giant cells) were observed. S100 immunohistochemistry was negative for CD1a and positive for CD4 and CD68. Based on clinical and histopathological findings associated with immunohistochemistry, we concluded that it was a case of adult-type xanthogranuloma. Because it was a soli...

  17. L'integrazione dei minori stranieri non accompagnati. Lo studio di un caso: i minori marocchini tra Khourigba e Roma

    OpenAIRE

    Di Nepi, Edith

    2010-01-01

    La presente ricerca si è proposta di evidenziare le strategie di integrazione ovvero le pratiche di cittadinanza adottate in favore di un particolare segmento dei fenomeni migratori internazionali attuali: quello dei minori stranieri che soli varcano le frontiere del nostro paese alla ricerca di generiche migliori condizioni di vita. La conoscenza del loro patrimonio culturale e l’analisi delle procedure di accoglienza e di integrazione adottate nelle società di accoglienza, rappresentano u...

  18. Maximum power analysis of photovoltaic module in Ramadi city

    OpenAIRE

    Majid Shahatha Salim, Jassim Mohammed Najim, Salih Mohammed Salih

    2013-01-01

    Performance of photovoltaic (PV) module is greatly dependent on the solar irradiance, operating temperature, and shading. Solar irradiance can have a significant impact on power output of PV module and energy yield. In this paper, a maximum PV power which can be obtain in Ramadi city (100km west of Baghdad) is practically analyzed. The analysis is based on real irradiance values obtained as the first time by using Soly2 sun tracker device. Proper and adequate information on solar radiation an...

  19. Transnational Rebellion: The Syrian Revolt of 1925-1927

    OpenAIRE

    Bailony, Reem

    2015-01-01

    This dissertation explores the transnational dimensions of the Syrian Revolt of 1925-1927. By including the activities of Syrian migrants in Egypt, Europe and the Americas, this study moves away from state-centric histories of the anti-French rebellion. Though they lived far away from the battlefields of Syria and Lebanon, migrants championed, contested, debated, and imagined the rebellion from all corners of the mahjar (or diaspora). Skeptics and supporters organized petition campaigns, soli...

  20. Pengaruh Derajat Keasaman dan Konsentrasi Ragi Terhadap Mutu Minuman Beralkohol dari Sirsak

    OpenAIRE

    Silaen, Agam C F

    2015-01-01

    The Effect Of Acidity And Concentration Of Yeast On Quality Of Alcoholic Drink From Soursop. Supervised by SENTOSA GINTING and ISMED SUHAIDI. The aim of this research was to know the effect of acidity and yeast cencentration on quality of alcoholic drink from soursop. This research have been performed using factorial Completely Randomized Design with two factors i.e: acidity (P) : (3, 4, 5 and 6) and yeast concentration (K) : (2%, 3%, 4% dan 5%). Parameters analysed were total soluble soli...

  1. Citizen or Subordinate: Permutations of Belonging in the United States and the Dominican Republic

    OpenAIRE

    Shaina Aber; Mary Small

    2013-01-01

    The Dominican Republic and the United States have both experienced tensions arising from migratory flows from poorer, less stable neighbors. Until recently, both countries had constitutions which conferred citizenship by birth with very limited exceptions. Despite these similarities, their respective discourses around jus soli citizenship, particularly for the children of unauthorized migrants from the poorer neighboring countries, have manifested in different ways. The identity of the United...

  2. Citizen or Subordinate: Permutations of Belonging in the United States and the Dominican Republic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shaina Aber

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available The Dominican Republic and the United States have both experienced tensions arising from migratory flows from poorer, less stable neighbors. Until recently, both countries had constitutions which conferred citizenship by birth with very limited exceptions. Despite these similarities, their respective discourses around jus soli citizenship, particularly for the children of unauthorized migrants from the poorer neighboring countries, have manifested in different ways. The identity of the United States as a nation of immigrants has limited the success of campaigns to revoke jus soli citizenship for the children of unauthorized immigrants, but the persistent articulation of this idea as a response to illegal migration has shifted the parameters of the immigration debate. In the Dominican Republic, the historical construction of national identity and anti-Haitian discourse has led to an evolution in Dominican law which codifies already established practices that deny citizenship to children of Haitian migrants. In both cases, movements that support more inclusive understandings of societal belonging, like the DREAMers in the United States and youth movements in the Dominican Republic, may offer the most effective way of protecting universal jus soli citizenship regimes. 

  3. Posouzení účinnosti čištění odpadních vod pomocí testů ekotoxicity

    OpenAIRE

    Urminská, Barbora

    2015-01-01

    Možnosti kontroly znečistenia životného prostredia sa ustavične zlepšujú a začína sa klásť dôraz na pokročilejšie metódy čistenia odpadových vôd, ako i na dôkladnejšiu kontrolu obsahu kontaminantov vo vyčistených vodách. Vďaka tomu sa okrem chemických analýz stávajú relevantnými tiež ekotoxikologické biotesty ako prostriedky hodnotenia biologických účinkov vypúšťaných vôd na ekosystémy. Žiadna čistiareň nečistí odpadové vody dokonale, iba znižuje znečistenie na prijateľnú mieru. Preto je dôle...

  4. Vliv kogenerace na energetiku a trh s elektrickou energií v ČR

    OpenAIRE

    Dudáš, Michal

    2014-01-01

    Hlavným cieľom diplomovej práce je zistiť vplyv možného budúceho rozvoja kogeneračných technológií na energetický trh v ČR hlavne s väzbou na historický vývoj vo fotovoltaike v ČR a dotačnou politikou štátu. V práci sú navrhnuté tri scenáre nárastu inštalovaného výkonu a výpočet navýšenia príspevku na OZE, ako aj celkové vyhodnotenie. Práca ďalej spracúva rešerš súčasného stavu kombinovanej výroby elektriny a tepla v Českej republike, Európskej únii a USA, ako aj legislatívny rámec problemati...

  5. Zlepšení předpovědi sociálních značek využitím Data Mining

    OpenAIRE

    Harár, Pavol

    2015-01-01

    Diplomová práca sa zaoberá využitím Text miningu ako metódy na predikovanie značiek článkov. Práca popisuje iteratívny spôsob narábania s veľkými súbormi dát, ich rozbor, čistenie a výpočet skóre TF-IDF pre výrazy vyskytujúce sa v článku. Detailne popisuje priebeh programu naprogramovaného v jazyku Python 3.4.3. Výsledkom spracovania viac ako 1 milióna článkov databázy webovej encyklopédie Wikipédia je slovník výrazov anglického jazyka, pomocou ktorej je možné určiť n najdôležitejších výrazov...

  6. What are you waiting for?

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN video productions

    2012-01-01

    Video artists: Sandor Tokai, Gyorgy Ujhazi, Akos Ancsin, Otto Varga (students / video artists at the University of Debrecen, Hungary and highschool students – refer to themselves as the Lightscribblers) Soundtrack: Akos Szilagyi (student and composer from the University of Szeged, Hungary, who goes under the name of Rise of Day) Summary: This video was made as part of the outreach needs for the European Commission Marie Curie Actions of which CERN is a major beneficiary. The emphasis is on reaching out to communicate science and advertise the projects to the general public. The specific aim of this video is to inspire university graduates to start a research career in science and technology. As CERN is such a major beneficiary of funding for the Marie Curie well as to reach the general public who are not aware of CERN and Marie Curie opportunities. Recent experience has shown that there is a lack of good candidates and this video is intended to create an awareness among graduates that CERN and the Marie Cur...

  7. Seasonal Work in Hungary in the Light of Seasonal Work Directive / Sezónna Práca V Maďarsku Vo Svetle Smernice Pre Sezónnu Prácu

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ács Vera

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Smernica tykajuca sa sezonnej prace tvori sučasť sektorovej imigračnej politiky EU, nakoľko po nekvalifi kovanej pracovnej sile v ramci EU jestvuje permanenty dopyt. Smernica zavadza spoločne normy so zjednodušenymi postupmi pre vstup a lepšie vyhliadky na navrat v nasledujucej sezone v odvetviach, ktore su označene ako sezonne - v najvačšej miere je to poľnohospodarstvo, zahradnictvo a cestovny ruch - kde sa vo veľkej miere uplatňuju štatni prislušnici tretich krajin. Ako ochranu proti hospodarskemu a socialnemu vykorisťovaniu, smernica zavadza prava, na ktore maju narok sezonni pracovnici z tretich krajin počas ich pobytu, a ktore pred nekalou suťažou chrania tiež občanov EU pracujucih sezonne. V sučasnosti Maďarsko nie je cieľovou krajinou pre sezonne prace. Smernica nestanovuje len povinnosti pre členske krajiny, ale poskytuje tiež šancu na zatraktivnenie tychto krajin pre dočasnu migraciu

  8. Transcriptome of pancreas-specific Bmpr1a-deleted islets links to TPH1–5-HT axis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fang-Xu Jiang

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Bone morphogenetic protein (BMP signaling is crucial for the development and function of numerous organs, but its role on the function of pancreatic islets is not completely clear. To explore this question, we applied the high throughput transcriptomic analyses on the islets isolated from mice with a pancreas-specific deletion of the gene, Bmpr1a, encoding the type 1a BMP receptor. Consistently, these pBmpr1aKO mice had impaired glucose homeostasis at 3 months, and were more severely affected at 12 months of age. These had lower fasting blood insulin concentrations, with reduced expression of several key regulators of β-cell function. Importantly, transcriptomic profiling of 3-month pBmpr1aKO islets and bioinformatic analyses revealed abnormal expression of 203 metabolic genes. Critically among these, the tryptophan hydroxylase 1 gene (Tph1, encoding the rate-limiting enzyme for the production of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT was the highest over-expressed one. 5-HT is an important regulator of insulin secretion from β cells. Treatment with excess 5-HT inhibited this secretion. Thus our transcriptomic analysis links two highly conserved molecular pathways the BMP signaling and the TPH1–5-HT axis on glucose homeostasis.

  9. Determination of gamma radiation shielding characteristics of some tropical woods

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This study compares the shielding characteristics of twenty-two tropical woods by using gamma scintillation detection method. Woods sourced are Anogeisus Leiocarpus(Ayin), Nesogordonia Papverifera(Oro), Entandrophragma Microphyllum(Anunje), Brachystagia Eurycoma(Ako), Cassia Alata(Asunrun), Afzelia Africana(Apa-Igbo), Khaya Grandifoliala(Gedu), Piptadenistrum Africana(Agbonyin), Nanclea Diderrehii(Opepe), Khaya Ivorensis(Oganwo), Chlorophora Excelsa(Iroko), Masonia altissima(Odogi), Entandrophragma Angolense(Ijebo), Altium Sativum(Ayo), Albizia Zygia(Ayunre), Terminalia Superba(Afara), Cordia Millenii(Omo), Melania(Melania), Pycnanthus Angolensis(Akomu), Triplochitons Scleroxylon(Arere), Pine(Pine), Ceiba Pentradra(Araba). The intensities of the emergent radiation were measured, when each of these woods were placed between a scintillation detector and a standard radioactive source. Analysis of result obtained shows an appreciable evidence of radiation attenuation due to the changes in the chemical composition of the woods and the dependence of the attenuation coefficient on energy and densities of these woods. The descending order of attenuation coefficient determined are; Ayin, Oro, Anuje, Ako, Asunrun, Apa-igbo Gedu, Agbonyin, Opepe Oganwo, Iroko Odogi , Ayo, Ayunre, Afara, Omo, Melania, Akomu, Arere, Pine, Araba. For a constant energy of 0.101MeV, the attenuation coefficient are 0.190cm-1, 0.165cm-1, 0.163cm-1, 0.156cm-1, 0.149cm-1, 0.143cm-1, 0.133cm-1, 0.132cm-1, 0.127cm-1, 0.124cm-1, 0.085cm-1, 0.123cm-1, 0.122cm-1, 0.113cm-1, 0.101cm-1, 0.088cm-1, 0.087cm-1, 0.086cm-1, 0.082cm-1 respectively. The wood in descending order of dependence of attenuation coefficient on density are: Ayin,Oro, Anunje,Ako,Asunrun,Apa-Igbo, Gedu, Agbonyin, Opepe, Oganwo, Iroko, Odogi, Ijebo, Ayo, Ayunre, Afara, Omo, Melania, Akomu, Arere, Pine and Araba. The half value layer shows the thickness at various energy regions.

  10. High-throughput sequencing of three Lemnoideae (duckweeds chloroplast genomes from total DNA.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wenqin Wang

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Chloroplast genomes provide a wealth of information for evolutionary and population genetic studies. Chloroplasts play a particularly important role in the adaption for aquatic plants because they float on water and their major surface is exposed continuously to sunlight. The subfamily of Lemnoideae represents such a collection of aquatic species that because of photosynthesis represents one of the fastest growing plant species on earth. METHODS: We sequenced the chloroplast genomes from three different genera of Lemnoideae, Spirodela polyrhiza, Wolffiella lingulata and Wolffia australiana by high-throughput DNA sequencing of genomic DNA using the SOLiD platform. Unfractionated total DNA contains high copies of plastid DNA so that sequences from the nucleus and mitochondria can easily be filtered computationally. Remaining sequence reads were assembled into contiguous sequences (contigs using SOLiD software tools. Contigs were mapped to a reference genome of Lemna minor and gaps, selected by PCR, were sequenced on the ABI3730xl platform. CONCLUSIONS: This combinatorial approach yielded whole genomic contiguous sequences in a cost-effective manner. Over 1,000-time coverage of chloroplast from total DNA were reached by the SOLiD platform in a single spot on a quadrant slide without purification. Comparative analysis indicated that the chloroplast genome was conserved in gene number and organization with respect to the reference genome of L. minor. However, higher nucleotide substitution, abundant deletions and insertions occurred in non-coding regions of these genomes, indicating a greater genomic dynamics than expected from the comparison of other related species in the Pooideae. Noticeably, there was no transition bias over transversion in Lemnoideae. The data should have immediate applications in evolutionary biology and plant taxonomy with increased resolution and statistical power.

  11. High-resolution analysis of the 5'-end transcriptome using a next generation DNA sequencer.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shin-ichi Hashimoto

    Full Text Available Massively parallel, tag-based sequencing systems, such as the SOLiD system, hold the promise of revolutionizing the study of whole genome gene expression due to the number of data points that can be generated in a simple and cost-effective manner. We describe the development of a 5'-end transcriptome workflow for the SOLiD system and demonstrate the advantages in sensitivity and dynamic range offered by this tag-based application over traditional approaches for the study of whole genome gene expression. 5'-end transcriptome analysis was used to study whole genome gene expression within a colon cancer cell line, HT-29, treated with the DNA methyltransferase inhibitor, 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine (5Aza. More than 20 million 25-base 5'-end tags were obtained from untreated and 5Aza-treated cells and matched to sequences within the human genome. Seventy three percent of the mapped unique tags were associated with RefSeq cDNA sequences, corresponding to approximately 14,000 different protein-coding genes in this single cell type. The level of expression of these genes ranged from 0.02 to 4,704 transcripts per cell. The sensitivity of a single sequence run of the SOLiD platform was 100-1,000 fold greater than that observed from 5'end SAGE data generated from the analysis of 70,000 tags obtained by Sanger sequencing. The high-resolution 5'end gene expression profiling presented in this study will not only provide novel insight into the transcriptional machinery but should also serve as a basis for a better understanding of cell biology.

  12. Derechos Humanos y competencia exclusiva del Estado en materia de nacionalidad (La sentencia de la Corte Interamericana de Derechos Humanos de 28 de agosto de 2104: Caso Personas dominicanas y haitianas expulsadas Vs. Rep??blica Dominicana)

    OpenAIRE

    S??nchez Lorenzo, Sixto A.

    2015-01-01

    La sentencia de la CIDH de 28 de agosto de 2014 obliga a la Rep??blica Dominicana a modificar su Constituci??n para conceder la nacionalidad por ius soli a los hijos de padres extranjeros que residan irregularmente en territorio dominicano. Sobre la base de los derechos humanos a la personalidad jur??dica, a la no discriminaci??n y a la nacionalidad, la CIDH determina un recorte sin precedentes a la competencia exclusiva del Estado en materia de nacionalidad. La presente nota contiene un an??...

  13. The combined treatment of the intrinsic and external contributions to the stability of the nucleic acids containing unnatural nucleosides

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Czernek, Jiří

    Bucharest: World Scientific and Engineerin Academy and Society Press, 2008 - (Iliescu, M.; Munteanu, R.; Frausto-Solis, J.), s. 228-232 ISBN 978-960-474-019-2. [WSEAS International Conference on Mathematical and Computational Methods in Science and Engineering /10./. Bucharest (RO), 07.11.2008-09.11.2008] R&D Projects: GA AV ČR KJB400500602 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z40500505 Keywords : nucleic acid * nucleobase * hydrogen-bonding * stacking Subject RIV: CD - Macromolecular Chemistry http://www.worldses.org/review/index.html

  14. The Distrbution of Various Mercury Species in Soil

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯新斌; 陈业材; 等

    1997-01-01

    According to the mercury species with different solubilities,the analytical procedure involving sequential chemical extraction has been applied to partitioning the mercury species in soils into seven fractions.Soil samples collected from five localities in different areas (the high-mercury ares.the man-made mercury-polluted area and the reference area)were an alyzed for the seven mercury species.It is found that high mercury contents of soils can be attributed to both man-made pollution and geological processes,but the two kinds of solis show obvious differences in the distribution of their mercury species.

  15. Biorremediación de un suelo con diesel mediante el uso de microorganismos autóctonos

    OpenAIRE

    ARRIETA RAMÍREZ OLGA MARIA; RIVERA RIVERA ANGELA PATRICIA; ARIAS MARIN LIDA; ALBERTO ROJANO BENJAMÍN; RUIZ ORLANDO; CARDONA GALLO SANTIAGO ALONSO

    2012-01-01

    En este estudio, se aisló y caracterizó bioquímica y molecularmente un consorcio bacteriano capaz de degradar los diferentes hidrocarburos presentes en un combustible diesel,conformado por los siguientes géneros: Enterobacter sp, Bacillus sp, Staphylococcus aureus, Sanguibacter soli, Arthrobacter sp y Flavobacterium sp, a partir de un suelo contaminado con diesel a escala de laboratorio, y tratado mediante 2 tecnologías de biorremediación: atenuación natural y bioestimulación. Se definió como...

  16. Bioremediation of soil with diesel Through the use of autochthonous microorganisms

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this study was isolated and characterized biochemical and molecular a bacterial consortium able to degrade hydrocarbons several, comprised of the following genres: Enterobacter sp, Bacillus sp, Staphylococcus aureus, Sanguibacter soli, Arthrobacter spy Flavobacterium sp, from soil contaminated with diesel fuel in a laboratory scale, and treated with two technologies for bioremediation: natural attenuation and biostimulation. We obtained a reduction in the concentration of Total Petroleum Hydrocarbons (TPH) in a period of 4 months was 36,86% for natural attenuation and 50,99% for biostimulation.

  17. デカルトの物心二元論再考

    OpenAIRE

    立花, 希一; TACHIBANA, Kiichi

    2008-01-01

    Descartes (lS96-16SOlis the first figure who proposed body-mind dualism based on his own rational arguments, not based on any allegorical or philosophical interpretations of the Bible, which was primarily acceptedas the absolute authority. In this paper I critically examine Descartes' arguments, and point out his wrong strategy. that is, we ought to exclude as false all these things of which we may doubt. I claim that Descartes' philosophical opinion is not the sole absolutely certain truth, ...

  18. Preživljavanje bakterije Listeria monocytogenes u Ayranu, tradicionalnom turskom fermentiranom napitku

    OpenAIRE

    Akkaya, Levent; Kara, Recep; Muduroglu, Raziye; Sagdic, Osman

    2015-01-01

    Ayran je tradicionalni fermentirani mliječni proizvod koji se dobiva miješanjem mlijeka ili jogurta, te vode i soli. U ovom je istraživanju ispitivano preživljavanje soja Listeria monocytogenes 1/2b u uzorcima Ayrana. U tu su svrhu proizvedeni uzorci Ayrana iz jogurta (skupina A i B) ili izravno iz mlijeka (skupina C i D) te kontaminirani dodatkom 1 % kulture soja L. monocytogenes 1/2b u koncentraciji 7 (uzorci A1, B1, C1 i D1) ili 5 (uzorci A2, B2, C2 i D2) log cfu/mL. Time je proizvedeno uk...

  19. HMI Synoptic Maps Produced by NSO/NISP

    CERN Document Server

    Hughes, Anna L H; Marble, Andrew R; Oien, Niles A; Petrie, Gordon; Pevtsov, Alexei A

    2016-01-01

    Recently, the National Solar Observatory (NSO) Solar-atmosphere Pipeline Working Group has undertaken the production of synoptic maps from Helioseismic and Magnetic Imager (HMI) magnetograms. A set of maps has been processed spanning the data available for 2010-2015 using twice daily images (taken at UT midnight and noon) and running them through the same algorithms used to produce SOLIS/VSM 6302l mean-magnetic and spatial-variance maps. The contents of this document provide an overview of what these maps look like, and the processing steps used to generate them from the original HMI input data.

  20. Mechanically Processed Alumina Reinforced Ultra-high Molecular Weight Polyethylene (UHMWPE) Matrix Composites

    OpenAIRE

    Elmkharram, Hesham Moh. A.

    2013-01-01

    Alumina particles filled Ultra-high Molecular Weight Polyethylene (UHMWPE), with Al2O3 contents 0, 1, and 2.5 wt% were milled for up to 10 hours by the mechanical alloying (MA) process performed at room temperature to produce composite powders. Compression molding was utilized to produce sheets out of the milled powders. A partial phase transformation from orthorhombic and amorphous phases to monoclinic phase was observed to occur for both the un-reinforced and reinforced UHMWPE in the soli...

  1. Effect of prefeeding lipid on food intake and satiety in man.

    OpenAIRE

    Sepple, C P; Read, N W

    1990-01-01

    Experiments were carried out in normal volunteers to investigate whether preingestion of lipid reduces food intake. In the first set of experiments, 300 ml beef consomme soup with or without 60 g margarine was fed to each of six volunteers, followed 20 minutes later by either a low fat solid meal or a preselected appetising meal. Subjects were allowed to eat as much of the meal as they wished. Preingestion of the high fat soup had no significant effect on the consumption of either of the soli...

  2. DOSTATAN UNOS JODA U ŠKOLSKE DJECE S PODRUČJA ZAGREBA: PROCJENA ODREĐIVANJEM TIREOGLOBULINA U SUHOJ KAPI KRVI KAO NOVOG FUNKCIONALNOG BILJEGA NEDOSTATNOG UNOSA JODA

    OpenAIRE

    Jukić, Tomislav; Zimmermann, Michael Bruce; Granić, Roko; Prpić, Marin; Krilić, Dražena; Jureša, Vesna; Katalenić, Marijan; Kusić, Zvonko

    2015-01-01

    Metode koje se primjenjuju za procjenu unosa joda u populaciji su mjerenje izlučivanja joda mokraćom (urinary iodine concentration, UIC), procjena stanja gušavosti mjerenjem volumena štitnjače ultrazvukom (Tvol) i tireotropina (TSH) u novorođenčadi. Određivanje biljega tireoglobulina (Tg) u serumu ili suhoj kapi krvi je novi obećavajući funkcionalni biljeg stanja unosa joda u djece. Novi zakon o obveznom univerzalnom jodiranju soli uveden je u Hrvatskoj 1996. s 25 mg kalij-jodida po kilogramu...

  3. A detailed analysis of next generation sequencing reads of microRNA expression in Barrett’s Esophagus: absolute versus relative quantification

    OpenAIRE

    Lee, In-Hee; Hong, Xiaoman; Mathur, Sharad C; Sharma, Mukut; Rastogi, Amit; Sharma, Prateek; Christenson, Lane K.; Bansal, Ajay

    2014-01-01

    Background Next generation sequencing (NGS) is a state of the art technology for microRNA (miRNA) analysis. The quantitative interpretation of the primary output of NGS i.e. the read counts for a miRNA sequence that can vary by several orders of magnitude (1 to 107) remains incompletely understood. Findings NGS (SOLiD 3 technology) was performed on biopsies from 6 Barrett’s esophagus (BE) and 5 Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) patients. Read sequences were aligned to miRBase 18.0. Diffe...

  4. Primena tehnoloških postupaka spontane fermentacije i osmotske dehidratacije za unapređenje nutritivnog profila, senzornih svojstava i održivosti kupusa

    OpenAIRE

    Cvetković, Biljana

    2014-01-01

    U ovom radu je obrađen postupak spontane fermentacije tradicionalnog proizvoda, fermentisanog kupusa u glavicama. U prvom delu urađena je karakterizacija domaće tradicionalne populacije Futoški u odnosu na uvozni hibrid Bravo. Na osnovu PCA analize i analize standardnih ocena SS fizičkih, hemijskih i senzorskih paramentara odabrani su uzorci povoljni za proces fermentacije. Proces fermentacje je obavljen na temperaturama 16-18oC, 18-20oC i 20-20oC, i sa razliĉitim koncentracijama soli ...

  5. Development and characterization of novel medicated hydrogels for wound dressing

    OpenAIRE

    Roy, Niladri; Saha, Nabanita; Kitano, Takeshi; Sáha, Petr

    2010-01-01

    Hydrogely s léčivým účinkem byly asepticky připraveny z polyvinyl pyrolidonu, sodné soli karboxymetylcelulozy a polyetylénglykolu, agaru, glycerolu a/nebo kyseliny borité. Hydrogely byly charakterizovány pomocí optické mikroskopie, botnací studie, infračervené spektroskopie, skenovací elektronové mikroskopie a reologických měření. Výsledky ukazují, že připravené hydrogely mají sílné antimikrobní vlastnosti.

  6. Sezonska variabilnost električne upornosti kambijeve cone izbranih drevesnih vrst v urbanem okolju

    OpenAIRE

    Jager, Dušan

    2014-01-01

    Preučevali smo vitalnost mestnih dreves z merjenjem električne upornosti živihtkiv (CER) v drevesu z instrumentom, imenovanim Tree tester. Meritve smo opravljali enkrat mesečno med rastno sezono 2005, od meseca maja do meseca oktobra. Drevesa smo ocenili tudi vizualno in jih razvrstili v skupine po prizadetosti krošnje zaradi neustrezne nege (obglavljena drevesa) in prizadetosti krošnje zaradi posipnih soli ter zdrava oz. referenčna drevesa. Drevesa smo razvrstili tudi v razširjene debelinske...

  7. Vpliv vrednosti pH baker-etanolaminskih zaščitnih pripravkov na izpiranje

    OpenAIRE

    Pučko, Andrej

    2014-01-01

    Bakrove spojine so učinkoviti in zelo razširjeni fungicidi. Nezadostna fiksacija omejuje uporabo zaščitenega lesa v okoljih, kjer lahko pride do izpiranja aktivnih komponent. Vezavo bakrovih soli v les so v preteklosti reševali z dodajanjem kromovih spojin, danes pa se uveljavlja etanolamin. Z željo izboljšati vezavo baker-etanolaminskih pripravkov smo raziskali vpliv različnih pH vrednosti pripravkov na vezavo zaščitnih sredstev v les. Smrekove vzorce smo po postopku polnih celic impregniral...

  8. Návrh jednotného BI řešení pro sadu nabízených ERP skupiny Solitea

    OpenAIRE

    Sládková, Lenka

    2016-01-01

    Subject of honor thesis is self-service business intelligence. Its goal is to prove that it is pos-sible to create a unified industry-specific dashboard above set of different ERP systems. First part familiarizes readers with the main theme of the paper, business intelligence, and selected tool for dashboard creation, Microsoft Power BI. The next part characterizes Soli-tea holding of which project is used and described later in this paper. There is also a place for analysis of all ERP system...

  9. LIPIDNA PEROKSIDACIJA KOD DIMLJENOG AFRIČKOG SOMA TRETIRANOG MARINADOM Moringa oleifera, SOLJU I BUTIL HIDROKSI ANISOLOM

    OpenAIRE

    Dauda Adeyemi, Kazeem; Ahmed El-Imam, Aminat Mustapha; Oluwatunbo Olorunsanya, Ayotunde; Sola-ojo, Foluke Eunice; Olatunji, Olaife Salome; Okukpe, Kehinde Mathias; Dosunmu, Olusegun Oyeshina; Shittu, Rafiat Morolayo; Ramota Karim, Olayinka; Adewale Fatai, Ismail

    2014-01-01

    Sušena dimljena riba izložena je lipidnoj peroksidaciji, što može smanjiti kvalitetu krajnjeg proizvoda, ali i ugroziti zdravlje potrošača. Ovim istraživanjem ispitanoje potencijalno antioksidantsko djelovanje marinade Moringa oleifera na stabilnost oksidacije kod dimljenog soma te je ono uspoređeno s djelovanjem soli i butil hidroksi anisola (BHA), sintetičkog antioksidanta.Obrađeno je 72 primjeraka soma (208 ± 6 g),a ravnomjerno su raspoređeni u 6 skupina tretiranih antioksidansima te izlož...

  10. Música y matemáticas

    OpenAIRE

    Blázquez Lozano, Rosa Marina

    2014-01-01

    Durante muchos siglos se ha considerado que las matemáticas y la música tienen cierta similitud y comúnmente se dice que tienen al menos cierta relación. Ambas tienen algo de mágico, comenta Tiburcio Solis (2002), son tan abstractas que parecen pertenecer a otro mundo y sin embargo tienen gran poder en este mundo, la música afecta a la escucha y las matemáticas tienen múltiples aplicaciones prácticas. Una parte de las matemáticas estudia los números, sus patrones y formas y estos elementos...

  11. Hydrodynamic and solid residence time distribution in a circulating fluidized bed: experimental and 3D computational study

    OpenAIRE

    Andreux, Régis; Petit, Geoffrey; Hemati, Mehrdji; Simonin, Olivier

    2008-01-01

    Vertical profiles of local pressure, horizontal profiles of net vertical solid mass flux, and residence time distributions (RTD) of the solid phase are experimentally assessed in the riser of a small scale cold Circulating Fluidized Bed of 9 m high having a square cross section of 1111 cm. Air (density 1.2 kg/m3, dynamic viscosity 1.8×10-5 Pa.s) and typical FCC particles (density 1400 kg/m3, mean diameter 70 mm) are used. The superficial gas velocity is kept constant at 7 m/s while the soli...

  12. Stability of some stationary solutions to the forced KdV equation with one or two bumps

    OpenAIRE

    Chardard, Frederic; Dias, Frederic; Nguyen, Hai Yen; Vanden-broeck, Jean-Marc

    2011-01-01

    Free-surface flows past submerged obstacles in a channel are considered. The fluid is assumed to be inviscid and incompressible and the flow to be irrotational. The first-order approximation of long nonlinear surface waves over one or two bumps results in a forced Korteweg-de Vries (fKdV) equation. Solutions of the stationary fKdV equation are constructed and their stability is studied, either analytically or numerically. These various solutions include solitary waves over a single bump, soli...

  13. Biological Treatment of Wastewater by Sequencing Batch Reactors

    OpenAIRE

    Tsvetko Prokopov; Dasha Mihaylova; Nikolay Mihalkov

    2014-01-01

    In the present paper the operation of wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) in the town of Hisarya which includes a biological stage with aeration basins of cyclic type (SBR-method) was studied. The values of the standard indicators of input and output water from the wastewater treatment plant were evaluated. Moreover, the reached effects due to the biological treatment of the wastewater in terms of the COD (95.7%), BOD5 (96.6%), total nitrogen (81.3%), total phosphorus (53.7%) and suspended soli...

  14. Comparison of MicroRNA Deep Sequencing of Matched Formalin-Fixed Paraffin-Embedded and Fresh Frozen Cancer Tissues

    OpenAIRE

    Wei Meng; McElroy, Joseph P.; Stefano Volinia; Jeff Palatini; Sarah Warner; Ayers, Leona W; Kamalakannan Palanichamy; Arnab Chakravarti; Tim Lautenschlaeger

    2013-01-01

    MicroRNAs regulate several aspects of tumorigenesis and cancer progression. Most cancer tissues are archived formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded (FFPE). While microRNAs are a more stable form of RNA thought to withstand FFPE-processing and degradation there is only limited evidence for the latter assumption. We examined whether microRNA profiling can be successfully conducted on FFPE cancer tissues using SOLiD ligation based sequencing. Tissue storage times (2-9 years) appeared to not affect...

  15. Genomic research for important pathogenic bacteria in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YANG RuiFu; GUO XiaoKui; YANG Jian; JIANG YongQiang; PANG Bo; CHEN Chen; YAO YuFeng; QIN JinHong; LI QingTian

    2009-01-01

    Rapid accumulation of bacterial genomic data offered an unprecedented opportunity to understand bacterial biology from a holistic view of point. We can thus closely look at the way in which a pathogen is evolved, and these data has been applied to molecular epidemiology and microbial forensics, and screening of novel diagnostic, vaccine and drug targets. The newly developed high-throughput low-cost sequencing technologies, such as 454, Solexa and SOLiD, will promote the acquisition and application of genomic data in new research areas that we dared not imagine previously, such as the metagenomics of human gastric-intestinal tract, for better and comprehensive understanding of human health and disease.

  16. Comparing Platforms for C. elegans Mutant Identification Using High-Throughput Whole-Genome Sequencing

    OpenAIRE

    Shen, Yufeng; Sarin, Sumeet; Liu, Ye; Hobert, Oliver; Pe'er, Itsik

    2008-01-01

    Background Whole-genome sequencing represents a promising approach to pinpoint chemically induced mutations in genetic model organisms, thereby short-cutting time-consuming genetic mapping efforts. Principal Findings We compare here the ability of two leading high-throughput platforms for paired-end deep sequencing, SOLiD (ABI) and Genome Analyzer (Illumina; “Solexa”), to achieve the goal of mutant detection. As a test case we used a mutant C. elegans strain that harbors a mutation in the lsy...

  17. Intoxicaciones agudas en Santiago de Compostela,en un período de cuatro años

    OpenAIRE

    Fernández, P.; M. Ortega; A.M. Bermejo; M.J. Tabernero; M. López Rivadulla; ME Concheiro

    2003-01-01

    El objetivo de este trabajo fue evaluar las caracterís-ticas de un grupo de pacientes intoxicados en el área sanitaria deSantiago de Compostela. Para ello, se estudiaron 1192 intoxica-ciones agudas atendidas en el Servicio de Urgencias y Unidadde Cuidados Intensivos del Hospital Clínico Universitario deesta ciudad, desde el 1 de enero de 1993 al 31 de diciembre de1996. Se han considerado solo aquellos casos en los que se soli-citó un análisis toxicológico a este Instituto de Medicina Legal,de...

  18. Seasonal cycle of hydrography in the Bab el Mandab region, southern Red Sea

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Saafani, M.A.A.; Shenoi, S.S.C.

    circulation where a fresh inflow prevails over a hypersaline outflow. During this period, the upper layer ( 80 m deep) expe- riences an inflow while the deeper layer (below 80 m) experiences an outflow (Maillard and Soli- man 1986; Murray and Johns 1997... winds. It is possible that the pocket of warm fresh water found on the western side ( g- ure 5d and e) near the sill is a manifestation of downwelling. The model studies of So anos and Johns (2003) also indicate wind induced upwelling along the eastern...

  19. El papel del catalizador usado de craqueo catalítico (fcc) como material puzolánico en el proceso de corrosión de armaduras de hormigón

    OpenAIRE

    ZORNOZA GÓMEZ, EMILIO MANUEL

    2008-01-01

    El principal problema que afecta a la vida útil de las estructuras de hormigón armado es la corrosión de las armaduras. Los riesgos más importantes para dicha corrosión son la carbonatación del recubrimiento de hormigón y el ingreso de iones cloruro. Por estas razones, la investigación en nuevos conglomerantes que favorezcan la resistencia a la corrosión de las armaduras es un campo de interés para la ingeniería civil. El catalizador de craqueo catalítico (FCC) es un material de base soli...

  20. Značenje halofilnih bakterija u preradi mesa i ribe

    OpenAIRE

    Mioković, Branimir; Zdolec, Nevijo

    2004-01-01

    Soljenje, kao najstariji oblik konzerviranja hrane na razvoj mikroorganizama djeluje na način da sol oduzima vodu, a kao posljedica toga je sistiranje rasta, sporuliranje ili ugibanje bakterija. Bakterije koje mogu živjeti u medijima s povećanom količinom soli nazivaju se halofilne bakterije. U okviru ovog rada prikazali smo vrste i značenje halofilnih bakterija u preradi namirnica životinjskog podrijetla. Vrsta i broj bakterija u soljenim namirnicama različita je, a ovisi o mnogim čimben...

  1. LE STAZIONI DI APPRENDIMENTO: ESEMPI DIDATTICI PER UN APPROCCIO DI TIPO GLOBALE ALL’INSEGNAMENTO DELLA LINGUA ITALIANA A STRANIERI

    OpenAIRE

    Antonietta Gobbis; Marco Paoli Legler

    2015-01-01

    Il metodo, che si rifà alle teorie pedagogiche di Maria Montessori (1870-1952), è un esempio di lezione “aperta” fondato su pratiche che attivano la sfera emozionale, sensoriale e relazionale oltre a quella logico-razionale della mente. Nel processo di apprendimento di conoscenze acquisite non solo attraverso l’ascolto delle parole dell’insegnante, ma anche attraverso esperienze scelte autonomamente e consapevolmente da soli e in gruppo, l’ambiente delle stazioni didattiche offre tutto il mat...

  2. A Whole-Genome Single Nucleotide Polymorphism-Based Approach To Trace and Identify Outbreaks Linked to a Common Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica Serovar Montevideo Pulsed-Field Gel Electrophoresis Type▿†

    OpenAIRE

    den Bakker, Henk C.; Moreno Switt, Andrea I; Cummings, Craig A.; Hoelzer, Karin; Degoricija, Lovorka; Rodriguez-Rivera, Lorraine D; Wright, Emily M.; Fang, Rixun; Davis, Margaret; Root, Tim; Schoonmaker-Bopp, Dianna; Musser, Kimberlee A.; Villamil, Elizabeth; Waechter, HaeNa; Kornstein, Laura

    2011-01-01

    In this study, we report a whole-genome single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP)-based evolutionary approach to study the epidemiology of a multistate outbreak of Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serovar Montevideo. This outbreak included 272 cases that occurred in 44 states between July 2009 and April 2010. A case-control study linked the consumption of salami made with contaminated black and red pepper to the outbreak. We sequenced, on the SOLiD System, 47 isolates with XbaI PFGE pattern JIX...

  3. Semi-solid Processing of Al-7Graghite Composite

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    Al-7graphite composite was processed using Al-7graphite mush y prepared by electromagnetic-mechanical stirring method, and the infl uence of solid fraction on the distributing of graphite particles in i ngot was studied. The results shows that the relationship between soli d fraction and stirring temperature of mushy is: =591.50.897 (where i s the solid fraction, is the stirring temperature). For Al-7graphite composite, with the increasing of solid fraction, the aggregation exte nt of graphite particles reduced gradually, and when solid fraction wa s larger than 30%, graphite particles could distribute evenly in ingot .

  4. Akreditacija analitičkih laboratorija i provjera vrsnosti rada: iskustva Tajlanda u svezi s analizom pesticida

    OpenAIRE

    Vongbuddhapitak, Amara; Pavittranon, Sumol; Tayaputch, Nuansri; Issaravanich, Somchai; Sinhaseni, Palarp

    1999-01-01

    Ekonomski rast Tajlanda usko je vezan s proizvodnjom oslonjenom na poljoprivredu. Stoga ova zemlja pridaje veliku važnost međunarodnim normama koje usklađuju međunarodni promet hrane i štite zdravlje potrošača od kemikalija bilo u obliku aditiva ili kao onečišćivala (engl. contaminant). U Tajlandu su u širokoj primjeni antikolinesterazni i piretroidni pesticidi, derivati kumarina, soli bi-piridinija te donekle organoklorirani spojevi kao što je DDT koji se rabi za kontrolu malarije. Testiranj...

