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Sample records for anima nobile study

  1. Mast cells behavior analysis: non mineralized wall of suprabony periodontal pockets submitted to low intensity laser radiation. (An in anima nobile study); Verificacao do comportamento de mastocitos na parede nao mineralizada da bolsa periodontal supra-ossea submetida a radiacao laser de baixa intensidade. (Estudo in anima nobile)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Silveira, Livio de Barros

    2001-07-01

    For this study 20 patients with periodontal disease were selected. The treatment required for all of then was the gingivectomy, a ressective periodontal surgery. This technique consists of removing the whole excess of gingival tissue with the intent of reestablishing the anatomy and the correct function. The gingival area was submitted to 2 different wavelengths and then histologically analysed to search for alterations, mainly concerning mast cells behavior, a blood cell responsible, among other things, for blood vases enlargement. During the surgical procedure each gingival area was submitted to infrared low intensity laser ({lambda} = 785 nm) or to red laser ({lambda} = 688 nm), both with 50 mW of power and fluence of 8 J/cm{sup 2}. A third area was analysed, the control area, in which no laser treatment was employed. The samples were fixated in formol, cut and stained by hematoxyline eosine and toluidine blue. Based on the result we can conclude: the 2 wavelengths used in this study led to the reduction in the number of mast cells present in the tissue as well as to the increase on the degranulation of the remaining mast cells, considered statistically significant taken the degranulation index and; there was no significant difference caused by the action of the two laser wavelengths {lambda}=785 nm and {lambda}=688 nm -50 mW of power and fluence of 8 J/cm{sup 2}-, over the degranulation of the mast cells; the length and width of the randomly chosen blood vases were not statistically different among the analysed groups. (author)

  2. Gingival healing after gingivectomy procedure and low intensity laser irradiation. A clinical and biometrical study in anima nobile; Reparacao gengival apos a tecnica de gengivectomia e aplicacao de laser em baixa intensidade. Avaliacao clinica e biometrica em humanos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Amorim, Jose Claudio Faria

    2001-07-01

    For the present study seven patients presenting periodontal disease were selected in a way that they required the performance of gingivectomy procedure in the region of premolars in both sides, being this in the upper or lower region. After the surgical procedure one side was submitted to low intensity laser radiation, wavelength 685 nm, power 50 mW and fluency of 4J/cm{sup 2}, contact mode. The other side was used as a control, not receiving any laser irradiation. Healing process for both sides, was clinically and biometrically evaluated and compared using photographs for the periods: pre-operative, immediate post-operative, 3, 7,14,21, 28 and 35 days. The analysis was performed by 3 specialists in Periodontology considering aspects of healing. Results were submitted to statistical analysis. Biometrical evaluation showed improvement of healing for the period of 21 and 28 days in the lased group. Clinical evaluation showed better reparation mainly after the third day for the active group. Laser group was considered to present an improved healing when compared to the control group. (author)

  3. Comparative analysis of bacterial decrease by Er:YAG laser radiation and by a tip mounted on a high-rotation device after remove of carious tissue in dentine: study 'in anima mobile'; Analise comparativa da reducao bacteriana com irradiacao do laser Er:YAG ou ponta montada em alta rotacao apos remocao de tecido cariado em dentina: estudo in anima nobile

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Blay, Claudia Campos

    2002-07-01

    The purpose of this study was to analyze bacterial decrease after removal of carious tissue in dentine by Er:YAG laser, comparing the results with those achieved by using a tip mounted on a high-rotation device. In view of the difficulty of totally eliminating microorganisms from dentine, even after removing all the carious tissue, and since the presence of a smear layer is a proven fact, it would be extremely convenient to eliminate or to achieve better disinfecting of this notoriously contaminated dentine layer, so as to prevent failure of the restoration process in most cases. For this study, we selected 30 pre-molars and molars with caries rated as medium sized and which required restoration treatment. The teeth were divided in two groups, where 15 teeth received conventional treatment (control group - I) and 15 teeth were treated with Er:YAG laser (Kavo Key Laser) (laser group - II). Microbiologic analysis was used in order to determine presence or absence of bacteria. In group I as well as in group II a previous curettage of part of the dentine caries was performed, and the sample was seeded in an Agar culture medium and incubated at 37 deg C for 72 hours, for a quantitative analysis of bacteria colony forming units (c.f.u.) and qualitative bacterial analysis. After this procedure, carious lesions were removed in group I, using a spherical diamond drill mounted on a high rotation tip, followed by cleaning of the cavity with chlorhexidine digluconate at 2%. In group II, an Er:YAG laser emitting a wave length of 2,94 {mu}m, delivering a 250 mJ energy per pulse at a repetition rate of 2 Hz was used for carious tissue removal. Furthermore in group II (laser), the cavity was conditioned by performing a sweeping at all walls of the preparation with the 50/10 fiber (Kavo), in contact mode, using an energy of 60 mJ per pulse at a frequency of 10 Hz. After removing all caries and performing a cleaning operation in both groups, dentine shavings were collected and

  4. Tandem Mass Spectrometry for Structural Identification of Sesquiterpene alkaloids from the stems of dendrobium nobile using LC-QToF3

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dendrobium nobile is one of the fundamental herbs in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). Sesquiterpene alkaloids are the main active components in this plant. Due to weak ultraviolet absorption and low content in D. nobile, these sesquiterpene alkaloids have not been extensively studied using chroma...

  5. Tandem Mass Spectrometry for Structural Identification of Sesquiterpene Alkaloids from the Stems of Dendrobium nobile Using LC-QToF.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Yan-Hong; Avula, Bharathi; Abe, Naohito; Wei, Feng; Wang, Mei; Ma, Shuang-Cheng; Ali, Zulfiqar; Elsohly, Mahmoud A; Khan, Ikhlas A

    2016-05-01

    Dendrobium nobile is one of the fundamental herbs in traditional Chinese medicine. Sesquiterpene alkaloids are the main active components in this plant. Due to weak ultraviolet absorption and low content in D. nobile, these sesquiterpene alkaloids have not been extensively studied using chromatographic methods. Herein, tandem mass spectrometry combined with liquid chromatography separation provides a tool for the identification and characterization of the alkaloids from D. nobile. A total of nine sesquiterpene alkaloids were characterized by ultrahigh-performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry. These alkaloids can be classified into two subgroups that are represented by dendrobine and nobilonine. Tandem mass spectrometric studies revealed the fragmentation pathways of these two subgroup alkaloids that were used for the identification and characterization of other alkaloids in D. nobile. Characterization of these alkaloids using accurate mass and diagnostic fragments provided a reliable methodology for the analysis of D. nobile by ultrahigh-performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry. The limit of detection was defined as the signal-to-noise ratio equal to 3 : 1. Limits of detection of dendrobine and nobilonine were less than 30 ng/mL. The developed method was applied for the analysis of various Dendrobium species and related dietary supplements. Alkaloids were identified from D. nobile, but not detected from commercial samples including 13 other Dendrobium species and the 7 dietary supplements.

  6. Daddy : Animaation Storyboard ja Animatic

    OpenAIRE

    Mustajärvi, Lilli

    2012-01-01

    Opinnäytetyöni on animaation storyboard sekä sen mukainen animatic-versio, hahmojen karaktäärinen ja visuaalinen suunnittelu sekä interion suunnittelu ja toteutus. Hahmot on toteutettu piirroksina ja taustat 3D:nä. Kuvakerronta on rakennettu vaiheittain luonnoksesta viimeistellen lopulliseen muotoonsa. My graduation work is an animatic based on my storyboard. Creating characters and designing interior for the animation. Characters has been drawn traditional way and background has been crea...

  7. 77 FR 56698 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Opera Nobile...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-13

    ... for Exhibition Determinations: ``Opera Nobile: Masterpieces From Ancient Italy'' SUMMARY: Notice is... objects to be included in the exhibition ``Opera Nobile: Masterpieces from Ancient Italy,'' imported...

  8. Complete Chloroplast Genome Sequence of Dendrobium nobile from Northeastern India

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parameswaran, Sriram; Sundar, Durai

    2016-01-01

    The orchid species Dendrobium nobile belonging to the family Orchidaceae and genus Dendrobium (a vast genus that encompasses nearly 1,200 species) has an herbal medicinal history of about 2000 years in east and south Asian countries. Here, we report the complete chloroplast genome sequence of D. nobile from northeastern India for the first time.

  9. Antibacterial, anti-swarming and anti-biofilm formation activities of Chamaemelum nobile against Pseudomonas aeruginosa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hossein Kazemian

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available AbstractINTRODUCTION:Chamomile ( Chamaemelum nobile is widely used throughout the world, and has anti-inflammatory, deodorant, bacteriostatic, antimicrobial, carminative, sedative, antiseptic, anti-catarrhal, and spasmolytic properties. Because of the increasing incidence of drug-resistant bacteria, the development of natural antibacterial sources such as medical herbs for the treatment of infectious diseases is necessary. Extracts from different plant parts such as the leaves, flowers, fruit, and bark of Combretum albiflorum, Laurus nobilis , and Sonchus oleraceus were found to possess anti-quorum sensing (QS activities. In this study, we evaluated the effect of C. nobile against Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilm formationMETHODS:The P. aeruginosa samples were isolated from patients with different types of infection, including wound infection, septicemia, and urinary tract infection. The flowers of C. nobile were dried and the extract was removed using a rotary device and then dissolved in dimethyl sulfoxide at pH 7.4. The microdilution method was used to evaluate the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC of this extract on P. aeruginosa , and biofilm inhibition was assayed.RESULTS:Eighty percent of the isolated samples (16/20 could form a biofilm, and most of these were isolated from wound infections. The biofilm inhibitory concentration of the C. nobile extract was 6.25-25mg/ml, whereas the MIC was 12.5-50mg/ml.CONCLUSIONS:The anti-QS property of C. nobile may play an important role in its antibacterial activity, thus offering an additional strategy in the fight against bacterial infections. However, molecular investigation is required to explore the exact mechanisms of the antibacterial action and functions of this phytocompound.

  10. AnimaCampuse lipukiri soovitab: "Kehtesta oma reeglid" / Liina Luhats

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Luhats, Liina

    2011-01-01

    15.-19. nov.-ni Tallinnas paralleelselt animafilmide festivaliga toimuvat AnimaCampust tutvustab programmijuht Heilika Pikkov. AnimaCampuse avalike loengute kava. 19. nov.-l toimuvast koomiksipäevast

  11. Preliminary genetic linkage maps of Chinese herb Dendrobium nobile and D. moniliforme

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Shangguo Feng; Hongyan Zhao; Jiangjie Lu; Junjun Liu; Bo Shen; Huizhong Wang

    2013-08-01

    Dendrobium is an endangered genus in the orchid family with medicinal and horticultural value. Two preliminary genetic linkage maps were constructed using 90 F1 progeny individuals derived from an interspecific cross between D. nobile and D. moniliforme (both, $2n = 38$), using random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) and intersimple sequence repeat (ISSR). A total of 286 RAPD loci and 68 ISSR loci were identified and used for genetic linkage analysis. Maps were constructed by double pseudo-testcross mapping strategy using the software Mapmaker/EXP ver. 3.0, and Kosambi map distances were constructed using a LOD score ≥4 and a recombination threshold of 0.4. The resulting frame map of D. nobile was 1474 cM in total length with 116 loci distributed in 15 linkage groups; and the D. moniliforme linkage map had 117 loci placed in 16 linkage groups spanning 1326.5 cM. Both maps showed 76.91% and 73.59% genome coverage for D. nobile and D. moniliforme, respectively. These primary maps provide an important basis for genetic studies and further medicinal and horticultural traits mapping and marker-assisted selection in Dendrobium breeding programmes.

  12. Nordover med filmkamera - fra Wellman til Nobile

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jan Anders Diesen

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available The Heroic Era in Polar Exploration is filled with fascinating stories about interesting men, and the Race for the Poles is richly described in hundreds of books. The Heroic Era in Polar Exploration coincided with the conception of film technology and rise of commercial cinema, and many polar explorers saw potential in utilising this new technology as a research tool. As a result there exists a range of films from the Polar Explorations, but since their making and initial screenings they have received little attention. The story of these films is also an interesting one, although it has not yet been written. A few years after the production of the first film cameras, the explorer Carsten Borchgrevink brought one along on his British Antarctic Expedition in 1898. His main sponsor, a newspaper publisher, wanted to make news films, but the cinematograph, the film reel and the filming skills were not sufficiently developed to capture living images from the polar region. Our record of this first attempt at making a polar film is limited to one scene from when the expedition is leaving London.The first explorer to succeed in filming in the Arctic was Anthony Fiala in 1902, and since his breakthrough the cinematograph became standard scientific equipment on all polar expeditions. The Mechanical Era in Polar Exploration came with the aeroplanes, the airships and the telegraph. Roald Amundsen played a major role here; he claimed his idea about using aeroplanes was as important to the polar exploration as Nansen´s use of skies and dogsledges in the heroic era. This article tells the story about explorers with film camera trying to reach the North Pole from Spitzbergen. Wellman, Amundsen, Byrd and Nobile are the main characters. The story of their fantastic expeditions is told by others; this is the story about their films, and how the films from the Arctic developed from just documenting landscape and animal life until they became proper documentary

  13. Radulphus Brito's Commentary on Aristotle's De anima

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Boer, Sander W.

    2012-01-01

    In 1974, Winfried Fauser published his edition of Radulphus Brito's commentary on the third book of Aristotle's De anima. This contribution continues his project by providing an edition of Brito's commentary on the first book and the first third of the second book. An analysis of this part of the co

  14. Nobility, Competence, and Disruption: Challenges to Teacher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fenstermacher, Gary D.

    2015-01-01

    This article was comprises the keynote address presented by Gary D. Fenstermacher, at the Conference of the California Council on Teacher Education (CCTE), March 19, 2015, in San Jose, California. The subject covered Nobility, Competence, and Disruption and what they mean in teacher education. Fenstermacher presents his subject in four assertions:…

  15. Effect of silicon on the quality of flowers of Dendrobium nobile (OrchidaceaeEfeito do silício na qualidade de flores de Dendrobium nobile (Orchidaceae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patricia Reiners Carvalho

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available The orchid Dendrobium nobile Lindl is widely cultivated throughout the world as cut and potted flowers. Silicon (Si has demonstrated beneficial effects on various crops, increasing cell stiffness, giving protection to pathogens, increasing photosynthetic capacity and drought tolerance, promoting higher growth and longevity. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of different concentrations of silicon on Dendrobium nobile orchid flowers. Treatments were performed with magnesium silicate (SiMg at the following concentrations: 0.0, 0.16; 0.32; 0.48 and 0.64 g L-1. The foliar applications were carried out fortnightly totaling four applications two months before flowering. The variables evaluated were: longevity of flowers, number of flowers per pot and number of shoots per plant. The experimental design was completely randomized with five treatments and ten replications. The foliar applications of SiMg increased 59% flower production and shoots up to 66%, being more efficient with the increasing of concentrations. The increasing of longevity of the flowers in the dose 0.45 g L-1 was up to four days. A orquídea Dendrobium nobile Lindl é amplamente cultivada pelo mundo como flor de corte e em vasos. O silício (Si tem demonstrado efeito benéfico em diversas culturas, como por exemplo: aumentando a rigidez celular, conferindo proteção à fitopatógenos, aumento da capacidade fotossintética, tolerância à seca, promoção de maior crescimento e conservação pós-colheita. O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar o efeito do silício em diferentes concentrações na qualidade de flores da orquídea Dendrobium nobile. Os tratamentos foram realizados com silicato de magnésio (SiMg nas seguintes concentrações: 0,0; 0,16; 0,32; 0,48 e 0,64g L-1. As aplicações foram realizadas quinzenalmente via foliar, totalizando quatro aplicações dois meses antes do florescimento. As variáveis avaliadas foram: longevidade das flores, número de

  16. Water quality and aquatic toxicity data of 2002 spring thaw conditions in the upper Animas River watershed, Silverton, Colorado

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fey, D.L.; Wirt, L.; Besser, J.M.; Wright, W.G.

    2002-01-01

    This report presents hydrologic, water-quality, and biologic toxicity data collected during the annual spring thaw of 2002 in the upper Animas River watershed near Silverton, Colorado. The spring-thaw runoff is a concern because elevated concentrations of iron oxyhydroxides can contain sorbed trace metals that are potentially toxic to aquatic life. Water chemistry of streams draining the San Juan Mountains is affected by natural acid drainage and weathering of hydrothermal altered volcanic rocks and by more than a century of mining activities. The timing of the spring-thaw sampling effort was determined by reviewing historical climate and stream-flow hydrographs and current weather conditions. Twenty-one water-quality samples were collected between 11:00 AM March 27, 2002 and 6:00 PM March 30, 2002 to characterize water chemistry at the A-72 gage on the upper Animas River below Silverton. Analyses of unfiltered water at the A-72 gage showed a relation between turbidity and total-recoverable iron concentrations, and showed diurnal patterns. Copper and lead concentrations were related to iron concentrations, indicating that these elements are probably sorbed to colloidal iron material. Calcium, strontium, and sulfate concentrations showed overall decreasing trends due to dilution, but the loads of those constituents increased over the sampling period. Nine water-quality samples were collected near the confluence of Mineral Creek with the Animas River, the confluence of Cement Creek with the Animas River, and on the upper Animas River above the confluence with Cement Creek (three samples at each site). A total of six bulk water-toxicity samples were collected before, during, and after the spring thaw from the Animas River at the A-72 gage site. Toxicity tests conducted with the bulk water samples on amphipods did not show strong differences in toxicity among the three sampling periods; however, toxicity of river water to fathead minnows showed a decreasing trend

  17. Clergy, nobility and crown in Decadência

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yi Liu

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available In the current work I intend to inquire into the internal motives that led the Portuguese seaborne empire to decadence. After making a brief review of the historiography about the decline of Estado da Índia, I proceed to the analysis of the Crown-Church-Nobility triangle in the course of os Descobrimentos, and of their respective roles in the evolution of Portuguese empire. The absolutization of the crown, the over-expansion of the clergy and the empowerment of the aristocracy became the most conspicuous and longstanding features in the Portuguese social fabric after the country launched herself into maritime undertakings, which crippled her agriculture and retarded the industrialization. As a consequence, the rise of bourgeoisie and the transformation of mercantilist economy into the capitalist were obstructed, and a strong adventurous but non-productive spirit mixed with disdain of manual work prevailed both in metropolis and in overseas territories. In conclusion, the Portuguese decadence commenced from within rather than from without, and far prior to Dutch intrusions in Portuguese Asia, which only accelerated the decline.

  18. NOBILITY DEPUTY ASSEMBLY IN THE NORTHERN CAUCASUS IN 1905 – 1917 YY.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chikaeva K. S.

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Based on the archival sources, the article reviews the activities of the Nobility Deputy Assembly in the Northern Caucasus in 1905 – 1917. The author examines the role of noble organizations in solving the class issues in Russia in the early XXth century. She notes a marked increase in the activity of the Stavropol noble Assembly caused by the events of the revolution of 1905 – 1907 yy. In this case the author draws attention to the fact that during this period, autocracy strictly limited the power of the nobility Assembly, and in addition noble organization was strictly forbidden to discuss political issues. It is noted that local nobles were quite passive in social and political activity and they were not involved in the work created at the time of the joint noble societies, although some regional representatives of the nobility (in particular K. I. Bielecki participated in the activities of the First nobility Congress in 1906 y. Charitable activity of the Noble Assembly during the First World War was also investigated in the he article. The noble mutual benefit was created to assist the families of killed and wounded warriors and for maintenance of hospitals. In addition, the Noble Assembly provided the upper floor of noble house for the hospital, and the lower one for the Ladies' Committee. The article shows that despite all the difficulties there was a gradual clearance of the political position of the nobility of the Northern Caucasus at the beginning of the XXth century. The author draws attention to the fact that noble organization has proposed various measures aimed at strengthening economic and political influence of this class. She comes to the conclusion that the role of the nobility in the social structure of Russian society of that time is undergoing a significant transformation, and the importance of the nobility in the system of socio-economic relations and the management system of the Russian Empire was significantly reduced

  19. Anima and Animus of the Hero and Heroine in Snowdrops

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    游伟

    2013-01-01

    According to Carl Jung, a male may possess feminine psychological qualities and a female may possess masculine psy-chological qualities. From this perspective, this paper tries to use Carl Jung’s theory of anima and animus to analyze the character-ization of the hero and heroine in snowdrops.

  20. ANIMA: A data-sharing initiative for neuroimaging meta-analyses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reid, Andrew T; Bzdok, Danilo; Genon, Sarah; Langner, Robert; Müller, Veronika I; Eickhoff, Claudia R; Hoffstaedter, Felix; Cieslik, Edna-Clarisse; Fox, Peter T; Laird, Angela R; Amunts, Katrin; Caspers, Svenja; Eickhoff, Simon B

    2016-01-01

    Meta-analytic techniques allow cognitive neuroscientists to pool large amounts of data across many individual task-based functional neuroimaging experiments. These methods have been aided by the introduction of online databases such as Brainmap.org or Neurosynth.org, which collate peak activation coordinates obtained from thousands of published studies. Findings from meta-analytic studies typically include brain regions which are consistently activated across studies for specific contrasts, investigating cognitive or clinical hypotheses. These regions can be subsequently used as the basis for seed-based connectivity analysis, or formally compared to neuroimaging data in order to help interpret new findings. To facilitate such approaches, we have developed a new online repository of meta-analytic neuroimaging results, named the Archive of Neuroimaging Meta-analyses (ANIMA). The ANIMA platform consists of an intuitive online interface for querying, downloading, and contributing data from published meta-analytic studies. Additionally, to aid the process of organizing, visualizing, and working with these data, we present an open-source desktop application called Volume Viewer. Volume Viewer allows users to easily arrange imaging data into composite stacks, and save these sessions as individual files, which can also be uploaded to the ANIMA database. The application also allows users to perform basic functions, such as computing conjunctions between images, or extracting regions-of-interest or peak coordinates for further analysis. The introduction of this new resource will enhance the ability of researchers to both share their findings and incorporate existing meta-analytic results into their own research.

  1. Interaction between a dark septate endophytic isolate from Dendrobium sp. and roots of D. nobile seedlings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hou, Xiao-Qiang; Guo, Shun-Xing

    2009-04-01

    Interactions between an isolate of dark septate endophytes (DSE) and roots of Dendrobium nobile Lindl. seedlings are reported in this paper. The isolate was obtained from orchid mycorrhizas on Dendrobium sp. in subtropical forest. The fungus formed typical orchid mycorrhiza in aseptic co-culture with D. nobile seedlings on modified Murashige-Skoog (MMS) medium. Anatomic observations of the infected roots showed that the DSE hyphae invaded the velamen layer, passed through passage cells in exodermis, entered the cortex cells, and then formed fungal pelotons of orchid mycorrhiza. D. nobile seedlings' plant height, stem diameter, new roots number and biomass were greatly enhanced by inoculating the fungus to seedlings. The fungus was identified as Leptodontidium by sequencing the polymerase chain reaction-amplified rDNA ITS1-5.8S-ITS2 (internal transcribed spacer (ITS)) regions and comparison with similar taxa.

  2. Absolutely nondestructive discrimination of Huoshan Dendrobium nobile species with miniature near-infrared (NIR) spectrometer engine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Tian; Yang, Hai-Long; Tang, Qing; Zhang, Hui; Nie, Lei; Li, Lian; Wang, Jin-Feng; Liu, Dong-Ming; Jiang, Wei; Wang, Fei; Zang, Heng-Chang

    2014-10-01

    As one very precious traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), Huoshan Dendrobium has not only high price, but also significant pharmaceutical efficacy. However, different species of Huoshan Dendrobium exhibit considerable difference in pharmaceutical efficacy, so rapid and absolutely non-destructive discrimination of Huoshan Dendrobium nobile according to different species is crucial to quality control and pharmaceutical effect. In this study, as one type of miniature near-infrared (NIR) spectrometer, MicroNIR 1700 was used for absolutely nondestructive determination of NIR spectra of 90 batches of Dendrobium from five species of differ- ent commodity grades. The samples were intact and not smashed. Soft independent modeling of class analogy (SIMCA) pattern recognition based on principal component analysis (PCA) was used to classify and recognize different species of Dendrobium samples. The results indicated that the SIMCA qualitative models established with pretreatment method of standard normal variate transformation (SNV) in the spectra range selected by Qs method had 100% recognition rates and 100% rejection rates. This study demonstrated that a rapid and absolutely non-destructive analytical technique based on MicroNIR 1700 spectrometer was developed for successful discrimination of five different species of Huoshan Dendrobium with acceptable accuracy.

  3. Clergy, nobility and crown in Decadência

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yi Liu

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available In the current work I intend to inquire into the internal motives that led the Portuguese seaborne empire to decadence. After making a brief review of the historiography about the decline of Estado da Índia, I proceed to the analysis of the Crown-Church-Nobility triangle in the course of os Descobrimentos, and of their respective roles in the evolution of Portuguese empire. The absolutization of the crown, the over-expansion of the clergy and the empowerment of the aristocracy became the most conspicuous and longstanding features in the Portuguese social fabric after the country launched herself into maritime undertakings, which crippled her agriculture and retarded the industrialization. As a consequence, the rise of bourgeoisie and the transformation of mercantilist economy into the capitalist were obstructed, and a strong adventurous but non-productive spirit mixed with disdain of manual work prevailed both in metropolis and in overseas territories. In conclusion, the Portuguese decadence commenced from within rather than from without, and far prior to Dutch intrusions in Portuguese Asia, which only accelerated the decline.No presente trabalho tenciono indagar as causas internas que dirigiram o império marítimo português à decadência. Depois de uma revisitação da historiografia relativa ao declínio do Estado da Índia, procedo a uma análise do triângulo de Monarca-Igreja-Nobreza durante os Descobrimentos e dos seus papéis respectivos no evoluir do Império português. É verificável que a absolutização da Coroa, a sobre-expansão do clero e a potenciação da aristocracia tornaram-se as características mais salientes e duradouras na estrutura social portuguesa depois de o país se lançar nas façanhas marítimas, do que resultou a agricultura prejudicada e indústria atrasada. A predominância dessas três instituições, por um lado, impediu a ascensão da burguesia, assim dificultando a transformação da economia

  4. Effects of ambient metals concentrations on the benthic macroinvertebrate community in the Animas River, Colorado

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Covington, S.M.; Parkhurst, B.R. [Cadmus Group Inc., Laramie, WY (United States); Perino, L. [Sunnyside Gold Corp., Silverton, CO (United States)

    1995-12-31

    The Upper Animas River is located in southern Colorado at approximately 9500 feet above mean sea level near the town of Silverton in San Juan County. It drains several first and second order creeks and gulches, many of which are subject to water quality impacts from natural sources of metals and acid mine drainage and mine tailings from historical mining activity. When the State of Colorado proposed new designated uses with more stringent metal standards for the Upper Animas River, Sunnyside Gold Corp was concerned that these new proposed designated uses and their associated standards were unattainable primarily because of existing poor ambient water quality. Studies were designed to address this and other issues. This presentation focuses on ambient metal concentrations and their effect on macroinvertebrate density and composition. Aluminum, cadmium, copper, iron, manganese, and zinc were measured in the water column and in the precipitate on the gravel-cobble substrates at each location. Macroinvertebrate samples were also collected at these locations. The trends in benthic macroinvertebrate community composition in relationship to metal concentration and distribution will be discussed.

  5. Genetic stability and phytochemical analysis of the in vitro regenerated plants of Dendrobium nobile Lindl., an endangered medicinal orchid.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhattacharyya, Paromik; Kumaria, Suman; Diengdoh, Reemavareen; Tandon, Pramod

    2014-12-01

    An efficient genetically stable regeneration protocol with increased phytochemical production has been established for Dendrobium nobile, a highly prized orchid for its economic and medicinal importance. Protocorm like bodies (PLBs) were induced from the pseudostem segments using thidiazuron (TDZ; 1.5 mg/l), by-passing the conventional auxin-cytokinin complement approach for plant regeneration. Although, PLB induction was observed at higher concentrations of TDZ, plantlet regeneration from those PLBs was affected adversely. The best rooting (5.41 roots/shoot) was achieved in MS medium with 1.5 mg/l TDZ and 0.25% activated charcoal. Plantlets were successfully transferred to a greenhouse with a survival rate of 84.3%, exhibiting normal development. Genetic stability of the regenerated plants was investigated using randomly amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) and start codon targeted (SCoT) polymorphism markers which detected 97% of genetic fidelity among the regenerants. The PIC values of RAPD and SCoT primers were recorded to be 0.92 and 0.76 and their Rp values ranged between 3.66 and 10, and 4 and 12 respectively. The amplification products of the regenerated plants showed similar banding patterns to that of the mother plant thus demonstrating the homogeneity of the micropropagated plants. A comparative phytochemical analysis among the mother and the micropropagated plants showed a higher yield of secondary metabolites. The regeneration protocol developed in this study provides a basis for ex-situ germplasm conservation and also harnesses the various secondary metabolite compounds of medicinal importance present in D. nobile.

  6. O inferno em animação

    OpenAIRE

    Corso, Gizelle Kaminski; Instituto Federal de Santa Catarina (IFSC)

    2013-01-01

    Neste trabalho, apresento uma análise da animação cinematográfica Dante’s Inferno [O Inferno de Dante] baseada no jogo homônimo para videogame, desenvolvido e lançado pelas empresas Visceral Games e Electronic Arts, em 2010, e inspirados na Divina Commedia, do poeta italiano Dante Alighieri (1265-1321). Para efetuar essa análise, tendo em vista um “novo” emblema de leitores – ou seja, leitores destas e de tantas outras linguagens –, recorro à noção de “leitores, espectadores e internautas”, a...

  7. Um sistema grafico para modelagem de animações em Labanotation

    OpenAIRE

    Beatrice Hotz Guimarães

    2002-01-01

    Resumo: Esta tese apresenta o CVL: Sistema Gráfico de criação de Coreografias Virtuais a partir da Labanotation: Relata sua origem e seu processo Descreve o Método Laban e a Labanotation, que são a entrada de dados para este sistema. Apresenta o contexto das produções de animação realizadas através do método tradicional de animação e a realizada pelo computador. Descreve as ferramentas computacionais utilizadas para a realização de animações de personagens 3D. Descreve o sistema CVL. - Apr...

  8. Hydrostratigraphic Framework of the Raton, Vermejo, and Trinidad Aquifers in the Raton Basin, Las Animas County, Colorado

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watts, Kenneth R.

    2006-01-01

    Exploration for and production of coalbed methane has increased substantially in the Rocky Mountain region of the United States since the 1990s. During 1999-2004, annual production of natural gas (coalbed methane) from the Raton Basin in Las Animas County, Colorado, increased from 28,129,515 to 80,224,130 thousand cubic feet, and the annual volume of ground water coproduced by coalbed methane wells increased from about 949 million gallons to about 2,879 million gallons. Better definition of the hydrostratigraphic framework of the Raton, Vermejo, and Trinidad aquifers in the Raton Basin of southern Colorado is needed to evaluate the long-term effects of coalbed methane development on the availability and sustainability of ground-water resources. In 2001, the U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the Colorado Water Conservation Board, began a study to evaluate the hydrogeology of the Raton Basin in Huerfano and Las Animas Counties, Colorado. Geostatistical methods were used to map the altitude of and depths to the bottoms and tops (structure) and the apparent thicknesses of the Trinidad Sandstone, the Vermejo Formation, and the Raton Formation in Las Animas County, based on completion reports and drillers' logs from about 1,400 coalbed methane wells in the Raton Basin. There was not enough subsurface control to map the structural surfaces and apparent thicknesses of the aquifers in Huerfano County. Geostatistical methods also were used to map the regional water table in the northern part of Las Animas County, based on reported depth to water from completion reports of water-supply wells. Although these maps were developed to better define the hydrostratigraphic framework, they also can be used to determine the contributing aquifer(s) of existing water wells and to estimate drilling depths of proposed water wells. These maps of the hydrostratigraphic framework could be improved with the addition of measured sections and mapping of geologic contacts at outcrops

  9. Germinação assimbiótica e desenvolvimento de Dendrobium nobile Lindl. sob efeito de reguladores vegetais no tratamento pré-germinativo Asymbiotic germination and development of Dendrobium nobile Lindl. under the effect of plant growth regulators in pre-germinative treatment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J.S. Soares

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho teve como objetivo estudar a influência dos reguladores vegetais BAP e GA3 como tratamentos pré-germinativos no processo de germinação e desenvolvimento inicial de plântulas de Dendrobium nobile, espécie importante pelas propriedades farmacológicas como anti-oxidante, vasodilatadora e até mesmo anti-cancerígena, além do valor ornamental. Os tratamentos pré-germinativos consistiram de BAP e GA3, separadamente, nas concentrações de 0,0; 1,0; 2,0 e 5,0 mg L-1. Após seis meses da semeadura in vitro e manutenção em câmara de germinação e de crescimento com temperatura e foto-período controlados (12 horas e 23ºC ± 2, foram avaliados os parâmetros número de sementes germinadas, porcentagem de germinação, massa fresca e altura das plântulas, diâmetro e número de pseudobulbos, número de folhas, número de raízes, e o comprimento da maior raiz. O delineamento experimental foi inteiramente casualizado. Todas as variáveis foram submetidas à análise de variância e de regressão, quando significativas. As sementes de D. nobile germinaram melhor na ausência de reguladores vegetais e os tratamentos com BAP ou GA3 na embebição das sementes pouco beneficiaram o desenvolvimento in vitro de D. nobile.The present study aimed to investigate the influence of plant growth regulators BAP and GA3 as pre-germinative treatment in the process of germination and initial development of seedlings of Dendrobium nobile, a species important for its pharmacological properties like antioxidant, vasodilator and even anticancer, besides its ornamental value. Pre-germinative treatments consisted of BAP and GA3, separately, at the concentrations of 0.0; 1.0; 2.0 and 5.0 mg L-1. At six months after in vitro sowing and maintenance in a germination and growth chamber with controlled temperature and photoperiod (12 hours and 23ºC ± 2, the following parameters were evaluated: number of germinated seeds, percentage of germination

  10. Interaction between a Dark Septate Endophytic Isolate from Dendrobium sp.and Roots of D.nobile Seedlings

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xiao-Qiang Hou; Shun-Xing Guo

    2009-01-01

    Interactions between an isolate of dark septate endophytas (DSE) and roots of Dendroblum nobile Lindl.seedlings are reported in this paper.The isolate was obtained from orchid mycorrhizas on Dendrobium sp.in subtropical forest.The fungus formed typical orchid mycorrhiza in aseptic co-culture with D.nobile seedlings on modified Murashige-Skoog (MMS)medium.Anatomic observations of the infected roots showed that the DSE hyphae invaded the velamen layer,passed through passage cells in exodermis,entered the cortex cells,and then formed fungal pelotons of orchid mycorrhiza.D.nobile seedlings' plant height,stem diameter,new roots number and biomass were greatly enhanced by inoculating the fungus to seedlings.The fungus was identified as Leptodontidium by sequencing the polymerase chain reaction-amplified rDNA ITSt-5.8S-ITS2 (internal transcribed spacer (ITS)) regions and comparison with similar taxa.

  11. Descriptions of the Animas River-Cement Creek confluence and mixing zone near Silverton, Colorado, during the late summers of 1996 and 1997

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schemel, Laurence E.; Cox, Marisa H.

    2005-01-01

    Acidic waters from Cement Creek discharge into the circum-neutral Animas River in a high-elevation region of the San Juan Mountains near Silverton, Colorado. Cement Creek is acidic and enriched in metals and sulfate because it is fed by discharges from abandoned mines and natural mineral deposits. Mixing with the Animas River raises the pH and produces precipitates of iron and aluminum (oxy)hydroxides, which in turn can adsorb other metals. This confluence was studied in 1996 and 1997 to better understand mixing and sorption processes which are common during the neutralization of acidic streams. The photographs in this report show flow braiding and other features that influenced the way the two streams mixed during the late summers of the two years. They also show 'banding' due to incomplete mixing and 'opalescence' due to chemical reactions and the formation of colloidal-size particles in the mixing zone.

  12. Ferricrete, manganocrete, and bog iron occurrences with selected sedge bogs and active iron bogs and springs in the upper Animas River watershed, San Juan County, Colorado

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yager, Douglas B.; Church, Stanley E.; Verplanck, Philip L.; Wirt, Laurie

    2003-01-01

    During 1996 to 2000, the Bureau of Land Management, National Park Service, Environmental Protection Agency, United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Forest Service, and the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) developed a coordinated strategy to (1) study the environmental effects of historical mining on Federal lands, and (2) remediate contaminated sites that have the greatest impact on water quality and ecosystem health. This dataset provides information that contributes to these overall objectives and is part of the USGS Abandoned Mine Lands Initiative. Data presented here represent ferricrete occurrences and selected iron bogs and springs in the upper Animas River watershed in San Juan County near Silverton, Colorado. Ferricretes (stratified iron and manganese oxyhydroxide-cemented sedimentary deposits) are one indicator of the geochemical baseline conditions as well as the effect that weathering of mineralized rocks had on water quality in the Animas River watershed prior to mining. Logs and wood fragments preserved in several ferricretes in the upper Animas River watershed, collected primarily along streams, yield radiocarbon ages of modern to 9,580 years B.P. (P.L. Verplanck, D.B. Yager, and S.E. Church, work in progress). The presence of ferricrete deposits along the current stream courses indicates that climate and physiography of the Animas River watershed have been relatively constant throughout the Holocene and that weathering processes have been ongoing for thousands of years prior to historical mining activities. Thus, by knowing where ferricrete is preserved in the watershed today, land-management agencies have an indication of (1) where metal precipitation from weathering of altered rocks has occurred in the past, and (2) where this process is ongoing and may confound remediation efforts. These data are included as two coverages-a ferricrete coverage and a bogs and springs coverage. The coverages are included in ArcInfo shapefile and Arc

  13. Quantification and Simulation of Metal Loading to the Upper Animas River, Eureka to Silverton, San Juan County, Colorado, September 1997 and August 1998

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paschke, Suzanne S.; Kimball, Briant A.; Runkel, Robert L.

    2005-01-01

    Drainage from abandoned and inactive mines and from naturally mineralized areas in the San Juan Mountains of southern Colorado contributes metals to the upper Animas River near Silverton, Colorado. Tracer-injection studies and associated synoptic sampling were performed along two reaches of the upper Animas River to develop detailed profiles of stream discharge and to locate and quantify sources of metal loading. One tracer-injection study was performed in September 1997 on the Animas River reach from Howardsville to Silverton, and a second study was performed in August 1998 on the stream reach from Eureka to Howardsville. Drainage in the upper Animas River study reaches contributed aluminum, calcium, copper, iron, magnesium, manganese, sulfate, and zinc to the surface-water system in 1997 and 1998. Colloidal aluminum, dissolved copper, and dissolved zinc were attenuated through a braided stream reach downstream from Eureka. Instream dissolved copper concentrations were lower than the State of Colorado acute and chronic toxicity standards downstream from the braided reach to Silverton. Dissolved iron load and concentrations increased downstream from Howardsville and Arrastra Gulch, and colloidal iron remained constant at low concentrations downstream from Howardsville. Instream sulfate concentrations were lower than the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's secondary drinking-water standard of 250 milligrams per liter throughout the two study reaches. Elevated zinc concentrations are the primary concern for aquatic life in the upper Animas River. In the 1998 Eureka to Howardsville study, instream dissolved zinc load increased downstream from the Forest Queen mine, the Kittimack tailings, and Howardsville. In the 1997 Howardsville to Silverton study, there were four primary areas where zinc load increased. First, was the increase downstream from Howardsville and abandoned mining sites downstream from the Cunningham Gulch confluence, which also was measured during

  14. Cellulase Extraction Technology of Polysaccharide from Dendrobium Nobile%纤维素酶提取金钗石斛多糖工艺研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张晓敏; 孙志蓉; 朱南南; 程丽丽; 杨春宁; 王晨

    2015-01-01

    ive:Objective:To optimize the parameters of the cellulose extraction of Polysaccharide from Dendrobi-um nobile .Mothods:Regard the extraction rate of polysaccharide as indexes,and use orthogonal experriments to determine the content of index in cellulose by UV Spectrophotometry.Then evaluate the merits of enzymatic parameters.Results:The optimized process conditions were solid-to-liquid ratio 1:50,pH 5.0,reflux time 170min,dosage of enzyme 4500U/g,enzymolysis temperature 55℃,and the Dendrobium nobile polysaccharide extraction rate was 7.71%,with 43.84% higher than conventional thermal reflow method.Conclusion:This method has advantages of simplicity,high extraction rate,which lays a foundation for the further study of Den-drobium nobile.It also has the potentially industrial application value in the extraction of effective ingredients of Chinese Medicine.%目的:对纤维素酶用于金钗石斛多糖提取工艺的酶解参数进行优选。方法:通过正交实验,以多糖提取率为指标,采用紫外分光光度法测定多糖含量,以此评价酶解工艺的优劣。结果:最佳酶解条件为:料液比1∶50,pH值5.0,提取时间170min,酶用量4500U/g,酶解温度55℃,此时金钗石斛多糖提取率为7.71%,比常规热回流提取方法高43.84%。结论:本方法装置简单,提取率高,为金钗石斛深入研究奠定基础,在中药有效成分的提取方面具有潜在的工业应用价值。

  15. The hero, the anima and the claustrum: anality and idealization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meredith-Owen, William

    2012-04-01

    Joe Redfearn's (1979) classic paper 'The captive, the treasure, the hero and the anal stage of development' is recognized as seminal to the development of Jungian thought about anality, particularly its integration with mainstream (Freudian, Kleinian) psychoanalytic perspectives. This paper develops such an approach through drawing on contributions from Meltzer, Green, Bion, Chasseguet-Smirgel and Kernberg. More specifically, it is argued that over-investment in hero and anima archetypal configurations may represent an attempt to replace the resource of the internal parental couple that, at the level of unconscious phantasy, has been destroyed by the aggrieved child's attack on the primal scene. Unless this usually dissociated sadism can be integrated, the creative epistemophilic instinct may remain blunted, giving rise, through projective identification, to the adoption of a pseudo-adult identity based on appropriation or assertion. This in turn may lead to manic attempts to reach authentic ('animating') experience through the (often erotized) excitement of heroic endeavour. Consideration of both Redfearn's and the author's own clinical material demonstrates how close attention to process as well as content is fundamental to revealing and addressing such likely-to-be dissociated scenarios.

  16. Os sete graus de atividade da alma humana no De quantitate animae de Santo Agostinho

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sérgio Ricardo Strefling

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available A alma é, sem dúvida, um dos problemas que mais interessou a Santo Agostinho; ele a define como uma substância partícipe da razão adequada ao governo de um corpo. A alma não tem quantidade corporal, contudo, é uma coisa grande. Este estudo pretende refletir sobre os sete graus de atividade da alma, os quais o autor apresenta na sua obra De quantitate animae. São eles: a animação, a sensação, a arte, a virtude, a tranquilidade, o ingresso e a contemplação.

  17. Tristano Caracciolo and his “question” about nobility. The regis servitium in the Neapolitan 15th century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luigi Tufano

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available The paper starts from the central position of the concept of regis servitium as a constitutive element of the Southern Italy Humanism’s thought about the theme of nobilitas, deepening the particular situation of Tristano Caracciolo. It catches both the aspects of originality and continuity in the political treatise tradition between the 15th and the 16th centuries. For this purpose it shows how the noble humanist Tristano Caracciolo, in contrast with the thesis of Bracciolini’s de vera nobilitate, has claimed a behavior model for the Neapolitan nobility in which the regis servitium is the condition of nobility, is the synonym of activism, is the workshop of glory and wealth.

  18. 75 FR 57289 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Pioneer Historical Society of Bent County, Las Animas, CO

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-20

    ..., CO AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior. ACTION: Notice. Notice is here given in accordance with... Animas, CO. The human remains were removed from unknown locations. This notice is published as part of..., New Mexico; Pueblo of Santo Domingo, New Mexico; Pueblo of Taos, New Mexico; Pueblo of Tesuque,...

  19. Generalized geologic map of part of the upper Animas River watershed and vicinity, Silverton, Colorado

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yager, D.B.; Bove, D.J.

    2002-01-01

    This dataset represents geology compiled for the upper Animas River Watershed near Silverton, Colorado. The source data used are derived from 1:24,000, 1:20,000, 1:48,000 and 1:250,000-scale geologic maps by geologists who have worked in this area since the early 1960's.

  20. The Role of the Nobility in the Development of Navigation on the Danube (XIX - early XX centuries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liliya Tsyganenko

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available The questions of the place and role of the nobility of Bessarabia in the development of transport Infrastructure of the region in the late 19th - early 20th centuries is disscused. The activity of Prince Y. Gagarin - the first founder of shipping company on the Danube - Russian-Danube Shipping Company, which by 1886 evolved into a major joint-venture private limited transport in Bessarabia - Black Sea-Danube Shipping

  1. Arminio nobile e la misura del cielo ovvero le disavventure di un astronomo napoletano

    CERN Document Server

    Capaccioli, Massimo

    2012-01-01

    La scienza è un’esaltante avventura che è costume raccontare attraverso le gesta dei grandi. Esiste però un’altra storia, altrettanto avvincente ma con poca voce, scritta dai tanti gregari e potenziali campioni cui la sorte, spesso nemmeno troppo cieca, ha negato la gloria. Questo libro parla di uno di loro e del suo piccolo mondo sulla collina di Capodimonte, a Napoli. È la parabola di Arminio Nobile – personaggio notevole eppure poco noto dell’astronomia italiana – svolta sulla scena della nascente astrofisica, in una stagione di grandi transizioni per il Mezzogiorno. Arminio, che era figlio di Giuseppina Guacci, figura di spicco della cultura pre-risorgimentale, e di un valente astronomo della Specola di Capodimonte, scelse di votarsi allo studio del cielo. Osservatore instancabile, appassionato e genialoide, aveva le carte in regola e le motivazioni per “sfondare”, ma la fortuna non gli arrise: più volte si beffò di lui, spingendolo su vicoli ciechi che la sua testardaggine gli impedì...

  2. Turismo e Animação Cultural no Espaço Urbano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mario Carlos Beni

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Em 1979, a Diretoria de Planejamento da Empresa Paulista de Turismo (Paulistur SA, coordenada por Mario Beni, incrementou uma política de animação em espaços públicos, na cidade de São Paulo. Houve, naquele momento, disponibilização de estruturas e de condições políticas que permitiram exercer com ineditismo algumas intervenções para satisfazer as necessidades de um aglomerado urbano como São Paulo, SP, em termos de educação, lazer e cultura. O presente estudo de caso objetiva resgatar tal experiência e seu legado para a cidade, registrando como as zonas de intervenção devem oferecer condições para a produção e o consumo da cultura e do turismo, de uma maneira geral, dando condições de desenvolvimento à economia simbólica.Tourism and Sociocultural animation in Urban Space - In 1979, the Diretoria de Planejamento da Empresa Paulista de Turismo (PAULISTUR SA, coordinated by Mario Beni, increased a policy of animation in public spaces in the city of São Paulo. At that time there was structures and political conditions that allowed an unprecedented exercise with urban interventions to meet the needs in terms of education, leisure and culture of an urban center such as São Paulo, SP. This case study aims to revive such experience and its legacy to the city, registering as urban interventions should provide conditions for the production and consumption of culture and tourism, in general, providing conditions for the development of symbolic economy.

  3. Descriptions of the Animas River-Cement Creek Confluence and Mixing Zone Near Silverton, Colorado, During the Late Summers of 1996-1997

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-01-01

    Descriptions of the Animas River-Cement Creek Confluence and Mixing Zone near Silverton , Colorado, during the Late Summers of 1996 and 1997 U.S...circum-neutral Animas River in a high-elevation region of the San Juan Mountains near Silverton , Colorado. Cement Creek is acidic and enriched in metals...Animas River drains an extensively mineralized caldera in the San Juan Mountains near Silverton , Colorado (Yager and Bove, 2002). This is an area of

  4. Alongamento de plantas de Dendrobium nobile Lindl. com pulverização de ácido giberélico Elongation of Dendrobium nobile Lindl. plants by gibberellic acid pulverization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mívia Rosa de Medeiros Vichiato

    2007-02-01

    Full Text Available Dendrobium nobile Lindl. (olho-de-boneca é uma das orquídeas mais populares do Brasil, ocupando posição de destaque no mercado de plantas de corte e de vaso. Entretanto, o desenvolvimento muito lento da família Orchidaceae tem contribuído para o elevado valor unitário de suas plantas, sendo necessárias técnicas que promovam a obtenção mais rápida de plantas comercializáveis. Objetivando avaliar o efeito do ácido giberélico no alongamento de plantas de D. nobile, foi realizado experimento em delineamento inteiramente casualizado com cinco concentrações de GA3 (0, 50, 100, 200 e 400 mg.L-1 e treze repetições. Efetuaram-se quatro pulverizações com soluções de ácido giberélico a intervalos quinzenais e noventa dias após início dos tratamentos, avaliaram-se as seguintes características: altura e diâmetro do pseudobulbo, número de folhas, largura e comprimento das folhas. A aplicação do GA3 promoveu, em comparação às plantas testemunhas, incrementos de 64,08% em altura e 44,27% no comprimento das folhas e decréscimos de 50% no diâmetro do pseudobulbo e 56,09% na largura das folhas. Não houve diferença entre as concentrações de GA3 testadas. Portanto, o ácido giberélico nas concentrações de 50 a 400 mg.L-1 é igualmente eficiente no alongamento de plantas D. nobile.The Dendrobium nobile Lindl. (olho-de-boneca is one of the most popular orchids of Brazil, occupying prominence position in the market of cut plants and pot. However, the very slow development of the family Orchidaceae has been contributing to the high unitary value of the plants, being necessary techniques that promote the fastest way of obtaining plants in the marketed. With the objective of evaluating the effect of the gibberellic acid in the elongation of plants of D. nobile spread by cutting, an entirely randomized experimental design was carried out with five concentrations of GA3 (0, 50, 100, 200 and 400 mg.L-1 and thirteen replications

  5. Surficial geologic maps along the riparian zone of the Animas River and its headwater tributaries, Silverton to Durango, Colorado, with upper Animas River watershed gradient profiles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blair, R.W.; Yager, D.B.; Church, S.E.

    2002-01-01

    This product consists of Adobe Acrobat .PDF format documents for 10 surficial geologic strip maps along the Animas River watershed from its major headwater tributaries, south to Durango, Colorado. The Animas River originates in the San Juan Mountains north of the historic mining town of Silverton, Colorado. The surficial geologic maps identify surficial deposits, such as flood-plain and terrace gravels, alluvial fans, glacial till, talus, colluvium, landslides, and bogs. Sixteen primary units were mapped that included human-related deposits and structures, eight alluvial, four colluvial, one glacial, travertine deposits, and undifferentiated bedrock. Each of the surficial geologic strip maps has .PDF links to surficial geology photographs, which enable the user to take a virtual tour of these deposits. Geochemical data collected from mapped surficial deposits that pre- and postdate mining activity have aided in determining the geochemical baseline in the watershed. Several photographs with their corresponding geochemical baseline profiles are accessible through .PDF links from several of the maps. A single coverage for all surficial deposits mapped is included as an ArcInfo shape file as an Arc Export format .e00 file. A gradient map for major headwater tributary streams to the Animas River is also included. The gradient map has stream segments that are color-coded based on relative variations in slope and .PDF format links to each stream gradient profile. Stream gradients were derived from U.S. Geological Survey 10-m digital elevation model data. This project was accomplished in support of the U.S. Geological Survey's Abandoned Mine Lands Initiative in the San Juan Mountains, Colorado.

  6. Stephen's Anima Archetype Development in A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋昕

    2015-01-01

    阿尼玛作为荣格集体无意识理论提出的重要原型,主要指男人潜意识中的女性原型意象.乔伊斯名作《一个青年艺术家的画像》里几位重要女性作为斯蒂芬潜意识里的阿尼玛意象,对他从懵懂到成熟的不同成长阶段影响深远.%Anima is the important archetype of Jung's Collective Unconscious, and mainly refers to the archetypal female images existing within the men's unconsciousness. The heroines as Stephen's Anima in Unconscious in Joyce's masterpiece A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man have great impact on Stephen's psychological mature from ignorance.

  7. Tecnologias de gênero e dispositivo amoroso nos filmes de animação da Disney

    OpenAIRE

    Monteiro, Clara; Zanello, Valeska

    2014-01-01

    Recursos midiáticos representam uma tecnologia de gênero poderosa na sociedade ocidental atual, expondo constantemente representações sociais diferenciadas para homens e mulheres. Tendo em vista que os desenhos de animação veiculados para crianças estabelecem um dos primeiros contatos com estes recursos, o presente estudo pretendeu identificar os estereótipos e valores de gênero que atravessam quatro filmes de animação de Walt Disney: “Cinderela”, “A Bela e a Fera”, “A Pequena Ser...

  8. Cloning, Expression Profiling and Functional Analysis of CnHMGS, a Gene Encoding 3-hydroxy-3-Methylglutaryl Coenzyme A Synthase from Chamaemelum nobile

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shuiyuan Cheng

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Roman chamomile (Chamaemelum nobile L. is renowned for its production of essential oils, which major components are sesquiterpenoids. As the important enzyme in the sesquiterpenoid biosynthesis pathway, 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A synthase (HMGS catalyze the crucial step in the mevalonate pathway in plants. To isolate and identify the functional genes involved in the sesquiterpene biosynthesis of C. nobile L., a HMGS gene designated as CnHMGS (GenBank Accession No. KU529969 was cloned from C. nobile. The cDNA sequence of CnHMGS contained a 1377 bp open reading frame encoding a 458-amino-acid protein. The sequence of the CnHMGS protein was highly homologous to those of HMGS proteins from other plant species. Phylogenetic tree analysis revealed that CnHMGS clustered with the HMGS of Asteraceae in the dicotyledon clade. Further functional complementation of CnHMGS in the mutant yeast strain YSC6274 lacking HMGS activity demonstrated that the cloned CnHMGS cDNA encodes a functional HMGS. Transcript profile analysis indicated that CnHMGS was preferentially expressed in flowers and roots of C. nobile. The expression of CnHMGS could be upregulated by exogenous elicitors, including methyl jasmonate and salicylic acid, suggesting that CnHMGS was elicitor-responsive. The characterization and expression analysis of CnHMGS is helpful to understand the biosynthesis of sesquiterpenoid in C. nobile at the molecular level and also provides molecular wealth for the biotechnological improvement of this important medicinal plant.

  9. Magnetic properties, acid neutralization capacity, and net acid production of rocks in the Animas River Watershed Silverton, Colorado

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCafferty, Anne E.; Yager, Douglas B.; Horton, Radley M.; Diehl, Sharon F.

    2006-01-01

    Federal land managers along with local stakeholders in the Upper Animas River watershed near Silverton, Colorado are actively designing and implementing mine waste remediation projects to mitigate the effects of acid mine drainage from several abandoned hard rock metal mines and mills. Local source rocks with high acid neutralization capacity (ANC) within the watershed are of interest to land managers for use in these remediation projects. A suite of representative samples was collected from propylitic to weakly sericitic-altered volcanic and plutonic rocks exposed in outcrops throughout the watershed. Acid-base accounting laboratory methods coupled with mineralogic and geochemical characterization provide insight into lithologies that have a range of ANC and net acid production (NAP). Petrophysical lab determinations of magnetic susceptibility converted to estimates for percent magnetite show correlation with the environmental properties of ANC and NAP for many of the lithologies. A goal of our study is to interpret watershed-scale airborne magnetic data for regional mapping of rocks that have varying degrees of ANC and NAP. Results of our preliminary work are presented here.

  10. Anima/Animus and Wise Old Man in Six Characters in Search of an Author

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Jamalinesari

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The word ‘archetype’ is derived from the Greek words arche meaning ‘first’ and type meaning ‘imprint’ or ‘pattern’. Actually, the archetypes are like deposits of experiences that have been frequently repeated in the history of human beings. They are present in all humans from birth. They can be represented in dreams, fantasies, or as a story, as a pattern or image such as mandala, or as an archetypal or mythical character. Jung believes that the archetypes are not memories of past experiences but are forms without content that represent a certain kind of perception and action. They offer a kind of preparation to produce similar mythical ideas again and again.  Jung discovers that, since we have different cultures with different people, we have different kinds of archetypes – some known, many others yet to be discovered. In this regards, in the followings the archetypes Anima/Animus and Wise Old Man are discussed in Six Characters in Search of an Author to show how the question of reality, illusion and the oxymoron illusive reality as a major theme haunts Pirandello`s play. Keywords: Jung, Anima, Animus, Wise Old Man, Pirandello

  11. Ceremonial dress of the Achaemenid nobility of the VI– V centuries BC (according to findings from the fifth Pazyryk kurgan and synchronous iconic monuments of the Achaemenid time

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tsareva E.G.