  5. Territorialisation et circulation des échanges sociaux dans deux sites de la banlieue parisienne

    OpenAIRE

    Benveniste, Annie

    2000-01-01

    L'article analyse la construction de nouvelles territorialités en liaison avec le développement des mouvements ethno-religieux. Deux sites ont été choisis qui avaient fait l'objet d'une recherche sur la ségrégation résidentielle : Sarcelles et Garges-les-Gonesse. L'analyse porte d'abord sur les transformations des espaces, leur appropriation et la recombinaison du public et du privé qui permet de s'émanciper des contraintes de la relégation. Elle porte ensuite sur les nouvelles formes de soli...

  6. Online control message aggregation in chain networks

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Bienkowski, M.; Byrka, J.; Chrobak, M.; Jeż, Ł.; Sgall, Jiří; Stachowiak, G.

    Berlin: Springer, 2013 - (Dehne, F.; Solis-Oba, R.; Sack, J.), s. 133-145. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science. 8037). ISBN 978-3-642-40103-9. ISSN 0302-9743. [International Symposium, WADS 2013, /13./. London (CA), 12.08.2013-14.08.2013] R&D Projects: GA AV ČR IAA100190902; GA ČR GBP202/12/G061 Keywords : chain networks * control messages * control packets Subject RIV: BA - General Mathematics http://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007%2F978-3-642-40104-6_12

  7. Funkcionalne osobine sojeva bakterija mlečne kiseline i mikrokoka u sredini sličnoj mesnoj masi sirovih kobasica kao modelu

    OpenAIRE

    Jorgova, Katja; Danov, Kamen; Gradinarska, Dijana; Kuzelov, Aco; Taskov, Nako; Saneva, Dusica

    2014-01-01

    U ovom radu su ispitivana potencijalna probiotska svojstva bakterija Lactobacillus Plantarum soj L 24 - 2, Lactococcus lactis biovar diacetilactis soj N 237 i Micrococcus sp. Utvrđeno je da mikrobne vrste pokazuju sposobnost za preživljavanje pod uslovima visoke koncentracije žučnih soli (2,0%) i niskog pH (2.0). Ova sposobnost varira kod različitih ispitivanih bakterija, ali sve one ostaju životno sposobne do kraja eksperimenata. Ovo, zajedno sa dokazanom antimikrobnom akti...

  8. Design and development of batch type acetifier for wine-vinegar production

    OpenAIRE

    Singh, R.; Singh, S

    2007-01-01

    A batch type acetifier based on the principal of acetic acid fermentation was designed and tested for production of wine-vinegar from the pineapple peel waste. The pineapple peels along with starter solution was fed to the inner SS perforated peel-solid separator tank 130 mm dia having perforations of 50 mm size. The concentric perforated peel-solid separator circular tank was fitted inside the collecting tank having 255 mm dia. The pineapple peels and starter solution in perforated peel-soli...

  9. Lietuvos ir Europos Sąjungos socialinių – ekonominių modelių lyginamoji analizė: darbo rinkos reguliavimas

    OpenAIRE

    Gliosaitė, Kristina

    2007-01-01

    Pastarąjį dešimtmetį dėl vis didėjančio globalizacijos tempo vienu iš aktualiausių debatų ekonomikos srityje tapo konkurencingumas. Jis dažnai siejamas su valstybių ekonominio potencialo vystymu, kurį įtakoja ne tik atskiros ekonomikos šakos ar įmonės, tačiau ir valstybinis sektorius, pasitelkdamas reguliacinę politiką. Ji sukuria tam tikrą veikimo rėmą – nustato privačių veikėjų elgesio taisykles, ir tokiu būdu įtakoja atskirų rinkų, tokių kaip prekių, kapitalo, darbo jėgos funkcionavimą bei...

  10. Návrh transformační stanice pro vyvedení výkonu z kogenerační jednotky

    OpenAIRE

    Pastorek, Jaroslav

    2012-01-01

    Diplomová práca sa zaoberá problematikou návrhu transformačnej stanice pre vyvedenie výkonu z kogeneračnej jednotky o elektrickom výkone do 1 MW. V práci je vypracovaný postup navrhovania jednotlivých zariadení ako je transformátor s menovitým prevodom 22/0,4 kV, rozvádzač VN a rozvádzač NN. Pri správnom výbere transformátoru sa okrem technických parametrov posudzuje najmä jeho ekonomická výhodnosť, ktorá vychádza z jeho nákupnej ceny a nákladov na straty pri danej prevádzke transformátora. N...

  11. Koncept kreativnog grada u razvoju turizma Novog Sada

    OpenAIRE

    Kliček, Tamara

    2014-01-01

    U ovoj disertaciji primenjen je novi pristup koji za razvojni potencijal grada i urbanog turizma uzima kreativnost. Važno je razumeti i shvatiti da život gradu daju njegovi stanovnici i što je bolji kvalitet života u gradu, bolji će biti njegovi građani, a i sam grad će oživeti. Mnogi gradovi gube bitku sa destruktivnim silama, jer su se pomirili sa mišlju da su problemi toliko veliki i da se sa njima ne može izaći na kraj, pogotovo ako svi planski instrument...

  12. Separace drobných kapiček rozptýlených v proudu páry

    OpenAIRE

    Miček, Michal

    2015-01-01

    Táto diplomová práca sa zaoberá separáciou kvapôčiek vody z prúdu pary. Uvedené sú niektoré základne princípy odlučovania vlhkosti a častíc ako aj zariadenia, ktoré pracujú na týchto princípoch. Ďalej sa v práci nachádza aj časť venovaná tvorbe kvapôčiek vody pri kondenzácií vodnej pary. Posledná časť práce je zameraná na návrh cyklónového odlučovača.

  13. Sport i nasilje: prilog etičkim, sociologijskim i psihoneurobiologijskim razmatranjima

    OpenAIRE

    Muzur, Amir; Rinčić, Iva

    2011-01-01

    Premda neki autori ističu da (navijačko) nasilje u sportu uopće nije moguće objasniti, ovaj članak pokušava poći korak dalje od uobičajenog traženja najčešćeg uzroka nasilja među navijačima u "ventilu" za šire društvene tenzije i individualne frustracije, alkoholu i sl. Ne negirajući ove motive, autori ovog članka svrstavaju ih u epifenomene i "okidače", a zagovaraju tezu da je nasilje nekim – ujedno i najpopularnijim – sportovima imanentno, osobito ako ti sportovi zadovoljavaju uvjet da izra...

  14. Aplikace systému jakosti v obchodní firmě s chemickými látkami

    OpenAIRE

    Pavlovičová, Adriána

    2015-01-01

    Diplomová práca definuje systém manažérstva kvality a environmentu, ich aplikácie, tak ako sú požadované normami. Pre bližšie špecifikovanú slovenskú obchodnú spoločnosť sú vypracované dokumenty týchto manažérskych systémov, podľa príslušných platných noriem. Podľa požiadaviek STN EN ISO 9001 je vypracovaná príručka a politika kvality. Podľa požiadaviek STN EN ISO 14001 je vypracovaná príručka a politika environmentu.

  15. Senzorické zařízení s Windows 10 IoT Core

    OpenAIRE

    Vaľuš, Dávid

    2016-01-01

    Táto práca sa zaoberá inštaláciou systému Windows 10 IoT Core na mikropočítač Raspberry Pi 2 a vytvorením AllJoyn aplikácie na meranie svetelnosti, teploty a vlhkosti vzduchu cez bluetooth rozhranie. V teoretickej časti sú popísané technológie ako M2M (Machine to Machine), IoT (Internet of Things), ich aktuálne nasadenie, vývoj do budúcnosti a platforma AllJoyn. Ďalej je v teoretickej častí porovnanie operačných systémov dostupných pre Raspberry Pi 2. V praktickej časti som sa venoval samotne...

  16. Moderní hermeticky těsná osvětlovací jednotka do extrémních podmínek

    OpenAIRE

    Šerík, Martin

    2011-01-01

    Práca sa zaoberá rešeršou dostupných riešení pri výbere komponentov pre hermeticky tesnú osvetľovaciu jednotku do extrémnych podmienok a jej zostrojením. Po porovnaní jednotlivých parametrov sa vybrali ako zdroj energie 4 AAA batérie eneloop od firmy Sanyo, zdrojom svetla je vysokosvietivá LED CREE XP-G a riadiacou jednotkou mikrokontrolér ATtiny24 od firmy Atmel. Interakcia s užívateľom je realizovaná pomocou bezkontaktného kapacitného ovládania a nabíjanie svietidla prebieha bezkontaktným s...

  17. Mapování a optimalizace hodnotového toku

    OpenAIRE

    Gašpierik, Andrej

    2015-01-01

    Cieľom diplomovej práce je použitie metódy mapovania hodnotového toku (Value Stream Mapping, VSM) ako vizuálneho prostriedku k popisu zefektívnenia výrobného procesu vibračných zváracích strojov v spoločnosti Emerson Industrial Automation, a.s. v Novom Meste nad Váhom. Obsahuje popisy a porovnanie softwarovej podpory pre VSM. Teoretická časť popisuje dôvody vzniku štíhlej výroby a rozoberá náplň a postup mapovania hodnotového toku a ukazovatele s ním spojené.

  18. Teisės į privatų gyvenimą gynimas baudžiamosios teisės požiūriu

    OpenAIRE

    Stanislauskienė, Edita

    2010-01-01

    Santrauka Lietuvos Respublikos Konstitucijoje įrašytas reikalavimas gerbti privatų gyvenimą reiškia nuostatą be reikalo neapriboti asmens teisių. Egzistuojant galimybei įstatymų leidėjui pasirinkti, kurios teisės šakos normomis apibrėžti tam tikrus teisės pažeidimus ir kokias sankcijas už juos nustatyti, asmuo privatumą gali ginti pasitelkęs civilinės, administracinės ar baudžiamosios teisės normas. Galimais privataus gyvenimo pažeidimais baudžiamosios teisės kontekste laikomi nepagrįstas įsi...

  19. Systém dôchodkového zabezpečenia vo vybratých krajinách Európy

    OpenAIRE

    Peter Sika

    2004-01-01

    Chudoba predstavuje celosvetový problém, s ktorým zápasia aj najrozvinutejšie krajiny sveta. Na Slovensku sa pojem chudoba začal dostávať do povedomia občanov po novembri 1989, kedy sa začali prejavovať prvé vážnejšie sociálno-ekonomické problémy krajiny. V Slovenskej republike sa namiesto pojmu chudoba používajú skôr synonymá chudoby ako: sociálne slabí obyvatelia, nízkopríjmové domácnosti a predovšetkým pojem hmotná núdza, ktorý je aj legislatívne vymedzený a je vlastne označením pre chudob...

  20. Restauracije mliječnih zuba cirkonijskim krunicama kod djece s ranim karijesom

    OpenAIRE

    Karaca, Serhat; Ozbay, Gizem; Kargul, Betul

    2013-01-01

    Rani dječji karijes (ECC) razarajući je oblik truljenja zuba koji pogađa predškolsku djecu. Obično se pojavljuje na mliječnim maksilarnim sjekutićima dojenčadi i vrlo male djece. Ti su zubi vrlo važni za fizički izgled, pa ako nestane njihova struktura to ne utječe samo na estetiku nego kompromitira i žvakanje, a uzrokuje i teškoće u socijalnoj i psihološkoj prilagodbi djeteta. Estetska restauracija mliječnih sjekutića može se obaviti različitim materijalima, primjerice, gotovim cirkonij...

  1. Minimally invasive veneers: current state of the art

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vanlıoğlu BA

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Burçin Akoğlu Vanlioğlu, Yasemin Kulak-Özkan University of Marmara, Department of Prosthetic Dentistry, Istanbul, TurkeyAbstract: Ceramic veneers are considered a conservative solution for patients requiring improvement of the shape, color, or position of their anterior teeth. Ceramic veneers have been extensively and successfully used to mask intrinsic staining, to give the appearance of straightening, and to correct minor malformations of anterior teeth without the removal of substantial amounts of sound tooth substance. The current literature was reviewed to search for the most important parameters determining the long-term success and correct application of ceramic veneers. Keywords: ceramic veneers, esthetic treatment

  2. Stirlingův motor jako součást energetických zdrojů kosmických sond a mimozemských základen

    OpenAIRE

    Kmeť, Jozef

    2013-01-01

    Táto bakalárska práca sa zaoberá problematikou výroby elektrickej energie potrebnej na prieskumných misiách vo vesmíre. V prvej časti je stručný prehľad spôsobov, ktoré využívajú vesmírne agentúry ako NASA. Ďalej sa zaoberá vývojom Stirlingovho motora pre vesmírne aplikácie. Konštrukciou a výhodami, ktoré plynú s jeho použitia. V druhej časti pojednáva o teoretickom výpočte jednotky s výkonom 1 kilowatt.

  3. Dijalektika samoće

    OpenAIRE

    Paz, Octavio

    1991-01-01

    Samoća - osjećaj i spoznaja da si sam, otuđen od svijeta i od sebe sama - nije isključivo meksička osobina. Svi se ljudi, u nekom trenutku života, osjećaju usamljenima. A oni to i jesu, živjeti znači biti odijeljen od onoga što smo bili da bismo se približili onome što ćemo biti u tajnovitoj budućnosti. Samoća je najdublja činjenica ljudskog postojanja. Čovjek je jedno biće koje zna da je samo i jedino koje traži drugo. Njegova priroda - ako se ta riječ može upotrijebiti u odnosu na čovjeka, ...

  4. Internet i videoigre: uzročnici povećane agresivnosti među mladima

    OpenAIRE

    Ružić, Nataša

    2011-01-01

    Porast nasilja među mladima jedan je od najvećih problema suvremenog društva. Mnogi stručnjaci smatraju da odgovornost za to snose obitelj, škola i mediji. Digitalna generacija provodi većinu slobodnog vremena na internetu i usvaja vrijednosti koje joj nameću mediji. Prema mjerilima suvremenog društva osoba je uspješna ako je slavna, bez obzira na to kako je stekla slavu, stoga je razumljivo da mladi ljudi, željni publiciteta, na različite načine pokušavaju privući pažnju. Jedan od najbrži...

  5. Prevalencija i težina dentalne fluoroze u endemskim područjima fluora; Haryana u I ndiji: epidemiološka studija

    OpenAIRE

    Marya, Charu Mohan; Ashokkumar, BR; Dahiya, Vandana; Gupta, Anil

    2010-01-01

    Fluor se često naziva “dvostranim mačem” zbog pozitivnog učinka u idealnim dozama i štetnoga u slučaju prevelikih količina. Njegov unos sprječava nastanak zubnog karijesa, no ako se pretjera u razdoblju kada se formira caklina može se pojaviti caklinska fluoroza. Ispitanici i postupci: Trideset sela iz dvaju područja Haryane klasificiralo se prema različitim razinama fluora u vodi za piće. Ukupno je bilo pregledano 3007 učenika iz ruralne populacije u dobi između 12 i 16 godina. Endemska konc...

  6. Detekce překážek

    OpenAIRE

    Hradiský, Marek

    2016-01-01

    Diplomová práca sa zaoberá návrhom a popisom realizácie snímania obrazu pomocou minipočítača Raspberry PI a moţnosťou detekcie objektu v obraze. V práci je popísaný minipočítač Raspberry PI ako aj snímanie obrazu modulom PiCamera a princíp spracovania obrazu prostredníctvom OpenCV. Diploma thesis deals with design and the processing of video captured by Raspberry PI and the possibility of object detection in video. In this thesis is described Raspberry PI as well as video capturing by PiCa...

  7. Keynesov animal spirit. Filozofski aspekti učenja Johna Maynarda Keynesa o uzrocima ekonomskih kriza i opravdanju državne intervencije

    OpenAIRE

    Dragojević Mijatović, Aneli

    2013-01-01

    Klasična i neoklasična ekonomska misao, na koju se naslanja današnji neoliberalni princip, poima slobodno tržište kao savršeni mehanizam koji je, ako se i poremeti, sposoban samostalno se vratiti u ravnotežu. Britanski ekonomist John Maynard Keynes još za Velike Depresije 1929. uočava da ne postoji jamstvo za takvo što jer tržište nije zbroj racionalnih individua. Prema Keynesu, čovjek djeluje prema osjećaju, slučaju i hiru, kao iracionalnim porivima koji su, međutim, u epistemički ograničeni...

  8. Univerzální modul pro přenos naměřených dat prostřednictvím WiFi

    OpenAIRE

    Vitek, Juraj

    2014-01-01

    Táto práca opisuje problematiku prenosu dát pomocou bezdrôtového prenosu. Rozoberá teoreticky problematiku počítačových sietí, základne prenosové protokoly a ich použitie. Ďalej sú opísané štandardy a mechanizmy bezdrôtového prenosu a podrobne popísaný postup prenosu dát pomocou WiFi siete. V praktickej časti je opísaný prvotný prototyp a základné funkcie prototypu ako aj jednotlivých komponentov.

  9. Software pro biometrické rozpoznávání duhovky lidského oka

    OpenAIRE

    Maruniak, Lukáš

    2015-01-01

    V mojej práci sa zaoberám úlohou rozpoznania ľudskej dúhovky zo snímku za pomoci použitia evolučných algoritmov. Práca sa v úvode zaoberá otázkou biometrie, jej významom a základnými pojmami, s ktorými sa v texte neskor stretávam. Následne popisujem proces rozpoznania dúhovky ako aj teóriu evolučných algoritmov. V implementačnej časti popisujem návrh a implementáciu riešenia detekcie dúhovky za pomoci evolučných algoritmov, pričom kladiem doraz na detekciu okrajov zreničky a dúhovky....

  10. Sukralosa - nově povolené sladidlo v České republice

    OpenAIRE

    Chlebcová, Lenka

    2011-01-01

    Táto bakalárska práca sa zaoberá témou náhradného sladidla sukralózy. Pozornosť je venovaná spôsobu výroby, použitiu, jej vlastnostiam ako je sladkosť, chutnosť a vplyvu na ľudské zdravie, toxicite. V potravinárskom priemysle sa využíva hlavne vďaka svojej vysokej sladkosti a nízkej energetickej hodnote. Sukralózu možno stanoviť kapilárnou elektroforézou, kvapalinovou chromatografiou.

  11. Didelio meistriškumo įvairių sporto šakų sportininkų fizinio išsivystymo, fizinio ir funkcinio pajėgumo adaptaciniai ypatumai

    OpenAIRE

    Tubelis, Linas; Skernevičius, Juozas; Milašius, Kazys; Dadelienė, Rūta

    2006-01-01

    Kiekvienos sporto šakos varžybinė veikla yra savita, todėl ir atskirų šakų sportininkams reikia tam tikrų specialių bruožų. Dėl treniruotės ir varžybų krūvių poveikio sportininkų organizme vyksta skirtingi adaptaciniai pakitimai. Yra sporto šakų, kuriose pranašumas teikiamas didelio ūgio sportininkams, tačiau daugumoje sporto šakų puikių sportinių rezultatų gali siekti ir vidutinio arba net mažo ūgio sportininkai. Norint palyginti atskirų sporto šakų savitą poveikį sportininkų organizmui, tyr...

  12. Produkce extracelulárních hydroláz pomocí specifických druhů plísní

    OpenAIRE

    Pokrývková, Zuzana

    2015-01-01

    Táto bakalárska práca je zameraná na štúdium možností produkcie extracelulárnych hydrolytických enzýmov plesňou Penicillium lilacinum na dvoch substrátoch. Teoretická časť práce je zameraná na charakterizáciu vybraných hydrolytických enzýmov, ich vlastnosti, možnosť produkcie a ich aplikácie. V experimentálnej časti boli hydrolytické enzýmy produkované plesňou Penicillium lilacinum pri statickej kultivácií v minerálnom médiu a v médiu kde ako substrát boli použité kmene kvasiniek Sporobolomyc...

  13. Primjena zrakoplova pri gašenju požara

    OpenAIRE

    Rosavec, Roman; Španjol, Željko; Barčić, Damir; Palčić, Domagoj

    2014-01-01

    Svaki požar može se ugasiti kantom vode ako vatrogasac dovoljno brzo stigne do njega. Navedena tvrdnja upućuje na ključnu povezanost vremena reakcije na pojavu požara i utroška resursa za gašenje. U nastojanju smanjivanja broja početaka požara, uspješna služba zaštite od požara je ona koja ugasi sve požare dok još ne zahvate veliko područje. Požar ima kumulativno djelovanje, ne ponaša se i ne širi kao linearna funkcija, kako vremena tako i prostora. Požar nastaje kao posljedica zapaljivosti n...

  14. Sledovanie vplyvu extrémnych podmienok a prídavku biopaliva na gumové tesnenia

    OpenAIRE

    Dubovský, Michal; Olšovský, Milan

    2012-01-01

    Nová legislatíva Európskej únie navrhuje hľadať nové ekologické alternatívy k tradičným palivám, ktoré by mali byť plnohodnotnou náhradou za letecký benzín a petrolej. V leteckých turbokompresorových motoroch sa používajú ako komerčne vyrábané materiály gumové tesnenia na báze NBR, ktorý je charakteristický neobvyklou kombináciou fyzikálnych vlastností. Tieto tesnenia boli vystavené extrémnym podmienkam počas 136 dní, ktoré simulujú prevádzkové podmienky. Boli vybraté podmienky -21 °C a...

  15. Návrh podnikatelského plánu a strategie rozvoje podniku

    OpenAIRE

    Hliničan, Marek

    2013-01-01

    Predmetom tejto diplomovej práce je vypracovanie podnikateľského zámeru pre založenie malej firmy podnikajúcej v oblasti informačných technológií. V teoretickej časti práce sú obsiahnuté teoretické východiská práce a vysvetlenie základných pojmov a konkrétnych metód. Výstupom analytickej časti práce je PESTEL a SWOT analýza spoločnosti a jej okolia. Práca by mala slúžiť ako pomocné vodítko pre zostavenie kvalitného podnikateľského zámeru z teoretického hľadiska. The subject of this thesis ...

  16. Palivový článek jako alternativní zdroj el. energie

    OpenAIRE

    Kürthy, Marián

    2009-01-01

    Práca sa zaoberá technológiou palivových článkov, princípom palivových článkov a ich rozdelením. Taktiež je predstavená možnosť využitia zemného plynu ako paliva pre palivové články. V záverečnej časti práce sú uvedené dve varianty použitia palivového článku v mikrokogenerácii a technicko - ekonomické zhodnotenie mikrokogeneračnej jednotky s palivovým článkom použitej v týchto variantách.

  17. Lauko reklamos poveikis vartotojų poreikių suvokimui

    OpenAIRE

    Žak, Inga

    2014-01-01

    DARBO SANTRAUKA Nors lauko reklama, laikoma viena seniausių reklamos skleidimo būdų, tačiau Lietuvoje, sparčiai ėmė plėtotis, tik pastarąjį dešimtmetį. Iki 1994 metų, kai susikūrė pirmosios lauko reklamos įmonės, šioje srityje verslu užsiėmė tik pavieniai, privatūs asmenys, dažnai net nelegaliai. Tik per pastarąjį dešimtį metų visuomenė ir valstybinės struktūros šiam verslui ėmė skirti daugiau dėmesio. Taigi suvokiant šios gana naujos ekonomikos šakos svarbą ir naudą buvo pasirinkta, nagrinėt...

  18. Návrh marketingové strategie pro high-tech firmu

    OpenAIRE

    Drgonec, Igor

    2016-01-01

    Diplomová práca sa zaoberá využitím marketing a jeho pod kategórie online marketingu na vytvorenie obecného postupu alebo návodu na zavedenie a zvýšenie popularity mobilných aplikácii vyvinutých firmou Programatori s.r.o. a tým aj propagáciou firmy samotnej. V práci budú použité najmä nástroje online marketingu ako sociálne siete, a SEO optimalizácia. Tieto nástroje sa budú využívať počas celého životného cyklu aplikácie. Diploma’s thesis presents usage of marketing and subcategory online ...

  19. Vodonik kao energetski vektor budućnosti - hidridi i baterije na vodonik / Hydrogen as an energy vector of the future: Hydrides and bacteria exploiting the hydrogen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mitar Konjević

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available Vodonik predstavlja ekološki čist i praktično neiscrpan energent, relativno lak za skladištenje, transport i korišćenje. Međutim, zbog visoke cene dobijanja još uvek ne konkuriše aktuelnim fosilnim gorivima. Ako se pretpostavlja da će vodonik predstavljati vrlo važan energetski vektor u budućnosti, interesantno je pokazati mogućnosti njegovog korišćenja u vidu hidrida i gorivnih ćelija. / Hydrogen represents the ecologically clean and practically inexhaustible energetic element, relatively easy for storage, transportation and exploitation. Nevertheless, due to high price of its production, hydrogen has not yet been a competition to actual fossil fuels. If we suppose that hydrogen will be pretty important vector in future, it is interesting to show the exploitation possibilities of hydrogen informs of hydrides and fuel cells.

  20. Antimikrobiální aktivita šípkových čajů

    OpenAIRE

    Ďubašáková, Mária

    2016-01-01

    Cieľom tejto bakalárskej práce bolo stanovenie koncentrácie biologicky aktívnych látok ako sú polyfenoly a flavonoidy a tiež celkovú antioxidačnú kapacitu v čajových extraktoch s hlavným obsahom Rosa canina. Ďalej bolo predmetom experimentu zistenie antimikrobiálnej aktivity a účinnej koncentrácie extraktu voči vybraným baktériám. Teoretická časť je zameraná na popis prírodných antioxidačných látok a ich aktívnom účinku proti voľným radikálom, popis a rozdelenie čaju, botanický a chemický pop...

  1. O arbitrabilnosti u komparativnoj arbitraži – Neke napomene

    OpenAIRE

    Sajko, Krešimir

    2010-01-01

    Objektivna arbitrabilnost određuje koji se sporovi mogu podvrći arbitražnom rješavanju, utvrđena je prinudnim materijalnim pravilima međunarodnog privatnog prava. Poredba različitih nacionalnih arbitražnih prava ukazuje na to da se ta arbitrabilnost ne odnosi samo na novčane sporove već i na nenovčane ako se o njima može zaključiti nagodbu. Na osnovi analize izabranih nacionalnih prava, sudske i arbitražne prakse te Newyorške konvencije, nameće se zaključak da arbitražni i nacionalni sudov...

  2. Optimalizácia monitorovania sieťovej prevádzky

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    František Jakab

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Tento príspevok sa zaoberá otvorenými problémami vyskytujúcimi sa pri pasívnom prístupe merania sieťových charakteristík. Opisuje najpoužívanejšie prístupy merania sieťových parametrov ako aj charakteristiky, ktoré sa pri monitorovaní najčastejšie sledujú. Hlavným cieľom tohto príspevku je predstavenie konceptuálneho návrhu riešenia opísaných problémov, ktorý by sa mal docieliť automatizovaným prispôsobením exportu záznamov o tokoch prevádzky k aktuálnemu stavu siete.

  3. Dvadeset godina jedne Didaktike (Kako smo stvarali Didaktiku)

    OpenAIRE

    Bognar, Ladislav; Matijević, Milan

    2014-01-01

    Sveučilišni udžbenik Didaktike (Bognar i Matijević, 2002), koji je nastao prije dvadeset godina i do sada je doživio tri izdanja, nastao je kao rezultat višegodišnjega angažiranja na mijenjanju nastave. U tim nastojanjima uočili smo da je nemoguće mijenjati nastavu ako se istovremeno ne mijenja i teorija na kojoj se ta nastava zasniva. Radi se o sinkroniziranom mijenjanju i teorije i prakse pri čemu i sami sudionici toga procesa doživljavaju osobnu promjenu. Događa se „suštinsko učenje“ (Roge...

  4. Tiekėjų teisių gynimo priemonių sistema viešuosiuose pirkimuose

    OpenAIRE

    Mažonavičius, Gediminas

    2014-01-01

    Viešųjų pirkimų teigiamas poveikis valstybių ekonomikai paskatino šios teisės šakos vystymą ir nuolatinį reguliavimo tobulinimą. Tai ilgainiui tapo itin parankia ekonomikos, inovacijų, konkurencijos skatinimo priemone. Sparčiai plečiantis tarptautinei rinkai ir skverbiantis į viešųjų pirkimų sritį, egzistuojantis viešųjų pirkimų reguliavimas nebeatitiko esamų sąlygų. Atsirado poreikis šalinti tarptautinės prekybos barjerus viešuosiuose pirkimuose, tapo reikalinga gerokai padidinti skaidrumo, ...

  5. Lietuvių kalbos žodžių darybos pratybos :

    OpenAIRE

    Akelaitienė, Gražina

    2002-01-01

    Teorinius pamatus lietuvių kalbos žodžių darybos sinchroniniam tyrinėjimui yra padėjęs profesorius Vincas Urbutis savo monografija „Žodžių darybos teorija“. Jo darbas aprėpė visą specifinę žodžių darybos problematiką, todėl jis ne tik tapo tvirta atrama visiems šios srities tyrėjams, bet ir leido postuluoti žodžių darybos kaip atskiros kalbotyros šakos savarankiškumą. Laikantis nuostatos, kad žodžių daryba gali būti dėstoma kaip atskira lituanistinė disciplina, yra parengtos ir šios mokomosio...

  6. Virdžine kao unaprjediteljice patrijarhalnog života u Albaniji nasuprot novim ulogama žena u Albaniji (Sažetak)

    OpenAIRE

    Young, Antonia; Twigg, Larenda

    2009-01-01

    Kultura patrijarhata ugrađena u tradicionalni život planinskih područja sjeverne Albanije, južne Ccrne Gore, Kosova i zapadne Makedonije i dalje prevladava u tim područjima. Ta kultura zahtijeva prisutnost muškog nasljednika ili, ako ga nema, zahtijeva transformaciju žene u ulogu muškarca. Kao virdžina, žena se otima podređenoj ulozi žene u društvu, ali i učvršćuje i održava kulturu patrijarhata i tradicionalne rodne uloge u društvu. Rrazgovori s virdžinama od 1990-ih do danas pokazuju njihov...

  7. Comparison of Next-Generation Sequencing Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lin Liu

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available With fast development and wide applications of next-generation sequencing (NGS technologies, genomic sequence information is within reach to aid the achievement of goals to decode life mysteries, make better crops, detect pathogens, and improve life qualities. NGS systems are typically represented by SOLiD/Ion Torrent PGM from Life Sciences, Genome Analyzer/HiSeq 2000/MiSeq from Illumina, and GS FLX Titanium/GS Junior from Roche. Beijing Genomics Institute (BGI, which possesses the world’s biggest sequencing capacity, has multiple NGS systems including 137 HiSeq 2000, 27 SOLiD, one Ion Torrent PGM, one MiSeq, and one 454 sequencer. We have accumulated extensive experience in sample handling, sequencing, and bioinformatics analysis. In this paper, technologies of these systems are reviewed, and first-hand data from extensive experience is summarized and analyzed to discuss the advantages and specifics associated with each sequencing system. At last, applications of NGS are summarized.

  8. HMI Vector and Uncertainty Carrington Synoptic Maps

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bertello, Luca; Hughes, A.; Gosain, Sanjay; Harker, Brian; Harvey, J. W.; Marble, Andrew R.; Pevtsov, Alexei A.

    2016-05-01

    Based on our experience with data from the Vector Spectromagnetograph (VSM) instrument, which is part of the Synoptic Optical Long-term Investigations of the Sun (SOLIS)facility, we have produced HMI vector and uncertainty synoptic maps for all Carrington rotations from May 2010 through December 2015. HMI observations provide 12-minute cadence magnetograms, both for longitudinal and full-Stokes measurements. For this investigation we have used only two magnetograms per day, 12 hours apart, which are sufficient to produce accurate maps in the longitude-sine(latitude) projection with 1x1 square-degree resolution at the equator. From both the HMI longitudinal and vector magnetograms we have computed radial-flux and spatial-variance synoptic maps. For the longitudinal data, we have included pole-filled radial-flux maps, and for the vector data, we have included synoptic maps of the poloidal and toroidal magnetic flux.We describe here the procedure to generate those maps and discuss some of their main features. A comparison with similar products from the SOLIS/VSM is also addressed. The HMI data used are courtesy of NASA/SDO and HMI science teams.

  9. Cyber threat impact assessment and analysis for space vehicle architectures

    Science.gov (United States)

    McGraw, Robert M.; Fowler, Mark J.; Umphress, David; MacDonald, Richard A.

    2014-06-01

    This paper covers research into an assessment of potential impacts and techniques to detect and mitigate cyber attacks that affect the networks and control systems of space vehicles. Such systems, if subverted by malicious insiders, external hackers and/or supply chain threats, can be controlled in a manner to cause physical damage to the space platforms. Similar attacks on Earth-borne cyber physical systems include the Shamoon, Duqu, Flame and Stuxnet exploits. These have been used to bring down foreign power generation and refining systems. This paper discusses the potential impacts of similar cyber attacks on space-based platforms through the use of simulation models, including custom models developed in Python using SimPy and commercial SATCOM analysis tools, as an example STK/SOLIS. The paper discusses the architecture and fidelity of the simulation model that has been developed for performing the impact assessment. The paper walks through the application of an attack vector at the subsystem level and how it affects the control and orientation of the space vehicle. SimPy is used to model and extract raw impact data at the bus level, while STK/SOLIS is used to extract raw impact data at the subsystem level and to visually display the effect on the physical plant of the space vehicle.

  10. High-Throughput Sequencing of MicroRNAs in Adenovirus Type 3 Infected Human Laryngeal Epithelial Cells

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuhua Qi

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Adenovirus infection can cause various illnesses depending on the infecting serotype, such as gastroenteritis, conjunctivitis, cystitis, and rash illness, but the infection mechanism is still unknown. MicroRNAs (miRNA have been reported to play essential roles in cell proliferation, cell differentiation, and pathogenesis of human diseases including viral infections. We analyzed the miRNA expression profiles from adenovirus type 3 (AD3 infected Human laryngeal epithelial (Hep2 cells using a SOLiD deep sequencing. 492 precursor miRNAs were identified in the AD3 infected Hep2 cells, and 540 precursor miRNAs were identified in the control. A total of 44 miRNAs demonstrated high expression and 36 miRNAs showed lower expression in the AD3 infected cells than control. The biogenesis of miRNAs has been analyzed, and some of the SOLiD results were confirmed by Quantitative PCR analysis. The present studies may provide a useful clue for the biological function research into AD3 infection.

  11. Mars - Remote spectral identification of H2O frost and mineral hydrate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huguenin, R. L.; Clark, R. N.; Mccord, T. B.

    1978-01-01

    A reflectance spectrum (0.62-2.6 microns) of Mars (integral disk) is obtained using a newly developed IR spectrometer at the 2.25 m telescope on Mauna Kea, Hawaii. Details of the instrument, observations, and data reduction are presented. Several distinct absorption features are evident that were apparently caused by H2O, but the positions and intensities of the features are quite unusual. In summary, the regolith is probably not as desiccated and dehydrated as the full disk reflectance spectrum and Viking soil analyses would suggest. The surface materials become desiccated and dehydrated as a result of solar UV effects and because of the relative adsorption and desorption rates during the strong diurnal cycling. There may be significant amounts of H2O at depth, and in the Solis Lacus region the H2O reservoir may extend to within a few centimeters of the surface. The Solis Lacus region may therefore be an important target for future Mars landing or sample return mission.

  12. The role of measured data in a free natural gas market

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    As from 2002 medium-scale customers connected to the distribution network of the regional natural gas distribution companies will be able to purchase their gas from third parties. In order to calculate the energy (gas) transmission, distribution and supply costs, it is necessary to measure and record the offtakes of all the customers with freedom of choice on an hourly basis. The Dutch natural gas trading company Gasunie usually carries out these measurements for the present 350 medium-scale customers, but for the 14,000 customers by 2002 a different solution probably must be chosen. This is because most offtakes do not have any provision for measuring consumption on an hourly basis. Following the electricity market, offtake profiles will be prepared for most customers. If the parties cannot reach agreement on those profiles, expensive measuring equipment has to be installed on site. The Standard Online Information Server (Solis) is used in a project to transfer the data measured online from a remote customer to the electricity supplier. Solis will also be used for transferring gas data. The Dutch natural gas research institute Gastec has carried out a definition study into the use of gas consumption profiles for assessing the gas balance. Gastec and KEMA (research institute for the Dutch electric power companies) will jointly further develop this gas consumption model for both the gas and electricity market

  13. Full-Disk Chromospheric Vector Magnetograms with Ca II 854.2 nm line: Some Promising Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gosain, Sanjay; Harvey, J. W.; Harker, Brian; Pillet, V. M.; Pevtsov, Alexei A.; Marble, Andrew R.; Bertello, Luca; + SOLIS-Team

    2016-05-01

    Over the last decade, the focus of solar magnetometry has shifted outward from the photosphere to the chromospheric layers. The reasons for this are many. With regards to instrumentation faster detectors with more sensitivity have become available, as have fast electro-optic modulators. Also, there are several potential benefits of observing vector fields in the chromospheric layer as the magnetic field is more force-free in this layer as compared to the photosphere. Coronal force-free field extrapolations are more reliable using chromospheric fields as the lower boundary condition and free magnetic energy is readily computed using the magnetic virial theorem. Recently, a full Stokes polarimeter for the chromospheric Ca II 854.2 nm spectral line was developed and installed in the Vector Spectromagnetograph (VSM) instrument on the Synoptic Optical Long-term Investigations of the Sun (SOLIS) telescope. We present details of this new polarimeter, full disk spectropolarimetric observations and vector magnetograms of the chromosphere, and examples of some promising applications (e.g., maps of normal component of electric current density in the chromosphere, free magnetic energy estimated using virial theorem, and non-potentiality parameter magnetic shear angle).This work utilizes SOLIS data obtained by the NSO Integrated Synoptic Program (NISP), managed by the National Solar Observatory, which is operated by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy (AURA), Inc. under a cooperative agreement with the National Science Foundation

  14. Exploiting the fungal highway: development of a novel tool for the in situ isolation of bacteria migrating along fungal mycelium.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simon, Anaele; Bindschedler, Saskia; Job, Daniel; Wick, Lukas Y; Filippidou, Sevasti; Kooli, Wafa M; Verrecchia, Eric P; Junier, Pilar

    2015-11-01

    Fungi and bacteria form various associations that are central to numerous environmental processes. In the so-called fungal highway, bacteria disperse along fungal mycelium. We developed a novel tool for the in situ isolation of bacteria moving along fungal hyphae as well as for the recovery of fungi potentially involved in dispersal, both of which are attracted towards a target culture medium. We present the validation and the results of the first in situ test. Couples of fungi and bacteria were isolated from soil. Amongst the enriched organisms, we identified several species of fast-growing fungi (Fusarium sp. and Chaetomium sp.), as well as various potentially associated bacterial groups, including Variovorax soli, Olivibacter soli, Acinetobacter calcoaceticus, and several species of the genera Stenotrophomonas, Achromobacter and Ochrobactrum. Migration of bacteria along fungal hyphae across a discontinuous medium was confirmed in most of the cases. Although the majority of the bacteria for which migration was confirmed were also positive for flagellar motility, not all motile bacteria dispersed using their potential fungal partner. In addition, the importance of hydrophobicity of the fungal mycelial surface was confirmed. Future applications of the columns include targeting different types of microorganisms and their interactions, either by enrichment or by state of the art molecular biological methods. PMID:26432804

  15. Effects of short-term exposure to 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin on microRNA expression in zebrafish embryos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jenny, Matthew J. [Biology Department, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA 02543 (United States); Department of Biological Sciences, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL 35487 (United States); Aluru, Neelakanteswar [Biology Department, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA 02543 (United States); Hahn, Mark E., E-mail: mhahn@whoi.edu [Biology Department, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA 02543 (United States)

    2012-10-15

    Although many drugs and environmental chemicals are teratogenic, the mechanisms by which most toxicants disrupt embryonic development are not well understood. MicroRNAs, single-stranded RNA molecules of ∼ 22 nt that regulate protein expression by inhibiting mRNA translation and promoting mRNA sequestration or degradation, are important regulators of a variety of cellular processes including embryonic development and cellular differentiation. Recent studies have demonstrated that exposure to xenobiotics can alter microRNA expression and contribute to the mechanisms by which environmental chemicals disrupt embryonic development. In this study we tested the hypothesis that developmental exposure to 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD), a well-known teratogen, alters microRNA expression during zebrafish development. We exposed zebrafish embryos to DMSO (0.1%) or TCDD (5 nM) for 1 h at 30 hours post fertilization (hpf) and measured microRNA expression using several methods at 36 and 60 hpf. TCDD caused strong induction of CYP1A at 36 hpf (62-fold) and 60 hpf (135-fold) as determined by real-time RT-PCR, verifying the effectiveness of the exposure. MicroRNA expression profiles were determined using microarrays (Agilent and Exiqon), next-generation sequencing (SOLiD), and real-time RT-PCR. The two microarray platforms yielded results that were similar but not identical; both showed significant changes in expression of miR-451, 23a, 23b, 24 and 27e at 60 hpf. Multiple analyses were performed on the SOLiD sequences yielding a total of 16 microRNAs as differentially expressed by TCDD in zebrafish embryos. However, miR-27e was the only microRNA to be identified as differentially expressed by all three methods (both microarrays, SOLiD sequencing, and real-time RT-PCR). These results suggest that TCDD exposure causes modest changes in expression of microRNAs, including some (miR-451, 23a, 23b, 24 and 27e) that are critical for hematopoiesis and cardiovascular

  16. Effects of short-term exposure to 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin on microRNA expression in zebrafish embryos

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Although many drugs and environmental chemicals are teratogenic, the mechanisms by which most toxicants disrupt embryonic development are not well understood. MicroRNAs, single-stranded RNA molecules of ∼ 22 nt that regulate protein expression by inhibiting mRNA translation and promoting mRNA sequestration or degradation, are important regulators of a variety of cellular processes including embryonic development and cellular differentiation. Recent studies have demonstrated that exposure to xenobiotics can alter microRNA expression and contribute to the mechanisms by which environmental chemicals disrupt embryonic development. In this study we tested the hypothesis that developmental exposure to 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD), a well-known teratogen, alters microRNA expression during zebrafish development. We exposed zebrafish embryos to DMSO (0.1%) or TCDD (5 nM) for 1 h at 30 hours post fertilization (hpf) and measured microRNA expression using several methods at 36 and 60 hpf. TCDD caused strong induction of CYP1A at 36 hpf (62-fold) and 60 hpf (135-fold) as determined by real-time RT-PCR, verifying the effectiveness of the exposure. MicroRNA expression profiles were determined using microarrays (Agilent and Exiqon), next-generation sequencing (SOLiD), and real-time RT-PCR. The two microarray platforms yielded results that were similar but not identical; both showed significant changes in expression of miR-451, 23a, 23b, 24 and 27e at 60 hpf. Multiple analyses were performed on the SOLiD sequences yielding a total of 16 microRNAs as differentially expressed by TCDD in zebrafish embryos. However, miR-27e was the only microRNA to be identified as differentially expressed by all three methods (both microarrays, SOLiD sequencing, and real-time RT-PCR). These results suggest that TCDD exposure causes modest changes in expression of microRNAs, including some (miR-451, 23a, 23b, 24 and 27e) that are critical for hematopoiesis and cardiovascular

  17. CLINICAL COMPARISION OF THE TREATMENT OF CERVICAL PROLAPSE OF INTERVERTEBRAL DISC BY USING CAGE OR TITANIUM PLATE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yang Pei; Wang Kunzheng; Gong Fuliang; Wang Chunsheng; Shi Zhibin

    2006-01-01

    Objective To compare the clinical effects of treating cervical prolapse of intervertebral disc by using Solis cage, titanium cage and autogenous iliac crest graft (AICG) combined with titanium plate. Methods 64 cases of cervical prolapse of intervertebral disc were analyzed retrospectively. All the patients were followed up for about one year. Group A is composed of 20 patients (30 intervertebral spaces) treated with microdiscectomy and Solis cage fusion;group B is composed of 21 patients(22 intervertebral spaces) treated with titanium cage and group C is involved of 23patients(28 intervertebral spaces) which were dealt with AICG combined with titanium plate. The differences in the to-tal X ray exposure time, time working on iliac bone, incidence of complications, fusion rate, incidence of JOA score recovery rate more than 50 % and rehabilitation time of the three groups are analyzed. Results All indexes from group A and B were more satisfactory than those from group C (P<0. 05). The statistic analysis results of the incidence of complications of cervical part, rehabilitation time in group A are 5.0± 1.8, 5.1 ± 1.2; and that is 14.3±2.6, 7.5 ± 1.6and 26.1±6.2, 8.6±2.3 in group B and group C respectively. There is significant difference between group A and group B on the incidence of complications of cervical part and rehabilitation time (P<0.05). Results of the incidence of JOA score recovery rate > 50 % in group A(95.8 ± 3.2) was more satisfactory than that in group B(93.6 ± 2.9),while there was no statistical difference between group A and group B (P>0.05). Conclusion The Solis cage is better in treating the cervical prolapse of intervertebral disc than other ways. Also, it makes the operation easier, rehabilitation time shorter, and it causes fewer complications.

  18. Similar foliage area but contrasting foliage biomass between young beech and spruce stands / Porovnateľná plocha avšak kontrastná biomasa asimilačných orgánov medzi mladými porastmi buka a smreka

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Konôpka Bohdan

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Výskum sa zameral na mladé porasty buka lesného (Fagus sylvatica a smreka obyčajného (Picea abies rovnakého veku (12 rokov, veľmi podobných dimenzií stromov, rastúcich na totožnom stanovišti. Na základe odberu vzorníkov celých stromov (všetky časti okrem jemných koreňov sme skonštruovali alometrické vzťahy pre stromové komponenty. Ako nezávislá premenná sa použila hrúbka na báze kmeňa (d0. Modely vyjadrili nielen biomasu konárov, kmeňa, hrubých koreňov a asimilačných orgánov, ale aj plochu asimilačných orgánov a špecifickú listovú plochu (specific leaf area; SLA. Zistili sme, že základné morfologické vlastnosti asimilačných orgánov varírovali pri obidvoch drevinách pozdĺž vertikálneho profilu koruny. V prípade smreka sa zistili odlišné hodnoty plochy ihlíc a SLA medzi jednotlivými ročníkmi ihlíc. Na úrovni stromu mali buky oveľa viac biomasy drevných častí ako smreky, opačná situácia bola pri asimilačných orgánoch. Preto hodnoty podielu medzi biomasou asimilačných orgánov a celkovou biomasou stromu, ako aj pomeru medzi plochou asimilačných orgánov a celkovou biomasou stromu boli výrazne vyššie pri smreku než buku. Na úrovni porastu mala smrečina vyššie hodnoty indexu listovej plochy, t. j. LAI (18,64 m2.m−2 v porovnaní s bučinou (12,77 m2.m−2. Kým biomasa asimilačných orgánov bola 4,6-krát väčšia v smrekovom než v bukovom poraste, biomasa drevných časti bola porovnateľná v obidvoch porastoch. Tieto kontrasty naznačujú výrazne odlišnú rastovú stratégiu, resp. alokáciu biomasy medzi bučinami a smrečinami v mladých štádiách

  19. Study of organic N transformation in red soils by 15N tracer method

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YeQing-Fu; ZhangQin-Zheng; 等

    1997-01-01

    Uniformly 15N-labelled ryegrass was used to investigate NH4+-production,microbial transformation and humification of organic N in two types of red soils by incubating the soils amended with labelled material.The results showed that there was little significant difference in biomass N transformation in the tested solis between 15N tracer method and conventional method,but the amount of NH4++-N released form the ryegrass in the clayey soil than in the sandy soil at all sampling time .By 120d of incubation,humified N was less than 10% of the amount of the applied N in two types of red soils and the amount of residual N in the clayey red soil was obviously higher than that in the sandy red soil.

  20. O clima como necessidade de governança transnacional: reflexões pós-Copenhague 2009

    OpenAIRE

    Paulo Márcio Cruz; Zenildo Bodnar

    2010-01-01

    Resumo: O presente artigo aborda a questão climática analisada sob a ótica da governança transnacional como necessidade para enfrentar os desafios pós XV Conferência da Mudança do Clima da ONU (COP 15), Copenhague 2009. Parte-se da hipótese de que não é possível o estabelecimento de uma política regulatória efetiva para a questão climática que não leve em conta a governança transnacional, entendida esta como forma de articulação entre o poder local e o global, baseada na cooperação e na soli...

  1. Morosidad en el pago de créditos y rentabilidad de la banca comercial en México

    OpenAIRE

    Rubén Chavarín Rodríguez

    2015-01-01

    Una crítica que se formula desde hace varios años a los bancos comerciales establecidos en México es que no incrementan el volumen de crédito que otorgan a la sociedad. Esta crítica se ha vuelto más marcada a raíz del bajo crecimiento económico logrado por el país a partir de la crisis financiera internacional iniciada en 2008. Una de las posibles explicaciones para la restricción de crédito que mantiene la banca es que, dados los sistemas vigentes de identificación y calificación de las soli...

  2. Bibliographie

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    Alantar, Ö. Zeynep, “Türk Dış Politikasında Milletler Cemiyeti Dönemi”, dans Sönmezoğlu (Faruk) (éd.), Türk Dış Politikası Analizi, Istanbul, Der Yay., 1994. Al-Daqûqi, Ibrahim, “Palestine & Zionism in the Turkish mass media”, The Third Arab-Turkish Relations Conference (abstracts of papers), Yarmouk University, 25-28 avril 1985, cité dans Duclos, Louis-Jean, « Arabes et Turquie : le cas Jordanien », CEMOTI, 1991, No. 11, p. 119-139. Aktar, Ayhan & Özel, Soli, “Turkish Attitudes vis- à-vis th...

  3. The reversal of the Sun's magnetic field in cycle 24

    CERN Document Server

    Mordvinov, Alexander V; Bertello, Luca; Petrie, Gordon J D

    2016-01-01

    Analysis of synoptic data from the Vector Stokes Magnetograph (VSM) of the Synoptic Optical Long-term Investigations of the Sun (SOLIS) and the NASA/NSO Spectromagnetograph (SPM) at the NSO/Kitt Peak Vacuum Telescope facility shows that the reversals of solar polar magnetic fields exhibit elements of a stochastic process, which may include the development of specific patterns of emerging magnetic flux, and the asymmetry in activity between northern and southern hemispheres. The presence of such irregularities makes the modeling and prediction of polar field reversals extremely hard if possible. In a classical model of solar activity cycle, the unipolar magnetic regions (UMRs) of predominantly following polarity fields are transported polewards due to meridional flows and diffusion. The UMRs gradually cancel out the polar magnetic field of the previous cycle, and re-build the polar field of opposite polarity setting the stage for the next cycle. We show, however, that this deterministic picture can be easily a...

  4. VPLIV SKUPNEGA IONA NA VISKOZNOST ELEKTROLITSKIH MEŠANIC

    OpenAIRE

    Hiter, Marijana

    2016-01-01

    S Cannon-Fenskejevim viskozimetrom v termostatirani celici smo merili vpliv skupnega iona na viskoznost elektrolitskih mešanic. Meritve so bile opravljene pri temperaturah 20°C, 25°C, 30°C, 35°C, 40°C, 45°C in 50°C. Za merjenje viskoznosti smo si pripravili čiste raztopine KCl, NaCl in NaNO3 s koncentracijo 0,1 mol/L. Pripravili smo mešanice soli, s koncentracijami od 0,01 do 0,09 mol/L tako, da je bila skupna koncentracija vedno 0,1 mol/L. V raztopini KCl in NaCl smo preučevali vpliv skupneg...

  5. El Hombre, un ser integral

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriel Alexander Solórzano

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available El artículo pretende mostrar la dificultad que existe al momento de elaborar una precisa definición del hombre como ser integral, para ello se recurre a las nociones esenciales de la antropología filosófica, la nueva concepción del giro cristia- no de la fenomenología francesa, se mira grosso modo la visión personalista de Juan Pablo II sobre el hombre y la visión integradora de Panikkar del humanismo cosmote- ándrico, por último se encuentra la visión del humanismo cristiano y el desarrollo soli- dario enfatizado en el Magisterio de la Iglesia Católica como intento de respuesta a la crucial pregunta sobre el hombre y su mundo relacional. Palabras clave: Filosofía, Teología moral, Fenomenología, Humanismo, Perso- nalismo, Cosmoteándrico. 

  6. Special Issue: Next Generation DNA Sequencing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paul Richardson

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Next Generation Sequencing (NGS refers to technologies that do not rely on traditional dideoxy-nucleotide (Sanger sequencing where labeled DNA fragments are physically resolved by electrophoresis. These new technologies rely on different strategies, but essentially all of them make use of real-time data collection of a base level incorporation event across a massive number of reactions (on the order of millions versus 96 for capillary electrophoresis for instance. The major commercial NGS platforms available to researchers are the 454 Genome Sequencer (Roche, Illumina (formerly Solexa Genome analyzer, the SOLiD system (Applied Biosystems/Life Technologies and the Heliscope (Helicos Corporation. The techniques and different strategies utilized by these platforms are reviewed in a number of the papers in this special issue. These technologies are enabling new applications that take advantage of the massive data produced by this next generation of sequencing instruments. [...

  7. 测序新技术Ion Torrent PGM及其法医学应用%The new sequencing technology-Ion Torrent PGM and its forensic application

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘宇轩; 张文琼; 黄代新

    2015-01-01

    目前,基因测序技术发展迅速,继Roche公司的454系统、Illumina公司的HiSeq 2000系统和AB公司的 SOLiD系统之后,Life Technologies公司于2010年推出了Ion Torrent Personal G enome Machine (PGM)测序仪.Ion Torrent是基于半导体芯片的测序技术,不属于核酸标记、荧光检测的生化技术.与其他测序技术相比,操作简便,费用较低,具有强大的扩展性.本文就Ion Torrent PGM的特点及其在法医学中的应用进行简要介绍.

  8. Transfer of 137Cs and 90Sr to spring wheat in relation with provision of sod-podzolic loam soil with phosphates and portions of mineral fertilizers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The field experiment with fertilizer treatments of spring wheat on four different levels of soil supply with mobile phosphates has been conducted in 2005-2007 on sod-podzolic loam sandy soli contaminated with radionuclides. It was found a damped function decrease of 137Cs and 90Sr transfer to wheat grain up to 1.5 - 1.6 times according to change of mobile P2O5 content in soil from 70 to 393 mg/kg. Increasing the soil phosphate content up to 400 mg/kg with simultaneous application of fertilizers N60+30P60K180 could result in double reduction of 90Sr accumulation in wheat grain

  9. Evaluation of a method to measure water content in porous media by employing ultrasound

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Leonardo Sáenz Cruz

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available A method to measure water content in porous media, such as solis and grains, was developed as a real time nondestructive test. The method was based on piezoelectric ultrasonic transducers as a sensor system. Transmiters and receivers was developed to administrate the sensors system and ultrasonic signal. Transmiters and receivers are placed facing each other and located inside the porous media 10 cm apart. The method was evaluated in two porous meda, namely a column 30 cm coarse sand and a paddy rice variety Fedearroz 50, in order to evaluate the sensors system performance in two different porous media with different water holder capacity. Tools were developed for data acquisition, capacity of 16 analog signal, 12 bits resolution. Electronic circuits, C++ OPP programming and Matlab were used. The results showed a monotonically increment of millivolts as a response of the transducer as the water content was decreasing

  10. Caso para diagnóstico Case for diagnosis

    OpenAIRE

    Heliane Sanae Suzuki; Leila Cristina Cavalin; Betina Werner; Maurício Shigueru Sato; Fabiane Mulinari Brenner

    2007-01-01

    Piloleiomioma é tumor benigno de músculo liso que tem origem no músculo eretor do pêlo. Pode ocorrer isoladamente ou em grande número. Apresenta-se doloroso, sensível ao frio, toque, pressão e emoção. Relata-se caso de um homem com nódulos intradérmicos compostos por fibras de músculo liso. A imuno-histoquímica mostra-se positiva para desmina e actina, confirmando o diagnóstico.Piloleiomyoma is a benign smooth muscle tumor which arises from the erector pilorum muscles. The lesions can be soli...

  11. A GPU-Computing Approach to Solar Stokes Profile Inversion

    CERN Document Server

    Harker, Brian J

    2012-01-01

    We present a new computational approach to the inversion of solar photospheric Stokes polarization profiles, under the Milne-Eddington model, for vector magnetography. Our code, named GENESIS (GENEtic Stokes Inversion Strategy), employs multi-threaded parallel-processing techniques to harness the computing power of graphics processing units GPUs, along with algorithms designed to exploit the inherent parallelism of the Stokes inversion problem. Using a genetic algorithm (GA) engineered specifically for use with a GPU, we produce full-disc maps of the photospheric vector magnetic field from polarized spectral line observations recorded by the Synoptic Optical Long-term Investigations of the Sun (SOLIS) Vector Spectromagnetograph (VSM) instrument. We show the advantages of pairing a population-parallel genetic algorithm with data-parallel GPU-computing techniques, and present an overview of the Stokes inversion problem, including a description of our adaptation to the GPU-computing paradigm. Full-disc vector ma...

  12. Carrying Out the Comprehensive Utilization of Mineral Solid Waste and Promoting the Sustainable Development of Mining%开展固体废弃物综合利用促进矿业可持续发展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    常前发

    2001-01-01

    从4个方面分析了矿产固体废弃物综合利用的必要性和迫切性,认为矿产固体废弃物综合利用是矿业可持续发展的必然要求,市场潜力巨大,最后指出了矿产固体废弃物综合利用的方向。%An analysis is made from four aspe cts of the necessity andurgency of the comprehensive utilization of mineral sol id waste and it is considered that the comprehensive utilization of mineral soli d waste is an inevitable requirement of the sustainable development of mining an d has great market potentiality.Its development orientation is pointed out and s ome suggestions are made.

  13. Genomic research for important pathogenic bacteria in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    Rapid accumulation of bacterial genomic data offered an unprecedented opportunity to understand bacterial biology from a holistic view of point.We can thus closely look at the way in which a pathogen is evolved,and these data has been applied to molecular epidemiology and microbial forensics,and screening of novel diagnostic,vaccine and drug targets.The newly developed high-throughput low-cost sequencing technologies,such as 454,Solexa and SOLiD,will promote the acquisition and application of genomic data in new research areas that we dared not imagine previously,such as the metagenomics of human gastric-intestinal tract,for better and comprehensive understanding of human health and disease.

  14. Fare astronomia con piccoli telescopi

    CERN Document Server

    Gainer, Michael K

    2007-01-01

    Non sono necessariamente richiesti strumenti mastodontici per produrre risultati scientificamente validi nel campo dell’astronomia. Anche l’astrofilo dotato di un piccolo telescopio, con un diametro di soli 8-9 cm, può contribuire alla scienza del cielo realizzando utili osservazioni del Sole, della Luna, dei pianeti, delle comete, degli asteroidi, delle stelle doppie o variabili, delle nebulose e degli ammassi stellari. Il manuale di M.K. Gainer spiega quale sia la dotazione minima (un piccolo telescopio, un computer, una semplice fotocamera digitale), come utilizzarla, e quali siano le tecniche appropriate da adottare nelle osservazioni. Offre inoltre schemi per interpretare e ridurre i dati raccolti, nonché schede da compilare e da spedire ai centri di raccolta internazionali. Questo libro è il passaporto grazie al quale l’astrofilo può entrare a pieno titolo nel mondo affascinante della scienza astronomica.

  15. An evaluation of Bradfordizing effects

    CERN Document Server

    Mayr, Philipp

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to apply and evaluate the bibliometric method Bradfordizing for information retrieval (IR) experiments. Bradfordizing is used for generating core document sets for subject-specific questions and to reorder result sets from distributed searches. The method will be applied and tested in a controlled scenario of scientific literature databases from social and political sciences, economics, psychology and medical science (SOLIS, SoLit, USB Koeln Opac, CSA Sociological Abstracts, World Affairs Online, Psyndex and Medline) and 164 standardized topics. An evaluation of the method and its effects is carried out in two laboratory-based information retrieval experiments (CLEF and KoMoHe) using a controlled document corpus and human relevance assessments. The results show that Bradfordizing is a very robust method for re-ranking the main document types (journal articles and monographs) in today's digital libraries (DL). The IR tests show that relevance distributions after re-ranking improve ...

  16. Références

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    Abdulkarim A., 1994 — La diaspora libanaise : une organisation communautaire. L’espace géographique, 23 (3) : 217-223. Acosta-Solis M., 1966 — « Problems of Conservation and Economic Development of the Galápagos ». In Bowman R. (ed.) : 282-285. Acot P., 1988 — Histoire de l’écologie. Paris, PUF, 285 p. Alpert L., 1963 — « The Climate of the Galápagos Islands ». In : Galápagos Islands : a unique Area for Scientific Investigation, San Francisco, California Academy of Science, Occasional Papers ...

  17. Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis RNA-seq data from abiotic stresses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Sá, Pablo H C G; Veras, Adonney A O; Carneiro, Adriana R; Barúna, Rafael A; Guimarães, Luís C; Pinheiro, Kenny C; Pinto, Anne C; Soares, Siomar C; Schneider, Maria P C; Azevedo, Vasco; Silva, Artur; Ramos, Rommel T J

    2015-12-01

    Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis causes significant loss to goat and sheep farmers because it is the causal agent of the infectious disease caseous lymphadenitis, which may lead to outcomes ranging from skin injury to animal death (Ruiz et al., 2011) [1]. This bacterium was grown under osmotic (2 M), acid (pH) and heat (50 °C) stress and under control (Normal-BHI brain heart infusion) conditions, which simulate the conditions faced by the bacteria during the infectious process. Subsequently, cDNA of each condition was sequenced by the SOLiD3 Plus platform using the RNA-Seq technique [2], [3], [4]. The data produced was processed to evaluate the differential gene expression, which is helpful to understand the adaptation mechanisms during the infection in the host. The sequencing data of all conditions are available in the European Bioinformatics Institute (EBI) repository under accession number E-MTAB-2017. PMID:26702428

  18. Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis RNA-seq data from abiotic stresses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pablo H.C.G. de Sá

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis causes significant loss to goat and sheep farmers because it is the causal agent of the infectious disease caseous lymphadenitis, which may lead to outcomes ranging from skin injury to animal death (Ruiz et al., 2011 [1]. This bacterium was grown under osmotic (2 M, acid (pH and heat (50 °C stress and under control (Normal-BHI brain heart infusion conditions, which simulate the conditions faced by the bacteria during the infectious process. Subsequently, cDNA of each condition was sequenced by the SOLiD3 Plus platform using the RNA-Seq technique [2–4]. The data produced was processed to evaluate the differential gene expression, which is helpful to understand the adaptation mechanisms during the infection in the host. The sequencing data of all conditions are available in the European Bioinformatics Institute (EBI repository under accession number E-MTAB-2017.

  19. Micro tectonic milonitas analysis in the extreme south of the Sarandi del Yi shear zone: Kinematics and deformation conditions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Shear Zone divides Sarandi del Yi Craton River Plate in Piedra Alta and Nico Perez land . The southern end of this zone extends to north - south from the vicinity of the town of Minas to Punta Solis. The predominant lithology of the study area consists of a granitic mylonite with abundant muscovite and biotite. Structural data of foliation , stretching lineation and kinematic indicators were surveyed .Petrographic analysis shows that quartz is presented as ribbons polycrystalline product subgrain rotation recrystallization and grain boundary migration . Feldspar porphyroclasts are partially recrystallized in developing type structures core and mantle . Kinematic indicators such as sigma porphyroclasts , mica fish and oblique foliation defined consistently sinistral sense . The presence of stable and mirmequitas in the plane of biotite foliation along the microstructures described in quartz and feldspar , can be inferred temperature conditions between 450 ° C and 550° C during deformation

  20. Global Solar Free Magnetic Energy and Electric Current Density Distribution of Carrington Rotation 2124

    CERN Document Server

    Tadesse, Tilaye; Alexei, Pevtsov A; Macneice, P; Gosain, S

    2013-01-01

    Solar eruptive phenomena, like flares and coronal mass ejections(CMEs) are governed by magnetic fields. To describe the structure of these phenomena one needs information on the magnetic flux density and the electric current density vector components in three dimensions throughout the atmosphere. However, current spectro-polarimetric measurements typically limit the determination of the vector magnetic field only to the photosphere. Therefore, there is considerable interest in accurate modeling of the solar coronal magnetic field using photospheric vector magnetograms as boundary data. In this work, we model the coronal magnetic field for global solar atmosphere using a nonlinear force-free field(NLFFF) extrapolation codes implemented to a synoptic maps of photospheric vector magnetic field synthesized from Vector Spectromagnetograph (VSM) on Synoptic Optical Long-term Investigations of the Sun (SOLIS) as boundary condition. Using the resulting three dimensional magnetic field, we calculate the three dimensio...

  1. Evaluation de l'activité antimicrobienne de quelques pyridones de synthèse

    OpenAIRE

    OUGGAD, Hayet

    2015-01-01

    Notre travail s'inscrit dans le cadre de l'évaluation de l'activité antibactérienne et antifongique de quelques dérivés pyridones de synthèse préparés par l'équipe du professeur Chekchou-Braham Noureddine au laboratoire de catalyse et synthèse en chimie organique (LCSCO) Faculté des Science de la Nature et de la vie, Science de la terre et de l'Univers, Université Aboubekr Belkaïd Tlemcen. Cette étude a été réalisée à l'aide de la méthode de diffusion de disques sur milieu soli...

  2. INFLUENCE OF LIMING AND WASTE ORGANIC MATERIALS ON THE ACTIVITY OF UREASE AND DEHYDROGENASE IN SOIL CONTAMINATED WITH NICKEL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dorota Kalembasa

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available In soil sampled after a two-year pot experiment, the activity of urease and dehydrogenase and content of nitrogen have been determined. The experiment included three factors: 1. the amount of nickel added to the soil (0, 75, 150 and 225 mg · kg-1 of soil, 2. liming (0 and Ca according to 1 Hh hydrolytic acidity, 3. organic materials (straw of rye and brown coal. Test plant was cocksfoot, which four cuts were collected in each growing season. It was found that nickel added to the soli in dose of 75 mg · kg-1 activates enzymes studied, whereas higher doses cause them explicit deactivation. Both liming and waste organic materials limited the negative effect of higher doses of nickel on the activity of dehydrogenase and urease. Simultaneously, both straw and brown coal caused a slight increase in the amount of nitrogen in the soil.

  3. Bisector Area: A New Metric for Calculating Spectral Line Bisectors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Evans, Kaitlin; Harker, Brian

    2016-05-01

    We present a study of a new metric for characterizing spectral line bisectors from integrated Sun-as-a-star measurements of photospheric spectral lines. This metric, which we call bisector area, differs from previous analysis methods in that it characterizes the entire bisector (up to a maximum intensity limit) with a single scalar quantity. In this preliminary study, we analyzed data from the Synoptic Optical Long-term Investigations of the Sun Integrated Sunlight Spectrometer (SOLIS/ISS) during the decline and rise of solar cycles 23 and 24, respectively, to diagnose any potential correlations between bisector area and other known changes in spectral line properties as a function of time. This work was carried out through the National Solar Observatory Research Experiences for Undergraduates (REU) Program, which is funded by the National Science Foundation (NSF). The National Solar Observatory is operated by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy, Inc. (AURA) under cooperative agreement with the NSF.

  4. Primjena spektrometrijskih metoda u analizi metalurških uzoraka

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anita Štrkalj

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Instrumentalne metode analize nezamjenjive su u znanstvenim istraživanjima, a sve više i u praksi gdje se zahtijeva što brže dobivanje rezultata, kao i što veća točnost. U metalurškoj praksi već se dulji niz godina primjenjuju spektrometrijske metode analize i to najčešće optička emisijska spektrometrija s izravnim očitanjem. Međutim koncentracija pojedinih legirnih elemenata u suvremenim metalnim materijalima vrlo je niska, često niža od granice detekcije optičkih emisijskih spektrometara s izravnim očitanjem. U ovom radu određivana je koncentracija bora u nodularnom lijevu primjenom optičke emisijske spektrometrije s izravnim očitanjem (OES, optičke emisijske spektrometrije s induktivno spregnutom plazmom (ICP-OES te atomske apsorpcijske spektrometrije s grafitnom tehnikom (AAS-GF. Dobiveni rezultati pokazali su da se optička emisijska spektrometrija s izravnim očitanjem i optička emisijska spektrometrija s induktivno spregnutom plazmom mogu primijeniti za određivanje bora u ispitivanim uzorcima (tablica 1. Ako se zahtijeva vrlo točna analiza, a posebno ako se radi o vrlo niskim koncentracijama, optička emisijska spektrometrija s induktivno spregnutom plazmom pogodnija je metoda, uz uvjet da su uzorci pravilno pripremljeni. Atomska apsorpcijska spektrometrija s grafitnom tehnikom nije pogodna za određivanje bora u uzorcima ovog tipa. Tijekom provođenja analize dodatna pažnja usmjerena je na eliminaciju negativnog utjecaja grafitne kivete na rezultat analize. Osim toga, u radu je praćen utjecaj načina otapanja uzoraka na rezultate analize bora spomenutim metodama. Rezultati su pokazali da pažljiva priprema uzoraka u zatvorenom sustavu pridonosi točnijem rezultatu analize.

  5. As identidades dos imigrantes e o melting pot nacional

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giralda Seyferth

    2000-11-01

    Full Text Available Apesar da preponderância do jus soli, o princípio da nacionalidade no Brasil, tal como exprimido no período da grande imigração, exigia a acomodação dos imigrantes e seus descendentes aos cânones assimilacionistas contidos no ideal de formação da nação. Sentimentos primordiais baseados no jus sanguinis, que fundamentaram algumas identidades étnicas formalizadas por grupos de imigrantes, colidiram com os preceitos do abrasileiramento e sua concomitante imagem de melting pot. Este trabalho discute formas diferenciadas de pensar a nacionalidade, a etnicidade e a pluralidade cultural na primeira metade do século XX, tendo como referencial empírico a elaboração de identidades étnicas produzidas no contexto da imigração no sul do Brasil e sua articulação com o processo de colonização voltado para a ocupação de terras públicas.The principles behind the idea of Brazilian nationality during the period of intense immigration enforced the accomodation of immigrants and their descendants to assimilationist canons contained within the ideals underpinning the formation of the brazilian nation. This in spite of the preponderance of the notion of jus soli within brazilian jurisprudence. Primordial sentiments based on notions of jus sanguinis upon wich were founded some of the ethnic identities expressed by groups of immigrants, collided with the precepts of "abrasileiramento" (roughly "becoming brazilianess" or "brazilianization" and its concomitant image of the melting pot. The work presented here discusses different ways of thinking nationality, ethnicity and cultural plurality during the first half of the 20th century. It's empirical reference is the elaboration of ethnic identity within the context of immigration to southern Brazil and the concomitant articulations this process maintained with the colonization and occupation of public lands.

  6. SDHA loss of function mutations in a subset of young adult wild-type gastrointestinal stromal tumors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A subset of KIT/PDGFRA wild-type gastrointestinal stromal tumors (WT GIST) have been associated with alteration of the succinate dehydrogenase (SDH) complex II function. A recent report identified four non-syndromic, KIT/PDGFRA WT GIST harboring compound heterozygous or homozygous mutations in SDHA encoding the main subunit of the SDH complex II. Next generation sequencing was applied on five pediatric and one young adult WT GIST, by whole exome capture and SOLiD 3-plus system sequencing. The putative mutations were first confirmed by Sanger sequencing and then screened on a larger panel of 11 pediatric and young adult WT GIST, including 5 in the context of Carney triad. A germline p.Arg31X nonsense SDHA mutation was identified in one of the six cases tested by SOLiD platform. An additional p.D38V missense mutation in SDHA exon 2 was identified by Sanger sequencing in the extended KIT/PDGFRA WT GIST patients cohort. Western blotting showed loss of SDHA expression in the two cases harboring SDHA mutations, while expression being retained in the other WT GIST tumors. Results were further confirmed by immunohistochemistry for both SDHA and SDHB, which showed a concurrent loss of expression of both proteins in SDHA-mutant lesions, while the remaining WT tumors showed only loss of SDHB expression. Germline and/or somatic aberrations of SDHA occur in a small subset of KIT/PDGFRA WT GISTs, outside the Carney’s triad and are associated with loss of both SDHA and SDHB protein expression. Mutations of the SDH complex II are more particularly associated with KIT/PDGFRA WT GIST occurring in young adults. Although pediatric GIST consistently display alterations of SDHB protein expression, further molecular studies are needed to identify the crucial genes involved in their tumorigenesis

  7. Reducing urban diffuse pollution and surface water flooding using retrofit street trees

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rothwell, James; Stringer, Pete; Causer, Katherine; Ryan, Matt; Mangan, Steve; Appleton, Ian; Savage, Mike

    2016-04-01

    Nature-based solutions for the management of urban stormwater have been growing in popularity, but there is a lack of empirical performance data for field-scale installations, especially in a UK context. To address this deficiency, a novel retrofit street tree demonstration project was commissioned in the City of Salford, near Manchester (UK). Three fifteen year-old London Plane trees were planted within a large roadside tree trench on an urban residential street. The DeepRoot Silvia Cell modular suspended pavement system was used to maximise soil volume, avoid compaction and support large tree growth. Road runoff is directed to the tree trench via AKO Slot Kerbs. Water is then distributed evenly throughout the whole system via a perforated pipe. Excess water is conveyed out of the system via an underdrain, which is subsequently connected to the sewer network. The tree trench is lined with an impermeable membrane. Access chambers are positioned on the inflow and outflow of the tree trench to facilitate hydrological and water quality monitoring. Installation was completed in autumn 2015 and monitoring will be conducted over a three year period. This paper will provide an overview of the installation process and present initial results on the pollutant removal performance and hydrological functioning of the system.

  8. Usazování částic v modelu lidských plic

    OpenAIRE

    Jakuš, Matúš

    2013-01-01

    Zmyslom bakalárskej práce bolo vypracovať rešerš metód merania usadzovania častíc v ľudských dýchacích cestách. Práca tiež obsahuje experiment s poréznymi časticami, ktorý bol následne vyhodnotený fázovo-kontrastnou mikroskopickou analýzou získaných vzoriek. Porézne častice sa javia ako vhodné na dopravu terapeutických aerosólov do dýchacích ciest, a preto sú v posledných rokoch predmetom viacerých výskumov. V práci sú tiež opísané teoretické základy fyziológie ľudských dýchacích ciest, aeros...

  9. Decentralizovaný komunikační nástroj s garancí anonymity

    OpenAIRE

    Legéň, Michal

    2010-01-01

    V poslednom čase sa do popredia čím viac dostáva otázka zabezpečenia anonymity komunikujúcich strán. Použitím rôznych nástrojov je možné totiž v počítačovej sieti monitorovať činnosť užívateľov, s čím súvisí strata súkromia. Cieľom tejto diplomovej práce je preskúmať možnosti tvorby anonymných systémov, predovšetkým metódy Onion Routing. Práca obsahuje popis tejto metódy spolu s asymetrickým systémom RSA, ako dvoch základných prvkov navrhnutého anonymného systému. Druhá polovica práce je veno...

  10. Využití umělé inteligence pro optimalizaci výroby

    OpenAIRE

    Svoboda, Radovan

    2012-01-01

    Diplomová práca rieši problematiku optimalizácie výrobného plánu s použitím genetických algoritmov. Obsahuje vysvetlenie princípu genetických algoritmov v súvislostiach s evolučnými algoritmami a umelou inteligenciou celkovo. Ďalej je rozoberaná problematika plánovania výroby a činnosti, ktoré s ním súvisia. Následne práca popisuje modifikáciu genetických algoritmov a následne ich použitie v počítačovom programe AI Planner, ktorý slúži na tvorbu a optimalizáciu výrobného plánu, ako riešenie z...

  11. Didaktika geológie na Slovensku – história, súčasný stav a perspektívy

    OpenAIRE

    Lídia Turanová; Ivan Ružek

    2015-01-01

    Didaktika geológie ako samostatná vedná disciplína na Slovensku nemá dlhú históriu a naviac jej základy a história do 31. decembra 1992 boli spoločné s Českou republikou. V článku sa venujeme vývoju didaktiky geológie a postaveniu geológie vo vzdelávaní na základných a stredných školách na Slovensku. Významnú úlohu v skvalitnení výučby geológie na školách zohrávajú nami prezentované aktivity pregraduálneho i celoživotného vzdelávania učiteľov. Celoživotné vzdelávanie zabezpečujeme prevažne v ...

  12. Rupprech Rohr, Einführung in das Studium der Romanistik, Erich Schmidt Verlag, Berlin, 1964

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Žarko Muljačić

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available U poslijeratno doba opaža se posvuda potreba da se studentima filoloških disciplina pruže upu te u struku koju su izabrali pa sli se tako i za pojedine romanske jezike i književnosti, i za romanistiku u cjelini pojavili u mnogim zemljama gel.je se ti predmeti uče i raznovrsni priručnici. Svima je cilj da, uz živu riječ nastavnika gornji o toj problematici nerijetko drže posebne kolegije, pomognu početnicima da se snadju u mnoštvu udžbenika i drugih knjiga te golemog broja znanstvenih priloga što izlaze u sve brojnijim časopisima u Evropi i van nje. Ako se zna da je preosjek znanja što ga tj.onose abiturijenti na ovom sektru opčenito niži nego prije tata, onda je shvatljivo da su neki autori takvih priručnika osjetili potrebu da svojim čitateljima pruže nešto više od šturih bibliografskih podataka. Stoga su mnoga djela preraslasažete, i te kako dobrodošle uvode u pojedine znanstvene discipline i njihove dijelove.

  13. Návrh technologické jednotky pro odstraňování perzistentních látek při termickém zpracování kontaminované biomasy

    OpenAIRE

    Plch, Michal

    2009-01-01

    Diplomová práca sa zaoberá návrhom metódy čistenia spalín pre spažovňu biomasy, ktorá zaručí odstránenie dioxínov zo spalín. Popisuje metódy čistenia spalín, ako je ADIOX, použitie keramických filtrov, katalytickej filtrácie REMEDIA a metódy DeNOx/DeDiox. Porovnáva jednotlivé metódy z hžadiska účinnosti a podža ekonomickej analýzy aplikovanej na spažovňu biomasy s kotlom o výkone 1 MW. Súčasťou práce je oboznámenie sa s pojmom biomasa a s jej termickým spracovaním, pri ktorom vznikajú dioxíny...

  14. Občianstvo po narodení a nie po smrti!

    OpenAIRE

    Kissová Lenka

    2014-01-01

    Taliansko je jednou z európskych krajín, ktorá má bohatú emigračnú ako aj imigračnú minulosť. Zároveň je jednou zo vstupných brán do Európy pre ľudí utekajúcich primárne z krajín Afriky. Ročne prichádzajú na jeho brehy tisíce utečencov, zároveň ale nachádzajú pri jeho brehoch smrť mnohí z nich. Príspevok má za cieľ priblížiť imigračnú politiku tejto krajiny a podmienky pre nadobudnutia talianskeho občianstva. Záverom príspevku je krátka reflexia udelenia talianskeho občianstva ex post obetiam...

  15. Termoplastické kompozity pro automobilové aplikace

    OpenAIRE

    Zbončák, Marek

    2014-01-01

    Diplomová práca sa zaoberá prípravou teromplastických kompzoitov s PMMA a PC matricou s potenciálnym využitím v automobilovom priemysle. Ako výstuž boli použité krátke sklenené, uhlíkové a PBO (poly(p-fenylén benzobisoxazol)) vlákna známe pod obchodným názvom Zylon®. Práve do PBO vlákien boli vkladané veľké nádeje vzhľadom na ich ohromujúce mechanické vlastnosti. Vplyv objemového zlomku vlákien na modulu pružnosti, pevnosť a ťažnosť kompozitov bol skúmaný. Experimentálne zistený modul pružnos...