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The article represents the results of study of a unique composite horse trapping and breast belt, found by expedition of S.I. Rudenko in the 5th Pazyryk kurgan (Mountain Altai, mid. 3rd century BC, and initially attributed as Iranian. The research has been aimed at definition the place and time of creation of three fragmented ornamented textiles, which decorated the trapping and the belt; as well as their original usage and way of coming to the Altai. To achieve the goal the author carefully studied the structures of items under research. The one with purple ground and “tower’s” pattern, which covers the ends of felt foundation of the trapping, is woven with wool and linen Z-spun threads, in warp sharing “kilim” technique, “dove tail” variant. The cloth is identified as Syrian, supposedly the time of reign of Darius I. Two other ones, with “lion procession” pattern (breast belt and “priestess and maidservant in front of an incense burner” (framing of panels was also made from wool and linen, although of different quality and S-spinning, in slit-kilim technique. Both are identified as Egyptian, and dated (most probably to the XXVII (Persian dynasty period. Comparison with representations of similar in decor textiles from synchronous in time monuments, and study of historic data on textile industry of the Achaemenid Empire made it possible to suggest, that “purple kilim” and “lion procession” belt made parts of ceremonial dress of Achaemenid nobility. The cloak could be brought to the Altai by one of the “Scythians”, who got it as a reward when served in the army of Alexander the Great during his Asian campaign.

  12. 75 FR 60496 - Kern Valley Railroad Company-Termination of Trackage Rights-in Las Animas County, CO

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-30

    ... milepost 0.0 and milepost 2.0 in Jansen, Las Animas County, Colo. (the line). The line traverses United States Postal Service Zip Code 81082 and includes no stations. The line, to KVR's knowledge, does not... set forth in Oregon Short Line Railroad--Abandonment Portion Goshen Branch Between Firth & Ammon,...

  13. Nobleza territorial y política ciudadana en el siglo XV (los concejos del área del Tajo = Territorial Nobility and Council Politics in the Fifteenth Century: the Town Councils of the Tagus River Basin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José María Sánchez Benito

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available En el estudio de las ciudades medievales no es raro que la nobleza territorial quede relativamente en penumbra, llegando incluso a entenderla ajena al sistema urbano. Sin embargo, una mirada simplemente superficial descubre con facilidad que su presencia en la vida ciudadana era muy considerable y así se ha destacado ya en varias investigaciones. Además, es tan grande la complejidad que presenta el influjo de los nobles en la misma que parece oportuno profundizar en los distintos papeles que efectivamente desempeñan y, al mismo tiempo, recapitular la problemática desde una perspectiva comparativa. Así pues, para alcanzar tales objetivos, recurriremos a la observación de los núcleos situados en el centro del reino castellano, a lo largo del río Tajo.In research concerning medieval towns, it is not unusual for the territorial nobility to be neglected as a political player, even to the point of being considered an outsider to the urban system. However, even a quick view will easily reveal its considerable presence in municipal life, as previously demonstrated in various studies. Furthermore, the complex nature of the presence of the nobility is so great that it becomes essential to delve into the different roles they played, as well as review the issue from a comparative standpoint. Hence, in order to accomplish this task we will focus on the analysis of various town councils in the heart of the Kingdom of Castile along the Tagus river basin

  14. Anima Automata: On the Olympian Art of Song

    OpenAIRE

    Porzak, Simon Lucas

    2014-01-01

    Dominant explanations of the power of song, in musicology, sound studies, media theory, and our cultural mythologies about divas and pop singers, follow a Promethean trajectory: a singer wagers her originary humanity through an encounter with the machinery of music (vocal training, recording media, etc.); yet her song will finally carry an even more profound, immediate human meaning. Technology forms an accidental detour leading from humanity to more humanity. In an alternative, "Olympian" pr...

  15. La schiava del filosofo: sventure dell’anima e della giustizia. Apuleio, Platone, Sade

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Massimo Stella

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available In this paper I try to point out and to investigate the relationship between the narrative archetype of the chased maiden, starting from Apuleius’ literary codification of this motif in Cupid and Psyche’s myth, and the representation of justice/injustice in Plato’s (Republic and Sade’s (Justine, Juliette political philosophy. This inquiry leads us to the embarassing conclusion that political philosophy, in its theoretical and perpetual effort to reshape the concepts of justice and injustice, has never focused (or is it a case of voluntary obliteration? on the real matter of the whole question: the story and the rights of the innocent victim.Keywords: fanciulla, schiava, puttana, prigione, stupro, anima, giustizia, filosofo, libertino; maiden, slave, whore, prison, rape, soul, justice, philosopher, libertine.

  16. Some considerations concerning the alchemy of the De anima in arte alchemiae of pseudo-Avicenna.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moureau, Sébastien

    2009-03-01

    This article explains some essential features of the alchemical doctrine of the De anima in arte alchemiae, a treatise written in Spain during the twelfth century (in Arabic, but only the Latin translation remains), and wrongly attributed to Avicenna. It shows that pseudo-Avicenna uses alchemical principles and elixir theory directly inspired by Jabirian texts, and classification of materials influenced by al-Razi. The alchemy of pseudo-Avicenna is entirely based on operations on the four elements: the alchemist has to reduce hair, blood or eggs to their elements, and isolate one of their essential properties (warmth, coldness, moisture and dryness), so that he can change the proportion of essential properties of the body he wants to transmute into gold or silver. The preparation made from hair, blood or eggs (the isolated property) is what he calls the elixir.

  17. Hipercinema : elementos para uma teoria formalista do cinema de animação hiperrealista

    OpenAIRE

    Alberto Lucena Barbosa Júnior

    2012-01-01

    Resumo: A pesquisa almeja formular uma teoria estética para o cinema de animação hiperrealista. Após completar meio século de existência, a computação gráfica finalmente alcançou um estágio tecnológico no qual o artista dispõe de ferramentas poderosas e flexíveis o suficiente para enfim encarar o desafio de criar filmes com imagens realistas sintéticas absolutamente convincentes. Impõe-se, entretanto, a necessidade de fundamentação estética para fornecer o apoio artístico capaz de colaborar p...

  18. La schiava del filosofo: sventure dell’anima e della giustizia. Apuleio, Platone, Sade

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Massimo Stella

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available

    In this paper I try to point out and to investigate the relationship between the narrative archetype of the chased maiden, starting from Apuleius’ literary codification of this motif in Cupid and Psyche’s myth, and the representation of justice/injustice in Plato’s (Republic and Sade’s (Justine, Juliette political philosophy. This inquiry leads us to the embarassing conclusion that political philosophy, in its theoretical and perpetual effort to reshape the concepts of justice and injustice, has never focused (or is it a case of voluntary obliteration? on the real matter of the whole question: the story and the rights of the innocent victim.

    Keywords: fanciulla, schiava, puttana, prigione, stupro, anima, giustizia, filosofo, libertino; maiden, slave, whore, prison, rape, soul, justice, philosopher, libertine.

  19. Isolation and Identification of Endophytic Fungi in the Root, Stem and Leaves of Dendrobium nobile Lindl%金钗石斛菌根、茎和叶内生真菌的分离与鉴定

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黎勇; 罗培凤; 朱丹丽; 齐泽民

    2012-01-01

    [Objective] To isolate and identify the endophytic fungi in different tissues of Dendrobium nobile Lindl. , so as to provide experimental basis for its plants survival rate. [ Method] The endophytic fungi was isolated from the root, stem and leaves of Dendrobium nobile Lindl. on the improved PDA-antiobiotic acidic medium, and the isolated strains were purified by the slicing method, and their colony morphology was observed. [ Result ] Through the observation of colony morphology, the six endophytic fungi were identified as NJJG-1, NJJG-2, NJJR-1, NJJR-2, NJJR-3, NJYJ-1, respectively. The experimental results indicated that the purification results and diversity of endophytic fungi were directly influenced by the surface disinfection conditions and methods of materials and the screening of separating medium. The treatment effect of 75% alcohol for 30 seconds plus 0.1% mercuric chloride for 7 minutes was stable, and more species of endophytic fungi were isolated combined with the improved PDA-antiobiotic acidic medium. [ Conclusion] The study provided a guidance for the isolation and identification of endophytic fungi in different tissues of Dendrobium nobile Lindl. , arid provided experimental basis for the survival rate of its field plants.%[目的]分离鉴定铁皮石斛不同组织内生真菌,以期为提高其组培苗的大田定植成活率提供试验依据.[方法]以改良PDA -抗生素酸性培养基为基础分离培养基,分别从金钗石斛菌根、茎和叶中分离内生真菌,利用切片法对分离得到的菌株进行纯化,并观察其菌落形态.[结果]通过菌落形态观察,初步鉴定所纯化的6个内生菌株分别为:NJJG-1,NJJG-2,NJJR-1,NJJR-2,NJJR-3和NJYJ-1.试验结果表明材料表面消毒条件和方法以及分离培养基的选用,均直接影响真菌的分离纯化效果和分离得到的内生菌的多样性,其中以75%酒精处理30 s,再用0.1%升汞处理7 min的表面消毒效

  20. La Nobleza en la Ciudad: Arquitectura y Magnificencia a finales de la Edad Media Nobility and the city: architecture and Magnificentia at the end of the Middle Ages

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Begoña ALONSO RUIZ

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo se ocupa de la relación entre la nobleza y el arte a finales de la Edad Media, un momento especialmente significativo por los cambios que se producirán en cada uno de estos factores. Por un lado, la nobleza sufre importantes transformaciones en formas e integrantes; por otro, el arte, ahora empleado como adecuado medio de propaganda. El tercer elemento del análisis es la ciudad, marco elegido por la nobleza para poner en práctica el uso de signos de distinción social, los nuevos modelos de exhibición pública, especialmente en el empleo de la arquitectura como vehículo de visualización del poder, centrándonos en lo ocurrido en las ciudades castellanas en el siglo XV (especialmente en Toledo y la familia Ayala, como inicio de un proceso que se consolidará en la Edad Moderna.This work analyses the relation between the nobility and the arts at the end of the Middle Ages, an especially significant period due to the changes occurring in each of these areas. on the one hand, the nobility experienced a profound transformation in its forms and membership; on the other, the arts began to be employed as a symbol of power and a means of propaganda. The third element of analysis is the city itself, as the showcase for the nobility to deploy the symbols of social distinction and new models of public display. This work focusses on the cities of Castile during the 15th century (especially Toledo and the Ayala family and the use of architecture as a useful vehicle for the visualisation of power, thus beginning a process to be consolidated during the Modern Era.

  1. 从俄国文学作品看俄国贵族家庭的结构与生活%Russian nobility's family life in imperial era:An investigation from Russian literature and family records of nobilities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王康名

    2016-01-01

    从彼得大帝改革到19世纪的农奴制改革,俄国社会的发展都不可避免地受到西欧文化的影响。尤其对于俄国社会中最容易接触西欧文化的俄国贵族来说,西欧思想更是深刻影响了他们的家庭秩序。传统上,很多人认为俄国的近代化历程是一个单纯接受西欧文化的过程,但在深入分析俄国贵族阶层的著名文学作品和家庭记录等一手材料中可以发现,俄国所特有的家庭模式仍然在19世纪具有相当强的影响力,并且存在相对于西欧家庭模式先进之处。因此可以看出,俄国近代家庭秩序的变迁并不是单方面地接受西欧文化的过程,而是在本土独有的家庭文化和西欧家庭文化互相交融的结果下,一同走上了殊途同归的道路。%Since reform of Peter the Great to ninteen century's slavery reform ,Russian society was inevitably infected by Western culture .For those nobilities ,the regulations of their family structure w ere also deeply influenced by Western culture . T raditionally , the transition of Russian society was a unilateral adoption of Western Europe culture .However ,based on the analysis of literatures and family records ,it is figured out that the traditional Russian family culture still has its position on Russian daily life .What is more ,compared to family order of Western Europe , Russian family order has its ow n advances (for instance , the inheritance rights of women) .Therefore ,it is obvious that the transition of Russian family structure on imperial Russia period was a by-directional culture exchange between Russia and Western Europe rather than a unilateral culture invasion from Western Europe .

  2. Desenvolvimento e utilização de animações em 3D no ensino de química

    OpenAIRE

    Manuel Moreira Baptista

    2013-01-01

    Resumo: As animações deste trabalho foram desenvolvidas utilizando o software Blender®. Este software, de código aberto e gratuito, é atualmente um dos recursos computacionais mais avançados para modelagem e animação em 3D. As animações foram planejadas para serem usadas em sala de aula e, portanto, são desprovidas de narração e legenda. Os assuntos contemplados foram: Teoria do Orbital Atômico, distribuição eletrônica, hibridização, Teoria do Orbital Molecular, Teoria de Ligação de Valência,...

  3. Comparative Transcriptomic Analysis of Vernalization- and Cytokinin-Induced Floral Transition in Dendrobium nobile

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wen, Zhenzhen; Guo, Wenzhong; Li, Jinchi; Lin, Haisheng; He, Chunmei; Liu, Yunquan; Zhang, Qunyu; Liu, Wei

    2017-01-01

    Vernalization is required for floral initiation in Dendrobium. Interestingly, those beneficial effects can also be achieved by exogenous cytokinin application in greenhouses. Thus, an as yet unknown crosstalk/interaction may exist between vernalization and cytokinin signaling pathways. In this study, we showed, by de novo transcriptome assembly using RNA-seq data from both vegetative and reproductive tissue samples, that some floral transition-related genes—DnVRN1, FT, SOC1, LFY and AP1—were differentially expressed in low-temperature-challenged (LT) or thidiazuron (TDZ)-treated plants, compared to those mock-treated (CK). Both LT and TDZ upregulated SOC1, LFY and AP1, while the upregulation of DnVRN1 and FT was only LT-induced. We further found that LT promoted the upregulation of some key cytokinin signaling regulators, including several cytokinin biosynthesis-related genes and type-B response regulator (RR)-encoding genes, and that both LT and TDZ triggered the significant upregulation of some marker genes in the gibberellin (GA) signaling pathway, indicating an important low temperature-cytokinin-GA axis in flowering. Our data thus have revealed a cytokinin-GA signal network underlying vernalization, providing a novel insight into further investigation of the molecular mechanism of floral initiation in Dendrobium. PMID:28361995

  4. Geology and geothermal waters of Lightning Dock region, Animas Valley and Pyramid Mountains, Hidalgo County, New Mexico

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Elston, W.E.; Deal, E.G.; Logsdon, M.J.

    1983-01-01

    This circular covers the geology of the Pyramid Peak, Swallow Fork Peak, Table Top Mountain, and South Pyramid Peak 7-1/2-min quadrangles, which include the Lightning Dock KGRA. Hot wells (70 to 115.5/sup 0/C) seem to be structurally controlled by intersections of the ring-fracture zone of an Oligocene ash-flow tuff cauldron (Muir cauldron), a Miocene-to-Holocene north-trending basin-and-range fault (Animas Valley fault), and a northeast-trending lineament that appears to control anomalously heated underground waters and Pliocene-Pleistocene basalt cones in the San Bernardino, San Simon, and Animas Valleys. The Muir cauldron, approximately 20 km in diameter, collapsed in two stages, each associated with the eruption of a rhyolite ash-flow-tuff sheet and of ring-fracture domes. Most of the hydrothermal alteration of the Lightning Dock KGRA is related to the first stage of eruption and collapse, not to the modern geothermal system. Contrary to previous reports, no silicic volcanic rocks younger than basin-and-range faulting are known; unconformities beneath rhyolite ring-fracture domes are caused by Oligocene caldera collapse, not by basin-and-range faulting. The Animas Valley is the site of widespread post-20 My travertine deposits and near-surface veins of calcite, fluorite, and/or psilomelane, controlled by north- or northwest-trending basin-and-range faults. The fluoride-bearing waters of the Lightning Dock KGRA may be a late stage of this hydrothermal activity. Distribution of Pliocene-Pleistocene basalt suggests that deep-seated basalt near the solids may be the ultimate heat source.

  5. Desenvolvimento de rigging e movimento para cães em Animação 3D

    OpenAIRE

    Pinheiro, Ricardo Miranda

    2015-01-01

    Esta dissertação tem como objetivo principal abordar, no âmbito do cinema de animação 3D, a elaboração de rigging e movimento para personagens caninos. Desta forma, o objeto de estudo foca-se em todas as etapas de desenvolvimento de personagens caninas, tendo como ponto de partida o estudo da anatomia óssea e muscular canina. Depois de analisada a anatomia, será necessário transferir esses conhecimentos para o ambiente 3D. O estudo da anatomia muscular irá permitir-nos iniciar o processo d...

  6. Geophysical, geochemical, mineralogical, and enivronmental data for rock samples collected in a mineralized volcanic environment, upper Animas River watershed, Colorado

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCafferty, A.E.; Horton, R.J.; Stanton, M.R.; McDougal, R.R.; Fey, D.L.

    2011-01-01

    This report provides analyses of 90 rock samples collected in the upper Animas River watershed near Silverton, Colo., from 2001 to 2007. The samples are analyzed for geophysical, geochemical, mineralogical, and environmental rock properties of acid neutralizing capacity and net acid production. The database is derived from both published (n=68) and unpublished (n=32) data. New for all samples are geophysical measurements of electrical resistivity, density, and porosity. Rock samples were acquired from 12 geologic units that include key Tertiary volcanic and plutonic lithologies, all with varying degrees of alteration.

  7. Medical topics in the De anima commentary of Coimbra (1598) and the Jesuits' attitude towards medicine in education and natural philosophy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sander, Christoph

    2014-01-01

    Early-modern Jesuit universities did not offer studies in medicine, and from 1586 onwards, the Jesuit Ratio studiorum prohibited digressions on medical topics in the Aristotelian curriculum. However, some sixteenth-century Jesuit text books used in philosophy classes provided detailed accounts on physiological issues such as sense perception and its organic location as discussed in Aristotle's De anima II, 7-11. This seeming contradiction needs to be explained. In this paper, I focus on the interst in medical topics manifested in a commentary by the Jesuits of Coimbra. Admittedly, the Coimbra commentary constituted an exception, as the Jesuit college that produced it was integrated in a royal university which had a strong interest in educating physicians. It will be claimed that the exclusion of medicine at Jesuit universities and colleges had its origin in rather incidental events in the course of the foundation of the first Jesuit university in Sicily. There, the lay professors of law and medicine intended to avoid subordination to the Jesuits and thereby provoked a conflict which finally led the Jesuit administration to refrain from including faculties of medicine and law in Jesuit universities. Towards the end of the sixteenth century, a veritable Jesuit animosity towards medicine emerged for philosophical and pedagogical reasons. This development reflects educational concerns within the Society as well as the role of commentaries on Aristotle for early-modern learning.

  8. Analysis of the Transport and Fate of Metals Released From the Gold King Mine in the Animas and San Juan Rivers

    Science.gov (United States)

    This project’s objectives were to provide analysis of water quality following the release of acid mine drainage in the Animas and San Juan Rivers in a timely manner to 1) generate a comprehensive picture of the plume at the river system level, 2) help inform future monitoring eff...

  9. Design Centrado no Usuário e concepções pedagógicas como guia para o desenvolvimento da animação educacional

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcia Maria Alves

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available A produção de animações gráficas para o ensino fundamental tem proliferado devido às tecnologias de comunicação e à necessidade de novos recursos que auxiliem ao aprendizado. No entanto, muitas animações são apenas reproduções do material impresso, sem um uso adequado da tecnologia, sem uma adaptação para o aluno/usuário e não alinhadas às concepções pedagógicas atuais. Este artigo pretende buscar na literatura bases para um procedimento de elaboração de materiais didáticos (animações gráficas conectado às concepções construtivistas por meio da aplicação dos princípios do Design Centrado no Usuário (DCU. Para isso, os autores apresentam revisão bibliográfica, comparam os princípios das concepções construtivistas de Vygostky e do DCU, e indicam um possível processo de Design que pode auxiliar na confecção de animações gráficas mais engajadas nas linhas construtivistas e mais próximas dos alunos.

  10. New geochronologic and stratigraphic evidence confirms the paleocene age of the dinosaur-bearing ojo alamo sandstone and animas formation in the San Juan Basin, New Mexico and Colorado

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fassett, J.E.

    2009-01-01

    Dinosaur fossils are present in the Paleocene Ojo Alamo Sandstone and Animas Formation in the San Juan Basin, New Mexico, and Colorado. Evidence for the Paleo-cene age of the Ojo Alamo Sandstone includes palynologic and paleomagnetic data. Palynologic data indicate that the entire Ojo Alamo Sandstone, including the lower dinosaur-bearing part, is Paleocene in age. All of the palynomorph-productive rock samples collected from the Ojo Alamo Sandstone at multiple localities lacked Creta-ceous index palynomorphs (except for rare, reworked specimens) and produced Paleocene index palynomorphs. Paleocene palynomorphs have been identified strati-graphically below dinosaur fossils at two separate localities in the Ojo Alamo Sand-stone in the central and southern parts of the basin. The Animas Formation in the Colorado part of the basin also contains dinosaur fossils, and its Paleocene age has been established based on fossil leaves and palynology. Magnetostratigraphy provides independent evidence for the Paleocene age of the Ojo Alamo Sandstone and its dinosaur-bearing beds. Normal-polarity magnetochron C29n (early Paleocene) has been identified in the Ojo Alamo Sandstone at six localities in the southern part of the San Juan Basin. An assemblage of 34 skeletal elements from a single hadrosaur, found in the Ojo Alamo Sandstone in the southern San Juan Basin, provided conclusive evidence that this assemblage could not have been reworked from underlying Cretaceous strata. In addition, geochemical studies of 15 vertebrate bones from the Paleocene Ojo Alamo Sandstone and 15 bone samples from the underlying Kirtland Formation of Late Creta-ceous (Campanian) age show that each sample suite contained distinctly different abundances of uranium and rare-earth elements, indicating that the bones were miner-alized in place soon after burial, and that none of the Paleocene dinosaur bones ana-lyzed had been reworked. ?? U.S. Geological Survey, Public Domain April 2009.

  11. Radionuclide Data and Calculations and Loss-On-Ignition, X-Ray Fluorescence, and ICP-AES Data from Cores in Catchments of the Animas River, Colorado

    Science.gov (United States)

    Church, Stanley E.; Rice, Cyndi A.; Marot, Marci E.

    2008-01-01

    The U.S. Departments of Agriculture and Interior Abandoned Mine Lands (AML) Initiative is focused on the evaluation of the effect of past mining practices on the water quality and the riparian and aquatic habitats of impacted stream reaches downstream from historical mining districts located primarily on Federal lands. This problem is manifest in the eleven western states (west of longitude 102 degrees) where the majority of hardrock mines that had past production are located on Federal lands. In areas of temperate climate and moderate to heavy precipitation, the effects of rapid chemical and physical weathering of sulfides exposed on mine-waste dumps and acidic drainage from mines have resulted in elevated metal concentrations in the stream water and stream-bed sediment. The result of these mineral weathering processes has an unquantified impact on the quality of the water and the aquatic and riparian habitats that may limit their recreational resource value. One of the confounding factors in these studies is the determination of the component of metals derived from hydrothermally altered but unmined portions of these drainage basins. Several watersheds have been studied to evaluate the effects of acid mine drainage and acid rock drainage on the near-surface environment. The Animas River watershed in southwestern Colorado contains a large number of past-producing metal mines that have affected the watershed. Beginning in October 1996, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) began a collaborative study of these effects under the USGS-AML Initiative. In this report, we present the radionuclide and geochemical analytical results of sediment coring during 1997-1999 from two cores from oxbow lakes 0.5 mi. upstream from the 32nd Street Bridge near Durango, Colo., and from three cores from beaver ponds within the Mineral Creek drainage basin near Silverton, Colo.

  12. In Planta Transformation of Dendrobium nobile by Ovary-Injection of Agrobacterium%农杆菌子房注射法对金钗石斛的活体转化研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘其府; 董会; 曾宋君; 陈之林; 吴坤林; 张建霞; 段俊

    2013-01-01

    Dendrobium nobile was transformed by ovary-injection of Agrobacterium.After artificial pollination in 10,20,30,40,45,50 and 60 d,EHA105 (pCAMBIA1301) harboring both β-glucuronidase gene (GUS) and hpt was injected into the ovary.The seeds of split fruit of D.nobile were cultured on the N16 culture medium by aseptic processing and detected by GUS expression.Forty-five days after cultured,the protocorms were diverted to N16 medium with hygromycin to gain hygromycin-resistance protocorms,then four randomly selected hygromycin-resistance protocorms were detected by PCR analysis.The study showed that ovary-injection of agrobacterium had harmful effects on the fruit development and seed formation.Ovary-injection of agrobacterium after artificial pollination 45 d had the highest efficiency,18% seeds from the injected position showing GUS expression.Eleven hygromycin-resistant plants were gained in this study,and four randomly selected hygromycin-resistant plants were detected by PCR analysis and all of them were positive.The results showed that ovary-injection of agrobacterium transformation had advantages in genetic transformation of orchids.%对金钗石斛Dendrobium nobile进行人工自花授粉,在授粉之后10、20、30、40、45、50和60d分别将工程化根癌农杆菌Agrobacterium tumefaciens EHA105(pCAMBIA1301)直接注射入子房内部.150 d后,金钗石斛蒴果成熟,摘取果实,进行种子β-葡萄糖苷酸酶(GUS)染色、无菌播种、潮霉素筛选以及PCR检测试验.结果表明:子房注射对果实发育具有较大影响,在授粉后10 ~30 d进行子房注射后,果实脱落;在授粉后45 d进行子房注射,成熟果实注射部位的种子GUS染色率最高,可达18%;无菌播种之后,经潮霉素筛选,获得11株幼苗,每株植株均表现出GUS染色反应;随机挑选4株幼苗进行PCR检测,发现均能扩增出预期条带,说明外源基因已经整合到植株基因组内.农杆菌子房注射法在兰科植物转

  13. Animação digital para apresentação da química no cotidiano

    OpenAIRE

    Sousa, Diogo Bacellar

    2014-01-01

    A grande presença das Tecnologias da Informação e da Comunição em nosso dia-a-dia nos impõe uma nova visão de mundo, integrada, tecnológica e acessível. O uso do computador pelas pessoas possui diversas funções e aplicabilidade. Viver nessa sociedade digital exige habilidades para que o processo da informatização possa ter proveitos no campo da educação, exigindo do professor o desenvolver de novas estratégias para utilização deste recurso. Nesse sentido questionamos se animações digitais sim...

  14. Formation of mixed Al-Fe colloidal sorbent and dissolved-colloidal partitioning of Cu and Zn in the Cement Creek - Animas River Confluence, Silverton, Colorado

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schemel, Laurence E. [US Geological Survey, Water Resources Division, 345 Middlefield Road, MS 439, Menlo Park, CA 94025 (United States)]. E-mail: lschemel@usgs.gov; Kimball, Briant A. [US Geological Survey, Water Resources Division, 2329 Orton Circle, Salt Lake City, UT 84119-2047 (United States); Runkel, Robert L. [US Geological Survey, Water Resources Division, Denver Federal Center, MS 415, Lakewood, CO 80225 (United States); Cox, Marisa H. [US Geological Survey, Water Resources Division, 345 Middlefield Road, MS 439, Menlo Park, CA 94025 (United States)

    2007-07-15

    Transport and chemical transformations of dissolved and colloidal Al, Fe, Cu and Zn were studied by detailed sampling in the mixing zone downstream from the confluence of Cement Creek (pH 4.1) with the Animas River (pH 7.6). Complete mixing resulted in circumneutral pH in the downstream reach of the 1300 m study area. All four metals were transported through this mixing zone without significant losses to the streambed, and they exhibited transformations from dissolved to colloidal forms to varying degrees during the mixing process. Nearly all of the Al formed colloidal hydrous Al oxides (HAO) as pH increased (4.8-6.5), whereas colloidal hydrous Fe oxides (HFO) were supplied by Cement Creek as well as formed in the mixing zone primarily at higher pH (>6.5). The short travel time through the mixing zone (approx. 40 min) and pH limited the formation of HFO from dissolved Fe{sup 2+} supplied by Cement Creek. Although the proportions of HAO and HFO varied as the streams mixed, the colloidal sorbent typically was enriched in HAO relative to HFO by a factor of 1.5-2.1 (by mole) in the pH range where dissolved-to-colloidal partitioning of Cu and Zn was observed. Model simulations of sorption by HFO (alone) greatly underestimated the dissolved-to-colloidal partitioning of Zn. Previous studies have shown that HAO-HFO mixtures can sorb greater amounts of Zn than HFO alone, but the high Zn-to-sorbent ratio in this mixing zone could also account for greater partitioning. In contrast to Zn, comparisons with model simulations did not show that Cu sorption was greater than that for HFO alone, and also indicated that sorption was possibly less than what would be expected for a non-interactive mixture of these two sorbents. These field results for Cu, however, might be influenced by (organic) complexation or other factors in this natural system. Laboratory mixing experiments using natural source waters (upstream of the confluence) showed that the presence of HFO in the mixed sorbent

  15. Formation of mixed Al-Fe colloidal sorbent and dissolved-colloidal partitioning of Cu and Zn in the Cement Creek - Animas River Confluence, Silverton, Colorado

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schemel, L.E.; Kimball, B.A.; Runkel, R.L.; Cox, M.H.

    2007-01-01

    Transport and chemical transformations of dissolved and colloidal Al, Fe, Cu and Zn were studied by detailed sampling in the mixing zone downstream from the confluence of Cement Creek (pH 4.1) with the Animas River (pH 7.6). Complete mixing resulted in circumneutral pH in the downstream reach of the 1300 m study area. All four metals were transported through this mixing zone without significant losses to the streambed, and they exhibited transformations from dissolved to colloidal forms to varying degrees during the mixing process. Nearly all of the Al formed colloidal hydrous Al oxides (HAO) as pH increased (4.8-6.5), whereas colloidal hydrous Fe oxides (HFO) were supplied by Cement Creek as well as formed in the mixing zone primarily at higher pH (>6.5). The short travel time through the mixing zone (approx. 40 min) and pH limited the formation of HFO from dissolved Fe2+ supplied by Cement Creek. Although the proportions of HAO and HFO varied as the streams mixed, the colloidal sorbent typically was enriched in HAO relative to HFO by a factor of 1.5-2.1 (by mole) in the pH range where dissolved-to-colloidal partitioning of Cu and Zn was observed. Model simulations of sorption by HFO (alone) greatly underestimated the dissolved-to-colloidal partitioning of Zn. Previous studies have shown that HAO-HFO mixtures can sorb greater amounts of Zn than HFO alone, but the high Zn-to-sorbent ratio in this mixing zone could also account for greater partitioning. In contrast to Zn, comparisons with model simulations did not show that Cu sorption was greater than that for HFO alone, and also indicated that sorption was possibly less than what would be expected for a non-interactive mixture of these two sorbents. These field results for Cu, however, might be influenced by (organic) complexation or other factors in this natural system. Laboratory mixing experiments using natural source waters (upstream of the confluence) showed that the presence of HFO in the mixed sorbent

  16. La influencia de la medicina árabe en la interpretación de avarroes al de anima de Aristóteles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Farjeat, Luis Xavier López

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Neste trabalho apresento algumas contribuições de Averróis a respeito de problemas relativos à psicologia e à medicina. Minha intenção é estabelecer algumas relações entre os comentários ao De anima e os tratados de medicina. O itinerário é o seguinte: a Mostrarei que, tal como Aristóteles, Averróis concebe a alma como um conjunto de capacidades biológicas; b De anima é um tratado de biologia e, por isso, podemos encontrar nele algumas considerações que devem ser entendidas a partir de um ponto de vista médico, especialmente a partir da contribuição árabe para a anatomia. é necessário, pois, acentuar a importância dos nervos e do cérebro para compreender a estreita relação entre o De anima e o Livro de Medicina. Haveremos de constatar que Averróis não compreende a alma como um 'principio espiritual', como semelhante a algo gerado, que torna possível diversas funções biológicas, desde a vegetativa e a sensitiva, até a intelectual. Assim, Averróis nega a concepção neoplatônica da alma como algo separado do corpo. Averróis explica que a alma é e concretização do processo biológico chamado 'vida'

  17. Genesis 3 - Plate forme pour la création musicale à l'aide des modèles physiques CORDIS-ANIMA

    OpenAIRE

    Castagné, Nicolas; Cadoz, Claude

    2009-01-01

    Session: " Plates-formes pour la diffusion et pour la création "; National audience; GENESIS3 est une toute nouvelle version de l'environnement GENESIS pour la création musicale à l'aide les modèles physiques masse-interaction CORDIS-ANIMA. Elle a été conçue avec un recul de plus de dix années sur l'ancienne version et ses utilisations. Nous profitons de la sortie de GENESIS3 pour présenter une analyse du " paradigme logiciel " porté par GENESIS, en particulier en ce qui concerne les fonction...

  18. Van der Waals effect in weak adsorption affecting trends in adsorption, reactivity, and the view of substrate nobility

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kelkkanen, Kari André; Lundqvist, Bengt; Nørskov, Jens Kehlet

    2011-01-01

    The ubiquitous van der Waals (vdW) force, particularly discernible in weak adsorption, is studied on noble and transition metals. In calculations with the vdW density functional (DF) [ M. Dion et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 246401 (2004)], the atomic structure near the adsorption site is systematic......The ubiquitous van der Waals (vdW) force, particularly discernible in weak adsorption, is studied on noble and transition metals. In calculations with the vdW density functional (DF) [ M. Dion et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 246401 (2004)], the atomic structure near the adsorption site...

  19. Net Acid Production, Acid Neutralizing Capacity, and Associated Mineralogical and Geochemical Characteristics of Animas River Watershed Igneous Rocks Near Silverton, Colorado

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yager, Douglas B.; Choate, LaDonna; Stanton, Mark R.

    2008-01-01

    This report presents results from laboratory and field studies involving the net acid production (NAP), acid neutralizing capacity (ANC), and magnetic mineralogy of 27 samples collected in altered volcanic terrain in the upper Animas River watershed near Silverton, Colo., during the summer of 2005. Sampling focused mainly on the volumetrically important, Tertiary-age volcanic and plutonic rocks that host base- and precious-metal mineralization in the study area. These rocks were analyzed to determine their potential for neutralization of acid-rock drainage. Rocks in the study area have been subjected to a regional propylitic alteration event, which introduced calcite, chlorite (clinochlore), and epidote that have varying amounts and rates of acid neutralizing capacity (ANC). Locally, hydrothermal alteration has consumed any ANC and introduced minerals, mainly pyrite, that have a high net acid production (NAP). Laboratory studies included hydrogen pyroxide (H2O2) acid digestion and subsequent sodium hydroxide (NaOH) titration to determine NAP, and sulfuric acid (H2SO4) acid titration experiments to determine ANC. In addition to these environmental rock-property determinations, mineralogical, chemical, and petrographic characteristics of each sample were determined through semiquantitative X-ray diffractometry (Rietveld method), optical mineralogy, wavelength dispersive X-ray fluorescence, total carbon-carbonate, and inductively coupled plasma?mass spectrometric analysis. An ANC ranking was assigned to rock samples based on calculated ANC quantity in kilograms/ton (kg/t) calcium carbonate equivalent and ratios of ANC to NAP. Results show that talus near the southeast Silverton caldera margin, composed of andesite clasts of the Burns Member of the Silverton Volcanics, has the highest ANC (>100 kg/t calcium carbonate equivalent) with little to no NAP. The other units found to have moderate to high ANC include (a) andesite lavas and volcaniclastic rocks of the San Juan

  20. Multiple applications of the U.S. EPA 1312 leach procedure to mine waste from the animas watershed, SW Colorado

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fey, D.L.; Church, S.E.; Driscoll, R.L.; Adams, M.G.

    2011-01-01

    Eleven acid-sulphate and quartz-sericite-pyrite altered mine waste samples from the Animas River watershed in SW Colorado were subjected to a series of 5 to 6 successive leaches using the US EPA 1312 leach protocol to evaluate the transport of metals and loss of acidity from mine wastes as a function of time. Multi-acid digestion ICP-AES analyses, X-ray diffraction (XRD) mineral identification, total sulphur, and net acid potential (NAP) determinations were performed on the initial starting materials. Multiple leaching steps generally showed a 'flushing' effect, whereby elements loosely bound, presumably as water-soluble salts, were removed. Aluminum, Cd, Fe, Mg, Mn, Sr, Zn, and S showed decreasing concentration trends, whereas Cu concentrations showed initially decreasing trends, followed by increasing trends in later steps. Concentrations of Zn in the first leach step were independent of whole-sample Zn content. Lead and Ba concentrations consistently increased with each step, indicating that anglesite (PbSO4) and barite (BaSO4), respectively, were dissolving in successive leach steps. Comparison of Fe content with NAP resulted in a modest correlation. However, using the S analyses and XRD identification of sulphide minerals to apportion S amongst enargite, barite, anglesite/galena, and sphalerite, and assigning the remaining S to pyrite, provided a useful correlation between estimated pyrite content and NAP. Whole-sample mass loss correlated well with NAP, but individual elements' behaviors varied between positive correlation (e.g. Al, Fe, Mg), no apparent correlation (Ca, Cd, Pb, Zn), and negative correlation (Cu). Comparison of the summed titrated acidities of the leachates with the whole-sample NAP values yielded an estimate of the fraction of NAP consumed, and led to an estimate of the time it would take to consume the sample acidity by weathering. We estimate, on the basis of these experiments, the acidity in the upper 30 cm would be consumed in 200

  1. Multiple applications of the U.S. EPA 1312 leach procedure to mine waste from the Animas watershed, SW Colorado

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fey, David L.; Church, Stanley E.; Driscoll, Rhonda L.; Adams, Monique G.

    2011-01-01

    Eleven acid-sulphate and quartz-sericite-pyrite altered mine waste samples from the Animas River watershed in SW Colorado were subjected to a series of 5 to 6 successive leaches using the US EPA 1312 leach protocol to evaluate the transport of metals and loss of acidity from mine wastes as a function of time. Multi-acid digestion ICP-AES analyses, X-ray diffraction (XRD) mineral identification, total sulphur, and net acid potential (NAP) determinations were performed on the initial starting materials. Multiple leaching steps generally showed a 'flushing' effect, whereby elements loosely bound, presumably as water-soluble salts, were removed. Aluminum, Cd, Fe, Mg, Mn, Sr, Zn, and S showed decreasing concentration trends, whereas Cu concentrations showed initially decreasing trends, followed by increasing trends in later steps. Concentrations of Zn in the first leach step were independent of whole-sample Zn content. Lead and Ba concentrations consistently increased with each step, indicating that anglesite (PbSO4) and barite (BaSO4), respectively, were dissolving in successive leach steps. Comparison of Fe content with NAP resulted in a modest correlation. However, using the S analyses and XRD identification of sulphide minerals to apportion S amongst enargite, barite, anglesite/galena, and sphalerite, and assigning the remaining S to pyrite, provided a useful correlation between estimated pyrite content and NAP. Whole-sample mass loss correlated well with NAP, but individual elements' behaviors varied between positive correlation (e.g. Al, Fe, Mg), no apparent correlation (Ca, Cd, Pb, Zn), and negative correlation (Cu). Comparison of the summed titrated acidities of the leachates with the whole-sample NAP values yielded an estimate of the fraction of NAP consumed, and led to an estimate of the time it would take to consume the sample acidity by weathering. We estimate, on the basis of these experiments, the acidity in the upper 30 cm would be consumed in 200–1000

  2. Acid neutralizing capacity and leachate results for igneous rocks, with associated carbon contents of derived soils, Animas River AML site, Silverton, Colorado

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yager, Douglas B.; Stanton, Mark R.; Choate, LaDonna M.; Burchell,

    2009-01-01

    Mine planning efforts have historically overlooked the possible acid neutralizing capacity (ANC) that local igneous rocks can provide to help neutralize acidmine drainage. As a result, limestone has been traditionally hauled to mine sites for use in neutralizing acid drainage. Local igneous rocks, when used as part of mine life-cycle planning and acid mitigation strategy, may reduce the need to transport limestone to mine sites because these rocks can contain acid neutralizing minerals. Igneous hydrothermal events often introduce moderately altered mineral assemblages peripheral to more intensely altered rocks that host metal-bearing veins and ore bodies. These less altered rocks can contain ANC minerals (calcite-chlorite-epidote) and are referred to as a propylitic assemblage. In addition, the carbon contents of soils in areas of new mining or those areas undergoing restoration have been historically unknown. Soil organic carbon is an important constituent to characterize as a soil recovery benchmark that can be referred to during mine cycle planning and restoration. This study addresses the mineralogy, ANC, and leachate chemistry of propylitic volcanic rocks that host polymetallic mineralization in the Animas River watershed near the historical Silverton, Colorado, mining area. Acid titration tests on volcanic rocks containing calcite (2 – 20 wt %) and chlorite (6 – 25 wt %), have ANC ranging from 4 – 146 kg/ton CaCO3 equivalence. Results from a 6-month duration, kinetic reaction vessel test containing layered pyritic mine waste and underlying ANC volcanic rock (saturated with deionized water) indicate that acid generating mine waste (pH 2.4) has not overwhelmed the ANC of propylitic volcanic rocks (pH 5.8). Sequential leachate laboratory experiments evaluated the concentration of metals liberated during leaching. Leachate concentrations of Cu-Zn-As-Pb for ANC volcanic rock are one-to-three orders of magnitude lower when compared to leached solution from

  3. Application of Field Ionization Technology in Analysis for Chamaemelum nobile by GC-TOF-MS%场电离技术在果香菊GC-TOF-MS联用分析中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李忠; 黄静; 芦燕玲; 冯文; 郭生云

    2013-01-01

    In order to discuss the applicability of field ionization technology in analysis field, volatile compositions of aromatic plants-Chamaemelum nobile(L.)A11 were taken as the object of the research. Volatile compounds of Chamaemelum nobile(L.)A11 extracted by microwave was analyzed by GC-EI-TOF MS combined with GOFI-TOF MS. Twelve volatile contituents are isolated by chromatograph and identified using El ionization model from Chamaemelum nobile(L.) All. Eleven contituents are verified by using FI ionization model, in addition, the advantages and disadvantages of field ionization are discussed. GC-FI-TOF HRMS has certain applicability in qualitative analysis and quantitative analysis on the research for volatile compounds of aromatic plants, which can replenish the compounds information obtained by GC-EI-TOF MS.%为了探讨场电离技术在质谱分析中应用的适用性,以芳香性植物果香菊的挥发性成分为研究对象,采用微波萃取法对果香菊的挥发性成分进行提取,利用GC-EI-TOF-MS结合GC-FI-TOF-MS技术对果香菊挥发性成分进行分析研究.果香菊的乙醇溶剂提取物经色谱进样分离,用EI电离模式鉴定了12种挥发性化合物,用FI电离模式验证了11种化合物.结果表明,场电离技术作为一种辅助手段应用于挥发性成分定性定量分析领域具有一定的适用性,该方法能补充GC-EI-TOF MS联用技术中的定性化合物信息.

  4. Effect of Dehydration Temperature on Essential Oil Content of Dried Matricaria chamomilla L.Nobile Flowers%不同干燥温度对西洋甘菊花及其精油的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    雷伏贵; 周建金; 曹奕鸯; 胡启镔; 叶炜; 江金兰; 李永清

    2015-01-01

    Effect of dehydration temperature on the essential oil content of the dried Matricaria chamomilla L. Nobile flowers was studied.The chemical composition of the dried flowers was determined by means of steam distillation and GC-MS analysis.The experimental results indicated that the essential oil contents in the dried flowers dehydrated at various temperatures ranked as follows:0.134% at 60℃>0.117% at 55℃>0.115% at 50℃>0.102% at 25℃ (control)>0.099% at 45℃>0.097% at 40℃.The best fragrance retention was achieved by drying the flowers at 55℃ or 60℃ for 16 h.The best product appearance was resulted from dehydration at 45℃, 50℃ or 55℃.At 40℃,the dried flowers were least appealing.The compounds extracted included 8 alcohols,which contributed 45.97%-63.01% of the total essential oils,and were higher when the dehydration temperature of 25℃or 50℃ was applied.The 10 alkenes in the extract accounted for 17.46%-33.21% of the essential oils,and were higher in the flowers dried at 55℃ or 60℃.And,the essential oils consisted 16.12% -17.67% of chamazulene, and were higher in the flowers dried at 25℃ or 60℃.%采用水蒸气蒸馏法和气相色谱-质谱(GC-MS)联用技术研究不同干燥温度对西洋甘菊花、精油含有率及其成分的影响,结果表明:干燥温度对西洋甘菊干花精油含有率的影响排序为 A1(60℃,0.134%)>A2(55℃,0.117%)> A3(50℃,0.115%)> CK (25℃,0.102%)> A4(45℃,0.099%)> A5(40℃,0.097%);留香干燥以55~60℃为好,干燥时间以16 h 为宜;外观品相以45、50、55℃烘干品最好,60℃次之,40℃和阴干品最差;醇类物质8个,占总含量的45.97%~63.01%,以阴干品和50℃烘干品的含量较高;烯类物质10个,占总含量的17.46%~33.21%,以55℃和60℃烘干品的含量较高;母菊?占总含量的16.12%~17.67%,以阴干品和60℃烘干品的含量较高。

  5. From substantival to functional vitalism and beyond: animas, organisms and attitudes.

    OpenAIRE

    Wolfe, Charles T.

    2011-01-01

    I distinguish between ‘substantival’ and ‘functional’ forms of vitalism in the eighteenth century. Substantival vitalism presupposes the existence of a (substantive) vital force which either plays a causal role in the natural world as studied scientifically, or remains an immaterial, extra-causal entity. Functional vitalism tends to operate ‘post facto’, from the existence of living bodies to the search for explanatory models that will account for their uniquely ‘vital’ properties better than...

  6. From substantival to functional vitalism and beyond: animas, organisms and attitudes.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Charles T. Wolfe

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available I distinguish between ‘substantival’ and ‘functional’ forms of vitalism in the eighteenth century. Substantival vitalism presupposes the existence of a (substantive vital force which either plays a causal role in the natural world as studied scientifically, or remains an immaterial, extra-causal entity. Functional vitalism tends to operate ‘post facto’, from the existence of living bodies to the search for explanatory models that will account for their uniquely ‘vital’ properties better than fully mechanistic models can. I discuss representative figures of the Montpellier school (Bordeu, Ménuret, Fouquet as functional rather than substantival vitalists, and suggest an additional point regarding the reprisal of vitalism(s in the 20th century, from Driesch to Canguilhem: that in addition to the substantival and functional varieties, we encounter a third species of vitalism, which I term ‘attitudinal’, as it argues for vitalism as a kind of attitude.

  7. Plano de negócio : empresa no setor da restauração e animação

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    Mestrado em Ciências Empresariais O presente trabalho vem no seguimento do Trabalho Final de Mestrado do curso de Ciências Empresariais do ISEG. O seu principal objetivo é a elaboração de um plano de negócios no setor da restauração e animação, e a avaliação do mesmo a nível técnico, económico e financeiro. Numa primeira fase, foi efetuada uma análise contextual à envolvente onde a empresa proposta se insere e, em seguida, analisado o setor onde esta se inclui. Posteriormente, realizou...

  8. Alteration Map Showing Major Faults and Veins and Associated Water-Quality Signatures of the Animas River Watershed Headwaters Near Silverton, Southwest Colorado

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bove, Dana J.; Yager, Douglas B.; Mast, M. Alisa; Dalton, J. Brad

    2007-01-01

    This map was produced to provide hard-copy and digital data for alteration assemblages in the historical mining area centered on the Tertiary San Juan and Silverton calderas. The data have direct application to geoenvironmental and mineral exploration objectives. This dataset represents alteration mapping for the upper Animas River watershed near Silverton, Colorado. The map is based on detailed 1:12,000-scale field mapping, X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis, mineral mapping by remote sensing (AVIRIS) data, and 1:24,000-scale aerial photographic interpretation. Geologic structures were compiled and generalized from multiple published and unpublished sources (Burbank and Luedke, 1964; Steven and others, 1974; Luedke and Burbank 1975a, b; Lipman, 1976; Luedke and Burbank, 1987; Luedke, 1996) (see Index Map). Unpublished mapping of the Ironton quadrangle by D.J. Bove and J.P. Kurtz in 1997-1999 was included.

  9. Application of Tracer-Injection Techniques to Demonstrate Surface-Water and Ground-Water Interactions Between an Alpine Stream and the North Star Mine, Upper Animas River Watershed, Southwestern Colorado

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wright, Winfield G.; Moore, Bryan

    2003-01-01

    Tracer-injection studies were done in Belcher Gulch in the upper Animas River watershed, southwestern Colorado, to determine whether the alpine stream infiltrates into underground mine workings of the North Star Mine and other nearby mines in the area. The tracer-injection studies were designed to determine if and where along Belcher Gulch the stream infiltrates into the mine. Four separate tracer-injec-tion tests were done using lithium bromide (LiBr), optical brightener dye, and sodium chloride (NaCl) as tracer solu-tions. Two of the tracers (LiBr and dye) were injected con-tinuously for 24 hours, one of the NaCl tracers was injected continuously for 12 hours, and one of the NaCl tracers was injected over a period of 1 hour. Concentration increases of tracer constituents were detected in water discharging from the North Star Mine, substantiating a surface-water and ground-water connection between Belcher Gulch and the North Star Mine. Different timing and magnitude of tracer breakthroughs indicated multiple flow paths with different residence times from the stream to the mine. The Pittsburgh and Sultan Mines were thought to physically connect to the North Star Mine, but tracer breakthroughs were inconclusive in water from these mines. From the tracer-injection tests and synoptic measure-ments of streamflow discharge, a conceptual model was devel-oped for surface-water and ground-water interactions between Belcher Gulch and the North Star Mine. This information, combined with previous surface geophysical surveys indicat-ing the presence of subsurface voids, may assist with decision-making process for preventing infiltration and for the remedia-tion of mine drainage from these mines.

  10. O aprendiz de feiticeiro: Walt Disney e a experiência norte-americana nodesenvolvimento da expressão cinematográfica docinema de animação

    OpenAIRE

    Wander Lucio Araujo Quintao

    2007-01-01

    Analisa a contribuição de Walt Disney e de seus colaboradores no desenvolvimento da expressão cinematográfica do cinema de animação, a partir da elaboração do panorama histórico, técnico e estético do filme animado. O período estudado abrange o início do século XX, na Europa, até o final da década de 1930, nos Estados Unidos da América, desde o surgimento das técnicas rudimentares de animação, com os seus descobridores e principais divulgadores, até os curtas-metragens animados pelos estúdios...

  11. GRED STUDIES AND DRILLING OF AMERICULTURE STATE 2, AMERICULTURE TILAPIA FARM LIGHTNING DOCK KGRA, ANIMAS VALLEY, NM

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Witcher, James

    2006-08-01

    This report summarizes the GRED drilling operations in the AmeriCulture State 2 well with an overview of the preliminary geologic and geothermal findings, from drill cuttings, core, geophysical logs and water geochemical sampling.

  12. Primary Study on Photosynthetic Characteristics of Dendrobium nobile%金钗石斛光合作用特征的初步研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苏文华; 张光飞

    2003-01-01

    利用LiCor-6400光合测定系统测定了不同天气条件下,金钗石斛叶片24 h CO2吸收的动态变化,以及CO2吸收对有效光合辐射的响应.结果表明:晴天,白天和夜间金钗石斛都能吸收CO2,中午有光下呼吸现象,CO2的交换方式具景天酸代谢途径(CAM)的特点;阴雨天,中午没有光下呼吸现象,白天都在吸收CO2,夜间21∶ 00仍有CO2吸收,23∶ 00以后至次日凌晨处于暗呼吸状态.金钗石斛叶片CO2吸收对光照强度的效应表现出强光抑制现象,饱和光照强度为1000 μmol/m2 s.叶片受到强光照射后,光合饱和点降低,CO2吸收速率下降.说明金钗石斛是兼性景天酸代谢植物,随着环境条件的变化,光合作用可在CAM途径与C3途径间变化,这一光合特性可能是金钗石斛适应需荫环境和生长缓慢、稀少的主要原因之一.

  13. On the Time of the Intellect: The Interpretation of De Anima 3.6 (43ob 7-20) in Renaissance and Early Modern Italian Philosophy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dubouclez, Olivier

    2015-01-01

    This article argues that an original debate over the relationship between time and the intellect took place in Northern Italy in the second half of the sixteenth century, which was part of a broader reflection on the temporality of human mental acts. While human intellectual activity was said to be 'above time' during the Middle Ages, Renaissance scholars such as Marcantonio Genua (1491-1563), Giulio Castellani (1528-1586), Antonio Montecatini (1537-1599) and Francesco Piccolomini (1520-1604), greatly influenced by the Simplician and Alexandrist interpretations of Aristotle's works, proposed alterna- tive conceptions based on the interpretation of De anima 3.6 (430b 7-20) according to which intellectual acts happen in a both 'undivided' and 'divisible time'. In order to explain Aristotle's puzzling claim, they were led to conceive of intellectual activity as a process similar to sensation, corresponding to a certain lapse of time (Castellani), an instant (Montecatini), or a mix of instantaneousness and concrete duration (Piccolomini), depending on their theoretical options.

  14. Potências animadas do traço: fixidez e animação da caricatura no humor gráfico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Benjamim Picado

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo pretende examinar certos aspectos das relações entre o desenho e a representação de ações, a partir de um exame sobre tirinhas diárias. Estamos especialmente preocupados com a complementaridade entre os traços estilísticos da caricatura e a questão da compreensão sobre a animação potencial de sua apresentação plástica. Trabalhada a partir do sentido de mudança e de expressividade de seus motivos, a representação fisionômica na caricatura cumpre funções preparatórias para os regimes de significação narrativa na arte sequencial. Numa tal perspectiva, a morfologia dos caracteres do humor gráfico seria mais bem explanada se sua graça cômica fosse considerada como parte do problema geral de um estilo “lacunar” ou “expressivo” da caricatura.

  15. Comunicação de marketing online – avaliação dos websites de empresas de animação turística em Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Rafael, Célia Maria da Conceição Salmim; Ferraz, Francisco António Vaz Guedes Delgado

    2012-01-01

    Comunicação apresentada na ICTR – Conferência Internacional de Animação Turística - International Conference on Tourism Recreation, ESTM, Peniche, 2012. A necessidade de interação das organizações empresariais com os seus stakeholders no desenvolvimento de estratégias aplicadas ao negócio, leva a uma procura de processos inovadores de comunicação com recurso às Novas Tecnologias de Informação e Comunicação (NTIC). O uso massificado e a popularização da Internet, permite a utiliza...

  16. Heroínas - da submissão à ação: uma análise junguiana de personagens em filme de animação

    OpenAIRE

    Bilotta, Fernanda Aprile

    2010-01-01

    Esta dissertação tem como objetivo analisar a trajetória de algumas heroínas dos filmes infantis de animação produzidos pelos estúdios Walt Disney Pictures e Dreamworks Pictures no período de 1937 a 2007. Busca-se, portanto, identificar quais são os comportamentos e temas propagados pelas protagonistas dos filmes: Branca de Neve e os Sete Anões (Walt Disney Pictures, 1937) Cinderela (Walt Disney Pictures, 1950), A Bela Adormecida (Walt Disney Pictures, 1959), A Pequena Sereia (Walt Disney Pic...