  16. Realizace vrtulníku se čtyřmi rotory

    OpenAIRE

    Pekarovič, Ján

    2014-01-01

    Táto diplomová práca sa zaoberá návrhom vrtuľníku so štyrmi rotormi označovaného ako quadkopter. Popisuje jeho princípy fungovania a existujúce modifikácie. Súčasťou práce je výber vhodného rámu, zostavy diaľkového ovládania, motorov a vrtulí, akumulátora, senzorov pre stabilizáciu i detekciu prekážok a vhodných mikrokontrolérov pre ich obsluhu. Práca predstavuje návrh koncepcie konkrétneho kopteru, návrh a simuláciu dosiek plošných spojov až po ich vlastnoručnú výrobu, oživenie a otestovanie...

  17. Řízení zkušenosti zákazníků

    OpenAIRE

    Seifert, Marián

    2014-01-01

    Cieľom diplomovej práce je analýza aktuálnej situácie zákazníckych skúseností vytváraných spoločnosťou a poskytnutie sérií odporúčaní pre ich zlepšenie. Práca kriticky hodnotí praktiky ovplyvňujúce zákaznícku spokojnosť v jednotlivých predajňách spoločnosti, internetovom obchode, servisnom stredisku a zákazníckom centre. Výsledkom sú odporúčané riešenia pre poskytovanie lepších služieb na zvýšenie zákazníckej loajality, ako aj spôsoby eliminácie zistených nedostatkov. The purpose of the th...

  18. NATO, Balkán a verejná diplomacia

    OpenAIRE

    Laura Meričková

    2012-01-01

    Článok analyzuje, ako vnímajú organizáciu NATO na Balkáne a objasňuje rozdiely medzi štátmi. Následne využíva poznatky teórie konštruktivizmu a odborníkov, ktorí vysvetľujú, že negatívne postoje k NATO sa menia k pozitívnemu vďaka dlhoročnej prítomnosti organizácie a EÚ na Balkáne. Autor síce súhlasí s daným tvrdením, argumentuje však, že vzhľadom na to, že verejná mienka o NATO na Balkáne je špecifická, NATO by vo svojej verejnej diplomacii nemalo zostávať len na úrovni informačnej kampane. ...

  19. Produkce vybraných kvasinkových metabolitů využitelných do potravinových doplňků

    OpenAIRE

    Hároniková, Andrea

    2014-01-01

    Karotenoidy sú prirodzene sa vyskytujúce pigmenty rastlín, ktoré sú tiež produkované mnohými baktériami a hubami. Predstavujú jednu z najviac rozšírených skupín prírodných antioxidantov s významnými biologickými účinkami a mnohými priemyselnými aplikáciami. V tomto smere je zvýšený záujem o karotenoidy ako prirodzené antioxidanty, ktoré majú mimo iné schopnosť znižovať prejavy chronických ochorení, patologických stavov u ľudí a celkovo spomaľujú proces stárnutia. Používajú sa prevažne v potra...

  20. Organizacija tehnološkog procesa remonta složenih tehničkih sistema u tehničkom remontnom zavodu u Čačku

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vojkan M. Radonjić

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Složeni tehnički sistemi (STS od ostalih tehničkih sistema (TS razlikuju se po konstrukciji i nameni, koja može biti: zaštita ljudi, materijalnih bogatstava i teritorije. Ako želimo da STS budu ispravni i imaju zadovoljavajući nivo pouzdanosti i gotovosti,  sistem remonta mora biti u stanju da podrži zahteve koji proističu iz njihove specifičnosti. Sistem njihovog remonta mora biti programiran, a upravljanje njime zasnovano na konceptu QMS (Quality management system. Organizacija remonta STS za potrebe sistema odbrane Republike Srbije, u Tehničkom remontnom zavodu u Čačku (TRZ, primer je organizacije u koju je implementiran  procesni model sistema upravljanja kvalitetom (QMS. Ovaj članak opisuje proces remonta STS u TRZ sa njegovim procesnim sistemom upravljanja kvalitetom (QMS, koji je preduslov za efikasan i efektivan proces remonta. Proces remonta prikazan je na primeru remonta guseničnog borbenog vozila. 

  1. Obsah vybraných biologicky aktivních látek ve Stévii cukerné

    OpenAIRE

    Porubčanová, Vladimíra

    2013-01-01

    Táto bakalárska práca sa zaoberá rastlinou, nazývanou stévia sladká a analýzou fenolických látok v extraktoch z nej. Teoretická časť zahŕňa botanický popis rastliny, jej chemické zloženie i vplyv na ľudské zdravie. Zaoberá sa tiež sladidlom vyrobeným zo stévie, označeným ako E 960: steviol-glykozidy. V práci je uvedený i zoznam firiem, ktoré vyrábajú toto sladilo, vrátane potravinárskych výrobkov, v ktorých je použité. Experimentálna časť je zameraná na stanovenie fenolických látok v extrakto...

  2. Webová platforma pro tvorbu her

    OpenAIRE

    Gulán, Filip

    2016-01-01

    Cieľom tejto práce je návrh a realizácia modernej webovej platformy pre tvorbu hier. Webová platforma je určená, ako pre vývojárov HTML5/Javascript hier, tak aj pre hráčov týchto hier. Súčasťou práce je okrem webového portálu aj API, ktoré sprístupňuje služby webového portálu vývojárom hier. Táto platforma je na serverovej strane postavená na skriptovacom jazyku PHP za použitia rámca Nette. Na klientskej strane je využité HTML, CSS, Javascript a pre účely responzívneho dizajnu je využívaný fr...

  3. Obchodovanie na svetových menových trhoch Forex - trading a jeho základné piliere

    OpenAIRE

    Jozef Portašík

    2009-01-01

    Tento článok sa venuje obchodovaniu na svetových menových trhoch Forex, ktorý sa nazýva trading. Venuje sa taktiež aj jeho základným pilierom, ktoré sú nepostrádateľnou súčasťou obchodovania každého úspešného obchodníka - tradera. Jedná sa o objasnenie pohľadu na trading ako na biznis. Rozoberá trading z jeho pozitívnych stránok, ale aj varuje pred možnými rizikami. Ďalej sa zaoberá základnými piliermi každého úspešného obchodníka. Jedná sa o tri hlavné piliere. Prvým je psychológia a mysleni...

  4. Využití analýz pro intradenní obchodování na mezinárodním měnovém trhu

    OpenAIRE

    Radošinský, Martin

    2016-01-01

    Predmetom diplomovej práce je analyzovať možnosti obchodovania na Forexe s využitím kombinácie fundamentálnej a technickej analýzy vo väzbe na intradenné obchodovanie. Jedným z cieľov je identifikovať výhody a nevýhody využitia jednotlivých analýz. Na základe získaných poznatkov navrhnúť obchodné portfólio zložené z viacerých stratégií, pričom jednotlivé stratégie budú naprogramované ako AOS a optimalizované a otestované na historických cenových dátach. The main aim of this diploma thesis ...

  5. Software pro hledání zranitelných počítačů v síti

    OpenAIRE

    Krkoš, Radko

    2009-01-01

    Práca sa zaoberá bezpečnosťou počítačových systémov a sieťovej infraštruktúry. Opisuje problematiku bezpečnostných dier a zranitežností a diskutuje možnosti ochrany pred počítačovými útokmi. Popísáné sú najčastejšie bezpečnostné diery a chyby v nastaveniach bežných klientských a serverových aplikácií. Uvedené sú jednoduché rady a postupy ako nastaviť prostredie s ohžadom na bezpečnosť a minimalizovať riziko zlyhania či narušenia systému kvôli bezpečnostným chybám a dieram. Práca sa tiež venuj...

  6. Marketing osobnosti

    OpenAIRE

    Šušnyák, Viktor

    2008-01-01

    Táto práca sa zaoberá problematikou osobných značiek a využitia celebrít v reklame. Cieľom je identifikovať hlavné prvky pôsobiace na image osobnosti a prepojiť závery s možnosťami a rizikom využitia slávnych osobností ako doporučovateľov v reklame. Práca je rozdelená do troch častí. Témou prvej časti je self-marketing a celebrity PR, teda budovanie osobnej značky. Druhá sa zaoberá využitím už vybudovaných osobných značiek pre propagáciu iných produktov. V tretej sú prezentované a analyzované...

  7. Identifikace objektů

    OpenAIRE

    Fábry, Tomáš

    2011-01-01

    Práca popisuje tvorbu a funkčnosť vytvoreného programu na identifikáciu objektov. Program vychádza zo snímky z web kamery a predloženého vzoru hľadaného objektu. Rozpoznáva všetky objekty na snímke a označí tie podobné vzoru spolu s odchýlkami od neho. Program je vytvorený ako aplikácia pre Windows pomocou jazyka C/C++. Pre komunikáciu s web kamerou a zobrazovanie výsledkov sú použité funkcie knižnice OpenCV. V práci je ukázaná štruktúra programu a usporiadanie dát. Sú tu ďalej popísané najdô...

  8. Spotřební chování v Brazílii

    OpenAIRE

    Gombošová, Radka

    2007-01-01

    Cieľom práce je analýza spotrebného chovania v Brazílii, s ohľadom na kultúrne, ekonomické, demografické a sociálne rozdiely v spoločnosti a poukázanie na niektoré inovatívne prístupy aplikované miestnymi spoločnosťami, ktoré by mohli slúžiť aj ako príklad v podmienkach Českej alebo Slovenskej republiky. Špeciálna pozornosť je venovaná spotrebnému chovaniu nižšej sociálnej triedy. Cieľom je poukázať na to, že tento tržný segment predstavuje perspektívny trh a je nástrojom rastu, po ktorom bud...

  9. Nekonvenční koncepce spalovacích motorů

    OpenAIRE

    Šenkýř, Miroslav

    2011-01-01

    Práca je zameraná na nekonvenčné koncepcie spaľovacích motorov, teda na spaľovacie motory neobvyklých konštrukcií. Sú to motory, ktoré majú odlišné tvary spaľovacieho priestoru tvary hriadeľov a merných výkonov od konvenčných koncepcii. Práca opisuje nekonvenčné motory ako je Wankel a Nutating motor. Práca objasňuje konštrukciu, princíp činnosti výhody a nevýhody. Vzhľadom k stálemu zdokonaľovaniu konštrukcií týchto motorov majú perspektívu do budúcnosti aj v leteckom priemysle. The work i...

  10. Mikroprogram pre riadenie procesu spájania operandov v architektúre DF KPI

    OpenAIRE

    Norbert Ádám

    2013-01-01

    V článku uvedená architektúra je založená na výpočtovom modeli „data flow“, v ktorom riadenie výpočtu je založené na spracovaní toku dát. Základným prvkom DF architektúry je koordinačný procesor (CP), ktorý je zodpovedný za riadenie a organizáciu vykonávania inštrukcií. Štruktúrna organizácia CP je navrhnutá ako dynamický multifunkčný systém. Pri vykonávaní operácií môže CP prechádzať rôznymi stavmi, v dôsledku čoho táto jednotka predstavuje dynamický prúdový systém. Prechod a poradie prechod...

  11. Výroba dětské stoličky pro stomatologickou ordinaci s využitím metody Fused Deposition Modeling

    OpenAIRE

    Kyseľová, Barbora

    2013-01-01

    Bakalárska práca popisuje tvorbu návrhu modelu detskej stoličky v tvare ľudského zuba využiteľnou v stomatologickej ordinácii. Práca je radená do nadväzujúcich oddielov tak, ako bolo pri návrhu postupované. V úvode práce je venovaná pozornosť vytvoreniu fyzického modelu, ďalej predostrie využitie ručného 3D skenera a v rámci digitalizácie následne podloží nevyhnutnú úpravu dát získanú po skenovaní. Práca sa tiež zaoberá výrobou modelu stoličky, ktorá je realizovaná na 3D tlačiarni uPrint s vy...

  12. Sergej Dovlatov: Kofer /S ruskog preveo Petar Karavlah

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Petar Karavlah

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Kuja iz Ureda za vize rekla je: „Svaki emigrant ima pravo na tri kofera. Takva je norma. To su posebni propisi ministarstva.“Nije imalo smisla proturječiti. Ali ipak sam morao: „Samo tri kofera?! Što bih trebao sa stvarima?“„Na primjer?“„Na primjer, sa svojom zbirkom trkaćih auta?“„Prodajte je“, odsutno odgovori službenica. Zatim doda, lagano se namrštivši: „Ako nečim niste zadovoljni, podnesite žalbu.“„Zadovoljan sam.“Nakon zatvora bio sam svime zadovoljan.„Pa onda se i ponašajte tako.“Za tjedan dana već sam pakirao stvari. Ispostavilo se da mi je bio dovoljan jedan jedini kofer. Gotovo sam zaplakao od muke. Pa imao sam trideset i šest godina. Od toga sam osamnaest godina radio. Zaradio bih pa kupio nešto. Mislio sam da imam nekakvu imovinu. A na kraju – jedan kofer. I to prilično skromnih dimenzija. Ispada da sam siromah? Kako je do toga došlo?Knjige? Imao sam uglavnom zabranjene knjige. One nisu prolazile kroz carinu. Morao sam ih podijeliti poznanicima zajedno s takozvanim arhivom.

  13. OSOBNI STEČAJ U HRVATSKOJ I SLOVENIJI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sime Ivanjko

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Postupak osobnog stečaja bez obzira na pojedina dobra ili slaba rješenja u bilo kojoj državi neće naići na opću suglasnost u društvu, a osobitom u onim društvima gdje se svako neplaćanje dugova ocjenjuje negativnim moralnim predznakom i bez obzira na realne mogućnosti dužnika da plaća svoje dugove. Posebno to važi za neplaćanje obveza u poduzetništvu. Poduzetništvo je po svojoj osnovi amoralno - što znači da ga nije moguće ocjenjivati pozitivnim ili negativnim moralnim predznakom ako se poštuju pravila poduzetništva. Tako npr. stečaj gospodarskog subjekta nije u osnovi nemoralan jer je to nužna pojava u kapitalizmu. U prosjeku je potrebno da oko 300 sudionika u poduzetništvu na njih 10 000 mora u stečaj jer inače kapitalistički sustav ne može djelovati i ne može biti efikasan. U socijalizmu nismo imali stečajeva i zato poduzetništvo nije moglo biti konkurentno s partnerima u kapitalističkim sustavima.

  14. Obligations Related to the Transportation of pet Animals (Eu Legislation / Povinnosti Súvisiace S Prepravou Spoločenských Zvierat (Európska Legislatíva

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pavlíková Barbara

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Prispevok sa zaobera otazkou, ktoru často riešia majitelia spoločenskych zvierat vo všetkych členskych štatoch EU. Poskytuje bližši pohľad na povinnosti spojene s cestovanim so zvieraťom medzi členskymi štatmi, alebo medzi členskym štatom a treťou - nečlenskou krajinou. Zameriava sa na nekomerčnu prepravu, ako je napriklad dovolenka, vylet a podobne. Praca prostrednictvom syntezy, analyzy a porovnania ponuka prehľad zakladnych legislativnych aktov v predmetnej oblasti. Venuje sa tiež otazke tzv. pet pasu, najdoležitejšieho identifikačneho dokladu, vyžadovaneho pre spoločenske zvierata na uzemi EU. Možno v nej najsť aj definicie najčastejšie použivanej terminologie.

  15. O českých a slovenských metódach vyhnutia sa udržateľnému rozvoju

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mikuláš Huba

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Doteraz som svojim príspevkom zvykol dávať prevažne optimistické názvy ako napríklad: Smerom k TU budúcnosti, Smerovanie k udržateľnému/udržateľnejšiemu regiónu XY a podobne. Myslím, že dozrel čas, stručne analyzovať metódy, ktoré tzv. kompetentní v oboch našich nástupníckych republikách používajú na to, aby sa smerovaniu k udržateľnejšej budúcnosti vyhli. Tie metódy sú na Slovensku a v Česku v niečom podobné, a v niečom sa líšia.

  16. Prostorový LED zobrazovač

    OpenAIRE

    Kováč, Michal

    2013-01-01

    Bakalárska práca sa zaoberá návrhom priestorového zobrazovača tvoreného sieťou RGB LED usporiadaných do matice 8x8x8. Práca rozoberá možnosti usporiadania diód vzhľadom k minimalizácii počtu vývodov ako aj výrobu navrhnutej siete. Zariadenie je ovládané pomocou obvodu FPGA na vývojovej doske Spartan-3 Starter Kit a v práci je popísaný obslužný obvod. Informácie o zobrazovanom texte a animáciach sú do obvodu prenášané z počítača pomocou rozhrania USB. Zobrazovač tvoria okrem Spartan-3 Starter ...

  17. Výroba kapalných biopaliv s využitím enzymatické hydrolýzy odpadního papíru

    OpenAIRE

    Roštek, Martin

    2015-01-01

    Táto bakalárska práca sa zaoberá rešeršným zhrnutím aktuálnych poznatkov o procese enzymatickej hydrolýzy, s vyžitím odpadového papiera ako suroviny, za cieľom jeho konverzie na kvapalné biopalivo. V rámci práce sú zhrnuté všeobecné poznatky o lignocelulózových surovinách a ich zdrojoch, prehľad dostupných metód hydrolýzy pre dané materiály a fermentačné technológie, a tiež sumarizácia súčasne využívaných metód zefektívňujúcich proces enzymatickej hydrolýzy. V ďalšej časti práce sa nachádza p...

  18. Změna formy živnostenského podnikání

    OpenAIRE

    Megová, Simona

    2012-01-01

    Táto bakalárska práca sa zaoberá zmenou formy živnostenského podniku na spoločnosť s ručením obmedzeným. Informuje o výhodách a nevýhodách spoločnosti s ručením obmedzeným oproti živnosti a navrhuje postup pri založení spoločnosti. Cieľom bakalárskej práce je poskytnúť firme Mego pravdivé a aktuálne informácie o výhodách a nevýhodách transformácie živnosti na spoločnosť s ručením obmedzeným a navrhnúť postup pri zmene právnej formy, ako aj rozvoji spoločnosti....

  19. Analýza sendvičových panelů zatížených tlakem metodou konečných prvků

    OpenAIRE

    Seman, Matúš

    2016-01-01

    Bakalárska práca sa venuje možnostiam výpočtového modelovania porúch vznikajúcich v sendvičových paneloch pod tlakovým zaťažením s využitím metódy konečných prvkov. Úvodná, teoretická, časť je zameraná na požiadavky kladené na sendvičové konštrukcie, ako aj matematickú formuláciu konštitutívnych vzťahov. Cieľom praktickej časti bolo stanoviť vhodné spôsoby formulácie problému straty stability s aplikáciou na konkrétne laboratórne vzorky. Analýza bola vykonaná v nelineárnych riešičoch programo...

  20. Empowering student leaders to nurture the first year experience through cross-cultural diversity. A Practice Report Nāu te raurau, Nāku te raurau, ka ora ai te iwi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Deborah Laurs

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Victoria University offers a number of peer-support and mentoring programs for first-year students, including Te Pūtahi Atawahi (mentoring and holistic support for Māori and Pasifika students, PASS (Peer Assisted Study Support and Campus Coaches (Orientation Week guides. In the past, despite having similar goals of providing peer-support to foster a sense of community, such programs have operated in isolation. However, a recent initiative has seen the development of a core leadership training module, jointly designed and delivered by staff from Te Pūtahi Atawhai and Student Learning Support. Seeking to equip student-leaders with an understanding of some of the holistic Māori values, Kotahitanga (unity, Ako (teaching and learning, Manaakitanga (empathy/hospitality, Whakamana (respect, Whakanui (acknowledging success, Whakawhanaungatanga (building strong networks and Rangatiratanga (ability to bring groups together/Self-direction, this core training offers the potential to strengthen Treaty of Waitangi relationships and nurture inter-cultural awareness, developing a pan-university sense of belongingness in the process. 

  1. Mikroprogram pre riadenie procesu spájania operandov v architektúre DF KPI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Norbert Ádám

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available V článku uvedená architektúra je založená na výpočtovom modeli „data flow“, v ktorom riadenie výpočtu je založené na spracovaní toku dát. Základným prvkom DF architektúry je koordinačný procesor (CP, ktorý je zodpovedný za riadenie a organizáciu vykonávania inštrukcií. Štruktúrna organizácia CP je navrhnutá ako dynamický multifunkčný systém. Pri vykonávaní operácií môže CP prechádzať rôznymi stavmi, v dôsledku čoho táto jednotka predstavuje dynamický prúdový systém. Prechod a poradie prechodu medzi jednotlivými stavmi CP je podmienený typom spracovaného operátora pri interpretovaní prúdu operandov. Z možných typov operátorov, článok uvádza mikroprogramové riadenie pre jednovstupové operátory.

  2. Analýza bezpečnosti bezdrátových sítí

    OpenAIRE

    Bencel, Jozef

    2009-01-01

    Práca sa zaoberá bezdrôtovými sieťami štandardu 802.11 a možnosťami ich zabezpečenia. Sú popísané spôsoby zabezpečenia ako skrývanie SSID, filtrácia MAC adries, protokoly WEP, WPA, WPA2. Popísané sú aj najčastejšie spôsoby útokov na tieto siete (DoS, odhalenie WEP hesla, Man-in-the-Middle). Súčasťou práce je prieskum bezdrôtových sietí v oblasti Brna poukazujúci na používaný spôsob zabezpečenia (WEP, WPA, WPA2) v týchto sieťach. Použité aplikácie pre meranie boli NetStumbler a InSSIDer. Ďalšo...

  3. Revising a personal genome by comparing and combining data from two different sequencing platforms.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Deokhoon Kim

    Full Text Available For the robust practice of genomic medicine, sequencing results must be compatible, regardless of the sequencing technologies and algorithms used. Presently, genome sequencing is still an imprecise science and is complicated by differences in the chemistry, coverage, alignment, and variant-calling algorithms. We identified ~3.33 million single nucleotide variants (SNVs and ~3.62 million SNVs in the SJK genome using SOLiD and Illumina data, respectively. Approximately 3 million SNVs were concordant between the two platforms while 68,532 SNVs were discordant; 219,616 SNVs were SOLiD-specific and 516,080 SNVs were Illumina-specific (i.e., platform-specific. Concordant, discordant, and platform-specific SNVs were further analyzed and characterized. Overall, a large portion of heterozygous SNVs that were discordant with genotyping calls of single nucleotide polymorphism chips were highly confident. Approximately 70% of the platform-specific SNVs were located in regions containing repetitive sequences. Such platform-specificity may arise from differences between platforms, with regard to read length (36 bp and 72 bp vs. 50 bp, insert size (~100-300 bp vs. ~1-2 kb, sequencing chemistry (sequencing-by-synthesis using single nucleotides vs. ligation-based sequencing using oligomers, and sequencing quality. When data from the two platforms were merged for variant calling, the proportion of callable regions of the reference genome increased to 99.66%, which was 1.43% higher than the average callability of the two platforms, representing ~40 million bases. In this study, we compared the differences in sequencing results between two sequencing platforms. Approximately 90% of the SNVs were concordant between the two platforms, yet ~10% of the SNVs were either discordant or platform-specific, indicating that each platform had its own strengths and weaknesses. When data from the two platforms were merged, both the overall callability of the reference genome and

  4. The Use and Abuse of Jus Nexi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Noah Benjamin Novogrodsky

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper uses Shachar’s conception of jus nexi to explore three interrelated ideas. I first contend that Shachar’s analysis of the monetary value of birthright citizenship may be applied to temporary workers, lawful permanent residents and naturalized citizens as an exposé of inherited privilege in diverse communities and as a means of identifying which forms of membership and belonging are worth owning. Second, I use the idea of jus nexi to question which additional work relationships and identity networks that might qualify as genuine connections to a given state. Finally, I question whether an operationalized version of jus nexi, that is an alternative category of citizenship, would supplant or complement existing jus soli and jus sanguinis rules. Here, I seek to apply Shachar’s theoretical contributions to current political debates and warn that a genuine connection test is increasingly being misused to support a nativist agenda.Cet article fait appel à la conception du jus nexi de Shachar pour explorer trois idées inter-reliées. Premièrement, nous soutenons que l’analyse de la valeur monétaire de la citoyenneté par droit de naissance de Shachar peut être appliquée aux travailleurs temporaires, aux résidents permanents qui ont un statut légal et aux citoyens naturalisés en tant qu’exposé des privilèges hérités dans des communautés différentes et comme un moyen d’identifier les formes d’appartenance et d’être ensemble qu’il vaut la peine de posséder. Deuxièmement, nous faisons appel à l’idée de jus nexi pour questionner les relations de travail additionnelles et les réseaux identitaires qui pourraient être reconnues en tant que liens authentiques à un État donné. Enfin, nous nous demandons si une version opérationnelle du jus nexi, entendons une catégorie alternative de citoyenneté, complèterait ou remplacerait les règles existantes du jus soli et du jus sanguinis. Ici, nous essayons d

  5. Modelling height to diameter ratio – an opportunity to increase Norway spruce stand stability in the Western Carpathians

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bošeľa Michal

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Smrek je jednou z najrozšírenejších a ekonomicky najdôležitejších ihličnatých drevín v Európe. Taktiež je drevinou veľmi často poškodzovanou vetrovými kalamitami. Štíhlostný kvocient (pomer výšky a hrúbky stromu sa považuje za vhodný indikátor statickej stability jednotlivých stromov a porastov. Preto cieľom práce bola identifikácia hlavných faktorov, ktoré majú významný vplyv na hodnoty kvocientu. Jednoduchý model bol vytvorený ako pomôcka pre lesníka pri rozhodovaní o intenzite prebierok v smrekových porastoch s cieľom potenciálneho zvýšenia statickej stability a zachovania optimálnej produkcie. Využili sa údaje Národnej inventarizácie a monitoringu lesov SR (260 plôch a taktiež údaje z predchádzajúcich výskumných projektov (48 plôch tak aby reprezentovali čo najširšie rozpätie ekologických podmienok, v ktorých smrek v súčasnosti rastie. Výsledky ukázali, že najvýznamnejšími ekologickými faktormi boli: nadmorská výška a bonita stanovišťa. Taktiež niektoré porastové charakteristiky sa významne podieľali na variabilite kvocientu: podiel koruny z výšky stromu, hustota porastu a stredná porastová výška reprezentujúca rastovú fázu porastu. Výsledky ďalej preukázali, že ekologické podmienky sú významnejšie ako porastové charakteristiky, a preto tieto treba brať do úvahy pri rozhodovacom procese. To znamená, že ak sa porast nachádza na pre smrek veľmi bonitnom stanovišti, sú potrebné silnejšie prebierky od mladých rastových fáz, aby sa ovplyvňovaním hrúbkového prírastku vyrovnal vplyv rýchleho výškového rastu. Zároveň je dôležitá rozdielna intenzita výškového a hrúbkového rastu počas vývoja porastu

  6. Selected Issues of Legislation with regard to Operating Pharmacies in the Slovak Republic / Vybrané problémy právnej úpravy prevádzkovania lekární v podmienkach Slovenskej republiky

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Capandová Petra

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Medzi základné práva a slobody, upravené v druhej hlave Ústavy Slovenskej republiky patrí aj právo na ochranu zdravia, bezplatnú zdravotnú starostlivosť na základe zdravotného poistenia, právo na zdravotnícke pomôcky za zákonom stanovených podmienok. Tieto práva sú garantované v ustanovení Čl. 40 Ústavy Slovenskej republiky v rámci ekonomických, sociálnych a kultúrnych práv a vzťahujú sa na každú fyzickú osobu, t. j. na človeka. Keďže sú tieto práva považované za ľudské práva v zmysle medzinárodného práva, sú garantované aj v mnohostranných medzinárodných zmluvách, ktorých signatárom je aj Slovenská republika, ako napríklad Medzinárodný pakt o hospodárskych, sociálnych a kultúrnych právach. Právna úprava prevádzkovania lekární v Slovenskej republike zahŕňa široké spektrum otázok a je pomerne rozsiahla. Snahou zákonodarcu bolo nastaviť také pravidlá, ktoré by stransparentnili a zjednodušili právne prostredie v tomto sektore. V niektorých oblastiach sú pravidlá dané legislatívou Európskej únie a slovenský právny poriadok ich iba prevzal. Najdôležitejším prvokom v tejto sfére, ktorý nie je priamo upravovaný legislatívou EÚ, je poskytovanie lekárenskej starostlivosti a využívanie systému verejného zdravotného poistenia v tejto oblasti. Hlavným cieľom príspevku je poukázať na vybrané problémy, ktoré sa spájajú s postavením prevádzkovateľa lekárne a jeho povinnosťami, ktoré mu vyplývajú zo zákona o liekoch a s ktorými sa musí ako prevádzkovateľ lekárne vysporiadať. Táto oblasť podnikania je pomerne prísne regulovaná a preto je potrebné byť oboznámený s príslušnými právnymi predpismi. Príspevok z právno-teoretického hľadiska rieši viaceré otázky upravené v zákone o liekoch, či vyhláške o správnej lekárenskej praxi.

  7. Dora Maček: Nijanse modrog u pjesmama Susanne Jorn

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Susanne Jorn

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Pjesništvo Susanne Jorn intimno je s mnogo kratkih pjesama koje često izražavaju osjećaje, atmosferu i dojmove. Tu su osobna viđenja prirode i ljudi, doživljena, mogli bismo reći, na slikarski način. Boje su gotovo redoviti sastavni dio tih doživljaja i kao na slikama, stvaraju dramatičnu ili smirenu atmosferu. One su izraz prirode koja okružuje pjesnikinju, ali su i izraz osjećaja i duševnih stanja. To se jasno pokazuje u zbirci Ne sada već sad, čiji je okvir paleta plavih boja. Druga scena njezine poezije sličice su iz japanskog života i japanske umjetnosti i pjesništva, koje mnogo puta prenosi u svoju dansku okolinu. U zbirci Ne sada već sad mnoge su pjesme prizori iz Danske ili Tokija, ali i drugih krajeva svijeta gdje je boravila. Ipak, njezino je pjesništvo prije svega vezano uz nordijsko nebo, zemlju i kulturu te sjećanja na oca (poznatog danskog likovnog umjetnika Asgera Jorna, koji je u svojim djelima spajao različite vrste umjetnosti. Asger Jorn bio je član poznate transnacionalne udruge CoBrA, koja je djelovala početkom 1950-ih godina. U mnoge se pjesme određenih osjećaja i ozračja skladno uklapaju i japanski i danski krajolici te japanski i, ako tako možemo reći, nordijski pjesnički izraz. Unatoč vrlo intimnoj poeziji, kao i većina skandinavskih pjesnika i pjesnikinja, Susanne Jorn osjetljiva je na sudbu današnjeg čovjeka bilo gdje u svijetu i ona nalazi značajno mjesto u njezinu pjesništvu.

  8. Informacioni sistemi održavanja u Vojsci Srbije i Crne Gore i okruženju / Informational systems of maintenance in the Army of Serbia and Montenegro and environment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saša Veselinović

    2005-05-01

    Full Text Available Efikasno upravljanje sistemom održavanja moguće je samo ako vrh upravljačke strukture ima pravovremene i kvalitetne informacije o stanju sistema. Ovakve informacije moguće je obezbediti primenom odgovarajućeg automatizovanog informacionog sistema. U svetu postoje programski paketi za automatizaciju informacionog sistema održavanja pomoću kojih se vode podaci o stanju sredstava, toku održavanja, troškovima, nabavci rezervnih delova, a pojedini sistemi omogućavaju i statističko predviđanje otkaza. Informacioni sistem održavanja koji funkcioniše u Vojsci Srbije i Crne Gore je manuelan, a uspostavljen je pre uvođenja računara u operativnu upotrebu. Tokom eksploatacije sistem je više puta dograđivan i prilagođavan za automatizaciju. Aplikacije koje su trenutno u funkciji u pojedinim jedinicama nisu sistemsko rešenje već pokušaji entuzijasta da olakšaju deo aktivnosti u svom radu, a vezane su prvenstveno za izradu izveštaja. / Management of system of maintenance on effective -way is possible only if management has opportune and quality information about state of system. Providing opportune and quality information is possible only with appropriate automotive information system. In The World exist many programs for automation information systems of maintenance, -which observe a data about condition of equipments, flow of maintenance, a costs, purchasing of pans, and some of them provide statistical predicting of failures. Information system of maintenance, which functioning in Military forces of State Union of Serbia and Montenegro, is manual and established before implementation of personal computer in operative use, but through couple projects accomplished for automation. A program, which are in use, in some units, aren't system solution, then attempting group enthusiastic people to make easiest some activity in his work on making reports.

  9. »Kommunikation und Kybernetik in Einzeldarstellungen”. Herausgegeben von H. Wolter und W. D. Keidel. Band 2: Structural Linguistics and Human Communication. An Introduction into the Mechanism of Language and the Methodology of Linguistics By Bertil Malmbe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Žarko Muljačić

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Za razliku od priručnika istog pisca New Trends in Linguistics. An Orientation, Stockholm-Lund 1964 (koji predstavlja dotjerani i ažurirani prijevod švedskog originala iz 1959. god. i o kome v. recenziju koju smo objavili u »ZFLMS« X, Novi Sad 1967, str. 181-188, ova je odlična monografija namijenjena uzem krugu čitalaca koji već imaju dovoljnih znanja iz lingvistike i fonetike ili iz društvenih i prirodnih nauka, kojima su od koristi tekovine i metode suvremene lingvistike (psihologija, fonijatrija, logoterapija, metodika učenja stranih jezika, nauka o komunikacijama i sl.. Autor, ugledni romanist i profesor fonetike na sveučilištu u Lundu, a od nedavna i na Sorbonni, svijestan je opasnosti da će lingvistika, prikazana prvenstveno kao znanost koja studira jezično komuniciranje ljudi, nužno morati da se pozabavi i vrlo širokim krugom problema pa će tako neka poglavlja ispasti za jedne čitaoce prekomplicirapa a za druge preelementarna. Drugačije međutim nije moglo biti ako se željelo na relativno malenom prostoru prikazati tako različite pojmove kao sto su fonemi i značenje, decibeli i jezicna promjena, knjizevni stil i govorne smetnje. Metodski pristup gradi i kompozicija sasvim su drugačiji nego u New Trends in Linguistics. Dok su tamo poglavlja posvečena pojedinim lingvističkim školama i pravcima (a samo indirektno i nekim skupinama problema ukoliko se neka škola uglavnom njiina bavila, ova je monografija obrađena problemski.

  10. Modified Zeolites in Ground Water Treatment/ Modifikované Zeolity V Úprave Podzemných Vôd

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barloková Danka

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Článok prezentuje výsledky technologických skúšok vykonaných v UV Kúty. Cieľom tejto práce bolo porovnať modifikované (povrchovo upravené zeolity známe ako klinoptilolit (veľké nálezisko klinoptilolitu bolo objavené na Východnom Slovensku v 1980-tych rokoch s dovážaným povrchovo upraveným zeolitom z náleziska v Maďarsku. Klinopur-Mn a Klinomangan boli použité pre odstraňovanie železa a mangánu z podzemnej vody na dosiahnutie limitných hodnôt pre pitnú vodu podľa Nariadenia vlády č. 496/2010 Z.z. Sledované materiály vykazovali rôznu účinnosť odstraňovania mangánu z vody, na účinnosť odstraňovania mala významný vplyv kvalita upravovanej vody (obsah kyslíka, hodnota pH. V prípade odstraňovania železa z vody kvalita surovej vody nie je limitujúcim faktorom, obidva materiály odstraňovali železo z vody pod limitnú hodnotu (0,2 mg.l-1.

  11. Ugovor o zajedničkom pothvatu (joint venture u naftnom sektoru

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ratko Brnabić

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available U radu se raspravlja o ugovoru o zajedničkom pothvatu koji je praktički neizostavan dio svake ozbiljnije operacije istraživanja, a potom i iskorištavanja ugljikovodika (proizvodnja naftnih derivata. Riječ je o skupom pothvatu uz koji se vezuju brojni rizici pa trgovci u tom području žele sklapanjem takvog ugovora zadržati mogućnost (izglede da ostvare dobit, ali pritom podijele rizik. U prvom dijelu rada daje se prikaz bitnih značajki zajedničkog pothvata s posebnim osvrtom na područje iskorištavanja ugljikovodika. S obzirom na okolnost da se za potrebe zajedničkog pothvata često osniva trgovačko društvo kapitala, raspravlja se o pravnim odnosima članova tog društva međusobno te prema upravi društva. Skreće se pozornost i na razlike u značenju pojma joint venture posebice u američkom i hrvatskom pravu što može izazvati ozbiljne pravne učinke ako ortaci nemaju sjedište u istoj državi. Nakon toga, obrađuju se bitna pitanja koja ugovorne strane neizostavno moraju urediti da bi se izbjegli sudski sporovi. To su, primjerice, pitanje područja istraživanja, pravni položaj operatora, sredstva osiguranja, standard kvalitete pri obavljanju poslova, pravo na informiranje i nadzor te pitanje sustava rješavanja sukoba u ortaštvu. U zaključku se iznose rezultati istraživanja te se upućuje na moguća rješenja za otvorena pitanja uređenja međusobnog odnosa ortaka u zajedničkom pothvatu.

  12. Characterization of the binding properties of T-773 as a PET radioligand for phosphodiesterase 10A

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Introduction: Phosphodiesterase 10A (PDE10A) is a dual-substrate PDE that hydrolyzes both cAMP and cGMP and is selectively expressed in striatal medium spiny neurons. Recent studies have suggested that PDE10A inhibition is a novel approach for the treatment of disorders such as schizophrenia and Huntington's disease. A positron emission tomography (PET) occupancy study can provide useful information for the development of PDE10A inhibitors. We discovered T-773 as a candidate PET radioligand for PDE10A and investigated its properties by in vitro autoradiography and a PET study in a monkey. Methods: Profiling of T-773 as a PET radioligand for PDE10A was conducted by in vitro enzyme inhibitory assay, in vitro autoradiography, and PET study in a monkey. Results: T-773 showed a high binding affinity and selectivity for human recombinant PDE10A2 in vitro; the IC50 value in an enzyme inhibitory assay was 0.77 nmol/L, and selectivity over other PDEs was more than 2500-fold. In autoradiography studies using mouse, rat, monkey, or human brain sections, radiolabeled T-773 selectively accumulated in the striatum. This selective accumulation was not observed in the brain sections of Pde10a-KO mice. The binding of [3H]T-773 to PDE10A in rat brain sections was competitively inhibited by MP-10, a selective PDE10A inhibitor. In rat brain sections, [3H]T-773 bound to a single high affinity site of PDE10A with Kd values of 12.2 ± 2.2 and 4.7 ± 1.2 nmol/L in the caudate-putamen and nucleus accumbens, respectively. In a monkey PET study, [11C]T-773 showed good brain penetration and striatum-selective accumulation. Conclusion: These results suggest that [11C]T-773 is a potential PET radioligand for PDE10A

  13. On Theories for Reacting Immiscible Mixtures

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Drumheller, D.S.

    1998-11-05

    On some small scale each constituent of an immiscible mixture occupies a separate region of space. Given sufficient time and computing power, we could solve the continuum field equations and boundary conditions for this het erogenous system. This usually represents an enormously difficult task that is well beyond today's computational ca- pabilities. Mixture theories approximate this complex heterogeneous formulation with a set of field equations for an equivalent homoge- neous mat erial. In this work, we compare the theory for immiscible mixtures by Drumheller and Bedford with the theory of Passman, Nunziato, and Walsh. We describe the conditions under which these theories reduce to an equivalent formulation, and we also investigate the differences in their microinertial descriptions. Two variables play special roles in both theories. They are t he true material density and the volume fraction. Here we use a kinematical approach based on two new variables-t he true deformation gradient and the distention gradient. We show how the true deformation gra- dient is connected to the true material density and, in the absence of chemical reactions, the volume fraction is the inverse of the deter- minant of the distention gradient. However, when chemical reactions occur, the distention gradient and the volume fraction are not directly connected. We ako present a mixture model for a granuIar expIosive. This model is based upon the work of Baer and Nunziato, but our theory differs from their work in that we Present a three-dimension-al rnodd, `.. ` - - we cast the constitutive postulates in terms of the distention gradient rather than the volume fraction, and we incorporate elastic-plastic effects into the constitutive description of the solid granules.

  14. Vplyv sofistikovaného hybridného Honeypotu na efektivitu architektúry systému detekcie prieniku v distribuovaných počítačových

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martin Chovanec

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Pri súčasnom vývoji technológií, rapídnom raste počítačových sietí a distribuovaných systémov, je reálne riziko útoku čoraz pravdepodobnejšie. Pre zvýšenie samotnej bezpečnosti systémov už bolo vytvorených a implementovaných množstvo riešení, ktoré mali slúžiť na detekciu a/alebo prevenciu pred samotnými útokmi. Najpoužívanejšie riešenie predstavuje použitie systému na detekciu prieniku (IDS v kooperácii s firewallom. Avšak ani IDS a ani firewall nedokážu reagovať v reálnom čase, pokiaľ sa jedná o špecifický typ útoku. Táto práca sa zaoberá detekčným mechanizmom na báze technológie Honeypot a jeho využitím v navrhovanej architektúre pre zvýšenie bezpečnosti v počítačových systémoch. Podstatou práce je poukázať na to, ako dokáže sofistikovaný hybridný Honeypot vplývať na dizajn architektúry IDS a tým zvýšiť jej efektivitu.

  15. Chuck Palahniuk: Negdje mora puknuti / S engleskog prevela Valentina Lisak

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chuck Palahniuk

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Iza zaključanih vrata zahoda u stražnjem dijelu antikvarnice Claire Upton razgovara na telefon. Glas joj odjekuje od poda i zidova: Koliko je teško provaliti nadzornu kameru? Ukrasti snimku? upita svog muža i počne plakati.U zadnjih tjedan dana bila je u tom dućanu već tri ili četiri puta. Jedan od onih gdje moraš ostaviti torbu na blagajni, inače te ne puste unutra. Moraš ostaviti i kaput, ako ima duboke, prostrane džepove. I kišobran, jer bi ljudi u nabore mogli ubacivati sitne predmete, češljeve, nakit i druge drangulije. Kraj starog blagajnika stoji sivi karton na kojem crnim markerom piše: “Ne volimo kad nas kradete!”Skidajući kaput, Claire reče: “Ja nisam lopov.”Stari blagajnik pogledom ju je odmjerio od glave do pete. Coknuo je jezikom i pitao: “Po čemu ste vi iznimka?”Za svaki ostavljeni predmet dao je Claire polovicu karte. Za torbicu hercova asa. Za kaput trefovu devetku. Za kišobran pikovu trojku.Pogledom je prešao preko Claireinih ruku, obrisa džepova na prsima i najlonki tražeći izbočine, nešto ukradeno. Iza prednjeg pulta po cijeloj su trgovini visjeli mali natpisi koji su upozoravali da je ovdje zabranjeno krasti. Kamere su nadzirale svaki prolaz, svaki kutak i sve prikazivale na malenom ekranu punom drugih ekrana. Trezor malih, crno-bijelih tv-ekrana iza blagajne gdje je sjedio starac i sve ih promatrao.

  16. Energetski izazovi: europska gledišta i francuski odgovori

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bosiljka Britvić Vetma

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Europska unija nastoji poboljšati europsko energetsko tržište na način da bude bolje koordinirano, jer u ujedinjenoj Europi nije više moguće djelovati izdvojeno. Proizvodnja energije iz obnovljivih izvora velikih razmjera zahtijeva međusobno povezano europsko energetsko tržište, ako se žele postići ciljevi utvrđeni programom „Energija i klima“ usvojenim 2009. Cilj je ovog rada utvrditi na koji način utječu pravila europskog prava na pravno normiranje u energetskim pitanjima i borbi protiv globalnog zatopljenja. Razvoj energija koje ne emitiraju ugljični dioksid u skladu je s ciljevima koje postavlja Europska unija, koji se u tom području oslanja na regije, a ne više na same države koje nisu uvijek u mogućnosti provesti definirane ambiciozne ciljeve. Energija nastavlja ovisiti u većini slučajeva o snazi država i europska nadležnost je ograničena. Europska unija sudjeluje uglavnom u koordiniranju i podržavanju nacionalnih politika, u okviru odredaba koje se odnose na transeuropske mreže i u okviru politike zaštite okoliša. U načelu, mjere koje se odnose na izbor svake države između različitih izvora energije i na opću strukturu njene opskrbe energijom jednoglasno su usvojene. Posebna pozornost posvećena je uspoređivanju francuskih pravnih pravila koja se primjenjuju u razvoju obnovljivih izvora energije, prilagodbi obnovljivim izvorima energije prava o zaštiti okoliša i urbanističkog planiranja i važnosti nadzora, s europskim pravnim standardima reguliranja.

  17. New Rules for Acquisition of Agricultural Land – – Case of Slovakia / Nové Pravidlá Pre Nadobúdanie Vlastníctva K Poľnohospodárskej Pôde – – Prípad Slovenska

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lazíková Jarmila

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Príspevok analyzuje vývoj právnej úpravy devízového zákona vo vzťahu k nadobúdaniu pôdy cudzincami vrátane nového zákona č. 140/2014 Z.z. o nadobúdaní vlastníctva poľnohospodárskeho pozemku a o zmene a doplnení niektorých zákonov, ktorý vstúpil do platnosti 1. Júna 2014. Tento zákon neobmedzuje len nadobúdanie pôdy cudzincami, ale aj občanmi Slovenska. Na základe zákona, vlastník poľnohospodárskej pôdy na Slovensku je oprávnený bez ďalších obmedzení previesť pozemok do vlastníctva (a osobe, ktorá vykonáva poľnohospodársku výrobu ako podnikanie najmenej tri roky predo dňom uzavretia zmluvy o prevode vlastníctva poľnohospodárskeho pozemku v obci, v ktorej sa poľnohospodársky pozemok nachádza, (b spoluvlastníkovi poľnohospodárskeho pozemku, (c príbuznej osobe, v prípade, že vlastníkom je fyzická osoba.

  18. A C-type lectin receptor pathway is responsible for the pathogenesis of acute cyclophosphamide-induced cystitis in mice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dejima, Takashi; Shibata, Kensuke; Yamada, Hisakata; Takeuchi, Ario; Hara, Hiromitsu; Eto, Masatoshi; Naito, Seiji; Yoshikai, Yasunobu

    2013-12-01

    Hemorrhagic cystitis often arises after cyclophosphamide (CYP) administration. As yet, however, the mechanism involved in its pathogenesis is unknown. In this study, it was found that the Fc receptor γ chain (FcRγ)- caspase recruitment domain-containing protein 9 (CARD9)-dependent pathway rather than the myeloid differentiation primary response gene 88 (MyD88)-dependent pathway is involved in the pathogenesis of acute CYP-induced cystitis in mice. Rapid and transient production of interleukin (IL)-6 and IL-1β was detected in the bladder at 4 hr, preceding IL-23 and IL-17A production and an influx of neutrophils, which reached a peak at 24 hr after injection. As assessed by weight, edema and neutrophil infiltration, cystitis was significantly attenuated in CARD9 knockout (KO) and FcRγKO mice, this attenuation being accompanied by impaired production of IL-1β, IL-6, IL-23 and IL-17A. The major source of IL-17A is the vesical γδ T cell population: IL-17AKO, CδKO and Tyk2KO mice showed little IL-17A production and reduced neutrophil infiltration in the bladder after CYP injection. These results suggest that FcRγ-CARD9-dependent production of proinflammatory cytokines such as IL-1β, IL-6, and IL-23 and the subsequent activation of IL-17A-producing γδ T cells are at least partly involved in the pathogenesis of acute CYP-induced cystitis in mice. PMID:24102807

  19. Above-ground net primary productivity in young stands of beech and spruce

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pajtík Jozef

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available V tejto práci sme pomocou kombinácií kontinuálnych meraní a deštruktívnych odberov vzorníkov sledovali a porovnali zásobu nadzemnej biomasy a ročnú primárnu produkciu (NPP v prirodzene obnovených mladých porastoch buka a smreka. Na vybranej lokalite predpokladáme, že zmenené klimatické podmienky budú lepšie vyhovovať buku pred v súčasnosti prevládajúcim smrekom. Lokalita Vrchslatina sa nachádza v južnej časti Veporských vrchov v nadmorskej výške 977 m nad morom (48° 38΄ 50΄΄ N, 19° 36΄ 07΄΄ E. Priemerné ročné zrážky sa pohybujú okolo 900 mm, priemerná ročná teplota je 5,2 °C. Na sledovanej lokalite sme pozorovali odlišný priebeh rastu buka a smreka. Pri buku bola pozorovaná menšia medziročná mortalita, udržiaval sa až prehustený zápoj, v ktorom sa aj podúrovňové stromy snažili dostať do úrovne. Toto sa prejavilo na tvare kmeňov, ktoré sú tenké a vysoké. Štíhlostný koeficient sa pri stromoch so strednou hrúbkou a strednou výškou postupne zvyšoval od 1,19 do 1,40. Pri smreku dochádza k vyššej mortalite, vrastavé a podúrovňové stromy odumierajú z dôvodu nedostatku svetla. Stromy rastú viac do hrúbky, čo sa odráža aj na štíhlostnom koeficiente, ktorý bol po celé obdobie viac-menej konštantný a pohyboval sa v rozpätí 0,89 až 0,93 (tab. 1. Zásoby kmeňa sú pri smreku v jednotlivých rokoch o 3 - 10 m3.ha-1 väčšie ako pri buku (tab. 3. Po prepočítaní na sušinu je vplyvom rozdielnej objemovej hmotnosti (obr. 5 celková zásoba sušiny drevných častí (kmeň a konáre väčšia pri buku (tab. 3. Najväčší rozdiel medzi drevinami je v zásobe asimilačných orgánov, ktorá je pri smreku viac než trojnásobná (tab. 3 a 4. Počas rastu dochádza pri obidvoch drevinách k zvyšovaniu podielu kmeňa a znižovaniu podielu asimilačných orgánov (obr. 2. Hlavný medzidruhový rozdiel pri pomerne vyrovnaných hektárových zásobách je v

  20. Pixel Analysis and Plasma Dynamics Characterized by Photospheric Spectral Data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rasca, Anthony P.; Chen, James; Pevtsov, Alexei A.

    2016-05-01

    Recent observations of the photosphere using high spatial and temporal resolutions show small dynamic features at the resolving limit during emerging flux events. However, line-of-sight (LOS) magnetogram pixels only contain the net uncanceled magnetic flux, which is expected to increase for fixed regions as resolution limits improve. A new pixel dynamics method uses spectrographic images to characterize photospheric absorption line profiles by variations in line displacement, width, asymmetry, and peakedness and is applied to quiet-sun regions, active regions with no eruption, and an active region with an ongoing eruption. Using Stokes I images from SOLIS/VSM on 2012 March 13, variations in line width and peakedness of Fe I 6301.5 Å are shown to have a strong spatial and temporal relationship with an M7.9 X-ray flare originating from NOAA 11429. This relationship is observed as a flattening in the line profile as the X-ray flare approaches peak intensity and was not present in area scans of a non-eruptive active region on 2011 April 14. These results are used to estimate dynamic plasma properties on sub-pixel scales and provide both spatial and temporal information of sub-pixel activity at the photosphere. The analysis can be extended to include the full Stokes parameters and study signatures of magnetic fields and coupled plasma properties.

  1. The dazed and confused identity of Agassiz’s land tortoise, Gopherus agassizii (Testudines: Testudinidae with the description of a new species and its consequences for conservation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robert Murphy

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available We investigate a cornucopia of problems associated with the identity of the desert tortoise, Gopherus agassizii Cooper. The date of publication is found to be 1861, rather than 1863. Only one of the three original cotypes exists, and it is designated as the lectotype of the species. Another cotype is found to have been destroyed in the 1906 San Francisco earthquake and subsequent fire. The third is lost. The lectotype is genetically confirmed to be from California, and not Arizona, USA as sometimes reported. Maternally, the holotype of G. lepidocephalus Ottley et Velázques Solis, 1989 from the Cape Region of Baja California Sur, Mexico is also from the Mojavian population of the desert tortoise, and not from Tiburon Island, Sonora, Mexico as previously proposed. A suite of characters serve to diagnose tortoises west and north of the Colorado River, the Mojavian population, from those east and south of the river in Arizona, USA and Sonora and Sinaloa, Mexico, the Sonoran population. Species recognition is warranted and because G. lepidocephalus is from the Mojavian population no names are available for the Sonoran species. Thus, a new species, Gopherus morafkai sp. n., is named and this action reduces the distribution of G. agassizii to only 30% of its former range. This reduction has important implications for the conservation and protection of G. agassizii, which may deserve a higher level of protection.

  2. CORPORATE IDENTITY IN HANDLING A BUSINESS ENTITY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Margarita Mikhaylovna OZEROVA

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper explored urgency in seeking a personal identity for a corporate body. A Corporate identity gains in im-portance while upgrading the corporate culture. The corpo-rate identity consolidates the members of the staff for the sake of the common mission that makes for both a well-balanced development of an enterprise in economy terms and every member of the team, while facilitating awareness of the proper conduct required, i.e. showing respect, soli-darity and goodwill to the colleagues. The paper also speci-fied the properties, characteristics and basic duties of the corporate identity appearing for a an interface that is capa-ble not only of encouraging a productive activity but also helps employees realize their personal value for the com-mon cause. The study mentioned that even in case of one and only corporate identity, one can assume not only in-crease of labour productivity, but also some positive atti-tude changes in the employees to their professional duties performance, an increased interest in achieving jointly advancement of the company, and attitude changes in the scale of values and orientations.

  3. BIORREMEDIACIÓN DE UN SUELO CON DIESEL MEDIANTE EL USO DE MICROORGANISMOS AUTÓCTONOS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ARRIETA RAMÍREZ OLGA MARIA

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available En este estudio, se aisló y caracterizó bioquímica y molecularmente un consorcio bacteriano capaz de degradar los diferentes hidrocarburos presentes en un combustible diesel,conformado por los siguientes géneros: Enterobacter sp, Bacillus sp, Staphylococcus aureus, Sanguibacter soli, Arthrobacter sp y Flavobacterium sp, a partir de un suelo contaminado con diesel a escala de laboratorio, y tratado mediante 2 tecnologías de biorremediación: atenuación natural y bioestimulación. Se definió como parámetro de control la concentración de Hidrocarburos Totales del Petróleo (HTP y para el cual, se obtuvo una reducción en la concentración en un periodo de 4 meses de 36,86% para atenuación natural y 50,99% para bioestimulación. La medición de la eficiencia de remoción de hidrocarburos se cuantificó por cromatografía de gases acoplada a masas (GC-MS.

  4. Correlation Between Sunspot Number and ca II K Emission Index

    CERN Document Server

    Bertello, Luca; Tlatov, Andrey; Singh, Jagdev

    2016-01-01

    Long-term synoptic observations in the resonance line of Ca II K constitute a fundamental database for a variety of retrospective analyses of the state of the solar magnetism. Synoptic Ca II K observations began in late 1904 at the Kodaikanal Observatory, in India. In early 1970s, the National Solar Observatory (NSO) at Sacramento Peak (USA) started a new program of daily Sun-as-a-star observations in the Ca II K line. Today the NSO is continuing these observations through its Synoptic Optical Long-term Investigations of the Sun (SOLIS) facility. These different data sets can be combined into a single disk-integrated Ca II K index time series that describes the average properties of the chromospheric emission over several solar cycles. We present such a Ca II K composite and discuss its correlation with the new entirely revised sunspot number data series. For this preliminary investigation, the scaling factor between pairs of time series was determined assuming a simple linear model for the relationship betwe...

  5. Wicket Fall Concept Mining From Cricket Video Using A-Priori Algorithm

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mahesh Goyani

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we propose an algorithm to detect semantic concepts from cricket video. In our previous work, we have proposed key frame detection based approach for semantic event detection andclassification. The proposed scheme works in two parts. In first part a top-down event detection and classification is performed using hierarchical tree. In second part, higher level concept is identified by applying A-Priori algorithm. In part 1, key frames are identified based on Hue Histogram difference at level 1. At level 2, logo transitions classify the frames as real-time or replay. At level 3, we classify the real time frames as field view, pitch view or non field view based on thresholds like Dominant Soli PixelRation (DSPR and Dominant Grass Pixel Ration (DGPR. At level 4, we detect close up and crowd frames based upon edge detection. At level 5a, we classify the close up frames into player of team A,player of team B and umpire based upon skin colour and corresponding jersey colour. At level 5b, we classify the crowd frames into spectators, player’s gathering of team A or player’s gathering of team B. In part two, labels are associated with each frame event, which is used as input to A-Priori algorithm for concept mining. Results at the end of paper show the robustness of our approach.

  6. Characterization of DNA variants in the human kinome in breast cancer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Agarwal, Divyansh; Qi, Yuan; Jiang, Tingting; Liu, Xiuping; Shi, Weiwei; Wali, Vikram B.; Turk, Benjamin; Ross, Jeffrey S.; Fraser Symmans, W.; Pusztai, Lajos; Hatzis, Christos

    2015-09-01

    Kinases play a key role in cancer biology, and serve as potential clinically useful targets for designing cancer therapies. We examined nucleic acid variations in the human kinome and several known cancer-related genes in breast cancer. DNA was extracted from fine needle biopsies of 73 primary breast cancers and 19 metastatic lesions. Targeted sequencing of 518 kinases and 68 additional cancer related genes was performed using the SOLiD sequencing platform. We detected 1561 unique, non-synonymous variants in kinase genes in the 92 cases, and 74 unique variants in 43 kinases that were predicted to have major functional impact on the protein. Three kinase groups—CMGC, STE and TKL—showed greater mutational load in metastatic compared to primary cancer samples, however, after correction for multiple testing the difference was significant only for the TKL group (P = 0.04). We also observed that a higher proportion of histologic grade 1 and 2 cases had high functional impact variants in the SCYL2 gene compared with grade 3 cases. Our findings indicate that individual breast cancers harbor a substantial number of potentially functionally important nucleotide variations in kinase genes, most of which are present in unique combinations and include both somatic and germline functional variants.

  7. Phenylxylylethane (PXE): a high-density, high-flashpoint organic liquid scintillator for applications in low-energy particle and astrophysics experiments

    CERN Document Server

    Rappaport, S; Balata, M; Beau, T; Bellini, G; Benziger, J; Bonetti, S; Brigatti, A; Buck, C; Caccianiga, B; Cadonati, L; Calaprice, F; Cecchet, G; Chen, M; D'Angelo, D; Dadoun, O; De Bari, A; De Bellefon, A; De Kerret, H; Derbin, A; Deutsch, M; Di Credico, A; Elisei, F; Etenko, A; Fernholz, R; Ford, R; Franco, D; Freudiger, B; Galbiati, C; Gärtner, N; Gatti, F; Gazzana, S; Giammarchi, M G; Giugni, D; Goeger-Neff, M; Goretti, A; Grieb, C; HSchuhbeck, K; Haas; Hagner, C; Hampel, W; Harding, E; Hartmann, F X; Hertrich, T; Hess, H; Heusser, G; Ianni, A; Ianni, A M; Kiko, J; Kirsten, T; Korga, G; Korschinek, G; Kozlov, Y; Kryn, D; Laubenstein, M; Lendvai, C; Lombardi, P; Löser, F; Malvezzi, S; Maneira, J; Manno, I; Manuzio, D; Manuzio, G; Martemianov, A; Masetti, F; Mazzucato, U; McCarty, K; Meroni, E; Miramonti, L; Monzani, M E; Musico, P; Niedermeier, L; Oberauer, L; Obolensky, M; Ortica, F; Pallavicini, M; Papp, L; Parmeggiano, S; Perasso, L; Pocar, A; Raghavan, R S; Ranucci, G; Rau, W; Razeto, A; Resconi, E; Sabelnikov, A; Salvo, C; Scardaoni, R; Schimizzi, D; Schönert, S; Seitz, E; Shutt, T; Simgen, H; Skorokhvatov, M; Smirnov, O; Sonnenschein, A; Sotnikov, A; Sukhotin, S; Tarasenkov, V; Tartaglia, R; Testera, G; Vignaud, D; Vogelaar, R B; Von Feilitzsch, F; Vyrodov, V N; Wójcik, M; Zaimidoroga, O A; Zuzel, G

    2004-01-01

    We report on the study of a new liquid scintillator target for neutrino interactions in the framework of the research and development program of the BOREXINO solar neutrino experiment. The scintillator consists of 1,2-dimethyl-4-(1-phenylethyl)-benzene (phenyl-o-xylylethane, PXE) as solvent and 1,4-diphenylbenzene (para-Terphenyl, p-Tp) as primary and 1,4-bis(2-methylstyryl)benzene (bis-MSB) as secondary solute. The density close to that of water and the high flash point makes it an attractive option for large scintillation detectors in general. The study focused on optical properties, radioactive trace impurities and novel purification techniques of the scintillator. Attenuation lengths of the scintillator mixture of 12 m at 430 nm were achieved after purification with an alumina column. A radio carbon isotopic ratio of C-14/C-12 = 9.1 * 10^{-18}$ has been measured in the scintillator. Initial trace impurities, e.g. U-238 at 3.2 * 10^{-14} g/g could be purified to levels below 10^{-17} g/g by silica gel soli...

  8. Maximum power analysis of photovoltaic module in Ramadi city

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Majid Shahatha Salim, Jassim Mohammed Najim, Salih Mohammed Salih

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Performance of photovoltaic (PV module is greatly dependent on the solar irradiance, operating temperature, and shading. Solar irradiance can have a significant impact on power output of PV module and energy yield. In this paper, a maximum PV power which can be obtain in Ramadi city (100km west of Baghdad is practically analyzed. The analysis is based on real irradiance values obtained as the first time by using Soly2 sun tracker device. Proper and adequate information on solar radiation and its components at a given location is very essential in the design of solar energy systems. The solar irradiance data in Ramadi city were analyzed based on the first three months of 2013. The solar irradiance data are measured on earth's surface in the campus area of Anbar University. Actual average data readings were taken from the data logger of sun tracker system, which sets to save the average readings for each two minutes and based on reading in each one second. The data are analyzed from January to the end of March-2013. Maximum daily readings and monthly average readings of solar irradiance have been analyzed to optimize the output of photovoltaic solar modules. The results show that the system sizing of PV can be reduced by 12.5% if a tracking system is used instead of fixed orientation of PV modules.

  9. SRAdb: query and use public next-generation sequencing data from within R

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhu Yuelin

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The Sequence Read Archive (SRA is the largest public repository of sequencing data from the next generation of sequencing platforms including Illumina (Genome Analyzer, HiSeq, MiSeq, .etc, Roche 454 GS System, Applied Biosystems SOLiD System, Helicos Heliscope, PacBio RS, and others. Results SRAdb is an attempt to make queries of the metadata associated with SRA submission, study, sample, experiment and run more robust and precise, and make access to sequencing data in the SRA easier. We have parsed all the SRA metadata into a SQLite database that is routinely updated and can be easily distributed. The SRAdb R/Bioconductor package then utilizes this SQLite database for querying and accessing metadata. Full text search functionality makes querying metadata very flexible and powerful. Fastq files associated with query results can be downloaded easily for local analysis. The package also includes an interface from R to a popular genome browser, the Integrated Genomics Viewer. Conclusions SRAdb Bioconductor package provides a convenient and integrated framework to query and access SRA metadata quickly and powerfully from within R.

  10. Next-generation sequencing technologies and the application in microbiology-A review%高通量测序技术及其在微生物学研究中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    秦楠; 栗东芳; 杨瑞馥

    2011-01-01

    20世纪70年代发明的核酸测序技术为基因组学及其相关学科的发展做出了巨大贡献,本世纪初发展的以Illumina公司的HiSeq 2000,ABI公司的SOLID,和Roche公司的454技术为代表的高通量测序技术又为基因组学的发展注入了新活力.本文在阐述这些技术的基础上,着重讨论了新一代测序技术在微生物领域中的应用.%Since its invention in 1970s, nucleic acid sequencing technology has contributed tremendously to the genomics advances.The next-generation sequencing technologies, represented by HiSeq 2000 from Illumina, SOLiD from Applied Biosystems and 454 from Roche, re-energized the application of genomics.In this review, we first introduced the next-generation sequencing technologies, then, described their potential applications in the field of microbiology.

  11. Performance comparison of digital microRNA profiling technologies applied on human breast cancer cell lines.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erik Knutsen

    Full Text Available MicroRNA profiling represents an important first-step in deducting individual RNA-based regulatory function in a cell, tissue, or at a specific developmental stage. Currently there are several different platforms to choose from in order to make the initial miRNA profiles. In this study we investigate recently developed digital microRNA high-throughput technologies. Four different platforms were compared including next generation SOLiD ligation sequencing and Illumina HiSeq sequencing, hybridization-based NanoString nCounter, and miRCURY locked nucleic acid RT-qPCR. For all four technologies, full microRNA profiles were generated from human cell lines that represent noninvasive and invasive tumorigenic breast cancer. This study reports the correlation between platforms, as well as a more extensive analysis of the accuracy and sensitivity of data generated when using different platforms and important consideration when verifying results by the use of additional technologies. We found all the platforms to be highly capable for microRNA analysis. Furthermore, the two NGS platforms and RT-qPCR all have equally high sensitivity, and the fold change accuracy is independent of individual miRNA concentration for NGS and RT-qPCR. Based on these findings we propose new guidelines and considerations when performing microRNA profiling.

  12. The dazed and confused identity of Agassiz's land tortoise, Gopherus agassizii (Testudines, Testudinidae) with the description of a new species, and its consequences for conservation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murphy, Robert K.; Berry, Kristin; Edwards, Taylor; Leviton, Alan E.; Lathrop, Amy; Riedle, J. Daren

    2011-01-01

    We investigate a cornucopia of problems associated with the identity of the desert tortoise, Gopherus agassizii Cooper. The date of publication is found to be 1861, rather than 1863. Only one of the three original cotypes exists, and it is designated as the lectotype of the species. Another cotype is found to have been destroyed in the 1906 San Francisco earthquake and subsequent fire. The third is lost. The lectotype is genetically confirmed to be from California, and not Arizona, USA as sometimes reported. Maternally, the holotype of G. lepidocephalus Ottley et Velázques Solis, 1989 from the Cape Region of Baja California Sur, Mexico is also from the Mojavian population of the desert tortoise, and not from Tiburon Island, Sonora, Mexico as previously proposed. A suite of characters serve to diagnose tortoises west and north of the Colorado River, the Mojavian population, from those east and south of the river in Arizona, USA and Sonora and Sinaloa, Mexico, the Sonoran population. Species recognition is warranted and because G. lepidocephalus is from the Mojavian population no names are available for the Sonoran species. Thus, a new species, Gopherus morafkai sp. n., is named and this action reduces the distribution of G. agassizii to only 30% of its former range. This reduction has important implications for the conservation and protection of G. agassizii, which may deserve a higher level of protection.

  13. Acidobazické chování roztoků karboxymethylcelulózy

    OpenAIRE

    Teslíková, Ivana

    2010-01-01

    Tato práce se zabývá studiem acidobazického chování roztoků sodné soli karboxymethylcelulózy (CMC-Na). Acidobazické chování karboxymethylcelulózy bylo studováno pomocí acidimetrických titrací roztoků CMC-Na s potenciometrickou a konduktometrickou indikací. Pomocí metody Raye von Wandruszky navržené pro určení obsahu kyselých skupin v huminových látkách byl stanoven obsah karboxylových skupin ve dvou vzorcích CMC-Na lišících se molární hmotností a stupněm substituce (M1=90 kDa, DS1=0,7; M2=700...

  14. Vliv kovových iontů na tokové chování roztoků polyelektrolytů

    OpenAIRE

    LIŠKOVÁ, Kateřina

    2010-01-01

    Tato diplomová práce je rozdělena na dvě části. První se zabývá studiem reologického chování roztoků sodné soli karboxymethylcelulózy (CMC-Na) v přítomnosti sodných a vápenatých iontů. Roztoky CMC-Na o různých koncentracích byly připraveny rozpouštěním ve vodných roztocích NaCl nebo CaCl2. Byl studován vliv jednomocných a dvojmocných iontů na zdánlivou viskozitu roztoku a viskoelastické vlastnosti. Bylo zjištěno, že vlivem vápenatých iontů při nízkých koncentracích CMC-Na (do 0,5% hm.) docház...

  15. Reversal of a presbyopic LASIK treatment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ang RE

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Robert Edward Ang, Rosalie Mae M Reyes, Maria Luisa P Solis Asian Eye Institute, Rockwell Center, Makati City, Philippines Abstract: We report on a 72 year-old pseudophakic patient who had been implanted with a monofocal intraocular lens, and who underwent a unilateral Supracor laser-assisted in-situ keratomileusis (LASIK procedure to correct presbyopia and hyperopia. Uncorrected near visual acuity was improved, but the patient complained of glare, halo, reduced distance vision, and poor night driving vision due to treatment decentration. One year following the surgery, a reversal procedure was conducted with a wavefront-guided aspheric treatment to reverse the presbyopic correction while still maintaining the hyperopic correction. This resulted in 20/25 uncorrected distance visual acuity, and it eliminated the dysphotopsia symptoms. We believe that this is the first reported case demonstrating the ability to reverse the Supracor LASIK presbyopic procedure using wavefront-guided treatment in a case of an unsatisfactory outcome. Keywords: presbyopic, Supracor, LASIK, reversal

  16. Enhanced crude oil biodegradation in soil via biostimulation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al-Saleh, Esmaeil; Hassan, Ali

    2016-08-01

    Research on feasible methods for the enhancement of bioremediation in soil contaminated by crude oil is vital in oil-exporting countries such as Kuwait, where crude oil is a major pollutant and the environment is hostile to biodegradation. This study investigated the possibility of enhancing crude oil bioremediation by supplementing soil with cost-effective organic materials derived from two widespread locally grown trees, Conocarpus and Tamarix. Amendments in soils increased the counts of soil microbiota by up to 98% and enhanced their activity by up to 95.5%. The increase in the biodegradation of crude oil (75%) and high levels of alkB expression substantiated the efficiency of the proposed amendment technology for the bioremediation of hydrocarbon-contaminated sites. The identification of crude-oil-degrading bacteria revealed the dominance of the genus Microbacterium (39.6%), Sphingopyxis soli (19.3%), and Bordetella petrii (19.6%) in unamended, Conocarpus-amended, and Tamarix-amended contaminated soils, respectively. Although soil amendments favored the growth of Gram-negative bacteria and reduced bacterial diversity, the structures of bacterial communities were not significantly altered. PMID:26854134

  17. Extensive sequencing of seven human genomes to characterize benchmark reference materials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zook, Justin M; Catoe, David; McDaniel, Jennifer; Vang, Lindsay; Spies, Noah; Sidow, Arend; Weng, Ziming; Liu, Yuling; Mason, Christopher E; Alexander, Noah; Henaff, Elizabeth; McIntyre, Alexa B R; Chandramohan, Dhruva; Chen, Feng; Jaeger, Erich; Moshrefi, Ali; Pham, Khoa; Stedman, William; Liang, Tiffany; Saghbini, Michael; Dzakula, Zeljko; Hastie, Alex; Cao, Han; Deikus, Gintaras; Schadt, Eric; Sebra, Robert; Bashir, Ali; Truty, Rebecca M; Chang, Christopher C; Gulbahce, Natali; Zhao, Keyan; Ghosh, Srinka; Hyland, Fiona; Fu, Yutao; Chaisson, Mark; Xiao, Chunlin; Trow, Jonathan; Sherry, Stephen T; Zaranek, Alexander W; Ball, Madeleine; Bobe, Jason; Estep, Preston; Church, George M; Marks, Patrick; Kyriazopoulou-Panagiotopoulou, Sofia; Zheng, Grace X Y; Schnall-Levin, Michael; Ordonez, Heather S; Mudivarti, Patrice A; Giorda, Kristina; Sheng, Ying; Rypdal, Karoline Bjarnesdatter; Salit, Marc

    2016-01-01

    The Genome in a Bottle Consortium, hosted by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) is creating reference materials and data for human genome sequencing, as well as methods for genome comparison and benchmarking. Here, we describe a large, diverse set of sequencing data for seven human genomes; five are current or candidate NIST Reference Materials. The pilot genome, NA12878, has been released as NIST RM 8398. We also describe data from two Personal Genome Project trios, one of Ashkenazim Jewish ancestry and one of Chinese ancestry. The data come from 12 technologies: BioNano Genomics, Complete Genomics paired-end and LFR, Ion Proton exome, Oxford Nanopore, Pacific Biosciences, SOLiD, 10X Genomics GemCode WGS, and Illumina exome and WGS paired-end, mate-pair, and synthetic long reads. Cell lines, DNA, and data from these individuals are publicly available. Therefore, we expect these data to be useful for revealing novel information about the human genome and improving sequencing technologies, SNP, indel, and structural variant calling, and de novo assembly. PMID:27271295

  18. MOSAIK: a hash-based algorithm for accurate next-generation sequencing short-read mapping.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Wan-Ping; Stromberg, Michael P; Ward, Alistair; Stewart, Chip; Garrison, Erik P; Marth, Gabor T

    2014-01-01

    MOSAIK is a stable, sensitive and open-source program for mapping second and third-generation sequencing reads to a reference genome. Uniquely among current mapping tools, MOSAIK can align reads generated by all the major sequencing technologies, including Illumina, Applied Biosystems SOLiD, Roche 454, Ion Torrent and Pacific BioSciences SMRT. Indeed, MOSAIK was the only aligner to provide consistent mappings for all the generated data (sequencing technologies, low-coverage and exome) in the 1000 Genomes Project. To provide highly accurate alignments, MOSAIK employs a hash clustering strategy coupled with the Smith-Waterman algorithm. This method is well-suited to capture mismatches as well as short insertions and deletions. To support the growing interest in larger structural variant (SV) discovery, MOSAIK provides explicit support for handling known-sequence SVs, e.g. mobile element insertions (MEIs) as well as generating outputs tailored to aid in SV discovery. All variant discovery benefits from an accurate description of the read placement confidence. To this end, MOSAIK uses a neural-network based training scheme to provide well-calibrated mapping quality scores, demonstrated by a correlation coefficient between MOSAIK assigned and actual mapping qualities greater than 0.98. In order to ensure that studies of any genome are supported, a training pipeline is provided to ensure optimal mapping quality scores for the genome under investigation. MOSAIK is multi-threaded, open source, and incorporated into our command and pipeline launcher system GKNO (http://gkno.me). PMID:24599324

  19. Digital PCR provides sensitive and absolute calibration for high throughput sequencing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fan H Christina

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Next-generation DNA sequencing on the 454, Solexa, and SOLiD platforms requires absolute calibration of the number of molecules to be sequenced. This requirement has two unfavorable consequences. First, large amounts of sample-typically micrograms-are needed for library preparation, thereby limiting the scope of samples which can be sequenced. For many applications, including metagenomics and the sequencing of ancient, forensic, and clinical samples, the quantity of input DNA can be critically limiting. Second, each library requires a titration sequencing run, thereby increasing the cost and lowering the throughput of sequencing. Results We demonstrate the use of digital PCR to accurately quantify 454 and Solexa sequencing libraries, enabling the preparation of sequencing libraries from nanogram quantities of input material while eliminating costly and time-consuming titration runs of the sequencer. We successfully sequenced low-nanogram scale bacterial and mammalian DNA samples on the 454 FLX and Solexa DNA sequencing platforms. This study is the first to definitively demonstrate the successful sequencing of picogram quantities of input DNA on the 454 platform, reducing the sample requirement more than 1000-fold without pre-amplification and the associated bias and reduction in library depth. Conclusion The digital PCR assay allows absolute quantification of sequencing libraries, eliminates uncertainties associated with the construction and application of standard curves to PCR-based quantification, and with a coefficient of variation close to 10%, is sufficiently precise to enable direct sequencing without titration runs.

  20. Breaking the 1000-gene barrier for Mimivirus using ultra-deep genome and transcriptome sequencing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claverie Jean-Michel

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Mimivirus, a giant dsDNA virus infecting Acanthamoeba, is the prototype of the mimiviridae family, the latest addition to the family of the nucleocytoplasmic large DNA viruses (NCLDVs. Its 1.2 Mb-genome was initially predicted to encode 917 genes. A subsequent RNA-Seq analysis precisely mapped many transcript boundaries and identified 75 new genes. Findings We now report a much deeper analysis using the SOLiD™ technology combining RNA-Seq of the Mimivirus transcriptome during the infectious cycle (202.4 Million reads, and a complete genome re-sequencing (45.3 Million reads. This study corrected the genome sequence and identified several single nucleotide polymorphisms. Our results also provided clear evidence of previously overlooked transcription units, including an important RNA polymerase subunit distantly related to Euryarchea homologues. The total Mimivirus gene count is now 1018, 11% greater than the original annotation. Conclusions This study highlights the huge progress brought about by ultra-deep sequencing for the comprehensive annotation of virus genomes, opening the door to a complete one-nucleotide resolution level description of their transcriptional activity, and to the realistic modeling of the viral genome expression at the ultimate molecular level. This work also illustrates the need to go beyond bioinformatics-only approaches for the annotation of short protein and non-coding genes in viral genomes.

  1. Fermi-Pasta-Ulam recurrence and modulation instability

    CERN Document Server

    Kuznetsov, E A

    2016-01-01

    We give a qualitative explanation of the analog of the Fermi-Pasta-Ulam (FPU) recurrence in a one-dimensional focusing nonlinear Schrodinger equation (NLSE). That recurrence can be considered as a result of the nonlinear development of modulation instability. All known exact localized solitons-type solutions describing propagation on the background of the modulationally unstable condensate show the recurrence to the condensate state after its interaction with solitons. The condensate state locally recovers its original form with the same amplitude but a different phase after soliton leave its initial region. This is the analog of the FPU recurrence for the NLSE. Based on the integrability of the NLSE, we demonstrate that the FPU recurrence takes place not only for condensate but for more general solution in the form of the cnoidal wave. This solution is periodic in space and can be represented as a solitonic lattice. That lattice reduces to isolated soliton solution in the limit of large distance between soli...

  2. Příprava a hodnocení konverzních fluoridových povlaků na tvářené hořčíkové slitině AZ31

    OpenAIRE

    Matějka, Lukáš

    2016-01-01

    Cílem práce je optimalizace parametrů přípravy fluoridového konverzního povlaku na tvářené hořčíkové slitině AZ31v tavenině Na[BF4]. Sledovanými faktory pro stanovení kvality připravených povlaků jsou homogenita povrchu povlaku na broušených a leštěných vzorcích hořčíkové slitiny, mechanické vlastnosti povlaků (adheze a tvrdost) a tloušťka povlaku. Hlavním sledovaným parametrem byla změna těchto vlastností při expozici vzorků tavenině soli na různou dobu. Povrchy povlaků byly dokumentovány na...

  3. The influence of reducing and oxidising agents on rheology of wheat flour dough

    OpenAIRE

    Pečivová, Pavlína; Pavlínek, Vladimír; Hrabě, Jan; Kráčmar, Stanislav

    2008-01-01

    Aminokyseliny jsou stavebními bloky bílkovin a proteinů. Mají široké rozpětí užití v potravinářských procesech a manipulacích s nutrienty, dietními doplňky, obohacovači vůně, náhražkami soli, zabarvovači, antioxidanty, konzervovadly, tvarovači, posilovači a kypřidly na těsto. Je známo, že kvalita tvorby pšeničnéhotěsta záleží jak na kvantitě, tak na kvalitě jeho glutenových bílkovin. Gluten je visko elastický bílkovinný komplex mající jak elastické, tak viskózní vlastnosti. Gluten obsahuje dv...