  17. Effect of Dendrobium Nobile Lindl Decoction on Expression of PPARγin Diabetic Nephropathy Rat Kidney%金钗石斛水煎剂对糖尿病肾病大鼠肾脏PPARγ表达的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘园园; 张艳磊; 何晓然; 李小琼; 唐彦萍

    2014-01-01

    目的:通过观察金钗石斛水煎剂对糖尿病肾病( DN )大鼠肾皮质过氧化物酶体增殖物激活受体γ( PPARγ)表达的影响,探讨其对DN的保护作用及相关机制。方法将60只健康 SD 大鼠随机分为6组,每组10只:正常对照组( NC组),模型对照组( DN组),罗格列酮组( RGZ组),金钗石斛小剂量( LD)、中剂量( MD)、大剂量( HD)干预组。在大鼠糖尿病造模成功后各组分别给药12周,观察大鼠肾脏病理、Real_time PCR法检测大鼠肾皮质PPARγ mRNA表达、Western blot法检测大鼠肾皮质中PPARγ蛋白表达的情况。结果金钗石斛水煎剂能明显改善糖尿病大鼠肾脏基底膜增厚及足突增粗融合;增加DN大鼠肾皮质中PPARγ mRNA及蛋白的表达(P<0.05或P<0.01)。结论金钗石斛水煎剂可以减轻DN大鼠的肾损伤,其机制可能与上调DN大鼠肾皮质中PPARγ表达有关。%Objective To exPlore the ProtectiVe mechanism of Dendrobium nobile lindl ( DNL ) decoction on the exPression of Peroxisome Proliferator actiVated recePtor gamma ( PPARγ) in the renal cortex of diabetic nePhroPathy ( DN) rats. Methods Sixty SD rats were randomly diVided into six grouPs (n=10 Per grouP) as follows: normal control grouP (NC), diabetic nePhroPathy control grouP ( DN) ,rosiglitazone grouP ( RGZ) ,the Dendrobium nobile lindl low ( LD) ,medium ( MD) and high ( HD) dose grouPs. After DN rat model was established, the rats were administrated with resPectiVe medications for 12 weeks,resPectiVely. The renal Pathology of rats was obserVed. The mRNA and Protein exPression of PPARγ in the renal cortex were detected via Real_time PCR and Western blotting,resPectiVely. Results High dose DNL decoction significantly alleViated thickening of kidney tissue basement membrane and fusion of foot Process in model rats. The leVels of PPARγmRNA and Protein exPression in the MD and HD grouPs were significantly increased as comPared with the DN grouP (P<0. 05,P<0

  18. Interim report on the scientific investigations in the Animas River watershed, Colorado to facilitate remediation decisions by the U.S. Bureau of Land Management and the U.S. Forest Service, March 29, 2000 meeting, Denver, Colorado

    Science.gov (United States)

    ,

    2000-01-01

    presumed to be impacted by historical mining activities. The Animas River watershed (fig. 1) was selected by the State and Federal agencies as one of two watersheds in the U.S. to be studied in detail by the USGS in the AML Initiative. Beginning in October 1997, each of the four Divisions of the USGS (Water Resources, Geologic, Biological Resources, and National Mapping) initiated a collaborative integrated science study of the watershed. Funds were provided from USGS base funding to each of the four Divisions in response to the priorities set by Congressional action and within the flexibility provided by the budgetary framework funding individual research programs. The AML Initiative provides for a five-year focused scientific effort in the two watersheds with final synthesis of the scientific results from each to be published in 2001. Publications are released on the AML web site on a regular basis (http://amli.usgs.gov/amli). On March 29, 2000, the USGS hosted a meeting for the BLM and USFS to discuss remediation options that were under consideration for the summer of 2000. The purpose of this report is to provide an overview of the scientific rational provided by the USGS to meet objective one above, and to summarize our preliminary interpretations of our data. Additional information from sites on private lands have been collected by the State of Colorado, EPA, and the ARSG. Unfortunately, these data have not been fully supplied to the USGS so our conclusions are based only upon our data. These interpretations provide science-based constraints on possible remediation options to be considered by the FLMA, the State, and local property owners in the Animas River watershed. The report is presented in outline format to facilitate discussion of remediation options at the March 29, 2000 meeting. Not all historical mining sites within the watershed are on public lands. This should not be construed to be a final report of the USGS

  19. Geothermal studies in southwest New Mexico: technical completion report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Swanberg, C.A.

    1976-11-01

    The research that has been conducted consists of three parts: (1) A detailed water chemistry study of thermal and non thermal waters in Dona Ana County, (2) a reconnaissance water chemistry study of the hot springs of southwest New Mexico, and (3) a detailed gravity and magnetic study of the Lightning Dock KGRA (Known Geothermal Resource Area) located in the Animas Valley of southwest New Mexico. The principal features resulting from this state supported research program are presented.

  20. The education of the navarrese nobility during the Early modern age La educación de la nobleza navarra durante la modernidad

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pablo ORDUNA PORTÚS

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 21 false false false ES X-NONE X-NONE MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Tabla normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-qformat:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin-top:0cm; mso-para-margin-right:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:10.0pt; mso-para-margin-left:0cm; line-height:115%; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif"; mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast; mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;} During the Modern Agem, classrooms of different schools were attended by descendants of the most and less important noble houses of Navarre. Their education was intended to offer access to a post in the administration, both in Navarra and the rest of the territories of the Monarchy. This study focuses on the different educational systems to the local elites, regardless of sex or lineage. Educational quality and to train members of this group was predominantly an investment and privilege with difficult barriers to cross.Durante la Edad Moderna, las aulas de los diferentes centros de enseñanza estuvieron concurridas por los descendientes de las más y menos importantes casas nobiliarias navarras. Su educación estuvo destinada a ofrecerles el posterior acceso a un cargo en la Administración, tanto en Navarra como en el resto de territorios de la Monarquía. El presente trabajo versa sobre los diferentes sistemas educativos a los que optaron estas élites locales desde su más tierna infancia, independientemente de su sexo o linaje. Centros de enseñanza de calidad, ya que la formación de los miembros de este

  1. An Archetypal Interpretation on Ophelia-Hamlet's Anima%原形分析对奥菲利亚的解读——"哈姆雷特的阿尼玛"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于雯

    2008-01-01

    This paper contends that in Hamlet's character, there's a distinctive trait of feminity displayed through his delay of revenge, melancholy, and irresolution, while Ophelia on the other hand who is an embodiment of feminity and has no definite identity of herself serves as the anima of Hamlet. From the perspective of Carl June's Anima Theory, the pa-per applies textual analysis to illustrate that Ophelia like Hamlet who also suffers from the death of a father and madness plays a juxtaposing role with Hamlet and it suggests that Ophelia projects the feminine image in Hamlet's character. There-fore, the final death of Ophelia implies the destruction of Hamlet's feminine side, which enables him to completely resume his masculinity, and take action against his enemies.%本文认为哈姆雷特的忧郁、优柔寡断,以及缺乏行动的果断力是他女性气质的体现.根据荣格的原形分析理论中的阿尼玛理论可得出与哈姆雷特相恋,并同样遭遇丧父以及疯癌的奥菲利亚与哈姆雷特形成并置.这一充满女性象征意义的形象是哈姆雷特女性气质的投射,即哈姆雷特个性中的阿尼玛.因此,奥菲利亚之死即象征着哈姆雷特个性中女性气质的消亡,从而使其得以恢复男性的阳刚之气成功复仇.

  2. Dança e Animação Cultural: " Improvisações" Dance and Recreation: “Improvisations” Danza y Animación cultural: “Improvisaciones”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available Entre nossas propostas de trabalho está a de melhor compreender os mecanismos e as peculiaridades da animação cultural. Para isso, temos investigado as especificidades das diferentes linguagens artísticas. Nosso objetivo neste artigo é apresentar reflexões sobre a incorporação da dança em projetos de animação cultural, partindo de um olhar crítico sobre o próprio estágio de organização da arte. Mais do que pensar um processo de educação pela dança, estamos interessados em refletir sobre a educação para a dança e seus desdobramentos, já que esse assunto tem sido pouco discutido no âmbito do campo acadêmico e nos debates sobre o lazer. PALAVRAS-CHAVE: Dança - Animação cultural. One of our aims with this work is to better comprehend the mechanisms and specific features of recreation projects. In this effort, we have dedicated ourselves to investigating the specific features of each of the different artisitic languages. Our main aim with this article is to present our reflections upon the incorporation of dance in recreation projects, with an analytical look at the current organizational stage of this art. More than just thinking of a process of education through art, we are interested in reflecting upong education for dance and its outcomes, as we believe this has been a lesser discussed dimension of the issue in the academic field of Dance and Physical Education. We also want to reflect upon the field of leisure activities. KEY WORDS: Dance - Recreation. Entre nuestras propuestas de trabajo está la de mejor comprender los mecanismos y las peculiaridades de la animación cultural. Injerido en ese esfuerzo, nos hemos dedicado a investigar las especificidades de los diferentes lenguajes artísticos. Nuestro objetivo en ese artículo es presentar reflexiones sobre la incorporación de la danza en proyectos de animación cultural, a partir de una visión crítica sobre el propio ciclo de organización del arte. M

  3. AN EVALUATION ON THE STORY OF ÖMER SEYFETTĠN’S YALNIZ EFE WITHIN THE FRAMEWORK OF ANIMA AND ANIMUS ANİMA-ANİMUS KAVRAMLARI ÇERÇEVESİNDE ÖMER SEYFETTİN’İN YALNIZ EFE HİKÂYESİNİN DEĞERLENDİRİLMESİ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehmet YILMAZ

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The anima and animus in Carl Jung's school of analytical psychology, are the two primary anthropomorphic archetypes of the unconscious mind, as opposed to both the theriomorphic and inferior-function of the shadow archetypes, as well as the abstract symbol sets that formulate the archetype of the Self. The anima and animus are described by Jung as elements of his theory of the collective unconscious, a domain of the unconscious that transcends the personal psyche. In the unconscious of the male, it finds expression as a feminine inner personality: anima; equivalently, in the unconscious of the female it is expressed as a masculine inner personality: animus. The anima (animus can be identified as the totality of the unconscious feminine psychological qualities that a male possesses; or the masculine ones possessed by the female. It is an archetype of the collective unconscious and not an aggregate of father or mother, brothers, sisters, aunts, uncles or teachers, though these aspects of the personal unconsciousÖmer Seyfettin has written this story after the occupation of Ġzmir by Greeks. He has wanted to the demonstrate power of Turkish people in this story. We evaluated in this paper, Turkish epic women hero figure in the context of concepts mentioned. Carl G. Jung, insanlarda kolektif bilinçdıĢını meydana getiren atalardan kalma imajlar bütünü olduğunu savunur. Buna dayalı olarak da erkekteki kolektif bilinçaltında var olan diĢiyi “anima” kavramıyla izah etmeye çalıĢır. Anima, erkeğin ruhundaki belli belirsiz duygular, huylar, sezgiler, akıldıĢı olana karĢı duyarlık, kiĢisel sevgi yetisi, doğa sevgisi, en önemli olarak da bilinçdıĢını algılama yetisi gibi bütün diĢil psikolojik eğilimlerin kiĢileĢmesidir. Animus ise, kadındaki erkek olarak bilinir ve kadınlardaki erotik fanteziler ya da yöneliĢlerden çok “kutsal” inançlar olarak ortaya çıkar. Bu kendini yüksek sesle, enerjik olarak d

  4. 金钗石斛多糖减轻脂多糖诱导的大鼠学习记忆减退及机制研究%Dendrobium Nobile Polysaccharides Attenuate Learning and Memory Deficits Induced by Lipopolysaccharide in Rats

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王丽娜; 龚其海; 李菲; 吴芹; 石京山

    2016-01-01

    目的:观察金钗石斛多糖(Dendrobium nobile polysaccharides,DNP)对脂多糖(lipopolysaccharide, LPS)诱导的大鼠学习记忆减退及神经炎症的改善作用。方法:DNP(40、80、160 mg·kg-1·d-1)预防性给药7 d,侧脑室注射20µg LPS制备大鼠学习记忆减退模型。制模后d 5开始,Morris水迷宫法检测大鼠的空间辨别学习记忆能力。行为学检测结束后,HE染色观察大鼠海马神经元的细胞形态改变,RT-PCR及Western Blot分别检测大鼠海马组织中肿瘤坏死因子α(tumor necrosis factor-α,TNF-α)、白介素1β(interleukine-1β,IL-1β)、转化生长因子β1(transforming growth factor-β1,TGF-β1)的mRNA及蛋白表达。结果:与假手术组比较,模型组大鼠在定位航行实验中逃避潜伏期明显延长,在空间探索实验中其校正潜伏期明显缩短;大鼠海马神经元排列散乱,部分神经元丢失,出现核固缩,嗜伊红染色;大鼠海马组织中TNF-α、IL-1β、TGF-β1 mRNA及其蛋白的表达量明显增加。DNP(40、80、160 mg·kg-1·d-1)给药组能改善大鼠学习记忆能力,对抗LPS引起的大鼠海马CA1区神经元损伤,并降低大鼠海马组织中TNF-α、IL-1β、TGF-β1的mRNA及蛋白表达。结论:DNP可减轻LPS诱导的大鼠学习记忆减退及神经元损伤,抑制其海马的炎症反应。%Objective:To investigate the protective effects and potential mechanisms ofDendrobium nobile polysaccharides(DNP) fromDendrobium nobileLindl. on learning and memory deficits induced by lipopolysaccharide(LPS).Methods:Rats were orally treated with DNP(40,80,160 mg·kg-1) for 7 days,followed by bilateral intra-cerebroventricular injection of LPS(20μg·rat-1) to induce learning and memory deficits. Rats were continued to receive DNP until the end of experiments. Morris water maze was used to test the abilities of spatial learning and memory. The neuronal injury in hippocampus was

  5. Preliminary Geologic Map of the Vermejo Peak area, Colfax and Taos Counties, New Mexico and Las Animas and Costilla Counties, Colorado

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fridrich, Christopher J.; Shroba, Ralph R.; Pillmore, Charles L.; Hudson, Adam M.

    2009-01-01

    This geologic map covers four 7.5-minute quadrangles-The Wall, NM-CO (New Mexico-Colorado), Vermejo Park, NM-CO, Ash Mountain, NM, and Van Bremmer Park, NM. The study area straddles the boundary between the eastern flank of the Sangre de Cristo Mountains and the western margin of the Raton Basin, with about two-thirds of the map area in the basin. The Raton Basin is a foreland basin that formed immediately eastward of the Sangre de Cristo Mountains during their initial uplift, in the Late Cretaceous through early Eocene Laramide orogeny. Subsequently, these mountains have been extensively modified during formation of the Rio Grande rift, from late Oligocene to present. The map area is within that part of the Sangre de Cristo Mountains that is called the Culebra Range. Additionally, the map covers small parts of the Devil's Park graben and the Valle Vidal half-graben, in the northwestern and southwestern parts of the map area, respectively. These two grabens are small intermontaine basins, that are satellitic to the main local basin of the Rio Grande rift, the San Luis Basin, that are an outlying, early- formed part of the rift, and that separate the Culebra Range from the Taos Range, to the southwest.

  6. Trichoderma chlorosporum,a new record of endophytic fungi from Dendrobium nobile in China%中国木霉属内生真菌一个新记录种Trichoderma chlorosporum

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁志林; 陈益存; 章初龙; 林福呈; 陈连庆

    2008-01-01

    @@ 1 INTRODUCTION Typically,Trichoderma spp.are free-living fungi most frequently isolated from soils and have been extensively studied due to their remarkable biocontrol and plant-growth promoting capacity.There is increasing evidence that sometimes they display flexible lifestyle and penetrate epidermis of roots and act as opportunistic,avirulent plant symbiont(Harman et al.2004).Recently,a Trichoderma species living as endophyte,Trichoderma taxi C.L.Zhang et al.(2007),has been recognized.

  7. L’Anima Plebea Del Lessico Italiano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Florence Carboni

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available On the basis of a historical and materialist conception of language, with particular attention to lexicon, we emphasize Italian’s par-ticular sociolinguistic features, such as the singular great number of dif-ferent languages spoken in the Peninsula, and the diglossia immanent to all its human communities, particularly in the past, but still observable. A sociolinguistic situation in which the dialectical relationship between unity and diversity is tangible. However, the main objective of this paper is to emphasize the fact that the intimate, continuous and dialectical re-lationships between the many peninsular languages determined a current standard Italian with profoundly plebeian features. The analysis of these structural, functional and pragmatic characteristics, somehow little em-phasized by historical linguistic, has been carried out from a materialist and dialectical perspective, seeking to demonstrate that they were gene-rated, throughout history, mainly by so many real linguistic productions of speakers engaged in class conflicts.

  8. Formarsi nei luoghi dell’anima

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Franco Cambi

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available This article presents some observations about the role of the ‘places of soul in education’; the personal and collective plaes, the natural places, the cultural and artistic places, the sacred place and the places of unconscious.

  9. Animas 1:100000 Quad Transportation DLGs

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — Digital line graph (DLG) data are digital representations of cartographic information. DLG's of map features are converted to digital form from maps and related...

  10. Solidarietà, specchio dell'anima

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paolo G. Bianchi

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Nel counseling il colloquio di aiuto trova la sua realizzazione negli ultimi 70 anni di ricerca da Carl Rogers in poi. L’idea è quella di aiutare la persona in difficoltà non tanto suggerendogli dei percorsi, ma sostenendola nel riscoprire il suo stato, la sua situazione attuale da una parte e nella presa di decisioni per la gestione del suo problema dall’altra.

  11. Palju õnne - anima sai 70! / Kristiina Vaarik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vaarik, Kristiina

    2001-01-01

    Vabaõhumuuseumis toimus Eesti filmi suvepidu, kus kokkuvõtete tegemise kõrval tutvustati Eesti animafilmi 70. juubeli üritusi, sealhulgas ka kinobussi, mis sõidab filmiprogrammiga läbi kogu Eesti 3.-17. augustini

  12. Electrochemical study of stainless steels used in an oil company by electrochemical impedance

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Boudinar, Y.; Chadli, H. [Laboratory of Physical Metallurgy and Materials Properties (LMPPM), University of Annaba, Annaba (Algeria); Innal, F. [University of Bordeaux/IMS-LAPS, Talence (France); Belmokre, K. [Laboratory of Corrosion and Surface Treatment (LCTS), University of Skikda, Skikda (Algeria)

    2010-07-15

    Localized corrosion is a serious problem for stainless steel exposed in a chloride solution. In this context, the present work concerns the study of electrochemical behavior of 316 (A and B) and 430 (C and D) stainless steels, where A and C are laboratory steels, while steels B and D were taken from heat exchangers tubes (after 10 years of operation). This study has addressed three different aqueous environments: (1) monoethanolamine (MEA) 15%, (2) natural seawater (NSW), and (3) NaCl 3%, using the technique of potentiodynamic polarization curve complemented by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). The obtained experimental electrochemical parameters (E{sub corr}, J{sub corr}, E{sub r}, C{sub d}, R{sub tc}, and constant phase element) were used to compare the corrosion resistance of the tested steels. As a result, the nobility of these steels in NaCl 3% and in MEA 15% solutions is established in the following order: 316 (A) > 316 (B) > 430 (C) > 430 (D), where E{sub r} moves increasingly toward the positive direction, indicating a good protection against corrosion. In addition, the results show that the effect of the electrolyte (aggression) is characterized by increased corrosion potential and a decrease in the passivity domain for all samples. The hierarchy of the nobility of steels A and C in these electrolytes can be determined as follows: MEA 15% > NSW > NaCl 3%. (Abstract Copyright [2010], Wiley Periodicals, Inc.)

  13. Dealloying of Cu{sub x}Au studied by hard X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rajput, Parasmani, E-mail: parasmani.rajput@northwestern.edu [European Synchrotron Radiation Facility, 6 rue Jules Horowitz, F-38043 Grenoble (France); Gupta, Ajay [UGC-DAE Consortium for Scientific Research, University Campus, Khandwa Road, Indore 452 017 (India); Detlefs, Blanka [European Synchrotron Radiation Facility, 6 rue Jules Horowitz, F-38043 Grenoble (France); Kolb, Dieter M. [Institute for Electrochemistry, University of Ulm, D-89069 Ulm (Germany); Potdar, Satish [UGC-DAE Consortium for Scientific Research, University Campus, Khandwa Road, Indore 452 017 (India); Zegenhagen, Jörg [European Synchrotron Radiation Facility, 6 rue Jules Horowitz, F-38043 Grenoble (France)

    2013-10-15

    Highlights: ► The shift in binding energy of Cu and Au lines in CuAu alloys is opposite to expected from the nobility of the elements. ► The magnitude of the chemical shifts of the metal lines in CuAu alloys is strongly influenced by finite size effects and disorder. ► Cu 3s and/or Au 4f cross-sections are not well described by theory (Scofield). The Cu 3s photoabsorption cross-section seems to be strongly overestimated. ► We find/confirm that (CuAu) dealloying proceeds into depth like a spinodal decomposition. -- Abstract: We studied pristine and leached ultra-thin Cu{sub x}Au (x ≈ 4) films by hard X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. The Au 4f and Cu 3s core levels show a shift in binding energy which is opposite to expected from the nobility of the elements, which is explained by charge transfer involving differently screening s and d valence levels of the elements [W. Eberhardt, S.C. Wu, R. Garrett, D. Sondericker, F. Jona, Phys. Rev. B 31 (1985) 8285]. The magnitude of the chemical shifts of the metal lines is strongly influenced by the finite size and disorder of the films. Angular dependent photoelectron emission allowed to assess the alloy composition as a function of depth larger than 5 nm. The potential controlled dealloying proceeds into depth like a spinodal decomposition with Cu going into solution and the remaining Au accumulating in the surface region. The compositional gradient did not lead to a significant broadening of the metal photoelectron lines suggesting a non-local screening mechanism.

  14. Electrochemical, Polarization, and Crevice Corrosion Testing of Nitinol 60, A Supplement to the ECLSS Sustaining Materials Compatibility Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, R. E.

    2016-01-01

    In earlier trials, electrochemical test results were presented for six noble metals evaluated in test solutions representative of waste liquids processed in the Environmental Control and Life Support System (ECLSS) aboard the International Space Station (ISS). Subsequently, a seventh metal, Nitinol 60, was added for evaluation and subjected to the same test routines, data analysis, and theoretical methodologies. The previous six test metals included three titanium grades, (commercially pure, 6Al-4V alloy and 6Al-4V low interstitial alloy), two nickel-chromium alloys (Inconel(RegisteredTrademark) 625 and Hastelloy(RegisteredTrademark) C276), and one high-tier stainless steel (Cronidur(RegisteredTrademark) 30). The three titanium alloys gave the best results of all the metals, indicating superior corrosive nobility and galvanic protection properties. For this current effort, the results have clearly shown that Nitinol 60 is almost as noble as titanium, being very corrosion-resistant and galvanically compatible with the other six metals electrochemically and during long-term exposure. is also quite noble as it is very corrosion resistant and galvanically compatible with the other six metals from both an electrochemical perspective and long-term crevice corrosion scenario. This was clearly demonstrated utilizing the same techniques for linear, Tafel and cyclic polarization, and galvanic coupling of the metal candidate as was done for the previous study. The high nobility and low corrosion susceptibility for Nitinol 60 appear to be intermediate to the nickel/chromium alloys and the titanium metals with indications that are more reflective of the titanium metals in terms of general corrosion and pitting behavior.

  15. Carl Jung’s Archetypes in Malayalam Film: A Case Study on The Film ‘Urumi’

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Varghese Sona

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Movies are the visual- auditory symbolic narrative that explains the living reality of people. Films employ Carl Jung’s concept of archetypes-prototypical characters. This research provides an insight about the theory of archetype based on the assumption that archetypes resides deep inside human mind. The researcher proposes that the Malayalam film industry in India showcases the western concept of archetype using the movie Urumi as a case study. For this study, different clips are taken from the movie to represent six essential archetypes, namely, Hero, Anima, Animus, Mentor (sage, Shadow, and Trickster. The psychoanalysis of this movie carried out in this paper provides evidence for the existence of all six essential archetypes identified by Carl Jung. Thus this article will be a fruitful resource for future research in the field of psychoanalysis of movies.

  16. Study on Chlorophyll Fluorescence Kinetics of Three Speices in Genus Dendrobium Cultivated in Greenhouse in the Winter Season%温室栽培的3种石斛冬季叶绿素荧光动力学研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    任建武; 王雁; 胡青; 赵治国

    2011-01-01

    The Dendrobium genus includes some important medicinal and famous ornamental plant species over the world. Some species in this genus demonstrated the characteristics of crassulasean acid mechanism plant. Three species I. E. , Dendrobium primulinum, D. Nobile and D. Chrysotoxum were selected as the experiment objects to study their photosynthesis and growth status in greenhouse during the winter season by means of measuring the gas exchange in combination with determining the chlorophyll fluorescence kinetics. The results showed that D. Primulinum exhibited typical traits of CAM plants, when its apparent photosynthetic rate was still minus value before 11:00 am while the electron transport rate was relatively high, which resembled the stage Ⅲ tendency of diurnal fluctuation of CAM plants. With low apparent photosynthetic rate, D. Nobile and D. Chrysotoxum were adaptive to shade environment with weaker solar radiation. Comparatively speaking, D. Chrysotoxum manifested more typical C3 plant characteristics. The 16t temperature in the early morning posed a chilling stress to D. Primulinum to certain extent, meanwhile D. Nobile and D. Chrysotoxum were not negatively effected, showing that the later two species were more adaptive to low temperature.%石斛属包括重要的药用植物和世界著名花卉,一些种具有景天酸代谢植物特征.试验选用报春石斛、金钗石斛、鼓槌石斛为材料,采用气体交换与叶绿素荧光动力学测定相结合的方法,研究冬季温室栽培条件下石斛的光合作用和生长状况.结果表明:报春石斛具有较为明显的景天酸代谢特征,11:00以前,表观光合作用速率为负值,但PSII电子传递速率依然较高,表现为CAM植物光合作用日变化的阶段Ⅲ趋势;金钗石斛和鼓槌石斛表观光合作用速率低、适应较低强度光照环境;相比之下,鼓槌石斛的C3植物特征更为明显.早晨16℃的低温会对报春石斛造成一定程度的

  17. La voce senz’anima: origine e storia del Vocoder

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paolo Zavagna

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available A review of the cultural origins of the speaking machines is proposed. These origins are identified in the separation between soul and body, proposed by Descartes. The speaking machines, and then the vocoder, are substantially formed by a controlled part and an automatic part; in the voder, the synthetic speaker is directly controlled by a human being, conversely in the vocoder an authomatic process is implemented. Through historical examples such as the ‘automata’ by Mical, Kratzenstein, von Kempelen, Wheatstone, Helmoltz, until the invention of the Dudley’s vocoder, are described a growth and a stratification of devices and synthesizers applied to varied fields (signal representation, encrypted transmission, medical apparatus, cybernetic, music. The historical period treated ideally ends with Dolson’s article written in 1986, “The Phase Vocoder: A Tutorial”. Through musical examples is described the origin of control data handling in composition. The musical application of the phase vocoder describes the distinction between control and synthesis better than other technologies. Both control (parameter values and synthesis (instruments design are compositional problems that involve all the electroacoustic music composers.

  18. 1946 Whitewater-Animas DDR Aerial Photo Index

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — Aerial photographs are retrievable on a frame by frame basis. The aerial photo inventory contains imagery from various sources that are now archived at the Earth...

  19. Uma competência emergente na gestão escolar: a animação cultural Una competencia emergente en la gestión escolar: animación cultural An emerging competency in school administration: cultural animation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vera Vergara Esteves

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available O conceito de gestão está relacionado ao conhecimento e à prática que fazem as organizações funcionarem em relação a determinados objetivos.A escola é o espaço público escolhido pela sociedade para, através de suas ações, atingir seus objetivos educacionais. Nas escolas inseridas ou junto a comunidades carentes, surge no Brasil, nos anos 80, a figura do animador cultural, que passa a realizar um trabalho de educação popular, mais relacionado, em geral às artes e educação física, por serem, em geral, profissionais dessas áreas. Enquanto em nosso país não há uma formação específica, na Franca, o animador cultural possui formação em curso em nível universitário, chegando a atingir um contingente de cerca de 200.000 profissionais. Propomos nesse trabalho a mudança de eixo da animação cultural em escolas brasileiras, ou seja, que ela se fundamente em uma posição que ultrapasse a de educação popular dos anos 80 para um conceito habermasiano de desenvolvimento da subjetividade para atingir a autonomia do sujeito, conjugado a uma ação comunicativa nas comunidades próximas e envolvido com um projeto de profissionalização baseado em competências.El concepto de gestión está relacionado al conocimiento y a la práctica que hacen con que las organizaciones actuen a propósito de determinados objetivos.La escuela es el espacio público elegido por la sociedad para, mediante sus acciones, alcanzar sus objetivos educacionales. En las escuelas insertas o junto a comunidades necesitadas, surge en Brasil, en los años 80, la figura del animador cultural, que pasa a efectuar un trabajo de educación popular, más relacionado, en general, a las artes y a la educación física, ya que son, en general, profesionales de esos campos de actividad. Mientras en nuestro país no hay una formación específica, en Francia, el animador cultural tiene formación en curso a nivel universitario, llegando a un contingente de cerca de

  20. Fall of Nobility and Rise of Literature:The Downward Mobility of Scholars in the Eastern Han Dynasty and the Significance of Writing History%“游”的下行与“文”的上升--论东汉士人流动的下行趋势及其文章史意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨霞

    2015-01-01

    The mobility of scholars in the Eastern Han Dynasty shows a downward trend compared with that of scholars in the Warring States period and the Western Han Dynasty. Its characteristics are as follows:lots of scholars chose to study away from home regardless of their origins; places for study were extended to rural or remote areas;more scholars regarded acquiring knowledge as their objective instead of taking an official career. The downward mobility of scholars led to the emergence of writing groups and new changes of literary genres, hence a boom in writing articles in the Eastern Han Dynas-ty. With the mobility of myriad scholars and the formation of writing groups, there were an increasing number of non-practical articles characterized by the strengthening of lyrical function. Thus, literature gradually separated from historiography and the study of Confucian classics, and became independent in a real sense.%东汉士人的流动相对战国、西汉时期的士人流动呈现出“下行”趋势,具体表现为游学群体的“平民化”、游学地点的“民间化”和游学目的的“俗世化”。士人流动、士人流动的“下行”促成了文章写作群体的生成与文章体裁的新变,并带来了东汉文章写作的繁荣。伴随着大量士人的流动与写作群体的生成,非实用类文章也日渐增多,表现为文章抒情功能的提升。后世所言的真正的“文学”这一意识形态,日益脱离史学、经学而走向自觉与独立,最终促成了“文”的上升。

  1. Orrery a story of mechanical solar systems, clocks, and English nobility

    CERN Document Server

    Buick, Tony

    2014-01-01

    To find the true story of the orrery, this book takes the reader to the vibrant, tumultous London of the 1600s. A mechanical model that shows the movements of the Moon and planets, the orrery takes its name from the Boyle family – the Earls of Orrery. Here is the fascinating story of the origins of this intricate device. Orreries are found everywhere. They appear in paintings, on the side of royal clocks, in stately home hallways, and of course, in museums all over the world. Scientific instruments to demonstrate the movements of the planets and predict their positions using measuring devices, they were devised largely by clockmakers, but many others played a role too and are given due credit. The story of the Boyles is not just relevant to a tiny corner of Ireland, but spans history. “Orrery” highlights the process of discovery and humankind’s universal fascination with the heavens, providing a fascinating example of the relationship between innovative thinking (invention) and precision enginee...

  2. Levd skuespillerliv og rolletildeling. En studie av kvinner i norsk institusjonsteater

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rikke Gürgens Gjærum

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The article presents findings from the qualitative study Women in Norwegian theatre, Kvinner i norsk teater (KIT. The researchers have examined the experiences of actresses on the distribution of dramatical roles/parts in Norwegian institutional theatres, in a lifespan perspective. The study is based on 20 qualitative research interviews of a strategic selection of actresses from smaller and larger institutional theatres. We discuss the data with a feministic view and six issues are highlighted in the article: 1. Repertoir, 2. Focus on looks and appearances, 3. Ageism, 4. Role characteristics, 5. Role ambitions/wishes of the actresses, 6. Nobility, 7. Prosesses of change. In the KIT study we find both active and creative innovating actresses and actresses who appear creative but yet more passive. A central discovery is that the success criterion for achieving an enriching professional life as an actress in Norwegian institutional theatres, is to dare “to take the wheel" in order to avoid marginalisation and ageism from the institution.

  3. Synthesis and Study of Electrical Properties of SbTeI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Harish K. Dubey

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Needle shaped SbTeI crystals were obtained by solid state reaction. Electrical resistance was measured in the temperature range of 4 K to 550 K. SbTeI shows a metallic behavior from 4 K to 300 K, and at higher temperature (>300 K, it shows semiconducting behavior. Unlike SbSI, this material shows almost zero resistance around 550 K. It shows a piezoelectric behavior with a capacitance of 717 pF and its carrier density and nobilities are found to be 2.12 × 1016 cm−3 and 1.01 cm2/(V·s, respectively. Crystals of SbTeI are characterized by XRD, SEM, and Raman analysis. Electrical activation energy is found to be 0.52 eV. It is suggested that this material may be studied for its application as a superconductor with Tc higher than room temperature.

  4. [Roald Amundsen--a study of personality].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Albretsen, C S

    1996-12-10

    Roald Amundsen is the most famous of the Norwegian polar explorers. His ancestors came from a group of islands south-east of the Oslofjord. From being fishermen and sailors, they progressed to becoming captains and shipowners in the course of two generations. Amundsen's father, Jens, stayed at sea until his ship went down with all the crew. Roald was 14 years of age at the time, the youngest of four competing brothers. Jens had left the close-knit local family community before that, and bought a flat in the capital, Oslo, so that his sons could get a better education. Roald's mother wanted him to study medicine. He did as she wished for a time, but was not at all interested. When his mother died, he abruptly left the university and went to sea, which had been the tradition in his family for decades. As a young boy he was an admirer of Sir John Franklin and his explorers of the Northwest Passage. Fridtjof Nansen became his ideal. The biographies about Roald Amundsen are very diverging--some hold him a hero, others reflect a strongly critical attitude. Here, the author tries to define his personality and places him firmly within the narcissistic domain. His tendency to seek the company of married women, but to take immediate flight when they really became interested reflects an Oedipus complex from before puberty. The tragic death of his father, the sea captain, may have been a supposition; puberty can be seen as a period of coping with ambivalence towards an earlier idealized father. His genius combined ambitious goals with a sharp eye for details as regards the equipment used in his expeditions. In his travels in the Arctic and the Antartic he was driven forward by the energy of the nation. His heroic death, trying to save his earlier "enemy", Nobile, was probably caused by an urge for self-destruction.

  5. Discrimination and chemical phylogenetic study of seven species of Dendrobium using infrared spectroscopy combined with cluster analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luo, Congpei; He, Tao; Chun, Ze

    2013-04-01

    Dendrobium is a commonly used and precious herb in Traditional Chinese Medicine. The high biodiversity of Dendrobium and the therapeutic needs require tools for the correct and fast discrimination of different Dendrobium species. This study investigates Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy followed by cluster analysis for discrimination and chemical phylogenetic study of seven Dendrobium species. Despite the general pattern of the IR spectra, different intensities, shapes, peak positions were found in the IR spectra of these samples, especially in the range of 1800-800 cm-1. The second derivative transformation and alcoholic extracting procedure obviously enlarged the tiny spectral differences among these samples. The results indicated each Dendrobium species had a characteristic IR spectra profile, which could be used to discriminate them. The similarity coefficients among the samples were analyzed based on their second derivative IR spectra, which ranged from 0.7632 to 0.9700, among the seven Dendrobium species, and from 0.5163 to 0.9615, among the ethanol extracts. A dendrogram was constructed based on cluster analysis the IR spectra for studying the chemical phylogenetic relationships among the samples. The results indicated that D. denneanum and D. crepidatum could be the alternative resources to substitute D. chrysotoxum, D. officinale and D. nobile which were officially recorded in Chinese Pharmacopoeia. In conclusion, with the advantages of high resolution, speediness and convenience, the experimental approach can successfully discriminate and construct the chemical phylogenetic relationships of the seven Dendrobium species.

  6. Nuclear Strategy and National Style. Volume 2. Appendices. National Strategic Style: Country Studies

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-07-31

    Needless to say, if Vercingetorix is relevant, so is Charlemagne and so are the numerous medieval kings of France. The French still take pride in the...battle of Bouvines (1214), where King Philippe II Auguste defeated the Holy Roman Emperor and the King of England; still mourn the dead nobility of

  7. Basic study of magnetic microwires for sensor applications: Variety of magnetic structures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chizhik, Alexander; Zhukov, Arcady; Gonzalez, Julian; Stupakiewicz, Andrzej

    2017-01-01

    We examine magnetic glass-coated microwires used for magnetic sensors. Images of domain structures and magnetization reversal were obtained with magneto-optical Kerr microscopy. Of particular importance were temperature-induced transformations of surface magnetic structures. Different surface magnetic domains coexist, characterized by various domain periods, magnetization directions, and nobilities of domain walls.

  8. [Archetypal aspects of aging: from Eros to Thanatos].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pérez Urdániz, A; Bueno Carrera, G; Santos García, J M; Molina Ramos, R; Rubio Larrosa, V

    1999-01-01

    From a Junguian point of view, the different archetypal roles of the aging process, along the life cycle, are studied: eros, puer, logos, hero, persona, mascara, anima, animus, king, warrior, magician, lover, mother, virgin, afrodite, witch, self, senex, shadow, tanatos.

  9. Development of Studies on Relationship between Astronomical Phenomena and Natural Disasters

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HanYanben; DongGuoxuan; ZhaoJuan; MaLihua

    2003-01-01

    Living and progress are the two main motifs of the human society. The security of anima and property of the human is imperiled by frequent natural disasters. Natural disaster is one of main factors restricting development and advancement of the the society. The physical process of gestation and happen of natural disasters is complex and the process is affected by many factors.

  10. 欧洲传统狮纹图案的研究及其在现代标志设计中的运用%Study on European Traditional Lion Pattern and its Application in Modern Logo Design

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵蔚

    2015-01-01

    与我国传统的“虎”文化不同,欧洲文化尊崇“狮”文化。狮子拥有仪表堂堂的体魄、威严的仪态和贵族的气质,是力量和勇气的象征。狮纹图案作为欧洲贵族以及权力的象征,现代标志设计中也有越来越多的应用以及借鉴。研究欧洲传统狮纹图案,有助于我国借他山之石探寻传统纹样在现代标志设计中的运用。%Unlike Chinese traditional "Tiger" culture, "Lion" is respected in Europe. Lion has strong phy-sique, dignified manner and aristocratic temperament, whichrepresent strength and courage. As the symbol of Euro-pean nobility and power, lion pattern gets more and more application and usage in the modern logo design. Study on European traditional lion pattern can help us explore Chinese traditional patternsand make better use of them in mod-ern logo design.

  11. Anima/Animus and Wise Old Man in "Six Characters in Search of an Author"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jamalinesari, Ali

    2015-01-01

    The word "archetype" is derived from the Greek words "arche" meaning "first" and type meaning "imprint" or "pattern". Actually, the archetypes are like deposits of experiences that have been frequently repeated in the history of human beings. They are present in all humans from birth. They can be…

  12. C.G. Jung come precursore di una filosofia per l'anima

    OpenAIRE

    Madera, R.

    2007-01-01

    In una delle accezioni di filosofia per Jung è contenuta una idea della filosofia come modo di vivere: questa intuizione fa di Jung un precursore della riscoperta della filosofia come stile di vita e, insieme, trasforma la psicologia analitica in un primo passo per la riapertura di una via sapienziale propria dell'Occidente

  13. Archeological Testing at Four Sites on the Pinon Canyon Maneuver Site, Las Animas County, Colorado

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-01-01

    The control unit was placed in the northeast comer. The 7.24 North-facing South Wall 100.64 in clevation KEN ’ M Stratum S Rock ’.\\ Soil Sample Bedrock...West Wall 98358 M CICVatIOD West-facing. East Wall 98.58 mt clc-afon KEN ’ Scale Rocki I FD StratUrn Centimeters OD Soil Sample 11F Structural Stone E N...swimmers ( Wilber and Weidenbacher 1961:372), and most do not live longer than three years (Fitzgerald et al. 1994:358). Skunks den in various places

  14. A viola con anima: uma construção simbólica

    OpenAIRE

    Gisela Gomes Pupo Nogueira

    2008-01-01

    As pesquisas históricas sobre as violas brasileiras foram delimitadas pelas referências textuais e iconográficas ao instrumento musical e à sua utilização na produção musical, particularmente da segunda metade do século XVIII ao início do XIX, com pequena citação de César das Neves em s eu Cancioneiro de Músicas Populares, cujo primeiro volume é datado de 1893. Usualmente confundida com alaúdes, cistros e violões, a literatura histórica deixa lacunas sobre a descrição do instrumento. Fato é q...

  15. Il corpo dell’anima. Chiesa e terapie della gravidanza nell’Ottocento

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emmanuel Betta

    2005-11-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses late nineteenth century intervention of the Congregation of the Holy Office, concerning therapeutic abortive interventions on at risk pregnancy. In the context of a most widely conflict between religion and science, this inquisitorial discussion appeared as a reaction to increasing power of medicine on nature and human body. In this perspective, Catholic Church, through the Holy Office, discussed the status of human embryo, the role and freedom of pregnant women, the moral limits of medicine and science.

  16. Mente e Materia. Fisiologia dell'anima nella tradizione galenica tardo-rinascimentale (1575-1625)

    OpenAIRE

    Bigotti, Fabrizio

    2012-01-01

    La tesi si sviluppa intorno alla diffusione ed alla tradizione del trattato galenico Quod animi mores nell'età tardo Rinascimentale. Dalla derivazione fisiologica degli stati psichici e delle scelte morali alla teoria degli elementi ed alla fisiognomica medica, il trattato di Galeno rappresenta l'esempio di un testo chiave della discussione scientifica e culturale della prima età moderna. Intorno a problemi da esso sollevati ruotano, infatti, le principali tesi dei medici e filosofi sulla nat...

  17. Altitude of the top of the Raton Formation in the Raton Basin, Las Animas County, Colorado

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This digital geospatial data set consists of structure contours of the top of the Raton Formation, the contact between the Raton and Poison Canyon Formations, in Las...

  18. Sogno, immagini e disagio psichico: una cura per l'anima

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ferdinando Testa

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Nella dimensione concettuale e terapeutica della psicologia analitica il lavoro con le immagini si pone come una sorte di spartiacque che caratterizza la specificità e l’identità della clinica junghiana, terreno di incontro col mondo delle psicosi, avvicinandosi al mondo dei deliri e delle allucinazioni come aspetti fenomenologici dove la dimensione personale si interseca con quella archetipica e il senso della propria esistenza ha potuto trovare un contenitore forse unicamente attraverso la voce dei deliri e delle immagini patologizzanti. In tal senso, le immagini accompagnano lungo il viaggio della vita, albergano nei ricordi delle storie prive di fiducia e di amore e possono condurre alla follia oppure rappresentare una ancora di salvezza in un mare tempestoso su una nave senza nocchiero. L'immaginazione è quindi da intendersi come attività creatrice, forza propulsiva che spinge e conduce l'individuo a mettersi in gioco e a valorizzare la dimensione interna non solo come portatrice di aspetti distruttivi e mostruosi, ma anche come possibilità di immaginare e non fantasticare la possibilità che ci possa essere uno spazio per la trasformazione del proprio passato in una storia riscritta in un altro modo, con un altro significato che sia quello dell'unione e non della frantumazione schizofrenica.

  19. Sul conoscere e il sentire dell’anima umana. Osservazioni e sogni

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Johann Gottfried Herder

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Here's the first italian translation of Herder’s Übers Erkennen und Empfinden in der menschlichen Seele written by the german philosopher in response to the subject of the competition called by the Academy of Science of Berlin in 1773. Translated by Francesca Marelli.

  20. Sul conoscere e il sentire dell’anima umana. Osservazioni e sogni

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    Here's the first italian translation of Herder’s Übers Erkennen und Empfinden in der menschlichen Seele written by the german philosopher in response to the subject of the competition called by the Academy of Science of Berlin in 1773. Translated by Francesca Marelli.

  1. Vers un instrumentarium pour les modèles musicaux CORDIS-ANIMA

    OpenAIRE

    Tache, Olivier; Cadoz, Claude

    2009-01-01

    Session: "Plates-formes pour la diffusion et pour la creation"; National audience; La modélisation physique propose un changement de paradigme dans l'Informatique Musicale, en se concentrant sur la modélisation de corps sonores virtuels plutôt que sur la modélisation des sons eux-mêmes. Elle conduit à reconsidérer en profondeur la relation entre le musicien et l'ordinateur, aussi bien au niveau conceptuel que pratique, en particulier lorsqu'il s'agit pour le musicien ou le compositeur de prat...

  2. Stereoskooppisen vaha-animaation jälkikäsittely : Case: Nothing Occurred

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    Tässä opinnäytetyössä keskitytään haasteisiin, joita stereoskooppinen kuva tuo visuaalisten tehosteiden lisäämiseen ja työnkulkuun. Produktiivinen osio on Nothing Occurred -animaatio, joka on opinnäytetyön kirjoittajan voittoa tavoittelematon pienen budjetin stereoskooppinen vaha-animaatio. Sen esikuvana on Coraline-animaatio, joka on maailman ensimmäinen kokoillan stereoskooppinen stop motion -elokuva. Työssä tutkitaan alan teoriaa ja kirjoittajan omia havaintoja 3D-elokuvista sekä empii...

  3. Altitude of the bottom of the Trinidad Sandstone in the Raton Basin, Las Animas County, Colorado

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This data set consists of structure contours that show lines of equal altitude of the bottom of the Trinidad Sandstone, the contact between the Trinidad Sandstone...

  4. Harmonia cromática em animações: a cor no contexto da tecnologia

    OpenAIRE

    Franck, Gláucia

    2015-01-01

    Esta dissertação busca demonstrar a influência recíproca entre a arte e a tecnologia para além do artefato com o uso da cor na obtenção da harmonia cromática e do reforço perceptivo visual e cultural. Procuramos evidenciar como a arte se apropria da tecnologia na obtenção da harmonia pelo uso da cor no processo criativo. A arte, ao ser mediada pela tecnologia, desafia o artista a opor-se ao determinismo tecnológico que impõe resultados pela estandardização do uso de seus aparatos, superando s...

  5. Traditional knowledge of wild edible plants used in the northwest of the Iberian Peninsula (Spain and Portugal): a comparative study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pardo-de-Santayana, Manuel; Tardío, Javier; Blanco, Emilio; Carvalho, Ana Maria; Lastra, Juan José; San Miguel, Elia; Morales, Ramón

    2007-01-01

    Background We compare traditional knowledge and use of wild edible plants in six rural regions of the northwest of the Iberian Peninsula as follows: Campoo, Picos de Europa, Piloña, Sanabria and Caurel in Spain and Parque Natural de Montesinho in Portugal. Methods Data on the use of 97 species were collected through informed consent semi-structured interviews with local informants. A semi-quantitative approach was used to document the relative importance of each species and to indicate differences in selection criteria for consuming wild food species in the regions studied. Results and discussion The most significant species include many wild berries and nuts (e.g. Castanea sativa, Rubus ulmifolius, Fragaria vesca) and the most popular species in each food-category (e.g. fruits or herbs used to prepare liqueurs such as Prunus spinosa, vegetables such as Rumex acetosa, condiments such as Origanum vulgare, or plants used to prepare herbal teas such as Chamaemelum nobile). The most important species in the study area as a whole are consumed at five or all six of the survey sites. Conclusion Social, economic and cultural factors, such as poor communications, fads and direct contact with nature in everyday life should be taken into account in determining why some wild foods and traditional vegetables have been consumed, but others not. They may be even more important than biological factors such as richness and abundance of wild edible flora. Although most are no longer consumed, demand is growing for those regarded as local specialties that reflect regional identity. PMID:17555572

  6. Traditional knowledge of wild edible plants used in the northwest of the Iberian Peninsula (Spain and Portugal: a comparative study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lastra Juan

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background We compare traditional knowledge and use of wild edible plants in six rural regions of the northwest of the Iberian Peninsula as follows: Campoo, Picos de Europa, Piloña, Sanabria and Caurel in Spain and Parque Natural de Montesinho in Portugal. Methods Data on the use of 97 species were collected through informed consent semi-structured interviews with local informants. A semi-quantitative approach was used to document the relative importance of each species and to indicate differences in selection criteria for consuming wild food species in the regions studied. Results and discussion The most significant species include many wild berries and nuts (e.g. Castanea sativa, Rubus ulmifolius, Fragaria vesca and the most popular species in each food-category (e.g. fruits or herbs used to prepare liqueurs such as Prunus spinosa, vegetables such as Rumex acetosa, condiments such as Origanum vulgare, or plants used to prepare herbal teas such as Chamaemelum nobile. The most important species in the study area as a whole are consumed at five or all six of the survey sites. Conclusion Social, economic and cultural factors, such as poor communications, fads and direct contact with nature in everyday life should be taken into account in determining why some wild foods and traditional vegetables have been consumed, but others not. They may be even more important than biological factors such as richness and abundance of wild edible flora. Although most are no longer consumed, demand is growing for those regarded as local specialties that reflect regional identity.

  7. National Hydroelectric Power Resources Study: Regional Assessment: Volume XXII: Western Systems Coordinating Council, (WSCC). Volume 22

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-09-01

    WA1NPP0651 • COWLITZ • • SlLVEReR!S’ • OA6NPP048’ • MARION • • SIlvERTON DAMStYE _ Cn,SpK0686 • SAN JUAN • • SILVERTgN _ wA1Npa0402 • SNOHOMISH...SAN ,)\\IAN ANIMAS RIVER" 107 1.15,0 * * RM til til 247 * * • SNIl~DON PEAK,MOUNTAIN va w C* * *" *. • C()bSPKOb80 « SILVERTON DAI"SITE * 37 95,0...I S * SAN JUAN ANIMAS RIVER * 107 3Q,ə til * RM * * 158. * til SILVERTON QUAD • • .. *. • Cu5SPK0090 " HORSEFLY CREEK ... 38 12,0 * • I 2 « SAN

  8. Tarnish behavior of palladium-indium-silver alloy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, H.S. [Hanyang University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Kim, S.Y.; Lee, K.H.; Shin, M.C.; Dzo, M.H. [Korea Institute Science and Technology, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1998-04-01

    The purpose of this study was to give a quantitative analysis for assessing the tarnish resistance of alloys at the artificial saliva, 0.9% NaCl solution and Ringer`s solution. In light of development in low-nobility alloys, it is important that tarnish test is standardized to analyse the tarnish properties of the compositions. There are concerns with the long term chemical stability f these alloys and the resistance to tarnish. Chemical stability is a complex problem involving alloy composition, nobility, microstructure and environment.

  9. Evaluation of geothermal potential of the basin and range province of New Mexico. Technical report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Landis, G.P.; Callender, J.F.; Elston, W.E.; Jiracek, G.R.; Kudo, A.M.; Woodward, L.A.; Swanberg, C.A.

    1976-06-01

    This continuing research is designed to provide an integrated geological, geophysical, and geochemical study of the geothermal energy potential of promising thermal anomalies in the Rio Grande rift, Basin and Range province, the Mogollon--Datil volcanic field of New Mexico. Specific objectives undertaken in this study include the following: (a) reconnaissance and detailed geologic mapping (Animas Valley, Radium Springs, Alum Mountain, Truth or Consequences, Ojo Caliente, Albuquerque---Belene basin, and San Ysidro); (b) geochemical studies including reconnaissance water sampling (Animas Valley, Radium Springs and Alum Mountain); and (c) geophysical surveys using deep electric-resistivity, gravity, and magnetic techniques (Radium Springs, Animas Valley and Truth or Consequences). The results of one and one-half summer field seasons and approximately two years of analytical work, laboratory research, and development of research equipment and facilities are covered. Publications, communications, and public service resulting from the first years of U.S.G.S. and State funding are listed in Appendix A.

  10. Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Susan Grandy

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose. This study examined the association between self-reported weight change and quality of life, and exercise and weight management behaviors among individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM. Methods. In the US SHIELD study, respondents reported whether they had lost or gained weight compared with 1 year earlier and completed the SHIELD-WQ-9 quality of life questionnaire as well as provided information on their exercise and weight management behaviors in the past 12 months. Results. Sixteen percent of the respondents reported gaining weight (n=460, and 30% reported losing weight (n=895. More respondents who reported losing weight exercised regularly, limited calorie and fat intake, and increased fiber, fruit, and vegetable intake compared with respondents who reported gaining weight (P<0.01. For all nine aspects of daily life, a significantly greater proportion of respondents who reported losing weight reported improved well-being (12%–44% compared with respondents who reported gaining weight (P<0.0001. Conclusions. Self-reported weight loss was associated with improved well-being, better exercise, and weight management behaviors among individuals with T2DM.

  11. Accuracy of a new patch pump based on a microelectromechanical system (MEMS) compared to other commercially available insulin pumps: results of the first in vitro and in vivo studies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Borot, Sophie; Franc, Sylvia; Cristante, Justine; Penfornis, Alfred; Benhamou, Pierre-Yves; Guerci, Bruno; Hanaire, Hélène; Renard, Eric; Reznik, Yves; Simon, Chantal; Charpentier, Guillaume

    2014-11-01

    The JewelPUMP™ (JP) is a new patch pump based on a microelectromechanical system that operates without any plunger. The study aimed to evaluate the infusion accuracy of the JP in vitro and in vivo. For the in vitro studies, commercially available pumps meeting the ISO standard were compared to the JP: the MiniMed® Paradigm® 712 (MP), Accu-Chek® Combo (AC), OmniPod® (OP), Animas® Vibe™ (AN). Pump accuracy was measured over 24 hours using a continuous microweighing method, at 0.1 and 1 IU/h basal rates. The occlusion alarm threshold was measured after a catheter occlusion. The JP, filled with physiological serum, was then tested in 13 patients with type 1 diabetes simultaneously with their own pump for 2 days. The weight difference was used to calculate the infused insulin volume. The JP showed reduced absolute median error rate in vitro over a 15-minute observation window compared to other pumps (1 IU/h): ±1.02% (JP) vs ±1.60% (AN), ±1.66% (AC), ±2.22% (MP), and ±4.63% (OP), P pumps: 21 (19; 25) minutes vs 90 (85; 95), 58 (42; 74), and 143 (132; 218) minutes (AN, AC, MP), P pumps (-2.2 ± 5.6% vs -0.37 ± 4.0%, P = .25). The JP was found to be easier to wear than conventional pumps. The JP is more precise over a short time period, more sensitive to catheter occlusion, well accepted by patients, and consequently, of potential interest for a closed-loop insulin delivery system.

  12. Resveratrol-procyanidin blend: nutraceutical and antiaging efficacy evaluated in a placebo-controlled, double-blind study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Buonocore D

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Daniela Buonocore,1 Angelo Lazzeretti,2 Pedro Tocabens,3 Vincenzo Nobile,4 Enza Cestone,4 Giada Santin,5 Maria G Bottone,5,6 Fulvio Marzatico11Laboratory of Pharmacobiochemistry, Nutrition and Nutraceutical of Wellness, Department of Biology and Biotechnology “L Spallanzani”, University of Pavia, Pavia, Italy; 2GMC Pharma SRL, Milan, Italy; 3Actafarma Laboratorios, Madrid, Spain; 4Farcoderm SRL European Network for Tests in Dermatology and Wellness, Pavia, 5Laboratory of Cell Biology and Neurobiology, Department of Biology and Biotechnology “L Spallanzani”, 6Institute of Molecular Biology CNR, Section of Histochemistry and Cytometry, University of Pavia, Pavia, ItalyBackground: Skin is constantly exposed to pro-oxidant environmental stress from several sources, including air pollutants, ultraviolet solar light, and chemical oxidants. Reactive oxygen species have been implicated in age-related skin disorders. Dietary bioactive antioxidant compounds, such as polyphenols, have beneficial effects on skin health. The advantage of a nutritional administration route is that blood delivers nutraceutical bioactive compounds continuously to all skin compartments, ie, the epidermis, dermis, and subcutaneous fat. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the topical and systemic effects of a dietary supplement containing resveratrol and procyanidin on age-related alterations to the skin, the skin antioxidant pool, and systemic oxidative stress levels.Methods: An instrumental study was performed in 50 subjects (25 treated with supplements and 25 with placebo to identify clinical features induced by chronoaging or photoaging. Product efficacy was evaluated after 60 days of treatment in terms of in vivo and in situ skin hydration, elasticity, and skin roughness levels, systemic oxidative stress levels by plasmatic derivatives of reactive oxygen metabolites and oxyadsorbent tests, and extent of the skin antioxidant pool.Results: After 60 days of

  13. Water wells, with selected administrative, well construction, and hydrogeologic data, Raton Basin, Huerfano and Las Animas Counties, Colorado, 2002

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This dataset consists of water well locations, selected well-construction data, and hydrologic data, that are based on permit transactions submitted to the State...

  14. Preliminary Geologic Map of the Culebra Peak Area, Sangre de Cristo Mountains, Las Animas and Costilla Counties, Colorado

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fridrich, Christopher J.; Kirkham, Robert M.