  4. Parenting under the influence: the effects of opioids, alcohol and cocaine on mother-child interaction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Slesnick, Natasha; Feng, Xin; Brakenhoff, Brittany; Brigham, Gregory S

    2014-05-01

    Nearly 20% of adults receiving treatment for a substance use disorder live with their minor children (Stanger et al., 1999) and women in drug use treatment are twice as likely as men to have children in their household (Wechsberg et al., 1998). Parental drug use impacts the family through reduced family resources such as money and food, and researchers consistently note parenting deficits among substance users (Solis, Shadur, Burns, & Hussong, 2012). Little is known about differences in parenting and mother-child interaction among mothers with different drugs of choice or among mothers of older children, between 8 and 16 years. This study reports the findings from a sample of treatment seeking opioid, alcohol and cocaine using mothers and their 8-16-year-old child. Findings from a mother-child observational task and self-reported parenting measure indicated less undermining autonomy and higher mother maternal acceptance among opioid compared to alcohol addicted mothers. African American mothers were observed to have fewer negative interactional behaviors than Whites and both African American mothers and children self-reported higher firm control and maternal acceptance. Overall, mothers appeared to struggle with effective discipline with older versus younger children. Findings offer useful information to clinicians seeking to effectively tailor their interventions to women and children who present with different drugs of abuse, race/culture and developmental stage of child. PMID:24589871

  5. A Solar Axion Search Using a Decommissioned LHC Test Magnet

    CERN Multimedia

    Raffelt, G; Geralis, T; Lozza, V; Christensen, F E; Jakobsen, A C; Neff, S H; Dafni, T; Carmona martinez, J M; Giomataris, I; Krcmar, M; Vafeiadis, T; Bayirli, A; Luzon marco, G M; Lakic, B; Solanki, S K; Ozbey, A; Davenport, M; Funk, W; Desch, K K; Laurent, J; Villar, J A; Jakovcic, K; Eleftheriadis, C; Cantatore, G; Diago ortega, A; Gracia garza, J; Ortega ruiz, I; Papaevangelou, T; Zioutas, K; Gardikiotis, A; Hasinoff, M D; Hoffmann, D; Iguaz gutierrez, F J; Castel pablo, J F; Gninenko, S; Ferrer ribas, E; Liolios, A; Anastasopoulos, V; Kaminski, J; Garcia irastorza, I; Ruiz choliz, E; Krieger, C; Lutz, G; Fanourakis, G; Ruz armendariz, J; Vogel, J K; Pivovaroff, M J

    2002-01-01

    Previous solar axion searches have been carried out in Brookhaven (1990) and in Tokyo (2000- ), tracking the Sun with a dipole magnet. QCD inspired axions should be produced after the Big Bang, being thus candidates for the dark matter. The Sun is a very useful source of weakly interacting particles for fundamental research. Axions can be produced also in the Sun's core through the scattering of thermal photons in the Coulomb field of electric charges (Primakoff effect). In a transverse magnetic field the Primakoff effect can work in reverse, coherently converting the solar axions or other axion-like particles (ALPS) back into X-ray photons in the keV range. The conversion efficiency increases with $(B⋅L)^2$. In the CAST experiment an LHC prototype dipole magnet (B = 9 T and L = 10 m) with straight beam pipes provides a conversion efficiency exceeding that of the two earlier solar axion telescopes by almost a factor of 100. This magnet is mounted on a moving platform and coupled to both gas filled and soli...

  6. Theory and simulations of rotating convection

    CERN Document Server

    Barker, Adrian J; Lithwick, Yoram

    2014-01-01

    We study thermal convection in a rotating fluid, with the ultimate goal of explaining the structure of convection zones in rotating stars and planets. We first derive mixing-length theory for rapidly-rotating convection, arriving at the results of Stevenson (1979) via simple physical arguments. The theory predicts the properties of convection as a function of the imposed heat flux and rotation rate, independent of microscopic diffusivities. In particular, it predicts the mean temperature gradient; the rms velocity and temperature fluctuations; and the size of the eddies that dominate heat transport. We test all of these predictions with high resolution three-dimensional hydrodynamical simulations. The results agree remarkably well with the theory across more than two orders of magnitude in rotation rate. For example, the temperature gradient is predicted to scale as the rotation rate to the 4/5th power at fixed flux, and the simulations yield $0.75\\pm 0.06$. We conclude that the mixing length theory is a soli...

  7. Effect of Polarimetric Noise on the Estimation of Twist and Magnetic Energy of Force-Free Fields

    CERN Document Server

    Tiwari, Sanjiv Kumar; Gosain, Sanjay; Joshi, Jayant

    2009-01-01

    The force-free parameter $\\alpha$, also known as helicity parameter or twist parameter, bears the same sign as the magnetic helicity under some restrictive conditions. The single global value of $\\alpha$ for a whole active region gives the degree of twist per unit axial length. We investigate the effect of polarimetric noise on the calculation of global $\\alpha$ value and magnetic energy of an analytical bipole. The analytical bipole has been generated using the force-free field approximation with a known value of constant $\\alpha$ and magnetic energy. The magnetic parameters obtained from the analytical bipole are used to generate Stokes profiles from the Unno-Rachkovsky solutions for polarized radiative transfer equations. Then we add random noise of the order of 10$^{-3}$ of the continuum intensity (I$_{c}$) in these profiles to simulate the real profiles obtained by modern spectropolarimeters like Hinode (SOT/SP), SVM (USO), ASP, DLSP, POLIS, SOLIS etc. These noisy profiles are then inverted using a Milne...

  8. Extensive sequencing of seven human genomes to characterize benchmark reference materials

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zook, Justin M.; Catoe, David; McDaniel, Jennifer; Vang, Lindsay; Spies, Noah; Sidow, Arend; Weng, Ziming; Liu, Yuling; Mason, Christopher E.; Alexander, Noah; Henaff, Elizabeth; McIntyre, Alexa B.R.; Chandramohan, Dhruva; Chen, Feng; Jaeger, Erich; Moshrefi, Ali; Pham, Khoa; Stedman, William; Liang, Tiffany; Saghbini, Michael; Dzakula, Zeljko; Hastie, Alex; Cao, Han; Deikus, Gintaras; Schadt, Eric; Sebra, Robert; Bashir, Ali; Truty, Rebecca M.; Chang, Christopher C.; Gulbahce, Natali; Zhao, Keyan; Ghosh, Srinka; Hyland, Fiona; Fu, Yutao; Chaisson, Mark; Xiao, Chunlin; Trow, Jonathan; Sherry, Stephen T.; Zaranek, Alexander W.; Ball, Madeleine; Bobe, Jason; Estep, Preston; Church, George M.; Marks, Patrick; Kyriazopoulou-Panagiotopoulou, Sofia; Zheng, Grace X.Y.; Schnall-Levin, Michael; Ordonez, Heather S.; Mudivarti, Patrice A.; Giorda, Kristina; Sheng, Ying; Rypdal, Karoline Bjarnesdatter; Salit, Marc

    2016-01-01

    The Genome in a Bottle Consortium, hosted by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) is creating reference materials and data for human genome sequencing, as well as methods for genome comparison and benchmarking. Here, we describe a large, diverse set of sequencing data for seven human genomes; five are current or candidate NIST Reference Materials. The pilot genome, NA12878, has been released as NIST RM 8398. We also describe data from two Personal Genome Project trios, one of Ashkenazim Jewish ancestry and one of Chinese ancestry. The data come from 12 technologies: BioNano Genomics, Complete Genomics paired-end and LFR, Ion Proton exome, Oxford Nanopore, Pacific Biosciences, SOLiD, 10X Genomics GemCode WGS, and Illumina exome and WGS paired-end, mate-pair, and synthetic long reads. Cell lines, DNA, and data from these individuals are publicly available. Therefore, we expect these data to be useful for revealing novel information about the human genome and improving sequencing technologies, SNP, indel, and structural variant calling, and de novo assembly.

  9. New NSO Solar Surface Activity Maps

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henney, C. J.; Harvey, J. W.

    2001-05-01

    Using NSO-Kitt Peak Vacuum Telescope (KPVT) synoptic data, we present several new solar surface activity maps. The motivation is to test conventional wisdom about conditions that are likely to produce solar activity such as flares, coronal mass ejections and high speed solar wind streams. The ultimate goal is to improve real-time, observation-based models for the purpose of predicting solar activity. A large number of maps will eventually be produced based on the wide range of ideas and models of the conditions thought to lead to solar activity events. When data from the new SOLIS instruments becomes available, the range of possible models that can be tested will be greatly expanded. At present, the daily maps include ones that show magnetic field complexity, emerging flux and high speed solar wind sources. As a proxy for local magnetic potential energy, each element of the magnetic complexity map is the distance-weighted rms of the opposing ambient magnetic field. The flux emergence map is the difference between the two most recent absolute magnetic flux images. The solar wind source map is produced from coronal hole area data. The new maps are available on the NSO-Kitt Peak World Wide Web page. This research was supported in part by the Office of Navel Research Grant N00014-91-J-1040. The NSO-Kitt Peak data used here are produced cooperatively by NSF/AURA, NASA/GSFC, and NOAA/SEC.

  10. Testing an astronomically-based decadal-scale empirical harmonic climate model versus the IPCC (2007) general circulation climate models

    CERN Document Server

    Scafetta, Nicola

    2012-01-01

    We compare the performance of a recently proposed empirical climate model based on astronomical harmonics against all available general circulation climate models (GCM) used by the IPCC (2007) to interpret the 20th century global surface temperature. The proposed model assumes that the climate is resonating with, or synchronized to a set of natural harmonics that have been associated to the solar system planetary motion, mostly determined by Jupiter and Saturn. We show that the GCMs fail to reproduce the major decadal and multidecadal oscillations found in the global surface temperature record from 1850 to 2011. On the contrary, the proposed harmonic model is found to well reconstruct the observed climate oscillations from 1850 to 2011, and it is able to forecast the climate oscillations from 1950 to 2011 using the data covering the period 1850-1950, and vice versa. The 9.1-year cycle is shown to be likely related to a decadal Soli/Lunar tidal oscillation, while the 10-10.5, 20-21 and 60-62 year cycles are sy...

  11. A study of catasterisms in the 'phaenomena' of Aratus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rousseau, A.; Dimitrakoudis, S.

    We provide a fresh analysis of the constellations in Aratos Phenomena by using the astronomical program Cybersky (by Stephen Schimpf) to check each reference of constellations within the poem for validity in 2800 BCE and 300 BCE (the later accounting for the broader period of time covering Eudoxus of Cnidus and Aratus of Soli). In each case, the latitude of observation was chose to be 36 North in agreement with the area of the sky that is not covered in the descriptions of Aratus (and contains the unseen constellations for a particular latitude). Each constellation was traced back to its Greek mythological origin through tha various writers of antiquity. Our results are collected in a table of the constellations mentioned by Aratus in his epic poem, with respect to the ancient authors who have mentioned each constellation shaping its myth, the locations on the earth each constellation is associated with and the most likely date of observation according to Aratus description and taking into account precession and the proper motion of stars.

  12. Un Resultat Gravimetrique pour la Renaissance de la Theorie Corpusculaire "An Experimental Gravimetric Result for the Revival of Corpuscular Theory"

    CERN Document Server

    Duval, Maurice

    2005-01-01

    The gravitational phenomenon, founded on the assumption of absorption of a flux of gravitons through the matter, led to a law of attraction comprising a term of attenuation of gravity. The attenuation effect, which depends on the distribution of mass elements into the Sun, was compared with the relativistic effect for the orbital elements of planets. The calculations carried out with our modified law of Newton, lead to a perfect agreement for the advance of the perihelion of planets, and give an interaction cross section with the matter of 3.2x10^-17 m2/kg (approximately 10^-40 cm2/nucleon). The effect of attenuation during a solar eclipse will produce a local reduction in the soli-lunar attraction of 0.13 microgal. This small variation of gravity during the eclipse can lead to distortions of the geoid of about ten millimetres of which effect on gravity, estimated at a few microgals, is compatible with the observed gravitational anomalies. The gravimetric measurements taken in the area of Montreal during the ...

  13. RNA-Seq Analysis with NextGENe Software

    Science.gov (United States)

    You, Y.; Liu, C.; McGuigan, J.

    2011-01-01

    RNA sequencing is a powerful tool for interrogating the entire transcriptome at once. It allows identification of novel isoforms including gene fusions and alternative splicing- and expression level analysis across several orders of magnitude. NextGENe's new RNA-seq application can be used to analyze data from any of the three main 2nd generation sequencing systems including Roche GS FLX™ and FLX Titanium, Illumina Genome Analyzers, and Applied Biosystems SOLiD™ Systems. Variant detection, expression level analysis, and isoform identification are all performed in one analysis. The tool employs a hybrid approach, combining the use of an exon junction reference sequence with the de novo detection of exons. This allows discovery of previously un-annotated genes in addition to highly accurate alignment to known transcripts. All detected transcripts are reported in addition to the information provided by NextGENe's variant and expression reports. Results are shown in the NextGENe Viewer which provides a high level of visualization for review and editing.

  14. Solar magnetic activity cycles, coronal potential field models and eruption rates

    CERN Document Server

    Petrie, G J D

    2013-01-01

    We study the evolution of the observed photospheric magnetic field and the modeled global coronal magnetic field during the past 3 1/2 solar activity cycles observed since the mid-1970s. We use synoptic magnetograms and extrapolated potential-field models based on longitudinal full-disk photospheric magnetograms from the NSO's three magnetographs at Kitt Peak, the Synoptic Optical Long-term Investigations of the Sun (SOLIS) vector spectro-magnetograph (VSM), the spectro-magnetograph and the 512-channel magnetograph instruments, and from the U. Stanford's Wilcox Solar Observatory. The associated multipole field components are used to study the dominant length scales and symmetries of the coronal field. Polar field changes are found to be well correlated with active fields over most of the period studied, except between 2003-6 when the active fields did not produce significant polar field changes. Of the axisymmetric multipoles, only the dipole and octupole follow the poles whereas the higher orders follow the ...

  15. Il rapporto tra laicità e neutralità: una questione concettuale?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Corrado Del Bò

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Per la cortesia dell’Autore e dell’Editore il testo riproduce - tranne il paragrafo introduttivo, e con i soli aggiustamenti formali necessari a renderlo saggio autonomo - il capitolo 5 del volume monografico La neutralità necessaria. Liberalismo e religione nell’età del pluralismo(ETS Edizioni, Pisa, 2014.SOMMARIO: 1. Introduzione - 2. Su alcuni equivoci nel dibattito italiano sulla laicità - 3. Laicità e neutralità: un rapporto complicato - 4. La laicità della Corte costituzionale - 5. Conclusioni.ABSTRACT: This article, which is the chapter five of the book La neutralità necessaria. Liberalismo e religione nell’età del pluralismo (ETS, 2014, tries to identify what is the link between the idea of neutrality and secularism, suggesting that this link depends on the various possible interpretations of neutrality. Moreover, it is argued that we should avoid to reduce the issue to a nominal disputation about the meaning of the words and move our attention to the more fundamental problem about the relationship between politics and religion in a secular State.

  16. Sunspot positions, areas, and group tilt angles for 1611-1631 from observations by Christoph Scheiner

    CERN Document Server

    Arlt, R; Schmiel, C; Spada, F

    2016-01-01

    Digital images of the observations printed in the books "Rosa Ursina sive solis" and "Prodromus pro sole mobili" by Christoph Scheiner as well as the drawings from Scheiner's letters to Marcus Welser are analysed in order to obtain information on positions and sizes of sunspots that appeared before the Maunder minimum. In most cases, the given orientation of the ecliptic is used to set up the heliographic coordinate system for the drawings. Positions and sizes are measured manually on the screen. Very early drawings have no indication of their orientation. A rotational matching using common spots of adjacent days is used in some cases, while in other cases, the assumption of images being aligned with a zenith-horizon coordinate system appeared to be the most probable. In total, 8167 sunspots were measured. A distribution of sunspot latitudes versus time (butterfly diagram) is obtained for Scheiner's observations. The observations of 1611 are very inaccurate, the drawings of 1612 have at least an indication of...

  17. High-throughput sequencing of black pepper root transcriptome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gordo Sheila MC

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Black pepper (Piper nigrum L. is one of the most popular spices in the world. It is used in cooking and the preservation of food and even has medicinal properties. Losses in production from disease are a major limitation in the culture of this crop. The major diseases are root rot and foot rot, which are results of root infection by Fusarium solani and Phytophtora capsici, respectively. Understanding the molecular interaction between the pathogens and the host’s root region is important for obtaining resistant cultivars by biotechnological breeding. Genetic and molecular data for this species, though, are limited. In this paper, RNA-Seq technology has been employed, for the first time, to describe the root transcriptome of black pepper. Results The root transcriptome of black pepper was sequenced by the NGS SOLiD platform and assembled using the multiple-k method. Blast2Go and orthoMCL methods were used to annotate 10338 unigenes. The 4472 predicted proteins showed about 52% homology with the Arabidopsis proteome. Two root proteomes identified 615 proteins, which seem to define the plant’s root pattern. Simple-sequence repeats were identified that may be useful in studies of genetic diversity and may have applications in biotechnology and ecology. Conclusions This dataset of 10338 unigenes is crucially important for the biotechnological breeding of black pepper and the ecogenomics of the Magnoliids, a major group of basal angiosperms.

  18. Study of Flow Field and Separation Efficiency of a High-efficiency Dynamic Cyclone Separator%一种高效动态旋风分离器流场与分离效率研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    樊宁; 刘根凡; 毛锐; 翁建松

    2015-01-01

    为了研究对超细颗粒捕集能力很强的新型高效动态旋风分离器———气固离心分离与排气一体机的流场特点与分离性能,利用 Fluent 软件对一体机内部气相流场与颗粒相进行数值模拟,并计算出各工况下的分级效率。结果显示,该机对可入肺超细颗粒捕集能力远强于传统旋风分离器,并且对工况波动的适应能力较强。%Gas-solid centrifugal separation and exhausting equipment (CCSEE)is a kind of dy-namic cyclone separator with a remarkable capture effect for ultrafine particles.In order to ex-plore the flow field characteristics and separation efficiency of the new kind of separator,the soft-ware Fluent is used to simulate the flow filed and the solid phase inner CCSEE and the classifica-tion efficiency is calculated under different working conditions.The numerical simulation shows that CCSEE has a stronger ability on capturing ultrafine particles PM2.5 than that conventional cyclone separator has,and CCSEE has a better adaption to the working condition fluctuations.

  19. Pantani di Marco Martinelli: una narrazione polifonica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Franco Nasi

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available In questo articolo si analizza il testo drammaturgico Pantani di Marco Martinelli, una veglia epica teatrale di uno dei più noti eroi dello sport italiano degli ultimi anni. Il dramma rilegge anche la storia di Pantani e ricostruisce gli strani avvenimenti che portarono alla sospensione, alla estromissione del ciclista dal Giro d’Italia nel 1999, e in seguito alla sua profonda crisi psicologica e tragica morte in solitudine in un hotel, a soli 34 anni. Oltre alle modalità proprie della veglia rituale, il dramma utilizza anche i metodi del processo giudiziario, e offre testimonianze dettagliate che conducono a una riflessione critica sulla società italiana negli anni del potere politico di Berlusconi e della sua filosofia del consumismo. I tre diversi generi della retorica classica (epidittico, giudiziario e deliberativo si mescolano in questa complessa tessitura teatrale. Coniugando informazioni (processo e rito (veglia, Martinelli riesce a fondere la tragedia greca (forma mimetica e corale e il moderno teatro di narrazione (forma diegetica monologante. Combinando assieme scene intensamente drammatiche, ricordi di imprese sportive epiche, passaggi giocosi e parodici, e giustapponendo vari stili e registri (giornalistico, lirico, parodico, elegiaco, Martinelli crea momenti di forte “straniamento” e sorpresa, e rende particolarmente efficace il rito funebre, la ricostruzione storica della tragica vicenda di Pantani e la critica all’ideologia che ha dominato l’Italia negli anni di Berlusconi. 

  20. Transcriptome Survey of a Marine Food Fish: Asian Seabass (Lates calcarifer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natascha M. Thevasagayam

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The Asian seabass (or barramundi; Lates calcarifer is a marine teleost and a popular food fish in Southeast Asia and Australia. To date, comprehensive genome and transcriptome sequence information has not been available for this species in public repositories. Here, we report a comprehensive de novo transcriptome assembly of the Asian seabass. These data will be useful for the development of molecular tools for use in aquaculture of Asian seabass as well as a resource for genome annotation. The transcriptome was obtained from sequences generated from organs of multiple individuals using three different next-generation sequencing platforms (454-FLX Titanium, SOLiD 3+, and paired-end Illumina HiSeq 2000. The assembled transcriptome contains >80% of the expected protein-coding loci, with 58% of these represented by a predicted full-length cDNA sequence when compared to the available Nile tilapia RefSeq dataset. Detailed descriptions of the various steps involved in sequencing and assembling a transcriptome are provided to serve as a helpful guide for transcriptome projects involving de novo assembly of short sequence reads for non-model teleosts or any species of interest.

  1. Admission policy, patterns of migration and integration: the German and French case compared.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seifert, W

    1997-10-01

    Germany and France differ in their concepts of citizenship and nationality. Those differences have led to different patterns of immigration to the two countries and to different policies on the integration of migrants. The French notion of equality has led to the development and implementation of a migration policy designed to assimilate migrants to mainstream French culture. Citizenship is therefore granted more on the principle of jus soli, with differences in status groups not held to exist. However, Germany's interpretation of citizenship has been based upon descent, and immigration policy has focused upon groups which have German ethnic backgrounds. During the period of economic demand for foreign labor, Germany did not plan to have permanent immigration and considered the employment of foreign labor to be a temporary measure. Yet even when the arrival of immigrants with no German ethnic background is accepted, there are still major differences in the integration of different ethnic groups. While ethnic Germans are privileged because they have the right to citizenship upon arrival to German, and are also entitled to various integration measures, other immigrant groups may often not be granted citizenship, even in the case of second or third generations. PMID:12179823

  2. Long-term Synoptic Observations of Ca II K and Magnetic Flux

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bertello, L.; Pevtsov, A. A.; Tlatov, A. G.

    2016-04-01

    Long-term synoptic observations in the resonance line of Ca II K and measurements of the solar magnetic flux over several decades constitute a fundamental database for a variety of retrospective analyzes of the state of the solar magnetism. These data archives may also hold the key for untangling some of the mysteries behind the solar dynamo, which in turn could result in a better predictive capability of current dynamo models. Synoptic Ca II K observations began in 1907 at the Kodaikanal observatory (India) and in 1915 at the Mt Wilson (California, USA) solar observatory. By the early 1970s a number of synoptic programs for solar magnetic observations were established that provided full disk magnetograms. These programs include measurements carried out at the Mt Wilson 150-foot solar tower, Wilcox observatory (California, USA), and by the National Solar Observatory (NSO, USA). Today the NSO is continuing these observations through its Synoptic Optical Long-term Investigations of the Sun (SOLIS) facility. We will review some of these historical observations, their properties, and their importance for understanding the behavior of the solar magnetic field over multidecadal time scales. We will also show recent results about using Ca II K spectroheliograms and sunspot magnetic field measurements to reconstruct homogeneous series of pseudo-magnetograms prior the magnetograph era.

  3. Maximum power analysis of photovoltaic module in Ramadi city

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shahatha Salim, Majid; Mohammed Najim, Jassim [College of Science, University of Anbar (Iraq); Mohammed Salih, Salih [Renewable Energy Research Center, University of Anbar (Iraq)

    2013-07-01

    Performance of photovoltaic (PV) module is greatly dependent on the solar irradiance, operating temperature, and shading. Solar irradiance can have a significant impact on power output of PV module and energy yield. In this paper, a maximum PV power which can be obtain in Ramadi city (100km west of Baghdad) is practically analyzed. The analysis is based on real irradiance values obtained as the first time by using Soly2 sun tracker device. Proper and adequate information on solar radiation and its components at a given location is very essential in the design of solar energy systems. The solar irradiance data in Ramadi city were analyzed based on the first three months of 2013. The solar irradiance data are measured on earth's surface in the campus area of Anbar University. Actual average data readings were taken from the data logger of sun tracker system, which sets to save the average readings for each two minutes and based on reading in each one second. The data are analyzed from January to the end of March-2013. Maximum daily readings and monthly average readings of solar irradiance have been analyzed to optimize the output of photovoltaic solar modules. The results show that the system sizing of PV can be reduced by 12.5% if a tracking system is used instead of fixed orientation of PV modules.

  4. Application of Next Generation Sequencing Techniques in Food Microbiology%新一代测序技术在食品微生物学中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩齐; 李媛媛; 孙方达; 孔保华; 陈倩

    2016-01-01

    近年来,焦磷酸测序、SOLiD测序等一类新型测序技术引起了人们广泛的关注,这些技术统称为新一代测序(Next generation sequencing,NGS)技术.与第一代Sanger测序技术相比,NGS测序技术具有检测通量更高、用时更少、准确度更高以及检测费用更低等优点.序列的检测可以用于精确的鉴别微生物菌群,包括不可培养的生物体和含量极少的微生物,NGS技术的研发给微生物学研究带来了巨大的变革.通过对NGS系统和平台的介绍,综述了NGS技术在食品微生物学和食品发酵研究中的应用,并探讨了它们的局限性和发展前景,该技术的应用可以增加对微生物多样性、菌群结构和微生物数量动态变化的研究,从而提高对食品(主要是发酵食品)的监控.

  5. Global gene expression of the inner cell mass and trophectoderm of the bovine blastocyst

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ozawa Manabu

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The first distinct differentiation event in mammals occurs at the blastocyst stage when totipotent blastomeres differentiate into either pluripotent inner cell mass (ICM or multipotent trophectoderm (TE. Here we determined, for the first time, global gene expression patterns in the ICM and TE isolated from bovine blastocysts. The ICM and TE were isolated from blastocysts harvested at day 8 after insemination by magnetic activated cell sorting, and cDNA sequenced using the SOLiD 4.0 system. Results A total of 870 genes were differentially expressed between ICM and TE. Several genes characteristic of ICM (for example, NANOG, SOX2, and STAT3 and TE (ELF5, GATA3, and KRT18 in mouse and human showed similar patterns in bovine. Other genes, however, showed differences in expression between ICM and TE that deviates from the expected based on mouse and human. Conclusion Analysis of gene expression indicated that differentiation of blastomeres of the morula-stage embryo into the ICM and TE of the blastocyst is accompanied by differences between the two cell lineages in expression of genes controlling metabolic processes, endocytosis, hatching from the zona pellucida, paracrine and endocrine signaling with the mother, and genes supporting the changes in cellular architecture, stemness, and hematopoiesis necessary for development of the trophoblast.

  6. Forenzika elektronske pošte

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Milorad S. Markagić

    2013-10-01

    podataka, pa ih je jednostavnije analizirati i generisati izveštaj. Analiza elektronske pošte zasnovane na internet serverima Za personalnu komunikaciju često  se koriste Web servisi za elektronsku poštu: Google, Yahoo, Hotmail, gmail.... Ovi se servisi koriste bez upotrebe softvera klijenata elektronske pošte i sačinjavaju klijent-server sistem. Web mail sistem predaje elektronsku poruku koristeći SMTP protokol i koristeći POP ili IMAP protokole. Web pošta se ne čuva se na lokalnom računaru, osim ako to korisnik izričito ne zahteva, već ista ostaje memorisana na serveru. Pristup nalogu elektronske pošte na serveru ili prikupljanje podataka o korisničkom nalogu od strane pružaoca usluga umnogome smanjuje količinu posla forenzičkom istražiocu. Ako pristup nije dozvoljen, do web mail poruka može se doći pregledom radne i keš memorije. Kada korisnik proverava poruke, ili sastavlja novu, operativni sistem sačuva podatke sa ekrana na hard disku, pogotovo ako korisniku treba više  vreme da sastavi poruku. Privremeni dokumenti Operativni sistemi privremene dokumente kreiraju za aplikacije koje šalju i primaju podatke preko mreže. Ti se podaci prvo skladište u radnoj memoriji, a kada se ista popuni, operativni sistem pomera podatke niže na listu prioriteta podataka koji su potrebni aplikacijama i zapisuje ih na tvrdi disk. Ne postoji posebno i jedinstveno područje gde se čuvaju privremeni dokumenti jer neke aplikacije stvaraju dodatne privremene datoteke uz one što ih stvara operativni sistem. Aplikacije koje nemaju mogućnost privremenog čuvanja podataka, prepuštaju operativnom sistemu da ih memoriše koristeći swap datoteke ili virtualnu memoriju. Kada aplikaciji zatreba privremeno sačuvani podatak, operativni sistem ga šalje aplikaciji i briše sa hard diska. Iako se swap datoteke brišu, do podataka je ipak moguće doći, jer još uvek fizički postoje na disku Instant poruke U većim organizacijama komunikacija sa korisnicima se

  7. Next generation sequencing technology and its application in cancer research%新一代测序技术及其在肿瘤研究中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖岚(综述)

    2013-01-01

    The next generation sequencing (NGS), also known as high-throughput sequencing technology, is a landmark of revolution in the history for DNA sequencing. NGS have adopted a new sequencing strategy-cyclic-array sequencing, which was divided into pyrosequencing (Roche/454), Solexa sequencing technology (Illumina), the polony sequencing technology (ABI/SOLiD), Polonator sequencing technology and HeliScope single-molecule sequencing technology. Because of its high-throughput, low cost and short time-consuming, NGS has the potential to replace traditional Sanger sequencing and to become the most important research tools in post-genomic era.Researchers could do more comprehensive and in-depth analysis with genome, transcriptome and proteome at cheaper price. NGS has broad application prospects in the field of cancer research. In addition to accomplishing the tumor genome sequencing quickly, it also provides us a fully and rapidly powerful digital tool for tumor transcriptome, epigenetic and DNA-protein interaction analysis. It is expecting to bring about revolutionary change in the areas of life science, medicine science and others.%新一代测序技术又称为高通量测序技术,是DNA测序史上一次划时代的革命。新一代测序技术都采用了一种新的测序策略--循环芯片测序法(cyclic-array sequencing),可分为焦磷酸测序技术(Roche/454)、Solexa测序技术(Illumina)、polony测序技术(ABI/SOLiD)。由于其高通量、成本低、耗时短而迅速取代传统的Sanger测序成为后基因组时代的重要研究手段,让研究者能以更低廉的价格,更全面、更深入地分析基因组、转录组及蛋白质之间交互作用组。新一代测序技术除了可以快速实现肿瘤基因组测序外,还是数字化全面快速剖析肿瘤转录组、表观遗传及DNA-蛋白质交互作用的有力工具,有望在生命科学、医学科学等领域带来革命性的变革。Researchers could do more

  8. Deformations of the Protection Shelf in the "Wapno" Salt Mine, Based on Model Studies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kortas, Grzegorz; Maj, Agnieszka

    2014-12-01

    The catastrophic mine failure resulting from the inrush of water into the Wapno Salt Mine was probably caused by a fracture in the roof protection shelf. The purpose of the present study was to apply the method of the homogenization of the multi-level room-and-pillar structure in the Wapno Salt Mine for 3D+t modelling of the elastic-viscous medium to determine the distribution of stress and strain, and, on that basis, to estimate the geomechanical conditions existing in the roof shelf. This paper presents briefly the spatial development of the salt mine's structure and the results of the surveying measurements carried out during the salt mine's operation and after the mine was flooded. Those results constituted a basis for the verification of the introduced homogenization parameters, i.e. the time-dependent changes of the elasticity modulus and the susceptibility to creep at particular salt mine's levels. A simulated process demonstrated the development of positive values of principle stresses, increasing with time, and of omnidirectional tensile strains. In such conditions, the cracking of the protection shelf body could proceed, also with opening of water flow paths from the dome cap into the salt mine's workings. This paper presents a new research method, the results of its application, and the obtained distribution of stresses and strains that can be useful for the assessment of water hazard in other salt mines. Katastrofa górnicza wywołana wdarciem wody do kopalni soli w Wapnie spowodowana była prawdopodobnie pęknięciem ochronnej półki stropowej. Celem tej pracy było zastosowanie metody homogenizacji struktury komorowo-filarowej wielopoziomowej kopalni Wapno do modelowania ośrodka sprężysto-lepkiego 3D+t dla określenia rozkładu naprężeń i odkształceń oraz na tej podstawie oszacowania warunków geomechanicznych w półce stropowej. W pracy przedstawiono krótko rozwój przestrzenny struktury kopalni oraz wyniki przeprowadzonych pomiar

  9. Genome sequencing of methanogenic Archaea Methanosarcina mazei TUC01 strain isolated from an Amazonian Flooded Area

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baraúna, R. A.; Graças, D. A.; Ramos, R. T.; Carneiro, A. R.; Lopes, T. S.; Lima, A. R.; Zahlouth, R. L.; Pellizari, V. H.; Silva, A.

    2013-05-01

    Methanosarcina mazei is a strictly anaerobic methanogen from the Methanosarcinales order. This species is known for its broad catabolic range among methanogens and is widespread throughout diverse environments. The draft genome of a strain cultivated from the sediment of the Tucuruí hydroelectric power station, the fourth largest hydroelectric dam in the world, is described here. Approximately 80% of methane is produced by biogenic sources, such as methanogenic archaea from M. mazei species. Although the methanogenesis pathway is well known, some aspects of the core genome, genome evolution and shared genes are still unclear. A sediment sample from the Tucuruí hydropower station reservoir was inoculated in mineral media supplemented with acetate and methanol. This media was maintained in an H2:CO2 (80:20) atmosphere to enrich and cultivate M. mazei. The enrichment was conducted at 30°C under standard anaerobic conditions. After several molecular and cellular analyses, total DNA was extracted from a non-pure culture of M. mazei, amplified using phi29 DNA polymerase (BioLabs) and finally used as a source template for genome sequencing. The draft genome was obtained after two rounds of sequencing. First, the genome was sequenced using a SOLiD System V3 with a mate-paired library, which yielded 24,405,103 and 24,399,268 reads (50 bp) for the R3 and F3 tags, respectively. The second round of sequencing was performed using the SOLiD 5500 XL platform with a mate-paired library, resulting in a total of 113,588,848 reads (60 bp) for each tag (F3 and R3). All reads obtained by this procedure were filtered using Quality Assessment software, whereby reads with an average quality score below Phred 20 were removed. Velvet and Edena were used to assemble the reads, and Simplifier was used to remove the redundant sequences. After this, a total of 16,811 contigs were obtained. M. mazei GO1 (AE008384) genome was used to map the contigs and generate the scaffolds. We used the

  10. Legislation of Renewable Energy Sources In Slovakia / Legislatívna Úprava Obnoviteľných Zdrojov Energie Na Slovensku

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marišová Eleonóra

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Pestovanie energetickych rastlin a drevin na poľnohospodarskej pode a ďalšie využitie ich energie predstavuje zasadny vyznam pre realizaciu dlhodobej strategie Slovenska v oblasti ziskavania a využivania obnoviteľnych zdrojov energie (OZE. Energeticke rastliny spĺňaju ciele strategie Europa 2020 a prispievaju k diverzifi kacii energetickych zdrojov. Prispevok vychadza z pravnych predpisov EU a narodnej legislativy upravujucej OZE. Analyzovane su Smernica 2009/28/ES Europskeho parlamentu a Rady z 23. aprila 2009 o podpore využivania energie z obnoviteľnych zdrojov a o zmene a naslednom zrušeni smernic 2001/77/ES a 2003/30/ES. Tema obnoviteľnych zdrojov energie je integrovana do Programu rozvoja vidieka 2014 - 2020. Konkretne Akčny plan pre biomasu 2008-2013, Strategia vyššieho využitia obnoviteľnych zdrojov energie na Slovensku a Strategia energetickej bezpečnosti Slovenska bola prijata až do roku 2030. Trvalo udržateľne využivanie poľnohospodarskej pody, jeho riadenie a využivanie, ako aj ochrana jeho kvality a funkcie su upravene zakonom č 220/2004 Zb. o ochrane a využivani poľnohospodarskej pody a ktorym sa meni zakon č. 245/2003 Zb., o integrovanej prevencii a kontrole znečisťovania životneho prostredia a o zmene niektorych zakonov v zneni neskoršich predpisov, ktory nadobudol učinnosť 1. maja 2004. Zakon č. 57/2013 Zb., ktory je platny od 1. aprila 2013, stanovuje zasady a postup zriaďovania plantaži rychlorastucich drevin na poľnohospodarskej pode. Slovenska pravna uprava zaviedla register rychlo rastucich drevin na každom okresnom urade (72, na pozemkovom a lesnom odbore na Slovensku. Prieskum tychto registrov ukazuje, že tato pravna uprava podporuje poľnohospodarov, aby začali použivať marginalne pody pre rychlo rastuce dreviny.

  11. Assessment of the efficacy of first-line antimalarial drugs after 5 years of deployment by the National Malaria Control Programme in Côte d'Ivoire

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Offianan AT

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Andre T Offianan1, Serge B Assi2, Aristide MA Coulibaly1, Landry T N'guessan1, Aristide A Ako1, Florence K Kadjo2, Moïse K San2, Louis K Penali2 1Malariology Department, Institut Pasteur de Côte d'Ivoire, Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire; 2National Malaria Control Programme, Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire Background: The emergence of artemisinin resistance has raised concerns that the most potent antimalarial drug may be under threat. Artesunate + amodiaquine (ASAQ and artemether-lumefantrine (AL are respectively the first- and second-line treatments for uncomplicated falciparum malaria in Côte d'Ivoire. A comparison of the efficacy and safety of these two drug combinations was necessary to make evidence-based drug treatment policies. Methods: In an open-label, non inferiority, randomized, controlled clinical trial, children aged 6–59 months were randomized to receive ASAQ or AL. Both drug regimens were given for 3 days, and follow-up was for 28 days. The primary endpoint was the 28-day cure rates and was defined as proportion of patients with polymerase chain reaction (PCR-corrected cure rate after 28 days of follow-up. Findings: A total of 251 patients who were attending the Ayame and Dabakala hospitals and presenting with symptomatic acute uncomplicated falciparum malaria were randomized to receive ASAQ (128 and AL (123. The intention-to-treat analysis showed effectiveness rates of 94.5% and 93.5% for ASAQ and AL, respectively on day 28. After adjustment for PCR results, these rates were 96.1% and 96.8%, respectively. On day 28, the per-protocol analysis showed effectiveness rates of 98.4% and 96.6% for ASAQ and AL, respectively. After adjustment by PCR for reinfection, these rates were 100% for each drug, and both regimens were well tolerated. Conclusion: ASAQ and AL remain efficacious treatments of uncomplicated falciparum malaria in Ivorian children 5 years after adoption. The efficacy of ASAQ and AL in Côte d'Ivoire requires, therefore, continuous

  12. Systematic Independent Validation of Inner Heliospheric Models

    Science.gov (United States)

    MacNeice, P. J.; Takakishvili, Alexandre

    2008-01-01

    This presentation is the first in a series which will provide independent validation of community models of the outer corona and inner heliosphere. In this work we establish a set of measures to be used in validating this group of models. We use these procedures to generate a comprehensive set of results from the Wang- Sheeley-Arge (WSA) model which will be used as a baseline, or reference, against which to compare all other models. We also run a test of the validation procedures by applying them to a small set of results produced by the ENLIL Magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) model. In future presentations we will validate other models currently hosted by the Community Coordinated Modeling Center(CCMC), including a comprehensive validation of the ENLIL model. The Wang-Sheeley-Arge (WSA) model is widely used to model the Solar wind, and is used by a number of agencies to predict Solar wind conditions at Earth as much as four days into the future. Because it is so important to both the research and space weather forecasting communities, it is essential that its performance be measured systematically, and independently. In this paper we offer just such an independent and systematic validation. We report skill scores for the model's predictions of wind speed and IMF polarity for a large set of Carrington rotations. The model was run in all its routinely used configurations. It ingests line of sight magnetograms. For this study we generated model results for monthly magnetograms from the National Solar Observatory (SOLIS), Mount Wilson Observatory and the GONG network, spanning the Carrington rotation range from 1650 to 2068. We compare the influence of the different magnetogram sources, performance at quiet and active times, and estimate the effect of different empirical wind speed tunings. We also consider the ability of the WSA model to identify sharp transitions in wind speed from slow to fast wind. These results will serve as a baseline against which to compare future

  13. De novo assembly and characterization of the carrot transcriptome reveals novel genes, new markers, and genetic diversity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matvienko Marta

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Among next generation sequence technologies, platforms such as Illumina and SOLiD produce short reads but with higher coverage and lower cost per sequenced nucleotide than 454 or Sanger. A challenge now is to develop efficient strategies to use short-read length platforms for de novo assembly and marker development. The scope of this study was to develop a de novo assembly of carrot ESTs from multiple genotypes using the Illumina platform, and to identify polymorphisms. Results A de novo assembly of transcriptome sequence from four genetic backgrounds produced 58,751 contigs and singletons. Over 50% of these assembled sequences were annotated allowing detection of transposable elements and new carrot anthocyanin genes. Presence of multiple genetic backgrounds in our assembly allowed the identification of 114 computationally polymorphic SSRs, and 20,058 SNPs at a depth of coverage of 20× or more. Polymorphisms were predominantly between inbred lines except for the cultivated x wild RIL pool which had high intra-sample polymorphism. About 90% and 88% of tested SSR and SNP primers amplified a product, of which 70% and 46%, respectively, were of the expected size. Out of verified SSR and SNP markers 84% and 82% were polymorphic. About 25% of SNPs genotyped were polymorphic in two diverse mapping populations. Conclusions This study confirmed the potential of short read platforms for de novo EST assembly and identification of genetic polymorphisms in carrot. In addition we produced the first large-scale transcriptome of carrot, a species lacking genomic resources.