    2008-01-01

    This geologic map provides new geologic mapping at 1:50,000-scale in the Culebra Peak area of the Sangre de Cristo Mountains of south-central Colorado. The map area includes all of the El Valle Creek, Stonewall, Culebra Peak, and Torres 7.5' quadrangles. Paleoproterozoic crystalline basement rocks are exposed along the crest of the Culebra Range which include a calc-alkaline gneiss sequence and a metasedimentary and bimodal metavolcanic sequence which are strongly foliated and display a northeast-southwest oriented structural trend. These rocks are intruded by several large granitic bodies and smaller amphibolitic and pegmatitic bodies which are also foliated. These basement rocks are intruded by a set of younger Neoproterozoic to lower Paleozoic gabbro dikes which are nonfoliated. These crystalline rocks are overlain to the east of the Culebra Range by a thick sequence of Phanerozoic sedimentary rocks which include upper Paleozoic syn-tectonic sedimentary rocks of the Colorado Trough related to the Ancestral Rocky Mountains, Mesozoic post-tectonic sedimentary rocks, Cretaceous interior seaway sediments, and Laramide-age syn-tectonic sedimentary rocks of the Raton Basin. These rocks are faulted and folded by Laramide-age deformation. Tertiary igneous and volcaniclastic rocks that postdate the Laramide Orogeny are exposed throughout the map area and to the west of the Culebra Range, syntectonic sedimentary and volcanic rocks of the Sante Fe Group were deposited as fill in basins of the Rio Grande rift. These deposits are cut by rift-related extensional faults. Surficial units include alluvial, lacustrine, glacial, and mass-wasting deposits.

  15. Evaluative Testing of the Bent Canyon Stage Station on the Pinon Canyon Maneuver Site, Las Animas County, Colorado

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-01-01

    Boulder. Chapman, J. A., J. G. Hockman and W. R. Edwards 1982 Cottontails: Sylvilagus floridanus and Allies. In Wild Mammals of North America: Biology ...Smith, R. L. 1980 Ecology and Field Biology . Harper and Row, New York. South, S. 1978 Exploring Analytical Technique. In Historical Archaeology: A...page 1 of • ACC# " EXCAVATON LEVEL FORM Fort Carson-Pifion Canyon Maneuver Site Proj ect . Stage 7 Site ,L-131 75 Unit Z X•o ALevel Screen size 4

  16. Evaluative Testing of 5LA3421: A Multicomponent Prehistoric and Historic Site, Pinon Canyon Maneuver Site, Las Animas County, Colorado

    Science.gov (United States)

    2004-05-01

    thistle), Brassicaceae (Mustard Family), Cyperaceae ( Sedge Family), Ephedra (joint fir), Eriogonum (desert buckwheat), Fabaceae (Bean Family...Family Cheno-Am Goosefoot, Pigweed Cyperaceae Sedge Family Ephedra nevadensis-type Joint Fir, Mormon Tea Ephedra torreyana-type Joint Fir, Mormon Tea...sping Asteraceae, Cyperaceae , Eriogonum, Fabaceae, Platyopuntia, Polygonaceae, Typha and Yucca, while arboreal taxa are represented by Picea, Quercus, and

  17. Nota al saggio di Herder «Sul conoscere e il sentire dell’anima umana»

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francesca Marelli

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available In his essay Vom Erkennen und Empfinden der menschlichen Seele (1793 Herder reconstructs the broad outline of his thought about psychology. He thinks that psychological research should always go hand in hand with physiological one, in the frame of a substantial continuity between organic and inorganic nature.

  18. Diet and distribution of elephant in the Maputo Elephant Reserve, Mozambique

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Boer, WF; Ntumi, CP; Correia, AU; Mafuca, JM

    2000-01-01

    The distribution and diet of the elephants of the Maputo Elephant Reserve were studied using dung counts, satellite tracking and faecal analysis. The results were compared with earlier data from before the civil war in Mozambique. The elephant population decreased during the civil war, but 180 anima

  19. Tooth movement characteristics in relation to root resorption in young and adult rats

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ren, Yijin; Maltha, Jaap C.; Kuijpers-Jagtman, Anne Marie

    2007-01-01

    The aim of this study was to investigate tooth movement characteristics in relation to root resorption in young and adult rats. Two groups of 30 rats each (aged 6 wk and 9-12 months, respectively) were used. Standardized orthodontic appliances were placed to move the maxillary molars mesially. Anima

  20. Diet and distribution of elephants in the Maputo Elephant Reserve

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Boer, de W.F.; Ntumi, C.; Correia, A.; Mafuca, J.

    2000-01-01

    The distribution and diet of the elephants of the Maputo Elephant Reserve were studied using dung counts, satellite tracking and faecal analysis. The results were compared with earlier data from before the civil war in Mozambique. The elephant population decreased during the civil war, but 180 anima

  1. Incorporation of proficiency criteria for basic laparoscopic skills training: How does it work?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    E. Verdaasdonk (Egg); J. Dankelman (Jenny); J.F. Lange (Johan); L.P. Stassen (Laurents)

    2008-01-01

    textabstractBackground: It is desirable that surgical trainees are proficient in basic laparoscopic motor skills (eye-hand coordination). The present study evaluated the use of predefined proficiency criteria on a basic virtual reality (VR) simulator in preparation for a laparoscopic course on anima

  2. Sex And Gender Roles In Gentle And Noble Families, c.1575-1660, With A Particular Focus On Marriage Formation

    OpenAIRE

    2000-01-01

    The thesis examines thinking about, and experiences of, gender roles and family relationships for the gentry and nobility, particularly through the process of marriage formation. The study draws on a range of sources, including collections of family letters, personal memoirs and prescriptive literature. Some chapters pursue a case study approach to correspondence. Others consider the relationship between published advice and personal attitudes and experience.\\ud \\ud The study explores whether...

  3. ÎNCADRAREA ŞLEAHTEI POLONEZE ÎN RÂNDURILE NOBILIMII DIN BASARABIA PE PARCURSUL SECOLULUI Al XIX-lea (Cazul familiilor de nobili Celinski şi Cernilev/Cernelevski

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristina GHERASIM

    2015-11-01

    ătre Adunarea Deputaţilor Nobilimii din Podolia lipsesc actele care ar adeveri că Adronache Cernelevski a deţinut rangul de paharnic, precum şi faptul că solicitanţii nominalizaţi sunt urmaşi direcţi ai acestuia. În situaţia creată membrii familiei Cernelevski cer să fie acceptaţi în categoria odnodvorţilor din Basarabia. Astfel, odată cu infiltrarea persoanelor alogene în rândurile nobilimii basarabene, s-a produs schimbarea componenţei etnice, rusificarea şi deznaţionalizarea acestei categorii sociale.THE ASSIMILATION OF POLISH NOBILITY AMONG BESSARABIAN NOBILITY DURING XIXth CENTURY. (Case study: noble family Celinski and Cernilev/Cernelevski In the article, based on archive documents and published monographic studies, to treat the problem of assimilation of allergenic nobles by Bessarabian nobility, having as example the polish nobles. Being strategically, located Bessarabia was of particular interest in expansion policy of the Russian Empire. For these reasons, once the territory annexed, the tsarist searched to create a social base here to support and promote imperial policy. Besides granting various privileges to the native population, especially to the nobility, the imperial administration directed an intense colonization policy of the territory between Dniester and Prut and infiltration of Russian nobles or just simple clerks of Russian origin, coming from different parts such as Poland, Austria etc. among native nobility. As a result, during the XIXth century, alongside with local boyars in the confirmation of titles of nobility, at the commission created to this purpose, were registered representatives of allergenic nobility. Analysis of the files submitted by polish nobility revealed that their noble titles were confirmed after the presentation of a certificate certifying the applicant's noble affiliation by Assembly of Deputies of nobility from Podolia. There are as well cases of refusal of confirmation of titles to the polish nobility. After

  4. Integrazione di metodologie geofisiche, geomorfologiche, sedimentologiche e geochimiche, per la definizione della genesi e dell'età degli affioramenti rocciosi presenti sul fondale marino dell'Adriatico settentrionale

    OpenAIRE

    Gordini, Emiliano

    2009-01-01

    Da molti anni i fondali marini dell’Adriatico Settentrionale sono oggetto di interesse scientifico. Si annoverano studi accademici già dal 1792 ma solamente dalla seconda metà degli anni sessanta, grazie agli studi geologici, geofisici e geomorfologici, intrapresi da alcuni ricercatori è stato possibile evidenziare che i fondali marini del Golfo di Venezia unitamente al Golfo di Trieste sono prevalentemente sabbioso-limosi e monotoni dal punto di vista morfologico e delle forme di vita anima...

  5. Does the Consumption of Green Tea Reduce the Risk of Lung Cancer among Smokers?

    OpenAIRE

    Wenbin Liang; Binns, Colin W; Le Jian; Lee, Andy H

    2007-01-01

    Experimental and epidemiological studies were reviewed to assess whether the consumption of green tea could reduce the risk of lung cancer in smokers. Articles published since 1990 were located by searching electronic databases PubMed, Ovid and Science Direct, using keywords ‘lung cancer’, ‘tea’ and ‘smoking’ without any restriction on language. After relevant articles had been located, further papers were obtained from their reference lists. Evidence from experimental studies (in vitro anima...

  6. Introduzione a "Cibo, diritto e religione in una prospettiva comparata"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Salvatore Berlingò

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Il contributo, non sottoposto a valutazione, riproduce l'introduzione alla seduta su "Cibo, diritto e religione in una prospettiva comparata", che ha aperto il Convegno sul tema "Nutrire l'anima. Cibo, diritto, religione", organizzato dal Dipartimento di Scienze Giuridiche "Cesare Beccaria", Sezione di Diritto ecclesiastico e canonico, dell'Università degli Studi di Milano (Milano, 17 settembre 2015.

  7. Uma estação biológica para o estudo dos mosquitos e dos outros animaes silvestres relacionados com a febre amarela

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Henrique de Beaurepaire de Aragão

    1943-01-01

    Full Text Available The outbreak of the jungle or forest yellow fever, through the adapta¬tion, quite recently of the yellow fever virus o the forest mosquitoes, brou¬ght the necessity of ecological researches on hese mosquitoes, as well as on the wild animals they bite, some of them being susceptible to the desease. This has been done by the special yellow fever Service of the State of Sao Paulo, in a special Biological Station in Perús, São Paulo, which has been built in the midst of the jungle. This station was made with plain materials, and covered with straw, but was confortable enough for the technical work, i nthe early months of 1938. During the months in which the investigations were being carried on, the following interesting results were obtained: 1. As we have already pointed out in other places, the forest mosquitoes biting us during daytime, are always new born insects, having not yet sucked blood, as it is the general rule with all mosquitoes, and therefore also, with the anopheles and stegomyia, and this explains why nobody gets malaria or yellow fever, transmitted by anofeles or by aedes aegypti during the day. We think therefore, the jungle yellow fever, got during daytime is not due to the infected jungle or forest mosquito biting, but to infection through the human skin coming into close contact with tre virus, which the forest mosquitoes lay with their dejections, on the leaves of the trees where they remain sitting du¬ring the day. 2. As it is the rule with anopheles, stegomyia and other mosquitoes, the insects once having sucked blood, take nocturnal habits and, therefore, bite us, only during the night, so it happens with the forest mosquito, and insects with developped eggs and blood in stomach have been caught within the sta¬tion house, during the night. During the day, these mosquitoes do not bite, but remain quite still on the leaves of the trees, in the damp parts of the woods. 3. Jungle or forest mosquitoes can easely bite wild animals, some with more avidity then ethers, as it has bee npointed out to the opossum (didei-phis and other animals. They also bite birds having very thin skin and only exceptionally, cold bloods animals. 5. Is has hot been possible to ascertain how forest mosquitoes are able to live, from onde season to another, through winter, when temperature drops near and even below zero. They have not been found in holes of the terrain, of trees and of animals, as it is the rule in cold countries. During winter, in the forest, it is possible to find larvs in the holes of bambus and trees full of water. As wild animals do not harbour the yellow fever virus for a long time in their body, it is diffcult to explain how the desease lasts from one season to another. Many ecological features on the mosquito, remains yet to be explained and therefore it in necessary to go on with the investigations, in bio¬logical stations, such as that one built up in Perús, São Paulo.

  8. Evaluative Testing of Sheep Ranching Site 5LA2316, 5LA2366, and 5LA2359 on the Pinon Canyon Maneuver Site, Las Animas County, Colorado

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-06-01

    specifics will be covered here, along with some primary documents where available. In 1882, doctor, politician, and " booster " Michael Beshoar of...imported buck sells from $20 to $50 and the demand is good. Herders for both sheep and cattle are paid from $20 to $40 per month and board. All depends

  9. Sistemas de autoria para produção de animações por crianças utilizando interfaces naturais.

    OpenAIRE

    Alexandra Camargo Alves

    2011-01-01

    O Governo Brasileiro, juntamente com outros órgãos públicos e representantes do terceiro setor, criou um grande número de projetos que tentam disseminar o uso das tecnologias e promover a inclusão digital. Esses projetos são consequência da importância dada à inclusão digital e à capacitação do cidadão como ser autônomo e crítico no uso das tecnologias e na construção do seu conhecimento. Entretanto, a escola, que deveria ser considerada a principal responsável pelo futuro cidadão, ainda não ...

  10. Animação e quadrinhos Disney: produção cultural no início do século XXI

    OpenAIRE

    Celbi Vagner Melo Pegoraro

    2016-01-01

    Analisa as influências e as transformações promovidas pelas produções cinematográficas Disney, a partir das mudanças da estrutura corporativa, resultando numa descentralização do processo de produção e a criação de uma nova dinâmica na indústria cultural. Para seu desenvolvimento, utilizou-se o método funcionalista com pesquisa bibliográfica e visita técnica de campo. Com um viés tecnológico, a pesquisa transdisciplinar teve como objetivos analisar o atual processo de produção nas histórias e...

  11. Development of a Plan to Implement Enhanced Geothermal Systems (EGS) in the Animas Valley, New Mexico - Final Report - 07/26/2000 - 02/01/2001

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schochet, Daniel N.; Cunniff, Roy A.

    2001-02-01

    The concept of producing energy from hot dry rock (HDR), originally proposed in 1971 at the Los Alamos National Laboratory, contemplated the generation of electric power by injecting water into artificially created fractures in subsurface rock formations with high heat flow. Recognizing the inherent difficulties associated with HDR, the concept of Enhanced Geothermal Systems was proposed. This embraces the idea that the amount of permeability and fluid in geothermal resources varies across a spectrum, with HDR at one end, and conventional hydrothermal systems at the other. This report provides a concept for development of a ''Combined Technologies Project'' with construction and operation of a 6 MW (net) binary-cycle geothermal power plant that uses both the intermediate-depth hydrothermal system at 1,200 to 3,300 feet and a deeper EGS capable system at 3,000 to 4,000 feet. Two production/injection well pairs will be drilled, one couplet for the hydrothermal system, and one for the E GS system. High-pressure injection may be required to drive fluid through the EGS reservoir from the injection to the production well.

  12. Interferencia entre bacterias comensales de faringe y patogénesis de oído medio en un modelo animas de otitis media

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    LM Villafane

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: determinar in vivo la interacción entre bacterias comensales aisladas  de faringe de niños sanos y S. pneumoniae, en un modelo animal (Chinchilla laniger de otitis media. Metodos: estudio experimental Intervenciones: Suspensiones de los serotipos 18A y 9V de Spn fueron inyectados intra-peritonealmente en dos chinchillas y luego recuperados mediante cultivo de órganos y sangre de las mismas. Empleando suspensiones de las cepas animalizadas se inocularon intranasalmente cuatro chinchillas, y solo a dos de ellas se le inoculo una mezcla de las bacterias comensales (Streptococcus mitis, Streptococcus parasanguinis. Con un otoscopio se examinó la evolución de la infección a los 7 y 14 días. Se sacrificaron los animales y se tomaron muestras de los oídos para un examen histológico. Resultados: Mediante otoscopia, se observó al día 14 que todos presentaron una membrana timpánica hiperémica sin efusión, presentándose con mayor intensidad en aquellos que recibieron el tratamiento. La histología confirmó que la administración del tratamiento no evitó que la infección evolucionara, advirtiéndose que las infectadas con el serotipo 8A y tratadas fueron las que presentaron el tejido epitelial menos comprometido respecto al resto. Conclusiones: Spn y las bacterias comensales podrían establecer una relación competitiva, y el efecto moderador en la progresión de la infección de otitis media dependería del serotipo involucrado.

  13. Archaeological Sites Inventory of the Training Area 10 and 12 Portions of the Pinon Canyon Maneuver Site, Las Animas County, Colorado. Volume 2

    Science.gov (United States)

    2004-01-01

    Winchester and Courtney Yilk did a great job for us despite the fact that the bugs were thick and the temperatures were often extreme. Volunteers Jeff Fladung...P58) and a chert non-bipolar core. Colluvial soil deposits to 25 cm were observed on this 48 x 47 m surface scatter. Juniper, soapweed, milkweed ...scatter found on an elevated point overlooking upper Red Rock Canyon. It is sparsely vegetated with juniper, sage, milkweed , and grama grasses

  14. Archaeological Sites Inventory of the Training Area 10 and 12 Portions of the Pinon Canyon Maneuver Site, Las Animas County, Colorado. Volume 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    2004-01-01

    Kay Winchester and Courtney Yilk did a great job for us despite the fact that the bugs were thick and the temperatures were often extreme. Volunteers...but skunkbrush, bluestem, milkweed , and mountain mahogany also observed in the area. The soils are thin on this canyon slope, but silty clay of 20 cm...site is located on grassland, with sparse juniper trees along the terrace edge. Recorded vegetation includes blue grama, milkweed , threeawn, tree

  15. The use of fluoride as a natural tracer in water and the relationship to geological features: Examples from the Animas River Watershed, San Juan Mountains, Silverton, Colorado

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bove, D.J.; Walton-Day, K.; Kimball, B.A.

    2009-01-01

    Investigations within the Silverton caldera, in southwestern Colorado, used a combination of traditional geological mapping, alteration-assemblage mapping, and aqueous geochemical sampling that showed a relationship between geological and hydrologic features that may be used to better understand the provenance and evolution of the water. Veins containing fluorite, huebnerite, and elevated molybdenum concentrations are temporally and perhaps genetically associated with the emplacement of high-silica rhyolite intrusions. Both the rhyolites and the fluorite-bearing veins produce waters containing elevated concentrations of F-, K and Be. The identification of water samples with elevated F/Cl molar ratios (> 10) has also aided in the location of water draining F-rich sources, even after these waters have been diluted substantially. These unique aqueous geochemical signatures can be used to relate water chemistry to key geological features and mineralized source areas. Two examples that illustrate this relationship are: (1) surface-water samples containing elevated F-concentrations (> 1.8 mg/l) that closely bracket the extent of several small high-silica rhyolite intrusions; and (2) water samples containing elevated concentrations of F-(> 1.8 mg/ l) that spatially relate to mines or areas that contain late-stage fluorite/huebnerite veins. In two additional cases, the existence of high F-concentrations in water can be used to: (1) infer interaction of the water with mine waste derived from systems known to contain the fluorite/huebnerite association; and (2) relate changes in water quality over time at a high elevation mine tunnel to plugging of a lower elevation mine tunnel and the subsequent rise of the water table into mineralized areas containing fluorite/huebnerite veining. Thus, the unique geochemical signature of the water produced from fluorite veins indicates the location of high-silica rhyolites, mines, and mine waste containing the veins. Existence of high F-concentrations along with K and Be in water in combination with other geological evidence may be used to better understand the provenance of the water. ?? 2009 AAG/Geological Society of London.

  16. Le simulateur temps réel TELLURIS pour le langage CORDIS-ANIMA. Modèles physiques, gestes, sons, images

    OpenAIRE

    Uhl, Claude; Luciani, Annie; Cadoz, Claude

    1994-01-01

    International audience; La machine I.C.I. vise à définir I'ordinateur comme outil d'interface Homme-Machine généralisée par I'introduction d'un mode de communication naturel humain appelé Communication Instrumentale. Dans ce type de communication, I'homme communique avec la tâche via un outil. Cet outil est un objet se comportant comme un objet physique avec lequel I'homme est en relation multi-sensorielle visuelle, acoustique et gestuelle. Pour réaliser ce type de communication entre I'homme...

  17. «O utinam anima mea esset in corpore tuo!». Pier Damiani, l’amicitia monastica e la riforma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Umberto Longo

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available L'amicizia si esprimeva attraverso la densissima serie di relazioni di Pier Damiani con una folla di interlocutori, a cominciare dai membri della sua comunità per finire con i monaci di Cassino e Cluny. Una speciale sensibilità emotiva e la condivisione di peculiari comportamenti ascetici e penitenziali alimentavano la forza vincolante che orientava la ristretta cerchia degli asceti seguaci di Pier Damiani a sviluppare, attorno alla passione di Gesù, una teologia per cercare di vivere la propria carne. Per quanto riguarda gli anni '60 del secolo XI si cerca di estendere la proposta di perfezione ascetica di questa cerchia, in particolare verso il monachesimo di Cassino.

  18. 一种基于手机加速度传感器的三维手势身份认证方法%A nethod of 3 D gesture identity authentication based on nobile-phone acceleration sensor

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王尧; 孙子文; 周治平

    2014-01-01

    Aiming at mobile-phone users’security issues,a gesture identity authentication method based on acceleration sensor is proposed. 3D gesture data are processed by the mean-variance normalization;and the data of the moving gesture are intercepted by using a threshold value to remove interference data;authentication algorithm adopts template matching method. The authenticity of the user can be determined by the average-dynamic time warping( A-DTW)algorithm through comparing reference template with test template. The simulation results show that the proposed algorithm is convenient,feasible and has a good recognition rate.%针对手机用户安全问题,提出一种基于手机加速度传感器的手势身份认证方法。采用均值-方差归一化方式对三维手势数据进行归一化处理;采用门限值方法截取手势动作,去除干扰数据;认证算法采用模板匹配的方式,通过设计的均值-动态时间归整( A-DTW)算法对参考模板和测试模板进行比较,判断用户的真实性。仿真结果显示:该算法方便可行,具有较高的识别率。

  19. Käime üle kunsti / Reet Varblane

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Varblane, Reet, 1952-

    2001-01-01

    "Kunstisuve" näitustest Kuressaares: Sirje Eelma kureeritud eesti ja gotlandi kunstnike ühisnäitusest "Avatud akende päevad" Raegaleriis ja Terje Ojaveri kureeritud skulptuurinäitusest "Anima(a)l" linnuses

  20. Primary analysis of current studies on the digit ratio%对指长比研究现状的初步分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    席焕久; 赵红; 李文慧; 李超; 张美芝; 温有锋

    2012-01-01

    指长比常用食指指长(2D)和环指指长(4D) 的比值来表示,是产前雄性激素活动公认的生物学标记,具有性别、民族、种族和地域差异,对某些疾病的发生有一定的关系,可预测部分运动潜能.我们应用文献计量法,通过中外数据库,收集了近十年来国内外指长比的出版物,对其出版时间、专业领域分布、影响因子等进行了初步分析.研究表明,英国、美国、奥地利和德国等国研究较多,而我国起步较晚.当前,除对人进行指长比研究外,还对灵长类动物等进行了研究.这对深入研究健康的危险因素、预防疾病和研究人的行为、认知能力等都具有重要意义.指长比作为人体测量的指标仍是当前研究的热点,今后对指长比的人群差异,某些动物中的指长比研究及其在医学、体育科学、行为科学中的应用和其分子生物学基础还需要进一步深入地探讨.%The digit length ratio of the second finger length to fourth finger length (2D:4D) is a putative marker for prenatal androgen action, exists sexual, ethnic, racial, and geographic differences, is associated to the incidences of diseases and may pre-estimate physical capacity potential. This study reviewed publications on digit ratio over the past decade and analysed their publication time, professional distribution and impact factors. It indicated that the major ications came from British, United States, Austria and. G-ermany and lew trom L.nina. In addition in numans, digit ratio was studied in the primates. The digit ratio, as a anthropometry index, still is a hotpoint as it is important to estimate health risk factors, prevent some diseases, study human behavior and cognizence and so on. In the future, it needs to be probed thoroughly in differences of intergroups digit ratio, animas digit ratio, applications in medicine, sport science, behavior science and foundation molecular biology

  1. Consumo frequente de bebidas alcoólicas por adolescentes escolares: estudo de fatores associados Frequent consumption of alcohol by school age adolescents: study of associated factors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Analy Marquardt de Matos

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Analisar fatores associados ao consumo frequente de bebidas alcoólicas por adolescentes escolares em Feira de Santana, BA. MÉTODO: Estudo transversal, com amostra aleatória, estratificada por conglomerado, totalizando 10 escolas de portes diferenciados e 776 estudantes de ambos os sexos que relataram consumo de bebidas alcoólicas, na faixa etária de 14 a 19 anos, assegurando representatividade das escolas e alunos. O instrumento auto-aplicável foi elaborado segundo a Organização Mundial de Saúde (OMS e questionários validados em outros estudos. A coleta garantiu procedimentos para anonimato e sigilo. Foram considerados expostos adolescentes que referiram consumo frequente (em pelo menos todo final de semana. RESULTADOS: O consumo frequente/pesado mostrou associações significantes com sexo masculino, consumo precoce, parceiro sexual pouco conhecido, problemas com substâncias psicoativas (SPAs na família, coabitação com companheiro, renda própria, tráfico de drogas, consumo com amigos, atividades na escola, motivações (ansiedade, animação/prazer; e consequências (outras SPAs, brigas, inadimplência ao trabalhoescola. CONCLUSÕES: O conhecimento dos fatores pessoais, interpessoais, familiares e ambientais associados ao consumo de bebidas alcoólicas por adolescentes devem ser considerados na implementação de programas escolares e políticas públicas de prevenção, visando comportamentos que minimizem a exposição ao risco associado.OBJECTIVES: To analyze factors associated with the frequent consumption of alcohol by school age adolescents in Feira de Santana, Bahia. METHOD: Cross sectional study with random sampling, stratified by clusters, totaling 10 schools of different sizes. Although 1,409 students were included in the sample, only 776 of both genders, aged 14 to 19 years who reported alcohol drinking were included in the analysis, providing representativeness of schools and students. Data collection tools

  2. Molecular bases for parallel evolution of translucent bracts in an alpine "glasshouse" plant Rheum alexandrae (Polygonaceae)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Bing-Bing LIU; Lars OPGENOORTH; Georg MIEHE; Dong-Yuan ZHANG; Dong-Shi WAN; Chang-Ming ZHAO; Dong-Rui JIA

    2013-01-01

    Parallel evolution provides an excellent framework to infer the genetic bases of adaptive traits and understand the importance of natural selection in shaping current biodiversity.The upper leaves of the "glasshouse plants" transform into translucent bracts that show numerous adaptions in alpine habitats.It remains unknown whether similar molecular changes occur under the parallel bract evolution of different "glasshouse" species.In this study,we compared the results on phenotypic and physiological differences and presented the results of cDNA-AFLP analyses of transcriptional changes between translucent bracts and normal leaves in Rheum alexandrae.We also examined the homologous candidate genes with the same expression changes between this species and another "glasshouse" species,R.nobile.We found that bracts ofR.alexandrae are similar to those ofR.nobile in anatomical features:chloroplasts have degenerated and chlorophyll contents are greatly reduced,which suggests that foliar photosynthetic functions in bracts of both species have been reduced or totally altered.Among the 6000 transcript-derived fragments (TDFs) in bracts and leaves of R.alexandrae,420 (7%) were differentially expressed (up-or downregulated) between bracts and normal leaves.There were a total of 13 homologous TDFs with the same expression changes between R.alexandrae and the previously studied R.nobile.Except for the two that were not functionally annotated,eight of the homologous TDFs were found to be involved in stress and defense responses whereas the other three were related to photosynthesis.The up-or downregulation of these candidate genes was highly congruent with anatomical characteristics and adaptive functions of the bracts found for "glasshouse" plants.These findings suggested that the "glasshouse" phenotypes may have common molecular bases underlying their parallel evolution of similar adaptive functions and highlighted the importance of the natural selection in producing such

  3. [The wine merchant as weight watcher].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rössner, S

    1996-01-01

    Berry Brothers & Rudd Ltd are a company of wine merchants, based in central London, with traditions dating from the 18th century. From the beginning the company traded in colonial goods. This required a pair of scales. Buying coffe became an opportunity for a weighing session for the customers and over the years since 1765 weight records from the British nobility and gentry are available in seven leatherbound ledgers. Several interesting weight histories can be documented by the study of these well kept records. They illustrate that there was a need to measure body weight, long before the association between relative body weight and health had become clear.

  4. Reducing Structural Violence through Entrepreneurial Tourism: Case Study in Hambantota District, Sri Lanka

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shammika DLAH

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Tourism is increasingly recognized as an effective means of achieving peace in world. In this paper tourism’s contribution for peace will be discussed in a broader sense with identification of structural violence as the main cause of Sri Lankan conflict. Structural violence is the process of deprivation of needs. It is characterized politically as repression, and economically by exploitation. The methodology used in this paper to identify ‘how entrepreneurial tourism can contribute to alleviate structural violence’ was basically qualitative. The methodology was based on the grounded theory which portrays the world as being complex and organized by both overt and hidden power structures. It was revealed during the process of data collection that the structural violence was functioning by means of polarization of the social structures such as caste, ethnicity, economic status, nobility, educational status into different strata together with grouping of people into the consequential ends leading to social uneasiness. People engaged in entrepreneurial activities are entrapped in a viscous system of unfair resource allocation and production exploitation operating through intermediaries. The paper suggests that it is necessary to seek remedies to increase the capacity of entrepreneurs to overcome the destructive force of the structural violence.

  5. FAUNA POLIPARAZITARĂ A MAMIFERELOR SĂLBATICE DIN REZERVAŢIA NATURALĂ „CODRII” DIN REPUBLICA MOLDOVA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ştefan RUSU

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Studiul parazitofaunei la mamiferele sălbatice din Rezervaţia Naturală „Codrii”, Republica Moldova, a pus în evi­denţă un nivel înalt de infestare a lor cu fasciole, dicrocelii, strongiloizi, protişti. Cerbul-nobil (Cervus elaphus Linaeus, 1758 era infestat cu Dicrocoelium lanceolatum (12,8%, Fasciola hepatica (9,5%, larve de strongiloizi (88,0% şi oochişti de Eimeria spp. (28,2%; cerbul-cu-pete (Cervus nippon Temminsk, 1838 – cu D. lanceolatum (14,9%, F. hepatica (10,2%, larve de strongiloizi (79,8%, oochişti de Eimeria spp. (22,4%; căpriorul (Capreolus capreolus Linaeus, 1758 – cu D. lanceolatum (20,1%, F. hepatica (3,2%, larve de strongiloizi (89,4% şi oochişti de Eimeria spp. (38,1%. La mistreţ s-a constatat un nivel de infestare cu Dicrocoelium lanceolatum în 3,6% cazuri, larve de Stron­gy­loides ransomi – în 72,3% cazuri, Metastrongylus elongatus – în 87,5% cazuri şi cu Eimeria spp. – în 46,3% cazuri. La Iepurele-de-câmp s-a constatat un nivel de infestare cu D. lanceolatum în 28,2% cazuri şi cu Strongyloides papillosus – în 59,4% cazuri. Nivelul înalt de infestare a mamiferelor sălbatice cu diverşi agenţi parazitari demonstrează încă o dată că ele participă la menţinerea lanţului epizootic al acestor maladii şi au un rol important la infestarea omului şi a anima­lelor domestice. Prin urmare, este strict necesar ca maladiile parazitare la animalele sălbatice să fie anual monitorizate, stabilind în acest mod evoluţia lor, apariţia unor noi agenţi parazitari şi elaborarea măsurilor de combatere a acestora. POLIPARASITIC FAUNA OF WILD MAMMALS INHABITING NATURAL RESERVATION “COdrii” in THE Republic OF MOldovaThe study on parasitic fauna in wild mammals from natural reservation “Codrii” in Republic of Moldova has revealed the high level of their infestation with fascicles, dicrocelium, strongiles and protista. The red deer (Cervus elaphus Linaeus, 1758 have been infested

  6. Multiple injected and natural conservative tracers quantify mixing in a stream confluence affected by acid mine drainage near Silverton, Colorado

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schemel, L.E.; Cox, M.H.; Runkel, R.L.; Kimball, B.A.

    2006-01-01

    The acidic discharge from Cement Creek, containing elevated concentrations of dissolved metals and sulphate, mixed with the circumneutral-pH Animas River over a several hundred metre reach (mixing zone) near Silverton, CO, during this study. Differences in concentrations of Ca, Mg, Si, Sr, and SO42- between the creek and the river were sufficiently large for these analytes to be used as natural tracers in the mixing zone. In addition, a sodium chloride (NaCl) tracer was injected into Cement Creek, which provided a Cl- 'reference' tracer in the mixing zone. Conservative transport of the dissolved metals and sulphate through the mixing zone was verified by mass balances and by linear mixing plots relative to the injected reference tracer. At each of seven sites in the mixing zone, five samples were collected at evenly spaced increments of the observed across-channel gradients, as determined by specific conductance. This created sets of samples that adequately covered the ranges of mixtures (mixing ratios, in terms of the fraction of Animas River water, %AR). Concentrations measured in each mixing zone sample and in the upstream Animas River and Cement Creek were used to compute %AR for the reference and natural tracers. Values of %AR from natural tracers generally showed good agreement with values from the reference tracer, but variability in discharge and end-member concentrations and analytical errors contributed to unexpected outlier values for both injected and natural tracers. The median value (MV) %AR (calculated from all of the tracers) reduced scatter in the mixing plots for the dissolved metals, indicating that the MV estimate reduced the effects of various potential errors that could affect any tracer.

  7. Multiple injected and natural conservative tracers quantify mixing in a stream confluence affected by acid mine drainage near Silverton, Colorado

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schemel, Laurence E.; Cox, Marisa H.; Runkel, Robert L.; Kimball, Briant A.

    2006-08-01

    The acidic discharge from Cement Creek, containing elevated concentrations of dissolved metals and sulphate, mixed with the circumneutral-pH Animas River over a several hundred metre reach (mixing zone) near Silverton, CO, during this study. Differences in concentrations of Ca, Mg, Si, Sr, and SO42- between the creek and the river were sufficiently large for these analytes to be used as natural tracers in the mixing zone. In addition, a sodium chloride (NaCl) tracer was injected into Cement Creek, which provided a Cl- reference tracer in the mixing zone. Conservative transport of the dissolved metals and sulphate through the mixing zone was verified by mass balances and by linear mixing plots relative to the injected reference tracer. At each of seven sites in the mixing zone, five samples were collected at evenly spaced increments of the observed across-channel gradients, as determined by specific conductance. This created sets of samples that adequately covered the ranges of mixtures (mixing ratios, in terms of the fraction of Animas River water, %AR). Concentratis measured in each mixing zone sample and in the upstream Animas River and Cement Creek were used to compute %AR for the reference and natural tracers. Values of %AR from natural tracers generally showed good agreement with values from the reference tracer, but variability in discharge and end-member concentrations and analytical errors contributed to unexpected outlier values for both injected and natural tracers. The median value (MV) %AR (calculated from all of the tracers) reduced scatter in the mixing plots for the dissolved metals, indicating that the MV estimate reduced the effects of various potential errors that could affect any tracer.

  8. Evaluation of geothermal potential of Rio Grande rift and Basin and Range province, New Mexico. Final technical report, January 1, 1977-May 31, 1978

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Callender, J.F.

    1985-04-01

    A study was made of the geological, geochemical and geophysical characteristics of potential geothermal areas in the Rio Grande rift and Basin and Range province of New Mexico. Both regional and site-specific information is presented. Data was collected by: (1) reconnaissance and detailed geologic mapping, emphasizing Neogene stratigraphy and structure; (2) petrologic studies of Neogene igneous rocks; (3) radiometric age-dating; (4) geochemical surveying, including regional and site-specific water chemistry, stable isotopic analyses of thermal waters, whole-rock and mineral isotopic studies, and whole-rock chemical analyses; and (5) detailed geophysical surveys, using electrical, gravity and magnetic techniques, with electrical resistivity playing a major role. Regional geochemical water studies were conducted for the whole state. Integrated site-specific studies included the Animas Valley, Las Cruces area (Radium Springs and Las Alturas Estates), Truth or Consequences region, the Albuquerque basin, the San Ysidro area, and the Abiquiu-Ojo Caliente region. The Animas Valley and Las Cruces areas have the most significant geothermal potential of the areas studied. The Truth or Consequences and Albuquerque areas need further study. The San Ysidro and Abiquiu-Ojo Caliente regions have less significant geothermal potential. 78 figs., 16 tabs.

  9. Taxonomic review of the genus Chamaemelum Miller (Asteraceae in the Iberian peninsula and the Balearic lslands

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Benedí i González, Carles

    1988-01-01

    Full Text Available A taxonomic review of the genus Chamaemelum Miller (Asteraceae in the Iberian peninsula and the Balearic Islands is carried out. Two changes in nomenclature are proposed: Chamaemelum nobile ( L. All. forma discoideum (Willk. comb. & stat. nov. and C. fuscatum (Brot. Vasc. forma minor (Hoffmanns. & Link comb. & stat. nov. For each taxon the correct name as well as the corresponding synonyms are given. A dichotomic key of the recognized taxa and a list of the herharium sheets studied are provided.

    Se realiza una revisión taxonómica del género Chamaemelum Miller (Asteraceae en la Península Ibérica e Islas Baleares. Se proponen dos cambios nomenclaturles: Chamaemelum nobile (L. All. forma discoideum (Willk. comb. & stat. nov. y C. fuscatum (Brot. Vasc. forma minor (Hoffmanns. & Link comb. & stat. nov. Para cada taxon se da el nombre correcto, así como las correspondientes sinonimias. Se adjunta una clave dicotómica de los táxones reconocidos y una relación de los testimonios de herbario estudiados.

  10. Surviving in isolation: genetic variation, bottlenecks and reproductive strategies in the Canarian endemic Limonium macrophyllum (Plumbaginaceae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiménez, Ares; Weigelt, Barbara; Santos-Guerra, Arnoldo; Caujapé-Castells, Juli; Fernández-Palacios, José María; Conti, Elena

    2017-02-01

    Oceanic archipelagos are typically rich in endemic taxa, because they offer ideal conditions for diversification and speciation in isolation. One of the most remarkable evolutionary radiations on the Canary Islands comprises the 16 species included in Limonium subsection Nobiles, all of which are subject to diverse threats, and legally protected. Since many of them are single-island endemics limited to one or a few populations, there exists a risk that a loss of genetic variation might limit their long-term survival. In this study, we used eight newly developed microsatellite markers to characterize the levels of genetic variation and inbreeding in L. macrophyllum, a species endemic to the North-east of Tenerife that belongs to Limonium subsection Nobiles. We detected generally low levels of genetic variation over all populations (H T = 0.363), and substantial differentiation among populations (F ST = 0.188; R ST = 0.186) coupled with a negligible degree of inbreeding (F = 0.042). Obligate outcrossing may have maintained L. macrophyllum relatively unaffected by inbreeding despite the species' limited dispersal ability and the genetic bottlenecks likely caused by a prolonged history of grazing. Although several factors still constitute a risk for the conservation of L. macrophyllum, the lack of inbreeding and the recent positive demographic trends observed in the populations of this species are factors that favour its future persistence.

  11. Archaeological Sites Inventory of the High Priority Portions of Training Areas 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 11, 13, and H of the Pinon Canyon Maneuver Site, Las Animas County, Colorado

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-03-18

    1 2.0 PHY SICAL AND CULTURA L BA CK G RO UND...0- C"j -W (U 0 0 HH At the end of the Pleistocene - Brunswig’s (1992:6) Early Pre- Clovis subperiod (21,000 to 14,500 BP) - the climate in Colorado...Pre- Clovis period (14,000 to around 11,500 BP) warmer and more mesic conditions prevailed. On a large scale, and outside of Colorado, the global

  12. De Anima Arystotelesa oczami Franza Brentana. Budowa ludzkiej duszy na podstawie Die Psychologie des Aristoteles, insbesondere seine Lehre vom nous poietikos oraz w kontekście pozostałych prac ze zbioru Aristotelica**

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sonia Kamińska

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available This paper is a part of a project devoted to Brentano’s Aristotelian writings. I concentrate on his habilitation about Aristotle’s psychology, and especially on how he understood Aristotle’s division of mental life into three levels as well as the functions typical for these levels. I analyze two notions that Brentano introduces in his account: Zwischenglieder, meaning intermediary “levels” within the soul enabling smooth passages between the vegetative soul and sensory soul and between the latter and intellectual soul; and Gottverwandtschaft, i.e. human kinship with God, which is possible thanks to the noblest part of the soul. I also introduce two metaphors of the soul: cake-metaphor and fabric-metaphor.

  13. Interpretation of Pushkin's Anima Prototype from the Eugene Onegin%从《叶甫盖尼·奥涅金》解读普希金的阿尼玛原型

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李蓉蓉

    2011-01-01

    普希金在创作《叶甫盖尼·奥涅金》时,对女主人公达吉雅娜的形象塑造投入了自己最深厚的情感,他将自己的生活和精神历程投射于女主人公的形象中。在达吉雅娜身上可以看出与普希金相似的精神状态,也可看出普希金把自己某些缺失的精神层次寄托于达吉雅娜的形象上。达吉雅娜不仅是普希金塑造的一个人物,更是普希金潜意识中的女性一面,折射出普希金的生命追求和人格魅力。

  14. Avaliação das alterações do fluido crevicular gengival drenado de tecidos gengivais clinicamente normais submetidos à laser em baixa intensidade: estudo em anima nóbile

    OpenAIRE

    Livio de Barros Silveira

    2008-01-01

    Nesta area da periodontia em que se situam os tecidos gengivais, a circulacao sanguinea periferica do periodonto e o liquido sulcular gengival (proveniente do sulco gengival) sao as duas importantes barreiras imunologicas que atuam na defesa dessa regiao, que e, por excelencia, a porta de entrada e instalacao da doenca periodontal. O presente estudo objetiva avaliar a utilizacao de uma conduta conservadora, nao invasiva, de ativacao da barreira imunologica contra a instalacao da doenca period...

  15. Ragusan merchants and the Crusades in the Late Middle Ages. Financial support for the war and bequests pro anima... “ad pasagium turchorum seu saracenorum, et alliud super patarenos Bosnie”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Romano, Daniela

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Ragusan wills of 13th and 14th centuries reveal peculiar and unsuspected aspects about armed pilgrimages by proxy in the Balkans. The struggle against infedeles and heretics propagandized by the Roman Church finds financial support and full agreement in Dubrovnik citizens, also thanks to the Franciscan and Dominican preaching. Nobles, merchants, clerics and priests, craftsmen, men and women, they are all ready to take part in the Just war. Anyway they would fight only on the condition of leaving a sum of money to those who would fight for their souls’ salvation.

    I testamenti ragusei del XIII e XIV secolo rivelano aspetti particolari e per nulla indagati sul pellegrinaggio armato per procura in area balcanica. La lotta agli infedeles e agli eretici messa in atto dalla Chiesa di Roma trova sostegno economico e piena adesione nei cittadini di Dubrovnik, città-stato baluardo della cristianità più a levante, anche grazie alla campagna pubblicistica attuata da francescani e domenicani. Nobili, mercanti, chierici e preti, artigiani, uomini e donne partecipano alla giusta guerra, prevedendo lasciti per uomini che combatteranno per la salvezza delle anime dei testatori.

  16. The Historical Perspective of the Study of Medieval Aesthetics%中古美学研究的历史视角

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李春青

    2016-01-01

    For a long time,"Aesthetics" as a word is always very holy for us. It seems to have a sense of transcendence and purity when we refer to the Aesthetics or aesthetic problems. In the study of aesthetics or aesthetic history, most of people are not willing to re⁃search for the social and historical foundation of aesthetic activities and the formation process of aesthetic ideas, instead taking a static and synchronic point of view as a start for research work. But in fact, as like any other social and cultural phenomenon, aesthetic ques⁃tions are the products of history, be restricted to specific historical conditions, play some kind of social functions, and be constructed in accordance with certain rules. In the previous studies, medieval aesthetics also has a tendency of being holy for us, and attracts us to it, such as "Wei Jin demeanor","sound of Zhengshi","seven sages of bamboo grove", etc. However, if we research medieval aes⁃thetics from the historical perspective, we will find that there are not only political or ideological interests, but also all kinds of contra⁃dictions and conflicts in it. As far as the mainstream of medieval aesthetics is concerned, it embodies the aesthetic taste of the intelli⁃gentsia. However, as a special class, they were originated from the scholar-officials of Qin and Han Dynasties, in a word, nobility scholars. For them, aesthetic taste plays an important role in the justification of their privileged identity, and undertakes the historical function of class distinction.%长期以来,“美学”一直是一个很神圣的词语,似乎涉及“美学”或“审美”问题时总会有那么一点不食人间烟火、超尘拔俗的味道。人们在研究美学或美学史问题时,也往往是从静态的、共时性的角度出发的,不大愿意去追索在“审美”背后蕴含的社会历史原因及其生成过程。而事实上,美学问题也和其他任何社会文化现象一样,都是历史的产

  17. Assessment of historical surface-water quality data in southwestern Colorado, 1990-2005

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Lisa D.; Schaffrath, Keelin R.; Linard, Joshua I.

    2013-01-01

    The spatial and temporal distribution of selected physical and chemical surface-water-quality characteristics were analyzed at stream sites throughout the Dolores and San Juan River Basins in southwestern Colorado using historical data collected from 1990 through 2005 by various local, State, Tribal, and Federal agencies. Overall, streams throughout the study area were well oxygenated. Values of pH generally were near neutral to slightly alkaline throughout most of the study area with the exception of the upper Animas River Basin near Silverton where acidic conditions existed at some sites because of hydrothermal alteration and(or) historical mining. The highest concentrations of dissolved aluminum, total recoverable iron, dissolved lead, and dissolved zinc were measured at sites located in the upper Animas River Basin. Thirty-two sites throughout the study area had at least one measured concentration of total mercury that exceeded the State chronic aquatic-life criterion of 0.01 μg/L. Concentrations of dissolved selenium at some sites exceeded the State chronic water-quality standard of 4.6 μg/L. Total ammonia, nitrate, nitrite, and total phosphorus concentrations generally were low throughout the study area. Overall, results from the trend analyses indicated improvement in water-quality conditions as a result of operation of the Paradox Valley Unit in the Dolores River Basin and irrigation and water-delivery system improvements made in the McElmo Creek Basin (Lower San Juan River Basin) and Mancos River Valley (Upper San Juan River Basin).

  18. Study Drugs

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... study drugs: amphetamines like Adderall, Dexedrine, or Vyvanse methylphenidates like Ritalin or Concerta Most people get study ... How Much Sleep Do I Need? Prescription Drug Abuse How to Make Homework Less Work Organizing Schoolwork & ...

  19. Biofeasibility Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chaparian, Michael

    1995-01-01

    Discusses the use of bioremediation as a method for disposing of contaminants by exploiting natural biodegradation processes. The process of conducting a biofeasibility study and a case study are reviewed. (LZ)

  20. Novel and non-traditional use of stable isotope tracers to study metal bioavailability from natural particles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Croteau, Marie-Noële; Cain, Daniel J.; Fuller, Christopher C.

    2013-01-01

    We devised a novel tracing approach that involves enriching test organisms with a stable metal isotope of low natural abundance prior to characterizing metal bioavailability from natural inorganic particles. In addition to circumventing uncertainties associated with labeling natural particles and distinguishing background metals, the proposed "reverse labeling" technique overcomes many drawbacks inherent to using radioisotope tracers. Specifically, we chronically exposed freshwater snails (Lymnaea stagnalis) to synthetic water spiked with Cu that was 99.4% 65Cu to increase the relative abundance of 65Cu in the snail’s tissues from 32% to >80%. The isotopically enriched snails were then exposed to benthic algae mixed with Cu-bearing Fe–Al particles collected from the Animas River (Colorado), an acid mine drainage impacted river. We used 63Cu to trace Cu uptake from the natural particles and inferred their bioavailability from calculation of Cu assimilation into tissues. Cu assimilation from these particles was 44%, indicating that 44% of the particulate Cu was absorbed by the invertebrate. This demonstrates that inorganic particulate Cu can be bioavailable. The reverse labeling approach shows great potential in various scientific areas such as environmental contamination and nutrition for addressing questions involving uptake of an element that naturally has multiple isotopes.

  1. Studying Zooarchaeology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moore, Molly; Wolf, Deborah; Butler, Virginia L.

    2012-01-01

    Children often associate the study of bones with dinosaurs or crime scenes. This unit introduces students to "zooarchaeology," the study of animal remains from archaeological sites. Students in grades 3-5 engage in hands-on activities examining bones, shells, and other "hard parts" of animals. They use their observations as a starting point for…

  2. Deviance and Morals: a study of sixteenth-century Crete under Venetian rule: A first approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Romina N. Tsakiri

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available This article examines indicatively offences such as blasphemy, sodomy, adultery and bigamy and the penalties imposed by the Venetian authorities on the island of Crete in sixteenth century. As the sixteenth century was characterised by a strong tendency towards the moralisation of life in the states of Western Europe, State and Church focused on all forms of deviance from the Christian order: issues related to faith, individual behaviour, family life and sexuality, all became objects of discipline. The Venetian state, in collaboration with the church, also penalised offences related to Christian morality, in the island of Crete as well as elsewhere in the Venetian state. The attitude of the Venetian state towards Crete, differences between the city of Venice and the island in the administration of rules governing deviance and promoting moral standards were slight, despite the presence of a substantial Orthodox community. Although, in some offences related to family life Venetian law respected the customs of the Orthodox church. Furthermore, in some cases the treatment of Jews was stricter, as Jews were considered as a possible threat to Christianity and the social structure of the Venetian state. A more significant factor than religious difference on the treatment of these offences was class and economic status and gender. Finally, the moral discipline and strict control over aspects of community life was intended not only to promote the well-being of subjects, and therefore the administration of the state, but also the protection of the prestige, identity and financial interests of the ruling class of nobility.

  3. Initial Study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Torp, Kristian

    2009-01-01

    Congestion is a major problem in most cities and the problem is growing (Quiroga, 2000) (Faghri & Hamad, 2002). When the congestion level is increased the drivers notice this as delays in the traffic (Taylor, Woolley, & Zito, 2000), i.e., the travel time for the individual driver is simply...... increased. In the initial study presented here, the time it takes to pass an intersection is studied in details. Two major signal-controlled four-way intersections in the center of the city Aalborg are studied in details to estimate the congestion levels in these intersections, based on the time it takes...

  4. Actuarial Studies

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The Office of the Actuary in the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) from time to time conducts studies on various aspects of the Medicare and Medicaid...

  5. Studying Sideways

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Plesner, Ursula

    2011-01-01

    inequalities in relation to the people we study. This article argues that not all types of social scientific research interviews benefit from an à priori problematization of power and control, ethics and equality, or emancipation. From a constructivist perspective, the article seeks to displace...... the methodological concern with power related to the ideas of studying up or down and introduce another set of concerns in relation to producing good empirical material when we “study sideways.” The argument is based on analyses of interview situations from a concrete research project, where researcher...... and researched share professional background to some degree, where negotiations replace a researcher-imposed dialogue, and where the circulation of shared or common concepts messes up an orderly division between researchers’ vocabulary and interviewees’ vocabularies. It is proposed that when we study sideways...

  6. Floodplain Study

    Data.gov (United States)

    Montgomery County of Maryland — The purpose of a floodplain study is to establish the 100-year floodplain limits within or near a development in order to preserve the natural resources within the...

  7. Writing Study and Grammar Study

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马青

    2013-01-01

    This study is undertaken to describe,classify and analyze the problems in Chinese college students’ writing of CET-4 through contrastive analysis,statistical analysis and error analysis.The main problems appearing in CET-4 writing are the wrong usage of words,sentence structures and the lack of coherence.Meanwhile it proves grammar study plays an important and basic role in CET-4 writing.

  8. Loss of "Liberty" and Source of Equality——Tocqueville's Views on Nobility and Reign in Old Regime%"自由"的丧失和平等的起源——托克维尔论旧制度时代的贵族和王权

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄艳红

    2006-01-01

    托克维尔把贵族看作制约绝对王权、保障自由的天然屏障,但旧制度末年的法国贵族已经丧失了政治上的生气;特权等级观念、同政治生活和农民的隔绝使他们的权利和义务失去了平衡,使他们成为了社会的赘物;与此同时,绝对主义王权垄断了一切政治生活,锻造了一个人们日益要求平等的社会,但其代价是自由精神的丧失和空想政治的产生.

  9. Nobility and Simplicity The Differences between the l7 -Century Flemish and Dutch Art and Their Causes%富贵华丽与质朴凝练的撞击——17世纪佛兰德斯与荷兰美术的差异及成因

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张磊

    2007-01-01

    @@ 当尼德兰进入文艺复兴盛期的16世纪到来之时,它同时也成为了西班牙的属地.但由于这个"低地之国"北临北海的优越地理位置,当欧洲商业中心由地中海转向大西洋之时,尼德兰经济也得到快速发展,成为欧洲政治、经济、文化发达地区.

  10. 场域的力量:高校位置分层的社会学分析——兼论布尔迪厄《国家精英》%Strength of Field:Sociological Analysis for University "Position" Lamination——On "The State Nobility" by Pierre Bourdieu

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    石娟

    2010-01-01

    高校场域中的位置分层是各种资本数量、质量、结构所带来的必然结果,同时场域中的相应位置又会带来一定的资本.即经济资本、文化资本和社会资本,由此可见场域之间是有差异的,这种差异表现为高校之间和内部学业机制的差异.同时高校场域与外部的权利场域通过相互交融以及高校场域内部此消彼长的互动,促使高校运作机制更为有效.

  11. Studying CO

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Boullenger, B.; Verdel, A.; Paap, B.; Thorbecke, J.; Draganov, D.

    2014-01-01

    Seismic interferometry applied to ambient-noise measurements allows the retrieval of the seismic response between pairs of receivers. We studied ambient-noise seismic interferometry (ANSI) to retrieve time-lapse reflection responses from a reservoir during CO2 geologic sequestration, usin

  12. Study Strategies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Camilla Kirketerp; Noer, Vibeke Røn

    2016-01-01

    and theory forms the basis of the research. Veterinary students have been followed through alternating learning contexts referring to both the scholastic academic classrooms and workplaces in commercial pig herds as well as to group work and game-based situations in a mandatory master course - ”the pig......-disciplinary aspects on elements in the professionalisation process of nurse students and veterinary students. An inherent alternation between different learning rooms – scholastic academic classrooms and professional workplaces - is central to the profession-oriented educations. Educational structure and time...... theory and practice. Further, most empirical studies have been conducted in the part of the educations taking place in the work-oriented learning contexts (practice). The paper is based on two independent case-studies referring to the educational field of future nurses and future veterinarians. Both...

  13. Study protocol

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thorsteinsson, Troels; Helms, Anne Sofie; Adamsen, Lis;

    2013-01-01

    in the intervention program. The physical and social intervention examines the effect of early, structured, individualized, and continuous physical activity from diagnosis throughout the treatment period. The patients are tested at diagnosis, at 3 and 6 months after diagnosis, and one year after the cessation...... to interaction with peers.Methods/design: The RESPECT study is a nationwide population-based prospective, controlled, mixed-methods intervention study looking at children aged 6-18 years newly diagnosed with cancer in eastern Denmark (n = 120) and a matched control group in western Denmark (n = 120). RESPECT....... Secondary endpoints are quality of life measured by validated questionnaires and interviews, and physical performance. RESPECT includes a multimodal intervention program, including ambassador-facilitated educational, physical, and social interventions. The educational intervention includes an educational...

  14. Invisibility Studies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Invisibility Studies explores current changes in the relationship between what we consider visible and what invisible in different areas of contemporary culture. Contributions trace how these changes make their marks on various cultural fields and investigate the cultural significance of these de...... this conversation by bringing together scholars across the fields of architectural history and theory, art, film and literature, philosophy, cultural theory and contemporary anthropology as well as featuring work by a collective of artists.......Invisibility Studies explores current changes in the relationship between what we consider visible and what invisible in different areas of contemporary culture. Contributions trace how these changes make their marks on various cultural fields and investigate the cultural significance...

  15. Security Studies

    OpenAIRE

    ,

    2005-01-01

    Security Studies has firmly established itself as a leading journal on international security issues. The journal publishes theoretical, historical and policy-oriented articles on the causes and consequences of war, and the sources and conditions of peace. The journal has published articles on balancing vs. bandwagoning, deterrence in enduring rivalries, the Domino theory, nuclear weapons proliferation, civil-military relations, political reforms in China, strategic culture in Asia and the P...

  16. Plastiliinivõlur Peter Lord / Margit Tõnson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tõnson, Margit, 1978-

    2007-01-01

    PÖFFi animafilmide festivali "Animated Dreams" ja Nukufilmi 50. juubeli külaline, Bristolis asuva kuulsa Aardman Studio asutajaid ja režissöör Peter Lord oma stuudiost. Lisaks "Jumal on suur animaator, animaator on väike jumal"

  17. Õukondlik mäng võiks jääda õukonna asjaks / Olavi Pesti

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pesti, Olavi, 1950-

    2001-01-01

    Kuressaare kunstisuve põhjal vastuolust kriitikute ja kuraatorite ning kunstipubliku vahel. Kunstipubliku eelistustest. Näiteks toodud Margit Joonase näitus "Idealism ja nostalgia", Terje Ojaveri isiknäitus, tema kureeritud näitus "Anima(a)l" ja skulptuurid sellel näitusel Kuressaare linnuses, Anne Tootmaa kureeritud maakunstisündmus.

  18. Algas "Kunstisuvi 2001"

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2001-01-01

    2. juunist Kuressaare Raegaleriis Sirje Eelma kureeritud gotlandi ja eesti kunstnike (loetletud) fotode, installatsioonide ja maalide näitus "Avatud akende päevad" ning Kuressaare linnuses Terje Ojaveri kureeritud "Anima(a)l" (osalejaid). 16. juunist Pärnu Linnagaleriis rahvusvaheline väikegraafika näitus "Midigrafik II", mille aukülaliseks on Norra (osalejaid).

  19. Study protocol

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Helle Østergaard; Dam, Ole Henrik; Hageman, Ida

    2012-01-01

    and demographically matched control respondents will be contacted in a similar manner the subsequent winter season. The Seasonal Pattern Assessment Questionnaire rates seasonal variation within the six items: sleep, appetite, social activity, mood, energy and body weight. The Seasonal Pattern Assessment Questionnaire......INTRODUCTION: People with seasonal affective disorder (SAD) experience recurrent seasonal fluctuations in energy, mood and appetite. Retinal light exposure is suggested to play an important role in the pathogenesis and treatment of SAD. The aim of the study is to determine the prevalence of SAD...

  20. Complementary Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yamada, H.

    2009-02-01

    In this lecture, it is emphasized that sufficient resolution of scientific issues for a fusion energy reactor can be given by complementary studies. Key scientific issues for a fusion energy reactor and ITER addressed by a complementary study in the Large Helical Device (LHD) are discussed. It should be noted that ITER is definitely a necessary condition but not a sufficient condition. Helical systems including stellarators and heliotrons are defined as alternative concepts. These approaches also aim at a fusion energy reactor based on their own concept and simultaneously benefit progress in tokamaks, more specifically ITER itself. The exact science to manage a 3-D geometry has been being developed in helical systems. A physical model with much accuracy and breadth will demonstrate its applicability to ITER. Topics to validate "complementary" approaches such as 3-D equilibrium, interchange MHD mode, control of radial electric field & structure formation, dynamics of a magnetic island, density limit and edge plasmas are discussed. Complementary is not Supplementary. ITER is complementary to development of a helical fusion energy reactor as well. Complementary approaches transcend existing disciplinary horizons and enable big challenges.

  1. Poder económico y prestigio social afines del siglo XVII. Una indagación sobre las dotes de las nobles castellanas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Luz González Mezquita

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo propone el estudio de las dotes desde una perspectiva diferente a las realizadas desde una óptica exclusivamente económica, teniendo en cuenta que la historia entendida como proceso implica nociones de mediación, causación, contradicción y organización sistemática, en ocasiones estructurante de la vida social, política, económica e intelectual. El estudio de fuentes primarias permite una aproximación tanto a las relaciones intranobiliarias centradas en estrategias familiares para la consolidación de linajes como a la política del monarca en relación con la nobleza que intenta explicar desde la historia política y social la simbiosis entre la Corona y los titulados. A pesar de la "crisis" de los patrimonios nobiliarios desde fines del siglo XVI, las dotes eran imprescindibles ante la realización de un matrimonio y esto producía muchas veces un desfasaje entre los ingresos y los gastos. El endeudamiento se cubría en estas oportunidades con préstamos o favores regios. En cualquier caso, factores ideológicos, de ordenamiento social, de poder, las hacían necesarias como mecanismo a través de los cuales se llevaba a la práctica la reproducción del sistema socialThis work proposes the study of dowries from a different perspective to those carried out from an exclusively economic optic, keeping in mind that history understood as a process implies mediation and contradiction notions and systematic organization, in occasions structuring the social, politic, economic and intellectual life. The study of primary sources allows an approximation at the same time to the relationships inside the nobility centered in family strategies for the consolidation of Iineages, and to the king's politics in connection with the nobility that tries to explain from political and social history, the symbiosis among the Crown and the nobility. In spite of the "crisis" of the nobiliary patrimonies from the late XVIth century, the dowries were

  2. SOCIOLOGICAL STUDIES

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    PAPER Post-Sociology: Exploration and Reflection Xie Lizhong Abstract: "Post-Sociology" refers to a new perspective which is different from tradi- tional perspectives of social studies. "Post-Social History" and "Pluralistic Discourse Analysis" could be seen as its two specific examples. "Discourse Constructivism" and "Pluralism" are the two core concepts of "Post-Sociology". That encouraging people to realize that all "social reality" including our experiences, thoughts and speech are just a "discoursive reality" constructed by social actors under the guidance and constraints of certain discourse system, is the major significance of "PostSociology". Some critics on "Post-Sociology" are misunderstandings, while others couldn't stand to strict analysis.

  3. Conceptual study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Harty, H.

    1978-09-01

    This appendix is a compendium of topical reports prepared for the Hanford Nuclear Energy Center: Status Report: Conceptual Fuel Cycle Studies for the Hanford Nuclear Energy Center; Selection of Heat Disposal Methods for a Hanford Nuclear Energy Center; Station Service Power Supply for a Hanford Nuclear Energy Center (HNEC); Impact of a Hanford Nuclear Energy Center on Ground Level Fog and Humidity; A Review of Potential Technology for the Seismic Characterization of Nuclear Energy Centers; Reliability of Generation at a Hanford Nuclear Energy Center (HNEC); Meteorological Evaluation of Multiple Reactor Contamination Probabilities for a Hanford Nuclear Energy Center; Electric Power Transmission for a Hanford Nuclear Energy Center (HNEC); The Impact of a Hanford Nuclear Energy Center on Cloudiness and Insolation; and A Licensing Review for an HNEC.

  4. Nutritional studies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rambaut, P. C.; Smith, M. C., Jr.; Wheeler, H. O.

    1975-01-01

    Detailed metabolic studies were conducted of the Apollo 16 and Apollo 17 flight crews, and the results are presented in tabular form. Intake and absorption data are also included. Apollo nutrient intakes were found to be characteristically hypocaloric. Estimates of body composition changes from metabolic balance data, from preflight and postflight weights and volumes, and from total body water and potassium provide no evidence for diminished caloric requirements during a flight. As observed during the Gemini Program and during periods of bed rest, measurements of bone density and metabolic balance confirm a tendency toward loss of skeletal tissue in weightlessness. No evidence exists that any inflight metabolic anomaly, including hypokalemia, was induced by marginal or deficient nutrient intakes. In general, the Apollo crewmen were well nourished and exhibited normal gastroenterological functions, although appetite was somewhat diminished and the organoleptic response to food was somewhat modified during flight.

  5. Clinical Studies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pallesen, Ulla

    and repair? Have new materials improved longevity? Are there still clinical and material problems to be solved? And what has the highest impact on longevity of posterior resin restorations – the material, the dentist, the patient or the tooth? These matters will be discussed on the basis of the literature......Within the last 25 years composite resin materials have in many countries successively replaced amalgam as a restorative for posterior teeth. Resin materials and bonding systems are continuously being improved by the manufactures, adhesive procedures are now included in the curriculum of most...... universities and practicing dentists restore millions of teeth throughout the World with composite resin materials. Do we know enough about the clinical performance of these restorations over time? Numerous in vitro studies are being published on resin materials and adhesion, some of them attempting to imitate...

  6. Systems Studies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Graham, R.L.

    1998-03-17

    The Systems Studies Activity had two objectives: (1) to investigate nontechnical barriers to the deployment of biomass production and supply systems and (2) to enhance and extend existing systems models of bioenergy supply and use. For the first objective, the Activity focused on existing bioenergy markets. Four projects were undertaken: a comparative analysis of bioenergy in Sweden and Austria; a one-day workshop on nontechnical barriers jointly supported by the Production Systems Activity; the development and testing of a framework for analyzing barriers and drivers to bioenergy markets; and surveys of wood pellet users in Sweden, Austria and the US. For the second objective, two projects were undertaken. First, the Activity worked with the Integrated BioEnergy Systems (TBS) Activity of TEA Bioenergy Task XIII to enhance the BioEnergy Assessment Model (BEAM). This model is documented in the final report of the IBS Activity. The Systems Studies Activity contributed to enhancing the feedstock portion of the model by developing a coherent set of willow, poplar, and switchgrass production modules relevant to both the US and the UK. The Activity also developed a pretreatment module for switchgrass. Second, the Activity sponsored a three-day workshop on modeling bioenergy systems with the objectives of providing an overview of the types of models used to evaluate bioenergy and promoting communication among bioenergy modelers. There were nine guest speakers addressing different types of models used to evaluate different aspects of bioenergy, ranging from technoeconomic models based on the ASPEN software to linear programming models to develop feedstock supply curves for the US. The papers from this workshop have been submitted to Biomass and Bioenergy and are under editorial review.

  7. The Modernization Concept as an Integrative Framework for the Methodology of Studying Topical Issues in Russian History

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuri N. Smirnov

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available The article is devoted to a number of methodological and concrete historical questions raised in the monograph by Boris Mironov, “The Russian Empire: From Tradition to Modernity.” The monograph is based on the modernization concept. The variety of methods and techniques borrowed by the author from different scientific disciplines and schools, but which demonstrate their usefulness, provide a reason to call his approach “integrative.” Smirnov shares Mironov’s perspective on the possibility of determining the laws of Russia’s historical path, and on the positive prospects for Russia’s movement upon it. Particular attention is paid to how Mironov examines and interprets the course of Russian colonization, its influence on the internal processes in society in general, and on the fate of specific regions and the ethnic groups. In Mironov’s opinion, the inclusion of new lands in Russia has had generally beneficial effects for the country as a whole and for the people who inhabit it. Smirnov engages in a thought experiment in order to assess in how far Mironov’s conclusions are applicable to the southeast of Russia. The results prove the validity of the conclusions and their applicability to research of other colonized territories. The reviewer recognizes as valid the opinion that the economic reserves of serfdom had not been exhausted by the middle of the 19th century. The liberation of the peasants was caused by many factors, among which moral and cultural reasons were not in the last place. The imperial “Enlightened” bureaucracy became the leader of peasant and other reforms. The article expressed disagreement that the strengthening of the position of the nobility and their power over the peasants in the 18th century was determined by the decisive role of the guard in palace coups. Mironov’s book will stimulate new research and discussions on topical issues of Russian history.

  8. 宋代桐木韩氏家族世系考述%A Study on the Lineage of "Han Family with Phoenix Trees Around"in the Song Dynasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨恒平

    2011-01-01

    Han family with phoenix trees around is an extremely typical scholar-bureaucrat family po-litically and academically renowned in the Song Dynasty. Hart family started to become noble since Han Yi became an imperial scholar. And when his sons, Han Zong, Han Jiang, Han Wei and Han Zhen, got such positions as Prime Minister, deputy Prime Minister and official in charge of drafting imperial mandates, the family reached the highest nobility and enjoyed the greatest reputation for a time. The change of its native place and lineage succession of Han family are a microcosm of the rise and fall of typical scholar-bureaucrat families in the Song Dynasty.%桐木韩氏家族,是宋代极具代表性的以政治、学术显世的士大夫家族。自韩亿以进士起家,至其子韩综、韩绛、韩维、韩缜,产生了二宰相、一副宰相、一知制诰,衣冠之盛,一时为天下冠。其家族里籍变迁及世系传承就是典型宋代士大夫家族沉浮兴衰的缩影。

  9. Un tratado de nobleza de un regidor coruñés de principios del siglo XVII

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    García Hurtado, Manuel Reyes

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available We present the publication and annotated study of a treatise on nobility written about 1621 by Juan Melio de Sande, an councillor from A Coruña. We emphasise the characteristics common to these kinds of texts and we try to clarify the author’s motives. In his format, argument, and authorities referred to, he could only follow the most reputable specialists on the subject of genealogy at that time.

    Presentamos la publicación y el estudio anotado de un tratado de nobleza redactado hacia 1621 por el regidor de A Coruña Juan Melio de Sande. Hacemos hincapié en las características comunes a este tipo de textos e intentamos dilucidar las motivaciones de su autor. En su formato, argumentación y autoridades empleadas no hace sino seguir a los más reputados especialistas en materia nobiliaria de su tiempo.

  10. Social Success among Peninsular Immigrants in Peru: Integration, Prestige and Memory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge PÉREZ LEÓN

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper analyzes the social strategies used by some Spaniards in Peru during the eighteenth century. After achieving a certain amount of prosperity through business or by holding positions in the administration, these individuals pursued acceptance and recognition from their neighbors, an aim that necessarily led to integration. Marrying Creole women, obtaining all kinds of honorary positions along with ennoblement and post mortem legacies and foundations were some of the strategies used. The choice of a group of candidates for a position of nobility as the study sample provides a model of the social practices adopted by these groups, which were growing and fighting for their place in Peruvian society. 

  11. Fostering Effective Studying and Study Planning with Study Questions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilhelm, Pascal; Pieters, Jules M.

    2007-01-01

    In a course on biological psychology and neuropsychology, study questions were provided that also appeared as test questions in the course exam. This method was introduced to support students in active processing and reproduction of the study texts, and study planning. Data were gathered to test the hypothesis that study question use would be…

  12. Case Study: Testing with Case Studies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herreid, Clyde Freeman

    2015-01-01

    This column provides original articles on innovations in case study teaching, assessment of the method, as well as case studies with teaching notes. This month's issue discusses using case studies to test for knowledge or lessons learned.

  13. Nature in Hotel

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    Marriott International and Conservation International recently partnered up to form Nobility of Nature, an ambitious program providing grants to sustainable conservation efforts for preserving fresh water sources in China. The first such initiative was to provide

  14. Purple%颜色文化——紫色

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    @@ Royalty and Spirituality 高贵与信仰 Purple is royalty. A mysterious color, purple is associated with both nobility and spirituality. The opposites of hot red and cool blue combine to create this intriguing color.

  15. Environ: E00284 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available fficinale [TAX:142615], Dendrobium nobile [TAX:94219] Ruscaceae (lily-of-the-valley family) Dendrobium stem ...Crude drugs [BR:br08305] Monocot plants Ruscaceae (lily-of-the-valley family) E00284 Dendrobium ...

  16. AZITROMICINA NO TRATAMENTO DA ERLICHIOSE MONOCÍTICA EM CÃES NATURALMENTE INFECTADOS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniela Torres Cantadori

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The aims of this study were to evaluate the effectiveness of treatment with azithromycin in dogs naturally infected with E. canis, and to analyse the clinical and hematological changes the animals would show. Ten dogs with positive diagnosis for E. canis through Elisa Snap 4Dx test were distributed into two groups, untreated and treated with azithromycin, 20 mg/kg, orally once a day for seven days. In addition to the physical exam, complete blood counts (CBC, smears made out from blood of the ear margin in order to detect ehrlichial morulae and nested PCR before treatment and post-treatment were performed. We found that the treatment was not effective, since the clinical signs did not disappear, as well as there was no return to normal values of the CBC in treated animas, neither the elimination of E. canis from the infected animals.

  17. The Fall of Emily Grierson: A Jungian Analysis of A Rose for Emily

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chenghsun Hsu

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper discusses the tragic life of Faulkner’s Emily Grierson, a life dominated by patriarchy and traditional Southern social values, which concludes with her living as a lonely recluse in her family’s decaying aristocratic house for more than forty years until her death. The key of the tragedy is her father, who isolates Emily from the outside world and tortures her with traditional patriarchal rules and Southern family duty. Emily is expected to lead a life like other girls; however, under the burden of old-fashioned, patriarchal responsibilities, her inner world collapses. This study uses the Jungian concepts of archetypes, persona and shadow, anima and animus to interpret Emily’s transitions and her fall. By examining the process through the lens of Jungian theories, the aspects that affect her fall in the patriarchal, aristocratic society, as well as the inherited social values, can be revealed and specified

  18. Paraguayan Education Study: A Pilot Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garcia, Patricia

    A qualitative pilot study, guided by an ecological framework, illustrates the complexities involved in studying the unique linguistic situation in Paraguay between Spanish and the indigenous language of Guarani, and its relationship with education. The pilot study interviewing eight kindergarten children. Seventy five children have been…

  19. Case Study: Writing a Journal Case Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prud'homme-Genereux, Annie

    2016-01-01

    This column provides original articles on innovations in case study teaching, assessment of the method, as well as case studies with teaching notes. This month's issue describes incorporating a journal article into the classroom by first converting it into a case study.

  20. Feasibibility study - cases

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lund, Henrik; Hvelplund, Frede Kloster; Sukkumnoed, Decharut

    2004-01-01

    The chapter presents two case studies to show the tools of feasibiliy studies within the context of technological innovation.......The chapter presents two case studies to show the tools of feasibiliy studies within the context of technological innovation....

  1. Building Transdisciplinary Environmental Studies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holm, Jesper

    2006-01-01

    Conceptual analytical-methodological conceptualization of crossdisciplinary sustainability studies......Conceptual analytical-methodological conceptualization of crossdisciplinary sustainability studies...

  2. Pliocene and Quaternary Deposits in the Northern Part of the San Juan Basin in Southwestern Colorado and Northwestern New Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scott, Glenn R.; Moore, David W.

    2007-01-01

    levels in various valleys within the northern San Juan Basin. Except where the Lava Creek B volcanic ash (0.639 mega-annum) is interbedded in them, these crudely bedded accumulations of sandy or clayey material washed from side drainages and added little to our reconnaissance stratigraphic study. Scattered landslide deposits consist of unsorted, mixed soil and fragments of rock. Loess and local silty and clayey sheetwash alluvium 6-12 feet (2-4 meters) thick form a veneer on low terraces. On higher terraces, such as Red Mesa east of the La Plata River and Florida Mesa east of the Animas River, loess and sheetwash alluvium generally are about 20 feet (6 meters) thick but can be as thick as 40-50 feet (12-15 meters) in places on Florida Mesa. When using the Lava Creek B volcanic ash as a time datum, apparently the timing of late Cenozoic continental deposition in the region was broadly similar to that in the Denver Basin-Front Range region and some other glaciated mountain ranges in the Rocky Mountains. A more accurate dating of Quaternary alluviation must await a thorough dating of the deposits. Thick, extensive outwash gravel indicates enhanced deposition during glacial epochs.

  3. Pig liver sectorization and segmentation and virtual reality depiction Setorização e segmentação hepática do suíno e sua representação em realidade virtual

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dinamar José Zanchet

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To determine pig liver sectorization and segmentation through the representation of their correlation to portal and hepatic veins, and through the development of virtual reality (VR animation. METHODS: Twenty models were obtained by injection of portal and hepatic veins from Landrace pig livers with a methyl methacrylate solution, and by corrosion of the hepatic parenchyma with chloride acid 35%. VR animation of one of these models was conducted through graphic software (3D Studio Max 3.0. RESULTS: Constant presence of eight segments and six venous drainage sectors was observed. Pig portal vein bifurcation was not noticed. Hepatic veins were named according to their embryological origin. Correlation between venous system and hepatic parenchyma was established by means of VR animation. CONCLUSION: These models facilitated both the study of pig hepatic sectors and segments, and the proposal of hepatic veins nomenclature. These models have also been used for the development of VR animated models which show the correlation between the hepatic parenchyma and the pig liver venous system as well as the observation of them from several points of view.OBJETIVO: Determinar a setorização e a segmentação do fígado do suíno da raça Landrace, apresentando a sua relação com a veia porta e com as veias hepáticas, e desenvolver uma animação em realidade virtual. MÉTODOS: Foram obtidos 20 moldes por meio de injeção de uma solução de metil metacrílico nas veias hepáticas e porta, e corrosão do parênquima hepático com ácido clorídrico a 35%. Um desses moldes serviu como base para se desenvolver uma animação em realidade virtual do órgão utilizando-se o programa de computação gráfica 3D Studio Max. RESULTADOS: Observou-se a presença constante de oito segmentos e seis setores de drenagem venosa. Não se constatou uma bifurcação na veia porta do suíno. As veias hepáticas foram nomeadas com base na origem embriol

  4. German Studies in America. German Studies Notes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sander, Volkmar; Osterle, Heinz D.

    This volume contains two papers, "German Studies in America," by Volkmar Sander, and "Historicism, Marxism, Structuralism: Ideas for German Culture Courses," by Heinz D. Osterle. The first paper discusses the position of German studies in the United States today. The greatest challenge comes from low enrollments; therefore,…

  5. Study of lip prints: A forensic study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vikash Ranjan

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Although several studies have been done on lip prints for human identification in forensic science, there is a doubt about their use in gender determination. Aims: The present study was designed to study the lip groove patterns in all the quadrants of both male and female subjects to identify the sex, based on the patterns of the grooves of the lip prints. Study Design: 300 lip prints were collected from volunteers of D. J. College of Dental Sciences and Research, Modinagar (UP. Materials and Methods: Lip prints were recorded with lip stick and transferred on to a glass slide. Statistical Analysis: Pearson chi-square test was adopted for statistical analysis and probability value (P value was calculated. Conclusion: In our study, none of the lip prints were identical, thus confirming the role of lip prints in individual identification. According to Suzuki′s classification, Type I, II, III and IV patterns were significant in gender determination.

  6. Jõmmu näitab filme

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Emajõe Lodjaselts, Kinobuss ja PÖFF korraldavad Tartu tudengipäevadel Hansalodjas Jõmmu filmivaatamisi levis harvanähtavate filmidega (tudengifilmid, anima- ja lühifilmid, eksperimendid). 21.okt. on kavas ka hittfilm "Meeletu"

  7. 76 FR 12992 - National Register of Historic Places; Notification of Pending Nominations and Related Actions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-09

    ... San Juan County Animas Forks, (Mining Industry in Colorado, MPS) Address Restricted, Silverton, 11000095 Minnie Gulch Cabins, (Mining Industry in Colorado, MPS) Address Restricted, Silverton, 11000096 Placer Gulch Boarding House, (Mining Industry in Colorado, MPS) Address Restricted, San Juan,...

  8. Identification of positional candidate genes for response to crowding stress in rainbow trout

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fish under intensive rearing conditions experience various stressors which have negative impacts on survival, growth, reproduction and fillet quality. Identifying and characterizing the molecular mechanisms underlying stress responses will facilitate the development of strategies for improving anima...

  9. Preliminary evidence that ketamine inhibits spreading depolarizations in acute human brain injury

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sakowitz, Oliver W; Kiening, Karl L; Krajewski, Kara L

    2009-01-01

    BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Spreading depolarizations, characterized by large propagating, slow potential changes, have been demonstrated with electrocorticography in patients with cerebral hemorrhage and ischemic stroke. Whereas spreading depolarizations are harmless under normal conditions in anima...

  10. "Animateek" näitab Kumus Oscariga pärjatud nukufilmi "Petja ja hunt" / Kristiina Davidjants

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Davidjants, Kristiina, 1974-

    2008-01-01

    Animaürituste sari "Animateek" tähistab täna rahvusvahelist animapäeva, näidates Suzie Templetoni animafilmi (32 min) Sergei Prokofjevi muusikateose alusel "Petja ja hunt" : Suurbritannia - Norra - Poola 2006

  11. Tšehhi animafilmi lipp püsib kõrgel / Tiit Tuumalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tuumalu, Tiit, 1971-

    2005-01-01

    IX Pimedate Ööde Filmifestivali alafestivali "Animated Dreams" peakülaline on oma kaheksast filmist koosneva retrospektiiviga tšehhi animaator Michaela Pavlatova. Lisatud : Priit Pärn "Soovitan!"

  12. Animatsioon ei hammusta

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    IX Pimedate Ööde Filmifestivali alafestival "Animated Dreams" ja seal esinevad külalised : tšehhi animaator Michaela Pavlatova, Chris J. Robinson Kanadast, Anna Doyle Suurbritanniast. Lisatud animafestivali ajakava

  13. Epigenetic Effects of Di(2-ethylhexyl) Phthalate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Epidemiological and laboratory investigations suggest that, in addition to genetic changes, environmental pollutants can affect human health through altering epigenetic mechanisms including DNA methylation, histone modification, and microRNA expression. There is evidence in anima...

  14. Mutanttulnukad ja festivalid pimedas öös / Bill Plympton ; interv. Mikk Rand, tõlk. Elen Lotman

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Plympton, Bill

    2002-01-01

    USA animaator, illustraator ja karikaturist Bill Plympton (1946), kelle animafilm "Mutanttulnukad" ("Mutant Aliens") osales Pimedate Ööde Filmifestivalil 2001. aasta detsembris. Vestlus toimus samal festivalil. Lisatud filmograafia

  15. Chronic Pseudomonas aeruginosa lung infection is more severe in Th2 responding BALB/c mice compared to Th1 responding C3H/HeN mice

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Moser, C; Johansen, H K; Song, Z;

    1997-01-01

    The chronic Pseudomonas aeruginosa lung infection in cystic fibrosis (CF) is characterized by a pronounced antibody response and microcolonies surrounded by numerous polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMN). Poor prognosis is correlated with a high antibody response to P. aeruginosa antigens. An anima...

  16. Andres Tenusaar näitab teise korruse filme / Tiiu Laks

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laks, Tiiu, 1984-

    2006-01-01

    Nukufilmi animaator Andres Tenusaar organiseerib Kanuti Gildi saali teisel korrusel filmirogrammi "Teise korruse filmid" näitamist, kuhu kuuluvad noorte filmitegijate eksperimentaalse suunitlusega filmid, näiteks tema enda "Olematu olek", Martin Sookaela "Üksi"

  17. Toyavita Piavuhuru Koroin ’Canyon of Mother Earth’ Ethnohistory and Native American Religious Concerns in the Fort Carson - Pinon Canyon Maneuver Area.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-08-10

    rises in the Sangre de Cristo range, I and the headwaters of the Rio Grande. This pre-reservation range overlapped with that of the Taos Pueblo Indians...river was commonly called the El Rio de Las Animas Perdidas en Purgatorio, Las Animas, Purgatory, Purgatoire, Picket-Wirei and Picketwire. The original...et al. 1974:183). The Jicarilla Apache ethnic origin account considers the Arkansas, Canadian, Rio Grande and Pecos Rivers sacred streams the Creator

  18. "Kunstisuvi 2001"

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2001-01-01

    Kuressaare Raegaleriis 2. VI-15. VII eesti & gotlandi kunstnike näitus "Avatud akende päevad". Nädalalõppudel öösiti valguskuuldemäng "Akende öö Kuressaare raekojas". Kuraator Sirje Eelma. Kuressaare linnuses 2.-30. VI rahvusvaheline näitus "Anima(a)l". Kuraator Terje Ojaver. Pärnu Linnagaleriis 16. VI-29. VII "Midigrafik II"

  19. Humanities, Digital Humanities, Media studies, Internet studies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brügger, Niels

    the interplay between four areas which until now to a certain extent have been separated: Traditional Hu- manities, Digital Humanities, Media studies, and Internet studies. The vision is followed by an outline of how it can be unfolded in concrete activities, in the form of research projects, research......Todays expanding digital landscape constitutes an important research object as well as the research environment for the Humanities at the beginning of the 21st century. Taking this state of affairs as a starting point this inaugural lecture presents a vision for how the digital affects...

  20. Case study research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taylor, Ruth; Thomas-Gregory, Annette

    2015-06-10

    This article describes case study research for nursing and healthcare practice. Case study research offers the researcher an approach by which a phenomenon can be investigated from multiple perspectives within a bounded context, allowing the researcher to provide a 'thick' description of the phenomenon. Although case study research is a flexible approach for the investigation of complex nursing and healthcare issues, it has methodological challenges, often associated with the multiple methods used in individual studies. These are explored through examples of case study research carried out in practice and education settings. An overview of what constitutes 'good' case study research is proposed.

  1. FEMA DFIRM Study Info

    Data.gov (United States)

    Minnesota Department of Natural Resources — This table contains details about the study such as the study name, datum, projection, etc. There is normally only one record in this table for each Flood Insurance...

  2. 522 Postmarket Surveillance Studies

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The 522 Postmarket Surveillance Studies Program encompasses design, tracking, oversight, and review responsibilities for studies mandated under section 522 of the...

  3. Future Circular Collider Study

    CERN Document Server

    Benedikt, Michael

    2014-01-01

    This presentation has been given during the 1st EuCARD-2 annual meeting. It contains: • Motivation & scope • Parameters & design challenges • Study organization, study time line • Preparing global FCC collaboration • Summary

  4. Case Study Teaching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herreid, Clyde Freeman

    2011-01-01

    This chapter describes the history of case study teaching, types of cases, and experimental data supporting their effectiveness. It also describes a model for comparing the efficacy of the various case study methods. (Contains 1 figure.)

  5. Post-Approval Studies

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The CDRH Post-Approval Studies Program encompasses design, tracking, oversight, and review responsibilities for studies mandated as a condition of approval of a...

  6. Chemical Industry Bandwidth Study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    none,

    2006-12-01

    The Chemical Bandwidth Study provides a snapshot of potentially recoverable energy losses during chemical manufacturing. The advantage of this study is the use of "exergy" analysis as a tool for pinpointing inefficiencies.

  7. What Are Sleep Studies?

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Share this page from the NHLBI on Twitter. Sleep Studies Also known as polysomnography. Sleep studies are ... Sleep Rate This Content: Updated: December 9, 2016 Sleep Infographic Sleep Disorders & Insufficient Sleep: Improving Health through ...

  8. CISSP study guide

    CERN Document Server

    Conrad, Eric; Feldman, Joshua; Riggins, Kevin

    2011-01-01

    "The Eleventh Hour CISSP Study Guide" is keyed to the latest CISSP exam. This book is streamlined to include only core certification information and is presented for ease of last-minute studying. Main objectives of the exam are covered concisely with key concepts highlighted. This is the only guide you need for last-minute studying. This title answers the toughest questions and highlights core topics. This title can be paired with any other study guide so you are completely prepared.

  9. Pyridostigmine Synergistic Toxicity Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1995-05-31

    AND DEET IN THE LABORATORY RAT 1. Executive Sum m ary .............................................................................................. 2 2...TOXICOLOGICAL STUDY 75-48-2665 ACUTE ORAL TOXICITY STUDY OF PYRIDOSTIGMINE BROMIDE. PERMETHRIN. AND DEET IN THE LABORATORY RAT 1. REFERENCES: See Appendix A... LABORATORY RAT 1. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine potential toxic interactions when pyridostigmine bromide. permethrin. and DEET are given

  10. Social Psychoanalytic Disability Studies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goodley, Dan

    2011-01-01

    This paper explores connections and tensions between psychoanalysis and disability studies. The first part of the paper considers contemporaneous engagements with the psyche by a number of disability studies writers. These scholars have remained accountable to a politicised disability studies but have pushed for critical encounters with the…

  11. STUDYING ON THE INTERNET

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    正Nowadays the Internet is more and more popular.I think it is a good way of learning. First,the Intemet enables people to study whenever and wherever it is convenient. They can also choose to study whatever they are interested in.However,a traditional school doesn't provide such great freedom.Students have to study given sub-

  12. Study deep geothermal energy; Studie dypgeotermisk energi

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Havellen, Vidar; Eri, Lars Sigurd; Andersen, Andreas; Tuttle, Kevin J.; Ruden, Dorottya Bartucz; Ruden, Fridtjof; Rigler, Balazs; Pascal, Christophe; Larsen, Bjoern Tore

    2012-07-01

    The study aims to analyze the potential energy with current technology, challenges, issues and opportunities for deep geothermal energy using quantitative analysis. It should especially be made to identify and investigate critical connections between geothermal potential, the size of the heating requirements and technical solutions. Examples of critical relationships may be acceptable cost of technology in relation to heating, local geothermal gradient / drilling depth / temperature levels and profitability. (eb)

  13. The EcoIogicaI HeaIth of Breeding AnimaI Products QuaIity and Safety Prob-Lems in Economics%生态健康养殖畜禽产品质量安全的经济学问题研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陆昌华; 储新民; 胡肄农; 甘泉; 孙友珍; 谭业平; 郁达威; 臧一天; 刘亮; 田景福

    2015-01-01

    为保障畜禽产品有效供给和公共卫生安全,以稳步提升我国动物卫生安全水平为目标,文章采用动物卫生经济学思路,认为我国畜禽养殖的多元化经营存在着与规模经济理论相悖的情况。在描述和分析动物疫病及其畜禽产品供应链上质量安全监管机制的同时,阐述国外畜禽产品质量安全研究概况。针对国内畜禽养殖业发展阶段与管理现状,指出我国畜禽安全管理的最薄弱环节是生产阶段。我国面临着对安全、优质畜禽产品市场及出口需求与众多分散、无组织的小规模家庭生产矛盾。探讨生态健康养殖畜禽产品质量安全的经济学问题,剖析了影响畜禽产品销售利润的因素。结合某养猪场的案例,从兽医角度与经济角度2个方面考虑,对疫病防控做成本—收益实证分析。最后提出解决畜禽及其产品质量安全问题的建议。%In order to ensure the effec-tive supply of animal products and pub-lic health safety, this article introduced the basic concepts and methods of ani-mal economics to analysis the contrary situation of the diversification livestock and scale economic theory. Additionally, the animal diseases and livestock prod-ucts quality supply chain and safety su-pervision mechanism were described and analyzed, while foreign animal product quality and safety research were overviewed. In view of the present situa-tion of development and management of livestock, pointed out that the weakest point of the livestock products quality in Chi na is the livestock production stage. China is facing market and export de-mand for safety, high quality of animal products with a number of scattered, un-organized small family production con-tradiction. The factors that affect animal products sales profit and the economics problems of animal products quality and safety were analyzed. Combined with the case of a pig farm, from the perspective of veterinary and economic to consider an empirical analysis of disease preven-tion and control cost-benefit.At last,some suggestions were put forward on sloving animal products quality and safety prob-lems.

  14. 《哈利·波特与阿兹卡班囚徒》中动物意象解析--基于图形-背景的理论视角%AnaLysis of the AnimaL Images of Harry potter and the prisoner of Azkaban Based on“Figure_Ground”Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐汉谷; 李金妹

    2015-01-01

    The spread and prevalence of Harry porter novels in the world has formed a kind of cultural phenomenon. The“figure_ground”theory produced from the psychology can not only be used for the interpretation of language,but also be used for cogni_tive interpretation of literary works. Based on“figure _ground”theory,the animal images of Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban are analyzed and the narrative craftsmanship of the novel is illustrated.%哈利·波特系列小说在全世界范围内的传播和流行已经形成一种文化现象。产生于心理学的图形—背景理论不仅可用于对语言的解读,也可用于对文学作品进行认知解读。基于图形—背景理论视角,对《哈利·波特与阿兹卡班囚徒》中的动物意象进行解析,阐释小说叙事的匠心所在。

  15. Studying Engineering Practice

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Buch, Anders

    2015-01-01

    The study of engineering practices has been the focus of Engineering Studies over the last three decades. Theses studies have used ethnographic and grounded methods in order to investigate engineering practices as they unfold in natural settings - in workplaces and engineering education. However......, engineering studies have not given much attention to conceptually clarifying what should be understood by 'engineering practices' and more precisely account for the composition and organization of the entities and phenomena that make up the practices. This chapter investigates and discusses how a 'practice...... will draw out some methodological consequences and discuss the ramifications of a practice theoretical approach for Engineering Studies....

  16. Translation Studies: an overview

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristina García de Toro

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available The article briefly outlines the main schools and approaches that make up the current landscape of Translation Studies. The purpose of this paper is to offer an introduction to translation theory for those who are beginning their studies in this field or whose knowledge of Translation Studies is tangential. The article starts with a few preliminary matters, such as the question of what Translation Studies is and how the discipline has been mapped out. Then it moves on to examine the theoretical considerations that have been developed since the second half of the 20th century, with special attention being paid to the most recent decades. In this section, which is devoted to theoretical considerations, I will review some of the fundamental issues from a theories of equivalence and comparisons between languages; b functionalist theories; c discursive approaches; d polysystem theory, descriptive studies and norms; e cultural studies; f philosophical theories; g latest contributions to the field of Translation Studies; and h interdisciplinary and integrating approaches. Keywords: translation studies, contemporary theories, linguistic approaches, descriptive studies, cultural studies.

  17. Why Study in Australia?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁丽丽

    2014-01-01

    Going overseas to pursue further studies is even more generalized in recent years. Students are open to a variety of op-tions to decide which country to go and which university to choose. Why wouldn’t you want to study with some of the best minds in the world? Australia is a leading global education power, with world’s best educators and facilities. It also provides both local and international students with a variety of quality study options. This essay presents some of the important reasons why in-ternational students should study in Australia in regard to education quality, affordable fees, government support, multiple cultures and immigration policies.

  18. Contemporary American Chinese Studies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Qiu Huafei

    2008-01-01

    The rise of modern American scholarship on China was largely attributed to the establishment of the American Joint Committee on Contemporary China (JCCC) in 1959 which sponsored all kinds of activities to promote Chinese studies, ranging from institutional support and financial resources to training courses. Since then, American study of China has entered into a period of sustainability that features academic and group-oriented research. It has become a mainstream discipline in American social science studies.1 There are some distinctive differences between early sinology and modern Chinese Studies: the latter is much more concentrated on the study of issues, comparative historical studies, and contemporary Chinese society. American Chinese studies stresses empirical research, textual data, and the application of theory to practice.Shanghai. He was a Fulbright visiting professor at State University of New York at Geneseo from 2006-2007. This treatise is one of a series of studies for China's National Research Foundation of Philosophy and Social Science (05BGJ012), "American Chinese Studies."

  19. Studies on seismic waves

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张海明; 陈晓非

    2003-01-01

    The development of seismic wave study in China in the past four years is reviewed. The discussion is divided into several aspects, including seismic wave propagation in laterally homogeneous media, laterally heterogeneous media, anisotropic and porous media, surface wave and seismic wave inversion, and seismic wave study in prospecting and logging problems. Important projects in the current studies on seismic wave is suggested as the development of high efficient numerical methods, and applying them to the studies of excitation and propagation of seismic waves in complex media and strong ground motion, which will form a foundation for refined earthquake hazard analysis and prediction.

  20. Information society studies

    CERN Document Server

    Duff, Alistair S

    2013-01-01

    We are often told that we are ""living in an information society"" or that we are ""information workers."" But what exactly do these claims mean, and how might they be verified? In this important methodological study, Alistair S. Duff cuts through the rhetoric to get to the bottom of the ""information society thesis."" Wide-ranging in coverage, this study will be of interest to scholars in information science, communication and media studies and social theory. It is a key text for the newly-unified specialism of information society studies, and an indispensable guide to the future of this disc

  1. Project management case studies

    CERN Document Server

    Kerzner, Harold R

    2013-01-01

    A new edition of the most popular book of project management case studies, expanded to include more than 100 cases plus a ""super case"" on the Iridium Project Case studies are an important part of project management education and training. This Fourth Edition of Harold Kerzner''s Project Management Case Studies features a number of new cases covering value measurement in project management. Also included is the well-received ""super case,"" which covers all aspects of project management and may be used as a capstone for a course. This new edition:Contains 100-plus case studies drawn from re

  2. Safety Study in Aviation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marek Štumper

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this article is to provide a brief look at safety studies, which are a necessary part of every change of system or a new system in aviation. The main focus is put on the area of air traffic management, because it affects most of the aviation stakeholders. The article begins with a description of safety and safety assessment of changes in systems. Then it discusses analysis of processes, hazard identification and risk assessment. Main part focuses on Safety studies and briefly describes the elements of the study. At the end, possible ways of safety study evaluation are mentioned.

  3. Designing satisfaction studies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kristensen, Kai; Eskildsen, Jacob Kjær

    2007-01-01

    In the effect sampling method, presentation of researcher, the intro text, the order of questions in the questionnaire along with the number of categories in the rating scale is tested in relation to the design of satisfaction studies. Based on the analyses specific recommendations for designing...... satisfaction studies are given....

  4. Asterisk Grade Study Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kokorsky, Eileen A.

    A study was conducted at Passaic County Community College (PCCC) to investigate the operation of a grading system which utilized an asterisk (*) grade to indicate progress in a course until a letter grade was assigned. The study sought to determine the persistence of students receiving the "*" grade, the incidence of cases of students receiving…

  5. Simulation in International Studies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boyer, Mark A.

    2011-01-01

    Social scientists have long worked to replicate real-world phenomena in their research and teaching environments. Unlike our biophysical science colleagues, we are faced with an area of study that is not governed by the laws of physics and other more predictable relationships. As a result, social scientists, and international studies scholars more…

  6. Prolactinomas : clinical studies

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kars, Marleen

    2008-01-01

    Prolactinoma are treated with dopamine agonists, which are effective in reducing prolactin and tumor size. Studies reporting clinical and radiological outcome are scarce. The study described in chapter 2, assesses long-term outcome in patients treated with dopamine agonists for macroprolactinoma. An

  7. MY ENGLISH STUDY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙岩; Roxanne; Lees

    2003-01-01

    I am a student of Yanshan University, majoring in English. I have studied English for a long time, which is full of (and have encountered some) special experiences (in my studies). After graduation from (a) junior (middle) school, I did not go to senior (middle) school for

  8. American Studies in Transition

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nye, David

    Papers first given at a conference the previous year in Fåborg, Denmark, with a dual focus on 20th century America and new methods in American Studies.......Papers first given at a conference the previous year in Fåborg, Denmark, with a dual focus on 20th century America and new methods in American Studies....

  9. Pacific Studies: Quo Vadis?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anne Holden Rønning

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Looking back to the past this paper discusses why Pacific studies and in particular Australasian studies became an area of interest in tertiary education in Europe. What subject areas initiated these studies, and how do past legacies shape the present? With cutbacks in higher education over the past two decades the future of interdisciplinary studies and the humanities looks bleak. At the same time due to global business and increased political communication across borders there is a vibrant interest in and need for such studies among businesses and students. For most Europeans the literature of settler countries, with their European legacy, makes access to ways of thought and culture easier than studies of countries with other mythological backgrounds. In today’s multicultural environment such studies can provide knowledge for an understanding of other cultures and increase tolerance of the ‘other’. Area studies have relevance to our situation in Europe with increased migrancy, not least as a result of Schengen and EU regulations.

  10. E-study

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘洪毓

    2002-01-01

    The rapid development in inforrnation technology is set to make the average home a virtual (实质上的) university campus. E-study (or online study), the latest trend in distance education, could leave university traditions suchas attending lectures,

  11. Studies of Personality Disorders

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ronningstam, Elsa; Simonsen, Erik; Oldham, John M;

    2014-01-01

    The past 25 years have shown major advances in the studies of personality disorders. This collaborative article by the presidents, past and present, of ISSPD reflects on the progress within several significant areas of studies, i.e., assessment, neuroscience, treatment, prevention, advocacy...

  12. Study Groups in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hjorth, Poul G.

    2007-01-01

    Since 1998 European Study Groups have been held in Denmark, and Danish companies from LEGO and NOVO to very small high-tech firms have participated. I briefly describe the history, the organisation and the format of the Danish Study Groups, and highlight a few problem solutions....

  13. Get Oriented: Study Japan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parramore, Barbara M.

    1981-01-01

    Recommends that students in social studies classes be exposed to a study of Japan because of the wide array of contrasts possible between Japan and the United States. Information is presented on Japan's modernization, global status, language, decision-making processes, and ancient traditions. (DB)

  14. Electromagnetic induction studies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hermance, J. F.

    1983-04-01

    Recent developments in electromagnetic induction studies of the lithosphere and the asthenosphere are reviewed. Attention is given to geoelectrical studies of active tectonic areas in terms of the major zones of crustal extension, the basin and range province along western regions of North America, and the Rio Grande rift. Studies have also been performed of tectonic activity around Iceland, the Salton Trough and Cerro Prieto, and the subduction zones of the Cascade Mountains volcanic belt, where magnetotelluric and geomagnetic variation studies have been done. Geomagnetic variations experiments have been reported in the Central Appalachians, and submarine electromagnetic studies along the Juan de Fuca ridge. Controlled source electromagnetic and dc resistivity investigations have been carried out in Nevada, Hawaii, and in the Adirondacks Mountains. Laboratory examinations on the conductivity of representative materials over a broad range of temperature, pressure, and chemistry are described.

  15. Critical Digital Tourism Studies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gyimóthy, Szilvia; Munar, Ana María

    2013-01-01

    This paper advocates the need for a critical and cross-disciplinary research agenda on the field of digital technologies and tourism. The changing virtual landscape of tourism has received increased attention by tourism scholars. However, contemporary studies on information technologies (IT......) are approached mostly from a business administration perspective and informed by conceptual frameworks developed in management and marketing. IT studies in tourism are still at a stage similar to the first advocacy phase of tourism research in general (Jafari, 1990) and are seldom inspired by relevant...... to studying digital socio-technical systems and virtual mediation in tourism. Critical Digital Tourism Studies opens a new cross-disciplinary field where the sociality of virtual tourism interactions is examined (entailing the study of structures, social rules, ideologies, power relations, sustainability...

  16. Entrepreneurship and Process Studies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hjorth, Daniel; Holt, Robin; Steyaert, Chris

    2015-01-01

    Process studies put movement, change and flow first; to study processually is to consider the world as restless, something underway, becoming and perishing, without end. To understand firms processually is to accept but also – and this is harder perhaps – to absorb this fluidity, to treat...... a variable as just that, a variable. The resonance with entrepreneurship studies is obvious. If any field is alive to, and fully resonant with, a processual understanding of, for example, the creation of firms, it is entrepreneurship studies. This special issue is an attempt to consider the promise...... and potential of processual approaches to studying, researching and practising entrepreneurship. The articles in the issue attest to an increasing sensitivity to processual thinking. We argue that appreciating entrepreneurial phenomena processually opens up the field to an understanding of entrepreneurship...

  17. Single Policy Study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kronsell, Annica; Manners, Ian James

    2015-01-01

    the relevance of single policy studies in EU research and give examples of how such research can be designed and carried out. The chapter reviews three examples of single policy studies using different methods based on EU environmental policy, the EU biofuels directive, and the EU Common Security and Defence...... Policy (CSDP). The examples are illustrative of how single policy studies can be designed to use different approaches in the analysis: multiple streams approach to policy-making; a comparative hypothesis testing; and feminist institutional theory.......Single policy studies are the most common form of European Union (EU) research. Single policy studies are widely used to understand the role of the EU in a wide variety of sectors, together with their development over time, and often offer public policy prescriptions. This chapter discusses...

  18. Effective Physics Study Habits

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zettili, Nouredine

    2011-04-01

    We discuss the methods of efficient study habits and how they can be used by students to help them improve learning physics. In particular, we deal with ideas pertaining to the most effective techniques needed to help students improve their physics study skills. These ideas were developed as part of Project IMPACTSEED (IMproving Physics And Chemistry Teaching in SEcondary Education), an outreach grant funded by the Alabama Commission on Higher Education. This project is motivated by a major pressing local need: A large number of high school physics teachers teach out of field. In the presentation, focus on topics such as the skills of how to develop long term memory, how to improve concentration power, how to take class notes, how to prepare for and take exams, how to study scientific subjects such as physics. We argue that the student who conscientiously uses the methods of efficient study habits will be able to achieve higher results than the student who does not; moreover, a student equipped with the proper study skills will spend much less time to learn a subject than a student who has no good study habits. The underlying issue here is not the quantity of time allocated to the study efforts by the student, but the efficiency and quality of actions. This work is supported by the Alabama Commission on Higher Education as part of IMPACTSEED grant.

  19. China's India Studies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liu Qian

    2008-01-01

    Over the past 50 years, with the improvement of relationship between India and China, the scope of India studies in China's IR research has been broadened and the new areas of studies are being explored. The research agenda of India studies has already extended to the areas like economy, society, culture, security, national strategy and their impact on both bilateral and international relations. In this situation, the focuses of India studies in China's IR research can be mainly identified as follows: reviews on India's social, political and economic systems; analysis on the national strategy and foreign policy; Sino-Indian relations; India's relations with some international organizations. However, even though many fresh progresses have been made in India studies, the India studies in China's IR research still lag far behind the study of other important countries like the U.S., UK, Russia and Japan, and more problems and challenges will face in the coming future. The paper believes that a fuller understanding of India probably will not make China and India close friends, but it definitely will help to prevent them from becoming fierce enemies.

  20. Lead Time Study,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-05-01

    AD-A128 318 LEAD TIME STUDY (U) ARMY ARMAMENT RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CDMMAND DOVER NJ SYSTEMS ANALYSIS DIV dI-T~~ CHU MAY 82 ARRAA 82- 3/ /l N...EhhEEE--E 1111.0 U 1 - I 1120 1.25I1,,-. 11.6 MICROCOPY RESOLUTION TESI CHARI NATIONAL BUREAU 01 STANDARDt 19t,3 A co LEAD TIME STUDY c*A JULIE CHU MAY...188 D I.-f . . .... .. - r - .. " ’- -~ L - - _ _ __ ARRAA 82-3 LEAD TIME STUDY Prepared by:_ JL CHU Reviewed by:Li t’ ( LAWRENCE J. QWUNI Chief, Sys

  1. Studying Voltage Transformer Ferroresonance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hamid Radmanesh

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available This study studies the effect of Circuit Breaker Shunt Resistance (CBSR, Metal Oxide Vaistor (MOV and Neutral earth Resistance (NR on the control of ferroresonance in the voltage transformer. It is expected that NR can controlled ferroresonance better than MOV and CBSR. Study has been done on a one phase voltage transformer rated 100 VA, 275 kV. The simulation results reveal that considering the CBSR and MOV exhibits a great mitigating effect on ferroresonance overvoltages, but these resistances cannot control these phenomena for all range of parameters. By applying NR to the system structure, ferroresonance has been controlled and its amplitude has been damped for all parameters values.

  2. Border region studies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Makkonen, Teemu; Williams, Allan

    2016-01-01

    The contemporary conditions of academic capitalism exert pressures on researchers to avoid ‘peripheral’ journals and ‘unfashionable’ topics. Here an attempt is made to shed light onto the structure of one such ‘offbeat’ field, namely ‘border region studies’, by discussing its geographical...... distribution, key themes, significance and impact. The review suggests that border region studies can be considered a significant and important ‘branch’ of regional studies, which accounts for a small but increasing proportion of regional studies research particularly in Europe and North America. Four main...

  3. American Studies in Romania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ioana Luca

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available American Studies at the University of BucharestThe idea of teaching American Studies and founding a program in American Studies was first voiced in the long meetings of faculty and students held at the University of Bucharest soon after the collapse of the communist regime. The proposal was one of many that reflected the spirit of reform and hope for radical changes at the outset of Romania’s transition to democracy. The absence of institutional structures other than English departments and t...

  4. Building Transdisciplinary Environmental Studies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holm, Jesper

    We will in this paper approach the challenge of building integrated environmental studies by presenting a crude frame of analysis which take into account both the physical aspects and the social-discursive articulations of environmental problems. This framework partly mirrors the approach of our...... department (Dept. of Environment, Technology and Social Studies, Roskilde University), and has originally in another version been presented in the book “Miljøregulering - tværvidenskabelige studier (Environmental Regulation. Interdisciplinary Studies)” (Holm, Kjærgård & Pedersen eds. 1997, in Danish) written...

  5. Advances in Sleep Studies

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... of this page please turn JavaScript on. Feature: Sleep Disorders Advances in Sleep Studies Past Issues / Summer 2015 ... is the director of the National Center on Sleep Disorders Research (NCSDR) in the NIH's National Heart, Lung, ...

  6. Agricultural Health Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... type Progress Annual Report to the Nation Cancer Portfolio Snapshots Milestones in Cancer Research & Discovery Stories of ... the Agricultural Health Study (1994–2007). Environmental Health Perspectives 2011; online May 27, doi:10.1289/ehp. ...

  7. PPB | Study Team

    Science.gov (United States)

    The Pleuropulmonary Blastoma (PPB) DICER1 Syndrome Study team is made up of researchers from the National Cancer Institute, Children¹s National Medical Center, the International Pleuropulmonary Blastoma Registry, and Washington University in St. Louis.

  8. Upper Kenai Corridor Study

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — The Upper Kenai Corridor study describes and evaluates the Upper Kenai River and the land which embraces it. It also places the river corridor in its regional...

  9. Schoolground Soil Studies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doyle, Charles

    1978-01-01

    Outlined are simple activities for studying soil, which can be conducted in the schoolyard. Concepts include soil profiles, topsoil, soil sizes, making soil, erosion, slope, and water absorption. (SJL)

  10. The Study of Matter.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campbell, Peter

    2000-01-01

    Reviews the booklet "The Study of Matter" produced by the Institute of Physics as part of their Shaping the Future series. This booklet is designed for teachers of chemistry, physics, design and technology, and biology. (Author/CCM)

  11. Learn about Clinical Studies

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... is to make sure that the study is ethical and that the rights and welfare of participants ... trials provide the basis for the development and marketing of new drugs, biological products, and medical devices. ...

  12. Chamberino Floodplain Management Study

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — The Dona Ana County Flood Commission requested the United States Department of Agriculture's Natural Resources Conservation Service to conduct a study of the...

  13. Pavement Subgrade Performance Study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zhang, Wei; Ullidtz, Per; Macdonald, Robin

    1998-01-01

    The report describes the second test in the Danish Road Testing Machine (RTM) under the International Pavement Subgrade Performance Study. Pavement response was measured in different layers, and compared to different theroretical values. Performance in terms of plastic strains, rutting...

  14. Exploratory studies, 1988

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1989-05-01

    This report discusses the following topics: accelerator physics for the ALS; SSC support; machine investigations; mathematical techniques in particle dynamics; APIARY: B-factory studies; and two-beam accelerators and bright electron sources.

  15. Workshop I: Gender Studies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hennessey, Eden; Kurup, Anitha; Meza-Montes, Lilia; Shastri, Prajval; Ghose, Shohini

    2015-12-01

    Participants in the Gender Studies workshop of the 5th IUPAP International Conference on Women in Physics discussed the gender question in science practice from a policy perspective, informed by investigations from the social science disciplines. The workshop's three sessions—"Equity and Education: Examining Gender Stigma in Science," "A Comparative Study of Women Scientists and Engineers: Experiences in India and the US," and "Toward Gender Equity Through Policy: Characterizing the Social Impact of Interventions—are summarized, and the resulting recommendations presented.

  16. Pregnancy: a demographic study

    OpenAIRE

    Laufer, Linda

    1987-01-01

    A retrospective study of 126 pregnant females, presenting to a chiropractor’s office was made. The average age of the patient was 29.8 years. Their backgrounds were career oriented and for the majority, it was their first pregnancy. The most frequent complaint was lower back pain. The study outlines the necessity for further data on the role of the chiropractic management of the pregnant patient.

  17. CHAROITE. EXPERIMENTAL STUDIES

    OpenAIRE

    MARCHUK MARINA V.; MEDVEDEV VLADIMIR YA.; IVANOVA LARISA A.; SOKOLOVA TATYANA S.; DANILOV BORIS S.; GLADKOCHUB DMITRY P.

    2016-01-01

    The article provides an overview of experimental studies of charoite and charoite-containing rock formation hypotheses. The authors conducted experiments to clarify charoite and host rocks interaction and study charoite transformation processes at high temperatures. A series of experiments was aimed at improving the substandard charoite samples. The experiments show the formation of polymineral reaction zones due to the contact interaction between charoite and microcline-arfvedsonite lamproph...

  18. Zambia country study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1999-09-01

    The Zambia Country Study, which was part of the Danida-funded project Climate Change Mitigation in Southern Africa: Phase 2, aimed at methodological development, national mitigation analysis and institutional capacity building in Zambia. The study comprised the following five elements: Comprehensive evaluation of national social and economic development framework for climate change; Baseline scenario(s) projection(s); Mitigation scenario(s) projection(s); Macro-economic assessment; Implementation Issues. (au) 17 refs.

  19. PET studies in epilepsy

    OpenAIRE

    Sarikaya, Ismet

    2015-01-01

    Various PET studies, such as measurements of glucose, serotonin and oxygen metabolism, cerebral blood flow and receptor bindings are availabe for epilepsy. 18Fluoro-2-deoxyglucose (18F-FDG) PET imaging of brain glucose metabolism is a well established and widely available technique. Studies have demonstrated that the sensitivity of interictal FDG-PET is higher than interictal SPECT and similar to ictal SPECT for the lateralization and localization of epileptogenic foci in presurgical patients...