  14. Biomechanical stability of a bioabsorbable self-retaining polylactic acid/nano-sized β-tricalcium phosphate cervical spine interbody fusion device in single-level anterior cervical discectomy and fusion sheep models

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cao L

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Lu Cao,1 Ping-Guo Duan,1 Xi-Lei Li,1 Feng-Lai Yuan,3 Ming-Dong Zhao,2 Wu Che,1 Hui-Ren Wang,1 Jian Dong11Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Zhongshan Hospital, State Key Laboratory of Molecular Engineering of Polymers, Fudan University, Shanghai, China; 2Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Jinshan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, China; 3Affiliated Third Hospital of Nantong University, Wuxi, ChinaPurpose: The aim of this study was to investigate the biomechanical stability provided by a novel, polylactic acid/nano-sized, β-tricalcium phosphate, bioabsorbable, self-retaining cervical fusion cage (BCFC.Methods: Quasistatic nonconstraining torques (maximum 1.5 NM induced flexion, extension, lateral bending (±1.5 NM, and axial rotation (±1.5 NM on 32 sheep cervical spines (C2–C5. The motion segment C3–C4 was first tested intact; the following groups were tested after complete discectomy: autologous tricortical iliac crest bone graft, Medtronic–Wego polyetheretherketone (PEEK cage, Solis PEEK cage, and BCFC. The autologous bone graft group was tested with an anterior plate. The mean range of motion (ROM was calculated from the load-displacement curves.Results: BCFC significantly decreased ROM in lateral bending and axial rotation compared to other implants, and no significant difference in ROM between two types of PEEK cages and BCFC could be observed in flexion and extension. Anterior cervical plate (ACP significantly decreased ROM in flexion and extension, but no significant difference in ROM between BCFC and bone graft plus ACP could be determined in lateral bending and axial rotation.Conclusion: The BCFC device showed better stability to autologous tricortical iliac crest bone graft and PEEK cages in single-level anterior cervical discectomy and fusion models and thus may be a potential alternative to the current PEEK cages.Keywords: biomechanics, cervical spine, cages, bioabsorbable, sheep

  15. The complete genomic sequence of pepper yellow leaf curl virus (PYLCV and its implications for our understanding of evolution dynamics in the genus polerovirus.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aviv Dombrovsky

    Full Text Available We determined the complete sequence and organization of the genome of a putative member of the genus Polerovirus tentatively named Pepper yellow leaf curl virus (PYLCV. PYLCV has a wider host range than Tobacco vein-distorting virus (TVDV and has a close serological relationship with Cucurbit aphid-borne yellows virus (CABYV (both poleroviruses. The extracted viral RNA was subjected to SOLiD next-generation sequence analysis and used as a template for reverse transcription synthesis, which was followed by PCR amplification. The ssRNA genome of PYLCV includes 6,028 nucleotides encoding six open reading frames (ORFs, which is typical of the genus Polerovirus. Comparisons of the deduced amino acid sequences of the PYLCV ORFs 2-4 and ORF5, indicate that there are high levels of similarity between these sequences to ORFs 2-4 of TVDV (84-93% and to ORF5 of CABYV (87%. Both PYLCV and Pepper vein yellowing virus (PeVYV contain sequences that point to a common ancestral polerovirus. The recombination breakpoint which is located at CABYV ORF3, which encodes the viral coat protein (CP, may explain the CABYV-like sequences found in the genomes of the pepper infecting viruses PYLCV and PeVYV. Two additional regions unique to PYLCV (PY1 and PY2 were identified between nucleotides 4,962 and 5,061 (ORF 5 and between positions 5,866 and 6,028 in the 3' NCR. Sequence analysis of the pepper-infecting PeVYV revealed three unique regions (Pe1-Pe3 with no similarity to other members of the genus Polerovirus. Genomic analyses of PYLCV and PeVYV suggest that the speciation of these viruses occurred through putative recombination event(s between poleroviruses co-infecting a common host(s, resulting in the emergence of PYLCV, a novel pathogen with a wider host range.

  16. Differential expression patterns of conserved miRNAs and isomiRs during Atlantic halibut development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bizuayehu Teshome T

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background MicroRNAs (miRNAs play a major role in animal ontogenesis. Size variants of miRNAs, isomiRs, are observed along with the main miRNA types, but their origin and possible biological role are uncovered yet. Developmental profiles of miRNAs have been reported in few fish species only and, to our knowledge, differential expressions of isomiRs have not yet been shown during fish development. Atlantic halibut, Hippoglossus hippoglossus L., undergoes dramatic metamorphosis during early development from symmetrical pelagic larval stage to unsymmetrical flatfish. No data exist on role of miRNAs in halibut metamorphosis. Results miRNA profiling using SOLiD deep sequencing technology revealed a total of 199 conserved, one novel antisense, and one miRNA* mature form. Digital expression profiles of selected miRNAs were validated using reverse transcription quantitative PCR. We found developmental transition-specific miRNA expression. Expression of some miRNA* exceeded the guide strand miRNA. We revealed that nucleotide truncations and/or additions at the 3' end of mature miRNAs resulted in size variants showing differential expression patterns during the development in a number of miRNA families. We confirmed the presence of isomiRs by cloning and Sanger sequencing. Also, we found inverse relationship between expression levels of sense/antisense miRNAs during halibut development. Conclusion Developmental transitions during early development of Atlantic halibut are associated with expression of certain miRNA types. IsomiRs are abundant and often show differential expression during the development.

  17. Ca II 854.2 nm Spectromagnetograms: A Powerful Chromospheric Diagnostic

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harvey, J. W.; Bertello, Luca; Branston, D.; Britanik, J.; Bulau, S.; Cole, L.; Gosain, Sanjay; Harker, Brian; Jones, Harrison P.; Marble, A.; Martinez Pillet, V.; Pevtsov, A.; Schramm, K.; Streander, Kim; Villegas, H.

    2016-05-01

    The transition from physical dominance by plasma flows in the photosphere to magnetic pressure in the solar chromosphere motivates as many diagnostic observations as possible across this important region. Among the few ground-accessible spectral lines formed within the chromosphere, the Ca II 854.2 nm line has the desirable properties of presence everywhere on the solar disk, Zeeman sensitivity, and narrow line width. Mapped observations of circular polarization within this line (spectromagnetograms) have been made at NSO infrequently since 1974, with regular daily full-disk observations starting in August 1996. Full-disk spectral observations of the complete Stokes polarization vector are now being made regularly since November 2015. It is not easy to estimate chromospheric magnetic field properties from the 854.2 nm line profile polarization. To provide rough quick-look vector field maps we found that the weak-field approximation provides a fair first estimate of the line-of-sight component but appears to be too simple to interpret the transverse magnetic field from frequently asymmetric, linearly-polarized line profiles. More realistic estimates of the chromospheric vector field, short of extremely lengthy, full 3D, non-local radiative transfer inversions, are being investigated. We briefly introduce recent instrumental modifications and observational characteristics, sample observations, and results concerning the expansion of the chromospheric field with increasing height, the presence of large areas of weak, nearly horizontal fields, and field estimates in plages, sunspots, flares, filaments, and filament channels. The Stokes spectra will be freely available to the community.This work utilizes SOLIS data obtained by the NSO Integrated Synoptic Program (NISP), managed by the National Solar Observatory, which is operated by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy (AURA), Inc. under a cooperative agreement with the National Science Foundation.

  18. Fish the ChIPs: a pipeline for automated genomic annotation of ChIP-Seq data

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Minucci Saverio

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background High-throughput sequencing is generating massive amounts of data at a pace that largely exceeds the throughput of data analysis routines. Here we introduce Fish the ChIPs (FC, a computational pipeline aimed at a broad public of users and designed to perform complete ChIP-Seq data analysis of an unlimited number of samples, thus increasing throughput, reproducibility and saving time. Results Starting from short read sequences, FC performs the following steps: 1 quality controls, 2 alignment to a reference genome, 3 peak calling, 4 genomic annotation, 5 generation of raw signal tracks for visualization on the UCSC and IGV genome browsers. FC exploits some of the fastest and most effective tools today available. Installation on a Mac platform requires very basic computational skills while configuration and usage are supported by a user-friendly graphic user interface. Alternatively, FC can be compiled from the source code on any Unix machine and then run with the possibility of customizing each single parameter through a simple configuration text file that can be generated using a dedicated user-friendly web-form. Considering the execution time, FC can be run on a desktop machine, even though the use of a computer cluster is recommended for analyses of large batches of data. FC is perfectly suited to work with data coming from Illumina Solexa Genome Analyzers or ABI SOLiD and its usage can potentially be extended to any sequencing platform. Conclusions Compared to existing tools, FC has two main advantages that make it suitable for a broad range of users. First of all, it can be installed and run by wet biologists on a Mac machine. Besides it can handle an unlimited number of samples, being convenient for large analyses. In this context, computational biologists can increase reproducibility of their ChIP-Seq data analyses while saving time for downstream analyses. Reviewers This article was reviewed by Gavin Huttley, George

  19. Whole genome sequence of the Treponema pallidum subsp. endemicum strain Bosnia A: the genome is related to yaws treponemes but contains few loci similar to syphilis treponemes.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barbora Staudová

    Full Text Available T. pallidum subsp. endemicum (TEN is the causative agent of bejel (also known as endemic syphilis. Clinical symptoms of syphilis and bejel are overlapping and the epidemiological context is important for correct diagnosis of both diseases. In contrast to syphilis, caused by T. pallidum subsp. pallidum (TPA, TEN infections are usually spread by direct contact or contaminated utensils rather than by sexual contact. Bejel is most often seen in western Africa and in the Middle East. The strain Bosnia A was isolated in 1950 in Bosnia, southern Europe.The complete genome of the Bosnia A strain was amplified and sequenced using the pooled segment genome sequencing (PSGS method and a combination of three next-generation sequencing techniques (SOLiD, Roche 454, and Illumina. Using this approach, a total combined average genome coverage of 513× was achieved. The size of the Bosnia A genome was found to be 1,137,653 bp, i.e. 1.6-2.8 kbp shorter than any previously published genomes of uncultivable pathogenic treponemes. Conserved gene synteny was found in the Bosnia A genome compared to other sequenced syphilis and yaws treponemes. The TEN Bosnia A genome was distinct but very similar to the genome of yaws-causing T. pallidum subsp. pertenue (TPE strains. Interestingly, the TEN Bosnia A genome was found to contain several sequences, which so far, have been uniquely identified only in syphilis treponemes.The genome of TEN Bosnia A contains several sequences thought to be unique to TPA strains; these sequences very likely represent remnants of recombination events during the evolution of TEN treponemes. This finding emphasizes a possible role of repeated horizontal gene transfer between treponemal subspecies in shaping the Bosnia A genome.

  20. Dankookia rubra gen. nov., sp. nov., an alphaproteobacterium isolated from sediment of a shallow stream.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Wan-Hoe; Kim, Do-Hak; Kang, Keunsoo; Ahn, Tae-Young

    2016-06-01

    WS-10(T)-a Gram-negative, non-motile, and aerobic bacterial strain-was isolated from the sediment of a shallow stream in Korea. The optimum ranges of temperature and pH for growth were 20-40°C (optimum 28°C) and pH 6.0-8.0 (optimum pH 7.0), respectively. The DNA G+C content of strain WS-10(T) was 72.7 mol%. The major fatty acids (>5%) were summed feature 8 (C18:1 ω7c), summed feature 3 (C16:1 ω7c and/or C16:1 ω6c), C16:0, and C18:1 2-OH. The major polar lipids consisted of phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, and unidentified aminolipids. Q-10 was the predominant respiratory quinone. The highest similarities in the 16S rRNA gene sequence were shown with Paracraurococcus ruber (95.3%), Belnapia soli (95.3%), B. moabensis (95.1%), and B. rosea (95.0%). A phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequence comparisons showed that strain WS-10T formed a distinct line within a clade containing the genera Paracraurococcus, Craurococcus, and Belnapia in the family Acetobacteraceae. On the basis of polyphasic evidence, strain WS-10(T) represents a novel species of a new genus in the family Acetobacteraceae, for which the name Dankookia rubra gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain of the type species is WS-10(T) (= KACC 18533(T) = JCM 30602(T)). PMID:27225458

  1. The opposition of Mars, 1998

    Science.gov (United States)

    McKim, R. J.

    1991-10-01

    This report is a discussion of 3,441 observations of the 1988 perihelic opposition covering the period 1987 November to 1989 June. The widespread utilisation of CCD techniques by both amateurs and professionals led to the detection of the finest surface details ever recorded from Earth. Of the albedo features, the Huygens crater was still visible as a dark spot in Iapigia, while Nepenthes continued to be faint or invisible. Solis Lacus, as in 1986 was large and complex, with Phasis (fading) and Gallinaria Silva nearby. The Acampsis 'canal' reappeared, and there was a secular darkening of part of the Memnonia desert. Mare Serenum was again shortened at its W end, and the Aetheria darkening persisted. Oxia Palus, Achilles Fons and Idaeus Fons were all large and dark. Around opposition the Martian atmosphere was very transparent, with a pronounced Blue Clearing. No global dust storm occurred at perihelion on August 11, but two important local storms were followed. One began in Hellas in June, and another started in Thaumasia in November. The earlier storm caused a sudden darkening of Mare Serpentis, Pandorae Fretum and the E end of Sinus Sabaeus. The N limb was marked by the N polar hood for most of the apparition: a N polar cap emerged in 1989. The S polar cap recession was in close accord with Slipher's mean curve, differing slightly but significantly from 1986, when the cap had been slightly smaller than average over the period Ls=210-250 . The fragmentation of the cap was studied in detail.

  2. The opposition of Mars, 1993

    Science.gov (United States)

    McKim, R. J.

    1995-06-01

    An account of the 1992-93 apparition, in which minor (but significant) albedo changes occurred on the martian surface. Solis Lacus remained large and dark, Phasis had faded but Gallinaria Silva remained visible. The Aetheria secular darkening persisted, the Huygens crater in Iapigia could= still be identified, Nepenthes continued to be invisible, and the W. (IAU) end of Mare Sirenum was still truncated. Pandorae Fretum was rather dark. The exceptional Idaeus Fons-Achillis Fons development on Nilokeras persisted. The Cerberus-Trivium Charontis complex continued the fading which had begun in 1990. The northern hemisphere was favourably displayed for the first time since 1984, and the areography of the Utopia-Boreosyrtis region was seen to be broadly unaltered. There was little dust activity, but the presently favoured Chryse source was again active on at least two occasions, on 1992 August 31 (Ls=3D 316deg) and October 2-3 (Ls=3D 333-33 4deg). This local activity continued with a minor dust storm in Elysium-Cebrenia that began on February 12 (Ls=3D 39deg). White cloud activity was seasonally normal. The observations covered the period of northern hemisphere winter and spring, and much of the regression of the North Polar Cap could be observed. Its behaviour closely followed the Dollfus-Baum historical mean from Ls=3D25 deg onwards, but the cap/hood was somewhat smaller than usual before then. This report of the work of 89 observers covers the period 1992 May to 1993 August.

  3. Sensitivity of seismic risk estimates to design and construction errors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The subject of gross design and construction errors has been addressed in the general context of structural reliability. Questions have been raised concerning the potential impact of gross design errors on risk estimates and insights obtained from seismic PRA studies of nuclear power plants. In PRA studies, seismic fragilities of structures and equipment generally are estimated by extrapolating the SSE design analysis to failure levels, taking into account safety margins and uncertainties. If design/construction errors affect a component, the component fragility family may be shifted to the left, increasing the conditional probability of failure at a given peak ground acceleration. There is some concern that the results and insights gained from existing seismic PRA studies, conducted assuming error-free plant systems and components, would have been different if gross design/construction errors had been considered. In a seismic PRA, the seismic capacity of a plant is evaluated in its assumed existing condition. Any benefits of quality assurance and quality control in reducing the likelihood of gross error have been already accounted for in its design. The as-built condition of structures and equipment may not be verified beyond a review of drawings and a cursory inspection for any obvious visible deviations, and design/construction errors may be present. Two broad classes of gross errors have been identified as random error and systematic error. An example of a random error would be the use of regular bolts for equipment anchorage when the specification calls for high-strength bolts. An example of a systematic error might be the use of incorrect soil properties in a soli-structure interaction analysis, which would affect the calculated responses at several different component locations in the plant

  4. Pattern recognition techniques and the measurement of solar magnetic fields

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lopez Ariste, Arturo; Rees, David E.; Socas-Navarro, Hector; Lites, Bruce W.

    2001-11-01

    Measuring vector magnetic fields in the solar atmosphere using the profiles of the Stokes parameters of polarized spectral lines split by the Zeeman effect is known as Stokes Inversion. This inverse problem is usually solved by least-squares fitting of the Stokes profiles. However least-squares inversion is too slow for the new generation of solar instruments (THEMIS, SOLIS, Solar-B, ...) which will produce an ever-growing flood of spectral data. The solar community urgently requires a new approach capable of handling this information explosion, preferably in real-time. We have successfully applied pattern recognition and machine learning techniques to tackle this problem. For example, we have developed PCA-inversion, a database search technique based on Principal Component Analysis of the Stokes profiles. Search is fast because it is carried out in low dimensional PCA feature space, rather than the high dimensional space of the spectral signals. Such a data compression approach has been widely used for search and retrieval in many areas of data mining. PCA-inversion is the basis of a new inversion code called FATIMA (Fast Analysis Technique for the Inversion of Magnetic Atmospheres). Tests on data from HAO's Advanced Stokes Polarimeter show that FATIMA isover two orders of magnitude faster than least squares inversion. Initial tests on an alternative code (DIANNE - Direct Inversion based on Artificial Neural NEtworks) show great promise of achieving real-time performance. In this paper we present the latest achievements of FATIMA and DIANNE, two powerful examples of how pattern recognition techniques can revolutionize data analysis in astronomy.

  5. MOSAIK: a hash-based algorithm for accurate next-generation sequencing short-read mapping.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wan-Ping Lee

    Full Text Available MOSAIK is a stable, sensitive and open-source program for mapping second and third-generation sequencing reads to a reference genome. Uniquely among current mapping tools, MOSAIK can align reads generated by all the major sequencing technologies, including Illumina, Applied Biosystems SOLiD, Roche 454, Ion Torrent and Pacific BioSciences SMRT. Indeed, MOSAIK was the only aligner to provide consistent mappings for all the generated data (sequencing technologies, low-coverage and exome in the 1000 Genomes Project. To provide highly accurate alignments, MOSAIK employs a hash clustering strategy coupled with the Smith-Waterman algorithm. This method is well-suited to capture mismatches as well as short insertions and deletions. To support the growing interest in larger structural variant (SV discovery, MOSAIK provides explicit support for handling known-sequence SVs, e.g. mobile element insertions (MEIs as well as generating outputs tailored to aid in SV discovery. All variant discovery benefits from an accurate description of the read placement confidence. To this end, MOSAIK uses a neural-network based training scheme to provide well-calibrated mapping quality scores, demonstrated by a correlation coefficient between MOSAIK assigned and actual mapping qualities greater than 0.98. In order to ensure that studies of any genome are supported, a training pipeline is provided to ensure optimal mapping quality scores for the genome under investigation. MOSAIK is multi-threaded, open source, and incorporated into our command and pipeline launcher system GKNO (http://gkno.me.

  6. CURRENT AND KINETIC HELICITY OF LONG-LIVED ACTIVITY COMPLEXES

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We study long-lived activity complexes and their current helicity at the solar surface and their kinetic helicity below the surface. The current helicity has been determined from synoptic vector magnetograms from the NSO/SOLIS facility, and the kinetic helicity of subsurface flows has been determined with ring-diagram analysis applied to full-disk Dopplergrams from NSO/GONG and SDO/HMI. Current and kinetic helicity of activity complexes follow the hemispheric helicity rule with mainly positive values (78%; 78%, respectively, with a 95% confidence level of 31%) in the southern hemisphere and negative ones (80%; 93%, respectively, with a 95% confidence level of 22% and 14%, respectively) in the northern hemisphere. The locations with the dominant sign of kinetic helicity derived from Global Oscillation Network Group (GONG) and SDO/HMI data are more organized than those of the secondary sign even if they are not part of an activity complex, while locations with the secondary sign are more fragmented. This is the case for both hemispheres even for the northern one where it is not as obvious visually due to the large amount of magnetic activity present as compared to the southern hemisphere. The current helicity shows a similar behavior. The dominant sign of current helicity is the same as that of kinetic helicity for the majority of the activity complexes (83% with a 95% confidence level of 15%). During the 24 Carrington rotations analyzed here, there is at least one longitude in each hemisphere where activity complexes occur repeatedly throughout the epoch. These ''active'' longitudes are identifiable as locations of strong current and kinetic helicity of the same sign

  7. Bashful ballerina: Multi-instrument verification and recent behaviour

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mursula, Kalevi; Virtanen, Ilpo

    2016-07-01

    Heliospheric current sheet (HCS) is the continuation of the coronal magnetic equator into space, dividing the heliospheric magnetic field (HMF) into two sectors. Because of its wavy structure, the HCS is also called the ballerina skirt. Several recent studies have proven that the HCS is southward shifted during about three years in the solar declining to minimum phase. This persistent phenomenon, now called the Bashful ballerina, has been seen in geomagnetic indices since 1930s, OMNI data since 1960s, WSO data since mid-1970s and in Ulysses probe measurements during the fast latitude scans in 1994-1995 and 2007. Here we study the long-term evolution of photospheric and coronal magnetic fields and the heliospheric current sheet since 1975 using synoptic maps from six observatories (WSO, MWO, Kitt Peak, SOLIS, SOHO/MDI and SDO/HMI). All data sets depict a fairly similar long-term evolution of magnetic fields and the heliospheric current sheet, and agree on the southward shift of the heliospheric current sheet during all the five included cycles. We show that during solar cycles 20 -- 22, the southward shift of the HCS is due to the axial quadrupole term, reflecting the stronger magnetic field intensity at the southern pole during these times. During cycle 23 the asymmetry is less persistent and due to higher harmonics than the quadrupole term. Currently, in the early declining phase of cycle 24, the HCS is also shifted southward and is, again, due to the axial quadrupole, repeating the pattern of most previous cycles.

  8. Scale evolution, sequence phylogeny, and taxonomy of thaumatomonad Cercozoa: 11 new species and new genera Scutellomonas, Cowlomonas, Thaumatospina and Ovaloplaca.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scoble, Josephine M; Cavalier-Smith, Thomas

    2014-06-01

    We describe 11 new species of Thaumatomonadida using light and electron microscopy and rDNA gene sequences (18S, ITS1, 5.8S, ITS2). We found clear distinctions between major clades in molecular and morphological traits that support now splitting Thaumatomastix into three genera: new marine genera Ovaloplaca (oval plate-scales) and Thaumatospina (triangular plate-scales), both with distinctive radially-symmetric bobbin-based spine-scales, restricting Thaumatomastix to freshwater species with putatively non-homologous eccentric-spine scales and thicker triangular plate-scales. New genus Scutellomonas lacks spine-scales, having oval plate-scales with deeply-dished upper tier as in Ovaloplaca, with which it forms a clade having short/absent anterior cilium. Cowlomonas gen. n. is possibly naked. We describe two new Allas species, two new Thaumatomonas, and one new Reckertia species, and transfer R. hindoni to Thaumatomonas. Triangular-scaled Reckertia has varied plate-scales and ciliary scales. Thaumatomonas rDNA trees reveal two clades: zhukovi/seravini (predominantly triangular scales); coloniensis/oxoniensis/lauterborni/constricta/solis (scales mostly oval). We hypothesise that the ancestor of Thaumatomonadidae had radially-symmetric bobbin-based spine-scales and triangular plate-scales, bobbin-based spine-scales being lost in one lineage and eccentric-spine scales evolving in Thaumatomastix. Bobbin-based spine-scales arguably evolved from triangular plate-scales and single-tier ciliary scales (Ovaloplaca and Reckertia only) from plate-scale rudiments. We present a unified scheme for scale evolution and development in Imbricatea. PMID:24667165

  9. Integrating sequencing technologies in personal genomics: optimal low cost reconstruction of structural variants.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jiang Du

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available The goal of human genome re-sequencing is obtaining an accurate assembly of an individual's genome. Recently, there has been great excitement in the development of many technologies for this (e.g. medium and short read sequencing from companies such as 454 and SOLiD, and high-density oligo-arrays from Affymetrix and NimbelGen, with even more expected to appear. The costs and sensitivities of these technologies differ considerably from each other. As an important goal of personal genomics is to reduce the cost of re-sequencing to an affordable point, it is worthwhile to consider optimally integrating technologies. Here, we build a simulation toolbox that will help us optimally combine different technologies for genome re-sequencing, especially in reconstructing large structural variants (SVs. SV reconstruction is considered the most challenging step in human genome re-sequencing. (It is sometimes even harder than de novo assembly of small genomes because of the duplications and repetitive sequences in the human genome. To this end, we formulate canonical problems that are representative of issues in reconstruction and are of small enough scale to be computationally tractable and simulatable. Using semi-realistic simulations, we show how we can combine different technologies to optimally solve the assembly at low cost. With mapability maps, our simulations efficiently handle the inhomogeneous repeat-containing structure of the human genome and the computational complexity of practical assembly algorithms. They quantitatively show how combining different read lengths is more cost-effective than using one length, how an optimal mixed sequencing strategy for reconstructing large novel SVs usually also gives accurate detection of SNPs/indels, how paired-end reads can improve reconstruction efficiency, and how adding in arrays is more efficient than just sequencing for disentangling some complex SVs. Our strategy should facilitate the sequencing of

  10. Identification and validation of human papillomavirus encoded microRNAs.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kui Qian

    Full Text Available We report here identification and validation of the first papillomavirus encoded microRNAs expressed in human cervical lesions and cell lines. We established small RNA libraries from ten human papillomavirus associated cervical lesions including cancer and two human papillomavirus harboring cell lines. These libraries were sequenced using SOLiD 4 technology. We used the sequencing data to predict putative viral microRNAs and discovered nine putative papillomavirus encoded microRNAs. Validation was performed for five candidates, four of which were successfully validated by qPCR from cervical tissue samples and cell lines: two were encoded by HPV 16, one by HPV 38 and one by HPV 68. The expression of HPV 16 microRNAs was further confirmed by in situ hybridization, and colocalization with p16INK4A was established. Prediction of cellular target genes of HPV 16 encoded microRNAs suggests that they may play a role in cell cycle, immune functions, cell adhesion and migration, development, and cancer. Two putative viral target sites for the two validated HPV 16 miRNAs were mapped to the E5 gene, one in the E1 gene, two in the L1 gene and one in the LCR region. This is the first report to show that papillomaviruses encode their own microRNA species. Importantly, microRNAs were found in libraries established from human cervical disease and carcinoma cell lines, and their expression was confirmed in additional tissue samples. To our knowledge, this is also the first paper to use in situ hybridization to show the expression of a viral microRNA in human tissue.

  11. The VAULT2.0 Observing Campaign: A Comprehensive Investigation of the Chromosphere-Corona Interface at Sub-arcsecond scales

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vourlidas, A.; Korendyke, C.; Tun-Beltran, S. D.; Ugarte-Urra, I.; Morrill, J. S.; Warren, H. P.; Young, P.; De Pontieu, B.; Gauzzi, G.; Reardon, K.

    2014-12-01

    We report the first results from an observing campaign in support of the VAULT2.0 sounding rocket launch on September 30, 2014. VAULT2.0 is a Lya (1216Å) spectroheliograph capable of 0.3" (~250 km) spatial resolution. The objective of the VAULT2.0 project is the study of the chromosphere-corona interface. This interface has acquired renewed emphasis over the last few years, thanks to high-resolution observations from Hinode/SOT and EIS instruments and the Lya imaging from the two VAULT flights. The observations have shown that the upper chromosphere may play a more important role in heating the corona and in affecting EUV observations that previously thought: (1) by supplying the mass via Type-II spicules and, (2) by absorbing coronal emission. Many of the required clues for further progress are located in sub-arcsecond structures with temperatures between 10000 and 50000 K, a regime not accessible by Hinode or SDO. Lyman-alpha observations are, therefore, ideal, for filling in this gap. The observing campaign in support of the VAULT2.0 is closely coordinated with the Hinode and IRIS missions to study the mass/energy flow from the chromosphere to the corona with joint observations of type-II spicules, and the magnetic connectivity of coronal loops using the full imaging and spectral capabilities of IRIS, Hinode and SDO. Several ground-based observatories also provide important observations (IBIS, BBSO, SOLIS). The VAULT2.0 project is funded by the NASA LCAS program.

  12. Mucilaginibacter carri sp. nov., isolated from a car air conditioning system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Dong-Uk; Lee, Hyosun; Kim, Hyun; Kim, Song-Gun; Park, So Yoon; Ka, Jong-Ok

    2016-04-01

    A Gram-stain-negative, pink bacterial strain, designated PR0008KT, was isolated from an automobile evaporator core in Korea. The cells were obligately aerobic and rod-shaped. The strain grew at 10-40 °C (optimum, 20 °C), at pH 5-8 (optimum, 7), and in the presence of 0-1.5% (w/v) NaCl. Phylogenetically, the strain was closely related to members of the genus Mucilaginibacter (93.4-97.0% 16S rRNA sequence similarities) and showed a high sequence similarity with Mucilaginibacter litoreus BR-18T, Mucilaginibacter lutimaris BR-3T and Mucilaginibacter soli R9-65T (97.0%, 96.9% and 96.9% 16S rRNA sequence similarity, respectively). It contained summed feature 3 (C16:1ω7c and/or C16:1ω6c), C16 : 0, iso-C17:0 3-OH and C16:0 as the predominant fatty acids and MK-7 as the major menaquinone. The polar lipids were phosphatidylethanolamine, one unknown aminophospholipid, two unknown aminolipids and two unknown polar lipids. The DNA G+C content of this strain was 47.4 mol%. Based on the phenotypic, genotypic and chemotaxonomic data, strain PR0008KT represents a novel species in the genus Mucilaginibacter, for which the name Mucilaginibacter carri sp. nov. (=KACC 17938T=NBRC 111539T) is proposed. PMID:26827708

  13. Lep-MAP: fast and accurate linkage map construction for large SNP datasets

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rastas, Pasi; Paulin, Lars; Hanski, Ilkka; Lehtonen, Rainer; Auvinen, Petri

    2013-01-01

    Motivation: Current high-throughput sequencing technologies allow cost-efficient genotyping of millions of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) for hundreds of samples. However, the tools that are currently available for constructing linkage maps are not well suited for large datasets. Linkage maps of large datasets would be helpful in de novo genome assembly by facilitating comprehensive genome validation and refinement by enabling chimeric scaffold detection, as well as in family-based linkage and association studies, quantitative trait locus mapping, analysis of genome synteny and other complex genomic data analyses. Results: We describe a novel tool, called Lepidoptera-MAP (Lep-MAP), for constructing accurate linkage maps with ultradense genome-wide SNP data. Lep-MAP is fast and memory efficient and largely automated, requiring minimal user interaction. It uses simultaneously data on multiple outbred families and can increase linkage map accuracy by taking into account achiasmatic meiosis, a special feature of Lepidoptera and some other taxa with no recombination in one sex (no recombination in females in Lepidoptera). We demonstrate that Lep-MAP outperforms other methods on real and simulated data. We construct a genome-wide linkage map of the Glanville fritillary butterfly (Melitaea cinxia) with over 40 000 SNPs. The data were generated with a novel in-house SOLiD restriction site-associated DNA tag sequencing protocol, which is described in the online supplementary material. Availability and implementation: Java source code under GNU general public license with the compiled classes and the datasets are available from http://sourceforge.net/users/lep-map. Contact: pasi.rastas@helsinki.fi Supplementary information: Supplementary data are available at Bioinformatics online. PMID:24078685

  14. Solar magnetic activity cycles, coronal potential field models and eruption rates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Petrie, Gordon

    2013-07-01

    We study the evolution of the observed photospheric magnetic field and the modeled global coronal magnetic field during the past 3 1/2 solar activity cycles observed since the mid-1970s. We use synoptic magnetograms and extrapolated potential-field models based on longitudinal full-disk photospheric magnetograms from the NSO's three magnetographs at Kitt Peak, the Synoptic Optical Long-term Investigations of the Sun (SOLIS) vector spectro-magnetograph (VSM), the spectro-magnetograph and the 512-channel magnetograph instruments, and from the U. Stanford's Wilcox Solar Observatory. The associated multipole field components are used to study the dominant length scales and symmetries of the coronal field. Of the axisymmetric multipoles, only the dipole and octupole follow the poles whereas the higher orders follow the activity cycle. All non-axisymmetric multipole strengths are well correlated with the activity cycle. The axial dipole and octupole are the largest contributors to the global field except while the polar fields are reversing. This influence of the polar fields extends to modulating eruption rates. According to the Computer Aided CME Tracking (CACTus), Solar Eruptive Event Detection System (SEEDS), and Nobeyama radioheliograph prominence eruption catalogs, the rate of solar eruptions is found to be systematically higher for active years between 2003-2012 than for those between 1997-2002. This behavior appears to be connected with the weakness of the late-cycle 23 polar fields as suggested by Luhmann. We see evidence that the process of cycle 24 field reversal is well advanced at both poles.

  15. Radionuclide dynamics during litter decomposition in a holm-oak forest

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Migration of 134Cs and 110Agm in a Mediterranean forest soil was studied by means of field incubation of artificially contaminated holm-oak leaves in plastic cylinders. The contaminated green leaves in the cylinders replaced the original litter layer, and the litter decomposition processes were studied. The following layers were sampled: L (remaining litter), F (fermented litter), H (humus layer) and mineral soli layers. The fraction of radionuclides that had migrated from the L-layer accumulated mainly in the F- and H-layers, whereas very little activity reached the mineral soil after an initial leaching period. During the second year of incubation, a significant transfer from the F-layer to the H-layer was observed for both radionuclides. Radionuclide dynamics in the F-layer followed three different periods: In the first period, rapid accumulation of radionuclides occurred in the F-layer as a consequence of initial leaching from the L-layer. In the second period, there was both transfer from the L-layer and transfer to the H-layer of radiaonuclides, which was mainly due to degradation of easily decomposable compounds. The F-layer lost about 70% of its weight, but the radionuclide content remained constant. It is suggested that in this period, retention of radionuclides by recalcitrant compounds occurred. Micro-organisms could also play an important role in consuming carbon, with subsequent immobilization of radionuclides. Finally, a third period, with both carbon and radionuclide mineralization, was observed at the end of the incubation period. It can be concluded that the decomposition processes and organic matter dynamics in the L- and F-layers are key factors controlling cycling of radionuclides in forest system. 13 refs, 5 figs

  16. Photospheric and coronal magnetic fields in six magnetographs. I. Consistent evolution of the bashful ballerina

    Science.gov (United States)

    Virtanen, Ilpo; Mursula, Kalevi

    2016-06-01

    Aims: We study the long-term evolution of photospheric and coronal magnetic fields and the heliospheric current sheet (HCS), especially its north-south asymmetry. Special attention is paid to the reliability of the six data sets used in this study and to the consistency of the results based on these data sets. Methods: We use synoptic maps constructed from Wilcox Solar Observatory (WSO), Mount Wilson Observatory (MWO), Kitt Peak (KP), SOLIS, SOHO/MDI, and SDO/HMI measurements of the photospheric field and the potential field source surface (PFSS) model. Results: The six data sets depict a fairly similar long-term evolution of magnetic fields and the heliospheric current sheet, including polarity reversals and hemispheric asymmetry. However, there are time intervals of several years long, when first KP measurements in the 1970s and 1980s, and later WSO measurements in the 1990s and early 2000s, significantly deviate from the other simultaneous data sets, reflecting likely errors at these times. All of the six magnetographs agree on the southward shift of the heliospheric current sheet (the so-called bashful ballerina phenomenon) in the declining to minimum phase of the solar cycle during a few years of the five included cycles. We show that during solar cycles 20-22, the southward shift of the HCS is mainly due to the axial quadrupole term, reflecting the stronger magnetic field intensity at the southern pole during these times. During cycle 23 the asymmetry is less persistent and mainly due to higher harmonics than the quadrupole term. Currently, in the early declining phase of cycle 24, the HCS is also shifted southward and is mainly due to the axial quadrupole as for most earlier cycles. This further emphasizes the special character of the global solar field during cycle 23.

  17. RNA sequencing of the exercise transcriptome in equine athletes.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stefano Capomaccio

    Full Text Available The horse is an optimal model organism for studying the genomic response to exercise-induced stress, due to its natural aptitude for athletic performance and the relative homogeneity of its genetic and environmental backgrounds. Here, we applied RNA-sequencing analysis through the use of SOLiD technology in an experimental framework centered on exercise-induced stress during endurance races in equine athletes. We monitored the transcriptional landscape by comparing gene expression levels between animals at rest and after competition. Overall, we observed a shift from coding to non-coding regions, suggesting that the stress response involves the differential expression of not annotated regions. Notably, we observed significant post-race increases of reads that correspond to repeats, especially the intergenic and intronic L1 and L2 transposable elements. We also observed increased expression of the antisense strands compared to the sense strands in intronic and regulatory regions (1 kb up- and downstream of the genes, suggesting that antisense transcription could be one of the main mechanisms for transposon regulation in the horse under stress conditions. We identified a large number of transcripts corresponding to intergenic and intronic regions putatively associated with new transcriptional elements. Gene expression and pathway analysis allowed us to identify several biological processes and molecular functions that may be involved with exercise-induced stress. Ontology clustering reflected mechanisms that are already known to be stress activated (e.g., chemokine-type cytokines, Toll-like receptors, and kinases, as well as "nucleic acid binding" and "signal transduction activity" functions. There was also a general and transient decrease in the global rates of protein synthesis, which would be expected after strenuous global stress. In sum, our network analysis points toward the involvement of specific gene clusters in equine exercise

  18. Comparative Analyses of H3K4 and H3K27 Trimethylations Between the Mouse Cerebrum and Testis

    KAUST Repository

    Cui, Peng

    2012-06-08

    The global features of H3K4 and H3K27 trimethylations (H3K4me3 and H3K27me3) have been well studied in recent years, but most of these studies were performed in mammalian cell lines. In this work, we generated the genome-wide maps of H3K4me3 and H3K27me3 of mouse cerebrum and testis using ChIP-seq and their high-coverage transcriptomes using ribominus RNA-seq with SOLiD technology. We examined the global patterns of H3K4me3 and H3K27me3 in both tissues and found that modifications are closely-associated with tissue-specific expression, function and development. Moreover, we revealed that H3K4me3 and H3K27me3 rarely occur in silent genes, which contradicts the findings in previous studies. Finally, we observed that bivalent domains, with both H3K4me3 and H3K27me3, existed ubiquitously in both tissues and demonstrated an invariable preference for the regulation of developmentally-related genes. However, the bivalent domains tend towards a “winner-takes-all” approach to regulate the expression of associated genes. We also verified the above results in mouse ES cells. As expected, the results in ES cells are consistent with those in cerebrum and testis. In conclusion, we present two very important findings. One is that H3K4me3 and H3K27me3 rarely occur in silent genes. The other is that bivalent domains may adopt a “winner-takes-all” principle to regulate gene expression.