  20. Tanzania country study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Meena, H.E. [Centre for Energy, Environment, Science and Technology, Dar es Salaam (Tanzania, United Republic of)

    1998-10-01

    An objective of this study is to analyse the role of the land use sectors of Tanzania (especially forestry) on mitigation of greenhouse gases. Specific emphasis is placed on the relationship between forestry and energy supply from biomass. This is a follow up study on an earlier effort which worked on mitigation options in the country without an in-depth analysis of the forestry and land use sectors. (au)

  1. Blast Overpressure Studies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1998-05-01

    USAARL Contract Report No. CR-98-Ö3 Blast Overpressure Studies By Daniel L. Johnson EG&G Management Systems, Inc. Albuquerque, New Mexico May...Both studies were done at the Blast Overpressure-Kirtland Test Site (BOP-KTS) in New Mexico . Under a contract conducted for the USAMRMC, EG&G was... TDH -4 9 elements mounted in a David Clark 9AN/2 ear muff for added noise isolation. The calibration of the earphones was accomplished using a Bruel

  2. Definition Study PHARUS

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-11-01

    definitie studie zijn gebruikt in het voorontwerp van het PHARUS systeem . TNO report STUDelft Page 6 ABSTRACT 3 SAMENVAlTING 4 CONTENTS 6 1 INTRODUCTION 9...University of Technology, Laboratory for Telecommunication and Remote Sensing Technology. FEL-TNO had tke lead and was responsible for the project management ...Aerospace Programs in Delft was responsible for the program management . The definition study PHARUS was started in the first half of 1988 and ended

  3. Study on Military Professionalism

    Science.gov (United States)

    1970-06-30

    Education Study. Washington: July 1966. 88. United States vs Yamashita, Action of Confirming Authority. I 7 February 1946. 89. Vroom , Victor H . Work and...I’ H N. PART II -METHODOLOGY A. MISSION. The mission assigned for this study was to assess the existing climate of professionalism in today’s Army...factors to such a degree that they were truly consequential in this assessment of the H professional climate. One can draw this conclusion from three

  4. Networked Microgrids Scoping Study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Backhaus, Scott N. [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Dobriansky, Larisa [General MicroGrids, San Diego, CA (United States); Glover, Steve [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Liu, Chen-Ching [Washington State Univ., Pullman, WA (United States); Looney, Patrick [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Mashayekh, Salman [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Pratt, Annabelle [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Schneider, Kevin [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Stadler, Michael [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Starke, Michael [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Wang, Jianhui [Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States); Yue, Meng [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)

    2016-12-05

    Much like individual microgrids, the range of opportunities and potential architectures of networked microgrids is very diverse. The goals of this scoping study are to provide an early assessment of research and development needs by examining the benefits of, risks created by, and risks to networked microgrids. At this time there are very few, if any, examples of deployed microgrid networks. In addition, there are very few tools to simulate or otherwise analyze the behavior of networked microgrids. In this setting, it is very difficult to evaluate networked microgrids systematically or quantitatively. At this early stage, this study is relying on inputs, estimations, and literature reviews by subject matter experts who are engaged in individual microgrid research and development projects, i.e., the authors of this study The initial step of the study gathered input about the potential opportunities provided by networked microgrids from these subject matter experts. These opportunities were divided between the subject matter experts for further review. Part 2 of this study is comprised of these reviews. Part 1 of this study is a summary of the benefits and risks identified in the reviews in Part 2 and synthesis of the research needs required to enable networked microgrids.

  5. Corrosion evaluation of gold-based dental alloys.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Corso, P P; German, R M; Simmons, H D

    1985-05-01

    Three commercial gold-based dental alloys and three constant-nobility ternary alloys (Au-Ag-Cu) were evaluated for corrosion using a quantitative test battery. Integration of the current density, in a de-aerated solution of 1% NaCl along the approximate potential range found in the mouth (-300 mV to +300 mV vs. SCE), yields a quantitative rank ordering of the test alloys. The results are combined with prior findings on other commercial alloys to demonstrate the interaction of nobility and microstructure. Nobility determines the overall corrosion resistance for gold-based alloys. However, because of mutual insolubility, alloying with copper induces silver segregation, resulting in a higher corrosion rate at a given nobility. Thus, microstructure has an influence on corrosion, but heat treatments are largely ineffective in altering the basic corrosion characteristics. The test techniques, in combination with tarnish evaluations, provide a quantitative battery for alloy evaluation. The results indicate the combinations of nobility, microstructure, and environment most likely to avoid corrosion difficulties.

  6. Photovoltaics information user study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Belew, W.W.; Wood, B.L.; Marie, T.L.; Reinhardt, C.L.

    1980-10-01

    The results of a series of telephone interviews with groups of users of information on photovoltaics (PV) are described. These results, part of a larger study on many different solar technologies, identify types of information each group needed and the best ways to get information to each group. The report is 1 of 10 discussing study results. The overall study provides baseline data about information needs in the solar community. It covers these technological areas: photovoltaics, passive solar heating and cooling, active solar heating and cooling, biomass energy, solar thermal electric power, solar industrial and agricultural process heat, wind energy, ocean energy, and advanced energy storage. An earlier study identified the information user groups in the solar community and the priority (to accelerate solar energy commercialization) of getting information to each group. In the current study only high-priority groups were examined. Results from seven PV groups respondents are analyzed in this report: DOE-Funded Researchers, Non-DOE-Funded Researchers, Researchers Working for Manufacturers, Representatives of Other Manufacturers, Representatives of Utilities, Electric Power Engineers, and Educators.

  7. Cosmos-1989 immunology studies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sonnenfeld, Gerald

    1991-01-01

    Evidence from both human and rodent studies has indicated that alterations in immunological parameters occur after space flight. The number of flight experiments has been small, and the full breadth of immunological alterations occurring after space flight remains to be established. Among the major effects on immune responses after space flight that have been reported are: alterations in lymphocyte blastogenesis and natural killer cell activity, alterations in production of cytokines, changes in leukocyte sub-population distribution, and decreases in the ability in the ability of bone marrow cells to respond to colony stimulating factors. Changes have been reported in immunological parameters of both humans and rodents. The significance of these alterations in relation to resistance to infection remains to be established. The current study involved a determination of the effects of flight on Cosmos mission 2044 on leukocyte subset distribution and the sensitivity of bone marrow cells to colony stimulating factor-GM. A parallel study with antiorthostatic suspension was also carried out. The study involved repetition and expansion of studies carried out on Cosmos 1887.

  8. Studying Organizations on Instagram

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Uta Russmann

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available With the rise of social media platforms based on the sharing of pictures and videos, the question of how such platforms should be studied arises. Previous research on social media (content has mainly focused on text (written words and the rather text-based social media platforms Twitter and Facebook. Drawing on research in the fields of visual, political, and business communication, we introduce a methodological framework to study the fast-growing image-sharing service Instagram. This methodological framework was developed to study political parties’ Instagram accounts and tested by means of a study of Swedish political parties during the 2014 election campaign. In this article, we adapt the framework to also study other types of organizations active on Instagram by focusing on the following main questions: Do organizations only use Instagram to share one-way information, focusing on disseminating information and self-presentation? Or is Instagram used for two-way communication to establish and cultivate organization-public relationships? We introduce and discuss the coding of variables with respect to four clusters: the perception of the posting, image management, integration, and interactivity.

  9. Oxidizer Scoping Studies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chancellor, Christopher John [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)

    2016-11-07

    The purpose of this report is to present the results of the acceptable knowledge (AK) review of oxidizers present in active waste streams, provide a technical analysis of the oxidizers, and report the results of the scoping study testing. This report will determine the fastest burning oxidizer to be used in the development of a Test Plan for Preparation and Testing of Sorbents Mixed with Oxidizer found in Transuranic Waste (DWT-TP-001). The companion report, DWT-RPT-002, Sorbent Scoping Studies, contains similar information for sorbents identified during the AK review of TRU waste streams. The results of the oxidizer and sorbent scoping studies will be used to inform the QL1 test plan. The QL1 test results will support the development of a basis of knowledge document that will evaluate oxidizing chemicals and sorbents in TRU waste and provide guidance for treatment.

  10. Techniques for carcinogenicity studies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weisburger, E K

    1981-09-01

    Short-term tests to detect genetic, chromosomal, or DNA damage are now required by regulatory agencies for any new compound proposed for commercial production. Furthermore, full-scale carcinogenicity tests may be required for certain compounds. In this circumstance, the compound-related factors including stability, purity, physical properties, and chemical structure and reactivity must be considered. Animal factors include species and strain of test animal, route of administration, age, sex, diet, and spontaneous tumor incidence. A team of qualified investigators with experience in various disciplines is required to conduct the studies properly. Quality control measures and adherence to the code of good laboratory practice are also necessary during all phases of the study. The investment in a carcinogenicity study therefore becomes fairly substantial in terms of both time and money.

  11. Seal design alternatives study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Van Sambeek, L.L. [RE/SPEC Inc., Rapid City, SD (US); Luo, D.D.; Lin, M.S.; Ostrowski, W.; Oyenuga, D. [Parsons Brinckerhoff Quade & Douglas, Inc., San Francisco, CA (US)

    1993-06-01

    This report presents the results from a study of various sealing alternatives for the WIPP sealing system. Overall, the sealing system has the purpose of reducing to the extent possible the potential for fluids (either gas or liquid) from entering or leaving the repository. The sealing system is divided into three subsystems: drift and panel seals within the repository horizon, shaft seals in each of the four shafts, and borehole seals. Alternatives to the baseline configuration for the WIPP seal system design included evaluating different geometries and schedules for seal component installations and the use of different materials for seal components. Order-of-magnitude costs for the various alternatives were prepared as part of the study. Firm recommendations are not presented, but the advantages and disadvantages of the alternatives are discussed. Technical information deficiencies are identified and studies are outlined which can provide required information.

  12. Waarom Jesus-studies?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. A. Geyser

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available Why Jesus studies? Present-day historical Jesus studies are the epistemological product of what has become known as the New Historicism. The aim of the article is to emphasize two aspects of the New Historicism as epistemological approach. The one aspect focuses on the profitability of this endeavour and the other on the historical nature of the New Historicism. As far as profitability is concerned, the social standing and identity of the researcher are emphasized. Among otherthings, the social interests of the researcher are taken into account. Concerning the historical nature of this kind of research, a distinction is drawn between the Jesus of history and the Jesus of faith. The aim of the article is to gain clarity on the relationship between the Jesus of history (pre-Easter and the Jesus of faith (post-Easter. J D Crossan's exposition of the reasons for Jesus studies is followed. He distinguishes three reasons: historical, ethical and theological.

  13. International user studies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Lene; Madsen, Sabine; Jensen, Iben;

    in Sydhavnen, and it is funded by InfinIT. Based on a qualitative interview study with 15 user researchers from 11 different companies, we have investigated how companies collect and present data about users on international markets. Key findings are: Companies do not collect data about end users in all....../region. The preferred data collection method is field studies. If possible, user researchers choose to go to the field themselves to gain rich insights and to control the data collection process. The main insights companies gain from international user studies are (1) that there are many similarities among end users...... across nationalities and (2) that it often is more important to focus on and take differences in market conditions into account than national culture per se. Companies are in the process of finding out how best to present the insights about international end users to their employees. However, so far...

  14. Danish Rural Eye Study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Høeg, Tracy B; Moldow, Birgitte; Ellervik, Christina;

    2015-01-01

    PURPOSE: To determine the prevalence of amblyopia in Denmark before and after the initiation of the Danish national preschool vision screening programme. METHODS: In a population-based cross-sectional study, 3826 participants of the Danish General Suburban Population Study (GESUS) aged 20 years...... and older from a Danish rural municipality received a complete general health examination and an ophthalmological interview and examination. This study included a comprehensive ophthalmologic interview, measurement of best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) in each eye, Hirschberg's test for strabismus and two...... 45-degree retinal fundus photographs of each eye. A complete ophthalmologic examination was performed when indicated. RESULTS: The prevalence of monocular visual impairment (MVI) was 4.26% (95% CI, 3.66-4.95, n = 163). Amblyopia was the most common cause, accounting for 33%. The prevalence...

  15. NMR studies of metalloproteins.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Hongyan; Sun, Hongzhe

    2012-01-01

    Metalloproteins represent a large share of the proteomes, with the intrinsic metal ions providing catalytic, regulatory, and structural roles critical to protein functions. Structural characterization of metalloproteins and identification of metal coordination features including numbers and types of ligands and metal-ligand geometry, and mapping the structural and dynamic changes upon metal binding are significant for understanding biological functions of metalloproteins. NMR spectroscopy has long been used as an invaluable tool for structure and dynamic studies of macromolecules. Here we focus on the application of NMR spectroscopy in characterization of metalloproteins, including structural studies and identification of metal coordination spheres by hetero-/homo-nuclear metal NMR spectroscopy. Paramagnetic NMR as well as (13)C directly detected protonless NMR spectroscopy will also be addressed for application to paramagnetic metalloproteins. Moreover, these techniques offer great potential for studies of other non-metal binding macromolecules.

  16. Cosmos: 1989 immunology studies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sonnenfeld, Gerald

    1991-01-01

    The effects of flight on Cosmos mission 2044 on leukocyte subset distribution and the sensitivity of bone marrow cells to colony stimulating factor-GM were determined. A parallel study with antiorthostatic suspension was also carried out. The study involved repetition and expansion of studies performed on Cosmos 1887. Spleen and bone marrow cells were obtained from flown, vivarium control, synchronous control, and suspended rats. The cells were stained with a series of monoclonal antibodies directed against rat leukocyte cell surface antigens. Control cells were stained with a monoclonal antibody directed against an irrelevant species or were unstained. Cells were then analyzed for fluorescence using a FACSCAN flow cytometer. Bone marrow cells were placed in culture with GM-CSF in McCoy's 5a medium and incubated for 5 days. Cultures were then evaluated for the number of colonies of 50 cells or greater.

  17. Current Automotive Holometry Studies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marchi, Mitchell M.; Snyder, D. S.

    1990-04-01

    Holometry studies of automotive body and powertrain components have become a very useful high resolution test methodology to knowledgeable Ford engineering personnel. Current examples of studies that represent the static or dynamic operational conditions of the automotive test component are presented. Continuous wave laser holometry, computer aided holometry (CAH) and pulsed laser holometry were the holometric techniques used to study the following subjects: (1) body in prime (BIP) vibration modes, (2) transmission flexplate stud-torque converter deformation due to engine torque pulses, (3) engine cylinder head and camshaft support structure deformation due to cylinder pressure and (4) engine connecting rod/cap lift-off. Static and dynamic component loading and laboratory techniques required to produce usable and valid test results are discussed along with possible conclusions for the engineering concerns.

  18. Parylene C Aging Studies.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Achyuthan, Komandoor; Sawyer, Patricia Sue.; Mata, Guillermo Adrian; White II, Gregory Von; Bernstein, Robert

    2014-09-01

    Parylene C is used in a device because of its conformable deposition and other advantages. Techniques to study Parylene C aging were developed, and "lessons learned" that could be utilized for future studies are the result of this initial study. Differential Scanning Calorimetry yielded temperature ranges for Parylene C aging as well as post-deposition treatment. Post-deposition techniques are suggested to improve Parylene C performance. Sample preparation was critical to aging regimen. Short-term (%7E40 days) aging experiments with free standing and ceramic-supported Parylene C films highlighted "lessons learned" which stressed further investigations in order to refine sample preparation (film thickness, single sided uniform coating, machine versus laser cutting, annealing time, temperature) and testing issues ("necking") for robust accelerated aging of Parylene C.

  19. Studies in Rheoencephalography (REG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael Bodo

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available This article presents an overview of rheoencephalography (REG – electrical impedance measurements of the brain – and summarizes past and ongoing research to develop medical applications of REG for neuro-critical care and for primary prevention of stroke and cardiovascular disease. The availability of advanced electronics and computation has opened up the potential for use of REG technology as a noninvasive, continuous and inexpensive brain monitor for military and civilian applications. The clinical background information presented here introduces physiological and clinical environments where REG has potential for use in research and clinical settings. REG studies over the past three decades have involved in vitro and in vivo groups (animal and human, including more than 1500 measurements and related electronic and computational results and practical applications. In vitro studies helped researchers understand the flow/volume relationship between Doppler ultrasound and electrical impedance signals and supported development of REG data processing methods. In animal studies, REG was used to monitor the lower limit of cerebral blood flow (CBF autoregulation (AR using a newly developed algorithm. These animal studies also confirmed correlations between REG and measurements of carotid flow (CF and intracranial pressure (ICP. Human studies confirmed the applicability of REG for detecting cerebrovascular alteration, demonstrating the usefulness of REG in the field of stroke/cardio-vascular disease prevention. In these studies, REG was compared to known stroke risk factors and to results obtained using carotid ultrasound measurements. An intelligent REG system (Cerberus has been developed for primary stroke prevention. In these studies, the biologically relevant variables of the REG signal were pulse amplitude (minimum – maximum distance and duration of the anacrotic (rising portion of the REG pulse wave. The principal limitation of REG for

  20. Objectivist case study research

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ridder, Hanne Mette Ochsner; Fachner, Jörg

    2016-01-01

    be achieved through the use of objectivist case study research. The strength of the case study design is that it allows for uncovering or suggesting causal relationships in real-life settings through an intensive and rich collection of data. According to Hilliard (1993), the opposite applies for extensive...... designs, in which a small amount of data is gathered on a large number of subjects. With the richness of data, the intensive design is ―the primary pragmatic reason for engaging in single-case or small N research‖ (p. 374) and for working from an idiographic rather than a nomothetic perspective....

  1. CCNA Wireless Study Guide

    CERN Document Server

    Lammle, Todd

    2010-01-01

    A complete guide to the CCNA Wireless exam by leading networking authority Todd Lammle. The CCNA Wireless certification is the most respected entry-level certification in this rapidly growing field. Todd Lammle is the undisputed authority on networking, and this book focuses exclusively on the skills covered in this Cisco certification exam. The CCNA Wireless Study Guide joins the popular Sybex study guide family and helps network administrators advance their careers with a highly desirable certification.: The CCNA Wireless certification is the most respected entry-level wireless certification

  2. Critical cyberculture studies

    CERN Document Server

    Silver, David; Jones, Steve

    2006-01-01

    Starting in the early 1990s, journalists and scholars began responding to and trying to take account of new technologies and their impact on our lives. By the end of the decade, the full-fledged study of cyberculture had arrived. Today, there exists a large body of critical work on the subject, with cutting-edge studies probing beyond the mere existence of virtual communities and online identities to examine the social, cultural, and economic relationships that take place online. Taking stock of the exciting work that is being done and positing what cyberculture's future might look like, Criti

  3. Study and Move Forward

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    @@ Chairman Mao once said: "Good good study, day day up", which can be roughly deciphered as 'study hard,keep improving'. Chinese people still remember his advice, even in the days of market-oriented reform. Today, one of the utmost urgent tasks for Chinese students is to master the English language. Chinese students start learning English from the kindergarten and English testing is normally a must for most universities. With the Olympic Games coming to Beijing in 2008, the central government has another reason to call its people to master the most popular tongue on our planet.

  4. DWPF Welder Parametric Study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Plodinec, M.J.

    1998-11-20

    After being filled with glass, DWPF canistered waste forms will be welded closed using an upset resistance welding process. This final closure weld must be leaktight, and must remain so during extended storage at SRS. As part of the DWPF Startup Test Program, a parametric study (DWPF-WP-24) has been performed to determine a range of welder operating parameters which will produce acceptable welds. The parametric window of acceptable welds defined by this study is 90,000 + 15,000 lb of force, 248,000 + 22,000 amps of current, and 95 + 15 cycles* for the time of application of the current.

  5. Photothermal degradation studies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liang, R. H.

    1985-01-01

    Key reaction intermediates of photooxidation identified and characterized by laser flash Electron Spin Resonance (ESR) spectroscopy were discussed. Effects of temperature and ultraviolet intensity were studied in order to develop meaningful accelerated testing procedures for encapsulant evaluation. In a program to study the failure of Tedlar/ethylene vinyl acetate (EVA)/stainless steel modules, failure modes similar to those observed outdoors in real-time conditions were simulated in accelerated testing. An experimental technique was developed to quantitatively assess the extent of degradation.

  6. Reporting of teratology studies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barrow, Paul C; Reynaud, Lucie

    2013-01-01

    The regulatory toxicology report is an unusual document that requires a particular skill to write. The report must be clear, accurate, concise, and focused. A clear and direct writing style is required. The end-users of the report will hope to find the information they seek with as little effort as possible. Few, or none, will read the entire document. The author should aim to appease the user by obliging him to read as little text and turn as few pages as possible. This chapter gives tips and guidance on how to present the experimental data and write the narrative text in the final study report for a teratology study.

  7. Safety Study in Aviation

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    The objective of this article is to provide a brief look at safety studies, which are a necessary part of every change of system or a new system in aviation. The main focus is put on the area of air traffic management, because it affects most of the aviation stakeholders. The article begins with a description of safety and safety assessment of changes in systems. Then it discusses analysis of processes, hazard identification and risk assessment. Main part focuses on Safety studies and briefly...

  8. Morphing Terminology Study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rose, Stuart J.; Brockman, Fred J.; Hart, Michelle L.; Engel, David W.; Valentine, Nancy B.; Calapristi, Augustin J.

    2010-06-28

    This study investigates methods of automatically identifying and characterizing significant transitions in term usage over time. Within scientific literature, the occurrence of terms reflects the use of technologies and techniques as well as the study of specific species and materials. Transitions in terminology usage may be a result of vocabulary standardization or specialization in which terms are replaced with their shorter form. They may also be a result of new applications, combinations, alternatives, or interests that result in the appearance of new or existing terminology in unexpected contexts.

  9. Studying Aid: Some Methods

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    D.R. Gasper (Des)

    2003-01-01

    textabstractINVESTIGATING IDEAS, IDEOLOGIES AND PRACTICES This paper presents some methods for trying to make sense of international aid and of its study.1 Some of the methods may be deemed ethnographic; the others are important partners to them, but rather different. In the course of discussing q

  10. Techno-economic Study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sigurdsson, Halldór Matthias; Point, J.C.; Million, P.

    A techno-economic model for analysing and comparing broadband deployment strategies has been established. The resulting simulation model can compare Capital Expenditure (CAPEX) of dominating broadband technologies in different types of demographic areas. The study reveals the competitiveness...... and applicability of different access technologies in the future broadband market as well as providing sensitivity analysis of the most influential factors controlling market development....

  11. Study of Tools Interoperability

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Krilavičius, T.

    2007-01-01

    Interoperability of tools usually refers to a combination of methods and techniques that address the problem of making a collection of tools to work together. In this study we survey different notions that are used in this context: interoperability, interaction and integration. We point out relation

  12. The Faroese IBD Study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hammer, Turid; Nielsen, Kari R.; Munkholm, Pia

    2016-01-01

    from 4 to 44, and for IBDU from 2 to 21 per 100 000 [ESP]. Conclusions: The high IBD incidence was found to be a relatively new phenomenon. The observed increase is unlikely to be an artefact resulting from, for instance, better registration. Our study indicated a real and increasing disease burden...

  13. COPEWORK - COPESTRESS Workplace Study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ladegaard, Yun Katrine; Netterstrøm, Bo; Langer, Roy

    2012-01-01

    "COPEWORK – COPESTRESS Workplace Study" er en undersøgelse af hvad der sker på arbejdspladser, når en medarbejder sygemeldes med stress. I undersøgelsen indgik 64 ledere og arbejdsmiljørepræsentanter fra fra 38 danske arbejdspladser. Alle arbejdspladser havde haft minimum én stresssygemeldt...

  14. Studying Variation in Tunes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Janssen, B.; van Kranenburg, P.

    2014-01-01

    Variation in music can be caused by different phenomena: conscious, creative manipulation of musical ideas; but also unconscious variation during music recall. It is the latter phenomenon that we wish to study: variation which occurs in oral transmission, in which a melody is taught without the help

  15. Replication studies in longevity

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Varcasia, O; Garasto, S; Rizza, T;

    2001-01-01

    In Danes we replicated the 3'APOB-VNTR gene/longevity association study previously carried out in Italians, by which the Small alleles (less than 35 repeats) had been identified as frailty alleles for longevity. In Danes, neither genotype nor allele frequencies differed between centenarians and 20...

  16. BACTERIOLOGICAL STUDY OF PYODERMA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Surekha

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available AIM OF THE STUDY: To isolate the bacteria associated with pyodermas and to characterize the major isolate Staphylococcus aureus and to identify the MRSA. MATERIAL & METHODS: Study was conducted on 100 patients of pyodermas of all age groups and sex. Specimens were processe d by performing microscopy, culture, biochemical reaction, antibiotic susceptibility, and the major isolate Staphylococcus aureas was further screened for Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus. RESULTS: In total 100 patients fulfilling the study cri teria were evaluated. Impetigo (30% was the most common clinical type followed by folliculitis (22%, showing male preponderance. The predominant isolate was Staphylococcus aureus which was further characterized for MRSA. Out of 69 cases 5 strains were identified as MRSA. CONCLUSION: Among the 100 samples processed bacteria isolated were Staphylococcus aureus, beta haemolytic streptococci and a mixture of Staphylococcus and Streptococcus. Predominant organism causing pyoderma was Staphylococcus aureus . Present study underline the need to take efforts to develop methods for rapid detection of MRSA to prevent Hospital Acquired Infections .

  17. Resummation and Shower Studies

    CERN Document Server

    Huston, J; Sjöstrand, Torbjörn; Thomé, E

    2004-01-01

    The transverse momentum spectra of the Z and Higgs bosons are studied, as probes of the consequences of multiple parton emissions in hadronic events. Emphasis is put on constraints, present in showers, that go beyond conventional leading log. It is shown that, if such constraints are relaxed, better agreement can be obtained with experimental data and with resummation descriptions.

  18. Case Studies in Biology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zeakes, Samuel J.

    1989-01-01

    A case study writing exercise used in a course on parasitology was found to be a powerful learning experience for students because it involved discipline-based technical writing and terminology, brought the students in as evaluators, applied current learning, caused interaction among all students, and simulated real professional activities. (MSE)

  19. IIASA Energy Study unveiled

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richman, Barbara T.

    Meeting the energy needs of the world in 2030, when the projected population will be 8 billion, can be done, but not without international cooperation, a mix of energy technologies, and an understanding of the dependence of resources and use. That's the optimistic conclusion of the 7-year golbal energy study by the International Insitute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA).

  20. Repository seals requirements study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-11-03

    The Yucca Mountain Site Characterization Project, managed by the Civilian Radioactive Waste Management System (CRWMS) Management and Operating Contractor (M and O) is conducting investigations to support the Viability Assessment and the License Application for a high-level nuclear waste repository at Yucca Mountain, Nevada. The sealing subsystem is part of the Yucca Mountain Waste Isolation System. The Yucca Mountain Site Characterization Project is currently evaluating the role of the sealing subsystem (shaft, ramp and exploratory borehole seals) in achieving the overall performance objectives for the Waste Isolation System. This report documents the results of those evaluations. This report presents the results of a repository sealing requirements study. Sealing is defined as the permanent closure of the shafts, ramps, and exploratory boreholes. Sealing includes those components that would reduce potential inflows above the repository, or that would divert flow near the repository horizon to allow vertical infiltration to below the repository. Sealing of such features as emplacement drifts was not done in this study because the current capability to calculate fracture flow into the drifts is not sufficiently mature. The objective of the study is to provide water or air flow performance based requirements for shafts, ramps, and exploratory boreholes located near the repository. Recommendations, as appropriate, are provided for developing plans, seals component testing, and other studies relating to sealing.

  1. The Study of Language

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴卞

    2007-01-01

    This paper analyses the study of language based on two aspects: structure and meaning.The paper first gives definition of language.Secondly,the paper summarizes the basic contents of phonology,morphology,syntax,semantics,and pragmatics.Then it focuses on the cooperative principle and the reasons why people violate the maxims and the functions of conversational implicature.

  2. Soil washing treatability study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Krstich, M.

    1995-12-01

    Soil washing was identified as a viable treatment process option for remediating soil at the FEMP Environmental Management Project (FEMP). Little information relative to the specific application and potential effectiveness of the soil washing process exists that applies to the types of soil at the FEMP. To properly evaluate this process option in conjunction with the ongoing FEMP Remedial Investigation/Feasibility Study (RI/FS), a treatability testing program was necessary to provide a foundation for a detailed technical evaluation of the viability of the process. In August 1991, efforts were initiated to develop a work plan and experimental design for investigating the effectiveness of soil washing on FEMP soil. In August 1992, the final Treatability Study Work Plan for Operable Unit 5: Soil Washing (DOE 1992) was issued. This document shall be referenced throughout the remainder of this report as the Treatability Study Work Plan (TSWP). The purpose of this treatability study was to generate data to support initial screening and the detailed analysis of alternatives for the Operable Unit 5 FS.

  3. Transfer Readiness Pilot Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scott-Skillman, Thelma; And Others

    The California Community Colleges (CCC) has implemented a prototype model for determining student transfer readiness as a primary means of assessing community college transfer effectiveness. This report provides definitions of transfer readiness and guidelines for colleges participating in the CCC transfer readiness study. First, a memorandum from…

  4. Resources for Women's Studies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ridinger, Robert B.

    Over 120 bibliographies and other reference sources relevant to women's studies are identified in this annotated listing. Subjects include feminist scholarship, women in management, popular culture, autobiographies, other cultures and countries, history, lesbian women, women's education, the arts, politics, and rape. In addition to author, title,…

  5. Translator Studies in Retrospect

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭勤

    2009-01-01

    The concern about translator has run for thousands of years on which many translators and translation scholars have made comments.A rough examination of the translator within translation studies at home and abroad is expounded in a loosely chronological way as follows.

  6. SOFC interface studies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jacobsen, Torben; Bay, Lasse; West, Keld;

    performance and inductive hysteresis phenomena often observed in SOFC kinetic studies (\\ref{TJ01}). Fig.\\,\\ref{cath_laser} shows the YSZ surface developed below a Pt point electrode polarised at -0.10\\, V at $1000^\\circ$C for a period of 85 days. The structural as well as the compositional changes...

  7. Social Studies: Grade 8.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manitoba Dept. of Education, Winnipeg.

    This Manitoba (Canada) curriculum guide for eighth grade social studies students contains suggested teaching strategies and learning activities in four units covering: (1) life during prehistoric and early historic times; (2) ancient civilizations; (3) life in early modern Europe; and (4) life in the modern world. Each unit includes an overview,…

  8. Course Placement Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fredericksen, Marlene; Slark, Julie

    Following the implementation of a matriculation plan at Rancho Santiago College (RSC), a study was conducted to examine the appropriateness of student course placement as assessed by faculty and students and to investigate faculty's perceptions of changes in students' skill level preparation over the past few years. Questionnaires were completed…

  9. NGLW RCRA Storage Study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    R. J. Waters; R. Ochoa; K. D. Fritz; D. W. Craig

    2000-06-01

    The Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center (INTEC) at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory contains radioactive liquid waste in underground storage tanks at the INTEC Tank Farm Facility (TFF). INTEC is currently treating the waste by evaporation to reduce the liquid volume for continued storage, and by calcination to reduce and convert the liquid to a dry waste form for long-term storage in calcine bins. Both treatment methods and activities in support of those treatment operations result in Newly Generated Liquid Waste (NGLW) being sent to TFF. The storage tanks in the TFF are underground, contained in concrete vaults with instrumentation, piping, transfer jets, and managed sumps in case of any liquid accumulation in the vault. The configuration of these tanks is such that Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) regulations apply. The TFF tanks were assessed several years ago with respect to the RCRA regulations and they were found to be deficient. This study considers the configuration of the current tanks and the RCRA deficiencies identified for each. The study identifies four potential methods and proposes a means of correcting the deficiencies. The cost estimates included in the study account for construction cost; construction methods to minimize work exposure to chemical hazards, radioactive contamination, and ionizing radiation hazards; project logistics; and project schedule. The study also estimates the tank volumes benefit associated with each corrective action to support TFF liquid waste management planning.

  10. Acid Rain Study Guide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hunger, Carolyn; And Others

    Acid rain is a complex, worldwide environmental problem. This study guide is intended to aid teachers of grades 4-12 to help their students understand what acid rain is, why it is a problem, and what possible solutions exist. The document contains specific sections on: (1) the various terms used in conjunction with acid rain (such as acid…

  11. ADVANCED CUTTINGS TRANSPORT STUDY

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ergun Kuru; Stefan Miska; Nicholas Takach; Kaveh Ashenayi; Gerald Kane; Len Volk; Mark Pickell; Evren Ozbayoglu; Barkim Demirdal; Paco Vieira; Affonso Lourenco

    1999-10-15

    This report includes a review of the progress made in ACTF Flow Loop development and research during 90 days pre-award period (May 15-July 14, 1999) and the following three months after the project approval date (July15-October 15, 1999) The report presents information on the following specific subjects; (a) Progress in Advanced Cuttings Transport Facility design and development, (b) Progress report on the research project ''Study of Flow of Synthetic Drilling Fluids Under Elevated Pressure and Temperature Conditions'', (c) Progress report on the research project ''Study of Cuttings Transport with Foam Under LPAT Conditions (Joint Project with TUDRP)'', (d) Progress report on the research project ''Study of Cuttings Transport with Aerated Muds Under LPAT Conditions (Joint Project with TUDRP)'', (e) Progress report on the research project ''Study of Foam Flow Behavior Under EPET Conditions'', (f) Progress report on the instrumentation tasks (Tasks 11 and 12) (g) Activities towards technology transfer and developing contacts with oil and service company members.

  12. Studies in portal hypertension

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    H.R. van Buuren (Henk)

    2002-01-01

    textabstractOur work focussed on one of the most frequent and serious complications of portal hypertension i.e. variceal bleeding. In particular, studies were initiated aimed at developing a more effective therapeutic strategy for the primary and secondary prevention of variceal bleeding. Aspects of

  13. Eastern Frequency Response Study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Miller, N.W.; Shao, M.; Pajic, S.; D' Aquila, R.

    2013-05-01

    This study was specifically designed to investigate the frequency response of the Eastern Interconnection that results from large loss-of-generation events of the type targeted by the North American Electric Reliability Corp. Standard BAL-003 Frequency Response and Frequency Bias Setting (NERC 2012a), under possible future system conditions with high levels of wind generation.

  14. Helias reactor studies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Beidler, C.D. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Plasmaphysik, Garching (Germany); Grieger, G. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Plasmaphysik, Garching (Germany); Harmeyer, E. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Plasmaphysik, Garching (Germany); Kisslinger, J. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Plasmaphysik, Garching (Germany); Karulin, N. [Nuclear Fusion Institute, Moscow (Russian Federation); Maurer, W. [Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe GmbH Technik und Umwelt (Germany); Nuehrenberg, J. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Plasmaphysik, Garching (Germany); Rau, F. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Plasmaphysik, Garching (Germany); Sapper, J. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Plasmaphysik, Garching (Germany); Wobig, H. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Plasmaphysik, Garching (Germany)

    1995-10-01

    The present status of Helias reactor studies is characterised by the identification and investigation of specific issues which result from the particular properties of this type of stellarator. On the technical side these are issues related to the coil system, while physics studies have concentrated on confinement, alpha-particle behaviour and ignition conditions. The usual assumptions have been made in those fields which are common to all toroidal fusion reactors: blanket and shield, refuelling and exhaust, safety and economic aspects. For blanket and shield sufficient space has been provided, a detailed concept will be developed in future. To date more emphasis has been placed on scoping and parameter studies as opposed to fixing a specific set of parameters and providing a detailed point study. One result of the Helias reactor studies is that physical dimensions are on the same order as those of tokamak reactors. However, it should be noticed that this comparison is difficult in view of the large spectrum of tokamak reactors ranging from a small reactor like Aries, to a large device such as SEAFP. The notion that the large aspect ratio of 10 or more in Helias configurations also leads to large reactors is misleading, since the large major radius of 22 m is compensated by the average plasma radius of 1.8 m and the average coil radius of 5 m. The plasma volume of 1400 m{sup 3} is about the same as the ITER reactor and the magnetic energy of the coil system is about the same or even slightly smaller than envisaged in ITER. (orig.)

  15. STUDY OF ENTEROCUTANEOUS FISTULA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arti

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: A fistula is defined as abnormal communication between two epithelial surfaces . 1 Enterocutaneous fistula is defined as abnormal communication between hollow organ and skin. They are classified as congenital or acquired. We have excluded congenital and internal fistulas. We have also excluded esophageal, urinary, p ancreatic and biliary fistulas as their management is complex and differs significantly from enterocutaneous fistulas. AIM: 1. Study of aetiology, pathophysiology and management of enterocutaneous fistula. To evaluate previously laid principles of management of enterocutaneous fistula. 2. To assess the feasibility of early intervention safety and outcome as the conservative long term treatment appears to be cost prohibitive. 3. To study morbidity and mortality related to enterocutaneous fistula. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In all, 50 cases of enterocutaneous fistula were studied during a period from June 2012 to N ovember 2014 at a Government tertiary care C entre. Both, patients referred from other centres with post - operative fistulas and fistulas developed in this institute after surgeries or spontaneously were included in the study after fulfilling the inclusion and exclusion criteria. RESULT S : The maximum numbers of cases were between 39 - 48 years of age group. Spontaneous closure was achieved in 72.7% and surgical closure in 76.7% of the patients Vacuum assisted closure was achieved in 66.66% of the patients in whom VAC was used. Of the patients in whom octreotide was used closure was achieved in 66.66% of the patients. The association between serum albumin levels and fistula healing and between fistula output and mortality were statistically significant. Overall mortality in this study was 26% with 44.44% among referred cases and 15.625% among institutional cases.

  16. ADVANCED CUTTINGS TRANSPORT STUDY

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Troy Reed; Stefan Miska; Nicholas Takach; Kaveh Ashenayi; Gerald Kane; Mark Pickell; Len Volk; Mike Volk; Barkim Demirdal; Affonso Lourenco; Evren Ozbayoglu; Paco Vieira; Lei Zhou

    2000-01-30

    This is the second quarterly progress report for Year 2 of the ACTS project. It includes a review of progress made in Flow Loop development and research during the period of time between Oct 1, 2000 and December 31, 2000. This report presents a review of progress on the following specific tasks: (a) Design and development of an Advanced Cuttings Transport Facility (Task 2: Addition of a foam generation and breaker system), (b) Research project (Task 6): ''Study of Cuttings Transport with Foam Under LPAT Conditions (Joint Project with TUDRP)'', (c) Research project (Task 7): ''Study of Cuttings Transport with Aerated Muds Under LPAT Conditions (Joint Project with TUDRP)'', (d) Research project (Task 8): ''Study of Flow of Synthetic Drilling Fluids Under Elevated Pressure and Temperature Conditions'', (e) Research project (Task 9): ''Study of Foam Flow Behavior Under EPET Conditions'', (f) Research project (Task 10): ''Study of Cuttings Transport with Aerated Mud Under Elevated Pressure and Temperature Conditions'', (g) Research on instrumentation tasks to measure: Cuttings concentration and distribution in a flowing slurry (Task 11), and Foam properties while transporting cuttings. (Task 12), (h) Development of a Safety program for the ACTS Flow Loop. Progress on a comprehensive safety review of all flow-loop components and operational procedures. (Task 1S). (i) Activities towards technology transfer and developing contacts with Petroleum and service company members, and increasing the number of JIP members. The tasks Completed During This Quarter are Task 7 and Task 8.

  17. PET studies in epilepsy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sarikaya, Ismet

    2015-01-01

    Various PET studies, such as measurements of glucose, serotonin and oxygen metabolism, cerebral blood flow and receptor bindings are availabe for epilepsy. (18)Fluoro-2-deoxyglucose ((18)F-FDG) PET imaging of brain glucose metabolism is a well established and widely available technique. Studies have demonstrated that the sensitivity of interictal FDG-PET is higher than interictal SPECT and similar to ictal SPECT for the lateralization and localization of epileptogenic foci in presurgical patients refractory to medical treatments who have noncontributory EEG and MRI. In addition to localizing epileptogenic focus, FDG-PET provide additional important information on the functional status of the rest of the brain. The main limitation of interictal FDG-PET is that it cannot precisely define the surgical margin as the area of hypometabolism usually extends beyond the epileptogenic zone. Various neurotransmitters (GABA, glutamate, opiates, serotonin, dopamine, acethylcholine, and adenosine) and receptor subtypes are involved in epilepsy. PET receptor imaging studies performed in limited centers help to understand the role of neurotransmitters in epileptogenesis, identify epileptic foci and investigate new treatment approaches. PET receptor imaging studies have demonstrated reduced (11)C-flumazenil (GABAA-cBDZ) and (18)F-MPPF (5-HT1A serotonin) and increased (11)C-cerfentanil (mu opiate) and (11)C-MeNTI (delta opiate) bindings in the area of seizure. (11)C-flumazenil has been reported to be more sensitive than FDG-PET for identifying epileptic foci. The area of abnormality on GABAAcBDZ and opiate receptor images is usually smaller and more circumscribed than the area of hypometabolism on FDG images. Studies have demonstrated that (11)C-alpha-methyl-L-tryptophan PET (to study synthesis of serotonin) can detect the epileptic focus within malformations of cortical development and helps in differentiating epileptogenic from non-epileptogenic tubers in patients with tuberous

  18. Los testamentos como fuente para la historia social de la nobleza. Un ejemplo metodológico: tres mandas de los Valladares del siglo XV

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Otero Piñeyro Maseda, Pablo S.

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The identification and study of the lineages which made up the galician nobility pyramid in the Late Middle Ages must be based on a meticulous analysis of the sources, amoung which the most noteworthy are wills of testament due to there rich quantity of information. The objective of this work is to offer some preliminary ideas regarding this type of document. By examining diferent tendencies and describing methodologies, it is possible to make the best use of the information held within these documents in order to improve the study of the social history of the nobility. This work includes the publication and commentary of the wills of testament of three members of the Valladares lineage from the Late Middle Ages.La identificación y estudio de los linajes que conformaron la pirámide nobiliaria gallega en la Baja Edad Media deben fundamentarse en un cuidadoso análisis de las fuentes, entre las que destacan por su especial caudal informativo los testamentos. El objetivo de estas páginas es ofrecer unas primeras reflexiones sobre esta tipología documental: examinar algunas tendencias y anotar cuestiones metodológicas para el mejor aprovechamiento de sus posibilidades en el contexto de la historia social de la nobleza. El estudio se completa, o ilustra, con la edición y comentario de los testamentos de tres personajes de la estirpe de los Valladares, todos del final de la Edad Media. [gl] A identificación e estudo das liñaxes que conformaron a pirámide nobiliaria galega na Baixa Idade Media deben fundamentarse nunha coidadosa análise das fontes, entre as que destacan polo seu especial caudal informativo os testamentos. O obxectivo destas páxinas é ofrecer unhas primeiras reflexións sobre esta tipoloxía documental: examinar algunhas tendencias e anotar cuestións metodolóxicas para o mellor aproveitamento das súas posibilidades no contexto da historia social da nobreza. O estudo complétase, ou ilústrase, coa edición e comentario

  19. Los López de Lemos, señores de Ferreira y Sober. El linaje y sus parentelas en los siglos XIII al XVI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pardo de Guevara y Valdés, Eduardo

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available As has been highlighted on many occasions, the medieval nobility studies require a knowledge built on more accurate and secure their networks lineages and parents. Hence the importance of undertaking studies genealogical database and prosopographic as offered here, focusing on the López de Lemos, a famous but little known lineage that represents very well the profile of the nobility that formed the second interior Galicia. The careful genealogical research done to offer a fairly accurate picture of its formation and consolidation process, articulated from the heritage nucleated around the fortress of Ferreira. Under this effort are revealed signs of lineage identity and life trajectories of each of the characters who represented him, standing at last the milestones of their parental relationships and the different branches under their offspring led.

    Como ha sido resaltado en múltiples ocasiones, los estudios sobre la nobleza medieval precisan construirse sobre un conocimiento más exacto y seguro de los linajes y sus redes parentales. De ahí el interés de abordar estudios de base de carácter genealógico y prosopográfico como el que aquí se ofrece, centrado en los López de Lemos, un célebre pero poco conocido linaje que representa muy bien el perfil de los que conformaron la segunda nobleza del interior de Galicia. La cuidada pesquisa genealógica realizada permite ofrecer un panorama bastante preciso de su proceso de conformación y consolidación, articulado a partir del patrimonio nucleado en torno a la fortaleza de Ferreira. Al amparo de este empeño se desvelan los signos de identidad del linaje, así como las trayectorias vitales de cada uno de los personajes que lo representaron, destacándose por último los hitos fundamentales de sus relaciones parentales y de las diferentes ramas menores que sus vástagos encabezaron.

  20. Options Study - Phase II

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    R. Wigeland; T. Taiwo; M. Todosow; W. Halsey; J. Gehin

    2010-09-01

    The Options Study has been conducted for the purpose of evaluating the potential of alternative integrated nuclear fuel cycle options to favorably address the issues associated with a continuing or expanding use of nuclear power in the United States. The study produced information that can be used to inform decisions identifying potential directions for research and development on such fuel cycle options. An integrated nuclear fuel cycle option is defined in this study as including all aspects of the entire nuclear fuel cycle, from obtaining natural resources for fuel to the ultimate disposal of used nuclear fuel (UNF) or radioactive wastes. Issues such as nuclear waste management, especially the increasing inventory of used nuclear fuel, the current uncertainty about used fuel disposal, and the risk of nuclear weapons proliferation have contributed to the reluctance to expand the use of nuclear power, even though it is recognized that nuclear power is a safe and reliable method of producing electricity. In this Options Study, current, evolutionary, and revolutionary nuclear energy options were all considered, including the use of uranium and thorium, and both once-through and recycle approaches. Available information has been collected and reviewed in order to evaluate the ability of an option to clearly address the challenges associated with the current implementation and potential expansion of commercial nuclear power in the United States. This Options Study is a comprehensive consideration and review of fuel cycle and technology options, including those for disposal, and is not constrained by any limitations that may be imposed by economics, technical maturity, past policy, or speculated future conditions. This Phase II report is intended to be used in conjunction with the Phase I report, and much information in that report is not repeated here, although some information has been updated to reflect recent developments. The focus in this Options Study was to

  1. Heliostat cost optimization study

    Science.gov (United States)

    von Reeken, Finn; Weinrebe, Gerhard; Keck, Thomas; Balz, Markus

    2016-05-01

    This paper presents a methodology for a heliostat cost optimization study. First different variants of small, medium sized and large heliostats are designed. Then the respective costs, tracking and optical quality are determined. For the calculation of optical quality a structural model of the heliostat is programmed and analyzed using finite element software. The costs are determined based on inquiries and from experience with similar structures. Eventually the levelised electricity costs for a reference power tower plant are calculated. Before each annual simulation run the heliostat field is optimized. Calculated LCOEs are then used to identify the most suitable option(s). Finally, the conclusions and findings of this extensive cost study are used to define the concept of a new cost-efficient heliostat called `Stellio'.

  2. E85 Dispenser Study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Moriarty, K.; Johnson, C.; Sears, T.; Bergeron, P.

    2009-12-01

    This study reviews E85 dispensing infrastructure advances and issues and evaluates the geographic concentration of flexible fuel vehicles (FFVs), E85 stations, ethanol production facilities, and E85 suppliers. Costs, space, financial incentives, and barriers to adding E85 fueling equipment at existing stations are also assessed. This study found that E85 is increasingly available in the U.S. in half of the states; however, the other half have minimal or no E85 fueling options. Despite these gains, E85 is only available at 1% of U.S. gasoline stations. Ethanol production reached 9.5 billion gallons in 2008, but less than 1% is consumed as E85. FFVs have not reached a significant concentration in any county, metropolitan area, or state.

  3. Botswana country study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1999-09-01

    This study was carried out in Botswana, Tanzania and Zambia as part of the project `Climate Change Mitigation in Southern Africa` funded by the Danish International Development Agency (Danida). The project was conducted parallel to the UNEP/GEF project `Economics of Greenhouse Gas Limitations` which involved 8 other developing countries and 2 regional projects in Latin America and the SADC region. The limitation of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions is a complex issue, intimately connected with economic development at local, national, regional and global levels. Key economic sectors such as energy, agriculture, industry and forestry all produce GHGs, and are likely to be affected directly and indirectly by any mitigation policy. The UNEP Greenhouse Gas Abatement Costing Studies, initiated in 1991, attempted to address these complex issues, developing a methodological framework and testing it through practical application in ten countries. (EHS) 28 refs.

  4. Southeast continental shelf studies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Menzel, D.W.

    1979-02-12

    Research efforts on the southeast continental shelf currently describe the manner in which fluctuations in Gulf Stream motion influence biological and chemical processes. Current meter arrays are maintained in the Georgia Bight and in Onslow Bay to describe general circulation patterns and to identify forcing functions. biological studies describe processes affecting temporal and spatial variations on the shelf and have attempted to track the biological history of intruded Gulf Stream water masses. Chemical studies examine the influence of both physical and biological variables on the distribution and fate of trace elements. The current state of knowledge is reviewed, the hypotheses developed and are described, a rationale for testing these hypotheses is given. 1 figure, 1 table.

  5. Innovation and Entrepreneurship Studies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Landström, Hans; Åström, Fredrik; Harirchi, Gouya

    2015-01-01

    As we have moved towards a more knowledge intensive society, innovation and industrial dynamics have grown in importance over the last 40-50 years. We are frequently using concepts such as innovation and entrepreneurship, and the way we perceive and define these concepts will to a high extent...... influence our way of thinking and acting. Depending on the way we define these concepts, we will tend to use different knowledge-bases when acting as policy-makers, or as researchers. Therefore, it becomes important to elaborate on the knowledge bases that we have within the fields of innovation...... and entrepreneurship. This study we elaborate on the question: Can innovation and entrepreneurship be seen as one or two fields of research? We will elaborate on this issue by comparing the core works in innovation and entrepreneurship studies respectively, as identified by Fagerberg et al. (Research Policy 41...

  6. Studies on seismic source

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李世愚; 陈运泰

    2003-01-01

    During the period of 1999~2002, the Chinese seismologists made a serious of developments in the study on seismic sources including observations, experiments and theory. In the field of observation, the methods of the accuracy location of earthquake sources, the inversion of seismic moment tensor and the mechanism of earthquake source are improved and developed. A lot of important earthquake events are studied by using these methods. The rupture processes of these events are inverted and investigated combined with the local stress fields and the tectonic moment by using the measurements of surface deformation. In the fields of experiments and theory, many developments are obtained in cause of seismic formation, condition of stress and tectonics, dynamics of earthquake rupture, rock fracture and nucleation of strong earthquakes.

  7. Fullerton Virtual Twin Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Segal, Nancy L

    2006-12-01

    Virtual twins (VTs; same-age unrelated siblings reared together from early infancy) have been studied at California State University (CSU), Fullerton since 1991. The current sample includes over 130 pairs. Past and current research have research have focused on siblings' similarities and differences in general intelligence and body size. Future research in these areas will continue as new pairs continue to be identified. These studies will be supplemented by analyses of personality, social relations and adjustment using monozygotic (MZ) twins, dizygotic (DZ) twins, full siblings and friends, as well as new VTs, who have participated in Twins, Adoptees, Peers and Siblings (TAPS), a collaborative project conducted between CSU Fullerton and the University of San Francisco, from 2002 to 2006.

  8. World Biofuels Study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Alfstad,T.

    2008-10-01

    This report forms part of a project entitled 'World Biofuels Study'. The objective is to study world biofuel markets and to examine the possible contribution that biofuel imports could make to help meet the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) of the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA). The study was sponsored by the Biomass Program of the Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), U.S. Department of Energy. It is a collaborative effort among the Office of Policy and International Affairs (PI), Department of Energy and Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL). The project consisted of three main components: (1) Assessment of the resource potential for biofuel feedstocks such as sugarcane, grains, soybean, palm oil and lignocellulosic crops and development of supply curves (ORNL). (2) Assessment of the cost and performance of biofuel production technologies (NREL). (3) Scenario-based analysis of world biofuel markets using the ETP global energy model with data developed in the first parts of the study (BNL). This report covers the modeling and analysis part of the project conducted by BNL in cooperation with PI. The Energy Technology Perspectives (ETP) energy system model was used as the analytical tool for this study. ETP is a 15 region global model designed using the MARKAL framework. MARKAL-based models are partial equilibrium models that incorporate a description of the physical energy system and provide a bottom-up approach to study the entire energy system. ETP was updated for this study with biomass resource data and biofuel production technology cost and performance data developed by ORNL and NREL under Tasks 1 and 2 of this project. Many countries around the world are embarking on ambitious biofuel policies through renewable fuel standards and economic incentives. As a result, the global biofuel demand is expected to grow very

  9. Electron microscope studies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Crewe, A.V.; Kapp, O.H.

    1991-06-01

    This year our laboratory has continued to make progress in the design of electron-optical systems, in the study of structure-function relationships of large multi-subunit proteins, in the development of new image processing software and in achieving a workable sub-angstrom STEM. We present an algebraic approach to the symmetrical Einzel (unipotential) lens wherein we simplify the analysis by specifying a field shape that meets some preferred set of boundary or other conditions and then calculate the fields. In a second study we generalize this approach to study of three element electrostatic lenses of which the symmetrical Einzel lens is a particular form. The purpose is to develop a method for assisting in the design of a lens for a particular purpose. In our biological work we study a stable and functional dodecameric complex of globin chains from the hemoglobin of Lumbricus terrestris. This is a complex lacking the linker'' subunit first imaged in this lab and required for maintenance of the native structure. In addition, we do a complete work-up on the hemoglobin of the marine polychaete Eudistylia vancouverii demonstrating the presence of a hierarchy of globin complexes. We demonstrate stable field-emission in the sub-angstrom STEM and the preliminary alignment of the beam. We continue our exploration of a algorithms for alignment of sequences of protein and DNA. Our computer facilities now include four second generation RISC workstations and we continue to take increasing advantage of the floating-point and graphical performance of these devices.

  10. a prospective study

    OpenAIRE

    Rörster, Elisa geb. Pätel

    2012-01-01

    Bulk fractures only occur on very rare occasions in bilayered all-ceramic crowns, where as veneer fractures, above all chippings, still present a frequent amount of clinical complications. The purpose of the current prospective study was to examine the clinical performance of an anatomically modified framework for a period of two years. All crowns were manufactured following the Cercon process (DeguDent GmbH, Hanau). As is common practice, the frameworks for the control group were made of ...

  11. Case Studies - Cervical Cancer

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2010-10-15

    Dr. Alan Waxman, a professor of obstetrics and gynecology at the University of New Mexico and chair of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) committee for the underserved, talks about several case studies for cervical cancer screening and management.  Created: 10/15/2010 by National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (NCCDPHP), Division of Cancer Prevention and Control (DCPC).   Date Released: 6/9/2010.

  12. CLIC Final Focus Studies

    CERN Document Server

    Tomás, R; Schulte, Daniel; Zimmermann, Frank

    2006-01-01

    The CLIC final focus system has been designed based on the local compensation scheme proposed by P. Raimondi and A. Seryi. However, there exist important chromatic aberrations that deteriorate the performance of the system. This paper studies the optimization of the final focus based on the computation of the higher orders of the map using MAD-X and PTC. The use of octupole tail folding to reduce the size of the halo in the locations with aperture limitations is also discussed.

  13. Master Study: Ceramics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clark, Kelly

    2004-01-01

    In painting and drawing classes, it is typical to ask students to work directly from a master. It is one way to study composition techniques, and to become familiar with classical style firsthand. In museums, easels are set up as artists work, not in an attempt to copy or plagiarize, but in an attempt to be part of history by participating in it.…

  14. Giornata di Studi Paleontologici

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Davide Bassi

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available This book results fromk one-day meeting "Giornata di Studi Paleontologici Prof.ssa C. Loriga Broglio", held in Ferrara on June 18th, 2004 and dedicated to Prof. Carmen Loriga Broglio who was full Professor of Paleontology and Paleoecology at the University of Ferrara.This special volume includes twelve papers dealing with systematic paleontology of calcified cyanobacteria, invertebrates (sponges and vertebrates (fishes, taphonomy, biostratigraphy, paleoecology and paleobiogeography.

  15. Sorbent Scoping Studies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chancellor, Christopher John [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Carlsbad, NM (United States). Difficult Waste Team

    2016-11-14

    The Los Alamos National Laboratory – Carlsbad Operations (LANL-CO) office was tasked by the DOE CBFO, Office of the Manager to: • Perform a review of the acceptable knowledge (AK) to identify the oxidizers and sorbents in transuranic (TRU) waste streams. • Conduct scoping studies on the oxidizers and sorbents identified in AK review to inform the Quality Level 1 (QL1) testing. • Conduct a series of QL1 tests to provide the scientific data to support a basis of knowledge document for determining the criteria for: 1) accepting waste at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) without treatment, 2) determining waste that will require treatment, and 3) if treatment is required, how the treatment must be performed. The purpose of this report is to present the results of the AK review of sorbents present in active waste streams, provide a technical analysis of the sorbent list, report the results of the scoping studies for the fastest burning organic sorbent, and provide the list of organic and inorganic sorbents to be used in the development of a Test Plan for Preparation and Testing of Sorbents Mixed with Oxidizer found in Transuranic Waste (DWT-TP-001). The companion report, DWT-RPT-001, Oxidizer Scoping Studies, has similar information for oxidizers identified during the AK review of TRU waste streams. The results of the oxidizer and sorbent scoping studies will be used to inform the QL1 test plan. The QL1 test results will support the development of a basis of knowledge document that will evaluate oxidizing chemicals and sorbents in TRU waste and provide guidance for treatment.

  16. American Studies in Russia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olga Antsyferova

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Interest in the USA, both general and specifically academic, has always existed in Russia, with its own ups and downs. But American studies as an academic discipline started gaining its popularity probably after WWII when there sporadically started to emerge the ever-increasing number of academic books, articles and dissertations in literary and historical research on the USA, the main centers of which were founded at the Academic Research Institute of the USA and Canada, headed by academicia...

  17. Food Fortification Stability Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sirmons, T. A.; Cooper, M. R.; Douglas, G. L.

    2017-01-01

    This study aimed to assess the stability of vitamin content, sensory acceptability and color variation in fortified spaceflight foods over a period of two years. Findings will help to identify optimal formulation, processing, and storage conditions to maintain stability and acceptability of commercially available fortification nutrients. Changes in food quality were monitored to indicate whether fortification affects quality over time (compared to the unfortified control), thus indicating their potential for use on long-duration missions.

  18. Phenomenological Studies in Micromechanics

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-09-30

    determined. Surprisingly high localized strains have been identified between plies. (ii) Edge effect stresses have been isolated and quantified...studies of the edges of the specimen in Fig. 11 indicate the presence of high (corner) edge effect shear stresses. These are shown on an expanded...cube are shown in Fig. 22. S In addition to the significant edge effect of Fig. 22, the following residual deformations and co-efficients of thermal

  19. Electrochemical corrosion studies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knockemus, W. W.

    1986-01-01

    The objective was to gain familiarity with the Model 350 Corrosion Measurement Console, to determine if metal protection by grease coatings can be measured by the polarization-resistance method, and to compare corrosion rates of 4130 steel coated with various greases. Results show that grease protection of steel may be determined electrochemically. Studies were also conducted to determine the effectiveness of certain corrosion inhibitors on aluminum and steel.

  20. Purified water quality study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Spinka, H.; Jackowski, P.

    2000-04-03

    Argonne National Laboratory (HEP) is examining the use of purified water for the detection medium in cosmic ray sensors. These sensors are to be deployed in a remote location in Argentina. The purpose of this study is to provide information and preliminary analysis of available water treatment options and associated costs. This information, along with the technical requirements of the sensors, will allow the project team to determine the required water quality to meet the overall project goals.

  1. Indonesia country study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1999-09-01

    This study demonstrated the use of MARKAL model in carbon mitigation analysis for both energy and forestry sector. Four scenarios were used namely: 1. EbFb (baseline scenario). In this scenario, mitigation technologies in the energy sector were not included in the model and no target was set up for increasing net carbon uptake by forest activities. 2. EmFb. Mitigation technologies in the energy sector were included with the target of reducing cumulative net carbon emission by about 13% and activities in the forestry sectors were the same as those in baseline. 3. EbFm. Mitigation technologies in the energy sector were not included and the forestry activities were targeted to increase the carbon uptake so that the cumulative net carbon emission decreased by 13%. 4. EmFm. Mitigation technologies in the energy sector were included as well as forestry sector with target of reducing cumulative net carbon emission by about 35%. This study indicates that the MARKAL model has the potential to be used for mitigation analysis for both energy and forestry sectors. However, there are some limitations encountered during the study. The program is not able to accommodate the delayed emission from the forestry sector in a manner consistent to the treatment of emissions in the energy sector. In addition, there are some technical problems that still need to be resolved such as the inclusion of soil carbon uptake calculation in the model and the verification of carbon uptake calculation. In this study, all carbon uptakes was assumed to occur at the time of planting. (EHS) 37 refs.

  2. Food Fortification Stability Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sirmons, T. A.; Cooper, M. R.; Douglas, G. L.

    2016-01-01

    This study aims to assess the stability of vitamin content, sensory acceptability and color variation in fortified spaceflight foods over a period of 2 years. Findings will identify optimal formulation, processing, and storage conditions to maintain stability and acceptability of commercially available fortification nutrients. Changes in food quality are being monitored to indicate whether fortification affects quality over time (compared to the unfortified control), thus indicating their potential for use on long-duration missions.

  3. SEDIMENTATION AND EROSION STUDIES

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chih Ted YANG

    2005-01-01

    @@ The river systems observed today is the cumulative result of surface, rill, and gully erosion, and sediment transport, scour, and deposition. The divisions of approach between these two related areas are man-made, and are not based on sound science. Most of the erosion studies are done by geologists and agricultural engineers who are concerned of the surface, rill, and gully erosion and the loss of agricultural land productivity. Hydraulic engineers are more interested in the study of sediment transport, scour, and deposition, and their impacts on river engineering and hydraulic structures in rivers and reservoirs. Erosion studies are often based on empirical relationships or field data to determinate the annual sediment yield from a watershed. On the other hand, hydraulic engineers focus their attention on solving equations based on assumed initial and boundary conditions with a time scale of days, hours, or seconds. Both approaches have their complementary strengths and weaknesses. It is important to provide a forum for specialists in both areas to communicate, exchange ideas, and learn from each other.

  4. The safeguards options study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hakkila, E.A.; Mullen, M.F.; Olinger, C.T.; Stanbro, W.D. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Olsen, A.P.; Roche, C.T.; Rudolph, R.R. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Bieber, A.M.; Lemley, J. [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States); Filby, E. [Idaho National Engineering Lab., Idaho Falls, ID (United States)] [and others

    1995-04-01

    The Safeguards Options Study was initiated to aid the International Safeguards Division (ISD) of the DOE Office of Arms Control and Nonproliferation in developing its programs in enhanced international safeguards. The goal was to provide a technical basis for the ISD program in this area. The Safeguards Options Study has been a cooperative effort among ten organizations. These are Argonne National Laboratory, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Idaho National Engineering Laboratory, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Mound Laboratory, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Pacific Northwest Laboratories, Sandia National Laboratories, and Special Technologies Laboratory. Much of the Motivation for the Safeguards Options Study is the recognition after the Iraq experience that there are deficiencies in the present approach to international safeguards. While under International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) safeguards at their declared facilities, Iraq was able to develop a significant weapons program without being noticed. This is because negotiated safeguards only applied at declared sites. Even so, their nuclear weapons program clearly conflicted with Iraq`s obligations under the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty (NPT) as a nonnuclear weapon state.

  5. Operations dashboard: comparative study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramly, Noor Nashriq; Ismail, Ahmad Zuhairi; Aziz, Mohd Haris; Ahmad, Nurul Haszeli

    2011-10-01

    In this present days and age, there are increasing needs for companies to monitor application and infrastructure health. Apart from having proactive measures to secure their application and infrastructure, many see monitoring dashboards as crucial investment in disaster preparedness. As companies struggle to find the best solution to cater for their needs and interest for monitoring their application and infrastructure's health, this paper summarizes the studies made on several known off-the-shelf operations dashboard and in-house developed dashboard. A few criteria of good dashboard are collected from previous studies carried out by several researchers and rank them according to importance and business needs. The finalized criteria that will be discussed in later sections are data visualization, performance indicator, dashboard personalization, audit capability and alert/ notification. Comparative studies between several popular dashboards were then carried out to determine whether they met these criteria that we derived from the first exercise. The findings hopefully can be used to educate and provide an overview of selecting the best IT application and infrastructure operations dashboard that suit business needs, thus become the main contribution of this paper.

  6. Review - Critical Han Studies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhiguo Ye

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Review of: Thomas Mullaney, James Leibold, Stéphane Gros, and Eric Armand Vanden Bussche (eds. 2012. Critical Han Studies: The History, Representation, and Identity of China's Majority. Berkeley, Calif: University of California Press. This path-breaking volume is an academic collaboration that emerged out of the "Critical Han Studies Conference and Workshop" at Stanford University in April 2008. Eleven scholars contributed to the question of what it means to be 'Han' in China, both historically and at present. Constituting over ninety percent of China's population, the Han are not only the largest ethnic group in China, but are also one of the largest categories of collective identity in the world. Despite this, the dominant Han group has so far eluded careful scholarly scrutiny, with the Han often referred to as an unmarked majority category in contemporary China. This volume challenges such conventional views by conceptualizing new interdisciplinary approaches to the question of Hanness. The eleven essays of the volume are divided into three themes: 'Han and China', 'The Problem of Han Origins', and 'The Problem of Han Formations'. The first theme, comprised of four essays, analyzes the ties that bind the category of Han to those of Chinese ethnicity, race, and polity. Kevin Carrico in "Recentering China: The Cantonese in and Beyond the Han" questions a single, unitary Hanness that he believes conceals "countless other perceived and imagined lines of differentiation" (25. The study examines how multiple identities...

  7. The Hi Five study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Johansen, Anette; Denbæk, Anne Maj; Bonnesen, Camilla Thørring;

    2015-01-01

    and almost none of them are conducted as randomized controlled trials. The overall aim of the Hi Five study was to develop, implement and evaluate a multi-component school-based intervention to improve hand hygiene and well-being and to reduce the prevalence of infections among school children...... in intervention schools by 20% compared to control schools. This paper describes the development and the evaluation design of Hi Five. METHODS/DESIGN: The Hi Five study was designed as a tree-armed cluster-randomized controlled trial. A national random sample of schools (n = 44) was randomized to one of two...... intervention groups (n = 29) or to a control group with no intervention (n = 15). A total of 8,438 six to fifteen-year-old school children were enrolled in the study. The Hi Five intervention consisted of three components: 1) a curriculum component 2) mandatory daily hand washing before lunch 3) extra cleaning...

  8. Tanzania country study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1999-09-01

    Objectives of this study are to analyse the role of the land use sectors of Tanzania (especially forestry) on mitigation of greenhouse gases. Specific emphasis is placed on the relationship between forestry and energy supply from biomass, as well as other forestry products. This is a follow up study on an earlier effort which worked on mitigation options in the country without and in-depth analysis of the forestry and land use sectors. Analysis of the mitigation scenario has been based on Comprehensive Mitigation Analysis (COMAP). This study has analysed the forestry and land use sector behaviour on the basis of the current policies on land and environment. Furthermore three scenarios have been developed on the basis of what is expected to happen in the sectors, the worse scenario being a catastrophic one where if things takes the business as usual trend then the forest resources will easily be depleted. The TFAP scenario takes into account the implementation of the current plans as scheduled while the mitigation scenario takes into account the GHG mitigation in the implementation of the plans. A Comprehensive Mitigation Analysis Process (COMAP) has been used to analyse the GHG and cost implications of the various programmes under the mitigation scenario. (au) 30 refs.

  9. ADVANCED CUTTINGS TRANSPORT STUDY

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Troy Reed; Stefan Miska; Nicholas Takach; Kaveh Ashenayi; Mark Pickell; Len Volk; Mike Volk; Evren Ozbayoglu; Lei Zhou

    2002-07-30

    This is the fourth quarterly progress report for Year-3 of the ACTS Project. It includes a review of progress made in: (1) Flow Loop construction and development and (2) research tasks during the period of time between April 1, 2002 and June 30, 2002. This report presents a review of progress on the following specific tasks: (a) Design and development of an Advanced Cuttings Transport Facility (Task 3: Addition of a Cuttings Injection/Separation System), (b) Research project (Task 6): ''Study of Cuttings Transport with Foam Under LPAT Conditions (Joint Project with TUDRP)''; (c) Research project (Task 9b): ''Study of Foam Flow Behavior Under EPET Conditions''; (d) Research project (Task 10): ''Study of Cuttings Transport with Aerated Mud Under Elevated Pressure and Temperature Conditions''; (e) Research on three instrumentation tasks to measure: Cuttings concentration and distribution in a flowing slurry (Task 11), Foam texture while transporting cuttings. (Task 12), and Viscosity of Foam under EPET (Task 9b); (f) Development of a Safety program for the ACTS Flow Loop. Progress on a comprehensive safety review of all flow-loop components and operational procedures. (Task 1S); (g) Activities towards technology transfer and developing contacts with Petroleum and service company members, and increasing the number of JIP members.

  10. Andean region study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-10-01

    New opportunities for climate change mitigation arising from a higher energy integration among Andean Pact nations were analysed within the framework of the UNEP/GEF Project. Apart from the search for regional mitigation actions, the study was mainly aimed at detecting methodological problems which arise when passing from a strictly national view to the co-ordination of regional actions to deal with climate change. In accordance with the available resources and data, and in view of the mainly methodological nature of the project, it was decided to analyse the opportunities to delve into the energy integration of the Region as regards electricity and natural gas industries and their eventual impact on the emission of greenhouse gases. Although possibilities of setting up electricity and natural gas markets are real, their impacts on GHG emission from the energy system would not prove substantially higher than those which the nations could achieve through the use of their own energy resources, in view that the Andean systems are competitive rather than complementary. More in-depth studies and detail information will be required - unavailable for the present study - to be able to properly evaluate all benefits associated with higher energy integration. Nevertheless, the supply of natural gas to Ecuador seems to be the alternative with the highest impact on GHG emission. If we were to analyse the supply and final consumption of energy jointly, we would most certainly detect additional mitigation options resulting from higher co-operation and co-ordination in the energy field. (EHS)

  11. Contemplative Media Studies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kevin Healey

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The psychological and socio-economic implications of digital technologies call for scholarship that engages questions about the nature of human consciousness, the construction of the self and the ethics of technical development. In this article, I outline a framework for an approach called contemplative media studies. This approach incorporates several different scholarly threads, namely: via critical political-economic media scholarship, a focus on achieving social and economic justice through policy initiatives and structural reform; via media and religious scholarship, an interest in the religious dimensions of digital culture and the role of media in shaping religious identity; and via contemplative studies, an appreciation of the applicability of contemplative principles to research methods and theory. This framework allows us to examine the spiritual ideology that drives the construction of commercial digital platforms and to ask whether alternative platforms might better catalyze human development. Anchored in a critical commitment to socio-economic justice, contemplative media studies is aimed at articulating an ethically-responsive and economically-sustainable architecture of human flourishing.

  12. 1970 British Cohort Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matt Brown

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The 1970 British Cohort Study (BCS70 is one of Britain’s world famous national longitudinal birth cohort studies, three of which are run by the Centre for Longitudinal Studies at the Institute of Education, University of London.  BCS70 follows the lives of more than 17,000 people born in England, Scotland and Wales in a single week of 1970. Over the course of cohort members lives, the BCS70 has collected information on health, physical, educational and social development, and economic circumstances among other factors. Since the birth survey in 1970, there have been nine ‘sweeps’ of all cohort members at ages 5, 10, 16, 26, 30, 34, 38 and most recently at 42. Data has been collected from a number of different sources (the midwife present at birth, parents of the cohort members, head and class teachers, school health service personnel and the cohort members themselves. The data has been collected in a variety of ways including via paper and electronic questionnaires, clinical records, medical examinations, physical measurements, tests of ability, educational assessments and diaries. The majority of BCS70 survey data can be accessed by bona fide researchers through the UK Data Service at the University of Essex.

  13. Ketoprofen Dental Pain Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Levin, L M; Cooper, S A; Betts, N J; Wedell, D; Hermann, D G; Lamp, C; Secreto, S A; Hersh, E V

    1997-01-01

    Ketoprofen is a nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drug, recently approved as an over-the-counter (OTC) analgesic at a 12.5 mg dosage strength. This is the first published study which explores the analgesic efficacy and safety of ketoprofen 12.5 mg in patients experiencing pain following the removal of impacted third molars. This study was single-dose, double-blind and randomized utilizing a 6-hour in-patient evaluation period. Patients ingested a single dose of ketoprofen 12.5 mg (n = 30), ketoprofen 37.5 mg (n = 32) or placebo (n = 15) when their post-surgical pain reached at least a moderate intensity on a 5-point categorical (CAT) scale and greater than 50 mm on a 100 mm visual analog scale (VAS). Measures of pain intensity and relief were gathered every 20 minutes for the first 2 hours, and then hourly from hours 3 through 6. Adverse drug reactions were also recorded as they occurred. Both dosages of ketoprofen were significantly more efficacious than placebo (two way ANOVAs, p measures (SPID(VAS), SPID(CAT), TOTPAR) than placebo, with the exception of the 6-hr SPID(CAT) measure for ketoprofen 12.5 mg. No serious side effects were observed in this study. We conclude that ketoprofen in a dose range of 12.5 mg to 37.5 mg is a safe and effective analgesic for the relief of post-operative dental pain.

  14. STUDI ISLAM PENDEKATAN HERMENEUTIK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elok Noor Farida

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available ISLAMIC STUDIES USING HERMENEUTICS APPRO- ACH. Al-Qur’an as the Islam’s holy book is a miracle that has been revealed to the Prophet Muhammad as a guide for muslim’s life. As a Muslim, we necessarily have to understand exactly what the message of  the Quran. Al-Qur’an is not only readable even it is a worship, but more than that, how to implement the contents of  the Qur’an in everyday life. In understanding asbab al-nuzul certainly should understand that there are verses in the Qur’an. In addition, it should also understand various methods to understand the Qur’an, one of them is the hermeneutic approach. Hermeneutics as a method of reading the text has been widely recognized in various fields of  traditional Islamic scholarship, especially in the tradition of  fiqh and tafsir al-Qur’an. Meanwhile, modern hermeneutics in Islamic thought can basically be called a great leap in the formulation of  the methodology of  Islamic thought in general and methods of  interpretation of  the Kor’an in particular.Therefore, the approach of  hermeneutics in Islamic studies also need to be studied to add to the treasures of  knowledge and can provide new insights on how to understand the text and interpretation of the text that will be studied. keywords: Islamic Studies, Hermeneutics. Kitab Suci Al-Qur’an sebagai kitab suci agama Islam merupakan mukjizat yang telah diturunkan kepada Nabi Muhammad saw. sebagai pedoman umat Islam sepanjang hayat. Sebagai Muslim yang mempedomani tentu harus memahami betul apa pesan-pesan dalam Al-Qur’an.  Al-Qur’an  tidak  hanya  dibaca  meskipun  bernilai ibadah, akan tetapi lebih dari itu, bagaimana mengimplementasikan isi kandungan Al-Qur’an dalam kehidupan sehari-hari. Dalam memahami tentu harus memahami asbabun nuzul ayat-ayat yang terdapat dalam Al-Qur’an. Di samping itu, juga harus memahami berbagai macam metode dalam memahami Al-Qur’an, di antaranya dengan pendekatan

  15. Environmental study of firefighters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jankovic, J; Jones, W; Burkhart, J; Noonan, G

    1991-12-01

    A study of firefighter exposures was undertaken at the request of the U.S. Fire Administration. This work was part of a larger study which included field evaluation of the performance of the self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA) worn by firefighters during structural firefighting. Measurements were made for a variety of contaminants including CO, CO2, benzene, HCN, HCl, H2SO4, HF, acrolein, CH4, formaldehyde and PNAs. Many of the analyses were performed by collection of bag samples followed by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy using a field mobile spectrometer. Measurements were also made using solid sorbent tubes and direct-reading meters. Sampling was done both during the knockdown and during overhaul phases of structural firefighting. Also, in order to estimate exposures including those when the SCBAs were worn, measurements were made both inside and outside the SCBA facepiece. Carbon monoxide was the most common contaminant found during knockdown, and about 10% of the samples were greater than 1500 ppm. Formaldehyde, acrolein, hydrogen chloride, hydrogen cyanide, sulphuric acid and hydrogen fluoride all exceeded their respective short-term exposure limits (STEL) on some occasions. Approximately 50% of the knockdown samples for acrolein exceeded the STEL. During overhaul, when masks were usually not worn, many of the contaminants found during knockdown were detected, but typically at much lower concentrations. Inside-mask sampling data suggest that exposure to low concentrations of a variety of compounds is occurring but this is believed to be principally the result of early mask removal or of non-use during knockdown rather than of leakage. The three basic sampling approaches (bag sampling, sorbent tubes and direct-reading meters) proved in this study to be complementary and served to maximize our ability to detect and quantify a wide range of combustion products.

  16. Portable treatment systems study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sherick, M.J.; Schwinkendorf, W.E.; Bechtold, T.E.; Cole, L.T.

    1997-03-01

    In developing their Site Treatment Plans (STPs), many of the Department of Energy installations identified some form of portable treatment, to facilitate compliant disposition of select mixed low-level wastestreams. The Environmental Management Office of Science and Technology requested that a systems study be performed to better define the potential role of portable treatment with respect to mixed low-level waste, highlight obstacles to implementation, and identify opportunities for future research and development emphasis. The study was performed by first establishing a representative set of mixed waste, then formulating portable treatment system concepts to meet the required processing needs for these wastes. The portable systems that were conceptualized were evaluated and compared to a fixed centralized treatment alternative. The system evaluations include a life-cycle cost analysis and an assessment of regulatory, institutional, and technical issues associated with the potential use of portable systems. The results of this study show that when all costs are included, there are no significant cost differences between portable systems and fixed systems. However, it is also emphasized that many uncertainties exist that could impact the cost of implementing portable treatment systems. Portable treatment could be made more attractive through private sector implementation, although there is little economic incentive for a commercial vendor to develop small, specialized treatment capabilities with limited applicability. Alternatively, there may also be valid reasons why fixed units cannot be used for some problematic wastestreams. In any event, there are some site-specific problems that still need to be addressed, and there may be some opportunity for research and development to make a positive impact in these areas.

  17. Platform evolution studies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walton, Barbara A.

    1990-01-01

    The polar orbiting platform (POP), being developed by the Work Package 3 (WP3) Project at the Goddard Space Flight Center, will play a key role in the NASA Leadership Initiative, Mission to Planet Earth (MPE). It becomes, with the addition of payloads, an Earth observation satellite observatory. Mission to Planet Earth also has geostationary platforms (GEOP) as part of its global observational system. A study was begun in March 1988 to assess the applicability of the POP orbital replacement units (ORUs) for a geostationary Earth observing mission. Two test cases, representative of MPE payloads, were studied. Case A was used to emphasize the GEOP configuration and design; it used a Titan/Centaur to achieve orbit. Case B, considered to be much further in the future, included some assembly at the Space Station Freedom manned base and use of an orbital transfer vehicle to achieve orbit; requirements on the manned base to support such a mission were emphasized. The study found the POP systems more than adequate to meet GEOP requirements. Two types of changes were required for the POP ORUs: (1) modification to use only one surface for heat rejection; for the battery ORU, this meant 'opening up' the ORU to retain the radiator area with a corresponding decrease in depth; and (2) deletion of equipment not needed. The Case A configuration was shown to be within the planned capability of the Titan IV/Centaur. Assembly requirements were included for the Case B configuration, which is driven by the large microwave antennas of two of the payloads. The final review was April 19, 1989.

  18. La mitad de oficios en concejos : Madridejos y otros casos, entre el Medievo y la Edad Moderna

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Díaz de la Guardia y López

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Bajo la excusa de los sucesos acontecidos en villas y lugares como Madridejos y otras poblaciones, tanto en los siglos XV como XVI, donde diversos grupos de personas cohesionados y formando estado solicitan, exigen y, con frecuencia, consiguen por medio de litigio penetrar en las instituciones municipales, se realiza un estudio sobre la institución de la mitad de oficios, defendiendo su naturaleza no nobiliaria sino de Derecho público y estableciendo unos parámetros definitorios que puedan englobar a toda esta institución entendida tanto como tipología electoral y como tipología estructural de los concejos castellanos, así como derecho que puede ser alegado por nobles — mayoritariamente— pero también por pecheros ya sean cristianos viejos o nuevos, labradores o caballeros villanos, pobres o ricos. De igual modo a través del presente análisis se demuestra la dificultad que en muchas ocasiones representaba conseguir el fin deseado y cómo los derrotados en los pleitos de mitad de oficios hacían valer determinadas artimañas y excusas para no establecer o demorar el establecimiento de esta institución, llegando incluso a hacer nula la actividad y lo obtenido por el estado que propugnaba el establecimiento de esta institución en sus concejos.In the 15th and 16th centuries, cohesive groups of citizens with a common cause made a request, a demand or, frequently, entered into litigation to penetrate municipal institutions, as occurred in Madridejos and other towns. This paper studies the institution of mitad de oficios or half of trades. A defence is made of the fact that it was a matter of public Law and not of the nobility. The parameters given to define it encompass the institution as a whole: as an electoral factor; as part of the framework of Castilian councils; and as a right claimed by the nobility, mostly, but also by commoners, whether they were old Christians or new, farmers or caballeros villanos, rich or poor. The paper

  19. Study of Consciousness

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Samuel Lee

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The human brain is a powerful organ that controls most of the body. Researchers around the world have long tried to uncover how the brain operates, how memories are formed and stored. Our understanding of neurological diseases such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's disease has been rapidly improving, yet much remains to be done. In this work, we attempt to study changes in intracranial pressure (ICP for a 12-hour period and discuss whether the resulting estimates could be used as a measure of consciousness.

  20. Studying Social Movements

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Uldam, Julie; McCurdy, Patrick

    2013-01-01

    The research method of participant observation has long been used by scholars interested in the motivations, dynamics, tactics and strategies of social movements from a movement perspective. Despite participant observation being a common research method, there have been very few efforts to bring...... and then draws specific links to how the method has been used in the study of activism and social movements. In doing so, this article brings together key academic debates on participant observation, which have been considered separately, such as insider/outsider and overt/covert, but not previously been brought...

  1. Studying bacterial multispecies biofilms

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Røder, Henriette Lyng; Sørensen, Søren Johannes; Burmølle, Mette

    2016-01-01

    and drawbacks of varying the degree of complexity. This review aims to facilitate multispecies biofilm research in order to expand the current limited knowledge on interspecies interactions. Recent technological advances have enabled total diversity analysis of highly complex and diverse microbial communities...... at the microscale of complex communities, including biofilms.Studies of multispecies biofilms and the interactions shaping these are conducted in traditional approaches used for single-species biofilms with some adjustments; but a crucial point for consideration is which strains to combine and where these should...

  2. Roundabouts Canada case study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jamieson, M. [Ryerson Polytechnic Univ., Toronto, ON (Canada); Lenters, M. [Roundabouts Canada, Whitby, ON (Canada)

    2002-07-01

    A modern roundabout was constructed in the community of Ancaster, Ontario in response to growing complaints regarding speeding along the major roadway, and queuing on the minor roadway. The roundabout opened on October 25, 2002. The before and after speeds at the roundabout are being studied, and the fastest path characteristics are assessed in an effort to determine whether the predicted fastest path data correlates with the in-service operating speeds. The speed at R1, R2 and R3 locations on the east west, and north south approaches are measured. tabs., figs.

  3. Diffraction studies with ALICE

    CERN Document Server

    Zamora, Pedro González

    2013-01-01

    The measurement of Single and Double Di raction cross-sections in pp collisions by the ALICE Collaboration at p s = 0.9, 2.76 and 7 TeV will be presented. The relevance of di raction to the understanding of inelastic pp interactions will be discussed and the measurement of the inelastic pp cross-section will be presented. A brief status of ALICE’s studies of centrally produced systems, selected with a two-pseudorapidity gap topology, will also be given

  4. Nogales flood detention study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Norman, Laura M.; Levick, Lainie; Guertin, D. Phillip; Callegary, James; Guadarrama, Jesus Quintanar; Anaya, Claudia Zulema Gil; Prichard, Andrea; Gray, Floyd; Castellanos, Edgar; Tepezano, Edgar; Huth, Hans; Vandervoet, Prescott; Rodriguez, Saul; Nunez, Jose; Atwood, Donald; Granillo, Gilberto Patricio Olivero; Ceballos, Francisco Octavio Gastellum

    2010-01-01

    Flooding in Ambos Nogales often exceeds the capacity of the channel and adjacent land areas, endangering many people. The Nogales Wash is being studied to prevent future flood disasters and detention features are being installed in tributaries of the wash. This paper describes the application of the KINEROS2 model and efforts to understand the capacity of these detention features under various flood and urbanization scenarios. Results depict a reduction in peak flow for the 10-year, 1-hour event based on current land use in tributaries with detention features. However, model results also demonstrate that larger storm events and increasing urbanization will put a strain on the features and limit their effectiveness.

  5. The function genomics study

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    @@ Genomics is a biology term appeared ten years ago, used to describe the researches of genomic mapping, sequencing, and structure analysis, etc. Genomics, the first journal for publishing papers on genomics research was born in 1986. In the past decade, the concept of genomics has been widely accepted by scientists who are engaging in biology research. Meanwhile, the research scope of genomics has been extended continuously, from simple gene mapping and sequencing to function genomics study. To reflect the change, genomics is divided into two parts now, the structure genomics and the function genomics.

  6. A longitudinal study

    OpenAIRE

    Hantel, Hajo

    2010-01-01

    This study was conducted to evaluate the influence of stress, coping and occlusion in the development of temporomandibular disorders (TMD). 99 dental students (m/w = 33/66) could be observed over a period of 24 months. Clinical data were recorded using the protocol of RDC/TMD-axis I, Helkimo’s clinical Dysfunction Index (DI) as well as Helkimo’s Index for Occlusal State (OI). For quantitative evaluation the findings of RDC/TMD were transferred into the RDC-Index (Kanzlivius). Data regardin...

  7. Toxicological study of NTO

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    London, J.E.; Smith, D.M.

    1985-09-01

    The acute oral LD/sub 50/ values for NTO for mice and rats are greater than 5 g/kg. According to classical guidelines, the test material would be considered only slightly toxic or practically non-toxic in both species. Skin application studies in the rabbit with NTO demonstrated that it was mildly irritating cutaneously. With the scoring scheme, the rabbit eye test was considered negative; however, transient conjunctival and corneal irritation did result from the NTO application in several animals and one developed a chronic anterior uveitis. The material did not induce sensitization in the intradermal guinea pig assay. 6 refs., 1 tab.

  8. Bypass Flow Study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Richard Schultz

    2011-09-01

    The purpose of the fluid dynamics experiments in the MIR (Matched Index of-Refraction) flow system at Idaho National Laboratory (INL) is to develop benchmark databases for the assessment of Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) solutions of the momentum equations, scalar mixing, and turbulence models for the flow ratios between coolant channels and bypass gaps in the interstitial regions of typical prismatic standard fuel element (SFE) or upper reflector block geometries of typical Modular High-temperature Gas-cooled Reactors (MHTGR) in the limiting case of negligible buoyancy and constant fluid properties. The experiments use Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) to measure the velocity fields that will populate the bypass flow study database.

  9. Epidemiological studies on syncope

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ruwald, Martin Huth

    2013-01-01

    : 1) the use, validity and accuracy of the ICD-10 diagnosis of syncope R55.9 in the National Patient Registry for the use of this diagnosis in the epidemiology of syncope, 2) diagnostics used and etiology of a random selection of patients who had a discharge diagnosis of R55.9, 3) the incidence...... thesis demonstrated that the ICD-10 discharge diagnosis could reliably identify a cohort of patients admitted for syncope and that the discharge code carried a high number of unexplained cases despite use of numerous tests. The last studies showed that syncope is a common cause for hospital contact...

  10. Botswana country study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhou, Peter [EECG Consultants, Gaborone (Botswana)

    1998-10-01

    The project analysed the baseline economic, energy development and greenhouse gas (GHG) scenarios, and abatement costing of plausible greenhouse gas mitigation options in the energy sector of Botswana. The analysis period for both the baseline and mitigation scenarios is up to 2030 with the short term stretching from 1994 to 2005 and the long term up to 2030. There is a relatively significant potential to reduce GHG emissions in the energy system of Botswana by applying a number of mitigation options. The potential in by applying a set of 21 mitigation options analysed in this study was found to be about 28.7% in 2005 and 26.1% in 2030. (EG)

  11. Mars Rover RTG Study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schock, Alfred

    1989-08-25

    This report summarizes the results of a Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generator (RTG) design study conducted by Fairchild Space Company at the direction of the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of SpecialApplications, in suppport of the Mars Rover and Sample Return mission under investigation at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory. The report is a rearranged, updated, and significantly expanded amalgam of three interrelated papers presented at the 24th Intersocity Energy Conversion Engineering Conference (IECEC) at Arlington, Virginia, on August 10, 1989.

  12. Environmental pollution studies

    CERN Document Server

    Best, Gerry

    1999-01-01

    This book examines a number of important contemporary environmental issues in an informative and easy-to-read style. The topics covered include sewage treatment, eutrophication, air pollution, acid rain, global warming and pollution from farming. A particularly valuable section of the book describes a range of tests that can be carried out on various environmental parameters. The procedures require relatively simple equipment and they have been pre-tested in a school laboratory. "Environmental Pollution Studies" will be of value to senior school pupils and students at college or university embarking on courses in environmental science.

  13. STUDYING COMPLEX ADAPTIVE SYSTEMS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    John H. Holland

    2006-01-01

    Complex adaptive systems (cas) - systems that involve many components that adapt or learn as they interact - are at the heart of important contemporary problems. The study of cas poses unique challenges: Some of our most powerful mathematical tools, particularly methods involving fixed points, attractors, and the like, are of limited help in understanding the development of cas. This paper suggests ways to modify research methods and tools, with an emphasis on the role of computer-based models, to increase our understanding of cas.

  14. Studies on Infectious Mononucleosis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joncas, J.; Chagnon, A.; Pavilanis, V.

    1966-01-01

    Viral studies were carried out on throat swabs, rectal swabs and washed white blood cells from 27 cases of infectious mononucleosis (positive Paul-Bunnell-David-sohn test), and from 22 controls. Four cytopathic agents were isolated in the test group, two of which were readily subcultured for at least three successive passages. Three cytopathic agents were recovered in the control group, two of which have been identified as adenovirus type 5 and adenovirus type 3. The unidentified agents tested so far are sensitive to ether and to pH 3. The results of acridine-orange staining and the immunofluorescence technique, using a conjugated control serum and two conjugated convalescent infectious mononucleosis sera, indicate that the isolated agent or agents in the test group are RNA-type agents with a cytoplasmic cycle of development. The overall results of this study lead the authors to suspect a respiratory syncytial-like myxovirus as the as yet unidentified agent which they recovered. ImagesFig. 1aFig. 1bFig. 1cFig. 1dFig. 2aFig. 2bFig. 2cFig. 2dFig. 3aFig. 3bFig. 3cFig. 3dFig. 3eFig. 3f PMID:4952899

  15. Geologic environmental study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Chun Soo; Bae, Dae Seok; Kim, Kyung Su; Park, Byung Yoon; Koh, Young Kown; Chun, Kwan Sik; Kim, Jhin Wung

    2000-05-01

    The geoscience research works are focused on the production of geologic basic data accompanying with the technical development of geology and hydrogeologic characterization. The lithology of the Korean peninsula consists of a complex structure of 29 rock types from Archean to Quaternary. The wide distribution of Mesozoic plutonic rock is an important consideration as a potential host rock allowing flexibility of siting. The recent tectonic activities are limited to localized particular area, which can be avoided by excluding in the early stage of siting. Three rock types such as plutonic rocks, crystalline gneisses and massive volcanic rocks were suggested as the preferred host rocks for the further study on HLW disposal system. This report contains grouping of regional faults, and on the distributional characteristics of faults and fractures(zones) in terms of lithological domain and tectonical provinces. The regional groundwater regime can be grouped into 3 regimes by tectonic setting and four groundwater regions based on an altitute. Groundwaters can be grouped by their chemistry and host rocks. The origin of groundwater was proposed by isotope ({sup 1}8O, {sup 2}H, {sup 1}3C, {sup 3}4S, {sup 8}7Sr, {sup 1}5N) studies and the residence time of groundwater was inferred from their tritium contents. Based on the geochemical and isotope characteristics, the geochemical evolutions of each types of groundwater were simulated using SOLVEQ/CHILLER and PHREEQC programs.

  16. National transmission grid study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Abraham, Spencer [USDOE Office of the Secretary of Energy, Washington, DC (United States)

    2003-05-31

    The National Energy Policy Plan directed the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) to conduct a study to examine the benefits of establishing a national electricity transmission grid and to identify transmission bottlenecks and measures to address them. DOE began by conducting an independent analysis of U.S. electricity markets and identifying transmission system bottlenecks using DOE’s Policy Office Electricity Modeling System (POEMS). DOE’s analysis, presented in Section 2, confirms the central role of the nation’s transmission system in lowering costs to consumers through increased trade. More importantly, DOE’s analysis also confirms the results of previous studies, which show that transmission bottlenecks and related transmission system market practices are adding hundreds of millions of dollars to consumers’ electricity bills each year. A more detailed technical overview of the use of POEMS is provided in Appendix A. DOE led an extensive, open, public input process and heard a wide range of comments and recommendations that have all been considered.1 More than 150 participants registered for three public workshops held in Detroit, MI (September 24, 2001); Atlanta, GA (September 26, 2001); and Phoenix, AZ (September 28, 2001).

  17. A Cross - Sectional Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Afsoon Fazlinezhad

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available   Introduction: Aortic valve sclerosisis considered as a manifestation of coronary atherosclerosis. Recent studies demonstrated an association between aortic valve sclerosis and obstructive coronary artery disease. The purpose of this study was to evaluatethe correlation betweenaortic valve sclerosis andobstructive coronary artery disease and the extent of coronary artery disease in patients hospitalized for chest pain.   Materials and Methods: A total of 230 consecutive patients were referred to the coronary angiography of GhaemMedical Center and were subjected to transthorasic echocardiography for screening of aortic valve sclerosis and coronary risk assessment. The diagnostic value of obstructive coronary artery disease for aortic valve sclerosis was calculated. Results: The patients with obstructive coronary artery disease had a higher prevalence of aortic valve sclerosis compared to those with no coronary artery disease (P< 0.05. Aortic valve sclerosis was an independent predictor for obstructive coronary artery disease by multivariate analysis (P< 0.05. Aortic valve sclerosis had sensitivity of 47% and specificity of 79% and positive predictor value of 92%. Conclusions: Aortic valve sclerosis was an independent predictor for obstructive coronary artery disease in patients with chest pain and was strongly interrelated with the extent of coronary artery disease in these patients.

  18. Retrieval options study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1980-03-01

    This Retrieval Options Study is part of the systems analysis activities of the Office of Nuclear Waste Isolation to develop the scientific and technological bases for radioactive waste repositories in various geologic media. The study considers two waste forms, high level waste and spent fuel, and defines various classes of waste retrieval and recovery. A methodology and data base are developed which allow the relative evaluation of retrieval and recovery costs and the following technical criteria: safety; technical feasibility; ease of retrieval; probable intact retrieval time; safeguards; monitoring; criticality; and licensability. A total of 505 repository options are defined and the cost and technical criteria evaluated utilizing a combination of facts and engineering judgments. The repositories evaluated are selected combinations of the following parameters: Geologic Media (salt, granite, basalt, shale); Retrieval Time after Emplacement (5 and 25 years); Emplacement Design (nominal hole, large hole, carbon steel canister, corrosion resistant canister, backfill in hole, nominal sleeves, thick wall sleeves); Emplacement Configuration (single vertical, multiple vertical, single horizontal, multiple horizontal, vaults; Thermal Considerations; (normal design, reduced density, once-through ventilation, recirculated ventilation); Room Backfill; (none, run-of-mine, early, 5 year delay, 25 year delay, decommissioned); and Rate of Retrieval; (same as emplacement, variably slower depending on repository/canister condition).

  19. ADVANCED CUTTINGS TRANSPORT STUDY

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Troy Reed; Stefan Miska; Nicholas Takach; Kaveh Ashenayi; Mark Pickell; Len Volk; Mike Volk; Lei Zhou; Zhu Chen; Crystal Redden; Aimee Washington

    2003-01-30

    This is the second quarterly progress report for Year-4 of the ACTS Project. It includes a review of progress made in: (1) Flow Loop construction and development and (2) research tasks during the period of time between October 1, 2002 and December 30, 2002. This report presents a review of progress on the following specific tasks. (a) Design and development of an Advanced Cuttings Transport Facility Task 3: Addition of a Cuttings Injection/Separation System, Task 4: Addition of a Pipe Rotation System. (b) New research project (Task 9b): ''Development of a Foam Generator/Viscometer for Elevated Pressure and Elevated Temperature (EPET) Conditions''. (d) Research project (Task 10): ''Study of Cuttings Transport with Aerated Mud Under Elevated Pressure and Temperature Conditions''. (e) Research on three instrumentation tasks to measure: Cuttings concentration and distribution in a flowing slurry (Task 11), Foam texture while transporting cuttings. (Task 12), and Viscosity of Foam under EPET (Task 9b). (f) New Research project (Task 13): ''Study of Cuttings Transport with Foam under Elevated Pressure and Temperature Conditions''. (g) Development of a Safety program for the ACTS Flow Loop. Progress on a comprehensive safety review of all flow-loop components and operational procedures. (Task 1S). (h) Activities towards technology transfer and developing contacts with Petroleum and service company members, and increasing the number of JIP members.

  20. Finemet cavity impedance studies

    CERN Document Server

    Persichelli, S; Migliorati, M; Salvant, B

    2013-01-01

    The aim of the study is to evaluate the impedance of the Finemet kicker cavity to be installed in the PS straight section 02 during LS1, under realistic assumptions of bunch length. Time domain simulations with CST Particle Studio have been performed in order to get the impedance of the cavity and make a comparison with the longitudinal impedance measured for a single cell prototype. The study has been performed on simplified 3D geometries imported from a mechanical CATIA drawing, assuming that the simplications have small impact on the nal results. Simulations confirmed that the longitudinal impedance observed with measurements can be excited by bunches circulating in the PS. In the six-cells Finemet cavity, PS bunches circulating in the center can excite a longitudinal impedance, the real part of which has a maximum of 2 kOhm at 4 MHz. This mode does not seem to have any transverse component. All the eigenmodes of the cavity are strongly damped by the Finemet rings: we predict to have no issues regarding tr...

  1. Arrival Metering Precision Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prevot, Thomas; Mercer, Joey; Homola, Jeffrey; Hunt, Sarah; Gomez, Ashley; Bienert, Nancy; Omar, Faisal; Kraut, Joshua; Brasil, Connie; Wu, Minghong, G.

    2015-01-01

    This paper describes the background, method and results of the Arrival Metering Precision Study (AMPS) conducted in the Airspace Operations Laboratory at NASA Ames Research Center in May 2014. The simulation study measured delivery accuracy, flight efficiency, controller workload, and acceptability of time-based metering operations to a meter fix at the terminal area boundary for different resolution levels of metering delay times displayed to the air traffic controllers and different levels of airspeed information made available to the Time-Based Flow Management (TBFM) system computing the delay. The results show that the resolution of the delay countdown timer (DCT) on the controllers display has a significant impact on the delivery accuracy at the meter fix. Using the 10 seconds rounded and 1 minute rounded DCT resolutions resulted in more accurate delivery than 1 minute truncated and were preferred by the controllers. Using the speeds the controllers entered into the fourth line of the data tag to update the delay computation in TBFM in high and low altitude sectors increased air traffic control efficiency and reduced fuel burn for arriving aircraft during time based metering.

  2. Why Study the Sun?

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Arvind Bhatnagar

    2006-06-01

    In this presentation we briefly describe the Sun through large number of illustrations and pictures of the Sun taken from early times to the present day space missions. The importance of the study of the Sun is emphasized as it is the nearest star which presents unparallelled views of surface details and numerous phenomena. Our Sun offers a unique celestial laboratory where a large variety of phenomena take place, ranging in temporal domain from a few milliseconds to several decades, in spatial domain from a few hundred kilometers to thousands of kilometers, and in the temperature domain from a few thousand degrees to several million degrees. Its mass motion ranges from thousandths to thousands of kilometers per second. Such an object provides us with a unique laboratory to study the state of matter in the Universe. The existing solar ground-based and space missions have already revealed several mysteries of the outer environment of our Sun and much more is going to come in the near future from planned new sophisticated ground-based solar telescopes and Space missions. The new technique of helioseismology has unravelled many secrets of the solar interior and has put the Standard Solar Model (SSM) on firm footing. The long-standing problem of solar neutrinos has been recently sorted out, and even the ‘back side’ view of the Sun can be seen using the technique of holographic helioseismology.

  3. The Participation Decision Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Margaret Y. Ficaj

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available The 2011 participation decision study involved exploration into the impact of the external education environment on the decision for private school participation in Federal funding, one deliberately declining player in the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001(NCLB choice and competition equation. In the qualitative collective case, three religiously triangulated Michigan private school decision-makers submitted to semi-structured interviews. Analysis of the external environmental factors was through the lens of Gould and Eldredge’s (1977 environmentally oriented theory, punctuated equilibria philosophy of change. Analysis involved layering, direct interpretation, categorical aggregation, and cross-comparison of two external environmental categories identified at literature review (NCLB-content and privatization-dynamic with numerous major and sub-groupings and space for newly emergent material. The category privatization-dynamics emerged as significant influence, as did the major theme trust and the sub-themes motivational intent, competency, consistency, grapevine, creativity or inspiration, restrictions on curriculum, lack of awareness of opportunities available, and fear of failure. The study included five specific recommendations for leaders of change to explain, predict, and improve organizational performance toward greater synchronization in operation of the NCLB choice and competition mechanisms.

  4. Studies in children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perera, Frederica P; Edwards, Susan C

    2011-01-01

    This chapter first discusses the urgent need for prevention of childhood diseases that impose a huge and growing burden on families and society. It provides a review of recent research in this area to illustrate both the strengths and limitations of molecular epidemiology in drawing needed links between environmental exposures and illness in children. For illustration, three of the major diseases in children are discussed: asthma, cancer and developmental disorders. All three impose significant difficulties, have increased in recent decades, and are thought to be caused in substantial part by environmental factors, such as toxic exposures due to lifestyle choices (i.e. smoking and diet), pollutants in the workplace, ambient air, water and the food supply. These exogenous exposures can interact with "host" factors, such as genetic susceptibility and nutritional deficits, to cause disease. Molecular epidemiology has provided valuable new insights into the magnitude and diversity of exposures beginning in utero, the unique susceptibility of the young, and the adverse preclinical and clinical effects resulting from the interactions between these factors. However, molecular epidemiology also faces certain constraints and challenges that are specific to studies of the very young, including ethical issues, technical issues due to the limited amount of biological specimens that can be obtained, and communication of results to parents and communities. These challenges are particularly apparent when incorporating the newer epigenetic and "omic" techniques and biomarkers into studies of children's diseases.

  5. Mars Rover RTG Study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schock, Alfred

    1989-11-27

    This report summarizes the results of a Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generator (RTG) design study conducted by Fairchild Space Company at the direction of the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Special Applications, in support of the Mars Rover and Sample Return mission under investigation at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Presented at the 40th Congress of the IAF, Oct. 7-13, 1989 in Torremolinos, Malaga-Spain. The paper describes the design and analysis of Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generators (RTGs) for powering the Mars Rover vehicle, which is a critical element of the unmanned Mars Rover and Sample Return mission (MRSR). The RTG design study was conducted by Fairchild Space for the U.S. DOE in support of the JPL MRSR Project. The paper briefly describes a reference mission scenario, an illustrative Rover design and activity pattern on Mars, and its power system requirements and environmental constraints, including the RTG cooling requirements during transit to Mars. It summarizes the baseline RTG's mass breakdown, and presents a detailed description of its thermal, thermoelectric, and electrical analysis. The results presented show the RTG performance achievable with current technology, and the performance improvements that would be achievable with various technology developments. It provides a basis for selecting the optimum strategy for meeting the Mars Rover design goals with minimal programmatic risk and cost. Cross Reference CID #7135 dated 10/1989. There is a duplicate copy. This document is not relevant to the OSTI Library. Do not send.

  6. Hydrogen energy systems studies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ogden, J.M.; Steinbugler, M.; Kreutz, T. [Princeton Univ., NJ (United States). Center for Energy and Environmental Studies

    1998-08-01

    In this progress report (covering the period May 1997--May 1998), the authors summarize results from ongoing technical and economic assessments of hydrogen energy systems. Generally, the goal of their research is to illuminate possible pathways leading from present hydrogen markets and technologies toward wide scale use of hydrogen as an energy carrier, highlighting important technologies for RD and D. Over the past year they worked on three projects. From May 1997--November 1997, the authors completed an assessment of hydrogen as a fuel for fuel cell vehicles, as compared to methanol and gasoline. Two other studies were begun in November 1997 and are scheduled for completion in September 1998. The authors are carrying out an assessment of potential supplies and demands for hydrogen energy in the New York City/New Jersey area. The goal of this study is to provide useful data and suggest possible implementation strategies for the New York City/ New Jersey area, as the Hydrogen Program plans demonstrations of hydrogen vehicles and refueling infrastructure. The authors are assessing the implications of CO{sub 2} sequestration for hydrogen energy systems. The goals of this work are (a) to understand the implications of CO{sub 2} sequestration for hydrogen energy system design; (b) to understand the conditions under which CO{sub 2} sequestration might become economically viable; and (c) to understand design issues for future low-CO{sub 2} emitting hydrogen energy systems based on fossil fuels.

  7. Grain alcohol study: summary

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    The study has concentrated upon a detailed examination of all considerations involved in the production, use, and marketing of ethyl alcohol (Ethanol) as produced from the fermentation of agricultural grains. Each parameter was examined in the light of current energy markets and trends; new sources and technological, and processes for fermentation, the capability of the agricultural industry to support fermentaton demand; the optimization of value of agricultureal crops; and the efficiencies of combining related industries. Anhydrous (200 proof) ethanol makes an excellent blending component for all present automotive fuels and an excellent octane additive for unleaded fuels in proportions up to 35% without requiring modifications to current engines. There is no difference between ethanol produced by fermentation and ethanol produced synthetically from petroleum. The decision to produce ethanol one way or the other is purely economic. The agricultural industry can support a major expansion in the fermentation industry. The residue (distillers grains) from the fermentation of corn for ethanol is an excellent and economical feed for livestock and poultry. A reliable supply of distillers grains can assist in making the large beef feedlot operations more economically viable. The source materials, fuels, products and by-products of an ethanol plant, beef feedlot, gas biodigester plant, municipal waste recovery plant and a steam generated electrical plant are interrelated and mutually beneficial for energy efficiencies and economic gains when co-located. The study concludes that the establishment of such agricultural-environment industrial energy complexes, would provide a broad range of significant benefits to Indiana.

  8. Grain alcohol study: summary

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    The study has concentrated upon a detailed examination of all considerations involved in the production, use, and marketing of ethyl alcohol (ethanol) as produced from the fermentation of agricultural grains. Each parameter was examined in the light of current energy markets and trends; new sources and technological, and processes for fermentation, the capability of the agricultural industry to support fermentation demand; the optimizaton of value of agricultural crops; and the efficiencies of combining related industries. Ahydrous (200 proof) ethanol makes an excellent blending component for all present automotive fuels and an excellent octane additive for unleaded fuels in proportions up to 35% without requiring modifications to current engines. There is no difference between ethanol produced by fermentation and ethanol produced synthetically from petroleum. The decision to produce ethanol one way or the other is purely economic. The agricultural industry can support a major expansion in the fermentation industry. The residue (distillers grains) from the fermentation of corn for ethanol is an excellent and economical feed for livestock and poultry. A reliable supply of distillers grain can assist in making the large beef feedlot operations more economically viable. The source materials, fuels, products and by-products of an ethanol plant, beef feedlot, gas biodigester plant, municipal waste recovery plant and a steam generated electrical plant are interrelated and mutually beneficial for energy efficiencies and economic gains when co-located. The study concludes that the establishment of such agricultural- environment industrial energy complexes, would provide a broad range of significant benefits to Indiana.

  9. Muhammadiyah: A Preliminary Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Azyumardi Azra

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available This article is a collection of Bibliography reviewer that discuss Muhammadiyah. The following are some of the bibliography were reviewed:A.R. Sukrianta dan Abdul Munir Malkhan, Perkembangan Pemikiran Muhammadiyah dari Masa ke Masa: Menyambut Muktamar ke-41, (Yogyakarta: Dua Dimensi, 1985.A.R. Sukriyanto dan Abdul Munir Mulkhan, Pergumulan Pemikiran dalam Muhammadiyah, (Yogyakarta: Sipress, 1990.Ruslan Abdul Gani. et.al., Cita dan Citra Muhammadiyah, (Jakarta: Pustaka Panjimas, 1985.M.T. Arifin, Gagasan Pembaharuan Muhammadiyah, (Jakarta: Pustaka Jaya, 1987.M.T. Arifin, Muhammadiyah: Potret yang Berubah, (Surakarta: Institut Gelanggang Pemikiran Filsafat Sosial Budaya dan Kependidikan, 1990.M. Yusron Asrofie, Kiyai Haji Ahmad Dahlan, Pemikiran dan Kepemimpinannya, (Yogyakarta: Yogyakarta Offset, 1983.Fathurrahman Djamil, Ijtihad Muhammadiyah dalam Masalah-masalah Fiqh Kontemporer, (Jakarta: Doctoral Dissertation the State Institute of Islamic Studies (IAIN, 1994.Yunahar Ilyas. et.al., Muhammadiyah dan NU: Reorientasi Wawasan Keislaman, (Yogyakarta: LPPI UMY, LKPSM NU, & PP al-Muhsin, 1993.Musthafa kamal, Chusnan Yusuf, dan Rosyad Sholeh, Muhammadiyah sebagai Gerakan Islam, (Yogyakarta: Penerbit Persatuan, 1976.M. Rusli Karim, Muhammadiyah dalam Kritik dan Komentar, (Jakarta: Rajawali, 1986.Arbiyah Lubis, Pemikiran Muhammadiyah dan Muhammad Abduh: Suatu Studi Perbandingan, (Jakarta: Doctoral Dissertation the State Institute of Islamic Studies (IAIN, 1989.Abdul Munir Mulkhan, Pemikiran K.H. Ahmad Dahlan dan Muhammadiyah dalam Perspektif Perubahan Sosial, (Jakarta: Bumi Aksara, 1990.Abdul Munir Mulkhan, Pak AR Menjawab 245 Permasalahan dalam Islam, (Yogyakarta: Sipress, 1990.M. Din Syamsuddin, Muhammadiyah Kini dan Esok, (Jakarta: Pustaka Panjimas, 1990.H.S. Prodjokusumo, Melestarikan Muhammadiyah, (Jakarta: Pimpinan Pusat Muhammadiyah, 1985.Yusuf Abdullah Puar, Perjuangan dan Pengabdian Muhammadiyah, (Jakarta: Pustaka Antara, 1989.Sahlan Rosidi

  10. La Jolla Fog Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roberts, G. C.; Ramana, M.; Pham, A.; Ramanathan, V.