  19. Shotgun metagenomic data reveals signifcant abundance but low diversity of Candidatus Scalindua marine anammox bacteria in the Arabian Sea oxygen minimum zone

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    laura eVillanueva

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Anaerobic ammonium oxidizing (anammox bacteria are responsible for a significant portion of the loss of fixed nitrogen from the oceans, making them important players in the global nitrogen cycle. To date, marine anammox bacteria found in both water columns and sediments worldwide belong almost exclusively to Candidatus Scalindua species. Recently the genome assembly of a marine anammox enrichment culture dominated by Candidatus Scalindua profunda became available and can now be used as a template to study metagenome data obtained from various oxygen minimum zones. Here, we sequenced genomic DNA from suspended particulate matter recovered at the upper (170 m deep and center (600 m area of the oxygen minimum zone in the Arabian Sea by SOLiD and Ion Torrent technology. The genome of Candidatus Scalindua profunda served as a template to collect reads. Based on the mapped reads marine anammox Abundance was estimated to be at least 0.4% in the upper and 1.7% in the center area. Single nucleotide variation (SNV analysis was performed to assess diversity of the Candidatus Scalindua populations. Most highly covered were the two diagnostic anammox genes hydrazine synthase (scal_01318c, hzsA and hydrazine dehydrogenase (scal_03295, hdh, while other genes involved in anammox metabolism (narGH, nirS, amtB, focA and ACS had a lower coverage but could still be assembled and analyzed. The results show that Candidatus Scalindua is abundantly present in the Arabian Sea OMZ, but that the diversity within the ecosystem is relatively low.

  20. The VAULT2.0 Observing Campaign: The First Comprehensive Investigation of the Chromosphere-Corona Interface at Sub-arcsecond scales

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vourlidas, A.; Korendyke, C.; Tun, S.; Ugarte-Urra, I.; Chua, D. H.; Morrill, J. S.; Warren, H. P.; Young, P.; Landi, E.; De Pontieu, B.; Cauzzi, G.; Reardon, K.

    2013-12-01

    We report the first results from an observing campaign in support of the VAULT2.0 sounding rocket launch. VAULT2.0 is a Lya (1216Å) spectroheliograph capable of 0.3' (~250 km) spatial resolution. The objective of the VAULT2.0 project is the study of the chromosphere-corona interface. This interface has acquired renewed emphasis over the last few years, thanks to high-resolution observations from Hinode/SOT and EIS instruments and the Lya imaging from the two VAULT flights. The observations have shown that the upper chromosphere may play a more important role in heating the corona and in affecting EUV observations that previously thought: (1) by supplying the mass via Type-II spicules and, (2) by absorbing coronal emission. Many of the required clues for further progress are located in sub-arcsecond structures with temperatures between 10000 and 50000 K, a regime not accessible by Hinode or SDO. Lyman-alpha observations are, therefore, ideal, for filling in this gap. The observing campaign in support of the VAULT2.0 is closely coordinated with the Hinode and IRIS missions to study the mass/energy flow from the chromosphere to the corona with joint observations of type-II spicules, and the magnetic connectivity of coronal loops using the full imaging and spectral capabilities of IRIS, Hinode and SDO. Several ground-based observatories also provide important observations (IBIS, BBSO, SOLIS). The VAULT2.0 project is funded by the NASA LCAS program. The upgraded payload, VAULT2.0, is ideally suited to address this questions because it observes in a unique line, unavailable elsewhere, it's the only other space telescope with spatial resolution comparable to that of the Hinode instruments, and the science objectives are well suited to the short time span of a rocket flight.

  1. INVESTIGATING THE CORRELATION BETWEEN ACADEMIC AVARAGES OF ELEMENTARY ENGLISH COURSE AND ENGLISH SUB-TEST SCORES IN LEVEL DETERMINATION EXAMINATION WITH STRUCTURAL EQUATION MODELLING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gökhan BAŞ

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Purpose and Significance: The central examinations have been per¬formed with the aim of selecting and placing the students in the various education institutions for a long time in Turkey. Among these central examinations come the ones that are performed in the transition from elementary education to secondary education first (Karakaya, 2012. In the transition from elementary education to sec¬ondary education, the results of the Level Determination Examination, known as SBS are used. In order to select students and place them in second¬ary schools, the Level Determination Examination (LDE has been performed for the 6th, 7th, and 8th grades since the academic year 2007–2008 (MEB, 2010a. The Level Determination Examination includes five sub-tests, which are Turkish, mathematics, science and technology, social sciences, and foreign languages (MEB, 2010b. After the elementary curriculum has been renewed in 2005-2006 academic year, alternative measurement and assessment approaches are being used in the classrooms such as project work, classroom involvement, performance work, portfolio, etc. (Atılgan, Kan & Doğan, 2011. Amongst these, project work, classroom involvement, performance work, and formal examinations at school are being used for the transition from elementary education to sec¬ondary education as well as the result of the Level Determination Examination (MEB, 2010a. When the related literature is viewed, it is seen that there are many studies on the effects of the LDE (Sevindik, 2009; Üzkurt & Koçakoğlu, 2009; Anıl et al., 2010; Güler, 2010; Erdoğan, Giorgietti & Çifçili, 2010; Kelecioğlu, Atalay & Öztürk, 2010; Kurt, 2010; Yılmaz, 2010; Anıl & Güzeller, 2011; Bal, 2011; Şahin, 2011; Güzeller, 2012; Karakaya, 2012; Karakaya & Kutlu, 2012. These studies are seen that they have mostly focused on mathematics and science and technology sub-tests in the LDE. However, it is understood that there are no studies which focuses

  2. Martian subsurface properties and crater formation processes inferred from fresh impact crater geometries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stewart, Sarah T.; Valiant, Gregory J.

    2006-10-01

    The geometry of simple impact craters reflects the properties of the target materials, and the diverse range of fluidized morphologies observed in Martian ejecta blankets are controlled by the near-surface composition and the climate at the time of impact. Using the Mars Orbiter Laser Altimeter (MOLA) data set, quantitative information about the strength of the upper crust and the dynamics of Martian ejecta blankets may be derived from crater geometry measurements. Here, we present the results from geometrical measurements of fresh craters 3-50 km in rim diameter in selected highland (Lunae and Solis Plana) and lowland (Acidalia, Isidis, and Utopia Planitiae) terrains. We find large, resolved differences between the geometrical properties of the freshest highland and lowland craters. Simple lowland craters are 1.5-2.0 times deeper (≥5σo difference) with >50% larger cavities (≥2σo) compared to highland craters of the same diameter. Rim heights and the volume of material above the preimpact surface are slightly greater in the lowlands over most of the size range studied. The different shapes of simple highland and lowland craters indicate that the upper ˜6.5 km of the lowland study regions are significantly stronger than the upper crust of the highland plateaus. Lowland craters collapse to final volumes of 45-70% of their transient cavity volumes, while highland craters preserve only 25-50%. The effective yield strength of the upper crust in the lowland regions falls in the range of competent rock, approximately 9-12 MPa, and the highland plateaus may be weaker by a factor of 2 or more, consistent with heavily fractured Noachian layered deposits. The measured volumes of continuous ejecta blankets and uplifted surface materials exceed the predictions from standard crater scaling relationships and Maxwell's Z model of crater excavation by a factor of 3. The excess volume of fluidized ejecta blankets on Mars cannot be explained by concentration of ejecta through

  3. Crecimiento y supervivencia de crías de pulpo (Octopus maya : alimentados con dietas inertes bajo condiciones de laboratorio en Yucatán, México Growth and survival of larvals of octopus (Octopus maya : fed with inert diets under conditions of laboratory in Yucatan, Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miguel Rodríguez-Serna

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Bajo un diseño experimental se probaron tres dietas con el objetivo de determinar el crecimiento y la supervivencia de las crías de Octopus maya (Voss y Solís 1966, utilizando dos tipos de alimento inerte (A2 = Balanceado, A3 = Surimi y comparándolo con un alimento vivo (A1 = Artemia, bajo condiciones controladas. Los resultados mostraron diferencias significativas entre el alimento vivo y el alimento inerte. Se encontró un mejor crecimiento en peso ganado en las crías de pulpo alimentadas con una dieta viva en comparación con las dietas inertes (A1 = 11.88 g, A2 = 8.9 g, A3 = 8.83 g; sin embargo, para las tres dietas se obtuvo una baja supervivencia. El análisis estadístico arrojó diferencias estadísticas (p > 0.05 entre todos los tratamientos, siendo el alimento vivo el que presentó la mayor supervivencia con un 61.3%, seguido del surimi con un 42.3% y finalmente el balanceado con un 27.6%. La alimentación de O. maya en cautiverio aún requiere de muchos esfuerzos para desarrollar un alimento balanceado adecuado desde el punto de vista nutrimental o de formulación, así como desde la parte de atracción y aceptación por los animales.Three experimental diets were probed for the growth and survival rates of young Octopus maya (Voss and Solis 1966, using two inert foods (A2 = shrimp pellets, A3 = Surimi and one alive food (A1 = Artemia, under controlled conditions. The results showed significant differences between the live food and the inert ones. Young octopus feed with artemia, reported better growth in weight gained compared with the inert diets (A1 = 11.88 g, A2 = 8.9 g, A3 = 8.83 g. All three diets obtained low survivorships, being the alive food the best one with a rate of 61.3%, followed by surimi with 42.3%, and finally the pellet food with 27.6%. Statistical analysis showed differences (p > 0.05 between all the treatments for both growth and survival results. Artificial feeding of O. maya in captivity still requires many

  4. COME EDUCARE LE LETTRICI/I LETTORI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mirjana N. Benjak

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Lo scopo principale dell’educazione letteraria nell’ambito della scuola media è formare la futura lettrice/il futuro lettore. La realizzazione di questo obiettivo è affidata principalmente alla lettura d’obbligo. I risultati dell’analisi comparativa dei programmi d’insegnamento (curriculum dei licei croati ed europei, indicano che esistono diversi approcci riguardo la scelta degli autori e dei titoli delle letture d’obbligo. In alcuni casi (ad esempio, gli sloveni si prescrive rigorosamente il numero degli autori e delle opere per ogni anno scolastico, in altri (ad esempio, gli austriaci si prevede la libera scelta delle letture d’obbligo che le alunne e gli alunni concordano assieme alle loro insegnanti ed ai loro insegnanti (lettura d’obbligo concordata, oppure gli insegnanti consigliano solo alcune opere non indicando i nomi degli autori (ad esempio, i cechi. Nei programmi d’insegnamento dei licei croati non esiste alcuna indicazione riguardante la lettura d’obbligo. I dati dell’analisi dimostrano che nella maggioranza dei casi nell’ideazione dei programmi d’insegnamento (curriculum europei non si presta la dovuta attenzione agli interessi ed ai gusti letterari delle alunne/degli alunni. Anche se in Croazia non è stata mai condotta una ricerca istituzionale su questo argomento, i risultati ottenuti sulla base delle singole ricerche sono tali che dovrebbero essere presi in considerazione nella programmazione delle letture d’obbligo nell’ambito dell’insegnamento della letteratura nei licei. In base a questi dati si auspica l’applicazione del cosiddetto sistema aperto di lettura d’obbligo il quale prevede la proposta di un elenco di opere letterarie dal quale le alunne/gli alunni scelgono da soli i testi per la lettura domestica. Al contempo, si propongono procedimenti e metodi che contribuiscono ad eliminare gli ostacoli che l’alunno/a incontra nella comprensione delle singole opere letterarie

  5. Transcriptome profiling of the demosponge Amphimedon queenslandica reveals genome-wide events that accompany major life cycle transitions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Conaco Cecilia

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The biphasic life cycle with pelagic larva and benthic adult stages is widely observed in the animal kingdom, including the Porifera (sponges, which are the earliest branching metazoans. The demosponge, Amphimedon queenslandica, undergoes metamorphosis from a free-swimming larva into a sessile adult that bears no morphological resemblance to other animals. While the genome of A. queenslandica contains an extensive repertoire of genes very similar to that of complex bilaterians, it is as yet unclear how this is drawn upon to coordinate changing morphological features and ecological demands throughout the sponge life cycle. Results To identify genome-wide events that accompany the pelagobenthic transition in A. queenslandica, we compared global gene expression profiles at four key developmental stages by sequencing the poly(A transcriptome using SOLiD technology. Large-scale changes in transcription were observed as sponge larvae settled on the benthos and began metamorphosis. Although previous systematics suggest that the only clear homology between Porifera and other animals is in the embryonic and larval stages, we observed extensive use of genes involved in metazoan-associated cellular processes throughout the sponge life cycle. Sponge-specific transcripts are not over-represented in the morphologically distinct adult; rather, many genes that encode typical metazoan features, such as cell adhesion and immunity, are upregulated. Our analysis further revealed gene families with candidate roles in competence, settlement, and metamorphosis in the sponge, including transcription factors, G-protein coupled receptors and other signaling molecules. Conclusions This first genome-wide study of the developmental transcriptome in an early branching metazoan highlights major transcriptional events that accompany the pelagobenthic transition and point to a network of regulatory mechanisms that coordinate changes in morphology with

  6. Hymenobacter perfusus sp. nov., Hymenobacter flocculans sp. nov. and Hymenobacter metalli sp. nov. three new species isolated from an uranium mine waste water treatment system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chung, Ana Paula; Lopes, André; Nobre, M Fernanda; Morais, Paula V

    2010-12-01

    Three red-pink pigmented strains, designated A1-12(T), A2-50A(T) and A2-91(T), were recovered from two different sites in a uranium mine. For all strains, the optimum growth temperature was 25°C, the optimum pH was 6.0-6.5 and the DNA G+C contents were between 60 and 63.4 mol%. The major respiratory quinone was menaquinone 7 (MK-7) and the fatty acid profiles contained iso- and anteiso-branched C15 fatty acids, summed feature 3 (16:1 ω6c and/or ω7c and/or 15:0 iso 2-OH), summed feature 4 (17:1 anteiso B and/or iso I) and the unsaturated fatty acid 16:1 ω5c as the major components. Phylogenetic analysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that these organisms represented three distinct branches within the family Flexibacteraceae most closely related to the members of the genus Hymenobacter. Strain A1-12(T) formed a distinct phylogenetic line along with H. rigui KCTC 12533(T) and they shared approximately 98.9% 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity. However, these two strains shared only 14.7% pairwise similarity in their genomic DNA. Strains A2-50A(T) and A2-91(T) formed two distinct lineages, related to the species H. soli KCTC 12607(T), sharing about 95.5% 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity between themselves, and 88.3 and 92.0% with other members of the genus Hymenobacter. Based on the phylogenetic analysis and physiological and biochemical characteristics, these isolates were considered to represent three novel species for which we propose the names Hymenobacter perfusus for strain A1-12(T) (=CIP 110166=LMG 26000), Hymenobacter flocculans for strain A2-50A(T) (=CIP 110139=LMG 25699) and Hymenobacter metalli for strain A2-91(T) (=CIP 110140=LMG 25700). PMID:21051170

  7. Comprehensive Assessments of RNA-seq by the SEQC Consortium: FDA-Led Efforts Advance Precision Medicine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Joshua; Gong, Binsheng; Wu, Leihong; Thakkar, Shraddha; Hong, Huixiao; Tong, Weida

    2016-01-01

    Studies on gene expression in response to therapy have led to the discovery of pharmacogenomics biomarkers and advances in precision medicine. Whole transcriptome sequencing (RNA-seq) is an emerging tool for profiling gene expression and has received wide adoption in the biomedical research community. However, its value in regulatory decision making requires rigorous assessment and consensus between various stakeholders, including the research community, regulatory agencies, and industry. The FDA-led SEquencing Quality Control (SEQC) consortium has made considerable progress in this direction, and is the subject of this review. Specifically, three RNA-seq platforms (Illumina HiSeq, Life Technologies SOLiD, and Roche 454) were extensively evaluated at multiple sites to assess cross-site and cross-platform reproducibility. The results demonstrated that relative gene expression measurements were consistently comparable across labs and platforms, but not so for the measurement of absolute expression levels. As part of the quality evaluation several studies were included to evaluate the utility of RNA-seq in clinical settings and safety assessment. The neuroblastoma study profiled tumor samples from 498 pediatric neuroblastoma patients by both microarray and RNA-seq. RNA-seq offers more utilities than microarray in determining the transcriptomic characteristics of cancer. However, RNA-seq and microarray-based models were comparable in clinical endpoint prediction, even when including additional features unique to RNA-seq beyond gene expression. The toxicogenomics study compared microarray and RNA-seq profiles of the liver samples from rats exposed to 27 different chemicals representing multiple toxicity modes of action. Cross-platform concordance was dependent on chemical treatment and transcript abundance. Though both RNA-seq and microarray are suitable for developing gene expression based predictive models with comparable prediction performance, RNA-seq offers

  8. Music and the Nature: Input of the Czech Composers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nemec, Vaclav; Nemcova, Lidmila

    2014-05-01

    Slovak mountains. Josef Suk (1874 - 1935): Pohádka léta (A Summer's Tale) - a work for orchestra remembering a relax and consolation in beauties of the Nature. Bohuslav Martinů (1890 - 1959): Otvírání studánek (The Opening of the Springs) - cantata for soli, female chorus and instrumental accompaniment remembering old local customs of purifying water in the wells when spring comes.

  9. Comprehensive Assessments of RNA-seq by the SEQC Consortium: FDA-Led Efforts Advance Precision Medicine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joshua Xu

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Studies on gene expression in response to therapy have led to the discovery of pharmacogenomics biomarkers and advances in precision medicine. Whole transcriptome sequencing (RNA-seq is an emerging tool for profiling gene expression and has received wide adoption in the biomedical research community. However, its value in regulatory decision making requires rigorous assessment and consensus between various stakeholders, including the research community, regulatory agencies, and industry. The FDA-led SEquencing Quality Control (SEQC consortium has made considerable progress in this direction, and is the subject of this review. Specifically, three RNA-seq platforms (Illumina HiSeq, Life Technologies SOLiD, and Roche 454 were extensively evaluated at multiple sites to assess cross-site and cross-platform reproducibility. The results demonstrated that relative gene expression measurements were consistently comparable across labs and platforms, but not so for the measurement of absolute expression levels. As part of the quality evaluation several studies were included to evaluate the utility of RNA-seq in clinical settings and safety assessment. The neuroblastoma study profiled tumor samples from 498 pediatric neuroblastoma patients by both microarray and RNA-seq. RNA-seq offers more utilities than microarray in determining the transcriptomic characteristics of cancer. However, RNA-seq and microarray-based models were comparable in clinical endpoint prediction, even when including additional features unique to RNA-seq beyond gene expression. The toxicogenomics study compared microarray and RNA-seq profiles of the liver samples from rats exposed to 27 different chemicals representing multiple toxicity modes of action. Cross-platform concordance was dependent on chemical treatment and transcript abundance. Though both RNA-seq and microarray are suitable for developing gene expression based predictive models with comparable prediction performance, RNA

  10. An evaluation of alternative methods for constructing phylogenies from whole genome sequence data: a case study with Salmonella

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    James B. Pettengill

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Comparative genomics based on whole genome sequencing (WGS is increasingly being applied to investigate questions within evolutionary and molecular biology, as well as questions concerning public health (e.g., pathogen outbreaks. Given the impact that conclusions derived from such analyses may have, we have evaluated the robustness of clustering individuals based on WGS data to three key factors: (1 next-generation sequencing (NGS platform (HiSeq, MiSeq, IonTorrent, 454, and SOLiD, (2 algorithms used to construct a SNP (single nucleotide polymorphism matrix (reference-based and reference-free, and (3 phylogenetic inference method (FastTreeMP, GARLI, and RAxML. We carried out these analyses on 194 whole genome sequences representing 107 unique Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica ser. Montevideo strains. Reference-based approaches for identifying SNPs produced trees that were significantly more similar to one another than those produced under the reference-free approach. Topologies inferred using a core matrix (i.e., no missing data were significantly more discordant than those inferred using a non-core matrix that allows for some missing data. However, allowing for too much missing data likely results in a high false discovery rate of SNPs. When analyzing the same SNP matrix, we observed that the more thorough inference methods implemented in GARLI and RAxML produced more similar topologies than FastTreeMP. Our results also confirm that reproducibility varies among NGS platforms where the MiSeq had the lowest number of pairwise differences among replicate runs. Our investigation into the robustness of clustering patterns illustrates the importance of carefully considering how data from different platforms are combined and analyzed. We found clear differences in the topologies inferred, and certain methods performed significantly better than others for discriminating between the highly clonal organisms investigated here. The methods supported by

  11. Students' Sex Mentality of One Medical College%某医学院本科生性心理现状分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李志刚; 马长征

    2009-01-01

    目的 了解医学生性心理现状,为建立高校性心理健康教育模式提供依据.方法 采用自编问卷对某医学院399名本科医学生进行问卷调查.结果 男、女生是否喜欢自身性别的报告率差异有统计学意义(P<0.01),男生更愿意接受自身性别;大多数学生都希望与异性交往,且男生的需求更强烈;男、女生在释放性心理压力的途径与方法上差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);多数学生认为大学期间恋爱动机是排遣寂寞.结论 医学生性发展与性知识不协调,性需求和性满足之间存在冲突和矛盾.应科学引导学生树立正确的恋爱观,重视在校园内开展性知识教育和性文化建设.%Objective To understand medical students" current sex mentality, and to provide bases for establishing sex mental health edu-cation mode. Methods By using self-designed questionnaire, 399 medical students were investigated. Results There was statistical significant difference about the opinion towards whether they like their genders or not(P <0.01) , male students were more willing to accept their sex identities. Moat students were expecting to sooialize to socialize with the opposite genders and the male students manifested stronger desire. There were huge gen-der differences in the ways to releasing sex mental pressure (P < 0.05). Most students regarded love affaires in campus as a way of casting off soli-tude. Conclusion Medical college students" sex development and sex knowledge are not coordinated. There are conflicts between sex desire and fulfillment. It's advisable to help students develop proper ideas about love by sex education and spreading of its related culture.

  12. Oomycete transcriptomics database: A resource for oomycete transcriptomes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tripathy Sucheta

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Oomycete pathogens have attracted significant attention in recent years due to their economic impact. With improving sequencing technologies, large amounts of oomycete transcriptomics data are now available which have great biological utility. A known bottleneck with next generation sequencing data however lies with their analysis, interpretation, organization, storage and visualization. A number of efforts have been made in this respect resulting in development of a myriad of resources. Most of the existing NGS browsers work as standalone applications that need processed data to be uploaded to the browser locally for visualization. At the same time, several oomycete EST databases such as PFGD, ESTAP and SPC, are not available anymore, so there is an immediate need for a database resource that can store and disseminate this legacy information in addition to NGS data. Description Oomycetes Transcriptomics Database is an integrated transcriptome and EST data resource for oomycete pathogens. The database currently stores processed ABI SOLiD transcript sequences from Phytophthora sojae and its host soybean (P. sojae mycelia, healthy soybean and P. sojae-infected soybean as well as Illumina transcript sequences from five Hyaloperonospora arabidopsidis libraries. In addition to those resources, it has also a complete set of Sanger EST sequences from P. sojae, P. infestans and H. arabidopsidis grown under various conditions. A web-based transcriptome browser was created for visualization of assembled transcripts, their mapping to the reference genome, expression profiling and depth of read coverage for particular locations on the genome. The transcriptome browser merges EST-derived contigs with NGS-derived assembled transcripts on the fly and displays the consensus. OTD possesses strong query features and the database interacts with the VBI Microbial Database as well as the Phytophthora Transcriptomics Database. Conclusion Oomycete

  13. Sphingomonas aerophila sp. nov. and Sphingomonas naasensis sp. nov., isolated from air and soil, respectively.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Soo-Jin; Moon, Ji-Young; Lim, Jun-Muk; Ahn, Jae-Hyung; Weon, Hang-Yeon; Ahn, Tae-Young; Kwon, Soon-Wo

    2014-03-01

    Two strains, designated 5413J-26(T) and KIS18-15(T), were isolated from the air and forest soil, respectively, in South Korea. Cells of the two strains were Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, polar-flagellated and rod-shaped. According to the phylogenetic tree, strains 5413J-26(T) and KIS18-15(T) fell into the cluster of Sphingomonas sensu stricto. Strain 5413J-26(T) showed the highest sequence similarities with Sphingomonas trueperi LMG 2142(T) (96.6%), Sphingomonas molluscorum KMM 3882(T) (96.5%), Sphingomonas azotifigens NBRC 15497(T) (96.3 %) and Sphingomonas pituitosa EDIV(T) (96.1 %), while strain KIS18-15(T) had the highest sequence similarity with Sphingomonas soli T5-04(T) (96.8%), Sphingomonas pituitosa EDIV(T) (96.6%), Sphingomonas leidyi ATCC 15260(T) (96.6 %), Sphingomonas asaccharolytica NBRC 15499(T) (96.6 %) and Sphingomonas koreensis JSS26(T) (96.6 %). The 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity between strains 5413J-26(T) and KIS18-15(T) was 95.4 %. Ubiquinone 10 was the predominant respiratory quinone and homospermidine was the major polyamine. The major polar lipids consisted of diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, and several unidentified phospholipids and lipids. The main cellular fatty acids (>10% of the total fatty acids) of strain 5413J-26(T) were summed feature 8 (C18 : 1ω6c and/or C18 : 1ω7c), summed feature 3 (C16 : 1ω7c and/or iso-C15 : 0 2-OH) and C14 : 0 2-OH, and those of strain KIS18-15(T) were summed feature 8 and C16 : 0. Based on the results of 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, and physiological and biochemical characterization, two novel species with the suggested names Sphingomonas aerophila sp. nov. (type strain 5413J-26(T) = KACC 16533(T) = NBRC 108942(T)) and Sphingomonas naasensis sp. nov. (type strain KIS18-15(T) = KACC 16534(T) = NBRC 108943(T)) are proposed. PMID:24425812

  14. Educare educando all'opera: socialità e individualità nella 'Fanciulla del West' di Puccini

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrea Chegai

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available In svariate occasioni i musicologi hanno posto l’accento sull’efficacia educativa dell’opera per lo sviluppo della dimensione sentimentale di soggetti a diversi livelli scolari. Insegnare a cogliere la valenza drammatica di una scena o di un’aria e delle passioni che la animano tramite i contenuti del testo verbale e l’assetto musicale stabilito dal compositore è un ottimo viatico per educare all’ascolto della musica cogliendo le opportunità che essa offre a livello di formazione generale. A questo aspetto potrebbe essere utilmente affiancata la componente interrelazionale che costituisce la sostanza di cui si approvvigiona il teatro musicale di ogni epoca e tradizione. In quanto dramma, l’opera in musica inscena vicende fondate su relazioni interpersonali molteplici; sodalizi e dissidi, legami familiari e amorosi, passioni apparenti o tacite, aspirazioni legittime o illecite e ostacoli che si frappongono al loro conseguimento, socialità o viceversa solitudini ed isolamento. A ognuna di queste condizioni è nella finzione drammatica garantito diritto di esistenza. Persino la crudeltà o l’inganno possono mostrarsi seducenti, in un duetto, ma un ascolto competente riesce a darne conto e a smascherarli. La solitudine di un monologo procura all’opera di ogni tempo esiti musicalmente ragguardevoli, e anche in questo caso se ne può trarre un utile in termini di educazione affettiva (non c’è niente di sbagliato nel sentirsi soli e diversi dagli altri: è uno stato che serve alla crescita e può persino generare bellezza. Buoni e cattivi si confrontano, e come nella vita reale capita che tanto gli uni quanto gli altri possano avere la meglio: l’intreccio del dramma aiuterà a comprendere cosa eventualmente è andato storto; e come nella vita reale capita anche che buoni e cattivi si confondano fra loro. L’opera, contraddistinta dalla presentificazione specifica dei generi performativi, e anche per questo di forte presa

  15. Genome Project Standards in a New Era of Sequencing

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    GSC Consortia; HMP Jumpstart Consortia; Chain, P. S. G.; Grafham, D. V.; Fulton, R. S.; FitzGerald, M. G.; Hostetler, J.; Muzny, D.; Detter, J. C.; Ali, J.; Birren, B.; Bruce, D. C.; Buhay, C.; Cole, J. R.; Ding, Y.; Dugan, S.; Field, D.; Garrity, G. M.; Gibbs, R.; Graves, T.; Han, C. S.; Harrison, S. H.; Highlander, S.; Hugenholtz, P.; Khouri, H. M.; Kodira, C. D.; Kolker, E.; Kyrpides, N. C.; Lang, D.; Lapidus, A.; Malfatti, S. A.; Markowitz, V.; Metha, T.; Nelson, K. E.; Parkhill, J.; Pitluck, S.; Qin, X.; Read, T. D.; Schmutz, J.; Sozhamannan, S.; Strausberg, R.; Sutton, G.; Thomson, N. R.; Tiedje, J. M.; Weinstock, G.; Wollam, A.

    2009-06-01

    For over a decade, genome 43 sequences have adhered to only two standards that are relied on for purposes of sequence analysis by interested third parties (1, 2). However, ongoing developments in revolutionary sequencing technologies have resulted in a redefinition of traditional whole genome sequencing that requires a careful reevaluation of such standards. With commercially available 454 pyrosequencing (followed by Illumina, SOLiD, and now Helicos), there has been an explosion of genomes sequenced under the moniker 'draft', however these can be very poor quality genomes (due to inherent errors in the sequencing technologies, and the inability of assembly programs to fully address these errors). Further, one can only infer that such draft genomes may be of poor quality by navigating through the databases to find the number and type of reads deposited in sequence trace repositories (and not all genomes have this available), or to identify the number of contigs or genome fragments deposited to the database. The difficulty in assessing the quality of such deposited genomes has created some havoc for genome analysis pipelines and contributed to many wasted hours of (mis)interpretation. These same novel sequencing technologies have also brought an exponential leap in raw sequencing capability, and at greatly reduced prices that have further skewed the time- and cost-ratios of draft data generation versus the painstaking process of improving and finishing a genome. The resulting effect is an ever-widening gap between drafted and finished genomes that only promises to continue (Figure 1), hence there is an urgent need to distinguish good and poor datasets. The sequencing institutes in the authorship, along with the NIH's Human Microbiome Project Jumpstart Consortium (3), strongly believe that a new set of standards is required for genome sequences. The following represents a set of six community-defined categories of genome sequence standards that better

  16. Whole genome resequencing of black Angus and Holstein cattle for SNP and CNV discovery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stothard Paul

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background One of the goals of livestock genomics research is to identify the genetic differences responsible for variation in phenotypic traits, particularly those of economic importance. Characterizing the genetic variation in livestock species is an important step towards linking genes or genomic regions with phenotypes. The completion of the bovine genome sequence and recent advances in DNA sequencing technology allow for in-depth characterization of the genetic variations present in cattle. Here we describe the whole-genome resequencing of two Bos taurus bulls from distinct breeds for the purpose of identifying and annotating novel forms of genetic variation in cattle. Results The genomes of a Black Angus bull and a Holstein bull were sequenced to 22-fold and 19-fold coverage, respectively, using the ABI SOLiD system. Comparisons of the sequences with the Btau4.0 reference assembly yielded 7 million single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs, 24% of which were identified in both animals. Of the total SNPs found in Holstein, Black Angus, and in both animals, 81%, 81%, and 75% respectively are novel. In-depth annotations of the data identified more than 16 thousand distinct non-synonymous SNPs (85% novel between the two datasets. Alignments between the SNP-altered proteins and orthologues from numerous species indicate that many of the SNPs alter well-conserved amino acids. Several SNPs predicted to create or remove stop codons were also found. A comparison between the sequencing SNPs and genotyping results from the BovineHD high-density genotyping chip indicates a detection rate of 91% for homozygous SNPs and 81% for heterozygous SNPs. The false positive rate is estimated to be about 2% for both the Black Angus and Holstein SNP sets, based on follow-up genotyping of 422 and 427 SNPs, respectively. Comparisons of read depth between the two bulls along the reference assembly identified 790 putative copy-number variations (CNVs. Ten

  17. Characterization of a biogas-producing microbial community by short-read next generation DNA sequencing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wirth Roland

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Renewable energy production is currently a major issue worldwide. Biogas is a promising renewable energy carrier as the technology of its production combines the elimination of organic waste with the formation of a versatile energy carrier, methane. In consequence of the complexity of the microbial communities and metabolic pathways involved the biotechnology of the microbiological process leading to biogas production is poorly understood. Metagenomic approaches are suitable means of addressing related questions. In the present work a novel high-throughput technique was tested for its benefits in resolving the functional and taxonomical complexity of such microbial consortia. Results It was demonstrated that the extremely parallel SOLiD™ short-read DNA sequencing platform is capable of providing sufficient useful information to decipher the systematic and functional contexts within a biogas-producing community. Although this technology has not been employed to address such problems previously, the data obtained compare well with those from similar high-throughput approaches such as 454-pyrosequencing GS FLX or Titanium. The predominant microbes contributing to the decomposition of organic matter include members of the Eubacteria, class Clostridia, order Clostridiales, family Clostridiaceae. Bacteria belonging in other systematic groups contribute to the diversity of the microbial consortium. Archaea comprise a remarkably small minority in this community, given their crucial role in biogas production. Among the Archaea, the predominant order is the Methanomicrobiales and the most abundant species is Methanoculleus marisnigri. The Methanomicrobiales are hydrogenotrophic methanogens. Besides corroborating earlier findings on the significance of the contribution of the Clostridia to organic substrate decomposition, the results demonstrate the importance of the metabolism of hydrogen within the biogas producing microbial

  18. HIGH RESOLUTION SONOGRAPHIC EVALUATION OF PALPABLE THYROID LESIONS WITH HISTOPATHOLOGICAL CORRELATION- A PROSP ECTIVE STUDY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Malik

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT: Thyroid lesions are found in 3-7% of population wor ldwide. The overwhelming majority of thyroid nodules are benign in nature. Thyroid ca ncers are rare; however thyroid carcinoma is the most common malignancy involving the endocrine glan ds and is responsible for approximately 1.5% of new cancer cases annually. The clinical challeng e is to distinguish the few clinically significant malignant nodules from the many benign nodules beca use malignant thyroid lesions shows good long term prognosis after surgical excision. Aims : To Assess the sensitivity and specificity of sonographic findings in differentiation of benign a nd malignant thyroid lesion. Method: A hospital based prospective study was done on 100 patients wi th palpable thyroid nodules using high resolution ultrasonography and findings correlated with fine needle aspiration cytology. Result: Sensitivity and Specificity of sonography to differ entiate benign and malignant thyroid lesions (FNAC correlation was 70.59 % & 96.39 % respectively. Pr esence of non shadowing echogenic cholesterol crystals showed high sensitivity of 58.70 % and spe cificity of 83.33 % for benign thyroid nodules. Sensitivity and Specificity of absence of thin peri pheral halo around malignant lesions were 70.4 % & 65.8% respectively. Sensitivity and Specificity of hypoechogenicity for malignant lesions were 64.71 % and 98.80 %.Presence of fine calcification was sh owing high Sensitivity & Specificity of 64.71 % and 93.98 % respectively in malignant lesions. Pred ominant intra-nodular colour flow pattern in solid nodules was predictive of malignancy with Sensitivi ty 82.35 and Specificity 84.34 %. Higher RI value (greater than 0.77 were significantly found in mal ignant lesions with sensitivity of 78.57 % and specificity of 92.31%. Solid and predominantly soli d lesions show high Sensitivity, Specificity for being a malignant lesion 70.59 % & 55.42 respective ly but less Positive Predictive Value of24

  19. A Programme for a Systematic Experimental Study of Delayed Neutron Emission in Fission

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The programme of the Soreq-On-Line Isotope Separator (SOLIS) aimed at the study of very short-lived nuclides produced in thermal and 14 MeV neutron-induced fission is outlined. The use of appropriate chemical separation methods in conjunction with the isotopic separation facilitates the observation, at steady state conditions, of individual rapidly decaying nuclides. This system will be used for a systematic investigation of delayed neutron emission, viz. identification and characterization of precursors followed by a detailed study of nuclear structure and independent yields. At present, techniques for the rapid separation of rare gas and halogen fission products, suitable for on-line isotopic separation, are being developed. For rare gas studies, a uranium-barium stearate emanation source swept by a stream of nitrogen gas is being used. The decontamination factor with respect to halogen is ≈ 105 , and higher for other activities. Separation time of ∼2 seconds is routine. With this system (without isotopic separation), it was possible to establish delayed neutron emission from both 93Kr (T0.5 = 1.19 t 0.05 sec, Pn = 3.9%) and 93Rb (T0.5 = 5.60 ±0.05 sec, Pn = 2.6%). The half-life of 94Kr is estimated as 0.4 ± 0.1 sec. For bromine and iodine, selective recoil labelling is used (for extraction of independently produced species while the same nuclides produced by beta decay are discriminated against) followed by fast gas chromatography. Using empirical Pn-values and fission yields for 14 known precursors, good fits to experimental total delayed neutron yields of groups 1-4 were obtained for a series of fission reactions. Systematic deviations indicate unidentified precursors. The inconsistencies between expected and reported results on delayed neutron yield variations with the energy of the fission-inducing neutrons are being checked by high resolution γ-ray spectometry in conjunction with neutron counting, with the aim of determining these relations with

  20. A programme for a systematic experimental study of delayed neutron emission in fission

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The programme of the Soreq-On-Line Isotope Separator (SOLIS) aimed at the study of very short-lived nuclides produced in thermal and 14 MeV neutron-induced fission is outlined. The use of appropriate chemical separation methods in conjunction with the isotopic separation facilitates the observation, at steady state conditions, of individual rapidly decaying nuclides. This system will be used for a systematic investigation of delayed neutron emission, viz. identification and characterization of precursors followed by a detailed study of nuclear structure and independent yields. At present, techniques for the rapid separation of rare gas and halogen fission products, suitable for on-line isotopic separation, are being developed. For rare gas studies, a uranium-barium stearate emanation source swept by a stream of nitrogen gas is being used. The decontamination factor with respect to halogen is ∼105, and higher for other activities. Separation time of ∼2 seconds is routine. With this system (without isotopic separation), it was possible to establish delayed neutron emission from both 93Kr (T1/2 = 1.19 t 0.05 sec, Pn = 3.9%) and 93Rb(T1/2 = 5.60 ± 0.05 sec, Pn = 2.6%). The half-life of 94Kr is estimated as 0.4 ± 0.1 sec. For bromine and iodine, selective recoil labelling is used (for extraction of independently produced species while the same nuclides produced by beta decay are discriminated against) followed by fast gas chromatography. Using empirical Pn-values and fission yields for 14 known precursors, good fits to experimental total delayed neutron yields of groups 1-4 were obtained for a series of fission reactions. Systematic deviations indicate unidentified precursors. The inconsistencies between expected and reported results on delayed neutron yield variations with the energy of the fission-inducing neutrons are being checked by high resolution γ-ray spectrometry in conjunction with neutron counting, with the aim of determining these relations with