    2002-12-01

    The Center for Atmospheric Sciences at the Scripps Institution of Oceanography conducted a ground-based experiment to study fog/marine-stratus clouds over the San Diego region during the summer months of 2002. The purpose of the experiment is to understand aerosol/cloud interactions and how they might influence cloud radiative properties and precipitation. We operated several instruments on Mt. Soledad to study aerosol and cloud properties. These instruments include a forward scattering spectrometer probe (FSSP-100) and an aerosol particle sizer (APS) to measure the cloud droplet spectra during fog events, condensation particle counters to determine total aerosol concentrations, cloud condensation nuclei counters to understand aerosol/cloud droplet interactions, a scanning mobility particle sizer (SMPS) to determine dry aerosol number size distributions, and a weather station to relate fog events to local meteorology. Aerosol concentrations showed a diel variation with high and variable particle concentrations during the day, which often were greater than 104 cm-3. Nighttime concentrations were lower (i.e., several thousand cm-3) and exhibited less variation than daytime values. In general, aerosol concentrations do not appear to be correlated to droplet concentrations indicating that local anthropogenic sources may not have a large influence on the coastal fog. Two types of events (haze and fog) have been characterized during this study based on the droplet distribution. A haze event was dominated by droplets less than 5 μm diameter and sometimes exceeded droplet concentrations of 1000 cm-3. There were virtually no particles larger than 5 micron diameter during these events. A fog event was characterized by larger droplets with droplets greater than 5 μm diameter accounting for a bulk of the number concentration. The average effective radius during these fog events was about 5 μm and the droplet concentration rarely exceeded 100 cm-3. On several occasions, a

  11. Expendable launch vehicle studies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bainum, Peter M.; Reiss, Robert

    1995-01-01

    Analytical support studies of expendable launch vehicles concentrate on the stability of the dynamics during launch especially during or near the region of maximum dynamic pressure. The in-plane dynamic equations of a generic launch vehicle with multiple flexible bending and fuel sloshing modes are developed and linearized. The information from LeRC about the grids, masses, and modes is incorporated into the model. The eigenvalues of the plant are analyzed for several modeling factors: utilizing diagonal mass matrix, uniform beam assumption, inclusion of aerodynamics, and the interaction between the aerodynamics and the flexible bending motion. Preliminary PID, LQR, and LQG control designs with sensor and actuator dynamics for this system and simulations are also conducted. The initial analysis for comparison of PD (proportional-derivative) and full state feedback LQR Linear quadratic regulator) shows that the split weighted LQR controller has better performance than that of the PD. In order to meet both the performance and robustness requirements, the H(sub infinity) robust controller for the expendable launch vehicle is developed. The simulation indicates that both the performance and robustness of the H(sub infinity) controller are better than that for the PID and LQG controllers. The modelling and analysis support studies team has continued development of methodology, using eigensensitivity analysis, to solve three classes of discrete eigenvalue equations. In the first class, the matrix elements are non-linear functions of the eigenvector. All non-linear periodic motion can be cast in this form. Here the eigenvector is comprised of the coefficients of complete basis functions spanning the response space and the eigenvalue is the frequency. The second class of eigenvalue problems studied is the quadratic eigenvalue problem. Solutions for linear viscously damped structures or viscoelastic structures can be reduced to this form. Particular attention is paid to

  12. Cask fleet operations study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1988-01-01

    The Nuclear Waste Policy Act of 1982 assigned to the Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Civilian Waste Management the responsibility for disposing of high-level waste and spent fuel. A significant part of that responsibility involves transporting nuclear waste materials within the federal waste management system; that is, from the waste generator to the repository. The lead responsibility for transportation operations has been assigned to Oak Ridge Operations, with Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) providing technical support through the Transportation Operations Support Task Group. One of the ORNL support activities involves assessing what facilities, equipment and services are required to assure that an acceptable, cost-effective and safe transportation operations system can be designed, operated and maintained. This study reviews, surveys and assesses the experience of Nuclear Assurance Corporation (NAC) in operating a fleet of spent-fuel shipping casks to aid in developing the spent-fuel transportation system.

  13. Web Plagiarism: Empirical Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexander E. Voiskounsky

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available A questionnaire measuring web plagiarism (or academic cheating, worked out by Underwood and Szabo (2003 has been adapted and applied to the population of undergraduate science students in Russia. The students at four technical universities are questioned (N=292. The study shows the students perform webplagiarizing, i.e. take materials from the Internet and hand these materials in as their own assignments. Russian students are reportedly competent in the use of the Internet; they report to have rather few moral barriers towards plagiarizing; they believe most of their mates do the same; they are not sure their tutors are able and willing to recognize cheating; finally, they are competent enough in English and are hypothetically able to plagiarize in two languages.

  14. Organization within Organization Studies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lopdrup-Hjorth, Thomas

    This paper explores how prevalent contemporary problematizations of organizations coincide with a widespread assessment that Organization Studies (OS) has run out of steam. This impasse, the paper argues, is largely due to the emergence of an organization-phobia that has come to seize several...... strands of theorizing. By attending to the wide-ranging and far-reaching history of this organization-phobia, the paper argues that OS has become increasingly incapable of speaking about its core object. I show how organizations went from being conceptualized as entities of major importance to becoming...... associated with all kinds of ills. Through this history, organizations as distinct entities have been rendered so problematic that they have gradually come to be removed from the center of OS. The costs of this have been rather significant. Besides undermining the grounds that gave OS intellectual...

  15. Study of Meteoritic Inclusion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olsen, Mia Bjørg Stolberg

    There is no question more fundamental than understanding our origins, in other words, understanding our place in the cosmos. This question is particularly timely, as results in the field of exoplanet research have established with confidence that about half of the stars in the galaxy are orbited...... as astronomical observation of starforming regions and exoplanets provide a framework for understanding star-formation processes and the evolution of planetary systems, but offer no direct insight into the earliest solar system. This necessary and complementary information can be obtained through the study...... of meteorite samples that date back to the birth of the solar system. In this thesis, we have taken advantage of novel methods for the high-precision analysis of various radiogenic and stable isotope systems by plasma source and thermal ionization mass spectrometry (ICPMS and TIMS) as well as by secondary...

  16. Geology orbiter comparison study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cutts, J. A. J.; Blasius, K. R.; Davis, D. R.; Pang, K. D.; Shreve, D. C.

    1977-01-01

    Instrument requirements of planetary geology orbiters were examined with the objective of determining the feasibility of applying standard instrument designs to a host of terrestrial targets. Within the basic discipline area of geochemistry, gamma-ray, X-ray fluorescence, and atomic spectroscopy remote sensing techniques were considered. Within the discipline area of geophysics, the complementary techniques of gravimetry and radar were studied. Experiments using these techniques were analyzed for comparison at the Moon, Mercury, Mars and the Galilean satellites. On the basis of these comparative assessments, the adaptability of each sensing technique was judged as a basic technique for many targets, as a single instrument applied to many targets, as a single instrument used in different mission modes, and as an instrument capability for nongeoscience objectives.

  17. Chinese Studies and Beyond

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brødsgaard, Kjeld Erik

    2013-01-01

    Many different conceptual approaches and models have been used to analyze contemporary Chinese history and politics. Some of the more commonly used include "totalitarianism", "two-line struggle", "clientelism", "tendency analysis", "political culture", "interest group politics", "bureaucratic...... politics", "corporatism", "civil society", "fragmented authoritarianism", etc. (Brødsgaard, 1989; Guo 2013). This paper will survey these approaches in order to place the analysis of the contemporary Chinese politics and history in a comparative perspective. A survey of the field will remind us...... that contemporary China studies have increasingly developed into a collective effort and that no scholar conducts his/her research in a vacuum devoid of dept to other contributions in the field. The paper will focus on the period since the Cultural Revolution. Consequently, we will not attempt a discussion...

  18. Studying the Moon

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    The moon,sister sphere to the Earth, has long held the attention of mankind as a source of mystery,inspiration and wonder.Its sway has been chronicled in myth,literature and song.In the final week of October,China embarked on its first attempt to better scientifically understand the moon and its relationship to the Earth by launching the lunar orbiter Chang’e-1.Though named after a deity that Chinese fairy tales say lived in the moon,this new venture to study our closest celestial neighbor is based largely on the reality of technology and scientific advancement.As the most recent phase in China’s decades old aerospace program,the launch showcases both the country’s place on the world stage and its technological and scientific advancements-not only for the benefit of its own people,but for all of mankind.

  19. Polymer Infiltration Studies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Marchello, J.M.

    1993-06-01

    Significant progress has been made on the preparation of carbon fiber composites using advanced polymer resins during the past three months. Current and ongoing research activities reported herein include: (1) Prepregger Hot Sled Operation; (2) Ribbonizing Powder-Impregnated Towpreg; (3) Textile Composites from Powder-Coated Towpreg: Role of Bulk Factor; and (4) Powder Curtain Prepreg Process. During the coming months research will be directed toward further development of the new powder curtain prepregging method and on ways to customize dry powder towpreg for textile and robotic applications in aircraft part fabrication. Studies of multi-tow powder prepregging and ribbon preparation will be conducted in conjunction with continued development of prepegging technology and the various aspects of composite part fabrication using customized towpreg. Also, work will continue on the analysis of the new solution prepegger.

  20. Psychopharmacological Studies in Mice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matsuda, Toshio

    2016-01-01

    Since 1998, when the laboratory of Medicinal Pharmacology was established in the Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Osaka University, I have been interested in psychopharmacological research topics. During this period, we identified a number of novel regulatory mechanisms that control the prefrontal dopamine system through functional interaction between serotonin1A and dopamine D2 receptors or between serotonin1A and σ1 receptors. Our findings suggest that strategies that enhance the prefrontal dopamine system may have therapeutic potential in the treatment of psychiatric disorders. We also found that environmental factors during development strongly impact the psychological state in adulthood. Furthermore, we clarified the pharmacological profiles of the acetylcholinesterase inhibitors donepezil, galantamine, and rivastigmine, providing novel insights into their mechanisms of action. Finally, we developed the female encounter test, a novel method for evaluating motivation in mice. This simple method should help advance future psychopharmacological research. In this review, we summarize the major findings obtained from our recent studies in mice.

  1. Boundary layer transition studies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watmuff, Jonathan H.

    1995-02-01

    A small-scale wind tunnel previously used for turbulent boundary layer experiments was modified for two sets of boundary layer transition studies. The first study concerns a laminar separation/turbulent reattachment. The pressure gradient and unit Reynolds number are the same as the fully turbulent flow of Spalart and Watmuff. Without the trip wire, a laminar layer asymptotes to a Falkner & Skan similarity solution in the FPG. Application of the APG causes the layer to separate and a highly turbulent and approximately 2D mean flow reattachment occurs downstream. In an effort to gain some physical insight into the flow processes a small impulsive disturbance was introduced at the C(sub p) minimum. The facility is totally automated and phase-averaged data are measured on a point-by-point basis using unprecedently large grids. The evolution of the disturbance has been tracked all the way into the reattachment region and beyond into the fully turbulent boundary layer. At first, the amplitude decays exponentially with streamwise distance in the APG region, where the layer remains attached, i.e. the layer is viscously stable. After separation, the rate of decay slows, and a point of minimum amplitude is reached where the contours of the wave packet exhibit dispersive characteristics. From this point, exponential growth of the amplitude of the disturbance is observed in the detached shear layer, i.e. the dominant instability mechanism is inviscid. A group of large-scale 3D vortex loops emerges in the vicinity of the reattachment. Remarkably, the second loop retains its identify far downstream in the turbulent boundary layer. The results provide a level of detail usually associated with CFD. Substantial modifications were made to the facility for the second study concerning disturbances generated by Suction Holes for laminar flow Control (LFC). The test section incorporates suction through interchangeable porous test surfaces. Detailed studies have been made using isolated

  2. Binary Popldation Synthcsis Study

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HAN Zhanwen

    2011-01-01

    Binary population synthesis (BPS), an approach to evolving millions of stars (including binaries) simultaneously, plays a crucial role in our understanding of stellar physics, the structure and evolution of galaxies, and cosmology. We proposed and developed a BPS approach, and used it to investigate the formation of many peculiar stars such as hot subdwarf stars, progenitors of type la supernovae, barium stars, CH stars, planetary nebulae, double white dwarfs, blue stragglers, contact binaries, etc. We also established an evolution population synthesis (EPS) model, the Yunnan Model, which takes into account binary interactions for the first time. We applied our model for the origin of hot subdwarf stars in the study of elliptical galaxies and explained their far-UV radiation.

  3. BWID System Design Study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    O' Brien, M.C.; Rudin, M.J.; Morrison, J.L.; Richardson, J.G.

    1991-01-01

    The mission of the Buried Waste Integrated Demonstration (BWID) System Design Study is to identify and evaluate technology process options for the cradle-to-grave remediation of Transuranic (TRU)-Contaminated Waste Pits and Trenches buried at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL). Emphasis is placed upon evaluating system configuration options and associated functional and operational requirements for retrieving and treating the buried wastes. A Performance-Based Technology Selection Filter was developed to evaluate the identified remediation systems and their enabling technologies based upon system requirements and quantification of technical Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability (CERCLA) balancing criteria. Remediation systems will also be evaluated with respect to regulatory and institutional acceptance and cost-effectiveness.

  4. BWID System Design Study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    O`Brien, M.C.; Rudin, M.J.; Morrison, J.L.; Richardson, J.G.

    1991-12-31

    The mission of the Buried Waste Integrated Demonstration (BWID) System Design Study is to identify and evaluate technology process options for the cradle-to-grave remediation of Transuranic (TRU)-Contaminated Waste Pits and Trenches buried at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL). Emphasis is placed upon evaluating system configuration options and associated functional and operational requirements for retrieving and treating the buried wastes. A Performance-Based Technology Selection Filter was developed to evaluate the identified remediation systems and their enabling technologies based upon system requirements and quantification of technical Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability (CERCLA) balancing criteria. Remediation systems will also be evaluated with respect to regulatory and institutional acceptance and cost-effectiveness.

  5. Studying health in Greenland

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjerregaard, Peter; Mulvad, Gert; Olsen, Jørn

    2003-01-01

    Health research in Greenland has contributed with several findings of interest for the global scientific community and has documented health problems and risk factors of importance for planning the local health care system. The study of how health develops in small, scattered communities during...... to that of the industrialized world, while still including local outbreaks of tuberculosis. Health research in Greenland is logistically difficult and costly, but offers opportunities not found elsewhere in the world. A long tradition of registration enhances the possibilities for research. A number of research institutions...... in Denmark and Greenland have conducted health research in Greenland for many years in cooperation with, among others, researchers in Canada and Alaska. National and international cooperation is supported by the Danish/Greenlandic Society for Circumpolar Health, the International Union for Circumpolar Health...

  6. ADVANCED CUTTINGS TRANSPORT STUDY

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stefan Miska; Troy Reed; Ergun Kuru

    2004-09-30

    The Advanced Cuttings Transport Study (ACTS) was a 5-year JIP project undertaken at the University of Tulsa (TU). The project was sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and JIP member companies. The objectives of the project were: (1) to develop and construct a new research facility that would allow three-phase (gas, liquid and cuttings) flow experiments under ambient and EPET (elevated pressure and temperature) conditions, and at different angle of inclinations and drill pipe rotation speeds; (2) to conduct experiments and develop a data base for the industry and academia; and (3) to develop mechanistic models for optimization of drilling hydraulics and cuttings transport. This project consisted of research studies, flow loop construction and instrumentation development. Following a one-year period for basic flow loop construction, a proposal was submitted by TU to the DOE for a five-year project that was organized in such a manner as to provide a logical progression of research experiments as well as additions to the basic flow loop. The flow loop additions and improvements included: (1) elevated temperature capability; (2) two-phase (gas and liquid, foam etc.) capability; (3) cuttings injection and removal system; (4) drill pipe rotation system; and (5) drilling section elevation system. In parallel with the flow loop construction, hydraulics and cuttings transport studies were preformed using drilling foams and aerated muds. In addition, hydraulics and rheology of synthetic drilling fluids were investigated. The studies were performed under ambient and EPET conditions. The effects of temperature and pressure on the hydraulics and cuttings transport were investigated. Mechanistic models were developed to predict frictional pressure loss and cuttings transport in horizontal and near-horizontal configurations. Model predictions were compared with the measured data. Predominantly, model predictions show satisfactory agreements with the measured data. As a

  7. Advanced drilling systems study.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pierce, Kenneth G.; Livesay, Billy Joe; Finger, John Travis (Livesay Consultants, Encintas, CA)

    1996-05-01

    This report documents the results of a study of advanced drilling concepts conducted jointly for the Natural Gas Technology Branch and the Geothermal Division of the U.S. Department of Energy. A number of alternative rock cutting concepts and drilling systems are examined. The systems cover the range from current technology, through ongoing efforts in drilling research, to highly speculative concepts. Cutting mechanisms that induce stress mechanically, hydraulically, and thermally are included. All functions necessary to drill and case a well are considered. Capital and operating costs are estimated and performance requirements, based on comparisons of the costs for alternative systems to conventional drilling technology, are developed. A number of problems common to several alternatives and to current technology are identified and discussed.

  8. Study on Probiotic Icecream

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristina Cota

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Use of probiotics in human diet benefits the consumers by regulating intestinal transit and immune system. Using various foods as a vehicle for probiotics has become increasingly popular practice. Based on these considerations, we wanted to study the possibility of obtaining icecream which contains viable microorganism cells with probiotic role. I chose ice cream because it is a product with a high nutrient content both for microorganisms and consumers. The main objective of this paper is to study the ability of different strains of probiotics to remain viable in the matured icecream compared to icecream stored at -5°C. Five samples of icecream were prepared, all after the same recipe. Molasses was used as a sweetener. The difference between the five types of ice cream consisted of the milk used, which was inoculated with different strains: Lactobacillus plantarum, Bifidobacterium infantis 4BN, Lactobacillus casei 4BN, Bifidobacterium breve 4BN and a mix prepared from the strains mentioned above. We determined the fat content of the icecream, using the butirometric method and its acidity by titration with NaOH. The results obtained were compared with the acidity and the fat content (determined using the Röse-Gottlieb extraction method of the homemade icecream. Viable cell counting was performed by Trypane-Blue method and then the Fourier-IR spectra of the samples were evaluated. The cells of Lactobacillus plantarum strain and the bacterial cells in the mix proliferated the best, both in matured icecream and in icecream stored at -5°C. Most of the cells belonging to other strains of bacteria remained viable, but not all. Given these results, we can consider the molasses sweetened icecream as a suitable food product to carry certain types of probiotics.

  9. Nuclear spectroscopic studies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bingham, C.R.; Guidry, M.W.; Riedinger, L.L.; Sorensen, S.P.

    1993-02-08

    The Nuclear Physics group at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville is involved in several aspects of heavy-ion physics including both nuclear structure and reaction mechanisms. While our main emphasis is on experimental problems involving heavy-ion accelerators, we have maintained a strong collaboration with several theorists in order to best pursue the physics of our measurements. During the last year we have led several experiments at the Holifield Heavy Ion Research Facility and participated in others at Argonne National Laboratory. Also, we continue to be very active in the collaboration to study ultra-relativistic heavy ion physics utilizing the SPS accelerator at CERN in Geneva, Switzerland and in a RHIC detector R D project. Our experimental work is in four broad areas: (1) the structure of nuclei at high angular momentum, (2) heavy-ion induced transfer reactions, (3) the structure of nuclei far from stability, and (4) ultra-relativistic heavy-ion physics. The results of studies in these particular areas will be described in this document in sections IIA, IIB, IIC, and IID, respectively. Areas (1), (3), and (4) concentrate on the structure of nuclear matter in extreme conditions of rotational motion, imbalance of neutrons and protons, or very high temperature and density. Area (2) pursues the transfer of nucleons to states with high angular momentum, both to learn about their structure and to understand the transfer of particles, energy, and angular momentum in collisions between heavy ions. An important component of our program is the strong emphasis on the theoretical aspects of nuclear structure and reactions.

  10. Studies of welded joints

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. M. Krupa

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Studies of a welded joint were described. The joint was made as a result of the reconstruction of a truss and one of the possible means to make a repair. The studies were of a simulation character and were targeted at the detection of welding defects and imperfections thatshould be eliminated in a real structure. A model was designed and on this model the tests and examinations were carried out. The modelwas made under the same conditions as the conditions adopted for repair. It corresponded to the real object in shape and dimensions, and in the proposed technique of welding and welding parameters. The model was composed of five plates joined together with twelve beads.The destructive and non-destructive tests were carried out; the whole structure and the respective welds were also examined visually. Thedefects and imperfections in welds were detected by surface methods of inspection, penetration tests and magnetic particle flaw detection.The model of the welded joint was prepared by destructive methods, a technique that would never be permitted in the case of a realstructure. For the investigations it was necessary to cut out the specimens from the welded joint in direction transverse to the weld run. The specimens were subjected to metallographic examinations and hardness measurements. Additionally, the joint cross-section was examined by destructive testing methods to enable precise determination of the internal defects and imperfections. The surface methods were applied again, this time to determine the severity of welding defects. The analysis has proved that, fabricated under proper conditions and with parameters of the welding process duly observed, the welded joint has good properties and repairs of this type are possible in practice.

  11. Paraffin Oxidation Studies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mrs. S. J. Purohit

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available The oxidation of paraffin has been studied with keen interest by several workers from all over the world; as oxidation leads to the introduction of various functional groups in hydrocarbon chains. Processes involving the Oxidation of Paraffin’s in the liquid phase, using air or oxygen are of great importance to industrialized economies because of their role in converting petroleum hydrocarbon feed stocks such as alkanes, olefins and aromatics into industrial organic chemicals important in the polymer, petrochemicals ,cosmetics and detergent industries. The oxidation leads predominantly to the formation of secondary alcohols consisting of a mixture of all possible isomers with the same number of carbon atoms in the molecules as the initial hydrocarbons. The secondary alcohols which are oxidation products of paraffin exhibit excellent hydrolytic, oxidative and color stability, because of the nature of their branching. These alcohols have lower melting points than straight chain alcohols of corresponding length, while retaining their high temperature stability. The oxidation of paraffin wax to fatty acids is carried out in temperature range 110 0C- 140 0C. Paraffin oxidation which is carried out by ALFOL, Oxo-processes, are high temperature, high pressure processes which utilize expensive catalysts, making them energy intensive as well as expensive. The maximum conversion achieved yet by existing processes is 15�0for a batch time of 4 hours. A cheaper alternative in this article has been studied, in which paraffin Oxidation has been carried out in a foam reactor at moderate temperature and pressure with suitable catalyst , the output of the products is increased up to 62%.

  12. Microbial Field Pilot Study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Knapp, R.M.; McInerney, M.J.; Menzie, D.E.; Chisholm, J.L.

    1990-11-01

    This report covers progress made during the first year of the Microbial Field Pilot Study project. Information on reservoir ecology and characterization, facility and treatment design, core experiments, bacterial mobility, and mathematical modeling are addressed. To facilitate an understanding of the ecology of the target reservoir analyses of the fluids which support bacteriological growth and the microbiology of the reservoir were performed. A preliminary design of facilities for the operation of the field pilot test was prepared. In addition, procedures for facilities installation and for injection treatments are described. The Southeast Vassar Vertz Sand Unit (SEVVSU), the site of the proposed field pilot study, is described physically, historically, and geologically. The fields current status is presented and the ongoing reservoir simulation is discussed. Core flood experiments conducted during the last year were used to help define possible mechanisms involved in microbial enhanced oil recovery. Two possible mechanisms, relative permeability effects and changes in the capillary number, are discussed and related to four Berea core experiments' results. The experiments were conducted at reservoir temperature using SEVVSU oil, brine, and bacteria. The movement and activity of bacteria in porous media were investigated by monitoring the growth of bacteria in sandpack cores under no flow conditions. The rate of bacteria advancement through the cores was determined. A mathematical model of the MEOR process has been developed. The model is a three phase, seven species, one dimensional model. Finite difference methods are used for solution. Advection terms in balance equations are represented with a third- order upwind differencing scheme to reduce numerical dispersion and oscillations. The model is applied to a batch fermentation example. 52 refs., 26 figs., 21 tabs.

  13. Hydrogen energy systems studies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ogden, J.M.; Steinbugler, M.; Dennis, E. [Princeton Univ., NJ (United States)] [and others

    1995-09-01

    For several years, researchers at Princeton University`s Center for Energy and Environmental Studies have carried out technical and economic assessments of hydrogen energy systems. Initially, we focussed on the long term potential of renewable hydrogen. More recently we have explored how a transition to renewable hydrogen might begin. The goal of our current work is to identify promising strategies leading from near term hydrogen markets and technologies toward eventual large scale use of renewable hydrogen as an energy carrier. Our approach has been to assess the entire hydrogen energy system from production through end-use considering technical performance, economics, infrastructure and environmental issues. This work is part of the systems analysis activity of the DOE Hydrogen Program. In this paper we first summarize the results of three tasks which were completed during the past year under NREL Contract No. XR-11265-2: in Task 1, we carried out assessments of near term options for supplying hydrogen transportation fuel from natural gas; in Task 2, we assessed the feasibility of using the existing natural gas system with hydrogen and hydrogen blends; and in Task 3, we carried out a study of PEM fuel cells for residential cogeneration applications, a market which might have less stringent cost requirements than transportation. We then give preliminary results for two other tasks which are ongoing under DOE Contract No. DE-FG04-94AL85803: In Task 1 we are assessing the technical options for low cost small scale production of hydrogen from natural gas, considering (a) steam reforming, (b) partial oxidation and (c) autothermal reforming, and in Task 2 we are assessing potential markets for hydrogen in Southern California.

  14. Thermionic Reactor Design Studies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schock, Alfred

    1994-06-01

    During the 1960's and early 70's the author performed extensive design studies, analyses, and tests aimed at thermionic reactor concepts that differed significantly from those pursued by other investigators. Those studies, like most others under Atomic Energy Commission (AEC and DOE) and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) sponsorship, were terminated in the early 1970's. Some of this work was previously published, but much of it was never made available in the open literature. U.S. interest in thermionic reactors resumed in the early 80's, and was greatly intensified by reports about Soviet ground and flight tests in the late 80's. This recent interest resulted in renewed U.S. thermionic reactor development programs, primarily under Department of Defense (DOD) and Department of Energy (DOE) sponsorship. Since most current investigators have not had an opportunity to study all of the author's previous work, a review of the highlights of that work may be of value to them. The present paper describes some of the author's conceptual designs and their rationale, and the special analytical techniques developed to analyze their performance. The basic designs, first published in 1963, are based on single-cell converters, either double-ended diodes extending over the full height of the reactor core or single-ended diodes extending over half the core height. In that respect they are similar to the thermionic fuel elements employed in the Topaz-2 reactor subsequently developed in the Soviet Union, copies of which were recently imported by the U.S. As in the Topaz-2 case, electrically heated steady-state performance tests of the converters are possible before fueling. Where the author's concepts differed from the later Topaz-2 design was in the relative location of the emitter and the collector. Placing the fueled emitter on the outside of the cylindrical diodes permits much higher axial conductances to reduce ohmic

  15. Snow Radiance Assimilation Studies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, E. J.; Durand, M. T.; Toure, A.; Margulis, S. A.; Goita, K.; Royer, A.; Lu, H.

    2009-12-01

    Passive microwave-based retrievals of terrestrial snow parameters from satellite observations form a 30-year global record which will continue for the forseeable future. So far, these snow retrievals have been generated primarily by regression-based empirical “inversion” methods based on snapshots in time, and are limited to footprints around 25 km in diameter. Assimilation of microwave radiances into physical land surface models may be used to create a retrieval framework that is inherently self-consistent with respect to model physics as well as a more physically-based approach vs. legacy retrieval/inversion methods. This radiance assimilation approach has been used for years for atmospheric parameters by the operational weather forecasting community with great success, and represents one motivation for our work. A radiance assimilation scheme for snow requires a snowpack land surface model (LSM) coupled to a radiative transfer model (RTM). In previous local-scale studies, Durand, Kim, & Margulis (2008) explored the requirements on LSM model fidelity (i.e., snowpack state information) required in order for the RTM to produce brightness temperatures suitable for radiance assimilation purposes at a local scale, using the well-known Microwave Emission Model for Layered Snowpacks (MEMLS) as the RTM and a combination of Simple SIB (SSiB) and Snow Atmosphere (SAST) as the LSM. They also demonstrated improvement of simulated snow depth through the use of an ensemble Kalman filter scheme at this local scale (2009). This modeling framework reflects another motivation—namely, possibilities for downscaling. Our focus at this stage has been at the local scale where high-quality ground truth data is available in order to evaluate radiance assimilation under a “best case scenario.” The quantitative results then form a benchmark for future assessment of effects such as sparse forcing data, upscaling/downscaling, forest attenuation, and model details. Field data from

  16. Genre theory in information studies

    CERN Document Server

    Andersen, Jack

    2015-01-01

    This book highlights the important role genre theory plays within information studies. It illustrates how modern genre studies inform and enrich the study of information, and conversely how the study of information makes its own independent contributions to the study of genre.

  17. How to Study a Matrix

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jairam, Dharmananda; Kiewra, Kenneth A.; Kauffman, Douglas F.; Zhao, Ruomeng

    2012-01-01

    This study investigated how best to study a matrix. Fifty-three participants studied a matrix topically (1 column at a time), categorically (1 row at a time), or in a unified way (all at once). Results revealed that categorical and unified study produced higher: (a) performance on relationship and fact tests, (b) study material satisfaction, and…

  18. Hungary country study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Uerge-Vorsatz, D.; Fuele, M. [eds.

    1999-09-01

    Hungary recognises the importance of limiting greenhouse gas emissions in order to prevent or mitigate their impact on the global climate. On an international level, Hungary is not a significant carbon dioxide emitter, neither to the absolute degree nor on a per capita basis. This means that the principal reason for Hungarian participation in emission`s reduction is not perceivable international consequences but solidarity and participation in the common action of the countries of the world. Hungary is a signatory to both the Framework Convention on Climate Change and the Kyoto protocol. However, the (Hungarian) National Environmental Program also emphasises that the fulfilment of international conventions must happen at a level and pace reasonable for Hungary. The goal of this study is to investigate the potentials, costs and implementation strategies of greenhouse gas abatement in Hungary. First presented is a background of Hungary`s economy and a summary of the economic transitions in Hungary. A brief description of the Hungarian energy sector is included, with a short summary of carbon dioxide emissions, and of the Hungarian forestry sector. The following chapter is devoted to the development of baseline scenarios, from bottom-up and top-down perspectives. In the chapter on mitigation, the spectrum of energy efficiency measures in the residential and public sectors is discussed. Fifteen specific measures, whose impact is considered important, are selected and discussed in detail. The cost curves are developed for the discussed mitigation options. Then, we discuss the issues related to the implementation of energy efficiency measures in the Hungarian residential and commercial sectors. After a general background and a framework on the implementation of the energy efficiency measures in the sectors chosen, we elaborate on the practicality of these concepts. As a case study, the concept and the feasibility of carbon/energy taxes are examined. To complete the

  19. STUDIES ON FLUTTER PREDICTION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irina-Carmen ANDREI

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to study the instability of the dynamic flutter. The justification is expressed by the fact that the occurrence of flutter within the aircraft’s flight envelope results in irreversible structural deformation which consequently leads to serious damage. Therefore the mathematical modeling of this phenomenon and its validation are very important. The instability of the dynamic flutter is characterized by critical speed and critical pulsation of oscillatory movements. In this paper, the quasi-stationary model and the Theodorsen model have been analyzed for calculating the aerodynamic forces and torques, and a comparison of them has been carried out. The fluid-structure coupling is done by rewriting the equations, considering that the forces are given by closed formulas. For the mathematical modeling of the flutter there have been used the p-k and V-g methods based on the Theodorsen model and the quasi-stationary model. In order to modeling the free vortices aerodynamic forces and moments, the equations which describe both the motion of the structure and the fluid flow had to be integrated simultaneously in time. The fluid-structure coupling is considered as a combination of two systems that describe the aeroelastic behavior of the structure.

  20. Electron microscope studies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Crewe, A.V.; Kapp, O.H.

    1990-08-01

    Our laboratory has made significant progress this year in devising improved electron-optical systems, in studying invertebrate hemoglobins with the STEM, and in achieving a workable sub-angstrom STEM. Our goal in electron optics is to improve resolution by producing spherical and chromatic aberration coefficients with signs opposite those of magnetic lenses. We have progressed toward this goal through calculations that explore the addition of electrodes to electron mirrors to reduce these two geometric aberrations and by devising a beam separation system that won't introduce asymmetrical aberrations. Some promising new designs of magnetic lenses for SEM applications have also been investigated. We have continued our exploration of the quaternary structure of the invertebrate hemoglobins and are now among the top laboratories in this area of expertise. In addition, we have overcome many of our electronic difficulties on the sub-angstrom STEM and have made significant progress toward achieving an operational system. The addition of an IBM RISC-6000 workstation to our lab has significantly increased our image processing capabilities.

  1. Case Study - Alpha

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stephen Leybourne

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available This case study was developed from an actual scenario by Dr. Steve Leybourne of Boston University.  The case documents the historical evolution of an organization, and has been used successfully in courses dealing with organizational and cultural change, and the utilization of ‘soft skills’ in project-based management. This is a short case, ideal for classroom use and discussion.  The issues are easily accessible to students, and there is a single wide ranging question that allows for the inclusion of many issues surrounding strategic decision-making, and behavioural and cultural change. Alpha was one of the earlier companies in the USA to invest in large, edge-of-town superstores, with plentiful free vehicle parking, selling food and related household products. Alpha was created in the 1950s as a subsidiary of a major publicly quoted retail group.  It started business by opening a string of very large discount stores in converted industrial and warehouse premises in the south of the United States. In the early days shoppers were offered a limited range of very competitively priced products. When Alpha went public in 1981 it was the fourth largest food retailer in the US, selling an ever-widening range of food and non-food products.  Its success continued to be based on high volume, low margins and good value for money, under the slogan of ‘Alpha Price.’

  2. control study from India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amitesh Aggarwal

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: The role of the conventional risk factors in premature coronary artery disease (CAD after eliminating the confounding variability of smoking has not been evaluated. This study was conducted to identify role of traditional risk factors in smokers with premature CAD.Methods: The case records of patients presenting acutely with premature CAD during the period 2007-2010 were analyzed retrospectively. Age, sex and smoking matched controls were selected from same time period. Data records were obtained for family history, alcohol, waist size, blood pressure, hypertension, blood sugar, lipid profile and presence of cutaneous markers for both groups and analyzed using statistical software.Results: 234 smokers with CAD and 122 smokers without CAD were included in groups 1 and 2, respectively. The patients in group 1 had significantly increased prevalence of hypertension, diabetes mellitus, metabolic syndrome, dyslipidemia and central obesity. There was no difference in prevalence of family history of CAD, arcus juvenilis and baldness. We found statistically significant association of hypertension, DM and metabolic syndrome in young smokers with premature acute CAD in Indian population as compared to young smokers without CAD.Conclusion: In young smokers, presence of hypertension, central obesity, diabetes mellitus and metabolic syndrome identifies a subset at increased risk for future acute CAD requiring more rigorous follow up and treatment.

  3. Maui energy storage study.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ellison, James; Bhatnagar, Dhruv; Karlson, Benjamin

    2012-12-01

    This report investigates strategies to mitigate anticipated wind energy curtailment on Maui, with a focus on grid-level energy storage technology. The study team developed an hourly production cost model of the Maui Electric Company (MECO) system, with an expected 72 MW of wind generation and 15 MW of distributed photovoltaic (PV) generation in 2015, and used this model to investigate strategies that mitigate wind energy curtailment. It was found that storage projects can reduce both wind curtailment and the annual cost of producing power, and can do so in a cost-effective manner. Most of the savings achieved in these scenarios are not from replacing constant-cost diesel-fired generation with wind generation. Instead, the savings are achieved by the more efficient operation of the conventional units of the system. Using additional storage for spinning reserve enables the system to decrease the amount of spinning reserve provided by single-cycle units. This decreases the amount of generation from these units, which are often operated at their least efficient point (at minimum load). At the same time, the amount of spinning reserve from the efficient combined-cycle units also decreases, allowing these units to operate at higher, more efficient levels.

  4. ADVANCED CUTTINGS TRANSPORT STUDY

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Troy Reed; Stefan Miska; Nicholas Takach; Kaveh Ashenayi; Mark Pickell; Len Volk, Mike Volk; Lei Zhou; Zhu Chen; Crystal Redden; Aimee Washington

    2002-10-30

    This is the first quarterly progress report for Year-4 of the ACTS Project. It includes a review of progress made in: (1) Flow Loop construction and development and (2) research tasks during the period of time between July 1, 2002 and Sept. 30, 2002. This report presents a review of progress on the following specific tasks: (a) Design and development of an Advanced Cuttings Transport Facility Task 3: Addition of a Cuttings Injection/Separation System, Task 4: Addition of a Pipe Rotation System, (b) New Research project (Task 9b): ''Development of a Foam Generator/Viscometer for Elevated Pressure and Elevated Temperature (EPET) Conditions'', (d) Research project (Task 10): ''Study of Cuttings Transport with Aerated Mud Under Elevated Pressure and Temperature Conditions'', (e) Research on three instrumentation tasks to measure: Cuttings concentration and distribution in a flowing slurry (Task 11), Foam texture while transporting cuttings (Task 12), Viscosity of Foam under EPET (Task 9b). (f) Development of a Safety program for the ACTS Flow Loop. Progress on a comprehensive safety review of all flow-loop components and operational procedures. (Task 1S). (g) Activities towards technology transfer and developing contacts with Petroleum and service company members, and increasing the number of JIP members.

  5. Heliostat cost reduction study.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jones, Scott A.; Lumia, Ronald. (University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM); Davenport, Roger (Science Applications International Corporation, San Diego, CA); Thomas, Robert C. (Advanced Thermal Systems, Centennial, CO); Gorman, David (Advanced Thermal Systems, Larkspur, CO); Kolb, Gregory J.; Donnelly, Matthew W.

    2007-06-01

    Power towers are capable of producing solar-generated electricity and hydrogen on a large scale. Heliostats are the most important cost element of a solar power tower plant. Since they constitute {approx} 50% of the capital cost of the plant it is important to reduce heliostat cost as much as possible to improve the economic performance of power towers. In this study we evaluate current heliostat technology and estimate a price of $126/m{sup 2} given year-2006 materials and labor costs for a deployment of {approx}600 MW of power towers per year. This 2006 price yields electricity at $0.067/kWh and hydrogen at $3.20/kg. We propose research and development that should ultimately lead to a price as low as $90/m{sup 2}, which equates to $0.056/kWh and $2.75/kg H{sup 2}. Approximately 30 heliostat and manufacturing experts from the United States, Europe, and Australia contributed to the content of this report during two separate workshops conducted at the National Solar Thermal Test Facility.

  6. Power Plant Replacement Study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Reed, Gary

    2010-09-30

    This report represents the final report for the Eastern Illinois University power plant replacement study. It contains all related documentation from consideration of possible solutions to the final recommended option. Included are the economic justifications associated with the chosen solution along with application for environmental permitting for the selected project for construction. This final report will summarize the results of execution of an EPC (energy performance contract) investment grade audit (IGA) which lead to an energy services agreement (ESA). The project includes scope of work to design and install energy conservation measures which are guaranteed by the contractor to be self‐funding over its twenty year contract duration. The cost recovery is derived from systems performance improvements leading to energy savings. The prime focus of this EPC effort is to provide a replacement solution for Eastern Illinois University’s aging and failing circa 1925 central steam production plant. Twenty‐three ECMs were considered viable whose net impact will provide sufficient savings to successfully support the overall project objectives.

  7. Bioequivalence studies for levothyroxine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bolton, Sanford

    2005-03-30

    The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Guidance for Bioavailability and Bioequivalence Studies for Levothyroxine has been challenged by companies that manufacture brand-name products. Their contention is that the current guidance does not adequately address the endogenous background levels of the drug, and that the ratios of the PK parameters, a basis for approval of equivalence, are not assessed correctly. In particular, they conclude that products that have a potency differing by 12.5% cannot be differentiated using the present guideline and criteria for acceptance of bioequivalence. They claim that such a difference can be a public health hazard because of the perception among practitioners that levothyroxine is a narrow therapeutic index drug. This article describes the procedure recommended in the current Guidance for Levothyroxine and demonstrates that the methods recommended are adequate and will accept products that are therapeutically equivalent. To date, no generic product accepted as equivalent using FDA Guidances has been shown to result in a safety and efficacy profile different from its brand counterpart.

  8. Yersinia enterocolitica Monographic Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emil Tirziu

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Germs from Yersinia genus have a vast ecologic niche, being met at different domestic and wild animal species, but also in food, water and soil. The majority of yersinis live in the digestive tract of human and numerous animal species, especially rodents, but also in soil, plant debris, waters etc. Numerous species of Yersinia genus could produce characteristic infections in human, the main source of infections is represented by rodents and hematophagous insects or, more frequently, by water or contaminated food. In a 1999 study, Mead and coauthors established that the Yersinia enterocolitica prevalence in food, in USA, is around 90%. Foods of animal origin more frequently contaminated with Yersinia enterocolitica are: pork, poultry, beef and lamb meat, milk, ice-cream, sea fruits etc., among them pork meat and milk represents the sources of the most numerous toxi-infection outbreaks in human, in different world regions. Bacteria determine infections which interest the digestive tract in numerous animal species and human, with diarrhea, lymphadenitis, pneumonia and abortion are the most important symptoms. Yersinia enterocolitica enter the human body regularly by oral ingestion, and localize itself with predilection in the distal portion of the ileum and at the ileocaecal appendix and proximal colon level, were determine a terminal ileitis with lymphadenitis, acute enterocolitis, and secondary accompanied with nodosum erythema, poliartritis that could be complicated with septicemia, sometimes leading to death.

  9. Power Plant Replacement Study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Reed, Gary

    2010-09-30

    This report represents the final report for the Eastern Illinois University power plant replacement study. It contains all related documentation from consideration of possible solutions to the final recommended option. Included are the economic justifications associated with the chosen solution along with application for environmental permitting for the selected project for construction. This final report will summarize the results of execution of an EPC (energy performance contract) investment grade audit (IGA) which lead to an energy services agreement (ESA). The project includes scope of work to design and install energy conservation measures which are guaranteed by the contractor to be self-funding over its twenty year contract duration. The cost recovery is derived from systems performance improvements leading to energy savings. The prime focus of this EPC effort is to provide a replacement solution for Eastern Illinois University's aging and failing circa 1925 central steam production plant. Twenty-three ECMs were considered viable whose net impact will provide sufficient savings to successfully support the overall project objectives.

  10. Dioxin: a case study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bond, G G

    1993-01-01

    The need to notify individuals of a possible health risk from their past exposure to potentially hazardous agents frequently extends beyond workers to include community groups. The issues to consider in community notification are frequently similar to those that are important for worker notification but may include some that are unique. This case study traces the evolution of one company's strategy for communicating with the public about possible dioxin contamination associated with its operations. Early communications tended to emphasize the technical aspects of the issues in the fashion of scientists talking to other scientists. This was interpreted by some to be symptomatic of an arrogant and uncaring attitude. Beginning in the early 1980s, the company's management recognized the need to reach out to a variety of audiences on multiple levels, and shifted to a more comprehensive communications strategy. A similar shift is now occurring throughout the chemical manufacturing industry as top managers realize that, if they expect to continue to operate, they must become more accountable and responsive to the public.

  11. Slurry reactor design studies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fox, J.M.; Degen, B.D.; Cady, G.; Deslate, F.D.; Summers, R.L. (Bechtel Group, Inc., San Francisco, CA (USA)); Akgerman, A. (Texas A and M Univ., College Station, TX (USA)); Smith, J.M. (California Univ., Davis, CA (USA))

    1990-06-01

    The objective of these studies was to perform a realistic evaluation of the relative costs of tublar-fixed-bed and slurry reactors for methanol, mixed alcohols and Fischer-Tropsch syntheses under conditions where they would realistically be expected to operate. The slurry Fischer-Tropsch reactor was, therefore, operated at low H{sub 2}/CO ratio on gas directly from a Shell gasifier. The fixed-bed reactor was operated on 2.0 H{sub 2}/CO ratio gas after adjustment by shift and CO{sub 2} removal. Every attempt was made to give each reactor the benefit of its optimum design condition and correlations were developed to extend the models beyond the range of the experimental pilot plant data. For the methanol design, comparisons were made for a recycle plant with high methanol yield, this being the standard design condition. It is recognized that this is not necessarily the optimum application for the slurry reactor, which is being proposed for a once-through operation, coproducing methanol and power. Consideration is also given to the applicability of the slurry reactor to mixed alcohols, based on conditions provided by Lurgi for an Octamix{trademark} plant using their standard tubular-fixed reactor technology. 7 figs., 26 tabs.

  12. Boston Washer Study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tomlinson, J.J.

    2002-08-06

    To help understand the relative performance gains of conventional and high-efficiency washers and to increase awareness of energy/water savings, the U.S. Department of Energy under its Emerging Technologies Program and in cooperation with Maytag Appliances conducted a field-evaluation of horizontal axis washers in a Boston, Massachusetts condo complex. Baseline washer and dryer performance and customer habits were established using 50 participants and their existing, instrumented washers and dryers for a 2 1/2-month period. After the baseline was established, the machines were replaced with high efficiency tumble action washers and moisture sensing dryers, and tested for the next 2 1/2 months. By information gathered, energy and water savings delivered by the h-axis washers as well as impacts on participants' washing habits and perceptions of cleaning performance were determined. Overall, participants saved 41% of the water and 50% of the energy that they would have used without a changeover to the new h-axis washer. The changeover also produced significant dryer energy savings due primarily to the high-speed final spin of the new washer. The Boston Washer Study report details the experiment including instrumentation, data collection and analysis procedures and discusses the impacts on energy, water and detergent consumption as well as customer satisfaction with the technology.

  13. Power Plant Replacement Study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Reed, Gary

    2010-09-30

    This report represents the final report for the Eastern Illinois University power plant replacement study. It contains all related documentation from consideration of possible solutions to the final recommended option. Included are the economic justifications associated with the chosen solution along with application for environmental permitting for the selected project for construction. This final report will summarize the results of execution of an EPC (energy performance contract) investment grade audit (IGA) which lead to an energy services agreement (ESA). The project includes scope of work to design and install energy conservation measures which are guaranteed by the contractor to be self-funding over its twenty year contract duration. The cost recovery is derived from systems performance improvements leading to energy savings. The prime focus of this EPC effort is to provide a replacement solution for Eastern Illinois University’s aging and failing circa 1925 central steam production plant. Twenty-three ECMs were considered viable whose net impact will provide sufficient savings to successfully support the overall project objectives.

  14. Three Studies in Epicurean Cosmology

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bakker, F.A.

    2010-01-01

    This dissertation consists of three studies dealing with various aspects of Epicurean cosmology. The first study discusses the Epicurean practice of explaining astronomical and meteorological phenomena by multiple alternative theories. The second study compares the meteorological accounts of Epicuru

  15. Chemical and Microbiological Characterization for PDO Labelling of Typical East Piedmont (Italy Salami

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. Gianotti

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This study is focused on the characterisation of typical salami produced in Alessandria province (North West of Italy. Seventeen small or medium salami producers from this area were involved in the study and provided the samples investigated. The aim is double and consists in obtaining a screening of the characteristics of different products and following their evolution along ripening. The study involved five types of typical salami that were characterised for aroma components and nutritional features. This approach could provide a basis for a possible PDO or PGI label request. Principal Component Analysis and cluster analysis were used as multivariate statistical tools for data treatment. The overall results obtained point out that the products investigated do not deviate from analogous European products and show the possibility of characterising by specific parameters three main groups of samples: Salamini di Mandrogne, Muletta, and Nobile Giarolo; moreover some considerations can also be drawn with respect to the nutritional characterization considering the biogenic amines profile.

  16. Relationships between precipitation and floods in the fluvial basins of Central Spain based on documentary sources from the end of the 16th century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T. Bullón

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available This study presents the results of a historic reconstruction based upon documentary sources of precipitation and floods during the last fifty years of the 16th century in Central Spain. We used data from primary sources contemporary to the events rather than compilations or secondary references. These documents belong to the institutions that administered the study area during the time period of interest and consist of municipal or monastic minute books and administrative texts from properties belonging to the nobility and royal family. Direct data that explicitly describe meteorological or flood-related events are haphazardly distributed throughout personal correspondence and various reports, and the sizes of floods or precipitation events can also be deduced from indirect data. We analysed the qualitative data by transforming them into numerical indices of intensity/duration for precipitation and intensity/area for floods. We differentiated three sets of years that presented different hydrological patterns. The first period, from 1554 to 1575, exhibited regular precipitation patterns associated with low-intensity floods. The second, from 1576 to 1584, was characterised by low precipitation levels and few floods. The third, from 1585 to 1599, showed intense precipitation with large floods interspersed with long-lasting droughts. We interpret these results in the context of the environmental and land-use patterns of the time period studied, which coincided with a period of low temperatures.

  17. Nevada Transportatoion Options Study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    P. GEHNER; E.M. WEAVER; L. FOSSUM

    2006-05-25

    This study performs a cost and schedule analysis of three Nevada Transportation options that support waste receipt at the repository. Based on the U.S. Department of Energy preference for rail transportation in Nevada (given in the Final Environmental Impact Statement), it has been assumed that a branch rail line would be constructed to support waste receipt at the repository. However, due to potential funding constraints, it is uncertain when rail will be available. The three Nevada Transportation options have been developed to meet a varying degree of requirements for transportation and to provide cost variations used in meeting the funding constraints given in the Technical Direction Letter guidelines for this study. The options include combinations of legal-weight truck, heavy-haul truck, and rail. Option 1 uses a branch rail line that would support initial waste receipt at the repository in 2010. Rail transportation would be the primary mode, supplemented by legal weight trucks. This option provides the highest level of confidence in cost and schedule, lowest public visibility, greatest public acceptability, lowest public dose, and is the recommended option for support of waste receipt. The completion of rail by 2010 will require spending approximately $800 million prior to 2010. Option 2 uses a phased rail approach to address a constrained funding scenario. To meet funding constraints, Option 2 uses a phased approach to delay high cost activities (final design and construction) until after initial waste receipt in 2010. By doing this, approximately 95 percent of the cost associated with completion of a branch rail line is deferred until after 2010. To support waste receipt until a branch rail line is constructed in Nevada, additional legal-weight truck shipments and heavy-haul truck shipments (on a limited basis for naval spent nuclear fuel) would be used to meet the same initial waste receipt rates as in Option 1. Use of heavy-haul shipments in the absence

  18. Microscale Immune Studies Laboratory.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Poschet, Jens Fredrich; Carroll-Portillo, Amanda; Wu, Meiye; Manginell, Ronald Paul; Herr, Amy Elizabeth; Martino, Anthony A.; Perroud, Thomas D.; Branda, Catherine; Srivastava, Nimisha; Sinclair, Michael B.; Moorman, Matthew Wallace; Apblett, Christopher Alan; Sale, Kenneth L.; James, Conrad D.; Carles, Elizabeth L.; Lidke, Diane S. (University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM); Van Benthem, Mark Hilary; Rebeil, Roberto; Kaiser, Julie; Seaman, William (University of California, San Francisco, CA); Rempe, Susan; Brozik, Susan Marie; Jones, Howland D. T.; Gemperline, Paul (East Carolina University, Greenville, NC); Throckmorton, Daniel J.; Misra, Milind; Murton, Jaclyn K.; Carson, Bryan D.; Zhang, Zhaoduo; Plimpton, Steven James; Renzi, Ronald F.; Lane, Todd W.; Ndiaye-Dulac, Elsa; Singh, Anup K.; Haaland, David Michael; Faulon, Jean-Loup Michel; Davis, Ryan W.; Ricken, James Bryce; Branda, Steven S.; Patel, Kamlesh D.; Joo, Jaewook; Kubiak, Glenn D.; Brennan, James S.; Martin, Shawn Bryan; Brasier, Allan (University of Texas Mecial Branch, Galveston, TX)

    2009-01-01

    The overarching goal is to develop novel technologies to elucidate molecular mechanisms of the innate immune response in host cells to pathogens such as bacteria and viruses including the mechanisms used by pathogens to subvert/suppress/obfuscate the immune response to cause their harmful effects. Innate immunity is our first line of defense against a pathogenic bacteria or virus. A comprehensive 'system-level' understanding of innate immunity pathways such as toll-like receptor (TLR) pathways is the key to deciphering mechanisms of pathogenesis and can lead to improvements in early diagnosis or developing improved therapeutics. Current methods for studying signaling focus on measurements of a limited number of components in a pathway and hence, fail to provide a systems-level understanding. We have developed a systems biology approach to decipher TLR4 pathways in macrophage cell lines in response to exposure to pathogenic bacteria and their lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Our approach integrates biological reagents, a microfluidic cell handling and analysis platform, high-resolution imaging and computational modeling to provide spatially- and temporally-resolved measurement of TLR-network components. The Integrated microfluidic platform is capable of imaging single cells to obtain dynamic translocation data as well as high-throughput acquisition of quantitative protein expression and phosphorylation information of selected cell populations. The platform consists of multiple modules such as single-cell array, cell sorter, and phosphoflow chip to provide confocal imaging, cell sorting, flow cytomtery and phosphorylation assays. The single-cell array module contains fluidic constrictions designed to trap and hold single host cells. Up to 100 single cells can be trapped and monitored for hours, enabling detailed statistically-significant measurements. The module was used to analyze translocation behavior of transcription factor NF-kB in macrophages upon activation

  19. GROUT HOPPER MODELING STUDY

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, S.

    2011-08-30

    The Saltstone facility has a grout hopper tank to provide agitator stirring of the Saltstone feed materials. The tank has about 300 gallon capacity to provide a larger working volume for the grout slurry to be held in case of a process upset, and it is equipped with a mechanical agitator, which is intended to keep the grout in motion and agitated so that it won't start to set up. The dry feeds and the salt solution are already mixed in the mixer prior to being transferred to the hopper tank. The hopper modeling study through this work will focus on fluid stirring and agitation, instead of traditional mixing in the literature, in order to keep the tank contents in motion during their residence time so that they will not be upset or solidified prior to transferring the grout to the Saltstone disposal facility. The primary objective of the work is to evaluate the flow performance for mechanical agitators to prevent vortex pull-through for an adequate stirring of the feed materials and to estimate an agitator speed which provides acceptable flow performance with a 45{sup o} pitched four-blade agitator. In addition, the power consumption required for the agitator operation was estimated. The modeling calculations were performed by taking two steps of the Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) modeling approach. As a first step, a simple single-stage agitator model with 45{sup o} pitched propeller blades was developed for the initial scoping analysis of the flow pattern behaviors for a range of different operating conditions. Based on the initial phase-1 results, the phase-2 model with a two-stage agitator was developed for the final performance evaluations. A series of sensitivity calculations for different designs of agitators and operating conditions have been performed to investigate the impact of key parameters on the grout hydraulic performance in a 300-gallon hopper tank. For the analysis, viscous shear was modeled by using the Bingham plastic approximation

  20. Microscale Immune Studies Laboratory.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Poschet, Jens Fredrich; Carroll-Portillo, Amanda; Wu, Meiye; Manginell, Ronald Paul; Herr, Amy Elizabeth; Martino, Anthony A.; Perroud, Thomas D.; Branda, Catherine; Srivastava, Nimisha; Sinclair, Michael B.; Moorman, Matthew Wallace; Apblett, Christopher Alan; Sale, Kenneth L.; James, Conrad D.; Carles, Elizabeth L.; Lidke, Diane S. (University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM); Van Benthem, Mark Hilary; Rebeil, Roberto; Kaiser, Julie; Seaman, William (University of California, San Francisco, CA); Rempe, Susan; Brozik, Susan Marie; Jones, Howland D. T.; Gemperline, Paul (East Carolina University, Greenville, NC); Throckmorton, Daniel J.; Misra, Milind; Murton, Jaclyn K.; Carson, Bryan D.; Zhang, Zhaoduo; Plimpton, Steven James; Renzi, Ronald F.; Lane, Todd W.; Ndiaye-Dulac, Elsa; Singh, Anup K.; Haaland, David Michael; Faulon, Jean-Loup Michel; Davis, Ryan W.; Ricken, James Bryce; Branda, Steven S.; Patel, Kamlesh D.; Joo, Jaewook; Kubiak, Glenn D.; Brennan, James S.; Martin, Shawn Bryan; Brasier, Allan (University of Texas Mecial Branch, Galveston, TX)

    2009-01-01

    The overarching goal is to develop novel technologies to elucidate molecular mechanisms of the innate immune response in host cells to pathogens such as bacteria and viruses including the mechanisms used by pathogens to subvert/suppress/obfuscate the immune response to cause their harmful effects. Innate immunity is our first line of defense against a pathogenic bacteria or virus. A comprehensive 'system-level' understanding of innate immunity pathways such as toll-like receptor (TLR) pathways is the key to deciphering mechanisms of pathogenesis and can lead to improvements in early diagnosis or developing improved therapeutics. Current methods for studying signaling focus on measurements of a limited number of components in a pathway and hence, fail to provide a systems-level understanding. We have developed a systems biology approach to decipher TLR4 pathways in macrophage cell lines in response to exposure to pathogenic bacteria and their lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Our approach integrates biological reagents, a microfluidic cell handling and analysis platform, high-resolution imaging and computational modeling to provide spatially- and temporally-resolved measurement of TLR-network components. The Integrated microfluidic platform is capable of imaging single cells to obtain dynamic translocation data as well as high-throughput acquisition of quantitative protein expression and phosphorylation information of selected cell populations. The platform consists of multiple modules such as single-cell array, cell sorter, and phosphoflow chip to provide confocal imaging, cell sorting, flow cytomtery and phosphorylation assays. The single-cell array module contains fluidic constrictions designed to trap and hold single host cells. Up to 100 single cells can be trapped and monitored for hours, enabling detailed statistically-significant measurements. The module was used to analyze translocation behavior of transcription factor NF-kB in macrophages upon activation